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          Exploration Space      Cache   Translate Page      
Video: Exploration Space
Watch This Video!
Studio: ICRR
This is an award-winning series based on U.S. Achievements in space by NASA. Mysteries of the Universe: William Shatner guides us through out universe from tiny atoms to black holes and novas. Astro Miles: Humorous, human side of space experiments. Mercury Exploration: Animated and technically brilliant. Challenger Explosion: The terrible tragedy that killed 7 Astronauts, new evidence. How? Why?

          Student and Teacher-led Data Collection using Air Sensors during the DISCOVER-AQ Study      Cache   Translate Page      
Citizen scientists can contribute valuable information to research studies through activities such as data collection and data analysis. The emergence of low-cost air sensors has stimulated more citizen science involvement in collecting air measurements, complementing citizen’s desire to be more engaged and aware of air quality within their local community. In September 2013, a low-cost air sensor project involving citizen scientists was conducted in the Houston, Texas area under the umbrella of the NASA-led DISCOVER-AQ Earth Venture Mission. Teachers and students at seven local schools collected ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) measurements using the CairClip sensor (O3/NO2 version and the NO2 version) for approximately one month. The participating schools were within 18 miles of a monitoring site containing regulatory-grade air quality measurements for comparison. Results indicated that the data collected by citizen scientists had similar trends compared to the nearby regulatory-grade monitoring site measurements. The schools provided supplementary measurement sites to understand the spatial variability of O3 and NO2 in the Houston area. Additional results of this study will be discussed along with lessons learned and recommendations for collaborating with students and teachers on low-cost sensor projects.
           Video: se clavó un cuchillo en la cabeza para curarse de un resfrío      Cache   Translate Page      
El sujeto, que sufría congestión nasal, se incrustó una hoja de 20 centímetros en el cráneo para "poder respirar", según admitió a la policía. 
          NASA head: Space station hole cause will be determined and ties with Roscosmos will continue      Cache   Translate Page      
The head of the U.S. space agency said Tuesday that he’s sure that investigators will determine the cause of a mysterious hole that appeared on ...
          Flu Shot Or Nasal Spray? CDC Now Says Both Vaccines Just As Effective      Cache   Translate Page      
This year, there's a new recommendation when it comes to getting a flu shot.
          Estancias del rio vendo casa con amplio patio      Cache   Translate Page      
290000
Samborondon estancias del río vendo hermosa casa de 2 plantas3 dormitorios 3 1/2 baños sala comedor cocinasala de estar area de lavanderia c/e patio amplioaire central planta baja splits en dormitorios casa con diseño de janina cabalforma de pago...
3 habitaciones 3 baños 375 m² 773 USD/m² desde bancos
Sun, 07 Oct 2018 15:11:12 +0200
          NASA Television to Air Launch of NASA Astronaut on First Space Mission      Cache   Translate Page      

Astronaut  Nick Hague, who joined NASA's astronaut corps in 2013, is preparing to launch Thursday, Oct. 11, on his first space mission – a six-month stay on the  International Space Station. The launch and arrival at the space station will air on NASA Television and the agency's  website. Hague and Alexey Ovchinin of the Russian space agency Roscosmos will launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 4:40 a.m. EDT (2:40 p.m. Kazakhstan time) on a four-orbit, six-hour journey to do...

Read the full story at https://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=229817


          Skin Care Review: StriVectin Tightening Face Serum      Cache   Translate Page      
Since I turned 50 and then some, one of my main concerns about my skin is lack of elasticity, firmness. I am pretty much obsessed with pinching my skin on a regular basis to see if it “snaps back.” So, of course I’m constantly on the search for the skin care products that help keep my skin as firm as possible. One that I recently used is StriVectin Tightening Face Serum. About StriVectin Tightening Face Serum $99 An innovative formula restores elasticity and visibly firms skin for a sculpted, more youthful silhouette. This lightweight, fast absorbing face serum delivers both visible tightening and skincare benefits, nourishing skin, strengthening the skin barrier and protecting with antioxidants. Skin feels tighter, softer and more supple and facial contours looks more defined and voluminous. WHAT IT DOES Tightens the appearance of skin surface Firms and sculpts the look of facial contours Improves skin elasticity and resiliency Leaves skin feeling smoother and more toned It’s all about elasticity when it comes to firmer looking skin as you age. It allows tissues in the body to “snap back” to their original shape after being stretched or contracted. My results: I have to admit, I was pretty skeptical about StriVectin Tightening Face Serum seriously improving my skin texture. I’ve tried so many serums that promise to tighten, but it never happens. That is so not the case here… I used StriVectin Tightening Face Serum twice daily for about 2 month (the entire bottle) and was amazed at the results of my skin from the first week to the last. After about a week of using this skin tightening serum I could tell the difference in the feel of my skin, that it was firming up. After 30 days I saw significant tightening in my nasal labial lines (nose to mouth line). Plus, I had a hard time pinching my cheek (that’s a good thing.) By the time I finished my entire bottle, not only was my skin much, much firmer, but a bit lifted as well because the slackness in my jaw area was decreased. I also used StriVectin Tightening Face Serum on my neck, even though they also have a neck cream (which I am also trying out) and I see similar results on that skin as well. An aside — this is a great reminder that your skin care regimen should always include your neck and décolleté. I love that this product can be used in conjunction with your current skin care regimen, just add it in as your treatment layer — after cleansing and before moisturizing. Also, always, always use a sunscreen daily. Especially if you are expecting results from your anti-aging skin care regimen. Check out my before and after pictures: Before using StriVectin Tightening Face Serum After using StriVectin Tightening Face Serum  (I’ve got a little tan here)     Bling Factor: Pro: Lightweight, absorbs quickly, can be used with other skin care regimens, lifts, firms, tightens Con: None Price: $99 Buy again: Yes Packaging: 5 Blings Overall: 5 Blings Hero Ingredients: Peptides, Algae Extract, NIA-114™ Natural/Organic/Vegan: No Cruelty Free: Yes SHOP:  
          NASA’s Voyager 2 Probe Will Soon Leave the Solar System      Cache   Translate Page      
Judging by a recent increase in cosmic rays, scientists estimate that the Voyager 2 probe may be nearing the edge of the solar system. Once it passes through the heliopause, the 41-year-old probe will become only the second man-made object to enter interstellar space.
          La Comunidad de Madrid, administración competente en materia de educación de personas adultas, no renueva su compromiso con Getafe      Cache   Translate Page      
El Gobierno Municipal de Getafe llevará al Pleno la educación de personas adultas para alcanzar un compromiso unánime que permita favorecer y ampliar el servicio que actualmente se está prestando. La educación de personas adultas es uno de los programas con mayor reconocimiento en los barrios y que lleva en marcha décadas.  


Sin embargo, la Comunidad de Madrid, administración competente en materia de educación, no renueva su compromiso con Getafe desde el año 2012. El concejal de Educación, Herminio Vico, ha reclamado que “la implicación del Gobierno regional es nula en estos momentos a pesar de la importancia del programa. El apoyo económico de la Comunidad de Madrid nos permitiría mejorarlo para llegar a más vecinos y vecinas”.

Más de 650 alumnos y alumnas acuden cada curso a los centros cívicos para aprender y mejorar sus conocimientos. Este programa que goza de gran éxito, se dirige a multitud de perfiles sociales, como personas con bajo nivel cultural, en riesgo de exclusión social, sin estudios, vecinos o vecinas con expectativas de entrar en el mundo laboral, desempleados, jubilados, extranjeros que no dominan el idioma, etcétera.

El gobierno de la Comunidad de Madrid deja en manos únicamente del Ayuntamiento de Getafe labores que le competen legalmente, ignorando no solo las recomendaciones de organismos supranacionales que aconsejan promover la educación a lo largo de toda la vida, sino también el propio artículo 27 de la Constitución. 

          Ледяная луна Юпитера усеяна огромными шипами: инопланетная аномалия      Cache   Translate Page      
Ученые давно мечтали подробно исследовать покрытый льдами спутник Юпитера, Европу, который стал вместилищем огромного подповерхностного океана — потенциально обитаемой средой. В последнее время мечты получили внушительное подкрепление в виде финансовой поддержки со стороны Конгресса США, который направил NASA средства на постройку исследовательского зонда Europa Clipper, который будет исследовать структуру ледяной коры Европы из космоса. Задача […]
          Basilica palladiana, le prossime chiusure      Cache   Translate Page      
La Basilica palladiana rimarrà chiusa nel pomeriggio di venerdì 12 ottobre per consentire l’allestimento della cena che si terrà in serata nel loggiato per l’inaugurazione di “be_ART”, il nuovo festival dell’arte in programma in città dal 13 al 26 ottobre. Sarà inoltre chiusa per le intere giornate di sabato 20 e domenica 21 ottobre per la competizione di idee “Space Apps Challenge” promossa e ideata dalla Nasa. In tutte e tre le giornate saranno pertanto sospese le passeggiate didattiche gratuite in Basilica palladiana organizzate da Pantarhei in collaborazione con l'associazione Ardea. Per altre informazioni consulta la scheda dedicata alla Basilica palladiana            
          Comment on NASA’s “Spot the Station” Will Text or Email You When the Space Station Passes Over Your Home by Jonathan Ruiz      Cache   Translate Page      
To stop yelowstone only take frozen temp to stop from eruption an save de world its requires alot of salt from the ocean
          Hubble Space Telescope Malfunction Won't Last Long, NASA Says      Cache   Translate Page      
Worry rippled through the astronomical community this weekend as NASA announced that the Hubble Space Telescope was in safe mode — but NASA confirmed in a statement released yesterday (Oct. 8) that the agency expected the instrument to be back at work soo
          Astronaut Rick Searfoss, Who Flew On Three Space Shuttle Missions, Dies at 62      Cache   Translate Page      
Rick Searfoss, a former NASA astronaut who launched on three space shuttle missions before serving as a test pilot for a commercial rocket plane, has died. He was 62. Searfoss flew as pilot on two missions and commanded his third.
          First Orion Service Module Ready for Shipment to the US      Cache   Translate Page      
The first European-built service module for NASA's Orion spacecraft is finally ready to be shipped to the United States for final preparations before a scheduled mid-2020 launch.
          NASA’s Plan To Save Earth From The Yellowstone Supervolcano      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Local Comercial En Venta En Calle Benasal, Castellón De La Plana, Castellón      Cache   Translate Page      
179000
Local situado en la provincia de castellón. Se encuentra en el bajo de un edificio residencial de nueve alturas. Consta de 357 m2 construidos y de 331 m2 útiles. Se encuentra en buen estado de conservación. Se sitúaen el bajo de un conjunto...
630 m² 284 EUR/m²
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 19:47:00 +0200
          Tang Multifungsi Lipat      Cache   Translate Page      
Tang Multifungsi Lipat






Tersedia warna : Biru, Merah, Silver, Hijau
Bila warna yang diminta tidak tersedia maka akan dikirim RANDOM

Tang Multi 8 Fungsi
Bentuk : Tang Multi 8 Fungsi

1. CAN OPENER (Pembuka kaleng sarden dll)
2. Obeng (+) n (-)
3. Pisau
4. Tang ( Buat ngangkat nesting kalau gagangnya ga ada / kepanasan gak usah pakai kain)
5. bottle opener
6. Gergaji
7. Wire cutter
8. Senter

Termasuk Pouch/Tempat buat Tang nya.

Berat : 90 Gram

Harga (Update Oktober 2018) : Rp. 18.500,-

Belanja Online Klik Disini:
https://www.palugada.com/Tang-Multifungsi-Lipat
          Насадка      Cache   Translate Page      
2,00 бел. руб.
До завершения осталось 29 дней (Окончание торгов 9 ноября в 01:12:45)
Купить | В избранное

          World needs to make near-revolutionary change to avoid imminent climate disaster. Is there hope?      Cache   Translate Page      
Unless we immediately reduce the burning of coal and oil and gas that drive up global temperatures, a new UN report warns the world will suffer tremendous consequences as early as 2040. William Brangham talks with Rafe Pomerance of the Woods Hole Research Center and Gavin Schmidt from the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies.
          Decisão do governo Trump ameaça a conservação ambiental, denunciam cientistas      Cache   Translate Page      
Urso-negro é encontrado em quase todo território dos EUA.  (Foto: Creative Commons / werner22brigitte)

 

A decisão de priorizar a ciência “publicamente disponível, reproduzível e revisada por pares” para tomar decisões foi assinada pelo vice-secretário do Departamento do Interior do governo Trump, David Bernhardt, em 28 de setembro, visando aumentar a confiança da agência na "melhor ciência disponível", de acordo com comunicado.

Parece uma iniciativa lógica até, afinal sempre é melhor contar com a melhor ciência possível, mas a medida gerou protestos dentro dos Estados Unidos. Isso porque a medida pode fazer, na verdade, o oposto, denunciam cientistas. Ela pode afastar os funcionários do Departamento do Interior de estudos que confiam em informações frequentemente mantidas em sigilo para proteger espécies ameaçadas, como dados de localização e detalhes de proprietários de terra. Ou os cientistas tornam públicas informações sensíveis como essas ou não podem continuar esses dados em estudos.

Leia também:
Trump cancela programa da NASA que pesquisa aquecimento global
A psicologia por trás das pessoas que apoiam Donald Trump


“Na superfície, parece uma regra para aumentar a transparência, mas pelo histórico não parece provável", disse ao BuzzFeed News Charise Johnson, pesquisadora da União dos Cientistas Preocupados (UCS). Uma pesquisa da UCS com cientistas federais, publicada em agosto, mostrou que muitos no Departamento do Interior relataram ter sofrido censura e interferência política no trabalho.

“Essa ordem surgiu em resposta a preocupações perenes de que o Departamento não forneceu informações suficientes ao público para explicar como e por que ele chega a certas conclusões, ou que é uma ciência seletiva para apoiar resultados pré-determinados”, Heather Swift, porta-voz da agência disse ao BuzzFeed News.

Essa regra é similar a outra proposta controversa, feita pela Agência de Proteção Ambiental (EPA), que restringiria a ciência usada para as regras ambientais e de saúde pública, alertam cientistas. E-mails internos recém-divulgados mostram que os próprios cientistas da EPA não estavam envolvidos na elaboração da regra, que tem sido contestada pela Associação Americana para o Avanço da Ciência (AAAS), pela Associação Americana de Saúde Pública e por mais de 60 outros cientistas, médicos e grupos acadêmicos.

Em uma audiência no Congresso na quarta-feira sobre a regra de transparência científica da EPA, o diretor executivo da AAAS, Rush Holt, ex-membro do Congresso de Nova Jersey, disse que a proposta "não é sobre transparência ou ciência sólida". "Trata-se de reduzir as regulamentações e essa mudança provavelmente resultaria em danos às pessoas e ao meio ambiente”, afirmou.

A diretriz do Interior não é tão restritiva quanto a da EPA, dando ao pessoal uma oportunidade de usar qualquer ciência que julgue apropriada, desde que explique seu raciocínio.

"Qualquer decisão baseada em conclusões científicas que não sejam apoiadas por dados brutos publicamente disponíveis, análise ou metodologia, não tenham sido revisadas por pares ou não sejam prontamente reproduzíveis deve incluir uma explicação de por que essa ciência é a melhor informação disponível", diz a ordem.

Curte o conteúdo da GALILEU? Tem mais de onde ele veio: baixe o app Globo Mais para ler reportagens exclusivas e ficar por dentro de todas as publicações da Editora Globo. Você também pode assinar a revista, a partir de R$ 4,90, e ter acesso às nossas edições.


          2 Makanan Asli Indonesia yang Terinspirasi dari Perselingkuhan      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Tak hanya dikenal dengan pesona alamnya, Indonesia juga terkenal dengan wisata kulinernya yang kaya akan rasa. Setiap daerah di Indonesia memiliki makanan dengan cita rasa yang khas.

Rendang, nasi goreng, dan satai adalah beberapa nama makanan khas Indonesia yang sudah menjadi favorit wisatawan mancanegara. Bahkan makanan tersebut masuk dalam daftar makanan paling enak di dunia versi CNN 2017.

Tapi, bukan hanya makanan tersebut saja yang enak dan menggugah selera. Masih banyak makanan tradisional Indonesia yang memiliki rasa lezat dengan beragam nama yang unik. Misalnya, dua makanan ini.

Mendengar namanya, mungkin pikiran Anda langsung tertuju dengan pasangan yang tak setia. Penasaran?

Udang Selingkuh

Udang Selingkuh, makanan khas Papua Barat (Liputan6.com/sumber foto: akun instagram @aidan_darwinds)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Menjadi makanan khas Papua Barat, nama makanan ini memang unik dan bikin penasaran. Nama makanan ini Udang Selingkuh. Udang selingkuh ini sangat populer di wilayah Wamena, Papua Barat.

Sebagian warga Papua Barat menganggap udang ini berselingkuh dengan kepiting karena udang yang menjadi bahan utama, punya capit seperti kepiting. Biasanya, udang selingkuh dimasak dengan cara dibakar dengan cabai, tomat, bawang dan garam.

* Update Terkini Asian Para Games 2018 Mulai dari Jadwal Pertandingan, Perolehan Medali hingga Informasi Terbaru di Sini.

Kue Selingkuh

kue selingkuh, makanan khas penduduk Pulau Seribu (liputan6.com/sumber foto: budaya indonesia.org)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Jika berwisata ke Pulau Pramuka di Kepulauan Seribu, Jakarta, jangan heran jika Anda ditawarkan jajanan unik khas penduduk sana. Namanya kue selingkuh.

Kue ini terbuat dari beras yang diaroni dengan santan kelapa, lalu dibungkus dengan daun pisang dan diisi dengan tumbukan ikan yang berbumbu dapur. Kue ini dimasak dengan cara dikukus.

Saksikan video pilihan di bawah ini:


          Philip Treacy, Sosok Penting di Balik Topi-Topi Cantik Kate Middleton      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Para putri Kerajaan Inggris, termasuk Duchess of Cambridge Kate Middleton, seringkali tampil dengan hiasan kepala atau topi-topi cantik dan unik saat menghadiri acara. Salah satu yang menarik perhatian adalah topi warna krem berlidah lebar yang dikenakannya saat upacara Trooping the Colour.

Bentuk topi yang dikenakan Kate Middleton pada 11 Juni 2016 lalu, menarik perhatian karena hiasan berbentuk bunga mawar besar di bawah lidah topi. Penampilannya elegan tetapi tetap menawan saat ia duduk di samping Camilla Parker Bowles, ibu mertuanya.

Banyak lagi topi yang dikenakan Kate hingga memesona publik. Topi-topi itu kebanyakan hasil kreativitas Philip Treacy, lelaki Irlandia yang lahir pada 26 Mei 1967.

Dilansir hellomagazine.com, Treacy adalah anak kedua dari delapan bersaudara yang menempuh studi di National College of Art and Design Dublin dan melanjutkannya ke Royal College of Art di London.

Ia kemudian mengkhususkan diri pada desain topi yang awalnya menggunakan barang-barang dari pasar barang bekas. Tak lama setelah kelulusannya pada 1991, karya Treacy mulai menaik perhatian banyak rumah mode, seperti Chanel, Valentino, Versace, dan Rifat Ozbek.

Ia lalu mendirikan perusahaan atas namanya sendiri dan meraih gelar Accessory Designer of the Year pada British Fashion Award hingga lima kali. Meski kebanyakan topinya dijual secara terbatas, Treacy juga sempat menjual karyanya ke toko fashion kelas menengah, Debenhams.

 

* Update Terkini Asian Para Games 2018 Mulai dari Jadwal Pertandingan, Perolehan Medali hingga Informasi Terbaru di Sini.

 

Hiasi Tamu Pernikahan Meghan Markle

Pangeran William dan Kate Middleton bersama anak-anak mereka tiba pada acara pembaptisan Pangeran Louis di Chapel Royal, St. James Palace, Senin (9/7). Ini menjadi penampilan pertama kalinya mereka muncul berlima di publik. (Dominic Lipinski/Pool via AP)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Meski begitu, karya Treacy sudah lekat dengan kalangan atas. Ia bahkan mendesain 20 topi yang dikenakan para tamu undangan pernikahan Pangeran Harry dan Meghan Markle pada 19 Mei 2018 lalu. Termasuk di antaranya Camilla, Kate Middleton, dan Oprah Winfrey.

Penasaran dengan harga topi-topi cantik karya Treacy? Sebuah topi berdesain mirip yang dikenakan Kate Middleton pada acara tersebut di atas misalnya, dihargai 1.725 dolar AS di situs lyst.com. Tetapi, Trilby Hat dengan desain lebih sederhana dihargai mulai 400-an dolar AS.

Jelang pernikahan anggota Kerajaan Inggris, Putri Eugenie pada minggu ini, Treacy dipastikan akan kembali sibuk. Mari nantikan topi-topi karyanya mempercantik tampilan para pesohor, termasuk Kate Middleton.

Saksikan video pilihan berikut ini:


          HEADLINE: Horor Likuifaksi di Palu Berpotensi Terulang, Apa Solusinya?      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Arisan sedang menanam terung saat azan maghrib berkumandang. Pria 45 tahun itu segera menghentikan aktivitasnya untuk menunaikan ibadah salat. Namun, ia tak kuasa melangkah. Dahsyatnya guncangan gempa magnitudo 7,4 pada Jumat 28 September 2018 membuat tubuhnya tak berdaya.

Istrinya, Zumiati yang sedang memasak berusaha keras keluar. "Gempa!," teriak perempuan itu. Rumah mereka sudah doyong. Suara tembok yang retak terdengar mengerikan. Segala benda berjatuhan, termasuk wajan, panci, sodet dan segala perabotan yang ada di dapur. 

Tiba-tiba bumi terbelah. Lumpur muncrat deras. "Tanah sudah tidak karuan. Naik turun. Tidak ada tempat berlindung. Kita mau injak tanah amblas lagi, tidak ada yang rata," kata warga Biromaru, Sigi itu kepada Liputan6.com, Senin (8/10/2018). 

Arisan kemudian menyaksikan rumah-rumah di kampungnya bergeser ke arah timur. Ia dan keluarganya segera menyelamatkan diri ke tanggul Petobo. Pria itu hanya bisa menatap sedih tempat tinggalnya yang hancur terbelah tiga, lalu amblas di tengah kubangan lumpur.  

Arisan menduga, tanah di kampungnya amblas sekitar empat meter disebabkan lokasinya di daerah persawahan. "Di atas irigasi-irigasinya mungkin air meresap ke tanah semua. Makanya, tanahnya itu goyang," kata dia.

Ia mengaku tak pernah mendengar cerita atau hikayat tentang tanah padat yang tiba-tiba mencair dan bergerak naik turun seperti ombak. Apalagi mendengar kata likuifaksi (liquefaction) atau 'tanah yang mencair', yang menjelaskan peristiwa horor yang dialaminya. 

Peristiwa serupa juga terjadi di Kompleks Balaroa, Palu. Bahkan lebih parah. Area seluas 47,8 hektar hancur karena likuifaksi. Sekitar 1.747 rumah amblas bersama segala isinya, termasuk manusia-manusia di dalamnya.

Zainal sedang ada di kantor saat gempa mengguncang. Ia pun lari tunggang-langgang menuju rumahnya di Perumnas Balaroa. Hatinya tak karuan memikirkan nasib istrinya, Hilda dan anak-anak mereka. 

Belum sampai ke tujuan, ia bertemu keluarganya. "Kami melihat rumah kami masuk ke dalam tanah," ucap dia. "Hampir 100 persen rumah rata dengan tanah, banyak korban meninggal."

Tak hanya kehilangan tempat tinggal. Zainal juga kehilangan tujuh anggota keluarganya. Sementara, lima lainnya dipastikan meninggal dunia. 

Kini, tak lagi ada seruan-seruan minta tolong yang sempat terdengar pada awal kejadian likuifaksi. 

Tanah di Balaroa sudah mengeras, meski belum padat. Tim SAR, TNI, dan relawan terpaksa menggunakan alat berat untuk mengevakuasi korban yang masih tertimbun. 

Karena likuifaksi berpotensi terjadi di tempat yang sama. Peristiwa mengerikan ini mungkin akan terulang. Entah kapan.

Infografis Likuifaksi Fenomena Tanah Bergerak (Liputan6.com/Triyasni)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Tak Boleh Dihuni

Usai mengalami likuifaksi, tiga kelurahan di Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah, yaitu Petobo, Balaroa dan Jono Oge akan ditutup dan tak lagi dijadikan hunian masyarakat.

Kepala Pusat Data, Informasi dan Humas BNPB Sutopo Purwo Nugroho mengatakan, pemerintah berencana membangun ruang terbuka hijau dan monumen untuk dijadikan sebagai tempat bersejarah.

"Lokasi likuifaksi itu akan ditutup dan akan dijadikan ruang terbuka hijau serta menjadi memorial park atau tempat bersejarah dan akan dibangun monumen," kata Sutopo di Kantor BNPB, Jakarta Timur, Selasa (9/10/2018).

Selain itu, ia mengungkapkan, para korban yang selamat dari musibah itu akan menggelar doa bersama untuk mereka yang tewas. Doa bersama rencana akan dilakukan pada Kamis besok.

Doa bersama itu juga bertepatan dengan berakhirnya masa pencarian korban di lokasi likuifaksi Kota Palu. Penghentian pencarian tersebut mempertimbangkan kondisi jenazah yang ditemukan dalam keadaan terurai dan sudah tak lagi dikenali.

"Korban yang berhasil dievakuasi, jika sudah 14 hari itu sudah melepuh atau susah dikenali. Jenazah yang ditemukan langsung dimakamkan. Karena berpotensi menimbulkan penyakit," ungkap Sutopo.

Sebelumnya, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB) akan menghentikan pencarian korban meninggal dunia pada Kamis besok di Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah. Wilayah yang akan dihentikan itu yakni di Kelurahan Petobo, Balaroa dan Jono Oge.

Sutopo mengatakan, ketiga daerah yang dihentikan untuk pencarian korban itu merupakan wilayah yang terjadi atau terkena likuifaksi. "Jadi mulai 11 Oktober 2018 secara resmi proses evakuasi disetop," kata Sutopo.

Saksikan video terkait likuifaksi berikut ini: 

Nalodo yang Terlupakan

Pantauan udara ratusan rumah terendam lumpur dan tanah di Petobo, Palu Selatan, Sulawesi Tengah, Rabu (3/10). Fenomena likuifaksi tersebut terjadi pasca gempa berkekuatan 7,4. (Liputan6.com/Fery Pradolo)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Bencana rangkap tiga melanda Palu dan sekitarnya pada 28 September 2018: gempa, tsunami, dan likuifaksi.

Kepala Pusat Gempa dan Tsunami BMKG Rahmat Triyono mengatakan, hal itu tergolong unik.  "Kejadian ini juga belum pernah ada dalam sejarah kegempaan, meskipun dalam gempa paling diikuti likuifaksi iya, gempa diikuti tsunami iya dan itu enggak semua. Nah ini semua terjadi di Palu, gempa, tsunami dan likuifaksi," kata dia saat dihubungi Liputan6.com, Selasa (9/10/2018). 

Sejatinya bukan kali ini saja likuifaksi melanda Palu. Rahmat mengatakan, terdapat riwayat likuifaksi di ibu kota Sulawesi tengah itu. Namun, kisah tentang malapetaka itu tak diwariskan hingga generasi saat ini. 

Di wilayah tersebut, dikenal istilah nalodo yang berarti amblas dihisap lumpur. "Itu sudah pernah terjadi beberapa puluhan tahun lalu, itu sudah ada," kata dia.

Dia mengatakan, ke depan perlu ada survei mengenai titik mana saja yang rawan likuifaksi. Tim dari geologi atau BMKG harus turun memetakan tata kota Palu ke depan, mana yang aman dan mana yang bahaya.

Rahmat menyebutkan, tanah bekas likuifaksi sebaiknya tidak digunakan lagi. Sebab, sejarah bisa kembali berulang di masa depan. Jika gempa kembali mengguncang.

Senada, Peneliti Puslit Geoteknologi LIPI Adrin Tohari menambahkan, lebih baik masyarakat yang menempati kawasan bekas likuifaksi direlokasi. Selain mahal, perbaikan untuk memadatkan tanah justru berpotensi bahaya.

"Karena likuifaksi juga akan terjadi terus menerus. Kalau terjadi bencana yang sangat kuat, tanah itu akan terus mengalami likuifaksi di lokasi yang sama," kata dia kepada Liputan6.com.

Adrin mengatakan, tidak masalah bila lahan bekas likuifaksi dijadikan tempat budi daya seperti pertanian dan perkebunan, atau untuk olahraga. Asal, jangan untuk kawasan hunian.

Pemetaan di Palu juga harus diperjelas, mana yang rawan terkena dampak tsunami, guncangan gempa, dan likuifaksi. 

Mengapa Hanya di Beberapa Titik?

Adrin Tohari mengatakan, ada pertanyaan besar yang belum terjawab, mengapa likuifaksi hanya terjadi di beberapa titik saja seperti Balaroa, Petobo, hingga Jono Oge. 

Kemungkinan besar, kata dia, ada faktor di bawah permukaan tanah yang mengontrol fenomena likuifaksi di daerah tersebut.

"Ini yang jadi pertanyaan kami untuk ketahui. Faktor apa yang kontrol likuifaksi dahsyat di lokasi itu," kata Adrin.

Dia mengatakan, wilayah yang mengalami likuifaksi harus dihindari, terutama untuk hunian. Namun, likuifaksi yang berupa semburan pasir masih bisa diatasi, dengan bangunan yang ditinggikan.

"Ketika likuifaksi, air ke atas akan merusak lantai rumah, dan penurunan pondasi. Jadi pondasi harus kuat untuk tempat tinggal. Lantai harus dinaikkan. Kalau misalnya bangunan bertingkat, pondasi harus dalam dan lapisan tanah keras," kata dia.

Dia mengatakan, untuk wilayah lingkup perumahan, harus diperbaiki kepadatan tanahnya karena likuifaksi terjadi di tanah gembur. Tanah padat, ketika menerima guncangan gempa, tidak akan menimbulkan likuifaksi.

Metode pemadatan tanah juga harys digunakan untuk proyek pembangunan infrastuktur penting seperti di bandara, pelabuhan, yang dekat dengan laut.

Masyarakat terutama di daerah pesisir, ketika membangun rumah, diimbau agar lantai dibuatseperti semi panggung. Hal ini berkaca dari gempa Padang 2009. Kala itu, banyak bangunan yang rusak dan lantainya naik setengah meter sementara pondasi turun setengah meter, namun bangunan masih utuh berdiri.

Sementara itu, Ahli Geologi dari Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) Imam Sadisun mengatakan, llikuifaksi terjadi di tanah yang jenuh air, di endapan lepas, di mana konsolidasi tanah tak terlalu padat, hingga muka air tanah yang tidak terlalu dalam.

Likuifaksi bisa dipicu gempa kekuatan magnitudo di atas 5 dan yang kedalamannya dangkal.

Imam menyatakan, likuifaksi di Palu dan sekitarnya sangat dahsyat. Berbeda dengan wilayah lain yang tidak mengakibatkan kerusakan masif.

"Di Lombok ada retakan keluar pasir dan keluar air seperti muncrat membawa material pasir dan sumur penduduk keluar pasir," kata Iman. Selain Palu dan Lombok, likuifaksi juga terjadi saat gempa di Aceh pada 2004, Yogyakarta dan Bengkulu."

Imam mengatakan, likuifaksi terjadi pada kedalaman kurang dari 20 meter, artinya tanah yang sifatnya menjadi air dalamnya tidak lebih dari 20 meter. Jadi, jika ada bangunan dengan pondasi sedalam 50 hingga 100 meter, baru dipastikan aman dari bahaya.

 

Niigata hingga Sodom

Pantauan udara ratusan rumah terendam lumpur dan tanah di Petobo, Palu, Sulawesi Tengah, Rabu (3/10). Fenomena likuifaksi merupakan hilangnya kekuatan tanah akibat besarnya massa dan volume lumpur yang keluar pasca gempa. (Liputan6.com/Fery Pradolo)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Ini yang dikisahkan dalam kitab suci tiga agama, Yahudi, Kristen, dan Islam: api dan belerang panas berjatuhan dari langit. Sementara itu, bumi gonjang-ganjing. Kota Sodom dan Gomora binasa dalam sekejap. Hilang tertelan Bumi. Situasi dramatis itu dipicu kemarahan Tuhan atas dosa-dosa para penghuninya.

Apakah Sodom dan Gomora hanya sekedar kisah atau nyata terjadi, para arkeolog, ilmuwan gempa, dan ahli agama belum mencapai kata sepakat.

Namun, pada tahun 2011, ahli geologi asal Inggris Graham Harris dan Anthony Beardow mengungkapkan, dua kota tersebut mungkin nyata. Letaknya diduga di semenanjung Laut Mati.

"Mungkin kita akan menemukan benda-benda dari kota itu. Misalnya tanda 'kereta kuda dlarang masuk' di luar balai kota Sodom," kata Harris seperti dikutip dari Independent.

Dalam jurnal Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology, kedua ilmuwan berpendapat bahwa kisah Sodom dan Gomorah, didasarkan pada realitas geologis, bukan mitos belaka.

Harris yakin, kota Sodom terkubur di bawah lapisan lumpur dan puing-puing. Pun dengan manusia-manusia di dalamnya.  

Para ilmuwan juga mencoba menguak misteri penyebab lenyapnya Sodom dan Gomora yang diperkirakan terjadi sekitar tahun 1900 SM. Tersangkanya, menurut Harris dan Beardow adalah likuifaksi.

Pendapat tersebut didukung catatan sejarah tentang peradaban masa lalu yang musnah ditelan bumi. 

Misalnya, di Yunani pada abad ke-4 SM, sebuah kota hancur oleh likuifaksi atau runtuhnya tanah dalam peristiwa gempa bumi. Di Kansu, China, sebuah area yang sangat luas hilang karena likuifaksi pada tahun 1920.

Dan, yang terpenting pantai timur Laut Mati -- di mana Sodom dan Gomora diperkirakan berada, terletak di sepanjang patahan geologi, di mana gempa bumi sering terjadi.

Lindu besar, kata para ahli geologi, bisa menyebabkan likuifaksi dalam skala yang cukup besar untuk menelan kota Sodom, pun dengan Gomora.

Gambaran apokaliptik bak negara dunia saat Sodom tenggelam di dalam tanah, mungkin dipicu bitumen yang terbakar. Yang menimbulkan efek seperti hujan api.

Sementara, seperti dikutip dari situs Berkeley Seismology Lab, kali pertama para seismolog mengetahui secara utuh peristiwa likuifaksi adalah pada 1964.

Kala itu, pada 16 Juni 1964 sekitar pukul 13.01 waktu setempat, gempa dengan magnitudo 7,5 atau 7,6 mengguncang Niigata, Jepang.

Kota Niigata, yang baru saja pulih dari kebakaran besar pada tahun 1955, rusak berat akibat guncangan dahsyat juga likuifaksi.

Dampak likuifaksi akibat gempa di Niigata, Jepang pada 1964 (Wikipedia/Public Domain)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Sejumlah bangunan apartemen tenggelam ke tanah atau bahkan terbalik saat tanah padat berubah cair dan kehilangan daya topangnya.

 


          Коли перший космічний Boeing з людьми покине Землю: у NASA назвали дату      Cache   Translate Page      
У NASA зробили заяву щодо першої SpaceX і Boeing із доставки членів команди на Міжнародну космічну станцію. За даними агентства перший космічний корабель з людьми на борту покине Землю вже у серпні 2019 року.

Про це повідомляє phys.org.

Так, місія SpaceX стартує у червні наступного року. А Boeing з людьми відлетить у серпні. При цьому обидві місії спочатку проведуть генеральні репетиції, перш ніж космічні апарати допустять до перевезення людей.

SpaceX проведе свою репетицію у січні 2019 року, а Boeing у березні наступного року. У першому польоті, який буде експериментальний, візьмуть участь двоє космонавтів. Обоє проведуть 2 тижні на МКС перед поверненням на планету.

У серпні космічний Boeing з людьми покине Землю

Так, SpaceX для польоту планує використовувати ракету Falcon 9 разом із капсулою Crew Dragon. Boeing використовуватиме ракетоносій Atlas V для виведення в космос Starliner.

Більше новин, що стосуються подій зі світу технологій, ґаджетів, штучного інтелекту, а також космосу читайте у розділі Техно


          goTenna and Samourai Wallet’s New Mobile App Works Without Internet Access      Cache   Translate Page      
goTenna Samourai

Brooklyn-based goTenna has launched TxTenna, a mobile app that allows users to send bitcoin without an internet connection. Built in partnership with Samourai Wallet, the mobile app will enable users to send bitcoin using a secure and private network free of censorship.

goTenna produces consumer-grade mesh networking devices which operate by allowing peers to connect directly to one another for the purpose of routing packets, sidestepping the need to rely on an ISP or cell tower.

“TxTenna demonstrates how decentralized mesh networking can both enhance the privacy and resiliency of Bitcoin transactions, and expand Bitcoin access to people living in areas without cell or wifi connectivity,” Rich Myers, DApps engineer at goTenna, said to Bitcoin Magazine.

Internet connections are not always reliable, and in some locations, they could be unavailable due to natural disasters. This is where the TxTenna app comes into play. The app will allow users to sync their smartphones with a goTenna mesh device, then toggle the settings to send and receive bitcoin. Mesh networks connect devices directly to one another, rather than going through a central point (Internet Service Provider).

“The reality is that local carriers or ISPs can associate subscribers with their transactions or censor Bitcoin transactions altogether. TxTenna provides an answer to these problems by decentralizing the critical transport layer, will enable truly decentralized bitcoin transactions,” said goTenna CEO Daniela Perdomo in a statement.

The new app, which is currently available for Android users, was built on goTenna's open SDK by Samourai Wallet developers. Explaining why Samourai Wallet was chosen for the partnership, Perdomo told Bitcoin Magazine that their MuleTools initiative was the difference maker.

“Late last year we began talking with the team at Samourai Wallet about including goTenna in their MuleTools initiative. The Samourai Wallet team are leaders in building advanced mobile bitcoin wallets. Inspired by Blockstream’s satellite, their open-source MuleTools initiative encourages more alternative transaction broadcast methods.”

To start transacting offline, users have to download both the Samourai Wallet mobile app and the TxTenna app, and then pair them to a goTenna Mesh device for connectivity. Once this connection is created, users can send bitcoins to anyone in the world and broadcast it on the blockchain.

“Other goTenna devices in the area relay the transaction until an internet connected goTenna node also running TxTenna receives it and forwards it to the Bitcoin network,” Myers added.

TxTenna is another step in boosting the security and diversity of internet connection across the blockchain. Last year, cryptographer Nick Szabo and blockchain engineer Elaine Ou proposed alternative methods for accessing the blockchain. These methods offer much more versatility to those who wish to avoid censored systems, and it opens up use cases for bitcoin adoption in regions with less developed internet infrastructure.


This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.


          La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

Los técnicos de la NASA están ya trabajando para solucionar la avería que sufre el telescopio espacial Hubble desde el pasado viernes y que ha obligado a suspender sus operaciones científicas, según ha anunciado la Agencia Espacial de Estados Unidos en un comunicado. El fallo afecta a uno de los tres giroscopios que el Hubble usa para apuntar y estabilizar el telescopio en el espacio.

etiquetas: hubble, nasa, telescópios

» noticia original (cadenaser.com)


          ¡Saltan las alarmas! En la nueva colección de Zara encontramos un bolso que no dejará indiferente a nadie (y tiene pinta de agotarse en breves)       Cache   Translate Page      

¡Saltan las alarmas! En la nueva colección de Zara encontramos un bolso que no dejará indiferente a nadie (y tiene pinta de agotarse en breves) #source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Las apuestas ya están sobre la mesa y la probabilidad de salir ilesa de ellas es baja... muy baja. Zara vuelve a ser noticia tras presentar complemento tan original y especial que las chicas de moda con más followers del momento (y un armario envidiable) ya lo tienen en su posesión. Se trata de un bolso tipo caja transparente donde los detalles de brillos y de dibujos toman el control de la situación. La pregunta es, ¿a qué esperas para hacerte con él?

Lujo parece, Zara es

Pese a que simple vista pueda parecer un bolso diseñado por una firma de lujo, lo cierto es que la marca española vuelve a conquistarnos con su originalidad al mejor precio. Este diseño está a la venta por 39,95 euros y poco a poco va conquistando el armario de las fashion insiders con más personalidad.

Bolso Caja Zara#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

¿Será una de esos complementos que desaparecerá como por arte de magia? El tiempo lo dirá...

Fotos | Instagram @ninasandbech
En Trendencias | Las prendas de Zara que nos hubiera gustado comprar antes de que se agotaran por completo (y esperamos que vuelvan)

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Clonados y pillados: el bolso "Chiquito" de Jacquemus puede ser tuyo gracias a Zara

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Estos son los 13 nuevos bolsos de Zara que podrían ser de alguna firma de lujo

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La noticia ¡Saltan las alarmas! En la nueva colección de Zara encontramos un bolso que no dejará indiferente a nadie (y tiene pinta de agotarse en breves) fue publicada originalmente en Trendencias por Charlie .


          Sjóðsstjórinn sem gerir sem minnst      Cache   Translate Page      
„Ég heiti Steve Edmundson og er sjóðstjóri lífeyrissjóðs opinberra starfsmanna í Nevada,“ segir Steve Edmundsson. Það mætti kannski segja að Steve þessi sé nægjusamur maður. Hann býr í hjólhýsahverfi, í 50 fermetra smáhýsi, með eiginkonu sinni og hundinum Bókar. Og hvað kemur það okkur við? Jú, það vill nefnilega þannig til að sjóðurinn sem Steve Edmundson stýrir er einn og sér svona nokkurn veginn jafn stór og allt íslenska lífeyrissjóðakerfið til samans. Nema hvað, á Íslandi eru sjóðirnir vel yfir tuttugu. „Nevada PERS is currently 41.2 billion dollars,“ segir hann. Sem eru hátt í 4.300 milljarðar króna, miðað við meðalgengi Bandaríkjadals á þessu ári . Heildareignir íslenskra lífeyrissjóða í lok síðasta árs voru rétt rúmlega 4.100 milljarðar. Einfaldur og lítill sjóður „We’ve always been known as the simple fund. We pay the lowest investment fees in the industry. We have the fewest employees. I’m the only investment employee here at NevadaPERS,“ segir hann. Steve heldur sem sagt einn og sjálfur utan um allar fjárfestingar lífeyrissjóðsins. Samt sem áður hefur honum tekist að ávaxta eignir hans betur en heilu herdeildum fjárfesta hjá öðrum lífeyrissjóðum. Hver er galdurinn? „Keep fees low. Keep it simple. Fewer moving parts. We invest in high quality assets and we’re going to do it over extended market cycles. And we’re going to implement that simple approach with absolute discipline.“ Steve er reyndar þekktur í fjármálaheiminum fyrir að vera maðurinn sem mætir í vinnuna og leggur sig síðan fram um að gera sem allra minnst. Því einmitt í því felist sjálf vinnan. Hann reynir til dæmis frekar að fara út að hlaupa en að gera hvatvísar breytingar á eignasafninu. Öfugt við íslensku leiðina Það verður seint sagt um íslenska lífeyrissjóði að fjárfestingastefna þeirra byggist á sem mestu aðgerðaleysi. Íslenskir lífeyrissjóðir tóku virkan þátt í uppbyggingu atvinnulífsins eftir hrun, enda fáir sjóðir jafn digrir í landinu og einmitt lífeyrissjóðirnir. Tveimur árum fyrir hrun áttu þeir 6% allra skráðra hlutabréfa í landinu en 41% áratug síðar. Á sama tíma fór skuldabréfaeign þeirra úr 41 prósenti í 71. Á tæpum áratug innan fjármálahafta keyptu lífeyrissjóðirnir svo gott sem allt sem þeir gátu keypt innanlands. Áhætta allt í kring Steve er fæddur og uppalinn í Nevada, heimaríki fjárhættuspila, en er fjarri því að vera manngerðin sem fer óvarlega með peninga. Hann mætir yfirleitt með tvö nestisbox í vinnuna; annað undir morgunmatinn, hitt undir hádegismatinn. Segja má að hann hafi með nægjuseminni skapað sér goðsagnakennt orðspor innan fjármálaheimsins, sem stundum einkennist af hinu gagnstæða. Það er um hálftíma akstur úr hjólhýsahverfinu til Carson-borgar, þar sem skrifstofur lífeyrissjóðsins eru. Leið sem Steve ekur tvisvar á dag, fimm daga vikunnar, á 13 ára gömlum Honda Element, eknum langleiðina til tunglsins. Breytti um kúrs þegar hann mætti Steve tók við sem fjárfestingastjóri Lífeyrissjóðs opinberra starfsmanna í Nevada fyrir sex árum og réðst strax í breytingar. „Since I’ve been here at Nevada PERS we’ve cut out all active management in the fund,“ segir hann. Fram að því hafði stór hluti eigna lífeyrissjóðsins verið bundinn í hlutabréfasöfnum sem áttu að geta náð forskoti á markaði. En Steve tók sig til og sagði tíu fjárfestingaráðgjöfum af 19 upp og færði allar eignir lífeyrissjóðsins yfir í vísitölusjóði. Það þýðir á mannamáli að í staðinn fyrir að halda áfram að borga þessum tilteknu fjármálasérfræðingum þóknanir og laun fyrir að segja honum í hverju hann ætti að fjárfesta, setti Steve peningana frekar í einfaldar langtímafjárfestingar. „So I kind of took it from 90% simple to a 100% simple,“ segir hann og bætir við: „Which along with that come very low fees.“ Með þessu móti segir Steve að hann spari um 150 milljónir dala á ári, eða hátt í 16 milljarða. Og að eftirlaunaþega Nevada muni um minna. „We want every dollar available in the investment program to generate compound interest for the benefit of our members and beneficiaries. And so rather than paying those dollars out in fees we want those dollars to stay in the investment program,“ segir Steve. Enn ódýrara en hér Rekstrarkostnaður íslenska lífeyriskerfisins er reyndar ekki sérstaklega hár í alþjóðlegum samanburði. Það kostar innan við fjórðung af einu prósenti, af öllum eignum sjóðanna að reka þá á ári. En fjórðungur af prósenti af 4.100 milljörðum eru reyndar heilmiklir peningar.   Rétt er að taka fram að þarna eru fjárfestingagjöld ekki meðtalin. En það eru einmitt fjármunirnir sem Steve er að spara með fjárfestingastefnu sinni. Þar fyrir utan er rekstrarkostnaður Nevada PERS helmingi lægri en íslensku sjóðanna, þótt hann sé lágur, eða 0.12% af heildareignum. Á undanförnum árum hafa heyrst gagnrýnisraddir um að yfirbygging íslenska lífeyrissjóðakerfisins sé of mikil. Að of margir séu á of mörgum skrifstofum á of háum launum við að stýra þeim og reka. Ragnar Þór Ingólfsson, formaður VR, hefur átt eina af þessum röddum. „Fjórtán stærstu lífeyrissjóðirnir eru með uppgefinn og viðurkenndan 13,7 milljarða rekstrarkostnað með fjárfestingagjöldum á síðusta ári,“ sagði hann í Kastljósi í ágúst á síðasta ári. „Þetta er allt of mikil yfirbygging.“ Við spyrjum Steve hvort hann haldi að fleiri sérfræðingar og hærri fjárfestingagjöld myndu skila sér í betri ávöxtun.   „Ég held að það sé mögulegt, en ég held að það sé ólíklegt. ,“ svarar hann. „I’m confident in my ability to be a disciplined investor. I’m not a 100% confident that I can predict what’s going to happen two weeks down the road.“ Pressan líka til staðar í Nevada Í gegnum tíðina hefur reglulega skapast mikill þrýstingur á lífeyrissjóðina að fjármagna ýmiskonar verkefni með samfélagslega hagsmuni að leiðarljósi. Eins og til dæmis að byggja hjúkrunarheimili, að fjárfesta í atvinnutækifærum í heimabyggð og fleira. Svo er það auðvitað hagur þeirra sem starfa við fjárfestingar lífeyrissjóðanna – að þeir séu einmitt virkir í fjárfestingum. „Well, there’s certainly pressure. Anytime you’re responsible for 41.2 billion dollars. Outside forces? There’s always going to be people who think you should do it differently. It might be an asset manager. I might say, Hey listen, we’re going to get rid of active management. Well those managers that are involved in, their job is to do active management. Well, they’re not going to be particularly happy with that decision,“ segir hann. Hefur gengið vel Aðspurður segir Steve að ávöxtun sjóðsins hafi verið góð. „Returns have been strong, but that’s largely due to financial markets having been strong. So last year, the previous fiscal year, our returns were 11,9 prósent,“ segir hann. „We’re fortunate that returns have been strong, really, over extended time periods as well so going back 34 years, which is the inception of our fund, our annualized return, kind of the average return over all those years is about 9.3%.“ „So, I would say that it’s been successful. And that’s kind of the, I guess the proof stamp on our simple approach. Because the question is, alright well you have one employee and you don’t pay any fees, well that’s great but what have the results been like? And our results have been competitive relative to more complex portfolios.“ Leyndarmálið einfalt Það liggur beint við að spyrja hvert leyndmárlið að velgengninni sé. „I wish that it was fancier. But really it isn’t. It’s as simple as we’ve been disciplined. And we’ve stuck with this approach for very long time periods. We’ve stuck with this approach when the environment isn’t necessary a good environment for that approach. Öfugt við þá sem leggja áherslu á virka sjóðastjórnun reynir Steve að láta sér fátt um finnast þegar fjármálamarkaðir taka byltur. Hann vinnur yfirleitt ekki utan hefðbundins vinnutíma, frá átta til fimm, og missir ekki svefn þótt sitthvað gangi á. „It’s easy to get diverted into thinking that changing is always a good thing. For an investment program that’s designed for 30, 40, 50 years it really shouldn’t be changed all that often,“ segir Steve. „Public pensions or pension funds, conceptually, should be among the longest time horizon investors in the market. And it’s easy to forget about that in a world where we live in a 24-hour news cycle and constant news in terms of what happening in the financial markets.“ „The important thing for a 30-year investment program is to implement that over the entirety of the 30 years and not worry about what happens next week in the financial markets. But when you are living through it, it’s easier said than done.“ Er það þá satt að góður dagur í vinnunni sé dagur þegar þú gerir nánast ekki neitt? Eða mjög lítið? „Well, I get asked that question a lot. Well, you are the fund that does nothing. But doing nothing is harder than it sounds,“ segir hann. „But in terms of making changes to the portfolio, it’s definitely a good day if we haven’t done anything.“ Af hverju gera þetta ekki allir? Í umfjöllun um Steve og velgengni hans hefur stundum verið látið að því liggja að hann sé eini starfsmaður lífeyrissjóðsins, sem stemmir reyndar ekki alveg. Hið rétta er að hann er eini starfsmaðurinn sem hefur með fjárfestingar að gera, sem er vissulega óvenjulegt. Fyrir utan Steve vinna rúmlega 70 manns önnur störf fyrir sjóðinn. Til samanburðar má nefna að meira en þrefalt fleiri vinna hjá íslenskum lífeyrissjóðum, þótt þeir séu í heild smærri en þessi eini sjóður. Hvað finnst þér um þá mynd sem er dreginn upp af þér og sjóðnum, að þið séuð sjóðurinn sem geri ekki neitt? „If that’s the way that people will perceive us from the outside I’m certainly happy to be that fund. And again, I believe that really, we should not be making changes that often. So, if we’re the fund that does nothing, well, I’ll take that. That’s ok,“ segir hann. En af hverju eru þá ekki allir að gera það sem þið eruð að gera? „Well, what works here in Nevada doesn’t necessarily work other places. It works for us. And the trick is ultimately finding the right balance. Whatever that approach is can certainly work but if you abandon it at the wrong time then it doesn’t matter how smart the approach is, it’s not going to work,“ segir Steve. Erfitt að bera saman Íslenska lífeyrissjóðakerfið er samsett úr 24 sjóðum sem samtals eru álíka stórir og þessi eini sjóður sem Steve fjárfestir fyrir. Hann segist ekki geta gefið álit á þeirri stöðu. „You know, again, I really couldn’t because I don’t totally understand what that structure looks like,“ segir Steve. „There might very well be a very good reason why there’s 24 separate funds in Iceland. I kind of have my hands full here in Nevada, so I spend all my time thinking about what happens in Nevada. But I have zero information about what happens in Iceland.“ „Engir bónusar hér í Nevada“ Eitt af því sem gagnrýnt hefur verið við íslenska kerfið eru laun stjórnenda. „Það getur ekki verið nein hagkvæmni í því þegar við erum með yfirbyggingu á íslenska lífeyrissjóðakerfinu þar sem að lykilstjórnendur og stjórnarmenn voru með í launagreiðslur 940 milljónur á síðasta ári,“ sagði Ragnar Þór til dæmis í fyrrnefndu Kastljósviðtali. En hvað ætli Steve fái greitt? „Á síðasti ári þénaði ég 145 þúsund dollara,“ svarar hann. Það er ígildi mánaðarlauna upp á eina komma þrjár milljónir króna eða rúmar 15 milljónir á ári. „If I wanted to make more money I would go someplace else and do that,“ segir Steve um kjörin. „So, lucurious no, but we feel pretty good about what we do.“ Það eru heldir engir bónusar sem toga launin upp. „Nei, engir bónusar hér í Nevada.“ Það er þó ekki að sjá að hann sé óánægður í starfi. „What more can you ask for then getting to do something that I enjoy doing, which is finance and doing it for something that I believe in which is the public employees of Nevada,“ segir Steve. „There’s never a day that I come into the office and I’m not excited about what I do. Even though it’s a day where you do nothing? Well some days are more challenging than others and some days there’s going to be challenges and even on the boring days I enjoy what I do.“  
          Free Energy at Nuclear Level Unbeaten by NASA MIT and Caltech      Cache   Translate Page      
Have offered my home for 3 years to anyone who could beat the machine. The video includes all instructions and video graphics of how it works and is patent free for all mankind. Your world is about to change forever. Yes MIT receive millions in funding form nuclear energy companies if you were wondering about their silence.
          Sonda Voyager 2 znalazła się na granicy Układu Słonecznego      Cache   Translate Page      

Już niebawem sonda kosmiczna Voyager 2 stanie się drugim ziemskim obiektem w historii, który opuści granice Układu Słonecznego. Bliźniak sondy, Voyager 1, rozpoczął swoją podróż w 1977 roku i pozostaje operacyjny, pomimo ponad 40 lat podróży kosmicznej.

 

Pierwotna misja zakładała przelot niedaleko czterech gigantów gazowych – Jowisza, Saturna, Urana oraz Neptuna. Było to możliwe dzięki rzadkiej konfiguracji planetarnej, która ma miejsce tylko raz na 175 lat. Okazało się więc, że to szansa, której NASA nie mogła przegapić.

 

Sześć lat temu, Voyager 1 stał się pierwszym z dwóch statków kosmicznych, które opuściły granice Układu Słonecznego. Teraz wszystko wskazuje na to, że niebawem dołączy do niego sonda Voyager 2.

Od końca sierpnia, instrument mierzący promieniowanie kosmiczne w sondzie wykazał wzrost wartości promieniowania o około 5%” – poinformowała NASA.

Voyager 1 wykrył podobny wzrost promieniowania około trzech miesięcy przed przejściem przez heliopauzę – teoretyczną granicę, na której wiatr słoneczny jest zatrzymywany przez ośrodek międzygwiezdny.

 

Dokładna data opuszczenia Układu Słonecznego nie jest jednak znana. – „W nadchodzących miesiącach będziemy obserwować sondę, jednak obecnie wciąż nie wiemy, kiedy dotrze ona do heliopauzy.” – dodał Ed Stone, naukowiec z zespołu projektowego Voyager.

 


          Ледяная луна Юпитера усеяна огромными шипами: инопланетная аномалия      Cache   Translate Page      
Ученые давно мечтали подробно исследовать покрытый льдами спутник Юпитера, Европу, который стал вместилищем огромного подповерхностного океана — потенциально обитаемой средой. В последнее время мечты получили внушительное подкрепление в виде финансовой поддержки со стороны Конгресса США, который направил NASA средства на постройку исследовательского зонда Europa Clipper, который будет исследовать структуру ледяной коры Европы из космоса. Задача […]
          The Ignominy of Our History      Cache   Translate Page      
Almost immediately after the confirmation of Kavanaugh, the Federalist demonstrated its utter gracelessness by calling for a defamation suit against Christine Blasey Ford and the Washington Post. Not only would the suit be politically ridiculous, but it reflected the absolute worst of faith by the extreme right. Former Astronaut Scott Kelly was possessed of a bigger spirit. He twitted: One of the greatest leaders of modern times, Sir Winston Churchill said, “in victory, magnanimity.” I guess those days are over. Was the reaction applause? Appreciation? Approval? Oh, sweet summer child, you haven’t been paying attention. He quoted Churchill. Churchill! pic.twitter.com/YO092hpdOu — Troll hunter (@Tr0Ilhunter) October 7, 2018 As it wasn’t Kelly’s purpose to engage in the War Over How Churchill Was Literally Hitler, he backed down. He then apologized for triggering the woke. Scott Kelly, a retired U.S. Navy Captain, NASA engineer, and veteran…
          Jagged ice spikes cover Jupiter's moon Europa, study suggests - Washington Post      Cache   Translate Page      

Washington Post

Jagged ice spikes cover Jupiter's moon Europa, study suggests
Washington Post
Few moons in the solar system are as intriguing as Jupiter's moon Europa. A global ocean of salt water almost certainly surrounds the moon — and it holds more water than any ocean on Earth. Above this immense sea, where surface temperatures dip to ...
Oh Crap, It Looks Like Europa's Surface Is Covered With Gigantic Shards of IceGizmodo
Do towering spikes of ice exist on Europa?Astronomy Magazine
Giant, jagged 'ice spikes' cover Jupiter's moon Europa, new study suggestsUSA TODAY
ExtremeTech -Live Science -Mirror.co.uk -The Independent
all 101 news articles »

          Jaw-Dropping Footage Of Nebulae, Giant Space Clouds Of Dust And Gas      Cache   Translate Page      
Jaw-Dropping Footage Of Nebulae, Giant Space Clouds Of Dust And Gas

A nebula is a gigantic space cloud of dust and gas. Several nebulae (more than one nebula) come from the gas and dust thrown out by the explosion of a star that is dying, like a supernova. Other nebulae are giant celestial dust clouds where new stars are starting to form. For that reason, some nebulae are named “star nurseries.”


Nebulae are made of dust and gas—mostly hydrogen and helium. The dust and gas in a nebula are very spread out, though gravity can slowly begin to pull together clumps of dust and gases. As those clumps get bigger and bigger, their gravity tends to get stronger and stronger.


The clump of dust and gases gets so big that eventually, it collapses from its gravity. This collapse makes the material at the center of the cloud heat up-and this hot core becomes the beginning of a star.


Jaw-Dropping Footage Of Nebulae, Giant Space Clouds Of Dust And Gas

These towers of cosmic dust and gas make up part of the Eagle Nebula. These so-called Pillars of Creation are part of an active star-forming region within the nebula. Credits: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)


Nebulae exist between the stars in the space—also known as interstellar space. The closest known nebula to Earth is called the Helix Nebula. It's the remnant of a dying star—possibly one like the Sun. It's about 700 light years away from Earth. This means that even if we could travel at the speed of light, it would still take us 700 years to get there!


Jaw-Dropping Footage Of Nebulae, Giant Space Clouds Of Dust And Gas

This image might look like a creepy eyeball, but it’s actually a nebula! NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope captured this image of the Helix Nebula, which is located in the constellation Aquarius-about 700 light-years away from Earth. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona


Jaw-Dropping Footage Of Nebulae, Giant Space Clouds Of Dust And Gas

Astronomers use very powerful telescopes to take pictures of faraway nebulae. Space telescopes such as NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope and Hubble Space Telescope have captured many images of faraway nebulae.


The video was posted by SpacePlace.Nasa.Gov



          Uji coba lawan Myanmar pemanasan jelang AFF      Cache   Translate Page      
Asisten pelatih Timnas senior Indonesia Bima Sakti mengatakan uji coba melawan Myanmar di Stadion Wibawa Mukti Cikarang Kabupaten Bekasi, Jawa Barat pada Rabu (10/10) dijadikan ajang pemanasan menjelang Piala AFF 2018 November ...
          NASA: Hubble detiene sus operaciones por un fallo mecánico - La Prensa      Cache   Translate Page      

La Prensa

NASA: Hubble detiene sus operaciones por un fallo mecánico
La Prensa
El Telescopio Espacial Hubble orbita alrededor de la Tierra y recibe su nombre en honor al astrónomo Edwin Hubble. Fue puesto en órbita el 24 de abril de 1990 en la misión STS-31. Es un proyecto conjunto de la NASA y la Agencia Espacial Europea (ESA) ...
Falla en el telescopio Hubble lo deja fuera de servicioTecReview

los 129 artículos informativos »

          Wasaarada Deegaanka Puntland oo Garowe ku qabatay Xuska Caalamiga ah ee Isbadelka Cimiladda Aduunka (Sawirro+Cod).      Cache   Translate Page      
Garowe (HM):- Wasaaradda Deegaanka & Isbadelka Cimilada Puntland ayaa Garowe ku qabatay munasabad looga arinsanayo xuska isbadelka cimiladda Aduunka oo guud ahaan caalamka laga xuso,iyadoo lagu soo bandhigayo marxaladaha uu marayo isbadelka cimilada aduunka. Munasabad looga hadlayo ayaa lagu qabtay Xarunta PDRC ,waxaana kasoo qaybgalay Madaxda & shaqaalaha wasaradda,Maamulka degmadda,Culimada & hogaamiyayaasha xaafadda Caasimadda,iyo qaybaha […]

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          Niezidentyfikowany obiekt widziany na dwóch fotografiach okolic Słońca      Cache   Translate Page      

Obserwacje Słońca w dzisiejszych czasach nie są jedynie domeną krajowych agencji kosmicznych.  Oczywiście, zdecydowana większość ze światowych obserwatoriów faktycznie należy do organizacji naukowych, niemniej jednak, istnieje szerokie grono amatorskich obserwatorów nieba, którzy korzystając z zasobów agencji kosmicznych takich jak między innymi NASA czy ESA a wielokrotnie nawet i własnych podręcznych teleskopów, dokonują równie interesujących obserwacji.

 

Zdarzenie tego typu miało miejsce 30 września, kiedy to należący do NASA satelita oraz amatorski astronom zaobserwowali niezidentyfikowany obiekt w okolicy Słońca. Satelita amerykańskiej agencji kosmicznej zarejestrował ogromny świetlisty obiekt 30 września 2018 roku w okolicach 1 rano. Zdjęcia przedstawiają coś w rodzaju kuli plazmy odlatującej z powierzchni naszej dziennej gwiazdy. Najpewniej, uznano by to jedynie za błąd kamery, gdyby nie wykonanie bardzo podobnej fotografii przez włoskiego obserwatora nieba niejakiego Stefano Farigu. Mężczyzna wykonał swoje zdjęcie podczas zachodu słońca, wieczorem 29 września.

Niemalże natychmiast, rozmaici teoretycy spiskowi zaproponowali szereg teorii mających wyjaśnić to dość niepokojące zdarzenie. Wielu z nich, uważa że może to stanowić dowód istnienia mitycznej planety Nibiru, która nagle ujawniła swoje istnienie. Inni chylą się ku twierdzeniu, że najprawdopodobniej mamy tu doczynienia z pojazdem obcej cywilizacji zdolnej nawet do pobierania energii ze Słońca. Bardzo podobne teorie pojawiały się już w przeszłości, kiedy to przy bardzo podobnych okolicznościach miało dochodzić do takich "tankowań". Zgodnie z tą teorią, nasze Słońce miałoby stanowić część intergalaktycznej sieci komunikacyjnej, a obce statki miałyby czerpać z niego energię. Odpowiedź na tego typu teorie ze strony światowych agencji kosmicznych była taka sama. Zbiorczo uznawano takie doniesienia za zwyczajne błędy matrycy CCD aparatów zamontowanych w satelitach.

Czy zatem wykonanie niezależnej obserwacji takiego niezidentyfikowanego obiektu stanowi ostateczny dowód na istnienie jakiejś obcej siły w pobliżu Słońca? Najprawdopodobniej nie wystarczy ono aby przekonać kogokolwiek do prawdziwości tego typu doniesień. Mimo iż trudno spierać się, że obydwa zdjęcia zdają się przedstawiać ten sam obiekt, dość słaba jakość fotografii poczynionej we Włoszech zdecydowanie świadczy na jego niekorzyść. Z drugiej strony, jeśli dwa zdjęcia wykonane w krótkim odstępie czasu od siebie zdają się przedstawiać ten sam obiekt we w miare tym samym miejscu w odniesieniu do Słońca, to co jeżeli faktycznie coś się tam znajdowało?

 

 


          Pierwszy załogowy lot SpaceX już w przyszłym roku      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA poinformowała, że pierwszy załogowy lot na Międzynarodową Stację Kosmiczną przeprowadzony za pomocą rakiety SpaceX odbędzie się w czerwcu przyszłego roku. Jeśli plan się powiedzie, będzie to pierwszy od 2011 załogowy lot w kosmos przeprowadzony z terenu USA. Od czasu wysłania na emeryturę floty wahadłowców amerykańscy astronauci latają na rosjskich Sojuzach.
          Aiteo Cup semi finals: Who are favourites for the title?      Cache   Translate Page      
Following a series of thrilling quarter finals in the Aiteo Cup, we're down to the final four, as the teams still standing in the competition compete for the chance to represent Nigeria in the 2019 CAF Confederation Cup. Kano Pillars, Enugu Rangers, Nasarawa United and Katsina United are set to contest the semi finals, which kick off on Wednesday, in this fascinating battle between the old guard and the emerging forces in Nigerian football. Five-time champions Rangers are billed to tackle Nasarawa...
          Serchhipah Weekend hmang ila      Cache   Translate Page      
Mizote hian tun hma zawng aiin hna kan thawk nasa tawh a, kartawp chawlh hlutna kan man chho zel a, intuai thar tura intih t
          Rocket Rolls Out to Launch New Station Crew on Thursday      Cache   Translate Page      
The next rocket that will launch NASA’s Nick Hague and Roscosmos’ Alexey Ovchinin to the International Space Station stands ready at its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The duo will liftoff atop the Soyuz MS-10 spacecraft Thursday at 4:40 a.m. EDT for a six-hour ride to their new home in space. Hague and Ovchinin have been in final preparations at the launch site for two weeks of fit checks, Soyuz tests, procedure reviews and other traditional activities. This will be [...]

          Pose Menggemaskan Anak Sandra Dewi yang Ganteng dari Lahir      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Anak-anak artis belakangan tidak kalah populer dari kedua orangtuanya. Tidak terkecuali dengan Raphael Moeis, buah hati pasangan Harvey Moeis dan artis Sandra Dewi yang sukses menyita atensi banyak orang dengan polahnya yang lucu.

Seperti yang diketahui, Harvey dan Sandra resmi mengikat janji suci pernikahan pada 8 November 2016 setelah tiga tahun menjalin kasih. Buah cinta mereka, Raphael Moeis pun lahir ke dunia pada 31 Desember 2017 pukul 09.28 WIB.

Sandra membagikan potret keluarga kecil pertamanya di akun Instagram pribadi pada 4 Januari lalu. Dalam potret terlihat ia menggendong Raphael dan sang suami berada di samping sembari mencium buah hati mereka. Tidak mau kalah, Rafa, begitu ia akrab disapa juga ikut tersenyum.

Rafa juga memiliki akun Instagram yang dikendalikan oleh Harvey dan Sandra. Wajah yang ganteng sejak lahir dan pose-pose menggemaskannya berhasil memikat lebih dari 513 ribu pengikut. Akun ini berisi berbagai momen yang Rafa lewatkan bersama orang-orang terkasih.

Penasaran seperti apa pose-pose menggemaskan anak Sandra Dewi, Raphael Moeis yang sudah ganteng dan lucu sejak lahir? Yuk, simak rangkuman selengkapnya di bawah ini.

* Update Terkini Asian Para Games 2018 Mulai dari Jadwal Pertandingan, Perolehan Medali hingga Informasi Terbaru di Sini.

Simak video pilihan di bawah ini:

Pose Menggemaskan Raphael Moeis

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BoX6o3zlGZQ/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Akun Instagram Raphael Moeis diisi oleh keceriaan dan tawanya yang sangat menggemaskan. Lewat beberapa cuplikan video, Rafa terlihat begitu murah senyum dan selalu memberikan wajah riang ketika ada yang mengajaknya bermain.

Seperti ketika Rafa genap berusia setahun pada 1 Oktober lalu. Ada potret dirinya tengah terduduk di atas karpet dengan mengenakan kemeja bermotif mickey mouse. Tawa riangnya mantap tertangkap kamera dan membuat banyak orang mengungkapkan rasa gemas di kolom komentar.

Senyum Raphael Moeis Sebelum Mandi

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BnyR_RSHOWg/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Pose yang tidak kalah lucu adalah saat Rafa mandi sore. Dalam potret ia dalam posisi tengkurap di tempat tidurnya hanya mengenakan handuk putih. Senyum manis kembali Rafa berikan kepada kamera yang tertuju padanya.

Masih di potret yang sama namun di slide kedua, kamera kembali mengabadikan momen lain. Rafa yang menoleh ke belakang tetapi masih menebarkan senyum manis dan sedang memegang handuknya.

Terdiam di Kasur

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BlFMS1EFOfY/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Pose Rafa selanjutnya tidak kalah menggemaskan. Bukan sedang tertawa, tersenyum, atau menangis, tetapi ia terdiam di kursi bayi. Ekspresinya yang datar dengan bibir merah karena memakan buah naga kian menambah tingkat keimutannya.

Selain itu, Rafa juga masih memakai baby bib dengan gambar karakter Simba di film Disney berjudul The Lion King. Sungguh menggemaskan bukan?


          Sonda Voyager 2 se apropie de graniţa Sistemului Solar. Va deveni al doilea obiect construit de om aflat la cea mai mare distanţă de Terra      Cache   Translate Page      
Sonda Voyager 2 se apropie de graniţa Sistemului Solar. Va deveni al doilea obiect construit de om aflat la cea mai mare distanţă de Terra Voyager 2 urmează traiectoria sondei Voyager 1 către o călătorie interspaţială. NASA a dezvăluit recent că sonda se apropie de graniţa Sistemului Solar.


          SHAREPOINT FARM ADMINISTRATOR      Cache   Translate Page      
AL-huntsville, *We do not work with third party* US Citizen only Title: Sharepoint Farm Administrator / Application Administrator Location: NASA Marshall - Huntsville, AL. Full time role Start Date: ASAP Summary: Oversee SharePoint 2013 Enterprise and Project Server administrative functions to include task execution using Central Administration and PowerShell. Support the installation, configuration, security, o
          Глава NASA назвал великолепными отношения России и США в космосе      Cache   Translate Page      
Руководитель американского Национального управления по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA) Джим Брайденстайн позитивно оценил сотрудничество России и США в космосе. «Я считаю, что отношения между Россией и США в космосе великолепны»,— заявил он во время своего выступления перед студентами МГУ (цитата по «РИА Новости»), добавив, что конструктивное взаимодействие в космосе должно распространяться и на другие сферы сотрудничества между двумя странами.Господин Брайденстайн выразил уверенность, что Россия и США могут сделать сообща намного больше, чем поодиночке. В этой связи он отметил программу по освоению Луны, и заявил, что американская сторона хотела бы пригласить к кооперации Роскосмос. По мнению главы NASA, у США и России есть корабли и технологии для реализации лунной программы, которая может стать тестовым полигоном для исследований Марса. Он уточнил, что речь идет о создании постоянной инфраструктуры, которая бы связывала Землю и Луну. Господин Брайденстайн сказал, что эта…
          Sismo en Haití deja al menos 17 muertos      Cache   Translate Page      
CN COLIMANOTICIAS Puerto Príncipe.- Las autoridades de emergencia de Haití informaron hoy de la muerte de otras dos personas a causa del temblor de magnitud 5.9 que afectó el país el sábado, lo que aumentó a 17 las víctimas fatales producto de este sismo. El director de Protección Civil, Jerry Chandle, dijo hoy que 7 mil 883 familias necesitan ayuda humanitaria por los estragos del sismo, cuyo epicentro se registró frente a […]
          Venta Chalet Sant Andreu De Llavaneres      Cache   Translate Page      
1100000
Lujosa casa en venta en la mejor urbanización del maresme,  supermaresme, envuelta de naturaleza, vigilada las 24 horas, con unas vistas formidables sobre el mar mediterráneo.  la extensa y elegante zona ajardinada, con una preciosa piscina y...
5 habitaciones 4 baños 350 m² 3.142 EUR/m² bañera jacuzzi cocina trastero piscina jardín chimenea
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 19:58:12 +0200
          Hubble Space Telescope Malfunction Won't Last Long, NASA Says      Cache   Translate Page      
Worry rippled through the astronomical community this weekend as NASA announced that the Hubble Space Telescope was in safe mode — but NASA confirmed in a statement released yesterday (Oct. 8) that the agency expected the instrument to be back at work soo
          Dimite Nikki Haley, la cara amable del «trumpismo»      Cache   Translate Page      
Las dimisiones, despidos o una mezcla de ambos no son novedad en el Gobierno de Donald Trump. Una treintena de salidas de altos cargos -incluidos media docena de miembros del Gabinete- en menos de dos años de presidencia han sacudido periódicamente a la Administración Trump. El adiós de Nikki Haley, que ayer anunció su abandono como embajadora de EE.UU. ante Naciones Unidas, sí tuvo algo novedoso: no estuvo envuelto en drama ni en grandes polémicas. Haley, una política hábil con grandes ambiciones, abandona el «trumpismo» entre sonrisas, vítoreada por su jefe y con una imagen positiva en buena parte del país. Una salida limpia de una presidencia volcánica que le deja intacta para futuras aventuras políticas. El anuncio del adiós de Haley fue por sorpresa. Nada hacía presagiar que la embajadora dejara su cargo cuando todavía no se ha cumplido la mitad del primer mandato de Trump y sin que haya sido protagonista de grandes controversias en una presidencia atiborrada de ellas. Las explicaciones de Haley, ofrecidas en una comparecencia junto a Trump en el Despacho Oval, no fueron contundentes. «Es importante que los cargos gubernamentales entiendan cuándo hay que echarse a un lado», dijo desde la Casa Blanca. «Lo he dado todo en estos últimos ocho años y creo que a veces es bueno que entre otra gente que ponga la misma energía y poder en ello», añadió sobre el tiempo que ha sido gobernadora de Carolina del Sur y su destino diplomático ante Naciones Unidas. «La verdad es que quiero que esta administración y este presidente tenga la persona más fuerte para la lucha». Trump se deshizo en elogios hacia Haley: «Ha sido muy especial para mí», «ha hecho un trabajo increíble», «es una persona fantástica», «entiende de qué va esto», «te echaremos de menos»… La embajadora respondió asegurando que ha sido «el honor de mi vida» trabajar para Trump, «una bendición» y que, con la política exterior del presidente, «ahora a EE.UU. se le respeta». El presidente aseguró que Haley ya le había adelantado hace seis meses que quería dejar el cargo a finales de este año y anunció que se anunciará un sustituto «en las dos o tres próximas semanas». Las flores que se lanzaron el uno al otro no ocultan que Trump y Haley han tenido diferencias. La embajadora ha sido una voz crítica con Rusia, en la línea tradicional del republicanismo, diferente a la política laxa que favorece Trump, que ha pasado de puntillas ante las evidencias de las interferencias de Moscú en las elecciones presidenciales que él ganó, ha buscado moderar las sanciones contra autoridades y empresas rusas y ha favorecido el acercamiento a Vladimir Putin, rematado con la cumbre entre ambos en Helsinki el año pasado. Su principal choque en este capítulo fue cuando el pasado abril Haley anunció sanciones a compañías rusas que habían colaborado en el arsenal de armas químicas de Siria. La Casa Blanca contradijo su anuncio, desechó las sanciones y un alto cargo aseguró que la embajadora sufrió «una confusión momentánea». «Con todo respeto, yo no me confundo»; respondió con personalidad Haley. Más allá de estos roces, Haley ha desplegado con vehemencia la política exterior de Trump en la ONU: atacó a Corea del Norte cuando el presidente intercambia insultos con Kim Jong-un, ha sido el azote de lo que ella ha llamado «el prejuicio antiisraelí» en la organización internacional, ha sacado al país de la Comisión de Derechos Humanos y ha sido una defensora feroz de la salida de EE.UU. del acuerdo con Irán, una de las grandes líneas exteriores de Trump. En el último año, sin embargo, su perfil político había perdido brillo. Haley gozó de mucho protagonismo en el año escaso que Rex Tillerson, un empresario que rehuía la atención pública, estuvo como secretario de Estado. La llegada de Mike Pompeo como jefe diplomático de EE.UU. y de John Bolton, un diplomático agresivo que tuvo su cargo en la ONU bajo la presidencia de George W. Bush, como asesor de seguridad nacional, redujeron su poder de decisión y su influencia sobre Trump. «No tengo nada decidido sobre qué haré a partir de ahora», aseguró Haley en la comparecencia. Lo que nadie duda es de que, antes o después, volverá a la política, después de haberse convertido en un valor en alza en el partido republicano en sus años de gobernadora y salir de la Administración Trump apenas sin mácula. «No me voy a presentar a las elecciones de 2020», insistió para desechar rumores sobre una candidatura contra Trump. «Prometo que lo que haré es hacer campaña por est»”, dijo señalando a Trump. El valor de esas promesas es discutible, pero no lo es la importancia del momento en el que dice adió. Se produce al día siguiente de la jura de Brett Kavanaugh como juez del Tribunal Supremo, después de que el elegido por Trump tuviera un proceso de confirmación sacudido por acusaciones de ataques sexuales y de que el propio presidente se mofara de una de las acusadoras y de sus alegaciones. Haley ha sido una de las pocas voces discordantes en el «trumpismo»: «Hay que escuchar a esas mujeres», llegó a decir sobre las acusaciones de agresiones sexuales que recibió el propio Trump durante la campaña. Haley es una excepción en el Gobierno de Trump por ser mujer -hay cinco-, pero, sobre todo, por tener el favor de la opinión pública. En una encuesta de abril de la Universidad Quinnipiac la colocaba como la mejor valorada del Gobierno, con una aprobación del 63%, unos números con los que Trump solo puede soñar. Quizá en el futuro Haley sea su pesadilla política.
          SPACE: NASA’s asteroid chaser gets first glimpse of potentially hazardous target….      Cache   Translate Page      
SPACE: NASA’s asteroid chaser gets first glimpse of potentially hazardous target.
          Sluchátka přes hlavu NEDIS HPRF000BK bezdrátová      Cache   Translate Page      
Sluchátka přes hlavu NEDIS HPRF000BK bezdrátová S těmito bezdrátovými sluchátky do uší poslouchejte hudbu nebo sledujte televizi v dokonalém pohodlí, aniž byste rušili kohokoliv dalšího v místnosti. Tato sluchátka umožňují pohyb v rozsahu 35 metrů – a jsou tak pohodlná, že si stěží povšimnete, že je máte nasazená. Krystalický čistý zvuk si můžete vychutnávat čtyři hodiny na jedno nabití integrované dobíjecí baterie. Součástí balení je nabíjecí základna, která sluchátka dobije asi za hodinu a půl. Sluchátka se snadno nastavují a Vy už nikdy nezakopnete o volně visící kabely.Vlastnosti:- Dokonale čistý zvuk - Bezdrátový dosah až 35 metrů - Integrovaná 200mAh baterie k používání RF sluchátek po dobu až čtyř hodin- Ovládání vyvážení na pravé a levé ucho individuálně a poslechu zvuku upravit podle vašeho vkusu- Délka kabelu: 1.2 m- Rádiová frekvence- Barva: Černá- Materiál: Plast- Vstupní konektor: 1x 3.5mm- Doba nabíjení: 1.5 hod.- Jmenovitý výkon: 5 V 0.5 A- Kmitočtová odezva: 20 Hz...20 kHz (±3 dB)- Doha přehrávání: 4.5 hod.- Citlivost: 105 dB- Typ baterie: 2x AAA- Šířka pásma: 863-865 MhzObsah balení:- Radiofrekvenční sluchátka- Nabíjecí základna- Nabíjecí USB kabel- AUX kabel- Adaptér- Stručná instalační příručka
          Onanay October 9 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
SHOW DESCRIPTION: Ito ay kuwento ng magkapatid na sina Maila at Natalie na magkaiba at magkasalungat ang pakikitungo sa kanilang ina. Sila ay laging nasa ilalim ng mapanuring pagmamatyag ng lipunan dahil sa pisikal na katangian ng kanilang inang si Onay (Jo Berry) na mayroong Achondroplasia. Mabait at maasikasong anak si Maila, samantalang mapagmataas at
          How To Maintain Connectivity in a Multiboard PCB System      Cache   Translate Page      

By John Burkhert Jr

Bringing a multiboard system together is a chance for the designer to spread their wings. As the circuit spreads, so do the risk of crossed signals. Some of the ways the circuits can get scrambled include:

  • Some connector vendors have clear indications of polarity. Others leave all numbering to the buyer. In the same way, a row of gold fingers will be anything we draw up in terms of pin numbers and signal names.
  • While the physical design typically depicts the orientation of a connector by indicating the location of pin one, rarely is the net that goes on the circuit defined at that level.
  • Each board in the system has a separate schematic, probably drawn up by a subject matter expert that naturally varies from one board to another.
  • A connector can be mirrored to the secondary side, yet we can view it as though we had Superman X-ray vision.
  • A single large connector can have a cable or flexible circuit that mates to it but then splits the larger connector’s signals into several smaller connectors that get distributed all over the system. Each of those branches will have a pin-one of its own but only one of them at the end where everything is collected together.
  • Rogue changes on one card can derail a system.
  • Library inconsistencies and simple mistakes can as well.

Closing all of those potential open loops takes a degree of organization. The system level physical designer is very concerned with everything fitting together. PCB Designers are working within their outline(s) and can also become a bit myopic in that regard. It seems as though we go over these things ad nauseam in the early design reviews when the high-level architecture is being laid out. Then, some bug crops up when we put everything together. What happens? How can we stay on an even keel?

Block it All Out

I don’t mean therapy or hitting your head against the wall. Block Diagrams, Wiring Diagrams, Interconnect Diagrams, Interface Control Diagrams, Outline Drawings, and beautiful 3D renderings all help put the big picture in perspective. They may also be considered too mundane for the critical path and be put off until everything is completely defined. What happens then is that any disconnects get cleaned up in the pre-production run. New boards/cables/flexes are rushed out and all of the expediting and long days go into trying to mitigate the risks before going to mass production. Turning up volume production on something that is mostly tested and verified is one way to live on the edge. So is blindfolded paragliding. Nobody talks about the time their parachute didn’t open. Fewer mistakes in the prototype stage pay the dividend known as peace of mind as we confidently scale up our efforts.

The bigger the job, the more we need to employ risk management in the form of stronger documentation. Nobody does testing and documentation quite like NASA, but the auto industry is really good at supply chain management. When you become part of the supply chain, you quickly become well managed. You get to generate all sorts of documents related to design verification at all levels. Just as you are managed, you become a technical manager to your suppliers as they do for theirs. But I digress.

Creating Order From Chaos, One Step at a Time

The thing is that this level of scrutiny is not as common in the typical consumer hardware setting. Getting your engineering folks to draw up a proper interconnect table may be a stretch. Starting your own “quick and dirty” version is better than nothing and may even prompt the team to fulfill their ideal destiny. We’re after a schematic of schematics. There is a lot of abstraction at this level. A box represents a board, and a list in the box represents the functional connectivity between the various boards.

Image credit: Research Gate - Use more or less detail as required

A system power tree is another important reference point. The number of functions a product has will be a close indicator of the different number of power domains required. Let’s say, for instance, that we have a camera and a display to go with a microphone and speakers to make an Arduino conference room package. All five of those items will want their own power supply even when they are designed for the same number of volts. Scale up to the devices with over 1000 pins and each little area of the device wants a particular power source all its own. They give me an 800-page owner’s manual for the Intel Skylake device. You’d shake your head at that ball-map. It does have an excellent power tree along with the reference design material though.

Life on the Analog Frontier

We got the chance to create a reference design for a Samsung Chromebook Plus. We had the main logic board and a handful of outlying boards. GPS, for instance, needed a quiet area so it could receive the small signals from the satellites. I mean quiet in an electromagnetic sense. The speakers still qualify as a problem because of their magnets. The metal enclosure, the WIFI, the Bluetooth and a number of sensors were all problems.

Coexistence is the name of the game when we try to make all of these disparate functions work together. Simulations will take us a long way, but there are blind spots. You don’t know until you have everything packed into the form factor and turn it all on. Who can forget the time that people wrapped their hands around the upper area of the new iPhone and were told that they were “holding it wrong”? The Pixel phone with its band of non-metal color is an indication of where the invisible connections are taking place through various antennas.

The short answer is that wireless connectivity is the risk that is hardest to manage. For the most part, we try to contain electromagnetic waves. In this case, we’re making them on purpose. The more wireless protocols you have, the more corner cases to explore. Life is better if you only have to tame one radio. Your phone is a war zone of conflicting interests. This laptop was no different. The prototypes were not 100% ready for prime time. The project was pulled together with a few schematic revisions including more filters and regulators; small stuff for the P1 stage except for mis-wiring the battery connector! Mass production followed on with minimal drama. I can say that now, but I was 10,000 miles from where most of the action took place. I know they worked hard too.

Image credit: Author - You’d think we could do something as simple as a battery connector.

The result was thin, light, fast, robust and flexible enough to wrap itself into a tablet, stylus included. Here is a glowing video review of the hardware. Spoiler: the man spent 12 minutes talking about this one laptop and did not have any negatives. Could it be that good? The awards at CES ‘17 were long and strong. This is the ARM processor version that has a lookalike big brother with the Intel SOC. The reviews tend to reflect that this is the lower tier of the Samsung premium convertibles. Working with the outside vendors on the reference designs was interesting.

They provided very detailed .dxf files so we could import geometry directly to the layout. The inner workings of the laptop were rendered over several layers. In a way, that was even better than drawings. The ODM (original design manufacturer) also had the wherewithal to take on the system interconnect review. Between the software models and mock-up hardware, the away team executed a nice product on a three-spin development cycle. Prototypes are the breadboard version without any physical limitations. Pre-production is the first time all of the components are joined in the form factor, and the third cycle is the one that you can still buy. Or not. I have pride in the work but, Samsung doesn’t share anything with me. They are in-house for their designs anyway. We provided a six-layer option to their eight.

Image credit: Author - The P1 version of a motherboard for a laptop/tablet chromebook

Great systems start with solid documentation, strong communication, and trust that everyone is going to hit their mark. The first iteration is to see if things work. The second is to see if it fits and the third has to have 100% of both of those things. In the words of the cold warriors of ancient times, “Trust but verify.” Multiboard systems are expected to be complicated by their nature. The different voltages have to be over- and under-powered in different combinations and over varying temperatures and so on. With all that is expected of these costly systems, it is incumbent upon the designer to take care that the system level connections are fully vetted before the die is cast.




          Comment on Professional Property Management vs. Self-Management: A Look at the Pros & Cons by Louise Hamilton      Cache   Translate Page      
Couldn't agree more that it depends on your situation Nasar! My husband and I recently purchased a property in Santa Rosa Beach Florida and while we would love to manage it ourselves to save money and give it a truly personal touch, we just didn't find it feasible. Investing out of state like we chose to do presents some challenges and this is definitely one of them, however we felt that the opportunities that the listing presented were worth attempting to overcome them. Luckily we found a great vacation rental management company that specializes in local luxury homes, and we felt their approach and services they offered best fit what we were looking for. While we may not be making the maximum return from our investment the reliability and reduced headache make it worth it.
          Derrotas de Dilma e Suplicy indicam: fake news e não antipetismo impulsionaram fascismo      Cache   Translate Page      
Politik

Derrotas de Dilma e Suplicy indicam: fake news e não antipetismo impulsionaram fascismo

Candidatos ao Senado pelo PT foram alvo de intenso bombardeio de notícias falsas pelo whatsapp às vésperas da eleição

DILMA COM SUPLICY NO ALVORADA EM 2016. FOTO: ROBERTO STUCKERT/PR
Cynara Menezes 
09 de outubro de 2018, 00h51
   
As mentiras nas redes sociais, as chamadas fake news, foram o fator mais importante na ascensão do candidato de extrema-direita Jair Bolsonaro e seus aliados nas eleições de domingo. Foram as notícias falsas, espalhadas sobretudo pelo whatsapp, que impulsionaram a “onda” bolsonarista às vésperas da eleição, e não o “antipetismo” da sociedade. E a maior evidência disso são as derrotas inesperadas de Dilma Rousseff e Eduardo Suplicy na disputa para o Senado em Minas e São Paulo.
Tanto Dilma quanto Suplicy foram alvos de boatos compartilhados por milhares de perfis de extrema-direita nas redes sociais e perderam intenções de votos na reta final. Em uma das mensagens que mais bombaram no aplicativo em Minas, a petista era acusada de ser, ao lado de Lula, responsável por um rombo de 400 bilhões no BNDES que nunca existiu.
Mas a mentira contra Dilma que mais circulou no whatsapp foi a acusação de que ela teria matado pessoalmente o soldado Mário Kozel Filho quando militou na luta armada durante a ditadura. Dilma de fato integrou a VPR (Vanguarda Popular Revolucionária), mas suas funções sempre foram burocráticas, nunca pegou em armas.

BOATO CONTRA DILMA NO WHATSAPP
Na mensagem mentirosa, compartilhada freneticamente pelo aplicativo na semana anterior à eleição, a suposta mãe de Mário Kozel, que teria hoje quase 90 anos (se ainda for viva), diz que “nunca mais teve paz” após a explosão que matou seu filho, em 1968. Mas a imagem da senhora que aparece na mensagem é do atentado ocorrido durante a maratona de Boston, nos EUA, em 2015, como você pode conferir neste link.

FOTO: BOSTON GLOBE
O “meme” que originou a notícia falsa partiu, ao que tudo indica, do site de extrema-direita Política & Direito, que publicou a montagem em junho de 2017. A campanha de Dilma não respondeu porque nem chegou a tomar conhecimento de que a postagem estava circulando. O boato foi uma das razões, senão a maior delas, para que Dilma despencasse de primeiro para quarto lugar na votação.
A mentira contra Dilma que mais circulou no whatsapp foi a acusação de que ela teria matado pessoalmente o soldado Mário Kozel Filho quando militou na luta armada durante a ditadura, mas ela nunca pegou em armas
Sobre o vereador e candidato ao Senado Eduardo Suplicy, como não tinham nada para atacar no seu passado, recorreram à idade: um boato que se espalhou como pólvora nas redes dizia que ele está velho e não iria conseguir terminar o mandato, e que seu lugar seria ocupado por “um comunista”, o sindicalista Chicão, do PCdoB. O texto que circulava pelo whatsapp e que também foi compartilhado pelo facebook “alertava”:
“Repassem para seus contatos:
O Suplicy tem 77 anosO mandato de senador é de 8 anos. Ao final de seu mandato ele terá 85 anos. Claro que uma pessoa pode estar em ‘plena forma’ com essa idade, mas, se ele tiver qualquer problema (não estou ‘secando’!!!), assume o seu suplente. Vocês se deram ao trabalho de descobrir quem é o suplente dele ? Eu tive esse trabalho. Trata-se de um sindicalista chamado Eduardo Annunciato, vulgo Chicão, do PCdoB!!!! E ele não foi escolha do Suplicy. Foi escolha do partido. Ele só ficou conhecendo o Chicão no dia da convenção do PT (tudo isso está no UOL Notícias). Então, quem votar no SUPLICY pode estar elegendo o“conhecidíssimo” Chicão para senador.”
O mesmo texto circulou em formato de memes:
O maior beneficiado com a derrota de Suplicy foi justamente o candidato de Bolsonaro, Major Olímpio, que disparou às vésperas da eleição, ultrapassando o vereador petista e Mara Gabrilli, do PSDB. O próprio Olímpio criou uma fake news em seu twitter sobre Suplicy, afirmando que em 20 anos de Senado ele apenas tinha “defendido o PT e a corrupção”. O TRE ordenou a exclusão do tweet, mas o estrago estava feito.
Durante a eleição norte-americana, quando Donald Trump, o Bolsonaro dos EUA, pavimentou seu caminho à base de notícias falsas ao mesmo tempo que berrava fake news! para os outros, apenas três boatos foram capazes de levar Hillary Clinton à derrota, de acordo com um estudo da Universidade de Ohio. Um deles era bem parecido com o que usaram para atacar Suplicy: disseram que Hillary estava seriamente doente, com mal de Parkinson.
No início do mês, o site Nexo publicou uma reportagem mostrando as ligações de Bolsonaro e o guru de Donald Trump, Steve Bannon, hoje considerado o mentor intelectual da extrema-direita no mundo. O filho de Bolsonaro, Eduardo, recém-eleito deputado federal por São Paulo, esteve com Bannon em agosto em Nova York.


It was a pleasure to meet STEVE BANNON,strategist in Donald Trump's presidential campaign.We had a great conversation and we share the same worldview.He said be an enthusiast of Bolsonaro's campaign and we are certainly in touch to join forces,especially against cultural marxism.
Um levantamento da Agência Lupa sobre as dez postagens falsas mais compartilhadas nas redes durante o primeiro turno mostra que todas elas beneficiam Bolsonaro. E o alvo principal das fakes news que mais circularam no facebook na eleição, rede onde as agências de checagem atuam, eram políticos do PT. Ou fake news “positiva” para o próprio candidato, como no caso de um “ato de apoio à saúde de Bolsonaro em Campinas” que era, na verdade, a imagem da torcida durante o jogo Brasil X Sérvia na Copa da Rússia. O fato de os bolsonaristas usarem a camiseta da CBF em suas manifestações facilita que qualquer agrupamento de torcedores da seleção vire marcha pró-Bolsonaro.
O PT precisa, urgente, encontrar uma vacina contra esta estratégia das fake news sobre temas morais ou perderá a eleição como aconteceu com Dilma e Suplicy
No domingo, o jornalista Leandro Beguoci revelou no twitter que, no ano passado, Jair Bolsonaro fez dois projetos de lei que envolvem o aplicativo, algo que nunca o havia interessado antes. Em um deles, apresentado em agosto de 2017, estabelece que apenas o Supremo Tribunal Federal pode suspender aplicativos de troca de informação pela internet.
Vale a pena ler os tweets (clique no primeiro para ver a sequência completa):
Eu li quase todos os projetos de lei do Bolsonaro como deputado. E percebi que, em 2017, dois projetos destoaram da sua atuação parlamentar: os dois eram sobre o Whatsapp e seu funcionamento no Brasil.
A história da campanha espontânea NÃO é verdadeira, assim como várias outras infos que a campanha dele faz circular pela internet. Os projetos deixaram um rastro bem claro. A aposta sempre esteve no Whatsapp, fora do escrutínio público.

O que os jornais do mundo estão falando sobre Jair Bolsonaro?

O que os jornais do mundo estão falando sobre Jair Bolsonaro?

Os principais e mais influentes veículos de comunicação do mundo não hesitam em classificar o candidato como fascista. No Brasil, a timidez impera
Por Caroline Oliveira
A ascensão política de Jair Bolsonaro, candidato à Presidência da República pelo Partido Social Liberal (PSL), no Brasil, chamou a atenção do mundo. De acordo com os jornais e revistas internacionais, a crescente intenção de votos no pesselista alerta o mundo para o consequente aumento de ideias e ações fascistas no maior país da América Latina.
Não se trata da síndrome de vira lata, a priori teorizada por Gilberto Freyre. Mas de perceber como órgãos distantes observam a realidade brasileira. Talvez não seja imperioso a distância histórica para entender o que se sucede no País. Talvez basta ler o que estão dizendo veículos progressistas mundo afora.
Estados Unidos
A maioria se refere ao presidenciável como uma ameaça à democracia brasileira. Uma das matérias do jornal estadunidense The New York Times, “Brasil flerta com um retorno aos dias sombrios”, de agosto de 2018, expõe os posicionamentos preconceituosos dados por Bolsonaro e o define como um populista conservador que defende a ditadura militar e justifica o uso da tortura. O jornal afirma que a lista de acusações sexistas e racistas é extensa, mas o seu momento mais memorável foi durante a votação do impeachment da ex-presidenta Dilma Rousseff, quando o presidenciável homenageou um dos torturadores da petista na época ditatorial militar.
O também norteamericano Financial Times associa Jair Bolsonaro aos tempos sombrios. Para eles, as eleições estão tomando um rumo ao “trágico destino brasileiro de uma rebelião antidemocrática”.
Americas Quarterly atenta para o perigo do bolsonarismo, cujos limites já não podem ser mais controlados por seu criador, e, por isso, afirma que ganhando ou perdendo, a ascensão do candidato conduz a jovem democracia brasileira ao esgarçamento. Na reportagem, o jornalista escreveu “ele expressou muitas vezes seu amor pelos dias da ditadura e tem levantado a possibilidade de fraude eleitoral (se ele perder a eleição, claro)”.
Uma reportagem do HuffingtonPost, que tem sede no Brasil, destacou que o pesselista propôs vender terras de indígenas e descendentes de africanos escravizados. “Bolsonaro aproveitou o descontentamento, o desespero e a raiva. Fomentou uma reação contra um establishment corrupto com um populismo falso e barulhento. Se isso soa familiar, deveria. Bolsonaro ficou conhecido como “Trump do Brasil”. A Revista Time também fez essa relação com o presidente dos Estados Unidos: “Jair Bolsonaro ama Trump, odeia pessoas gays e admira autocratas. Ele pode ser o próximo presidente do Brasil.”
Reino Unido
No país britânico, o The Guardian é o veículo com mais reportagens sobre o presidenciável. Em uma reportagem afirmou que “Bolsonaro – que tem sido descrito como o mais eleito misógino e odioso no mundo democrático e possivelmente o político mais repulsivo da Terra – não é conhecido como um fã das urnas”. Recentemente, seu filho Eduardo Bolsonaro questionou, ao lado do juiz Rocha Cubas, a legitimidade e a segurança das urnas eleitorais. Pouco tempo depois, o magistrado foi afastado de sua função pelo Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ) por tentar atrapalhar a realização das eleições.
The Economist publicou recentemente uma edição da revista que viralizou pelo mundo. Na capa, o rosto de Jair Bolsonaro. Como legenda, “A mais nova Ameaça na América Latina”. Em uma das reportagens, afirma que “o Sr. Bolsonaro propõe soluções brutais para os problemas do seu país. Ele acha que ‘um policial que não mata não é um policial’ e quer reduzir a idade de responsabilidade criminal para 14”. Nessa seara, a The Times classifica o candidato como um populista perigoso que tornar o Brasil mais seguro.
Austrália
veículo News publicou uma reportagem com a manchete: “Pensando que Donald Trump é ruim? Conheça o possível presidente brasileiro cujas crenças repulsivas chocaram o mundo”.
No The Australian, conheça o candidato que é um risco para a democracia. No The Sydney Sunday Herald, por que alguns no Brasil estão se virando para um explosivo candidato de extrema-direita para o presidente?


Alemanha
No país do meio europeu, uma reportagem da Deutsche Welle destaca a opinião da historiadora Nina Schneider, da Universidade de Colônia. Para ela, “Bolsonaro é muito mais radical que o presidente americano. Ele faz comentários racistas, homofóbicos e sexistas. Mas o pior é elogiar em público os torturadores, isso o torna muito mais perigoso do que o Trump”, afirma.
“Um Fascista Se Apresentando Como Homem Honesto”, “O fascista popular”, “Alerta vermelho para democracia” e “O demagogo do deserto é de repente uma nova estrela política no Brasil” são outras manchetes alemãs.
França
O veículo Le Figaro “o ex-capitão de 63 anos Jair Bolsonaro nunca brilhou nos quartéis ou na Câmara dos Representantes, exceto em suas provocações e seus divertidos. Seus alvos favoritos sempre foram feministas, homossexuais, negros, índios, progressistas, criminosos”. O capitão, para o Libération, um dos mais importantes jornais do mundo, é um ex-soldado pronto para liquidar a democracia. Para o Le Monde, é o Trump tropical, homofóbico e machista
Outros países europeus
Na Espanha, para o El Pais, Bolsonaro é um Pinochet institucional para o Brasil. No El Mundo, o candidato racista, homofóbico e machista do Brasil. No El Confidencial, o “Le Pen tropical” que pode ser o próximo presidente do País, em uma alusão à francesa de extrema-direita Marine Le Pen. Para a Itália, Um pesadelo chamado Bolsonaro, na Corriende della Sierra. Bolsonaro, líder xenófobo e anti-gay que dá o assalto à Presidência do Brasil, em La Republica. Para O Público, de Portugal, Bolsonaro é o Jagunço à porta do Planalto. Para o Diário de Notícias, também do país lusitano, Jair Bolsonaro é perigo real no Brasil e segue passos de Adolf Hitler. Para o país considerado pelos brasileiros como um dos mais desenvolvidos da Europa, a Suíça, Bolsonaro é tido como o “Faxineiro Racista do Brasil”. Por fim, o jornal Der Volkskrant deu destaque para as manifestações das mulheres contra o presidenciável.
América Latina
No Chile, o veículo El Mercurio publicou uma reportagem intitulada “Bolsonaro assusta com soluções simplistas e autoritárias”. Para o argentino La Nación, o candidato mistura linha dura com messianismo. No El Clarín, Bolsonaro é militarista e xenófobo, mas ainda assim favorito para a eleição brasileira.  O La Republica, do Peru, assim como o veículo holandês, também salientou os protestos protagonizados por mulheres no País.
http://www.justificando.com/2018/10/09/o-que-os-jornais-do-mundo-estao-falando-sobre-jair-bolsonaro/


Justificando não cobra, cobrou, ou pretende cobrar dos seus leitores pelo acesso aos seus conteúdos, mas temos uma equipe e estrutura que precisa de recursos para se manter. Como uma forma de incentivar a produção de conteúdo crítico progressista e agradar o nosso público, nós criamos a Pandora, com cursos mensais por um preço super acessível (R$ 19,90/mês).
Assinando o plano +MaisJustificando, você tem acesso integral aos cursos Pandora e ainda incentiva a nossa redação a continuar fazendo a diferença na cobertura jornalística nacional.

          Jurnal Internasional Hutan, Vol. 9, Halaman 619: Perhatian Diperlukan dalam Menghitung Respons Biomassa Terestrial untuk Peningkatan Suhu: Meta-Analisis Pemanasan Eksperimental Berbasis Lapangan Di Seluruh China      Cache   Translate Page      

Download Jurnal Disini Hutan, Vol. 9, Halaman 619: Perhatian Diperlukan dalam Menghitung Respons Biomassa Terestrial untuk Peningkatan Suhu: Meta-Analisis Pemanasan Eksperimental Berbasis Lapangan Di Seluruh China Hutan doi: 10.3390 / f9100619 Penulis: Kai Yan Shuang Zhang Yahuang Luo Zhenghong Wang Deli Zhai Jianchu Xu Huizhao Yang Sailesh Ranjitkar Kepastian atas akumulasi biomassa yang dipicu oleh

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          美国家航空航天局发布《国家太空探索活动报告》      Cache   Translate Page      
9月24日,美国国家航空航天局(NASA)发布《国家太空探索活动报告》。报告强调了美国国家太空探索活动的五项战 … 继续阅读美国家航空航天局发布《国家太空探索活动报告》
          NASA: Δεν αποκλείεται η ύπαρξη εξωγήινων στο ηλιακό μας σύστημα      Cache   Translate Page      
Ο επικεφαλής της NASA Τζιμ Μπραϊντενστάιν, κατά την διάρκεια διάλεξης που έδωσε σήμερα στο πανεπιστήμιο Λομονόσοφ της Μόσχας με θέμα τις προοπτικές εξερεύνησης του Διαστήματος, δεν απέκλεισε το ενδεχόμενο της ύπαρξης ζωής στο ηλιακό μας σύστημα. Απαντώντας εξάλλου σε ερώτημα σχετικά με τις σχέσεις ΗΠΑ-Ρωσίας στον
          NASA откажется от российских космических кораблей в пользу SpaceX и Boeing      Cache   Translate Page      
Уже в июле следующего года SpaceX должна отправить первый корабль с астронавтами к МКС.
          Al-Makura pledges to support Nigerian Institute of Physics      Cache   Translate Page      

Gov. Umaru Al-Makura of Nasarawa State on Tuesday pledged that his administration would fully support activities of Nigerian Institute of Physics (NIP) geared toward national development. The governor made the pledge at the opening ceremony of the Institute’s 41st Annual Conference in Lafia. Our correspondent reports that the theme of the 2018 conference, scheduled to […]

The post Al-Makura pledges to support Nigerian Institute of Physics appeared first on Newsverge.


          7 Cosas que los hombres piensan de las mujeres según su forma de vestir      Cache   Translate Page      

Tu forma de vestir puede decir mucho más de ti de lo que imaginas… La ropa y el estilo son capaces de mostrar nuestra personalidad y, desde el punto de la psicología, se puede obtener gran cantidad de información de ellos. La ropa influye en nuestros sentimientos, e incluso en nuestro estado de ánimo. ¿Qué […]

El artículo 7 Cosas que los hombres piensan de las mujeres según su forma de vestir se publicó primero en rolloid.


          Pose Menggemaskan Anak Sandra Dewi yang Ganteng dari Lahir      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Anak-anak artis belakangan tidak kalah populer dari kedua orangtuanya. Tidak terkecuali dengan Raphael Moeis, buah hati pasangan Harvey Moeis dan artis Sandra Dewi yang sukses menyita atensi banyak orang dengan polahnya yang lucu.

Seperti yang diketahui, Harvey dan Sandra resmi mengikat janji suci pernikahan pada 8 November 2016 setelah tiga tahun menjalin kasih. Buah cinta mereka, Raphael Moeis pun lahir ke dunia pada 31 Desember 2017 pukul 09.28 WIB.

Sandra membagikan potret keluarga kecil pertamanya di akun Instagram pribadi pada 4 Januari lalu. Dalam potret terlihat ia menggendong Raphael dan sang suami berada di samping sembari mencium buah hati mereka. Tidak mau kalah, Rafa, begitu ia akrab disapa juga ikut tersenyum.

Rafa juga memiliki akun Instagram yang dikendalikan oleh Harvey dan Sandra. Wajah yang ganteng sejak lahir dan pose-pose menggemaskannya berhasil memikat lebih dari 513 ribu pengikut. Akun ini berisi berbagai momen yang Rafa lewatkan bersama orang-orang terkasih.

Penasaran seperti apa pose-pose menggemaskan anak Sandra Dewi, Raphael Moeis yang sudah ganteng dan lucu sejak lahir? Yuk, simak rangkuman selengkapnya di bawah ini.

* Update Terkini Asian Para Games 2018 Mulai dari Jadwal Pertandingan, Perolehan Medali hingga Informasi Terbaru di Sini.

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Pose Menggemaskan Raphael Moeis

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BoX6o3zlGZQ/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Akun Instagram Raphael Moeis diisi oleh keceriaan dan tawanya yang sangat menggemaskan. Lewat beberapa cuplikan video, Rafa terlihat begitu murah senyum dan selalu memberikan wajah riang ketika ada yang mengajaknya bermain.

Seperti ketika Rafa genap berusia setahun pada 1 Oktober lalu. Ada potret dirinya tengah terduduk di atas karpet dengan mengenakan kemeja bermotif mickey mouse. Tawa riangnya mantap tertangkap kamera dan membuat banyak orang mengungkapkan rasa gemas di kolom komentar.

Senyum Raphael Moeis Sebelum Mandi

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BnyR_RSHOWg/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Pose yang tidak kalah lucu adalah saat Rafa mandi sore. Dalam potret ia dalam posisi tengkurap di tempat tidurnya hanya mengenakan handuk putih. Senyum manis kembali Rafa berikan kepada kamera yang tertuju padanya.

Masih di potret yang sama namun di slide kedua, kamera kembali mengabadikan momen lain. Rafa yang menoleh ke belakang tetapi masih menebarkan senyum manis dan sedang memegang handuknya.

Terdiam di Kasur

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BlFMS1EFOfY/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Pose Rafa selanjutnya tidak kalah menggemaskan. Bukan sedang tertawa, tersenyum, atau menangis, tetapi ia terdiam di kursi bayi. Ekspresinya yang datar dengan bibir merah karena memakan buah naga kian menambah tingkat keimutannya.

Selain itu, Rafa juga masih memakai baby bib dengan gambar karakter Simba di film Disney berjudul The Lion King. Sungguh menggemaskan bukan?


           NASA head: Space station hole cause will be determined       Cache   Translate Page      
The head of the U.S. space agency said Tuesday that he's sure that investigators will determine the cause of a mysterious hole that appeared on the International Space Station.
          2 Makanan Asli Indonesia yang Terinspirasi dari Perselingkuhan      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Tak hanya dikenal dengan pesona alamnya, Indonesia juga terkenal dengan wisata kulinernya yang kaya akan rasa. Setiap daerah di Indonesia memiliki makanan dengan cita rasa yang khas.

Rendang, nasi goreng, dan satai adalah beberapa nama makanan khas Indonesia yang sudah menjadi favorit wisatawan mancanegara. Bahkan makanan tersebut masuk dalam daftar makanan paling enak di dunia versi CNN 2017.

Tapi, bukan hanya makanan tersebut saja yang enak dan menggugah selera. Masih banyak makanan tradisional Indonesia yang memiliki rasa lezat dengan beragam nama yang unik. Misalnya, dua makanan ini.

Mendengar namanya, mungkin pikiran Anda langsung tertuju dengan pasangan yang tak setia. Penasaran?

Udang Selingkuh

Udang Selingkuh, makanan khas Papua Barat (Liputan6.com/sumber foto: akun instagram @aidan_darwinds)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Menjadi makanan khas Papua Barat, nama makanan ini memang unik dan bikin penasaran. Nama makanan ini Udang Selingkuh. Udang selingkuh ini sangat populer di wilayah Wamena, Papua Barat.

Sebagian warga Papua Barat menganggap udang ini berselingkuh dengan kepiting karena udang yang menjadi bahan utama, punya capit seperti kepiting. Biasanya, udang selingkuh dimasak dengan cara dibakar dengan cabai, tomat, bawang dan garam.

* Update Terkini Asian Para Games 2018 Mulai dari Jadwal Pertandingan, Perolehan Medali hingga Informasi Terbaru di Sini.

Kue Selingkuh

kue selingkuh, makanan khas penduduk Pulau Seribu (liputan6.com/sumber foto: budaya indonesia.org)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Jika berwisata ke Pulau Pramuka di Kepulauan Seribu, Jakarta, jangan heran jika Anda ditawarkan jajanan unik khas penduduk sana. Namanya kue selingkuh.

Kue ini terbuat dari beras yang diaroni dengan santan kelapa, lalu dibungkus dengan daun pisang dan diisi dengan tumbukan ikan yang berbumbu dapur. Kue ini dimasak dengan cara dikukus.

Saksikan video pilihan di bawah ini:


          NASA head: Space station hole cause will be determined      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA head: Space station hole cause will be determined#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000 The head of the U.S. space agency said Tuesday that he's sure that investigators will determine the cause of a mysterious hole that appeared on the International Space Station. Reported by MailOnline 27 minutes ago.
          Philip Treacy, Sosok Penting di Balik Topi-Topi Cantik Kate Middleton      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Para putri Kerajaan Inggris, termasuk Duchess of Cambridge Kate Middleton, seringkali tampil dengan hiasan kepala atau topi-topi cantik dan unik saat menghadiri acara. Salah satu yang menarik perhatian adalah topi warna krem berlidah lebar yang dikenakannya saat upacara Trooping the Colour.

Bentuk topi yang dikenakan Kate Middleton pada 11 Juni 2016 lalu, menarik perhatian karena hiasan berbentuk bunga mawar besar di bawah lidah topi. Penampilannya elegan tetapi tetap menawan saat ia duduk di samping Camilla Parker Bowles, ibu mertuanya.

Banyak lagi topi yang dikenakan Kate hingga memesona publik. Topi-topi itu kebanyakan hasil kreativitas Philip Treacy, lelaki Irlandia yang lahir pada 26 Mei 1967.

Dilansir hellomagazine.com, Treacy adalah anak kedua dari delapan bersaudara yang menempuh studi di National College of Art and Design Dublin dan melanjutkannya ke Royal College of Art di London.

Ia kemudian mengkhususkan diri pada desain topi yang awalnya menggunakan barang-barang dari pasar barang bekas. Tak lama setelah kelulusannya pada 1991, karya Treacy mulai menaik perhatian banyak rumah mode, seperti Chanel, Valentino, Versace, dan Rifat Ozbek.

Ia lalu mendirikan perusahaan atas namanya sendiri dan meraih gelar Accessory Designer of the Year pada British Fashion Award hingga lima kali. Meski kebanyakan topinya dijual secara terbatas, Treacy juga sempat menjual karyanya ke toko fashion kelas menengah, Debenhams.

 

* Update Terkini Asian Para Games 2018 Mulai dari Jadwal Pertandingan, Perolehan Medali hingga Informasi Terbaru di Sini.

 

Hiasi Tamu Pernikahan Meghan Markle

Pangeran William dan Kate Middleton bersama anak-anak mereka tiba pada acara pembaptisan Pangeran Louis di Chapel Royal, St. James Palace, Senin (9/7). Ini menjadi penampilan pertama kalinya mereka muncul berlima di publik. (Dominic Lipinski/Pool via AP)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Meski begitu, karya Treacy sudah lekat dengan kalangan atas. Ia bahkan mendesain 20 topi yang dikenakan para tamu undangan pernikahan Pangeran Harry dan Meghan Markle pada 19 Mei 2018 lalu. Termasuk di antaranya Camilla, Kate Middleton, dan Oprah Winfrey.

Penasaran dengan harga topi-topi cantik karya Treacy? Sebuah topi berdesain mirip yang dikenakan Kate Middleton pada acara tersebut di atas misalnya, dihargai 1.725 dolar AS di situs lyst.com. Tetapi, Trilby Hat dengan desain lebih sederhana dihargai mulai 400-an dolar AS.

Jelang pernikahan anggota Kerajaan Inggris, Putri Eugenie pada minggu ini, Treacy dipastikan akan kembali sibuk. Mari nantikan topi-topi karyanya mempercantik tampilan para pesohor, termasuk Kate Middleton.

Saksikan video pilihan berikut ini:


          HEADLINE: Horor Likuifaksi di Palu Berpotensi Terulang, Apa Solusinya?      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Arisan sedang menanam terung saat azan maghrib berkumandang. Pria 45 tahun itu segera menghentikan aktivitasnya untuk menunaikan ibadah salat. Namun, ia tak kuasa melangkah. Dahsyatnya guncangan gempa magnitudo 7,4 pada Jumat 28 September 2018 membuat tubuhnya tak berdaya.

Istrinya, Zumiati yang sedang memasak berusaha keras keluar. "Gempa!" teriak perempuan itu. Rumah mereka sudah doyong. Suara tembok yang retak terdengar mengerikan. Segala benda berjatuhan, termasuk wajan, panci, sodet dan segala perabotan yang ada di dapur. 

Tiba-tiba bumi terbelah. Lumpur muncrat deras. "Tanah sudah tidak karuan. Naik turun. Tidak ada tempat berlindung. Kita mau injak tanah amblas lagi, tidak ada yang rata," kata warga Biromaru, Sigi itu kepada Liputan6.com, Senin 8 Oktober 2018.

Arisan kemudian menyaksikan rumah-rumah di kampungnya bergeser ke arah timur. Ia dan keluarganya segera menyelamatkan diri ke tanggul Petobo. Pria itu hanya bisa menatap sedih tempat tinggalnya yang hancur terbelah tiga, lalu amblas di tengah kubangan lumpur.  

Dia menduga, tanah di kampungnya amblas sekitar empat meter disebabkan lokasinya di daerah persawahan. "Di atas irigasi-irigasinya mungkin air meresap ke tanah semua. Makanya, tanahnya itu goyang," kata Arisan.

Ia mengaku tak pernah mendengar cerita atau hikayat tentang tanah padat yang tiba-tiba mencair dan bergerak naik turun seperti ombak. Apalagi mendengar kata likuifaksi (liquefaction) atau 'tanah yang mencair', yang menjelaskan peristiwa horor yang dialaminya. 

Peristiwa serupa juga terjadi di Kompleks Balaroa, Palu. Bahkan lebih parah. Area seluas 47,8 hektare hancur karena likuifaksi. Sekitar 1.747 rumah amblas bersama segala isinya, termasuk manusia-manusia di dalamnya.

Zainal sedang ada di kantor saat gempa mengguncang. Ia pun lari tunggang-langgang menuju rumahnya di Perumnas Balaroa. Hatinya tak karuan memikirkan nasib istrinya, Hilda dan anak-anak mereka. 

Belum sampai ke tujuan, ia bertemu keluarganya. "Kami melihat rumah kami masuk ke dalam tanah," ucap dia. "Hampir 100 persen rumah rata dengan tanah, banyak korban meninggal."

Tak hanya kehilangan tempat tinggal. Zainal juga kehilangan tujuh anggota keluarganya. Sementara, lima lainnya dipastikan meninggal dunia. 

Kini, tak lagi ada seruan-seruan minta tolong yang sempat terdengar pada awal kejadian likuifaksi. 

Tanah di Balaroa sudah mengeras, meski belum padat. Tim SAR, TNI, dan relawan terpaksa menggunakan alat berat untuk mengevakuasi korban yang masih tertimbun. 

Karena likuifaksi berpotensi terjadi di tempat yang sama. Peristiwa mengerikan ini mungkin akan terulang ketika ada gempa. Entah kapan.

Infografis Likuifaksi Fenomena Tanah Bergerak (Liputan6.com/Triyasni)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Tak Boleh Dihuni

Usai mengalami likuifaksi, tiga kelurahan di Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah, yaitu Petobo, Balaroa dan Jono Oge akan ditutup dan tak lagi dijadikan hunian masyarakat.

Kepala Pusat Data, Informasi dan Humas BNPB Sutopo Purwo Nugroho mengatakan, pemerintah berencana membangun ruang terbuka hijau dan monumen untuk dijadikan sebagai tempat bersejarah.

"Lokasi likuifaksi itu akan ditutup dan akan dijadikan ruang terbuka hijau serta menjadi memorial park atau tempat bersejarah dan akan dibangun monumen," kata Sutopo di Kantor BNPB, Jakarta Timur, Selasa (9/10/2018).

Selain itu, ia mengungkapkan, para korban yang selamat dari musibah itu akan menggelar doa bersama untuk mereka yang tewas. Doa bersama rencana akan dilakukan pada Kamis besok.

Doa bersama itu juga bertepatan dengan berakhirnya masa pencarian korban di lokasi likuifaksi Kota Palu. Penghentian pencarian tersebut mempertimbangkan kondisi jenazah yang ditemukan dalam keadaan terurai dan sudah tak lagi dikenali.

"Korban yang berhasil dievakuasi, jika sudah 14 hari itu sudah melepuh atau susah dikenali. Jenazah yang ditemukan langsung dimakamkan. Karena berpotensi menimbulkan penyakit," ungkap Sutopo.

Sebelumnya, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB) akan menghentikan pencarian korban meninggal dunia pada Kamis besok di Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah. Wilayah yang akan dihentikan itu yakni di Kelurahan Petobo, Balaroa dan Jono Oge.

Sutopo mengatakan, ketiga daerah yang dihentikan untuk pencarian korban itu merupakan wilayah yang terjadi atau terkena likuifaksi. "Jadi mulai 11 Oktober 2018 secara resmi proses evakuasi disetop," kata Sutopo.

Saksikan video terkait likuifaksi berikut ini: 

Nalodo yang Terlupakan

Pantauan udara ratusan rumah terendam lumpur dan tanah di Petobo, Palu Selatan, Sulawesi Tengah, Rabu (3/10). Fenomena likuifaksi tersebut terjadi pasca gempa berkekuatan 7,4. (Liputan6.com/Fery Pradolo)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Bencana rangkap tiga melanda Palu dan sekitarnya pada 28 September 2018: gempa, tsunami, dan likuifaksi.

Kepala Pusat Gempa dan Tsunami BMKG Rahmat Triyono mengatakan, hal itu tergolong unik.  "Kejadian ini juga belum pernah ada dalam sejarah kegempaan, meskipun dalam gempa paling diikuti likuifaksi iya, gempa diikuti tsunami iya dan itu enggak semua. Nah ini semua terjadi di Palu, gempa, tsunami dan likuifaksi," kata dia saat dihubungi Liputan6.com, Selasa (9/10/2018). 

Sejatinya bukan kali ini saja likuifaksi melanda Palu. Rahmat mengatakan, terdapat riwayat likuifaksi di Ibu Kota Sulawesi Tengah itu. Namun, kisah tentang malapetaka itu tak diwariskan hingga generasi saat ini. 

Di wilayah tersebut, dikenal istilah nalodo yang berarti amblas dihisap lumpur. "Itu sudah pernah terjadi beberapa puluhan tahun lalu, itu sudah ada," kata Rahmat Triyono.

Dia mengatakan, ke depan perlu ada survei mengenai titik mana saja yang rawan likuifaksi. Tim dari geologi atau BMKG harus turun memetakan tata kota Palu ke depan, mana yang aman dan mana yang bahaya.

Rahmat menyebutkan, tanah bekas likuifaksi sebaiknya tidak digunakan lagi. Sebab, sejarah bisa kembali berulang di masa depan. Jika gempa kembali mengguncang.

Senada, Peneliti Pusat Penelitian Geoteknologi LIPI Adrin Tohari menambahkan, lebih baik masyarakat yang menempati kawasan bekas likuifaksi, direlokasi. Selain mahal, perbaikan untuk memadatkan tanah justru berpotensi bahaya.

"Karena likuifaksi juga akan terjadi terus menerus. Kalau terjadi bencana yang sangat kuat, tanah itu akan terus mengalami likuifaksi di lokasi yang sama," ujar Adrin kepada Liputan6.com.

Dia mengatakan, tidak masalah bila lahan bekas likuifaksi dijadikan tempat budi daya seperti pertanian dan perkebunan, atau untuk olahraga. Asal, jangan untuk kawasan hunian.

Pemetaan di Palu juga harus diperjelas, mana yang rawan terkena dampak tsunami, guncangan gempa, dan likuifaksi. 

Mengapa Hanya di Beberapa Titik?

Adrin Tohari mengatakan, ada pertanyaan besar yang belum terjawab, mengapa likuifaksi hanya terjadi di beberapa titik saja seperti Balaroa, Petobo, hingga Jono Oge. 

Kemungkinan besar, kata dia, ada faktor di bawah permukaan tanah yang mengontrol fenomena likuifaksi di daerah tersebut.

"Ini yang jadi pertanyaan kami untuk ketahui. Faktor apa yang kontrol likuifaksi dahsyat di lokasi itu," kata Adrin.

Dia mengatakan, wilayah yang mengalami likuifaksi harus dihindari, terutama untuk hunian. Namun, likuifaksi yang berupa semburan pasir masih bisa diatasi, dengan bangunan yang ditinggikan.

"Ketika likuifaksi, air ke atas akan merusak lantai rumah, dan penurunan pondasi. Jadi pondasi harus kuat untuk tempat tinggal. Lantai harus dinaikkan. Kalau misalnya bangunan bertingkat, pondasi harus dalam dan lapisan tanah keras," kata dia.

Dia mengatakan, untuk wilayah lingkup perumahan, harus diperbaiki kepadatan tanahnya karena likuifaksi terjadi di tanah gembur. Tanah padat, ketika menerima guncangan gempa, tidak akan menimbulkan likuifaksi.

Metode pemadatan tanah juga harys digunakan untuk proyek pembangunan infrastuktur penting seperti di bandara, pelabuhan, yang dekat dengan laut.

Masyarakat terutama di daerah pesisir, ketika membangun rumah, diimbau agar lantai dibuatseperti semi panggung. Hal ini berkaca dari gempa Padang 2009. Kala itu, banyak bangunan yang rusak dan lantainya naik setengah meter sementara pondasi turun setengah meter, namun bangunan masih utuh berdiri.

Sementara itu, Ahli Geologi dari Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) Imam Sadisun mengatakan, llikuifaksi terjadi di tanah yang jenuh air, di endapan lepas, di mana konsolidasi tanah tak terlalu padat, hingga muka air tanah yang tidak terlalu dalam.

Likuifaksi bisa dipicu gempa kekuatan magnitudo di atas 5 dan yang kedalamannya dangkal.

Imam menyatakan, likuifaksi di Palu dan sekitarnya sangat dahsyat. Berbeda dengan wilayah lain yang tidak mengakibatkan kerusakan masif.

"Di Lombok ada retakan keluar pasir dan keluar air seperti muncrat membawa material pasir dan sumur penduduk keluar pasir," kata Iman. Selain Palu dan Lombok, likuifaksi juga terjadi saat gempa di Aceh pada 2004, Yogyakarta dan Bengkulu."

Imam mengatakan, likuifaksi terjadi pada kedalaman kurang dari 20 meter, artinya tanah yang sifatnya menjadi air dalamnya tidak lebih dari 20 meter. Jadi, jika ada bangunan dengan pondasi sedalam 50 hingga 100 meter, baru dipastikan aman dari bahaya.

 

Niigata hingga Sodom

Pantauan udara ratusan rumah terendam lumpur dan tanah di Petobo, Palu, Sulawesi Tengah, Rabu (3/10). Fenomena likuifaksi merupakan hilangnya kekuatan tanah akibat besarnya massa dan volume lumpur yang keluar pasca gempa. (Liputan6.com/Fery Pradolo)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Ini yang dikisahkan dalam kitab suci tiga agama, Yahudi, Kristen, dan Islam: api dan belerang panas berjatuhan dari langit. Sementara itu, bumi gonjang-ganjing. Kota Sodom dan Gomora binasa dalam sekejap. Hilang tertelan Bumi. Situasi dramatis itu dipicu kemarahan Tuhan atas dosa-dosa para penghuninya.

Apakah Sodom dan Gomora hanya sekedar kisah atau nyata terjadi, para arkeolog, ilmuwan gempa, dan ahli agama belum mencapai kata sepakat.

Namun, pada tahun 2011, ahli geologi asal Inggris Graham Harris dan Anthony Beardow mengungkapkan, dua kota tersebut mungkin nyata. Letaknya diduga di semenanjung Laut Mati.

"Mungkin kita akan menemukan benda-benda dari kota itu. Misalnya tanda 'kereta kuda dlarang masuk' di luar balai kota Sodom," kata Harris seperti dikutip dari Independent.

Dalam jurnal Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology, kedua ilmuwan berpendapat bahwa kisah Sodom dan Gomorah, didasarkan pada realitas geologis, bukan mitos belaka.

Harris yakin, kota Sodom terkubur di bawah lapisan lumpur dan puing-puing. Pun dengan manusia-manusia di dalamnya.  

Para ilmuwan juga mencoba menguak misteri penyebab lenyapnya Sodom dan Gomora yang diperkirakan terjadi sekitar tahun 1900 SM. Tersangkanya, menurut Harris dan Beardow adalah likuifaksi.

Pendapat tersebut didukung catatan sejarah tentang peradaban masa lalu yang musnah ditelan bumi. 

Misalnya, di Yunani pada abad ke-4 SM, sebuah kota hancur oleh likuifaksi atau runtuhnya tanah dalam peristiwa gempa bumi. Di Kansu, China, sebuah area yang sangat luas hilang karena likuifaksi pada tahun 1920.

Dan, yang terpenting pantai timur Laut Mati -- di mana Sodom dan Gomora diperkirakan berada, terletak di sepanjang patahan geologi, di mana gempa bumi sering terjadi.

Lindu besar, kata para ahli geologi, bisa menyebabkan likuifaksi dalam skala yang cukup besar untuk menelan kota Sodom, pun dengan Gomora.

Gambaran apokaliptik bak negara dunia saat Sodom tenggelam di dalam tanah, mungkin dipicu bitumen yang terbakar. Yang menimbulkan efek seperti hujan api.

Sementara, seperti dikutip dari situs Berkeley Seismology Lab, kali pertama para seismolog mengetahui secara utuh peristiwa likuifaksi adalah pada 1964.

Kala itu, pada 16 Juni 1964 sekitar pukul 13.01 waktu setempat, gempa dengan magnitudo 7,5 atau 7,6 mengguncang Niigata, Jepang.

Kota Niigata, yang baru saja pulih dari kebakaran besar pada tahun 1955, rusak berat akibat guncangan dahsyat juga likuifaksi.

Dampak likuifaksi akibat gempa di Niigata, Jepang pada 1964 (Wikipedia/Public Domain)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Sejumlah bangunan apartemen tenggelam ke tanah atau bahkan terbalik saat tanah padat berubah cair dan kehilangan daya topangnya.

 


          Hubble Space Telescope goes into safe mode due to failed gyro; Plan B pending      Cache   Translate Page      

Hubble Space Telescope goes into safe mode due to failed gyro; Plan B pendingThe 28-year-old Hubble Space Telescope is temporarily out of service, due to the failure of one of its gyroscopic pointing devices, but scientists say they’re working on a Plan B. Today NASA confirmed reports that Hubble scientists such as deputy mission head Rachel Osten were passing along over the weekend: One of the telescope’s three active gyros had failed on Friday, which hampered the telescope’s ability to point at astronomical targets for long periods. NASA said that Hubble’s instruments were still fully operational, and that mission managers were working to address the gyro issue: “Built with multiple redundancies, Hubble had… Read More



          Pose Menggemaskan Anak Sandra Dewi yang Ganteng dari Lahir      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Anak-anak artis belakangan tidak kalah populer dari kedua orangtuanya. Tidak terkecuali dengan Raphael Moeis, buah hati pasangan Harvey Moeis dan artis Sandra Dewi yang sukses menyita atensi banyak orang dengan polahnya yang lucu.

Seperti yang diketahui, Harvey dan Sandra resmi mengikat janji suci pernikahan pada 8 November 2016 setelah tiga tahun menjalin kasih. Buah cinta mereka, Raphael Moeis pun lahir ke dunia pada 31 Desember 2017 pukul 09.28 WIB.

Sandra membagikan potret keluarga kecil pertamanya di akun Instagram pribadi pada 4 Januari lalu. Dalam potret terlihat ia menggendong Raphael dan sang suami berada di samping sembari mencium buah hati mereka. Tidak mau kalah, Rafa, begitu ia akrab disapa juga ikut tersenyum.

Rafa juga memiliki akun Instagram yang dikendalikan oleh Harvey dan Sandra. Wajah yang ganteng sejak lahir dan pose-pose menggemaskannya berhasil memikat lebih dari 513 ribu pengikut. Akun ini berisi berbagai momen yang Rafa lewatkan bersama orang-orang terkasih.

Penasaran seperti apa pose-pose menggemaskan anak Sandra Dewi, Raphael Moeis yang sudah ganteng dan lucu sejak lahir? Yuk, simak rangkuman selengkapnya di bawah ini.

* Update Terkini Asian Para Games 2018 Mulai dari Jadwal Pertandingan, Perolehan Medali hingga Informasi Terbaru di Sini.

Simak video pilihan di bawah ini:

Pose Menggemaskan Raphael Moeis

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BoX6o3zlGZQ/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Akun Instagram Raphael Moeis diisi oleh keceriaan dan tawanya yang sangat menggemaskan. Lewat beberapa cuplikan video, Rafa terlihat begitu murah senyum dan selalu memberikan wajah riang ketika ada yang mengajaknya bermain.

Seperti ketika Rafa genap berusia setahun pada 1 Oktober lalu. Ada potret dirinya tengah terduduk di atas karpet dengan mengenakan kemeja bermotif mickey mouse. Tawa riangnya mantap tertangkap kamera dan membuat banyak orang mengungkapkan rasa gemas di kolom komentar.

Senyum Raphael Moeis Sebelum Mandi

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BnyR_RSHOWg/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Pose yang tidak kalah lucu adalah saat Rafa mandi sore. Dalam potret ia dalam posisi tengkurap di tempat tidurnya hanya mengenakan handuk putih. Senyum manis kembali Rafa berikan kepada kamera yang tertuju padanya.

Masih di potret yang sama namun di slide kedua, kamera kembali mengabadikan momen lain. Rafa yang menoleh ke belakang tetapi masih menebarkan senyum manis dan sedang memegang handuknya.

Terdiam di Kasur

Raphael Moeis (dok. Instagram @raphaelmoeis / https://www.instagram.com/p/BlFMS1EFOfY/?hl=en&taken-by=raphaelmoeis / Putu Elmira)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Pose Rafa selanjutnya tidak kalah menggemaskan. Bukan sedang tertawa, tersenyum, atau menangis, tetapi ia terdiam di kursi bayi. Ekspresinya yang datar dengan bibir merah karena memakan buah naga kian menambah tingkat keimutannya.

Selain itu, Rafa juga masih memakai baby bib dengan gambar karakter Simba di film Disney berjudul The Lion King. Sungguh menggemaskan bukan?


          Rapid, Unprecedented Change Needed to Halt Global Warming – U.N.      Cache   Translate Page      
By Nina Chestney and Jane Chung LONDON/INCHEON, South Korea, Oct 8 (Reuters) – Keeping the Earth’s temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius means making rapid, unprecedented changes in the way people use energy to eat, travel and live or we risk even more extreme weather and loss of species, a U.N. report said on Monday. Meeting […]
          ISS onLive: HD View Earth Live v4.4.5 [Unlocked]      Cache   Translate Page      
ISS onLive: HD View Earth Live v4.4.5 Requirements: 4.1 and upOverview: ISS onLive allows you to watch realtime video of earth from International Space Station. – HDEV (HD Live Earth Viewing Experiment) Camera– ISS SD secondary cameras / onboard cameras– NasaTV Channel– NasaTV Media Channel You can watch two channels at the same time in your device, specially designed to follow spacewalks, or watch the two live cameras. Includes Chromecast support to send the video streams to your TV, and watch 3 video channels at the same time including your device. With ISS onLive you can get notifications of the
          LOTE RESIDENCIAL em Manaus AM, Ponta Negra      Cache   Translate Page      
95000
Condomínio Quinta das MarinasÁrea de Terreno: 10x25 = 250m²Condomínio:Vigilância 24hMotocicletaCerca PulsativaCâmera de SegurançaLazer:Estação EcológicaPiscina Adulto e InfantilSalão de Festa Quadra Poliesportiva
250 m2 380 BRL/m²
Mon, 08 Oct 2018 11:12:29 -0400
          Condomínio Jardim das Américas Ponta Negra      Cache   Translate Page      
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Condomínio Jardim das AméricasCasa para VendaPonta Negra, Manaus4 dormitórios sendo 4 suítes, 6 banheiros, 4 vagas750,00 construída, 800,00 total04 suítes com closetHomeEscritórioPiscinaSala de estar/ jantarCozinhaÁrea de serviçoQuarto de...
4 dormitórios 6 banheiros jardim
Mon, 08 Oct 2018 11:12:17 -0400
          Lula pediu para Haddad não visitá-lo mais, diz Gleisi Hoffmann      Cache   Translate Page      

iG São Paulo

Segundo a presidente nacional do PT, ex-presidente disse para Haddad ir fazer campanha; presidenciável foi a Curitiba na última segunda-feira (8)

Segundo Gleisi Hoffmann, ex-presidente Lula teria dito para que Fernando Haddad faça campanha

Segundo Gleisi Hoffmann, ex-presidente Lula teria dito para que Fernando Haddad faça campanha

Foto: Claudio Kbene

Atendendo a um pedido do ex-presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, o candidato à Presidência Fernando Haddad (PT) não deve mais visitá-lo em Curitiba na etapa final da campanha. A informação foi divulgada nesta terça-feira (9) pela presidente nacional do PT, senadora Gleisi Hoffmann (PR).

Lula está preso desde abril na carceragem da Polícia Federal após condenação em segunda instância por corrupção e lavagem de dinheiro no caso do triplex do Guarujá (SP). Ir a Curitiba nas segundas-feiras era parte da rotina de Fernando Haddad no primeiro turno, como ocorreu no dia 8 logo após as eleições.

De acordo com Gleisi, foi o próprio Lula que determinou a Haddad para concentrar os esforços na campanha. “'Manda o Haddad fazer campanha, não precisa mais vir aqui'”, disse a presidente do PT repetindo a frase que teria sido dita pelo ex-presidente.

“Estamos com um curto espaço de tempo. Só temos mais duas semanas”, justificou sobre a orientação do ex-presidente. A senadora participou de reunião do diretório nacional da legenda e governadores.

Haddad passou a manhã desta terça-feira (9) reunido com líderes do PT em São Paulo. À tarde, ele recebeu o apoio dos governadores do Maranhão Flávio Dino (PCdoB); do Piauí, Wellington Dias (PT); da Bahia, Rui Costa (PT); de Minas Gerais, Fernando Pimentel (PT) e do Ceará, Camilo Santana (PT).

Leia também: PSB decide apoiar Haddad no segundo turno das eleições

Segundo Haddad, durante a reunião com os governadores, foram discutidas propostas “sensíveis ao Nordeste”, como a questão da segurança pública e da saúde. “A Polícia Federal vai passar a atuar no próximo governo contra o crime organizado nacionalmente. A ideia é que nós avancemos no programa que foi apresentado ao Tribunal Superior Eleitoral [TSE] com a ideia de que parte grande do crime hoje tem organizações nacionais”, apontou. No tema da saúde, ele disse que vai criar policlínicas para oferta de serviços de especialidade e cirurgias eletivas.

O candidato do PT reuniu-se ainda com o candidato pelo PSOL, Guilherme Boulos, que oficializou apoio no segundo turno. “É o primeiro partido que a gente tem o apoio formal e encontro com Fernando Haddad”, enfatizou Gleisi. 


          Aiteo Cup semi finals: Who are favourites for the title?      Cache   Translate Page      
Following a series of thrilling quarter finals in the Aiteo Cup, we're down to the final four, as the teams still standing in the competition compete for the chance to represent Nigeria in the 2019 CAF Confederation Cup. Kano Pillars, Enugu Rangers, Nasarawa United and Katsina United are set to contest the semi finals, which kick off on Wednesday, in this fascinating battle between the old guard and the emerging forces in Nigerian football. Five-time champions Rangers are billed to tackle Nasarawa...
          Keren! 10 Game Ini Mengandung Unsur Indonesia      Cache   Translate Page      

Bermain game memang selalu mengasyikan untuk mengisi waktu luang. Bahkan bisa sampai membuat pemainnya lupa waktu. Namun, tahukah kamu bahwa ternyata ada beberapa permainan yang mengandung unsur Indonesia. Penasaran bukan? mungkin sebagian dari kamu sudah pernah memainkannya sebab game tersebut termasuk populer dan menantang. 10 Game Ini Mengandung Unsur Indonesia Kata mengandung unsur Indonesia itu …

The post Keren! 10 Game Ini Mengandung Unsur Indonesia appeared first on VazGaming.com - Pusat Informasi Seputar Game.


          10/10/2018: News: Blast your way to NASA’s KENNEDY SPACE CENTRE in Florida with NewstalkZB      Cache   Translate Page      

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          Global Inhalation & Nasal Spray Generic Drugs Market 2018 Key Trends, Growth, Share, Size, Analysis and Forecast to 2023      Cache   Translate Page      
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🌍🌐Khulafaur Rasyidin , Sahabat Nabi » Biografi ABU BAKAR ASH SHIDDIQ Radhiallahu’anhu - Khalifah islam pertama

MUHAMAD NURDIN FATHURROHMAN 

Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq Radhiyallahu’anhu adalah satu di antara empat khalifah yang diberi gelar Khulafaur Rasyidin atau khalifah yang diberi petunjuk. beliau termasuk di antara mereka yang paling awal memeluk Islam. Setelah Nabi Muhammad Shallallahu alaihi wa sallam wafat, Abu Bakar menjadi khalifah Islam yang pertama pada tahun 632 hingga tahun 634 M. Lahir dengan nama Abdullah bin ‘Utsman.

🌐Nama

Nama beliau -menurut pendapat yang shahih- adalah Abdullah bin ‘Utsman bin ‘Amir bin ‘Amr bin Ka’ab bin Sa’ad bin Taiym bin Murrah bin Ka’ab bin Lu’ay Al Qurasyi At Taimi.

🌐Kun-yah

Beliau memiliki kun-yah: Abu Bakar

🌐Laqb (Julukan)

Beliau dijuluki dengan ‘Atiq (عتيق) dan Ash Shiddiq (الصدِّيق).
Sebagian ulama berpendapat bahwa alasan beliau dijuluki ‘Atiq karena beliau tampan.Sebagian mengatakan karena beliau berwajah cerah.Pendapat lain mengatakan karena beliau selalu terdepan dalam kebaikan. Sebagian juga mengatakan bahwa ibu beliau awalnya tidak kunjung hamil, ketika ia hamil maka ibunya berdoa,
اللهم إن هذا عتيقك من الموت ، فهبه لي
“Ya Allah, jika anak ini engkau bebaskan dari maut, maka hadiahkanlah kepadaku”
Dan ada beberapa pendapat lain.

Sedangkan julukan Ash Shiddiq di dapatkan karena beliau membenarkan kabar dari Nabi Shallallahu ’alaihi Wasallam dengan kepercayaan yang sangat tinggi. Sebagaimana ketika pagi hari setelah malam Isra Mi’raj, orang-orang kafir berkata kepadanya: ‘Teman kamu itu (Muhammad) mengaku-ngaku telah pergi ke Baitul Maqdis dalam semalam’. Beliau menjawab:
 إن كان قال فقد صدق
“Jika ia berkata demikian, maka itu benar”

Allah Ta’ala pun menyebut beliau sebagai Ash Shiddiq:
وَالَّذِي جَاء بِالصِّدْقِ وَصَدَّقَ بِهِ أُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ

“Dan orang yang membawa kebenaran (Muhammad) dan yang membenarkannya, mereka itulah orang-orang yang bertakwa”(QS. Az Zumar: 33)

Tafsiran para ulama tentang ayat ini, yang dimaksud ‘orang yang datang membawa kebenaran’ (جَاء بِالصِّدْقِ) adalah Nabi Muhammad Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam dan yang dimaksud ‘orang yang membenarkannya’ (صَدَّقَ بِهِ) adalah Abu Bakar Radhiyallahu’anhu.

Beliau juga dijuluki Ash Shiddiq karena beliau adalah lelaki pertama yang membenarkan dan beriman kepada Nabi Muhammad  Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam. Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wa sallam telah menamai beliau dengan Ash Shiddiq sebagaimana diriwayatkan dalam Shahih Bukhari:
عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم صعد أُحداً وأبو بكر وعمر وعثمان ، فرجف بهم فقال : اثبت أُحد ، فإنما عليك نبي وصديق وشهيدان
“Dari Anas bin Malik Radhiallahu’anhu bahwa Nabi Shallallahu ’alaihi Wa sallam menaiki gunung Uhud bersama Abu Bakar, Umar dan ‘Utsman. Gunung Uhud pun berguncang. Nabi lalu bersabda:‘Diamlah Uhud, di atasmu ada Nabi, Ash Shiddiq (yaitu Abu Bakr) dan dua orang Syuhada’ (‘Umar dan ‘Utsman)”

🌐Kelahiran

Beliau dilahirkan 2 tahun 6 bulan setelah tahun gajah.

Ciri Fisik
Beliau berkulit putih, bertubuh kurus, berambut lebat, tampak kurus wajahnya, dahinya muncul, dan ia sering memakai hinaa dan katm.

Jasa-jasa
Jasanya yang paling besar adalah masuknya ia ke dalam Islam paling pertama.Hijrahnya beliau bersama Nabi *Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam Ketegaran beliau ketika hari wafatnya Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam Sebelum terjadi hijrah, beliau telah membebaskan 70 orang yang disiksa orang kafir karena alasan bertauhid kepada Allah. Di antara mereka adalah Bilal bin Rabbaah, ‘Amir bin Fahirah, Zunairah, Al Hindiyyah dan anaknya, budaknya Bani Mu’ammal, Ummu ‘UbaisSalah satu jasanya yang terbesar ialah ketika menjadi khalifah beliau memerangi orang-orang murtad Abu Bakar adalah lelaki yang lemah lembut, namun dalam hal memerangi orang yang murtad, beliau memiliki pendirian yang kokoh. Bahkan lebih tegas dan keras dari pada Umar bin Khattab yang terkenal akan keras dan tegasnya beliau dalam pembelaan terhadap Allah. Imam Bukhari dan Muslim meriwayatkan hadits Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu’anhu:

لما توفى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم
واستُخلف أبو بكر وكفر من كفر من العرب قال عمر : يا أبا بكر كيف تقاتل الناس وقد قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : أمِرت أن أقاتل الناس حتى يقولوا لا إله إلا الله ، فمن قال لا إله إلا الله عصم مني ماله ونفسه إلا بحقه وحسابه على الله ؟ قال أبو بكر : والله لأقاتلن من فرق بين الصلاة والزكاة ، فإن الزكاة حق المال ، والله لو منعوني عناقا كانوا يؤدونها إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لقاتلتهم على منعها . قال عمر : فو الله ما هو إلا أن رأيت أن قد شرح الله صدر أبي بكر للقتال فعرفت أنه الحق

“Ketika Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam wafat, dan Abu Bakar menggantikannya, banyak orang yang kafir dari bangsa Arab. Umar berkata: ‘Wahai Abu Bakar, bisa-bisanya engkau memerangi manusia padahal Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda, aku diperintah untuk memerangi manusia sampai mereka mengucapkan Laa ilaaha illallah, barangsiapa yang mengucapkannya telah haram darah dan jiwanya, kecuali dengan hak (jalan yang benar). Adapun hisabnya diserahkan kepada Allah?’ Abu Bakar berkata: ‘Demi Allah akan kuperangi orang yang membedakan antara shalat dengan zakat. Karena zakat adalah hak Allah atas harta. Demi Allah jika ada orang yang enggan membayar zakat di masaku, padahal mereka menunaikannya di masa Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam, akan ku perangi dia’. Umar berkata: ‘Demi Allah, setelah itu tidaklah aku melihat kecuali Allah telah melapangkan dadanya untuk memerangi orang-orang tersebut, dan aku yakin ia di atas kebenaran‘”

Begitu tegas dan kerasnya sikap beliau sampai-sampai para ulama berkata:
نصر الله الإسلام بأبي بكر يوم الردّة ، وبأحمد يوم الفتنة
“Allah menolong Islam melalui Abu Bakar di hari ketika banyak orang murtad, dan melalui Ahmad (bin Hambal) di hari ketika terjadi fitnah (khalqul Qur’an)”
Abu Bakar pun memerangi orang-orang yang murtad dan orang-orang yang enggan membayar zakat ketika itu Musailamah Al Kadzab dibunuh di masa pemerintahan beliau Beliau mengerahkan pasukan untuk menaklukan Syam, sebagaimana keinginan Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam. Dan akhirnya Syam pun di taklukan, demikian juga Iraq.Di masa pemerintahan beliau, Al Qur’an dikumpulkan. Beliau memerintahkan Zaid bin Tsabit untuk mengumpulkannya.Abu Bakar adalah orang yang bijaksana. Ketika ia tidak ridha dengan dilepaskannya Khalid bin Walid, ia berkata:والله لا أشيم سيفا سله الله على عدوه حتى يكون الله هو يشيمه
“Demi Allah, aku tidak akan menghunus pedang yang Allah tujukan kepada musuhnya sampai Allah yang menghunusnya” (HR. Ahmad dan lainnya)

Ketika masa pemerintahan beliau, terjadi peperangan. Beliau pun bertekad untuk pergi sendiri memimpin perang, namun Ali bin Abi Thalib memegang tali kekangnya dan berkata: ‘Mau kemana engkau wahai khalifah? Akan kukatakan kepadamu perkataan Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam ketika perang Uhud:
شِـمْ سيفك ولا تفجعنا بنفسك . وارجع إلى المدينة ، فو الله لئن فُجعنا بك لا يكون للإسلام نظام أبدا
‘Simpanlah pedangmu dan janganlah bersedih atas keadaan kami. Kembalilah ke Madinah. Demi Allah, jika keadaan kami membuatmu sedih Islam tidak akan tegak selamanya‘. Lalu Abu Bakar Radhiallahu’anhu pun kembali dan mengutus pasukan.
Beliau juga sangat mengetahui nasab-nasab bangsa arab
Keutamaan
*Tidak ada lelaki yang memiliki keutaman sebanyak keutamaan Abu Bakar Radhiallahu’anh

✅1. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq adalah manusia terbaik setelah Nabi Muhammad Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam dari golongan umat beliau

Ibnu ‘Umar Radhiallahu’anhu berkata:
كنا نخيّر بين الناس في زمن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فنخيّر أبا بكر ، ثم عمر بن الخطاب ، ثم عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنهم
“Kami pernah memilih orang terbaik di masa Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam. Kami pun memilih Abu Bakar, setelah itu Umar bin Khattab, lalu ‘Utsman bin AffanRadhiallahu’anhu” (HR. Bukhari)
Dari Abu Darda Radhiallahu’anhu, ia berkata:
كنت جالسا عند النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذ أقبل أبو بكر آخذا بطرف ثوبه حتى أبدى عن ركبته فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : أما صاحبكم فقد غامر . وقال : إني كان بيني وبين ابن الخطاب شيء ، فأسرعت إليه ثم ندمت فسألته أن يغفر لي فأبى عليّ ، فأقبلت إليك فقال : يغفر الله لك يا أبا بكر – ثلاثا – ثم إن عمر ندم فأتى منزل أبي بكر فسأل: أثَـمّ أبو بكر ؟ فقالوا : لا ، فأتى إلى النبي فجعل وجه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يتمعّر ، حتى أشفق أبو بكر فجثا على ركبتيه فقال : يا رسول الله والله أنا كنت أظلم – مرتين – فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : إن الله بعثني إليكم فقلتم : كذبت ، وقال أبو بكر : صَدَق ، وواساني بنفسه وماله ، فهل أنتم تاركو لي صاحبي – مرتين – فما أوذي بعدها
“Aku pernah duduk di sebelah Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam. Tiba-tiba datanglah Abu Bakar menghadap Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam sambil menjinjing ujung pakaiannya hingga terlihat lututnya. Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam berkata: ‘Sesungguhnya teman kalian ini sedang gundah‘. Lalu Abu Bakar berkata, “Wahai Rasulullah, antara aku dan Ibnul Khattab terjadi perselisihan, aku pun segera mendatanginya untuk meminta maaf, kumohon padanya agar memaafkan aku namun dia enggan memaafkanku, karena itu aku datang menghadapmu sekarang’. Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam lalu berkata: ‘“Semoga Allah mengampunimu wahai Abu Bakar‘. Sebanyak tiga kali, tak lama setelah itu Umar menyesal atas perbuatannya, dan mendatangi rumah Abu Bakar sambil bertanya, “Apakah di dalam ada Abu Bakar?” Namun keluarganya menjawab, tidak. Umar segera mendatangi Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam. Sementara wajah Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam terlihat memerah karena marah, hingga Abu Bakar merasa kasihan kepada Umar dan memohon sambil duduk di atas kedua lututnya, “Wahai Rasulullah Demi Allah sebenarnya akulah yang bersalah”, sebanyak dua kali. Maka Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda, ‘Sesungguhnya ketika aku diutus Allah kepada kalian, ketika itu kalian mengatakan, ”Engkau pendusta wahai Muhammad”, Sementara Abu Bakar berkata, ”Engkau benar wahai Muhammad”. Setelah itu dia membelaku dengan seluruh jiwa dan hartanya. Lalu apakah kalian tidak jera menyakiti sahabatku?‘ sebanyak dua kali. Setelah itu Abu Bakar tidak pernah disakiti” (HR. Bukhari)

Beliau juga orang yang paling pertama beriman kepada Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam, menemani Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam dan membenarkan perkataannya. Hal ini terus berlanjut selama Rasulullah tinggal di Mekkah, walaupun banyak gangguan yang datang. Abu Bakar juga menemani Rasulullah ketika hijrah.

✅2. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq adalah orang yang menemani Nabi Muhammad Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam di gua ketika dikejar kaum Quraisy

Allah Ta’ala berfirman,
ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لاَ تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَنَا
“Salah seorang dari dua orang ketika keduanya berada dalam gua, di waktu dia berkata kepada temannya: “Janganlah kamu bersedih, sesungguhnya Allah beserta kita”” (QS. At Taubah: 40)

As Suhaili berkata:
 “Perhatikanlah baik-baik di sini Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam berkata ‘janganlah kamu bersedih’ namun tidak berkata ‘janganlah kamu takut’ karena ketika itu rasa sedih Abu Bakar terhadap keselamatan Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam sangat mendalam sampai-sampai rasa takutnya terkalahkan”.

Dalam Shahih Bukhari dan Muslim, dari hadits Anas bin Malik Radhiallahu’anhu, Abu Bakar berkata kepadanya:
نظرت إلى أقدام المشركين على رؤوسنا ونحن في الغار فقلت : يا رسول الله لو أن أحدهم نظر إلى قدميه أبصرنا تحت قدميه . فقال : يا أبا بكر ما ظنك باثنين الله ثالثهما
“Ketika berada di dalam gua, aku melihat kaki orang-orang musyrik berada dekat dengan kepala kami. Aku pun berkata kepada Rasulullah: ‘Wahai Rasulullah, kalau di antara mereka ada yang melihat kakinya, mereka akan melihat kita di bawah kaki mereka’. Rasulullah berkata: ‘Wahai Abu Bakar, engkau tidak tahu bahwa bersama kita berdua yang ketiga adalah Allah’”

Ketika hendak memasuki gua pun, Abu Bakar masuk terlebih dahulu untuk memastikan tidak ada hal yang dapat membahayakan Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam. Juga ketika dalam perjalanan hijrah, Abu Bakar terkadang berjalan di depan Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam, terkadang di belakangnya, terkadang di kanannya, terkadang di kirinya.

Oleh karena itu ketika masa pemerintahan Umar bin Khattab Radhiallahu’anhu ada sebagian orang yang menganggap Umar lebih utama dari Abu Bakar,maka Umar Radhiallahu’anhu pun berkata:

والله لليلة من أبي بكر خير من آل عمر ، وليوم من أبي بكر خير من آل عمر ، لقد خرج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لينطلق إلى الغار ومعه أبو بكر ، فجعل يمشي ساعة بين يديه وساعة خلفه ، حتى فطن له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال : يا أبا بكر مالك تمشي ساعة بين يدي وساعة خلفي ؟ فقال : يا رسول الله أذكر الطلب فأمشي خلفك ، ثم أذكر الرصد فأمشي بين يديك . فقال :يا أبا بكر لو كان شيء أحببت أن يكون بك دوني ؟ قال : نعم والذي بعثك بالحق ما كانت لتكون من مُلمّة إلا أن تكون بي دونك ، فلما انتهيا إلى الغار قال أبو بكر : مكانك يا رسول الله حتى استبرئ الجحرة ، فدخل واستبرأ ، قم قال : انزل يا رسول الله ، فنزل . فقال عمر : والذي نفسي بيده لتلك الليلة خير من آل عمر

“Demi Allah, satu malamnya Abu Bakar lebih baik dari satu malamnya keluarga Umar, satu harinya Abu Bakar masih lebih baik dari seharinya keluarga Umar. Abu Bakar bersama Rasulullah pergi ke dalam gua. Ketika berjalan, dia terkadang berada di depan Rasulullah dan terkadang di belakangnya. Sampai-sampai Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam heran dan berkata: ‘Wahai Abu Bakar mengapa engkau berjalan terkadang di depan dan terkadang di belakang?’. Abu Bakar berkata: ‘Ya Rasulullah, ketika saya sadar kita sedang dikejar, saya berjalan di belakang. Ketika saya sadar bahwa kita sedang mengintai, maka saya berjalan di depan’. Rasulullah lalu berkata: ‘Wahai Abu Bakar, kalau ada sesuatu yang aku suka engkau saja yang melakukannya tanpa aku?’ Abu Bakar berkata: ‘Demi Allah, tidak ada yang lebih tepat melainkan hal itu aku saja yang melakukan tanpa dirimu’. Ketika mereka berdua sampai di gua, Abu Bakar berkata: ‘Ya Rasulullah aku akan berada di tempatmu sampai memasuki gua. Kemudian mereka masuk, Abu Bakar berkata: Turunlah wahai Rasulullah. Kemudian mereka turun. Umar berkata: ‘Demi Allah, satu malamnya Abu Bakar lebih baik dari satu malamnya keluarga Umar’‘” (HR. Al Hakim, Al Baihaqi dalam Dalail An Nubuwwah)

✅3.Ketika kaum muslimin hendak berhijrah, Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq menyumbangkan seluruh hartanya. (Dalilnya disebutkan pada poin 8, pent.)

✅4. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq adalah khalifah pertam
Dan kita diperintahkan oleh Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam untuk meneladani khulafa ar rasyidin, sebagaimana sabda beliau:
عليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء الراشدين المهديين من بعدي عضوا عليها بالنواجذ
“Hendaknya kalian berpegang teguh pada sunnahku dan sunnah khulafa ar rasyidin setelahku. Gigitlah dengan gigi geraham kalian” (HR. Ahmad, At Tirmidzi dan lainnya. Hadits ini shahih dengan seluruh jalannya)

✅5. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq dipilih sebagai khalifah berdasarkan nash
Ketika Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam sakit keras, beliau memerintahkan Abu Bakar untuk menjadi imam shalat berjama’ah. Dalam Shahihain, dari ‘Aisyah Radhiallahu’anha ia berkata:

لما مَرِضَ النبيّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مرَضَهُ الذي ماتَ فيه أَتاهُ بلالٌ يُؤْذِنهُ بالصلاةِ فقال : مُروا أَبا بكرٍ فلْيُصَلّ . قلتُ : إنّ أبا بكرٍ رجلٌ أَسِيفٌ [ وفي رواية : رجل رقيق ] إن يَقُمْ مَقامَكَ يبكي فلا يقدِرُ عَلَى القِراءَةِ . قال : مُروا أَبا بكرٍ فلْيُصلّ . فقلتُ مثلَهُ : فقال في الثالثةِ – أَوِ الرابعةِ – : إِنّكنّ صَواحبُ يوسفَ ! مُروا أَبا بكرٍ فلْيُصلّ ، فصلّى

“Ketika Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam sakit menjelang wafat, Bilal datang meminta idzin untuk memulai shalat. Rasulullah bersabda: ‘Perintahkan Abu Bakar untuk menjadi imam dan shalatlah’. ‘Aisyah berkata: ‘Abu Bakar itu orang yang terlalu lembut, kalau ia mengimami shalat, ia mudah menangis. Jika ia menggantikan posisimu, ia akan mudah menangis sehingga sulit menyelesaikan bacaan Qur’an. Nabi tetap berkata: ‘Perintahkan Abu Bakar untuk menjadi imam dan shalatlah’. ‘Aisyah lalu berkata hal yang sama, Rasulullah pun mengatakan hal yang sama lagi, sampai ketiga atau keempat kalinya Rasulullah berkata: ‘Sesungguhnya kalian itu (wanita) seperti para wanita pada kisah Yusuf, perintahkan Abu Bakar untuk menjadi imam dan shalatlah’”

Oleh karena itu Umar bin Khattab Radhiallahu’anhu berkata:
أفلا نرضى لدنيانا من رضيه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لديننا
“Apakah kalian tidak ridha kepada Abu Bakar dalam masalah dunia, padahal, Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam telah ridha kepadanya dalam masalah agama?”

Juga diriwayatkan dari ‘Aisyah Radhiallahu’anha, ia berkata:

قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في مرضه : ادعي لي أبا بكر وأخاك حتى اكتب كتابا ، فإني أخاف أن يتمنى متمنٍّ ويقول قائل : أنا أولى ، ويأبى الله والمؤمنون إلا أبا بكر وجاءت امرأة إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فكلمته في شيء فأمرها بأمر ، فقالت : أرأيت يا رسول الله إن لم أجدك ؟ قال : إن لم تجديني فأتي أبا بكر

“Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam berkata kepadaku ketika beliau sakit, panggilah Abu Bakar dan saudaramu agar aku dapat menulis surat. Karena aku khawatir akan ada orang yang berkeinginan lain (dalam masalah khilafah) sehingga ia berkata: ‘Aku lebih berhak’. Padahal Allah dan kaum mu’minin menginginkan Abu Bakar (yang menjadi khalifah). Kemudian datang seorang perempuan kepada Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam mengatakan sesuatu, lalu Nabi memerintahkan sesuatu kepadanya. Apa pendapatmu wahai Rasulullah kalau aku tidak menemuimu? Nabi menjawab: ‘Kalau kau tidak menemuiku, Abu Bakar akan datang’” (HR. Bukhari-Muslim)

✅6. Umat Muhammad diperintahkan untuk meneladani Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq
Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallambersabda,
اقتدوا باللذين من بعدي أبي بكر وعمر
“Ikutilah jalan orang-orang sepeninggalku yaitu Abu Bakar dan Umar” (HR. Ahmad, Tirmidzi, Ibnu Maajah, hadits ini shahih)

✅7. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq adalah salah seorang mufti (ulama yang memiliki wewenang untuk menginterpretasikan teks dan memberikan fatwa kepada umat) di masa Nabi Muhammad. Oleh karena itu Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam menugasi beliau sebagai Amirul Hajj pada haji sebelum haji Wada’. Diriwayatkan Al Bukhari dan Muslim dari Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu’anhu:

بعثني أبو بكر الصديق في الحجة التي أمره عليها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قبل حجة الوداع في رهط يؤذنون في الناس يوم النحر : لا يحج بعد العام مشرك ، ولا يطوف بالبيت عريان

“Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq mengutusku untuk dalam sebuah ibadah haji yang terjadi sebelum haji Wada’, dimana beliau ditugaskan oleh Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam untuk menjadi Amirul Hajj. Ia mengutusku untuk mengumumkan kepada sekelompok orang di hari raya idul adha bahwa tidak boleh berhaji setelah tahunnya orang musyrik dan tidak boleh ber-thawaf di ka’bah dengan telanjang”

Abu Bakar juga sebagai pemegang bendera Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam ketika perang Tabuk.

✅8. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq menginfaqkan seluruh hartanya ketika Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam menganjurkan sedekah
Umar bin Khattab Radhiallahu’anhu berkata:

أمرنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أن نتصدق ، فوافق ذلك مالاً فقلت : اليوم أسبق أبا بكر إن سبقته يوما . قال : فجئت بنصف مالي ، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ما أبقيت لأهلك ؟ قلت : مثله ، وأتى أبو بكر بكل ما عنده فقال : يا أبا بكر ما أبقيت لأهلك ؟ فقال : أبقيت لهم الله ورسوله ! قال عمر قلت : والله لا أسبقه إلى شيء أبدا

“Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam memerintahkan kami untuk bersedekah, maka kami pun melaksanakannya. Umar berkata: ‘Semoga hari ini aku bisa mengalahkan Abu Bakar’. Aku pun membawa setengah dari seluruh hartaku. Sampai Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bertanya: ‘Wahai Umar, apa yang kau sisakan untuk keluargamu?’. Kujawab: ‘Semisal dengan ini’. Lalu Abu Bakar datang membawa seluruh hartanya. Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam lalu bertanya: ‘Wahai Abu Bakar, apa yang kau sisakan untuk keluargamu?’. Abu Bakar menjawab: ‘Ku tinggalkan bagi mereka, Allah dan Rasul-Nya’. Umar berkata: ‘Demi Allah, aku tidak akan bisa mengalahkan Abu Bakar selamanya’” (HR. Tirmidzi)

✅9. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq adalah orang yang paling dicintai Nabi Muhammad Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam
‘Amr bin Al Ash Radhiallahu’anhu bertanya kepada Nabi Shallallahu’alahi Wasallam:
أي الناس أحب إليك ؟ قال : عائشة . قال : قلت : من الرجال ؟ قال : أبوها
“Siapa orang yang kau cintai?. Rasulullah menjawab: ‘Aisyah’. Aku bertanya lagi: ‘Kalau laki-laki?’. Beliau menjawab: ‘Ayahnya Aisyah’(yaitu Abu Bakar)” (HR. Muslim)

✅10. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq adalah khalil (nama untuk anak Laki-laki di mana nama tersebut berasal dari Arab dengan pengertian, definisiatau arti nama Kesayangan; Sahabat.) bagi Nabi Muhammad Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam.
Imam Al Bukhari dan Muslim meriwayatkan hadits dari Abu Sa’id Al Khudri Radhiallahu’anhu, ia berkata:

خطب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الناس وقال : إن الله خير عبدا بين الدنيا وبين ما عنده فاختار ذلك العبد ما عند الله . قال : فبكى أبو بكر ، فعجبنا لبكائه أن يخبر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن عبد خير ، فكان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم هو المخير ، وكان أبو بكر أعلمنا . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إن مِن أمَنّ الناس عليّ في صحبته وماله أبا بكر ، ولو كنت متخذاً خليلاً غير ربي لاتخذت أبا بكر ، ولكن أخوة الإسلام ومودته ، لا يبقين في المسجد باب إلا سُـدّ إلا باب أبي بكر

“Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam berkhutbah kepada manusia, beliau berkata: ‘Sesungguhnya Allah Ta’ala memilih hamba di antara dunia dan apa yang ada di dalamnya. Namun hamba tersebut hanya dapat memilih apa yang Allah tentukan’. Lalu Abu Bakar menangis. Kami pun heran dengan tangisan beliau itu, hanya karena Rasulullah mengabarkan tentang hamba pilihan. Padahal Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam lah orangnya, dan Abu Bakar lebih paham dari kami. Lalu Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda: ‘Sesungguhnya orang yang sangat besar jasanya padaku dalam kedekatan dan kerelaan mengeluarkan harta, ialah Abu Bakar. Andai saja aku diperbolehkan mengangkat seorang kekasihku selain Rabbku pastilah aku akan memilih Abu Bakar, namun cukuplah persaudaraan se-Islam dan kecintaan karenanya. Maka jangan ditinggalkan pintu kecil di masjid selain pintu Abu Bakar saja’”

✅11. Allah Ta’ala mensucikan Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq

Allah Ta’ala berfirman:
وَسَيُجَنَّبُهَا الأَتْقَى * الَّذِي يُؤْتِي مَالَهُ يَتَزَكَّى * وَمَا لأَحَدٍ عِندَهُ مِن نِّعْمَةٍ تُجْزَى * إِلا ابْتِغَاء وَجْهِ رَبِّهِ الأَعْلَى * وَلَسَوْفَ يَرْضَى
“Dan kelak akan dijauhkan orang yang paling takwa dari neraka itu, Yang menafkahkan hartanya (di jalan Allah) untuk membersihkannya, Padahal tidak ada seorang pun memberikan suatu nikmat kepadanya yang harus dibalasnya, Tetapi (dia memberikan itu semata-mata) karena mencari keridaan Tuhannya Yang Maha Tinggi. Dan kelak dia benar-benar mendapat kepuasan” (QS. Al Lail: 17-21)
Ayat ini turun berkenaan dengan Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq. Selain itu beliau juga termasuk as sabiquunal awwalun, dan Allah Ta’ala berfirman:
وَالسَّابِقُونَ الأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُواْ عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ذَلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ
“Orang-orang yang terdahulu lagi yang pertama-tama (masuk Islam) di antara orang-orang muhajirin dan Ansar dan orang-orang yang mengikuti mereka dengan baik, Allah rida kepada mereka dan mereka pun rida kepada Allah dan Allah menyediakan bagi mereka surga-surga yang mengalir sungai-sungai di dalamnya; mereka kekal di dalamnya selama-lamanya.  Itulah kemenangan yang besar.”(QS. At Taubah: 100)

✅12. Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam memberi tazkiyah kepada Abu Bakar
Ketika Abu Bakar bertanya kepada Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam:

من جرّ ثوبه خيلاء لم ينظر الله إليه يوم القيامة . قال أبو بكر : إن أحد شقي ثوبي يسترخي إلا أن أتعاهد ذلك منه فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إنك لست تصنع ذلك خيلاء

🍀“Barangsiapa yang membiarkan kainnya terjulur karena sombong, tidak akan dilihat oleh Allah pada hari kiamat. Abu Bakar berkata: ‘Sesungguhnya salah satu sisi sarungku melorot kecuali jika aku ikat dengan baik. Rasulullah lalu berkata: ‘Engkau tidak melakukannya karena sombong”(HR. Bukhari dalam Fadhail Abu Bakar Radhiallahu’anhu)

✅13. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq didoakan oleh Nabi untuk memasuki semua pintu surga

من أنفق زوجين من شيء من الأشياء في سبيل الله دُعي من أبواب الجنة : يا عبد الله هذا خير ؛ فمن كان من أهل الصلاة دعي من باب الصلاة ، ومن كان من أهل الجهاد دُعي من باب الجهاد ، ومن كان من أهل الصدقة دُعي من باب الصدقة ، ومن كان من أهل الصيام دُعي من باب الصيام وباب الريان . فقال أبو بكر : ما على هذا الذي يدعى من تلك الأبواب من ضرورة ، فهل يُدعى منها كلها أحد يا رسول الله ؟ قال : نعم ، وأرجو أن تكون منهم

يا أبا بكر

🍀“Orang memberikan menyumbangkan dua harta di jalan Allah, maka ia akan dipanggil oleh salah satu dari pintu surga: “Wahai hamba Allah, kemarilah untuk menuju kenikmatan”. Jika ia berasal dari golongan orang-orang yang suka mendirikan shalat, ia akan dipanggil dari pintu shalat, yang berasal dari kalangan mujahid, maka akan dipanggil dari pintu jihad, jika ia berasal dari golongan yang gemar bersedekah akan dipanggil dari pintu sedekah” (HR. Al Bukhari – Muslim)

✅14. Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq melakukan banyak perbuatan agung dalam sehari

Imam Muslim meriwayatkan hadits dari Abu Hurairah, bahwa Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda: :

 من أصبح منكم اليوم صائما ؟ قال أبو بكر رضي الله عنه : أنا . قال : فمن تبع منكم اليوم جنازة ؟ قال أبو بكر رضي الله عنه : أنا . قال : فمن أطعم منكم اليوم مسكينا ؟ قال أبو بكر رضي الله عنه : أنا . قال : فمن عاد منكم اليوم مريضا ؟ قال أبو بكر رضي الله عنه : أنا . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ما اجتمعن في امرىء إلا دخل الجنة

🍀“Siapa yang hari ini berpuasa? Abu Bakar menjawab: ‘Saya’” “Siapa yang hari ini ikut mengantar jenazah? Abu Bakar menjawab: ‘Saya’” “Siapa yang hari ini memberi makan orang miskin? Abu Bakar menjawab: ‘Saya’” “Siapa yang hari ini menjenguk orang sakit? Abu Bakar menjawab: ‘Saya’” “Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam lalu bersabda: ‘Tidaklah semua ini dilakukan oleh seseorang kecuali dia akan masuk surga’”

15. Orang musyrik mensifati Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq sebagaimana Khadijahmensifati Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam
Mereka berkata tentang Abu Bakar:
أَتُخْرِجُونَ رَجُلًا يُكْسِبُ الْمَعْدُومَ وَيَصِلُ الرَّحِمَ وَيَحْمِلُ الْكَلَّ وَيَقْرِي الضَّيْفَ وَيُعِينُ عَلَى نَوَائِبِ الْحَقِّ
🍀“Apakah kalian mengusir orang yang suka bekerja untuk mereka yang tidak berpunya, menyambung silaturahim, menanggung orang-orang yang lemah, menjamu tamu dan selalu menolong di jalan kebenaran?” (HR. Bukhari)

✅16. Ali Radhiyallahu’anhu mengenal keutamaan Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq

Muhammad bin Al Hanafiyyah berkata, aku bertanya kepada ayahku, yaitu Ali bin Abi Thalib:
أي الناس خير بعد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ؟ قال : أبو بكر . قلت : ثم من ؟ قال : ثم عمر ، وخشيت أن يقول عثمان قلت : ثم أنت ؟ قال : ما أنا إلا رجل من المسلمين
🍀“Manusia mana yang terbaik sepeninggal Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam? Ali menjawab: Abu Bakar. Aku berkata: ‘Kemudian siapa lagi?’. Ali berkata: ‘Lalu Umar’. Aku lalu khawatir yang selanjutnya adalah Utsman, maka aku berkata: ‘Selanjutnya engkau?’. Ali berkata: ‘Aku ini hanyalah orang muslim biasa’” (HR. Bukhari)

✅Sikap Zuhud

Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq Radhiallahu’anhu meninggal tanpa meninggalkan sepeserpun dirham atau dinar. Diriwayatkan dari Al Hasan bin Ali Radhiyallahu’anhu:

لما احتضر أبو بكر رضي الله عنه قال : يا عائشة أنظري اللقحة التي كنا نشرب من لبنها والجفنة التي كنا نصطبح فيها والقطيفة التي كنا نلبسها فإنا كنا ننتفع بذلك حين كنا في أمر المسلمين ، فإذا مت فاردديه إلى عمر ، فلما مات أبو بكر رضي الله عنه أرسلت به إلى عمر رضي الله عنه فقال عمر رضي الله عنه : رضي الله عنك يا أبا بكر لقد أتعبت من جاء بعدك

☑“Ketika Al Hasan sedang bersama Abu Bakar Radhiallahu’anhu, Abu Bakar berkata, wahai ‘Aisyah tolong perhatikan unta perahan yang biasa kita ambil susunya, dan mangkuk besar yang sering kita pakai untuk tempat penerangan, dan kain beludru yang biasa kita pakai. Sesungguhnya kita mengambil manfaat dari itu semua saat aku mengurusi urusan kaum muslimin. Jika aku mati, kembalikanlah semuanya kepada Umar. Maka ketika Abu Bakar wafat, ‘Aisyah mengirim semua itu kepada Umar Radhiallahu’anhu. Umar pun berkata: ‘Semoga Allah meridhaimu wahai Abu Bakar, sungguh lelah orang yang datang setelahmu’” Sikap Wara’

☑Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq Radhiyallahu’anhu adalah orang yang wara’ (menjaga diri atau sikap hati-hati dari hal yang syubhat & meninggalkan yang haram.) dan zuhud ( meninggalkan apa-apa yang tidak bermanfaat untuk kepentingan akhirat) terhadap dunia sampai-sampai ketika ia menjadi khalifah, ia pun tetap pergi bekerja mencari nafkah. Umar bin Khattab pun Radhiallahu’anhu melarangnya dan menganjurkan ia untuk mengambil upah dari baitul maal, menimbang betapa beratnya tugas seorang khalifah.
Dikisahkan pula dari ‘Aisyah Radhiallahu’anha, ia berkata:

كان لأبي بكر غلام يخرج له الخراج ، وكان أبو بكر يأكل من خراجه ، فجاء يوماً بشيء ، فأكل منه أبو بكر ، فقال له الغلام : تدري ما هذا ؟ فقال أبو بكر : وما هو ؟ قال : كنت تكهّنت لإنسان في الجاهلية وما أحسن الكهانة إلا أني خدعته ، فلقيني فأعطاني بذلك فهذا الذي أكلت منه ، فأدخل أبو بكر يده فقاء كل شيء في بطنه . رواه البخاري

🍀“Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq memiliki budak laki-laki yang senantiasa mengeluarkan kharraj (setoran untuk majikan) padanya.
Abu Bakar biasa makan dari kharraj itu. Pada suatu hari ia datang dengan sesuatu, yang akhirnya Abu Bakar makan darinya. Tiba-tiba sang budak berkata:‘Apakah anda tahu dari mana makanan ini?’. Abu Bakar bertanya : ‘Dari mana?’ Ia menjawab : ‘Dulu pada masa jahiliyah aku pernah menjadi dukun yang menyembuhkan orang. Padahal bukannya aku pandai berdukun, namun aku hanya menipunya. Lalu si pasie

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Tulisan pertama

🌍🌐PANDANGAN AHLUS SUNNAH WAL JAMA’AH TERHADAP SAHABAT NABI RADHIYALLAHU ‘ANHUM

Oleh
Ustadz Abu Ihsan Al Atsari

✅KEUTAMAAN SAHABAT NABI RADHIYALLAHU ‘ANHUM

Keutamaan para sahabat Nabi, tingginya kedudukan dan derajat mereka, merupakan perkara yang telah diketahui baik oleh kalangan kaum Muslimin, dan merupakan sesuatu yang sangat penting di dalam din Islam. Banyak ayat-ayat Al Qur`an dan Hadits Nabi yang menerangkan hal tersebut.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala telah berfirman,

مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا ۖ سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِمْ مِنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ ۚ وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنْجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ ۗ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْهُمْ مَغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

🍀“Muhammad itu adalah utusan Allah dan orang-orang yang bersama dia adalah keras terhadap orang-orang kafir, tetapi berkasih sayang sesama mereka; kamu lihat mereka ruku` dan sujud mencari karunia Allah dan keridhaanNya, tanda-tanda meraka tampak pada muka mereka dari bekas sujud. Demikianlah sifat-sifat mereka dalam Taurat dan sifat-sifat mereka dalam Injil; yaitu seperti tanaman mengeluarkan tunasnya, maka tunas itu menjadikan tanaman itu kuat lalu menjadi besarlah dia dan tegak lurus di atas pokoknya; tanaman itu menyenangkan hati penanam-penanamnya, karena Allah hendak menjengkelkan hati orang-orang kafir (dengan kekuatan orang-orang mukmin). Allah menjanjikan kepada orang-orang yang beriman dan mengerjakan amal yang shalih di antara mereka ampunan dan pahala yang besar”. [Al Fath/48 : 29].

Ayat ini mencakup seluruh sahabat Nabi Radhiyallahu ‘anhum, kerena mereka seluruhnya hidup bersama Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

Dalam tafsirnya, Ibnu Jarir berkata: “Bisyr telah menyampaikan kepada kami dari Yazid, dari Sa’id, dari Qatadah tentang firman Allah “berkasih sayang sesama mereka”, yakni Allah menanamkan ke dalam hati mereka rasa kasih sayang sesama mereka. Dan firman Allah “kamu lihat mereka ruku` dan sujud”, yakni kamu lihat mereka ruku` dan sujud dalam shalat. Firman Allah “mencari karunia Allah”, yakni mereka mencari keridhaan Allah dengan ruku` dan sujud tersebut, dengan sikap keras terhadap orang kafir dan saling kasih sayang sesama mereka. Hal itu merupakan rahmat Allah kepada mereka dengan memberi keutamaan atas mereka, dan memasukkan mereka ke dalam surgaNya. Firman Allah “dan keridhaanNya”, yakni Allah meridhai mereka semua”.

Allah berfirman,

وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنْصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

🍀Orang-orang yang terdahulu lagi yang pertama-tama (masuk Islam) di antara orang-orang Muhajirin dan Anshar dan orang-orang yang mengikuti mereka dengan baik, Allah ridha kepada mereka dan mereka ridha kepadaNya. Allah menyediakan bagi mereka jannah-jannah yang mengalir sungai-sungai di dalamnya; mereka kekal di dalamnya selama-lamanya. Itulah kemenangan yang besar”. [At Taubah/9 : 100].

Berkenaan dengan tafsir ayat di atas, Ibnu Katsir berkata: “Allah Yang Maha Agung mengabarkan bahwa Dia telah meridhai orang-orang terdahulu lagi pertama-tama masuk Islam dari kalangan Muhajirin dan Anshar, serta orang-orang yang mengikuti mereka dengan baik. Sungguh celaka orang yang membenci mereka, mencaci atau membenci dan mencaci sebagian dari mereka. Terutama penghulu para sahabat sepeninggal Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, yang paling baik dan paling utama di antara mereka, yakni Ash Shiddiq Al Akbar, Khalifah A’zham Abu Bakar bin Abi Quhafah Radhiyallahu ‘anhu. Kelompok celaka dari kalangan Rafidhah telah memusuhi sahabat paling utama, membenci serta mencaci para sahabat. Kita berlindung kepada Allah dari hal itu.

☑Itu menunjukkan bahwa akal dan hati kaum Rafidhah terbalik. Dimanakah kedudukan iman mereka kepada Al Quran, sementara mereka mencaci orang yang telah Allah ridhai?

✅Adapun Ahlus Sunnah, mereka senantiasa mendoakan kebaikan bagi orang yang telah diridhai oleh Allah (dengan mengucapkan radhiyallahu ánhum), mencela siapa saja yang telah dicela oleh Allah dan RasulNya, membela siapa saja yang telah dibela oleh Allah dan RasulNya, memusuhi siapa saja yang memusuhi Allah. Ahlus Sunnah adalah orang yang selalu mengikuti (kebenaran), bukan orang yang membuat-buat bid’ah. Mereka selalu meneladani (Rasul), bukan orang yang mengada-ada. Oleh sebab itu, mereka adalah hizbullah yang pasti menang dan hambaNya yang beriman.

Hadits Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam yang menyebutkan keutamaan dan kesenioran para sahabat, telah diriwayatkan dari Abdullah bin Mas’ud Radhiyallahu ‘anhu, bahwasanya Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

خَيْرُ النَّاسِ قَرْنِي ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ يَجِيءُ قَوْمٌ تَسْبِقُ شَهَادَةُ أَحَدِهِمْ يَمِينَهُ وَيَمِينُهُ شَهَادَتَهُ

🍀“Sebaik-baik manusia adalah pada zamanku, kemudian zaman berikutnya dan kemudian zaman berikutnya. Lalu akan datang satu kaum yang persaksiannya mendahului sumpah, dan sumpahnya mendahului persaksian (yakni bersumpah dan bersaksi sebelum diminta, Pent)” [1].

🍀Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menjelaskan, bahwa zaman beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam dan para sahabat hidup adalah sebaik-baik keadaan secara mutlak. Tidak ada zaman yang lebih baik daripada zaman pada masa mereka. Barangsiapa mengatakan selain itu, maka ia termasuk zindiq.

Dalam hadits Imran bin Hushain Radhiyallahu ‘anhu, ia berkata, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

خَيْرُ أُمَّتِي قَرْنِي ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ

“Sebaik-baik umatku adalah pada kurunku, kemudian kurun berikutnya, kemudian kurun berikutnya” [2].

Dalam hadits ‘Aisyah Radhiyallahu ‘anhuma, ia berkata: “Seorang lelaki bertanya kepada 🍀Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, siapakah sebaik-baik manusia?” Rasul Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menjawab,”Kurun yang aku hidup saat ini, kemudian kurun berikutnya, kemudian kurun berikutnya” [3].

✅SAHABAT SEBAGAI PENGAWAS DAN PENGAMAN UMAT INI

Dalam sebuah hadits, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

النُّجُومُ أَمَنَةٌ لِلسَّمَاءِ فَإِذَا ذَهَبَتِ النُّجُومُ أَتَى السَّمَاءَ مَا تُوعَدُ وَأَنَا أَمَنَةٌ لِأَصْحَابِي فَإِذَا ذَهَبْتُ أَتَى أَصْحَابِي مَا يُوعَدُونَ وَأَصْحَابِي أَمَنَةٌ لِأُمَّتِي فَإِذَا ذَهَبَ أَصْحَابِي أَتَى أُمَّتِي مَا يُوعَدُونَ

🍀“Sesungguhnya bintang-bintang itu adalah pengaman bagi langit. Jika bintang-bintang itu lenyap, maka akan datang apa yang telah dijanjikan atas langit. Aku adalah pengaman bagi sahabatku. Jika aku telah pergi, maka akan datang apa yang telah dijanjikan atas sahabatku. Dan sahabatku adalah pengaman bagi umatku. Jika sahabatku telah pergi, maka akan datang apa yang telah dijanjikan atas umatku”. [Hadits riwayat Muslim, no 2531, dari jalur Sa’id bin Abi Burdah dari ayahnya, yakni Abu Musa Al Asy’ari Radhiyallahu ‘anhu].

Sabda Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ini menjelaskan keagungan dan posisi strategis para sahabat di tengah umat. Mereka adalah pengaman sekaligus pengawas umat ini sepeninggal Rasul Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Maksudnya, mereka selalu mengawasi, agar umat ini tidak tersesat dan tidak menyimpang dari jalan yang telah mereka tempuh bersama Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

✅SAHABAT SEBAGAI SUMBER RUJUKAN SAAT PERSELISIHAN & SEBAGAI PEDOMAN PEMAHAMAN
Oleh karena itulah

🍀Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menganjurkan bila timbul perpecahan dan perselisihan di kalangan umat ini, agar kembali kepada Kitabullah, Sunnah RasulNya dan Sunnah Khulafaur Rasyidin, yakni para sahabat -radhiyallahu ‘anhum jami’an.

Diriwayatkan dari Al Irbadh bin Sariyah Radhiyallahu ‘anhu, ia berkata,”Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menyampaikan nasihat yang membuat air mata kami mengalir, dan membuat hati kami bergetar.” Kami berkata: “Wahai, Rasulullah! Sepertinya ini merupakan nasihat pungkasan. Apa yang Anda wasiatkan kepada kami?” Beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam berkata:

قَدْ تَرَكْتُكُمْ عَلَى الْبَيْضَاءِ لَيْلُهَا كَنَهَارِهَا لَا يَزِيغُ عَنْهَا بَعْدِي إِلَّا هَالِكٌ وَمَنْ يَعِشْ مِنْكُمْ فَسَيَرَى اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِمَا عَرَفْتُمْ مِنْ سُنَّتِي وَسُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ الْمَهْدِيِّينَ وَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالطَّاعَةِ وَإِنْ عَبْدًا حَبَشِيًّا عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ فَإِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُ كَالْجَمَلِ الْأَنِفِ حَيْثُمَا انْقِيدَ انْقَادَ

🍀“Sungguh saya telah meninggalkan kalian (yakni para sahabat) di atas jalan yang putih bersih, siang dan malamnya sama terangnya. Siapa saja yang menyimpang darinya (dari jalan putih bersih yang para sahabat berada di atasnya), pasti (ia) binasa. Barangsiapa yang hidup sepeninggalku, ia pasti melihat perselisihan yang amat banyak. Hendaklah kalian tetap memegang teguh sunnahku yang kalian ketahui dan sunnah Khulafaur Rasyidin (yakni para sahabat) yang berada di atas petunjuk. Hendaklah kalian selalu patuh dan taat, meskipun diperintah oleh seorang budak Habasyi. Peganglah erat-erat. Sesungguhnya seorang mukmin itu laksana unta yang jinak. Apabila diarahkan (kepada kebaikan), ia pasti menurut”* [4].

Juga Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

أَلَا إِنَّ مَنْ قَبْلَكُمْ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ افْتَرَقُوا عَلَى ثِنْتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ مِلَّةً وَإِنَّ هَذِهِ الْمِلَّةَ سَتَفْتَرِقُ عَلَى ثَلَاثٍ وَسَبْعِينَ ثِنْتَانِ وَسَبْعُونَ فِي النَّارِ وَوَاحِدَةٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَهِيَ الْجَمَاعَةُ

🍀“Ketahuilah, sesungguhnya Ahli Kitab sebelum kalian telah terpecah-belah menjadi tujuh puluh dua golongan. Dan bahwa umat ini, juga akan terpecah menjadi tujuh puluh tiga golongan. Tujuh puluh dua di antaranya masuk neraka, dan satu golongan di dalam surga, yakni Al Jama’ah”. [HR Abu Dawud dan lainnya. Derajat hadits ini shahih]

Dalam riwayat lain yang dikeluarkan oleh Al Hakim dan lainnya telah disebutkan tafsir Al Jama’ah:

مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ اليَوْمَ وَ أَصْحَابِي

🍀“Pedoman yang aku dan para sahabatku berada di atasnya.

🍀Maksud Al Jama’ah ialah, siapa saja yang mengacu kepada pedoman yang dibawa oleh Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, yakni Al Qur`an dan As Sunnah, serta menurut pedoman pemahaman sahabat beliau Radhiyallahu ‘anhum.

🍀Abdullah bin Mas’ud Radhiyallahu ‘anhu telah menjelaskan kepada kita, tentang alasan dipilihnya pemahaman sahabat sebagai pedoman acaun. Abdullah bin Mas’ud Radhiyallahu ‘anhu berkata: “Sesungguhnya Allah melihat hati para hambaNya. Dia dapati yang paling baik adalah hati Muhammad, maka Allah memilihnya untuk diriNya, dan Dia utus untuk membawa risalahNya. Kemudian Allah kembali melihat hati para hambaNya setelah hati Muhammad. Dia dapati yang paling baik ialah hati para sahabatnya. Maka Allah menjadikan mereka sebagai pembantu-pembantu NabiNya dan berperang untuk agamaNya. Segala sesuatu yang dipandang baik oleh kaum Muslimin (sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), maka pasti baik di sisi Allah. Dan apa yang dipandang buruk oleh kaum Muslimin, pasti buruk juga di sisi Allah”. [Atsar shahih, riwayat Ahmad, no 3600; Al Bazzar, no. 1816 dan Ath Thabrani, no. 8582].

Bersambung

[16/12 2.23 PM] ABU SALMAN: Tulisan ke dua

🌍🌐PANDANGAN AHLUS SUNNAH WAL JAMAAH TERHADAP SAHABAT NABI

Oleh
Ustadz Abu ihsan al atsari

✅BERPEDOMAN KEPADA SAHABAT, ADALAH JAMINAN KEMENANGAN

Dalam hadits riwayat Muslim, no 2523 dari jalur Abu Zubair, dari Jabir, dari Abu Sa’id Al Khudri Radhiyallahu ‘anhu, dia berkata, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

يَأْتِي عَلَى النَّاسِ زَمَانٌ يُبْعَثُ مِنْهُمُ الْبَعْثُ فَيَقُولُونَ انْظُرُوا هَلْ تَجِدُونَ فِيكُمْ أَحَدًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهم عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَيُوجَدُ الرَّجُلُ فَيُفْتَحُ لَهُمْ بِهِ ثُمَّ يُبْعَثُ الْبَعْثُ الثَّانِي فَيَقُولُونَ هَلْ فِيهِمْ مَنْ رَأَى أَصْحَابَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهم عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَيُفْتَحُ لَهُمْ بِهِ ثُمَّ يُبْعَثُ الْبَعْثُ الثَّالِثُ فَيُقَالُ انْظُرُوا هَلْ تَرَوْنَ فِيهِمْ مَنْ رَأَى مَنْ رَأَى أَصْحَابَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهم عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ثُمَّ يَكُونُ الْبَعْثُ الرَّابِعُ فَيُقَالُ انْظُرُوا هَلْ تَرَوْنَ فِيهِمْ أَحَدًا رَأَى مَنْ رَأَى أَحَدًا رَأَى أَصْحَابَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهم عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَيُوجَدُ الرَّجُلُ فَيُفْتَحُ لَهُمْ بِهِ

🍀“Akan datang suatu masa, yang saat itu ada satu pasukan dikirim (untuk berperang)”. Mereka mengatakan: “Coba lihat, adakah di antara kalian seorang sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ?” Ternyata ada satu orang sahabat Nabi. Maka karenanya, Allah memenangkan mereka. Kemudian dikirim pasukan kedua. Dikatakan kepada mereka: “Adakah di antara mereka yang pernah melihat sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam?” Maka karenanya, Allah memenangkan mereka. Lalu dikirim pasukan ketiga. Dikatakan: “Coba lihat, apakah ada di antara mereka yang pernah melihat seorang yang pernah melihat sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ?” Maka didapatkan satu orang. Maka Allah memenangkan mereka. Kemudian dikirim pasukan keempat. Dikatakan: “Coba lihat, apakah ada di antara mereka yang pernah melihat seorang yang pernah seseorang yang melihat sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ?” Maka didapatkan satu orang. Akhirnya Allah memenangkan mereka

Hadits ini menjelaskan kepada kita, betapa mulia kedudukan sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam dan orang-orang yang mengikuti mereka. Allah memberi jaminan kemenangan bagi para sahabat dan orang-orang yang mengikuti sahabat. Tentu saja, yang dimaksud dalam hadits bukan hanya sekadar melihat dengan mata kepala saja, namun maksudnya ialah mengikuti pedoman mereka. Sebagaimana yang telah disebutkan tentang definisi sahabat Radhiyallahu ‘anhum.

✅SIAPAKAH YANG DIMAKSUD SAHABAT NABI SHALLALLAHU ALAIAHI WA SALLAM ?
☑Sahabat adalah, siapa saja yang melihat Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, atau bertemu dengan beliau walau hanya sesaat lalu beriman kepada beliau dan ia mati di atas keimanan.

Diriwayatkan oleh Imam Muslim dalam Shahih-nya (249) dari hadits Al ‘Ala` bin Abdirrahman, dari ayahnya, dari Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu ‘anhu, bahwa Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam melewati sebuah pekuburan. Lalu beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

فَقَالَ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ دَارَ قَوْمٍ مُؤْمِنِينَ وَإِنَّا إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ بِكُمْ لَاحِقُونَ وَدِدْتُ أَنَّا قَدْ رَأَيْنَا إِخْوَانَنَا قَالُوا أَوَلَسْنَا إِخْوَانَكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ أَنْتُمْ أَصْحَابِي وَإِخْوَانُنَا الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَأْتُوا بَعْدُ

“Salam kesejahteraan atas kalian, wahai penghuni perkampungan kaum Mukminin. Dan aku Insya Allah akan menyusul kalian. Sungguh aku sangat merindukan untuk bertemu dengan saudara-saudara kita”. Para sahabatpun bertanya,”Bukankah kami ini saudara-saudaramu?” Beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menjawab,”Kalian adalah para sahabatku, sedangkan saudara-saudara kita adalah mereka yang datang kemudian”.

☑Hadits ini menunjukkan, bahwa yang dimaksud sahabat ialah, orang yang bertemu dengan Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam serta beriman kepada beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Sedangkan yang datang sesudahnya ialah, saudara-saudara beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Adapun orang yang bertemu dan beriman kepada beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, (ia) dinamak
an sahabat, baik pertemuan itu dalam waktu yang lama maupun sebentar.

Adapun dalil yang menunjukan bahwa orang yang bertemu dan beriman kepada Rasulullah serta mati di atas keimanan disebut sebagai sahabat ialah, sebuah hadits riwayat Ibnu Abi Syaibah (12/178) dari Zaid Ibnu Hibban, dari Abdullah bin Al ‘Ala’ bin ‘Amir, dari Watsilah bin Al Asqa’, dia berkata, Rasulullah n bersabda:
🍀“Kalian akan tetap berada dalam kebaikan selama di tengah-tengah kalian terdapat orang yang melihat dan menyertaiku. Demi Allah, kalian akan tetap berada dalam kebaikan, selama di tengah-tengah kalian terdapat seorang yang melihat orang yang melihatku, dan menyertai orang yang menyertaiku”.

Di antaranya ialah hadits yang diriwayatkan Ya’qub bin Sufyan, di dalam At Tarikh (2/351), dari Adam, dari Baqiyah bin Al Walid, dari Muhammad bin Abdirrahman Al Yahshabi, bahwa ia mendengar Abdullah bin Basar berkata, Aku mendengar Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

طُوْبَى لِمَنْ رَآنِي وَ طُوْبَى لِمَنْ آمَنَ بِي وَلمَ ْيَرَنِي وَ طُوْبَى لَهُ وَ حُسْنَ مَآبٍ

🍀“Sungguh beruntung orang yang melihatku, dan sungguh beruntung orang yang beriman kepadaku, sedangkan ia belum pernah melihatku. Sungguh baginya keberuntungan dan balasan yang baik”. [Hadits ini juga dikeluarkan oleh Ibnu Abi ‘Ashim di dalam As Sunnah, 1527, dari Ya’qub].

Ibnu Faris, seorang pakar bahasa, ia menjelaskan di dalam Mu’jamu Maqayisil Lughah (III/335) dalam pasal Sha-ha-ba: “Menunjukkan penyertaan sesuatu dan kedekatannya dengan sahabat yang disertainya itu. Bentuk jamaknya adalah shuhab, sebagaimana kata raakib bentuk jamaknya rukab. Sama seperti kalimat ‘ashhaba fulan’, artinya menjadi tunduk. Dan kalimat “ashahbar rajulu”, artinya, jika anaknya telah berusia baligh. Dan segala sesuatu yang menyertai sesuatu, maka boleh dikatakan telah menjadi sahabatnya”.

Ibnu Taimiyah rahimahullah menjelaskan di dalam Majmu’ Fatawa (IV/464): “Shuhbah adalah istilah yang digunakan untuk orang-orang yang menyertai Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam dalam jangka waktu yang lama maupun singkat. Akan tetapi, kedudukan setiap sahabat ditentukan oleh jangka waktu ia menyertai Rasulullah. Ada yang menyertai beliau setahun, sebulan, sehari, sesaat, atau melihat beliau sekilas lalu (ia) beriman kepada beliau. Derajat masing-masing ditentukan menurut jangka waktunya menyertai Rasulullah”.

Abu Hamid Al Ghazali berkata di dalam kitabnya, Al Mustashfa (1/165):
☑“Siapakah sahabat itu? Sahabat ialah, siapa saja yang hidup bersama Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, atau pernah berjumpa dengan beliau sekali, atau pernah menyertai beliau dalam waktu sebentar maupun lama. Lalu berapa batasan waktunya? Predikat sahabat dinisbatkan kepada siapa saja yang menyertai Rasulullah. Cukuplah disebut sahabat, meski ia hanya menyertai beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam dalam waktu sebentar saja. Namun secara urf (kesepakatan umum) (ialah), mengkhususkannya bagi orang yang menyertai beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam dalam waktu lama”.

✅LARANGAN MENCELA SAHABAT NABI

Imam Muslim meriwayatkan dari hadits Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu ‘anhu , dari Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam , bahwa beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam bersabda:

لَا تَسُبُّوا أَصْحَابِي لَا تَسُبُّوا أَصْحَابِي فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ أَنْفَقَ مِثْلَ أُحُدٍ ذَهَبًا مَا أَدْرَكَ مُدَّ أَحَدِهِمْ وَلَا نَصِيفَهُ

🍀“Janganlah mencela sahabatku! Janganlah mencela sahabatku! Demi Allah yang jiwaku berada di tanganNya, meskipun kalian menginfaqkan emas sebesar gunung Uhud, niscaya tidak akan dapat menyamai satu mud sedekah mereka, tidak juga separuhnya”*[5].

Hadits ini secara jelas melarang kita mencela sahabat Nabi. Larangan dalam hadits di atas hukumnya adalah haram. Yakni haram hukumnya mencela sahabat Nabi. Termasuk di dalamnya, yaitu semua bentuk celaan dan sindiran negatif yang ditujukan kepada mereka, atau salah seorang dari mereka. Sebab, mencela sahabat Nabi, berarti telah menyakiti Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

Imam Ahmad meriwayatkan dalam Al Fadha-il (19), dari jalur Waki`, dari Ja’far -yakni Ibnu Burqan- dari Maimun bin Mihran, ia berkata:
☑“Ada tiga perkara yang harus dijauhi. (Yaitu): mencela sahabat Muhammad Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, meramal lewat bintang-bintang, dan mempersoalkan takdir”.*

Imam Ahmad juga menulis surat kepada Abdus bin Malik tentang Ushul Sunnah. Beliau berkata di dalam suratnya: ☑“Termasuk Ushul, (yaitu) barangsiapa melecehkan salah seorang sahabat Nabi, atau membencinya karena kesalahan yang dibuat, atau menyebutkan kejelekannya, maka ia termasuk mubtadi`, hingga ia mendoakan kebaikan dan rahmat bagi seluruh sahabat, dan hatinya tulus mencintai mereka”*[6].

Imam Ahmad meriwayatkan di dalam kitab Al Fadha-il, dari jalur Waki`, dari Sufyan, dari Nusair bin Za’luq, ia berkata, Saya mendengar Ibnu Umar Radhiyallahu anhuma berkata:
🍀“Janganlah kalian mencela sahabat Muhammad Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Sungguh, kedudukan mereka sesaat bersama Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam (itu) lebih baik daripada amal ibadah kalian sepanjang umurnya!”[7]

Bersambung
[16/12 2.50 PM] ABU SALMAN: Tulisan ke tiga

Ustadz Abu Ihsan Al atsiri

🌍🌐SIKAP AHLUS SUNNAH WAL JAMA’AH TERHADAP PERSELISIHAN YANG TERJADI DI ANTARA SAHABAT

Banyak kita temui perkataan ahli ilmu yang berisi perintah untuk tidak mempersoalkan pertikaian yang terjadi di antara sahabat Nabi Radhiyallahu anhum. Bahkan telah disebutkan adanya ijma’ dalam masalah ini.

Abdurrahman bin Abi Hatim berkata,”Aku pernah bertanya kepada ayahku dan Abu Zur’ah tentang madzhab Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah dan para alim ulama yang pernah ditemui oleh keduanya di berbagai belahan dunia, seperti di Hijaz, Iraq, Mesir, Syam dan Yaman, dalam     
☑menyikapi para sahabat. Madzhab mereka ialah, mendoakan kebaikan dan rahmat atas segenap sahabat Muhammad, atas segenap keluarga beliau Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, serta menahan diri dari memperdebatkan pertikaian di antara mereka.” Demikian pula dinyatakan oleh Imam Al Lalikai dalam Syarah Ushul I’tiqad (321) dan Abul ‘Ala Al Hamdani dalam bukunya yang berisi penyebutan aqidah Ahlus Sunnah dan celaan terhadap perpecahan di halaman 90-91.

Dalilnya ialah firman Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala,

وَالَّذِينَ جَاءُوا مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَا تَجْعَلْ فِي قُلُوبِنَا غِلًّا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ

🍀“Dan orang-orang yang datang sesudah mereka (Muhajirin dan Anshar), mereka berdoa: “Ya, Rabb kami, beri ampunlah kami dan saudara-saudara kami yang telah beriman lebih dahulu dari kami, dan janganlah Engkau membiarkan kedengkian dalam hati kami terhadap orang-orang yang beriman. Ya Rabb kami, sesungguhnya Engkau Maha Penyantun lagi Maha Penyayang”. [Al Hasyr/59 : 10].
🍀Juga sabda Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam : “Janganlah engkau mencela sahabatku …… ”

Abdurrazzaq meriwayatkan di dalam kitab Al Amali (51), dari jalur Ma’mar, dari Ibnu Thawus, dari Thawus, ia berkata, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

إِذَا ذًُكِرَ أصحابي فَأَمْسِكُوْا و إِذَا ذًُكِرَ القَدَرُ فَأَمْسِكُوْا و إِذَا ذًُكِرَ النُّجُوْمُ فَأَمْسِكُوْا

🍀“Jika sahabatku diperbincangkan, maka tahanlah diri. Jika masalah takdir dipersoalkan, maka tahanlah diri. Jika ramalan bintang-bintang dibicarakan, maka tahanlah diri”.

Makna “jika sahabatku diperbincangkan, maka tahanlah diri …”, ☑menurut para ulama ialah tidak mengomentari mereka dengan penilaian miring dan negatif. Maksudnya, bukan larangan menceritakan apa yang terjadi, misalnya peperangan Shiffin atau Jamal. Sebab, perkara tersebut memang telah diberitakan oleh Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, kemudian perkara itu merupakan catatan sejarah. Oleh sebab itulah, para ulama menyebutkannya dan menulisnya di dalam kitab-kitab sejarah dan lainnya, bahkan telah dikarang buku khusus yang membicarakan permasalahan tersebut. Begitu pula Ibnu Jarir, Ibnu Katsir dan Ibnu Hajar serta para alim ulama lainnya menceritakan panjang lebar kisah tersebut. Akan tetapi mereka tidak menghujat atau mencela para sahabat, wallahu ta’ala a’lam.

☑Ibnu Baththah rahimahullah berkata -berkaitan dengan larangan mencampuri pertikaian besar di antara sahabat-:
☑“Kemudian setelah itu kita harus menahan diri dari pertikaian yang terjadi di antara sahabat Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Sebab, mereka telah melalui berbagai peristiwa bersama Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam dan telah mendahului yang lainnya dalam hal keutamaan. Allah telah mengampuni mereka dan memerintahkan agar memintakan ampunan untuk mereka, dan mendekatkan diri kepadaNya dengan mencintai mereka. Semua itu Allah wajibkan melalui lisan RasulNya. Allah Maha Mengetahui apa yang bakal terjadi, bahwasanya mereka akan saling berperang. Mereka memperoleh keutamaan daripada yang lainnya, karena segala kesalahan dan kesengajaan mereka telah dimaafkan. Semua pertikaian yang terjadi di antara mereka telah diampuni. Janganlah melihat komentar-komentar tentang peperangan Shiffin, Jamal, peristiwa di kediaman Bani Sa’idah dan pertikaian-pertikaian lain yang terjadi di antara mereka. Janganlah engkau tulis untuk dirimu, atau untuk orang lain. Janganlah engkau riwayatkan dari seorangpun, dan jangan pula membacakannya kepada orang lain. Dan jangan pula mendengarkannya dari orang yang meriwayatkannya.*

☑Itulah perkara yang disepakati para ulama umat ini. Mereka sepakat melarang perkara yang kami sebutkan tersebut. Di antara ulama tersebut ialah: Hammad bin Zaid, Yunus bin Ubaid, Sufyan Ats Tsauri, Sufyan bin Uyainah, Abdullah bin Idris, Malik bin Anas, Ibnu Abi Dzi’b, Ibnul Munkadir, Ibnul Mubarak, Syu’aib bin Harb, Abu Ishaq Al Fazari, Yusuf bin Asbath, Ahmad bin Hambal, Bisyr bin Al Harits dan Abdul Wahhab Al Warraq; mereka semua sepakat melarang perkara tersebut, melarang melihat dan mendengar komentar tentang pertikaian tersebut. Bahkan mereka memperingatkan orang yang membahas dan berupaya mengumpulkannya. Banyak perkataan-perkataan yang diriwayatkan dari mereka, yang ditujukan kepada orang-orang yang melakukannya, dengan lafazh bermacam-macam, namun maknanya senada. Intinya, (mereka) membenci dan mengingkari orang yang meriwayatkan dan mendengarnya”* [8].

Apabila Umar bin Abdul Aziz ditanya tentang peperangan Shiffin dan Jamal, beliau berkata: “Urusan yang Allah telah mengeluarkan tanganku darinya, maka aku tidak akan mencampurinya dengan lisanku!”[9].

Al Khallal meriwayatkan dari jalur Abu Bakar Al Marrudzi, ia berkata: “Ada yang berkata kepada Abu Abdillah. Ketika itu kami berada di tengah pasukan. Dan kala itu datang pula seorang utusan Khalifah, yakni Ya’qub, ia berkata,’Wahai Abu Abdillah. Apa pendapat Anda tentang pertikaian yang terjadi antara Ali dan Mu’awwiyah?’ Abu Abdillah menjawab,’Aku tidak mengatakan kecuali yang baik. Semoga Allah merahmati mereka semua’”[10].

☑Imam Ahmad menulis surat kepada Musaddad bin Musarhad. Isinya surat tersebut: “Menahan diri dari memperbincangkan kejelekan sahabat. Bicarakanlah keutamaan mereka, dan tahanlah diri dari membicarakan pertikaian di antara mereka. Janganlah berkonsultasi dengan seorangpun (dari) ahli bid’ah dalam masalah agama, dan janganlah menyertakannya dalam perjalananmu”*[11].

☑Abu ‘Utsman Ismail bin Abdurrahman Ash Shabuni rahimahullah menyatakan di dalam Aqidah Salaf Ashhabul Hadits: “Ahlu Sunnah berpendapat, wajib menahan diri dari mencampuri pertikaian di antara sahabat Rasul. (Yakni) menahan lisan dari perkataan yang mengandung celaan dan pelecehan terhadap para sahabat”.

✅PERKATAAN ULAMA BERKAITAN DENGAN ORANG YANG MENCELA SAHABAT ATAU BERKOMENTAR MIRING TERHADAP SALAH SEORANG SAHABAT

Imam Al Bukhari  menulis sebuah bab dalam Shahih-nya berjudul “Bab : Larangan Mencela Orang Yang Sudah Mati”, kemudian beliau meriwayatkan sebuah hadits dari jalur Adam, dari Syu’bah, dari Al A’masy, dari Mujahid, dari ‘Aisyah Radhiyallahu anha , ia berkata, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

لَا تَسُبُّوا الْأَمْوَاتَ فَإِنَّهُمْ قَدْ أَفْضَوْا إِلَى مَا قَدَّمُوا

🍀“Janganlah kalian mencela orang yang sudah mati. Karena mereka telah menyelesaikan amal perbuatan mereka”[12].

Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam juga bersabda:

لَا تَسُبُّوا أَصْحَابِي فَلَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ أَنْفَقَ مِثْلَ أُحُدٍ ذَهَبًا مَا بَلَغَ مُدَّ أَحَدِهِمْ وَلَا نَصِيفَهُ

🍀“Janganlah kalian mencela sahabatku. Karena sesungguhnya, meskipun kalian menginfaqkan emas sebesar gunung Uhud, niscaya tidak akan dapat menyamai satu mud sedekah mereka, tidak juga separuhnya”.

Di dalam Shahih Al Bukhari dan Shahih Muslim, diriwayatkan dari hadits Al Bara` bin ‘Azib Radhiyallahu ‘anhu, bahwa ia mendengar Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

الْأَنْصَارُ لَا يُحِبُّهُمْ إِلَّا مُؤْمِنٌ وَلَا يُبْغِضُهُمْ إِلَّا مُنَافِقٌ فَمَنْ أَحَبَّهُمْ أَحَبَّهُ اللَّهُ وَمَنْ أَبْغَضَهُمْ أَبْغَضَهُ اللَّهُ

🍀“Tidaklah mencintai kaum Anshar, kecuali seorang mukmin. Dan tidaklah membenci mereka, kecuali seorang munafik. Barangsiapa mencintai mereka, niscaya Allah mencintainya. Barangsiapa membenci mereka, niscaya Allah membencinya”*[13].

Ibnu Asakir menyebutkan, ketika dihadapkan kepada Umar, seorang Arab Badui menyerang sahabat Anshar dengan kata-kata, ☑beliau berkata: “Sekiranya dia bukan sahabat Nabi, niscaya cukuplah aku yang menyelesaikannya. Akan tetapi, ia masih termasuk sahabat Nabi”* [14].

Imam Al Lalikai meriwayatkan dari jalur Hambal bin Ishaq, dari Muhammad bin Ash Shalt, dari Qeis bin Ar Rabi`, dari Wa’il dari Al Bahi, ia berkata: “Pernah terjadi pertengkaran antara Ubaidullah bin Umar dengan Al Miqdam, lalu Ubaidullah mencela Al Miqdam, maka Umar berkata: ☑“Tolong, ambilkan besi tajam, agar kupotong lisannya, sehingga tidak seorangpun sesudahnya yang berani mencela salah seorang sahabat Nabi”*[15].

Al Lalikai juga meriwayatkan dari jalur Sufyan bin Uyainah, dari Khalaf bin Hausyab, dari Sa’id bin Abdirrahman bin Abza, ia
☑berkata: Aku bertanya kepada ayahku,”
☑Seandainya aku membawa seseorang yang mencaci Abu Bakar, apa kira-kira yang engkau lakukan?”
☑Beliau menjawab,”Akan kupenggal lehernya!” aku bertanya lagi: ☑“Bagaimana jika mencaci Umar?” Jawab ayahku,”Juga akan kupenggal lehernya!”[16].

Ibnu Baththah menyebutkan, bahwa ☑Sufyan Ats Tsauri berkata: “Janganlah engkau mencela Salafush Shalih, niscaya engkau akan masuk surga dengan selamat”.

☑Imam Al Lalikai meriwayatkan dari jalur Ma’n bin Isa, ia berkata: Saya mendengar Malik bin Anas berkata,”Barangsiapa mencela sahabat Nabi, maka ia tidak berhak mendapat harta fa’i,* sebab Allah berfirman: (Juga) bagi para fuqara Muhajirin yang diusir dari kampung halaman dan dari harta benda mereka (karena) mencari karunia dari Allah dan keridhaan(Nya) -QS Al Hasyr ayat 8-, mereka adalah sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam yang berhijrah bersama Beliau. Kemudian Allah berfirman: Dan orang-orang yang telah menempati kota Madinah dan telah beriman (Anshar) sebelum (kedatangan) mereka (Muhajirin) –Al Hasyr : 9-, mereka adalah kaum Anshar. ☑Kemudian Allah berfirman : Dan orang-orang yang datang sesudah mereka (Muhajirin dan Anshar), mereka berdoa: “Ya Rabb kami, beri ampunlah kami dan saudara-saudara kami yang telah beriman lebih dahulu dari kami, dan janganlah Engkau membiarkan kedengkian dalam hati kami terhadap orang-orang yang beriman. Ya Rabb kami, sesungguhnya Engkau Maha Penyantun lagi Maha Penyanyang.* –Al Hasyr:10. Itulah ketiga golongan yang berhak menerima fa’i. ✅Barangsiapa mencela sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, maka ia tidak termasuk salah satu dari tiga golongan tersebut, dan ia tidak berhak menerima fa’i”* [17].

Al Khallal meriwayatkan dalam kitab As Sunnah, dari jalur Abu Bakar Al Marwadzi, ia berkata: “Saya bertanya kepada Abu Abdullah (yakni Imam Ahmad) tentang hukum orang yang mencela Abu Bakar, Umar dan ‘Aisyah Radhiyallahu anhum. Beliau berkata,’Menurut saya, ia bukan orang Islam.’ Saya juga mendengar Abu Abdillah berkata,
☑’Imam Malik mengatakan, siapa saja yang mencela sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, maka ia tidak mendapat bagian apapun dalam Islam*

Al Khallal juga meriwayatkan dari jalur Abdul Malik bin Abdul Hamid, ia berkata: “Saya mendengar Abu Abdillah berkata,’Barangsiapa mencela sahabat Nabi, maka aku khawatir ia jatuh ke dalam kekufuran, seperti halnya kaum Rafidhah,’ kemudian beliau berkata,Barangsiapa mencela sahabat Nabi, maka dikhawatirkan ia keluar dari
agam
Al Khallal juga meriwayatkan dari Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hambal, ia berkata: “Aku pernah bertanya kepada ayahku tentang orang yang mencela salah seorang sahabat Nabi, (dan) beliau menjawab,’Menurut saya, dia bukan orang Islam’.”

Al Khallal juga meriwayatkan dari jalur Harb bin Ismail Al Kirmani, dari Musa bin Harun bin Ziyad, bahwa ia mendengar Al Faryabi ditanya oleh seorang lelaki tentang hukum orang yang mencaci Abu Bakar. Beliau (Al Faryabi, Red) menjawab: “Kafir!” Tanyanya lagi: “Bolehkah jenazahnya dishalatkan?” Jawab beliau,”Tidak!” Aku bertanya kepadanya: “Bukankah ia telah mengucapkan La Ilaha illallah?” Beliau menjawab,”Janganlah kalian sentuh jenazahnya dengan tangan kalian, angkatlah jenazahnya dengan kayu, lalu kuburkan dalam lubang kuburnya.”

Imam Ahmad berkata dalam sebuah risalah yang diriwayatkan oleh ☑Ahmad bin Ja’far bin Ya’qub Al Ishthakhri: “Seorangpun tidak boleh menyebutkan keburukan para sahabat, dan janganlah mencela seorangpun dari sahabat karena aib atau kekurangannya. Barangsiapa melakukan hal itu, maka wajib bagi penguasa menjatuhkan hukuman dan sanksi atasnya. Kesalahannya itu tidak boleh dimaafkan. Pelakunya harus dihukum dan diminta bertaubat. Jika ia bertaubat, maka diterimalah taubatnya. Jika tetap bertahan, maka hukuman kembali dijatuhkan atasnya, dan dipenjara seumur hidup hingga mati atau bertaubat”.

Beliau (Imam Ahmad) berkata di awal risalahnya ini: “Itulah madzab ahli ilmu, ahli atsar dan ahlu sunnah yang teguh memegangnya, di kenal dengannya, yang masalah ini telah diikuti semenjak zaman sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam sampai sekarang ini. Saya telah bertemu dengan para ulama dari Hijaz, Syam dan daerah lainnya berada di atas madzhab tersebut” [18].

Al Qadhi` Iyadh berkata dalam Syarah Shahih Muslim [19]: “Mencela sahabat Nabi dan merendahkan mereka, atau salah seorang dari mereka, (itu) termasuk perbuatan dosa besar yang diharamkan. Nabi telah melaknat orang yang melakukannya”.

Diriwayatkan dari Ibrahim An Nakha-i, ia berkata: “Mencaci Abu Bakar dan Umar termasuk dosa besar”.

☑Demikian pula dinyatakan oleh Abu Ishaq As Sab’i. Dan disebutkan pula hal itu oleh Ibnu Hajar Al Haitsami dalam kitab Az Zawajir, ia berkata: “Dosa besar yang ke empat ratus enam puluh empat dan empat ratus enam puluh lima ialah membenci kaum Anshar, mencaci salah seorang sahabat Nabi –radhiyallahu` anhum [20].

✅Dari uraian di atas jelaslah, betapa besar dosa mencela sahabat Nabi atau salah seorang dari mereka. Karena Rasulullah Shallal telah melarang mencela orang yang sudah mati dan melarang mencela sahabat beliau. ‘Aisyah Radhiyallahu anha juga mengabarkan, bahwa mereka telah diperintahkan untuk memohon ampunan bagi sahabat Nabi, akan tetapi, mereka justru malah mencela sahabat.*[21]

✅Begitulah kenyataannya, mereka benar-benar mencela sahabat Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Orang-orang yang mencela sahabat Nabi itu sebenarnya meniru perbuatan seorang zindiq bernama Abdullah bin Saba’. Oleh sebab itu, mereka merupakan orang yang paling mirip dengan kaum Nasrani yang mencela kaum Hawariyun, pengikut setia Nabi Isa Alaihissallam.*

Imam Al Ajurri meriwayatkan dari jalur Ahmad bin Abdullah bin Yunus, dari Ibnu Abi Dzi’b, dari ☑Az Zuhri, ia berkata: “Belum pernah aku melihat orang yang paling mirip dengan kaum Nasrani selain pengikut Saba’iyah”. Ahmad bin Yunus berkata,”Mereka adalah kaum Syi’ah Rafidhah.” [22]

Syaikhul Islam Ibnu Taimiyah rahimahullah berkata di dalam kitab Ash Sharimul Maslul: “Sejumlah ulama dari kalangan sahabat-sahabat kami (yakni ulama madzhab Hambali) menegaskan kekafiran kaum Khawarij yang meyakini harus berlepas diri dari Ali dan Utsman, dan juga menegaskan kekafiran Rafidhah yang meyakini wajib mencaci seluruh sahabat, dan menegaskan kekafiran orang-orang yang mengkafirkan sahabat, mengatakan mereka fasik atau mencaci mereka”.

Abu Bakar Abdul Aziz berkata di dalam kitab Al Muqni’: “Adapun jika ia termasuk penganut paham Rafidhah yang mencaci
sahabat, maka hukumnya kafir dan tidak boleh dinikahkan (dengan wanita Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah). Sedangkan pendapat ulama lainnya, dan inilah pendapat yang didukung oleh Al Qadhi Abu Ya’la, bahwa jika ia benar-benar mencaci sahabat dan menjatuhkan martabat agama dan keshalihan mereka, maka ia kafir karena perbuatan tersebut. Namun jika ia mencacinya tanpa menjatuhkan martabat -misalnya mencaci ayah salah seorang dari mereka, atau mencacinya dengan maksud membuat marah, atau tujuan lainnya- maka ia tidaklah kafir karena hal itu”.

Itulah sikap yang harus dimiliki setiap muslim terhadap para sahabat yang mulia. Sebagaimana dimaklumi, Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah tidak mengatakan jika sahabat itu ma’shum dari dosa besar ataupun dosa kecil. Boleh jadi mereka melakukan dosa tersebut, akan tetapi mereka tetap yang paling utama, paling baik dan mempunyai kelebihan sebagai sahabat Nabi. Itulah sebabnya mereka mendapat ampunan atas kesalahan yang mereka perbuat. Bahkan mereka mendapat ampunan atas dosa dan kesalahan, yang barangkali, bila dilakukan oleh selain mereka, belum tentu diampuni. Setiap muslim wajib meyakini hal ini dan mempertahankannya. Sebab ini merupakan bagian dari ajaran agama yang diturunkan Allah.

Sebagai penutup tulisan ini, berkut adalah pernyataan Syaikhul Islam Ibnu Taimiyah di dalam kitab Ash Sharimul Maslul: “Dalam masalah ini, kami tidak mengetahui adanya perbedaan pendapat di antara para ahli fiqih dan ahli ilmu dari kalangan sahabat dan orang-orang yang mengikuti mereka dengan baik, serta (di kalangan) seluruh Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah. Mereka semua sepakat, bahwa kita wajib memuji para sahabat, memohon ampunan bagi mereka, memohon curahan rahmat bagi mereka, mendoakan mereka (dengan mengucapkan radhiyallahu`anhu), mencintai dan loyal kepada mereka, serta meyakini adanya sanksi yang berat atas orang yang berpandangan buruk tentang mereka”. Wallahul musta’an.

📚[Disalin dari majalah As-Sunnah Edisi Khusus 07-08/Tahun IX/1426/2005M. Penerbit Yayasan Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo Solo 57183 Telp. 0271-7574821]
_______
Footnote
[1]. HR Al Bukhari, 3651 dan Muslim, 2533.
[2]. HR Al Bukhari, 3650 dan Muslim, 2535.
[3]. HR Muslim, 2536.
[4]. Musnad Imam Ahmad, IV/126-127; Abu Dawud, 4607; At Tirmidzi, 2676; Ibnu Majah, 42; Ad Darimi, 95. Hadits ini shahih. Dinyatakan shahih oleh At Tirmidzi, Ibnu Hibban, Al Hakim, Al Bazzar, Abu Nu’aim dan Ibnu Rajab ketika mensyarah hadits ini. Tambahan yang terdapat di akhir hadits “Sesungguhnya seorang mukmin ibarat unta yang jinak, apabila di arahkan kepada kebaikan ia pasti menurut” adalah tambahan yang mungkar.
[5]. HR Muslim, 2540.
[6]. Thabaqatul Hanabilah, I/345
[7]. Diriwayatkan oleh Ahmad dalam Al Fadha-il, 15 dan Al Baihaqi dalam Al I’tiqad dengan sanad shahih. Diriwayatkan juga oleh Ibnu Majah dalam Sunan-nya, 162
[8]. Al Ibanah, karangan Ibnu Baththah, hlm. 268. Bagi yang ingin penjelasan lebih lengkap, silakan lihat kitab As Sunnah, karangan Al Khallal. Beliau telah menulis sebuah bab dalam kitabnya itu tentang teguran keras terhadap orang yang menulis riwayat-riwayat yang berisi hujatan terhadap sahabat Nabi.
[9]. As Sunnah, Al Khallal 717.
[10]. As Sunnah, Al Khallal, 713.
[11]. Thabaqatul Hanabilah, I/344.
[12]. HR Al Bukhari, 1393.
[13]. HR Al Bukhari, 3783 dan Muslim, 75.
[14]. Ibnu Asakir dalam Tarikh Dimasyqi, 59/206 dan Al Ishabah I/11, lalu ia menyebutkan sanadnya sendiri, kemudian berkata: “Perawi hadits ini tsiqah”.
[15]. Al Lalikai, 2376.
[16]. Al Lalikai, 2378.
[17]. Al Lalikai, 2400.
[18]. Thabaqatul Hanabilah, I/24.
[19]. Syarah Shahih Muslim, VII/580.
[20]. Beliau telah menulis sebuah kitab yang sarat faidah dalam masalah ini, berjudul Ash Shawaiqul Muhriqah ‘Ala Ahli Rafdh Wad Dhalal Waz Zanadiqah.
[21]. Muslim, 3022.
[20]. Al Ajurri dalam kitab Asy Syari’at, 2028 dan 2030, sanadnya shahih


          NASA head: Space station hole cause will be determined      Cache   Translate Page      

MOSCOW (AP) — The head of the U.S. space agency said Tuesday that he’s sure that investigators will determine the cause of a mysterious hole that appeared on the International Space Station, which his Russian counterpart has said was deliberately drilled. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine also said that collaboration with Russia’s Roscosmos remains important, despite […]
          APC senators ‘ignore party’s directives, seek reconciliation’ with Saraki      Cache   Translate Page      


Although the leadership of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) has directed its members in the senate to oust Senate President Bukola Saraki, TheCable understands that the senators are more interested in restoring peace to the upper legislative chamber than doing this.

Saraki has been under pressure to step down since he defected to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) from the APC.

Adams Oshiomhole, national chairman of the APC, had asked senators of the ruling party to remove the senate president.

“Saraki will not be the first to be impeached and I doubt if he is going to be the last but definitely he will be impeached according to law and according to the democratic norms. The only way Senator Saraki can avoid impeachment is for him to do what is honourable by stepping down,” Oshimohole had said when the national assembly was on recess.


On Monday, Ovie Omo-Agege, an APC senator from Delta state, had said the nation’s number three citizen would be removed at the slightest opportunity.

His utterance on the eve of resumption of the parliament after more than two months had given the impression that the lawmakers were in for a stormy session.
Ahmad Lawan, leader of the APC caucus in the senate, with Saraki during a meeting at the senate president’s office on Tuesday

But when the senators resumed on Tuesday, they went into a closed-door session. Sources revealed that the issue of calming frayed nerves was the major agenda of the meeting they had.

A legislative source said despite the provocation over the defection of the senate president, the lawmakers agreed to sheathe their swords and give peace a chance.

“The senators have seen that the APC is not even fair to them… Frank discussions about the future of the eighth senate as it goes into its last stage held at the closed-door session,” the source said.

“They agreed that nothing would distract them till the end of their tenure.”

Another source said the leadership of the APC caucus in the upper legislative chamber got a promise from Saraki that national interest would be paramount in the dealings of the senate.

“Following their closed-door meeting, the senators agreed not to allow external forces to cause disaffection or disturbance within the legislative arm of government,” the source said.

Efforts to reach Omo-Agege and Abdullahi Adamu, senator representing Nasarawa west, to get their reactions to the development were not successful as their phones rang out and text messages were not replied.

Omo-Agege and Adamu have been on the frontline of the anti-Saraki campaign.

Yusuph Olaniyonu, spokesman of the senate president, was not also available for comments as his telephone line was out of reach as of the time this report was filed.


          Rien ne va plus sous les étoiles, de Jenny McLachlan       Cache   Translate Page      
Meg a quinze ans et une réelle passion pour les étoiles. Depuis toujours, elle rêve de devenir astronaute. Sélectionnée pour participer à un concours organisé par la NASA, l'adolescente doit néanmoins surpasser sa trouille et prononcer un discours devant [...]
          On This Day in Math - October 10      Cache   Translate Page      
Met this guy on the road coming across the Dartmore Forest in the fog one day.

Mathematicians have tried in vain to this day to discover some order in the sequence of prime numbers, and we have reason to believe that it is a mystery into which the human mind will never penetrate.
~Leonhard Euler




The 283rd day of the year; 283 is a twin prime. Also it can be expressed as powers of its digits, 283 = 25 + 81 + 35. (Curious students might seek the first multi-digit number for which this is possible)

283 can be expressed as nn + (n+1)n+1 (Find n!)

283 = (6! - 5! - 4! - 3! - 2! - 1! - 0!)/2.

283 is a prime of the form 4n+3, Bernard Frénicle de Bessy discovered that such primes cannot be the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triangle (1676), as opposed to primes of the form 4n+1, which Fermat conjectured always were in 1640.


EVENTS


1580 Tycho observes a comet and follows it until November 25. and in the morning of December 13. He measured the distance to a comet and thereby demonstrated that comets were beyond the Moon. The Broadside from the British Museum was done about 1580, but was based on an earlier woodcut so it is probably not the comet that Tycho measured, (or perhaps any other actual comet). In January of the following year (still 1580 in England) a pamphlet of warning was written by "Francis Shakelton, minister and preacher of the worde of God":
"A blazyng starre or burnyng beacon, seene the 10. of October laste (and yet continewyng) set on fire by Gods prouidence, to call all sinners to earnest [and] speedie repentance."



1580 John Dee became one of the few commoners visited by Queen Elizabeth. Just hours after the death of his second wife the Queen and her entire privy council showed up at his door. Dee tried to entertain her using the "magical mirror" he had been given by William Pickering who had once been Elizabeth's suitor. The mirror, made of highly-polished obsidian (volcanic glass), was one of many Mexica cult objects and treasures brought to Europe after the conquest of Mexico by Cortés between 1527 and 1530. It is now in the British Museum. *Benjamin Wooley, The Queen's Conjuror



1641 Torricelli arrives in Arcetri to study with Galileo. ".. postpone his arrival at Arcetri until 10 October 1641. He took up residence in Galileo’s house, where Vincenzo Viviani was already living, and stayed there in close friendship with Galileo until the latter’s death on 8 January 1642. " *encyclopedia.com

In 1796, according to tradition, the metric system was born. The Oct 10 (10/10) date was chosen since it seems to signify the base 10 way of using measurements.*TIS (tradition perhaps, but I can find no event that took place regarding metric system on this date. France would adopt system on Dec 10th of 1796. Can anyone verify a reason for this "traditional" date. although Dec 10 has a nice ring)

1844 Michael Faraday gets a scare. After a deadly explosion in a collary in Haswell, he was asked to participate in a commission to examine the incident. They examined the mine, and asked questions about air flow and other issues. Satisfied, Faraday's last series of Q & A went something like:

Faraday: Where do you store the dynamite?
A : "In a bag, tightly tied," was the reply.
Faraday: "Yes, but where do you keep the bag?"
A : "You are sitting on it."
They had apparently honored Faraday with the most comfortable cushion available. He supposedly jumped up quickly and admonished them for their carelessness, especially since the explanation about air flow included tests with an open flame candle. *The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, Volume 3: (There are many variations on this anecdote, one here that conflates the mine incident with events in court on the previous day)

1845 Naval School (now Naval Academy) opened at Annapolis, MD. *VFR

In 1846, Neptune's moon, Triton, is discovered by William Lassell while he was observing the newly discovered planet Neptune. He was attempting to confirm his observation of the previous week, that Neptune had a ring. Instead he discovered that Neptune had a satellite, Triton. Lassell soon proved that the ring he thought he had seen was a product of his new telescope's distortion. This picture of Triton was taken in 1989 by the only spacecraft ever to pass Triton: Voyager 2, which found fascinating terrain, a thin atmosphere, and even evidence for ice volcanoes on this world of peculiar orbit and spin. Ironically, Voyager 2 also confirmed the existence of complete thin rings around Neptune - but these would have been quite invisible to Lassell! *TIS

1931 Spain issued a stamp picturing the Fountain of Lions at the Alhambra in Granada. The Alhambra is famous for its use of tessellations. [Scott #491] *VFR

1971 The rebuilt London Bridge was completed and dedicated in Arizona.   In 1831, New London Bridge had opened to traffic in London. In 1821, a committee was formed by Parliament to consider the poor condition of the existing centuries-old bridge. The arches had been badly damaged by the Great Freeze, so it was decided to build a new bridge. Building commenced under John Rennie in 1825, and completed in 1831, at the expense of the city. The bridge is composed of five arches, and built of Dartmoor granite. It was opened with great splendor by King William the fourth, accompanied by Queen Adelaide, and many of the members of the royal family, August 1st, 1831. In the 1960's it was auctioned and sold for $2,460,000 to Robert McCulloch who moved it to Havasu City, Arizona. The rebuilt London Bridge was completed and dedicated on 10 Oct 1971.*TIS

1980 Midway releases the video game Pac-Man to arcades in North America, "Let the games begin"
*Michael Esposito I‏ @espofootball

1986, a tiny asteroid, Asteroid 3753, was found orbiting the Earth - a body in addition to the Moon - by J. D. Waldron at Siding Spring Observatory. It was called Cruithne, (pronounced "Croo-een-ya") after Celtic tribes who came to Britain between about 880 and 500 BC. It is pulled alternately by the Sun and Earth. When viewed from the Earth, its 770-year orbit appears to be horseshoe shaped, but this is an effect of viewing an orbit from a rotating planet. It actually passes closer to the Earth than the Moon. At its closest approach it only gets to within about 15 million km (9 million miles) of our planet. Its diameter ranges between 2.9 - 6.4 km diameter wide. Cruithne will remain in a suspended state around Earth for at least 5,000 years. *TIS

In 2001, construction on the Viaduc de Millau (Millau Viaduct) began to bridge the River Tarn in Southern France. Finished in 38 months, it was opened 14 Dec 2004. The Millau Viaduct, designed by Sir Norman Foster, is the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world. Taller than the Eiffel Tower, the tallest pylon is 340m high, making it the world's highest road bridge. It carries the A75 motorway from Clermont-Ferraud south to Beziers, crosses 2.5-km and rises 270m above the valley. It was to replace the motor route through the town of Millau with continual traffic jams, shorten the journey by 100 km and save 4 hours of driving time. It was built using a steel deck, rather than concrete roadbed. *TIS



BIRTHS

Drawing of Cavendish torsion device *Yovisto
1731 Henry Cavendish (10 Oct 1731; 24 Feb 1810) English chemist and physicist who conducted experiments with diverse interests in his private laboratory. Most notably, he determined the mass and density of the Earth. He investigated the properties of hydrogen and carbon dioxide, including comparing their density to that of air. Cavendish also showed that water was a compound and measured the specific heat of various substances. His manuscripts (published 1879) revealed discoveries he made in electrostatics before Coulomb, Ohm and Faraday - including deducing the inverse square law of electrostatic attraction and repulsion. He also found specific inductive capacity. His family name is attached to the Cavendish Laboratory (founded 1871, funded by a later family member) at Cambridge University. *TIS Cavendish was supposedly so shy that for his only portrait the artist painted his coat from a hook in the hall, then painted Cavendish body from memory. *"Shock and Awe", BBC broadcast on the history of electricity)

1817 Christophorus Henricus Didericus Buys Ballot (10 Oct 1817; 3 Feb 1890) was a Dutch meteorologist who is remembered for his observation in 1857 that the wind blows at right angles to the atmospheric pressure gradient. He showed that northern hemisphere winds circulate counter-clockwise around low pressure areas and clockwise around high pressure areas. The reverse is true in the southern hemisphere. Although not the first to make this discovery, his name remains attached to it as Buys Ballot's law. He studied and taught at the University of Utrecht, and founded the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute in 1854. He was the inventor of the aeroklinoscope and of a system of weather signals.*TIS

1861 Heinrich Friedrich Karl Ludwig Burkhardt (10 Oct 1861, 2 Nov 1914) His main work was in analysis, particularly the theory of trigonometric series, and on the history of mathematics. Other topics on which Burkhardt published papers included groups, differential equations, differential geometry and mathematical physics.*SAU

1896 Lester Halbert Germer (10 Oct 1896; 10 Mar 1971) was a American physicist who, with his colleague Clinton Joseph Davisson, conducted an experiment (1927) that first demonstrated the wave properties of the electron. They showed that a beam of electrons scattered by a crystal produces a diffraction pattern characteristic of a wave. This experiment confirmed the hypothesis of Louis-Victor de Broglie, a founder of wave mechanics, that the electron should show the properties of an electromagnetic wave as well as a particle. He also studied thermionics, erosion of metals, and contact physics.*TIS

1919 William Henry Kruskal (October 10, 1919 – April 21, 2005) was an American mathematician and statistician. He is best known for having formulated the Kruskal–Wallis one-way analysis of variance (together with W. Allen Wallis), a widely-used nonparametric statistical method.
Kruskal was born in New York City to a successful fur wholesaler. His mother, Lillian Rose Vorhaus Kruskal Oppenheimer, became a noted promoter of Origami during the early era of television. She is credited with introduction the Japanese term "Origami" into the Enlish lexicon to replace the then common term, "paper folding". He was the oldest of five children, three of whom, including himself, became researchers in mathematics and physics; see Joseph Kruskal and Martin Kruskal. Kruskal left Antioch College to attend Harvard University, receiving Bachelor's and Master's degrees in mathematics in 1940 and 1941. He pursued a Ph. D. in Mathematical Sciences at Columbia University, graduating in 1955.
During the Second World War, Kruskal served at the U.S. Naval Proving Ground in Dahlgren, Virginia. After brief stints working for his father and lecturing at Columbia, he joined the University of Chicago faculty as an instructor in statistics in 1950. He edited the Annals of Mathematical Statistics from 1958 to 1961, served as president of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics in 1971, and of the American Statistical Association in 1982. Kruskal retired as Professor Emeritus in 1990. He died in Chicago.*Wik




DEATHS

1708 David Gregory (3 Jun 1659, 10 Oct 1708) Scottish mathematician and astronomer. In 1702 he published a book Astronomiae physicae et geometricae elementa, an effort in the popularization of Newtonian science. However, in the matter of chromatic aberration, Gregory noted something that Newton had missed. Different kinds of glass spread the colours of the spectrum by different amounts. He suggested a suitable combination of two different kinds of glass might eliminate chromatic aberration. (A half century later, Dollond accomplished this result.) Telescopes were a special interest of his, and Gregory also experimented with making an achromatic telescope. Gregory also did important work on series.*TIS

1925 Andrew Gray (2 July 1847, 10 Oct 1925) graduated from Glasgow University and was appointed assistant and secretary to Lord Kelvin. He became Professor of Physics at University College Bangor and then returned to Glasgow as Kelvin's successor. He produced many books and papers in both mathematics and physics.*SAU

1940 Vito Volterra (1860–1940) died in Rome. Best known for his early contributions to functional analysis: he introduced the concept of functional in 1887. He also gave an example of a function with a bounded derivative that is not Riemann integrable. He took a prominent role in public life, being President of the Accademia dei Lincei and also a Senator. When the Fascists’ came to power he opposed them and so lost his positions. Consequently his death was not announced in Italian newspapers. This had an ironic sequel: In October 1943 an SS detachment called at his house to arrest him and send him to a concentration camp. *VFR

1888 Sir Thomas Ralph Merton KBE, DSc, FRS (12 January 1888–10 October 1969) was an English physicist, inventor and art collector. He is particularly noted for his work on spectroscopy and diffraction gratings. Diffraction gratings were one of his lifelong interests and here his inventive genius best showed itself. The rarity and expense of good diffraction gratings led him to devise, in 1935, a method of copying them without loss of optical quality, by applying a thin layer of a cellulose ester solution to an original plane grating. When the solvent had evaporated he detached this pellicle and applied its grooved surface to a moist gelatine film on a glass plate. When dry, the gelatine bore a faithful record of the original rulings.
In 1948 Merton made an important basic advance in the art of ruling diffraction gratings. Since 1880 these had been ruled groove by groove by the method used by Rowlands. In place of this, Merton ruled a very fine helix continuously on a steel cylinder which he then opened out upon a plane gelatine-coated surface by his copying method. No lathe could, however, rule a helix free from errors of pitch and these Merton eliminated by an ingenious device. It consisted of a ‘chasing lathe’ by which he cut a secondary helix on the same cylinder with a tool mounted on a ‘nut’ lined with strips of cork pressed upon the primary lathe-cut helix. Periodic errors were thus averaged and eliminated by the elasticity of the cork.
In 1969 Merton bought Stubbings House, at Maidenhead Thicket, Berkshire. Its spacious rooms made an appropriate setting for his collection of pictures. As a man of considerable wealth, he maintained what was probably the last private physics laboratory in Britain. Papers and patents continued to appear, based on his researches there. In 1957 he had several serious operations and thereafter he rarely left his home, where he died on 10 October 1969.*Wik

1971 Sir Cyril Burt (3 Mar 1883, 10 Oct 1971) British psychologist who was a leader in developing methods of statistical data analysis, particularly factor analysis, in psychological testing. He investigated the role of heredity in intelligence with twin studies and the role of nuture in juvenile deliquency. In 1913, he was appointed thea school psychologist for the schools administered by the London County Council (LCC) This was the first appointment of this kind in the U.K. In 1926, he proposed a national testing program of intelligence tests on children at about age 11. Subsequently, the national "Eleven-Plus" exam was used to identify whether children were high scorers suitable for education at a grammar schools, or not. After Burt's death his later work on twins was questioned as flawed or fraud.*TIS

1975 Norman Levinson (August 11, 1912, Lynn, Massachusetts – October 10, 1975, Boston) was an American mathematician. Some of his major contributions were in the study of Fourier transforms, complex analysis, non-linear differential equations, number theory, and signal processing. He worked closely with Norbert Wiener in his early career. He joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1937. In 1954, he was awarded the Bôcher Memorial Prize of the American Mathematical Society. In 1974 he published a paper proving that more than a third of the zeros of the Riemann zeta function lie on the critical line, a result later improved to two fifths by Conrey.
He received both his bachelor's degree and his master's degree in electrical engineering from MIT in 1934, where he had studied under Norbert Wiener and took almost all of the graduate-level courses in mathematics. He received the MIT Redfield Proctor Traveling Fellowship to study at the University of Cambridge, with the assurance that MIT would reward him with a PhD upon his return regardless of whatever he produced at Cambridge. Within the first four months in Cambridge, he had already produced two papers. In 1935, MIT awarded him with the PhD in mathematics.
His death in 1975 was caused by a brain tumor.*Wik

1984 British geneticist Sir Alec Jeffreys discovered DNA fingerprinting on this date. He identified that every individual has a unique genetic code, so people could be identified by their genetic fingerprints. The technique has since helped to solve crime investigations and allowed the identification of family members in paternity cases. *rsc.org

2007 Karl Walter Gruenberg, (3 June 1928; 10 October 2007) Emeritus Professor of Pure Mathematics of Queen Mary, London University, was a much respected algebraist, being a leading light in the London algebra research community, with many professional contacts across the globe.
For his PhD he worked under Philip Hall, the UK's leading algebraist at the time, submitting a thesis in the theory of groups (a branch of algebra concerned with an abstract study of symmetry). He moved to Queen Mary College, London University, temporarily in 1953 and permanently in 1957. There Kurt Hirsch was slowly building up a world-class algebra research centre and Gruenberg rapidly became a leading member of this group.
Gruenberg remained at Queen Mary all his working life, apart from leaves of absence mostly taken at North American universities. He was made Professor in 1967, and was Head of the Pure Mathematics Department from 1973 until 1978.
After leaving Cambridge he continued his research in abstract group theory into the 1960s, becoming a leading expert at the time on the Engel theory of groups, which is concerned with extracting global information from certain types of local data.
From about 1960 or so, his main research interest moved into homological algebra and its applications, particularly to group theory. In mathematics, frequently unsuspected connections arise between quite separate and apparently unrelated areas. In this work Gruenberg was concerned with applying to group theory techniques originally developed for the "geometry of continuity". In this field he was a major, in many ways the major, pioneer. This work led him over the years towards representation theory, especially integral representation theory, and more latterly number theory. He published many research articles both singularly and jointly.
He was a talented and very successful teacher, especially of graduate students and his many innovative graduate courses were regularly attended by students, visitors and staff from Queen Mary and other London institutions. His books, Linear Geometry (1967, an undergraduate text written with Alan Weir), Cohomological Topics in Group Theory (1970) and Relation Modules of Finite Groups (1976), were all very well received. He continued his research to the end. He published a joint paper with Alfred Weiss in the Journal of Algebra in 2006, was working on further joint work with Weiss in the summer of 2007 both at Queen Mary and at the University of Alberta in Canada. He had been due to address the Queen Mary Pure Mathematics Seminar.* B.A.F. Wehrfritz Obituary in The Independent


Credits :
*CHM=Computer History Museum
*FFF=Kane, Famous First Facts
*NSEC= NASA Solar Eclipse Calendar
*RMAT= The Renaissance Mathematicus, Thony Christie
*SAU=St Andrews Univ. Math History
*TIA = Today in Astronomy
*TIS= Today in Science History
*VFR = V Frederick Rickey, USMA
*Wik = Wikipedia
*WM = Women of Mathematics, Grinstein & Campbell
          Exploration Space      Cache   Translate Page      
Video: Exploration Space
Watch This Video!
Studio: ICRR
This is an award-winning series based on U.S. Achievements in space by NASA. Mysteries of the Universe: William Shatner guides us through out universe from tiny atoms to black holes and novas. Astro Miles: Humorous, human side of space experiments. Mercury Exploration: Animated and technically brilliant. Challenger Explosion: The terrible tragedy that killed 7 Astronauts, new evidence. How? Why?

          Venta Chalet Teia      Cache   Translate Page      
1500000
Espectacular casa unifamiliar de lujo en venta, ubicada en la prestigiosa población costera de teià,  en la costa del maresme. La vivienda ofrece unas inmejorables vistas panorámicas al mar mediterráneo. La descripción de la vivienda. . La casa,...
3 habitaciones 2 baños 400 m² 3.750 EUR/m² bañera terraza cocina aire acondicionado jardín piscina calefacción chimenea ascensor ducha
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 20:04:13 +0200
          Поверхность спутника Юпитера опасна для исследовательских зондов NASA      Cache   Translate Page      
Недавнее заявление NASA о возможном существовании жизни на спутнике Юпитера – Европе, всколыхнуло астрономическую общественность.
          New Horizons Sets Up for New Year’s Flyby of Ultima Thule      Cache   Translate Page      

NASA's New Horizons spacecraft carried out a short engine burn on Oct. 3 to home in on the location and timing of its New Year's flyby of the Kuiper Belt object nicknamed Ultima Thule.

The post New Horizons Sets Up for New Year’s Flyby of Ultima Thule appeared first on Astrobiology Magazine.


          Local Comercial En Venta En Calle Benasal, Castellón De La Plana, Castellón      Cache   Translate Page      
179000
Local situado en la provincia de castellón. Se encuentra en el bajo de un edificio residencial de nueve alturas. Consta de 357 m2 construidos y de 331 m2 útiles. Se encuentra en buen estado de conservación. Se sitúaen el bajo de un conjunto...
630 m² 284 EUR/m²
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 19:47:00 +0200
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Click to view a price quote on RNST.

Click to research the Banking industry.

          Technical Area Lead - Aeronautics (CR-0063-E-KGB-CA)      Cache   Translate Page      
CA-Mountain View, Crown Consulting Inc. is seeking a full-time Technical Area Lead for Aeronautics for our NASA Academic Mission Services (NAMS) program in Mountain View, CA. The Technical Area Lead will direct NAMS’s tasks associated with the aeronautics and aerospace systems and be responsible for providing technical direction for the development, design, and systems integration from definition phase through impl
          La NASA espera cooperar con Rusia para explorar la Luna y Marte      Cache   Translate Page      
EEUU quiere además enviar en un futuro una misión tripulada a Marte
          El primer turista espacial a la Luna viajará con 8 artistas      Cache   Translate Page      
El viaje de 2023 será el primero que el hombre realiza a la Luna desde la misión Apolo 17 de la NASA en 1972
           Painting Cars for Mars       Cache   Translate Page      

Eduardo (Eddie) Castro uses a paint meter

JPL's paint shop does 1,000 jobs a year. While every piece of spacecraft that comes through the shop is important, one headed for the Red Planet provides a little extra oomph.




           NASA Study Connects Southern California, Mexico Faults       Cache   Translate Page      

Approximate location of the newly mapped Ocotillo section

There's new evidence that a short section of fault in the California desert connects known faults in California and Mexico into one long, continuous system.




          NASA se bori za Hubble Space teleskop      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA-in Hubble Space teleskop, nadaleko poznat po brilijantnim slikama iz kosmosa koje već neko vreme šalje na Zemlju, počeo je
          Saher Hony tk      Cache   Translate Page      
Yahood O Nasara Aur Masnavi Maulana Room (2)
http://www.awaz.tv

          Venta Chalet Sant Andreu De Llavaneres      Cache   Translate Page      
1100000
Lujosa casa en venta en la mejor urbanización del maresme,  supermaresme, envuelta de naturaleza, vigilada las 24 horas, con unas vistas formidables sobre el mar mediterráneo.  la extensa y elegante zona ajardinada, con una preciosa piscina y...
5 habitaciones 4 baños 350 m² 3.142 EUR/m² bañera jacuzzi cocina trastero piscina jardín chimenea
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 19:58:12 +0200
          Venta Atico Barcelona      Cache   Translate Page      
1450000
Espectacular ático en venta con una gran terraza solárium donde disfrutar de unas vistas privilegiadas des del tibidabo hasta el mar. Este fantástico piso ha sido reformado con exquisito gusto y utilizando materiales de alta calidad. Su ubicación...
4 habitaciones 3 baños 215 m² 6.744 EUR/m² terraza cocina trastero reformado aparcamiento ascensor
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 19:57:22 +0200
          Dy të rinj shqiptarë rrihen barbarisht në Serbi, sepse flisnin shqip      Cache   Translate Page      
Gazeta e përditshme  “Danas”, nga Vojvodina, bënë të ditur se dy të rinj shqiptarë rrihen në Novi Sad, gjatë këtij vikendi, ndërmjet të shtunës dhe të dielës, njëri prej të cilëve është plagosur rëndë dhe jeta e tij është në rrezik. Në rrugën “Futoshkoj”, në stacionin e taksive pranë Ruletit “Gaja”, dy të rinj me […]
          Spotted On NASA’s Live Feed: “A Craft With Doorway And A Being Inside!”      Cache   Translate Page      

by Mac Slavo, SHTF Plan: An odd structure was spotted on NASA’s Live International Space Station feed.  A video shows what appears to be a doorway with what could be some kind of alien being inside. The video was uploaded by popular alien conspiracy YouTube channel ‘MrMBB333’ has uploaded an unbelievable video shows a strange […]

The post Spotted On NASA’s Live Feed: “A Craft With Doorway And A Being Inside!” appeared first on SGT Report.


          NASA To Televise Two Spacewalks, Preview Briefing      Cache   Translate Page      


          #10 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

#8 ya para el proximo mandar astronautas para reparar tendria que ser una antigualla, sino mandar automatismos para cambiar los repuestos hasta con los cohetes del Musk

» autor: komvos


          SPACE: NASA’s asteroid chaser gets first glimpse of potentially hazardous target….      Cache   Translate Page      
SPACE: NASA’s asteroid chaser gets first glimpse of potentially hazardous target.
          Hydro vai retomar produção da Alunorte, maior refinaria de alumina do mundo      Cache   Translate Page      

OSLO/RIO DE JANEIRO - O grupo norueguês Norsk Hydro obteve permissão de autoridades brasileiras para reiniciar a produção na refinaria de alumina Alunorte, a maior do mundo, localizada no Pará, com metade da capacidade, informou a produtora de metais em comunicado divulgado nesta terça-feira.

O anúncio ocorre após a empresa ter informado na semana passada que iria parar completamente a produção de sua refinaria, bem como a mina de bauxita de Paragominas, podendo impactar pelo menos 4.700 trabalhadores, devido a embargos de autoridades que a impediam de usar estruturas da empresa.

A unidade já estava operando com metade da capacidade desde março, por determinação de autoridades, depois que foram descobertos descartes de efluentes ilegais pela empresa em áreas da Floresta Amazônica.

A empresa já admitiu os despejos, mas nega que tenham causado impactos ao meio ambiente.

A decisão de fechar a refinaria, segundo a empresa, foi tomada quando o Depósito de Resíduos Sólidos 1 (DRS1) da Alunorte estava prestes a atingir sua capacidade total, mas a Hydro conseguiu na segunda-feira a permissão do órgão ambiental federal Ibama para usar uma tecnologia para aliviar a situação, disse a empresa.

Hydro - Alunorte

“A expectativa é que a produção da Alunorte consiga gradativamente chegar a 50 por cento em até duas semanas”, disse a Hydro sobre a usina, que tem capacidade total para produzir cerca de 6,4 milhões de toneladas de alumina por ano, ou 10 por cento da capacidade mundial fora da China.

“A Hydro mantém o diálogo com todas as autoridades relevantes para retomar a produção total da Alunorte e normalizar suas operações no Brasil”, acrescentou.

Para a retomada, a empresa seguiu orientação técnica da Secretaria de Estado de Meio Ambiente e Sustentabilidade do Pará (Semas), que irá supervisionar as atividades.

EMBARGOS

Em nota, o Ibama pontuou à Reuters que a empresa permanece impedida de utilizar seu mais recente depósito DRS2, que não tem licença de operação e também está embargado por uma decisão judicial.

Para permitir que a empresa continue operando com 50 por cento da capacidade, o Ibama permitiu apenas que a companhia utilize uma estrutura chamada filtro-prensa de forma associada ao DSR1, que dispõe de licença ambiental válida.

“O sistema de filtros funcionará de forma independente e desvinculada ao DRS2”, disse o Ibama.

A produção da Alunorte, o suficiente para produzir mais de 3 milhões de toneladas de alumínio por ano, é vendida para usinas de metal em todo o mundo, incluindo instalações próprias da Hydro na Noruega e no Brasil, e as paralisações elevaram os preços globais do metal.

A fundição da Albras, uma joint venture entre a Hydro e a Nippon Amazon Aluminium e localizada ao lado da planta de alumina, será capaz de manter a produção de alumínio a uma taxa anual de 230 mil toneladas por ano, metade de sua capacidade, em linha com os anúncios feitos em abril.


          #30 Falla el segundo ordenador de a bordo de Curiosity… pero aún le queda otro      Cache   Translate Page      

¿Hackeo a la NASA quizás por parte de una potencia rival?

» autor: Millonetis


          #9 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

#2 O a los Galaxy Rangers.

» autor: Sarcasman


          #8 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

#6 Están en ello, pero no es tan sencillo y ya han tenido varios retrasos, porque por bien que se planifique la empresa es extremadamente compleja. Y esta vez, si algo vuelve a salir mal, como pasó con el Hubble, no podrán mandar a un astronauta con la llave inglesa a repararlo.

Me muero de ganas de saber qué descubrirá el Webb, pero me alegra que no se precipiten en enviarlo.

» autor: colorincolorado


          Thread: Gloomhaven:: Rules:: Can I choose to skip applying negative status effects to an enemy as part of an attack?      Cache   Translate Page      

by donasaur

For example, if a stun on the enemy is attached to an attack, can I choose to skip the application of it so that way the monster acts out their next turn?

I know the official FAQ saids that we may not skip negative effects if they're applied to yourself or an ally, but I'm not sure what the ruling is on skipping application of these effects on enemies.
          #7 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

#6 Se puede pedir mâs?

» autor: Simmon


           Comment on NATURE’S VOICE M – ALPHA ORIONIS : PROTOCOLS OF A SUPERNOVA (MOUNTANN MAMA) AND NASA’S BILLIONAIRE BOY’S FAKE SPACE TOYS – ‘ALLO MICHAEL by peace at last       Cache   Translate Page      
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2e92VIpmWFU not being sexist but this video show there are far to many retarded males though out history even the ones now in the same old dumb cults/groups giving them self new names
           Comment on MAGNI.FAE.SENT CIRCLE OF LIFE : Nature is SO EVIL … O REALLY !!! by peace at last       Cache   Translate Page      
spook : what is nasa doing in yellowstone you well they are causing trouble like setting off / messing with nature and recording their next FAKE space trap they have the cam with a very close zoom of the ground/rocks/dust/gas and pass it off as mars or something else
          #6 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

Puof 28 años, con los avances en optica e informatica, afinamiento mas que avance, seguro que pueden mandar hoy uno 1000 o por lo menos 100 veces mas potente y retirar este, pero andan de estilo rata ...

» autor: komvos


          #5 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

¿Van a cobrar el desplazamiento? Porque va a salir por un pico.

» autor: ARickyTown


          #4 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

#2 Claro, tu dale excusas...

m.xataka.com/especiales/trump-ordena-crear-inmediatamente-ejercito-esp

» autor: sxentinel


           Comment on The Rover Boys in the Air by nevalalee       Cache   Translate Page      
@Mark Pontin: Oh, I absolutely agree that their early childhood reading of science fiction was important to Asimov, Heinlein, many scientists, and engineers at NASA. I'm just not sure that it makes sense to single it out as a meaningful influence on Reagan.
           Comment on The Rover Boys in the Air by Mark Pontin       Cache   Translate Page      
"The fact that Reagan, Heinlein, and Asimov devoured many of the same books only tells me that this was what a lot of kids were reading in the twenties and thirties—although perhaps only the exceptionally imaginative would try to live their lives as an extension of those stories... " Yet the exceptionally imaginative shaped the culture. " ...if we’re more inclined to emphasize the science fiction side ... it’s because this is the only genre that dares to make such grandiose claims for itself....'' There's more to it than that. I interviewed Gene Kranz, NASA Flight Director during the Gemini and Apollo programs, around 2000. Though I didn't elicit it, at one point Kranz became quite voluble about the influences that shaped him during his youth, stressing not only the importance of the SF pulps to his world-view but also that of the 'Air Ace'-type pulps and popular aviation magazines. (As forex - http://www.vintagepulps.com/store/c61/G-8_and_his_Battle_Aces.html) In other words, SF was part of a popular cultural continuum in which the Wright Brothers' first powered flights were only a couple of decades in the past. By the mid-1940s, the German V2 rockets and the atomic bomb -- whose real-world physics were initially conceived of by Leo Szilard in 1933, following his reading in 1932 of H.G. Wells's fictional account of atomic bombs in THE WORLD SET FREE (1914) -- were accomplished facts. https://library.ucsd.edu/dc/object/bb58377715/_1.pdf By the 1950s, you get figures like John von Neumann talking about 'this Buck Rogers universe we are entering' (see Richard Rhodes's DARK SUN) and grim realists like USAF SAC commander General Curtis LeMay demanding a nuclear-powered bomber that would stay airborne for 6-9 months at a time so he could maintain parity with the US Navy and Admiral Hyman Rickover's nuclear submarines. As matters turned out, the 1950s were arguably the most Faustian decade in history and things would tail off after Apollo. But you can see why, based on the exponential curve of development from the Wright Bros to Sputnik in a half-century, a lot of intelligent people expected Kubrick and Clarke's 2001, not bin Laden's.
          Alumni Bio 2 Salis 92 Bantu Pengungsi Palu di Tumanurung      Cache   Translate Page      

GOWA, BKM — Duka mendalam itulah yang tergambar dari raut wajah para pengungsi asal Palu dan Sigi yang saat ini mengungsi ke Gowa. Saat disambangi sejumlah perwakilan alumni Bio 2 SMA 159 Sungguminasa (Salis) atau kini bernama SMAN 1 Gowa terlihat masih sedih. “Kami masih trauma. Kami berdiam dulu di sini sampai kondisi Palu betul-betul […]

The post Alumni Bio 2 Salis 92 Bantu Pengungsi Palu di Tumanurung appeared first on Berita Kota Makassar.


           Hubble operations suspended after technical failure       Cache   Translate Page      

NASA has suspended science operations for the Hubble Space Telescope after a technical fault#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

A technical fault has led NASA to suspend science operations for the hardworking Hubble Space Telescope. The craft entered safe mode on Friday when one of its gyroscopes failed, and while the problem may or may not be fixable, Hubble is expected to continue science operations regardless.

.. Continue Reading Hubble operations suspended after technical failure

Category: Space

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           IPCC warns that "unprecedented changes in all aspects of society" are needed to combat global warming       Cache   Translate Page      

Earth, as seen by the NASA/NOAA SuomiNational Polar Orbiting Partnership spacecraft in April 2015#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

A newly published special report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) cautions that humanity must make rapid and unprecedented changes to all facets of society if it is to limit global warming to 1.5°C (2.7°F), and so mitigate the potentially devastating effects of global warming.

.. Continue Reading IPCC warns that "unprecedented changes in all aspects of society" are needed to combat global warming

Category: Environment

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          NASA: Hubble detiene sus operaciones por un fallo mecánico - La Prensa      Cache   Translate Page      

La Prensa

NASA: Hubble detiene sus operaciones por un fallo mecánico
La Prensa
El Telescopio Espacial Hubble orbita alrededor de la Tierra y recibe su nombre en honor al astrónomo Edwin Hubble. Fue puesto en órbita el 24 de abril de 1990 en la misión STS-31. Es un proyecto conjunto de la NASA y la Agencia Espacial Europea (ESA) ...
Falla en el telescopio Hubble lo deja fuera de servicioTecReview

los 132 artículos informativos »

          La NASA explique pourquoi la coopération avec la Russie concernant la Lune est nécessaire      Cache   Translate Page      
L'administrateur de la NASA a exprimé l’envie de travailler en coopération avec la Russie sur la création d’une station spatiale autour de la Lune. D’après lui, les États-Unis ne pourraient organiser un système de transport entre la Terre et la Lune sans la Russie.
          Tech Polysom Sr - Sleep Lab - UF Health Shands Hospital - Jacksonville, FL      Cache   Translate Page      
Performs polysomnograms MWTs, MSLTs, HSTs and downloading of equipment. Scores studies. Administers oxygen and nasal continuous positive airway pressure and...
From UF Health Shands Hospital - Mon, 17 Sep 2018 23:59:23 GMT - View all Jacksonville, FL jobs
          České Budějovice vyhrály nad Havířovem a vedou o čtyři body - iSport.cz      Cache   Translate Page      

iSport.cz


iSport.cz
Hokejisté Motoru České Budějovice porazili v předehrávce 24. kola první ligy Havířov 5:1 a zvýšili svůj náskok v čele tabulky před druhým Přerovem na čtyři body. I ve svém šestém vystoupení v domácím prostředí zůstali Jihočeši stoprocentně úspěšní.




          Pohodová výhra nad Havířovem, ČEZ Motor si s přehledem upevnil vedení v tabulce - ...      Cache   Translate Page      

Českokrumlovský deník


Českokrumlovský deník
Domácí udělali změnu na postu brankáře, kde Kváču nahradil Strmeň. Navíc se museli obejít bez tria marodů Čermák, Heřman a Bradley. Do čtvrtého útoku tak nasadili obránce Kachyňu a poprvé v kariéře i juniory Hrubce s Vaculíkem. V brance soupeře byl ...




          Venta Chalet Teia      Cache   Translate Page      
1500000
Espectacular casa unifamiliar de lujo en venta, ubicada en la prestigiosa población costera de teià,  en la costa del maresme. La vivienda ofrece unas inmejorables vistas panorámicas al mar mediterráneo. La descripción de la vivienda. . La casa,...
3 habitaciones 2 baños 400 m² 3.750 EUR/m² bañera terraza cocina aire acondicionado jardín piscina calefacción chimenea ascensor ducha
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 20:04:13 +0200
          Seti-Projekt: Nasa soll wieder nach Außerirdischen suchen      Cache   Translate Page      
Bald werden Astronomen mit einem neuen Radiowellen-Observatorium nach Spuren intelligenten Lebens suchen. Und auch die Nasa könnte wieder auf Alien-Suche gehen.
          Venta Chalet Sant Andreu De Llavaneres      Cache   Translate Page      
1100000
Lujosa casa en venta en la mejor urbanización del maresme,  supermaresme, envuelta de naturaleza, vigilada las 24 horas, con unas vistas formidables sobre el mar mediterráneo.  la extensa y elegante zona ajardinada, con una preciosa piscina y...
5 habitaciones 4 baños 350 m² 3.142 EUR/m² bañera jacuzzi cocina trastero piscina jardín chimenea
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 19:58:12 +0200
          NASA to Televise Two Spacewalks, Preview Briefing      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA to Televise Two Spacewalks, Preview Briefing
          Comentario en ¿Dónde leer manga Little Girl online en español? por Anónimo      Cache   Translate Page      
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          The Great Debate      Cache   Translate Page      

Join us as we welcome some of the world’s greatest minds in ocean science and space exploration to campus for a fun and engaging debate inspired by the question: “What is the next frontier: space or the ocean?

Dal alumna Kathryn Sullivan (PhD’78), former NASA astronaut, will be joined by test pilot and Canadian Space Agency astronaut Joshua Kutryk and Canadian astrophysicist Christian Marois on the team representing space. Mark Abbott, president and director of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, German marine biologist Antje Boetius and Dal’s own Boris Worm join forces on the ocean side. Well-known author, speaker and TV science broadcaster Jay Ingram of Daily Planet fame will serve as emcee.

Free admission with limited tickets available; registration required.

Register on Eventbrite


          As NASA Turns 60, Winds Of Change Picking Up Speed      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA chief Jim Bridenstine aims to bridge partisan divide with political know-how.

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          Gyroscope Issue Puts Hubble In Safe Mode      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA has established an anomaly review panel to investigate a gyroscope issue that triggered the 28-year-old Hubble Space Telescope into safe mode late Oct. 5.

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          Movie review: Chazelle’s ‘First Man’ is a stirring look at moon landing      Cache   Translate Page      
If you were an astronaut in the 1960s, it was a smart idea to have a dark, well-pressed suit handy in your closet. Not for dinners and galas, but for funerals, either yours or one of your comrades. That’s how prevalent death was when NASA crammed these guys in tin cans and sat them atop massive booster rockets packed with enough volatile fuel to equal a small atomic bomb. Blast off, indeed.Now imagine one of those big babies doubled in size and you start to get an idea of the thrust [...]
          Voyager 2 Spacecraft Approaches Interstellar Space      Cache   Translate Page      

The Voyager 2 spacecraft was launched 41 years ago, and is now 11 billion miles from Earth. While that itself is amazing, it is even more staggering that the spacecraft is still sending back data, decades after the communication system was expected to fail. Voyager 2 measures cosmic rays. A recent increase in the number of cosmic rays detected indicate that the spacecraft is reaching the edge of the heliosphere, the limit of our sun's solar wind.

It’s believed that the heliosphere blocks a lot of these rays from reaching our solar system, but as you travel closer to the edge and the barrier starts to thin out, more cosmic rays become detectable. Voyager 2’s increased measurements suggest that it’s inching closer to the heliopause, and could soon enter the interstellar medium.

And if we’re going off of history, the craft could be crossing the threshold any day now. In 2012, Voyager 1 experienced a similar spike in cosmic rays about three months before it passed through the heliopause, becoming the first craft to invade interstellar space.

The exact location of Voyager 2 is a guess based on the data it sends. Read more about the milestone at Discover magazine.  -via reddit

You can keep up with the status of both Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 at NASA.

(Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)


          ‘First Man’ is a propulsive, enigmatic biopic      Cache   Translate Page      
Still, First Man remains mostly a deeply complicated affair with an enigmatic streak. Once admitted into NASA’s burgeoning astronaut program, Armstrong pivots from active participant to passive observer multiple times throughout the film’s decade-lon
          Smart aliens might live within 33,000 light-years of Earth. A new study explains why we haven't found them yet.      Cache   Translate Page      

stars milky way galaxy person silhouette flashlight searching alien extraterrestrial life drake equation formula fermi paradox shutterstock_649309528

  • The universe has so many galaxies, stars, planets, and moons that many scientists believe intelligent aliens should exist within detectable range of Earth.
  • Still, human searches for extraterrestrial intelligence have yet to detect any alien signal or "technosignature."
  • A new study suggests this may be because we've searched just 0.00000000000000058% of a "cosmic haystack" in our hunt for an alien "needle."
  • There's no guarantee that exhaustive searches would ever find aliens, though.

The cosmos almost screams with the possibility of intelligent alien life.

Hundreds of billions of galaxies drift through the visible universe, each one harboring hundreds of billions of stars, and each of those stars in turn shelters roughly a handful of planets. Even if the trillion-or-so planets in every galaxy aren't habitable, countless water-rich moons orbiting these lifeless worlds might be.

And yet, in spite of these numbers, humans have yet to identify any signals from intelligent aliens. The prescient question that physicist Enrico Fermi posed in 1950 — "where is everybody?" — remains unanswered.

However, an upcoming study in The Astronomical Journal, which we learned about from MIT Technology Review, suggests humanity has barely sampled the skies, and thus has no grounds to be cynical.

According to the paper, all searches for extraterrestrial intelligence, or SETI, have examined barely a swimming pool's worth of water from a figurative ocean of signal space.

"We haven't really looked much," Shubham Kanodia, a graduate student in astronomy who co-wrote the study, said during a NASA "technosignatures" workshop in Houston, Texas on September 26.

The study suggests that somewhere in that ocean of space — right now, within the Milky Way galaxy — intelligent aliens might be saying, "hello, we are here."

But we'd have no way of knowing, at least not yet.

Defining a 'cosmic haystack' in the search for aliens

alien spacecraft extraterrestrial propulsion lasers illustration m weiss cfa

Over the past 60 years, multiple SETI projects have looked and continue to look for alien signals. Some scan large swaths of the sky for powerful signals, while others target individual star systems for weaker signals.

Yet aside from a few anomaly signals that never repeated (like the "Wow!" detection of 1977), these searches have turned up empty-handed.

Kanodia and his colleagues at Penn State University wanted to know how much of the figurative "cosmic haystack" SETI projects have covered, and to what extent they could improve the hunt for the alien "needle."

The group agrees with famous SETI astronomer Jill Tarter, who said in 2010 that it's silly to conclude intelligent aliens do not exist nearby just because we haven't yet found their beacons. Even if such signals exist and are aimed right at Earth, her thinking goes, we've scanned so little of the sky and may not be looking for the right type of signal, or for long enough, to find them.

"Suppose I tell you there's a cool thing happening in Houston right now," Kanodia said during his NASA talk. "I do not tell you where it is. I do not tell you when it is happening. I do not tell you what it is. Is it in a book store? Is it a music concert? I give you absolutely no priors. It would be a difficult thing to try and find it."

He added: "Houston, we have a problem. We do not know what we're looking for ... and we don't know where to start."

milky way galaxy sun solar system earth location nasa labeled 2In their study, Kanodia and his colleagues built a mathematical model of what they consider a reasonably sized cosmic haystack.

Their haystack is a sphere of space nearly 33,000 light-years in diameter, centered around Earth. This region captures the Milky Way's bustling core, as well as many giant globular clusters of stars above and below our home galaxy.

They also picked eight dimensions of a search for aliens — factors like signal transmission frequency, bandwidth, power, location, repetition, polarization, and modulation (i.e. complexity) — and defined reasonable limits for each one.

"This leads to a total 8D haystack volume of 6.4 × 10116 m5Hz2 s/W," the authors wrote.

That is 6.4 followed by 115 zeros — as MIT Technology review described it, "a space of truly gargantuan proportions."

How much of this haystack have we searched?

allen telescope array ata seti institute

Kanodia and his colleagues then examined the past 60 years' worth of SETI projects and reconciled them against their haystack.

The researchers determined that humanity's collective search for extraterrestrials adds up to about 0.00000000000000058% of the haystack's volume.

"This is about a bathtub of water in all of Earth's oceans," Kanodia said. "Or about a five-centimeter-by-five-centimeter patch of land on all of Earth's surface area."

Those numbers make humanity's search efforts seem feeble. But Kanodia views it as an opportunity — especially because modern telescopes are getting better at scanning more objects with greater sensitivity and speed. For example, he said, a 150-minute search this year by the Murchison Widefield Array covered a larger percentage of the haystack than any other SETI project in history.

"That's the purpose of this haystack ... to help better-inform future search strategies," Kanodia said.

He also noted that the team's calculations assume there is only one alien civilization within range of Earth, and not any more than that. But more than one may exist relatively close by.

"In the ocean analogy, we do not have to drain the entire ocean to find a fish," he said. "In the Houston analogy, if there were two cool things, you wouldn't have to look as hard."

Still, there's no guarantee that a figurative fish or needle or cool thing is out there at all.

Another group of scientists, this one at Oxford University, recently took a different approach to the question of aliens. Instead of focusing on the likelihood of finding "technosignatures" that could be detected, they examined the likelihood that intelligent alien life exists at all.

The Oxford researchers examined dozens of authoritative studies about variables in the Drake Equation. The team then analyzed the results and calculated a bleak 2-in-5 chance that humans may be entirely alone in the Milky Way galaxy.

There's also a more unsettling possibility: Perhaps aliens do exist nearby but don't want us to find them.

SEE ALSO: 27 of the most iconic, jaw-dropping photos of the Earth and the moon from space

SEE ALSO: An alien hunter explains why extraterrestrial visitors are unlikely — despite the US government's UFO evidence

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Stephen Hawking warned us about contacting aliens, but this astronomer says it's 'too late'


          Giant Moon travels the world and again comes to Europe      Cache   Translate Page      

It was collected from NASA images. British artist Luke Jerram (Luke Jerram) went on a new tour with a mobile project Museum of the Moon (“The Museum of the Moon”). In the center of the art project is a sculpture in the form of a satellite of the Earth with a diameter of seven meters. The installation is […]

The post Giant Moon travels the world and again comes to Europe appeared first on HybridTechCar.


          Berenang dengan Ubur-Ubur di Pulau Kakaban Berau, Katanya Nggak Menyengat?      Cache   Translate Page      
Indonesia yang merupakan negara dengan banyaknya gugusan-gugusan pulau, tersebar di penjuru wilayah dan indah-indah. Salah satunya bernama Derawan. Kepulauan ini terdiri dari beberapa pulau salah satunya Kakaban, yang begitu memesona walau banyak pengunjung namun tetap terjaga dengan baik. Teman Traveler penasaran seperti apa spesialnya wisata Pulau Kakaban, yuk baca ulasan berikut sampai akhir ya.Baca juga […] More
          Ini Dia Tempat Bersejarah di Surabaya, Bisa Jalan-jalan Sambil Nostalgia Nih      Cache   Translate Page      
Sebagai Kota Pahlawan, Surabaya banyak menyimpan tempat-tempat bersejarah yang menarik untuk dibahas. Tempat-tempat itulah yang menjadi saksi akan perlawanan masyarakat terhadap penjajah khususnya Belanda. Travelingyuk akan mengajak Teman Traveler untuk berkeliling ke tempat bersejarah di Surabaya yang memiliki cerita unik. Penasaran?Baca juga : Ayam Bagheera, Sensasinya Makan Geprek Bacem Buatan Sendiri di Jogja Makam Peneleh […] More
          Kota Tua Ampenan, Wisata Bersejarah di Mataram yang Sayang untuk Dilewatkan      Cache   Translate Page      
Lombok memiliki banyak destinasi wisata yang Teman Traveler bisa kunjungi. Ada pantai, air terjun bahkan destinasi wisata sejarah. Salah satunya Kota Tua Ampenan di Mataram yang lokasinya sangat dekat dengan pantai. Sejak zaman Belanda, Ampenan merupakan daerah sibuk dengan aktivitas pelabuhan, pelayaran, perdagangan. Hal tersebut pula yang membuat kawasan ini sayang untuk dilewatkan. Penasaran kan? Berikut […] More
          Ragam Es di Pontianak yang Mampu Hilangkan Dahaga, Segarnya Tak Ada Duanya      Cache   Translate Page      
Sebagai kota Khatulistiwa, Pontianak memiliki segudang hal menarik untuk dibahas, tak terkecuali kulinernya. Tak hanya bermacam makanan, di sini pun Teman Traveler akan menemukan ragam minuman yang menggugah selera. Berikut, Travelingyuk akan merekomendasi beberapa tempat yang bisa dikunjungi untuk menikmati es di Pontianak. Penasaran? Yuk, simak rangkuman di bawah ini ya!Baca juga : Sarapan Sehat […] More
          Toyota Ungkap Gambar Supra Facelift dalam Goresan Sketsa      Cache   Translate Page      
Untuk menghilangkan rasa penasaran akan bentuk Toyota Supra generasi baru yang dipastikan akan diluncurkan di Detroit Auto Show 2018. Toyota
          NASA:Телескоп Хаббл переведен в безопасный режим работы из-за сбоя системы ориентации      Cache   Translate Page      
Национальное управление Соединённых Штатов по воздухоплаванию, исследованиям космического пространства NASA перевело космический телескоп Hubble Space Telescope - «Хаббл» в безопасный режим работы. Причиной является сбой системы ориентации.
          Program Manager      Cache   Translate Page      
CO-Longmont, Program Manager We are currently seeking an experienced Program Manager to join our team in Longmont, Colorado. Who we are: Custom Microwave, Inc. is a world-class supplier of high-tech Satellite equipment for NASA, JPL, BOEING, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Ball Aerospace, HARRIS, Space Systems Loral, Orbital Sciences, and Raytheon needs a highly motivated, hardworking individual to join its
          La Habana, desbordada por la basura      Cache   Translate Page      
En el vertedero de la Calle 100, al oeste de La Habana, el mal olor que emana de los cientos de toneladas de desperdicios vertidos diariamente en la ciudad, asaltan las fosas nasales tres cuadras antes de llegar. En esa cloaca monumental, donde se apiñan pequeñas colinas de desechos sólidos, un ejército de indigentes, como […]
          NASA scientists discuss the feasibility of humans colonizing Mars      Cache   Translate Page      
(Natural News) A recent study released by NASA-sponsored researchers has removed the luster from one of the crown jewels of science fiction and popular science, an article in News Wise stated. The study reported that while Mars can be explored and colonized by human astronauts, the Red Planet cannot be terraformed into a habitable state, at least not... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
          Hubble space telescope left pointing wrong way after gyroscope fails      Cache   Translate Page      
Ageing device cannot make observations after backup gyroscope failed tooThe Hubble space telescope has been sidelined after a gyroscope failed, leaving it unable to point in the right direction during observations.The device had been expected to fail at some point this year, but the surprise came when a backup did not kick in properly after Friday ’s failure, said Nasa on Monday.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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          Recruiter      Cache   Translate Page      
CA-Sunnyvale, We are offering an exciting opportunity to work for a company with technology developed for NASA's Mars program. We seek your experience in this highly technical field as we revolutionize clean energy. Together we will dramatically change the way that the world's energy is produced, distributed and consumed. We are seeking a Recruiter to support all recruitment activities for a variety of professi
          Re: My 2017 CRV is a victim of the dreaded oil gas-dilution issue      Cache   Translate Page      
teacher wrote:
Tue Oct 09, 2018 3:18 pm

Toyota has had a history of multiple recalls due to various braking problems since 2009, and in 2014, an "unintended acceleration" problem.

That would concern me even more than the oil-gas dilution issue.


From The Atlantic:

a recently released NASA study, commissioned by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), found no problem with Toyota's electronic throttle control system, which appears to leave "pedal misapplication" as the most identifiable source of unintended acceleration,



Basically, this was probably just human error.

https://www.theatlantic.com/business/ar ... ls/238076/
          Aquinas’ Eliana Chavira rises above sadness over her father’s death      Cache   Translate Page      
The senior outside hitter/setter is motivated to play her best in every game by the memory of her father, who died in August.
          Respiratory Care Practitioner II - (Los Angeles, California, United States)      Cache   Translate Page      
Assesses, plans, implements and evaluates respiratory therapy care and life support to patient in adult intensive care as well as pediatrics and med surg with deficiencies and abnormalities of the cardiopulmonary system under the supervision of physician and prescription. Performs other patient comfort duties necessary to maintain the flow of patient care in the unit. This care includes providing life support services, oxygen therapy, medical gas therapy, pharmaceutical treatments, chest physiotherapy, blood gas draws etc. Essential Responsibilities: Upholds Kaiser Permanente's Policies and Procedures, Principles of Responsibilities and applicable state, federal and local laws. QUALITY OF SERVICE: Professional Conduct: Applies philosophy and demonstrates knowledge of the Patient Bill of Rights. Treats members, coworkers, and individual employees with respect and dignity. Maintains the privacy and confidentiality of both members and employees with regard to medical records and communication regarding disease, conditions, and status. Greet members promptly and courteously, addresses adult members by their proper title (i.e., Mr., Mrs., Ms.) and last name except when otherwise mutually agreed upon by the provider and patient. Telephone Courtesy and Assistance: Adheres to regional and department guidelines for courtesy and consideration during telephone use. Determines and documents the following information upon taking a phone call: name of patient, phone number where patient can be reached, the reason (nature & urgency) for the call, date and time of the call and the name of the person taking the call. Gives immediately to the requested provider or designee all messages of an emergency or urgent nature, gives non-urgent messages to the requested provider or designee in a timely manner. RESPIRATORY CARE PRACTITIONER II Demonstrates knowledge, application, competency, and assessment skills for all specific patient/member age categories; neonatal, pediatric, and adult. Patient Care and Member Service: Demonstrates proficiency in providing direct/indirect care and service to patient/member groups; neonatal, pediatric, and adult ages and classifications. Participates in patient care rounds as an active member of the critical care team. Knows admitting diagnosis and pulmonary pathophysiology for assigned patients, and performs patient assessment and provides appropriate therapy. Evaluates and can state data obtained from respiratory monitoring devices on assigned patients. Evaluates patient's response to all respiratory care provided and appropriately documents required information as outlined in department policies and procedures. Determines appropriateness and provides recommendations for respiratory care services, taking into consideration the needs of different age groups, cognitive abilities, and development status. Initiates new routine orders within time specified in department policies and procedures. Measures and adjusts airway cuff pressures. Recommends changes in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures to physicians, nursing, and/or co-workers. Taking into consideration patient age and development status modifies those treatments/procedure techniques, which do not require a change in physician's orders to optimize the delivery of care, and reports modifications to appropriate health care team members. Utilizes appropriate chain-of-command when consulting on patients not responding to standard herapeutic procedures. Performs respiratory diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Verbalizes mechanisms of action, dosage, contraindications, and adverse reactions for all medications upon request. Obtains approval prior to administering any medications, which is not included on the approved medication list. Stores unused, doses of medications in the department medication cabinet or refrigerator as indicated by the medication instructions. Provides ventilatory support during patient inter-intra hospital transfers. Performs procedures for disinfecting and sterilization and adheres to infection control policies and procedures. Washes hands before and after physical contact with the patient and after using the restroom as described in handwashing procedure. Adheres to isolation procedure as indicated. Practices Universal Precautions at all times. Performs and evaluates blood gas analysis to include quality control procedures adhering to laboratory policies and procedures. Assures that quality control of equipment is performed and at acceptable levels. Obtains arterial blood samples. Ensures that blood samples and requisition slips have required information. Handles and disposes of blood samples per policy and procedure. Performs blood gas analysis. Documents and reports critical blood gas values to nurse/physician. Performs analyzer maintenance and quality controls as qualified, and ensures cleanliness of the blood gas laboratory. Performs cardiopulmonary and neonatal resuscitation (CPR/NR) and responds to emergencies in all areas. Auscultates lungs to assure proper endotracheal tube placement. Identifies primary affected lobes and positions patient to optimize treatment while ensuring safety, prior to initiating chest physiotherapy. Identifies contraindications in regards to chest physiotherapy and appropriately informs and provides recommendations to the physician. Performs oral, nasal, and tracheal suctioning to ensure airway patency. Collaborates with the physician and nursing in regards to the appropriate frequency of suctioning for assigned patients. Provides reasonable solutions upon the identification of problems. Participates in-group action problem solving processes. Complies with patient safety practices/policies; takes appropriate safety measures considering patient's age and developmental status. Charting and Documentation: Provides timely, accurate, legible record keeping and data entries per departmental policy and procedure. Enters required information into the Respiratory Care's department system for recording statistical data related to procedures performed, workload and staffing. Assumes responsibility for all required Respiratory Care documentation on all assigned patients. Equipment and Supplies: Effectively utilizes equipment and supplies. Demonstrates the ability to setup, operate, troubleshoot, and perform corrective action based upon department policies and procedures and manufacturer's recommendations. Utilizes appropriate procedures in reporting malfunctioning or suspect equipment and supplies. Determines whether equipment malfunction is life threatening versus non-life threatening and responds appropriately. Assumes responsibility and ensures patient safety during any equipment failure. Maintains inventory level of respiratory care equipment and supplies as assigned. Productivity and Time Management: Maintains department productivity standards. Reports inability to complete procedures seeks assistance if patient care is compromised. Job and Personal Maturity: Demonstrates flexibility and adaptability by accepting new ideas and supporting changes in the department and hospital/clinic. Functions independently with minimum direction. Communication: Utilizes effective listening, verbal, nonverbal and writing skills formally and informally. Utilizes the chain-of-command in the event of a difficult situation or decision. Immediately reports critical values to appropriate team members. Interacts professionally when discussing patient care plans/recommendations with health care team members. Education and Staff Development: Participates in training and orientation of new employees as required. Participates in and provides patient education, within the department and medical enter. Attends department continuing education and meetings as required. RCP II ( Includes all skills required of RCP I, RCP II): Functions at Independent Level in Adult Critical Care areas. Demonstrates ability to assess for implementation or discontinuance of mechanical ventilation. Demonstrates ability to implement all modalities of ventilation approved for use in the medical center. Demonstrates ability to adjust ventilator parameters in response to changes in acid-base balance and oxygenation. Demonstrates ability to effectively wean from mechanical ventilator per medical center protocols. Demonstrates ability to implement all respiratory modalities of care specific to the Adult critical care.
          LVN - Outpatient - Family Medicine Regular Clinic - (Riverside, California, United States)      Cache   Translate Page      
Provides nursing care to patients under the direction of a Registered Nurse, utilizes observational skills to assess nursing intervention & assists medical staff to insure optimal patient care w/in established policies, procedures & standards. Essential Functions: - Upholds KP's Policies & Procedures, Principles of Responsibilities & applicable state, federal & local laws. - Exhibits excellent customer relations to patients, visitors, physicians, & co-workers; shows courtesy, compassion, & respect; conforms to the critical srv standards established for the Dept & the medical group. - Provides therapeutic patient care in accordance w/the patients established by the physician & a registered nurse w/in scope of practice. - Transcribes physician's orders as directed by policy. - Communicates directly w/registered nurse to institute changes in plan of care; assists w/& contributes to development of nursing care. - Give specified medication orally, hypodermically, intramuscularly & topically. - Executes treatments such as urinary catheterizations, bladder irrigations & installations, suctioning procedures, throat irrigations & enemas & utilizing equipment as required. - Performs related patient care functions such as taking temperature, pulse, respiration & blood pressure readings; applying & removing dressings; may instruct patient in various self-administered treatments or procedures; obtains specimens; assures correct culture collection. - Assists physician or other medical staff personnel w/examinations & treatments by selecting & passing instruments, providing support & restraint to patient, draping & other assistance as directed or required. - W/in scope, evaluates patient's condition by observing signs, symptoms, & reactions to therapy, to identify unexpected &/or significant findings, initiates appropriate emergency procedures as necessary & reports unusual conditions to the registered nurse as established by policy & procedure in a timely manner; maintains intravenous flow rate, notifies R.N. of any problems & discontinues needles, except intra-cath & CVP lines. - Identifies learning barriers. - Documents patient signs, symptoms, observations & therapeutic treatments to patient's medical record. - Ensures cleanliness of nursing module, patient room, & environment & proper functioning of patient care equipment by visual inspection, routine testing, & other related methods. - Provides a safe & therapeutic environment for patients & staff. - Utilizes effective verbal & non-verbal forms of communication. - Performs in other areas or units to which assigned as required by nursing administration to provide & maintain the established standards of care & safety. - Participates in staff meetings & in-srv programs. - Assists in ordering & distribution of module supplies & equipment. - Accepts verbal & telephone orders from physician. - Administers pulse oximetry, humidification therapy, spirometer, oxygen therapy via mask or nasal cannula, oral, nasal & trach suctioning & sputum induction. - Promotes, ensures, & improves customer srv to internal/external customers by demonstrating skills which are consistent w/the organization's philosophy of providing extraordinary customer relations & quality srv. - Performs other related duties as required. - Age Related Competencies: Skills assessments & validations are utilized to ensure that employees providing patient care to specific age groups (i.e. infants, adolescents, elderly, etc.) are proficient in identifying the special needs & behaviors associated w/a particular patient population. - Assume other activities & responsibilities from time to time as directed.
          DOE Statement on the Continued Rise in Fuel Costs      Cache   Translate Page      

Wazzup Pilipinas!

Hindi po kayo nag-iisa. The Department of Energy (DOE) and your entire energy family are united in taking steps to ease the effects of rising prices, particularly of oil and other petroleum products.

The rise in petroleum prices is due to the current global situation where international political and economic factors are at play:

• US exit from the Iran nuclear deal was accompanied by its re-imposition of economic sanctions on Iran, including those related to oil;

• Political and economic instability in Venezuela, which has the world’s largest proven oil reserves and is considered one of the largest oil exporters in the West; and
• A lack of clear commitment from oil producing countries for an actual production increase to replace expected supply constraints.

Global oil prices also tend to go up in the winter months (October-March), as demand for heating is at its highest.

Magtulungan po tayo. Even before the onset of the spike in world petroleum prices, the energy family has been relentless in working out ways to help our most vulnerable sectors such as transport groups. Public utility vehicles are able to avail of fuel discounts through the continued expanding partnership of the DOE with various oil companies.

Likewise, we have asked the Philippine National Oil Company – Exploration Corporation, one of our attached agencies, to look into importing low-cost diesel to augment supply and offer a more affordable fuel option to our public transportation sector.

We are also part of the inter-agency Pantawid Pasada program being led by the Department of Transportation, where fuel subsidy cards are being distributed to qualified franchise holders of public utility jeepneys.

Your full cooperation is needed in facing the challenges ahead.  Now more than ever, we are appealing for each and every one of us to adopt simple yet far-reaching changes in the energy choices we make, with efficiency at its core. 
Using fuel wisely is one easy way for us to immediately cope with current fuel costs. We have launched a strengthened information campaign on fuel saving tips. These helpful suggestions and strategies on maximizing fuel efficiency would save us time, money and help our environment. For example, planning one errand day for the entire family is a creative way, which allows us to spend more time with our loved ones, while decreasing the number of trips we need to make.

Pagbabagong isinasabuhay. A mindset on energy efficiency is key to living an energy efficient lifestyle. Helping bring down the overall energy demand of our country is hinged upon our energy habits. We already have the energy ability. Let us hone it by being smart about our energy choices may it be on fuel or power. Simple tasks such as turning off appliances that are not in use become second nature when done repeatedly. In addition, switching to LED lighting and inverter technology significantly reduces our power consumption, which means lower electricity bills.

We launched E-Power Mo in 2017 initially as a campaign to empower consumers with crucial information that would help them make informed energy decisions. Today, E-Power Mo has transformed into a movement of Filipinos becoming more adept at energy-related issues and adopting an energy efficient way of life.

We are encouraging everyone to follow us on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/doe.gov.phand visit our official website https://www.doe.gov.ph/ to learn more about energy efficiency and fuel savings tips.

Patuloy na paninilbihan. Together with our country’s economic management team, the DOE and your entire energy family remain unyielding in finding ways to manage the situation at hand.  We will not rest from pushing vital industry reforms, including the crafting of policies that promote the exploration and development of our indigenous energy resources, the expansion of our renewable energy capabilities, uphold the integrity of safety and resiliency standards, and bring power to unserved and underserved areas in the Philippines.

          Spotted On NASA’s Live Feed: “A Craft With Doorway And A Being Inside!”      Cache   Translate Page      
An odd structure was spotted on NASA's Live International Space Station feed.  A video shows what appears to be a doorway with what could be some kind of alien being inside. - Source: www.shtfplan.com
          Filer’s Files #40 2018 : General Twining UFOs Are Real      Cache   Translate Page      
Filer’s File October 8, 2018 In special reports, this week’s files cover: General Twining UFOs Are Real. More Data on UFO Crash at San Augustin, New Mexico, Russian Navy UFO Record Say Aliens Love Oceans, UFO Contact from Undersea, Site Image from NASA Is Alien Tower, and Moon Space Station. Unidentified Aerial Phenomena sightings were reported […]
          Women occupied only 24% of STEM jobs in 2017 — but there’s a way we can fix that      Cache   Translate Page      
The percent of women in science, tech, engineering, and math (STEM) was 24% in 2017. Congressman Marc Veasey explains why he is introducing a bill that would direct NASA and the National Science Foundation to provide funding to minority women and girls to pursue careers in STEM.
          NASA asteroid WARNING: Giant 490 FOOT asteroid will fly past Earth Tomorrow      Cache   Translate Page      

A GIANT asteroid larger than the Statue of Liberty or the London Eye will fly by the planet Earth early tomorrow, NASA revealed.

The Apollo-type asteroid, dubbed Asteroid 2018 SM2 and measuring more than 490 ft (150 m) in diameter, will zip past after 2am on Wednesday, October 3.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, estimates Asteroid SM2 will be closest to Earth at around 1.12am UK time or 1.0-2 am UTC.

Asteroid SM2 will then be followed by a much smaller space rock, Asteroid 2018 TC2, around 6.16am BST (5.16am UTC).

The asteroids’ arrival also comes after tiny Asteroid 2018 TA2 passes the planet around 2.29pm BST (1.29pm UTC) today.

https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1028947/NASA-asteroid-warning-asteroid-SM2-Earth-Close-Approach



          Kočárek Maseratti limit 3kombinace - 8 700      Cache   Translate Page      
3kombinace - hluboka,sportovni,autosedacka - k autosedacce jsou adaptery - lze tedy nasadit na konstrukci kocarku. Sportovni verze byla ke kocarku prikupovana :) .. příslušenství  = plastenka,3x nanoznik (autosedacka,hluboka,sportovni) , moskytiera, ...
          VALCO SNAP 4 ULTRA + VÝBAVA - 4 000      Cache   Translate Page      
Prodám VALCO SNAP 4 ULTRA s originál nánožníkem a pláštěnkou, kočárek má polohování nožiček a zádíček, sedátko se dá nasadit jak po směru jízdy tak proti směru jízdy. Kolečka pěnová .Cena 4000,-Kč ...
          VALCO SNAP 4 ULTRA SPORT + VÝBAVA - 5 250      Cache   Translate Page      
Prodám VALCO SNAP 4 ULTRA SPORT (NAFUKOVACÍ KOLA) s originál nánožníkem a pláštěnkou, kočárek má polohování nožiček a zádíček, sedátko se dá nasadit jak po směru jízdy tak proti směru jízdy. Cena 5250,-Kč ...
          Physiological Changes With High-Flow Nasal Cannula      Cache   Translate Page      
Condition:   Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Premature Infant
Interventions:   Procedure: High flow nasal cannula;   Procedure: Nasal CPAP
Sponsor:   Sharp HealthCare
Not yet recruiting
          Hubble Space Telescope hobbled by technical glitch      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA scientists are desperately trying to repair the Hubble Space Telescope, which is currently pointing the wrong way because of a technical fault.
           NASA head: Space station hole cause will be determined      Cache   Translate Page      
The head of the U.S. space agency says that he's sure that investigators will determine the cause of a mysterious hole that appeared on the International Space Station, which his Russian counterpart has said was deliberately drilled
          Audrey Ross posted an event      Cache   Translate Page      
Audrey Ross posted an event
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Francesca Todesco presents Duncan, Sokolow,and more at University Settlement

November 3, 2018 at 8pm to November 4, 2018 at 3pm
Francesca Todesco, longtime member of the Sokolow Theatre/Dance Ensemble and Dances by Isadora, celebrates her 20-year journey in the American Modern Dance scene with two performances of "Awakening Rhythms," a program of works by Isadora Duncan, Anna Sokolow, Catherine Gallant, Jim May, and a world premiere by Rae Ballard.  Joining Ms. Todesco are major dancers from the companies of Sokolow, Dances by Isadora, and Thoughts in Motion.   All dances accompanied by pianist Nathaniel LaNasa.See More

          Conselho Nacional de Educação propõe até 30% de EAD no ensino médio       Cache   Translate Page      

Sugestões para a consulta pública podem ser encaminhadas ao CNE até 23 de outubro por e-mail. O Conselho Nacional de Educação iniciou, nesta terça-feira (9), uma consulta pública sobre o conteúdo e formato do ensino médio — as chamadas “diretrizes curriculares nacionais para o ensino médio”. Esse documento estava em discussão no CNE em paralelo ao debate sobre a base nacional do ensino médio, e atualiza o formato dessa etapa — as diretrizes hoje em vigor são de 2012. Essa atualização foi necessária diante da lei que reformou o ensino médio, com ampliação progressiva da carga horária e possibilidade de itinerários distintos para os alunos, com parte do conteúdo comum a todos e parte diferenciada. O documento propõe, por exemplo, que parte do conteúdo possa ser dado na modalidade à distância — hoje não há essa previsão. “As atividades realizadas a distância podem contemplar até 20% da carga horária total, podendo incidir tanto na formação geral básica quanto nos itinerários formativos do currículo”, diz o texto em consulta pública. Isso pode ser feito, afirma o documento, “desde que haja suporte tecnológico — digital ou não — e pedagógico apropriado, com acompanhamento/coordenação de docente da unidade escolar onde o estudante está matriculado”. Para o ensino médio noturno, esse percentual pode chegar a 30%. As novas diretrizes definem ainda que cada município oferte “mais de um itinerário formativo”, em referência aos 5 caminhos propostos na reforma do ensino médio: matemática e suas tecnologias; ciências da natureza e suas tecnologias; ciências humanas e sociais aplicadas; formação técnica e profissional. De acordo com dados do Inep, quase metade das cidades brasileiras (2.702) possuem apenas uma escola de ensino médio. Outras 880 possuem dois colégios para essa etapa de ensino. Atividades O Conselho Nacional de Educação indica diversas atividades que poderão ser consideradas na carga horária do ensino médio: desde as aulas tradicionais a “cursos, estágios, oficinas” como “participação em trabalhos voluntários, contribuições para comunidade e atividades pedagógicas orientadas pelos docentes”. Essas atividades, diz o documento, “devem ter carga horária específica de acordo com critérios previamente definidos pela instituição ou rede de ensino e podem ser contabilizadas como certificações complementares e constar do histórico escolar do estudante”. Todas essas propostas podem sofrer alterações após a consulta pública, que ficará aberta até o dia 26 deste mês. As sugestões podem ser enviadas para o e-mail dcnensinomedio.cne@mec.gov.br.
          Exploration Space      Cache   Translate Page      
Video: Exploration Space
Watch This Video!
Studio: ICRR
This is an award-winning series based on U.S. Achievements in space by NASA. Mysteries of the Universe: William Shatner guides us through out universe from tiny atoms to black holes and novas. Astro Miles: Humorous, human side of space experiments. Mercury Exploration: Animated and technically brilliant. Challenger Explosion: The terrible tragedy that killed 7 Astronauts, new evidence. How? Why?

          Samonasávací čerpadlo PEDROLLO JCRm 10H      Cache   Translate Page      
Samonasávací čerpadlo PEDROLLO JCRm 10H Nyní lze čerpadlo používat pouze k čerpání a výtlaku vody na přímo bez tlakového spínače (zalévání zahrádky, mytí auta apod.) nebo lze k čerpadlu přidat samostatnou tlakovou nádobu + tlakový spínač, čímž vznikne kompletní domácí vodárna. Možno dovézt nebo zaslat. Tel.: 777 647 827 (stačí prozvonit zavolám Vám zpět).
          Exploration Space      Cache   Translate Page      
Video: Exploration Space
Watch This Video!
Studio: ICRR
This is an award-winning series based on U.S. Achievements in space by NASA. Mysteries of the Universe: William Shatner guides us through out universe from tiny atoms to black holes and novas. Astro Miles: Humorous, human side of space experiments. Mercury Exploration: Animated and technically brilliant. Challenger Explosion: The terrible tragedy that killed 7 Astronauts, new evidence. How? Why?

          哈伯望遠鏡陀螺儀失靈進入安全模式,科研任務全數停擺中      Cache   Translate Page      
美國太空總署(NASA)週一證實,因維持哈伯太空望遠鏡最佳觀測效率的其中一個陀螺儀失靈,望遠鏡自 10 月 5 […]
          NASA正在竭尽所能修复哈勃望远镜的陀螺仪故障      Cache   Translate Page      

据外媒报道,昨日,NASA的哈勃太空望远镜被曝出因陀螺仪问题而进入安全模式。今日,该机构证实了这一消息,它在最新发布的一份声明中提供了信息更新。据悉,哈勃望远镜正在运转的陀螺仪最终出现故障,导致NASA不得不转向最后一个备用陀螺仪。

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          Total Nose and Upper Lip Replantation: A Case Report and Literature Review      Cache   Translate Page      
Summary: The nose plays a critical role in olfaction, air filtration and humidification, and facial aesthetics. Most nasal amputations result from animal bites, human bites, and lacerations from glass. Successful replantation yields the best aesthetic and functional outcomes and is preferred compared with multistage nasal reconstruction. However, nasal replantation is technically challenging; establishing venous outflow can be particularly difficult. A 17-year-old male sustained a complete nose and upper lip amputation in a motor vehicle accident. The midface segment was emergently replanted. Two arteries (left dorsal nasal artery, left superior labial artery) and 1 vein (branch of the left supratrochlear artery) were anastomosed using microsurgical technique. A vein graft, systemic anticoagulation, and postoperative leeching were important adjuncts. Total operative time was 10 hours. Cold ischemia time was 2 hours and warm ischemia time was 1 hour. Two arteries were anastomosed to minimize the risk of ischemia of the nose and/or upper lip. Complete survival of the replanted segment was achieved. Eighteen months postoperatively, the patient has bilateral nasal patency, intact septal support, and an excellent aesthetic result. All efforts should be made to establish a venous anastomosis during nasal replantation to maximize functional and aesthetic outcomes. Partial necrosis is common following artery-only replantation, leading to tissue loss and contracture. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. Published online 3 October 2018. Received for publication November 28, 2017; accepted May 4, 2018. Presented at the Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons Annual Meeting 2017, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Disclosure:The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article. The Article Processing Charge was paid for by the authors. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Clickable URL citations appear in the text. Kate Elzinga, MD, FRCSC, c/o Melissa Nickoleff, University of Alberta Hospital, 8440 112 ST NW, 2C3.49 WMC, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2B7, E-mail: kateelzinga12@gmail.com Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. All rights reserved.
          «Μπορεί να υπάρχει εξωγήινη ζωή» λέει ο επικεφαλής της NASA      Cache   Translate Page      
Σχετικά με τις σχέσεις ΗΠΑ-Ρωσίας στον τομέα της διαστημικής συνεργασίας, ο επικεφαλής της NASA είπε ότι είναι περίφημες
          DroneGuardy: la startup di sicurezza privata con i droni parla italiano      Cache   Translate Page      

droneguardy_002

Sono due giovanissimi fratelli italiani di 27 e 18 anni ad aver raccolto la sfida: Simone e Alessia Russo hanno fondato una startup in California che coltiva l'ambiziosissimo traguardo di rivoluzionare il mondo della security e della videosorveglianza negli Stati Uniti.

Il cuore del business è una app, DroneGuardy, creata nell'agosto del 2018. Il mezzo è il drone con le sue molteplici funzionalità, tra cui quella di garantire la sorveglianza privata, un mercato che negli Usa vale 67 miliardi di dollari l'anno.

Il ventisettenne Simone (già considerato un guru nel settore tanto da essere classificato da Wired come uno dei migliori 35 startuppers del mondo) e la diciottenne Alessia (uscita l'anno scorso dalla High School di Vancouver) hanno creato nei mesi precedenti alla nascita della app una rete di 1500 piloti di dreno certificati FAA (corrispondente all'Enac italiano) in grado di garantire la copertura territoriale per gli interventi su chiamata.

Una volta geolocalizzato da DroneGuardy, il pilota fa decollare il drone che in pochi minuti ha la possibilità di volare sul posto in pochi minuti e registrare immagini preziose per gli inquirenti in caso di furto, episodi violenti ma anche di calamità naturali.

Il progetto di Simone e Alessia ha entusiasmato un altro italiano residente negli Usa: Davide Venturelli è un ricercatore della NASA nella Silicon Valley ed ha offerto ai due giovanissimi connazionali il proprio know-how nel campo dell'automazione nel volo di droni, mentre il finanziamento dell'impresa raggiungerà a fine ottobre il primo obiettivo di 250 mila dollari.

L'abbonamento mensile alla app DroneGuardy costerà 99 dollari al mese per il pacchetto base, mentre il lancio in Italia dovrebbe avvenire nel 2019. Attualmente la app copre per buona parte il territorio metropolitano di Los Angeles ed è stato offerto gratuitamente alle forze di Polizia per essere testato.

 

          [TV uređaji] problem sa digitalnom tv      Cache   Translate Page      
pozdrav imam digitalni prijemnik marke Denver. imam panel mrezastu antenu Micron,koja je ispod krova. oduvek i do sada,bilo je tu preko 20-ak kanala...o radu da ne pricam,nekad bolje,nekad gore,puno pomeranja antene itd...u svakom slucaju,u zadnje vreme sam nasao tu neku poziciju antene gde se ne koci ni jedan kanal. od pre par dana,uredjaj prikazuje samo 0 kanala. na njemu je to prikazano od C800 do C808. znaci svi kanali su jednostavno nestali,sem ovih osam,nestali su sa liste,jako cudna s...
          Commenti su 15 mosse per le Green City di alsarago58      Cache   Translate Page      
Ateoman, ho trovato questa immagine satellitare del 5 ottobre, in cui si vede la struttura ciclonica di cui parlavo, compreso il suo "braccio" di richiamo dallo Ionio, che ha provocato quella corrente di aria calda e umida, responsabile del nubifragio in Calabria. https://lance.modaps.eosdis.nasa.gov/imagery/subsets/?subset=Europe_3_02.2018278.terra.1km Questo è invece quello del 20 settembre, che poi ha provocato il disastro in Tunisia, il 22 https://lance.modaps.eosdis.nasa.gov/imagery/subsets/?subset=Europe_3_02.2018263.terra.1km Forse non si possono definire Medicane, la loro struttura, per esempio, non è così evidente e i venti sono meno intensi, ma certo ci vanno vicino...
          SCIENTIST, DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY - University of Wisconsin–Madison - Madison, WI      Cache   Translate Page      
Employee must be able to receive security clearance from NASA to work at the Kennedy Space Center. This position will support the research program of Professor...
From University of Wisconsin–Madison - Tue, 18 Sep 2018 18:57:34 GMT - View all Madison, WI jobs
          Comment on How one region’s space industry represents the world by Edward      Cache   Translate Page      
m d mill, You wrote: "<i>No, I just think that this is even less likely. Your logic is faulty. Shipping raw Titanium to earth from the moon or elsewhere, once it is mined and purified is the relatively easy part, and makes the most economic sense.</i>" First you tell me that you are not thinking that raw material will be brought back to Earth, then you suggest that is your expectation. Something is faulty, but it is not the logic. A company called Made In Space is demonstrating that manufacturing in space may not be as difficult as many people assume. "<i>just show me.</i>" Was I unclear in my answer to your original request? Later you deviated from this request, so I replied to those deviations (as I am about to do in the next paragraph). NASA itself is not the joke. It has talented, knowledgeable, and skilled workers. Its management may be motivated more by politics than science or exploration, and it is <i>most definitely </i>not well used by Congress. It was Congress that directed NASA to make SLS without giving a mission for it to accomplish, and Congress even directed some of SLS's design to NASA, as though Congress is the rocket scientist rather than NASA's workers, resulting in an expensive rocket in search of a purpose (hence the proposed (F)LOP-Gateway). These problems do not make NASA a joke, they make some of NASA's most publicized projects jokes. JPL is fantastic, and -- although I did not like working with its personnel -- Goddard produces excellent science at a fairly reasonable cost. "<i>On reflection my, original post was reasonable and correct.</i>" Apparently, in your mind, if you can't "<i>see how extra earth missions are going to see a profit</i>" then you project your lack of imagination onto everyone else, too, and there is no convincing you otherwise. Meanwhile, I am going to continue celebrating the other seven billion people, their imaginations, and their ability to make their own dreams come true, even when -- like SpaceX's reusable first stage -- they <i>do </i>have to accomplish the "impossible" in an economical manner.
          Comment on Hubble in safe mode, down to two gyroscopes by Edward      Cache   Translate Page      
Kyle asked: "<i>How about they detach the Canadarm2 and module from ISS and ferry it over to Hubble with a dragon</i>" Their orbits are very different. Hubble is at about 20 degree inclination, and the ISS is about 60 degrees. The delta v needed to change 40 degrees of inclination is more than half the orbital speed, which means that would take more than 4 km/sec of delta v. Then another similar delta v to return it. We have known that Hubble was eventually doomed, but NASA and Congress have not been eager to prepare another rescue attempt in advance of this event, even with the possibility of borrowing the mysterious X-37B (or is the Air Force unwilling to lend it out?). I think that we have to acknowledge and accept the sad fact that Hubble will eventually or soon be relegated to reduced-science mode, at least for the foreseeable future.
          Comment on Hubble in safe mode, down to two gyroscopes by Chris Cresta      Cache   Translate Page      
It's too bad that the unused spy satellite with the Hubble grade mirror that was one of two gifted to NASA (the other one being used for WFIRST) couldn't be turned into a Hubble replacement.
          Σχόλιο στο «Τα έξι ρωσικά υποβρύχια στη νότια Ευρώπη ανησυχούν το NATO» από Gunslinger32      Cache   Translate Page      
Προτείνω Столичная επειδή λέγεται ότι είναι απο τις πρώτες σε ποιότητα και γεύση. Σε ειδική συσκευασία την έπιναν και επάνω στον Μίρ(ακόμα και οι αμερικάνοι αστροναύτες, παρόλο που δεν επιβεβαιώθηκε ποτέ απο τους ίδιους, εφόσον η NASA απαγορεύει αυστηρά το ποτό). Στον ρωσικό Μίρ ίσχυαν όμως οι ρωσικοί νόμοι, ακόμα και για τους επισκέπτες αστροναύτες απο άλλες χώρες. 😉
           NASA International Space Apps Challenge Vinnytsia       Cache   Translate Page      
Хочеш створити дійсно класний продукт, що зможе в майбутньому вирішити глобальні проблеми людства не тільки на Землі, а й у Космосі? Реєструйся у Space Apps - найбільшому міжнародному хакатоні, що об`єднує інноваторів, розробників, дизайнерів і просто тих, хто обожнює Космос Деталі за посиланням: https://2018.spaceappschallenge.org/locations/vinnytsia/ https://www.facebook.com/events/437097076813875/
          Oh Crap, It Looks Like Europa's Surface Is Covered With Gigantic Shards of Ice - Gizmodo      Cache   Translate Page      

Gizmodo

Oh Crap, It Looks Like Europa's Surface Is Covered With Gigantic Shards of Ice
Gizmodo
Jupiter's moon Europa, with its subsurface ocean, may have what it takes to foster alien life. A mission to this icy moon is on the wishlist of many astronomers, but new research suggests it won't be easy to land spacecraft there: Its surface seems to ...
Jupiter moon may have huge, jagged ice blades that complicate the search for alien lifeNBCNews.com
Fifty-foot-tall ice spikes might make it hard to land on EuropaPopular Science
Giant, jagged 'ice spikes' cover Jupiter's moon Europa, new study suggestsUSA TODAY
ExtremeTech -Popular Mechanics -Science News -BGR
all 107 news articles »

          A NASA mentiu – Fomos até Marte em 1973, alega vídeo      Cache   Translate Page      
A NASA enviou uma espaçonave tripulada a Marte em uma missão ultrassecreta de 1973, que veio à tona depois que um vídeo vazou, segundo alegações online. Os astronautas Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin e...

Visite OVNIhoje.com para maiores detalhes...

          Homolovi      Cache   Translate Page      

Homolovi or Homolovi State Park (formerly: Homolovi Ruins State Park) is a cluster of archaeological sites that contains the ruins of eight pre-Columbian Ancestral Puebloan (Anasazi) and Hopi pueblos in addition to some 300 other remains and petroglyphs. Homolovi lies within sight of the Little Colorado River in a floodplain, 2 km (4 miles) northeast of Winslow, Arizona in the United States. Archaeologists...

          El Gobierno instrumentaliza Correos: «Si con 200.000 euros llevé a Sánchez a La Moncloa, imagínate aquí»      Cache   Translate Page      

ABC se ha entrevistado durante las últimas semanas con fuentes de Correos -unos siguen allí, otros no- para reconstruir el «cataclismo» que ha supuesto el desembarco en la compañía del nuevo presidente, Juan Manuel Serrano, quien fuera jefe de Gabinete de Pedro Sánchez hasta que este llegó a La Moncloa. La expresión más repetida es «estamos alucinando» con lo que hace y, sobre todo, con «la falta de vergüenza con la que se lo dice a todo el mundo». Desde su llegada, Correos tiene que trabajar, dentro de sus posibilidades, «para Pedro».

Juan Manuel Serrano fue nombrado el pasado 25 de julio. Al margen de los vaivenes de cargos con los cambios de Gobierno, esta designación causó malestar en la empresa pública. En el currículum de Serrano, publicado en la nota de prensa de su nombramiento, destaca que «desde el año 2014 era Jefe de Gabinete de la Comisión Ejecutiva Federal del Partido Socialista Obrero Español». Ingeniero técnico informático de profesión, ha desarrollado la mayor parte de su carrera en la Federación Española de Municipios y Provincias (FEMP), donde fue gerente y director de Sistemas y de Gestión de Convenios.

Un sueldo de 191.000 euros

Serrano viajó con Pedro Sánchez en la caravana que le llevó a liderar el PSOE, y con él entró en La Moncloa, pero el nuevo presidente decidió nombrar jefe de Gabinete a Iván Redondo. «Se enfadó mucho», pero Sánchez le dio el puesto mejor pagado de las empresas públicas, 191.052,58 euros anuales, según los datos de 2017. El salario del presidente de Correos es bastante más del doble que el del inquilino de La Moncloa.

El salto que ha dado Serrano ha sido estratosférico, pues Correos es un grupo con casi 2.000 millones de euros de facturación y más de 52.000 empleados. Pero, según las fuentes de la empresa pública consultadas por este diario, «no está capacitado». «No puedes tomar las riendas de una gran empresa como Correos por haberle llevado la agenda al presidente del Gobierno. Juanma ni siquiera habla inglés, en un momento en el que nuestros dos grandes clientes son Amazon y los chinos de Aliexpress». «A las reuniones con estas empresas y con grandes grupos logísticos internacionales «envía a otras personas», añaden.

Al margen de las capacidades de Serrano, lo que tiene claro el nuevo gestor es que la empresa debe hacerse a su semejanza. Ha destituido a la práctica totalidad de la cúpula directiva del grupo Correos y a todos les ha dicho lo mismo: «No hay nada personal contra ti, pero tengo muchos compromisos políticos y personales». Al menos, según sostienen las fuentes consultadas, «está siendo amable».

Entre los que ya han salido y los que lo harán en los próximas semanas, hay cinco directivos del grupo: Manuel Molins, exdirector de Correos Express; Matilde García, secretaria general y del Consejo; Alberto Alonso, director de Finanzas (sigue en Correos hasta la llegada de su sustituto, cuyo nombre aún no ha trascendido); y Adrián Cordero, director de Comunicación. Además, también se comunicó su baja a la directora de Recursos Humanos, Lourdes Fernández de la Riva, pero no se ha hecho efectiva porque la persona que la iba a sustituir ha tenido que renunciar al puesto.

Para Correos Express, la filial de paquetería, Serrano se trajo a un directivo de Renfe, Avelino Castro, pese a las loas empresariales que había recibido su predecesor. Esta filial llevaba un historial de pérdidas acumuladas desde su creación, en 2002, de más de 200 millones de euros, y en tres años entró en beneficios. El presente ejercicio, 2018, está previsto que cierre en números positivos por tercer año consecutivo. En 2017 Correos Express incrementó un 30 por cien sus envíos, muy por encima de la competencia. «A Molins no lo relevaron por mala gestión, desde luego, porque cogió una empresa a punto de la quiebra y la hizo rentable», sostienen fuentes internas de la compañía.

Por su parte, el cargo de secretario general y del Consejo ha sido para Julio González García, catedrático de Derecho Administrativo de la Universidad Complutense. El nombramiento de este profesor ha causado extrañeza en la empresa pública, ya que ese puesto lo ocupa tradicionalmente un abogado del Estado, como Matilde García y sus predecesores. La nota oficial de Correos en la que se anunció el relevo destaca de Julio González «su faceta como colaborador en medios como El Periódico de Cataluña, eldiario.es, Agenda Pública o la edición española del Huffington Post».

En las direcciones financiera y de Recursos Humanos aún no se conocen los nuevos nombres. Sí en la de Comunicación, donde ha entrado Eva Pavo, que proviene de Loterías y Apuestas del Estado (en el pasado estuvo vinculada a las Nuevas Generaciones del PP, pero hace años que no guarda relación «con ningún partido», informan fuentes oficiales). Pavo es especialista en Marketing, área que Serrano ha fusionado con Comunicación. Uno de los cargos cesados lo explica a ABC: «Se han llevado el presupuesto de Márketing para un nuevo departamento que ahora tiene diez millones de euros para propaganda, que es lo que el nuevo presidente dice públicamente que le interesa, que Pedro Sánchez gane las próximas elecciones generales. Comunicación apenas tenía un millón».

Otro entrevistado con ABC relata una conversación con Serrano, en la que le dijo «Si con 200.000 euros de crowdfunding llevé a Pedro a La Moncloa, imagínate con lo que tengo aquí en Correos lo que puedo hacer». Todos los entrevistados coinciden en esta línea, la instrumentalización de la empresa pública por parte del presidente. «Nos ha dicho que tiene poco tiempo para hacer su trabajo, y va a usar el dinero de la publicidad en medios para buscar tratos de favor hacia Sánchez. Te espeta abiertamente que desde Correos va a hacer todo lo posible para que Pedro gane las elecciones, lo dice así, literal», sostiene un exdirectivo. También mira por él, según los testimonios recabados: «Tengo que apuntarme una serie de medallas que me sirvan de trampolín profesional para la siguiente etapa». La prioridad son las próximas elecciones generales.

Niega esas conversaciones

ABC se puso ayer en contacto con Correos para cotejar las informaciones recibidas. El presidente declinó contestar, pero fuentes oficiales dijeron que «no vamos a entrar en conversaciones privadas, pero sí desmentimos que el presidente haya hablado de compromisos políticos o personales». Aseguran que «se trató de conversaciones extrictamente profesionales».

En cuanto a la fusión de los departamentos de Marketing y Comunicación, las mismas fuentes aseveran que se ha hecho por cuestiones «organizativas», para que «los temas de comunicación vayan más coordinados con markéting, publicidad, imagen y marca, alinearlo todo en el mismo departamento».


          【芸能】「私も月に行きたいな」剛力彩芽は月旅行熱望、ZOZO前沢社長明かす (thread.length)      Cache   Translate Page      
女優剛力彩芽(26)と交際中のZOZO社長の前沢友作氏(42)が9日、都内の日本外国特派員協会で会見を開き、米宇宙ベンチャー「スペースX」が23年に予定している月周回飛行について、剛力が「私も行きたいな」と月旅行を熱望していると明かした。

前沢氏は、米ロサンゼルスで9月17日(現地時間)に会見を開き、初の契約者となったことを発表。72年の米航空宇宙局(NASA)のアポロ17号以来51年ぶり、米国人以外で初めて、民間人としても初めての月旅行になるが、その件について日本で初めて会見を開いた。

質疑応答の中で剛力の件を聞かれると「本人は当然、このプロジェクトを知っていますし、大変興味を持っていますし、ぶっちゃけ『私も行きたいな』と本人も言っています」と明かした。

その上で、現代アートのコレクターとして知られる同氏は、ホストキュレーターとして各界を代表する画家、写真家、映画監督、ファッションデザイナーら最大8人の世界的アーティストを連れて行く企画「#dearMoon」は大きなミッションで、自身と各アーティストに役割があると強調。「ただ、楽しんでいく旅行とは違うわけです。彼女に、もし何らかの役割、ミッションがあって、それを全ての船員が認めてくれれば、彼女にも行くチャンスがある」と断言した。

交際の状況について聞かれると「順調です。ありがとうございます」と言い、満面の笑みを浮かべた。

2018年10月9日12時57分
日刊スポーツ
https://www.nikkansports.com/m/general/nikkan/news/201810090000382_m.html?mode=all
          Venta Chalet Sant Andreu De Llavaneres      Cache   Translate Page      
1100000
Lujosa casa en venta en la mejor urbanización del maresme,  supermaresme, envuelta de naturaleza, vigilada las 24 horas, con unas vistas formidables sobre el mar mediterráneo.  la extensa y elegante zona ajardinada, con una preciosa piscina y...
5 habitaciones 4 baños 350 m² 3.142 EUR/m² bañera jacuzzi cocina trastero piscina jardín chimenea
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 13:58:12 -0400
          Hurricane Michael Heads for Florida      Cache   Translate Page      

          Comment on Anima Yell! – 01 by RenaSayers      Cache   Translate Page      
I was worried about watching this show, I wasn’t too sure about it but after seeing these shots I have confidence. I will be honest the description on ANIDB leaves this show with a lot to be desired. https://randomc.net/image/Anima%20Yell/Anima%20Yell%20-%2001%20-%20Large%2004.jpg
          EVA Space Suit Embedded Software Development Engineer - CACI - Houston, TX      Cache   Translate Page      
Job Description What You’ll Get to Do: CACI is looking for an experienced Advanced Space Suit Embedded Software Engineer to provide NASA Johnson Space...
From CACI - Tue, 02 Oct 2018 10:38:05 GMT - View all Houston, TX jobs
           50-foot ice spikes may dot Europa's surface       Cache   Translate Page      

A new study suggests Europa's surface could be dotted with giant penitentes (ice spikes), such as ...#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Saturn's moon Europa is one of the most fascinating worlds in our solar system, with its slushy subsurface ocean a promising place to look for extraterrestrial life. While NASA has plans to possibly send a lander to the moon in the coming years, a new discovery might make touchdown tricky – there's a chance that large swathes of Europa's surface are covered in ice spikes almost 50 ft (15 m) high.

.. Continue Reading 50-foot ice spikes may dot Europa's surface

Category: Space

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          Venta Chalet Teia      Cache   Translate Page      
1500000
Espectacular casa unifamiliar de lujo en venta, ubicada en la prestigiosa población costera de teià,  en la costa del maresme. La vivienda ofrece unas inmejorables vistas panorámicas al mar mediterráneo. La descripción de la vivienda. . La casa,...
3 habitaciones 2 baños 400 m² 3.750 EUR/m² bañera terraza cocina aire acondicionado jardín piscina calefacción chimenea ascensor ducha
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 14:04:13 -0400
          Venta Chalet Sant Andreu De Llavaneres      Cache   Translate Page      
1100000
Lujosa casa en venta en la mejor urbanización del maresme,  supermaresme, envuelta de naturaleza, vigilada las 24 horas, con unas vistas formidables sobre el mar mediterráneo.  la extensa y elegante zona ajardinada, con una preciosa piscina y...
5 habitaciones 4 baños 350 m² 3.142 EUR/m² bañera jacuzzi cocina trastero piscina jardín chimenea
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 13:58:12 -0400
          Yuragi-sou no Yuuna-san (ゆらぎ荘の幽奈さん) v1-12 (ONGOING)      Cache   Translate Page      
Associated Names ゆらぎ荘の幽奈さん 汤摇庄的幽奈同学 Ghost Inn of Yuuna-san Yuragisou no Yuuna-san Yuuna-san’s Ghost Inn Author/Artist MIURA Tadahiro ミウラタダヒロ Katfile Yuragisou no Yuunasan Color v01-06g.rar – 299.9 MB Yuragisou no Yuunasan Color v07g.rar – 75.6 MB Yuragisou no Yuunasan v01-08g.rar – 395.9 MB Yuragisou no Yuunasan v09g.rar – 97.7 MB Yuragisou no Yuunasan v10g.rar – 104.9 […]
          Νέα τεχνική βλάβη υπέστη το διαστημικό τηλεσκόπιο Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

Το διαστημικό τηλεσκόπιο Hubble της Αμερικανικής Διαστημικής Υπηρεσίας (NASA) έπαθε μια ακόμη μηχανική βλάβη, χάνοντας ένα από τα τελευταία τρία γυροσκόπια που διέθετε και τα οποία του επιτρέπουν να προσανατολίζεται και να αλλάζει κατεύθυνση. Το τηλεσκόπιο τέθηκε, για λόγους αυτοπροστασίας, σε κατάσταση «ασφαλούς λειτουργίας» (safe mode), με αποτέλεσμα να εκτελεί πλέον μόνο τις απολύτως απαραίτητες […]

The post Νέα τεχνική βλάβη υπέστη το διαστημικό τηλεσκόπιο Hubble appeared first on Alexpoli.gr.


          Plíšková přešla přes Hercogovou do čtvrtfinále turnaje v Tchien-ťinu      Cache   Translate Page      
Karolína Plíšková je ve čtvrtfinále tenisového turnaje v Tchien-ťinu. Nasazená jednička porazila v 2. kole Slovinku Polonu Hercogovou 6:1, 6:2.
          Dúplex venta Benassal, Benassal      Cache   Translate Page      
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Ático dúplex de tres dormitorios, un bao y un aseo, el cual tiene un trastero anejo, ubicado en un edificio de tres alturas sobre, el cual dispone de ascensor. Se encuentra situado en la localidad de Benasal, provinciade Castellón. La vivienda...
3 habitaciones 2 baños 92 m² 1.008 EUR/m² horno ascensor trastero cocina amueblado dúplex terraza
Tue, 09 Oct 2018 22:00:22 -0400
          Movie review: Chazelle’s ‘First Man’ is a stirring look at moon landing      Cache   Translate Page      
If you were an astronaut in the 1960s, it was a smart idea to have a dark, well-pressed suit handy in your closet. Not for dinners and galas, but for funerals, either yours or one of your comrades. That’s how prevalent death was when NASA crammed these guys in tin cans and sat them atop massive booster rockets packed with enough volatile fuel to equal a small atomic bomb. Blast off, indeed.Now imagine one of those big babies doubled in size and you start to get an idea of the thrust [...]
          NASA’s Plan To Save Earth From The Yellowstone Supervolcano      Cache   Translate Page      
Even though we are constantly being told by scientists to not worry about the Yellowstone supervolcano, NASA is now on a mission to save the earth from exactly that. NASA has ambitious plans to prevent the extinction of the human race by drilling into the supervolcano. 
          Jesucristo Apareció en el Cielo de México como Consuelo, luego del gran Terremoto      Cache   Translate Page      

Un signo de esperanza que vieron miles de personas…

La entrada Jesucristo Apareció en el Cielo de México como Consuelo, luego del gran Terremoto se publicó primero en Foros de la Virgen María.


          70: Something Happened: Kuch Kuch Hota Hai at 20 with the Khabardaar Podcast      Cache   Translate Page      
To celebrate the 20th anniversary of Kuch Kuch Hota Hai we welcome Aparita Bhandari and Baisakhi Roy of the Khabardaar Podcast to reminisce and evaluate how the film holds up to today’s standards. Show Notes: * Welcome to [Aparita](https://twitter.com/aparita) and [Baisakhi](https://twitter.com/baisakhi) of the [Khabardaar Podcast](https://khabardaarpodcast.com/)! * TIFF 2018 * [Mard Ko Dard Nahi Hota or The Man Who Feels No Pain](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mard_Ko_Dard_Nahi_Hota), [Reason or Vivek](https://www.tiff.net/tiff/reason/), and [Bulbul Can Sing](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulbul_Can_Sing) * Indian films at festivals and Indian genre cinema * Streaming services and South Indian and regional cinema * The missing market of Hindi podcasts * [Kuch Kuch Hota Hai](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuch_Kuch_Hota_Hai) * The affection for 90s Bollywood * [Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo_Jeeta_Wohi_Sikandar), [Rockford](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockford_(film)), [Student of the Year](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Student_of_the_Year), and [3 Idiots](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3_Idiots) * [Karan Johar](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karan_Johar) * [Twinkle Khanna](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twinkle_Khanna) * [Beverly Hills, 90210](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beverly_Hills,_90210) and [Archie comics](http://archiecomics.com/) * [Koochie Koochie Hota Hai](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koochie_Koochie_Hota_Hai) (INTERVAL ("[Kuch Kuch Hota Hai](https://youtu.be/S9DsCP9Th7Y)" from Kuch Kuch Hota Hai) * Matt shames Erin for her love of “[Dil Tu Bataa](https://youtu.be/Hievfejv90c)” * Does anyone working in Bollywood know how to play basketball? * Rani Mukerji has very small writing * [A one kid, one grandma Parent Trap](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Parent_Trap_(1961_film)) * [The Neelam Show](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neelam_Kothari) * So much summer camp * Matt thinks all of the suits are too big * KKHH then and now * SRK’s worst flirting techniques * [Negging](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negging) * Traditional ideals in a modern package * “Only death can save you from Ranbir Kapoor” * Karan Johar’s version of summer camp * [Parzaan Dastur](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parzaan_Dastur) * The origin of the [Dharma Productions logo](https://youtu.be/ZradJKsPZB8) music * The SRK-Kajol jodi NEXT TIME: our 4th annual Hindi Horror Halloween episode Bollywood is For Lovers is a member of the [Alberta Podcast Network](https://www.albertapodcastnetwork.com/) powered by [ATB](https://www.atb.com/listen/Pages/default.aspx) Check out [We Are Alberta](https://www.atb.com/learn/podcast/Pages/we-are-alberta.aspx?utm_source=Publicate&utm_medium=embed&utm_content=We+Are+Alberta+Podcast+%7C+ATB+Financial&utm_campaign=Copy+of+AFFILIATES+) Listen to [Otherwise](https://otherwiseshow.com/) Find us on [Apple Podcasts](https://itunes.apple.com/ca/podcast/bollywood-is-for-lovers/id1036988030?mt=2&ign-mpt=uo%3D4)! and [Stitcher](https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/matt-bowes/bollywood-is-for-lovers)! and [audioBoom](https://audioboom.com/channel/bollywood-is-for-lovers)! and [iHeartRadio](https://www.iheart.com/podcast/270-bollywood-is-for-lovers-28344928/)! and [Spotify](https://open.spotify.com/show/1m38Hxx8ZFxTJzadsVk5U3)! and [Google Podcasts](https://www.google.com/podcasts?feed=aHR0cHM6Ly9hdWRpb2Jvb20uY29tL2NoYW5uZWxzLzQ2OTg2OTAucnNz)! Follow us on [Twitter](https://twitter.com/BollywoodPod)! Like us on [Facebook](https://www.facebook.com/BollywoodIsForLovers)! #KuchKuchHotaHai, #KaranJohar, #ShahRukhKhan, #Kajol, #SalmanKhan, #SanaSaeed, #FaridaJalal, #AnupamKher, #JohnnyLever, #Bollywood, #RaniMukerji, #KKHH
          Oh Crap, It Looks Like Europa's Surface Is Covered With Gigantic Shards of Ice - Gizmodo      Cache   Translate Page      

Gizmodo

Oh Crap, It Looks Like Europa's Surface Is Covered With Gigantic Shards of Ice
Gizmodo
Jupiter's moon Europa, with its subsurface ocean, may have what it takes to foster alien life. A mission to this icy moon is on the wishlist of many astronomers, but new research suggests it won't be easy to land spacecraft there: Its surface seems to ...
Jupiter moon may have huge, jagged ice blades that complicate the search for alien lifeNBCNews.com
Do towering spikes of ice exist on Europa?Astronomy Magazine
Fifty-foot-tall ice spikes might make it hard to land on EuropaPopular Science
USA TODAY -Popular Mechanics -Live Science -BGR
all 108 news articles »

          #12 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

#11 Y yo, y yo. Pero ahora mismo no parece que haya muchos vehículos disponibles para llegar hasta allí. :-(
(No había leído a #1).

» autor: ARickyTown


          #11 La NASA está reparando el Hubble      Cache   Translate Page      

#1 #5 Llamadme imbécil, pero yo hasta pagaría por ir a arreglarlo. :pagafantas:

» autor: carademalo


           50-foot ice spikes may dot Europa's surface       Cache   Translate Page      

A new study suggests Europa's surface could be dotted with giant penitentes (ice spikes), such as ...#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Jupiter's moon Europa is one of the most fascinating worlds in our solar system, with its slushy subsurface ocean a promising place to look for extraterrestrial life. While NASA has plans to possibly send a lander to the moon in the coming years, a new discovery might make touchdown tricky – there's a chance that large swathes of Europa's surface are covered in ice spikes almost 50 ft (15 m) high.

.. Continue Reading 50-foot ice spikes may dot Europa's surface

Category: Space

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          SHAREPOINT FARM ADMINISTRATOR      Cache   Translate Page      
AL-huntsville, *We do not work with third party* US Citizen only Title: Sharepoint Farm Administrator / Application Administrator Location: NASA Marshall - Huntsville, AL. Full time role Start Date: ASAP Summary: Oversee SharePoint 2013 Enterprise and Project Server administrative functions to include task execution using Central Administration and PowerShell. Support the installation, configuration, security, o
          Comment on Ada “Tiga Huruf” di Lanny Jaya by Ani Nanrang      Cache   Translate Page      
Saya klik karena Penasaranku dengan 3 huruf dann oooohh. Deehh dumba'ku bacaki kak, nda kubayangkan bagaimana tegangku kalo saya yang di sana.
          FIRST MAN Interview with Director Damien Chazelle      Cache   Translate Page      
The La La Land director delivers a must-see Neil Armstrong biopic! Oscar-winning director Damien Chazelle talks to Dave Morales about his new film First Man, the story of NASA’s mission to land a man on the moon, focusing on astronaut Neil Armstrong. The film’s synopsis: On the heels of their six-time Academy Award (R)-winning smash, […]
          Detecting spacecraft anomalies using LSTMs and nonparametric dynamic thresholding      Cache   Translate Page      
Detecting spacecraft anomalies using LSTMs and nonparametric dynamic thresholding Hundman et al., KDD’18 How do you effectively monitor a spacecraft? That was the question facing NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory as they looked forward towards exponentially increasing telemetry data rates for Earth Science satellites (e.g., around 85 terabytes/day for a Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite). Spacecraft are […]
          NASA video shows looming Hurricane Michael from space      Cache   Translate Page      
TwitterFacebook

Hurricane Michael is growing stronger, expected to make landfall on Wednesday as a Category 3 hurricane. 

And there's no better view than from the quiet safety of space.

SEE ALSO: Hurricane Michael is primed to grow stronger and pummel the Florida coast. Here's why.

While the storm loomed over the Gulf of Mexico on Tuesday, cameras aboard the International Space Station captured views of Hurricane Michael at 12:13pm and 12:50pm ET.

A short new video from the space station shows a swirling Michael moving northwest at 12 miles an hour. 

"Cameras outside the International Space Station captured views of Hurricane Michael at 12:13 p.m. and 12:50 p.m. EDT Oct. 9 from an altitude of 255 miles as the storm churned over the Gulf of Mexico moving northwest at 12 miles an hour," NASA said in a video descriptionRead more...

More about Nasa, International Space Station, Extreme Weather, Hurricane, and Hurricane Michael
          Future spacecraft landing on Jupiter's moon Europa may have to navigate jagged blades of ice - The Verge      Cache   Translate Page      

The Verge

Future spacecraft landing on Jupiter's moon Europa may have to navigate jagged blades of ice
The Verge
Jupiter's icy moon, Europa, is a prime candidate in the search for life elsewhere in our Solar System — but landing a spacecraft on the moon may be even more difficult than we thought. Certain patches of ice on Europa could be rough and jagged ...
Oh Crap, It Looks Like Europa's Surface Is Covered With Gigantic Shards of IceGizmodo
Jupiter moon may have huge, jagged ice blades that complicate the search for alien lifeNBCNews.com
Fifty-foot-tall ice spikes might make it hard to land on EuropaPopular Science
USA TODAY -Popular Mechanics -Live Science -BGR
all 108 news articles »

          Sang Profesor Masuk Radar Setan Merah      Cache   Translate Page      
Sang Profesor Masuk Radar Setan Merah Hasîl buruk yang dîdapat Setan Merah dalam sejumlah waktu terakhîr mencîptakan nasîb Jose The Spesîal One selaku manajer sedang dî ujung tanduk. Meskî pada laga terakhîr Setan Merah dapat mengalahkan Newcastle Unîted dengan skor 3-2, namun urusan îtu tak membuat sîtuasî The Spesîal One tîdak sedîkît berubah. Sebelum înî,
          MANE Seminar      Cache   Translate Page      
Wednesday, October 10, 2018 10:30 AM - 11:30 AM
Where: DCC 330
Description: "Powering the Next Generation of Aerospace Vehicles, Dr. Andrew Woodworth, NASA Glenn Research Center
Contact: Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering (MANE) 518-276-6351
          NASA satellite shows Hurricane Michael from space      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA has shared an image of Hurricane Michael as it is seen from space, the photo having been captured by its Aqua satellite. The space agency’s image shows the storm near Cuba’s western tip as of yesterday when it was still rated as a category 1 hurricane. Earlier today, the hurricane was strengthened to a category 3 as it approaches … Continue reading
          Cráter Gullies y fracturas en Acidalia Planitia      Cache   Translate Page      

Esta imagen fue adquirida el 8 de abril de 2018 por el Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter de la NASA. Esta imagen muestra las laderas occidentales con barrancos de un cráter sin nombre (de unos 10 kilómetros de diámetro) en Acidalia Planitia. Estas laderas han pasado por una historia complicada de erosión de las capas de roca …

Continuar leyendo »

La entrada Cráter Gullies y fracturas en Acidalia Planitia aparece primero en Vega 0.0.


          Miss the AMAs? We got you covered       Cache   Translate Page      

          NASA Head: Space Station Hole Cause Will Be Determined      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA Head: Space Station Hole Cause Will Be Determined

The head of the U.S. space agency said Tuesday that he’s sure that investigators will determine the cause of a mysterious hole that appeared on the International Space Station, which his Russian counterpart has said was deliberately drilled.

Read more on Yeshiva World News >


          Henry Blanco: “Tenemos que salir a jugar con ganas”      Cache   Translate Page      
Henry Blanco, manager de los Bravos de Margarita, mostró su entusiasmo por finalmente estar disponible para dirigir a su equipo desde el Día Inaugural, al no tener compromisos este mes en las Grandes Ligas, y alentó a sus peloteros a iniciar con ímpetu la temporada 2018-2019.

“Tenemos que salir a jugar con ganas”, expresó el piloto, que en las pasadas dos zafras debió permanecer con los Cachorros de Chicago en los playoffs, y en el torneo anterior a esos faltó por similares compromisos con los Diamondbacks de Arizona.

“Aquí hay un grupo de jóvenes aguerridos, con ansias de jugar”, continuó Blanco, recién llegado a los entrenamientos. “Fusionado con los de mayor experiencia, sé que podrán todos aportar ese granito de arena para lograr lo que queremos. Pero iremos poco a poco”.

“Estoy contento de estar aquí”, agregó. “Para mí es muy importante estar una semana antes con los muchachos y tomar las riendas desde el primer día, para organizar bien las cosas que se van a hacer. Ya estamos haciendo los últimos ajustes, para tomar decisiones sobre quién se queda en el equipo y quién se va”.

La eliminación de sus Nacionales de Washington, donde se estrenó como coach de bullpen, le dejó igualmente un aprendizaje, dijo.

“Uno en este deporte no deja de aprender”, razonó. “Este año aprendí cómo mover mejor el bullpen. Debemos tener un pitcheo intermedio siempre listo, y creo que ésta fue una enseñanza importante para mí, en Estados Unidos”.


          NASA: Hubble detiene sus operaciones por un fallo mecánico - La Prensa      Cache   Translate Page      

La Prensa

NASA: Hubble detiene sus operaciones por un fallo mecánico
La Prensa
El Telescopio Espacial Hubble orbita alrededor de la Tierra y recibe su nombre en honor al astrónomo Edwin Hubble. Fue puesto en órbita el 24 de abril de 1990 en la misión STS-31. Es un proyecto conjunto de la NASA y la Agencia Espacial Europea (ESA) ...
Falla en el telescopio Hubble lo deja fuera de servicioTecReview

los 138 artículos informativos »

          Villas Boas: ‘O Exército sempre vai acatar a decisão das urnas’ (em outras palavras: O PT está liberado para FRAUDAR A ELEIÇÃO)      Cache   Translate Page      

Milhares de Brasileiros estão postando denúncias de FRAUDE, o Ministro da Segurança está ameaçando quem denuncia, o PT entrou no TSE e pediu para proibirem qualquer denúncia de fraude na Internet e Villas Boas vem dizer que "o Exército vai respeitar a decisão das urnas"?? Eles está dando a carta branca para o PT fraudar a Eleição! 

Villas Boas: ‘O Exército sempre vai acatar a decisão das urnas’:

Em entrevista hoje à rádio CBN, o comandante do Exército, general Eduardo Villas Boas, afirmou que a Força "sempre vai acatar a decisão das urnas" Segundo ele, as instituições estão funcionando bem e não há nenhum risco para a democracia brasileira no atual processo eleitoral.

Villas Boas afirmou, ainda, que o povo não permitiria uma tomada de poder.

The post Villas Boas: ‘O Exército sempre vai acatar a decisão das urnas’ appeared first on O Antagonista.

          Se Necesita Manicurista      Cache   Translate Page      
dianamilenasatizabalcantor419 - Villavicencio, Meta - se necesita manicurista para trabajar en el barrio La vega Exelentes ingresos....
           50-foot ice spikes may dot Europa's surface       Cache   Translate Page      

A new study suggests Europa's surface could be dotted with giant penitentes (ice spikes), such as ...#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Jupiter's moon Europa is one of the most fascinating worlds in our solar system, with its slushy subsurface ocean a promising place to look for extraterrestrial life. While NASA has plans to possibly send a lander to the moon in the coming years, a new discovery might make touchdown tricky – there's a chance that large swathes of Europa's surface are covered in ice spikes almost 50 ft (15 m) high.

.. Continue Reading 50-foot ice spikes may dot Europa's surface

Category: Space

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           Hubble operations suspended after technical failure       Cache   Translate Page      

NASA has suspended science operations for the Hubble Space Telescope after a technical fault#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

A technical fault has led NASA to suspend science operations for the hardworking Hubble Space Telescope. The craft entered safe mode on Friday when one of its gyroscopes failed, and while the problem may or may not be fixable, Hubble is expected to continue science operations regardless.

.. Continue Reading Hubble operations suspended after technical failure

Category: Space

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          NASA satellite shows Hurricane Michael from space      Cache   Translate Page      
NASA has shared an image of Hurricane Michael as it is seen from space, the photo having been captured by its Aqua satellite. The space agency’s image shows the storm near Cuba’s western tip as of yesterday when it was still rated as a category 1 hurricane. Earlier today, the hurricane was strengthened to a category 3 as it approaches … Continue reading
          No dejes que tu veterinario te convenza de que este es un comportamiento normal      Cache   Translate Page      

Por la Dra. Karen Shaw Becker

Si has tenido el gusto de compartir tu hogar con un gato, es posible que también hayas tenido la experiencia no tan placentera de encontrar y limpiar alguna bola de pelo. Muchas personas—incluso algunos veterinarios—asumen que la producción de bolas de pelo es algo normal en los gatos, simplemente porque se acicalan todo el día e ingieren mucho pelaje en el proceso.

Sin embargo, las bolas de pelo, conocidas científicamente como tricobezoares, no solo son repulsivas—sino que tampoco son normales.

Lo que SÍ es normal es que tu gato trague pelo durante su acicalamiento, lo que puede ocurrir durante hasta un tercio de sus horas despierto. Una vez consumido, el pelaje se mueve hacia el estómago e intestinos del gato a través de la peristalsis (contracciones y relajación involuntarias de los músculos intestinales), donde eventualmente será eliminado.

Sin embargo, si el pelo se enreda, se puede formar una masa que ya no se puede eliminar por la vía normal y, por lo tanto, es arrojada por la boca.

En algunos casos, las bolas de pelo podrían permanecer en los intestinos y formar una obstrucción intestinal peligrosa.1 Las bolas de pelo son difíciles de ignorar, pero si nunca las has visto, tienen una forma más cilíndrica que esférica, tienden a ser viscosas o a estar cubiertas de flemas, y probablemente, sean del mismo color del pelaje de tu gato.

Desde lejos, o si ya está seca, podría parecer popó, por lo que si observas algo en el piso, es posible que debas realizar una inspección más detallada para identificar si se trata de una bola de pelo o de un elemento que debería estar en la caja de arena.

A nivel muy básico, cepillar a tu gato de manera regular puede ayudar a prevenir la formación de bolas de pelo ya que esto elimina el pelaje suelto, sobre todo en el caso de los gatos de pelo largo o aquellos que practican un aseo excesivo. Sin embargo, esta es una solución muy superficial, porque si tu gato vomita bolas de pelo a menudo, es probable que haya una causa subyacente.

Las bolas de pelo en gatos pueden ser signo de enfermedades crónicas

Vomitar bolas de pelo de manera frecuente es un síntoma que merece una consulta con el veterinario, sobre todo en gatos de pelo corto, y este es el motivo: Podría ser un signo de una enfermedad crónica subyacente que está provocando que el gato trague demasiado pelaje o se altere la motilidad de su tracto gastrointestinal.2

Hay poca investigación al respecto, pero al menos un estudio publicado en el Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery sugirió que las enfermedades cutáneas irritantes, infestación de pulgas e intolerancias alimenticias subyacentes podrían ser factores que contribuyen a la producción frecuente de bolas de pelo.3

Otra investigación sugiere que podría ser más probable que las bolas de pelo se produzcan en gatos durante un ayuno prolongado (cuando se reduce la motilidad intestinal), así como en gatos de pelo largo y gatos que no consumen suficiente fibra.4

Los factores alimenticios son clave, en especial si tu gato se alimenta a base de productos secos o croquetas.

Para los gatos que comen croquetas es complicado consumir la humedad que necesitan para que su cuerpo funcione de manera óptima, lo cual incluye al tracto gastrointestinal (GI). Un tracto GI deficiente en humedad no podrá desechar de manera eficaz el pelaje y otros residuos del cuerpo tal como lo hace un tracto GI bien hidratado.

Además, cualquier problema o irritante GI puede comprometer la capacidad de tu gato para lidiar con el pelaje consumido. Esto incluye a la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (IBD, por sus siglas en inglés), disbiosis (un desequilibrio en el microbioma felino), parásitos, cáncer o incluso sustancias consumidas en los alimentos (colorantes, aditivos y residuos de pesticidas) o elementos extraños que podrían irritar su tracto gastrointestinal.

En la mayoría de los casos, los gatos vomitan bolas de pelo con pocas consecuencias inmediatas; sin embargo, detrás de ello podría haber padecimientos subyacentes más graves, lo que requiere una cita con el veterinario. Además, podría haber complicaciones respecto a las bolas de pelo, incluida la obstrucción intestinal.5

Si tu gato tose o presenta arcadas, como si estuviera a punto de vomitar una bola de pelo—pero no lo hace—es posible que sea una bola de pelo demasiado grande para ser expulsada. En este caso consulta a tu veterinario de inmediato.

Cómo erradicar las bolas de pelo en tu gato

La primer medida que recomiendo para los gatos que tienen problemas con las bolas de pelo es de naturaleza alimenticia. Deshazte de las croquetas y opta por una alimentación rica en humedad, que sea adecuada para su especie y que permita que el tracto gastrointestinal de tu gato esté en condiciones óptimas de funcionamiento.

Las sardinas (en agua) son un excelente complemento a la alimentación de tu gato, ya que son ricas en grasas omega-3, que favorecerá aún más la salud de su tracto gastrointestinal (una alternativa es brindarle un suplemento de omega-3).

Aumentar su consumo de fibra también es importante, ya que los estudios sugieren que la fibra como de la caña de azúcar puede ayudar a prevenir la formación de bolas de pelo en los gatos.6

En otro estudio, los masticables hechos de psilio (un tipo de fibra soluble) y olmo resbaladizo (una hierba con propiedades emolientes y expectorantes) ayudaron a reducir en un 29 % los síntomas de las bolas de pelo en los gatos, tales como la tos, arcadas y vómitos.7

Dado a que no soy partidaria de la fibra de caña de azúcar o pulpa de remolacha, recomiendo combinar el contenido de una cápsula de polvo de cáscara de semilla de psilio con una cucharada de agua y colocar la mezcla en la comida del gato.

También puedes agregar una pizca de fibra de coco a cada comida o alternarla con una cucharadita de calabaza enlatada al 100 % o puré de calabaza recién cocida. Las enzimas digestivas de origen animal, que se incorporen a la comida del gato, también pueden ser útiles para los gatos propensos a las bolas de pelo.

Además de los cambios en su alimentación, asegúrate de cepillar o peinar a tu gato con más frecuencia (todos los días para gatos de pelo largo y tres o cuatro veces a la semana a los gatos con pelo corto).

Mientras llevas a cabo estos nuevos cambios, puedes probar un remedio natural para ayudar a las bolas de pelo persistentes a ser expulsadas del tracto gastrointestinal del felino. No utilices productos que contengan jalea de petróleo o aceite mineral para este propósito. En cambio, elige una variedad natural hecha con olmo resbaladizo, malvavisco o papaya.

También puedes utilizar aceite de coco orgánico; solo pon un toque en la nariz de tu gato o en la parte superior de su pata y él la lamerá, lo cual ayudará a cubrir la bola de pelo para que sea más fácil de eliminar. En muchos casos, las bolas de pelo desaparecerán después de implementar estas medidas, pero si persisten, consulta a un veterinario holístico para que le realice un examen minucioso.

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          community pharmacist - Pharmasave 1003 Dawson City - Dawson, YT      Cache   Translate Page      
Certification for drug administration by injection and intranasal route. Dispense prescribed pharmaceuticals to customers or to other health care professionals... $100,000 - $115,000 a year
From Canadian Job Bank - Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:01:53 GMT - View all Dawson, YT jobs
          Administrador de la NASA, satisfecho con las relaciones Rusia-EEUU en el sector espacial      Cache   Translate Page      

MOSCÚ, (Sputnik), 09 de octubre de 2018  .— El administrador de la NASA (Administración Nacional de la Aeronáutica y del Espacio de Estados Unidos), Jim Bridenstine, calificó de magníficas las relaciones entre Rusia y EEUU en el sector espacial. “Creo que las relaciones entre Rusia y EEUU en el espacio son excelentes”, dijo Bridenstine al contestar a las preguntas de los estudiantes en la Universidad Estatal Lomonósov de Moscú. El administrador de la NASA destacó que la colaboración en este ámbito resultó ser fructífera para los dos países.   Bridenstine expresó la esperanza de que Rusia y EEUU cooperen en otros aspectos. Estaría bien si la corporación espacial rusa Roscosmos se uniera al proyecto estadounidense de investigación sobre la Luna, dijo. En opinión de Bridenstine, EEUU es incapaz de resolver por sí mismo el tema de la creación de un sistema de transporte entre la Tierra y la Luna. Afirmó que la NASA está dispuesta a cooperar con Rusia también en otros proyectos, entre ellos los de investigación sobre Marte y el universo en general. A finales de septiembre pasado, Roscosmos y la NASA acordaron crear en la órbita lunar una nueva estación espacial, Deep Space Gateway, que más tarde cambió su nombre por The Gateway. En el marco del proyecto, EEUU ofreció a Rusia construir una esclusa de aire para la salida de los cosmonautas a la plataforma conforme a los estándares técnicos estadounidenses. Entre el 8 y el 15 de septiembre del año en curso, la delegación de Roscosmos participó en el encuentro internacional que se celebró en la ciudad estadounidense de Orlando para abordar los detalles de la construcción de la base lunar. En la reunión las partes acordaron continuar su cooperación sobre el asunto. VP/CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGÍA/AM

The post Administrador de la NASA, satisfecho con las relaciones Rusia-EEUU en el sector espacial appeared first on Voces del Periodista Diario.


          Incumplimiento en obras de protección tiene en vilo a pobladores de La Lima      Cache   Translate Page      

CAUSAL. Varios tramos de bordos en ambos lados del río Chamelecón urgen ser reforzados.

La Lima, HondurasEl atraso en la ejecución de varias obras de protección en la margen derecha del río Chamelecón y canales de alivio preocupa a miles de limeños expuestos a las inundaciones.

Luego de las lluvias caídas en octubre del año pasado y enero de este, el Gobierno y las autoridades municipales declararon estado de emergencia en la zona, y eso obligó a nivel central a aprobar fondos para proyectos de protección.

Un año después, la situación sigue igual.

Los daños ocasionados en ese momento por las corrientes del Chamelecón siguen intactos, lo que significa que en una nueva crecida miles de pobladores de las colonias del costado sur de la ciudad serían afectados por las llenas.

Delmis Cardona, coordinador del Comité de Emergencia Municipal (Codem), dijo que esa situación los tiene en vilo ante cualquier eventualidad que se pueda presentar con las lluvias que azotan la costa norte.

“Estamos preocupados porque aún tenemos puntos altamente peligrosos que mantienen amenazada a una gran población de este lugar, sentimos que nos ha fallado el Gobierno”.

Detalló que entre esos lugares a proteger están el sector del Puente Negro, aquí se tienen que levantar más de 600 metros de bordo, y en otros tramos se debe colocar una escollera o gaviones para evitar la erosión del terraplén.

“Es una pena que habiendo un decreto de emergencia aún no haya respuesta y se proteja la vida y vienes de miles de personas”.

En varias oportunidades, personal de Copeco y la Ccivs han levantado diagnósticos del estado de los bordos en La Lima, pese a haber una información técnica aún no se reparan.

Cardona explicó que la llamada a dar respuesta es la Comisión para el Control de Inundaciones del Valle de Sula (Ccivs).

Reconoce que esa entidad los ha venido apoyando en años atrás, “lamentablemente en estos momentos nos sentimos olvidados y nos obliga a pedir auxilio para evitar lo peor”, agregó.

El alcalde José Santiago Motiño dijo que esperar que el marginamiento no sea por cuestiones políticas.

“No es a mí que me están afectando, sino a más de 100,000 limeños que siguen expuestos a las inundaciones”.

Sergio Villatoro, director de la Ccivs, explicó que el inconveniente que han tenido es la falta de fondos, “pero ya estamos superando ese problema y para las próximas semanas esperamos iniciar esas obras.

Solo este año en La Lima se van a invertir L23 millones”.


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          弦理论先驱加来道雄:如果未来人类灭亡,最有可能是这三种原因      Cache   Translate Page      

加来道雄是一名日裔美籍物理学家、未来学家。他毕业于哈佛大学,后在伯克利加州大学获得博士学位。其主要研究方向是弦理论、超对称以及万有理论,并著有许多面向大众的科普书籍。

近日,新闻资讯网站Newatlas对他进行了采访,就科学、新的太空竞赛、人工智能(AI),以及人类面临的最大威胁等话题与他进行了探讨。

加道来雄2.jpg

加来道雄

以下为采访实录,经编辑略有删改:

身为科学传播者,您似乎随时随地都能不假思索地回答问题——任何问题,不论是神经织网,还是肠道微生物群。面对科学这么一个庞大的领域,您是如何跟进的?

加来道雄这一切的起点,出现在我八岁那年。当时,爱因斯坦刚刚去世,大家都说,他没能完成自己最宏伟的理论——万物理论。

我当时还小,不知道爱因斯坦是谁,却放言要“替他去完成”。到如今,我想我们做到了!我们认为,爱因斯坦求索的万物理论——让他能“读懂上帝心意”的理论——就是弦理论!而我恰好是这个课题的开拓者之一。

我们认为,所有亚原子粒子,都能归结为一根细弦上的震动。这就是万物理论。一部好莱坞电影就叫这个名字,还得了奥斯卡奖。但它没有提到万物理论叫什么,其实,它就是弦理论。

小时候,每周六上午,我都会看《飞侠哥顿》(Flash Gordon)这样的动画片,对火箭飞船、激光剑和怪兽心驰神往。《飞侠哥顿》太讨人喜欢了,其中的大量情节都被乔治·卢卡斯(George Lucas)拿走,变成了后来的《星球大战》。

后来,我渐渐意识到,我的两大爱好其实是统一的。理解了物理学,你就知道哪些是可能的,哪些是不可能的,以及未来几十、几百年,哪些是有望实现的。因此,在我的书中,我采访了世界上最顶尖的300多名科学家,围绕未来20、50、100年的就业、医疗、太空旅行和人工智能,总结出了最切实际的展望。因为,科学是繁荣的引擎。它是繁荣的源头。理解了科学,你就理解了就业市场的未来,医疗的未来,以及经济的未来。

我喜欢探讨科学和未来,因为物理学和科学是上述一切的根本。

假如当下有这么一个人,他想为人类作出尽可能大的贡献,他该投身哪个领域?

加来道雄这个任务可不小!基本上来讲,因为科学是繁荣的引擎,所以,我们周围所有的财富,归根结底都来自科学。如果你想作贡献,那就去从事科学,去理解我们所处的世界,去发明创造,以此改变一切。

比如,身为科学家,我们发明了晶体管,促成了计算机和计算机时代的开启。我们发明了激光,催生了互联网。我们编写了万维网,来追踪亚原子粒子。我们还发明了X光机、电视机、收音机、微波炉、雷达、核磁共振扫描仪……这些都来自物理学家的大脑。

而如今,身为物理学家,我们正在努力创造新一代火箭、新一代人工智能机器人。我们认为,下一批创新将推动社会繁荣,让世界变得更美好。

在您眼中,有没有什么领域是当前的增长型领域?

加来道雄有。放眼科学浪潮,第一股繁荣浪潮来自工业革命和蒸汽机时代。第二股浪潮是托马斯·爱迪生和电的发明,即电气时代。第三股浪潮是高科技、计算机和互联网,即信息时代。

第四股繁荣与创新的浪潮,将由人工智能、纳米技术和生物技术引领。这些将成为未来的引擎。

当然,随着人类进入外太空,太空旅行的成本一年比一年低,人类自身的未来将如何?所以,我也会带你一窥20至50年后的生活。

说到太空旅行,到头来,人类或许能给更广泛的宇宙贡献点什么。对此,您有何见解?

加来道雄首先,恐龙没有太空计划,所以它们没有活到今天,也作不了贡献。6500万年前,当那颗陨星或彗星撞击尤卡坦或墨西哥时,恐龙们毫不知情。它们不知道被什么击中了,也因此彻底灭绝了。

跟恐龙不同的是,人类把控着自己的命运。我们不会重蹈恐龙的覆辙,因为我们有太空航行。我们有能力塑造自己的命运。

一旦成为多行星物种,我们就能贡献自己的一份力了。一次,我有幸采访到了伟大的天文学家卡尔·萨根(Carl Sagan)。我问他,“您此生的目标是什么?”他说,他的目标是为人类成为双行星物种打好基础。

我们需要一份“保险”,他说——我们并不是要把所有人迁到火星,这成本太高了。但我们需要一个火星定居点,有备无患。我们有必要成为双行星物种。

如今,我们有伊隆·马斯克(Elon Musk),一位白手起家的亿万富豪。他正在自掏腰包,研制月球火箭!真不可思议。他创造了猎鹰重型火箭,一枚私人出资建造的火箭,可以送宇航员登月,最终登陆火星。他设想的是,有朝一日,火星上会建立定居点,有100万人生活其中。

我们还有杰夫·贝索斯(Jeff Bezos),全球首富、亚马逊创始人。他正在美国得克萨斯州建立私人太空港,配备他的私人发射台。他将发射可重复使用的旅行火箭,最终,还要把亚马逊送上月球。你能想象这样的场景吗——身在月球,你依然能通过亚马逊买到想要的图书?

所以,真正有远见的人正在自己投资。他们不能干等着美国宇航局(NASA)。他们自掏腰包,因为他们想打开天际,供人类探索。

对新一轮的太空竞赛,大家都激动不已。不过,太空事业成为亿万富豪的个人爱好,这一现象有何利弊?其中不无虚荣心的成分,就好像一个人什么都有了,还能给他什么呢?那就来个太空计划吧!在您看来,相对于政府之间的太空竞赛,太空计划的私人化有何利弊?

加来道雄政府行事谨慎而缓慢,对成本看得没那么重,以至于导致预算失控,引发纳税人不满。1966年,阿波罗太空计划正处在全盛时期,光它一个计划,就占到美国政府全部预算的5%。这是不可持续的。真是难以置信:你每缴1美元的税,就有5美分被投入登月任务。这是不可持续的。

如今,成本降下来了,恰恰是因为亿万富豪们开始自掏腰包,推进这些计划。

马特·达蒙(Matt Damon)主演的《火星救援》(The Martian),你知道吧。这部电影的拍摄成本是1亿美元。而印度送一个探测器上火星,才花了7000万美元。也就是说,去火星的成本,还不及好莱坞一部火星题材的电影。太空飞行的成本降幅之大,由此可见一斑。

正因为硅谷有这些狂人,他们不甘落后,争相研制最低成本的登月火箭,所以,马斯克和贝索斯才会去研制可重复利用的火箭。

这就好比二手车。二手车市场变革了世界各地的汽车保有量。十几岁的年轻人也买得起车了。火箭领域也是一样。因为有硅谷的那几个狂人,我们将拥有可重复使用的火箭,而且,太空旅行的成本将一降再降,有一天,可能我们的父母都可以去外太空。

但其中有没有固有的风险?驱动这一切的,似乎只是几个人的一腔热血——马斯克、贝索斯,以及理查德·布兰森(Richard Branson)和他的维珍银河(Virgin Galactic),要是他们出了什么事,结果会怎么样?

加来道雄这就是依赖私人资本的缺陷之一。但每一种资本来源都有问题。比如,美国联邦政府曾资助航天飞机项目,但它变成了巨大的负担,每次发射成本高达10亿美元。正因为成本失控,纳税人和奥巴马不得不终止航天飞机计划。

这恰好是私人企业的用武之地。私人企业可不愿花那么多钱,用黄金去打造马桶和水龙头。他们要的是实用、高效和及时。

加道来雄3.jpg

NASA将从明年开始发射登月火箭SLS Booster Rocket,每次任务成本10亿美元。马斯克发话了:“什么?换成我,我的成本只是SLS的一个零头,而且,我的火箭能重复使用,别说一次了,一年能飞上好几次。”

太空旅行将因此改变。适度的竞争是好事,因为它让你保持警惕,激励你创造高效能、安全可靠的火箭,为太空旅游铺平道路。

我猜,未来某一天,人们会去月球度蜜月。这个目标并不遥远,因为成本正在直线下降。将1磅的东西(约合450克)送上绕地轨道,成本是1万美元。照此计算,你要去国际空间站,成本就是你的体重乘以金价!未来,这个成本有望降到原先的十分之一。

您有没有报名加入最早一批的太空旅行航班?

加来道雄没有,我是一名科学家。我喜欢提出理论、设计东西、攻克各种潜在的难关。建立火星定居点的事,还是留给空军飞行员吧!

你得很勇敢才行!去月球要飞三天,去火星要飞九个月!第一批去火星的人都将十分勇敢。但我们认为,到2030年,第一批火星定居点应该已经落成;到21世纪后期,永久性的火星基地可能已经成形。

想变成多行星物种,显然是怕地球出事。您认为,人类面临的三种最大的威胁是什么?

加来道雄坦白说吧,太空暂且不提,光是在地球上,我们就面临一些重大问题。而且它们必须在地球上解决。

首先是全球变暖。地球升温是毋庸置疑的。我们必须想方设法把太阳能的成本降下来。一个方法是创造超级电池。我们通常忘了:太阳能电池板的能效并不高,其潜力已经基本被用尽了。

但电池恰恰是太阳能时代的瓶颈所在。如今,因为笔记本电脑、手机用到大量锂电池,人们对电池投入了大量的关注,发明家们正在研发超级电池。

其实,特斯拉汽车的马斯克就说,特斯拉将创造一种超级电池,使电厂在冬夏用电高峰也能尽情发电。因此,能让我们迈入太阳能时代的,其实是电池。

其次要担心的是生物战——病菌被制成武器,或是从实验室逃逸。

第三个要担心的是核扩散。核弹正扩散到地球上最危险的地区——比如中东,比如朝鲜半岛。这些都是极不稳定的地区,哪里不稳定,核弹偏往哪里扩散。这些都是实实在在的危险,需要在地球上加以解决,即便在仰望太空时,也不能置之不理。

这些问题好像都存在三四十年了——至今都没有解决。

加来道雄是啊!不幸中的万幸,冷战算是结束了,我们不用担心俄罗斯和美国两个超级大国的交战,但印度和巴基斯坦呢?那里是一片十分动荡的区域。更不用说朝鲜了,现如今,它已经拥有一个小型核武库。

再看中东:以色列有核武器,伊朗也有!虽然有核协议的约束,但协议失效后,伊朗还是能拥有核弹。只在协议期限内,伊朗才不能碰核弹。15年期限一过,它就能大大方方地组装核武器了。所以,核扩散问题不可小觑。

您提到了人工智能。有些人认为AI威胁到人类生存。您持什么立场?

加来道雄Facebook的马克·扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)说,“瞎说!AI明明会增加就业、促进繁荣和经济活动。前景一片光明。”然后马斯克发话了,“它威胁到人类生存!总有一天,机器人会接管地球的!”

我的态度是,短期内,未来几十年直到本世纪末,扎克伯格是对的。人工智能会让生活更加便利,会提高生活品质,降低生活成本,还会创造新就业……我认为,AI产业会比汽车产业还要大,因为你的汽车会变成机器人。你会跟汽车对话,跟汽车吵架!

但长期而言,我认为马斯克是对的。到本世纪末,机器的聪明程度有望赶上猴子。而猴子是有自我意识的。因此,我们必须安插某种芯片,必要时,用它关闭人工智能,比如当它们产生谋杀念头时。

加道来雄4.jpg

很显然,下一个问题是,当它们变得比人类更聪明时,会怎样?

加来道雄这就讲到22世纪了,届时,凡是人类设置的故障防护,它们或许都能绕过。它们又不傻,总会弄明白的。

到那个时候,我们应该考虑与AI融合。我们何不变身超人?何不拥有不朽、完美的机器身体?何不变成完美的化身?

我想,那是我们最终的走向:我们与我们的创造物融合。我们将变得很美,并且超级强大,不用太空服,就能在月球、在火星生存,因为我们是超人。

如果有一天,外星人在白宫草坪上降落,宣示自己的存在,那时,它们的身体若是一半生物、一半机械,我们也不必大惊小怪。

问题在于,当机器智能超越人类以后,我们对机器而言,还有什么价值?机器凭什么跟我们融合?

加来道雄外星人之所以不搭理我们、始终不肯现身,或许就是这个原因。我的意思是,你去森林,会跟森林里的鹿说话吗?会跟那里的松鼠说话吗?一开始可能会,但过了一会儿,你就提不起兴致了——它们不会回话。于是,你也就不理它们了。外星人也一样。也许,它们曾试图建立联系,但发现人类毫无应答。所以,它们也就作罢了。

给我们几百万年时间去进化,也许我们会有一些新颖的想法?

加来道雄我们大可以绞尽脑汁去猜测,因为我们还没遇到过外星人,但我认为,外星人是存在的。光是人类已经发现的行星,就有几十亿颗。认为我们就是唯一,未免有些愚蠢。

所以,下一次你仰望夜空的时候,要知道,可能上面也有人在看着我们,疑惑地球上有没有生命。

记住,我的书里探讨的是未来,不是科幻。我不是科幻作家,我是一名物理学家。但我有幸对话了300名世界顶尖的科学家,听他们介绍自己的研究,因为,他们正在实验室里创造未来。


翻译:雁行

审校:李莉

编辑:漫倩

来源:Newatlas 

原文链接: http://www.zaojiu.com/talks/2304,转载请注明出处,保留原文链接以及作者信息。


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          Manager, Business Risk at Abuja Electricity Distribution Company (AEDC Plc)      Cache   Translate Page      
The Abuja Electricity Distribution Company (AEDC Plc) one of the 11 privatized Electricity Distribution companies in Nigeria that operates in the following states; Kogi, Niger, Nasarawa and Abuja, is presently recruiting for the position below:Summary This role will manage the business risk management initiatives and ensure implementation of risk management best practices by analyzing all risk exposures to the business and reporting on the risk exposures and prevention strategies for the business. Key Roles/Responsibilities Drives best practice, continuous improvement and innovation at process and procedure level within Risk and Compliance function as well as utilize appropriate models for analyzing potential risks to the business, taking a 360 degree view of the company's risk profile. Leads and coordinates risk identification (strategic and operational risks) and assessments, facilitating the prioritization of risks and the identification of risk owners. Liaises constantly with Senior Management and Directors on various risk matters especially tracking ownership and mitigation of risk items identified. Facilitates on-going enterprise-wide risk assessments and mitigation of risks as well as ownership in all business units in line with the company Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) framework including facilitated workshops and interviews with Senior Management. Networks and fosters firm relationships with internal and external stakeholders and develops a close working relationship with relevant information sources to provide an integrated service. Generates and submits timely risk reports in an appropriate manner to different audiences. Also, ensures preparation of ERM reports to stakeholders when required. Aligns operational targets to business strategy and assists the General Manager, Corporate & Business Risk in establishing and implementing structures to comply with the company's Risk Management Framework in conjunction with the Business Units across AEDC. Generates reports, presentations to highlight the effects of risks and suggest changes to the management based on the solutions to adopt newer strategies to overcome the risks. Updates risk items identified on risk management system and gathers data on all risk related projects. Creates, applies and fine-tunes procedures, processes and systems to enhance effectiveness and meet organizational goals, and ensures implementation and maintenance of business risk management policies and procedures. Contributes to the development of risk management policies and procedures benchmarking local and international risk management strategies and best practices; and analyzes local conditions, as well as competitor activities to create competitive advantage. Contributes to the development and execution of plans to embed risk management culture in conjunction with the Business Units across the company, in alignment with the ERM Framework, and the implementation of improvements to risk management capabilities within Business Units in AEDC. Makes valuable input into the development and implementation of all the Company's Risk Management Frameworks, processes and procedures which includes Enterprise Risk Management, Insurance Risk Management, Crisis Risk Management, Business Continuity Management, Fraud Risk Management, and Information Security Risk Management in collaboration with relevant stakeholders. Provides Capacity Building for AEDC staff to foster company-wide risk awareness and ownership as well as competency in risk identification, assessment and reporting. Education Knowledge & Experience Minimum Qualification Required: A First Degree in Accounting, Business Administration, Management, Economics, Engineering or / and natural Sciences Additional Qualification Required: An MBA Professional Risk Management Qualification would be an added advantage Minimum Experience Required: In addition to general work experience, minimum of 6 years of practical experience in an industry/commercial entity with experience in the development and implementation of Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Programme and Business Continuity Management (BCM) Plans. A strong background in managing business risk or risk-based auditing. Minimum of 3 years' experience in supervising/managing others in ERM related function. Required Skills/Competencies: Result-oriented with 'a can do' attitude Good interpersonal relationship Excellent planning and organizing skills Business performance measurement and management Stakeholders relation management Business process improvement Tenacious, highly motivated and resilient individual Team worker with the ability to drive cross-functional KPIs development & implementation Computer and information technology appreciation Reporting Power sector business savvy
          Senior Manager, Business Assurance & Compliance at Abuja Electricity Distribution Company (AEDC Plc)      Cache   Translate Page      
The Abuja Electricity Distribution Company (AEDC Plc) one of the 11 privatized Electricity Distribution companies in Nigeria that operates in the following states; Kogi, Niger, Nasarawa and Abuja, is presently recruiting for the position below:Job Description This role will assist in the analysis of all risk exposures to the business; support compliance to the relevant laws, regulations, standards, codes, and defined Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Policies, Processes and Procedures (PPP) rolled out; provide opinion on PPPs alignment with best practices and make recommendations for improvement. The role will also serve as a guide and sounding-board to aid compliance/prevent non-compliance with relevant laws, regulations, ERM as well as other business policies within the company. Key Roles/Responsibilities Updates identified risk items on the risk management system and gathers data on all risk related projects. Makes valuable input into the development and implementation of all the Company's Risk Management frameworks, processes and procedures which includes Enterprise Risk Management, Insurance Risk Management, Crisis Risk Management, Business Continuity Management, Fraud Risk Management, and Information Security Risk Management in collaboration with relevant stakeholders. Prepares and collates reports on risk management activities within AEDC. Contributes to the develo