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Các chuyên gia Liên Hiệp Quốc cho biết họ đang điều tra các hành vi vi phạm khả dĩ đối với các chế tài của Liên Hiệp Quốc nhắm vào Triều Tiên ở khoảng 20 quốc gia, từ cáo buộc mua hạt nhân bí mật ở Trung Quốc đến môi giới vũ khí ở Syria và hợp tác quân sự với Iran, Libya và Sudan.
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  1. Bafana Bafana coach Stuart Baxter explains Kaizer Chiefs goalkeeper Bruce Bvuma's selection  TimesLIVE
  2. Stuart Baxter Has Spoken Of Calling Kaizer Chiefs' Bruce Bvuma To  Soccer Laduma
  3. Bafana Bafana coach Stuart Baxter has explained why he would not get the best out of Kermit Erasmus right now  KickOff.com
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  5. AmaZulu Expected Siyabonga Mbatha To Be Included In Bafana Squad  Soccer Laduma
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Paul_Morand (493x700, 219Kb)
1888
Поль Моран (французское имя - Paul Morand)
французский писатель, дипломат, член Французской Академии. Родился в Париже. Отец — крупный чиновник, руководивший искусством, в доме бывали известные писатели и художники. Поль учился в престижных парижских лицеях, окончил Институт политических исследований, также учился в Оксфорде, часто жил в Англии и в Италии. Познакомился с Прустом и Кокто. Начинал стихами (1919), но получил первую известность, издав в 1921 сборник новелл с предисловием Пруста (переиздан, позже его перевел на английский Эзра Паунд). Занимался журналистикой, курировал серию «Возрождение новеллы» в издательстве Галлимар. Много путешествовал. В 1942 вишистское правительство назначило его послом Франции в Румынии. В 1944, с приближением советских войск, Морана перевели в Швейцарию, где он и встретил освобождение Франции и где, при негативном отношении к нему де Голля, провел в изгнании 12 лет. Тем не менее, в 1968 он был избран членом Французской Академии, чему много лет мешало его коллаборантское прошлое и легкомысленные, на грани скабрезности, мотивы некоторых книг (перипетии его избирательной кампании воссозданы позднее в получившем Премию двух маго романе Полин Дрефюс «Наконец-то бессмертный», 2012). Умер в Париже 23 июля 1976 года. Прах умершего и кремированного писателя, согласно завещанию, был смешан с прахом его жены на кладбище в её родном городе Триест. Моран — автор многочисленных новелл, романов, путевых записок, мемуаров и портретов писателей, газетной и журнальной хроники. Его проза 1920-х — 1930-х годов повлияла на творчество писателей группы «Гусары» (Роже Нимье, Антуан Блонден, Франсуа Нурисье и др.). Ряд его вещей были в эти же годы экранизированы, в тои числе — Жаном Эпштейном, по его сценарию Пабст снял в 1933 году фильм «Дон-Кихот» с Фёдором Шаляпиным в заглавной роли; по нескольким романам были сняты художественные и телевизионные фильмы в 1970-е, 1980-е и 2000-е годы. Новеллы и романы: Tendres Stocks, 3 nouvelles (N.R.F., 1921, 1924); Ouvert la Nuit, 6 nouvelles (N.R.F., 1922, 1923, 1924, 1927, édition Populaire, 1951); Fermé la Nuit, 4 nouvelles (N.R.F., 1923 et 1935); Lewis et Irène, roman (Grasset, 1924, Émile-Paul, 1925, 1926); La Fleur Double (Émile-Paul, 1924); Les Amis Nouveaux (Au Sans-Pareil, 1924); Les Plaisirs Rhénans (Dusseldorf, librairie Léocadia, s.d); Mr. U (Édition des cahiers libres 1927); Milady (1927); East India and Company, 12 nouvelles (New-York, 1927); À la Frégate, nouvelles (Paris, Les Éditions du Portique, 1930); Les rois du jour — Flèche d’Orient, nouvelle (N.R.F., 1932); Rococo, nouvelles (Grasset, 1933); France-la-doulce (N.R.F., 1934); Je brûle Moscou (Flammarion, 1934; переведен на русский Вл. Марамзиным); Les Extravagants. Milady suivi de Monsieur Zéro, nouvelles (N.R.F., 1936); L’Homme pressé, roman (Gallimard, 1941 ; экранизирован в 1977 Эдуаром Молинаро); Feu M. le Duc, nouvelles (Genève, Milieu du Monde, 1942); Le bazar de la Charité, nouvelle (Genève, Club des bibliophiles, 1944); À la Fleur d’Oranger, nouvelles (Vevey, Éditions de la Table Ronde, 1945); Le Dernier Jour de l’Inquisition, nouvelles (Vevey, la Table Ronde, 1946); Montociel, Rajah aux Grandes Indes, roman (Genève, Éditions du Cheval Ailé, 1947); Le Dernier Jour de l’Inquisition (Vevey, La Table Ronde, 1947); Le Flagellant de Séville, roman (Fayard, 1951); Le Coucou et le Roitelet(Éditions du Tambourinaire, 1954); Hécate et ses chiens, roman (Flammarion, 1954); La Folle amoureuse, nouvelles (Stock, 1956); Fin de siècle, nouvelles (Stock, 1957); Le Prisonnier de Cintra (1958); Tais-toi, roman (Gallimard, 1965); Nouvelles du cœur (Gallimard, 1965); Nouvelles des yeux (Gallimard, 1965); Les Écarts amoureux, nouvelles (Gallimard, 1974); Nouvelles complètes, Gallimard, Bibliothèque de la Pléiade, 2 tomes (éd. Michel Collomb, 1992); Romans, Gallimard, Bibliothèque de la Pléiade (éd. Michel Collomb). Эссе и портреты писателей: De la vitesse (Éditions Kra, 1929); 1900 (Les Éditions de France, 1931; Flammarion, 1942); Papiers d’identité (Grasset, 1931); Le Réveille-matin (Grasset, 1936); Apprendre à se reposer (Flammarion, 1937); L’heure qu’il est (Grasset, 1938); Isabeau de Bavière (Les Éditions de France, 1939); Vie de Maupassant (Flammarion, 1942); Excursions immobiles (Flammarion, 1944); Adieu à Giraudoux (Porentruy, Aux Portes de France, 1944); Première visite à Marcel Proust (Genève, éditions du Cheval Ailé, 1948); Dostoïevsky, annonciateur de l’Europe russe, essai (Genève, éditions Pierre Cailler, 1948); Giraudoux. Souvenirs de notre jeunesse (Genève, La Palatine, 1948); Le Visiteur du soir. Marcel Proust (1949); Katherine de Heilbronn de Kleist (1956); Fouquet ou Le Soleil offusqué, biographie (Gallimard, 1961; coll.Folio/Histoire, 1985); Monplaisir… en littérature (Gallimard, 1967); Monplaisir… en histoire (Gallimard, 1969); Discours de réception à l’Académie française (Gallimard, 1969); L’Allure de Chanel (Hermann, 1976). Путевые очерки и портреты городов: Rien que la Terre (Grasset, 1926 ; Plon, 1929; Bruxelles, édition du Nord, 1929); La Semaine de Bath (Champion, 1925); Siam (Aux Aldes, 1926); Le Voyage (Hachette, 1927); Tableaux de Paris (Émile-Paul, 1927); Syracuse USA (Grasset, 1928); Paris-Tombouctou' (Flammarion — La Rose des Vents, 1928); Hiver Caraïbe (Flammarion, La Rose des Vents, 1929); New York (Flammarion, 1930, 1931); New York, le Jour et la Nuit (Flammarion, 1930); Route de Paris à la Méditerranée (Firmin-Didot, 1931); Air Indien (Grasset, 1932); A.O.F. de Paris à Tombouctou (Flammarion, 1932); Paris de nuit, c 60 фотографиями БрассайБрассая (Paris, Arts et Métiers Graphiques, 1933); Londres (Plon, 1933); Bucarest (Plon, 1934); Croisière du yacht Alphée (Y Cotnareanu, 1935); Rond-point des Champs-Élysées (Grasset, 1935); La Route des Indes (Plon, 1935); Méditerranée, mer des surprises (Mame, 1938); Florence que j’aime (éditions Sun, 1959); Bains de mer, bains de rêve (Lausanne, Guilde du Livre, 1960); Le nouveau Londres, suivi de Londres (Plon, 1962); Majorque (Barcelone, Noguer, 1963); Le Portugal que j’aime (éditions Sun, 1963); Venises (Gallimard, 1971).; D’autres Venise(Nicolas Chaudun, 2010); Rhin et Danube (Nicolas Chaudun, 2011); Bains de soleil (Nicolas Chaudun, 2011; So british ! (Nicolas Chaudun, 2012). Хроники: Papiers d’identité (Grasset, 1931); Mes débuts (Grasset, 1933); Rond-Point des Champs-Élysées (1935); Réflexes et Réflexions (Grasset, 1939); Chroniques de l’homme maigre (Grasset, 1940); Propos des 52 semaines (Milieu du Monde, 1942); L’eau sous les ponts (Grasset, 1954). Образ в искусстве: Книги Морана иллюстрировали крупные художники — Андре Лот, Дюфи, Паскин, Боннар, Андре де Сегонзак и др. Портреты Морана оставили Жак-Эмиль Бланш, Мари Лорансен, Жан Кокто, Валентина Гюго, его бюст принадлежит Арно Брекеру. Публикации на русском языке: Левис и Ирэн, роман. Ленинград: Мысль, 1924. (То же: Москва — Ленинград: Гиз, 1926); Хищники. Ленинград-Москва: Петроград, 1924. — 120 страниц, 5 000 экземпляров; Открыто ночью. Москва: Круг, 1926; Ночь в Портофино-Кульме, рассказ. Москва — Ленинград: Гиз, 1927; Ночи. Новеллы. Москва:Госиздат, 1927; Живой Будда, роман. Москва:Круг, 1927; Шестидневная ночь, новеллы. Москва:Гиз, 1927; Рейнские развлечения, рассказы. Москва:Огонек, 1927; Черная магия, рассказы. Москва:Огонек, 1929; Венеции. Санкт-Петербург: ИНАПРЕСС, 2002. — 224 страницы; Парфэт де Салиньи. Левис и Ирэн. Живой Будда. Нежности кладь. Москва:Терра-Книжный клуб, 2003; Аллюр Коко Шанель. Санкт-Петербург: Лимбус Пресс; Издательство К.Тублина, 2010. Литература: Золотоносов М. M/Z, или Катаморан. Рассказ П. Морана «Я жгу Москву» с комментариями. — Санкт-Петербург: ИНАПРЕСС, 1996. — 130 страниц.

Turishev (650x700, 134Kb)
1888
Алексей Сергеевич Турищев
русский музыкант, воспитанник 12-го Астраханского гренадёрского полка, автор музыки песни-марша «Врагу не сдаётся наш гордый „Варяг“». Алексей Турищев родился в Калуге, в многодетной семье рабочего. С ранних лет проявил незаурядные способности к музыке, благодаря чему стал воспитанником Московского (12-го Астраханского гренадерского) полка и определён на обучение в Московскую консерваторию по классу кларнета. В 1905 году победил в конкурсе на лучшую песню-марш для торжественного приёма, устраиваемого императором Николаем II в честь офицеров и матросов крейсера «Варяг» и канонерской лодки «Кореец», написав музыку к стихотворению Рудольфа Грейнца в переводе Евгении Студенской «Врагу не сдаётся наш гордый „Варяг“». В конкурсе на лучшую песню-марш для встречи героев в Москве. Он сделал инструментовку для духового оркестра и хора и получил право дирижировать первым исполнением «Варяга» на перроне Курского вокзала. В 1910 Алексей Турищев окончил Московскую консерваторию. В 1912 становится капельмейстером 177-го Изборского пехотного полка в Пензе, одновременно организовав класс кларнета в Пензенском музыкальном училище. Алексей Сергеевич Турищев был участником Первой мировой и Гражданской войн. С января 1918 года Турищев служил в Красной Армии, был капельмейстером 1-го Пензенского советского полка. В 1918—1957 годах преподавал по классу духовых инструментов в Пензенском музыкальном училище и музыкальной школе № 1, располагавшихся в одном здании. В разное время одновременно сочетал несколько должностей — был директором училища и музыкальной школы (1925—1935), заведующим учебной частью. В 1936 году Алексей Сергеевич 9 месяцев служил капельмейстером 93-го стрелкового Донского полка. Во время Великой Отечественной войны четыре года опекал эвакуированных в Пензу воспитанников Центральной музыкальной школы при Московской консерватории. Скончался А.С.Турищев 16 февраля 1962 года. Похоронен в Пензе на Митрофаньевском кладбище.

Vilms_Juri (452x700, 271Kb)
1889
Юри Вильмс (или Юрий Рейнович Вильмс; эстонское имя - Jüri Vilms)
эстонский политик, один из основателей независимой Эстонской Республики в 1918 году. Юри Вильмс родился на хуторе Пидури в деревне Аркма (ныне в волости Тюри уезда Ярвамаа в Эстонии) в волости Пилиствере. В 1905 году арестовывался царской полицией по политическим причинам, за это был исключен из школы. Бежал в Финляндию, но вскоре вернулся в Эстонию и был снова зачислен в гимназию города Пярну, где в 1907 году получил аттестат зрелости. С 1907 по 1911 годы изучал юриспруденцию в Тартуском университете. В период учёбы стал членом Общества эстонской студентов, где впоследствии был выбран председателем. После университета работал адвокатом в Таллине. Чуть позже открыл собственную юридическую фирму. С начала Первой мировой войны Вильмс был связан с эстонским национальным движением и публиковал статьи, в которых требовал автономии для Эстонии в составе Российской империи. Подверг критике политические понятия Яана Тыниссона, который защищал идею культурной автономии и идеи Константина Пятса, который, в свою очередь, видел политические возможности в сотрудничестве с балтийскими немцами в Эстонии. В 1917 году Вильмс основал новую политическую партию Эстонии — левофланговый Eesti Tööerakond (эстонская лейбористская (или трудовая) партия). В конце 1917 года избран во Всероссийское учредительное собрание в Эстляндском избирательном округе по списку № 3 (Эстонская трудовая партия). Участник единственного заседания Учредительного Собрания 5 января 1918 года, вошел во фракцию трудовиков. 19 февраля 1918 года Юри Вильмс вместе с Константином Пятсом и Константином Коником представляли совет старейшин эстонского ландрата (Eesti Maanõukogu Vanematekogu) на созданном Комитете спасения Эстонии (Eestimaa Päästekomitee). Было принято соглашение, по которому вся исполнительная власть доверялась Комитету спасения Эстонии. 24 февраля 1918 года Эстония была провозглашена независимой республикой. В тот же день комитет спасения назначил Временное правительство Эстонии, в котором Вильмс был назначен заместителем главы правительства и министром судейских дел. В конце марта 1918 года во время немецкой оккупации Эстонии Вильмс собрался с тремя соратниками (Arnold Jürgens, Johannes Peistik und Aleksei Rünk) на санях и на лошаде поехать в Финляндию и Швецию по Балтийскому морю, которое в то время было покрыто льдом. Там он должен был вести работу по обеспечению внешнеполитической поддержки молодой Эстонской Республики. 24 марта 1918 года все четверо были арестованы немецкими солдатами на острове Суурсаари, после чего Юри Вильмс и его соратники были казнены 13 апреля 1918 года. Место казни точно неизвестно, но предположительно в Хельсинки (возможно, на сахарном заводе Töölö). До сегодняшнего дня обстоятельства гибели Вильмса также неизвестны.

 (494x698, 60Kb)
1890
Фриц Буш (немецкое имя - Fritz Busch)
немецкий дирижёр. Родился в Зигене, в семье скрипичного мастера. Семья Фрица Буша была на редкость богата музыкальными талантами — его братьями были скрипач и композитор Адольф Буш, виолончелист Герман Буш, пианист и композитор Генрих Буш, актёр Вилли Буш. Учился в Бонне у Хуго Грютерса, затем в Кёльне у Фрица Штайнбаха. После окончания учёбы служил в 1909 г. капельмейстером в Риге, затем в немецких городах Бад-Пирмонт и Гота. С 1912 по 1918 год возглавлял оперный театр в Ахене. Затем, до 1922 года, работал капельмейстером в Штутгарте. Отклонив предложение Венской оперы, занял в 1922 году (и до 1933) пост музыкального руководителя Оперы Земпера в Дрездене, где, в частности, под управлением Буша прошли премьеры опер Рихарда Штрауса «Интермеццо» и «Елена Египетская». Выступал также в Берлинской Немецкой опере. В марте 1933 года, после нескольких стычек с нацистами, в том числе и в театре во время представления, Фриц Буш покинул Германию. Обосновавшись в Англии, он в 1934—1951 гг. возглавлял Глайндборнский оперный фестиваль. Одновременно в 1937—1951 гг. он руководил Датским национальным симфоническим оркестром, а в 1937—1940 гг. ещё и Стокгольмским филармоническим оркестром, в 1945—1950 гг. занимал пост художественного руководителя Метрополитен Опера в Нью-Йорке. В феврале 1951 года Буш впервые после Второй мировой войны побывал в Германии, однако его планам дальнейшей работы в театрах Германии и Австрии не суждено было сбыться. Умер в Лондоне 14 сентября 1951 года. Воспоминания: Fritz Busch. Aus dem Leben eines Musikers. — Frankfurt am Main, 2001.

eliseev (700x598, 124Kb)
1890
Константин Степанович Елисеев
русский советский график и художник театра и кино. Родился в Санкт-Петербурге. Художественное образование получил в 1910—1914 годах в Рисовальной школе Общества поощрения художеств у И.И.Творожникова, Ф.Ф.Бухгольца, А.А.Рылова, И.Я.Билибина и др. Публиковал сатирические рисунки в газетах и журналах: «Речь», «Петербургский журнал», а также дружеские шаржи в журнале «Театр и искусство». В 1911—1917 годах работал актёром и оформителем фойе в петроградских театрах «Троицкий» и «Литейный», рисовал карикатуры на актёров труппы. Тогда же он испробовал свои силы как исполнитель характерных ролей. Занимался в 1918 году в свободных художественных мастерских (бывшая Академия художеств) у профессора В.В.Беляева, затем во ВХУТЕМАСе у И.Н.Павлова в 1922—1923 годах. С начала 20-х годов занимался оформлением спектаклей в Первом белорусском драматическом театре, рисовал карикатуры на политические и бытовые темы для московских газет «Гудок» (1922—1968), «Прожектор» (1923—1935), «Бегемот» (1924—1928), «Крокодил» (1924—1968). В 1941—1945 годах рисовал карикатуры для журнала «Фронтовой юмор». Много работал в театрах, а последние 25 лет — в кино и цирке. Вел работу с молодыми художниками, в период 1959—1961 годов был руководителем студии карикатуристов при журнале «Крокодил». Оформил ряд спектаклей: «На дне» А.М.Горького (1920, совместно с C.М.Эйзенштейном), «Сон на Кургане» Я.Купалы и др. Создавал эскизы костюмов на студии «Мосфильм»: «Ленин в 1918 году» (1939). В 1938 году был художником по костюмам на съёмках фильма «Александр Невский» C.М.Эйзенштейна. Работы художника экспонировались на зарубежных выставках: Загреб (1973) и др. Персональные выставки проходили в Москве (1948, 1951, 1968), Минске (1952), Ярославле (1954). Работы художника находятся во многих региональных музеях, а также в частных коллекциях в России и за рубежом. За заслуги в области советской художественной сатиры в 1945 году удостоен звания Заслуженного деятеля искусств РСФСР. Жил на Большой Грузинской улице и умер в городе Москве. Умер в Москве 10 июля 1968 года. Похоронен на Химкинском кладбище. Был дружен с поэтами В.Маяковским и Я.Купалой.

King_Idris_I_of_Libya_August_15,_1965 (689x700, 501Kb)
1890
Мухаммад Идрис ибн-Мухаммад аль-Махди ас-Сануси (арабское имя - محمد إدريس السنوسي‎)
шейх тариката санусия (1918—1969), эмир Киренаики (1914—1922) и (1949—1951), король Ливии (1951—1969). Идрис родился в Аль-Джагбубе, в ливийской провинции Киренаика. Внук основателя мусульманского ордена сенусситов Мухаммада ибн-Али ас-Сануси (ас-Сенусси). В 1913—1914 годах совершил паломничество в Мекку. После возвращения был в 1916 г. провозглашён эмиром Киренаики. В годы Первой мировой войны пытался "навести мосты" с британцами. Заключил в 1917 году пакет соглашений с итальянским командованием в Ливии, в соответствии с которыми признавался суверенитет Мухаммада Идриса над неоккупированной территорией Киренаики и прекращались военные действия между итальянскими войсками и ливийскими отрядами. В 1921 г. Идрис был провозглашён эмиром всей Ливии. После прихода в Италии к власти фашистов и возобновления ими боевых действий в Ливии Мухаммад Идрис эмигрировал (в 1923 году) в Египет, где в 1940 году из находившихся там ливийцев сформировал воинское подразделение, участвовавшее в освобождении Ливии от немецко-итальянских войск. После Второй мировой войны ситуация складывалась в пользу национальных сил Ливии, при большом давлении западных держав, стремившихся сохранить свое влияние на страну. Таким образом, на обстановку внутри страны в свою очередь оказывали громадное давление внешние силы, не желавшие уступать свои позиции в Ливии. Английская и французская колониальные администрации внутри страны, и ведущие мировые державы на международной арене, ведя борьбу за свои интересы, делали все возможное, чтобы оттянуть предоставление Ливии независимости и это стало особенно резко проявляться после того, как в стране была обнаружена нефть. Мухаммаду Идрису приходилось вести свою политику лавирования с учетом интересов мировых держав (США, Великобритании и Франции), но основную ставку он сделал на Англию. Во время переговоров в Лондоне он получил согласие Англии на провозглашение независимой Киренаики и последующего присоединения к ней Триполитании в рамках Ливийской федерации под его властью и на проведение соответствующих мероприятий. На IV сессии Генеральной Ассамблеи ООН рассматривался вопрос о предоставлении независимости Ливии. Англия потребовала признания «независимой Киренаики», создания аналогичного режима в Триполитании и поддержки притязания Франции на Феццан (Феззан). Проект резолюции США предусматривал предоставление Ливии независимости через три года, в течение которых право управления оставалось за Англией и Францией. 21 ноября 1949 г. решением ООН в Ливии был назначен специальный комиссар «в целях содействия. . . в выработке конституции и сформирования независимого правительства», как об этом было записано в пункте 4 резолюции № 289 ГА ООН. Им стал шведский экономист А.Пельт, столкнувшийся, как он потом признал в своих мемуарах, «с противодействием Англии и Франции созданию единой Ливии». На V сессии ГА ООН (сентябрь-ноябрь 1950 г.) СССР предложил проект резолюции, предусматривавший объединение — Киренаики, Триполитании и Феццана — в единое государство и ликвидацию военных баз. Решения Генеральной Ассамблеей ООН по Ливии не препятствовали Англии, Франции и США проводить свою политику. В таких условиях им пришлось искать новые пути для сохранения своего господства в этой стране. Отсюда и возникла идея федеративного государственного устройства с монархической формой правления, с помощью которого Запад обеспечивал свои интересы через ведущую роль киренаикских лидеров. 2 декабря 1950 г. Национальное собрание Киренаики одобрило эту идею. Была принята резолюция об учреждении «демократического, федеративного, независимого и суверенного государства, формой правления которого будет конституционная монархия». Согласно другой резолюции Мухаммад Идрис ас-Сенуси провозглашался королем Ливии Идрисом Первым. 6 декабря 1951 г. А.Пельт информировал ООН, что английские и французские администрации начали передачу власти временному ливийскому правительству и что Ливия будет провозглашена независимым государством 1 января 1952 г. В ноябре 1947 года Мухаммад Идрис вернулся на родину и вскоре объявлен также эмиром Триполитании. 2 декабря 1950 года Учредительное собрание Ливии постановило избрать Мухаммада Идриса королём Ливии. Уже по всей форме был провозглашён королём 24 декабря 1951 года, когда Ливия была официально объявлена суверенным независимым государством. При Мухаммаде Идрисе экономика Ливии пережила стремительный рост благодаря разработке нефти; доход приносила и американская военная база. Во внешней политике Мухаммад Идрис ориентировался на Великобританию и США, чем возмущал арабских националистов и панарабистов. Не имея наследника мужского пола, Мухаммад Идрис в 1956 году провозгласил наследником племянника (сына брата) Хасана ас-Сенусси. Со временем, ввиду ухудшения здоровья старого короля, ас-Сенусси всё чаще стал выполнять функции регента. Когда 24 декабря 1951 г. Мухаммад Идрис ас-Сенуси объявил об образовании независимого Соединенного королевства Ливии и о вступлении в силу конституции, новое государство было быстро признано. В телеграмме советского министра иностранных дел от 1 января 1952 г. на имя главы ливийского правительства содержались «пожелания успехов и процветания народу Ливии». Во внутренней политике Мухаммад Идрис добивался подавления инакомыслия в стране, всеми способами препятствуя участию оппозиции в работе правительственных органов. На региональном уровне он с помощью умелых манёвров нейтрализовал действия стран арабской Лиги, которые не всегда одобряли политические шаги эмира. На международном уровне он выторговывал форму федерации и трон Ливии для себя, заплатив за это высокую цену: доля американцев в этой сделке — авиационная база, французов — стратегические пункты Феццана (Феззана). Италия получала льготы в торговле с Ливией, ей удалось стабилизировать положение своих граждан и закрепить захваченную ими ранее собственность. Великобритания, по договору от 20 июля 1953 года, получила почти неограниченное право использовать в военных целях порты и аэродромы Ливии, создала ряд военных баз, полигонов и центров, за что выплачивала ливийскому правительству ежегодно 3,25 млн.фунтов стерлингов. Американцы на основании соглашения от 9 сентября 1954 г. оставили за собой самую большую на севере Африки военно-воздушную базу Уилус-Филд, близ Триполи, которой они владели с 1945 года, а также опутали ливийскую территорию целой сетью постов и взлетно-посадочных площадок. За это американцы обязались заплатить в течение 20 лет 40 млн.долларов, но в связи с протестами ливийской общественности в 1955 году увеличили платежи до 10 млн.долларов ежегодно. Согласно такому же «договору», заключенному 10 августа 1956 года, Франция тоже оставила свои войска на юге Ливии и продолжала использовать имевшиеся и строить новые аэродромы и базы (их всего у французов было 27, в том числе в Себхе, Гате, Гадамесе и др.). Наряду с этим западные державы укрепили свои экономические позиции в Ливии, а после того, как в конце 50-х годов была найдена нефть, туда устремились иностранные нефтяные концерны. К 1960 году только американские капиталовложения в нефтепромышленность Ливии достигли 350 млн.долларов. 1 сентября 1969 года, во время нахождения на лечении в Бурсе (Турция), был свергнут в результате заговора, организованного ливийскими военными (группа «Свободные офицеры», насеристского толка) во главе с Муаммаром Каддафи. Желая вернуть власть в Ливии, вначале пытался найти поддержку в Великобритании, однако затем отказался от этих планов. В эмиграции жил в Египте, где и умер в Каире 25 мая 1983 года. Роль и место национальной армии в политической жизни Ливии видоизменялись в зависимости от характера государственного устройства и отношения руководства страны к вооружённым силам и выполняемым ими задачам. До второй половины 60-х годов прошлого века вооружённые силы Ливии развивались медленно. Мухаммад Идрис не хотел иметь сильной армии. Он боялся, что по примеру соседнего Египта военные могут свергнуть монархию, и поэтому держал их под особым контролем. Офицерский корпус в первые годы после обретения независимости был тесно связан с монархическим режимом. Но постепенно состав среднего и младшего офицерства качественно менялся за счёт пополнения выходцами из средних слоев. После поражения арабов в войне с Израилем в 1967 г. в стране и особенно в армии усилились патриотические настроения, с которыми монархический режим не мог не считаться. В офицерском корпусе усиливался антимонархизм. В 1964 году молодые офицеры Муаммар Каддафи, Абдель Салам Джеллуд, Абу Бакр Джабер и ряд других создали подпольную организацию «Свободные офицеры юнионисты-социалисты» (СОЮС). Её целями провозглашены: свержение монархии, освобождение страны от экономического господства империализма, ликвидация иностранных военных баз, преодоление вековой отсталости, установление социальной справедливости, достижение арабского единства. Лозунгом организации был девиз: «Свобода, единство, социализм». На СОЮС оказали сильное влияние идеи египетской революции 1952 г. и её руководителя Г.А.Насера. В целом же «свободные офицеры» не имели большого опыта политической и общественной деятельности, сколько-нибудь определённой программы социальных преобразований и, тем более, сложившихся политических убеждений. Однако, несмотря на молодость и отсутствие опыта, М.Каддафи и его соратники смогли успешно наладить работу хорошо законспирированной революционной организации. С целью пополнения своего образования многие члены СОЮС поступили на учёбу в местный университет, изучали принципы и методы государственного управления, приобретали политические, экономические, финансовые, правовые и дипломатические знания. Возрастающее брожение в армии, усиление общей напряженности в стране способствовали укреплению рядов СОЮС. К 1969 г. в состав организации входили уже офицеры всех видов вооружённых сил, в том числе отдельные представители старшего офицерства. К этому времени даже многие военные, преданные Мухаммад Идрису, отчетливо понимали, что только упреждающая смена власти может спасти страну от беспорядков, которые ожидались после смерти престарелого монарха. В начале 1969 г. Каддафи решил, что СОЮС сможет мобилизовать достаточно сил для свержения королевского режима. К марту приготовления к захвату власти заканчиваются. Был разработан четкий план действий с учетом различных обстоятельств, включая возможное иностранное вмешательство. В ночь с 31 августа на 1 сентября 1969 г. «Свободные офицеры» совершили переворот. Верные им части быстро и практически без потерь захватили важнейшие объекты в Триполи и Бенгази. Были арестованы члены королевской семьи, ряд высших офицеров и министров. Страна была провозглашена Ливийской Арабской Республикой. Власть перешла к Совету революционного командования (СРК) в составе 24 человек (всего к моменту переворота в СОЮС было 200 офицеров). 4 сентября капитан М.Каддафи официально стал председателем СРК, а 8 сентября ему было присвоено воинское звание полковник. В первые месяцы после революции Совет выполнял роль «теневого» военного кабинета, контролируя армию и ключевые звенья госаппарата. В Ливии фактически был установлен военный режим. На основании новых источников можно сделать заключение о положительной роли эмира Мухаммада Идриса в борьбе за независимость страны как на внутреннем так на внешнем уровне. Мухаммад Идрис сумел гибко вести себя среди многочисленных и сильных кланов, претендовавших на ведущее положение в стране. Эти кланы имели безраздельную власть на местах, но они нередко бледно выглядели на общенациональном ливийском уровне, где требовалась гибкость в отношениях с западными странами. Мухаммад Идрис имел авторитет среди националистически настроенного населения, в основном бедуинского, веками воевавшего со своими врагами и не желавшего никому подчиняться, кроме своих вождей. Он хорошо понимал эти настроения и умело использовал их в своих целях, что и сделало его лидером. А все последующие события на международном уровне показали, что равной по значимости фигуре Мухаммада Идриса в то время так и не нашлось. Поэтому неуемная деятельность Мухаммада Идриса дала возможность перевесить чашу политических весов в его пользу и добиться главного — получить власть над всей Ливией. Титулы: 24 декабря 1951 — 25 апреля 1963: Malik al-Mamlaka al-Libiyya al-Muttahida (Король Объединённого Ливийского Королевства); 25 апреля 1963 — 1 сентября 1969: Malik al-Mamlaka al-Libiyya (Король Ливийского Королевства). Награды: Орден Османие (Nişan-ı Osmaniye) 1 класс (Османская империя); Орден Меджидие (Nişan-ı Mecidiye) 2 класс (Османская империя); Цепь Ордена Хусейна ибн Али (Иордания); Орден Мухамадийя (Марокко); Большая лента Ордена Нила (Египет); Орден Почётного легиона; Орден Независимости (Тунис); Национальный орден Кедра (Ливан); Орден «За заслуги перед Итальянской Республикой»; Орден Спасителя (Греция); Рыцарь Командор Ордена Британской империи (KBE) 22 декабря 1946; Рыцарь Большого Креста Ордена Британской империи (GBE) 30 апреля 1954 г. Литература: Рыжов К.В. Идрис Мухаммад ал-Махди ас-Сануси // Все монархи мира: Мусульманский Восток. XV-XX вв.: Справочник. — Москва: Вече, 2004. — Строаница 544. — (Все монархи мира); Идрис I (Люди и события) // Новое время. — Москва, 1960. — № 50. — Страница 21.

1891
Николай Иосифович Конрад
советский востоковед, академик Академии Наук СССР (1958). Родился в Риге (по другим данным в деревне Жуковка Орловской губернии). Окончил японско-китайский разряд факультета восточных языков Санкт-Петербургского университета (1912) и японское отделение ПВА (Практической восточной академии). Преподавал в Киевском коммерческом институте (1912—1914). Стажировался в Японии (1914—1917), изучал в Токийском университете японский и китайский язык, культуру и классическую литературу Японии. По возвращении на родину вместе с Е.Д.Поливановым некоторое время работал в Наркоминделе (перевёл, в частности, на японский язык «Обращение к народам Востока» и «Обращение к трудящимся и угнетенным всего мира»), был тесно связан с Китайским Советом рабочих депутатов в Петрограде. В 1919—1922 преподавал в Орловском университете, был его ректором. С 1922 преподаватель, с 1926 профессор Ленинградского института живых восточных языков (до 1938). Одновременно преподавал в Географическом институте ЛГУ. В 1934—1936 читал лекции в Институте Красной Профессуры. С 1931 научный сотрудник Института востоковедения Академии Наук СССР, возглавил там работу по изучению японских исторических документов эпохи Мэйдзи, а также занимался вместе с Н.А.Невским составлением японско-русского словаря. В 1934 избран членом-корреспондентом Академии Наук СССР. 29 июля 1938 был арестован, обвинён по статье 58-1а УК РСФСР (как японский шпион). Ведшие дело Конрада заместитель начальника отдела УНКВД ЛО Голуб, следователь Трухин, начальник отдела Соловьев, сотрудники Гаркавенко, Слепнев и другие систематически избивали его, держали по нескольку часов в «стойке». Конрад дважды отказывался от данных под пытками показаний. 10 ноября 1939 ОСО при НКВД СССР приговорен к 5 годам ИТЛ; отправлен в Канск. Зимой 1939/1940 работал в лагере на лесоповале. Благодаря хлопотам влиятельных лиц (в том числе президента Академии Наук СССР В.Л.Комарова) направлен в «шарашку», где работал с китайским и японским языками. Достоверно известно, что в первой половине 1941 занимался научной работой непосредственно в Бутырской тюрьме, где находился в связи с пересмотром дела. Освобожден постановлением ОСО при НКВД СССР 8 сентября 1941. С тех пор жил в Москве. Профессор Московского института востоковедения (1941—1950), МГУ. Действительный член Академии Наук СССР (с 1958). Научные интересы — японская классическая и современная литература, социально-экономическая и политическая история японского средневековья, система японского образования, классическая японская и китайская философия, лингвистика. Издал переводы на русский язык ряда памятников японской классической литературы («Исэ-моногатари», «Ходзэки» и др.). Широкую известность получила книга «Запад и Восток» (1966), прослеживающая культурно-исторические параллели и способы разного выражения одних и тех же идей в культурах Запада и Востока. Автор «советского извода» концепции «Восточного Ренессанса». Как педагог воспитал много учеников, создал ряд учебных пособий. Редактор «Большого японо-русского словаря» (1970), по широте представленного в нем материала до сих пор не превзойденного. В 1969 правительство Японии наградило Конрада орденом Восходящего солнца 2-й степени. Награжден 2 орденами Ленина, 2 др. орденами, а также медалями. Умер в Москве 30 сентября 1970 года. Библиография: Современная начальная школа в Японии. — Санкт-Петербург, 1913. — 156 страниц; Япония. Народ и государство. Исторический очерк. - Петроград, 1923. - 168 страниц; Исэ-Моногатари. Лирическая повесть древней Японии. / Перевод Н.И.Конрада. Петроград, Всемирная литература. 1923. 169 с = (ЛП). - Москва: Наука, 1979. - 288 страниц; Японская литература в образцах и очерках. - Ленинград, 1927. - 553 страницы; - Москва: Наука, 1991. - 551 страница (Библиотека отечественного востоковедения); Японский театр. Сборник статей. - Ленинград- Москва, 1928; Краткий очерк грамматики японского разговорного языка. - Ленинград: Ленинградский восточный институт, 1934. - 65 страниц; Синтаксис японского национального литературного языка. - Москва, 1937. - 375 страниц; Сунь-цзы. Трактат о военном искусстве. Перевод и исследование Н.И.Конрада. - Москва- Ленинград: Издательство Академии Наук, 1950. - 404 страницы; У-цзы. Трактат о военном искусстве. / Перевод Н.И.Конрада. - Москва: ИВЛ, 1958. - 131 страницы; Запад и Восток: Статьи. - Москва: Наука, 1966. - 519 страницы; (2-е издание) Москва.: Наука, 1972. - 496 страниц; Очерки японской литературы. Статьи и исследования. Москва: ХЛ, 1973. - 462 страницы; Японская литература. От «Кодзики» до Токутоми. Очерки. - Москва: Наука, 1974. - 567 страниц; Избранные труды: История. - Москва: Наука, 1974. - 471 страницы; Избранные труды: Синология. - Москва: Наука, 1977. - 621 страницы; - Москва.: Ладомир, 1995. - 621 страницы; Избранные труды. Литература и театр. - Москва.: Наука, 1978. - 462 страницы; Очерк истории культуры средневековой Японии, 7-16 вв. - Москва.: Искусство, 1980. - 144 страницы; Неопубликованные работы. Письма. - Москва: Российская политическая энциклопедия, 1996. - 543 страницы. Литература: Брагинский И.С. Об основных чертах литературоведческой концепции академика Н.И.Конрада (к 80-летию со дня рождения) // Народы Азии и Африки. Москва, 1971. № 2. Страницы 139-146; Штейн В.М. Исследования академика Н.И.Конрада по истории древнекитайского военного искусства // Китай.Япония. История и филология. Москва, 1961. Страницы 39-44. Литература: Жуков Е., К семидесятилетию академика Н.И.Конрада, в сборнике: Китай, Япония, Москва, 1961; Брагинский И.С., Более полувека в научном строю, в книге: Историко-филологические исследования, Москва, 1967; Глускина А.Е., Н.И.Конрад, "Проблемы востоковедения", 1961, № 1; Н.И.Конрад. (Некролог), "Народы Азии и Африки", 1970, № 5.

1892
Марк Николаевич Жирков
якутский композитор, заслуженный деятель искусств Якутской АССР (1941) и РСФСР (1947). Родился в Вильнюсе. В 1936 окончил композиторское отделение Московской консерватории по классу И.И.Дубовского. Тогда же организовал Якутский народный хор и руководил им до 1940. В 1940—1947 художественный руководитель Музыкального театра-студии в Якутске. С 1947 возглавлял сектор искусствоведения Института языка, литературы и истории Якутского филиала Академии Наук СССР. Автор музыки к спектаклям Якутского драматического театра. Написал совместно с Г.И.Литинским первые якутские оперы "Ньюргун Боотур" (Якутск, 1947), "Сычьш Кырынаастыыр" (Якутск, 1947) и балет-сказку "Полевой цветок" (Якутск, 1947), балет "Алый платочек" (1949). Автор (совместно с Г.Лобачевым и др.) песен на слова якутских поэтов ("Песня о Родине", "Над Якутском", "Песня охотника", "Весной" и др.). Записывал и обрабатывал якутские народные песни. Издал сборник "Якутские песни для голоса и хора с сопровождением фортепиано" (Москва — Ленинград, 1948). Умер в Якутске 15 апреля 1951 года.

1892
Евгений Петрович Терлецкий
участник революционного движения и борьбы за установление Советской власти на Украине. Член Коммунистической партии с 1920, с зачетом партийного стажа с 1919. Родился в селе Лозовый Яр, ныне Яготинского района Киевской области, в семье священника. Окончил духовную семинарию. С 1908 член ученических революционных кружков. Окончил Санкт-Петербургский психоневрологический институт (1915), Аграрный институт красной профессуры (1932). С 1911 эсер, вел работу в Санкт-Петербурге и на Украине. После Февральской революции 1917 член Петроградского совета. Левый эсер, член ЦК. В апреле — декабре 1917 член, затем председатель Полтавского совета. Участник заседания Учредительного Собрания 5 января, III съезда Советов РСД. В декабре 1917—1918 народный секретарь по земельным делам Украины; член украинской делегации на мирных переговорах с в Брест-Литовске. В 1918—1919 один из руководителей партизанского движения, ответственный секретарь левых эсеров — борьбистов, член Всеукраинского ревкома, один из организаторов убийства генерал-фельдмаршала Эйхгорна. В октябре 1918 подвергся расстрелу, но выжил. Секретарь ЦК боротьбистов, с 1920 в РКП(б).
          Libya İş İlanları – Libya İş Başvurusu 4000 Dolar Maaş yazısına İlhan Gül tarafından yapılan yorumlar      Cache   Translate Page      
Asfalt plent operatorüyüm ekibim var iş arıyorum 05078269895 numarada ulaşa bilirsiniz
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Merhaba. Ben inşaat mühendisiyim ihtiyaç olduğu takdirde yurtdışına gidebilirim.0546 646 48 06
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Merhabalar ben Kayseri'den Ramazan AŞ'ma tavan alçıpan adına her turlu ısı yapıyorum ayrıca bordeks betopan stropıyer kartonpiyer ısı yalıtımı ıç ve dış ıslerını yapıyorum konumumda uzmanım benim için yeri yurdu ihale bölgesi olması hiç sorun değil istediğiniz ülkede çalışırım
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Merhaba ben kemal Özkan Gündoğdu 12 yıldır yüksek gerilim arıza bakim personeli olarak calisiom 8 yıl tir soferlik yaptım Mikser şöferlik yaptım yurtdışında Çalışmak istiyorum 5417463108
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Otomotiv oto boyacısıyım hidromekte çalıştım her türlü boya tabancası kullandım airlens pompa tabancası kullandım macun silikon gibi ince işler yaptım yaşım 40 çelik konsuktiyon gibi işlere boyadım tel 0535 231 41 86 numaram iş arıyorum saygılarımla
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Ayrıca pasaportum bir yıl süre ile vardır
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Merhaba daha önce inşaat işinde çalıştım vasıfsız olarak şöförlüğüm iyidir 30 yasındayım ve istenilen her alanda gorev alabilirim
          Med hjelp fra EU fortsetter marerittet i Libya       Cache   Translate Page      

Flyktninger som forsøker å krysse Middelhavet blir stoppet av libyske styrker og solgt til menneskesmuglere. I interneringsleirer opplever de tortur. Alt dette som en konsekvens av avtalen med EU.

 


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          Jeanine Pirro’s history of anti-Muslim attacks       Cache   Translate Page      


Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

During her March 9 show, Fox News host Jeanine Pirro suggested to viewers that Rep. Ilhan Omar’s (D-MN) hijab was "indicative of her adherence to sharia law, which in itself is antithetical to the United States Constitution." Amid widespread criticism of her hateful remarks, Fox News responded that the network “strongly condemn[s] Jeanine Pirro's comments,” but took no further public action. Pirro herself claimed that her “intention was to ask a question and start a debate" and that “of course because one is Muslim does not mean you don’t support the Constitution.” But this isn’t the first time Pirro has made hateful and extremist comments about Muslims while appearing on Fox News.

Here are some of Pirro’s prior attacks on Muslims:

Just last month, Pirro suggested that Omar should be grateful to be in the United States because “she is an empowered Muslim woman, while many Muslim women aren't allowed to be educated and they just started driving.” From the February 16 edition of Fox News' Justice with Judge Jeanine
 

JEANINE PIRRO (HOST): And the amazing part is she’s a freshman congresswoman, and I believe she came to the United States as a refugee, and now she’s in our Congress claiming that the Jewish state -- that Israel and Jews are what? Evil?

PIRRO: Have you heard that anyone who is going to move to remove her from Foreign --

QANTA AHMED (CONSERVATIVE COLUMNIST): No. And I think this presents a dilemma for the left. Speaker [Nancy] Pelosi, just like American Muslims have a liability in this woman, they have a liability in this congresswoman. She is showing the marriage of left-wing politics in the Democrats with Islamism. Bernie Sanders congratulated her and said he stands with his Muslim brothers and sisters. To me, he stands with Islamists, and they do not distinguish between the two. It's very problematic. The Islamism only succeeds by portraying itself as a victim and left-wing politics thrives on victimization, victim ideology. She's no victim, as you said. She came as an asylum seeker. She's moved to one of the highest offices in the land within 23 years. What other country gives a refugee that opportunity?

PIRRO: She is an empowered Muslim woman, while many Muslim women aren't allowed to be educated and they just started driving.

During an unhinged rant in 2015 about “radical Muslim terrorists,” Pirro repeatedly fearmongered about Islam and Muslims. She claimed that “this Islamic cancer metastasizes throughout the world” and argued that Muslims “have conquered us through immigration” and “through interfaith dialogue.” In the same screed, she claimed “there is a reverse crusade in progress” and said that “there will be efforts to limit our First Amendment, our free speech, to comply with Sharia blasphemy laws.” From the January 10, 2015 edition of Fox News' Justice with Judge Jeanine

JEANINE PIRRO (HOST): We need to kill them. We need to kill them. The radical Muslim terrorists hellbent on killing us. You’re in danger, I’m in danger. We’re at war and this is not going to stop. After this week’s brutal terror attacks in France, hopefully everybody now gets it. And there’s only one group that can stop this war: the Muslims themselves. Our job is to arm those Muslims to the teeth, give them everything they need to take out these Islamic fanatics. Let them do the job. Let them have at it. And as they do, we need to simply look the other way. It is time for this to be over, and stop sending American dollars to any Arab country that does not support this mission. Pakistan at the top of the list. Force Arab nations to choose: They’re either with us or they’re against us. And stop with this nuclear negotiation nonsense. They don’t operate the way we do. You can’t negotiate, you can’t mediate, and you can’t bargain. You can’t even reason with these people.

Now I’ve been telling you for a year that they’re coming for us. That there is a reverse crusade in progress -- a Christian genocide. Hundreds of thousands of innocents killed in the Middle East. Seven months ago, I said that we need to bomb ISIS, as it began its steamroll through Iraq -- bomb them, bomb them, and bomb them again -- for which I was roundly criticized. Our country’s response to this threat? The FBI destroys tens of thousands of documents deemed offensive to Islam. The CIA removes the word “Islamic” before “terrorist” in those Benghazi talking points. The Fort Hood massacre, the Oklahoma beheading? Both “workplace violence.” Are we morons?

And as we cower to these Islamic fanatics, our president and former Secretary of State [Hillary] Clinton say they will prosecute the man who made the video, free speech be damned. They call murders accompanied by “Allah akbar,” “workplace violence.” This surender is nothing more than a coward's response to the fear of this fanatical terrorism. And this political correctness will be the death of us. They can kill us but we can’t hurt their feelings? I’m surprised the president hasn’t signed a new executive order that simply says, “Don’t offend Muslims.” And make no mistake -- as sure as I’m talking to you, there will be efforts to limit our First Amendment, our free speech, to comply with Sharia blasphemy laws which call for death to those who slander the Prophet Muhammad.

Our government’s response to the terror threat is to have an interfaith dialogue to try to understand and empathize with the enemy. And when they want to shut us up, they call us Islamophobes. Muslim groups like CAIR and the Nation of Islam have been integrated into our society, Muslims invited to worship at our National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. We’re directed by a political correctness that is so bizarre, so disconnected from reality that it does nothing but assist our enemy in our own destruction. They have conquered us through immigration, they have conquered us through interfaith dialogue, and they have conquered us by co-opting our leaders into a position of embarrassment.

As this Islamic cancer metastasizes throughout the world -- Boko Haram in Nigeria, al-Shabab in Somalia, Ansar al-Sharia in Libya, Al Qaeda, ISIS -- and as it goes through Europe, it is headed our way.

"Stop defending Islam, start protecting Americans": After Obama noted violence carried out in the name of religion isn't limited to Islam, Pirro furiously listed off violent attacks by Muslim perpetrators. Pirro cited violent incidents by Muslim perpetrators (while ignoring that right-wing terror was considered the main terrorist threat in the U.S.), asking, “Mr. President, please identify what other violence is being committed against Americans in the name of any other religion -- or is it just a coincidence?”

JEANINE PIRRO (HOST): Mr. President, what’s most interesting is that with the crusaders you so easily identify them as Christians. Why is it so hard for you to identify today’s jihadi terrorists as Muslim? Throw a rock at Christians, no problem, but never speak of Islamic terrorists. Mr. President, aside from the obvious that was then and this is now, the Quran is interpreted by some as demanding jihad, the taxing or killing of nonbelievers, and a worldwide caliphate. And surprise -- today’s terrorists are beheading, imposing that same jizya tax, and in their march to create an even bigger Islamic State. Stop apologizing and stop pussyfooting around with this language dance. We get it -- not all Muslims are terrorists. It was Egypt, a country of 90 percent Muslim that rose up against the jihadists who were also Muslim.

Consider this: The first World Trade center attack in 1993 -- by Muslims. The USS Cole bombers were Muslim. The Fort Hood shooter was Muslim. The shoe bomber was Muslim. The underwear bomber was Muslim. The Boston bombers were Muslim. The September 11 hijackers were Muslim. Mr. President, please identify what other violence is being committed against Americans in the name of any other religion -- or is it just coincidence?

You identify terrible deeds in the name of the Christ. Why not identify terrible deeds in the name of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam? Calling Fort Hood “workplace violence” is a joke. People can’t believe that that’s how you characterize it. But then again, your administration erases words out of reports identifying terrorists as Islamic. Stop defending Islam, start protecting Americans. Stop saying what Islam doesn’t stand for, and start saying what you as our president intend to do about this.

During a 2016 appearance on Fox’s Hannity, Pirro suggested Middle Eastern refugees were violent and couldn’t assimilate. She said this about Middle Eastern refugees: “We've got these guys beating their wives, you've got domestic violence, you've got them hating gays, and we are bringing them to this country. We think they're going to assimilate. They are not.” She also agreed with host Sean Hannity that “this is a clash of cultures.” From the September 20, 2016 edition of Fox News' Hannity

SEAN HANNITY (HOST): I honestly think that the issue of not saying "radical Islam," Jay -- and there's such a difference between Hillary and Donald Trump -- the issue of vetting refugees and allowing people that come from cultures that clash -- directly clash with our Constitution, that Americans fundamentally understand that we have to know if they're coming here to become American and assimilate or do they want to proselytize and bring their value system, which is the opposite of ours, with them?

JEANINE PIRRO: It is insane. It's insanity. But when we've got these guys beating their wives, you've got domestic violence, you've got them hating gays, and we are bringing them to this country. We think they're going to assimilate. They are not. And what we've got to do, they've got to move their citizenship --

HANNITY: This is a clash of cultures.

PIRRO: Exactly.

During another appearance on Hannity, Pirro claimed the United States needs to know if refugees or immigrants “believe in Sharia law,” arguing that if they do, “that means it is inconsistent with the Constitution. You do not believe in free speech, you do not believe in women's rights, you do not believe in gay rights.” From the May 24, 2017 edition of Fox News' Hannity

SEAN HANNITY (HOST): How is it that if somebody comes from a country with what I call a clash of cultures -- where they literally believe men should tell women how to dress, and men should tell women if they can go on an airplane and travel or leave the house without a male relative, where gays and lesbians are killed, where Christians and Jews are persecuted -- I'm trying to fully and completely understand why, if you come from that country, we need to know -- do you believe that? Do you want to proselytize us or do you want to join our family?

JEANINE PIRRO: You know, Sean, that is exactly the issue. Do you believe in Sharia law, and if you believe in that, that means it is inconsistent with the Constitution. You do not believe in free speech, you do not believe in women's rights, you do not believe in gay rights. All the things that they would trash you and me for if, God forbid, we didn't believe in those rights, we are willing to allow people that we know are individuals -- actually, we don't know who they are -- to come here, stick to their own rules, and then say, “Gee, if they kill us, well, we have to make sure that nobody commits a crime of hate.” This is hogwash, Sean. And what is happening in the U.K. --

HANNITY: See, you're xenophobic, you're homophobic, you're a racist.

PIRRO: I am not.

HANNITY: Well, that's what the left says.

PIRRO: I am none of those things.

HANNITY: Neither am I.

PIRRO: And I'll tell you why, Sean, and neither are you. The problem is that we expect these people to integrate. And one of the issues is -- and assimilate. One of the issues is they don't want to. And now we've got people in Congress saying because they are de facto segregated from the rest of us that we have to understand that they’re angry with us. We let them in the country.

In 2016, Pirro argued that “we’ve got to start having a conversation about surveillance in mosques” and said she agreed with former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich that the United States should “test every person here who is of a Muslim background, and if they believe in Sharia, they should be deported.” From the July 15, 2016 edition of Fox News' Fox & Friends

JEANINE PIRRO: I agree with [Newt Gingrich]. I totally agree with him. We have a president who is an apologist. Look, I'm an amateur and in June of 2014 when I first heard about ISIS, I said bomb them, bomb them, and then bomb them again. I took some heat, but I was right. They were the JV team then. If we had done something, if this president would stop apologizing for what we do, what we are, and stop saying, “You Christians, it's your turn,” as he did at a prayer breakfast, then maybe America would be united in a way where we understand that they're coming. They're here, we're next. I've got to tell you I'm as aggravated as everyone who sat in this chair today. If we've got people standing in the blood of innocent victims when they go for an innocent celebration, then we've got to recognize that we've got a problem at the top of this country.

Our president didn’t want to support [Egyptian President Abdel Fattah] el-Sisi. Thirty-five million Egyptians stood up and said, "We don't want the Muslim Brotherhood. We are Muslims, we don't want the Muslim Brotherhood." And this president would prefer to give tanks and airplanes to [former Egyptian President Mohamed] Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood, forget that. Right now, they are here, they're going to kill us. Women, children, it doesn't matter. We have got to declare war on them. We've got to start having a conversation about surveillance in mosques. We've got to make sure that in the jails these imams are going in and radicalizing people, they just want to kill us. I mean, how dumb are we? And Newt is right. We're sheep saying, “Why are the wolves killing us?” Or, “Be nice to the wolves, not all wolves are bad.” Baloney!

While guest hosting on Hannity, Pirro asked an imam if “Muslims here in America need to speak out more to try to prevent [terrorist] attacks from happening?” and then cut him off and told another guest that “the Muslim community is not coming forward.” From the December 27, 2016 edition of Fox News' Hannity

JEANINE PIRRO (GUEST HOST): That was President-elect [Donald Trump] during his recent thank you tour vowing to fight radical Islam. After the latest terror attack in Europe and the radical Islamist threat growing around the world, do Muslims here in America need to speak out more to help to try to prevent these attacks from happening?

PIRRO: We have got this Islamic threat. You don't deny that?

IMAM MOHAMMAD ALI ELAHI: Well, judge, before I start --

PIRRO: That's a yes or no. Let’s start with a premise, there is an Islamic threat facing the United States, correct? Yes or no?

ELAHI: Well, let me answer this way. First of all --

PIRRO: No.

ELAHI: I'm going to answer your question. But let me first of all say, I mean, to the Pope Francis prayer for peace in Christmas ceremony --

PIRRO: I'm happy for the Pope.

ELAHI: Peace for Syria, peace for Yemen, peace for Iraq, peace for Holy Land, for Africa. And also peace for America, an America free of racism and hatred and intimidation and violence and crimes, and everything.

PIRRO: What’s your point?

ELAHI: My point is that first of all the expression of “Islamic radical” is kind of hijacking the identity of the Muslims.

PIRRO: OK, all right, you don't like the term. You don't like the term.

ELAHI: It is like somebody --

PIRRO: Can I ask you a question? Who is responsible for the World Trade Center? Who is responsible for San Bernardino? Orlando? Paris? All right, Imam, you know what, you got all your time.

PIRRO: Brigitte, the Muslim community is not coming forward. So Imam, I'm going to give you another chance, I'm going to give you another chance. Otherwise we're going to finish totally with Brigitte. All right, here is the chance. Should the family of the San Bernardino attackers, who saw the weapons, who saw all of the instruments that they used, should they have said something and why didn’t they?

In 2017, Pirro claimed that President Donald Trump’s Muslim ban is targeted at “Joe Schmo Muhammad,” who is from a country where “they promised to send in individuals and jihadists to kill us.” From the February 10 edition of Fox News' Fox & Friends:

JEANINE PIRRO: This is -- and let me make one thing perfectly clear: If you are not a citizen of the United States of America, you do not have the right to come to the United States, period, end of the story. The president has a plenary authority, the power to determine who comes into this country. And all this talk about constitutional rights -- if you are from Somalia, I got a news flash, you do not have constitutional rights in this country. And Congress has agreed with the plenary power authority of the president in terms of national security and immigration with, what is it, 8 U.S.C., what is it, 1182-F. When they said that the president at any time can make a decision to block an alien from coming to this country. So it's not about people with green cards. It's about Joe Schmo Muhammad, who doesn't have any vetting from another country that -- where they promised to send in individuals and jihadists to kill us.


          Libya, Avrupa ülkelerinin çatışmanın taraflarına silah sağlanmasından rahatsızlığını dile getirdi      Cache   Translate Page      
Avrupa ülkelerine sert tepki!
Libya'da uluslararası meşruiyete sahip Ulusal Mutabakat Hükümeti (UMH) Başkanlık Konseyi Başkanı Fayiz Serrac, Avrupalı büyükelçilerle buluşmasında, ‘çatışmanın taraflarına silah sağlanmasından‘ rahatsızlığını dile getirdi.
          'Kral’a suikastın arkasında BAE var'      Cache   Translate Page      
'Kral’a suikastın arkasında BAE var'
Katar Başbakan 2. Yardımcısı Hamed el-Atıyye, 2003 yılında Suudi Kral Abdülaziz’e suikast planı yapan Libyalı istihbaratçının BAE tarafından yönlendirildiğini açıkladı.
          North Korea trading in arms, oil and luxury goods despite sanctions, U.N. panel finds      Cache   Translate Page      

Selling arms to rebels in Yemen, Libya and Sudan. Smuggling coal and oil from ship to ship in the middle of the ocean. Diplomats and ship captains carrying bulks of cash. Cyberattacks, including one involving more than 14,000 ATM withdrawals in 28 countries.

Those are just some of the increasingly...


          ليبيا: فيديو..رئيس المجلس الرئاسي يجتمع مع رؤساء البعثات الدبلوماسية لدول الاتحاد الأوروبي      Cache   Translate Page      

اجتمع رئيس المجلس الرئاسي لحكومة الوفاق الوطني فايز السراج اليوم الثلاثاء بمقر المجلس بالعاصمة طرابلس مع عدد من السفراء ورؤساء البعثات الدبلوماسية لدول الاتحاد الاوروبي المعتمدين لدى ليبيا، وذلك بحضور كل من وزير الخارجية السيد محمد سيالة، ووزير الداخلية السيد فتحي باشاغا، والمستشار السياسي للرئيس السيد طاهر السني، ومدير الإدارة الأوروبية بوزارة الخارجية السيد حاجي دهان، وسفير ليبيا لدى الاتحاد الأوروبي السيد حافظ قدور . 

ورحب السراج بالسادة السفراء، مثمنا جهود الاتحاد الأوروبي لتحقيق الاستقرار في ليبيا وشدد على أهمية عودة السفارات للعمل من مقارها في العاصمة طرابلس، واستعرض سيادته مستجدات الأوضاع في ليبيا مؤكدا على الحل السياسي للأزمة الراهنة، وإجراء انتخابات على قاعدة دستورية سليمة، ليقول الشعب كلمته عبر صناديق الاقتراع.
وانتقد السراج التدخلات السلبية لبعض الدول، كما عبر عن انزعاجه من استمرار  تقديم السلاح لأطراف الصراع وبما يساهم في تعقيد واطالة عمر الازمة.

من جانبهم اجمع السفراء على دعمهم لحكومة الوفاق الوطني، مشيدين بتصريحات السيد الرئيس عن الثوابت التي تشمل مدنية الدولة وتوحيد المؤسسات السيادية، واكدوا على دعم خط المبعوث الاممي السيد غسان سلامة لتحقيق الاستقرار في ليبيا، واهمية  عقد المؤتمر الوطني الجامع وفقا لهذه الخطة، ليناقش خلاله ممثلون عن كافة التوجهات والمكونات والمناطق ، سبل الخروج من الانسداد السياسي الحالي ، تمهيدا لانتخابات تشريعية ورئاسية. واعلن السفراء عن دعمهم لنهج الحوار واللقاءات ما بين الأطراف الليبية وآخرها لقاء ابوظبي.



على صعيد أخر، بحث الاجتماع الدعم الأوروبي لوزارات حكومة الوفاق الوطني في المجال الخدمي والإنساني، كما تم بحث ملفي الهجرة وحقوق الانسان .

وتطرق السراج خلال الاجتماع إلى أهمية عودة خطوط الطيران الأوروبية لتستأنف رحلاتها مع ليبيا، كما طالب برفع الحظر عن الطيران الليبي ليواصل رحلاته الى المطارات الأوروبية، أيضا تم بحث الاتفاق مع الاتحاد الأوروبي لتخصيص منح دراسية للطلبة الليبيين في الجامعات والمعاهد الأوروبية ، وتوفير فرص العلاج للمرضى الليبيين وتسهيل إجراءات منح التأشيرة.

          سوپرسکس ۸۹ داستان سک ۶۲ داستان سوپرسکس ۶۰ سگسی ۱۸ داستان سک ایرانی ۹ داستان کس ۹ جنیفر لوپزسکسی ۸ دانلود فیلم سکی ۸ فیلم سکی ۸ سوپرسكسي عرب      Cache   Translate Page      
Search Engine War :: داستان کس
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وقتی به هیچ کس برنمیخورد

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داستان کوتاه از پائولو کوئیلو - آریائیان

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          Meet SNC-Lavalin, the firm that Justin Trudeau is risking his career to save      Cache   Translate Page      
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau participates in an armchair discussion at the Ontario English Catholic Teachers Association Annual General Meeting in Ottawa on March 9, 2019.

SNC-Lavalin Group has had more than its share of woes lately. The company faces charges for bribery in Libya, posted two profit warnings for troubles in Chile and Saudi Arabia, and has lost almost half its value in nine months.


          El año 2011 marca el fin del "Fin de la Historia"      Cache   Translate Page      
Cuando el sistema obliga a la gente común a transformarse en revolucionarios, sabes que te encuentras al borde mismo de la historia.  

Escrito por Jerome E Roos y Traducido por Nicolás Caitán (Occupy Uruguay). Original version in English here. Tradução em português aqui.
Las revoluciones Tunecina y Egipcia. La Primavera Árabe. El default de Grecia que se avecina. La ruptura cada vez más probable de la eurozona. La segunda ola de la crisis financiera global. El regreso con venganza de la crítica sistémica del capitalismo. El llamado rotundo a nivel mundial por la democracia real. Las dramáticas manifestaciones contra la austeridad, la desigualdad y el neoliberalismo en España, Grecia, Chile e Israel. Los disturbios en Atenas, Londres y Roma. La ocupación de Wall Street y la propagación del movimiento a lo largo de los EE.UU. Las protestas en masivas de millones de personas en 1000 ciudades y 80 países el 15 de octubre. Incluso la muerte de Muammar Gaddafi.

Todo esto apunta en la dirección de una verdad simple pero inequívoca: el 2011 marca el Fin del Fin de la Historia. Más allá del horizonte plano de la democracia liberal y del capitalismo global, los acontecimientos de este año no sólo han abierto un nuevo capítulo en la saga del desarrollo de la humanidad, sino que han sentado las bases mismas de una interminable procesión de los capítulos más allá de esto. Lo que se está destrozando no es tanto el sistema democrático capitalista como tal, sino más bien la creencia utópica de que este sistema es la única manera de organizar la vida social en la eterna búsqueda de la libertad, la igualdad y la felicidad.

Hace casi veinte años, tras el colapso total de la Unión Soviética y el descrédito definitivo del comunismo de Estado, el politólogo norteamericano Francis Fukuyama conjeturó que “podríamos estar presenciando … no sólo el fin de la Guerra Fría, o el paso de un determinado período de la historia de la posguerra, sino el fin de la historia como tal: es decir, el punto final de la evolución ideológica de la humanidad y la universalización de la democracia occidental liberal como forma final de gobierno humano.” Dos décadas después de la publicación de El Fin de la Historia y al Útimo Hombre (The End of History and the Last Man), la tesis de Fukuyama parece más tambaleante que nunca.

Esto no es repetir el cliché sin fin de la izquierda de que el neoliberalismo está muerto – como Slavoj Žižek ha señalado, la ideología ya ha muerto dos muertes, primero como tragedia después de los ataques terroristas del 9/11, y después como farsa tras la caída financiera mundial de 2008 – sino más bien señalar que el neoliberalismo, como tal, por fin ha sido revelado por lo que siempre fue: una ideología zombie envuelta en torno a la cara de la humanidad, al igual que el calamar vampiro famoso Matt Taibbi, “despiadadamente empujando su embudo sangriento en todo lo que huele a dinero.”

El Emperador Neoliberal No Tiene Ropa
Mientras que 2001 y 2008 marcaron respectivamente, la muerte política y económica del neoliberalismo, 2011 marca el Fin del Fin de la Historia. Recién ahora le queda claro a la gente del mundo que, durante los últimos veinte años hemos simplemente vivido una mentira. De hecho, el consenso popular implícito que una vez legitimó el capitalismo democrático, ahora parece estar desentrañando rápidamente el esquema Ponzi financiero que sustentó la ilusión de su superioridad moral. Después de veinte años de estancamiento de los salarios, el rápido aumento de la desigualdad, el desempleo juvenil galopante y la alienación social generalizada, el estallido de la burbuja crediticia global por fin ha dejado al descubierto la esencia desnuda del sistema.

El capitalismo democrático de libre mercado no es lo que nos dijeron que era: como los últimos años lo han ampliamente demostrado, no es ni libre ni democrático. Se han librado guerras en nombre de las grandes petroleras a pesar de una abrumadora oposición popular. Se han hecho reducciones de impuestos en nombre de los grandes capitales a pesar de un enorme déficit presupuestario. Y ahora, bancos defectuosos están siendo rescatados y recortes draconianos del presupuesto impulsados en nombre de las Grandes Finanzas, a pesar de una abrumadora oposición popular y la evidencia incontrovertible de que esto sólo empeorara el déficit. El sistema ha dejado de tener sentido. Sus contradicciones internas se lo están comiendo desde dentro. Y la humanidad está finalmente despertando a esta realidad.

Así que hoy, una generación entera de jóvenes, privados de esperanza y oportunidad, se está levantando para disputar la absurda noción de que esta desastrosa situación, de alguna manera constituye la culminación de la “evolución ideológica de la humanidad.” ¿Es esto realmente lo mejor que podemos hacer? ¿Es este el nuevo orden utópico que Fukuyama previó cuando  denunció la victoria eterna de la democracia liberal y del capitalismo global sobre sus enemigos invisibles? Con los bancos en quiebra, Estados en quiebra y la deuda privada fuera de control, el mundo ideal de Fukuyama sin duda ha comenzado a parecer mucho más endeble ahora que el consumo desmedido alimentado por el crédito que lo sustenta se estrelló de cabeza en su propia e inevitable finalidad.

La magia se ha ido. El hechizo está roto. Y lo que los pueblos del mundo están tratando de dejar en claro a aquellos que están en el poder es que sabemosSabemos que el sistema está podrido en su núcleo. Sabemos que sus presuntos éxitos no soportan al escrutinio. Sabemos que la mayoría de sus grandes logros – desde los mercados de capital globales hasta la moneda única europea – fueron construidos sobre arenas movedizas financieras e institucionales. Ysabemos que toda la maldita cosa está a punto de derrumbarse como un castillo de naipes. De Tahrir a Times Square, de Madrid a Madison, de Santiago de Syntagma, sabemos que el emperador neoliberal  no tiene ropa.

Gaddafi y Fukuyama: del lado equivocado de la historia

Una de las descripciones más gráficas del Fin del Fin de la Historia es la sangrienta muerte de Muammar Gaddafi. Mientras que los escépticos tienen toda la razón de estar disgustados por la campaña imperial de la OTAN en Libia, muchos en la izquierda todavía no aprecian el enorme simbolismo detrás de la caída del Hermano Líder. Gaddafi, en cierto modo, era la encarnación definitiva del Fin de la Historia. Habiendo llegado al poder como un revolucionario socialista pan-árabe a finales de 1960, terminó como uno de los capitalistas más exitosos del mundo. Mientras que él continuó lamentando retóricamente los males del imperialismo occidental, parecía más que dispuesto a ofrecer el botín de su país a los mismos poderes neo-coloniales a los que tan ávidamente ridiculizó.

De acuerdo con un informe de 2008 que se publicó en Financial Times, Gadafi “ensalzó las virtudes de las reformas capitalistas”. Tratando a Libia como su empresa familiar, acogió a las grandes compañías petroleras, repartiendo contratos lucrativos a empresas occidentales como Eni y Shell. A continuación, dejó que las ganancias se acumularan en su fondo privado “soberano” de riqueza, mientras que alistó a Wall Street para reciclar el surplus de su capital para obtener ganancias adicionales. En el proceso, mientras que el pueblo libio se mantuvo paralizado por un subdesarrollo crónico, Gaddafi desvió  $168 billones de las riquezas de la nación en el extranjero. No es de extrañar que Occidente de pronto estuviera tan feliz de ser su amigo.

Sin embargo, lo que es más revelador acerca de Gaddafi no es su repentina conversión del libertador socialista al capitalista opresor, ni su estrecha relación con el establishment neoliberal de Occidente. Lo que es más revelador es su conexión personal con Francis Fukuyama. Ya en 2006-2008, Fukuyama fue parte de un grupo selecto de líderes intelectuales del mundo los que fueron reclutados – y generosamente remunerados – por Monitor Group, una firma de relaciones públicas con sede en E.E.U.U. asesorada por ex-directores del MI6 y de la CIA, para ayudar a pulir la imagen de Gadafi en Occidente, como parte de una ofensiva masiva diseñada para ayudar a legitimar la incursión de Libia en el Fin de la Historia. De acuerdo con documentos secretos filtrados por ex-funcionarios libios, “Fukuyama hizo dos visitas a Libia (del 14 al 17 de agosto de 2006 y del 12 al 14 enero de 2007).”

Fukuyama dio una conferencia en el Centro Griego del Libro en Trípoli y dio una clase sobre Libia en la Universidad Johns Hopkins. También ofreció una conferencia, titulada “Mis conversaciones con el líder”, que marcó “la primera vez en que el Libro Verde ha sido una lectura obligada para los estudiantes de una de las escuelas de política pública líder en el mundo.” Aparentemente, no sólo nosotros, sino el propio Fukuyama cree en Gaddafi como la encarnación del Fin de la Historia. Su derrocamiento, por lo tanto, incluso si nunca hubiera tenido éxito sin el poder militar de Occidente imperial, socava por completo la tesis de Fukuyama. Después de todo, si había llegado verdaderamente el Fin de la Historia, ¿cómo podría el autor de esta tesis terminar tan descaradamente él mismo en el lado equivocado de la historia?

El Colapso de la Zona Euro como el Fin del Fin

Pero Gaddafi no fue el único “error” histórico de Fukuyama . En respuesta a las acusaciones de que el Fin de la Historia fue un argumento puramente americocentrista, en 2007 Fukuyama escribió un artículo para The Guardian afirmando retroactivamente que “El Fin de la Historia nunca estuvo vinculado a un modelo específicamente estadounidense de organización social o política … Yo creo que la Unión Europea refleja con mayor precisión que los Estados Unidos comtemporáneo cómo se verá el mundo al final de la historia.” A juzgar por el destino de la Unión Europea, irónicamente resulta que Fukuyama, terminó teniendo razón de manera equivocada.

Como el New York Times publicó el otro día, “el euro fue un proyecto político destinado a unir a Europa tras el colapso soviético en una esfera de prosperidad colectiva que conduciría a un mayor federalismo. En cambio, el euro parece estar separando a Europa … (hay) una tensión en el sistema político y una duda acerca de las instituciones democráticas que no habíamos experimentado desde la caída de la Unión Soviética.” La profunda integración económica de Europa, en plena consonancia con la filosofía del Fin de  la Historia, produjo una situación tan tendiente a la crisis que el futuro de la economía mundial ahora depende de la suerte de un único Estado miembro de la UE – uno que sólo representa el 2 por ciento del PBI total de la UE: Grecia.

Pero Grecia es sólo el canario en la mina de carbón. Es un síntoma, no la causa de la crisis de Europa. Cuando Grecia declare el default, sólo será cuestión de tiempo antes de que los inversores pierdan la fe en Italia y España. Ambos son considerados demasiado grandes como para quebrar – pero también demasiado grandes como para ser salvados. El fondo de rescate europeo no es lo suficientemente grande como para salvarlos, y Alemania y Francia están atrapados en un callejón sin salida sobre la forma en cómo agrandarlo. Al mismo tiempo, el insolvente sistema bancario de Europa está al borde del colapso. Un default griego llevará   innumerables bancos a la quiebra, obligando a los gobiernos núcleo a repartir rescates masivos una vez más. Esto, a su vez, agravará aún más sus niveles de deuda soberana y por lo tanto sus calificaciones crediticias, llevando la crisis de la deuda “Griega” directo al corazón del capitalismo europeo.

El resultado en otras palabras, es que no hay manera fácil de salir de esta crisis – ni siquiera los tan alabados eurobonos, como Martin Wolf ha señalado recientemente para Financial Times. El euro, ese gran proyecto de la élite que estaba destinado a ser el pináculo de la integración europea, está vacilando. En este proceso, las instituciones post-ideológicas tecnocráticas de la UE han perdido los últimos vestigios de la legitimidad que les quedaba. El edificio se cae a pedazos, y francamente, nuestros líderes no tienen ni idea de qué hacer al respecto. La crisis de Europa, al final del día, es la crisis del mundo. Y está lejos de ser una crisis meramente económica: en el fondo, estamos frente a lo que Joseph Stiglitz ha llamado la crisis ideológica del capitalismo. Esto está obviamente muy lejos de ser el “punto final de la evolución ideológica de la humanidad”.

La Crisis del Capitalismo y el Retorno de lo Reprimido

Por lo tanto no es de extrañar, que el 2011 haya sido testigo del regreso – con venganza – de la crítica sistémica del capitalismo. En las últimas semanas, publicaciones pro libre mercado como el Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, Business InsiderFortune han admitido que en realidad Karl Marx podría haber estado en lo cierto acerca de la tendencia del capitalismo a la autodestrucción. La razón de este repentino resurgimiento de la crítica marxista de la economía política es doble: primero, la naciente comprensión entre las élites de que estamos entrando en un espiral hacia otra Gran Depresión. Y en segundo lugar, la represión sistemática de la imaginación radical que el mundo post-ideológico de Fukuyama ha provocado.

En este sentido, se puede dibujar una línea directa desde el eslogan de Margaret Thatcher, “no hay alternativa” (there is no alternative), a la respuesta de la política neoliberal sobre la crisis financiera. Mientras que los banqueros se han repartido bonos suntuosos, al resto de la población se le dice que simplemente no hay alternativa a las medidasdraconianas de austeridad. La narrativa ideológica es el misma en todas partes: “todos estamos juntos en esto, todos tenemos que apretarnos el cinturón”, pero en realidad el mensaje implícito es: “no se atrevan a imaginar una alternativa.” Sin embargo, como Matt Taibbi señaló recientemente, un impuesto pequeño del 0,1 por ciento sobre todas las operaciones en acciones y bonos y un impuesto de un 0,01 por ciento en todas las operaciones de derivados (derivatives), podría pagar la totalidad de los rescates financieros de los EE.UU., tornando el “necesario” apretarse el cinturón, innecesario. Esa es una alternativa creíble. ¿Por qué no se está discutiendo?

En 2009, Fukuyama publicó un artículo en Newsweek con el título triunfador “La historia todavía está acabada“, en el que afirmaba que, a pesar del hecho de que “la crisis comenzó en Wall Street -el corazón del capitalismo global – … la legitimidad del sistema global puede haber sido golpeada, [pero] no se rompió.” Dos años más tarde hubiese podido observar las quemas de las calles de Londres, Roma y Atenas; la ocupación pacífica de Wall Street, Puerta del Sol, Syntagma, y cientos de otras plazas en todo el mundo, el día mundial sin precedentes del 15 de octubre, con protestas en casi 1.000 ciudades en más de 80 países. Testigos de la ira. La frustración. La indignación. Es aquí. La legitimidad se está rompiendo. Fukuyama, al parecer, estaba festejando demasiado pronto.

En un sentido freudiano, estamos presenciando el retorno de lo reprimido. Si desde hace dos décadas se le dice a la gente que no hay alternativa al mundo en que viven, y si en el ínterin se le quitan sus ingresos, sus derechos, sus servicios públicos, y sus últimos rastros de dignidad, se  puede esperar que la represión psicológica del potencial revolucionario se manifieste de alguna u otra forma, tarde o temprano. Si se reprime una ideología coherente de emancipación de las masas, como el Fin de la Historia tuvo la intención de hacer, se termina literalmente con los disturbios incoherentes y a-políticos de Londres. En este sentido, lo más importante que las revoluciones de Túnez y Egipto han hecho fue ayudar a recordarle a la humanidad que en realidad hay una alternativa al status quo – que existe un “afuera” al capitalismo global sin restricciones.

El levantamiento de los Indignados y la Crisis de la Democracia
Las revoluciones árabes dieron coraje a los jóvenes alienados de Europa y América para comenzar a soñar de nuevo, para reclamar su imaginación radical de cara a una de las mayores crisis de legitimación en la historia de la democracia liberal. A medida que una conciencia crítica se abre paso de nuevo en el discurso dominante, la hegemonía cultural del neoliberalismo se encuentra en peligro nuevamente. Los primeros signos de esta conciencia crítica emergente comenzaron a aparecer en Madrid el 15 de mayo. Unos días más tarde, la BBC informó que una manifestación al estilo Egipcio estaba creciendo en España. Durante el próximo par de semanas, cientos de miles de personas de todas las clases sociales se manifestaron por la noche en todo el país a medida que el movimiento indignados se extendía portoda Europa.

El 17 de septiembre, el movimiento español 15-M culminó en un día de acción global contra los bancos y la ocupación de Wall Street, solicitada por la revista anti-consumista canadiense Adbusters. La protesta de Wall Street ayudó posteriormente a catalizar el próximo día mundial de acción, solicitado por los manifestantes españoles para el 15 de octubre. Bajo el lema “Unidos por el cambio global”, la resistencia global creció en proporciones verdaderamente sin precedentes, con protestas simultáneas en 1.000 ciudades en más de 80 países. Con su declaración ingenua de que “la legitimidad del sistema global no se rompió,” Fukuyama una vez más se encuentra del lado equivocado de la historia.

Después de todo, si la democracia liberal es realmente la culminación de la evolución ideológica humana, ¿cómo es que millones de personas están saliendo a las calles en todo el mundo demandando algo diferente? Si la democracia representativa es la misma cima, ¿por qué estos jóvenes cantan “no nos representan”, y ¿por qué claman por una verdadera democracia en su lugar? Como los movimientos de masas en Israel y Chile lo demuestran, el fenómeno no puede reducirse solo a la crisis, incluso sus economías en auge no pudieron detener la marea de indignación que inundó sus calles. La verdad, el problema va mucho más allá. Como a los indignados les gusta cantar, “no es la crisis, es el sistema.”

Zygmunt Bauman pone el dedo en el meollo del problema: mientras que la política se ha mantenido a nivel nacional, el poder se ha evaporado en los flujos globales. El cambio tecnológico y las reformas neoliberales han conspirado para crear una situación en la que gobiernos elegidos democráticamente ya no tienen el poder de transformar sus promesas en políticas. Nos encontramos con una situación donde el voto no es acerca de qué políticas nuestros gobiernos deben poner en práctica, sino más bien acerca de quién debe poner en práctica las políticas exigidas por el sector financiero. Llamar a esto democracia parece absurdo. El aumento de la indignación no es más que la realización colectiva de que la democracia representativa liberal, bajo las condiciones de una  profunda integración económica, no es realmente liberal o representativa en absoluto. El Fin de la Historia, en lugar de consolidar la democracia como la forma final de gobierno humano, la ha debilitado por completo.

El Borde de la Historia y el Retorno de la Política Contestataria
El Fin del Fin de la Historia no es lo mismo que el fin del neoliberalismo. Como vimos anteriormente, las ideologías zombi tienen su manera de vagar más allá de su fecha de caducidad. Mientras que haya capitalistas (o aspirantes a capitalistas), siempre habrá una forma u otra de la filosofía capitalista. El Fin del Fin de la Historia no es tanto acerca de la erradicación de la visión individualista del mundo del capitalismo, lo cual es imposible sin recurrir al tipo de tácticas de Estado represivas que estamos tratando de superar, sino más bien acerca del regreso de la acción política contestataria como la característica definitoria de la vida social. En otras palabras, el Fin del Fin de la Historia no es tanto acerca de la superación de la lucha política como de la constatación de que por definición, no podemos superarnunca la lucha política. Mientras haya injusticia, habrá lucha – y puesto que siempre habrá injusticia, siempre habrá lucha.

El Fin de la Historia, por lo tanto, no es ni posible ni deseable. El anhelo de una fase final de desarrollo institucional e ideológico, en el que los desacuerdos y conflictos han sido desterrados del reino de la realidad social, o es puramente totalitario o puramente utópico. Mientras que ciertos anhelos utópicos pueden servirnos de inspiración para elevarnos  a estadios cada vez más altos como especie, siempre debemos recordar que ningún orden social se da para siempre. Nuestra utopía siempre debe seguir siendo el deseo espiritual que nos impulsa a la acción, pero debemos aceptar el hecho de que nunca podrá convertirse en una realidad. La historia simplemente nunca termina. Como el neo-gramsciano Stephen Gill dijo, “la historia está siempre en elaboración, en una interacción compleja y dialéctica entre la acción (agency), estructura, conciencia y acción (action).” O, como el Subcomandante Marcos dijo de manera un poco más poética, “la lucha es como un círculo: se puede empezar en cualquier lugar, pero nunca se detiene.”

En un excelente artículo de opinión publicado días pasados en The Guardian, Jonathan Jones miró una imagen deOccupy Wall Street e hizo una observación sorprendente:
Esta es una fotografía de un punto de inflexión en la historia, no porque el movimiento Occupy necesariamente tendrá éxito (lo que sea que el éxito pueda ser), sino porque se ha puesto de manifiesto las posibilidades de cambios profundos en el debate en un mundo que hasta hace poco parecía estar de acuerdo acerca de los fundamentos económicos. Occupy Wall Street y el movimiento global que está inspirando pueden aún probar ser una llamada eficaz para el cambio, o pasar como una nube de verano. Ese no es el punto. Ni siquiera importa si la protesta es correcta o incorrecta. Lo que importa es que el capitalismo sin restricciones, una fuerza para el dinamismo económico que parecía inexpugnable, más allá del reproche o la reforma, un monstruo al que hemos aprendido a estar agradecidos, de repente encuentra su fealdad ampliamente comentada, expuesta entre las luces de Times Square. El Emperador de la economía no tiene ropa.
“Este es un momento increíble”, continúa. “Pellízcate tu mismo”. El 2011, con todas sus crisis y revoluciones, marca lo que Slavoj Zizek en su discurso en  Zuccotti Park, llamó “el despertar de un sueño que se está convirtiendo en una pesadilla.” Esto marca el regreso de la política contestataria. Y, como tal, marca el Fin del Fin de la Historia. No es que la historia se haya detenido alguna vez – simplemente nos confundimos por un tiempo por el colapso del archi-enemigo del capitalismo , y pensamos que así había sido. Pero el hecho de que la historia todavía se está haciendo queda capturado en los titulares de los diarios, en las poderosas fotografías, y en las palabras de una simple mujer de clase media en Grecia durante la huelga de 48 horas en octubre: “Nunca he sido de izquierda “, dijo, “pero nos han empujado a convertirnos en extremistas.” Cuando el sistema obliga a la gente común a transformarse en revolucionarios, sabes que no te encuentras en el Fin de la Historia. Te encuentras al borde mismo de ésta.
           Comment on Congresswoman Ilhan Omar May Be Shaping Up to Be One of the Most Courageous New Faces of Her Party by Anonymous       Cache   Translate Page      
Might be a good idea to check the spelling of the name of another country. It is Libya, not Lybia.
          French colonialism      Cache   Translate Page      

An anti-immigration Italian minister criticized France for colonialism in Africa.

It is true that France conquered a colonial empire in Africa. It ran its colonies for the profit of French business. Other European countries did likewise, including Belgium, Spain, Portugal, the UK, Germany, and Italy (in Libya, Eritrea and for a while Ethiopia).

However, this criticism of France is simplistic and exaggerated.

The situation in Africa today is, as a whole, the outgrowth of colonialism; it could not be otherwise. However, the causes of African poverty today also include religious wars, overpopulation, extraction of minerals, disease (including HIV and Malaria), tax evasion via tax havens, and making the people repay the loans received by past dictators.

I suppose France plays a role in that, but so do the US and China, which did not have colonies in Africa.

          The Hanoi Summit - What Happens Next in U.S.-North Korea Relations      Cache   Translate Page      

Ted Galen Carpenter

Despite the spin that both the Trump administration and the North Korean government adopted, the outcome of the Hanoi summit was a major disappointment. Widespread expectations existed that the meeting would at least produce a joint declaration ending the Korean War, the establishment of liaison offices in the two capitals, and some progress on the thorny issue of Pyongyang’s nuclear and missile programs. The abrupt end to the summit without even the publication of a joint communique was not according to script.

Both sides apparently wish to continue the bilateral dialogue, and that’s a good sign. However, the United States needs to adopt more limited, realistic goals. North Korea’s complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization remains a long-shot proposition at best. It would require a degree of mutual trust that does not exist now and is not likely in the foreseeable future. Washington’s duplicitous behavior toward Libya and Iran following agreements on their nuclear programs has hardly encouraged such trust.

Instead of continuing to pursue the chimera of an end to Pyongyang’s nuclear and missile programs, Washington should propose more modest, limited agreements. Indeed, if North Korea truly did seek only a partial lifting of sanctions in exchange for closing the Yongbyon reactor complex, Trump should have accepted that trade. Likewise, an understanding (written or unwritten) to continue the mutual restraint whereby North Korea refrains from conducting nuclear and missile tests and the United States puts its annual joint military exercises with South Korea on hold is a limited but constructive step. A peace declaration and the establishment of embassies (not just liaison offices) are both achievable, worthwhile accords. Such measures should be at the top of the agenda for the next summit.

Washington’s overall goal needs to reflect two changes. One is to establish a normal relationship with Pyongyang. That means ending the cold war hostility to the North Korean regime, despite its repression and brutality. A normal relationship likely also means learning to live with a North Korea that has at least a limited nuclear capability.

The other policy change should be to reduce America’s risk exposure. That means not remaining the point man in dealing with North Korea over the long term. After establishing a more stable bilateral relationship with Pyongyang, U.S. leaders should inform North Korea’s neighbors that they must now take primary responsibility for containing that country. It is both bizarre and unnecessary for the United States, located thousands of miles away, to be in charge of policy toward Pyongyang. East Asian countries that have more extensive interests at stake should have that task.

Ted Galen Carpenter, a senior fellow in security studies at the Cato Institute and a contributing editor at the National Interest, is the author of twelve books and more than 750 articles on international affairs. His latest book is Gullible Superpower: U.S. Support for Bogus Foreign Democratic Movements.
          Al Madar extends LTE to Benghazi, Misurata      Cache   Translate Page      
Libyan cellular operator Almadar Aljaded (Al Madar) has informed TeleGeography that it has extended its 4G LTE network to Benghazi and Misurata – the second and third largest cities in the country. According to Al Madar, the network is capable of delivering download speeds of up to 80Mbps. As previously reported by TeleGeography’s CommsUpdate, the cellco’s 4G network went live in capital city Tripoli in October 2018.
          Bukan sebab agama. Tapi kuasa ekonomi.      Cache   Translate Page      

(1)
Nak dapatkan kuasa ekonomi, perlu dapatkan kuasa pasaran. Jika terbatas pasaran di negara sendiri, wajib dapatkan pasaran negara orang.

Nak dapatkan kuasa pasaran, maka kuasa ketenteraan perlu kuat. Boleh menekan negara orang dengan kekuatan. Nak dapatkan kuasa ketenteraan, maka perlu menjadi kuasa ekonomi. Ini asas apa yang berlaku dalam dunia.

(2)
Dunia kini menjadi 2 paksi kuasa. Pertama blok Russia. Kedua blok US. Tidak ada blok Kristian atau blok Islam. Sunni atau syiah sebenarnya. Itu hanya kulit yang membenarkan tindakan.

Kebanyakan peperangan di negara2 dunia melibatkan 2 paksi ini. Saling berebutan untuk pasaran negara tersebut.

Perang Vietnam sebenarnya perang US-Russia. Korea, Afghanistan, Iran-Iraq, dan lain-lain. Perlawanan senjata juga melibatkan senjata US lawan senjata Russia.

(3)
Blok Russia adalah Iran, China, Korea Utara, Iran dan negara2 sosialis latin.

Blok US adalah negara komonwel, sebahagian besar Asia, Arab dan Eropah. Termasuk Malaysia yang claim diri negara berkecuali.

(4)
Ramai muslim yang tuduh US atau Russia akan meruntuhkan kuasa Islam. Contohnya, jika Malaysia laksanakan hudud, maka US akan halang.

Sebenarnya, polisi US dalam kontek negara mereka, mereka tak peduli pun. Melainkan sedikit kenyataan dasar negara. Yang akan peduli dan lawan hanyalah NGO dan media mereka.

Arab Saudi hudud pun US tak kacau. Malah sahabat. Asalkan kuasa pasaran Arab Saudi tunduk kepada US. Kuasa ketenteraan tunduk kepada US.

Negara2 blok US mungkin boleh aman dari Russia. Tetapi negara2 blok Russia sukar aman dari US.

(5)
Begitu juga kes dengan negara Syria. Syria adalah blok Russia. Ini bukan Syiah vs Sunni sebenarnya. Tetapi peluang US menjadikan Syria blok mereka.

Cumanya, kejahatan Basyar mengenai kuasa dalam negara menyebabkan dia enggan meredakan tentangan dengan skim peralihan kuasa yang Turki cadangkan. Letak jawatan, dan serahkan kepada pemimpin parti Baath yang lain.

(6)
Anda lihat Mesir pula. Satu negara blok US. Selepas Mubarak jatuh secara rakyat, Ikhwan ambil alih secara pilihanraya. Kemudian jatuh secara tentera.

Kemudian berlaku pembunuhan rakyat pro Morsi. Bangkit demi bangkit. Berbanding Libya dan Syria, kenapa tidak berlaku penentangan secara senjata oleh rakyat?

Inilah sebenarnya. Jika negara itu adalah blok Russia, maka US akan masuk dalam kebangkitan rakyat untuk supply senjata jenis yang sama dengan polisi kiblat senjata si pemerintah (senjata jenis Russia juga).

Dan oleh kerana Mesir sememangnya blok US, maka tidak berlakulah penentangan rakyat bersenjata. Walau rakyat dibunuh dan ulama mereka hari2 melaungkan jihad.

(7)
Penutupnya, Aktivis Kelantan menyeru kepada semua supaya tidak terperangkap dalam label dan sentimen. Fahami perjalanan duit dalam setiap perkara, maka anda akan dapat jawapannya dalam setiap perkara.

Salam Syawal. Maaf zahir batin.

Aktivis Kelantan (AK03)


          Collateral Damage [electronic resource] by DeFelice, Jim      Cache   Translate Page      
When the United States Air Force is drawn into conflict in Libya after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, Dreamland's Whiplash intervention team wields its latest invention—a highly advanced unmanned aerial drone—with tragic consequences. Now it's not only the future of Dreamland at stake—but NATO as well. An action-packed, page-turning military adventure, Collateral Damage: A Dreamland Thriller puts New York Times bestselling writing team of Dale Brown and Jim DeFelice in the ranks of such internatio
          No changes to Italy-Libya migration accord - Salvini        Cache   Translate Page      
 
          UN envoy to Libya meets Haftar in east of country        Cache   Translate Page      
 
          3/14/2019: World: North Korea dodging sanctions      Cache   Translate Page      

Selling arms to rebels in Yemen, Libya and Sudan. Smuggling coal and oil from ship to ship in the middle of the ocean. Diplomats and ship captains carrying bulk cash. Cyberattacks, including one involving more than 14,000 ATM withdrawals in 28...
          France Gifts Boats to Abusive Libyan Coast Guard       Cache   Translate Page      

Screenshot of a Channel 4 video showing the alleged conditions inside migrant camps in Libya, March 2019.

© Channel 4/YouTube

People shackled, beaten, burned, crushed, hung upside down, threatened, and detained in horrendous conditions: the images broadcast recently by Channel 4 News apparently showing the torture and inhumane conditions suffered by some migrants in Libya are unbearable to watch.    

They should trigger not only horror but anger too, because they expose France’s cynical and callous attitude on migration.  

Just days before the broadcast, French Defence Minister Florence Parly announced that France would give six boats to the Libyan Coast Guard (LCG). The Coast Guard will use the boats to intercept migrants attempting to cross the Mediterranean Sea to safety, and if they catch them, they will place them in arbitrary, indefinite, and abusive detention.

Since 2016, the European Union has poured millions of Euros into strengthening the LCG under the Government of National Accord, one of two competing authorities in Libya. Indeed, increase in interceptions by the LCG, including in international waters, combined with the obstruction of volunteer rescue vessels by Italy and Malta, has contributed to overcrowding and unsanitary conditions in Libyan detention centres.

While Italy has taken the lead in providing material and technical support to the LCG, unfortunately, France is following in their path.

This is deeply hypocritical because in November 2017, President Emmanuel Macron strongly condemned the abuse of migrants in Libya as “crimes against humanity,” when revealed by CNN, and both rights and humanitarian groups have since repeatedly warned the French government about the terrible abuses in detention centers. In January, a Human Rights Watch report exposed how EU programs designed to improve conditions in these centers have had little or no impact.

The EU’s efforts to prevent migrants leaving Libya for Europe significantly increase the risk that migrants will be exposed to abusive detention in Libya. Providing material support to the LCG while being fully aware of these consequences implicates France’s responsibility for serious human rights violations.

France should suspend delivery of its boats until Libyan authorities end the arbitrary detention and abuse of migrants. And instead of fuelling a relentless cycle of abuse, France should work with other EU Member States to maintain rescue operations at sea and allow disembarkation in a safe port as vulnerable people will continue to flee Libya’s horrors.


          The Battle for the Future of U.S. Foreign Policy Has Begun      Cache   Translate Page      

Ted Galen Carpenter

There are signs of growing congressional inconsistency, if not incoherence, regarding the authority of the president in foreign affairs. The legislature seeks to interfere on issues that are the president’s responsibility while still failing to fulfill its own constitutionally mandated responsibility regarding the war power.

An incident of misplaced assertiveness took place in January when the House of Representatives passed the NATO Support Act prohibiting the executive branch from using any funds to facilitate U.S. withdrawal from the Alliance in any way. The legislation appears to bar a drawdown of U.S. troop levels in Europe and any effort to terminate U.S. membership in NATO.

Enacting the legislation seemed weirdly premature. President Donald Trump has not even taken any substantive actions that might diminish U.S. participation in NATO affairs. He has merely criticized the allies for their lack of burden-sharing in the collective defense effort and (correctly) suggested that NATO itself might be “obsolete” given how much the European and global security environments have changed since the Alliance’s birth at the dawn of the Cold War against the Soviet Union.

The constitutionality of such restrictions also is highly suspect. The Constitution makes the president the steward of foreign affairs. Presidents historically have enjoyed wide latitude regarding the interpretation, execution, and even termination of U.S. treaties. Chief executives have enjoyed even greater latitude regarding troop deployments, especially in noncombat situations, and the nature, extent, and duration of military commitments to implement treaties or other agreements. Congressional interference in the form of the NATO Support Act would be truly revolutionary-and not in a good way. It is a transparent congressional attempt to usurp the president’s rightful constitutional authority and seek to micromanage U.S. foreign policy.

The NATO issue is not the only case in which congressional efforts are underway to seize control of foreign-policy decisions from the executive. A faction in both houses is now pushing a measure that would prevent the White House from failing to honor U.S. obligations under the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty until it expires in February 2021. Unlike in the case of NATO, the president has taken tangible steps against the INF. After accusing Russia of violating its obligations under the treaty, Trump announced that the United States intended to withdraw from the INF. It should be stressed that the issue is not whether the president’s policies on NATO or the INF are wise or misguided; the relevant issue is whether the Constitution invests the executive or Congress with the authority to make those decisions.

Greater congressional assertiveness on such issues is especially odd given how readily Congress has abandoned its own explicit constitutional authority to control the war power. Even as legislators moved to restrict Trump regarding NATO and the INF, there was no effective campaign to prevent him from implementing his decision to keep at least two hundred troops in Syria, despite the continuing lack of any congressional authorization for U.S. military involvement in that combat zone.

The bipolar nature of congressional behavior is striking. Congress continues the long pattern of abdicating its responsibility when it comes to decisions about whether to involve the republic in armed conflicts. The authors of the Constitution specifically gave the war power to Congress, but that branch has habitually deferred to the president since Harry Truman’s presidential war in Korea in 1950.

Throughout the succeeding decades, occupants of the Oval Office have either bypassed Congress entirely or sought vacuous “blank check” congressional resolutions. The 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and the 2001 Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) following the 9/11 terrorist attacks are examples of the latter. Lyndon Johnson’s 1965 invasion of the Dominican Republic, Ronald Reagan’s 1983 invasion of Grenada, Barack Obama’s air war in Libya, and the current U.S. military actions in Syria and Yemen are examples of the former. Bill Clinton probably deserves the award for the most brazen contempt of the congressional war power. Not only did he launch the Kosovo war without congressional approval, but he defied a House vote against giving him such authorization.

The recent vote of both houses to terminate U.S. participation in the Saudi Arabian-led war in Yemen is an encouraging step toward reviving the war power. But only time will tell if that effort is the beginning of a worthwhile trend. The successful effort of the Senate GOP leadership to prevent approval of legislation requiring an explicit AUMF for the Syria mission suggests that the Yemen vote was an outlier and that congressional abdication of the war power likely will continue in most cases.

Yet even as Congress evades its responsibilities in that most vital area, it is escalating its meddling and attempted micromanagement of other elements of foreign policy. For Congress to seek unprecedented, unconstitutional power with respect to nonmilitary aspects of foreign affairs while it continues abdicating the war power is shameful. Instead of trying to dictate policy on the INF and preserve the organizational dinosaur known as NATO against even modest reforms that the president might wish to implement, Congress needs to do a much better job of tending to its own duties and constitutional responsibilities.

Ted Galen Carpenter, a senior fellow in security studies at the Cato Institute and a contributing editor at the National Interest, is the author of twelve books and more than 750 articles on foreign affairs.
          salope anal      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Greece 1941 - The Death Throes of Blitzkrieg      Cache   Translate Page      
The German invasion of Greece in 1941 and the British intervention is often dismissed as a sideshow, or merely a prelude to Operation Barbarossa. The focus is usually on Churchill's decision to weaken the British and Commonwealth forces in the Western Desert by sending a small army to support Greece. 

This new book, ‘Greece 1941: The Death Throes of Blitzkrieg’, by Jeffrey Plowman, covers the strategic decisions and the campaign itself. However, it also argues that the campaign demonstrated the limitations of Blitzkrieg, in the mountains and limited infrastructure of Greece in 1941.

The author sets the scene with a description of the Balkans in 1941. It was an important strategic region for Hitler, who needed the raw materials, particularly Romanian oil, and a safe flank as he embarked on the invasion of the Soviet Union. The disastrous Italian invasion of Greece had stirred up the Balkans, which the Germans could have done without. However, in the vague demarcation between the Axis powers, the Mediterranean was in Italy’s sphere of interest.

The British and Commonwealth support for Greece was called Operation Lustre. The impact of diverting much-needed units from Libya is dealt with as well as the political sensibilities of sending Anzac divisions. The decision to send the battle-hardened 6 Australian Division to Greece, instead of the less experienced 7 Australian Division, undoubtedly resulted in further delays. The Greeks wanted ten divisions, which was just unrealistic. Instead, they got two infantry divisions and an armoured brigade, equipped with A10 Cruiser tanks, most of which broke down.  

They faced the German 12th Army commanded by Wilhelm List. He had three German corps, including 5 infantry, 2 Gebirgs (mountain) and 3 panzer divisions. List planned to invade through Bulgaria, which involved fighting through mountainous terrain and solid Greek defences on the Metaxas Line. The coup in Yugoslavia added new objectives for List, but it also enabled him to manoeuvre his panzer divisions more easily and by-pass the Metaxas Line. 

The Allied campaign is described in detail starting with the breakthrough at Vevi, the battles for the Servia and Olympus passes and the actions at Platamon and the Pineios Gorge. I visited several of these battlefields in 2017, and they all offered strong defensive positions. The Australian and New Zealand troops are, rightly in my view, given credit in this study for the way they handled the withdrawal. The subsequent attempts to defend the Thermopylae Line and the evacuation to Crete and Egypt is also covered. While the Royal Navy did their best, German air superiority meant this was never going to be another Dunkirk. Nearly 14,000 allied troops were taken prisoner, and a further 903 were killed and 1250 wounded.  

Platamon Castle area held by 21st New Zealanders
One point that struck me in the narrative was the grand tactical mobility of the British and Commonwealth infantry. They may not have had much battlefield mobility in the form of armoured vehicles, but once they got back to their trucks, they did have the ability to move fairly quickly, subject of course to the poor roads. This was in marked contrast to the Greek units, which had performed miracles against the Italians, but once out of the mountains were in deep trouble once outflanked by the Germans.   

My first reaction when looking at this book was, ‘another book on the Greek campaign?’ We do of course have the official histories and even the semi-official books like Christopher Buckley’s ‘Greece and Crete 1941’. George Blau’s US Army study in 1953 is more balanced, using German records as well. In recent years we have had Matthew Willingham’s ‘Perilous Commitments; John Carr ‘The Defence and Fall of Greece 1940-41’; and David Brewer’s Greece, The Decade of War’. There is a wonderful photographic study in the ‘Images of War' series and a detailed study of the air war by Christopher Shores and others. And those are just the ones that I can see on my bookshelves!

However, I do think this book brings something new to the subject. The campaign narrative looks at the battles from both sides of the hill and includes extensive quotes from memoirs and battle diaries. Arguably the best part of the book is Chapter 11, which looks at Operation Lustre in retrospect. This highlights the strategic failures of the Greek and British governments and the deployment errors in the region.

Pineios Gorge

Taking a quick look at this campaign, you would assume it was another triumph for Blitzkrieg. In practice, it wasn't, with the Germans losing a lot of armour as they struggled to fight their way through the mountain passes of Greece. The British and Commonwealth troops made effective use of anti-tank guns and demolitions to slow progress, and their mobility and flexibility were impressive. This is confirmed by German views of the campaign.

So, I found myself carefully reading every chapter of this book, rather than skipping through what I thought I already knew. It is a worthy addition to our understanding of this campaign.


I have large wargame armies for this campaign in 10mm, 15mm and 28mm. There are many possible scenarios in the book for Bolt Action skirmishes, but the primary battles are probably best recreated in 15mm.

British in 15mm

Greek army in 15mm

German Gebirgs
German light tanks and field cars


          German politician floats the idea of a Franco-German aircraft carrier      Cache   Translate Page      
Hmmm. What could they call it? The Charlemagne? The Louis XIV? The Napoleon? The Friedrich der Große? The Wilhelm II? The Maréchal Pétain? The possibilities are endless… France and Germany should band together and build a European aircraft carrier to boost the continent’s defense capabilities, according to Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, a confidante and possible successor to […]
          Niger: Niger: Country Operation Update, February 2019      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Algeria, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan

KEY INDICATORS

2,491 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – February 2019

1,675 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum

62,671 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions

Operational Context

The key situations include:

  1. The Mali situation: began in 2012 with the outbreak of conflict in northern Mali. The regions of Tillaberi and Tahoua bordering Mali and hosting most of the Malian refugees are increasingly affected by insecurity and terrorism. A State of Emergency was declared in 2017, and extended and further expanded to areas bordering Burkina Faso at the end of 2018. There are currently 55,496 Malian refugees in Niger. The Government of Niger and UNHCR seek to accelerate the socio-economic integration of these refugees and the closure of the camps through urbanization by the end of 2020. An EU Trust Fund supported regional project as well as a GIZ supported project are supporting these efforts at local integration and development in Tillaberi and Tahoua regions.

  2. The Nigeria situation: began in 2013, with the arrival of the first Nigerian refugees across the border fleeing Boko Haram. The situation deteriorated with the first attacks on Niger territory in 2015. There are almost 250,000 displaced persons in the region (including 118,868 refugees, 104,288 IDPs, and 25,731 returnees). The majority live in spontaneous sites or with the local population, while UNHCR manages one refugee camp, with 15,136 people. In 2018, despite a complex security context, all actors agreed on the need to engage strongly in development oriented interventions. The Government of Niger, UNHCR and the World Bank are working closely in that direction. Additionally, an EU Trust Fund supported project is ongoing in Diffa region, aimed at supporting economic recovery and long term solutions through urbanization and the construction of durable housing.

  3. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): The displaced population in the Diffa region is extremely mixed, including refugees, IDPs and returnees. However, since the beginning of 2018, the IDP situation in Niger has become more complex with increasing insecurity in the regions of Tillaberi and Tahoua, bordering Mali. In 2018, and into 2019, attacks and insecurity in the area have resulted in the internal displacement of at least 62,671 people. Protection monitoring, advocacy, capacity building and coordinated efforts with humanitarian actors are ongoing to ensure an adequate response to the situation. In December 2018, the Government of Niger adopted a national law for the assistance and protection of IDPs based on the Kampala Convention.

  4. Mixed Movements: Niger is a major crossroads of migratory movements northwards towards Libya, Algeria and the Mediterranean. These migratory flows constitute mixed movements, including economic migrants as well as persons in need of international protection. In Agadez, UNHCR works to identify asylum seekers within the migratory flows and works with the government, as well as IOM and NGOs to provide these persons with information and assistance. 1,675 persons, mostly Sudanese, are currently registered by UNHCR in Agadez. 25% are minors and 180 are unaccompanied or separated children. The majority are seeking asylum in Niger. The situation has become more complex, with the addition of downward movements from Libya and Algeria. A new Humanitarian Centre was built to accommodate and screen those seeking international protection in the second half of 2018. Over 1,200 asylum seekers are now accommodated at the centre, while the most vulnerable (around 200 people) are supported in 3 guesthouses in the city of Agadez.

  5. Emergency Transit Mechanism (ETM): This unique programme aims to provide life-saving protection, assistance and long-term solutions to extremely vulnerable refugees trapped in detention in Libya, through temporary evacuation to Niger. The aim is to deliver protection and identify durable solutions, including resettlement for these refugees, who are predominantly Eritrean and Somalian. Their profiles mainly include survivors of torture or other forms of violence in the country of origin and/or transit countries (e.g. Libya) and others with compelling protection needs. Many of them are unaccompanied children and women and girls at risk. To date, 2,491 persons have been evacuated to Niger – 1,271 of whom are still in Niamey while the others have already been resettled. With the support of the EU Trust Fund, a new transit centre is being built near Niamey to host the evacuees while they await resettlement to third countries. It is expected that the first group of evacuated refugees will be transferred there in March.


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Government Officials, Doctors Among Ethiopian Crash Victims
The crash of an Ethiopian Airlines jetliner shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa shattered families and communities

In this image taken from video, rescuers search through wreckage at the scene of an Ethiopian Airlines flight that crashed shortly after takeoff at Hejere near Bishoftu, or Debre Zeit, some 50 kilometers (31 miles) south of Addis Ababa, in Ethiopia Sunday, March 10, 2019. The Ethiopian Airlines flight crashed shortly after takeoff from Ethiopia's capital on Sunday morning, killing all 157 on board, authorities said, as grieving families rushed to airports in Addis Ababa and the destination, Nairobi. (AP Photo/Yidnek Kirubel)

Associated Press
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia

Three Austrian physicians. The co-founder of an international aid organization. A career ambassador. The wife and children of a Slovak legislator. A Nigerian-born Canadian college professor, author and satirist. They were all among the 157 people from 35 countries who died Sunday morning when an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 MAX 8 jetliner crashed shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa en route to Nairobi, Kenya. Here are some of their stories.

———

Kenya: 32 victims

— Hussein Swaleh, the former secretary general of the Football Kenya Federation, was named as being among the dead by Sofapaka Football Club.

He was due to return home on the flight after working as the match commissioner in an African Champions League game in Egypt on Friday.

— Cedric Asiavugwa, a law student at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., was on his way to Nairobi after the death of his fiancee's mother, the university said in a statement.

Asiavugwa, who was in his third year at the law school, was born and raised in Mombasa, Kenya. Before he came to Georgetown, he worked with groups helping refugees in Zimbabwe, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, the university said.

At Georgetown, Asiavugwa studied international business and economic law.

The university said Asiavugwa's family and friends "remembered him as a kind, compassionate and gentle soul, known for his beautifully warm and infectious smile."

———

Canada: 18 victims

—Pius Adesanmi, a Nigerian professor with Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada, was on his way to a meeting of the African Union's Economic, Social and Cultural Council in Nairobi, John O. Oba, Nigeria's representative to the panel, told The Associated Press.

The author of "Naija No Dey Carry Last," a collection of satirical essays, Adesanmi had degrees from Ilorin and Ibadan universities in Nigeria, and the University of British Columbia. He was director of Carleton's Institute of African Studies, according to the university's website. He was also a former assistant professor of comparative literature at Pennsylvania State University.

"Pius was a towering figure in African and post-colonial scholarship and his sudden loss is a tragedy," said Benoit-Antoine Bacon, Carleton's president and vice chancellor.

Adesanmi was the winner of the inaugural Penguin Prize for African non-fiction writing in 2010.

Mitchell Dick, a Carleton student who is finishing up a communications honors degree, said he took a first- and second-year African literature course with Adesanmi.

Adesanmi was "extremely nice and approachable," and stood out for his passion for the subject matter, Dick said.

—Mohamed Hassan Ali confirmed that he had lost his sister and niece.

Ali said his sister, Amina Ibrahim Odowaa, and her five-year-old daughter, Safiya, were on board the jet that went down six minutes after it took off from the Addis Ababa airport on the way to Nairobi, Kenya.

"(She was) a very nice person, very outgoing, very friendly. Had a lot of friends," he said of his sister, who lived in Edmonton and was travelling to Kenya to visit with relatives.

Amina Ibrahim Odowaa and her daughter Sofia Faisal Abdulkadir

The 33-year-old Edmonton woman and her five year-old daughter were travelling to Kenya to visit with relatives.

A family friend said Odowaa has lived in Edmonton since 2006.

— Derick Lwugi, an accountant with the City of Calgary, was also among the victims, his wife, Gladys Kivia, said. He leaves behind three children, aged 17, 19 and 20, Kivia said.

The couple had been in Calgary for 12 years, and Lwugi had been headed to Kenya to visit both of their parents.

———

Ethiopia: 9 victims

— The aid group Save the Children said an Ethiopian colleague died in the crash.

Tamirat Mulu Demessie had been a child protection in emergencies technical adviser and "worked tirelessly to ensure that vulnerable children are safe during humanitarian crises," the group said in a statement.

———

China: 8 victims

———

Italy: 8 victims

—Paolo Dieci, one of the founders of the International Committee for the Development of Peoples, was among the dead, the group said on its website.

"The world of international cooperation has lost one of its most brilliant advocates and Italian civil society has lost a precious point of reference," wrote the group, which partners with UNICEF in northern Africa.

UNICEF Italia sent a tweet of condolences over Dieci's death, noting that CISP, the group's Italian acronym, was a partner in Kenya, Libya and Algeria.

—Sebastiano Tusa, the Sicilian regional assessor to the Italian Culture Ministry, was en route to Nairobi when the plane crashed, according to Sicilian regional President Nello Musemeci. In a statement reported by the ANSA news agency, Musemeci said he received confirmation from the foreign ministry, which confirmed the news to The Associated Press.

In a tweet, Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte said it was a day of pain for everyone. He said: "We are united with the relatives of the victims and offer them our heartfelt thoughts."

Tusa was also a noted underwater archaeologist.

—The World Food Program confirmed that two of the Italian victims worked for the Rome-based U.N. agency.

A WFP spokeswoman identified the victims as Virginia Chimenti and Maria Pilar Buzzetti.

—Three other Italians worked for the Bergamo-based humanitarian agency, Africa Tremila: Carlo Spini, his wife, Gabriella Viggiani and the treasurer, Matteo Ravasio.

———

United States: 8 victims

———

France: 7 victims

—A group representing members of the African diaspora in Europe is mourning the loss of its co-chairperson and "foremost brother," Karim Saafi.

A French Tunisian, Saafi, 38, was on an official mission representing the African Diaspora Youth Forum in Europe, the group announced on its Facebook page.

"Karim's smile, his charming and generous personality, eternal positivity, and his noble contribution to Youth employment, diaspora engagement and Africa's socio-economic development will never be forgotten," the post read. "Brother Karim, we'll keep you in our prayers."

Saafi left behind a fiancée.

———

UK: 7 victims

— Joanna Toole, a 36-year-old from Exmouth, Devon, was heading to Nairobi to attend the United Nations Environment Assembly when she was killed.

Father Adrian described her as a "very soft and loving" woman whose "work was not a job — it was her vocation".

"Everybody was very proud of her and the work she did. We're still in a state of shock. Joanna was genuinely one of those people who you never heard a bad word about," he told the DevonLive website.

He also said she used to keep homing pigeons and pet rats and travelled to the remote Faroe Islands to prevent whaling.

Manuel Barange, the director of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations fisheries and aquaculture department, tweeted saying he was "profoundly sad and lost for words" over the death of the "wonderful human being".

— Joseph Waithaka, a 55-year-old who lived in Hull for a decade before moving back to his native Kenya, also died in the crash, his son told the Hull Daily Mail.

Ben Kuria, who lives in London, said his father had worked for the Probation Service, adding: "He helped so many people in Hull who had found themselves on the wrong side of the law."

Waithaka had dual Kenyan and British citizenship, the BBC reported.

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Egypt: 6 victims

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Germany: 5 victims

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India: 4 victims

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Slovakia: 4 victims

—A lawmaker of Slovak Parliament said his wife, daughter and son were killed in the crash. Anton Hrnko, a legislator for the ultra-nationalist Slovak National Party, said he was "in deep grief" over the deaths of his wife, Blanka, son, Martin, and daughter, Michala. Their ages were not immediately available.

Martin Hrnko was working for the Bubo travel agency. The agency said he was traveling for his vacation in Kenya.

President Andrej Kiska offered his condolences to Hrnko.

———

Austria: 3 victims

—Austrian Foreign Ministry spokesman Peter Guschelbauer confirmed that three Austrian doctors in their early 30s were on board the flight. The men were on their way to Zanzibar, he said, but he could not confirm the purpose of their trip.

———

Russia: 3 victims

—The Russian Embassy in Ethiopia said that airline authorities had identified its deceased nationals as Yekaterina Polyakova, Alexander Polyakov and Sergei Vyalikov.

News reports identify the first two as husband and wife. State news agency RIA-Novosibirsk cites a consular official in Nairobi as saying all three were tourists.

———

Sweden: 3 victims

— Hospitality company Tamarind Group announced "with immense shock and grief" that its chief executive Jonathan Seex was among the fatalities.

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Israel: 2 victims

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Morocco: 2 victims

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Poland: 2 victims

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Spain: 2 victims

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Belgium: 1 victim

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Djibouti: 1 victim

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Indonesia: 1 victim

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Ireland: 1 victim

— Irishman Michael Ryan was among the seven dead from the United Nations' World Food Programme, a humanitarian organization distributing billions of rations every year to those in need.

The Rome-based aid worker and engineer known as Mick was formerly from Lahinch in County Clare in Ireland's west and was believed to be married with two children.

His projects have included creating safe ground for Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and assessing the damage to rural roads in Nepal that were blocked by landslides.

Irish premier Leo Varadkar said: "Michael was doing life-changing work in Africa with the World Food Programme."

———

Mozambique: 1 victim

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Nepal: 1 victim

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Nigeria: 1 victim

—The Nigerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said it received the news of retired Ambassador Abiodun Oluremi Bashu's death "with great shock and prayed that the Almighty God grant his family and the nation, the fortitude to bear the irreparable loss."

Bashu was born in Ibadan in 1951 and joined the Nigerian Foreign Service in 1976. He had served in different capacities both at Headquarters and Foreign Missions such as Vienna, Austria, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire and Tehran, Iran. He also served as secretary to the Conference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

At the time of his death, Bashu was on contract with the United Nations Economic Commission of Africa.

———

Norway: 1 victim

—The Red Cross of Norway confirmed that Karoline Aadland, a finance officer, was among those on the flight.

Aadland, 28, was originally from Bergen, Norway. The Red Cross said she was traveling to Nairobi for a meeting.

Aadland's Linkedin page says she had done humanitarian and environmental work. The page says her work and studies had taken her to France, Kenya, South Africa and Malawi.

"People who know me describe me as a resourceful, dedicated and kindhearted person," she wrote on Linkedin.

The Red Cross says in a news release that it "offers support to the closest family, and to employees who want it," the organization said in a news release.

———

Rwanda: 1 victim

———

Saudi Arabia: 1 victim

———

Serbia: 1 victim

Serbia's foreign ministry confirmed that one of its nationals was aboard the plane. The ministry gave no further details, but local media identified the man as 54-year-old Djordje Vdovic.

The Vecernje Novosti daily reported that he worked at the World Food Program.

———

Somalia: 1 victim

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Sudan: 1 victim

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Togo: 1 victim

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Uganda: 1 victim

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Yemen: 1 victim

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U.N. passport: 1 victim

———

          THE ESTABLISHMENT EYES CENTRAL AFRICA FOR MORE MISSION CREEP      Cache   Translate Page      

As if the United States wasn’t already pursuing enough murky and dubious military missions in such places as Afghanistan, Syria, and Yemen, a push appears to be underway to expand Washington’s involvement in Sub-Saharan Africa.

U.S. troops are more deeply engaged in “anti-terror” in Niger, Somalia, and other countries than most Americans realize. When four American Special Forces personnel died in Niger in 2017, even members of Congress were surprised.

A lobbying effort now seems to be taking place for U.S. intervention to alleviate suffering in the Central African Republic (CAR), because of that country’s ongoing civil war. NBC News took the lead with a story on the March 6 Today show and followed it up with a more detailed segment on the Nightly News that same evening. Cynthia McFadden was the lead journalist for the report that included searing footage of suffering in one UN-run refugee camp.

The media treatment would be familiar to anyone who recalls the preludes to U.S. military interventions in such places as Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo, Libya, and Syria. There is extensive video of starving, disease-afflicted children and their anguished parents.


          MPs' demand to let Jody Wilson-Raybould return gets cut off by Liberals at justice committee      Cache   Translate Page      

OTTAWA—The Liberal majority on the House of Commons justice committee voted to cut off the emergency meeting Wednesday, where opposition MPs called for Jody Wilson-Raybould to return to testify about the SNC-Lavalin controversy.

Liberal MP Francis Drouin intervened about 20 minutes into the meeting, and the majority of Liberal MPs agree with him to adjourn the meeting to discuss future witnesses on March 19, the same day the Liberal government will table its pre-election budget.

Opposition MPs on the committee erupted in protests. Conservative MP Michael Cooper yelled “cover up!” and NDP MP Peter Julian told the Liberal members that their vote to delay the consideration of witnesses is “disgusting.”

The committee last met March 6, when Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s former principal secretary Gerald Butts denied he or anyone in the Prime Minister’s Office put Wilson-Raybould under inappropriate pressure to halt the SNC-Lavalin prosecution.

He also suggested her version of events — detailed over almost four hours of testimony at the committee Feb. 27 — was coloured by how she was unhappy about being bumped from her “dream job” as justice minister and attorney general when Trudeau shuffled his cabinet in January.

The committee also heard from Privy Council Clerk Michael Wernick and Nathalie Drouin, the deputy justice minister and attorney general, on March 6. Both were appearing for the second time, after they were invited to respond to Wilson-Raybould’s stunning testinomy at the committee in February.

Read more:

Opinion | Susan Delacourt: Why the Liberals must let Wilson-Raybould speak again on SNC-Lavalin

Federal Court ruling underscores independence of attorney general and prosecution decisions

Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett downplays supposed cabinet dispute with Jody Wilson-Raybould

At the end of the March 6 meeting, New Democrat MP Murray Rankin proposed a motion that would have the committee call on Trudeau to further waive legal limits that Wilson-Raybould has said prevented her from speaking publicly about the SNC-Lavalin affair. Rankin and Conservative members of the committee also wanted to invite Wilson-Raybould back to testify, along with her former chief of staff Jessica Prince and officials in the PMO accused of pressuring the former attorney general: Trudeau’s chief of staff Katie Telford and senior advisers Elder Marques and Mathieu Bouchard.

The Liberals on the committee, however, voted down the motion and said they would discuss bringing future witnesses to the committee at its next meeting, which was scheduled for March 19 — the same day the Trudeau government is slated to table its pre-election budget in the House of Commons.

The schedule changed when the Conservatives and New Democrat on the committee called for the emergency session that was held Wednesday.

Speaking to reporters before the meeting, Conservative MP Pierre Poilievre accused Trudeau of preventing Wilson-Raybould from telling her full story. When she testified last month, Wilson-Raybould said she can’t speak about anything that happened after she was shuffled from her post as justice minister and attorney general. She would not discuss anything that happened when she was veterans affairs minister, or why she resigned from cabinet after Trudeau suggested her presence at the table signalled her confidence in his Liberal government.

“They banned her about telling the part about why she resigned,” Poilievre said. “We know something egregious must have happened causing the former attorney general to resign from cabinet. But we don’t know what they were because the prime minister won’t let her speak.”

The controversy involving Wilson-Raybould and the criminal prosecution of SNC-Lavalin has consumed federal politics for five weeks. The former justice minister has accused Trudeau and his top officials of a “consistent and sustained” effort to convince her to overrule Canada’s top federal prosecutor and stop the criminal trial against the Montreal-based company, which is accused of fraud and bribery of officials in Libya between 2001 and 2011, when the dictator Moammar Gadhafi was in power.

Her successor as justice minister, Montreal MP David Lametti, has not ruled out doing what Wilson-Raybould refused: offering SNC-Lavalin a “deferred prosecution agreement.” Such a deal would see the company admit to wrongdoing, agree to co-operate with authorities, pay a fine and agree to oversight of its ethical compliance.

Trudeau, Butts and Wernick have said they only raised the issue with Wilson-Raybould out of concern for the almost 9,000 Canadians who work for SNC-Lavalin. They said they worried about the economic impact of a criminal conviction, because it could bar the company from lucrative government contracts for 10 years.

The multibillion dollar corporation works in more than 50 countries, but reaped 31 per cent of its 2017 revenue from its operations in Canada. The company will not say what portion of that comes from federal contracts.

Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer has called on Trudeau to resign, arguing Wilson-Raybould’s story shows he has lost the moral authority to govern. He has also asked the RCMP to investigate whether the prime minister broke the law by pressing the former attorney general on the SNC-Lavalin case.

The NDP and Green party have called for a public inquiry, while the House of Commons conflict of interest commissioner is investigating whether parliamentary rules were broken.

Alex Ballingall is an Ottawa-based reporter covering national politics. Follow him on Twitter: @aballinga


          Dutifully on cue, the media is complicit in manufacturing consent for Venezuela regime change      Cache   Translate Page      
It is a documented and indisputable fact that the US government lies to provoke wars - and the media's continued refusal to accept and acknowledge this basic truth, in the case of Venezuela, makes them complicit once again. Not once have we seen those Colin Powell vial moments as Washington's warmongers use unbacked claims or events as a rallying cry to drum up support for whatever regime-change operation is next on their list. This has been the case in Iraq, Syria and Libya, among others but, amazingly, few lessons have been learned. In Venezuela, the border bridge that was 'closed' by President Nicolas Maduro to prevent the entry of US 'humanitarian aid' and the Maduro "thugs" who torched aid trucks have each been used for these propaganda purposes in recent weeks. Of course, thanks to journalists who actually do their jobs, we know the bridge in question had never been open to traffic and that it was opposition protesters who set the aid trucks alight while throwing Molotov...
          World - How the Concentration of Wealth is Driving a New Global Imperialism      Cache   Translate Page      
Regime changes in Iraq and Libya, Syria's war, Venezuela's crisis, sanctions on Cuba, Iran, Russia, and North Korea are all reflections of a new global imperialism imposed by a...
          Les Boeing 737 indésirables sur l’espace aérien sénégalais      Cache   Translate Page      
Les Boeing 737 ne desservent plus le Sénégal pour des raisons de sécurité. Les compagnies qui utilisent les 737 MAX 7 et MAX 8 ne sont plus les bienvenues. C’est la réaction du Directeur général de l’Anacim, après l’accident d’un avion de la Ethiopian Airlines. Magueye Marame Ndao annonce qu’une réunion des ministres des transports […]
          How To Cross 5 International Borders In 1 Minute Without Sweating      Cache   Translate Page      
So many nations are breaking up. Ukraine is in pieces. Moldova is teetering. Libya has no government to speak of. Sudan broke in two last year; now both sides are fighting. Yugoslavia is seven countries. Nigeria has a Christian/Muslim split. Syria has split so many ways it's barely there. Even Scotland is thinking of ditching Great Britain. With every break, we get new lines, new fences, new borders — further evidence of our failure to amalgamate, to get along. The more borders we have, the more quarrels, the more wars. That's one way to think about borders — they're trouble. Bad Borders, Good Borders But here's an alternative view. This one celebrates borders. It says, the more the merrier — that under the right conditions borders add spice to our otherwise ho-hum lives, that borders can be fun. This is, of course, a minority view. Very much so. But border boosters have one extraordinary case for their side, so extraordinary it's almost unbelievable, like a fairy tale. Still, what I'm
          When the Storms of Life Don’t Stop      Cache   Translate Page      
You and I are not facing the same kinds of persecution the Apostle John was when Jesus appeared to him in a prison cell on the island of Patmos. In many parts of the world, of course, this kind of overt physical persecution is still common. Compared to the average believer in Afghanistan or Libya […]
          China Offers To Help Venezuela Restore Power As Maduro Accuses Trump, Guaido Of "Sabotage"      Cache   Translate Page      

China offered on Wednesday to help Venezuela repair its power grid after the country was plunged into its worst blackout on record, now in its sixth day, reports Reuters

With the power blackout in its sixth day, hospitals struggled to keep equipment running, food rotted in the tropical heat and exports from the country’s main oil terminal were shut down.

Speaking in Beijing, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesman Lu Kang said China had noted reports that the power grid had gone down due to a hacking attack.

China is deeply concerned about this,” Lu said. -Reuters

"China hopes that the Venezuelan side can discover the reason for this issue as soon as possible and resume normal power supply and social order. China is willing to provide help and technical support to restore Venezuela’s power grid," added Lu.

President Nicolas Maduro, who retains control of the country's military and has the support of both Russia and China, has accused US President Donald Trump of cyber "sabotage." 

"The United States’ imperialist government ordered this attack," Maduro said in a 35-minute televised address on Monday night accusing the White House of launching an imperialist "electromagnetic attack." 

"They came with a strategy of war of the kind that only these criminals – who have been to war and have destroyed the people of Iraq, of Libya, of Afghanistan and of Syria – think up," Maduro added. 

Maduro claimed that the Trump administration conducted the attack in coordination with "puppets and clowns" from the Venezuelan opposition in order to bring about a "a state of despair, of widespread want and of conflict" to justify a foreign invasion. 

Caracas-based political analyst Dimitris Pantoulas tweeted on Tuesday that Maduro appeared "worried, anxious and absolutely desperate," adding that it's clear that the government is not in control of the situation. 

Venezuela's chief prosecutor meanwhile has asked the country's supreme court to open an investigation into opposition leader Juan Guaidó - who has been accused of being involved in the blackout, according to The Guardian

Tarek Saab announced the inquiry on Tuesday, a day after the embattled president, Nicolás Maduro, accused Donald Trump of masterminding a “demonic” plot with the country’s opposition to force him from power.

Guaidó – who most western governments now recognize as Venezuela’s legitimate interim leader – is already under investigation for allegedly fomenting violence, but authorities have not tried to detain him since he violated a travel ban and then returned home from a tour of Latin American countries. -The Guardian

On Tuesday, foreign minister Jorge Arreaza ordered US diplomats to leave the country within 72 hours. "The presence on Venezuelan soil of these officials represents a risk for the peace, unity and stability of the country," reads a government statement. On Monday night US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, announced that Washington was withdrawing all remaining diplomatic staff from Caracas. 

Power had returned to some parts of the country on Tuesday according to witnesses and social media, however it remains out in parts of the capital city of Caracas, as well as the western region bordering Colombia. Information minister Jorge Rodriguez said that power was restored to the "vast majority" of the country, however evidence suggests otherwise. 

As independent journalist Sotiri Dimpinoudis reports, looting is taking place across the country - including the city of Maracaibo which suffered an electrical substation explosion. 

According to Reuters, the "non-sabotage" version of the blackout is that it was likely caused by a technical problem with transmission lines linking the Guri hydroelectric plant in southeastern Venezuela to the national power grid. 


          3/14/2019: World: North Korea dodging sanctions      Cache   Translate Page      

Selling arms to rebels in Yemen, Libya and Sudan. Smuggling coal and oil from ship to ship in the middle of the ocean. Diplomats and ship captains carrying bulk cash. Cyberattacks, including one involving more than 14,000 ATM withdrawals in 28...
          07h30 ECR Sport - Sky Tshabalala      Cache   Translate Page      
East Coast Radio — Bafana Bafana coach Stuart Baxter has defended his decision not to including Cape Town City striker Kermit Erasmus from his squad to face Libya later this month.


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