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          Revealed: Where to Dive with Manta Rays      Cache   Translate Page      
From Indonesia to Mozambique - where to see reef or giant manta rays
          Anthropology from Portugal, on Portugal and beyond Portugal: racialized relations and representations, Nov 13      Cache   Translate Page      
Paula Mota Santos will speak about "Slavery as dark heritage in Post-colonial Portugal". The Lagos, Southern Portugal slavery exhibition is only the second European-located museum space dedicated to the transatlantic slave trade, and one institutionally linked to UNESCO’s Slave Route program. I will carry out an analysis of the images, texts and forms of display of the Lagos exhibition will be presented and cross-referenced to the way slavery is displayed in the NMAAHC in Washington DC. The recently approved project of a slavery memorial in Lisbon as well as the fate of the remains of 15th century slaves found in Lagos will also be discussed.

Paula Mota Santos (UCL, UK 2004) is an anthropologist who focus her research interests in the relation between social identity and space. She as published on heritage, tourism, migration and urban horticultural communities. She has an interest in visual representation and has published on film, photography and on theme parks whose theme is the nation.

Cristiana Bastos will speak about "Portuguese in the cane: the racialization of labor in Hawaiian plantations". Based on her current project “The Colour of Labour”, she will discuss the relationship between the roles in the production system and the production of racialized social categories. She will refer to Hawaiian plantations labor and analyse the category “Portuguese.”

Cristiana Bastos (CUNY 1996) is an anthropologist with cross disciplinary incursions into history, history of science, public health and the intersections of migration and colonialism. She is currently leading the multi-track project The Colour of Labour – the racialized lives of migrants, funded by the European Research Council, with empirical research in plantation and plantation-like societies. She is based at the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon, where she heads the Research Group Identities, Cultures, Vulnerabilities and participated in a variety of programs and projects in Portugal, Brazil, USA, UK, India, Mozambique, Germany, Spain and Italy.
          Zimbabwe: Bulletin: Cholera and AWD Outbreaks in Eastern and Southern Africa, Regional Update for 2018 - as of 4 November 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Highlights

Ten out of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) have reported more than 35,727 cholera / AWD cases and 423 deaths (Case Fatality Rate, 1.2%), since the beginning of 2018. These countries include; Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe accounts for 28.2 % (10,086) of the total case load reported this year, followed by Somalia at 17.2% (6,132).

Out of the 10 countries with reported cholera/ AWD outbreaks this year in ESAR, 3 (Zimbabwe, Tanzania and Kenya) have ongoing cholera outbreaks. During the week under review, Zimbabwe reported the highest number of new cases (59 cases). Of the three countries with active transmission, Tanzania has recorded the highest CFR (at 1.9%) in 2018.

Zimbabwe: The weekly case incidence has been on a downward trend in the past 6 weeks (From week 39 to week 44). For instance, during week 44 (week ending 4 November 2018), 59 new cases were reported compared to 199 cases reported in week 43 (week ending 28 October 2018). All new cases emerged from Harare. Cumulatively, a total of 10,086 cases including 61 deaths have been reported in 2018. Majority of these cases (98%, 9,909) and deaths (90%. 55) have been reported since the beginning of the new wave of the outbreak on 5 September 2018.

Tanzania: An increase in the epidemic trend has been noted. During week 43, 43 new cases were reported compared to 28 cases reported in week 42 (week ending 21 October 2018). All new cases emerged from Ngorongoro district in Arusha region. Cumulatively a total of 32,933 cases including 548 deaths have been reported in Tanzania mainland, as from August 2015. Of these, a total of 4,302 (13%) cases and 82 (15%) deaths have been reported since the beginning of 2018.

Kenya: During week 42, 7 new cases were reported from Isiolo County. Last case was reported in Turkana County on 18 September 2018, while Embu County reported 3 cases during week 40. Cumulatively a total of 26,591 cases including 421 deaths have been reported, as from October 2016. Of these, a total of 5,781 (21.7%) cases and 78 (18.5%) deaths have been reported since the beginning of 2018


          Looking to connect with buyers      Cache   Translate Page      
I supply baobab powder, seeds and oil and moringa from Mozambique. (Budget: $30 - $250 USD, Jobs: Import/Export, Marketing, Sales)
          Angola: Mozambique and Angola Call for Increased Trade      Cache   Translate Page      
[AIM] Maputo -The Mozambican and Angolan governments on Friday declared their interest in increasing trade between the two countries, and stepping up the exchange of experiences in the exploitation of hydrocarbons.
          UK Announces Plastic Packaging Tax, Expands Commonwealth Clean Ocean Alliance      Cache   Translate Page      
The Government of the UK has announced a tax on plastic packaging, following its success in charging for single-use plastic bags. The UK has previously banned plastic straws, drink stirrers and cotton buds as part of a growing effort to eliminate single-use plastic. The Gambia, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles and Sierra Leone have joined the Commonwealth Clean Ocean Alliance, which engages countries across the Commonwealth in the fight against plastic.
          Lake Malawi Mountains and a Zambian Safari      Cache   Translate Page      
So we left you in a dusty town near the Malawian border. All that remained of our time in Mozambique was one final chapa to the border town of Mandimba. Another horribly early morning start in yet another impossibly packed minibus along a very bumpy dirt
                Cache   Translate Page      
Retracing the Life and Death of Dr Sithole
OPINION & ANALYSIS
CONTRIBUTOR
Isaya Muriwo Sithole
Zimbabwe Sunday Mail

This is the third and final contribution on the life, abduction, disappearance and subsequent death of Dr Edson Sithole — a veteran nationalist, barrister and national hero whose heroic life remains shrouded in mystery, 43 years after his death.

This week we look at the intricate events leading up to his death within the context of the contradictions and disunity within Zimbabwe’s liberation movements around 1974-75, what has often been referred to as the “ANC unity in disunity”.

We will also look at his death and the various theories that have been advanced to explain it.

The statement, which was signed on December 7, 1974, and came to be known as the “Zimbabwe Declaration of Unity” bore the signatures of ANC President Bishop Abel Muzorewa, Zanu President Ndabaningi Sithole, Zapu President Joshua Nkomo and FROLIZI President James Chikerema.

These parties agreed to unite in the ANC under immense pressure from the Frontline States and the OAU.

Yet, it must be stated at this stage that the said declaration of unity brought together sheep, foxes, hyenas and leopards.

The misguided and obvious assumption was that the four would realise they had many things in common: they were all animals and their common enemy in the bush was the lion.

Yet we know all too well that the interests of leopards, hyenas, foxes and sheep do not necessarily coincide, despite their common fear of the lion.

The artificial unity “achieved” in Lusaka in December, 1974, was a unity of contradictions. It was not a naturally occurring unity and as such, it could be maintained only by external and artificial means.

This was vividly evident immediately after the Declaration of Unity. Back in Zimbabwe after their release, Zanu and Zapu leaders and supporters worked at cross purposes in pursuit of their organisational goals.

Zanu leaders and supporters advocated for continued armed struggle and its President Ndabaningi Sithole refused to call a ceasefire as demanded by the Smith regime.

Following the advice of the Frontline States not to make statements that would harden Smith`s attitude, the Zapu leader, Joshua Nkomo, remained surprisingly quiet on the ceasefire and other issues.

However, he and his supporters were quietly consolidating their own ANC organisational structures, particularly at district and provincial levels.

Since branch formation and registration went through district and provincial structures, only the local branches dominated by Zapu were duly registered.

Dr Gordon Chavunduka, then ANC secretary-general, was quoted by Professor Masipula Sithole in his book ‘Zimbabwe struggles-within-the-struggle’: “Nkomo has captured the middle leadership of the ANC. We dominate in the top leadership and among the masses. However, while the masses are forming branches, they have to be registered through the district and province before the Party Secretariat finally registers them. Under the circumstances, Zapu-oriented branches get registered. Moreover, there is a tendency for numerous branches to be formed and registered in Zapu strongholds than elsewhere. We now have a situation where about 60 percent of registered ANC branches are in Matebeleland, which constitutes only one-fourth of the country. Surely, it can not be assumed Matebeleland is more politicised than the rest of the country.”

Thus, Nkomo and his supporters favoured a quick ANC Congress because only established and registered branches would be invited.

However, Zanu encouraged formation of branches that would seek registration directly with the Secretariat. It is generally believed that the ANC leadership was biased towards Nkomo and Zapu immediately following the release of the Zanu and Zapu nationalists, including Dr Edson Sithole, in December 1974.

This was to be expected because after the Pearce Commission, Zanu looked unfriendly at ANC talks with the Smith regime, especially towards the end of 1973 and during 1974. On the other hand, Zapu in exile deliberately maintained a low key or even a friendly attitude towards the ANC.

As the former detainees travelled throughout the country, however, it became evident that mass sentiment was pro-Zanu. It was also clear that the masses in the cities and countryside looked to Chimurenga (armed struggle) for salvation and they correctly equated Zanu with Chimurenga. In exile, Zanu, Zapu and Frolizi continued to work separately, although theoretically they were all under the umbrella of the ANC.

Zanu, in particular, began to criticise the unity accord and seemed to be looking for a way of extricating itself from the said unity.

However, the Nhari rebellion, the assassination of Chitepo and the subsequent incarceration of the leaders of Dare re Chimurenga by the Zambian authorities on charges of having killed Chitepo, hampered Zanu`s capacity to wiggle out of the unity accord.

Zanu offices at the Liberation Centre in Lusaka were seized and given to the ANC, while the Zanu publicity offices in downtown Lusaka were closed down.

All Zanu funds were frozen.

Zapu in exile, for one reason or another, favoured unity but kept their Lusaka Headquarters intact as long as Zambian authorities didn’t order them closed, and they didn’t.

The Zapu paper continued production, but now purported to be an ANC paper, while the ANC operated from the Liberation Centre under different personnel.

Frolizi was extremely enthusiastic about unity.

The Frolizi leadership quickly provided personnel for the ANC at the Centre. This enthusiasm was shared by those in Zanu who had survived reprisals after the Nhari Rebellion. Eventually, Simon Muzenda (Zanu) and John Nkomo (Zapu) were appointed by the ANC Executive in Rhodesia to administer the Lusaka ANC offices.

During the period between December 1972 and December 1974, Zanu gained acceptance by the masses of Zimbabwe as the vanguard party in the revolutionary process in Zimbabwe.

Then it was revealed during January, February and March 1975 that while the Zimbabwe Declaration of Unity was being signed in Lusaka, Zanu had been experiencing one of its worst rebellions, the “Nhari Rebellion”. And that the ruthless and at times callous reprisals on the said rebellion had culminated in the death of Herbert Chitepo, the Zanu National Chairman who had built and led the party in exile for a decade.

Simultaneously and contemporaneously, in February 1975, Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole was redetained after only three months of freedom on account of the fact that the Smith government believed it had evidence to the effect that he was plotting the assassination of three nationalist leaders, namely Bishop Abel Muzorewa, Joshua Nkomo and Dr Elliot Gabellah.

This charge was later “caused to fade” into the dark whence it came, but Sithole was then kept in detention for refusing to call a ceasefire on the guerrilla campaign.

He was, however, released and banished into exile under pretext to attend an OAU Ministerial Conference in Dar es Salaam. Simultaneously, following a Zanu Central Committee meeting at Mushandirapamwe hotel in Highfield, which Dr Edson Sithole also attended, Robert Mugabe and Edgar Tekere went to Mozambique to ensure the continuation of the war, where they remained in mystery until the middle of 1976.

After the OAU Conference, Bishop Muzorewa returned to Rhodesia where the ANC faced a serious crisis.

Joshua Nkomo and his Zapu supporters in the ANC were demanding an immediate ANC Congress knowing very well that Zanu and Frolizi leaders would not be in a position to attend.

Muzorewa then asked for a meeting with the Frontline States leaders to which all senior leaders of the “enlarged” ANC were invited to discuss holding a Congress.

The meeting was held in Dar es Salaam in July 1975 and concluded among other things:

◆ That because circumstances in Rhodesia would not permit the presence of several leading personalities interested in the stakes at the said Congress, holding of Congress should be deferred until conditions permitted all to attend.

◆ That a Zimbabwe Liberation Council be formed for the purpose of intensifying the armed struggle.

All the leaders seemed united on this resolve but soon after the Dar es Salaam summit with the Frontline States, Nkomo returned to Rhodesia where he continued to press for an ANC Congress.

However, suddenly there was an announcement that talks between the ANC and the Smith regime would be held in a train on the Victoria Falls Bridge on August 25, 1975.

Bishop Muzorewa led a united ANC delegation with Reverend Sithole, Nkomo and Chikerema in it. Dr Edson Sithole was part the delegation’s negotiating team.

The talks were aborted. Nkomo then returned to Rhodesia and again in no time, plans were underway for an “ANC Congress”.

Bishop Muzorewa, who now remained in exile with Reverend Sithole and Chikerema, reacted by suspending Nkomo from the ANC and warned ANC members against attending the said Congress.

The ANC Vice President, Dr Elliot Gabellah, also reiterated Muzorewa`s warning and called on members to boycott “Nkomo`s Congress”.

In June, 1975, Dr Edson Sithole had circulated a report that Joshua Nkomo “had done a secret deal” with Ian Smith.

Later, the report was proved to be true and Dr Edson Sithole publicly supported Bishop Abel Muzorewa`s expulsion of Joshua Nkomo from the ANC, setting the stage for combative confrontation between Dr Sithole and Joshua Nkomo.

At the time, Machiavellian behaviour and factionalism were rife among African nationalists and there was growing disunity within the ANC, a trend which Dr Sithole actively encouraged.

We have already stated that Zanu was becoming impatient with the creature called ANC and was also trying to find a way of extricating itself from the unity accord.

Joshua Nkomo and his supporters, however, went on with their plans and on September 27-28, 1975, under the chairmanship of Samuel Munodawafa, the Zapu faction of the ANC, held its Congress in Highfield, and Joshua Nkomo was unanimously elected President.

The Rhodesian Press then began talking of Nkomo as the leader of the “internal wing of the ANC”, while Bishop Muzorewa, who remained in exile with Reverend Sithole and Chikerema, became leader of the “external wing of the ANC”.

Immediately after Nkomo was elected leader of the so-called “internal wing”, Dr Edson Sithole, who was the ANC Publicity Secretary and a member of Zanu, announced that the ANC loyal to Bishop Muzorewa, Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole and Chikerema would hold a “consultative congress”on October 25, 1975, to repudiate the Nkomo Congress. After his Congress, Nkomo and his supporters embarked on bilateral talks with the Smith regime. The talks were held amidst optimism on both sides until they broke down on March 19, 1976.

Surprisingly, the breakdown of the talks was announced in a “joint statement” by Nkomo and Smith. They both appealed to Britain to “clear the impasse”.

In terms of ANC contradictions, the month of October 1975 was eventful and so it was for Dr Edson Sithole. Dr Sithole was always in the Press criticising the authorities and, more so, for giving preferential treatment to the Nkomo faction of the ANC as they were able to hold rallies with minimum restrictions as opposed to the Muzorewa faction of the ANC.

He continuously challenged the authorities to ensure that their “consultative congress” scheduled for October 25 would be held under the same conditions as those that applied to the Nkomo Congress.

However, before the said “consultative congress” to repudiate the Nkomo Congress was held, fate was to dictate otherwise on Dr Edson Sithole.  On 15 0ctober 1975, around 7pm following an interview, Dr Edson Sithole was bundled into a police van outside Salisbury`s Ambassador Hotel, together with his secretary Miriam Mhlanga, in front of several witnesses, including Brother Arthur of the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace. They were leaving the Quill Club at the Ambassador Hotel.

They were never seen again. Both their remains have not been found to date.

He was not found in prison when the cells were opened during an amnesty just prior to independence in 1980 and he is presumed dead. He was declared dead after independence.

In 1994, he was declared a national hero, while in 1999 a cenotaph monument was installed in his memory at the national shrine.

It was allegedly claimed that he was kidnapped by the Selous Scouts who later killed him and deposited his body in a disused mine shaft. It was also rumoured that these Scouts were working in cohorts with Muzorewa, while speculation also implicated Nkomo.

Mike Rook, former Quill cIub Vice-Chairman, writes as follows: “I recall as if it was yesterday entering the Ambassador Hotel in downtown Harare on a balmy Wednesday evening 15 October 1975. I was heading for the Quill Club situated on the hotel’s first floor. On the landing halfway up the staircase, I bumped into advocate Edson Sithole, who was accompanied by his secretary Miriam Mhlanga. We exchanged greetings.”

Only a few months earlier, he had attended the Victoria Falls talks as a member of Bishop Muzorewa’s African National Council’s negotiating team. The talks were part of the “détente” policy instigated by South Africa’s Prime Minister B J Vorster, aimed at forcing Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith to talk with the Frontline States and all of the warring nationalist parties.

Rook adds, “I remember questioning Sithole as to who was in the club. He replied that there was only a ‘spook.’ The word ‘spook’ was used to describe a Central Intelligence Operative. That was my last conversation with him. Minutes later, he was abducted with his secretary as he exited the hotel. He was never seen again.

“As I entered the Quill, there was just one person facing the bar and whispering down the telephone. As he heard me enter, he abruptly finished the conversation and turned around. The face and benign smile were very familiar, it was Special Branch officer Pat Keyser.”

On the day that he disappeared, Dr Sithole missed two court cases where he was supposed to represent clients at two different courts.

Despite his nationalist activities, Dr Sithole would always find time for his legal practice and he was in demand to represent Africans charged with all sorts of crimes on account of their political activity.

Phyllis Johnson, in her book, ‘The Struggle for Zimbabwe’, states that: “Evidence still secret, to be produced at such time as a public hearing is held, suggests that his (Dr Edson Sithole’s) body and that of a white priest may be found at the bottom of a disused mineshaft”.

After independence, reports suggested that his body was to be found at what used to be the Warren Park dumping area near the Heroes Acre.  Other reports suggest that Dr Sithole’s body was put in acid, while yet other reports suggest that his remains may be found at Robin Island in South Africa.

Dr Sithole’s files were also reported to have been taken to South Africa so as to hide evidence.

The question that is at the uppermost of everyone’s mind is, did Smith and Nkomo or Smith and Muzorewa cut a deal to get rid of this “troublesome nationalist”?

The truth is nobody knows; those who know have not come forward for various reasons and also because the previous administrations of Muzorewa and former President Robert Mugabe did not put in place a public hearing framework where evidence and testimonies about the disappearance of the veteran nationalist and barrister could be heard. The obvious challenge now is that many who knew may have passed on.

That notwithstanding, it is befitting of the sacrifice that Dr Edson Sithole made to the liberation of this country, that the new administration of the Second Republic generate enough political will to put in place a public hearing framework so that the remains of this selfless son of the soil, among others, are found and given a decent burial at the national shrine, with full military honours as befitting a departed national hero, which has not been done for him to date, 43 years on.

Isaya Muriwo Sithole is a legal practitioner practising in Harare and is a co-founder and executive director of the Dr Edson F.C Sithole Foundation. Feedback: isayamsithole@gmail.com

          Mozambique: Constitutional Council Rejects Appeal By Frelimo      Cache   Translate Page      
[AIM] Maputo -It is not only opposition parties whose appeals against the results of the 10 October municipal elections have been thrown out by the courts - the latest ruling from the Constitutional Council, Mozambique's highest body in matters of constitutional and electoral law, supports the ... Reported by allAfrica.com 1 hour ago.
          Mozambique: French Grant for Maputo Water Supply      Cache   Translate Page      
[AIM] Maputo -The French government has granted 6.2 million euros (about seven million US dollars) to improve the availability of clean water in the southern Mozambican municipalities of Maputo, Matola and Boane.
          African Athletes      Cache   Translate Page      
Septmeber 2016 515.JPG
Any hot African athletes interested in exchanging emails.

I am a Coach in the United States
sometimes visit South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Senegal and Mozambique looking for athletes

I am on the DOWN LOW (CLOSETED) so I am not out, but some of my players may know because of common interest

I am white (Italian Heritage)
45 years old
5'9
200 pounds
educated and professional

my facebook is house4azia
          African Athletes      Cache   Translate Page      
Septmeber 2016 515.JPG
Any hot African athletes interested in exchanging emails.

I am a Coach in the United States
sometimes visit South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Senegal and Mozambique looking for athletes

I am on the DOWN LOW (CLOSETED) so I am not out, but some of my players may know because of common interest

I am white (Italian Heritage)
45 years old
5'9
200 pounds
educated and professional

my facebook is house4azia
          BLACK-AND-WHITE ...AND WEIRD ALL OVER - SOLVING THE MYSTERY OF THE STRIPED MANTA RAYS      Cache   Translate Page      

Magnificent painting portraying William Beebe's striped manta ray (© William M. Rebsamen)

In 1999, my book Mysteries of Planet Earth became the first cryptozoologically-oriented book to include a specific section on what must surely be one of the most strikingly beautiful mystery beasts ever reported, and its coverage was greatly enhanced by the inclusion of a spectacular full-colour painting of this animal - another first for it - prepared specially for my book by renowned cryptozoological artist William M. Rebsamen (and which also opens this present ShukerNature blog article). Neither of us realised at that time, however, that only a few years later I would actually witness just such an animal, and in a wholly unexpected manner. The following article – the most detailed that I have ever prepared on this particular subject and constituting a ShukerNature exclusive – contains not only all of the information that I included in my 1999 book but also various additional cases uncovered by me since then, including my own afore-mentioned observation. So where better to begin it than with that observation – and here it is.

On 20 July 2005, I was sitting in front of the television at home in the UK, flicking idly between channels, when I happened to click onto Channel 5, and within a few seconds beheld an extraordinary sight. The programme being screened was a documentary entitled 'Whale Shark: Journey of the Biggest Fish in the World'. However, the fish that I was staring at in amazement was anything but a whale shark. It was a giant manta ray Manta birostris - a huge, superficially nightmarish beast popularly dubbed a devil-fish (see also here) due to its mouth's pair of demonic, horn-resembling, laterally-sited cephalic fins, and its huge batwing-like pectoral fins, uniformly dark on top, white below...except that this particular manta's pectorals were most definitely not uniformly dark on top. Instead, they were dramatically adorned by a longitudinal series of white v-shaped chevrons, and also sported pure white wing tips. This spectacular vision soared gracefully through its underwater domain for a few moments before the camera moved on to other subaqueous delights, and it did not appear again.

Not having tuned in to this programme from the beginning, I had no idea where the striped manta had been filmed, but the very next section of the documentary stated that the whale shark star of the show had now reached the Mozambique Channel, apparently having travelled there from the Seychellesregion of the Indian Ocean. So this may have been where the manta footage had been shot.

A typical, non-striped specimen of the giant manta ray, as depicted in an 18th/19th-Century illustration from Iconographia Zoologica (public domain)

What made this serendipitous sighting so notable was that for a great many years (right up to the time when I viewed the above-cited TV programme, in fact), mainstream zoology had tended not to recognise the existence of mantas other than the mundanely standard dark-dorsal, pale-ventral version. Yet there on screen was positive proof that at least one manta of a decidedly more flamboyant variety was indeed real. Nor was it unique. Several other specimens have been documented down through the decades, exhibiting a range of patterns, and spied in many different oceanic localities.

The earliest one that I have on record, and which remains the most famous (it was the subject of William Rebsamen's magnificent painting), was witnessed on 27 April 1923 by American naturalist William Beebe and several others while aboard his expedition vessel Noma, as it approached Tower Island in the Pacific Ocean's Galapagos archipelago. The manta ray briefly struck the side of the vessel and then sped swiftly away along the surface, providing its observers with an excellent view. According to Beebe, who later sketched it:

From tip to tip of wings it was at least ten feet, of somewhat the usual manta or devil-fish shape, except that the wings were not noticeably concave behind, and the lateral angles were not acute. The cephalic horn-like structures were conspicuous and more straight than incurved. In general the back was dark brown, faintly mottled, while the most conspicuous character was a pair of broad, pure white bands extending halfway down the back from each side of the head. The wing tips also shaded abruptly into pure white.

Documenting this dorsally-bicoloured manta in his book Galapagos: World's End (1924), Beebe considered that it may represent an unknown species.

Beebe's sketch of the striped manta ray observed by him off the Galapagos archipelago's Tower Island in 1923 (public domain)

In Vol. 12 of the now-defunct International Society of Cryptozoology's scientific journal Cryptozoology (covering the period 1993-1996), German researcher Gunter G. Sehm's paper on striped manta rays surveyed some other specimens. In 1924, fr example, a small manta was harpooned off the shore reef at Kiribati's Fanning Island(renamed Tabuaeran). Its dorsal surface was blue-black but also bore two large ash-coloured v-shaped chevrons that spanned the entire dorsum from left pectoral edge to right. In 1934 this specimen was deemed a new species and dubbed Manta fowleri, but its separate taxonomic status is no longer recognised.

In 1975, British Museumichthyologist Alwyne Wheeler's book Fishes of the World contained a colour photograph of a manta ray that appeared to have some white striping on its right shoulder, although few details can be discerned because the picture had been taken side-on. A year later, a book by Pierre Fourmanoir and Pierre Laboute detailing the fishes native to the waters around New Caledonia and the New Hebrides included a colour photo of a manta ornately adorned with dorsal white banding and cephalic fins. In his paper, Sehm also included three hitherto-unpublished stills from a 30-second footage of film showing a manta with a pair of striking, laterally-sited, v-shaped dorsal markings, filmed off the coast of Mexico's Baja California by Sigurd Tesche, which had been broadcast by German TV on 28 December 1989 within a programme entitled 'Sharks: Hunters of the Seas'.

Correspondent Alan Pringle contacted me shortly after watching, on 7 November 1999, aBBC1 television programme 'Holiday Guide to Australia', to inform me that it had contained a snippet of film depicting a manta with two converging longitudinal dorsal white bands, filmed from above by a helicopter, as it swam above a reef in Australia's Great Barrier Reef.

A striped giant manta ray at Hin Daeng, Thailand, on 30 November 2005 (© Jon Hanson/Wikipedia – CC BY-SA 2.0 licence)

I learnt from fellow crypto-enthusiast Matt Bille that on 19 September 2003, yet another striped manta made an unexpected television appearance, this time in the American reality game show 'Survivor', when a manta ray sporting a very prominent pair of white shoulder markings, resembling filled-in triangles along the body, cruised fleetingly just under the clear waters off Panama's Pacific coast.

Not long after my own television sighting in July 2005, I was informed of two separate webpages each containing a colour photograph of a striped manta. One of these, which still appears here, shows a manta with symmetrical lateral chevrons resembling those of the Baja California individual, but it also has white rings around its cephalic fins, a pale patch at the dorsal tip of its left pectoral fin (its right cannot be seen dorsally), and what looks like a white dorsal tail surface. More photos of it have since appeared on Wikipedia and elsewhere online, confirming that it does have a white patch at the dorsal tip of its right pectoral fin too. It was photographed at Hin Daeng, off Thailand.

The other page (no longer directly online at http://www.accessnoaa.noaa.gov/images/monitor1.jpg but still accessible here - thanks to the Wayback Machine Internet Archive) – in a website run by America's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) - showed an ornately-marked specimen with very extensive white wing tips linked posteriorly by a pair of white converging arcs, as well as white cephalic fins. No details of where this photo was taken were given.

The striped manta ray photograph formerly directly visible online in America's NOAA site (© NOAA – reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis for educational and review purposes only)

In short, a diverse spectrum of striped mantas is on record, with no two alike, but collectively confirming that dorsally bicoloured individuals do indeed exist. So how can they be explained? Interestingly, some of them, notably Beebe's specimen, the Fanning Island manta, and the Baja California example, have conspicuously shorter-than-typical tails, and also the shape of their pectorals do not exhibit such marked convexity of the front edge and concavity of the trailing edge as those of 'normal' mantas do, leading Sehm to consider the possibility that these represent a separate taxonomic form. Equally, however, sometimes genes linked to colour or body pattern also influence the size or shape of an individual (pleiotropic genes), so there is no guarantee that these morphological differences have independent significance.

Moreover, it is known that attacks by other fishes can leave white marks on the dark dorsal surface of a manta. In fact, its dark pigment can even be removed merely by rubbing the surface, creating pale patches. And the elasmodiver website's manta page states that the wing tips often fade to white. Worth noting, incidentally, is that back in the early 2000s this latter site was one of the very few mainstream sources that openly acknowledged the existence of striped mantas, stating at that time: "Dorsum black or dark often with symmetrical white patches forming a chevron across the shoulders".

Intriguingly, Sehm attempted to explain away the white wing tips of Beebe's specimen as an illusion, claiming that what Beebe and his colleagues saw was the white undersurface of the wing tips upraised, fooling the observers into thinking that the dorsal wing tips were white. However, I do not believe this interpretation - the NOAA website's manta unequivocally possesses white dorsal wing tips, as did the specimen that I watched in the whale shark film. Instead, judging from the elasmodiver website's comments, it may be that white-tipped mantas are aged specimens. However, so precise is the symmetry of the white markings on all specimens of striped manta, whether they be wing tip markings, shoulder markings, or chevrons, that this seems unlikely - as do, for the same reason, explanations invoking injury or rubbing as the source of such markings.

A striped manta ray at Hin Muang, Thailand on 30 November 2005 (© Jon Hanson/Wikipedia – CC BY-SA 2.0 licence)

In 2005, within a Fortean Timesarticle of mine devoted to these mystery mantas, I expressed the view is that a mutant gene allele was most probably responsible, engendering on rare occasions these stunning and sometimes quite elaborate patterns in mantas - analogous, perhaps, to black-and-white specimens of blackbirds, black bears, crows, and other normally monochromatic species, and creating an additional vision of wonder and mystery amid the breathtaking splendour present beneath the surface of our planet's mighty seas.

Sure enough, thanks to observations and photographs taken of many additional specimens since then, the existence of striped manta specimens is nowadays not only universally accepted among ichthyologists but also, far from constituting a separate species, is deemed to be nothing more than an expression of individual non-taxonomic variation within the long-recognised giant manta species Manta birostris.

Unrelated to such considerations but still worth noting, however, is that in 2009, asecond, somewhat smaller, and non-migratory manta ray species, the reef manta M. alfredi, was officially distinguished, named, and formally described – see my Encyclopaedia of New and Rediscovered Animals, 2012, for more details.

A reef manta ray at Manta Alley, near Komodo, Indonesia, in September 2010 (© Alexander Vasenin/Wikipedia – CC BY-SA 3.0 licence)

But this is not all. In autumn 2014, amainstream ichthyological discovery was made public via a scientific paper that revealed an exceedingly significant but hitherto entirely unsuspected aspect concerning the true nature of striped mantas. Ironically, however, this crucial find has attracted relatively little attention, especially in cryptozoological circles. Indeed, as far as I am aware, the following documentation of it by me is the first time that this remarkable discovery has ever been referred to in such a capacity, even though it holds the key to these distinctive fishes' very existence.

Published by the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society on 1 September 2014, the paper in question (click hereto read it in its entirety) was authored by Csilla Ari, from the University of South Florida's Hyperbaric Biomedical Research Laboratory, and revealed for the very first time that giant manta rays possess the ability to change colour and pattern at will. Ari's study showed that a manta's typical (or, as termed in the study, its baseline) colouration state (i.e. its dark dorsal surface) can change rapidly at feeding times, or if it encountered another manta ray in close proximity to itself, or during intense social interaction between itself and another manta ray. And the precise nature of this colour change was a very noticeable increase in the brightness of hitherto pale, inconspicuous shoulder and pectoral wing tip markings.

In other words, when faced with any of the three situations listed above, a typical dorsally dark manta would transform directly into a striped manta!

A striped manta ray encountered at South Point, Pulau Sipadan, off the Malaysian state of Sabah on Borneo, in February 2010 (© Bernard Dupont/Wikipedia – CC BY-SA 2.0 licence)

Here is the principal Results paragraph excerpted from Ari's paper, detailing this extraordinary manta metamorphosis with reference to various 'before' and 'after' photographs of the mantas (these photos can be viewed directly if the paper is accessed using the above link):

Captive manta rays were observed to undergo rapid changes (within a few minutes) in their body coloration. Specifically, white markings appeared and changed intensity on certain body regions (Fig. 1, 2, 3, 4; the two most representative specimens from each species are shown). The intensity of the white markings would increase rapidly to the ‘intense coloration state’ (Fig. 1D, E, F, G, H, 2D, E, F) more times during the day within a few minutes, and then return to the normal ‘baseline coloration state’. Changes in coloration were observed to occur in temporal proximity to a variety of situations, including at feeding times (Fig. 1H), whenever a new manta ray was introduced to the tank, and during intense social interaction between the two manta rays (Fig. 1G). Feeding occurred twice a day and the rapid coloration changes started shortly (5–10 min) before each feeding on both specimens. The ‘intense coloration state’ was most intense during feeding and slowly returned to the ‘baseline coloration state’ over a period of 20–30 min after the end of the feedings. In addition, rapid coloration changes were observed in association with intense social interaction; for example, when Manta 2 was introduced into the tank or when mantas were chasing each other rapidly and closely, which appeared to comprise courtship behaviour.

In short, the striped manta state was not even a permanent one. Consequently, it would appear that in most if not all cases, such mantas that have been reported and photographed in the past were nothing more than normal mantas exhibiting the temporary pattern and colour transformation ability that had been discovered for their species by Ari. (Incidentally, Ari also revealed that reef mantas possess this same ability.)

The mystery of the striped mantas is a mystery no longer. True, there may be occasional specimens that do exhibit such markings on a permanent basis as an expression of individual variation, but in most cases such markings would seem to be merely a temporary feature, induced on a non-permanent basis by various fluctuating external factors.

Finally: even though we now know the secret of the striped mantas, it is still thrilling when one of these spectacular creatures turns up unexpectedly – and that is precisely what happened to me a second time just last night. I had been watching the 2016 Disney cartoon film Moana, whose storyline was inspired by traditional Polynesian mythology and featured the famous demi-god Maui, when suddenly, in a split-second segment right at the end of the film, an animated striped manta sporting a vivid pair of white shoulder bars and pectoral wing tips soared majestically through the water just beneath the surface. A fitting finale, assuredly, for a movie of magic and mythology to feature a maritime denizen so long associated with mystery and mystification.

My very own striped manta ray – a model of one that I purchased at London Zoo in September 2014 (© Dr Karl Shuker/London Zoo)





          Re: Maputo Mozambique      Cache   Translate Page      
I will be visiting Mozambique soon,possibly in a month's time or 2months. How about more detailed direction of the places where the guys hang around and who to contact to show me around. You can also reach me on:moskhumalo@gmail.com.
          Re: Maputo Mozambique      Cache   Translate Page      
I will be visiting Mozambique soon,possibly in a month's time or 2months. How about more detailed direction of the places where the guys hang around and who to contact to show me around. You can also reach me on:moskhumalo@gmail.com.
          Mozambique: Constitutional Council Rejects Appeal By Frelimo      Cache   Translate Page      
[AIM] Maputo -It is not only opposition parties whose appeals against the results of the 10 October municipal elections have been thrown out by the courts - the latest ruling from the Constitutional Council, Mozambique's highest body in matters of constitutional and electoral law, supports the decision by the district court in the northern city of Cuamba to reject an appeal from the ruling Frelimo Party against the results in thus municipality, which was won by the main opposition party, the former rebel movement Renamo
          Mission Network News (Wed, 07 Nov 2018 - 4.5 min)      Cache   Translate Page      

Today's Headlines

  • Bomb planted at church in India
  • Governments rethink blasphemy laws as Pakistan chaos continues
  • Compassionate Care ministry in Mozambique celebrates 100th patient

          ICC Men's World T20 Africa Region Qualifier C – Mozambique v Malawi highlights      Cache   Translate Page      

WATCH: Mozambique beat Malawi by five wickets in the 13th match of the ICC Men's World T20 Africa Region Qualifier C.
          ICC Men's World T20 Africa Region Qualifier C – St. Helena v Mozambique highlights      Cache   Translate Page      

WATCH: Highlights of match 17 of the ICC Men's World T20 Africa Region Qualifier C between St. Helena and Mozambique.
          Triton signs MoU to help develop Ancuabe       Cache   Translate Page      
Graphite developer Triton Minerals has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with China’s largest building materials group to develop the Ancuabe graphite project, in Mozambique. Under the terms of the MoU, Suzhou Sinoma Design and Research Institute of Non-metallic Minerals Industry Co, has expressed interest in participating in debt financing for the Ancuabe project, and in providing technical consulting services in relation to graphite process technology, producing line equipment, construction and commissioning, as well as product quality control.
          New Energy gets partner for Caula       Cache   Translate Page      
ASX-listed New Energy Minerals has announced a series of investments that will assist with the development of its Caula vanadium/graphite project, in Mozambique. The company on Wednesday said that it had entered into a binding agreement with a Hong-Kong based investor group, the first of which is a share placement worth A$1.5-million.
          Syrah signs MoU at Balama       Cache   Translate Page      
Graphite miner Syrah Resources has signed a binding term sales agreement with Qingdao Taida New Energy Technology for 20 000 t of natural graphite from the Balama project, in Mozambique. The agreement will start immediately, with the graphite to be delivered by the end of August next year.
          African Athletes      Cache   Translate Page      
Septmeber 2016 515.JPG
Any hot African athletes interested in exchanging emails.

I am a Coach in the United States
sometimes visit South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Senegal and Mozambique looking for athletes

I am on the DOWN LOW (CLOSETED) so I am not out, but some of my players may know because of common interest

I am white (Italian Heritage)
45 years old
5'9
200 pounds
educated and professional

my facebook is house4azia
          Re: Maputo Mozambique      Cache   Translate Page      
I will be visiting Mozambique soon,possibly in a month's time or 2months. How about more detailed direction of the places where the guys hang around and who to contact to show me around. You can also reach me on:moskhumalo@gmail.com.
          Gas in Mozambique and Tanzania: explorers hit the jackpot in sub-Saharan Africa      Cache   Translate Page      
In the past ten years, explorers in sub-Saharan Africa have turned up more giant discoveries than in any other region. These 500 million barrel-plus finds are dominated by multi-trillion cubic feet gas fields in the tropical waters of Mozambique and Tanzania, play openers in the Atlantic Margin of....
          Birth of a Surgeon: Introduction      Cache   Translate Page      
“Tells an admirable story…. It is too early to gauge the long-term effects of Mozambique’s program, but in the glimpse provided by this film, it seems full of possibilities.” –The New York Times “Feel-good programming that makes you think, too” –Canwest News Service ABOUT THE ISSUE Sub-Saharan Africa is the world’s deadliest place to give […]
          Single tap to edit cell.      Cache   Translate Page      

I am using the demo project only.

I can see that you changed the project , country.cs line 27 . from > 15 to < 15.

Fixing that so hasErrors is false as a starting point for all rows.

Then start by editing Mozambique to have a length > 15, then imideately tap to edit the population column in the same row.

No other steps needed.

This scenario was not shown in the video.

Then this happened:
HasErrors is true, the focus shifts to the populations field, no red warning bar.
I would have exspected:
HasError is true , focus still on name column , red warning bar displayed.

I am using IOS.

Best Regards

Ole


          Canal du Mozambique | Mayotte, carrefour d'influences - Mayotte Hebdo      Cache   Translate Page      

Mayotte Hebdo

Canal du Mozambique | Mayotte, carrefour d'influences
Mayotte Hebdo
Du 15 au 17 novembre se tiendra une conférence internationale sur les civilisations du Canal du Mozambique. Organisée par le conseil départemental, cette ...
Les territoires du Canal du Mozambique organisent une conférence sur leurs civilisationsLe Journal De Mayotte (Communiqué de presse) (Blog)

2 autres articles »

          Zara Arrives In 106 Markets Thanks to Its New Global Online Store      Cache   Translate Page      

ARTEIXO, Spain, November 7, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- http://www.zara.com/ww Zara's global women's men's and kids' collections will be available online for the first time to customers in Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Madagascar,...


          LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE: IGC Country Economist - Mozambique      Cache   Translate Page      
£26,700 net of taxes depending on experience and subject to local market conditions: LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE: The International Growth Centre (IGC)   IGC Country Economist - Mozambique Contract Fee: from £26,700 net of taxes depending on experience and subj... London (Greater)
          Nnenna Nwakanma: «Couper internet est toujours la manifestation d’un dictateur»      Cache   Translate Page      
media
C'est la présentation qui a fait sensation au Web Summit, le grand rendez-vous portugais de la Tech
mondiale, celle du nouveau « contrat pour le Web » que l'inventeur de la Toile, Tim Bernes-Lee, est venu promouvoir en personne. Nnenna Nwakanma, directrice des politiques publiques à la Web Foundation, qui porte le projet, revient sur les raisons qui ont motivé la rédaction de ce texte. L'occasion également d'évoquer avec cette « Abidjanaise d'origine nigériane », comme elle se présente elle-même, les rapports de l'Afrique à internet.
De notre envoyé spécial à Lisbonne,
RFI : Tim Berners-Lee, que l'on considère comme le « père du Web », a fait une intervention remarquée en ouverture du Web Summit en présentant son idée de « contrat pour le Web ». Est-il temps de revoir notre rapport à la Toile ?
Nnenna Nwakanma : Le « contrat pour le Web » est né de son engagement pour que le Web soit un espace d'opportunité, un espace d'entraide humanitaire, un espace sûr, dont on ne doit pas avoir peur, un espace où les utilisateurs se sentent en confiance pour accomplir leurs activités. Mais trente ans après son invention, seulement la moitié du monde est connectée, le pouvoir sur le Web commence à être concentré entre les mains de quelques-uns, et l'usage qui en est fait cause du mal à l'humanité.
Certains géants du Net comme Google et Facebook ont déjà signé ce « contrat ». Le gouvernement français également. Comment cela va se concrétiser ensuite ?
Dans ce contrat, il y a neuf principes, trois par niveau d'implication : gouvernement, secteur privé et société civile. Et depuis hier [lundi 5 octobre, date de l'ouverture du sommet, ndlr], près de 2 000 acteurs l'ont déjà signé. La prochaine étape est de faire asseoir tout le monde autour de la table et de dire : « Voici les engagements que nous avons pris, voilà ce que nous allons faire. Engageons-nous dans le combat pour le prix de l'internet, pour la défense de la neutralité du Net, pour le respect des données à caractère personnel, etc. »
Qui vérifiera que les engagements sont bien respectés ?
Nous comptons instaurer un mécanisme d'évaluation annuelle, ou bi-annuelle. Car il y a souvent de grandes déclarations et puis après plus rien.
Dans ce combat que vous menez pour un « meilleur Web », l'Afrique est un terrain d'action particulier...
Je suis Africaine, une Abidjanaise d'origine nigériane. Depuis six ans que je suis à la Web Foundation nous travaillons beaucoup à l'ouverture des données en assistant les gouvernements africains, à la baisse du prix de l'internet, comme au Ghana, au Mozambique, au Nigeria, ou au Liberia. Et nous travaillons aussi pour les droits des femmes, car nos recherches ont démontré que ce sont surtout les femmes qui sont les grandes laissées-pour-compte.
Tim Berners-Lee (g.), considéré comme le fondateur du Web, est venu au Web Summit présenter ses solutions pour le «sauver». RFI/Marc Etcheverry
En 2013, vous avez justement lancé l'Alliance pour un Internet abordable, à laquelle participe les géants du Net, avec un objectif qui ne cesse d'être revu à la hausse. Où en est l'initiative ?
Aujourd'hui nous avons l'objectif de faire passer le prix du gigaoctet de données en dessous des 2% du revenu moyen mensuel d'une famille. A Paris, un gigaoctet ça peut faire sourire, mais dans certains pays, un giga, c'est 30 à 40% du revenu mensuel.
Et il y a de nombreuses disparités...
On ne peut évidemment pas comparer Ouagadougou à Paris, parce que les infrastructures que l'on trouve en Europe n'existent pas en Afrique. Mais on ne peut pas comparer non plus Abidjan à Bamako par exemple, car le Mali est un pays enclavé et il est difficile de faire remonter les câbles sous-marins jusqu'à Bamako. Donc internet va y coûter plus cher qu'à Abidjan.
Cela nécessite aussi un engagement politique fort.
Il faut de l'argent pour ériger ces infrastructures et nous constatons que ce ne sont pas les Etats qui investissent, c'est le privé. Et quand le privé investit, il veut un retour sur investissement. Il faut donc une stabilité économique, sociale, qui incite quelqu'un à venir investir des milliards de dollars pour développer internet. Il faut aussi voir les désirs de taxation : il y a des pays qui pensent que taxer les télécommunications c'est facile car tout le monde les utilise. Ils ne s'imaginent pas ce qu'il font comme dégâts...
L'accès à Internet en Afrique passe et passera encore plus à l'avenir par le mobile. Dans ce secteur, Facebook, avec son programme Freebasics, s'associe avec des opérateurs pour offrir un accès à internet - un internet limité et façonné par le réseau social - sans surcoût pour l'utilisateur. Faut-il s'en inquiéter ?
J'aimerais que tous les Africains m'entendent : Facebook n'a jamais donné l'internet gratuit à qui que ce soit. Ce que Facebook fait, c'est ce que tout commerçant fait. Quand vous allez au marché et qu'on vous offre quelque chose : vous goûtez une fois, deux fois et après vous achetez.
Et Facebook ne donne pas un accès au Web gratuitement, il donne accès gratuitement à sa plateforme. C'est comme si vous alliez au grand marché de la ville et que vous vous arrêtiez au seul stand de poulet puis que vous repartiez. Vous n'avez rien vu du marché.
Autre impératif qui se pose à l'Afrique comme au reste du monde, celui de la protection des données personnelles. Sauf que sur le continent, bien peu de pays - une quinzaine - ont une législation qui y fait référence. Qu'est-il possible de faire à l'échelle supranationale ?
Premièrement, le problème de la protection des données est un problème de ceux qui sont en ligne. Or, 75% des Africains n'ont pas de vie numérique, donc pour eux la protection des données ne leur dit rien - toutefois quelqu'un peut prendre vos données et les mettre en ligne, à votre insu.
Deuxièmement, il n'y a pas de convention africaine dédiée à cette question, même s'il y a une convention africaine sur la cybersécurité [rédigée en 2014]. Mais il y a une directive qui a été proposée dernièrement.
Généralement, dans toutes les Constitutions, on reconnaît le respect de la vie privée comme un droit, mais cela ne peut pas occulter la menace que nous vivons. Et même dans les pays comme la Côte d'Ivoire où il y a une loi, l'application est inexistante. Je ne connais personne qui a été traduit en justice pour ce motif. Donc il faut d'abord des lois - et la Commission de l'Union africaine ne peut obliger aucun pays à en voter. Ensuite, il faut les vulgariser. Il faut que les citoyens prennent conscience de l'importance [du sujet]. Les députés ne peuvent pas voter des lois et rentrer chez eux, il faut pouvoir les interpeller pour qu'ils expliquent ce qu'ils ont voté. Enfin il faut des organes pour surveiller leur application et quand il y a faute, il faut pouvoir sanctionner.
Le politique peut aussi être très intrusif. On a encore vu dans plusieurs pays ou zones géographiques d'Afrique (Cameroun anglophone, Burundi, RDC), internet être coupé sur ordre des autorités.
Je dis une chose : il n'y a pas plus grande erreur politique, de nos jours, que de couper internet. Ce qu'on appelle le « shutdown ». Couper l'accès à internet, parce que vous craignez que l'on puisse écrire des choses que Monsieur le président n'aime pas, c'est une grande erreur et c'est de la foutaise. Aujourd'hui, tous les paiements se font en ligne, on va à l'école en ligne. Et que deviennent les échanges commerciaux ? Beaucoup de nos jeunes sont aussi des développeurs d'application. Ils sont au pays, il ne sont pas en train de mourrir dans la mer. Ils sont en train de se débrouiller en ligne, et leur ordinateur, le téléphone mobile se sont leur gagne-pain.
J'ai eu à m'entretenir avec ces gouvernements qui coupent internet : ce ne sont jamais des décisions cautionnées par les Parlements, ce sont toujours des décisions arbitraires. C'est toujours la manifestation d'un dictateur.
Enfin comment voulez-vous qu'un investisseur aille investir dans ce pays, si du jour au lendemain, Madame le Première dame n'est contente de ce qu'a écrit X ou Y, appelle son mari, qui appelle le ministre, qui lui finit par menacer les fournisseurs d'accès à internet. Au XXIe siècle, il faut que ça s'arrête.
Par

          What’s it Like to Train Celebrities with Guns?      Cache   Translate Page      

Which celebrities are the best shooters? What was it like to train Keanu Reeves for John Wick? Do the Kardashians really shoot? Could Zack Morris Mozambique Screech if he wanted to? In this episode of TFBTV, James Reeves interviews Taran Butler of Taran Tactical Innovations in Los Angeles. TTI has a reputation as the training […]

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The post What’s it Like to Train Celebrities with Guns? appeared first on The Firearm Blog.


          Compassionate Care ministry in Mozambique celebrates 100th patient      Cache   Translate Page      
Mozambique (MNN) -- Deep in the bush of Mozambique, medical resources are hard to come by. For those living with chronic pain, even aspirin is a luxury. If a man or woman or child is coming to the end of their life, there is often little-to-no access to hospice care. The Compassionate Care team with Audio Scripture Ministries stands in the gap for Mozambicans who need hospice or palliative care. They recently celebrated their 100th patient -- a sobering milestone showing how necessary their care has been. Joshua Harrison with ASM explains, “Our Compassionate Care team helps distribute God’s Word in audio to their patients, and they deliver basic hygiene products and medicine. They offer compassionate care being the hands and feet of Jesus to people who receive very little hospital care, palliative care, [or] pain medication.”

(Photo courtesy of Audio Scripture Ministries)

The Compassionate Care ministry was started in 2015 by ASM missionary Dara Vanden Bosch in Mozambique. “She saw a young girl suffer with uncontrolled pain and die. As a trained nurse, Dara wanted to help reach out to that need in the community.” Since then, Harrison says, “She has been training a team of three Mozambican women who now make regular visits to patients.” There are currently 24 patients being served by ASM’s Compassionate Care team. The weekly journey to see each patient is difficult, and the team has to go “deep into the bush over pretty wild roads, sometimes bringing the supplies, bringing the care, talking with the patients, taking care of basic medical needs, and praying with them as well as seeing what they are listening to on their audio Bible and answering questions.” The audio Bible distribution is just as critical as the medical care, if not more so. While the Compassionate Care team meets temporal, physical needs, they also address spiritual needs. ASM records and distributes audio Bibles around the world, and making these resources available to patients in Mozambique prepares them for eternity. “As people are lying there, many times unable to move from their sick beds and their families maybe don’t even know how to take care of them, we come, we pray with them, we give them some basic medicine, [and] we see how God brings physical comfort as they are listening to the audio Bible and amazing spiritual peace to those who are turning to Him.” Last month, ASM also celebrated World Hospice and Palliative Care Day. The theme was, “Because I matter.”
mozambique

(Photo courtesy of Audio Scripture Ministries)

Harrison says, “This resonates with our vision for the Mozambican Compassionate Care team because everything that we’re doing there is because each person is precious to God. “As believers, we know everyone matters to God. ‘For God so loved the world.’ It’s a basic, underlying principle of why God is doing what He is doing and why He is calling us to reach out and to love people and to bring them into His Kingdom to proclaim the Gospel.” Knowing this truth -- that each person is precious in the eyes of our Heavenly Father -- how does that drive us to action? One thing you can do is come alongside ASM and their Compassionate Care team as they provide palliative and hospice care to beloved men, women, and children in Mozambique. “We ask you to pray for our team as they make these visits. The travel is often precarious. The situations are often difficult. Many times since many of these patients come when they are at death’s doorstep, a lot of times the team doesn’t have long with these patients. So pray for open hearts to receive the Gospel,” asks Harrison. “Pray for strength for the team as they meet with and pray for these patients and help their families cope with loss, that God would strengthen our team and also that He would do great things in people’s lives.” To learn more about partnering with ASM, click here!     Header photo courtesy of Audio Scripture Ministries.
          African Athletes      Cache   Translate Page      
Septmeber 2016 515.JPG
Any hot African athletes interested in exchanging emails.

I am a Coach in the United States
sometimes visit South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Senegal and Mozambique looking for athletes

I am on the DOWN LOW (CLOSETED) so I am not out, but some of my players may know because of common interest

I am white (Italian Heritage)
45 years old
5'9
200 pounds
educated and professional

my facebook is house4azia
          Re: Maputo Mozambique      Cache   Translate Page      
I will be visiting Mozambique soon,possibly in a month's time or 2months. How about more detailed direction of the places where the guys hang around and who to contact to show me around. You can also reach me on:moskhumalo@gmail.com.


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