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          Meleșcanu, despre președinția României la Consiliul UE: Vom accelera negocierile Serbiei cu UE      Cache   Translate Page      
 Ministrul de Externe, Teodor Meleșcanu,a declarat, marți, la Timișoara, că președinția României la Consiliul Uniunii Europene va fi de succes dacă se va reuși accelerarea negocierilor Serbiei cu UE și dacă se va materializa o invitație formală către Macedonia pentru a începe procedurile de ... (continuare)

Articol publicat marţi, 9 octombrie 2018, în secţiunea "Ultima ora".

          Why are the Officers and Employees of Civil Liberties Group Liberty Refusing to Implement its Policy of Opposition to the IHRA?      Cache   Translate Page      

According to Liberty’s Olivia Percival, ‘Liberty is not actively campaigning against the IHRA definition’


Liberty, formerly known as the National Council for Civil Liberties, was founded in 1934. This was a time of heightened anti-fascist activity in which the Jews of the East End of London were under attack from Oswald Moseley’s British Union of Fascists.  In 1989 the organisation changed its name to Liberty.

The organisation has provided a career path for budding Labour politicians such as Patricia Hewitt, who went on to become an MP and in charge of Neil Kinnock’s personal office before being brought down by the cash for influence scandal.  Harriet Harman was a former legal officer and her husband Jack Dromey was Chair of the Executive Committee. Shami Chakrabarti the previous Director is now Shadow Attorney General. What all the ex-employees of Liberty who find their way to the top of the Labour Party have in common is their abandoning and jettisoning of any pretence of support for civil liberties.  Harriet Harman for example went along with all Tony Blair’s anti-terrorism legislation without a squeak. Chakrabarti’s attack on Ken Livingstone suggests that she too considers civil liberties to be a drag on her career.
Martha Spurrier, another in a long line of hopeful Establishment Labour politicians
The current Director, Martha Spurrier is, like her predecessor, a barrister. Liberty/NCCL has never been a particular radical organisation, especially in recent times. In its earlier times it had no difficulty supporting for example the internment of Oswald Moseley in the war, something which led to mass resignations from the organisation.
During the period of Hewitt and Harman the organisation adopted a policy which was in effect pro-paedophile. The Paedophile Information Exchange became affiliated at one point and it was only in 1983 that the organisation rejected paedophilia as just another sexual life style. All that can be said about this period is that paedophile groups were able to take advantage of the sexual revolution of the 1960’s to propagate the idea that sexual freedom should include the right of adults to have sex with children and that this found favour amongst a section of the libertarian left and gay rights campaigners such as Peter Tatchell.
Liberty/NCCL has always seen itself as part of the British Establishment. It is therefore no surprise that when Professor Jonathan Rosenhead of the LSE moved a motion at the May 2018 AGM, seconded by Louise Christian, a well known solicitor, opposing the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance definition of anti-Semitism, its officers took fright. The motion itself was passed almost unanimously.
The IHRA is a consensus position of the British political establishment and Liberty is, if nothing else, an establishment group. When I heard that the motion had been passed I wrote to Liberty inquiring about their new policy.  I heard nothing for some months.
I had quite forgotten about my inquiry until an email arrived from Olivia Percival, a former government solicitor who is now Liberty’s Advice & Information Officer. As I read the email I became more and more disconcerted. Ms Percival did not have one good thing to say about Liberty’s policy. What she seemed to be doing was to explain why the organisation was doing nothing about the organisation. 
Percival first began by telling me that ‘I would emphasise that the motion reaffirmed Liberty’s opposition to anti-semitism in all its forms’. The implication being that opposition to the IHRA might be construed as support for anti-Semitism!
It was the next paragraph that left me open mouthed. It would appear that Percival, who is clearly not stupid, deliberately didn’t want to understand the reason for opposition to the IHRA: She wrote that:
‘As an organisation that both fervently supports free speech and fervently opposes anti-semitism, Liberty has an obligation to carefully consider the intersection of these two issues. Whenever we talk about hate speech, we immediately have to think about the boundaries of free speech. Drawing that boundary is not always easy. The position Liberty has taken on the IHRA definition comes from a good faith effort to think through this issue.
The clear implication being that opposition to the IHRA meant support for anti-Semitic hate speech. Why else would she talk about the ‘intersection’ of the two issues of free speech and anti-Semitism?
What Percival was doing was to revisit the policy of Liberty’s American equivalent, the American Civil Liberties Union which infamously supported a march through the Skokie in Chicago, where large numbers of Holocaust survivors lived, by the American Nazi Party. See the NYT, July 1978 THE A.C.L.U. AGAINST ITSELF.
Olivia Percival's email to Tony Greenstein
Thousands of Jews and others left the ACLU over their support for the right of neo-Nazis to propagate their filth and hatred. Indeed this controversy briefly surfaced in the NCCL  when its American Director, Andrew Puddephat I believe, argued for the freedom of speech of fascists in this country. It sparked a heated controversy within the NCCL which led to his departure.
Percival however has completely misunderstood the nature of the opposition to the IHRA, some would say deliberately so. Jonathan Rosenhead is himself Jewish. Neither he nor Jewish Voice for Labour of which he is a member support free speech for anti-Semites. Opposition to the IHRA has nothing to do with support for free speech for racists and fascists. There may indeed be an interesting discussion about ‘the boundaries of free speech’ when it comes to hate speech but it has nothing to do with the IHRA and it is dishonest for Percival to suggest otherwise.
Opposition to the IHRA is about opposition to the attack on the rights of supporters of the Palestinians and anti-Zionists to oppose Israeli Apartheid. It has nothing to do with supporting the rights of anti-Semites. It is disingenuous to suggest this.
The American ACLU defended the rights of Nazis in Skokie, Chicag- pictured is a Vietnam veteran
If Olivia Percival had bothered to read the resolution which was passed she would know that it begins by reiterating its ‘abhorrence of antisemitism as a repellent undercurrent..’ Even this well-heeled former government solicitor should be aware that some of the most vigorous supporters of Israel, Zionism and the IHRA are also some of the most notorious racist bigots in politics.  Donald Trump combines ardent support for Israel with anti-Semitism. His election campaign was widely condemned by American Jews for its use of anti-semitic stereotypes and subliminal messages. See Anti-Semitism is no longer an undertone of Trump’s campaign. It’s the melody.
The person who masterminded Trump’s campaign, Steve Bannon, is personally anti-Semitic and a supporter of the European far-Right and Tommy Robinson. The founder of the American alt-Right, the neo-Nazi Richard Spencer has even declared that he is a White Zionist
The policy passed by Liberty in opposition to the IHRA has nothing whatsoever to do with support for anti-Semitism or anti-Semitic hate speech. What it does do is support freedom of speech for opponents of Israeli apartheid. It is dishonest of Percival to suggest otherwise.
And to add insult to injury, this establishment lawyer that Liberty has taken under its wing goes on to state that ‘We have been very clear that Liberty is not actively campaigning against the IHRA definition, as it is not an institutional priority.’ That is obvious because there is not one single mention of the IHRA on Liberty’s website.
At a time when right-wing Labour Councils are adopting the IHRA, in consort with Tory councillors, with the specific intention of curtailing the rights of Palestine solidarity supporters, Liberty under its present leadership chooses to ignore its own policy and do nothing.
As if to emphasise her own disagreement with the policy Percival writes that
‘it’s often the case that members (and even sometimes our staff!) disagree with some of the organisation’s positions but remain engaged in an overall common purpose, and even work from within the organisation to change it.
Whilst no one expects staff to agree with every resolution, it is nonetheless their duty to give implement policy passed. The IHRA is being pushed hard by the present Conservative government, a government which is aligned in the European Parliament with far-Right anti-Semitic parties.  The IHRA is being used on campuses to prevent or seriously hinder Palestine solidarity campaigns.
Even the principal author of the IHRA or the Working Definition of Anti-Semitism, the American Jewish Committee’s Kenneth Stern has acknowledged that the IHRA is being used in ways that were never intended, as a means of chilling free speech. In testimony to the House of Representatives in November 2017, he warned that:
The definition was not drafted, and was never intended, as a tool to target or chill speech on a college campus. In fact, at a conference in 2010 about the impact of the definition, I highlighted this misuse, and the damage it could do.
Stern spokeabout how the IHRA was ‘was being employed in an attempt to restrict academic freedom and punish political speech’. One could argue that Stern was being hypocritical since the IHRA’s whole purpose was to render anti-Zionist criticism as  antisemitic.
Stern described how Zionist pressure groups in the US ‘argued that even if  the [court] cases lost, they had what seemed to them a positive benefit – they  chilled pro -Palestinian  expression.’Stern asked a question particularly relevant to the current debate. 
‘Imagine a definition designed for Palestinians. If  “Denying the Jewish people their right to self- determination, and denying Israel the right to exist” is antisemitism, then shouldn’t “Denying  the Palestinian people their right to self- determination,  and denying Palestine the right to exist”  be anti -Palestinianism?’
Stern described how the IHRA had been used to curtail free speech in Britain, listing the “Israel Apartheid Week” event which was cancelled by Central Lancashire University and the case of the Holocaust survivor who was required to change the title of  a campus talk by Manchester university after an Israeli diplomat complained that the title violated the definition.’  Stern described as ‘Perhaps most egregious’ of all the call on a university to conduct an inquiry of  a professor for ‘antisemitism’, based on an article she had written years before. Accurately describing what had happened as ‘chilling and McCarthy -like.’
As Jewish student Joanna Phillips wrotein Jewish News/Times of Israel Jewish students deserve a better definition of anti-Semitism’
Kenneth Stern … went as far as to write to the US House of Representatives urging them not to adopt this definition for American campuses. Jewish students need a tailored definition, written with the realities of modern universities in mind, not one designed for researchers.
Stern was prompted to write his letter after seeing the waves of censorship the definition unleashed within American campuses. The IHRA definition fails to properly distinguish between legitimate criticism of Israel and hatred of Jews disguised as anti-Zionism.
It would seem that Olivia Percival and Martha Spurrier, to whom I have written, also have difficulty distinguishing between anti-Semitism and criticism of Israel and Zionism. If Percival and Spurrier refuse to implement Liberty policy on the IHRA then they have no alternative but to resign.  Freedom of speech on university campuses and on Palestine is not a peripheral issue.
Below is my letter to Ms Percival and the policy that Liberty has adopted.
Tony Greenstein
Letter of Reply to Olivia Percival
Dear Olivia,
Thank you for your email of 2nd October concerning the decision of the Liberty AGM to oppose the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance definition of anti-Semitism. I am surprised that you sent this from a ‘noreply’ email address. That is what my broadband supplier does. It indicates that you don’t wish to enter into dialogue on this subject. I have therefore dug out an email address for your Director and may post this more widely given your reluctance to be more open.
I am extremely disappointed by your response, which is almost apologetic for the fact that the motion was passed. Why else would you emphasise that members ‘and even sometimes our staff! disagree with some of the organisation’s positions’.  This strongly suggests that you intend to do your best to ignore the motion and do nothing about it. It also suggests that you disagree with the policy.
What is the purpose of passing policy at Liberty’s AGM if you and the staff immediately disregard it? The IHRA has already been used in this country to prevent an Israeli Apartheid Week at the University of Central Lancashire, to prevent Professor Richard Falk speaking on campuses and to impose restrictions on other pro-Palestinian events. Even the person who drafted the IHRA, Kenneth Stern, in testimony to the House of Representatives last November warned that:
‘The definition was not drafted, and was never intended, as a tool to target or chill speech on a college campus. In fact, at a conference in 2010 about the impact of the definition, I highlighted this misuse, and the damage it could do.’
I find particularly surprising your point that Liberty ‘both fervently supports free speech and fervently opposes anti-Semitism’ as if opposition to the IHRA means support for anti-Semitism. Viktor Orban, Hungary’s anti-Semitic Prime Minister certainly doesn’t share this position as his government fully supports the IHRA whilst lauding its war-time pro-Nazi ruler Admiral Horthy. You clearly do not understand why many people oppose both the IHRA and oppose racism and anti-Semitism.
Of the 8, yes 8, governments that have fully adopted the definition, (Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Lithuania, Austria) 5 possess far-Right governments and one, Austria has a neo-Nazi party Heinz Christian Strache’s Freedom Party as the junior coalition partner.
You speak about the ‘intersection’ of free speech and opposition to anti-Semitism with talk about the ‘boundaries of free speech.’ You seem to be labouring under the misapprehension that opposition to the IHRA has something to do with free speech for anti-Semites or racists.  Let me disabuse you of this fact.
The IHRA ‘definition’ of anti-Semitism has nothing to do with opposing anti-Semitism and everything to do with conflating opposition to Zionism and support for the Palestinians with anti-Semitism. The IHRA is about defining critics of Israeli Apartheid as anti-Semitic. The demolition of Arab villages to make way for Jewish settlements and towns is inherent in what a Jewish State means.  According to the IHRA to make this point is anti-Semitic and you appear to go along with this nonsense. 
I find it disappointing that you haven’t grasped this elementary fact. Clearly you haven’t acquainted yourself with recent debates around the IHRA. Perhaps I can apprise you of them?
Professor David Feldman, who was Vice-Chair of the Chakrabarti Inquiry and  is Director of the Pears Institute for the Study of Anti-Semitism described the IHRA definition as‘bewilderingly imprecise.’ with its talk of anti-Semitism being a ‘certain perception which might be expressed as anti-Semitism’. 
Sir Stephen Sedley, who was a Judge in the Court of Appeal, besides being Jewish, wrote, in Defining Anti-Semitism that the IHRA‘fails the first test of any definition: it is indefinite.’ In what is the most concise critique of the IHRA yet, Sedley took it apart for its deliberate attempt to prevent any systematic critique of the Israeli state and Zionism.
Hugh Tomlinson QC in an Opinion declared, as did other lawyers, that the IHRA had a ‘potential chilling effect on public bodies which, in the absence of definitional clarity, may seek to sanction or prohibit any conduct which has been labelled by third parties as antisemitic without applying any clear criterion of assessment.’
Geoffrey Robertson QC, who is a renowned human rights lawyer likewise described the IHRA as likely to chill criticism of action by the Government of Israel and advocacy of sanctions as a means to deter human rights abuses in Gaza and elsewhere. Robertson described the IHRA as not fit for purpose’
Interestingly Robertson also finds, along with Sedley, that when it comes to genuine anti-Semitism, the IHRA actually raises the bar because ‘By pivoting upon racial hatred ... it fails to catch those who exhibit hostility and prejudice – or apply discrimination – against Jewish people for no reason other than that they are Jewish.’
There is a very simple definition of anti-Semitism the Oxford English Dictionary definition: ‘Hostility to or prejudice against Jews’ which catches attitudes that fall short of hatred. For example someone who says that he doesn’t hate Jews but he doesn’t want to live next to them or have his daughter marry a Jew is not, by the IHRA definition, anti-Semitic. 
I hope you and Liberty’s officials will revisit your obvious reluctance to embrace the decision of Liberty’s AGM. I realize that the IHRA is the consensus position of the British Establishment and that Liberty has traditionally seen itself as the liberal wing of that Establishment. However the IHRA is also a definition of anti-Semitism that anti-Semites such as the Polish and Hungarian governments feel comfortable with.  I should add that traditionally the British Establishment combined both pro-Zionism and anti-Semitism.
The IHRA is being used and has already been used in this country to close down debate on Palestine.  It has nothing to do with anti-Semitism. If free speech is not a concern of Liberty then what is the purpose of the organisation?
I look forward to your responding a tad quicker than the 6 months it took from my last post to you.
Yours sincerely,

Tony Greenstein 

          Russian Influence Rising in Balkans, Baltics, Central Europe      Cache   Translate Page      
A week before a crucial election, Bosnian Serb leader Milorad Dodik traveled to Russia for a Formula One race — not because he’s a big fan but for yet another meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin.  Footage from the race in Sochi showed Putin wishing Dodik “great success” in the Bosnian election and the Serb presenting Putin with a Republika Srpska pin, the Serb-controlled autonomous region in Bosnia.  The video was a blatant display of Russia influence in one of Europe’s most sensitive regions — the fragile Balkans — where the West has sought to encourage reconciliation and reform after a brutal ethnic war in the 1990s.  The brief photo opportunity with Putin helped Dodik win the race to fill the Serb seat in Bosnia’s three-member presidency on Sunday, deepening the ethnic divisions that have held Bosnia back since its devastating 1992-1995 war. Dodik openly advocates having Serbs separate from the rest of Bosnia and has been sanctioned by the U.S. for his policies. But he has proven to be a key ally in Moscow’s efforts to undermine the Western policies of Balkan integration.  While Russian influence is the most obvious in the Balkans, an upsurge of populism in Central Europe has also played into Moscow’s hands, providing sympathetic political parties and politicians across the continent, including in European Union nations like Hungary, Austria and the Czech Republic.   Pro-Russia forces also did well in another corner of Europe.  In Latvia, an opposition party favored by the country’s large ethnic Russian minority got the most votes Saturday in the Baltic nation’s parliamentary election, although the party is expected to run into difficulties in trying to form a coalition government.  Latvia’s Russian minority is a major domestic political force, accounting for about 25 percent of its nearly 2 million people, a legacy of nearly 50 years of Soviet occupation that ended in 1991. Dodik’s victory in Bosnia further strengthened Moscow’s foothold in the Western Balkans, since he can how block any strategic decision — if Putin says so. Russia staunchly opposes any more Balkan countries joining NATO. Western officials have expressed fear that Russia has used its historic Slavic and Orthodox Christian ties in the region to undermine Western policies of integration.  Sarajevo-based political analyst Adan Huskic said Moscow’s influence was also growing in the parts of Europe that don’t have those identity links.  What these countries have in common are “high levels of nepotism, corruption” so bonding more closely with Western democracies is “by nature, very difficult for them,” he said.  Russia’s strategic aim is not to assert authority over the Balkans but to “harness and magnify existing tensions,” the European Council on Foreign Relations said in a report.  “In Russian eyes, the EU’s approach toward the Western Balkans is neither serious nor systematic, and so offers Moscow opportunities to create leverage,” the report added. Russian allies in the Balkans have been actively sowing mistrust in Western democracies, presenting Washington and Brussels as enemies who want to strip nations of their identity and national pride by pushing for EU integration. Dodik is a perfect example. For him, the West and NATO are enemies while Russia is a friend full of respect for the Slavic “brethren.” Absorbed in own problems — the euro debt crisis, immigration or Britain’s impending Brexit departure — the EU for years has neglected the Balkans. Alarmed, some EU officials now fear that Balkans could plunge into renewed conflict unless it's quickly embraced by the 28-nation bloc.  “If such a complex European region gets an impression that we are not serious with the European perspective, we will experience, sooner rather than later, what we saw in the Balkans during the 1990s,” European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker recently said. Those fears are not groundless. Tensions between Serbia and its former province of Kosovo, which declared independence in 2008, have been on the rise despite efforts by the EU to hammer out a lasting solution between the two former war foes. Belgrade raised the combat readiness of its troops two weeks ago over Kosovo special police presence in its Serb-populated north. In Macedonia, U.S. and EU hopes for swift passage of a deal between Macedonia and Greece to change Macedonia’s name to North Macedonia so it can join NATO suffered a blow when a Sept. 30 referendum on the name saw low turnout. The vote result raised fears of instability in the country that was on the brink of a civil war in 2001.  U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis saw Russian influence behind some Macedonia and Greek protests against the move. “We do not want to see Russia doing (in Macedonia) what they have tried to do in so many other countries,” he said last month. Russia has denied meddling in any Balkan or Baltic country. But Russia's soft-power strategy has found fertile ground among Serbs, due to NATO’s bombings in 1999 that halted a bloody Serb crackdown on Kosovo and forced Serbs to pull out. In return for Russia’s support for Serbia’s claim over Kosovo, Serbia has been a faithful ally even though it formally pursues EU integration and uses millions in Western recovery funds. Two Russian military intelligence operatives operated from Serbia in 2016 when they tried to organize a coup in neighboring Montenegro to stop the former Russian ally from joining NATO. “We saw that referendum has not succeeded in Macedonia,” said Serbian analyst Bosko Jaksic. “We can see it now in Bosnia, where the Republika of Srpska became the bastion of the Russian interest. We saw it before in Montenegro, and we are seeing it in Serbia. This is helping Russians to invest the minimum and get nearly the maximum of their political influence.”
          Pressure mounts on FYROM over name deal      Cache   Translate Page      

German Chancellor Angela Merkel is the latest Western leader to have urged the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to move ahead with the implementation of the name deal it signed with Greece in June to pave the way for its membership in the European Union and NATO.


          Merkel urges FYROM to implement name deal      Cache   Translate Page      

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has urged the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) to implement a name change agreement signed with Greece in June in order to deepen bilateral cooperation and unlock the Balkan country’s path to EU and NATO membership.


          October 10: 1 Kings 13; Philippians 4; Psalms 95–96; Ezekiel 43       Cache   Translate Page      

With family: 1 Kings 13; Philippians 4

1 Kings 13 (Listen)

A Man of God Confronts Jeroboam

13 And behold, a man of God came out of Judah by the word of the LORD to Bethel. Jeroboam was standing by the altar to make offerings. And the man cried against the altar by the word of the LORD and said, “O altar, altar, thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, a son shall be born to the house of David, Josiah by name, and he shall sacrifice on you the priests of the high places who make offerings on you, and human bones shall be burned on you.’” And he gave a sign the same day, saying, “This is the sign that the LORD has spoken: ‘Behold, the altar shall be torn down, and the ashes that are on it shall be poured out.’” And when the king heard the saying of the man of God, which he cried against the altar at Bethel, Jeroboam stretched out his hand from the altar, saying, “Seize him.” And his hand, which he stretched out against him, dried up, so that he could not draw it back to himself. The altar also was torn down, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign that the man of God had given by the word of the LORD. And the king said to the man of God, “Entreat now the favor of the LORD your God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored to me.” And the man of God entreated the LORD, and the king's hand was restored to him and became as it was before. And the king said to the man of God, “Come home with me, and refresh yourself, and I will give you a reward.” And the man of God said to the king, “If you give me half your house, I will not go in with you. And I will not eat bread or drink water in this place, for so was it commanded me by the word of the LORD, saying, ‘You shall neither eat bread nor drink water nor return by the way that you came.’” 10 So he went another way and did not return by the way that he came to Bethel.

The Prophet's Disobedience

11 Now an old prophet lived in Bethel. And his sons1 came and told him all that the man of God had done that day in Bethel. They also told to their father the words that he had spoken to the king. 12 And their father said to them, “Which way did he go?” And his sons showed him the way that the man of God who came from Judah had gone. 13 And he said to his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me.” So they saddled the donkey for him and he mounted it. 14 And he went after the man of God and found him sitting under an oak. And he said to him, “Are you the man of God who came from Judah?” And he said, “I am.” 15 Then he said to him, “Come home with me and eat bread.” 16 And he said, “I may not return with you, or go in with you, neither will I eat bread nor drink water with you in this place, 17 for it was said to me by the word of the LORD, ‘You shall neither eat bread nor drink water there, nor return by the way that you came.’” 18 And he said to him, “I also am a prophet as you are, and an angel spoke to me by the word of the LORD, saying, ‘Bring him back with you into your house that he may eat bread and drink water.’” But he lied to him. 19 So he went back with him and ate bread in his house and drank water.

20 And as they sat at the table, the word of the LORD came to the prophet who had brought him back. 21 And he cried to the man of God who came from Judah, “Thus says the LORD, ‘Because you have disobeyed the word of the LORD and have not kept the command that the LORD your God commanded you, 22 but have come back and have eaten bread and drunk water in the place of which he said to you, “Eat no bread and drink no water,” your body shall not come to the tomb of your fathers.’” 23 And after he had eaten bread and drunk, he saddled the donkey for the prophet whom he had brought back. 24 And as he went away a lion met him on the road and killed him. And his body was thrown in the road, and the donkey stood beside it; the lion also stood beside the body. 25 And behold, men passed by and saw the body thrown in the road and the lion standing by the body. And they came and told it in the city where the old prophet lived.

26 And when the prophet who had brought him back from the way heard of it, he said, “It is the man of God who disobeyed the word of the LORD; therefore the LORD has given him to the lion, which has torn him and killed him, according to the word that the LORD spoke to him.” 27 And he said to his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me.” And they saddled it. 28 And he went and found his body thrown in the road, and the donkey and the lion standing beside the body. The lion had not eaten the body or torn the donkey. 29 And the prophet took up the body of the man of God and laid it on the donkey and brought it back to the city2 to mourn and to bury him. 30 And he laid the body in his own grave. And they mourned over him, saying, “Alas, my brother!” 31 And after he had buried him, he said to his sons, “When I die, bury me in the grave in which the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones. 32 For the saying that he called out by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel and against all the houses of the high places that are in the cities of Samaria shall surely come to pass.”

33 After this thing Jeroboam did not turn from his evil way, but made priests for the high places again from among all the people. Any who would, he ordained to be priests of the high places. 34 And this thing became sin to the house of Jeroboam, so as to cut it off and to destroy it from the face of the earth.

Footnotes

[1] 13:11 Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew son
[2] 13:29 Septuagint; Hebrew he came to the city of the old prophet

(ESV)

Philippians 4 (Listen)

Therefore, my brothers,1 whom I love and long for, my joy and crown, stand firm thus in the Lord, my beloved.

Exhortation, Encouragement, and Prayer

I entreat Euodia and I entreat Syntyche to agree in the Lord. Yes, I ask you also, true companion,2 help these women, who have labored3 side by side with me in the gospel together with Clement and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the book of life.

Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, rejoice. Let your reasonableness4 be known to everyone. The Lord is at hand; do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.

Finally, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is commendable, if there is any excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things. What you have learned5 and received and heard and seen in me—practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you.

God's Provision

10 I rejoiced in the Lord greatly that now at length you have revived your concern for me. You were indeed concerned for me, but you had no opportunity. 11 Not that I am speaking of being in need, for I have learned in whatever situation I am to be content. 12 I know how to be brought low, and I know how to abound. In any and every circumstance, I have learned the secret of facing plenty and hunger, abundance and need. 13 I can do all things through him who strengthens me.

14 Yet it was kind of you to share6 my trouble. 15 And you Philippians yourselves know that in the beginning of the gospel, when I left Macedonia, no church entered into partnership with me in giving and receiving, except you only. 16 Even in Thessalonica you sent me help for my needs once and again. 17 Not that I seek the gift, but I seek the fruit that increases to your credit.7 18 I have received full payment, and more. I am well supplied, having received from Epaphroditus the gifts you sent, a fragrant offering, a sacrifice acceptable and pleasing to God. 19 And my God will supply every need of yours according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus. 20 To our God and Father be glory forever and ever. Amen.

Final Greetings

21 Greet every saint in Christ Jesus. The brothers who are with me greet you. 22 All the saints greet you, especially those of Caesar's household.

23 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.

Footnotes

[1] 4:1 Or brothers and sisters; also verses 8, 21
[2] 4:3 Or loyal Syzygus; Greek true yokefellow
[3] 4:3 Or strived (see 1:27)
[4] 4:5 Or gentleness
[5] 4:9 Or these things— 9which things you have also learned
[6] 4:14 Or have fellowship in
[7] 4:17 Or I seek the profit that accrues to your account

(ESV)

In private: Psalms 95–96; Ezekiel 43

Psalms 95–96 (Listen)

Let Us Sing Songs of Praise

95   Oh come, let us sing to the LORD;
    let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation!
  Let us come into his presence with thanksgiving;
    let us make a joyful noise to him with songs of praise!
  For the LORD is a great God,
    and a great King above all gods.
  In his hand are the depths of the earth;
    the heights of the mountains are his also.
  The sea is his, for he made it,
    and his hands formed the dry land.
  Oh come, let us worship and bow down;
    let us kneel before the LORD, our Maker!
  For he is our God,
    and we are the people of his pasture,
    and the sheep of his hand.
  Today, if you hear his voice,
    do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah,
    as on the day at Massah in the wilderness,
  when your fathers put me to the test
    and put me to the proof, though they had seen my work.
10   For forty years I loathed that generation
    and said, “They are a people who go astray in their heart,
    and they have not known my ways.”
11   Therefore I swore in my wrath,
    “They shall not enter my rest.”

Worship in the Splendor of Holiness

96   Oh sing to the LORD a new song;
    sing to the LORD, all the earth!
  Sing to the LORD, bless his name;
    tell of his salvation from day to day.
  Declare his glory among the nations,
    his marvelous works among all the peoples!
  For great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised;
    he is to be feared above all gods.
  For all the gods of the peoples are worthless idols,
    but the LORD made the heavens.
  Splendor and majesty are before him;
    strength and beauty are in his sanctuary.
  Ascribe to the LORD, O families of the peoples,
    ascribe to the LORD glory and strength!
  Ascribe to the LORD the glory due his name;
    bring an offering, and come into his courts!
  Worship the LORD in the splendor of holiness;1
    tremble before him, all the earth!
10   Say among the nations, “The LORD reigns!
    Yes, the world is established; it shall never be moved;
    he will judge the peoples with equity.”
11   Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice;
    let the sea roar, and all that fills it;
12     let the field exult, and everything in it!
  Then shall all the trees of the forest sing for joy
13     before the LORD, for he comes,
    for he comes to judge the earth.
  He will judge the world in righteousness,
    and the peoples in his faithfulness.

Footnotes

[1] 96:9 Or in holy attire

(ESV)

Ezekiel 43 (Listen)

The Glory of the Lord Fills the Temple

43 Then he led me to the gate, the gate facing east. And behold, the glory of the God of Israel was coming from the east. And the sound of his coming was like the sound of many waters, and the earth shone with his glory. And the vision I saw was just like the vision that I had seen when he1 came to destroy the city, and just like the vision that I had seen by the Chebar canal. And I fell on my face. As the glory of the LORD entered the temple by the gate facing east, the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of the LORD filled the temple.

While the man was standing beside me, I heard one speaking to me out of the temple, and he said to me, “Son of man, this is the place of my throne and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the people of Israel forever. And the house of Israel shall no more defile my holy name, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoring and by the dead bodies2 of their kings at their high places,3 by setting their threshold by my threshold and their doorposts beside my doorposts, with only a wall between me and them. They have defiled my holy name by their abominations that they have committed, so I have consumed them in my anger. Now let them put away their whoring and the dead bodies of their kings far from me, and I will dwell in their midst forever.

10 “As for you, son of man, describe to the house of Israel the temple, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities; and they shall measure the plan. 11 And if they are ashamed of all that they have done, make known to them the design of the temple, its arrangement, its exits and its entrances, that is, its whole design; and make known to them as well all its statutes and its whole design and all its laws, and write it down in their sight, so that they may observe all its laws and all its statutes and carry them out. 12 This is the law of the temple: the whole territory on the top of the mountain all around shall be most holy. Behold, this is the law of the temple.

The Altar

13 “These are the measurements of the altar by cubits (the cubit being a cubit and a handbreadth):4 its base shall be one cubit high5 and one cubit broad, with a rim of one span6 around its edge. And this shall be the height of the altar: 14 from the base on the ground to the lower ledge, two cubits, with a breadth of one cubit; and from the smaller ledge to the larger ledge, four cubits, with a breadth of one cubit; 15 and the altar hearth, four cubits; and from the altar hearth projecting upward, four horns. 16 The altar hearth shall be square, twelve cubits long by twelve broad. 17 The ledge also shall be square, fourteen cubits long by fourteen broad, with a rim around it half a cubit broad, and its base one cubit all around. The steps of the altar shall face east.”

18 And he said to me, “Son of man, thus says the Lord GOD: These are the ordinances for the altar: On the day when it is erected for offering burnt offerings upon it and for throwing blood against it, 19 you shall give to the Levitical priests of the family of Zadok, who draw near to me to minister to me, declares the Lord GOD, a bull from the herd for a sin offering. 20 And you shall take some of its blood and put it on the four horns of the altar and on the four corners of the ledge and upon the rim all around. Thus you shall purify the altar and make atonement for it. 21 You shall also take the bull of the sin offering, and it shall be burned in the appointed place belonging to the temple, outside the sacred area. 22 And on the second day you shall offer a male goat without blemish for a sin offering; and the altar shall be purified, as it was purified with the bull. 23 When you have finished purifying it, you shall offer a bull from the herd without blemish and a ram from the flock without blemish. 24 You shall present them before the LORD, and the priests shall sprinkle salt on them and offer them up as a burnt offering to the LORD. 25 For seven days you shall provide daily a male goat for a sin offering; also, a bull from the herd and a ram from the flock, without blemish, shall be provided. 26 Seven days shall they make atonement for the altar and cleanse it, and so consecrate it.7 27 And when they have completed these days, then from the eighth day onward the priests shall offer on the altar your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, and I will accept you, declares the Lord GOD.”

Footnotes

[1] 43:3 Some Hebrew manuscripts and Vulgate; most Hebrew manuscripts when I
[2] 43:7 Or the monuments; also verse 9
[3] 43:7 Or at their deaths
[4] 43:13 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters; a handbreadth was about 3 inches or 7.5 centimeters
[5] 43:13 Or its gutter shall be one cubit deep
[6] 43:13 A span was about 9 inches or 22 centimeters
[7] 43:26 Hebrew fill its hand

(ESV)


           Comment on Συμφωνία των Πρεσπών: Εξώδικο στο υπουργείο Πολιτισμού λόγω μη προστασίας της αϋλης πολιτιστικής κληρονομιάς, όπως υποχρεούται βάσει της Σύμβασης της UNESCO by macedonianancestry       Cache   Translate Page      
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          World's Most Powerful Passport Revealed As Countries' Global Rankings Shift      Cache   Translate Page      
Japan passport holders will find it easier than ever to travel the world, as their travel documents have just moved up in the global Henley Passport Index to take the top spot.

The Henley Passport Index is a ranking of all of the passports in the world based on the number of countries their holders can travel to visa-free.

Until now Japan had been sharing joint first place with Singapore, which gained visa-free access to Uzbekistan earlier this year bringing its total to 189 countries.

However, earlier this month Japan gained visa-free access to Myanmar bringing its total to 190 - once again taking it to the top spot.


It's still a milestone for both Japan and Singapore, as 2018 is the first year in the index's 13-year history that either of them has had the most powerful passport in the world.
Both are way ahead of the UK and US which share fifth place with Portugal, the Netherlands, Austria and Luxembourg - but it's worth noting that the top four spots are shared by 10 countries.

Experts had previously revealed that the UK ranking is unlikely to increase until there is certainty regarding Brexit.
Full Henley Passport Index 2018

    Japan (190 countries)
    Singapore (189 countries)
    Germany, France, South Korea (188 countries)
    Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden, Spain (187 countries)
    Norway, UK, Austria, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, USA (186 countries)
    Belgium, Switzerland, Ireland, Canada (185 countries)
    Australia, Greece, Malta (183 countries)
    New Zealand, Czech Republic (182 countries)
    Iceland (181 countries)
    Hungary, Slovenia, Malyasia (180 countries)
    Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania (179 countries)
    Liechtenstein, Estonia (178 countries)
    Poland (175 countries)
    Monaco, Chile (174 countries)
    Cyprus (173 countries)
    Brazil (171 countries)
    Argentina, Hong Kong (170 countries)
    Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania (169 countries)
    Andorra, San Marino (168 countries)
    Brunei (165 countries)
    Israel, Barbados, UAE (161 countries)
    Mexico (158 countries)
    Bahamas (155 countries)
    Uruguay (154 countries)
    Seychelles (152 countries)
    St Kitts & Nevis (151 countries)
    Antigua (150 countries)
    Costa Rica (149 countries)
    Vatican City, Taiwan (148 countries)
    Trinidad and Tobago (147 countries)
    Mauritius, St Lucia (146 countries)
    St Vincent and the Grenadines (145 countries)
    Macao, Grenada (144 countries)
    Paraguay (143 countries)
    Panama (141 countries)
    Venezulea, Honduras (138 countries)
    Dominica, Guatemala, El Savador (137 countries)
    Peru (135 countries)
    Serbia, Solomon Islands (130 countries)
    Samoa, Vanuatu (129 countries)
    Nicaragua, Ukraine (128 countries)
    Colombia, Tuvalu (127 countries)
    Macedonia (125 countries)
    Marshall Islands, Tonga (124 countries)
    Kiribati, Montenegro (123 countries)
    Micronesia, Moldova (122 countries)
    Russia, Palau Islands (119 countries)
    Bosnia and Herzegovina (118 countries)
    Albania (114 countries)
    Georgia (112 countries)
    Turkey (111 countries)
    South Africa (102 countries)
    Belize (101 countries)
    Timor-Leste (98 countries)
    Ecuador, Kuwait (93 countries)
    Fiji (90 countries)
    Guyana (88 countries)
    Maldives (87 countries)
    Nauru (86 countries)
    Qatar (85 countries)
    Jamaica (84 countries)
    Papua New Guinea (83 countries)
    Botswana (82 countries)
    Bahrain (81 countries)
    Suriname (80 countries)
    Bolivia (79 countries)
    Oman (78 countries)
    Belarus, Thailand (77 countries)
    Namibia, Kazakhstan (76 countries)
    Saudi Arabia (75 countries)
    Lesotho, China (74 countries)
    Indonesia (73 countries)
    Swaziland, Kenya, Malawi (71 countries)
    Gambia, Tanzania, Zambia (68 countries)
    Tunisia, Azerbaijan, Philippines, Dominican Republic (66 countries)
    Cape Verde, Cuba (65 countries)
    Uganda, Zimbabwe (64 countries)
    Ghana, Kyrgyzstan (63 countries)
    Sierra Leone (62 countries)
    Armenia, Benin, Morocco, Mongolia (61 countries)
    India (60 countries)
    Uzbekistan (59 countries)
    Sao Tome, Mauritania, Mozambique, Tajikistan (58 countries)
    Burkina Faso (57 countries)
    Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea (56 countries)
    Mali, Gabon, Bhutan (55 countries)
    Togo, Niger, Cambodia, Rwanda (54 countries)
    Chad, Madagascar, Guinea-Bissau, Turkmenistan (53 countries)
    Comores Islands, Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Laos (52 countries)
    Vietnam (51 countries)
    Algeria, Jordan (50 countries)
    Central African Republic, Angola, Egypt (49 countries)
    Cameroon, Myanmar (48 countries)
    Liberia, Nigeria, Congo (Republic) (47 countries)
    Burundi (46 countries)
    Djibouti (45 countries)
    Kosovo (44 countries)
    Congo (Democratic Republic), Iran (43 countries)
    Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, North Korea (42 countries)
    South Sudan, Bangladesh, Lebanon, Libya (41 countries)
    Nepal (40 countries)
    Sudan, Eritrea, Palestinian Territory (39 countries)
    Yemen (37 countries)
    Pakistan (33 countries)
    Somalia, Syria (32 countries)
    Iraq, Afghanistan (30 countries)



          #24 El último que apague la luz      Cache   Translate Page      

#21 En los Balcanes también están Eslovenia, Montenegro y Macedonia. Si el problema en Yugoslavia es que la opción minoritaria de la población sobre los límites del estado tomó las armas para defenderse... y un estado (o dos, si incluyes a Croacia) les dio cobertura, no la separación en sí misma. Para cualquier otra cosa, Estonia, Letonia, Lituania, la República Checa, Eslovaquia, Moldavia, Bielorrusia, Ucrania... ¿Eso no salió en tu tele? Pero oye, si tu pretensión es de hacer de un caso la opción mayoritaria también es opcional, claramente.

» autor: rataxuelle


          #16 El último que apague la luz      Cache   Translate Page      

#10 La guerra entre la República Checa y Eslovaquia, entre Serbia y Montenegro, entre Yugoslavia y Macedonia, entre Lituania y Rusia... fueron genocidios, sin duda.

» autor: rataxuelle


          Senior Finance Officer - Athens      Cache   Translate Page      
Position Title: Senior Finance Officer Department: Operations Location: Athens, Greece Reports To: Operations Manager About Us: CRS is responding to the humanitarian needs of refugees arriving in Europe and the Balkans from the Middle East and Africa. Since July 2015, CRS has been working with 10 local partners in Greece, FYR of Macedonia, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Albania and Bulgaria providing immediate food and non-food relief assistance, as well as shelter, sanitation, medical care and translation services. CRS partners include CARITAS members, as well as local NGOs. CRS’...
          October 10: Acts 16       Cache   Translate Page      

New Testament: Acts 16

Acts 16 (Listen)

Timothy Joins Paul and Silas

16 Paul1 came also to Derbe and to Lystra. A disciple was there, named Timothy, the son of a Jewish woman who was a believer, but his father was a Greek. He was well spoken of by the brothers2 at Lystra and Iconium. Paul wanted Timothy to accompany him, and he took him and circumcised him because of the Jews who were in those places, for they all knew that his father was a Greek. As they went on their way through the cities, they delivered to them for observance the decisions that had been reached by the apostles and elders who were in Jerusalem. So the churches were strengthened in the faith, and they increased in numbers daily.

The Macedonian Call

And they went through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia. And when they had come up to Mysia, they attempted to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them. So, passing by Mysia, they went down to Troas. And a vision appeared to Paul in the night: a man of Macedonia was standing there, urging him and saying, “Come over to Macedonia and help us.” 10 And when Paul3 had seen the vision, immediately we sought to go on into Macedonia, concluding that God had called us to preach the gospel to them.

The Conversion of Lydia

11 So, setting sail from Troas, we made a direct voyage to Samothrace, and the following day to Neapolis, 12 and from there to Philippi, which is a leading city of the4 district of Macedonia and a Roman colony. We remained in this city some days. 13 And on the Sabbath day we went outside the gate to the riverside, where we supposed there was a place of prayer, and we sat down and spoke to the women who had come together. 14 One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of purple goods, who was a worshiper of God. The Lord opened her heart to pay attention to what was said by Paul. 15 And after she was baptized, and her household as well, she urged us, saying, “If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come to my house and stay.” And she prevailed upon us.

Paul and Silas in Prison

16 As we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a slave girl who had a spirit of divination and brought her owners much gain by fortune-telling. 17 She followed Paul and us, crying out, “These men are servants of the Most High God, who proclaim to you the way of salvation.” 18 And this she kept doing for many days. Paul, having become greatly annoyed, turned and said to the spirit, “I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her.” And it came out that very hour.

19 But when her owners saw that their hope of gain was gone, they seized Paul and Silas and dragged them into the marketplace before the rulers. 20 And when they had brought them to the magistrates, they said, “These men are Jews, and they are disturbing our city. 21 They advocate customs that are not lawful for us as Romans to accept or practice.” 22 The crowd joined in attacking them, and the magistrates tore the garments off them and gave orders to beat them with rods. 23 And when they had inflicted many blows upon them, they threw them into prison, ordering the jailer to keep them safely. 24 Having received this order, he put them into the inner prison and fastened their feet in the stocks.

The Philippian Jailer Converted

25 About midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns to God, and the prisoners were listening to them, 26 and suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken. And immediately all the doors were opened, and everyone's bonds were unfastened. 27 When the jailer woke and saw that the prison doors were open, he drew his sword and was about to kill himself, supposing that the prisoners had escaped. 28 But Paul cried with a loud voice, “Do not harm yourself, for we are all here.” 29 And the jailer5 called for lights and rushed in, and trembling with fear he fell down before Paul and Silas. 30 Then he brought them out and said, “Sirs, what must I do to be saved?” 31 And they said, “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.” 32 And they spoke the word of the Lord to him and to all who were in his house. 33 And he took them the same hour of the night and washed their wounds; and he was baptized at once, he and all his family. 34 Then he brought them up into his house and set food before them. And he rejoiced along with his entire household that he had believed in God.

35 But when it was day, the magistrates sent the police, saying, “Let those men go.” 36 And the jailer reported these words to Paul, saying, “The magistrates have sent to let you go. Therefore come out now and go in peace.” 37 But Paul said to them, “They have beaten us publicly, uncondemned, men who are Roman citizens, and have thrown us into prison; and do they now throw us out secretly? No! Let them come themselves and take us out.” 38 The police reported these words to the magistrates, and they were afraid when they heard that they were Roman citizens. 39 So they came and apologized to them. And they took them out and asked them to leave the city. 40 So they went out of the prison and visited Lydia. And when they had seen the brothers, they encouraged them and departed.

Footnotes

[1] 16:1 Greek He
[2] 16:2 Or brothers and sisters; also verse 40
[3] 16:10 Greek he
[4] 16:12 Or that
[5] 16:29 Greek he

(ESV)


          Treasure in the Details      Cache   Translate Page      

Paul could not have made the importance of Phoebe's previous work in Cenchrae and her future work with the church in Rome more clear.
"The devil's in the details!"

Yes, I know that folk proverb can be true. Likewise, most of us who have "searched long and hard" for something precious have also discovered another truth: The treasure can be in the details! Many of life's sweetest discoveries happen because we research carefully, we look exhaustively, and we pay attention to the smallest details.

I have found this principle especially true in Bible study. Some of the Bible's most glorious treasures reveal themselves in the small details in the scriptures. This principle is especially true when we invest some time focusing on genealogies, travel notes, and personal greetings at the beginning and end of the gospels and Paul's letters. These often overlooked sections of our Bibles frequently have unexpected blessings if we will take a closer look at their details. The last chapter of Paul's letter to the Romans has a number of these treasures.

Paul had never visited Rome, yet he addressed 17 men and 10 women,[ONE] including several households, as he closes his letter (Romans 16:1-16). This list reflects the diverse nature of the church family in Rome. Paul championed this diversity. He taught that grace tore down cultural barriers as all people were baptized into Christ:

There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:28).

That Paul mentioned so many people in the church in Rome — in a town that he had never visited — reminds us of the mobile nature of the early church. This interconnectedness of early believers across the Roman Empire also demonstrated their commitment to seek each other out as brothers and sisters while they traveled. When we investigate a little more closely, we discover Paul's interest in these individual people was also tied to his robust prayer life, his intentional maturing of new disciples, along with his concern for "his" churches and the precious people who made up those churches (2 Corinthians 11:28; Colossians 1:28-29; 1 Thessalonians 1:2-3; 5:23-24; 2 Thessalonians 1:11-12; 2:16-17).

The focus of our current series of reflections is on the importance of women in Scripture. This list (Romans 16:1-16) is a powerful reminder of their importance in the life of the early church and celebrated by the apostle Paul. Paying attention to this list, along with other personal tidbits in Paul's other letters, helps us discover many ways that women served, led, and blessed the early church.

Paul's list begins with a note of recommendation for Phoebe to the church in Rome:

I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God's people. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me (Romans 16:1-2 NLT).

Paul called Phoebe a deacon in the church in Cenchrae. The natural understanding of Paul's words indicates this servant leader role for Phoebe. She was probably a woman of financial means — a benefactor or special financial supporter of important ministries — who is now coming to the congregations in Rome from Cenchrea. Paul commands these Roman believers to respect her ministry and help her in her ministry efforts in Rome.[ThREE] While I don't know all the ways Phoebe led in ministry and blessed the Lord's people, we have similar examples of other women who were servant leaders in ministry — women like Dorcas in Joppa (Acts 9:36-43) and Lydia in Philippi (Acts 16:13-15, 40). Euodia and Syntyche, also from Philippi, probably also fit into a similar leading ministry role in Philippi (Philippians 4:2-3).

Paul could not have made the importance of Phoebe's previous work in Cenchrae and her future work with the church in Rome more clear. The church was to welcome and support her in her ministry. She is a great reminder of how church practice in modern times in some places has lagged behind the example of the early church.

The next woman on Paul's list (Romans 16:3) was Priscilla (Prisca), whose husband was Aquila. These two early church leaders are found together in various cities. They are repeatedly tied to various aspects of Paul's ministry. Paul considered them his dear co-workers:

Give my greetings to Priscilla and Aquila, my co-workers in the ministry of Christ Jesus. They once risked their lives for me. I am thankful to them, and so are all the Gentile churches. Also give my greetings to the church that meets in their home (Romans 16:3-5 NLT).

This dynamic married couple hosted house churches in Rome (Romans 16:5), Ephesus (1 Corinthians 16:19), and Corinth (Acts 18:3). They accompanied Paul on some of his mission efforts (Acts 18:18). When a dynamic orator named Apollos spoke about Jesus to unbelieving Jews in Ephesus very eloquently, but incompletely and inaccurately, this couple took him aside privately and straightened out his teaching on Jesus (Acts 18:24-26). That Luke and Paul often referred to Priscilla first would suggest that she took the lead in this and other efforts. Both Priscilla and Aquila worked hard with Paul in the work of the gospel. They shared ministry, life, and the common vocation of leather work and tent-making (Acts 18:1-3).

This couple had risked their lives right alongside Paul to share the gospel. Priscilla played a huge role in evangelism, providing a place for the church to meet as well as teaching Apollos the truth about Jesus more completely. Again, the Bible usually refers to Priscilla first when mentioning this couple. This order is significant. Her culture, along with traditional biblical practice, normally listed the man first when referring to a married couple. Her priority in most references suggests that she took the lead in the ministry efforts that she shared with her husband.

That Priscilla partnered in ministry with her husband, Aquila, does not negate or minimize her importance to the life of the church and the work of Paul. Her work was vital to congregations. Her ministry was important to evangelism. Her work in hosting the churches was essential to church growth in three leading cities in the ancient world. Each of these roles shows the widespread influence that Priscilla had along with her husband in blessing the early church.

Phoebe and Priscilla are just the first two of ten women we find in Romans 16. These women served all sorts of roles. Some were imprisoned with Paul because of their work in evangelism. Some were dear to Paul personally because of their ministry to him. One was known as an apostle, an early person of faith. Each was invaluable to the work of Jesus. All of this we know because these treasures are right there for us to find in the details!

I encourage you to read Paul's list in several translations. Get a feel for how important their work, service, ministry, support, leadership, sacrifice, and encouragement were to Paul and the early church. Also, notice the roles and the value of these roles that Paul assigned to them. What follows are the verses with each woman's key work or achievement in bold print and their names underlined:

Greet my dear friend Epenetus. He was the first person from the province of Asia to become a follower of Christ. Give my greetings to Mary, who has worked so hard for your benefit. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews, who were in prison with me. They are highly respected among the apostles and became followers of Christ before I did. Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord. Greet Urbanus, our co-worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys.

Greet Apelles, a good man whom Christ approves. And give my greetings to the believers from the household of Aristobulus. Greet Herodion, my fellow Jew. Greet the Lord's people from the household of Narcissus. Give my greetings to Tryphena and Tryphosa, the Lord's workers, and to dear Persis, who has worked so hard for the Lord. Greet Rufus, whom the Lord picked out to be his very own; and also his dear mother, who has been a mother to me.

Give my greetings to Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers and sisters* who meet with them. Give my greetings to Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and to Olympas and all the believers who meet with them. Greet each other in Christian love. All the churches of Christ send you their greetings (Romans 16:5-16 NLT).

As we have seen in previous weeks, women were instrumental in supporting the ministry of Jesus. They were faithful to be present with him through the Passion when the male disciples were not. We also find these women praying for the coming of the Holy Spirit and present at Pentecost. They played important roles in the evangelization of Macedonia. They were vital in providing churches and missionaries places to meet. They were partners in ministry with the apostle Paul.

Many of these women, as Paul's list (Romans 16:1-16) indicates, worked hard for the Lord and his people. They served in recognized roles with titles and responsibilities and as behind-the-scenes servants. While we may not know everything that each of their ministries entailed, we do know that Paul felt their work was significant enough to include in his letter that was read aloud in the church assemblies in Rome. We must not discount or forget that these are roles, titles, and ministries in which these women led and served with the blessing of Paul, the apostle. Let's appreciate and involve women in similar ways today, valuing them as gifted servants of Jesus, partners in ministry, and essential leaders in servant ministry to the church and the world.



[ONE] This list of names helps identify the ten women based on the feminine endings for their names: Phoebe, Priscilla (Prisca), Mary, Junia, Tryphena, Tryphosa, Persis, Rufus' mother, Julia, and Nereus' sister.

[TWO] Here are the current articles in our series:

[THREE] For a few today, some lingering debate remains over whether or not Phoebe was an official "deacon" or a regular "servant" leader in the church at Cenchrea. After all, the word "deacon" (1 Timothy 3:8) and "servant" (Matthew 23:11) and "minister" (2 Corinthians 3:6) are the same word in the original Greek — diakonos. This word refers to a simple table servant or household servant in common usage and always carries the connotation of servant wherever it is found. Early English translators did not translate the word servant, but transliterated it — they gave a sound equivalent instead of an equivalent term in English. Some of the first recognized servant leaders in the early church were appointed to take care of feeding the neglected widows in Jerusalem (Acts 6:1-7), the term appears to have gained an important distinction for those who serve those in need in some special way. By the time Paul wrote 1 Timothy 3 and Titus 1, the sense of a recognized servant to the congregation had a clear importance and responsibility. Paul made clear that there was a certain character needed to serve in this role whether these servant leaders ("deacons") were men or women (1 Timothy 3:8-13). Paul refers specifically to these kinds of special servants who functioned as servant leaders in Philippians 1:1.

Several insights are important as we look at Phoebe's role and importance to the churches of Cenchrea and Rome:

  1. The New Testament did not have a separate "religious" word like today's word deacon.[THREE] The Greek word sometimes transliterated "deacon," diakonos to sound like the original word, really meant "table servant." This word probably would be best translated "servant leader" most places it is found in the New Testament. Jesus used this term to describe his leadership (Luke 22:24-26; Matthew 23:11). Paul pointed early Christians to Jesus as the supreme example of this kind of true leadership (Philippians 2:5-11). As students of the scriptures, we have to determine the best term to use to translate diakonos into English based largely on context. But, we must be careful not to change the meaning of the term and role simply because of the gender of the person described, especially when the New Testament does not do this. Just because the first list of those who served in a similar role were men (Acts 6:1-7), doesn't mean we can ignore the women who are mentioned in similar roles. In Jewish cultures near Jerusalem, only men were allowed to serve in such roles. However, as the Christian movement expanded and women had greater freedoms, we find them taking on increasingly important roles as we see in Macedonia (Acts 16:13-15, 40; Acts 17:4, 12; Philippians 4:2-3) and Rome (Romans 16:1-16).
  2. The language used for Phoebe describes her in a leading servant role in her congregation — "a servant of the church at Cenchrae" (Romans 16:1 ESV). The way the church in Rome was commanded by Paul to "help her in whatever she may need (require) from you..." (Romans 16:2 ESV) also supports this understanding for her role in Rome. (If Phoebe's name had been Philip, there would be no doubt about her role as a "deacon" because she is identified with a specific congregation — compare Philippians 1:1.) She may have served as a patron or benefactor providing funds and resources for the early church (Romans 16:1 NIV), similar to the women who supported Jesus (Luke 8:1-3) and like Lydia who provided for the church and the mission team in Philippi (Acts 16:11-15, 40). Or, she could have had a ministry like Dorcas who did much good and helped the poor (Acts 9:36-43). She may have had a key role in evangelizing people in Cenchrae similar to what Euodia and Syntyche had done in Philippi (Philippians 4:2-3). Determining her exact role is not the significant point. The significant point is that Phoebe was recognized in two different sets of churches as someone integral to the church's ministry, as well as someone who should be welcomed, followed, and supported in her good work for the kingdom of God (Romans 16:2). She is but one of several women in recognized roles in the ministry of Jesus and the early church — like the women who supported Jesus or Lydia, Euodia, Syntyche, and Dorcas.
  3. That there are qualifications for "the women" who served in the role of "deacon" or "leading servant" in Ephesus (1 Timothy 3:11) indicates that this role for women was recognized in Ephesus as well as Cenchrae and Rome and was supported by the apostle Paul in all three places. Some today still have problems with women having qualifications for serving as a "deacon" because some translations chose to interpret the reference to "the women" as "their wives." As the footnote of nearly every responsible Bible translation suggests, the translation of "the women" as "their wives" (1 Timothy 3:11 ESV) is an interpretation rather than a translation. The word "wife" is not used (1 Timothy 3:11 NLT). The literal wording is "women likewise..." Since there are no corresponding character attributes required for the "the women" who are married to elders, then these requirements for the wives of male "deacons" seems out of place. The simplest understanding, and the one accepted by many conservative scholars today, is that Paul was giving the character attributes for women who served as "deacons." Notice two realities that support this understanding. First, Paul gives qualifications for widows who served and were supported by the church in 1 Timothy 5:3-16, so we know that women did serve in some forms of ministry. Second, we have the example of Phoebe who is called a "deacon" (Romans 16:1-2). Paul's language clearly implies that Phoebe served the congregation in Cenchrae in an accepted and official leadership role. Paul also gave instructions on how the church in Rome was to receive and support her in a similar role. Notice the language of the New Living Translation which carefully translates these terms:

    I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God's people. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me (Romans 16:1-2 NLT).

  4. Two truths about Phoebe cannot be doubted:

    • She was invaluable to Paul and the congregations with whom she was involved.
    • She ministered to and with congregations. Her ministry was not in an out-of-the-way position or a backseat ministry without any authority: in fact, the congregations in Rome were to help her do her ministry.



  5. Special thanks to Free Bible Images for the images used on this page.

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    About the author: Phil Ware has authored 11 years of daily devotionals, including VerseoftheDay.com, read by 500,000 people a day. He works with churches in transition with Interim Ministry Partners and for the past 21+ years, he has been editor and president of HEARTLIGHT Magazine, author of VerseoftheDay.com, God's Holy Fire (on the Holy Spirit), and aYearwithJesus.com. Phil has also authored four books, daily devotionals on each of the four gospels.
           Komentar di Bangsa Nusantara sebagai Keturunan Nabi Ibrahim AS (Brahma/Bromo?) ? oleh arif-arfian ya?       Cache   Translate Page      
“Inilah sebahagian daripada sejarah-nya, nagari sigumawang ! di sawah lunto .sijunjuang. bangsa melayu berasal dari pulau paco/negeri melayu/nusantara/nagari sigumawang Membilang dimulai dari aso/satu (asal-mula bilangan). The inheritance is received, a message the old folks used to be: Nan (a) a line of abstinence is lost, forgotten path of abstinence. If missing nan (a) a line, try asking the teacher. If you forget a step, look for former tebangannya stump. The inheritance received, admonished by the teacher of religion: Chant starts alif. Advice from the mamak (uncle): Counted starting from aso / one (the origins of numbers). Nan (a) the origin, Allah.(God) two, earth. three, day Nan one of four, water praying Lima,(Five) the door of fortune. six, fetus in the mother’s womb. seven, human power. eight, rank of paradise. nine, rank of Muhammad. tenth Muhammad, God said we are there. Kun, said God. Fayakun, said Muhammad. Nabikun, said Gabriel. Yes Ibrahi, said the earth and sky. Kibrakun, said Adam, so all the work What happens nan. Since the sickness with Qalam (pen) to the Throne with Kurisyi, all of heaven to hell, to the moon with the sun, sky and earth with all its contents terkadung in wahdaniah (container) of God. Nan asal-mula, Allah. Dua, bumi. Tiga, hari empat, air sembahyang Lima, pintu rejeki. Enam, janin dalam kandungan ibunya. Tujuh, pangkat manusia. Delapan, pangkat surga. Sembilan, pangkat Muhammad. Kesepuluh Muhammad jadi, di situ berkata tuhan kita. Kun, katanya Allah. Fayakun, kata Muhammad. Nabikun, kata Jibrail. Ya Ibrahim, kata bumi dan langit. Kibrakun, kata Adam, jadi segala pekerjaan Apa nan terjadi. Sejak dari Luah dengan Qalam(kalam) sampai ke Arasy dengan Kurisyi, semua surga dengan neraka, hingga bulan dengan matahari, langit serta bumi dengan semua isinya terkadung di dalam wahdaniah(wadahnya) Tuhan. Are five cases Which one of five case. Trays of land, raw land, black soil, red soil with a white ground. (Note: People coming from the ground) Digengam ground by Gabriel, taken flight to the presence of God, terhantar on the table, in it the seeds into the stem, where the cotton into yarn, went up there the sky, hit the earth down there, there’s little it was named, there are large given the title, Adam took place there, he was the keeper of the world. Because long-very long, as well as home-coming, because of fog rolling collision, because the sea-empangnya estuary. Finished the year turned into years, then the mother melahirkanlah human, Eve, as many as forty less one or 39 people. So dikawinkanlah a person to a person The youngest are not paired, then bernazarlah prophet when Adam was. “Oh God, yes rabbil alamin, let me with all of our children and grandchildren me.” The will is being fulfilled, the request is granted, the intention being accepted of God. Lord said to Gabriel. Hi angel Gabriel, you go to heaven nan eight. Tell someone you know a child angel named Puti Dewanghari, son of Puti Andarasan that he would be taken by Sutan Rajo Alam over the world. Gabriel then fly to heaven to preach to the Puti nan Dewanghari eight, that he would be paired with Sutan Rajo Alam over the world. So memandanglah Puti Dewanghari to earth, behold the son of Adam on the nature Sigumawang, between huwa hiya conceived with Abun with Makbun. Wallahualam. Big heart, he gathered all peragat tools, is an umbrella-yellow banner, umbrella berjepit reciprocity, complete and yellow banners merawal, such as footwear, slippers studded with rhinestone diamonds man in heaven, then Meet them at the top of the hill Qaf , and married the owner of the kadi rambun Azali footbridge at the base of Seven, under the nan sacred tomb. Then baked white incense, the smoke rose into the air, all the angels were surprised, amazed all the angels, menyembar lightning in the sky, bergegar lightning above the earth, the sky lit up continues to the seventh, jerked into the presence of God as a witness to the marriage. Long, long time ago, after days turned into months, months turned into years gone, one of his children and grandchildren who holds a Sutan Sikandarareni (or Alexander the Alexander the Great) a king ruling over the world and have offspring. The first, Sutan Alif Maharaja, Maharaja Sutan Depang second, third and Sutan Maharajo Dirajo. Alif ruling Maharaja Sutan Banuruhum (continent Rum or Rome). Sutan Depang Maharaja ruled the country of China, while Sutan Maharajo Believe Dirajo go to the island (Sumatra), ruled in Pariangan Padang Panjang, at the foot of Mount Merapi in the country that has not been named Minang Kabau. Adalah lima perkara Mana yang lima perkara itu. Tanah baki, tanah baku, tanah hitam, tanah merah dengan tanah putih. (catatan: Manusia berasal dari tanah) Tanah digengam oleh Jibrail, dibawa terbang ke hadirat Tuhan, terhantar di atas meja, di situ biji menjadi batang, di sana kapas menjadi benang, di situ langit beranjak naik, di sana bumi menghantam turun, di situ si kecil maka diberi nama, di sana yang besar diberi gelar, di situ Adam bertempat, ia sebagai penunggu isi dunia. Karena lama-sangat lama, karena asal-berasal pula, karena bukit-tumbukan kabut, karena laut-empangnya muara. Habis tahun berganti tahun, maka melahirkanlah si ibu manusia, Siti Hawa, sebanyak empat puluh kurang satu atau 39 orang. Maka dikawinkanlah se orang kepada yang se orang Yang bungsu tidak berjodoh, maka bernazarlah nabi Adam ketika itu. “Ya Allah, ya rabbil alamin, perkenankanlah aku dengan anak cucu aku kesemuanya.” Kehendak sedang dipenuhi, permintaan sedang dikabulkan, maksud sedang diterima Tuhan. Berfirmanlah Tuhan kepada Jibrail. Hai malaikat Jibrail, pergilah engkau ke surga nan delapan. Kabarkan kepada anak bidadari yang bernama Puti Dewanghari, anak dari Puti Andarasan bahwa dia akan diambil oleh Sutan Rajo Alam di atas dunia. Maka terbanglah Jibrail ke surga nan delapan mengabarkan kepada Puti Dewanghari, bahwa dia akan dipasangkan dengan Sutan Rajo Alam di atas dunia. Maka memandanglah Puti Dewanghari ke atas dunia, tampaklah anak Adam di atas alam Sigumawang, antara huwa dengan hiya dikandung Abun dengan Makbun. Wallahualam. Besar hati, maka dikumpulkannya alat-peragat kesemuanya, ialah payung-panji kuning, payung berjepit timbal-balik, lengkap serta umbul-umbul merawal kuning, seperti alas kaki-selop bertahtakan intan berlian buatan orang di surga, maka bertemulah mereka di puncak bukit Qaf, lalu dinikahkan oleh tuan kadi Rambun Azali di pangkal titian Tujuh, di bawah nisan nan keramat. Maka dibakarlah kemenyan putih, asap menjulang ke udara, terkejut sekalian malaikat, tercengang semua bidadari, menyembar kilat di langit, bergegar petir atas bumi, terang benderang terus ke langit yang ke tujuh, terhentak ke hadirat tuhan sebagai saksi pernikahan. Lama, sudah lama sekali, habis hari berganti bulan, habis bulan berganti tahun, salah seorang anak cucu beliau yang bergelar Sutan Sikandarareni (Iskandar Zulkarnain atau cyrus the great)penyatu empayar parsi kuno menjadi raja berkuasa seluruh dunia dan mempunyai keturunan. Yang pertama, Sutan Maharaja Alif, kedua Sutan Maharaja Depang, dan yang ketiga Sutan Maharajo Dirajo. Sutan Maharaja Alif memerintah di Banuruhum (benua Rum atau Roma). Sutan Maharaja Depang memerintah di negeri Cina, sedangkan Sutan Maharajo Dirajo pergi ke pulau Perca(Sumatra), memerintah di Pariangan Padang Panjang, di kaki gunung Merapi di negeri yang belum bernama Minang Kabau. Sutan trip Maharajo Dirajo The Sutan Sikandareni, natural rajo wise nan, saw the child is growing up, which is ripe with teaching practice martial arts, from indulging in the liver was about to get kids to go wander mancari knowledge and experience. Terpikirlah at that time with what the kids will sail off into the ocean wide. Terbayanglah large piece of wood that grows in the upper stem Masia (Egypt) named timber Sajatalobi, lush leaves, branches many, long, straight stems, too. Appear to be thinking about to cut them down to remove pencalang three children go wander. Then collected all the wise men in Arab lands Brought an ax and a pickaxe to chop wood, has a lot of people cut down, was seventy-seven beliuang (machetes) cleft, thirty-three axes are broken, but it does not stick as well go big fall, wondered what could cause. Because the pillars of the requirements were not met, then there came wise men, teaching hints, and many people were gathered. Kibasy and camels slaughtered, burned incense, white, smoke rose into the air, people pray for all of them, memintaklah Sutan Sikanderani “Oh God, yes rabbil alamin, let me cut the wood to navigate the vast sea Sajatalobi.” Wishes are granted, there is a request is received, the upstream stem berguncanglah Masie, earthquake nagari seven days and seven nights, so a lot of fallen timber including Sajatalobi rod. By knowledgeable people who take the leaves and stems. The leaves are mixed into the ink, tanned skin became paper used to write the divine word of the Koran nan many people. The bark is made into cloth to worship God. If throbbing toe master, jerking to the crown, green eyes, the breath passes, moving to the next world, we are sick in the grave dispute to the field mahsyar, warm light pole Throne, scattered rotting in hell. But if we have any prayer, Qur’an and hadith to be guidelines, have done, tegah stopped, all the news from our teachers, then go lovely stem into the upper reaches, the world’s number if understood, even if it comes the promise of the Hereafter, if the message is coming nagari , first promise kept, move to the next world, fun himself in the tomb, out into the field, mahsyar, light shaded pole throne, we went back to heaven, see side by side with Khadija lord in heaven jannatun naim. Sajatalobi fell unto the wood, cut off the stems into three for three pencalang makers as well. One pencalang Maharaja Sutan Alif, a pencalang Maharajo Depang and another one for Sutan Maharajo pencalang Dirajo. Day evening, malampun came, summoned all children, given the instruction manual, instead of wandering stock. Fell to Maharaja Sutan Alif receive a crown of gold, Sutan Maharaja Depang receive stock-shaped tool builders, Sutan Maharajo Dirajo receive the book contains laws. Subuhpun rooster crows arrived, the day the sun rises in the morning, went to her third child. The Maharaja Sutan Alif tambonya closed, not to be opened at this time. About Sutan Maharaja Depang story got out here! Maharaja Sutan Dirajo sailed to the island rag, making friends with the title of Sheikh Salah Cateri Say Clever, clever person wise wise scholar, son of Masia river. Somewhere along a friend who grew titled Tiger Campa, who again holds a goat Forest, the third title of Siamese cats, the other one parewa (thugs) nan Mualim titled Dogs. The Cateri Say (say) Clever – clever menorah (clearing)-menelakang, proficient menjarum-manjarumek, can brazing with saliva, good comb in the water – capable of shooting in the dark, dark, dim crazy blind, just crossed the dart, direct hit on the target – good at making sambang lodges nan (fortress) berpasak of the – not yet achieved is already open – immediately arrive at its destination. Perjalanan Sutan Maharajo Dirajo Adapun Sutan Sikandareni, rajo alam nan arif bijaksana, melihat anak sudah beranjak dewasa, yang sudah masak berlatih silat dengan pengajaran, timbul niat dalam hati hendak menyuruh anak pergi merantau mancari ilmu serta pengalaman. Terpikirlah pada masa itu dengan apa anak akan dilepas berlayar ke lautan luas. Terbayanglah sebatang kayu besar yang tumbuh di hulu batang Masia (Egypt) bernama kayu Sajatalobi, daunnya rimbun, rantingnya banyak, batang panjang lurus pula. Muncul pikiran hendak menebangnya guna dibuat pencalang tiga buah untuk melepas anak pergi merantau. Maka dikumpulkan semua cerdik pandai di tanah Arab Dibawa kapak dan beliung untuk menebang kayu tersebut, sudah banyak orang menebang, sudah tujuh puluh tujuh beliuang (parang)sumbing, sudah tiga puluh tiga kapak yang patah, namun batang kayu besar itu tidak juga kunjung rebah, apakah gerangan penyebabnya. Karena rukun syarat belum terpenuhi, maka datanglah orang cerdik pandai memberi petunjuk-pengajaran, lalu dikumpulkanlah orang banyak. Disembelih kibasy dan unta, dibakar kemenyan putih, asap menjulang ke udara, orang mendoa kesemuanya, memintaklah Sutan Sikanderani “Ya Allah, ya rabbil alamin, perkenankanlah aku menebang kayu Sajatalobi untuk mengarungi lautan luas.” Keinginan sedang dikabulkan, permintaan ada diterima, berguncanglah hulu batang Masie, gempa nagari tujuh hari tujuh malam, sehingga banyak kayu yang rebah termasuk batang Sajatalobi. Oleh orang yang berilmu diambil daun dan batangnya. Daun diramu menjadi tinta, kulit disamak menjadi kertas guna menuliskan kalam Ilahi dipakai mengaji umat nan banyak. Kulit batangnya dibuat menjadi kain untuk beribadat kepada Allah. Kalau berdenyut empu jari kaki, menyentak ke ubun-ubun, mata hijau, nafas berlalu, dunia berpindah ke akhirat, sakit kita dalam kubur sengketa sampai ke padang mahsyar, hangat cahaya tiang arasy, lapuk berserak di neraka. Tapi kalau kita ada sembahyang, Qur’an dan hadis menjadi pedoman, suruh dikerjakan, tegah dihentikan, sepanjang kabar dari guru-guru kita, maka elok masuk punca ke hulunya, bilangan dunia kalau dipahami, janji akhirat kalaulah tiba, pesan nagari kalau lah datang, janji dahulu ditepati, dunia berpindah ke akhirat, senanglah diri di dalam kubur, lepas ke tengah padang mahsyar, teduh cahaya tiang arasy, pulanglah kita ke surga, melihat junjungan bersanding dengan khadijah dalam surga jannatun naim. Rebahlah kayu Sajatalobi, batangnya dikerat menjadi tiga untuk pembuat pencalang tiga pula. Satu pencalang Sutan Maharaja Alif, satu pencalang Maharajo Depang dan satu lagi pencalang untuk Sutan Maharajo Dirajo. Hari petang, malampun datang, dipanggil anak kesemuanya, diberi petunjuk-pengajaran sebagai ganti bekal merantau. Jatuh kepada Sutan Maharaja Alif menerima mahkota emas, Sutan Maharaja Depang menerima bekal berbentuk perkakas tukang, Sutan Maharajo Dirajo menerima kitab berisi undang. Ayam berkokok subuhpun tiba, hari pagi matahari terbit, berangkatlah anak ketiganya. Adapun Sutan Maharaja Alif tambonya ditutup, belum akan dibuka saat ini. Tentang Sutan Maharaja Depang kisah habis sampai di sini saja ! Sutan Maharaja Dirajo terus berlayar ke pulau Perca, berkawan dengan Syeh Soleh yang bergelar Cateri Bilang Pandai, orang cerdik bijak arif cendekia, anak orang hulu sungai Masia. Diperjalanan bertambah kawan yang seorang bergelar Harimau Campa, yang seorang lagi bergelar Kambing Hutan, yang ketiga bergelar Kucing Siam, yang seorang lagi parewa (preman) nan bergelar Anjing Mualim. Adapun Cateri Bilang (dikatakan)Pandai – orang pandai menorah(membabat)-menelakang, mahir menjarum-manjarumek, bisa mematri dengan air liur, pandai bersisir di dalam air – mampu memanah dalam kelam, kelam-temaram gila buta, bersilang saja anak panahnya, langsung kena di sasarannya – pandai membuat sambang loji nan(benteng yang) berpasak dari dalam – belum diraih sudah terbuka – langsung tiba di tujuannya. Neither did the Tigers Campa, brave people of India, the whole body hairy body – people are afraid to fight, when it hit like thunder, lightning fast foot tub – when hit the mountain, collapsing gunungpun – hit a rock, broke batupun – welcome to catch the clever, smart fan and took off – clever strive and berkiat, that jumps like a flash. If called Goat Forests, because betanduk in the head – hard running in the jungle, out of the field winding nan, know complicated headlands, rocky nan understand the headman, who will understand the roots wrapped around – berbenak in the big toe, have a king in the liver, bersutan in the eyes, hard allahurabbi careful – if the problem lies behind the count. Cats are studied Siampandai slipped on a piece of reed – take a do not miss – The lion sleep attitude, clever trick with twisted, if not stepping ripple, jump did not go off – supposedly hinged tongue, mouth like a sweet tengguli – if not scratched trace, it is poignant new light. Neither did the dog Mualim parewa (freeman), thugs who came from the Himalayas, red eyes like a saga, sharp teeth are venomous, hold breath, running fast. Clever lurking in the light, breathe in the muddy clever. Prior to succeed never give up, stabbing good live tracks, the trail was stabbed to death as well – a sharp nose like a knife – let the village was fenced, he had reached the inside. Begitu pula si Harimau Campa, orang berani dari India, badan berbulu sekujur tubuh – orang takut untuk melawan, bila memukul laksana guruh, cepat kaki bak petir – bila kena gunung, gunungpun runtuh – kena batu, batupun pecah – pandai menyambut dengan menangkap, pintar mengipas dan melepas – pandai bersilat serta berkiat, kalau melompat laksana kilat. Kalau disebut Kambing Hutan, karena betanduk di kepala – kencang berlari di dalam rimba, tahu di padang nan berliku, tahu di tanjung yang berbelit, mengerti di lurah nan berbatu, paham di akar yang akan melilit – berbenak di empu kaki, beraja di hati, bersutan di mata, keras hati allahurabbi – kalau masalah berhitung letak di belakang. Dikaji pula Kucing Siampandai menyuruk di ilalang sehelai – mengambil tidak kehilangan – sikap seperti Singa lelap, pandai menipu dengan menelikung, kalau melangkah tidak berdesir, melompat tidak berbunyi – konon lidahnya tidak berengsel, mulut manis bak tengguli – kalau menggaruk tidak berbekas, sudah pedih saja baru ketahuan. Begitu pula si Anjing Mualim parewa(freeman), preman yang datang dari Himalaya, mata merah bak saga, gigi tajam berbisa pula, nafas tahan, larinya kencang. Pandai mengintai di tempat terang, pandai bernafas di dalam bencah. Sebelum berhasil pantang menyerah, pandai menikam jejak tinggal, jejak ditikam mati juga – berhidung tajam bak sembilu – biar kampung sudah berpagar, dia sudah sampai di dalam. E Facts and interpretation: • Sijatajati gold crown-shaped horn society enshrined into tengkuluk (headgear) by women Minang. Sutan Sikandar Reni in the Qur’an called Alexander the king means having two horns or Alexander the Great, king of Macedonian Fakta dan interpretasi: • Mahkota emas Sijatajati yang berbentuk tanduk diabadikan masyarakat menjadi tengkuluk (tutup kepala) oleh kaum perempuan Minang. Sutan Sikandar Reni dalam al Qur’an disebut Iskandar Zulkarnain yang artinya raja yang mempunyai dua tanduk atau Cyrus the Great, king of Macedonia. In contrast to the Sutan Maharajo Alif (West), which give priority to power (the crown) and Maharaja Sutan Depang (East) to put the skills, then according to legend Maharaja Sutan Dirajo (Minang Kabau) are required to study the books and ethics. Further legend tells of Country that has not been named Minang Kabau this last hundred years has lived his whole Datuak Maharajo Dirajo Sutan or believed to be a demigod who was granted hundreds of years. After he died the government followed by Datuak Dirajo Suri, prince of his beliefs. One was a widow who holds a Datuak Maharajo Dirajo Puti Indo Julito, married by Cati Me Mine, a confidant of the deceased who then bring their children and their families Jatang Sutan Balun, Puti Jamilan, Sutan World Sakalap, Puti Reno’s and Mambang Sutan to Hamlet Tuo Limo The. Then, as they mature Datuak Suri Dirajo agree with Cati Me Mine to lift: Sutan Paduko with his tongue and Datuak Katumangguangan Sutan Jatang balun with a Datuak Perpatiah Sabatang Nan and Sutan Sakalap World with his nan Banego Datuak Surimarajo-negotiable as the prince of the powers that will help him. These decisions are agreed upon at the Nan Stone Tigo to drink water with a dagger Si Ganjo Erah oath of allegiance: Bakato bana (say right), babuek baiak (doing good), mahukum Adia (punish unfair), Bilo dilangga (if violated), ka Ateh indak bapucuak (not sprout upwards), under indak baurek ka (beruat not down), in- hands of hands of digiriak-beetle (in the middle of perforated beetles) or Telling the truth, doing good, punish the unjust. If violated (like a tree), the above does not sprout, not rooted to the bottom, in the midst of digirik beetles as well. Julito’s mother Puti Indo heirloom handed dagger and Siganjo Siganjo Erah Aia and Tungkek Janawi Haluih to Datuak Ketumangguangan. For Nan Parpatiah Datuak Sabatang accept keris Balangkuak plover Simundam Manti and Simundam Panuah and Payuang Kuniang Kabasaran (Minang first apply a legacy from the mother) Furthermore Istano Tuo Village continue its administrative leadership of the meghabiskan Datuak Suri Dirajo old age in Istano Koto Stone. Taking place at the top of the Rock Panta put together following the rules of the next government generated 22 rules consisting of four devices Customary Law. 4 of Act Nagari. 4 of Act Koto. 4 of Act LUHAK and Nagari. 4 Law Act. • Berbeda dengan dengan Sutan Maharajo Alif (Barat) yang mengutamakan kekuasaan (mahkota) dan Sutan Maharaja Depang (Timur) yang mendahulukan keterampilan, maka menurut tambo Sutan Maharaja Dirajo (Minang Kabau) dituntut untuk mempelajari buku dan etika. Selanjutnya tambo mengisahkan Negeri yang belum bernama Minang Kabau ini bertahan ratusan tahun sepanjang umurnya Sutan atau Datuak Maharajo Dirajo yang diyakini sebagai manusia setengah dewa yang dianugrahi umur ratusan tahun. Setelah beliau mangkat pemerintahan dilanjutkan oleh Datuak Suri Dirajo, penghulu kepercayaannya. Salah seorang janda Datuak Maharajo Dirajo yang bergelar Puti Indo Julito, dikawini oleh Cati Bilang Pandai, orang kepercayaan almarhum yang kemudian memboyong keluarga beserta anak-anaknya Jatang Sutan Balun, Puti Jamilan, Sutan Sakalap Dunia, Puti Reno Sudah dan Mambang Sutan ke Dusun Tuo Limo Kaum. Selanjutnya setelah mereka dewasa Datuak Suri Dirajo bermufakat bersama Cati Bilang Pandai untuk mengangkat: Sutan Paduko Basa dengan gelar Datuak Katumangguangan dan Jatang Sutan Balun dengan gelar Datuak Perpatiah Nan Sabatang serta Sutan Sakalap Dunia dengan gelar Datuak Surimarajo nan Banego-nego sebagai penghulu-penghulu yang akan membantu beliau. Keputusan ini dimufakati di atas Batu Nan Tigo dengan meminumkan air keris Si Ganjo Erah dengan sumpah setia: Bakato bana(berkata benar), babuek baiak(berbuat baik), mahukum adia(menghukum adil), bilo dilangga(bila dilanggar), ka ateh indak bapucuak(keatas tidak berpucuk), ka bawah indak baurek(kebawah tidak beruat), di-tangah-tangah digiriak kumbang (di tengah-tengah dilubangi kumbang)atau Berkata benar, berbuat baik, menghukum adil. Bila dilanggar (ibarat sebatang pohon), ke atas tidak berpucuk, ke bawah tidak berakar, di tengah-tengah digirik kumbang pula. Ibunda Puti Indo Julito menyerahkan pusaka keris Siganjo Erah dan Siganjo Aia serta Tungkek Janawi Haluih kepada Datuak Ketumangguangan. Untuk Datuak Parpatiah Nan Sabatang menerima keris Balangkuak Cerek Simundam Manti dan Simundam Panuah serta Payuang Kuniang Kabasaran (pertama Ranah Minang menerapkan warisan dari ibu) Selanjutnya Istano Dusun Tuo menjadi pusat pemerintahan melanjutkan kepemimpinan Datuak Suri Dirajo yang meghabiskan masa tua di Istano Koto Batu. Mengambil tempat di atas Batu Panta mulai disusun peraturan-peraturan pemerintahan yang selanjutnya dihasilkan 22 aturan yang terdiri dari 4 perangkat Undang-undang Adat. 4 Undang-undang Nagari. 4 Undang-undang Koto. 4 Undang-undang Luhak dan Nagari. 4 Undang-undang Hukum. After nan Act 22 was passed, in the hamlet of 4 Tribes with established Tuo Pangulu respectively are: • Interest Caniago led Datuak Sabatang. • Tribal House Tujuah(seven) Dt. Rajo Saie. • Tribe Tower Korong Dt. Sampono diamond and • Interest Sumagek by Dt. Rajo Bandaro. At that time also appointed two people Dubalang namely Sutan Congkong Tenggi and Sutan Hall Sijanguah all appointed under the pasumpahan Datuak Parpatiah Nan Sabatang Datuak Katumangguangan drink water while Kris Siganjo Aia. Not long after followed by the formation of 8 Tribes also equipped with pangulunya Pariangan areas are: Piliang tribe led by Nan Sinaro Datuak Bagabang. Koto Dt. Bases. Proto Dt. Bases. Banana Dt. Kayo Sikumbang Dt. Maruhun. Piliang Laweh Dt. Marajo Depang. Dalimo Dt. Suri Dirajo and Limo Long Dt. Tunaro. Then followed 5 Interest in Padang Panjang, namely: Kuantan tribe led by Amat Datuak Dirajo. Piliang Dt. Maharajo tongue. Dalimo Dt. Jo tongue. Piliang Laweh Dt. Indo Sajati. Dalimo length Dt. Maharajo Suri. Then followed six Guguak Tribes in the area are: Piliang tribe led by Rajo Datuak Mangkuto. Proto Dt. Tunbijo. Koto Dt. Tower. Dalimo Dt. Simarajo. Banana Dt. Cumano. Piliang Laweh Dt. Rajo Malano. Interest in the next 3 Sikaladi namely: Sikumbang tribe led by Datuak Tumbijo. Dalimo Dt. Barbangso Koto tribe Dt. Marajo. To 22 people Pangulu tribe is constituted by the Datuak Katumangguangan being pasumpahan to drink water Sampono Kris by Aia Ganjo Datuak Sabatang Parpatiah Nan. After the inauguration of the 22 Tribes, the Tribe commissioned Together Datuak Korong Stone Tower to maintain Panta. While Stone said Kasua Bunta tangguang Tujuah Home and Stone Tribal by Tribal Pacaturan Sumagek (the third historical stone is still preserved and can be seen in Hamlet Tuo Limo The Stone Cage). Although the establishment of Nan LUHAK Tigo has been underlined since the leadership Datuak Maharajo Dirajo dipuncak Merapi but the firmness of the boundaries do not exist, then both Datuak create firmness that marked with a stone split into 3 parts that are not broken dipangkalnya. This means LUHAK nan Tigo share, not a divorce but has not been followed by the division of interest (this stone can be seen in Hamlet Tuo The Limo). Held before the division of interest to LUHAK nan Tigo, Datuak Katumangguangan pounded the ground and make a nagari which later was named Sungai Tarab and put Puti Reno’s sister, along with 8 family and creating a Tribe 8, complete with the Tribe Piliang Pangulu under Datuak Rajo Pangkuto Sani, Piliang Laweh Dt. Indo Majo, Bendang Dt. Rajo Pangulu, Mandailiang Dt. Tamani, Bodi Dt. Sinaro, Bendang Dt. Simarajo, Piliang Dt. Rajo Nan Anam Malano and Tribes under Datuak Rajo Pangulu all of which are sworn in Kampuang Bendang. Then he pointed to his nephew, the son of Puti Reno’s, who holds Datuak Bandaro Putiah as Pangulu Pucuak. Performed by his own inauguration on the Rock 7 Tread with drinking water pasumpahan Kris Siganjo Aia (7 Tread Stone can be seen at the home of one resident in the River Tarab). Furthermore Datuak Ketumangguangan ordered Datuak Bandaro Putiah along Sungai Tarab 8 Pangulu other surrounding villages to be built 22 Koto Sungai Tarab as a fortress and fortifications. Among these 8 axes Radai Koto (Pati, Situmbuak, Selo, Sumaniak, Gunuang Medan and Padang Gutters Tangah Guguak Laweh). 2 Ikua Koto (Sijangek and Koto length). 2 Koto in kapalo (Koto Tuo and Pasia Laweh). 1 Koto at the peak (crest Koto Baru). 1 Koto as Katitiran in ujuang Tunjuak (Ampalu). Click to edit and see alternate translations Drag with shift key to reorder. Setelah Undang-undang nan 22 tersebut disahkan, di Dusun Tuo dibentuk 4 Suku dengan Pangulu masing-masing yaitu: • Suku Caniago dipimpin Datuak Sabatang. • Suku Tujuah Rumah Dt. Rajo Saie. • Suku Korong Gadang Dt. Intan Sampono dan • Suku Sumagek oleh Dt. Rajo Bandaro. Pada saat itu juga dilantik 2 orang Dubalang iaitu Sutan Congkong Tenggi dan Sutan Balai Sijanguah kesemuanya dilantik dibawah pasumpahan Datuak Parpatiah Nan Sabatang sedangkan Datuak Katumangguangan meminumkan Air Keris Siganjo Aia. Tidak berapa lama kemudian disusul pula pembentukan 8 Suku lengkap dengan pangulunya di daerah Pariangan yaitu: Suku Piliang dipimpin oleh Datuak Sinaro Nan Bagabang. Koto Dt. Basa. Malayu Dt. Basa. Pisang Dt. Kayo Sikumbang Dt. Maruhun. Piliang Laweh Dt. Marajo Depang. Dalimo Dt. Suri Dirajo dan Limo Panjang Dt. Tunaro. Kemudian disusul 5 Suku di Padang Panjang yaitu: Suku Kuantan dipimpin oleh Datuak Amat Dirajo. Piliang Dt. Maharajo Basa. Dalimo Dt. Jo Basa. Piliang Laweh Dt. Indo Sajati. Dalimo Panjang Dt. Maharajo Suri. Kemudian disusul 6 Suku di daerah Guguak yaitu: Suku Piliang dipimpin oleh Datuak Rajo Mangkuto. Malayu Dt. Tunbijo. Koto Dt. Gadang. Dalimo Dt. Simarajo. Pisang Dt. Cumano. Piliang Laweh Dt. Rajo Malano. Selanjutnya 3 Suku di daerah Sikaladi yaitu: Suku Sikumbang dipimpin oleh Datuak Tumbijo. Dalimo Dt. Barbangso Suku Koto Dt. Marajo. Ke 22 orang Pangulu Suku ini dilantik oleh oleh Datuak Katumangguangan sedang pasumpahan dengan meminumkan Air Keris Sampono Ganjo Aia oleh Datuak Parpatiah Nan Sabatang. Setelah peresmian Suku yang 22 ini, Datuak Berdua menugaskan Suku Korong Gadang untuk memelihara Batu Panta. Sedangkan Batu Kasua Bunta tangguang jawab Suku Tujuah Rumah dan Batu Pacaturan oleh Suku Sumagek (ketiga batu bersejarah ini sampai sekarang masih terawat dan dapat dilihat di Dusun Tuo Limo Kaum Batu Sangkar). Walaupun pembentukan Luhak Nan Tigo sudah digariskan sejak kepemimpinan Datuak Maharajo Dirajo dipuncak Merapi namun ketegasan batas-batas belum ada, maka kedua Datuak membuat ketegasan yang ditandai dengan mengeping sebuah batu menjadi 3 bagian yang tidak putus dipangkalnya. Hal ini bermakna Luhak nan Tigo berbagi, tidak bercerai namun belum diikuti dengan pembagian Suku (batu ini dapat dilihat di Dusun Tuo Limo Kaum). Sebelum diadakan pembagian Suku untuk Luhak nan Tigo, Datuak Katumangguangan memancang tanah dan membuat sebuah nagari yang kemudian diberi nama Sungai Tarab dan menempatkan adiknya Puti Reno Sudah, bersama 8 Keluarga sekaligus membentuk 8 Suku, lengkap dengan Pangulu yaitu Suku Piliang Sani dibawah Datuak Rajo Pangkuto, Piliang Laweh Dt. Majo Indo, Bendang Dt. Rajo Pangulu, Mandailiang Dt. Tamani, Bodi Dt. Sinaro, Bendang Dt. Simarajo, Piliang Dt. Rajo Malano dan Suku Nan Anam di bawah Datuak Rajo Pangulu yang kesemuanya dilantik di Kampuang Bendang. Selanjutnya beliau menunjuk kemenakannya, anak Puti Reno Sudah, yang bergelar Datuak Bandaro Putiah sebagai Pangulu Pucuak. Pelantikan dilakukan oleh beliau sendiri di atas Batu 7 Tapak dengan pasumpahan meminum Air Keris Siganjo Aia (Batu 7 Tapak ini bisa dilihat di rumah salah seorang penduduk di Sungai Tarab). Selanjutnya Datuak Ketumangguangan memerintahkan Datuak Bandaro Putiah bersama 8 Pangulu Sungai Tarab lainnya agar di sekeliling nagari Sungai Tarab dibangun 22 Koto sebagai benteng dan kubu pertahanan. Diantaranya 8 Koto Kapak Radai (Pati, Situmbuak, Selo, Sumaniak, Gunuang Medan, Talang tangah Guguak dan Padang Laweh). 2 Ikua Koto (Sijangek dan Koto Panjang). 2 Koto di kapalo (Koto Tuo dan Pasia Laweh). 1 Koto di puncak (Gombak Koto Baru). 1 Koto sebagai Katitiran di ujuang Tunjuak (Ampalu). Then along Datuak Parpatiah Nan Sabatang undergo LUHAK Agam by building Biaro with pangulu Pucuak Datuak Bandaro length. Baso under Datuak Bandaro Kuniang appointed and sworn faithfully to drink water in the hamlet Kris Siganjo Erah Tabek length. The next two Pangulu was commissioned to build villages-villages in LUHAK Agam. While in LUHAK 50 Koto datuak Situjuah both build villages, Marijuana Stone, Koto and Koto Nan Nan Tower is inaugurated Datuak Ampek and Rajo Nun and the subsequent Early Sadi Datuak commissioned to build villages in the LUHAK. After LUHAK Tigo dibari bapangulu nan, Nan Perpatiah Datuak Sabatang not want to miss the Datuak Katumangguangan. He expanded the area to the east to form a tribal hamlet Tuo with pangulunya among others in the Rock Hall Korong Napa River Tribe was formed under Datuak Basa, tuft Dt. Putiah. Under the expertise of both Datuak Ketumangguangan and Datuak Parpatiah Nan Sabatang customary governance systems become more sheen, until a few decades later arrival Adityawarman, a prince who wanted merobah Mojopahit a total system of customs administration in this country got a tough challenge from his tongue Datuak Ampek Hall (four markets ). Kemudian bersama Datuak Parpatiah Nan Sabatang menjalani Luhak Agam dengan membangun Biaro dengan pangulu Pucuak Datuak Bandaro Panjang. Baso di bawah Datuak Bandaro Kuniang yang dilantik dan disumpah setia dengan meminumkan Air Keris Siganjo Erah di dusun Tabek Panjang. Selanjutnya kedua Pangulu ini ditugaskan membangun nagari-nagari di Luhak Agam. Sedangkan di Luhak 50 Koto datuak berdua membangun nagari Situjuah, Batu Hampa, Koto Nan Gadang dan Koto Nan Ampek dan melantik Datuak Rajo Nun dan Datuak Sadi Awal yang selanjutnya ditugaskan membangun nagari di Luhak tersebut. Setelah Luhak nan Tigo dibari bapangulu, Datuak Perpatiah Nan Sabatang tidak mau ketinggalan dengan Datuak Katumangguangan. Beliau meluaskan daerah ke arah timur Dusun Tuo dengan membentuk suku dengan pangulunya antara lain di Korong Balai Batu dibentuk Suku Sungai Napa di bawah Datuak Basa, Jambak Dt. Putiah. Dibawah kepiawaian kedua Datuak Ketumangguangan dan Datuak Parpatiah Nan Sabatang sistem pemerintahan adat menjadi semakin kemilau, hingga beberapa dekade kemudian kedatangan Adityawarman, seorang Pangeran Mojopahit yang ingin merobah secara total sistem pemerintahan adat di negeri ini mendapat tantangan keras dari para Datuak Basa Ampek Balai(empat pasar). The presence of Mojopahit statesman is not no bright side, even some traditional government leaders and Bodi Kelarasan Koto Piliang Caniago opportunity comes in the palace with Adityawarman Mojopahit goodwill visit to mainland China’s imperial court. Even if the pattern of government ala Mojopahit ever want to be forced in the realm of Minang but did not last long. After Adityawarman killed in an incident, customary governance systems to be reapplied as it says “LUHAK dibari Bapangulu” and the system is the adoption by Kelarasan Koto Piliang, especially for areas outside LUHAK nan Tigo as Overseas Minang Kabau, as mentioned “Overseas Dibari Barajo “. Minang Kabau according Barih Balabeh Tambo Indigenous Minang Kabau Formerly Minang Kabau has no positive law, only law of the jungle “Who’s Who Malanda Strong, who high who manimpa” then by two wise men and the Datuak Katumanggungan Datuak Parpatiah nan Sabatang create a device Customary Law / Tribe in order to obtain peace in the villages where “nan weakly protected and justice for all children villages. So you can easily watch was made for the size of a good or bad actions and deeds “In ukua jo jangko, dibari balabeh, dicupak jo bushels, dibungka naraco jo, jo disuri banang”. (Measured with the term, given belebih, in the measuring life a place to cook rice, was measured by balance weights, embroidered with thread) Excerpted and translated from the converted text has been published by Arman Bahar Piliang Malin Bandaro Kehadiran negarawan Mojopahit ini bukan tidak ada segi positifnya, bahkan beberapa pimpinan pemerintahan adat Kelarasan Koto Piliang dan Bodi Caniago berkesempatan bersama Adityawarman hadir di istana Mojopahit melakukan kunjungan muhibah ke istana kaisar didaratan Cina. Kalaupun corak pemerintahan ala Mojopahit pernah ingin dipaksakan di ranah Minang namun tidak bertahan lama. Setelah Adityawarman tewas dalam suatu insiden, sistem pemerintahan adat diterapkan kembali sebagaimana dikatakan “Luhak dibari Bapangulu” dan sistem ini adopsi oleh Kelarasan Koto Piliang, terutama untuk daerah-daerah di luar Luhak nan Tigo sebagai Rantau Minang Kabau, seperti yang disebutkan “Rantau Dibari Barajo”. Minang Kabau menurut Barih Balabeh Tambo Adat Minang Kabau Dahulu Minang Kabau tidak memiliki hukum positif, yang ada hanya hukum rimba “Siapa Kuat Siapa malanda, siapa tinggi siapa manimpa” kemudian oleh dua orang bijak yaitu Datuak Katumanggungan dan Datuak Parpatiah nan Sabatang membuat sebuah perangkat Hukum Adat/Suku agar diperoleh Perdamaian dalam nagari dimana “nan lemah dilindungi dan keadilan bagi semua anak nagari. Agar mudah mengawasinya dibuatlah ukuran untuk baik atau buruk suatu tindakan dan perbuatan “Di ukua jo jangko, dibari balabeh, dicupak jo gantang, dibungka jo naraco, disuri jo banang”.(Diukur dengan jangka, diberi belebih, di ukur pakai tempat masak nasi, diukur dengan neraca timbangan, disulam dengan benang) Dikutip dan dialih bahasakan dari naskah yang telah dipublikasikan oleh Arman Bahar Piliang Malin Bandaro originl Tambo alam minagkabau in Minangkabau dialek languge sajak dari aso, na aso Allah duo bumi tigo hari nan satu ampek aie sumbayang limo pintu razaki anam budak dikanduang bundonyo tujuah pangkek manusia salapan pangkek sarugo sambilan pangkek Muhammaik kasapuluah Muhammaik jadi, sinan bakato tuhan kito Kun katonyo Allah Fayakun kato Muhammaik Nabikun kato Jibraie yaa Ibrahi kato bumi jo langik Kibrakum kato Adam, Jadi sagalo pekerjaan, apo bana nan tajadi, sajak dari Luah dengan Qalam sampai ka Arasy jo Kurisyi wago sarugo jo narako walo nak bulan jo matohari walau ndak langik dengan bumi samuik sameto sakalipun takanduang dalam wahdaniah tuhan, adolah limo parakaro, maanyo nan limo parkaro, tanah baki, tanah baku, tanah hitam tanah merah jo tanah putiah, tanah ditampo dek Jibraie dibaok mangirok kahadiraik tuhan talempa kahateh meja, disinan bijo mangko kababatang sinannyo kapeh kamanjadi banang disitu langik kamarenjeang naiak disitu bumi kamahantam turun disinan ketek mangko kabanamo disinan gadang mangko kabagala disinan Adam nan batamponyo iyo kapanunggu isi duya. Dek lamo bakalamoan dekasa baasa juo dek bukik tumbuakan kabuik dek lauik ampang muaro abih taun baganti taun mangko malahiekanlah ibu manusia Siti Hawa sabanyak 39 urang, mako dikawinkan dari saorang kasaorang dari nan surang ka nan surang nan bunsu indak bajodoh mangko banazalah nabi Adam katiko itu Ya Allah ya rabbil alamin perkenankanlah aku dengan anak cucu aku kasadonyo kandak sadang kabuliah pintak sadang kabalaku mukasuik sadang disampai kan tuhan. Bafirman tuhan ka Jibraie, hai malaikaik jibraie mangirok engkau kasarugo nan salapan, kabakan ka anak puti bidodari nan banamo Puti Dewanghari anak dek Puti Andarasan bahaso inyo kadiambiak istri dek Sutan Rajo Alam diateh duya, mako mangiriok lah Jibraie kasarugo nan salapan kamangabakan ka Puti Dewanghari bahaso inyo ka dijadikan istri dek Sutan Rajo Alam diateh duya, mako mamandang lah Puti Dewanghari kaateh duya nampaklah anak Adam diateh alam Sigumawang antaro huwa dengan hiya dikanduang Abun jo Makbun wallahualam gadangnyo hati. Mako dikumpuekanlah alat perhiasan kasadonyo, apo alat perhiasan nan dibaok, iyolah payuang panji kuniang payuang bahapik timba baliak lengkap sarato jo marawa kuniang cando kajajakan bertatah intan dengan podi buatan urang disarugo, mako batamulah urang tu dipuncak bukit Qaf.lalu dinikahkan dek kali Rambun Azali dipangka Titian Tujuah dibawah Mejan nan kiramaik dibaka kumayan putiah asok manjulang kaudaro takajuik sakalian malaikaik tacengang sagalo saluruah Bidodari manyemba kilek ateh langik bagaga patuih diateh duya tarang bandarang cahayonyo lapeh kalangik nan katujuah tahantak kahadiraik tuhan sabagai sasi pernikahannyo. Dek lamo bakalamoan abih bulan baganti bulan abih taun baganti taun, salah saurang anak cucu baliau nan bagala Sutan Sikandarareni nan manjadi rajo kuaso sadaulat dunia mampunyoi katurunan nan partamo Sutan Maharajo Alif kaduo Sutan Maharajo Depang katigo Sutan Maharajo Dirajo, Sutan Maha Rajo Alif mamarentah Banuruhum, Sutan Maharajo Depang mamarentah dinagari Cino sadangkan Sutan Maharajo Dirajo lapeh kapulau Paco mamarentah di Pariangan Padang Panjang dipuncak gunuang Marapi mambagi nagari manjadi tigo luhak partamo Luhak Tuo Tanah Data kaduo Luhak Agam nan bongsu Luhak Limo Puluah. Perjalanan Sutan Maharajo Dirajo Adaopun Syekh Sikandareni rajo alam nan arih bijaksano, mancaliak anak lah mulai gadang lah masak alemu jo pangaja timbue pikiran dalam dado timbualah niaik didalam hati nak manyuruah anak pai marantau mancari alimu jo pangalaman, mako tapikialah maso itu joa anak nak kadilapeh balie dilauik basa, nampaklah sabatang kayu gadang tumbuah dihulu batang Masie banamo kayu Sajatalobi, daun rimbun rantiangnyo banyak batang panjang luruih pulo, tabik pangana andak manabangnyo kadibuek pincalang tigo buah untuak palapeh anak pai marantau. Mako dikumpuekanlah sagalo cadiak pandai ditanah Arab dibaok kapak jo baliuang panabang kayu nantun, lah banyak urang nan manabang lah tujuah baliuang sumbiang lah tigo puluah kapak nan patah kayu nan indak kunjuang rabah, apolah sabab karanonyo rukun saraik alun tabaokkan, datanglah urang cadiak pandai sarato jo urang arih bijaksano maagiah pitunjuak jo pangaja, mako dikumpuakanlah urang katiko itu, didabiah kibasy sarato unto dibaka kumayan putiah asok manjulang kaudaro, urang mandoa kasadonyo. Mamintaklah Sutan Sikandareni katiko itu ya Allah ya rabbil alamin perkenankanlah aku manabang batang kayu Sajatalobi untuak mengharungi lauik basa, kandak sadang kabuliah pintak kabalaku, baguncanglah hulu batang Masie gampolah hari tujuah hari tujuah malam sahinggonyo rabahlah batang kayu nantun, mako datanglah urang nan baalimu maambiak daun jo batangnyo, daun diramu manjadi dawaik kulik diolah jadi karateh kapanulih Quran tigopuluah juih untuak mangaji dek umaik nan banyak, kulik batangnyo diolah manjadi kain untuak sumbayang panyambah Allah dengan rasul. Lah rabah kayu Sajataboli, batangnyo dikarek tigo kapambuek pincalang tigo buah, sabuah kapincalang Sutan Maharajo Alif nan cieklai untuak Sutan Maharajo Depang ciek pulo untuak Sutan Maharajo Dirajo, hari patang malampun tibo dipanggie anak kasadonyo diagiah pitujuak jo pangaja sarato baka pai marantau. Tantangan Sutan Majo Alih diagiah baka Mangkuto Ameh Sijatajati, sadangkan Sutan Majo Depang diagiah baka pakakeh tukang, adopun Sutan Maharajodirajo dibakali kitab barisi undang didalamnyo. Ayam bakukuak subuah pun tibo pagi datang matohari tabik, barangkeklah anak katigonyo marantau kakampuang urang. Adopun tantang Sutan Maharajo Alif tambonyo ditutuik samantaro, sadangkan Sutan Maharajo Depang carito dihantikan sampai disiko, salorong pado Sutan Maharajo Dirajo taruih balaie ka Pulau Andaleh nangko, sabalun Sutan Maharajo Dirajo pai mahadang silauik lapeh mandapek kawan nan banamo Syekh Shole nan bagala Cati Bilang Pandai urang nan cadiak candokio sarato arih bijaksano barasa dari hulu sungai Masie, dalam pajalanan singgahlah Sutan di tanah Parsi, Himalaya, India, Campo jo Siam, mandapek pulo kawan nan diangkek manjadi kapalo dubalang, nan surang bagala Harimau Campo nan kaduo Kambiang Hutan nan katigo Kuciang Siam ampek bilangan jo Parewa nan bagala Anjiang Mualim. Adopun Cati bilang pandai, pandai manarah manalakang pandai manjarum manjarumek pandai mamati jo aie liua pandai manyisia dalam aie pandai manembak dalam kalam, kalam kapiek gilo buto, basilang sajo palurunyo lah kanai sajo disasarannyo, pandai mambuek sambang loji pakai pasak datang dari dalam alun diraiah lah tabukak lah tibo sajo dijangkonyo, baitu pulo si Harimau Campo, urang bagak dari India, badan babulu kasadonyo, urang takuik malawannyo makan tangannyo bak cando guruah, capek kakinyo bak cando patuih tibo digunuang gunuang runtuah tibo dibatu batu tambuih pandai manyambuik jo manangkok bisa mangipeh jo malapeh pandai basilek jo balabek jikok malompek bak cando kilek, kok disabuik tantang si Kambiang Hutan, bak batanduak dikapalonyo pandai balari ditangah rimbo tau di padang nan baliku tantu jo tanjuang nan babalik tau jo lurah nan babatu tau jo aka nan kamambalik, babanak ka ampu kaki, barajo di hati basutan di mato kareh hati Allahurabi,kok pakaro hetong di balakang, Dikaji pulo tantang si Kuciang Siam, kok manyuruak dihilalang sahalai, maambiak indak kahilangan, bantuak bak cando singo lalok, santiang manipu jo manepong, kok malangkah indak balasia, malompek indak babuni, kunun lidahnyo indak baense, muluik manih bak tangguli kok manggauik indak mangasan, lah padiah sajo mangko ka tau, baitu pulo tantang si Anjiang Mualim, Parewa nan datang dari Himalaya, mato sirah bak cando sago gigi tajam babiso pulo, angoknyo tahan larinyo kancang, pandai maintai di nan tarang pandai mahangok dalam boncah, sabalun sampai pantang manyarah, pandai manikam jajak tingga, jajak ditikam mati juo, bahiduang tajam bak sambilu, bia kampuang lah papaga, inyo lah dulu sampai didalam. Catatan: • Mangkuto Ameh Sijatajati yang berbentuk tanduk diabadikan masyarakat menjadi tudung kepala kaum Bundo Kanduang di Ranah Minang. • Sutan Sikandar Reni dalam al Qur’an disebut Raja Iskandar Zulkarnain yang artinya Raja yang mempunyai dua tanduk atau cyrus The Great King penyatu empayer kuno parsi Mudah2an sejarah Urang Minang diatas ado gunonyo, ambiak sajo sado nan paralu, dih Adopun warih nan bajawek pusako nan batarimo umanaik nan bapakai dari rang tuo dahulunyo, nan sabarih bapantang hilang satapak bapantang lupo, kok hilang nan sabarih ka guru cubo tanyokan kok lupo nan satapak cari tunggue panabangan nyo. Adopun warih nan Bajawek, pituah dek guru mangaji sajak dari Alif, pituah dek mamak babilang Untuk melihat Information Lengkap silahkan klik sumber data https://makmureffendi.wordpress.com/tag/adat-minangkabau/ minangkabau coin 183 with sunfolewr pantjar matohari
          La ballerina sarzanese Melinda Rodosti convocata per i mondiali di Hip Hop      Cache   Translate Page      
Per il settimo anno consecutivo la ballerina sarzanese Melinda Rodosti farà parte della squadra azzurra che parteciperà ai campionati del mondo di Hip Hop. La convocazione è arrivate per il prossimo 8 novembre per la competizione che si terrà in Macedonia. Una grande soddisfazione per l'ideatrice della scuola di danza M.D.C. aperta da poco più di un anno e sempre aperta nella…
          Konitsa, Epirus - Greece      Cache   Translate Page      
Κόνιτσα η όμορφη πόλη της Ηπείρου
Konitsa town of Epirus, Greece is located northeast of a group of villages known as the Zagorochoria.
Η Κόνιτσα είναι μια πόλη στην Ήπειρο, βορειοανατολικά από μια ομάδα χωριών γνωστών ως Ζαγοροχώρια.

This beautiful borderline town spreads up the green slopes of Mt. Trapezitsa (elevation: 600m.).
Η όμορφη ακριτική κωμόπολη, είναι χτισμένη αμφιθεατρικά στην κατάφυτη πλαγιά του όρους Τραπεζίτσα (υψόμετρο 600 μ.).
The gem of the area is the famous stone bridge of Konitsa, the tallest single-land bridge of the Balkans, built in 1870. The bridge is at the entrance of the town, where one can admire the Aoos river.
Το στολίδι της περιοχής είναι το ξακουστό πετρόχτιστο Γεφύρι της Κόνιτσας, το ψηλότερο μονότοτοξο γεφύρι των Βαλκανίων, χτισμένο το 1870. Το γεφύρι βρίσκεται στην είσοδο της κωμόπολης, όπου μπορεί κανείς να θαυμάσει και τον ποταμό Αώο.
Konitsa is undoubtedly one the most beautiful border areas not only in Epirus but in Greece on the whole.
Η Κόνιτσα είναι αναμφισβήτητα μία από τις ομορφότερες παραμεθόριες περιοχές, όχι μόνο στην Ήπειρο αλλά και στην Ελλάδα συνολικά.
Aoos River that flows on the right side of the city and puts its own indelible mark in the area completes the scenery.
Ο ποταμός Αώος που ρέει στη δεξιά πλευρά της πόλης και βάζει το δικό του ανεξίτηλο σημάδι στην περιοχή συμπληρώνει το τοπίο.
It is unspoiled, has elegant stone buildings, little cobbled alleyways and a tremendous view over the valley.
Είναι παρθένα, διαθέτει κομψά πέτρινα κτίρια, λιθόστρωτα σοκάκια και μια καταπληκτική θέα στην κοιλάδα.
It is a popular starting point for tourists and hikers who want to explore the Pindos mountains, or who want to go rafting in the river Aoos or parapenting.
Είναι ένα δημοφιλές σημείο εκκίνησης για τουρίστες και πεζοπόρους που θέλουν να εξερευνήσουν τα βουνά της Πίνδου ή που θέλουν να κάνουν ράφτινγκ στον ποταμό Αώο.
Gregoris Maliotis trying to take some pretty good photos.
Ο Γρηγόρης Μαλιώτης προσπαθεί, να βγάλει μερικές καλές φωτογραφίες.
Among the sights you should visit besides the famous bridge, is the house of Hakkus, the house of Ali Pasha’s mother, the house of St. Paisios, the Stomi monastery with the excellent view of the Aoos gorge and other.
Ανάμεσα στα αξιοθέατα που πρέπει κανείς να επισκεφτεί εκτός από το διάσημο γεφύρι, είναι το σπίτι της Χάμκως, της μάνας του Αλή πασά, το σπίτι του Αγίου Παϊσίου, τη μονή Στομίου με την εξαιρετική θέα στη χαράδρα του Αώου κ.ά.
Walking on the ascending narrow stone streets of Konitsa is alone an unforgettable experience for Popi Nicolaides, Lygia & Gregoris Maliotis.
Η περιπλάνηση στα ανηφορικά καλντερίμια της Κόνιτσας αποτελεί από μόνη της αξέχαστη εμπειρία για την Πόπη Νικολαΐδου, Λυγία & Γρηγόρη Μαλιώτη.
Konitsa is said to have taken its name from the horses, since its name root originates from the Slavic word "koni", meaning "horse".
Η Κόνιτσα λέγεται ότι πήρε το όνομα της από τα άλογα, «αλογότοπος», καθώς η ρίζα της προέρχεται από τη σλαβική ονομασία «κόνι», που σημαίνει «άλογο».

The town was built amphitheatrically-shaped on a mountain slope of the Pindos mountain range from where it overlooks the valley where the river Aoos meets the river Voidomatis.
Η πόλη χτίστηκε αμφιθεατρικά σε μια βουνοπλαγιά της οροσειράς της Πίνδου από όπου έχει θέα στην κοιλάδα, όπου συναντά τον ποταμό Αώο και τον ποταμό Βοϊδομάτη.
Konitsa acts as a regional hub for several small villages of Pindos, and features many shops, schools and a general hospital.
Η Κόνιτσα λειτουργεί ως περιφερειακός κόμβος για πολλά μικρά χωριά της Πίνδου και διαθέτει πολλά καταστήματα, σχολεία και ένα γενικό νοσοκομείο.
The slab-paved square and the traditional tavernas are the right places for you to rest and also taste local dishes.
Η πλακόστρωτη πλατεία με τα παραδοσιακά ταβερνάκια προσφέρεται για ξεκούραση, αλλά και γνωριμία με την τοπική γαστρονομία.
The most impressive part is the Upper (Old) town and its eye-catching stately houses, the stone built churches and the unobstructed view of the plain that stretches at its foot.
Τις εντυπώσεις κερδίζει η Άνω (παλιά) πόλη με τα εντυπωσιακά αρχοντικά, τις πετρόχτιστες εκκλησιές και την απεριόριστη θέα της πεδιάδας που απλώνεται στα πόδια της.
The town of Konitsa is a well-known destination for lovers of extreme activities and sports and many call it "Kayak City".
Η κωμόπολη της Κόνιτσας είναι ιδιαίτερα φημισμένος προορισμός για τους λάτρεις των εξτρίμ σπορ. Πολλοί την χαρακτηρίζουν ως «πόλη του καγιάκ».
It is a town of about 4000 inhabitants, who are mostly engaged in agriculture, livestock farming and tourim.
Είναι μια κωμόπολη 4000 κατοίκων περίπου, οι οποίοι στην πλειοψηφία τους ασχολούνται με τη γεωργία, την κτηνοτροφία και τον τουρισμό.

Konitsa is built according to the traditional style of Epirotic architecture, and is surrounded by impressive nature. 
Η Κόνιτσα χτίστηκε σύμφωνα με το παραδοσιακό στυλ της Ηπειρωτικής αρχιτεκτονικής και περιστοιχίζεται από εντυπωσιακή φύση.
Lygia & Gregoris Maliotis, Popi Nicolaides in Konitsa which is considered by many as one of the most beautiful places in Epirus.
Η Λυγία & Γρηγόρης Μαλιώτης, Πόπη Νικολαΐδου, στην Κόνιτσα η οποία θεωρείται από πολλούς ως ένα από τα ομορφότερα μέρη της Ηπείρου.
Saint Paisios of Mount Athos, born Arsenios Eznepidis (1924–1994), was a well-known Greek Eastern Orthodox ascetic from Mount Athos, who originated from Pharasa, Cappadocia.
Ο ‘Αγιος Παΐσιος ο Αγιορείτης, κατά κόσμον Αρσένιος Εζνεπίδης (1924-1994), ήταν ένας γνωστός ορθόδοξος ασκητής του Αγίου Όρους, ο οποίος γεννήθηκε στα Φάρασα της Καππαδοκίας.
He was respected for his spiritual guidance and ascetic life and many people worldwide highly venerate Elder Paisios, especially in Greece and in Russia.
Ήταν σεβαστός για την πνευματική καθοδήγηση και την ασκητική του ζωή και πολλοί άνθρωποι από όλο τον κόσμο σέβονται ιδιαίτερα τον γέροντα Παΐσιο, ειδικά στην Ελλάδα και στη Ρωσία.
Gregoris Maliotis at the entrance of the house of ELder Paisios.
Ο Γρηγόρης Μαλιώτης στην είσοδο της οικίας του Γέροντα Παΐσιου.
The courtyard of the house where Elder Paisios grew up, along with his parents and his eight siblings.
Η αυλή του σπιτιού όπου μεγάλωσε ο Γέροντας Παΐσιος, μαζί με τους γονείς του και τα οκτώ αδέρφια του.
The house has turned into a museum and dozens of people visit it all year round. Phivos Nicolaides entering the house.
Το σπίτι έχει μετατραπεί σε μουσείο και δεκάδες κόσμου το επισκέπτονται ολόχρονα. Ο Φοίβος Νικολαΐδης εισέρχεται στο σπίτι.
Elder Paisios of the Holy Mountain was canonized by the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate on January 13, 2015.
Το 2015 συνήλθε η Αγία και Ιερά Σύνοδος του Οικουμενικού Πατριαρχείου και αποφάσισε την κατάταξη του μοναχού Παϊσίου του Αγιορείτου στο Αγιολόγιο της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας.
His nephew, son of his brother Raphael, Christos Eznepides, guides us to the house.
Ο ανιψιός του, γιος του αδερφού του Ραφάηλ, Χρήστος Εζνεπίδης, μας ξεναγεί στους χώρους του σπιτιού.
St. Paisios was canonized on January 13, 2015 by the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, and added to the calendar of the Russian Orthodox Church on May 5, 2015.
Το 2015 συνήλθε η Αγία και Ιερά Σύνοδος του Οικουμενικού Πατριαρχείου και αποφάσισε την κατάταξη του μοναχού Παϊσίου του Αγιορείτου στο Αγιολόγιο της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας και προστέθηκε στο ημερολόγιο της Ρωσικής Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας στις 5 Μαΐου 2015.
Books, magazines and other personal items of Elder Paisios of the Holy Mountain, in his house.
Βιβλία, περιοδικά και άλλα προσωπικά αντικείμενα του Γέροντα Παΐσιου τoυ Αγιορείτη που εκτίθενται στο σπίτι του.
St. Paisios, the great elder of the 20th century, loved and venerated throughout the entire Orthodox world, was 
Ο Άγιος Παΐσιος, ο μεγάλος πρεσβύτερος του 20ού αιώνα, αγαπημένος και σεβάσμιος σε ολόκληρο τον ορθόδοξο κόσμο.
In this small house with a hallway, a living room and a room grew up with the whole family.
Στο μικρό αυτό σπίτι με ένα χωλ, ένα καθιστικό κι ένα δωμάτιο μεγάλωσε μαζί με όλη του την οικογένεια.
A family photo (His parents) adorns the wall. 
Μια οικογενειακή φωτογραφία (οι γονείς του) κοσμεί τον τοίχο.
He entered military service on April 20, 1948 at 23 years of age and served as a radio operator.
Ξεκίνησε τη στρατιωτική θητεία στις 20 Απριλίου 1948 σε ηλικία 23 ετών και υπηρέτησε ως ασυρματιστής.
In 2017, the Holy Synod of the Greek Orthodox Church, proclaimed St. Paisios, the patron saint of military communications regiments, as he himself had served in that capacity in the Greek army.
Το 2017 με απόφαση της Ιεράς Συνόδου της Εκκλησίας της Ελλάδος Ο Άγιος Παΐσιος ανακηρύχθηκε προστάτης άγιος του σώματος των Διαβιβάσεων του ελληνικού στρατού, όπως ο ίδιος είχε υπηρετήσει με αυτή την ιδιότητα στον ελληνικό στρατό.
Christos Eznepides, guides us to the house and explains to Gregoris Maliotis the story behind this house. The framed shirt of Elder Paisios on the wall.
Ο Χρήστος Εζνεπίδης, μας ξεναγεί στους χώρους του σπιτιού και εξηγεί στον Γρηγόρη Μαλιώτη την ιστορία της οικίας. Στον τοίχο καδρομένη η φανέλλα του Γέροντα Παΐσιου.

With Bartholomeos A' the 270th and current Archbishop of Constantinople and Ecumenical Patriarch.
Με τον Βαρθολομαίος Α' τον 270ος και σημερινό Αρχιεπίσκοπο της Κωνσταντινούπολης και Οικουμενικό Πατριάρχη.
A number of geopolitical prophecies have been credited to Elder Paisios. These include the prediction that a war between Turkey and Russia will lead to the restoration of a Greater Greece, including Albania, Macedonia, and Byzantium (Istanbul), and the conversion of a part of the Turks from Islam to Orthodox Christianity.
Ένας αριθμός γεωπολιτικών προφητειών έχει πιστωθεί στον γέροντα Παΐσιο. Αυτές περιλαμβάνουν την προφητεία ότι ένας πόλεμος μεταξύ Τουρκίας και Ρωσίας θα οδηγήσει σε αποκατάσταση της Μεγάλης Ελλάδας, συμπεριλαμβανομένης της Αλβανίας, της Μακεδονίας και του Βυζαντίου (Κωνσταντινούπολη), και της αλλαγής θρησκεύματος μέρους των Τούρκων από το Ισλάμ στον Ορθόδοξο Χριστιανισμό.

The saint Paisios' prophecies were published in 1990 -when the saint was still alive- in his book, "Words of Wisdom and Grace of the Elder Paisios the Hagioreite.
Οι προφητείες του αγίου Παϊσίου δημοσιεύθηκαν το 1990 -όταν ο άγιος ήταν ακόμα ζωντανός- στο βιβλίο του «Λόγια Σοφίας και Χάριτος».




          Offer - Lottery money jackpot ((How to join the illuminati society drmamasuzzan +27782842465 - FINLAND      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Macedonia and NATO: the Implications for the Future      Cache   Translate Page      
The area and the identity of Macedonia has been a contested terrain for many decades. Leaving aside references to antiquity, its modern form has its roots in the birth of national states in the Balkans in the beginning of the 20th century with the protracted collapse of the Ottoman empire. During the latter’s rule the area More
          Irak empieza a conocer a su DT      Cache   Translate Page      

Mientras que la Selección Argentina espera que terminen de llegar los convocados, Irak tiene a su plantel completo en Arabia Saudita. Sí, los dirigidos por el esloveno Srecko Katanec llegaron en la noche del lunes al país donde se medirán ambas selecciones el próximo jueves con los 23 convocados en la ciudad de Riyadh y empezaron a ultimar los detalles para el cruce en el Prince Faisal bin Fahd Stadium.

Mirá también: De ser tratado como "terrorista" a figura de Irak

Irak ya se entrena en Arabia Saudita.

Irak ya se entrena en Arabia Saudita.

Mirá también: "No me entra en la cabeza que alguien no quiera ir a la Selección"

Los asiáticos ya se habían visto las caras en Bagdad, la capital iraquí, donde realizaron su primer entrenamiento. Lo curioso es que cuando arribaron a Arabia, se realizó una reunión formal en donde muchos de los jugadores escucharon por primera vez al recién contratado entrenador (asumió oficialmente el 4 de septiembre)

Mirá también: Va llegando más gente al baile

Katanec es un técnico experimentado a nivel selecciones, al punto que arrancó su carrera en los bancos de suplentes con la Sub 21 de Eslovenia en 1996. Luego pasó al ND Gorica, hasta que se hizo cargo de la Mayor de su país y lo dirigió en el Mundial de Corea/Japón 2002 (quedó eliminado en primera ronda). ¿Sus siguientes pasos? Olympiacos, Macedonia, Emiratos Árabes Unidos y nuevamente Eslovenia.

Mirá también: Otamendi ya está en Arabia

Los jugadores de Irak se reunieron por primera vez con su entrenador.

Los jugadores de Irak se reunieron por primera vez con su entrenador.

Mirá también: El día que Irak le ganó a Argentina en Arabia

Mirá también: Scaloni tiene dos equipos

Mirá también: ¿Quién es Mohanad Ali, la joya de Irak?


          MALAGOUSIA      Cache   Translate Page      
Variedad de uva blanca. Se cultiva en Macedonia y otras regiones griegas. Es vigorosa y produc ...
          Το παιχνίδι της ενέργειας      Cache   Translate Page      

Αφορμή για αυτό ένα ενδιαφέρον άρθρο της Al Hayatπου παρουσιάζει σοβαρές στρεβλώσεις για την συμφωνία του Sochi η οποία αφορά την εκεχειρία στο Idlib μεταξύ Τουρκίας, Ρωσίας, Συριακών δυνάμεων του Άσσαντ και αντικαθεστωτικούς.

Σύμφωνα πάντα με το άρθρο, η συμφωνία είναι δύσκολο να ευδοκιμήσει, καθώς πολλές παραμέτροι και εχέγγυα που έχουν δοθεί, ειδικά όσον αφορά την ασφαλή ζώνη πτήσεων, δεν παρουσιάζουν λογική συνέχεια καθώς απαιτείται η εκκένωση μεγάλης έκτασης εδαφών από πλευρές της Συριακής δύναμης, ενώ οι Τούρκοι απαιτούν να υπάρξει εγκαθίδρυση βάσεων στην περιοχή που θα λειτουργούν για την Τουρκία ως φάρος επίβλεψης κατά του Άσσαντ.

Όμως, όπως φαίνεται η Ρωσία δεν έχει δεχτεί ποτέ κάτι τέτοιο ενώ παράλληλα έχει αποτυπώσει με ευκρινή τρόπο ότι στην περιοχή του Idlib δεν θέλει καμία παρέμβαση από τρίτες δυνάμεις, όποιες και αν είναι αυτές. Μάλιστα έδειξε μεγάλη αντίδραση στην πρόσφατη συνάντηση του Ερντογάν με την Μέρκελ και τον Μακρόν όπου συζητήθηκε το μέλλον της Συριακής περιοχής που σήμερα βρίσκεται σε φάση «απελευθέρωσης & αναδόμησης».

Το μόνο σίγουρο μέχρι στιγμής, όπως φαίνεται τουλάχιστον, είναι πώς οι ΗΠΑ έχουν απομακρυνθεί εσκεμμένα από την περιοχή, ενώ επί της ουσίας δεν έχει υπάρξει κατάληξη στο ζήτημα της Συριακής επαναφοράς στην ομαλότητα. Μάλλον απέχει πολύ ακόμα, ειδικά όσο η Τουρκία επιζητεί ρόλο επικυρίαρχου στην περιοχή με φανερό σκοπό την επιρροή και έλεγχο σε ενεργειακά ζητήματα (σ.σ. η Συρία αποτελεί χώρα με σημαντικά σημεία αναφοράς πάνω σε ενεργειακές οδούς προς την Δύση).

Παράλληλα, η ένταση φαίνεται πώς έχει μεταφερθεί στην περιοχή του ΝΑ Αιγαίου καθώς η ανάπτυξη των Κυπριακών κοιτασμάτων έχει προκαλέσει τις αντιδράσεις της Τουρκίας, όπου με δηλώσεις του ο Ερντογάν απειλεί ευθέως πλέον, αφού επαναλαμβάνει μια φράση του Ετσεβίτ της δεκαετίας του 1970, αναφερόμενος στην Τουρκία ως «προστάτη των αδύναμων Μουσουλμάνων στο Αιγαίο». Μια ένταση που είναι εμφανές πώς δεν αγγίζει μόνο την Κύπρο αλλά και την Ελλάδα, μιας και το Αιγαίο έχει μετατραπεί σε λίμνη ενέργειας με βάση τα σημερινά δεδομένα (πηγή: Ηandelsblatt) και η κατάσταση στα Ελληνικά νησιά του Ανατολικού Αιγαίου είναι ιδιαίτερα θερμή λόγω μεταναστευτικού αυτή την στιγμή.

Σε όλα αυτά έχει σημασία να αναφερθεί μια έκθεση του 2009 (πηγή: europarl.europa.) που με σαφή τρόπο αποτυπώνει μια εικόνα που αφορά την ενεργειακή απεξάρτηση της Ευρώπης από τις πηγές ενέργειας του Καυκάσου και της Ρωσίας, με εστίαση στην περιοχή της Ν.Α. ΕΜΕΑ, αναφέροντας την τεράστια σημασία που θα αποκτήσει η ροή ενέργειας από τις χώρες που θα διασχίσουν οι νέοι αγωγοί από την Μέση Ανατολή.

Η Τουρκία, από την πλευρά της, σε μια συνέχεια της αναζήτησης για φτηνή ενέργεια που θα στηρίξει την ήδη παραπαίουσα οικονομία της, διαβλέποντας πώς οι εξελίξεις σε Αιγαίο (παρουσία ΗΠΑ και Ρωσίας) την αποκλείουν από το να κάνει κάτι πολύ επιθετικό, έχει μπει σε μια σαφή πολιτική παραμονής στην Συρία και αν είναι δυνατόν και στο Β. Ιράκ με κάθε τρόπο.

Ενδιαφέρον παρουσιάζει, επίσης, άλλο ένα στοιχείο που έχει μεγάλη σημασία και για την χώρα μας. Είναι ο επαναπροσδιορισμός των συνόρων στην Βαλκανική. Μέσα σε όλη αυτή την αναδιάταξη των ενεργειακών αγωγών ακολουθεί πάντα μια επώδυνη διαδικασία για τα κράτη της περιοχής με περιορισμένη ισχύ και ικανότητα επιβολής κυριαρχίας. Είναι η ώθηση σε αλλαγή συνοριακών γραμμών. Η πιο ξεκάθαρη περίπτωση σε αυτό είναι η διαμάχη Αλβανίας, Σερβίας, Κοσόβου και πΓΔΜ. Οι χώρες αυτές είναι εμφανέστατα σε μια κατάσταση αναπροσαρμογής και όλες τους παράλληλα αποτελούν μέρος της διαδρομής των ενεργειακών αγωγών που θα έρθουν από τα λιμάνια LNG που θέλουν οι ΗΠΑ να δημιουργηθούν σε Αλεξανδρούπολη και Θεσσαλονίκη (δηλώσεις Pyatt to 2017 και λίγο πριν την ΔΕΘ 2018).

Αυτές οι αναπροσαρμογές συνόρων ως συνήθως δημιουργούν εστίες αναταραχών και συγκρούσεων (μεμονωμένων ή γενικευμένων αναλόγως περίπτωσης). Μια τέτοια διαδικασία όμως, αν θα συμβεί, θα δημιουργήσει μια δίνη που δεν θα έχει καμία σχέση με όσα διαδραματίζονται ακόμα και σήμερα στην Μ. Ανατολή. Τα ιδιαίτερα εθνικά χαρακτηριστικά των φυλών που κατοικούν στην Βαλκανική , συν το αυξανόμενο ισλαμικό στοιχείο (βλ. Κόσοβο – Βοσνία – Τουρκία) είναι δυνατόν να λειτουργήσουν ως παράγοντας ενίσχυσης και επιτάχυνσης πολλών καταστάσεων σε ανεξέλεγκτο επίπεδο.

Αυτό το ενεργειακό κουβάρι περιπλέκεται ακόμη περισσότερο καθώς και η Γερμανία δείχνει ιδιαίτερο ενδιαφέρον για το ζήτημα, ενώ η παρέμβαση της είναι σχεδόν ωμή στο θέμα της συμφωνίας των Πρεσπών που αφορά την πΓΔΜ και πώς αυτή θα εισέρθει σε ΕΕ και ΝΑΤΟ, προφανώς διευκολύνοντας έτσι την παροχή ενέργειας και την προστασία των ενεργειακών οδών που θα περνούν από εκεί (πηγή: KFW).

Θεωρώ πώς είναι προφανές ότι οι ενεργειακοί οδοί είναι εκείνοι που καθορίζουν τώρα αλλά και στο κοντινό μέλλον εξελίξεις στην Βαλκανική και στην Μέση Ανατολή, ενώ παράλληλα τα απόνερα που θα δημιουργούνται απ’ αυτές θα οδηγήσουν πιθανώς και σε συγκρούσεις, ενδεχομένως και σε αλλαγή συνόρων όπου υπάρξει εμφανής δυνατότητα εκμετάλλευσης ενεργειακών πηγών και ροών.

Το ερώτημα που παρουσιάζεται ως φυσιολογικό απόφθεγμα όλων αυτών είναι ποιά ακριβώς θα είναι η στρατηγική όλων των μερών συνολικά αλλά και μεμονωμένα, την οποία κάθε κράτος θα χρησιμοποιήσει για να διαχειριστεί το συνολικό μέγεθος της κατάστασης. Ένα ερώτημα που ταιριάζει ουσιαστικά στο αρχικό ερώτημα που αναφέρεται σε ενδιαφέροντες καιρούς και στην δημιουργία απορίας για το ποιές θεωρίες και ποιοί προβληματισμοί τελικά θα υπερισχύσουν στην πραγματικότητα για όλα τα μετέχοντα μέρη.

Πρώτη δημοσίευση στο Geopolitics and Daily News


          Paul Pogba back to friendly environment with France      Cache   Translate Page      

PARIS — Far away seem the days when Paul Pogba was praised for the mature displays that helped France win the World Cup.

For the Manchester United midfielder, the euphoria that engulfed French players following their title lasted only a few weeks as he fell out with coach Jose Mourinho on his return to Old Trafford.

Pogba's relationship with Mourinho has been complicated since his return to United in 2016. But it reached its nadir last month when Pogba was stripped of the vice-captaincy at the club and then appeared to have a spat with Mourinho at practice.

Following a poor start to the season, United is under pressure and Pogba's future there seems uncertain amid reports he could leave.

Such concerns are irrelevant when Pogba plays with his national team, and the international break is likely to provide solace to a player regarded as indispensable by France coach Didier Deschamps.

Pogba joined his teammates at France's training ground ahead of Thursday's friendly game against Iceland. France, which beat Croatia in the World Cup final in July, hosts Germany in the UEFA Nations League on Oct. 16 at Stade de France.

"I don't want to interfere with the relationship that he, or any other player, could have with his coach," Deschamps said. "But given the situation of some (players) in their clubs, the breath of fresh air brought by the France team can do them good."

Often criticized for his laid-back approach, Pogba took more responsibilities in France during the World Cup and is now regarded as a proper team leader. Pogba is crediting Deschamps, who uses him on the pitch in a less restricted role than Mourinho, for his positive influence.

"I have a very good relationship with the coach, he speaks straight to me," Pogba said.

Here is a look at other talking points ahead of this week's international matches:

EMPTY STADIUM

The last time Croatia played England was in the packed Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow in a World Cup semifinal match. When they meet in the Croatian coastal city of Rijeka on Friday, there will be no fans.

Croatia is completing a stadium ban imposed by UEFA in 2015 when a swastika was painted on its field ahead of a game.

STRUGGLING ITALY

Italy is in desperate need of a victory at Poland on Sunday to avoid more embarrassment after failing to qualify for the last World Cup.

The Azzurri already sit last in its Nations League group with only one point and one goal scored from their opening two matches — a 1-1 draw with Poland and a 1-0 loss to Portugal.

Napoli's Lorenzo Insigne is being tapped for a "false 9" role amid a series of problems for the usual center forwards.

Mario Balotelli and Andrea Belotti have been dropped due to poor form while Ciro Immobile and Simone Zaza have struggled with the national team.

FALLEN CHAMPS REBUILD

Germany is still searching for its way back after its disastrous World Cup defense in Russia. Joachim Loew's squad drew 0-0 with France last month in a game in Munich that did little to assure fans it will be challenging again for titles anytime soon.

If anything, the game just highlighted the absence of Mesut Ozil, who retired from international football after feeling he was made the scapegoat for the German team's disappointing performances in Russia. While Loew wanted his side to display more defensive stability, it failed to convince going forward.

Loew experimented with five changes in the subsequent 2-1 friendly win over Peru, but the pressure is on to show real progress is being made in the games against the Netherlands and France.

REPLACING RONALDO

With Cristiano Ronaldo out again, Portugal's attack will be relying on Andre Silva, the Sevilla striker who has been thriving in the Spanish league.

Silva, playing on a loan from AC Milan, has seven goals in eight league matches so far. Silva scored Portugal's winner in the 1-0 win over Italy in the team's Nations League debut and is set to start in the match at Poland on Friday. Ronaldo hasn't played for Portugal since the World Cup and isn't expected to be back until next year.

DEPLETED SPAIN

Spain will be depleted when it hosts England on Monday with a chance to practically secure a spot in the Nations League's final four.

Some key players will be absent because of injuries, including Francisco "Isco" Alarcon, Dani Carvajal, Sergi Roberto and Diego Costa.

BEST OF THE REST

Russia returns to Sochi, where the World Cup host lost a quarterfinals penalty shootout against Croatia, to play Turkey on Sunday in Group 2 of League B. Russia first hosts Sweden in Kaliningrad on Thursday.

In B3, Bosnia-Herzegovina goes for a third straight when Northern Ireland visits on Monday.

In League C, Group 4 co-leaders Montenegro and Serbia meet in Podgorica on Thursday. The Balkan neighbors joined together as one team at the 2006 World Cup.

In League D, teams with two wins last month include Georgia which next hosts Andorra, Luxembourg playing at Belarus, and Macedonia hosting Liechtenstein.

One of the longest journeys in European soccer faces Azerbaijan — about 4,400 kilometers (2,750 miles) to play at the Faroe islands on Thursday.

___

AP Sports Writers Andrew Dampf, Graham Dunbar, Ciaran Fahey and Rob Harris contributed.

___ ___

More AP sports: https://apnews.com/tag/apf-sports and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports

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Manchester United's Paul Pogba goes off the pitch after the end of the English Premier League soccer match between Manchester United and Newcastle United at Old Trafford in Manchester, England, Saturday, Oct. 6, 2018. Man Utd won the game 3-2. (AP Photo/Jon Super)

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Manchester United's Paul Pogba, right, attempts a shot on goal during their English Premier League soccer match between Manchester United and Newcastle United at Old Trafford in Manchester, England, Saturday, Oct. 6, 2018. (AP Photo/Jon Super)
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          Belgian police raid several soccer clubs in vast probe      Cache   Translate Page      

BRUSSELS (AP) — Belgian authorities say 57 police raids are ongoing in Belgium and six other European nations in a vast probe into financial fraud and match-fixing in soccer. The federal prosecutor’s office says 44 raids were being held in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia. The prosecutor’s statement […]
          New York Times: Πράκτορες και διπλωμάτες των ΗΠΑ αποκαλύπτουν ρωσική προσπάθεια υπονόμευσης της συμφωνίας των Πρεσπών      Cache   Translate Page      
Οι Νew York Times επαναφέρουν τις πληροφορίες ότι ο Ιβάν Σαβίδης χρηματοδότησε τις αντιδράσεις στα Σκόπια - Τι λένε ότι προκύπτει από τις υποκλοπές του Ιουνίου - Η γνωστοποίηση των πληροφοριών στον Αλέξη Τσίπρα και η απέλαση Ρώσων διπλωματών
          Belgian football clubs raided as part of fraud and match-fixing inquiry      Cache   Translate Page      
• Forty-four raids held across Belgium after year-long inquiry
• Clubs in other countries, including France, also investigated

Belgian authorities have carried out a series of raids and arrests at football clubs across the country linked to investigations into financial fraud and possibly match-fixing.

The federal prosecutor’s office said 44 raids were being held in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.

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          7 Kingdom Principles to Shift You to God-Directed Giving      Cache   Translate Page      

The Bureau of Labor Statistics released its September Employment Situation report. Total payrolls increased 134,000 for the month (compared to 270,000 in August and forecasts of 185,000). Private payrolls added 121,000 jobs in September (versus 254,000 in August and pre-report expectations of 180,000). Manufacturing added 18,000 jobs (compared to August's 5,000, and forecasts of 15,000). The unemployment rate dropped from 3.9 percent in August to 3.7 percent in September—forecasts were for 3.8 %.

Other data in the report was little changed. Average hourly earnings increased at the previous monthly rate of 0.3 percent, which ended up being 2.8 percent for the year—in line with expectations. Average hours worked remained constant at 34.5 hours. The labor force participation rate was unchanged at 62.7 percent. The report was viewed as mildly disappointing by many because of the miss on total and private employment. But was it? The impact of Hurricane Florence on the Carolinas impacted the report. The labor market is incredibly strong.

Evidence of the labor market's strength is indicated by the following September labor statistics.

  • The unemployment rate is the lowest since 1969.
  • The number of unemployed workers is the lowest since 2000.
  • Manufacturing job growth is the highest since 1995.
  • The Hispanic unemployment rate (4.5 percent) is the lowest on record.
  • Black unemployment (6.0 percent) is the second lowest on record.
  • The female unemployment rate (3.9 percent) is a 50-year low.

The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) indicated that a record-high 37 percent of small businesses are raising wages. The previous record was 35 percent set in May 2018. A booming economy and an extraordinarily tight labor market is enticing small businesses to share part of the profits from lower taxes and a smaller regulatory burden with their workers.

As followers of Christ, we should always strive to share our blessings. God loved us enough to send His only begotten Son to reconcile us to Him. Jesus loved us enough to suffer and die for our sins on the cross. His love has never failed, and even on the throne, He continually intercedes for us. Jesus dwells in us via the Holy Spirit, which He sent to empower us. The Holy Spirit not only guides us, but allows us to operate with His love, and His power and with His discipline. We are commanded to become like Jesus, and that involves sharing.

In his second letter to the church in Corinth, Paul gave a discourse on sharing and giving. His subject was a special offering being collected for the church in Jerusalem, but the principles apply to much more than money. The principles apply to a lifestyle of sharing, not to meet some legalistic requirement, but to please the one who first loved us. Specifically, we don't share to gain His approval (we already have it through His blood and our faith), but we share to express our gratitude and love for Him.

In the eighth chapter of 2 Corinthians, Paul enumerates some of God's principles of sharing. Reflection on these kingdom principles should help us to move from worldly sharing to God-ordained, God-directed and God-glorifying sharing.

  1. The Macedonian church first gave themselves to the Lord (2 Cor. 8:5).
  2. Even though the Macedonian church faced great affliction and deep poverty, their abundance of joy overflowed in the wealth of their liberality (2 Cor. 8:2).
  3. The Corinthian church was asked to give by grace, but not by commandment (2 Cor. 8:7-8).
  4. The Corinthians were asked to give with willingness, from what they had, not according to what they didn't have (2 Cor. 8:12).
  5. The Corinthians should give cheerfully as they purposed, and not grudgingly or under compulsion (2 Cor. 8:7).
  6. God will reward based upon the bountifulness of their gift (2 Cor. 8:6).
  7. God will multiply their seed, increase their harvest of their righteousness, enrich them in everything and produce thanksgiving to God because of their generosity (2 Cor. 8:10-11).

These principles can obviously be applied to money, but they can also be applied to other areas of our lives to His glory. Some of the ways they could be applied, in addition to money, are listed below.

  • If we have a testimony that God answers prayers, perhaps we should share our testimony by praying for and with others.
  • If we have been forgiven, perhaps we should share our forgiveness of others with them and share the knowledge of how to receive God's forgiveness.
  • If God has healed us of disease or infirmity, perhaps we should share this knowledge with others.
  • If God has granted us peace, perhaps we should share it with others.
  • If we have received mercy and grace from God, perhaps we should share mercy and grace.
  • If we know how to experience His presence, perhaps we should share our secret with others.
  • If the Bible provides us with guidance and power, perhaps we should share the Bible.
  • If God has loved us, perhaps we should share His love.
  • If we truly believe that Jesus is all that He says He is, perhaps we should share Him.

"Give, and it will be given to you: Good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will men give unto you. For with the measure you use, it will be measured unto you" (Luke 6:38). {eoa}

Dr. James Russell is a professor of economics at Oral Roberts University.


          Macedonia: Debate on constitutional changes begins      Cache   Translate Page      

SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) — Macedonia’s parliamentary committee on constitutional issues has begun debating constitutional amendments required as part of a deal with neighboring Greece to change the country’s name to North Macedonia in exchange for NATO membership. Changes being discussed Wednesday include modifying the preamble and two articles. The move comes after a Sept. 30 […]
          Discoforum: macedonia deluxe      Cache   Translate Page      
Midge Ure, Edith Piaf, Salomón Burke y Bruce Springsteen son algunos de los protagonistas del Discoforum de hoy.
           Fotbal - corupţie: 44 de percheziţii n Belgia şi 13 n diverse ţări din Europa      Cache   Translate Page      
Parchetul federal din Belgia a confirmat că 44 de percheziţii sunt efectuate miercuri dimineaţă în toată ţara în legătură cu activitatea unor agenţi de fotbalişti şi falsificarea mai multor meciuri disputate în sezonul trecut, iar în paralel, la cererea judecătorului de instrucţie, se desfăşoară 13 percheziţii în străinătate, mai ales în Franţa, Luxemburg, Cipru, Muntenegru, Serbia şi Macedonia, scrie ziarul Le Soir.
           Club Brugge, Anderlecht and Standard Liege raided by police as part of match-fixing probe       Cache   Translate Page      
The federal prosecutor's office in Brussels has confirmed 44 raids occurred in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.
          ΝΥΤ: Η Αμερικανική κατασκοπεία αποκαλύπτει ρωσικό δάκτυλο στο δημοψήφισμα για το Σκοπιανό      Cache   Translate Page      

Σε ένα εκτενές δημοσίευμα, όπου καταγράφονται αναλυτικά γεγονότα, πρόσωπα και δηλώσεις σχετικά με το διπλωματικό παρασκήνιο του δημοψηφίσματος στην πΓΔΜ, οι New York Times αποκαλύπτουν ότι η αμερικανική αντικατασκοπεία παρενέβη και ήταν τελικά εκείνη που ενημέρωσε την ελληνική κυβέρνηση σχετικά με ρωσικές κινήσεις υπονόμευυσης της συμφωνίας των Πρεσπών.

Σύμφωνα με την εφημερίδα, υπήρξε καταγραφή τηλεφωνικών συνομιλιών του επιχειρηματία Ιβάν Σαββίδη που δείχνουν ότι χρηματοδότησε συλλαλητήρια εναντίον της συμφωνίας στα Σκόπια.

Στο δημοσίευμα των ΝΥΤ αναφέρεται πως Αμερικανοί αξιωματούχοι δηλώνουν ότι «από παρακολουθήσεις επικοινωνιών τον Ιούνιο» διαπιστώθηκε, ότι ο Ιβάν Σαββίδης «εργαζόταν σαν αγωγός της Ρωσίας για να υπονομεύσει» την Συμφωνία των Πρεσπών, «η οποία θα άνοιγε τον δρόμο για την ένταξη της Μακεδονίας στο ΝΑΤΟ». Η Μόσχα, «που βλέπει την επέκταση της βορειοατλαντικής Συμμαχίας σαν μέγιστη απειλή για τα σύνορά της, ήταν αποφασισμένη να πολεμήσει το δημοψήφισμα επί της συμφωνίας...»
«Σε αντίποινα, Αμερικανοί αξιωματούχοι έκαναν μία ασυνήθιστη, επιθετική κίνηση: Παρέδωσαν τα αποτελέσματα των παρακολουθήσεων στην κυβέρνηση Τσίπρα, η οποία απάντησε με την απέλαση δύο Ρώσων διπλωματών και την απαγόρευση εισόδου άλλων δύο...» συνεχίζει το δημοσίευμα των ΝΥΤ. 

«Σύμφωνα με το Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, έναν οργανισμό ερευνητικής δημοσιογραφίας, «ο κ. Σαββίδης πλήρωσε τουλάχιστον 300.000 ευρώ σε διαφωνούντες με την καμπάνια υπέρ της αλλαγής ονόματος της Μακεδονίας, ανάμεσα στους οποίους ήταν Μακεδόνες πολιτικοί, ριζοσπαστικοί εθνικιστικοί οργανισμοί και χούλιγκανς της ομάδας Βαρντάρ, οι οποίοι σκηνοθέτησαν τις βίαιες διαδηλώσεις μπροστά στην Βουλή των Σκοπίων...»

Οι συντάκτες της αμερικανικής εφημερίδας διαπιστώνουν με αφορμή το δημοψήφισμα και τις τριβές στις σχέσεις Ουάσιγκτον - Μόσχας, ότι «οι μυστικές μανούβρες ανέκυψαν την ίδια στιγμή που ο Πρόεδρος Τραμπ ταξίδευε στην Ευρώπη το καλοκαίρι και αγκάλιαζε δημοσίως τον Πρόεδρο Πούτιν, ενώ υποβάθμιζε το ΝΑΤΟ - άλλο ένα παράδειγμα του χάσματος ανάμεσα στον Λευκό Οίκο και στους υπηρεσιακούς παράγοντες της αμερικανικής εθνικής ασφάλειας».

 
 

 

          World Investment Forum, Geneva, 22-26 October 2018 — Heads of State, Private Sector and International Leaders to Boost Investment in Sustainable Development      Cache   Translate Page      

UNCTAD GENEVA

ENLARGE

UNCTAD GENEVA

ENLARGE

Photos: Students from Chinese university during the visit to UNCTAD. Group photo in front of the Place des Nations, at the UN’s European Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. August 16, 2018. Images provided by & Copyright © UNCTAD.

Geneva, 9 October 2018 - More than 5,000 participants from 160 countries will meet in Geneva to thrash out major new investment-for-development initiatives at UNCTAD’s World Investment Forum 2018 in the Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland from 22-26 October.

The high-level conference comes amid mounting disquiet about declining investment flows and their impact on efforts to meet the ambition of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the international community three years ago.

“Global flows of foreign direct investment fell by 23% in 2017,” United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said. “Cross-border investment in developed and transition economies dropped sharply, while growth was near zero in developing economies. With only a very modest recovery predicted for 2018, this negative trend is a long-term concern for policymakers worldwide, especially for developing countries.”

Private sector investment in developing countries, totaling $3.9 trillion a year, is needed to generate economic activity to meet the Sustainable Development Goals - the core of the 2030 Agenda -according to UNCTAD research. Current levels leave an investment gap of some $2.5 trillion.

Marking its 10th anniversary, the biennial World Investment Forum remains the premier venue to forge partnerships between investment and development stakeholders to close this gap.

A unique gathering of high-level players from the global investment-development community, the forum provides an opportunity to hold an open dialogue, brainstorm solution-oriented initiatives and foster global alliances to advance prosperity for all. This year’s event comprises some 60 functions, including three summits, five ministerial roundtables, private-sector led sessions and several awards ceremonies.

Besides giving participants a chance to spotlight priorities for attracting and channeling investment that will drive sustainable development, the forum sessions will also focus on transformative actions and innovative financing modes for growth, such as blockchain, sustainability bonds, and blended finance.

Speakers from business and special guests include more than 30 top executives of multinationals, among them Aviva, De Beers, Coca-Cola, ContourGlobal, Jumia, Lavazza, PwC, Siemens Financial Services, UBS, and the heads of stock exchanges including those in Bombay, Johannesburg, Luxembourg, Nasdaq Nordic, SIX and Shenzen, as well as the leaders of sovereign wealth and pension funds.

Fourteen heads of state and government have confirmed they will attend, including those from Armenia, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cambodia, the Central African Republic, Kenya, Lesotho, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Sierra Leone, and Switzerland.

More than fifty ministers from developed and developing countries and 21 heads of international organizations will join them.

In addition to United Nations entities, 50 other organizations will be at the event, including the Commonwealth, the International Labour Organization, the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the International Olympic Committee, the International Organization of Securities Commissions, the International Telecommunication Union, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Economic Forum, the World Trade Organization and the World Bank Group.

These partnerships have generated exciting new content for this year’s participants, including an in-depth look at the relationship between sport and development, co-hosted with the International Olympic Committee and, on the annual United Nations Day, 24 October, a session on the role of investment in peace and security.

Five independent tracks will run in parallel with the main forum, with a special programme for parliamentarians, a multidisciplinary academic conference, an investment village, the 35th anniversary session of the Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting (ISAR), and the 2018 UNCTAD Youth Forum, taking youth entrepreneurship as its theme.

Previous World Investment Forums took place in Accra, Ghana (2008), Xiamen, China (2010), Doha, Qatar (2012), Geneva, Switzerland (2014) and Nairobi, Kenya (2016).

Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Geneva

|GlobalGiants.Com|


          7 Kingdom Principles to Shift You to God-Directed Giving      Cache   Translate Page      

The Bureau of Labor Statistics released its September Employment Situation report. Total payrolls increased 134,000 for the month (compared to 270,000 in August and forecasts of 185,000). Private payrolls added 121,000 jobs in September (versus 254,000 in August and pre-report expectations of 180,000). Manufacturing added 18,000 jobs (compared to August's 5,000, and forecasts of 15,000). The unemployment rate dropped from 3.9 percent in August to 3.7 percent in September—forecasts were for 3.8 %.

Other data in the report was little changed. Average hourly earnings increased at the previous monthly rate of 0.3 percent, which ended up being 2.8 percent for the year—in line with expectations. Average hours worked remained constant at 34.5 hours. The labor force participation rate was unchanged at 62.7 percent. The report was viewed as mildly disappointing by many because of the miss on total and private employment. But was it? The impact of Hurricane Florence on the Carolinas impacted the report. The labor market is incredibly strong.

Evidence of the labor market's strength is indicated by the following September labor statistics.

  • The unemployment rate is the lowest since 1969.
  • The number of unemployed workers is the lowest since 2000.
  • Manufacturing job growth is the highest since 1995.
  • The Hispanic unemployment rate (4.5 percent) is the lowest on record.
  • Black unemployment (6.0 percent) is the second lowest on record.
  • The female unemployment rate (3.9 percent) is a 50-year low.

The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) indicated that a record-high 37 percent of small businesses are raising wages. The previous record was 35 percent set in May 2018. A booming economy and an extraordinarily tight labor market is enticing small businesses to share part of the profits from lower taxes and a smaller regulatory burden with their workers.

As followers of Christ, we should always strive to share our blessings. God loved us enough to send His only begotten Son to reconcile us to Him. Jesus loved us enough to suffer and die for our sins on the cross. His love has never failed, and even on the throne, He continually intercedes for us. Jesus dwells in us via the Holy Spirit, which He sent to empower us. The Holy Spirit not only guides us, but allows us to operate with His love, and His power and with His discipline. We are commanded to become like Jesus, and that involves sharing.

In his second letter to the church in Corinth, Paul gave a discourse on sharing and giving. His subject was a special offering being collected for the church in Jerusalem, but the principles apply to much more than money. The principles apply to a lifestyle of sharing, not to meet some legalistic requirement, but to please the one who first loved us. Specifically, we don't share to gain His approval (we already have it through His blood and our faith), but we share to express our gratitude and love for Him.

In the eighth chapter of 2 Corinthians, Paul enumerates some of God's principles of sharing. Reflection on these kingdom principles should help us to move from worldly sharing to God-ordained, God-directed and God-glorifying sharing.

  1. The Macedonian church first gave themselves to the Lord (2 Cor. 8:5).
  2. Even though the Macedonian church faced great affliction and deep poverty, their abundance of joy overflowed in the wealth of their liberality (2 Cor. 8:2).
  3. The Corinthian church was asked to give by grace, but not by commandment (2 Cor. 8:7-8).
  4. The Corinthians were asked to give with willingness, from what they had, not according to what they didn't have (2 Cor. 8:12).
  5. The Corinthians should give cheerfully as they purposed, and not grudgingly or under compulsion (2 Cor. 8:7).
  6. God will reward based upon the bountifulness of their gift (2 Cor. 8:6).
  7. God will multiply their seed, increase their harvest of their righteousness, enrich them in everything and produce thanksgiving to God because of their generosity (2 Cor. 8:10-11).

These principles can obviously be applied to money, but they can also be applied to other areas of our lives to His glory. Some of the ways they could be applied, in addition to money, are listed below.

  • If we have a testimony that God answers prayers, perhaps we should share our testimony by praying for and with others.
  • If we have been forgiven, perhaps we should share our forgiveness of others with them and share the knowledge of how to receive God's forgiveness.
  • If God has healed us of disease or infirmity, perhaps we should share this knowledge with others.
  • If God has granted us peace, perhaps we should share it with others.
  • If we have received mercy and grace from God, perhaps we should share mercy and grace.
  • If we know how to experience His presence, perhaps we should share our secret with others.
  • If the Bible provides us with guidance and power, perhaps we should share the Bible.
  • If God has loved us, perhaps we should share His love.
  • If we truly believe that Jesus is all that He says He is, perhaps we should share Him.

"Give, and it will be given to you: Good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will men give unto you. For with the measure you use, it will be measured unto you" (Luke 6:38). {eoa}

Dr. James Russell is a professor of economics at Oral Roberts University.


          Gira 50 aniversario de JETHRO TULL      Cache   Translate Page      

La legendaria banda de rock clásico y progresivo, Jetrho Tull, cumplen 50 años de carrera, que se dice pronto. Y lo celebran con una gira muy especial que cuenta con dos fechas en España para inicios del próximo mes de noviembre en Madrid y Pamplona, de la mano de Madness Live, la organización del ya extinto Be Prog! My Friend. La gira por Europa pasará por Reino Unido, Suiza, Países Bajos, Francia, Bélgica, Alemania, Polonia Bulgaria, Macedonia, Serbia y Croacia, además de nuestro país. Comenzará el día 13 de Octubre y acabará el lunes 26 de noviembre. Los británicos Jethro Tull, liderados por […]

Contenido de TNT Radio Rock


          Treasure in the Details      Cache   Translate Page      

Paul could not have made the importance of Phoebe's previous work in Cenchrae and her future work with the church in Rome more clear.
"The devil's in the details!"

Yes, I know that folk proverb can be true. Likewise, most of us who have "searched long and hard" for something precious have also discovered another truth: The treasure can be in the details! Many of life's sweetest discoveries happen because we research carefully, we look exhaustively, and we pay attention to the smallest details.

I have found this principle especially true in Bible study. Some of the Bible's most glorious treasures reveal themselves in the small details in the scriptures. This principle is especially true when we invest some time focusing on genealogies, travel notes, and personal greetings at the beginning and end of the gospels and Paul's letters. These often overlooked sections of our Bibles frequently have unexpected blessings if we will take a closer look at their details. The last chapter of Paul's letter to the Romans has a number of these treasures.

Paul had never visited Rome, yet he addressed 17 men and 10 women,[ONE] including several households, as he closes his letter (Romans 16:1-16). This list reflects the diverse nature of the church family in Rome. Paul championed this diversity. He taught that grace tore down cultural barriers as all people were baptized into Christ:

There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:28).

That Paul mentioned so many people in the church in Rome — in a town that he had never visited — reminds us of the mobile nature of the early church. This interconnectedness of early believers across the Roman Empire also demonstrated their commitment to seek each other out as brothers and sisters while they traveled. When we investigate a little more closely, we discover Paul's interest in these individual people was also tied to his robust prayer life, his intentional maturing of new disciples, along with his concern for "his" churches and the precious people who made up those churches (2 Corinthians 11:28; Colossians 1:28-29; 1 Thessalonians 1:2-3; 5:23-24; 2 Thessalonians 1:11-12; 2:16-17).

The focus of our current series of reflections is on the importance of women in Scripture. This list (Romans 16:1-16) is a powerful reminder of their importance in the life of the early church and celebrated by the apostle Paul. Paying attention to this list, along with other personal tidbits in Paul's other letters, helps us discover many ways that women served, led, and blessed the early church.

Paul's list begins with a note of recommendation for Phoebe to the church in Rome:

I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God's people. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me (Romans 16:1-2 NLT).

Paul called Phoebe a deacon in the church in Cenchrae. The natural understanding of Paul's words indicates this servant leader role for Phoebe. She was probably a woman of financial means — a benefactor or special financial supporter of important ministries — who is now coming to the congregations in Rome from Cenchrea. Paul commands these Roman believers to respect her ministry and help her in her ministry efforts in Rome.[ThREE] While I don't know all the ways Phoebe led in ministry and blessed the Lord's people, we have similar examples of other women who were servant leaders in ministry — women like Dorcas in Joppa (Acts 9:36-43) and Lydia in Philippi (Acts 16:13-15, 40). Euodia and Syntyche, also from Philippi, probably also fit into a similar leading ministry role in Philippi (Philippians 4:2-3).

Paul could not have made the importance of Phoebe's previous work in Cenchrae and her future work with the church in Rome more clear. The church was to welcome and support her in her ministry. She is a great reminder of how church practice in modern times in some places has lagged behind the example of the early church.

The next woman on Paul's list (Romans 16:3) was Priscilla (Prisca), whose husband was Aquila. These two early church leaders are found together in various cities. They are repeatedly tied to various aspects of Paul's ministry. Paul considered them his dear co-workers:

Give my greetings to Priscilla and Aquila, my co-workers in the ministry of Christ Jesus. They once risked their lives for me. I am thankful to them, and so are all the Gentile churches. Also give my greetings to the church that meets in their home (Romans 16:3-5 NLT).

This dynamic married couple hosted house churches in Rome (Romans 16:5), Ephesus (1 Corinthians 16:19), and Corinth (Acts 18:3). They accompanied Paul on some of his mission efforts (Acts 18:18). When a dynamic orator named Apollos spoke about Jesus to unbelieving Jews in Ephesus very eloquently, but incompletely and inaccurately, this couple took him aside privately and straightened out his teaching on Jesus (Acts 18:24-26). That Luke and Paul often referred to Priscilla first would suggest that she took the lead in this and other efforts. Both Priscilla and Aquila worked hard with Paul in the work of the gospel. They shared ministry, life, and the common vocation of leather work and tent-making (Acts 18:1-3).

This couple had risked their lives right alongside Paul to share the gospel. Priscilla played a huge role in evangelism, providing a place for the church to meet as well as teaching Apollos the truth about Jesus more completely. Again, the Bible usually refers to Priscilla first when mentioning this couple. This order is significant. Her culture, along with traditional biblical practice, normally listed the man first when referring to a married couple. Her priority in most references suggests that she took the lead in the ministry efforts that she shared with her husband.

That Priscilla partnered in ministry with her husband, Aquila, does not negate or minimize her importance to the life of the church and the work of Paul. Her work was vital to congregations. Her ministry was important to evangelism. Her work in hosting the churches was essential to church growth in three leading cities in the ancient world. Each of these roles shows the widespread influence that Priscilla had along with her husband in blessing the early church.

Phoebe and Priscilla are just the first two of ten women we find in Romans 16. These women served all sorts of roles. Some were imprisoned with Paul because of their work in evangelism. Some were dear to Paul personally because of their ministry to him. One was known as an apostle, an early person of faith. Each was invaluable to the work of Jesus. All of this we know because these treasures are right there for us to find in the details!

I encourage you to read Paul's list in several translations. Get a feel for how important their work, service, ministry, support, leadership, sacrifice, and encouragement were to Paul and the early church. Also, notice the roles and the value of these roles that Paul assigned to them. What follows are the verses with each woman's key work or achievement in bold print and their names underlined:

Greet my dear friend Epenetus. He was the first person from the province of Asia to become a follower of Christ. Give my greetings to Mary, who has worked so hard for your benefit. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews, who were in prison with me. They are highly respected among the apostles and became followers of Christ before I did. Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord. Greet Urbanus, our co-worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys.

Greet Apelles, a good man whom Christ approves. And give my greetings to the believers from the household of Aristobulus. Greet Herodion, my fellow Jew. Greet the Lord's people from the household of Narcissus. Give my greetings to Tryphena and Tryphosa, the Lord's workers, and to dear Persis, who has worked so hard for the Lord. Greet Rufus, whom the Lord picked out to be his very own; and also his dear mother, who has been a mother to me.

Give my greetings to Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers and sisters* who meet with them. Give my greetings to Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and to Olympas and all the believers who meet with them. Greet each other in Christian love. All the churches of Christ send you their greetings (Romans 16:5-16 NLT).

As we have seen in previous weeks, women were instrumental in supporting the ministry of Jesus. They were faithful to be present with him through the Passion when the male disciples were not. We also find these women praying for the coming of the Holy Spirit and present at Pentecost. They played important roles in the evangelization of Macedonia. They were vital in providing churches and missionaries places to meet. They were partners in ministry with the apostle Paul.

Many of these women, as Paul's list (Romans 16:1-16) indicates, worked hard for the Lord and his people. They served in recognized roles with titles and responsibilities and as behind-the-scenes servants. While we may not know everything that each of their ministries entailed, we do know that Paul felt their work was significant enough to include in his letter that was read aloud in the church assemblies in Rome. We must not discount or forget that these are roles, titles, and ministries in which these women led and served with the blessing of Paul, the apostle. Let's appreciate and involve women in similar ways today, valuing them as gifted servants of Jesus, partners in ministry, and essential leaders in servant ministry to the church and the world.



[ONE] This list of names helps identify the ten women based on the feminine endings for their names: Phoebe, Priscilla (Prisca), Mary, Junia, Tryphena, Tryphosa, Persis, Rufus' mother, Julia, and Nereus' sister.

[TWO] Here are the current articles in our series:

[THREE] For a few today, some lingering debate remains over whether or not Phoebe was an official "deacon" or a regular "servant" leader in the church at Cenchrea. After all, the word "deacon" (1 Timothy 3:8) and "servant" (Matthew 23:11) and "minister" (2 Corinthians 3:6) are the same word in the original Greek — diakonos. This word refers to a simple table servant or household servant in common usage and always carries the connotation of servant wherever it is found. Early English translators did not translate the word servant, but transliterated it — they gave a sound equivalent instead of an equivalent term in English. Some of the first recognized servant leaders in the early church were appointed to take care of feeding the neglected widows in Jerusalem (Acts 6:1-7), the term appears to have gained an important distinction for those who serve those in need in some special way. By the time Paul wrote 1 Timothy 3 and Titus 1, the sense of a recognized servant to the congregation had a clear importance and responsibility. Paul made clear that there was a certain character needed to serve in this role whether these servant leaders ("deacons") were men or women (1 Timothy 3:8-13). Paul refers specifically to these kinds of special servants who functioned as servant leaders in Philippians 1:1.

Several insights are important as we look at Phoebe's role and importance to the churches of Cenchrea and Rome:

  1. The New Testament did not have a separate "religious" word like today's word deacon.[THREE] The Greek word sometimes transliterated "deacon," diakonos to sound like the original word, really meant "table servant." This word probably would be best translated "servant leader" most places it is found in the New Testament. Jesus used this term to describe his leadership (Luke 22:24-26; Matthew 23:11). Paul pointed early Christians to Jesus as the supreme example of this kind of true leadership (Philippians 2:5-11). As students of the scriptures, we have to determine the best term to use to translate diakonos into English based largely on context. But, we must be careful not to change the meaning of the term and role simply because of the gender of the person described, especially when the New Testament does not do this. Just because the first list of those who served in a similar role were men (Acts 6:1-7), doesn't mean we can ignore the women who are mentioned in similar roles. In Jewish cultures near Jerusalem, only men were allowed to serve in such roles. However, as the Christian movement expanded and women had greater freedoms, we find them taking on increasingly important roles as we see in Macedonia (Acts 16:13-15, 40; Acts 17:4, 12; Philippians 4:2-3) and Rome (Romans 16:1-16).
  2. The language used for Phoebe describes her in a leading servant role in her congregation — "a servant of the church at Cenchrae" (Romans 16:1 ESV). The way the church in Rome was commanded by Paul to "help her in whatever she may need (require) from you..." (Romans 16:2 ESV) also supports this understanding for her role in Rome. (If Phoebe's name had been Philip, there would be no doubt about her role as a "deacon" because she is identified with a specific congregation — compare Philippians 1:1.) She may have served as a patron or benefactor providing funds and resources for the early church (Romans 16:1 NIV), similar to the women who supported Jesus (Luke 8:1-3) and like Lydia who provided for the church and the mission team in Philippi (Acts 16:11-15, 40). Or, she could have had a ministry like Dorcas who did much good and helped the poor (Acts 9:36-43). She may have had a key role in evangelizing people in Cenchrae similar to what Euodia and Syntyche had done in Philippi (Philippians 4:2-3). Determining her exact role is not the significant point. The significant point is that Phoebe was recognized in two different sets of churches as someone integral to the church's ministry, as well as someone who should be welcomed, followed, and supported in her good work for the kingdom of God (Romans 16:2). She is but one of several women in recognized roles in the ministry of Jesus and the early church — like the women who supported Jesus or Lydia, Euodia, Syntyche, and Dorcas.
  3. That there are qualifications for "the women" who served in the role of "deacon" or "leading servant" in Ephesus (1 Timothy 3:11) indicates that this role for women was recognized in Ephesus as well as Cenchrae and Rome and was supported by the apostle Paul in all three places. Some today still have problems with women having qualifications for serving as a "deacon" because some translations chose to interpret the reference to "the women" as "their wives." As the footnote of nearly every responsible Bible translation suggests, the translation of "the women" as "their wives" (1 Timothy 3:11 ESV) is an interpretation rather than a translation. The word "wife" is not used (1 Timothy 3:11 NLT). The literal wording is "women likewise..." Since there are no corresponding character attributes required for the "the women" who are married to elders, then these requirements for the wives of male "deacons" seems out of place. The simplest understanding, and the one accepted by many conservative scholars today, is that Paul was giving the character attributes for women who served as "deacons." Notice two realities that support this understanding. First, Paul gives qualifications for widows who served and were supported by the church in 1 Timothy 5:3-16, so we know that women did serve in some forms of ministry. Second, we have the example of Phoebe who is called a "deacon" (Romans 16:1-2). Paul's language clearly implies that Phoebe served the congregation in Cenchrae in an accepted and official leadership role. Paul also gave instructions on how the church in Rome was to receive and support her in a similar role. Notice the language of the New Living Translation which carefully translates these terms:

    I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God's people. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me (Romans 16:1-2 NLT).

  4. Two truths about Phoebe cannot be doubted:

    • She was invaluable to Paul and the congregations with whom she was involved.
    • She ministered to and with congregations. Her ministry was not in an out-of-the-way position or a backseat ministry without any authority: in fact, the congregations in Rome were to help her do her ministry.



  5. Special thanks to Free Bible Images for the images used on this page.

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    About the author: Phil Ware has authored 11 years of daily devotionals, including VerseoftheDay.com, read by 500,000 people a day. He works with churches in transition with Interim Ministry Partners and for the past 21+ years, he has been editor and president of HEARTLIGHT Magazine, author of VerseoftheDay.com, God's Holy Fire (on the Holy Spirit), and aYearwithJesus.com. Phil has also authored four books, daily devotionals on each of the four gospels.
          A sunny color      Cache   Translate Page      
In the former Pavlos Melas military camp. Thessaloniki, Macedonia,...
          U.S. Spycraft and Stealthy Diplomacy Expose Russian Subversion in a Key Balkans Vote      Cache   Translate Page      
A voter at a polling station last month in Murtino, Macedonia, during a referendum on whether to change the country’s name. Credit Dimitar Dilkoff/Agence…
          Where Is Trump's Alleged Isolationism?      Cache   Translate Page      

Ted Galen Carpenter

It’s nearly impossible to read major newspapers, magazines, or online publications in recent months without encountering a plethora of articles contending that the United States is turning inward and “going alone,” “abandoning Washington’s global leadership role” or “retreating from the world.” These trends supposedly herald the arrival of a new “isolationism.” The chief villain in all of these worrisome developments is, of course, Donald Trump. There is just one problem with such arguments; they are vastly overstated bordering on utterly absurd.

President Trump is not embracing his supposed inner isolationist. The policy changes that he has adopted regarding both security and international economic issues do not reflect a desire to decrease Washington’s global hegemonic status. Instead, they point to a more unilateral and militaristic approach, but one that still envisions a hyper-activist U.S. role.

For instance, it’s certainly not evident that the United States is abandoning its security commitments to dozens of allies and clients. Despite the speculation that erupted in response to Trump’s negative comments about the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and other alliances during the 2016 election campaign (and occasionally since then), the substance of U.S. policy has remained largely unchanged. Indeed, NATO has continued to expand its membership with Trump’s blessing—adding Montenegro and planning to add Macedonia.

If you look at his actions and not his words, you won’t find it.

Indeed, Trump’s principal complaint about NATO has always focused on European free-riding and the lack of burden-sharing, not about rethinking the wisdom of the security commitments to Europe that America undertook in the early days of the Cold War. In that respect, Trump’s emphasis on greater burden-sharing within the Alliance is simply a less diplomatic version of the message that previous generations of U.S. officials have tried sending to the allies.

Moreover, Trump’s insistence at the July NATO summit in Brussels that the European nations increase their military budgets and do more for transatlantic defense echoed the comments of President Obama’s Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel in 2014. Hagel warned his European counterparts that they must step up their commitment to the alliance or watch it become irrelevant. Declining European defense budgets, he emphasized, are “not sustainable. Our alliance can endure only as long as we are willing to fight for it, and invest in it.” Rebalancing NATO’s “burden-sharing and capabilities,” Hagel stressed, “is mandatory—not elective.”

Additionally, U.S. military activities along NATO’s eastern flank certainly have not diminished during the Trump administration. Washington has sent forces to participate in a growing number of exercises (war games) along Russia’s western land border—as well as in the Black Sea—to demonstrate the U.S. determination to protect its alliance partners. Trump has even escalated America’s “leadership role” by authorizing the sale of weapons to Ukraine —a very sensitive step that President Obama carefully avoided.

Trump even seems receptive to establishing permanent U.S. military bases in Eastern Europe. During a state visit to Washington in mid-September, Poland’s president, Andrzej Duda, promised to provide $2 billion toward construction costs if the United States built a military base in his country. Duda even offered to name the base “Fort Trump.” Trump’s reaction was revealing. Noting that Poland “is willing to make a very major contribution to the United States to come in and have a presence in Poland,” Trump stated that the United States would take Duda’s proposal “very seriously.” American Conservative columnist Daniel Larison notes that while Trump often is accused of wanting to “retreat” from the world, “his willingness to entertain this proposal shows that he doesn’t care about stationing U.S. forces abroad so long as someone else is footing most of the bill.”

U.S. military activism does not seem to have diminished outside the NATO region either. Washington persists in its futile regime-change campaign in Syria, and it continues the shameful policy of assisting Saudi Arabia and its Gulf allies pursue their atrocity-ridden war in Yemen. Both of those Obama-era ventures should have been prime candidates for a policy change if Trump had wished to decrease America’s military activism.

There are no such indications in Europe, the Middle East, or anywhere else. The U.S. Navy’s freedom of navigation patrols in the South China Sea have actually increased in size and frequency under Trump—much to China’s anger . Washington’s diplomatic support for Taiwan also has quietly increased over the past year or so, and National Security Advisor John Bolton is on record suggesting that the United States move some of its troops stationed on Okinawa to Taiwan. The U.S. military presence in Sub-Saharan Africa is increasing, both in overall size and the number of host countries.

Those are all extremely strange actions for an administration supposedly flirting with a retreat from the world to be adopting. So, too, is Trump’s push for increases in America’s already bloated military budget, which now exceeds $700 billion—with even higher spending levels on the horizon.

Accusations of a U.S. retreat from the world on non-military matters have only slightly greater validity. True, Trump has shown little patience for multilateral arrangements such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the Paris climate agreement, or the United Nations Human Rights Council that he concluded did not serve America’s national interests. On those issues, the president’s actions demonstrated that his invocation of “America First” was not just rhetoric. However, regarding such matters, as well as the trade disputes with China and North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement partners, the administration’s emphasis is on securing a “better deal” for the United States, not abandoning the entire diplomatic process. One might question the wisdom or effectiveness of that approach, but it is a far cry from so-called isolationism.

Ted Galen Carpenter, a senior fellow in defense and foreign-policy studies at the Cato Institute and a contributing editor at the National Interest, is the author of ten books, the contributing editor of ten books, and the author of more than seven hundred articles on international affairs.
          Investigación en el fútbol belga por presunto fraude y amaño de partidos      Cache   Translate Page      
La justicia belga ha iniciado una investigación sobre presuntos partidos amañados, fraude y blanqueo de dinero en una decena de clubes de fútbol, entre ellos el Anderlecht, el Brujas, el Genk o el Standard, en una operación coordinada por la justicia europea que afecta a otros seis países. Según informó hoy la Fiscalía federal belga, un total de 44 registros se efectuaron esta mañana en todo el país, y, a petición del juez de instrucción, otros 13 en Francia, Luxemburgo, Chipre, Montenegro, Serbia y Macedonia, coordinados por Eurojust, el órgano de cooperación judicial de la Unión Europea (UE). Un total de 184 policías belgas y 36 extranjeros participan en la operación, detalló la fiscalía en un comunicado, en el que explicó que la investigación arrancó a finales de 2017, a raíz de un informe de la Unidad de Fraudes deportivos de la policía federal que indicaba transacciones sospechosas en la primera división de fútbol belga. Las transacciones habrían sido realizadas por agentes de jugadores, según la fiscalía, que habrían ocultado comisiones en el traspaso de jugadores y en el salario de jugadores, entrenadores y otros pagos. Según el diario belga 'Le Soir', entre los interrogados se encuentra uno de los agentes más influyentes del fútbol belga, Mogi Bayat, ex dirigente del Sporting Charleroi, así como el exdirigente del Anderlecht, Herman Van Holsbeeck, y el actual entrenador del Brujas, Ivan Leko. La fiscalía también cita una presunta "influencia" en los partidos de la temporada 2017-2018. «La investigación judicial se refiere a actividades en el contexto de una organización criminal, lavado de dinero y corrupción privada», agregó. En el marco de esta operación la policía ha requisado una serie de documentos y ha efectuado registros en la residencia de responsables de clubes, agentes, árbitros, un abogado, una oficina de contabilidad, un entrenador, periodistas y «eventuales cómplices», añade el comunicado.
          Warning shots fired at Macedonia-Greece border      Cache   Translate Page      
Macedonian soldiers have fired several warning shots in the air at the country's border with Greece to deter a group of migrants from crossing it illegally. According to local media, one migrant was arrested and turned over to the police, while others returned to the territory of Greece.
          Macedonia: Debate on constitutional changes begins      Cache   Translate Page      
Macedonia's parliamentary committee on constitutional issues has begun debating constitutional amendments required as part of a deal with neighboring Greece to change the country's name to North Macedonia in exchange for NATO membership.
           Σχόλιο στο Δηλώσεις @PanosKammenos από το Πενταγώνο στις ΗΠΑ «Αξονας σταθερότητας της Μεσογείου η Ελλάδα-Ενεργειακός σχεδιασμός-Προκλητικότητα της Τουρκίας [ΒΙΝΤΕΟ] από ΑΝΕΛ μεχρι θανατου       Cache   Translate Page      
υηθ http://tobromania.ga/images/images-uploads/9964/macedonia__art-450.jpg
           Σχόλιο στο Τουρκική παράνοια! Δεν θα πιστέψετε πόσα έχει δαπανήσει η Τουρκία για τις νέες φυλακές και την συντήρηση τους… από macedonianancestry       Cache   Translate Page      
Reblogged στις <a href="https://macedonianancestry.wordpress.com/2018/10/10/%cf%84%ce%bf%cf%85%cf%81%ce%ba%ce%b9%ce%ba%ce%ae-%cf%80%ce%b1%cf%81%ce%ac%ce%bd%ce%bf%ce%b9%ce%b1-%ce%b4%ce%b5%ce%bd-%ce%b8%ce%b1-%cf%80%ce%b9%cf%83%cf%84%ce%ad%cf%88%ce%b5%cf%84%ce%b5-%cf%80%cf%8c/" rel="nofollow">Macedonian Ancestry</a>.
           Σχόλιο στο Ο Ελληνικός στρατός θα εγγυηθεί την ακεραιότητα των Σκοπίων εάν εγκαταλείψουν την παραχάραξη της ιστορίας και τον αλυτρωτισμό. από macedonianancestry       Cache   Translate Page      
Reblogged στις <a href="https://macedonianancestry.wordpress.com/2018/10/10/%ce%bf-%ce%b5%ce%bb%ce%bb%ce%b7%ce%bd%ce%b9%ce%ba%cf%8c%cf%82-%cf%83%cf%84%cf%81%ce%b1%cf%84%cf%8c%cf%82-%ce%b8%ce%b1-%ce%b5%ce%b3%ce%b3%cf%85%ce%b7%ce%b8%ce%b5%ce%af-%cf%84%ce%b7%ce%bd-%ce%b1%ce%ba/" rel="nofollow">Macedonian Ancestry</a>.
           Σχόλιο στο Δηλώσεις @PanosKammenos από το Πενταγώνο στις ΗΠΑ «Αξονας σταθερότητας της Μεσογείου η Ελλάδα-Ενεργειακός σχεδιασμός-Προκλητικότητα της Τουρκίας [ΒΙΝΤΕΟ] από macedonianancestry       Cache   Translate Page      
Reblogged στις <a href="https://macedonianancestry.wordpress.com/2018/10/10/%ce%b4%ce%b7%ce%bb%cf%8e%cf%83%ce%b5%ce%b9%cf%82-panoskammenos-%ce%b1%cf%80%cf%8c-%cf%84%ce%bf-%cf%80%ce%b5%ce%bd%cf%84%ce%b1%ce%b3%cf%8e%ce%bd%ce%bf-%cf%83%cf%84%ce%b9%cf%82-%ce%b7%cf%80%ce%b1/" rel="nofollow">Macedonian Ancestry</a>.
          Sales agents WANTED! Great Commissions! - Upwork      Cache   Translate Page      
We are looking to recruit sales agents for a long term collaboration.

We are a digital marketing agency, always looking for new small and medium-sized companies. Our specialties are: Social Media, Google GDN and AdWords, Digital Strategy, Brand Awareness, Digital Advertising, Content Production Research and Graphic Design.
Budget per project also will be discussed.
For more information we will organize an interview.

Needed: Experience in Sales or Customer Services

Budget: $500
Posted On: October 10, 2018 18:20 UTC
ID: 214420775
Category: Sales & Marketing > Other - Sales & Marketing
Skills: Facebook Marketing, Lead Generation, Sales, Sales Promotion, Social Media Marketing
Country: Macedonia
click to apply
          El escándalo que sacude al fútbol de Bélgica      Cache   Translate Page      
La Policía registró hoy las sedes de varios clubes de fútbol de la primera división de Bélgica como parte de una investigación contra el arreglo de partidos, anunció hoy la Fiscalía Federal del país. En total hubo 57 redadas en toda Europa, de las que 44 fueron en Bélgica y el resto en Francia, Luxemburgo, Chipre, Montenegro, Serbia y Macedonia.
          Macedonia: Debate on constitutional changes begins      Cache   Translate Page      
Macedonian parliament starts a debate for amending the country’s constitution in its (constitutional issues) commission on Wednesday which would rename the country’s name to North Macedonia in exchange for NATO membership.
           Club Brugge, Anderlecht and Standard Liege raided by police as part of match-fixing probe       Cache   Translate Page      
The federal prosecutor's office in Brussels has confirmed 44 raids occurred in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.
          U.S. spycraft and stealthy diplomacy expose Russian subversion in a key Balkans vote      Cache   Translate Page      

U.S. officials say they intercepted communications in June showing that Ivan Savvidis was working as Russia’s conduit to undermine an agreement between Greece and Macedonia that would have paved the way for Macedonia to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
           Macedonia: Debate on constitutional changes begins       Cache   Translate Page      
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) - Macedonia's parliamentary committee on constitutional issues has begun debating constitutional amendments required as part of a deal...
          #bulgaria - boutique_butik34      Cache   Translate Page      
#fashion #girlfashion #highstreetfashion #style #moda #toptangiyim #wholesale #elbise #dress #followus #like4follow #azarbaycan #bulgaria #moldova #ukraine #macedonia #georgia #kazakistan #kırgızistan #özbekistan #mısır #lübnan #hayırlıişler #autumn #winter #iyiakşamlar #goodevening
          #bulgaria - boutique_butik34      Cache   Translate Page      
#fashion #girlfashion #highstreetfashion #style #moda #toptangiyim #wholesale #elbise #dress #followus #like4follow #azarbaycan #bulgaria #moldova #ukraine #macedonia #georgia #kazakistan #kırgızistan #özbekistan #mısır #lübnan #hayırlıişler #autumn #winter #iyiakşamlar #goodevening
          #bulgaria - boutique_butik34      Cache   Translate Page      
#fashion #girlfashion #highstreetfashion #style #moda #toptangiyim #wholesale #elbise #dress #followus #like4follow #azarbaycan #bulgaria #moldova #ukraine #macedonia #georgia #kazakistan #kırgızistan #özbekistan #mısır #lübnan #hayırlıişler #autumn #winter #iyiakşamlar #goodevening
          #bulgaria - boutique_butik34      Cache   Translate Page      
#fashion #girlfashion #highstreetfashion #style #moda #toptangiyim #wholesale #elbise #dress #followus #like4follow #azarbaycan #bulgaria #moldova #ukraine #macedonia #georgia #kazakistan #kırgızistan #özbekistan #mısır #lübnan #hayırlıişler #autumn #winter #iyiakşamlar #goodevening
          «Η Μακεδονία απαιτεί αποζημιώσεις 3 δις ευρώ από την Ελλάδα για την κατοχή της Μακεδονίας του Αιγαίου και τη γενοκτονία του μακεδονικού λαού»      Cache   Translate Page      

Freepen.gr - Η Σκοπιανή καθηγήτρια Tanja Karakamisheva αναρωτιέται ποιος είναι ο λόγος που εμφανίζονται τόσο φοβισμένοι οι Έλληνες και τώρα φωνάζουν και πανικοβάλλονται με τη Συνθήκη των Πρεσπών.

Συγκεκριμένα, ρώτησε μέσω Facebook αν αυτό είναι το αποτέλεσμα της ανάρτησης του Todor Petrov που στο blog του στο Facebook έγραψε ότι η «Μακεδονία απαιτεί αποζημιώσεις ύψους 3 δισεκατομμυρίων ευρώ από την Ελλάδα για την κατοχή του τμήματος της Μακεδονίας του Αιγαίου, και τη γενοκτονία ετου μακεδονικού λαού καθώς επίσης την εκμετάλλευση των φυσικών και αρχαιολογικών θησαυρών από την εποχή των Βαλκανικών Πολέμων το 1912».


Ο Petrov είναι ένας εθνικιστής πολιτικός ακτιβιστής και πρόεδρος του "World Macedonian Congress (WMC)".

          L'Esercito regolare yemenita coopera con Ansarullah lanciando un profondo attacco nella Provincia di Jizan!      Cache   Translate Page      
Con l'Arabia Saudita sempre più nel Caos e in generale tutto il campo imperialista sottoposto a scossoni, a una violenta lotta interna e a una sequela apparentemente inesauribile di rovesci e sconfitte, è sempre più importante in certe realtà-chiave (Donbass, Yemen, Macedonia, Serbia...) tenere duro e, se appena possibile, cercare di portare audaci contrattacchi (militari e/o politici, a seconda della situazione) e infliggere perdite inaspettate al nemico, visto che in una situazione così critica ogni ulteriore impatto potrebbe essere quello che fa crollare l'intera marcia impalcatura.

A Sanaa un portavoce dell'Esercito regolare yemenita (raffigurato in foto) ha comunicato che
nella Provincia di Jizan un'offensiva "di commemorazione" è stata lanciata da reparti misti di Sanaa e dei Comitati Popolari di Ansarullah nel secondo anniversario di una strage particolarmente dolorosa inflitta dai Sauditi col bombardamento aereo di un salone per cerimonie funebri.

Tra i risultati dell'azione possiamo menzionare:

-diversi villaggi conquistati
-perdite ingenti, materiali e umane, per le forze saudite
-tre droni sauditi abbattuti
-tentativi sauditi di riprendere il terreno perduto, respinti con ulteriori perdite.



          FYROM army officers fire warning shots to stop migrants at Greek border      Cache   Translate Page      

An army patrol of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia reportedly fired warning shots in the air at the country's border with Greece on Wednesday to stop a group of migrants from crossing it, MIA news agency reported.




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