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          David Lynch: Someone is in my House - Bonnefantenmuseum      Cache   Translate Page      
David Lynch: Someone is in my House
30.11.2018 - 28.04.2019
Bonnefantenmuseum Maastricht

On 30 November, the Bonnefantenmuseum is hosting the long-awaited extensive retrospective Someone is in my House, by the American artist David Lynch.
Although David Lynch is undoubtedly a pivotal figure in the international film and TV world, his work as a visual artist is not nearly as well-known. This is strange, to say the least, as Lynch has always stressed that he sees himself primarily as a visual artist; a visual artist who came into contact with the medium of film during his studies at the art academy by chance. This encounter formed the basis for his career as film director. Alongside his work as a director, Lynch has always remained active as a visual artist and in recent decades has created a vast oeuvre of paintings, drawings, lithos, photos, lamp sculptures, music and installations. Up to now, this oeuvre has seldom been exhibited in museums. The Bonnefantenmuseum is not only presenting the first museum exhibition of Lynch's visual art in the Netherlands, but also the largest retrospective ever, comprising over 500 works by the artist.

About David Lynch, visual artist
Although the work of Lynch (1946, Missoula, Montana, US) might suggest otherwise, filled as it is with dark violence and sexuality, the artist and filmmaker's childhood was a happy and loving one. Lynch's parents loved to travel, so he led a nomadic life from an early age, which for him was an idyllic and safe environment. Encouraged from an early age to be creative – colouring books were forbidden in favour of using his own imagination – he ended up studying painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, in Philadelphia. There, Lynch developed his artistic vocabulary and themes that would recur throughout his future work. It also paved the way to his first mixed media installation with stop-motion film, Six Men Getting Sick (Six Times) (1967), which formed the prelude to his first feature film Eraserhead (1977). The rest is (film) history, and nowadays Lynch's films are modern classics.
Lynch's artistry runs like a thread through his life and his films. Throughout his fifty-year career, he has continued to draw and paint, even when his work as a film director meant there was little time to spend in his studio.
"I miss painting when I'm not painting", says Lynch himself in the recent autobiography Room to Dream."
In collaboration with David Lynch, the Bonnefantenmuseum is presenting an impressive retrospective of Lynch's multifaceted artistry. The exhibition includes paintings, photos, drawings, lithos and watercolours spanning the sixties to the present, unique drawings on matchbooks from the seventies, sketchbooks from the sixties, seventies and eighties, black and white photos from various periods, including the famous Snow Men photo series (1993), cartoons from the series The Angriest Dog in the World (1982-1993), audio works and some short films from 1968-2015. And for the first time since its creation in 1967, the all-decisive academy work Six Men Getting Sick (Six Times) will be shown in a museum exhibition.

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          Hilton Garden Inn and Hampton by Hilton Expand Company’s Partnership With Clean the World       Cache   Translate Page      

In honor of National Handwashing Awareness Week, Hilton Garden Inn and Hampton by Hilton announced a partnership with Clean the World, the world's largest organization to recycle hotel soap and bath amenities. Furthering Hilton’s 2030 target to send zero soap to landfill, Hilton Garden Inn and Hampton by Hilton commit to supporting Clean the World by providing recycled hygiene products to save the lives of those in need. 

As part of the global partnership that begins in 2019, more than 670 Hilton Garden Inn and 2,230 Hampton by Hilton properties in the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic will recycle discarded soap and bathroom amenity bottles to be converted into new bars of soap and hygiene kits. By recycling these products, Clean the World provides soap to those in need, ultimately preventing diseases within communities and reducing mortality rates around the world.

The partnership between Hilton Garden Inn and Hampton by Hilton with Clean the World is an extension of the pre-existing partnership between the global nonprofit organization and Hilton. In October 2016, Embassy Suites by Hilton, Homewood Suites by Hilton and Home2 Suites by Hilton announced an industry-first standard that has added over 1,000 hotels to the Clean the World program, diverting more than 397,000 pounds of waste from landfills into recycled materials. Hilton’s partnership with Clean the World has already helped distribute over 7.1 million bars of recycled soap to people across 127 countries. With this new commitment, Hilton will more than double the number of hotels it has in the program. 

“We have witnessed the powerful global impact Hilton’s partnership with Clean the World has made and how it continues to serve those most in need and inspires a sustainable future,” said Bill Duncan, global head of Hilton’s All Suites and Focused Service brands. “We’re proud of the work that has been done thus far and look forward to deepening our commitment to providing at-risk communities with access to soap while simultaneously reducing waste across the globe.” 

Hilton Garden Inn and Hampton by Hilton’s alliance with Clean the World is part of Hilton’s Travel with Purpose corporate responsibility initiative. The partnership supports Hilton’s goal to send zero soap to landfills by 2030 and cut the company’s environmental footprint in half through responsible hospitality. 

Clean the World’s mission to protect the environment and save millions of lives by leading a global hygiene revolution began in 2009 and since then, the organization has distributed recycled soap and other hygienic products to families in need, contributing to a 35 percent reduction in the death rate of children under the age of five dying due to hygiene-related illnesses. The soap is made from discarded bars donated by hotels around the world, then crushed, sanitized and cut into new soap.  Clean the World’s foundation distributes these soap bars to individuals in need or adds them to hygiene kits along with shampoo, a toothbrush and a towel as part of its WASH (water, sanitization, and hygiene) education and emergency relief efforts. The recycled bath products go to underserved communities to ensure proper handwashing and hygiene is encouraged to eliminate the threat of numerous preventable diseases. Hilton has worked with Clean the World since its launch to help overcome this epidemic in various countries, as well as in times of natural disasters, and now will further support the organization through Hilton Garden Inn and Hampton by Hilton.

“Hilton’s partnership with Clean the World has already made an impressive life-changing impact around the globe since we joined forces,” said Shawn Seipler, founder and CEO of Clean the World. “The very first hotel we collected soap from was Hampton Inn by Hilton Orlando-International Airport in 2009, and today, we are eager to keep the momentum going by extending our alliance among Hampton by Hilton and Hilton Garden Inn brands. Together, we can work to eradicate diarrheal diseases and pneumonia, the two top killers of children worldwide, in our lifetime.”  

In addition to its soap recycling program, Hilton leads many sustainability initiatives through Hilton's Travel with Purpose corporate responsibility strategy. For information on the company’s Travel with Purpose goals visit or

Read more about Hilton Garden Inn at and Hampton by Hilton at For more information on Clean the World visit  


About Hilton Garden Inn
The award-winning Hilton Garden Inn brand provides business and leisure guests upscale, affordable accommodations and unexpected amenities for an experience that is ‘Simply on Another Level.’ The Hilton Garden Inn Promise affirms the brand’s goal to make each guest’s stay better and brighter. Guaranteed. Team Members at more than 800 hotels in 41 countries around the world ensure today’s busy travelers have a bright and satisfying experience, starting with the first hello. As a recognized F&B leader, Hilton Garden Inn serves locally-sourced food and beverage at its full-service restaurants and bars, featuring cooked-to-order breakfast, handcrafted cocktails, and on-trend small plates. Hilton Honors members who book directly through preferred Hilton channels have access to instant benefits. For more information about Hilton Garden Inn, visit or, and connect on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Instagram

About Hampton by Hilton
As the number one ranked lodging franchise for the past nine years, according to Entrepreneur®, Hampton by Hilton, including Hampton Inn by Hilton and Hampton Inn & Suites by Hilton, serves value-conscious and quality-driven travelers at more than 2,410 properties and more than 247,000 rooms in 25 countries and territories. High-quality accommodations and amenities, such as complimentary WiFi, free hot breakfast, and On The RunTM breakfast bags, contribute to Hampton by Hilton ranking as a leader in its segment. Hampton by Hilton Team Members deliver friendly, authentic, caring and thoughtful service defined as Hamptonality, with guest happiness being the number one priority, backed by the 100% Hampton Guarantee®. Hilton Honors members who book directly through preferred Hilton channels have access to instant benefits. For more information about Hampton by Hilton, visit or, and connect on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Instagram

About Travel with Purpose
Travel with Purpose is Hilton’s corporate responsibility strategy to redefine and advance sustainable travel globally. By 2030, we plan to double our social impact and reduce our environmental footprint by half. We track, analyze and report our environmental and social impact at each of Hilton’s more than 5,500 hotels through LightStay, our award-winning performance measurement system. Travel with Purpose capitalizes on Hilton’s global scale to catalyze local economic growth; promote human rights; invest in people and local communities; and preserve our planet by reducing our impact on natural resources. Our strategy aligns with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Visit to learn more.

About Hilton
Hilton (NYSE: HLT) is a leading global hospitality company with a portfolio of 15 world-class brands comprising more than 5,500 properties with nearly 895,000 rooms, in 109 countries and territories. Dedicated to fulfilling its mission to be the world’s most hospitable company, Hilton earned a spot on the 2018 world’s best workplaces list, and has welcomed more than 3 billion guests in its nearly 100 year history. Through the award-winning guest loyalty program, Hilton Honors, nearly 82 million members who book directly with Hilton have access to instant benefits, including digital check-in with room selection, Digital Key, and Connected Room. Visit for more information, and connect with Hilton on Facebook, TwitterLinkedInInstagram and YouTube

About Clean the World
Clean the World is a social enterprise dedicated to the mission of saving millions of lives around the world while simultaneously diverting hotel waste from landfills. Clean the World operates soap recycling centers in Orlando, Las Vegas, Hong Kong, Netherlands, and Punta Cana and leads a "Global Hygiene Revolution" to distribute recycled soap and hygiene products from more than 5,000 hotel and resort partners. The organization benefits children and families in countries with a high pre-adolescent death rate due to acute respiratory infection (pneumonia) and diarrheal diseases (cholera) – which are two of the top killers of children under the age of five. Since 2009, Clean the World’s foundation has distributed more than 46 million bars of soap in 127 countries and has served over 10 million individuals through its soap distribution and WASH (water, sanitization, and hygiene) education programs. More information:

          Dutch court rejects man's request to be 20 years younger      Cache   Translate Page      
THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — Dutch motivational speaker Emile Ratelband may feel like a 49-year-old but according to Dutch law he is still 69. A Dutch court on Monday rejected Ratelband's request to shave 20 years off his age in a case that drew worldwide attention. "Mr. Ratelband is at liberty to feel 20 years younger than his real age and to act accordingly," Arnhem court said in a press statement . "But amending his date of birth would cause 20 years of records to vanish from the register of births, deaths, marriages and registered partnerships. This would have a variety of undesirable legal and societal implications.
          They Called Her “the Che Guevara of Abortion Reformers”      Cache   Translate Page      

There was nothing remarkable about the small woman carrying a box of leaflets—certainly nothing to justify the clutch of reporters waiting for her across from San Francisco’s Federal Building on a July morning in 1966. Still, there they were. She arrived at exactly 9 a.m., greeted them, and began distributing fliers to anyone who passed. There were two of them: One was a yellow slip of paper titled “Classes in Abortion,” listing topics like female anatomy, foreign abortion specialists, and police questioning. The other—which she gave only to the assembled journalists and the five women who signed up for her class that Wednesday evening—described two techniques for DIY abortions. “I am attempting to show women an alternative to knitting needles, coat hangers, and household cleaning agents,” she told the reporters, adding that she had notified San Francisco police of her whereabouts and plans.

The woman was Patricia Maginnis, a laboratory technician and founder of the Society for Humane Abortion, an organization that she ran out of the front room of her small apartment in San Francisco. She’d started the SHA in 1962 (back then, it was called the Citizens Committee for Humane Abortion Laws). Arguably the first organization of its kind in America, its mandate was radical: The SHA sought to repeal abortion laws, endorse elective abortions, and offer women any resources it could in the meantime. These resources would come to include “the List,” an up-to-date directory of safe abortion specialists outside the country, classes on DIY abortions, and symposia where sympathetic doctors could confer with each other about the safest and best abortion techniques. SHA would eventually formalize its legal strategy with a branch called the Association to Repeal Abortion Laws (ARAL, which would form the basis for NARAL), specifically devoted to challenging legislation.

But on this particular day, and on this particular mission, Maginnis claimed she was acting alone, outside of her organization. The leaflets were her way of knowingly violating both a city ordinance and Section 601 of the California Business and Professions Code, which declared it unlawful to distribute information about abortion. She was also flouting Penal Code 276, which made it a crime to “solicit[] any woman to submit to any operation, or to the use of any means whatever, to procure a miscarriage.” The violation was the point: Maginnis had politely informed the police of her every move in advance. The aim was to goad the legal apparatus into an ugly confrontation that it preferred to keep as merely a threat; she wanted to make the system own the consequences of its laws. “I could get arrested for soliciting women to undergo a felony,” Maginnis told the alt-weekly Berkeley Barb, “but I feel it is necessary at this point to have a test case.” To get a law thrown out, you first need to go to court. And to get to court, you must be arrested.

She’d launched her leaflet campaign about six weeks earlier, and the police had so far refused to respond to her provocation (some cops would later tell Maginnis that they knew she wanted to be arrested—implying this was why they’d refrained). Still, things were going smoothly enough this morning; a man named Steve Hooper, writing for the Barb, described the women to whom Maginnis gave leaflets as ranging from neutral to receptive. Some wished her luck. (As for the men, they “seemed indifferent except for one old suit who said he wanted a leaflet for his secretary,” Hooper wrote.)

Then it happened. While the reporters watched, a documentarian named Gary Bentley interviewed Maginnis for 10 minutes with a camera crew. Content with his footage, he asked his cameraman to film as he walked up to Maginnis. Here’s Hooper describing what happened next:

With microphone in hand and cameraman turned on, he said, “I’m placing you under citizen’s arrest for violating Section 188 of the Municipal Police Code. What do you think of that?”

“Excuse me, please,” Pat Maginnis said, and she hurried after one more woman to give her a leaflet.

When the police arrived in response to Bentley’s citizen’s arrest, they did so unwillingly. They tried to argue that they weren’t the ones arresting her even as they helped Maginnis into a cop car. It didn’t matter. Maginnis’ “test case” paid off. San Francisco’s Section 188 would be declared unconstitutional, and the case against her would be thrown out in court. It was the first of her many legal victories.

A social history of American abortion shows two things: 1) that it’s always been around, and 2) that anti-choice efforts tend to intensify in response to women’s perceived “liberation.” This was certainly true when Pat Maginnis came of age. Women had joined the workforce in unprecedented numbers during World War II, and the 1950s were engaged in the genie-rebottling project of fetishizing traditional gender roles. One result, as Leslie Reagan points out in When Abortion Was a Crime, was a sharp increase in the (medicalized) oversight of women’s choices. A system in which abortions were decided between the patient and her doctor or midwife would eventually give way to hospital committees, which debated on a case-by-case basis whether women deserved “therapeutic” abortions. The discussions were humiliating and sometimes even coercive, particularly when they concerned lower-income women and women of color: It wasn’t uncommon for committees to approve the requested abortion if the woman agreed to be sterilized. As medical bureaucracies solidified, hospitals started reporting abortions (and attempted abortions) to police.

That this compromised women’s privacy and subjected their health care to literal policing barely registered in these discussions, which tended overwhelmingly to prioritize the physicians’ perspective rather than women’s needs. Doctors worried about the semilegal status of “therapeutic” abortions, but they also didn’t like committees telling them what to do with their patients. In either case, the debate revolved around doctors’ preferences and anxieties. There were plenty of organizations trying to reform abortion laws, ranging from Planned Parenthood—which in 1955 held an “abortion conference” to address possible reform efforts—to the California Committee to Legalize Abortion. Some abortion activists also chose to work within the existing framework: steering patients toward favorable hospital committees or training women on what to say to get “therapeutic” abortions, whether by emphasizing excessive vomiting or offering up stories that would earn them permission on psychiatric grounds.

Maginnis aimed for more than reform. She wanted a total system overhaul. As a figure in feminist history, Maginnis, now 90 years old, may not loom as large as a Margaret Sanger or a Betty Friedan. But while she’s finally getting some belated recognition, she was never particularly interested in taking credit for her work. Nor was she much invested in making herself or her positions respectable or palatable to mainstream culture. This may have made her an awkward figure for a movement that was then treading delicate territory. And yet, a decade before Roe, with her ungainly activism, her proclivity for wearing clothes she’d found on the street, and her righteous, unquenchable rage, Maginnis helped to fundamentally reshape the abortion debate into the terms we’re still using today. She was the first to take a passionate, public stance arguing that the medical stranglehold over women’s reproductive lives was corrosive. And the Society for Humane Abortion was arguably the very first American organization to advocate a pro-choice position that centered the woman, instead of the legal dilemmas of the physician—specifically, her right to privacy and choice. Rejecting the finicky gatekeeping protocols, the committees and evaluations and red tape, Maginnis proposed that the only question anyone should ask prior to approving an abortion was a simple one: whether the woman wanted it.

* * *

Pat Maginnis grew up with six siblings in Okarche, Oklahoma, during the Great Depression. Her father, a veterinarian, barely scraped by. Her family’s troubles were compounded by Catholic strictures: Her mother had converted in order to marry her father and—because birth control was not an option—consequently continued having children long after the doctors advised against it. “She had constant ‘female trouble,’ ” Maginnis says, recalling her mother’s unhappiness and pain. “I don’t know what that meant, but she had constant problems.” Her father, the illegitimate son of an opera singer, was differently scarred by the vagaries of unplanned pregnancy. “My grandma was on her way to be a star,” Maginnis says, “but she got pregnant. And apparently pregnancy was just a killer of dreams.” Her father never got over the humiliating circumstances of his birth. “He was a good soul, but forever tortured because he had been conceived out of wedlock.”

It’s hard to separate Maginnis’ refusal to become a parent herself from the misery that this litany of reproductive events inflicted on her family. Maginnis says that her father was so abusive that her older brother confessed to her that growing up he’d feared for his life more than once. Her family was not, in consequence (and despite its size and religious piety), particularly close. Some years after she started the SHA, her mother sent her a letter: “Dear Patricia,” Maginnis reads now, affecting a formal, slightly prissy voice, “I was thinking you must be about 40 years old. I do think you could do something besides teaching these girls to commit murder. P.S. If you come this way, do look us up. Love, Mother.”

It was a sufficiently chilly relationship—and Maginnis was so eager to get away—that she describes her banishment to a boarding school as a relief and remembers her mother’s trip to visit her in California with some acidity. “I never talked to her about my sex life,” Maginnis says. I’d asked whether she ever discussed abortion with her mother; that her answer took this form surprised me slightly. I wouldn’t necessarily have used the phrase “sex life” (which, to me, connotes pleasure) to include abortions. But Maginnis would; in fact, that was sort of her point. Any campaign for elective abortion is, of course, at least in part aimed at granting that women, too, might find joy and delight in sex (rather than just pain, danger, and obligation). As a guilt-ridden ex-Catholic myself, I was both baffled and impressed by Maginnis’ immunity to the shame that ailed her family: How does a soft-spoken, scrupulously polite Oklahoma girl who attended Catholic schools with strict Catholic parents shed her sexual guilt to become not just sexually adventurous, but a pioneer in activist lawbreaking?

When Maginnis was growing up, the family’s house looked out on a highway where convoys of young soldiers would pass during World War II. The Maginnis girls didn’t date, but, Pat says, “I was bursting with hormones.” She gasps at the memory of a convoy of young men passing her house: “Oh, I was just—I ran in the house, and I grabbed a pink satin bedspread. … In about five minutes, I made a halter.” Her parents came home to find their 14-year-old busily waving at trucks filled with men in her pink halter. When she saw her parents, she ran back inside and changed back into her gray togs, but it was no good: She was sent to a convent school. “I was naughty,” she says. But as with all these sorts of stories, the prudery only half-strangled her desire.

Instead of going straight to college like her sisters, she went to work in a lab at the Bureau of Mines in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and funded her own sea voyage to the Netherlands to meet a longtime pen pal and notional fiancé. They did not marry in the end. (“I knew that the intimacy required and the responsibilities and the thought of children I couldn’t face,” she says. “I decided that marriage was not for me.”) Then, partly because a friend told her the uniforms were cute, she joined the Women’s Army Corps. She was stationed at Fort Bragg in North Carolina until she was spotted walking with a black soldier: “The captain called me in and scolded me. She said, ‘You’re setting a bad example for young white women who might join the military.’ ” She was shipped off to Panama as punishment.

During those two years in Central America, she experienced a different kind of discrimination. She’d trained as a surgical technician, but instead of being allowed to work in surgery as she’d hoped, she was assigned to the pediatrics and obstetrics wards—the realm of women. There, she was exposed to women suffering from botched abortions, women being forced to give birth, infants with terrible abnormalities. What she didn’t get in surgical experience, she got in perspective. “A general overview of the status of women,” as she puts it to me. “And I wasn’t at all happy with it.” Then she went to college at San Jose State—and got pregnant. She’d been fitted for a diaphragm. Used foam. None of it worked.

Maginnis is amiable and funny. She has a gift for impressions and chuckles ruefully at things I find sad or hard to hear. But when I ask her about her decision to terminate, she speaks with real anger—present-tense anger she still feels, decades later. “I was not in the family-ing business, and a child coming from me was not going to happen,” she tells me. “I simply thought my parents were ruthlessly forced into parenthood, and they … took it. They accepted it,” she says. “My mother would tell you she enjoyed having children. I didn’t go through childhood with that impression.”

She got her first abortion in Mexico and swore to herself that she would never again leave her own country to get medical care. She spent the next decade producing a list of legitimate abortion providers outside the country while also working quietly with those within it. Despite her best efforts, she would get pregnant twice more. But she would continue to have a sex life. And the horror of having to wrestle down her own fertility forged her into the formidable antagonist to the law that she became.

* * *

It helped, perhaps, that Maginnis was no longer young by the mid-1960s. She came of age long before the sexual revolution, which meant she had a particular experience of—and a particular fury about—what women had been routinely expected to tolerate. It’s hard for statistics to express just how urgent the abortion conversation was in the 1960s, or how difficult it was to even have the conversation, given the laws. In 1961, Los Angeles County Hospital admitted over 3,500 patients treated for illegal abortions. As of 1967, almost 80 percent of the women who died as a consequence of botched abortions were nonwhite.

From Dorothy Fadiman’s documentary “Motherhood by Choice, Not Chance”

Maginnis can’t pinpoint a single moment that turned her into an activist. She admits to once feeling great sympathy for a celebrity who was pilloried for needing an abortion, but it’s clear that there was no single precipitating incident. Her work, rather, was inspired by a slow and building rage. “What I saw was law, medicine, and religion were largely at fault for our problems,” she says.

When Maginnis launched her leaflet campaign, she chose a location that would maximize her ability to confront a medical community she saw as at best patronizing to women and at worst exploitative and controlling. The state Board of Medical Examiners had gathered at the University of San Francisco to discuss the implementation of hospital committees that would determine whether women could receive abortions. As the mostly male board debated the circumstances under which women could be forced to give birth, Maginnis was outside handing out information on how to abort without the help of the doctors within. She was shocked at how unseriously the board took their mandate. She told the Berkeley Barb that when she’d handed some board members a leaflet titled “Are you Pregnant?” with abortion information on it, they “twittered like a bunch of schoolgirls.”

This, she felt, was the collective effect of the laws and ordinances that made even talking about abortion illegal: The entire concept had become untouchable, a boogeyman. “The word abortion was taboo,” she says. “And I thought: That’s crazy. People won’t talk about abortion! They’re afraid to. I’m going to talk about abortion! ABORTION!” she yelled. “Women weren’t talking about it. They were afraid to talk about it.”

Maginnis wasn’t. She relied on logistical help from two women, Lana Phelan and Rowena Gurner, who joined her to form the Society for Humane Abortion’s central trio, which came to be known as the “Army of Three.” Maginnis was the fire, Gurner the strategist and organizational genius, and Phelan the organization’s eloquent mouthpiece. Gurner, like Maginnis, also worked full time, professionalizing the organization in her spare hours. She spent many nights sleeping on SHA’s floor. Gurner “had polish,” Maginnis tells me, her eyes lighting up. “She gave me $20 once. Now, Patricia!” she says, mimicking her. “You go buy a new dress for this occasion, and don’t bring something that you found on the street or in the thrift store!

Gurner’s gift for strategy and Maginnis’ grit turned the leafleting plan into an all-out, accelerating assault on laws they saw as punitive or unjust—using themselves as bait. “I plan to leaflet for abortion until they get sick of me and arrest me or repeal the law,” Maginnis had announced to the Berkeley Barb when she launched her campaign on June 16, 1966. Her initial plan had been to distribute a thousand leaflets. A week later, when she hadn’t been arrested, she escalated. “My minimum goal is to distribute 50,000 leaflets by July 25, telling women where they can get abortions,” she announced through the press. When she finally was arrested (in late July, thanks to that “citizen’s arrest” by Gary Bentley), she caused the city ordinance under which she was arrested to be ruled unconstitutional. She had no intention of stopping there. “I was arrested under a local ordinance,” she told the Barb in 1966. “Now it’s the state laws that need changing.”

When the San Mateo County district attorney announced that if Maginnis and Gurner showed up, he intended to enforce California’s state law forbidding the dissemination of written matter on abortions, the pair immediately arranged a class in San Mateo that covered abortion laws and DIY abortions. As Gurner put it to the Barb: “We just want to get this law on trial. … We obviously and willingly broke the law. And we did it so that no DA could weasel out because of ‘insufficient evidence.’ ” It worked. They were arrested on Feb. 20, 1967, and faced (according to the Barb) a sentence of five to seven years in state prison if found guilty. While their hearing was in progress—in a courthouse in Redwood City—an unrepentant Gurner and Maginnis advertised that they were still looking for a place in Berkeley they could rent on Thursday nights to hold more abortion classes. (The room needed to hold 50 people, and they were willing to pay $10 a night.)

It took six years from their 1967 arrests for Maginnis and Gurner’s efforts to pay off. Initially, both women were convicted of violating Section 601 of the California Business and Professions Code—the state statute that made it unlawful to advertise abortion. But in 1973, the state Court of Appeals overturned their convictions, ruling that Section 601 was overly broad—for one thing, it “does not distinguish between abortions which are permitted and those which are not”—and thus unconstitutional.

The Army of Three hadn’t been trying to get arrested merely as a matter of strategy: They had real information to distribute, information that was hardest to obtain for women who weren’t rich. Maginnis was incensed by a medical consensus that effectively discriminated against the poor. “The medical profession’s committee idea of legalized abortion is very discriminatory,” she told the Barb. “It will help those with lots of money or contacts, not the majority of women.” Lower-income women suffered—like the third member of the Army of Three, Phelan, who struggled to collect the $50 she needed for an illegal abortion. Women in search of abortions were also easy to exploit. According to Maginnis, some parties whose phone numbers and addresses were being circulated (or sold) as abortion providers weren’t actually doctors. This discovery, and the accompanying stories of botched abortions and sexually exploitative abortionists, spurred her to create “the List.” Essentially a Yelp for abortion seekers, the List offered a continuously updated and reliable list of qualified abortion providers in Japan, Sweden, and Mexico. The Jane Collective in Chicago would follow suit a few years later, performing the abortions themselves.

By 1969, the Society for Humane Abortion claimed to have sent 12,000 women out of the country to get abortions from reliable, trustworthy providers. To give you a sense of just how necessary the List was, here’s an excerpt from one List user’s earlier attempt to obtain an abortion domestically (as printed in a set of letters to ARAL published by the Los Angeles Free Press): “I was two weeks along then and he made me wait until I was 3 months along. Then he said it was too late to get any help from anyone but he would do it if I would sleep with him!” The classes SHA organized instructed women on every aspect of an abortion: how to schedule one, how to prepare, what to expect, how it was done, how to respond to police interrogations if you had to be hospitalized, and how—if you couldn’t travel—to perform your own.

The classes sometimes included DIY abortion kits with items like gauze, a thermometer, cotton, and a syringe. Maginnis was by all accounts a vivid teacher. Newspapers reported that she lectured using an IUD for a pointer and that she “graphically illustrated the dangers of unsanitary abortion by holding up anal bacteria cultures and infected blood samples.” The class taught women female anatomy. It instructed them on how to calculate how many weeks pregnant they were. It instructed them on exactly how to call for an appointment (the woman, not the man, should place the call).

These classes were understood by many to be essential but legally risky. When the Los Angeles Free Press took the bold step of republishing the entire class’s contents across several pages of an October 1967 issue, the layout was anxiously peppered with editor’s notes and legal disclaimers like: “The Free Press can not and does not advise women who are not legally entitled to an abortion to follow the advice of Pat Maginnis.”

The Society for Humane Abortion didn’t interact much with the feminist movement or Planned Parenthood directly, at least at first. “It was too touchy,” Maginnis says. In the SHA’s early days, Planned Parenthood was more invested in advocating for contraception than abortion. Margaret Sanger’s theory was that abortion would become unnecessary if women had sufficient access to contraception. Maginnis disagreed. “Margaret Sanger, bless her,” she says. “We can’t thank her enough for Planned Parenthood, but it isn’t enough.” Under Maginnis’ leadership, the SHA spoke out—and in certain regards, provoked change—in ways Planned Parenthood wouldn’t. “We used to say we made Planned Parenthood respectable,” Maginnis laughs.

Her admiration of Sanger, though, is genuine. “Sanger took rotten eggs and tomatoes and rotten fruit thrown at her when she went out, and I don’t think people know that today,” she says. She understood that an organization with Planned Parenthood’s institutional heft needed to keep some distance from the SHA; Maginnis’ strategy of flagrantly flouting the law had made her something of a too-hot-to-handle legend.

When the Therapeutic Abortion Act was signed into law by California Gov. Ronald Reagan in 1967, the Army of Three planned a program of civil disobedience. The act, an unhappy compromise between groups whose politics hadn’t yet coalesced into well-defined positions like “pro-choice” and “pro-life,” ostensibly aimed to make legal abortion more widely available. (National Review called the signing of this bill Reagan’s “darkest hour.”) Abortion at the time was only legal to save the life of the mother; the act made “therapeutic” abortion legal in cases that would “gravely impair” women’s mental as well as physical health. But it also added a draconian 20-week limitation and required that any medical committee discussion of a prospective abortion for reasons of rape or incest include the relevant district attorney. Functionally, as even some attorneys at the time argued, it meant that wealthy women (who dealt with private hospitals) would have access to abortions, whereas women in public hospitals would be bound by a more conservative take on the law: They would need to show sufficiently “severe” mental distress—like psychosis—to obtain a legal abortion. (“How much for a psychosis?” reads a political cartoon Maginnis once drew, depicting a patient asking a psychiatrist for a diagnosis that would legitimize a therapeutic abortion.)

“We’re going to instruct women in the arts of phony psychosis and false hemorrhage,” Pat Maginnis told reporters. “This unbelievable piece of legislative slop must be violated to the point that the medical profession and legislature is pressured into accepting more modern abortion techniques.” ARAL issued a leaflet asking members of Congress whether they would request permission to get a vasectomy or treatment for venereal disease from a panel of female doctors.

It was a combative stance—and a sign of SHA’s uncompromising position on the right to choose—for a bill that Planned Parenthood, among others, now credits with being among the first to functionally legalize abortion.

* * *

The “Che Guevara of abortion reformers,” as alt-weeklies called her at the time, now seems like an unlikely avatar of female rage. When I visited her at her home this summer, I found a 90-year-old woman who laughs a lot and peppers her speech with gentle exclamations. “Oh, my goodness,” she chuckles, remembering the time she invited police to attend a class she was teaching on DIY abortions—and they asked her to pay $3 an hour for a female officer’s time. “I think a policewoman did show up, but more out of personal interest,” Maginnis says wryly. She conveys a bemused mildness I found hard to reconcile with the working-class firebrand I’d expected.

But there’s no real contradiction here: The woman who said “excuse me” to the man detaining her in 1966 is also the woman who faced down the San Francisco homicide squad in 1959 in the hospital while recovering from a self-induced abortion. Had she given herself an abortion? the police asked. “Sure I did,” she replied. “Want me to demonstrate how in court?”

In her 10th decade, Maginnis remains equal parts polite and independent. She lives alone in a house in the San Antonio neighborhood of East Oakland that she bought back in 1979 for a song (the owner had tried to burn it down for the insurance money). Until just a few years ago, when she gave her archives to a library, her house was filled with several decades’ worth of handwritten letters from women telling her about their abortions or asking for help.

In the ’60s, especially given the respectable caution that characterized organizations like Planned Parenthood, there was a radical politics to the matter-of-factness with which the Army of Three openly talked about their own abortions. And that matter-of-factness still feels radical today. The second time she got pregnant, Maginnis recalls, she was deeply frustrated at the prospect of being forced to leave the country again for an abortion. But by then, she says, “I had figured out, if I start just giving my uterus no rest, that fetus is going to fall out.”

Startled, I ask Maginnis to explain. She elaborates that her plan was to “squat down and take my clean, scrubbed fingers and manipulate until I could get it to rebel and kick the fetus out.”

“So you could reach your cervix?” I ask.

“Oh yeah, very easily. You probably could too.”

“Does that work?”

“I manipulated, I worked on it, and finally, at five months, the fetus went into—I went into labor. It took a long time and a lot of work.”

Five months of daily effort to induce an abortion, followed by labor and police questioning—all instead of a simple, fast, safe procedure. In telling me this story, she betrays none of the story’s weight; rather, there is a relationship between her tight understatement and her rage.

In interviews, Phelan was less circumspect and much more graphic about the horrors she endured because safe abortions weren’t easily available. After she had one child, her doctor told her another pregnancy would kill her but didn’t tell her how to avoid getting pregnant. When she did—as a woman, she once said, “you don’t know how to say no to your husband. That silly Bible says you can’t say no!”—it took her so long to gather the $50 she needed for an illegal abortion that by the time she’d saved it, she was four months pregnant. The abortionist—a woman on the outskirts of Tampa, Florida—stuffed her uterus with slippery elm bark and told her not to come back. She was at her sister-in-law’s house when she started to feel extremely ill. She’d told no one, not even her husband. As she recalled in 2004:

This is a thing you do yourself. And if you die and go to hell, it’s you that goes, not anybody else. So I excused myself to go to the bathroom because it was hurting so. When I sat down on the john and looked down, there was a little tiny hand protruding from my vagina and the blood was just flying, and I thought, “Oh my God, what do I do now?”

I didn’t take as long to think about it as Bush did the war … [laughs] I gathered up all the toilet tissue I could get in my hand and stuffed it back inside of me, pushed everything back up inside my vagina and just packed it. And got all the blood off I could and cleaned everything up. And then I went out back inside and said I had to go home because I was so sick, and that was not a lie.

She was 16. First came fear. The anger would follow. This seems to be a pattern: Restrict women’s rights, force them to suffer needlessly, blame them when they fail impossible tests, and you will eventually create unsuspected forces for change. “It seemed to me when I got involved wasn’t really when I got involved [in the abortion rights movement],” Maginnis says. “I’d been involved for years before, just not driven to do anything except be angry. In a constant rage over it. And wondering why women, in addition to myself, were in a constant upheaval.”

Was Roe v. Wade a relief when it was passed? I ask her. “For me it wasn’t a big relief,” she says. It had felt more like the expected course of events—reality inching closer to how things should be. But then she continues: “I thought, yeah, that is a good thing. Now, let’s hope we can at least maintain the healthy ideas of it being available. We don’t have to sneak, we don’t have to beg.”

If the Federalist Society—which supplied the list of judges from which Donald Trump chose Brett Kavanaugh for the Supreme Court—has its way, we’re in danger of returning to the times when women had to sneak and beg. Trump pledged during his campaign that Roe would be overturned “automatically” through the pro-life judges he would nominate. It probably won’t be so straightforward: The route the GOP is taking to greatly restrict women’s access to abortion has been circuitous, with progress marked by legal restrictions, by expanding definitions of fetal personhood, by permitting women to be lied to in the service of a single end goal. As my colleague Dahlia Lithwick has written, “women’s experiences, memories, and suffering don’t matter; their control over the truth of what they themselves have lived through is determined by those who win.”

Faced with a similar orthodoxy half a century ago, Maginnis and her cohort refused to let it stand.

The classes a modern-day SHA might teach would likely be different. There’s the internet, for one. The first time we met, I asked Maginnis what she thought women should be doing now, as the country seems poised once again to try to control our bodies. “I’ve thought about that,” she said then. “If I was going to reinvolve myself at this point, what would be the entry point? Kind of like setting out a map, looking for an entry.” She doesn’t quite have an answer. Yet.

It’s late afternoon on my final visit with Maginnis, and the warmth and long conversation have made the upstairs room where we sit feel especially lived-in. Her compatriots Gurner and Phelan died years ago. It’s not lost on me that I’m talking to someone who fought for reproductive freedom pre-Roe, at a moment when a Supreme Court justice has just been hand-picked to take it away again. In recent months, rage has been much on my mind. If over half of Americans stand to have a committee of men overrule their right to bodily autonomy after a mere 45 years, we can learn a lot from Pat Maginnis—about how women survived, and how they died, and how they fought. So what should we do now? I ask her again, as she raises the blinds to open the window overlooking the street below. “Keep talking about the issue,” she says. “Sure, not everyone is a brilliant speaker, but I think people have to keep talking about it.” She looks at me, her eyes bright. “Don’t you?”

          Personal Complexities Explored Through Monumental Murals by Hyuro      Cache   Translate Page      
Tamara Djurovic, who goes by the artist name Hyuro (previously), is wrapping up 2018 as arguably her most prolific year. With striking, diverse, and monumental murals painted everywhere from Brazil, Italy, and Spain to Belgium and The Netherlands, her output never looked more impressive and her aesthetics more distinctive. Growing up in Argentina, Hyuro was attracted to murals at a young age. Buenos Aires has a long tradition of culture surrounding public space, and murals have always been an essential element. More
          Firework injuries in the south-western region of the Netherlands around the turn of the year 2017-2018 - Van Yperen DT, van der Vlies CH, de Faber JTHN, Penders CJM, Smit X, Van Lieshout EMM, Verhofstad MHJ, De Rocket-Studiegroep -.       Cache   Translate Page      
OBJECTIVE: To report the number of patients with firework-related injuries treated in December 2017 and January 2018 in a hospital in the south-west Netherlands trauma region, and to provide details about the types of firework used and the specific injurie...
          Private LTE Market to be Valued $11bn by 2024: Global Market Insights, Inc.      Cache   Translate Page      
...PON2), By Application (Fiber to the Home (FTTH), Other FTTX, Mobile Backhaul), By End Use (Residential, Business [IT & Telecom, BFSI, Healthcare, Government]), Industry Analysis Report, Regional Outlook (U.S., Canada , UK, Germany , France , Sweden , Italy , Spain , Netherlands , China , Japan , South Korea ...

          ‘The Invention of the Antichrist’      Cache   Translate Page      

In the 1920s and ’30s, Karl Barth, the renowned Swiss Reformed theologian, began what became a decades-long critique of the important Polish-German Jesuit, Erich Przywara. But with the rise of fascism, their disagreement soon reached beyond the theology classroom and took on some of the confessional tensions of Reformation-era contests. Barth, looking at the growing appeal of Nazism, held that humanity retains little of the goodness it had before the Fall. Przywara, though forcefully anti-Nazi, was less bleak. Their debate went on for decades, and though much of it took place under the shadow of war and genocide, it ended up in a surprisingly hopeful place.

Karl Barth (1886–1968), the son of a Basel theology professor and violinist, was educated in the liberal Protestantism of the day, which followed Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1834) in emphasizing religion as private, inner feeling. Barth rejected this view when he saw Christians claim divine support for their side in World War I. His own teachers, including the prominent theologian Adolf von Harnack, signed a 1914 declaration supporting the German war effort. If this is how Christians interpret God’s Word when left to their own inner feelings, Barth decided, then the Word will be tweaked to suit private and political advantage. He concluded that humanity could not be guided by its feelings. We must instead adjust our thoughts and feelings to God’s revelation in Christ and Scripture. Barth developed his strong Christology in his thirteen-volume Church Dogmatics (1931–1967), and his views on humanity’s sinfulness became the linchpin in his debate with Przywara. Barth was also the principal author of the Barmen Declaration (1934), urging Christians to resist Nazism. He imprudently sent the letter directly to Hitler. In 1935, he was forced to leave Germany and took a position at the University of Basel, where he remained for the rest of his life.

Przywara (1889–1972), the son of a Polish father and German mother, was educated in music and theology in the Netherlands, taught in Austria and Germany, and was a rising star in Catholic thought when he, like Barth, began protesting fascism. In 1933, he explained that the Christian “Kingdom” was absolutely incompatible with the Third Reich. In 1934, while Barth was writing the Barmen Declaration, Przywara argued against church accommodation of Hitler’s government. By 1935, the Nazis had him under surveillance, eventually closing down his work and causing medical and emotional problems from which he never fully recovered. He nonetheless remained prolific through the 1960s, writing forty books and eight hundred articles and reviews, and influencing such thinkers as Karl Rahner and Josef Pieper.

It was Przywara’s work on human nature that provoked Barth’s initial criticism. Przywara set out his ideas in his 1926-7 Polarity and more fully in his 1931 Analogy of Being. But it was not Przywara who first came up with the idea that human nature partakes analogously of God’s “being.” That idea began with Thomas Aquinas. Its premise was that God is the ground and reason for everything. There could have been nothing at all, but instead there’s something; and the reason that there’s something is God. One might say God is what makes existence itself possible, from the existence of time to the existence of peaches. So something of God, the source of existence, can be found in everything and everyone that exists. God, Aquinas wrote, is “intimate” within us. In the charmed phrase of German theologian Christian Link, God cannot be found in the world any more than Charles Dickens can be found in his novels, yet he is there throughout and is the reason they exist.

But of course God is also radically different from humanity. We are material beings; he is immaterial. We live in time; he is outside time. Nevertheless, there is a kind of kinship between us. As Scripture puts it, we are made in his “image.” Or as Przywara puts it, following Aquinas, we are “analogous” to the divine “being.” Drawing on both Aquinas and Augustine, Przywara held that God is both “in us” and “beyond us.”

One important consequence of this is that, even after the Fall, humanity retains something of our original kinship with God. Because of our intimacy with God, we have the capacity to understand his Word. Przywara was careful to say what this does not mean. It does not mean we can develop moral living in our own way solely through human abilities. But we do have the capacity to grasp God’s way as it is revealed in Scripture. So grace comes to us “doubly,” through God’s redemptive work and through our created capacities to follow his Word in our worldly activities—for instance, in fighting for love and justice against Nazism.

This was what Barth would not countenance. In his 1931 Christian Dogmatics I, he called Przywara’s analogy of being “the invention of the Antichrist” and declared that “because of it one cannot become Catholic.”


For Aquinas and Przywara, what remains after the Fall is human nature, analogous of God. For Barth, what remains is God’s grace.

But this is not where the debate really began. In 1929, Barth had invited Przywara to lecture to his seminar on Aquinas at the University of Münster and, again, in 1931 in Bonn. The 1929 course protocols show that Barth’s reception was warm. In a letter to the Swiss theologian Eduard Thurneysen, Barth called Przywara’s presentation “a masterpiece.” Yet in two lectures later that year, he began to criticize Przywara’s position.

Barth’s issue was fallenness. He thought Aquinas’s “analogy of being” was a dangerous idea because it placed fallen humanity too close to God. Przywara, Barth said, aggrandized humankind, allowing us to imagine ourselves as “like” God, and therefore capable of acting rightly on our own. Any look at modern European history should dispel that illusion. In Barth’s view, the analogy of being downplayed God’s otherness. The only real bridge between humanity and the wholly other God is Jesus, fully human and fully divine. But the analogy of being suggests that human nature itself offers us another bridge to God. It suggests that, because we are in God’s image, we can understand God’s nature just by using our natural capacities.

Barth could not accept this. All we know of God and world, he insisted, comes from his Word and revelation in Christ, not from reason or other natural capacities. This knowledge is not “given to us in the givenness of history.” If we could figure God and the world out on our own, the Gospel would be reduced to a kind of public-service announcement reminding us to do what we already know we should.

This was also Barth’s objection to Augustine, whose work substantially influenced Przywara. Augustine included good works (along with grace) in the path to redemption. Barth feared that this implied a continuity between human efforts and God’s saving acts, whereas, in his view, grace and human effort are opposed. To save us, God sets “a barrier against all that is our own action” and “cuts against the grain of our existence.” The ugly grain of our existence was on full display in the politics of the day. Despite their supposed kinship with the Creator, human beings in Europe were flocking to fascism. If this was not evidence of man’s radical depravity after the Fall, what would be? Between December 1935 and March 1936, the Nazi police put Przywara’s offices at the journal Stimmen der Zeit (Voices of the Day) under surveillance and closed it permanently in 1941.

Przywara was puzzled by this line of argument. How did we get from Augustine and Aquinas to Hitler? Przywara had already written in 1927 that the analogy of being doesn’t suggest an undue similarity between humanity and God. It means only that the wholly other God reveals something of himself both in revelation and in creation. This means that our God-created humanity and God’s revelation cannot be altogether opposed as Barth had suggested they should be. They work together. To use the traditional formulation, “Grace does not destroy but supports and perfects nature.” Przywara repeated: grace comes “doubly,” through God’s revelation and the human capacity, endowed by God, to receive that revelation.

Barth, for his part, continued to insist that grace came singly, through revelation alone, but this yielded an unintended consequence. If we can rely on nothing in our created nature to understand revelation, how do we know that we understand it right? How do we know that our moral judgments, based on interpretations of Scripture, are sound?

Barth had painted himself into the same kind of corner that Immanuel Kant had. Kant had claimed that the human mind comes equipped with preset categories like length and time that we project onto the world. Because our minds conceptualize things as having length and enduring in time, we project those features onto the world “out there,” but the human mind has no direct access to that “outside” world. It produces only internal images—a “home screening,” in the theologian John Betz’s wonderful phrase. So how do we know whether that home screening is accurate? Like Kant’s philosophy, Barth’s theology seems to isolate fallen humanity from God—or at least to prevent us from knowing if we are understanding his revelation the way he intends for it to be understood. Perhaps another bridge between God and humanity—one that would allow him to communicate his will to us—was needed after all.

In spite of this weakness in Barth’s argument, his critique did prod Catholics to clarify their own positions. Gottlieb Söhngen, influential in advancing the career of Joseph Ratzinger, emphasized that we are like God only analogously: the analogy of being kept the proper distance between God and his creation. On the other hand, he worried that Barth’s position ruled out the proper closeness. It would turn whatever relationship we had with God into what he called “a purely external allocation”—an add-on rather than something foundational to human existence. No one, including Barth, wanted to say that. Everyone agreed that our relationship with God was a constant feature of the human condition. So what the analogy of being allowed us to understand, according to Söhngen, was our own nature, not God’s. To understand anything about God, we needed revelation. This was a small move toward Barth and away from Przywara, who held that our nature as creatures in God’s image does permit us knowledge of him.

Would Barth be persuaded by Söhngen’s overtures? In Church Dogmatics II, Barth conceded that if Söhngen was right, “then naturally I must withdraw my earlier statement that I regard the analogia entis (the analogy of being) as ‘the invention of the Antichrist.’” But somewhat cagily, Barth added that he wasn’t sure Söhngen’s views represented those of the Catholic Church: “I am not aware that this particular doctrine of the analogia entis is to be found anywhere else in the Roman Catholic Church.” In a sense, Barth was right. Never having been called upon to defend Aquinas’s analogy of being against a critique like Barth’s, the church had not yet laid out a thorough, modern explanation of it.

Hans Urs von Balthasar, Przywara’s student and the friend who, in 1947, brought Przywara to Switzerland to recover from maladies provoked by continuous Nazi surveillance, took up the challenge. In The Theology of Karl Barth, Balthasar defended the analogy of being, explaining that God’s transcendent otherness is undiminished by his intimacy in us. It is “a suspended middle” between an absolutely transcendent, unknowable God and an immanent, knowable God. Balthasar believed that after the publication of his and Söhngen’s books “Barth’s attitude gradually changed” to accept the analogy of being “within the context of an overarching analogy of faith.”

Was he right? No one can be sure. Barth did not discuss the analogy of being in any book written after Balthasar’s work was published. In his final years, Barth confessed to having said “nasty” things about the analogy of being. But at Princeton in 1962 and at Tübingen in 1964, he maintained his opposition to Przywara’s Analogy of Being.

Yet in his late works, Barth did incorporate a different sort of analogy into his own theology—not the analogy of being but of being-in-Christ, in his grace. He recognized that, without some analogical connectedness to God, we could have no basis on which to choose one sin-distorted interpretation of Scripture over another. To avoid relativism and hopelessness, Barth wrote in Christian Dogmatics III that humanity is created with the capacity, even disposition, to receive God’s Word and grace: our “being and nature…is destined, prepared, and equipped” for grace. This preparedness remains even after the Fall.

For Aquinas and Przywara, what remains after the Fall is human nature, analogous of God. For Barth, what remains is God’s grace. Because God was determined to redeem us all along and this determination always remained “in” us, we are equipped to receive Christ and Scripture and be redeemed. Moreover, because humanity is created to receive God’s Word, each of us can be a partner in God’s grace. While we cannot add anything to that grace, our faith can bear witness to God’s determination to save humanity. The one who bears witness in this way refers “not to himself, but to God who points him to his neighbor.”

This was a far more optimistic outlook than might have been anticipated from Barth’s oft-repeated opposition to Przywara. Looking at humanity’s violent record, Barth was right to insist that we could not be left to our own devices. Przywara replied, But we are not alone: our very nature connects us to our Creator. This prodded Barth to develop his own understanding of how God makes it possible for us to receive his revelation. In the end, Barth—for all his insistence on human sinfulness—did recognize that God must have given us something that allowed us to understand and respond to his Word.


          What Islands Are in the Caribbean?      Cache   Translate Page      

what islands are in the caribbean

What islands are in the Caribbean? And which island is best for planning your perfect vacation?

There are at least 700 islands, reefs and cays in the Caribbean, and every one of them promises adventure for travelers. Some offer all the comforts of home, while others are harder to reach and provide rewards for explorers.

To help you understand where everything is to plan your vacation, let's take a look at the geography of the Caribbean.

Map of the Caribbean

Lesser Antilles and Leeward Islands

When you start researching the Caribbean, you'll encounter two terms: "Lesser Antilles" and "Leeward Islands." These are major island chains in the region, and home to some of the most famous vacation destinations in the world.

But what exactly are they?

Leeward Islands

The Leeward Islands face the open Atlantic Ocean to the east, in the outer, southeast corner of the Caribbean.

The islands get their name from the time when sailing ships were the only form of transportation across the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and its Caribbean colonies. The Leeward Islands include Anguilla, St. Martin, Guadeloupe and other islands.

The Leeward Islands' counterparts are the Windward Islands to their southeast, including St. Lucia, Barbados and Trinidad.

In terms of where each island chain gets its name, in sailing terminology, "windward" means towards the source of the wind, while "leeward" is the opposite direction.

In the Caribbean, the prevailing winds, known as the trade winds, blow out of the southeast. Therefore, an island to the northwest, such as Puerto Rico, would typically be leeward of an island to the southeast, such as Antigua. As well, Antigua would typically be windward of Puerto Rico, but leeward of Guadeloupe and Martinique.

Lesser Antilles

While most people can easily name individual islands and nations that make up the Greater Antilles -- Jamaica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti and Cuba -- the Lesser Antilles can be harder to identify.

The Lesser Antilles, a chain of volcanic islands stretching along the southeastern edge of the Caribbean, also includes the Leeward and Windward Islands. So, the Lesser Antilles includes popular vacation destinations such as the Barbados, Antigua and the US Virgin Islands.

What About Turks and Caicos?

The islands of the Turks and Caicos aren't technically located in the Caribbean at all. Instead, we're in the Atlantic Ocean, and are part of the Bahama Archipelago, to the north of Cuba and to the east of Florida.

The Turks and Caicos shares many characteristics with the Bahamas, the country and island chain to the northwest of us. We share blue seas, white sand beaches, and a similar culture.

Caicos Islands by Satellite

However, it's Providenciales here in Turks and Caicos that is regularly recognized as one of the top travel destinations in the world. And it's Grace Bay that is also regularly voted the world's best beach.

All together, the islands of the the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Bahamas, including Turks and Caicos, make up the West Indies.

Popular Caribbean Island Destinations

The Caribbean and the West Indies are filled with tropical vacation destinations to suit every wallet and every taste. Generally speaking, your travel budget and accessibility -- how long it will take you to reach your destination -- are two of the biggest considerations when planning a Caribbean trip.

With those considerations in mind, here are several Caribbean destinations popular with people all over the world.

St. Martin

One of the Leeward Islands in the southeastern Caribbean, St. Martin is one island shared by two countries, France and the Netherlands. St. Martin is famous for its airport adjacent the beach, where jumbo jets fly low right over holidaymakers.

St. Martin is a beloved airport destination because of its direct flights from Europe and the United States, and its mix of French, Dutch and Caribbean culture. Unfortunately, the 2017 hurricane season left both the island and the airport significantly damaged.


While many travelers visit its neighbor, the Dominican Republic, Haiti is a mostly overlooked Caribbean destination. Although Haiti is quite poor, it has developed into a cruise ship destination with all-inclusive resorts. The history and culture of the country offers many opportunities for more adventurous tourists.

haiti tourism

While Haiti is quite beautiful, because of its location it also tends to experience more than its fair share of hurricanes from September to November. Travel between the airport and resorts can be challenging, so visitors should exercise caution.

St. Lucia

This isolated island hidden away in a remote corner of the Caribbean is a romantic paradise for lovers. Forested mountains tower above pristine beaches, and ultra-exclusive resorts hide among the trees.

st lucia pitons

St. Lucia is one of the more spectacular destinations in the Caribbean, but, even with direct flights from the United States it can be hard to reach -- plan on booking an entire day just on travel. The tree-top resorts are also generally aimed at luxury travelers with big budgets.

Turks and Caicos.. The Perfect Caribbean Destination?

Turks and Caicos, still largely undiscovered by mass tourism, is not only off the beaten track, but is also easy to reach from the mainland. It's about an hour by air from Fort Lauderdale to Providenciales (PLS), with direct flights to Turks and Caicos from other major airports including Atlanta, Boston and New York.

And, what's more, the beautiful award-winning beaches here on Providenciales have to be seen to be believed.

The average temperature ranges between 85 and 90 degrees (29-32 degrees Celsius) from June to October, and in an average year the Turks and Caicos has 350 days of sunshine.

The Sands at Grace Bay is located directly on beautiful Grace Bay, right on the beach. With our pool and spacious suites, we're a family favorite. We're just a short 15 minute drive from the airport, so you'll spend more of your time enjoying your vacation.

Every 4th Night Free

Between now and Dec 19, 2018, stay 3 nights at the Sands Resort and get the 4th night free. Learn more.

The post What Islands Are in the Caribbean? appeared first on The Sands at Grace Bay.

          Reactie op Guestbook door Frans Gzella      Cache   Translate Page      
Dear Paul, For a already a year I'm trying to buy your album "Dedication" by A Horn and Two Brass. Same applies to Martin Fondse & Mete Erker "Near East Up North", also seen at VPRO Geluiden. Where can I buy them? Sad that it is so difficult to but Dutch Jazz in The Netherlands.
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Really surprised this morning. Someone. I thought I met them again. Be security conscience. #france #uk #belarus #spain #germany #estonia #latvia #hungary #snypechat #bulgaria #belgium #ireland #greece #romania #lithuania #luxembourg #sweden #europe #slovenia #portugal #netherlands #italy #austria #england #denmark #cyprus #czechrepublic #finland #slovakia #russsia
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          Private international law in Japan      Cache   Translate Page      
Jun Yokoyama.. Alphen aan den Rijn, The Netherlands : Kluwer Law International B.V. [2017] -- Droit : EAJD Y54p 2017
          Damages for breach of the obligation to arbitrate : a comparative analysis of German, Swiss and English law with references to European Union law      Cache   Translate Page      
Lina Thieme.. Hague, The Netherlands : Eleven International Publishing [2018] -- Droit : EZHD T433d 2018
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Maeve Cohen, Co-director of Rethinking Economics, talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about her organization and its efforts to change economics education. Cohen, who co-founded the Post-Crash Economics Society, argues for a more human-centered approach to economics that would be less confident in its policy prescriptions and more honest about the significance of its underlying assumptions.

This week's guest:

This week's focus:

Additional ideas and people mentioned in this podcast episode:

A few more readings and background resources:

A few more EconTalk podcast episodes:

TimePodcast Episode Highlights

Intro. [Recording date: November 8, 2018.]

Russ Roberts: Before introducing today's guest, I want to correct an error I made in a recent episode. At the end of the episode with Alan Lightman, I read a quote from Tom Stoppard's play Arcadia. And in the middle of that quote Stoppard's character quotes from the poem "She Walks in Beauty": 'She walks in beauty, like the night of cloudless climes and starry skies, and all that's best of dark and bright meet in her aspect and her eyes'. Four beautiful lines. I pointed out incorrectly that that poet of those lines was Shelley. In fact, it's Lord Byron. They overlapped almost exactly in their lifespan; but that's an inexcusable error, though. I apologize to Lord Byron. And it's a particularly bad mistake because Byron, while not an onstage character in Arcadia, he does get discussed a lot. So he feels like a character. I want to thank listener Larry Guthrie for pointing out my misattribution. We've corrected it in the Highlights.


Russ Roberts: And now on to today's guest. She is Maeve Cohen, the director of Rethinking Economics, an organization working to reform how economics is taught and understood. And, that reform is our topic for today.... So, how did Rethinking Economics get started?

Maeve Cohen: So, I went to university in 2012--so, quite soon after the global Financial Crisis. And I was also studying politics and philosophy. And it was quite astounding to me, the way that I was being taught these different subjects. So, politics and philosophy was looking at different ways that you could view these things, and drawing on different value bases that you could have and really exploring the discipline like that. Whereas economics was taught as this one way of thinking about economics as if it's fact, with no [?] critical analysis of anything that was happening. And, notably, no mention of the financial crash that had just happened and was affecting a lot of our lives. And so, me, and some fellow students, a group called Post-Crash Economics at the U. of Manchester, to try and reform the curriculum at Manchester. And, at the same time there were groups doing this--we found out after the fact--all across Europe, and now it's all across the world--who were similarly very discontent with the economics that they were learning and wanted to campaign for curriculum reform. So, now we are 53 groups in 25 different countries of students at universities campaigning for curriculum reform.

Russ Roberts: And, you were at Manchester, in England. I don't think your experience would be that much different from a student in the United States. I don't think that the Financial Crisis had much of an impact on how economics is taught in the United States, either. Which I, like you--I find it somewhat surprising. I'm not as shocked by it. I think I'm probably somewhat equally disturbed by that fact as you are, but maybe for different reasons, that we'll explore later on. But, I think what has happened--if I had to guess, and I'm not an expert on this, but if I had to guess--I think most textbooks have responded to it by, say, adding a chapter. They certainly haven't re-thought anything fundamental about the way the curriculum is approached. And, so, I don't think it's much different in the United States than it is there. I think it's the same problem. And, of course, part of the problem is the fact that when you become a professor of economics, as I was for 30 years, you aren't trained in how to teach. You are trained in the ideas of economics. So, the way most of us teach is we go back to our graduate notes, from our notes in the graduate classes we took--because we didn't save our undergrad ones or didn't take very good notes, most of the time--and then we try to dumb those down and match some textbook that we've adopted. I usually didn't have a textbook, didn't use a textbook. But I certainly was heavily influenced by my professors in what I thought was appropriate to teach. And I think that's probably true pretty much everywhere.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. Yes. So, as a thing, contrast to the other disciplines that I was learning, in politics in particular we were giving reading lists, [?] on philosophy. Reading lists of lots of different thinkers exploring different ideas from different viewpoints. Whereas in economics, there's no reading list. You just get the Mankiw textbook and [?]--that's what makes up your class. And it doesn't encourage any sort of critical thought of it. It's just presented to you as this value-free science: that, this is what economics is; this is what economics always has been. Which--yeah--we feel doesn't produce the critical thinkers that we need. And when we are facing such stark economic crises like the global Financial Crash or like the ecological crises that we face, the [?] massive wealth and income inequality--yeah, this lack of ability to think critically about economics is, we feel, perpetuated in these problems.


Russ Roberts: I think most economists like to think of themselves as like physicists, but applying their tools to human beings instead of, say, atoms. And so, in physics, there would be no reason to read Newton. And so, similarly--because it's all subsumed. Everything that was right in Newton, we still teach; and everything that was wrong, we've dropped; obviously, there were things that were wrong but not capturing what we now know is a richer story. And we try to do that in economics as well. We say, 'Well, we don't have to read Adam Smith any more, because what was good in Adam Smith we've kept, and what was bad or wrong, we've rejected.' As if economics advances like physics does, through empirical testing and rejection of things that don't match the data. But, as I think you are arguing, that's really not what economics is doing.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. So, economics is a social science, and it's impossible to get rid of the complexity of it. It's impossible to strip it down to, like, a linear equation or to say that this is what happens--so, this model works in the United Kingdom therefore it will work absolutely everywhere. It's just not possible to do that. And, obviously, economics has developed from there, and there's loads of really interesting and nuanced work going on in the world of economics; but the problem is, we do not teach that to our undergraduates. And undergraduates are incredibly influential. Like, most people who study undergraduate economics will not go on to do a Master's or a Ph.D. They will go on to work in a bank or lead a big business or work in the media--

Russ Roberts: or vote--

Maeve Cohen: or work around a policy table. And yeah, yeah, yeah. And they have this really basic knowledge of economics. It's not representative of the world, and isn't particularly helpful in a lot of really important scenarios. And it creates this sort of economic common sense within society which is actually not helping us address some of the most pressing problems of our time.

Russ Roberts: It raises an interesting question--and this is a side-note. But, you make me think about the fact that Psychology, which is a very popular undergraduate major in the United States and I think elsewhere--I wonder how, the way academic undergraduate psychology is taught in universities affects our daily lives through people believing certain things about how the world works that--might be true, but might not be. How we see ourselves. It's a really interesting, I think not fully-explored question about how undergraduate curriculum issues get transferred into daily life.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. Definitely. And I think particularly with the discipline of economics. Because, economics is such an influential force within society. And, for example, if you are arguing for a policy--you've just had mid-term elections--you are arguing for a policy--most of these policies have to be backed up with economic reasoning. So, we have to be like, 'Yeah, but is it good for the economy?' And, so, what the sort of economic common sense is, within society, is really important. Because it allows, em, basically allows politicians to wield--and this is solved; maybe it's a different point about how economics is inaccessible and how a lot of the population are unable to engage with economics, so they have to sort of take this, this, this version of economics as given, because they are not encouraged to think about these things or it's not spoken about in a language that people can relate to or understand or relate to their lived experiences. But it creates this huge, hugely powerful discipline that's incredibly opaque. And that in turn can create massive democratic deficits. Which is another huge problem. So, I think: Yes, there is a problem, I'm sure in so many disciplines. Definitely Psychology; and that's really interesting. I hadn't thought of that. But because economics is such a powerful force in the world, I think it's particularly dangerous within[?] an economic curricula.


Russ Roberts:

Russ Roberts: And I agree. I think--even though we probably, you are going to see--we disagree on a lot of things; but so many we do agree on, which is I think extremely interesting. I want to summarize what I think are two of the key points that you've made so far that I think capture what I see as the approach that you are pushing. And again, I'm not--I'm totally in agreement with these. One is to make people aware that there are other schools of economic thought. In history. So, the history of economic thought, seems, should matter, as well as the diversity of thought in the current day. And then, secondly, the implication that it's value-free. Not--I think some of it is value-free, in the following sense. I think there are fundamental principles of human behavior that are agreed on by people on the Left and the Right. Even though they might disagree about what the implications of those fundamentals are, or how they get discussed in policy. So, for example, I think no matter what kind of flavor of economist you are, you might accept the fact that people respond to incentives. You might disagree about what the incentives are--

Maeve Cohen: Yeah.

Russ Roberts: You might disagree about the importance of monetary versus non-monetary incentives. I think economics of different political stripes can agree that much of what we see in the world we see around us is emergent rather than designed from the top down. Although there's, I think a lot of--there is some nuance there that people do disagree on. But the aggregation of behavior into what economics call markets is a shorthand for, um, how we interact, is useful. Now, we might disagree about how well they work. We might disagree about whether they should be left alone and what that actually means. But, to me, those are the two cornerstones of economics of any flavor. Which is: People respond to incentives. Which also implies that there is cost to action. There is foregone opportunities. Those two things, I think are undeniable. They have nothing to do with whether you are Marxist or neo-Keynesian or an Austrian. And then that--when we act, together, things happen that aren't just the sum of our individual actions. That there's a complexity that makes policy design challenging. And that we see all around us, that's hard to fully grasp without thinking about it in some depth. So: Do we agree on those things?

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. For sure. I think on the sort of complexity issue, yeah, I completely agree with you. I think that that is another issue that is not translated as well as it could be, in undergraduate curricula. Just, you are given a lot of, like, simple--well, not simple--they are quite complicated--but you're given a lot of problems that's, models, that don't really take complexity as the issue as well--yeah, they don't explain that as well as they could, I think. But, yes, I do agree with you.

Russ Roberts: Yeah, on that point, I once gave a talk to a group of Ph.D. economists--a high level, well-trained group of people. And I was talking about emergent order. And they were bored out of their minds. They said, 'Oh, look, we know all this: markets work.' And that wasn't my point at all. It turned out. But the way we have been trained as economists to think about complexity is: 'Oh, it's supply and demand, and we know how that works.' As if that stark, blackboard model--which I love, by the way: I have a lot of affection for supply and demand; I think it's a powerful, simplifying tool. But it is only a tool. It is only a simplification. It doesn't capture the richness of how our interactions actually work in the real world. It's a crude attempt to get at something that's important. But I think most economists think, 'Well, that is how--that's actually the real world.' And that's a terrible error.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. No. Well, I definitely agree. Like, supply and demand, and the market, and all of these things are incredibly useful. And using these tools have helped economies. And--yeah--helped people achieve great things. And done a lot of good in the world. But, yeah, the point that I try and make and the point that we're about is that it's not the only tool that you can use and actually in some circumstances and for some problems it's really not useful at all. And if we are wanting economists, of people who are economically literate, to be creating a better world for us all, they need to know more than just that sort of--yeah, that simplistic model.


Russ Roberts: So, two of the things that are behind "Rethinking Economics," your organization, are, you call democratizing economics and economic pluralism. What do you mean by those terms, and why are they important?

Maeve Cohen: So, by 'pluralism,' we mean, um, yeah--exposing students to the different schools of thought that are out there. And that's--that's--yeah--looking at first Keynesianism, looking at feminist economics, looking at ecological economics. And, and, and looking at the values that underpin each, em, as well as looking at the values that underpin mainstream economics. And then, yeah, being able to engage with these schools of thought--where they've come from and where they've got to, why they think the way that they think. And what that means for policy implications. Em, and then for democratizing economics. So, this is something--em--I touched on earlier about how we have a whole population of people that aren't included in these economic discussions. So, they don't--economics is so jargon-laden and elitist that a lot of people aren't able to engage with it. And then we get all these policy recommendations, policy proposals backed up by economic reasoning[?], and people don't understand the reasoning, so they are voting for policies that they don't understand. And that creates this massive democratic deficit. On the democratizing economics point, we have actually, so, an assisted charity called--because we realized it's basically impossible to reform university curricula--and democratize economics at the same time. So, we have assisted charity now called 'Economy' who make--they are just based in the United Kingdom, but they do a lot of work on making economics accessible. And crash courses for adults. They do a lot of work in schools. And they have website that sort of de-jargons the news. So, we've stepped away from that a bit now because it was too big a task to do--

Russ Roberts: Well, let's talk about the curriculum. Because, I think--again, ironically, when you listed those, some of things, approaches, that people aren't exposed to--my first thought is: 'But those are wrong!' and of course, you look at some things I'd like to see more; and I think, 'But those are wrong.' And I think, one of the lessons--

Maeve Cohen: But in a way that's not really the point--

Russ Roberts: It's not--

Maeve Cohen: Like, you don't have to be a feminist economist to benefit from the fact that actually, by understanding by that theory works and how it gets to the conclusions that it gets to--that in itself is an exercise that is useful, that is an exercise that helps you think critically and think more creatively. It's not just learning something by rote. It's engaging with the core of what that theory is. So, we--yeah--so, for example, we champion, like, teaching students feminist economics, for example. But then we also champion teaching students Austrian economics. Which is like, on the political spectrum, the opposite side.

Russ Roberts: Yeah--

Maeve Cohen: Because, there's a lot can be gained from these insights. And a lot can be gained from just doing the exercise of just actually trying to understand, why, when you hold these assumptions to be true, that we get these outcomes. Compared to holding these assumptions to be true and getting these outcomes. They are exercised, in and of itself, will create better, more thoughtful economists, we feel.

Russ Roberts: Well, I agree with that. When I was saying, 'That's the wrong kind,' I was being a bit facetious--

Maeve Cohen: --yeah. Yeah.

Russ Roberts: satirical. But I think, you know, one of the lessons here is humility: that you, one, me, person, does not have access to The Truth. And I just say, as an aside: When listeners write me and say, 'You have to interview so-and-so, because he or she has this model of how the world works that's correct.' And I always want to say, 'Well, I always think'--there's no one model that's exactly right. And people who are going to around saying--you learn some things sometimes from those people. But, they are also a little bit dangerous, because--

Maeve Cohen: Mmmhmm--

Russ Roberts: they are evangelists. And evangelism has value, as long as you are aware that you are evangelist. I think a lot of evangelists don't realize that. In economics, anyway. I don't know--leave aside the religious piece of that. But--


Russ Roberts: So, I think it's extremely helpful to be aware that you don't have a monopoly on the truth, whatever your value system is. And, in principle, your organization has the opportunity to do that. But you do have, also, a direct--you are trying to build a curriculum, I understand, that would be the richer or different than the current standard one: you mentioned Mankiw, whose textbook--and it is very good textbook for describing a particular kind of economics. Greg [Mankiw] would disagree with that, I think. He would say, 'No, it's just the truth.' But, I'm sympathetic to your approach. What is your organization doing in the area of curriculum, design, or implementation?

Maeve Cohen: So, we do--so, as I say, we were born of--well we are a student movement. And we are working in different ways. So, we try and produce research that shows that there is a problem. So, we produced a book called the Econocracy that was looking at 7 different universities in the United Kingdom and examining their curricula. And then we have student groups in different countries that have done the same. Their universities--the groups in the Netherlands have done it; Norwegians have done it--there's individual universities have done it as well. The Danes are doing it. The [?] which are exciting. So we are trying to do that. And we try and create alternatives. So, we produced a reader--an introduction to pluralist economics that was edited by our students. So, that looked at 11 different schools of thought and that--the point of that was, because of this problem of a lack of reading lists, that could be something that could complement economic courses and could quite an easy win for professors: it's just like, 'This is in the university library. Explore these different ways of thinking about university--about economics--sorry.' And then the students can also learn that as a tool for learning about new schools of thought. But, with regards to creating a curricula--this is--we are not really prescriptive. We don't want to say, like--like you say, we don't want to be the people saying that this is the way that you've got to do it. Every single university is different. We are in 25 different countries, as I say; and different--different models and different ways of thinking of the economy, more suitable for different countries. So, we haven't created a curriculum. Firstly, because we don't have the capacity, the amount of time and effort and knowledge and all of those things that take--we are a compending[?] organization, so we don't have those resources. And we only have 5 members of staff, even though we have hundreds and hundreds of volunteers. But, all of us, our groups are autonomous groups. And some of them are working on developing curriculas at their own universities. And it's more of creating sort of broader strokes: these are the things that you need to include; these are, it's just like the starting point if you are going to teach undergraduates economics. Yeah, for example, History of Economic Thought is an essential part of that economic history, is an essential part of the--em. So, we haven't, and we aren't going to create a template curriculum for people, because we don't really think that that's the way to go. It's more of encouraging our students to compare[?] at their own universities and do the projects that they feel would be most beneficial to them. So, some of them will be creating curricula. And some of our students are currently teaching curricula at universities that they've created and off the back of their love of pluralism. But, yeah--it's not a sort of over-arching thing that we're creating.


Russ Roberts: So, you mentioned two things. One, very quickly, in passing I just want to emphasize the distinction and their individual importance, which is History of Economic Thought and Economic History--

Maeve Cohen: yeah--

Russ Roberts: It's remarkable how uninformed we all around about economic history. Certainly--I got my Ph.D. in 1981. And I think I was one of the last--I don't think it's true any more, but--this was at the University of Chicago--and we were required to take, I think two economic history classes. I doubt that's true any more. It's certainly not true at most universities, and maybe almost at none. And that's a shame. Although, it's certainly more important I think for undergraduates, and for, as you say, sort of everyday people who have a, who've absorbed some kind of economic worldview, either from their coursework or their, just the air around them, the zeitgeist, to have some understanding of economic history. And, one of the things I find depressing about the United States--I don't think it's--well, you'll tell me if it's true in the United Kingdom and elsewhere--but we have this, um, this thing called the Advanced Placement Exam where high school students can get credit for college level classes by taking an exam; and then they don't have to--in theory don't have to take a class, if they get a high enough score, when they get to college. And, those--I don't think I would do very well in those exams. Which is either--I don't know if it says something about me or the exam or both. But, you know, my kids took them. And they would come and ask me questions, you know, in practicing for those. And I--some of them, [?] I would just say, 'I have no idea.' And I would give the answer; and they would say, 'Well, that's wrong. It turns out it's 3. It's c, not b.' And I'd say, 'Beats me.' So, one of the--that's a problem. That's a little strange. But the point I want to make that's, beside that fact that it treats economics as like it's just a set of facts and results, like physics, is it's extremely free of any context or economic history or complexity about the point you made earlier: that something might work in this country; it might not work elsewhere. It treats everything as if, like, the law of gravity: that it will work in Pisa, Italy as well as Manhattan. And that's just not true. And it's a terrible encouragement to, I think, wrong thinking.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. Yeah. I completely agree with all of that. The instance of multiple choice exams is--truly shocking. So, I was a [?] student. I left school at 16, and I didn't go to university until I was 25. And I had this idea of what university would be like: And university was going to be this place where everybody was talking openly with each other and examining their disciplines, and, like, bouncing ideas off each other--

Russ Roberts: [?] and dmahhhom[?], dmahhhom[?]

Maeve Cohen: And I got there and Econ 101, multiple choice exam was like--

Russ Roberts: [?]dmahhhom[?]

Maeve Cohen: this is nuts. This is not what I thought university would be. And it's quite depressing, really.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. That's a side-problem, I would say. Which is the focus on results rather than ways of thinking.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. And it's really difficult--

Russ Roberts: And that's what multiple choice does.

Maeve Cohen: It's really difficult. So, particularly in the United Kingdom, well, now, now that we've got--tuition fees have risen dramatically in the last few years. And that's the main source of revenue for universities, so that they--they have huge amounts of students coming to study these courses. So, in my Econ 101, there was like 600 students. And it's a real, real problem. Like, how do you critically engage with 600 students? Like, how do you examine that amount of students? So, this is where the multiple choice exams have come from--

Russ Roberts: Yep--

Maeve Cohen: and I can completely understand the constraints on academics; and it must be--it's really hard to square the circle. But, I mean, but it's essential if you want a functioning society, I think.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. I taught Principles of Economics at UCLA [University of California, Los Angeles] to 350 people, and I--I made a few decisions at the beginning of the class. One was I would not use a microphone. Which was challenging. But it kept my energy level up. When you are going to talk in a room with 350 people, you better have a high energy level.

Maeve Cohen: Well, [?], yeah, yeah.

Russ Roberts: Because otherwise you start mumbling in front of the room; and 310 of 350 are sleeping. But the other thing I tried to do, which--I don't know if it worked or not but I think this is extremely important--is that I tried to have conversation about the questions we were looking at with those 350 students. Of course, you can't let every person participate. And most of them don't want to. But there were probably 30-50 of those students who would interact with me in one--30 or so in any one class. Or 20. And then, it wouldn't always be the same, every class. But it's not so much that only 20 people got to talk. Three hundred fifty people got to hear a conversation, just like we're having right now. And I think it's the exchange of ideas and the way of thinking like an economist which is so much more important than what's the ratio of the, what's the marginal rate, definition of the marginal rate of substitution, today, dah, dah, dah, dah, dah. And so, giving over--you know, when I was a teacher, the thing that used to bother me the most, the parallel I would make was to astronomy. So, in astronomy you have this unbelievable, magical, awesome, wondrous poetry of the nighttime sky. But that's not what you learn in astronomy. What you learn in undergraduate astronomy when I took it is the dumbed-down version of graduate astronomy. Which is a bunch of results which I could just spit back on an exam. Whereas, the life-changing classes in any field, or the ones that get you to see the world through a different lens--and that's what I think economics should be and often isn't. Which is tragic.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. Exactly. And it really depresses me. I don't--I'm sure you've experienced this in your day, your apply[?] your whatever, and somebody asks you what you do, and you are like, 'Oh, I work in economics.' And they just go blank. And they are not interested. And there is this sense in society that economics is boring. People understand it's really important, but they also think it's boring. And it's like, 'Oh, my God, it's just not boring at all!' And then you talk to them a bit more in depth about it, and people are always engaged by--usually pretty engaged and excited. And it is--society has done this incredibly good job of making this incredibly dynamic and exciting discipline seem super-boring. And, that's--yeah--quite depressing for people like us, I'm sure.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. My favorite is, a woman was next to me on a plane, and she asked me what I was going to do, and I said to her I was an economist, and she said, 'That's too bad. My husband isn't here. He loves the stock market.'--

Maeve Cohen: oh, no--

Russ Roberts: And I wanted to say 'Well, that wouldn't have helped. I don't know much about the stock market.' And, but that's what people think. The other one I like is 'That must be handy around tax time.' Well, I hate filling out my taxes. And I'm not good at it. And that's what accountants and tax preparers do. Not economists. But, yeah....

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. I'm terrible at money--

Russ Roberts: Yeah. Exactly. Terrible--

Maeve Cohen: People always say to me, 'Oh, that's really funny because you're an economist'--

Russ Roberts: 'An economist'--

Maeve Cohen: Yeah.

Russ Roberts: It's not--yeah. I tried for a while to give a different answer. And I think I have forgotten: There was a period in my life where I would just, instead of saying I was an economist, I would, I would say something like--I forget what it was, but it might have been something like: 'Oh, what do you do?' 'Well, I'm interested in how things work from the bottom up rather than the top down, and how things emerge that are the product of our actions together but not any one person.' 'Oh, well, that's interesting. What does that mean?' Whereas, if you say you're an economist, it's over. Usually.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah.

Russ Roberts: It's usually the end of the conversation.


Russ Roberts: One of the things that gives me hope, and I don't know how you feel about it, and your organization, but certainly with the existence of the web today, people have access to so much more than what they are spoon-fed or force-fed by their professors. So, isn't that some cause for celebration?

Maeve Cohen: Oh, for sure. I mean, we wouldn't exist as a company--in fact, there's been iterations of companies doing similar stuff since the 1970s. I think one of the reasons why we've had such staying power is, yeah, because of the Internet. And because there is so much--when people get in touch with those, we can point them in the direction of loads of different resources. And we're talking [?] about exploring economics, which is, there's a network of, if German groups doing this same thing, and that this is one of their projects, and they have this website called 'Exploring Economics,' which has loads of online courses looking at different schools of thought, loads of different resources that we can point our students in the direction of; and yet it's, it's incredible. And we can communicate online. We can have a little reading group, discussion things, that are happening online. Yeah. It's--yeah--very grateful for the Internet.

Russ Roberts: And people can listen to EconTalk. Which--

Maeve Cohen: Exactly.

Russ Roberts: Hearing our voices right now is certainly taking advantage of the Internet. Almost certainly.


Russ Roberts: Before we leave some of these issues, I want to just go back to something you mentioned at the very beginning. You talked about how the genesis of your interest in these topics was in the aftermath of the financial crisis and that you were involved in something--the post-crash something--what was it?

Maeve Cohen: The Economic Society.

Russ Roberts: So, what do you feel, and what did you sense from people who were passionate about that at the time? What do you think was the mistake that was made, post-Crash? What was the opportunity that was missed, and certainly in the teaching of economics?

Maeve Cohen: Well, I think that after the Crash, lots of people went to study economics because it was so abundantly apparent that economics was super-important and was having a massive impact on people's lives. So, this is so, a perception of economics students that they--yeah, into the stock market and they just want to go and work in the city. But, actually, I don't think that that's true in general, but particularly at this time there was lots of people, and there are still lots of people going on to study economics because they want to do some social good. And, because of the way that it was taught to us as just this sort of abstract theory, that was completely detached from people and society, it lost a lot of those people along the way. Those people either became, em--they sort of forgot the reason they got involved in the first place. Or they dropped out or changed their major or whatever it is that they did. But I think the big mistake that was made after the Crash with economics education and the big mistake that's still being made is that there are lots of people that are--both the students are really thirsty for knowledge and want to do social good. And by detaching economics from people, which is how it is presented in most undergraduates, it's doing those people a disservice. And therefore doing society a disservice.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. There was an enormous interest, certainly here in the United States, I think after the Crisis. Because, we had had this prolonged period of economic--I would call it stability, slow or pretty good growth for a while--the recessions that we'd had were relatively small. Of course, people were affected by them. I didn't[?] they were small. But, for the economy as a whole, most individuals did pretty well. And there was nothing like this in our lifetime. And so, a lot of people I think did get a wake-up call. You know, one of them was John Papola, the filmmaker who contacted me, and we made the Keynes-Hayek rap videos. Really, those happened because--

Maeve Cohen: Hah, hah, hah, hah? Did you make that?

Russ Roberts: I did. With John.

Maeve Cohen: Oh, my God. That's great.

Russ Roberts: Thank you. But John--that wouldn't have happened without this film-maker--I was working in television at the time, started reading and thinking, 'I've got to figure out what's going on. Like, this is weird, this stuff.' So, I think a lot of people got galvanized. And if it hadn't been for the Internet, you know, they would have pulled out some not-so-exciting book called "Economics" that they found in a library. Would have put it down pretty quickly because it's not very accessible, as you've been saying. But for me--

Maeve Cohen: But yet this--Sorry to go on--

Russ Roberts: No, I just say, for me, and EconTalk, one of the reasons, one of the silver linings of the Crisis, was it did get a lot of people interested in what economics is. They struggled to gain access to it. As you pointed out. But, it does cause--it was a wake-up call for a lot of folks who weren't academics. Who weren't university students. Just say. And I want to know what happened. I want to understand it. In contrast to, say, the Great Depression, which was a similar event--much worse. But, at that time, if you think about being an individual in 1933, when unemployment I think was about 25% in the United States, or just absolutely horrific: What would you do if you want to understand it? You know, there was nothing to do. And here, we live in this time--doesn't mean everything's great--but at least we live in a time when people can explore things in unimagined ways compared to the past.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. Definitely. And: Academics can use this stuff to educate the students. And I think this is a real shame, itself, the structure of academia, is there's so much weight is put on research and producing good research that the teaching, like you were saying: You don't get proper training to be a teacher. And that sort of how you engage students. I mean, I had a few professors who were incredible and obviously really passionate about how they input so much thought into it. But they are few and far between. And if you have got all these pressures on you as an academic to produce research, you've got all of this, this bureaucracy that you've got to do with these students, then actually creating a course that's engaging and using things like, [?], which seems really obvious, is--you just don't have the time to do that. And so you do end up just teaching the same slides[?] you've been teaching for the last 10 years. They are just not engaging or interesting at all. And that's a real shame.


Russ Roberts: The other point is that--and I brought this up again; I bring it up as often as I can, I guess--in a recent episode with Anat Admati we were talking about the Crisis. And, unfortunately, many economics benefit either explicitly or implicitly from the status quo. They either hope to work for the Federal Reserve; they maybe consult on Wall Street. And so, they are somewhat compromised. And, we think of ourselves, economists, as these detached observers of the human scene. But, of course, we have our own self-interest. And I referenced then and will mention again now a conversation with Luigi Zingales, who makes this point, I think very eloquently, many, many times, and it can't be emphasized enough: Economists act like they are just these doctors who come in to repair and heal the economy. And, of course, we're not. We're something like doctors, but more like doctors who--you know, I have imperfect knowledge of how the body works, and who benefit, as sometimes doctors do, too, from certain types of treatment as opposed to others. So, I think it's just really valuable to be aware of that when you are listening to people give policy advice and other things.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah, and it's also a matter of the lack of diversity within the discipline. I mean, the vast majority of economists are middle class white men; and their lived experience is significantly different to the lived experiences of massive swathes of society. And so we can't hope for those people in those sections of society to be representative in policy decisions. So, this whole point of democratizing economics, that whole branch of what we do, one of the main driving forces behind our--is because we want to make economics relevant to people's lives and show them how exciting it is, and encourage them to out and study economics so that we can get a more diverse set of voices around the policy table. Which I think is--yeah, I mean, that's a huge task. But yeah--speaks to what you were saying of it.

Russ Roberts: Now, why do you say, 'Economics is detached from people?' That's a theme on your website, various versions of that. What does that mean to you? What do you mean by that phrase?

Maeve Cohen: So, we talk about individual agents maximizing utility, in a market. And there's no people in that. So, we look at the rational agent. And I'm certainly not rational. So, my--does that agent represent me? There's no talk of humans, really. It's--yeah. It seems that we're looking at the math and the theory and we are forgetting that actually these are people doing what people do, a massively complex dance. And, by not talking about the people within it, we make it less relayable and less human, and less embedded in the world.

Russ Roberts: But I think it's more than that. It's not just that it's not so relatable. And, we have to concede--you know, there has been a growth in Behavioral Economics, which does try to introduce some more complexity into individual choice, at least. I don't know how much of it has made it into mainstream curriculum. Do you have a feel about that?

Maeve Cohen: Yeah; I mean, it's getting there. There are aspects of progress with Behavioral Economics, for sure.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. I just don't know--I don't think it's--it's not embedded in teaching. It's sort of an aside. Like, 'Oh, by the way, this isn't complete--'

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. Not like a whole curricula. Yeah--

Russ Roberts: It's not obvious you can do that. But, I guess the issue for me, to take your critique about agents, rational agents, I think there's two things that bother me about that. It's not so much the behavioral part. It's not so much that I occasionally make mistakes--which, of course, I do; and we all do. We're all human. I think it's the--when you teach that model over and over again, that, it's basically--I want to give your critique its full due. It's basically saying that, you know, people are like programmable robots; we just have to get the incentives right. And I'm sympathetic to that point. Incentives matter a lot, as I said earlier. But I think once you start thinking of people like robots, you tend to start thinking of--or as programmable or as influenceable, which of course they are--you start to then start thinking that, 'Oh, yeah; and therefore I can make society better off by doing X. Because I can see--I know how people respond, and then I'll get this aggregated impact; and I can just add up all that utility or happiness or whatever we call it.' And I think that's a fundamental misunderstanding of the human enterprise. It's particularly materialistic. It particularly emphasizes stuff over how we experience life. You know, one of the things that, in last 2 or 3 years I've started thinking about a lot is the communal part of our lives, what I call our longing to belong. That our desire to connect with other human beings. It's totally absent from economic modeling other than in the corners of, you know, Gary Becker's work or others who are doing what has been called Economic Sociology. And, that seems to be missing out on like an enormous part of human wellbeing. And by focusing on the measurable stuff-which is--I understand the desire--we're missing an enormous part of the human experience.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. And I would--yeah. I totally agree with that. And I would go further than that. Like, I think what is happening to our environment is a consequence of that. Because, it's not quantifiable. You can't put--you can't put a number on the environment. And that means we've not been able to accurately analyze the issues, accurately understand or provide solutions to the issues that we are creating. Because it's just--yeah. It's outside of the [?] of the tools that we are using. And to do that effectively--and of course, you can doctor the tools you are using and try and fit bits in here and there. But [?] would be that, fundamentally that way of looking at the world is not the best way to look at our environmental problems. There are other tools we should be and can be using.


Russ Roberts: So, I want to stretch myself here, and try to critique my usual view of things. And get your reaction. So, in the United States we have this phenomenon--I'm sure you have it there as well in the United Kingdom, but I think it's more pervasive here. Which is, what are called Big Box stores. So, we have these enormous retailers, like WalMart, Home Depot, Lowes. And I love them. I love them all. I confess. I really do love them--in some dimension, anyway. I enjoy shopping there. They are phenomenal places, just to be walking around in. They are brightly lit, and their stuff is cheap, and there's a ton of stuff. Yeah--I'll never forget; I think I've told this story before, about I showed up late for--my plane was delayed and I had to give a speech somewhere, and instead of getting picked up at 7pm I got picked up at midnight; and my bag was lost, so I had no clothes. And the person who picked me up said, 'Do you want to go--do you want to get something to eat?' And I said, 'No, I need to get something to wear.' And so we went to a Super-Wal-Mart. I'd never been in one. That was about 10 years ago; and I still haven't been in one since, because they don't them--we don't let them happen around here, outside Washington, D.C. much. But it was an extraordinary experience. It was 1 o'clock in the morning. It looked like daytime, because it was lit like--it looked like I was near the surface of the sun. And they had everything I needed. And it was cheap. I bought a shaver. And I bought underwear. And I bought a shirt. And I was fine. And it was a glorious, capitalist experience. But--so that's the romance about, in favor. Let's do the romance against, on the other side. The romance against it on the other side is that, you know, small towns that used to have lots of other small retailers now have one giant retailer. It's far away. It's out in the suburb, or it's the wrong side of town where it's cheaper to build a large building. And the texture of daily life is different. Now, I don't romanticize the small-town daily life. Because the stores were not so clean and they didn't have much selection; it was really expensive; there wasn't much competition. There were a lot of negatives, too. But something has been lost by the move toward the larger suburban or exurban retailers. And, as an economist, my first impulse is to say, 'Well, people want to shop at those big stores; we should let them.' And there's issues of subsidies: put those aside for the moment. But, we generally believe in America, and certainly my economics training tells me, that if people choose it, it's for the good. But, something is lost. And the thing--the point I want to make, that I think I have to concede--and people like me, politically, ideologically have to concede--is that, it's not free, that cheap stuff. It changes the texture of daily life. And that, we don't measure. And so, I'm not saying it was a mistake that people make those choices. I'm just saying that the full picture isn't obvious. And I think that's not so good.

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. I mean--yeah. The price mechanism doesn't really work for things like that, because you can't put a price on it. And-yeah. I totally agree. I think that capitalism has brought such wonderful things and increased our living standards to such a great extent--but yeah, this stuff isn't free. And we are creating damage--we are damaging people by always being able to consume things so easily and so cheaply. We are creating pain in other areas of life. And yeah, so Rethinking Economics, I guess that's fundamentally what it's about, is looking at what the damage that currently isn't being measured, is; and how do we begin to incorporate that in our understanding of economics and how do we try and mitigate against some of the worst excesses of that. It's not throwing capitalism out. It's not saying, 'This is a terrible model and it's destroying the world.' It's saying that, 'Yes, some of this stuff is amazing and it's improved our lives massively, but actually there are some huge, gaping flaws here that we need to come look at again.'


Russ Roberts: So, I want to try and push this Walmart example a little bit. And again, I'm ignoring the fact that Wal-mart gets subsidized sometimes by tax breaks. Of course, other things get subsidized, too. It's really a messy, complicated thing to try to measure those kind of artificial encouragements and discouragements. I just want to think about the following. So, I really love--there's two things I love. I love Amazon. And I love a good book store. And I recognize that Amazon is destroying--has destroyed--lots of bookstores. And, even though I love the fact that I have a zillion books in my house, because of Amazon, and a bunch more on my Kindle, and that I bought those books because they were so inexpensive and easy to get into my house because of the web, I also like occasionally to wander into a physical bookstore and pick up the books and touch them and look at them. And, we all have a temptation to go into those physical bookstores, fondle the books, put them back down, and go home and order from Amazon. And, we would all say, most people would say, 'Well, that's fair. Because that's what markets are about. You make your choices.' But I think we could have a culture, we could have a social norm that says, it's not enough to say, 'I hope everybody else buys their books at the little book store on the corner, because that way I can wander in there every once in a while,' but I'll be buying most of my books at Amazon. But it seems to me we could have a norm that says--again, I don't want to penalize Amazon artificially. I don't want to give them an advantage artificially, either. But I do think we could have a social norm that says, 'If you value that bookstore on the corner, you might want to sacrifice some of your standard of living to shop there, because if you only follow the narrowest of self-interest, it won't be there any more.'

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. And I think that people do. We still have vinyl shops [record stores--Econlib Ed.] in Manchester. Like, we sell at vinyl shops across the world.

Russ Roberts: You'd better explain what those are, Maeve, because most people in America don't know what those--first of all, that's a U.K. word; but it's also out of date. So, explain what that is.

Maeve Cohen: Records--music records. Those big, black disks. We still have--we call them 'vinyls' here; we still have vinyl stores, in the United Kingdom, because people have chosen that--there's other things that they value about listening to music that go beyond just downloading it on Spotify. It's going into the shop, flipping through all the little records; taking out this huge disk with this beautiful cover and they're the things that they value. And I think that there is a huge counterculture and all different aspects. So, in the suburb that I live in, there's this vegan cooperative grocery store--this big store--that is thriving. Like, it does incredibly well. Yeah. Yeah. There's a Morrison's there, which is a big supermarket chain in the United Kingdom: there's a Morrison's next door. So many people go and shop in this vegan cooperative even though it's more expensive, because they value the--they share the same values that this store does. So, I think that, yeah, people do do that. If we could--I think that encouraging those sorts of things is an important part of getting this right; but obviously there are huge systemic barriers to this, so it's not just about individual choice. Like you are saying about Amazon. The ease of it all: there's a lot of things in place that make it far more difficult to do the shopping in the little book store, that we could make some of these things easier for people. I guess.


Russ Roberts: Yeah: it's a challenge. Because, if you are not careful, you end up supporting legislation that penalizes Amazon; and it's really done to destroy the ability to compete with those smaller players. And, I don't think we ought to do that. I think that's a mistake. I think we shouldn't be artificially helping or hindering anyone. I'm a big fan of creative destruction--despite what I just said. Which is the challenge, I think, of squaring my circle: which is, that I love the idea that the world is dynamic, and I don't want to slow it down too much. But I don't mind if we slow it down through our own choices. We are recording this in the middle of November. And every year, one of the things I absolutely have intellectual problems with is the Christmas holiday shopping argument that we 'need it for the economy.' And, of course, if people decided they wanted to spend more time sitting in front of the fireplace and less time working, and more time with their families, and the economy got a little bit smaller, that would be wonderful if that's what people wanted. If they want to work really have and have lots of--crap--they're entitled, we're entitled; I do plenty of that, too. I'm not being--but this idea that somehow we need it for the economy, it's just absurd. It's just a horrible--

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. It is really dangerous. Obviously, I am sure that you--we disagree on the whole--I don't think I would use the term 'penalizing' Amazon. Penalizing these huge monopolies that have an insane amount of market power. And I do believe in regulation and government intervention to stop that from happening. Particularly with regard to tax, and taxing them fairly. But I think--yeah, this obsession that we have with growth; and a lot of this is born of undergraduate economics education, that a good economy is an economy that grows, is complete fallacy. Yeah. We could actually stand to lose a little growth. We could stand to not--like, the amount of tat, you see at Christmas--the amount of gifts that I get--I'm just like, 'Why would you ever buy this for me?' I don't want this; I don't need this. But it's--yeah--it's good for the economy, so people have got jobs creating this tat; but people have got really badly paid jobs creating stuff that people don't want just so that people can buy more stuff just so the economy can grow. And it is completely backwards, and really destructive on people's livelihoods and just on the state of my livingroom, and yeah, on the environment.

Russ Roberts: Did you say 'tat'?

Maeve Cohen: Tat.

Russ Roberts: How do you spell that?

Maeve Cohen: T-a-t.

Russ Roberts: And how would you translate that, for those who don't speak English? Who only speak American? Junk? Is it junk?

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. Yeah. Just like rubbish. Just like little bits that you don't need.

Russ Roberts: Okay. Glad to get that straight. Love that word. It's like twee--another one of my favorite British words. Which means, I think, adorably, unbearably cute. At least that's what I [?]

Maeve Cohen: Yeah. And like, very traditional--

Russ Roberts: It's like a tchotchke. That would be the Yiddish version of twee. Well, it's a combination. A tchotchke is tat that's twee. That's our linguistic lesson for the day.


Russ Roberts: So, let's close with the fact that--where I think we don't agree, and try to get some understanding of why. So, we're having a great conversation, and I'm enjoying it. It reminds me of some things that I feel very strongly about that I sometimes forget about. It stretches me a little bit to think about where I might have my own burdens of my education that I don't think about that I carry around unconsciously. But, we don't agree--I think are on the more interventionist side of things, I would guess--

Maeve Cohen: Yes--

Russ Roberts: than I am. I would guess. So, the question is: I wonder why that is. Given that we both don't like many of the things about economics--I wonder what is the underlying cause of our disagreement. I don't know the answer; but I want to see what you can say.

Maeve Cohen: I've got a guess.

Russ Roberts: Go ahead.

Maeve Cohen: I think this is something that--when you were coming of age and when you were becoming an economist, economics was like on the up and in its heyday; and stuff was going well. And this science-cum-religion of economics was really in its ascendency. I had a completely different experience. And this is what we say--I'm slightly older than most of our students, so it works--I'll do the one that we say for our students, and then I'll talk about myself. But, our students were coming of age when economics was just collapsing down around our ears. So, they don't have the same, like, deference towards--not that I'm saying you have a deference towards; obviously you are very critical--but a lot of our professors, a lot of people that we argue with--and deference is probably far too strong a word. But they have this respect for economics that students, that the generation just below mine I would say just don't have. So they just aren't--they aren't as convinced. They start off a hell of a lot more critical than a lot of their professors do. Me, personally: I'm from the northeast of England, which was a huge mining community; and all of them, in 1984-85, there was a massive miners' strike, and the miners lost; and all the mines were shut down. And basically the northeast of England is one of the most deprived areas in England/Europe now. Because they did nothing. So, this was an economic decision that was made in Westminster, and they did nothing to try and rebuild those economies. So, the deprivation and the consequences of the miner's strike that I grew up around made it very--I started off very critical of economics, because I was like, 'Well, that was an economic decision and it done in the economic good, and it's destroyed my neighborhood.' And so, yeah: students definitely, students today are much more critical of economics, just because they never saw it when it was in its heyday.

Russ Roberts: I think that's potential

          (USA) Junior Business Development Manager      Cache   Translate Page      
Our Company The Kraft Heinz Company is revolutionizing the food industry – we will be the most profitable food company powered by the most talented people with unwavering commitment to our communities, leading brands and highest product quality in every category in which we compete. As a global powerhouse, Kraft Heinz represents over $26 billion in revenue and is the 5th largest food and beverage company in the world. At Kraft Heinz, to be the BEST food company, growing a BETTER world is more than a dream – it is our GLOBAL VISION. To be the best, we want the best – best brands, best practices and, most importantly, the best people. It's a Question of Taste Do more, be more. Whatever your aspirations, experience something exceptional at Kraft Heinz. We'll give you the freedom to determine your own direction and deliver in your own style. Outperform our expectations and you'll move forward faster than you ever thought possible. Come ready to dream. Come eager to grow.Get a taste of what your career could be at Job Description The Distributor & Export Business Unit is in charge of the Kraft Heinz business in more than 20 European markets, amongst which the Nordics, Baltics, Hungary, Czech, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Israel and others. It is the growth engine of Kraft Heinz’s European business with its fast-developing business and ambitious year over year growth. Joining the D&E team, you will be joining a family of highly entrepreneurial, ambitious and passionate team players, dedicated to reaching our goal of being the BEST food company, growing a BETTER world. D&E is located in 2 offices of Kraft Heinz, Malmö (Sweden) and Amsterdam (the Netherlands). The majority of the people is sitting in Amsterdam. We have an excellent opportunity available for a Junior Business Development Manager in our Distributor & Export Business Unit to make a difference at Kraft Heinz. The Business Development Manager reports to the Commercial Head and is responsible for creating and delivering the JBPs (Joint Business Plans) with our external partners (distributors and Key accounts supplied directly). He/She owns the relationship with the distributors, ensures the budget delivery, drives growth and is a true ambassador for our brands and products. The role will involve managing multiple countries, with frequent travel, that will give you the exposure to FMCG markets in different regions in the above countries. The role will engage in a variety of tasks including sales, successful launching of KraftHeinz products, forecast, coordination, strategic planning, relationship management, negotiation and most of all, development and drive growth opportunities. In brief, you will be responsible for: + Delivery of annual sales objectives + Distributor Management + Driving growth opportunities / listings via tenders + Ownership of the volume forecasts + Pricing implementation Hard SkillsPlease kindly note that you need to have an EU Working Permit (Orientation Year Visa not included) in order to proceed for this position. + Bachelor Degree; Master Degree is a plus; + 2-4 years’ experience in a Sales position. Experience in managing international clients/distributors will be considered as a plus; + Language skills: fluent in English both written and oral. A second/third European language is a plus; What we offer you + An ambitious employer; + A competetive salary and an excellent bonus structure; + A permanent contract; + Reimbursement for your commuting Location(s)Amsterdam The Kraft Heinz Company is revolutionizing the food industry – we will be the most profitable food company powered by the most talented people with unwavering commitment to our communities, leading brands and highest product quality in every category in which we compete. As a global powerhouse, Kraft Heinz represents over $26 billion in revenue and is the 5th largest food and beverage company in the world. At Kraft Heinz, to be the BEST food company, growing a BETTER world is more than a dream – it is our GLOBAL VISION. To be the best, we want the best – best brands, best practices and, most importantly, the best people.
          European Meeting on Molecular Diagnostics (EMMD) 2019      Cache   Translate Page      

European Meeting on Molecular Diagnostics (EMMD) 2019

October 09 - 11, 2019   11th European Meeting on Molecular Diagnostics (EMMD)
Huis ter Duin, Noordwijk, The Netherlands   Further information
This is the 11th European Meeting on Molecular Diagnostics (EMMD), devoted to all aspects of molecular diagnostics in human disease and pathology. The EMMD is organised every two years in the Netherlands. These meetings are a continuation of the former Benelux- and European meetings on PCR diagnostics. However the scope of the meeting has expanded to include other amplification techniques, general probe technology and applications in wide diversity of laboratory disciplines i.e. Clinical Microbiology, Virology, Pathology, Clinical Chemistry, Clinical Genetics, Pharmacogenetics, Hematology and Oncology. The emphasis of this multi-disciplinary meeting is on novel molecular technologies and innovative applications in the diagnosis, monitoring and screening of human diseases. Presentations will consist of invited-lectures by internationally renowned experts in combination with selected abstract presentations. Poster sessions and industrial exhibits will be an integrated part of the meeting. In conjunction with the meeting a number of business meetings of participating societies and exhibitors will be organised. The sponsoring companies are enabled to organise specific training and other activities before and after the meeting. EMMD is well known for informal and open atmosphere in combination with high-level presentations and exchange of scientific progress. The renowned Grand Hotel Huis ter Duin, located directly at the North Sea beach, is the ideal venue to meet these achievements. Timely registration will avoid disappointment as the number of participants is restricted.

          EU adopts plan on bank money laundering, may delay reforms      Cache   Translate Page      
European Union finance ministers on Tuesday adopted a plan to enhance the bloc's defences against money laundering at banks, but the move could slow a legislative reform on banking supervision. The action plan is meant to be the EU response to high-profile cases of alleged money laundering at banks in several EU states, including Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Spain, the Netherlands, Britain and Cyprus. Ministers agreed there was a "need to strengthen the effectiveness of the current framework" to counter money laundering, and proposed some non-legislative actions to implement in coming months. But the plan did not include any recommendation for legislative changes. Nor did it address calls from the European Central Bank to set up an EU-wide agency to counter money laundering. The plan could also delay proposed reforms of money-laundering supervision from the European Commission in September, because ministers first want to assess the recent cases of financial
           Comment on Young loggerhead turtle survives beaching in the Netherlands by Saving turtles from BP | Dear Kitty. Some blog       Cache   Translate Page      
[…] Young loggerhead turtle survives beaching in the Netherlands […]
          Queen Maxima visited Eosta BV Company in Waddinxveen      Cache   Translate Page      
On December 4, 2018, Queen Maxima made a working visit to Eosta Company in Waddinxveen. Eosta won the Sustainability Prize (Plaquette voor Duurzaam Ondernemerschap) presented by the King William I Foundation. That award is given to the companies that adapt themselves to sustainable innovation. Eosta B.V. is a company based in Waddinxveen, the Netherlands and was established in 1990 and works as an international distributor of organic fresh fruits and vegetables.
Queen Maxima wore MaxMara Megaton Co-Camel Hair Wrap Coat, Salvatore Ferragamo flower heel pumps and Natan dress

          Second Dutch cyclist comes within inches of being hit by train at same level crossing      Cache   Translate Page      

CCTV footage of the first incident was shared around the world – then it happened again

A second cyclist has come within inches of death a the same level crossing (Picture: ProRail)
A second cyclist has come within inches of being hit by a train on the same level crossing in the Netherlands.
          10 Amazing Foods From Gastro Obscura's First Year      Cache   Translate Page      

It's been a year since we launched Gastro Obscura, a guide to the world's most wondrous food and drink. To mark this milestone, we’ve looked back at the 1,000 foods we've added to our database, picking out some of the most amazing entries in different categories. We also reviewed data from our readers, who, for the past year, have been marking which foods they have tried or want to try. It revealed some bests of the best.

Most Desired Food: Peanut Butter Fruit


Out of the more than 1,000 entries in our foods database, readers wanted to try peanut butter fruit the most. Although it might look a bit like a grape tomato, this Andean fruit has a smooth, dense pulp with a nutty flavor that has undertones of berry and sweet potato. Native to Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador, it can be eaten raw or blended into milkshakes or pastries. Some chefs even transform it into a jam, making for an all-in-one PB&J spread.

Most Desired, Yet Elusive Food: Threads of God


Twice a year, pilgrims in Sardinia walk 20 miles from the city of Nuoro to the village of Lula. They are celebrating the Feast of San Francesco, and when they reach their destination they will be rewarded with the rarest pasta in the world. Also known as su filindeu, Threads of God are intricate, painstakingly pulled noodles that only three women on Earth can make. So it’s not surprising that the pasta has proved the most desired, yet elusive food in Gastro Obscura’s database: It has the greatest discrepancy between readers who want to try it and those who actually have had the pleasure.

While the ingredients list is simple—semolina wheat, water, salt—making Threads of God is a delicate process of working the dough into rounded strands and doubling, doubling, doubling until reaching some 250+ strands without breaking. After drying in the sun, the noodles are commonly served with a simple mutton broth and sprinkling of pecorino cheese.

Most Desired Decadence: Lapis Legit


Out of all the pastries, puddings, and pies we’ve covered in the past year, this Dutch-Indonesian dessert takes the cake. Lapis legit, Gastro Obscura’s most desired sweet, consists of 18 to 30 individually baked layers of spiced butter, sugar, and egg yolk, sometimes in a variety of colors. The decadent stack combines elements of German baumkuchen, a spit-roasted cake that Dutch colonists brought to Indonesia in the 15th century, with local Indonesian spices such as cinnamon, clove, mace, and nutmeg. To achieve the layers, bakers swapped out the traditional spit for a pan and broiled each layer before adding the next. Today, you can track down the delicate delicacy in Indonesia or the Netherlands (where it’s also known as spekkoek).

Most Surprisingly Explosive Food: Chocolate Teacakes


Our foods database contains quite a few pyrotechnic delights, but when it comes to surprisingly explosive food, unassuming chocolate teacakes take the top prize. In 1953, members of England’s Royal Air Force made an interesting discovery about the teacakes in their ration packs: With increases in altitude, the marshmallow inside the cakes expanded and, at 15,000 feet, it cracked the chocolate shell. It wasn’t long before pilots started conducting what one veteran called “rather unscientific in-flight experiments” with their snacks.

It was all fun and games until the teacake explosion. During the summer of 1965, a captain and student pilot forgot they had placed several unwrapped treats above their instrument panels. After the captain performed an emergency depressurizing switch, the treats exploded, scattering chocolate shrapnel and marshmallow across the windshield, flight controls, and the mens’ uniforms. Afterward, the RAF banned marshmallows from flights. Although it’s never been officially confirmed, most people suspect the teacakes in question were Tunnock's.

Most Artistic Food: Tibetan Buddhist Butter Sculptures


From radish sculpture contests to parades with giant floats made entirely of citrus, food makes a fantastic medium for creative expression beyond the kitchen. Stunning, ephemeral, and sometimes painstakingly detailed, Tibetan Buddhist butter sculptures might be the finest example of food art. To make the sculptures, monks and nuns shape yak butter—which also fuels lamps in Buddhist temples—by hand and dye it with mineral pigments to form flowers, animals, and symbols. The sculptures are a crucial element of the New Year’s Butter Lamp Festival in Tibet, when the streets are filled with flickering butter lamps and beautiful butter-based art. But, like most food, this wonder doesn't last forever. At some point, the makers melt their masterpieces or feed them to animals.

Spiciest Food: Death Noodles


When in Jakarta, you’d be hard-pressed to find a warung, a late-night, hole-in-the-wall food stall, that didn’t sell some version of Indomie noodles. But only one establishment serves up a version so spicy, it’s earned the nickname “death noodles.” The dish is covered in 100 to 150 ground-up bird’s eye chilies. On the Scoville scale, which ranks spiciness, a single bird’s eye chili is 100,000 units, which is hot, but nothing warranting a death moniker. However, when crushed and combined, the 100 to 150 peppers in death noodles can add up to a scorching Scoville rating of 20 million. Just how hot is that? One British chef claims to have temporarily lost his hearing after eating the dish.

Most Creative Use of Leftovers: Kartoshka


During food shortages in the USSR, no crumb went to waste. Thrifty chefs used sgushyonka, a sweetened condensed milk, to deliciously glue bits of leftover cake, cookies, or bread together to form new desserts. Kartoshka was one such dessert. Meaning “potato” in Russian, the crumb collage gets shaped into a little tuber and coated in cocoa powder for a final flourish. Now that cafeterias tend to have more ingredients to spare, the treats sometimes get a splash of cognac or rum and a bit of frosting.

Deadliest Catch: Mad Honey


In Nepal, men scale steep cliffs on rope ladders and dodge stings from giant bees in the hopes of collecting a sweet and powerful prize: hallucinogenic honey.

It might be tempting to say mad honey’s intimidating reputation comes from its psychedelic properties (bees produce it when they feed on the nectar of rhododendrons that contain a neurotoxin), but the most dangerous aspect of this food is the act of harvesting it. As the bees nest on cliffs, honey hunters must try to extract pieces of the hive while dangling hundreds of feet in the air. The insects also happen to be the largest honeybees in the world.

Most Controversial Food: Peanut Butter & Mayonnaise Sandwich


The peanut butter and mayonnaise sandwich started innocently enough. During the Great Depression, cheap, filling foods played an integral role in Americans’ lives. One particularly beloved combo of protein and fat was the peanut butter and mayonnaise sandwich. Though the sandwich remained popular in the South throughout the decades following the Depression, it’s since faded into obscurity. When we published an entry on it, the sandwich had a polarizing effect on our readers. Some cried sacrilege over the unconventional combo. However, many readers remembered the sandwich with nostalgic fondness, chiming in with other toppings their families added to the PB&M, including lettuce, bacon, and bananas. One reader had thought the PB&M was something only her grandmother made: "I thought I was the only one. I have mayo mates!”

Oldest Food: The Speyer Wine Bottle


The oldest wine in the world is nearly 1,700 years old. Unearthed from a couple’s tomb in what is now Speyer, Germany, the Speyer wine bottle houses a dark, resin-like mass and cloudy liquid. And just how did this liquid keep while other ancient tipples evaporated? Historians point to a solid wax seal and significant portion of olive oil in the wine, which helped further seal the liquid off from air. You can still see the wine bottle at Speyer's Historical Museum of the Palatinate. Researchers even say that it’s probably still safe to drink, but museum curators aren’t taking any chances cracking the ancient seal.

          New From Google Arts & Culture: “See Vermeer’s Paintings in Augmented Reality”      Cache   Translate Page      
From The Keynote: Thanks to the Mauritshuis museum in the Netherlands and other cultural institutions guarding Vermeer’s legacy, they’re available in Pocket Gallery, a brand new feature on the Google Arts & Culture app. Pocket Gallery uses augmented reality, so you can pull out your phone and step into a virtual exhibition space to see all of […]
          Displacement Sensors Market Report 2017 - 2025: Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast      Cache   Translate Page      

Latest Market Research Study on "Displacement Sensors Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2017 - 2025"

Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 12/04/2018 -- Global Displacement Sensors Market: Overview

Displacement sensors are also known as displacement gauges which are used to measure the travel range between the object's current position and its reference point. These are used for dimension measurement to determine an object's thickness, height, and width. The displacement sensors work in two different ways include non-contact measurement using the magnetic field, light or sound waves and in direct contact with an object. There are various applications such as detection of stacked printed circuit boards (PCB), positioning of electronics components on the PCB during manufacturing and many others wherein the displacement sensors are used.

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Global Displacement Sensors Market: Dynamics

The key factors which drive primarily the growth of the global displacement sensors market are significantly increasing industrial automation along with growing electronics industry due to robust growth in the demand for smartphone and other electronic products over the forecast period. Rising demand for non-contact sensing technology in automotive industry fuels the global displacement sensors over the forecast period. Furthermore, robust growth in construction industry along with food and beverages industry are the major factors which drive the global displacement sensors market due to its high usage for supervision in various construction projects and in the packaging of products respectively. Additionally, high product innovation in displacement sensors such as compact and robust design from key manufacturers leads the global displacement sensors market towards significant growth over the forecast period. The key factors such as high development and installation cost and high labor cost in North America region hinder the growth of global displacement sensors market over the forecast period.

Global Displacement Sensors Market: Segmentation

Global displacement sensors market is segmented by technology type, measurement type, product type, end-use industry, and region type.

Based on the technology type, global displacement sensors market is classified into followings:


Based on the measurement type, global displacement sensors market is classified into followings:


Based on the product type, global displacement sensors market is classified into followings:


Based on the end-use industry, global displacement sensors market is classified into followings:

Food and Beverages
Electricals and Electronics
Retail and Consumer Goods

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Global Displacement Sensors Market: Segmentation Overview

Among above mentioned end-use industry, electrical and electronics segment, as well as automotive industry, are anticipated to uplift the global displacement sensors market over the forecast period due to the significant usage of displacement sensors in the assembly of electronics components. Additionally, among the above-mentioned measurement type, the non-contact segment is estimated to witness the rapid growth rate in the global displacement sensors market due to its growing demand for industrial automation.

Global Displacement Sensors Market: Regional Outlook

Based on geographies, the global displacement sensors market is classified into seven regions such as Western Europe, North America, Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia Pacific excluding Japan, Japan and the Middle East and Africa. Among above-mentioned regions, North America accounts high market share in the global displacement sensors market over the forecast period, attributed to growing innovation such as displacement sensors with laser technology across the region followed by Western Europe. Asia Pacific excluding Japan is anticipated to showcase a significant growth in the global displacement sensors market over the forecast period, owing to significant growing electronics industry along with robust growth in manufacturing industry in emerging countries such as China and India across the region. Latin America is predicted to see extensive growth in the global displacement sensors market due to significantly growing manufacturing industry in Brazil. Japan is predicted to see a significant CAGR in the global displacement sensors market over the forecast period, attribute to high usage of displacement sensors in the automotive industry for thickness measurement.

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Global Displacement Sensors Market: Key Players

Few key players of the global displacement sensors market are Omron Corporation, ifm electronics GmbH, Lion Precision Inc., Continental AG, Schneider Electric SA, Panasonic Corp, Spectris PLC, Micro-Epsilon Messtechnik GmbH & Co. KG, and Riftek LLC. Key manufacturers are focusing toward innovation in products such as non-contact linear displacement sensors with laser technology which provides high speed and efficiency.

The report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the market. It does so via in-depth qualitative insights, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research methodologies and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every facet of the market, including but not limited to: Regional markets, technology, types, and applications.

The study is a source of reliable data on:

Market segments and sub-segments
Market trends and dynamics
Supply and demand
Market size
Current trends/opportunities/challenges
Competitive landscape
Technological breakthroughs
Value chain and stakeholder analysis

The regional analysis covers:

North America (U.S. and Canada)
Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and others)
Western Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Spain, Italy, Nordic countries, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg)
Eastern Europe (Poland and Russia)
Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, ASEAN, Australia, and New Zealand)
Middle East and Africa (GCC, Southern Africa, and North Africa)

The report has been compiled through extensive primary research (through interviews, surveys, and observations of seasoned analysts) and secondary research (which entails reputable paid sources, trade journals, and industry body databases). The report also features a complete qualitative and quantitative assessment by analyzing data gathered from industry analysts and market participants across key points in the industry's value chain.

A separate analysis of prevailing trends in the parent market, macro- and micro-economic indicators, and regulations and mandates is included under the purview of the study. By doing so, the report projects the attractiveness of each major segment over the forecast period.

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Highlights of the report:

A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the parent market
Important changes in market dynamics
Market segmentation up to the second or third level
Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume
Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments
Market shares and strategies of key players
Emerging niche segments and regional markets
An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market
Recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market

About is a seller of syndicated market studies, featuring an exhaustive collection of research reports from leading international publishers. Our repositoryis diverse, spanningvirtually every industrial sector and even more every category and sub-category within the industry. We also provide consulting services to enable our clients have adynamicbusiness perspective.

Contact Us

State Tower
90 State Street, Suite 700
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          Device Smart Communicators Market Report 2017 - 2025: Technological Advancement, Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast      Cache   Translate Page      

Latest Market Research Study on "Device Smart Communicators Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2017 - 2025."

Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 12/04/2018 -- The report offers in-depth insights, revenue details, and other vital information regarding the global device smart communicators market, and the various trends, drivers, restraints, opportunities, and threats in the target market till 2025. The report includes PEST analysis, Porter's Five Forces analysis, and opportunity map analysis for in-depth understanding of the market. The device smart communicators market report offers insightful and detailed information regarding the various key players operating in the global device smart communicators market, their financials, technological innovations, key developments, apart from future strategies, SWOT analysis, acquisitions & mergers, and market footprint. The global device smart communicators market is segmented on the basis of product, application, end user, and region.

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Device Smart Communicators Market: Market Overview

The device smart communicators is a computer based type of configuration which is used to perform tasks like daily maintenance, configuration backup, initial setup, and troubleshooting for the replacement of the device. The type of tasks are much different from the device vendors and communication protocols and are stream lined by integrated environment and intuitive operation. The device smart communicators are used for the maximum utilization of the instruments used in the intelligence field. The device smart communicators can be utilized for an increase the storage capacity and for faster processing of the instruments. The device smart communicators are also used to communicate and print out the parameters such as range, tag number and output mode of the instrument.

Device Smart Communicators Market: Market Dynamics

The technological advancement is the major factor for the growing demand of the device smart communicators market. The developing regions are growing towards the smart cities and the device smart communicators market is thereby growing in the region. The use of online retail sites and smart systems are the rising factors in the market and are the driving factor for the growth of the device smart communicators market. The developed regions are the attracting places for the manufacturers to find the demanding growth and the developed economy in these regions with the high disposable income are the major factors to be involved in the growth of the device smart communicators market. The trend to use the brain terminal has grown in the market due to the rising demand of the product for its efficiency and smart work and has thereby increased the sales in the device smart communicators market.

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Device Smart Communicators Market: Market Segmentation

The device smart communicators market can be segmented on the basis of product type, end user type and on the basis of geography.

On the basis of product type, the device smart communicators market can be segmented into:-

Mobile Field Device Management
Hart Communicator
Brain Terminal

On the basis of end user type, the device smart communicators market can be segmented into:-

Transport and Automotive
Telecommunication and IT
Defense and Military

Device Smart Communicators Market: Regional Outlook

The device smart communicators market can be segmented on the basis of geography into seven main regions as North America, Eastern Europe, APEJ, Japan, MEA, Western Europe, and Latin America. The North America is the leading region in the market due to the development in the rise and a large number of manufacturers in the region thereby growing in the device smart communicators market. The Europe is also the growing region in the device smart communicators market. The Asia Pacific is the growing region in the device smart communicators market and is expected to rise in the forecast period. The developing countries l9ike China and India are rising with their respective and hence the advancement in growth and leading to the rise in device smart communicators market.

Device Smart Communicators Market: Key Players

The prominent players in the device smart communicators market are:-

SmartComms SC, Limited
Yokogawa Electric Corporation
ProComSol, Ltd
Spitzer and Boyes, LLC
Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.
LG Electronics Inc.
General Electric Co.
BSH Hausgerate GmbH
Panasonic Corp.
Whirlpool Corp. (U.S.)
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Netherlands)

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Device Smart Communicators Market: Competitive Analysis

The device smart communicators market is rising due to the technological advancement growing in the developing regions and the increasing use of smart technologies which is making the life of a person easier than before. The manufacturers thereby need to manufacture the products advanced than before so that the consumers are attracted to use the type from their companies and the increasing demand will thereby grow the sales in the device smart communicators market. The rising demand from the private market to use the device smart manufacturers which are growing globally is another factor to the rise in the device smart communicators market.

The report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the market. It does so via in-depth qualitative insights, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research methodologies and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every facet of the market, including but not limited to: Regional markets, technology, types, and applications.

The study is a source of reliable data on:

Market segments and sub-segments
Market trends and dynamics
Supply and demand
Market size
Current trends/opportunities/challenges
Competitive landscape
Technological breakthroughs
Value chain and stakeholder analysis

The regional analysis covers:

North America (U.S. and Canada)
Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and others)
Western Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Spain, Italy, Nordic countries, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg)
Eastern Europe (Poland and Russia)
Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, ASEAN, Australia, and New Zealand)
Middle East and Africa (GCC, Southern Africa, and North Africa)

The report has been compiled through extensive primary research (through interviews, surveys, and observations of seasoned analysts) and secondary research (which entails reputable paid sources, trade journals, and industry body databases). The report also features a complete qualitative and quantitative assessment by analyzing data gathered from industry analysts and market participants across key points in the industry's value chain.

A separate analysis of prevailing trends in the parent market, macro- and micro-economic indicators, and regulations and mandates is included under the purview of the study. By doing so, the report projects the attractiveness of each major segment over the forecast period.

Request to Buy This Premium Report From Here @

Highlights of the report:

A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the parent market
Important changes in market dynamics
Market segmentation up to the second or third level
Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume
Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments
Market shares and strategies of key players
Emerging niche segments and regional markets
An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market
Recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market

About is a seller of syndicated market studies, featuring an exhaustive collection of research reports from leading international publishers. Our repositoryis diverse, spanningvirtually every industrial sector and even more every category and sub-category within the industry. We also provide consulting services to enable our clients have adynamicbusiness perspective.

Contact Us

State Tower
90 State Street, Suite 700
Albany, NY 12207
United States

Toll Free: 866-997-4948

Tel: +1-518-621-2074

For more information on this press release visit:

Media Relations Contact

Business Head
Telephone: 1-518-621-2074
Email: Click to Email Nachiket


          Automotive Dashboard Market Report 2017 - 2025: Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast      Cache   Translate Page      

Latest Market Research Study on "Automotive Dashboard Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2017 - 2025."

Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 12/04/2018 -- Automotive Dashboard Market: Overview

Dashboard to an automotive is what a control panel is to a computer, located just in front of the driver. It is an all in one indicator things happening in the automotive. Dashboards have been a part of every automotive since the beginning. It displays instrumentation and controls for the vehicle's operation. A simple dashboard has a steering wheel and indicators for speed, fuel level, and oil pressure. With the advancements in technology, newly introduced dashboards currently also incorporate an array of gauges, and controls as well as information, climate control, and entertainment systems. It may also include tachometer, speedometer, fuel gauge, odometer, gearshift position indicator, turn indicators, seat belt warning light, engine-malfunction lights, parking-brake warning light, indicators for low fuel, low tire pressure and faults in the airbag, low oil pressure, entertainment equipment and information systems and much more.

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Automotive Dashboard Market: Dynamics

High demand for automotive is the key driving factor for automotive dashboard market because no automotive can be manufactured without a dashboard. The demand for passenger vehicles is typically high in APEJ, attributed to increases in per capita income. People these days are also into styling up their personal vehicles, owing to this the automotive dashboard aftermarket has spurred in recent years. One significant example of this is Chevrolet offering both exterior and interior cosmetic upgrades.

The touch screen has been trending in the automotive dashboard market lately. Tesla has completely changed the game with their soon launching Tesla 3 by eliminating the cluster of controls, gauges and integrating everything into one touch screen.

Automotive Dashboard Market: Segmentation

The automotive dashboard market can be by sales channel, type, and application.

Based on Sales Channel, Automotive Dashboard Market is segmented as:


Based on Type, Automotive Dashboard Market is segmented as:

LCD dashboard
Integrating all the physical indicators on one screen is the aim of an LCD dashboard. It is gaining high popularity among the consumers. It is estimated that in next five years most of the cars sold in North America will be equipped with LCD dashboard.

Conventional Dashboard
Conventional dashboards are provided with traditional mechanical devices like tachometer, speedometer, fuel gauge, etc.

Based on Application, Automotive Dashboard Market is segmented as:

Passenger cars
Economy car
Commercial vehicles
Light commercial vehicles
Heavy commercial vehicles

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Automotive Dashboard Market: Regional Outlook

The global automotive dashboard market is divided geographically into seven regions, namely North America, Latin America, Asia Pacific excluding Japan (APEJ), Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Japan and the Middle East and Africa (MEA). North America is a major region in automotive dashboard market regarding application and revenue sharing. Followed by North America, Europe, and Latin America are expected to grow relatively at a higher CAGR during the forecast period since the use of automotive dashboard in high demand, owing to the booming automotive industry. The global automotive dashboard market in Japan is well established and expected to grow at average CAGR over the forecast period. The growth of automotive dashboard market in Asia-Pacific is very high due to many developing countries in this region. Overall, the global market for automotive of automotive dashboard market is expected to grow significantly by the end of forecast period. Automotive of automotive dashboard market in Asia-Pacific is rapidly growing due to developing economic conditions, huge population, significant investment market and more consumption. MEA is expected to expand at sluggish growth rate due to lack of technology advancement in this region. Overall the global automotive dashboard is projected to grow at a decent pace during the forecast period.

Automotive Dashboard Market: Key Players

Some key market players in global automotive dashboard market are

ABB Group
Visteon Corporation
Johnson Controls International Plc
Huayu Automotive Systems Co., Ltd.
Hainan Drinda Automotive Trim Co., Ltd
Dongfeng Electronic
Toyoda Gosei

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Automotive Dashboard Market: Competitive Analysis

Key manufacturers of the automotive dashboard are focusing on product development including enabling wider industrial applications with the help of their R&D department. According to Mr.David DeGraaf, president of Faurecia Clean Mobility North America French supplier, the company invested US$ 64 million for installation of a digital manufacturing system in a new factory in Columbus. Continued investments and advancements in technology will drive the automotive dashboard market during the forecast period.

The report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the market. It does so via in-depth qualitative insights, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research methodologies and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every facet of the market, including but not limited to: Regional markets, technology, types, and applications.

The study is a source of reliable data on:

Market segments and sub-segments
Market trends and dynamics
Supply and demand
Market size
Current trends/opportunities/challenges
Competitive landscape
Technological breakthroughs
Value chain and stakeholder analysis

The regional analysis covers:

North America (U.S. and Canada)
Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and others)
Western Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Spain, Italy, Nordic countries, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg)
Eastern Europe (Poland and Russia)
Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, ASEAN, Australia, and New Zealand)
Middle East and Africa (GCC, Southern Africa, and North Africa)

The report has been compiled through extensive primary research (through interviews, surveys, and observations of seasoned analysts) and secondary research (which entails reputable paid sources, trade journals, and industry body databases). The report also features a complete qualitative and quantitative assessment by analyzing data gathered from industry analysts and market participants across key points in the industry's value chain.

A separate analysis of prevailing trends in the parent market, macro- and micro-economic indicators, and regulations and mandates is included under the purview of the study. By doing so, the report projects the attractiveness of each major segment over the forecast period.

Request to Buy This Premium Report From Here @

Highlights of the report:

A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the parent market
Important changes in market dynamics
Market segmentation up to the second or third level
Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume
Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments
Market shares and strategies of key players
Emerging niche segments and regional markets
An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market
Recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market

About is a seller of syndicated market studies, featuring an exhaustive collection of research reports from leading international publishers. Our repositoryis diverse, spanningvirtually every industrial sector and even more every category and sub-category within the industry. We also provide consulting services to enable our clients have adynamicbusiness perspective.

Contact Us

State Tower
90 State Street, Suite 700
Albany, NY 12207
United States

Toll Free: 866-997-4948

Tel: +1-518-621-2074

For more information on this press release visit:

Media Relations Contact

Business Head
Telephone: 1-518-621-2074
Email: Click to Email Nachiket


          American Minute for December 5th      Cache   Translate Page      
When Evangelist George Whitefield began preaching the Great Awakening Revival in Philadelphia in 1739, he inspired the idea that the city should have a school for Blacks and poor orphans. A short-lived Charity School was formed, but it struggled for lack of funds. It was purchased by Ben Franklin in 1749 who expanded it into a secondary school for boys called the Academy of Philadelphia, opening in 1751. In 1754, it expanded again as the College of Philadelphia, later being renamed the University of Pennsylvania. 21 members of the Continental Congress graduated from there. 9 of the signers of the Declaration of Independence were either trustees or alumni from there. A statue of Evangelist George Whitefield is located in University of Pennsylvania's Dormitory Quadrangle. A student at the College of Philadelphia was Hugh Williamson, born DECEMBER 5, 1735. He was in the college's first class to graduate, May 17, 1757. Five days later, his father died. While Williamson had been a student, he instructed younger students at the Academy of Philadelphia in English and Latin. Another person who taught at the Academy of Philadelphia was Charles Thomson, who became the Secretary of Congress, signed the Declaration, designed the Great Seal of the United States, and signed Congress' authorization for Robert Aitken to print the Bible. Upon retiring from Congress, Charles Thomson spent 19 years compiling the "Thomson Bible" (printed in 1808), which contained the first American translation of the Greek Septuagint. Hugh Williamson, at age 24, decided to go into the ministry as a Presbyterian preacher. John Neal recorded of Hugh Williamson in the Trinity College Historical Society Papers (NY: AMS Press, 1915): "In 1759 he went to Connecticut, where he pursued his theological studies and was licensed to preach. After returning from Connecticut, he was admitted to membership in the Presbytery of Philadelphia (the oldest in America) ... (and there) preached nearly two years." Hugh Williamson visited and prayed for the sick, and gave sermons, until a chronic chest weakness convinced him he had to pursue a career that did not involve public speaking. He was also disaffected by the theological debates that grew out of the Great Awakening Revival--between the "Old Lights" and the "New Lights", between the church leaders who were rigid and orthodox in their teachings, and the younger "New Lights" who were zealous and evangelical. In 1760, Williamson joined the faculty at his alma mater, the College of Philadelphia, where he was professor of mathematics. After four years, Williamson traveled to Europe to study medicine. He received a degree from the prestigious University of Utrecht in the Netherlands. After graduation, Dr. Hugh Williamson practiced medicine in Philadelphia. In 1773, Williamson sailed for England to raise funds for Newark Academy, but stopped along the way in Boston, where he witnessed the Boston Tea Party. Upon reaching London, the Privy Council summoned him to testify on the rebellious actions in America. When the Privy Council began to discuss how to punish Boston for the Tea Party, Dr. Hugh Williamson warned them that continuing their high taxes would provoke the colonies into rebellion. He argued further that Americans should be entitled to full rights as Englishmen. An American statesman in London who heard Williamson's patriotic answers to the Privy Council was Ben Franklin--founder of the school Williamson graduated from and taught at. Returning to America in 1777, Dr. Hugh Williamson distinguished himself during the Revolutionary War as a Surgeon General caring for wounded North Carolina troops. In 1780, Dr. Williamson was attached to the command of Brigadier General Isaac Gregory. General Isaac Gregory adopted the tactics of South Carolina's Francis Marion, nicknamed "Swamp Fox"--who would launch surprise attacks on British forces then retreat into inhospitable lands. General Gregory stationed his troops in the Great Dismal Swamp--over 100,000 acres of dangerous wetlands between southeast Virginia and North Carolina Dr. Williamson's insistence on sanitation, diet and preventive medicine kept the troops virtually disease free during their six months there. After the War, in 1782, North Carolina elected Dr. Williamson as a representative to Congress. North Carolina's 1776 Constitution that was in effect at the time stated in ARTICLE 32: "That no person, who shall deny the being of God or the truth of t he Protestant religion, or the Divine authority either of the Old or New Testaments, or who shall hold religious principles incompatible with the freedom and safety of the State, shall be capable of holding any office or place of trust or profit in the civil department within this State." ("Protestant" was changed to "Christian" in 1835, then changed in 1868 to belief in "Almighty God.") While in Congress, Dr. Williamson helped write the Northwest Territory laws. He was part of the committee that proposed a clause, though it was later struck, for: "... reserving the central section of every township for the maintenance of public schools and the section immediately to the northward for the support of religion." The final version of the Northwest Ordinance, July 13, 1787, included: "Sec. 13. And, for extending the fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these republics, their laws and constitutions are erected ..." "Art. 1. No person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode of worship or religious sentiments, in the said territory ..." "Art. 3. Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. The utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from them without their consent ..." "Art. 6. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory." From May 25 to September 17, 1787, Dr. Hugh Williamson was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia where he helped write the U.S. Constitution, lodging at the same residence as James Madison and Alexander Hamilton. Williamson signed the Constitution, then helped convinced North Carolina to ratify it. Thomas Jefferson related of Dr. Williamson's reputation at the Constitutional Convention: "He was a useful member, of an acute mind, attentive to business, and of an high degree of erudition." Dr. Hugh Williamson later became wealthy through investments and land speculations, and wrote extensively for medical and literary societies, winning international acclaim. He participated with Ben Franklin in conducting electrical experiments. In 1811, Dr. Hugh Williamson wrote a respected book, Observations of the Climate in Different Parts of America, in which he refuted "higher criticism" of Scripture and gave scientific explanation for the credibility of stories in the Bible, such as Noah's flood and the events of Moses' exodus. Dr. Hugh Williamson served as one of the original trustees of the University of North Carolina. Dying May 22, 1819, Dr. Hugh Williamson is buried at Trinity Church, in New York City. In addition to Hugh Williamson, other pastors served in America's government: Rev. John Witherspoon (1723-1794) was a Scottish Presbyterian pastor and President of Princeton who was a delegate to the Continental Congress where he signed the Declaration of Independence. Rev. John Peter Muhlenberg (1746-1807) was a Lutheran pastor in Virginia who became a major general during the Revolutionary War, a U.S. Congressman and a U.S. Senator. Rev. Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg (1750-1801) was a Lutheran pastor in New York who was elected a U.S. Congressman and was the First Speaker of the House, signing the Bill of Rights. Rev. Abiel Foster (1735-1806) served as pastor in Canterbury, New Hampshire, a delegate to the Continental Congress, the New Hampshire Legislature and a U.S. Congressman. Rev. Benjamin Contee (1755-1815) was an Episcopal pastor in Maryland who served as an officer in the Revolutionary War, a delegate to the Confederation Congress, and a U.S. Congressman. Rev. Abraham Baldwin (1754-1807) served as a minister at Yale, a chaplain in the Revolutionary War, a delegate from Georgia to the Continental Congress, a U.S. Congressman and a U.S. Senator. He is the founding president of the University of Georgia. Rev. Paine Wingate (1739-1838) was a pastor in Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress, a U.S. Congressman and a U.S. Senator. Rev. Joseph Montgomery (1733-1794) was a Presbyterian pastor in New Castle, Delaware. Married to a sister of Dr. Benjamin Rush, he served as a chaplain in the Revolutionary War with Colonel Smallwood's Maryland Regiment. He was elected a delegate from Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress, a judge, and a representative in the State Assembly. Rev. James Manning (1738-1791) was a Baptist pastor in Rhode Island who was the first President of Brown University where, during the Revolutionary War, he allowed General Rochambeau's French troops to camp on the campus grounds. He was elected a delegate to Congress. John Joachim Zubly (1724-1781) was a Presbyterian pastor in Georgia who was a delegate to the Continental Congress. President Calvin Coolidge stated at the 150th Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, Philadelphia, July 5, 1926: "The principles ... which went into the Declaration of Independence ... are found in ... the sermons ... of the early colonial clergy who were earnestly undertaking to instruct their congregations in the great mystery of how to live. They preached equality because they believed in the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man. They justified freedom by the text that we are all created in the divine image ... Placing every man on a plane where he acknowledged no superiors, where no one possessed any right to rule over him, he must inevitably choose his own rulers through a system of self-government ..." Coolidge concluded: "In order that they might have freedom to express these thoughts and opportunity to put them into action, whole congregations WITH THEIR PASTORS migrated to the Colonies."
          Submission Specialist      Cache   Translate Page      
Salary: On Application (GBP)
Location: Netherlands, Braine L´Alleud
Company: Syneos Health
Posted: 04 December 2018 14:07:17
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          Three Hit Songs By The 1970s-early 1990s Disco, Soul Group The Trammps: "Hold Back The Night", "Disco Inferno", & "That's Where The Happy People Go"      Cache   Translate Page      
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post provides information about The 1970s-1980s Disco/Soul Group "The Tramps" and showcases three of that group's hit records: Hold Back The Night", ."Disco Inferno" & "That's Where The Happy People Go."

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to The Trammps for their musical legacy. Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to the publishers of these examples on YouTube.

"The Trammps were an American disco and soul band, who were based in Philadelphia and were one of the first disco bands.

The band's first major success was with their 1972 cover version of "Zing! Went the Strings of My Heart". The first disco track they released was "Love Epidemic" in 1973. However, they are best known for their Grammy winning song, "Disco Inferno", originally released in 1976, becoming a UK pop hit and US R&B hit. After inclusion in the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack, the song was re-released in 1978 and became a US pop hit.

From early 1970s to the dissolution in the early 1990s
The history of the Trammps grew from the 1960s group The Volcanos, who later became The Moods.[1] With a number of line-up changes by the early 1970s, the band membership included gospel-influenced lead singer Jimmy Ellis, drummer and singer (bass voice) Earl Young, with brothers Stanley and Harold 'Doc' Wade. Members of the Philadelphia recording band MFSB played with the group on records and on tour in the 1970s with singer Robert Upchurch joining later. The group was produced by the Philadelphia team of Ronnie Baker, Norman Harris and Young, all MFSB mainstays who played on the recording sessions and contributed songs.

Their debut chart entry came via an upbeat cover version of the standard "Zing! Went the Strings of My Heart", featuring Young's bass voice, which became a Top 20 US R&B chart hit in 1972.[1][2]

Their first few recordings were released on Buddah Records, including "Hold Back The Night" which was a hit in the UK and on the Billboard R&B chart in 1973, before a re-release saw it climb the U.S. Hot 100 two years later. Several R&B hits followed during a stay with Philadelphia International subsidiary, Golden Fleece (run by Baker-Harris-Young) before they signed to Atlantic Records.

Their single "Disco Inferno" (1976), which was included on the Grammy Award winning Saturday Night Fever: The Original Movie Sound Track in 1977,[3] reached #11 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in May 1978.[4]

Other major hits included "Hold Back the Night" (1975) (UK #5[5]) and "That's Where the Happy People Go" (1976). In late 1977, the Trammps released the song "The Night the Lights Went Out" to commemorate the electrical blackout that affected New York City on July 13-14, 1977.

Their signature song "Disco Inferno" has been covered by Tina Turner and Cyndi Lauper. In addition, Graham Parker covered "Hold Back The Night" on "The Pink Parker EP" in 1977, and reached #20 in the UK Singles Chart,[6] and Top 60 in the US."....

Example #1: The Trammps - Hold Back The Night • TopPop

TopPop, Published on Oct 22, 2015

The Trammps were an American disco and soul band, who were based in Philadelphia and were one of the first disco bands. They visited the Toppop studios in the Netherlands many times.
They are best known for their Grammy winning song, "Disco Inferno", originally released in 1976, becoming a UK pop hit and US R&B hit. After inclusion in the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack, the song was re-released in 1978 and became an international pop hit worldwide.
This was the Trammps 5th performance on Toppop.
The lead vocals are from Jimmy Ellis and the bass vocals are by Earl Young.
Click the lyrics to The Trammp's "Hold Back The Night".

Example #2: The Trammps - Disco Inferno (1976) HD

STAT CHILE, Published on Mar 24, 2016
Artista: The Trammps
Álbum: Disco Inferno
Country: US
Genre: Funk / Soul
Style: Disco

"Disco Inferno" is a 1976 song by The Trammps from the album of the same name. With two other cuts by the group it reached number one on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart in early 1977, but had limited mainstream success in the U.S. until 1978, after being included on the soundtrack to the 1977 film Saturday Night Fever, when a re-release hit number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Click for the lyrics to The Trammp's song "Disco Inferno".

A note about this song on that website indicates that "it ["Disco Inferno"] was inspired by the scene of the burning discotheque in the 1974 movie The Towering Inferno.

Example #3: The Trammps - That's Where The Happy People Go (1976)

crap1453, Published on May 12, 2010

One of the top disco bands in the world. This is imho one of the best disco songs ever.
Click"> for the lyrics to The Trammp's song "That's Where The Happy People Go".

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Visitor comments are welcome.
          Hiram Green e la nuova fragranza Hyde       Cache   Translate Page      
Oggi torno a parlare di un tema a me molto caro e precisamente di #Profumeria#. Recentemente ho scoperto un nuovo brand di profumi naturali, un brand olandese HIRAM GREEN.
Hiram Green è nato nel 2013, le fragranze sono tutte naturali e realizzate con ingredienti selezionati e completamente naturali.
A differenza di tante altre fragranze naturali che siamo abituate a trovare in commercio queste hanno un'ottima intensità o sillage.
Il laboratorio di profumi si trova a Gouda in Olanda. Attualmente le fragranze sul sito sono 6: Hyde, Slowdive, Arbolé Arbolé, Moon Bloom, Dilettante, Shangri La.  
Tutte le fragranze sono disponibili in piccoli lotti e i flaconi sono disponibili nei formati da 50 ml e 1 ml.
Io avuto la possibilità di poter indossare l'ultima creazione Hyde.

Today I'm going back to talk about a topic very dear to me and precisely of Perfumery. Recently I discovered a new brand of natural perfumes, a Dutch brand HIRAM GREEN.
Hiram Green was born in 2013, the fragrances are all natural and made with selected and completely natural ingredients.
Unlike many other natural fragrances that we are used to find on the market these have an excellent intensity or sillage.
The perfume laboratory is located in Gouda in the Netherlands. Currently the fragrances on the site are 6: Hyde, Slowdive, Arbolé Arbolé, Moon Bloom, Dilettante, Shangri La.
All fragrances are available in small batches and the bottles are available in 50ml and 1ml sizes.
I had the chance to wear the latest creation Hyde 


Questa è la descrizione della fragranza che troviamo sul sito: 

L'ultimo profumo di Hiram Green, Hyde, è una fragranza sensuale e dal fascino affascinante che richiama la pelle.
Hyde si apre con una forte esplosione di limone brillante e bergamotto. Queste allegre note si scontrano poi con il profumo secco e tagliente del catrame di betulla, che ricorda il legno bruciato - e la cassia, un fiore opulento con intense sfumature verdi e speziate. Entrambi formano una vibrante nota in pelle con una profondità e un appeal intenso. Questo cuore pulsante è avvolto da una base calda ed elegante di labdano fumoso e vaniglia di malto che si scioglie nel muschio di quercia terrosa.

Seducente e stimolante, Hyde è un'ode per tutte quelle anime alla ricerca di avventure: una fragranza unisex perfetta per il giorno e la notte.

Già dal suo colore si può evincere la corposa consistenza di questa fragranza. Molto spessa e densa, una piccola goccia di questa fragranza ci accompagna per tutta la nostra giornata e oltre.
Una fragranza invernale, molto cupa ed enigmatica. Una fragranza molto elegante.
Risaltano molto in questa fragranza le note di catrame di betulla..... un sentore di affumicato, di bruciato...
Io personalmente la indosserei la sera.
Una confezione semplice ed elegante nello stesso tempo.

This is the description of the fragrance that we find on the site:

The latest fragrance by Hiram Green, Hyde, is a sensual fragrance with a fascinating appeal that recalls the skin.
Hyde opens with a strong explosion of bright lemon and bergamot. These cheerful notes then collide with the dry and sharp scent of birch tar, which recalls burnt wood - and cassia, an opulent flower with intense green and spicy nuances. Both form a vibrant leather note with a depth and an intense appeal. This pulsing heart is enveloped by a warm and elegant base of smoky labdanum and malt vanilla which melts in the earthy oak moss.

Seductive and stimulating, Hyde is an ode to all those souls looking for adventures: a perfect unisex fragrance for day and night.
The full consistency of this fragrance can already be seen from its color. Very thick and thick, a small drop of this fragrance accompanies us throughout our day and beyond.
A winter fragrance, very dark and enigmatic. A very elegant fragrance.
The notes of birch tar stand out a lot in this fragrance ... a hint of smoked, burned ...
I personally would wear it in the evening.
A simple and elegant package at the same time.


          Join LSU Choirs in Amsterdam and Varna, Bulgaria in Summer 2019!      Cache   Translate Page      

The Louisiana State University Tiger Glee Club and Chorale invite you to join Dr. Trey Davis, Associate Director of Choral Studies, for our upcoming international tour to Varna, Bulgaria and Amsterdam, Netherlands in summer 2019! In celebration of the 20 year anniversary of Varna International, we will spend a week at the music academy as […]

The post Join LSU Choirs in Amsterdam and Varna, Bulgaria in Summer 2019! appeared first on ChoralNet.

          Rock A Rail 2013 - Full Recap      Cache   Translate Page      

This here is the official recap of the Protest Rock A Rail, presented by Monster Energy. Last weekend was already the third edition of this event held in Den Haag in Netherlands, and it keeps on getting bigger. With names like the Helgasons, Ethan Morgan, Jaeger Bailey, Denis Leontyev, Benny Urban, Len Jørgensen, Eirik Nesse, Will Smith, Kas Lemmens, Ludde Lejkner and many more.
The parties were amazing, the crowd was hyped, drugs legal, but the best part was still the snowboarding so watch this edit and make sure you won't miss it next year.

1st Len Jørgensen
2nd Eirik Nesse
3rd Benny Urban

Best Trick: Kas Lemmens
Best girl: Tove Holmgren

Cast: Postland Theory

Tags: Rock A Rail, Postland, Monster, Protest, Dominik Wagner, Will Smith, Bob Van Unnik, Tove Holmgren, Gulli Gudmundsson, Max De Vries, Ollie Dutton, Simon Houlind, Cees Wille, Jesse Augustinus, Len Jorgensen, Kas Lemmens, Den Haag, Grote Markt and Railjam

          Pakistan face Malaysia in Hockey World Cup today      Cache   Translate Page      

BHUBANESHWAR: Pakistan face Malaysia in the second match of the Hockey World Cup in Bhubaneswar, India today (Wednesday). A must win match for both the sides, Pakistan lost their opening match 1-0 to Germany while Malaysia were thrashed 7-0 by Netherlands. Both sides have met four times in the World Cup with Pakistan winning each […]

The post Pakistan face Malaysia in Hockey World Cup today appeared first on Newsone.

          Electric Vehicles For Construction, Agriculture And Mining Market Growth and Development 2023 Key Players PapaBravo Innovations, XEMC China, Mahindra & Mahindra, Merlo, Sandvik, Mitsubishi, Multi Tool Trac Netherlands, New Holland, John Deere      Cache   Translate Page      
Electric Vehicles For Construction, Agriculture And Mining Market Growth and Development 2023 Key Players PapaBravo Innovations, XEMC China, Mahindra & Mahindra, Merlo, Sandvik, Mitsubishi, Multi Tool Trac Netherlands, New Holland, John Deere A comprehensive report recently added to the excellent database of Qurate Business Intelligence, titled “Global Electric Vehicles For Construction, Agriculture And Mining Market Analysis, Segmentation, Key Players, Future Outlook 2023”, provides an in – depth assessment of the market operating

          The Real Significance Of The French Tax Revolt      Cache   Translate Page      

Via Alt-Market

Any large and apparently spontaneous activist event can force a measure of change within a system (depending on longevity), but the problem is always how that movement is being directed.  Is it a legitimate grass roots effort, or is there something else at play? 

I am reserving judgement on the "Yellow Jackets" for now, and simply watching.  When they start engaging in public relations regularly, they will present terms, and also probably present their vision of France's future.  There will also be politicians that attach themselves to the movement if the movement achieves some success, as they seem poised to do.  Then, we will know who is involved, and if the movement is controlled opposition or a real front against centralization. 

Also keep in mind that the globalists may be seeking to give such "populist" movements room to grow, because they plan on collapsing the system anyway and blaming the whole mess on decentralization activists.  I certainly hope this is a win for the people of France, but I would never underestimate the 4th Generation warfare of the establishment.

- Brandon Smith, Founder of

This article was written by Peter C. Earle and originally published at

The gilets jaunes (Yellow Jacket) anti-tax riots in France escalated over the past weekend, again citing the impact of higher taxes on fossil fuels – and high levels of taxation in general – on everyday life. French citizens, already subject to the highest taxes in the OECD, are being crushed by both new and systematically increasing taxes, and have taken to the streets by the hundreds of thousands in a “citizen’s revolution”. Recommendations to declare a state of emergency have for the time being been tabled.

With no sense of irony whatsoever, in a press conference on Saturday French President Emmanuel Macron stated:

“I will never accept violence.”

Yet violence is the core component of his chosen vocation as a statesman.

Taxation poses as an equitable transaction – goods and services provided by a government in return for a fee (more galling and Orwellian, a “contribution”) from the taxpayer – but the nature of the interaction is obvious to all but the indifferent or determinedly thoughtless. It is not voluntary and does not follow from reason; neither will even the most indefatigable defenders of state appropriation, given the choice (and confidentiality), miss an opportunity to skirt the taxman and retain their property.

The force of violent compulsion is the quintessence of taxation and tax policy, thinly ensconced behind a veil of platitudes regarding social goods and general welfare. In Paris, an oft-repeated phrase among the protesters is that they’re “fed up.” Ambulance drivers have joined the protests, as have both teachers and students in at least 100 schools across France.

Levying taxes on individuals to combat climate change – or for the accomplishment of any social betterment project – is unfailingly undertaken in the name of the sanctity of life. Yet if life is an invaluable state and condition, so too is that of the right of personal property. A life absent the ability to enjoy the products of our toil by utilizing them directly or voluntarily exchanging them with that of others is a life circumscribed, and thus a life forcibly, purposely denigrated in quality.

Media images depicting the tax insurrection are dominated by burning cars, graffiti on the Arc de Triomphe, and clashes with police – despite the fact that the majority of the 136,000 protestors on Saturday were disruptive but peaceful.

Yet none should doubt the long-seething precursor to this conflagration despite the impossibility of capturing winnowed domestic budgets and severe fiscal hardship on film. Furor arising over a life circumscribed by bad luck or adverse conditions is considerable; that which results from unquestionable bureaucratic decrees is ultimately incendiary.

The public reaction to the incremental repression of life’s expression by state coercion at a certain point becomes immediate and visceral. It is playing itself out in the streets of Paris right now.

Consider the larger stakes here. For more than 100 years, European governments have built their invasive states, with the public sector controlling ever more of life. The promise of combining security and prosperity through state enhancement has failed to achieve its promise. And what does the political class propose? More government power, this time in the name of green energy.

At some point, it is too much. Just as the citizens suffering under Soviet rule finally said no more, the people suffering under social-democratic rule might someday do the same. Observers have waited decades to see reforms that might forestall such a thing. Reforms haven’t happened. Now the people are in the streets, setting fires and protesting the police.

And it’s not just France. It’s spreading to Belgium and the Netherlands – the building of a European Spring.

What we see in Paris today might be the end of social democracy as we know it. What comes in its place is what the battle of ideas today is really about.


           Video: Terrifying moment train narrowly misses cyclist at horror crossing       Cache   Translate Page      
This the terrifying video of a cyclist nearly hit by a train while going over a crossing. This was just a few days after the same thing happened to another cyclist in exactly the same place in Geleen, in southern Netherlands.
          Programmable LED Drivers Market Expectations & Growth Trends Highlighted Until 2028      Cache   Translate Page      

Fact.MR has announced the addition of the “Programmable LED Drivers Market Forecast, Trend Analysis & Competition Tracking - Global Market Insights 2018 to 2028"report to their offering.

New York, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 12/05/2018 -- Global Programmable LED Drivers Market: Overview

Considering the recent adoption of technology in the electronic components the devices are getting smarter than the old ones and becoming more user-friendly regarding operations. Today's LED lighting designers are focusing on maximizing performance of their lighting fixture designs using programmable LED drivers for enhancement in the quality and features of the lights they offer. To sustain this changing scenario, the designers are demanding for more sophisticated technologies such as programmable LED drivers from the power sources they choose. Evolution in the lightening technology is resulting in its increasing applications in the different areas including households to the industrial and for this programmable LED drivers are in constant demand nowadays. Programmable LED drivers are gaining popularity from the past few years as using these drivers the efficient lightening solutions are established. Designers and assembly lines are personalizing the key output characteristics using the programmable LED drivers as it allows the modifications using programming. Applications of programmable LED drivers is expected to increase in different areas as these drivers help in efficiency improvement and are offered with advanced features, which is expected to fuel the growth of the programmable LED drivers market.

Global Programmable LED Drivers Market: Drivers and Restraints

The fact that programmable LED drivers allow the user to control the input and output voltage as well as current and their availability in the wired as well as wireless forms, which is expected to fuel the demand for programmable LED drivers. In addition to this, users can manage the dimming curve for matching the output from the existing luminaires and also programmable LED drivers introduce the flexibility in the platform for new luminaire designs. Programmable LED drivers market is expected to grow at a significant rate over the forecast period due to availability of the advanced features such as auto programming, grouping, step dimming, dim-to-off, DMX address, and others. Manufacturers of the programmable LED drivers are increasingly focusing on development of the drivers as per the industry standards to increase the sale of the programmable LED drivers, which is also expected to drive the demand for programmable LED drivers over the forecast period. The other benefits of using the programmable LED drivers including reducing design time, lead time and inventory are some of the other factors responsible for growing demand for programmable LED drivers over the forecast period. On the other hand, lack of awareness regarding the programmable LED drivers applications in the developing and underdeveloped countries and higher prices are major factors expected to hinder the growth of the market for programmable LED drivers.

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Global Programmable LED Drivers Market: Segmentation

The global programmable LED drivers market is segmented on the basis of sales channel, applications, and regions.

Segmentation Based on Sales Channel:

On the basis of sales channel, the programmable LED drivers market is segmented into OEMs (original equipment manufacturers) and aftermarket.

Segmentation Based on Application:

On the basis of application, the programmable LED drivers market is segmented into the areas where programmable LED drivers are used for controlling the lightening appliances. Based on application, the programmable LED drivers market is segmented into office lighting, shop/retail lighting, hospitality and decorative lighting, industrial lighting, outdoor lighting, and others.

Segmentation Based on Region:

On the basis of region, the programmable LED drivers market is segmented into North America, Latin America, Europe, Eastern Europe, CIS & Russia, Japan, and MEA.

Global Programmable LED Drivers Market: Key Players

Examples of some of the key players in the global programmable LED drivers market include Efore Group, MOONS', MOSO, Hatch Lighting, FULHAM, Koninklijke Philips N.V., Hangzhou Moonlight Box Technology Co., Ltd., and Ningbo Luxdator Electrical Co., Ltd., among others. Programmable LED driver manufacturers are continuously focusing on innovations in their products. This strategy is followed by key programmable LED driver manufacturers for sustaining themselves in the increasing global competition. In addition to this, programmable LED driver manufacturers are focusing on delivering programmable LED drivers to different industries as per their product requirements. In addition to this, the companies are focusing on launching new products to increase the customer base and generate revenue. For example, in February 2017, MOSO launched LHP series, a series of programmable LED drivers. These drivers are offered by company with the warranty period of 5 years, IP67, and these are output programmable using the software.

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Global Programmable LED Drivers Market: Region Wise Outlook

Considering the demand for the programmable LED drivers the APEJ region is expected to grow at significant CAGR over the forecast period due to increasing government initiatives such as smart cities, which is parallel fuelling the demand for smart lights and hence programmable LED drivers. North America and Europe are expected to hold major market shares in terms of revenue generation from the sale of programmable LED drivers as its application in the hospitality and decorative lighting is increasing rapidly in developed countries present in these regions such as the U.S., U.K., and Germany. The demand for programmable LED drivers in Japan and CIS & Russia is expected to increase over the forecast period due to its use in industrial lighting. On the other hand, the MEA programmable LED drivers market is expected to grow at moderate CAGR over the forecast period due to less adoption rate for the more technologically advanced products.

The report covers an exhaustive analysis on:

Market Segments
Market Dynamics
Historical/Actual Market Size, 2013-2017
Market Size & Forecast, 2018 to 2028
Supply & Demand Value Chain
Current Trends/Issues/Challenges
Competition & Companies Involved
Value Chain of the Market
Drivers and Restraints
Regional analysis Includes:

North America
Latin America
Rest of Latin America 
EU – 4 (Germany, France, Italy, Spain)
BENELUX (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg)
NORDIC (Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Sweden)
Eastern Europe (Poland, Ukraine, Czech Rep., etc.)
Rest of Europe
CIS & Russia
Greater China
ASEAN Countries
Rest of APEJ
Middle East & Africa
GCC Countries
South Africa
Rest of MEA
The report is a compilation of first-hand information, qualitative and quantitative assessment by industry analysts, and inputs from industry experts and industry participants across the value chain. The report provides an in-depth analysis of parent market trends, macro-economic indicators, and governing factors, along with market attractiveness as per segment. The report also maps the qualitative impact of various market factors on market segments and geographies.

Report Highlights:

Detailed overview of parent market
Changing market dynamics of the industry
In-depth market segmentation
Historical, current, and projected market size in terms of volume and value
Recent industry trends and developments
Competitive landscape
Strategies of key players and product offerings
Potential and niche segments/regions exhibiting promising growth
A neutral perspective towards market performance
Must-have information for market players to sustain and enhance their market

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          Ticket Admission Systems Market Inclinations & Development Status Highlighted for the Forecast Period Between 2018 to 2028      Cache   Translate Page      

Fact.MR has announced the addition of the “ Ticket Admission Systems Market Forecast, Trend Analysis & Competition Tracking - Global Market Insights 2018 to 2028"report to their offering.

New York, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 12/05/2018 -- Ticket Admission Systems Market: Introduction

Continuous improvements in infrastructure and advancements in automation facilities are the main factors driving the global ticket admission systems market.  The ticket admission systems market is witnessing traction due to its growing usage in multiple interface applications. Ticket admission systems can read multiple configurations, such as radio frequency identification (RFID) and cross section of the barcode. They enhance industry utility. RFID chips installed in cards, tickets or wristbands are used for security, identification, payment and statistical tracking purposes. Ticket admission systems track the number of tickets purchased in real time.  Vendors prefer RFID cards for ticket admission systems since RFID is touch to forge and thus, reduces fraud. Another advantage of ticket admission systems is the use of RFID technology in. RFID tags are easy to read and do not require direct contact with the scanner or reader. Ticket admission systems speed up access at terminals. Ticket admission systems also reduce the manpower required at terminals by automating the security process. Ticket admission systems use RFID readers which use advanced technologies, such as HID and Mifare. HID and Mifare are the contactless technologies used for cashless purchase access control and ticket events. Admission ticket systems are cryptically protected.

Ticket admission systems witness wide applications. Major applications of ticket admission systems include turnstiles and revolving doors, door access control, locker access control, car parking payment access systems, port ACC access control, etc. Turnstile and revolving doors use non-contact RFID systems and are mostly used in high traffic areas, such as airports, banks, sports and concert venues and others. Ticket admission systems (door access control) allow only a specific person to enter based on the protocols entered in the card. Ticket admission systems (locker access control) provide additional security and also monitor the lockers. Ticket admission systems (car parking payment access system) comes different types and are capable of calculating toll, tax, parking time charges and others. Advanced ticket admission systems have multiple types of automated points of access.

Several developments in ticket admission systems with reference to technology, steady growth of the market and recent developments & innovations are among the factors expected to drive the global ticket admission systems market during the forecast period.

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Ticket Admission Systems Market: Drivers and challenges

Continuous developments in ticket admission systems and shift towards automated buildings is driving the global ticket admission systems market. Features, such as reduced manpower, reduced cost, time efficiency, high security, fast ticket validation, real-time tracking, restricted entry on exit points and use of advanced technologies, such as RFID and barcodes, are increasing the adoption of ticket admission systems and also significantly contributing to the growth of global ticket admission systems market. Continuous advancements in infrastructure and public sector, such as railway stations and airport developments, are having a positive impact on the growth of global ticket admission systems market during the forecast period.

The threat of data hacking, ticket admission systems failure during rush hours and card forging are some of the major challenges hindering the growth of the market. However, vendors are continuously focused on the development of advanced ticket admission systems to overcome the above mentioned challenges.

Ticket Admission Systems Market: Segmentation

Segmentation based on the application:

The ticket admission systems market is segmented based on the type of application into turnstile or revolving door, car parking payment access system, locker access, door access, port ACC access and others.

Segmentation based on the component:

The ticket admission systems market is segmented based on the type of component into hardware, software and services. Software segment can further be segmented into on-premise and cloud based.

Segmentation based on the end-user:

The ticket admission systems market is segmented based on end user into airports, stadium, commercial buildings, offices, amusement parks and others.

Ticket Admission Systems Market: Key Players

Some of the key players operating in the ticket admission systems market are Gateway Ticketing Systems, Advance Systems Access Control, Experience, Semnox Solutions Private Limited, Admit One, AuthentiGATE, Q-Systems, Totem Ticketing and Access Solutions, VIVATICKET SPA and Thunder Data Systems, Inc.

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Ticket Admission Systems Market: Regional Overview

North America and Europe are expected to hold major market share in the global ticket admission systems market during the forecast period due to growth of smart cities and the huge number of national events happening in these regions. APEJ is expected to be the fastest growing region during the forecast period due to the continuous developments taking place in developing countries, such as China and India.

The report covers exhaustive analysis on:

Ticket Admission Systems Market Segments

Market Dynamics
Historical Actual Market Size, 2013 - 2017
Market Size & Forecast 2018 to 2028
Value Chain
Market Current Trends/Issues/Challenges
Competition & Companies involved
Market Drivers and Restraints
Regional analysis for Ticket Admission Systems Market includes development in the following regions:

North America
Latin America
Rest of LatAm
EU – 4 (Germany, France, Italy, Spain)
BENELUX (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg)
NORDIC (Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Sweden)
Eastern Europe (Poland, Ukraine, Czech Rep. etc.)
Rest of Europe 
CIS & Russia
Greater China
ASEAN Countries
Rest of APEJ 
Middle East & Africa
GCC Countries
South Africa
Rest of MEA              
The report is a compilation of first-hand information, qualitative & quantitative assessment by industry analysts, as well as inputs from industry experts & industry participants across the value chain. The report provides in-depth analysis of parent market trends, macro-economic indicators and governing factors along with market attractiveness as per segments. The report also maps the qualitative impact of various market factors on market segments and geographies.

Report Analysis@ 

Report Highlights:

Detailed overview of parent market
Changing market dynamics of the industry
In-depth market segmentation
Historical, current and projected market size in terms of value
Recent industry trends and developments
Competitive landscape
Strategies of key players and product offerings
Potential and niche segments/regions exhibiting promising growth
A neutral perspective towards market performance

Must-have information for market players to sustain and enhance their market footprint

For more information on this press release visit:

Media Relations Contact

Marketing Head
Telephone: +353-1-4434-232
Email: Click to Email Hussain


          Police target 'Ndrangheta mafia in raids across Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
Police in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium have arrested several members of the Calabrian mafia, German media report. The 'Ndrangheta is heavily involved in Europe's cocaine trade. Reported by Deutsche Welle 26 minutes ago.
          Comment on What Happens When the Lights Go Out — Permanently? by Ban Islam      Cache   Translate Page      
Good article, Frank Gaffney has discussed this issue in-depth as well. He mentioned there are 50 key transformers across the US which power the grid. An EMP would take them all out, they're extremely costly and complicated/time-consuming to build and there are no spares lying around. The scenario you mentioned isn't far from actually happening. Politicians in Pakistan recently threatened to nuke the Netherlands over the Mohammad cartoons. It is also a central hub of international terrorism and the man running the country Imran Khan is close friends with the Taliban. So basically it is like an ISIS state with nukes. How hard would it be for them to hand them off to Al Qaeda or other terrorists to use against America? Don't forget that Pakistan was also hiding Osama bin Laden for many years, until a good guy, Dr Afridi tipped us off to his location. Fkg Obama let this man get jailed and tortured as his reward for helping us, rather than allowing him to escape the country. As Pam always reminds us, we can ignore reality but not the consequences of ignoring reality. Frankly I don't think we should be playing games with Iran, Pakistan and NK. They should be denuclearized ASAP. Additionally the US grid must be hardened against EMP attacks. The money is there all that is lacking is the political will.
          Publishers Lunch      Cache   Translate Page      

Barnes & Noble Education underperformed again, with second quarter sales falling 8.1 percent to $815 million, and investors headed straight for the door. Ninety minutes after market open, shares were down approximately 28 percent, to about $4.60 a share, which would be a new all-time low for the stock if it holds. (At that price, the market cap is around $209 million.)

Sales at the College stores declined $54.4 million, with comparable store sales down 5.6 percent, "primarily due to lower textbook sales." Sales from net new stores (new stores less closed stores) declined by $15.2 million, compared to an increase of $21.1 million in the prior year. MBS sales fell $15.9 million, or 11.8 percent, on "lower publisher rental penetration than anticipated, as well as lower net sales of traditional wholesale textbooks."

CEO Mike Huseby says in the announcement, "During the first half of fiscal 2019, BNED accomplished significant milestones in its continued development of the digital services and offerings the industry is demanding. While we are pleased with the improvement in consolidated net income, our focus is on investing in digital growth platforms and offerings for the future while also taking steps to preserve current levels of profitability and cash flow." The company said that its outlook for the full year is now "expected to be at the low end" of its guidance.

Alexa Pastor has been promoted to editor for Atheneum.

Ashley Vanicekhas been promoted to PR specialist at Amazon Publishing, supporting Lake Union Publishing and Thomas & Mercer.

Mark Weinsteinhas joined Diversion Books as senior editor. He was previously an executive editor at Rodale Books,

Staci Burthas joined Grand Central as publicity manager. She was previously at St. Martin's.

Hannah Zirkler joined the Marianne Schönbach Literary Agency in the Netherlands as literary agent/executive assistant.

Kate Atkinsonwill
publishBIG SKY, her first Jackson Brodie novel since 2010 next year in June with Doubleday UK and Transworld.

          European authorities launch crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      
Authorities are conducting coordinated raids in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands in a crackdown on the Italian mafia. German federal police said in a statement Wednesday that there had … Click to Continue »
          Netherlands Playboy Model Lotte      Cache   Translate Page      
Netherlands Playboy Model Lotte

          European Commission adopts action plan on Dutch fisheries control system      Cache   Translate Page      
The European Commission today adopted an action plan to boost fisheries control in the Netherlands.
          #traffic - agribumper_frontweight      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Breda tirbaħ il-Premju għall-Belt Aċċessibbli tal-2019, wara li tejbet l-aċċess għaċ-ċittadini b'diżabbiltà      Cache   Translate Page      
Il-Kummissjoni Ewropea - Stqarrija għall-istampa Brussell, I-4ta' dicembru 2018 Il-Premju għall-Belt Aċċessibbli tal-2019 ingħata lill-belt ta' Breda, fin-Netherlands, billi baqgħet tiffaċilita l-ħajja tal-persuni b'diżabbiltà. Dan ir-rikonoxximent ingħata dalgħodu waqt iċ-Ċerimonja tal-Premju għall-Belt Aċċessibbli fi Brussell. Breda hija sors ta' ispirazzjoni għall-bliet fl-Ewropa u lil hinn li jaffaċċjaw sfidi simili.
          MarchFourth returning to perform Wednesday, March 20 at Old Rock House      Cache   Translate Page      
The eclectic band MarchFourth will be returning to St. Louis to perform at 8:00 p.m. Wednesday, March 20 at the Old Rock House.

Originally from Portland, OR, the group was formed for a Mardi Gras gig in 2003, and includes stilt-walkers, acrobats and dancers as well as up to five percussionists and six brass and wind players in its lineup of 15 to 20 musicians and performers.

While they obviously draw inspiration from the marching band tradition, MarchFourth's music incorporates influences from jazz, rock, ska, klezmer, hip-hop, swing, Afro-Cuban beats, and more. They've toured extensively in the US and in Germany, The Netherlands, France, Canada, and China, and their music has been featured in TV and film productions including a commercial for Microsoft and the Pixar film Monsters University.

MarchFourth (pictured) last played St. Louis in October 2015, also at the Old Rock House. (You can see some videos of them in a post from before that gig here.) Their most recent studio recording is 2016's Magic Number, recorded in New Orleans with Ben Ellman of Galactic producing and guest appearances from Trombone Shorty, drummer Stanton Moore, and more.

Tickets for MarchFourth at Old Rock House are $18 general admission for all ages, and will go on sale at 10:00 a.m. this Friday, December 7 via Metrotix.
          S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) establishes EU Authorised Benchmark Administrator in Amsterdam      Cache   Translate Page      

LONDON, Dec. 5, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- S&P DJI today announced that the Dutch Authority for Financial Markets (AFM) granted S&P DJI Netherlands B.V. (S&P DJI BV) authorisation as a regulated Dutch benchmark administrator, under the EU benchmark regulation. The authorisation of S&P DJI BV...

          Brexit is not the only problem for the EU      Cache   Translate Page      
Right now the EU is seeing a surge of unrest that will concentrate their minds more than Brexit. PLEASE WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW The Gilets Jaunes, or yellow vest movement appears to have caused quite a stir in France and the Netherlands and has taken the very nasty turn towards violence in Paris in the […]
          Offer - Best Taxi Service - UK      Cache   Translate Page      
Best Taxi Service Zakelijk Transport - Taxi Amsterdam-020 biedt executive taxi en goedkope services in Amsterdam, Schiphol Airport Transfers Business.Visit for more information: Contact us:OUR CENTRAL IS AVAILABLE 24/7Our addressWakerdijk 1 1446 BR Purmerend , {Municipality in the Netherlands},Europe{Holland}Company detailsKvK: 65298470 , BTW Nr: 856056121B01IBAN: NL51 INGB 0007 3176 55 , BIC: INGBNL2APhone: +31 64 444 4087email tp info@taxiamsterdam-020.comZip code:77627,80466Postcod: 8362
          Arjen Robben targeted by PSV Eindhoven, Groningen after Bayern Munich exit      Cache   Translate Page      
The FC guys answer your tweets on Neymar's diving, Keylor Navas' future, where Arjen Robben ranks among the Dutch greats and more. Bayern Munich's Arjen Robben has described his time with the club as a beautiful period of his life but believe it is the right time to move on after 10 years in Germany. PSV Eindhoven and Groningen are interested in bringing winger Arjen Robben back to the Netherlands when he leaves Bayern Munich at the end of the season. Former Netherlands captain Robben, 34, said at the weekend that this would be his final season at Bayern after 10 years with the Bundesliga champions. He has yet to decide whether he will end his playing career or continue at another club, and Groningen and Eindhoven, two of his former sides, have set their sights on a move. Transfers How a transfer works With help from former Tottenham and Liverpool director of football Damien Comolli, we show you a step-by-step guide to a transfer. What's a medical like? Can a 44-year-old man cut it in the Premier League? Our writer suffers -- and suffers some more -- through a medical at Everton. Watch live games, ESPN FC TV and MLS Rewind on ESPN+ in the U.S. FC Exclusives - United targeting Dortmund's Witsel - Chelsea, Juve watching Yunus Akgun - Chelsea committed to Hazard deal - Barca eye Suarez replacement - Man United eye Everton Soares "It would be the ultimate...
          12/5/2018: BUSINESS: New products tackle effects of blue light      Cache   Translate Page      
THE WIDESPREAD use of smartphones and other digital devices has exposed Thais and other Asians to more blue light, making it necessary to develop a protective skin solution, according to DSM, a Netherlands-based global supplier of personal care...
          The Forgotten Workers      Cache   Translate Page      
Fighting for the rights of domestic workers in America, plus other 'forgotten' segments of the economy. Jane Wakefield speaks to Ai-jen Poo, executive director of the National Domestic Workers Alliance in the US, at a TED Women event in California. Yvonne Van Amerongen describes a 'dementia village' in the Netherlands allowing older people with the condition to continue to be part of society rather rather than being forgotten in a nursing home. And Activist Danielle Moss Lee defends 'average' workers. (Photo: Domestic worker being trained in Manila, Philippines, Credit: Getty Images)
          Manawatū Dutch Sinterklaas party trades Black Petes for plain Petes       Cache   Translate Page      
​ManawatÅ«'s Dutch Club could be leading New Zealand's communities from the Netherlands in ditching the racist tradition of black-faced helpers at Sinterklaas pre-Christmas parties.
          Offer - Pediatric Cardiology Conferences | Pediatric Conferences - Other Cities      Cache   Translate Page      
Pediatric Cardiology 2019 is immensely pleased to invite all the participants (speakers, delegates, exhibitors, Doctors, Researchers, Students) from all over the globe, which is to be held at Amsterdam, Netherlands from February 18-19, 2019. The conference incorporates expeditious presentations, sessions, interactive discussions, workshops, poster presentations and exhibitions. Emphasizing on the theme “Investigating the Potential Outcomes and Research in Pediatric Cardiology”. We are eagerly waiting for your kind presence at the conference to enlighten the world through your discussions and sharing your vast knowledge and research in the field of Pediatrics.
          Dozens arrested in European operation against organised crime      Cache   Translate Page      
Dozens of people were arrested in Italy, the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium and South America on Wednesday in an operation against members of Italy's 'Ndrangheta organised crime group, officials said.

          Police target 'Ndrangheta mafia in raids across Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
Police in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium have arrested several members of the Calabrian mafia, German media report. The 'Ndrangheta is heavily involved in Europe's cocaine trade.
          Janssen affiliate and Dutch company ink $1.6B deal to develop cancer drug       Cache   Translate Page      
Cilag, an affiliate of Janssen, is teaming up with a Netherlands-based biopharmac company called Argenx to develop a treatment for certain cancers.
          Glass Extension Breathes Life into 1920’s Brick House in the Hague      Cache   Translate Page      

Finding a beautiful balance between the old and the new, the Fig Tree House in La Haya, The Netherlands, combines greenery with a variety of textures and an open, modern ambiance. Revamped and extended by Bloot Architecture, the original brick house was built in 1927 and it still retains much of its classical charm. Its […]

You're reading Glass Extension Breathes Life into 1920’s Brick House in the Hague, originally posted on Decoist. If you enjoyed this post, be sure to follow Decoist on Twitter, Facebook and Pinterest.

          Comment on How do you manage it all? Thoughts and tips about juggling and trying to stay on top of things. by Esther in Amsterdam      Cache   Translate Page      
Hi Jo, I'm sorry for my slow response. For some strange reason, your comment had landed in our spam folder. So -- weight. Yes, in The Netherlands, children are measured and weighed by a health care official during the first years of their lives. They are compared to the Dutch average for weight/length (Dutch children are taller than average), and this way they keep an eye on the growth of a child. As you can imagine, my children usually are taller than the Dutch average, but weigh less. They are on the skinny side. But still within the 'safe zone'. When I lived in the UK, and Sara was a baby, she was a bit underweight, as I was told, and I was recommended to add formula to her diet (I was breastfeeding exclusively at the time). I never did -- I trusted my milk supply and just figured she was naturally skinny. Now she's thirteen, and eats enormous amounts of (healthy) food, and is still as tall as skinny as she was as a baby. As are my other children. They eat well, and healthy, but they are skinny. So aside from that moment with baby Sara, it has never been an issue and I've never been worried. I hope that helps...? xxx Esther
          The Real Significance Of The French Tax Revolt      Cache   Translate Page      

At some point, it is too much. Just as the citizens suffering under Soviet rule finally said no more, the people suffering under social-democratic rule might someday do the same. Observers have waited decades to see reforms that might forestall such a thing. Reforms haven’t happened. Now the people are in the streets, setting fires and protesting the police. -- And it’s not just France. It’s spreading to Belgium and the Netherlands – the building of a European Spring. -- What we see in Paris today might be the end of social democracy as we know it. What comes in its place is what the battle of ideas today is really about.

          Dutch art panel's ruling against Jewish family criticised as 'step back'      Cache   Translate Page      

Committee backed museum in battle over Kandinsky painting obtained before Nazis invaded

The decision of a Dutch art committee to back one of the Netherlands’ most prestigious museums in its attempt to hold on to a prized painting obtained from a Jewish family in 1940 has sparked an international outcry over the fate of Nazi loot across Europe.

The binding ruling against the descendants of Emanuel Lewenstein has come under heavy criticism after it emerged that the committee had taken into account the need to maintain the “public art stock”.

Continue reading...
          European authorities launch crackdown on Italian mob       Cache   Translate Page      
The targeted places were on the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia, which borders the Netherlands and Belgium, and Bavaria to the south.
          Angela Merkel's Plane Diverted On Its Way To G20      Cache   Translate Page      
According to CNN, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's plane was forced to turn around and make an unscheduled landing due a technical problem. Merkel was heading to Argentina for the G-20. A spokesman for Merkel said that the plane landed safely in Cologne, but Merkel has had to reschedule some meetings due to the delay. They were reportedly flying over the Netherlands when they were told there had been an 'electronic systems failure' and turned around to land at the Cologne airport.
          The north wins the battle | De Volkskrant - Netherlands      Cache   Translate Page      
          Scientists find larger brain gives you better memory, logic AND reactions       Cache   Translate Page      
The question has been asked for over 200 years, with no clear link found. Researchers from the US and the Netherlands used a sample size of 13,600 Britons, 70% larger than earlier studies.
          A magical coincidence?      Cache   Translate Page      

The logo of a Turkish entertainment company appears to show great similarities with the logo of the amusement park "Toverland" (Magic Land), situated in the provence of Limburg, The Netherlands. At first glance, the logo of the Turkish company Sento Entertainment seems to be directly based on the new Toverland logo, designed by the Eindhoven-based [...]

The post A magical coincidence? appeared first on Knijff Trademark Attorneys.

          Decimal numbers with comma fail validation in German or Turkish      Cache   Translate Page      


I have Language option in my project with localization. 

if I use  type="number" in Turkish Or German I get this error that "Please enter a number". Number is 1,5

if I use English, I mean 1.2 in Enlish, there is no problem ?

how to fix it ? why I can not use type="number"

public decimal Price { get; set; }
<div class="form-group">
   <label asp-for="Price"></label>
   <input asp-for="Price" class="form-control" type="number"/>
   <span asp-validation-for="Price" class="text-danger"></span>

in Turkish and Germany, Decimal Symbol is comma and 

Digit grouping symbol is dot/full stop

The following examples show the decimal separator and the thousands separator in various countries.

Style Countries
1,234,567.89 Canada (English-speaking; unofficial), China, Hong Kong, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, México, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States.
1234567.89 SI style (English version), Australia, Canada (English-speaking), China, Sri Lanka, Switzerland (officially encouraged for currency numbers only[40]).
1234567,89 SI style (French version), Albania, Belgium (French), Bulgaria, Canada (French-speaking), Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Latin Europe, Norway, Peru, Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland (officially encouraged, except currency numbers[40]), Ukraine.
1,234,567·89 Ireland, Malaysia, Malta, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, United Kingdom (older, typically hand written)[41]
1.234.567,89 Argentina, Austria, Belgium (Dutch: most common), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia,[42][43] Denmark, Germany, Greece, Indonesia, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain,[44]Turkey, Vietnam.
12,34,567.89 Bangladesh, India (see Indian Numbering System).
1'234'567.89 Switzerland (computing), Liechtenstein.
1'234'567,89 Switzerland (handwriting).
1.234.567'89 Spain (handwriting).
123,4567.89 China (based on powers of 10 000—see Chinese numerals).

          Mbappe wins inaugural Kopa Trophy      Cache   Translate Page      
Kylian Mbappe has won the inaugural Kopa Trophy, a new award given to the world's best male footballer aged under 21. The Paris Saint-Germain striker was one of the stars in France's triumphant World Cup campaign as Didier Deschamps' squad emerged victorious at the Russia 2018 tournament. With 32 goals in 56 games in all competitions for club and country in 2018, Mbappe beat fellow nominees including Liverpool full-back Trent Alexander-Arnold and Borussia Dortmund's United States international Christian Pulisic. "I am very happy to receive this award," Mbappe said at Monday's ceremony. "This rewards a great year, which I realised thanks to all my team-mates at PSG and with the national team. "I will never forget the adventure of the World Cup. It's a good time to thank them. And it's an extra motivation to keep working. "My next goal? It is to win everything. It will be with hard work and help from my team-mates." Congratulations Kylian Mbappé (@KMbappe), the first ever winner of the Kopa Trophy! #kopatrophy #ballondor — #ballondor (@francefootball) December 3, 2018 Mbappe, the top goalscorer in Europe's top-five leagues this season with 12 strikes, was the only player on the shortlist for the Kopa Trophy who was also listed among the nominees for the Ballon d'Or prize. With Luka Modric expected to claim the main France Football award later in the ceremony, 19-year-old Mbappe is certain of a place in the top five. France Football also announced the winner of the maiden women's Ballon d'Or, with Norway's Ada Hegerberg taking the prize. The Lyon striker helped the club win the Women's Champions League for the third year in a row, scoring in their final defeat of Wolfsburg. Olympique Lyonnais player Ada Hegerberg wins the first women's Ballon d'Or of the history! #ballondor — #ballondor (@francefootball) December 3, 2018 Brazil's Marta, United States stars Megan Rapinoe and Lindsey Horan, England duo Lucy Bronze and Fran Kirby, Canada's Christine Sinclair and Lieke Martens of Netherlands were all shortlisted. Also in the running were France trio Wendie Renard, Amandine Henry and Amel Majri, Australia's Sam Kerr, Japan's Saki Kumagai, Germany's Dzsenifer Marozsan and Denmark's Pernille Harder. "I don't have words, it's amazing," Hederberg said. "This is a great moment for me. I want to say thank you to my team-mates. It would not have been possible without you, thank you!"
          Partially cloaked Triangle UFOs caught over Melbourne, Florida and the Netherlands      Cache   Translate Page      
Partially cloaked Triangle UFOs caught over Melbourne, Florida and the Netherlands Last week, the same type of a triangle-shaped UFO has
          Submission Specialist      Cache   Translate Page      
Salary: On Application (GBP)
Location: Netherlands, Braine L´Alleud
Company: Syneos Health
Posted: 04 December 2018 14:07:17
Expiry: 04 January 2019 14:03:50
          Regulatory Affairs Manager      Cache   Translate Page      
Salary: Negotiable (GBP)
Location: Netherlands, Netherlands
Company: i-Pharm Consulting
Posted: 04 December 2018 12:14:22
Expiry: 18 December 2018 00:00:00
          Dozens arrested in European crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      
Raids in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands were the culmination of an investigation into the ‘ndrangheta criminal group.
          90 held in raids as police target Italian mafia across Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
The arrests were made in Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium.
          Painting bought at thrift store auctioned for $34,025      Cache   Translate Page      
A Netherlands man is enjoying an unexpected windfall after a painting he bought for $85 at a thrift store sold for $34,025.
          Dozens arrested in European crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      
Raids in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands were the culmination of an investigation into the ‘ndrangheta criminal group.
          90 held in raids as police target Italian mafia across Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
The arrests were made in Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium.
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          North Sea stakeholders discuss way forward for regional blue growth      Cache   Translate Page      
About 60 stakeholders from the North Sea region met on 20 and 21 June in The Hague, Netherlands for a workshop on strategic cooperation on blue growth in the North Sea area, organised by the European Commission.
          Commission confirms Dutch fisheries measures for three Natura 2000 sites      Cache   Translate Page      
Today the European Commission confirmed fisheries management measures that the Netherlands propose for three coastal areas designated as part of the Natura 2000 network: Vlakte van de Raan and Voordelta in Southern Netherlands and the North Sea Coastal Zone in the Wadden Sea.
          Can England win UEFA Nations League? Bookies cast their vote after semi-final draw      Cache   Translate Page      

A resurgent Netherlands team is all that is standing between England and a place in the final of the first ever UEFA Nations League, and the bookies are backing the Three Lions to bring the Dutch back down to Earth.

To Win UEFA Nations LeagueEngland7/4£30: Bet £10 Get £30 in Free BetsBet £10 Get £30.

The final four of the Nations League has thrown up a few surprises, none more so than the appearance of a Netherlands team who looked to set to be involved in a battle against relegation from the top tier after being paired with Germany and world champions France.

However, they were able to upstage Les Bleus in order to win the three-team group and advance to the final four, and they will now look to continue their climb back up the international ladder by eliminating an England team that avenged the World Cup exit at the hands of Croatia by eliminating the Croatians and Spain from their group.

The bookies are not expecting that to happen though.

England remain favourites to win the inaugural UEFA Nations League, but they are no longer sole leaders in the market because they are now joined on 7/4 by European champions Portugal, who have been paired with surprise package Switzerland in the semi-finals.

In terms of match betting, England are 13/10 with William Hill to get the better of the Netherlands in 90 minutes, with a victory for the Dutch priced up at 15/8 and the draw available at 11/5 at this time.

The Three Lions are odds-on favourites ‘To Qualify’ for the final at 4/6, with the Netherlands 11/10 to spring an upset and book their first appearance in a major international final since losing the 2010 World Cup Final against Spain.

In the other tie, Portugal are 4/6 to get the job done in 90 minutes and 1/3 to advance from the semi-finals, with Switzerland 9/4 to pull off a shock victory and qualify for the Nations League final. 

Latest William Hill Odds

Nations League Winner: 7/4 England; 7/4 Portugal; 10/3 Holland; 6/1 Switzerland

15/8 Holland; 13/10 England; 11/5 draw4/6 Portugal; 4/1 Switzerland; 23/10 draw

11/10 Holland; 4/6 England1/3 Portugal; 9/4 Switzerland
          European authorities launch crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      

Authorities are conducting co-ordinated raids in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands in a crackdown on the Italian mafia. German federal police said there had been multiple arrests in the early morning raids on premises linked to the ‘ndrangheta, a southern Italy-based organised crime group. In Germany the focus was on the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia, which borders the Netherlands and Belgium, and Bavaria to the south. Police said the operation is being coordinated by Eurojust, a European unit established to fight cross-border organised crime. A news conference has been scheduled for later in the day in The Hague.

The post European authorities launch crackdown on Italian mob appeared first on London Glossy Post.

          Sharing Expertise in Communities and Social Networks      Cache   Translate Page      
It’s a light posting week as I travel to Emerson facilities in Switzerland and The Netherlands to interact with our subject matter experts and share skills and tips to build their confidence and abilities to share their expertise in our Emerson Exchange 365 community, LinkedIn and Twitter. Here’s the team that joined together in our […] The post Sharing Expertise in Communities and Social Networks appeared first on the Emerson Automation Experts blog.
          Hockey WC: Germany thrash Netherlands 4-1      Cache   Translate Page      

[India], Dec 5 (ANI): In a match between two European powerhouses, Germany defeated the Netherlands with a dominating 4-1 margin to top the Pool D in the ongoing Men's Hockey World Cup here at Kalinga Stadium on Wednesday.

Germany took the attacking initiative in the first quarter as Christopher Ruhr made his way with a reverse hit but the Dutch goalkeeper Pirmin Blaak narrowed the angle and the ball crashed into the side-boarding. In the seventh minute, the German defence prevented Seve van Ass from having a shot at the goal.

Mirco Pruijser, in the 13th minute, opened the score-line for the Dutch side after a superb run from Valentin Verga into the smallest of spaces on the left side. The midfielder got to the baseline and crossed it across goalmouth where Pruijser was there to add the finishing touch.

In the second quarter, Christopher Ruhr showed some superb stick work to prepare his shot from the edge of the circle. However, three Dutch sticks surrounded him to prevent from shooting. From a clever penalty corner in the 30th minute, Mathias Muller equalised variation to level things for Germany just before the half-time.

The Dutch side, in the third quarter, won three penalty corners in a row. But it did not amount to any goal as the Germans managed to clear out the danger. Christopher Ruhr, in the 45th minute, found himself with large space inside the circle. Billy Bakker reached the penalty area at the other end, but German captain Martin Haner put an excellent tackle.

In the 52nd minute of the match, Lukas Windfeder gave his team the lead with a powerful drag-flick into the bottom right corner. Two minutes later, Marco Miltkau took another comfortable lead. As the Dutch buckled under the pressure, in the 58th minute Christopher Ruhr scored from a penalty stroke to seal the deal in a 4-1 victory over the Netherlands.

Germany will next take on Malaysia, while the Netherlands will play against Pakistan in their final Pool D fixture on December 9. (ANI)

          AutoWeek Classics Netherlands - december 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
AutoWeek Classics Netherlands - december 2018

          90 arrested in international operation against Italian mafia      Cache   Translate Page      

The Hague, Dec 5 (IANS) In a major international campaign against the Italian mafia clan 'Ndrangheta, a total of 90 arrests were made on Wednesday, European judicial cooperation authority Eurojust announced here.

Supported by a coordination centre at Eurojust, judicial and law enforcement authorities from the Netherlands, Italy, Germany and Belgium executed the arrests and seizures against 'Ndrangheta, an organized crime group based in Calabria, Italy, for cocaine trafficking, money laundering, bribery and violence.

The action, code named "Pollino", was the result of an intensive joint investigation coordinated at European level, Xinhua news agency reported.

A total of 200 million euros ($227 million) of criminal money, as well as 140 kg of ecstasy pills and more than 3,000 kg of cocaine were seized.

"This shows that international crime can be tackled well if we work well together," said Eurojust Vice-President Filippo Spiezia.

Wil van Gemert, Deputy Director of Europol, said: "This shows the importance of international cooperation and I am convinced this operation will lead to new investigations."

The operation took place one day after Settimo Mineo, the alleged head or "godfather" of the Sicilian Mafia, Cosa Nostra, was arrested with 46 other people in the Palermo region of Italy, according to the Italian police and anti-Mafia prosecutors in Palermo.

Earlier this year, 170 people in Italy and Germany were arrested in an anti-Mafia swoop.

"This is just a small step," said Federico Cafiero De Raho, the Italian National Anti-mafia and Anti-terrorism Prosecutor during the press conference.

"These arrests are nothing for 'Ndrangheta. There should be over 1,000 arrests and billions of euros should be seized. The wealth and richness of this organization is enormous."



          Dozens arrested in European crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      
Raids in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands were the culmination of an investigation into the ‘ndrangheta criminal group.
          90 held in raids as police target Italian mafia across Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
The arrests were made in Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium.
          Philips awarded Dutch 'Crystal Prize' for leading change in supply chain sustainability      Cache   Translate Page      

  Royal Philips  (NYSE: PHG, AEX: PHIA), a global leader in health technology, has been awarded the prestigious Dutch 'Crystal Prize', which this year focused on 'Chain Transparency'. Organized by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs in conjunction with the Netherlands Institute of Chartered Accountants (NBA), the award recognizes Philips for openness about its supply chain responsibility, transparency regarding its own impact, its cooperation with other stakeholders, and evidence of sup...

Read the full story at

          Janssen affiliate and Dutch company ink $1.6B deal to develop cancer drug      Cache   Translate Page      
Cilag, an affiliate of Janssen, is teaming up with a Netherlands-based biopharmac company called Argenx to develop a treatment for certain cancers. (Source:
          Luke AFB stands up F-35 squadron for Netherlands, Denmark's F-35 training      Cache   Translate Page      
The 308th Fighter Squadron was stood up in a ceremony at Luke Air Force Base on Nov. 30th as part of a F-35 training unit for the Netherlands and Denmark.
          Dozens arrested in European crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      
Raids in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands were the culmination of an investigation into the ‘ndrangheta criminal group.
          The Latest: Brazil: Climate talks must listen to all nations      Cache   Translate Page      
Netherlands_Climate_92873The Latest on the two-week U.N. climate meeting in Poland (all times local):
          Taking Back Sunday Are Heading Out On Tour      Cache   Translate Page      

They'll be celebrating their 20th anniversary.

Taking Back Sunday have announced a European tour.

To celebrate their 20th anniversary, they'll be visiting venues across the UK, Ireland, Germany and The Netherlands.

Those dates are:


13 - BIRMINGHAM Institute
14 - GLASGOW Barrowlands
15 - BELFAST Limelight
16 - DUBLIN Vicar Street
18 - LONDON Troxy
19 - MANCHESTER Academy
20 - BRISTOL Academy
23 - AMSTERDAM Melkweg
24 - COLOGNE Gloria
25 - BERLIN SO36
26 - HAMBURG Gruenspan

They'll be releasing a celebratory compilation, 'Twenty', on January 11 via Craft Recordings. 

It features two new songs, and you can hear one of them, 'All Ready To Go', right here:


          East, West, Home’s Best      Cache   Translate Page      
By Dorothea Shefer-Vanson MEVASSERET ZION, Israel — Travelling on planes, trains, taxis, cars and even a bus on one occasion, not to mention a great deal of walking, staying in New York, Las Vegas and San Diego in the USA, and Amsterdam in the Netherlands, taking in visits to museums and meetings with friends and […]
          corine keus creates finely crafted studios for actors of the netherlands national theater      Cache   Translate Page      
the wooden structures are realized using radiata pine chiliplex from chile, to create these extremely durable spatial sculptures. The post corine keus creates finely crafted studios for actors of the netherlands national theater appeared first on designboom | architecture & design magazine .
          Icelandair – $432 (Regular Economy) / $332 (Basic Economy): Washington D.C. – Amsterdam, Netherlands. Roundtrip, including all Taxes      Cache   Translate Page      
A good sale to Amsterdam The $432 fare includes ONE checked bag (if you don’t select the regular economy fare, checked luggage is $95 each way at checkin) The $332 fare is a Basic Economy / Economy Light fare which does not include checked luggage. It does include advance seat assignment, one carry-on up to […]

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          Police arrest 84 in crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      
Hundreds of police in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands arrested at least 84 suspected mobsters and seized around 2 million euros (NZ$3.3 million) Wednesday in a series of coordinated raids targeting a powerful Italian organised...
          Dozens arrested in European crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      
Raids in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands were the culmination of an investigation into the ‘ndrangheta criminal group.
          さよならオランダまたいつか💛デルフト焼のティーセットが可愛いダッチカフェ      Cache   Translate Page      













カフェラテ 3.05
アーモンドクッキー 2.05



Dutch Kitchen

Schipol Airport | Holland Boulevard, between gates E and F, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
+31 20 603 4653 
















          Largest Hakvoort SuperYacht to be – 63m SCOUT hits water in the Netherlands      Cache   Translate Page      
Hakvoort shipyard has launched it's largest yacht to be upon delivery, the 63.72-metre superyacht SCOUT, also known as YN249 or Project Brio.
          Can't Even Imagine This Cold      Cache   Translate Page      
Courtesy of Diego López Dominguez , Southern Ocean along the Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctica.

Spain's Diego López Dominguez is finally home in New York City after 20 days on the road for his Antarctica trip where he was one of 14 swimmers who successfully completed the International Ice Swimming Association-sanctioned Antarctica Ice Kilometer Swim, finishing third overall in 12:40:90 in the -1.2°C water in the Southern Ocean near Antarctica.

"It has - no doubt - been one of the most, if not the most, amazing experiences in my life, swimming and otherwise.

The conditions, as you heard from Jean Craven and Ram Barkai, were harsh and dynamic throughout the trip. We were basically on standby for the whole trip.

However, it was extremely helpful and inspiring to be in a group, with such a team of incredible ice swimmers from all over the world. Individual success meant nothing until we all finished and returned home with a 14 out of 14 score.

Swimming an Ice Kilometer in -1.2°C water with strong winds and non-stop snow in the open water while sorting icebergs is not easy. And if you add the magic and intimidating landscape of Antarctica, it becomes a really unique experience. Results are very relative, but I was honored to share the heat – and the overall podium with Petar Stoychev and Victoria Mori. What two amazing competitors they are.

Antarctica was my last swim of the year and of the Continents Seven project. It has been an incredible and enriching year that will change my life forever

López - known as the Global Swimmer - is among the nominees for the 2018 World Open Water Swimming Man of the Year along with the following individuals:

1. Benoît Lecomte (France/USA)
2. Cameron Bellamy (South Africa)
3. Diego López Dominguez (Canary Islands)
4. Ferry Weertman (Netherlands)
5. Igor Lukin (Russia)
6. Ion Lazarenco Tiron (Republic of Moldava)
7. John Batchelder (USA)
8. José Luis Larrosa Chorro (Spain)
9. Kristóf Rasovszky (Hungary)
10. Lewis Pugh (Great Britain/South Africa)
11. Maarten van der Weijden (Netherlands)
12. Ned Denison (Ireland/USA)
13. Rohan More (India)
14. Vladimir Mravec (Slovakia/Australia)
15. Yaroslav Pronin (Belarus)

López, originally from the Canary Islands, not only completed his Continents Seven in Antarctica, but he also participated in races in Haiti, USA, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Bolivia, England, France, Turkey, and Hong Kong throughout the year - completing 17 swims totalling 257 km on 7 continents.

To vote for the WOWSA Awards and the 2018 World Open Water Swimming Man of the Year, visit here.

Copyright © 2008-2018 by World Open Water Swimming Association

          ‘I Amsterdam’ Tourist Landmark Gets Removed For Stealing City’s Thunder      Cache   Translate Page      

Image via Resul Muslu /

That famous ‘I amsterdam’ selfie hotspot that sits outside Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum has been uprooted, as some locals felt it was sullying the city’s charm.

Installed 14 years ago, the sign promptly became one of Amsterdam’s most prominent tourist highlights. Per the city’s marketing organization Amsterdam Marketing, about 6,000 selfies were taken with the attraction daily.

Alas, its popularity was its downfall—naysayers believed the sign inspired “mindless mass tourism” and was “too individualistic.” As it result, it was removed on Saturday, 24 November.

The demolition was requested by Femke Roosma, a city councillor and leader of left-wing part GroenLinks. In a statement obtained by The Telegraph, Roosma said, “This slogan reduces the city to a background in a marketing story,” even though it was originally meant to represent the “diversity, tolerance, [and] solidarity” of each citizen.

“Amsterdammers want to regain their grip on the city," she described.

However, it seems that most locals are in disagreement with Roosma’s decision. A survey conducted by Dutch pollster Maurice de Hond found that 66-percent of Amsterdam residents were against the idea of removing the sign.

The ‘I amsterdam’ tagline isn’t gone forever, though. It will continue to be Amsterdam’s tourism slogan, and its letters will now be set up in various locations around the city during special events.

The removal of the sign might also rekindle an appreciation for the arts, as locals and travelers will now shift their gaze to the actual highlights of the Rijksmuseum: the artworks.

The I amsterdam letters are on the move! They’ve been removed from Museumplein at the request of @AmsterdamNL, but you can still find them @Schiphol, as well as at festivals and events across the #AmsterdamArea. Read more: (📷 by

— I amsterdam (@Iamsterdam) December 3, 2018

Noooooo 😭😭😭
‘I amsterdam’ has been removed and I don’t accept it 😭

— Serce Nie Śpi ♡ (@_ifollowrivers) December 3, 2018

[via INSIDER, images via various sources]
          Brussels Parliament Recognises Animals As Sentient Beings      Cache   Translate Page      
Debates also praised other countries for their progressive animal rights legislation, saying, “We also learned from countries like France, the Netherlands, and New Zealand, which are very advanced in this regard.”
Submitted by Lone F to Animals  |   Note-it!  |   Add a Comment

          12/5/2018: TIMES SPORT: TODAY      Cache   Translate Page      
Football: Spurs v Southampton, 1:15 am (Star Sports 1); Wolves v Chelsea, 1:15 am (Star Sports 2); Burnley v Liverpool 1:15 am (Star Sports Select 2); Man Utd v Arsenal; 1:30 am (Star Sports Select 1) Hockey: World Cup: Germany v Netherlands, 5 pm;...
          The Netherlands RS Aero Year Ranking 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
2018 saw a wonderful increase in RS Aero activity in Holland. After reading Tillerman's Aerobian blog I was inspired to calculate a series result for the regatta's the Dutch RS Aero class sailed in 2018.
          Network Operations Engineer - Reeracoen Singapore Pte Ltd - Singapore      Cache   Translate Page      
Job Description What does the role look like? The Network Operations Engineer is a member of the NOC team (10 colleagues – 4 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 4...
From Reeracoen Singapore - Thu, 01 Nov 2018 06:48:05 GMT - View all Singapore jobs
          In the face of climate change, ranking states by prosperity invites disaster      Cache   Translate Page      

Forget standings that put wealthy countries ahead of poor ones on the path to development, we’re all in this together

If you were asked to name the most prosperous countries in the world, you’d probably reach for a familiar list. It would start with the Scandinavian social democracies, the Netherlands or Switzerland, meander across to Canada, and end up somewhere between Australia and New Zealand.

Such a thought process would be completely valid. These nations regularly feature at or near the top of the growing number of prosperity “league tables” that aim to tell us who’s getting it right for their citizens. Without doubt, these places are better than most at providing foundations for a good life for the majority of fortunate inhabitants.

Continue reading...
          Hockey WC: Germany beat Netherlands, Pakistan and Malaysia play out draw      Cache   Translate Page      
Germany outclassed last edition silver medallist Netherlands
          Coffee Crisis Fuels Fair Trade In U.S.      Cache   Translate Page      
Fair Trade started in Europe in 1940s with faith-based groups that bought crafts and food products from refugees and sold them in communities. However, Fair Trade as we know it today has its roots in America in 1986. A coffee crisis was sending small-scale farmers into debt, and many were plunging into poverty. In response to this, Equal Exchange, a Massachusetts-based worker coop, brought the first Fair Trade coffee into the United States. Fair Trade certification began in 1988, in the Netherlands, setting coffee industry standards for certification. Other nations operated according to their own standards. But in 1997 the Fairtrade Labeling Organization was born, creating an international set of Fair Trade standards. The next year, TransFair was created. It is a non-profit organization and one of 20 members of the Fairtrade Labeling Organization that sets Fair Trade Standards. TransFair's audit system tracks products from the farm to the product to verify that they comply with Fair Trade criteria. It also allows U.S. companies to display the Fair Trade Certified label on products that meet criteria.

For more Coffee tips, visit
          Admin Warehouse Support (zagranica)      Cache   Translate Page      
SIRE Life Sciences® - Opublikowano: 05 gru 2018
SIRE® is the market leader in Life Sciences recruitment. We believe the recruitment market needs to gear up in technology and continuous innovation. We like technology, in a Life Sciences market driven on science, we couldn’t stay behind; we drive Recruitment Science. Investing a majority of our turnover in technology enables us to use unique Resource Technologies. By using highly advanced algorithms, we enable our team of Resource & Data Strategists© to maintain the most advanced, detailed and complete Life Sciences network in Europe. This big data enables us to work Reverse Recruitment©: we first analyze the market in-depth before we go out to the market. Because we analyze the whole market, we can compare facts and data. This enables us to do Facts & Big Data Recruitment©, making sure we, or better yet, you find the right career!Our client is a professional Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology organisation, based in Noord-Brabant Netherlands.The CompanyOur client is a professional Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology organisation, based in in Noord-Brabant Netherlands. They are proud to be known for their extremely reliable delivery of medicines to their patients. They are one of the planet’s biggest biotech pharmaceutical companies that develop and introduce new medicines to serve patients all over the world. In combination with their primary focus on affordable healthcare, they are constantly improving their production systems & processes. Their manufacturing environment is growing in a fast pace in terms of production volumes, -variability and complexity. They are searching the best professionals to continue delivering the best medicines for the patients while growing exponentially.Role DescriptionAs a Admin Warehouse Support you will provide administrative support to the Warehouse department and specific to the procurement process also to different departments. Accurate working is the most important quality you can provide.Responsibilities* Procure to Pay processes for various departments (purchase orders, quotations, invoices, ad hoc follow up, issue resolution, escalation to GSS): coordination for issue resolution * Vendor Master Data set up including supplier on-boarding * Inventory management for Distribution materials (shippers, pallets, tape, seals, etc) including stock counting, ordering, forecasting and reporting metrics. * Informs Management when problems are not standard or outside span of control. * Completes work using ERP system, internet explorer, Excel and Outlook (basic understanding).Requirements* MBO level or related experience * Proficient in Dutch and English, both in oral and written communication * Computer skills (especially SAP and Excel)Other informationDUTCH: De administrative dienstverlening voor het bestelproces wordt verricht voor meerdere afdelingen. Daarnaast bestaat de rol uit overige administratieve ondersteuning voor de Warehouse afdeling. Specifieke taken: • Bieden van administratieve ondersteuning in het “Procure 2 Pay” process. Dit omvat het afhandelen van binnenkomende bestelverzoeken vanuit verschillende afdelingen. Variërend van het plaatsen van een “standaard” bestelling bij een bekende leverancier tot het uitzoeken waar een gevraagd materiaal of dienst te bestellen valt. Ook factuurcontrole en coördinatie van de factuurstroom vallen hieronder. • Opzetten van nieuwe leveranciers in het systeem • Het doen van verschillende administratieve taken voor de Warehouse afdelingen. Hierbij valt te denken aan het verwerken van bepaalde voorraadboekingen en het archiveren van verschillende documentstromen. Nauwkeurigheid is hierbij van het grootste belang. • Beheren van de voorraad van distributiematerialen. Deze worden besteld bij de leveranciers en afgeleverd bij een extern magazijn waarvandaan ze tijdig moeten worden afgeroepen. Vereisten: • MBO niveau • Relevante administratieve ervaring • Voldoende beheersing van de Nederlandse en Engelse taal • Computer skills (met name ervaring met SAP en MS Excel is een plus) • Nauwkeurig werken is zeer van belang in deze rolAre you interested and do want to apply for this role, please fill out your application via the apply button below and contact Jorien van Es....
          Marketing Channel Co-ordinator - 12 month contract (Fluent in French)      Cache   Translate Page      
Now more than ever, the world needs network innovation to connect ideas and unleash our full potential. VMA Group are working with a global technology organisation to find a Marketing Channel Coordinator. Our client is leading the revolution in networking, making it one of the most exciting technology companies amongst its competitors. The successful candidate will be fluent in French and will have 2-3 years marketing experience. If this sounds like you, and you also have excellent project management skills ready to be utilized within a highly collaborative, innovative environment, please read on and apply. Responsibilities of the Marketing Channel Coordinator: You will be the primary Marketing contact, responsible for providing marketing support for up to 50 named Partners across multiple countries including but not limited to France, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Netherlands, Belgium, Nordics, Italy, South Africa, Morocco, Egypt and Tunisia. You will providing this support for French speaking countries with other countries supported in English Host regular marketing reviews with named Partners, assist with marketing planning to achieve stated sales goals Share news of our clients marketing campaigns and supporting activities, ensure Partners engage appropriately with our clients portfolio of marketing support for mutual business growth Maintain Outreach and SFDC. Use the Outreach Engagement Platform to create sequences and monitor responses in order to measure engagement levels and ensure target partner list is aligned to pipeline achievement goals. Person Specification for the Marketing Channel Coordinator: The ideal candidate will have a B2B marketing background (preferably in the technology sector), with a minimum of 2 to 3 years’ experience. Must have advanced native English skills and be fluent in French Strong organisation and time management skills with the ability to effectively prioritise workload. Excellent attention to detail. Project management skills. Flexibility - able to deal with changing requirements and priorities. Share ideas and collaborative Also desirable would be experience in creating and running email marketing campaigns using Mail Chimp. **************************** VMA GROUP is the leading international interim and permanent recruitment and executive search specialists for Marketing, Digital and Communications roles. Specialist practices cover internal communications, external communications, marketing, digital, financial services, investor relations and public affairs. With a truly global reach, VMA GROUP has offices across the UK, Europe and Asia-Pacific. VMA GROUP is committed to equal opportunities and is a Diversity Pledged Recruiter.
          Marketing Channel Co-ordinator - 12 month contract (Fluent in German)      Cache   Translate Page      
Now more than ever, the world needs network innovation to connect ideas and unleash our full potential. VMA Group are working with a global technology organisation to find a Marketing Channel Coordinator. Our client is leading the revolution in networking, making it one of the most exciting technology companies amongst its competitors. The successful candidate will be fluent in German and will have 2-3 years marketing experience. If this sounds like you, and you also have excellent project management skills ready to be utilized within a highly collaborative, innovative environment, please read on and apply. Responsibilities of the Marketing Channel Coordinator: You will be the primary Marketing contact, responsible for providing marketing support for up to 50 named Partners across multiple countries including but not limited to France, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Netherlands, Belgium, Nordics, Italy, South Africa, Morocco, Egypt and Tunisia. You will providing this support for German speaking countries with other countries supported in English Host regular marketing reviews with named Partners, assist with marketing planning to achieve stated sales goals Share news of our clients marketing campaigns and supporting activities, ensure Partners engage appropriately with our clients portfolio of marketing support for mutual business growth Maintain Outreach and SFDC. Use the Outreach Engagement Platform to create sequences and monitor responses in order to measure engagement levels and ensure target partner list is aligned to pipeline achievement goals. Person Specification for the Marketing Channel Coordinator: The ideal candidate will have a B2B marketing background (preferably in the technology sector), with a minimum of 2 to 3 years’ experience. Must have advanced native English skills and be fluent in German Strong organisation and time management skills with the ability to effectively prioritise workload. Excellent attention to detail. Project management skills. Flexibility - able to deal with changing requirements and priorities. Share ideas and collaborative Also desirable would be experience in creating and running email marketing campaigns using Mail Chimp. **************************** VMA GROUP is the leading international interim and permanent recruitment and executive search specialists for Marketing, Digital and Communications roles. Specialist practices cover internal communications, external communications, marketing, digital, financial services, investor relations and public affairs. With a truly global reach, VMA GROUP has offices across the UK, Europe and Asia-Pacific. VMA GROUP is committed to equal opportunities and is a Diversity Pledged Recruiter.
          Netherlands Playboy Model Lotte      Cache   Translate Page      
Netherlands Playboy Model Lotte

          Terror Suspect Arrested      Cache   Translate Page      

Dutch Police have arrested a Syrian terrorist suspect in the town of Bergeijk.  He is suspected of been a member of the Jabat al-Nusra organization and also suspected of fighting in Syria as well as being suspected of money laundering.  A few months ago, his younger brother, also a member of the same terrorist organization has been arrested in the Netherlands.

          Int'l court prosecutor reports progress in Palestinian...      Cache   Translate Page      
THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) - International Criminal Court prosecutors intend to complete "as early as possible" a long-running preliminary investigation...
          A Contemporary Extension For This 1920s House In The Netherlands      Cache   Translate Page      
Photography by Christian van der Kooy   Bloot Architecture have designed a minimalist house extension in The Netherlands, that contrasts the brick architecture of a 1927’s house.   The architects used retractable glass walls, so that the fig tree in the backyard could easily be viewed and enjoyed, and the natural light could be enjoyed year round. […]
          Key Management As A Service Market by Top Manufacturers – CipherCloud (US), Gemalto (Netherlands), Google (US), IBM (US), Thales e-Security (France), Box (US), Egnyte (US), KeyNexus (Canada)      Cache   Translate Page      
Key Management As A Service Market by Top Manufacturers – CipherCloud (US), Gemalto (Netherlands), Google (US), IBM (US), Thales e-Security (France), Box (US), Egnyte (US), KeyNexus (Canada) The increasing migration toward the cloud and the stringent regulations in the Key Management as a Service (KMaaS) market are expected to be driving the growth of the KMaaS market. Scope of the Report: This report studies the Key Management as a

          Police arrest 84 in European crackdown on Italian mob      Cache   Translate Page      
THE HAGUE, Netherlands -- Hundreds of police in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands arrested at least 84 suspected mobsters and seized around $2.3 million Wednesday in a series of coordinated ... - Source:
          Comment on TorrentLeech (TL) is Open for Limited Signup! by Anonymous      Cache   Translate Page      
the reason why torrentleech is the way it is cause tl is located in the Netherlands where there is no copy right laws .....that's why woot takes advantage of everyone.....................cause he is aloud and you all fall for freeleech nothing woot knows what he is doing to make the money smart guy.................and all users fall for it simple................
           Irritable bowel syndrome could be relieved for thousands using hypnosis, study reveals       Cache   Translate Page      
'Gut-directed' therapy improved symptoms for up to 50 per cent of people trialled in hospitals in the Netherlands. Relaxing the brain could work better than current treatments, the researchers said.
          Sinterklaas & St Nicholas’ Day in The Netherlands      Cache   Translate Page      
By Marianne Kuiper Milks Today is Sinterklaas’ birthday. Born in the 3rd Century in Mira, Turkey, Bishop Nicholas was sent to Spain by the church. On his birthday, December 5th, he gave gifts to the children instead of receiving them. His companion Piet was a Moor. The Moors were prominent in Spain (as long time […]
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Final Night : 29 January 2019 

          The rest and the West: thoughts on Brexit and migration. Part Two      Cache   Translate Page      

We need more than a tv debate on the future of Britain and Europe.

lead Screenshot: the seven-way BBC election debate, May 2017. YouTube.

“I don’t think there is a silver bullet, but the market-place of ideas is at the heart of democracy. We all bring ideas and opinions into that market-place and we talk and discuss, and we argue, but we bargain and we compromise. That is what is collapsing.”  Matthew Goodwin on preventing the rage of the US parcel-bomber from spreading, BBC2 Newsnight, October 26, 2018

After ducking out of the televised seven-way general election debate of 2017, on the grounds that “the debates where the politicians are squabbling amongst themselves don’t do anything for the process of electioneering”, Theresa May gained a reputation for ‘not doing debate’. The Brexit tv debate she has proposed for December 9 in front of millions of viewers who will have no say in the outcome, was “consuming Westminster’s political advisers and the nation’s broadcasters” four days ago, but has not yet been agreed. Caroline Lucas, calling for another public vote on Brexit is taking a principled position on this: saying that any debate "must be cross-party, featuring a diverse range of voices representing every nation, as well as every stance on this deal and our relationship with the EU". The BBC version appears to be “10 prominent supporters of May’s deal and 10 opponents who would have the chance to ask questions”, described as “messy” by Labour, since the opposition would precisely be seen as squabbling among themselves. But as Craig Oliver, David Cameron’s former director of communications put it, a television debate is not a debate: “It becomes a basic method of message delivery rather than a real debate.”

Meanwhile, the real debate with which Theresa May has not engaged during her lonely tour of duty in one-way persuasion, is surely the one at the heart of a liberal democracy: democratic debate leading to compromise between legitimate political adversaries. Setting aside her preference for conducting the Brexit process as a secretive Whitehall operation, everything May has done since inheriting the binary referendum result on the UK’s future relationship to the EU has been an avoidance of debate, from the resistance of the UK government to seeking parliamentary approval for Article 50 or to a “meaningful debate” on the final deal, to the ministerial power grab over the Withdrawal Bill and secretive plans for trade deals, the marginalisation of the devolved nations, the refusal of plan-B discussions, and the insistence that “Brexit means Brexit” through months and years in which it has become increasingly clear that no-one really knows what Brexit means.

Yesterday like the proverbial worm, the despised and marginalised ‘squabbling politicians’, turned, aided by carefully timed advice from the Advocate General to the European Court of Justice. This was the first mention of anyone officially involved in the negotiations that Britain might change its mind. Faced by a no-deal, a Member-State could change its intention to withdraw from the EU and revoke Article 50, since Article 50 is invoked in the first place “to notify the European Council of ‘its intention’– and not of its decision – to withdraw, and such an intention may change.” Not only this, but in accordance with our parliamentary sovereignty, and, Manuel Campos Sánchez-Bordona adds, in the interests of European integration, the decision indeed rests with the squabbling politicians of a Member State to choose to “reverse its initial decision.”

Today, May’s ‘triple defeat’ by parliament has elicited a warning from leading Brexit-backing Cabinet Minister, Liam Fox, that Remainer MPs are trying to “steal Brexit from the British people” which he describes as a “democratic affront”. But the truth is that MP’s supporting the legal action in Luxembourg, like Caroline Lucas and Chris Bryant, in their campaign for a second referendum, have been fighting a valiant battle against the odds and the Government, to give the British people a say. Under the desert conditions for democracy created by those conducting the Brexit negotiations, they are the ones who have insisted on keeping some sort of public space open and ticking. Bryant’s response to the legal advice was to express the hope that the final say on Brexit would be handed back to the public, “because only the people of the United Kingdom can sort this out.” It is being argued that the Advocate General’s opinion, by the same token, gives the EU every reason to extend Article 50 for such an outcome, since a choice to remain made by the people might well be considered a stronger mandate than a decision to remain made by MPs alone.

But whether Brexit is to be stolen from the British people or sorted out by them, the invocation of a unitary people’s will in both cases should raise alarm bells. Just how should a large and diverse, not to mention increasingly polarised people “change its mind” or “have a say”? Albert Weale’s pithy answer to the question, 'Can 'a people' have 'a will"? is decisively in the negative There is no singular will of the people emerging from a plurality of peopleThere is no one super-individual – the people – that has changed its mindThere is no will of the people independently of the rules used to combine different opinions”. He reminds us that a people does not change its mind, but that in a democracy, under a set of rules chosen in a decision that is supremely political, people do. Whatever the outcome to the roller coaster in which we are now engaged and even at this late and bewildering stage, we can only begin to “take back control” to the extent that our voices can finally be heard in a way that can persuade and effect meaningful change. The question, for both parliament and people, is what is a “meaningful debate”?

My own conviction is that all selective versions of a Brexit debate proliferate enemy images. We see only too well the cumulative dehumanising impact on ‘migrants’ when they are only ever spoken about, and, in the Windrush case for example, how shocking the effect when we finally hear directly from them. The speed at which “Europeans” began to be sucked into the “hostile environment” came as another, more recent shock. Don’t we need a debate that can “out”, identify and encompass all these points of view, one that brings Leavers and Remainers, ordinary and elite, face to face across all the boundaries and borders so far erected by the multiple toxic polarisations of the issue? 

This would be a public debate at least as ambitious and inclusive as the Scottish referendum debate was at its best. One that included the 16 to 18 year olds who were included in that process, and not in the EU referendum, on the grounds that this is their future we are talking about. A debate that welcomes the voices of the many migrants and fellow-Europeans in our midst, elite and ordinary as well. But above all, voices open to each other in all their diversity, willing to listen, even to care, and yes, even to change their minds.

What is a “meaningful debate” ?

Only a comprehensive, extended and inclusive People’s Debate can effect this process of citizen empowerment. Anthony Barnett’s ‘open letter to Remainers’ this June on openDemocracy was the first sign of movement towards the kind of listening that would be involved. By September, Neal Lawson was on openDemocracy warning supporters of the People’s Vote to be careful what they wished for, and extending Barnett’s argument in the direction of a four-point agenda for democratising the process that included citizens’ assemblies, a constitutional convention for the UK and a new policy agenda for Europe. Lawson also demanded a “systemic domestic policy response to the causes of Brexit”. Recently, as the Brexit deadlines threatened, another breakthrough moment was Caroline Lucas’s closing contribution to the Channel 4 Big Brexit Debate: What does the UK really think? as a key proponent of the People’s Vote:

“ What we need to be doing is recognising as well that many of the people who voted ‘leave’ have very legitimate grievances that need to be tackled. So the People’s Vote campaign isn’t just saying  – ‘Let’s just swap and see if we can get a vote like this that changes the balance…’. It’s massively important that the People’s Vote campaign and all of us who want to seize the opportunity for people to have a say, recognise that this is not about turning the clock back two years, but about saying let us make sure that we address those underlying reasons that drove so many people to feel that the only solution was to leave the EU, when in fact leaving the EU will make things worse for them.”

Fellow People’s Vote advocate and openDemocracy columnist, Mary Kaldor, reiterated this point in her advice to the Labour Party: “if we are to address the real concerns of the leave voters we need to be inside the EU campaigning for a change of rules.” But she also called for “a genuine constitutional debate throughout the country – a debate about the kind of society we want to live in and how to tackle the deep-seated problems linked to jobs, housing, health, and, above all, democracy that led to the howl of anguish represented by the Brexit vote.”

But it took Gordon Brown, in his capacity as former UK prime minister, to go further in thinking about what is needed over and above any second public vote or even beyond a general election, if we are to have a democratic Brexit process at last. Divisions could “merely worsen” in an already “bitterly divided country”, since “at least two and possibly many more years of acrimonious EU negotiations still lie ahead”, he warns, in To calm the Brexit storm, we must listen to the UK’s views again, FT, November 16.

Because “the deadlock in parliament seems unlikely to be broken by MPs alone”, Brown proposes bringing together in each region a representative panel of a few hundred citizens, together constituting a “platform to allow discussion of important issues such as immigration, sovereignty, the state of our industrial towns and regions. Through it, by exploring both the causes and consequences of Brexit, we can see whether any consensus can be forged.”

Brown proposes the creation of a “new kind of royal commission” in order to be credible, authoritative and impartial. But I would argue instead for parliamentarians to become joint custodians of this new politics of persuasion in a constitution that devolved their most precious function to the citizens ­– what Albert Weale calls the “institutionalised debate in which competing views are expressed within a set of rules”. Citizens already have voices in ways without parallel before the internet era. Becoming the guarantors and enablers of such an inclusive, pluralist debate could be the best way to rescue democratic representation from its ‘gatekeeping’ crisis, with a useful knock-on effect on an overweening media.

All it would take is the simple acknowledgement that who picks the subjects and frames the debate is the democratic crux of the matter, as the political theorist Stuart White pointed out on openDemocracy three years ago in his survey of constitutional conventions:

“If we are in a constitutional moment, then it is not appropriate to let the key questions be settled just through the processes of ‘normal’ politics. Democratic theory says that this is a time when ‘We the people’ have a right to settle what happens precisely because what is at stake is a set of very basic questions about how we are ruled. A constitutional convention (CC) is potentially one way of giving ‘We the people’ this leading role…  If a convention is to be genuinely ‘people-led’ mustn’t its agenda be responsive to the people? Allowing the convention a wide remit, or allowing it to identify issues for itself, gives us all an opportunity to campaign to the convention to address issues we think important. It draws us all into the discussion and thereby helps to create a democratic constitutional moment… A key principle here is that devolution and decentralisation ought to be bottom-up processes with real accountability to local people.”

White had an encouraging message for us when it came to Labour and the Greens:

“First, as I think Labour (and the Greens) already accept, membership of the convention – or conventions – should be drawn largely from members of the general public, chosen by lot but in a way that is designed to be broadly representative of the population. (Exactly which population? The standard assumption is that the relevant population consists of UK citizens, but David Owen argues forcefully that non-citizen residents and non-residents should also have representation in a CC.)”

Gordon Brown’s choice of subjects for his debating platform, ought he thinks to “particularly examine those contentious issues where the situation has changed significantly since 2016”, citing both “national identity” and freedom of movement. Yet if Brown acknowledges the evidence of shifting opinions on the latter, Theresa May certainly does not.  We learn that she rejects any Norway-style compromise deal with the Labour party. Why? On the grounds that ending freedom of movement is the hardest of the prime minister’s red lines. Again why? – we don’t know. Maybe it is for the same reason that Kramp-Karrenbauer, hailed as the most Merkel-like of her successor candidates, has announced that she would be much “stricter” on migration than Merkel.

But can’t we do better than that? Couldn’t we hope instead, taking inspiration from Ada Colau’s PAH movement, that one advantage of a People’s Debate over a People’s Vote is the chance to include non-citizen residents and non-residents in this inclusive, empowering national debate? And that those pluralist encounters might similarly lead in a mutually enabling direction?

Brown’s proposal is a breakthrough, first and foremost, in the recognition that Brexit is a historic process in which people need to have a say. It pays the referendum due respect for being a democratic prompt for a “unique consultation”, a multi-faceted process of exchange that “by opening a dialogue across the country and engaging in a constructive, outward-looking conversation about our future” might help us discover “a road back to a more cohesive country, reuniting around shared values and rediscovered common interests.”

How not to frame a democratic debate

“So we need to think about what institutions, what mechanisms can we put in place that support that market-place of ideas. And that means mixing our friendship groups and our social networks – it means having better political leadership – it means starting early at university and at school level and making sure people are exposed to different perspectives…” Matthew Goodwin on preventing the rage of the US parcel-bomber from spreading, BBC2 Newsnight, October 26, 2018

If this is what is needed then one way not to frame that People’s Debate is highlighted by the interesting spat that recently broke out on openDemocracy among other places, between academics protesting at a panel debate billed for December 6 by Claire Fox’s Academy of Ideas and UnHerd.

A number of academics, journalists and commentators are planning to take part in a ‘debate’ originally titled and intended to answer the question: “Is Rising Ethnic Diversity a Threat to the West?”. Speakers include Matthew Goodwin, Eric Kaufmann, Claire Fox, Trevor Phillips and David Aaronovitch. (The title has now changed.)

Their critics accuse them of framing diversity as a threat, when it is perfectly possible to “discuss far right language without using it yourself”.  Their open letter protests that: "This debate shuts itself down, as no other alternative factor or scenario is identified as a ‘threat’, and it is hard to recognise much in the way of a diversity of opinion on a panel where most of the speakers are on the record as blaming immigration and multiculturalism for complex and multi-faceted social problems ". In the comment spaces of openDemocracy, the ongoing argument soon arrives at the key issue of democratic debate: “The people hosting this debate, so narrowly framed in such a way, seemingly provide a platform for arguments that can only draw one possible and predefined conclusion. So. Not much of a 'debate' then...”,“To reiterate, we are not seeking to shut down debate or evade difficult arguments – these issues are widely discussed in academia and in public fora. We are simply asking that we do not give yet more ground to those who seek to shift the blame for systemic failures onto communities who are already subject to oppression and hostility, and legitimise hate and scapegoating as if that is analysis.”

Critics of the critics, for their part, are determined to defend free speech, “Because in order to think we have to be free to speak. Freedom of thought and freedom of speech is a dialectical process in which we express and explore ideas, and as a society how we reach solutions for complex issues. Having to tolerate ideas that you do not agree with is the cost of freedom of speech.”

A dialectical process is one in which both sides cross boundaries, and a third term emerges which goes beyond them, into new territory. It's certainly what is needed. But how exactly can this take place? With polling indicating a widening gulf between Remain voters determined to ‘stop Brexit’ and Leave voters reconciling themselves to crashing out, what can stop this runaway process of polarisation?

Some of us have been asking this for some time.

On openDemocracy the indefatigable journalists, Adam Ramsay, Peter Geoghegan and others, who have for many months been investigating questions about the funding and the political influences behind the Leave campaigns, have recently secured the grim satisfaction of the Electoral Commission belatedly referring Aaron Banks to the National Crime Agency for investigation. Whatever the outcome – and Laura Kuenssberg told us on the same day that this was “unlikely to affect the Brexit process” – it is precisely at this point that we need to remind ourselves of the article Adam Ramsay wrote a year ago, to say, “Remainers: don’t use our investigations as an excuse”– an excuse, that is, not to ask much deeper questions about why they lost the EU referendum to 17 million voters in the first place.

One of the speakers participating in the Academy of Ideas/UnHerd debate, Matthew Goodwin, has been making exactly the same important point. Goodwin complained this August about “a clear and concerted attempt to try and delegitimize the result by implying that either voters were duped or that the Leave campaign was crooked; and absolutely no engagement whatsoever with the growing pile of evidence that we now have on why people actually voted for Brexit.” At the time he concluded, “To many on the liberal left – Brexit is to be opposed not understood.”

Goodwin is an expert in the deep roots of English euroscepticism, the rise of UKIP and the Brexit result. His disappointment that the referendum didn't pave the way for a long-overdue national debate focused on addressing the divides, inequalities and grievances that had led to this moment is palpable and surely justified. What better candidate might one seek for framing a Brexit People’s Debate, particularly as together with Roger Eatwell, Goodwin has just published a new book entitled National Populism: The Revolt Against Liberal Democracy, promoted  as a “compelling case for serious, respectful engagement with the supporters and ideas of national populism.”

The signs were promising. Here were authors willing to challenge the longue durée of  “the deep-rooted suspicion of the ‘masses’ which lies at the heart of liberal democracy”.  Here we have not only the expertise and the research base, but the manifest concern for the people they were studying and commitment to reversing their political disenfranchisement. Roger Eatwell’s The rising tide of national populism: we need to talk seriously about immigration, summarises the key democracy argument that runs through the book for openDemocracy, and urges a braver generation of politicians to embark on “serious talk about immigration”. Matthew Goodwin, publishing his overview on UnHerd on October 23, ends with a refreshing call for “more room for deliberation and input from across society through devolution, the roll-out of citizens initiatives or making greater use of referendums at the local level.”

On that same day, however, openDemocracy published the open letter citing Goodwin as one of the speakers and organisers of the debate planned for December 6 and originally billed, “Is Rising Ethnic Diversity a Threat to the West?” Could it really be that at this critical conjuncture, some of our best intellectuals, commentators and journalists, including those most alert to ‘national populist’ alienation, were seemingly absorbed in another round of “How can we play with xenophobia without being xenophobic ?”

Is an answer to be found in Goodwin and Eatwell’s accounts of National Populism. Or might they instead give us just what we need to frame our inclusive, national, People’s Debate on Brexit and migration?

‘National populism’ – what is going on?

James Meek  in the October 11 issue of the LRB had raised his own concerns over Goodwin’s framing of the Brexit debate. Pointing out that his reading of Brexit tended to oppose “ordinary Leave voters against an arrogant Remainer elite as if those were the two sides at issue”, Meek argued that in doing this, Goodwin not only overlooked, “ordinary Remain voters, many of whom, though typically younger and better educated, feel as powerless, angry and betrayed as their counterparts on the other side”, but also ignored “an arrogant Leave elite, the Brexiteers”.  Every day brings further revelations about their motivation, role and reach at work in British politics and its decision-making processes. Surely, for example, it is important for the British public, and not them alone, to be alert to the foreign and domestic backers of Tommy Robinson as well as to his plans?

But looking more closely at Goodwin’s argument in UnHerd, there is one additional strand in his framing of the Brexit debate here which sure enough leads him inexorably to “Diversity [as] a Threat”, despite the fact that as a filter, it can only be self-defeating with regard to the very “deliberation and input from across society” which Goodwin and Eatwell seek. It is an argument that by the same token plunges us back into the increasingly stark choice of our times between horizontal empowerment and the monocultural National Us with which my argument began.

The strand begins by narrowing in on a particular definition of the UK’s excluded and unrepresented:

“ you will see record numbers of women and ethnic minorities in the corridors of power. This should be applauded. But when it comes to others in society, who have also been the most likely to vote for national populists ­– the working-class and non-graduates – it is an entirely different story.”

These are the people that Trump, Farage, Salvini and Le Pen claim to speak for, and Goodwin says that they “have a point.” However it is a rather selective point, if we consider the strange Leaver coalition which actually spatched together genuine victims of austerity and internationalisation with much more affluent leavers in the southern counties nostalgic for a Greater Britain. This is then accompanied by an equally selective definition of the defining opposition:

“As those with advanced qualifications have acquired more representation and power, governments have over time become more empathetic toward their desires and shaped more around ‘cosmopolitan standards’.”

Soon we are presented with the European elites, including those in the UK, backing everyone but their own working class and non-graduates, due to their ‘cosmopolitan standards’. This makes a certain sense, given that:

“ while 57% of elites across Europe felt that immigration had been good for their respective country only 25% of voters felt the same way. Political, business and media elites were far more likely to feel they had benefited from being in the EU, to back further integration and support refugees and the role of Islam in Europe.”

Education plays a crucial role in this division. But the role that it plays has nothing to do with the way that a technocratic political class hand in hand with their media might manipulate the fears of the less educated to consolidate their power, leaving only the better educated relatively unscathed. Instead, Goodwin quotes Boven and Wille approvingly, whose study of ‘diploma democracy’ in the Netherlands (2011), was broadened to cover Europe in 2017. Their concern is that education is exclusionary at the level of political debate:

“In a diploma democracy the well-educated voice resonates much more strongly at the ballot box; in deliberative sessions and expert meetings; in parliaments and cabinets”.

and their conclusion that the educated can moreover, be narrowly self-interested:

“Yet whereas Plato’s idealised ruling class was an ascetic brotherhood working for the common good in small city states, today’s rulers are increasingly cosmopolitan, insular and at times self-serving.”

There are many reasons why political representation is in crisis today, and an inability to serve the common good must be a dominant factor. But can a cosmopolitan tendency really bear the explanatory weight that it is given here? It is a convenient descriptive, to be sure, since a sense of relative ease with ‘the other’ is perhaps the sole factor seeming to unite the advantage of EU membership with further European integration, welcoming refugees and being happy to live side by side with people of the Muslim faith. Moreover, in itself, the consequent willingness to accept change provides a ready if not obviously irresponsible point of contrast to the “socially conservative views” that Eatwell informs us are “common” among national populist supporters and “deeply held”.

However, for researchers so alert to homogenising biases and stereotypes, this choice of unifying trait seems hasty, if only and in particular because everything we might assume about the self-serving nature of political élites today suggests a marked inability to empathise with another ‘other’ – namely the very people whom Goodwin and Eatwell have committed themselves to understanding, caring about and empowering. Why draw the ‘cosmopolitan’ line at them?

Yet this is where Goodwin’s argument ends, in a quotation carefully chosen to urge an opponent that by now is a curious amalgam of European élites and ‘the liberal left’, to “reflect on” the “pluralist heaven” of the former and their distance from the real people:

“The academic E.E. Schattschneider once observed that a key risk that faces democracies is that they become dominated by the privileged and ignore the less well off. “The flaw in the pluralist heaven is that the heavenly chorus sings with a strong upper-class accent”, he wrote. Today, the heavenly chorus might sing with a middle-class accent, but its members are now holding degree certificates.”

Goodwin’s preoccupation with education and representation gives this choice of antagonists a particular twist, but the framing underlying this strand of argument is familiar enough. It is the opposition between rooted Somewhere people and rootless Anywhere people packaged by David Goodhart, and chosen as Book of the Year for 2017 by The Guardian and the Economist, just in time to be coopted into Theresa May’s campaign to become prime minister as her own personal brand of patriotism: “If you believe you are a citizen of the world, you are a citizen of nowhere.”

The Road to Somewhere, as Jon Bloomfield points out in his highly critical openDemocracy review, relies on a similar “mixture of selective facts and figures” to construct Goodhart’s particular version of a divided society, in which the working class is pitted against an “Anywheres” category that lumps together “everyone from those who go on to do low grade office and administrative work through to hedge fund managers and senior executives” via three years at university which are “apparently sufficiently formative to mould all these diverse people into one homogenous bloc”.

Here too, an “unbridgeable gulf between the working and professional classes” takes centre stage, moving neoliberal globalisation, financial crisis, the concerted austerity drive and forty years of changing attitudes conveniently to one side, while it invokes a timeless “bedrock” and yes, the unitary National Us.

Here too Jon Bloomfield finds the far right being treated with “kid gloves” in the process. Goodwin and Eatwell are eager to abjure words such as ‘racist’ or ‘fascist’ to describe UKIP members, the far right and populism in general, though they may not have anticipated UKIP’s most recent ‘metamorphosis into an outright, unapologetic far-right party’ at the advice of the Bannonite ‘Tommy Robinson’, now explicitly aiming to head up an aggrieved majoritarian movement in response to what he calls the ‘Great Brexit Betrayal’. Goodhart, before them, had designated UKIP, Trump and Le Pen alike “decent populists”, arguing that “UKIP and the Front National have been dragged sharply to the left in recent years” and that Trump is no “white supremacist”.

But the selective concern with some dangers and not with others is not the only problem with this approach. When it comes to democratic debate, foregrounding “pluralist heaven” as a no-go-area can only lead to a series of missed opportunities.

The immigration debate

Take Roger Eatwell’s call for a “bottom-up” conversation “about immigration and how best to live together.”

In his attempt to persuade us that “the vast majority of British people are ‘balancers’ who recognise the rights of genuine asylum seekers and need for migration”, Eatwell is surely right to ask his readers not to assume that racism is at play among the “many voters” for whom immigration is indeed “a major concern” and to seek to understand what is. One example we are asked to give a sympathetic hearing to is that national populist supporters think immigrants “should be expected to assimilate into the dominant culture, which many people still strongly identify with (though their conceptions of Britishness often differ).” The closing qualification here is a mere aside, the postscript of a scrupulous researcher. But isn’t Eatwell neglecting a more interesting line of inquiry? Looked at another way, conceptions of Britishness in the plural pose challenging questions about how coherent the ‘dominant culture’ is in our ‘hyper-diverse’ modern societies; questions about who is to decide which Britishness should dominate; and about who decides, if at all, who should assimilate to what?

Furthermore, if we admit that the plurality here is a reality and not a cosmopolitan indulgence, couldn’t this recognition precisely take us in the direction of a mutually vulnerable, inclusive debate, open to ‘the other’ – in which even migrants or Europeans might have something to contribute to our changing perceptions of who British people are?

Eatwell, in fact, agrees. His article concludes with an “urgent” call for a serious “bottom-up” conversation about “a new and more inclusive conception of national identity” that can “combine old aspects of British identity with the new realities of migration and multicultural communities”. But much more effort goes into urging educated readers to understand assumptions about assimilation, than goes into exploring what it would take in a democracy to have such a serious conversation that could change people’s minds. Which brings us back to the whole question of  ‘contact’.

This missed opportunity occurs when Eatwell is mapping concerns over immigration. He explains that “Concerns are often greatest in areas where people have recently arrived, or where there are fears about such an influx”, or where, as in a South Wales former mining village, “The only foreigners were inside the Daily Mail”.  He moves on to the apparent anomaly that “the Brexit vote was often lowest in parts of Britain, like London which have relatively large ethnic minorities”, and provides one possible explanation, nodding to “social-psychological ‘contact theory” which “holds that over time people from different ethnic groups accommodate to each other through direct interaction.”

But again, wouldn’t we do well to linger? Isn’t the contrast at work here the same one that underpins the choice between two ways of building community with which I began my argument: on the one hand the horizontal empowerment of direct citizen involvement as a contact sport, working across borders and boundaries over time; and on the other, the rapid balloonings of the imagined monocultural National Us, under sudden threat from some imagined but never quite encountered enemy? If it is true that ‘contact’ makes such a difference, and bearing in mind for example, how every partial and selective version of the Brexit debate proliferates its own lethal enemy images, then mustn’t this be one priority for the proactively implemented “suite of packages” that Goodwin calls for, adding to his emphasis on what the populists get right, an accompanying emphasis on the need to be “exposed to different perspectives” that is pretty well indistinguishable from “cosmopolitan standards.”

Goodwin and Eatwell are always worth reading, because their work contains so many of the relevant facts. Take for example, Goodwin’s scrupulous qualification to his proposal for “making greater use of local referendums”, that “Such initiatives would not necessarily halt populism, as countries like Switzerland with its long tradition of direct democracy show.” So what advance on local referenda is conducive to the “meaningful discussion among citizens about political reform” that Goodwin seeks, that might respond to the “lack of voice” and sense of “distant elites that united many Leave voters”?

Turn your back on pluralist encounter, or fail to question “assimilation” and are you really helping anybody? Isn’t it at least worth wondering what would happen if we dropped the Somewhere: Anywhere binary, and thought instead about a deeply polarised but hugely diverse society, divided between people like the leavers and remainers brought together in the Citizens Assembly on Brexit in Manchester last September, who were relieved to hear each other out, able to change their minds, and honoured to have the opportunity to think about the interests of the country as a whole; and those who are determined neither to persuade or to be persuaded, for whom reliance on force of number, a strong man, crashing out of the EU, or failing these, the lurking possibility of violence, seem the only hope?

If that is truer to the reality in which we live, as I believe, then a framing of debate that pits those who are privileged by dint of their sheer capacity for debate against those who are not, perversely leaves national populist supporters with little to fall back on but stubborn silence and a gathering sense of betrayal. Eatwell asks us not to “ignore the views of national populist voters who have relatively low levels of education, and are not greatly interested in politics” – fair enough as far as it goes. But in this reductive straitjacket of a stand-off, don’t we begin to ask ourselves what is cause and what is effect? Framing the immigration debate in a way that assumes assimilation is the name of the game can only exacerbate the unpreparedness and fears of people panicking at the prospect of further, disempowering change. “Brexit means Brexit” is such a counterproductive dictum of majority reassurance precisely because it promises that you won’t have to change your mind. “Stopping Brexit”, reversing it or getting it over and done with plays exactly to the same humiliations and sense of powerlessness. So why should people be interested in politics, or democracy, when it only offers further loss of control over their lives?

Cas Mudde writes this week in openDemocracy that, “Today, the far right has established itself at the center of European politics, while scholarship is predominantly “neutral”, although most scholars remain hostile to the far right itself (but increasingly sympathetic to its voters).” Unfortunately, it seems true that these scholars also prefer to dwell on our need to understand the “strong identification” of such voters with a non-existent or imaginary monocultural National Us, at a time when Tommy Robinson is busy inflating that balloon, by claiming that his far right will lead “the 52% who opted for leave in the referendum”.

Aren’t we doing Robinson’s work for him, when we encourage people to ignore the diversity in their own ranks; when we reassure people that they don’t have to change their minds or take minority viewpoints into account; and when we create an enemy image out of the ‘other’? 

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Raids in Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands were the culmination of an investigation into the ‘ndrangheta criminal group.
          Comment on Never Netherlands: 7 reasons Finns should never visit a Dutch sauna by Steff      Cache   Translate Page      
That's complete bullshit! Maybe you met someone extremly rude, but "the Germans" never do that. What did Germans do to make you want to insult all of them??
          HOLTZHEUSER, HETTY      Cache   Translate Page      
HOLTZHEUSER, HETTY Hetty's journey began in Utrecht, The Netherlands on June 28, 1929, as Hendrika Johanna Theresia Harmsen, the second child of...
          #cricket - crick8_is_life      Cache   Translate Page      
@gmaxi_32 and @aaronfinch5 opts out of 2019 IPL !! @iplt20 #ipl #iplonstar #cricket #viratkohli #msdhoni #rohitsharma #uae #hongkong #netherlands #srilanka #bangladesh #canada #afganisthan #zimbabwe #cricketbest #chrisgayle #davidwarner #stevesmith #spineer #instagood #motivation #cricketnewzeland #international #rr #csk #kkr #rcb #kxip
          #cricket - crick8_is_life      Cache   Translate Page      
Players with 2 crore base in upcoming auction !! @iplt20 #ipl #iplonstar #cricket #viratkohli #msdhoni #rohitsharma #uae #hongkong #netherlands #srilanka #bangladesh #canada #afganisthan #zimbabwe #cricketbest #chrisgayle #davidwarner #stevesmith #spineer #instagood #motivation #cricketnewzeland #international #rr #csk #kkr #rcb #kxip #worldt20 #srh
          #cricket - crick8_is_life      Cache   Translate Page      
Indian players whose base price is revealed ahead of ipl auction 2019 !!! #ipl #iplonstar #cricket #viratkohli #msdhoni #rohitsharma #uae #hongkong #netherlands #srilanka #bangladesh #canada #afganisthan #zimbabwe #cricketbest #chrisgayle #davidwarner #stevesmith #spineer #instagood #motivation #cricketnewzeland #international #rr #csk #kkr #rcb #kxip #worldt20 #srh
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          A Holiday Message from the UK Foreign Office      Cache   Translate Page      
posted by Christopher W. Holton The UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office has issued a dozen identically worded advisories for European nations. The nations for which the advisory was issued are Poland, Netherlands, Switzerland, Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic, Germany, Austria, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, and France. The advisory text reads: “May be increased security in place over […]
          Dutch Government Confirms Russia Violating INF Treaty      Cache   Translate Page      
The Dutch government has information that Russia developed a prohibited cruise missile, according to a letter written by Ministers Stef Blok of Foreign Affairs and Ank Bijleveld of Defense. It involves a SSC-8 missile that has a range of over 500 kilometers, which violates the INF treaty, NOS reports.

The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was signed in 1987 between the United States and Russia. It put an end to the Cold War. The treaty forbids the development of missiles with a range of more than 500 kilometers.

"The Netherlands can independently confirm that Russia has developed and is currently introducing a ground-based cruise weapon", the two Ministers wrote to the Tweede Kamer, the lower house of Dutch parliament. This is based on "intelligence".

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The Teijin Group [ ] announced today that on November 29 it acquired 25,000 shares, or 20 percent of the outstanding shares of Elitac B.V. [ ], a startup company that develops textiles and clothing integrated with wearable sensing devices, located in Utrecht, The Netherlands. The shares were purchased through Teijin Aramid B.V [ ]., the core company of the Teijin Group's aramid business, located in Arnhem, The Netherlands.
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The first two hash tag links below compile astonishing videos, photos and articles on the riots and chaos instigated by the “Yellow Jacket“ movement consuming – over the weekend – not only some famous parts of Paris, but reaching out to other parts of France and other countries, such as Belgium and the Netherlands. The …
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sauer 38HThe Netherlands’ National Military Museum has unveiled a new display including the pistol carried by Adolf Hitler’s right hand man in the Netherlands during World War Two. The pistol was owned by Arthur Seyss-Inquart, an Austrian Nazi politician who was appointed as Reichskommissar of the Netherlands by Hitler in late May 1940. He directed the Nazi […]

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The post Nazi Minister’s Pistol Found in Attic Goes on Display in Netherlands appeared first on The Firearm Blog.

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320 kbps

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Washington (UPI) Dec 4, 2018
The 308th Fighter Squadron was stood up in a ceremony at Luke Air Force Base on Nov. 30th as part of a F-35 training unit for the Netherlands and Denmark. Squadron operations will begin this month, according to the Air Force. Luke is the primary training center for F-35 operators with the 308th being the fourth squadron to come online at the base. "The 308th FS is the four
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          Angie on "Travel Capsule, and a WIW"      Cache   Translate Page      

I’m back in the Netherlands hanging with my Papa for 8 days before Xmas. Doing the same old things because they make my Dad happy. Seeing family, doing errands, admin, cleaning up, attending meetings, and everything is on foot, with public transport, and in Dutch.

#1 - packed a colour and pattern rich capsule, cause why not!

#2 - 86 year old Dad after the daily grocery run.

#3 - The bundled up outfit of the day.

#4 - Dad decided we needed a pic of the back of my outfit :)

#5/6 - Dad’s Arty photo taking skills. Funny! He doesn’t have a cell phone so it’s a gamble when he takes pics....

# 7 - Dad’s a Selfie pro. Cracks me up.

Nice dry day for a change.

          Germany beat Netherlands 4-1 in Euro rivalry, inch closer towards quarters      Cache   Translate Page      
BHUBANESWAR, Dec 5: Two-time champions Germany outclassed last edition's silver medallists Netherlands 4-1 in their second Pool D match to inch closer towards booking a direct quarterfinal berth at the ongoing Men's Hockey World Cup here on Wednesday.
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Amsterdam, The Netherlands – Wildland fires make a huge contribution to climate change and some countries fail to adequately monitor or report emissions from them, according to a new report “Lost in smoke: wildland fire climate impact” released by Greenpeace International today. If we keep ignoring the climate impacts of fires, we will struggle to get on a pathway that limits warming to the Paris Agreement target of 1.5°C. According to the research, gross wildland fire CO2  emissions may...

Read the full story at

          Switzerland labels homophobia a criminal offence      Cache   Translate Page      
The Swiss parliament has extended the scope of anti-racism laws to include discrimination based on sexual orientation. Intersexual (people born with male and female chromosones and/or sexual organs) and transgender people, on the other hand, will not enjoy the same level of protection. Both houses of parliament have now approved a motion to criminalise homophobia. Switzerland now joins the likes of France, Austria, the Netherlands and Denmark in taking criminal action against such discrimination. Homophobia can now be combated in the same way as racism. For example, a person who publicly declares that "all homos should be imprisoned in camps" can be prosecuted. This has not been the case so far. Homophobic bodily injuries can now also be properly recorded. This makes it possible to meet the demands of LGBTIQ organisations of keeping statistics on homophobia. Anyone who violates the law, either with racist or homophobic acts, can be sentenced to up to three years in prison. The ...

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