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          EAM Swaraj attends SCO Heads of Government Council Meeting in Tajikistan      Cache   Translate Page      
          Comment on 4th National Climate Assessment report by Wookey      Cache   Translate Page      
Ron. You do not seem to be aware of the work of the gapminder institute which has excellent tools and data on population: It is instructive to take their 'chimpanzee test' population quiz to check your assumptions. I agree that population is a massive problem, which makes most of the other problems much worse, but the point is that it is already under control in most of the world. The number of children born worldwide (136 million) has barely changed in 4 years - essentially the base population finally stopped rising (obviously overall population will still rise significantly because those new people last ~70 years).$chart-type=popbyage It's simply not true that 'developing countries in Asia' have high fertility rates. Most of them are already low. Bangladesh, Bhutan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, China are all well below replacement, and Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar are only just above and still dropping. Thailand and China have rates well below the US and most of Europe. Only Pakistan, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, Philippines, Tajikistan, Jordan, PNG and Palestine remain above 3. Only sub-Saharan Africa still has high fertility rates, and they are dropping there too since the 70s and 80s. Nigeria is the biggest problem as it's big _and_ high birthrate. It's currently projected to be a 400m population country by the time it stabilises.$state$time$value=2018;&marker$axis_x$which=children_per_woman_total_fertility&domainMin:null&domainMax:null&zoomedMin:null&zoomedMax:null&scaleType=linear&spaceRef:null;;;&chart-type=bubbles The point of all this is that the population problem is actually largely fixed, assuming we can keep current trends in place. Fertility rates are already below replacement in most of the world, and we are already on track for a stable population around 2070. There isn't much that can be done to bend the curve very far there - people last a long time... The thing we _can_ change quickly, if we put our minds to it is the other half of the problem: consumption, which is why it makes sense to concentrate efforts there, whilst not taking our eye off the development/contraception/healthcare ball in the developing world. It is possible for countries to regress, see Egypt 2006, Tunisia 2005, France 1997, USA 1977 (and 2002), but it's quite rare.
          La MaMa Announces THE SHELL-SHOCKED NUT      Cache   Translate Page      

From December 20 to 23, La MaMa Experimental Theater in association the GOH Productions will present the fourth annual production of East Village Dance Project's The Shell-Shocked Nut, an alternative Nutcracker set in the East Village, featuring an intergenerational cast of dancers and musicians. The piece is recommended for family audiences.

In this unconventional take on the seasonal staple, a wandering child and a war veteran suffering from PTSD take a magical voyage through the East Village. The pair of characters visit Tompkins Square Park, Economy Candy Store, Saint Mark's Place, and other iconic East Village landmarks while exploring themes of loss and recovery.

The New York Times said of the Shell-Shocked Nut, "The East Village has a "Nutcracker" of its own and, fittingly, it's on the gritty side." Time Out NY chose the production as a "Critics' Pick".

The Shell-Shocked Nut is conceived and directed by Martha Tornay and co-directed by Victoria Roberts-Wierzbowski. The pair also spearhead East Village Dance Project (EVDP), a dance development program that has offered after-school classes in ballet, modern and choreography in lower Manhattan since 1997.

The show first emerged as a studio showing in the weeks after Superstorm Sandy created as a means of brightening spirits after a challenging time for the community. "I started thinking about the cathartic process of working through a stressful situation," Tornay said.

The sister and daughter of war veterans, Tornay was inspired to use the structure of the Nutcracker to tell a more personal story of the effects of trauma, while maintaining the accessible, family-friendly nature of the traditional ballet.

In the years following its inception, the piece has grown to a full-scale production, featuring young students from the dance program alongside an array of professional performers, artists and guest choreographers from NYC and beyond. The 2018 Guest Artists include the New Mexico-based Aerial group, Project in Motion; Detroit-based dance artists Shaina and Bryan Baira; and New York City performers Delaney McDonough, Indah Walsh, Chloe London, Xiao Quan, Lauren Kravitz, Ellen Maynard and OBIE-winning scenic designer Donald Eastman.

Local composer Clare Farris created original pieces for the show, based off the Tchaikovsky score. The show also includes sections of Tchaikovsky in its unadulterated state, Massachusetts-based musician/composer Peter Jones, and contemporary tracks by Duke Ellington, David Lowery, Lynn Anderson, Aretha Franklin and more.

The Shell-Shocked Nut will run from Dec. 20-23, Thurs to Sat at 7PM; Sunday at 3PM. Tickets are $20 and $15 seniors, students and children 12 and under, and can be purchased online at or at the Box Office: (212) 352-3101

FUNDING: The East Village Dance Project and this project are supported, in part with public funds from the National Endowment for the Arts; and with support from private donors.



The Shell Shocked Nut is Conceived by Martha Tornay

Co-Directors: Martha Tornay & Victoria Roberts-Wierzbowski of East Village Dance Project

Guest Dancers/choreographers: Bryan Baira, Shaina Baira, Chloe London, Lauren Kravitz, Rachel Knecht Scher, Ellen Maynard, Hilary McDaniel-Douglas of Project in Motion, Delaney McDonough, Xiao Quan, Indah Walsh, Students of East Village Dance Project @ Abrons Arts Center

Scenic Design: Donald Eastman

Featuring music by Tchaikovsky, Duke Ellington, Clare Farris, Peter Jones, David Lowery, Lynn Anderson, Aretha Franklin and more.

East Village Dance Project (EVDP), based in New York City, was founded in 1997 as a dance development program for youth age 3 through adult, under the artistic direction of Martha Tornay. EVDP offers classes in ballet, pointe, modern, improvisation and beginning choreography. The program has been recognized for its innovative approach to dance education, and for offering pre-professional classes to all, regardless of financial means. Through the program, EVDP students have performed at La MaMa Experimental Theater, Pace University, NYU Skirball Center, Abrons Arts Center, Vanaver Caravan Dance Festival, Lincoln Center Out-of-Doors and alongside the acclaimed modern dance company, Keigwin + Company. EVDP's Teen Company, a pre-professional performance troupe, have been honored to perform works by guest choreographers including Kathryn Alter, Dante Brown, Ellen Cornfield, Molly Lieber, Amanda Loulaki, Nicole Wolcott and more. In January 2011, EVDP and GOH Productions opened Avenue C Studio. In 2017, EVDP relocated their youth program to Abrons Arts Center, renaming the program to East Village Dance Project @ Abrons Arts Center.

Martha Tornay has over 4 decades of intensive classical ballet studies including training with dance masters such as Mme. Gabriela Darvash, Gretchen Ward Warren and Robert Brassel. After performing for 18 years as a soloist with regional and international ballet and modern companies including Newport News Ballet (Virginia), Israel Ballet (Tel Aviv), and The Robert Kovich Company (NYC), she founded East Village Dance Project. Martha is a graduate of Interlochen Arts Academy and a recipient of the Fine Arts Award in dance technique and choreography. In addition to directing East Village Dance Project, she is an adjunct professor at New York University's Experimental Theater Wing and teaches at Bates Dance Festival, the acclaimed summer dance workshop held at Bates College in Lewiston, ME.

Victoria Roberts-Wierzbowski Originally from Western Massachusetts, Victoria received her BA in social science and dance from Sarah Lawrence College. In addition to working with the students of EVDP, Victoria has taught movement in preschools and public schools, served as a staff development coach for instructors teaching physical education classes, and worked with adults touched by cancer and chronic pain. As a performer, she has worked with both choreographers and playwrights including Katie Rose McLaughlin, Dan O'Neil, Sybil Kempson and David Neumann/advanced beginner group.

Project in Motion is a non-profit dance company founded in 1998. They develop collaborative audio/video, theatrical, terrestrial and aerial dance productions and perform on traditional aerial apparatuses, as well as custom built devices and set pieces of our own design. They seek to afford artists and their community the opportunity to experiment and develop the world of performance through creative workshops and collaborative projects. In the past thirteen years Project In Motion has performed in historic homes, along the banks of the Rio Grande, and in New York lofts, in addition to many other locations

Shaina Branfman Baira is Co-Artistic Director of BAIRA | MVMNT PHLSPHY. Shaina was born and raised in Victoria, Texas and received her BFA in Dance at the University of Iowa. She completed her certification as a Movement Analyst at the Laban Institute of Movement Studies, and completed studies in religion and philosophy at the New York All Faiths Seminary International where she was ordained as an Interfaith Minister. In 2016 Shaina was awarded the Atelier Award from the Laban Institute. Shaina is a member of The Feath3r Theory, and offers freelance interfaith mentoring and dialog throughout NYC.

Bryan Strimpel Baira is Co-Artistic Director of BAIRA | MVMNT PHLSPHY . Originally from Carleton, Michigan, he is a graduate of Wayne State University with a B.F.A in dance. Bryan has performed and taught around the world in places such as: Colombia, South Korea, Turkey, Tajikistan, and Armenia; as well as throughout NYC. He has danced with Nicholas Leichter Dance, Brian Brooks Moving Company, David Dorfman Dance and ThirdRailProjects. Bryan is an active sound designer/musician and is a member of The Feath3r Theory. Bryan is honored to have been selected as one of Dance Magazine's 'Top 25 to Watch' for 2013.

Indah M. Walsh is a choreographer, performer, dance educator, and administrator. She has danced in Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and across the US. Indah earned a BFA in dance from Purchase College Conservatory of Dance in 2008 and an MFA in dance from NYU Tisch School of the Arts in 2014. As a choreographer, Indah Walsh was awarded a Creative Engagement Grant from the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council in 2017. Indah has showcased work at venues and festivals in venues across NYC, as well as in California. Indah has taught and choreographed works for high schools, colleges, and dance conventions in Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, and California.

Delaney McDonough crafts multi-disciplinary events with movers ages 4-80. Her work has been produced across New England, New York City, San Francisco, Montreal and Santa Cruz. As a freelance performer, Delaney has performed with Annie Kloppenberg, Hana van der Kolk, Asher Woodworth, Sara Gibbons and others. She's steered two curitiorial undertakings in the great state of Maine, at Denmark Arts Center as Co-Director (2015-2017), and South Portland's Studio 408 as Director of Adult Programming and Director of Moving Target.

Chloe London is originally from Manhattan, NY and an alumni of the EVDP youth program. As a teen she took the lead role in the first performance of the Shell Shocked Nut. Chloe graduated in May 2017 with a BFA in Dance from SUNY Brockport's Honors College. In Rochester, NY Chloe danced for Chamber Ballet Brockport, Mariah Maloney, Laura Peterson, Zehnder Dance, Ashley Friend, and Assemblage Dance. Within the past few years, she trained her research and writing muscles at American Realness, Dante Brown |Warehouse Dance's Our Lips Project, Jacob's Pillow Dance, and The Kitchen. Chloe currently resides in Brooklyn, NY, dances for Wild Beast Dance, and creates her own work. She was a staff dance writer for Brockport's student paper The Stylus and showcases her dance writing on her website The Kinesthetic Scribe (

Ellen Maynard is a Brooklyn-based dance artist and filmmaker. During her time as a BFA student of dance at The Ohio State University, Ellen performed in original works by Bebe Miller, Lily Skove, Ann Sofie Clemmensen, Esther Baker-Tarpaga, Ohad Fishof, and Noa Zuk; and created the dance film series The Wind is on us Here, Turning." Ellen's dance films have placed in festivals including the International 60 Seconds Dance Film Festival, the 9th International Screendance Festival, and the Third Coast Dance Film Festival. She is currently choreographing site-specific works, both live and filmed, for The West Harlem Arts Fund, as well as dancing with Dante Brown | Warehouse Dance and Quentin Burley Dance Group. Last year at Bates Dance Festival Ellen was director of photography for Stephan Koplowitz's dance film installation work-in-progress.

GOH Productions' mission is embodied in our logo, GOH, the Japanese character meaning "working together under one roof." That definition informs all the organization's work - collaborative and expansive, stretching the sky to its fullest capacity. GOH began in 1979, during a time of fiscal cutbacks and political turmoil; and faces, head-on, the challenges of nurturing artworks and artistic collaboration, testing the boundaries and borders of all categories. GOH has a primary goal of working with experimental and interdisciplinary artists to clarify their artistic vision and to make possible the production of new works in a variety of genres and in a variety of global landscapes. In the mid-1970s, GOH was founded as 7 Loaves, Inc. a non-profit arts producing and presenting organization in the Lower East Side/East Village of New York City. In 1988 the organization's name was changed to GOH Productions (GOH), and Bonnie Sue Stein became its Artistic and Executive Director, a position she still holds. Stein works with directly with a number of performing artists on the creation and development of collaborative projects in the U.S. and with international partners.

La MaMa is dedicated to the artist and all aspects of the theatre. La MaMa's vision of nurturing new artists and new work remains as strong today as it was when Ellen Stewart first opened the doors in 1961. La MaMa has presented more than 5,000 productions by 150,000 artists of all nations, cultures, races, and identities. Cultural pluralism and ethnic diversity are inherent in the work created on our stages. Here, artists find a supportive environment for artistic exploration, and audiences are part of the development of an artist's work over time.

A recipient of the 2018 Regional Theater Tony Award, and more than 30 Obie Awards and dozens of Drama Desk, Bessie, and Villager Awards, La MaMa has been a creative home for thousands of artists, many of whom have made lasting contributions to the arts, including Blue Man Group, Peter Brook, Ping Chong, André DeShields, Harvey Fierstein, Tadeusz Kantor, Adrienne Kennedy, Diane Lane, Warren Leight, Michael Mayer, Bette Midler, Meredith Monk, Kazuo Ohno, David and Amy Sedaris, Julie Taymor, Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman.

Photo by Stacie Joy.

          Macedonia | Tikves Wine District | Demir Kapiya | Popova Kula Winery | Prokupec      Cache   Translate Page      

It is my fourth day at the Popova Kula Winery, a Thursday, and I am still the only guest here. I checked on the internet and discovered, however, that this coming Saturday night the place is full-up with no rooms available. Luckily I am checking out Saturday morning. Incorrigible misanthrope that I am, I have been enjoying the solitude. Meanwhile I am continuing my investigations of the local vintages. The winery produces eleven different kinds of wine:
—Cabernet Sauvignon
—Sauvignon Blanc
— Muscat Ottonel
—Muscat Hamburg
Stanushina, Prokupec, Vranec, Temjanika, and Zilavka are made from grapes indigenous to the Balkan Peninsula; these are the only varieties I am interested in. God forbid that I should come to Macedonia just to drink Cabernet Sauvignon or—horrors!— Merlot! 

According to archeological findings, grapes has been grown and wine produced in the area of Demir Kapiya for at least the last 3600 years. The modern history of viniculture in the Demir Kapiya area began in 1927 when King Alexander Karadjordjevic of Yugoslavia (1888–1934) built a winery here to produce wine for the exclusive use of his royal family. Experts assured the king that of all possible locations in his kingdom, which covered a good part of the Balkan Peninsula, including modern-day Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Slovenia, this area was the most fertile and best suited for growing grapes and producing wine. He named the property the Winery of The Queen Maria in honor of his wife, Maria Karadjordjevic. The king hired the best vintners available and the winery was soon producing wine of extraordinary quality. Unfortunately King Alexander Karadjordjevic was unable to enjoy the fruits of his vineyards for long. On October 9, 1934, during a state visit to Marseille, France, he was assassinated by Bulgarian revolutionary Vlado Chernozemski.
King Alexander Karadjordjevic of Yugoslavia (click on photos for enlargements)
The subsequent history of the winery is a bit hazy, but apparently it continued producing wine in the decades thereafter, except during the world wars and various local upheavals.  After the Second World the Royal Winery, along with other wineries in what was then Yugoslavia, were nationalized. Over 30,000 families who owned small private vineyards continued, however, to supply grapes to these wine making facilities. It was these people who are credited with  maintaining the high quality of local viniculture during the following decades. After the breakup of socialist Yugoslavia in the 1990s and the emergence of the former Yugoslavian republic of Macedonia as an independent country most if not all wineries were privatized. The royal winery in Demir Kapiya was privatized in 1994 and is now known as the Royal Winery Queen Maria. The current winery has an on-site restaurant and rents out rooms, apartments, and for high-rollers the former villa of Queen Maria Karadjordjevic.
King Alexander and Queen Maria
The Popova Kula Winery is built on lands that once belonged to the Royal Winery. Construction of the winery itself started in October of 2004 and was completed in August of 2005. Construction of the winery restaurant and hotel was not completed until 2009. The name of the winery, “Popova Kula”, means “Priest’s Tower”. Apparently during the time of the Roman Empire an important road ran through the grounds of the current winery. A large tower served as a checkpoint on the road, and this eventually became known at the Priest’s Tower. This original tower was eventually torn down, but the winery has erected a new 55-foot high tower its honor. This tower has become the easily recognizable symbol of the winery. 
Popova Kula Winery

The “Priest’s Tower” of Popova Kula
Curious about this Roman road, I went down to the lobby and questioned the receptionist, a charming woman in her thirties. She in turn questioned one the local workmen who happened to be handy, and this guy said the Roman road in question was the famous Via Egnatia dating to the time of the Roman Empire, which ran from Durrës in what is now Albania east 696 miles to Constantinople, right across the heart of the Balkan Peninsula. This was certainly intriguing. I had already visited numerous cities and towns on the old Via Egnatia, including Thessaloniki, Kavala, and Kastoria in Greece and Orhid in Macedonia but I was under the impression that the old Roman road passed through the Balkans a good bit south of Demir Kapiya. The receptionist called the local wine museum and the woman at the museum suggested I stop by for more information. So I hiked a mile into town and found the museum, a modest two-room establishment in downtown Demir Kapiya. The woman in charge informed me that the Roman road through Demir Kapiya was not the Via Egnatia itself but a side branch of the main highway. Nevertheless, I was thrilled to discover that Demir Kapiya was in fact linked to the hallowed Via Egnatia. I harbor the sneaking suspicion I have traveled this road in a previous lifetime. 
The Via Egnatia in red. The northern extension in green may be the one that passed through Demir Kapiya.
Via Egnatia near Kavala. Photo by Philipp Pilhofer 
After trekking a mile back from the museum to the winery I retire to my balcony to sample the wine of the day; in this case Prokupec, a wine apparently indigenous to what is now Serbia but also grown in Macedonia. 

From my balcony can be seen the Iron Gate, a gap in the mountains through which the Vardar River flows. The Iron Gate marks the southern boundary of the Tikves Wine Region. It also gives its name to the town just to the north—Demir Kapiya, which in Turkish means “Iron Gate”.
View from my balcony. The Iron Gate is the gap in the mountains in the middle of the photo. The town of Demir Kapiya (Iron Gate) is in the foreground.
A view of the Iron Gate from Popova Kula vineyards
Another view from my balcony

Halfway through my first glass of Prokupec my thoughts drifted, perhaps inevitably, to the Persian Poet Rudaki (858 a.d – 941 a.d.), the favorite poet of the Samanids of Bukhara, in what is now Uzbekistan. The Elton John of his Age, at one point Rudaki owned two hundred slaves who attended to his needs, and a hundred camels were necessary to carry his baggage when he traveled. His verses, it was said, filled a hundred volumes; he reportedly wrote 1,300,000 couplets. Almost all of his work has been lost. Unfortunately, the poet came to a bad end. He may have fell under the sway of the Ismaili Sect, considered heretical in the domains of the Samanids, and he eventually fell out of favor with the court. His lament:

Who had greatness? Who had favour, of all people in the land? 
I it was had favour, greatness, from the Saman scions' hand; 
Khurasan's own Amir, Nasr, forty thousand dirhams gave, 
And a fifth to this was added by Prince of Pure and Brave; 
From his nobles, widely scattered, came a sixty thousand more; 
Those the times when mine was fortune, fortune good in plenteous store. 
Now the times have changed--and I, too, changed and altered must succumb, 
Bring the beggar's staff here to me; time for staff and script has come!

He reportedly died in abject poverty. Perhaps in his final days he repeated one of his couplets:

Were there no wine all hearts would be a desert waste, forlorn and black, 
But were our last life-breath extinct, the sight of wine would bring it back.
A white wine, Zilavka, that I tried earlier. It is also indigenous to the Balkan Peninsula. I am not a big fan of white wine,  but this one was not bad at all.
Another view of the winery

          Collective Punishment: Payback Hellish For Family Members Of Bicyclist Attackers In Tajikistan      Cache   Translate Page      
Family members of the four slain men linked to a terrorist attack on foreign cyclists in Tajikistan say they face pressure from the government and society.
          CURRENT AFFAIRS NOVEMBER 21 TO 30 2018       Cache   Translate Page      
Mary Kom made history at Boxing Championships
On 20 November 2018, India’s Mary Kom defeated China’s Wu Yu 5-0 in the 48kg quarterfinals of the women’s World Boxing Championships in New Delhi. She is assured of a medal. Mary has become the most successful medal winner in the Championship’s history with seven medals across different weight categories.
Reservation for women in legislative assembly
The Odisha Assembly has unanimously passed a resolution seeking 33% reservation for women in legislative assemblies and Parliament. The resolution, moved by Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, was passed by a voice vote. Currently, the 147-member state assembly has 12 women MLAs. The Women’s Reservation Bill is pending in the parliament.
Indian Railways introduces e-toilets
As a special initiative to mark World Toilet Day, Central Railway (CR) department has announced to introduce e-toilets in the railway coaches for the first time. The e-toilets electronically integrate all the toilet functions. These toilets are fully unmanned and perform automated operations. Pressure nozzles have also been attached to these toilets to make flushing easier.
Renault keeps Carlos Ghosn as CEO
Renault has appointed its Chief Operating Officer (COO) Thierry Bollore as deputy CEO to ensure day-to-day management of the company. His appointment was made after the arrest of its CEO Carlos Ghosn but he will remain as its CEO. Renault’s move to appoint a temporary leader was in line with a demand by the French government, which owns a 15% stake in the automaker.
Foundation Stones of CGD Project
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone for City Gas Distribution (CGD) projects across 129 districts on 22 November 2018. This will boost the availability of gas supply for half of the country’s population in 26 states and Union Territories. The projects have been awarded by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB).
Kim Jong Yang elected as Interpol President
Kim Jong Yang of South Korea has been elected Interpol President. Kim will serve as president for the remainder of the current mandate, until 2020. The decision was taken at the 87th General Assembly of the Agency in Dubai. He was previously the Chief of police in South Korea’s most populous province.
India $ Russia signed $500 million deal
On 20 November 2018, India and Russia signed a USD 500 million deal for construction of two missile frigates in Goa for the Indian Navy. The agreement for manufacturing of the two Talvar-class warships was signed between Goa Shipyard Ltd (GSL) and Russia’s state-run defence major Rosoboronexport. Russia will provide design, technology and key materials to GSL for construction of the ships.
‘Tata Literature Awards 2018’ announced
Anuradha Roy and James Crabtree are among the winners of the ‘Tata Literature Live Awards 2018’. Harper Collins India was named publisher of the year 2018. Veteran journalist and writer Mark Tully won the Lifetime Achievement Award. Renowned poet Jayanta Mahapatra was named the poet laureate for 2018.
Dr Dixit appointed as Brand Ambassador
The Maharashtra government has appointed Dr Jagannath Dixit as the Brand Ambassador of its anti-obesity campaign. Dr Dixit has been appointed due to his experience and knowledge in the field. Dr Dixit is attached to the Government Medical College, Latur as a Professor.
Google launched ‘Neighbourly’ app
Google has announced the national roll-out of a new app from its ‘Next Billion Users’ team called ‘Neighbourly’. The app helps people source local information from their neighbours. Google is rolling out ‘Neighbourly’ starting with Bengaluru and Delhi, which topped the waitlist. More cities will be added every day, including Chennai, Hyderabad and Pune.
World Fisheries Day: 21 November
World Fisheries day is celebrated every year on November 21 throughout the world. The day helps in highlighting the critical importance to human lives, of water and the lives it sustains, both in and out of water. Fishing communities worldwide celebrate this day through rallies, workshops, public meetings, and cultural programs.
Indian gymnasts won two bronze medals
Indian gymnasts won two bronze medals in the men’s and women’s group events of the FIG Acrobatic World Cup in Baku.  Prins Aris and Rejilesh Suribabu won bronze medals in the men’s and women’s group events on 20 November 2018. Russian gymnasts won both the gold and silver.
BASIC Ministerial Meeting held in New Delhi
The 27th BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change was held in New Delhi on 19-20 November 2018. The meeting was chaired by Dr Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. The BASIC group was formed by an agreement on 28 November 2009.
New ‘pinwheel’ star system discovered
Scientists have discovered a new, massive star system in the Milky Way galaxy. The scientists detected a gamma-ray burst progenitor system. It is a type of supernova that blasts out an extremely powerful and narrow jet of plasma. The system is estimated to be 8,000 light years away from Earth.
Himachal to set up ‘Gau Sewa Aayog’
The Himachal Pradesh government decided to set up a ‘Gau Sewa Aayog’ for preservation, protection and welfare of cows in the state. The Aayog will regulate institutions like cow sheds and shelters, besides the ‘gau vigyan kendras’ and the community animal-rearing centres. The Aayog would also cater to the problem of abandoned cows.
Amitabh Bachchan received Sayaji Ratna Award
Amitabh Bachchan was awarded the third Sayaji Ratna Award on 20 November 2018. The award was established in the memory of erstwhile Baroda ruler Sayajirao Gaekwad III. The Baroda Management Association had instituted the award to mark the 150th birth anniversary of the ruler in 2013. Infosys co-founder N R Narayana Murthy and noted industrialist Ratan Tata have been given the award earlier.
Bangladesh team won Subroto Cup
Bangladesh Krida Shiksha Prothishtan (BKSP) won the 59th edition of the junior boys Subroto Cup International Football Tournament on 20 November 2018. The team defeated Amini School, Afghanistan in the final match. The final match was held at New Delhi. A total of 95 teams and 1500 players participated in the tournament.
India & World Bank signed a loan agreement
The Government of India, the Government of Jharkhand and the World Bank signed a $310 million Loan Agreement on 20 November 2018. The loan amount is for ‘Jharkhand Power System Improvement Project’ to provide reliable, quality, and affordable 24×7 electricity to the citizens of Jharkhand. The Project is part of the Government of India’s ‘Power for All program’ launched in 2014.
Book titled ‘Radio Kashmir’ released
A book titled ‘Radio Kashmir – In Times of Peace & War’ was released by the Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh on 20 November 2018. The book has been written by Dr Rajesh Bhat. The book depicts a unique distinction earned by ‘Radio Kashmir’ by serving people and the nation. The author Dr Rajesh Bhat is currently posted in the Policy Division of Directorate General, All India Radio, New Delhi.
World Television Day: 21 November
The United Nations’ (UN) World Television Day is annually observed around the world on November 21. The day recognizes that television plays a major role in presenting different issue that affect people. The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 21 November as World Television Day through a resolution on 17 December 1996.

Important Current Affairs 22nd November 2018
J&K Assembly dissolved by Governor
Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satyapal Malik dissolved the State Assembly on 21 November 2018. The Governor cited four main reasons for dissolving the Assembly with immediate effect. These include extensive horse-trading and possible exchange of money and the impossibility of forming a stable government by parties with opposing political ideologies.
India & Australia signed five agreements
On 22 November 2018, India and Australia signed five agreements to boost investments and enhance cooperation in key sectors like disability, agricultural research and education. The agreements were signed after President Ram Nath Kovind met Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison in Sydney. President Kovind is the first-ever Indian President to visit Australia.
Himachal govt approved Sashakt Mahila Yojna
The Himachal Pradesh government has approved to implement ‘Sashakt Mahila Yojna’ in the state. The scheme will empower rural women by providing them with an interface for socio-economic development. The scheme will link rural women with sustainable livelihood opportunities and also improve their skill by imparting training.
‘Land Reforms Bill’ passed in West Bengal
On 19 November 2018, the West Bengal Assembly passed the ‘West Bengal Land Reforms (Amendment) Bill’, 2018 to give land rights to enclave dwellers in north Bengal. The Bill will help in the distribution of land-right documents to the people of the enclaves in the border district of Cooch Behar. Bangladesh and India had exchanged a total of 162 enclaves on Aug 1, 2015.
Four new horned frogs discovered
Four new species of horned frogs have been discovered in Himalayan regions of Northeast India. They were discovered by a team of biologists from Delhi University, University College Dublin and the National Museum (UK). The four new Indian species are Himalayan horned frog; the Garo white-lipped horned frog; the Yellow spotted white-lipped horned frog; and the Giant Himalayan horned frog.
Sushma Swaraj began her Laos visit on Nov 22
External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj began her two-day visit to Laos from 22 November 2018. She will co-chair the 9th Meeting of ‘India-Laos Joint Commission on Bilateral Cooperation’. The joint commission meeting will further enhance the cooperation between the two countries in various areas. The capital of Laos is Vientiane and its currency is Lao Kip.
SBM appointed Sidharth Rath as MD
On 21 November 2018, State Bank of Mauritius (SBM-India) has appointed Sidharth Rath as its Managing Director (MD). He was with Axis Bank as the Group Executive and Head of Corporate, Transaction Banking, and International Banking. SBM has received the licence from Reserve Bank of India to operate as a scheduled commercial bank in India with effect from December 1, 2018.
WCCB got Asia Environment Enforcement Award
On 21 November 2018, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) has got the ‘Asia Environment Enforcement Award 2018’. It was awarded for its work in combating trans-boundary environmental crimes. This is the 2nd time in a row that the awards are being given by UN Environment to India. WCCB is a statutory body under the Environment Ministry to combat organised wildlife crime in the country.
Abu Dhabi to host India-UAE Strategic Conclave
The UAE will host the second edition of ‘India-UAE Strategic Conclave’ on 27 November 2018. The day-long conference will be held in Abu Dhabi. It will initiate dialogues to widen the scope of bilateral investments between the two countries. The conclave aims to improve the connection between the business communities of the two countries.
First batsman to score 11,000 runs in Ranji
On 21 November 2018, Veteran cricketer Wasim Jaffer became the first batsman to score 11,000 runs in Ranji Trophy. Jaffer, who plays for Vidarbha, achieved the feat on day two of the Ranji Trophy match against Baroda. He has played 31 Tests and two One-Day Internationals for India. He last played for India in April 2008.
Conference on tuberculosis in India in 2019
The 50th Union World Conference on Lung Health will be held in Hyderabad in 2019. The conference ‘Ending the Emergency: Science, Leadership, Action’ will be held from 30 October 2019 to 2 November 2019. The conference will be organised by the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
Abhijit Bose named WhatsApp India Head
On 21 November 2018, WhatsApp named Abhijit Bose as its India Head. He will join the WhatsApp in early 2019 and will build WhatsApp’s first full country team outside of California. He was the co-founder of Ezetap, an electronic payments company.
Youngest-ever goodwill ambassador appointed
British actress Millie Bobby Brown was named the newest United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Goodwill Ambassador on 21 November 2018. She is the youngest person ever to be appointed as the UNICEF’s Goodwill Ambassador. As a Goodwil Ambassador, she will use her global platform to raise awareness of children’s rights and issues affecting young people.
Mexico’s highest honour given to Prof. Ganguly
Professor S.P. Ganguly has been awarded the ‘Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle’ on 20 November 2018. The award is the highest civilian honour given to a foreigner by Mexico. The award was in recognition of his outstanding work in the study of the Spanish language and Mexican culture. He headed the Centre for Spanish and Latin American Studies at the Jawaharlal Nehru University.
Credit guarantee process norms changed
The Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) has changed norms to improve credit guarantee process for Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE). It will now capture key information on the financial status of the borrowers. The modification will be applicable from 1 December 2018. CGTMSE has been jointly set up by the government of India and SIDBI.
Manipur’s mega ‘Sangai’ festival inaugurated
Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated Manipur’s annual ‘Sangai’ tourism festival on 21 November 2018. The festival is named after the state animal, Sangai, the brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur. The 10-day festival will see various cultural troupes from different parts of the country. The festival was started in 2010.
Bhadohi got ‘export excellence’ tag
Badohi in Uttar Pradesh has got the ‘export excellence’ tag from the Government of India. It is known for its hand-woven carpets around the world. Under the tag, carpet makers will get financial assistance from the central government to procure modern machines, improve export infrastructure. The status was granted by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade, under the Commerce Ministry.
National Implementation Committee constituted
Prime Minister Narendra Modi constituted a ‘National Implementation Committee’ (NIC) to commemorate the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak in India and abroad. Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh is the Chairman of National Implementation Committee. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Minister of State for Culture are the Members of NIC.
‘Bhudaar’ portal launched in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh launched ‘Bhudaar’ portal which makes land records available to people with unique identification numbers. The ‘Bhudaar’ is an 11-digit unique identification code assigned to each agriculture land holding and rural and urban properties in the state. Two types of Bhudaar cards are available including e-Bhudaar an M-Bhudaar.
IIC Program launched by HRD ministry
The ‘Institution’s Innovation Council’ (IIC) program under ‘Innovation cell’ of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) was launched in New Delhi on 21 November 2018. The purpose of formation of network of IICs is to encourage, inspire and nurture young students by exposing them to new ideas. MHRD has established the ‘Innovation cell’ at AICTE.

Important Current Affairs 23rd November 2018
ICC signed a MoU with IIM-C
The Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the IIM Calcutta Innovation Park to help facilitate incubation of start-ups on 21 November 2018. The Innovation Park will incubate and handhold the start-ups, and provide them with training and mentorship. IIM-Calcutta Innovation Park is a not-for-profit company and is currently incubating 40 start-ups.
Joyce to head the UN Environment Programme
On 22 November 2018, Tanzanian microbiologist Joyce Msuya has been appointed as acting head of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) following the resignation of Erik Solheim. Erik Solheim was the Executive Director of UNEP. Prior to joining UN, served as Adviser to the World Bank Vice President. She also served in the Republic of Korea, as the inaugural World Bank Special Representative.
Cabinet approved ‘ACROSS’ scheme
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved continuation of ‘Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services’ (ACROSS) during 2017-2020. ACROSS scheme consists of 9 sub-programmes  It will be implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences. The objective of the ACROSS scheme is to provide a reliable weather and climate forecast for the betterment of society.
Monaco to host 2019 ‘Laureus Awards’
The 19th edition of the prestigious ‘Laureus World Sports Awards’ will be held in Monaco on 18 February 2019. ‘Laureus World Sports Awards’ are considered as the ‘Oscars of sports’. Tennis player Roger Federer won the Laureus Sportsman of the Year award for 2017. Former India cricket captains Kapil Dev, Rahul Dravid and Sachin Tendulkar are members of the Laureus Academy.
44 new coal blocks found in 4 Eastern states
The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has found 44 new coal blocks in four states of Eastern India. The location of these coal blocks are spread across West Bengal’s Purulia and Birbhum districts, coal city of Talcher in Odisha, Bihar’s Bhagalpur and Jharkhand’s East Bokaro and south Karanpura. The estimated coal resource of these 44 new blocks is close to 25,000 million tonnes.
UNICEF appoints ‘Youth Advocate’ for Northeast
On 23 November 2018,singer Nahid Afrin of Assam has been appointed as the first ‘Youth Advocate’ of the Northeastern region by the UNICEF to fight for child rights. The UNICEF engages ‘Youth Advocates’ to act as agents of change in society. She made her playback debut in the 2016 Bollywood film ‘Akira’. She received the best female playback singer award at the Assam state Film Award 2018.
SEBI new rules for reclassifying a promoter
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has come out with new rules for re-classification of a promoter as a public investor. An outgoing promoter will have to relinquish special rights as well as control over the affairs of the listed firm. The promoter will not be allowed to have any representation on the board of directors. They will not be allowed to hold over 10% stake.
OBC sub-quota panel’s term extended
The term of the commission examining the issue of sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the central list has been extended till May 31, 2019. The decision was approved by the Union Cabinet on 22 November 2018 The commission was formed in October 2017. The five-member panel is headed by Justice (retd.) G Rohini.
Mohammed VI- B Satellite successfully launched
Morocco’s ‘Mohammed VI – B’ satellite was successfully launched on 21 November 2018 by Arianespace from the Guiana Space Center, in French Guiana. ‘Mohammed VI – B’ satellite is a high-resolution Earth-observation satellite. It will be used for mapping and land surveying, regional development, agricultural monitoring, prevention and management of natural disasters, and mine exploration.
Alia Bhatt appointed as brand ambassador
Uber Eats has appointed actor Alia Bhatt as its brand ambassador in India on 22 November 2018. India is the first country for Uber Eats globally where the company has appointed a brand ambassador. Uber Eats is the food delivery arm of Uber and was launched in India in May 2017. The food delivery service is available across 37 cities in India.
Bank credit grew by 14.88% & deposits by 9.13%
According to the RBI data, bank credit rose by 14.88% to Rs 91.11 lakh crore in the fortnight ended 9 November 2018. The deposits grew by 9.13% to Rs 118.25 lakh crore. In the previous fortnight ended October 26, 2018, credit had grown by 14.57% to Rs 90.37 lakh crore, while deposits rose by 9.01% to Rs 117.71 lakh crore. In September 2018, the non-food credit rose by 11.3%.
Vimal Chandra won the Young Scientist award
IIT Roorkee Professor Vimal Chandra Srivastava has won the ‘NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Award 2018’ in ‘Environmentally Sound Sustainable Development’ category. He has been given the award for his work on Industrial Wastewater Treatment, Clean Liquid Fuels, and Multi-component Adsorption. The Award was instituted by Elsevier in the year 2006.
MoU between India and Tajikistan approved
On 22 November 2018, the Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Tajikistan on Cooperation on Youth Matters. The areas of cooperation include exchanges of youth, representatives of youth organisations, and Government officials in-charge of youth policy-making. The MoU shall remain valid for a period of five years.
MoU between India and Mauritius approved
On 22 November 2018, the Union Cabinet has approved Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Mauritius on Consumer Protection and Legal Metrology. The MoU is beneficial for bilateral relations of both the countries. It will help in expanding cooperation in the field of consumer protection and will provide an institutional mechanism for the exchange of information.
Allied & healthcare professions Bill approved
On 22 November 2018, the Union Cabinet approved the Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill 2018. The aim of the bill is to regulate and standardise the education and services provided by allied and healthcare professionals. The Bill provides for setting up of an Allied and Healthcare Council of India. The allied and healthcare professionals include physiotherapists, nutritionists etc.
‘Brahmaputra Valley Film Festival’ from 28 Nov
The sixth edition of the ‘Brahmaputra Valley Film Festival’ will begin in Assam on 28 November 2018. The aim of the festival is to promote cinema of the Northeastern region of India. ‘Spring Thunder’ will be the opening film of the festival and Assamese Film ‘Bornodi Bhotiai’, will be the concluding film of the festival.
2 fast patrol vessels for CG launched
Two fast patrol vessels manufactured by ‘Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers’ (GRSE) for Indian Coast Guard were launched on 22 November 2018. The vessels have been named ICGS Amrit Kaur and ICGS Kamla Devi. The vessels are fitted with state-of-the-art main engines with advanced control systems with modular accommodation for 35 personnel.
Nepal’s largest exhibition ConMac 2018 begins
Nepal’s largest exhibition on construction equipment and technology ‘ConMac 2018’ began on 22 November 2018 in Kathmandu. The 3 day mega event is organised by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in association with Embassy of India in Nepal. The exhibition is showcasing, mainly heavy equipment such as dozer, crusher and concrete mixer.
Kartarpur corridor project approved
Union Cabinet has approved building and development of the Kartarpur corridor from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district to International Border. It will provide a smooth and easy passage to pilgrims to visit Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Kartarpur throughout the year. Kartarpur corridor project will be funded by the Central Government.
Government makes jute packaging mandatory
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given its approval to expand the scope of mandatory packaging norms under the Jute Packaging Material Act, 1987. The CCEA approved that 100% food grains and 20% sugar shall be mandatorily packed in diversified jute bags. The decision will give an impetus to the diversification of the jute industry.

Important Current Affairs 24th November 2018
Filmmaker Nandita Das to receive FIAPF Award
Filmmaker Nandita Das will be honoured with the ‘International Federation of Film Producers Associations’ ( FIAPF) Award 2018. The award will be given at the ’12th Asia Pacific Screen Awards’ on 29 November 2018. She will be presented the award in recognition of her achievement in film in the Asia Pacific region. She started her career as an actor in films like ‘1947 Earth, ‘Fire’ etc.
Forbes India Leadership Awards 2018 announced
The ‘Forbes India Leadership Awards’ was held on November 22 in Mumbai. The award honours the top executives of companies in India. Azim Premji, Chairman of Wipro Limited, got the ‘Lifetime Achievement Award 2018’. Vivek Chaand Sehgal, Chairman of Motherson Sumi Systems, got the ‘Entrepreneur for the Year 2018 award’.
Broadband subscribers at 463.6 mn at Aug.-end
According to official data by the Department of Telecom (DoT), India’s broadband subscriber numbers touched 463.6 million at the end of August 2018. The number of broadband subscribers stood at 460.24 million in July 2018. The total number of telephones rose to 1,189.17 million. Maximum rise in total telephone connections was recorded in Mumbai followed by Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.
Baishnab Charan Parida passed away
Former Rajya Sabha member from Odisha, Baishnab Charan Parida passed away on 22 November 2018. He was a prominent politician, writer, columnist and a social activist. Mr Parida was elected to Rajya Sabha in July 2010 and his term ended on July 1, 2016. He was president of Odisha Bhasa Suraksha Sammilani and had been fighting for promotion of Odia and use of the language in official works.
Musician Ustad Imrat Khan passed away

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