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          INTERVIEW: Tord Gustavsen (new trio album The Other Side and UK tour 26 Oct to 16 Nov)      Cache   Translate Page      

It is over a decade since the Norwegian pianist TORD GUSTAVSEN first made gentle yet very distinctive waves with his piano trio. Now, after quartet albums and his vocal/piano/drums project What Was Said, he returns to the classic jazz piano trio format for a new ECM album, The Other Side, and an extensive UK tour which begins later his month and culminates in an EFG London Jazz Festival concert. Peter Bacon interviewed him by email.

LondonJazz News: It’s been 11 years since your last piano/bass/drums trio album, and in the interim period you have included saxophone and vocals in your group recordings. Why the return to the trio format for The Other Side, and why now?

Tord Gustavsen: It has not felt right until now. After the tragically early passing of bass player Harald Johnsen from my first trio, it did not feel right to just do a new trio with the same instruments. Also, the quartet with Tore Brunborg on saxophone, and the project with vocalist Simin Tander, were both formations that demanded full attention as bands and musical organisms, and that developed strongly over time. And then, when I started thinking that it could be time to do trio again – with the piano more in the main melodic foreground, it all had to mature into a situation where I could avoid thinking about how to "follow up’ the old trio, and instead just play, here and now, un-forced.

LJN: Most of your albums – and certainly all the piano trio ones – have been recorded in the depths of a Norwegian winter. Accident or design? And if by design, does the season play a vital part in affecting the mood of the music?

TG: This has happened mostly by accident, I think. January is a good month to record, though, because there is often not so much touring going on then. I really don’t know how much the season affects the music – but it’s fair to assume that there are some links…

LJN: Drummer Jarle Vespestad has been the constant in all your recordings. What makes him special?

TG: His extreme ability to combine attentive interplay and melodic focus with stable foundations and subtle groove. And his skills in dynamics – the ability to play extremely quietly over time when needed. And his sound – you can immediately hear that he is playing. And the fact that he actually likes my music enough to stick with it…

LJN: And tell us about Sigurd Hole, the double bassist on The Other Side. How did you meet and what does he bring to the trio?

TG: I met Sigurd a few years ago when he played with me in a project with choir and poetry recital in Norway, and I liked his playing a lot. Sigurd then joined my quartet when Mats Eilertsen left around 2014-15, and did some concerts with us, a tour of Australia and New Zealand, plus concerts in Norway, Poland, Turkey, Romania and the UK. After this, the focus shifted to the project with Simin Tander and the album What Was Said with world-wide touring in 2016 and 2017, with synth-bass and drones instead of traditional double bass.

Still, what we had started with Sigurd kept maturing under the surface, and when we took up trio playing in 2017 the interplay was already there, and has developed further into a musical relationship that I really cherish. Sigurd brings the right kind of musical patience and wisdom – and stable, yet inventive playing. And he has very special arco skills – that is, playing with the bow on the double bass with various techniques. And this adds new textures and also percussive elements to the soundscape.



LJN: Your own playing on The Other Side sounds to me not only like a further honing of your style, but also – in seeming contradiction – a broadening of it. Is that a fair hearing? Are there new influences that you feel you are bringing to your compositions and improvisations?

TG: I really appreciate you seeing it like this. In a way, there is nothing ‘new’ on The Other Side from my side as compared to what I have been doing with the quartet, with Simin Tander, and in my solo concerts the last couple of years. But then, if you compare it to the earlier trio albums, there is a substantial development.

I like the term "broadening" – it is not so much about linear development and leaving something behind, it is about including new ideas, stretching out, and returning to your main "themes" or musical "message" in ever new ways. I play more "orchestrally" on some tunes now, I play more abstractly on some tunes, I play even more reduced on some tunes, but there is also more dynamics. And still a basic contemplative approach. And I use some electronics and deep-end sounds (the album deserves to be listened to on good speakers and with the volume turned up to really hear the deep-end qualities and the textures produced by electronics on some tunes).

All this has been gradually growing in my playing during the 11 years since the last trio album, especially during the last five years. The influences come from many sources – for example from listening to electronic music, from playing Bach with a choir and a Norwegian fiddle player (!), from playing with Iranian musicians – and fundamentally from listening closely to classical piano players and being inspired by their touch and the way they shape timbre-colours.

LJN: You have included in the album your arrangements of other composers. Tell me about them and why you chose them.

TG: Hymns and chorals have always been an important part of my musical "self" – as a listener, as a non-dogmatic liberal church-goer, and as a performer. But they did not make their way into the albums under my name until What Was Said in 2016 (except for the one track Eg veit i himmerik ei borg on Extended Circle from 2014). It feels very natural now to combine original compositions and folk tunes and even the Bach chorals – it did not before… I guess we had to arrive at a point where we just played with it, and did not try too hard… and, concerning Bach, to a point where the respect for the great master turned into gratitude and freedom rather than anxiety and doubts as to what is "allowed". Of course, one can not "improve" Bach – his compositions are so complete and perfect. So, we had to arrive at a point where we could steal and borrow in the most unforced way and simply treat these amazingly good songs as just that; good songs to approach with a here-and-now attitude as jazz musicians approach their "standards".

Then, the hymns and chorals we play are also really important to me as texts, although we do instrumental versions. I often think of the lyrics when performing them – in a way we indirectly interpret or comment on the message of the texts. The Bach chorals are important in this way: O, Traurigkeit is a lament – expressing deep sorrow and longing for release. Jesu, meine Freude is about deep joy, the joy that lies under our ups and downs and embraces both suffering and celebration. And Schlafes Bruder is actually a song about welcoming death – but here our interpretation is more paradoxical. Jarle started playing a really uplifting groove during a rehearsal, and I just felt that this theme could perhaps fit, although quite far from how it’s usually played… and all of a sudden we were indirectly interpreting the choral as being about release in resurrection – about new life on The Other Side (sic.) of suffering, or moving towards the light…



LJN: You have described in a previous interview with me the idea that “a concert is a meditation”. Can you expand on that idea? And also, how does a recording differ from a concert – how does a listening audience in the room, or the absence of one, affect your performance?

TG: Both an album and a concert to me can have a structure almost like Prelude (opening up, purifying our minds and getting rid of distractions etc.); Kyrie (confession / openness / transparency / willingness to surrender); Gloria (celebration / deep joy); Agnus Dei (contemplation on the divine presence or the "sacred" incarnated in us here and now, whether or not one uses a word like God); Communion (companionship, shared presence); Sanctus (release and gratitude); Interludes (small spaces to take a breath); and Postlude (ending and re-affirmation). This parallell between mass and concert means a lot to me, although I don’t follow it in any strict way in normal concerts. Furthermore, playing itself equals meditating or praying to me – opening up, being vulnerable, stretching your mind outwards and observing the innermost vibrations at the same time, sometimes receiving gifts of insight, breathing deeply.

As for the audience, the most beautiful thing is when you can feel that they take part in all this – that we are on the journey together. But I can never be an entertainer – I will never be able to play for the audience first and foremost. I have to play for myself first and try to make the music I would have liked to listen to myself, and then expand the circle to include the audience and experience them. The other way round would not have worked for me. (pp)

The Tord Gustavsen Trio's The Other Side is now out on ECM.

Tour dates

26 October: The Tower Digital Arts Centre, Helensburgh
27 October: Howard Assembly Room, Leeds
28 October: Triskel ECM Weekend, Guinness Cork Jazz Festival
29 October: The Apex, Bury St Edmunds
30 October: St. George’s, Bristol Keyboard Festival
31 October: Warwick Arts Centre, Coventry
1 November: Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama, Cardiff
2 November: Turner Sims, Southampton
3 November: Lakeside Arts, Nottingham
16 November: Cadogan Hall, EFG London Jazz Festival

LINK: Tord Gustavsen Trio's website

ECM website

          «Aber Bergen» på skjermen samme uke som produksjonsselskapet er i retten      Cache   Translate Page      
Den tredje sesongen av «Aber Bergen» treffer skjermene torsdag. Mandag startet rettssaken hvor ITV Studios Norway har gått til millionsøksmål. - Det er jo helt rått, mener hovedrolleinnhaver Odd-Magnus Williamson.
           Queen and Prince Philip board a private jet from Aberdeen       Cache   Translate Page      
The Legacy 600 G-Huby plane, which was used by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge for their visit to Norway and Sweden, can be chartered from Lux Aviation - at an eye-watering cost.
          High time to say ‘no’ to fascism, racism, disparity      Cache   Translate Page      

High time to say ‘no’ to fascism, racism, disparity

DF Editor´s Desk

The Turku Court of Appeal on September 28 upheld a ban imposed by a lower court on Suomen Vastarintaliike (Finnish Resistance Movement), the Finnish chapter of the neo-Nazi group Nordic Resistance Movement (PVL).

We welcome this historic verdict which will not only dissuade the fascist or extremist radical forces to be formed and operate in this country but also have a long-term positive impact on the social wellbeing. When we examine the background and activities of Suomen Vastarintaliike, we don’t find them to go with the Finnish values, culture, and norms. The Finns are highly acclaimed as a peaceful and peace-loving nation across the globe. The appeal court’s ruling once again proves that Finland in no way will tolerate or allow any fascist, racist or indiscriminating activity to go on in the society.

The Nordic Resistance Movement was founded in Sweden in 1996 and branched out to the rest of the Nordic countries, i.e., Finland, Norway, Iceland, and Denmark.

The group triggered off a storm of debate, discussion, and condemnation in September 2016 following the death of a man being assaulted during a neo-Nazi rally at the Helsinki Central Railway Station. People from all professions and social strata voiced strong protests against the incident. On 24 September 2016, more than 15,000 people gathered in Helsinki and condemned racism and violence.

In October 2017, a Finnish member of the organisation was sentenced to two years of imprisonment for his involvement in the incident of assault that took place on September 2016.

And in November 2017, the Pirkanmaa District Court banned the activities of the Nordic Resistance Movement (PVL) as well as its regional chapters and the PVL-linked Pohjoinen Perinne or Nordic Tradition group. The PVL appealed against the ruling but the Turku Court of Appeal overruled the appeal. The appeal court’s decision in effect makes it illegal for the Nordic Resistance Movement to mobilise, demonstrate or propagandise in Finland.

As we said, the ban on the PVL also spells wide-scale positive consequences for the Finnish society, including encouragement to progressive forces as well as the people in general to continue to work for instituting human rights and equal rights, as well as protecting the interests of minority groups including the immigrants.

Political ideology and strategy also have a vital role to play in routing racism, fascism, and disparity from all sectors of the society. The appeal court’s verdict is very important at this time, when far-right political groups have emerged as vital political actors in many a European country in the recent past. We have seen the advancement of the rightwing populist party, Alternative für Deutschland (AfD), in Germany, the populist Five Star Movement in Italy, and, finally, the anti-immigration Sweden Democrats (SD) in Sweden.

The timing of the verdict is also significant as Finland is now preparing to hold the next parliamentary elections in April 2019. The Finns should consider the issue seriously before casting their votes so that parties with an attitude or advocating an ideology of disparity, racism or fascism do not get a chance to influence the country’s politics and policy-making. To support a fanatic force will but push the country backwards. Only people have the power to decide the outcome through their choice made in the national elections.

This is high time for the Finns to say no to all negative forces and ideologies and to safeguard their country’s image as a land of equal rights, peace, and wellbeing.

To read the Finnish version click Lapin Kansa.

© DAILY FINLAND Developed by : orangebd
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          Casting call: reality TV show looking for Norwegian-Americans      Cache   Translate Page      
Casting is underway for the 10th season of Alt for Norge, a reality TV show that sends 12 Norwegian-Americans to Norway to find their ancestral roots. It’s also a competition — the winner takes home $50,000. Ballardites have been contestants in past seasons of Alt for Norge (All for Norway) — Lars Phillips, Heidi Somes, […]
          #bulgaria - fx_gray_jacobs      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Satser to milliarder på å gjøre Rossignol og Dale til verdens største      Cache   Translate Page      
Nordmenn i oppkjøpsfondet Altor bruker to milliarder kroner på å gjøre Rossignol og Dale of Norway til verdens største vintersportsmerker. Nå flytter de klesproduksjon fra Kina til Norge.
          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro Aluminum - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro Aluminum - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 02:39:52 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 00:43:49 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          Wingsuit Flying Off The Troll Wall // Jokke’s Adventures, Part 1      Cache   Translate Page      

Experience Norway from Jokke Sommer’s POV as he takes us on an adventure to some of the most spectacular locations in Norway has to offer: wingsuit flying at The Troll Wall in The Romsdal Alps — the tallest vertical rock face in Europe, paragliding in beautiful Lofoten under the midnight sun, and BASE jumping on […]

The post Wingsuit Flying Off The Troll Wall // Jokke’s Adventures, Part 1 appeared first on TEEM.


          Norway to boost funds for geological surveys in Barents Sea      Cache   Translate Page      
Norway's government has proposed to increase funding to geological surveying with NOK 50 million ($6.04M).

...
          Community Librarian Norway House - University College of the North - Norway House, MB      Cache   Translate Page      
Under the mentorship of the Dean of Library and Instructional Services, the candidate will gain. Experience in all areas of Librarianship.... $22.75 - $25.94 an hour
From University College of the North - Sat, 06 Oct 2018 00:53:59 GMT - View all Norway House, MB jobs
          Skydiving: Wingsuit Flying Off The Troll Wall // Jokke’s Adventures, Part 1      Cache   Translate Page      
Experience Norway from Jokke Sommer’s POV as he takes us on an adventure to some of the most spectacular locations in Norway has to offer: wingsuit flying at The Troll Wall in The Romsdal Alps — the tallest vertical rock face in Europe, paragliding in beautiful Lofoten under the midnight sun, and...
          DIARY-Government Debt Auctions to Nov 30      Cache   Translate Page      
Federal Reserve Today in Washington. 10- Oct United States Sale of 3- year notes 10- Oct United States Sale of 10- year notes 10- Oct Germany Auction of 10- year Federal bonds 10- Oct Italy Bills auction 10- Oct Norway Auction Treasuries 11- Oct United States Sale of 30- year bond 11- Oct Italy Medium-long term auction 11- Oct Japan Auction of 30- year government...
          Review: Paul Greengrass' riveting '22 July' explores what it takes to overcome an act of pure evil      Cache   Translate Page      

“I’m fine.”

“I’m fine.”

“I’m fine.”

The protagonists of writer-director Paul Greengrass’ ambitious, somber and significant “22 July” constantly ask each other how they’re feeling and “I’m fine” is the inevitable answer. But it’s never true. How could it be?

For on that date in 2011, Norway was...


          Double Cross: 1 of 4: The True Story of the D-Day Spies by Ben Macintyre      Cache   Translate Page      
AUTHOR. (Photo:A dummy Sherman tank United States Army - http://www.psywarrior.com/DeceptionH.html An inflatable "dummy" M4 Sherman. Permission details This image is a work of a U.S. Army soldier or employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.View more Public Domainview terms File:DummyShermanTank.jpg Created: During World War II ) http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/contact http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/schedules Twitter: @BatchelorShow Double Cross: 1 of 4: The True Story of the D-Day Spies by Ben Macintyre [](https://www.amazon.com/Double-Cross-Story-D-Day-Spies/dp/0307888754/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=) [https://www.amazon.com/Double-Cross-Story-D-Day-Spies/dp/0307888754/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=](https://www.amazon.com/Double-Cross-Story-D-Day-Spies/dp/0307888754/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=) In Double Cross, New York Times bestselling author Ben Macintyre returns with the untold story of one of the greatest deceptions of World War II, and of the extraordinary spies who achieved it. On June 6, 1944, 150,000 Allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy and suffered an astonishingly low rate of casualties. D-Day was a stunning military accomplishment, but it was also a masterpiece of trickery. Operation Fortitude, which protected and enabled the invasion, and the Double Cross system, which specialized in turning German spies into double agents, deceived the Nazis into believing that the Allies would attack at Calais and Norway rather than Normandy. It was the most sophisticated and successful deception operation ever carried out, ensuring Allied victory at the most pivotal point in the war.  This epic event has never before been told from the perspective of the key individuals in the Double Cross system, until now. These include its director (a brilliant, urbane intelligence officer), a colorful assortment of MI5 handlers (as well as their counterparts in Nazi intelligence), and the five spies who formed Double Cross’s nucleus: a dashing Serbian playboy, a Polish fighter-pilot, a bisexual Peruvian party girl, a deeply eccentric Spaniard, and a volatile Frenchwoman. The D-Day spies were, without question, one of the oddest military units ever assembled, and their success depended on the delicate, dubious relationship between spy and spymaster, both German and British. Their enterprise was saved from catastrophe by a shadowy sixth spy whose heroic sacrifice is revealed here for the first time. With the same depth of research, eye for the absurd and masterful storytelling that have made Ben Macintyre an international bestseller, Double Cross is a captivating narrative of the spies who wove a web so intricate it ensnared Hitler’s army and carried thousands of D-Day troops across the Channel in safety.
          Husqvarna láncfűrész Akár 1ft! Nincs minimálár! KIÁRUSÍTÁS! Csak pár nap! - Jelenlegi ára: 5 611 Ft      Cache   Translate Page      
Eladó Husvarna láncfűrész
Típus: 1600EL
Működik, a lánc fut szépen, viszont láncolajzó valamiért nem nyom olajat. Komplett, ahogyan a képeken látható, tehát lánccal, vezetővel, védő burkolattal.  Szét nem szedtem és szervízben sem volt, a pontos hibáját nem tudom, ezért garanciát nem vállalok. Erős 1600 Wattos motor, automatikus kuplung, biztonsági fék, ergonómikus kialakítás. Pár használati nyom, és egy kisebb sérülés van a burkolaton (6. foto), de elektromosan rendben van. Profi Norvég minőség aki ismeri annak nem kell bemutatni.
Hálózati feszültség: 230 V
Teljesítmény: 1600 W
Vágáshossz 330 mm
Biztonsági fék
Made in Norway.
Így adom kompletten, ahogyan a képeken látható. A képek az eladó termékről készültek, retusálás nélkül.  
Minimálár nincs, a legmagasabb licit nyer. Licitáláskor kérem vegye figyelembe, hogy lejárati idő előtt nem zárok és licitet sem törlök.
A szállítás házhoz Vaterafutárral történhet, emellett PostaPontra valamint Foxpost vagy MPL csomagautomatába is kérheti a csomagot. Állapotára való tekintettel garancia, visszavét nincs. 25 ezer forint összérték feletti vásárlás esetén ingyenes szállítást biztosítok!
Nézze meg a többi hirdetésemet is, 1 Ft-ról, minimálár nélkül!
Erre a linkre kattintva feliratkozhat, hogy időben értesüljön, amikor új terméket töltök fel, ugyanígy 1 Ft-ról!
Husqvarna láncfűrész Akár 1ft! Nincs minimálár! KIÁRUSÍTÁS! Csak pár nap!
Jelenlegi ára: 5 611 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2018-10-16 19:25
          This dizzying labyrinth will host next year’s party for math’s ‘Nobel’ prize | Math - Science Magazine      Cache   Translate Page      
New maze mimics mathematical patterns in nature and the ancient world, inform Allyn Jackson, writer and editor specializing in mathematics.

Photo: Arne Ristesund
When mathematician Hans Munthe-Kaas of the University of Bergen in Norway was asked to help design a new botanical garden for his school, he had absolutely no idea what he could contribute. 

One year later, he has devised a wonder: a math-based labyrinth (above) that will feature in next year’s celebration for the winner of the Abel Prize.
Called the Archimedes Labyrinth, the maze occupies 800 square meters in Adiabata, a rain garden that takes its name from the adiabatic process that occurs when moist sea air is pushed over mountains.

To design the labyrinth, Munthe-Kaas started with spirals. He took particular inspiration from the Archimedes spiral, a curve that appears throughout the natural world, including in fiddlehead ferns. He next looked to the symmetrical, infinitely repeating, 2D patterns known as “wallpaper groups,” which can be seen in mosaics common in ancient and medieval buildings, like Spain’s Alhambra...

The walls of the maze are made of yew trees, including several potted yews that can be moved around to change the arrangement of the maze. And because the labyrinth is so close to the Bergen airport, the striking design can be seen from the air.
The unique garden, which opened last weekend, will host part of next year’s celebration for the Abel Prize, often called the “Nobel” of math. Visitors will be invited to solve a puzzle based on clues scattered throughout the maze.
Read more...

Source: Science Magazine

          ‘22 July’: a powerful dramatization on 2011 Norwegian massacre      Cache   Translate Page      

Paul Greengrass' film, shot like a documentary, explores several of the lives altered when right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik (played by a frightening Anders Danielsen Lie) went on a deadly rampage in Norway in 2011, killing 77. Rating: 3.5 stars out of 4.
          Google reveals updated Chromecast      Cache   Translate Page      
Google Chromecast 2018 official

Google announced a trio of new products on stage at its event today, but it also launched a fourth new device on the Google Store without much fanfare.

An updated version of the Google Chromecast is now available. This 2018 Chromecast boasts a refreshed design, 802.11ac Wi-Fi, 1080p video at 60fps, HDMI output, and microUSB for power. Google also touts that its new Chromecast has a 15 percent improvement in hardware speed.

Google also touts that the updated Chromecast offers Live Albums from Google Photos, a feature that'll get you a constantly updating stream of photos on your TV. Coming later this year is a feature that'll let you add Chromecast to speaker groups so that you can listen to music in sync throughout the house.

The 2018 Chromecast is $35 and is available in Chalk and Charcoal color options. It's launching today in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, Sweden, and the U.S. and will arrive in more countries in 2019.


          Session: Rise and Decline of the Third Reich:: A legendary 3R game - Part 16: Summer 1940 Allied Turn (Full Turn)      Cache   Translate Page      

by kostaskav

The allied gamble to finish off Germany:
The allied Anglo-French headquarters have now decided that the time has come to finish Germany off and all but end this game: There is clearly an opening: Even without air superiority, a 2-1 in Brussels is all but a guaranteed success, as the allies can sea transport units next to Brussels and can always guarantee enough of air support to DAS intercept the maximum 9AF that Germany can commit. The big question is how to take this a step further. The key the big victory is the survival of the surrounded French armor corps at N27. If it survives, the bulk of German forces in Belgium will be unsupplied and unable to threaten France next turn. There are even more grandiose plans drafted for a southern “pincer” that will result to a complete defeat of Wehrmacht. Of course all these are theoretical as the Germans have 20AF vs 18AF for the allies. In this situation the rule of thumb is that you don’t declare an offensive without air superiority. However the allies hope to deceive the Germans and force them to overcommit their DAS in one part of the front thus leaving openings in different parts of the front in order for the offensive to bear fruit. For example, if 9AF of DAS are committed to Brussels and the allies choose not to fully DAS intercept they may have enough forces available to DAS intercept elsewhere…The allies can always manage an 1-1 with a close to 50% chance of success in resupplying the isolated French armor even without ground support. The joint Anglo-French conference opts to shed 60BRP for a joint Western offensive that also has the advantage of finishing off Norway and getting this hassle out of the way…The drawback is that builds have to be kept to a minimum to prevent the threat of an Axis double turn that will mean the Fall of France or even worse…

Here is the situation in the West just before the allied offensive begins: Please note that there are 13FF in Bremen and 1FF in Kiel. This has corrected a “carryover error” from part 14. (See prior commentary)



What about the Soviets? Obviously they want to get rid of the Greek thorn on their side as soon as possible in order to concentrate in a potential German threat. They will opt for an offensive option.

Option Selections:

UK and France will take two offensive options in the West, while taking a joint attrition in the Med. USSR will declare an offensive in the Med and pass in all other fronts
New BRP levels are UK: 90(58), France: 65(32), USSR 108(47)
No voluntary destruction of units.

Movement of fleets:

Russians will not move any fleets. The UK and France announce the following fleet movements:

1) 18FF from Gibraltar to Plymouth (path as far from German interception as possible). UK will rearrange the counters from 9-8-2 to 9-9-1 (always allowed to do rearrangements to generate more 9FF counters)
2) 9FF from Brest to Calais

The Germans choose to intercept with 13FF from Bremen at Plymouth hex (11-20 range success with 1-4) and roll a 1 (successful).
The remaining French Atlantic fleet at Lorient chooses to intercept at L23 (1-10 range) and are also successful rolling a 3.
The situation just before resolution of naval battles is shown below:



The Franco German naval battle at L23 rolls a 5-3. There is an overall +3DRM for Germans (+2 for Nationality, +1 for size). This means that the French go to -1 overall, losing 1NF, while the Germans continue without a scratch towards intercepting the Royal Navy at Plymouth.
The German British naval battle at Plymouth rolls 2-6. The overall DRM is 0, as UK has +1 for Size and Germany +1 on Nationality DRM difference. Germans will lose 4FF and UK will lose 2FF, but the fleet movement will be successfully completed.
Here is the situation just after completion of the fleet movement:



Now, you may wonder why did the allies choose to move their fleets. Gibraltar fleets can do Sea Transport missions, as well as Plymouth fleets! There were two reasons: Having more UK fleets at home also allows SR to France and Gibraltar is essentially free of Seaborne invasion threats considering how decimated the German fleets are and with no Italy in the game. But -more importantly-the allied fleet movement aimed two lure the Germans into a naval battle so that the German fleets are unusable during the Axis turn and also for the remaining of the allied turn: There will be no more threat through the “capture an airport by an airdrop and SR a unit into Britain” trick, so barely any need for home defenses. Futhermore the naval battle gave more fragments that are useful as supply fleets. And there will be no interception of the massive allied Sea Transport Mission. The British Admiralty is high-fiving...
6FF will be designated as supply fleets from Scapa Flow to Bergen and Antwerp

Air and ground movements:

The Russians will move their eastern defenses closer to the front, worrying about some German surprise attack…
They will also move into Greek territory also occupying one Albanian hex and preparing to assault the Greek unit at CC27 with a likely exploitation to the DD27 hex next to Athens. They don’t try to commit more AF than the necessary 5 AF from Izmir, apparently intending to preserve their airbase counters for future use.
Here is the situation post movement in the Greek front:


The French move shows the Allied grand plans unfolding. Note the strategic position of the French armor at Metz! It is adjacent to both infantry stacks at P25 and Luxembourg. The isolated French armor at N27 can open the breakthrough by attacking either the Frankfurt 4-6 panzer corps or alternatively the Bonn infantry unit, thus forcing the Germans to split their DAS on two hexes. If the Germans fail to notice the danger the French armor at Metz can exploit deeply into the German rear essentially handing Hitler a humiliating defeat by the French in conjunction with some British progress in Belgium! This would be essentially a "game-over" situation for the beleaguered Germans…
The British do some inconsequential movements in Egypt, prepare to assault Oslo with 2X3-4 and 2AF from Bergen, and are also positioned to take Brussels. They will also displace the 2NF from Venice to Tobruk. Their attempt to intercept this Italian movement from Venice to Tobruk with 1NF from Gibraltar fails.
Here is the situation post-movement in the West:



It seems that the allies have “choked” at the most critical stage of this game committing some unimaginable blunders!
The positioning of the RAF trying to secure Brussels (or preserving the RAF for the Axis turn) rather than supporting the French offensive is hard to explain. The 2AF needed NOT be diverted to Norway, as a sea transported unit could do the job. Instead 15 AF of RAF should have been used to counterair the 15AF German superstack at Cologne/Essen so that it is not available during the German turn. The remaining 1AF should have been used on N26 to make the possible 1-1 attack there a 8 vs 6, while the 3 French AF should have been saved for possible DAS interception on Frankfurt or for defense purposes next turn. Now the Germans have only 5 AF left for DAS. If they wanted to secure Frankfurt they could still allocate 4AF on Frankfurt and 1AF on Bonn, but still the French have a chance to win the dogfight…
More importantly the Germans would have no AF left for their turn and Anglofrench cooperation rules favor joint attacking, while joint defending is much less effective.
Instead the allies try a deception tactic hoping the Germans will not allocate much DAS and then surprise them with ground attacks. For example if the Frankfurt or Bonn attacks 1-1 succeeded with AAC (Advance after combat) and either the French armor survived, or another one exploited from Metz, another 1-1 on Q26 could encircle more armors….

Overall map after movement:


Missions:


Russians:
1) 1AF (Izmir) CA 1AF on Athens. Greek AF is eliminated. Russian AF survives and returns to Izmir
2) 2AF (Izmir) of GS on CC27
3) 9FF Seaborne Invasion on CC26 from Istanbul carrying 1X3-5
4) 9FF Seaborne Invasion on CC26 from Izmir carrying 1X3-3

French:
1) 4FF ST 1 x 2-3 to Marseilles and No air missions
UK:
1) 2AF GS on Oslo
2) 6FF from Plymouth carrying a 1-3 ST on Antwerp.
3) 1FF from Plymouth joins 1FF from Scapa Flow and then 8FF from Cherbourg for ST to Antwerp carrying the 3-4 in Cherbourg. Fleet joins path of mission 2).

DAS and Interception decisions:
1) Germans commit 6AF (1AF from Wilhemshaven and 5AF from Leipzig) on Frankfurt.

DAS Interception decisions:
1) British commit 5AF from Antwerp for DAS interception on Frankfurt.

Here is the overall map showing all missions:

Pls note that there are a couple of small errors in the picture above.
1) Somehow it shows 1AF of Russian GS, not 2 as it should.
2) Somehow a 9FF from Scapa flow was accidentally picked up together with the other fragments. this needs to be ignored.



Here is the situation before DAS interception resolution in the West:


British roll a 3-5 losing the DAS interception and 3AF while 2AF get inverted in Antwerp. Germans lose 1AF from Leipzig and continue their DAS mission.

Here is the situation after conclusion of all missions and before ground combat roll resolution in the West:


And in the Med:


Overall map just before ground combat rolls. Note that the error in Russian GS has been corrected, but not the one with the wrongly picked up fleet from Scapa Flow.


Ground combat rolls:
USSR: 2x3-5 and 2AF of GS vs 2-3 Greek unit at CC27 8 vs 4 2:1. Roll is a D
UK: 2x3-4 and 2AF of GS in Oslo, 8 vs 4 2:1. Roll is EX-CA. Norway conquered
France: 2x2-3 from Luxembourg and 1 X 3-5 vs. Bonn 3-3 7 vs 6, 1:1. Roll is EX
France 4x2-3 vs 4-6 in Stuttgart 8 vs 8 1:1 Roll isD
UK 2 x 4-5 and 2 x 3-4 vs 1 x 3-3 in Brussels 14 vs 6 2:1 Roll is EX
There will be no exploitation movement
Ahead of exploitation combat, the Russians announce 2AF of GS from Izmir against DD27 in Greece

Here is the situation post Combat not including exploitation in the West:

And in the Med just before exploitation combat:

Exploitation combat (2X3-5 and 2AF vs 2-3(doubled) in Greece rolls an EX for the Russians.
There is no Med attrition roll for UK and France, as there are no units in contact anywhere.

Here is the Post combat phase overall situation: Note that there were some misallocation of prior files which German units did DAS and which were inverted. It is corrected now…


UNIT CONSTRUCTION:
USSR will spend 6 BRP for construction building the lost 3-5 during exploitation in Greece.
USSR BRP at 102 (35)
UK: 1x5-4, 4x3-4, 1replacement. A total of 28BRP. Down to 62(30)
France: 1x5-4, 1x3-5, 4x2-3, 3replacements. A total of 32BRP. Down to 33(0)
Overall map after builds and before SR phase: Note that I now corrected the accidentally picked up uncommited 9FF from Scapa Flow which are used for Sea Escort.


SR phase

France:
1) French Replacement to Venice
2) French rep to T25
3) 3AF from Metz to Q20
4) 2-3 from Marseilles to Metz
5) 4FF from Beirut to Lorient
UK:
1-4) 4X3-4 from UK mainland and Norway to O23 and P23 in France and to Rome using 4x9FF for Sea Escort
5) Rep to Portsmouth from J25
6) And 7) 3-4 and 1-4 AF to Rennes and Caen

Soviet Union
1) 1-3 from Rostov to L38
2) 2-3 from Rostov to BB27
3) 3-5 to Salonika
4+5) 2 x 3-3 1hex west from Salonika
6) 5 (2-3) to BB27
Here is the board post SR:


And at the end of turn after removal of unsupplied French 2-3 in Dieppe.

Western Allies end up with 95 BRP which is the exact same total as the Germans. They are guaranteed to maintain the initiative.


Summary:
The allies had objectively a bad turn, and not only in terms of rolls, but more importantly also in terms of strategy and tactics. Their grand plan was to “trick” the Germans to overcommit their AF but it backfired royally, as the Germans used exactly the minimum 5AF to spoil the allied grand plan. The French defense now has a notable weakness in the North, where the Germans can attack relentlessly solely on the French and ignore the British, while they still enjoy overwhelming air superiority. The allies should have air-attritioned the Germans and force them to commit as much DAS as possible but they failed to do so. With all their hopes pinned up on a coin-toss 1-1 attack, and no effective defense against the panzers the French now seem quite vulnerable. The airborne is not ZOCed, and from Wilhemshaven is a threat to both England and Paris. Norway was conquered by UK…but it did cost valuable BRPs…The Russians had some success in Greece, but with fall of France looking imminent, they better watch their back…Overall, it seems that the allies are ready to pay for their arrogance next turn. More to come, soon! Stay tuned!

          Aviva Endean - Cinder : Ember : Ashes [Sofa Music]      Cache   Translate Page      
Another fresh one to be released via Norway's Sofa Music is "Cinder : Ember : Ashes", the debut album by Melbourne-based composer and clarinet player Aviva Endean which is scheduled for October 19th, 2k18. Catering a menu of seven works over the course of 47 minutes the journey begins with "Burst In Black : Under", a naturalistic, yet rhythm-oriented, spiralling and hypnotic set of layered motif repetetions, "Apparition : Above" tells tales of lifelong isolation, despair and loneliness whereas "Vapour : Between" playfully meanders between the mystique and fascination of ancient melodies and seemingly digital undertones of increasing intensity whereas "Distant  Song : Afar" introduces soft, intimate tribalistic chants as the first appearance of Aviva Endean's vocals on her debut. With "Smoulder : Beneath" we see the Australian artist touch on genres like Jazz Noir / DarkJazz and a score'esque overall vibe, her "Undulations : Behind" brings on a lively, enchanted feel evoking memories of old fairytales and mysterious, buzzing, yet friendly creatures living hidden deep in the woods and the final "Ashes For Viv : Before" once again is on a hypnotizing tip, bringing on spiralling, tender repetitions and hints of Jazz within 188 seconds. Quite an interesting view on clarinet-based music for sure.

Album artwork on Instagram!
          Ten Best Places To Visit In Norway      Cache   Translate Page      
Certainly a good indicator for country that is unique in Scandinavia, let alone Europe, and is usually innovative

          UBA Foundation and Gavi Launch a New Partnership for Africa      Cache   Translate Page      


The UBA Foundation and Gavi will leverage the United Bank for Africa’s network and expertise to invest in Africa’s health system, starting with Nigeria.


Dr Seth Berkley, CEO of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance and Mr. Kennedy Uzoka, UBA Group CEO and Chairman of the UBA Foundation as they announce the partnership agreement between the two institutions towards strengthening health systems and raise awareness of immunisation across Africa, starting in 2018 with Nigeria

New York, 28 September 2018 - Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance and the UBA Foundation, the Corporate Social Responsibility arm of the United Bank for Africa Group, have joined together to strengthen health systems and raise awareness of immunisation across Africa, starting in 2018 with Nigeria.

“We are delighted to work with the UBA Foundation to help protect children across Nigeria against some of the world’s deadliest diseases,” said Dr Seth Berkley, CEO of Gavi the Vaccine Alliance. “Strong, sustainable health systems are key to ensuring no child misses out on lifesaving vaccines which is why this partnership will make a real difference, reducing child mortality and helping to meet the Sustainable Development Goals in 2030."

The partnership with the UBA Foundation aims to raise US$ 1.5 million over the next two years by leveraging UBA’s network of partners to support Gavi’s immunisation programmes in Nigeria. The UBA Foundation will also advocate for immunisation in Nigeria, which has one of the lowest vaccine coverage rates in the world.

“The United Bank for Africa and the UBA Foundation have been impacting lives positively in Nigeria and across the African continent for several decades, and this is another opportunity to make a difference in the lives of millions of Africans," said Kennedy Uzoka, UBA Group CEO and Chairman of the UBA Foundation. “We are proud of the partnership with Gavi which will run until the end of 2020, with both institutions focused on the overall aim to provide innovative solutions that can increase the capacity of healthcare systems in Nigeria and across Africa."

In the last five years over 14 million children in Nigeria have been vaccinated against some of the world’s deadliest diseases with support from Gavi. If Nigeria meets its targets for vaccine coverage, it will be able to prevent at least one million deaths by 2028.

"However, Nigeria needs to invest more domestic resources in health and immunisation,” said Dr Berkley. ”The private sector can be a crucial partner to help leverage expertise and provide new solutions to ensure children across Nigeria have the opportunity to lead long, healthy lives.”


ABOUT UBA FOUNDATION


United Bank for Africa (UBA), Africa’s global bank, is committed to being a socially responsible company and role model for all businesses in Africa. UBA recognises the need for a social contract between the bank, the community and its people. To this end, UBA became one of the first banks in Africa to institute a Foundation, the UBA Foundation. UBA Foundation has been impacting lives positively on the African continent for over a decade.

ABOUT Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance is supported by donor governments (Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, the People’s Republic of China, Principality of Monaco, Republic of Korea, Russia, South Africa, Spain, the State of Qatar, the Sultanate of Oman, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and United States), the European Commission, Alwaleed Philanthropies, the OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, as well as private and corporate partners (Absolute Return for Kids, Anglo American plc., The Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, China Merchants Group, Comic Relief, Deutsche Post DHL, the ELMA Vaccines and Immunization Foundation, Girl Effect, The International Federation of Pharmaceutical Wholesalers (IFPW), the Gulf Youth Alliance, JP Morgan, “la Caixa” Foundation, LDS Charities, Lions Clubs International Foundation, Majid Al Futtaim, Orange, Philips, Reckitt Benckiser, Unilever, UPS and Vodafone).

          Airdate: 22 July      Cache   Translate Page      
Netflix docudrama depicts the 2011 Norway attacks perpetrated by Anders Behring Breivik.
          Europe forecast: Rain in Spain - Fine in central Europe, Oct 09 - 06:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Rain in eastern Spain and the Balearics, fine in much of central Europe Tuesday Dry with sunshine in the north and west of Portugal and Spain but showers, perhaps locally heavy and thundery in the south and east will extend east across into the Balearics and towards Corsica and Sardinia. Spells of sunshine for Italy and the Adriatic and while a few showers will crop up they will be mostly light. Sunny spells for Greece and Turkey but with a scattering of light showers. Heavy, possibly thundery showers in the south of France but much of France, together with the Low Countries, Germany and Poland will be dry with a good deal of sunshine. Austria, Switzerland and other central parts, across to the Black Sea coast will be dry too, with a fair bit of sunshine. Breezy across Norway, Sweden and Finland with some rain at times but Denmark and the Baltic States will stay dry with hazy sunshine. Temperatures hold at the low to mid 20s in central and southern areas, locally a shade warmer in the south of Portugal, Spain and Turkey but becoming cooler further north and rather cold in Northern Scandinavia.

Wednesday A few showers over southern coasts of Spain and Portugal with rain into northwest Spain. Fair for most of Spain with lots of sunshine. Showery bursts of rain in the balearics. Unsettled with rain in Sardinia and Corsica. Italy will have a mix of sunshine and showers. fair for Greece with plenty of sunshine. Some showers affecting the south of Turkey. Rain and some cloud in France, heavy in the west. The Low Countries and Germany should be dry with good spells of sunshine. Staying fine in Austria and Hungary with more sunshine. Scattered showers over the southern Alps. Fine weather and breezy conditions for Denmark. Plenty of sunshine for the Baltic States and Finland. A fine day in Sweden with more sunshine. Scattered showers in northern Norway but good spells of sunshine in the south.


          The Escher String Quartet Opens Segerstrom Center's 18/19 Chamber Music Series      Cache   Translate Page      

Segerstrom Center for the Arts launches its 2018-2019 Chamber Series with the acclaimed Escher String Quartet on November 1, 2018 at 8:00 p.m. in Samueli Theater. Since its founding in 2005, the quartet has quickly garnered the reputation as one of the finest young string ensembles performing today. Their instrumental interplay, which combines technical precision with warmth and vitality, has reaped accolades nationally and abroad, and elicited invitations from Itzhak Perlman and Pinchas Zukerman to be the quartet-in-residence at their respective summer festivals. In a review, The Strad wrote, "...a level of individual technical precision and a collective musical purpose that is endlessly compelling ... Sheer brilliance." Quartet members include Adam Barnett-Hart and Danbi Um, violins; Pierre Lapointe, viola; and Brook Speltz, cello.

Single tickets start at $39 and are available now online at www.SCFTA.org, at the Box Office at 600 Town Center Drive in Costa Mesa or by calling (714) 556-2787. For inquiries about group ticket savings of 10 or more, please call the Group Services office at (714) 755-0236.

Segerstrom Center for the Arts applauds the Colburn Foundation for its support of the Chamber Music Series and its corporate partners including Kia Motors America, Official Automotive Partner; United Airlines, Official Airline; and Omaha Steaks International, Official Fine Food Retailer.

PROGRAM NOTES
Mozart: Quartet in F Major, K. 590
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's (1756-1791) Quartet in F Major marks the third of the composer's "Prussian" quartets, so named because they were commissioned by the King of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm II. The influence of Joseph Haydn can be seen in many of Mozart's works. Here in particular, the quartet's structure follows certain guidelines laid down by Haydn and expanded by Mozart: four movements with contrasting tempi and styles. In the first movement, Mozart creates a charming texture from an interrelated pattern of unison arpeggios and scales, before ending with a witty surprise as the music quietly vanishes. The second movement is reminiscent of siciliana, a dance form which is often pastoral and bittersweet. An unsettled quality comes in the third movement with long oscillating lines shifting harmonically, occasionally to the point of dissonance. The final movement is fun-loving and virtuosic with each instrument given a chance to burst out with a solo.

Britten: Quartet No. 1 in D Major, Op. 25
Benjamin Britten (1913-1976) originally received a commission from American patroness Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge to compose the String Quartet No. 1 in 1941. The finished quartet was first performed in Los Angeles in September of that year, earning the composer the Library of Congress Coolidge Medal for Eminent Services to Chamber Music. This quartet is remarkable for the sound-world Britten creates, the structure of its movements, the way themes reappear in different guises, and for its unexpected key relationships. The unusual sound-world is evident from the first instant of the beginning movement where the two violins and viola-set very high in their range-play a pulsing pattern. The trills and whistling runs of the second movement culminate in a violent end, with the third movement bringing a world of calm. Demanding virtuoso performers, the final movement is relentless, racing to its resounding close on a D-major chord.

Dvo?ák: Quartet in F Major, Op. 96 "American"
In the summer of 1893 Antonín Dvo?ák (1841-1904) took his family to Spillville, Iowa, for a vacation. It was there that he sketched the "American" quartet, a piece that would become the composer's most well-known chamber music composition. In this work, Dvo?ák combines elements of many cultures: Slavonic intonations, music of American Indians and African-Americans. A shimmering halo of sound opens the work and serves as the foundation for the viola's presentation of the folk-like main subject. The second movement, distinguished by the lyrical beauty of its melodic line is both calm and melancholy. The vivacious third movement is built from two contrasting strains of music: one lively and dance-like, the other more lyrical and mysterious. In a spirit of joyous optimism, the finale recalls the main theme.


BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

The Escher String Quartet has received acclaim for its expressive, nuanced performances that combine unusual textural clarity with a rich, blended sound. A former BBC New Generation Artist, the quartet has performed at the BBC Proms at Cadogan Hall and is a regular guest at Wigmore Hall. In its home town of New York, the ensemble serves as Season Artists of The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center (CMS), where it has presented the complete Zemlinsky Quartets Cycle as well as being one of five quartets chosen to collaborate in a complete presentation of Beethoven's string quartets. Last season, the quartet toured with CMS to China.

Within months of its inception in 2005, the ensemble came to the attention of key musical figures worldwide. Championed by the Emerson Quartet, the Escher Quartet was invited by both Pinchas Zukerman and Itzhak Perlman to be Quartet-in-Residence at each artist's summer festival: the Young Artists Program at Canada's National Arts Centre and the Perlman Chamber Music Program on Shelter Island, NY. The quartet has since collaborated with artists including David Finckel, Leon Fleischer, Wu Han, Lynn Harrell, Cho Liang Lin, Joshua Bell, Paul Watkins and David Shifrin, as well as jazz saxophonist Joshua Redman, vocalist Kurt Elling, legendary Latin artist Paquito D'Rivera and Grammy Award-winning guitarist Jason Vieaux. In 2013, the quartet became one of the very few chamber ensembles to be awarded the prestigious Avery Fisher Career Grant.

The Escher Quartet has made a distinctive impression throughout Europe, performing at venues such as Amsterdam Concertgebouw, Berlin Konzerthaus, London's Kings Place, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Slovenian Philharmonic Hall, Auditorium du Louvre and Les Grand Interprètes series in Geneva. With a strong collaborative approach, the group has appeared at festivals such as Heidelberg Spring Festival, Incontri in Terra di Siena Festival, Dublin's Great Music in Irish Houses, Risør Chamber Music Festival in Norway, Hong Kong International Chamber Music Festival and Perth International Arts Festival in Australia.

The current season sees another extensive European tour, including debuts at Musik und Kunstfreunde Heidelberg, de Singel Antwerp, Budapest's kamara.hu festival and Bath Mozarfest. Alongside its growing success in Europe, the Escher Quartet continues to flourish in its home country, performing at Alice Tully Hall in New York, Kennedy Center in Washington DC, Chamber Music San Francisco, and the Ravinia, Caramoor and Music@Menlo festivals.

Currently Quartet-in-Residence at Southern Methodist University in Dallas and Tuesday Musical Association in Akron, the quartet fervently supports the education of young musicians and has given masterclasses at institutions such as the Royal Academy of Music in London and Campos do Jordão Music Festival in Brazil.

In Autumn 2016, the quartet released the third and final volume of the complete Mendelssohn Quartets on the BIS label. The set has been received with the highest critical acclaim; Volume II was listed in the Top 10 CDs of 2016 by The Guardian and hailed for its "sheer finesse" by Gramophone, while Volume III was nominated for a BBC Music Magazine Award. The quartet has also recorded the complete Zemlinsky String Quartets in two volumes, released on the Naxos label in 2013 and 2014 respectively, to accolades including five stars in The Guardian with "Classical CD of the Year", a Recommendation in The Strad, "Recording of the Month" on MusicWeb International and a nomination for a BBC Music Magazine Award.

The Escher Quartet takes its name from the Dutch graphic artist M.C. Escher, inspired by Escher's method of interplay between individual components working together to form a whole.

Segerstrom Center for the Arts is an acclaimed arts institution as well as a beautiful multi-disciplinary cultural campus. It is committed to supporting artistic excellence, offering unsurpassed experiences and to engaging the entire community in new and exciting ways through the unique power of live performance and a diverse array of inspiring arts-based education and community engagement programs. Previously called the Orange County Performing Arts Center, Segerstrom Center is Orange County's largest non-profit arts organization. In addition to its six performance venues, Segerstrom Center is also home to the American Ballet Theatre William J. Gillespie School.

The Center presents a broad range of programming for audiences of all ages, including international ballet and dance, national tours of top Broadway shows, jazz and cabaret, contemporary artists, classical music performed by renowned chamber orchestras and ensembles, family-friendly programming, free performances open to the public from outdoor movie screenings to dancing on the plaza and many other special events.

Segerstrom Center is a leader among the nation's performing arts centers for providing education programs designed to inspire young people through the arts. The Center's programs reach hundreds of thousands of students each year in five Southern California counties. Community engagement programs developed through the Center for Dance and Innovation and Center Without Boundaries also connect the Center more comprehensively with Orange County's many diverse communities. The CDI supports flagship artistic programming and a wide range of projects that celebrate innovation, nurture creativity and engage audiences of the future. It is home to the ABT Gillespie School and the School of Dance and Music for Children with Disabilities. The Center Without Boundaries develops partnerships with non-cultural organizations to help them in their own efforts to respond to the ever-changing needs of the community.

Segerstrom Center for the Arts is also proud to serve as the artistic home to three of the region's major performing arts organizations: Pacific Symphony, Philharmonic Society of Orange County and Pacific Chorale, who contribute greatly to the artistic life of the region with annual seasons performed at Segerstrom Center for the Arts.
In addition to Segerstrom Center for the Arts as a presenting and producing institution, it also identifies the beautiful 14-acre campus that embraces the Center's own facilities as well as two independently acclaimed organizations: Tony Award-winning South Coast Repertory and a site designated as the future home of the Orange County Museum of Art.


ESCHER STRING QUARTET
Segerstrom Center for the Arts - Samueli Theater
615 Town Center Drive, Costa Mesa, CA

Thursday, November 1, 2018 at 8:00pm

Program:
Mozart: Quartet in F Major, K.590
Britten: Quartet No. 1 in D Major, Op. 25
Dvo?ák: Quartet in F Major, Op. 96 "American"


Tickets - Start at $39
In person - The Box Office
600 Town Center Drive
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Open 10 a.m. - 6 p.m. daily
Online - SCFTA.org
Phone - (714) 556-2787
Open 10 a.m. - 6 p.m. daily
Group Sales - (714) 755-0236
Open 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday-Friday

Segerstrom Center's 2018-2019 Chamber Music Series continues with the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center (January 22, 2019), Takács Quartet (February 28, 2019), Fauré Quartett (March 19, 2019), Third Coast Percussion (April 5, 2019), and Emerson String Quartet - Shostakovich and the Black Monk: A Russian Fantasy (May 14, 2019).

Information provided is accurate at the time of printing but is subject to change. Segerstrom Center for the Arts is a public, non-profit organization. "Segerstrom Center for the Arts" is a registered trademark.


          Norway Plans Higher Taxes For Long-Haul Flights      Cache   Translate Page      
Norway’s government plans to increase its levy on flights headed outside Europe and cut them for flights within the region as part of broader plans to use taxation to combat climate change.

read more


          Utoya on screen: How two film directors tackled the same tragedy      Cache   Translate Page      
How successful are two new films that take different approaches to Norway's deadliest terror attack?
          #bulgaria - dpark426      Cache   Translate Page      
#poland #germany #germanygirl #greece #uk #ukraine #usa #goodmorningamerica #foodnetwork #spain #hungary #swedengirl #france #tokyo #japan #denmark #slovakia #slovenia #uruguay #finland #iceland #ireland #dublin #bulgaria #norway
          #bulgaria - dpark426      Cache   Translate Page      
#poland #germany #germanygirl #greece #uk #ukraine #usa #goodmorningamerica #foodnetwork #spain #hungary #swedengirl #france #tokyo #japan #denmark #slovakia #slovenia #uruguay #finland #iceland #ireland #dublin #bulgaria #norway
          #bulgaria - dpark426      Cache   Translate Page      
#poland #germany #germanygirl #greece #uk #ukraine #usa #goodmorningamerica #foodnetwork #spain #hungary #swedengirl #france #tokyo #japan #denmark #slovakia #slovenia #uruguay #finland #iceland #ireland #dublin #bulgaria #norway
          The Hobo Guide to Wild Camping in Europe      Cache   Translate Page      

I’m camping in Europe at the moment. Pitching my tent at rest stops, in the mountains and inconspicuously behind bushes on private land. I’m camping because there are some day hikes I can’t bear to leave after only a few hours. I want to wake up in the fog and sleep amongst all the creatures that explore the land at night. I’m also doing it to stretch the little money I flew to Europe with.

Each country has its own laws when it comes to wild camping. Here’s a list, but please do your own research if you’re really concerned.

Wild camping is legal in: Sweden, Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bosnia, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Slovakia, Turkey, Ukraine, Scotland

Wild camping is a bit of a grey area in: France, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech, Hungary, Moldova, Netherlands, Romania, Serbia, Switzerland

Wild camping is totally illegal in: Italy, Aldorra, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain (they’re really complicated), England, Wales

However, if you’re setting up shop just to rest your head for the night, camping is generally permissible. Pitch at dark and leave in the morning and nobody’s going to bat an eyelid, especially if you’re out of sight. How many times do you drive on a highway or pass a mountain and look for a tent? Worst case scenario: plead ignorance. You’re a tourist.

Here are my packing essentials:

1. A tent

If you’re heading over in summer, you can probably get away with a festival tent, especially if you’ve got some cash in the bank to splurge on accommodation when there’s a stormy night. I use a lightweight two-person Vango Bravo 200, because I need something I can carry on my back with the rest of my stuff that can also accommodate a mate, should I meet one on my journey.

If you’re wild camping, especially in places where wild camping is considered illegal or a grey area, maybe invest in something a little more inconspicuous than the blue one I’ve gone for. You can spot that baby from a mile away.

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          From Listener To Entrepreneur      Cache   Translate Page      
Today’s guest, joining us today on the Join Up Dots entrepreneur podcast interview is a man who last appeared on the show back in 2017  when he connected with us after being a listener for awhile. Back then he was trying to find his way to becoming the master of his own future, creating his own business, and finding clients. He wanted his own business more than anything and had several ideas as to businesses he potentially had the skills for. Well since that conversation he has started his business Cassus Media back in August 2017, and officially left his last employer in January 2018 to strike out on his own as an entrepreneur. Cassus Media is a digital marketing solutions agency, originally launched with the idea of creating marketing videos which has now expanded into full-service organic social media and pay per click management services for small to mid-size businesses. He has worked with clients from around the United States and even the world in just the short time he's been in business, most notably from Norway, Sicily, and Ethiopia. Now the entrepreneurial journey is not easy for sure, and he has gone through some very difficult challenges with his career, not least being discharged from the military abruptly after making some mistakes caused by traumatic events in his teenage years, of which he's now overcome and is thriving, and becoming recently single. He also has ploughed into the life of not knowing if his efforts will come to anything, but being excited by where he is heading, in his words "The sky is the limit in the coming years" So what was the hardest part of taking the leap and becoming his own boss? And is the true battle one with the outside world of actually within his own head? Well let’s find out as we bring onto the show to start joining up dots with the one and only Paul Cassarly Show Highlights During the entrepreneur podcast show we had deep hitting conversations with Paul Cassarly around subjects such as: Paul shares how he created his first business without clearly defining the needs of his customer and how to service them. We discuss why it is a bad thing to put all your eggs into one basket, and the reasons why you have to diversify your offerings. Why the coaching business is such an amazing way to create a quick business, due to the personal interaction that you can get. And lastly........ Why niche, niche, niche until you become the category of one is the easiest way for business success.
          Prepectoral Hammock and Direct-to-implant Breast Reconstruction in 10 Minutes: A Focus on Technique      Cache   Translate Page      
Background: Breast animation deformity has sparked a reappraisal of the prepectoral implant placement in breast reconstruction. Our approach for direct-to-implant breast reconstruction (DIR) has evolved from a dual plane muscle/mesh coverage to a simple prepectoral hammock covering just the inferolateral part of the implant without the muscle. The aim of this study was to test the procedure in a prospective case series with emphasis on reconstructive outcome. Methods: Twenty-seven patients undergoing nipple- or skin-sparing mastectomy without subsequent radiation therapy requesting a primary implant-based reconstruction were included from May 2016 to April 2017. Median age was 46 years (25–67). We registered comorbidities, complications, and long-term results of successful or failed reconstruction. Results: Forty-seven DIR in 27 women, 20 bilateral, 7 unilateral. The median body mass index was 24 (17–31). The median time for mastectomy and DIR was 103 minutes (60–150). The inferolateral hammock consisted of Meso Biomatrix (34), Strattice (11), and Vicryl (2). The median implant size was 260 cc (140–345). Four complications (14%), 2 hematomas, 1 seroma, and 1 infection with partial nipple necrosis were all salvaged and reconstruction completed successfully. The median follow-up was 11 months (7–17). Conclusion: The prepectoral inferolateral hammock, a swift one-stage procedure with a quick recovery, creates promising results in the presence of an adequate skin flap. The simplicity of the method has made it the authors first choice for DIR. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. Published online 2 October 2018. Received for publication April 30, 2018; accepted July 13, 2018. Disclosure: The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article. The Article Processing Charge was paid for by the authors’ institutions. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Clickable URL citations appear in the text. Gudjon L. Gunnarsson, MD, Department of Plastic Surgery, Telemark Hospital, Address Borgemarka 65, 3711 Norway, E-mail: gudjonleifur@yahoo.com Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. All rights reserved.
          Lysebotn, Norway: Current weather: Overcast      Cache   Translate Page      
Image: https://www.blincmagazine.com//cdn.worldweatheronline.net/images/wsymbols01_png_64/wsymbol_0004_black_low_cloud.png *Temp: *13°c (55°f) *Wind: *SSW at 12 mph (19 kmph) More... (https://www.worldweatheronline.com/weather.aspx?q=Lysebotn, Norway) by Weather Lysebotn Norway
          Nordic Aquafarms' Claims of 'Sustainably Produced' Farmed Salmon for a Hungry World Don't Hold Up      Cache   Translate Page      

The developers of today’s salmon aquaculture often claim that their industry is “sustainable.” In response to concerns regarding the dangers of open-net salmon pens—where feces, chemicals, parasites and disease are directly transmitted into the bodies of water in which they are located—certain companies are moving their salmon farms on land to “closed-containment” models.

But are these farmed Atlantic salmon any more nutritious or sustainable than farmed land-animals? Is salmon farming really helping to feed a hungry world?

Nordic Aquafarms (NAF), a Norway-based company that proposes to build a mega-sized closed-containment salmon farm in Maine, claims that “the world has a growing need for protein sources produced in a sustainable way” and that “farmed Atlantic salmon has proven to be a more sustainable product than most other comparable protein sources."


          Nona Hendryx Live, '22 July,' New York City Opera History       Cache   Translate Page      

 

Nona Hendryx, an American vocalist, record producer, songwriter, musician, author, and actor, joins us to discuss her upcoming performances. On October 20, Hendryx will perform at the Apollo Theater for Say It Loud: I'm Black And I'm Proud At 50! This performance celebrates James Brown and the 50th anniversary of his anthem. In addition, on October 27, Hendryx will perform "Refrigerated Dreams: A Work-In-Progress by Nona Hendryx, Niegel Smith, Carrie Mae Weems & Francesca Harper" at Joe’s Pub at The Public Theater. She is the inaugural recipient of The Vanguard Residency and Award and her work, Refrigerated Dreams, is an immersive multimedia installation and concert that transforms Joe’s Pub into a dinner party with a twist.


Director Paul Greengrass joins us to discuss his new film, "22 July." The film is a three-part story of Norway's worst terrorist attack in which over seventy people were killed. "22 July" looks at the disaster itself, the survivors, Norway's political system and the lawyers who worked on this horrific case.

 

Wall Street Journal opera critic, Heidi Waleson, joins us to discuss her new book, Mad Scenes and Exit Arias: The Death of the New York City Opera and the Future of Opera in America. Waleson explores the history of the New York City Opera, also known as “the People’s Opera,” which closed its doors in 2013. She recounts the history of this scrappy company and reveals how, from the beginning, it precariously balanced an ambitious artistic program on fragile financial supports.


          Worldview: Scandinavia’s embrace of NATO in the face of the Russian threat      Cache   Translate Page      
The continental Scandinavian countries — Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland — are, at the same time, inextricably connected to and isolated from the Eurasian continent. While they directly border two historic expansionist great powers in Germany and Russia, their harsh terrain and natural defenses segregated them from Europe and, with the notable exception of Finland, prevented them from being subjugated […]
          Comment on “London is more Islamic than many Muslim countries put together” by joanofark06      Cache   Translate Page      
That's what you think? Dang, that means all of these countries did the same thing: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Britain, Brussels, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,, Greece, Holland, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland... Let's try to rethink that, shall we?
          Norway-Sandvika: Electricity      Cache   Translate Page      
Bærum kommune 935 478 715 Postboks 700 Sandvika 1304 Tor S. Mehus tor.mehus@baerum.kommune.no https://www.baerum.kommune.no/ https://kgv.doffin.no/ctm/Company/CompanyInformation/Index/2151 Asker kommune Asker post@asker.kommuen.no https://www.asker.kommune.no/ Røyken kommune Røyken postmottak@royken.kommune.no https://www.royken.kommune.no/ Hurum kommune Sætre postmottak@hurum.kommune.no http://www.hurum.kommune.no/ Nedre Eiker kommune Mjøndalen post@nedre-eiker.kommune.no https://www.nedre-eiker.kommune.no/ Svelvik kommune Svelvik postmottak@svelvik.kommune.no https://www.svelvik.kommune.no/ Drammen Eiendom KF Drammen drammen.eiendom.kf@drmk.no https://www.drammen.kommune.no/kommunale-foretak/drammen-eiendom-kf/drammen-eiendom-kf/ Portfolio management and electricity — invitation to dialogue 18/22252 Invitation to dialogue prior to the announcement of a competition for the procurement of portfolio management and electricity for Asker, Hurum, Røyken, Nedre Eiker, Svelvik and Bærum municipalities and Drammen Eiendom KF. 1200000000.00 Asker, Hurum, Røyken, Drammen, Nedre Eiker, Svelvik and Bærum The contracting authority plans to announce a competition for the procurement of portfolio management and electricity. The assignment will include the following services: — Portfolio Management: —— risk management, —— financial price hedging, —— management, consulting services and analysis, —— delivery of electricity with guarantee of origin, —— electrical certificates, —— reporting, — settlement services — power and grid hire, — administrative services connected to the facility and delivery. The contracting authority is in the planning phase of the procurement and wants to get input regarding the services that should be requested, design of the requirement specification and the competition that shall be implemented. The procurement will be implemented as a subsequent process in accordance with the Public Procurement Act and the Public Procurement Regulations. Municipality merger: Asker, Hurum and Røyken municipalities will merge to become the new Asker municipality from 1.1.2020. Nedre Eiker, Svelvik and Drammen municipalities will merge to become to the new Drammen municipality from the same date. The contracts signed will transfer to the new municipalities. INPUT IN WRITING We invite suppliers to submit input in the form of written feedback on the following questions: 1) Do you have any input regarding what services we should request and what requirements we should set for these? 2) Have there been changes in the market since 2015 that we should be aware of? 3) Do you have any input regarding how the services should be priced? 4) Do you have input regarding what award criteria should be set and how they should be designed? 5) Do you have any other input? SUBMISSION OF WRITTEN INPUT Send input via email by 19.9.2018 [19 September 2018], 16:00 to tor.mehus@baerum.kommune.no. We request that the service provider's email states whether they want to participate in one to one meetings between the service provider and the contracting authority. Only service providers who have given written input will be invited to one to one meetings. ONE-ON-ONE MEETINGS At the one to one meetings the service provider will have the opportunity to expand on their input. Each service provider will be allocated 45 minutes. The meetings are planned to be held 24.9.2018 and 25.9.2018. 2019-01-01 2018-09-10
          Utoya on screen: How two film directors tackled the same tragedy      Cache   Translate Page      
How successful are two new films that take different approaches to Norway's deadliest terror attack?
          Please confirm “CIGALA” translation/definition      Cache   Translate Page      
I am compiling a book of Victorian ghost stories (yes, another one), and hit what I think is a typesetter's error. Here is quote of the paragraph (direct from the pdf of original magazine publication): The sun beat fiercely on the Tuscan landscape; […] Dust, drought, and sultry silence, broken only by the *cigala’s* tiny chirp, prevailed over all the landscape. Online translator Reverso gives me Norway lobster, crayfish, prawn, and langoustine. Definitely watery, not dusty droughty hillsides... My personal feeling is that the word should be *cicada*. Can anyone give me some feedback?
          AFRICA Crowned J/70 World Champion!      Cache   Translate Page      
J/70 Africa wins J/70 Worlds(Marblehead, MA)- The 2018 edition of the J/70 World Championship, sponsored by WEST MARINE, was hosted by Eastern YC in Marblehead, MA for a fleet of ninety-one teams from around the world. It was the most unprecedented assemblage of world-class talent ever gathered together in a single one-design regatta in history- keelboat or dinghy. Teams traveled thousands of miles, from as far away as Australia, Germany, Mexico, Canada, Italy, Great Britain, Japan, Monaco, Russia, Spain, Norway, Switzerland, Sweden and Turkey. Plus, J/70 competed from all over South America including; Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay.

After an eleven-race series that was cut short by a no-wind finale on Saturday, it was local “home-boy” rock-star Juddie Smith that was crowned the 2018 J/70 World Champion with his incredibly capable crew on AFRICA- Lucas Calabrese (main/ tactician), Will Felder and Marc Gauthier. There’s was not an easy win by any stretch of the imagination, considering that they averaged 10.5 pts per race over 10 races counted, never won a race, had only four top 10 finishes in 11 races, and included a tally of 14-11-22-15-13-35 in their scoreline.  In fact, their win was determined by the outcome of the final race on Friday, when their 10th was enough to eke out a 1 pt victory over Bruno Pasquinelli’s STAMPEDE crew (Max Skelley, Eric Doyle, & Nathan Wilmot) that took a 7th and just 3 pts above Jack Franco’s crew on 3 BALL JT (Bill Hardesty, Lior Lavie, & Al Terhune) that took an 8th!!

J70s sailing WorldsHow deep and talented was the fleet? Well, Paul Goodison from the United Kingdom sailed as main/tactics on Vincenzo Onorato’s MASCALZONE LATINO team (Paul is an Olympic Gold Medallist in Lasers and 2x Moth World Champion) that included fellow top pro’s like Flavio Favini from Italy. After the first day, they had two 1sts and a 13th- just one point off the lead. However, from there on end, their “flash-in-the-pan”, near “runaway shopping trolley” went out of control, never garnering much above the mid-thirties and remaining the only boat in the fleet with two bullets!  Nevertheless, that merely earned them an 18th place… 

The same held true for many other deeply-talented teams in the incredibly competitive fleet. Consider the tale of the two famous Wilmot brothers from Australia- Nathan and Jeremy.  One finished second sailing on Bruno Pasquinelli’s STAMPEDE, the other finished 16th sailing on the Troutman’s PIED PIPER.

J70s sailing WorldsThen again, other past J/World Champions and famous team-pairings faired not much better. Tim Healy and John Mollicone’s NEW ENGLAND ROPES USA 2 managed a 9th place (first J/70 Worlds 2014, 4x J/24 World Champs). Glenn Darden and Jonathan McKee’s HOSS were 14th (J/80 World Champ, J/105 NA Champ, and Olympic Gold Medallist). Peter Cunningham and Chris Rast’s POWERPLAY were 17th (Chris was multiple Farr 30 and M24 World Champs). Doug Clark and Geoff Becker’s POLAR were 19th (Geoff is Lighting World Champ).  Joel Ronning and John Kostecki’s CATAPULT settled for 20th (J/70 World Champions and J/24 World Champ). John Brim and Taylor Canfield’s RIMETTE were 22nd (Offshore Storm Trysail Club Champ, 3x Match Racing World Champ, 2x Congressional Cup Champ). And, the list goes on….

For the third year in a row, it was top Italian woman sailor Claudia Rossi on PETITE TERRIBLE that won the top Women’s Skipper Trophy for the Worlds- the Helen Johnstone Memorial Award.

J70s sailing Worlds sunsetThe winners of the Corinthian Division were Luis Bagallo’s MARNATURA from Spain, with crew of Enrique Freire Faria, Gerardo Prego Menor, Alberto Basadre Lopez, and Jorge Lorenzo Roman.  Second was Jim Cunningham’s American crew on LIFTED (Mikee Anderson-Mittering, Jon Ziskind, and Dave Hochart), and third was Aldo Centaro’s PURA JODA from Punta del Este, Uruguay (Bruno Centaro, Marco Centaro, and Mauro Leite).

Some interesting facts on fleet depth for 91 boats total:
  • How many boats had top 3 podium finishes? 21 total (23%), lowest finisher was 62nd
  • How many boats had top 5 finishes?  30 total (33%), lowest finisher was 62nd
  • How many boats had top 10 finishes? 41 total (45%), lowest finisher was 62nd
Sailing photo credits- Allen Clarke- PHOTOBOAT.COM and Sharon Green- UltimateSailing.com and Tim Wilkes- TimWilkes.com.  For more J/70 World Championship sailing informationAdd to Flipboard Magazine.

          Norwegian government to raise taxes on long-haul flights       Cache   Translate Page      
Norway’s government plans to increase the tax on flights to destinations outside Europe and cut them for flights within the region as part of broader plans to use taxation to combat climate change.

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          Norway-Kjeller: Relocation services      Cache   Translate Page      
Forsvaret v/Forsvarets logistikkorganisasjon 988517860 Fetveien 80-84 Kjeller 2007 Frederic Bødtker bsejersted@mil.no https://permalink.mercell.com/92556383.aspx 2017033932 — Relocation services for the Defence Sector — Abroad 2017033932 The deadline to provide input (hearing deadline) is 17.10.2018, 12:00. The aim of this hearing draft is to consult with the market on how a competition ought to be carried out and the appropriate way to formulate the tender documentation. In this hearing round, interested suppliers will be given the opportunity to comment on extracts from the provisional tender documentation. At this current point in time, the Contracting Authority does not want prices or an account of what the supplier can offer the contracting authority, but only general advice for how the tender documentation will be created. 65600000.00 Norway — Europe/USA The deadline to provide input (hearing deadline) is 17.10.2018, 12:00. The aim of the procurement is to ensure removal services for the Contracting Authority´s employees. The service includes removal services for the Contracting Authority´s employees´ household goods and chattels from house to house. This contract will cover the Contracting Authority's international need for relocation services. The contract will only apply to the regions in the world where the Contracting Authority has the greatest need, i.e. Europe and USA. The procurement is anticipated to have a combined value of 65.6 million NOK. 2018-11-15 2018-10-04
          Review: Paul Greengrass' riveting '22 July' explores what it takes to overcome an act of pure evil      Cache   Translate Page      

“I’m fine.”

“I’m fine.”

“I’m fine.”

The protagonists of writer-director Paul Greengrass’ ambitious, somber and significant “22 July” constantly ask each other how they’re feeling and “I’m fine” is the inevitable answer. But it’s never true. How could it be?

For on that date in 2011, Norway was...


          Australia Has a Plan to Keep Immigrants Out of Its Largest Cities      Cache   Translate Page      

Immigrants to Australia will soon find themselves excluded from Sydney and Melbourne, the country’s two largest cities. Instead, new arrivals will be confined to rural, low-growth parts of the country—or so the government intends.

The proposal is part of “a decentralization agenda” announced by the country’s population and urban infrastructure minister on Tuesday. “Nearly all of the growth in Australia is into the three population centers of Melbourne, Sydney and Southeast Queensland. And that’s putting enormous pressure on Melbourne and Sydney particularly, and we see that in the congestion on the roads every day,” Alan Tudge told an Australian TV program.

Australia has been widely criticized for its treatment of asylum seekers and refugees, but it settled the secondmost refugees per capita in 2017, after Canada and Norway. Now the government wants to use migration policy to limit population growth in Sydney and Melbourne, each of which counts more than 4.5 million residents and has grown by more than 10 percent over the past five years. Three in four new arrivals in Australia settle in one of the three areas that would be off-limits to new migrants not sponsored by employers or reuniting with family.

These issues—bursting cities, uneven migration patterns—are not unique to Australia. China has sought to restrict domestic migration to Beijing and Shanghai, citing “big city diseases” like pollution, traffic, and competition for schools, apartments and medical services. In Canada, where immigrants have long clustered in just a couple of cities, province-based visas, meant to draw arrivals to lesser populated places like New Brunswick, now account for one in five immigrants.

In the U.S., virtually none of the country’s largest cities would have added population in the last few decades without immigrants. But the impact of new arrivals is felt in rural areas too: the majority of non-metropolitan population growth between 1990 and 2010 came from Hispanic migrants. The connection between immigrants and economic growth is complicated, but various politicians have floated the idea of revitalizing depopulated areas through immigration. Why not let Syrians settle Detroit? Or Fremont, Nebraska?

In the U.S., at least, where unfettered interstate travel is sacred, plans like Australia’s can provoke unease—even when they are framed, as they usually are, as bonus lotteries to offer green cards to those who wouldn’t otherwise have them. Shouldn’t new Americans be entitled to the same rights as everyone else, including the freedom to move? Why wouldn’t immigrants want to move to the same opportunities sought by native-born Americans? Then again, others point out, employer-sponsored visas like HB-1s already essentially constitute place-based immigration.

Some economists argue confining migrants to low-growth areas doesn’t make sense: Immigrants (and natives) should move to fast-growing regions with high-paying jobs, and those places should provide enough housing and transportation to accommodate them. (Even high-cost cities like New York continue to draw newcomers.) Cities, the thinking goes, function best at scale, strengthened by the increasing potential interactions between people and jobs. That’s little consolation for regions with little population growth, some of whom will pay you to move there.

In the same way that the U.S. helps settle refugees but doesn’t restrict their movement, Canada doesn’t actually make regionally-sponsored visa recipients stay put. In Australia, Roman Quaedvlieg, the former head of the country’s border police, argued that enforcing the new provision would be nearly impossible.

The Australian government hasn’t announced yet how to make sure new immigrants don’t do what immigrants have done for centuries the world over: Move to the big city.


          Fast Europe Open: UK GDP, Norway inflation      Cache   Translate Page      
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          10/10/2018: AEC: Five firms acquire bid papers for third telco      Cache   Translate Page      
NORWAY’S largest telco, two businessmen and an Ilocos politician are among those that acquired bid documents yesterday as the Philippine government formally opened the selection process for its third telco initiative. NTC Gamaliel Cordoba told...
          Sommario Europeo: Warm, fine east - Showers in west, 10 Ott - 06:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Showers in western Europe, warm and dry to the east Wednesday A few showers over southern coasts of Spain and Portugal with rain into northwest Spain. Fair for most of Spain with lots of sunshine. Showery bursts of rain in the balearics. Unsettled with rain in Sardinia and Corsica. Italy will have a mix of sunshine and showers. fair for Greece with plenty of sunshine. Some showers affecting the south of Turkey. Rain and some cloud in France, heavy in the west. The Low Countries and Germany should be dry with good spells of sunshine. Staying fine in Austria and Hungary with more sunshine. Scattered showers over the southern Alps. Fine weather and breezy conditions for Denmark. Plenty of sunshine for the Baltic States and Finland. A fine day in Sweden with more sunshine. Scattered showers in northern Norway but good spells of sunshine in the south.

Thursday Soe cloud in southern parts of Spain but rain and cloud to the north. Some showers in the central mediterranean Islands and these affecting northern Italy too. Southern Italy should be dry with sunny spells. Greece will be fair with more sunshine to come here. Turkey will have heavy showers and thunderstorms. Rain afecting central and western parts of France while the east is likely to be dry. The Low Countries and Germany as well as Poland will be dry with lots of sunshine. Austria and Hungary should be dry and sunny although some rain in parts of southern Switzerland. Breezy with sunshine and warm weather in Denmark. More sunshine to come over the Baltic States and Finland and staying warm. More warm weather in Sweden with Norway also being dry and breezy as well as warm.


          Oldeelva River, Norway      Cache   Translate Page      
Part of Oldeelva river:- Before we reached Lake Floen on our walk up from Olden we came to a bridge over the River Oldeelva just where it spills over a falls. The river is quite fast moving here. Worth a video or two I thought:- From over the bridge:- Both of those were shot looking […]
          Olden Church, Olden, Norway      Cache   Translate Page      
After our stroll through Olden village we walked the road up past the new Olden Church – an older church building is in the centre of the village – in search of the lake we had been told wasn’t far away. The road runs beside the Oldeelva river for a while. It reminded me a […]
          Norway-Oslo: Computer equipment and supplies      Cache   Translate Page      
Entur AS 917 422 575 Schweigaards gate 23 Oslo OSLO 0191 Kenneth Woodward +47 91652573 kenneth.nils.woodward@entur.org https://anskaffelser.entur.org https://kgv.doffin.no/ctm/Company/CompanyInformation/Index/77220 https://kgv.doffin.no/ctm/Supplier/Documents/Folder/162709 https://anskaffelser.entur.org Sale and ticket systems for the railway and other public transport services Hire of Mobile Terminals E 0274 Entur AS intends to enter into a new hire contract for mobile terminals (MT) for ticket sales and ticket checks. Entur will hire the mobile terminals out to the train companies who operate in Norway. — The contract is for hardware, maintenance, service, logistics and accompanying consultancy services. — The contract value is estimated to be 36-48 000 000 NOK over a 6 year period. — A contract will be signed for 3 years, with 3 options for 1 year. Entur currently has approx. 1 400 such systems in daily use (1 400 BM180 and 1 400 VX690). 42000000.00 Entur AS intends to enter into a new hire contract for mobile terminals (MT) for ticket sales and ticket checks. Entur will hire the mobile terminals out to the train companies who operate in Norway. — The contract is for hardware, maintenance, service, logistics and accompanying consultancy services. — The contract value is estimated to be 36-48 000 000 NOK over a 6 year period. — A contract will be signed for 3 years, with 3 options for 1 year. Entur currently has approx. 1 400 such systems in daily use (1 400 BM180 and 1 400 VX690). 42000000.00 36 3 options of 1 year. 6 Please see the qualification documentation. Please see the tender documentation. See the qualification documentation. See the qualification documentation. See the qualification documentation. See the qualification documentation. See the qualification documentation. See the qualification documentation. See the qualification documentation. See the qualification documentation. 2018/S 119-272109 2018-10-29 12:00 2018-11-07 3 Please refer to the attached document, “E 0274 Mobile Terminals.pdf” for instructions related to the RFI. Entur AS Schweigaardsgate 23 Oslo 0191 kenneth.nils.woodward@entur.org 2018-09-25
          Norway’s krone rises on back of inflation figures      Cache   Translate Page      
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          : Warm, fine east - Showers in west, 10 10 - 06:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Showers in western Europe, warm and dry to the east Wednesday A few showers over southern coasts of Spain and Portugal with rain into northwest Spain. Fair for most of Spain with lots of sunshine. Showery bursts of rain in the balearics. Unsettled with rain in Sardinia and Corsica. Italy will have a mix of sunshine and showers. fair for Greece with plenty of sunshine. Some showers affecting the south of Turkey. Rain and some cloud in France, heavy in the west. The Low Countries and Germany should be dry with good spells of sunshine. Staying fine in Austria and Hungary with more sunshine. Scattered showers over the southern Alps. Fine weather and breezy conditions for Denmark. Plenty of sunshine for the Baltic States and Finland. A fine day in Sweden with more sunshine. Scattered showers in northern Norway but good spells of sunshine in the south.

Thursday Soe cloud in southern parts of Spain but rain and cloud to the north. Some showers in the central mediterranean Islands and these affecting northern Italy too. Southern Italy should be dry with sunny spells. Greece will be fair with more sunshine to come here. Turkey will have heavy showers and thunderstorms. Rain afecting central and western parts of France while the east is likely to be dry. The Low Countries and Germany as well as Poland will be dry with lots of sunshine. Austria and Hungary should be dry and sunny although some rain in parts of southern Switzerland. Breezy with sunshine and warm weather in Denmark. More sunshine to come over the Baltic States and Finland and staying warm. More warm weather in Sweden with Norway also being dry and breezy as well as warm.


          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro Aluminum - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro Aluminum - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 02:39:52 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 00:43:49 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          Britain, NATO Prepare For War On Russia In The Arctic      Cache   Translate Page      

Authored by Brian Cloughley via The Strategic Culture Foundation,

On September 30 the UK’s foreign minister, Jeremy Hunt, delivered an astonishing tirade, saying “The EU was set up to protect freedom. It was the Soviet Union that stopped people leaving. The lesson from history is clear: if you turn the EU club into a prison, the desire to get out won’t diminish, it will grow — and we won’t be the only prisoner that will want to escape.”

His comparison of the EU to gulags of former years played well with many people in Britain, but was understandably regarded as totally inappropriate by the EU, whose spokesman’s polite observation was “I would say respectfully that we would all benefit – and in particular foreign affairs ministers – from opening a history book from time to time.”

The lunacy didn’t stop there. Not content with insulting the EU’s 27 countries, the government in London decided to whip up even more patriotic fervour by again trying to portray Russia as a threat to the United Kingdom.

In June 2018 the UK’s Sun newspaper carried the headline “Britain will send RAF Typhoon fighter jets to Iceland in bid to tackle Russian aggression” and since then Mr Williamson hasn’t altered his contention that “the Kremlin continues to challenge us in every domain.” (Williamson is the man who declared in March 2018 that “Frankly Russia should go away — it should shut up,” which was one of the most juvenile public utterances of recent years.)

It was reported on September 29 that Williamson was concerned about “growing Russian aggression ‘in our back yard’,” and that the Government was drawing up a “defence Arctic strategy” with 800 commandos being deployed to a new base in Norway. In an interview “Mr Williamson highlighted Russia’s re-opening of Soviet-era bases and ‘increased tempo’ of submarine activity as evidence that Britain needed to ‘demonstrate we’re there’ and ‘protect our interests’.”

Mr Williamson has not indicated what “interests” the United Kingdom could have in the Arctic region, where it has no territory.

The eight countries with territory north of the Arctic Circle are Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States. They have legitimate interests in the region which is twice the area of the US and Canada combined. But Britain has not one single claim to the Arctic. Not even a tenuous one like Iceland’s, which is based on the fact that although its mainland is not within the Arctic Circle, the Circle does pass through Grimsey Island, about 25 kilometres north of Iceland’s north coast. Britain’s Shetland Islands, its northernmost land, are 713 kilometres (443 miles) south of the Arctic Circle.

So why does the UK declare that it has “interests” in the Arctic and that the region is “in our back yard”? How can it possibly feel threatened?

The Arctic Institute observed in February 2018 that Russia’s “newer Arctic strategy papers focus on preventing smuggling, terrorism, and illegal immigration instead of balancing military power with NATO. These priorities suggest that Russia’s security aims in the Arctic have to do with safeguarding the Arctic as a strategic resource base... In general, the government-approved documents seem to have moved from an assertive tone that highlights Russia’s rivalry with NATO to a less abrasive tone based on securing economic development.”

And economic development is what it’s all about. On September 28 “it was reported that “a Danish-flagged cargo ship successfully passed through the Russian Arctic in a trial voyage showing that melting sea ice could potentially open a new trade route from Europe to east Asia.” It is obviously in the best economic interests of the European Union and Russia that the route be developed for commercial transit. To do this requires avoidance of conflict in the region.

So what’s your problem, Defence Minister Williamson?

In August Britain’s Parliamentary Defence Committee published On Thin Ice: UK Defence in the Arctic which concluded that “There is little doubt that the Arctic and the High North are seeing an increasing level of military activity. There is much greater divergence in the evidence we have taken on what the reasons behind this are, particularly in relation to Russia. One view is that there is no offensive intent behind Russia’s military build-up and that it is simply trying to regenerate military capacity in order to reassert sovereignty. The opposite view is that this is just one more part of Russia’s aggressive reassertion of great power competition.”

The Danish Government told the Committee that “Presently, Denmark sees no need for an increased military engagement or enhanced operative role for NATO in the Arctic”, and the Swedish Ambassador said “The Swedish Arctic is a limited part of Swedish territory. We are more a Baltic Sea nation than an Arctic nation... Obviously, the whole area around the Arctic, in particular the Kola Peninsula, is of strategic importance to Russia and they have a serious military presence there. We see all of that. Is that reason to call it militarisation of the Arctic?”

In January Reuters reported that China had notified its Arctic strategy, “pledging to work more closely with Moscow in particular to create an Arctic maritime counterpart — a ‘Polar Silk Road’ — to its ‘one belt, one road’ overland trade route to Europe. Both the Kremlin and Beijing have repeatedly stated that their ambitions are primarily commercial and environmental, not military.” It couldn’t be plainer that Russia and China want the Arctic to be a profitable mercantile trade route, while Russia wants to continue exploration for oil, gas and mineral deposits, which are important for its economy.

To develop the Arctic requires peace and stability. It would be impossible to reap the benefits of the new sea-route and potentially enormous energy and mineral riches if there were to be conflict in the North. It is obviously in the best interests of Russia and China that there be tranquillity rather than military confrontation.

But Britain’s Defence Minister insists there must be a military build-up by the UK in the Arctic “If we want to be protecting our interests in what is effectively our own back yard.” He is backed by the Parliament’s Defence Committee which states that “NATO’s renewed focus on the North Atlantic is welcome and the Government should be congratulated on the leadership the UK has shown on this issue.”

NATO is always on the lookout for excuses to indulge in military action (such as its nine–month blitz that destroyed Libya), and has announced it will conduct Arctic-focussed Exercise Trident Juncture in November, which Naval Today noted will be “one of the largest ever with 40,000 personnel, around 120 aircraft and as many as 70 ships converging in Norway.”

The NATO military alliance is preparing for war in the Arctic, and deliberately confronting Russia by conducting manoeuvres ever-closer to its borders. It had better be very careful.


          World's Most Powerful Passport Revealed As Countries' Global Rankings Shift      Cache   Translate Page      
Japan passport holders will find it easier than ever to travel the world, as their travel documents have just moved up in the global Henley Passport Index to take the top spot.

The Henley Passport Index is a ranking of all of the passports in the world based on the number of countries their holders can travel to visa-free.

Until now Japan had been sharing joint first place with Singapore, which gained visa-free access to Uzbekistan earlier this year bringing its total to 189 countries.

However, earlier this month Japan gained visa-free access to Myanmar bringing its total to 190 - once again taking it to the top spot.


It's still a milestone for both Japan and Singapore, as 2018 is the first year in the index's 13-year history that either of them has had the most powerful passport in the world.
Both are way ahead of the UK and US which share fifth place with Portugal, the Netherlands, Austria and Luxembourg - but it's worth noting that the top four spots are shared by 10 countries.

Experts had previously revealed that the UK ranking is unlikely to increase until there is certainty regarding Brexit.
Full Henley Passport Index 2018

    Japan (190 countries)
    Singapore (189 countries)
    Germany, France, South Korea (188 countries)
    Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden, Spain (187 countries)
    Norway, UK, Austria, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, USA (186 countries)
    Belgium, Switzerland, Ireland, Canada (185 countries)
    Australia, Greece, Malta (183 countries)
    New Zealand, Czech Republic (182 countries)
    Iceland (181 countries)
    Hungary, Slovenia, Malyasia (180 countries)
    Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania (179 countries)
    Liechtenstein, Estonia (178 countries)
    Poland (175 countries)
    Monaco, Chile (174 countries)
    Cyprus (173 countries)
    Brazil (171 countries)
    Argentina, Hong Kong (170 countries)
    Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania (169 countries)
    Andorra, San Marino (168 countries)
    Brunei (165 countries)
    Israel, Barbados, UAE (161 countries)
    Mexico (158 countries)
    Bahamas (155 countries)
    Uruguay (154 countries)
    Seychelles (152 countries)
    St Kitts & Nevis (151 countries)
    Antigua (150 countries)
    Costa Rica (149 countries)
    Vatican City, Taiwan (148 countries)
    Trinidad and Tobago (147 countries)
    Mauritius, St Lucia (146 countries)
    St Vincent and the Grenadines (145 countries)
    Macao, Grenada (144 countries)
    Paraguay (143 countries)
    Panama (141 countries)
    Venezulea, Honduras (138 countries)
    Dominica, Guatemala, El Savador (137 countries)
    Peru (135 countries)
    Serbia, Solomon Islands (130 countries)
    Samoa, Vanuatu (129 countries)
    Nicaragua, Ukraine (128 countries)
    Colombia, Tuvalu (127 countries)
    Macedonia (125 countries)
    Marshall Islands, Tonga (124 countries)
    Kiribati, Montenegro (123 countries)
    Micronesia, Moldova (122 countries)
    Russia, Palau Islands (119 countries)
    Bosnia and Herzegovina (118 countries)
    Albania (114 countries)
    Georgia (112 countries)
    Turkey (111 countries)
    South Africa (102 countries)
    Belize (101 countries)
    Timor-Leste (98 countries)
    Ecuador, Kuwait (93 countries)
    Fiji (90 countries)
    Guyana (88 countries)
    Maldives (87 countries)
    Nauru (86 countries)
    Qatar (85 countries)
    Jamaica (84 countries)
    Papua New Guinea (83 countries)
    Botswana (82 countries)
    Bahrain (81 countries)
    Suriname (80 countries)
    Bolivia (79 countries)
    Oman (78 countries)
    Belarus, Thailand (77 countries)
    Namibia, Kazakhstan (76 countries)
    Saudi Arabia (75 countries)
    Lesotho, China (74 countries)
    Indonesia (73 countries)
    Swaziland, Kenya, Malawi (71 countries)
    Gambia, Tanzania, Zambia (68 countries)
    Tunisia, Azerbaijan, Philippines, Dominican Republic (66 countries)
    Cape Verde, Cuba (65 countries)
    Uganda, Zimbabwe (64 countries)
    Ghana, Kyrgyzstan (63 countries)
    Sierra Leone (62 countries)
    Armenia, Benin, Morocco, Mongolia (61 countries)
    India (60 countries)
    Uzbekistan (59 countries)
    Sao Tome, Mauritania, Mozambique, Tajikistan (58 countries)
    Burkina Faso (57 countries)
    Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea (56 countries)
    Mali, Gabon, Bhutan (55 countries)
    Togo, Niger, Cambodia, Rwanda (54 countries)
    Chad, Madagascar, Guinea-Bissau, Turkmenistan (53 countries)
    Comores Islands, Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Laos (52 countries)
    Vietnam (51 countries)
    Algeria, Jordan (50 countries)
    Central African Republic, Angola, Egypt (49 countries)
    Cameroon, Myanmar (48 countries)
    Liberia, Nigeria, Congo (Republic) (47 countries)
    Burundi (46 countries)
    Djibouti (45 countries)
    Kosovo (44 countries)
    Congo (Democratic Republic), Iran (43 countries)
    Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, North Korea (42 countries)
    South Sudan, Bangladesh, Lebanon, Libya (41 countries)
    Nepal (40 countries)
    Sudan, Eritrea, Palestinian Territory (39 countries)
    Yemen (37 countries)
    Pakistan (33 countries)
    Somalia, Syria (32 countries)
    Iraq, Afghanistan (30 countries)



          #melbourne - adventure.xoxo      Cache   Translate Page      
#beautiful #weather #peace #country #norway #sweden #california #newyork #paris #italy #france #canada #usa #uk #russia #istanbul #toronto #australia #sydney #melbourne #lasvegas #turkey #moscow #switzerland #germany #ontario #brazil #chicago #rome #brussels
          22 July 2018 1080p NF WEB-DL H264-CMRG      Cache   Translate Page      
1 win & 1 nomination. See more awards » Plot: In Norway on 22 July 2011, right-wing terrorist Anders Behring Breivik murdered 77 young people attending a Labour Party Youth Camp on Utøya Island outside of Oslo. A three-part story. About the survivors of the attacks, the political leadership of Norway, and the lawyers involved. Genre: Biography […]
          Norway: The Land of Trolls, Fjords, and the Midnight Sun - Part 5      Cache   Translate Page      
Troll Walls, Drunk Bridges, and the Conclusion of an Incredible Road Trip My previous blog posting c
          #snapshot - dulalullah      Cache   Translate Page      
Øvre Holmegat - Norway’s most colorful street. ...................................................................................... ...................................................................................... Fargegaten, Stavanger, Norway. ….........................................................................................................................................................................#instadaily #all_shots #colorfulstreet #fargegaten #ovreholmegat #stavanger #composition
          Norway for taxon Attheyella (Attheyella) crassa (Sars G.O., 1863)      Cache   Translate Page      
Distribution "Norway" for taxon Attheyella (Attheyella) crassa (Sars G.O., 1863) has been added by Santiago Gaviria-Melo via the webinterface on 2018-10-09T08:26:46+00:00
          Norway confirms Chevron exit      Cache   Translate Page      
US supermajor set to quit Norwegian continental shelf as authorities accept sale of PL859 stake
          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro Aluminum - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro Aluminum - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 02:39:52 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 00:43:49 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          Nine countries, EU sign agreement to prevent unregulated fishing in Central Arctic Ocean      Cache   Translate Page      
The Governments of Canada, China, Denmark, Iceland, Japan, Norway, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Korea and the US and the EU signed an agreement to prevent unregulated commercial fishing on the high seas in the central Arctic Ocean. This ag
          Britain, NATO Prepare For War On Russia In The Arctic      Cache   Translate Page      

Authored by Brian Cloughley via The Strategic Culture Foundation,

On September 30 the UK’s foreign minister, Jeremy Hunt, delivered an astonishing tirade, saying “The EU was set up to protect freedom. It was the Soviet Union that stopped people leaving. The lesson from history is clear: if you turn the EU club into a prison, the desire to get out won’t diminish, it will grow — and we won’t be the only prisoner that will want to escape.”

His comparison of the EU to gulags of former years played well with many people in Britain, but was understandably regarded as totally inappropriate by the EU, whose spokesman’s polite observation was “I would say respectfully that we would all benefit – and in particular foreign affairs ministers – from opening a history book from time to time.”

The lunacy didn’t stop there. Not content with insulting the EU’s 27 countries, the government in London decided to whip up even more patriotic fervour by again trying to portray Russia as a threat to the United Kingdom.

In June 2018 the UK’s Sun newspaper carried the headline “Britain will send RAF Typhoon fighter jets to Iceland in bid to tackle Russian aggression” and since then Mr Williamson hasn’t altered his contention that “the Kremlin continues to challenge us in every domain.” (Williamson is the man who declared in March 2018 that “Frankly Russia should go away — it should shut up,” which was one of the most juvenile public utterances of recent years.)

It was reported on September 29 that Williamson was concerned about “growing Russian aggression ‘in our back yard’,” and that the Government was drawing up a “defence Arctic strategy” with 800 commandos being deployed to a new base in Norway. In an interview “Mr Williamson highlighted Russia’s re-opening of Soviet-era bases and ‘increased tempo’ of submarine activity as evidence that Britain needed to ‘demonstrate we’re there’ and ‘protect our interests’.”

Mr Williamson has not indicated what “interests” the United Kingdom could have in the Arctic region, where it has no territory.

The eight countries with territory north of the Arctic Circle are Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States. They have legitimate interests in the region which is twice the area of the US and Canada combined. But Britain has not one single claim to the Arctic. Not even a tenuous one like Iceland’s, which is based on the fact that although its mainland is not within the Arctic Circle, the Circle does pass through Grimsey Island, about 25 kilometres north of Iceland’s north coast. Britain’s Shetland Islands, its northernmost land, are 713 kilometres (443 miles) south of the Arctic Circle.

So why does the UK declare that it has “interests” in the Arctic and that the region is “in our back yard”? How can it possibly feel threatened?

The Arctic Institute observed in February 2018 that Russia’s “newer Arctic strategy papers focus on preventing smuggling, terrorism, and illegal immigration instead of balancing military power with NATO. These priorities suggest that Russia’s security aims in the Arctic have to do with safeguarding the Arctic as a strategic resource base... In general, the government-approved documents seem to have moved from an assertive tone that highlights Russia’s rivalry with NATO to a less abrasive tone based on securing economic development.”

And economic development is what it’s all about. On September 28 “it was reported that “a Danish-flagged cargo ship successfully passed through the Russian Arctic in a trial voyage showing that melting sea ice could potentially open a new trade route from Europe to east Asia.” It is obviously in the best economic interests of the European Union and Russia that the route be developed for commercial transit. To do this requires avoidance of conflict in the region.

So what’s your problem, Defence Minister Williamson?

In August Britain’s Parliamentary Defence Committee published On Thin Ice: UK Defence in the Arctic which concluded that “There is little doubt that the Arctic and the High North are seeing an increasing level of military activity. There is much greater divergence in the evidence we have taken on what the reasons behind this are, particularly in relation to Russia. One view is that there is no offensive intent behind Russia’s military build-up and that it is simply trying to regenerate military capacity in order to reassert sovereignty. The opposite view is that this is just one more part of Russia’s aggressive reassertion of great power competition.”

The Danish Government told the Committee that “Presently, Denmark sees no need for an increased military engagement or enhanced operative role for NATO in the Arctic”, and the Swedish Ambassador said “The Swedish Arctic is a limited part of Swedish territory. We are more a Baltic Sea nation than an Arctic nation... Obviously, the whole area around the Arctic, in particular the Kola Peninsula, is of strategic importance to Russia and they have a serious military presence there. We see all of that. Is that reason to call it militarisation of the Arctic?”

In January Reuters reported that China had notified its Arctic strategy, “pledging to work more closely with Moscow in particular to create an Arctic maritime counterpart — a ‘Polar Silk Road’ — to its ‘one belt, one road’ overland trade route to Europe. Both the Kremlin and Beijing have repeatedly stated that their ambitions are primarily commercial and environmental, not military.” It couldn’t be plainer that Russia and China want the Arctic to be a profitable mercantile trade route, while Russia wants to continue exploration for oil, gas and mineral deposits, which are important for its economy.

To develop the Arctic requires peace and stability. It would be impossible to reap the benefits of the new sea-route and potentially enormous energy and mineral riches if there were to be conflict in the North. It is obviously in the best interests of Russia and China that there be tranquillity rather than military confrontation.

But Britain’s Defence Minister insists there must be a military build-up by the UK in the Arctic “If we want to be protecting our interests in what is effectively our own back yard.” He is backed by the Parliament’s Defence Committee which states that “NATO’s renewed focus on the North Atlantic is welcome and the Government should be congratulated on the leadership the UK has shown on this issue.”

NATO is always on the lookout for excuses to indulge in military action (such as its nine–month blitz that destroyed Libya), and has announced it will conduct Arctic-focussed Exercise Trident Juncture in November, which Naval Today noted will be “one of the largest ever with 40,000 personnel, around 120 aircraft and as many as 70 ships converging in Norway.”

The NATO military alliance is preparing for war in the Arctic, and deliberately confronting Russia by conducting manoeuvres ever-closer to its borders. It had better be very careful.


          buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL/GRE certificates in Dubai(WhatsApp(237 681079916),      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Norway: Inflation did not fall back in September – Nordea Markets      Cache   Translate Page      

Erik Johannes Bruce, Research Analyst at Nordea Markets, notes that Norway’s core inflation in September came in at 1.9% y/y as in August against the Nordea and consensus of 1.8% while Norges Bank’s forecast was 1.6%.

Key Quotes

“The main reason why inflation ended up slightly above our forecast was that prices on furnishing etc. climbed much more than expected. It pulled up core by 0.2% points. Add to this that most consumer groups pulled up this time. The exception being clothes which pulled down and more than we had expected. Transport was also slightly lower.”

“The reason why Norges Bank gave little weight to the current low inflation at the September meeting was that it saw the surprisingly high August figure as a fluke. It was not a change in its reaction function, meaning that it ignored current inflation.”

“Today’s figure argues against the August figure being a fluke and for an upward revision to the rate path in December.”

 


          : Warm, fine east - Showers in west, 10 Out - 05:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Showers in western Europe, warm and dry to the east Wednesday A few showers over southern coasts of Spain and Portugal with rain into northwest Spain. Fair for most of Spain with lots of sunshine. Showery bursts of rain in the balearics. Unsettled with rain in Sardinia and Corsica. Italy will have a mix of sunshine and showers. fair for Greece with plenty of sunshine. Some showers affecting the south of Turkey. Rain and some cloud in France, heavy in the west. The Low Countries and Germany should be dry with good spells of sunshine. Staying fine in Austria and Hungary with more sunshine. Scattered showers over the southern Alps. Fine weather and breezy conditions for Denmark. Plenty of sunshine for the Baltic States and Finland. A fine day in Sweden with more sunshine. Scattered showers in northern Norway but good spells of sunshine in the south.

Thursday Soe cloud in southern parts of Spain but rain and cloud to the north. Some showers in the central mediterranean Islands and these affecting northern Italy too. Southern Italy should be dry with sunny spells. Greece will be fair with more sunshine to come here. Turkey will have heavy showers and thunderstorms. Rain afecting central and western parts of France while the east is likely to be dry. The Low Countries and Germany as well as Poland will be dry with lots of sunshine. Austria and Hungary should be dry and sunny although some rain in parts of southern Switzerland. Breezy with sunshine and warm weather in Denmark. More sunshine to come over the Baltic States and Finland and staying warm. More warm weather in Sweden with Norway also being dry and breezy as well as warm.


          Comment on The backstop with a good deal for GB can give Northern Ireland the best of both worlds by MainlandUlsterman      Cache   Translate Page      
Brian, the article quoting Declan Billington says he is reassured the EU will allow the whole UK effectively to be in a form of customs union and may be flexible over that - fine, that needs to happen. But I'm less clear from it what he / NI business feels about the prospect of regulatory divergence (long term) from the rest of the UK. It would be very surprising if they were welcoming it - but I suppose it depends if you're a business buying a lot in from the bigger island or only selling to it. If you're only selling to the mainland, then I can see you might not be bothered. Though I guess even for them, there would be two sets of rules to comply with. I can't see it being immediately appealing to business, but hey, I could be wrong, I'm no expert. What I would certainly think though is that businesses buying in a lot of goods from the UK mainland - and £10b or so of goods pass that direction every year - should probably be very wary of a future of regulatory checks and extra admin on that, which means costs and it means less choice in who to buy from, as there will be UK businesses I am sure who will stop supplying N Ireland because of it. We could, I would guess, expect at the very least a rise in the cost of living in N Ireland? I can't see why anyone would willingly welcome this in when there are other better possibilities still live - i.e. no checks at all, with a Norway-style deal. The Commons arithmetic means it's far from dead as an option once the May deal falls.
          Comment on VW Says Its Electric Cars Will Be Priced Comparably To Diesel by Link      Cache   Translate Page      
These e-Golfs are driving around in Norway, Germany and other European countries. Demand grew so much that they don't have any production capacity left for shipping some to North America. And they are not going to increase production capacity one year before the model is discontinued because it's replaced with the ID Neo. Makes no sense.
          歐洲歷史入門之十二:北歐三國的恩怨情仇(上)      Cache   Translate Page      


今日我們談丹麥、挪威和瑞典這三個國家,通常離不開福利高、生活好與烏托邦這些話題,而且我們都知道她們是關係非常好的友邦。不過,正如英國作家G.K.切斯特頓 (G.K. Chesterton) 所言:「聖經叫我們愛鄰舍,也叫我們愛敵人,應該是因為他們通常是同一群人。」作為鄰國,其實她們之間少不免有一段血腥的歷史。

內亂四起

維京時代結束後,北歐三國都陷入內亂之中。在挪威,雖然國家在 872 年已經統一,但國王一直未能訂立清晰的繼承法,繼承者有時是依靠貴族的支持,有時是憑力量奪位。發生爭議的時候,甚至會有數人分享權力。1130 年,挪威國王「十字軍戰士」西居爾一世 (Sigurd I ‘the Crusader’) 逝世,引發起西居爾的兒子馬格努斯 (Magnus IV Sigurdsson) 和西居爾的弟弟哈拉爾 (Harald Gille) 之間的繼承戰爭。戰爭未有隨兩人過世而終結,因為他們的子孫總是繼承了他們的未竟之志,結果內戰竟然持續足足一百年。終於,在 1240 年,於哈康四世 (Haakon IV) 的領導下,他的對手在戰事中陣亡,其他貴族的叛亂亦一一被平息,內戰才告結束。哈康四世在天主教廷的支持下,採納了其他天主教國家所使用的長子繼承法,終於為繼承權紛爭劃上句號。

至於瑞典,也同樣處於數個家族爭奪王位的時期。1125 年,瑞典國王小英格 (Inge the Younger) 逝世,丹麥王室阿斯特里德松家族 (House of Estridsen) 的馬格努斯一世 (Magnus I Nilsson) 和斯渥克爾一世 (Sverker I ‘the Elder’) 一同稱王。雖然馬格努斯在1134年的內戰中戰死,但斯渥克爾卻未能鞏固家族的權力。他在 1156 年被刺殺以後,另一家族的艾里克獲貴族選為艾里克九世 (Eric IX ‘the Holy’),斯渥克爾家族和艾里克家族長期的權力鬥爭和王位繼承權之爭由此開始 [1]。1250 年,在斯渥克爾和艾里克兩個家族都絕嗣後,比耶博家族 (House of Bjelbo) 的瓦爾德瑪 (Valdemar) 憑藉與兩個家族都有血緣關係,獲選為瑞典國王,才把國家重新統一。儘管這段時期的瑞典內憂不斷,但每任國王都會視對外擴張為「政績」,因而未有停下擴張的步伐。瑞典的勢力範圍於是擴張至諾爾蘭(Norrland,今瑞典北部)及芬蘭的沿海地區。14 世紀初,瑞典國王馬格努斯四世 (Magnus IV of Sweden) 更繼承挪威王位,雖然他在1364年被篡奪瑞典王位,但他留下的血脈依然影響深遠。

而在丹麥,反倒在十二至十三世紀擁有一段相對統一的時期,因此得以用其稱霸海洋的傳統,把波美拉尼亞(Pomerania,今德國及波蘭北部)和愛沙尼亞納入其統治之下。雖然王位沒有太大爭端,但國王卻與貴族與教會關係惡劣,王權、教權及地方權力之間的拉扯,最終在十三世紀末導致王權沒落。在克里斯多夫二世 (Christopher II) 在位時期 (1319–1332),王權跌至最低點,丹麥爆發多次農民起義,教會和貴族又豁免繳稅,導致國家瀕臨破產,國家大部份領地都由地方領主全權統治,國王毫無實權。克里斯多夫死後,更有八年的時間王位懸空,各領主直接統治國家。1340 年,攝政貴族的頭領格哈德三世 (Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg) 被殺,克里斯多夫的兒子瓦爾德瑪四世 (Valdemar IV of Denmark) 趁機回國,獲選為王,他用了整整二十年的時間重新征服全國國土 [2],地方分治的局面才告一段落。

改變北歐的女子——瑪格麗特

瓦爾德瑪四世身後留下兩個女兒,梅克倫堡公爵夫人英娥柏格 (Ingeborg of Denmark, Duchess of Mecklenburg) 和挪威王后瑪格麗特 (Margaret, Queen of Norway)。當時在丹麥,雖然女性並無繼承權,但她們的兒子仍可繼承王位,而且最終是由貴族選舉決定。

儘管如此,瑪格麗特在 1375 年,趁瓦爾德瑪剛剛逝世,乘近水樓台之機,搶先要丹麥貴族選其五歲的兒子為丹麥國王奧拉夫二世 (Olaf II Haakonsson),瑪格麗特成為攝政王后,掌握實權。加冕大典上,瑪格麗特更堅持為奧拉夫加上「瑞典真正王位繼承人 (true heir of Sweden)」的頭銜(先前提到被篡位的瑞典國王馬格努斯四世,是奧拉夫的爺爺),以圖染指瑞典國土。五年後,奧拉夫的父親,挪威國王哈康六世 (Haakon VI of Norway) 逝世,奧拉夫繼承王位。

瑪格麗特掌政期間,把丹麥和挪威兩國都治理得井井有條,更把先前丹麥內亂時期失去的最後領土都成功收服。1387年,17歲的奧拉夫急病去世。雖然失去作為國王的兒子,一般代表著同時失去攝政的合法性。不過,瑪格麗特憑有目共睹的治國才能,竟讓丹麥和挪威的貴族破例,將其再次選為攝政。

卡爾馬聯盟

同一時間,瑞典則陷入內部分裂之中。自馬格努斯四世被推翻後,貴族把阿爾伯特 (Albert, King of Sweden) 推上王位。但是,來自梅克倫堡的阿爾伯特,極度偏袒德意志人,在瑞典各地都任命德意志官員,導致瑞典上下非常不滿。1388年,阿爾伯特下令收回部份貴族領地,終於令各地領主按捺不住。瑞典議會向瑪格麗特求助,更把她選為「最高領主及統治者 (Sovereign Lady and Ruler)」,並且接受她所欽點的任何繼承人為國王。次年,阿爾伯特兵敗被俘,瑪格麗特正式把瑞典納入其統治之下。

這時的瑪格麗特,始終需要為她的大帝國找來一個繼承人。她自己沒有子嗣,於是選擇了姐姐的外孫,8 歲的艾里克 (Eric of Pomerania),將他收為養子。 1389 年,他獲選為挪威國王艾里克三世。 1396 年,丹麥和瑞典也正式冊立其為丹麥國王艾里克七世和瑞典國王艾里克十三世。 1397 年,艾里克的三國加冕大典在瑞典的卡爾馬 (Kalmar) 舉行,這個北歐三國的聯盟,因此稱為卡爾馬聯盟 (Kalmar Union)。

不過,瑪格麗特繼續掌有實權,即使艾里克成年後依然如是,直至瑪格麗特在 1412 年逝世,終年 59 歲。她被視為北歐其中一位最偉大的「君主」,把北歐三國聯合為一個強大的整體。雖然她在生時所使用的頭銜都十分含糊——在早期所用的是「全丹麥王國的最高領主和守護者 (sovereign lady and lord and guardian of the entire kingdom of Denmark)」[3],之後卻只稱「攝政 (regent)」——但無論如何,當現任丹麥女王瑪格麗特在 1972 年登基,成為丹麥史上第一位正式繼承王位的女性時,她特地選擇了「瑪格麗特二世 (Margrethe II)」這稱號,並把瑪格麗特王后稱為「一世」,以示承認其君主地位。

至於艾里克,由 8 歲即位開始,就受到最好的教育,被培養成為全北歐的統治者。 1429 年,他在在連接大西洋和波羅的海的松德海峽( Øresund,至今仍然是世界最繁忙的河道之一)設立了關稅;此項稅收成為數百年來丹麥政府的一大收入來源,甚至曾經高達國家收入的三分之二。直至 1857 年,在多個海上強權的聯手施壓下,此關稅才被迫取消。

諷刺的是,艾里克在位後期,在多場戰爭及起義困擾之下,三國貴族都逐漸對他失去信心。此時艾里克竟然憤而「罷工」,出走到波羅的海中的哥特蘭島 (Gotland)。貴族們也不甘示弱,選出艾里克的外甥克里斯多夫 (Christopher of Bavaria) 為新任國王。艾里克此後十年都留在哥特蘭,當上了海盜,以掠劫波羅的海的商船為生。

瑞典憤而獨立

不過,如同歷史上很多聯邦一樣,卡爾馬聯盟很快遇到權力分配不均的問題。事實上,有些史家認為問題源於瑪格麗特,指她由聯盟的開始,已經頗為偏重丹麥,只是她能夠憑藉過人的能力和聲譽穩住人心而已。無論如何,卡爾馬聯盟不再有一位國王及得上她的政治才能,確是事實。

瑞典對於國王一直偏袒丹麥的利益,越見不滿,最終在貴族古斯塔夫·瓦薩 (Gustav Vasa) 的領導下,爆發獨立戰爭 (Swedish War of Liberation, 1521–23)。兩年戰爭過後,瑞典軍隊基本上已經控制全國。1523 年,古斯塔夫獲選為瑞典國王,開始了瑞典的瓦薩王朝,卡爾馬聯盟亦隨之瓦解。至於丹麥和挪威兩國,則繼續保持友好的共主邦聯關係,一般合稱為「丹麥—挪威 (Denmark-Norway)」,直至十九世紀邦聯瓦解。

下篇文章,我們將繼續北歐的近代歷史,談談她們最終怎樣成為今日的丹麥、挪威、瑞典、芬蘭和冰島這幾個獨立的國家。

註:

[1] 如果大家要理解這個瑞典王位爭奪得有多激烈,只需要看看這段時期的國王的命運: 1160 年艾里克九世在一間教堂外被阿斯特里德松家族的馬格努斯二世 (Magnus II) 謀殺、1161 年馬格努斯二世在與斯渥克爾家族的查理七世 (Charles VII) 之間的內戰戰死、 1167 年查理七世被艾里克九世的兒子克努特 (Canute I Ericson) 所殺。之後的瑞典國王雖然少有被殺,但王位仍然是在斯渥克爾和艾里克兩個家族之間輪換。
[2] 一般相信,同時期爆發的黑死病 (Black Death) 很有可能大大幫助了瓦爾德瑪的戰事。
[3] 注意英語中特地同時使用男性的 lord 和女性的 lady ,以示她擁有一般而言男性才擁有的統治權。


          Europe Forecast: Warm, fine east - Showers in west, Oct 10 - 10:13      Cache   Translate Page      

Showers in western Europe, warm and dry to the east Wednesday A few showers over southern coasts of Spain and Portugal with rain into northwest Spain. Fair for most of Spain with lots of sunshine. Showery bursts of rain in the balearics. Unsettled with rain in Sardinia and Corsica. Italy will have a mix of sunshine and showers. fair for Greece with plenty of sunshine. Some showers affecting the south of Turkey. Rain and some cloud in France, heavy in the west. The Low Countries and Germany should be dry with good spells of sunshine. Staying fine in Austria and Hungary with more sunshine. Scattered showers over the southern Alps. Fine weather and breezy conditions for Denmark. Plenty of sunshine for the Baltic States and Finland. A fine day in Sweden with more sunshine. Scattered showers in northern Norway but good spells of sunshine in the south.

Thursday Soe cloud in southern parts of Spain but rain and cloud to the north. Some showers in the central mediterranean Islands and these affecting northern Italy too. Southern Italy should be dry with sunny spells. Greece will be fair with more sunshine to come here. Turkey will have heavy showers and thunderstorms. Rain afecting central and western parts of France while the east is likely to be dry. The Low Countries and Germany as well as Poland will be dry with lots of sunshine. Austria and Hungary should be dry and sunny although some rain in parts of southern Switzerland. Breezy with sunshine and warm weather in Denmark. More sunshine to come over the Baltic States and Finland and staying warm. More warm weather in Sweden with Norway also being dry and breezy as well as warm.


          Casting call: reality TV show looking for Norwegian-Americans      Cache   Translate Page      
Casting is underway for the 10th season of Alt for Norge, a reality TV show that sends 12 Norwegian-Americans to Norway to find their ancestral roots. It’s also a competition — the winner takes home $50,000. Ballardites have been contestants in past seasons of Alt for Norge (All for Norway) — Lars Phillips, Heidi Somes, […]
          Offer - Lottery money jackpot ((How to join the illuminati society drmamasuzzan +27782842465 - FINLAND      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro Aluminum - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro Aluminum - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 02:39:52 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 00:43:49 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          22 – You Are Creating 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
The Progressive band 22 (Norway) will release their new album 'You Are Creating' (CD) on November 23, 2018 via Long Branch Records racklisting: CD 1: 01. Inspec 02. Staying Embodied 03. Sum Of Parts 04. A Mutation Of Thrushes 05. Adam Kadmon Body Mass Index 06. Ectypes 07. You Are Creating 08. Node1 CD 2: […]
          Norway-Narvik: School books      Cache   Translate Page      
Narvik kommune 959 469 059 Postboks 64 Narvik 8501 Stian Haavorstad Nilssen stian@narvik.kommune.no http://www.narvik.kommune.no https://tendsign.no/doc.aspx?UniqueId=afjajoubei&GoTo=Docs https://tendsign.no/doc.aspx?UniqueId=afjajoubei&GoTo=Tender School books and literature 18/9 Delivery of school books and non-fiction to the municipalities of Ballangen, Evenes, Gratangen, Narvik, Tysfjord and Tjeldsund. The contracting authority aims to use this competition to enter into most economically advantageous contract for the delivery of school books and non-fiction through a framework agreement. The contract period will be 2 years from the contract date, with a unilateral option for a further 1+1 year. The expected start-up is December 2018. The delivery of school books and non-fiction to Ballangen, Evenes, Gratangen, Narvik, Tysfjord and Tjeldsund municipalities. The contract duration will be 2 years, 1 year + 1 year as an option. Presentation of the contracting authority Narvik kommune (NK) [Narvik municipality’] and others, hereafter called the contracting authority, extends an invitation to an open tender contest for the delivery of school books and non-fiction. Narvik is situated in inner Ofot fjord in Nordland County and there are approx. 18 700 inhabitants in NK, and the municipality is organised into approx. 45 entities. In addition there are municipal and inter-municipal enterprises and companies that are partly or fully owned entities and are seen as included in the Narvik municipality group. A procurement collaboration has been established with several municipalities, as well as inter-municipal companies, with NK as the host municipality, and this tender contest will also apply for several entities in addition to NK. All new municipally owned enterprises, companies, foundations, etc. that are established during the contract period will also be able to join the contract on the same terms. Short description of the procurement. The contracting authority aims to use this competition to enter into most economically advantageous contract for the delivery of school books and non-fiction through a framework agreement. The contract period will be 2 years from the contract date, with a unilateral option for a further 1+1 year. The expected start-up is December 2018 6 -six- months notice can be given on the contract in writing by both parties, either by the contracting authority´s entities or collaboration partners, as well as by the tenderer. 48 2018-11-05 23:59 2019-02-05 2018-11-06 00:00 Visma notice: https://opic.com/id/afjajoubei KOFA Bergen 2018-10-03
          Norway-Oslo: Drinking water      Cache   Translate Page      
NSB AS 984 661 177 Schweigaards gate 23 Oslo 0191 Caroline Mørch-Sejersted caroline.morch-sejersted@nsb.no www.nsb.no https://kgv.doffin.no/ctm/Company/CompanyInformation/Index/3792 Drinking Water in Trains A-94016 NSB AS is making this procurement in order to meet the need for drinking water for on-board personnel in trains, as well as for customers in NSB´s sleeping coaches. The general volume is estimated to be 900 000 units per annum. This is an non-binding estimate for the Contracting Authority, based on historical figures. Further information on the procurement is in the tender documentation and the accompanying annexes. The aim of the procurement´s is to meet NSB´s need for the procurement of drinking water in trains, both for on-board personnel and for customers in the overnight trains that operate on the following stretches: — Oslo – Kristiansand — Stavanger — Oslo (the Sørland railway), — Oslo — Bergen — Oslo (the Bergen railway), — Oslo — Trondheim — Oslo (the Dovre railway), — Trondheim — Bodø — Trondheim (the Nordland railway). The procurement´s value/volume is estimated to be approx. 900 000 NOK units per annum. This is based on historical figures and it is not a binding estimate for the Contracting Authority. An agreement will be entered into for 2 years with option for extension in 1+1 years. See the tender documentation and annexes for further details on the procurement. The environment — the amount of recycled material in the plastic bottle 20 80 — Option for a contract extension for 1+1 year, — option for a NSB label/private label on the drinking water bottle. 2018/S 101-232090 1 Drinking Water for Trains 2018-09-13 NTC Gave og profilering AS Kristiansand S 4626 The delivery of the water Requests for participation and tenders must be submitted through the Contracting Authority´s procurement portal: https://anskaffelser.nsb.no/Default.aspx Klagenemnda for offentlige anskaffelser (KOFA) Postboks 511 Sentrum Bergen 5005 post@knse.no 2018-10-05
          The unpredictable.      Cache   Translate Page      
It’s a beautiful autumn day here in Norway and I’ve been enjoying my morning with slow m
          NATO flexes muscles in show of strength to Russia      Cache   Translate Page      
NATO’s largest exercise since the end of the Cold War will see 50,000 troops deploy into the first snows of a Norwegian winter to show Russia that the alliance is ready to repel any attack, officers said Tuesday. Officially, November’s Trident Juncture exercise will simulate an attack from a fictional country, but it will bring a huge force into one of Moscow’s neighbors just months after Russia’s vast Vostok war games. The head of NATO’s Allied Joint Force Command, U.S. Navy Admiral James Foggo, said that the exercise “must show NATO is capable to defend against any adversary. Not a particular country, anyone.” And he noted that Norway has a frontier with Russia and that the huge force, backed by 150 aircraft, 60 ships and some 10,000 vehicles, would demonstrate that they can mobilize quickly to defend an ally. “The core exercise area is 1,000 kilometers from the Russian border,” said Norwegian General Rune Jakobsen, who will run the exercise headquarters. “There should not be any reason for the Russians to get scared or see this as anything other than a defensive exercise.” Two Russian and two Belarus military observers have been invited to watch the maneuvers. These will be the biggest such movement of NATO personnel and vehicles since at least the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, although smaller than the Vostok-18 exercise staged by Russia and China last month. The Western allies have stepped up their military posture, with rotating garrisons in eastern Europe and the Baltic States, in the four years since Russia annexed the Ukrainian region of Crimea. Exercises like Trident Juncture 18 are designed to teach troops how to move a large force quickly in the event of an invasion against a NATO member triggering the allies’ “Article 5” mutual defense clause. German brigade The first part of this year’s exercise will simulate an effort to halt an offensive launched from northern Norway southwards by part of the force playing an adversary, Canadian General Christian Juneau told AFP. Once the “invader” is halted, the second stage will see NATO forces figuring out how to force it back. While the exercise is designed to show the 29-nation alliance’s unity and strength, it may also bring Western forces face-to-face with some of their own shortcomings. U.S. President Donald Trump has criticized many of the allies for underspending on defense and in February a German parliamentary report found that its own military has outdated equipment, often in a state of disrepair. Officers in NATO headquarters share the concerns, but Juneau told AFP that Germany would contribute a 6,000-strong brigade to the exercise and that the bulk of its troops and vehicles are already in Norway. The rest of the buildup is expected to be complete by October 25, with forces from across Europe and North America arriving by sea and by plane on the alliance’s northern flank. The British contingent will land in Europe in the Netherlands and make its way to Norway by road through Germany, Denmark and Sweden to test the alliance’s ability to coordinate transport on civilian roads. Once in Norway, the multinational force will conduct multinational training exercises — dealing with traffic and the first snows of winter — and the main invasion exercise.
          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro Aluminum - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro Aluminum - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 02:39:52 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          Summer Internship 2019 - IT - Hydro - Norway, PE      Cache   Translate Page      
Hydro is present within all market segments for aluminium, with sales and trading activities throughout the value chain serving more than 30,000 customers....
From Hydro - Thu, 06 Sep 2018 00:43:49 GMT - View all Norway, PE jobs
          With '22 July,' Paul Greengrass tackles Norway's deadly 2011 terror attack and the perils of far-right extremism      Cache   Translate Page      

It’s safe to say virtually every Norwegian can remember where they were on July 22, 2011. That was the day a lone-wolf far-right terrorist named Anders Behring Breivik set off a car bomb in the government district of Oslo and then later opened fire on a summer camp on the nearby island of Utøya,...


           Hydro CEO says focus on full output at Alunorte, no...       Cache   Translate Page      
OSLO, Oct 10 (Reuters) - Norway's Norsk Hydro is focused on a return to full output at its Alunorte alumina refinery in Brazil and is not contemplating...
          With '22 July,' Paul Greengrass tackles Norway's deadly 2011 terror attack and the perils of far-right extremism      Cache   Translate Page      

It’s safe to say virtually every Norwegian can remember where they were on July 22, 2011. That was the day a lone-wolf far-right terrorist named Anders Behring Breivik set off a car bomb in the government district of Oslo and then later opened fire on a summer camp on the nearby island of Utøya,...


          Pacific Crossroads Church - Executive Director      Cache   Translate Page      

PLEASE APPLY HERE ---> https://vsearch.ws/2y7jqeq

 

Snapshot:

Weekly Attendance: 1700

Denomination: Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) - also associated with the Gospel Coalition and Redeemer Church NYC

Neighborhood: Los Angeles, California

The role: The Executive Director is responsible for aligning all staff functions and overseeing ministries to realize the Ministry Plan of Pacific Crossroads Church. 

Meet Pacific Crossroads Church: 

Pacific Crossroads Church began as a prayer group and Bible study on the Westside of Los Angeles. The first public worship service was held in 1999. While the church grew quickly and an exciting community formed, the founding pastor left after several years in order to pursue another call. Many people assumed that the congregation would disperse to other churches. But to the surprise of many, the community – without a pastor or elected leaders – not only held together but also continued to grow; so convinced was that core group that God was doing something special in and through Pacific Crossroads.

Around 2006, Redeemer Presbyterian Church in New York City, a church with a heart for reaching global cities, decided to invest in Pacific Crossroads in the hope that it could become a gospel-centered resource church to love and serve the city of Los Angeles. They challenged a young pastor who grew up in a small town in the other LA (Louisiana) to move to Los Angeles, to “re-plant” Pacific Crossroads. Although initially hesitant, he became convinced that the Lord was indeed calling him to this community, and Rankin Wilbourne became the pastor of Pacific Crossroads Church in August 2006.

Throughout her history, Pacific Crossroads has grown and flourished in many ways. In 2007, they started Hope for LA, the mercy and justice arm of the church, born of their desire to serve the city. In 2009, a second morning service was added. In 2010, the church expanded geographically, starting an evening service at St. John’s Cathedral on the outskirts of Downtown Los Angeles. In 2012, the Westside morning services moved to their current location at Barnum Hall on the campus of Santa Monica High School. Pacific Crossroads has also planted churches in Long Beach, Pasadena and the South Bay (launching in Spring 2019).

Outside of Sunday services, today the church has over 100 community groups spread throughout Los Angeles, ministering to a diverse set of people from all walks of life, in neighborhoods all over Los Angeles. Volunteers also serve the needs of the city every week by mobilizing volunteers through Hope for LA to serve with partner organizations across the city.

Looking ahead, Pacific Crossroads plans to start several local worshipping communities – new churches – that meet in neighborhoods around the city. In whatever place Pacific Crossroads happens to be meeting, the vision is to see lives transformed by God’s power, renewing Los Angeles for Christ.

About the Executive Director role: 

The Executive Director is responsible for aligning all staff functions and overseeing ministries to realize the Ministry Plan of Pacific Crossroads Church. The Executive Director will partner with and support the Senior Pastor to develop and implement the Core Values, Vision and Mission of Pacific Crossroads Church.

Responsibilities include delivering excellence in achieving ministry goals, strategic planning, P&L ownership, setting staff culture, developing and coaching staff, and developing and implementing processes to ensure operational efficiency.

The Executive Director will: 

  • Delivering excellence in achieving ministry goals
  • Strategic planning
  • P&L ownership
  • Setting staff culture
  • Developing and coaching staff
  • Developing and implementing processes to ensure operational efficiency

What you bring: 

Education

Pacific Crossroads is looking for candidates who know how to get this job done, whether that education came formally or through on-the-job training. The individual who never stops learning will especially be attractive.

Experience

  • Has likely been involved in executive leadership at a large church.
  • A gift for leading a team of strong personalities and navigating conflict.
  • Demonstrated ability to execute strategic plans and track record of ministry growth.
  • Ability to effectively coach and develop leaders.
  • Has learned from the best practices of other churches and organizations, and can modify them to work at Pacific Crossroads.
  • Lead and define organizational processes.
  • A strong desire to implement programs and build healthy systems that will foster the vision and continued growth of Pacific Crossroads Church. 

Personal Characteristics

  • A genuine love for Christ and a regular prayer/devotional life.
  • A confident leader who also carries a dose of humility and authenticity.
  • Entrepreneurial and progress-oriented.
  • Highly disciplined work ethic and personal lifestyle in physical, financial, and spiritual matters.
  • Self-starter and result-oriented contributor.
  • Exemplifies a strong commitment to family values.
  • Understands the cycles of ministry -- work hard in busy seasons, take time to rest in between.
  • A commitment to continual growth in personal, spiritual, and emotional maturity.
  • An attitude of love and grace toward people.
  • Strong relational and team building skills, particularly as it pertains to the Advisory Committee, Session, and high-level volunteer leaders.
  • A commitment to using wisdom and discernment before making decisions.

What it's like to live in Los Angeles, California: 

Located in eternally sunny and year round 75 degrees Southern Central California, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California and one of the leading cultural influences in the world. It’s the second most populous city in the country, behind New York City and the most populous city in California.  LA sits in Los Angeles County, the most populous county in the country with more than 10 million residents.

Los Angeles County is comprised of 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated towns, and PCC congregants commute from a large number of these cities to attend Sunday worship.  At 4,083 square miles, it is larger than the combined areas of Delaware and Rhode Island.

The county is home to more than one-quarter of California’s residents and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the U.S.  L.A. County is the third-largest metropolitan economy in the world, with a Nominal GDP of over $700 billion — larger than the GDPs of Belgium, Saudi Arabia, Norway, and Taiwan.

Los Angeles is a vibrant, sprawling city with many unique communities that are not only ethnically and economically diverse, but also geologically and topographically diverse.  It is bordered by 10,000+ foot mountain peaks on the east and the Pacific Ocean on the west, and is one of the few places in the country where one can ski and surf on the same day.  The region offers some of the best hiking, biking, camping, and water sports in the U.S. The deserts of Palm Springs, the forests of Sequoia National Park, and the mountains and valleys of Yosemite are all within a few hours drive.  

The city is also the center of the nation’s film and television industry, and the thrill and challenge of capturing imaginations is palpable throughout the city. Near its iconic Hollywood sign, studios such as Paramount Pictures, Universal and Warner Brothers offer behind-the-scenes tours. On Hollywood Boulevard, TCL Chinese Theatre displays celebrities’ hand- and footprints, the Walk of Fame honors thousands of luminaries and vendors sell maps to stars’ homes.

Los Angeles is more spiritual, in general, than many large, post-modern cities.  While the city has followed the general urban trend away from religion in general and Christianity in particular, many people in Los Angeles seem to be more open to discussing spirituality, eastern belief systems, and practices like meditation in their search for meaning.  

Our congregation reflects our diverse city. Many of our congregants work in the fields of finance, entertainment, medicine and business.  We have a thriving population of single adults, and are seeing our children and youth ministries increase in number as we welcome more and more families to our congregation. In a large, congested city, it can be a challenge for people to come together throughout the week, so neighborhood community groups are a priority to connect with those who live nearby.

 

PLEASE APPLY HERE ---> https://vsearch.ws/2y7jqeq


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          обзор для Европы: Warm, fine east - Showers in west, окт 10 - 07:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Showers in western Europe, warm and dry to the east Wednesday A few showers over southern coasts of Spain and Portugal with rain into northwest Spain. Fair for most of Spain with lots of sunshine. Showery bursts of rain in the balearics. Unsettled with rain in Sardinia and Corsica. Italy will have a mix of sunshine and showers. fair for Greece with plenty of sunshine. Some showers affecting the south of Turkey. Rain and some cloud in France, heavy in the west. The Low Countries and Germany should be dry with good spells of sunshine. Staying fine in Austria and Hungary with more sunshine. Scattered showers over the southern Alps. Fine weather and breezy conditions for Denmark. Plenty of sunshine for the Baltic States and Finland. A fine day in Sweden with more sunshine. Scattered showers in northern Norway but good spells of sunshine in the south.

Thursday Soe cloud in southern parts of Spain but rain and cloud to the north. Some showers in the central mediterranean Islands and these affecting northern Italy too. Southern Italy should be dry with sunny spells. Greece will be fair with more sunshine to come here. Turkey will have heavy showers and thunderstorms. Rain afecting central and western parts of France while the east is likely to be dry. The Low Countries and Germany as well as Poland will be dry with lots of sunshine. Austria and Hungary should be dry and sunny although some rain in parts of southern Switzerland. Breezy with sunshine and warm weather in Denmark. More sunshine to come over the Baltic States and Finland and staying warm. More warm weather in Sweden with Norway also being dry and breezy as well as warm.


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1 Queen Marie Antoinette

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As queen of France, Marie Antoinette became a baton of appearance – but as a 14-year-old Austrian archduchess she committed a appearance faux pas on the day she affiliated the approaching King Louis XVI in the aristocratic abbey at the Palace of Versailles in 1770.

Strict agreement absolute bells accoutrements for the helpmate of a French beneficiary to the throne: a cloth-of-silver dress. Unfortunately, the bride’s growing anatomy was not taken into annual aback the dress was advised and so the consistent bodice was too small, acceptation that Marie Antoinette’s associates were clumsy to adhere the aback of the gown. According to Elizabeth Seymour Percy, Amazon of Northumberland, there was “quite a ample band of lacing and about-face absolutely visible, which had a bad aftereffect amid two broader stripes of chunk [the closing of which were a allowance from Marie Antoinette’s mother, Empress Maria Theresa of the Habsburg Empire].”

In accession to the billowing dress, Marie Antoinette’s approaching beautician Léonard Autié advised the bride’s strawberry-blonde beard “badly arranged” for the occasion. The comment, accounting in his journal, may accept reflected his animosity with the beautician Sieur Larsenneur, who styled Marie Antoinette’s beard on the day of her bells in a low, delicate upsweep adorned with adorning gems. Léonard autonomous for added busy hairstyles for Marie Antoinette aback he afterwards became her hairdresser.

Despite the appearance faux pas on her bells day, queen Marie Antoinette adherent abundant efforts to her accessible image. Her milliner (hatter) Rose Bertin and beautician Léonard became accepted as the queen’s ‘Ministers of Fashion’, ambience precedents for approaching celebrity stylists. But Marie Antoinette’s acceptability for absurdity (as able-bodied as her Austrian origins) contributed to her unpopularity. The French Revolution bankrupt out in 1789; the French absolution was baffled in 1792; and Marie Antoinette was accomplished by decollate in 1793, a few months afterwards her husband.

2 Queen Victoria

When Queen Victoria’s mother, Angel Victoire of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, affiliated King George III’s fourth son – Prince Edward, Battle of Kent and Strathearn – in 1818, she was dressed in an busy cloth-of-gold gown. This followed the attitude of Hanoverian brides, who wore cloister dress or aristocratic apparel on their bells day. And aback Queen Victoria’s accessory Angel Charlotte affiliated the approaching Leopold I of Belgium on 2 May 1816, the helpmate wore a bright ensemble of “silver absolutist on net, over a argent tissue slip, abstract at the basal with argent absolutist in shells and flowers”. The dress, which is the ancient British aristocratic bells clothes that survives to this day, additionally boasted “manteaux [a apart sleeveless blind or shawl]… of argent tissue lined with white satin, with a bound of adornment to acknowledgment that on the dress.”

But in 1840, for her bells to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in St James’s Palace, the adolescent Queen Victoria ancient from Hanoverian cloister attitude by cutting a analogously simple bells dress of white cottony glassy akin with applique and orange blossoms. Victoria declared her dress and jewels in her journal: “I wore a white glassy dress, with a abysmal camp of Honiton lace, an apery of an old design. My jewels were my Turkish architecture chaplet & earrings & baby Albert’s admirable azure brooch.”

Technically, Queen Victoria was not the aboriginal aristocratic helpmate to opt for white – Mary, Queen of Scots wore white on her aboriginal bells day (when she affiliated the approaching King Francois II of France, in 1558). Queen Victoria’s best of bells dress, however, captured the accepted acuteness and aggressive added brides to accept white bells dresses – a trend that continues today.

In her best of dress, Victoria was agog to advance British industry and accomplishment during a aeon aback English cottony and lace-making were experiencing a aeon of decline. The cottony glassy was alloyed in Spitalfields, East London, and the applique came from Honiton and Beer in Devon. Victoria admired her bells applique and wore it on important occasions for the blow of her reign, including her Architecture Jubilee in 1897.

While Queen Victoria’s dress set a new trend, Victoria herself capital to be a accepted helpmate by demography the aforementioned vows as added women of her time. It was asked whether she capital to vow to obey Prince Albert and to this Victoria answered yes, because she capital to be affiliated as a abreast woman, not as queen.

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Modern aristocratic brides abide to chase Victoria in showcasing British industry in their best of bells accoutrements – including Catherine Middleton, who wore a dress advised by Sarah Burton for the British appearance abode Alexander McQueen aback she affiliated Prince William on 29 April 2011. A account appear by Buckingham Palace anon afterwards the bells read: “Miss Middleton chose British cast Alexander McQueen for the adorableness of its adroitness and its account for acceptable ability and the abstruse architecture of clothing.” The applique appliqué for the bodice and brim was hand-made by the Aristocratic School of Needlework, based at Hampton Cloister Palace, and the applique architecture was hand-engineered application the Carrickmacross lace-making technique, which originated in Ireland in the 1820s.

3 Queen Maud of Norway

When Angel Maud of Wales (granddaughter of Queen Victoria and the youngest babe of the approaching King Edward VII) affiliated Prince Charles of Denmark (later King Haakon VII of Norway) on 22 July 1896, she chose a analogously simple bells dress that did not absorb lace. A account women’s annual of the time explained to readers: “The bells gown, fabricated in Spitalfields, is of authentic white English satin, with a continued alternation cut in one with the skirt, and akin in one bend with a abounding bow of mousseline de soie and orange blossoms; a ruche of chiffon and flowers borders the brim hem at the advanced and sides.” But Maud accustomed the attitude for Honiton applique (set by Queen Victoria) by cutting her mother’s Honiton applique bells veil. As aristocratic biographer Theo Aronson (1929–2003) afterwards observed: “Princess Maud, acknowledgment to her mother’s certain taste, was appreciably bigger dressed than best aristocratic brides.”

Maud’s accouterment [the clothes, linen and added accouterments calm by a helpmate for her marriage] reflected her claimed interests, decidedly her adulation of cycling, benumbed and skiing (which she took up in Norway). Hertrousseau included benumbed habits and hats, and, according to a appearance annual of the time, “A cycling-gown, which is the actual archetypal of able smartness, is of tan bolt lined with a ablaze cottony serge and faced with advertisement linen collar and lapels”. The accouterment additionally included “for yachting, a airy little dejected serge frock”.

Maud was not the alone granddaughter of Queen Victoria who autonomous to absolute the bulk of applique in her bells ensemble. Aback Angel Marie of Edinburgh affiliated the approaching Ferdinand I of Romania in 1893, she eschewed the acceptable Honiton applique blind beat by British aristocratic brides and chose instead a tulle blind to accompany a bells dress alleged by her mother. Afterwards in life, as queen of Romania, Marie developed a different faculty of style, accumulation adventurous interpretations of acceptable folk costumes.

The artlessness of Maud’s clothes has been an afflatus for consecutive aristocratic brides. Aback Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby, the accepted acme angel of Norway, affiliated Acme Prince Haakon in 2001, she wore a cottony ache dress with continued sleeves, a corset waist and a two-metre train. The designer, Ove Harder Finseth, is said to accept been afflicted by Maud’s bells dress.



4 Angel Irina of Russia

Imperial Russian bells dresses commonly beat by admirable duchesses were so abundant that the helpmate generally begin it difficult to move at the ceremony. Tsar Nicholas II’s accessory Admirable Amazon Marie Pavlovna recalled cutting “a clothes of argent bolt so blubbery that it seemed to be fabricated of cardboard” aback she affiliated Prince Wilhelm of Sweden in 1908.

When Nicholas’s niece Angel Irina Alexandrovna affiliated Prince Felix Yusupov – one of the wealthiest men in Russia – at the Anichkov Palace in 1914, she absitively not to abrasion a cloister dress and instead fabricated her own best of bells attire. Felix wrote in his memoirs: “Irina’s bells dress was magnificent; it was of white glassy abstract in silver, with a continued train.” Irina’s veil, captivated in abode by a adornment of bedrock clear and diamonds, already belonged to Marie Antoinette. The automated appearance of Irina’s bells dress afflicted approaching bells dresses appropriate into the 1920s.

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In accession to the another dress, the bells of Irina and Felix featured an anarchistic bells allowance as well. Aback Tsar Nicholas II (along with his wife, Empress Alexandra) asked Felix what he would like as a bells present, the benedict requested the advantage of sitting in the Imperial box at the theatre. According to Felix, “Nicholas II blithely agreed”. But the affable affinity amid Felix and the Tsarwas not to last. It came to an brusque end aback Felix (along with the Tsar’s accessory Admirable Battle Dmitri Pavlovich) organised the annihilation of Empress Alexandra’s abstruse and acceptance healer Rasputin at the Yusupov Palace (also accepted as the Moika Palace) in 1916 because they were anxious about Rasputin’s access over the Imperial family.

Felix and Irina survived the Russian Revolution that followed and fled to the Crimea. The brace eventually acclimatized in Paris, active there from 1920 until their deaths (Felix died in 1967 and Irina followed in 1970).

5 Mary, Angel Aristocratic and Countess of Harewood

Princess Mary, the alone babe of King George V and Queen Mary, affiliated Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood, at Westminster Abbey in 1922. The princess’s accommodation to ally an Englishman rather than a adopted prince was acutely popular. Mary’s brother Albert (the approaching King George VI) wrote to their earlier brother David (the approaching King Edward VIII): “Mary’s bells is causing a abundant accord of assignment to abounding bodies & as far as I can accomplish out the 28th is activity to be a day of civic amusement in every believable and unconceivable manner… In actuality it is now no best Mary’s wedding, but (this from the paper) it is the ‘Abbey Wedding’ or the ‘Royal Wedding’ or the ‘National Wedding’ or alike ‘The People’s Wedding’ (I accept heard it called) ‘of our admired princess.’”

Princess Mary’s bells dress architecture was appear to the press, acceptance the accessible to appraise in detail the abstracts and appearance called by the princess. While antecedent aristocratic brides had honoured England and sometimes Wales, Scotland and Ireland in their bells dress motifs, Mary was the aboriginal aristocratic helpmate to pay accolade to the British Empire and Dominions: the adornment of her dress reflected the contributions of these regions to the Allied account during the Aboriginal Apple War. The Associated Columnist reported: “Princess Mary’s bells clothes is to be of bolt of argent of arresting design. The actual was bought by the Queen from India some years ago and is declared as a celebration of built-in manufacturing.” The hand-woven ivory cottony alternation sourced from Essex was abstract with floral symbols from the Empire and Dominions including the maple from Canada, the lotus from India, the arrangement from Australia and the bracken from New Zealand.

When Meghan Markle affiliated Prince Harry in May 2018, she honoured the Commonwealth with the floral motifs abstract on her blind – these included the bunchberry from Canada, the kowhai from New Zealand, and, like Angel Mary, the lotus from India and the arrangement from Australia.

6 Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother

Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (better accepted as Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother) was one of the bridesmaids at the bells of Angel Mary, and, like her sister-in-law, she too chose to add claimed touches to her bells clothes aback she affiliated the Battle of York (the approaching King George VI) in 1923 at Westminster Abbey.

Elizabeth’s short-sleeved ivory chiffon moire (silk) bells dress reflected the appearance trends of the aboriginal 1920s, artful the alone waist and abounding contour popularised by the French appearance artist Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel. The dress boasted two trains – one absorbed at the hips; the added at the shoulders. The veil, loaned to the helpmate by her approaching mother-in-law, Queen Mary, was fabricated of Flanders lace. Elizabeth was admiring with her bells ensemble, acquainted in her account that “it looked lovely.”

Three added audible characteristics of Elizabeth’s bells clothes admiring accepted attention. First, the dress included a band of Brussels Applique beat by one of the bride’s Scottish ancestors at a brawl for Charles Edward Stuart, the Bonnie Prince Charlie (who in 1745 had challenged the groom’s ancestor, King George II, for the British throne). Elizabeth additionally congenital bounce blooming tulle into the accents on her own dress and those of her bridesmaids, bidding a announcer of the time to observe: “In the accent the helpmate has defied all old superstitions about the unluckiness of green.” Elizabeth’s dress additionally congenital a argent and rose thistle, emphasising the bride’s Scottish ancestry as the babe of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore.

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While Elizabeth’s bells clothes was audibly 1920s in style, with her boutonniere she began an important aristocratic bells attitude that continues to the present day. In honour of her ancient brother Fergus, who had been dead at the action of Loos during the Aboriginal Apple War, Elizabeth placed her boutonniere on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Westminster Abbey. This attitude is still empiric by 21st-century aristocratic brides including Catherine Middleton and Meghan Markle.

7 Wallis Simpson, Amazon of Windsor

The bells of the battle of Windsor (the above King Edward VIII) to Wallis Simpson, a twice-divorced American, at the Château de Candéin France in 1937, was one of the best arguable aristocratic weddings of the 20th-century. The aristocratic ancestors boycotted the commemoration and as the woman broadly abhorrent for the Abdication Crisis of 1936, Simpson was beneath no obligation to chase aristocratic attitude in her best of bells attire. There was common belief about what Wallis would abrasion on the day.

TIME Magazine reported: “She wore a dress that best U. S. administration food were anon to feature: bendable dejected ache with a tight, buttoned bodice, a halo-shaped hat of the aforementioned color, shoes and gloves to match. At her throat was a amazing diamond-&-sapphire brooch. Mrs. Warfield agitated a adoration book, had no boutonniere but wore a ample lavender acclaim at her waist.” The colour of the dress akin the bride’s eyes and became accepted as ‘Wallis Blue’, bidding accepted appeal for dresses in this colour.

The amazon of Windsor was acquainted of the actual and cultural acceptation of her bells dress – in 1950, she donated the dress to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Due to a birthmark in the dye, the dress has back achromatic to a chrism colour, authoritative it attending like a added accepted bells dress of the time. Afterwards her afterlife in 1986, the duchess’s jewellery was auctioned for charity.



8 Sarah Ferguson, Amazon of York

Sarah Ferguson affiliated Queen Elizabeth II’s additional son, Prince Andrew, Battle of York, at Westminster Abbey in 1986. In the architecture of her bells gown, Ferguson was aggressive by Norman Hartnell’s abundantly abstract architecture for the approaching Queen Elizabeth II’s bells dress in 1947. In adverse to her mother-in-law, however, the amazon chose Italian cottony because it was bigger able to abutment the adornment than English silk. She additionally personalised the embroidery, allotment a bee to represent her own ancestors acme and anchors to represent Andrew’s argosy career, in accession to English roses.

The amazon declared her bells dress in her memoirs: “I was amid into my ivory bells dress, an admirable conception I’d absent twenty-six pounds to fit into. Lindka [Cierach] was a genius; I knew she could accomplish the best adulatory clothes ever, and she had. It was amazingly boned, like a corset. We’d called amazon glassy because it was the creamiest actual in the world. It never creases. It is as bland as bottle and hangs beautifully, afterwards a distinct bulge; it fabricated my bargain amount attending alike better.” The dress accepted cumbersome, however, aback the new amazon curtsied to the queen afterwards the commemoration and she appeared to about bead to the floor.

The Battle and Amazon of York afar in 1992 and afar in 1996. Their babe Angel Eugenie will ally Jack Brooksbank at St George’s Chapel, Windsor, on 12 October 2018. Whether she will absorb motifs from her mother’s bells dress into her own conjugal ensemble charcoal to be seen.

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Dr Carolyn Harris is an adviser in history at the University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies and the columnist of three books: Raising Royalty: 1000 Years of Aristocratic Parenting (Dundurn Press, 2017); Queenship and Revolution in Aboriginal Modern Europe: Henrietta Maria and Marie Antoinette (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016); and Magna Carta and Its Gifts to Canada (Dundurn Press, 2015).

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          “It is for publishers to provide Plan S-compliant routes to publication in their journals.”      Cache   Translate Page      
An interview with Robert-Jan Smits, with preface

Robert-Jan Smits
On 4th September, Robert-Jan Smits, the Open Access Envoy of the European Commission, and Marc Schiltz, the President of Science Europe, announced Plan S, a radical new initiative designed to ensure that by 2020 all research papers arising from funding provided by 11 (now 13) European funders are made open access immediately on publication.

The plan is based on 10 clear principles but short on detail as to how those principles will be implemented. If successful, however, Plan S could have a dramatic impact on both publishers and researchers. For instance, reported Nature, as written the 10 principles could see European researchers barred from publishing in 85% of journals, including influential titles such as Nature and Science.

The ‘S’ in Plan S can stand for ‘science, speed, solution, shock’, Smits told Nature. Shock would certainly seem to be an appropriate word, and shock was surely what publishers felt when Plan S was announced. After all, they have successfully managed to delay and subvert open access for some 25 years now. They perhaps assumed they could continue doing so. But if successful, Plan S could bring this dilly-dallying to a dramatic end. Alternatively, Plan S could fail to achieve its objectives.

That publishers do not like Plan S is, of course, no surprise. That was doubtless what the architects of the initiative anticipated. What they perhaps did not anticipate was that they would face pushback from researchers. Yet just a week after the announcement nine researchers published a critical article entitled, A Response to Plan-S from Academic Researchers: Unethical, Too Risky! This appears to have shocked the Plan S architects as thoroughly as their plan must have shocked publishers. Smits immediately summoned two of the authors to Brussels, and Schiltz took to Twitter to suggest that the article was “slanderous”.

Since then there has been a torrent of commentary and critique of Plan S, and the initiative is proving uncomfortably divisive. While publishers (and at least some researchers) are appalled by Plan S, open access advocates, as could be expected, have welcomed the initiative.

Disappointed


The problem right now, however, is that there is too little information on how Plan S would work in practice. This means it is nigh impossible for informed commentary to take place, and we are seeing frequent calls for clarification.

On 12th September, therefore, I invited Smits to do an interview with me, in the hope that he could provide that clarification. I suggested we do this either by telephone or email. Smits agreed and said he would prefer to do it by email. So, I emailed him a list of questions and waited for his replies. These arrived on Monday this week.  

I have to confess to being disappointed on reading them. From my perspective, they do not provide the clarification I was hoping they would. I accept that my questions are long and somewhat sceptical (some might say tendentious) but, as I see it, they offered Smits a chance to dispel some of the confusion around Plan S and to demonstrate that my scepticism is misplaced. I don’t feel he did either.

When I shared my disappointment with Smits he expressed surprise and replied, “I looked once more to the replies I sent to your questions and remain of the opinion that they address the issues you put forward.” He added that he is getting over 300 emails a day and tries to reply to each one – signalling that time is in short supply for him. 

I am, of course, entirely sympathetic to the challenge Smits faces with Plan S, and the huge demand it must be making on his time. Nevertheless, there is a great deal of confusion out there, and on reading his replies I could not help but feel he had missed an opportunity to clarify matters.

This seemed the more striking given his assurance to me that, “my door is open to anyone who wants to drop by to discuss Open Access and Plan S”. He added that he prefers a ‘face to face’ approach to using email. Perhaps it might have helped, I thought, if he had taken up my offer of a telephone interview – or even a face to face on Skype.

Meat in the sandwich


But maybe I was missing the point. What we learn from what Smits says below perhaps is something that had not occurred to me, and perhaps has not occurred to the many commentators on social media calling for clarification. In two of his answers, Smits indicates that the ball is now in the publishers’ court. As he puts it the first time he says it, “We expect publishers to come forward with offerings which comply with the principles outlined in Plan S”. Later he says, “It is for publishers to provide Plan S-compliant routes to publication in their journals so that researchers can choose where to publish when accepting funding from those who sign Plan S.”

This would seem to imply that Smits and the members of cOAlition S (the group of funders who have signed up to Plan S) are not currently especially concerned about the details of how the 10 principles are implemented, just that they will be implemented. In other words, cOAlition S is saying to publishers: “These are the conditions that we plan to insist on when funding research in Europe from 2020. So long as you can meet these conditions the details of how you do so are not of great interest to us right now. It is for you publishers to tell us how you plan to implement the principles.”

Presumably, it is only after publishers have done this that cOAlition S expects to publish the implementation plan that Smits talks about below. And while he says he is happy to discuss Plan S with “all interested groups”, Smits insists that cOAlition S will “stand by the principles set out in Plan S”. We might of course wonder what benefit there is in discussions if cOAlition S is immoveable on the 10 principles.

That said, at first blush, this might seem like a good approach. In fact, I have myself on a number of occasions argued that publishers should not be treated as stakeholders, but as service providers. As such, the research community should be telling them what services it would like them to provide, and then inviting them to quote for providing them. Only if the conditions and the price are acceptable should the research community then proceed to contract any particular publisher to provide the service tendered for.

The problem with the way in which Plan S seems intent on doing this, however, is two-fold. First, regardless of the talk of (unspecified) APC caps, it is not clear how these can be effectively applied – particularly if the rest of the world does not follow Europe’s example. As a result, the research community may find it has to shell out even more money for publishers’ services, regardless of any caps. And what happens if publishers decide not to engage with Plan S in any meaningful way?

Second (and more importantly), it could be argued that European funders are not part of the research community. They are its paymasters. And in the neoliberal environment that universities now have to operate in researchers’ interests are not fully aligned with those of research funders. This means that in its battle with publishers, cOAlition S may end up punishing European researchers as, or more, brutally than it punishes the real target – publishers. Researchers will be the meat in the sandwich of Plan S, collateral damage in a war that the vast majority of them never signed up to, or wanted to see take place. There are also very real concerns that Plan S will wreak havoc on learned societies.

It is for these reasons, I believe, that in opposing Plan S researchers often do so in terms of a threat to academic freedom.

That OA advocates tend to ridicule and deride those who fret over academic freedom suggests to me that they have become so focused on the ends of OA that they are blind to the damage that the means might inflict on their peers, and on many societies.

Highly unlikely


Finally, I want to answer one of the questions that Smits puts back to me below. He asks, “Why do you keep on saying that Plan S is about Gold Open Access? Do read the 10 principles again and you will notice that the plan does not use Gold or Green terminology. The plan welcomes self-archiving and repositories.”

My answer is this: It doesn’t matter whether the terms Green or Gold are used. Principle 1 of Plan S states, “Authors [must] retain copyright of their publication with no restrictions. All publications must be published under an open license, preferably the Creative Commons Attribution Licence CC BY.” And cOAlition S insists that this applies to both gold and green OA, and in all cases OA must be immediate.

It seems highly unlikely to me that for-profit legacy publishers will offer green OA on those terms. Instead, they will focus on gold OA and seek to extract as much money as possible from the research community, caps or no caps, even as many non-profit learned societies face an existential financial threat.

Importantly, as Peter Suber has pointed out, there is no acknowledgement in Plan S that repositories can provide OA. This suggests they are seen as archival tools alone.

The good news is that when I expressed my disappointment with his answers Smits said he would be happy to meet with me when he is in London next month. If that meeting takes place perhaps I will be able to get a clearer view of how Smits sees Plan S achieving its objectives, and why he routinely pooh-poohs any talk of academic freedom in relation to his initiative.


The interview begins …


RP: As I understand it, the background to Plan S is that during the Dutch Presidency of the Council of the European Union in 2016 the EU issued the Amsterdam Call for Action on Open Science. (At the time you were Director-General for Research and Innovation at the EU). This called for “immediate” open access to all scientific papers by 2020. But by the end of 2017 it was clear that this goal was not going to be achieved unless more drastic action was taken, not least because the Amsterdam Call offered no specific strategy for achieving OA by 2020. Earlier this year, therefore, you were appointed Special Adviser on Open Access and Innovation and charged with making sure it happened. Plan S is your solution and it consists of 10 principles, the key one being that “After 1 January 2020 scientific publications on the results from research funded by public grants provided by national and European research councils and funding bodies, must be published in compliant Open Access Journals or on compliant Open Access Platforms.” In fact, Plan S is a list of principles, not a detailed action plan. That is, it is not a mandate but what OA advocate Peter Suber describes as “a plan for a mandate”. I realise that some transition arrangements are envisaged, but how realistic is it to expect that in 15 months’ time all European research will be made immediately available on an OA basis, particularly if legacy publishers prove reluctant to co-operate in a meaningful way?

R-J S: The 2016 Amsterdam Call set the 2020 target and, since little progress is being made, Plan S provides the specific strategy which you mention to achieve that target. However, Plan S cannot and will not override contracts which are in place before 1/1/20 and of course, we are willing to respect short-term transitional arrangements and on-going discussions on such arrangements.

RP: I wonder if it might be more accurate to say that Plan S is intended to frighten legacy publishers into moving more quickly towards OA, with the end game (presumably) of having them flip all their subscription journals to open access (as some have proposed), and reducing their prices in the process? Either way, do you expect legacy publishers to accept all the principles outlined in Plan S (and incorporated into cOAlition S under the aegis of Science Europe?). As things stand, it would seem that the International Association of STM Publishers does not accept the proposal that hybrid OA be outlawed. And I do not think it expects publishers to reduce their prices. As STM puts it, “in the absence of adequate funding a transition to Open Access as envisaged by cOAlition S is unlikely to happen in practice.”

R-J S: We expect publishers to come forward with offerings which comply with the principles outlined in Plan S. We make no statement about whether publishers are ‘legacy’ or whether they are new providers with new platforms.

RP: I assume you anticipated there would be pushback from publishers, but perhaps you did not expect pushback from researchers? Either way, we are seeing pushback. Last week, for instance, one of the leading open access advocates Stevan Harnad called for Plan S (and all OA policies) to drop any requirement for gold OA publishing and focus exclusively on mandating green OA (self-archiving). This would seem to envisage Plan S being reversed since it is currently almost exclusively focused on gold OA. Three days earlier, eight researchers published a highly-critical article about Plan S, denouncing it as unethical and too risky. I assume such criticism is of concern as I am told you called the lead author of the article Lynn Kamerlin and invited her to Brussels to discuss Plan S. How confident are you that you can address her and other researchers’ concerns? They clearly feel they are becoming the meat in the sandwich in the struggle between research funders and legacy publishers. And might we see resistance amongst researchers grow as the implications of Plan S are more widely publicised and become clearer? Combined with publisher resistance might this necessitate significantly watering down or even abandoning key Plan S principles?

R-J S: You probably have seen the many positive reactions from researchers and representatives of the science community to Plan S. Of course, there are also critical voices. I have indeed invited Britt [J Britt Holbrook, one of the co-authors of the above paper] and Lynn for a meeting to see why it is we differ of opinion. In developing the implementation plans there will, of course, be discussion with all interested groups. We will, however, stand by the principles set out in Plan S.

The role of repositories


RP: One of the concerns being expressed is that Plan S portrays green OA and repositories as having little more than an archival role, not as providers of OA. This is one of the concerns expressed by de facto leader of the OA movement Peter Suber, who has written of Plan S, “There's no acknowledgement of their [repositories and green OA] importance for OA itself! This is the same mistake made by the Finch Group in 2012, which was inexcusable even at the time, and should never be repeated by informed, high-level policy-makers.” I assume, however, that the reality is that green OA inevitably conflicts with the principles of Plan S, which calls, amongst other things, for papers to be made OA “immediately” and with a CC BY licence attached. I cannot envisage many legacy publishers agreeing to this. So I guess the point is that if green OA cannot conform to the principles of Plan S then it cannot be viewed as providing open access, and that is presumably why Plan S does not view it as such. Would that be right? If not, how can this circle be squared?

R-J S: Plan S does not talk about Gold, Green, Diamond or Platinum Open Access. Plan S is entirely supportive of pre-prints and repositories and welcomes those journals where the final publication is published without paywalls and no embargo, being also published under a CC-BY or similar licence.

RP: Another concern that has been raised is that Plan S is contrary to long-standing principles of academic freedom. For instance, since Plan S says that hybrid OA is not compliant with its principles European researchers will be banned from publishing in a great many journals that they currently publish in and love. As Nature put it, “as written, Plan S would bar researchers from publishing in 85% of journals, including influential titles such as Nature and Science.” This concern about academic freedom might seem a genuine grievance in light of a 1997 UNESCO document that states, “higher-education teaching personnel should be free to publish the results of research and scholarship in books, journals and databases of their own choice”.

Concern about academic freedom is also being cited as one of the reasons why some countries (notably Germany) have not signed up to Plan S. Indeed, researchers at the University of Konstanz have taken their university to court for simply trying to mandate them to self-archive their papers in their institutional repository, which might seem far less of an imposition than telling them that they are henceforth barred from publishing in 85% of the journals they currently publish in.

Some also argue that requiring researchers to publish their work with a CC BY licence attached raises issues of academic freedom.

On the other hand, in the Plan S document signed by Science Europe President Marc Schiltz it says, “We recognise that researchers need to be given a maximum of freedom to choose the proper venue for publishing their results and that in some jurisdictions this freedom may be covered by a legal or constitutional protection.”

How do you respond to the claims that Plan S threatens to infringe researchers’ academic freedom? And how does Schiltz’s statement about freedom to choose fit with the principles of Plan S? Once again, how can this square be circled?

R-J S: Strong mandates have been in place from many funders in different countries for many years so the principle of funder mandates in the research system is well-established. See what Peter Suber writes about this. It is for publishers to provide Plan S-compliant routes to publication in their journals so that researchers can choose where to publish when accepting funding from those who sign Plan S.

RP: Plan S also argues that current researcher evaluation systems need to be changed so that publishing in prestigious legacy journals is no longer encouraged. Might it not have been better to change evaluation systems before banning publication in subscription journals? Would this not have been fairer than suddenly telling them to stop publishing in 85% of the journals that their universities are still incentivising them to publish in, and have been doing for many decades?

R-J S: The San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment and the Leiden Manifesto both pre-date the Amsterdam Call for Action. There is nothing ‘suddenly’ happening. That during all years not much action was undertaken, is exactly the reason why Plan S was developed.

Costs


RP: Another reason why some European countries appear to be dragging their heels over signing up to Plan S is that they assume it will increase the costs of publishing rather than reduce it. The DFG, for instance, says that “it surmises that open access mandates can lead to increased article processing charges (APC), an effect that the DFG strives to minimise.” I understand Plan S envisages APCs being capped, but what in your view is a reasonable APC? And how would a cap work in practice? (Presumably, for instance, universities and researchers could decide to themselves pay more than the cap in order to have their papers published, and indeed to publish them in expensive hybrid journals produced by Springer, Wiley, Taylor & Francis, and Elsevier?).

R-J S: Caps on APCs will be considered as part of the implementation of Plan S. Publications arising from our funding must be Plan S-compliant.

RP: Plan S says that it will support the creation of open access journals or platforms and open access infrastructures where necessary. Another concern raised by Suber is that this does not include a commitment to creating and supporting open infrastructure. I.e., he says, “platforms running on open-source software, under open standards, with open APIs for interoperability, preferably owned or hosted by non-profit organizations.” As such, Suber says, Plan S, will not prevent open infrastructure being appropriated by legacy publishers in the way that SSRN and bepress were acquired. As you will know, a number of funders (Wellcome, Gates etc.) have created their own publishing platforms but outsourced fulfilment to the for-profit company F1000. The F1000 platform, I believe, is a proprietary, and details of what it charges funders are secret, which does not seem to fit with the ethos of open science. The EU also plans to create its own publishing platform. I wonder, therefore, if the reference to platforms and OA infrastructures in Plan S is essentially a reference to the planned EU Open Research Publishing Platform? As I understand it, this will not necessarily be open source, and some believe that the exacting requirements specified in the tender document means that it could only be operated by a large legacy publisher or similar. Can you comment on these points?

R-J S: Plan S sets out the principles for an open access funding system. It says nothing about the ownership of journals and platforms. It does not mention any particular platform.

 

The same trap?


RP: Open access is a hugely complex topic. I believe you suggested to Kamerlin that in order to better understand the issues she should watch the movie Paywall. However, I wonder if the issues are more complicated than either Paywall or Plan S assumes? The movie, we could note, was made by an OA advocate, funded by an OA advocacy organisation, and consists of interviews primarily with other OA advocates. It includes interviews with just two legacy publishers. As such, as I pointed out in the review I did for Nature, Paywall is an advocacy film, not one intended to explore the complexities of open access. At no point, for instance, does the movie mention APCs or explain how OA can be funded. As such, it tells us what OA advocates want, but fails to explain how this can be achieved financially. The OA movement has a history of making declarations, issuing calls, and offering up what in the movie John Wilbanks calls “witness and testimony” but it has consistently failed to come up with financially feasible solutions. Is there a danger that Plan S has fallen into the same trap?

R-J S: Plan S does not mention the Paywall movie. All of the parties involved in Plan S will have their own views about the publishing industry but Plan S states what we have collectively signed up to.

RP: How likely do you think it is that all European countries will sign up to Plan S? Neither Germany nor Switzerland has yet done so, and researchers in Norway are asking whether the likely consequences of the proposed changes are proportionate to what can realistically be achieved in such a short period of time. Meanwhile, those European countries with limited research budgets will surely be unhappy to commit to paying for gold OA. I understand you also hope to get the US to buy into the Plan, which would seem to be an even greater challenge since the US has historically preferred green OA and it does not have the same centralised system as Europe. As Roger Schonfeld has put it, “[T]he higher education sector in most of North America is very different from Europe, in one key element: North America is as decentralized as Europe is, at a national level, centrally coordinated.” The challenge here surely is that Plan S can only achieve its objectives if the whole world signs up to it, or at least all those countries with large research budgets? Unless they do, for instance, Europe will find it is having to pay for gold OA plus continue to pay subscriptions in order to access the research produced in countries that do not sign up. Would you agree? How hopeful are you that you will manage to sign up a sufficient number of countries to make Plan S workable?

R-J S: Why do you keep on saying that Plan S is about Gold Open Access? Do read the 10 principles again and you will notice that the plan does not use Gold or Green terminology. The plan welcomes self-archiving and repositories. I am confident that Plan S is workable.

The global South


RP: On the other hand, if Plan S does succeed it will further marginalise and disadvantage those in the global South. If all the world’s subscription journals flipped to gold OA, for instance, where today researchers in the global South are not able to afford to access the world’s research, in future they would be unable to afford to publish their own research – which might seem a worse position to be in. Does Plan S have a solution to this problem? Will it provide money to enable those in the global South to publish their research? I am not aware that this issue is discussed in the various Plan S documents.

R-J S: Getting rid of paywalls will help researchers in the global South to access publicly funded research without charge. This huge advantage cannot be denied. Furthermore, there are many routes to publishing research available to all countries including no-embargo open access.

RP: It seems to me that one thing most people agree on today is that legacy publishers have become too powerful and have acquired indefensible monopoly powers. Is it not time to hand the matter over to the EU Commissioner for Competition Margrethe Vestager with a view to, say, breaking up these monsters?

R-J S: I still am optimistic that through plan S, we can accelerate the transition to full and immediate Open Access in partnership, including in partnership with the publishers you are referring to.

RP: I understand that on 1st March you will be moving on, to become President of TU-Eindhoven. Would it not be better to stay with the project until it is clear that it has been a success? 

R-J S: Plan S is carried by a consortium of funders under the umbrella of Science Europe. It is not the work of one person. Furthermore, I am far from being indispensable.

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It’s safe to say virtually every Norwegian can remember where they were on July 22, 2011. That was the day a lone-wolf far-right terrorist named Anders Behring Breivik set off a car bomb in the government district of Oslo and then later opened fire on a summer camp on the nearby island of Utøya,...


          With '22 July,' Paul Greengrass tackles Norway's deadly 2011 terror attack and the perils of far-right extremism      Cache   Translate Page      

It’s safe to say virtually every Norwegian can remember where they were on July 22, 2011. That was the day a lone-wolf far-right terrorist named Anders Behring Breivik set off a car bomb in the government district of Oslo and then later opened fire on a summer camp on the nearby island of Utøya,...


          Physicians' questions concerning drug use among older patients: experience from Norwegian drug information centres (RELIS) in the period 2010-2015.      Cache   Translate Page      
Icon for Springer Related Articles

Physicians' questions concerning drug use among older patients: experience from Norwegian drug information centres (RELIS) in the period 2010-2015.

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2018 Jul;30(7):867-870

Authors: Schjøtt J

Abstract
Questions from physicians to regional medicines information and pharmacovigilance centres in Norway (RELIS) concerning older patients were described. Question-answer pairs (QAPs) from the RELIS database indexed with the category "older", and concerning individual patients from the period 01 Jan 2010 to 31 Dec 2015, were analysed. Two-hundred and eight QAPs categorized with "older" were retrieved from a total of 16 710 in the study period, and 122 of 208 QAPs fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The most common categories of drugs in question (n = 228) according to the ATC system were N: Nervous system (30.3%) and C: Cardiovascular system (23.7%). Questions from physicians (n = 122) were most frequently about adverse effects (41.8%) and treatment (39.3%). The majority of questions to RELIS concerning older patients came from general practice (GP). The results suggest drug information efforts to GPs in care of older patients with regard to psychopharmacology and cardiovascular pharmacology.

PMID: 28929445 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


          With '22 July,' Paul Greengrass tackles Norway's deadly 2011 terror attack and the perils of far-right extremism      Cache   Translate Page      

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It’s safe to say virtually every Norwegian can remember where they were on July 22, 2011. That was the day a lone-wolf far-right terrorist named Anders Behring Breivik set off a car bomb in the government district of Oslo and then later opened fire on a summer camp on the nearby island of Utøya,...


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          Europe must respect migrants' rights: Ministers      Cache   Translate Page      

Rome, Oct 10 (IANS/AKI) Europe must save migrants and uphold their human rights and international law, Italy's Foreign Minister Enzo Moavero Milanesi and his Norwegian counterpart Ine Eriksen Soreide said.

"People must be rescued," Moavero told reporters at a joint press conference with Eriksen Soreide after talks with her at the Foreign Ministry in Rome on Tuesday.

"Those who have the right to asylum should be given shelter as a refugee while the others must be saved and possibly repatriated," he said.

Eriksen Soreide agreed with Moavero that European Union states should respect migrants' human rights under international law and take part in a European solution to migration.

"The challenge is too big for one country to take on alone," she said.

Norway took part in past European responses to the migration crisis and will continue to do so in future, Eriksen Soreide underlined.

"Our position is clear: international obligations and human rights must be respected," Eriksen Søreide underlined.

--IANS/AKI

mr/


          Norway Chess med nye «revolusjonerende» regler      Cache   Translate Page      
Arrangøren av Norway Chess er lei av at for mange partier ender i remis og har laget helt nye regler foran 2019-turneringen, skriver nettsiden mattogpatt.
          Hillary Clinton Tells Republicans What They Can Do With Their Damn 'Civility'      Cache   Translate Page      


My soul sister Hillary Clinton came out swinging Tuesday in a CNN interview where she observed, because she is alive and has full possession of her faculties, that the Republican Party is a bunch of gangsters and gangsters are bad news.

"You cannot be civil with a political party that wants to destroy what you stand for, what you care about," Clinton said in an interview with CNN's Christiane Amanpour. "That's why I believe, if we are fortunate enough to win back the House and or the Senate, that's when civility can start again. But until then, the only thing that the Republicans seem to recognize and respect is strength."

Civility can begin once we've electorally disarmed those who can hurt us. Seems reasonable. Clinton went on to describe the modern-day GOP as "driven by the lust for power," and "funded by corporate interests who want a government that does its bidding." Then she got funky.

"Hill-Boogie spars with stars and constellations. Then came down for a little conversation. Adjacent to the king, fear no human being. Roll with cherubims to Nassau Coliseum. Now hear this mixture, where Hip Hop meets scripture. Develop a negative into a positive picture."

OK, she didn't say that last part, but the people's president was spitting fire.


All that truth triggered multiple alarms in the White House, and the caped con artist Kellyanne Conway rushed to the "Lying-mobile" to stamp it out. It's always a gas with her. What alternate reality will Conway whip out of her utility belt to insult our intelligence with this time?

"Usually when she opens her mouth, respectfully, she offends at least one half of the country, and she did it again, but I think her discourse now is a little bit dangerous," Conway said in an appearance on the White House lawn.

"I don't like the implications there," she said. "It's one thing to call us deplorable, irredeemable, laugh at people who don't have all the privileges that she has had with her Ivy League law degree and her marriage to a much more popular man who was actually was a two-term president that she'll never be. . . . I don't like that kind of talk. I avoid it."

Uh, what just happened here? Conway hurled an insult cream pie at Clinton and then has the audacity to say, "I don't like that kind of talk. I avoid it." It's like Aaron Burr standing over Alexander Hamilton as he bled out and insisting, "Honestly? I don't like duels. Something like this always happens. And who gets blamed? The guy who's still alive." But then Conway chose to just blow our minds with uncut, concentrated absurdity.

"My boss has called for civility. He says he represents all Americans."

Conway works for Donald Trump not the ghost of Fred Rogers. Trump literally just published an op-ed in USA Today, like, today that was nothing but lies and libels of liberals with some helpful punctuation the USA Today editors added when transcribing it from the original roll of toilet paper.

The truth is that the centrist Democratic Party is dead. The new Democrats are radical socialists who want to model America's economy after Venezuela.

(He also literally, last night, called Democrats "evil.")

You'll note that self-declared Democratic Socialists such as Bernie Sanders and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez usually refer to the economies of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark when discussing their nefarious plans. But countries like Denmark are predominately white with record levels of happiness. Venezuela has a white minority, so the "failed stated" rhetoric is a not-so-subtle dog whistle. That is what the US could become with all those brown people voting for "free stuff."

It's also why Trump and the GOP's talk of "angry mobs" confronting innocent Republicans scare white people so much. We like to avoid addressing the growing reality that the US is practically two separate nations: a conservative, predominately white one that the Republican Party represents and a left-of-center one that is predominately people of color, LGBT, and hippies of all creeds. When Conway, Trump, or McConnell warn of Democrats such as Hillary Clinton "stirring up the mob," they are conjuring a specific image that is direct from the work of D.W. Griffith.

Fortunately, Maxine Waters isn't having it. Aunt Maxine correctly pointed out how peaceful protest fully (well, mostly) integrated minorities and women of all races into society. She even literally brought receipts of Trump promoting actual violence at his rallies. If anyone knows about mobs, it's Don Trump.

Trump has headlined regular campaign rallies where he viciously attacks Waters, Elizabeth Warren, and Dianne Feinstein. Feinstein has even joined Clinton in eliciting a round of hearty "lock her ups" from his slack-jawed yokel supporters, just last night! The GOP can't credibly talk about "civility" when the sitting president and leader of their party gets his jollies by raising a lynch mob against women who are all eligible for senior citizen discounts. I don't expect Trump to open doors for women or even his own wife, but at the very least don't hand out Trump brand pitchforks and torches at your rallies.

Conservatives have long defined "civility" and "respect" as submission and obedience. It's what they demand from us and will never return. Now, the women of the left are vocally telling Republicans what they can do with their calls for "civility." True, some Democrats are running scared and trying to play by the "old rules" that never applied in the first place. Senator Heidi Heitkamp -- who I'm still grateful didn't dial "yes" for "rapist" -- said Clinton's comments were "ridiculous."

"I mean I can't imagine how you get anything done if you don't bring civility back into politics, and that goes for both sides," Heitkamp lamented. I don't know, lady, ask the Republicans who are chasing you out of office. They've managed quite well.

I recall the words of Malcolm X: "We are peaceful people. We are loving people. We love everybody who loves us. But we don't love anybody who doesn't love us." Seems fair, right? However, conservatives have no intention of ever "loving" or even respecting us, so they can only see this as a call to arms. Clinton and Waters are peaceful people, but they won't live in a fantasy world, no matter how rhetorically comfortable, and neither should we.

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          Brexit aside, British troops test ability to reinforce Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
British troops disembarked in the Netherlands on Wednesday en route to Norway to test NATO's ability to move personnel and armor quickly across Europe, an exercise officers said showed London's commitment to European security after Brexit.
          #enduro - erik.tonnessen      Cache   Translate Page      
Love this new flowtrack 😍🤙 - #flow #flowy #jump #sendit #endurobike #enduro #enduromtb #freeride #downhillmtb mtb #trailbiking #singletrack #rideshimano #bontrager #giro #sram #foxmtb #fox #syncros #rockshock #mtbgo #mtblife #mountainbiking #scott #scottbikes #scottnorge #scottgenius #norway #b_rage
          Brexit aside, British troops test ability to reinforce Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
British troops disembarked in the Netherlands on Wednesday en route to Norway to test NATO's ability to move personnel and armor quickly across Europe, an exercise officers said showed London's commitment to European security after Brexit.

          Double Cross: 1 of 4: The True Story of the D-Day Spies by Ben Macintyre      Cache   Translate Page      
AUTHOR. (Photo:A dummy Sherman tank United States Army - http://www.psywarrior.com/DeceptionH.html An inflatable "dummy" M4 Sherman. Permission details This image is a work of a U.S. Army soldier or employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.View more Public Domainview terms File:DummyShermanTank.jpg Created: During World War II ) http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/contact http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/schedules Twitter: @BatchelorShow Double Cross: 1 of 4: The True Story of the D-Day Spies by Ben Macintyre [](https://www.amazon.com/Double-Cross-Story-D-Day-Spies/dp/0307888754/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=) [https://www.amazon.com/Double-Cross-Story-D-Day-Spies/dp/0307888754/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=](https://www.amazon.com/Double-Cross-Story-D-Day-Spies/dp/0307888754/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=) In Double Cross, New York Times bestselling author Ben Macintyre returns with the untold story of one of the greatest deceptions of World War II, and of the extraordinary spies who achieved it. On June 6, 1944, 150,000 Allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy and suffered an astonishingly low rate of casualties. D-Day was a stunning military accomplishment, but it was also a masterpiece of trickery. Operation Fortitude, which protected and enabled the invasion, and the Double Cross system, which specialized in turning German spies into double agents, deceived the Nazis into believing that the Allies would attack at Calais and Norway rather than Normandy. It was the most sophisticated and successful deception operation ever carried out, ensuring Allied victory at the most pivotal point in the war.  This epic event has never before been told from the perspective of the key individuals in the Double Cross system, until now. These include its director (a brilliant, urbane intelligence officer), a colorful assortment of MI5 handlers (as well as their counterparts in Nazi intelligence), and the five spies who formed Double Cross’s nucleus: a dashing Serbian playboy, a Polish fighter-pilot, a bisexual Peruvian party girl, a deeply eccentric Spaniard, and a volatile Frenchwoman. The D-Day spies were, without question, one of the oddest military units ever assembled, and their success depended on the delicate, dubious relationship between spy and spymaster, both German and British. Their enterprise was saved from catastrophe by a shadowy sixth spy whose heroic sacrifice is revealed here for the first time. With the same depth of research, eye for the absurd and masterful storytelling that have made Ben Macintyre an international bestseller, Double Cross is a captivating narrative of the spies who wove a web so intricate it ensnared Hitler’s army and carried thousands of D-Day troops across the Channel in safety.
          Majors: Waiting and watching for a trigger - TDS      Cache   Translate Page      

According to Mark McCormick, North American Head of FX Strategy at TD Securities, the major currencies continue to chop around in well-contained ranges.

Key Quotes

“For the USD, we still like it lower against the major reserve currencies but it will likely take some time for this theme to play out. The midterms offer the next major pivot point but we note the much of the USD's strength runs through relative equity performance.”

“The European majors got a boost from a mix of politics and some early signs of local reflation. Norway inflation beat expectations while the BoE's Haldane highlighted the early signs of higher UK wage growth.”

“The Brexit newsflow is heading in the right direction while GBPUSD HFFV points to 1.35. That could reinforce topside in GBPCHF while EURUSD holds key levels at the bottom end of the range.”

“JPY looks the most disconnected from cyclical drivers, highlighting downside in CHFJPY. We also now like fading the rallies and in USDJPY and like buying 1y straddles.”

 


          Lake Floen, Norway      Cache   Translate Page      
We followed a path from the bridge over the Oldeelva river up to a road that curled round Lake Floen. We could perhaps have walked all the way round but I wasn’t sure there would be a bridge or connection to the other side so we turned back after reaching the lakeside. (Looking up maps […]
          Marine & Cargo Surveyor, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden      Cache   Translate Page      

We are looking for new talents After more than a century operating in Norway, Wesmans expanded to Sweden, Denmark and most recently to Finland. Our ambition is to be the Scandinavian partner-of-choice to the Marine Insurance Industry. We take pride…

The post Marine & Cargo Surveyor, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden appeared first on Sjöfartstidningen.


          Europe: Warm, fine east - Showers in west, 10 oct - 06:43      Cache   Translate Page      

Showers in western Europe, warm and dry to the east Wednesday A few showers over southern coasts of Spain and Portugal with rain into northwest Spain. Fair for most of Spain with lots of sunshine. Showery bursts of rain in the balearics. Unsettled with rain in Sardinia and Corsica. Italy will have a mix of sunshine and showers. fair for Greece with plenty of sunshine. Some showers affecting the south of Turkey. Rain and some cloud in France, heavy in the west. The Low Countries and Germany should be dry with good spells of sunshine. Staying fine in Austria and Hungary with more sunshine. Scattered showers over the southern Alps. Fine weather and breezy conditions for Denmark. Plenty of sunshine for the Baltic States and Finland. A fine day in Sweden with more sunshine. Scattered showers in northern Norway but good spells of sunshine in the south.

Thursday Soe cloud in southern parts of Spain but rain and cloud to the north. Some showers in the central mediterranean Islands and these affecting northern Italy too. Southern Italy should be dry with sunny spells. Greece will be fair with more sunshine to come here. Turkey will have heavy showers and thunderstorms. Rain afecting central and western parts of France while the east is likely to be dry. The Low Countries and Germany as well as Poland will be dry with lots of sunshine. Austria and Hungary should be dry and sunny although some rain in parts of southern Switzerland. Breezy with sunshine and warm weather in Denmark. More sunshine to come over the Baltic States and Finland and staying warm. More warm weather in Sweden with Norway also being dry and breezy as well as warm.


          '22 July' captures horror of extremism, and hope in its aftermath      Cache   Translate Page      
Paul Greengrass' gritty, live-wire directing style is something of a trademark, and it's put to efficient use in "22 July," a layered, dense look at the savage terrorist attack that rocked Norway on that date in 2011. Telling the story from multiple angles, Greengrass' spare, sobering film -- premiering simultaneously in select theaters and on Netflix -- seeks and mostly succeeds in highlighting extremism while finding humanity and resolve within the grief and chaos.

          Going behind the design of the new Chromecast      Cache   Translate Page      

The She Word is a Keyword series all about dynamic and creative women at Google, and we recently spoke to two women behind the design of the new Chromecast, which hit shelves this week. Diana Chang and Katie Morgenroth are industrial designers tasked with designing hardware that fits naturally into your home. Below, we share how they tackle that challenge, as well as what’s in store for our favorite macaron-sized Made by Google device.  

Elisabeth: How do you explain your job at a dinner party?

Diana: I make tech less intimidating, more approachable, and easier to use—building a bridge between the consumer and the technology they’re using.

Katie: These days, I’m focused on creating the conditions to help our amazing design team feel inspired and supported to do their best work. Framing design sprints, working closely with engineers to unblock challenging constraints and collaborating with the team to ensure our products are harmonious and beautiful are all in a day's work.

SheWord-9801.jpg

Diana (left) and Katie (right) in their office at Google’s headquarters in Mountain View.

What are you most excited about with the new Chromecast? How is it different than what we’ve seen before?

D: Chromecast was our first-ever Made by Google product, and the foundation of our Cast technology. It was created way before our other hardware products, so we’ve updated the new Chromecast to make it look and feel more a part of the Google hardware family. It’s a small device, and the biggest improvements are actually in the tiny details. And those details can say a lot about a brand and how much we care about the people who use our products.

K: The new design of Chromecast is all about simplicity; it looks like a little macaron. And it’s coming out in two new colors—Chalk and Charcoal—to match other devices in the Made by Google family. With all of our hardware devices, we want to make sure that they feel like they’re a part of your home.

D: And because of the low cost (it’s still $35!), Chromecast remains an easy entry point for people to experience the power of smart home entertainment.

SheWord-9829.jpg

Here it is! The new Chromecast is now available in the U.S., Canada, U.K., the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and Singapore, with more regions to come. In the U.S., you can buy it for $35 at the Google Store, Best Buy, Target, Walmart and even more retailers.

SheWord-9812.jpg

What sets Chromecast (and Made by Google products) apart from other devices?

D: The design language: it’s the reason I wanted to join Google. We’re making tech that is approachable, human-centric and easily blends in with other things in your house.

K: Echo Diana. Our aesthetic is taking a counter stance to what we traditionally think about when we imagine technology. We are carefully designing our products to look beautiful as a family or individually.

How would you describe Made by Google design aesthetic in one word?

K: Can I have two? Approachable and optimistic.

D: I would love to hear our customers describe it as sincere and honest.

What’s a challenge you face as an industrial designer?

D: Design is a form of art—unlike math, there’s no way to quantify if design is good or bad, right or wrong. And sometimes, it’s hard to explain a design decision to logical thinkers.

Do you do other types of art too?

D: Yes, art is a stress release for me—you don’t have to worry about specs or cost or whether people will like it. I love ceramics because every piece is unique. Clay has its own personality–you can’t really control it like plastic, rather, respect, understand and work together.

What’s one habit that makes you successful?

D: Hmm, well it’s hard to evaluate what “successful” means, but I’ll tell you what makes me different: my background. Growing up, I moved a lot and lived in different countries. Industrial design is a highly diverse field, and each of us brings a bit of our culture and background to the table. I make it a point to go to one new country every year—it helps me get a different perspective and think outside the box.

K: This is a more boring than Diana’s answer, but I am an avid notetaker. I’m always distracted by something and I need to take notes to keep my inspiration and ideas organized. My wrist is a common spot for quick thoughts and I couldn’t live without Google Keep. I also sleep with a notebook beside my bed, just in case an idea pops up in a dream.

Do you have any advice for aspiring designers?

K: Struggle through the uncomfortable time until it makes sense.

Was there a time that you had to apply that lesson while designing Chromecast?

K: Oh, definitely. We had to work through a lot of tricky requirements in order to keep the size compact and form simple. As often happens, our original intent evolved a bit, but we love the final result. As designers, we pride ourselves on our ability to keep an open mind and meet challenges with opportunities.


          Climate apocalypse is heading, unless the world takes drastic action      Cache   Translate Page      

Australia is the world’s largest coal exporter, with thermal and coking coal shipments last year totalling 382 million tonnes.

The findings of the report are at odds with the Morrison government’s insistence that coal will play an essential role in the nation’s economic future.

For the first time in a IPCC report, the authors included social and economic impacts. That marked “the end of magical thinking” that sustainable development goals and poverty reduction could be divorced from climate action.

“If governments fail to drastically and urgently reduce emissions, they are knowingly contributing to the dangers of a world that is at least 1.5 degrees warmer,” Tessa Khan, co-director of the Climate Litigation Network.

“This has clear legal consequences and governments will inevitably be held accountable for knowingly putting people in harm’s way,” Ms Khan said, noting citizens in the Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Norway, Colombia, the US and New Zealand have already taken their governments to court.

“This litigation is only just picking up speed.”

‘Next decade critical’: Perils mount at 1.5 degrees of warming, says IPCC , Sydney Morning Herald,  By Peter Hannam & Nicole Hasham 8 October 2018 The amount of coal and other fossil fuels the world can burn without unleashing dangerous climate change that will undermine the livelihoods o...


          Norwegian educational gaming startup Kahoot raises ~$15.4M at a $300M valuation, tripling its March valuation (Ingrid Lunden/TechCrunch)      Cache   Translate Page      

Ingrid Lunden / TechCrunch:
Norwegian educational gaming startup Kahoot raises ~$15.4M at a $300M valuation, tripling its March valuation  —  School's back in session and a startup that's building games to help students learn has moved to the top of the class.  Kahoot — the educational gaming startup out of Norway …


          Kahoot, the educational gaming startup, has raised another $15M, now at a $300M valuation      Cache   Translate Page      
School’s back in session and a startup that’s building games to help students learn has moved to the top of the class. Kahoot — the educational gaming startup out of Norway that has been a quick hit with schools in the US and elsewhere — today announced that it has raised 126.5 million Norwegian krone […]
          'Florida,' 'Heartland' Among National Book Awards Finalists      Cache   Translate Page      
The selections were winnowed down from 1,637 books. On Wednesday, The National Book Foundation announced the 25 books that remain in the running for the National Book Awards, now in its 69th year. The writers come from such places as Pittsburgh, Norway, Iran and Poland, and many of them have delved into some of the most pressing conversations of our time: racism, masculinity, addiction, the destruction of indigenous culture, class divides and corporations. And for the first time since the 1980s, the judges will also honor a work in translation. "This year instead of just celebrating the best American literature, we're celebrating the best literature in America," Lisa Lucas, executive director of the National Book Foundation, told NPR. "We're from everywhere, and we have to celebrate the world we live in," she said. Chilean writer Isabel Allende will be recognized at the awards dinner in New York with the National Book Foundation's Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American
           Brexit aside, British troops test ability to reinforce...       Cache   Translate Page      
By Robin EmmottHOEK VAN HOLLAND, Netherlands, Oct 10 (Reuters) - British troops disembarked in the Netherlands on Wednesday en route to Norway to test...
          Queen Sonja Print Award - Nomination      Cache   Translate Page      
I am so proud and honoured to have been nominated for the Queen Sonja Print Award in Norway!

From the organization's website: "Forty two exciting artists have been nominated for the Queen Sonja Print Award 2018. They have been recommended for the award by curators, museum directors and fellow artists from many parts of the world. The winner will be announced on the 8th November this year." 
          Intxausti leaves Team Sky for Euskadi-Murias      Cache   Translate Page      

After three years in which he has been blighted by health issues, Beñat Intxausti will leave Team Sky at the end of the season and join the Euskadi-Murias team.

The 32-year-old signed for the British team in 2016 after five seasons with Movistar, during which he won two stages at the Giro d'Italia and the Tour of Beijing, but has only raced 22 days since then.

He was diagnosed with mononucleosis in early 2016 and has struggled to rid himself of the virus. After 15 race days in 2016, he made his 2017 debut at the Clasica San Sebastián in late July but did not finish, and his only other appearance that year was at the Tour of Guangxi in October, where he abandoned on the second day.

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Despite his illness woes, Team Sky gave Intxausti another year on his contract for 2018, but the hoped-for recovery did not materialise. He abandoned the Tour of Norway on the opening day in May and, although he completed the Norwegian round of the Hammer Series soon after, his only other appearance was a DNF at Cyclassics Hamburg in August.

"Now I feel well and I'm looking to the future," Intxausti said in a statement announcing his move to Euskadi-Murias.

The Pro Continental team have a strong Basque identity - though they do not exclusively hire Basque riders - and Intxausti, who hails from Bizkaia and spent a year with the old all-Basque Euskaltel-Euskadi squad, will fit in in that respect.

You can read more at Cyclingnews.com


          With '22 July,' Paul Greengrass tackles Norway's deadly 2011 terror attack and the perils of far-right extremism      Cache   Translate Page      

It’s safe to say virtually every Norwegian can remember where they were on July 22, 2011. That was the day a lone-wolf far-right terrorist named Anders Behring Breivik set off a car bomb in the government district of Oslo and then later opened fire on a summer camp on the nearby island of Utøya,...


          Kahoot, the educational gaming startup, has raised another $15M, now at a $300M valuation      Cache   Translate Page      
School’s back in session and a startup that’s building games to help students learn has moved to the top of the class. Kahoot — the educational gaming startup out of Norway that has been a quick hit with schools in the US and elsewhere — today announced that it has raised 126.5 million Norwegian krone […]
          I need someone to help me European workers      Cache   Translate Page      
Hi, I need someone to help me find roof workers that will be able to go to work to Norway, Belgium. More details over chat. (Budget: $10 - $30 USD, Jobs: Market Research, Polish, Research, Romanian, Ukrainian)
          Scandinavian Airlines – $447: Los Angeles – Oslo, Norway. Roundtrip, including all Taxes      Cache   Translate Page      
A good sale to Oslo. Pricing will vary slightly depending on routing Here are some practical travel tips to Oslo, Norway and Lofoten Island, Norway. Sample Travel Date: May 16th – 22nd, 2019 This is just ONE SAMPLE travel date, for more availability, please follow the “Fare Availability” and “How to Search for Availability” instructions […]

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          Brexit aside, British troops test ability to reinforce Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
British troops disembarked in the Netherlands on Wednesday en route to Norway to test NATO's ability to move personnel and armour quickly across Europe, an exercise officers said showed London's commitment to European security after Brexit.

          #bulgaria - hrissynt      Cache   Translate Page      
Най-деликатесните, усмихнатите, приключенски, скиталчески, бомбастични бългериънс “Тройка Деликатессен” ша ва папкам💗💗💗 . . . . . #bff #friends #letstravel #spain #norway #italy #bulgaria #explore #adventures #travelsquad #memories #tb #loveya #rich #harry
          JMEUCE Public Lecture: The Nine Circles of Brexit: A Guided Tour of Britain's Path out of the EU      Cache   Translate Page      

The JMEUCE in collaboration with CIC-Halifax presents a public lecture on The Nine Circles of Brext: A Guided Tour of  Britain's
Path out of the EU
.  Guest speaker, IAN COOPER, is a Research Fellow at the Brexit Research & Policy Institute at Dublin City University, Ireland.  He holds a PhD in Political Science from Yale and has previously held academic positions in the UK, Norway and Canada.  Most recently he was a Jean Monnet Fellow at European University Institute in Florence, Italy.  His research addresses questions of democracy and constitutionalism in the European Union, with a particular focus on the role of parliaments.

 


          Kahoot, the educational gaming startup, has raised another $15M, now at a $300M valuation      Cache   Translate Page      
School’s back in session and a startup that’s building games to help students learn has moved to the top of the class. Kahoot — the educational gaming startup out of Norway that has been a quick hit with schools in the US and elsewhere — today announced that it has raised 126.5 million Norwegian krone […]
          Nå tar Norway Chess grep for å løse remissyken      Cache   Translate Page      

Arrangøren av Norway Chess i Stavanger vil ha mer publikumsvennlig sjakk. Nå håper de at redusert betenkningstid og innføring av armageddon-partier skal føre til færre remiser og mer spenning i neste års turnering.

The post Nå tar Norway Chess grep for å løse remissyken appeared first on Matt & Patt.


          Nobel Peace laureates demand end to sexual violence in war      Cache   Translate Page      
OSLO, Norway (AP)—An Iraqi woman who became a global advocate for victims after being raped and tortured by Islamic State militants and a Congolese surgeon who has treated countless rape victims in his war-torn nation won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for fighting to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of […]
          Invitation du professeur Morten Huse - Getting women in corporate boards - some international reflections      Cache   Translate Page      

Morten Huse has for several decades been studying efforts to increase the presence of women on boards of directors. He followed the Norwegian discussion during the 1990’s, the implementation of the Norwegian gender balance regulations the decade after, and then how the Norwegian initiative have been discussed and spread in many countries. During the LIRSA laboratory seminar he will present some lessons and reflections around his observations. He has through participant observation research observed the national and international discussions for getting more women on boards.

He will present the background for mandatory vs voluntary actions for increasing the presence of women on boards in Norway, the business utility case vs justice or societal cases, and how coercive pressure may have consequences for the women becoming board members across national cultures. In the presentation he will also discuss the “golden skirts” phenomenon, the change from Berlusconi via Bocconi to Business women in Italy, the lack of champions in Spain, etc. He will show that many of the arguments for getting more women on boards are based on weak or contradicting assumptions, and argue that sustainable societal consequences will depend on sustainable argumentations.

Many of his arguments are presented in “Gender in the Boardroom : Learnings from world-leader Norway”

The key findings of this Bulletin are:

• Voluntary actions to get more women on boards did not work in Norway. A legal quota for gender balance was therefore implemented. Many countries have been influenced by the snowball that started rolling in Norway.

• Challenges, characteristics, and contributions of the women becoming board members vary. They are influenced both by the national context and the national public policy instruments being applied. Efforts for getting women on boards must be adapted to national discourses and contextual factors.

• Actual board behaviour influences the business case for women on boards. It is necessary to move beyond superficial accounts and take better account of ‘who the women are’.

• Quotas are not enough for achieving gender equity, and societal sustainability and well-being. Quotas must be supplemented by other initiatives.


          Professor Morten Huse - Getting women in corporate boards - some international reflections      Cache   Translate Page      

He will present the background for mandatory vs voluntary actions for increasing the presence of women on boards in Norway, the business utility case vs justice or societal cases, and how coercive pressure may have consequences for the women becoming board members across national cultures. In the presentation he will also discuss the “golden skirts” phenomenon, the change from Berlusconi via Bocconi to Business women in Italy, the lack of champions in Spain, etc. He will show that many of the arguments for getting more women on boards are based on weak or contradicting assumptions, and argue that sustainable societal consequences will depend on sustainable argumentations.

Many of his arguments are presented in “Gender in the Boardroom : Learnings from world-leader Norway”

The key findings of this Bulletin are:

• Voluntary actions to get more women on boards did not work in Norway. A legal quota for gender balance was therefore implemented. Many countries have been influenced by the snowball that started rolling in Norway.

• Challenges, characteristics, and contributions of the women becoming board members vary. They are influenced both by the national context and the national public policy instruments being applied. Efforts for getting women on boards must be adapted to national discourses and contextual factors.

• Actual board behaviour influences the business case for women on boards. It is necessary to move beyond superficial accounts and take better account of ‘who the women are’.

• Quotas are not enough for achieving gender equity, and societal sustainability and well-being. Quotas must be supplemented by other initiatives.


          BWW Review: THE UNRETURNING, Nuffield Southampton Theatres      Cache   Translate Page      

The Unreturning follows the fallout of war through the story of three different men returning from the Front Line.

We meet them after their fight is over, only to face a new battle on home turf. Their service may have ended, but the aftermath of conflict follows them back right to their front doors.

Written by Anna Jordan and directed by Neil Bettles, this production takes place over three very different generations. We join George in 1918, heading home from the Western Front; Frankie, in 2013, leaving Afghanistan behind; and Nat, who has finally decided to return to his family home after years in an overseas refugee camp sometime in our future.

Each one has Scarborough in their hearts; each one is determined to go home to what they know and love, and to a hero's welcome; and each one is faced with the harsh reality of change, and the ghosts of their past.

Spanning over a century, this change in time enables us to watch and explore the evolving ways in which war might affect those fighting, as well as those back home. The effects of The Great War, such as shell shock, are very different to those in the 20th century. The horrors, while all devastating and life changing, are poles apart; life in the trenches, versus life in Camp Bastion; poison gas versus IEDs.

And, of course, we are presented with a third, entirely different fight: an imagined dystopian world where the English have been forced to flee their derelict homes for refuge in Norway and beyond, asking us to consider those fighting a war they didn't sign up to; the fight to survive and find family again.

The Unreturning deftly demonstrates that, while the conflict is different, and the cause is not initially the same, war in all ages will always have an aftermath, and a deep-rooted personal impact, shattering lives and changing worlds.

How do you convey these many changing worlds on one stage? The answer is through Frantic Assembly's staging wizardry.

As bold and brave as the story they are telling, Frantic Assembly makes the most of the space and creates an ever-moving set that tumbles through time. Using simple lighting, projection, powerful sound, and a single hollow shipping container, they transform the boards into a World War One trench, a dew-covered tent, the Scarborough seafront, and an overcrowded local.

Continual movement and seamless costume changes mean that each story falls into place. We traverse time and space to witness the impact of conflict on ordinary men, as well as their families, the media, their friends.

We watch Frankie, Nat and George fight their demons and grapple with their pasts; re-acclimatising, attempting to reclaim home and adapting to a whole new struggle. They confront their demons, and while some work to put their shattered selves together again; others are less fortunate.

The Unreturning is continually moving in all senses of the word, and full of hidden surprises.

Acting is equally paired with dance, movement, and transformation. The entire thing is a spectacle; we are treated to both face-value storytelling and interpretive scenes; real life, and dreams (or nightmares).

The set and staging is pure magic, bringing wonderful and award-winning movement direction seen in The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time back into our theatres with a unique and effective production.

The fluid motion of the play is also thanks to the cast itself. The great container spins and reveals its secrets as the cast push and pull and weave their way in and out of hidden doors. They slip through scenes and transform. This takes immense skill and adds to the sense of shifting time.

Joe Layton's Frankie is a young man hardened by war with a hidden secret, and Layton shows incredible skill demonstrating torment and rage, adding layers and dangerous depth to the initially stereotypical modern-day soldier. He shape-shifts from shaven-headed trouble to wartime wife with such believability.

Jared Garfield as George is heartbreaking, battered and bruised inside out by what he's seen in No Man's Land. Garfield conveys the lost and broken serviceman perfectly and is able to bring such poignant emotion to each scene.

Jonnie Riordan and Kieton Saunders-Browne, as Nat and his brother Finn, respectively, have a challenge on their hands, playing figures from an unknown future, but they manage to do so extremely well, and with passion. In them, we can see ourselves if ever faced with the dilemma of whether to fight or flee.

Albeit small, this is a compassionate and supple cast with immense talent and the ability to pour themselves into multiple roles seamlessly.

This production addresses important topics sensitively, yet with gusto. We are asked to consider the early understandings of PTSD in wartime Britain, the place in society for ex-military, and the refugee crisis. The latter comments on our current social climate; it makes us realise that the refugees we see in the news and in our communities could easily be us.

The Unreturning is brutally and beautifully honest, exploring what coming home really means - and whether you really ever come home from war at all. Through an innovative and captivating performance, it's a feast for the eyes and the heart.

The Unreturning is at Nuffield Southampton Theatres until 13 October before continuing its UK tour


          #handlettering - bekindnorway      Cache   Translate Page      
Dag 10/100. Fortsatt aktuell. Spesielt i dag i forbindelse med verdensdagen for psykisk helse. #100daysofpractice #dontgiveup #practise #handwriting #handlettering #verdensdagenforpsykiskhelse
          Chevron Quits Norway as Wider Retreat Looms From Aging North Sea      Cache   Translate Page      
offshore platformsBy Mikael Holter (Bloomberg) — Chevron Corp. is selling its last remaining oil exploration license in Norway, putting it one step closer to a full retreat from the aging North Sea basin as the U.S. major seeks higher returns elsewhere. Chevron’s activity off Norway has been limited for years, but the company’s decision to relinquish […]
          Going behind the design of the new Chromecast      Cache   Translate Page      

The She Word is a Keyword series all about dynamic and creative women at Google, and we recently spoke to two women behind the design of the new Chromecast, which hit shelves this week. Diana Chang and Katie Morgenroth are industrial designers tasked with designing hardware that fits naturally into your home. Below, we share how they tackle that challenge, as well as what’s in store for our favorite macaron-sized Made by Google device.  

Elisabeth: How do you explain your job at a dinner party?

Diana: I make tech less intimidating, more approachable, and easier to use—building a bridge between the consumer and the technology they’re using.

Katie: These days, I’m focused on creating the conditions to help our amazing design team feel inspired and supported to do their best work. Framing design sprints, working closely with engineers to unblock challenging constraints and collaborating with the team to ensure our products are harmonious and beautiful are all in a day's work.

SheWord-9801.jpg

Diana (left) and Katie (right) in their office at Google’s headquarters in Mountain View.

What are you most excited about with the new Chromecast? How is it different than what we’ve seen before?

D: Chromecast was our first-ever Made by Google product, and the foundation of our Cast technology. It was created way before our other hardware products, so we’ve updated the new Chromecast to make it look and feel more a part of the Google hardware family. It’s a small device, and the biggest improvements are actually in the tiny details. And those details can say a lot about a brand and how much we care about the people who use our products.

K: The new design of Chromecast is all about simplicity; it looks like a little macaron. And it’s coming out in two new colors—Chalk and Charcoal—to match other devices in the Made by Google family. With all of our hardware devices, we want to make sure that they feel like they’re a part of your home.

D: And because of the low cost (it’s still $35!), Chromecast remains an easy entry point for people to experience the power of smart home entertainment.

SheWord-9829.jpg

Here it is! The new Chromecast is now available in the U.S., Canada, U.K., the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and Singapore, with more regions to come. In the U.S., you can buy it for $35 at the Google Store, Best Buy, Target, Walmart and even more retailers.

SheWord-9812.jpg

What sets Chromecast (and Made by Google products) apart from other devices?

D: The design language: it’s the reason I wanted to join Google. We’re making tech that is approachable, human-centric and easily blends in with other things in your house.

K: Echo Diana. Our aesthetic is taking a counter stance to what we traditionally think about when we imagine technology. We are carefully designing our products to look beautiful as a family or individually.

How would you describe Made by Google design aesthetic in one word?

K: Can I have two? Approachable and optimistic.

D: I would love to hear our customers describe it as sincere and honest.

What’s a challenge you face as an industrial designer?

D: Design is a form of art—unlike math, there’s no way to quantify if design is good or bad, right or wrong. And sometimes, it’s hard to explain a design decision to logical thinkers.

Do you do other types of art too?

D: Yes, art is a stress release for me—you don’t have to worry about specs or cost or whether people will like it. I love ceramics because every piece is unique. Clay has its own personality–you can’t really control it like plastic, rather, respect, understand and work together.

What’s one habit that makes you successful?

D: Hmm, well it’s hard to evaluate what “successful” means, but I’ll tell you what makes me different: my background. Growing up, I moved a lot and lived in different countries. Industrial design is a highly diverse field, and each of us brings a bit of our culture and background to the table. I make it a point to go to one new country every year—it helps me get a different perspective and think outside the box.

K: This is a more boring than Diana’s answer, but I am an avid notetaker. I’m always distracted by something and I need to take notes to keep my inspiration and ideas organized. My wrist is a common spot for quick thoughts and I couldn’t live without Google Keep. I also sleep with a notebook beside my bed, just in case an idea pops up in a dream.

Do you have any advice for aspiring designers?

K: Struggle through the uncomfortable time until it makes sense.

Was there a time that you had to apply that lesson while designing Chromecast?

K: Oh, definitely. We had to work through a lot of tricky requirements in order to keep the size compact and form simple. As often happens, our original intent evolved a bit, but we love the final result. As designers, we pride ourselves on our ability to keep an open mind and meet challenges with opportunities.


          “Film is of its Nature Unruly… and Your Job is to Master its Unruliness”: Director Paul Greengrass on the Filmmaking and Politics of 22 July      Cache   Translate Page      
22 July is a difficult film. Any film about the 2011 terror attack and massacre on Utøya island in Norway would have to be. Less expected is the film’s strong political edge. In that sense, 22 July is something of a return to roots for Paul Greengrass. Before taking on the Bourne franchise, the director made a mark with his 2002 docudrama Bloody Sunday, about the Bogside massacre of Northern Irish protesters by British soldiers in 1972. In that film, as in his new one, Greengrass combined his trademark visceral, shaky-cam documentary aesthetic with a strong sense of political urgency. […]
          Chevron Quits Norway, First Supermajor To Exit Norwegian Oil      Cache   Translate Page      
Chevron is the first oil supermajor to leave the Norwegian Continental Shelf, after Norway’s authorities accepted the sale of the only asset of the U.S. firm—a 20-percent stake in an exploration license, Upstream reported on Wednesday. According to a letter to Chevron from Norway’s Petroleum Ministry dated September 28 and obtained by Reuters, Chevron is transferring its 20-percent stake in the so-called PL859 exploration license operated by Equinor in Norway’s Arctic. Chevron struck a deal with Norwegian company DNO in…


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