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          A Good Cup Brews Goodwill in Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
Where East and Central Africa meet, you’ll find Burundi. One of Africa’s smallest countries, it’s contributions to the tea and coffee industry are respected far and wide. Burundi is made…
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The post A Good Cup Brews Goodwill in Burundi appeared first on 1335 Frankford.


          Burundi Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband Market Drivers, Trends and Opportunities 2019-2028      Cache   Translate Page      
WiseGuyReports.com “Burundi – Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband – Statistics and Analyses” report has been added to its Research Database.   Scope of the Report:   Burundi launches ICT strategy to 2028  Given its high population density and the low penetration rates across all telecom sectors, Burundi remains potentially one of the most attractive telecom markets in Africa … Continue reading Burundi Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband Market Drivers, Trends and Opportunities 2019-2028
          Gehad Greisha to officiate Burundi vs Gabon game      Cache   Translate Page      

The Confederation of African Football (CAF) Refereeing Committee have chosen Egyptian referee Gehad Greisha to officiate the 2019 AFCON qualifiers game between Burundi and Gabon. Both Gabon and Burundi will be competing for the second spot to qualify next to group leaders Mali. Burundi will host the Panthers on March 23. Gabon are currently third […]

The post Gehad Greisha to officiate Burundi vs Gabon game appeared first on KingFut.


          MASSAIE E COCCODRILLI-2      Cache   Translate Page      
Il lavoro è entrato anche in un’altra interessante discussione: la valutazione dei beni. I pensatori del Settecento distinguevano il valore d’uso di una merce dal suo valore di scambio. Il valore d’uso dello zucchero consiste nel fatto che preferiamo un tè zuccherato a un tè amaro. Il prezzo di un chilo di zucchero può variare nel tempo, ma il nostro piacere del tè zuccherato (cioè il nostro valore d’uso) rimane invariato. Ma se, per il singolo, il valore d’uso è pressoché costante, il valore di scambio di ogni merce varia col tempo e con le circostanze (variazione dei prezzi). Se un chilo di zucchero vale tre chili di grano, diremo che il valore di scambio fra le due derrate ha il rapporto uno-tre. Poi, se lo zucchero diviene scarso, il suo valore di scambio aumenta (e ci vorrà più grano per averlo), e viceversa se diviene abbondante. Il valore di scambio di una merce è misurato con i termini del baratto, o col denaro, che quella merce costa. 
Alla ricerca di un elemento obiettivo per determinare il valore di una merce, David Ricardo - uno dei fondatori dell’economia classica e dunque uno dei miei idoli - ricorse all’idea che questo valore oggettivo fosse la quantità di lavoro necessaria a produrlo. Metro che, essendo sganciato, almeno teoricamente, dal valore di scambio (nel senso che è costante) è “incorporato” nella merce. Secondo Ricardo, in un’economia di mercato equilibrata, valore d’uso e valore di scambio (prezzo) tendono a convergere. Non intendo rivedere le bucce di Ricardo, non me lo potrei permettere, ma se non credo in  niente sarò pure autorizzato a muovere obiezioini.
Innanzi tutto, non vedo a che scopo ricercare il valore oggettivo delle merci. Non serve a niente, e per giunta non è nemmeno detto che un valore oggettivo esista. Quanto al valore d’uso è troppo soggettivo per essere usato come metro del valore oggettivo della merce. Né mi sembra che lo stesso lavoro sia un buon metro, in materia di valore. Se camminando trovo una pepita d’oro da cinquanta grammi, come lavoro mi sarà costata soltanto la fatica di abbassarmi a raccoglierla e come valore di scambio andremmo a parecchie migliaia di euro. Il lavoro “incorporato” in essa è insignificante.  Inoltre il tempo e la fatica necessari alla produzione di un bene variano molto nel tempo e nello spazio. Filare la lana con un fuso di legno significava produrre poco filo in molto tempo, mentre una moderna filanda produce moltissimo filo in poco tempo. Il valore dei beni misurato con il lavoro “incoroprato” in essi, è fuorviante. Il contadino del Burundi che gratta la terra con la zappa si affatica come uno schiavo e ricava poco dalla terra; l’americano della “Corn belt” coltiva i cereali con macchinari moderni, sta comodamente seduto e produce infinitamente più grano del contadino del Burundi. Il lavoro incorporato in un quintale di grano del Burundi è costato molto più sudore di quello incorporato in una tonnellata americana ma non per questo potrà essere venduto ad un prezzo maggiore.
Il riferimento alla fatica del produttore  - oggi così frequente - risponde a mio parere a un pregiudizio morale, che del resto presumo Ricardo non avesse affatto. La gente sarebbe capace di pensare che bisognerebbe rimunerare più generosamente la merce che è costata molto lavoro rispetto a quella che è costata poco lavoro. Perché essa ha “più valore”. Ma è un errore. In questo campo ho ricevuto una lezione indimenticabile. Parlando con un amico del più e del meno mi è capitato di dire che avevo per le mani una traduzione di lingua francese, e mi sentivo come un ladro perché, venendomi molto facile, andavo come un treno. Quasi mi limitassi a copiare il testo. Soprattutto procedevo molto più speditamente che se la traduzione fosse stata di lingua inglese. Forse, dicevo,  dovrei proporre uno sconto al committente. Il mio amico mi smentì con sdegno: “Dici sciocchezze. Al contrario, dovresti chiedere di più. Se per il francese vai tanto veloce significa che sei estremamente competente e il tuo lavoro sarà ottimo. Dunque meriti di essere pagato di più per il francese che per l’inglese”. Aveva perfettamente ragione. Al cliente non importa quanta fatica è costato il lavoro, gli importa soltanto la qualità del risultato.
Non credo nel tempo di lavoro incorporato nella merce come misura del suo valore. Non credo al valore morale del lavoro come elemento che debba influenzarne la remunerazione. Rimane soltanto il valore più pedestre: il prezzo , quale lo determina il mercato. E questo elemento mi basta e avanza, per orientarmi . Il resto è letteratura. 
Tutto ciò vale, al passaggio, per sorridere ancora una volta della nostra Costituzione, quando dice che il lavoro deve “in ogni caso” assicurare al lavoratore e alla sua famiglia una vita dignitosa”. Al datore di lavoro del genere di vita della controparte non importa assolutamente nulla, come al lavoratore non importa nulla sapere se i produttori della merce che compra al supermercato siano stati sufficientemente remunerati, per fargli avere quel prodotto a quel prezzo. 
Il lavoro non deve assicurare niente a nessuno, a parte la remunerazione al lavoratore e la prestazione al datore di lavoro. Il loro quantum – in un mercato libero – dipende dalla domanda e dall’offerta. Se nel villaggio c’è un solo idraulico ed avete la casa allagata, quell’artigiano potrà richiedere qualunque prezzo e voi dovrete pagarlo. Se invece nel villaggio ce ne sono quattro, cioè troppi, voi potrete tirare sul prezzo, magari fino a non assicurare una vita dignitosa a quell’artigiano e alla sua famiglia. Se poi vi facesse pena, dategli un buon consiglio: che cambi mestiere o luogo di residenza. 
Quando si tratta di denaro, la realtà è spietata. E sono spietati anche i moralisti. Costoro sono molto generosi col denaro degli altri o dello Stato, ma al loro badano come tutti gli altri. Nessuno pagherebbe a ciglio asciutto un prezzo abnorme solo per fare vivere dignitosamente la famiglia dell’elettricista o del tappezziere. La realtà non ha mai letto la Costituzione Italiana.
Gianni Pardo, giannipardo1@gmail.com 
13 marzo 2019, fine
Ho letto qualche pagina su Marx e mi riservo di commentarla. Si direbbe che il filosofo di Treviri, nel caso del lavoro  dipendente (che è un caso particolare di scambio) - capisca l’utilità del capitalista (e la chiama plusvalore) e non capisca l’utilità del lavoratore, che per lui è sfruttato. Se ho capito bene, siamo all’assurdità più completa. Ma mi riservo di scrivere un autonomo articolo, al riguardo.


          RAUNDI HII YA PILI KWA WANAWAKE TUTAONA MENGI      Cache   Translate Page      

MZUNGUKO wa pili wa Ligi Kuu ya Wanawake Tanzania Bara inayodhaminiwa na Bia ya Serengeti Lite, umeanza wikiendi iliyopita.

Katika mechi za Jumamosi na Jumapili, matokeo yalikuwa hivi; Yanga Princes 3-2 Sisterz, Marsh Queens 2-2 Baobab, Mlandizi Queens 4-0 Mapinduzi Queens, Simba Queens 4-0 Tanzanite Queens na JKT Queens 5-0 Evergreen Queens.


Kuendelea kwa mzunguko wa pili, kumekuja baada ya mzunguko wa kwanza kumalizika Februari 3, mwaka huu ambapo JKT Queens ilimalizika mzunguko huo ikiwa kinara kwa kujikusanyia pointi 33, baada ya kushinda michezo yote 11.


Katika mzunguko huo, tulishuhudia rekodi kadhaa zikiwekwa, ikiwemo ya JKT Queens kuibamiza Evergreen Queens mabao 16-0, huku mshambuliaji wa JKT Queens, Fatuma Mustapha akifunga mabao 15 kwenye mechi tatu pekee.

Katika mechi hizo tatu ambazo Fatuma alifunga jumla ya mabao 15, kila mechi moja alifunga mabao matano. Ikumbukwe kuwa Fatuma ndiye aliyekuwa kinara wa mabao kwenye ligi hiyo kwa msimu uliopita alipomaliza akiwa na mabao 18.

Championi Jumatano limekuandalia baadhi ya rekodi zilizowekwa toka kuanza kwa ligi hiyo, huku ikiangazia nafasi ya ubingwa na timu ambazo zipo kwenye uwezekano wa kushuka daraja.

JKT QUEENS BADO WABABE JKT

Queens inayotumia Uwanja wa Meja Jenerali Isamuhyo, ndiyo bingwa mtetezi wa ligi hiyo, ambapo msimu uliopita iliutwaa bila ya kupoteza mchezo wowote. Kwa hali ilivyo, kuna uwezekano wakarudia kile walichokifanya msimu uliopita, kwani hadi hivi sasa wameshacheza michezo 12 na hawajadondosha alama yoyote. Wapo kileleni na pointi 36. Inayofuatia ni Mlandizi Queens ambayo imevuna pointi 26, ikiwa imeshuka dimbani mara 12. Imezidiwa pointi 10 na kinara.

VITA YA UFUNGAJI IMENOGA

Fatuma Mustapha na Asha Rashidi ‘Mwalala’ ambao wote wanaitumikia JKT Queens, wamejikuta wakiingia kwenye vita ya kuwania Tuzo ya Mfungaji Bora msimu huu ambapo kwa sasa wamepishana bao moja.

Fatuma amefunga mabao 23, huku Mwalala akishika nafasi ya pili akiwa amefunga mabao 22. Ukiwaondoa hao, wachezaji wengine wenye mabao mengi ni Donesia Minja mwenye 14 na Stumai Abdallah mwenye 13. Hawa wote wanacheza JKT Queens.

YANGA PRINCES YAPATA MATUMAINI

Ushindi wa mabao 3-2 dhidi ya Sisterz wikiendi iliyopita, umeiweka pazuri timu hiyo mara baada ya kuwa na mwanzo mbovu wa ligi katika mzunguko wa kwanza.

Vipigo vya mabao 7-0 kutoka kwa Simba Queens, kisha 8-1 kutoka kwa JKT Queens, vilianza kuivuruga timu hiyo na kuiweka pabaya kwenye msimamo wa ligi hiyo hadi mashabiki wakaanza kuhisi huenda timu hiyo ikashuka daraja.

Kwa sasa Yanga Princes wamejihakikishia usalama wa kubaki ligi kuu, ikiwa watafanikiwa kushinda michezo miwili inayofuata, ambayo itawafanya wavune pointi 22, ambapo kwa sasa wapo nafasi ya saba na pointi zao 16. SIMBA

QUEENS WAPO VIZURI

Wapo nafasi ya tatu wakiwa imevuna pointi 25, kwenye michezo 12 waliyocheza. Katika michezo hiyo, wamepoteza mitatu pekee na kutoka sare mchezo mmoja. Wameibuka na ushindi mara nane Wameanza vyema raundi ya pili kwa kuvuna ushindi wa mabao 4-0 dhidi ya Tanzanite, wanaonekana kuimarika kadiri siku zinavyokwenda, huku wakitamba na viungo wao wawili raia wa Burundi, Asha Djafar na Joelle Bukuru, ambao wamekuwa msaada mkubwa kwa timu hiyo.

HAWA WANAWEZA KUSHUKA DARAJA

Hali siyo mzuri kwa Evergreen Queens na Mapinduzi Queens, ambao hadi sasa wapo nafasi mbili za chini. Mapinduzi wamevuna pointi mbili pekee kwenye michezo 12 waliyocheza, huku Evergreen wenyewe wana pointi tano, wakicheza michezo 12.

Wamerudi wakiwa na hali ileile ya mzunguko wa kwanza, ambapo mechi zao za kwanza mzunguko wa pili wamejikuta wakila vichapo. Evergreen wamefungwa 5-0 na JKT Queens, huku Mapinduzi wakilambwa 4-0 na Mapinduzi Queens.Endapo hawatabadilika kwenye michezo 10 iliyobaki, yawezekana kabisa wakashindwa kubaki ligi kuu na wakarudi zao Ligi Daraja la Kwanza.
          What’s Happening with the Philippines Preliminary Examination?      Cache   Translate Page      
The Philippines’ withdrawal from the ICC becomes effective this Saturday, March 17. There are domestic legal proceedings underway that have the potential to nullify the withdrawal. But if the withdrawal goes forward, we are faced with an important question: what happens to the OTP’s preliminary examination? This is, of course, Burundi redux. In that case, the OTP preserved its ability...
          Burundi: La Commission d'enquête de l'ONU veut suivre le processus électoral de 2020      Cache   Translate Page      
[UN News] La préparation et la tenue des élections au Burundi en 2020 peuvent avoir une grande incidence sur la situation des droits de l'homme, a prévenu le Président de la Commission d'enquête de l'ONU pour ce pays.
          Re: Rwanda / Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV      Cache   Translate Page      
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Rencontres au Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.
          Waziri Biteko azitaka nchi za Maziwa Makuu Kudhibiti Raslimali Ardhi      Cache   Translate Page      
Na Issa Mtuwa Dodoma
Nchi Wanachama wa Maziwa Makuu zimetakiwa kushikamana kuunganisha nguvu katika kulinda na kusimamia matumizi ya raslimali ardhi ikiwemo madini ili kunufaisha nchi hizo. 

Hayo yamesemwa na Waziri wa Madini Doto Biteko wakati akifungua mkutano wa Kimataifa    wa nchi Wanachama wa Maziwa Makuu (International Conference on the Great Lakes Region - ICGLR) unaofanyika kwa siku mbili kuanzia tarehe 11-12 Machi 2019 katika Hotel ya Morena jijini Dodoma.  

Biteko amezitaka nchi hizo kuunganisha nguvu ya pamoja katika kudhibiti raslimali ardhi ikiwemo madini na kujiwekea utaratibu utakao dhibiti shughuli za uzalishaji na biashara ya madini ili raslimali hizo zinufaishe mataifa yao na zisitumike vibaya. 

“Unganisheni nguvu kwa pamoja, wekeni utaratibu utakao wafanya nchi wanachama kunufaika na raslimali ardhi/madini. Jitahidini kuhakikisha raslimali hizo hazitumiki vibaya kama ilivyo kubaliwa kwenye itifaki, hivyo lazima kuwe na utaratibu na sheria kwa kila nchi namna ya kudhibiti uzalishaji na biashara ya madini,” amesema Biteko. 

Naye, Mtaalam kutoka Wizara ya Madini, Mhandisi Assah Mwakilembe amesema Mkutano huo unalenga kujadili na kupitia mfumo wa udhibitisho wa mnyororo wa madini kwa lengo la kudhibiti uzalishaji na biashara ya madini katika nchi za maziwa makuu kufuatia kuwepo tetesi zilizo kuwa zinahusisha raslimali ardhi (Madini) na ufadhili wa vita katika nchi za aaziwa makuu. (Region Certification Manual) 

Akizungumza mara baada ya kuwasilisha mada kuhusu marekebisho ya Sheria Madini ya Mwaka 2017 Mkurugenzi wa Idara ya Sheria kutoka Wizara ya Madini, Edwin Igenge amesema kwa upande wa Tanzania, imetekeleza itifaki ya pamoja ya nchi wanachama wa Maziwa Makuu kama ilivyo kubaliwa. 

Ameongeza kuwa, utekelezaji wa itifaki kwa Tanzania ni pamoja na marekebisho ya sheria ya Madini ya Mwaka 2017 yaliyopelekea kuundwa kwa Tume ya Madini ambapo shuguli zote za usimamizi wa raslimali madini zimepewa Tume ya Madini ambapo kabla ya hapo shuguli hizo zilikuwa chini ya Kamishna wa Madini. 

Igenge amesema kuanzishwa kwa itifaki katika nchi za maziwa makuu kulitokana na tetesi za uwepo wa matumizi mabaya ya raslimali ardhi ikiwemo madini ambapo kipato cha raslimali hizo inasadikika kuwa zilikuwa zinatumika kufadhili shuguli za za kivita katika nchi za maziwa makuu, hivyo kupelekea kuanzishwa kwa itifaki ya pamoja kwa lengo la kudhibiti.  

Mkutano huo wa kimataaifa unahudhuriwa na wajumbe kutoka Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda na wawakilishi wa Shirika la Maendeleo la Ujerumani (GIZ) na Sekretariati ya nchi wanachama wa Maziwa Makuu. Kwa upande wa  Tanzania inawakilishwa na Wizara ya Madini, Wizara ya Mambo ya Nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki, Shirikisho la Wachimbaji Tanzania (FEMATA), Chama cha Wanunuzi  na Wauzaji wa  Madini Tanzania  (TAMIDA), Tume ya Madini, Shirika la Madini la Taifa (STAMICO), Wakala wa  Jiolojia na Utafiti wa Madini (GST).  

Katika mkutano huo, Waziri Biteko aliambatana na Naibu Waziri wa Madini Stanslaus Nyongo, Kamishna wa Madini Mhandisi Daivid Mulabwa, Mkurugenzi wa Sheria kutoka Wizara ya Madini Edwin Igenge na baadhi ya maafisa kutoka wizara ya Madini. 

          Somalia: Secretary-General Appoints Parfait Onanga-Anyanga of Gabon Special Envoy for Horn of Africa      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN Secretary-General
Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan

SG/A/1864-BIO/5191

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres announced today the appointment of Parfait Onanga-Anyanga of Gabon as his Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa.

Mr. Onanga-Anyanga brings with him extensive experience with the United Nations, having served most recently as the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA). In 2015, he served as Coordinator of the United Nations Headquarters response to the Boko Haram Crisis, prior to which he was Head of the United Nations Office in Burundi (BNUB) and System-wide Senior Coordinator on Burundi (2012-2014).

Between 2007 and 2012, Mr. Onanga-Anyanga was the Director of the Office of the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General. Previously, he served as Special Adviser to the President of the sixtieth and sixty-first sessions of the United Nations General Assembly (2005‑2007), as well as Chef de Cabinet to the President of the fifty-ninth session of the General Assembly (2004‑2005). From 1998 to 2004, he held a variety of political and managerial positions at the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization in Vienna and New York.

Earlier in his career, Mr. Onanga-Anyanga was the acting Secretary to the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee for Security Questions in Central Africa. He also served as First Counsellor for Disarmament and Political Affairs at the Permanent Mission of Gabon to the United Nations in New York.

Mr. Onanga-Anyanga holds a post‑graduate degree in political science from Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne University and a master’s degree in sociology from l’Université Omar Bongo in Libreville, Gabon.

Born in 1960, he is married and has three children.

* This supersedes Press Release SG/A/1624-BIO/4804-PKO/554 7 January 2016.

For information media. Not an official record.


          Uganda: UNHCR Expresses Appreciation, Urges More Solidarity for Uganda’s Refugee Response      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda

Concluding a five-day trip to Uganda, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency’s Deputy High Commissioner Kelly T. Clements expressed appreciation to Uganda for its open door policy for refugees, and urged more global solidarity for the Ugandan people currently hosting more than 1.2 million refugees.

“I’ve been extremely impressed at how Uganda’s inclusive policies have improved the lives of refugees and the communities hosting them,” said Clements of her visit. “Uganda represents the Global Compact in action, but the country can’t do it alone. More global support is needed, particularly in the areas of education, economic opportunities and the environment.”

She visited refugee settlements in Adjumani, Moyo and Yumbe districts and met with refugee groups, district authorities, high level government officials and ministers including the Hon. Dr. Joyce Moriku Kaducu, Minister of State for Primary Health Care. She also met with Uganda’s First Lady and Minister for Education and Sports, Mrs. Janet K. Museveni, where she praised the national Education Response Plan, which fully integrates refugees into national and district planning in refugee-hosting areas.

Education is a major priority in the Uganda refugee response for 2019 and beyond. More than half of refugee children, and over one third of Ugandan children in refugee hosting areas, are out of school.

In Palorinya refugee settlement in Moyo district, Clements met with teachers, students and their parents and noted the myriad of challenges they face. She was moved by the story of a 22 year-old refugee woman, who committed suicide after learning she would not be able to pay school fees to complete her last year of secondary education

“We all want to prevent a generation of young people from being lost because they feel the future holds so little for them,” said the Deputy High Commissioner. “It is in places like Palorinya that more global solidarity with countries and people hosting refugees must be demonstrated.”

As part of a focus on education, Clements announced that UNHCR would re-allocate of 100,000 USD to ensure young students can continue studying in secondary school in the Palorinya refugee settlement.

The funds will cover school fees for more than 500 refugee and Ugandan youth who cannot afford to stay in school otherwise. This new support will also help to improve conditions in secondary schools and provide small, but critical supplies that can affect school attendance, like sanitary pads for female students.

In Adjumani, Clements visited a market with businesses owned by women entrepreneurs and heard from refugee and host community representatives. Education, health and environmental issues were the primary concerns raised during her interaction with the refugees and district authorities.

The Deputy High Commissioner’s visit highlights UNHCR’s priorities and needs for Uganda’s nearly 1.2 million refugees coming from South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Somalia and Rwanda living across 30 settlements and Kampala.

Media contact

Duniya Aslam Khan, phone number: +256 772 701101, email: khand@unhcr.org


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Is Kagame Looking for An Alternative Route to Sea?
SUNDAY MARCH 10 2019
East African

Rwandan President Paul Kagame's visit to Dar es Salaam, where he held private talks with President John Magufuli, in the middle of a spat with Uganda raises eyebrows. NMG

In Summary
Rwandan president was in Tanzania for a two-day visit this past week.
About 80 per cent of Rwanda’s import cargo is handled through the Dar port, but its major exports — minerals, tea and coffee — go through Uganda to the port of Mombasa.
Analysts said President Kagame is being tactful in seeking President Magufuli’s intervention in Rwanda’s developing crises in the region.

By IVAN R. MUGISHA

Rwandan President Paul Kagame was in Tanzania this past week on a two-day visit, seen as a quest to firm up relations with Dar in the wake of escalating tensions with Uganda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

President Kagame, who arrived in Dar es Salaam on Thursday, held private talks with President John Magufuli, in what is perceived as a quest to have the Tanzanian leader mediate in the security and commercial dispute between Kampala and Kigali.

The souring of relations between the two neighbours has been simmering for years now, and worsened last week when Rwanda closed the Gatuna border post.

In recent weeks, Kigali has complained that Uganda has been subjecting its citizens to illegal arrests and torture. Kampala had earlier accused Rwanda of transporting goods through the common transport corridor in breach of the provisions of the East African Community Common Market Protocol, and held tens of Rwandan trucks for weeks before releasing them.

Rwanda, a small landlocked country, is served by two major transport corridors — the Central Corridor that runs from Dar es Salaam through Tanzania’s heartland, and the Northern Corridor that runs from Mombasa through Kenya and Uganda.

About 80 per cent of Rwanda’s import cargo is handled through the Dar port, but its major exports — minerals, tea and coffee — go through Uganda to the port of Mombasa.

Oil and capital goods to Rwanda come in mainly through Dar es Salaam. It is this route that President Kagame is seen to be moving to secure, as prospects of undertaking joint infrastructure projects with Kenya and Uganda grow dimmer as relations with Kampala get icier.

Rail network

The planned SGR line linking Mombasa to landlocked Uganda and Rwanda has lagged behind schedule, largely due to financing constraints, doubts over its economic viability, and the high cost of construction and indecisiveness of some partner states.

The planned 1,500km railway line from Mombasa to Kigali was expected to be completed by 2018, but only Kenya has completed the initial Mombasa-Nairobi phase of the project.

Rwanda is part of this rail network, but it has more recently turned its focus to the Isaka-Kigali project, which is estimated to be cheaper than the Kenyan-Uganda route by about $200 million.

Rwanda consumes more than 200 million litres of fuel annually, averaging 20 million litres a month. In the third quarter of 2018, Rwanda’s imports from EAC partner states totalled $154 million, representing 20.8 per cent of all its imports.

Tanzania’s share of those imports was 24 per cent or third after Uganda and Kenya, who accounted for 43 per cent and 32 per cent of the imports respectively.

Ismael Buchanan, an international relations expert and senior lecturer at the University of Rwanda, said President Magufuli had maintained close ties with both President Kagame and President Museveni, making him a worthy mediator.

President Kagame was in Tanzania on the invitation of President Magufuli. He was accompanied by Foreign Affairs Minister Richard Sezibera, his Infrastructure counterpart Claver Gatete, State Minister for East African Community Affairs Olivier Nduhungirehe and Intelligence Chief Gen Joseph Nzabamwita.

“The presidents had a tête-à-tête and spoke mainly about bilateral relations and promotion of trade between the two countries,” Mr Nduhungirehe told The EastAfrican, without further details.

Intervention

Rwandan officials met their Tanzanian counterparts for discussions on reinforcing trade and collaboration between the two countries. The EastAfrican learned that no agreements were signed.

Talks between the two presidents are said to have also featured Rwanda’s frosty ties with Burundi.

Analysts said President Kagame is being tactful in seeking President Magufuli’s intervention in Rwanda’s developing crises in the region.

“As the chairperson of the EAC, Kagame understands that dialogue is important. So I believe he sees this as the right time to solve this problem, and Magufuli may be the right person to advise him on the way forward,” Prof Buchanan said.

President Kagame’s last state visit to Tanzania was in January 2018, when he went for a review of the joint standard gauge railway plan that is to run from Isaka to Kigali. Construction of the 571km railway line at a cost of $2.5 billion was set to begin last December.

In view of the recent developments, President Kagame would be anxious to get this project done soon to clear the logistical nightmare that would arise were Uganda to block goods destined for Rwanda from passing through its territory. In January, both presidents asked the technical teams to fast-track the project, which has been held back by the absence of a contractor.

Tanzania is expected to pay $1.3 billion and Rwanda $1.2 billion in project financing.

President Magufuli, who rarely travels out of the country, made his first foreign visit to Rwanda in April 2016, five months after assuming office, to inaugurate the Rusumo One-Stop-Border Post and an international bridge on the border between Rwanda and Tanzania.

          Re: Rwanda / Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV      Cache   Translate Page      
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Rencontres au Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.
          Re: Rwanda / Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV      Cache   Translate Page      
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Rencontres au Burundi      Cache   Translate Page      
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.


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