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          Heavy rain brings more flooding in PNG's East New Britain      Cache   Translate Page      
Heavy rains have again caused widespread flooding and landslides in Papua New Guinea's East New Britain province.
          UN leads roadshow to explain Bougainville referendum      Cache   Translate Page      
A roadshow around Bougainville to highlight the referendum on independence from Papua New Guinea got underway in Arawa on Tuesday.
          Call for PNG to focus on threat from TB      Cache   Translate Page      
Papua New Guinea has 35,000 new cases of tuberculosis a year, according to an NGO.
          NCF in Papua New Guinea      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Trump không dự APEC ở Papua New Guinea      Cache   Translate Page      
Tổng thống Mỹ Donald Trump phát biểu tại Phủ Chủ tịch trong chuyến thăm Việt Nam năm ngoái, nhân dịp dự APEC tại Đà Nẵng. Ảnh: Giang Huy. Nhà Trắng hôm 31/8 thông báo Phó tổng thống Mỹ Mike Pence sẽ tới Singapore dự Hội nghị thượng đỉnh các nước Đông Nam Á (ASEAN) và […]
          Left Out: Two papua New Guinea divers protest Amelia Earhart Expedition's Final Dive       Cache   Translate Page      
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          3/13/2019: LIFESTYLE: Forging connections      Cache   Translate Page      

FARMERS across the Far North region will be better connected to the workforce thanks to a new partnership with Papua New Guinea. FNQ Growers recently hosted Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs Senator Marise Payne, and PNG ministerial dignitaries...
          1/1/19 JURANG KAUM MEMBANGKITKAN S4S .... apa model S4S kita?      Cache   Translate Page      
Sarawak pada asalnya adalah sebuah wilayah menganjur dari pedalaman Bau sehingga ke persisiran Samarahan. Dalam geografi moden, Sarawak asalnya mungkin satu wilayah di sebelah Barat Laut Borneo yang meliputi kawasan dari Tg Po di Sematan sehinggalah ke Muara Tuang, Samarahan. Sejarah awal Sarawak, seperti juga Sejarah Melayu pada keseluruhannya, adalah Sejarah Lisan. Sukar ditemukan Sejarah Bersurat bagi Sarawak Asal. Mungkin kesultanan Johor, Brunei dan Sambas ada menyimpan tulisan-tulisan mengenai Sarawak di sekitar kurun ke 10-19. Inilah tiga kesultanan yang ada peranan jelas mereka di Sarawak di sekitar kurun ke 13. Sebelum itu, mungkin kita perlu mengkaji Museum Buddha atau Hindu di India untuk melihat kemungkinan adanya catatan tentang Sarawak. Awal dari kurun ke 10, tiada siapa yang tahu, kecuali mungkin di Museum China dalam Dinasti Tang, Song, Yuan dan Ming pada kurun ke 8-10. Lantaran lowongan ini, di masa-masa mendatang, adalah sukar untuk Melayu Sarawak untuk mempertahankan hak mereka bersandarkan kaedah-kaedah moden ketentuan Barat. Maka wajar bagi masyarakat Melayu Sarawak untuk mulai menulis dan mengumpul bahan-bahan sejarah sahih sebagai khazanah rujukan anak-anak bangsa di masa depan. Peranan Kurator Museum Sarawak yang gah di masa depan harus kita Melayu Sarawak ambil perhatian berat.

(2) Namun sebegitu dikisahkan pada kurun ke 10-13, Sarawak pernah dijajah oleh Kerajaan Buddha Srivijaya di Sumatera. Lantaran itu, berlaku penghijerahan masyarakat Melayu Sumatera ke Sarawak dalam tempoh itu. Kemungkinan nama Kampung Lidah Tanah, Tupong dsb ada unsur-unsur budaya Sumatera di sana asalnya. Kemudian dengan hancurnya Srivijaya, maka muncul Kerajaan Melayu Temasik (Johor Lama) yang kekuasaannya menebar sehingga ke Sungai Sarawak. Namun dengan kebangkitan Kerajaan Majapahit, Kerajaan Temasik dikalahkan dan melalui Majapahit masyarakat Jawa pula hijerah dan berkuasa di Sarawak. Perkampungan seperti Surabaya, Samariang, Kampung Jawa (asal sekitar Masjid dan Brooke Dock Yard lama), dsb adalah bekas-bekas sejarah ini. Datuk Merpati Jepang (dari Jawa) di kisahkan hijerah ke Sarawak pada kurun ke 15 dan melahirkan kalangan perabangan di Sarawak. Jika ini benar, maka, kalangan pembesar Sarawak adalah berasal dari hibrid Sumatera-Jawa.  Kemudian keruntuhan Majapahit, telah mewujudkan Kerajaan-Kerajaan Islam Melayu di Sumatera dan Malaya termasuk pemulihan Kerajaan Lama Johor (Temasik). Begitu juga Islam telah menguasai Kesultanan Brunei. Melalui hibrid Kerajaan Melayu Johor dan Kesultanan Brunei, Kesultanan Brunei kemudian menguasai Sarawak sejak 1476.

(3) Walaubagaimanapun dari Modul Sejarah Barat, Sarawak hanya wujud pada 1537. Dengan perkembangan Revolusi Industri dan kedahagaan Barat untuk mengumpul sumber bagi mendokong Revolusi Industri telah membawa penemuan Antimony di Bau pada 1826. Bermula 1835, bibit-bibit pemberontakan terhadap Kesultanan Brunei bermula. Sejarah Sarawak terus terbangun selepas dari itu. Sejarah juga mencatatkan bahawa Kuching adalah Ibu Wilayah Sarawak ke tiga di bawah pemerintahan Sultan Muhammad Shah Brunei pada 1827. Sebelum itu Ibu Wilayah Sarawak adalah Santubong di bawah pemerintahan Sultan Tengah juga dari Brunei pada 1599 dan Lidah Tanah di bawah Pengeran Patinggi Ali pada 1820an.  Kesultanan Brunei menyerahkan Sarawak  kepada Brooke pada 1841 di atas jasa beliau dalam mengendurkan pemberontakan di wilayah itu. Sebelum 1841, nama Sarawak dan Kuching adalah saling bertukar ganti.  Sarawak adalah Kuching dan Kuching adalah Sarawak. Sebelum 1841, Sarawak adalah apa yang dinamakan sebagai Kuching pada masa ini. Atas sebab itu, Sungai yang membelah Bandaraya Kuching dinamakan Sungai Sarawak. Bila Brooke menguasai Kuching (asalnya melalui pajakan bernilai P500 dari Muda Hashim) iaitu Sarawak pada masa itu, beliau terus memasukkan lain-lain wilayah taklukan dan pajakannya (Limbang) ke dalam Sarawak dan mengekalkan nama Kuching sebagai nama Bandar Kuching.  Sejak 1841 sehingga kini, Kuching terus kekal sebagai Ibu Negeri Sarawak.

(4) Sarawak kini meliputi dari Sematan, di Lundu sehingga Merapok, di Lawas. Secara am, penduduk Sarawak dan wilayah-wilayah jiran seperti Sabah, Brunei dan Kalimantan adalah bersamaan dari segi sosok budaya dan kependudukannya. Mengikut sebahagian tulisan sejarah lisan, penghijerahan khususnya masyarakat pribumi bukan Melayu ke seluruh Sarawak (malah Borneo) adalah akibat peralihan budaya animisma, Buddha, Hindu dan Islam. Sebelumya iaitu pada era anismisma, semua etnik di Borneo adalah "saling berdekatan" di persisiran. Mungkin keadaan sosial pada masa itu setara dengan keadaan sebilangan etnik Papua New Guinea kini. Islam yang berkembang secara meluas sejak abad ke 13 telah memberikan kesan yang sangat ketara dalam mengantikan Buddha dan Hindu khususnya di kalangan masyarakat Melayu dan persisir lainnya. Islam juga kian meresap ke dalam golongan pribumi animisma lainnya. Sejumlah besar masyarakat Dayak di Kalimantan Barat, Selatan dan Timur telah kembali kepada Islam. Namun sebahagian besar dari kelompok pribumi bukan Melayu lainnya masih kekal animisma.  Akibatnya, kalangan pribumi animisma ini atas faktor beda agama menyebabkan mereka mulai hijerah ke kawasan pedalaman sebagai jalan untuk mengelak kemunkinan pertelingkahan adat budaya dan agama. Pergerakkan hijerah puak pribumi bukan Melayu ini pastinya lebih menyansang arus sungai, berbanding dengan masyarakat Melayu yang memilih jalan laut sebagai jalur sebaran mereka. Pola hijerah dan taburan penempatan yang terpisah jelas ini, kekal sehingga kini. Keadaan ini, menjadikan penduduk pribumi bukan Melayu tersisih di pedalaman sedang masyarakat Melayu dan pribumi Islam lainnya (yang akhirnya meresap sebagai Melayu) lebih berbaur dengan segala masyarakat lain seperti Cina, India, Arab dan malah Barat membentuk pusat-pusat kota yang lebih maju. Keadaan ini, sehingga kini membedakan pola pembangunan di kalangan kelompok-kelompok ini.

(5) Kini ditokok oleh kemodenan, apa lagi akibat kelongaran dalam amalan susila budaya murni silam, para etnik di Sarawak kian jauh terpisah khasnya dari segi struktur sosialnya. Kita sedang menuju ke arah individualisma. Masyarakat ie rakyat dan Negeri adalah perkara terakhir yang kian banyak pihak perlu fikirkan. Tekanan ekonomi, sosial dan keagamaan kian memisahkan mencipta jurang hebat antara kita. Dengan kemasukan budaya politik tidak rasional dan tamak, kian memecah belahkan masyarakat yang sudah retak menanti belah. Akibatnya, rasa tidak puas hati sebilangan rakyat telah dipiutar belit sehingga terlahir slogan dan laungan Sarawak for Sarawak atau singkatnya S4S.

(6) Asalnya, tuntutan S4S adalah laungan DAP agar Sarawak berdiri merdeka dan bebas dari cengkaman Kuala Lumpur. Kenapa DAP ingin Sarawak merdeka? Jawaban nya mudah. Pertama-tama lantaran Sistem Pendidikan Dualisma Negara. Sistem pendidikan kita yang pincang, tidak menyatukan rakyat. Kedua, masyarakat Cina adalah masyarakat perdagangan dan industri. Tabii kalangan ini di mana-mana adalah mereka mahu bebas dalam melakukan apapun tanpa ikatan undang-undang yang ketat. Di Malaysia, kelompok ini perlu bersusah payah untuk menjadi kalangan perdagangan dan perindustrian berjaya. Melayu yang menguasai pentadbiran Negara dilihat sebagai penghadang kepada kebebasan yang mereka kehendaki. Maka untuk bebas merdeka, mereka mahu agar tidak terikat dengan sistem pentabdiran Melayu yang menghadang. Ketiga, dalam dunia kian menjadi sempit dari segi perdagangan, dengan perubahan sikap para pentadbir Melayu yang gemarkan rasuah, ini dilihat oleh kalangan pedagang dan industri Cina sebagai unwanted societies in my neighborhood. Sebaran amalan rasuah di kalangan para pentadbir Melayu telah menjadikan belanja untuk berdagang dan membina industri di Malaysia kian menjadi mahal dan payah. Tambahan DAP yang bercita-cita untuk mengembangkan pemerintahannya ke luar dari Pulau Pinang merasa tertekan dengan sikap Kerajaan Negeri dan Persekutuan (yang didokong Melayu) yang mengunakan kuasa Immigresen untuk menyekat mereka dari bebas berpolitik di Sarawak. Keresahan mereka kemudian diperkongsi oleh PKR dan PAS. Akibatnya, DAP dan PKR bergabung menyuarakan S4S sebagai helah mainan politik untuk kebebasan (@ kemerdekaan) Sarawak.

(7) Di sisi lain, lantaran pada masa lalu Kerajaan Negeri (GOS) dan Persekutuan (GOM) adalah didokong kuat oleh kaum Melayu, maka S4S telah diputar belit menjadi sesuatu yang berbau anti-Melayu. Bahkan kemudian telah ditakrif sebagai gerakan memerbahayakan kedudukan Melayu. BN yang arif dengan kaedah perang saraf Pasukan Keselamatan kita dalam memerangi Komunis, telah dengan bijak menggunakan kaedah yang sama dalam berpolitik. Malangnya, lantaran ketaksuban rakyat, permainan ini dijadikan lagu rasmi politik perkauman Negara. Namun bilamana BN telah tumbang, S4S sekali lagi diputar belit menjadi gerakkan Assabiyah Kenegerian. Politik tidak matang, tidak rasional dan tamak telah memutar belit banyak perkara sehingga menjadi medan kecelaruan dan kekerohan rakyat. Rakyat dihantui politik menakut-nakutkan agar mereka kekal dicucuk hidung, agar mudah diheret ke mana saja. "Ikan mudah dijala di air yang keruh" sebegitulah mainan politik kita selama ini.

(8)  Sesungguhnya, pola pembangunan di antara (inter racial) kaum pribumi di Sarawak tidak banyak bedanya. Golongan Melayu, yang rata-rata saya hitungkan sekitar 60-70 peratus "urbanised and pheriurban", masih kekal relatif rendah dan payah taraf hidup mereka. Dilihat pada gaya, mereka tampak jelas bergaya. Cuma cuba lihat pada kekuatan ekonomi mereka, saya yakin gaya tidak mengambarkan keupayaan sebenar ekonomi mereka. Saya yakin, Melayu adalah golongan yang sangat banyak hutang. Domestic Debt Melayu sangat mengerunkan. Jika dibuat bancian, saya yakin Melayu bandar punya hutang perumahan, hutang kenderaan, hutang perkakasan rumah, hutang kad kredit, bahkan segala macam hutang yang tak ketentuan. Di luar bandar, masyarakat Melayu juga terbeban dengan hutang kenderaan, hutang YAKIN, YAPEIM, TEKUN, AIM dsb, dan paling banyak saya kira berhutang dengan peniaga Pakistan. Tahap hutang individu Melayu saya kira jauh lebih parah dari Hutang Negara. Melayu di bandar atau pinggir bandar, biarpun mereka mungkin boleh mendapatkan khidmat kemodenan yang sedikit agak meluas, namun dari segi keupayaan untuk mendapatkan khidmat terbaik adalah sangat terbatas. In kerana, rata-rata struktur pekerjaan mereka adalah masih bersifat "kuli". Di Kampung-kampung, golongan ini masih banyak tersisih dan terpinggir. Kehidupan mereka belum sangat berubah dari tahun-tahun 1970an. Silapnya di mana? Hakikatnya, Melayu telah salah cara dalam mengurus Melayu itu sendiri.

(9) Sejak 1990an, kaum pribumi bukan Melayu, lantaran perubahan demografi dan tekanan hidup di luar bandar yang payah, kian banyak hijerah ke kota-kota seperti Kuching, Sibu, Bintulu dan Miri. Mereka seperti kalangan Melayu di awal 1960an, kini sedang bergelut di kawasan-kawasan setinggan, perumahan murah malah kolong-kolong. Jika diamati betul-betul, sektor-sektor yang dahulu dikuasai oleh orang-orang Melayu, kini kian diambilalih oleh mereka ini. Kehidupan mereka yang tertinggal di luar bandar, tetap sama terpencil dan terasing seperti kalangan Melayu luar bandar.

(9) Jika golongan pribumi bukan Melayu mendokong S4S bawaan DAP, bukanlah kerana mereka sebenar-benarnya mendokong. Sebetulnya, saya yakin DAP juga tidaklah bersungguh-sungguh tentang S4S Sarawak Merdeka. Semua hanya mahu penyisihan kehidupan mereka mendapat perhatian. Mereka ingin "merdeka" untuk bebas menentukan nasib sendiri di tangan mereka sendiri. Pokoknya, mereka inginkan untung nasib masa depan yang lebih baik dan terjamin. Sama juga bila kalangan Melayu merasa takut akan S4S. Mereka bukan takut untuk bebas merdeka. Mereka hanya tidak pasti tentang masa depan mereka. Pokoknya, semua terkait dengan nasib masa depan masing-masing. Namun biar semua inginkan masa depan yang baik, tetapi kenapa memilih dua jalan yang berbeda? Satu berjuang demi S4S untuk merdeka. Di sisi lain, menolak S4S.

(10) Bagi saya S4S boleh saja menjadi sesuatu yang terbaik buat Sarawak. Namun bagaimana konsep dan intipatinya, itu harus kita orang Sarawak rumus serta laksanakan dengan penuh bijaksana. In Shaa Allah akan saya sentuh kemudiannya.

(11) Yang ketara sangat berbeda struktur sosial kehidupan adalah antara pribumi dan masyarakat dagang-industri Cina. Seperti kebiasaan di seluruh Nusantara, masyarakat dagang-industri Cina mempunyai status sosio-ekonomi yang jauh lebih menjulang dari kaum pribumi. Mereka rata-rata menguasai 40-60 peratus dari kekayaan Negara masing-masing biar jumlah mereka mungkin cuma 10-30 peratus dari penduduk asli Negara berkenaan. Perhatilah, di mana-mana, samaada di Thailand, Kemboja, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar dan apa lagi di Malaysia, Filipina dan Indonesia, kelompok perdagangan dan industri Cina pasti jauh lebih maju dari kalangan pribumi. Mungkin sedikit agak berbeda di Brunei, namun sebegitu tetap kaum Cina jauh lebih ke depan dalam banyak hal. Sesungguhnya, peradaban China yang 5,000 tahun atau lebih ke depan dari kita, meletakkan mereka berada dalam keadaan lebih advantage dari kaum pribumi Nusantara amnya dan Sarawak khasnya. Temadun China Yang Tze telah wujud sejak 3,000-4,000 SM. China telah berdagang dengan India, Farsi, Mesir dan Eropah sekitar 3,000-4,000 tahun lebih awal dari Melayu. Seperti juga kaum Yahudi yang menerima Taurah dan Zabur 2,000-3,000 tahun lebih awal dari Arab, maka pastinya mereka berpunya ilmu yang jauh lebih ke depan dari bangsa Arab malah Barat (Nasrani). Keilmuan awal mereka meletakkan keilmuan berdagang dan industri jauh ke depan dari kita dalam apa hal sekalipun. Perkara ini, telah Allah perakukan di dalam Al Quran.

(12) Masyarakat dagang-industri Cina mula memasuki Sarawak sebagai boroh kasar di sektor-sektor industri terutama perlombongan dan perladangan. Lombong emas dan antimoni di Bau, saya kira adalah permulaan kepada kedatangan boroh dan industri Cina ke Sarawak. Kemudian, dengan Brooke mengusahakan perkebunan lada hitam, gambir dan ladang getah di Samarahan (Dahan), Matang dan Sg Cina, maka lebih banyak lagi boroh Cina dibawa masuk. Di 1930an, dengan perkembangan indusri sagu dan pembalakan, maka lebih banyak boroh dan pengusaha Cina di bawa masuk ke daerah-daerah persisiran. Pada 1841, penduduk asli Sarawak hanyalah sekitar 8,000 orang. Following various immigration schemes initiated by the Rajahs, the population increased to 150,000 in 1848, 300,000 in 1893, 475,000 in 1933, and 600,000 in 1945. Boroh-boroh ini mudah didisiplin dan dikawal berbanding anak-anak watan. Maka dengan perkembangan sektor industri, maka semakin ramai mereka dibawa masuk untuk mengusaha perusahaan Brooke (dan British kemudiannya). Brooke memperkuda boroh dan usahawan Cina dalam dagangan luar negara. Ada simbiosis kukuh antara Brooke dan masyarakat Cina ini. Makanya, masyarakat Cina terus merdeka dominen dalam urusan perdaganagn dan industri. Sedang di sisi lain, Brooke "memerdekakan" kelompok pribumi untuk berbuat apa mereka mahu secara tradisi. Oleh itu, di zaman Brooke, masyarakat pribumi Sarawak kian terasing dari segi sistem ekonomi terbuka dan keusahawanan komersil. Kaum pribumi bukan Melayu, tersisih dengan budaya saradiri di pedalaman; dan sebilangan masyarakat Melayu pula meresap secara merangkak ke dalam sistem pentadbiran dan ekonomi moden yang terhad. Brooke membina Sistem Ekonomi Dikotomi di Sarawak antara Pribumi dan Cina. Dalam kalangan pribumi, Brooke juga memisahkan mereka secara licik ke dalam Dual Traditional Systems yang terpisah. Melayu dalam sokongan pentadbiran, Pribumi lain kekal dalam Sistem Pertanian Saradiri. Inilah sistem ekonomi "harmoni" ciptaan Brooke (1841-1941) lalu kemudian diwarisi oleh Kerajaan Sarawak Merdeka (1963-2018). Saya berani mengatakan lantaran rakyat hidup "harmoni" sejak Brooke dengan segala sistem yang ada, maka Kerajaan Sarawak merdeka terus saja menerima pakai sistem Brooke tanpa perubahan ketara.

(13) Masa berlalu. Sistem pendidikan kita merubah demografi secara berkesan. Rakyat kini mulai merasa banyak ketimpangan. Mereka melihat ketimpangan ini adalah bersebabkan Melayu. Sebetulnya Melayu hanyalah sekadar kambing hitam. Kenapa Melayu jadi kambing hitam? Sebabnya mudah, lantaran Melayu menjadi tulang belakang segala sistem pentadbiran Negara. Rakyat yang kurang pertimbangan rasional akibat permaian politik tamak banyak pihak, menerima tohmahan itu sebegitu. Adakah benar Melayu yang menyebabkan kepincangan itu, atau Melayu hanya kuda tunggangan dalam membina segala kepincangan itu? Sebilangan rakyat Sarawak, dalam kegairahan S4S, seperti ingin kembali ke zaman Brooke. Mengikut mereka, Brooke memberikan kebebasan kepada rakyat untuk berbuat apapun. Ratusan ribu boroh Cina Brooke bawa masuk, biar mereka hanyalah bertaraf boroh, namun kehidupan dan masa depan mereka di Sarawak jauh lebih baik daripada tempat asal mereka di China. Mereka bebas berdagang dan menceburi segala bidang industri. Saya melihat, Brooke memberikan mereka kebebasan lantaran dagangan dan perusahaan yang diusahakan oleh kaum Cina ini adalah sumber bagi kekayaan Kerajaan Brooke. Sebegitu juga kalangan pribumi bukan Melayu, mereka berasa aman dan sejahtera di zaman Brooke lantaran mereka boleh meneroka hutan secara berleluasa tanpa batas. Masyarakat Melayu pula, berasa lebih baik di zaman Brooke lantaran kedudukan perabangan mereka sangat terjamin di dalam sistem pentadbiran Brooke. Brooke seperti masih menjadi idola rakyat Sarawak lantaran "legasi" kemakmuran dan keamanan semua kaum pada waktu itu. Saya yakin, analisa "legasi picek" inilah yang menjadi sentimen pelbagai kaum dalam memperjuangkan S4S kini.

(14) Kini perjuangan S4S banyak pihak adalah sangat dibauri dengan keinginan untuk Sarawak kembali Merdeka, bertunjangkan "keharmonian dan kebebasan" rakyat seperti asalnya semasa Brooke. Banyak pihak di Sarawak kini sedang melihat Malaysia telah gagal dalam mencapai matlamat asalnya menjadikan semua wilayahnya makmur sejahtera. Lantaran itu, maka Sarawak harus kembali merdeka. Saya kira itu adalah suatu political fallacy semata-mata jika bukan sebuah sandiwara politik murahan semasa. Namun jika kewarasan fikiran dapat dikembangkan baik, merdeka bukan kehendak sebenar rakyat. Merdeka hanyalah wadah. Tuntutan sebenar rakyat adalah keadilan ekonomi dan sosial.

(15) DAP seperti sangat berjaya dalam menanamkan konsep S4S. S4S DAP meresap kuat ke dalam kaum Cina, khasnya di kalangan peniaga kecil dan Cina luar bandar. SUPP parti Cina yang dominen, bungkam dibaham DAP lewat S4S. Kenapa? Jawabnya mudah, selama dalam pemerintahan BN, hanya segelintir Cina telah mendapat segala peluang dan ruang dalam menguasai ekonomi Sarawak. Segelintir Cina ini, kebanyakan mempunyai association dengan "Melayu" atasan. Biar saya namakan segelintir Cina ini sebagai "Cina Kapitalis". Inilah kalangan yang menguasai ekonomi Negara dan Negeri. Fenomena ini sama dengan keadaan Gerakan dan UMNO di Pulau Pinang, MCA-UMNO di Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan dan Melaka. Malangnya, lantaran itu, Melayu dilihat sebagai punca ketidakadilan dalam sistem ekonomi Negara. Hakikatnya, DAP sedang mengaut ketidakpuas hatian masyarakat Cina kebanyakan yang terus tertekan dengan hadirnya segelintir Cina kapitalis. Cina-Cina Kapitalis yang didokong "Melayu Kapiltalis" ini, menjadi terlalu tamak sehingga segala-gala mereka kuasai. Paling ketara di sektor peruncitan yang sebelumnya dikuasai oleh Cina-Cina kebanyakan, sedang mati akibat wujudnya gedung-gedung pasaraya milik Cina-Cina Kapilatis. DAP memandang Cina-Cina Kapitalis ini sebagai musuh kepada perniaga-peniaga kecil Cina lainnya. Maka untuk menghancurkan Cina-Cina Kapitalis ini, "Melayu" yang menjadi pendokong utama mereka juga harus "dihapuskan". Dalam ertikata lain, gerakkan DAP adalah lebih bersifat "anti-ketidakadilan dalam perdagangan dan industri". Nada mereka adalah nada sosialis jika bukan komunis. Sebegitulah akhirnya DAP dinobatkan oleh terutamanya "Melayu Kapitalis' sebagai suapan kepada Melayu kebanyakan untuk terus mendokong mereka.

(16) Di Sarawak, DAP perlu bekerja rapat dengan PKR dalam memasarkan konsep S4S mereka kepada kalangan pribumi. Nadanya tetap sama, biar bidang yang diketengahkan sedikit berbeza. GOS digambarkan sebagai kuasa yang menghakis kepemilikan tanah NCR di kalangan pribumi Sarawak bilamana GOS secara meluas memberikan tanah perladangan kepada "Kapitalis Cina" dan sekelompok "Kapitalis Melayu". DAP dan PKR memainkan lagu, "GOS menyingkir dan membunuh petani-petani kecil". Gagasan ini ada benar dan ada salahnya. Kejayaan DAP dan PKR untuk memaksa Taib turun pada 2013 dilihat sebagai titik permulaan untuk DAP + PKR untuk membangun Kerajaan Baru Sarawak. ditokok dengan kemenangan PH serta beberapa kemajuan PH dalam menguasai kerusi-kerusi Parlimen Sarawak, kini telah dijadikan azimat untuk DAP + PKR di dalam PRN 2021 nanti.

(17) Dalam memperjuangkan S4S, agar ianya lebih laris di kalangan pribumi bukan Melayu dan Melayu, pendokong idea ini sedang bermain dengan strategi cukup licik iaitu dengan bermain sentimen "Legasi Sarawak Merdeka". Brooke "memerdekakan Sarawak" di sepanjang pemerintahanya. Sebagai sebuah "Negara Merdeka" rakyat Sarawak di zamannya punya kebebasan untuk berbuat apapun. Sarawak sedang dijual sebagai sebuah "Negara Merdeka" sebelum pembentukan Malaysia. Amerika pada 1850 dan British pada 1864 iaitu sekitar 100 tahun sebelum pembentukan Malaysia telah mengiktiraf Sarawak sebagai "Negara Merdeka". Apa tujuan mereka? Dari sudut bahasa diplomatik, Sarawak merdeka, namun dari sudut lain, ianyalah adalah pengiktirafan bahawa Brunei tiada kuasa lagi ke atas Sarawak dan Sarawak kini milik penuh Brooke.  Brooke akan menjadi wakil dalam menjaga kepentingan Amerika dan British di timur jauh ini. Kita "merdeka" dari Brunei, namun kita terjajah oleh Brooke yang berupa proxy Amerika dan British. Sebegitulah putar belit sejarah yang kita harus berhati-hati.

(18) Saya bukan menidakkan "legasi" Brooke. Namun, legasi Brooke hanya terpakai pada waktunya. Biarpun Brooke telah berjaya "memakmur dan mengamankan Sarawak" namun, terbukti keturunan beliau selanjutnya gagal sehingga perlu menyerahkan Sarawak kepada British pada 1 July 1946. Brooke pada hakikatnya hanya "membina keamanan di Sarawak". Sebelum Brooke, lantaran kerana cukai serta tadbirurus Kesultanan Brunei yang tidak cekap, rakyat sering bergolak sesama sendiri. Hakikatnya, Brooke tidak membawa kemakmuran kepada Sarawak.  Kekayaan yang pedagang dan industri Cina bina di Sarawak, tidak seluruhnya Brooke reinvest di Sarawak. Sarawak kekal miskin lantaran WII itu satu hal. Kudrat Allah, melalui Jepun, Sarawak bebas dari Brooke lalu kemudian British. Mungkin ramai rakyat Sarawak kini tidak mahu bersusah payah cuba memahami kudrat Allah ini. Namun sebagai Melayu dan Muslim, kita tidak boleh menidakkan bahawa apapun yang terjadi adalah tidak tanpa ketentuan Allah. Allah cuba menjelaskan hikmahNya jika kita mampu memikirkannya secara adil. Masyarakat Melayu Sarawak harus boleh menoleh dan meneliti hikmah Allah kenapa Buddha, Hindu, Brunei, Sambas, Temasik, Brooke, Jepun malah British gagal mengurus Sarawak secara beterusan sehingga kini. Kita juga harus boleh menoleh kenapa Sarawak Merdeka juga gagal mengurus Sarawak. Kini, mungkin bahang kegagalan Malaysia kian terasa maka kita rakyat Sarawak seperti sedang tercari-cari jalan mana yang kita pilih. S4S kita temukan, namun S4S yang diusulkan seperti belum serasi dengan seluruh rakyat Sarawak. Konsep S4S yang ada hanyalah senjata jangka pendek untuk "merampas kuasa". S4S yang ada bukanlah suatu konsep politik dan pentadbiran untuk memperbaiki segala kepincangan yang ada.

(19) Sebelum saya memberikan pandangan kemungkinan S4S yang terbaik untuk Sarawak, terlebih dahulu saya ingin neutralise pandangan bahawa Melayu telah "khianat" dalam mengurus Sarawak. Melayu, seperti saya katakan hanyalah "mangsa keadaan dan atau kuda tunggangan". Kelompok kecil "Kapitalis Melayu" yang menguasai pentadbiran Kerajaan telah gagal, maka janganlah keseluruhan Melayu dipersalahkan. Saya tidak ada masalah jika Melayu dipertanggongjawabkan. Melayu boleh saja dipertanggongjawabkan lantaran sikap 'buta tuli mereka" terus mendokong segelintir "Kapitalis Melayu" untuk memperkuda mereka. Walaubagimanapun, cuba juga perhatikan, bukankah sejak merdeka, yang bersama "Kapitalis Melayu" dalam mengurus segala sistem Negara dan Negeri adalah Cina, India, Dayak, dan Kedazan-Dusun. Dalam GOM dan dalam GOS, semua kaum ada. Jika Melayu gagal, maka kelompok ini yang bersama "Kapitalis Melayu" harus juga disorot juga bertanggongjawab bersama. Sememangnya Melayu dominan. Dominan Melayu tidak menjadikan mereka berkuasa penuh. Cuba lihat dalam kepayahan kini, tetap Melayu turut dominan dalam kesusahan. Seharusnya, Melayu dominan berjaya, lantaran mereka "dominan" berkuasa. Tetapi biar Melayu dominan dalam sistem pengurusan Negara, tetap Melayu dominan payah. Maka persoalannya bukanlah Melayu. Melayu hanyalah kambing hitam. Persoalannya adalah sistem; struktur sistem dan perjalalanan sistem. Sistem ini yang harus kita perbetulkan secara bersama. Maka dalam uasaha untuk merombak dan menyusun semula sistem yang ada, dalam laungan reformasi, Melayu tidak boleh disisihkan. Negara dan Negeri akan kacau bercelaru hebat jika ada usaha-usaha menyisihkan Melayu. Kaum apapun jangan disisihkan. Kehadiran semua kaum di bumi kita ini adalah atas kehendak Allah. Kita terima itu sebegitu dan kita secara adil harus meraikan hikmahNya. Maka jalan terbaik adalah merangkumkan semua kaum di Negara dan Negeri ini dalam kita merombak dan menyususun semula segala sistem yang ada. Reformasi dan transformasi Negeri dan Negara harus sekarang tidak boleh dilihat dari sudut sempit perkauman tetapi dalam sudut menyeluruh kepentingan semua pihak.

(20) Oleh yang sedemikian S4S yang paling sesuai untuk Sarawak, bukanlah S4S Sarawak Merdeka DAP, bukan juga S4S PKR, dan bukan juga S4S GPS. S4S bawaan pelbagai pihak kini adalah S4S sempit politik tamak. Saya berkira, S4S yang sesuai untuk Sarawak adalah dengan mengambil apa yang tersirat di sebalik "legasi Brooke". Rakyat Sarawak pernah memberontak menentang Kesultanan Brunei. Rakyat Sarawak juga tidak setuju diserah kepada British. Rakyat Sarawak tidak setuju dengan Jepun. Kita tidak setuju dengan gagasan Indonesia Raya. Kita setuju dalam samar terhadap gagasan Malaysia. Ada "sentimen" tersirat di balik "Legasi Brooke dan Malaysia" yang mungkin kita harus baca. Saya yakin, Allah punya hikmah tersembunyi yang kita tidak dapat tangkap dengan jelas di balik "legasi Brooke dan Malaysia" yang telah dan sedang kita lalui. Saya melihat, di zaman Brooke, Sarawak aman. Di awal Malaysia, kita juga dalam aman damai. Lewat boroh Cina, dan para boroh Cina ini, mereka kian makmur di zaman Brooke. Mereka bebas melakukan apa saja asal mereka membayar cukai serta membiarkan dagangan luar kepada Brooke. Sebegitu juga kalangan pribumi. Mereka bebas untuk hidup. Itu dalam keadaan rakyat Sarawak baru dalam angka 8,000 (1841)-600,000 (1941) orang. Sama keadaannya di awalan dalam Malaysia. Kini penduduk Sarawak sudah mencecah 3,200,000 orang iaitu 500 perastus lebih dari masa Brookes, maka segala-galanya telah berubah dan perlu berubah. Maka pokoknya, kehendak rakyat kini dalam soal keamanan (keharmonian) dan kemakmuran (kesejahteraan) adalah jauh berbeza dari di zaman Brooke dan awalan Malaysia. Akibat kejayaan kita dalam memberikan pendidikan kepada rakyat, mereka kini mahukan lebih banyak penyertaan participation dalam hal-hal kepentingan masa depan mereka.

(21) Berteraskan andaian keresahan dan keperluan semasa rakyat, saya bertanggapan S4S yang perlu kita pegang adalah membina rakyat dan Negeri Sarawak sejahtera dalam Negara Malaysia yang bersatu padu . Untuk mencapai itu, jalan yang terang Allah telah tunjukkan adalah lewat keadilan. Negeri dan Negara ini perlu dibina pada landasan keadilan seperti yang Islam tuntut dan tunjukkan. Keadilan di dalam Islam tidak meminggirkan apa dan siapapun. Semua diberikan peluang dan ruang yang terhak baginya. Mahathir Mohammed Allah anugerahkan haknya. Lim Kit Siang juga Allah lunasi haknya. Gajah, buaya, ayam, tiku, cacing, dan viruspun Allah tetap lunasi hak-hak mereka dengan penuh keadilan. Lantaran Allah menjaga keadilan, maka cakrawala kita kekal mantap saban ketika. Di dalam Islam, Kristian, malah Yahudi, keadilan adalah teras agama. Hanya keadilan yang boleh membawa seluruh umat manusia sejahtera bersama.

(22) Maka S4S, mungkin wajar saja kita tukar menjadi Sarawak untuk Sarawak, SUS. Allah jelas dalam pernyataanNya bahawa Dia sengaja menjadikan kepelbagaian sebagai teras penciptaanNya. Semua agar saling mendokong dan menafaatkan. Maka tidak salah kita rakyat Sarawak bertekad mempunyai ciri-ciri mulia tersendiri. Ciri-ciri mulia kita harus terbina dari nilai-nilai teras Islam dan agama-agama lain anutan rakyat Sarawak. Kita raikan kebersamaan. Kita amalkan perbezaan pada hak masing-masing tanpa perlu mengugat pihak lain. Jika S4S punya niat untuk penyisihan, maka kita padam saja S4S itu. Biar Sarawak untuk Sarawak, SUS di mana sifat-sifat bersama adil inclusively just menjadi teras budaya dan sistem kita. Apakah yang adil dan terhak untuk semua di Sarawak, saya tidak perlu mengulas panjang lantaran sejak awal 1990an, Taib Mahmud telah menubuhkan Yayasan Budaya setiap kaum bagi memikirkan apa terbaik untuk kaum masing-masing. Maka SUS seharusnya berusaha keras dalam mengembeling dan menyepadukan semua pandangan itu untuk menjadi teras disiplin politik dan pengurusan Negeri kita. Siapa yang boleh berbuat sebegitu, itulah kelompok yang seharusnya rakyat Sarawak berikan mandat untuk mengurus Negeri ini.

(23) Allah telah tunjukkan. Di kurun ke 14, British telah menguasai hampir ke seluruh dunia. Macao, Hong Kong, Singapura, Pulau Pinang, bahkan seluruh Malaya, Mynamar, India, New Zealand, Australia bahkan Amerika dsb semua pernah terjajah British. Cuba lihat kebijakasaan Allah, apakah semua mereka ini kekal sebagai British? Tidak. Maka apakah kita tidak boleh mengambil iktibar di atas kebijakasaan Allah ini? Sarawak boleh menjadi unik dan kendiri dalam gagasan Malaysia lewat Sarawak Untuk Sarawak (SUS) yang semua pihak duduk dan perakukan bersama. Kenapa DAP, PKR, GPS (kini Amanah dan Berastu) harus bersifat tamak, tidak mahu duduk bersama membina Sarawak Untuk Sarawak. Jika ada antara mereka tidak mahu bersama sebegitu, rakyat Sarawak harus mengenepikan mereka. bagi saya, GPS perlu mengambil sikap terbuka untuk membawa semua bersama dalam membina Sarawak untuk Sarawak (SUS).

Kuching, Sarawak
1-11 Janurai, 2019

          2/9/18 MAKING KUCHING TRULY THE CITY OF BORNEO .....exploring on New GOM-GOS working framework.      Cache   Translate Page      
Worldwide, especially with the hungry Chinese and not wanting to be left India (later Brazil), in the next 5-10 years the world economic development will be very interesting to observe. The West due to their Capitalism Hunger is rampaging the oil rich Middle East and North Africa. Despite so, UAE with Dubai as its pillar is pulling away from the traditional Arabs norms and now is among the most busiest and prosperous trading place on earth. Accordingly, Istanbul due to the American hegemony actions may do better with the help of Russia and Iran (and possible China) and thus may reshape the future role and position of the America and the West. Nonetheless right here at home, due to prolong greed in our governing system, Malaysia as a whole and Sarawak in particular, is in great financial distress that warrant us to be much strategic and bold in our action. Herewith, I'm proposing something that we can look at as potential means to take us out of such distress and as well as to position ourselves better in this 21st century regional economic regatta. How could Sarawak; Kuching in particular can help to raise the whole Borneo, to the extend by 2050, Borneo collectively will turn to be the next World Economic Power. Let start with a vision of making Kuching the City of Borneo.

(2) The key economic issue facing Sarawak that I foresee now is that our economy may be moving to diminishing if not stagnation or digressing.  Sarawak all these while had been resources-based economic driven. Unfortunately the global demand over our resources is either moving to stagnation or down dwindling. Timber, oil palm, rubber, pepper and petroleum production, demand and pricing are no more to our advantage. Worst, Sarawak had not work hard enough to restructure her economic base to the form that keep her to a fore running position. We had not been smart and daring enough to push our economy in the forefront of others. Since 1960s to this end, we are still keeping to the traditional harvesting the natural economic endowment. We had not graduated beyond nature based economy. In this article, I'm focusing onto making Kuching urban setting to be internationalized as a meant to nurture healthy living of her population and Sarawak economic growth vis-a-vis all other regional development proposals that I had earlier written which among them are:  (1) http://abchek.blogspot.com/2009/06/5609-sarawak-economic-development-model.html?m=1 (2) http://abchek.blogspot.com/2016/09/1916-let-work-on-basin-based-devt-thats.html?m=1 (3) http://abchek.blogspot.com/2010/05/8510-model-ekonomi-desa-med.html?m=1 (4) http://abchek.blogspot.com/2017/09/2917-sarawak-digital-economy.html?m=1

(3) If the Bible (not clearly said in the case of the  Al Quran) narrative of the descendant of Eve and Adam was correct, one would wonder why did Allah sent Eve to Becca while Adam to India. Adam to India be it in Ceylon or Himalaya, such places were with better endowment as compared to Becca of the Arabia. I'll skip my speculation over the reason for the place(s) of descending of Adam, but let have a look at Becca the place of landing for Eve. Definitely, there are many perspectives for such choice by Allah. But in the case of Becca, let me try to lead readers to just one aspect of probably the numerous perspectives that we could explore. We can't exactly say, when did Adam and Eve descent to earth. Probably hundreds of thousands if not millions of years before. Even 1,400 years ago, there was nothing in Becca as compared to today Human Civilization Standard. Becca even 1,400 years ago was just barren desert with pockets of oasis. Eve, upon her landing, she might had been placed among those cavity-hills with the oasis for her basic survival needs. My such presumption is based on  an inferring to the lives of Hajar and Ismael upon their seclusion in Mecca by Abraham. Saie, which being said was the wandering of Hajar between Mt Marwan and Saffa,  I would believe must be the nature that happened to Eve at time of her isolation. She must had been made to wander just as Saie of Hajar before the coming of Adam. As Allah saying "Nothing that He did is without reason" thus my strongest predicament of the Hajar-Ismael fate in Abraham family squabble is an inference for His mahluk of all times. Thus for the case of Eve, then followed by Hajar-Ismael, why did Allah chosen Becca as their place of "exile"? Why did Adam and thus Abraham had a better place of "stay" as compared to their spouses?

(4) Eve and Hajar were the great mothers' of the mankind. Why indeed, the "harsh" treatment were imposed upon them, as compared to their men? Why not in the first place, Adam and Eve be landing together at the same place, say in the comfortable Mediterranean. Accordingly, why did Abraham need to send Hajar and Ismael to Mecca (Becca), a faraway place from Palestine where he and Sarah-Jacob were residing. Can't he just kept them in the nearby neighborhood? What indeed Allah signaling over all these for the good of mankind?

(5) In particular, what do all these have to do with Kuching and more important to transform Kuching into the Truly City of Borneo (CoB)? Firstly, I want to suggest the solution on how to make our economy to be better through urban development. Urbanize development is a must to take ourselves to a better state of being. Urbanize development has always been the better economic of scale for agglomeration of most of the human needs. If one cares, one could follow such wisdom of Allah through His creation of the olden days civilization be it in Nile, Euphrates, Ganges and Yang Tze. Old days Civilization started from the rivers (water). The original Sarawak and later Kuching, it started with the Sarawak river. For such reasons, for Sarawak, I'm focusing to Kuching as the potential for a conceptual better urban development. As per today, our economy is in distress. There seem to be some form of stagnation is happening. Structurally, we are coming to the Zero Sum Game of the economy. We seem to be meeting our economic plateau point by reason there are sectors that is cancelling the positive effect of the others. Definitely growth is there, but not really a healthy prospering growth to all. Unemployment among our graduates is high and even if they are employed, their salary doesn't commensurate with their academic qualification. The same applies to the rest of the population. People are unable to cope with the ever rising cost of living due to faster rising of cost of living as compared to net income growth.  Even if we look into the whole of Borneo, the third largest island in the world after Greenland and Papua New Guinea, with huge natural resources, we are still in the state of the Lower Third World hierarchy. Thus as I had said many times, we must take serious note or lesson from how Allah manage things as a clue to resolve our problem and improve ourselves. So much so, the best city development progression and purposes should emulate from His design and rationales.  Thus, I'm looking at Kuching vis-a-vis Mecca in my city development model thinking process. As Muslim, it is very ignorance if one can't see the beauty of Allah "wisdom's" in all of His creations. He placed Kaaba in Mecca and definitely by virtue of Mecca landscapes, He must be having great "wisdom" on how Mecca will evolve into a prosperous and harmonious city place that people could emulate all over despite its barren and isolated nature.

(6) Kuching comparatively to the early Mecca, there is nothing much there. Mecca was barren desert, and Kuching was peat and mangrove mudflat. Naturally both were barren places. One was with the least water endowment, while the later having too much. Secondly, both were least populated. Third, both were well isolated. Nonetheless Allah designed for these places was beyond human comprehension. Indeed there were so many the none feasible factors for Mecca and Kuching to be developed as a city far more to say a Centripetal City Place. Therefore, taking all these into a basket, there is no hope that Kuching should grow into the City of Borneo (CoB). But my belief is otherwise, for as I said, and as repeated in the Al Quran many times: "Nothing is created by Allah without its merit", thus there is nothing that Kuching couldn't emulate Mecca of the past to Mecca of today. With Mecca, indeed Allah wisdom is, there is nothing impossible if  one is determine and having passion and patience. Mecca was built from the ruble of the Kaaba by both Abraham and Ismael. From barren ruble, Mecca turns to be the World Largest Multi-Islamic Cultural Holly City, and In Shaa Allah it will forever expanding and evolving. Thus, Kuching can be developed into the City of Borneo, a City of Truly Borneo despite of all its handicaps just as the early Mecca.

(7) To me, from the way Mecca had evolved, from desert to thematic Multi-national Islamic Cultural City, Kuching could as well emulate such strategic wisdom ie to be developed along a strategic international theme. For such, based on its nature therefore my best presumption, Kuching could and must be developed into the City of Borneo.

(8) At time of Eve, Mecca was a one-person-city place. Today, Mecca has a permanent population of 1.53 millions but with at least 30-35 million visitors annually and it is growing probably at the rate of 3-5 percents a year. As an overall, Saudi Arabia is having 28.61 million population (2018), which means even deriving from the Pilgrimages, Saudi indeed should never having any economic or income issues in making the kingdom a prosperous and harmonious place to stay and visit. Indeed today Mecca should be a Multi-National Islamic Cultural City. There is no other city world-wide having such an aura, not even the Vatican City of Rome. No any other religion is now embraced by almost all of the world ethnics population, except Islam. Mecca initially was a focal City for almost all of the Arabs, Persian, African  and even Turks ethnicity and cultures. Today, indeed Mecca (and Madinah) is a City of Islamic Multi-Cultural setting, if politic is discounted from the making of the Saudi Arabia in general and Mecca-Madinah specifically. BaitulMuqaddis was the City that once having the aura of today Mecca, but Allah had made the Muslims to turn away from BaitulMuqaddis. In today City Planning sense, indeed as the doa by Abraham, the man whom revived Mecca (Kaaba) from ruble, "Oo Allah make this City a place of prosperity and harmony for all humankind", and so should it be to this days. Unfortunately the Saud had not made Mecca into Multi-National Islamic Cultural and Spiritual City. Indeed apart from its Islamic theological Central, Mecca for its original isolation is indeed a strength that Allah want us to uncover.  I presume, Allah may want us to see how Muslims should realise His saying "In diversity, you should celebrate for in its you will get to know each others" which to me, He wants us to see how the celebration of diversity could lead to unity, prosperity and harmony through justice.

(9) Now I will address the notion of the City of Borneo. Why Kuching? Why not Kota Kinabalu, Pontianak, Palangkaria, Banjar Masin, Balik Papan, Bandar Sri Bangawan (BSB), etc? Well surely, I admit it is all about vision. We must have a vision to place ourselves above others without making others worst off. Better off if our vision is meant for the good of all. I believe Sarawak ie Kuching can do it, so let get moving. While we are on our path to prosperity and harmony, so the rest must also be granted as such. Justice must be honored. Indeed my view, by making Kuching as the City of Borneo, such will be giving the phenomena of high tide raise all boats. I believe, KalBar, KalSel, and KalTeng will benefit from the making of Kuching CoB. Even Brunei, Sabah and KalTim would have the trickling effect at the later stage.

(10) City of Borneo, to my definition is a City that having the multi-cultural Borneo taste. Kuching should be made a place where the Bornean and the world could celebrate the multi-cultural and creativity of Borneo. It is a City of Borneo convergence. People, cultures, products and many others of Borneo should be there in Kuching for the world to celebrate. This is a City that is built over passing religious, racial, political, cultural and values differences. This is a City that resembles and appreciate the celebration of Allah created Tropical diversity. The tropical is green and important to the world for its content and celebration of diversity. Kuching must go along the same path of development.

(11) Definitely a vision must be grounded with all the strong backup rationales. What indeed are the solid advantages of Kuching over the others? Firstly let have a look at all the Borneo major cities. Bandar Sri Bangawan is well secluded due to its enclave by Malaysia. Its inland bound is very limited. Kota Kinabalu is far to the North. Again its inland connectivity to the rest of Borneo is limiting, though its international access is equally as good if not better than Kuching. Pontianak, Banjar Masin, and Balik Papan are southern bound coastal cities of Kalimantan. Their international access is limited through Jakarta. They are having international distance connectivity disadvantages. Thus from the spatial perspective, Kuching has the better international frontage either by land, sea and even air. Indeed Kuching has greater access to Indochina and Far East for the hinterland people and products of Borneo. Kuching is having greater hinterland networks and thus is having greater access to all the rich Borneo hinterland endowment. In 5-10 years time, Kuching is commanding the Central Place for Borneo. Building on this advantage, In Shaa Allah will amke Kuching sustainably in the fore front of the others.

(12) I'm postulating. Kuching is just about 40 miles from the Equatorial Line. The Equatorial Line crosses right through Pontianak, such makes it the Borneo Equator City. Kuching is just 40 miles North of the Equatorial Line plus its location toward the South China Sea, thus sunlight, humidity cloud cover, and wind nature of Kuching I would say is much challenging as compared to any other cities of Borneo. I believe Kuching is facing much challenging climatic regimes as compare to the others. In the electromagnetic sense, such is much tougher to address say as compared to lesser climatic problematic areas. These natural climatic challenges, if properly over come, I would predict, Kuching will give Borneo the best solution over Digital Communication environment. I presume, locational advantages and over coming climatic "challenges" is the best advantage for Kuching to be Borneo Digital Hub. Such advantage, gives Kuching the best digital communique positioning among others. Kuching can be made the Digital Gateway for the whole of Borneo.

(13) Borneo is a multi-cultural and religious region. The diverse culture and resources of Borneo given rise to multi-talents and creativity. All these could be celebrated at one place entity for ease of marketing and achieving the economic of scale. Kuching could take central role for such purposes.

(14) Accordingly, over the past 50-60 years, Kuching apart from BSB has the most socio-political stability as compared to the rest of Borneo cities. The multi-ethnicity of Sarawak had molded Kuching into a peaceful and harmony Administrative and Industrial City. The social balanced had kept Kuching to its peaceful and harmonious charisma. Such socio-political harmony of Kuching gives her the best asset to traject higher and faster from the rest of Borneo.

(15) With Kuching present locality advantages as centre for resources, cultural agglomeration and ICT Gateway potentials couple by its peaceful and harmonious sphere, thus I have a strong belief that Kuching can organise itself to be, first the Entre Port of Borneo, second Health, Educational, Arts and Cultural City, thirdly Industrial City, and fourthly Information Gateway of Borneo. Thus my scope of City of Borneo for Kuching covers the areas of International Trade, Tourism, Manufacturing and ICT Hub.

(16) Definitely, my spatial definition of Kuching CoB is stretching beyond the present Kuching. Indeed I'm looking at the space from Tg Dato in Lundu to as far as Tg Manis in Sarikei. No doubt, the present Kuching will be the core for Kuching CoB. Sematan, Lundu, Bau, Serian, Simunjan, Pusa and Tg Manis, I'm postulating as the metropolitan of Kuching CoB. Sematan, Pusa and Tg Manis need to be part and parcel of Kuching CoB for they are having the strengths to enhance the Natural Tourism facets, Bulking Port facilities and Industrial specialization. Sematan in Lundu and Sambas of KalBar are having great tourism potentials that could be developed so as to provide the synergy and economic of scale. Sematan-Bako Coastline and Serikin-Bau Limestone Hinterland offer great tourism opportunities development to the eastern of Kuching. Particularly the Tg Pok-Sematan Bay; the sandy and mangrove nature mixed of the coastline, is unique tourism feature of its own virtue. Accordingly, the rich fishing ground of Singkawang to Sematan sea area is a best gift by Allah for seafood loving population of the East. Nature and food-based tourism could be well place for the advancement of this region. The limestone hinterland of Lundu-Bau would provide the added Nature and Adventure type of tourism experiences.

(17) With the emergence of China as a rich State so much so, almost all Indochinese states vis Thailand, Chambodia, and Vietnam and even the Philippines are crazy in capturing their tourism demand. The Chinese-tourism is now dominated by the emergence of the effluent communities, so much so their liking is more toward built-up and high dense tourism activities. I have a strong believe, over time all these will fade away and people will be going back to healthy-nature-based tourism. Indeed Sarawak should now wisely capitalize the turning away of other parts of tourism-liking from the traditional Indochinese. We could build tourism heaven away from the Chinese craziness and thus capturing our own niche market.

(18) Pusa and Tg Manis, if well connected to Nanga Badau and Tebedu, they could play the great Bulking Export Points and Processing for KalBar, KalTeng and KalSel produces. Both Pusa and Tg Manis could be turned into Food and Food-based Industrial Centers with raw material be drawn form Kalimantan and as well as from the locals. A Bulking facilities could be explored in Pusa, Betong. I can foresee, Pusa can be developed into the Oleo-Chemical Industrial Hub to cater for Sarawak Southern Region, KalBar and KalTeng palm oil production. Accordingly, through proper strategic international arrangement trade between Malaysia and Indonesia, I can foresee, similar treatment for the KalBar and KalTeng forest and bulk mining produces. Pusa and Tg Manis can be the Industrial Centers for KalBar, KalTeng and KalSel produces. With such bulks export facilities be placed out of Kuching, not only will ease heavy vehicles from entering Kuching but most important, expansion for the down stream effects of such business will be better facilitated. Cheaper land for various other related development would be easily available. For long term urban sustainable development and as well as to position ourselves better into the regional food and food-based industrial development, I strongly suggest both Pusa and Tg Manis plus all the potential new growth center be well developed along the concept of green tropical cities.

(19) I'm thinking that we should be brave enough to look a the Tebedu-Pusa-Lubok Antu-Tg Manis as new growth coridor. The land in this corridor should be fully developed into multi-mixed agro-industrial source of raw material. Accordingly, infrastructural development and enhancement in the area would turn the area into strong economic hinterland for Kuching CoB. The Illustration provide to the left is my initial visualization of infrastructural development network for the region plus all the potential new growth areas that will spur from such initiatives. All these is needed to build a strong economic hinterland economies for the sustainable growth of Kuching. Most important, all these new growth centers would regulate the effect of immigration to Kuching. Kuching then could be well developed into Healthy Borneo Cultural City Center for it will be relieved of all unnecessary urban over crowding pressures.

(20) Indeed both Tebedu and Lubok Antu could be a great gateway for KalBar and KalTeng population and bulk produces. Inland Port facilities could be developed in these two places. What needed is for Sarawak to aggressively facilitate for such to happen. In this sense, Sarawak (and GOM) must have the courage to look at the bigger economic and mutual international gains from such facilitation. Infrastructure especially better road and probably bulk train access could be workout for the purposes. Indeed, the Tebedu-Pusa-Lubok Antu-Tg Manis corridor is having high potential for the advance oil palm and oleo-chemical industrial development if couple with those of KalBar. Accordingly, I can see Pontianak-Putu Sibau is best for the Kapuas International Ghost Ride Fiesta, from Vampire City (Pontianak) to Ghost Town (Lubok Antu) if we could take such seriously and creatively. Indeed good road network between Tebedu and Lubok Antu to Kuching will definitely facilitate for all the KalBar, KalTeng and KalSel arts and creativity inflow into Kuching, and thus making Kuchin a much prosperous and harmonious City of Borneo Cultural Celebration.

(21) Kuala Lumpur and Kuching should work on a best Spatial and Investment Plan on such an idea. Thereon GOM and GOS should work to the best arrangement on how to use our present earning from O&G and thus to really building a much higher growth and prosperity beyond O&G. As we know, O&G resources of the Nation is not going to be forever there. But an honest and smart synergy of GOM and GOS to work on the best return over our O&G resources would be the best for the State and as well as the Nation. I have a strong belief, BSB would love to place their interest to build greater wealth from  their present potential "diminishing" wealth. Both GOM and GOS could takeon BSB to their long term wealth interest creation. We can also work with Singapore.

(22) Sarawak indeed can offer almost all the required development impetus needed by KalBar, KalTeng and KalSel through the good working spirit of Sosek Malindo and BIMP EAGA. Our much advance utilities development could be exported to Kalimantan states. Both GOM and GOS should be having a very strong working arrangement to really building Sarawak to her best along the notion of enriching the neighbor ie the Kalimantan. I have a very strong belief that Brunei, Singapore, ADB and IDB would be more happy to chip in. Let make Borneo as our best foundation in transforming the Nusantara Economic Caucus as we had envisioned sometimes ago. Regatta, Top Spinning, Kite Flying and even Silat are our forefathers left culture and arts that we should seriously read in between the lines as our great strengths to be together and be strong.

(23) As per Kuching per se, to turn Kuching into CoB, GOS need to relook at reshaping Kuching Urban Fabrics to such Kuching should move to a modern green city touch. Numerous urban renewal and or infill need to be done. To name a few, Simpang Tiga Complex, Baddarudin Complex, the RTM-Telkom Complex, Brooke Dockyard, and former BinaMara should be revamped and turn all those into the modern setting for both local and visitors places of interest. In order to facilitate such urban renewal process Kuching should then be having a proper Integrated Modern Administrative Center (IMAC) to place all these public institutions to their most cost-effective public services delivery positioning. The present state of public institutions in Simpang Tiga, Badaruddin, RTM etc I would say is a shame of the State and Nation as we are moving into a Developed Nation. Each of these Complexes, if properly planned and developed on thematic approach, definitely would make Kuching a healthy working, living and a must visit CoB. As key component of CoB, facilities such as the international accord High Learning and Skill Development facilities should be well conceived to carter for Human Resource Development within the Borneo and Indochina. Accordingly, the present Kuching Historical City Zones should be enhanced to provide not only a lovely visiting place, but most important is to turn all those into the true multi-cultural setting of Sarawak in particular and Borneo in general. By virtue of our diverse ethnicity similarity with the rest of Borneo, by so doing, Kuching definitely will be capturing the whole of Borneo Cultural components, and thus giving the perspective of Truly Borneo images. Most important, the present Kuching had been known for its advantage in marketing the Borneo Creative Crafts. This aspect of the Borneo's Creativity could be well capitalise not only as key attraction to Kuching as CoB, but most important as a means to foster stronger Borneo Cultural Bonding. Accordingly, for stronger international marketing advantages, our City Landscapes should keep to the need to uphold our diverse tropical setting. We need to secure the West, Middle East and Far East Market by offering the best Green Tropical City Setting of Kuching. Borneo is tropical, keeping Kuching Sustainable Tropical Setting will add spice to our Kuching CoB vision. The present Kuching International Rain Forest Musical and Tatoo Festival is something that we must expand and sustain.

(24) In the advancement of today 21st century industrial revolution particularly wrt the 4.0 Industrial Generation, Borneo in particular is having great disadvantages. Our key setback is wrt to our infrastructural development gaps. Despite so, Kuching in particular is well located within the high potential major international trading route. So much so, if we dare to take a much strategic positioning, Kuching indeed can evolve into the Borneo ICT Hub. Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong Kong, Honolulu and even Sydney can be well connected to Kuching and the rest of Borneo if we could quickly harness the ICT framework to our advantages. For Sarawak to realize its Digital Economic Vision, to start with, we can first begin with the tourism related marketing, E-Education, E-Arts and Cultural Innovation, and as well as E-Medical. Thus, GOS need to move fast to integrate our present infrastucture development with the ICT Infostructure buildup.

(25) As the Kuching CoB build up going steady, we then should move as the Borneo Financial House of which ICT will then be well capitalized. For Kuching to be as such, we need to be smart and far sighted enough to work with Brunei, Singapore, Hong Kong and Tokyo for the purposes. We need to work hard and smart with Kuala Lumpur to make Kuching as Borneo Financial Center. Sarawak, Sabah, Brunei and all the Kalimantan should join force to turn Borneo into the 2050 High Potential World Economic Power. I believe, Jakarta is ever ready to work with us so as to help them to ease Java from all the distress that they are now facing. Making Kuching CoB is helping Borneo to be the World Economic Power and thus easing Jakarta from the headache of Java's problems. Accordingly, definitely Sarawak as a whole will gain better footing. In Shaa Allah.

(26) Who would be the enabler for all these? If in the 1960s, there exist MNC to spear the economic development in the colonized states, such was 60 years ago. With today free flows of capital and expertise definitely with proper smart arrangement, all these could be packaged nicely to a win-win investments. Our key State GLCs plus many others in Kuala Lumpur, we can consolidate our experiences and strengths to be the movers and enablers together with all those private sectors that are now most eager to expand. What indeed immediately needed is for GOS to have a Comprehensive Public-Private Sector Economic Development and Investment Plan for everybody to work on.  Accordingly we must quickly established high competent and good governance system. Our present governing system must be revamped to the best cost-efficient. We need to have very proactive and high integrity Civil Service and Political System. And since Sarawak is quite an autonomous State within Malaysia, we should take such position into a much higher level, and thus working within the Federation Framework to move ourselves, the Nation and region into a more prosperous and harmonious footing.  In Shaa Allah.

Kuching, Sarawak
27 Sept., 2018

          3/5/18 SAGO - PROSPECT AND THE DARK SIDE OF THE COMMODITY (DRAFT)      Cache   Translate Page      
INTRODUCTION:

Sago, sagu, sasak, rumbia, lumbia, masago yashi as the plant is internationally; Indonesian, Papua, Malay, Tagloq and Japanese-wise known is a very unique and Allah blesses plant. In Latin it is known as Metroxylon sagu. This is the limited plant species that bears starch in its trunk as compares to others which are either tubers and or cereals. Sago belong to the palmae plant family. Sago is among the few palms that bear starch in the trunk as compares to other palm species which mostly bear fruits of different types vis coconut, nipah, areca, etc. To the native of Brazil, Borneo, Papua etc, the real delicacy of sago is the sago warm (the larvae of rhinoceros beetle), the milky high protein stuff taste as peanut once roasted as many said, but I dare not try. In Sarawak, if one visit Mukah, a coastal town in mid Sarawak, one can have a try on this delicacy.

(2) My aim of writing this article, is to support international interest over the plant as source of human energy, pharmaceutical, biofuel, and even for the aquaculture and livestock feed development. I believe, based on my experiences, knowledge and even personal perception, this plant warrant a just treatment as a gift from Allah for all humankind. I'm having a strong believe that after Taib Mahmud is no more the Chief Minister of Sarawak and with the hunger for faster return of investment; ROI, Sarawak will not be able to succeed to make sago as its prime agriculture commodity. Accordingly after Peter Chin had left MoPIC, the interest over sago at the Federal Ministry level is subsiding fast. I dare to say, Sago Industry in Sarawak (and Malaysia) will die to its natural course. Thus, I have lost patient and passion to see the growth of Sago Industry in Sarawak, thus I would like to throw this idea of Sago great prospects for international people to pick it up especially among the Japanese, Chinese and Indian. Nonetheless, Mahathir now is back as the PM of Malaysia where in his era, sago plus jatropa and kenaf had been identified as new agriculture growth area. MoPIC was then tasked to advance the R&D on these crops. Now he is back, will he still remember his directive on the matter?

(3) This writing is not a comprehensive presentation of Sago as a whole, but as much as possible I'll dwell on its key economic, agronomic resource, and some technical advantages over especially oil palm and rice. My direct involvement in the sago industry began in 2003, but I need to leave the whole system by 2011. There are substantial writing on the sago technicality and or ethno-botany available in the internets, but very less on the economic and commercial aspect of its. Accordingly, the primitive sustenance of the Indonesia and PNG sago industry is all about the incapability of their government in dealing with the heritage Customary  Land Tenure System of the Far East Pacific. Papua and Papua New Guinea plus all those sago islands in the eastern Indonesia, not only they could meet the vision of Isao Nagato, but most important, the nurturing and advancement of the sago commodity from my personal perspective, definitely would transformed their people livelihood be even better than of the oil palm industries. Sago is starch-based, a non-competitor to oil palm and alike. Maize and potatoes can be the threat to the development of sago industry and vice versa. Australia interest to protect marshland forest of PNG and Indonesia, I would say may have such agenda in their mind if not for reason to sustain their marine resources. Mismanagement of the PNG and Papua marshland can be a catastrophe for the South Pacific marine resources.

ECONOMIC:

(1) Sarawak is the world champion for sago industry. Since 1880s, Sarawak is world sago exporter despite probably having the least area of natural sago. Sarawak had developed the finest processing technology which is home grown by a cartel of smallscale industrialists. The pioneer in Sarawak sago industrial development, I would believe began in Sibu. The Foo Chow ethnic Chinese whom dominate Sibu in those day, due to the peaty land nature of the region, they couldn't grow rice, thus learning from the local natives particularly the Malanaus, they then took sago as their staple food. But as time progress and due to resource locational advantage, Mukah then began to take on Sibu as key sago industrial development. Unfortunately since 1980s, sago industrial development remain stagnant due to resources problem. Papua (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea are homes for the world natural sago. In both Countries, they have at least 5.00 million hectares of natural sago land. I can foresee the diminishing of sago industry in Sarawak is mainly due for Sarawakian had been seeing sago nothing beyond the linut ie boild sago flour and or dried sago granule which has very limiting acceptance as source of food even among the local. Thailand despite having lesser sago area within the Nara-Pattani region, their sago food-based application industry is doing far better than Sarawak. Indonesia, definitely is the world largest sago flour producer, but due to their large population, their sago is all eaten as bakso. The PNG sago industry had remained as the traditional Sarawak in the 1930s. 

(2) The international interest over sago was officially recorded in 1976 when an International Sago Symposium was first held in Kuching through the initiative of the Dr. Isao Nagato who provided financial support to fund the Society for the Sago Palm and Sago Culture of Japan (presently the Society of Sago Palm Studies). Being in the army in the WWII he had seen the human famine miseries at such time, thus Nagato realized sago could be the solution to the possible human and fuel hunger crisis of the 21st century. Thereon, he initiated various studies and seminar on sago.

(3) The economic of sago couldn't be well comprehend without one looking at it from the comprehensive agronomic and industrial applications. Let me presented a brief economic and industrial significance of sago as basis to evaluate the commodity economic advantages. Naturally and by researched, sago palm ideal density growing is almost similar to the oil palm ie 125-150 palms per hectares. Differing from oil palm, sago palm normally growing in cluster except for one species that is endemic for Bougainville Island of the PNG. Ideally, each cluster would be having 5-7 palms of different growing stages. In the "plantation" practices either in Sarawak and Pulau Besar, Rhiau, Indonesia, planting density of 125-150 palms per hectare with each cluster having 5-7 standing are maintained. Such practices is by reason to provide about 80-100 palms per hectare harvesting annually.

(4) With the harvesting rate of 80-100 palms/year, and for the Sarawak local species of 20-25 per cents flour extracting rate, from 10 years onward after first planting, a yield of 16-25 mt of flour is expected for a hectare of sago farm. Since sago need no replanting, therefore from year 10th onward, the graph of sago production is considered constant at 16-25 mt/yr/ha. In comparison to oil palm, in term of yield, the oil palm Fresh Fruit Bunch FFB is equal to the sago log. Thus the crude palm oil CPO is then equivalent to the sago flour. Based on such perspectives, sago productivity is much higher than the oil palm. On per hectare basis, oil palm would produces 20-25 mt FFB and conversion to CPO would be around 4-6.25 mt/ha. On the other hand, sago would produce 80-100 mt of sago logs on per hectare basis. These logs is about 10 meters in length with about 45-60 cm in diameter. The wet weight of these logs is estimated about 1 mt/log. Therefore, the wet weight of harvested sago logs per hectare is estimated to be around 80-100 mt/ha/yr. With the flour extraction rate of 20-25 per cents, sago would produce 16-25 mt/ha/yr flour. In these sense, sago is about 400 per cents much productive than oil palm. 

(5) The gestation period for oil palm is 30 months upon planting. By the fifth to seventh year, an oil palm is considered at full maturity, giving a yield of almost 17-25 mt/ha/yr FFB. By month thirty, the yield increases from 3-5 mt/ha/yr reaching to about 15-17 mt/ha/yr on the fifth year. The palm sustain its productivity of averaging 20-25 mt/ha/yr from year seventh to year 22nd. Thereon the yield began to  diminish and needing replanting by the year 25th. Graphically, the productivity of an oil palm is half parabolic in nature.  In fact, with out replanting after year 25th, the productivity graph would turned a complete concave as shown to the left.

.. to be continued In Shaa Allah

          Impoverished Island Nation Embraces Coal, Rejects Climate Change Narratives      Cache   Translate Page      
Guest essay by Eric Worrall Papua New Guinea is a large island just to the North of Australia, plagued by poverty, violence and corruption. But their Government is determined to build a better future for their children, regardless of how many greens they upset. PNG politicians push coal as Pacific islanders rail against climate change…
          PNG politicians push coal as Pacific islanders rail against climate change      Cache   Translate Page      
Politicians in Papua New Guinea are ratcheting up their support for a new foray into coal mining and power generation, even as neighboring states call for a global reduction in carbon emissions to stave off a catastrophic rise in the sea level. PNG’s mining minister, Johnson Tuke, recently hailed the prospect of a new coal […]
           2019 Mission Presidents Called to Canada, Papua New Guinea, Argentina, and More       Cache   Translate Page      

'Isileli T. and Milika M. Fatani

L. Jean Claude and Mimie Kanyanga-Mabaya

Sister Ensign is a former Relief Society compassionate service leader, institute teacher, gospel doctrine teacher, and early morning seminary teacher. She was born in Mt. Clemens, Michigan, to Karl J. Toth and Virginia Monahan.Martín P. Fernández, 46, and Gabriela Fernández, three children, Resistencia 2nd Ward, Resistencia Argentina Stake: Argentina Buenos Aires South Mission, succeeding President Alejandro Calquín Sepulveda and Sister Susana Calquín. Papua New Guinea Lae MissionJavier Romero, 59, and Leticia Escobarete de Romero, four children, Camacho Ward, Poza Rica México Palmas Stake: México Monterrey East Mission, succeeding President Jorge A. Regalado Campos and Sister Norma Ramos de Regalado. 

Martín P. and Gabriela Fernández

Sister Isaguirre is a Sunday School teacher, a former stake Young Women president, and ward Relief Society and Young Women president. She was born in Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, México, to José Luís Gastélum Bejarano and Mariana Ávila Mendoza.Brother Ashcraft is a former stake presidency counselor, stake Young Men presidency counselor, bishop, high councilor, bishopric counselor, ward Young Men president, and missionary in the Canada Montreal Mission. He was born in Tucson, Arizona, to Ronnie Dean Ashcraft and Jeanne Bryars Ashcraft.Brother Ensign is a former stake presidency counselor, bishop, high councilor, bishopric counselor, and missionary in the Canada Halifax Mission. He was born in Salt Lake City to Milton Dale Ensign and Joyce Murdock.México Monterrey East MissionDarren Ashcraft, 49, and Leticia Ashcraft, six children, Nampa 34th Ward, Nampa Idaho East Stake: Florida Orlando Mission, succeeding President David K. Clark and Sister Denise Clark. Sister Romero is a Ward Relief Society president and a former stake Primary and Relief Society presidency counselor, ward Young Women presidency counselor, and institute teacher. She was born in San Luis Potosí, México, to Jose Asuncion Escobarete and Irene Aranda Cisneros.José L. Isaguirre, 44, and Iris Gastelum de Isaguirre, three children, Infonavit Ward, Culiacán México Humaya Stake: México Monterrey West Mission, succeeding President Mark J. Maucotel and Sister Audrey Pratt Maucotel. Clint Ensign, 63, and Cindy Ensign, four children, Newcastle Ward, Sandy Utah Granite Stake: Canada Toronto Mission, succeeding President Jeffrey L. Shields and Sister Patricia Shields. México Monterrey West MissionBrother Hurley is a stake president and a former bishop, stake Young Men presidency secretary, ward Young Men president, elders quorum president, and missionary in the California San Diego Mission. He was born in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, to Robert Eugene Hurley and Barbara Ann Rock.

Cindy and Clint Ensign

Florida Orlando MissionArgentina Buenos Aires South Mission

José L. and Iris Gastelum de Isaguirre

Sister Hurley is a ward Young Women president and a former ward Relief Society presidency counselor, Young Women adviser, and ward Primary presidency secretary. She was born in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, to Kenneth Jerome Erler and Nancy Lee Erler.Brother Isaguirre is an Area Seventy and a former assistant area auditor, stake president, high councilor, bishopric counselor, elders quorum president, and missionary in the México Monterrey South Mission. He was born in Navojoa, Sonora, México, to Leobardo Isaguirre Peralta and Petra Leyva Gaxiola.Sister Fernández is a youth adviser and a former stake Relief Society president, ward Relief Society and Young Women president, missionary preparation teacher, and missionary in the Argentina Buenos Aires North Mission. She was born in Resistencia, Argentina, to Juan Osvaldo López and Rosita Mambrín.’Isileli T. Fatani, 51, and Milika M. Fatani, five children, Mapelu Ward, Nuku’alofa Tonga Liahona Stake: Papua New Guinea Lae Mission, succeeding President Sitiveni Fehoko and Sister Kilisitina Fehoko. 

Javier and Leticia Escobarete de Romero

Leticia and Darren Ashcraft

Brother Fernández is a mission presidency counselor and youth adviser and a former stake presidency counselor, bishop, elders quorum president, and missionary in the Argentina Bahía Blanca Mission. He was born in Resistencia, Argentina, to Carlos Rubén Fernández and Beatríz Ogayar.Democratic Republic of the Congo Lubumbashi MissionBrother Romero is a current stake clerk and a former stake president, stake presidency counselor, bishop, high councilor, and missionary in the México México City North Mission. He was born in San Luis Potosí, México, to Javier Romero Martínez and Ana Maria Romero.Brother Mabaya is a former Area Seventy, stake president, stake presidency counselor, bishop, branch president, and branch presidency counselor. He was born in Kalunga, Kasai-Occidental, DR Congo, to Simon Kisanga Lutumba and Mitshika Simonade Nyange.Idaho Idaho Falls MissionSister Mabaya is a former ward Primary president, ward Primary and Relief Society presidency counselor, and branch Young Women presidency counselor. She was born in Kananga, Zaire, DR Congo, to Gustave Kanyanga and Brigitte Kuedi.The following new mission presidents and their wives have been called by the First Presidency. They will begin their service in July of 2019. Biographies of other mission presidency couples will be published throughout 2019 on news.lds.org. (See other published biographies.)L. Jean Claude Mabaya, 58, and Mimie Kanyanga-Mabaya, four children, Sans-Fil Ward, Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo Masina Stake: Democratic Republic of the Congo Lubumbashi Mission, succeeding President Larry D. Shumard and Sister Gayle Shumard. Sister Ashcraft is a Primary activity days leader and a former stake Young Women president, Primary pianist, Primary activity days leader, and missionary in the Argentina Buenos Aires North Mission. She was born in Provo, Utah, to C. Scott Grow and Rhonda Lee Grow.Brother Fatani is a mission presidency counselor and a former stake presidency counselor, bishop, high councilor, bishopric counselor, ward mission leader, and missionary in the California Ventura Mission. He was born in Nuku’alofa, Tongatapu, Tonga, to Tevita Lupeitu’u Fatani and Lolo ’Olive Langi.

Shannon R. and Matthew S. Hurley

Matthew S. Hurley, 46, and Shannon R. Hurley, six children, Chambersburg 2nd Ward, Chambersburg Pennsylvania Stake: Idaho Idaho Falls Mission, succeeding President Brent J. Nelson and Sister Cheryl A. Nelson. Canada Toronto MissionSister Fatani is a former ward Young Women president. She was born in Ha’ateiho, Tongatapu, Tonga, to Sione Taulanga Vake and ’Akanesi Paletu’a.




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