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          03-25-2019 CS Colloquium: Anand Iyer (University of California, Berkeley) - Scalable Systems for Large-Scale Dynamic Connected Data Processing       Cache   Translate Page      
Speaker: Anand Iyer, University of California, Berkeley Talk Title: Scalable Systems for Large-Scale Dynamic Connected Data Processing Series: CS Colloquium Abstract: As the proliferation of sensors rapidly make the Internet-of-Things (IoT) a reality, the devices and sensors in this ecosystem-”such as smartphones, video cameras, home automation systems and autonomous vehicles-”constantly map out the real-world producing unprecedented amounts of connected data that captures complex and diverse relations. Unfortunately, existing big data processing and machine learning frameworks are ill-suited for analyzing such dynamic connected data, and face several challenges when employed for this purpose. In this talk, I will present my research that focuses on building scalable systems for dynamic connected data processing. I will discuss simple abstractions that make it easy to operate on such data, efficient data structures for state management, and computation models that reduce redundant work. I will also describe how bridging theory and practice with algorithms and techniques that leverage approximation and streaming theory can significantly speed up computations. The systems I have built achieve more than an order of magnitude improvement over the state-of-the-art and are currently under evaluation in the industry for real-world deployments. This lecture satisfies requirements for CSCI 591: Research Colloquium. Biography: Anand Iyer is a PhD candidate at the University of California, Berkeley advised by Prof. Ion Stoica. His research interest is in systems with a current focus on enabling efficient analysis and machine learning on large-scale dynamic, connected data. He is a recipient of the Best Paper Award at SIGMOD GRADES-NDA 2018 for his work on approximate graph analytics. Before coming to Berkeley, he was a member of the Mobility, Networking and Systems group at Microsoft Research India. He completed his M.S at the University of Texas at Austin. Host: Barath
          Autonomous vehicles could be an environmental boon or disaster, depending on public policy      Cache   Translate Page      
(Princeton University, Engineering School) Widespread use of autonomous vehicles (AVs) could either massively increase or drastically cut greenhouse gas emissions depending, in large part, on public policy, according to new research from Princeton University.
          Smart2Go project will create wearables that never need recharging      Cache   Translate Page      
German company Fraunhofer FEP is leading Smart2Go, a new collaborative project that will involve the development of a flexible power supply for wearable devices under the EU’s Horizon 2020 program. The company anticipates the creation of an ‘autonomous energy-supply platform’ intended to power the growing number of wearable technologies in development, including medical gadgets and trackers. Though the market is … Continue reading
          In Mindanao, BARMM Is Only the Beginning      Cache   Translate Page      
Establishing the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) is only the start of the path to peace.
          Rotary Steerable Systems (RSS) Electro - Mechanical Technician      Cache   Translate Page      
the designated RSS Product Group Line. The technician should be capable of working autonomously on tasks listed
          Rotary Steerable Systems (RSS) Electronic Technician - 2 Positions      Cache   Translate Page      
the designated RSS Product Group Line. The technician should be capable of working autonomously on tasks listed
          Dearness Allowance at 5th CPC rate from January 2019      Cache   Translate Page      
Rate of Dearness Allowance applicable w.e.f. 01.01.2019 to the employees of Central Government and Central Autonomous Bodies continuing to draw their pay in the pre-revised pay scales as per 5th Central Pay Commission.
          Sixth CPC DA 154% from 1st Jan 2019      Cache   Translate Page      
Rate of Dearness Allowance applicable w.e.f. 01.01.2019 to the employees of Central Government and Central Autonomous Bodies continuing to draw their pay in the pre­ revised pay scale/Grade Pay as per 6th Central Pay Commission
          The Crash of the Boeing 737 Max Is a Warning for Drivers, Too      Cache   Translate Page      
Pilots usually have to understand their autonomous planes. We should understand our autonomous cars.
          Administrator (MR0444) | Working@McGill - McGill University      Cache   Translate Page      
<p>Position Title:&nbsp;Position Summary:&nbsp;</p> <p>Under the direction of the Administrative Officer, provides effective, efficient and executive administration in support of the Vice-Principal, University Advancement in accordance with the unit’s goals and objectives, while ensuring coherence with the University’s mission and culture. Develop administrative standards, practices and systems. Plan, develop and implement administrative processes and policies. Provide a liaison function with other units and external organizations as they relate to the office of the VP, Advancement.</p> <p>Primary Responsibilities:&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li>Effectively manage the VP’s schedule and organize their time as required based on an in depth understanding of the VP’s and the unit’s priorities, the urgency of the requests, the political landscape, and the availability and preference of the VP and other parties concerned.</li> <li>Manage all incoming internal and external requests for the VP’s time while ensuring that organizational priorities are always being maintained. This includes managing requests from high level donors, the Principal’s Office, the Provost’s Office and from the offices of the VPs in other units, Deans, Professors and UA senior management.</li> <li>Anticipate needs and proactively research and secure information to ensure that the VP is adequately prepared in advance of his commitments and has all information and documentation required to operate effectively. This includes information on scheduling, logistics, invitations, materials, minutes, agendas, briefings and speaking notes.</li> <li>Oversee the logistics of the VPs conference-related travel.</li> <li>Organize, prioritize and follow up on documents needed, indicating required responses or actions to be taken as appropriate.</li> <li>Support rigorous strategic plan rollout, monitoring and status updates.</li> <li>Assess and resolve administrative problems related to the VP’s schedule. When appropriate, inform supervisor and formulate recommendations. Participate in calendar reviews with the VP.</li> <li>Draft and send complex communications on behalf of the VP. This requires insight into, and understanding of, UA priorities and challenges.</li> <li>Review, prioritize, organize, track and follow up on documents for VP’s signature including legal agreements (MOAs, LOIs, deeds).</li> <li>Establish and foster strong internal and external working relationships by identifying needs and providing support in the delivery of services.</li> <li>Participate in the Governance Reporting process by ensuring the VP’s time is secured for the pertinent Committee meetings and following-up on the required documents.</li> <li>Provides functional supervision of clerical staff</li> <li>Maintain a high level of accountability and a high degree of discretion and confidentiality.</li> <li>Assist with the conceptualization, development and planning of special events, such as UA Town Hall meetings; provide input on content and structure of such events.</li> <li>Perform certain functions of the Administrative Officer in her absence that fall within the scope of the Administrator role.</li> <li>Manage and track VP’s expense reports.</li> <li>Undertake special projects as required.</li> </ul> <p>Minimum Education &amp; Experience:&nbsp;Other Qualifying Skills And/Or Abilities:&nbsp;Bachelor’s Degree preferred. Seasoned administrator to executives with a proven ability to manage a complex, multi-faceted calendar.Advanced problem solving, priority setting, analytical and organizational skills. Highly proficient in a PC environment, using MS Office and client-server database. Ability to work in a fast-paced environment, carry on multiple projects within the same timeframe, and to adapt and be flexible to changing circumstances. Proven high-level of attention to detail. Client-focused, with excellent interpersonal skills and savvy. Proven ability to work autonomously and as part of a team including senior executives, senior university administrators and prominent donors/volunteers. Must be tenacious, results-driven and a self-starter. Previous experience in a fundraising/ corporate sales environment is an asset. Excellent spoken and written communications skills in English and French.Reference Number:&nbsp;Faculty/Unit:&nbsp;How To Apply:&nbsp;</p> <p>Please submit your cover letter and curriculum vitae, clearly indicating the reference number, to University Advancement at [at]</p> <p>The deadline to apply for this position is March 21, 2019 at 5:00 PM.</p> <p>*<b>Current employees</b>: please indicate your McGill ID number in your application.*</p> <p>We thank all applicants for their interest in McGill University. However, University Advancement will only contact applicants selected for an interview.</p> <p>McGill applicants, covered by the McGill Non-Unionized, Non-Academic Personnel Policies and Procedures, must apply to a regular M and Excluded position within ten (10) working days of the date of publication to maintain internal priority. McGill University hires on the basis of merit and is strongly committed to equity and diversity within its community. We welcome applications from racialized persons/visible minorities, women, Indigenous persons, persons with disabilities, ethnic minorities, and persons of minority sexual orientations and gender identities, as well as from all qualified candidates with the skills and knowledge to productively engage with diverse communities. McGill implements an employment equity program and encourages members of designated groups to self-identify. Persons with disabilities who anticipate needing accommodations for any part of the application process may contact, in confidence, Professor Angela Campbell, Associate Provost (Equity and Academic Policies) at or 514-398-1660.</p>
          Michigan researchers to install data-tracking sensors on Mackinac Bridge      Cache   Translate Page      
Mackinac Bridge in Michigan; bridge monitoring sensors

Image: Justin Billau [CC BY-SA 2.0] via Wikimedia Commons

Researchers in the state of Michigan are planning to install up to 2,000 infrastructure sensors on the Mackinac Bridge in order to explore the logistics of a large-scale deployment and provide useful monitoring data to the Mackinac Bridge Authority (MBA). 


According to a press release from the MBA, the first 20 prototype infrastructure sensors were installed a few years ago on the bridge and were powered solely by vibrations from traffic. These devices have proven their durability and performed as intended. Researchers from Michigan State University (MSU) and Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL) are ready to roll out the next phase of testing.


Beginning in 2016, MSU and WUSTL researchers started deploying prototype sensors beneath the bridge as part of a demonstration project sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The Mackinac Bridge provided a high-profile testing ground for these self-powered sensors. Since then, the new and improved versions of the self-powered sensors have been developed as a part of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Cyber-physical Systems program and have been successfully deployed on the bridge.


The team of researchers view the sensing technology as a way to transform the process of bridge preservation and management, and to improve the serviceability of bridges. The aim of the large-scale deployment is to show that the system can autonomously monitor loading experienced on the bridge, and that the sensors can collect information without too much human intervention and at a lower cost.


Several of the sensors' features make them attractive to infrastructure managers. Because they have no external power source, the sensors eliminate the issue of requiring battery changes or wiring to power sources. They also do not need wires to access the data they collect, as staff can access that information wirelessly. 


MBA staff will assist with installation of the additional sensors, offering both equipment and access to the bridge. The MBA will retain ownership of the data gathered by the sensors, with WUSTL providing the sensor prototypes and MSU providing tools to analyze and interpret that data for bridge staff to use in guiding engineering and maintenance decisions. The research team can use the data for research publication with approval from the MBA. The team plans to start installation of the additional and improved sensors this summer. 



Source: Mackinac Bridge Authority

          Why the right STEM education and mentorship are crucial to foster innovation -      Cache   Translate Page      
Why the right STEM education and mentorship are crucial to foster innovation

In January 2018, the ASER Centre, an autonomous unit of a leading non-profit organisation, published the results of a survey conducted on 14-18-year-olds ...

          Weird      Cache   Translate Page      
I just received this strange link from Diana! John Deere, iRobot team up to make semi-autonomous battlefield lawnmower that hates Will Smith (with pic).
          Or Said They Did      Cache   Translate Page      
I can't tell what these people actually believe or if they're just conning investors.

Uber thought it would have 75,000 autonomous vehicles on the roads this year and be operating driverless taxi services in 13 cities by 2022, according to court documents unsealed last week. To reach those ambitious goals, the ridesharing company, which hopes to go public later this year, was spending $20 million a month on developing self-driving technologies.

The figures, dating back to 2016, paint a picture of a company desperate to meet over-ambitious autonomy targets and one that is willing to spend freely, even recklessly, to get there. As Uber prepares for its IPO later this year, the new details could prove an embarrassing reminder that the company is still trailing in its efforts to develop technology that founder Travis Kalanick called “existential” to Uber’s future.

I was thinking a bit why all of this has been so dumb, and one reason is that the barrier isn't (yet) even just that they can't build a reasonably cheap car, it's they can't build one at all. If I said, "here's eleventy trillion dollars, put a single level 4+/5- self-driving car on the road that would truly work well enough to be a robo taxi that would operate more cheaply than one with a driver within 18 months" I'm pretty sure it couldn't be done. Maybe I'm too pessimistic. Maybe they could with eleventy trillion! But the point is you aren't going to be rolling these things off the assembly line at $100,000 a pop any time soon because you couldn't even roll them off the assembly line at $100,000,000 a pop.

It isn't about making the technology more efficient or cost-effective or whatever, it's about making the technology at all. It just does not exist. They can't say, "well, we can do this, but sadly the sensors cost $10,000,000 per car so we need to figure out how to make them more cheaply." They just can't do it.
          How Technology Is Disrupting The Very Nature Of Freight Transportation      Cache   Translate Page      
After undergoing decades of very little change, the trucking and transportation sector has recently gone through a massive shift in technological innovation and process change. In fact, the onslaught of disruption, which has been far-from-gradual, has seemed to come from all corners. Whether it be the ELD mandate, telematics, autonomous trucks, or advances in safety ... Read moreHow Technology Is Disrupting The Very Nature Of Freight Transportation
          Autonomous Systems Manager - DOT Technology Corp. - Emerald Park, SK      Cache   Translate Page      
Interest and/or experience with AI, machine learning, robotics, and autonomous vehicles. DOT Technology Crop....
From Indeed - Fri, 15 Feb 2019 04:13:34 GMT - View all Emerald Park, SK jobs
          Vegas tourism board OKs transit system talks with Musk firm      Cache   Translate Page      
This undated conceptual drawing provided by tvs design/Design Las Vegas and The Boring Company shows the entrance to the Las Vegas Convention Center Loop outside a new exhibition hall proposed for Las Vegas. Entrepreneur Elon Musk's dream of a tunnel transit system may finally become a reality in Las Vegas. Tourism officials in Sin City announced Wednesday, March 6, 2019, they might soon grant him a contract to build and operate a mile-and-a-quarter-long project with autonomous electric vehicles to move people around a mega convention center. (tvs design/Design Las Vegas/The Boring Company via AP)

Vegas tourism board OKs transit system talks with Musk firm

          Relationship-Fostering Autonomous Vehicles - The Conceptual Volvo InterSection Aids Interaction (      Cache   Translate Page      
( Consumers have quickly begun to spend the majority of their time using technology which has subsequently decreased the amount of time they spend meeting face-to-face, so the conceptual Volvo...
           Gallery: Concept cars of Geneva 2019 shine LEDs and glowing tires at the future (and past)       Cache   Translate Page      

Volkswagen ID Buggy#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Each March, it's a toss-up as to whether the most impressive part of the Geneva Motor Show is the barrage of crazy, record-smashing hypercars or the deluge of equally crazy, thought-provoking concept cars. This year, we give the edge to the hypercars, but the concept cars aren't far behind. The Geneva 2019 concept car army includes plenty of plug-in electric drive power, some versatile off-road hardware and a restoration of one of the coolest retrofuturistic cars of all time.

.. Continue Reading Gallery: Concept cars of Geneva 2019 shine LEDs and glowing tires at the future (and past)

Category: Automotive

          Vegas tourism board OKs transit system talks with Musk firm      Cache   Translate Page      
This undated conceptual drawing provided by tvs design/Design Las Vegas and The Boring Company shows the entrance to the Las Vegas Convention Center Loop outside a new exhibition hall proposed for Las Vegas. Entrepreneur Elon Musk's dream of a tunnel transit system may finally become a reality in Las Vegas. Tourism officials in Sin City announced Wednesday, March 6, 2019, they might soon grant him a contract to build and operate a mile-and-a-quarter-long project with autonomous electric vehicles to move people around a mega convention center. (tvs design/Design Las Vegas/The Boring Company via AP)

Vegas tourism board OKs transit system talks with Musk firm

           Comment on Inquiries, investigations, and registries: It’s complicated by Michael White       Cache   Translate Page      
We cant have both: Congregtional autonomy and Top down authority. We can provide resources yet we must realize that they may be ineffective because they are dependent on congregations we do not control. Or simply, we cant cover our behinds. At least not that way. Maybe not in any way. So let me ask a question: Why do our churches want to be a part of the SBC? Because what we ultimately are discussing is the relationship between the churches and the denomination. Because that is where the problem is. Its not really unexpected that autonomous churches will have various understandings and standards and levels of cooperation and various and different attitudes towards the SBC administration. And certainly there is minimum level of cooperation that makes them an SBC church. And if we seek to change that minimum we may possibly lose many churches. There could be other areas where this clash of autonomy and the need for top down control might conflict. What if a lot of churches start looking at certain subjects, say, in a more progressive fashion? Change seems to be coming for good and bad and I dont think the underlying conflict is going away.
          Infusion Nurse - Whitehorse - AmerisourceBergen - Whitehorse, YT      Cache   Translate Page      
Able to work autonomously with little supervision as part of a larger remote team. Are you looking to make a difference in a patient’s life?...
From AmeriSourceBergen - Mon, 12 Nov 2018 20:38:17 GMT - View all Whitehorse, YT jobs
          Field and Infusion Nurse - AmerisourceBergen - Battleford, SK      Cache   Translate Page      
Able to work autonomously with little supervision as part of a larger remote team. Are you looking to make a difference in a patient’s life?...
From AmeriSourceBergen - Sat, 09 Feb 2019 02:36:55 GMT - View all Battleford, SK jobs
          Dyke cutting Canary Islands, Spain      Cache   Translate Page      

Canary Islands The Canary Islands is a Spanish archipelago and the southernmost autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, 100 kilometres (62 miles) west of Morocco at the closest point. The Canary Islands, which are also known informally as the Canaries, are among the outermost regions (OMR) of the European Union proper. It […]

The post Dyke cutting Canary Islands, Spain appeared first on Geology Page.

          The nanny state blob      Cache   Translate Page      
Taxpayer funding of ‘nanny state’ groups has not declined in recent years but it has evolved. In the debate about food, tobacco and alcohol, there are relatively few dedicated activist groups directly funded by central government. Alcohol Concern has lost its state funding and has now merged with Alcohol Research UK to become Alcohol Change UK. Its counter-part in tobacco control, the English branch of Action on Smoking and Health (ASH), has been funded by the Department of Health since its inception in 1971 and received a DH grant of £159,999 in 2016/17. ASH insists that this money is not used for advocacy or lobbying but is used to ‘support the Tobacco Control Plan for England’. It is not clear what this means in practice and its grant applications in the past have explicitly listed ‘media advocacy and lobbying’ as a deliverable. Like Alcohol Concern, ASH has never provided health, cessation or rehabilitation services.

The records appear to reveal no other pressure group focused solely on food, tobacco or alcohol that receives funding from Whitehall, although there are several state-funded organisations with a broader ‘public health’ remit which lobby for lifestyle regulation. The UK Health Forum received £216,306 from the Department of Health in 2016/17 in addition to £680,000 from Public Health England and an unrestricted grant of £371,660 from the European Commission. Of a total budget of £1,597,619, state funding amounted to £1,470,626 (92 per cent). It lobbied for a familiar assortment of paternalistic anti-market interventions in lifestyle choices - tax rises, bans, advertising restrictions, minimum pricing, mandatory food reformulation, etc. - before closing down after government funding was withdrawn last year.

Public Health England
Public Health England (PHE) is the new critical dynamic in the politics of the nanny state. Created in 2013, PHE has changed the face of state-funded activism in the field of lifestyle regulation in two ways. Firstly, it has a colossal budget of £4.5 billion, most of which is distributed to local authorities where dozens of Directors of Public Health lobby councillors for policies which restrict personal freedom and disrupt the market, such as outdoor smoking bans and tighter licensing restrictions for bars and off licences. As a semi-autonomous quango with a large pot of money, Public Health England can also grant funds to third parties without ministerial sign-off. For example, when the CEOs of several ‘public health’ organisations decided that they needed to create another umbrella group for their profession, Public Health England handed them £57,200 to create the UK Public Health Network. It has recently started funding ASH, with grants totalling £108,000 in the last quarter of 2018.

Secondly, PHE is itself effectively a pressure group. Through its publications and public pronouncements it has lobbied for such policies as minimum pricing for alcohol, outdoor smoking bans, plain packaging and bans on ‘junk food’ advertising. Every other ‘sock puppet’ group is a minnow by comparison. Public Health England has not made the smaller groups obsolete - the ‘swarm effect’ requires different voices to demand the same policies - but it is now the mothership around which the activist groups orbit. It is also the citadel to which several activists have departed. Martin Dockrell, formerly of ASH, is now the Tobacco Control Programme Lead at PHE, and various prominent anti-alcohol campaigners, including Ian Gilmore of the Alcohol Health Alliance, have been appointed to PHE’s Alcohol Leadership Board.

Public Health England is a more overtly political entity than the public health organisations, such as the Health Education Council, which preceded it. A similar drift towards activism can be seen in other state-funded ‘public health’ groups, up to and including the World Health Organisation. Even organisations that were not set up to preach lifestyle change have got involved, including the Local Government Association, the Food Standards Agency and Food Standards Scotland. Some of the activities of the latter, which received £15.8 million from the Scottish Government in 2017/18, are indistinguishable from those of Obesity Action Scotland as it campaigns for smaller food portions and congratulates the government on its obesity strategy. In 2018, one of its advisors even suggested that the government should put graphic warnings on red meat.


Other sources of taxpayers’ money are available to activist-academics in the nanny state blob via the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). Although higher educational institutes are exempt from the anti-sockpuppet rules, the gap between research and advocacy can be narrow to the point of invisibility.  The UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies (UKCTAS), which has academics from fourteen British universities, says that it is not a ‘lobbying group, but we do have close links with advocacy organisations and will assist them where appropriate.’

Between 2013 and 2017 it attracted £45 million in grant income from public and private sources, including the Scottish Government, Public Health England, the Medical Research Council, NICE, the NHS, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, the European Commission, NIHR, ESRC, the Department of Health and the EU’s Smoke Free Partnership.

As a result of UKCTAS’s ‘meaningful and sustained collaborative relationships with advocacy organisations’, it is able to list the following political victories:

‘We performed new analyses for the Scottish Government on the comparative effectiveness of Minimum Unit Pricing and alcohol taxation, and this work formed a key part of their successful defence of Minimum Unit Pricing in the Scottish courts'
'Academics from UKCTAS worked with Scottish groups including Alcohol Focus Scotland and Scottish Health Action on Alcohol Problems to advocate for a reduction in the ‘drink-drive limit’ in Scotland'

'Legislation prohibiting smoking in cars carrying children in England and Wales came into force in October 2015. UKCTAS played a leading role in bringing this legislation into place'

'Legislation to introduce standardised packaging for tobacco was passed in the UK parliament in the spring of 2015 and will be fully implemented from May 2017. This covers all parts of the UK. UKCTAS research played a key role in this decision.’ 

Similar advocacy-oriented academic organisations have emerged in recent years, including the Tobacco Control Research Group, whose funders include NIHR, ESCR, the NHS, the European Council and the Department of Health. In 2017, the ESCR - which is funded to the tune of £212 million by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy - announced the creation of the UK Prevention Research Partnership, a £50 million project aimed at developing ‘robust new knowledge which contributes to demonstrable changes in policy and practice’ by ‘working closely with policy makers’. The same year saw the Department of Health announce that it would be setting up a new Obesity Policy Research Unit with £5 million of taxpayers’ money.

The Obesity Policy Research Unit will be run by Russell Viner, the president of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, who has been a regular fixture in the newspapers for years making emotive calls for sugar taxes, advertising bans and restrictions on fast food outlets. He accuses fast food chains of ‘enticing young people and their pocket money' and claims that only by banning advertisements for food that is high in fat, salt or sugar ‘can children reclaim their childhood’. It seems unlikely that the £5 million unit will produce any research that challenges these prior beliefs.

Clearly there is no shortage of money available to activist-academics who wish to tax and ban in the name of ‘public health’, but what is most striking is the extent of their activism and the narrowness of the clique to which they belong. Anna Gilmore, for example, was a board member of Action on Smoking and Health before joining UKCTAS and becoming the director of the Tobacco Control Research Group. She also sat on the Steering Committee and Programme Board of Smokefree Southwest until it closed in 2016. During this period, Smokefree Southwest granted £135,000 to Gilmore’s Tobacco Control Research Group and NHS Southwest gave the Tobacco Control Research Group £165,284 for ‘research and evaluation support’ for Smokefree Southwest.

Linda Bauld is the Deputy Director of UKCTAS and is on Public Health England’s tobacco control implementation board. She has also ‘been closely involved in the development of the UKPRP and is a member of the steering group for this new initiative’. Meanwhile, ASH Scotland’s CEO Sheila Duffy is on the Scottish Government's Ministerial Working Group on Tobacco Control and, more surprisingly for an anti-smoking campaigner, also on the steering committee of Obesity Action Scotland.

The EU and local government

Direct sock puppet funding continues to flourish in local authorities and devolved governments, and is endemic at the EU level. EU-funded organisations lobbying for lifestyle regulation include the European Network for Smoking and Tobacco Prevention (€314,039: 52 per cent of income), the Smoke Free Partnership (€400,749: 60 per cent of income), the TackSHS Project (€620,050: 100 per cent of income), EuroHealthNet (€901,000: 80 per cent of income), the World Obesity Federation (€444,672: 33 per cent of income), the European Public Health Alliance (€623,368: 80 per cent of income), Active – Sobriety, Friendship and Peace (€145,188: 63 per cent) and the European Public Health Association (€53,571: 19 per cent). Several likeminded pressure groups, such as the International Order of Good Templars and the Norwegian Policy Network on Alcohol and Drugs, are not EU-funded but are active in EU policy debates thanks to large grants from national governments.

In the regions, a variety of anti-smoking groups funded by local authorities come and go. In the northeast, Fresh continues to be funded through local public health grants, but similar organisations in the northwest and southwest have been wound down since the campaign for plain packaging was won. Smokefree Southwest broadened its remit in 2015 by changing its name to Public Health Action but lost its funding in June 2016 and is now little more than a Twitter account. Smokefree Northwest attempted a similar transformation by becoming Healthier Futures in 2016 but ceased trading in March 2017. Various local ‘Tobacco Control Alliances’ exist in such places as Rotherham, Camden and Durham but are now mainly focused on helping smokers to quit with cessation services and e-cigarettes rather than campaigning for legislative change. A new project called History Makers in Greater Manchester, funded by northwest local authorities, has expressed interest in such policies as banning smoking outdoors, licensing tobacco retailers and banning smoking on TV, but has not yet begun active campaigning.

The lack of overt political activity by these groups since plain packaging was introduced in 2016 probably reflects a dearth of new policies to lobby for and the government’s stated intention not to pass further anti-smoking legislation in this Parliament. The same cannot be said for Balance Northeast, an anti-alcohol group which shares an office with Fresh and, like Fresh, is 100 per cent funded by twelve local authorities. It has been campaigning for minimum unit pricing, warning labels on alcoholic drinks and advertising restrictions for nearly a decade. Its campaign for higher taxes is always more intense before the Budget.

Local authorities also fund pressure groups involved in food and soft drink regulation. Sustain for Life received £45,000 from the Greater London Authority and Royal Borough of Greenwich in 2016/17 in addition to lottery funding of £85,068 and £146,647 from the European Commission. This organisation funds the Children’s Food Campaign and runs SugarSmart, both of which were heavily involved in the campaign for the sugar tax and now lobby for a ban on ‘junk food marketing’. Sustain also set up and funded the Children’s Health Fund (with the help of Jamie Oliver) in 2015 to lobby for the sugar tax but this group was wound down once the tax was introduced in April 2018, with the group announcing that it was ‘passing the baton on to Government’.

The Birmingham Food Council, created in 2014 and funded by grants from Birmingham City Council, claims that sugar and high-fructose corn syrup are ‘psychoactive substances’ and that even sparkling water causes ‘dental decay and contributes to other health problems’. These dubious scientific claims accompanied a briefing paper urging Birmingham City Council to reject partnerships with Coca-Cola and to ‘avoid future commercial relationships with food and drinks companies whose products carry standard rate VAT’. This came in the wake of Coca-Cola giving £20 million to three local authorities to fund free activities in public parks, such as karate, Zumba and yoga. The Birmingham Food Council describes Coca-Cola as a ‘“food drug” corporation’ and calls for the sugar tax to be extended to all fizzy drinks even if they do not contain sugar. Its pronouncements on social media include ‘Shame we can’t ban sugar in public places’.

Scotland and Wales  

The Scottish Government continues to be the primary funder of Alcohol Focus Scotland, with an unrestricted grant of £472,000 in 2017/18. Scottish Health Action on Alcohol Problems which, like Alcohol Focus Scotland, campaigns to limit the marketing, availability and affordability of alcohol, depended on government funding for 100 per cent of its €200,000 budget in 2015/16, according to the EU Transparency Register. Both organisations lobbied heavily for one of the Scottish National Party’s flagship policies - minimum unit pricing for alcohol - which was introduced in May 2018. When Alcohol Focus Scotland co-hosted the Global Alcohol Policy Conference in Edinburgh in 2015 - an event sponsored by the Scottish Government and NHS Scotland - SNP leader Nicola Sturgeon gave the opening speech and the organisers paid tribute to her ‘political courage’.

A similar arrangement developed in the Republic of Ireland where Alcohol Action Ireland, which relied on the state for 97.5 per cent of its income in 2015, not only lobbied for minimum pricing but set up another group, the Alcohol Health Alliance, specifically ‘to support the Public Health (Alcohol) Bill’ of which minimum pricing was the cornerstone. In addition to writing submissions to government as ‘an independent voice for advocacy and policy change’ and promoting the legislation in the media, Alcohol Action Ireland set up a webpage which enabled its supporters to lobby their parliamentary representative with a standardised e-mail (‘I urge you to please support the implementation of the Public Health (Alcohol) Bill, in full’ etc.). In 2016, Ireland’s Department of Health gave Alcohol Action Ireland an additional €75,000 ‘to engage with the EU to build support for the Public Health (Alcohol) Bill’ (Tighe 2016). The law was passed in October 2018.

State-funded lobbying does not get much more blatant than this, although the similarly named Obesity Action Scotland comes close. Founded in 2015 and wholly funded by a grant from the Scottish Government, it campaigns for a 9pm watershed on advertising for food that is high in fat, salt or sugar (HFSS), bans on price promotions such as buy-one-get-one-free and ‘regulations to control portion size’. It says that all this - plus food reformulation and the sugar tax - ‘will only be the start’ of restrictions on the free market in the name of obesity prevention. All of these policies were included in a consultation document put forward by the Scottish Government in October 2017. Obesity Action Scotland publicly welcomed the proposals and drafted an encouraging consultation response (its only complaint was that some of the measures did not go far enough). In July 2018, Scotland’s Diet and Healthy Weight Delivery Plan was published with all of Obesity Action Scotland’s demands met.

This kind of activity is relatively new in the area of food, but has long been practised in the field of tobacco. Today, both the Scottish and Welsh governments fund their branches of Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) more heavily than Whitehall funds the English branch. ASH Scotland received £604,798 directly from the Scottish Government in 2016/17 (77 per cent of its total income) while receiving just £3,126 in voluntary donations. ASH Wales received £207,872 from the Welsh Government in 2016/17 in addition to £136,247 from the EU’s Erasmus+ project. In total, ASH Wales depended on government grants for 69 per cent of its income, with just £3,570 coming from individual donations and legacies.

Taken from Still Hand in Glove? A re-examination of state-funded activism.
          Uber’s self-driving car unit was burning $20 million a month      Cache   Translate Page      
Uber thought it would have 75,000 autonomous vehicles on the roads this year and be operating driverless taxi services in 13 cities by 2022, according to court documents unsealed last week. To reach those ambitious goals, the ridesharing company, which hopes to go public later this year, was spending $20 million a month on developing […]
          Sr Principal Cognitive Sftwr - Explainable AI      Cache   Translate Page      
Northrop Grumman Mission Systems in Beavercreek, Ohio sector is seeking a Sr Principal Cognitive Sftwr who will be an integral part of a Research, Technology Transition and Systems development Team that performs deep learning on problems ranging from Machine Translation, Automated Speech Recognition, Speech Synthesis, Image Processing, Cyber Solutions and Remote Sensing Applications. The selected applicant will have the opportunity to advance the state of the art for the intelligence production and analysis. The applicant will also have the opportunity to perform independent research and development. Conducts research in artificial intelligence (AI)/machine learning, and prototypes advanced machine learning and deep learning techniques to stretch the capability of autonomous systems research and development programs. Defines, develops, and delivers novel mathematical and statistical modeling and algorithm development to tackle the challenges of prediction, optimization, and classification.
          Self-driving Cars to be Tested in Arkansas      Cache   Translate Page      
The Arkansas Legislature has approved a bill that allows pilot programs to test fully autonomous vehicles on state roads.
          LaneAxis and DAV Network Partner with XYO to Eliminate Middlemen, Capture Rich Data for Transportation and Logistics Applications      Cache   Translate Page      
Partnerships to Improve Capacity Planning, Improve Autonomous Vehicle Traffic and More SAN DIEGO — (BUSINESS WIRE) — March …
          Caretaker government can appoint Intelligence Ombudsman, justice chancellor says      Cache   Translate Page      

Finland's Chancellor of Justice, Tuomas Pöysti, said on Tuesday that the caretaker government currently running the country can appoint the new post of Intelligence Ombudsman.

Prime Minister Juha Sipilä unexpectedly dissolved his government last Friday, but at the request of the president, his coalition will continue as a caretaker government until 14 April, when parliamentary elections are held.

In this role, ministers will continue to handle the day-to-day matters of running the state, but with a diminished mandate.

The justice ministry's administrative director, Olli Muttilainen, said last week if the caretaker government cannot carry out the appointment, it will likely fall on the next government to do it, saying at the time it would likely be a "relatively long delay." Government formation talks typically take a couple of months.

However, following Pöysti's approval of the caretaker government making the appointment, it is expected the post will be filled during March.

Lawmakers approved on Monday two bills which will enhance the surveillance capabilities of military and civil intelligence agencies.

Role of the Intelligence Ombudsman

Finland's first intelligence ombudsman will be named sometime this month, according to the justice ministry. Applicants to be interviewed for the post have been selected.

The new position will be attached to the office of the data protection ombudsman, but independent and autonomous.

The intelligence ombudsman will be responsible for monitoring the activities of intelligence and surveillance agencies and to protect basic human rights.

Last week parliament's constitutional law committee recommended Kimmo Hakonen, general secretary of the Chancellor of Justice's office management, for the new post.

In addition to the new ombudsman's post, an intelligence supervisory committee consisting of 11 members is also being set up by the caretaker cabinet.

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Associate Professor Dr Siouxsie Wiles on how forgetting memories may take more mental effort than continuing to remember them. Also the new study suggesting autonomous driving systems may have more difficulty detecting pedestrians with dark skin than those with light skin, and what researchers have discovered about the largest known mass child sacrifice, and llama sacrifice, in Peru in the 15th century.
          Politics, Governance, and Zigzags of the “Power Vertical”: Toward a Framework for Analysis of Russia's Local Regimes      Cache   Translate Page      

In the wake of multiple political and economic transformations in the 1990s and the 2000s, new patterns of subnational politics and governance emerged across Russia’s regions and large cities in the form of local regimes. These patterns could be analyzed through the theoretical and comparative lenses of international research on the subject. I argue that the major changes of local regimes in Russia’s regions and large cities – unlike those analyzed in the literature on American and European sub-national politics and governance – are heavily affected by structural factors such as trends of local as well as national economic development. Also, major political and institutional changes in Russia and, especially, the process of cooptation of previously semi-autonomous local regimes into the hierarchy of the "power vertical" during the wave of re-centralization of politics and governance in the 2000s led to the emergence of the dual model of sub-national governance, which combines some featured characteristics of subnational authoritarianism and crony capitalism that partly resembles developmental trends in some Third World countries as well as late-Soviet practices of territorial politics and governance.

          This Business Strengthens Christian Schools Nationwide—Without Help From Uncle Sam      Cache   Translate Page      

Dr. John Scheel has the heart of a pastor, the spirit of a servant leader and the expertise of more than four decades of educational administration. Accrediting Commission International (ACI,, which he founded 29 years ago, bears the marks of all three. ACI's mission statement highlights the organization's purpose in helping non-government regulated schools, colleges and theological seminaries improve their educational processes "one institution at a time."

'To Make Their School Stronger'

Dr. Scheel has an even more personal way of explaining ACI's purpose. The organization exists, he said, "to help the Christian or religious school for accreditation, which means that they are looked at by a third-party representative for constructive criticism, for help, to make their school stronger and to make a strong network between Christian or religious schools and colleges." ACI strives to help these schools "do things in a more formidable way and at the same time retain their integrity."

The need for an organization like ACI, Scheel said, arises out of the fact that many states do not regulate Bible colleges.

"They're free and autonomous, and that's good," he said. "But where we come into play is we help those schools ... to make them stronger and better at what they do."

For the past 52 years, Scheel has served Lighthouse Pentecostal Church in Beebe, Arkansas, first as founding pastor and then as bishop. His church, which is completely separate from ACI, sponsors both a school and a Bible college. Although these schools are now accredited by ACI (with someone other than Scheel doing the required inspections), Scheel, who received his doctorate in Christian education, said accreditation by a previous organization "sowed the seed" for his founding of ACI. Even before his church had a school, Scheel's teaching experience in other Christian institutions helped him notice something was missing.

"A lot of schools do a good job of teaching, but they have poor administration skills because they've never been taught how to print transcripts, or how to make them, or how to file for students," he said. "We exist as a service organization to help them reach those goals."

In addition to accrediting schools, ACI offers teacher certification. Although teachers need not be ACI-certified for the school to receive accreditation, "we do recommend that a school certify its teachers," says the ACI website. Not to be confused with state teacher certification, ACI certification is "a vehicle to let our members know a teacher is qualified in a certain field to teach subjects for our membership. Administrators may also be certified."

To pursue certification, teachers must furnish a request letter from the member school along with a resume. If they have attended official classes in their field at a college, they must also furnish a transcript of credits and a copy of their degree.

'No Government Ties'

Whether certifying teachers or accrediting schools, ACI emphasizes and supports private religious education. The organization effectively fills the accreditation gap for private religious schools because it "does not allow the schools to take federal funding or state funding of any kind," Scheel said.

And this factor makes ACI unique.

"We only accredit religious schools, religious-centered schools and nongovernment-regulated schools," Scheel said. "You can't be on the U.S. government list [of accredited schools] if you don't accept federal funding. ... And that's one of our rules and regulations. If a school is going to take federal funding or government funding of any kind—because we're not just in the United States—then we don't accredit them. They have to be autonomous religious schools."

Because ACI only works with schools that don't accept government funds, Scheel said, "It's just like the book of Daniel—when Daniel and his friends refused to eat the king's meat—because we're very firm in private Christian education, and we don't have anything to hide." He added, "We are the largest accrediting organization that has no government ties. As far as I know, we're the largest in the world."

Although ACI only accredits faith-based schools, the organization itself has no statement of faith. This frees ACI to accredit all sorts of religious schools, from charismatic to Catholic and beyond, Scheel said. However, the organization makes sure each school it accredits presents its own statement of faith publicly "so a student or potential student does not err," he said. "They're getting the religious education they think they're going to get. That's one of our requirements."

In addition, ACI intentionally keeps itself free from denominationalism. The organization "looks at it from an educational standpoint. ... We make sure that the schools don't deceive the public," Scheel said. "We don't want somebody spending their money and finding out they're in a Calvinist school when they thought they were in an Armenian school. ... It is very important to us that the student knows what they're getting into."

Even a good school whose doctrine doesn't match a student's beliefs could prove problematic, Scheel said. So ACI's accreditation standards include a readily available statement of faith for each school.

'Accountability and Oversight'

ACI has accredited more than 500 schools in its 29 years of existence, Dr. Scheel said. At present, 230 schools, including international schools, have active ACI accreditation, and most of these are Bible colleges.

"Out of the 230, we probably have 15 or 20 schools that have kindergarten through 12th grade," he said. "And then we have a few adult high school programs, where people go back to school and get their high school diploma."

Accreditation by ACI has proven value, Scheel added.

"A number of private enterprises and large businesses have taken our accreditation to give scholarships to employees' children and to employees as well," he said.

Scheel mentioned Chrysler Corp. as one of those companies. ACI has also seen schools grow because of their ACI accreditation status, he said. He also noted, "We shine with the military." With some schools, he said, "if a military member is taking courses and they get deployed, they would lose credits if they left in the middle of the semester." But because all ACI schools accept each other's credits, a deployed student can continue via extension with no loss of credit.

Rev. Steve Baran, president of the National Christian Counselors Association, also spoke to the value of ACI accreditation: "Organizations need accountability and oversight to assure and ensure that the organization carries out its mission in a professional and ethical manner. As a faith-based organization, freely sharing our faith as we equip those called to the ministry of counseling, is our No. 1 priority. ACI grants us that freedom to continue to freely share the gospel with others while maintaining accountability and oversight of our organization."

Another facet of ACI's success, Scheel believes, comes from its annual conference, which gives educational professionals from ACI schools "a chance to network with other schools that are trying to do the same thing," he said. "We usually have 50 to 65 college and school administrators who come." At the conference, these professionals are "just bubbling over with joy getting to meet the other people who have small schools like theirs."

In addition to encouragement and networking, the conference provides instruction, with topics based on the conference evaluations from the previous year, and the encouragement and insights of a top motivational speaker.

'Check for Safeguards'

So how does a school receive ACI accreditation? First, an administrator sends an email with the name of the school, number of students, mailing address, telephone number and email. Upon receipt, ACI will send a packet containing an application and other information needed to begin the process. Once ACI receives and approves the application, Dr. Scheel said the school "will receive a candidate status," which expires in six months. During that period, ACI requires an on-site inspection.

The inspection is detailed, as any reputable accreditation process is.

"We go in and actually look at their curriculum, what they use and how they evaluate it," Scheel said. "Some courses are practicums or clinicals, where they work with a pastor or mentor, but we ensure that there's some way the individual student is evaluated. Most of the time, of course, it's a test."

ACI, Scheel said, checks the work students are required to do. The inspector looks at the curriculum and compares it to what other similar schools use. This also, he said, gives ACI a way to recommend curriculum to schools that need help.

An important part of the on-site inspection, Scheel said, is to "check for safeguards to see that they're doing everything they can to prevent plagiarism or cheating."

This also applies to the growing number of schools that offer online education. In this area, ACI was ahead of its time.

"We have always, if they've met the criteria, allowed online or correspondence schools, and people criticized us. ... And now if there's a state college anywhere that does not offer online courses, I don't know about it," he said of the proliferation of such schools.

For a correspondence or online school to receive ACI certification, "We require proctors when they test." However, he adds, "there are some very wicked, crooked people who work in religious education, and we call that, too, when we catch it."

As a part of this check, ACI looks into "a school's reputation with the public. We make sure they're not just a boilerplate diploma mill that takes money and gives degrees. When we do the on-site inspection, we check to see if the amount of work required is worthy of the credit given."

'Not in It to Make Money'

Although ACI looks at the physical aspects of the school campus, the organization's primary focus is educational outcome.

"We don't deal with sports—some of our schools have them, and that's OK," he said. "Basic safety, we check on. Our K-12 schools are required to have background checks on their teachers. We look for basic fire safety ... that's part of the site visit. And we check to see if they're financially solvent for the size school they have and what they're doing."

But what about the accreditation fee?

"The cost is minimal for the schools," Scheel explained. "Even for the on-site inspections, the school must pay for only one person's travel expenses." ACI absorbs the cost of any additional team members. "Because that's what ACI is: It's a service organization. We're not in it to make money."

Of course, not every school receives full accreditation. But ACI's staged process helps schools that are serious about meeting the standards to do so.

"If it's not just utterly ridiculous, they get a Provisional Accredited status, which means there are certain things they've got to remedy," he said. "We give them six months to make an effort," communicating with the school throughout this time to help them meet the standards. They can renew this provisional status three times "as long as there's good progress being made."

Once the standards are met, ACI grants accredited Member status, which most of its schools have. But after the school has been ACI accredited for 10 years and has had two on-site visits and up-to-date annual reports, it earns Comprehensive status.

And ACI has a final status for a select few schools that have done extremely well: Comprehensive Member With Honor. Scheel says of the 230 schools currently accredited through ACI, only 15 or so have earned this distinctive status.

Looking to the future, Scheel believes "there's really an onslaught against religious education—or anything religious, anymore. And ACI will give us strength and a voice to speak up, by having the strength that there is in numbers."

As he sees it, the bottom line is that "we all strive to make every school better. Our motto is 'the good better and the better best.'" {eoa}

Marti Pieper is copy editor and assistant online editor at Charisma Media.

          Autonomous Chevy Bolt EV Finds New Home At Henry Ford Museum      Cache   Translate Page      
Autonomous Chevrolet Bolt EV Prototype
It joins other innovative vehicles such as Henry Ford’s 1896 Quadricycle.
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GM Cruise AV self-driving car
The new hires come as Cruise prepares to launch its autonomous ride-sharing service.
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Widespread use of autonomous vehicles (AVs) could either massively increase or drastically cut greenhouse gas emissions depending, in large part, on public policy, according to new research. - Source:
          Kazakhstan releases Xinjiang rights activist to house arrest      Cache   Translate Page      
Astana, Kazakhstan (AFP) March 11, 2019
An activist arrested following a relentless campaign for victims of China's repression in Xinjiang was released Monday by a Kazakh court to house arrest pending trial, his lawyer told AFP. Serikjan Bilash, who has led an awareness drive centred on ethnic Kazakh victims of China's crackdown in the region, was arrested in Kazakhstan's largest city, Almaty, and flown to the capital Astana on S
          METALLICA Sets Attendance Record At Indianapolis's Bankers Life Fieldhouse      Cache   Translate Page      
According to, METALLICA's March 11 concert at Bankers Life Fieldhouse in Indianapolis, Indiana shattered the venue's attendance record with a crowd of 18,274 fans on hand. The previous record was held by Billy Joel, who drew 16,594 fans in 2017. Bankers Life Fieldhouse hosts more than 550 events a year, with more than 1.7 million visitors. METALLICA has performed three times at the venue, in 2004, 2009 and 2019. The METALLICA show was staged in the round, with one square stage in the center of the arena floor, and a chair-free floor filled with fans. The second North American leg of METALLICA's "WorldWired" features a few firsts, including a "Light It Up" pre-show party hosted by the band's friend, comedian Jim Breuer; and a "Wherever I May Roam Black Ticket" that gives a limited number of fans floor access to any show on the tour. The "WorldWired" set and stage design, designed by the show's director, Dan Braun, features an immersive concert experience with a 44' x 44' square main-stage equipped with several prop lifts located in the center of the arena. The "WorldWired" show features the touring industry's first autonomous indoor drone swarm, with 99 micro drones dancing like fireflies for the song "Moth Into Flame".
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This undated conceptual drawing provided by tvs design/Design Las Vegas and The Boring Company shows the entrance to the Las Vegas Convention Center Loop outside a new exhibition hall proposed for Las Vegas. Entrepreneur Elon Musk's dream of a tunnel transit system may finally become a reality in Las Vegas. Tourism officials in Sin City announced Wednesday, March 6, 2019, they might soon grant him a contract to build and operate a mile-and-a-quarter-long project with autonomous electric vehicles to move people around a mega convention center. (tvs design/Design Las Vegas/The Boring Company via AP)

Vegas tourism board OKs transit system talks with Musk firm

          AP SSC Results 2019 Andhra Pradesh SSC 10th Class Results 2019 Manabadi SSC Results      Cache   Translate Page      

AP tenth/SSC Results March 2019 – Check @  bse.Ap.Gov.In

AP tenth/SSC Results 2019:  AP Manabadi SSC Score 2019: Board of Secondary Education Andhra Pradesh AP SSC Score 2019 launches on April 29, 2019. Students who appeared in the SSC exam download their results BSEAP 2019 SSC's official website, ie bse.ap. This year about 07 lakh students appeared on the exam. The board has conducted between March 15 and March 29, 2019. Students review the results of the 2019 SSC Board AP online via the link under the SSC investigation conducted by Andhra Pradesh. Therefore you can always contact us for more information about the result of the Manabadi SSC 2019.

AP SSC result 2019

Recent updates: it is good news for students of 10th grade Andhra Pradesh. As the Complaint Secondary Education, AP AP will release SSC result 2019 on April 29, 2019. Candidates can review their Andhra Pradesh SSC result 2019 Manabadi official website, ie

About the AP Board: AP's board is recognized as BSEAP. It is abbreviated as the Board of Secondary Education, Andhra Pradesh. The board is also known as the State Audit Directorate. The board emerged in 1953 and works as a dependent Department of Education autonomous institution. Performs SSC and Intermediate exams every year in the state. There are many schools affiliated with the board. The main task of the Board is to improve the education system throughout the state. This year, the board will publish the AP 10º result 2019 on April 29, 2019.

Result 2019 of the SSC of Andhra Pradesh:

Andhra Pradesh's Board of Secondary Education held the tenth board exam from March 15 to March 29, 2019. The department will publish the 2019 Manabadi SSC on the official website, ie, Candidates can check the AP SSC, 2019 Name Wise result of the official portal

AP 10th/SSC Results March 2019– Check @  bse.Ap.Gov.In:

AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th Class Results 2018

Steps to test the AP SSC Results 2019:
  •     Candidates log onto the authentic internet site @ bse.Ap.Gov.In
  •     Home web page will be displayed.
  •     Click on the AP SSC Results March 2019 hyperlink.
  •     Results web web page can be displayed.
  •     Enter Hall price ticket variety and click on the put up option.
  •     Results can be appear on the screen.
  •     Candidates can test it.

AP SSC Result 2019, Manabadi SSC Result 2019 AP

The students of the Andhra Pradesh Secondary Board will announce the APC SSC result for 2019 on April 29, 2019. Students of the Andhra Pradesh Board will announce the AP 2019 AP of Manabadi on the official website, that is, Therefore, it is suggested that students have patience and stay seated until the tenth APC 2019 executive committee official announcement. Candidates who are faced with some kind of problem in verifying the 2019 result of the SSC of the AP card can perform the below steps.

How will AP Board SSC result 2019 Manabadi?
Students classifying every problem in the Manabadi SSC Score 2019 online download can check the steps below.

First, candidates must visit the official website, ie
On the start page, look for the link AP SSC Result 2019 and click on it.
Enter all required details like name, roll number, sob.
Now press the send icon.
His 2019 result of the Manabadi SSC is displayed on his screen.
Get an impression of the AP SSC 2019 score for future reference.
Important links:
  1.  Check Here  AP 10th Class Results 2019

AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class Results 2019

 AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019

AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019

AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019 Now it is time to keep your fingers cross, AP SSC Results 2019 announced on Tuesday, May 10, 2019, at 11:00. so dear students only stay connected with us today your hard word result will be in front of you. AP Executive updated the 10th Result 2019 on the official website at and then we will update on this page. They can all your AP Board 10th Result 2019 role not wise fashion names.

AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019

AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019 Now it is time to keep your fingers cross, AP SSC Results 2019 On Tuesday, May 10, 2019 so dear students are visiting with us today will be announced your hard word Result , will be in front of you. AP Executive updated the 10th Result  on the official website at and then we will update on this page. They can all your AP Board 10th Result 2019 role not wise fashion names.AP SSC Results 2019, AP Board 10th Result 2019, AP Board SSC Results 2019: Those who are looking for the AP SSC result 2019 can review the official website. However, the official date has not been announced by the Board, but our team will retain the updates of the AP Board SSC Result 2019 as soon as announced by the Education Committee.

AP SSC Result 2019: Directorate Governmental Investigation Popularly known as the Board of Secondary (SSC). Andhra Pradesh's Board of Secondary Education (AP SSC) is the famous Board of Education, which was founded in 1953 for providing the best educational environment for the secondary education. Directorate of Governmental Investigation is an independent department that works under the Ministry of Secondary Education.

AP SSC Results 2019Date:

AP SSC Results 2019 The board of directors is located in Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh. The process of the AP-SSC audit is also carried out through the various regional offices located in the respective part of the state. The main intention of the board is to provide a fine education in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

AP 10th Results 2019: - Every year there are about 13.34 Lakhs students who appear for the annual exam and 3.34 Lakh students appear for the extended complementary exams. The result of AP SSC is generally declared in the month of May. Last year, the results of AP SSC were declared on May 17, so the expected date for the results of AP SSC 2019 may be the same day or may be announced one or two days before the last year.

AP 10th class result 2019

Since the correct date for the AP SSC 2019 result has not been declared by the Board of Education, all applicants can go through the official website and review the updates for the AP 10th Results 2019. The official website for the AP SSC Board is www please go through and check the updates.

AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019

AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019

 AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019 AP Board as Andhra Pradesh Board of Secondary Education will announce the SSC Board examination in March 2019. The result students who all wait presented in exam room during the annual audits on the results.

As you all know that your SSC exam results was completed in the month of March. After examination, it is about 2-3 months for a result very important move result for the students because afer the SSC level students is over for the further studies.

  • http://www.results-halltickets.COM

  • AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019 Click here

    AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019
    AP Andhra Pradesh SSC / 10th class results 2019
    AP-Voter TS-Sadarem TSTWREIS
    AP-Voter Encumbrance Ts pension

     AP SSC Result 2019, Mark Result 2019 from Manabadi SSC  

    AP SSC Results 2019 Manabadi - Click here

    Results of the 10th AP 2019 

    Andhra Pradesh Board of Education X-Class students will be notified that their tenth Board of Directors 2019 result will be sent on April 29, 2019. The SSC exam will take place in March 2019 The Board of Directors has taken special care to evaluate the examination documents so that nobody suffers.

    AP SSC Results 2019 Name Wise

    As we know, you are looking forward to seeing the results of the APC SSC SSC in 2019. Now your wait is finally over. Bseap will launch AP SSC 2019 on Sunday, April 29, 2019. Students will also be able to view their Manabadi SSC Score 2019 Name Wise on the official portal.

    Result of the SSB of Manabadi 2019 AP

    Here in the previous section we mentioned all the details regarding the SSB 2019 result from Manabadi. The Andhra Pradesh Secondary Board of Education will announce the AP SSC's online results on April 29, 2019. Students can verify the outcome of the AP Board SSC 2019 from the official website, ie bse, If you have any questions or difficulties looking for a 10th AP 2019 Board Result, you can leave a comment here. We're here to help. Good luck guys for your Manabadi SSC result in 2019.

    The result after AP SSC 2019 to review the 2019 outcome of the Manabadi SSC on April 29, 2019 first appeared in the results of CBSE 2019.

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    Official: to further strengthen the medical and health programs and medical advertisements notification of new network of national broadcast management – in the press and Publication Administration on Further Strengthening the management of medical and health programs and broadcast medical advertising agency issued 2016 new No. 156 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the […]
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    Xinjiang Tian and former party secretary Chen Yuanhua and other 2 people were expelled from the party and the public – Beijing Xinjiang Tian and former party secretary Chen Yuanhua serious violation was expelled from the party and the public according to the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region discipline news: Recently, approved by the Xinjiang Uygur […]
              Villagers mistakenly hunting companions when wild boar wounded 5 people were      Cache   Translate Page      
    Villagers hunting companions mistakenly wounded when the boar was 5 people were investigated for the original title: Villagers hunting companions mistakenly when the boar injured 5 people have been seized on the investigation of gunpowder gun. Yang Yong photo Beijing, Mianyang, September 19, (Yang Yongruan’s constant) Sichuan Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County town residents Qu Wang […]
              29 provinces and municipalities toll road bill money are used where – Sohu news-sopor aeternus      Cache   Translate Page      
    29 provinces and municipalities toll road bill money are used where? Sohu news 29 provinces sun toll road "bill" the highest income Guangdong 19, Beijing, Hebei, Guangdong, Xinjiang and other 29 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government announced the annual provincial highway statistics bulletin. Reporters access to the results of the […]
              Media public servants should read the upgraded version of the Prohibition connotation of news – Sohu-rewrite攻略�      Cache   Translate Page      
    Media: public servants should read the upgraded version of the "Prohibition" connotation of Sohu news Legal Daily News September 30th, recently, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region issued regulations requiring all public service in the autonomous region within the scope of the reception will be prohibited from drinking alcohol, special needs should be reported to the […]
              Entry Level Outside Sales - Area Manager - CCP Industries - Cheyenne, WY      Cache   Translate Page      
    Job Description: ENTRY LEVEL OUTSIDE SALES If you have an entrepreneurial spirit and want the day-to-day freedom of working autonomously, outside sales may be... $36,000 a year
    From CCP Industries - Fri, 12 Oct 2018 10:30:46 GMT - View all Cheyenne, WY jobs
              Hubei cracked together to do a large number of POS machines to send credit card fraud case roxane hayward      Cache   Translate Page      
    Hubei cracked POS machine to send large amounts of credit card fraud case series – Beijing, Xinhua news agency, Wuhan August 26th news (reporter Tan Yuanbin) reporter 26 from Hubei Province, Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture Jianshi County Public Security Bureau, Jianshi police successfully cracked POS machine card fraud case series large letter, arresting […]
              Hou Jianguo served as Deputy Secretary of the the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Party committee,      Cache   Translate Page      
    Hou Jianguo was appointed deputy party secretary of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Li Ke another appointment – Guangxi Beijing News – Guangxi daily news central approval, comrade Hou Jianguo the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Party committee, standing committee, deputy secretary, office Comrade Li Ke from the the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Party committee, deputy […]
              Materials Provisions on the performance appraisal of firearms and ammunition involved in public secu      Cache   Translate Page      
    Data: the public security organs involved in the performance appraisal provisions of firearms and ammunition Sohu News Ministry of public security on the public security organs issued "Regulations" involving firearms and ammunition performance appraisal work to inform the public and pass the word no. [2010]67 of the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the […]
              A Strategy of Robust Control for the Dynamics of an Unmanned Surface Vehicle under Marine Waves and Currents      Cache   Translate Page      
    This work addresses one of the most common problems for mobile robotics (autonomous navigation) but is applied to the dynamical model of a catamaran of small dimensions for monitoring and data acquisition applications. In this work, we present the study of the dynamics of a USV (Unmanned Surface Vehicle) under the presence of two simulated environmental perturbations: marine induced waves and currents. The mathematical model of the vehicle is studied and the equations that describe the behavior of environmental perturbations are also described. A numerical simulation of the model considering the effects of these perturbations is carried out in three degrees of freedom. Also, a strategy of robust control-based Sliding Mode Control (SMC) is developed for counteracting the effects of the perturbations over the trajectory of the USV.
              Senior Card Services Fraud Analyst      Cache   Translate Page      
    CA-Anaheim, POSITION SUMMARY: Under the direction of Card Services management, the Senior Card Services Fraud Analyst autonomously monitors real-time card portfolio activity and takes appropriate action utilizing complex fraud detection applications to build card transaction queries to detect fraud and fraud trends. Interprets the data analysis to write and implement targeted SQL fraud prevention strategy bus
              CARE ASSISTANT      Cache   Translate Page      
    LOVE TO CARE Agency Carer rates : 8.20 to 9.20 per hour (enhanced rates for weekends and bank holidays) ( paid weekly ). Are you tired of regular 9 to 5 jobs? Are you looking for a job that is rewarding as well as flexible? Are you a loving and caring person that puts other people first? Why not consider care work? As we all know that helping someone in need by making their lives a little bit easier can really gain a sense of personal achievement. At Love To Care Agency Ltd, we love helping those who love to help others find a job doing what they love AND earn. If you think you are ready to become a carer, supportworker contact us right now. AND START TO EAR TODAY THERES NO LIMIT AS TO HOW MUCH YOU CAN EARN PER WEEK Flexible work for Carers / HCAs / Support Workers, full or part time roles, work when you want to work , DAYS or NIGHTS!!!! MAIN RESPONSIBILITIES : Provide person-centred care to a range of vulnerable individuals across various settings. Assist with mobility, moving and handling and promoting independence Assist in the delivery of care to meet individual’s health and wellbeing needs. Provide and receive complex, sensitive or contentious information. Develop own knowledge and skills and that of others. Promote best practices as a Carer / Care Assistant in health and safety and security. Assist in maintaining and developing services. Contribute to quality improvement. Promote peoples equality, diversity and rights. Work autonomously with minimum supervision. Applying your experience and reasoning skills to a range of complex and varied patient case mixes. BENEFITS : Outstanding Rates of Pay as a Carer / Care Assistant / Support Worker Flexible working - work when YOU WANT - you’re in control ! Be part of an elite team of HCAs / Carers / Support Workers Comprehensive and rewarding Annual Training FREE UNIFORM If you have experience working in care as Carer / Care Assistant / Support Worker then click to join the fastest growing Healthcare Organisation in the UK.
              Interim Assistant HR Manager Temporary      Cache   Translate Page      
    Advert Based throughout various locations in Renfrewshire. This post is temporary for approximately 12 months with the possibility of extension. This is a fantastic opportunity to join Renfrewshire Leisure who manage cultural and leisure services on behalf of Renfrewshire Council. Services include gyms, leisure centres, museums, libraries, halls, arts and sports services We are looking for a passionate and proactive individual to join our team. The ideal candidate would be someone who has excellent communications skills and who is willing to go the extra mile to help their colleagues. Reporting to the HR Manager, your role will be to support the end to end employee life cycle in an efficient and customer focused manner through effective administration and assistance on all employee related matters including application of company policies/procedures and accurate input and maintenance of employee information. Duties include: • Accurate processing of all matters relating to Payroll and HR • Responsive support service to managers and employees • Case management and providing advice on HR policies such as absence, disciplinary grievance, maternity, recruitment and data protection, attending meetings as required • Continuous improvement of HR processes and services, always maintaining accuracy and efficiency • Effective prioritisation of tasks within a dynamic environment • Continuous development of HR knowledge, understanding and application This generalist role requires an individual who has strong organisational and planning skills; is flexible; approachable, can use initiative and has the ability to work autonomously as well as being part of a collaborative team. You will be a degree qualified CIPD member or hold extensive equivalent relevant generalist HR experience. With a strong knowledge of HR best practice and employment legislation you will possess excellent organisational skills and be able to prioritise workload accordingly. It is essential candidates possess and HND in Personnel Management (or equivalent), has proven experience in an HR environment, excellent communication and organisational skills, a track record in achieving timescales/targets and a wide range of practical experience in dealing with employee relation issues. Proficiency in Microsoft packages, namely Word, Outlook, Excel and Powerpoint is also essential. Experience in providing a customer focused HR service and experience of Payroll/HR electronic systems and effective absence management would be an advantage. This post is subject to job evaluation. For a full list of the specific duties, essential qualifications, skills and experience and to apply, please visit -us/vacancies Closing Date - Wednesday 13 March 2019
              After defeating Islamic State, Syrian Kurds eye political battle      Cache   Translate Page      
    QAMISHLI, Syria: Syrian Kurdish authorities that led the fight against Islamic State are prepping for their next battle: a political struggle to win international recognition for their autonomous region and aid to help it recover from the war. Islamic State's territorial defeat in Syria marks a ...
              What’s Going On?      Cache   Translate Page      
    What’s Going On? – Bella’s monthly what’s on guide to political events and radical happenings (because The List and The Skinny don’t). This week we feature the biggest School Strike in Scotland, Save Leith Walk update and hustings, Gilets Jaunes: Meet the Left Activists from the Autonomous Centre, a CommonSpace Forum event on food, poverty […]
              For US religious freedom ambassador, concerns remain on Vatican-China deal      Cache   Translate Page      

    Hong Kong, China, Mar 12, 2019 / 03:39 am (CNA).- The Vatican’s deal with China on the appointment of bishops has not changed the government’s abuse of Catholics and sets a bad precedent for government interference with other religions, including Tibetan Buddhism, said the U.S. ambassador-at-large for International Religious Freedom.

    “Since this provisional deal was announced last year, the Chinese government’s abuse of members of Catholic communities has continued. We see no signs that will change in the near future,” Ambassador Sam Brownback said in March 8 remarks to the Foreign Correspondents Club in Hong Kong, China.

    His speech was part of a two-day forum on religious freedom, jointly sponsored by Taiwan and the U.S., Agence France Presse reports.

    Authorities in Henan province have banned anyone under 18 from going into church to attend Mass, he said. Throughout China in the last year, government officials have forcibly closed hundreds of unregistered churches, both Protestant house churches and “underground” Catholic communities, Brownback said. He added that officials in Zhejiang province are destroying crosses and churches and pressuring Christians to renounce their faith.

    Dozens of Catholic bishop positions are unfilled at present.

    In September the Catholic Church reached a provisional agreement with the Chinese government regarding bishop appointments that reportedly allows the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association to choose a slate of nominees for bishop.

    “Therefore, the power to select the leaders of the Catholic Church in China rests partially with the Chinese Communist Party, which likely results in only individuals whom the Party deems loyal to its interests being put forth to the Vatican,” Brownback said.

    “Members of the Catholic community, such as Hong Kong’s Cardinal Joseph Zen, who members of the audience here know, courageously and vehemently opposed this deal,” said the ambassador.

    Cardinal Fernando Filoni, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, has rejected any depiction of the deal as a “unilateral sacrifice” that demands nothing of leaders long associated with China’s official Catholic organization.

    “It is not about establishing who wins or who loses, who is right or wrong,” he told the Vatican newspaper L’Osservatore Romano, voicing hope that he would not hear of local situations where Chinese officials exploit the agreement to go beyond its terms.

    Brownback said the Chinese government “continues to violate the sacred right to religious freedom that is in its Constitution and also enshrined in the UN Declaration of Human rights.” He cited the United States’ designation of China as a “Country of Particular Concern” since 1999 due to its engagement in or tolerance of “particularly severe violations of religious freedom.”

    His speech drew a response from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, which called it a “malicious attack and slander on China’s religious policies,” Agence France Presse reports. The ministry added: “we ask the U.S. to respect the facts, stop the arrogance and prejudice and cease using religious issues to interfere in China’s internal affairs.”

    “We remain concerned about the precedent this deal sets for the Chinese Communist Party’s perceived authority in interfering in the selection of other religious leaders, such as preeminent Tibetan Buddhist lamas like His Holiness the Dalai Lama,” said Brownback.

    The Chinese government’s interference in the succession of Tibetan spiritual leaders includes its 1995 abduction of the 11th Panchen Lama, then six years old, and his parents. It is unknown whether he is still alive.

    “We call upon the Chinese government to release immediately the Tibetan-recognized Panchen Lama or share the truth about his fate with the world,” said Brownback. “We do not accept the Chinese government’s often repeated explanation that he is studying and does not want to be disturbed.”

    “The international community must make clear now that we believe that members of the Tibetan communities, like members of all faith communities, should be able to select, educate, and venerate their religious leaders without government interference,” he said.

    Brownback cited aggressive interference in Tibetan Buddhist practices and Tibetan culture. Government restrictions on monks and lay people hinder pilgrimages. Authorities appoint communists to head monasteries and ban children from religious activities. Thousands of Buddhist monks and nuns have been evicted, and their monasteries demolished. Monks and nuns are forced to take political reeducation in state ideology and to denounce the Dalai Lama.

    The government bans the picture of the Dalai Lama and his teachings, and it arrests those who openly revere him, said the ambassador, who added that this record indicates China’s government will likely interfere with the selection of the next Dalai Lama.

    China’s government has also increased the repression of other Christians, including the detention of hundreds of members of the largest Protestant home church, Early Rain Covenant Church in Chengdu in Sichuan Province. Twelve people are still detained and their whereabouts are unknown.

    On Good Friday 2018, officials began to enforce a ban on online sales of the Bible.

    Brownback criticized efforts to control “countless” religious groups, often along ethnic lines, through “religious affairs regulations.” These, in addition to “the destruction of houses of worship, the unlawful imprisonment of religious leaders, and actions to ruthlessly silence any forms of constructive dissent,” show the Chinese government’s disregard for human dignity, the ambassador charged.

    China’s treatment of Uighur Muslims in the far western Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region also drew criticism from Brownback, who said Chinese authorities have arbitrarily detained Muslim minorities in internment camps for practices like having a beard, wearing a veil, attending religious services, observing Ramadan, or praying. Travel is restricted, and parents are not allowed to give their children common Muslim names.

    More than one million ethnic Muslims have been detained, according to U.N. figures.

    The ambassador rejected Chinese government claims that the camps are vocational training centers, charging that they are “internment camps created to wipe out the cultural and religious identity of minority communities.” Internment is often based on cultural or religious identity. Detention is indefinite, and internees are subjected to “physical and psychological torture, intense political indoctrination, and forced labor,” he charged.

    He also mentioned Falun Gong, saying its practitioners are detained in the thousands, with some tortured. At least 69 practitioners died in custody or due to injuries sustained in custody in 2018, the group estimated. The group has faced government action for over 20 years. Some practitioners appear to be missing.

    Brownback cited allegations that the Chinese government forcibly harvests organs from people imprisoned due to their faith or religious practice, including in the case of Falun Gong practitioners and Uighur Muslims.

    The U.S. backs “religious freedom for all,” Brownback told his audience, and is pursuing “a simple but important dream: that one day all peoples around the world will be able to worship freely and believe what they want, just like you can in Hong Kong.”

    The Vatican-China agreement, signed Sept. 22, 2018, is still confidential in nature. But as one effect of the agreement, the Holy See recognized seven illicitly consecrated Chinese bishops and entrusted them with the leadership of Chinese dioceses.

    At the moment all of China’s bishops have recognition of both the government and the Holy See. Since the deal, no new bishops have yet been appointed to China.


              Spark NZ tests 5G autonomous car      Cache   Translate Page      
    A self-driving car connected to Spark’s trial 5G network is being tested in Auckland’s Innovation Precinct.
              Let’s get it right      Cache   Translate Page      
    Paper: Empathic Autonomous Agents Identifying and resolving conflicts of interests is a key challenge when designing autonomous agents. For example, …

    Continue reading

              MILF’s Ghazali Jaafar passes away; his last public appeal to fellow leaders: “be the unifying forces for our people”      Cache   Translate Page      
    COTABATO CITY (MindaNews / 13 March) – Ghazali Jaafar, 1st Vice Chair of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), newly-appointed member of the Bangsamoro Transition Authority (BTA) and nominated Speaker of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) passed away at 1 a.m. Wednesday in a Davao City hospital. Jaafar, who went through a […]
              Vegas tourism board OKs transit system talks with Musk firm      Cache   Translate Page      
    This undated conceptual drawing provided by tvs design/Design Las Vegas and The Boring Company shows the entrance to the Las Vegas Convention Center Loop outside a new exhibition hall proposed for Las Vegas. Entrepreneur Elon Musk's dream of a tunnel transit system may finally become a reality in Las Vegas. Tourism officials in Sin City announced Wednesday, March 6, 2019, they might soon grant him a contract to build and operate a mile-and-a-quarter-long project with autonomous electric vehicles to move people around a mega convention center. (tvs design/Design Las Vegas/The Boring Company via AP)

    Vegas tourism board OKs transit system talks with Musk firm

              Arm in arm with BARMM      Cache   Translate Page      
      THE people have spoken. By an overwhelming “YES” vote of 1,540,017 as opposed to only 198,750 “NO” votes, the Bangsamoro Organic Law was ratified in plebiscites held last Jan. 21 and Feb. 6. Based on the plebiscites, the new Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) will be composed of five provinces (Maguindanao, Lanao […]
              God's Jellyfish      Cache   Translate Page      
    The energy we are is self consistent. Plastic. Malleable. We direct the energy, yet our bodies and the materials we use maintain integrity. Everything stays in form for us to work with. Words. Arguments. Digressions.

    The Reverence for Life University Ames Language Laboratory introduces people to clear channels. Removing choked pipes. Stating the nature of the energies expression as discovered through science.

    We are the jellyfish of God's consciousness creating the reality, movie, physical orchestration expressed as earth, air, fire, water, ether; experienced as images, tastes, smells, sounds, physical feelings while being manifested from our inner world.

    The Practice gives us our personal orientation as to be the master-maker of our "reality" utilizing in the most efficient ways the powers that are at our beck and call. The energy is self directed and consistent and dependable and our bodies are an amazing instrument for navigation providing us constant bio-feedback both internally and externally, of our process.

    Becoming aware and sensitive to the physical and spiritual guidance as an autonomous, yet full sourced and supported unit of the One Breath-based, Infinite cosmos, plasma, star-dust spiraling, pulsating, vibrating energy of God/Goddess/Source/Spirit/All-That-Is Love!
              U.S. Gen. on AI Ethical Concerns: Military 'Light Years Away from Skynet'      Cache   Translate Page      
    Artificial intelligence (AI) fielded by the United States military is “light years away” from "fully autonomous weapons,” but the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) needs to start thinking about the policy implications of a potential Skynet scenario, a top U.S. general told lawmakers on Tuesday.
              K200 Flatroof with Tipper and Dog 1.34 Mod ATS      Cache   Translate Page      

    The mod consists of a Kenworth K200 truck and a trailer – Fully autonomous model – It is registered starting – Purchase at the Kenworth Motor Show – Multiple chassis – A lot of...

    The post K200 Flatroof with Tipper and Dog 1.34 Mod ATS appeared first on American Truck Simulator Mods.

              Yunnan, Nanjian innovative financial boost poverty to explore the government bear silver Agricultura-sexinse      Cache   Translate Page      
    Yunnan Nanjian financial innovation to boost the exploration of "political agricultural Silver Bear poverty mode" – Beijing, Beijing, Dali, September 9, (Shi Guanglin Chen Jing) reporter learned from the Nanjian 9 national poverty counties in Yunnan province Yi Autonomous County, the county financial innovation as a breakthrough, promote the integration of agricultural lands are Silver […]
              Inner Mongolia ninth when the five Cup National Bicycle Invitational ended – China Network-yuria      Cache   Translate Page      
    Inner Mongolia ninth "five when called Cup National Cycling Invitational ended – Beijing new network in Beijing in September 12, the reporter from the tournament informed, organized by the the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Sports Association, Baotou Sports Federation, Baotou District of Shiguai City Government hosted the Inner Mongolia Department of Liesai station and Inner […]
              Internet plus government service speed – Qinghai channel —      Cache   Translate Page      
    "Internet plus government service" speed – Qinghai channel — original title: "Internet plus government service" speed newspaper in Beijing on 29 September, (reporter Wu Shan) by the end of 2017, the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) people’s government, the relevant departments of the State Council will be the integration of online government service platform, […]
              Stick to the post fighting line – Shanxi Channel – People’s network-dingxiangwuyuetian      Cache   Translate Page      
    Post   fighting line – Shanxi Channel – serving the masses dedicated in every village of the Tibet plateau, 2 thousand xiapa grassroots village cadres who stick to their respective positions, the National Day holiday to dedicate to the villagers. The morning of October 6th, the Tibet Autonomous Region Party Committee Organization Department in […]
              Tibet autumn mountaineering activities end of the year to receive more than 50 foreign      Cache   Translate Page      
    Tibet autumn mountaineering activities ended the year received more than 50 foreign climbers – Beijing, China News Agency, Lhasa, October 25 (reporter Chen Taobin) 25 reporters from the Tibet autonomous region mountaineering management center was informed that this year the Tibet autumn mountaineering activities was 25, all over, received from Britain, Russia, Austria, Australia more […]
              Inner Mongolia fled 32 years murder suspects were arrested when come too fast – in the new network-barcarolle      Cache   Translate Page      
    Inner Mongolia fled 32 years murder suspects were arrested when "come too fast" – Beijing, Beijing, September 25 Wulanchabu electric (Zhang Linhu) "think before I retire, can see this 32 years unsolved cracked." 25, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Siziwangqi Public Security Bureau police old stroked thick dossier, filled with a thousand regrets. In July […]
              Kiwi-made driverless car maker Ohmio collaborates with Spark's 5G innovation lab      Cache   Translate Page      
    Kiwi autonomous vehicle maker Ohmio is testing its new cars using Spark's 5G technology.
              A week of personnel 3 vice provincial level city party secretary adjustment; Tianjin deputy ma rainism      Cache   Translate Page      
    A week of personnel: 3 vice provincial level city party secretary   adjustment; Tianjin deputy mayor checked — local leaders — August 26 Beijing Xinhua (Tang Jiayi) this week, Zhejiang, the the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region provincial government to adjust the leadership positions: Feng Fei, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry of […]
              Army Invites Parties to AI, Robotics Systems Demo for Autonomous Vehicles      Cache   Translate Page      

    The U.S. Army is seeking participants for a technological demonstration in September 2020 at Fort Benning that aims to develop air, water and ground-based virtual platforms for infantry units, Military. com reported Friday.

              Administrator (m/f) Credit & Collections - (Estrangeiro)       Cache   Translate Page      
    Sou uma empresa: Turijobs
    Angel24 is looking for and Adminitrative Credits and Collection for an international client with SAP knowledge. This role carries out the following Back activities: · Performing cash application · Monitoring and Solving incidences · Updating SAP client accounts · Monitoring litigations · Accounting all incoming payments as well as the transfer of cash between companies outside the FSSC. The requirement to apply for this position will be: · Experience between 6 month and 1 year in administration · Works autonomously · Power of Analysis · Teamwork · Client Focused · Fluent in Italian or Potuguese
    Requisitos :
              Bartender (m/f)​ - (Estrangeiro)       Cache   Translate Page      
    Sou uma empresa: Turijobs
    Ibiza Gran Hotel is the only 5* Grand Luxe hotel on the island. With a total of 185 suites, it has exceptional views and exclusive services such as spa, casino, restaurants and pools. ​ Located in one of the most attractive areas of Ibiza, it offers unique experiences to its customers thanks to a completely personalized attention. ​ ​ Due to the beginning of the 2019 season, the hotel needs two Bartenders (m/f) for its F&B department. Their mission will be to execute the service and sale of beverages, complying with the standards and policies established for each situation and using the necessary techniques and instruments, in order to achieve the highest level of quality and profitability.​ - Prepare the point of sale assigned for the correct operation of the service, reviewing materials and products.​ - Prepare and present beverages in view of the client according to the established standards, advising and explaining when required: elaboration of cocktails, fruit juices, smoothies, coffees, infusions, etc.​ - Promote the recommended drinks.​ - Correctly bill all the products served to the customer through the computer system.​ - Perform the necessary cleaning on the surfaces of the different departments.​ - Perform inventories and maintain the stock of beverages according to the established procedures.​
    Requisitos : - Training related to the hospitality industry.​ - Experience of at least 2 years in the position.​ - Fluent level of English and Spanish. Knowledge in other foreign languages will be valued.​ - Capacity for organization, dynamism and tolerance to stress.​ - Communication skills and customer service.​ - Person with enthusiasm and empathy.​ - Ability to work autonomously.​ ​ Necessary knowledge:​ ​ - Use of the MICROS operating system for billing orders.​ - Safety and hygiene regulations.​ - Household, cutlery and crockery: types, cleaning and placement.​ - Upselling techniques.​ - Quality and characteristics of the different wines and alcoholic beverages, procedures to serve, adequate glassware, etc.​ - Food handling techniques.​ - Standards of courtesy and protocol.​ We offer a contract for the 2019 season and for the following seasons. ​
              Autonomous anti poaching drone      Cache   Translate Page      

    Tobias the demand is driven from outside Africa and the money is more than the poachers can make at other jobs. Drones have failed because we tried to bring in drones that were not designed for Africa. Technology has improved enough that a drone designed for Africa may not be feasible and effective. The rangers are fighting a losing battle and are losing this war.

              Autonomous anti poaching drone      Cache   Translate Page      

    I still find the constellation somehow irritating. Instead of addressing the drivers which motivate the local people to go poaching a lot of money is spend to buy or develop military equipment to hunt does people. Even more irritating would it be if the people hunting the locals with hightech are white westerners.

    What would you do if you are to poor to send your children to school and provide a save environment for your family? [1]
    We are lucky that we are living under conditions that we had the chance for a good education and can afford to value biodiversity and animal rights (still not many do that) instead of fighting for our living.

    I think the motives of those people (which are related to secure their basic needs) provide a far better justification for what they are doing than the justification we have for killing and torturing billion animals and destroying nature. If you are not vegan you have a share in a industrial torturing and killing of animals which is morally far less (i.e. not) justifiable and does not bring suffering to thousands but to billions of animals.

    I find it also interesting that although it has been already shown that drones do not perform as good as rangers, it is still the goal to replace a working system which brings employment into the region by a systems which redirects the money towards western companies instead.

    Looking forward for the shitstorm :wink:#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

    I’m looking forward to a report how successful this solution was as well. Are there any reports for the automatic detection towers?

              Senior Solutions Architect -Autonomous Driving - NVIDIA - Santa Clara, CA      Cache   Translate Page      
    Be an internal champion for Deep Learning and HPC among the NVIDIA technical community. Our success has been based on laser-focused industry vertical business...
    From NVIDIA - Sat, 22 Dec 2018 13:57:43 GMT - View all Santa Clara, CA jobs
              Valeo to create 50 jobs in Galway with €44m investment in autonomous vehicle R&D      Cache   Translate Page      
    Automotive supplier Valeo is to invest €44m in a research, development and innovation programme, creating 50 jobs in Tuam, Co Galway.
              Technical Recruiter      Cache   Translate Page      
    OH-Columbus, Anchor Point Technology Resources is aggressively looking for a technical recruiter. The ideal candidate will have the ability to source, identify, screen, and present qualified candidates to our hiring managers. Candidate will have the ability to work with a high sense of urgency and accountability in a fairly autonomous, very fast paced environment. Desirable candidates will be able to easily bu
              Hassia Technician - Conagra Brands - Menomonie, WI      Cache   Translate Page      
    Participate in CPS (ConAgra Performance System), TPM and AMD (Autonomous Manufacturing Development). Conagra Brands has the most energized, highest-impact...
    From Conagra Brands - Mon, 25 Feb 2019 22:23:37 GMT - View all Menomonie, WI jobs
              Hassia Technician - ConAgra Foods - Menomonie, WI      Cache   Translate Page      
    Participate in CPS (ConAgra Performance System), TPM and AMD (Autonomous Manufacturing Development). Conagra Brands has the most energized, highest-impact...
    From ConAgra Foods - Mon, 25 Feb 2019 21:36:35 GMT - View all Menomonie, WI jobs
              Technical Recruiter      Cache   Translate Page      
    OH-Columbus, Anchor Point Technology Resources is aggressively looking for a technical recruiter. The ideal candidate will have the ability to source, identify, screen, and present qualified candidates to our hiring managers. Candidate will have the ability to work with a high sense of urgency and accountability in a fairly autonomous, very fast paced environment. Desirable candidates will be able to easily bu
              DevOps Engineer - Prodigy Labs - Toronto, ON      Cache   Translate Page      
    Prodigy Labs is looking to add a DevOps Engineer. As a DevOps engineer, you will work as part of a small, autonomous team to deliver services for use in both...
    From Prodigy Labs - Fri, 08 Feb 2019 05:07:56 GMT - View all Toronto, ON jobs
              Landscapes of the Northern Tian Shan      Cache   Translate Page      
    The Tian Shan is a mountain system located in Central Asia in the territory of five countries: Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, China (Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region), Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. It is one of the highest mountain systems in the world with more than thirty peaks over 6,000 meters high. Let’s look at the landscapes of the northern […]
              Summer in the Dzungarian Alatau      Cache   Translate Page      
    The Dzungarian Alatau is a mountain range located on the border of the Almaty Region of Kazakhstan and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China, between the Ili River and Lake Alakol. The mountains are named for the nearby desert. The length of this picturesque range is about 450 km, the width varies from 50 […]
              Smart2Go project will create wearables that never need recharging      Cache   Translate Page      
    German company Fraunhofer FEP is leading Smart2Go, a new collaborative project that will involve the development of a flexible power supply for wearable devices under the EU’s Horizon 2020 program. The company anticipates the creation of an ‘autonomous energy-supply platform’ intended to power the growing number of wearable technologies in development, including medical gadgets and trackers. Though the market is … Continue reading
              Spark claims a first in 5G cars      Cache   Translate Page      

    Spark New Zealand partnered with autonomous vehicle technology provider Ohmio Automotion to test what it ...

    The post Spark claims a first in 5G cars appeared first on Mobile World Live.

               Food-focused autonomous robot arm knows how to use the forks       Cache   Translate Page      

    The Assistive Dexterous Arm (ADA) knows how much force to apply to pick up different types ...#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

    Most people wouldn't think twice about the best way to stab a piece of food on their plate, but when viewed through the eyes of a robot this simple action is surprisingly complex. Now, researchers at the University of Washington have developed an autonomous robot arm that can figure out the best way to pick up food of any shape and bring it up to a user's mouth, which should make mealtimes easier for people with limited mobility.

    .. Continue Reading Food-focused autonomous robot arm knows how to use the forks

    Category: Robotics

               Gallery: Concept cars of Geneva 2019 shine LEDs and glowing tires at the future (and past)       Cache   Translate Page      

    Volkswagen ID Buggy#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

    Each March, it's a toss-up as to whether the most impressive part of the Geneva Motor Show is the barrage of crazy, record-smashing hypercars or the deluge of equally crazy, thought-provoking concept cars. This year, we give the edge to the hypercars, but the concept cars aren't far behind. The Geneva 2019 concept car army includes plenty of plug-in electric drive power, some versatile off-road hardware and a restoration of one of the coolest retrofuturistic cars of all time.

    .. Continue Reading Gallery: Concept cars of Geneva 2019 shine LEDs and glowing tires at the future (and past)

    Category: Automotive

              LVCVA Board of Directors Votes to Move Forward with Elon Musk’s Plan to Build Underground People-Mover      Cache   Translate Page      
    LVCVA Board of Directors Votes to Move Forward with Elon Musk's Plan to Build Underground People-MoverThe Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority (LVCVA) Board of Directors today made a monumental decision that will revolutionize Southern Nevada’s transportation. The 14-member Board approved a recommendation to select Elon Musk’s The Boring Company (TBC) to design, construct and operate a people mover for the Las Vegas Convention Center via a loop of underground […]

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    Sunday  March 31st 
    Alexei Goncharenko
     Authors(s):  Ryan Dunch
    Source: History and Theory, Vol.41, No 3. (Oct., 2002), pp. 301-305
    Published by: Blackwell Publishing for Welesyan University

    The author Ryan Dunch obtained a PhD in history at Yale university and also studied in British Columbia and finished his B.A in Asian studies in the Australian National university. Presently he is Chairman of the department of East Asian Studies at the university of Alberta. He had been awarded numerous research grants and also published numerous articles regarding the subject of East-Asia. Although he had finished his M.A in history in classical studies, his concentration subjects revolve mostly around religion in Asia, specifically, China and Tawain.
    To present the subject the Author introduces the meaning of ''Cultural imperialism'' by portraying the problems that this term highlights and hides in the processes of cultural interaction.  He depicts of how this ''cultural imperialism'' term was always associated with the actions of Christian missionaries in the nineteen and twentieth century's in China's and other countries in general.

    He begins by presenting different views from different authors about the term mentioned above and how it is judged and explained in different societies. Analyzing the concept, the author vividly gives us examples of that countries use different methods to influence others and impose their own products to profit  i.e organizations such as in the U.S  influencing with no doubt other kids in foreign countries to listen to Michael Jackson and wear Nike. Others argue that American-derived slogans have everywhere around the world, but this cultural influence does not only originate from there.  Most importantly is that he indicates that because the term culture and imperialism combined together are hard to define, we cannot limit ourselves to one theory of how the west influenced  and imposed on not Western-societies because cultural dominance cannot be calculated by one country's impact on another without examining variables such as implicit coercive forces and the autonomy aspect of the people being ''consciously colonized''. Although it is acknowledgeable that abstract forces like capitalism, industrialization have restructured human society, it is still narrow minded to judge only with such variables, when only certain conditions are applicable in order to influence others, even though the west has wielded a determining influence on global culture.
    In the other sections the author continues his argumentation about ''cultural imperialism'', but this time introducing concepts such as Missionaries, indigenous agents and colonized consciousness are actually methods that were used to propagate western culture.  A couple of authors criticized that the missionary movement had political and economic reasons but at the same time helped establish a modern state, in countries such as India. Some argue that it was with their racist mentalities they imposed by introducing the concept of ''civilization'', thus adding hatred to their reputation. Said argues that it was by pure conversation, that a mental shift was triggered which led to a ''prolitarisation'' of the Tsawan tribe in Africa, which is also known as ''colonized consciousness''. In China's written history it is the missionaries that played a significant role in the country's modernization even though intention were not always good. Then  he continues exposing more arguments about ''cultural imperialism'' and ''cultural exchange regarding the role of missionaries. In the end it is agreeable that the Indigenous populations who were colonized would be a good key in learning the true facet of interaction and cultural exchange that went on for centuries to really understand how one culture influenced another, rather than always considering the fact that one culture was imposed on another.
    I am in agreement with the author regarding the question of ''cultural imperialism'' because we really do have to go beyond the missionary movement to really understand the analysis of cultural interaction around the world.  I find that the offered ''equation'' in the text, is unsatisfactory because it disregards the countries that were acted upon, not explaining their reaction towards imperial influence and envisions the cultural transitions as a product of coercive maneuvers which leads me to look for subjugation or resistance as an answer to the results of ''cultural imperialism'' surrounding the questions of cultural exchange and cultural imposition.  It is not relevant enough, but then again because the west had a yielding industrial and technological advantage, it is not hard for me to agree that they brought most of their influences to countries like China and India which had as much as a positive and a negative effect disregarding the autonomous factor of the actor being influenced. I find the motives to be useless when it comes explaining the truth behind the modernization of countries like China or the Tsawana tributes in Africa. In the context of our class we learned that China looked at the Christian westerns with disdain, but in the end it is the westerner's Christian influence that helped China rise and become a part of modernity. Some theories that were mentioned by the author can be applied explaining China's development, but Cities such as Shanghai were able to develop themselves thanks to an influential Christian communities. The text is itself a critic on the term Cultural imperialism, and the difficulty to define it which produces difficulties regarding the subject of the ''how cultures'' influenced others and disregarding the ''coerce factor''. Nevertheless, I still acknowledge that the west was able to develop and help many retrograded countries at the expense of indigenous people, even if it is hard to examine scrupulously the ''what variables and how variables of the colonized ones''.

              SwiftStack Announces World’s First Multi-Cloud AI/ML Data Management Solution      Cache   Translate Page      

    According to a new press release, “SwiftStack, the leader in multi-cloud data storage and management, today announced a new customer-proven edge-to-core-to-cloud solution that supports large-scale Artificial Intelligence/Machine and Deep Learning (AI/ML/DL) workflows. SwiftStack has recently deployed the new solution stack in two autonomous vehicle use cases. SwiftStack’s AI/ML solution delivers massive storage parallelism and throughput, […]

    The post SwiftStack Announces World’s First Multi-Cloud AI/ML Data Management Solution appeared first on DATAVERSITY.

              Waymo Just Got Into the Sensor Business      Cache   Translate Page      
    Waymo the self driving car segment of Google parent Alphabet NASDAQ GOOGL NASDAQ GOOG is widely considered to be the leader in autonomous driving technology The moon shot project that began in 2009 is now in the earliest stages of monetization having just rolled out
              Waymo's Latest Plan to Make Money Has Nothing to Do With Driverless Cars      Cache   Translate Page      
    Waymo the self driving car company owned by Alphabet NASDAQ GOOG NASDAQ GOOGL has made considerable strides in the autonomous vehicle market lately most notably the launch of its commercial self driving car service late last year But the company has plans to
              Comment on This week’s poll: “killer robots” and AI in warfare by Timothy Murphy      Cache   Translate Page      
    You have to develop it to keep pace but if you push development too hard and frighten your enemies they will spend more to keep up with you. So I personally think it should be done as quietly as possible and shouldn't be bragged about so that it's there if needed and yet it doesn't create too much pressure on the opponent to have an answer. The huge danger really is that autonomous technology is in lots of consumer products right now which lets anyone, including terrorists and opponents cobble together smart weapons. That is a serious problem.
              Comment on This week’s poll: “killer robots” and AI in warfare by 20 Cent      Cache   Translate Page      
    Rather than ban autonomous weapons why not just ban war? Anyone who thinks either will happen is living in a dream. If only those cave men had banned wooden clubs.
              Comment on This week’s poll: “killer robots” and AI in warfare by Robert Jones      Cache   Translate Page      
    Autonomous Weapons Systems breed Autonomous Defence systems. Perhaps we can take Human Casualties out of the equation and settle conflicts by some type of Robotic Chess.
              Vice President, Customer Regional Engineering, Americas - Visteon Corporation - Grace Lake, WY      Cache   Translate Page      
    Visteon is actively developing and testing our DriveCore™ autonomous driving platform, combining hardware and software that is accelerating the adoption of self...
    From Visteon Corporation - Wed, 07 Nov 2018 20:35:59 GMT - View all Grace Lake, WY jobs
              Interaction Designer - Visteon Corporation - Grace Lake, WY      Cache   Translate Page      
    Visteon is actively developing and testing our DriveCore™ autonomous driving platform, combining hardware and software that is accelerating adoption of self...
    From Visteon Corporation - Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:36:25 GMT - View all Grace Lake, WY jobs

    China is running boarding schools not concentration camps in the far western region of Xinjiang, its governor said on Tuesday, as the United States called conditions there “completely unacceptable”.

    China is running boarding schools not concentration camps in the far western region of Xinjiang, its governor said on Tuesday, as the United States called conditions there “completely unacceptable”.

    (L-R) Nayim Yasen, deputy director of the Ethnic Affairs Committee of the National PeopleÕs Congress (NPC), Shewket Imin, chairman of the Standing Committee of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Communist Party Secretary Chen Quanguo, Xinjiang Chairman Shohrat Zakir, and Sun Jinlong, party secretary of Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region Production and Construction Corps, attend the meeting of Xinjiang delegation on the sidelines of the NPC at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China March 12, 2019. REUTERS/Jason Lee
    China has faced growing international opprobrium for what it says are vocational training centers in Xinjiang, a vast region bordering central Asia that is home to millions of Uighurs and other Muslim ethnic minorities.

    Activists say there is a network of mass detention camps there holding more than a million people, part of a crackdown that Beijing says is needed to stem the threat of Islamist extremism.

    The U.S. government has weighed sanctions against senior Chinese officials in Xinjiang, including on the Communist Party boss there, Chen Quanguo, who as a member of the powerful politburo is in the upper echelons of China’s leadership.

    Xinjiang governor Shohrat Zakir, the region’s most senior Uighur official who ranks below Chen, said that there had not been any violent attacks in more than two years and three months since the government adopted “a series of measures” to combat terror and extremism.

              Offer - Don't Buy "Zephrofel South Africa (ZA)" - Read Side Effects First - SOUTH AFRICA      Cache   Translate Page      
    Zephrofel They do this by offering you costly apparatus expected to power and push your penis unnaturally. The last item is constantly the proportionate, they basically don't work. The basic clarification behind this is in light of the fact that they don't fathom that they body is anxious to create autonomous from any other person, without the necessity for extra help. Article Source:-
              Circadian Lighting Follows Day-Night Cycle Autonomously with Healthe’s SunLync      Cache   Translate Page      
    Healthe® by Lighting Science announced the launch of SunLync™, a control device that autonomously synchronizes Healthe wireless-enabled lighting to the sun’s cycle. SunLync contains a GPS locator that captures local time and continuously broadcasts a system-wide mesh command to all Healthe lights within range. Lights respond by generating the appropriate spectrum and intensity, providing the right light at the right time. The frequent time signal generation from SunLync allows for a subtle response and fluid transition between light settings from the luminaire...
              ROS, C++, ML - Lead Motion Planning Engineer      Cache   Translate Page      
    CA-Santa Clara, Located in Santa Clara, we are leading the industry in ops and management of our fleet robotics/autonomous vehicles division. What You Will Be Doing - Own and lead the navigation stack development - Develop algorithms for path planning and behavioral planning, for navigation of autonomous vehicles through unorganized traffic flow - Design and develop navigation software to accommodate road rules,
              Volvo’s first electric driverless bus swings into action in Singapore      Cache   Translate Page      
    Singapore is intent on positioning itself at the vanguard of self-driving technologies. Now it is looking to ramp things up even further, rolling what it claims to be the world’s first full size, autonomous electric bus onto a university campus in partnership with Volvo. Read more
              ‘I’m angry’: One communications exec at SXSW says this year’s festival is all about describing scary risks — without offering solutions      Cache   Translate Page      

    SXSW 2019Getty Images

    • Chrissie Hanson is the chief strategy officer at OMD Worldwide, and in this op-ed she says that the first two days at this year's SXSW have left her disheartened and angry.
    • Why? Scenarios of impending catastrophe are being described — without anyone offering any solutions or even ownership of the problems.
    • Consumers shouldn’t have to be the first line of defense against modern safety issues; the collaboration of Silicon Valley, private companies, governments, regulators, and citizens is required.

    At the end of the first two days of SXSW, it’s clear that 2019 will be noted as the year that Austin attempted to get real about the risks and rewards of a connected world —  and then dodged the issue like a presidential candidate talking about immigration.

    Which is why, at the end of my first few days on the ground, I’m missing the sense of exhilaration that defined my previous three trips to South-by, when I couldn’t wait to connect with friends and colleagues to share what I had seen, heard, experienced and learned each day. Instead, this year I’m concerned. I’m angry. And I’m seeing a challenging road ahead for marketers who’ve been promised a world of opportunity but who may find themselves bearing the blame for financing the opening of the tech version of Pandora’s box.

    Read more: Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez leaned into her socialist image at SXSW, saying 'capitalism is irredeemable'

    I’m concerned by the multiple scenarios of impending catastrophe that unfolded across the sessions that I attended. Not because they were unexpected or unknown — it’s not exactly news that autonomous vehicles have incumbent safety risks, or that a weak link in your connected home can have tragic consequences. What’s troubling is the way in which these warnings were delivered — almost as if they are the disclaimers delivered at the end of a commercial from a used car dealer. Translation: A lot could go wrong, but it’s all on you.

    Take the AV session as an example — a lot of waxing rhapsodic about the Passenger Economy (side query: is anyone keeping track of all of these niche economies? We must be up to about a dozen by now). We were told how AVs have the potential to become rolling arcades for avid gamers, or rolling 4DX theaters for entertainment enthusiasts, and that the Passenger Economy will open the door to myriad services. And while there was discussion about the negative impacts on traffic and safety, there were no solutions offered, no sense of urgency about resolving the concerns before going to market, and most importantly, no one taking ownership of the problem or a solution.  

    Chrissie HansonCourtesy of Chrissie Hanson

    I felt angry after sitting in the AI & Disinformation meeting in which the message was that unless government and regulators force private companies to put far more resources into reducing disinformation, Silicon Valley will do the bare minimum. Yes, the fight against disinformation requires the collaboration of Silicon Valley, private companies, governments and regulators, as well as citizens; and yes, we need to be more vigilant in protecting our children and ourselves from misinformation, to be better guardians of own data. But consumers shouldn’t have to be the first line of defense.

    Read more: 'The people at the platforms are good people': BuzzFeed CEO Jonah Peretti responds to Elizabeth Warren's proposal to break up the tech giants

    Absent any seismic shift in Silicon Valley’s hands-off approach, the situation translates to more responsibility for marketers (brands and agencies alike). We have an added responsibility to consider where, how, and what we’re putting into the media sphere — not only specific to the traditional concerns of how  we are actively shaping the opinions of those around us, but also because we are playing in spaces that have not been secured — and whose owners appear to be passing the buck on the issue of safety. As clients looks to their agencies to guide their entry into the AV, AI and IoT era, are we ready to take on added responsibilities? Are we ready to make the hard choices and engage in important actions such as eradicating fraud, increasing media transparency, and improving the user experience to deliver better business outcomes?

    So yes, I’m concerned. I’m angry. But I’m also ready.

    Chrissie Hanson is the chief strategy officer at OMD Worldwide.

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              Uber’s self-driving car unit was burning $20 million a month      Cache   Translate Page      
    Uber thought it would have 75,000 autonomous vehicles on the roads this year and be operating driverless taxi services in 13 cities by 2022, according to court documents unsealed last week. To reach those ambitious goals, the ridesharing company, which hopes to go public later this year, was spending $20 million a month on developing […]
              Lagonda All-Terrain Concept: The EV With The Floating Key      Cache   Translate Page      
    Aston Martin Lagonda aims to be the world’s first zero-emission luxury brand. The company will leverage electrification and autonomous driving technologies. The Lagonda All-Terrain Concept is set for production in 2022 and includes a floating key. It’s called the Lagonda All-Terrain Concept, and its name is the most uncreative thing about it. Basically, it’s an uber-luxo […]
               Luxurious sportiness in top form       Cache   Translate Page      
    A driving feeling as if you are floating: that’s how the new Mercedes-Benz CL of the C 215 model series inspired 20 years ago. For in the luxury class coupé, the Active Body Control (ABC) chassis system developed by Mercedes-Benz celebrated its world premiere. It is amongst the most important innovations for active safety by the Stuttgart brand. ABC minimises pitching and rolling of the body, increases safety reserves and bolsters the freedom from fatigue of the driver. The system was developed in the 1990s in the company’s research department and, thanks to its high level of effectiveness, was directly implemented into a series vehicle. Back then, engineer Frank Knothe was responsible for this and later became the model series head of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class, SL and SLK. Knothe remembers: “With the Active Body Control (ABC) system, we began a new chapter of comfort in conjunction with active handling when driving a car. Series development was a great challenge due to the short time frame. But, given the result, it was more than worth it.”The CL was introduced 20 years ago at the Geneva Motor Show from 12 to 21 March 1999. Sales began in August 1999, with the press trial drive taking place from 27 September to 8 October 1999 in the south of France. The CL 500 with a V8 engine and 225 kW (306 hp) was first to arrive in dealerships in October 1999. The 270 kW (367 hp) CL 600 with a new V12 engine followed in 2000. “The special fascination of the CL 600 lies in its uniquely effortless drive” – so wrote specialist magazine “Auto, Motor und Sport” about the top model in the 23rd edition of 1999.The newly developed V12 engine of the CL 600 is equipped with automatic cylinder deactivation. Together with other measures, it reduces fuel consumption compared to the predecessor model of the C 140 model series by around 20 per cent. Cylinder deactivation is also optionally available for the CL 500. In addition to the CL 500 and CL 600, there are also two AMG high-performance versions of the C 215 model series: the V8 model CL 55 AMG (265 kW/360 hp) was presented in the late autumn of 1999, and the twelve-cylinder version CL 63 AMG (324 kW/444 hp) came onto the market in 2001.Athlete in a tailor-made suitThe C 215 caters to the exclusive tradition of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class coupés. These have combined refined sportiness and high performance in elegant, two-door and four-door touring cars since the 1950s. The coupés add important innovations to series production again and again. That is also how the Mercedes-Benz press kit of 9 March 1999 classified the new CL: “State-of-the-art technology that no other car in the world offers and an equally innovative design characterise the exclusive character of the Mercedes coupé.”The new CL looks to the world with many headlamps as its extended silhouette and the arched roof line emphasise the dynamism of the coupé. In this case, the designers managed quite a feat: on the one hand, the body of the C 215 is 72 millimetres shorter, 55 millimetres narrower and 54 millimetres lower than the predecessor C 140, and the wheelbase is also reduced by 60 millimetres. The vehicle weight is likewise 340 kilograms lighter. All of this elevates the sporty character of the vehicle in an exclusively tailored suit. On the other hand, the CL, with its vehicle interior dimensions on an S-Class level, fulfils the highest of demands in terms of spaciousness. This balance is also recognised by the newspaper “ Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung” on 5 October 1999 in regards to the CL: “It not only seems lighter and more dynamic than its predecessor — it is.”World exclusive natural stone trim partsThe equipment of the luxury class coupé corresponds to its position at the top of the Mercedes-Benz model programme, which is built at the Sindelfingen plant on its own line. The instrument panel, seats and door and side panels as well as the armrest of the centre console are upholstered in leather as standard features. Wood sets further accents. And, from the spring of 2001, there were even designo stone trim parts available for the vehicle interior of the CL. They are made from natural Labrador blue pearl granite. In a patent-protected process, they are cut into 0.6 to 0.8 millimetre sheets, which are shaped and applied to the centre console, door panelling, steering wheel rim and gearshift lever. Mercedes-Benz realises this exclusive equipment in a series production vehicle for the first time.The technical equipment of the CL is also on a high level. Alongside the Active Body Control (ABC) system, the luxury class coupé features ESP® (electronic stability programme), ASR (acceleration skid control), ABS (anti-lock brakes) and BAS (brake assist) as standard features. Add to this the all-new bi-xenon headlamps with a cleaning system for the main-beam and low-beam headlamps and the PARKTRONIC system. Numerous airbags protect the passengers, and integral seats for the driver and front passenger with easy-entry function and a new multi-joint door hinge for easy climbing in and out contribute to comfort. An electronic tyre pressure monitoring system, the DISTRONIC autonomous intelligent cruise control and further solutions such as the chip card-based KEYLESS-GO drive authorization system are available upon request.Coupé culture meets Formula 1The C 215 even pursues a career on the race track. In the 2000 Formula 1 season, a modified Mercedes-Benz CL 55 AMG is used as the Official F1™ Safety Car. From autumn 2000, Mercedes-Benz offered the CL 55 AMG “F1 Limited Edition” in Safety Car style for sporting customers. The coupé was limited to 55 units and had highly exclusive equipment. It was the world’s first road-legal vehicle to decelerate by means of a brake system with internally ventilated brake discs made from fibre-reinforced ceramics. The press release on the Mika Häkkinen special model, the racer that won the Formula 1 World Championship in a McLaren-Mercedes in 1998 and 1999, comments on this aspect: “The most important part of a sports car is not the engine, but the brakes.” The vehicle interior offers, amongst other things, sports seats with optimised lateral stability, an AMG sports steering wheel, wheel trim made from carbon fibre and “F1 Limited Edition” lettering with sequential numbering on the centre console.Mercedes-Benz premiered the CL 63 AMG with 326 kW (444 hp) at the International Motor Show in Frankfurt am Main (IAA) from 13 to 23 September 2001. Its V12 engine with 6,258 cubic centimetres of displacement has a maximum torque of 620 newton metres and allows acceleration at sports car levels, just as it does superior travelling. The 63-digit sequence in the model designation of the CL top model is reminiscent of the legendary Mercedes-Benz 300 SEL 6.3 (W 109).Facelift for the CLIn September 2002, Mercedes-Benz unveiled the new generation of the C 215 model series. On the outside, the facelifted coupé stands out thanks to its headlamps in a clear glass style, reworked bumpers and new exterior mirror casing – now with surround lighting. Technically, the CL 600’s new V12 engine, with 5,513 cubic centimetres of displacement and bi-turbo set-up, is a sensation. It generates 368 kW (500 hp), that’s 36 per cent more than in the CL 600 (5,786 cubic centimetres of displacement, 270 kW/367 hp) built from 2000 to 2002. The performance of the CL 600 is also achieved by the CL 55 AMG, which was offered from autumn 2002. However, its AMG V8 engine has more sporty characteristics than the V12 drivetrain.The C 215 model series is rounded up in 2003 by the new CL 65 AMG with 450 kW (612 hp) output from 5,980 cubic centimetres of displacement. Back then, the high-performance coupé – along with the S 65 AMG saloon presented at the same time – was one of the most powerful cars in the history of AMG and Mercedes-AMG GmbH, founded in 1999. The CL 65 AMG accelerates to 100 km/h from a standing start in just 4.4 seconds; its V12 engine with bi-turbo set-up has up to 1,000 newton metres of torque (electronically limited). The top model is equipped with an AMG SPEEDSHIFT five-speed automatic transmission with steering wheel gearshift as well as with Active Body Control (ABC) with AMG-specific suspension struts and more firmly tuned dampers.By February 2006, 47,984 CLs of the C 215 model series were built – another successful chapter in the history of luxurious sportiness by Mercedes-Benz. The best-selling model was the CL 500. Of this model, 32,224 units were created and it therefore accounted for more than two-thirds of total production. The motto, which Mercedes-Benz already included in the brochure of the CL for the début of the C 215 model series, applies to all CLs: “When, after driving the CL coupé, you again feel solid ground beneath your feet, it’s like waking from a beautiful dream.”

    Source: Transportweekly
              GM Cruise to double its autonomous-car team for robo-taxi goal      Cache   Translate Page      

    With its eye on the launch of a robo-taxi service before the end of the year, General Motors' Cruise Automation has said it plans to double the size of its autonomous-vehicle team over the next nine months.

    The post GM Cruise to double its autonomous-car team for robo-taxi goal appeared first on Digital Trends.

              Aurrigo and Blind Veterans UK set for autonomous transport trials      Cache   Translate Page      

    Autonomous technology is being used in a world first trial to deliver improved mobility and independence for people with health conditions and disabilities. Coventry-based Aurrigo is conducting the driverless pods trial as part of an exercise to explore possible ‘first and last mile’ transport solutions. To this end, the company has joined forces with Blind […]

    The post Aurrigo and Blind Veterans UK set for autonomous transport trials appeared first on .

              Explore Amazon's wide Washington reach      Cache   Translate Page      

    Amazon lobbied more federal entities last year than any other public U.S. company, pressing its case throughout the government at a time when its power and reach is under a magnifying glass.

    Data: Federal lobbying disclosures; Get the data; Interactive: Lazaro Gamio/Axios

    Why it matters: The sprawling nature of Amazon’s lobbying operation is a reflection of its vast business. What began as an online retailer is now a behemoth that touches healthcare, cloud computing, media and the transportation sector — and the regulatory challenges it faces are just as complex.

    The bottom line: In its filings last year, Amazon disclosed lobbying 40 different federal entities on 21 different general issue areas.

    • Amazon's total number of federal entities lobbied was higher than any other public company's, according to data compiled by the Center for Responsive Politics. (The group's totals also include forms filed by individual outside lobbyists on behalf of the companies.)
    • Among public companies, Amazon ranked below Alphabet, Bayer, DowDuPont and Parker Hannifin on the total number of issues lobbied, according to the group's data.
    • Yes, but: The issue codes used in Amazon — and everyone else's — lobbying disclosure are very broad, often encompassing several major issues in one category. And there can be discrepancies in how different companies fill out their disclosure forms.

    Methodology: Every quarter, Amazon must file a form listing every federal entity it contacted on different issues. This graphic shows 518 different disclosures made by Amazon last year across four different quarters, organized on one side by type of issue and on the other by the type of entity lobbied.

    • For example: When Amazon talked to the U.S. Senate about transportation in all four quarters, it generated four entries.
    • That does not mean Amazon only talked to someone in the Senate about transportation four times. Each quarterly disclosure could indicate repeated contacts.

    The big picture: Of course, Amazon advocates on a host of traditional tech and telecom issues, like net neutrality and data breach standards. It has also been locked in a battle with competitors over a Pentagon cloud computing contract. But its lobbying records also show a company with interests in regulatory fights around food, drugs and transportation.

    • Amazon lobbied last year on self-driving car and drone issues, a sign of its investments in autonomous delivery of customers' packages.
    • A growing player in the grocery business, Amazon lobbied on a forthcoming pilot program to allow online grocers to participate in the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program, as well as on the standard for labeling bioengineered food.
    • It advocated around a law that banned "gag clauses" that had prevented pharmacists from telling patients when paying cash would be cheaper than using their insurance. Amazon bought the online pharmacy PillPack in 2018.

    "When you put all these data points together, [Amazon] looks like a giant squid with many arms busy reconfiguring nearly every corner of our economy — and our laws. This is one reason monopoly power is a problem," said Stacy Mitchell of the Institute for Local Self-Reliance and a prominent critic of the company.

    • "Left unchecked, these giant corporations inevitably begin to govern us. It should be the other way around."

    Amazon's statement: Amazon provides a wide range of products and services for our customers, and we’re always looking for ways to innovate on their behalf. Our Washington, D.C. team is focused on ensuring we are advocating on issues that are important to policymakers, our employees and our customers.”

    Go deeper: Bloomberg’s Naomi Nix goes inside Amazon’s political battles last year

              What Tesla knows about you      Cache   Translate Page      

    Every mile, every block, every inch of pavement driven by a Tesla vehicle generates a trove of information that can reveal as much about you as about your car.

    Why it matters: Tesla is more of a tech company than a car company. And because data is critical to self-driving cars, it has designed its vehicles from the outset to be sophisticated rolling computers. As all cars get smarter and more automated, the data they collect will unlock new conveniences for drivers — but also new privacy concerns.

    Most modern vehicles already gather some data. They include a cellular Wi-Fi connection that transmits basic telematics data from the car to the cloud.

    • The data they collect could include your vehicle's location and your car's personal settings, such as contacts you've synced from your phone, addresses you've plugged into the navigation system, and even your favorite radio stations.
    • Automakers use that information to suggest pre-emptive maintenance, for example, or to offer remote help such as unlocking the doors or roadside assistance.
    • Carmakers often share that information with business partners who provide services like navigation or real-time traffic.

    But Tesla collects more information than most.

    • It knows your speed, your mileage, and where and when you charge the battery.
    • It also monitors airbag deployments, braking and acceleration, which helps in accident investigations.
    • And it knows when Autopilot, Tesla's assisted-driving feature, is engaged or disengaged, and whether you have your hands on the wheel as you should.

    Teslas are constantly in record mode, using cameras and other sensors to log every detail about what they encounter while driving, even when Autopilot is turned off.

    • This includes short video clips from the car’s external cameras to learn how to recognize lane lines, street signs and traffic light positions.
    • Tesla says the video snippets are not linked to the car's vehicle identification number, and there is no way to search its database for clips associated with a specific car.
    • But with 500,000 vehicles on the road globally, information collected by one vehicle can easily be shared with others.
    • This "fleet learning" capability is an advantage that Tesla CEO Elon Musk says will help the company develop self-driving cars faster.
    "Every time the customers drive the car, they're training the systems to be better. I'm just not sure how anyone competes with that.”
    Elon Musk, on Q4 earnings call with analysts

    Most important, Tesla uses data from its vehicles to crowdsource advanced technology features like high-precision maps and improvements to Autopilot.

    "What makes Tesla unique is the two-way nature of its data capability."
    Bryant Walker Smith, assistant law professor and AV expert, University of South Carolina

    What you can do:

    • You can contact Tesla to stop sharing basic data, but that could affect your car's operation, prevent software updates and disable some features, Tesla says.
    • You can also opt out of sharing location-related data, including video clips.
    • But bystanders whose images are captured by Tesla's cameras don't have any ability to opt out, which presents potential privacy concerns.

    For the record: Tesla says its customers’ privacy is of the highest importance to the company. It recently joined a host of American companies and government agencies in an effort to help define a new international standard for consumer privacy protection.

    The big picture: Big data captured from cars could be worth $450 billion to $750 billion globally by 2030, according to McKinsey.

    • Yes, but: It's not always clear who owns the data captured by vehicles and their networks, an issue that will only get fuzzier once shared, autonomous vehicles are here.
    • Tesla's privacy policy and others explain what information carmakers collect and share, but few people take the time to read the screens full of text on their dashboard before shifting into gear and driving away.
    • In 2014, 20 automakers signed a voluntary set of automotive privacy principles. Tesla, which is at odds with the industry over a number of unrelated policy issues, is not a member of the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers and therefore did not sign those privacy principles.
    • "Tech players have a much more lax approach" than automakers when it comes to emphasizing data privacy, according to Marc Winterhoff, a senior partner at Roland Berger consulting firm.

    What's next: Cars are the next data-guzzling platform, as Tesla has demonstrated. It might be too late to stop the flow of information, but the challenge is to control how it is used and shared.

    Go deeper:

              Telia, Ericsson and Volvo CE launch Sweden’s first 5G network for industries      Cache   Translate Page      

    Telia, Ericsson and Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE) have launched Sweden’s first 5G network for industrial use today at Volvo CE’s facility in Eskilstuna, Sweden. Volvo CE is among the first in the world to use 5G technology to test remote-controlled machines and autonomous solutions. The 5G network will be used at Volvo CE’s research […]

    The post Telia, Ericsson and Volvo CE launch Sweden’s first 5G network for industries appeared first on Telecom Drive.

              Google's autonomous car business Waymo looking for investors, VW interested      Cache   Translate Page      

    Google's autonomous car business Waymo looking for investors, VW interested

    Originally an autonomous vehicle project inside Google, Waymo became their own subsidiary within Alphabet, the parent company of Google, in late 2016.

    While self-driving cars seem to be the future, not everything has been sunshine and rainbows. Apparently the parent company Alphabet is tired of putting in money by themselves, and Waymo is now looking for outside investors, The Information reports.

    According to the report, Alphabet has been in talks with European car manufacturers in terms of investing in Waymo, and even becoming a majority owner.

    One of the manufacturers is Volkswagen, which could employ Waymo's autonomous technology in their future vehicles. One would assume that Waymo's tech is maturing now since they are looking for manufacturers to bring it to the customers.

    Obviously selling a majority stake to a single car manufacturer is only one way to get the tech to cars, so perhaps there is also a licensing deal in the works.

    However, Alphabet is losing money quickly, and something needs to be done. Waymo is spending a billion dollars a year, and the parent company dearly needs a return for the investment.

    Permalink | Comments

              Percepto UAV solution assessed in US operational experimentation program      Cache   Translate Page      
    Quantico, VA (SPX) Mar 13, 2019
    Percepto, the market leader of on-site autonomous drone solutions, today revealed that it has participated in an operational experimentation program with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Science and Technology Directorate in collaboration with the U.S. Army. Percepto was invited to participate in the program to evaluate the ability of autonomous drones to perform intellige
              Unstable quadcopter in automode      Cache   Translate Page      

    @Bharath_Chandanreddy wrote:


    This is Bharath. We are working with Pixhawk 2.1 from 2 months and faced an issue

    Drone specifications:

    1. Tarot Frame 960mm
      2)T motors 280kv
      3)T motor esc 60A
      4)T motor 22 inch propeller
      5)Tattu battery 6S 22000mah
      6)Horus x 10s transmitter
      7)Rededge-m camera as payload

    We faced an issue in autonomous mode survey grid yesterday. We had 5 flights with different auto missions with 2 separate batteries with changing the velocities from 5m/s,6m/s.7m/s. We had a stable flight for first 4 flights
    In the final flight drone we changed the battery (Note:there is sudden change in wind speed and drop in temperature around 3-4 degree temperature before 5th flight, which is common weather change in India during summer evenings) drone with velocity 7m/s in auto mode, the drone losses its control and wobbled like hell, expected to have a crash landing.It didn’t come to control even when we changed to manual gps mode, We took around 5 minutes to take control on drone ( to be honest we thought drone would be crashed) and analysed the logs but couldn’t find the exact reason behind it.

    Here below drive link directs you to log file.

    Posts: 1

    Participants: 1

    Read full topic

              (IT) GUI Developer      Cache   Translate Page      

    Location: Zürich   

    Job Description: Overview of business area or project: Risk Management and Portfolio Optimization Platform A challenging role as a Senior GUI developer in a demanding business (Risk Management and Portfolio Optimization/Analytics). Duties and responsibilities include: Implementing web GUIs using state-of-the-art technologies and libraries Collaborate with developers, requirements engineers, delivery project managers, and business experts Rapid prototyping/contribute to building a user experience Lab through which key requirements will be validated, discovered, and iteratively refined Essentials Skills and Qualifications: Very good knowledge and experience of Angular 5/6 Track record of visualizing beautiful analytics/big data, ideally in a financial/risk management context, (eg wealth projections, risk factors) Proven track record in UI Technologies like HTML5, JavaScript, REACT, REST services Knowledge of UX design with experience in UI rendering in desktop and handheld devices. Extensive knowledge of responsive data visualisation user interface design Proactive and ability to autonomously organize own work while delivering value for the business Able to produce results rapidly and with little supervision Experience of Agile practices and processes (eg SCRUM, KANBAN) Candidates able to share links of past work featuring beautiful GUIs with advanced and responsive analytical/big data/scientific visualizations will have priority Desired Skills and Qualifications: Knowledge and experience with micro-service based architectures Knowledge and experience with Java Experience in DevOps tools (Docker, Kubernetes, cloud & containerization technologies) Experience in Build and Test Tools (eg Jenkins, GIT/Subversion, etc.) Previous experience of a development role in finance, eg banking, trading, asset management, risk management Understanding of financial products, time series and risk management principles Candidate Value Proposition: Exposure to cutting-edge technologies and approaches for portfolio construction, trade recommendation, asset allocation Creative environment in which technology is a key business value driver If you think this could be the right role for you, please feel free to apply online or please contact Agnieszka Wojcik directly ( (see below) ).
    Type: Contract
    Location: Zürich
    Country: Switzerland
    Contact: Agnieszka Wojcik
    Advertiser: Harvey Nash IT Recruitment Switzerland
    Start Date: ASAP ideally
    Reference: JS-356820/001

              (IT) Senior GUI Developer (Analytics/Risk Engines)      Cache   Translate Page      

    Location: Zürich   

    Experis is the global leader in professional resourcing and project-based workforce solutions. Our suite of services range from interim and permanent recruitment to managed services and consulting, enabling businesses to achieve their goals. We accelerate organisational growth by attracting, assessing and placing specialised professional talent. On behalf of our client, a leading bank in Zürich, we are looking for a Senior GUI developer with proven experience in implementing web GUIs using state-of-the-art technologies and libraries. Are you a passionate GUI developer who is looking for a new and exciting challenge? If yes, then please have a look at the details below: Main responsibilities: Implementing web GUIs using state-of-the-art technologies and libraries Collaborate with developers, requirements engineers, delivery project managers, and business experts Rapid prototyping/contribute on building user experience Lab though which key requirements will be validated, discovered, and iteratively refined Exposure to cutting-edge technologies and approaches for portfolio construction, trade recommendation, asset allocation Essentials Skills and Qualifications: Over 5 years of experience and very good knowledge of Angular 5/6 Track record of visualizing beautiful analytics/big data, ideally in a financial/risk management context, (eg wealth projections, risk factors) Proven track record and extensive experience in UI Technologies like HTML5, JavaScript, REACT, REST services Good knowledge of UX design with experience in UI rendering in desktop and handheld devices. Sound knowledge of responsive data visualisation user interface design Proactive and ability to autonomously organize own work while delivering value for the business Able to produce results rapidly and with little supervision Experience of Agile practices and processes (eg SCRUM, KANBAN) If you are able to share links of past work featuring beautiful GUIs with advanced and responsive analytical/big data/scientific visualizations you will have priority Fluent English Desired Skills and Qualifications: Knowledge and experience with micro-service-based architectures Knowledge and experience with Java Experience in DevOps tools (Docker, Kubernetes, cloud & containerization technologies) Experience in Build and Test Tools (eg Jenkins, GIT/Subversion, etc.) Previous experience of a development role in finance, eg banking, trading, asset management, risk management Understanding of financial products, time series and risk management principles Interested in this opportunity? Kindly send us your CV today through the link in the advert. However, should you have any questions please contact Thu Barany.
    Type: Contract
    Location: Zürich
    Country: Switzerland
    Contact: Thu Barany
    Advertiser: Experis AG
    Start Date: ASAP
    Reference: JS-BBBH87586

               Key Account Manager - Trade/Retail Sector       Cache   Translate Page      
    ** Key Account Manager - Trade/Retail Sector ** IMMEDIATE START 35k - 38k Bonus Car Allowance Homes based Our client based in Woking is seeking an experienced Key Account Manager from a Retail/Trade background. This role will be homebased. This is a new opportunity for an experienced Key Account Manager to join their sales team after rapid expansion over the past twelve months. This brand has gone from strength to strength in Asia and have ambitious growth plans in the UK and Europe to become a leading player in the industry. The successful candidate will be: Driving growth by nurturing existing relationships and creating new business opportunities Working closely with the UK Sales Manager, this individual will play a crucial role in setting out and implementing the strategy for the channel and will be accountable for its delivery within their account base. You'll be working closely with current and potential customers to understand their strategy, business structure, key contacts, and the future potential of the account. You will have ownership of existing accounts, and also target new strategic accounts to add to the customer portfolio. Our client is looking for a hungry, driven individual who is willing to learn and wants to progress within their career to become a NAM quickly. Ideally the successful candidate will be enthusiastic and an extrovert which will be shown within their work. The business offers an autonomous, dynamic, and friendly working culture. Ideally the successful candidate will be: A Sales Professional with a proven track record of achieving and exceeding targets Friendly, personable and memorable to build strong relationships with the retailers Able to prepare and analyse data in order to find potential growth opportunities in existing and potential accounts. What they can offer: Competitive package benefits Career development and progression For further details, please contact the Guildford, Tate office. Tate is acting as an Employment Agency in relation to this vacancy.
              Taranis Unveils Enhanced Platform for Aerial Imagery Insights Into Farming      Cache   Translate Page      
    Leading precision agriculture company Taranis today announced the launch of its updated, insights-centered platform. The company has also expanded its fleet to over one hundred manned aircraft and autonomous drones increasing reach for global customers worldwide. By 2050, food production will have to grow by 70% to feed a growing population, and farmers and agriculture retailers are […] Leading precision agriculture company Taranis today announced the launch of its updated, insights-centered platform. The company has also expanded its fleet to over one hundred manned aircraft and autonomous drones increasing reach for global customers worldwide. By 2050, food production will have to grow by 70% to feed a growing population, and farmers and agriculture retailers are […] Read More
              Autonomous anti poaching drone      Cache   Translate Page      

    If you can watch this, it gives you a small insight into the extent of the problem and why its so difficult to fight Stroop Movie

              Autonomous anti poaching drone      Cache   Translate Page      

    I like the dye bomb tactic. Sounds dangerous though. That has to be some very cool flying to do such a thing. Keep up the fight. The animals are victims here. So sad for such human ignorance about animal parts.

    Another front on this war would be re-education towards the consumers of such things. Lessen the demand and the supply will go away. Reminds me of the war on drugs. Each country ought to concentrate on the buyers, not the suppliers. If there was no drug demand, then there would be no supply. Constantly going after the suppliers is only half the solution.

              Unstable quadcopter in automode      Cache   Translate Page      


    This is Bharath. We are working with Pixhawk 2.1 from 2 months and faced an issue

    Drone specifications:

    1. Tarot Frame 960mm
      2)T motors 280kv
      3)T motor esc 60A
      4)T motor 22 inch propeller
      5)Tattu battery 6S 22000mah
      6)Horus x 10s transmitter
      7)Rededge-m camera as payload

    We faced an issue in autonomous mode survey grid yesterday. We had 5 flights with different auto missions with 2 separate batteries with changing the velocities from 5m/s,6m/s.7m/s. We had a stable flight for first 4 flights
    In the final flight drone we changed the battery (Note:there is sudden change in wind speed and drop in temperature around 3-4 degree temperature before 5th flight, which is common weather change in India during summer evenings) drone with velocity 7m/s in auto mode, the drone losses its control and wobbled like hell, expected to have a crash landing.It didn’t come to control even when we changed to manual gps mode, We took around 5 minutes to take control on drone ( to be honest we thought drone would be crashed) and analysed the logs but couldn’t find the exact reason behind it.

    Here below drive link directs you to log file.

              BrandPost: Making data centers AI-ready with an industry-leading cloud engine      Cache   Translate Page      

    As part of its full-stack, all-scenario AI strategy, Huawei has embedded artificial intelligence into its network products and solutions to create a better connected, intelligent future. What are the key solutions for realizing this future?

    A cloudy history

    On August 8, 2012, Huawei launched CloudEngine 12800, a data center switch built for the cloud computing era. It led the world in design and technological trends for high-density 100GE platform data center switches, enjoying the fastest growth for six consecutive years with a CAGR of 82 percent.

    On January 9, 2019, Huawei defined three characteristics of data center switches for the AI era: embedded AI chips, 48 x 400GE high-density ports per slot, and the capability to evolve to an Autonomous Driving Network (ADN). Huawei also unveiled the industry’s first data center switch built for the AI era, CloudEngine 16800, once again setting a new benchmark for the industry.

    To read this article in full, please click here

              Evaluating Board Effectiveness for Advancing Autonomy: A Strategy for Newly Autonomous Universities in Kazakhstan      Cache   Translate Page      

    This paper presents an instrument for board evaluation specifically designed for the evolving context of higher education reform in Kazakhstan. It adopts a self-study approach, drawing on best practices in governance.

              Autonomous Database for Dummies      Cache   Translate Page      

    Finden Sie heraus, was es bedeutet, autonomes Datenmanagement einzusetzen, und erfahren Sie, wie Ihr Unternehmen so einfach skalieren, Kosten senken und Innovationen vorantreiben zu kann.

    Das neue Oracle eBook “Autonomous Database for Dummies” ist ab sofort verfügbar. Lernen Sie mehr über einen besseren Ansatz für ein Datenbankmanagement, das maschinelles Lernen und künstliche Intelligenz nutzt und Ihnen hilft, mehr Wert aus Ihren Daten zu schöpfen und sich auf das Geschäftswachstum und die nächste Innovationswelle zu konzentrieren.

        Hier können Sie das ebook herunterladen

              Primary Care Nurse Practitioner - Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation Health Services - Pelican Narrows, SK      Cache   Translate Page      
    If you have ever wanted to explore the beauty of northern Saskatchewan, practice autonomously to your full scope, embark on a journey of nursing like no other,...
    From Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation Health Services - Wed, 12 Dec 2018 15:03:35 GMT - View all Pelican Narrows, SK jobs
              2/9/18 MAKING KUCHING TRULY THE CITY OF BORNEO .....exploring on New GOM-GOS working framework.      Cache   Translate Page      
    Worldwide, especially with the hungry Chinese and not wanting to be left India (later Brazil), in the next 5-10 years the world economic development will be very interesting to observe. The West due to their Capitalism Hunger is rampaging the oil rich Middle East and North Africa. Despite so, UAE with Dubai as its pillar is pulling away from the traditional Arabs norms and now is among the most busiest and prosperous trading place on earth. Accordingly, Istanbul due to the American hegemony actions may do better with the help of Russia and Iran (and possible China) and thus may reshape the future role and position of the America and the West. Nonetheless right here at home, due to prolong greed in our governing system, Malaysia as a whole and Sarawak in particular, is in great financial distress that warrant us to be much strategic and bold in our action. Herewith, I'm proposing something that we can look at as potential means to take us out of such distress and as well as to position ourselves better in this 21st century regional economic regatta. How could Sarawak; Kuching in particular can help to raise the whole Borneo, to the extend by 2050, Borneo collectively will turn to be the next World Economic Power. Let start with a vision of making Kuching the City of Borneo.

    (2) The key economic issue facing Sarawak that I foresee now is that our economy may be moving to diminishing if not stagnation or digressing.  Sarawak all these while had been resources-based economic driven. Unfortunately the global demand over our resources is either moving to stagnation or down dwindling. Timber, oil palm, rubber, pepper and petroleum production, demand and pricing are no more to our advantage. Worst, Sarawak had not work hard enough to restructure her economic base to the form that keep her to a fore running position. We had not been smart and daring enough to push our economy in the forefront of others. Since 1960s to this end, we are still keeping to the traditional harvesting the natural economic endowment. We had not graduated beyond nature based economy. In this article, I'm focusing onto making Kuching urban setting to be internationalized as a meant to nurture healthy living of her population and Sarawak economic growth vis-a-vis all other regional development proposals that I had earlier written which among them are:  (1) (2) (3) (4)

    (3) If the Bible (not clearly said in the case of the  Al Quran) narrative of the descendant of Eve and Adam was correct, one would wonder why did Allah sent Eve to Becca while Adam to India. Adam to India be it in Ceylon or Himalaya, such places were with better endowment as compared to Becca of the Arabia. I'll skip my speculation over the reason for the place(s) of descending of Adam, but let have a look at Becca the place of landing for Eve. Definitely, there are many perspectives for such choice by Allah. But in the case of Becca, let me try to lead readers to just one aspect of probably the numerous perspectives that we could explore. We can't exactly say, when did Adam and Eve descent to earth. Probably hundreds of thousands if not millions of years before. Even 1,400 years ago, there was nothing in Becca as compared to today Human Civilization Standard. Becca even 1,400 years ago was just barren desert with pockets of oasis. Eve, upon her landing, she might had been placed among those cavity-hills with the oasis for her basic survival needs. My such presumption is based on  an inferring to the lives of Hajar and Ismael upon their seclusion in Mecca by Abraham. Saie, which being said was the wandering of Hajar between Mt Marwan and Saffa,  I would believe must be the nature that happened to Eve at time of her isolation. She must had been made to wander just as Saie of Hajar before the coming of Adam. As Allah saying "Nothing that He did is without reason" thus my strongest predicament of the Hajar-Ismael fate in Abraham family squabble is an inference for His mahluk of all times. Thus for the case of Eve, then followed by Hajar-Ismael, why did Allah chosen Becca as their place of "exile"? Why did Adam and thus Abraham had a better place of "stay" as compared to their spouses?

    (4) Eve and Hajar were the great mothers' of the mankind. Why indeed, the "harsh" treatment were imposed upon them, as compared to their men? Why not in the first place, Adam and Eve be landing together at the same place, say in the comfortable Mediterranean. Accordingly, why did Abraham need to send Hajar and Ismael to Mecca (Becca), a faraway place from Palestine where he and Sarah-Jacob were residing. Can't he just kept them in the nearby neighborhood? What indeed Allah signaling over all these for the good of mankind?

    (5) In particular, what do all these have to do with Kuching and more important to transform Kuching into the Truly City of Borneo (CoB)? Firstly, I want to suggest the solution on how to make our economy to be better through urban development. Urbanize development is a must to take ourselves to a better state of being. Urbanize development has always been the better economic of scale for agglomeration of most of the human needs. If one cares, one could follow such wisdom of Allah through His creation of the olden days civilization be it in Nile, Euphrates, Ganges and Yang Tze. Old days Civilization started from the rivers (water). The original Sarawak and later Kuching, it started with the Sarawak river. For such reasons, for Sarawak, I'm focusing to Kuching as the potential for a conceptual better urban development. As per today, our economy is in distress. There seem to be some form of stagnation is happening. Structurally, we are coming to the Zero Sum Game of the economy. We seem to be meeting our economic plateau point by reason there are sectors that is cancelling the positive effect of the others. Definitely growth is there, but not really a healthy prospering growth to all. Unemployment among our graduates is high and even if they are employed, their salary doesn't commensurate with their academic qualification. The same applies to the rest of the population. People are unable to cope with the ever rising cost of living due to faster rising of cost of living as compared to net income growth.  Even if we look into the whole of Borneo, the third largest island in the world after Greenland and Papua New Guinea, with huge natural resources, we are still in the state of the Lower Third World hierarchy. Thus as I had said many times, we must take serious note or lesson from how Allah manage things as a clue to resolve our problem and improve ourselves. So much so, the best city development progression and purposes should emulate from His design and rationales.  Thus, I'm looking at Kuching vis-a-vis Mecca in my city development model thinking process. As Muslim, it is very ignorance if one can't see the beauty of Allah "wisdom's" in all of His creations. He placed Kaaba in Mecca and definitely by virtue of Mecca landscapes, He must be having great "wisdom" on how Mecca will evolve into a prosperous and harmonious city place that people could emulate all over despite its barren and isolated nature.

    (6) Kuching comparatively to the early Mecca, there is nothing much there. Mecca was barren desert, and Kuching was peat and mangrove mudflat. Naturally both were barren places. One was with the least water endowment, while the later having too much. Secondly, both were least populated. Third, both were well isolated. Nonetheless Allah designed for these places was beyond human comprehension. Indeed there were so many the none feasible factors for Mecca and Kuching to be developed as a city far more to say a Centripetal City Place. Therefore, taking all these into a basket, there is no hope that Kuching should grow into the City of Borneo (CoB). But my belief is otherwise, for as I said, and as repeated in the Al Quran many times: "Nothing is created by Allah without its merit", thus there is nothing that Kuching couldn't emulate Mecca of the past to Mecca of today. With Mecca, indeed Allah wisdom is, there is nothing impossible if  one is determine and having passion and patience. Mecca was built from the ruble of the Kaaba by both Abraham and Ismael. From barren ruble, Mecca turns to be the World Largest Multi-Islamic Cultural Holly City, and In Shaa Allah it will forever expanding and evolving. Thus, Kuching can be developed into the City of Borneo, a City of Truly Borneo despite of all its handicaps just as the early Mecca.

    (7) To me, from the way Mecca had evolved, from desert to thematic Multi-national Islamic Cultural City, Kuching could as well emulate such strategic wisdom ie to be developed along a strategic international theme. For such, based on its nature therefore my best presumption, Kuching could and must be developed into the City of Borneo.

    (8) At time of Eve, Mecca was a one-person-city place. Today, Mecca has a permanent population of 1.53 millions but with at least 30-35 million visitors annually and it is growing probably at the rate of 3-5 percents a year. As an overall, Saudi Arabia is having 28.61 million population (2018), which means even deriving from the Pilgrimages, Saudi indeed should never having any economic or income issues in making the kingdom a prosperous and harmonious place to stay and visit. Indeed today Mecca should be a Multi-National Islamic Cultural City. There is no other city world-wide having such an aura, not even the Vatican City of Rome. No any other religion is now embraced by almost all of the world ethnics population, except Islam. Mecca initially was a focal City for almost all of the Arabs, Persian, African  and even Turks ethnicity and cultures. Today, indeed Mecca (and Madinah) is a City of Islamic Multi-Cultural setting, if politic is discounted from the making of the Saudi Arabia in general and Mecca-Madinah specifically. BaitulMuqaddis was the City that once having the aura of today Mecca, but Allah had made the Muslims to turn away from BaitulMuqaddis. In today City Planning sense, indeed as the doa by Abraham, the man whom revived Mecca (Kaaba) from ruble, "Oo Allah make this City a place of prosperity and harmony for all humankind", and so should it be to this days. Unfortunately the Saud had not made Mecca into Multi-National Islamic Cultural and Spiritual City. Indeed apart from its Islamic theological Central, Mecca for its original isolation is indeed a strength that Allah want us to uncover.  I presume, Allah may want us to see how Muslims should realise His saying "In diversity, you should celebrate for in its you will get to know each others" which to me, He wants us to see how the celebration of diversity could lead to unity, prosperity and harmony through justice.

    (9) Now I will address the notion of the City of Borneo. Why Kuching? Why not Kota Kinabalu, Pontianak, Palangkaria, Banjar Masin, Balik Papan, Bandar Sri Bangawan (BSB), etc? Well surely, I admit it is all about vision. We must have a vision to place ourselves above others without making others worst off. Better off if our vision is meant for the good of all. I believe Sarawak ie Kuching can do it, so let get moving. While we are on our path to prosperity and harmony, so the rest must also be granted as such. Justice must be honored. Indeed my view, by making Kuching as the City of Borneo, such will be giving the phenomena of high tide raise all boats. I believe, KalBar, KalSel, and KalTeng will benefit from the making of Kuching CoB. Even Brunei, Sabah and KalTim would have the trickling effect at the later stage.

    (10) City of Borneo, to my definition is a City that having the multi-cultural Borneo taste. Kuching should be made a place where the Bornean and the world could celebrate the multi-cultural and creativity of Borneo. It is a City of Borneo convergence. People, cultures, products and many others of Borneo should be there in Kuching for the world to celebrate. This is a City that is built over passing religious, racial, political, cultural and values differences. This is a City that resembles and appreciate the celebration of Allah created Tropical diversity. The tropical is green and important to the world for its content and celebration of diversity. Kuching must go along the same path of development.

    (11) Definitely a vision must be grounded with all the strong backup rationales. What indeed are the solid advantages of Kuching over the others? Firstly let have a look at all the Borneo major cities. Bandar Sri Bangawan is well secluded due to its enclave by Malaysia. Its inland bound is very limited. Kota Kinabalu is far to the North. Again its inland connectivity to the rest of Borneo is limiting, though its international access is equally as good if not better than Kuching. Pontianak, Banjar Masin, and Balik Papan are southern bound coastal cities of Kalimantan. Their international access is limited through Jakarta. They are having international distance connectivity disadvantages. Thus from the spatial perspective, Kuching has the better international frontage either by land, sea and even air. Indeed Kuching has greater access to Indochina and Far East for the hinterland people and products of Borneo. Kuching is having greater hinterland networks and thus is having greater access to all the rich Borneo hinterland endowment. In 5-10 years time, Kuching is commanding the Central Place for Borneo. Building on this advantage, In Shaa Allah will amke Kuching sustainably in the fore front of the others.

    (12) I'm postulating. Kuching is just about 40 miles from the Equatorial Line. The Equatorial Line crosses right through Pontianak, such makes it the Borneo Equator City. Kuching is just 40 miles North of the Equatorial Line plus its location toward the South China Sea, thus sunlight, humidity cloud cover, and wind nature of Kuching I would say is much challenging as compared to any other cities of Borneo. I believe Kuching is facing much challenging climatic regimes as compare to the others. In the electromagnetic sense, such is much tougher to address say as compared to lesser climatic problematic areas. These natural climatic challenges, if properly over come, I would predict, Kuching will give Borneo the best solution over Digital Communication environment. I presume, locational advantages and over coming climatic "challenges" is the best advantage for Kuching to be Borneo Digital Hub. Such advantage, gives Kuching the best digital communique positioning among others. Kuching can be made the Digital Gateway for the whole of Borneo.

    (13) Borneo is a multi-cultural and religious region. The diverse culture and resources of Borneo given rise to multi-talents and creativity. All these could be celebrated at one place entity for ease of marketing and achieving the economic of scale. Kuching could take central role for such purposes.

    (14) Accordingly, over the past 50-60 years, Kuching apart from BSB has the most socio-political stability as compared to the rest of Borneo cities. The multi-ethnicity of Sarawak had molded Kuching into a peaceful and harmony Administrative and Industrial City. The social balanced had kept Kuching to its peaceful and harmonious charisma. Such socio-political harmony of Kuching gives her the best asset to traject higher and faster from the rest of Borneo.

    (15) With Kuching present locality advantages as centre for resources, cultural agglomeration and ICT Gateway potentials couple by its peaceful and harmonious sphere, thus I have a strong belief that Kuching can organise itself to be, first the Entre Port of Borneo, second Health, Educational, Arts and Cultural City, thirdly Industrial City, and fourthly Information Gateway of Borneo. Thus my scope of City of Borneo for Kuching covers the areas of International Trade, Tourism, Manufacturing and ICT Hub.

    (16) Definitely, my spatial definition of Kuching CoB is stretching beyond the present Kuching. Indeed I'm looking at the space from Tg Dato in Lundu to as far as Tg Manis in Sarikei. No doubt, the present Kuching will be the core for Kuching CoB. Sematan, Lundu, Bau, Serian, Simunjan, Pusa and Tg Manis, I'm postulating as the metropolitan of Kuching CoB. Sematan, Pusa and Tg Manis need to be part and parcel of Kuching CoB for they are having the strengths to enhance the Natural Tourism facets, Bulking Port facilities and Industrial specialization. Sematan in Lundu and Sambas of KalBar are having great tourism potentials that could be developed so as to provide the synergy and economic of scale. Sematan-Bako Coastline and Serikin-Bau Limestone Hinterland offer great tourism opportunities development to the eastern of Kuching. Particularly the Tg Pok-Sematan Bay; the sandy and mangrove nature mixed of the coastline, is unique tourism feature of its own virtue. Accordingly, the rich fishing ground of Singkawang to Sematan sea area is a best gift by Allah for seafood loving population of the East. Nature and food-based tourism could be well place for the advancement of this region. The limestone hinterland of Lundu-Bau would provide the added Nature and Adventure type of tourism experiences.

    (17) With the emergence of China as a rich State so much so, almost all Indochinese states vis Thailand, Chambodia, and Vietnam and even the Philippines are crazy in capturing their tourism demand. The Chinese-tourism is now dominated by the emergence of the effluent communities, so much so their liking is more toward built-up and high dense tourism activities. I have a strong believe, over time all these will fade away and people will be going back to healthy-nature-based tourism. Indeed Sarawak should now wisely capitalize the turning away of other parts of tourism-liking from the traditional Indochinese. We could build tourism heaven away from the Chinese craziness and thus capturing our own niche market.

    (18) Pusa and Tg Manis, if well connected to Nanga Badau and Tebedu, they could play the great Bulking Export Points and Processing for KalBar, KalTeng and KalSel produces. Both Pusa and Tg Manis could be turned into Food and Food-based Industrial Centers with raw material be drawn form Kalimantan and as well as from the locals. A Bulking facilities could be explored in Pusa, Betong. I can foresee, Pusa can be developed into the Oleo-Chemical Industrial Hub to cater for Sarawak Southern Region, KalBar and KalTeng palm oil production. Accordingly, through proper strategic international arrangement trade between Malaysia and Indonesia, I can foresee, similar treatment for the KalBar and KalTeng forest and bulk mining produces. Pusa and Tg Manis can be the Industrial Centers for KalBar, KalTeng and KalSel produces. With such bulks export facilities be placed out of Kuching, not only will ease heavy vehicles from entering Kuching but most important, expansion for the down stream effects of such business will be better facilitated. Cheaper land for various other related development would be easily available. For long term urban sustainable development and as well as to position ourselves better into the regional food and food-based industrial development, I strongly suggest both Pusa and Tg Manis plus all the potential new growth center be well developed along the concept of green tropical cities.

    (19) I'm thinking that we should be brave enough to look a the Tebedu-Pusa-Lubok Antu-Tg Manis as new growth coridor. The land in this corridor should be fully developed into multi-mixed agro-industrial source of raw material. Accordingly, infrastructural development and enhancement in the area would turn the area into strong economic hinterland for Kuching CoB. The Illustration provide to the left is my initial visualization of infrastructural development network for the region plus all the potential new growth areas that will spur from such initiatives. All these is needed to build a strong economic hinterland economies for the sustainable growth of Kuching. Most important, all these new growth centers would regulate the effect of immigration to Kuching. Kuching then could be well developed into Healthy Borneo Cultural City Center for it will be relieved of all unnecessary urban over crowding pressures.

    (20) Indeed both Tebedu and Lubok Antu could be a great gateway for KalBar and KalTeng population and bulk produces. Inland Port facilities could be developed in these two places. What needed is for Sarawak to aggressively facilitate for such to happen. In this sense, Sarawak (and GOM) must have the courage to look at the bigger economic and mutual international gains from such facilitation. Infrastructure especially better road and probably bulk train access could be workout for the purposes. Indeed, the Tebedu-Pusa-Lubok Antu-Tg Manis corridor is having high potential for the advance oil palm and oleo-chemical industrial development if couple with those of KalBar. Accordingly, I can see Pontianak-Putu Sibau is best for the Kapuas International Ghost Ride Fiesta, from Vampire City (Pontianak) to Ghost Town (Lubok Antu) if we could take such seriously and creatively. Indeed good road network between Tebedu and Lubok Antu to Kuching will definitely facilitate for all the KalBar, KalTeng and KalSel arts and creativity inflow into Kuching, and thus making Kuchin a much prosperous and harmonious City of Borneo Cultural Celebration.

    (21) Kuala Lumpur and Kuching should work on a best Spatial and Investment Plan on such an idea. Thereon GOM and GOS should work to the best arrangement on how to use our present earning from O&G and thus to really building a much higher growth and prosperity beyond O&G. As we know, O&G resources of the Nation is not going to be forever there. But an honest and smart synergy of GOM and GOS to work on the best return over our O&G resources would be the best for the State and as well as the Nation. I have a strong belief, BSB would love to place their interest to build greater wealth from  their present potential "diminishing" wealth. Both GOM and GOS could takeon BSB to their long term wealth interest creation. We can also work with Singapore.

    (22) Sarawak indeed can offer almost all the required development impetus needed by KalBar, KalTeng and KalSel through the good working spirit of Sosek Malindo and BIMP EAGA. Our much advance utilities development could be exported to Kalimantan states. Both GOM and GOS should be having a very strong working arrangement to really building Sarawak to her best along the notion of enriching the neighbor ie the Kalimantan. I have a very strong belief that Brunei, Singapore, ADB and IDB would be more happy to chip in. Let make Borneo as our best foundation in transforming the Nusantara Economic Caucus as we had envisioned sometimes ago. Regatta, Top Spinning, Kite Flying and even Silat are our forefathers left culture and arts that we should seriously read in between the lines as our great strengths to be together and be strong.

    (23) As per Kuching per se, to turn Kuching into CoB, GOS need to relook at reshaping Kuching Urban Fabrics to such Kuching should move to a modern green city touch. Numerous urban renewal and or infill need to be done. To name a few, Simpang Tiga Complex, Baddarudin Complex, the RTM-Telkom Complex, Brooke Dockyard, and former BinaMara should be revamped and turn all those into the modern setting for both local and visitors places of interest. In order to facilitate such urban renewal process Kuching should then be having a proper Integrated Modern Administrative Center (IMAC) to place all these public institutions to their most cost-effective public services delivery positioning. The present state of public institutions in Simpang Tiga, Badaruddin, RTM etc I would say is a shame of the State and Nation as we are moving into a Developed Nation. Each of these Complexes, if properly planned and developed on thematic approach, definitely would make Kuching a healthy working, living and a must visit CoB. As key component of CoB, facilities such as the international accord High Learning and Skill Development facilities should be well conceived to carter for Human Resource Development within the Borneo and Indochina. Accordingly, the present Kuching Historical City Zones should be enhanced to provide not only a lovely visiting place, but most important is to turn all those into the true multi-cultural setting of Sarawak in particular and Borneo in general. By virtue of our diverse ethnicity similarity with the rest of Borneo, by so doing, Kuching definitely will be capturing the whole of Borneo Cultural components, and thus giving the perspective of Truly Borneo images. Most important, the present Kuching had been known for its advantage in marketing the Borneo Creative Crafts. This aspect of the Borneo's Creativity could be well capitalise not only as key attraction to Kuching as CoB, but most important as a means to foster stronger Borneo Cultural Bonding. Accordingly, for stronger international marketing advantages, our City Landscapes should keep to the need to uphold our diverse tropical setting. We need to secure the West, Middle East and Far East Market by offering the best Green Tropical City Setting of Kuching. Borneo is tropical, keeping Kuching Sustainable Tropical Setting will add spice to our Kuching CoB vision. The present Kuching International Rain Forest Musical and Tatoo Festival is something that we must expand and sustain.

    (24) In the advancement of today 21st century industrial revolution particularly wrt the 4.0 Industrial Generation, Borneo in particular is having great disadvantages. Our key setback is wrt to our infrastructural development gaps. Despite so, Kuching in particular is well located within the high potential major international trading route. So much so, if we dare to take a much strategic positioning, Kuching indeed can evolve into the Borneo ICT Hub. Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong Kong, Honolulu and even Sydney can be well connected to Kuching and the rest of Borneo if we could quickly harness the ICT framework to our advantages. For Sarawak to realize its Digital Economic Vision, to start with, we can first begin with the tourism related marketing, E-Education, E-Arts and Cultural Innovation, and as well as E-Medical. Thus, GOS need to move fast to integrate our present infrastucture development with the ICT Infostructure buildup.

    (25) As the Kuching CoB build up going steady, we then should move as the Borneo Financial House of which ICT will then be well capitalized. For Kuching to be as such, we need to be smart and far sighted enough to work with Brunei, Singapore, Hong Kong and Tokyo for the purposes. We need to work hard and smart with Kuala Lumpur to make Kuching as Borneo Financial Center. Sarawak, Sabah, Brunei and all the Kalimantan should join force to turn Borneo into the 2050 High Potential World Economic Power. I believe, Jakarta is ever ready to work with us so as to help them to ease Java from all the distress that they are now facing. Making Kuching CoB is helping Borneo to be the World Economic Power and thus easing Jakarta from the headache of Java's problems. Accordingly, definitely Sarawak as a whole will gain better footing. In Shaa Allah.

    (26) Who would be the enabler for all these? If in the 1960s, there exist MNC to spear the economic development in the colonized states, such was 60 years ago. With today free flows of capital and expertise definitely with proper smart arrangement, all these could be packaged nicely to a win-win investments. Our key State GLCs plus many others in Kuala Lumpur, we can consolidate our experiences and strengths to be the movers and enablers together with all those private sectors that are now most eager to expand. What indeed immediately needed is for GOS to have a Comprehensive Public-Private Sector Economic Development and Investment Plan for everybody to work on.  Accordingly we must quickly established high competent and good governance system. Our present governing system must be revamped to the best cost-efficient. We need to have very proactive and high integrity Civil Service and Political System. And since Sarawak is quite an autonomous State within Malaysia, we should take such position into a much higher level, and thus working within the Federation Framework to move ourselves, the Nation and region into a more prosperous and harmonious footing.  In Shaa Allah.

    Kuching, Sarawak
    27 Sept., 2018

               Comment on Robot of the Week by David Foster       Cache   Translate Page      
    WSJ article this morning on autonomous delivery vehicles mentions small deliver robots <a href="" rel="nofollow">now delivering pizza, coffee, etc at the George Mason University campus</a>.
              Autonomous Parking Systems Market 2019 Size, Share, Growth, Global Technology Analysis, Global Technological-Advancements, Application, Industry Present-Scenario and Future-Predictions by 2024      Cache   Translate Page      
    Research Study on “Autonomous Parking Systems Market 2019” Highlights on Different Features of the Market with a Specific Spotlight on Distinguishing the Key Business Influencers. Report also Offers an Up-to-Date Analysis of the Market with Regards to the Innovations, Current Competitive Landscape & Latest Trends.
              Autonomous vehicles could be an environmental boon or disaster, depending on public policy      Cache   Translate Page      
    Princeton University, Engineering School Widespread use of autonomous vehicles (AVs) could either massively increase or drastically cut greenhouse gas emissions depending, in large part, on public policy, according to new research from Princeton University. “We need fuel economy standards to ensure the cars are clean, and policies to encourage ridesharing to reduce vehicle miles traveled,”…
              VW to Cut Jobs, Costs in Transition to Electric, Autonomous Cars      Cache   Translate Page      
    Volkswagen AG’s main car brand plans to deepen cost cuts and ax more jobs as profits slip in the industry’s shift to electric and self-driving cars.
              Electrical Engineer      Cache   Translate Page      
    MD-Westminster, Electrical Engineer Description Our client in the Westminster, MD, area is looking for an Electrical Engineer to develop robotic solutions for ground combat vehicles. The work will entail everything from first concepts, to the development and deployment of these advanced systems. The designs may range from semi-autonomous to fully autonomous capabilities leveraging the latest in technology (ML, AI
              Will Ethnocide in Western China become genocide?      Cache   Translate Page      

    At this moment, China has as many as one million Uighurs, Kazakhs, and other Muslim minorities held in concentration camps in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in northwestern China. This has been ongoing for some time now and is beginning, finally, to be noticed.

    The post Will Ethnocide in Western China become genocide? appeared first on The Westside Gazette.

              Autonomous system lookup using command line in Linux      Cache   Translate Page      


    Autonomous System (AS) is Internet (TCP/IP) terminology for a collection of gateways (routers) that fall under one administrative entity.

    An Autonomous System Number (ASN) is a numerical identifier for networks participating in Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). BGP is the protocol in which route paths are advertised throughout the world. Without BGP, Internet traffic could not leave local networks.

    An ASN is defined by a group of Internet protocol blocks even 4 or 6 version. Here I define a small function in bash which could help to get important information about an IP address using dig ( DNS tool ) provided by the package dnsutils.

    The function is named asn take as parameter an IP address, you could append the content of the function below to your ~/.bashrc and call it from your shell like below:

    function asn() { dig $(dig -x $1 | grep PTR | tail -n 1 | grep -Eo ‘[0–9]{1,3}\.[0–9]{1,3}\.[0–9]{1,3}\.[0–9]{1,3}’) TXT +short }

    $ asn

    The result of the function call show these pieces of information:

    “38684 | | KR | apnic | 2001–03–21”

    The ASN is 38684 which declare the hole block attributed by apnic Regional Internet Registry (RIR) to South Korea (KR) since 2001–03–21.

    cymru team does a good job and comes with an important whois database, we could request this database from a command line. The similar result to the one given above using dig tool comes with whois the native command to request a whois server:

    For your information, the whois server is a service that listens on port 43 and he is primordial for each registry such as RIRs, LIRs, … and others Internet entities.

    $ whois -h “-v”

    AS | IP | BGP Prefix | CC | Registry | Allocated | AS Name

    38684 | | | KR | apnic | 2001–03–21 | CMBDAEJEON-AS-KR CMB Daejeon Broadcasting Co,.Ltd, KR

    Here we have retrieved some interesting information from the cymru whois server, another whois servers may give a full detailed report about a route, inetnum, ASN and more.

    Please if you enjoy the article let me know it.

              Researchers Have Taught Robots Self Awareness of Their Own Bodies      Cache   Translate Page      

    Columbia Engineering's robot learns what it is, with zero prior knowledge of physics, geometry, or motor dynamics. After a period of "babbling," and within about a day of intensive computing, the robot creates a self-simulation, which it can then use to contemplate and adapt to different situations, handling new tasks as well as detecting and repairing damage in its body. (Source: Robert Kwiatkowski/Columbia Engineering) 

    What if a robot had the ability to become kinematically self-aware, in essence, developing its own model, based on observation and analysis of its own characteristics?

    Researchers at Columbia University have developed a process in which a robot "can auto-generate its own self model," that will accurately simulate its forward kinematics, which can be run at any point in time to update and essentially calibrate the robot as it experiences wear, damage, or reconfiguration – thereby allowing an autonomous robotic control system to achieve the highest accuracy and performance. The same self model can then be used to learn additional tasks.

    For robots designed to perform critical tasks, it is essential to have an accurate kinematic model describing the robot's mechanical characteristics. This will allow the controller to project response times, inertial behavior, overshoot, and other characteristics that could potentially lead the robot's response to diverge from an issued command, and compensate for them.

    The robotic arm in multiple poses as it was collecting data through random motion. (Image source: Robert Kwiatkowski/Columbia Engineering)

    This requirement presents several challenges: First, as robotic mechanisms get more complex, the ability to produce a mathematically accurate model becomes more difficult. This is especially true for soft robotics, which tend to exhibit highly non-linear behavior. Second, once in service, robots can change, either through wear or damage, or simply experience different types of loads while in operation. Finally, the user may choose to reconfigure the robot to perform a different function from the one it was originally deployed for. In each of these cases, the kinematic model embedded in the controller may fail to achieve satisfactory result if not updated.

    According to Robert Kwiatkowski, a doctoral student involved in the Columbia University research, a type of "self-aware robot," capable of overcoming these challenges was demonstrated in their laboratory. The team conducted the experiments using a four-degree-of freedom articulated robotic arm. The robot moved randomly through 1,000 trajectories collecting state data at 100 points along each one. The state data was derived from positional encoders on the motor and the end effector and was then fed, along with the corresponding commands, into a deep learning neural network. “Other sensing technology, such as indoor GPS would have likely worked just as well,” according to Kwiatkowski.

    One point that Kwiatkowski emphasized was that this model had no prior knowledge of the robot's shape, size, or other characteristics, nor, for that matter, did it know anything about the laws of physics.

    Initially, the models were very inaccurate. "The robot had no clue what it was, or how its joints were connected." But after 34 hours of training the model become consistent with the physical robot to within about four centimeters.

    This self-learned model was then installed into a robot and was able to perform pick-and-place operations with a 100% rate in a closed-loop test. In an open loop test, which Kwiatkowski said is equivalent to picking up objects with your eyes closed (a task even difficult for humans), it achieved 44% success.

    Overall, the robot achieved an error rate comparable to the robot's own re-installed operating system. The self-modeling capability makes the robot far more autonomous,Kwiatkowski said. To further demonstrate this, the researchers replaced one of the robotic linkages with one having different characteristics (weight, stiffness, and shape) and the system updated its model and continued to perform as expected.

    This type of capability could be extremely useful for an autonomous vehicle that could continuously update its state model in response to changes due to wear, variable internal loads, and driving conditions.

    Clearly more work is required to achieve a model that can converge in seconds rather than hours. From here, the research will to proceed to look into more complex systems.

    RP Siegel, PE, has a master's degree in mechanical engineering and worked for 20 years in R&D at Xerox Corp. An inventor with 50 patents and now a full-time writer, RP finds his primary interest at the intersection of technology and society. His work has appeared in multiple consumer and industry outlets, and he also co-authored the eco-thriller  Vapor Trails.

    ESC, Embedded Systems Conference


    The nation's largest embedded systems conference is back with a new education program tailored to the needs of today's embedded systems professionals, connecting you to hundreds of software developers, hardware engineers, start-up visionaries, and industry pros across the space. Be inspired through hands-on training and education across five conference tracks. Plus, take part in technical tutorials delivered by top embedded systems professionals. Click here to register today!

              RN Case Manager – Home Health Care      Cache   Translate Page      

    Our mission is about creating relationships that make a meaningful difference in people’s lives

    Join Recover Health and our team of individuals who are inspired by the same beliefs and values and embody our mission to create relationships that make a difference in the lives of those we care for, work with, and encounter in our business activities.

    Position Summary:

    It’s an exciting time to be a part of the Recover Health’s Home Health Care program – we are growing in every community we serve. We offer extensive training, flexible scheduling, and a wide array of opportunities for continued education. Your skills will be put into action to:

    • Focus on the unique needs of our clients and their families

    • Make a difference together using skill, hard work, and an affinity for learning, laughter, and goodwill

    • Make everyday living easier and more comfortable for our clients

    • Help allow our clients to remain in their home longer and gain independence

    What you will do:

    • Develop a plan of care through physician orders, client input and nursing assessment to include medical interventions and measurable goals and outcomes

    • Provide services in accordance with the plan of care, licensing guidelines, professional medical standards, and agency policies & procedures

    • Educate clients and their family members and properly orient, train primary care givers to insure most optimal functioning level for each client

    • Coordinate the continuum of client care through the timely completion of accurate and comprehensive documentation and timely communication with the client's physician and other care givers.

    • Apply exceptional organizational and time management skills to assess and document client services during the home visit

    • Continuously measure the effectiveness of services to reach the maximum client rehab potential

    • Investigate and take appropriate actions on client or employee concerns/complaints


    • Associate RN degree or higher and active RN License in the state of application

    • One year (RN) Home Health Care experience is preferred

    • Oasis and ICD9/10 knowledge/experience is preferred

    • Effective communication, interpersonal and critical thinking skills

    • Ability to work autonomously

    The post RN Case Manager – Home Health Care appeared first on North Iowa Area Community College.

              Cruise Automation plans to double in size in 2019, report says - Roadshow      Cache   Translate Page      
    The GM-funded self-driving car startup will double its current workforce this year in advance of launching its autonomous taxi program.
              Three years ago, Elon Musk said a Tesla car would be able to drive itself across the country by the end of 2017 — but that still hasn't happened (TSLA)      Cache   Translate Page      

    Elon Musk Tesla

    • In October 2016, Elon Musk said a Tesla vehicle would be able to drive itself across the country by the end of 2017.
    • It's now 2019, and a Tesla car has yet to drive itself across the country.
    • Musk now says he expects Tesla cars will be able to operate without any driver intervention by 2020.

    In October 2016, Tesla CEO Elon Musk said on a press call that a Tesla vehicle would be able to drive itself across the country, from Los Angeles to New York City, by the end of 2017.

    It seemed like an ambitious goal at the time. And it certainly turned out to be more ambitious than Musk, or Tesla, had expected.

    In 2015, Musk said he expected a Tesla to be able to drive itself across the country by 2018. When he modified his statement in October 2016, it seemed like Tesla's autonomous driving system was ahead of schedule.

    Now, almost three years later, Tesla's driverless car goals still seem far away — but Musk keeps making promises anyway.

    Just last month, Musk said he was "certain" that Tesla vehicles would be able to operate without driver intervention by the end of 2019, pending regulatory approval.

    "I think we will be feature-complete full self-driving this year, meaning the car will be able to find you in a parking lot, pick you up, take you all the way to your destination without an intervention — this year," Musk said in an interview with ARK Invest. "I would say that I am certain of that. That is not a question mark."

    But Musk qualified this statement, too, saying updates to Tesla's driverless systems this year would still require drivers to pay attention to the road while Autopilot is active.

    In terms of when consumers can expect Tesla cars to fully drive themselves without any driver intervention, Musk estimated in the interview that that could happen by the end of next year, 2020. He also said both software updates would depend on regulatory approval.

    Of course, building cars — and sophisticated car software that can sense its surroundings and make the right decisions to act accordingly — is an extremely difficult endeavor, one that Tesla and rival car companies are still pioneering. And Tesla has made great strides with its Autopilot system, which debuted in 2014. But given how Musk and Tesla continue pushing the timetable for fully autonomous driving, year after year, we wouldn't be surprised to see further delays to this particular goal.

    We reached out to Tesla about its ever-changing timeline for self-driving cars. The company declined to comment.

    SEE ALSO: Elon Musk wants to build a high-speed tunnel underneath Las Vegas, and it sounds like it's going to actually happen

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Everything we know about Samsung’s foldable phone

              3/14/2019: Business: Spark shows driverless cars as another 5G user      Cache   Translate Page      

    Spark is showcasing driverless cars as yet another use for the speedy 5G network that is at least another year away from being available in New Zealand. The telco has collaborated with Kiwi start-up Ohmio, which has been trialling autonomous vehicles...
              Request For Quotation For Supply And Delivery Of 2 Units Payao W/ Complete Accessories      Cache   Translate Page      
    Request For Quotation For Supply And Delivery Of 2 Units Payao W/ Complete Accessories
    Implementing Rules and Regulations


    1. The Local Government Unit Maconacon, Isabela, through the 2018 GENERAL FUND of the Municipal Agriculturist Office amounting one hundred Thousand pesos only(100,000 .00) being the Approved Budget for the Contract (ABC) to payments under the contract for the REQUEST FOR QUOTATION FOR SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF 2 UNITS PAYAO W/ COMPLETE ACCESSORIES N received in excess of the ABC shall be automatically rejected a bid opening.

    2. The LGU Maconacon, Isabela now REQUEST FOR QUOTATION FOR SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF 2 UNITS PAYAO W/ COMPLETE ACCESSORIES. The description of an eligible bidder is contained in the Bidding Documents, particularly, in Section II. Instructions to Bidders.

    3. Bidding will be conducted through open competitive bidding procedures using a non-discretionary pass/fail criterion as specified in the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of Republic Act (RA) 9184, otherwise known as the Government Procurement Reform Act.

    Bidding is restricted to Filipino citizens/sole proprietorships, partnerships, or organizations with at least sixty percent (60%) interest or outstanding capital stock belonging to citizens of the Philippines, and to citizens or organizations of a country the laws or regulations of which grant similar rights or privileges to Filipino citizens, pursuant to RA 5183 and subject to Commonwealth Act 138.

    4. Interested bidders may obtain further information from LGU Maconacon, Isabela BAC and inspect the Bidding Documents at the address given below during 8:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M..

    A complete set of Bidding Documents may be purchased by interested Bidders from March 11-15, 2019 8:000 AM to 5:00 PM from the address below and upon payment of a nonrefundable fee for the Bidding Documents in the amount of Five hundred Pesos (P500.00) only.

    5. The LGU Maconacon, Isabela will hold a Pre-Bid Conference on March 13, 2019 9am at the LGU Municipal Hall Building, LGU Compound which shall be open to all interested parties.

    6. Bids must be delivered to the address below on or before March 15, 2019 8:30am All Bids must be accompanied by a bid security in any of the acceptable forms and in the amount stated in ITB Clause 18.1.

    7. Bid opening shall be on March 15, 2019 9 am at LGU Municipal Hall, LGU Compound. Bids will be opened in the presence of the Bidders representatives who choose to attend at the address below. Late bids shall not be accepted.

    8. The LGU Maconacon, Isabela reserves the right to accept or reject any bid, to annul the bidding process, and to reject all bids at any time prior to contract award, without thereby incurring any liability to the affected bidder or bidders.

    9. For further information, please refer to:

    Email ad:

    Bids and Awards Committee

    A. General
    1. Scope of Bid
    1.1. The procuring entity named in the BDS (hereinafter referred to as the Procuring Entity) wishes to receive bids for the REQUEST FOR QUOTATION FOR SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF 2 UNITS PAYAO W/ COMPLETE ACCESSORIES

    as described in Section VII. Technical Specifications (hereinafter referred to as the Goods).
    1.2. The name, identification, and number of lots specific to this bidding are provided in the BDS. The contracting strategy and basis of evaluation of lots is described in ITB Clause 28.
    2. Source of Funds
    The Procuring Entity has a budget or has applied for or received funds from the Funding Source named in the BDS, and in the amount indicated in the BDS. It intends to apply part of the funds received for the Project, as defined in the BDS, to cover eligible payments under the contract.
    3. Corrupt, Fraudulent, Collusive, and Coercive Practices
    3.1. The Procuring Entity as well as the bidders and suppliers shall observe the highest standard of ethics during the procurement and execution of the contract. In pursuance of this policy, the Procuring Entity:
    (a) defines, for purposes of this provision, the terms set forth below as follows:
    (i) corrupt practice means behavior on the part of officials in the public or private sectors by which they improperly and unlawfully enrich themselves, others, or induce others to do so, by misusing the position in which they are placed, and includes the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of anything of value to influence the action of any such official in the procurement process or in contract execution; entering, on behalf of the government, into any contract or transaction manifestly and grossly disadvantageous to the same, whether or not the public officer profited or will profit thereby, and similar acts as provided in RA 3019.
    (ii) fraudulent practice means a misrepresentation of facts in order to influence a procurement process or the execution of a contract to the detriment of the Procuring Entity, and includes collusive practices among Bidders (prior to or after bid submission) designed to establish bid prices at artificial, non-competitive levels and to deprive the Procuring Entity of the benefits of free and open competition.
    (iii) collusive practices means a scheme or arrangement between two or more Bidders, with or without the knowledge of the Procuring Entity, designed to establish bid prices at artificial, non-competitive levels.
    (iv) coercive practices means harming or threatening to harm, directly or indirectly, persons, or their property to influence their participation in a procurement process, or affect the execution of a contract;
    (v) obstructive practice is
    (aa) deliberately destroying, falsifying, altering or concealing of evidence material to an administrative proceedings or investigation or making false statements to investigators in order to materially impede an administrative proceedings or investigation of the Procuring Entity or any foreign government/foreign or international financing institution into allegations of a corrupt, fraudulent, coercive or collusive practice; and/or threatening, harassing or intimidating any party to prevent it from disclosing its knowledge of matters relevant to the administrative proceedings or investigation or from pursuing such proceedings or investigation; or

    (bb) acts intended to materially impede the exercise of the inspection and audit rights of the Procuring Entity or any foreign government/foreign or international financing institution herein.
    (b) will reject a proposal for award if it determines that the Bidder recommended for award has engaged in any of the practices mentioned in this Clause for purposes of competing for the contract.
    3.2. Further, the Procuring Entity will seek to impose the maximum civil, administrative, and/or criminal penalties available under applicable laws on individuals and organizations deemed to be involved in any of the practices mentioned in ITB Clause (a).
    3.3. Furthermore, the Funding Source and the Procuring Entity reserve the right to inspect and audit records and accounts of a bidder or supplier in the bidding for and performance of a contract themselves or through independent auditors as reflected in the GCC Clause 2.1.
    4. Conflict of Interest
    4.1. All Bidders found to have conflicting interests shall be disqualified to participate in the procurement at hand, without prejudice to the imposition of appropriate administrative, civil, and criminal sanctions. A Bidder may be considered to have conflicting interests with another Bidder in any of the events described in paragraphs (a) through (c) below and a general conflict of interest in any of the circumstances set out in paragraphs (d) through (f) below:
    (a) A Bidder has controlling shareholders in common with another Bidder;
    (b) A Bidder receives or has received any direct or indirect subsidy from any other Bidder;
    (c) A Bidder has the same legal representative as that of another Bidder for purposes of this bid;
    (d) A Bidder has a relationship, directly or through third parties, that puts them in a position to have access to information about or influence on the bid of another Bidder or influence the decisions of the Procuring Entity regarding this bidding process. This will include a firm or an organization who lends, or temporarily seconds, its personnel to firms or organizations which are engaged in consulting services for the preparation related to procurement for or implementation of the project if the personnel would be involved in any capacity on the same project;
    (e) A Bidder submits more than one bid in this bidding process. However, this does not limit the participation of subcontractors in more than one bid; or
    (f) A Bidder who participated as a consultant in the preparation of the design or technical specifications of the Goods and related services that are the subject of the bid.
    4.2. In accordance with Section 47 of the IRR of RA 9184, all Bidding Documents shall be accompanied by a sworn affidavit of the Bidder that it is not related to the Head of the Procuring Entity, members of the Bids and Awards Committee (BAC), members of the Technical Working Group (TWG), members of the BAC Secretariat, the head of the Project Management Office (PMO) or the end-user unit, and the project consultants, by consanguinity or affinity up to the third civil degree. On the part of the Bidder, this Clause shall apply to the following persons:
    (a) If the Bidder is an individual or a sole proprietorship, to the Bidder himself;
    (b) If the Bidder is a partnership, to all its officers and members;
    (c) If the Bidder is a corporation, to all its officers, directors, and controlling stockholders; and
    (d) If the Bidder is a joint venture (JV), the provisions of items (a), (b), or (c) of this Clause shall correspondingly apply to each of the members of the said JV, as may be appropriate.
    Relationship of the nature described above or failure to comply with this Clause will result in the automatic disqualification of a Bidder.
    5. Eligible Bidders
    5.1. Unless otherwise indicated in the BDS, the following persons shall be eligible to participate in this bidding:
    (a) Duly licensed Filipino citizens/sole proprietorships;
    (b) Partnerships duly organized under the laws of the Philippines and of which at least sixty percent (60%) of the interest belongs to citizens of the Philippines;
    (c) Corporations duly organized under the laws of the Philippines, and of which at least sixty percent (60%) of the outstanding capital stock belongs to citizens of the Philippines;
    (d) Cooperatives duly organized under the laws of the Philippines, and of which at least sixty percent (60%) of the interest belongs to citizens of the Philippines; and
    (e) Persons/entities forming themselves into a JV, i.e., a group of two (2) or more persons/entities that intend to be jointly and severally responsible or liable for a particular contract: Provided, however, that Filipino ownership or interest of the joint venture concerned shall be at least sixty percent (60%).
    5.2. Foreign bidders may be eligible to participate when any of the following circumstances exist, as specified in the BDS:
    (a) When a Treaty or International or Executive Agreement as provided in Section 4 of the RA 9184 and its IRR allow foreign bidders to participate;
    (b) Citizens, corporations, or associations of a country, included in the list issued by the GPPB, the laws or regulations of which grant reciprocal rights or privileges to citizens, corporations, or associations of the Philippines;
    (c) When the Goods sought to be procured are not available from local suppliers; or
    (d) When there is a need to prevent situations that defeat competition or restrain trade.
    5.3. Government corporate entities may be eligible to participate only if they can establish that they (a) are legally and financially autonomous, (b) operate under commercial law, and (c) are not dependent agencies of the GOP or the Procuring Entity.
    5.4. Unless otherwise provided in the BDS, the Bidder must have completed at least one contract similar to the Project the value of which, adjusted to current prices using the National Statistics Office consumer price index, must be at least equivalent to a percentage of the ABC stated in the BDS.
    For this purpose, contracts similar to the Project shall be those described in the BDS, and completed within the relevant period stated in the Invitation to Bid and ITB Clause 12.1(a)(iii).
    5.5. Unless otherwise provided in the BDS, the Bidder must submit a computation of its Net Financial Contracting Capacity (NFCC) or a commitment from a Universal or Commercial Bank to extend a credit line in its favor if awarded the contract for this Project (CLC).
    The NFCC, computed using the following formula, must be at least equal to the ABC to be bid:
    NFCC = [(Current assets minus current liabilities) (K)] minus the value of all outstanding or uncompleted portions of the projects under ongoing contracts, including awarded contracts yet to be started coinciding with the contract for this Project.


    K = 10 for a contract duration of one year or less, 15 for a contract duration of more than one year up to two years, and 20 for a contract duration of more than two years.

    The CLC must be at least equal to ten percent (10%) of the ABC for this Project. If issued by a foreign bank, it shall be confirmed or authenticated by a Universal or Commercial Bank. In the case of local government units (LGUs), the Bidder may also submit CLC from other banks certified by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) as authorized to issue such financial instrument.
    6. Bidders Responsibilities
    6.1. The Bidder or its duly authorized representative shall submit a sworn statement in the form prescribed in Section VIII. Bidding Forms as required in ITB Clause 12.1(b)(i).
    6.2. The Bidder is responsible for the following:
    (a) Having taken steps to carefully examine all of the Bidding Documents;
    (b) Having acknowledged all conditions, local or otherwise, affecting the implementation of the contract;
    (c) Having made an estimate of the facilities available and needed for the contract to be bid, if any; and
    (d) Having complied with its responsibility to inquire or secure Supplemental/Bid Bulletin(s) as provided under ITB Clause 10.3.
    (e) Ensuring that it is not blacklisted or barred from bidding by the GOP or any of its agencies, offices, corporations, or LGUs, including foreign government/foreign or international financing institution whose blacklisting rules have been recognized by the GPPB;

    (f) Ensuring that each of the documents submitted in satisfaction of the bidding requirements is an authentic copy of the original, complete, and all statements and information provided therein are true and correct;

    (g) Authorizing the Head of the Procuring Entity or its duly authorized representative/s to verify all the documents submitted;

    (h) Ensuring that the signatory is the duly authorized representative of the Bidder, and granted full power and authority to do, execute and perform any and all acts necessary and/or to represent the Bidder in the bidding, with the duly notarized Secretarys Certificate attesting to such fact, if the Bidder is a corporation, partnership, cooperative, or joint venture;

    (i) Complying with the disclosure provision under Section 47 of RA 9184 in relation to other provisions of RA 3019; and

    (j) Complying with existing labor laws and standards, in the case of procurement of services.

    Failure to observe any of the above responsibilities shall be at the risk of the Bidder concerned.

    6.3. The Bidder is expected to examine all instructions, forms, terms, and specifications in the Bidding Documents. Unless otherwise indicated in the BDS, failure to furnish all information or documentation required in the Bidding Documents shall result in the rejection of the bid and the disqualification of the Bidder.
    6.4. It shall be the sole responsibility of the Bidder to determine and to satisfy itself by such means as it considers necessary or desirable as to all matters pertaining to the contract to be bid, including: (a) the location and the nature of this Project; (b) climatic conditions; (c) transportation facilities; and (d) other factors that may affect the cost, duration, and execution or implementation of this Project.
    6.5. The Procuring Entity shall not assume any responsibility regarding erroneous interpretations or conclusions by the prospective or eligible bidder out of the data furnished by the procuring entity.
    6.6. The Bidder shall bear all costs associated with the preparation and submission of his bid, and the Procuring Entity will in no case be responsible or liable for those costs, regardless of the conduct or outcome of the bidding process.
    6.7. Before submitting their bids, the Bidder is deemed to have become familiar with all existing laws, decrees, ordinances, acts and regulations of the Philippines which may affect this Project in any way.
    6.8. The Bidder should note that the Procuring Entity will accept bids only from those that have paid the nonrefundable fee for the Bidding Documents at the office indicated in the Invitation to Bid.
    7. Origin of Goods
    Unless otherwise indicated in the BDS, there is no restriction on the origin of goods other than those prohibited by a decision of the United Nations Security Council taken under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, subject to ITB Clause 27.1.
    8. Subcontracts
    8.1. Unless otherwise specified in the BDS, the Bidder may subcontract portions of the Goods to an extent as may be approved by the Procuring Entity and stated in the BDS. However, subcontracting of any portion shall not relieve the Bidder from any liability or obligation that may arise from the contract for this Project.
    8.2. Subcontractors must comply with the eligibility criteria and the documentary requirements specified in the BDS. In the event that any subcontractor is found by the Procuring Entity to be ineligible, the subcontracting of such portion of the Goods shall be disallowed.
    8.3. The Bidder may identify the subcontractor to whom a portion of the Goods will be subcontracted at any stage of the bidding process or during contract implementation. If the Bidder opts to disclose the name of the subcontractor during bid submission, the Bidder shall include the required documents as part of the technical component of its bid.
    B. Contents of Bidding Documents
    9. Pre-Bid Conference
    9.1. (a) If so specified in the BDS, a pre-bid conference shall be held at the venue and on the date indicated therein, to clarify and address the Bidders questions on the technical and financial components of this Project.
    (b) The pre-bid conference shall be held at least twelve (12) calendar days before the deadline for the submission and receipt of bids. If the Procuring Entity determines that, by reason of the method, nature, or complexity of the contract to be bid, or when international participation will be more advantageous to the GOP, a longer period for the preparation of bids is necessary, the pre-bid conference shall be held at least thirty (30) calendar days before the deadline for the submission and receipt of bids, as specified in the BDS.
    9.2. Bidders are encouraged to attend the pre-bid conference to ensure that they fully understand the Procuring Entitys requirements. Non-attendance of the Bidder will in no way prejudice its bid; however, the Bidder is expected to know the changes and/or amendments to the Bidding Documents discussed during the pre-bid conference.
    9.3. Any statement made at the pre-bid conference shall not modify the terms of the Bidding Documents unless such statement is specifically identified in writing as an amendment thereto and issued as a Supplemental/Bid Bulletin.
    10. Clarification and Amendment of Bidding Documents
    10.1. Bidders who have purchased the Bidding Documents may request for clarifications on any part of the Bidding Documents for an interpretation. Such a request must be in writing and submitted to the Procuring Entity at the address indicated in the BDS at least ten (10) calendar days before the deadline set for the submission and receipt of bids.
    10.2. Supplemental/Bid Bulletins may be issued upon the Procuring Entitys initiative for purposes of clarifying or modifying any provision of the Bidding Documents not later than seven (7) calendar days before the deadline for the submission and receipt of bids. Any modification to the Bidding Documents shall be identified as an amendment.
    10.3. Any Supplemental/Bid Bulletin issued by the BAC shall also be posted on the Philippine Government Electronic Procurement System (PhilGEPS) and the website of the Procuring Entity concerned, if available. It shall be the responsibility of all Bidders who secure the Bidding Documents to inquire and secure Supplemental/Bid Bulletins that may be issued by the BAC. However, Bidders who have submitted bids before the issuance of the Supplemental/Bid Bulletin must be informed and allowed to modify or withdraw their bids in accordance with ITB Clause 23.
    C. Preparation of Bids
    11. Language of Bid
    The bid, as well as all correspondence and documents relating to the bid exchanged by the Bidder and the Procuring Entity, shall be written in English. Supporting documents and printed literature furnished by the Bidder may be in another language provided they are accompanied by an accurate translation in English certified by the appropriate embassy or consulate in the Philippines, in which case the English translation shall govern for purposes of interpretation of the bid.
    12. Documents Comprising the Bid: Eligibility and Technical Components
    12.1. Unless otherwise indicated in the BDS, the first envelope shall contain the following eligibility and technical documents:
    (a) Eligibility Documents
    Class A Documents:
    (i) Registration certificate from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) for sole proprietorship, or Cooperative Development Authority (CDA) for cooperatives, or any proof of such registration as stated in the BDS;
    (ii) Mayors permit issued by the city or municipality where the principal place of business of the prospective bidder is located;
    (iii) Statement of all its ongoing and completed government and private contracts within the period stated in the BDS, including contracts awarded but not yet started, if any. The statement shall include, for each contract, the following:
    (iii.1) name of the contract;
    (iii.2) date of the contract;
    (iii.3) kinds of Goods;
    (iii.4) amount of contract and value of outstanding contracts;
    (iii.5) date of delivery; and
    (iii.6) end users acceptance or official receipt(s) issued for the contract, if completed.
    (iv) Audited financial statements, stamped received by the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) or its duly accredited and authorized institutions, for the preceding calendar year, which should not be earlier than two (2) years from bid submission;
    (v) NFCC computation or CLC in accordance with ITB Clause 5.5; and
    Class B Document:
    (vi) If applicable, the JVA in case the joint venture is already in existence, or duly notarized statements from all the potential joint venture partners stating that they will enter into and abide by the provisions of the JVA in the instance that the bid is successful.
    (b) Technical Documents
    (i) Bid security in accordance with ITB Clause 18. If the Bidder opts to submit the bid security in the form of:
    (i.1) a bank draft/guarantee or an irrevocable letter of credit issued by a foreign bank, it shall be accompanied by a confirmation from a Universal or Commercial Bank; or
    (i.2) a surety bond, it shall be accompanied by a certification by the Insurance Commission that the surety or insurance company is authorized to issue such instruments;
    (ii) Conformity with technical specifications, as enumerated and specified in Sections VI and VII of the Bidding Documents; and
    (iii) Sworn statement in accordance with Section 25.2(a)(iv) of the IRR of RA 9184 and using the form prescribed in Section VIII. Bidding Forms.
    13. Documents Comprising the Bid: Financial Component
    13.1. Unless otherwise stated in the BDS, the financial component of the bid shall contain the following:
    (a) Financial Bid Form, which includes bid prices and the bill of quantities and the applicable Price Schedules, in accordance with ITB Clauses 15.1 and 15.4;
    (b) If the Bidder claims preference as a Domestic Bidder or Domestic Entity, a certification from the DTI, SEC, or CDA issued in accordance with ITB Clause 27; and
    (c) Any other document required in the BDS.
    13.2. (a) Unless otherwise stated in the BDS, all bids that exceed the ABC shall not be accepted.
    (b) Unless otherwise indicated in the BDS, for foreign-funded procurement, a ceiling may be applied to bid prices provided the following conditions are met:
    (i) Bidding Documents are obtainable free of charge on a freely accessible website. If payment of Bidding Documents is required by the procuring entity, payment could be made upon the submission of bids.
    (ii) The procuring entity has procedures in place to ensure that the ABC is based on recent estimates made by the responsible unit of the procuring entity and that the estimates reflect the quality, supervision and risk and inflationary factors, as well as prevailing market prices, associated with the types of works or goods to be procured.
    (iii) The procuring entity has trained cost estimators on estimating prices and analyzing bid variances.
    (iv) The procuring entity has established a system to monitor and report bid prices relative to ABC and engineers/procuring entitys estimate.
    (v) The procuring entity has established a system to monitor and report bid prices relative to ABC and procuring entitys estimate. The procuring entity has established a monitoring and evaluation system for contract implementation to provide a feedback on actual total costs of goods and works.
    14. Alternative Bids
    Alternative Bids shall be rejected. For this purpose, alternative bid is an offer made by a Bidder in addition or as a substitute to its original bid which may be included as part of its original bid or submitted separately therewith for purposes of bidding. A bid with options is considered an alternative bid regardless of whether said bid proposal is contained in a single envelope or submitted in two (2) or more separate bid envelopes.
    15. Bid Prices
    15.1. The Bidder shall complete the appropriate Price Schedules included herein, stating the unit prices, total price per item, the total amount and the expected countries of origin of the Goods to be supplied under this Project.
    15.2. The Bidder shall fill in rates and prices for all items of the Goods described in the Bill of Quantities. Bids not addressing or providing all of the required items in the Bidding Documents including, where applicable, Bill of Quantities, shall be considered non-responsive and, thus, automatically disqualified. In this regard, where a required item is provided, but no price is indicated, the same shall be considered as non-responsive, but specifying a "0" (zero) for the said item would mean that it is being offered for free to the Government.
    15.3. The terms Ex Works (EXW), Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF), Cost and Insurance Paid to (CIP), Delivered Duty Paid (DDP), and other trade terms used to describe the obligations of the parties, shall be governed by the rules prescribed in the current edition of the International Commercial Terms (INCOTERMS) published by the International Chamber of Commerce, Paris.
    15.4. Prices indicated on the Price Schedule shall be entered separately in the following manner:
    (a) For Goods offered from within the Procuring Entitys country:
    (i) The price of the Goods quoted EXW (ex works, ex factory, ex warehouse, ex showroom, or off-the-shelf, as applicable), including all customs duties and sales and other taxes already paid or payable:
    (i.1) on the components and raw material used in the manufacture or assembly of Goods quoted ex works or ex factory; or
    (i.2) on the previously imported Goods of foreign origin quoted ex warehouse, ex showroom, or off-the-shelf and any Procuring Entity country sales and other taxes which will be payable on the Goods if the contract is awarded.
    (ii) The price for inland transportation, insurance, and other local costs incidental to delivery of the Goods to their final destination.
    (iii) The price of other (incidental) services, if any, listed in the BDS.
    (b) For Goods offered from abroad:
    (i) Unless otherwise stated in the BDS, the price of the Goods shall be quoted DDP with the place of destination in the Philippines as specified in the BDS. In quoting the price, the Bidder shall be free to use transportation through carriers registered in any eligible country. Similarly, the Bidder may obtain insurance services from any eligible source country.
    (ii) The price of other (incidental) services, if any, listed in the BDS.
    15.5. Prices quoted by the Bidder shall be fixed during the Bidders performance of the contract and not subject to variation or price escalation on any account, unless otherwise specified in the BDS. A bid submitted with an adjustable price quotation shall be treated as non-responsive and shall be rejected, pursuant to ITB Clause 24.
    15.6. All bid prices shall be considered as fixed prices, and therefore not subject to price escalation during contract implementation, except under extraordinary circumstances as indicated in the BDS and specified in the GCC and its corresponding SCC provision.
    16. Bid Currencies
    16.1. Prices shall be quoted in the following currencies:
    (a) For Goods that the Bidder will supply from within the Philippines, the prices shall be quoted in Philippine Pesos.
    (b) For Goods that the Bidder will supply from outside the Philippines, the prices may be quoted in the currency(ies) stated in the BDS. However, for purposes of bid evaluation, bids denominated in foreign currencies shall be converted to Philippine currency based on the exchange rate as published in the BSP reference rate bulletin on the day of the bid opening.
    16.2. If so allowed in accordance with ITB Clause 16.1, the Procuring Entity for purposes of bid evaluation and comparing the bid prices will convert the amounts in various currencies in which the bid price is expressed to Philippine Pesos at the foregoing exchange rates.
    16.3. Unless otherwise specified in the BDS, payment of the contract price shall be made in Philippine Pesos.
    17. Bid Validity
    17.1. Bids shall remain valid for the period specified in the BDS which shall not exceed one hundred twenty (120) calendar days from the date of the opening of bids.
    17.2. In exceptional circumstances, prior to the expiration of the Bid validity period, the Procuring Entity may request Bidders to extend the period of validity of their bids. The request and the responses shall be made in writing. The bid security described in ITB Clause 18 should also be extended corresponding to the extension of the bid validity period at the least. A Bidder may refuse the request without forfeiting its bid security, but his bid shall no longer be considered for further evaluation and award. A Bidder granting the request shall not be required or permitted to modify its bid.
    18. Bid Security
    18.1. The bid security, issued in favor of the Procuring Entity, in the amount stated in the BDS shall be equal to the percentage of the ABC in accordance with the following schedule:

    Form of Bid Security Amount of Bid Security
    (Equal to Percentage of the ABC)
    (a) Cash or cashiers/managers check issued by a Universal or Commercial Bank. Two percent (2%)
    (b) Bank draft/guarantee or irrevocable letter of credit issued by a Universal or Commercial Bank: Provided, however, that it shall be confirmed or authenticated by a Universal or Commercial Bank, if issued by a foreign bank.
    (c) Surety bond callable upon demand issued by a surety or insurance company duly certified by the Insurance Commission as authorized to issue such security. Five percent (5%)
    (d) Any combination of the foregoing. Proportionate to share of form with respect to total amount of security

    For biddings conducted by LGUs, the Bidder may also submit bid securities in the form of cashiers/managers check, bank draft/guarantee, or irrevocable letter of credit from other banks certified by the BSP as authorized to issue such financial statement.
    18.2. The bid security should be valid for the period specified in the BDS. Any bid not accompanied by an acceptable bid security shall be rejected by the Procuring Entity as non-responsive.
    18.3. No bid securities shall be returned to bidders after the opening of bids and before contract signing, except to those that failed or declared as post-disqualified, upon submission of a written waiver of their right to file a motion for reconsideration and/or protest. Without prejudice on its forfeiture, bid securities shall be returned only after the bidder with the Lowest Calculated and Responsive Bid has signed the contract and furnished the performance security, but in no case later than the expiration of the bid security validity period indicated in ITB Clause 18.2.
    18.4. Upon signing and execution of the contract pursuant to ITB Clause 31.1, and the posting of the performance security pursuant to ITB Clause 33, the successful Bidders bid security will be discharged, but in no case later than the bid security validity period as indicated in the ITB Clause 18.2.
    18.5. The bid security may be forfeited:
    (a) if a Bidder:
    (i) withdraws its bid during the period of bid validity specified in ITB Clause 17;
    (ii) does not accept the correction of errors pursuant to ITB Clause 28.3(b);
    (iii) fails to submit the requirements within the prescribed period or a finding against their veracity as stated in ITB Clause 29.2;
    (iv) submission of eligibility requirements containing false information or falsified documents;
    (v) submission of bids that contain false information or falsified documents, or the concealment of such information in the bids in order to influence the outcome of eligibility screening or any other stage of the public bidding;
    (vi) allowing the use of ones name, or using the name of another for purposes of public bidding;
    (vii) withdrawal of a bid, or refusal to accept an award, or enter into contract with the Government without justifiable cause, after the Bidder had been adjudged as having submitted the Lowest Calculated and Responsive Bid;
    (viii) refusal or failure to post the required performance security within the prescribed time;
    (ix) refusal to clarify or validate in writing its bid during post-qualification within a period of seven (7) calendar days from receipt of the request for clarification;
    (x) any documented attempt by a bidder to unduly influence the outcome of the bidding in his favor;
    (xi) failure of the potential joint venture partners to enter into the joint venture after the bid is declared successful; or
    (xii) all other acts that tend to defeat the purpose of the competitive bidding, such as habitually withdrawing from bidding, submitting late Bids or patently insufficient bid, for at least three (3) times within a year, except for valid reasons.
    (b) if the successful Bidder:
    (i) fails to sign the contract in accordance with ITB Clause 31.1; or
    (ii) fails to furnish performance security in accordance with ITB Clause 33.
    19. Format and Signing of Bids
    19.1. Bidders shall submit their bids through their duly authorized representative using the appropriate forms provided in Section VIII. Bidding Forms on or before the deadline specified in the ITB Clauses 21 in two (2) separate sealed bid envelopes, and which shall be submitted simultaneously. The first shall contain the technical component of the bid, including the eligibility requirements under ITB Clause 12.1, and the second shall contain the financial component of the bid.
    19.2. Forms as mentioned in ITB Clause 19.1 must be completed without any alterations to their format, and no substitute form shall be accepted. All blank spaces shall be filled in with the information requested.
    19.3. The Bidder shall prepare and submit an original (Certified true copy of the original copy is acceptable) of the first and second envelopes as described in ITB Clauses 12 and 13. In the event of any discrepancy between the original and the copies, the original shall prevail.
    19.4. The bid, except for unamended printed literature, shall be signed, and each and every page thereof shall be initialed, by the duly authorized representative/s of the Bidder.
    19.5. Any interlineations, erasures, or overwriting shall be valid only if they are signed or initialed by the duly authorized representative/s of the Bidder.
    20. Sealing and Marking of Bids
    20.1. Unless otherwise indicated in the BDS, Bidders shall enclose their original ( Certiied true copy of the original copy is acceptable) eligibility and technical documents described in ITB Clause 12 in one sealed envelope marked ORIGINAL - TECHNICAL COMPONENT, and the original (Cerified true copy of the original copy is acceptable) of their financial component in another sealed envelope marked ORIGINAL - FINANCIAL COMPONENT, sealing them all in an outer envelope marked ORIGINAL BID.
    20.2. Each copy of the first and second envelopes shall be similarly sealed duly marking the inner envelopes as COPY NO. ___ - TECHNICAL COMPONENT and COPY NO. ___ FINANCIAL COMPONENT and the outer envelope as COPY NO. ___, respectively. These envelopes containing the original and the copies shall then be enclosed in one single envelope.
    20.3. The original (Certified true copy) and the number of copies of the Bid as indicated in the BDS shall be typed or written in indelible ink and shall be signed by the bidder or its duly authorized representative/s.
    20.4. All envelopes shall:
    (a) contain the name of the contract to be bid in capital letters;
    (b) bear the name and address of the Bidder in capital letters;
    (c) be addressed to the Procuring Entitys BAC in accordance with ITB Clause 1.1;
    (d) bear the specific identification of this bidding process indicated in the ITB Clause __; and
    (e) bear a warning DO NOT OPEN BEFORE the date and time for the opening of bids, in accordance with ITB Clause 21.
    20.5. If bids are not sealed and marked as required, the Procuring Entity will assume no responsibility for the misplacement or premature opening of the bid.
    D. Submission and Opening of Bids
    21. Deadline for Submission of Bids
    Bids must be received by the Procuring Entitys BAC at the address and on or before the date and time indicated in the BDS.
    22. Late Bids
    Any bid submitted after the deadline for submission and receipt of bids prescribed by the Procuring Entity, pursuant to ITB Clause 21, shall be declared Late and shall not be accepted by the Procuring Entity.
    23. Modification and Withdrawal of Bids
    23.1. The Bidder may modify its bid after it has been submitted; provided that the modification is received by the Procuring Entity prior to the deadline prescribed for submission and receipt of bids. The Bidder shall not be allowed to retrieve its original bid, but shall be allowed to submit another bid equally sealed, properly identified, linked to its original bid marked as TECHNICAL MODIFICATION or FINANCIAL MODIFICATION and stamped received by the BAC. Bid modifications received after the applicable deadline shall not be considered and shall be returned to the Bidder unopened.
    23.2. A Bidder may, through a Letter of Withdrawal, withdraw its bid after it has been submitted, for valid and justifiable reason; provided that the Letter of Withdrawal is received by the Procuring Entity prior to the deadline prescribed for submission and receipt of bids.
    23.3. Bids requested to be withdrawn in accordance with ITB Clause 23.1 shall be returned unopened to the Bidders. A Bidder may also express its intention not to participate in the bidding through a letter which should reach and be stamped by the BAC before the deadline for submission and receipt of bids. A Bidder that withdraws its bid shall not be permitted to submit another bid, directly or indirectly, for the same contract.
    23.4. No bid may be modified after the deadline for submission of bids. No bid may be withdrawn in the interval between the deadline for submission of bids and the expiration of the period of bid validity specified by the Bidder on the Financial Bid Form. Withdrawal of a bid during this interval shall result in the forfeiture of the Bidders bid security, pursuant to ITB Clause 18.5, and the imposition of administrative, civil and criminal sanctions as prescribed by RA 9184 and its IRR.
    24. Opening and Preliminary Examination of Bids
    24.1. The BAC shall open the first bid envelopes of Bidders in public as specified in the BDS to determine each Bidders compliance with the documents prescribed in ITB Clause 12. For this purpose, the BAC shall check the submitted documents of each bidder against a checklist of required documents to ascertain if they are all present, using a non-discretionary pass/fail criterion. If a bidder submits the required document, it shall be rated passed for that particular requirement. In this regard, bids that fail to include any requirement or are incomplete or patently insufficient shall be considered as failed. Otherwise, the BAC shall rate the said first bid envelope as passed.
    24.2. Immediately after determining compliance with the requirements in the first envelope, the BAC shall forthwith open the second bid envelope of each remaining eligible bidder whose first bid envelope was rated passed. The second envelope of each complying bidder shall be opened within the same day. In case one or more of the requirements in the second envelope of a particular bid is missing, incomplete or patently insufficient, and/or if the submitted total bid price exceeds the ABC unless otherwise provided in ITB Clause 13.2, the BAC shall rate the bid concerned as failed. Only bids that are determined to contain all the bid requirements for both components shall be rated passed and shall immediately be considered for evaluation and comparison.
    24.3. Letters of withdrawal shall be read out and recorded during bid opening, and the envelope containing the corresponding withdrawn bid shall be returned to the Bidder unopened. If the withdrawing Bidders representative is in attendance, the original bid and all copies thereof shall be returned to the representative during the bid opening. If the representative is not in attendance, the bid shall be returned unopened by registered mail. The Bidder may withdraw its bid prior to the deadline for the submission and receipt of bids, provided that the corresponding Letter of Withdrawal contains a valid authorization requesting for such withdrawal, subject to appropriate administrative sanctions.
    24.4. If a Bidder has previously secured a certification from the Procuring Entity to the effect that it has previously submitted the above-enumerated Class A Documents, the said certification may be submitted in lieu of the requirements enumerated in ITB Clause 12.1(a), items (i) to (v).
    24.5. In the case of an eligible foreign Bidder as described in ITB Clause 5, the Class A Documents described in ITB Clause 12.1(a) may be substituted with the appropriate equivalent documents, if any, issued by the country of the foreign Bidder concerned.
    24.6. Each partner of a joint venture agreement shall likewise submit the requirements in ITB Clauses 12.1(a)(i) and 12.1(a)(ii). Submission of documents required under ITB Clauses 12.1(a)(iii) to 12.1(a)(v) by any of the joint venture partners constitutes compliance.
    24.7. A Bidder determined as failed has three (3) calendar days upon written notice or, if present at the time of bid opening, upon verbal notification, within which to file a request or motion for reconsideration with the BAC: Provided, however, that the motion for reconsideration shall not be granted if it is established that the finding of failure is due to the fault of the Bidder concerned: Provided, further, that the BAC shall decide on the request for reconsideration within seven (7) calendar days from receipt thereof. If a failed Bidder signifies his intent to file a motion for reconsideration, the BAC shall keep the bid envelopes of the said failed Bidder unopened and/or duly sealed until such time that the motion for reconsideration or protest has been resolved.
    24.8. The Procuring Entity shall prepare the minutes of the proceedings of the bid opening that shall include, as a minimum: (a) names of Bidders, their bid price, bid security, findings of preliminary examination; and (b) attendance sheet. The BAC members shall sign the abstract of bids as read.
    E. Evaluation and Comparison of Bids
    25. Process to be Confidential
    25.1. Members of the BAC, including its staff and personnel, as well as its Secretariat and TWG, are prohibited from making or accepting any kind of communication with any bidder regarding the evaluation of their bids until the issuance of the Notice of Award, unless otherwise allowed in the BDS or in the case of ITB Clause 26.
    25.2. Any effort by a bidder to influence the Procuring Entity in the Procuring Entitys decision in respect of bid evaluation, bid comparison or contract award will result in the rejection of the Bidders bid.
    26. Clarification of Bids
    To assist in the evaluation, comparison, and post-qualification of the bids, the Procuring Entity may ask in writing any Bidder for a clarification of its bid. All responses to requests for clarification shall be in writing. Any clarification submitted by a Bidder in respect to its bid and that is not in response to a request by the Procuring Entity shall not be considered.
    27. Domestic Preference
    27.1. Unless otherwise stated in the BDS, the Procuring Entity will grant a margin of preference for the purpose of comparison of bids in accordance with the following:
    (a) The preference shall be applied when (i) the lowest Foreign Bid is lower than the lowest bid offered by a Domestic Bidder, or (ii) the lowest bid offered by a non-Philippine national is lower than the lowest bid offered by a Domestic Entity.
    (b) For evaluation purposes, the lowest Foreign Bid or the bid offered by a non-Philippine national shall be increased by fifteen percent (15%).
    (c) In the event that (i) the lowest bid offered by a Domestic Entity does not exceed the lowest Foreign Bid as increased, or (ii) the lowest bid offered by a non-Philippine national as increased, then the Procuring Entity shall award the contract to the Domestic Bidder/Entity at the amount of the lowest Foreign Bid or the bid offered by a non-Philippine national, as the case may be.
    (d) If the Domestic Entity/Bidder refuses to accept the award of contract at the amount of the Foreign Bid or bid offered by a non-Philippine national within two (2) calendar days from receipt of written advice from the BAC, the Procuring Entity shall award to the bidder offering the Foreign Bid or the non-Philippine national, as the case may be, subject to post-qualification and submission of all the documentary requirements under these Bidding Documents.
    27.2. A Bidder may be granted preference as a Domestic Entity subject to the certification from the DTI (in case of sole proprietorships), SEC (in case of partnerships and corporations), or CDA (in case of cooperatives) that the (a) sole proprietor is a citizen of the Philippines or the partnership, corporation, cooperative, or association is duly organized under the laws of the Philippines with at least seventy five percent (75%) of its interest or outstanding capital stock belonging to citizens of the Philippines, (b) habitually established in business and habitually engaged in the manufacture or sale of the merchandise covered by his bid, and (c) the business has been in existence for at least five (5) consecutive years prior to the advertisement and/or posting of the Invitation to Bid for this Project.
    27.3. A Bidder may be granted preference as a Domestic Bidder subject to the certification from the DTI that the Bidder is offering unmanufactured articles, materials or supplies of the growth or production of the Philippines, or manufactured articles, materials, or supplies manufactured or to be manufactured in the Philippines substantially from articles, materials, or supplies of the growth, production, or manufacture, as the case may be, of the Philippines.
    28. Detailed Evaluation and Comparison of Bids
    28.1. The Procuring Entity will undertake the detailed evaluation and comparison of bids which have passed the opening and preliminary examination of bids, pursuant to ITB Clause 24, in order to determine the Lowest Calculated Bid.
    28.2. The Lowest Calculated Bid shall be determined in two steps:
    (a) The detailed evaluation of the financial component of the bids, to establish the correct calculated prices of the bids; and
    (b) The ranking of the total bid prices as so calculated from the lowest to the highest. The bid with the lowest price shall be identified as the Lowest Calculated Bid.
    28.3. The Procuring Entity's BAC shall immediately conduct a detailed evaluation of all bids rated passed, using non-discretionary pass/fail criteria. Unless otherwise specified in the BDS, the BAC shall consider the following in the evaluation of bids:
    (a) Completeness of the bid. Unless the ITB specifically allows partial bids, bids not addressing or providing all of the required items in the Schedule of Requirements including, where applicable, bill of quantities, shall be considered non-responsive and, thus, automatically disqualified. In this regard, where a required item is provided, but no price is indicated, the same shall be considered as non-responsive, but specifying a "0" (zero) for the said item would mean that it is being offered for free to the Procuring Entity; and
    (b) Arithmetical corrections. Consider computational errors and omissions to enable proper comparison of all eligible bids. It may also consider bid modifications, if allowed in the BDS. Any adjustment shall be calculated in monetary terms to determine the calculated prices.
    28.4. Based on the detailed evaluation of bids, those that comply with the above-mentioned requirements shall be ranked in the ascending order of their total calculated bid prices, as evaluated and corrected for computational errors, discounts and other modifications, to identify the Lowest Calculated Bid. Total calculated bid prices, as evaluated and corrected for computational errors, discounts and other modifications, which exceed the ABC shall not be considered.
    28.5. Unless otherwise indicated in the BDS, the Procuring Entitys evaluation of bids shall only be based on the bid price quoted in the Financial Bid Form.
    28.6. Bids shall be evaluated on an equal footing to ensure fair competition. For this purpose, all bidders shall be required to include in their bids the cost of all taxes, such as, but not limited to, value added tax (VAT), income tax, local taxes, and other fiscal levies and duties which shall be itemized in the bid form and reflected in the detailed estimates. Such bids, including said taxes, shall be the basis for bid evaluation and comparison.
    29. Post-Qualification
    29.1. The Procuring Entity shall determine to its satisfaction whether the Bidder that is evaluated as having submitted the Lowest Calculated Bid (LCB) complies with and is responsive to all the requirements and conditions specified in ITB Clauses 5, 12, and 13.
    29.2. Within a non-extendible period of three (3) calendar days from receipt by the bidder of the notice from the BAC that it submitted the LCB, the Bidder shall submit the following documentary requirements:
    (a) Tax clearance per Executive Order 398, Series of 2005;
    (b) Latest income and business tax returns in the form specified in the BDS;
    (c) Certificate of PhilGEPS Registration; and
    (d) Other appropriate licenses and permits required by law and stated in the BDS.
    Failure of the Bidder declared as Lowest Calculated Bid to duly submit the requirements under this Clause or a finding against the veracity of such shall be ground for forfeiture of the bid security and disqualification of the Bidder for award.

    29.3. The determination shall be based upon an examination of the documentary evidence of the Bidders qualifications submitted pursuant to ITB Clauses 12 and 13, as well as other information as the Procuring Entity deems necessary and appropriate, using a non-discretionary pass/fail criterion.
    29.4. If the BAC determines that the Bidder with the Lowest Calculated Bid passes all the criteria for post-qualification, it shall declare the said bid as the Lowest Calculated Responsive Bid, and recommend to the Head of the Procuring Entity the award of contract to the said Bidder at its submitted price or its calculated bid price, whichever is lower.
    29.5. A negative determination shall result in rejection of the Bidders Bid, in which event the Procuring Entity shall proceed to the next Lowest Calculated Bid to make a similar determination of that Bidders capabilities to perform satisfactorily. If the second Bidder, however, fails the post qualification, the procedure for post qualification shall be repeated for the Bidder with the next Lowest Calculated Bid, and so on until the Lowest Calculated Responsive Bid is determined for contract award.
    29.6. Within a period not exceeding seven (7) calendar days from the date of receipt of the recommendation of the BAC, the Head of the Procuring Entity shall approve or disapprove the said recommendation. In the case of GOCCs and GFIs, the period provided herein shall be fifteen (15) calendar days.
    30. Reservation Clause
    30.1. Notwithstanding the eligibility or post-qualification of a bidder, the Procuring Entity concerned reserves the right to review its qualifications at any stage of the procurement process if it has reasonable grounds to believe that a misrepresentation has been made by the said bidder, or that there has been a change in the Bidders capability to undertake the project from the time it submitted its eligibility requirements. Should such review uncover any misrepresentation made in the eligibility and bidding requirements, statements or documents, or any changes in the situation of the Bidder which will affect its capability to undertake the project so that it fails the preset eligibility or bid evaluation criteria, the Procuring Entity shall consider the said Bidder as ineligible and shall disqualify it from submitting a bid or from obtaining an award or contract.
    30.2. Based on the following grounds, the Procuring Entity reserves the right to reject any and all bids, declare a Failure of Bidding at any time prior to the contract award, or not to award the contract, without thereby incurring any liability, and make no assurance that a contract shall be entered into as a result of the bidding:
    (a) If there is prima facie evidence of collusion between appropriate public officers or employees of the Procuring Entity, or between the BAC and any of the bidders, or if the collusion is between or among the bidders themselves, or between a bidder and a third party, including any act which restricts, suppresses or nullifies or tends to restrict, suppress or nullify competition;
    (b) If the Procuring Entitys BAC is found to have failed in following the prescribed bidding procedures; or
    (c) For any justifiable and reasonable ground where the award of the contract will not redound to the benefit of the GOP as follows:
    (i) If the physical and economic conditions have significantly changed so as to render the project no longer economically, financially or technically feasible as determined by the head of the procuring entity;
    (ii) If the project is no longer necessary as determined by the head of the procuring entity; and
    (iii) If the source of funds for the project has been withheld or reduced through no fault of the Procuring Entity.
    30.3. In addition, the Procuring Entity may likewise declare a failure of bidding when:
    (a) No bids are received;
    (b) All prospective bidders are declared ineligible;
    (c) All bids fail to comply with all the bid requirements or fail post-qualification; or
    (d) The bidder with the Lowest Calculated Responsive Bid (LCRB) refuses, without justifiable cause to accept the award of contract, and no award is made.
    F. Award of Contract
    31. Contract Award
    31.1. Subject to ITB Clause 29, the Procuring Entity shall award the contract to the Bidder whose bid has been determined to be the LCRB.
    31.2. Prior to the expiration of the period of bid validity, the Procuring Entity shall notify the successful Bidder in writing that its bid has been accepted, through a Notice of Award received personally or sent by registered mail or electronically, receipt of which must be confirmed in writing within two (2) days by the Bidder with the LCRB and submitted personally or sent by registered mail or electronically to the Procuring Entity.
    31.3. Notwithstanding the issuance of the Notice of Award, award of contract shall be subject to the following conditions:
    (a) Submission of the valid JVA, if applicable, within ten (10) calendar days from receipt by the Bidder of the notice from the BAC that the Bidder has the LCRB;
    (b) Posting of the performance security in accordance with ITB Clause 33;
    (c) Signing of the contract as provided in ITB Clause 31.1; and
    (d) Approval by higher authority, if required.
    31.4. At the time of contract award, the Procuring Entity shall not increase or decrease the quantity of goods originally specified in Section VI. Schedule of Requirements.
    32. Signing of the Contract
    32.1. At the same time as the Procuring Entity notifies the successful Bidder that its bid has been accepted, the Procuring Entity shall send the Contract Form to the Bidder, which contract has been provided in the Bidding Documents, incorporating therein all agreements between the parties.
    32.2. Within ten (10) calendar days from receipt of the Notice of Award, the successful Bidder shall post the required performance security and sign and date the contract and return it to the Procuring Entity.
    32.3. The Procuring Entity shall enter into contract with the successful Bidder within the same ten (10) calendar day period provided that all the documentary requirements are complied with.
    32.4. The following documents shall form part of the contract:
    (a) Contract Agreement;
    (b) Bidding Documents;
    (c) Winning bidders bid, including the Technical and Financial Proposals, and all other documents/statements submitted;
    (d) Performance Security;
    (e) Credit line in accordance with ITB Clause 5.5, if applicable;
    (f) Notice of Award of Contract; and
    (g) Other contract documents that may be required by existing laws and/or specified in the BDS.
    33. Performance Security
    33.1. To guarantee the faithful performance by the winning Bidder of its obligations under the contract, it shall post a performance security within a maximum period of ten (10) calendar days from the receipt of the Notice of Award from the Procuring Entity and in no case later than the signing of the contract.
    33.2. The performance security shall be denominated in Philippine Pesos and posted in favor of the Procuring Entity in an amount equal to the percentage of the total contract price in accordance with the following schedule:
    Form of Performance Security Amount of Performance Security
    (Equal to Percentage of the Total Contract Price)
    (a) Cash or cashiers/managers check issued by a Universal or Commercial Bank. Five percent (5%)
    (b) Bank draft/guarantee or irrevocable letter of credit issued by a Universal or Commercial Bank: Provided, however, that it shall be confirmed or authenticated by a Universal or Commercial Bank, if issued by a foreign bank.
    (c) Surety bond callable upon demand issued by a surety or insurance company duly certified by the Insurance Commission as authorized to issue such security; and/or Thirty percent (30%)
    (d) Any combination of the foregoing. Proportionate to share of form with respect to total amount of security

    33.3. Failure of the successful Bidder to comply with the above-mentioned requirement shall constitute sufficient ground for the annulment of the award and forfeiture of the bid security, in which event the Procuring Entity shall initiate and complete the post qualification of the second Lowest Calculated Bid. The procedure shall be repeated until the LCRB is identified and selected for contract award. However if no Bidder passed post-qualification, the BAC shall declare the bidding a failure and conduct a re-bidding with re-advertisement.
    34. Notice to Proceed
    34.1. Within three (3) calendar days from the date of approval of the contract by the appropriate government approving authority, the Procuring Entity shall issue its Notice to Proceed to the Bidder.
    34.2. The date of the Bidders receipt of the Notice to Proceed will be regarded as the effective date of the contract, unless otherwise specified in the BDS

    III. Bid Data Sheet
    ITB Clause

    The PROCURING ENTITY is the LGU Maconacon, Isabela
    1.2 The lot(s) and reference is/are: MC-1592019


    The Funding Source is:
    The Government of the Philippines (GOP) through the General Fund 2019 EDF in the amount of 100,000.00
    No further instructions.
    None of the circumstances mentioned in the ITB Clause exists in this Project. Foreign bidders, except those falling under ITB Clause 5.2(b), may not participate in this Project.
    No further instructions.
    If NFCC shall be one of the eligibility documents, the basis of its computation shall be the FY 2017 audited Financial Statement.
    6.1 No further instructions.
    6.3 No further instructions.
    Subcontracting is not allowed.
    Not applicable.
    The Procuring Entity will hold a pre-bid conference for this Project on March 13, 2019 9 AM- at LGU Municipal Hall Building, LGU Compound.

    The Procuring Entitys name/address is:

    BAC Chairperson
    LGU, Maconacon, Isabela

    Thru: BAC Secretariat
    Lgu Maconacon, Isabela
    LGU Municipal Hall Building
    LGU Compound

    Email Add:

    12.1 12.1(a)(i)
    No further instructions.
    SEC or DTI or CDA Registration, whichever is applicable.
    No other acceptable proof of registration is recognized.
    12.1(a)(ii) It shall refer to the 2018 Mayors Permit. In case the same cannot be provided by the bidder, the valid 2017 permit together with the proof/s of renewal and payment of 2018 permit, duly Certified True Copy by the authorized signatory who signed the Omnibus Sworn Statement shall be submitted.
    The statement of all on going and completed government and private contracts shall include all such contracts within five (5) years prior to the deadline for the submission and receipt of bids.
    12.1(a)(iv) It shall refer to the FY 2017 Audited Financial Statement
    No additional Requirements.
    The ABC is P 100,000.00 Any bid with a financial component exceeding this amount shall not be accepted.

    Bid Prices shall be fixed. Adjustable price proposals shall be treated as non-responsive and shall be rejected.
    No further instructions.
    16.1 16.1(b)
    The Bid prices for Goods supplied from outside of the Philippines shall be quoted in Philippine Pesos.
    No further instructions.<
              Mayor issues policies aimed at autonomous vehicle testing      Cache   Translate Page      
    Mayor William Peduto has issued an Executive Order outlining city objectives and expectations for the safe testing of autonomous vehicles in Pittsburgh, and assigning responsibilities for the development of transparent and constructive reporting guidelines for the growing technology sector. All five of the prominent entities currently developing autonomous driving systems in the city were on hand...
              Amy Webb on Artificial Intelligence, Humanity, and the Big Nine      Cache   Translate Page      

    Futurist and author Amy Webb talks about her book, The Big Nine, with EconTalk host Russ Roberts. Webb observes that artificial intelligence is currently evolving in a handful of companies in the United States and China. She worries that innovation in the United States may lead to social changes that we may not ultimately like; in China, innovation may end up serving the geopolitical goals of the Chinese government with some uncomfortable foreign policy implications. Webb’s book is a reminder that artificial intelligence does not evolve in a vacuum–research and progress takes place in an institutional context. This is a wide-ranging conversation about the implications and possible futures of a world where artificial intelligence is increasingly part of our lives.

    This week's guest:

    This week's focus:

    Additional ideas and people mentioned in this podcast episode:

    A few more readings and background resources:

    A few more EconTalk podcast episodes:

    TimePodcast Episode Highlights

    Intro. [Recording date: February 12, 2019.]

    Russ Roberts: My guest is futurist and author Amy Webb.... Her latest book is The Big Nine: How the Tech Titans and Their Thinking Machines Could Warp Humanity.... Your book is a warning about the challenges we face, that we're going to face dealing with the rise of artificial intelligence. What is special about the book, at least in my experience reading about AI [Artificial Intelligence] and worries about artificial intelligence is that it doesn't talk about AI in the abstract but actually recognizes the reality that AI is mostly being developed within very specific institutional settings in the United States and in China. So, let's start with what you call the Big Nine. Who are they?

    Amy Webb: Sure. So, what's important to note is that when it comes to AI, there's a tremendous amount of misplaced optimism and fear. And so, as you rightly point out, we tend to think in the abstract. In reality, there are 9 big tech giants who overwhelmingly are funding the research--building the open-source frameworks, developing the tools and the methodologies, building the data sets, doing the tests, and deploying AI at scale. Six of those companies are in the United States--I call them the G-Mafia for short. They are Google, Microsoft, Amazon, Facebook, IBM [International Business Machines], and Apple. And the other three are collectively known as the BAT. And they are based in China. That's Baidu, Alibaba, and Tencent. Together, those Big Nine tech companies are building the future of AI. And as a result, our helping to make serious plans and determinations, um, for I would argue the future of humanity.

    Russ Roberts: And, just out of curiosity: I don't think you say very much in the book at all about Europe. Is there anything happening in Europe, in terms of research?

    Amy Webb: Sure. So, the--you know, there's plenty of happening in France. Certainly in Canada. Montreal is one of the global hubs for what's known as Deep Learning. So this is not to say that there's not pockets of development and research elsewhere in the world. And it also isn't to say that there aren't additional large companies that are helping to grow the ecosystem. Certainly Salesforce and Uber are both contributing. However, when we look at the large systems, and the ecosystems and everything that plugs into them, overwhelming these are the 9 companies that we ought to be paying attention to.


    Russ Roberts: So, I want to start with China. I had an episode with Mike Munger on the sharing economy and what he calls in his book Tomorrow 3.0. And, in the course of that conversation, we joked about people getting rated on their social skills and that those would be made public--how nice people were to each other. And we had a nice laugh about that. And I mentioned that I didn't think that that was an ideal situation--that people would be incentivized that way to be good people: despite my general love of incentives, that made me uneasy. And in response to that episode, some people mentioned an episode of Black Mirror[?]--the video series--and also some things that were happening in China. And I thought, 'Yeh, yeh, yeh, whatever.' But, what's happening in China--it's hard to believe. But, tell us about it.

    Amy Webb: Sure. And, let me give you a quick example of one manifestation of this trend, and then sort of set that in the broader cultural context. So, there's a province in China where a new sort of global system is being rolled out. And it is continually mining and refining the data of the citizens who live in that area. So, as an example, if you cross the street when there's a red light and you are not able to safely cross the street at that point--if you choose to anyway, as to jay-walk--cameras that are embedded with smart recognition technology will automatically not just recognize that there's a person in the intersection when there's not supposed to be, but will actually recognize that person by name. So they'll use facial recognition technology along with technologies that are capable of recognizing posture and gait. It will recognize who that person is. Their image will be displayed on a nearby digital--not bulletin board; what do you call those--digital billboard. Where their name and other personal information will be displayed. And it will also trigger a social media mention on a network called Weibo. Which is one of the predominant social networks in China. And that person, probably, some of their family members, some of their friends, but also their employer, will know that they have--they have infracted--they have caused an infraction. So, they've crossed the street when they weren't supposed to. And, in some cases, that person may be publicly told--publicly shamed--and publicly told to show up at a nearby police precinct. Now, this is sort of important because it tells us something about the future of recognition technology and data. Which is very much tethered to the future of artificial intelligence. Now, better known as the Social Credit Score, China has been experimenting with this for quite a while; and they are not just tracking people as they cross the street. They are also looking at other ways that people behave in society, and that ranges from whether or not bills are paid on time, to how people perform in their social circles, to disciplinary actions that may be taken at work or at school, to what people are searching on--you know, on the Internet. And the idea is to generate some kind of a metric to show people definitively how well they are fitting in to Chinese society as Chinese people. This probably sounds, to the people listening to the show, like a horrible, Twilight Zone episode--

    Russ Roberts: It sounds like 1984, is what it sounds like to me. It's not like, 'I wonder if that's a good idea.' It's more like, 'Are you kidding me?'

    Amy Webb: Yeah. And so like, when I first heard about this, my initial response was not abject horror. I was curious. I was very curious.

    Russ Roberts: [?]

    Amy Webb: But like, here's what made me curious: Why bother? I mean, China has 1.4 billion people. And if the idea is to deploy something like this at scale, that is a tremendous amount of data. And you have to stop and say to yourself, 'Well, what's the point?' So, this is where some cultural context comes into play. So, I used to live in China. And I also used to live in Japan. And, they are very different cultures, very different countries. One distinctive feature of China is a community-reporting mechanism that is sort of embedded into society. And going back many thousands of years--you know, China is an enormous--it's a huge piece of land. And you've got people living throughout it; in fact, they are so spread apart, you have, you know, significantly different dialects being spoken. So, one way to sort of maintain control over vast masses of people spread out geographically was to develop a culture--sort of a tattle-tale culture. And so, throughout villages, if you were doing something untoward or breaking some kind of local custom or rule, that would get reported--you would get reported. Sort of in a gossipy way. But, you would get reported; and ultimately that person that heard the information would report that on up to maybe a precinct or a feudal manager of some kind, who would then report that up to whoever was in charge of the village or town; and then you would get into some kind of actual trouble. This was a way of maintaining social control. And so if you talk to people in China today, a lot of people are aware of monitoring. What I find so interesting is that at the moment, the outcry that we see outside of China does not match the outcry that I have observed--or actually to the lack of outcry--that I have observed in China. Now, there's one other piece of this really important: This is that using AI in this way ties in to China's Belt and Road Initiative [BRI]. And you might have heard about the BRI. This is sort of a master plan--it's a long-term strategy that helps China optimize what used to be the previous Silk Road--trading route. But it's sort of built around infrastructure. What's interesting is that there's also a digital version of this--the sort of digital BRI--where China is partnering with a lot of countries that are in situations where social stability is not a guarantee. And so, they are starting to export this technology into societies and places where there isn't that cultural context in place. And so, you have to stop and wonder and ask yourself, 'What does it mean for 58 pilot countries to have in their hands a technology capable of mining and refining and learning about all of their citizens, and reporting any infractions on up to authorities?' You know, in places like the Philippines, where free speech right now is questionable, this kind of technology, which does not make sense to us as Americans, may make slightly more sense to people in China, becomes a dangerous weapon in the hands of an authoritative, an authoritarian regime elsewhere in the world.


    Russ Roberts: It reminds me, when you talk about the tattle-tale culture--of course, the Soviets did the same thing. They encouraged people to inform on--telltale sounds like a child reporting an insult. It's a monitoring mechanism by which authoritarian governments keep people in line. And you talk about the lack of outcry. Well, one reason is, is that you are worried that your social score is going to be low. Outcrying is probably not a good idea.

    Amy Webb: That's right. That's right.

    Russ Roberts: You should mention also, which I got from your book, that: It's not just like it's awkward, it's kind of embarrassing, you have a low score. These scores are going to be--going to be used, or being used?--to deal with people get credit, whether they can travel? Is that correct?

    Amy Webb: Right. So, again. It's China. So, we can't be 100% of the information that's coming out, because it's a controlled-information ecosystem. But from what we've been able to gather, in all of the research that I've done, you know--I would suggest that it's already being used. It's certainly being used against ethnic minorities like the Uighurs. But we've seen instances of scoring systems being used to make determinations about school that kids are able to get into. You know, kids who, through no fault of their own may have parents that have run afoul, you know, in some way, and earned demotions and demerits on their social credit scores. So, it would appear as though this is already starting to affect people in China. And, again, my job is to quantify and assess future risk. So, as I was doing all of this research, my mind immediately went to: What are the longer term downstream implications? I think some of them are pretty obvious. Right? Like, some people in China are going to wind up having a miserable life as a result of the social credit score--the social credit score as it grows and is more widely adopted to some extent could lead to better social harmony, I guess; but it also leads to, you know, quashing individual ideas and certain freedoms and expressions of individual thinking. But, the flip side of this is: If it's the case that China has BRI--and it's investing in countries around the world not just in infrastructure but in digital infrastructure like fiber and 5G and communications networks and small cells and all the different technologies, in addition to AI and data, isn't it plausible that some time in the near future, our future trade wars aren't just rhetoric but could wind up in a retaliatory situation where people who don't have a credit score can't participate in the Chinese economy? Or, businesses that don't have credit scores can't do, can't trade. Or countries that don't have--if we think about like a Triple A Bond rating, you know, what happens if this credit scoring system evolves and China does business with, only with countries that have a high-enough score? We could quite literally get locked out of part of the global economy. It seems far-fetched, but I would argue that the signals are present now that point to something that could look like that in the near future.


    Russ Roberts: Well, this is going to be a pretty paranoid show--episode--of EconTalk. So, I'm okay with that kind of fear-mongering, because it strikes me as quite worrisome. And I think we have to be, as you hinted at, you have to be open-minded that maybe this will make a better Chinese society, as defined by them. You know, the Soviets wanted to create a new Soviet man--and woman. They failed. But now, with these tools maybe there will be a new Chinese man and woman who will be harmoniously living with their neighbor, never jaywalking, and never gossiping, and smiling more often. Who knows? But, it's not my first, default thought about how this is going to turn out. I think that--

    Amy Webb: No, but you kind of--you have to start with--I want to point out that I am not like a dystopian fiction writer. I'm a pragmatist. So, this--I am not studying all of this for the purpose of scaring people. What I would argue is, I have studied all of this, and used data, and modeled out plausible outcomes; and it is scary. It really is. Because you have to, again, connect the dots between all of this and other adjacent areas that are important to note. The CCP [Chinese Communist Party] in China is--

    Russ Roberts: the Communist Party--

    Amy Webb: yep--is facing some huge opportunities but also big problems. The Chinese economy may technically be slowing, but it's not a slow economy. There's plenty of growth ahead. And, if that holds--and there's no reason why at the moment it wouldn't--you know, Chinese society is about to go through social mobility at a scale never seen before in modern human history. And as that enormous group of people moves up, they are going to want to buy stuff. They are going to want to travel. So, you know, that potentially causes some problems, because the more wealth that is earned, the more agency people feel, the more opinions they start having about how the government ought to be run. And, you know, the CCP effectively made the current President of China, Xi Jinping, effectively President for life. And 2049--which seems far off but in the grand scheme of things isn't really that far into the future--is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the CCP. China is very good at long-term planning. Now, they've not always made good on fulfilling promises. But they are good at planning.

    Russ Roberts: Yes, they are.

    Amy Webb: Right? So, I don't see all of this as flashes in the pan, and 'AI's kind of a hot buzzy topic right now.' I'm looking at the much longer term and the much bigger picture. That's what makes me kind of concerned.


    Russ Roberts: I think that's absolutely right. One other institutional detail to make clear for listeners is that the Chinese Internet is roped off, to some extent--to quite a large extent. They are developing their own tools and apps. And, talk about the three companies in China that are working on AI and how they work together in a way that American companies are not.

    Amy Webb: So, here's another interesting facet of the Big Nine and AI is on a sort of a dual-developmental track. In China, Baidu, Alibaba, and Tencent were all formed sort of in the late 1990s, early 2000s; and their origin stories are not all that different from our big, modern tech giants like Amazon and Google and Apple. The key distinction is that our big tech companies were formed out for the most part in Seattle, Redmond, and Cupertino--California and San Francisco. Where, the ecosystem was able to blossom: there's plenty of competition. And there was plenty of talent. California has fairly lenient--in some ways--fairly lenient employer/employee laws which has made it very easy for talent to move between companies. And, if you are somebody who studies innovation, you know, the sort of lack of--the limited or lack of regulation, the ability for people to move around--

    Russ Roberts: letting people make enormous amounts of money when they succeed and losing all of it when they fail--

    Amy Webb: Right. Right. Right. But, the lack of safety net, the lack of a central, federal authority, if you will, is partly what enabled these companies to grow. And to grow fast. And to grow big. Which is why we also see a lot of overlap. So, Google, Microsoft, Amazon, and IBM [International Business Machines] own and maintain the world's largest cloud infrastructure. So, if you own a website or you are a business owner or you are making a phone call, at some point you are accessing one of their clouds. You know--we have competing, for the most part, we have competing operating systems for our mobile devices. For the most part, we still have competing email systems. And that's because without a central authority dictating one of the companies was going to do which thing, they all sort of did it. They went alone. When it went on their own and built their own things. So, now we have tremendous wealth concentrated among just a few companies who own the lion's share of patents; who are funding most of the research. And, for the most part, Silicon Valley and Washington, D.C. have an antagonistic relationship. That is not the case in China. So, in China, when the big tech companies were being formed there, you don't do anything in China without also in some way creating that business in concert with Beijing--with the government. You've got to pull patents--I'm sorry--you've got to pull permits. You have to abide by various regulations and laws. People are checking in on you. So, while Baidu, Alibaba, and Tencent may be independent financial organizations, in practical terms they are very much working in lockstep with Beijing. Alibaba, for those of you not familiar with the company, is very similar to Amazon. So, it's a retail operation. Tencent is very similar to our social media: so, sort of Twitter meets gaming and chat. And, I'm sorry--and Baidu is sort of search--is the sort of Google-esque company of the bunch. When China--when the Chinese government decided that AI was going to be a central part of its future plans--and this was decided years ago--it also decided that Tencent was going to focus on health; that Baidu was going to focus on cloud; and that Alibaba was going to focus on various different data aspects. I'm sorry; and Baidu was also going to focus on AI and transportation. So, it's not as though these companies came to these additional areas of research and work on their own. It was centrally coordinated. And that's a really, really important thing to keep in mind. If we've got a central government, a powerful government that is now--that has this long-term vision and is centrally coordinating, what's happening at a top level with the research and the movements of these companies, suddenly you have a streamlined system where you don't have arguments about regulation; you don't have the companies at each other's throats--like we've seen in the United States, Apple suddenly calling for sweeping privacy regulations because, to be fair, it's sort of--they are already far ahead and it gives them a competitive advantage. You don't see all that infighting in China. So, we have some fundamental differences. And the real challenge is that while we're trying to sort all this out in the United States, you have a streamlined central authority with three very powerful companies who are all now collaborating in some way on the future. In addition to a bunch of other top-level government initiatives to repatriate academics; to bring back top AI people; but also to do things like start educating kindergarteners about AI. There is a textbook that is going to roll out this year throughout China teaching kindergarteners the fundamentals of machine learning. I mean, you know--whereas in the United States, you know, some of our government officials, you know, up until very recently denied AI's capabilities; and only yesterday--so this is February 11th--President Trump issued an Executive Order to, I guess--I mean, there's a handful of bullet points on what AI ought to be, but it wasn't a policy paper. There's no funding. There's no government structure set up. There's not--I mean it--you see where I'm getting at?


    Russ Roberts: Well, yeah--let me push back against that a little bit. You know, China is growing tremendously; as you point out, they are going to, presumably, they are already in one of the greatest transformations in human history from the countryside to the city, from a low standard of living to a much higher standard of living. And most of that's wonderful, and I'm happy about it. We don't know exactly what their ambitions will be or are outside of their own borders, and therefore what the repercussions are for us. As you suggest, they are doing a bunch of stuff. But the fact that they are top down and planning and organized, and we are chaotic and disorganized--so, just to take an example, you know, there's n companies in America, more than 4; I don't know how many there are--working on various aspects of driverless autonomous vehicles. There's Uber; there's Lyft; Apple; Google; there's Waymo. There's a lot going on here. And a lot of that will turn out. That's the nature of creative destruction; and capitalism. Some of those investments won't pan out. It will--the gambles will fail and lose, and people lose all their money. And, in general, historically, that chaotic soup of competition serves the average person and the people who are innovators quite well. The fact that China has, say, Baidu focusing on that and no one else having to worry about it, could be a bug, not a feature. I'm not convinced that China teaching kindergarteners machine learning is going to turn out well. Could be a mistake. Could be an enormous blunder. They are not allowing kind of experimentation, trial and error, that in my view is central to innovation. So, I think it remains to be seen how successful their walled garden with top-down gardening going on from the government's vision of what they want AI to serve, is going to work out. It might. It could. And it could be hard--the outcomes might be really bad for not just the Chinese but for other people. But it might just kind of fail. And, I'm not even convinced that their growth path is going to continue the way it has in the past. A lot of people just assume that because they have grown dramatically over the last 25 years they'll keep growing dramatically. There's a lot of ghost cities in China; there's a lot of overbuilding. I'm not so sure they have everything under control. So, I think you have to have that caveat as a footnote to those concerns.

    Amy Webb: I completely agree with you. I would say that, for years, especially in the United States, we've been indoctrinated into thinking that China is a copy-paste culture rather than a culture that understands how to innovate, and to some extent I think that that is the result of that heavy-fisted, top-down approach to business. What I'm concerned about is not whether China succeeds financially. Here's what I'm concerned about. The challenge with artificial intelligence is that it's already here. It is not--there's no event horizon. There's no single thing that happens. It's already here. And it's been here for a while. And, in fact, it powers--you know, artificial [?] intelligence now powers our email; it powers the anti-lock brakes in our cars. You know. And essentially, this new Third Era of computing that we are in, if we assume that the First Era was tabulation--so that would have been Ada Lovelace in the late 1800s--and a Second Era was programmable systems, which would have been those early IBM mainframes on up to the, you know, desktop computers that we use today. This next Era is AI. And AI, while we've seen it anthropomorphized in movies like Her and on shows like Westworld, at its heart, AI is simply systems that make decisions on our behalf. And they do that using tools to optimize. So, the challenge is that, right now, systems are capable of making fairly narrow decisions. And the structures of those systems, and which data they were trained on, and how they make decisions and under what circumstances, those decisions were made by a relatively few number of people working at the BAT [Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent] in China and at the G-Mafia here in the United States. And the problem is that these systems aren't static. They continue to learn. And they--you know--they join, literally millions and millions of other algorithms that are all working in service of optimizing things on our behalf. Which is why I agree with you that if we are talking about a self-driving future, it's good to have competition, because--for all the usual reasons. Right? We get better form factors[?]; we get better vehicles; we get better price points. But when we are talking about systems that are continuing to evolve, that grow more and more powerful the more data they have access to and the more compute they are given--more computer power. And as we move into the more technical aspects, there are things like Generative Adversarial Networks, which are specifically designed to play tricks, to help systems learn more quickly. We are talking about slowly but surely ceding control over to systems to make these decisions on our behalf. And, that is what concerns me. What concerns me is that we do not have a singular set of guardrails that are global in nature. We don't have norms and standards. I'm not in favor of regulation. On the other hand, we don't have any kind of agreed-upon ideas for who and what to optimize for, under what circumstances. Or even what data sets to use. And China has a vastly different approach than we do in the United States, in part because China has a completely different viewpoint on what details of people's private lives should be mined, refined, and productized. And here in the United States, a lot of these companies have obfuscated when and how they are using our data. And, the challenge is that we all have to live with the repercussions.


    Russ Roberts: Yeah, I'd agree with that. Up to a point. I want to give you a chance to talk about some scary examples. I think the--I'll just say, up front, that for me, underlying this whole problem--there are many different proximate causes and concerns. But there is, it seems to me, a very significant lack of competition. We can talk about how much competition there is in the United States relative to China. But certainly--the concern for me here in the United States is that the Big Six[Big Nine?] here in the United States will stay the Big Six[Big Nine?]. Which will give them leverage to do a bunch of things that you or I might not like. I do want to add that whatever we do to regulate or constrain them, via culture or whatever, allows for the possibility that they don't stay the Big Six[Big Nine?]. And I think one of the challenges of any way to deal with these problems is that, if you're not careful, you are going to end up creating a cartel that--it's de facto right now, but that can change. But if you make it de jure, you're going to end up with much worse outcomes than I think we're going to have. But, to concede your point about concern: I do think the Silicon Valley ethos of ask for forgiveness rather than permission--because right now there's no one you have to ask permission for, generally. Users are not paying much attention. There's very little regulation of how your private data is being used. Obviously something happened on January 1st, 2019 because I get a lot of annoying bars on my websites saying 'Will you accept cookies?' and I stupidly always click 'Yes,' like I'm sure most people do. And now they've complied with whatever required them to do that, and they're moving along. So, you know, I do think that there are some serious issues here. And you give some examples in the book of where these corporations--or China--have done things, and they really pay a price for it. They just keep going. The Facebook/Cambridge Analytica problem. The example you give of China pressuring Marriott the way their website was designed in terms of territorial recognition of China's sovereignty over various places that are somewhat up in the air. Those are serious issues, I think. And, more importantly, they are just the tip of the iceberg. So, talk about a couple of those things that you are worried about, that I think are alarming. And, normally, the marketplace would punish these folks; but not much does.

    Amy Webb: So, I love what you just said, which is that the market--so it's curious, right? Why has the marketplace not punished the Big Nine? Or at least the G-Mafia, right? Or at least Facebook?

    Russ Roberts: They've been punished a little bit. I think their users are down. I'm thinking about deleting my Facebook page. And I'm sure--and I've switched to DuckDuckGo for my searching. It's a really small step. But these are things that maybe people are starting to do in a little, slightly bigger, numbers.

    Amy Webb: Maybe. But, again, like I don't have access to the whole world's data. Thank God. But--and you--let's just reveal our biases: like, you and I are digitally savvy people.

    Russ Roberts: You're kind, Amy.

    Amy Webb: Well, but you are. I think the fact that you even know what DuckDuckGo is, that you are somebody who is using it, I think is quite telling. [More to come, 35:37]


              ‘I Can’t Sleep: Homage to a Uyghur Homeland’      Cache   Translate Page      

    In the 2000s, New York-based artist Lisa Ross traveled to the city of Turpan in China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region and photographed local people on the beds that they keep in their fields. The portraits in that series are currently on exhibit at the Miyako Yoshinaga gallery in New York through March 16, 2019. ChinaFile’s Visuals Editor, Muyi Xiao, interviewed Ross about the work and its connection to the campaign of repression and incarceration of Uighurs taking place in Xinjiang today.

              ‘I Can’t Sleep: Homage to a Uyghur Homeland’      Cache   Translate Page      

    In the 2000s, New York-based artist Lisa Ross traveled to the city of Turpan in China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region and photographed local people on the beds that they keep in their fields. The portraits in that series are currently on exhibit at the Miyako Yoshinaga gallery in New York through March 16, 2019.

              NASA Mars Helicopter prepares for flight – and UAVs on Earth could benefit      Cache   Translate Page      
    NASA’s 2020 mission to Mars won’t just depend on landing on the red planet to be successful: the Mars Helicopter also plans to take off again. The space agency has been discussing its plans to send a groundbreaking helicopter into space, and while the spindly drone may not be scaled to accommodate a human passenger, the technology behind it could well … Continue reading
              I don't say enough nice things about Ars Technica -- AV Edition       Cache   Translate Page      
    This recent piece is a must read for anyone following this story byTimothy B. Lee

    Tesla is clinging to an old conventional wisdom

    In 2014, the same year Tesla started shipping the first generation of Autopilot hardware, the Society of Automotive Engineers published a five-level taxonomy of autonomous driving systems that envisioned driver-assistance systems (known as "level 2" in SAE jargon) gradually morphing into fully autonomous systems that could operate without human supervision (levels 4 and 5).
    But the last five years have seen a dramatic shift in industry thinking. Most companies now see driver assistance and full self-driving as distinct markets.

    No company has done more to change industry thinking here than Google, whose self-driving project was spun off as Waymo in 2016. Around 2012, Google engineers developed a highway driving system and let some rank-and-file Googlers test it out. Drivers were warned that the system was not yet fully autonomous, and they were instructed to keep their eyes on the road at all times.
    But the self-driving team found that users started to trust the system way too quickly. In-car cameras showed users "napping, putting on makeup and fiddling with their phones." And that created a big safety risk.

    "It's hard to take over, because they have lost contextual awareness," Waymo CEO John Krafcik said in 2017.

    So Google scrapped plans for a highway driver assistance product and decided to pursue a different kind of gradualism: a taxi service that would initially be limited to the Phoenix metropolitan area. Phoenix has wide, well-marked streets, and snow and ice are rare. So bringing a self-driving service to Phoenix should be significantly easier than developing a car with self-driving capabilities that work in every part of the country and all weather conditions.

    This approach has some other advantages, too. Self-driving cars benefit from high-resolution maps. Gathering map data in a single metro area is easier than trying to map the whole world all at once.
    Self-driving cars also benefit from lidar sensors, and the best ones cost thousands—if not tens of thousands—of dollars each. That's too expensive for an upgrade to a customer-owned vehicle. But the economics are more viable for a driverless taxi service, since the self-driving system replaces an expensive human taxi driver.

    Over the last three years, most other companies working on self-driving technology have followed Waymo's lead. GM bought a startup called Cruise in 2016 and put it to work developing an autonomous taxi service in San Francisco. Ford made a similar bet on Argo AI in 2017—the company is now developing autonomous taxi services in Miami and Washington DC.
    Volkswagen and Hyundai have deals with Aurora—a startup co-founded by Chris Urmson, the former leader of the Google self-driving project—to develop fully autonomous taxi services. Technology companies like Uber and Zoox are planning to introduce autonomous taxi services.

    Tesla’s business model locks it into the old approach

    Tesla, meanwhile, has stubbornly pushed forward with its original strategy. For more than two years, Tesla charged customers $3,000 or more for a "full self-driving" package. But progress has been slow. And that has put Tesla in a bind. Abandoning the old strategy would likely require refunding customers who paid for the Full Self-Driving package—which would be both embarrassing and expensive.

    Instead, Tesla's solution has been to move the "full self-driving" goal posts.

    "We already have full self-driving capability on highways," Musk said during a January earnings call. "So from highway on-ramp to highway exit, including passing cars and going from one highway interchange to another, full self-driving capability is there."
    Obviously, this statement comes with a big asterisk: the driver still has to supervise the car to make sure it doesn't crash.

              New Volkswagen Golf launch delayed - report      Cache   Translate Page      
    Volkswagen Golf Mk8
    Volkswagen Golf Mk8
    Marketing boss says launch will be pushed back until 2020, but denies delay is because of technical issues

    The launch of the new eighth-generation Volkswagen Golf has been delayed until early 2020, according to reports from Automotive News Europe.

    ANE quotes Volkswagen sales boss Jürgen Stackmann as saying: "We think it's better to come early next year with a full throttle offensive. It doesn't have anything to do with production. It's a sales decision since you don't try to put cars under the Christmas tree 9ie put the car on sale in December] when no one is paying attention."

    VW had originally planned to launch the new Golf at the Frankfurt motor show. Instead Stackmann says the ID EV will be launched in Frankfurt. Stackmann also denied German media reports that the delay was a result of technical issues with the car's digital dashboard and infotainment architecture.

    A VW UK spokesman added that the delay was unlikely to impact UK deliveries significantly, as they were always scheduled for early 2020.

    Surprisingly, the news comes just a week after the new Golf was photographed undisguised during final testing.

    The latest version of the Ford Focus rival has previously been spied without a camouflage livery, but the images – featuring several cars in a variety of colours – were the clearest yet. They showed how the eighth-generation version will maintain the familiar styling of the Golf, but that it will be sharpened and refined in line with the latest Volkswagen designs.

    Volkswagen management have also begun offering some details about the latest version of the Golf, the most important machine in the firm's range.

    Speaking at the Geneva motor show, Stackmann said the new Golf maintained the heritage of previous versions, but with the benefits of new technology.

    "The new Golf will be everything people loved for years, but now made digital," said Stackmann. "People want a Golf – it's iconic – but now there's a huge leap forward in the digitisation inside it. It's still a Golf, but now digital. It's kept what people have loved and moved it to the next phase."

    Stackmann also confirmed there will be no e-Golf in the next generation to avoid overlap with the ID hatch and the range will instead "end with the GTE" in terms of electrification, with all future electric VWs based on the firm's dedicated electric platform.

    The GTI and R will be replaced, with the R again the range-topper. That means there will be no huge power boost for the hybrid GTE. Stackmann said there will be an announcement on the GTD, without confirming whether or not it will return.

    The new Ford Focus rival was previously photographed by Volkswagen fan and Instagram user johannes.vag when it was passing through a McDonald's drive-thru in Germany with virtually no protective camouflage.

    The car in the shots tallies with last year's official preview sketch and Autocar's previous renderings, with a typically evolutionary design approach for the firm's range mainstay and detailing adapted from the smaller Polo. A new grille and light design - previewed by the latest Touareg SUV - was hinted at in the sketch, but that family resemblance isn't as evident in this prototype - likely because some trim pieces are still covered.

    The Mk8 Golf will have levels of fuel-saving technology, connectivity, autonomous driving capability and refinement that are intended to render the mainstream competition second best.

    Its exterior styling will be an evolutionary design that again emphasises a wide, flowing C-pillar. There is expected to be a little more sharp-edged definition to the bodywork, following the template of the latest Polo. The GTI version will feature large corner air vents in its lower bumper, as previewed by the GTI TCR concept earlier this year.

    Volkswagen will use the Mk8 Golf to introduce a powerful 48V mild-hybrid powertrain and a new range of micro-hybrids. There will also be versions powered by compressed natural gas, but there won’t be a new electric Golf, because Volkswagen will begin introducing its new ID range of electric cars shortly after the Mk8 is launched.

    The model’s range will be simplified, with the three-door and estate bodystyles the most likely candidates for the axe. With consumers increasingly turning to SUVs and crossovers, and with makers of large mainstream cars under significant cost and profit pressures, insiders say the Golf Mk8 will attempt to lure buyers who are downsizing from larger cars and premium models such as the BMW 3 Series and Mercedes-Benz C-Class, offering more cabin and luggage space than is normal in this segment, outstanding refinement and exceptional fuel economy.

    The new Golf will have a noticeably wider track and even more room in the already spacious cabin, as well as a marginally longer wheelbase and a bigger boot than its hatchback rivals.

    The car is also expected to have an interior that’s almost completely devoid of conventional switches, at least on the higher-end models. Volkswagen design boss Klaus Bischoff has been quoted as saying that the Mk8’s interior is a “total” digital environment, with the steering wheel the only conventional component. Touchscreens will replace the traditional instrument binnacle and the climate controls. Even the headlight switch could be replaced by a touchpad.

    Update of Mk7 platform

    The basis for the next Golf is an updated version of the versatile MQB platform used by today’s model. VW insiders suggest it will use a greater percentage of lightweight metal than the existing structure for a 50kg reduction in weight.

    Planned modifications to the construction process are also said to provide more streamlined production and reduced build times as part of a strategy aimed at improving the economy of scale and profitability of VW’s best-selling model.

    Although there is still some time to go before the new Golf’s introduction, VW says it has already locked in the car’s design, which has been developed under the guidance of the company’s latest design boss, Michael Mauer, who was responsible for the styling of the current Porsche line-up.

    Those privy to the latest clay model mock-ups say the new Golf advances the classic hatchback look of its predecessors, with familiar proportions, reinterpreted details and simple surfacing to make it instantly recognisable as a Golf.

    Key styling features described to Autocar include a thin horizontal grille bookmarked by smaller angular headlights than those in use today, with a distinctive LED daytime running light graphic. The new car is also said to have more pronounced wheel arches and a heavily defined side swage line, in combination with typically wide C-pillars and a relatively upright tailgate.

    Petrol and diesel engines

    The new Golf Mk8 will get a range of 12V mild-hybrid engines for the entry-level and mid-range variants. The 1.5-litre TSI ACT petrol unit will be carried over from today’s Golf Mk7 but this will be joined by a 1.0-litre three-cylinder petrol motor and an all-new 1.5-litre diesel, which is also likely to be sold as a 12V mild hybrid. Autocar understands that the assistance of the mild-hybrid system’s starter/ generator lessens the load on the engine and reduces the spikes of NOx emissions from the diesel’s exhaust.

    One of the more intriguing rumours is that the 1.0-litre petrol engines might not be turbocharged at all, but could instead rely solely on direct assistance from a belt-driven starter/generator motor (SGM). The thinking is that the SGM will provide enough extra power and torque for the base engines, allowing the turbocharger, intercooler and associated piping and control systems to be dropped.

    The Golf Mk8’s diesel line-up will include the new 2.0 TDI (codenamed EA288 Evo) engine. VW says the base version of this unit has been significantly re-engineered to reduce exhaust pollution. There is a more efficient and responsive turbocharger and the engine is lighter, loses less heat and has reduced internal friction.

    More important, the engine’s particulate filter and catalyst have been resized for improved performance, particularly over time. VW claimed the engine offers an average of 9% more torque and power together with an average 10g/km decrease in CO2 emissions. The firm said the new diesel unit will come in versions ranging from 135bhp to 201bhp and will be seen in Audi models before being installed in the Golf Mk8 next year.

    Crucial ID concept - click here for more

    VW has already released details of the Golf’s 1.5-litre TGI Evo natural gas engine, production of which starts this year. Based on the 1.5-litre TSI engine, the TGI unit uses the same Miller cycle valve timing and a variable geometry turbocharger. It develops 129bhp and 148lb ft from 1400rpm when installed in the Golf Mk7. VW claims that this engine emits about 93g/km of CO2 on the NEDC cycle when it is hooked up to the standard- issue dual-clutch gearbox. Natural gas engines are also lower in NOx and particulate emissions than diesel and cars can be refilled from the gas mains network via small wall-mounted compressors. However, the lack of a natural gas infrastructure in the UK means this variant is unlikely to reach these shores.

    The new or upgraded powertrains will be offered in combination with either a six-speed manual or seven-speed dual-clutch automatic gearbox, depending on their configuration. Alongside front-wheel drive, VW also plans to offer optional four-wheel drive (which it calls 4Motion) in selected models, like it has done in the previous four generations of its perennial best seller.

    Two kinds of mild hybrid

    The big surprise for the Golf Mk8 drivetrains is that VW says it will be investing in both 12V and 48V mild-hybrid systems after the company re-engineered the Golf family MQB electrical architecture (one of the more expensive component systems in a car) to accommodate a 48V system. Until now, 48V mild hybrids have only been used in premium VW Group cars such as the Bentley Bentayga and Audi SQ7.

    Frank Welsch, VW’s technical development boss, has already revealed the firm’s new ‘affordable’ 48V system, which uses a belt-integrated starter/ generator/alternator to assist the engine by providing extra power and torque directly to the engine’s crankshaft.

    The key to adopting 48V in a mass-market car was VW and its suppliers developing a less expensive and more compact set-up, which uses a small DC-to-DC converter and small lithium ion battery.

    Welsch said the 48V set-up allows much greater amounts of energy to be recuperated than with 12V systems, which means significantly improved fuel economy. These new mild-hybrid engines can also start and stop extremely quickly, which will allow the Golf Mk8 to switch in and out of coasting mode when driving, making further fuel savings.

    Connected tech takes precedence

    VW sources have already promised that the next Golf will be ‘always connected’. Using the same eSIM card that has already appeared in the new Touareg, the Golf Mk8 will be permanently connected to the internet. This will allow the car to tap into 3D satellite mapping, hybrid radio (where the audio system finds the strongest signal for a station, whether analogue or digital) and the option of live information such as the latest pricing at nearby fuel stations.

    The permanent connectivity opens the way for these future models to ‘read’ the topography of the road from 3D mapping, for example, and switch to coasting when heading downhill, or approaching a junction.

    Autonomous driving will be a key feature of VW's best-seller in its eighth generation, as the brand will shoehorn even more advanced autonomous technology into the new model, as well as ensuring that it is the most connected car in the company's history, ahead of the all-electric ID hatchback that's also due in late 2019. 

    Head of VW's compact series, Karlheinz Hell, revealed: "The next Golf will take Volkswagen into the era of fully connected vehicles with extended autonomous driving functions. It will have more software on board than ever before. It will always be online and its digital cockpit and assistance systems will be the benchmark in terms of connectivity and safety."

    The current Golf benefits from VW's semi-autonomous Traffic Jam Assist system, which controls the steering, acceleration and braking of the car under 37mph, so it's certain that the Mk8 model will take a leap in advancement over this. Elsewhere, the Audi A8 is the first car in the wider VW Group to achieve level three autonomy where permitted.

    Golf to set VW design agenda

    While the new Golf will be an evolutionary take on the outgoing car, it will feature new design elements that design chief Klaus Bischoff described being “more fluid, more sporty with a very unique face”.

    It’s part of a new VW strategy to differentiate its standard model range from the new ID family of electric cars, said Bischoff: “[ID is] a new world of proportions and totally new bodystyles which are more emotional. As we go through the ceiling design- wise on ID cars, we need to echo that with ICE cars, so these will have more sporty proportions [and] a more progressive, clean design.”

    Bischoff said future cars will remain faithful to VW’s traditional design cues: “We are looking to our origins so no ‘me too’ products. They will all remain as very individual VWs.

    “If you look at front- of-car designs, nearly everybody is copying Audi. VW will go down its own road to stay true to the brand, and not look over the fence to others.” 

    Volkswagen reaps MQB’s rewards

    Volkswagen’s MQB architecture underpins its best-selling model, the Golf, of which 968,284 were sold in 2017.

    The modular toolkit is used for most of the firm’s most successful models. In total, five MQB models currently account for 3.8 million global sales.

    The firm’s second-bestseller last year was the Jetta/Sagitar (the latter is a Chinese-market compact saloon), with 883,346 units sold. The seventh-generation Jetta, which went on sale this year, is now based on MQB, as are the firm’s two next best-sellers: the Tiguan SUV (769,870 sold), in both short- and long-wheelbase forms, and the Polo

    The Lavida, a Jetta-sized MQB saloon sold only in China, is the firm’s sixth best-selling model, with 507,000 made in 2017. That leaves the Passat/Magotan family, which is sold in Europe, the US and China. Current European versions of this model are built on MQB, with the US and Chinese versions switching to the architecture in 2019, adding another 660,000 or so MQB cars to the sales total.

    Those figures are simply for Volkswagen itself: the MQB toolkit is also used widely across the group’s other brands.

    Read more 

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    VW We strategy shapes up with car sharing scheme

    Conflict transformation workshop with Monkoxi indigenous leaders from Lomerio, San Lorenzo, April 2017. Mirna Inturias, Iokiñe Rodriguez and Miguel Aragón Note: A Spanish version of this blog was published in the Acknowl-EJ Blog in May 2018. Spanish-English translation Diana Jimenez. The Monkoxi were the first indigenous nation in Bolivia to self-proclaim themselves autonomous. This took […]
              Primary Care Nurse Practitioner - Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation Health Services - Pelican Narrows, SK      Cache   Translate Page      
    If you have ever wanted to explore the beauty of northern Saskatchewan, practice autonomously to your full scope, embark on a journey of nursing like no other,...
    From Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation Health Services - Wed, 12 Dec 2018 15:03:35 GMT - View all Pelican Narrows, SK jobs
              Nissan, Renault should boost competitiveness with new system       Cache   Translate Page      
    The Yomiuri ShimbunThe world’s second-largest automotive group has begun full-fledged efforts toward maintaining its alliance. It is hoped that the latest move will mark a big step toward mending their relationship.
    Nissan Motor Co., Renault SA and Mitsubishi Motors Corp. have announced the launch of a new organization, which will serve as an oversight body for strengthening their partnership. The four top executives of the three automakers will lead the organization.
    The system in which authority over the operations of the automotive group was concentrated in the hands of defendant Carlos Ghosn — indicted on charges including aggravated breach of trust under the Companies Law — is to be changed into a consensus-based system.
    According to Nissan’s investigations, the former system gave rise to the misappropriation of Nissan funds for personal use and other misconduct by Ghosn. Given that, the course of action for reforming the system is considered appropriate.
    Yet a consensus-based corporate operating system also has a weakness in that decision-making can be delayed. Whether the new organization can handle operating decisions with a full sense of speed is to be tested.
    The top executives of the three automakers held a joint press conference. It was apparently intended to convey, both at home and abroad, that the three automakers are moving in step with each other.
    Renault Chairman Jean-Dominique Senard, also chairman of the new operating board, said, “We want to recreate the spirit the way it was at the very beginning of this alliance, an alliance that is based on fast decision-making process and respectful of our brands.”

    Deepen partnership
    Senard also suggested that he has no intention of seeking the post of Nissan chairman.
    Renault, which holds a stake of more than 40 percent in Nissan, had considered integrating its management with that of Nissan and Mitsubishi, and the French government, the largest shareholder in Renault, has also backed such a move. With the new consensus-based system, Renault may have taken into consideration the position of Nissan and Mitsubishi, both of which want to secure their independence.

    Nissan President and Chief Executive Officer Hiroto Saikawa said the new board will operate under a true partnership on an equal footing.
    It is worrisome that there is still a cause for conflict smoldering among the three automakers and the French government over the issue of management integration.
    Senard said the start of the new organization will not affect such matters as shareholder composition, but it is quite unlikely that the French government will readily change its stance of seeking management integration.
    It was Renault that rescued Nissan when the Japanese automaker faced bankruptcy in the latter half of the 1990s. Today, however, Nissan by far exceeds Renault in such areas as sales and operating profits.
    Should management integration be advanced forcibly, a backlash would be inevitable from Nissan and Mitsubishi, which is under Nissan’s umbrella. The three companies should first prioritize restoring the relationship of trust among them.
    The automobile industry is in the midst of a revolutionary phase, as symbolized by the development of autonomous driving technology and the electrification of vehicles. A global-scale competition for survival is underway.
    It was a blow to the group that the strategy of the three-way alliance was forced to stagnate in the wake of the arrest and indictment of Ghosn.
    This is not the time for the three automakers to remain at odds with each other in the group. The three firms must deepen their partnership on the heels of the inauguration of the new overseeing organization.

              Préposée aux Bénéficiaires - Soins À Domicile - Laval, QC      Cache   Translate Page      
    Applicants of interest will work primarily with the elderly in autonomous, semi-autonomous and total care conditions....
    From Indeed - Mon, 21 Jan 2019 20:39:34 GMT - View all Laval, QC jobs
              Préposé aux bénéficiaires - Soins À Domicile - Saint-Eustache, QC      Cache   Translate Page      
    Applicants of interest will work primarily with the elderly in autonomous, semi-autonomous and total care conditions....
    From Indeed - Wed, 23 Jan 2019 16:50:35 GMT - View all Saint-Eustache, QC jobs
              Préposée aux bénéficiaires - Soins À Domicile - Deux-Montagnes, QC      Cache   Translate Page      
    Applicants of interest will work primarily with the elderly in autonomous, semi-autonomous and total care conditions....
    From Indeed - Wed, 23 Jan 2019 17:24:38 GMT - View all Deux-Montagnes, QC jobs

    Telia, Ericsson and Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE) have launched Sweden’s first 5G network for industrial use today at Volvo CE’s facility in Eskilstuna. Volvo CE will then become one of the first in the world to use 5G technology to test remote-controlled machines and autonomous solutions. The 5G network... Read more »

    The post REMOTE-CONTROLLED WHEEL LOADERS TO BE TESTED WHEN VOLVO CE RECEIVES SWEDEN’S FIRST 5G NETWORK FOR INDUSTRY appeared first on Construction Trade Shows Events and Conferences - Construction Shows.

              3/14/2019: Business: Spark shows driverless cars as another 5G user      Cache   Translate Page      

    Spark is showcasing driverless cars as yet another use for the speedy 5G network that is at least another year away from being available in New Zealand. The telco has collaborated with Kiwi start-up Ohmio, which has been trialling autonomous vehicles...
              Waymo Says It’s Ready to Sell Self-Driving Car Tech to Outside Companies      Cache   Translate Page      
    Autonomous cars regularly feature in the headlines as people anticipate what the future might bring. Waymo is the
               Food-focused autonomous robot arm knows how to use the forks       Cache   Translate Page      

    The Assistive Dexterous Arm (ADA) knows how much force to apply to pick up different types ...#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

    Most people wouldn't think twice about the best way to stab a piece of food on their plate, but when viewed through the eyes of a robot this simple action is surprisingly complex. Now, researchers at the University of Washington have developed an autonomous robot arm that can figure out the best way to pick up food of any shape and bring it up to a user's mouth, which should make mealtimes easier for people with limited mobility.

    .. Continue Reading Food-focused autonomous robot arm knows how to use the forks

    Category: Robotics

              VW slashes thousands more jobs to fund electric transition      Cache   Translate Page      
    FRANKFURT AM MAIN: German car giant Volkswagen said on Wednesday (Mar 13) it would slash thousands of posts to cope with its transition to electric and autonomous driving the day after reporting rising profits, as its CEO had to apologise for an ill-advised Nazi pun. Chief executive Herbert Diess ...
              NCPD Population Programme Officer Job 2019      Cache   Translate Page      

    NCPD Population Programme Officer Job in Kenya March 2019   Recruitment opportunity : NCPD Population Programme Officer job vacancy Job opening : NCPD Population Programme Officer career vacancy   The National Council for Population and Development is a Semi-Autonomous Government Agency in the Ministry of Devolution and Planning. The Council seeks to fill the following […]

    The post NCPD Population Programme Officer Job 2019 appeared first on Africa Jobs Zone.

              TORY inventory robot rolls out to European retail stores      Cache   Translate Page      

    After a three-year pilot, German clothing retailer ADLER Modemärkte AG this week said it is rolling out the TORY inventory robot to 40 of its stores. Ilmenau, Germany-based MetraLabs GmbH provides design services and makes the autonomous service robots. TORY checks inventory 10 times faster than humans, and a unit can run for up to 18…

    The post TORY inventory robot rolls out to European retail stores appeared first on Design World.

              Thermodynamically stable whilst kinetically labile coordination bonds lead to strong and tough self-healing polymers.      Cache   Translate Page      
    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Related Articles

    Thermodynamically stable whilst kinetically labile coordination bonds lead to strong and tough self-healing polymers.

    Nat Commun. 2019 Mar 11;10(1):1164

    Authors: Lai JC, Jia XY, Wang DP, Deng YB, Zheng P, Li CH, Zuo JL, Bao Z

    There is often a trade-off between mechanical properties (modulus and toughness) and dynamic self-healing. Here we report the design and synthesis of a polymer containing thermodynamically stable whilst kinetically labile coordination complex to address this conundrum. The Zn-Hbimcp (Hbimcp = 2,6-bis((imino)methyl)-4-chlorophenol) coordination bond used in this work has a relatively large association constant (2.2 × 1011) but also undergoes fast and reversible intra- and inter-molecular ligand exchange processes. The as-prepared Zn(Hbimcp)2-PDMS polymer is highly stretchable (up to 2400% strain) with a high toughness of 29.3 MJ m-3, and can autonomously self-heal at room temperature. Control experiments showed that the optimal combination of its bond strength and bond dynamics is responsible for the material's mechanical toughness and self-healing property. This molecular design concept points out a promising direction for the preparation of self-healing polymers with excellent mechanical properties. We further show this type of polymer can be potentially used as energy absorbing material.

    PMID: 30858371 [PubMed - in process]

              Identification of tumor-autonomous and indirect effects of vitamin D action that inhibit breast cancer growth and tumor progression.      Cache   Translate Page      
    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central Related Articles

    Identification of tumor-autonomous and indirect effects of vitamin D action that inhibit breast cancer growth and tumor progression.

    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2018 03;177:155-158

    Authors: Aggarwal A, Feldman D, Feldman BJ

    Several epidemiological studies have found that low vitamin D levels are associated with worse prognosis and poorer outcomes in patients with breast cancer (BCa), although some studies have failed to find this association. In addition, prior research has found that BCa patients with vitamin D deficiency have a more aggressive molecular phenotype and worse prognostic biomarkers. As vitamin D deficiency is common in patients diagnosed with BCa, elucidating the cause of the association between poor outcomes and vitamin D deficiency promises to have a significant impact on improving care for patients with BCa including enabling the development of novel therapeutic approaches. Here we review our recent findings in this area, including our data revealing that reduction of the expression of the vitamin D receptor (Vdr) within BCa cells accelerates primary tumor growth and enables the development of metastases, demonstrating a tumor autonomous effect of vitamin D signaling to suppress BCa metastases. We believe that these findings are likely relevant to humans as we discovered evidence that a mechanism of VDR regulation identified in our mouse models is conserved in human BCa. In particular, we identified a negative correlation between serum 25(OH)D concentration and the level of expression of the tumor progression factor ID1 in primary tumors from patients with breast cancer.

    PMID: 28710021 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

              Uber Not Liable for Fatal Accident      Cache   Translate Page      
    By Tom Jowitt U.S. prosecutors have ruled that Uber is not criminally liable for the death of a woman, who was struck by one of its self-driving vehicles. In March 2018, one of Uber’s self-driving cars was involved in the fatal accident after it hit and killed a pedestrian in Arizona, while in the car was in autonomous mode. Elaine Herzberg, 49, died from her injuries after she crossed the Arizona road late at night, right in front
              Elon Musk said a Tesla car would be able to drive itself across the country by the end of 2017 — but it's 2019, and that still hasn't happened (TSLA)      Cache   Translate Page      

    Elon Musk Tesla

    • In October 2016, Elon Musk said a Tesla vehicle would be able to drive itself across the country by the end of 2017.
    • It's now 2019, and a Tesla car has yet to drive itself across the country.
    • Musk now says he expects Tesla cars will be able to operate without any driver intervention by 2020.

    In October 2016, Tesla CEO Elon Musk said on a press call that a Tesla vehicle would be able to drive itself across the country, from Los Angeles to New York City, by the end of 2017.

    It seemed like an ambitious goal at the time. And it certainly turned out to be more ambitious than Musk, or Tesla, had expected.

    In 2015, Musk said he expected a Tesla to be able to drive itself across the country by 2018. When he modified his statement in October 2016, it seemed like Tesla's autonomous driving system was ahead of schedule.

    Now, almost three years later, Tesla's driverless car goals still seem far away — but Musk keeps making promises anyway.

    Just last month, Musk said he was "certain" that Tesla vehicles would be able to operate without driver intervention by the end of 2019, pending regulatory approval.

    "I think we will be feature-complete full self-driving this year, meaning the car will be able to find you in a parking lot, pick you up, take you all the way to your destination without an intervention — this year," Musk said in an interview with ARK Invest. "I would say that I am certain of that. That is not a question mark."

    But Musk qualified this statement, too, saying updates to Tesla's driverless systems this year would still require drivers to pay attention to the road while Autopilot is active.

    In terms of when consumers can expect Tesla cars to fully drive themselves without any driver intervention, Musk estimated in the interview that that could happen by the end of next year, 2020. He also said both software updates would depend on regulatory approval.

    Of course, building cars — and sophisticated car software that can sense its surroundings and make the right decisions to act accordingly — is an extremely difficult endeavor, one that Tesla and rival car companies are still pioneering. And Tesla has made great strides with its Autopilot system, which debuted in 2014. But given how Musk and Tesla continue pushing the timetable for fully autonomous driving, year after year, we wouldn't be surprised to see further delays to this particular goal.

    We reached out to Tesla about its ever-changing timeline for self-driving cars. The company declined to comment.

    SEE ALSO: Elon Musk wants to build a high-speed tunnel underneath Las Vegas, and it sounds like it's going to actually happen

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Amazon will pay $0 in federal taxes this year — here's how the $793 billion company gets away with it

              Brookfield is buying Oaktree and it could create 'a more formidable competitor' to Blackstone in the asset management industry      Cache   Translate Page      

    howard marks

    • One of the world's biggest investment firms, Brookfield Asset Management, announced a record deal to buy a majority stake in, and eventually take over, Howard Marks' Oaktree Capital Management, in a $4.7 billion deal. 
    • The mega-deal means the combined firms' capital will just slightly exceed Blackstone's assets. 
    • "It would be a much more formidable competitor" to Blackstone, one analyst said. 

    One of the world's largest asset managers is set to get a lot bigger. 

    On Tuesday, Toronto-based Brookfield Asset Management said it would buy a 62% stake in Los Angeles-based Oaktree Capital Management, the alternatives manager founded by Howard Marks and Bruce Karsh in a $4.7 billion cash and stock deal. By 2029, Brookfield could own all of Oaktree. 

    The combined companies would have $475 billion of assets under management. Blackstone, the largest asset manager, had $474 billion as of year-end. A Blackstone spokesman said the numbers were not comparable because of differing methodologies. 

    "It’s one of those deals that doesn’t come along that often," Patrick Davitt, a research analyst at Autonomous Research, told Business Insider. "It would be a much more formidable entity with a much better developed credit arm and start to look a lot more like Blackstone. From the standpoint of becoming a one-stop shop for limited partners, they're probably going to be close to the second-best gig in town next to Blackstone." 

    See more: Private equity hiring has never been hotter, with VPs receiving up to four job offers a week and bonuses soaring

    While Oaktree manages a variety of alternatives strategies – private equity, real estate, and infrastructure – it's best known for its credit arm, which Brookfield chief executive Bruce Flatt praised as "second to none" and "one of the finest credit platforms in the world" in a statement. Brookfield, meanwhile, is best known for its real estate and infrastructure investing. 

    "It makes sense for two niche firms like that to expand on their operations, to combine their businesses to have stronger footing in the alternative asset management business," Tayfun Icten, a Morningstar analyst, said in an interview. 

    However, he cautioned that mergers, particularly those in asset management, "are tough." 

    "Your assets get into an elevator and go home every night – the people," Icten said. "Cultural fit is crucial in situations like this. It’ll never be perfect. It can work but it’s a painful process to mesh two teams together. The good news is it sounds like they’ll operate pretty independently, though it’s hard to say what Howard Marks’ long-term goals are here." 

    Sign up here for our weekly newsletter Wall Street Insider, a behind-the-scenes look at the stories dominating banking, business, and big deals.

    The deal is expected to close in the third quarter. Once Oaktree is no longer public, Autonomous's Davitt noted that management can focus just on investing and expanding, not on the management of a public company.  

    "Brookfield has a lot more capital to help Oaktree grow to the extent it wants to, which is something it didn’t have before," he said. 

    Icten contrasted the deal with other asset management M&A, which has often involved one or more underperforming companies.

    "This does not sound like a story of two weak players merging," he said. "This sounds like a story of these firms expanding on their platforms to become a stronger niche player in alternative investments."

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Scientists completed one of the most detailed explorations inside the Great Blue Hole. Here's what they found at the bottom of the giant, mysterious sinkhole.

              Waymo Just Got Into the Sensor Business      Cache   Translate Page      
    Waymo the self driving car segment of Google parent Alphabet NASDAQ GOOGL NASDAQ GOOG is widely considered to be the leader in autonomous driving technology The moon shot project that began in 2009 is now in the earliest stages of monetization having just rolled out
              Algolux Named Winner in 2019 Artificial Intelligence Excellence Awards      Cache   Translate Page      

    Algolux was recognized for the significant improvement in perception system accuracy and robustness that its AI-based Eos Perception Software provides for safer autonomous vehicles and automotive driver-assist (ADAS) systems.

    (PRWeb March 13, 2019)

    Read the full story at

              Bill Ford: We 'fit together' with VW      Cache   Translate Page      

    Ford and Volkswagen, which have been in talks to team up on electric and autonomous vehicles, make for good partners because both recognize the extent of the challenges ahead, the executive chairman said.

              Autonomous system uses quadcopters to help wheeled robots climb steep cliffs      Cache   Translate Page      
    Researchers at the University of Tokyo propose a framework that taps drones to help ground vehicles traverse steep cliffs.
              Statistical Properties of Autonomous Flows in 2D Active Nematics      Cache   Translate Page      
    Soft Matter, 2019, Accepted Manuscript
    DOI: 10.1039/C8SM01877D, Paper
    Linnea M Lemma, Stephen J DeCamp, Zhihong You, Luca Giomi, Zvonimir Dogic
    We study the dynamics of a tunable 2D active nematic liquid crystal composed of microtubules and kinesin motors confined to an oil-water interface. Kinesin motors continuously inject mechanical energy into...
    The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

              Infusion Nurse - Whitehorse - AmerisourceBergen - Whitehorse, YT      Cache   Translate Page      
    Able to work autonomously with little supervision as part of a larger remote team. Are you looking to make a difference in a patient’s life?...
    From AmeriSourceBergen - Mon, 12 Nov 2018 20:38:17 GMT - View all Whitehorse, YT jobs
              Field and Infusion Nurse - AmerisourceBergen - Battleford, SK      Cache   Translate Page      
    Able to work autonomously with little supervision as part of a larger remote team. Are you looking to make a difference in a patient’s life?...
    From AmeriSourceBergen - Sat, 09 Feb 2019 02:36:55 GMT - View all Battleford, SK jobs
              German Military Vehicles Special Vol.73 Gepard Self-Propelled Antiaircraft Gun (English)      Cache   Translate Page      
    German Military Vehicles Special Vol.73 Gepard Self-Propelled Antiaircraft Gun (English)The Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer 1 Gepard self-propelled antiaircraft gun is an autonomous, highly mobile, all-weather air defence weapon system. Fitted with two 35mm automatic cannons, a search radar and a tracking radar, the vehicle can engage fixed-wing and rotary-winged aircraft at short and very short ranges, including suddenly appearing targets. In service from 1976 to 2010, the vehicle was fielded by the German Army Air Defence Force in the following variants: Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer 1 Gepard (B2), Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer 1 A1 Gepard (B2L) and Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer 1 A2 Gepard. This publication describes the Gepards development history, technology and extensively shows the vehicle in action.
    Quality Photos and Illustrations;
    Illustrated throughout with 136 colour photographs, 10 black&white photographs, 11 graphics and two 1/35 scale drawings
    Number of Pages:

    Buy Now
              Hiring Administrative and Data Entry Clerk      Cache   Translate Page      
    Job Summary:

    We are seeking a dynamic and experienced Administrative and Data Entry Clerk to join our team. You will also be required to assist in the day to day running of the office, You must have a good ability to learn quickly, able to multi-task and work under pressure.

    Responsibilities & duties will include:

    • Collaborate frequently with affected departments (Sales, Marketing)
    • Ensure accuracy of the budget and manage timelines
    • Honor Billing Revenue tracking and posting
    • Various Month End standard postings
    • Maintenance of records and filing
    • Other duties as may be assigned

    The successful applicant will possess:

    • Good people skills
    • Good attitude & work ethic
    • Excellent communication skills
    • High attention to detail and accuracy
    • Previous experience in a similar position
    • Basic computer skills (word, Excel, Outlook Ext)
    • The ability to follow direction as well as work autonomously

    Please note: only people with the right to work in Singapore will be reviewed.

    We thank all candidates for their interest.
              Allstate Joins Intelligent Car Coalition to Drive Future of Personal Transportation      Cache   Translate Page      

    As the evolution of personal transportation accelerates, Allstate today announced its membership in the Intelligent Car Coalition (ICC), a group dedicated to creating a safer, more efficient transportation system with autonomous and other advanced technologies. Allstate views ICC as a group of like thinkers addressing issues of data access and ownership, safety, and liability concerns who can come together to shape the future of personal transportation. "The way people get from point A t...

    Read the full story at

              Proposed Pentagon budget includes new funding for border wall and accounting trick      Cache   Translate Page      

    iStock/Ivan Cholakov(WASHINGTON) -- While many federal agencies took big hits in the proposed federal budget from the White House, the Pentagon's portion for the coming year is almost 5 percent more than the $685 billion enacted by Congress last year.

    Overall the Trump administration's proposed national security budget is $750 billion. But that includes $32 billion from other agencies, such as the Department of Energy which takes care of the United State's non-deployed nuclear weapons arsenal. The $718 billion dollars slated for the Pentagon includes a 3.1 percent pay increase for military service members, increases space funding by 15 percent to $14.1 billion and includes about $3.6 billion in new funding to build barriers along the Southwest border.

    "This budget reflects the challenge pulling together all the pieces of the National Defense Strategy that have been built over the past two years," said Grover Norquist the Pentagon's comptroller who is currently performing the duties of the Defense Department's deputy secretary.

    But Congress is certain to raise questions about the accounting tricks that sidestep legal budget caps on what the Pentagon budget is supposed to be for this year.

    Under the 2011 Budget Control Act, the Pentagon has a spending cap of $545 billion in its budget for this year. Those limits typically cover the "base" budget items for running the Department of Defense.

    The funds for fighting wars overseas are allocated in the Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) fund, that in recent years, has come in at around $60 billion.

    But this year's OCO has ballooned to $173 billion, almost three times what it's been in previous years, because the Pentagon now says $97 billion in "base" funding can fall under the OCO account.

    Pentagon Deputy Comptroller Elaine McCusker defended the accounting maneuver, telling reporters it was something the Pentagon has done before.

    "The accounts that we have in OCO are accounts that have been funded in full or in part, in the past," she told reporters Tuesday.

    The budget proposal also includes new funding to build barriers along the Southwest barrier, but Pentagon officials could not provide specific details about how the new $3.6 billion could be used, other than to say it helps meet the $18 billion the Trump administration has identified to build the border wall.

    Separately the Pentagon has also set aside an additional $3.6 billion to replace this year's military construction funds that could soon be used to build border barriers under President Donald Trump's national emergency declaration.

    In releasing details from the overall proposal, senior Pentagon officials stressed how the budget is strategy-driven and is intended to counter the growing competition from Russia and China in new areas.

    "Future wars will be waged not just in the air, on the land or at sea, but also in space and cyberspace, dramatically increasing the complexity of warfare, Norquist said.

    To that end the budget request increases space funding by 15 percent to $14.1 billion with most of that amount going to improve space capabilities, satellite communication and launches.

    The new Space Force -- advocated by Trump -- the new Space Command and the Space Development Agency make up only $300 million of that funding.

    The Pentagon budget also includes $9.6 billion on cyber operations, both offensive and defensive, a ten percent increase over last year.

    Seeking to keep its competitive advantage on the battlefield, the Pentagon is also investing in new research of future technologies like artificial intelligence, hypersonics, directed energy and autonomous vehicles.

    The new budget is also certain to please military service members who, if Congress approves, are in line to receive a 3.1 percent pay increase, an amount Pentagon officials touted as the largest request in a decade.

    Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

              Dubai massage      Cache   Translate Page      
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              6th Pay Commission DA Orders – 154% DA from Jan 2019      Cache   Translate Page      
    6th Pay Commission DA Orders – 154% DA from Jan 2019 Rate of Dearness Allowance applicable w.e.f. 01.01.2019 to the employees of Central Government and Central Autonomous Bodies continuing to draw their pay in the pre-revised pay scale/Grade Pay as per 6th Central Pay Commission No.1/3(1)/2008-E.II(B)Government of IndiaMinistry of FinanceDepartment of Expenditure North Block, New […]
              The Radical Innovation Award Looks Toward the Future of Transportation Design as it Relates to Hospitality       Cache   Translate Page      

    If you're into exploring the future of mobility and/or hospitality, the Radical Innovation Award just crossed our radar and might be worth applying to. The annual competition, now open for submissions, challenges designers, architects, hoteliers and students to create new and innovative ideas for the travel and hospitality industries.

    Since its founding in 2006, Radical Innovation has awarded nearly $200,000 to its international network of creative talents. Past winners include the Autonomous Travel Suite by Aprilli Design Studio and the Hyperloop Hotel by Brandan Siebrecht, which both focused on combining transportation and accommodation, saving time and money while on route to your next destination. A standout in the field was 2015 winner, Abdelfattah Soliman of Effat University in Saudi Arabia. She created "Adaptive Balloons," a concept that imagined pop-up refuges for people who have been affected by natural disasters around the planet. The inflatable vinyl balloons would act as living spaces and could be suitable to land or water for any inclement condition.

    "Radical Innovation discovers and spotlights creative geniuses with the drive to create entirely new segments of the hospitality industry" —John Hardy, Founder of Radical Innovation and CEO of The John Hardy Group.

    The panel is made up of jurors from a variety of different industries that evaluate entries based on originality, creativity, design and potential impact. Most importantly, judges are looking for feasibility, as the concept must have an action plan of how it can be achieved in the next three to five years. New for this year, they will distinguish between built and unbuilt and will highlight an innovator in 2019. Until teleportation can actually happen, Radical Innovation is churning out interesting ideas that we hope will come to life in the near future.

              3/14/2019: Business: Spark shows driverless cars as another 5G user      Cache   Translate Page      

    Spark is showcasing driverless cars as yet another use for the speedy 5G network that is at least another year away from being available in New Zealand. The telco has collaborated with Kiwi start-up Ohmio, which has been trialling autonomous vehicles...
              Inductors learning kit available at APEC 2019 by Würth Elektronik eiSos and ...      Cache   Translate Page      
    Waldenburg (Germany), 12 March 2019 &ndash; The TI-PMLK Buck W&uuml;rth Elektronik Edition is a learning kit to autonomously study the impact of magnetics in a power supply using a buck board with adjustable operating conditions and a free experiment book. W&uuml;rth Elektronik eiSos will display the new TI-PMLK - W&uuml;rth Elektronik Edition at APEC 2019 (Anaheim &ndash; California, USA). The TI-PMLK (Texas Instruments Power Management Lab Kit) W&uuml;rth Elektronik Edition, developed in...
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    Leroy Merlin - Johannesburg, Gauteng - East Rand, Gauteng - LEROY MERLIN is a part of ADEO which is Head Quartered in France, Europe. ADEO boasts a workforce of over 120 000 Employees, 34 Autonomous...
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              NGOs Urge the EU to Press China on Human Rights      Cache   Translate Page      


    Ministers for Foreign Affairs of all EU member states
    Donald Tusk, President of the European Council
    Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission
    Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs / Vice-President of the European Commission

    March 13, 2019

    Re: The EU, China, and Human Rights

    Your Excellencies,

    We write regarding the ongoing discussions among European Union (EU) member states about EU-China relations, and ahead of the forthcoming series of EU-China dialogues, culminating in the EU-China Summit to be held in Brussels on April 9. At a moment when China poses threats to human rights domestically and internationally, it is essential that the EU take action to defend international human rights norms and institutions.

    Since last year’s Summit, President Xi’s government continues its assault on human rights across China. Credible estimates suggest that more than one million Turkic Muslims are being arbitrarily detained across Xinjiang, simply on the basis of their identity, and outside of any legal process. Outside the camps, Xinjiang authorities surveil and control every aspect of life, imposing severe restrictions on their freedom of religion, and on the rights to freedoms of expression, association, and movement. In Tibet, authorities have intensified political education and imposed restrictions on informal community groups.

    Across the country, lawyers, journalists, perceived critics, and human rights defenders continue to endure arbitrary detention, imprisonment, and enforced disappearance. Legal reform has not simply stalled but reversed, erasing many of the last two decades’ gains with respect to placing constraints on state power. Beijing has invested heavily in rapid expansion of a high-tech surveillance state, giving it ever-greater control over society.  Chinese authorities tightened control in advance of the 60th “Tibetan National Uprising Day” on March 10, including closing the Tibet Autonomous Region for two months to foreign tourists.

    Chinese leaders’ turn against the universality of human rights is also increasingly visible through China’s foreign policy. In a chilling indication of its longer-term agenda to weaken key human rights institutions, in March 2018, China succeeded in advancing a resolution at the Human Rights Council, focusing on its vision for “win-win cooperation,” while omitting any role for independent civil society, any mention of accountability, and other core parts of the Council’s mandate.

    Beyond its own borders, Beijing has pressed other governments, including several EU member states, to forcibly return asylum seekers to China. It has also stepped up harassment of diaspora communities worldwide. Not only does Beijing continue to arbitrarily detain EU citizens, including Gui Minhai, but it is now also prosecuting two Canadian citizens on charges of stealing state secrets – one of the most serious charges under Chinese law – in apparent retaliation against Ottawa over a diplomatic dispute. Throughout the year, China pressed ahead with its “One Belt, One Road” initiative, which lacks mechanisms for due diligence, consultation with affected communities, or labor rights, including in EU member states.

    It is clear that the Chinese government poses a threat to human rights around the world, and to the EU as a critical institutional defender of human rights. The tough negotiations the EU and its member states have ahead of every session of the United Nations Human Rights Council, or in relation to any human rights statement that concerns China, are ongoing indications of this difficulty. Perhaps more emblematic is the fact that as we approach the 30th anniversary of the June 1989 Tiananmen Square bloodshed, Beijing has provided no accountability for the killings, enforced disappearances, or imprisonment of Tiananmen activists, but rather continued persecution of the memory and speech about the crackdown.

    In order to affirm the EU’s foundational principle of promoting human rights, to continue to press for positive change in China, and to send an unambiguous message to Chinese leaders through this upcoming series of meetings, we urge you to:

    • Along the lines of the EU’s statement to the High Level Segment of the Human Rights Council, press China to allow meaningful access to Xinjiang for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and other UN representatives;
    • Publicly and privately press before, during, and after the Summit to secure the release of Gui Minhai, Huang Qi, Wang Quanzhang, Guligeina Tashimaimaiti, Ilham Tohti, Tashi Wangchuk, and Lee Ming-che.
    • Consistent with its response to an inadequate bilateral human rights dialogue in Beijing in July 2018, the EEAS should again promptly publish a frank assessment of the forthcoming human rights dialogue. Until such time as the Chinese government engages in the dialogue in good faith, the EEAS should continue to consider a “shadow” dialogue with independent Chinese civil society. Acknowledge that, despite commendable efforts by the EEAS, the EU-China human rights dialogue has failed to produce tangible results, and that the dialogue should complement, not substitute, higher-level talks on human rights with Chinese authorities;
    • Identify specific human rights issues the Chinese government needs to address as a strategic priority for the EU and its member states, starting with the closure of “political education” camps in Xinjiang, abolition of the death penalty, and an end to the persecution of human rights defenders;
    • Insist on the ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 21 years on from China’s signature of the Covenant; and
    • Commit to publicly marking the 30th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown in June 2019, and the anniversary of Liu Xiaobo’s death in July 2019.

    In the coming weeks, the EU and its member states have multiple occasions to prioritize these urgent human rights concerns at preparatory meetings and at the Summit. Each missed opportunity to articulate specific human rights improvements is a message to China’s leadership – and people across China and the world – that those concerns remain subordinated to other issues.

    Thank you for your consideration of these important matters. We look forward to discussing these issues at your earliest convenience.


    Amnesty International
    China Aid
    Christian Solidarity Worldwide
    Frontline Defenders
    Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker
    International Campaign for Tibet
    International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
    International Service for Human Rights
    International Tibet Network
    Human Rights in China
    Human Rights Watch
    Unrepresented Nations & Peoples Organization
    World Uyghur Congress



              Antarctica dispatch 8: Behold grease, shuga and pancake ice      Cache   Translate Page      

    As February gives way to March and the nights grow longer at the bottom of the world, the sea around the Nathaniel B. Palmer is starting to freeze up.

    The National Science Foundation-chartered icebreaker is wrapping up its trip to Thwaites Glacier, on the west coast of Antarctica, where an international group of scientists is on an eight-week expedition to unlock the secrets of why, and how fast, the Florida-sized glacier is melting.

    But ice is not just what the scientists here are studying. It’s also what controls where, when — and even if — they can do their work.

    Grease ice forms in front of a the large horizontal ice face of Pine Island Glacier.

    Grease ice forms before sunrise in front of Pine Island Glacier.


    Carolyn Beeler/The World

    As the Amundsen Sea freezes up and winds move old ice around, this refreezing has already prevented the Palmer from reaching areas clear for passage just days before.

    On Wednesday, the captain of the Palmer and science team leaders decided to start heading north a few days ahead of schedule after a final study site was blocked by ice and satellite images showed the passageway out of the Amundsen Sea growing narrower.

    The front of the Nathaniel B. Palmer ship is shown at the bottom of the photo breaking through ice floes.

    The Nathaniel B. Palmer breaking through ice floes during its southward transit.


    Carolyn Beeler/The World

    The seawater here is always close to freezing, and the whole top layer of water must that temperature before the surface layer starts to solidify. That means a small drop in temperature or a strong wind blowing off the frigid continent can prompt ice to form fast, growing up to five inches thick in just two days.

    “You just need a tiny little bit of energy taken out of the system and it starts to freeze,” says Lars Boehme, an oceanographer and ecologist from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. “And it starts to freeze a lot.”

    The yellow railing of the a research vessel is in the nearground with ice shown forming in the Amundsen Sea.

    Larger pancake ice forms in the Amundsen Sea.


    Carolyn Beeler/The World

    This rapid freezing has added an extra challenge to safely lifting autonomous gliders and submarines from the sea over the past few weeks.

    Sea ice formation, as explained by Nathaniel Bowditch in what’s commonly known as the mariner’s bible (officially titled American Practical Navigator) starts when tiny, needle-like crystals called spicules or frazil ice form in the top inch or so of seawater.

    Grease ice turning to shuga on a still day with large white icebergs off in the distance.

    Grease ice turning to shuga on a still day.


    Carolyn Beeler/The World

    When these crystals are blown together by winds and currents, they form matte streaks called grease ice, which look like an oil spill and subdue the effects of wind and waves on the surface of the water.

    Next comes shuga ice — so called, says the Palmer’s captain Brandon Bell — because it looks like sugar thrown into water that didn’t dissolve, a soupy opaque layer of ice crystals and small ice chunks that floats on top of the water and dampens the waves even further, making the water unearth it undulate.

    A narrow break in new ice is shown in the middle of the photo on a gray day in the Amundsen Sea.

    The wind cleaves a break in new ice on a gray day in the Amundsen Sea.


    Carolyn Beeler/The World

    Temperature, wave action and salinity control how new ice progresses from shuga to older, thicker, more brittle ice, but in this part of the Amundsen Sea, the next stage is often the formation of disks of ice, tiny at first, looking like cells or tiny lily pads, that grow larger until they’re classified as pancake ice.

    Thousands of circular white pieces of ice are show across the photo.

    Pancakes, circular pieces of ice formed when wind and waves break up new ice and abrasion rounds off its edges, start to form here.


    Carolyn Beeler/The World

    “As it gets colder and colder, the water is trying to freeze into a sheet, but there’s movement, so it’s breaking that sheet apart, and you get these little chunks of ice,” says Joe Patterson, a marine technician on the Palmer who’s on her ninth voyage to Antarctica. “As they get tossed and blown by the wind and current, it rounds off the edges a little bit.”

    “One of the things that’s really distinct about the pancakes as they start forming is that the edges are sort of curled up because they’re kind of crashing into each other,” Patterson said.

    If temperatures stay low enough, the pancakes, which can be up to nine feet across, can join together and freeze into ice cakes, larger ice floes, and, once they’re several miles wide, ice fields.

    The brown railing of the research vessel is shown in the near ground with larger pancake ice formations in the Amundsen Sea.

    Larger pancake ice forms in the Amundsen Sea.


    Carolyn Beeler/The World

    When it’s young, these large pieces of ice can still be flexible.

    “You can actually see the sea swell moving under the ice field. It’s very disorienting, and kind of gives you a sense of vertigo because the ground is gently rippling underneath you,” Patterson said.

    These relatively flat sheets of new ice regularly grow up to six feet thick in their first year. If the ice survives the next summer’s warmer days and round-the-clock Antarctic sunlight, it’s then called second-year and then multi-year ice.

    As it ages, ice gets harder and more brittle and the salt is squeezed out of it. (Ice that’s clear and has all the salt squeezed out of it is called bar ice, because it’s good in the kind of beverage not allowed on a dry ship like the Palmer.)

    As it ages, large white pieces of ice crash into each other to form pressure ridges in a photo with a thin water path through the two sides.

    As it ages, pieces of ice crash into each other to form pressure ridges.


    Carolyn Beeler/The World

    As the wind and waves crash pieces of ice together, they form pressure ridges that look like tiny mountain ranges made of meringue. Old ice, deformed in this way and growing thicker each winter from snowfall, is much harder — requiring more time and fuel — for a reinforced ship like the Palmer to break through.

    As the ship turns north to begin the journey along the west coast of Antarctica, around the Antarctic Peninsula and to the southern tip of Chile, Captain Brandon Bell is keeping a close eye on the weather as far away as Australia, and on ice images supplied by the US National Ice Center, constantly on the lookout for pathways of open water to ease the trip home.

              Ford is expanding its self-driving vehicle program to Austin      Cache   Translate Page      
    Ford is preparing to open an autonomous vehicle program in Austin as the automaker continues to ramp up testing ahead of launching a self-driving taxi and delivery service in 2021, according to sources familiar with the development. A new job listing for an autonomous vehicles “market specialist” based in Austin validates the information. Austin is […]
              Blake, Heidegger, Buddhism, and Deep Ecology: A Fourfold Perspective on Humanity's Relationship to Nature      Cache   Translate Page      
    February 2007

    Romanticism and Buddhism

    Blake, Heidegger, Buddhism, and Deep Ecology: A Fourfold Perspective on Humanity's Relationship to Nature

    Louise Economides, University of Montana

    This study examines the controversy surrounding Deep Ecology and argues that this branch of ecological theory usefully interrogates anthropocentric humanism. Parallels between Deep Ecology and Buddhist thought are explored as a means of countering the charge that Deep Ecology is narrowly 'romantic,' while its endebtedness to Romanticism, particularly that evident in William Blake and Martin Heidegger's phenomenology, is also acknowledged. This essay appears in _Romanticism and Buddhism_, a volume of _Romantic Circles Praxis Series_, prepared exclusively for Romantic Circles (, University of Maryland.

    1. Deep ecology, that branch of environmental philosophy that most radically challenges the assumptions of anthropocentric humanism, has recently become something of a bête-noir within mainstream ecological thought. Following Luc Ferry's influential linking of deep ecology with fascism in The New Ecological Order, many environmental thinkers have published work criticizing the movement's anti-modernism and potentially totalitarian holism. For example, in "Ecofascism: An Enduring Temptation," Michael Zimmerman identifies instances of such holism in the politics of noted European environmentalist Dr. Walter Schoenichen and in American environmentalist J. Baird Collicott's early approval of deep ecology's "biocentric" philosophy. Citing Aldus Leopold's collectivist land ethic as a major influence upon American biocentrists, Zimmerman sums up the threat of organic holism at work in certain branches of deep ecological thought:

      According to Leopold, 'the land' refers to the internally related complex of organic and inorganic elements . . . that constitute a particular biome or bioregion. Leopold sometimes described these elements as being analogous to the organs of an organism. To survive, an organism's organs must cooperatively limit their behavior in ways that serve the higher good of the whole organism. Individual organisms lack ethical importance, for they are temporary instantiations of enduring species whose interlocking relationships constitute 'the land.' (400)

      If taken as a biological foundation for political policy, it is not difficult to see how Leopold's land ethic can lead to a form of holistic totalitarianism wherein the rights of individuals are automatically subordinated to the collective good. Similarly, in Imagining Nature: Blake'sEnvironmental Poetics, literary critic Kevin Hutchings analyzes the Polypus in Blake's Jerusalem as a "travesty or parody of the holistic relationality which is a definitive yet ultimately irreducible or undefinable trait of Blakean 'Life'" (194). Hutchings analyzes the Polypus as a figure whereby Blake explores the horrific implications of a human society that has been "overwhelmed by the 'Outside' or objective universe" (196) to such an extent that it behaves like an assimilating "organism" in which "the individual human loses all autonomous identity." He goes on to link such a totalitarian vision with Arne Naess's philosophy:

      One of the founders of the 'deep ecology' movement, Naess advocates an ethic of human 'identification' with all life, a mode of relationship entailing [according to critic Ralph Pite] 'an extension of sympathy that reaches so far and becomes so constant that the self loses any desire to differentiate between itself and the world.' (quoted in Hutchings 197)

      Far from offering a desirable alternative to modernity's dualistic alienation of human beings from nature as a domain to be dominated in the name of civilization, Hutchings's deep ecological Polypus embodies an inverse, pathological form of identification which "entails a holistic totalitarianism that actually forecloses ethical possibilities" (197).

    2. Such critiques are important insofar as they identify regressive elements within the deep ecology movement that, in the name of holism, seek to efface différance and to deny political contingency via recourse to specious biological determinism. The historical consequences of such ideology in Nazi "blood and soil" totalitarianism should serve as a powerful reminder of the risks entailed in reactionary dismissals of modernity and of humanism's ethical legacy for our species. However, as Cary Wolfe and other scholars have pointed out, traditional liberal humanism is—in and of itself—theoretically "impoverished" when it comes to providing non-anthropocentric models for how to conceive the rights of non-human species. Indeed, changes currently underway in global ecology and in technology indicate that non-human nature is rapidly being altered by human culture to such an extent that any distinguishable difference between what is "natural" and what is artificial may soon be rendered meaningless. Although the cultural dimension of nature's meaning has always been a product of human artifice, the scope of physical changes underway in today's global weather systems, increasingly ubiquitous genetically modified organisms, and in continually shrinking habitat for endangered species all suggest that nature's material "différance" is being effaced by humanity on an unprecedented scale.  Indeed, it is the latter erasure that has led contemporary ecologists such as Bill McKibben to conclude that our era marks the "end of nature" and philosophers such as Michel Serres to argue that global culture has itself become a force of nature, the human equivalent of plate tectonics (16). In other words, if we continue to apply powerful technology under the influence of a traditionally humanist mindset that remains blind to the pitfalls of anthropocentrism, nature as an "outside" will cease to function as a useful counterbalance to human activity or as a domain which provides a window onto other modes of being. In essence, the risk of humanity being reduced to a subset of biological nature feared by opponents of totalitarian holism seems far less likely today than an opposite (equally problematic) monism wherein nature is completely subsumed by the category of the human.

    3. Insofar as it attempts to inaugurate a means of thinking alternatives to the latter dilemma, deep ecology remains a significant facet of environmental philosophy. Of all the major schools of ecological thinking currently available, deep ecology addresses most directly the problem of anthropocentrism and the need to re-consider the status of non-human entities as co-inhabitants of planet earth. It does so primarily via the Deep Ecology Platform (DEP)'s recognition of "intrinsic value" in all life forms and its assertion that human beings have no essential "right" to reduce the richness of biodiversity "except to satisfy vital needs" (Naess and Sessions quoted in Deep Ecology 70). Although the concepts of "inherent worth" and humanity's "vital needs" are subject to deconstruction, the platform nonetheless raises the question of why non-human life has traditionally been excluded from "subject" status in western thought, and (therefore) from inclusion within the sphere of "intrinsic value" and/or unalienable rights. Indeed, the notion of intrinsic value, I will argue, necessarily compliments the principle of "wide identification" that also underwrites deep ecological thought as an "ultimate premise" (Glasser 219). As is illustrated in Zimmerman's and Hutchings's analysis, the charge that deep ecology promotes totalitarian holism hinges largely upon exclusive attention to the "identification" principle without an acknowledgement of the tension that is produced by deep ecology's concurrent inclusion of the "intrinsic value" principle. At a fundamental level, the latter represents an attempt to acknowledge the value of both "human and nonhuman" diversity, as reflected in the platform's second basic principle: "richness and diversity of life forms contribute to the realization of [intrinsic] values" (Naess and Sessions quoted in Deep Ecology  70). It is difficult to see how a commitment to human diversity as a "value in [itself]" gels with the charge of totalitarian holism leveled by critics of deep ecology. Moreover, diverse traditions have informed the philosophical premises of the DEP (including Spinozan Christianity, feminism, pre-industrial or "primal" cultures, ecological science, contemporary physics and—particularly significant for the present study—Romanticism and Eastern religion).

    4. The humanist tradition in Western thought enables us to contemplate human life's "intrinsic value," arguably one of the most important ethical achievements of this philosophy. Although subject to the charge of logical fallacy (it might be argued that nothing has inherent value but that all value derives from human attribution), the principle nonetheless possesses a certain wisdom insofar as it guards against the reduction of value to utility. This is why Kant's "categorical imperative" asserts that it is wrong to see a human being as a "means" to some end rather than as an "end in his/herself"—i.e. to see subjects in terms of their functional utility rather than as entities with a value that transcends all notions of use. Following in this tradition, Naess attempts to extend the concept of what constitutes an "end in itself" to non-human entities. Thus, following Tom Regan, he defines "intrinsic value" as "the presence of inherent value in a natural object . . . independent of any awareness, interest, or appreciation of it by any conscious being" (Regan quoted in Naess  197). The humanist tradition, however, maintains that differences in kind which exist between humans and animals (language use, rationality, capacity for ethical behavior) justifies their exclusion from the domain of "intrinsic rights." For example, Kant maintained that because animals lacked consciousness, they could not be ends in themselves but were mere means to human ends. Given recent discoveries regarding animal consciousness in the field of cognitive ethology and regarding humanity's close genetic kinship with other animals, many of the discriminatory markers invoked by earlier humanist thinkers have proven to be problematic and/or not nearly as clearly defined as was once believed. Deep ecology challenges us to reconsider why we continue to deny that non-human life can also be perceived as possessing inherent worth and why, for purposes of expediency, human beings should automatically have the right to determine a natural entity's value, or, conversely, to deny it. In order to consider the possibility that non-human life forms might possess intrinsic value, deep ecologists have had to seek philosophical models beyond those afforded in humanism, insights derived from non-dominant traditions within Western thought and in Eastern traditions such as Buddhism.   

    5. Humanity's ability to identify with certain non-human life forms may at first seem to be a sufficient basis for attributing intrinsic value to an entity, yet in actuality identification alone in no way ensures that an organism's right to life will be acknowledged. For example, human beings might identify with a tiger's strength and beauty or a wolf's intelligence, yet this very identification contributes to the slaughter of tigers for aphrodisiac products in the Far East and has contributed to our competitive drive to exterminate the wolf in the West. Likewise, the popularity of bird feathers and furs as objects of aesthetic admiration (human identification with the beauty of these things) has contributed to extinction and/or drastic reduction in the populations of other animals. This is why "wide identification" alone is an insufficient principle upon which to ground an ecological philosophy that goes beyond the limitations of traditional humanism. Conversely, if we cannot identify with non-human life at all (seeing human interests as being entirely distinct from the interests of other organisms and denying the latter a capacity for thought or feeling) then we also run the risk of objectifying and exploiting natural entities as wholly alien "others." In an effort to avoid either scenario, deep ecology attempts to counterbalance "wide identification" with an acknowledgement of all life's "intrinsic value." The great risk of this strategy is that, from a conventionally rational perspective, it may appear to be incoherent. Operating from within such a perspective, one might critique the logic of asking human beings to identify with natural entities while simultaneously asserting that life's value is ultimately "independent" of any human "awareness, interest, or appreciation" of it. From such a standpoint, a philosophy must choose whether it bases its ethical claims upon principles of sameness (identification) or différance (attribution of value to things because they resist the homogenizing effects of identification).              

    6. This paper will make a case for the necessity of deep ecology's inclusion of these apparently contradictory (but actually complementary) principles within its philosophical framework. Three key sources of deep ecological thought—Romanticism, Martin Heidegger's philosophy, and Buddhism— collectively illustrate the importance of combining both "wide identification" and "intrinsic value" in one's environmental ethos. William Blake's monistic art demonstrates the vital importance of human identification with nature; Martin Heidegger's late philosophy outlines the limitations of identification and the need to acknowledge "intrinsic value" in non-human entities; and Buddhist thought parallels both approaches, providing a means for recognizing their complementarity. Conceptually, this essay will revolve around the insight suggested in Zen master Ch'ing-Yüan's famous sermon on mountains and waters (Sheng-yu Lai  358-359). Ch'ing-Yüan states that when he first began to study Zen, mountains were mountains and waters were waters, when he thought he understood Zen, mountains were not mountains and waters were not waters, and when he actually experienced Zen awakening mountains were again mountains and waters were again waters. One way to interpret this sermon is to note that we in the West are inheritors of a dominant mode of dualistic thinking wherein mountains and waters appear to be objects existing "outside" the human subject, which could be likened to the first phases of understanding in Ch'ing-Yüan's sermon. However, we also inherit a less dominant tradition (Romanticism) that seeks to foster a mode of consciousness that transforms mountains and waters into phenomena the subject identifies with on a deeper level. In this second phase of awareness, mountains no longer appear to be the objects they once were, but take on an altered phenomenological status within the mind of the perceiver. Yet, such identification must go a step further in order for the human subject to achieve a truly enlightened relationship with mountains and waters. A third phase must be achieved wherein mountains and waters again are acknowledged as being separable from humanity, although this insight is now accompanied by a greater sense of compassion than was available at the outset. Inspired by Ch'ing-Yüan's sermon, this paper will consider whether deep identification is a necessary prerequisite to "letting things be," by acknowledging that such identification does not require a one way projection of human identity onto nature, nor an insistence that nature be absolutely revealed to us. True identification humbly acknowledges the limits of human understanding and values the mystery of nature's "suchness"—its irreducible otherness—by creating a space for acknowledging its "intrinsic value."

    7. In "Blake's Deep Ecology, or the Ethos of Otherness," critic Mark Lussier usefully revises the traditional characterization of Blake as an archetypal champion of art and reviler of nature as something hostile to the imagination. As he convincingly illustrates, what Blake objected to was the Cartesian construct of nature as an object domain separable from human consciousness, a world of dead matter that could be exploited ad infinitum to benefit humanity's estate. In such a view, nature's unpredictability is effaced within a mechanistic framework that characterizes it as a machine-like system composed of discreet parts, whose power can be harnessed by human beings. Nature remains a material other, but one that can be controlled by humanity. Blake's texts—perhaps more than those of any other Romantic poet—consistently subvert this construction of nature and the anthropocentric subjectivity that underwrites it. This is because of his conviction (expressed in a 1799 letter to Rev. Dr. Trusler) that "to the Eyes of the Man of Imagination Nature is Imagination itself" (Complete Poetry  702). For Blake, nature and humanity are in fact one, originally unified in Albion, the Eternal Man. Albion's fragmentation gave rise to the dualistic illusion that humanity is separate from nature, but Imaginative perception—particularly that enacted in poetic reflection—reveals the true interconnection of all things. In order to experience what a deep ecologist might term "wide identification" with nature, however, Blake asserted that we must revise our atomistic understanding of subjectivity in order to comprehend all existence as reflecting the Human Form Divine. Within this monistic schema, all entities share humanity's capacity for intellect, feeling, and "speech" because, on a deep level, they are synonymous with the human mind or imagination.  

    8. Blake realized that human identification with nature requires an acknowledgment of how non-human entities "signify" even though they don't literally possess human language. This is why, in poems such as "The Book of Thel" natural entities "speak" to Thel in the sense that they are capable of educating her if she is receptive to their lessons. As Lussier points out, this poem anticipates what we would today describe as an ecological awareness that "every thing that lives, / Lives not alone, nor for itself" (II: 26-27)—that although lilies, clouds, worms and human beings are (as individuals) impermanent, they sustain wider networks of life that do not pass away. This is why the Lilly (Blake's spelling) of the field explains she doesn't lament death because her life nourishes other animals like the lamb and the bee. Likewise, a little cloud explains that when it appears to vanish, it in fact remains part of the water cycle that gives "tenfold life" (II: 11) to other beings. Thel's existential dilemma (a uniquely human dilemma) is that she cannot accept either her mortality or her integration within the web of life. This is why Thel fears that she "live[s] only to be at death the food of worms," to which the cloud replies "Then if thou art the food of worms. O virgin of the skies, / How great thy use, how great thy blessing" (II: 23-26).  Here, the text playfully subverts Thel's speciesist revulsion at the prospect of becoming worm food by reversing the anthropocentric assumption that human beings use nature (but not vice versa) to celebrate Thel's inescapable "purposiveness" within ongoing natural cycles. Yet, due to a dualistic philosophy that locates subjectivity exclusively in the individual's disembodied mind, Thel is incapable of consciously accepting her own impermanence, an understanding that would provide insight into what Lussier terms "the splendors of a complementary, undifferentiated existence" (55). As many commentators have pointed out, an acceptance of impermanence as an existential condition common to all things is also a major facet of Buddhist thought, one that implies a need for the individual ego to free itself from a grasping mentality that would seek to escape or avoid such a realization. D. T. Suzuki sums up this stance succinctly: "we are all finite, we cannot live out of time and space . . . salvation must be sought in the finite itself . . . if you seek the transcendental, that will cut you off from this world of relativity, which is the same thing as annihilation of yourself" (14).

    9. Blake consistently presents "self-annihilation" an ethical imperative that permits a fundamental re-visioning of nature.  However, as Kevin Hutchings points out, such "annihilation" is not synonymous with the human subject's complete loss of identity due to its absorption into nature as an "outside," as may be erroneously inferred from Lussier's notion of "undifferentiated existence." On the contrary, in Blake's schema, the atomistic Cartesian subject is "annihilated" not by being absorbed into nature, but instead is transformed via a radical expansion outward so that it comes to be perceived as encompassing both humanity and nature within a higher "Human" identity. I would argue that what could be termed Blake's monistic "higher humanism" is something that distinguishes his art from both Zen Buddhist thought and from deep ecology. However, Blake's emphasis on phenomenological experience as a gateway to realizing this higher state of unity is something that also connects his thought with these approaches, as scholars such as John G. Rudy have noted. In poems such as Milton, self-annihilation is not merely arrived at via abstract contemplation, but is experienced as an ecstatic, embodied expansion of the self outward in moments of intense inspiration. What critic Michel Haar says of Rilke's attempt to explore the "'unheard of center' or 'pure space' of the heart of the world that is no longer subject or object" (130) seems equally descriptive of Blake's project. Haar asserts that when Rilke says "The birds fly through us" he "does not mean our consciousness represents the flight of the birds; not only do we experience their very flight in our body, but it happens through our body in a sense that is not simply a matter of perception but a fit of passion, of an ecstatic outburst , of 'sympathy,' of a fluttering of wings that quivers through and beyond us in a space that gathers and envelops us" (Haar 126).  Such ecstatic "sympathy" enables Blake to experience (via his imagination) the being of other animals and to assert that they have the ability to "signify" through and beyond the scope of language. A vivid instance of this occurs in Milton's famous lark song passage:

      The Lark sitting upon his earthly bed: just as the morn
      Appears; listens silent; then springing from the waving Corn-field! loud
      He leads the Choir of Day! trill, trill, trill, trill,
      Mounting upon the wings of light into the Great Expanse:
      Reechoing against the lovely blue & shining heavenly Shell.
      His little throat labours with inspiration; everyfeather
      On throat & breast & wings vibrates with the effluence Divine
      All Nature listens silent to him & the awful Sun
      Stands still upon the Mountain looking on this little Bird
      With eyes of soft humility, & wonder love & awe (II, 31:29-38)

      Inspired, the lark's song moves its whole being, makes it quake with "Divine effluence"; its whole body "vibrates" with inspiration, just as the poem resonates with a sound but half its own. The poet, like the bird, "labours" to give voice to this "ecstatic outburst" whereby the reader may experience something of the bird's vibrant trace: "the bird flies through us" when our bodies resonate with the text, or when we experience the lark's song first hand. The lark signifies as an emergent phenomenon at the juncture of bird, text, song and consciousness, so that its voice becomes indistinguishable from the poet's. Such identification, whereby the bird is no longer just a bird, nor the text just a vehicle for representation, would be quite impossible from a dualistic perspective. Similarly, Rudy interprets the lines "How do you know but ev'ry Bird that cuts the airy way,/ Is an immense world of delight, clos'd by your senses five" in Blake's "Marriage of Heaven and Hell" as "draw[ing] the reader meditatively into the prior oneness of text and bird, of text and world, as the emergent base of all reading" (102). Rudy notes that the question "How do you arrive at the knowledge of immensity suggested in the phrase 'immense world of delight'" meditatively leads the reader towards the insight that "the bird is not simply a representation of delight. It is the realm of delight itself, requiring not simply knowledge about but knowledge as that which is under the pen" (104). What we see in Blake's poetics that is common to both Zen and deep ecology is, therefore, an emphasis on action as a form of knowledge that compliments discourse, "a shift from saying to doing" (100).

    10. And yet, is Blake's romantic identification enough to provide us with a blueprint for subjectivity that moves beyond anthropocentrism to cultivate an ethos of alterity?  Given Blake's monistic position, his belief that all things are part of a higher Human (with a capital H) identity, one might question in what sense his poetry permits the thinking nature's alterity as true "otherness." It seems to me that Blake's thought is incompatible with deep ecology's desire to recognize nature's "inherent value" if by this we mean the ability to acknowledge nature's worth beyond any human "awareness, interest or appreciation" of it. Indeed, Blake's thinking does not break with humanism's tendency to see in man "the measure of all things"—why else would his figure of ultimate unification (Albion) bear a human form?  From an ecological perspective, Blake's monistic equation of nature with Human imagination poses potential difficulties. For example, what about the need to protect species or landscapes with which we humans have difficulty identifying (perhaps why there aren't more "save the leech or swamp" campaigns)?  Likewise, as aforementioned, too much human identification with a species can also lead to destructive ecological practices. Still more problematic is the potential to justify continuing radical alteration of the environment based on the principle of identity. In The Machine in the Garden, Leo Marx explores how the pastoral ideal guiding western cultivation of so-called "barren" wilderness is underwritten by the notion that all human arts (including technology) are a product of nature, that nature evolved our tool wielding species to permit its own transformation. In the humanities, the equivalent of this thinking is reflected in assertions that without art, nature would not signify—in Heideggerian terms, that nature requires the "clearings" of human language so that the "truth" of its being may shine forth. The common theme here is, to quote Blake, "where man is not, nature is barren." Yet deep ecology seeks to balance "wide identification" with an ability to recognize that nature (even without humans) constitutes a richly diverse panorama of life, much of which evolved long before humans arrived on the scene. Is there a way to balance identification with an acknowledgment that this domain has inherent value, a right to exist apart from us?           

    11. In order to create room for thinking the truth of inherent value, deep ecology draws upon both post-Romantic Western thought and insights from Eastern philosophy, most notably from the late work of philosopher Martin Heidegger and from Zen Buddhism. As Bill Devall and George Sessions note in Deep Ecology: Living as if Nature Mattered, Heidegger "made three contributions to the deep, long-range ecology literature," namely: his critique of Western philosophy's development after Plato (which "paved the way for the technocratic mentality that espouses domination over Nature"), his characterization of Thinking as something "closer to the Taoist process of contemplation than to Western analytical thinking," and finally, an ethos that urges modern culture to develop ways of "dwell[ing] authentically on this Earth" via increased alertness to one's bioregion and to natural processes (98). Despite these potentially useful ideas, however, it must be acknowledged that Heidegger not only remains a controversial figure due to his allegiances with Nazi politics, but also a problematic thinker even from an ecological perspective. For example, in Of Spirit: Heidegger and the Question, Jacques Derrida notes that Heidegger's characterization of animals as "world poor" in comparison to human beings constitutes a "discourse on privation [that] cannot avoid a certain anthropocentric or even humanist teleology" (55). In "Eating Well," Derrida even claims that Heidegger's theory of animal privation belies a "sacrificial structure" (113) that underwrites western culture's putting to death (in a non-criminal manner) of not only animals but also groups of de-humanized people. While I do not endorse Derrida's conclusion that Heidegger's desire to deny humanity's kinship with animals implies that human beings do not "have a responsibility to the living in general" (112), it is important to acknowledge potentially destructive components in Heidegger's thinking which tend to essentialize both human and animal identity alike. Philosophers sympathetic to deep ecology would do well to interrogate such flaws in Heidegger's critique of humanism, as Michael Zimmerman has in recent years.

    12. Nevertheless, in spite of the many shortcomings in Heidegger's work (and life), his thought does inaugurate, in a unique manner, a way towards thinking the underlying complimentarity of "wide identification" and "inherent value" which is critical to the deep ecological platform. For the sake of brevity, I will focus on the evolving relationship of "poiesis" to physis in Heidegger's work as an indication that nature's "presence" or truth may not ultimately require human artifice to be revealed.  I will focus on "The Origin of the Work of Art" (1935) and "The Thing" (1950) as texts that reflect, in Zimmerman's words, a turning away from an earlier anthropocentrism in Heidegger's thought when the philosopher concluded that "he could no longer conceive of being in terms of human understanding, but instead had to conceive of human understanding as an aspect of being itself" ("Heidegger" 247). That is, Heidegger's late philosophy regarding the mutually "appropriating mirror-play" ("The Thing" 179) of the fourfold (earth, sky, mortals and the divine) suggests that the "physis" (self-revealing event) of natural entities constitutes a form of value ("intrinsic value") that cannot be reduced to the clearings afforded by western poiesis (human facilitated modes of revealing), such as art and technology. Heidegger's eventual turn away from formal philosophy is sometimes attributed to his interest in poets writing in the Romantic tradition, such as Hölderlin and Rilke. Certainly in essays like "As When On a Holiday…" (1939) we can see the influence of romantic identification with nature at work. Here, Heidegger develops his hermeneutics of resonance, whereby the poet responds to the "call" of nature by creating linguistic "clearings" through which the truth of its "holy chaos" (82) can be simultaneously revealed and concealed, or perhaps more to the point, revealed in its concealment. But beyond the identification that permits the poet to respond to nature's sublimity, there is also a play in this essay between nature's presence and absence, a revealing and concealing flux that is not evident (or possible) in Blake's monistic ethos. Is there another tradition that Heidegger brings into play that enables insight into an irreducible nothingness that is ever at work in nature's revealing?  Many scholars have pointed to the influence of Eastern thought—and particularly Buddhism and Taoism—on the development of Heidegger's late work. The philosopher was already referencing Eastern thought in his lectures during the 1930's, worked with a Chinese scholar to translate Lao-tzu in 1946, and, upon reading D.T. Suzuki's Zen Buddhism in the 1950's, remarked "[i]f I understand this man correctly, this is what I have been trying to say in all my writings" (quoted in Suzuki  xi). As Zimmerman asserts in "Heidegger, Buddhism and deep ecology," there is much to suggest that Zen thinking enabled Heidegger's late philosophy of dwelling to go beyond anthropocentric identification in order to explore how all things (man-made and natural entities) are at once absent and present, gathering the world into presence by virtue of their emptiness.

    13. This shift is perhaps most evident in the different treatment of the relationship between art and nature in "The Origin of the Work of Art"(1935) and in "The Thing"(1950). In the "Origin" essay, Heidegger discusses the way a Greek temple "accomplishes" (175) the strife between earth and world necessary for the revealing of truth, and in doing so "acquire[s] the shape of destiny for human being" (167). That is, the temple both embodies occidental culture's pitting of human history (world) against an earth that is conceived of as being "ahistorical," and brings these domains into an antagonistic "belonging to one another"(174). Natural entities require the temple's work for their "truth" to come into presence, and historical world requires the earth as a foundation that grounds its unfolding destiny. Through a series of violent cuts, the temple's différance permits an otherwise invisible earth to become visible:

      Standing there, the building holds its ground against the storm raging
      above it and so first makes the storm itself manifest in its violence . . .
      The temple's firm towering makes visible the invisible space of air . . .
      Tree, grass, eagle and bull, snake and cricket first enter into their
      distinctive shapes and thus appear as what they are. The Greeks early called
      this emerging and rising in itself and in all things physis. (167-68)

      What is curious about the description of the temple's poiesis—its bringing into presence of nature—is the way in which the temple's "world" has usurped the original meaning of physis, which is an "emerging and rising in itself" [my emphasis]. That is, natural phenomena only become "visible" via the temple's enframing; by implication, earthly things cannot manifest themselves as what they truly are without the presence of human poiesis (which originally included both art and technology as forms of technē). The earth's reliance upon human enframing for its truth to appear is even more pronounced in the world of modern (as opposed to ancient) art. In his famous discussion of Van Gogh's painting of peasant shoes, Heidegger analyzes the way in which the painting reveals the truth of the shoes as equipment, which in turn reflects the truth of the peasant's "world" and, only indirectly, the earth's truth as part of the peasant's world. Indeed, the earth's status in the world revealed through this relatively modern, representational work of art is arguably even more removed than what we see in the Greek temple. This is because "earth" in the painting is subject to many layers of mediation: its traces are only indirectly apparent by considering signs of wear upon the shoes, the earth's significance for the (hypothetical) peasant woman who owns the shoes, the artist Van Gogh's interpretation of the peasant's world, the viewer's interpretation of Van Gogh's interpretations. On the one hand, Heidegger tells us that "in the shoes vibrates the silent call of the earth, its quiet gift of the ripening grain and its unexplained self-refusal in the fallow desolation of the wintry field" (159). On the other hand, we are told that the shoes are a completely de-contextualized aesthetic object: "there is nothing surrounding this pair of peasant shoes in or to which they might belong—only an undefined space.  There are not even clods of soil from the field or the field-path sticking to them, which would at least hint at their use." The question therefore arises as to how the earth can be at once present and absent in modern representational art; a paradox that can only be resolved by seeing the earth's "presence" as being entirely contingent upon the viewer's apprehension of its role in the peasant's experience of world: "on the leather lie the dampness and richness of the soil. Under the soles stretches the loneliness of the field-path as evening falls." The earth's physis as a mode of self-revealing is, therefore, particularly inaccessible within the alethias (clearings) afforded by Van Gogh's painting. Although a trace of the earth's materiality is evident in the ancient temple's marble and in the natural environment which surrounds it, nature's physis is completely subsumed in the painting by the shoes' utility, the peasant woman's world, and the decontextualized nature of the art object itself.

    14. By 1954, however, physis makes a remarkable comeback in "The Question Concerning Technology." There, Heidegger claims that not only art, but physis itself is a form of poiesis ("bringing forth"): "physis is indeed poiēsis in the highest sense," as evident in the "bursting of a blossom into bloom, in itself"(10). Rather than pitting technology's poiesis against earth's physis in an effort to alter the latter, Heidegger suggests that technology should ideally allow the earth's own presence to "be" instead of transforming nature into a gigantic "standing reserve"(17) of energy. What can account for the dramatic shift in physis's status in this late work? I believe a careful study of "The Thing," a text written four years before "The Question Concerning Technology," suggests that concepts derived from Eastern traditions may well have influenced this change in Heidegger's thought. In this text, there is an attempt to re-think the value of physis, of learning to respect what is inherent in nature—what Zen philosophy might refer to as nature's "suchness." Such thinking would see humanity's identification with nature as a first (not final) step towards granting natural entities the right to "just be" (inherent value). Paradoxically, deep identification entails granting non-human things a certain distance from humanity's modes of being, while also acknowledging that all things are "appropriated" within the fourfold "thinging" of earth, sky, mortals, and the divine. The former creates a space for thinking how the physis of natural entities constitutes a mode of poiesis, while the latter (in a suggestive parallel with Buddhist thought) implies that all things have "presence" by virtue of an underlying absence (emptiness).

    15. As in "The Question Concerning Technology" essay, "The Thing" begins with a discussion of the many ways in which contemporary technology appears to have virtually eliminated "distances in time and space" (165). That is, circa 1950, air travel, telecommunications, film, and other technologies seem to have "abolish[ed] every possibility" of temporal or spatial "remoteness" as great distances can be overcome with a speed that is historically unprecedented (an abolition that is even more pronounced in the 21st Century internet era). Yet, Heidegger argues that in spite of this "conquest of distances" there is a "terrifying" sense in which we remain remote from the nature of things: "the nearness of things remains absent" (166). In the course of the essay, it becomes clear that "things" include both man-made and natural entities, the phenomena that constitute "being" as a whole. Heidegger suggests that the "thingness of things" (167) remains remote from us as long as we conceive of things as objects:  "the thingly character of the thing does not consist in its being a represented object, nor can it be defined in any way in terms of objectness, the over-againstness, of the object." That is, the essence of thing-ness does not appear in "objective" scientific accounts of an entity's physical composition, or in modes of enframing which equate things merely with their utility as man-made products. Nor do we gain insight into the nature of things by dividing the world between "objects" represented within the subject's consciousness versus things-in-themselves (Kant's account): "'Thing-in-itself,' thought in a rigorously Kantian way, means an object that is no object for us, because it is supposed to stand, stay put, without a possible before: for the human representational act that encounters it" (177). Instead of seeing things as static objects that are "represented" within human consciousness, Heidegger proposes that we contemplate all things as instances of "gathering"—as clearings that enable a bringing together of four modes of being—earth, sky, mortals (human beings), and the divine—that mutually appropriate (179) each other. A thing's thing-ness therefore consists in its "bringing near" (178) the fourfold in a way that "sets each of the four free into its own, [yet] binds these free ones into the simplicity of their essential being toward one another" (179). For example, a jug "things" insofar as it holds the "gift" of wine, and thereby gathers the sky's water, the earth's grape, humanity's production of wine, and the presence of gods when wine is used in religious ceremonies (libation). Such gatherings constitute the thingness of things, something not only true of the products of human poiesis, but also of the physis of natural entities:

      Inconspicuously compliant is the thing: the jug and the bench, the footbridge and the plow. But tree and pond, too, brook and hill, are things, each in its own way. Things, each thinging from time to time in its own way, are heron and roe, deer horse and bull. Things, each thinging and each staying in its own way, are mirror and clasp, book and picture, crown and cross. (182)

      Two things are striking regarding this penultimate passage in "The Thing." First, there is an acknowledgement here that poiesis is not the only means whereby things come into "presence"; rather, all things do this insofar as they gather the fourfold, "each in [their] own way." A tree, for example, can also be said to "gather" the fourfold insofar as it is nourished by the earth's soil, and the sky's light can be affected by human care and perceived as a symbol of divine creation. Unlike what we see in the "Origin of Art" essay, Heidegger insists here that things do not appear as things "by meansof human making," but neither, he insists, do they appear "without the vigilance of mortals" (181). From a human perspective, things do not appear in their thing-ness unless we reconsider what it means to "dwell" more responsively in a world where we are always already part of a larger "dance of appropria[tion]" (180) over which we cannot exert ultimate control.  In acknowledging that all things gather the world, "each in [their] own way," Heidegger's thought inaugurates a way towards understanding natural entities' "inherent value" and challenges human beings to find ways to honor this value in their own poiesis (technological or artistic clearings).

    16. How did Heidegger arrive at such a different perspective on the relationship between physis and poeisis in his later work?  Scholars such as Reinhard May and Michael Zimmerman have suggested that Heidegger's encounters with Eastern thought—particularly his interest in Buddhism and Taoism—may well have influenced this shift. A crucial step toward acknowledging humanity's appropriation within the fourfold lies in recognizing a deeper relationship between emptiness and form than has traditionally been available in post-Platonic Western philosophy—a relationship convincingly elaborated within Eastern traditions. As Zimmerman argues, both Heidegger and Mahayana Buddhism acknowledge "humans can learn to 'let things be' only by gaining insight into the nothingness that pervades all things" ("Heidegger" 240). In Mahayana Buddhism, nothingness connotes the "emptiness" and impermanence of all things, yet is not synonymous with formless, chaotic negativity. Rather, the Sanksrit word for nothingness, "sunyata," is derived from a term meaning "to swell" (quoted in "Heidegger"  252), suggesting that emptiness can be conceived of  as a "clearing" or openness that constitutes a generative space in which things appear. It is no accident that Heidegger chooses a jug as the focus of his discussion in "The Thing." A jug is an ideal focus for critiquing of our understanding of things as solid, discreet objects, rather than "clearings" which gather the world.  The jug's "thing-ness" is not to be understood as synonymous with its material composition, but is instead suggested by its "holding" (or gathering) nature:

      When we fill the jug, the pouring that fills it flows into the empty jug. The emptiness, the void, is what does the vessel's holding. The empty space, this nothing of the jug, is what the jug is as the holding vessel . . . [t]he vessel's thingness does not lie at all in the material of which it consists, but in the void that holds. (169)

      In contrast to the Greek temple in the "Origin" essay, whose columns make the air visible, it is the emptiness of the jug, not its form, that constitutes its thingness. In Taoist fashion, the jug is a clearing through which the fourfold comes to presence, as it gathers together the earth's soil and the sky's rain in wine that mortals pour in libation to the gods. Indeed, as Reinhard May illustrates in Heidegger's Hidden Sources, "The Thing's" discussion of the jug remarkably parallels Chapt. 11 of Lao Tzu's exploration of how "[t]he work of pitchers consists in their nothingness" (30). Similarly, Zimmerman discusses suggestive parallels between Heidegger's characterization of the fourfold's mutually appropriating "mirror-play" and insight regarding the universe's luminosity in Mahayana Buddhism. In the most famous expression of this insight, the universe is conceived as the jewel net of the god Indra.  All things are analogous to "perfect gems" within this net (or network), and their reflective light is simultaneously produced by all the gems collectively, "no one of which stands in a 'superior' or 'causal' relation to the others" ("Heidegger" 253). Zimmerman argues that "Heidegger's account of the dance of earth and sky, gods and mortals, the dance in which things manifest themselves in the event of mutual appropriation, bears remarkable similarities to the Buddhist account of the moment-by-moment coproduction of self-luminous phenomena" (257).  

    17. Critics steeped within a Western tradition that posits the human individual's dignity and "inherent value" might find the suggestion that all things (human and otherwise) are "empty" has troubling implications if applied to political subjectivity, fearing that an emptying of selves is often a prerequisite of totalitarian political regimes or can lead to too intense an identification with the "objective" domain. For example, Brian Victoria's Zen War Stories makes a compelling case for a link between the Zen concept of "selflessness" and Japanese militarism during World War II, and Karla Poewe's New Religions and the Nazis similarly links the German Faith movement, militarism and Indo-Aryan religious doctrine, particularly Jakob Hauer's interpretation of Hindu texts such as the Bhagavad Gita.  Poewe claims that Hauer's efforts to forge a new Indo-Aryan religion with a fatalistic warrior code "anticipated justification of the deeds committed by the Nazi regime" (79). Such work, as with critiques of radical elements within the deep ecology movement, usefully analyzes potential effects of state-sanctioned religious ideology, instead of maintaining that religious discourse necessarily "transcends" politics. As convincing as such studies are as explorations of how Eastern thought has been appropriated by totalitarian regimes, it is problematic to conclude that Buddhist and/or Hindu thought is essentially nationalistic and/or totalitarian. To draw such a conclusion is to not only distort what Hirata Seikō describes as "the absolute rejection of war in ancient Indian Buddhism" (4), but also to deny that any set of ideas is subject to variable interpretation or, more rigorously, (re-) construction over time.  As is well known, when Chinese scholars translated Indian Hinayanan and Mahayanan texts, they interpreted Buddhism within the framework of existing Taoist thought, resulting in "Cha'an" Buddhism; likewise, Japanese monks reinterpreted these texts to form Zen Buddhism. Any western interpreter of Buddhism brings to the table certain cultural and/or ideological lenses through which he or she constructs interpretations of this thought. Concepts such as "emptiness" are therefore not only subject to ideological appropriation (in both a positive and negative sense), but also to unintended distortion. As John Rudy and other interpreters of Zen Buddhism have pointed out, a western, dualistic tradition that divides the world between subjects and objects can contribute to misinterpretation of the concept of emptiness. In Romanticism and Zen Buddhism, Rudy points out that:

      For Zen Buddhists, engaging [a] spiritual ground [inclusive yet prior to subject-object dualities] follows patterns of meditative emptying by which individuals relinquish the compulsion either to assert independence through radical emphases on difference or to establish unity through variant modes of bridged togetherness. The result is neither subjective nor objective. It is, rather, an opening process that reveals how each thing in nature is both an autonomous unit of codependent activity and a holistic manifestation of ultimate reality. (xiii)

      Rather than underwriting identification with "objective" or state-sanctioned structures (totalitarian or otherwise), emptiness as Rudy interprets it suggests an alternative to both subjective individualism and objective obedience to collectives. Indeed, it is such alternatives to dualistic accounts of human subjectivity vis-à-vis the rest of the living world that appealed not only to Heidegger in the later stages of his philosophy, but also continues to appeal to deep ecologists. As "The Thing" makes clear, insight into the self's "appropriation" within the world's mirror play does not entail a collapsing of any one dimension of the fourfold into the others.  Human beings still retain a unique manner of "gathering" the world in relation to other beings: "men alone, as mortals, by dwelling attain to the world as world" (182)—that is, human beings alone can self-consciously choose the mode of their dwelling and experience the world as one of many possible worlds. Nonetheless, other non-human beings also participate in the fourfold, "each in its own way," and this diversity implies the inherent value of each unique mode of gathering. The metaphor of "mirror-play" enables Heidegger to suggest a deep identification between human and non-human actors in the "dance" of creation, yet this mirroring never stabilizes into a form of monistic holism. I would suggest that this is because, unlike his Romantic predecessors such as William Blake, Heidegger ultimately resists equating "nature" with a higher Human identity, such as the Imagination. Instead, the philosopher, like deep ecologists influenced by his thought, challenges us to think of identification and inherent worth as a productive "coincidence of opposites" (in Dennis McCort's parlance), the kind of paradoxical truth embraced by Buddhist and Toaist traditions. If we re-conceive the identity of all things as at once unique (having inherent value) and empty (inescapably appropriated by other beings), a truly non-anthropocentric understanding of nature becomes possible. Paradoxically, only by learning to "identify" with the emptiness of all things while retaining a sense of our distinctive perspective may we eventually find it in ourselves to allow mountains to be mountains and waters to be waters.


    Works Cited

    Blake, William. The Complete Poetry & Prose of William Blake. Ed. David V. Erdman. New York: Doubleday, 1988.

    Derrida, Jacques. "'Eating Well,' or the Calculation of the Subject: An Interview with Jacques Derrida." Trans. Peter Connor and Avital Ronell. WhoComes After the Subject? Ed. Eduardo Cadava et al. New York: Routledge, 1991.

    ---. Of Spirit: Heidegger and the Question. Trans. Geoffrey Bennington and Rachel Bowlby. Chicago: U of Chicago Press,  1989.

    Devall, Bill and George Sessions. Deep Ecology: Living as if Nature Mattered. Salt Lake City: Gibbs M. Smith, 1985.

    Ferry, Luc. The New Ecological Order. Trans. Carol Volk. Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1995.

    Glasser, Harold. "Demystifying the Critiques of Deep Ecology." EnvironmentalPhilosophy:  From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology. 2nd Ed. New Jersey:  Prentice Hall, 1998. 212-226.

    Haar, Michel. The Song of the Earth: Heidegger and the Grounds of the Historyof Being. Trans. Reginald Lilly. Bloomington: IU Press, 1993.

    Heidegger, Martin. "As When On a Holiday. . . ." Elucidations of Hölderlin's Poetry. Trans. Keith Hoeller. New York: Humanity Books,  2000.  

    ---. "The Origin of the Work of Art." Basic Writings. Ed. David Farell Krell. San Francisco: Harper, 1993. 139-212. 67-99.

    ---. "The Question Concerning Technology." The Question Concerning Technology andOther Essays. Trans. William Lovitt. New York: Harper & Row, 1977. 3-35.

    ---. "The Thing." Poetry, Language, Thought. Trans. Albert Hofstadter. New York: Harper, 1971. 165-186.

    Hutchings, Kevin. Imagining Nature: Blake's Environmental Poetics. Montreal: McGill-Queen's UP, 2002.

    Lussier, Mark. "Blake's Deep Ecology, or the Ethos of Otherness." Romantic Dynamics: ThePoetics of Physicality. New York: St. Martin's, 2000. 47-63.

    Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal inAmerica. New York: Oxford UP, 1964.

    May, Reinhard. Heidegger's Hidden Sources: East Asian influences on his work. Trans. Graham Parkes. New York: Routledge,  1996.

    McCort, Dennis. Going beyond the Pairs: The Coincidence of Opposites in GermanRomanticism, Zen and Deconstruction. Albany: SUNY Press,  2001.

    McKibben, Bill. The End of Nature. New York: Doubleday, 1999.

    Naess, Arne. "The Deep Ecological Movement: Some Philosophical Aspects." Environmental Philosophy. 2nd Ed. 193-211.

    Poewe, Karla. New Religions and the Nazis. London: Routledge, 2006.

    Rudy, John G. Romanticism and Zen Buddhism. New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 2004.

    Seikō, Hirata. "Zen Buddhist Attitudes to War." Trans. Thomas Kirchner. Rude Awakenings:Zen, the Kyoto School, & the Question of Nationalism. Eds. James W. Heisig and John C. Maraldo. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994.

    Serres, Michel. The Natural Contract. Trans. Elizabeth MacArthur and William Paulson. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 1998.

    Sheng-yu Lai, Robert. "Blake and Zen Buddhism: A Study of the Uses of Orthodox Religion." Tamkang Review 18.4 (1987): 351-369.

    Suzuki, D.T. Zen Buddhism: Selected Writings of D. T. Suzuki. Ed. William Barrett. New York: Doubleday, 1996.

    Victoria, Brian Daizen. Zen War Stories. New York: Routledge Curzon, 2003.

    Wolfe, Cary. "Old Orders for New: Ecology, Animal Rights and the Poverty of Humanism." Animal Rites: American Culture, the Discourse of Species, and Posthumanist Theory. Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 2003. 21-43.

    Zimmerman, Michael.  "Ecofascism: An Enduring Temptation." Environmental Philosophy:From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology. 4th ed. New Jersey:  Prentice Hall,  1998. 390-408.

    ---. "Heidegger, Buddhism and Deep Ecology." The Cambridge Companion toHeidegger. Ed. Charles Guignon. New York: Cambridge UP, 1993. 240-269.

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