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          Facebook ajouterait 5 div, 9 span et 30 classes CSS à chaque publication dans la Timeline pour rendre difficile le blocage des messages sponsorisés      Cache   Translate Page      
Facebook ajouterait 5 div, 9 span et 30 classes CSS à chaque publication dans la Timeline
pour rendre difficile le blocage des messages sponsorisés

Facebook comme de nombreux autres sites Web ou réseaux sociaux tire d'importants revenus sur des panoplies de publicités d'entreprises tierces qu'ils affichent sur leurs trafics. L'entreprise de Mark Zuckerberg a sa façon à lui de réaliser des profits sur les annonces ou publicités sur son réseau. Elle vous propose de sponsoriser votre publication moyennant...
          Finland Gave People $895 A Month, No Strings Attached. Here’s What Happened.      Cache   Translate Page      

Tuomas Muraja's life took an unexpected turn at the end of 2016. He received a letter telling him that he would be getting a monthly sum of €560 ($640) from the Finnish government, no strings attached, for two years.

"It was actually like winning the lottery," said Muraja, who was one of 2,000 people randomly selected from a pool of 175,000 unemployed Finns, aged 25 to 58, to take part in one of the most prominent universal basic income trials in the world.

Since losing his staff job as a journalist in 2013, Muraja has struggled to find permanent work. Every month he was trying to scramble together money for his rent of about $2,270 from freelance writing gigs, which came sporadically and often paid late. The government's basic income scheme gave him freedom. He could keep the cash, even if he found work, and he wouldn't have to contend with the constrictive bureaucracy of Finland's complex welfare system.

"When you feel free you are creative, and when you are creative you are productive, and that helps the whole of society," said Muraja, who has written a book about his experiences with the trial.

Finland's universal basic income test, which cost the government about $22.7 million, was designed and administered by the country's social insurance agency, Kela. The experiment aimed to help the country assess how to respond to the changing nature of work and ― given its 8-percent unemployment rate at the time ― how to get people back into the labor market.

The trial ended in December. While final results won't be available until 2020, preliminary results were revealed on Friday.

Tuomas Muraja was one of the 2,000 people selected to take part in Finland's two-year universal basic income trial.

On employment, the country's income register showed no significant effects for 2017, the first year of the trial.

The real benefits so far have come in terms of health and well being. The 2,000 participants were surveyed, along with a control group of 5,000. Compared with the control group, those taking part had "clearly fewer problems related to health, stress, mood and concentration," said Minna Ylikännö, senior researcher at Kela. Results also showed people had more trust in their future and their ability to influence it.

"Constant stress and financial stress for the long term – it's unbearable. And when we give money to people once a month they know what they are going to get," said Ylikännö. "It was just €560 a month, but it gives you certainty, and certainty about the future is always a fundamental thing about well being."

Aware that Finland's trial is under an international spotlight, Olli Kangas, scientific leader of the scheme and professor at the University of Turku, expressed hope that the experiment not be written off on the basis of preliminary employment results. "The whole truth is much more complex, we need many more studies and research to find out," said Kangas.

Helsinki, where Tuomas is based. Participants for the UBI trial were selected from across the country.

Universal basic income is an idea that's been swirling around for centuries and has been tried across the world. While it has come to mean many different things, in its purest definition, a universal basic income is granted to everyone, regardless of wealth, income or employment status, on an unconditional basis.

The policy has supporters on both sides of the political spectrum. Those on the left say it will help tackle poverty, reduce yawning inequality and help people fend off the threat of their job being automated. For advocates on the right, UBI is seen as an attractive way to simplify complex systems of welfare payment and reduce the size of government.

Tech billionaires, such as Mark Zuckerberg and Elon Musk, have thrown support behind the idea amid anger over their own extreme wealth. It's also caught the attention of Rep. Alexandria Ocasio Cortez (D.-N.Y.) who has floated UBI as part of a Green New Deal – the umbrella name for a host of policies to tackle climate change and reduce inequality.

But it's controversial, too. First, there's the cost. One estimation by journalist Annie Lowrey, who has written a book on UBI, says a $1,000 monthly payment would cost around $3.9 trillion a year. Other critics see UBI as an expensive, free handout that will discourage work and encourage laziness.

These longstanding tropes of the "lazy" poor hold no water for 31-year-old Tanja Kauhanen, another participant in Finland's scheme. While the results so far may have shown no improvement in employment, she believes UBI helps people who are struggling. "Think about it. It's such a carrot to get a job immediately, even if it's low paid."

Tanja Kauhanen

Kauhanen used the money ― and the time freed by no longer having to apply to multiple agencies for welfare benefits ― to take a telemarketing job. Pay was low, but topped up with the basic income, it dramatically changed her quality of life. It helped her finally sort out finances, after years of scouring grocery stores for the cheapest bread, milk and cheese. "I could go to a restaurant and have a normal dinner without thinking that, OK, I am going to have to eat noodles for the rest of the month," she said.

The end of the scheme was a shock, she said, for everyone who participated in the trial. "We all are in big trouble now to be honest, because what would happen to you if your income decreased by €600?"

She's still working at her job, but is already running up debt and desperately searching for better-paying work.

The end of Finland's scheme was also a blow to those who had hoped the trial would be expanded and extended. Politicians "wasted the opportunity of a lifetime to conduct the kind of trial that Finnish social policy experts had done preliminary research for for decades," said Antti Jauhiainen, a director of the think tank Parecon Finland.

He said the government was never really behind the experiment, because it was "simultaneously pushing for cutting the existing benefits and adding surveillance and control of the unemployed." The Finnish government has now introduced an "activation model," which requires unemployed people to complete a minimum of training or work to receive full benefits.

The announcement that Finland had no plans for more UBI schemes followed the cancellation of another UBI trial in Ontario, Canada. That test, launched in April 2017, involved 4,000 people on low incomes who received up to $13,000 a year for individuals, and up to $18,000 for couples, although payments were reduced by 50 cents for every dollar they earned.

The program was axed in 2018, following the election of right-wing politician Doug Ford. The government cited the "extraordinary cost for Ontario taxpayers." All payments will cease by March.

But there are experiments that are still going. A program in Kenya, for example, run by the charity GiveDirectly, has been giving out unconditional money since 2016 to more than 21,000 people in villages across the country in a trial set to last 12 years. Initial results show a boost to the well being of participants.

And there are others on the horizon. In the U.S., a trial is about to kick off in Stockton, California, that will give $500 a month to 100 low-income families. And in Oakland, the tech incubator Y Combinator intends to start a UBI trial this year that would hand $1,000 a month with no strings attached to 1,000 people across two U.S. states for three years. In India, the main opposition party is running on a pledge to introduce a guaranteed minimum income for the country's poor.

Stockton, California, Mayor Michael Tubbs has launched a program to provide universal basic income to a group of low-income residents.

As a policy idea, UBI is certainly not dead yet. "Whether UBI is considered workable will of course depend on the results of these kinds of experiments and the political situation," said Matt Bruenig of the People's Policy Project. "It's important to remember that there is a basic income program in the United States already that has been running for around 40 years: the Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend. So it's not as hypothetical as some people seem to think." Alaska hands residents annual, unconditional checks of $1,000 to $3,000.

Finland is readying itself for elections in two months, and some hope that UBI could be back on the table. Kauhanen is among them. "I loved the basic income experience," she said, "and I wish that it would be for all people in Finland. I know it's expensive, but on a smaller scale, I think it would be just what we need because right now in Finland, the poor people are the ones who are getting cut off."

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HuffPost's "This New World" series is funded by Partners for a New Economy and the Kendeda Fund. All content is editorially independent, with no influence or input from the foundations. If you have an idea or tip for the editorial series, send an email to thisnewworld@huffpost.com


          Facebook encuentra en Alemania su primer escollo      Cache   Translate Page      
Por todos es conocido que el entramado empresarial encabezado por el gurú de las nuevas tecnologías Mark Zuckerberg, donde Facebook, Instagram y WhatsApp destacan como buques insignia, se encuentran en el ojo del huracán mediático tras las polémicas aparecidas que acusan al magnate de emplear las redes sociales para influir ...
          Top 3: Jajaran Kepala Negara dengan Gaji Paling Tinggi di Dunia      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Menjadi presiden merupakan hal yang diinginkan hampir semua orang. Selain karena kekuasaan dan wewenang, gaji presiden juga memiliki nominal yang tidak sedikit.

Sebagai perbandingan, gaji presiden Indonesia, Joko Widodo berada di angka Rp 60-an juta. Tentunya, gaji para pemimpin ini berkali-kali lipat lebih besar daripada itu.

Dikutip dari Money Wise, berikut adalah besaran gaji yang diterima oleh para pemimpin negara setiap tahunnya, sudah termasuk dengan tunjangan dan lainnya.

Artikel delapan kepala negara dengan gaji paling tinggi di dunia menyita perhatian pembaca di kanal bisnis Liputan6.com.

Ingin tahu artikel terpopuler lainnya di kanal bisnis? Berikut artikel terpopuler yang dirangkum pada Minggu (10/2/2019):

1.8 Kepala Negara dengan Gaji Paling Tinggi di Dunia

Menjadi presiden merupakan hal yang diinginkan hampir semua orang. Selain karena kekuasaan dan wewenang, gaji presiden juga memiliki nominal yang tidak sedikit.

Sebagai perbandingan, gaji presiden Indonesia, Joko Widodo berada di angka Rp 60-an juta. Tentunya, gaji para pemimpin ini berkali-kali lipat lebih besar daripada itu.

Dikutip dari Money Wise, berikut adalah besaran gaji yang diterima oleh para pemimpin negara setiap tahunnya, sudah termasuk dengan tunjangan dan lainnya.

Berita selengkapnya baca di sini

2. Hati-Hati, Anda Bisa Gagal Seleksi PPPK Gara-Gara Hal Ini

Pendaftaran rekrutmen Pegawai Pemerintah dengan Perjanjian Kerja (PPPK) tinggal di depan mata. Pada 10 Februari 2019, pendaftaran administrasi sudah bisa dilakukan secara online.

Pada prosesi seleksi, ada tes wawancara yang memastikan pendaftar memiliki netralitas dalam pileg dan pilpres mendatang serta komitmen mereka pada Pancasila dan UUD 45.

"Yang berbeda juga ada tahap wawancara dengan pejabat pembina kepegawaian setempat," ujar Kepala Biro Humas BKN M. Ridwan di Jakarta seperti ditulis Sabtu 9 Februari 2019.

"Bagaimana tanggapannya (peserta) tentang Pancasila, UUD 45? Tidak boleh menyimpang. Harus netral dalam pilpres, pileg, hal-hal seperti itu," tegasnya.

Berita selengkapnya baca di sini

3. Bos Facebook Ketiban Rezeki Rp 209 Triliun pada Awal 2019

Bos Facebook Mark Zuckerberg menorehkan rekor di awal tahun 2019. Penambahan kekayaan di awal tahun 2019 tercatat paling tinggi di antara miliarder lain.

Dilaporkan oleh Bloomberg, Mark Zuckerberg meraup USD 15 miliar atau setara Rp 209 triliun (USD 1 = Rp 13.976) di awal tahun 2019. Pendapatan itu jauh melewati yang diraup CEO Amazon Jeff Bezos yang merupakan orang terkaya di dunia.

Bezos tercatat laba USD 11 miliar (Rp 153 triliun), kemudian diikuti bos Louis Vuitton Bernard Arnault yang mendapat USD 9,43 miliar (Rp 131,5 triliun) di awal tahun 2019.

Berita selengkapnya baca di sini

 

Saksikan video pilihan di bawah ini:

 


          Top 3: Jajaran Kepala Negara dengan Gaji Paling Tinggi di Dunia      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Menjadi presiden merupakan hal yang diinginkan hampir semua orang. Selain karena kekuasaan dan wewenang, gaji presiden juga memiliki nominal yang tidak sedikit.

Sebagai perbandingan, gaji presiden Indonesia, Joko Widodo berada di angka Rp 60-an juta. Tentunya, gaji para pemimpin ini berkali-kali lipat lebih besar daripada itu.

Dikutip dari Money Wise, berikut adalah besaran gaji yang diterima oleh para pemimpin negara setiap tahunnya, sudah termasuk dengan tunjangan dan lainnya.

Artikel delapan kepala negara dengan gaji paling tinggi di dunia menyita perhatian pembaca di kanal bisnis Liputan6.com.

Ingin tahu artikel terpopuler lainnya di kanal bisnis? Berikut artikel terpopuler yang dirangkum pada Minggu (10/2/2019):

1.8 Kepala Negara dengan Gaji Paling Tinggi di Dunia

Menjadi presiden merupakan hal yang diinginkan hampir semua orang. Selain karena kekuasaan dan wewenang, gaji presiden juga memiliki nominal yang tidak sedikit.

Sebagai perbandingan, gaji presiden Indonesia, Joko Widodo berada di angka Rp 60-an juta. Tentunya, gaji para pemimpin ini berkali-kali lipat lebih besar daripada itu.

Dikutip dari Money Wise, berikut adalah besaran gaji yang diterima oleh para pemimpin negara setiap tahunnya, sudah termasuk dengan tunjangan dan lainnya.

Berita selengkapnya baca di sini

2. Hati-Hati, Anda Bisa Gagal Seleksi PPPK Gara-Gara Hal Ini

Pendaftaran rekrutmen Pegawai Pemerintah dengan Perjanjian Kerja (PPPK) tinggal di depan mata. Pada 10 Februari 2019, pendaftaran administrasi sudah bisa dilakukan secara online.

Pada prosesi seleksi, ada tes wawancara yang memastikan pendaftar memiliki netralitas dalam pileg dan pilpres mendatang serta komitmen mereka pada Pancasila dan UUD 45.

"Yang berbeda juga ada tahap wawancara dengan pejabat pembina kepegawaian setempat," ujar Kepala Biro Humas BKN M. Ridwan di Jakarta seperti ditulis Sabtu 9 Februari 2019.

"Bagaimana tanggapannya (peserta) tentang Pancasila, UUD 45? Tidak boleh menyimpang. Harus netral dalam pilpres, pileg, hal-hal seperti itu," tegasnya.

Berita selengkapnya baca di sini

3. Bos Facebook Ketiban Rezeki Rp 209 Triliun pada Awal 2019

Bos Facebook Mark Zuckerberg menorehkan rekor di awal tahun 2019. Penambahan kekayaan di awal tahun 2019 tercatat paling tinggi di antara miliarder lain.

Dilaporkan oleh Bloomberg, Mark Zuckerberg meraup USD 15 miliar atau setara Rp 209 triliun (USD 1 = Rp 13.976) di awal tahun 2019. Pendapatan itu jauh melewati yang diraup CEO Amazon Jeff Bezos yang merupakan orang terkaya di dunia.

Bezos tercatat laba USD 11 miliar (Rp 153 triliun), kemudian diikuti bos Louis Vuitton Bernard Arnault yang mendapat USD 9,43 miliar (Rp 131,5 triliun) di awal tahun 2019.

Berita selengkapnya baca di sini

 

Saksikan video pilihan di bawah ini:

 


          【YYNews週間ブログ記事まとめ】2019月02月05日(火)-02月09日(土)       Cache   Translate Page      
いつもお世話様です。  

【杉並からの情報発信です】【YYNews】【YYNewsLive】を主宰する市民革命派ジャーナリスト&社会政治運動家の山崎康彦です。

☆一週間の「ブログ記事」をコラム【週間ブログ記事まとめ】にまとめてブログサイト【杉並からの情報発信です】と【杉並からの情報発信です2】にアップして配信します。

【杉並からの情報発信です】

http://blog.goo.ne.jp/yampr7

【杉並からの情報発信です2】

http://7614yama.blog.fc2.com/

*今回は2019月02月05日(火)-02月09日(土) に掲載した5本のブログ記事を以下にまとめました。

■【週間ブログ記事まとめ】2019月02月05日(火)-02月09日(土)

①2019月02月05日(火) 日本語ブログ

【今日のブログ記事No.3111】

■新コラム【今日の素朴な疑問と答え】No1:なぜインフルエンザは日本で毎年冬に爆発的に流行するのか?No2:インフルエンザ・ワクチンは本当にきくの?

▲No1:なぜインフルエンザは日本で毎年冬に爆発的に流行するのか?

答え1:「インフルエンザが冬に流行する『正確な』理由は現在もわかっていません」(岩田健太郎著『インフルエンザはなぜ毎年流行するのか』ベスト新書 P16)

答え2:「みなさんは『ケムトレイル』をご存じだろうか。空から飛行機を使って、細菌、ウイルス、化学物質をばらまいく極秘の軍事行動である。その攻撃対象は、なんと自国の国民たち。いったい、何のために?初めて知った人なら絶句するに違いない」「この極秘作戦には、軍部、政府、製薬企業の三者がかかわっている。軍部の目的は、生物兵器の実験。政府の目的は、人工削減。製薬企業の目的は、病気をつくり、薬を売って利益を得ること。まさにワクチンの目的と同じではないか」「軍部は空からバリウム、アルミニュウム、インフルエンザ・ウイルスなどを散布する。バリウムはうつ病、アルミニュウムはアルツ・ハイマー病の原因となる。インフルエンザ・ウイルスは凍結のうえ、人口繊維に付着させて散布している」(船瀬俊介著『ワクチンの罠』P225-226 イーストプレス)

【画像】ケムトレイル (2018年11月15日山梨県富士吉田市上空)

20190205ケムトレイル富士吉田市上空20181115 1638

▲ No2:インフルエンザ・ワクチンは本当にきくの?

答え1:「小中学校の予防接種と、学級閉鎖の関係を10年間調べましたが、ワクチンに感染拡大を抑える効果は全くありません」(ウイルス研究者母里啓子(もりひさこ)博士)(船瀬俊介著『ワクチンの罠P P81 ーストプレス)

答え2:「ここにいるウイルス学者で、インフルエンザ・ワクチンがきくと思っている学者はひとりもいないだろう」(日本ウイルス学会会長だった石田名香雄・東北大学教授)(船瀬俊介著『ワクチンの罠』P81-82 イーストプレス)
__________________________

【関連記事】

▲インフル流行、過去最多 全都道府県「警報レベル」 1医療機関57・09人

2019年2月1日 東京新聞

http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/national/list/201902/CK2019020102000278.html

写真 インフル遷座の患者数の推移

20190204インフルエンザ患者数の推移


厚生労働省は一日、二十一~二十七日の一週間に報告されたインフルエンザ患者が一医療機関当たり五七・〇九人だったと発表した。昨冬ピークの五四・三三人を上回り、集計が始まった一九九九年以降最多。全都道府県で三十人を超える「警報レベル」となった。医療機関を受診したのは全国で約二百二十二万六千人(推計)で、前週から十万人近く増えた。

全国約五百の医療機関から報告された入院患者数は一週間で三千二百五人、集中治療室や人工呼吸器、脳波検査などが必要なケースは延べ六百二十八人に上った。昨冬ピーク時は、それぞれ二千五十人、延べ三百七十九人で、今冬は重症例が目立つ。七十代以上が入院患者の半数超を占める一方、約二割は〇~九歳だった。各地で死亡例の報告も相次いでいる。

根本匠厚労相は閣議後の記者会見で「具合が悪い場合には、早めに医療機関を受診していただきたい」と述べた。

都道府県別では埼玉の八四・〇九人が最多。新潟(七七・七〇人)、千葉(七三・〇〇人)、宮城(六九・八一人)、神奈川(六七・九四人)が続いた。三十一都道府県で前週より増えた一方、十六府県は減った。

休校や学年閉鎖、学級閉鎖となった保育所、幼稚園、小中高校は、全国で計八千九百二十八施設。前週の六千三百四十三施設から大きく増えた。

今シーズンの推計患者数は累計で約七百六十四万一千人。
________________________

(おわり)

②2019月02月06日(水) 日本語ブログ

【今日のブログ記事No.3112】

■製薬会社から年間1000万円以上を個人で受領した医師リスト(2016年度)を公表します!

非営利探査報道機関「ワセダクロニクル」とNPO法人「医療ガバナンス研究所」が共同で構築した「マネーデータベース『製薬会社と医師』」が1月15日に無料公開された。

http://db.wasedachronicle.org/

【画像】2019年2月3日(日)午後早稲田大学で開催された『一部の医師に製薬マネーが集中」 / データベースの活用』緊急シンポジューム!(参加された5人の医師、中央が上昌広・医療ガバナンス研究所理事長)

20190205シンポジューム

このデーターベースを使って、今まで公表されて来なかった「製薬会社と医師の『癒着の構造』」が暴露できるようになったのは画期的なことだ!

「製薬会社、医師に264億円 10万人中114人が1000万円超」「16年度に金銭提供を受けたのは国内の全医師の約3分の1に当たる約9万8千人。額は一部の医師に集中しており、100万円以上は約4900人。最高額は約2900万円で、1千万円以上受け取った医師の約8割が大学教授だった。薬剤の取り扱いが多い内科の医師が目立つという。」(西日本新聞記事)

本来医者とは、患者の命と健康を守るために『患者と向き合う』職業だが、製薬会社の利益のために裏で製薬会社と癒着して『製薬会社と向き合う』医者がいかに多いのかがよくわかる。

特に今回公表するリストには『2016年度に製薬会社から年間1000万円以上を個人で受領した医師』が96人載っているが、彼らは大学教授や医者としての『本来の報酬』とは別に1000万円以上の講演料などの高額報酬を製薬会社から『合法的』に個人で受け取っているのだ。

『利益相反』する製薬会社からの医者個人が受領する報酬や物品は全面的に禁止すべきだろう!
_________________________

▲製薬会社から年間1000万円以上を個人で受領した医師リスト(2016年度)

 名前    金額(円)     施設

1加来浩平 28,995,278 学校法人川崎学園川崎医科大学
2中村祐  25,833,816 国立大学法人香川大学医学部精神神経医学
3三鴨廣繁 22,702,234 学校法人愛知医科大学愛知医科大学大学院医学研究科
4横手幸太郎 21,808,656 国立大学法人千葉大学大学院医学研究院細胞治療内科学講座
5阿古潤哉 20,910,754 北里大学医学部循環器内科学
6野出孝一 20,607,413 佐賀大学医学部循環器内科
7竹内勤  20,341,570 慶應義塾大学医学部リウマチ内科
8伊藤浩a 20,206,473 国立大学法人岡山大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科循環器内科学
9田中良哉 19,680,108 産業医科大学第1内科学講座
10清水渉 19,527,818 日本医科大学大学院医学研究科循環器内科学分野
11小田原雅人 18,468,921 学校法人東京医科大学病院糖尿病・代謝・内分泌内科
12福井道明 18,389,048 京都府立医科大学大学院医学研究科
13佐田政隆 18,271,543 国立大学法人徳島大学
14西村理明 17,952,387 学校法人慈恵大学東京慈恵会医科大学
15中川秀己 17,774,297 東京慈恵会医科大学肝臓センター
16平山篤志 17,711,551 日本大学医学部内科学系循環器内科学分野
17河盛隆造 17,500,213 学校法人順天堂順天堂大学
18弘世貴久 17,466,005 学校法人東邦大学医学部内科学講座糖尿病代謝・内分泌学
19山本信之 17,403,887 和歌山県立医科大学内科学第三講座
20川島眞 17,369,111 東京女子医科大学皮膚科学
21稲葉雅章 16,840,591 公立大学法人大阪市立大学大学院医学研究科代謝内分泌病態内科学
22持田智  16,737,196 埼玉医科大学病院消化器内科・肝臓内科
23阿部雅紀 16,455,835 日本大学医学部内科学系腎臓・高血圧・内分泌内科学分野
24寺内康夫 16,039,879 横浜市立大学大学院医学研究科分子内分泌・糖尿病内科学
25筒井裕之a 15,718,728 北海道大学大学院医学研究科循環病態内科学
26茶山一彰 15,171,016 広島大学大学院医歯薬保健学研究院応用生命科学部門消化器・代謝内科学
27池田隆徳 15,069,514 東邦大学医学部内科学講座循環器内科学分野
28平野勉 15,008,555 昭和大学医学部
29石井均 14,963,665 公立大学法人奈良県立医科大学糖尿病学講座
30柴輝男 14,951,427 学校法人東邦大学東邦大学医療センター大橋病院
31室原豊明 14,641,516 名古屋大学大学院医学系研究科循環器内科学
32古家大祐a 14,546,121 学校法人金沢医科大学金沢医科大学
33森豊   14,493,898 東京慈恵会医科大学附属第三病院
34桑名正隆 14,229,401 日本医科大学大学院医学研究科アレルギー膠原病内科学分野
35竹内正弘 14,213,957 北里大学薬学部
36迎寛   14,141,206 長崎大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科展科学分野(第二内科)
37北村忠弘 14,084,292 国立大学法人群馬大学生体調節研究所生活習慣病解析センター
38坪田一男 13,588,256 学校法人慶應義塾慶應義塾大学
39麻生好正 13,569,763 学校法人獨協学園獨協医科大学内科学(内分泌代謝)
40大久保公裕 13,516,235 日本医科大学耳鼻咽喉科学/頭頸部・感覚器科学
41大野見山崇 13,292,801 学校法人福岡大学福岡大学医学部内分泌・糖尿病内科
42綿田裕孝 13,267,357 学校法人順天堂順天堂大学
43大石充 13,209,816 鹿児島大学大学院医歯学総合研究科心臓血管・高血圧内科学
44渡辺彰a 13,138,366 国立大学法人東北大学加齢医学研究所抗感染症薬開発研究部門
45横山修 13,039,452 福井大学医学部器官制御医学泌尿器科学講座
46鈴木康夫a 13,008,186 学校法人東邦大学東邦大学医療センター佐倉病院
47絹川弘一郎 12,869,489 富山大学大学院医学薬学研究部内科学第二
48山岸昌一 12,819,019 久留米大学医学部糖尿病性血管合併症病態・治療学
49中村正人a 12,760,055 東邦大学医療センター大橋病院循環器内科
50岡田洋右 12,540,316 産業医科大学医学部第一内科学講座講師
51河野茂 12,297,428 国立大学法人長崎大学
52鈴木啓悦 12,272,912 東邦大学医療センター佐倉病院泌尿器科
53秋下雅弘 12,135,437 東京大学大学院医学系研究科加齢医学
54服部信孝a 12,053,290 学校法人順天堂順天堂大学医学部神経学講座
55上田重晴 12,000,000 国立大学法人大阪大学
56萩野浩 11,817,383 国立大学法人鳥取大学医学部保健学科基礎看護学
57玉置淳 11,776,208 学校法人東京女子医科大学東京女子医科大学
58坂田泰史 11,725,726 国立大学法人大阪大学大学院医学系研究科
59安藤朗 11,644,873 国立大学法人滋賀医科大学消化器内科
60門脇孝 11,636,265 東京大学大学院医学系研究科
61棚橋紀夫a 11,574,386 埼玉医科大学国際医療センター神経内科
62倉林正彦 11,510,327 群馬大学大学院医学系研究科
63宗圓聰 11,425,845 学校法人近畿大学近畿大学医学部奈良病院整形外科・リウマチ
64桑原宏一郎a11,392,393 国立大学法人京都大学
65関順彦 11,374,915 帝京大学医学部腫瘍内科
66平野照之 11,372,229 杏林大学医学部脳卒中医学
67前川聡 11,322,051 国立大学法人滋賀医科大学
68小室一成 11,232,334 国立大学法人東京大学大学院医学系研究科循環器内科学
69岩切勝彦 11,182,272 学校法人日本医科大学日本医科大学付属病院消化器・肝臓内科
70神谷英紀 11,056,969 学校法人愛知医科大学愛知医科大学糖尿病内科
71東田有智 11,043,640 学校法人近畿大学近畿大学医学部附属病院呼吸器・アレルギー     
72樋口和秀 10,991,081 大阪医科大学第二内科
73中元秀友 10,980,653 学校法人埼玉医科大学埼玉医科大学病院総合診療内科
74寺本民生 10,966,524 学校法人帝京大学臨床研究センター
75赤司浩一 10,932,026 九州大学大学院医学研究院病態修復内科学(第一内科)
76舘田一博 10,859,156 学校法人東邦大学東邦大学医学部微生物・感染症学講座
77中村二郎 10,855,730 学校法人愛知医科大学愛知医科大学糖尿病内科
78木村和美 10,646,306 日本医科大学大学院医学研究科神経内科学分野
79春間賢 10,615,339 学校法人川崎学園川崎医科大学総合医療センター総合内科学2
80川上純 10,603,459 長崎大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科先進予防医学講座リウマチ・膠原病内科学分野
81沖英次 10,584,266 九州大学病院消化管外科
82福本義弘 10,542,467 久留米大学医学部内科学講座心臓・血管内科部門
83中里信和 10,520,582 東北大学大学院医学系研究科てんかん学分野教授
84秋澤忠男 10,495,675 昭和大学医学部内科学講座腎臓内科学部門
85北川一夫 10,488,509 東京女子医科大学医学部神経内科学
86古川慎哉 10,446,930 国立大学法人愛媛大学大学院医学系研究科疫学・予防医学講座
87岸本暢将 10,311,879 学校法人聖路加国際大学聖路加国際病院
88長谷部直幸 10,295,357 国立大学法人旭川医科大学内科学講座循環・呼吸・神経病態内科学分野
89山中寿 10,259,823 東京女子医科大学附属膠原病リウマチ痛風センター
90佐藤伸一a 10,205,805 東京大学大学院医学研究科・医学部皮膚科学
91中西洋一 10,131,970 九州大学大学院医学研究院呼吸器内科学分野
92中島淳a 10,088,555 公立大学法人横浜市立大学大学院医学研究科肝胆膵消化器病学教室
93上野高史 10,053,165 久留米大学病院循環器病センター
94河合隆a 10,037,344 東京医科大学病院内視鏡センター教授
95益崎裕章 10,010,967 国立大学法人琉球大学大学院医学研究科
96植竹宏之 10,004,854 国立大学法人東京医科歯科大学大学院総合外科学分野教授
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【関連記事1】

▲製薬会社、医師に264億円 10万人中114人が1000万円超 「薬処方との関係、透明化を」

2019年02月02日 西日本新聞

https://www.nishinippon.co.jp/nnp/national/article/483856/

非営利の調査報道メディアとNPO法人(いずれも東京)が、医師と製薬業界の関係を透明化しようと、製薬会社から個人として金銭提供を受けた医師の氏名や金額、講演料などの名目を検索できるデータベースを作成しインターネット上で公開を始めた。登録された医師は2016年度分で約9万8千人、金額は計約264億円。九州の医師17人を含む114人が1千万円以上を受け取っていた。

ジャーナリストや大学生らによる調査報道の非政府組織(NGO)「ワセダクロニクル」と、医師らでつくるNPO法人「医療ガバナンス研究所」が1月15日に公開した。名称は「マネーデータベース『製薬会社と医師』」。同研究所の尾崎章彦医師(福岡県出身)は「医師への金銭提供は、法的には問題がなくても薬の処方などの判断がゆがめられ、国民の健康にも影響が出る可能性がある。データベースで検証可能にしたい」と話す。

金銭提供を透明化する動きは2000年代に米国などで加速。国内の製薬会社でつくる日本製薬工業協会(製薬協)も11年に「透明性ガイドライン」を策定、加盟社は13年度分から医師名や金額をインターネット上で公表している。

しかし閲覧には1社ごとに許可を得る手続きが必要で、印刷やダウンロードを制約している社もあり「どの医師に何社からいくら支払われているのか、全容の把握は事実上不可能」(尾崎医師)。今回のデータベースは約20人がかりで、製薬協の加盟社とその関連会社計77社の公表データを入力し、約1年4カ月をかけて完成させた。17年度分も作成する予定。

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尾崎医師らが分析したところ、16年度に金銭提供を受けたのは国内の全医師の約3分の1に当たる約9万8千人。額は一部の医師に集中しており、100万円以上は約4900人。最高額は約2900万円で、1千万円以上受け取った医師の約8割が大学教授だった。薬剤の取り扱いが多い内科の医師が目立つという。

支払い名目の約8割を占めたのは講演料の約220億円。講演会は、製薬会社が一般の医師向けに薬や治療法に関する知識を提供するために開くもので、地元の大学教授や学会の有名医師などが講師に選ばれる。

福岡市の病院関係者は「講師は製薬会社が販売する薬の効能などを紹介し、薬の宣伝の場にもなっている」。16年度に約30回講師を務め計約250万円を受け取った九州の内科医は「講演会は現場の医師にとって貴重な勉強の場だが、製薬会社にマイナスになる話はしにくい」と明かした。

医師が処方する薬は「医療用医薬品」と呼ばれ、国内での売上金額は年間約10兆円。薬の代金には国民の税金や保険料が含まれる。製薬会社の意向に沿って医師が高価な新薬の処方を増やせば国の医療費が押し上げられる懸念もある。尾崎医師は「製薬会社と医師の関係の透明化は税金や保険料の使い道のチェックにもつながる。本来は公的機関や業界団体がデータベースを作成すべきだ」と指摘している。
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【関連記事2】

▲医者に製薬会社が払うお金の知られざる真実 支払いの実態を徹底的にデータ化してみた

上 昌広 : 医療ガバナンス研究所理事長

2019/02/01 東洋経済ONLINE

https://toyokeizai.net/articles/-/263058

1月15日、「マネーデータベース『製薬企業と医師』」が公開となった。これはワセダクロニクルと、私が主宰する医療ガバナンス研究所が共同で立ち上げたものだ。2019年1月23日現在、アクセスは90万件を超える。

このデータベースを使えば、2016年度に医師(医者)個人が、どのような製薬会社から、どのような名目で、どれだけの資金を受け取っていたかがわかる。

例えば、2016年当時に日本内科学会理事長を務めていた門脇孝(かどわき たかし)/東京大学糖尿病・代謝内科教授(当時)の場合、86回の講演会謝金などの名目で15社から総額1163万6265円を受け取っていた。会社別で最も多かったのは武田薬品工業で255万7076円だった。

異常に低い日本の製薬市場の成長率

このデータベースを公開するに先立ち、われわれはいくつかの調査研究を行い、その結果をトップページに掲載した。

「全製薬会社別 支払額ランキング」だ。多い順に挙げていこう。

第一三共 20億1500万円
中外製薬 11億8282万円
田辺三菱製薬 11億7100万円
武田薬品 11億6160万円
大塚製薬 11億4541万円

とくにトップ3は国内での売り上げ比率が高い。2016年度の連結売上高に占める国内の医療用医薬品の割合は、第一三共60%、中外製薬77%、田辺三菱製薬74%だ。

高齢化が進む先進国で、製薬業は成長が期待できる有望分野だ。その例外が日本である。日本の製薬市場の成長率は約2%。アメリカの7.3%はもちろん、先進国平均の6.2%を大きく下回る。

政府の薬価抑制は、今後も続く。日本の製薬会社が生き残るには、高い成長率の期待できるアメリカ、あるいは中国を含めた新興国に進出せざるをえない。そのためには新薬を独力で開発するか、外部から調達する必要に迫られる。武田薬品がアイルランドの製薬会社シャイアーを約6兆円で買収したのは、このような背景があるからだ。

ちなみに、2016年度、武田薬品の連結売上に占める日本の割合は29%で、アメリカ30%より少ない。欧州は16%、アジアは6%だ。今回の買収で、「武田はもはや日本の企業ではない」(日系製薬会社社員)というのが製薬業界の共通した見解だ。

海外で売れる新薬がない製薬会社は日本の市場を取り合うしかない。降圧剤であれ、糖尿病治療薬であれ、各社、同じような薬を売っている。売り上げに効くのは医師に対する営業だ。

製薬会社が売り上げを増やすためには、医師に金品を提供することは有効な策の1つだ。これはわが国だけの現象ではない。2016年8月にカリフォルニア大学サンフランシスコ校の研究者たちは、20ドル以下の弁当でも、製薬会社から受け取った医師は、その製薬会社が販売する医薬品を処方する傾向があったという研究成果を報告している。

製薬会社から医師への利益供与で、弁当は最も些細なものの1つだ。やはり、いちばん効くのは金だ。

製薬会社から、大学や病院ではなく、医師個人に金を渡す方法は3つある。まず、講演料やコンサルタント料として支払う方法、2つめが、自社の記事広告に出演などの形でメディアを介して支払う方法、そして、NPOや財団など第三者機関への寄付金だ。今回、私たちが作成したデータベースで、明らかになったのは講演料やコンサルタント料として支払った金だけで、氷山の一角である。知人の製薬会社社員は「講演料と同等か、あるいはそれ以上の金をほかの方法で支払っています」という。

このように、われわれの調査には限界がある。メディアやNPOなどを迂回させる方法は、金の流れを隠蔽させる意図があるものもあり悪質なケースの可能性が高い。ただ、それでも、今回の調査からは、さまざまなことが分かってきた。

では、製薬会社は、どのような医師に金を支払っているのだろうか。

今回、データベースを公開するにあたり、「主要20学会別 理事平均受領額ランキング」も提示した。多い順に挙げてみよう。

日本内科学会 605万6879円
日本泌尿器科学会 499万9549円
日本皮膚科学会 457万8681円
日本眼科学会 251万2485円
日本精神神経学会 198万6443円

一方、製薬会社からの金が少ないランキングも見てみよう。

日本形成外科学会 38万7741円
日本プライマリ・ケア連合学会 41万2058円
日本臨床検査学会 57万4266円
日本麻酔科学会 61万9422円
日本病理学会 62万4098円
日本救急医学会 63万4990円

製薬会社と密接な学会ほど利益提供が多い

トップの日本内科学会と最下位の日本形成外科学会では15.6倍の差がある。新薬を使う機会が多いか少ないかで、製薬会社との付き合いは学会によって随分と違う。

製薬会社との距離が近い学会は、製薬会社の影響を避けられない。例えば、学会は各種診療ガイドラインを作成する。その作成者に、これだけの金が流れている。

2012年に社会問題となったノバルティスファーマの降圧剤論文不正事件(ディオバン事件)では、日本高血圧学会の理事に同社から巨額の金が流れていたことが分かっている。彼らの中には論文データを改ざんし、ノバルティス社が販売するディオバンの使用を促していた大学教授もいる。情報開示が進んでいたとしたら、ここまで「暴走」できただろうか。

日本専門医機構の理事長は寺本民生・帝京大学特任教授。専門は高血圧や高脂血症だ。2009~2013年まで日本内科学会理事長も務めた。学会の大物でもある。2016年度、15社から76件の講演などを引き受け、総額1096万6524円を受け取っていた。日本専門医機構と製薬会社の「親密」な関係がわかる。このような分析も、今回のデータベースができて可能となった。

厚労省は、この問題を重視している。医薬品の承認に関わる審議会の規定では、「審議品目の申請者等又は競合企業からの寄付金・契約金等の金額」について、500万円を超える年度がある場合には、「当該品目の審議又は議決中、審議会場から退室」、50万円を超え500万円以下の場合には、「分科会等への出席し意見を述べることができる。審議品目についての議決には加わらない」と規定されている。至極、妥当な基準だ。

もし、この基準を日本内科学会に応用すれば、学会の理事たちは、多くの診療ガイドラインの議決に参加できないことになる。

2016年当時、日本内科学会理事長を務めていた前出の門脇孝氏の場合、武田薬品、MSD、ノボノルディスクファーマ、アストラゼネカ、日本ベーリンガーインゲルハイム、アステラス製薬、田辺三菱、日本イーライリリー、小野薬品の9社から50万円以上の金を受け取っていた。

彼の専門は糖尿病だ。わが国で糖尿病治療薬を販売するのは約30社。このうち15社から金を受け取り、そのうち9社の金額は50万円以上と大きい。門脇氏の判断に、このような金が影響したかはわからない。ただ、少なくともこうした金の受け取りの情報は開示されるべきだ。そして、誰もが解析できるようにデータベースが整備されなければならない。これこそ、われわれが、データベースを作成し、公開した理由だ。

医師と製薬会社の関係についての情報開示は世界中で議論が進んでいる。わが国だけで問題となっている訳ではない。

嚆矢(こうし)は2010年にアメリカで制定されたサンシャイン法だ。アメリカ連邦政府が所管し、公的保険であるメディケア、メディケイドが管理するホームページにアクセスすれば、医師の名前を入力するだけで、製薬会社から受け取った金の総額、関連企業の株の所持といった情報を簡単に確認できる。データの二次利用も簡便で、その解析により、多くの学術論文が発表されている。
日本の製薬会社は情報公開を制限している

ところが、日本の状況は違う。ディオバン事件を受けて、日本製薬工業連合会は2013年から医師への支払いについて公開するようになった。しかしながら、それは形だけだった。というのも、一般人が利用できないように策を弄したからだ。

例えば、第一三共の場合、提供する医師名・施設名・金額の情報は「画像」情報で、テキストとして処理できない。これでは解析できない。

われわれは、このような「画像」をOCRで読み取り、1つずつ間違いがないか確認した。この作業には、のべ3000時間を要し、主にアルバイトの人件費として約400万円を費やした。

また、データを閲覧するに際しては、「本ウェブサイトに記載された内容を無断で転載・転用すること」を禁じており、違反が認められた場合には「情報提供の制限・その他の措置をとらせていただく場合があります」と警告していた。これは透明性向上の主旨に反する。この記述を知ったアメリカの医師は「アメリカではありえない。なんのための公開かわからない」とコメントした。

この状況に、われわれは問題意識を抱いた。だからこそ、データベースを作成し、公開した。まだ不十分な点もあるが、研究に資するデータベースになったと考えている。

このデータベースは無料で、誰でも利用できる。論文発表や記事作成に際して、誰の許可をとる必要もない。論文・記事を書いてもらって結構だ。

本来、このデータベースは日本製薬工業協会が音頭をとって、製薬会社自らが立ち上げるべきものだろう。ぜひ、2017年度分から始めてもらいたい。ただ、現在、そのような動きは聞こえてこない。その場合、われわれは次もやるつもりだ。蟷螂の斧かもしれないが、少しでも情報開示を進め、わが国の医療のレベルが向上することを願っている。

(終わり)

③2019月02月07日(木) 仏日語ブログ

【Blog Franco-Japonais】【仏日語ブログ記事】

■Le president Macron est un agent de "Rothschild",le plus riche du monde et la veritable cause fondamentale de la "disparite entre riches et pauvres"!

マクロン・フランス大統領は『貧富の格差』の本当の元凶である世界一金持ち『ロスチャイルド』のエージェントである!

La cause fondamentale de la "disparite entre riches et pauvres" qui augmente d'annee en annee a l'echelle mondiale est "Rostchild" avec un actif total de 44 trillons d'euros qui monopolise 15,77% du "total des actifs mondiaux de 279 rtillons d'euros" dissimulee par les medias du monde entier!

世界規模で年々深刻化する『貧富の格差』の元凶は、世界中のマスコミが隠す『全世界総資産279兆ユーロ』の15.77%を独占する総資産44兆ユーロの『ロスチチャイルド』である!

"Oxfam", une ONG internationale anti-pauvrete, presente chaque annee en janvier au moment de la "Conference de Davos" son "rapport annuel sur les problemes d'inegalite"

反貧困国際NGO『オックスファム』は毎年1月『ダボス会議』が開催されるときに『格差問題に関する年次報告書』を発表している。

La conclusion du "Rapport annuel 2018" annonce le 23 janvier de cette annee par "Oxfam" etait un "choquant", selon lequel les 26 plus riches personnes du monde possedent le meme actif que les 3,8 milliards de personnes les plus pauvres du monde.

今年の1月23日に発表した『2018年次報告書』の結論は、『世界のトップ裕福層26人が下位38億人分と同じ資産を所有している』と言う『ショッキングな』ものだった。

Cependant, "Oxfam" n'a pas du tout mentionne "Rothschild" qui est le " plus riche du monde" avec un actif total de 44 trillons d'euros !

しかし『オックスファム』は総資産44兆ユーロを持つ『世界一の金持ち』の『ロスチチャイルド』には一切言及していない!

Au lieu de "Rothschild", "Oxfam" a citee comme la principale cause de la "disparite entre riches et pauvres" les 26 personnes les plus riches du monde" comme dindiques ci-dessous!

『ロスチチャイルド』の代わりに『オックスファム』が『貧富の格差』の元凶としてやり玉に挙げているのは下記の『世界のトップ裕福層26人』である!
_____________________________________________

▲ Les 26 meilleurs milliardaires au monde (2018) de Fobes

https://www.forbes.com/billionaires/list/#version:static

Rang Nom Valeur nette Age Pays d'origine de la citoyennete

# 1 Jeff Bezos 112 G $ 55 Amazon Etats-Unis d'Amerique
# 2 Bill Gates 90 G $ 63 Microsoft Etats-Unis
# 3 Warren Buffett $ 84 B 88 Berkshire Hathaway Etats-Unis
# 4 Bernard Arnault 72 $ B 69 LVMH France
# 5 Mark Zuckerberg $ 71 B 34 Facebook Etats-Unis
# 6 Amancio Ortega $ 70 B 82 Zara Espagne
# 7 Carlos Slim Helu 67,1 milliards USD 79 telecommunications Mexique
# 8 Charles Koch 60 B $ 83 Koch Industries Etats-Unis
# 8 David Koch 60 B $ 78 Koch Industries Etats-Unis
# 10 Larry Ellison 58,5 $ US logiciel 74 Etats-Unis
# 11 Michael Bloomberg 50 $ B 76 Bloomberg LP Etats-Unis
# 12 Larry Page 48,8 $ B 45 Google Etats-Unis
# 13 Sergey Brin 47,5 $ B 45 $ Google Etats-Unis
# 14 Jim Walton 46,4 $ B 70 $ Walmart Etats-Unis
# 15 S. Robson Walton 46,2 $ B 74 Walmart Etats-Unis
# 16 Alice Walton $ 46 B 69 Walmart Etats-Unis
# 17 Ma Huateng 45,3 $ B 47 internet media Chine
# 18 Francoise Bettencourt Meyers $ 42.2 B 65 L'Oreal France
# 19 Mukesh Ambani 40,1 $ B 61 produits petrochimiques, petrole et gaz Inde
# 20 Jack Ma $ 39 B 54 commerce electronique en Chine
# 21 Sheldon Adelson $ 38.5 B 85 casinos Etats-Unis
# 22 Steve Ballmer 38,4 $ 62 USD Microsoft Etats-Unis
# 23 Li Ka-shing 34,9 $ B 90 diversifie a Hong Kong
# 24 Hui Ka Yan $ 30.3 B 60 immobilier Chine
# 24 Lee Shau Kee $ 30.3 B 91 immobilier Hong Kong
# 26 Wang Jianlin $ 30 B 64 immobilier Chine

https://www.forbes.com/billionaires/list/
___________________________________________________________
_________________________________________      

▲ 経済紙『フォッブス』が伝える『2018年世界の金持ちトップ26』

1 ジェフ・ベゾス 1120億ドル Amazon.com 共同創設者兼CEO 米国
2 ビル・ゲイツ   900億ドル マイクロソフトの共同創業者兼顧問 米国
3 ウォーレン・バフェット 840億ドル バークシャー・ハサウェイCEO 米国
4 ベルナール・アルノー  720億ドル クリスチャンディオール取締役会長フランス
5 マーク・ザッカーバーグ 710億ドル Facebook共同創業者兼CEO 米国
6 アマンシオ・オルテガ 700億ドル インディテックス社(ZARA)創業者 スペイン
7 カルロス・スリム・ヘル671億ドル メキシコの実業家 メキシコ
8 チャールズ・コーク 600億ドル アメリカの実業家 米国
9 デイビット・コック 600億ドル アメリカの実業家 米国
10 ラリー・エリソン 585億ドル オラクル共同創業者兼会長兼CTO 米国
11 ミカエル・ブルームバーグ500億ドルブルームバーグLP 米国
12 ラリー・ページ    488億ドル グーグル 米国
13 セルゲイ・ブリン   475億ドル グーグル 米国
14 ジム・ウォルトン   464億ドル ウォルマート 米国
15 S.ロブソンウォルトン 462億ドル ウォルマート 米国
16アリス・ウォルトン  460億ドル ウォルマート 米国
17 Ma Huateng   453億ドル インターネットメディア 中国
18 フランスワーズ・べタンクール 422億ドル ロレアルフランス
19 ムケシュ・アンバニi 401億ドル 石油・ガス  インド
20 馬雲   390億ドル アリババ    中国
21 シェルドン・アでルソン385億ドル カジノ  米国
22 スティーブバルマー 384億ドル マイクロソフト 米国
23 Li Ka-shing      349億ドル 香港
24 Hui Ka Yan 303億ドル イモビライザー 香港
24イ・シャウキー    303億ドル イモビライザー 香港
26 Wang Jianlin     300億ドル イモビライザー 香港

出典:ファーブス(https://www.forbes.com/billionaires/list/)
__________________________

▲Cependant, l'actif total des "26 personnes les plus riches du monde" de "1.23 trillons d'euros qui ont ete accuses par Oxfam comme la principale cause de la "disparite entre riches et pauvres" ne represente que 2,79% des actifs totals du "Rothschild"de 44 trillons d'euros!

しかし『オックスファム』が『貧富の格差』の元凶としてやり玉に挙げた資産合計1.23兆ユーロ『世界のトップ裕福層26人』は総資産44兆ユーロの『ロスチチャイルド』の2.79%でしかないのだ!

Selon le "Rapport de Richesse Globale" publie par la "Banque Credit Suisse", il est indique que le "total des actifs mondiaux" d'un an allant de mi-2017 a mi-2018 " est estime a "279 trillons d'euros".

【クレディ・スイス銀行】が発表する「グローバル・ウェルス・レポート」によれば、2017年半ばから2018年半ばまでの一年間の『世界全体の総資産』は『279兆ユーロ』と試算している。

Les "actifs totaux de 1.23 trillons d'euros" des "26 plus riches du monde" mentiaccuses par Oxfam comme la principale cause de la "disparite entre riches et pauvres" ne representent que "0,435%" des "279 trillons d'euros" des actifs totaux du monde ".

『オックスファム』が『貧富の格差』の元凶としてやり玉に挙げた『世界のトップ裕福層26人』の総資産1.23兆ユーロルは『世界全体の総資産額279兆ユーロ』の『0.435%』でしかないのだ!

D'autre part,les "actifs totaxu de 44 trillons d'euros" detenus par" Rothschild"represente "15,77%" des "actifs totaux du monde" de "279 trillons d'euros"!

他方『ロスチチャイルド』が所有する総資産44兆ユーロは『世界全体の総資産額279兆ユーロ』の『15.77%』を占めているのだ!

C'est la "plus grande raison" pour laquelle "Oxfam", "Fobes" et tous les medias du monde entier tentent de desesperement cacher "Rothschild".

これこそが、『オックスファム』や『フォッブス』をはじめとする世界中のマスコミが必死で『ロスチチャイルド』を隠そうとする『最大の理由』である。

▲Si cela est connu partout dans le monde et si les gens reconnaissent que "Rothchild est la cause fondamentale de la disparite entre riches et pauvres", les "mouvements anti-Rothchld" seront lances immediatement dans le monde entier en criant "Renversons Rothchil","Halte au control de la Banque Centrale par Rothschild","Recuperons de Rothschild le droit de l'emission de monnaie a la Banque Centrale"
(la fin)

▲もしもこのことが世界中に知れわたり『ロスチチャイルドこそが格差の元凶』と認識されれば、『ロスチャイルドを倒そう!』『ロスチャイルドの中央銀行支配をやめさせよう!』『ロスチャイルドから中央銀行の通貨発行権を取り戻そう!』という『反ロスチャイルド運動』が世界中で直ちに開始されるだろう!

(終わり)

④2019月02月08日(金) 日本語ブログ

【今日のブログ記事No.3113】

■世界保健機関(WHO)直轄のがん研究所が宣伝する「子宮頸がんの原因はヒトパピローマウイルス(HPV)であり子宮頸がんワクチンは有効である」の『大嘘』に騙されてはいけない!

「世界がんの日」に当たる2月4日、世界保健機関(WHO)直轄のフランス・リヨンにある研究所「国際がん研究機関(International Agency for Research on Cancer、IARC)」は以下の『声明』を発表した。

「根拠のないうわさ」が世界で毎年30万人以上の女性が死亡する原因となっている子宮頸(けい)がんの減少を妨げており、主な発症原因であるヒトパピローマウイルス(HPV)の感染を防止するワクチンについて「有効性と安全性をはっきりと確認している」

IARCのこの『声明』は世界的通信社AFPによって『真実・事実の声明】として全世界に配信された!
______________________________________________________

【AFP記事】

▲子宮頸がんワクチン、「根拠のないうわさ」が接種妨げ WHO研究所

2019年2月4日 AFP日本語版

http://www.afpbb.com/articles/-/3209599?act=all

【資料写真】少女にヒトパピローマウイルス(HPV)の予防ワクチンを接種する医師(2011年9月21日撮影)

20190208子宮頸がんワクチン

【2月4日 AFP】「世界がんの日(World Cancer Day)」に当たる4日、世界保健機関(WHO)本部直轄の研究所「国際がん研究機関(International Agency for Research on Cancer、IARC)」は声明を発表し、「根拠のないうわさ」が世界で毎年30万人以上の女性が死亡する原因となっている子宮頸(けい)がんの減少を妨げており、主な発症原因であるヒトパピローマウイルス(HPV)の感染を防止するワクチンについて「有効性と安全性をはっきりと確認している」と訴えた。

IARCは声明で、「HPVワクチンに関する根拠のないうわさが子宮頸がんの予防に急務とされているワクチン接種の拡大を不必要に遅らせ、妨げている」と指摘。

HPVは主に性交渉を通じて感染し、がんによる女性の死亡原因として4番目に高い子宮頸がんは世界で2分に1人の割合で女性の命を奪っている。

IARCによると、2018年には世界で50万人以上の女性が子宮頸がんと診断されており、ワクチン接種をはじめとする予防対策が強化されなければ、子宮頸がんによって年間最大46万人が死亡する状況が2040年まで続く可能性もあるという。

WHOは少女全員にワクチン接種を勧めているほか、成人女性にもがんリスク軽減のためスクリーニング検査などを推奨している。ワクチンは9歳から14歳の間に接種するのが最も効果的だという。

また国によってはHPV拡大を阻止するため、男子にワクチン接種を勧めているところもある。

ただ、専門家らがHPVワクチンの安全性を繰り返し指摘しているにもかかわらず、ワクチンには慢性疲労症候群や多発性硬化症といった副作用の可能性があるとのうわさから、現実には多くの人が接種を控えている。
_________________________________________________________

▲IARCが声明で言う「根拠のないうわさ」とは何か?

それは、以下の三つだろう。

①感染子宮頸がんの発症はHPV(ヒトパビローマ・ウイルス)が原因ではない。

②従って子宮頸がんワクチンは効かない。

③効かないどころか重篤な副作用をもたらす。

下記に書き起こした船瀬俊介著『効果がないどころか超有害!ワクチンの罠』の16ページ-18ページにを読めば、「根拠のないうわさ」どころか2003年にFDA(米食品医薬品局)が「根拠のある事実」として公式に以下のことを発表しているのだ。

①HPV(ヒトパビローマ・ウイルス)感染と子宮頸がんの発症に因果関係はない。

②HPVは危険なウイルスではなく感染しても自然に消滅するので健康への悪影響はない。

③したがって子宮頸がんワクチンは効かない。

さらに日本での『悲劇』が以下のように書かれている。

①この衝撃事実は米国のジャーナリスト、マイク・アダムスによって明らかにされたが日本では全く報道されることなく国を挙げて子宮頸がんワクチン接種が推奨されてきた。

②日本での子宮頸がんワクチンの公的接種は2010年に始まり13年4月には「定期接種」に指定された。費用は国や自治体の負担となった。対象は、13-16歳の少女たち。彼女らのもとに、自治体から接種を勧める「お知らせ」が届く。親は"義務"と思いこむ。こうして、すでに推計342万人もの少女たちに打たれてきた。

③子宮頸がんワクチンは「無効」なだけではなかった。前出のアダムス氏は「逆にワクチンが子宮頸がん発症リスクを44.6パ-セントも増加させた」と記録されたFDAの内部文書を暴露している。

最後の結論は次の通りだ!

①子宮頸がんワクチンの強行接種は壮大なウソとペテンの犯罪だ。

②子宮頸がんワクチンの正体は「発がんワクチン」だ。それも「44.6パーセント増」というハイリスク。
________________________

【書き起こし】

▲「子宮頸がん」の原因はウイルスではなかった (P16-18)

船瀬俊介著『効果がないどころか超有害!ワクチンの罠』(イーストプレス2014年3月1日発行\1400+税)

「子宮頸がん」の原因はウイルスではなかった。

あなたは唖然とするだろう。なぜならこれは、FDA(米食品医薬品局)の"公式発表"なのだから。

FDAは、日本の厚生労働省に相当する米国の政府機関だ。そののFDAが2003年に、「HPV(ヒトパビローマ・ウイルス)感染と子宮頸がんの発症に因果関係はない」「HPVは危険なウイルスではない」「感染しても自然に消滅するので、健康への悪影響はない」
と公式に認めているのだ。つまり、米国政府が認めているということにほかならない。

この衝撃事実は、米国のジャーナリスト、マイク・アダムスによって明らかにされた。しかし日本では全く報道されることなく、国を挙げて子宮頸がんワクチン接種が推奨さてきた。

子宮頸がんワクチンの公的接種は2010年に始まった。13年4月には「定期接種」に指定された。費用は国や自治体の負担となったのだ。対象は、13-16歳の少女たち。彼女らのもとに、自治体から接種を勧める「お知らせ」が届く。親は"義務"と思いこむ。こうして、すでに推計342万人もの少女たちに打たれてきた。

所が、子宮頸がんの原因はウイルスではなかった。この一事をもって、日本政府と巨大製薬会社によるたくらみは音をたてて大崩壊する。彼らは、次のような理屈で子宮頸がんワクチン接種を強行してきたからだ。

「子宮頸がんは、ウイルス感染によって発症する」

だから

「少女のうちにワクチンを接種させる」

すると、

「ウイルスへの免疫がついて発がんしない」

要するに、一もにもなく「ウイルス原因説」が大前提なのだ。子宮頸がんワクチンの強行接種は、壮大なウソとペテンの犯罪だ。

医師の中にもウイルス原因説を否定する人は多い。

「子宮頸がんワクチンは効きません」

断言するのは、鶴見クリニック委員長の鶴見隆史医師だ。

「子宮頸がんの原因がHPVといわれていますが、あれは大ウソです。HPVは弱いウイルスなので、子宮頸がんをつくる力はない。すでに米国の研究で判明しています」

FDA とまったく同じ見解だ。

「テキサス州知事のリック・ペリーは、いち早く子宮頸がんワクチン接種を法律で義務化。ところがのちにb、彼が製薬会社から多額の献金をもらっていたことが発覚しました。この事実は、全米を揺るがす一大スキャンダルとなりました」

ところが、子宮頸がんワクチンは「無効」なだけではなかった。前出のアダムス氏は、「逆にワクチンが、子宮頸がん発症リスクを44.6パ-セントも増加させた」と記録されたFDAの内部文書を暴露している。

これぞまさにブラックジョーク。親は皆予防効果を期待している。だから5万円に近い大金を払ってまで、愛しい娘にワクチンを打たせる。それなのに、予防どころか、”発がん効果”があったとは。

要するに、子宮頸がんワクチンの正体は「発がんワクチン」だ。それも「44.6パーセント増」というハイリスク。怒りを通り越して天をあおぐ。

(P18おわり)
___________________________

(終わり)

⑤2019月02月09日(土) 日本語ブログ

【今日のブログ記事No.3113】

■公約通り国家レベルで本格的な【ベーシックインカム】を実施するイタリア【五つ星運動】はマスコミが言う【ポピュリズム政党】ではなく本物の【市民革命党】だ!

日本を含む世界の大手マスコミは、イタリア【五つ星運動】をポピュリズム運動(大衆迎合運動)とけなして【五つ星運動】の目玉政策である「市民所得」(イタリア版ベーシックインカム)に関する報道を意図的に流してこなかった。

下記に転載する昨年10月2日付けのロイターのコラム記事は、【五つ星運動】の財政政策は弱者救済のばら撒きであり経済成長を無視している、と批判している記事であるがその中で『市民所得実施』に言及していたので注目した。

この記事によると、イタリア政府は年間予算100億ユーロ(約1.3兆円)を使って、年金生活者を含む貧困ラインを下回る人々に月間最780ユーロ(約10万円)の小切手を650万人に支給とのことである。

私はこの記事を読んで初めて、イタリア政府がいよいよ本格的な「ベーシックインカム」を実施する所に来たことを知った。

【画像】イタリア政府のルイジ・ディマイオ副首相(【五つ星運動】党首)(右)とジュゼッペ・コンテ首相 

20190208イタリアコンテ首相、デイジオ副首相

今回のイタリア【五つ星運動】が主導して政府が実施する「ベーシックインカム」は、支給額の多さ(月10万円)と支給対象者の多さ(650万人)を考えれば、今まで各地で実施された実験的な試みとは全く異なり、国家レベルの本格的な「べーシック・インカム」の実施となり、世界初の画期的な試みとなるのだ。

イタリアの【五つ星運動】やフランスの【黄色いベスト運動】や韓国の【朴槿恵を追放し文政権を生んだ民主化闘争】は、従来の『民主化闘争』や『左翼運動』とは異なり『覚醒した自立した【フツーの市民】』がギリギリのところで決起した【市民革命運動】である。

残念ながら日本の【市民革命運動】はイタリアやフランスや韓国の『先進的な運動』に比べれば、40-50年は遅れているのが現実だろう。
________________________

【該当記事】

▲コラム:イタリア政府予算の「落とし穴」

Lisa Jucca

2018年10月2日 ロイター

https://jp.reuters.com/article/column-italy-budget-idJPKCN1MC078

[ミラノ1日 ロイター BREAKINGVIEWS] - イタリア連立政権は国民への生活保護と減税によって景気の悪化と戦う道を選んだ。来年の財政赤字を国内総生産(GDP)比2.4%に拡大させる財政支出により消費が増え、1.6%の経済成長を達成できると信じているのだ。しかしこの予算案は、高止まりする若年失業率への対策を欠いている。

イタリア全体の失業率は危機前の水準まで下がったが、24歳未満の失業率は8月に31%に上昇した。20歳から34歳の約30%は、学業に携わっているわけでもなければ、就労もせず、職業訓練も受けていない。欧州連合(EU)統計局によると、これは域内で最悪の比率だ。

連立政権は生活保護によってこの問題にある程度まで対処しようとしている。政権を構成する「五つ星運動」が打ち出した「市民所得」は、選挙戦中の最も重要な公約だった。これは年金生活者を含む、貧困ラインを下回る人々に月間最大780ユーロ相当の小切手を支給する構想で、年間100億ユーロの経費がかかる。ディ・マイオ党首によると、想定される受給者数は650万人。ただし、就労年齢であれば積極的に職探しをしていることを証明しなければならない。

イタリアの失業者、とりわけ若年層にとっては待望の一時しのぎとなるかもしれない。選挙で5つ星の得票率が過半数を超えた貧しい南部地域では、若者の2人に1人が経済活動に加わっていない。

しかし、新たな雇用が生み出されない限り、生活保護を増やしても長期的な状況の改善にはつながらない。政府は退職年齢を引き下げることで求人件数が40万件増えると期待している。しかし世界貿易戦争の脅威、イタリア国債利回りの上昇、EUとの関係不透明化を背景に、企業は退職者をすぐに新規採用で代替するのに二の足を踏むかもしれない。

イタリア製造業の景況感は8月に1年8カ月ぶりの低水準に沈んだ。シンクタンクのプロメテイアによると、財政支出の拡大により来年の成長率は約0.3%押し上げられるだろうが、その分は借り入れコストの上昇と不透明感の増大によって相殺されかねない。

イタリアは拡張的な財政政策を選ぶことにより、EUの規則に公然と反旗を翻した。怖いのは、片手で差し出した物をもう一方の手で奪い返すような政策だ。

●背景となるニュース

*イタリア政府が9月27日、2019年から21年の財政赤字のGDP比率を2.4%とする目標を打ち出した。予算案は生活保護、退職年齢の引き下げ、減税に重点を置いている。予算案の詳細はまだ公表されていない。

*トリア経済・財務相は30日、財政投資により向こう2年間の成長率が押し上げられ、財政赤字が拡大しても公的債務のGDP比率は3年間で1%ポイント低下するとの見通しを示した。17年の比率は131%だった。

*同相によると、財政投資は19年に34億ユーロ、GDP比0.2%で、翌年には倍増する計画。財政刺激策がなければ19年の成長率は0.9%だが、刺激策により1.6%に高まるという。

*コンテ首相によると、国有企業を巻き込む別の投資計画では、向こう15年間で380億ユーロの投資を見込んでいる。
________________________________

(終わり)

*************************
【杉並からの情報発信です】【YYNews】【YYNewsLive】
情報発信者 山崎康彦
メール:yampr7@mx5.alpha-web.ne.jp
*************************




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New Delhi: When Google CEO Sundar Pichai refused to attend a US Senate hearing on September 5 last year and instead let an empty chair and a nameplate represent him, the gesture left many lawmakers fuming.

Google instead sent a letter to the Senate Intelligent Committee on why the company was not to appear for a hearing on issues like foreign interference during elections on its platform.

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When Twitter on Saturday declined to appear before an Indian parliamentary panel on Feb 11 to address similar allegations about the presence of political bias on its platform, one thing was clear: India has to do more like the US to wield the big stick and get social media giants take the country seriously when it comes to foreign interference or spread of fake news on their platforms.

Twitter cited "short notice" for the unavailability of its top officials, including its CEO Jack Dorsey who visited India last year, to appear before the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Information Technology headed by BJP MP Anurag Thakur.

According to sources, Twitter's letter has not gone down well with the panel members in what is perceived as "lack of seriousness".

A day before, Twitter issued a statement, saying it is fighting political bias in India and the very next day, refused to appear before the House panel.

The hearing was to be in line with what we have seen with Dorsey, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and Pichai testifying and being grilled by lawmakers in the US and in the European Union (EU) over data privacy, political interference and fake news.

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All eyes are now on the panel members how they react and summon Twitter again, this time with some serious repercussions.


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Running Facebook may now be as testing a task as governing a medium-sized country. But for Mark Zuckerberg and Sheryl Sandberg there is one comfort – the pay is a lot better. https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-47130142 No wonder our ministers obsessed with money (Hen, JosT, GraceF: Money, money, money). They want to be paid like Zuckerberg. Advertisements
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La Prensa

San Pedro Sula, HondurasJosé Carlos Ramos está plenamente convencido de que internet es una herramienta poderosa para que todos los niños del mundo, incluidas sus dos hijas, tengan acceso al conocimiento.

Sin embargo, a él le consta que en ese mundo virtual operan legiones de delincuentes, entre ellos los hackers de sombrero negro, que causan daños a las personas más vulnerables.

SugerenciasDNS Ángel, aplicación gratuita y protectora.

Expertos en seguridad informática recomiendan el uso de la aplicación de DNS Ángel para bloquear y filtrar pornografía, malware o phishing.

Ramos conoce el cielo y el infierno de internet.

Todos los días, a diferencia de los usuarios comunes, navega en la web superficial (redes sociales, Google y otros sitios), web profunda (bases de datos y registros) y en la web oscura (donde los delincuentes ofrecen documentos falsos, pornografía y otros objetos prohibidos, como armas).

Compañías de diferentes países contratan a este hacker de sombrero blanco de Honduras para que desde aquí ataque a sus sistemas informáticos o los nuevos software con el objeto de poner a prueba la seguridad.

Cuatro millones de hondureños tienen cuenta en FacebookRamos, por ser un experto en seguridad informática, no permite que sus dos hijas (de 3 y 8 años) tengan dispositivos electrónicos para navegar solas por internet.

De esta forma evita exponerlas ante las amenazas que golpean a millones de niños en el mundo.

“Los padres de familia no podemos prohibir el uso de internet, pero debemos controlarlo.

A mi hija le permitimos usar internet en el celular de mi esposa y en el mío.

Así sabemos y conocemos los lugares que visita”, dice.

Según We Are Social (Londres), existen 3.

8 millones de cuentas hondureñas en redes sociales.

Hace poco, su hija comenzó a utilizar el videojuego Roblox, el cual, por funcionar en línea, le permite por medio de su mensajería comunicarse con cualquiera de los 40 millones de jugadores del mundo.

Pero Ramos siempre se mantiene a la expectativa, pues “en un juego en línea un adulto puede fingir que es un niño para manipular”.

“Cuando ella comienza a jugar, yo estoy a lado de ella.

Yo le abrí su cuenta con mi correo electrónico.

Cualquier cosa o mensaje que le manden le llega a mi correo.

Yo hablé con ella y le dije que si alguien le envía un ‘hola’ debe mostrármelo”, dice.

Los padres de familia de Honduras (expertos o no en informática), sugiere Ramos, “deben tomar medidas como estas para que sus niños no sean víctimas de daños psicológicos provocados por personas que están en otras partes del mundo”.

Si los padres no toman algunas precauciones, como las de Ramos, en un momento inesperado un niño o un adolescente puede transformarse en víctima de la ciberviolencia, el ciberacoso o el grooming (engaño pederasta).

Algunos menores establecen amistad con desconocidos en estas.

El Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (Unicef) advierte en su informe Estado mundial de la infancia: niños en un mundo digital , que “la ciberviolencia y el ciberacoso se han convertido en un problema mundial (.

.

.

), el fraude, el crimen organizado y la trata de niños y niñas por internet amenazan con convertir estos problemas en línea en verdaderas desgracias fuera de línea”.

Para concienciar a la sociedad y a los gobiernos, Unicef y otros organismos, como Insafe/Inhope, celebran el segundo día de febrero el Día de Internet Seguro (Safer Internet Day, SID en inglés).

La semana anterior lo realizaron con el lema Una internet mejor comienza contigo: conviviendo con respeto para una internet segura.

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El K9 Web Protection es un software gratuito de filtrado de internet y control parental para el hogar.

César Orellana, director de ingeniería en informática de la Universidad Tecnológica Centroamericana (Unitec) en San Pedro Sula, es del criterio que “la mejor manera para proteger a los niños de las amenazas que hay en internet es acompañándolos y supervisándolos”.

“En internet es lo mismo como cuando vamos al parque o al estadio: hay personas buenas y malas.

Debemos acompañarlos para que no corran riesgos”, dice.

Para el Centro de Investigación de Intimidación Cibernética, el acoso cibernético (cyberbullying) es “un daño deliberado y reiterado infligido mediante el uso de computadoras, teléfonos celulares y otros dispositivos electrónicos”.

En el mundo, muchos niños, víctimas del acoso cibernético (difamación, humillación, amenazas), han intentado suicidarse.

Así como miles de individuos adultos utilizan cyberbullying, en las redes sociales los pederastas recurren al grooming para ganar la confianza y simpatía de niños y adolescentes con el objeto de introducirlos a la prostitución infantil o obtener material pornográfico que luego venden en la web oscura.

Emails hondureños, entre los hackeados y filtrados En las últimas semanas, piratas informáticos expusieron en internet más de 700 millones de direcciones de correos electrónicos hackeados, entre ellos hondureños.

En el servicio de almacenamiento en la nube MEGA, los piratas publicaron los emails y contraseñas agrupadas en carpetas con nombres Collection#1, Collection#2, Collection#3, Collection#4, Collection#5, según la compañía de seguridad informática ESET.

Los piratas pusieron en venta estas bases de datos (que han sido retiradas de MEGA) para que delincuentes utilicen los correos en la suplantación de identidad, hackeo de cuentas bancarias y en otros delitos cibernéticos.

El instituto Hasso Plattner (Alemania) calcula que todas las carpetas suman 2,200 millones de registros, entre emails y contraseñas.

Los hondureños pueden investigar si su correo se encuentra en el grupo de filtrados por medio de un sitio web haveibeenpwned.

com/.

Troy Hunt, australiano experto en seguridad, gestiona ese sitio para ayudar a las personas afectadas a identificar la situación de su correo.

MedidasAl igual que Mark Zuckerberg, fundador de Facebook, el hacker sombrero blanco Carlos Ramos tapa la cámara de su computadora para proteger su privacidad de los piratas cibernéticos.

“Quienes nos manejamos en este mundo, tapamos la cámara o la desconectamos porque alguien te puede grabar o tomar fotos mientras trabajas y no te das cuenta.

Ese material después lo usan para cometer delitos.

Los padres de familia pueden hacer lo mismo para evitar problemas en sus hijos”, dice.

Para que los niños no estén expuestos, Ramos recomienda utilizar en la configuración de los dispositivos los OpenDNS que bloquean el acceso a sitios con contenido inapropiado.

Redes wifi públicas no son tan seguras para comprarMás personas mayores de 15 años con conexión a internet realizan transacciones bancarias y compras online de productos y servicios a empresas nacionales y extranjeras.

En 2019, según la empresa We Are Social de Londres, en Honduras, el 3.

6% de mujeres realiza transacciones en línea y el 8.

6% de hombres.

Sin embargo, no todos los usuarios toman algunas medidas de seguridad para evitar el robo de información y posteriormente los fraudes.

Moisés Molina, director del campus virtual de la Universidad Tecnológica de Honduras (UTH), le recomienda a las personas “no utilizar redes wifi públicas desconocidas” para hacer compras.

Antes de realizar las transacciones, “la persona debe considerar que la red wifi sea confiable.

Si la red wifi es de un lugar público, como un parque, es muy abierta y está expuesta.

Cualquier persona puede entrar a hackear el dispositivo que esté conectado”, dice.

“Yo me conecto a redes wifi seguras y hago transacciones.

Sí pueden usar las redes wifi de empresas e instituciones que tienen sistemas de protección”, dice.


                Cache   Translate Page      
El judío Mark Zuckerberg desplazó a Carlos Slim del top de multimillonarios

          Study shows that countries that permit Facebook's beloved "zero rating" programs end up with more expensive wireless data      Cache   Translate Page      

Facebook loves "zero rating," when an internet provider takes bribes from online services to exempt them from data charges on their networks: Facebook says that having a roster of (Facebook-approved) services that are free-to-use benefits the poorest people in a country (and the fact that this also makes "Facebook" synonymous with "internet" for whole nations is merely incidental).

But reality has a well-known anti-Facebook bias, which is why all the studies done on the supposed benefits of zero-rating have shown that the practice is harmful in every way: primarily benefiting the rich, not the poor, for example.

Now, a careful, comprehensive study of 30 European countries by Epicenter.works finds that zero-rating encourages carriers to collude with Facebook to raise prices on non-zero-rated services, making it much harder to escape Facebook's orbit (and other big incumbents).

Many countries and territories are debating zero rating today, from California to the FCC, and the same old arguments about access for poor people and bridging the digital divide keep getting trotted out to support what is ultimately an anti-competitive tie-up between the biggest telcos and the biggest online services to freeze out smaller competitors.

This study is an important addition to the scholarship rebutting this nonsense, and as Net Neutrality moves back into US Congress, it's a handy document to keep around for your racist Facebook uncle and other low-information types who are being astroturfed into thinking that Net Neutrality is "government control of the internet."

Based on the evidence, zero rating not only serves as a means to enhance ISPs’ power over the Internet, but it’s also how they charge consumers more money for wireless service.

Read the rest


          Facebook konečne spúšťa službu, o ktorú ho užívatelia prosili už roky      Cache   Translate Page      
MENLO PARK - Facebook ponúka po dlhých rokoch svojim užívateľom službu, ktorou doteraz disponoval iba zakladateľ tejto sociálnej siete Mark Zuckerberg. Užívatelia aplikácie Messenger tak budú mať po novom možnosť odstraňovať odoslané správy v schránke príjemcu. Ak to však budú chcieť využiť, musia to stihnúť urobiť v istom časovom limite.
          Wielka popularność, "pół-życie" użytkowników i głośne skandale. Urodziny z kontrowersjami w tle      Cache   Translate Page      
Minęło półtorej dekady, odkąd student Harvardu Mark Zuckerberg powołał serwis, który miał służyć komunikacji w obrębie uczelni.
          Wielka popularność, "pół-życie" użytkowników i głośne skandale. Urodziny z kontrowersjami w tle      Cache   Translate Page      
Minęło półtorej dekady, odkąd student Harvardu Mark Zuckerberg powołał serwis, który miał służyć komunikacji w obrębie uczelni. W tym czasie Facebook stał się medium globalnym, zmusza do przewartościowania wielu kwestii społecznych i prowokuje do pytań o ochronę danych osobowych oraz przyszłość demokracji.
          Instagram Integrates IGTV Previews Into Main Feed To Bolster Fledgling Video Hub      Cache   Translate Page      

IGTV, which many perceived as Instagram’s answer to YouTube upon its launch last June, has thus far failed to live up to that promise. And now, parent app Instagram will be integrating IGTV preview videos into its flagship feed to direct more users to the longer-form hub.

If a user follows someone who has posted a new video on IGTV, Variety reports, a preview (that's up to one minute in length) could appear in the primary feed, enabling them to check out the clip there before porting over to IGTV to watch the video in its entirety. (Videos on IGTV -- which are housed within Instagram as well as in a standalone app -- can be 10 minutes max for most users, and up to 60 minutes for verified accounts). “With IGTV previews in feed, we’re making it even easier to discover and watch the latest video content from your favorite follows,” an Instagram spokesperson told Variety.

Facebook has yet to share any user stats about IGTV, though in an earnings call last week, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg crowed that Instagram Stories had surpassed 500 million daily active users. IGTV has also yet to roll out monetization for creators, in the vein of YouTube's ad split, despite the fact that execs previously said that opportunities were forthcoming.

Visit Tubefilter for more great stories.


           Facebook skończył 15 lat      Cache   Translate Page      

Minęło półtorej dekady, odkąd student Harvardu Mark Zuckerberg powołał serwis, który miał służyć komunikacji w obrębie uczelni. W tym czasie Facebook stał się medium globalnym, zmusza do przewartościowania wielu kwestii...


          Zachodni sąsiedzi wprowadzają ograniczenia na portalach społecznościowych      Cache   Translate Page      

Na terenie Niemczech Urząd Ochrony Konkurencji wprowadził ograniczenia przetwarzania i pobierania danych na portalach społecznościowych.
Zakaz obejmuje najpopularniejsze serwisy: Instagram, Facebook, WhatsApp. Urząd zabronił między innymi gromadzenia danych z zewnętrznych stron internetowych, na przykład poprzez wykorzystywanie przycisku „Lubię to”.

Przepisy mają zostać wprowadzone w ciągu obecnego roku, jednak urzędnicy dają cztery miesiące do dostosowania się do nowych rzeczy dla firmy Marka Zuckerberga.

Według niemieckich władz amerykańska firma nadużywa swojej dominującej pozycji. Nasi zachodni sąsiedzi wyrazili nadzieję, że podobne przepisy zostałyby przyjęte w całej Unii Europejskiej.

Przedstawiciele Facebooka zapowiadają odwołanie się od decyzji niemieckiego sądu.

Reakcja „Lubię to” pod lupą?

Trwają również badania, czy przycisk „lubię to” pomaga w gromadzeniu przez Facebooka danych poza swoim własnym portalem. Ogniowi krytyki poddany został fakt, że aby korzystać z portalu, trzeba zgodzić się na cały pakiet zapisów o gromadzeniu danych.

Według statystyk już połowa naszego kontynentu korzysta z portalu społecznościowego Facebook lub aplikacji Messenger. W Polsce liczba użytkowników wynosi ponad szesnaście milionów.

Źródło: msn.com / tvp.info / pixabay.com / mobirank.pl

          Comment on Is Europe closing in on an antitrust fix for surveillance technologists? by gerard mcloughlin      Cache   Translate Page      
Excellent post that even I could understand it has been frustrating not to know how things would pan out in the next 6 months(even) but because its not a 5 billion fine you don't hear about it as you have mentioned what effect does this approach have , how can they douse this inferno with fines when they have more money than the federal reserve collectively, they print ther own currency Governments have tried to end it all with fines but it had a similar effect as using a water pistol in a forest fire as in California recently SM get away with what they do via manipulating half dead 89 year politicians who were around when the last piece of railroad was completed On February 28, 1827, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. I live in Germany and much like the US they, the government, like to own things it's only when the monopoly belongs to them in the first place that they take there time making it accessible for commercial use and then they have "real" competition.(FB Apple Google have none (yet) it's like the "statsvertrag" which is the regulation of sports /casino betting now been considered after 20 years and they're no closer to that end. Why is this ? its because the German government have a billion Euro monopoly on Lotto. But this move, hey I'm impressed, not surprised, that they have moved so swiftly, not with fines but a culdesac regarding repetitive, perpetual which they rely on and is ther main source of income, stolen data, for income not overheads like fines which are already accounted in to they yearly bottom line, thereby pacifying their shareholders and as we have seen the last week after going beyond there projections as regards T/O for the last quarter, LOL, the price rocketed However we are all sheep and do silly things like this because its part of our DNA and thats greed and no government can put the hammer or vice on that little bit of our billion year evolution Greed has been with us for billions of years and won't go away but that is what FB and SM were doing all but compressed into 14 years not billions The stock prices will now slowly erode itself because of what's in your article not there every tabloid explosive headline like fines, some are 500K as they said, breaking the news after the fine was imposed "Zuckerberg is in the hospital because he busts a spline laughing because he couldn't stop laughing. If the fine is 500K or 5 billions or 20 billion it doesn't matter as you say they will change trajectory as the laws are old and redundant SM Google etc have taken ca 20 years to get where they are and they will recoup there loses amongst collectively ,change hates , thats Google Apple and FB, Haha for them once again,but not this time with this strategic move from the Bosch ! This is the first real (not rusted or broken )nail on the head, it can also change direction in flash twist I SM will go away, it doesn't have to but it has to change and adopt another face and inner soul, however, that means no profit and as we know FB, SM etc have no charitable virtues, do they? The biggest hit for them is this kind of thing will kill FB Apple Google once and for all because it's not the pockets they are showing up, it's their freedom to manipulate the entire world in every respect There's an old Germ proverb "Vertrauen ist gut ,abre Kontolle ist besser" besser "Trust is good but controll is better" Nothing more fitting for Facebook Apple Googe and the rest of em https://www.revealnews.org/article/facebook-knowingly-duped-game-playing-kids-and-their-parents-out-of-money/ his is next and two senators are asking questions about this dirty to Z ? Let's see what happens on the 19 Feb, again no headline but devastating for FB Google Apple -Its a 5 billion recurring income fro "FREE" game (contradiction ) . The law is outdated as they are made fro the wire act etc that was the 60,s, and just repealed last year?LOL, once again for Z etc, However just because its "law" doesn't make it right? The stats are rising as regards the participation of unregulated gambling income for FB etc the fine would also be huge and (bird ) or jail time possible for flouting " not knowing about these laws" (they are there for all to read )even if they have just recently been amended.
          2/10/2019: FRONT PAGE: Watchdog to Facebook: Remove Fatah page      Cache   Translate Page      

An Israeli watchdog group has submitted a request to Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg to close down Fatah’s official Facebook page. In the letter sent Thursday – and reviewed first by The Jerusalem Post – Palestinian Media Watch (PMW) CEO Itamar Marcus...
          Bagaimana Orang Kaya di Dunia Menghabiskan Uangnya?      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, New York - Orang-orang kaya di dunia selalu menarik perhatian; bagaimana mereka mendapatkan uang, apa yang mereka lakukan terhadap uang itu, dan sebagainya.

Pada tahun 2018, tercatat ada 28 juta orang di dunia yang memiliki pendapatan tertinggi di dunia, dengan jumlah kekayaan (jika dijumlah seluruhnya) USD 62 triliun.

Kebanyakan dari mereka berasal dari Amerika Serikat dan terbagi menjadi beberapa kategori: high-net-worth dan ultra-high-net-worth. Mereka memiliki kekayaan yang berkisar antara USD 1-USD 30 juta, bahkan lebih.

Namun sebenarnya, apa yang terjadi pada uang-uang tersebut?

Dilansir dari CNN, mereka banyak mendonasikan uang yang mereka miliki untuk keperluan amal.

Tahun lalu, CEO Amazon Jeff Bezos dan MacKenzie Bezos mendonasikan USD 2 miliar dalam rangka Day One Fund untuk membantu tunawisma Amerika. Michael Bloomberg memberikan bantuan keuangan USD 1,8 miliar untuk almamaternya, John Hopkins University.

Sebagian besar donasi dari kekayaan mereka diberikan untuk menyokong edukasi, layanan sosial, seni, budaya dan kesehatan.

Meskipun begitu, ketika dihadapkan pada hobi dan minat, para miliarder ini tetap menomorsatukan apa yang mereka cintai tersebut. Mereka menyukai olahraga seperti sepak bola, ski, basket dan baseball dan tak jarang dari mereka menginvestasikan uang mereka untuk hobi olahraganya tersebut.

Siapa Saja Mereka?

Ilustrasi Orang Terkaya#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Orang-orang kaya di dunia ini masih didominasi oleh kaum pria. Kaum wanita hanya mengisi 14 persen hingga 16 persennya. Sekitar 40 persen dari mereka tinggal di Amerika Utara, sisanya tinggal di Eropa dan Asia.

Amerika Serikat menjadi negara pertama yang ditempati orang-orang super kaya, disusul oleh China, Jepang, Jerman dan Inggris. Para CEO besar dunia seperti Jeff Bezos, Bill Gates, hingga Mark Zuckerberg merupakan orang-orang yang termasuk dalam miliarder dunia.

Kebanyakan orang-orang kaya ini memiliki bisnis yang mereka kelola dari bawah. Hampir 84 persen miliarder dunia membangun usaha mereka sendiri, hanya 5 persen yang memiliki harta warisan dan 12 persen saja yang memiliki harta warisan dan membangun usaha mereka secara bersamaan.

Saat ini jumlah individu dengan kekayaan yang bersumber dari penghasilan sendiri meningkat tajam. Mereka berbisnis di bidang keuangan, bisnis, dan investasi. Selain itu, sumber penghasilan besar didapat pula dari sektor manufaktur, teknologi, layanan bisnis dan konstruksi.


          Bagaimana Orang Kaya di Dunia Menghabiskan Uangnya?      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, New York - Orang-orang kaya di dunia selalu menarik perhatian; bagaimana mereka mendapatkan uang, apa yang mereka lakukan terhadap uang itu, dan sebagainya.

Pada tahun 2018, tercatat ada 28 juta orang di dunia yang memiliki pendapatan tertinggi di dunia, dengan jumlah kekayaan (jika dijumlah seluruhnya) USD 62 triliun.

Kebanyakan dari mereka berasal dari Amerika Serikat dan terbagi menjadi beberapa kategori: high-net-worth dan ultra-high-net-worth. Mereka memiliki kekayaan yang berkisar antara USD 1-USD 30 juta, bahkan lebih.

Namun sebenarnya, apa yang terjadi pada uang-uang tersebut?

Dilansir dari CNN, mereka banyak mendonasikan uang yang mereka miliki untuk keperluan amal.

Tahun lalu, CEO Amazon Jeff Bezos dan MacKenzie Bezos mendonasikan USD 2 miliar dalam rangka Day One Fund untuk membantu tunawisma Amerika. Michael Bloomberg memberikan bantuan keuangan USD 1,8 miliar untuk almamaternya, John Hopkins University.

Sebagian besar donasi dari kekayaan mereka diberikan untuk menyokong edukasi, layanan sosial, seni, budaya dan kesehatan.

Meskipun begitu, ketika dihadapkan pada hobi dan minat, para miliarder ini tetap menomorsatukan apa yang mereka cintai tersebut. Mereka menyukai olahraga seperti sepak bola, ski, basket dan baseball dan tak jarang dari mereka menginvestasikan uang mereka untuk hobi olahraganya tersebut.

Siapa Saja Mereka?

Ilustrasi Orang Terkaya#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Orang-orang kaya di dunia ini masih didominasi oleh kaum pria. Kaum wanita hanya mengisi 14 persen hingga 16 persennya. Sekitar 40 persen dari mereka tinggal di Amerika Utara, sisanya tinggal di Eropa dan Asia.

Amerika Serikat menjadi negara pertama yang ditempati orang-orang super kaya, disusul oleh China, Jepang, Jerman dan Inggris. Para CEO besar dunia seperti Jeff Bezos, Bill Gates, hingga Mark Zuckerberg merupakan orang-orang yang termasuk dalam miliarder dunia.

Kebanyakan orang-orang kaya ini memiliki bisnis yang mereka kelola dari bawah. Hampir 84 persen miliarder dunia membangun usaha mereka sendiri, hanya 5 persen yang memiliki harta warisan dan 12 persen saja yang memiliki harta warisan dan membangun usaha mereka secara bersamaan.

Saat ini jumlah individu dengan kekayaan yang bersumber dari penghasilan sendiri meningkat tajam. Mereka berbisnis di bidang keuangan, bisnis, dan investasi. Selain itu, sumber penghasilan besar didapat pula dari sektor manufaktur, teknologi, layanan bisnis dan konstruksi.


          Bagaimana Orang Kaya di Dunia Menghabiskan Uangnya?      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, New York - Orang-orang kaya di dunia selalu menarik perhatian; bagaimana mereka mendapatkan uang, apa yang mereka lakukan terhadap uang itu, dan sebagainya.

Pada tahun 2018, tercatat ada 28 juta orang di dunia yang memiliki pendapatan tertinggi di dunia, dengan jumlah kekayaan (jika dijumlah seluruhnya) USD 62 triliun.

Kebanyakan dari mereka berasal dari Amerika Serikat dan terbagi menjadi beberapa kategori: high-net-worth dan ultra-high-net-worth. Mereka memiliki kekayaan yang berkisar antara USD 1-USD 30 juta, bahkan lebih.

Namun sebenarnya, apa yang terjadi pada uang-uang tersebut?

Dilansir dari CNN, mereka banyak mendonasikan uang yang mereka miliki untuk keperluan amal.

Tahun lalu, CEO Amazon Jeff Bezos dan MacKenzie Bezos mendonasikan USD 2 miliar dalam rangka Day One Fund untuk membantu tunawisma Amerika. Michael Bloomberg memberikan bantuan keuangan USD 1,8 miliar untuk almamaternya, John Hopkins University.

Sebagian besar donasi dari kekayaan mereka diberikan untuk menyokong edukasi, layanan sosial, seni, budaya dan kesehatan.

Meskipun begitu, ketika dihadapkan pada hobi dan minat, para miliarder ini tetap menomorsatukan apa yang mereka cintai tersebut. Mereka menyukai olahraga seperti sepak bola, ski, basket dan baseball dan tak jarang dari mereka menginvestasikan uang mereka untuk hobi olahraganya tersebut.

Siapa Saja Mereka?

Ilustrasi Orang Terkaya#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Orang-orang kaya di dunia ini masih didominasi oleh kaum pria. Kaum wanita hanya mengisi 14 persen hingga 16 persennya. Sekitar 40 persen dari mereka tinggal di Amerika Utara, sisanya tinggal di Eropa dan Asia.

Amerika Serikat menjadi negara pertama yang ditempati orang-orang super kaya, disusul oleh China, Jepang, Jerman dan Inggris. Para CEO besar dunia seperti Jeff Bezos, Bill Gates, hingga Mark Zuckerberg merupakan orang-orang yang termasuk dalam miliarder dunia.

Kebanyakan orang-orang kaya ini memiliki bisnis yang mereka kelola dari bawah. Hampir 84 persen miliarder dunia membangun usaha mereka sendiri, hanya 5 persen yang memiliki harta warisan dan 12 persen saja yang memiliki harta warisan dan membangun usaha mereka secara bersamaan.

Saat ini jumlah individu dengan kekayaan yang bersumber dari penghasilan sendiri meningkat tajam. Mereka berbisnis di bidang keuangan, bisnis, dan investasi. Selain itu, sumber penghasilan besar didapat pula dari sektor manufaktur, teknologi, layanan bisnis dan konstruksi.


          Study shows that countries that permit Facebook's beloved "zero rating" programs end up with more expensive wireless data      Cache   Translate Page      

Facebook loves "zero rating," when an internet provider takes bribes from online services to exempt them from data charges on their networks: Facebook says that having a roster of (Facebook-approved) services that are free-to-use benefits the poorest people in a country (and the fact that this also makes "Facebook" synonymous with "internet" for whole nations is merely incidental).

But reality has a well-known anti-Facebook bias, which is why all the studies done on the supposed benefits of zero-rating have shown that the practice is harmful in every way: primarily benefiting the rich, not the poor, for example.

Now, a careful, comprehensive study of 30 European countries by Epicenter.works finds that zero-rating encourages carriers to collude with Facebook to raise prices on non-zero-rated services, making it much harder to escape Facebook's orbit (and other big incumbents).

Many countries and territories are debating zero rating today, from California to the FCC, and the same old arguments about access for poor people and bridging the digital divide keep getting trotted out to support what is ultimately an anti-competitive tie-up between the biggest telcos and the biggest online services to freeze out smaller competitors.

This study is an important addition to the scholarship rebutting this nonsense, and as Net Neutrality moves back into US Congress, it's a handy document to keep around for your racist Facebook uncle and other low-information types who are being astroturfed into thinking that Net Neutrality is "government control of the internet."

Based on the evidence, zero rating not only serves as a means to enhance ISPs’ power over the Internet, but it’s also how they charge consumers more money for wireless service.

Read the rest


          Facebook Messenger unsend feature introduces for users like WhatsApp      Cache   Translate Page      

Skyneel - Android guide, driver, root, ROM update, excel, review, App

Last year, Facebook users found out that Mr. Mark Zuckerberg had the power to delete Facebook messages on the app which led them to ask Facebook to introduce the feature for all users as well. Now, Facebook Messenger unsend feature introduces for users just like WhatsApp. Facebook launches unsend feature in his Messenger. This feature […]

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit https://www.skyneel.com for full article and more articles ]]


          Este ódio não lhe pertence - Uma breve história da manipulação midiática e nas redes sociais      Cache   Translate Page      

A imprensa, em seus primórdios, assumiu um papel importantíssimo na crítica sobre a organização social e política. Porém, este papel foi prejudicado à medida que as empresas jornalísticas passaram a perseguir o aumento do lucro, em detrimento da ética e da preocupação com a função social. Anunciantes e empresas apoiadoras passaram a ter mais e mais influência na notícia veiculada. A informação tornou-se mercadoria e os meios de comunicação de massa, engrenagens importantes do sistema, engajados em “moldar” a opinião pública. Costuma-se dizer que a liberdade de imprensa tornou-se “liberdade de empresa”.

No Brasil, a mídia conservadora, submetida aos interesses dos grandes empresários-anunciantes, impediu de forma eficaz que os partidos de esquerda chegassem ao governo por muitos anos. Contribuiu para isso, principalmente, ao disseminar a convicção de corrupção generalizada na política e de que “partidos” não seriam algo importante. Outros fatores também influenciaram no processo, como a existência de “currais eleitorais”, a compra de votos através de dinheiro ou favores pessoais (são corruptos apenas os políticos?).  E também é preciso destacar, ainda, a maneira como se estrutura a propaganda política no país (estetizada, direcionada a vender candidatos como “produtos”, ou seja, só pela aparência e não pelo conteúdo), que torna muito mais fácil a manipulação do público. Eleitores sem esclarecimento, tempo ou condições de buscar informações factuais, o histórico e o desempenho passado de cada um dos candidatos, são facilmente impressionáveis por “convicções”. E as informações factuais, que deviam ser a principal ferramenta para a decisão do voto, deixam de ser consideradas. Quanto aos partidos, não são nada mais do que a “cola” que mantém juntos determinados políticos. Se o grupo não tiver convicções em comum (uma ideologia?), não passará de um aglomerado de oportunistas.

Sob a influência da grande mídia, por muitos anos a desilusão com a política e com os políticos fez com que as classes média e baixa participassem de forma precária do processo democrático. Os políticos que poderiam fazer a diferença encontravam um público condicionado, pronto a ver todos como “farinha do mesmo saco”. A revolta apática de votos nulos e brancos é muito conveniente para manter as coisas como estão, e totalmente inútil para questionar o sistema, pois o vencedor necessita de mais de cinquenta por cento DOS VOTOS ÚTEIS. Assim sendo, embora algumas fake news digam o contrário, votos em branco e nulos são INÚTEIS em qualquer sentido...

No campo específico do jornalismo político, o que temos é uma imprensa adaptada à apatia do público. Os jornais assumem a incapacidade de despertar interesse nos leitores sobre o assunto. Em vez de criar matérias que contribuam para um maior discernimento, por exemplo, distinguir o que é de responsabilidade do município, do estado ou da união; opta-se pelo espetáculo, a indústria de escândalos de corrupção (alguns até fabricados  - como o caso Ibsen Pinheiro, que afastou-se da política depois de ser alvo de fake news publicada pela Veja). 

À despeito de tudo isso, a esquerda chega à Presidência, com a força e o carisma de Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Principal líder dos trabalhadores, fundador do PT, ele decide ser candidato a Presidente e, como verdadeira pedra no sapato da direita, persiste até conseguir. Perde três eleições, a primeira em 89 para Collor – que teve apoio total da Globo, com manipulação escancarada e já confessa do debate entre candidatos – e outras duas, em 1994 e 1998, para FHC,  que não teve escrúpulos em comprar escancaradamente os votos dos parlamentares para conseguir ao direito a reeleição - e, é preciso destacar, isso nunca mereceu qualquer arremedo de CPI. Em 2002, finalmente, Lula consegue ser eleito Presidente do Brasil com o maior número de votos obtido por um político (mais de 52,4 milhões de votos). Relege-se em 2006 e, ao deixar a presidência, em 2010, com 87% de aprovação, elege sua sucessora, Dilma Roussef. Nenhum político no Brasil, quiçá no mundo, teve tanta aprovação no final do mandato. Ao que podemos concluir, Lula foi quem mais uniu o povo brasileiro. Se estamos “divididos”, é pelo ódio semeado, sem medir consequências, contra o PT.

Com a eleição de Dilma, consolida-se uma realidade difícil para os donos do poder: a grande imprensa já não decide eleições. Reitera-se o que foi descoberto na eleição de Lula,  que conquistou mentes e corações dos brasileiros apesar do bombardeio midiático, cruel e difamatório, que depois se acirra com o show do julgamento do “mensalão”. Muito mais um fenômeno criado pela mídia (e pelo judiciário pouco comprometido com a verdade) do que um verdadeiro escândalo, visto sequer tratar de desvio de dinheiro público.

Neste meio tempo, em 2006, o facebook, um experimento entre universidades, é aberto ao público e torna-se um  completo sucesso. Para ter uma ideia de seu crescimento exponencial, em dezembro de 2005 contava com 5,5 milhões de membros e, em 2010, com 500 milhões de pessoas conectadas. Em 2012, alcança um bilhão de usuários! Em 2014, Mark Zuckerberg compra o aplicativo whatsapp por 19 bilhões de dólares. Com todo este dinheiro envolvido, já dá para imaginar quais passam a ser as novas ferramentas de manipulação do público, não!?   

O jornalismo impresso afunda na crise, a grande mídia perde mais e mais público para as redes sociais.  Segundo estudo realizado pela agência Advice Comunicação Corporativa em novembro de 2016, por meio do aplicativo BonusQuest,  78% dos brasileiros se informam pelas redes sociais. Destes, 42% admitem já ter compartilhado notícias falsas e só 39% checam com frequência as notícias antes de difundi-las.

O caldo da desinformação está preparado. As fake news e os perfis falsos vão tomando conta.  Em reportagem da BBC de dezembro de 2017, um dos contratados para alimentar perfis falsos conta que estes foram largamente usados durante as eleições de 2014. Conforme a matéria, “ uma espécie de exército virtual de fakes foi usado por uma empresa com base no Rio de Janeiro para manipular a opinião pública, principalmente, no pleito de 2014”. O mesmo em que foi registrada a incredulidade de Aécio Neves, quando descobriu que não havia ganho as eleições. Coincidência!?

A reportagem da BBC compara a estratégia de manipulação da  opinião pública nas redes sociais no Brasil com a usada na eleição de Trump, sob a batuta de Steve Bannon. Segundo pesquisadores do programa Computational Propaganda Project, da Universidade de Oxford, o atual Presidente dos EUA utilizou um exército de robôs e contas administradas por humanos, com atividades automatizadas, para manipular os assuntos no debate público, colocando em pauta fake news contra Hillary Clinton, como o absurdo “pizza gate”.  Segue ainda o escândalo da Cambrydge Analítica, empresa que capturou dados de 50 milhões de usuários no facebook, com o intuito de criar modelos de análise que pudessem direcionar ações de cunho político. Este tipo de estratégia, conforme os entrevistados pela BBC, já existiria no Brasil ao menos desde 2012.Ou seja, dois anos antes do início da Lava-Jato...

Como funciona a estratégia? Baseados na coleta de dados, os perfis falsos alimentam determinados temas, atacam adversários políticos e criam boatos, no caso das eleições, geram um clima de “já ganhou” ou “já perdeu”. Exploram o “comportamento de manada”: Conquistam a opinião pública por ser maioria, ou pela sua capacidade de influenciar pessoas reais a comprar determinado ponto de vista.

O robô virtual, chamado de BOT, um software, é criado para realizar automaticamente diversas tarefas específicas que parecem ser feitas por pessoas. Seu nível de sofisticação já é avançado: alguns conseguem reproduzir o comportamento de usuários reais, incluindo a linguagem e os horários de atuação. Há, ainda, robôs políticos, que são “materializados” em perfis de usuários que parecem reais, mas na verdade são programados para atuar nesses ambientes para replicar notícias falsas ou tornar algum tema em específico relevante entre os “usuários reais”.  Segundo estudo da FGV/DAPP, cerca de 20% das discussões envolvendo política nas redes sociais são motivadas por robôs...

Houve diversas denúncias quanto ao uso pouco ético das redes sociais na eleição brasileira, como a reportagem publicada pela Folha de São Paulo em 18 de outubro, que  foram rapidamente esquecidas. A jornalista Patrícia Campos Mello denunciou o uso de disparos massivos via whatsapp contra o PT, patrocinados por grandes empresários afim de eleger o candidato do PSL. A justiça não tomou providência alguma, e os jornais em breve “esqueceram” o assunto.

Os algoritmos (critérios que o facebook utiliza para decidir quais mensagens compartilhar entre os usuários)  também são utilizados como parte da estratégia. A RFI (Rádio Francesa de Notícias), entrevistou o matemático belga Paul-Olivier Delaye, especialista na proteção de dados, consultado como expert na CPI aberta pelo Parlamento britânico em março de 2018, que  explica: na construção dos algoritmos, é possível caracterizar as pessoas usando dados. “Por exemplo, se percebemos que alguém está próximo de um perfil com necessidade de afeto, estamos diante de uma pessoa que pode facilmente ser influenciada pela emoção, sem nenhuma, ou pouca reflexão. Desta forma, se compartilharmos com esse indivíduo um conteúdo político emotivo, isso irá motivá-lo a  compartilhar sem pensar a respeito”.

Quanto às emoções ativadas na competição presidencial no Brasil, Maria José Braga,  presidente da FENAJ (Federação Nacional dos Jornalistas), declarou, em nota: “Existe um candidato que faz apologia da violência. Isso está fazendo com que parte da sociedade encare a violência como forma de ação política. […] O jornalismo tem como função social exatamente levar a informação de interesse público para a sociedade, mas quem se sente de alguma forma prejudicado acha que pode usar da violência para impedir que a sociedade tenha conhecimento dos fatos. Isso é muito grave e está exacerbado nessa eleição”.

Acontece que o clima de violência se impôs à medida em que a própria mídia o tratou com excessiva tolerância. As atitudes grosseiras ou agressivas por parte do tal candidato, ou de seus seguidores, sofreram pouca ou nenhuma crítica nos jornais. Até mesmo sua ausência nos debates foi considerada banal. Foram poucas as reclamações de que o direito dos eleitores de comparar propostas ficou prejudicado sem o embate direto, e apenas a PROPAGANDA política determinou o pleito (com a ajuda das fake news). A Rede Globo cancelou o debate do segundo turno, devido a supostos problemas de saúde do candidato e sequer ofereceu a Haddad um espaço para apresentar suas propostas (já que ele tinha plenas condições físicas e intelectuais para isso).

O outro candidato, por outro lado, foi vendido com uma eficiente máquina de marketing como um produto novo, educado, capaz de assumir o governo de uma nação, pessoalmente comprometido com o combate a corrupção, de comportamento ético exemplar. Só quem buscasse informação em sites e informativos considerados “de esquerda” é que receberia o registro claro de atitudes grosseiras, das falas preconceituosas, do acúmulo suspeito de capital na correspondente família e da total ausência de um programa de governo. Por onde andou a crítica da grande mídia enquanto tudo isso se passava? Não se sabe. É como se um grande buraco negro tivesse se instalado, com o único propósito de evitar a eleição do PT.

Com Lula retirado (de forma totalmente avessa aos direitos democráticos) da eleição, Haddad, pouco conhecido do público, foi alvo fácil das fake news. O TSE, por sua vez, agiu de forma retardada e ineficaz quanto à denúncia da disseminação massiva de notícias falsas. É bom que se ressalte que as fake news continuam agindo ainda agora, sempre de forma a exaltar o candidato eleito e não só desmoralizar a esquerda, em especial o PT e seus líderes, como para semear o ódio a estes e a qualquer um que os defenda. O que, sendo repetido por tempo suficiente, pode criar um clima parecido com o da Alemanha nazista, em que um grupo no poder passa a ser autorizado pela grande maioria silenciosa da população a usar de qualquer tipo de violência contra os alvos do ódio.

As redes sociais, aliás, são parte importante na construção deste ódio. Você talvez já tenha conhecido, como eu, alguma pessoa extremamente meiga e gentil e, ao adicioná-la no facebook, tenha descoberto que esta mesma pessoa compartilha posts completamente enquadrados no ódio ao PT e à esquerda. Esta experiência chocante me fez procurar informações sobre o quanto as redes sociais podem influenciar as emoções. Encontrei algo bem interessante em um artigo (no site Megajurídico): o Facebook teria conduzido um experimento psicológico massivo com mais de 689 mil usuários, manipulando os “feeds de notícias” a fim de gerar efeitos nas emoções dos mesmos.

O que foi observado é que a maior quantidade de postagens negativas ou positivas, vindas de outros usuários, determinaria a predominância das mesmas nas postagens compartilhadas pelo indivíduo.  Até as linhas do tempo de usuários que não foram submetidos ao experimento foram afetadas, conforme o número de amigos de cada usuário. O resultado sugeriu que nossas emoções são influenciadas pelas emoções expressadas por “amigos” na rede, e foi considerado uma evidência do contágio de emoções em escala massiva. Além do mais, segundo a OMS (Organização Mundial da Saúde), distúrbios psiquiátricos podem estar sendo causados em jovens que usam em excesso as mídias sociais. Ou seja: o aumento de atividades nas redes sociais pode ser associado a diminuição futura na saúde mental.

Hoje, a grande mídia é utilizada de forma paralela às redes sociais. Destaca-se ainda, em matérias jornalísticas, qualquer tipo de acusação contra políticos de esquerda, mesmo que frágeis e infundadas. A repetição da suposta relação dos mesmos com a corrupção é ressaltada em comentários que disseminam ódio nas redes sociais. Toda e qualquer pessoa que tenha algum pensamento de esquerda passa a ser alvo de acusações e agressões, e pode receber a etiqueta de “petralha”, “defensor de bandidos”, “corrupto” ou “ladrão”. Até mesmo a família de Chico Buarque!

Na Alemanha nazista, os judeus tiveram sua moral destruída pela máquina midiática nazista, sendo considerados “sujos”, o que favoreceu a gerar uma maioria silenciosa da população frente ao genocídio nas câmaras de gás. Atribui-se, ainda, a Joseph Goebbels, ministro da propaganda nazista, a afirmação: “basta repetir uma mentira  para que ela se torne verdade”. No Brasil, estamos sendo alvo de diversas mentiras, as “fake news”, que ainda alimentam o ódio, sem que a justiça ou a polícia tomem qualquer atitude. Até onde vai esta situação? Ou, ainda, a pergunta mais urgente: Até onde vamos deixar que o ódio nos leve!?

Valéria Dallegrave, Graduada em jornalismo pela UFRGS, Mestre em Letras pela UFC, escritora e dramaturga com curso de roteiro pela EICTV (Cuba)

          An expert says there's only one good time to give your employees feedback, and it's not during a performance review      Cache   Translate Page      

boss employee feedback

  • Feedback from a boss or a coworker isn't always effective, research suggests — especially if the feedback is negative.
  • Some experts recommend emphasizing an employee's value to the organization while delivering negative feedback.
  • The only truly effective time to give feedback, one expert says, is when a new employee starts, before they have a solid grasp of their job.

I recently read an article on the Cut about why everyone hates performance reviews, despite the fact that we haven't yet come up with a much better alternative.

One bit jumped out at me. "Almost everyone believes feedback is important and useful, but the research says, ehhh, that's not really quite true," Kevin Murphy, chair of work and employment studies at the University of Limerick and co-author of "Performance Appraisal and Management," told the Cut's Katie Heaney. "About a third of the time, feedback makes things better, about a third of the time feedback makes things worse, and about a third of the time it has no effect whatsoever."

Murphy is presumably referring to the results of a 1996 review, published in the journal Psychological Bulletin, that found eyebrow-raising levels of "variability" in the effects of feedback interventions.

As a reporter for Business Insider, I've heard more than a few executives and workplace experts talk about the importance of feedback — from manager to employee, employee to manager, and one employee to another. Apparently, it only rarely works.

Read more: A former Facebook HR exec says many bosses are too uncomfortable to ask people a hugely important question

Interestingly, a more recent working paper, from researchers at Harvard and the University of North Carolina, found that negative feedback is basically ineffective. As study coauthor Paul Green told the Harvard Business Review, "There's an assumption that what motivates people to improve is the realization that they're not as good as they think they are. But in fact, it just makes them go find people who will not shine that light on them."

That is to say, if your coworker says your work is too sloppy, you just might find another coworker to tell you it's impeccable.

And yet the recent trend in human-resources departments across industries appears to be increasing the amount of feedback employees receive. IBM, for example, ditched the annual performance review and replaced it with a real-time feedback app that supposedly encourages casual dialogue between coworkers.

Make sure an employee knows their value to the organization, even when they're being criticized

So does feedback ever work? Murphy told the Cut that feedback is constructive only right after an employee has been hired, before they really understand their job duties.

And in the 1996 review, the researchers propose "designing work or learning environments that encourage trial and error," so that employees can learn the hard way without their manager's interference. To be sure, these environments sound like they'd take time and effort to create — but the potential improvement in employee performance might be worth it.

As for Green, he told the Harvard Business Review that it can be helpful to affirm people's overall importance to the organization — i.e. letting them know their job isn't necessarily in jeopardy — while delivering negative feedback. "It's about accompanying negative feedback with validation of who people are and of their value to the organization," Green said. "And it's not even about providing it all the time. People just need to feel valued."

SEE ALSO: An HR exec who's worked at Starbucks and Coach shares the best way to impress your boss

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Mark Zuckerberg says Facebook is the first thing he checks when he wakes up. Here's how 9 billionaires start their mornings.


          Comment on Privacy is a commons by gerard mcloughlin      Cache   Translate Page      
I agree totally but FB etc will not stop even at buying the souls of others and is wrong totally, wrong, FB does it for gain, no morels or principle in sight.Just because it isn't illegal doesn't make it right. Here you refer(below the last paragraph ) to persecution, however, these companies FB Apple Google Amazon Microsoft are our modern day Holocaust. All of the above are run, founded and owned (as in shareholders or otherwise )by Jews. You would think they would have learned from history, but they haven't, and thats in many ways, Palestine included. This shows you that when the BOOT is on the other foot they are, not just as bad, even much worse than the Nazis. Hitler said out loud "I hate Jews" so did Gobbles, Himmler, Göring etc, Zuckerberg and co are not Jews, they proclaim, so where do he and others like him belong? They are people without a home or heritage so who and what are they Jews have weaponized their religion and today nobody dares say the word Jew for fear of condemnation because of their holocaust in the 30,s 40,s and by the way, 65 million allies also died (doesn't matter how )fighting for these peoples freedom. This is how they can now justify the terror, death they spawn because of there Holocaust. , they are also not antisemites either they say ??? however they do not practice what they preach. Antisemitism is a word they stole, as late as 1900,s it applied to all religions who opposed the Roman Gods and who defied them and then were slaughtered in there 100,s of 1000, s, again, Jews have not learnt from history. FB, SM in general actually support antisemitism for gain, as in pages and pages of antisemitic posts, which creates friction, hate, death and then more sales There was relative few who were real Nazis but even so this was 100,Ks .even million? How many Jews are there now who practise this kind of persecution of the minority., thats us, the poor with no assets .Z and co are the equivalent of this breed of people, thats the Nazis IE We once did have common ground to graze on as in free speech but now even that is gone, the aforementioned own it and have destroyed it, once again for gain, but they do it silently, slowly excruciatingly slowly, which is perverse and another evil but on a grand scale. These companies and people who own the peoples every move and lifes history bought for 20 pieces of silver and are now stripped of there identity and are no longer anonymous. the liberty once had is no more Remember war and greed has started every war in history what's happing now is no different ;privacy becomes a commodity, one that only the rich afford, then the rich can and will use this information asymmetry threaten and persecute people who challenge the status quo, thereby perpetuating it.
          Facebook: sweet or bitter 15? - Fr Joe Borg      Cache   Translate Page      

Last Monday Facebook turned 15 years of age. What was an innovation by Mark Zuckerberg aimed at a few hundred college students is now a mega-communication tool used by around 2.32 billion people around the world. These numbers have been monetised effectively, so much so that  Facebook is considered to be the 76th wealthiest ‘country’ in the world with a revenue of around $55 billion in 2018. Facebook has also taken Malta by storm. Statistics for December 2017 indicate a Facebook penetration of 74 per cent with local audiences. Today Facebook’s uptake is undoubtedly higher. Every communications innovation since the invention of the phonetic alphabet has always been met with two diametrically opposed reactions. Technophobes would describe it as if it was the worst thing that happened since original sin. Others, on the other hand, would hail it as the great saviour of humanity. Socrates, for example, lambasted the invention of writing as the destroyer of memory and the world as he knew it to be. Rudolf Arnheim, the guru of film theory, wrote in the mid-1930s that TV would turn people into pathetic hermits squatting in their rooms. The US based Waldorfian educational philosophy...
          Facebook integrazione Instagram, Messenger e Whatsapp      Cache   Translate Page      
facebook-integrazione-instagram-messenger-whatsapp
Sembra che Mark Zuckerberg voglia tutto in un'unica piattaforma: Facebook con integrazione di Instagram, Messenger e Whatsapp. Scopri con noi cosa succederà

L'articolo Facebook integrazione Instagram, Messenger e Whatsapp è un contenuto originale di Digitalic.


          Zuckerberg: Facebook's reluctant editor in chief      Cache   Translate Page      
Laurie Segall, who sat in on meetings at Facebook, says Mark Zuckerberg is "uncomfortable" making editor-like decisions for the social network. She discusses Facebook's plans for outside review processes and talks about what the future of the company looks like.

          Confirmation HMVM      Cache   Translate Page      
FROM THE BLACK WE HEAR-- MARK (V.O.) Did you know there are more people with genius IQ's living in China than there are people of any kind living in the United States? ERICA (V.O.) That can't possibly be true. MARK (V.O.) It is. ERICA (V.O.) What would account for that? MARK (V.O.) Well, first, an awful lot of people live in China. But here's my question: FADE IN: INT. CAMPUS BAR - NIGHT MARK ZUCKERBERG is a sweet looking 19 year old whose lack of any physically intimidating attributes masks a very complicated and dangerous anger. He has trouble making eye contact and sometimes it's hard to tell if he's talking to you or to himself. ERICA, also 19, is Mark's date. She has a girl-next-door face that makes her easy to fall for. At this point in the conversation she already knows that she'd rather not be there and her politeness is about to be tested. The scene is stark and simple. MARK How do you distinguish yourself in a population of people who all got 1600 on their SAT's? ERICA I didn't know they take SAT's in China. MARK They don't. I wasn't talking about China anymore, I was talking about me. ERICA You got 1600? MARK Yes. I could sing in an a Capella group, but I can't sing. ERICA Does that mean you actually got nothing wrong? MARK I can row crew or invent a 25 dollar PC. ERICA Or you can get into a final club. MARK Or I can get into a final club. ERICA You know, from a woman's perspective, sometimes not singing in an a Capella group is a good thing? MARK This is serious. ERICA On the other hand I do like guys who row crew. MARK (beat) Well I can't do that. ERICA I was kid-- MARK Yes, it means I got nothing wrong on the test. ERICA Have you ever tried? MARK I'm trying right now. ERICA To row crew? MARK To get into a final club. To row crew? No. Are you, like--whatever--delusional? ERICA Maybe, but sometimes you say two things at once and I'm not sure which one I'm supposed to be aiming at. MARK But you've seen guys who row crew, right? 2. ERICA No. MARK Okay, well they're bigger than me. They're world class athletes. And a second ago you said you like guys who row crew so I assumed you had met one. ERICA I guess I just meant I liked the idea of it. The way a girl likes cowboys. MARK (beat) Okay. ERICA Should we get something to eat? MARK Would you like to talk about something else? ERICA No, it's just since the beginning of the conversation about finals club I think I may have missed a birthday. (can't get over it) There are really more people in China with genius IQ's than the entire population of-- MARK The Phoenix is the most diverse. The Fly Club, Roosevelt punched the Porc. ERICA Which one? MARK The Porcellian, the Porc, it's the best of the best. ERICA Which Roosevelt? MARK Theodore. ERICA Is it true that they send a bus around to pick up girls who want to party with the next Fed Chairman? MARK You can see why it's so important to get in. 3. ERICA Okay, well, which is the easiest to get into? MARK is visibly hit by that... MARK Why would you ask me that? ERICA I'm just asking. MARK None of them, that's the point. My friend Eduardo made $300,000 betting oil futures one summer and Eduardo won't come close to getting in. The ability to make money doesn't impress anybody around here. ERICA Must be nice. He made $300,000 in a summer? MARK He likes meteorology. ERICA You said it was oil futures. MARK You can read the weather you can predict the price of heating oil. I think you asked me that because you think the final club that's easiest to get into is the one where I'll have the best chance. ERICA I asked--what? MARK You asked me which one was the easiest to get into because you think that that's the one where I'll have the best chance. ERICA The one that's the easiest to get into would be the one where anybody has the best chance. MARK You didn't ask me which one was the best one, you asked me which one was the easiest one. ERICA I was honestly just asking. Okay? I was just asking to ask. Mark, I'm not speaking in code. 4. MARK Erica-- ERICA You're obsessed with finals clubs. You have finals clubs OCD and you need to see someone about it who'll prescribe you some sort of medication. You don't care if the side effects may include blindness. MARK Final clubs. Not finals clubs and there's a difference between being obsessed and being motivated. ERICA Yes there is. MARK Well you do--that was cryptic--so you do speak in code. ERICA I didn't mean to be cryptic. MARK I'm saying I need to do something substantial in order to get the attention of the clubs. ERICA Why? MARK Because they're exclusive. And fun and they lead to a better life. ERICA Teddy Roosevelt didn't get elected president because he was a member of the Phoenix Club. MARK He was a member of the Porcellian and yes he did. ERICA Well why don't you just concentrate on being the best you you can be? MARK Did you really just say that? ERICA (beat) I was kidding. 5. (MORE) Although just because something's trite it doesn't make it any less-- MARK I want to try to be straight forward with you and tell you that I think you might want to be a little more supportive. If I get in I'll be taking you...to the events, and the gatherings...and you'll be meeting a lot of people you wouldn't normally get to meet. ERICA (smiles) You would do that for me? MARK We're dating. ERICA Okay, well I want to try and be straight forward with you and let you know that we're not anymore. MARK What do you mean? ERICA We're not dating anymore, I'm sorry. MARK Is this a joke? ERICA No, it's not. MARK You're breaking up with me? ERICA You're going to introduce me to people I wouldn't normally have the chance to meet? What the fff--What is that supposed to mean? MARK Wait, settle down. ERICA What is it supposed to mean? MARK Erica, the reason we're able to sit here and drink right now is cause you used to sleep with the door guy. 6. ERICA (CONT'D) ERICA The door guy, his name is Bobby. I did not slept with the door guy, the door guy is a friend of mine. He's a perfectly good class of people and what part of Long Island are you from--Wimbledon? MARK Wait-- ERICA I'm going back to my dorm. MARK Wait, wait, is this real? ERICA Yes. MARK Okay, then wait. I apologize, okay? ERICA I have to go study. MARK Erica-- ERICA Yeah. MARK I'm sorry, I mean it. ERICA I appreciate that but-- MARK Come on. ERICA --I have to study. MARK You don't have to study. You don't have to study. Let's just talk. ERICA I can't. MARK Why? ERICA Because it's exhausting. Dating you is like dating a stairmaster. 7. MARK All I meant is that you're not likely to-- currently--I wasn't making a comment on your parents--I was just saying you go to B.U., I was stating a fact, that's all, and if it seemed rude then of course I apologize. ERICA I have to go study. MARK You don't have to study. ERICA Why do you keep saying I don't have to study?! MARK Because you go to B.U.! ERICA stares at him... MARK (CONT'D) (pause) Do you want to get some food? ERICA I'm sorry you're not sufficiently impressed with my education. MARK And I'm sorry I don't have a rowboat so we're even. ERICA I think we should just be friends. MARK I don't want friends. ERICA I was being polite, I have no intention of being friends with you. MARK I'm under some pressure right now with my OS class and if we could just order food I think we should-- ERICA takes MARK's hand and looks at him tenderly... ERICA (close) You are probably going to be a very successful computer person. 8. (MORE) But you're going to go through life thinking that girls don't like you because you're a nerd. And I want you to know, from the bottom of my heart, that that won't be true. It'll be because you're an asshole. And with that stinger, ERICA walks off we slowly push in on MARK. A fuse has just been lit. CUT TO: EXT. BAR - NIGHT As MARK busts out of the bar and into the population of Harvard Square. CUT TO: EXT. HARVARD SQUARE - NIGHT As MARK continues on, he passes a group of people heading in the opposite direction for a party. As MARK's steady and determined stride continues, he'll pass by all kinds of (seemingly) happy, well-adjusted, socially adept people. The pulsing intro of a song crashes in that will take us through the following sequence CUT TO: TITLE: Harvard University Fall 2003 INT. KIRKLAND HOUSE/LOBBY - NIGHT As the MUSIC CONTINUES and MARK busts into the lobby of his dorm. He doesn't look at anyone as he heads up the stairs and we CUT TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT A bedroom that's part of a three-bedroom suite. The MUSIC CONTINUES as MARK walks in, flicks his lap-top on without looking at it and walks out of frame as we follow MARK to his mini-frigde where he pulls out a Beck's beer. MARK's fingers dance easily on the keyboard--like a Juilliard pianist warming up. The website he's just called up gets loaded onto the screen. Zuckonit.com 9. ERICA (CONT'D) This is the only place he's comfortable. TITLE: 8:13 PM He begins blogging. MARK (V.O.) Erica Albright's a bitch. Do you think that's because her family changed their name from Albrecht or do you think it's because all B.U. girls are bitches? He takes a good gulp of his drink. We see the words we're hearing filling up his computer screen-- MARK (V.O.) (CONT'D) For the record, she may look like a 34C but she's getting all kinds of help from our friends at Victoria's Secret. She's a 34B, as in barely anything there. False advertising. CUT TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT TITLE: 9:48 PM MARK (V.O.) The truth is she has a nice face. I need to do something to help me take my mind off her. Easy enough, except I need an idea. MARK takes out a keyboard for his desktop computer takes a drink from his beer. BILLY OLSON walks into the room carrying a six pack. He sits on the bed behind MARK and opens one for himself. MARK has moved his mouse to an icon on his desktop labeled "Kirkland Facebook". He clicks and opens it. A menu of photos appear. He blogs again. MARK (V.O.) (CONT'D) I'm a little intoxicated, I'm not gonna lie. So what if it's not even 10PM and it's a Tuesday night? The Kirkland facebook is open on my desktop and some of these people have pretty horrendous facebook pics. 10. (MORE) Billy Olson's sitting here and had the idea of putting some of these next to pictures of farm animals and have people vote on who's hotter. CUT TO: INT. A BUS - NIGHT It resembles the kind of bus that would take you to the rental car place but on board are two-dozen COLLEGE GIRLS who are dressed for a party. Last minute make-up touch-ups are being done and a joint is being passed. MARK (V.O.) I think he's on to something. CUT BACK TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT TITLE: 10:17 PM MARK Yea, it's on. I'm not gonna do the farm animals but I like the idea of comparing two people together. It gives the whole thing a very "Turing" feel since people's ratings of the pictures-- CUT TO: EXT. FINAL CLUB - NIGHT A bouncer--a townie in a tuxedo and a headset--is manning the velvet rope that guards the thick, wooden, red double-doors that lead to, believe it or not, one of the most exclusive clubs in the world. Four college girls are already waiting in line but that number's about to grow as the bus pulls up and opens its doors. MARK (VO) --will be more implicit than, say, choosing a number to represent each person's hotness like they do on hotornot.com. The first thing we're going to need is a lot of pictures. 11. MARK (V.O.) (CONT'D) (MORE) Unfortunately, Harvard doesn't keep a public centralized facebook so I'm going to have to get all the images from the individual houses that people are in. Let the hacking begin. CUT BACK TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT There are two more kids in the room with MARK--DUSTIN MOSKOVITZ and CHRIS HUGHES. MARK (V.O.) First up is Kirkland. They keep everything open and allow indexes in their Apache configuration, so a little WGET magic is all that's necessary to download the entire Kirkland facebook. Kids' stuff. On the computer screen, we've been seeing him download picture after picture of Harvard girls. CUT TO: EXT. FINAL CLUB - NIGHT THREE COEDS are talking to the BOUNCER. The BOUNCER looks up at TWO HANDSOME CLUB MEMBERS. The MEMBERS give him the nod and the FIVE COEDS are let past the velvet rope. They're led up a half flight of red-carpeted stairs to a party that's about a half-hour away from being in full swing. The CLUB PRESIDENT is addressing the GUESTS from the top of the stairs-- CLUB PRESIDENT Excuse me everybody, you are at one of the oldest, one of the most exclusive clubs--not just at Harvard but in the world--and I want to welcome you all to Phoenix Club's first party of the fall semester. CUT BACK TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT MARK finishes another drink and gets back to his work. TITLE: 1:03 AM 12. MARK (VO) (CONT'D) MARK (V.O.) Next is Elliot. They're also open but with no indexes on Apache. I can run an empty search and it returns all of the images in the database in a single page. Then I can save the page and Mozilla will save all the images for me. Excellent. Moving right along. Flying by at super-speed on MARK's computer screen have been commands and images that the rest of us can't possibly understand. CUT TO: INT. FINAL CLUB - NIGHT The best and the brightest are checking out the hottest and the easiest. We see a shot of uniformed FEMALE BARTENDERS making a couple of drinks with top-shelf bottles, a DJ working the highest end equipment and 20 year old guys, some of whom look 15, in blazers, khakis and club ties. CUT BACK TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT MARK (V.O) Lowell has some security. They require a username/password combo and I'm going to go ahead and say they don't have access to main FAS user database, so they have no way of detecting an intrusion. 11B INT. FINAL CLUB - NIGHT 11B It's on. Body shots. A couple making out in the corner. A matchbox gets slid open by perfectly manicured fingers that take out a few white pills. Two girls are dancing with each other and move into a kiss. MARK's voiceovers are starting to overlap and cascade into each other-- MARK (V.O.) (CONT'D) Adams has no security but limits the number of results to twenty a page. All I need to do is break out the same script I used on Lowell and we're set. MARK (V.O.) (CONT'D) Quincy has no online facebook, what a sham. Nothing I can do about that. CUT TO: 13. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT Instructions and images fly across MARK's screen-- MARK (V.O.) Dunster is intense. Not only is there no public directory but there's no-- MARK (V.O.) (CONT'D) Leverett is a little better. It's slightly obnoxious that they only let you view one picture at a time and I'm not about to-- MARK (V.O.) (CONT'D) --definitely necessary to break out the emacs and modify that perl script with-- INT. KIRKLAND HOUSE/STAIRWAY - NIGHT EDUARDO SAVERIN, a sweet-looking Brazilian sophomore wearing a three-piece suit is rushing up the stairs two at a time. TITLE: 2:08 AM MARK (V.O.) Done. EDUARDO gets to the top of the stairs and hurries into-- INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - CONTINUOUS EDUARDO What's going on? MARK (V.O.) Perfect timing. Eduardo's here and he's going to have the key ingredient. EDUARDO Mark. MARK Wardo. EDUARDO You and Erica split up? MARK How did you know that? EDUARDO It's on your blog. 14. MARK Yeah. EDUARDO Are you alright? MARK I need you. EDUARDO I'm here for you. MARK No, I need the algorithm you use to rank chess players. EDUARDO Are you okay? MARK We're ranking girls. EDUARDO You mean other students? MARK Yeah. EDUARDO You think this is such a good idea? MARK I need the algorithm. EDUARDO Mark-- MARK I need the algorithm. CUT TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT EDUARDO is writing an equation with a grease marker on the window. When the equation's done it looks like this: Girl A: Ea = 1 1 + 10(Rb - Ra) / 400 15. Girl B: Eb = 1 1 + 10(Ra - Rb) / 400 EDUARDO Give each girl a base rating of 1400. At any given time "Girl A" has a rating R-a and "Girl B" has a rating R-b. MARK When any two girls are matched up there's an expectation of which will win based on their current rating, right? EDUARDO (tapping the window) Yes. And those expectations are expressed this way. MARK Let's write it. CUT TO: INT. FINAL CLUB - NIGHT The two girls who we just saw get let in are now dancing on a table in their underwear. CUT BACK TO: INT. MARK'S ROOM - NIGHT MARK makes a few last key strokes and a new website comes up on the screen. FACEMASH MARK makes a few more keystrokes and two pictures of two Harvard girls come up on the screen. After a moment... ALL The one on the left. MARK clicks the girl on the left and another picture takes the place of the girl on the right. ALL (CONT'D) On the right. 16. MARK clicks the girl on the right while another picture takes the place of the girl on the left. ALL (CONT'D) Still the right. EDUARDO It works. DUSTIN Who should we send it to first? EDUARDO Dwyer. CHRIS Neal. EDUARDO Who are you gonna send it to? MARK's made the link to e-mail and hits send. MARK Just a couple of people. The question is, who are they gonna send it to? CUT TO: INT. FINAL CLUB - NIGHT We move to a room where there's a co-ed poker game underway with the girls smoking cigars. A bra and a couple of pairs of stockings are out on the table. As we move through the poker room, we see a computer behind one of the players. The computer is indicating that there's e-mail. A PLAYER turns around and opens the e-mail as the poker game and the party go on behind him. He hits a link and FACEMASH opens. He looks at it, then-- PLAYER (to another player) Check this out. CUT TO: INT. ANOTHER DORM ROOM - NIGHT TWO MALE STUDENTS at a laptop. STUDENT The one on the left. CUT TO: 17. INT. ANOTHER DORM ROOM - NIGHT THREE MALE STUDENTS AT A COMPUTER ALL On the right. CUT TO: INT. ALL NIGHT DINER - NIGHT A bunch of STUDENTS around a computer. ALL The right. CUT TO: INT. FINAL CLUB - NIGHT Dozens of partiers are around the computer. FEMALE STUDENT That's my roommate. CUT TO: INT. CYBER CAFE - NIGHT A bunch of students around the computer-- FEMALE STUDENT This is pathetic. CUT TO: INT. ANOTHER DORM ROOM - NIGHT A FEW STUDENTS gathered at a computer-- ALL On the left. CUT TO: INT. ANOTHER DORM ROOM - NIGHT Another computer-- ALL On the right. CUT TO: 18. INT. ANOTHER DORM ROOM - NIGHT This time just a single student in his pajamas as he looks at two pictures of girls side by side. CUT TO: INT. ANOTHER DORM ROOM - NIGHT And another single student voting and CUT TO: INT. DORM ROOM - NIGHT We should instantly know that this dorm room is different. It's more modern and with less character and history than the others. In the background a GIRL is at her computer and in the foreground ERICA is sitting in bed taking notes from a textbook. GIRL (ERICA'S ROOMMATE) Oh shit. (to the other GIRL) Albright? ERICA'S ROOMMATE He blogged about you. ERICA looks at her for a moment, then gets up to look at her roommates computer-- ERICA'S ROOMMATE (CONT'D) You don't want to read it. ERICA ignores her roommate. We see her mortification as she reads, and at that moment THREE GUYS appear in her open doorway. They're baked and smiling and one of them is holding a bra. COLLEGE GUY Erica. ERICA looks over at the guys-- COLLEGE GUY (CONT'D) Is this yours? I stole it from a tranny. ERICA'S ROOMMATE Get the hell out of here! The three guys go on their drunken way as we SLOWLY PUSH IN on ERICA who's frozen in her humiliation and then CUT TO: 19. INT. HARVARD DORM ROOM - NIGHT STUDENTS The left! INT. COFFEE HOUSE - NIGHT STUDENTS The right! INT. DINING HALL - NIGHT STUDENTS The left! INT. GIRLS' DORM ROOM - NIGHT STUDENTS The right! INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT As sets of photos go flying by on his computer screen. MARK is staring at the chaos of activity he's created in the middle of the night. EDUARDO This is an awful lot of traffic. (beat) Think maybe we should shut it down before we get into trouble. MARK ignores him as we pre-lap a PHONE RINGING and CUT TO: INT. BEDROOM - NIGHT A man named COX is asleep next to his wife. It's his phone that's RINGING. COX wakes up and answers it-- COX (into phone) Hello? (listens) Wait, what? (listens) At 4 in the morning? INTERCUT WITH: INT. HARVARD COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE - SAME TIME A tired GRAD STUDENT who spends the night monitoring the campus computer system is looking at his computer. 20. GRAD STUDENT (into phone) Well there's a very unusual amount of traffic to the switch at Kirkland. COX You're saying it's unusual for 4 in the morning? GRAD STUDENT No, this'd be unusual for halftime at the Super Bowl. COX Alright. COX hangs up the phone. COX (CONT'D) I have to go in. COX'S WIFE What's going on? COX Harvard's network's about to crash. CUT TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT Pictures are flying by on Mark's computer when suddenly they freeze. Then an icon comes up telling him he's no longer connected to the internet. Everyone is frozen silent for a moment... EDUARDO You don't think-- MARK I do. EDUARDO Go see if it's everybody. DUSTIN, CHRIS and EDUARDO head out of the room. MARK waits as the guys start coming back in the room. CHRIS Can't connect. DUSTIN The network's down. 21. EDUARDO Unless it's a coincidence I think this is us. MARK It's not a coincidence. EDUARDO (bad) Holy shit. And we stay on MARK a moment before we CUT TO: INT. DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY It's three years later and MARK is sitting with his LAWYERS at a large conference table. MARK is wearing a hoodie, sweatpants and Adidas flip-flops--a personal uniform that we'll come to understand. And while it may take us a while to notice it, MARK's a different person in these flash-forward scenes. Still tortured and complicated, but comfortable now with his own power. His lawyer is SY, who's accompanied by some junior associates, one of whom--a pleasant, pretty and professional young contemporary of Mark's named MARYLIN, we'll get to know. On the other side are EDUARDO and his lawyer, GRETCHEN, also accompanied by some associates. A STENOGRAPHER is typing the record. The room is glass on two sides and through the windows we can see the behemoths of Silicon Valley--Oracle, SunMicrosystems, Google, etc. GRETCHEN is taking MARK's deposition. GRETCHEN So you were called in front of the Ad Board. MARK That's not what happened. GRETCHEN You weren't called in front of the Administrative Board? MARK No, back, I mean--That's--back at the bar with Erica Albright. She said all that? SY Mark, I wouldn't-- 22. MARK That I said that stuff to her? GRETCHEN I was reading from the transcript of her deposition so-- MARK Why would you even need to depose her? GRETCHEN That's really for us to-- MARK You think if I know she can make me look like a jerk I'll be more likely-- SY Mark-- MARK --to settle? SY Why don't we stretch our legs for a minute, can we do that? It's been almost three hours and frankly you did spend an awful lot of time embarrassing Mr. Zuckerberg with the girl's testimony from the bar. MARK I'm not embarrassed, she just made a lot of that up. GRETCHEN She was under oath. MARK Then I guess that would be the first time somebody's lied under oath. People are stretching and getting coffee and talking quietly. MARK stays in his seat. MARYLIN, the attractive second year associate who's on Mark's legal team is still sitting too...about four seats down from Mark. MARYLIN The site got twenty-two hundred hits within two hours? MARK (beat) Thousand. 23. MARYLIN What? MARK Twenty-two thousand. MARYLIN (pause--even) Wow. CUT TO: EXT. CHARLES RIVER - DAWN The Harvard Crew is practicing on two-man sculls. There are three boats that are running roughly even with each other and the two-man crews are rowing with all they've got. We're gliding along with them in the water-- A CREW MEMBER Those guys are just freakin' fast. And we PULL BACK TO REVEAL that there's a fourth boat which is already five boat lengths ahead of the other three. The fourth boat is being crewed by CAMERON and TYLER WINKLEVOSS--identical twins who stepped out of an ad for Abercrombie & Fitch. They know that the others aren't in their class and even though they're highly competitive athletes, they don't like showing anyone up, least of all their teammates. CAMERON Is there anyway to make this a fair fight? TYLER We could jump out and swim. CAMERON I think we'd have to jump out and drown. TYLER Or you could row forward and I could row backward. CAMERON We're genetically identical, science says we'd stay in one place. TYLER Row the damn boat. 24. And the WINKLEVOSS twins kick into full gear and open up an even wider lead as we CUT TO: INT. PFORZHEIMER DINING HALL - MORNING The room's a couple of hundred years old and magnificent. Long, heavy mahogany tables are dotted with club members having breakfast. A PORTER in a white jacket is setting copies of The Crimson, Harvard's student newspaper, at the table occupied by CAMERON and TYLER whose trays are loaded with mountains of eggs and pancakes and carbs. DIVYA NARENDRA, a nice looking Indian student, sits down next to them holding a copy of the Crimson. CAMERON What's up? DIVYA You guys hear about this? CAMERON What? DIVYA Two nights ago a sophomore choked the network from a laptop at Kirkland. CAMERON Really? DIVYA At 4AM. TYLER picks up a copy of the Crimson and begins reading while his brother and DIVYA keep talking. CAMERON How? DIVYA He set up a website where you vote on the hotness of female undergrads. What were we doing that none of us heard about this? CAMERON I don't know, a three hour low-rate technical row before breakfast, a full course load, studying, another three hours in the tank and then studying. I don't know how we missed it. How much activity was there on this thing that he-- 25. TYLER (reading) 22,000 page requests. CAMERON 22,000?! TYLER Cam, this guy hacked the into facebooks of seven houses. He set up the whole website in one night and he did it while he was drunk. CAMERON 22,000. TYLER Yeah. CAMERON How do you know he was drunk? DIVYA He was blogging simultaneously. You know what I think? TYLER I'm way ahead of you. DIVYA This is our guy. CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY It's MARK and his LAWYERS again but this time on the other side of the table are TYLER and CAMERON, DIVYA and their lawyer, GAGE, whose family had first-class seats on the Mayflower. We'll be back and forth between the two deposition rooms a lot. CAMERON (for the record) Cameron Winklevoss. W-I-N-K-L-E-V-O-S-S. Cameron's spelled the usual way. TYLER (for the record) Tyler Winklevoss. Tyler's spelled the usual way and my last name is the same as my brother's. CUT TO: 26. INT. ADMINISTRATIVE HEARING ROOM - DAY MARK stands before a panel of ADMINISTRATORS as well as COX, the systems manager who was woken up in the opening sequence. ADMINISTRATOR Mr. Zuckerberg, this is an Administrative Board hearing. You're being accused of intentionally breaching security, violating copyrights, violating individual privacy by creating the website, WWW.FACEMASH.COM. You're also charged with being in violation of university policy on distribution of digitized images. Before we begin with our questioning you're allowed to make a statement. Would you like to do so? MARK (beat) Uh...I've, you know-- MARK stands to address the Board. MARK (CONT'D) I've already apologized in the Crimson to the ABHW, to Fuerza Latina and to any women at Harvard who might have been insulted as I take it that they were. As for any charges stemming from the breach of security, I believe I deserve some recognition from this Board. MARK takes his seat. ADMINISTRATOR (pause) I'm sorry? MARK Yes. ADMINISTRATOR I don't understand. MARK Which part? ADMINISTRATOR You deserve recognition? MARK I believe I pointed out some pretty gaping holes in your system. COX Excuse me, may I? 27. ADMINISTRATOR Yes. COX Mr. Zuckerberg, I'm in charge of security for all computers on the Harvard network and I can assure you of its sophistication. In fact it was that level of sophistication that led us to you in less than four hours. MARK Four hours? COX Yes sir. MARK That would be impressive except if you'd known what you were looking for you would have seen it written on my dorm room window. CUT TO: INT. CORRIDOR - DAY As the heavy wooden door from the hearing slams shut behind MARK. EDUARDO is waiting for him. EDUARDO So? MARK Six months academic probation. They walk out onto-- EXT. QUAD - CONTINUOUS EDUARDO Wow, they had to make an example out of you. MARK (pause) They had my blog. I shouldn't have written the thing about the farm animals. That was stupid. I was kidding for God's sake, doesn't anybody have a sense of-- EDUARDO I tried to stop you. MARK I know. 28. EDUARDO How do you do this thing where you manage to get all girls to hate us? Why did I let you-- MARK I know. EDUARDO You can't do that. MARK Wardo. I said I know. CUT TO: INT. LECTURE HALL - DAY MARK is in his Operating Systems class. This is considered the hardest class at Harvard and MARK is one of the 50 students with their laptops open as the professor takes them through an impossibly difficult lesson. PROFESSOR Okay, let's look at a sample problem: Suppose we're given a computer with a 16- bit virtual address and a page size of 256 bytes. A GIRL scribbles something on a piece of paper. Then hands it to the student next to her and nods that it should be passed over to MARK. While that's happening-- PROFESSOR (CONT'D) The system uses one-level page tables, that start at address 0x0400. Maybe you want to have DMA on your 16-bit system, who knows? The first few pages are reserved for hardware flags, etc. MARK opens the note. It reads "U dick". He looks over and sees a couple of GIRLS looking at him with contempt. PROFESSOR (CONT'D) Assume page table entries have eight status bits. MARK closes his laptop, gets up and starts to head out of the hall. PROFESSOR (CONT'D) The eight status bits would be-- (re: MARK) And I see we have our first surrender. 29. (MORE) Don't worry, Mr. Zuckerberg, brighter men than you have tried and failed at this class. MARK (calling back) 1 valid bit, 1 modify bit, 1 reference bit and 5 permission bits. PROFESSOR That is correct. Does everybody see how he got there? MARK walks out of the lecture hall and we CUT TO: EXT. ACADEMIC BUILDING - DAY As MARK comes out and heads onto the quad-- CAMERON (OS) (calling) Mark? CAMERON and TYLER have been waiting by the entrance. CAMERON (CONT'D) Are you Mark Zuckerberg? MARK Yeah. CAMERON Cameron Winklevoss. MARK Hi. TYLER Tyler Winklevoss. MARK (pause) You guys related? CAMERON That's good. TYLER That's funny. CAMERON We've never heard that before. 30. PROFESSOR (CONT'D) MARK What can I do for you? Did I insult your girlfriends? CAMERON No, you didn't insult our girl-- (to TYLER) Actually, I don't know. TYLER (to CAMERON) We never asked. CAMERON We should do that. No, we have an idea we want to talk to you about. Do you have a minute? MARK (pause) You guys look like you spend some time at the gym. CAMERON We have to. MARK Why? TYLER We row crew. MARK (pause--then smiles a little) Yeah, I've got a minute. CAMERON Great. CUT TO: EXT. PORCELLIAN CLUB - DAY As MARK is escorted by CAMERON and TYLER toward the club. TYLER You ever been inside the Porcellian? MARK No. TYLER You understand we can't take you past the bike room 'cause you're not a member. MARK I've heard. 31. INT. PORCELLIAN CLUB - DAY The most exclusive of all the final clubs. DIVYA is sitting in the main living room with a textbook open as the heavy wooden door opens and the three of them come into the bike room. CAMERON Would you like a sandwich or something? MARK Okay. CAMERON disappears for a moment. DIVYA Mark, right? MARK is stealing a glance around the room. MARK Yeah. TYLER This is Divya Narendra, our partner. MARK Hi. DIVYA We were really impressed with Facemash and then we checked you out and you also built CourseMatch. TYLER I don't know CourseMatch. DIVYA You go online and see what courses your friends are taking. (to MARK) Really smart, man. MARK is looking at the framed black and white group pictures on the wall of old Porcellian classes. He sees a bra hanging over a lamp. DIVYA (CONT'D) Mark? MARK Yeah. DIVYA We were talking about CourseMatch. MARK It was kind of a no-brainer. 32. CAMERON comes back in with a sandwich wrapped in cellophane. MARK opens it on his lap and eats it uncomfortably. DIVYA And you invented something in high school, right? MARK An app for an MP3 player that recognizes your taste in music. DIVYA Anybody try to buy it? MARK Microsoft. DIVYA How much? MARK I didn't sell it. I uploaded it for free. DIVYA For free? MARK Yeah. DIVYA Why? MARK gives a short shrug that says both "I don't know" and "Fuck you" at the same time. CAMERON Okay, well. We have something that we've been working on for a while, we think it's great. It's called the HarvardConnection. You create your own page. Interests, bio, friends, pics. TYLER And then people can go online, see your bio and request to be your-- MARK Yeah. How's it different from MySpace or Friendster? TYLER Harvard-dot-E-D-U. CAMERON Harvard.edu. The most prestigious e-mail address in the country. 33. TYLER And the whole site's kinda based on the idea that girls--well... CAMERON Not to put anything indelicately. DIVYA Girls wanna get with guys who go to Harvard. CAMERON Divya and my brother don't have trouble putting things indelicately. TYLER The difference between what we're talking about and MySpace or Friendster or any of those other social networking site-- MARK --is exclusivity. (beat) Right? DIVYA Right. TYLER (beat) Yes. CAMERON We'd love fort you to work with us, Mark. I mean, we need a gifted programmer who's creative. TYLER And we know you've taking it in the shins. DIVYA The women's groups are ready to declare a Fatwa and this could help rehabilitate your image. MARK (remembering what Erica said) Wow. You'd do that for me? DIVYA We'd like to work with you. CAMERON Our first programmer graduated and went to work at Google. Our second programmer just got overwhelmed with school work. 34. (MORE) We would need you to build the site and write the code and we'll provide-- MARK I'm in. CAMERON --the money. What? MARK I'm in. TYLER Awesome. CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY The WINKLEVOSSES and DIVYA with GAGE. GAGE That's what you said? MARK It was three or four years ago, I don't know what I said. CUT TO: INT. FIRST DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY EDUARDO with GRETCHEN. GRETCHEN When did you come to Eduardo? MARK I don't understand that question. CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE Do you remember answering in the affirmative? MARK The affirmative? CUT TO: 35. CAMERON (CONT'D) INT. FIRST DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GRETCHEN When did you come to Eduardo with the idea for Facebook. MARK It was called TheFacebook then. CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE This doesn't need to be that difficult. MARK I'm currently in the middle of two different lawsuits. GAGE Did you answer affirmatively? When Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss and Divya Narendra asked you to build HarvardConnection, did you say yes? MARK I said I'd help. CUT TO: INT. FIRST DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GRETCHEN When did you approach Mr. Saverin with the idea for TheFacebook? MARK I wouldn't say I approached him. GRETCHEN Sy? SY You can answer the question. MARK At a party at Alpha Epsilon Pi. GRETCHEN What's that? MARK The Jewish fraternity. It was Caribbean Night. CUT TO: 36. INT. LARGE MULTI-PURPOSE ROOM - NIGHT The hall has been converted into "Alpha Epsilon Pi Caribbean Night, 2003" and the party is about as lame as it sounds. What's important is that this couldn't be less like the final club party we saw at the beginning if they were playing Pin the Tail on the Donkey. Some potted palm trees have been brought in along with a steel drum set. The man playing the steel drum set has a yarmulke bobby pinned to his thinning hair. A table with a punch bowl and assorted cookies is nearby. EDUARDO, in baggy cargo shorts and a Hawaiian shirt buttoned up to the top, is standing with a few similarly dressed friends, including DUSTIN MOSKOVITZ and CHRIS HUGHES, in the sparsely populated room. On the other side of the room are a few girls--all Asian. One of the girls is wearing a bikini over her clothes. A television monitor has been set up with a DVD running of Niagara Falls. EDUARDO It's not that guys like me are generally attracted to Asian girls. It's that Asian girls are generally attracted to guys like me. DUSTIN I'm developing an algorithm to define the connection between Jewish guys and Asian girls. EDUARDO I don't think it's that complicated. They're hot, they're smart, they're not Jewish and they can't dance. CHRIS Mark's here. They see MARK come in and look around. EDUARDO waves him over... EDUARDO (calling) Mark. MARK sees EDUARDO and waves him over to where he is. He wants to talk privately. EDUARDO (CONT'D) I'll be right back. EDUARDO joins MARK in the back of the room and they take up a spot next to a bay window that's covered on the outside with ice. 37. MARK I think I've come up with something. EDUARDO Hang on, I've gotta tell you something you're not going to believe. MARK What? EDUARDO I got punched by the Phoenix. MARK (beat) Are you kidding? EDUARDO No. I mean it's just the first of the four step process but they slipped the invitation under my door tonight. I go to the first punch party tomorrow and if they like me-- MARK You got punched by the Phoenix. EDUARDO (pause) It was, you know...it was probably just a diversity thing. It was just a diversity thing. I'll just ride that horse until-- what did you want to talk to me about? (pause) Mark? MARK Yeah. EDUARDO You said you've come up with something. It seems like MARK's just made a small decision in his head. MARK (pause) Yeah. I think I've come up with something. Come outside. EDUARDO It's 20 degrees outside. 38. MARK I can't stare at that loop of Niagara Falls which has nothing to do with the Caribbean. CUT TO: EXT. QUAD - NIGHT MARK and EDUARDO come outside and are immediately met by the freezing cold air. MARK People came to Facemash in a stampede, right? EDUARDO Yeah. MARK It wasn't because they saw pictures of hot girls. You can go anywhere on the internet and see pictures of hot girls. EDUARDO Yeah. MARK It was because they saw pictures of girls that they knew. People want to go on the internet and check out their friends. Why not build a website that offers that? Friends, pictures, profiles, whatever you can...visit, browse around, maybe it's somebody you just met at a party. I'm not talking about a dating site. I'm talking about taking the entire social experience of college and putting it online. EDUARDO I can't feel my legs. MARK I know, I'm totally psyched about this, too. But Wardo-- CUT TO: INT. FIRST DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY EDUARDO "It would be exclusive". CUT BACK TO: 39. EXT. QUAD - NIGHT MARK You'd have to know the people on the site to get past your own page. Like getting punched. EDUARDO That's good, that's new. MARK Wardo, it's like a Final Club except we're the president. CUT TO: INT. FIRST DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY EDUARDO I told him I thought it sounded great. It was a great idea. There was nothing to hack, people were going to provide their own pictures, their own information. And people had the ability to invite--or not invite--their friends to join. See, in a world where social structure was everything, that was the thing. (beat) It was a big project and he was going to have to write tens of thousands of lines of code so I wondered why he was coming to me and not his roommates. Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes they were programmers. CUT TO: EXT. QUAD - NIGHT MARK We're gonna need a little start-up cash to rent the servers and get it online. CUT TO: INT. FIRST DEPOSITION ROOM - NIGHT EDUARDO That was why. GRETCHEN Did he offer terms? CUT TO: 40. EXT. QUAD - NIGHT MARK We'll split it 70-30. 70 for me 30 for you for putting up the thousand dollars and handling for everything on the business end. You're CFO. CUT TO: INT. FIRST DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GRETCHEN And you said? EDUARDO I said "Let's do it". GRETCHEN Okay. Did he add anything else? EDUARDO Yes. CUT TO: EXT. QUAD - NIGHT MARK It probably was a diversity thing but so what? CUT TO: INT. FIRST DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GRETCHEN Why do you think he said that? SY Gretchen, excuse me for interrupting but whose discovery is this? GRETCHEN Sy, if you'll let me continue with my line of questioning-- SY What are you suggesting? MARK They're suggesting I was jealous of Eduardo for getting punched by the Phoenix and began a plan to screw him out of a company I hadn't even invented yet. 41. GRETCHEN Were you? SY Gretchen-- MARK Jealous of Eduardo? SY Stop typing, we're off the record. MARK Ma'am, I know you've done your homework and so you know that money isn't a big part of my life, but at the moment I could buy Mount Auburn Street, take the Phoenix Club and turn it into my ping pong room. CUT TO: EXT. QUAD - NIGHT EDUARDO's walking away and calls back to MARK-- EDUARDO (calling) I'll let you know how the party is. We stay on MARK for a moment longer, his wheels turning, before we CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY EDUARDO's in different clothes and being questioned by GAGE. GAGE We recognize that you're a plaintiff in one suit involving Facebook and a witness in another. EDUARDO Yes sir. GAGE At any time in the weeks prior to Mark's telling you his idea, did he mention Tyler Winklevoss, Cameron Winklevoss, Divya Narendra or HarvardConnection? 42. EDUARDO Yes. He said they'd asked him to work on their site but that he'd looked at what they had and decided it wasn't worth his time. He said even his most pathetic friends knew more about getting people interested in a website than these guys. GAGE "These guys" meaning my clients. EDUARDO Yes. He resented--Mark resented that they-- your clients, thought he needed to rehabilitate his image after Facemash but Mark didn't want to rehabilitate anything. With Facemash he'd hacked into the Harvard computers, he'd thumbed his nose at the Ad Board, he'd gotten a lot of notoriety. Facemash did exactly what he wanted it to do. MARK kind of nods a little to himself. It should be noted that these depositions have an extra element of discomfort as everything is being said within a few feet of the people being talked about. GAGE Were you aware that while Mr. Zuckerberg was building TheFacebook he was also communicating with the plaintiffs? EDUARDO Not at the time I wasn't, but it really didn't have much to do with the Winklevoss's dating-- TYLER You weren't there! GAGE Ty. (to EDUARDO) Were you aware that while Mr. Zuckerberg was building TheFacebook, he was leading the plaintiffs to believe he was building Harvard Connection? SY You're offering a conclusion not found in evidence. GAGE We're about to find it in evidence. 43. MUSIC kicks in that will tie this next section together as we CUT TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT Two printouts of web pages are taped to a white board-- "Friendster" and "MySpace". Under the two pages, MARK draws a third page and titles it "NewCo". CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE (reading) From Mark Zuckerberg to Tyler Winklevoss. November 30, 2003. "I read over all the stuff you sent me re Harvard Connection and it seems like it shouldn't take too long to implement, so we can talk about it after I get all the basic functionality up tomorrow night." CUT TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT The whiteboard is filled with diagrams now--login page, profile page, create account...We move over to see MARK at his computer. He opens the Emacs program and then Firefox, hits a few keys and the diagram on the whiteboard comes to life on his computer as we CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE From Mark Zuckerberg to Cameron Winklevoss. December 1, 2003. "Sorry I was unreachable tonight. I just got about three of your missed calls. I was working on a problem set for my systems class." CAMERON and TYLER are looking blankly at MARK who's giving them a casual "I'm not scared of you" look and we CUT TO: INT. PHOENIX HOUSE - NIGHT The MUSIC CONTINUES as EDUARDO and other prospective new members, all wearing tuxedos, are lined up in four rows. 44. The boy at the front of each row has a bottle of Jack Daniels and drinks as long as they can before passing the bottle, relay style, to the boy in back of him as a few seniors look on. EDUARDO gets handed the bottle and starts in as we CUT TO: INT. CLASSROOM - DAY It's an Art History class and as we run past the rows of STUDENTS we see that they all have the same painting up on their laptops as the PROFESSOR gives his lecture. When we get to MARK's laptop we see that he's writing code and we CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE From Mark Zuckerberg to Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss. December 10, 2003. "This week has been pretty busy thus far with classes and work so I think it's probably best to postpone the meeting." CUT TO: INT. CAMERON AND TYLER'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT CAMERON, TYLER and DIVYA are reading the e-mail. DIVYA (reading) "I'm also really busy tomorrow." (beat) Anybody else feel like there's something up with this guy? CAMERON Tell him okay but we've gotta make sure that we meet up before we all go off for break. CUT TO: INT. EDUARDO'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT EDUARDO's at his desk on the phone when an envelope that says "Phoenix" is slipped under his door. He turns and looks to see it... CUT TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT Every available wall space is covered with a diagram or a printout. EDUARDO comes in with the envelope. 45. EDUARDO Mark-- MARK I need a dedicated Linux box running Apache with a mySQL backend. It's gonna cost a little more money. EDUARDO How much more? MARK Two-hundred more. EDUARDO Do we need it? MARK Gotta handle the traffic. EDUARDO Do it. MARK I already did. EDUARDO Hey, guess what? (shows MARK the envelope) I made the second cut. MARK Good job. You should be proud of that right there, don't worry if you don't make it any further. EDUARDO I'll get outa here. CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY The MUSIC CONTINUES-- GAGE (reading) From Mark Zuckerberg to Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss and Divya Narendra. December 15, 2003. "I have a cs problem set that I'm just getting started with and it should be about 15 hours of coding so I'll be busy tomorrow night." CUT TO: 46. INT. PFORZHEIMER DINING HALL - NIGHT DIVYA (reading) "I won't really be free to meet until next Wednesday afternoon." CAMERON and TYLER give each other a look--"Is this guy flaking out?" CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE (reading) "...have to cancel Wednesday afternoon. I've basically been in the lab this whole time and also..." CUT TO: INT. HAMBURGER JOINT - NIGHT DIVYA's reading off his blackberry to TYLER and CAMERON-- DIVYA (reading) "Won't be able to do Saturday as I have to meet up with my parents to..." CUT TO: EXT. HARVARD YARD - NIGHT The MUSIC CONTINUES-- It's snowing and cold as hell. EDUARDO's now with a smaller group of prospective members, most of whom are in their underwear with a couple of them wearing pants. They're all blue and shivering. They're gathered around a statue of John Harvard as a senior announces-- SENIOR As the plaque reads, this is John Harvard, founder of Harvard University in 1638. It's also called The Statue of Three Lies. What are the three lies, Mr. Dowd? (beat) Mr. Dowd. SOPHOMORE The three lies-- (beat) The first-- 47. (MORE) (beat) Shit! SENIOR Take your pants off. EDUARDO I know. SENIOR Mr. Saverin. EDUARDO 1) Harvard was founded in 1636, not 1638. 2) Harvard wasn't founded by John Harvard and 3) That's not John Harvard. SENIOR Who is it? EDUARDO A friend of the sculptor, Daniel Chester. SENIOR Keep your jacket on. And as another kid simply falls to his hands and knees and throws up, we CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE 39 days after Mr. Zuckerberg's initial meeting with my clients and he still hadn't completed work on HarvardConnection. But on January 11, 2004-- CUT TO: INT. MARK'S DORM ROOM - DAY A website called Network Solutions is up on Mark's screen. He hits a couple of keys and waits intently. Then the computer shows him what he wanted to see-- www.theFacebook.com--DOMAIN NAME REGISTERED GAGE (V.O.) Mr. Zuckerberg registered the domain name theFacebook via network solutions. CUT TO: 48. SOPHOMORE (CONT'D) INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE To the best of your knowledge, had he even begun work on HarvardConnection? EDUARDO Not to my knowledge, no. CUT TO: INT. PORCELLIAN - NIGHT CAMERON's looking at his e-mail. CAMERON What in the world is this? (reading) "Hey Cameron. I'm still a little skeptical that we have enough functionality in the site to really draw the attention and gain the critical mass necessary to get a site like this to run. We'll speak soon." CUT TO: INT. SECOND DEPOSITION ROOM - DAY GAGE This is the first time he mentioned any problem? DIVYA Yes it was. GAGE You'd sent 36 e-mails to Mr. Zuckerberg and received 16 return e-mails and this was the first time he indicated he was not happy. DIVYA That's correct. He had 42 days to study our system and get out ahead on-- MARK Do you see any of your code on Facebook? GAGE (help me) Sy, could you-- SY (calming him) Mark-- 49. MARK Did I use any of your code? DIVYA You stole our whole goddam idea! SY Fellas. MARK Match-dot-com for Harvard guys? GAGE Can I continue with my deposition? MARK You know you really don't need a forensic team to get to the bottom of this. If you guys were the inventors of Facebook you'd have invented Facebook. DIVYA I can't wait to stand over your shoulder and watch you write us a check. MARK No shit? SY (to GAGE) Let's continue. DIVYA's still staring at MARK, who just smiles a little as he looks down. GAGE (beat) February 4th, 2004-- CUT TO: INT. COMPUTER SCIENCE LAB - DAY MARK is working at a station. We can see through the windows that it's a frigid, snowy February day in Cambridge but MARK's in his hoodie and cargo shorts nonetheless. It looks like he hasn't slept in days. On his monitor we can see that he's working on the profile page for theFacebook. DUSTIN MOSKOVITZ steps up to him quietly. DUSTIN Mark? (pause) Mark. MARK turns his head and looks at him... 50. DUSTIN (CONT'D) (quietly) There's a girl in your art history class. Her name is Stephanie Attis. Do you happen to know if she has a boyfriend? MARK just keeps looking at him--barely even blinking--"Why am I being interrupted?" DUSTIN (CONT'D) (beat) Have you ever seen her with anyone? (beat) And if not, do you happen to know if she's looking to go out with anyone? MARK (pause) Dustin. People don't walk around with a sign on them that says-- And MARK stops short right there. Because in his head, he's just discovered the cure for cancer. DUSTIN (pause) Mark? EXT. COMPUTER SCIENCE BUILDING - DAY As MARK, with his backpack stuffed, comes flying out of the building and into the snow, barely keeping his balance on the ice and we CUT TO: INT. KIRKLAND HOUSE/LOBBY - MORNING The heavy door bursts open and MARK comes busting through. He makes his way with speed and intent up a flight of stairs. Then another. And then another until he gets to his floor. He sprints down his hall toward his dorm room and barely notices EDUARDO leaning against the door. EDUARDO We were supposed to meet at 9. MARK is searching the pockets of his shorts for his keys. EDUARDO (CONT'D) Have you slept yet? MARK opens the door and they go into his suite-- 51. MARK I have to add something. EDUARDO What? MARK's in his own world as he sits at the computer and calls up theFacebook. The home page fills the screen. EDUARDO (CONT'D) (simply) Shit. (beat) That looks good. (beat) That looks really good. MARK It's clean and simple. No Disneyland, no Live Nude Girls. The CAMERA surveys the screen as MARK slips through some functions to show EDUARDO and we see things that are now familiar--A photo, sex, a profile, a list of attributes, a poke application, etc. MARK (CONT'D) But watch. MARK's called up a the Emacs program and quickly writes out several lines of code... EDUARDO What'd you write? MARK goes back to the profile page. There's a new area to be filled in... MARK "Relationship Status", "Interested In". (beat) This is what drives life at college. Are you having sex or aren't you. It's why people take certain classes, and sit where they sit, and do what they do, and at its, um, center, you know, that's what theFacebook is gonna be about. People are gonna log on because after all the cake and watermelon there's a chance they're actually gonna-- EDUARDO --get laid. MARK (over) --meet a girl. Yes. 52. EDUARDO That's really good. MARK (beat) And that's it. EDUARDO (beat) What do you mean? MARK It's ready. EDUARDO It's ready? MARK Yeah. EDUARDO Right now? MARK That was it. And here's the masthead. MARK hits another couple of keystrokes and the website's masthead comes up. EDUARDO You made a masthead. MARK Yeah. EDUARDO (reading) "Eduardo Saverin. Co-Founder and CFO." MARK Yeah. EDUARDO You have no idea what that's going to mean to my father. MARK Sure I do. EDUARDO (pause) When's it gonna go live? MARK Right now. Get your laptop out. 53. EDUARDO Why do we need my laptop? MARK Because you've got e-mails for everyone at the Phoenix. EDUARDO (beat) I'm not sure if it's gonna be cool with them that I spam their-- MARK This is not spam. EDUARDO No, I know it's not spam-- MARK If we send it to our friends it'll just bounce around the Dworkin. EDUARDO I haven't gotten in yet. MARK These guys know people and I need their emails. EDUARDO (beat) Sure. MARK Good. EDUARDO takes out his laptop-- MARK (CONT'D) Gimmie the mailing list. EDUARDO "Jabberwock12.listserv@Harvard E-D-U." MARK opens up an e-mail and is writing a short message, then includes a link to the site-- MARK These guys. They're literary geniuses because the world's most obvious Lewis Carroll reference-- EDUARDO They're not so bad. MARK I'm just saying. 54. EDUARDO You're right. He hits "Send". MARK The site's live. EDUARDO (pause) You know what? Let's go get a drink and celebrate. I'm buying. MARK is staring at the computer... EDUARDO (CONT'D) Mark? MARK doesn't hear him. We just see MARK's head from the back and it's ever so slightly bobbing back and forth... EDUARDO (CONT'D) (pause) Mark? (beat) Are you praying? CUT TO: INT. DINING HALL - NIGHT THE KROKODILOES, Harvard's oldest male a Capella group, are singing at the front of the hall in their usual uniform of white tie and tails for a packed crowd of students and parents. Incongruously, but with surprisingly nice results, the group is covering a song from All-4-One--"I Swear"--and the pub full of students is loving it. We find a table in the back where DIVYA is sitting with his girlfriend and some of their friends who are having a nice time. Divya's girlfriend, K.C., has her laptop open. MALE FRIEND What ever happened to Cole Porter and Irving Berlin? FEMALE FRIEND It's a Valentine's theme. They're playing love songs. MALE FRIEND Good point, 'cause Cole Porter and Irving Berlin never wrote any love songs. 55. DIVYA Honey, you should put the laptop away. K.C. Seven different people spammed me the same link. DIVYA K.C.-- She clicks on the link-- FEMALE FRIEND What is it? K.C. (dryly) I don't know, but I'm really hoping it's cats that look like Hitler 'cause I can never get enough of that. (beat) It's not. DIVYA takes K.C.'s hand and turns his focus back to the singers but only for just a second because whatever was on the screen gets his attention in a hurry. He swivels the laptop toward himself-- He starts quickly scrolling and reading it and we PUSH IN on his face as the blood starts draining away... K.C. (CONT'D) Div! (beat) What? DIVYA shuts the laptop, grabs it off the table-- Puts it back-- People are starting to turn and see what the commotion is about as the singing continues. K.C. (CONT'D) What is wrong? DIVYA starts to bolt out of the pub. His foot gets caught on a chair leg and he falls hard face-first to the floor. DIVYA It's fine. He starts out again, then comes back for his coat, grabs it, starts out and falls down all over again. 56. Finally he's got it together and flies out of the pub and we CUT TO: EXT. BRIDGE - NIGHT DIVYA's running across the Charles in the freezing February air and we CUT TO: INT. BOATHOUSE - NIGHT CAMERON and TYLER are rowing in a large practice tank--a simulator with a hull, oars and rowable water. They're focused and charging away in perfect sync when the door at the end of the century-old boathouse opens and DIVYA charges in from the cold with his laptop and a copy of the Crimson in his hands. DIVYA (calling) Hey! The twins are in the zone and don't pay any attention. DIVYA (CONT'D) (louder) Hey! CAMERON Not now, we need 20 minutes. DIVYA (calmly) Okay. I just wanted to let you know Zuckerberg stole our website. TYLER stops rowing and then CAMERON. They look at DIVYA... DIVYA (CONT'D) Mark Zuckerberg stole our website. It's been live for more than 36 hours. CUT TO: INT. CAMERON AND TYLER'S DORM ROOM - NIGHT They're in gear. CAMERON's taken a quick shower but didn't dry off. He's in sweatpants with a towel over his shoulder, talking on the phone with his father and holding the Crimson. DIVYA's on his cell looking for MARK and TYLER, still in his practice clothes, has his desktop computer open to theFacebook and is studying it. 57. CAMERON (covering the phone) Ty, the lawyer's on the phone with Dad. (into phone) I'm here with my brother, Tyler, and our business partner, Divya. TYLER (reading off the computer) "Welcome to theFacebook. TheFacebook is an online directory that connects people through different social networks. You must have a Harvard.edu address to register." CAMERON (into phone) That's right. DIVYA (into cell) I called earlier. I'm looking for Mark Zuckerberg. CAMERON (into phone) Yes sir, he's quoted a couple of times. I can read it to you, "'Everyone's been talking a lot about a universal facebook within Harvard', he says"--he meaning Mark--"'I think it's kind of silly that it would take the University a couple of years to get around to it. I can do a classier job than they can and I did in a week.'" DIVYA (into cell) Tell him Divya Narendra called, I appreciate it. CAMERON (into phone) I know, that's how he talks. DIVYA (off another copy of the Crimson) "As of yesterday evening, Zuckerberg said over 650 students had registered to use theFacebook.com. He said he anticipated that 900 students would have joined the site by this morning." 58. CAMERON (into phone) Yeah, Divya was just reading that 650 students signed up for it on the first day. TYLER If I were a drug dealer I couldn't give free drugs to 650 people in one day. DIVYA And this guy doesn't have three friends to rub together to make a fourth. CAMERON (quieting them so he can hear) Guys, please, come on. (into phone) That's what we'll do, Mr. Hotchkiss. We'll put all this together and we'll email it to you. (listens) You won't be able to get on the website yourself. (beat) Because you don't have--a Harvard, umm-- You know what, it would just be easier for us to email it to you. (listens) No, I'm sure you're right, this is a good guy-- DIVYA (reacting) Wow!! CAMERON (into phone) --and he's very bright and I'm sure he didn't mean to...do what he did. (beat) Thank you very much, and Dad--alright love you too. CAMERON hangs up. DIVYA This is a good guy? CAMERON We don't know that he's not a good guy. DIVYA We know that he stole our idea. We know he lied to our faces for a month and a half while he-- 59. CAMERON He never lied to our faces. DIVYA (DIVYA tosses the Crimson to TYLER) He never saw our faces! He lied to our email accounts and he got himself a 42-day head start because he knows what apparently you don't which is that getting there first is everything! CAMERON I'm a competitive racer, Div, I don't think you need to school me on the importance of getting there first, thank you. DIVYA Alright. That was your father's lawyer? CAMERON It was his in-house counsel, he'll look at it and if he thinks it's appropriate he'll send a cease and desist letter. DIVYA What's that gonna do? CAMERON What, do you wanna hire and IP lawyer and sue him? DIVYA No, I wanna hire the Sopranos to beat the shit out of him with a hammer. TYLER We don't even have to do that. CAMERON That's right. TYLER We can do that ourselves. CAMERON Hey-- TYLER I'm six-five, 220 and there's two of me. DIVYA I'm with this guy. 60. CAMERON And I'm saying let's calm down until we know what we're talking about. DIVYA How much more information are you waiting for? We met with Mark three times, we exchanged 52 e-mails, we can prove that he looked at the code-- (then) What is that on the bottom of the page? CAMERON (he's already seen it) It says "A Mark Zuckerberg Production". DIVYA On the home page? TYLER On every page. DIVYA Shit, I need a second to let the classiness waft over me. CAMERON Look-- TYLER Cam. They wrote, "Zuckerberg said that he hoped the privacy options would help to restore his reputation following student outrage over Facemash.com". (beat) That's exactly what WE said to him. He's givi
          PRØHBTD and All Def Media Ink Exclusive Media Partnership (Exclusive)      Cache   Translate Page      

PRØHBTD, a digital media platform focused on cannabis lifestyle, is joining forces with All Def Media (ADM) to co-produce and distribute original content.

Under the partnership, the two brands will create cannabis-driven programming that falls within comedy, music, and social justice categories. The companies will also work together to lock down sponsorships with global advertising partners.

ADM, which produces and distributes programming often having to do with hip-hop culture, has more than 300 million subscribers across its social media channels. One of its most popular digital shows, “Dad Jokes,” which consists of celebrities trying not to laugh as they exchange puns with one another, reached more than 15 million people within the first week of its launch on Facebook Watch.

Also Read: How CBS All Access Landed Jordan Peele for Its 'Twilight Zone' Reboot

Together with PRØHBTD — one of the largest multi-platform video networks in the cannabis industry, which reaches an audience of 100+ million people — ADM will attempt to marry the worlds of hip-hop, culture, social justice, and cannabis to create content that “reflects people’s realities,” according to the companies.

Also Read: Peter Thiel's Medicinal Weed Company Tilray Now Worth More Than Expedia, American Airlines

“Hip-hop transcends age, class, gender and drives a lot of our global culture, from the shows we watch to the clothes we wear,” said Chris Blackwell, co-president and chief digital officer at All Def Media. “All Def Media is all about using that truth to create content that reflects people’s realities and lets creatives express themselves. PRØHBTD is also pushing boundaries as one of the biggest advocates for unprohibited, free expression, and we’re excited about what we’ll be able to create together.”

Also Read: As the Streaming Wars Heat Up, Don't Forget About CBS All Access

“Chris and the team at All Def have established a cultural voice with purpose that entertains and informs millions of people around the world,” said Drake Sutton-Shearer, CEO of PRØHBTD. “The topics of social justice and freedom of expression are as vital to keeping the truth alive as much as comedy can help us to laugh at ourselves, so we look forward to producing new and relevant content together.”

The partnership comes on the heels of an $8 million round of funding for PRØHBTD, whose investors include Donald Glover, Swedish House Mafia’s Axwell Hedfors, and Joel and Benji Madden.

Also Read: Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg: Russian Trolls Among His 'Greatest Regrets'

Related stories from TheWrap:

Return on Influence: A Performance-Focused Marketing Approach (All Things Video Podcast)

Mia Farrow on Her Time With Woody Allen: 'It's Not All Black or White'

Mic Fires Reporter After 'Multiple, Disturbing Allegations' of Misconduct




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