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          Financing the frontier: Risk, reward, and reality in Africa’s fragile states      Cache   Translate Page      
Like most bankers, Patrick Kiiru did not imagine Congolese refugees as his ideal clients, seen by most as simply hungry, homeless, and transient. But after three days with FSD Africa in Gihembe Refugee Settlement—a bumpy one-hour journey north of Rwanda’s capital Kigali—the head of diaspora banking at Kenya’s Equity Bank Group began to change his…
          Design, Monitoring and Evaluation Manager      Cache   Translate Page      
World Vision International (Rwanda) is a child-focused Christian humanitarian organization implementing development programs in 24 Districts of Rwanda. World Vision Rwanda seeks to hire a highly qualified, dedicated and experienced national for the position of Design, Monitoring and Evaluation Manager. The position will be based in the Head Office and reporting to the Strategy and Programme Effectiveness Director. Purpose of …
          Executive Secretary and Administration Assistant – 1 Post      Cache   Translate Page      
HEworks Rwanda Silk Ltd is a private limited company located in Kigali Special Economic Zone (KSEZ), Kigali City. The company operates a sericulture business by promoting mulberry plantation, producing silkworm eggs and cocoons, purchasing all the cocoons produced in Rwanda, and processing them into raw silk and silk fabrics mainly to export to the international …
          Commonwealth Day (11 Mar 2019)      Cache   Translate Page      
Chris Elmore: The Minister is absolutely right to make a statement today, and I wish everyone a very happy Commonwealth Day. As part of our work in the Commonwealth, it is important to be a critical friend. I was privileged to visit Rwanda last November with the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association, and it is quite wonderful to see the progress that the country has made over the last 25 years,...
          U.S. Army captain, brothers, a law student, international aid workers among the 157 killed in an Ethiopian Airlines crash      Cache   Translate Page      

Katelyn Parra Photography(NEW YORK) --  Making the world a "better place" was how heartbroken family members remembers loved once who were among the 157 people aboard the Ethiopian Airlines flight that crashed just minutes after takeoff on Sunday morning.

No one survived the horrific crash that claimed the lives of a decorated U.S. Army captain, brothers on vacation, a law school student and dozens of international aid workers.

Thirty-five countries from all over the world lost citizens in the deadly incident — 32 Kenyans were the majority of lives lost.

At least eight U.S. citizens were among the victims. The U.S. Embassy in Ethiopia and the U.S. Department of State haven't released their identities, but ABC News has confirmed the names of four.

Antoine Lewis, 39, of Matteson, Illinois, was a U.S. Army captain stationed in Ottawa, Canada, who served in Afghanistan. He was on vacation in Ethiopia doing Christian missionary work, according to his parents. They said Lewis equally valued the country he fought for and the home of his ancestors.

"That’s what he died doing," his mother, Antoinette Lewis, told ABC Chicago station WLS-TV in a recent interview. "His passion was just to make a better world, make a better place, both here and our mother country."

Lewis leaves behind a wife and a 15-year-old son.

"I’m still in disbelief," his wife said in a statement obtained by ABC News. "I feel it's a dream [I'm still] awaiting his call to tell me he has safely touched down."

"Antoine was so loving," she added. "He was always interested in learning new things, forever on a journey becoming a better version of himself each day. He was so smart and just wanted to share his wealth of knowledge with those who’d listen."

Ike and Susan Riffel of Redding, California, lost their only children in the crash, Bennett and Melvin Riffel. The brothers were on vacation traveling to a few different countries as part of an adventure ahead of the birth of Melvin's first child, according to the family.

Melvin and his wife, Britney, were expecting a baby girl in May.

"We appreciate the outpouring of love and support from the community," a spokesperson for the Riffel family told ABC Redding affiliate KRCR in a statement. "We ask for continued prayers."

IQAir, a Switzerland-based company that specializes in improving indoor air quality, confirmed that one of its employees, Matt Vecere, was aboard the doomed flight. Vecere grew up in Sea Isle City, New Jersey, and later moved to California.

"Matt was an amazing writer, an avid surfer, and a truly selfless person," IQAir said in a statement. "He was most at home helping others, as evidenced by his dedication to the people of Haiti following the devastating earthquake in 2010."

"We will miss his laugh, his wit, his sense of humor, but most of all, the kinship and friendship that he brought to everything he did," the company added.

Ethiopian Airlines identified the pilot of the ill-fated plane as Yared Mulugeta Gatechew, who had more than 8,000 flight hours. The co-pilot was Ahmed Nur Mohammod Nur, who had over 200 flight hours.

The United Nations said at least 21 of its employees were among those killed in Sunday's crash.

The staffers hailed from around the globe and worked for various U.N. agencies, which regularly made trips to Kenya by way of Ethiopia to visit Africa's United Nations Office headquarters, located in Nairobi. Many were traveling to attend a five-day assembly of the United Nations Environment Programme.

The World Food Programme (WFP), the food-assistance branch of the United Nations, released the names of seven team members who died: Ekta Adhikari, 26, of Nepa; Maria Pilar Buzzetti, 30, of Italy; Virginia Chimenti, 26, of Italy; Harina Hafitz, 59, of Indonesia; Zhen-Zhen Huang, 46, of China; Michael Ryan, 39, of Ireland; and Djordje Vdovic, 53, of Serbia.

"As we mourn, let us reflect that each of these WFP colleagues were willing to travel and work far from their homes and loved ones to help make the world a better place to live," the WFP's Executive Director David Beasley said in a statement. "That was their calling, as it is for the rest of the WFP family."

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees named three colleagues who also died: Nadia Ali, 40, of Sudan; Jessica Hyba, 43, of Canada; and Jackson Musoni, 31, of Rwanda.

"We’ve been struck by sudden and terrible loss," U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, said in a statement. "We are doing everything we can to help Nadia’s, Jessica’s and Jackson’s families at this most difficult and painful time."

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) said it lost a program officer in the gender and safeguards unit, Victor Shangai Tsang, of Hong Kong, China.

"Victor took up this position with vigor and enthusiasm, striving to make our projects fully gender-sensitive," UNEP said in a statement. "His work defined him as an individual, and he, in turn, helped define our own work."

Victor leaves behind his pregnant wife and son.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations confirmed it lost fisheries officer Joanna Toole, who was "passionate about making the world a better place."

Another victim in Sunday's plane crash was Max Thabiso Edkins, a 35-year-old dual-national of Germany and South Africa. He worked as a communications officer for the World Bank's Connect4Climate program.

"We were devastated to learn that we lost a cherished colleague in the plane crash in Ethiopia," the World Bank Group's interim president, Kristalina Georgieva, said in a statement. "Max was deeply committed to the fight against climate change and brought tremendous creativity, energy and passion to his work. Our deepest sympathies go to his family and loved ones, and to those of the other victims of this tragedy."

Cedric Asiavugwa, a third-year law student at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C, was traveling to his native Kenya to attend the funeral of his fiance's mother, according to a press release from the school.

Born and raised in Mombasa, Kenya, Asiavugwa's work on social justice issues led him from his native country to Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, before coming to Georgetown University Law Center. The 32-year-old planned to return home to Kenya after graduating to continue serving refugees and other marginalized groups.

"With his passing, the Georgetown family has lost a stellar student, a great friend to many, and a dedicated champion for social justice across East Africa and the world," the law school said in a statement.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

          Meet the Women Behind Kroger's Simple Truth Tea      Cache   Translate Page      
Kroger Celebrate's Women's History Month with New Videos from Rwanda
Multimedia with summary

There’s more to your tea than you think. Behind every cup of Simple Truth™ Tea, extraordinary women are accomplishing firsts and cultivating change.

          Adrien Guillonnet : « J'ai pris beaucoup de plaisir »      Cache   Translate Page      
Adrien Guillonnet a multiplié les échappées sur le Tour du Rwanda (2.1). Le Français d'Interpro Cycling Academy est rentré en Europe avec dans sa besace quatre places...
          Rwanda: U.S. Assistant Secretary for Africa Visits      Cache   Translate Page      
[New Times] Tibor Nagy,United States Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of African Affairs, who is on a visit to Africa, on Monday met and interacted with students from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) Africa in Kigali.
          Africa: Retail At the Center of Sustainable Wealth in Africa and Rwanda      Cache   Translate Page      
[New Times] Africa's banking, investments and asset management industry is currently dominated by private institutional players and government pension and insurance bodies. These players dominate capital flows in the financial markets.
          Kaminuza zikomeje amarushanwa yo kunoza ibarurishamibare ryoroheye abaturage #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Ikigo cy'Igihugu cy'Ibarurishamibare(NISR) buri mwaka gitegura amarushanwa agenewe abanyeshuri biga muri za Kaminuza n'amashuri makuru mu Rwanda hagamijwe ubushakashatsi mu rwego rwo kurushaho kunoza no kuvumbura uburyo bushya bw'ibarurishamibare bunogeye abaturage.

- Ibikorwa by'uburezi / Servilien Mutuyimana, Musanze
          Nyagatare: Ukwezi kwa gatatu kurarangira bwaki icitse burundu #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Mushabe David Claudian uyobora Akarere ka Nyagatare aravuga ko ukwezi kwa Werurwe kuzarangira ikibazo cya bwaki mu bana cyarangiye.

- Indwara / Nyagatare, Emmanuel Gasana Sebasaza
          Perezida Kenyatta si umuhuza w'u Rwanda na Uganda - Minisitiri Nduhungirehe #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Umunyamabanga wa Leta muri minisiteri y'Ububanyi n'Amahanga Amb. Olivier Nduhungirehe, aravuga ko abatekereje ko Perezida wa Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta yagenzwaga no guhuza u Rwanda na Uganda bibeshya kuko atari umuhuza muri kibazo hagati y'ibihugu byombi.

- Amakuru / Jean Claude Munyantore, MobileBigStory
          Amafoto 20 utabonye yo mu mwiherero #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

N'ubwo mu mwiherero haganirwa ku buzima bw'igihugu, hari izindi gahunda zitandukanye nk'imyitozo ngorora - mubiri ya buri gitondo n'ibindi bituma ibi bihe bisiga urwibutso mu mitwe ya benshi.

- KT Photo / MobileBigStory
          Mesut Ozil yakozwe ku mutima n'umwana wo muri Kenya umufana #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Umukinnyi wo hagati w'ikipe ya Arsenal, Mesut Ozil, yoherereje umwana muto umufana wo muri Kenya umwambaro wanditseho amazina ya Ozil na nimero 10 imuranga mu kibuga.

- Football / Malachie Hakizimana
          Ubuyapani bwatanze miliyoni 135Frw zo kunganira ibigo bibiri by'amashuri #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Ibigo byahawe iyo nkunga ni Collège de Bethel (APARUDE) ryo mu Ruhango na Samaritan International School ryo mu karere ka Nyagatare akazabifasha kongera inyubako zinyuranye byari bikeneye.

- Amashuri / Jean Claude Munyantore
          Rubavu: IBUKA irasaba ko ahari irimbi hagirwa urwibutso rwa Jenoside #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Abacitse ku icumu rya Jenoside bo mu karere ka Rubavu, barasaba ko irimbi rya Ruriba, riri mu karere ka Rubavu, umurenge wa Gisenyi ryagirwa urwibutso, kuko ribitse imibiri myinshi y'Abatutsi yahashyizwe mu rwego rwo kuzimanganya ibimenyetso mu gihe cyo kugerageza Jenoside.

- Kwibuka / Sylidio Sebuharara, MobileBigStory
          Ibyuma bikoreshwa basaka byaba bigira ingaruka ku buzima? #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Abahanga mu bijyanye n'ikoreshwa ry'ibyuma bisaka bishyirwa ku bibuga by'indege n'ahandi hari inzu zihurirwamo n'abantu benshi, bavuga ibitandukanye ku kuba byaba bigira ingaruka ku buzima bw'abantu cyangwa se ntazo.

- Utuntu n'utundi / Mediatrice Uwingabire
          Umukino Rayon Sports yagombaga kwakiramo mukeba Kiyovu wagizwe ikirarane #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Umukino w'umunsi w 21 wa Shampiyona Rayon Sports yagombaga kwakiramo Kiyovu, wamaze gusubikwa kubera imikino y'ikipe y'igihugu Amavubi na Cote d'Ivoire

- Football
          Abatinyaga imisoro bagitangira imishinga baroroherejwe #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Itegeko rishya rigena imisoro y'inzego z'ibanze ryemerera abatangira imishinga mito n'iciriritse yo kwiteza imbere, gusonerwa umusoro w'ipatante mu gihe cy'imyaka ibiri.

- Ubucuruzi / Jean Claude Munyantore, MobileBigStory
          Bryan Ngwabije ukina mu Bufaransa yabwiye Amavubi kumutegereza mu myaka ibiri #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Myugariro w'ikipe ya ASF Andrézieux ikina muri Shampiyona y'icyiciro cya kane mu Bufaransa aratangaza ko agitereje ko yakinira u Bufaransa, byakwangwa akabona gukinira Amavubi

- Football / Sammy Imanishimwe
          University of Global Health Equity - A New Way of Institutional Higher Education      Cache   Translate Page      

Partners In Health (PIH) has been delivering health care and social services in some of the most underserved communities in many countries for 30 years (PIH, 2019). We work closely with local governments and communities to design and deliver public health programs. Realizing the importance of the long term sustainability of these programs, PIH has established many training and research programs in collaborations with academic partners in order to build local capacity. The need to institutionalize these training programs has become obvious. Based on this premise, the University of Global Health Equity (UGHE) was founded in 2015.

UGHE represents a natural extension of PIH’s mission to strengthen health systems and change the way health care is delivered around the world. UGHE inspires to be an innovative, world-class education institution that would train global health professionals - clinicians, researchers, and public health and policy experts - into leaders and change makers.

The Master of Science in Global Health Delivery (MGHD), our flagship program at UGHE, is designed to provide a one-of-a-kind learning experience for students (UGHE, 2019). During the program, students gain a profound understanding of the realities of problem-solving and the challenges of delivering care in under-resourced settings. They also acquire the diverse skill set, complete with leadership and management training that are critical to successfully empowering teams to respond to the complex health challenges of our time. Recognizing the co-dependency between people, animals, plants, and the environment, MGHD encourages students to address health issues from a collaborative and multi-disciplinary One Health (WHO 2019) approach.

The program emphasizes on cultivating knowledge as well as fostering practical application. A key component of the MGHD program is the Practicum. Practicum provides students hands-on experience in research design, implementation, management, analysis, and results dissemination, further preparing them for their futures as global health leaders and practitioners. The practicum is designed to teach students how to understand and then address real world problems scientifically, strategically, and collaboratively using evidence-based methods that they have learned throughout the program.

UGHE is proud to showcase some examples of our students’ projects in this special issue. The papers present a set of diverse projects that demonstrate the impact our students had made in Rwanda during their tenure at UGHE. This includes improving artificial insemination success rate in cattle, assessing sharp disposal practices among people living with diabetes, identifying undiagnosed hypertension in the community and utilizing technology to reduce loss to follow ups. These projects demonstrate the feasibility of implementing meaningful interventions to generate concrete outcomes without substantial additional resources.

The papers we present in this special issue not only serve as evidence of the commitment of our faculty in education, but also the commitment of UGHE in becoming the leading education and research institute in Rwanda and in Africa. Our students are equally committed to both their learning and to the communities they serve. Since inauguration, MGHD has enrolled four cohorts of students from over 13 countries. All continue to actively engage in the University’s activities, many have joined us as faculty. Recognizing that their commitment to social justice extends beyond the time spent in the classroom, our graduates established the UGHE Alumni Association in 2017 with a mission to continue to use the skills they have acquired at UGHE to solve real-world problems. Current students also actively participate in various community services to strengthen their relationship with the people they have committed to serve, to understand the needs of the underserved, and to emerse themselves in the local culture. We are looking forward to seeing them publish more of their work and share their success stories with the global health community in the future.
          Assessing the Magnitude and Risk Factors Associated With Undiagnosed Hypertension in Rural Rwanda      Cache   Translate Page      

Individuals living with hypertension are predisposed to higher risk of stroke, kidney diseases and heart failure. Approximately 9.4 million people worldwide die from complications related to hypertension every year. Hypertension is often known as the silent killer because many people do not develop any symptoms until they get very sick. Early screening is particularly important for better treatment outcomes yet it remains a challenge in many countries. Worldwide, approximately 50% of people are living with undiagnosed hypertension. In Rwanda, the rate of undiagnosed hypertension is unknown, and so are the associated risk factors in rural communities. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted to determine the rate and risk factors of undiagnosed hypertension among adults in a rural community in Rwanda. 

The proportion of people having undiagnosed hypertension was found to be high. Out of 155 study participants, 41.9% had undiagnosed hypertension, with slightly more men having hypertension (52.3%) than women (47.7%). More than 98% of respondents either did not know or knew wrong information about hypertension, and only 3% knew they should have regular checkups with physicians. Age (p=0.027) and alcohol consumption (p=0.014) were found to be statistically significantly associated with hypertension. Smoking and exercise were not found to be risk factors as most Rwandans living in the rural areas are physically active.  Programs to promote hypertension awareness, encourage regular physical checkups, and reduce alcohol consumption are needed to improve diagnosis and control of hypertension in Rwanda. Community programs offering free regular blood pressure checks may also be helpful in identifying early hypertension. Larger scale studies of this kind should be conducted to understand whether results can be generalized to other areas of Rwanda.
          Home Disposal of Used Insulin Syringes and Needles by the Patients With Diabetic in Rwanda      Cache   Translate Page      

For many people living with diabetes, using needles to inject insulin and test blood glucose levels is a part of their everyday lives. Improper disposal of these highly contaminating sharp materials can cause injuries to people as well as pollute water sources and agricultural land.

Approximately 3.4% of the population in Rwanda lives with diabetes. There is no law specifying how these individuals should dispose of home-used syringes and lancets, and prior to this study, home disposal practices for sharp instruments including needles and lancets used for diabetes self-management were unknown.

A cross-sectional study design was used to identify the common methods used by people living with diabetes to dispose of sharps after home use. A total of 201 people living with diabetes participated in the study. Only 107 (53.3%) of them could identify the proper methods of sharp disposal and only 69 (34.3%) reported using these proper disposal methods. The top three challenges to the use of proper disposal practices reported by participants included not being informed of such practices (76, 37.8%), not having appropriate containers (66, 32.8%) and having to travel a long distance to return safety boxes containing sharp materials (47, 23.4%).

Future studies should be conducted to understand the financial feasibility of health facility provision of safe disposal boxes for patients. Education focusing on training people living with diabetes to use hard plastic bottles as an acceptable alternative to boxes is also needed. Convenient and effective mechanisms for obtaining and returning used safety boxes should be established. Larger scale studies including more patients could generate more representative data.
          A Quality Improvement Study Project to Improve Post Cesarean Section Surgical Site Infection Surveillance in a District Hospital in Kigali City      Cache   Translate Page      

Post-caesarean surgical site infection (PCSI) is one of the most common cesarean section-related complications. In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), PCSI prevalence is often under-reported and inaccurate because LMIC surveillance systems are often unable to detect PCSIs developed after discharge; this can ultimately wrongly inform the decision-making related to reducing PCSIs.

This paper describes the establishment of a post-discharge PCSI surveillance system for identification of PCSI rate in a district hospital in Rwanda.

A total of 540 women underwent CS in the hospital from November 2017 to February 2018, and 536 (99.3%) consented to participate in the surveillance. Among those consented, 22 had no telephone and 174 could not be reached by telephone despite multiple attempts. At the end of this study, a total of 340 women completed the entire surveillance period. The total PCSI rate was 11.5%.Out of all PCSIs, 21% were detected during hospitalization period and 79% were detected during the post-discharge period.

The PCSI surveillance system developed in this project covered the 30-day period after surgery and provided a more accurate estimate of PCSI rate.  The system was able to track PCSIs developed after a patient was discharged from the hospital. Long term sustainability of the project must be evaluated.
          Assessing the Effect of Sexual and Reproductive Health Training Program on the Knowledge on Safe Sex Practice of Young Adults in College      Cache   Translate Page      

Young adults and adolescents ages 18 to 24 years are often either uninformed or misinformed about sexuality and health-promoting behaviors and are more likely to exhibit risky sexual behaviors. In sub-Saharan Africa, only 19-26% of adolescents display adequate knowledge related to HIV and sexual and reproductive health.

Sexual and reproductive health education for young adults can reduce unintended pregnancies, delay sexual debut, reduce having multiple sex partners, increase pregnancy prevention practices and increase the practice of protected sex.

This study utilized a pre- and post-intervention design to assess the impact of a sex education program on young adult freshman students ages 18 to 24 years, at a government education institution in Rwanda, on knowledge related to family planning and contraception, sexually transmitted infections/HIV/AIDS, and safe and risky sex practices.

A total of 360 freshman students from the college completed the pre-intervention questionnaire and 341 completed the post-intervention questionnaire. The results showed that the overall knowledge in the sample was generally low before the intervention (67.8%) but had increased to 84.7% post-intervention (P<0.001). Many respondents thought STIs were genetic diseases, that withdrawal was a reliable birth control method, and that having multiple sexual partners or transactional sex were not risky sex practices.

Universities in Rwanda should consider incorporating sexual and reproductive education in their curriculum. The increase in knowledge, however, does not guarantee a change in the respondents’ sexual behavior. Further study is needed to assess the impact of the intervention on actual change in sexual behavior and longterm health outcome.
          Risk Factors Associated With Childhood Stunting in Rwanda: A Secondary Analysis of the 2014 Nutrition, Markets and Gender (NMG) Survey      Cache   Translate Page      

Childhood stunting can have negative health, social, and economic outcomes. In 2015, 37.9% of children under the age of five were stunted in Rwanda. This study aimed to understand the risk factors associated with stunting specific to Rwanda in order to inform effective interventions.

The analysis found higher odds of stunting among the children of mothers who had no education compared to those with secondary education (OR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.34-3.36), who did not take sufficient quantities of food during the pregnancy (OR: 1.3, 95% CI: 1.07-1.65) or did not consume a diverse diet during pregnancy (OR: 1.3, 95% CI: 1.12-1.73). Children living in households with two or more children under two years of age (OR: 2.4, 95% CI: 1.35-2.50), born with low birth weight (OR: 2.8, 95 CI: 1.67-4.27), born preterm (OR: 4.1, 95 CI: 1.96-8.70), not consuming animal proteins (OR: 1.7 CI: 1.49-2.02) and not drinking treated water (OR: 1.6, CI: 1.07-2.23) all have higher odds of developing stunting. Children living in households with low dietary diversity also had higher odds of stunting (OR: 2.2 CI: 1.23-3.88).

The results of the analysis suggested that women should be educated to modify their feeding behavior. Educating women can potentially influence their decision-making related to antenatal care (ANC) service attendance and to their own as well as their children’s nutrition needs. Appropriate birth spacing should be encouraged. Providing nutritional supplements to mothers at ANC appointments, increasing access to diverse food groups, and providing nutritional care for babies with low birth weight are potential interventions to address the issue of childhood stunting in Rwanda.
          Training on Heat Detection to Increase the Success Rate of Cattle Artificial Insemination for Girinka Beneficiaries in Huye District, Rwanda      Cache   Translate Page      

Cattle farming is important for the socio-economic development of Rwanda, representing 12% of the national gross domestic product (GDP). In general, livestock production is a primary source of income. Recognizing the importance of cattle, the Government of Rwanda introduced the Girinka program in 2006 to reduce poverty and childhood malnutrition by providing poor people with dairy cows. The sustainability of the Girinka program relies on the successful breeding of cattle. Artificial Insemination (AI) is a method that can enhance cattle reproduction, but many Girinka beneficiaries did not have the requisite knowledge to maximize the success rate of AI by tracking the estrus cycle (heat detection) of their cattle.

This project aimed to study the effect of training Girinka farmers on heat detection using the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) materials on cattle AI. A two-day training was provided to 74 Girinka cattle farmers. The cattle AI success rate and the farmers’ knowledge of heat detection were measured.

The overall knowledge of farmers on cattle estrus cycle significantly increased from 37.16% pre-intervention to 92.34% post-intervention (P=0.008). The AI success rate significantly increased from 44% pre-intervention to 58.7% post-intervention (P<0.001).

The study showed that by providing an evidence-based training to farmers on heat detection and estrus cycle in cattle could increase the success rate of AI. The same training is recommended for all Girinka beneficiaries in Rwanda. Longer term follow-up and scaling-up of the project should be considered to maximize the benefits.
          Risk Factors for Pregnancies Among Females Age 15 to 19 in Rwanda: A Secondary Data Analysis of the 2014/2015 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS)      Cache   Translate Page      

Teenage pregnancy is a significant public health problem in developing countries. Due to biological and social factors, teenagers have more negative health outcomes when pregnant. Pregnancy also causes teenagers to drop-out from school, affecting their job opportunities and long-term financial security. As the risk factors for teenage pregnancies are complex and context-specific, effective strategies to reduce teenage pregnancies must be informed by evidence.

This study analyzed the data collected by the 2014-2015 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey in Rwanda. The risk factors associated with 2768 females aged between 15-19 years in the dataset were identified using logistic regression.

The overall teenage pregnancy rate was 7.3%. Teens were more likely to have a teenage pregnancy if they were 17 years old (OR=7.04, 95%CI: 2.67 - 18.58, p<0.001), 18 years old (OR=3.78, 95%CI: 1.36 - 10.47, p=0.011), and 19 years old (OR= 3.85, 95%CI: 1.34 - 11.01, p=0.012) compared to teens under 16 years old. Those with secondary or higher education (OR=0.36, 95%CI 0.22 - 0.61, p=<0.001) were less likely to have a teenage pregnancy compared to those with primary school only. Teens had higher odds to have teenage pregnancy if they were married/in union (OR= 45.9, 95%CI: 21.34 - 98.73, P<0.001), and interestingly, if they were using contraceptive methods (OR= 68.9, 95%CI: 29.49 - 160.80, P<0.001).

Policy makers should consider programs keeping girls in schools and ensuring that teenagers have access to reproductive health information and reliable contraceptive methods at an early age. Teenage marriage should be discouraged.
          Evaluating the Effect of Using Mobile Phone Reminders on the Adherence to Children and Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes Attending Outreach Appointments      Cache   Translate Page      

Effective management of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) requires that people living with the condition attend regular clinical visits. The Rwanda Diabetes Association (RDA) asks young T1DM patients to attend quarterly outreach visits, and prior to the visits, RDA issues reminders via local radio stations. However, adherence in attending clinical appointments has remained low.

Since Rwanda has a high mobile phone penetration rate, a pilot intervention study was conducted exploring the use of mobile phone call reminders and Short Message Service (SMS) messages to increase T1DM patients’ attendance of RDA’s quarterly outreach visits. The control group was exposed to only the regular radio broadcast, while the intervention group received reminder phone calls or SMS messages 72 hours prior to their appointments in addition to the regular radio broadcast.

The attendance rate was significantly different between the 14 control patients and 35 intervention patients, with 23.3% (3/14) and 76.7% (27/35) attending visits, respectively (P=0.048).

The results suggest that using mHealth methods (phone call/SMS reminders) can be effective in improving health outcomes, improving the adherence of T1DM patients to follow-up visits with minimal added cost. The total cost was 0.37 USD per person, compared to potential 672.40 USD for each lost treatment, indicating the intervention is cost-effective in that it minimizes loss to follow up in resource-limited settings. Further research is needed to evaluate the feasibility of scaling up the pilot project and to understand whether improved attendance is sustained long-term.
          Another Mysterious Opposition Death in Rwanda      Cache   Translate Page      

Anselme Mutuyimana. 

© FDU Handout

The death of an assistant to Rwandan opposition leader Victoire Ingabire last weekend has sent a chill through those who still dare to challenge the status quo in Rwanda. Investigations by authorities into the death of Anselme Mutuyimana, who had only been released from prison six months ago, should be independent and transparent.

According to a statement from Ingabire’s party, the unregistered FDU-Inkingi, Mutuyimana’s body was found in a forest in northwestern Rwanda showing signs of strangulation. The Rwanda Investigation Bureau told Reuters that it has opened an investigation.

Mutuyimana’s death is the latest in a long line of murders, disappearances, politically motivated arrests, and unlawful detentions in Rwanda, especially of suspected government opponents, including those from the FDU-Inkingi.

Mutuyimana was first arrested in 2012 and accused of holding an illegal meeting in a bar. In January 2014, he was convicted of inciting insurrection, alongside the FDU-Inkingi’s Secretary-General, Sylvain Sibomana. Mutuyimana was released in August 2018, while Sibomana continues to serve his sentence.

Ingabire was sentenced to 15 years for inciting insurrection, after she tried to contest the 2010 presidential elections. She served six years before her release in September 2018, when President Paul Kagame pardoned more than 2,000 prisoners.

And the list continues.

In October 2018, the deputy leader of the FDU-Inkingi, Boniface Twagirimana, “disappeared” from his prison cell in Mpanga, southern Rwanda. He had been charged alongside several other party members with state security offenses, as part of a larger crackdown on free speech after elections in 2017.

And in March 2016, political activist and FDU-Inkingi member Illuminée Iragena went missing, most likely forcibly disappeared in unacknowledged government detention.

Both Iragena and Twagirimana are feared dead.  

The reality seems to be that opposing the government in Rwanda remains a dangerous undertaking.  

          Tracking Africa's Race to Space - africanews      Cache   Translate Page      
Tracking Africa's Race to Space  africanews

Two weeks ago, Rwanda became the latest African country to launch a global satelite into space, signaling the continuation of an ongoing race to space by ...

          African Tax Media Network Formed To Bolster Tax Education, Awareness - Front Page Africa      Cache   Translate Page      
African Tax Media Network Formed To Bolster Tax Education, Awareness  Front Page Africa

KIGALI, Rwanda – A network, African Tax Media Network ( ATMeN ), comprising 150 tax reporters and tax communicators in Africa has been established to ...

          Le Rwanda invite le président français Macron au 25e anniversaire du génocide      Cache   Translate Page      

Le président rwandais Paul Kagame et son homologue français Emmanuel Macron, le 23 mai 2018, à Paris. AFP/Archives ludovic MARINread more

          Combining ability for grain yield and silking of maize inbred lines derived from three open pollinated varieties released for mid altitudes of Rwanda: Comparison of Diallel and North Carolina Design II      Cache   Translate Page      

Maize (Zea mays L.) cropping systems have undergone extraordinary development in Rwanda during the past ten years, mainly due to the increase of agriculture productivity by the Crop Intensification Program (CIP). Consequently, there has been a shift from varieties from Open Pollinated Varieties (OPVs) to hybrid cultivars. The objective of this study was to estimate the general and specific combining abilities of inbred lines, developed from three OPVs released in mid-altitudes of Rwanda. Seventeen inbred lines were divided into female and male groups, and crossed using the North Carolina Design II (NCDII); while ten of them were crossed using Griffing’s Diallel Method 4 (GDM4). The resulting crosses were evaluated at Cyabayaga, Rubona and Bugarama in Rwanda from October 2015 to March 2016. Results showed that additive and non-additive effects controlled grain yield, but non-additive effects were predominant whereas additive and maternal effects predominantly controlled silking. Six inbred lines (RML0006, RML0014, RML0015, RML0018, RM0017 and RML0010) had high general combining abilities (GCAs) for grain yield and negligible GCAs for silking; whereas ten crosses had specific combining abilities (SCAs) superior to 1.5 t ha-1 for grain yield and negligible SCAs for silking. These six inbred lines will also be used to predict and form maize synthetic varieties; while the ten crosses with best SCAs will be utilised for the developing maize hybrid varieties with high yields and reduced silking time.

Key words: Additive effects, general combining ability, maternal effects, non-additive effects, specific combing ability

          Comedy yanyubakiye izina, impesha akazi, ubu noneho nanjye ntanga akazi - NKUSI Arthur (RUTURA) #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      
          U Rwanda rutegereje igisubizo cya Perezida Macron watumiwe mu Kwibuka 25 #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Minisitiri w'Ububanyi n'Amahanga n'Ubutwererane akaba n'Umuvugizi wa Guverinoma y'u Rwanda, Dr Richard Sezibera, yavuze ko u Rwanda rwatumiye Perezida w'Ubufaransa, Emmanuel Macron, mu muhango wo kwibuka ku nshuro ya 25.

- Amakuru / Oswald Niyonzima
          Musanze: Abari inyangamugayo za Gacaca barashinja abayobozi babo kubahombya #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Abahoze ari inyangamugayo z'inkiko Gacaca bo mu karere ka Musanze barataka ibihombo mu makoperative yabo batewe n'imicungire idahwitse ya bamwe mu bari bayakuriye.

- Iterambere / Ishimwe Rugira Gisele
          Amagare: Ikipe y'igihugu yerekeje muri Ethiopia muri shampiyona nyafurika #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Ikipe y'igihugu y'umukino w'amagare igizwe n'abakinnyi 14 yerekeje muri Ethiopia guhagararira u Rwanda muri shampiyona nyafurika y'umukino w'amagare izabera ahitwa Baher Dar kuva tariki ya 14 kugera tariki ya 19 Werurwe 2019.

- Amagare / KT Editorial
          Perezida Félix Tshisekedi arasura u Rwanda mu byumweru bibiri #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Perezida mushya wa Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo arasura u Rwanda ku butumire bwa Perezida Kagame, akazaba yitabiriye inama y'abayobozi bakuru b'ibigo bikomeye muri Afurika izwi nka ‘African CEOs' izatangira tariki 26 Werurwe 2019.

- Amakuru / Oswald Niyonzima, MobileBigStory
          Nyamagabe: Nyiramandwa yashyikirijwe inka yagabiwe na Kagame #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Umukecuru w'imyaka 109 y'amavuko witwa Rachel Nyiramandwa wo mu Murenge wa Gasaka mu Karere ka Nyamagabe yashyikirijwe inka aherutse kugabirwa na Perezida Paul Kagame.

- Amakuru mu Rwanda / KT Editorial, MobileBigStory, Nyamagabe
          Simply Calenders      Cache   Translate Page      
Create calendars to print in 100+ languages. Step by step calendar wizard. 70 customisable styles: Month Calendars, Year Planners, Week Planners, Birthday, Academic and Fiscal Calendars. From 1582 until 9999. Integrated Scanning & Image Editor. Predict and add Christian, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish or Islamic Events. Moon Phases. Sunrise/sunset times. Daylight Saving dates. Add own events such as birthdays and local holidays. Support for repeating events. Export to PDF, JPG, TIFF, HTML, desktop. Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Belarussian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portugese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Welsh, Cymraeg, Latin, Irish, pipilino,Amharic,Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Breton, Cherokee, Chipewyan, Chipewa, Cornish, Creole, Dagaare, Esperanto, Frisian, Fyro, Galician, Gujarati, Hawaiian, Ido, Interlingua, Kirundi,Kinyarwanda, Luganda, Malay, Marshallese, Occitan, Quechua, Sesotho,Sinhala, Swahili, Tagalog, Tswana, Uzbec, Yiddish & Zulu. In Windows XP and 2000, Arabic, Hebrew, Thai, Vietnamese, Chinese, Korean & Japanese are also available.
          Africa: Telephonic Press Briefing With Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of African Affairs, Tibor P. Nagy Jr., on Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan's Travel to Africa      Cache   Translate Page      
[State Department] Good morning to everyone from the U.S. Department of State's Africa Regional Media Hub. I'd like to welcome our participants dialing in from across the African continent and thank you all for joining the discussion. Today, we're very pleased to be joined from Kigali, Rwanda by the Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of African Affairs, Tibor Nagy.
          Ibikorwa byo gukemura imyuzure ya Nyabugogo biratangira mu mezi atatu #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Umujyi wa Kigali muri gahunda wihaye yo guhangana n'ibiza by'imvura, watangiye inyigo yo kwagura no gukora neza ruhurura ya Mpazi yakira amazi menshi ikayohereza mu mugezi wa Nyabugogo ugateza ibibazo by'imyuzure mu nkengero zawo.

- Ibungabunga / Bertrand Niwejambo
          Re: Rwanda / Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Au Rwanda      Cache   Translate Page      
I have spend a lot of time in Rwanda before. It's one of the most beautiful places in Africa. But indeed, the Rwandees are very difficult to "catch". For me they are the "oriental" of Africa. It's impossible to get info from them or you need to know them already quite some time before they are a little open for their personality. It's a pity. They are very attractive guys. Especially the Tutsi's. Unluckily i had 2 bad experiences with 2 guys i'd met there many years ago.(financially and abuse of confidence) But i am sure there are other ones.
And there are a LOT of gays. But discretely.
          God Provides and Uses our Work      Cache   Translate Page      

Rwanda continues to remain on my mind and within my heart.  Most recently the concept of establishing an IT network and learning platform for rural schools in Rwanda seems to be taking on a life of its own.  Working among many world-class technology partners and leaders creates an opportunity for me to bring those groups together to share ideas on how we might be able to impact the learning and computing capabilities for disadvantaged schools in Rwanda and throughout the world.  Creating an equal opportunity educational environment is critical to the growth of a nation which is on the rise, not only rebuilding its economic infrastructure, but advancing towards a thriving economic leader in... read more

The post God Provides and Uses our Work appeared first on 24/7 Purpose.

          Enquête sur le financement du génocide au Rwanda : les banquiers, les dollars et les armes      Cache   Translate Page      
Rwanda, l’argent du génocide (2/3). Vingt-cinq ans après les événements, « Le Monde » revient, dans une série d’articles, sur le financement des massacres qui firent un million de morts en 1994. Deuxième volet : comment les militaires rwandais ont réussi à se fournir en matériel de guerre malgré l’embargo de l’ONU.
          Nyanza: Abagore biyemeje guhwitura bagenzi babo birirwa mu tubari #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Abagize Inama y'Igihugu y'Abagore mu Karere ka Nyanza baravuga ko bagiye gukaza ingamba zo guhwitura bagenzi babo bitwara nabi rimwe na rimwe babitewe no kwirirwa mu tubari.

- Imbere mu gihugu / Ephrem Murindabigwi, Nyanza
          Isoko rusange rizatuma ibyo u Rwanda rwohereza hanze bigera kuri 85% - Ubushakashatsi #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Ubushakashatsi burerekana ko igihe amasezerano y'isoko rusange mu bihugu bya Afurika (AfCFTA) azaba atangiye gushyirwa mu bikorwa, kandi ibibazo bya politiki biri mu karere bigakemuka, azatuma u Rwanda rwongera ibyo rwohereza mu mahanga ku kigero cya 22%, bikava kuri 63% bikagera kuri 85%.

- Ubucuruzi / Oswald Niyonzima, MobileBigStory
          Igitwenge: Umuti ukomeye w'umuhangayiko (Byinshi ku kamaro ko guseka) #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Ni byiza kwishimana n'abantu mugaseka, ariko se mwari muzi ko guseka bifite akamaro gakomeye mu buzima bw'umuntu?

- Utuntu n'utundi / Mediatrice Uwingabire
          Abagore bafite uruhare runini mu kuzamura ubukungu bw'igihugu - FFRP #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Ihuriro ry'Abanyarwandakazi bari mu Nteko ishinga amategeko (FFRP) riragaragaza ko mu myaka 25 ishize, abagore bagize uruhare runini mu iterambere igihugu kigezeho.

- Iterambere / Malachie Hakizimana, Muhanga
          Waziri Biteko azitaka nchi za Maziwa Makuu Kudhibiti Raslimali Ardhi      Cache   Translate Page      
Na Issa Mtuwa Dodoma
Nchi Wanachama wa Maziwa Makuu zimetakiwa kushikamana kuunganisha nguvu katika kulinda na kusimamia matumizi ya raslimali ardhi ikiwemo madini ili kunufaisha nchi hizo. 

Hayo yamesemwa na Waziri wa Madini Doto Biteko wakati akifungua mkutano wa Kimataifa    wa nchi Wanachama wa Maziwa Makuu (International Conference on the Great Lakes Region - ICGLR) unaofanyika kwa siku mbili kuanzia tarehe 11-12 Machi 2019 katika Hotel ya Morena jijini Dodoma.  

Biteko amezitaka nchi hizo kuunganisha nguvu ya pamoja katika kudhibiti raslimali ardhi ikiwemo madini na kujiwekea utaratibu utakao dhibiti shughuli za uzalishaji na biashara ya madini ili raslimali hizo zinufaishe mataifa yao na zisitumike vibaya. 

“Unganisheni nguvu kwa pamoja, wekeni utaratibu utakao wafanya nchi wanachama kunufaika na raslimali ardhi/madini. Jitahidini kuhakikisha raslimali hizo hazitumiki vibaya kama ilivyo kubaliwa kwenye itifaki, hivyo lazima kuwe na utaratibu na sheria kwa kila nchi namna ya kudhibiti uzalishaji na biashara ya madini,” amesema Biteko. 

Naye, Mtaalam kutoka Wizara ya Madini, Mhandisi Assah Mwakilembe amesema Mkutano huo unalenga kujadili na kupitia mfumo wa udhibitisho wa mnyororo wa madini kwa lengo la kudhibiti uzalishaji na biashara ya madini katika nchi za maziwa makuu kufuatia kuwepo tetesi zilizo kuwa zinahusisha raslimali ardhi (Madini) na ufadhili wa vita katika nchi za aaziwa makuu. (Region Certification Manual) 

Akizungumza mara baada ya kuwasilisha mada kuhusu marekebisho ya Sheria Madini ya Mwaka 2017 Mkurugenzi wa Idara ya Sheria kutoka Wizara ya Madini, Edwin Igenge amesema kwa upande wa Tanzania, imetekeleza itifaki ya pamoja ya nchi wanachama wa Maziwa Makuu kama ilivyo kubaliwa. 

Ameongeza kuwa, utekelezaji wa itifaki kwa Tanzania ni pamoja na marekebisho ya sheria ya Madini ya Mwaka 2017 yaliyopelekea kuundwa kwa Tume ya Madini ambapo shuguli zote za usimamizi wa raslimali madini zimepewa Tume ya Madini ambapo kabla ya hapo shuguli hizo zilikuwa chini ya Kamishna wa Madini. 

Igenge amesema kuanzishwa kwa itifaki katika nchi za maziwa makuu kulitokana na tetesi za uwepo wa matumizi mabaya ya raslimali ardhi ikiwemo madini ambapo kipato cha raslimali hizo inasadikika kuwa zilikuwa zinatumika kufadhili shuguli za za kivita katika nchi za maziwa makuu, hivyo kupelekea kuanzishwa kwa itifaki ya pamoja kwa lengo la kudhibiti.  

Mkutano huo wa kimataaifa unahudhuriwa na wajumbe kutoka Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda na wawakilishi wa Shirika la Maendeleo la Ujerumani (GIZ) na Sekretariati ya nchi wanachama wa Maziwa Makuu. Kwa upande wa  Tanzania inawakilishwa na Wizara ya Madini, Wizara ya Mambo ya Nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki, Shirikisho la Wachimbaji Tanzania (FEMATA), Chama cha Wanunuzi  na Wauzaji wa  Madini Tanzania  (TAMIDA), Tume ya Madini, Shirika la Madini la Taifa (STAMICO), Wakala wa  Jiolojia na Utafiti wa Madini (GST).  

Katika mkutano huo, Waziri Biteko aliambatana na Naibu Waziri wa Madini Stanslaus Nyongo, Kamishna wa Madini Mhandisi Daivid Mulabwa, Mkurugenzi wa Sheria kutoka Wizara ya Madini Edwin Igenge na baadhi ya maafisa kutoka wizara ya Madini. 

          Rwanda: Genocide Fugitive Teganya on Trial for Immigration Fraud in America      Cache   Translate Page      
[New Times] American jurors on Monday started probing the case involving Jean-Leonard Teganya, a Rwandan embroiled in an immigration fraud trial, after he concealed his role in the Genocide back in Rwanda as he processed asylum to stay in the US.
          Uganda: UNHCR Expresses Appreciation, Urges More Solidarity for Uganda’s Refugee Response      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda

Concluding a five-day trip to Uganda, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency’s Deputy High Commissioner Kelly T. Clements expressed appreciation to Uganda for its open door policy for refugees, and urged more global solidarity for the Ugandan people currently hosting more than 1.2 million refugees.

“I’ve been extremely impressed at how Uganda’s inclusive policies have improved the lives of refugees and the communities hosting them,” said Clements of her visit. “Uganda represents the Global Compact in action, but the country can’t do it alone. More global support is needed, particularly in the areas of education, economic opportunities and the environment.”

She visited refugee settlements in Adjumani, Moyo and Yumbe districts and met with refugee groups, district authorities, high level government officials and ministers including the Hon. Dr. Joyce Moriku Kaducu, Minister of State for Primary Health Care. She also met with Uganda’s First Lady and Minister for Education and Sports, Mrs. Janet K. Museveni, where she praised the national Education Response Plan, which fully integrates refugees into national and district planning in refugee-hosting areas.

Education is a major priority in the Uganda refugee response for 2019 and beyond. More than half of refugee children, and over one third of Ugandan children in refugee hosting areas, are out of school.

In Palorinya refugee settlement in Moyo district, Clements met with teachers, students and their parents and noted the myriad of challenges they face. She was moved by the story of a 22 year-old refugee woman, who committed suicide after learning she would not be able to pay school fees to complete her last year of secondary education

“We all want to prevent a generation of young people from being lost because they feel the future holds so little for them,” said the Deputy High Commissioner. “It is in places like Palorinya that more global solidarity with countries and people hosting refugees must be demonstrated.”

As part of a focus on education, Clements announced that UNHCR would re-allocate of 100,000 USD to ensure young students can continue studying in secondary school in the Palorinya refugee settlement.

The funds will cover school fees for more than 500 refugee and Ugandan youth who cannot afford to stay in school otherwise. This new support will also help to improve conditions in secondary schools and provide small, but critical supplies that can affect school attendance, like sanitary pads for female students.

In Adjumani, Clements visited a market with businesses owned by women entrepreneurs and heard from refugee and host community representatives. Education, health and environmental issues were the primary concerns raised during her interaction with the refugees and district authorities.

The Deputy High Commissioner’s visit highlights UNHCR’s priorities and needs for Uganda’s nearly 1.2 million refugees coming from South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Somalia and Rwanda living across 30 settlements and Kampala.

Media contact

Duniya Aslam Khan, phone number: +256 772 701101, email:

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Uhuru Holds Private Talks with Kagame, Museveni Amid Row
Kenya Daily Nation   

Presidents Yoweri Museveni (Uganda), Uhuru Kenyatta and Paul Kagame (Rwanda) (right), arrive for the 14th Summit on the Northern Corridor Integration Project at Safari Park Hotel in Nairobi, . PHOTO | DENNIS ONSONGO | NATION MEDIA GROUP

In Summary
The President took a short trip to Paul Kagame's country and on his way back to Nairobi, made a brief stopover in Uganda where he held private talks with President Yoweri Museveni at State House, Entebbe.
In Rwanda, President Kenyatta said he was impressed by the national leadership retreat concept and promised to consider replicating it in Kenya.
President Kagame thanked President Kenyatta for agreeing to speak at the retreat, saying the Kenyan leader was a true friend of Rwanda.


President Uhuru Kenyatta on Monday visited Rwanda and Uganda and held private talks with Presidents Paul Kagame and Yoweri Museveni.

The President began with Rwanda and then briefly stopped at State House in Entebbe, Uganda, on his way back to Nairobi.

The talks were on the backdrop of a diplomatic row between Rwanda and Uganda, over claims that Mr Museveni's country has supported rebels opposed to the government in Kigali, a claim firmly rebutted by Kampala.

The row pushed Rwanda to close one of its busiest borders with Uganda and Dicksons Kateshumbwa, the Commissioner for Customs at the Uganda Revenue Authority, said Kenya was one of the parties affected.

In President Kagame's country, Mr Kenyatta said Kenya's relationship with Rwanda "is probably the best" and urged more mutually beneficial engagements.

He said this good relationship can become better and more beneficial through people-to-people interactions.

The President also noted that the two nations have achieved much together in recent years and challenged the people to engage more.

"The more we meet, the more we interact, the better we integrate as a people," he said at the Rwanda Defence Forces (RDF) Combat Training Centre in Gabiro, where he addressed more than 500 top government and private sector officials.

"We have made it easier for our people and goods to move across our borders. We have created linkages in ICTs and in other areas."


President Kenyatta further said he was impressed by the national leadership retreat concept and promised to consider replicating it in Kenya.

The annual event brings together leaders from all sectors of the Rwandan economy for discussions on development programmes.

While citing Rwanda's top rank in the World Bank's ease of doing business index, Mr Kenyatta noted that the country rose from the devastation of war into a robust economy and a model of progress in Africa.

"I am proud of how Rwanda has emerged from the challenges of its past into a model economy. Rwanda is one of Africa's shining stars," he said.


On regional integration, President Kenyatta acknowledged challenges and called on leaders to work together on solutions.

"It is true that we are faced with some challenges as neighbours and as a region. Through goodwill and good intentions, we will be able to resolve these challenges," he said.

He added: "We need to connect more. Rwanda alone ... Kenya alone will not make it but together we have tremendous potential to succeed."

President Kagame thanked President Kenyatta for agreeing to speak at the retreat, saying the Kenyan leader was a true friend of Rwanda.

"You know you can have a brother who is not your friend. In President Kenyatta, I have a brother who is also a friend," he said.

Additional reporting by AFP and Charles Mpagi

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Is Kagame Looking for An Alternative Route to Sea?
East African

Rwandan President Paul Kagame's visit to Dar es Salaam, where he held private talks with President John Magufuli, in the middle of a spat with Uganda raises eyebrows. NMG

In Summary
Rwandan president was in Tanzania for a two-day visit this past week.
About 80 per cent of Rwanda’s import cargo is handled through the Dar port, but its major exports — minerals, tea and coffee — go through Uganda to the port of Mombasa.
Analysts said President Kagame is being tactful in seeking President Magufuli’s intervention in Rwanda’s developing crises in the region.


Rwandan President Paul Kagame was in Tanzania this past week on a two-day visit, seen as a quest to firm up relations with Dar in the wake of escalating tensions with Uganda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

President Kagame, who arrived in Dar es Salaam on Thursday, held private talks with President John Magufuli, in what is perceived as a quest to have the Tanzanian leader mediate in the security and commercial dispute between Kampala and Kigali.

The souring of relations between the two neighbours has been simmering for years now, and worsened last week when Rwanda closed the Gatuna border post.

In recent weeks, Kigali has complained that Uganda has been subjecting its citizens to illegal arrests and torture. Kampala had earlier accused Rwanda of transporting goods through the common transport corridor in breach of the provisions of the East African Community Common Market Protocol, and held tens of Rwandan trucks for weeks before releasing them.

Rwanda, a small landlocked country, is served by two major transport corridors — the Central Corridor that runs from Dar es Salaam through Tanzania’s heartland, and the Northern Corridor that runs from Mombasa through Kenya and Uganda.

About 80 per cent of Rwanda’s import cargo is handled through the Dar port, but its major exports — minerals, tea and coffee — go through Uganda to the port of Mombasa.

Oil and capital goods to Rwanda come in mainly through Dar es Salaam. It is this route that President Kagame is seen to be moving to secure, as prospects of undertaking joint infrastructure projects with Kenya and Uganda grow dimmer as relations with Kampala get icier.

Rail network

The planned SGR line linking Mombasa to landlocked Uganda and Rwanda has lagged behind schedule, largely due to financing constraints, doubts over its economic viability, and the high cost of construction and indecisiveness of some partner states.

The planned 1,500km railway line from Mombasa to Kigali was expected to be completed by 2018, but only Kenya has completed the initial Mombasa-Nairobi phase of the project.

Rwanda is part of this rail network, but it has more recently turned its focus to the Isaka-Kigali project, which is estimated to be cheaper than the Kenyan-Uganda route by about $200 million.

Rwanda consumes more than 200 million litres of fuel annually, averaging 20 million litres a month. In the third quarter of 2018, Rwanda’s imports from EAC partner states totalled $154 million, representing 20.8 per cent of all its imports.

Tanzania’s share of those imports was 24 per cent or third after Uganda and Kenya, who accounted for 43 per cent and 32 per cent of the imports respectively.

Ismael Buchanan, an international relations expert and senior lecturer at the University of Rwanda, said President Magufuli had maintained close ties with both President Kagame and President Museveni, making him a worthy mediator.

President Kagame was in Tanzania on the invitation of President Magufuli. He was accompanied by Foreign Affairs Minister Richard Sezibera, his Infrastructure counterpart Claver Gatete, State Minister for East African Community Affairs Olivier Nduhungirehe and Intelligence Chief Gen Joseph Nzabamwita.

“The presidents had a tête-à-tête and spoke mainly about bilateral relations and promotion of trade between the two countries,” Mr Nduhungirehe told The EastAfrican, without further details.


Rwandan officials met their Tanzanian counterparts for discussions on reinforcing trade and collaboration between the two countries. The EastAfrican learned that no agreements were signed.

Talks between the two presidents are said to have also featured Rwanda’s frosty ties with Burundi.

Analysts said President Kagame is being tactful in seeking President Magufuli’s intervention in Rwanda’s developing crises in the region.

“As the chairperson of the EAC, Kagame understands that dialogue is important. So I believe he sees this as the right time to solve this problem, and Magufuli may be the right person to advise him on the way forward,” Prof Buchanan said.

President Kagame’s last state visit to Tanzania was in January 2018, when he went for a review of the joint standard gauge railway plan that is to run from Isaka to Kigali. Construction of the 571km railway line at a cost of $2.5 billion was set to begin last December.

In view of the recent developments, President Kagame would be anxious to get this project done soon to clear the logistical nightmare that would arise were Uganda to block goods destined for Rwanda from passing through its territory. In January, both presidents asked the technical teams to fast-track the project, which has been held back by the absence of a contractor.

Tanzania is expected to pay $1.3 billion and Rwanda $1.2 billion in project financing.

President Magufuli, who rarely travels out of the country, made his first foreign visit to Rwanda in April 2016, five months after assuming office, to inaugurate the Rusumo One-Stop-Border Post and an international bridge on the border between Rwanda and Tanzania.

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Government Officials, Doctors Among Ethiopian Crash Victims
The crash of an Ethiopian Airlines jetliner shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa shattered families and communities

In this image taken from video, rescuers search through wreckage at the scene of an Ethiopian Airlines flight that crashed shortly after takeoff at Hejere near Bishoftu, or Debre Zeit, some 50 kilometers (31 miles) south of Addis Ababa, in Ethiopia Sunday, March 10, 2019. The Ethiopian Airlines flight crashed shortly after takeoff from Ethiopia's capital on Sunday morning, killing all 157 on board, authorities said, as grieving families rushed to airports in Addis Ababa and the destination, Nairobi. (AP Photo/Yidnek Kirubel)

Associated Press

Three Austrian physicians. The co-founder of an international aid organization. A career ambassador. The wife and children of a Slovak legislator. A Nigerian-born Canadian college professor, author and satirist. They were all among the 157 people from 35 countries who died Sunday morning when an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 MAX 8 jetliner crashed shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa en route to Nairobi, Kenya. Here are some of their stories.


Kenya: 32 victims

— Hussein Swaleh, the former secretary general of the Football Kenya Federation, was named as being among the dead by Sofapaka Football Club.

He was due to return home on the flight after working as the match commissioner in an African Champions League game in Egypt on Friday.

— Cedric Asiavugwa, a law student at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., was on his way to Nairobi after the death of his fiancee's mother, the university said in a statement.

Asiavugwa, who was in his third year at the law school, was born and raised in Mombasa, Kenya. Before he came to Georgetown, he worked with groups helping refugees in Zimbabwe, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, the university said.

At Georgetown, Asiavugwa studied international business and economic law.

The university said Asiavugwa's family and friends "remembered him as a kind, compassionate and gentle soul, known for his beautifully warm and infectious smile."


Canada: 18 victims

—Pius Adesanmi, a Nigerian professor with Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada, was on his way to a meeting of the African Union's Economic, Social and Cultural Council in Nairobi, John O. Oba, Nigeria's representative to the panel, told The Associated Press.

The author of "Naija No Dey Carry Last," a collection of satirical essays, Adesanmi had degrees from Ilorin and Ibadan universities in Nigeria, and the University of British Columbia. He was director of Carleton's Institute of African Studies, according to the university's website. He was also a former assistant professor of comparative literature at Pennsylvania State University.

"Pius was a towering figure in African and post-colonial scholarship and his sudden loss is a tragedy," said Benoit-Antoine Bacon, Carleton's president and vice chancellor.

Adesanmi was the winner of the inaugural Penguin Prize for African non-fiction writing in 2010.

Mitchell Dick, a Carleton student who is finishing up a communications honors degree, said he took a first- and second-year African literature course with Adesanmi.

Adesanmi was "extremely nice and approachable," and stood out for his passion for the subject matter, Dick said.

—Mohamed Hassan Ali confirmed that he had lost his sister and niece.

Ali said his sister, Amina Ibrahim Odowaa, and her five-year-old daughter, Safiya, were on board the jet that went down six minutes after it took off from the Addis Ababa airport on the way to Nairobi, Kenya.

"(She was) a very nice person, very outgoing, very friendly. Had a lot of friends," he said of his sister, who lived in Edmonton and was travelling to Kenya to visit with relatives.

Amina Ibrahim Odowaa and her daughter Sofia Faisal Abdulkadir

The 33-year-old Edmonton woman and her five year-old daughter were travelling to Kenya to visit with relatives.

A family friend said Odowaa has lived in Edmonton since 2006.

— Derick Lwugi, an accountant with the City of Calgary, was also among the victims, his wife, Gladys Kivia, said. He leaves behind three children, aged 17, 19 and 20, Kivia said.

The couple had been in Calgary for 12 years, and Lwugi had been headed to Kenya to visit both of their parents.


Ethiopia: 9 victims

— The aid group Save the Children said an Ethiopian colleague died in the crash.

Tamirat Mulu Demessie had been a child protection in emergencies technical adviser and "worked tirelessly to ensure that vulnerable children are safe during humanitarian crises," the group said in a statement.


China: 8 victims


Italy: 8 victims

—Paolo Dieci, one of the founders of the International Committee for the Development of Peoples, was among the dead, the group said on its website.

"The world of international cooperation has lost one of its most brilliant advocates and Italian civil society has lost a precious point of reference," wrote the group, which partners with UNICEF in northern Africa.

UNICEF Italia sent a tweet of condolences over Dieci's death, noting that CISP, the group's Italian acronym, was a partner in Kenya, Libya and Algeria.

—Sebastiano Tusa, the Sicilian regional assessor to the Italian Culture Ministry, was en route to Nairobi when the plane crashed, according to Sicilian regional President Nello Musemeci. In a statement reported by the ANSA news agency, Musemeci said he received confirmation from the foreign ministry, which confirmed the news to The Associated Press.

In a tweet, Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte said it was a day of pain for everyone. He said: "We are united with the relatives of the victims and offer them our heartfelt thoughts."

Tusa was also a noted underwater archaeologist.

—The World Food Program confirmed that two of the Italian victims worked for the Rome-based U.N. agency.

A WFP spokeswoman identified the victims as Virginia Chimenti and Maria Pilar Buzzetti.

—Three other Italians worked for the Bergamo-based humanitarian agency, Africa Tremila: Carlo Spini, his wife, Gabriella Viggiani and the treasurer, Matteo Ravasio.


United States: 8 victims


France: 7 victims

—A group representing members of the African diaspora in Europe is mourning the loss of its co-chairperson and "foremost brother," Karim Saafi.

A French Tunisian, Saafi, 38, was on an official mission representing the African Diaspora Youth Forum in Europe, the group announced on its Facebook page.

"Karim's smile, his charming and generous personality, eternal positivity, and his noble contribution to Youth employment, diaspora engagement and Africa's socio-economic development will never be forgotten," the post read. "Brother Karim, we'll keep you in our prayers."

Saafi left behind a fiancée.


UK: 7 victims

— Joanna Toole, a 36-year-old from Exmouth, Devon, was heading to Nairobi to attend the United Nations Environment Assembly when she was killed.

Father Adrian described her as a "very soft and loving" woman whose "work was not a job — it was her vocation".

"Everybody was very proud of her and the work she did. We're still in a state of shock. Joanna was genuinely one of those people who you never heard a bad word about," he told the DevonLive website.

He also said she used to keep homing pigeons and pet rats and travelled to the remote Faroe Islands to prevent whaling.

Manuel Barange, the director of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations fisheries and aquaculture department, tweeted saying he was "profoundly sad and lost for words" over the death of the "wonderful human being".

— Joseph Waithaka, a 55-year-old who lived in Hull for a decade before moving back to his native Kenya, also died in the crash, his son told the Hull Daily Mail.

Ben Kuria, who lives in London, said his father had worked for the Probation Service, adding: "He helped so many people in Hull who had found themselves on the wrong side of the law."

Waithaka had dual Kenyan and British citizenship, the BBC reported.


Egypt: 6 victims


Germany: 5 victims


India: 4 victims


Slovakia: 4 victims

—A lawmaker of Slovak Parliament said his wife, daughter and son were killed in the crash. Anton Hrnko, a legislator for the ultra-nationalist Slovak National Party, said he was "in deep grief" over the deaths of his wife, Blanka, son, Martin, and daughter, Michala. Their ages were not immediately available.

Martin Hrnko was working for the Bubo travel agency. The agency said he was traveling for his vacation in Kenya.

President Andrej Kiska offered his condolences to Hrnko.


Austria: 3 victims

—Austrian Foreign Ministry spokesman Peter Guschelbauer confirmed that three Austrian doctors in their early 30s were on board the flight. The men were on their way to Zanzibar, he said, but he could not confirm the purpose of their trip.


Russia: 3 victims

—The Russian Embassy in Ethiopia said that airline authorities had identified its deceased nationals as Yekaterina Polyakova, Alexander Polyakov and Sergei Vyalikov.

News reports identify the first two as husband and wife. State news agency RIA-Novosibirsk cites a consular official in Nairobi as saying all three were tourists.


Sweden: 3 victims

— Hospitality company Tamarind Group announced "with immense shock and grief" that its chief executive Jonathan Seex was among the fatalities.


Israel: 2 victims


Morocco: 2 victims


Poland: 2 victims


Spain: 2 victims


Belgium: 1 victim


Djibouti: 1 victim


Indonesia: 1 victim


Ireland: 1 victim

— Irishman Michael Ryan was among the seven dead from the United Nations' World Food Programme, a humanitarian organization distributing billions of rations every year to those in need.

The Rome-based aid worker and engineer known as Mick was formerly from Lahinch in County Clare in Ireland's west and was believed to be married with two children.

His projects have included creating safe ground for Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and assessing the damage to rural roads in Nepal that were blocked by landslides.

Irish premier Leo Varadkar said: "Michael was doing life-changing work in Africa with the World Food Programme."


Mozambique: 1 victim


Nepal: 1 victim


Nigeria: 1 victim

—The Nigerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said it received the news of retired Ambassador Abiodun Oluremi Bashu's death "with great shock and prayed that the Almighty God grant his family and the nation, the fortitude to bear the irreparable loss."

Bashu was born in Ibadan in 1951 and joined the Nigerian Foreign Service in 1976. He had served in different capacities both at Headquarters and Foreign Missions such as Vienna, Austria, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire and Tehran, Iran. He also served as secretary to the Conference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

At the time of his death, Bashu was on contract with the United Nations Economic Commission of Africa.


Norway: 1 victim

—The Red Cross of Norway confirmed that Karoline Aadland, a finance officer, was among those on the flight.

Aadland, 28, was originally from Bergen, Norway. The Red Cross said she was traveling to Nairobi for a meeting.

Aadland's Linkedin page says she had done humanitarian and environmental work. The page says her work and studies had taken her to France, Kenya, South Africa and Malawi.

"People who know me describe me as a resourceful, dedicated and kindhearted person," she wrote on Linkedin.

The Red Cross says in a news release that it "offers support to the closest family, and to employees who want it," the organization said in a news release.


Rwanda: 1 victim


Saudi Arabia: 1 victim


Serbia: 1 victim

Serbia's foreign ministry confirmed that one of its nationals was aboard the plane. The ministry gave no further details, but local media identified the man as 54-year-old Djordje Vdovic.

The Vecernje Novosti daily reported that he worked at the World Food Program.


Somalia: 1 victim


Sudan: 1 victim


Togo: 1 victim


Uganda: 1 victim


Yemen: 1 victim


U.N. passport: 1 victim


The Special Olympics Oman team could not have asked for a better start to its Special Olympics World Games Abu Dhabi 2019 journey after beating Rwanda 8-0 today (13 March).


          Age distribution, trends, and forecasts of under-5 mortality in 31 sub-Saharan African countries: A modeling study.      Cache   Translate Page      
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Age distribution, trends, and forecasts of under-5 mortality in 31 sub-Saharan African countries: A modeling study.

PLoS Med. 2019 Mar;16(3):e1002757

Authors: Mejía-Guevara I, Zuo W, Bendavid E, Li N, Tuljapurkar S

BACKGROUND: Despite the sharp decline in global under-5 deaths since 1990, uneven progress has been achieved across and within countries. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for child mortality were met only by a few countries. Valid concerns exist as to whether the region would meet new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for under-5 mortality. We therefore examine further sources of variation by assessing age patterns, trends, and forecasts of mortality rates.
METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data came from 106 nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHSs) with full birth histories from 31 SSA countries from 1990 to 2017 (a total of 524 country-years of data). We assessed the distribution of age at death through the following new demographic analyses. First, we used a direct method and full birth histories to estimate under-5 mortality rates (U5MRs) on a monthly basis. Second, we smoothed raw estimates of death rates by age and time by using a two-dimensional P-Spline approach. Third, a variant of the Lee-Carter (LC) model, designed for populations with limited data, was used to fit and forecast age profiles of mortality. We used mortality estimates from the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME) to adjust, validate, and minimize the risk of bias in survival, truncation, and recall in mortality estimation. Our mortality model revealed substantive declines of death rates at every age in most countries but with notable differences in the age patterns over time. U5MRs declined from 3.3% (annual rate of reduction [ARR] 0.1%) in Lesotho to 76.4% (ARR 5.2%) in Malawi, and the pace of decline was faster on average (ARR 3.2%) than that observed for infant (IMRs) (ARR 2.7%) and neonatal (NMRs) (ARR 2.0%) mortality rates. We predict that 5 countries (Kenya, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda) are on track to achieve the under-5 sustainable development target by 2030 (25 deaths per 1,000 live births), but only Rwanda and Tanzania would meet both the neonatal (12 deaths per 1,000 live births) and under-5 targets simultaneously. Our predicted NMRs and U5MRs were in line with those estimated by the UN IGME by 2030 and 2050 (they overlapped in 27/31 countries for NMRs and 22 for U5MRs) and by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) by 2030 (26/31 and 23/31, respectively). This study has a number of limitations, including poor data quality issues that reflected bias in the report of births and deaths, preventing reliable estimates and predictions from a few countries.
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this study is the first to combine full birth histories and mortality estimates from external reliable sources to model age patterns of under-5 mortality across time in SSA. We demonstrate that countries with a rapid pace of mortality reduction (ARR ≥ 3.2%) across ages would be more likely to achieve the SDG mortality targets. However, the lower pace of neonatal mortality reduction would prevent most countries from achieving those targets: 2 countries would reach them by 2030, 13 between 2030 and 2050, and 13 after 2050.

PMID: 30861006 [PubMed - in process]

          Comment on The Two Faces Of Rwanda by Reid Sondag      Cache   Translate Page      
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Na mwanandishi Wetu.

Mauzo ya moja kwa moja (maafuru kama network marketing) yanakuwa kwa kasi katika eneo la kusini mwa Jangwa la Sahara ya Afrika na hasa Afrika Mashariki, jambo ambalo kwa kiasi kikubwa limesababishwa na ongezeko la idadi ya watu katika kanda hii pamoja na vijana mahiri ambao kwa mujibu wa taarifa ya Uchambuzi wa Ongezeko la Vijana ya Taasisi ya Maendeleo ya Afrika - sasa Afrika Mashariki ina zaidi ya 45% ya vijana kati ya watu milioni 150 walioko Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda na Uganda. Wengi wa vijana hawa wana elimu, kwa ujumla wana ufahamu wa teknolojia, wepesi kufuata mienendo mipya, wana hamasa ya kuweka juhudi na fikra za ujasiriamali - jambo ambalo ndio sifa ya awali ya mafanikio endelevu katika biashara ya uuzaji wa moja kwa moja.

Kwa wanaoanza, mauzo ya moja kwa moja ni wazo la biashara ya kimataifa na linaelezewa kama 'uuzaji wa bidhaa za matumizi au huduma, kutoka kwa mtu mmoja hadi kwa mtu mwingine, mbali na maeneo ya maduka ya kawaida'. Mtindo huu wa mauzo una zaidi ya miaka 100 na mwanzoni kabisa ulianzia huko USA. Leo, sasa karibu takribani watu milioni 117 wanajihusisha nayo. Kwa mujibu wa ripoti ya mwaka 2018 ya Shirikisho la Chama cha Wauzaji wa moja kwa moja Ulimwenguni.(World Federation of Direct Selling Association (WFDSA), mauzo ya moja kwa moja yalizalisha $190 bilioni na karibu nusu ya mauzo yote yametoka katika masoko yanayochipukia:

Inatosheleza kusema, Afrika ina chukua chini ya 1% ya jumla ya mauzo ya WFDSA lakini wataalamu wanakadiria kwamba soko la Afrika Mashariki linatoa fursa ya kukua kwa wajasiriamali wanaochipukia na hata kwa wale walioajiriwa na wana kiu ya kujipatia kipato cha nyongeza kupitia mauzo ya moja kwa moja.

Katika kanda ambayo mahitaji ya ajira rasmi yanazidi kuwa na ushindani mkubwa na uhaba wa ajira rasmi, mauzo ya moja kwa moja yanatoa njia mbadala za ajira tofauti na ilivyozoeleka kwa wale wanaohitaji kipato cha ziada au mazingira haya ruhusu ajira.

Akiongea hivi karibuni wakati akitoa taarifa kwa vyombo vya habari, Biram Fall, Meneja Mkuu wa QNET kwa kanda ya kusini mwa Jangwa la Sahara alisema "QNET imesaidia kuwawezesha maelfu ya watuAfrika, hasa vijana, katika muongo uliopita. Tunaona ongezeko la kukubalika kwa Mauzo ya Moja kwa Moja, na idadi ya watu zaidi ya milioni 200 katika Afrika Mashariki, Mtindo huu ni mtindo unaobadilisha maisha kwa wengi"

QNET inatoa aina mbalimbali za bidhaa za afya, ustawi na mitindo ya maisha kupitia mifumo yake ya biashara ya mitandao (e-commerce) kwa mamilioni ya wateja katika zaidi ya nchi 100, ikiwa inasaidia watu kuishi maisha bora, na kutoa njia mbadala ya kujipatia kipato kwa yeyote anayehitaji kutumia fursa hii. Kampuni pia ina ofisi na mawakala washirika katika nchi 25 duniani kote, na zaidi ya stoo 50, shughuli za uendeshaji na maduka na wauzaji katika nchi kadhaa duniani. Sasa kwa uwepo wake imara katika Afrika Mashariki, QNET imejidhatiti katika kuendeleza mtindo wa mauzo wa moja kwa moja katika kanda hii.

Kwa kuongezea QNET pia inarudisha faida yake kwa jamii. Baadhi ya wanufaikaji wa Majukumu ya Kampuni kwa jamii ni pamoja na kituo cha kulelea yatima cha Maunga, na Kituo cha kulele yatima cha Newlife Orphans Home ambavyo vimepokea msaada wa chakula na michango kwa miaka ya hivi karibuni.

Kwa mujibu wa Biram Fall Meneja Mkuu wa QNET katika Kanda ya Afrika, Kusini mwa Jangwa la Sahara; "QNET ina nia ya kurudisha kwa jamii, Hii ndio sababu kwa nini tumewekeza kwa kiasi kikubwa katika miradi ya uwajibikaji endelevu ya kampuni kwa jamii katika maeneo mbalimbali ya Afrika kupitia katika mkono wetu wa uwajibikaji kwa jamii” alisema Fall.

QNET Ghana, kwa kupitia RYTHM Foundation, imetoa vifaa maalumu 50 vya kusomea vitabu vya kielektroniki (Kindle e-readers) ambavyo vina vitabu 100 vinavyoendana na tamaduni zao kila kimoja. kwaajili ya wanafunzi wa Nima, eneo lenye watu wa kipato cha chini zaidi ndani ya jiji wa Accra, Ghana. Ilikuwa ni mradi uliofanyika kwa ushirikiano na Worldreader, NGO ya utoaji wa elimu duniani na Achievers Ghana, taasisi ya elimu kwa jamii.

QNET pia inafanya vizuri katika udhamini wa michezo duniani. Baadhi ya ushirikiano mkubwa wa hivi karibuni unajumuisha kuwa Wauzaji wa Moja kwa Moja wa Klabu ya Mpira wa miguu ya Manchester City na Klabu ya mpira wa miguu kwa wanawake ya Manchester city na Shirikisho la Mpira wa Miguu Afrika (CAF) kwaajili ya ligi ya mabingwa ya Total CAF, Kombe la shirikisho la Total CAF na Total CAF Super Cup kwa mwaka 2018 na 2019. Hapo awali washirika wakubwa walikuwa ni pamoja na Formula One, badminton na zaidi, kutokana na imani thabiti ya kampuni kwamba msukumo, shauku na kufanya kazi katika timu iliyopo katika michezo inaendana na ule wa QNET.


Imani thabiti ya QNET kwamba hakuna kinachowezesha zaidi kwa mtu binafsi kama uhuru wa kifedha ambao unatolewa na jitihada katika sekta ya mauzo ya moja kwa moja, na inaamini kwamba watu wa Afrika Mashariki, pamoja na shauku yao na fikra za ujasiriamali, watafurahia kiwango bora cha bidhaa zinazotolewa na QNET na fursa za kibiashara kwaajili ya maendeleo binafsi.

Mauzo ya Moja kwa Moja yanaweza kuwa ni kazi ya kutosheleza kwa wale ambao wanachagua kuchukua fursa hii kama kazi yao kuu au hata kuchukua kama kazi ya ziada kwa sababu inatoa faida za kifedha kutegemeana na muda na juhudi unazoweka katika kukuza biashara yako. Kwa kuongezea, tofauti na biashara zingine za kawaida ambazo zinahitaji mtaji mkubwa, rasilimali na hata uzoefu, biashara ya mauzo ya moja kwa moja inatoa fursa hii ya biashara yenye gharama nafuu kwa kila mmoja anayehitaji kuianzisha, bila kujali kiwango chao cha elimu au uzoefu. Zaidi ya hayo, mafunzo na maelekezo ambayo wafanyabiashara wanaoanza wanapitia (Wawakilishi wa Kujitegemea au IRs kama ilivyo katika QNET) inawapatia ujuzi wa pekee ambao unapelekea kuwa na ujasiri, kujitambua na hatimae ukuaji binafsi ambao unatambua utaalamu wa mtu kama mjasiriamali aliyekamilika.

Huenda, manufaa makubwa zaidi ya mauzo ya moja kwa moja katika masoko yanayoibukia kama Afrika Mashariki ni kwamba mtindo huu unakuwa na athari zaidi hapa kuliko katika masoko yaliyoendelea kwa sababu ya athari za kifedha inayoweza kuleta katika maisha ya watu - kutoa fursa za ujasiriamali kwa wote, bila kujali ujuzi au uzoefu, hivyo hatimae kuchangia katika kupunguza umasikini katika jamii.

Katika mizizi ya QNET kuna falsafa ya RYTHM – Raise Yourself To Help Mankind - ambayo inaongoza jitihada zake zote, na kuendesha kampuni sio tu kubadilisha maisha ya watu duniani kote, lakini pia kushirikiana nao katika kupanua athari hizi.

Kama alivyosema bwana Trevor Kuna, Mkurugenzi Mtendaji wa QNET "Tunaamini kwamba mafanikio ya kifedha peke yake hayatoshelezi" Ili tuweze kuleta athari, tunahitaji kuendeleza watu kuwa binadamu bora ili waweze kutumia mafanikio yao kuchangia katika jamii zao"


Kama ilivyo katika biashara nyingine yoyote Sekta ya Mauzo ya Moja kwa moja pia inakabiliana na changamoto. Changamoto ambayo ni kubwa zaidi miongoni mwa hizi ni kuenea kwa mifumo ya pyramid schemes inayoenda kinyume cha sheria ambayo inaonekana kama makampuni halisi ya biashara ya moja kwa moja, ikiwa inaahidi wawekezaji kuwa watajipatia faida nyingi kupita kiasi iwapo wataunganisha watu wengine. Ukweli ni kwamba hawa 'matapeli' wanatengeneza taswira potofu ya Sekta ya Mauzo ya Moja kwa Moja, jambo ambalo linatengeneza kikwazo kwa makampuni halisi kama QNET kusajili washauri wa kibiashara kuendesha biashara zao halisi na halali. Wakati inapokabiliana na hali kama hizo, QNET inasema inatatua tatizo kwa kuelimisha umma kuwa makini na 'matapeli' kama hao na kuwahimiza kuthibitisha uhalali wa kampuni yeyote kufuatana na kutii kwake kwa kanuni, taratibu na sheria zilizowekwa na bodi zinazosimamia na mamlaka zinazohusika.

Mpaka kufikia hapa, maelezo kutoka QNET yanasema: "Kampuni yoyote inayokuahidi njia rahisi ya kuwa tajiri inapaswa kuangaliwa kwa tahadhari. QNET kwa mfano, ina maelezo ya kutosha ya mapato yanayopatikana kwenye tovuti yake na vifaa vya mauzo. Kampuni za Masoko ya mtandao zinatoa bidhaa zenye ubora au huduma tofauti na mifumo ya pyramid schemes ambayo haina bidhaa halali au huduma. Kampuni bora ya Masoko ya mtandao huwa inatenga kiwango kikubwa cha rasilimali kwaajili ya utafiti na uendelezaji, kutengeneza bidhaa zenye ubora ambazo zina matumizi halisi kwa watu wakati mifumo ya pyramids scheme huwa haifanyi hivyo"

Inaongeza: "Kampuni za masoko ya mtandano yana sera na taratibu sahihi, pamoja na kanuni za maadili za masoko. Kamuni yoyote halisi ya masoko ya mtandao ina lengo la kufikia ukuaji endelevu kwa kukuza utamanuni wa masoko ya kimaadili. QNET inaweka msisitizo mkubwa katika kanuni za maadili za utendaji kwa wawakilishi wake wa kujitegemea (IRs) na kuwapatia miongozo ya kina kuhusu masoko ya kitaalamu pamoja na sera na taratibu".

Kusisitiza uhalali wa mauzo ya moja kwa moja, utafiti wa hivi karibuni uliofanywa na Taasisi ya Ngazi Mbalimbali za Masoko ya India (India Multi-Level Marketing Institute) ilichunguza uendeshaji wa aina mbalimbali kama vile Avon, Mary Kay, QNET na Tupperware na kubaini kwamba 'sio mifumo ya scheme) ya aina ya piramidi au aina nyingine yoyote.

Changamoto nyingine inayoikabili sekta ya mauzo ya moja kwa moja ni ujuzi ambao haujaendelezwa hasa kwa wale ambao wamechukua fursa hii hivi karibuni. QNET inasema kwamba inatatua changamoto kwa kuweka msisitizo mkubwa sana katika mafunzo na elimu kwa IRs. Mafunzo hayo sio tu kamba yanaendeleza ujuzi wao wa kitaalamu lakini pia unalenga katika ukuaji na maendeleo binafsi.

Ni wazi kwamba, kufikisha bidhaa katika maeneo ya vijijini na maeneo ya mbali ni kikwazo kingine lakini QNET imeweza kutatua hili kwa kuajiri IRs ambao wanatengeneza mtandao ndani ya jamii zao kwaajili ya kurahisisha upatikanaji na pia kuwasaidia kuagiza mzigo mkubwa kwa punguzo kwa lengo la kutoa mzigo, hivyo kuhakikisha usambazaji endelevu wa bidhaa.

Kuingia kwa QNET katika soko la kanda inaweza pia kukabikiana na ushindani kutoka kwa kampuni ambazo tayari zilishaanzishwa za bidhaa za reja reja na nembo za kimataifa lakini mtindo wake wa pekee wa usambazaji utaiweka QNET tofauti na kutengeneza njia ya mafanikio.

          Re: Rwanda / Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Au Rwanda      Cache   Translate Page      
I have spend a lot of time in Rwanda before. It's one of the most beautiful places in Africa. But indeed, the Rwandees are very difficult to "catch". For me they are the "oriental" of Africa. It's impossible to get info from them or you need to know them already quite some time before they are a little open for their personality. It's a pity. They are very attractive guys. Especially the Tutsi's. Unluckily i had 2 bad experiences with 2 guys i'd met there many years ago.(financially and abuse of confidence) But i am sure there are other ones.
And there are a LOT of gays. But discretely.
          Ukurikiranyweho kunyereza umutungo w'ibigo bitatu yahoze ayobora yatawe muri yombi #Rwanda via @kigalitoday      Cache   Translate Page      

Uwitwa Bigoreyiki Jean Marie Vianney wari umaze amezi abarirwa muri atanu ashakishwa yatawe muri yombi.

- Imbere mu gihugu / Malachie Hakizimana
          Aide to leading Rwandan opposition politician found dead      Cache   Translate Page      

          How Misigaro's homecoming concert went down - The New Times      Cache   Translate Page      
How Misigaro's homecoming concert went down  The New Times

It was a family affair, as Canadian-based gospel artiste Gentil Misigaro, staged his first concert in Rwanda. The artiste, who has of recent rocked the airwaves in ...

          Le palmarés 2007      Cache   Translate Page      

Palmarès 2007          


Grand Prix du Long Métrage (Licorne d’Or)

EZRA de Newton I. Aduaka (France/Nigeria/Autriche, 110 min)
Prix doté d’une aide à la distribution (en France) de 7 500 €, d’une campagne promotionnelle d’une valeur de 25 000 € sur les chaînes CINÉCINÉMA et d’une aide au sous-titrage d’une valeur de 2 500 € offerte par Titra Films.

Prix spécial du jury pour le long métrage

MENG NA LI SHA Li Ying (Chine/Japon, 2007, 110 min)

Prix d’Amiens métropole

EL ASALTANTE de Pablo Fendrik (Argentine, 2007, 67 min)

Prix d’interprétation féminine

pour le film 24 mesures de Jalil Lespert (France, 2007, 90 min)

Prix d’interprétation masculine

pour le film l’Autre moitié de Rolando Colla (Suisse/Belgique, 2007)

Grand Prix du Court Métrage (Licorne d’Or)

LA DÉCHIRURE de Mikaël Buch (France, 2007)

Mention spéciale du jury pour le court métrage

I WANT TO BE A PILOT de Diego Quemada-Diez (Espagne/Mexique/Kenya, 2006)

Prix du public long métrage

EZRA de Newton I. Aduaka (France/Nigeria/Autriche, 2006)

Prix du public court métrage

DERNIER VOYAGE de Pierre Duculot (Belgique, 2007)

Prix de la Maison d’arrêt d’Amiens

Détenues femmes : Il neige à Marrakech de Hicham Alhayat (Suisse, 2006) Mention spéciale à Dernier voyage de Pierre Duculot (Belgique, 2007) Détenus hommes : Sale boulot de Erwann Lameignère (France, 2006) Prix du public : Il neige à Marrakech de Hicham Alhayat (Suisse, 2006)


MUNYURANGABO de Isaac Chung (Rwanda/États-Unis, 2007)

Mentions à ALGÉRIE, HISTOIRES À NE PAS DIRE de Jean-Pierre Lledo (Algérie/France, 2007)
NÄR ELVIS KOM PÅ BESÖK de Andreas Tibblin (Suède, 2006)


Prix doté d’un achat du film pour diffusion sur les chaînes CINÉCINÉMA
USUKU LWAM de Bela Lukac (Afrique du Sud, 13’)

Prix des Enfants de la Licorne

SPECTATEUR PERSONNEL de Emmanuel Jespers (Belgique, 2006, 14’30)

12e Fonds d’aide au développement du scénario

SUR LA PLANCHE de Leila Kilani (Maroc)
L’OEIL DU CYCLONE de Luis Marquès et Sékou Traoré (Burkina Faso)
ET IL Y EUT UN MATIN de Tawfik Abu Wael (Palestine)
DE L’HUILE D’OLIVE de Ammar Al Beik (Syrie)
L’EXIL ET LE ROYAUME de Andreï Schtakleff et Jonathan Le Fourn (France)





          Re: Rwanda / Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Au Rwanda      Cache   Translate Page      
I have spend a lot of time in Rwanda before. It's one of the most beautiful places in Africa. But indeed, the Rwandees are very difficult to "catch". For me they are the "oriental" of Africa. It's impossible to get info from them or you need to know them already quite some time before they are a little open for their personality. It's a pity. They are very attractive guys. Especially the Tutsi's. Unluckily i had 2 bad experiences with 2 guys i'd met there many years ago.(financially and abuse of confidence) But i am sure there are other ones.
And there are a LOT of gays. But discretely.
          Ya Tshishi Zongisa ye na Rwanda aux oubliettes, Félix fait des beaux yeux à Kagame      Cache   Translate Page      

NOUVEAU: Maintenant vous pouvez recharger l’internet pour vos familles à Kinshasa sur Orange, Africell, Tatem Telecom, Vodacom. Cliquez ici: Recharge internet Congo Kinshasa —————————————————————————————————————————————– wa Vital Kamerhe, directeur de cabinet du Président de la République Félix Tshisekedi, était à Kigali (Rwanda) en début de semaine. Porteur d’un message officiel de son homologue congolais, dont … Continue reading "Ya Tshishi Zongisa ye na Rwanda aux oubliettes, Félix fait des beaux yeux à Kagame"

The post Ya Tshishi Zongisa ye na Rwanda aux oubliettes, Félix fait des beaux yeux à Kagame appeared first on La vérité sans censure, RDC et Diaspora.

          Comment on Ya Tshishi Zongisa ye na Rwanda aux oubliettes, Félix fait des beaux yeux à Kagame by Kasongo      Cache   Translate Page      
Mawa mingi ya komona infiltré lokola Kamehre ko représenter zoba ya Tshilombo, pasi mingi bandeko na biso, mboka ezokende na l'est soki vraiment bozo comprendre yango te. Il faut kobengana Félix na Kabila, sino te na Félix le pays a été vendu na b'accords na ye ya buzoba po kaka na pouvoir ya lokoso, trahir son pays et son peuple ezali pasi mingi. Totika distraction, tokomi na niveau moko ya grave na médiocre lokola Tshilombo, il faut kobundela mboka sinon te tokolela mayi ya miso, le pure est à venir, soki to bloquer Kabila te oyo abatami na sima ya zoba oyo Félix, nous allons pleurer ya kosakana te. Botala trichèrie ezali ko continuer na complot ya Nangaa, b'assemblées provinciales nionso na maboko ya Kanambe oyo ba peuple balingi te, ba députés, ba sénateurs, ba gouverneurs nionso wana na maboko na ye, kala mingi te ye moko président ya sénat, bandeko le pure pour le congo ezali koya ya kosakana te, peuple atelema au moins makasi po na kobenga Félix na mutu na ye anomaki ye, ba manifestations ebanda pe soulévement populaire elanda sinon te congo ekobonga ata muke te, zoba ya Félix mérite que d'être chassé ou pendu po na trahison ya niveau ya boye. Mawa mingi.
          Comment on Ya Tshishi Zongisa ye na Rwanda aux oubliettes, Félix fait des beaux yeux à Kagame by Tuna Base      Cache   Translate Page      
Lingenda@ Tika nanu Bemba.. oyo a lingi pe a koma "ambassadeur de la paix" tango a lingi a pesa likonda na ba victimes ya guerre na RCA.. Lol To zongela FELIX, mwana ya Tshitshi oyo azo lakisa biso ete azali "impotent".. Fraternité nini biso ba congolais to zali na ngo besoin envers Kagame oyo a massacrer ba congolais depuis 20 ans? Fraternité oyo ya ko kende ko fukamela Kagame tala kaka... Felix deadline ya liberation ya ba prisoniers politiques pe esili.. Prisonier ata moko te a bimi na ba prisons clandestines ya Kabila.. kie kie président impotent..
          Comment on Ya Tshishi Zongisa ye na Rwanda aux oubliettes, Félix fait des beaux yeux à Kagame by Okinawa (kizengi na japonais) Luka buzz na mwinda      Cache   Translate Page      
Zongusa ye na Rwanda ezalaki pona KANAMBE to Kagame? Kagame azali kaka kuna na Rwanda Yeux doux ou pas. Ekomi pasi mpo Okinawa à gagner ba click donc bo comprendre ye. Site eza kolimua etikala kaka COPIN na copine.

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