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          University ‘forced out’ from Budapest      Cache   Translate Page      

A university in Hungary now formally accepts that it “has been forced out” from its Budapest base – after a weekend deadline to reach a deal with the government passed without any last-minute agreement.

The post University ‘forced out’ from Budapest appeared first on News.


          Things Were Supposed to Be Different in Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      

Hungary is back in the news, and the news isn’t good.

The Hungary-based, U.S.-accredited, thoroughly cosmopolitan Central European University announced it is closing up shop and moving its campus to Vienna. This may not attract broad attention, but I heard the news with a pang of frustration.

Things were supposed to be different.

It was in the fall of 2014 that democratically elected Hungarian strongman Viktor Orban announced a law that would tax the internet. This infuriated everyone—liberal and conservative, old and young, rich and poor—and everyone turned out onto the street. I was there, too—both as a social movement scholar and as a resident of a country that seemed to have come suddenly alive.

I was a professor at CEU, thrilled to work for a university whose mandate was building knowledge and experience that promoted free and open societies. My students came from all over the world, studied with leading scholars, and proceeded to go back out and work for the greater good.

So when the protests broke, I hit the street together with my graduate students and citizen journalists. We used a newly acquired drone to film the protests—effectively democratizing surveillance. In the prior year, I had participated in poorly attended protests alongside handfuls of people, but this was different. From the surging crowd, you could feel the enthusiasm, solidarity, and hope for a better future. From the air, we could see that the crowds were huge, stretching as far as the eye could see.

We later estimated tens of thousands of people turned out. The government said the numbers were lower, but our drone footage suggested otherwise and quickly went viral.

The government eventually dropped the internet tax law. The people celebrated. I wrote about the experience for Slate, gave talks about our experience, and decided to write a book about how drones democratize surveillance.

Fast-forward to yesterday: Perhaps that should be Hungary’s motto, as the country has passed more and more policies against the freedoms we all celebrated after the end of the Cold War. The freedom of assembly with like-minded citizens to advocate change is a hallmark of democracy, and exactly the kind of thing targeted by the likes of Trump, Putin, and Orban.

Central European University includes academics who are critical of the Orban regime, and the university’s primary sponsor is the philanthropist George Soros, a frequent target of Orban’s wrath and right-wing consternation. After years of bullying and haranguing by a presidential administration intent on passing new laws that violate international law and push the University into noncompliance, Central European University has announced it is leaving Budapest. The challenge to the internet in 2014, the harassment of civil society groups (including Soros’ Open Society Foundation’s operations in Budapest, which recently decamped to Berlin) since 2014, and the eviction of CEU this week are all in keeping with the oligarchic playbook that lately seems to be passed freely between Russia, the United States, and the Philippines.

The public’s defeat of the internet tax was tactical, but the government’s authoritarian trajectory was strategic. In 2016 the European Court of Human Rights determined that the country’s digital surveillance practices violate European Human Rights rules. But the forces that ultimately drove CEU from Hungary have more to do with the deliberate erosion of trust in civil society groups and outsiders, whether they are undocumented migrants or world-class scholars.

When in 2015 the government invited my collaborators and me to a conference in order to announce new legislation that would prohibit gathering the kind of drone footage that helped fuel the movement, we should have seen the writing on the wall. When efforts to democratize surveillance are curbed by a powerful government, you can bet it won’t stop there.

Many are calling for a sustained show of support for both CEU as it decamps for Vienna. They are right. But we should also mobilize a show of solidarity with the amazing civil society groups that remain in Budapest, taking a stand against the oligarchy.

The watchdog group Átlátszó (a word that means transparent in English), for example, partnered with my team to make those videos of the protest I mentioned earlier. They were viewed tens of thousands of times and the internet tax was dropped. Sustained support for groups like Átlátszó will hold the Orban administration to account despite the gap left by outbound CEU and the the audible silence from the White House.

Now, Orban will find a new somebody to scapegoat. He knows he won’t be punished for it: Foreign investment has only increased since those protests of 2014. Illiberal democracy and global capital make efficient bedfellows. The question is how long either can survive without open and vibrant civil societies.

Hungary knows that answer, after all it endured Russia’s Cold War vigil against free speech, free association, and free thought. It’s a shame it has chosen to repeat history.


          University founded by George Soros says it has been kicked out of Hungary, moving programs to Austria      Cache   Translate Page      

Central European University said Monday it will move its U.S.-accredited degree programs from the Hungarian capital of Budapest to Vienna in September, as Hungary’s government is refusing to sign an agreement allowing it to stay.

University President and Rector Michael Ignatieff said Monday that...


          Aboriginal fekete bársony kabát - Jelenlegi ára: 2 990 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Használt, de nagyon szép állapotú minőségi kabát. 1db belső és 2db külső zsebbel. Cipzárral záródik, majd patentokkal ezt is el lehet tüntetni szem elől. Igen kényelmes, meleg, puha viselet. Átmeneti időszakra vagy egy vékonyabb pulóverrel aláöltözve télre is alkalmas.
NINCS REJTETT MINIMÁLÁR, mindenki bátran licitáljon!
Kérem, tekintse meg a többi aukciómat is, egyszeri postázási költséggel több mindent vásárolhat. Köszönöm.
Az aukciót kérésre idő előtt is lezárom, ha legalább egy hét eltelt az indulás óta.
Feltételek: UTÁNVÉTTEL NEM POSTÁZOK, személyes átvétel csak egyedi, még licit előtt megbeszélt esetekben lehetséges. Preferált fizetési mód a banki átutalás, mindenkinek ez a legelőnyösebb. Ha az utalás problémát okoz, helyette postai rózsaszín csekken is fel lehet adni a pénzt. Ha a kapcsolatfelvétel a vevő hibájából 3 napon belül nem történik meg, eladó automatikusan a következő szankciókat alkalmazhatja: az aukció érvénytelenítése és az áru újralistázása, a vevő Vatera tiltólistára helyezése és negatív minősítése. A termékeket kizárólag a nyerő licitben feltüntetett értéken lehet átvenni, utólagos alku nem lehetséges, ezért fontos, hogy mindig alaposan olvassa el a szöveget és nézze meg a képeket, tegye fel kérdéseit és mindezek alapján döntsön! Mindig ép és funkciójának megfelelő árut kínálok, ezen túlmenő garanciát nem vállalok, hacsak a leírásban ez nincs feltüntetve. A színek a valóságban némileg eltérhetnek a fotókon láthatóaktól. Szállítási információk az I+ oldalamon. Magán aukció, a vételár és a postaköltség visszatérítésére nincs mód. Kérem, ha a fenti vásárlási feltételeket nem tudja elfogadni, ne licitáljon! Elnézést kérek a becsületes Vaterásoktól a fenti "agyonszabályozásért" de sajnos szükség van rá az utóbbi időben elszaporodott átverések miatt. Figyelmét és érdeklődését nagyon köszönöm.
INTERNATIONAL BIDDERS ARE WELCOME!
If you live outside of Hungary, just send me a pm with your questions or ask for international registered postage cost to your country. I will answer your question as soon as possible. I post the package inmediately after received the payment. Payment can be made with bank transfer or by PayPal. Thank you for looking and happy bidding.
Aboriginal fekete bársony kabát
Jelenlegi ára: 2 990 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-05 01:11
          DONNA csajos bőrkabát szőrme gallérral - Jelenlegi ára: 3 990 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Keveset használt, nagyon szép állapotú kabát. Kényelmes, jól szellőző, meleg viselet. 2db nagy gombbal záródik. Párducmintás béléssel és szőrme gallérral, mandzsettákkal. 2db zsebbel. Feltételezem, hogy nem valódi bőr, illetve szőrme, de egyébként nagyon úgy néz ki: )
NINCS REJTETT MINIMÁLÁR, mindenki bátran licitáljon!
Kérem, tekintse meg a többi aukciómat is, egyszeri postázási költséggel több mindent vásárolhat. Köszönöm.
Az aukciót kérésre idő előtt is lezárom, ha legalább egy hét eltelt az indulás óta.
Feltételek: UTÁNVÉTTEL NEM POSTÁZOK, személyes átvétel csak egyedi, még licit előtt megbeszélt esetekben lehetséges. Preferált fizetési mód a banki átutalás, mindenkinek ez a legelőnyösebb. Ha az utalás problémát okoz, helyette postai rózsaszín csekken is fel lehet adni a pénzt. Ha a kapcsolatfelvétel a vevő hibájából 3 napon belül nem történik meg, eladó automatikusan a következő szankciókat alkalmazhatja: az aukció érvénytelenítése és az áru újralistázása, a vevő Vatera tiltólistára helyezése és negatív minősítése. A termékeket kizárólag a nyerő licitben feltüntetett értéken lehet átvenni, utólagos alku nem lehetséges, ezért fontos, hogy mindig alaposan olvassa el a szöveget és nézze meg a képeket, tegye fel kérdéseit és mindezek alapján döntsön! Mindig ép és funkciójának megfelelő árut kínálok, ezen túlmenő garanciát nem vállalok, hacsak a leírásban ez nincs feltüntetve. A színek a valóságban némileg eltérhetnek a fotókon láthatóaktól. Szállítási információk az I+ oldalamon. Magán aukció, a vételár és a postaköltség visszatérítésére nincs mód. Kérem, ha a fenti vásárlási feltételeket nem tudja elfogadni, ne licitáljon! Elnézést kérek a becsületes Vaterásoktól a fenti "agyonszabályozásért" de sajnos szükség van rá az utóbbi időben elszaporodott átverések miatt. Figyelmét és érdeklődését nagyon köszönöm.
INTERNATIONAL BIDDERS ARE WELCOME!
If you live outside of Hungary, just send me a pm with your questions or ask for international registered postage cost to your country. I will answer your question as soon as possible. I post the package inmediately after received the payment. Payment can be made with bank transfer or by PayPal. Thank you for looking and happy bidding.
DONNA csajos bőrkabát szőrme gallérral
Jelenlegi ára: 3 990 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-05 01:11
          George Soros-founded university in Hungary says they are being 'forced out of Budapest'      Cache   Translate Page      

          George Soros’ graduate school says it is being forced out of Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      
The Central European University, founded by George Soros, said on Monday, December 3, 2018, that it had been forced out of Hungary in “an arbitrary e
          #bulgaria - xingelnakaya      Cache   Translate Page      
Really surprised this morning. Someone. I thought I met them again. Be security conscience. #france #uk #belarus #spain #germany #estonia #latvia #hungary #snypechat #bulgaria #belgium #ireland #greece #romania #lithuania #luxembourg #sweden #europe #slovenia #portugal #netherlands #italy #austria #england #denmark #cyprus #czechrepublic #finland #slovakia #russsia
          #bulgaria - onefitnessone      Cache   Translate Page      
Feeling naughty with @evamarie.dk 🍑💪❤️ #denmark #sweden #norway #serbia #croatia #hungary #germany #france #netherlands #russia #australia #usa #england #greece #turkey #bulgaria #españa #portugal #ukraine #belarus #estonia #lithuania #poland #india #japan #korea
          #bulgaria - tanking2020      Cache   Translate Page      
Welcome to the tanking2020 world 世界の風景、美しい写真  世界放浪の旅 「タンキング少年の大冒険」 The Great Adventures of Tanking Boy Key word "tanking2020" Journey of wandring😎 Earth 🌙moon 🌅sunrise Love peace🌐 freedom🗽 Please spread it to all your friends #イマソラ#世界の風景 #USA#Hungary#Romania#Bulgaria#Greece#Poland#Finland#Norway#Egypt#Ireland #instagood #instagram#photography#aroundtheworld #travel#love#backpacker #camera #canon #SONY #nikon #pentax#goprohero5 #gopro #海外旅行#写真#旅 #写真好きな人と繋がりたい around the world 😎 youtube:channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuQLOU1GoQyJeTEXILXrQkg
          12/4/2018: NEWS: Central European University ‘forced’ out of Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      

Michael Ignatieff, CEU president and former Liberal leader, called the government’s move ‘democratic backsliding of a serious kind’ The Central European University is being pushed out of Hungary, a sign of a growing threat to democracy in that...
          ECtHR rules that prohibiting linking to defamatory content might be freedom of expression violation: what implications (if any) for copyright?      Cache   Translate Page      
Kat licknking
Can linking to protected content be considered an infringement of IP rights, at certain conditions? As far as copyright is concerned, this is a question that - further to the decisions of the Court of Justice of the European (CJEU) in cases like Svensson [Katposts here] and GS Media [Katposts here] - has a response in the affirmative in the EU.

But is it possible that envisaging liability for acts of linking might be a violation of the link provider's own human rights, notably freedom of expression under Article 10 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR)?

This is the issue that the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) had to consider in Magyar Jeti Zrt v Hungary

Today, this court answered the question in the affirmative, at least in relation to linking to defamatory content.

Let's see how the ECtHR reasoned, before turning to the potential implications for IP and, in particular, copyright.

Background

The applicant company, which operates a popular news portal (444.hu), complained under Article 10 ECHR that, by finding it liable for the posting on its own website of a hyperlink leading to defamatory content on YouTube, Hungarian courts had unduly restricted its freedom of expression.

What happened is that in 2013 a group of intoxicated football fans stopped by a school, attended by a majority of Roma pupils. The former disembarked the bus to make racist remarks and threats against the pupils. 

444.hu subsequently published an article which included a link to a YouTube video containing the recording of a telephone call between the leader of the Roma minority local government in Konyár and one of the pupils' parents. The former had indicated that the attackers would be members of a political party, Jobbik.

Jobbik brought defamation proceedings against a number of subjects, including 444.hu. It argued that, by using the term Jobbik to describe the football supporters and by publishing a hyperlink to the YouTube video, the respondents had infringed its right to reputation.

All the domestic courts that heard the case concluded, among other things, that 444.hu was liable for disseminating defamatory statements for conveying the impression that the football supporters would be organizationally linked to the political party. The defamatory act, in the case of 444.hu, consisted of the link to the YouTube video. 

Having thus exhausted the internal remedies, 444.hu sued Hungary before the ECHR for alleged violation of its own freedom of expression, arguing that domestic courts had unduly considered the provision of a link as akin to the posting of actual defamatory information.

444.hu
The judgment

Having reviewed a number of authorities, including the CJEU decision in GS Media, the ECtHR noted that there was no doubt that an interference with the applicant's freedom of expression had occurred and that it was meant to pursue a legitimate aim. The core of the assessment turned to whether it was also 'necessary in a democratic society' (as per Article 10(2) ECHR).

The court recalled that, for journalists, Article 10 protection is conditional upon them acting in good faith and on an an accurate factual basis so to provide “reliable and precise” information in accordance with the ethics of journalism [so, Article 10 does not cover 'fake news']. When third-party rights are at stake, a fair balance must be struck between journalists' Article 10 freedom and other parties' freedoms, including respect for private life under Article 8 ECHR.

With particular regard to the internet, while this has facilitated the dissemination of information, at the same time it has been posing greater challenges to the effective protection of Article 8. It follows that:
Because of the particular nature of the Internet, the “duties and responsibilities” of Internet news portals [which, the Court stressed, are to be treated differently from information society service providers] for the purposes of Article 10 may differ to some degree from those of a traditional publisher, as regards third-party content ... Although Internet news portals are not publishers of third-party comments in the traditional sense, they can assume responsibility under certain circumstances for user-generated content ...
Besides noting that a different treatment might be reserved to the dissemination of third-party content through traditional and online media, the ECtHR stressed the important of the internet to enhancing the public's access to news and information, and held that:
[T]he very purpose of hyperlinks is, by directing to other pages and web resources, to allow Internet‑users to navigate to and from material in a network characterised by the availability of an immense amount of information. Hyperlinks contribute to the smooth operation of the Internet by making information accessible through linking it to each other. Hyperlinks, as a technique of reporting, are essentially different from traditional acts of publication in that, as a general rule, they merely direct users to content available elsewhere on the Internet. They do not present the linked statements to the audience or communicate its content, but only serve to call readers’ attention to the existence of material on another website. A further distinguishing feature of hyperlinks, compared to acts of dissemination of information, is that the person referring to information through a hyperlink does not exercise control over the content of the website to which a hyperlink enables access, and which might be changed after the creation of the link – a natural exception being if the hyperlink points to contents controlled by the same person. Additionally, the content behind the hyperlink has already been made available by the initial publisher on the website to which it leads, providing unrestricted access to the public.
As a result:
the Court cannot agree with the approach of the domestic courts consisting of equating the mere posting of a hyperlink with the dissemination of the defamatory information, automatically entailing liability for the content itself. It rather considers that the issue of whether the posting of a hyperlink may, justifiably from the perspective of Article 10, give rise to such liability requires an individual assessment in each case, regard being had to a number of elements.
The elements required for such an "individual assessment" include:
  • did the journalist endorse the impugned content?
  • did the journalist repeat the impugned content (without endorsing it)?
  • did the journalist merely put an hyperlink to the impugned content (without endorsing or repeating it)?
  • did the journalist know or could reasonably have known that the impugned content was defamatory or otherwise unlawful?
  • did the journalist act in good faith, respect the ethics of journalism and perform the due diligence expected in responsible journalism?
The court concluded that in the present case the article in question simply mentioned that an interview was to be found on YouTube and provided a means to access it through a hyperlink, without further comments on, or repetition even of parts of, the linked interview itself. No mention was made of the political party at all. As such, the interference with 444.hu's freedom of expression had been contrary to what Article 10 ECHR allows.

Implications for copyright

The ECtHR judgment is an important one, with significant - yet not seemingly life-changing - implications for linking under EU copyright law.

In fact, the Court was careful not to grant a 'blanket licence' to link. It stressed the importance of linking to the functioning of the internet and the dissemination of information. However, it also noted that, among the factors to consider, there is also whether the link provider knew or could have reasonably known that the content linked to was illegal.

In this sense, the reasoning of the ECtHR is in line with the CJEU decision in GS Media. In that case the content linked to was unlincensed (leaked Playboy pictures), and the CJEU stated that:
  • Liability would not subsist for link providers who do not pursue a profit-making intention and are unaware that the content linked to is unlicensed;
  • Liability could subsist for for-profit link providers who have not acted diligently to make sure that the content linked to is lawful (rebuttable presumption of knowledge);
  • Liability could subsist for for-profit link providers who are aware that the content linked to is unlawful.
The findings of the CJEU in GS Media are further summarized in my table below and here [for further materials, see here]:

In its decision, perhaps in more nuanced tones than what Advocate General Wathelet had done in his Opinion [here], the CJEU also stressed the importance of the internet to the functioning of a democratic society. This part of the judgment was actually relied upon by the German Federal Court of Justice (BGH) when it excluded that the GS Media presumption of knowledge would apply to search engines [Katpost here].

In this sense, the CJEU approach to linking (though in the copyright context) and the one adopted by the ECtHR do not appear to substantially diverge, and both courts stressed the centrality of the need for an individual assessment of the specific case at issue. 

In all this, the most important take-home point of the Magyar Jeti decision is that, when it comes to linking, different rights might be at stake and that a careful balancing exercise must be undertaken. This is something that also the CJEU suggested in GS Media, though possibly in more concise tones. In this sense, the ECtHR ruling appears a welcome clarification in the case law on linking. 

          1938 évi 1 pengős RR kép szerint - Jelenlegi ára: 4 050 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
A képen látható darab(tétel) képezi az eladás tárgyát.
FIGYELEM!! KÜLFÖDRE NEM POSTÁZOK!   SHIPMENT ONLY TO HUNGARY!!
  A Vatera. hu oldalra feltöltött termékeimet NEM ADOM EL LICIT KÖZBEN, a Vaterán kívül, kérem Önöket, hogy ez ügyben ne is keressenek!!!  
A vevőnek a leütést követő 3 MUNKA napon belül jelentkeznie kell email-ben a megvásárolt tételért.
Fizetési határidő az elkelés napjától számított 10. naptári nap.  
FIGYELEM, 14 napon túli kifizetetlen tétel esetén automatikusan negatív értékelést küldök!!  
A kapcsolatfelvétel alkalmával kérem, közölje teljes nevét, postai címét és a vaterás felhasználónevét is!
Ezek hiányában postai feladást nem áll módomban teljesíteni.
Postázás: kizárólag ajánlott elsőbbségi levélként , amelynek költsége 500-Ft , EZ AZONBAN ÉRTÉKBIZTOSÍTÁST NEM TARTALMAZ! Eltünése esetén sem a posta sem pedig én anyagi felelősséget nem vállal!!
Nagyobb súlyú értékű vagy  terjedelmű darabok esetén az utalás előtt kérem emailben egyeztessen a postaköltségről velem! TŐBB TÉTEL ÖSSZE VÁRHATÓ EZ NEM PROBLÉMA CSAK EGYEZTESEN VELEM
Több tételt vásárlóktól  természetesen csak EGY postaköltséget kérek 20 db-ig.  
Az eladásra felkínált tételek a kikiáltási ár alatt nem kerülnek értékesítésre.
Minden esetben az eladásra kerülő darab vagy tétel(LOT)  megnevezésén túl, annak tartásfokát is közlöm. A lot-ban(TÉTELBEN) értékesített tételek esetén a tartásfok az összes darab tartásfokának átlaga!!
Az alkalmazott jelölések a következők: SZ (szép, még elfogadható állapot)
                                                         NSZ (nagyon szép, közepes állapotban lévő darab)
                                                          KIV (kiváló)
                                                          AUNC ( forgalomban nem volt, rendkívül apró hibával rendelkezik) 
                                                            UNC (forgalomban nem volt, hibátlan)
                                                            BU (selyemfényű),
                                                            PP (tükörveret).
BU és PP  daraboknál amennyiben nincs feltüntetve hiba, pl: mikrokarc, patina, peremhiba(ph)akkor a darabok makulátlanul tökéletes állapotúak.
A jelölések mellett esetlegesen alkalmazott + és ? jelek az adott tartásfok felső és alsó határához közeli értéket jelentenek.
Szerencsés licitálást kívánunk!
Kérem tekintse  meg a többi  termékemet is!!
1938 évi 1 pengős RR kép szerint
Jelenlegi ára: 4 050 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-16 19:50
          4 db sorkövető 1930 évi 100 pengős Ropogós papír - Jelenlegi ára: 233 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
A képen látható darab(tétel) képezi az eladás tárgyát.
FIGYELEM!! KÜLFÖDRE NEM POSTÁZOK!   SHIPMENT ONLY TO HUNGARY!!
  A Vatera. hu oldalra feltöltött termékeimet NEM ADOM EL LICIT KÖZBEN, a Vaterán kívül, kérem Önöket, hogy ez ügyben ne is keressenek!!!  
A vevőnek a leütést követő 3 MUNKA napon belül jelentkeznie kell email-ben a megvásárolt tételért.
Fizetési határidő az elkelés napjától számított 10. naptári nap.  
FIGYELEM, 14 napon túli kifizetetlen tétel esetén automatikusan negatív értékelést küldök!!  
A kapcsolatfelvétel alkalmával kérem, közölje teljes nevét, postai címét és a vaterás felhasználónevét is!
Ezek hiányában postai feladást nem áll módomban teljesíteni.
Postázás: kizárólag ajánlott elsőbbségi levélként , amelynek költsége 500-Ft , EZ AZONBAN ÉRTÉKBIZTOSÍTÁST NEM TARTALMAZ! Eltünése esetén sem a posta sem pedig én anyagi felelősséget nem vállal!!
Nagyobb súlyú értékű vagy  terjedelmű darabok esetén az utalás előtt kérem emailben egyeztessen a postaköltségről velem! TŐBB TÉTEL ÖSSZE VÁRHATÓ EZ NEM PROBLÉMA CSAK EGYEZTESEN VELEM
Több tételt vásárlóktól  természetesen csak EGY postaköltséget kérek 20 db-ig.  
Az eladásra felkínált tételek a kikiáltási ár alatt nem kerülnek értékesítésre.
Minden esetben az eladásra kerülő darab vagy tétel(LOT)  megnevezésén túl, annak tartásfokát is közlöm. A lot-ban(TÉTELBEN) értékesített tételek esetén a tartásfok az összes darab tartásfokának átlaga!!
Az alkalmazott jelölések a következők: SZ (szép, még elfogadható állapot)
                                                         NSZ (nagyon szép, közepes állapotban lévő darab)
                                                          KIV (kiváló)
                                                          AUNC ( forgalomban nem volt, rendkívül apró hibával rendelkezik) 
                                                            UNC (forgalomban nem volt, hibátlan)
                                                            BU (selyemfényű),
                                                            PP (tükörveret).
BU és PP  daraboknál amennyiben nincs feltüntetve hiba, pl: mikrokarc, patina, peremhiba(ph)akkor a darabok makulátlanul tökéletes állapotúak.
A jelölések mellett esetlegesen alkalmazott + és ? jelek az adott tartásfok felső és alsó határához közeli értéket jelentenek.
Szerencsés licitálást kívánunk!
Kérem tekintse  meg a többi  termékemet is!!
4 db sorkövető 1930 évi 100 pengős Ropogós papír
Jelenlegi ára: 233 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-16 19:30
          Katie Taylor to defend IBF and WBA lightweight titles against Eva Wahlstrom at Madison Square Garden this month      Cache   Translate Page      
KATIE TAYLOR will face a familiar foe this month in Eva Walhstrom for her IBF/WBA title defence at Madison Square Garden. The Bray Brawler will battle the Finn on December 15 aiming to, once again, defend here lightweight crowns. Talyor previously defeated Walhstrom in the 2006/2007 Witch Cup finals in Hungary and the pair will […]
          American University kicked out of Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      
Central European University, an American post graduate school located in Budapest, funded by native Hungarian and ultra left-wing extremist...
          (USA) Junior Business Development Manager      Cache   Translate Page      
Our Company The Kraft Heinz Company is revolutionizing the food industry – we will be the most profitable food company powered by the most talented people with unwavering commitment to our communities, leading brands and highest product quality in every category in which we compete. As a global powerhouse, Kraft Heinz represents over $26 billion in revenue and is the 5th largest food and beverage company in the world. At Kraft Heinz, to be the BEST food company, growing a BETTER world is more than a dream – it is our GLOBAL VISION. To be the best, we want the best – best brands, best practices and, most importantly, the best people. It's a Question of Taste Do more, be more. Whatever your aspirations, experience something exceptional at Kraft Heinz. We'll give you the freedom to determine your own direction and deliver in your own style. Outperform our expectations and you'll move forward faster than you ever thought possible. Come ready to dream. Come eager to grow.Get a taste of what your career could be at kraftheinzcompany.com/careers. Job Description The Distributor & Export Business Unit is in charge of the Kraft Heinz business in more than 20 European markets, amongst which the Nordics, Baltics, Hungary, Czech, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Israel and others. It is the growth engine of Kraft Heinz’s European business with its fast-developing business and ambitious year over year growth. Joining the D&E team, you will be joining a family of highly entrepreneurial, ambitious and passionate team players, dedicated to reaching our goal of being the BEST food company, growing a BETTER world. D&E is located in 2 offices of Kraft Heinz, Malmö (Sweden) and Amsterdam (the Netherlands). The majority of the people is sitting in Amsterdam. We have an excellent opportunity available for a Junior Business Development Manager in our Distributor & Export Business Unit to make a difference at Kraft Heinz. The Business Development Manager reports to the Commercial Head and is responsible for creating and delivering the JBPs (Joint Business Plans) with our external partners (distributors and Key accounts supplied directly). He/She owns the relationship with the distributors, ensures the budget delivery, drives growth and is a true ambassador for our brands and products. The role will involve managing multiple countries, with frequent travel, that will give you the exposure to FMCG markets in different regions in the above countries. The role will engage in a variety of tasks including sales, successful launching of KraftHeinz products, forecast, coordination, strategic planning, relationship management, negotiation and most of all, development and drive growth opportunities. In brief, you will be responsible for: + Delivery of annual sales objectives + Distributor Management + Driving growth opportunities / listings via tenders + Ownership of the volume forecasts + Pricing implementation Hard SkillsPlease kindly note that you need to have an EU Working Permit (Orientation Year Visa not included) in order to proceed for this position. + Bachelor Degree; Master Degree is a plus; + 2-4 years’ experience in a Sales position. Experience in managing international clients/distributors will be considered as a plus; + Language skills: fluent in English both written and oral. A second/third European language is a plus; What we offer you + An ambitious employer; + A competetive salary and an excellent bonus structure; + A permanent contract; + Reimbursement for your commuting Location(s)Amsterdam The Kraft Heinz Company is revolutionizing the food industry – we will be the most profitable food company powered by the most talented people with unwavering commitment to our communities, leading brands and highest product quality in every category in which we compete. As a global powerhouse, Kraft Heinz represents over $26 billion in revenue and is the 5th largest food and beverage company in the world. At Kraft Heinz, to be the BEST food company, growing a BETTER world is more than a dream – it is our GLOBAL VISION. To be the best, we want the best – best brands, best practices and, most importantly, the best people.
          ORBAN’S GETTING SERIOUS: University founded by George Soros says it has been kicked out of Hungary. …      Cache   Translate Page      
ORBAN’S GETTING SERIOUS: University founded by George Soros says it has been kicked out of Hungary. There’s a lot of scare language in this Los Angeles Times report, but the truth is that Soros has rarely been a friend of existing institutions in almost any country where he performs his philanthropy. That he’s finally receiving […]
          Comment on November Diary: Nation Wreckers In Hell, CRISPR Babies (He's On First) Eugenics vs. Dysgenics, Etc., by John Derbyshire      Cache   Translate Page      
Get a load of this chutzpah. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZGxpUjE1zU A democratically elected government(led by patriot Orban) ousting a foreign-controlled institution funded by globo-homo imperialist Soros to subvert Hungarian independence and sovereignty is 'anti-democratic'. These are the same Jews who bitch about the fantasy of Russian Collusion and Meddling in US elections. These are the same Jews who recruited Neo-Nazis to pull off a coup in Ukraine, the same Jews who supported the military coup in Egypt to remove the democratically elected Muslim Brotherhood government. According to globo-homo Jews, 'democratic values' means the freedom of Jewish oligarchs and activists to do as they please anywhere around the world. As far as these Jews are concerned, 'democracy' just means Power by Jewish Money and Media Monopoly all around the world. I suggest these Jews stop bitching about Hungary and meddling in Eastern European affairs and do something about all the Palestinians inside and outside of Israel who are being denied their basic human rights.
          'It doesn't matter if migrants shipped to island are criminals, they still have human rights'      Cache   Translate Page      
Denmark is set to send deported criminals and convicted asylum seekers on a deserted island off its coast. The policy forms part of a draft budget agreement between the government and right-wing populists the Danish People's Party (DPP). DPP tweeted a video and said: "Expelled, criminal aliens have nothing to in Denmark. Anders Primdahl Vistisen, a Danish MEP from the People's Party, said that the policy would only touch people who were convicted of an offence and had endured long prison sentences in Denmark so "they'll only have to stay there until they can return to their country of origin". He deemed it a "good solution to a delicate problem". But Dharmendra Kanani, Director of Strategy for the think-tank Friends of Europe, countered that view. "Seeing the cartoon and listening to some of the rhetoric coming out of the political party reminds you of the rhetoric a hundred years ago (at the start of WWI) and we should fear what is taking place. "It's like the genie is out of the bottle and it's everyone's game. Hungary and Poland what they with refugees and asylum seekers. Now Denmark is saying: 'It's okay to ferry people off to an island'." For Kanani, it doesn't matter if these are criminals that are being shipped to the island. "That doesn't mean they don't have any human rights," he added.
          CHỐNG THẢI KHÍ CARBON : THAN ĐÁ VẪN LÀ VUA! (Thanh Hà - RFI)       Cache   Translate Page      



Thanh Hà – RFI
Đăng ngày 04-12-2018 

Than đá là thủ phạm thải khí carbon số 1, làm hâm nóng trái đất nhưng vẫn là nguồn cung cấp điện lực quan trọng của thế giới. Hội nghị quốc tế chống biến đổi khí hậu COP 24 Katowice khai mạc ngay tại một trong những mỏ than Ba Lan. Nhà tài trợ chính của COP24 là tập đoàn than đá JSW.

Mỏ than ở tình Hồ Bắc. Ảnh minh họa. REUTERS/Jason Lee/File Photo

Châu Á, thị trường than đá lớn nhất thế giới
Năm ngoái nhu cầu tiêu thụ than đá trên hành tinh đã tăng lên trở lại sau hai năm sụt giảm. Châu Á là thị trường lớn nhất. Trung Quốc tuy là một nguồn sản xuất quan trọng nhưng vẫn phải nhập than của nước ngoài để đáp ứng nhu cầu của "công xưởng sản xuất thế giới" và 1,5 tỷ dân.

Theo thẩm định của Cơ Quan Năng Lượng Quốc Tế, trong hai năm liên tiếp, 2017 và 2018, Bắc Kinh cho các nhà máy điện sử dụng than đá hoạt động hết công suất, nhưng Trung Quốc có khuynh hướng từng bước giảm mức độ lệ thuộc vào than đá. Ngược lại Ấn Độ và nhiều nước Á châu khác, trong đó có Việt Nam, Philippines, Indonesia hay Malaysia… sử dụng than đá nhiều hơn.

Theo dự phóng của Cơ Quan Năng Lượng Quốc Tế, từ nay đến năm 2040 tiêu thụ than đá trên thế giới giao động ở mức 5.400 triệu tấn. Trung Quốc, Mỹ và nhất là châu Âu có xu hướng ít dùng than đá hơn nhưng bù lại Ấn Độ và các nước Đông Nam Á sẽ "lấp vào chỗ trống ấy", bởi than đá là một nguồn năng lượng "rẻ".

Đó không là một tin vui đối với trái đất.

Năm 2017, 40 % thải khí carbon làm hâm nóng bầu khí quyển do than đá gây nên. Để so sánh, dầu hỏa là 34 % và khí đốt là 19 % theo thẩm định của trung tâm nghiên cứu Global Carbon Project.

Vào lúc mà các nhà máy nhiệt điện trên địa cầu đua nhau nhả khói, một trong những giải pháp cộng đồng quốc tế đang hướng tới là thu giữ carbon thải ra. Với những phương tiện hiện tại, thế giới có phương tiện "nhốt" 2,4 triệu tấn một năm. Đây là một con số quá nhỏ. Bởi vì để thực hiện thỏa thuận chống biến đổi khí hậu Paris, nhân loại phải thu giữ được 350 triệu tấn carbon một năm.

Than đá, "huyết mạnh" của Ba Lan
Là nước chủ nhà đón hội nghị khí hậu, Ba Lan là một trong những nguồn sản xuất và tiêu thụ than đá vào bậc nhất tại châu Âu. Than đá là "vàng đen" của quốc gia đông Âu này. Hàng triệu người dân Ba Lan ngày ngày vẫn phải hít khói bụi từ các mỏ than, từ các nhà máy …

Nhiều thành phố của Ba Lan có tên trong danh sách những địa danh  ô nhiễm nhất của châu Âu. Nhưng người dân xứ này không có sự chọn lựa nào khác. Hiện tại than đá bảo đảm 80 % nhu cầu năng lượng cho gần 40 triệu dân Ba Lan.

Cuối tháng trước, bộ trưởng Năng Lượng Krzysztof Tchorzewski thông báo, đề ra mục tiêu vào năm 2030, giảm tỷ lệ nói trên xuống còn 60 %. Cần biết rằng, mục tiêu mà Liên Hiệp Châu Âu đang hướng tới là 30 % vào ngưỡng năm 2030. Vẫn theo bộ Năng Lượng Ba Lan, để giảm bớt lệ thuộc vào than đá, Ba Lan cần xây thêm ít nhất 6 nhà máy điện hạt nhân.
Trước mắt Vacxava bị chỉ trích là không có chiến lược năng lượng rõ ràng.

Là một quốc gia sản xuất than đá nhưng Ba Lan vẫn phải nhập than của Nga để đáp ứng nhu cầu nội địa. Ngoài ra, nước này dự trù mở thêm nhiều mỏ than, xây dựng thêm các nhà máy điện dùng than đá trong thập niên sắp tới.

Trong mắt các tổ chức bảo vệ môi trường, các nhà khoa học, than đá là nguồn gây ô nhiễm, đe dọa cả sức khỏe con người. Nhưng đối với dân cư thành phố Katowice và của cả vùng Silesia, miền nam Ba Lan, than đá là huyết mạch của hàng triệu gia đình. Làm việc trong các mỏ than là một truyền thống từ thế hệ này sang thế hệ khác, cho dù đây là một cái nghề nguy hiểm. Trong 11 tháng đầu năm nay, đã có 21 thợ mỏ tử vong dưới lòng đất Silesia.

Nhìn rộng ra hơn, trên toàn quốc, 100.000 công nhân Ba Lan làm việc trong các mỏ than. Tuổi thọ của những người thợ mỏ Ba Lan bị rút ngắn hơn ở bất cứ nơi nào trên lãnh thổ Ba Lan, nhưng điều đó không làm nản lòng những thế hệ trẻ tại Silesia. Giấc mơ của giới trẻ tại đây là được làm việc cho JSW.

Với 27.000 nhân viên, JSW là tập đoàn than đá số 1 Ba Lan và là một trong những tên tuổi trong ngành của Liên Hiệp Châu Âu. Không ít thợ mỏ người Ukraina, Slovakia và cả Hungary hay thậm chí là Tây Ban Nha sang Ba Lan tìm việc.

Giám đốc JSW Daniel Ozon không khỏi tự hào là nhà tài trợ chính thức "quan trọng nhất" của hội nghị khí hậu COP24 ở Katowice. Điều này không khỏi gây bối rối cho nước chủ nhà. Bộ trưởng Môi Trường Ba Lan, Henryk Kowalczyk đã phải cải chính rằng tập đoàn than đá này chỉ là "một trong số" những vị mạnh thường quân bên cạnh những tập đoàn năng lượng sạch của Ba Lan, công ty khí đốt quốc gia PGNiG, các ngân hàng và hãng bảo hiểm ….

Pháp : 43 tỷ euro đầu tư cho năng lượng hóa thạch
Vài ngày trước hội nghị khí hậu Ba Lan, tổ chức Oxfam công bố một báo cáo cho thấy, các ngân hàng Pháp vẫn đầu tư vào các nguồn năng lượng hóa thạch như là dầu hỏa, khí đốt và than đá.

Báo cáo hôm 24/11/2018 chỉ ra rằng 6 ngân hàng lớn của Pháp, gồm BNP Paribas, Société Générale , Crédit Agricole, BPCE, Crédit Mutuel CIC và Banque Postale đầu tư 43 tỷ euro vào năng lượng hóa thạch. Con số này cao gấp gần 4 lần so với khoản đầu tư vào năng lượng gió và mặt trời.

Oxfam báo động, "số tiền đầu tư vào năng lượng bẩn trong năm 2017 cao hơn so với hồi 2016" . Ngược lại thì khoản vốn tài trợ cho các dự án phát triển năng lượng xanh đang từ 6,8 tỷ euro năm 2016 rơi xuống còn 5 tỷ trong năm qua.

Ba năm sau thỏa thuận khí hậu Paris, 70 % các khoản vốn đầu tư của các ngân hàng Pháp đổ vào các nguồn năng lượng hóa thạch.






          Central European University is forced out of Hungary, moving to Vienna      Cache   Translate Page      

Central European University announced today that it has been forced out of Hungary and will move its U.S.-accredited academic programs from Budapest to Vienna in September 2019.

CEU says the Hungarian government refuses to ratify an agreement that would allow it to continue to operate its campus in Budapest under the terms of an April 2017 law on foreign branch campuses. The law was widely seen as a targeted attack by Hungary’s increasingly illiberal government on CEU and its founder and honorary board chairman, the liberal financier George Soros.

The institution previously said it would move out of Hungary if the Hungarian government did not ratify an agreement that would let it continue to offer U.S. degree programs in Budapest by Dec. 1, a deadline that passed Saturday.

“Basically this is a dark day for freedom in Hungary,” said Michal Ignatieff, the president and rector of CEU. “And it’s a dark day for academic freedom.”

CEU’s future in Hungary came into question in April 2017 when the government passed a law on foreign branch campuses that many said seemed designed to specifically target the American-accredited institution. Among other things, the law required foreign branch campuses to have a campus in their home country, which CEU didn't have.

CEU officials say they have complied with the terms of the law by establishing academic programs in New York State. But the Hungarian government has refused to sign an agreement it negotiated with New York that would ensure the university’s long-term future.

"We can't do anything about that," Ignatieff said. "But we can't continue to play these games for another day, or another week. We have a university that we want to move to a country, Austria, where these games are not played, a country where the rule of law and respect for free institutions still means something.

"Let me make it clear that we are not going to Vienna to be a university in exile," Ignatieff added. "We're much more ambitious than that. We'll do what we do here, which is maintain world-class teaching and research in partnership with the great institutions of science and knowledge in Austria."

CEU, a graduate-only institution focused on the social sciences, humanities and law, traces its history back to 1989, when, according to a brief history on the university’s website, a group of intellectuals “conceptualized an international university that would help facilitate the transition from dictatorship to democracy in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.” The university opened its doors in Prague in 1991 and moved to Budapest in 1993.

The institution, which has both American and Hungarian accreditation, is highly regarded internationally, with scholars and administrators from Harvard, Oxford, Stanford and other elite institutions on its board. CEU says it receives more competitive European Union research grant funding than any other institution in Central Europe, having received more than 19 million euros (more than $21 million) in E.U. funding for the 2018-26 period.

But for all its international renown, the university has come under attack at home under the right-wing populist rule of Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, who has waged a prolonged attack on Soros.

The expulsion of CEU -- what government officials have referred to as the “Soros university” -- comes amid wider attacks on academic freedom in Hungary, including a recent move by the government to withdraw accreditation from gender studies programs and to impose a tax on academic programs for migrants and refugees. The European Parliament invoked concerns about the erosion of academic freedom and other freedoms of expression in Hungary in voting in September to ask member states to determine if Hungary is at risk of violating the founding values of the union -- a first step in a process that could eventually lead to E.U. sanctions against Hungary.

“It’s a sad day for the European Higher Education Area,” said Michael Gaebel, the director of the European University Association’s Higher Education Policy Unit. The EUA previously described the attacks on academic freedom and institutional autonomy in Hungary as "unprecedented in the European Union."

“We are worried about the implication that this has obviously for CEU but also for the higher education community in Hungary” more broadly, Gaebel said. “The government has demonstrated that it can close down or drive out a university. I think that’s a good demonstration of the power that the government has on these issues. I will assume that this will have an impact on the higher education and research sector in a way that people might feel intimidated, and might take to self-censorship. If the government has already decided that there should be no teaching on gender studies, the question is what comes next?”

In a statement, a spokeswoman for the U.S. Department of State expressed disappointment but not condemnation. The spokeswoman, Heather Nauert, said the U.S. is “disappointed that the Hungarian government and CEU have not concluded an agreement that would allow the university to continue its U.S.-accredited programs in Hungary … The departure of these U.S.-accredited programs from Hungary will be a loss for the CEU community, for the United States, and for Hungary.”

The U.S. ambassador to Hungary, David B. Cornstein, was involved in trying to negotiate a solution that would have allowed CEU to stay. The Washington Post reported that in an interview last week Cornstein declined to criticize Orbán for the failure to find a solution, instead blaming Soros for not developing a better relationship with the Hungarian prime minister.

According to the Post, Cornstein downplayed CEU’s importance -- contrasting its 1,500 students to the much larger enrollments of major U.S. universities like Ohio State University -- and described the dispute as a personal one between Orbán and Soros.

“It had to do with two men,” Cornstein told the Post. “It doesn’t have anything to do with academic freedom.”

The Hungarian government did not comment on CEU’s announcement Monday, but likewise has previously suggested that academic freedom is not at issue. Hungary's government maintains that CEU can continue to operate in Hungary through an affiliated institution.

“The CEU has an affiliate, the Közép-europai Egyetem, that is registered and accredited in Hungary. Courses may continue to be held and diplomas awarded from this Hungarian-accredited institution. So how does this have anything to do with academic freedom?” a government spokesman, Zoltán Kovács, said in November.

A spokeswoman for CEU, Ildiko Rull, said in October that the university hopes the Hungarian entity, known by the acronym KEE, “will remain intact. However, as currently all of our students are enrolled into American programs, and KEE has significantly fewer programs than CEU, it is unclear whether KEE will be viable in the long run.”

Ignatieff said Monday that CEU plans to retain some teaching and research activities in Budapest, but it is unclear just what the government will permit it to do.

"We retain accreditation and are proud of the fact that we secured accreditation in Hungary in March 2018 after external international review. So we’ll proceed on the basis that this can continue to be a teaching site of some kind. We will maintain research activities, research centers, if we can -- but notice the way I’m saying this. I have to tell you we’re in a lawless situation," Ignatieff said.

"We want to continue in Budapest as long as we can; we want to maintain this beautiful building as a resource for all the citizens of Budapest," he said. "But we’re in uncharted territory here. We're not seeking to provoke the government. I'm just saying we actually don't know what it's going to be possible for us to do."

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          The double standards applied to academic freedom      Cache   Translate Page      

The political right is not only cracking down on academic freedoms, but has started simultaneously to become a fierce advocate of an aggressively anti-intellectual freedom of speech.

The embattled Central European University in Budapest, November 24, 2018. Omar Marques/Press Asociation. All rights reserved.

The Central European University (CEU) will move their main campus to Vienna. It has appeared inevitable for a while now due to a crackdown and targeting by Hungary’s far-right prime minister, Viktor Orbán. Yet, the significance and repercussions of this fact are profound and remind us that academic freedom is not only under attack in places far away from home. My own area of interest, gender studies, has been particularly targeted not only in Hungary but more widely in anti-gender studies movements and lobbies, including in Germany where we have also seen the rise of the extreme right.

Until quite recently, academic freedom, or rather the absence thereof, was something other people had to struggle with. Based in London, where I have been working at what is probably the most radical and progressive institution of higher education within the UK, I generally felt privileged and confident in my academic freedom. Meanwhile, I was acutely aware that colleagues elsewhere, mainly those researching and teaching in the Middle East, but also academics working in Middle East Studies in the US, were challenged by many different forms of encroachment on and violations of their academic freedom. 

In some extreme cases, such as those of my colleagues, friends and family in Iraq during the Ba‘th regime, it was not merely a matter of working in the context of severe censorship and political pressure, but Iraqi academics actually endured a struggle to stay out of prison cells, or even worse, to avoid execution. All these years, I assumed that my role was to be that of expressing solidarity, raising consciousness about the plight of my colleagues, and facilitating refuge.

Instrumentalised

Nowadays, however, academic freedom has become a real issue within British higher education in general, as well as within SOAS, University of London, the institution I have been attached to for the past 11 years. Academic freedom is acutely under threat, and violated, but also instrumentalised and twisted in a most bizarre manner. 

Certainly, the consequences and symptoms of these encroachments and manipulations are not comparable to what colleagues are enduring in the worst-offending places, for example, to what we have been witnessing in Turkey under Erdoğan in recent years.

Yet, it is important to recognise that something significant has shifted and has affected our understandings of and debates about academic freedom in the UK. 

This shift within British higher education relates to wider changes within the political landscape in Britain and more broadly in western contexts. It is characterised by the securitization of migration, borders and ideas, the growth of racism, Islamophobia, and wider xenophobia as well as the broader increase and normalization of right wing voices, organizations and movements.

The ‘Prevent Duty’

More specifically, research, teaching, publications and academic debate in the UK have increasingly been under scrutiny and restricted due to the introduction in 2015 of what has been called  ‘the Prevent Duty’, a set of rules and guidelines that are part of wider anti-terrorism legislation. 

Prevent contains a duty on specified authorities including universities to have ‘due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism’ (Home Office, 2015). Allison Scott-Bauman, Professor of Society and Belief at SOAS has studied how the Prevent Duty has been interpreted and applied at various universities. In her view and that of her co-author Hugh Tomlinson, the 2015 anti-terrorism act is unclear and potentially misleading:

Broad definitions of extremism seem to be linked to equally imprecise definitions of “terrorism”, “non-violent extremism”, “radicalisation” and “fundamental British values”. These definitions could be understood to mean that people who are, for example, critical of British foreign policy, are at risk of radicalisation and to suggest that academics and students accustomed to expressing personal views at university would need to be warned of the risks of discussing certain issues. But this is not correct, and universities should not let the imprecise and unclear language of the guidance draw them into placing unlawful restrictions on academic freedom and freedom of speech. (Scott-Baumann and Tomlinson, 2017).

The University College Union (UCU), a large union of academics and professional staff working in higher education in the UK passed a statement in 2015 setting out several objections to the Prevent Duty (UCU, 2015): [it] seriously threatens academic freedom and freedom of speech; the broad definition of terrorism will stifle campus activism; the intention to force union members to be involved in the racist labelling of students is unacceptable; the Prevent Agenda will force union members to spy on  learners, is discriminatory towards Muslims, and legitimises Islamophobia and xenophobia, encouraging racist views to be publicised and normalised within society; the monitoring of Muslim students will destroy the trust needed for a safe and supportive learning environment and encourage discrimination against BME and Muslim staff and students; and the Prevent agenda will help racist parties such as UKIP to flourish.

The Prevent Duty is generally only applied in relation to speakers and events linked to Islam and Palestine-related speakers, with the latter more specifically those supporting the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement (BDS) against Israel. Right wing speakers and organizations promoting nationalist sentiments and policies, racism, Islamophobia as well as homophobia and transphobia not only seem to be excluded from the idea of spreading extremist ideas, but are ironically protected by the current government. 

In this wider context, SOAS has been particularly singled out within the media and by think tanks of a specific political persuasion. The right wing Henry Jackson Society, for example, issued a report in 2017 listing all universities who were supposedly in breach of the Prevent Duty for hosting extremist speakers. SOAS allegedly hosted more extremist speakers than any other university in the UK. However, when examining the 14 events that took place at SOAS in 2016/2017 listed in the report, many refer to prayer meetings, events organised by the Islamic Society or discussions around Palestine (Black, 2017). While most events were hosted by a student group working under the auspices of the student union, some events, especially those linked to Palestine-related issues have been organised by academics.

So far, it needs to be stressed, that the violations of academic freedom which have ensued at universities in the UK and which have mainly involved the cancellation of events or imposition of control over their format, as well as instances of censorship in terms of content – have mainly emerged due to university management giving in to pressure from political lobbying groups or the media, as opposed to overt pressure exerted by the government.

The ‘neutral chair’: a Troll’s charter

A number of incidents together illustrate how academic freedom has been concretely under threat in the UK. Aside from cancelling meetings deemed to be too contentious and provocative, university managements have replaced panel chairs shortly before ‘controversial’ meetings. The two most high profile cases, at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and University of Cambridge took place in November 2017 in relation to panels about Palestinian Rights, the BDS movement, and transnational solidarity. In both instances, the original chairs were deposed at the last minute by university management who gave in to external pressure. At LSE, management tried to implement the following guidelines: "At controversial events it is not prudent to have someone in the chair whose own views mean they may not be seen as a neutral chairperson"(Letter by LSE Academics, 2018). The university’s advice was strongly challenged by a group of LSE academics who signed a letter and started a campaign to counter its recommendations.

One professor of Middle East history and politics, John Chalcraft, who has been involved in a successful campaign to challenge the university’s policy, put it the following way:

"To impose a Chair is very problematic in terms of freedom of speech, as it makes the beliefs and views of this or that academic a basis for determining the allocation of academic positions. It chills academic freedom on campus because it reduces the pool of available Chairs, and signals that certain views are beyond the pale and must be policed. It defines controversy and neutrality in simplistic, conventional terms, a particularly egregious error at a research university, which exists to question the received wisdom. There is a serious issue over equality and diversity, given that School-imposed Chairs are more likely to be white, senior, and male. Above all, to depose a Chair is to signal to academic staff and to the wider world, that certain academics, thanks to their beliefs, are not competent to discharge basic academic functions. If academics cannot observe due process in the Chair, then how can they mark exams or teach subjects that are deemed ‘controversial’? Far from protecting academics, these guidelines expose them to internal and external interrogations of their beliefs and views. It is in the words of one academic, a ‘troll’s charter’. So far there is little or no evidence that a neutral Chair has ever been imposed on a pro-Israeli event, or indeed, any event that was not concerned with Palestinian rights. On the other hand, the guidelines could be used, in principle, against any academic or event. As one worried academic said to me: ‘I am German, does that mean I cannot Chair a Brexit debate?" (Chalcraft, 2018)

Unsurprisingly, both academics who were deposed as chairs by management were women of an ethnic minority background.  They were replaced by senior white male academics. The LSE female academic was of Turkish background but perceived to be unfit to chair neutrally due to her signing BDS statements. In the case of the University of Cambridge replacing a SOAS academic, her Palestinian heritage appeared to have contributed to the university’s decision, in addition to her support of BDS. 

An open letter signed by hundreds of academics criticised the decision by Cambridge University management, pointing out that much of the correspondence opposing the event and leading to the decision to replace the chair had originated in a well-known pro-Israel lobby group. The lobby group objected to the high profile panellists, including Palestinian activist Omar Barghouti and former President of the National Student Union, Malia Bouattia, the first black and Muslim woman to be in this role.

Following the campaign objecting to the university’s decision, which involved not only an open letter but also a complaint sent by my SOAS colleague herself as well as supporting letters from senior colleagues at SOAS, the University of Cambridge’s management finally issued an apology, acknowledging that there was no evidence that her chairing would not have ensured a democratic debate (Mandhai, 2018).

Knee-jerk reactions

Both the University of Cambridge and LSE appear to have made a U-turn in response to pushback from academics. With reference to the successful campaign by LSE academics to challenge managements’ initial guidelines stressing the importance of ‘the neutral Chair’, Chalcraft states: "The new Code advances academic freedom here by removing the link between competence to Chair and beliefs and views. The School can no longer replace the Chair of an Event on the basis of the Chair’s beliefs. The School has accepted, and declared itself persuaded, by our core argument that the existing local regulations chill freedom of speech. It has changed the Code accordingly."

Chalcraft stresses that collective action and concerted efforts allowed for the successful overturning of the university’s initial position and guidance. The new code, he states, is in line with ‘the new Higher Education and Research Act 2017, which establishes, among other things, e.g. at  14 (7) that staff are free to "question and test received wisdom, and . . . to put forward new ideas and controversial or unpopular opinions, without placing themselves in jeopardy of losing their jobs or privileges they may have at the provider."

Academics in the UK are struggling to retain their academic freedom against outside pressures, mainly linked to right wing Islamophobic but also extreme pro-Israel lobbies. It has become apparent that collective action within institutions, but also national and transnational lobbying, can be successful in reversing what appear to be knee-jerk reactions by university managements.

Meanwhile, the conservative government, particularly the Minister for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation, has taken it upon itself to make academic freedom central to their policy and rhetoric. However, perhaps predictably, the Minister and other conservative politicians have not been concerned about the potential impact of the Prevent Duty and right wing pressures on academics and students, but are worried about free speech being curtailed by ‘no platforming’ pressures at universities.

Twisted defence of academic freedom

In a most recent twist of the government’s mission to defend academic freedom in British universities, the former Minister of Universities Sam Gyimah, condemned students and academics at Oxford who protested when a portrait of Theresa May, the Prime Minister of the UK was added to an exhibition within the School of Geography and the Environment intended to inspire the next generation of female geographers (Weale and Elgot, 2018).

Students and staff appear to have been incensed by the lack of consultation and questioned the appropriateness of including the portrait of May. As Prime Minister of a conservative government that has been instrumental in implementing severe cuts to higher education, is promoting immigration control and a fear-mongering discourse around refugees and asylum seekers, while leading a party set on Brexit, May has become an extremely controversial figure. Yet, the Minister of Universities used the protest as another occasion to criticise ‘no platforming’ voices, agendas and movements at universities.

In 2017, his predecessor, Jo Johnson, brother of Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, threatened to hit universities who were banning homophobic or transphobic speakers with fines and sanctions. In an interview with Pink News, an LGBT+ newspaper, he stated that universities which fail to comply “could be fined, suspended or ultimately deregistered” by the newly established Office for Students (Duffy, 2017). He further claimed that these new rules are needed “to protect freedom of speech” (ibid).

Following in Johnson’s footsteps, Sam Gyimah, announced a year later that  “When there are so many different interpretations of the rules, there is the risk that legal free speech will be stifled, either by well-intentioned but jittery managers, or by ill-intentioned wreckers” (Duffy, 2018). He continued stating: “A society in which people feel they have a legitimate right to stop someone expressing their views on campus simply because they are unfashionable or unpopular is rather chilling." (ibid).

At face value, one might agree with his assessment that “there is a risk that overzealous interpretation of a dizzying variety of rules is acting as a brake on legal free speech on campus" (ibid). However, his enthusiasm for free speech is never linked to defending events that have been cancelled or subject to ‘neutral chair’ measures because of their perceived controversy in relation to Palestine/Israel. Nor does he seem to be defending Muslim students organizing prayer meetings or lecturers. Meanwhile, LGBTQ activists are concerned that the Minister’s attitude and future rulings, might enable speakers with homophobic and transphobic views to gain ground and platforms.

While gender studies as a discipline has not been under attack in the UK as it has been in Hungary and elsewhere, it is apparent that conservative and heteronormative understandings of gender and sexuality are also key to right wing discourses and policies in the UK as well. We see extreme versions of the centrality of ultra conservative gender constructions in the way the Hungarian government, similar to many governments in the Middle East, try to replace gender politics with politics that revolve around the heterosexual family.  

Hate speech

Aside from the government’s inconsistent approach to freedom of speech, there is clearly a tension between the idea of freedom of speech as an absolute right and principle and the notion of hate speech. Although I have to admit that I see these distinctions as complex and blurry. 

Personally, I worry about the growing tendency amongst students to demand safe spaces, given the grey zone between ‘hate speech’ and ‘listening to views you do not share’. In my view, an important element of education is pushing students out of their comfort zones and challenging established views. I share Joan Scott’s concerns, which emerged in the context of higher education in the US but, which are also highly relevant in the UK. Scott bemoans:

"the moralism that is apparent  in some courses and some student activism, the calls for “trigger warnings,” the insistence on the authority of their experiences by those whose minority status has silenced or marginalized them – who look to “safe spaces” as a way to gain traction in an otherwise hostile or neglectful institutional and social environment, who erupt in protests that are sometimes ill-considered violations of the rights they need to respect and protect." (Scott, 2017).

While I share her concerns and view them as problematic, they do not justify the growing call by right wing constituencies to protect their freedom of speech. And here emerges a clear paradox and contradiction: the British government is critical of new generations of students being sensitive "snowflakes" "that should face reality and toughen up"; at the same time, the very same students "must be protected from radical ideas on campus." (Perfect and Scott-Bauman, 2017).

Meanwhile, research carried out by Scoot-Bauman and her team on higher education in the UK shows that:

"the real risks to free speech come, not from the ‘snowflake generation’, but from government-originated initiatives. Specific pressure is applied to Muslim student groups and those interested in the Middle East. Our on-going research appears to show that students and staff, Muslim and non-Muslim, are already self-censoring their discussions and activities as a result." (Perfect & Scott-Bauman 2017).

Vile pressures

The complex problems and challenges we are facing in higher education in the UK and elsewhere, I would argue, force us to think about academic freedom in a more nuanced manner. Despite the blurriness, I would want to stress the difference between freedom of speech and academic freedom. Joan Scott provides a helpful distinction between freedom of speech, ‘the right to express one’s ideas, however true or false they may be’ and academic freedom ‘a protection of faculty rights based on disciplinary competence’ (Scott, 2017). In the context of US higher education, Scott further states:

"These days the Right’s reference to free speech sweeps away the guarantees of academic freedom, dismissing as so many violations of the constitution the thoughtful, critical articulation of ideas, the demonstration of proof based on rigorous examination of evidence, the distinction between true and false, between careful and sloppy work, the exercise of reasoned judgment. Their free speech means the right to one’s opinion, however unfounded, however ungrounded, and it extends to every venue, every institution. That may be why freedom is the principle invoked so forcefully on the Right these days – freedom in the sense of the absence of any restraint. From this perspective, the bad boys can say anything they want, however vile and hateful." (Scott, 2017)

The depiction of this specific situation, although clearly articulated in the context of the US, has many parallels with the growing encroachment and pressures by right wing politicians, media and think tanks in the UK. So far, the pressures in the UK have not been as ferocious and vile as in the US where the wider political divide seems to be even more extreme than in post-Brexit referendum Britain. Yet, Scott’s words above feel all too familiar.

Leaving London

As I ponder my imminent move to leave London after 24 years to take up a position in the US, I am anxious about ideologically motivated and often rather polemic attacks on universities and academics. According to US Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, all university faculty, “from adjunct professors to deans,” are guilty of brainwashing college students. In a speech given at the Conservative Political Action Conference, DeVos accused academics of tainting students with “liberal ideology” (Jaschick 2017). While in my current world ‘liberal ideology” would be a derogatory term referring to conservative capitalist ideas, in DeVos’ and that of her government’s discursive horizon, ‘liberal’ seems to signify radical unpatriotic thinking. Yet, despite the attack on universities by the Trump administration, I take comfort in the fact that so many of my colleagues in the US have been at the forefront of speaking truth to power.  

Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, which will be my new academic home, is also an excellent example to illustrate that academic freedom should not simply be equated with academic autonomy, although autonomy is, of course, a principle we have to defend. Trying to educate myself about our foremothers who fought for gender-based equality in academia, I am reminded of the struggle of Louise Lamphere, the professor who when denied tenure in the anthropology department at Brown in 1974, jointly with three other female colleagues, took the university to court. In an out of court settlement, the department was forced to reverse its decision not to grant Lamphere tenure, despite its argument that the decision was based on the department’s autonomy as a basic tenant of academic freedom (Porwancher, 2013).

The out of court settlement established that transparency and the principle of equality were more important than the principle of autonomy.

As we are joined in the struggle for academic freedom in different political and national contexts, we will have to negotiate the very principles that inform our respective conceptualizations and possibly recognise that there might be tensions and ambivalences in what we view as priorities. 

Concluding reflections

I grew up in Germany where I learnt very early on that following government orders, blind obedience and silence might actually mean complicity in crime and can lead to terrible atrocities. Very early on I learnt that it was important to develop an independent moral compass and to follow ethical principles rooted in the respect for human dignity rather than the rules of an authoritarian regime.

So I was very happy and moved to see that over a thousand Turkish academics were courageous enough to sign a petition in January 2016 in order to distance themselves from the atrocities and crimes against the Kurdish population, particularly in south-eastern Turkey. Since then, academics in Turkey have paid a very high price for speaking out, and for daring to challenge the authoritarian regime.

All over the world, it has been the role of intellectuals, educators and researchers to speak truth to power and not to be silent when injustice happens. Academic freedom has been integral to the development of the social sciences and the humanities historically and globally. Whenever academic freedom has been under threat, we know that a country is in big trouble: the attack on academic freedom has previously meant that a regime is failing to convince its thinkers with rational arguments as it needs to use coercive measures to maintain control.

I knew this not only from my history teachers and readings about Nazi Germany, but while growing up and becoming educated in a relatively free environment, I became acutely aware of the severe restrictions on both freedom of speech and academic freedom posed on researchers, teachers, writers and intellectuals in Iraq during the Ba‘th regime.

During my graduate studies in Cairo in the 90s, I also learnt, for the first time, about the complicity of a university management that has given in to external pressures and calls for censorship instead of defending the academic freedom of their staff and students. This became apparent when a colleague and friend of mine was forced to change his reading list at the American University in Cairo after a student, whose father had an important position in the military, complained about the content of some readings being un-Islamic. Instead of defending my friend’s choice of readings, the university management caved in and asked him to change the reading list while withdrawing copies of the book from the library.

Historically, a regime lost legitimacy, respect and credibility, not only in the eyes of its own critical and thoughtful population, but also in the eyes of the global critical mass of people believing in democracy, justice and human rights. These days, however, the rules of engagement appear to have changed drastically. Across the globe, rationality and logic, however broad the political spectrum they were on previously, are being challenged by populism, fake news and so-called alternative facts. In this new age where social media insidiously threatens to eradicate our freedom of mind, and where polarised positions are fostered in ghettoised ideological bubbles, the principle of academic freedom is contested and manipulated to different political ends.

All of a sudden, the political right is not only cracking down on academic freedoms in different contexts, but has started simultaneously to become a fierce advocate of freedom of speech, thereby not only engaging in aggressive anti-intellectualism but also giving space and platforms to ideas and practices that are counter to principles of equality and justice.

References

Black, Richard (2017) ‘Extreme Speakers and Events: In the 2016 2017 Academic Year’,

Chalcraft, John (2018) ‘On ‘Neutral’ Chairs’, in BRICUP Newsletter 119, March 2018. 

Duffy, Nick (2017) Universities must allow anti-transgender speakers, in Pink News, 19 October 2017.

Higher Education and Research Act 2017.

Jaschick, Scott. 2017. “DeVos vs. the Faculty.” Inside Higher Education, February 24.

Letter by LSE Academics (2018) 20 February 2018

Mandhai Shafik (2018) 'Cambridge apologises for blocking Palestinian from chairing talk’, Al Jazeera News, 6 March 2018.

Perfect, Simon and Allison Scott-Bauman (2017) ‘An anatomy of judgement: how do snowflakes think?’,

Porwancher, Andrew (2013) Prying the gates wide open: academic freedom and gender equality at Brown University, 1974–1977, Paedagogica Historica, 49:2, 273-292.

Scott, Joan (2017) “On Free Speech and Academic Freedom’, in Journal of Academic Freedom, Vol. 8, 2017.

Scott-Baumann, Allison and Hugh Tomlinson (2017) “Cultural Cold Wars: The risk of anti-‘extremism’ policy for academic freedom of expression’, Inform’s Blog: The International Forum for Responsible Media Blog.

UCU (2015) ‘The prevent duty guidance for branches’. December 2015.

Weale, Sally and Jessica Elgot (2018) ‘Hung, withdrawn, and re-quartered: May portrait in Oxford row’, in The Guardian, 8 May 2018

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          The stories fascist Europe tells itself, and how to correct them      Cache   Translate Page      

What can the UK learn from those fighting the far right across Europe? Take history seriously

Memorial to "the victims of the Nazis", Budapest.

Fascists are obsessed with history. Their ideology is less a doctrine about the economy or the future and more a story about identity and the past. It is harvested from half-truths about great victories and cruel injustices, spun into national myths about superiority and struggle, and applied as a bandage to wounded egos in times of trouble. Fascism is a story learnt in childhood, and the fight against fascism is a battle for truth about the past.

In Hungary, the front line in that argument was, for a moment, led by Kálmán Sütö, the homeless former truck driver who sells the country’s street magazine outside the gold-plated national parliament. When Viktor Orbán’s government erected a monument to “the victims of the Nazis” not far from Kálmán’s patch, he made a placard: “Horthy was the biggest Nazi of them all!”, and signed it “Kálmán the historian”. The iconography of the memorial implies that Hungary as a whole was the victim, deflecting from the historical reality that under Miclós Horthy, the country was fascist in its own right.

For Orbán, rewriting the national story of the second world war to make the Hungarian state the victim of Nazi aggression rather than a murderer of Jews, Roma, LGBTIQ people, disabled people, communists and trade unionists allows his regime to ignore the true lessons of history, and once more to draw boundaries around who counts as ‘us’, once more to promote hatred of those very same groups.

The protests against this rewriting of history became so big that Orbán was, Sütö told me, afraid. Hungary’s post-modern dictator erected a barrier around his monument to a false past, and our homeless historian was eventually arrested for decorating this fence with a more accurate account of what happened 75 years ago. At the police station, he told me with a smile, he insisted that the officers write on his papers the full list of his specific objections.

It’s not just warped stories about the second world war which scar Hungarian history. The treaty of Trianon, signed in 1920, confirmed peace between Hungary and the allied powers of the 1914-18 war. It was part of the end of the Austro-Hungarian empire and, as far as Hungarians are concerned, they lost two-thirds of their country (the peoples who gained independence as a result have a somewhat different narrative).

Olivio Kocsis-Cake is the country’s first black MP and the leader of Dialogue for Hungary, a member of the European Green Party. He told me that a huge portion of Orbán’s rhetoric is focussed on history, and on the injustice of Trianon in particular. As he was in full flow, in English, his aide quickly intervened in Hungarian, telling him to clarify that the treaty was indeed unjust – which he duly did. Even Hungary’s Green Party doesn’t dare suggest support for a century-old treaty that gave some self-determination to Slovaks, Croats and Romanians.

I got a liftshare (along with my Hungarian friend) to Miskolc in the north-east of the country. The man who took us, an off-duty police officer, spent the whole journey talking about the Roma people in the city. The government, he said, had promised to clear them from their homes in “the numbered streets”. But he thought they were only saying it to get votes, and wouldn’t really act. Roma people, he believed, were all criminals. He talked about children growing up with mothers with “three lovers”. He didn’t talk with hatred, but with the banal practicality of a technician, saying that it’s important to understand that they had been raised this way. The ultimate solution would be to take the children away, and force them to be raised in boarding schools.

József Csendes, a local Roma sociologist and activist, said, unprompted, that he was worried the government would take their children away: “We don’t want to suffer the same fate as the native Americans,” he said, though he later downplayed the likelihood of this happening. Roma children in a school common room got me dancing to YouTube videos of what they called “gypsy music” (the term is contested, but they embraced it) and told me how they are forced to get on trams at the front so that their tickets can be checked, while everyone else gets on where they please. A couple of them, whose families are over the border in Slovakia, showed me a video containing evidence of Slovak riot police attacking their village and beating up its Roma residents.

Orbán – described by many of the people I spoke to as a dictator – has ramped up rhetoric against immigrants in recent years. But in a country with almost no immigration, the real meaning is clear. Just as his attacks on George Soros are coded anti-semitism, “migrants” really means “Roma”.

Austrian victimhood

"Kill the Jew" board game.

In Vienna I got a preview of a new museum that aims to tell Austrians a more accurate version of history than the one they have been taught. The country has long liked to tell itself that it was the first victim of the Nazis. But the reality is that it had a fascist ruler, Englebert Dollfuss, before Hitler deposed him, and, as photos displayed in the new museum show, the Fuhrer was greeted by huge “Sieg Heil”-ing crowds in Vienna when he arrived. Austrian women stitched swastika flags, and children played a board game called ‘kill the Jew’.). A huge Trojan horse at the centre of the exhibition is used to argue that the lie that Nazism was entirely imposed on the country allowed Austrian Nazis off the hook – to the extent that second-world-war fascists held government positions in Austria for four decades after the war.

Today, with Austria governed by a coalition between the conservative People’s Party and the far-right Freedom Party, this battle over the past has become urgent. The Freedom Party was founded by (‘ex’) Nazis in the 1950s, and its members wore blue cornflowers until a month before the elections late last year: in the 1930s, the cornflower was worn by Austrian Nazis so they could recognise each other, though the anti-immigrant party founded by Nazis likes to pretend the connection is just a coincidence.

At the weekly protest against the ruling parties, though, people talked more about the present and the future. An ecologist at the local university described how a clamp-down on NGOs risks lakes and rivers. A young black man talked about the impact on refugees. A teacher talked about her fear of cuts to public spending. A disabled man talked about the assault on the rights of the disabled. A group of trans protesters talked about the attack on their rights. And one of the organisers talked about how the misogyny of the far right, how they are trying to push women back into the home, and how the resistance is feminist.

Italian memories and France’s ‘golden age’

The squatted stables, Turin.

In Turin, I went to the former stables of the Italian royal family, now squatted, where a leading lawyer was talking about the new government’s proposed anti-migrant laws to a lecture theatre full of attentive students. As fire jugglers lit the courtyard outside orange, I spoke to a young artist who had taken a break from the talk because the stories being told were too horrifying. When I asked about the far-right Lega getting into government, she too began by talking about people’s view of history. In Italy, she believes, fascism has been blamed on one man – Mussolini. Rather than try to grapple with the murky undercurrents in their own national mythology, too many people in the country are content with focussing on a long-gone man. The result, she argues, is that many younger people don’t see fascism as a real, living threat.

Later that week, at the studio of a pirate radio station, I spoke to a vineyard worker who said he’s a communist, but his parents and many of his friends are fascists. My first question was, “What do they mean when they say they are fascist?” and, again, his first answer was that it was about an understanding of the past, a view of history and how that shapes your understanding of your culture.

In a week in Italy, more than one person talked about the sudden mushrooming of racism against black people, how people they hadn’t previously thought of as bigots had started using the Italian equivalent of the “N” word. A young barman in a village in the Alps (where everyone I saw was white) described how “older people hate black people” and how, watching the TV coverage of migrants arriving from North Africa, “people became racist”.

In Turin, while the refugee detention centre was covered in anti-racist slogans, this grafito showed a different view.

"Roma = ovens" - grafitti in Turin

In Paris, political organiser Maïder Piola-Urtizberea talked about Marine Le Pen’s obsession with France’s ‘golden age’ – an era that, she says, is never quite defined. And, as in Italy, Austria and Hungary, the second world war has played a major part in the political story of the French far right. Le Pen’s father and predecessor as party leader was a convicted Holocaust denier and, during the 2017 election, she and Emmanuel Macron fought a bitter battle over France’s responsibility for the arrest and deportation to death camps of 13,000 Parisian Jews during the war.

The fight back for history

During that election, Macron went to Algeria and demanded that the French state apologise for what he later called “crimes against humanity” committed when the country was a colony run from Paris: a history which has re-emerged as debates about migration surface once more.

In Turin, there is a museum dedicated to the resistance against fascism. It is a collection of video testimonials that recount the experiences of people during the war: mostly partisans or people who were against the war, but also a man who had been a teenage supporter of Mussolini. It would be hard to leave with the reassuring belief that Mussolini was Italy’s lone fascist.

In Hungary, in the face of the most repressive government in the EU, people have protested against the warping of history. Like Italy, Austria now has a museum dedicated to telling the less savoury stories from the countries’ pasts.

But I wasn’t travelling around Europe to see the sights and gawp at their problems. I was there to study how Britain should respond to the rise of the far right here. And what was perhaps most striking is that, although no British government has imposed fascism at home, imperial revisionism and nationalist nonsense permeate almost all of our official historical institutions: not because they lie, but because of the truths they don’t tell.

This is the case with school text books and TV histories. But it’s worth for a moment just thinking about our curatorial failure. Although Liverpool does host a museum of slavery, where is the collection which tells British people about the genocide British colonisers completed in Tasmania? Where can you go to find out about the Irish famine, the Bengal famine, the plundering of Persia, the castration of the Mau Mau, the looting of India? The first opium war? Or the second? Where can you learn about the brutal conquests in Africa? The torture in Yemen? The violence in Cyprus? The invasion of New Zealand? The treatment by the British of First Nation Canadians?

These are the stories of how Britain got rich, how we became who we are. And yet they are almost entirely undocumented in Britain’s vast array of galleries, museums and public collections. Go to the Imperial War Museum and there’s barely a whisper about any of the imperial wars, just endless artefacts from the second world war, the one moment Britain can lay claim to having been the good guy. Go to the British Museum and you’ll see a parade of plunder, displayed with pride, as though it wasn’t looted by vandals. Go round any of our major cities, and you’ll find it pock-marked with statues of imperial thugs.

Contemporary British history is a story about how this archipelago emerges from the shadow of empire. As with Hungary, and Italy, and Austria, and France, whether we escape into the light will be shaped by how we understand what brought us here. Fascism is a view of history. The fight against fascism is a fight over the past, and it’s time for Britain to start telling the whole truth.

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          The Daily Nationalist: A Father’s Worst Nightmare – DN 120318      Cache   Translate Page      
dn 120318
The young boy whose mother wishes him to be chemically castrated at age 8

Sven Longshanks looks at hypocrisy in Britain and the BBC over free speech and the horrific plight of a father in America who’s son is being forced to pretend he is a girl.

Hungary is finally shutting down the George Soros university that is responsible for subverting the country with cultural marxism and Britain and the BBC are claiming that this is an infringement of free speech! Yes, the very people who locked Jez Turner up for pointing out the activities of Britain’s organised Jewish community over the last 200 years are pretending to be supporters of free speech. Apparently Britain’s ministers even held a free speech summit earlier this year, where they claimed that at the heart of every university is a ‘relentless and rigorous search for truth’. Do they even know what the truth is any more?

The biological truth is that there are two genders, male and female and if adults wish to pretend to be another gender, that is their business and they clearly have a mental disorder. Forcing the rest of us to go along with the delusion is a crime against truth, but even worse than that is forcing children to take experimental drugs to change their body shape in order to go along with this delusion. A poor father has had his boy taken from him and is being forced to pay for the child to have gender reassignment treatment, before then having surgery. But the boy identifies as a boy and is happy being a boy when he is with his father. The mother is a crazed liberal who is projecting her own wish for a girl onto the child and the father is being forced by law to go along with it.

You can do what you can to help the father and his son here.

Sign this petition to prevent the UN compact for invasion

Presented by Sven Longshanks


The Daily Nationalist: A Father’s Worst Nightmare – DN 120318




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          #HUNGARY: A Dal 2019 participants revealed      Cache   Translate Page      
#HUNGARY: A Dal 2019 participants revealed Hungary seems to have found a good way to pick a Eurovision song of late. They’ve made the Grand Final at the last eight contests, and since 2012 has used the A Dal format. In 2019, 30 songs will compete in three […]
          UN promotes global migration      Cache   Translate Page      
Progressive countries like Germany, France and Canada support the treaty while the US, Russia and China reject it. LIST OF 18 Countries have said 'No' to #UN #MigrationCompact United States Hungary Austria Bulgaria Poland Israel Estonia Czech Republic Croatia Slovenia Slovakia Russia China Korea Japan Belgium Denmark Italy
          0H744 Kalocsai mintás porcelán fűszertartó készlet - Jelenlegi ára: 35 000 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Magyaros mintázatú hibátlan állapotú, jelzett fedeles, feliratos porcelán fűszertartó, tároló.
Oldalán kalocsai minta és feliratok:
- KÁVÉ
- TEA
- CUKOR
- SÓ
- LISZT
- RIZS
Alján kék márkajelzés:
KALOCSA HUNGARY HANDPAINTED
Szélesség: 9. 5 cmMagasság: 19 cmSúly: 3. 025 kg
Termékeim között több kalocsai porcelán található, kérem tekintse meg őket ide kattintva! Termékeim között több fűszertartó található, kérem tekintse meg őket ide kattintva!
A termékről további nagy felbontású képek!
ÁRUIM ZÖME ANTIK ÉS RÉGI TÁRGYAKBÓL ÁLL.
SZEMÉLYES ÁTVÉTELI LEHETŐSÉG BUDAPESTEN (IX. ) ILLETVE SZEGEDEN!
 
Szállítás
Termékeinket az MPL futárszolgálattal küldjük! Terjedelmes tárgyaink szállításában külön díjazás mellett tudunk segíteni! Szállítási módok az alábbiak szerint alakulnak
 
Személyes átvétel Budapest IX.
 
 
Személyes átvétel Szeged
 
 
MPL csomag előre utalással
 
 
MPL csomag utánvét
 
 
Fizetés
A vételár és szállítási költség kiegyenlítésére az alábbi lehetőségeket biztosítjuk
 
Személyes átvételkor készpénzben
 
 
Banki átutalás
 
 
Utánvét
 
 
Paypal (MasterCard, Visa)
 
 
Szállítási, átvételi idő
A termék vásárlását követően a szállítási, kézhez vételi idő az alábbiak szerint alakul belföldön
 
Személyes átvétel
1-5 munkanap
 
 
MPL csomag előre utalással
2-3 munkanap
 
 
MPL csomag utánvét
1-3 munkanap
 
( fűszer tartó fűszeres matyó kalocsai kalocsa matyós matyómintás matyó mintás )
0H744 Kalocsai mintás porcelán fűszertartó készlet
Jelenlegi ára: 35 000 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-05 07:41
          Game Master (Escape Room) - Lazarus Invest Hungary Kft - Austria, zagranica      Cache   Translate Page      
Seriously, it's the kind of job you love to go to every day, and you're amazed you actually get paid to do it! Game Master (Escape Room)....
Od jobs.pl - Sun, 02 Dec 2018 15:28:42 GMT - Pokaż wszystkie Austria, zagranica oferty pracy
          : Showery eastern Mediterranean - Unsettled northern Europe, 12 05 - 05:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Cool and showery eastern Mediterranean, unsettled northern Europe Wednesday Fair for most of Portugal and Spain on Wednesday. Plenty of sunshine but some morning mist and fog patches too. Fine for the Balearics, Corsica and Sardinia with lots of sunshine and dry weather too. Remaining dry in Italy although foggy at first, especially in the north. Cool in Greece with sunny spells, some wintry showers in Turkey. Rain and wind in central and northern France, fair to the south with sunny spells. More rain and cloud in the Low Countries and much of Germany, but mild. Poland should be dry with sunny spells. Dry in Austria and Hungary as well as Switzerland. Increasing cloud bringing wind and rain in the afternoon to Denmark. Rain in southern Sweden but dry for most of the country. The Baltic States will be fair, although soe snow later. Breezy with snow in Finland. air in southern Norway but snow in central and northern areas.

Thursday Another fine day in Iberia with plenty of sunshine and dry weather, although there could be some fog early in the morning in sheltered areas. Staying fair in the balearics, Corsica and Sardinia as well as Italy. Fair for Greece with lots of sunshine. Chilly and breezy in Greece with some showers in the eastern mediterranean and eastern Turkey. Cloud and patchy rain in the far north of France. Cloud and rain in the Low Countries and northern germany as well as much of Poland. Windy in these areas too. The south of France will be brighter with sunny spells. Some broken cloud in Switzerland with showers. Mainly dry in Austria with cloud and patchy rain in Hungary. Cloud and outbreaks of rain in Denmark. Breezy with cloud and some patchy rain in the baltic States. Breezy and rather cloud in Finland although windy with snow in the north. Cloud and rain affecting southern Norway, with some snow showers to the north.


          Grand Hotel Arany Bika Nagyszálló kulacs alakú - Jelenlegi ára: 499 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Régi, retro Grand Hotel Arany Bika Debrecen bőröndmatrica
megkímélt állapot, gyűjtői példány
vintage luggage label, Debrecen, Hungary

Grand Hotel Arany Bika Nagyszálló kulacs alakú
Jelenlegi ára: 499 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-16 10:05
          ABA SÁMUEL Éh-3 EMLÉKDENÁR! CERTIVEL! - Jelenlegi ára: 179 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
                          Referencia:          Tartásfok:             Tömeg:  
                                              Ritkaság:  
                                          Tisztelt Gyűjtőtársak!
                   A Numizmatika-Coinshungary üdvözli online aukcióján!
                             Minden értékesített darab eredetiségére, pénzvisszafízetési garanci van!
                                                       Minden egyes tétel számlával értékesítünk!
Sikeres vásárlás esetén, a vevő 3 napon belül jelentkezzen a megnyert tételért, további egyeztetés céljából!
A postaköltséggel növelt vételárat 10 naptári napon belül kérem rendezni!
Postázás:
Ajánlott elsőbbségi postakész borítékban 500 Ft  (értékbíztosítást nem tartalmaz)
Ajánlott elsőbbségi buborékos bortékban 600Ft  (értékbíztosítást nem tartalmaz)
Futárszolgálatta 1150 Ft (150Ez Ft értékbíztosítva! )
Személyes átvétel lehetséges az álltalam megjelőlt helyszíneken!
                                                            Posta dijaktól nem térek el!
Sikeres vásárlás esetén kap egy értesítő emailt mely tartalmazza a céges számlaszámot(Raiffeisen).
Utalás bármely bankból költségmentes!
Más banki pénztári befizetésnél+300 Ft számolunk fel!
Banki utalásásnál, a közlemény rovatban, a felhasználó nevét kérem feltüntetni!
                        Minden esetben a postázásí címet kérem megírni!
                      Szerencsés licitálást, és eredményes gyűtést kívánok!
                               Kérem tekintse meg további termékeimet!
                                           Külföldre nem postázok!

ABA SÁMUEL Éh-3 EMLÉKDENÁR! CERTIVEL!
Jelenlegi ára: 179 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-05 19:37
          Laszlo Borhi, “Dealing with Dictators: The United States, Hungary, and East Central Europe 1942-1989” (Indiana UP, 2016)      Cache   Translate Page      
How does a political regime function? What contributes to a regime’s longevity and its subversion? Laszlo Borhi’s Dealing with Dictators: The United States, Hungary, and East Central Europe 1942-1989 (Indiana University Press, 2016) invites readers to consider the complex nature of regimes. The focus of Dealing with Dictators is Hungary,...
          LADA Samara gyári kezelési útmutató 1993. - MAGYAR! - Jelenlegi ára: 1 990 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Hibátlan szép állapotban, rajzokkal, kapcsolási rajzzal, stb.
NINCS REJTETT MINIMÁLÁR, mindenki bátran licitáljon!!!
Kérem, tekintse meg a többi aukciómat is, egyszeri postázási költséggel több mindent vásárolhat. Köszönöm.
Az aukciót kérésre idő előtt is lezárom, ha legalább egy hét eltelt az indulás óta.
Feltételek: UTÁNVÉTTEL NEM POSTÁZOK, személyes átvétel csak egyedi, még licit előtt megbeszélt esetekben lehetséges. Preferált fizetési mód a banki átutalás, mindenkinek ez a legelőnyösebb. Ha az utalás problémát okoz, helyette postai rózsaszín csekken is fel lehet adni a pénzt. Amennyiben a kapcsolatfelvétel a vevő hibájából tíz napon belül nem történik meg, eladó automatikusan a következő szankciókat alkalmazza: az aukció érvénytelenítése és az áru újralistázása, a vevő Vatera tiltólistára helyezése és negatív minősítése. A termékeket kizárólag a nyerő licitben feltüntetett értéken lehet átvenni, utólagos alku nem lehetséges, ezért fontos, hogy mindig alaposan olvassa el a szöveget és nézze meg a képeket, tegye fel kérdéseit és mindezek alapján döntsön! Mindig ép és funkciójának megfelelő árut kínálok, ezen túlmenő garanciát nem vállalok, hacsak a leírásban ez nincs feltüntetve. A színek a valóságban némileg eltérhetnek a fotókon láthatóaktól. Szállítási információk az I+ oldalamon. Magán aukció, a vételár és a postaköltség visszatérítésére nincs mód. Kérem, ha a fenti vásárlási feltételeket nem tudja elfogadni, ne licitáljon! Elnézést kérek a becsületes Vaterásoktól a fenti "agyonszabályozásért" de sajnos szükség van rá az utóbbi időben elszaporodott átverések miatt. Figyelmét és érdeklődését nagyon köszönöm.
INTERNATIONAL BIDDERS ARE WELCOME!!!
If you live outside of Hungary, just send me a pm with your questions or ask for international registered postage cost to your country. I will answer your question as soon as possible. I post the package inmediately after received the payment. Payment can be made with bank transfer or by PayPal. Thank you for looking and happy bidding.
LADA Samara gyári kezelési útmutató 1993. - MAGYAR!
Jelenlegi ára: 1 990 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-09 11:41
          Comment on Thousands march in Buenos Aires against G20 ‘imperialist leaders’ by Carlyle MacDuff      Cache   Translate Page      
If NIck being in favour of freedom and liberty coupled with a believe that capitalism is preferable to totalitarian dictatorship of the political extremes is in your sight "bizarre", so be it! The very fact that I am opposed to fascist dictatorship as well as Communist dictatorship ought to signal to you that I am well aware of far-right nationalism. I detested Mussolini, Franco and Pinochet. Yes, there are white rascist views being expressed in Hungary and yes the fascist extremists are dangerous, but they are a long way from becoming dictatorships like those currently held by repressive communism. The far-right is as you know, on the retreat in France where is reared its ugly head. It would appear that Farage is a spent power in the UK but where there is the threat of Jeremy Corbyn seeking to emulate his hero Hugo Chavez and destroy the UK economy.
          Two Busty Bombshells      Cache   Translate Page      
Two Busty Bombshells
Release Year: 2018
Genres: Big Tits, Natural Tits, Brunette, Tattoo, MILF, High Heels, Big Ass, Trimmed Pussy, Shaved Pussy, Titty Licking, Lesbians
Video language: English

Sheila Grant from Hungary is a brunette babe with puffy nipples. Her playmate Anastasia Lux on the other hand is a hot- black-haired milf from Portugal. The two voluptuous hotties enjoy some titty play and pussy insertion in the bedroom.

Format: mp4
Duration: 32:57
Video: 1920x1080, AVC (H.264), 7812kbps
Audio: 184kbps

Two Busty Bombshells Two Busty Bombshells
Two Busty Bombshells Two Busty Bombshells

Two Busty Bombshells
File size: 1.9 GB

Two Busty Bombshells

Two Busty Bombshells
http://svalka.ws/
          Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6      Cache   Translate Page      
Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6
Release Year: 2003
Studio: Evil Angel
Cast: A.J., Brandon Iron, Brandy, Christina Fonseca, Isa, Juliano, Mark Ashley, Mia Stone, Nacho Vidal, Ryan Conner, Sandra, Tommy
Genres: All Sex
Video language: English

Big-butt honeys bend over for prime camera time in Buttman style -- teasing, pleasing, and fucking their way into your heart! Two scenes from Hungary, one from Brazil, and one from back home

Format: mp4
Duration: 38:07
Video: 720x540, AVC (H.264), 1363kbps
Audio: 85kbps

Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6 Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6
Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6 Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6

Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6
File size: 406.6 MB

Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6

Buttman's Bend Over Babes Part 6
http://svalka.ws/
          Lagoon 440 Quentas, EUR 349.000,-      Cache   Translate Page      
Flagge: HungaryMaeLänge über alles: 13.61 mBreite: 7.70 mTiefgang max.: 1.30 mVerdrängung: 12150 kgMaschineGesamtleistung: 108 HPMaschine 1:Marke des Motors: YanmarBaujahr: 2009Motortyp: 4JH4AEMotor Typ: InnenbordmotorMotor-/Treibstoffart: DieselLiegeplatz: BackbordAntrieb Typ: Sail driveMotorleistung: 54 HPMaschine 2:Marke des Motors: YanmarBaujahr: 2009Motortyp: 4JH4AEMotor Typ: InnenbordmotorMotor-/Treibstoffart: DieselLiegeplatz: SteuerbordAntrieb Typ: Sail driveMotorleistung: 54 HPTanksAnzahl Wassertanks: (900 Liter)Anzahl Treibstofftanks: (650 Liter)KabinenAnzahl an Doppelbetten: 4Anzahl Kabinen: 4Anzahl Toiletten: 4Anzahl der Badezimmer: 4ElektronikCockpit LautsprecherKartenplotter - RaymarineLogRadioCD-Spieler - FusionKompaAutopilotUKW-FunkTV - LCDEcholotDVD-Spieler - FusionWindmeanlageBesegelungRollgenuaLattengrosegelTakelageSteuerradInnenausstattungBatterieladegerätBilgepumpe elektrischHeizung - Webasto digital systemGefrierschrankKühlschrank - x 2 inoxMikrowelleElektrisches WCWarmwasserElektrische AusstattungGenerator - Fisher PandaLandanschluDeckausstattungHydraulische Gangway - BesenzoniBeiboot - Dinghy Luna 8Cockpit TeakCockpitpolsterBadeleiterCockpittischCockpitduscheAnkerwinde elektrischVerdeckeLazy bagBimini TopAdditional Yamaha 6hp outboard engine Teak on sundeck
          News Briefs: Former hedge fund manager Tom Steyer says he is willing to run for president in 2020 in SC visit, Why Hungary forced George Soros-backed Central European University to leave the country      Cache   Translate Page      
Former hedge fund manager Tom Steyer says he is willing to run for president in 2020 in SC visit Billionaire liberal activist Tom Steyer said he will make a decision about a future 2020 presidential bid in the next few months but he already seems more than comfortable with the idea. "I a...
Article link
          RITKA Szocialista Magyarországért érdemrend 1965db összesen adományozva - korai típus - Jelenlegi ára: 45 900 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Külföldre nem postázok!
SHIPMENT ONLY TO HUNGARY!
Licitálás előtt kérlek, olvasd el a vásárlási feltételeket, ami a tétel leírása után olvasható!
A tétel leírása:
- Nézd meg a képet(ket), ami(k) mindig a meghirdetett termékről készül(nek) közvetlen a hirdetés feladása előtt. Számla van! -
Vásárlási feltételek:
  Kérem, csak az licitáljon, aki komolyan gondolja és ki is fizeti, feleslegesen ne adjunk egymásnak negatívokat!
Postázás: Kizárólag ajánlott, melynek költsége 600-Ft ez néha több néha kevesebb, az egyszerűbb számolás miatt mindenkinek ennyi. Nagyobb súlyú tétel vagy több darab (tétel) esetén postacsomagként 1700_Ft!
Több tétel vásárlása esetén természetesen csak EGY postaköltséget kérek.
A Magyar Posta hibájából történő elvesztés esetén,  nem vállalok felelősséget.
-          Kérem a kedves nyertest, hogy 3 napon belül vegye fel velem a kapcsolatot (email-ben)!
-          Csak és kizárólag banki utalást fogadok el, vagy személyes átvételt előre egyeztetett időpontban és helyen!
-          Fizetés 7 napon belül, utána újraindítom és negatívot adok!
-          A postázás kizárólag szombaton vagy hétfőn történik, kérem ezt mindenki vegye figyelembe!
-          50. 000_Ft feletti vásárlás esetén a posta ingyenes, egyéb esetben a posta díja adott, nem alku tárgya! Aki nem ért ezzel egyet, kérem ne licitáljon!
Ha több mindenre licitáltál, össze tudjuk várni, de kérlek, ezt jelezd felém!
Ne feled el beállítani az „ Új kedvenc (megfigyelt) eladó rögzítése” így nem maradsz le az új aukcióimról!
 A Vatera. hu oldalra feltett tételeimet nem adom el licit közben vaterán kívül, és aukciót nem zárok le a határidő letelte előtt, és licitet nem törlök, ezért kérlek, erre ne is kérjetek!
Kérdésre szívesen válaszolok!
 Személyes átvétel Oroszlányon, de előtte kérlek, jelezd telefonon vagy emailben (a telefon csak személyes átvétel esetén érvényes egyébként csak is kizárólag emailben vedd fel a kapcsolatot)!
KÉRLEK LÉGY KÖRÜLTEKINTŐ LICITÁLÁS ELŐTT
Köszönöm a megértést!
Sikeres licitálást kívánok!
Neodrake

RITKA Szocialista Magyarországért érdemrend 1965db összesen adományozva - korai típus
Jelenlegi ára: 45 900 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-18 20:17
          2 db sorkövető 1946 évi 100 000 milpengős Ropogós papír - Jelenlegi ára: 750 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
A képen látható darab(tétel) képezi az eladás tárgyát.
FIGYELEM!! KÜLFÖDRE NEM POSTÁZOK!   SHIPMENT ONLY TO HUNGARY!!
  A Vatera. hu oldalra feltöltött termékeimet NEM ADOM EL LICIT KÖZBEN, a Vaterán kívül, kérem Önöket, hogy ez ügyben ne is keressenek!!!  
A vevőnek a leütést követő 3 MUNKA napon belül jelentkeznie kell email-ben a megvásárolt tételért.
Fizetési határidő az elkelés napjától számított 10. naptári nap.  
FIGYELEM, 14 napon túli kifizetetlen tétel esetén automatikusan negatív értékelést küldök!!  
A kapcsolatfelvétel alkalmával kérem, közölje teljes nevét, postai címét és a vaterás felhasználónevét is!
Ezek hiányában postai feladást nem áll módomban teljesíteni.
Postázás: kizárólag ajánlott elsőbbségi levélként , amelynek költsége 500-Ft , EZ AZONBAN ÉRTÉKBIZTOSÍTÁST NEM TARTALMAZ! Eltünése esetén sem a posta sem pedig én anyagi felelősséget nem vállal!!
Nagyobb súlyú értékű vagy  terjedelmű darabok esetén az utalás előtt kérem emailben egyeztessen a postaköltségről velem! TŐBB TÉTEL ÖSSZE VÁRHATÓ EZ NEM PROBLÉMA CSAK EGYEZTESEN VELEM
Több tételt vásárlóktól  természetesen csak EGY postaköltséget kérek 20 db-ig.  
Az eladásra felkínált tételek a kikiáltási ár alatt nem kerülnek értékesítésre.
Minden esetben az eladásra kerülő darab vagy tétel(LOT)  megnevezésén túl, annak tartásfokát is közlöm. A lot-ban(TÉTELBEN) értékesített tételek esetén a tartásfok az összes darab tartásfokának átlaga!!
Az alkalmazott jelölések a következők: SZ (szép, még elfogadható állapot)
                                                         NSZ (nagyon szép, közepes állapotban lévő darab)
                                                          KIV (kiváló)
                                                          AUNC ( forgalomban nem volt, rendkívül apró hibával rendelkezik) 
                                                            UNC (forgalomban nem volt, hibátlan)
                                                            BU (selyemfényű),
                                                            PP (tükörveret).
BU és PP  daraboknál amennyiben nincs feltüntetve hiba, pl: mikrokarc, patina, peremhiba(ph)akkor a darabok makulátlanul tökéletes állapotúak.
A jelölések mellett esetlegesen alkalmazott + és ? jelek az adott tartásfok felső és alsó határához közeli értéket jelentenek.
Szerencsés licitálást kívánunk!
Kérem tekintse  meg a többi  termékemet is!!
2 db sorkövető 1946 évi 100 000 milpengős Ropogós papír
Jelenlegi ára: 750 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-16 19:40
          Viacom Launches Paramount+ SVOD Service in Hungary; Include Nickelodeon and Nick Jr. Programming      Cache   Translate Page      
Viacom International Media Networks (VIMN) has launched Paramount+ in Hungary, marking the SVOD service’s second release in the region following its recent rollout in Poland.


Paramount+ is now available as a standalone offer on Magyar Telekom’s Moziklub video-on-demand (VOD) platform. It is available to customers through the telco’s set-top boxes, as well as its OTT subscription VOD platform and app TV GO.

Viewers will be able to access a range of content through the Paramount-branded service, including films like Transformers, Forrest Gump and Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, and will offer access to the video libraries of Nickelodeon, Nick Jr., MTV Magyarország, Comedy Central and Spike, featuring programmes like SpongeBob SquarePants, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, School of Rock, Paw Patrol, Catfish, Drunk History, and Bellator.

Commenting on the Hungarian launch, Elena Balmont, Senior Vice President (SVP), interim General Manager (GM), Viacom International Media Networks (VIMN) Central and Eastern Europe and Israel, said: “We are delighted to partner with Magyar Telekom for the launch of Paramount+ in Hungary. It’s the perfect complement to our portfolio of channels, offering hundreds of hit movies and TV shows for viewers of all ages and interests. It enriches the range of premium content offered by our distribution partners, while providing flexible access to our wide range of programming content for consumers. An important extension to our linear TV business, this new SVOD service enables us to diversify our footprint and further strengthen Viacom’s market leading position in CEE.”

VIMN launched Paramount+ for the first time in the CEE region in October, debuting the service in Poland (locally titled Paramount Play) with mobile operator Play and cable TV distributor Toya. The Polish offering also offers customers access to the video libraries of Nickelodeon, Nick Jr., MTV Polska and Comedy Central. CEE is the second region to roll out the Paramount-branded entertainment offering, with a version already available in the Nordics.

The news follows Viacom launching the award-winning Nickelodeon Play VOD app in in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) in September 2018. The app debuted in Serbia, and will roll-out in more territories in the near future.

In additional Nickelodeon Europe news, Greek mobile network operator Cosmote TV has enriched its over-the-top (OTT) Cosmote TV Go service with the new package Cosmote TV Go Sports Daily Pass which offers access to 13 sports channels, including 9 Cosmote Sport channels for a whole day. At the same time, Cosmote TV Go was expanded with the new Cosmote TV Go Kids and Cosmote TV Go Greek Channels thematic packages, which are only activated in conjunction with the other service packages. Content from the Cosmote TV Go Sports Daily Pass package is available on mobile phones, tablets or laptops through Cosmote.gr and the My Cosmote application. Cosmote TV Go Kids provides access to Nickelodeon HD, Disney Channel, Disney XD, Disney Junior, Baby TV, Smile TV and the new on-demand platform of the Cartoon Network service. The Cosmote TV Go Greek Channels package provides access to national channels. Customers who choose 2 or more packages are guaranteed a discount of EUR 2.00 per month for each additional package.

Sources: TBI Vision, Broadband TV News; Additional sources: TVBEurope, C21 Media, Wikipedia.

Also, from DTV News:

Paramount+ néven új VOD-szolgáltatást indít a Viacom a Magyar Telekommal

Paramount+ néven új video-on-demand szolgáltatást indított Magyarországon a Viacom – jelentette be a Viacom International Media Networks (VIMN) hazai képviselete. A Paramount+ szolgáltatásban a Paramount Studio hollywoodi sikerfilmjei, illetve a Comedy Central, az MTV, a Spike, a Nickelodeon és a Nick Jr. tévécsatornák népszerű sorozatai lesznek korlátlanul megtekinthetőek, egy helyen. Elsőként kizárólag a Magyar Telekom MoziKlub előfizetéssel rendelkező ügyfelei érhetik el a szolgáltatást, amit nem csak a tévékészülékükön, hanem TV GO-val okostelefonon, tableten és laptopon is nézhetnek, bárhol és bármikor.

A Paramount+ VOD-szolgáltatást a Viacom tavaly indította el a skandináv országokban, majd a múlt hónapban Lengyelországban is elérhetővé tette, Paramount Play néven. Magyarország a második ország a közép-kelet-európai régióban, ahol az új szolgáltatást bevezeti a tévétársaság. A Paramount+ egy közös felületen kínálja a Viacomhoz tartozó Paramount filmstúdió sikerfilmjeit, a Comedy Central humorcsatorna sorozatait, az MTV reality műsorait, a Spike MMA küzdősport gáláit, illetve a Nickelodeon és Nick Jr. gyerekműsor-kedvenceit. A szolgáltatás folyamatosan frissülő kínálatában többek között olyan filmek és sorozatok lesznek korlátlanul megtekinthetőek, mint a Transformers, a Beverly Hills-i zsaru, a Forrest Gump, a Lara Croft: Tomb Raider – Az élet bölcsője, a Röhej, a Kamureg, a Tömény történelem vagy a SpongyaBob Kockanadrág, a Tini Nindzsa Teknőcök, a Rocksuli, vagy a Mancs őrjárat.

Harsányi Gábor, a VIMN CEEI magyarországi country managere, terjesztési és tartalommenedzsment alelnöke elmondta: „Örömünkre szolgál, hogy a Magyar Telekommal együttműködve Magyarországon is elindíthatjuk a Paramount+ szolgáltatást. A sokféle nézői érdeklődésnek és korosztálynak több száz filmet és sorozatot kínáló Paramount+ jól kiegészíti a tévécsatorna-portfoliónkat. Műsorterjesztő partnereink így tovább gazdagíthatják a prémium kínálatukat, rugalmas hozzáférést nyújtva a legváltozatosabb szórakoztató tartalmakhoz. Számunkra pedig az új VOD szolgáltatás lehetővé teszi, hogy a lineáris televíziózást kiterjesztve újabb platformokon is megjelenjünk és tovább erősítsük piacvezető szerepünket Kelet-Közép-Európában.”

###

More Nick: December 2018 on Nickelodeon Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) | Christmas | New Years | The Bureau of Magical Things | Knight Squad | Henry Danger S4 + More!
Follow NickALive! on Twitter, Tumblr, Google+, via RSS, on Instagram, and/or Facebook for the latest Nickelodeon Hungary and Nick Jr. Magyarország News and Highlights!
          Isufi-Feigenbutz headed to Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      

Yesterday in Budapest, Hungary, Felix Promotion outbid Sauerland Events for the right to promote the WBO super middleweight eliminator fight between Shefat Isufi and Vincent Feigenbutz. The fight will take…
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The post Isufi-Feigenbutz headed to Hungary appeared first on fightnews.com.


          Top Hungary university forced to shut down      Cache   Translate Page      
Critics believe is part of efforts to silence dissenting voices by closing the Central European University in Budapest.
          Debate: Soros's uni leaving Budapest: Hungary's loss?      Cache   Translate Page      
The Central European University (CEU), established by George Soros, will move a large part of its campus from Budapest to Vienna in the coming academic year. A new law prohibits the private university from awarding US diplomas. The Orbán government has also refused to sign an agreement with the State of New York that would have made it possible for the university to continue operating in the Hungarian capital.
          A disruptive element for a nationalistic regime | Index - Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      
none
          CEU a world champion in bluffing | Magyar Hírlap - Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      
none
          The Case Of Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      
educational materials
          Decimal numbers with comma fail validation in German or Turkish      Cache   Translate Page      

Hi,

I have Language option in my project with localization. 

if I use  type="number" in Turkish Or German I get this error that "Please enter a number". Number is 1,5

if I use English, I mean 1.2 in Enlish, there is no problem ?

how to fix it ? why I can not use type="number"

public decimal Price { get; set; }
<div class="form-group">
   <label asp-for="Price"></label>
   <input asp-for="Price" class="form-control" type="number"/>
   <span asp-validation-for="Price" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>

in Turkish and Germany, Decimal Symbol is comma and 

Digit grouping symbol is dot/full stop

The following examples show the decimal separator and the thousands separator in various countries.

Style Countries
1,234,567.89 Canada (English-speaking; unofficial), China, Hong Kong, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, México, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States.
1234567.89 SI style (English version), Australia, Canada (English-speaking), China, Sri Lanka, Switzerland (officially encouraged for currency numbers only[40]).
1234567,89 SI style (French version), Albania, Belgium (French), Bulgaria, Canada (French-speaking), Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Latin Europe, Norway, Peru, Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland (officially encouraged, except currency numbers[40]), Ukraine.
1,234,567·89 Ireland, Malaysia, Malta, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, United Kingdom (older, typically hand written)[41]
1.234.567,89 Argentina, Austria, Belgium (Dutch: most common), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia,[42][43] Denmark, Germany, Greece, Indonesia, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain,[44]Turkey, Vietnam.
12,34,567.89 Bangladesh, India (see Indian Numbering System).
1'234'567.89 Switzerland (computing), Liechtenstein.
1'234'567,89 Switzerland (handwriting).
1.234.567'89 Spain (handwriting).
123,4567.89 China (based on powers of 10 000—see Chinese numerals).

http://www.wikizeroo.net/index.php?q=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvRGVjaW1hbF9tYXJr


          12/5/2018: Save Our Libraries: Husband’s grief as wife killed by bum lift surgery      Cache   Translate Page      

THE husband of a teaching assistant who died after a “Brazilian bum lift” operation in Hungary has urged women not to travel abroad for the surgery. In a statement after an inquest into the death of mother-of-two Tryce Harry yesterday, her husband...
          Europe forecast: Showery eastern Mediterranean - Unsettled northern Europe, Dec 05 - 04:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Cool and showery eastern Mediterranean, unsettled northern Europe Wednesday Fair for most of Portugal and Spain on Wednesday. Plenty of sunshine but some morning mist and fog patches too. Fine for the Balearics, Corsica and Sardinia with lots of sunshine and dry weather too. Remaining dry in Italy although foggy at first, especially in the north. Cool in Greece with sunny spells, some wintry showers in Turkey. Rain and wind in central and northern France, fair to the south with sunny spells. More rain and cloud in the Low Countries and much of Germany, but mild. Poland should be dry with sunny spells. Dry in Austria and Hungary as well as Switzerland. Increasing cloud bringing wind and rain in the afternoon to Denmark. Rain in southern Sweden but dry for most of the country. The Baltic States will be fair, although soe snow later. Breezy with snow in Finland. air in southern Norway but snow in central and northern areas.

Thursday Another fine day in Iberia with plenty of sunshine and dry weather, although there could be some fog early in the morning in sheltered areas. Staying fair in the balearics, Corsica and Sardinia as well as Italy. Fair for Greece with lots of sunshine. Chilly and breezy in Greece with some showers in the eastern mediterranean and eastern Turkey. Cloud and patchy rain in the far north of France. Cloud and rain in the Low Countries and northern germany as well as much of Poland. Windy in these areas too. The south of France will be brighter with sunny spells. Some broken cloud in Switzerland with showers. Mainly dry in Austria with cloud and patchy rain in Hungary. Cloud and outbreaks of rain in Denmark. Breezy with cloud and some patchy rain in the baltic States. Breezy and rather cloud in Finland although windy with snow in the north. Cloud and rain affecting southern Norway, with some snow showers to the north.


          Regional Focus: Europe - Pt. 2      Cache   Translate Page      
Do Sociotropic Concerns Mask Ethnic Biases? Experimental Evidence on the Sources of Public Opposition to Immigration (SSRN, Nov. 2018) [text]Home Office “Too Accepting” of Dire Asylum Accommodation, Immigration Inspector Finds  (Free Movement Blog, Nov. 2018) [text]"Inter-generational Transnationalism: The Impact of Refugee Backgrounds on Second Generation," Comparative Migration Studies, 6:30 (Oct. 2018) [open access]"Italy’s New Migration Control Policy: Stemming the Flow of Migrants from Libya without Regard for Their Human Rights," Italian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 27 (2017) [Academia]The Kindertransport: Contesting Memory, Oxford, 21 Nov. 2018 [info]- Follow link for podcast.Legal Analysis: Hungary's Special Tax on Migration-Related Activities (Open Society Foundations, Nov. 2018) [text via ReliefWeb]"Refugees, not Economic Migrants: Why Do Asylum‐Seekers Register in Hungary?,"…
          Mar 18, 2019: "The use of mycorrhizal fungi in horticulture" - Jozsef Racsko at Plant Science Building, 404      Cache   Translate Page      

Jozsef Racsko

Mycorrhizal Applications, LLC

Jozsef Racsko received his Master degree in 2003 from the Univ. of Debrecen, Hungary. His dissertation focused on apple scab control strategies in environmentally friendly orchard management systems. After his Masters studies he evaluated the roles of plant hormones in apple flowering and fruit drop during his PhD studies at the Univ. Tasmania. In 2008, Jozsef took a Research Coordinator position at the Ohio State Univ. where he served as extension agent for tree fruit growers. In 2012, Jozsef joined Valent BioSciences Corp. as Product Development Manager for plant growth regulators. After the acquisition of Mycorrhizal Applications, LLC by Valent BioSciences Corp. he was relocated to Southern Oregon as Technical and Commercial Development Manager for mycorrhizal fungi.

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          Radisson Hotel Group to open a Radisson Collection property in Budapest, Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      
The Radisson Hotel Group has signed a new property to Radisson Collection, the brand reserved for the group’s most exceptional hotels worldwide, in Budapest, Hungary.

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit ftnnews.com for full links, other content and more! ]]

          EU Bans Criticism of the Invasion - Bill Still      Cache   Translate Page      

Well, if the good old European Union has its way, this channel may soon be banned in all nations of the EU except Hungary.
Because Hungary is the only nation so far among the 28 member nations of the European Union which has announced that it will not sign a new Migration agreement at an international Congress in Maraset, Morocco on Dec. 10-11th called the Global Compact on Migration.
Although the Compact calls for only voluntary compliance. It advertises itself as setting a framework for legislation for all nations that would ban – yes, make illegal – any criticism of mass migration – including by members of the press. This new EU Compact calls mass migration an international human right.
Furthermore, it would be illegal for any media group to broadcast such criticism. If they did, they could be shut down. How’s that for European freedom of the press???



[Posted at the SpookyWeather blog, December 6th, 2018.]
          [Press] Gazprom’s Gas Exports to Hungary in 2018 Exceed Last Year’s Total      Cache   Translate Page      
A working meeting between  Alexey Miller , Chairman of the Gazprom Management Committee, and Norber ...
          ‘Game Of Thrones’ Major Season 8 Spoiler Dropped By Night King Actor      Cache   Translate Page      

A white walker attends the premiere of HBO's "Game Of Thrones" season 7 at Walt Disney Concert Hall on July 12, 2017 in Los Angeles, California.

The actor who plays the terrifying Night King on Game of Thrones, Vladimir Furdik, just dropped a big spoiler about the show’s upcoming eighth and final season, according to Mashable.

Furdik was appearing at a fan convention in Hungary when he let it slip that the epic battle for the dawn, the huge battle that every GoT fan has been waiting to see, won’t be happening at the end of the season after all.

According to the Night King himself, fans will see this battle play out in the middle of the season instead.

“In the third episode of the last season, there is a battle that the creators intended to be a historic moment in television,” Furdik said. Translators were used to verify every word of the quote, which was published in Hungarian media.

Click here to continue and read more...


          5 Top Tips for a Professional Photography Portfolio      Cache   Translate Page      

The creative industry can be very difficult to break into, even at the best of times. If you’re an aspiring professional photographer you’ll likely already know that it is about a lot more than just being able to take good photographs; from business management skills and SEO knowledge, to effective marketing and account keeping too... the list goes on.

If you look at the businesses of other photographers, you’ll quickly realise that there are a lot of amazing photographers that aren’t achieving their potential and average photographers that are exceeding all expectations – and the difference (most of the time) comes down to understanding that the professional photography industry is still all about business. It’s important not to neglect the more mundane aspects of running a photography business – marketing and sales are equally as important as photographic skills and editing.

You may have a captured some of the most incredible, breathtaking images ever seen but that won’t matter if you don’t present and market them effectively, and that’s what I hope to help you with today. Here you’ll find some of my top tips for a professional photography portfolio, hopefully helping you to target the correct audience and generate leads for your business.

Top Tip #1: Cull Your Collection

You need to be your own worst critic. It isn’t always a good thing to be too critical of yourself, but certainly, when it comes down to critiquing your own images, it pays to listen to the little voice inside of you favouring one shot over another; as chances are it will be based on some truth.

If you are at all unsure of an image, whether creatively or contextually... remove it. If you think that an image is a little too soft on focus or the colour levels just aren’t quite right... remove it. If you have similar images within your portfolio... remove all but one. You get the idea.

Your portfolio doesn’t need to be endless, it is meant to be a highlight reel of your most impressive, striking and professionally-relevant images that are going to attract attention and generate business. A concise portfolio of outstanding images will always be more effective than a larger portfolio of average shots with your best work mixed in.

So far we’ve established that quality over quantity is vital when creating a professional photography portfolio; remember to select only your best images and don’t include similar photographs.

[caption id="attachment_162324" align="aligncenter" width="1280"] Local guide Younes Eid stands atop Mt Sinai, Egypt as the first morning sunlight flows golden over the surrounding mountains.[/caption]

Top Tip #2: Consider Your Audience

My second top tip for creating a professional photography portfolio is to consider your audience.

This is often simpler said than done, as most photographers are naturally of the creative persuasion and will take pleasure in building a diverse portfolio, varying in style and subject; even if only commercialising one aspect of their photography. They’ll take pleasure in sharing all of their favourite work – which can be a downfall when putting together a final collection of images.

You need to consider the clients that you want to work with most. If you’re a wedding photographer then clients aren’t going to need to see your images of cars, product photography or architecture – no matter how incredible the shots may be. Similarly, if you’re targeting automotive clients, producers or architectural firms, they won’t want to see wedding photography!

Including images within your portfolio that aren’t relevant to the clients, you’re targeting can detract from the photographs that you really want them to see. It can also make you appear like less of a specialist within their industry, which will often lead to them selecting a photographer that has a portfolio entirely dedicated to their trade.

If you are working across multiple industries then be sure to clearly label different portfolios within your website, making them all easily accessible and visible whilst ensuring that images from multiple industries are not mixed together.

[caption id="attachment_162306" align="aligncenter" width="1280"] A long exposure of the cornish coast as a setting sun falls behind the horizon and illuminates the clouds overhead.[/caption]

Top Tip #3: Presentation is Paramount

Presentation is your key to success when pitching new photography clients with your portfolio. I mentioned at the start of this article that there are photographers with the most incredible images not nearly meeting their potential; and one of the biggest reasons for this is the way in which their images are presented to clients and the general public.

We’ve already discussed that your portfolio needs to be concise, containing only the very best of your work and targeted towards your most valuable clients and industries; at the same time it needs to be easy-to-navigate and aesthetically pleasing. Ensure that the people viewing your portfolio can easily move from section-to-section and change categories, viewing images at a larger size with minimal effort. A negative user experience on your website can severely impact on whether a client chooses to work with you, and you certainly don’t want their first interaction with your brand to be a less than positive one!

It may be an unusual suggestion for the current technology-driven era, but I’m also going to recommend that you organise a printed version of your portfolio.

Having a physical copy of your work to show clients in meetings and at events can go a long way, and also provide them with a great impression of how the work that they commission you to complete will look as a finished product. This is especially effective when working within the wedding photography industry!

[caption id="attachment_162315" align="aligncenter" width="1280"] A quirky shot of an India Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos culminatus) in one of Colombo’s public parks.[/caption]

Top Tip #4: Ask a Friend

It can be easy to get too involved in your own work and lose the ability to view it impartially; in regards to individual images, projects and your portfolio as whole. My fourth top tip for a professional photography portfolio is to ask a friend.

Asking a friend or family member to give their opinion on your portfolio will offer a fresh perspective and give you a valuable opportunity to tweak your presentation, improve user experience, and get an honest view on the style of your photography overall.

This is especially effective because the majority of people you are pitching as clients will have very little knowledge technically, in regards to photography and related arts. It is very likely that the person or people you ask to give their opinion are going to be more closely aligned with your target audience, and the feedback they offer should be taken in high regard – and acting on it should massively increase your chances of success.

Remember that you should ask about all aspects of your portfolio, not just the images. You can ask for their opinion on the overall look and feel of your portfolio, the ordering of specific images or sections and even to check the tone of text and information sections.

[caption id="attachment_162342" align="aligncenter" width="1280"] A low light image of the Chain Bridge which spans the River Danube in Budapest, Hungary.[/caption]

Top Tip #5: Show Your Skills

Your portfolio will naturally show off your photographic skills (including post-processing ability) provided you’ve selected a good variety of your best photography – but your portfolio is about more than just showcasing imagery; it’s about selling yourself and your brand.

Remember that your portfolio is also an opportunity to include extra information about you and your company. Include everything from testimonials to past/present client names and equipment details. Adding these additional points throughout your portfolio will mean you’re not only demonstrating your technical ability, but also backing it up with 3rd party support to really drive home why they should be working with you.

If you are going to follow my advice and include this extra info in your portfolio (I’d highly recommend it!) then it’s best to do so in bite-size paragraphs and pull-quotes throughout, breaking up text with more example imagery. This will help to improve the overall experience for whoever may be looking through your portfolio and prevent them from getting weighed down with too much reading at one time.

[caption id="attachment_162333" align="aligncenter" width="1280"] An early morning view through the endless gates of Fushimi Inari in Japan.[/caption]

 

Ensuring that you have a concise, high impact and memorable portfolio that both starts strong and ends strong is one of the most effective ways of promoting your photography and securing new business. Remember that your portfolio is often all that stands between you and the competition – following these simple tips and dedicating time to perfect your professional photography portfolio is well worth the effort.

 

To view my portfolio please visit www.aaronnorthcott.com or use the following links to join me on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram:
www.facebook.com/aaronnorthcottphotography
www.twitter.com/aaronnorthcott
www.instagram.com/aaron.northcott

 

The post 5 Top Tips for a Professional Photography Portfolio appeared first on Manfrotto School Of Xcellence.


          Session: Here I Stand (500th Anniversary Reprint Edition):: Guderian on Piracy Strategy - Nicht Kleckern sondern Klotzen! (Boot'em, don't spatter'em!)      Cache   Translate Page      

by Ahasver

AAR Ottoman 2018

Turn 1
all 3 cards I drew are Threes, with no event to either use for myself or to trade.
SD Suleiman and Ibrahim with 7 regulars and 1 cav to Nezh.
1st Impulse:
Spent 3 CP to build 2 cavs in Nezh and move the entire stack to Belgrade.
2nd Impulse:
Spent 1 CP to assault with 7 Regs (=4 dice) 3 Cavs (no dice) + Suleiman for a total of 6 dice against 2 dice (one reg + defender bonus). Result: Belgrade captured; no loss. For the other 2 CP I move a Cav to Szegedin to flag that space. Gain 2 VP plus an additional card draw next turn!.
However....Hapsburg now plays John Zapolya, adding 3 Hungarian Regs to Buda (while the card says 'four” there are only 3 left in the counter mix). Oops! Conquering Buda just got way more difficult as I would have to wage a field battle with my 10 units (+ 2 for Suleiman) against 8 Hungarians or, 12 dice vs. 8. Not a great ratio if you don't have a battle card. Of course, I could play my home card to gain 5 extra dice which would translate into – statistically – 5 hits. Given the special rules for Hungary that would just suffice to force a surrender thus giving me 2 VP for Buda plus 2 war winner VP....
3rd Impulse:
I decide to play it safe and build 1 Reg and 1 Cav in Istanbul instead
4th Impulse
With my home card I build 4 Regs in Istanbul to SD to Szegedin next turn while maintaining a full garrison in Belgrade. That concludes my turn.
Hapsburg takes the decision from me by playing War in Persia so I have to remove 5 units from anywhere on the board and put them on this card. I move 4 Regs and 1 Cav plus Suleiman (because he adds 2 dice for a total of 7 – not too promising against the 4 Persians. Desperately needed next turn: battle cards). It also will cost me 1 card draw so I am back to 3 cards, only.

Turn 2
Drawing only 3 cards (2;3;4) . SD to Belgrade
1st Impulse
Playing 4 CP: 1 to attack the Persians scoring 2 hits and suffering 1 myself. Build 1 Cav on that war card to get back to full strength (5). Use 2 CP to move a Cav to Mohacs and flag it.
2nd Impulse:
Play 3 CP; 2 to build a Reg in Istanbul and 1 to attack Persians eliminating them (losing the Cav). This gives me 1 war winner VP for my suffering and the. survivors plus Suleiman return to Istanbul.

Kaboom! Pope now plays Knights of St. John on me and steals my last card ! (fortunately only a 2 but I wanted to use that to flag Agram)
3rd Impulse
With my home card I build 4 Regs in Istanbul concluding my turn even earlier.
Kaboom! The Hapsburg plays Revolt in Egypt forcing me to remove 3 units from the map. This time I choose Ibrahim 'cuz I need Suleiman for the SD.

What a terrible game so far! With 4 cards played against me in just the first 2 turns! A very slow start (11VP) and once again I can draw only 3 next round.

Turn 3
Only 3 cards to draw (Again!) but.. one of them is the mandatory LaFôret's Embassy which allows the French and Ottoman to draw an extra card IF allied. Negotiate an alliance with France and that he will play a card beneficial to me on the basis that I will play this as my first card.

SD Suleiman to Szegedin with 9 Regs and 3 Cav.
1st Impulse:
Playing LaFôret and drawing Diplomatic Marriage (Note that this event cannot be used by the Ottomans), a 5 CP card! Finally Lady luck smiles on me.
For the 1st CP of the card I move Suleiman with 12 units to Buda and start a field battle at 14 dice vs 9. Scoring hits 5 vs 3. Buda falls and Hungary surrenders. (Agram and the 'Hungarian' spaces in Bohemia immediately turn Hapsburg). I eliminate 2 Cav and 1 Reg. This nets me 4 VP (2 for Buda and 2 as war winner).
For the second CP I attack Egypt (4 vs 3) and we score 1 hit each.
Charles V had SD to Vienna and now adds 3 Mercs to that space bringing him up to full strength (10).. That would mean 13 dice on defense but I have my Janissaries... hmm, to attack or not to attack?
Problem solved! France plays Unpaid Mercenaries on Vienna and he loses all 5 of them! And he cannot replace them BEFORE it becomes my turn again..
2nd Impulse
With Charles V now down to 8 defensive dice I go for it and play 5 CP. First I move 3 Regs from Belgrade to Buda (2 CP), then move the entire stack (12) to Vienna flagging Pressburg on the way. Charles tries to evade and needs to roll an 8 (minus 2 for him but plus 1 for my Cav). He rolls a 7 and a field battle ensues 14 vs 8 dice (plus I have Janissaries in reserve should I roll poorly) and I score 5 hits! That wipes out Charles' entire force and he is captured! Vienna is empty but must be put under siege anyway. I eliminate 2 Cav and 1 Reg
3rd Impulse
Play 3 CP: 1 to build a Cav in Egypt and the second one to attack 4 vs 2. Both sides score 1 hit each. The 3rd CP goes into the assault on empty Vienna (1 defensive die). Vienna falls and I gain another 2 VP.
4th Impulse
Playing the mandatory event Barbary Pirates gives me control of Algiers (2VP) and lets me build 2 Regs and 2 Corsairs + Barbarossa there. For the 2 CP I build a Cav in Egypt and attack once again, this time at 4vs 1. The last rebel is eliminated (1 war winner VP) and my survivors (no loss) return to Istanbul.
5th Impulse
Using the Home card to build 4 Corsairs in Algiers and 1 Cav in Istanbul.
Winter Quarters: Leaving 3 units each in Vienna and Buda and 4 in Belgrade, Suleiman goes back to Istanbul.
That concludes an amazing turn in which I gained a whopping 9 VP and stand now at 20. Quite a change over last turn! However, the other players are taking note and will probably start targeting me even more...Next turn I'll draw 5 cards!

Turn 4
Of the 5 cards I draw 1 is Surprise Attack, arguably the best battle card of all.
Then, Hapsburg sues for peace! I gain 2 war winner VP but must give up Vienna (minus 2 VP, my units there fall back to Istanbul) but can draw a card from him giving me 6 cards this turn! (nothing special in those other cards)
Also, he wants Charles V back for which I gain an additional VP for my total now at 21. Am now at peace with everybody so Piracy will be easier and I will target the Hapsburg (only) since he has at least 2 ports in every sea zone except the Adriatic. With 3 dice statistically every pirate action should score 1 hit.
SD Suleiman with 8 Regs + 2 Cav to Buda. Ibrahim with 5 Regs in Istanbul
1st Impulse
Play 3 CP to move out all naval units to their adjacent sea zone (1CP). Move Ibrahim with 5 Regs to Rhodes (not to lose another card to those Knights)
2nd Impulse
Play 4 CP: Initiate Piracy (2CP) in Barbary Coast targeting Hapsburg with 6 Corsairs and Barbarossa. They have no squadrons there but 2 in the Gulf of Lyon and 1 in the Tyrrhenian and the fortress in Gibraltar, hence they get 4 dice for 1 hit. I roll 3 dice and score 1 hit eliminating 1 squadron (he chooses Gulf of Lyon). For 1 CP I move my remaining 5 Corsairs to the Gulf of Lyon. The 4th CP goes into the assault (4 : 2) on Rhodes and the Knights are removed (they might come back in a future turn). I lose 1 Reg.
The Hapsburg now, instead of building ships, plays Threat to Power against Ibrahim and eliminates him from the game by rolling a 4 ! Major setback!
3rd Impulse
Playing 3 CP: I initiate piracy (2 CP) in the Gulf of Lyon targeting Hapsburg. He gets 3 dice: 2 for the squadron there and 1 for the squadron in the Tyrrhenian and scores 1 hit. I get 3 dice as well and also score 1 hit. He eliminates the 2nd squadron in the Gulf. For the 3rd CP I move my remaining 4 Corsairs to the Tyrrhenian Sea and move 1 squadron from the Aegean to the NA coast
4th Impulse:
Play 4 CP: Initiate piracy (2 CP) in the Tyrrhenian targeting Hapsburg. He gets only 2 dice as there is only 1 of his squadrons left. No hit. I roll 3 dice again and eliminate his last squadron. For the remaining 2 CP I move my 4 remaining Corsairs to the Ionian Sea
5th Impulse
I play 2 CP to do piracy againstHapsburg. He has no ships but gets 1 die for Malta and misses. I miss too, with my 3 dice.
6th Impulse
with my home card I build 2 Regs and 1 Cav in Istanbul.
This concludes my turn as I will save my battle card for a future turn. Very satisfied with my piracy as I destroyed all 3 of his Squadrons for the loss of only 2 Corsairs (all losses placed on turn track). I still am at 21 VP so 4 of us are now very close to each other with France in the lead (22)
Winter phase: Leave 3 units in Rhodes and 4 each in Buda and Belgrade; the rest go back to Istanbul. The naval units go to Lepanto.
Turn 5
Will Hapsburg DOW me thus giving me a shot at Tunis? No, he cannot afford to as he still hasn't recovered fully from the devastating losses in T3 and is under pressure from France. He also lost all his squadrons in the Med and rebuilt only 1 (Barcelona) but gets 2 on loan from the Pope (Naples). So for me, this means piracy again. - I draw 4 cards (1 One, 2 Threes and 1 Four).
SD Suleiman with 10 Regs and 2 Cav to Szegedin. From there I can intercept into both Buda and Belgrade, respectively (in case he holds Machiavelli...)
1st Impulse
As I am at peace I use my home card to build 2 Corsairs in Lepanto, 1 CP to move my 6 Corsairs to sea and 2 CP to do piracy in the Ionian. He has only 1 die (Malta) and misses. I roll 3 dice for 1 hit . With no squadron eligible to take the hit he must either allow me a card draw (I. e. privatize his loss) or award me 1 VP (i.e. socialize his loss). I get the VP.
2nd Impulse
3 CP to move to and perform piracy in the Barbary Coast. He rolls 4 dice (1 each for Gibraltar and for his squadron in the Gulf of Lyon; 2 for the Papal squadrons in the Tyrrhenian) and scores 2 hits. So do I and he loses his squadron in Barcelona plus he gives me 1 VP.
3rd Impulse
Another 3 CP to move my 4 Corsairs to the Gulf of Lyon to do piracy. He gets 2 dice (the 2 Papal squadrons) and hits nothing. I score 1 hit and eliminate 1 of the Papal squadrons
4th Impulse
Playing 4 CP I move into the Tyrrhenian and do piracy. Now, he gets 2 dice and hits nothing. I score 2 hits and eliminate the last squadron and get 1 VP (he hates giving up cards). For the 4th CP I move my 3 Corsairs back to Barbary Coast.
5th Impulse
For the 1 CP card I move my remaining 4 Corsairs into the Ioanian Sea.
Winter: Corsairs fall back to Lepanto. I leave 2 units in Rhodes and 4 each in Buda and Belgrade, respectively.
This concludes my turn. Very lucky die rolling there on my part. For the loss of only 2 Corsairs I score 3 VP. The strategy to shoot up his ships, thereby forcing him to yield either a card draw or a VP paid off.
At the end of Turn 5 now there are 2 players with 24 VP each (Ottoman and France) and 2 others with 23 each (Prot and England). Papacy is close behind with Hapsburg trailing a bit.

Turn 6
The Hapsburg finally DOWs me!
SD: I deploy Suleiman with 9 Regs and 3 Cav to Szegedin. From there I can intercept into either Buda or Belgrade.
Hapsburg SDs Charles, trunk full (10) to Vienna . While our armies are of roughly equal strength now, I have Surprise Attack and my Janissaries. Astonishingly, he has no ships anywhere in the Med (he was under a lot of pressure from France and the Prots last turn) and the pope apparently didn't want to loan him any after last turn's fiasco.
1st Impulse. (have drawn 4 cards)
As I deem my position at Szegedin defensively strong enough I won't attack Vienna (is he daring me?) but rather hoist the Jolly Roger again. I spend 3 CP on piracy in the undefended Ionian Sea moving out with 4 Corsairs (I could have used the home card again to bring the Corsairs up to 6 but with no enemy ships in sight anywhere in the Mediterranean I'd rather save it should the inevitable field battles go badly). I roll 3 dice vs 1 (Malta) and score 2 (!) hits vs none. As there are no ships he could sacrifice he must grant me both a card draw AND a VP! That brings me to the magical 25 VP and now I am everybody's main target. The card I draw from him is Pirate Haven (3CP) which is kind of ironic.
Now something strange happens: The Hapsburg does not go for Buda but moves Charles to Trieste, leaving a garrison of 4 in Vienna. What is going on here? Why does he split his force? Is he trying to lure me into an attack?
The answer is given by the French who plays Roxelana on me! Suleiman must return to Istanbul immediately! My units in Szegedin are leaderless!
2nd Impulse
While piracy is out of the question this impulse I have calmed down a bit and realize that the situation is not as bad as it looked initially but also offers some opportunity. I could use my home card (5CP) to move back to Szegedin immediately but I don't want to give up the extra dice it provides. With Charles in such an odd position I decide I can take 2 impulses to get back. So I play only 2 CP to move Suleiman to Sofia picking up 1 Reg on the way.
Hapsburg lifts the veil by playing Imperial Coronation (a mandatory card new with the 500th anniversary edition) and since he played it himself he draws 2 extra cards! (he later explained that he was hoping to obtain battle cards) For the 2 CP he moves Charles back to Vienna.
3rd Impulse
I play 3 CP to move Suleiman back to Szegedin at full strength, waiting....And Charles makes his desperate (his words) attack on Buda! (flagging Pressburg on the way). I try to intercept and need to roll only a 6 (-2 for Suleiman and -1 for my Cav). I roll a 7 and a field battle ensues where I am the defender. He has 12 dice but I have 19 (2 for Suleiman plus his 12 units plus 4 Buda garrison plus 1 as the defender). He has no battle cards so I now play my Surprise Attack, which allows me to roll my 19 dice first and immediately apply the results (if any). Only then can he roll with what has survived. I score 6 hits (statistically expected) so he loses that many units. He now can roll only 6 dice (4 surviving units plus Charles) so he cannot win the battle (attacker needs to score more hits than the defender) and scores only 1 hit (instead of the expected 2) and retreats to Pressburg.
4th Impulse
Piracy in the Tyrrhenian with 3 dice to zero. I score 1 hit (no ships) and get 1 VP (total now at 26).
Hapsburg hastily builds a ship in Barcelona.
5th Impulse
I move with 4 (still) Corsairs into the Golf of Lyon (he stays in port and does not risk a naval battle at 2 dice vs. 6) and do piracy with 3 dice against 1. We both score 1 hit each (he gives up his squadron, I'm down to 3 Corsairs).
6th Impulse (home card)
Piracy in Barbary Coast with 3 dice against 1 (Gibraltar). We both score 1 hit (still 2 Corsairs left) and I get my final VP for my total score of 27 !
France and Prot finish second with 24 each.

Turns out that Hapsburg and Papacy were holding Siege Artillery and Siege Mining, respectively but couldn't get close enough...


Afterthoughts:

- Piracy strategy: Borrowing a quote from Guderian: Nicht Kleckern sondern Klotzen! (Boot'em, don't spatter'em!) On turns 4 and 5 I set sail with six (6) Corsairs in order to be able to 'spare some change', targeting only the Hapsburg. In turn 6 I decided that 4 were enough but could have sailed with 6 had I so chosen. That allowed me to attack with 3 dice every time and eliminate a lot of his ships and faster than he could replace them. It worked well.
- The new card 'LaFôret's Embassy' was critical in forging an alliance with France and in giving me an extra card when I needed it most
- The new card 'Imperial Coronation' gives the Hapsburg a big incentive to go to Trieste (especially if he holds it himself) however, it costs him 1 card just to get there. It also makes Trieste a much more interesting target for the Ottoman despite it not being a key
- The timing of the Roxelana card was odd (too early) which helped me






          Airport, Hungary - Szárnyak, vágyak, magyarok - Jelenlegi ára: 2 541 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      

Kedves Érdeklődő!
Üdvözli Önt a lira. hu online könyváruház csapata.
Kedvező személyes átvételi lehetőség Budapest szívében, a Fókusz Könyváruházban (1072 Budapest Rákóczi út 14. ). Áruházunk közel 50 éve széles könyvválasztékkal áll a vevők rendelkezésére.
A megrendelt könyveket a személyes átvételen túl házhozszállítással is átveheti. A szállítási díj a rendelés értékétől függ: 5000 Ft alatt 799 Ft, 5001-10000 Ft között 599 Ft, 10000 Ft felett ingyenes az ország egész területén.
Minden könyvünk új, kiváló állapotú, azonban a folyamatosan változó készlet miatt előfordulhat, hogy a megrendelt könyv elfogyott áruházunk készletéből.
LEÍRÁS
1234490
Kordos Szabolcs
Airport, Hungary - Szárnyak, vágyak, magyarok
Újabb különleges világba nyerhetnek betekintést azok, akik Kordos Szabolccsal tartanak ezen a kontinenseken átívelő utazáson. A hatalmas sikerű Luxushotel, Hungary szerzőjének új könyvében elárulják titkaikat a magánrepülőgépeken dolgozó magyar légiutas-kísérők, valamint megszólalnak a diszkont- és a hagyományos légitársaságok sokat látott alkalmazottai. Megosztják a szerzővel - így az olvasóval is - történeteiket a földi kiszolgáló személyzet tagjai és a mindent elnyelő gyomrú tehergépek magányos pilótái.
Szeretné tudni, miért éri meg 20 millió forintot költeni egyetlen repülőútra, ha mindössze négy percet tölt a helyszínen az ember? Kíváncsi rá, hogyan reagált a magyar legénység egy máig titokban tartott gépeltérítési kísérletre? Megismerné, milyen körülmények között élnek a pilóták és a légiutas-kísérők a Közel-Keleten? Mi az igazság a Mile High Clubról?
Ha érdeklik a mindennapok 10 kilométerrel a föld felett, és a repülőtéri élet valósága, akkor az Airport, Hungaryt örömmel forgatja majd.
Szállítási és átvételi lehetőségek:
Személyes átvétel
Budapest szívében, az Astoria és a Blaha Lujza tér között található Fókusz Könyváruházban.
Cím:
1072 Budapest Rákóczi út 14.
Nyitvatartás:
Hétköznap 9: 30-20: 00
Szombaton 10: 00-17: 00
Megrendelését karácsony után tudjuk teljesíteni.
Személyes átvétel esetén értesítést küldünk, hogy mikor veheti át a rendelést, amennyiben értesítés nélkül jön átvenni a rendelést, azt nem tudjuk teljesíteni.
Házhozszállítás
A szállítási díj a rendelés értékétől függ: 5000 Ft alatt 799 Ft, 5001-10000 Ft között 599 Ft, 10000 Ft felett ingyenes az ország egész területén.
Köszönjük, hogy bennünket választott, reméljük, hogy a jövőben is megelégedésére szolgálunk.
Üdvözlettel:
A lira. hu csapata

Airport, Hungary  - Szárnyak, vágyak, magyarok
Jelenlegi ára: 2 541 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-13 13:30
          Interview with Alison Littman, Author of Radio Underground @alimcshpiel #interview      Cache   Translate Page      


Alison Littman lives in San Francisco where she’s a writer by day and standup comedian by night. A former journalist in New Mexico, she covered politics and education while also contributing articles on John F. Kennedy and The Beatles to various specialty magazines. Her feature stories focus on listening to rock 'n' roll behind the Iron Curtain and Cold War politics. Radio Underground is her first novel.


Q: Welcome to The Writer's Life!  Now that your book has been published, we’d love to find out more about the process.  Can we begin by having you take us at the beginning?  When did you come up with the idea to write your book?
           
            Radio Underground came to me by chance many years ago when I was combing through archives at the Hoover Institution for my college thesis. I found a stack of letters written by people in Hungary who were secretly listening to rock ‘n’ roll during the Cold War. As I did more digging, I learned they were writing to a DJ who played The Beatles, The Rolling Stones and other popular bands on the illicit Radio Free Europe. For a long time, I couldn’t get their voices out of my head, like Titanilla, who wrote:

….There are thousands of us who live only in sleep—who act, speak, applaud because we have to. When we utter YES, our hearts drum NO. Can this partial assimilation end up in a complete one? This is our question. In our childhood we were looking for beauty and for the realization of human ideals, and what remains today? A hesitant search for existence and a life under the compulsion of permanent lying. We can go forward only in the middle of the road…
-Titanilla
10 December 1964
Radio Free Europe Archives, Hoover Institution, Stanford University

            I knew after reading these letters I wanted to find a way to share them with the world. Many of them were written by young people who used code names, which would be read aloud by the DJ as he played the songs they requested. I endeavored to capture both the pain these young people and their families felt and the optimism some were still able to maintain. They believed in something better. Except, it wasn’t necessarily the West or capitalism they believed in. It was that expression could set them free, and they would pursue that to no end, both through their words and in the music to which they listened.

 
Q: How hard was it to write a book like this and do you have any tips that you could pass on which would make the journey easier for other writers?
 
            Writing historical fiction is challenging in that you can’t exactly go live in the time period you’re writing on. For those wanting to base their work on a different time period or place (past, future or alternate reality), I think it’s important to remember not every detail of that world needs to be discussed. While some summary will be needed, I would recommend revealing your world through how your characters interact with it. For example, in Radio Underground, Eszter has to sneak out at night in order to deliver intelligence to her Radio Free Europe contacts. Through her passing buildings and slipping along side streets, I was able to touch upon the historical moment by showing: the secret police headquarters where they tortured people in prisons below; the Zis-110, the government’s vehicle of choice, sometimes used to snatch people in the middle of the night from their homes; and the fact that no one is out on the street because there is a curfew. All of these points indicate important details about the time period, but are presented in a way that shows us who Eszter is – a covert journalist risking her life to convey intelligence to her contacts.

Q: Who is your publisher and how did you find them or did you self-publish?
            My publisher is the indie press, Last Syllable Books. I met Selene, the publisher and founder of Last Syllable, at a writer’s conference five years ago and have since revised, developed and edited Radio Underground with her until it was ready for publication. For any writers out there, I would say publishing, like anything, is networking. Conferences, writing residencies and similar programs can connect you directly or via a personal recommendation to the agents and publishers who may be interested in your work.

Q: Is there anything that surprised you about getting your first book published?
            I was surprised at how many logistics were involved in getting a book to market. Since my publisher involved me in a lot of the process, I have learned about things like barcodes, ISBNs, offset printing, wholesale distribution and other details and processes that I just wouldn’t ever know existed.

Q: What other books are you working on and when will they be published?
            I’m currently working on a book that takes place in San Francisco a few months after a fog has lifted from the city. This isn’t just your normal fog, it is one that has had disastrous effects on certain populations and society will be forever changed. It’s in the very nascent stages so I don’t want to say too much more – but stay tuned!
           
Q: What’s one fact about your book that would surprise people?
            That the U.S. used rock ‘n’ roll to persuade people in Eastern Europe to ditch their communist ties and support capitalism.

Q: Finally, what message are you trying to get across with your book?
            I would like people to explore a couple of questions when they think about my book.
            I’m curious about the responsibility we have to report unbiased news. In Radio Underground the characters are caught up in creating news that will serve their political agendas or the “good of the people.” Are there situations where we are justified in shaping news if it is for the betterment of society? And how far can or should we go?
            Another question I have is about the lengths and limits of love. I would like to believe love can conquer all, however we are always encountering these major outside forces that seem to challenge our ability to stay connected to one another—and in Radio Underground’s case—the fate of an entire country was in flux as a family started to crumble. Are there times when we should put something else before our loved ones? Is there some sort of greater purpose in life than the very ties that bind us? Or not?
           
Q: Thank you again for this interview!  Do you have any final words?

            I’m so excited to hear what readers take away from Radio Underground. I hope it offers a glimpse into a time period that captures their imagination and isn’t frequently covered in the historical fiction of today.

About the Book:

Title: RADIO UNDERGROUND
Author: Alison Littman
Publisher: Last Syllable Books
Pages: 354
Genre: Historical Fiction

BOOK BLURB:
After years of suffering under the communist regime in Cold War Hungary, Eszter Turján—fanatical underground journalist—would sacrifice anything, and anyone, to see the government fall. When she manipulates news broadcasts on Radio Free Europe, she ignites a vicious revolution, commits a calamitous murder, and is dragged away screaming to a secret underground prison.

Her daughter Dora, then a teenager, cowers in her bedroom as the secret police arrest her mother. Haunted and hurt, Dora vows to work against everything Eszter believes in. But, it’s not that simple.

After nine years, Dora meets a strapping young fan of Radio Free Europe and is unwittingly drawn back into Eszter’s circle. She finds her mother, driven mad by years of torture, is headed for death.

On the brink of losing Eszter again, Dora must decide if she should risk her life to save the mother who discarded her—or leave it to fate.

“A propulsive read and a timely reminder that maintaining our humanity requires courage as much as love.”- Kim van Alkemade, New York Times best-selling author of Orphan #8 and Bachelor Girl

“Littman’s debut novel is a delectable blend of history and heartstrings, sure to please the palates of literature lovers everywhere.”- Selene Castrovilla, award-winning author of Melt and Luna Rising

5 out of 5 star review from Readers’ Favorite

Radio Underground reads like a movie…A revolutionary tale written with style.”- Readers’ Favorite



ORDER YOUR COPY:

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          Jaguar en Land Rover slaan Autosalon van Genève over      Cache   Translate Page      
Tijdens de Autosalon van Parijs afgelopen oktober was de tendens al voelbaar en het ziet er naar uit dat steeds meer automerken de traditionele autotentoonstelling laten voor wat het al decennia is. Zo heeft Jaguar Land Rover nu laten weten de show in Genève te skippen.
          Can't Even Imagine This Cold      Cache   Translate Page      
Courtesy of Diego López Dominguez , Southern Ocean along the Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctica.

Spain's Diego López Dominguez is finally home in New York City after 20 days on the road for his Antarctica trip where he was one of 14 swimmers who successfully completed the International Ice Swimming Association-sanctioned Antarctica Ice Kilometer Swim, finishing third overall in 12:40:90 in the -1.2°C water in the Southern Ocean near Antarctica.

"It has - no doubt - been one of the most, if not the most, amazing experiences in my life, swimming and otherwise.

The conditions, as you heard from Jean Craven and Ram Barkai, were harsh and dynamic throughout the trip. We were basically on standby for the whole trip.

However, it was extremely helpful and inspiring to be in a group, with such a team of incredible ice swimmers from all over the world. Individual success meant nothing until we all finished and returned home with a 14 out of 14 score.

Swimming an Ice Kilometer in -1.2°C water with strong winds and non-stop snow in the open water while sorting icebergs is not easy. And if you add the magic and intimidating landscape of Antarctica, it becomes a really unique experience. Results are very relative, but I was honored to share the heat – and the overall podium with Petar Stoychev and Victoria Mori. What two amazing competitors they are.

Antarctica was my last swim of the year and of the Continents Seven project. It has been an incredible and enriching year that will change my life forever
."

López - known as the Global Swimmer - is among the nominees for the 2018 World Open Water Swimming Man of the Year along with the following individuals:

1. Benoît Lecomte (France/USA)
2. Cameron Bellamy (South Africa)
3. Diego López Dominguez (Canary Islands)
4. Ferry Weertman (Netherlands)
5. Igor Lukin (Russia)
6. Ion Lazarenco Tiron (Republic of Moldava)
7. John Batchelder (USA)
8. José Luis Larrosa Chorro (Spain)
9. Kristóf Rasovszky (Hungary)
10. Lewis Pugh (Great Britain/South Africa)
11. Maarten van der Weijden (Netherlands)
12. Ned Denison (Ireland/USA)
13. Rohan More (India)
14. Vladimir Mravec (Slovakia/Australia)
15. Yaroslav Pronin (Belarus)

López, originally from the Canary Islands, not only completed his Continents Seven in Antarctica, but he also participated in races in Haiti, USA, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Bolivia, England, France, Turkey, and Hong Kong throughout the year - completing 17 swims totalling 257 km on 7 continents.

To vote for the WOWSA Awards and the 2018 World Open Water Swimming Man of the Year, visit here.

Copyright © 2008-2018 by World Open Water Swimming Association

          News Briefs: Former hedge fund manager Tom Steyer says he is willing to run for president in 2020 in SC visit, Why Hungary forced George Soros-backed Central European University to leave the country      Cache   Translate Page      
Former hedge fund manager Tom Steyer says he is willing to run for president in 2020 in SC visit Billionaire liberal activist Tom Steyer said he will make a decision about a future 2020 presidential bid in the next few months but he already seems more than comfortable with the idea. &quot;I a...
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          Europe forecast: Showery eastern Mediterranean - Unsettled northern Europe, Dec 04 - 23:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Cool and showery eastern Mediterranean, unsettled northern Europe Wednesday Fair for most of Portugal and Spain on Wednesday. Plenty of sunshine but some morning mist and fog patches too. Fine for the Balearics, Corsica and Sardinia with lots of sunshine and dry weather too. Remaining dry in Italy although foggy at first, especially in the north. Cool in Greece with sunny spells, some wintry showers in Turkey. Rain and wind in central and northern France, fair to the south with sunny spells. More rain and cloud in the Low Countries and much of Germany, but mild. Poland should be dry with sunny spells. Dry in Austria and Hungary as well as Switzerland. Increasing cloud bringing wind and rain in the afternoon to Denmark. Rain in southern Sweden but dry for most of the country. The Baltic States will be fair, although soe snow later. Breezy with snow in Finland. air in southern Norway but snow in central and northern areas.

Thursday Another fine day in Iberia with plenty of sunshine and dry weather, although there could be some fog early in the morning in sheltered areas. Staying fair in the balearics, Corsica and Sardinia as well as Italy. Fair for Greece with lots of sunshine. Chilly and breezy in Greece with some showers in the eastern mediterranean and eastern Turkey. Cloud and patchy rain in the far north of France. Cloud and rain in the Low Countries and northern germany as well as much of Poland. Windy in these areas too. The south of France will be brighter with sunny spells. Some broken cloud in Switzerland with showers. Mainly dry in Austria with cloud and patchy rain in Hungary. Cloud and outbreaks of rain in Denmark. Breezy with cloud and some patchy rain in the baltic States. Breezy and rather cloud in Finland although windy with snow in the north. Cloud and rain affecting southern Norway, with some snow showers to the north.


          Press Releases: On the Meeting of the North Atlantic Council      Cache   Translate Page      
Special Briefing
Senior State Department Official
Washington, DC
December 4, 2018


MODERATOR: (In progress) He’s going to speak with you on back ground as a senior State Department official. [Senior State Department Official] just exited the meeting that was held on Ukraine and Georgia in which the Secretary spoke and a lot of others spoke, so [Senior State Department Official], go right ahead.

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: So as [Moderator] said, I just came out of a meeting of the North Atlantic Council on Black Sea security. This is the format focused on Georgia and Ukraine. You may remember, and I want to call everyone’s attention to the fact, that Hungary has been blocking participation of Ukraine in certain formats at NATO, a habit that we strongly object to. This is a format, a Black Sea format that – it’s now the second time this format has met, and it is a format that we put together to have these two countries continue to engage NATO, but it’s a workaround to Hungary’s blockage, which we continue to object to.

In that session, there were strong expressions of support for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine and Georgia. The United States in particular sent a very clear and strong message of support for both of these countries, joining them in their stand against Russian aggression, both externally with regard to territorial acts of aggression and internally with regard to the building of democracy and continued efforts at reform.

There was a special focus in the NAC session just now on the November 25th incident outside the Kerch Strait. I know all of you have followed that closely and are aware of everything that happened. It’s a serious concern for the United States for a couple of reasons. One is Ukraine itself. It marks an unmistakable escalation of the conflict there, not least because it’s the first time that the Russian Government has openly and unapologetically used its own forces without any attempt at claiming it was done by so-called separatists; but secondly the demonstration effect of what happened in Kerch. There are a lot of international passage – maritime passageways in the world – Middle East, Asia. We have principled reasons to be concerned about a demonstration like – the demonstration effect like this sinking in, but also very practical and interest-based reasons to be concerned about a lot of places in the world where U.S. troops and commerce pass through, and we don’t want this precedent to stick.

Today the U.S. reiterated that we condemn this Russian act of aggression, call it for what it is; that Crimea is Ukraine; and that the Russian action in Kerch is both a clear military escalation and a violation of international law and freedom of the sea. Long before this latest incident in Kerch, the United States has been raising our concerns about Russian behavior in Azov and with the construction of the Kerch Bridge. We’ve had State Department statements on Kerch and Azov on numerous occasions, most recently in May, August, and November prior to this incident. We have raised concerns about Azov and Russian behavior there in the OSCE Permanent Council on five occasions since last year.

I think all of you know – you have followed the President’s decision some months ago to reverse the previous administration’s blockage of lethal aid to Ukraine – we’ve provided two cutters to enhance maritime security of Ukraine, and a senior State Department official was present at the handoff ceremony. We recently held a meeting of the U.S.-Ukraine Strategic Partnership Commission, which I chair, co-chaired with Minister – Foreign Minister Klimkin, and that included a special focus on Azov.

I would also note that the Russian entities who are involved in the Kerch Bridge construction and who are operating in Crimea, a number of those – at least a dozen by my count – are already sanctioned entities. In the period since this incident, we demarched all 28 EU members as well as Russia. We have pressed publicly and privately alongside allies for release of the crew and a reopening of the strait. The Secretary has made very strong and clear statements about this and has tweeted about it on numerous occasions. The President has spoken about this. Ambassador Haley made a statement about this. I think all of you know that the President canceled a Putin meeting because of his concern about this incident. We put out a G7 foreign ministers statement, we had a NATO-NAC statement on November 27th, and we’re now working very closely with allies to assess the way forward.

And the final thing I would say is I think the Russians have this message; but if they don’t, it should be abundantly clear to them that for as long as they hold these crew members, we will continue to raise the costs. They need to release the crews, return the ships, and this is not something that we’re going to turn our attention away from.

QUESTION: How has – how have you risen --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: First question, please.

QUESTION: How have you risen the costs since the incident? Other than statements, I don’t know where, but (inaudible) – how has --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: So the – you haven’t heard the final word on this matter. We’re in close coordination.

QUESTION: Tell me. What is it?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: I don’t have a final word for you on this matter.

QUESTION: Oh, oh, oh. (Inaudible) you were saying.

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: We’re closely coordinating with allies on a way forward and we have complete consistency in our concerns and messaging with allies, and right now we’re assessing how to get the crew and ships out. There’s a variety of options for that, but as I said, it’s not an issue that’s going to go away.

QUESTION: I understand, but you said that the – you’re going to continue to raise the cost to the Russians if they don’t do this. So I’m just – “continue to” – I don’t see how the cost has risen since the incident has happened, so there’s nothing that they can get in return for releasing the crew and the ships except for you guys stop writing mean letters, right?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Yeah, thank you for that characterization of our policy.

QUESTION: (Off-mike.)

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: I mean, look, there should be no doubt whatsoever, because if you look at our actions over the last two years, there should be no doubt about cost imposition and this administration’s focus on cost imposition for Russian aggression.

QUESTION: I’m not --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: And this is the latest example of Russian aggression.

QUESTION: I’m not questioning that. I’m not questioning that.

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: So as I said, right now our focus is on working with our allies, because European allies have a principal responsibility for something that happens in their own backyard.

QUESTION: Yes, but my only question – I’m not doubting that you’re tough on the Russians. I’m saying what have you done in response to this specific incident that raises the costs so that they will think again --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: I just gave you a really long list of a variety of things that we’ve done over the last two years, and I think for where we stand right now, I’m just going to call your attention to that list. I think it speaks for itself in communicating our resolve to get the crew out, unblock the strait, and not let the precedent stick.

QUESTION: But the crew hadn’t been taken --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Next question.

QUESTION: -- hadn’t been taken and the strait wasn’t blocked four months ago.

MODERATOR: Let’s move on. (Inaudible.)

QUESTION: So were you happy when MBS did a high-five with Vladimir Putin? Given all of your concerns about Putin’s behavior over the last several years, given all the things that you’ve done to raise that, to talk to – to increasingly isolate the Russians on the international stage, one of your closest allies had a enthusiastic, almost bear hug-like high-five with Putin at the G20, where both were sort of obviously gleeful. Is that the sort of messaging that you think is appropriate by one of your closest --

MODERATOR: I think the question about Saudi Arabia should be not addressed to [Senior State Department Official] and that was your (inaudible).

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: It was about – look --

QUESTION: (Inaudible.)

MODERATOR: Hold on. You can certainly answer – ask the – that question to the Secretary.

QUESTION: Okay.

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Look, let me answer that in part from an EUR perspective. Vladimir Putin is determined to increase Russian influence in the Middle East and the Russians, make no mistake, have a strategy to exercise greater influence over things like the price of oil. This is a big part of the reason why, when we look at policy both in Eastern Europe and in the Middle East, we have to be cognizant of the fact that Putin is an opportunistic player looking to cement stronger strategic relations with countries like Saudi Arabia that’s a close U.S. friend and partner. So it’s part of the reason that I think Secretary Pompeo has been clear there’s a lot of equities that we have in the Saudi relationship, and we have to balance those wisely.

So I would say your question points to something that I hope our friends in the media are cognizant of, that we have to prevent Putin from having opportunities like this to cement relations with Saudis, among others.

MODERATOR: Next question.

QUESTION: There were reports this morning that the Russians were easing their blockade of Ukrainian seaports. Was that mentioned? Do you see that as a sign of progress? And then you’ve been repeatedly saying the Europeans should be doing more here since this is in their backyard. Have any solid commitments been made? And what specifically more (inaudible)?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Yeah. So on the first part of your question, even a partial blockage from our standpoint is unacceptable, both under international law and the obligations that the Russians have to the Ukrainians from their own agreements on how they – bilateral agreements on how they manage that passageway. So we don’t see that as success.

On your second question, I would answer that a lot like I did earlier, that we are talking and working very closely with European allies right now to chart a unified way forward where the West is not only speaking with one voice, which I think we are right now, but what we’re working on and a big part of why we’re here today is charting the way forward in terms of actions.

QUESTION: Is it consensus that that’s unacceptable, that it’s not a victory – the partial unblockage, or is that just the U.S.?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: I can only speak from the perspective of U.S. policy. I would refer you to numerous other foreign ministries.

QUESTION: Well, that didn’t come up in the – did – it didn’t come up in the NAC meeting?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Did what come up?

QUESTION: The partial unblockage, and did you all come to consensus that this is not good enough, that they have to --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: A lot of those developments are very, very recent, right, so over the last few hours. Several of the ministers who spoke up noted that, but they didn’t note it by way of saying we’re out of the woods. But people are aware of the fact – I think across the alliance are aware that this is a fluid situation.

I mean, I’ll go out on a limb and say I think generally from a NATO-wide perspective no one would see that as a satisfactory move or the end of a matter.

MODERATOR: [Senior State Department Official] only has a few more minutes. Nike, go ahead.

QUESTION: Yes. Thank you very much. First I would like to know if – do you see any indication of Russia – (phone rings). Sorry. Do you see any indication on Russia stepping up interference in Ukraine in the run-up to the – excuse me – in the presidential and parliamentary election next year? And separately, was Georgia’s bid to become a NATO member addressed?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: We see a noticeable uptick in already very high levels of Russian interference inside Ukraine. I think the Russians, and I should specifically say the Russian Government – and I think these decisions are coming from Putin – sees Ukraine as a very vulnerable target and is attempting through a variety of means to undermine confidence in democratic institutions. A lot of Russian cyber activity. As you may know, the State Department has provided a lot of practical support to the Ukrainians. Our post is very active there, but we’ve also targeted a lot of our recent aid at bucking up Ukrainian cyber defenses. So we’ve rolled up our sleeves and we work with them on a daily basis in making Ukraine and its institutions more resilient against those attacks.

QUESTION: On Georgia?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Georgia. So from the U.S. perspective, and I think we’ve been clear on this, that we stand by the Bucharest 2008 declaration affirming that Georgia has a future in NATO. Georgia has made tremendous strides in reform, particularly in the defense sector, is an outsized contributor to international security missions, so our policy position has not changed.

And we are happy to see that the presidential elections went off as smoothly as they did. We are concerned about numerous irregularities that we saw in those elections but are very watchful now in how the Georgians implement their new constitution, and I think the early part of next year will be a test for democratic institutions in Georgia.

MODERATOR: Guy.

QUESTION: Yeah, well I just want to remind you – thanks so much, this is really insightful. But I want to remind you that it’s on background, so nobody reading this knows who said it.

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Thanks for the reminder.

QUESTION: Yeah. I mean --

MODERATOR: This is what we typically do at State Department, previews with some of our experts.

QUESTION: Oh, I understand. Of course, but --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Do you have a question?

QUESTION: My question is I want to give you an opportunity to tell us what exactly was achieved here today vis-a-vis Ukraine in a simple statement. Was there – is there anything that – I mean, yesterday you told us that the goal – or we were calling on European allies to show leadership, we want to see European allies take greater responsibility for a security problem that is just a few hundred miles from Germany’s border. Was there any movement towards that? And I’m not trying to insinuate that there wasn’t. Just here’s the shot to give us --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Since we’re on background, I’ll offer an observation that when the United States and particularly this administration is – when we get criticized from the media, it’s often for not coordinating enough with allies. When we coordinate with allies, we get criticized for coordinating with allies. So as I’m sure you can appreciate, although diplomacy probably works on a little bit different time schedule than some other things, not everything is resolved in a 55-minute meeting.

I think the NAC statement a few days ago was crystal-clear. What we do not see NATO doing right now is what NATO did at the onset of the Georgia war – sticking its head in the sand, not speaking up. Speaking up counts for something. As the Secretary said earlier today, words matter. And I think post-Kerch incident, the words of the United States are crystal-clear. As you’ve seen on our Ukraine and on our Russia policy, our words and actions match, and I’ve given you a long list of the ways in which they match. As I said a minute ago, you haven’t heard the last word on this matter, and we want the Russians to absorb the message that they need to release the crews or there will be consequences and the pain will grow over time. As – and I think that’s been our consistent message to the Russians across the board for various forms of aggressive behavior, and this will be no exception.

MODERATOR: Joel, go ahead.

QUESTION: A very quick question.

MODERATOR: Joel was ahead of you. Go ahead, Joel.

QUESTION: You said you want unified action, not just words. So have you found that the – are the Turks limiting the range of motion, so to speak, in response to the Kerch Strait incident in light of – to the growing relationship between Erdogan and --

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: The Turks are very helpful on this matter for a couple of reasons. First, there is a large Tatar minority community in Crimea. The Turks have been consistent in their commitments in a NATO context on not recognizing the annexation of Crimea. They’ve actually been one of the more forceful in raising concerns about human rights violations inside Crimea. But also, as I said a minute ago at the beginning of my remarks, they look at the broader implications of developments in a narrow passageway because they have one that they sit next to and are very cognizant of the precedents that could be set there. So we’ve been very pleased with the Turkish reaction to this and are stitched up really, really closely with them.

MODERATOR: We’ll go to the last question, Jessica Donati.

QUESTION: (Inaudible) question, just – I know you can’t specify the details, but can you give us a sense of the timeline that you’re looking at, what kind of urgency? Is this days, weeks, or months from action?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: All I can tell you – and I know from your perspective it’s probably not very satisfying, but I can tell you it is the highest priority that my bureau is working on. And as I said a minute ago, we are closely coordinating with allies. We’re stitched up inside USG. And beyond that, I don’t want to give you a crystal ball.

MODERATOR: Thanks, everybody.

QUESTION: Thanks, [Senior State Department Official].

(Break.)

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: I should have said more about Nord Stream 2. I never miss a messaging opportunity on Nord Stream 2. I think you could – look, Kerch incident should be a reminder to all of our European allies on why Nord Stream 2 is such a bad idea. And to put an even sharper point on it, I mean, by way of background, I would put it this way: I would say the Kerch incident is a reminder that the less infrastructure you have, the less gas infrastructure you have bypassing Ukraine because of Nord Stream 2, the weaker the deterrent – deterrence is to Russian acts of military aggression.

So there are practical energy-related reasons we don’t want Nord Stream 2 to go forward. There are also security and Ukraine-related reasons that we don’t want Nord Stream 2 to go forward, and this is a startling reminder.

QUESTION: Did the Germans get that reminder?

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: We raise Nord Stream 2 with the Germans on every occasion, and I will say I think that Kerch – I mean, when you have a naked act of aggression like that, I think it resonates in German public opinion. And we’ve seen some indications in our recent conversations with German officials that they’ve absorbed that message more plainly after Kerch. It’s harder for them to just say this is a commercial project.

QUESTION: Thank you.

MODERATOR: Thanks, guys.

SENIOR STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL: Thanks, guys.


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          In blow to political correctness, Italy wants crucifixes and nativity scenes in all classrooms      Cache   Translate Page      

In blow to political correctness, Italy wants crucifixes and nativity scenes in all classrooms

ITALY, December 3, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) – Amid what Italian media is describing as “open war” on school nativity scenes, Italy’s Education Ministry has slapped back, granting approval to installing crucifixes and reinstating nativity scenes in the nation’s classrooms.
“The crucifix is for me the symbol of our history, our culture, our traditions,” said Education Minister Marco Bussetti, speaking to the Federation of Catholic Schools’ annual congress in Rome. “I don't see how it can cause any irritation in our school rooms, on the contrary it may help kids to reflect on our history.”  
Bussetti is not alone.
When a school in the city of Terni, northeast of Rome, cancelled its traditional nativity play in order to respect children from other cultures, Italy’s Interior Minister Matteo Salvini slammed the measure as “IDIOCY,” according to a Voice of Europe report.  
"It is not just about religion,” said Salvini on Facebook, “but about history, roots, culture. I will not give up.”  
“Long live our traditions, and may they spread!” he added.
A representative of the populist Lega Party, Valeria Alessandrini, first brought the situation at the school in Terni to the attention of Italians, saying:
Only by respecting (our own traditions) … can we make others understand everyone is free to practice their own faiths but that it is also required they respect the history and culture of the country in which they live.
I hope that children and young people at the school will be allowed to share with their peers and their parents the most beautiful, intense and meaningful moments of Christmas.
For years, forces have been at work demanding the removal of all expressions of Christianity from Italian schools in order to respect other cultures. In 2009, the European Court of Human Rights ruled against the presence of crucifixes in Italian classrooms.  

 https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/in-blow-to-political-correctness-italy-wants-crucifixes-and-nativity-scenes



NOVEMBER 3, 2018

Image result for Photo of Salvini and Legs


The Catholic politicians in Italy can affirm all the teachings of the Catholic Church without an irrational premise and inference : their conclusion would be different from the Left
https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2018/11/the-catholic-politicians-in-italy-can.html

Inline image

NOVEMBER 3, 2018

Image result for Photo Matteo Salvini

 NOVEMBER 2, 2018

Salvini


https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2018/11/salvini.html

Salvini



Salvini - 2

https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2018/11/salvini-2.html





NOVEMBER 1, 2018

Austrian government must correct Card, Schonborn's deception : clarification from Parolin needed   https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2018/11/austrian-government-must-correct-card.html




OCTOBER 30, 2018

Hungarian Parliament must note that the divisive Synod on the Youth was Leftist and supported Soros' policies  https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2018/10/hungarian-parliament-must-note-that.html

OCTOBER 8, 2018

In Hungary they do not have to accept the Catechism approved for the teaching for Catholics, by Soros and the Left  https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2018/10/in-hugary-they-do-not-have-to-accept.html

OCTOBER 10, 2018



OCTOBER 13, 2017
Hungarian Parliamentarian Blasts ‘Satanic’ Influence of George Soros
HUNGARIAN PARLIAMENTARIAN BLASTS ‘SATANIC’ INFLUENCE OF GEORGE SOROS
https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2017/10/hungarian-parliamentarian-blasts.html

 OCTOBER 10, 2018
When the Hungarian Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto says that Hungarian has been a Christian country for a millennium he means it has been a Catholic country - without the leftist doctrines on salvation of the present- day Vatican
https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2018/10/when-hungarian-foreign-minister-peter.html

____________________________________________________________________

OCTOBER 29, 2018

 The Banner of Beatification for Blessed Karl of Austria, Saint Peter's Basilica


October in Austria

https://eucharistandmission.blogspot.com/2018/10/october-in-austria.html

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JULY 17, 2017
Catholic political parties must teach Catholics the faith which is not being taught by religious due to political pressure
http://eucharistandmission.blogspot.it/2017/07/catholic-political-parties-must-teach.html
 MAY 3, 2017
Image result for Name of the President of PolandAndrzej Duda President of Poland does not note the split between Church doctrine and State in Poland because of Cushingism   http://eucharistandmission.blogspot.it/2017/05/andrzej-dudathe-president-of-poland.html
DECEMBER 19, 2016
Catholics will not vote for the Catholic political parties :The four cardinals are using an irrational philosophy to reject the traditional ecclesiology and interpret Vatican Council II with the same irrationality
http://eucharistandmission.blogspot.it/2016/12/catholics-will-not-vote-for-catholic.html
 OCTOBER 30, 2016

Image result for Photo of the Social Reign of Christ the King
With Feeneyite Vatican Council II the Catholic Church affirms the Social Reign of Christ the King.  http://eucharistandmission.blogspot.it/2016/10/with-feeneyite-vatican-council-ii.html
NOVEMBER 25, 2014
The Council’s words are strong and forthright here, implicitly asserting the sovereignty of Christ over all nations, but we now seldom hear them quoted http://eucharistandmission.blogspot.it/2014/11/the-councils-words-are-strong-and.html 




          George Soros-Founded University Kicked Out Of Hungary By Government      Cache   Translate Page      
“Even Voldemort didn’t kick Hogwarts out”: In the weeks leading up to the decision, protestors abounded. However, the university will move to Vienna.
          Hungary’s Eviction of Soros-Backed University Is a Win for Europe’s Far Right      Cache   Translate Page      
Viktor Orbán takes another alarming step in his effort to strangle opposition within Hungary, and neither the E.U. nor the U.S. is likely to stop him.
          Digital Services Tax: A Disaster for the Tech Industry      Cache   Translate Page      

By Erin Few.

 

Chancellor Philip Hammond’s 2018 budget brought news of yet another unnecessary tax on UK businesses. This newly proposed levy, the Digital Services Tax, will be implemented by April 2020. Following the lead of some European countries, such as
Italy and Hungary, which have adopted similar taxes in recent years, the policy would impose a 2 per cent charge on tech companies generating over £500 million a year in revenue. This new tax is not only bad for the British tech industry, but would also stiflebthe growth of UK companies as a whole.


The United Kingdom’s investment in tech is already lower than other competing countries. Adopting a tax that punishes innovative companies for their success will discourage domestic investment into a continually growing industry. Hammond claims that this tax would only target big businesses, but many experts share the sentiment that tech entrepreneurs would actually suffer most. Dom Hallas, the director of the Coalition for a Digital Economy, said “tech giants ... are in fact best placed to deal with an increased tax burden. The true cost will be in hurting innovative British companies who want to develop at home then grow globally.” In such a fast growing field, the burden of taxation should not inhibit growth; on the contrary, the United Kingdom should be incentivising innovation and startups to make them more competitive in the international digital industry.


It is also bad news for the competitive development of British digital companies when considered in a more global perspective. The Economist starkly points out that “of the world’s 15 largest digital firms, all are American or Chinese. Of the top 200, [only] eight
are European.” According to the Tax Foundation, not only are there fewer companies, but capital investment for the digital industry in all of Europe is only around half the investment of American companies. If the United Kingdom, or Europe as a whole, continues adopting new taxes on the profit of tech companies, then it will suppress the already tepid investment of British companies in the global market and thus the success which follows.


Although the Digital Services Tax has been announced by the Chancellor, there is still time to stop it. Instead of adding more taxes and regulations, the UK government should emphasise economic freedom and make it easier for their companies to grow. Introducing this tax would negatively affect the growth of startups and make it more difficult for innovation to flourish. The United Kingdom should instead be a trailblazer on the digital services frontier, rising above competing countries and promoting the advancement of this cutting-edge industry.


          DAVID, JULIUS J.      Cache   Translate Page      
DAVID age 100, born May 26th in Maramaros Sziget, Hungary. Beloved husband of the late Valeria (nee Berta); dear father of Judith (Elmar) Koeberer,...
          FIVE MORE DAYS until the world votes whether or not to transform Western Civilization into third-world Islam      Cache   Translate Page      
The United Nations Global Migration Pact (aka national suicide) must be rejected. If your country is not on the list (below) of those refusing to sign, you’re in big trouble. NO VOTES SO FAR: United States, Austria, Australia, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Israel, Poland, Slovakia with Belgium & Switzerland choosing to postpone […]
          The CEU Leaves – Hungarian Students are Left in the Lurch      Cache   Translate Page      
For 27 years Central European University has operated in Hungary’s capital. That era has come to an end. The forced move of the CEU to Vienna signals to Hungarians and other citizens in illiberal democracies that vulnerability is their future. They are left to the wayside by the international community, abandoned by the European Union, and left questioning who will ever defend liberal-democratic values in practice.
          No News Is Bad News for Hungary      Cache   Translate Page      
The autocrat Viktor Orban has taken control of much of the country’s media.
          12/2/2018: THE WORLD: After efforts to charm Hungary’s Orban, U.S. fails to save American school      Cache   Translate Page      
budapest — The future of a revered American university was on the line, and President Trump’s ambassador came to Hungary on a mission to save it. When David B. Cornstein arrived in Budapest last summer, Central European University faced an imminent...
          Miss Intercontinental 2018 - Contestants      Cache   Translate Page      
Hola....
Yari na isab nag patai in 46 tao kontestants mag agaw sin crown sin Miss Intercontinental 2018 amun pa aunun ha hula Philippines. Good luck ladys...

Bandera de Albania Albania - Amela Kadiu

Flag of Australia.svg Australia - Mikaela Nanm Flowetr 

Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire -  Vera Ghazzouli

Flag of Brazil.svg Brasil - Flávia Polido

Flag of Canada.svg Canada - Alice Li

Flag of Chile.png Chile - Gresly Isabel Rios Muñoz

Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia - Hillary Hollmann Del Prado

Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba - Cynthia Linnet Lau 

Bandera de Curazao Curacao - Tiffany De Freitas 

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic - Veronika Volkeova

Bandera de República Dominicana Dominican Republic - Wilma Antoniazzi

Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador - Nina Suleyka Solórzano Caicedo

Bandera de El Salvador El Salvador - Metzi Gabriela Solano

Bandera de Inglaterra England - Sarah Davies

Bandera de Etiopía Ethiopia - Bella Matwabse Liree

Bandera de Georgia Georgia - Gvantsa Minashvili

Flag of Germany.svg Germany - Olivia Möller

Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala - Yasmin Alvarado

Bandera de Honduras Honduras - Marianela Romero

Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary -  Gréta Muszka

Flag of India.svg India - Suman Chellani 

Bandera de Indonesia Indonesia - Aluna Rifani

Bandera de Jamaica Jamaica - Kayla Smith

Bandera de Japón Japan - Akari Maeda

Bandera de Corea del Sur Korea - Kim Seo Hee

Bandera de Malasia Malaysia - Liew Zi Ling

Bandera de Birmania Myanmar -  Nang Mway Phoung

Bandera de Namibia Namibia - Varaakuani Unonge Kutako

Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands - Michelle Van Sonsbeek

Bandera de Nueva Zelanda New Zealand - Alysson Ward

Bandera de Irlanda del Norte Northern Ireland - Cara Hunter

Flag of Panama.svg Panama - Arleen Paulina Luzowsky 

Bandera de Filipinas Philippines - Karen Juanita Gallman

Flag of Poland.svg Poland -  Angelika Duszczyk

Bandera de Puerto Rico Puerto Rico - Yanelie Santiago

Flag of Romania.svg Romania - Denisse Zifkov 

Bandera de Escocia Scotland - Laura MacMillan

Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa - Margo Kimberly Fargo

Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand - Aink Ingcahnok 

Flag of the United States.svg USA - Marianny Egurrola Daza

Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela - Gina Alessandra Paula Bitorzoli Pinto 

Bandera de Gales Wales - Joey Staerkle
 



Final Night : 29 January 2019 

          The double standards applied to academic freedom      Cache   Translate Page      

The political right is not only cracking down on academic freedoms, but has started simultaneously to become a fierce advocate of an aggressively anti-intellectual freedom of speech.

The embattled Central European University in Budapest, November 24, 2018. Omar Marques/Press Asociation. All rights reserved.

The Central European University (CEU) will move their main campus to Vienna. It has appeared inevitable for a while now due to a crackdown and targeting by Hungary’s far-right prime minister, Viktor Orbán. Yet, the significance and repercussions of this fact are profound and remind us that academic freedom is not only under attack in places far away from home. My own area of interest, gender studies, has been particularly targeted not only in Hungary but more widely in anti-gender studies movements and lobbies, including in Germany where we have also seen the rise of the extreme right.

Until quite recently, academic freedom, or rather the absence thereof, was something other people had to struggle with. Based in London, where I have been working at what is probably the most radical and progressive institution of higher education within the UK, I generally felt privileged and confident in my academic freedom. Meanwhile, I was acutely aware that colleagues elsewhere, mainly those researching and teaching in the Middle East, but also academics working in Middle East Studies in the US, were challenged by many different forms of encroachment on and violations of their academic freedom. 

In some extreme cases, such as those of my colleagues, friends and family in Iraq during the Ba‘th regime, it was not merely a matter of working in the context of severe censorship and political pressure, but Iraqi academics actually endured a struggle to stay out of prison cells, or even worse, to avoid execution. All these years, I assumed that my role was to be that of expressing solidarity, raising consciousness about the plight of my colleagues, and facilitating refuge. More recently, we have seen those extreme pressures reach the UK in the case of Matthew Hedges, imprisoned for over 6 months in the UAE, accused of being a British spy. And the devastating case of Cambridge PhD student Giulio Regeni, brutally murdered in Egypt, that still haunts many of us.

Instrumentalised

Nowadays, however, academic freedom has become a real issue within British higher education in general, as well as within SOAS, University of London, the institution I have been attached to for the past 11 years. Academic freedom is acutely under threat, and violated, but also instrumentalised and twisted in a most bizarre manner. 

Certainly, the consequences and symptoms of these encroachments and manipulations are not comparable to what colleagues are enduring in the worst-offending places, for example, to what we have been witnessing in Turkey under Erdoğan in recent years.

Yet, it is important to recognise that something significant has shifted and has affected our understandings of and debates about academic freedom in the UK. 

This shift within British higher education relates to wider changes within the political landscape in Britain and more broadly in western contexts. It is characterised by the securitization of migration, borders and ideas, the growth of racism, Islamophobia, and wider xenophobia as well as the broader increase and normalization of right wing voices, organizations and movements.

The ‘Prevent Duty’

More specifically, research, teaching, publications and academic debate in the UK have increasingly been under scrutiny and restricted due to the introduction in 2015 of what has been called  ‘the Prevent Duty’, a set of rules and guidelines that are part of wider anti-terrorism legislation. 

Prevent contains a duty on specified authorities including universities to have ‘due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism’ (Home Office, 2015). Allison Scott-Bauman, Professor of Society and Belief at SOAS has studied how the Prevent Duty has been interpreted and applied at various universities. In her view and that of her co-author Hugh Tomlinson, the 2015 anti-terrorism act is unclear and potentially misleading:

Broad definitions of extremism seem to be linked to equally imprecise definitions of “terrorism”, “non-violent extremism”, “radicalisation” and “fundamental British values”. These definitions could be understood to mean that people who are, for example, critical of British foreign policy, are at risk of radicalisation and to suggest that academics and students accustomed to expressing personal views at university would need to be warned of the risks of discussing certain issues. But this is not correct, and universities should not let the imprecise and unclear language of the guidance draw them into placing unlawful restrictions on academic freedom and freedom of speech. (Scott-Baumann and Tomlinson, 2017).

The University College Union (UCU), a large union of academics and professional staff working in higher education in the UK passed a statement in 2015 setting out several objections to the Prevent Duty (UCU, 2015): [it] seriously threatens academic freedom and freedom of speech; the broad definition of terrorism will stifle campus activism; the intention to force union members to be involved in the racist labelling of students is unacceptable; the Prevent Agenda will force union members to spy on  learners, is discriminatory towards Muslims, and legitimises Islamophobia and xenophobia, encouraging racist views to be publicised and normalised within society; the monitoring of Muslim students will destroy the trust needed for a safe and supportive learning environment and encourage discrimination against BME and Muslim staff and students; and the Prevent agenda will help racist parties such as UKIP to flourish.

The Prevent Duty is generally only applied in relation to speakers and events linked to Islam and Palestine-related speakers, with the latter more specifically those supporting the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement (BDS) against Israel. Right wing speakers and organizations promoting nationalist sentiments and policies, racism, Islamophobia as well as homophobia and transphobia not only seem to be excluded from the idea of spreading extremist ideas, but are ironically protected by the current government. 

In this wider context, SOAS has been particularly singled out within the media and by think tanks of a specific political persuasion. The right wing Henry Jackson Society, for example, issued a report in 2017 listing all universities who were supposedly in breach of the Prevent Duty for hosting extremist speakers. SOAS allegedly hosted more extremist speakers than any other university in the UK. However, when examining the 14 events that took place at SOAS in 2016/2017 listed in the report, many refer to prayer meetings, events organised by the Islamic Society or discussions around Palestine (Black, 2017). While most events were hosted by a student group working under the auspices of the student union, some events, especially those linked to Palestine-related issues have been organised by academics.

So far, it needs to be stressed, that the violations of academic freedom which have ensued at universities in the UK and which have mainly involved the cancellation of events or imposition of control over their format, as well as instances of censorship in terms of content – have mainly emerged due to university management giving in to pressure from political lobbying groups or the media, as opposed to overt pressure exerted by the government.

The ‘neutral chair’: a Troll’s charter

A number of incidents together illustrate how academic freedom has been concretely under threat in the UK. Aside from cancelling meetings deemed to be too contentious and provocative, university managements have replaced panel chairs shortly before ‘controversial’ meetings. The two most high profile cases, at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and University of Cambridge took place in November 2017 in relation to panels about Palestinian Rights, the BDS movement, and transnational solidarity. In both instances, the original chairs were deposed at the last minute by university management who gave in to external pressure. At LSE, management tried to implement the following guidelines: "At controversial events it is not prudent to have someone in the chair whose own views mean they may not be seen as a neutral chairperson"(Letter by LSE Academics, 2018). The university’s advice was strongly challenged by a group of LSE academics who signed a letter and started a campaign to counter its recommendations.

One professor of Middle East history and politics, John Chalcraft, who has been involved in a successful campaign to challenge the university’s policy, put it the following way:

"To impose a Chair is very problematic in terms of freedom of speech, as it makes the beliefs and views of this or that academic a basis for determining the allocation of academic positions. It chills academic freedom on campus because it reduces the pool of available Chairs, and signals that certain views are beyond the pale and must be policed. It defines controversy and neutrality in simplistic, conventional terms, a particularly egregious error at a research university, which exists to question the received wisdom. There is a serious issue over equality and diversity, given that School-imposed Chairs are more likely to be white, senior, and male. Above all, to depose a Chair is to signal to academic staff and to the wider world, that certain academics, thanks to their beliefs, are not competent to discharge basic academic functions. If academics cannot observe due process in the Chair, then how can they mark exams or teach subjects that are deemed ‘controversial’? Far from protecting academics, these guidelines expose them to internal and external interrogations of their beliefs and views. It is in the words of one academic, a ‘troll’s charter’. So far there is little or no evidence that a neutral Chair has ever been imposed on a pro-Israeli event, or indeed, any event that was not concerned with Palestinian rights. On the other hand, the guidelines could be used, in principle, against any academic or event. As one worried academic said to me: ‘I am German, does that mean I cannot Chair a Brexit debate?" (Chalcraft, 2018)

Unsurprisingly, both academics who were deposed as chairs by management were women of an ethnic minority background.  They were replaced by senior white male academics. The LSE female academic was of Turkish background but perceived to be unfit to chair neutrally due to her signing BDS statements. In the case of the University of Cambridge replacing a SOAS academic, her Palestinian heritage appeared to have contributed to the university’s decision, in addition to her support of BDS. 

An open letter signed by hundreds of academics criticised the decision by Cambridge University management, pointing out that much of the correspondence opposing the event and leading to the decision to replace the chair had originated in a well-known pro-Israel lobby group. The lobby group objected to the high profile panellists, including Palestinian activist Omar Barghouti and former President of the National Student Union, Malia Bouattia, the first black and Muslim woman to be in this role.

Following the campaign objecting to the university’s decision, which involved not only an open letter but also a complaint sent by my SOAS colleague herself as well as supporting letters from senior colleagues at SOAS, the University of Cambridge’s management finally issued an apology, acknowledging that there was no evidence that her chairing would not have ensured a democratic debate (Mandhai, 2018).

Knee-jerk reactions

Both the University of Cambridge and LSE appear to have made a U-turn in response to pushback from academics. With reference to the successful campaign by LSE academics to challenge managements’ initial guidelines stressing the importance of ‘the neutral Chair’, Chalcraft states: "The new Code advances academic freedom here by removing the link between competence to Chair and beliefs and views. The School can no longer replace the Chair of an Event on the basis of the Chair’s beliefs. The School has accepted, and declared itself persuaded, by our core argument that the existing local regulations chill freedom of speech. It has changed the Code accordingly."

Chalcraft stresses that collective action and concerted efforts allowed for the successful overturning of the university’s initial position and guidance. The new code, he states, is in line with ‘the new Higher Education and Research Act 2017, which establishes, among other things, e.g. at  14 (7) that staff are free to "question and test received wisdom, and . . . to put forward new ideas and controversial or unpopular opinions, without placing themselves in jeopardy of losing their jobs or privileges they may have at the provider."

Academics in the UK are struggling to retain their academic freedom against outside pressures, mainly linked to right wing Islamophobic but also extreme pro-Israel lobbies. It has become apparent that collective action within institutions, but also national and transnational lobbying, can be successful in reversing what appear to be knee-jerk reactions by university managements.

Meanwhile, the conservative government, particularly the Minister for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation, has taken it upon itself to make academic freedom central to their policy and rhetoric. However, perhaps predictably, the Minister and other conservative politicians have not been concerned about the potential impact of the Prevent Duty and right wing pressures on academics and students, but are worried about free speech being curtailed by ‘no platforming’ pressures at universities.

Twisted defence of academic freedom

In a most recent twist of the government’s mission to defend academic freedom in British universities, the former Minister of Universities Sam Gyimah, condemned students and academics at Oxford who protested when a portrait of Theresa May, the Prime Minister of the UK was added to an exhibition within the School of Geography and the Environment intended to inspire the next generation of female geographers (Weale and Elgot, 2018).

Students and staff appear to have been incensed by the lack of consultation and questioned the appropriateness of including the portrait of May. As Prime Minister of a conservative government that has been instrumental in implementing severe cuts to higher education, is promoting immigration control and a fear-mongering discourse around refugees and asylum seekers, while leading a party set on Brexit, May has become an extremely controversial figure. Yet, the Minister of Universities used the protest as another occasion to criticise ‘no platforming’ voices, agendas and movements at universities.

In 2017, his predecessor, Jo Johnson, brother of Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, threatened to hit universities who were banning homophobic or transphobic speakers with fines and sanctions. In an interview with Pink News, an LGBT+ newspaper, he stated that universities which fail to comply “could be fined, suspended or ultimately deregistered” by the newly established Office for Students (Duffy, 2017). He further claimed that these new rules are needed “to protect freedom of speech” (ibid).

Following in Johnson’s footsteps, Sam Gyimah, announced a year later that  “When there are so many different interpretations of the rules, there is the risk that legal free speech will be stifled, either by well-intentioned but jittery managers, or by ill-intentioned wreckers” (Duffy, 2018). He continued stating: “A society in which people feel they have a legitimate right to stop someone expressing their views on campus simply because they are unfashionable or unpopular is rather chilling." (ibid).

At face value, one might agree with his assessment that “there is a risk that overzealous interpretation of a dizzying variety of rules is acting as a brake on legal free speech on campus" (ibid). However, his enthusiasm for free speech is never linked to defending events that have been cancelled or subject to ‘neutral chair’ measures because of their perceived controversy in relation to Palestine/Israel. Nor does he seem to be defending Muslim students organizing prayer meetings or lecturers. Meanwhile, LGBTQ activists are concerned that the Minister’s attitude and future rulings, might enable speakers with homophobic and transphobic views to gain ground and platforms.

While gender studies as a discipline has not been under attack in the UK as it has been in Hungary and elsewhere, it is apparent that conservative and heteronormative understandings of gender and sexuality are also key to right wing discourses and policies in the UK as well. We see extreme versions of the centrality of ultra conservative gender constructions in the way the Hungarian government, similar to many governments in the Middle East, try to replace gender politics with politics that revolve around the heterosexual family.  

Hate speech

Aside from the government’s inconsistent approach to freedom of speech, there is clearly a tension between the idea of freedom of speech as an absolute right and principle and the notion of hate speech. Although I have to admit that I see these distinctions as complex and blurry. 

Personally, I worry about the growing tendency amongst students to demand safe spaces, given the grey zone between ‘hate speech’ and ‘listening to views you do not share’. In my view, an important element of education is pushing students out of their comfort zones and challenging established views. I share Joan Scott’s concerns, which emerged in the context of higher education in the US but, which are also highly relevant in the UK. Scott bemoans:

"the moralism that is apparent  in some courses and some student activism, the calls for “trigger warnings,” the insistence on the authority of their experiences by those whose minority status has silenced or marginalized them – who look to “safe spaces” as a way to gain traction in an otherwise hostile or neglectful institutional and social environment, who erupt in protests that are sometimes ill-considered violations of the rights they need to respect and protect." (Scott, 2017).

While I share her concerns and view them as problematic, they do not justify the growing call by right wing constituencies to protect their freedom of speech. And here emerges a clear paradox and contradiction: the British government is critical of new generations of students being sensitive "snowflakes" "that should face reality and toughen up"; at the same time, the very same students "must be protected from radical ideas on campus." (Perfect and Scott-Bauman, 2017).

Meanwhile, research carried out by Scoot-Bauman and her team on higher education in the UK shows that:

"the real risks to free speech come, not from the ‘snowflake generation’, but from government-originated initiatives. Specific pressure is applied to Muslim student groups and those interested in the Middle East. Our on-going research appears to show that students and staff, Muslim and non-Muslim, are already self-censoring their discussions and activities as a result." (Perfect & Scott-Bauman 2017).

Vile pressures

The complex problems and challenges we are facing in higher education in the UK and elsewhere, I would argue, force us to think about academic freedom in a more nuanced manner. Despite the blurriness, I would want to stress the difference between freedom of speech and academic freedom. Joan Scott provides a helpful distinction between freedom of speech, ‘the right to express one’s ideas, however true or false they may be’ and academic freedom ‘a protection of faculty rights based on disciplinary competence’ (Scott, 2017). In the context of US higher education, Scott further states:

"These days the Right’s reference to free speech sweeps away the guarantees of academic freedom, dismissing as so many violations of the constitution the thoughtful, critical articulation of ideas, the demonstration of proof based on rigorous examination of evidence, the distinction between true and false, between careful and sloppy work, the exercise of reasoned judgment. Their free speech means the right to one’s opinion, however unfounded, however ungrounded, and it extends to every venue, every institution. That may be why freedom is the principle invoked so forcefully on the Right these days – freedom in the sense of the absence of any restraint. From this perspective, the bad boys can say anything they want, however vile and hateful." (Scott, 2017)

The depiction of this specific situation, although clearly articulated in the context of the US, has many parallels with the growing encroachment and pressures by right wing politicians, media and think tanks in the UK. So far, the pressures in the UK have not been as ferocious and vile as in the US where the wider political divide seems to be even more extreme than in post-Brexit referendum Britain. Yet, Scott’s words above feel all too familiar.

Leaving London

As I ponder my imminent move to leave London after 24 years to take up a position in the US, I am anxious about ideologically motivated and often rather polemic attacks on universities and academics. According to US Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, all university faculty, “from adjunct professors to deans,” are guilty of brainwashing college students. In a speech given at the Conservative Political Action Conference, DeVos accused academics of tainting students with “liberal ideology” (Jaschick 2017). While in my current world ‘liberal ideology” would be a derogatory term referring to conservative capitalist ideas, in DeVos’ and that of her government’s discursive horizon, ‘liberal’ seems to signify radical unpatriotic thinking. Yet, despite the attack on universities by the Trump administration, I take comfort in the fact that so many of my colleagues in the US have been at the forefront of speaking truth to power.  

Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, which will be my new academic home, is also an excellent example to illustrate that academic freedom should not simply be equated with academic autonomy, although autonomy is, of course, a principle we have to defend. Trying to educate myself about our foremothers who fought for gender-based equality in academia, I am reminded of the struggle of Louise Lamphere, the professor who when denied tenure in the anthropology department at Brown in 1974, jointly with three other female colleagues, took the university to court. In an out of court settlement, the department was forced to reverse its decision not to grant Lamphere tenure, despite its argument that the decision was based on the department’s autonomy as a basic tenant of academic freedom (Porwancher, 2013).

The out of court settlement established that transparency and the principle of equality were more important than the principle of autonomy.

As we are joined in the struggle for academic freedom in different political and national contexts, we will have to negotiate the very principles that inform our respective conceptualizations and possibly recognise that there might be tensions and ambivalences in what we view as priorities. 

Concluding reflections

I grew up in Germany where I learnt very early on that following government orders, blind obedience and silence might actually mean complicity in crime and can lead to terrible atrocities. Very early on I learnt that it was important to develop an independent moral compass and to follow ethical principles rooted in the respect for human dignity rather than the rules of an authoritarian regime.

So I was very happy and moved to see that over a thousand Turkish academics were courageous enough to sign a petition in January 2016 in order to distance themselves from the atrocities and crimes against the Kurdish population, particularly in south-eastern Turkey. Since then, academics in Turkey have paid a very high price for speaking out, and for daring to challenge the authoritarian regime.

All over the world, it has been the role of intellectuals, educators and researchers to speak truth to power and not to be silent when injustice happens. Academic freedom has been integral to the development of the social sciences and the humanities historically and globally. Whenever academic freedom has been under threat, we know that a country is in big trouble: the attack on academic freedom has previously meant that a regime is failing to convince its thinkers with rational arguments as it needs to use coercive measures to maintain control.

I knew this not only from my history teachers and readings about Nazi Germany, but while growing up and becoming educated in a relatively free environment, I became acutely aware of the severe restrictions on both freedom of speech and academic freedom posed on researchers, teachers, writers and intellectuals in Iraq during the Ba‘th regime.

During my graduate studies in Cairo in the 90s, I also learnt, for the first time, about the complicity of a university management that has given in to external pressures and calls for censorship instead of defending the academic freedom of their staff and students. This became apparent when a colleague and friend of mine was forced to change his reading list at the American University in Cairo after a student, whose father had an important position in the military, complained about the content of some readings being un-Islamic. Instead of defending my friend’s choice of readings, the university management caved in and asked him to change the reading list while withdrawing copies of the book from the library.

Historically, a regime lost legitimacy, respect and credibility, not only in the eyes of its own critical and thoughtful population, but also in the eyes of the global critical mass of people believing in democracy, justice and human rights. These days, however, the rules of engagement appear to have changed drastically. Across the globe, rationality and logic, however broad the political spectrum they were on previously, are being challenged by populism, fake news and so-called alternative facts. In this new age where social media insidiously threatens to eradicate our freedom of mind, and where polarised positions are fostered in ghettoised ideological bubbles, the principle of academic freedom is contested and manipulated to different political ends.

All of a sudden, the political right is not only cracking down on academic freedoms in different contexts, but has started simultaneously to become a fierce advocate of freedom of speech, thereby not only engaging in aggressive anti-intellectualism but also giving space and platforms to ideas and practices that are counter to principles of equality and justice.

References

Black, Richard (2017) ‘Extreme Speakers and Events: In the 2016 2017 Academic Year’,

Chalcraft, John (2018) ‘On ‘Neutral’ Chairs’, in BRICUP Newsletter 119, March 2018. 

Duffy, Nick (2017) Universities must allow anti-transgender speakers, in Pink News, 19 October 2017.

Higher Education and Research Act 2017.

Jaschick, Scott. 2017. “DeVos vs. the Faculty.” Inside Higher Education, February 24.

Letter by LSE Academics (2018) 20 February 2018

Mandhai Shafik (2018) 'Cambridge apologises for blocking Palestinian from chairing talk’, Al Jazeera News, 6 March 2018.

Perfect, Simon and Allison Scott-Bauman (2017) ‘An anatomy of judgement: how do snowflakes think?’,

Porwancher, Andrew (2013) Prying the gates wide open: academic freedom and gender equality at Brown University, 1974–1977, Paedagogica Historica, 49:2, 273-292.

Scott, Joan (2017) “On Free Speech and Academic Freedom’, in Journal of Academic Freedom, Vol. 8, 2017.

Scott-Baumann, Allison and Hugh Tomlinson (2017) “Cultural Cold Wars: The risk of anti-‘extremism’ policy for academic freedom of expression’, Inform’s Blog: The International Forum for Responsible Media Blog.

UCU (2015) ‘The prevent duty guidance for branches’. December 2015.

Weale, Sally and Jessica Elgot (2018) ‘Hung, withdrawn, and re-quartered: May portrait in Oxford row’, in The Guardian, 8 May 2018

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          University Founded by George Soros Gets Booted Out of the Country      Cache   Translate Page      

A university located in Hungary and founded by leftist and open borders advocate George Soros was just given the boot, the Los Angeles Times is reporting: Central European University said Monday it will move its U.S.-accredited degree programs from the Hungarian capital of Budapest to Vienna in September, as Hungary’s government is refusing to sign…

The post University Founded by George Soros Gets Booted Out of the Country appeared first on The Federalist Papers.


          Europe Forecast: Showery eastern Mediterranean - Unsettled northern Europe, Dec 05 - 10:13      Cache   Translate Page      

Cool and showery eastern Mediterranean, unsettled northern Europe Wednesday Fair for most of Portugal and Spain on Wednesday. Plenty of sunshine but some morning mist and fog patches too. Fine for the Balearics, Corsica and Sardinia with lots of sunshine and dry weather too. Remaining dry in Italy although foggy at first, especially in the north. Cool in Greece with sunny spells, some wintry showers in Turkey. Rain and wind in central and northern France, fair to the south with sunny spells. More rain and cloud in the Low Countries and much of Germany, but mild. Poland should be dry with sunny spells. Dry in Austria and Hungary as well as Switzerland. Increasing cloud bringing wind and rain in the afternoon to Denmark. Rain in southern Sweden but dry for most of the country. The Baltic States will be fair, although soe snow later. Breezy with snow in Finland. air in southern Norway but snow in central and northern areas.

Thursday Another fine day in Iberia with plenty of sunshine and dry weather, although there could be some fog early in the morning in sheltered areas. Staying fair in the balearics, Corsica and Sardinia as well as Italy. Fair for Greece with lots of sunshine. Chilly and breezy in Greece with some showers in the eastern mediterranean and eastern Turkey. Cloud and patchy rain in the far north of France. Cloud and rain in the Low Countries and northern germany as well as much of Poland. Windy in these areas too. The south of France will be brighter with sunny spells. Some broken cloud in Switzerland with showers. Mainly dry in Austria with cloud and patchy rain in Hungary. Cloud and outbreaks of rain in Denmark. Breezy with cloud and some patchy rain in the baltic States. Breezy and rather cloud in Finland although windy with snow in the north. Cloud and rain affecting southern Norway, with some snow showers to the north.


          Minden idők legtüzesebb chilis receptjei - Jelenlegi ára: 3 000 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Minden idők legtüzesebb chilis receptjei című könyv.
Egmont-Hungary Kiadó, 2010.
Keménykötés.
Újszerű állapotú antikvár könyv.
Személyes átvétel Budapesten a XIII. kerületben, a Pannónia utcában lehetséges.
Ajánlott levélként előre utalás után, a mindenkori postai díjszabás alapján.
A bolt nyitvatartási idejében, hétfőtől péntekig 11-21, szombaton 9-16 óráig.
Ajánlott levélként, csomagként előre utalás után, a mindenkori postai díjszabás alapján. Foxposttal nem postázunk!
Minden idők legtüzesebb chilis receptjei
Jelenlegi ára: 3 000 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-05 23:03
          BUDAPEST, Hungary | Hungary exempts pro-govt media firm from competition rules      Cache   Translate Page      
BUDAPEST, Hungary | Hungary exempts pro-govt media firm from competition rules

BUDAPEST, Hungary  — The creation in Hungary of a giant, pro-government media conglomerate will not have to be scrutinized by media or competition authorities.

An order signed by Prime Minister Viktor Orban and published Wednesday in the official bulletin calls the merger affecting hundreds of broadcast, online and print publications of “national strategic importance in the public interest,” exempting it from competition rules.

Last week, 10 companies donated media outlets to a foundation which, by some counts, will control nearly 480 publications and whose operations will be run by Gabor Liszkay, a publisher known for his loyalty to Orban.

Continue reading BUDAPEST, Hungary | Hungary exempts pro-govt media firm from competition rules at STL.News.


          HARCSA , Julius (Jules)      Cache   Translate Page      

December 11, 1945 – Neszmely, Hungary December 3, 2018 – Calgary, Alberta Jules beloved husband of Eva Harcsa of Calgary, AB, passed away on Monday, December 3, 2018 at the age of 72 years. Condolences may be forwarded through www.mcinnisandholloway.com. Announcements later by McINNIS & HOLLOWAY FUNERAL HOMES. In living memory of Julius Harcsa a […]

The post HARCSA , Julius (Jules) appeared first on McInnis & Holloway Funeral Homes & Cremation Services | Calgary Alberta.


          Midday open thread. WHO says climate action could save million lives; Paradise residents can go home      Cache   Translate Page      

Today’s comic by Matt Bors is Undoing Obama's legacy

Cartoon by Matt Bors

At COP24 talks in Poland, World Health Organization says in report that climate action now could save a million lives by 2050:

“The Paris Agreement is potentially the strongest health agreement of this century,” said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO.  The report shows that the economic benefits of improved health would be twice as high as the economic cost of mitigating global warming, and fighting air pollution. The return on investment is even higher in countries key to tackling global emissions, such as China and India.

Exposure to air pollution causes 7 million deaths worldwide every year and costs an estimated US$ 5.11 trillion in welfare losses globally. In the 15 countries that have the highest greenhouse gas emissions, the health impacts of air pollution are estimated to cost more than 4 per cent of GDP. By contrast, actions to meet the Paris commitment of keeping warming to below 2 degrees Celsius, would cost around 1 per cent of global GDP, said WHO.

Newspaper sues to get employer to stop paying deadbeat Blake Farenthold his salary: The former representative from Texas abruptly quit Congress in April, having promised to repay the $84,000 in taxpayer money that he spent to settle a sexual harassment complaint. He never has fulfilled that pledge. In May, the Calhoun Port Authority in Port Lavaca hired him as a lobbyist for an annual $160,000 salary. The Victoria Advocate, a Texas newspaper, has sued for what it says was a violation of the state’s open records law. It claims the authority hired Farenthold without public notice. The suit calls for temporarily cutting off Farenthold’s paycheck until the case is resolved.

• Open enrollment in the Affordable Care Act ends in most states on December 15: If you’ve been delaying, there are just 10 days left if you need insurance! Free help is available. Answers to your questions about signing up and trained professionals who can talk your through your options are just a phone call or click away. Call 1-800-318-2596 or visit localhelp.healthcare.gov to make a one-on-one appointment now.

• Senate Committee on Indian Affairs will hold hearing on missing and murdered American Indians December 12

Advocates have been calling attention to the issue for years. But little has been done on the national level to find out why Native people of all ages, genders and backgrounds seem to go missing and murdered on a regular basis.

"It doesn’t matter if you are living on a reservation, in a village, or in an urban area, many of the same historical and institutional problems that have led to the appalling MMIWG rates remain," Esther Lucero, the CEO of the Seattle Indian Health Board, said upon the release of a groundbreaking report last month that looked into missing and murdered indigenous women and girls (MMIWG) in urban areas.

MIDDAY TWEET

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“Fox and Friends” weekend co-host labels CNN’s Don Lemon a “moron”: Pete Hegseth bellyached about being “forced” to watch CNN at an airport Tuesday evening and tweeted that the CNN anchor is a “moron” who spews “liberal orthodoxy.” Hegseth, a combat veteran of Iraq, became executive director of Vets for Freedom, a conservative organization that has in the past called for more U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. He was also for a time executive director of Concerned Veterans of America, a lobbying group funded by the billionaire Koch brothers that advocated for further privatization of the Department of Veteran Affairs. Hegseth was briefly considered to run the department, but he was dropped after extramarital affairs with co-workers and ethical violations at CVA came to light, spurring major veterans groups to object to his being appointed.

Some residents of the burned-out city of Paradise, Calif., have been told they can return home. The rest will be allowed to return Thursday. More than 14,000 buildings in Paradise and two smaller neighboring communities were destroyed and at least 85 people killed in the worst wildfire in California history. Eleven people are still missing.

EU Court slams Hungary’s law on libelous links:

The European Court of Human Rights blasted Hungarian courts on Tuesday for upholding a libel verdict against a news outlet whose only “crime” was linking to a YouTube video inside a news story. [...]

The court noted hyperlinks in news reporting only direct readers to potentially related content available on the internet and are not usually presented as a factual part of the news story in which they’re placed.

On today’s Kagro in the Morning show, WI & MI Gop's assault on democracy continues, and NC wants back in. GHWB funeral keeps Trump mostly quiet. Flynn sentencing memo drops. Epstein settles. Saud family feud story concludes. Stakeholder vs. shareholder debate reemerges for 2020.

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          Here's why major countries are shunning the UN compact on migration      Cache   Translate Page      
What do you do if you're a supranational behemoth with a multi-billion dollar budget coupled with a vast number of subsidiary entities that focus on migration? If you're the U.N., you publish the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and seek to set up more supranational government entities to duplicate the work you're already doing, at a gargantuan cost to (mostly Western) taxpayers. The report - a subject of consternation around the world, and wisely nixed by President Trump in 2017 - is due to be signed in Marrakech on December 11. But if the latest nations to object - Italy, Austria, Hungary and Poland - have anything to say about it, the document may end up in the shredders of the U.N.'s headquarters in New York. Speaking of the agreement in late 2017, then U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley stated, "Our decisions on immigration policies must always be made by Americans and Americans alone ... The global approach in the New York Declaration is...
          Az ókor nagyjai - Castiglione László - Jelenlegi ára: 540 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Az ókor nagyjai - Castiglione László
Kiadó: Akadémia Kiadó, Budapest
Kiadás éve: 1982
Kiadás helye: Budapest
Kiadás: 4. változatlan
Nyomda: Printed in Hungary
ISBN: 9630530279
Kötés típusa:: egészvászon kiadói borítóban
Terjedelem: 441 oldal
Nyelv: magyar
Méret: Szélesség: 17. 00cm, Magasság: 24. 00cm
Súly: 1. 00kg
Állapot: Jó
Internetes könyváruházon keresztül fogjuk a kosárba rakott tételével kiszolgálni. Mivel a Vatera felületén csak szállítási módot tud kiválasztani, de konkrét helyszínt nem tud megjelölni, ezért szükséges, hogy pontosítsuk ezt.  Ezért körülbelül 20 perccel a rendelés leadását követően kapni fog egy e-mait tőlünk, amely tartalmaz egy linket.  Ha erre a linkre kattint, beállíthatja a szállítás pontos módját, helyszínét, illetve a fizetési módot. Ha nem találja a levelet, kérjük, nézze meg a SPAM mappájában is.  Ha sehol nem találja, kérjük lépjen kapcsolatba az eladóval! Vásárlás után kérjük, hogy bármilyen probléma esetén az e-mailben küldött címen vagy telefonon lépjen velünk kapcsolatba! Átvételi módok: Ingyenes, személyes átvételi lehetőség: Budapest V. kerületHázhozszállítás GLS futárszolgálattal:  Feladandó könyvek értéke - Szállítási díj0-3. 990 Ft - 890 Ft4. 000-7. 999 Ft - 690 Ft8. 000 Ft felett - ingyenesÁtvétel PickPackPont-ban: Feladandó könyvek értéke - Szállítási díj0-3. 990 Ft - 690 Ft4. 000-7. 999 Ft - 550 Ft8. 000 Ft felett - ingyenesFizetés: - Készpénzben átvételkor- PayPal rendelés véglegesítéskor- OTP online fizetés rendelés véglegesítéskor
[(**21722599**)]
Az ókor nagyjai - Castiglione László
Jelenlegi ára: 540 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-12-26 23:00
          Two Roads for the New French Right      Cache   Translate Page      
Something new is happening on the European right, and it involves more than xenophobic populist outbursts. Ideas are being developed, and transnational networks for disseminating them are being established. Journalists have treated as a mere vanity project Steve Bannon’s efforts to bring European populist parties and thinkers together under the umbrella of what he calls The Movement. But his instincts, as in American politics, are in tune with the times. (Indeed, one month after Marion’s appearance at CPAC, Bannon addressed the annual convention of the National Front.) In countries as diverse as France, Poland, Hungary, Austria, Germany, and Italy, efforts are underway to develop a coherent ideology that would mobilize Europeans angry about immigration, economic dislocation, the European Union, and social liberalization, and then use that ideology to govern. Now is the time to start paying attention to the ideas of what seems to be an evolving right-wing Popular Front. France is a good place to start.
          Hungary : CCOO se solidariza con los trabajadores húngaros en una nueva vuelta de tuerca de Orbán      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: CCOO
           Reconstruction of Historic Town Hall of Buda / Hetedik Muterem       Cache   Translate Page      

The old Town Hall of Buda is one of Hungary's most important monuments. It is significant because the magistracy of the Hungarian capital operated here from 1688 (the end of 150 years of Turkish rule) until the late 19th century, and it is also unique because of the layering of its construction history both in time and space. The conglomerate of constructions consisting of several civilian buildings from the 13-14th century was formed during the 18th century in several periods to one unified, representative building reflecting Baroque architecture. In the middle ages, there were probably five smaller houses in place of today’s building, the fragments of which are preserved in the cellars and ground floor walls.


          Rendszerváltás – Magyar Demokrata Fórum      Cache   Translate Page      
Hungary had been many things in the 20th century; originally part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, it lost immense territory in the Treaty of Trianon, but remained a nominal Kingdom, ruled in an interregnum by Admiral Miklos Horthy. Hungarian policy moved


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