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          Tuesday's papers: Politicians vow to tackle warming, MEPs take on golden passports, new Vitamin D doses      Cache   Translate Page      

Daily Helsingin Sanomat continues coverage of Finnish reaction to Monday's IPCC climate report, which calls for a "rapid and far-reaching" global response to climate change, as "warming of 1.5°C or higher increases the risk associated with long-lasting or irreversible changes". The paper called the leaders of each of the parliamentary political parties in Finland to ask them what they plan to do.

HS notes that each of the decision-makers they contacted admitted that the onus was now on them. Finns Party chair Jussi Halla-aho said "The solution is in the hands of our country's leaders, not the regular people."

His polar opposite on Finland's political scale, Left Alliance chair Li Andersson agreed. She told the paper that although everyone's individual effort is important, "the IPCC message today speaks of the need for sizeable emissions reductions and measures that will extend to many areas, so we need to make political decisions without delay."

But the common ground ended there, because while Andersson says Finland should relinquish its reliance on peat and stop harvesting the trees in its forests, Halla-aho does not agree.

Acting Green Party chair Maria Ohisalo says she has the impression that Finnish people have long been frustrated with Finnish politicians dragging their feet on climate issues. She and Social Democrat Chair Antti Rinne agree that all is not lost, however, for as Rinne says, "We can make it happen, if we can find the political will." As a start, he proposes introducing incentives to get Finland's 200,000 homes that are still heated with oil to switch to geothermal.

Swedish People's Party chair Anna-Maja Henriksson tells the paper that "It is not necessary to eat meat every day", and Christian Democrat head Sari Essayah advises that everyone adopt a more "moderate lifestyle" when it comes to consumption. Centre-right National Coalition Party chair Petteri Orpo says it is now on Finnish decision-makers to make decisions that will assist people to make the right decisions, like making low-emission cars more readily available.

Prime Minister and Centre Party chair Juha Sipilä announced on Monday that he would be asking each of the parliamentary parties to a round-table discussion on the issue in November. "The goal is to forge a common understanding on Finland's climate change policy that is as broad as possible," he wrote in his blog, the paper reports.

MEPs demand common passport-issuing standards

The tabloid Iltalehti continues with a story from the Uutissuomalainen news service on so-called "golden passports", and a new poll that indicates that all 13 of Finland's Europarliamentarians want to crack down on the practice.

While over a dozen countries in Europe – the UK included – currently issue permanent residency "golden visas" to individuals who invest money in their country, some EU states like Malta and Cyprus go one step further and also offer citizenship.

The Finnish MEPs say that golden passports often lead to corruption and money laundering in Europe, and should therefore be monitored closely under joint game rules, such as more transparent criteria for application. The EU politicians from Finland say that the EU cannot address the problem adequately at present because each country is free to arrange the process independently.

Green Party MEP Heidi Hautala tells IL that the European Commission is currently considering a directive to give banks more authority in such matters, but Finland is at present one of the EU countries most opposed to the idea. She says Finland should "take a good look in the mirror", the tabloid reports.

Preliminary investigation into a suspected international money laundering scheme earlier this month found that the main suspect in the case, a Russian-born owner of the Airiston Helmi real estate firm, was in possession of a golden passport from Malta.

New Vitamin D recommendation for infants

And then to the Joensuu-based newspaper Karjalainen that carries an article on new Vitamin D supplement recommendations for children under one year of age in Finland.

A new EU directive on Vitamin D content in infant formula has led to an update of Finland's Vitamin D recommendations for babies in Finland, with different supplement doses determined on a case-by-case basis in future, depending on whether the infant is breastfed, drinks formula or ingests other vitamin-fortified products or formulas.

For babies that are entirely breastfed, the recommended supplement will be 10 micrograms per day. But for babies that also drink infant formula, this daily recommended dose will drop to 6 or 2 micrograms per day, depending on the amount of formula or other products in use.

Karjalainen writes that Vitamin D supplement products that comply with the new recommendations will be available in Finland's stores yet this autumn.


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          Ανανέωση συνεργασίας με την εταιρία «Krypto Security»      Cache   Translate Page      

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          About the Jewish Sabbath #2      Cache   Translate Page      

What did the first Christians believe about the Sabbath day? Did the first Gentile Christians see this important issue differently from the Jewish Christians of that era? An unusual group of Christians developed quite early in a town called Antioch in Syria, near the coast. The church came into existence when some Jews from Cyprus fled there after the big persecution described in Acts 8. They spoke to the Greeks about the gospel and the result was one of the most forward-looking churches of those early days. They were the missionary church while the Jerusalem gang were sort of stuck in the mud.

Meanwhile, Christ calls Saul of Tarsus into his service completely apart from the Jerusalem establishment. He didn't even consult them about it. His commission included rather more than what most of the apostles had grappled with up until now. You may remember the story. Saul was struck blind on the road to Damascus. He laid three days fasting and praying, unable to see a thing. The Lord sent a disciple named Ananias to go to him. Ananias, knowing Saul's reputation, was hesitant but the Lord said “Get on down there, he is a chosen vessel unto me to bear my name before the Gentiles and kings and the children of Israel.”

So the Gentiles were about to surge into the future of the church and soon would outnumber the Jews. Saul (now called Paul) hits the evangelism trail along with Barnabas. Now here is my question: We're wondering about how the first Christians responded to, looked at, believed concerning the Jewish Sabbath day? Was something about to change? Had something already taken place? And what would the Sabbath mean to the new converts coming into the church? Let's begin with the account of when Paul and Barnabas paid a visit to those pioneering Christians in Antioch. We'll find it in Acts, chapter 13.


           State Department quietly shutters questionable $70 million Cyprus base      Cache   Translate Page      
Over nearly four years the State Department spent some $70 million on a Mediterranean air base that a new government report says served little clear purpose.
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          But at least – try it out      Cache   Translate Page      
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Ahead of a meeting Tuesday with Greek Defense Minister Panos Kammenos, US Defense Secretary James Mattis praised Greece as a “solid” and “excellent” ally and described Souda Bay base on the island of Crete as “one of our most important ports of call in the Mediterranean.”


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Greek foreign policy is dictated by a sense of “responsibility and confidence” and the country's will to resolve tensions with Turkey should not be viewed as a sign of weakness, Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias reportedly told Egyptian newspaper Al Ahram, ahead of the tripartite summit with Egypt and Cyprus in Crete on Wednesday.


          The Hobo Guide to Wild Camping in Europe      Cache   Translate Page      

I’m camping in Europe at the moment. Pitching my tent at rest stops, in the mountains and inconspicuously behind bushes on private land. I’m camping because there are some day hikes I can’t bear to leave after only a few hours. I want to wake up in the fog and sleep amongst all the creatures that explore the land at night. I’m also doing it to stretch the little money I flew to Europe with.

Each country has its own laws when it comes to wild camping. Here’s a list, but please do your own research if you’re really concerned.

Wild camping is legal in: Sweden, Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bosnia, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Slovakia, Turkey, Ukraine, Scotland

Wild camping is a bit of a grey area in: France, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech, Hungary, Moldova, Netherlands, Romania, Serbia, Switzerland

Wild camping is totally illegal in: Italy, Aldorra, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain (they’re really complicated), England, Wales

However, if you’re setting up shop just to rest your head for the night, camping is generally permissible. Pitch at dark and leave in the morning and nobody’s going to bat an eyelid, especially if you’re out of sight. How many times do you drive on a highway or pass a mountain and look for a tent? Worst case scenario: plead ignorance. You’re a tourist.

Here are my packing essentials:

1. A tent

If you’re heading over in summer, you can probably get away with a festival tent, especially if you’ve got some cash in the bank to splurge on accommodation when there’s a stormy night. I use a lightweight two-person Vango Bravo 200, because I need something I can carry on my back with the rest of my stuff that can also accommodate a mate, should I meet one on my journey.

If you’re wild camping, especially in places where wild camping is considered illegal or a grey area, maybe invest in something a little more inconspicuous than the blue one I’ve gone for. You can spot that baby from a mile away.

...


          10/10/2018: NATION: Ice found in suitcase      Cache   Translate Page      
MILLIONS of dollars worth of methamphetamines have been found in a suitcase lining at Sydney’s international airport. A 47-year-old man from Cyprus was arrested and charged after about 4kg of the crystalline substance was detected by an X-ray machine...
          European Commission: Turkey must respect Cyprus’ sovereign rights to drill in its EEZ      Cache   Translate Page      

The Commission spokesman was asked to comment on recent threats Turkey has issued against Cyprus & foreign companies planning to drill in the island’s EEZ


          IMF upgrades Cyprus’ growth projection      Cache   Translate Page      

In 2017 the Cypriot economy grew by 3.9 percent


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Λινοβάμβακοι ή Λινοπάμπατζοι στην κυπριακή διάλεκτο, είναι μια από τις ονομασίες, ή πιο διαδεδομένη, με την οποία είναι γνωστοί στην Κύπρο οι κρυπτοχριστιανοί από την εποχή της Τουρκοκρατίας μέχρι σήμερα. Η ονομασία αναφέρεται στη διπλή ιδιότητα των κρυπτοχριστιανών, οι οποίοι ήσαν Χριστιανοί στα κρυφά και Μουσουλμάνοι στα φανερά, κατ΄αναλογία προς ένα ύφασμα που είχε δυο όψεις, μια από λινό και μια από βαμβάκι.




Του Β. Χριστοδούλου
Πηγή: Μεγάλη Κυπριακή Εγκυκλοπαίδεια
Μεταφέρθηκε στο διαδίκτυο από NOCTOC

Άλλες ονομασίες των Λινοβαμβάκων στην Κύπρο είναι οι εξής:
α) Αποστολικοί ή Αποστολιτζοί, πιθανόν κατ' αναλογία προς μια ποικιλία ελιάς που είναι γνωστή στη Κύπρο ως «αποστολιτζής» και που συνδυάζει τις τόσο της ήμερης όσο και της άγριας ελιάς.
β) Μεσοκκέρτη(δ)ες ή Μισοκκέρτη(δ)ες ή Μισοκκέττη(δ)ες, που σημαίνει τους ανθρώπους με ασταθή χαρακτήρα,
γ) Πάτσαλοι, δηλαδή παρδαλοί, ασπρόμαυροι ή δίχρωμοι, και
δ) Λουρουτζιάτες, Τήλλυροι, κ. ά., επειδή στη Λουρουτζίνα και στη περιοχή της Τηλλυρίας υπήρχαν Λινοβάμβακοι.

Η ύπαρξη Λινοβαμβάκων στην Κύπρο σχετίζεται με πολλές και σημαντικές πτυχές της κυπριακής ιστορίας από την Τουρκοκρατία μέχρι την εποχή μας. Έχει άμεση σχέση με τις κοινωνικές συνθήκες που επικράτησαν στην Κύπρο κατά την περίοδο αυτή, με τις περιπέτειες του νησιού μας, με την καταγωγή των Τουρκοκυπρίων, με τη δημογραφική και εθνολογική κατανομή του πληθυσμού, με τις σχέσεις Ελληνοκυπρίων και Τουρκοκυπρίων, ακόμη και με ορισμένες πτυχές του Κυπριακού προβλήματος.


Συστηματική μελέτη των Λινοβαμβάκων, ενώ ακόμη υπήρχαν οι δυνατότητες να γίνει, δεν έγινε στο βαθμό που η σημασία του θέματος, όπως δείχτηκε αργότερα, απαιτούσε. Αναφορές και πληροφορίες υπάρχουν σε αρκετές πηγές, τόσο στα έργα Ευρωπαίων ταξιδιωτών στους Αγίους Τόπους, που περνούσαν από την Κύπρο, όσο και σε άλλους συγγραφείς του 19ου αιώνα και των αρχών του 20ού. Μια πρώτη ενδιαφέρουσα περιγραφή των χαρακτηριστικών των Λινοβαμβάκων και της ιδιοτυπίας τους μέσα στην κυπριακή κοινωνία έκαμε ο Άγγλος διοικητής Λεμεσού Ronald L.N. Michell το 1908 με τη μελέτη του «A Muslim Christian Sect in Cyprus», που τη δημοσίευσε στο αγγλικό περιοδικό The Nineteenth Century and After LXI-II, (1908), σσ. 751 -762. Το θέμα όμως, όπως και η σημασία της ύπαρξης των Λινοβαμβάκων, έμειναν για πολλά χρόνια υποτονισμένα ή παραμελημένα από την ελληνική επιστημονική έρευνα, Στις τελευταίες δεκαετίες η έξαρση του Κυπριακού ζητήματος από τη μια και η ανάπτυξη των κυπριακών σπουδών από την άλλη έστρεψαν την προσοχή προς μια συστηματικότερη αντίκρυση του θέματος. Έτσι έχουμε μερικές αξιόλογες και ενδιαφέρουσες εργασίες Κυπρίων ερευνητών και μελετητών, οι οποίοι, προσπαθώντας να φωτίσουν τη σκοτεινή σε πολλά σημεία περίοδο της Τουρκοκρατίας, τη δημογραφική εξέλιξη του κυπριακού λαού, την καταγωγή των Τουρκοκυπρίων και άλλες πτυχές της ιστορίας μας, αξιολόγησαν και ερμήνευσαν σωστά τις σκόρπιες και λιγοστές πληροφορίες που υπάρχουν. Πολλά όμως μπορούν ακόμη να έλθουν στο φως από περαιτέρω έρευνα και μελέτη των αρχειακών και άλλων πηγών της νεότερης κυπριακής ιστορίας.


Προέλευση των Λινοβαμβάκων

Είναι γνωστό ότι η παρουσία κρυπτοχριστιανών στην Κύπρο κατά την περίοδο της Τουρκοκρατίας δεν αποτελεί μοναδικό φαινόμενο. Σ' όλες τις χριστιανικές χώρες, που κατακτήθηκαν από τους Μωαμεθανούς, παρατηρήθηκε, σε μικρότερη ή μεγαλύτερη κλίμακα, ο βίαιος εξισλαμισμός κατοίκων με διάφορες μεθόδους: με το παιδομάζωμα, χιλιάδες Χριστιανών αγοριών αρπάζονταν από τις οικογένειές τους, για να μετατραπούν σε γενίτσαρους· με την αρπαγή γυναικών για τα χαρέμια των πασάδων και των αγάδων, πολλές Χριστιανές εξισλαμίζονταν με την απειλή της καταστροφής, της οικονομικής αφαίμαξης ή του εκτοπισμού, ολόκληρες οικογένειες ή χωριά αναγκάζονταν να εξισλαμιστούν, για να αποφύγουν μια βαριά τιμωρία ή μια βαριά φορολογία, που δεν ήταν σε θέση να πληρώσουν.

Κοντά σ' αυτούς του βίαιους εξισλαμισμούς υπήρχαν και οι «εκούσιοι», που στην ουσία και αυτοί δεν μπορεί να ήσαν πραγματικά εκούσιοι - εκτός ίσως μερικών εξαιρέσεων- αλλά αποτέλεσμα ηθικής κάμψης μπροστά στις εξουθενωτικές συνθήκες που προκαλούσε η οθωμανική κατάκτηση με τη μετατροπή ελεύθερων ανθρώπων ή γενικά ανθρώπων, που άλλοτε είχαν ευτυχήσει ή πλουτίσει ή ζήσει σε ανεκτές συνθήκες, σε δούλους και κατατρεγμένους. Έτσι άτομα ή οικογένειες εγκατέλειπαν τη θρησκεία τους και ασπάζονταν τη θρησκεία των κατακτητών τους, για να διατηρήσουν τις περιουσίες τους ή τα προνόμιά τους, ή για να εξασφαλίσουν πλεονεκτήματα που απολάμβανε η άρχουσα μουσουλμανική τάξη μέσα στην Οθωμανική αυτοκρατορία.

Η αποστασία από τον Χριστιανισμό, εφόσον δεν γινόταν για λόγους συνειδήσεως, αλλά για λόγους ανάγκης, οδηγούσε ως επί το πλείστον σ' έναν εξωτερικό συμβιβασμό των ανθρώπων, όχι όμως και στην πλήρη ένταξη και αφομοίωσή τους στη νέα τους θρησκευτική και αργότερα - με την ανάπτυξη του εθνικισμού- και εθνική κοινότητα. Έτσι, ενώ εμφανίζονταν κατά τύπους ως Μουσουλμάνοι και τηρούσαν τις θρησκευτικές υποχρεώσεις των Μουσουλμάνων, παρέμεναν κατά βάθος Χριστιανοί και στα κρυφά τηρούσαν τις θρησκευτικές υποχρεώσεις των Χριστιανών. Ταυτόχρονα διατηρούσαν, όσο μπορούσαν, τις συνήθειες και τις παραδόσεις του λαού, από τον οποίο προέρχονταν καθώς επίσης και τη μητρική τους γλώσσα.

Για την Κύπρου υπάρχουν πολλές μαρτυρίες, ότι γίνονταν εξισλαμισμοί καθ' όλη τη διάρκεια της Τουρκοκρατίας. Ήδη από τα πρώτα χρόνια της οθωμανικής κατοχής ένας άγνωστος αριθμός κατοίκων του νησιού - Έλληνες, Φράγκοι, Βενετσιάνοι, και άλλοι -αναφέρεται ότι εξισλαμίσθηκαν είτε για να διατηρήσουν τις περιουσίες τους ή τις θέσεις τους στη διοίκηση, είτε για άλλους λόγους. Με αυτούς τους εξισλαμισμούς άρχισε να ενισχύεται αριθμητικά η πρώτη μουσουλμανική κοινότητα που εγκαταστάθηκε στην Κύπρο μετά την κατάληψή της από τους Μωαμεθανούς το 1570 -71. Τον αρχικό πυρήνα αυτής της κοινότητας είχαν αποτελέσει 2-3 χιλιάδες Μουσουλμάνων στρατιωτών, που έμειναν στην Κύπρο μετά την κατάκτησή της. Ότι οι εξισλαμισθέντες Χριστιανοί της Κύπρου είχαν ασπασθεί τη νέα τους θρησκεία εξωτερικά μόνο και ότι κατά βάθος παρέμεναν Χριστιανοί, αποδεικνύεται από το γεγονός ότι συνωμοτούσαν μαζί με τους Έλληνες και άλλους Χριστιανούς κατοίκους του νησιού και συνεργάζονταν με Ευρωπαίους ηγεμόνες για να εξεγερθούν - και να αποτινάξουν τον τουρκικό ζυγό, οπότε και θα επανέρχονταν στην πατρογονική τους θρησκεία. Σύμφωνα με τη μαρτυρία του Girolamo Dandini, ο οποίος επισκέφθηκε την Κύπρο το 1596 - 7, υπήρχαν 12 - 13 χιλιάδες Τούρκων στο νησί. «Οι περισσότεροι απ' αυτούς», έγραψε ο Dandini, «είναι αποστάτες, οι οποίοι ασπάσθηκαν το Ισλάμ, για να απολαμβάνουν μεγαλύτερη ησυχία... Μόλις αυτοί οι αποστάτες δουν ένα χριστιανικό στρατό θα πετάξουν το τουρμπάνι και θα ξαναφορέσουν το καπέλο και θα στρέψουν τα όπλα τους εναντίον του Τούρκου» (Excerpta Cypria, σ, 182).

Για διάφορους λόγους η μέρα της αποτίναξης του τουρκικού ζυγού ολοένα και απομακρυνόταν από τον ορίζοντα της Κύπρου, ενώ η τουρκική διοίκηση γινόταν περισσότερο καταπιεστική και οι κοινωνικές συνθήκες δυσμενέστερες για τους ραγιάδες Κυπρίους. Μέσα σ' αυτό το κλίμα παρατηρήθηκε και μια συνεχής κάμψη της αριθμητικής δύναμης των Ελληνοκυπρίων και μια ανάλογη αύξηση της μουσουλμανικής κοινότητας. Το 1670 ο Hurtrel δίνει την πληροφορία (Excerpta Cypria, σ. 223, ότι πάρα πολλοί Έλληνες και άλλοι Χριστιανοί κάτοικοι της Κύπρου, επειδή δεν μπορούσαν να υποφέρουν περισσότερο την τουρκική τυραννία, επιθυμούσαν να αλλαξοπιστήσουν, αλλά πολλοί δεν γίνονταν αποδεκτοί, γιατί η φορολογία - προφανώς ο κεφαλικός φόρος που επιβαλλόταν ειδικά στους ραγιάδες - θα μειωνόταν αναλόγως.

Εξισλαμισμοί μαρτυρούνται σε διάφορες χρονολογίες, ιδιαίτερα σε εποχές οικονομικών κρίσεων, εσωτερικών αναστατώσεων και κακών διοικητών. Το 1815 ο Άγγλος περιηγητής William Turner πρόσεξε πως πολλοί Τούρκοι της Κύπρου στην πραγματικότητα ήσαν κρυπτοχριστιανοί. «Οι Τούρκοι της Κύπρου», έγραψε, «είναι στην πραγματικότητα οι πιο ήμεροι στην Ανατολή. Πολλοί, που παρουσιάζονται ως Μουσουλμάνοι, είναι στα κρυφά Έλληνες και τηρούν στα κρυφά όλες τις πολυάριθμες νηστείες εκείνης της Εκκλησίας. Όλοι πίνουν κρασί ελεύθερα και πολλοί απ' αυτούς τρώνε στα κρυφά χοιρινό κρέας χωρίς τύψη, πράγμα ανήκουστο στην Τουρκία. Συχνά νυμφεύονται Ελληνίδες του νησιού» (Excerpta Cypria, σ, 449). Το 1821 με τις σφαγές της 9ης Ιουλίου, συνέβησαν εξισλαμισμοί σε μεγαλύτερη κλίμακα («πολλούς ετούρκισαν», αναφέρει χρονογραφικό σημείωμα της εποχής: Κυπριακά Χρονικά, Η' [1931], σ. 85). σποραδικά δε αναφέρονται ως τα τελευταία χρόνια της Τουρκοκρατίας.

Από το 1839 και ιδιαίτερα από το 1856 και μετά, κατά την περίοδο των μεταρρυθμίσεων του Tanzmat στην Οθωμανική αυτοκρατορία, η τύχη των Χριστιανών υπηκόων άρχισε κάπως να βελτιώνεται. Στην Κύπρο η παρουσία Ευρωπαίων προξένων στην Λάρνακα και υποπροξένων στη Λευκωσία και τη Λεμεσό ασκούσε κάποιαν αποτρεπτικήν επίδραση στους βίαιους εξισλαμισμούς Χριστιανών και επίσης ενεθάρρυνε μερικούς Λινοβάμβακους να επανέλθουν στην πατρώα θρησκεία, παρά τους κινδύνους που συνόδευαν μια τέτοια απόφασή τους. Γενικά όμως ένας πολύ μεγάλος αριθμός Λινοβαμβάκων διατηρείτο ως το τέλος της Τουρκοκρατίας - και επί Αγγλοκρατίας - στην ιδιότυπη εκείνη θρησκευτική, εθνική και κοινωνική κατάσταση.

Η αγγλική κατοχή της Κύπρου το 1878 δημιούργησε εντελώς νέες καταστάσεις για όλους τους κατοίκους του νησιού και φυσικά και για τους κατοίκους του νησιού και φυσικά και για τους Λιναβαμβάκους. Για ένα διάστημα, από το 1878 ως το 1914 που έγινε η προσάρτηση της Κύπρου από την Αγγλία, η αγγλική κατοχή, σύμφωνα με την Αγγλοτουρκική Σύμβαση της 4.6. 1878, είχε προσωρινό χαρακτήρα. Η Κύπρος θα επιστρεφόταν στον σουλτάνο, αν η Ρωσία επέστρεφε στην Οθωμανική αυτοκρατορία τις περιοχές που είχε καταλάβει στον Καύκασο κατά τη διάρκεια του Ρωσοτουρκικού πολέμου του 1877 -78. Ο όρος αυτός συνετέλεσε, ώστε να υπάρχει πολλή αβεβαιότητα σχετικά με την παραμονή της Αγγλίας στην Κύπρο και να ανακοπούν σε μεγάλο βαθμό τα μεγαλόπνοα σχέδια, που είχαν εξαγγελθεί το 1878 από την κυβέρνηση Disraeli για τη γρήγορη ανάπτυξη της Κύπρου. Επί πλέον η συνέχιση σε πολλά θέματα της οθωμανικής διοικητικής παράδοσης στη νομοθεσία, στη φορολογία, στην τοπική διοίκηση και σ' άλλους θεσμούς, ενίσχυε την εντύπωση ότι η αγγλική κατοχή δεν θα είχε μόνιμο χαρακτήρα. Κάτω απ΄αυτές τις συνθήκες ήταν επόμενο ότι πολλοί Λινοβάμβακοι θα δίσταζαν να επανέλθουν μαζικά στον Χριστιανισμό και θα προτιμούσαν να ζουν ανάμεσα στις δυο θρησκείες παρακολουθώντας την εξέλιξη των πραγμάτων.

Έτσι κατά τα πρώτα χρόνια της Αγγλοκρατίας παρατηρήθηκε η επιστροφή Λινοβαμβάκων στην πατρώα θρησκεία, σε περιορισμένη πάντως κλίμακα, είτε μεμονωμένων ατόμων, είτε ολόκληρων οικογενειών και σε 2 -3 περιπτώσεις και ολόκληρων χωριών: βλέπε παραδείγματα στην εφημερίδα Νέον Κίτιον, αρ 19, 45, 79, 81, 91, 92, 94 (1879 - 81), στην Αλήθεια, αρ. 211, 5/17 Ιαν. 1885, και αρ. 229, 11/23 Μαΐου 1885. Επίσης Accounts and Papers, LHI, (1884 -85) (C. 4264), σ. 13. 1. K. Περιστιάνη, Ιστορία των Ελληνικών Γραμμάτων εν Κύπρω από της Τουρκικής κατακτήσεως μέχρι της Αγγλικής κατοχής (1571 -1878), εν Λευκοσία, 1931, σσ. 276-7. Π.Μ Σαμαρά. Η ελληνική καταγωγή των Τουρκοκυπρίων, Αθήνα, 1987, σσ. 24 - 6. Ιδιαίτερη δράση για επιστροφή των Λινοβαμβάκων στους κόλπους της χριστιανικής Εκκλησίας ανέπτυξε κατά τη περίοδο αυτή ο επίσκοπος Κυρηνείας Χρύσανθος σ΄ολόκληρη την επαρχία του και κυρίως στην Τυλλυρία, ιδρύοντας σχολεία και (επανα)βαπτίζοντας Λινοβάμβακους. Σύμφωνα με τον ανταποκριτή του Νέου Κιτίου (Β' αρ. 81. 9/21 Ιανουαρίου 1881, σσ. 7-8), ο Χρύσανθος κατά την περιοδεία του ίδρυσε 4 νέα σχολεία, ένα από τα οποία στην Τηλλυρία. «Το μέρος τούτο», συνεχίζει ο ανταποκριτής, «ως γνωστόν, κατοικούμενον υπό των καλούμενων Λινοβαμβάκων, διατελεί, ούτος ειπείν, απομεμονωμένον της λοιπής Νήσου και οι κάτοικοι αυτού ενώ φέρουσι Μωαμεθανικά ονόματα, ούχ ήττον βαπτίζουσιν ορθοδόξως τα τέκνα των καιι σέβονται τας εικόνας. Είναι εξ εικείνων, οίτινες κατά την φοβεράν του είκοσι ένα εποχήν υπεχρεώθησαν ν' ασπασθώσι τον Μωαμεθανισμόν και μετά ταύτα φοβούμενοι πάντα την κρατούσαν φυλήν δεν ετόλμων παρρησία να επανέλθωσιν εις την πίστην των πατέρων των. Σήμερον όμως, ότε ο φανατισμός των Τούρκων ουδέν πλέον σημαίνει ενταύθα και έκαστος είναι ελεύθερος να πιστεύη ο,τι θέλει, αναγκαιότατον αποβαίνει να ποτισθώσιν οι δυστυχείς εκείνοι εκ των Ελληνικών ναμάτων και να ενθαρρυνθώσιν ειις την ομολογίαν της πίστης των».

Την ανάγκη επανόδου των Λινοβαμβάκων στην πατρώα θρησκεία δεν αντιλαμβάνονταν όλοι όπως ο επίσκοπος Χρύσανθος. Υπήρχαν και άλλοι που τους θεωρούσαν περιφρονητικά σαν αποστάτες ή σαν δειλούς και ασταθείς ανθρώπους, που δεν θα γίνονταν πραγματικά πιστοί Χριστιανοί. Επίσης δεν μπορούσαν πολλοί τότε να αντιληφθούν τον ρόλο, που θα διαδραμάτιζε στις κυπριακές εξελίξεις μια μουσουλμανική κοινότητα ενισχυμένη αριθμητικά από ένα σημαντικό ποσοστό Λινοβαμβάκων. Γι' αυτό παραμελήθηκε η προσπάθεια επανευαγγελισμού των Λινοβαμβάκων, τη στιγμή που άλλοι παράγοντες είχαν αρχίσει να επενεργούν αρνητικά εις βάρος της Ορθοδόξου Εκκλησίας. Ένας παράγοντας ήταν το ενδιαφέρον της Καθολικής Εκκλησίας, η οποία, πιστεύοντας ότι ένα ποσοστό των Λινοβαμβάκων είλκε την καταγωγή του από Καθολικούς Χριστιανούς που είχαν εξισλαμισθεί, ανέπτυξε κατά τα πρώτα χρόνια της Αγγλοκρατίας συστηματική προσπάθεια με κάποιον ιερέα ονόματι Calestino για προσηλυτισμό Λινοβαμβάκων ορισμένων χωριών της επαρχίας Λεμεσού. Τα αποτελέσματα της προσπάθειας εκείνης ήσαν περιορισμένα (Κ.Α. Πιλαβάκη, Η Λεμεσός σ΄άλλους Καιρούς, Λεμεσός, 1977, σ. 205).

Ένας δεύτερος και πολύ σημαντικότερος παράγοντας ήταν η ανάπτυξη του εθνικισμού ανάμεσα στους Ελληνοκυπρίους και τους Τουρκοκυπρίους μέσω της θρησκείας και κυρίως μέσω της παιδείας. η ίδρυση τουρκικών σχολείων σε χωριά, όπου οι κάτοικοι ήσαν «Μουσουλμάνοι», αλλά ελληνόφωνοι κρυπτοχριστιανοί, όπως για παράδειγμα στη Λουρουτζίνα, τη Γαληνόπωρνη και αλλού, και σ' άλλα μουσουλμανικά ή μεικτά χωριά που είχαν Λινοβάμβακους, και η απαγόρευση σ΄αυτούς από τους δασκάλους και τους χότζες να μιλούν ελληνικά, οδήγησε σιγά -σιγά στην απορρόφηση πολλών Λινοβαμβάκων από τη μουσουλμανική θρησκεία και κοινότητα. Στα χρόνια που ακολούθησαν οι στενές και αρμονικές σχέσεις ανάμεσα στις δυο εθνικές κοινότητες του νησιού διαταράχθηκαν σημαντικά και εξαιτίας των διαφορετικών εθνικών προσανατολισμών τους και της διαιρετικής πολιτικής των Άγγλων κατακτητών και των αποσχιστικών ενεργειών της τουρκοκυπριακής ηγεσίας, Τα γεγονότα που διαδραματίστηκαν στην Κύπρο κατά τα τελευταία 40-50 χρόνια, και που σχετίζονται με την τελευταία φάση του Κυπριακού ζητήματος, προκάλεσαν, ανάμεσα σ' άλλα, και τη διασάλευση των παραδοσιακών συνθηκών και σχέσεων μεταξύ Ελληνοκυπρίων και Τουρκοκυπρίων. Οι Λινοβάμβακοι είχαν ήδη ενταχθεί στη μουσουλμανική κοινότητα και από γενεά σε γενεά προχωρούσε ο αφομοίωσή τους. Η τουρκική εισβολή του 1974, που είχε σαν αποτέλεσμα την εκδίωξη των Ελληνοκυπρίων από τα καταληφθέντα εδάφη και τη μεταφορά των Τουρκοκυπρίων από τις ελεύθερες στα κατεχόμενα εδάφη, επέβαλε με τη βία των όπλων ένα παράνομο εδαφικό, πολιτικό, οικονομικό και κοινωνικό διαχωρισμό των δυο εθνικών κοινοτήτων του κυπριακού λαού.
Επιπλέον επιχειρείται εθνολογική αλλοίωση με τη μεταφορά κι εγκατάσταση στην Κύπρο δεκάδων χιλιάδων Τούρκων εποίκων από την Ανατολία. Κάτω από αυτές τις συνθήκες η παλαιότερη γενεά Λινοβαμβάκων, που φέρονται ως Μουσουλμάνοι Τουρκοκύπριοι, επιβιώνει όπως και επί Τουρκοκρατίας με τον ίδιο όπως και τότε τρόπο, ίσως μάλιστα κάτω από δυσμενέστερες συνθήκες. Και σήμερα ακόμη πρέπει να υπάρχει ένας αριθμός κρυπτοχριστιανών Λινοβαμβάκων, που δεν ξεχνούν την πατρική τους θρησκεία και γλώσσα και μερικοί απ΄αυτούς ανάβουν μια λαμπάδα ή ένα κερί στο κατεχόμενο μοναστήρι του Αποστόλου Ανδρέα ή βλέπουν με θλίψη τις βεβηλωμένες εκκλησίες στις τουρκοκρατούμενες περιοχές.

Αριθμητική δύναμη των Λινοβαμβάκων

Ακριβή στοιχεία για την αριθμητική δύναμη των Λινοβαμβάκων κατά τον 19ο και 20ό αιώνα, όπως και κατά τους πρώτους αιώνες της Τουρκοκρατίας, δεν υπάρχουν. Υπάρχουν μόνο ορισμένοι υπολογισμοί, που διαφέρουν σημαντικά μεταξύ τους. Ο Έλληνας πρόξενος στη Λάρνακα Γ.Σ. Μενάρδος το 1860 υπολόγισε τους Λινοβάμβακους σε 10 με 15 χιλιάδες σε σύνολο 45.000 Μουσουλμάνων (Π. Μ. Σαμαρά, ενθ. αν., σ. 21). Αντίθετα ο πρόξενος της Αμερικής στη Λάρνακα L. Palma di Cesnola μιλώντας προφανώς για την τελευταία δεκαετία της οθωμανικής περιόδου, δίνει την πληροφορία, ότι οι Λινοβάμβακοι δεν αριθμούσαν πάνω από 1.200 και ότι κατοικούσαν κυρίως κοντά στις πόλεις της Λευκωσίας, της Αμμοχώστου και της Λεμεσού (Cyprus: Its Ancient Cities, Tombs, and Temples, London. 1877, σ. 185). Τον ίδιο αριθμό δίνει και η Esme Scott-Stevenson (Our Home in Cyprus, 2nd ed., London, 1880, a. 308), ενώ ο Sir Samuel Baker, που επισκέφθηκε την Κύπρο το 1879 τους ανεβάζει στους 1.500 (Cyprus as I saw it in 1879, London, 1879, σ. 323). Επειδή είναι σήμερα γνωστό ότι οι Λινοβάμβακοι ζούσαν σε πολλές περιοχές της Κύπρου, από την Πάφο ως την Καρπασία, και ότι δεν ήταν εύκολο να προσδιοριστεί ο αριθμός τους, γιατί σε καμιά απογραφή πληθυσμού δεν δηλώνονταν ως Λινοβάμβακοι, αλλά ως Μουσουλμάνοι, είναι βέβαιο ότι οι αριθμοί 1.200 και 1.500 είναι απλή εικασία και πολύ κατώτεροι του πιθανού. Το 1879 εξ άλλου, μας δίνεται ακόμη μια πληροφορία από τον Έλληνα πρόξενο Η. Βασιλειάδη ότι οι Λινοβάμβακοι ανέρχονταν σε 20.000 από σύνολο 45.000 Μουσουλμάνων (Π. Μ. Σαμαρά, ενθ. αν., σ.σ. 21,25). Το 1902, ύστερα από 24 χρόνια αγγλικής κατοχής, οπότε ένας απροσδιόριστος αριθμός Λινοβαμβάκων επέστρεψαν στην πατρική τους θρησκεία, υπολογίστηκαν από τη Καθολική Propaganda Fide σε 10.000. Όπως έχει παρατηρηθεί (Th. Papadopoullos, Social and Historical Data on Population, 1570-1881, Nicosia, 1965, σ. 83 σημ.) και μόνο 10. 000 Λινοβάμβακοι αν υπήρχαν κατά τη μεταβίβαση της Κύπρου από την Τουρκία στην Αγγλία, θα αποτελούσαν το 22% του μουσουλμανικού πληθυσμού της Κύπρου. Σύμφωνα με τα πιο πάνω, αλλά και από άλλες ενδείξεις και στοιχεία, οι υπολογισμοί του Μενάνδρου και του Βασιλειάδη είναι πιθανόν οι πλησιέστεροι προς την πραγματική αριθμητική δύναμη των Λινοβαμβάκων επί Τουρκοκρατίας και τις πρώτες δεκαετίες της Αγγλοκρατίας.

Ορισμένα άλλα στοιχεία είναι πολύ ενδεικτικά για την διάδοση του λινοβαμβακισμού μεταξύ των Μουσουλμάνων κατοίκων της Κύπρου. Τα στοιχεία αυτά είναι: (α) η ευρύτατη διάδοση της ελληνικής γλώσσας μεταξύ των Τουρκοκυπρίων και (β) οι χριστιανικές, ελληνικές ή τοπικές, μη μουσουλμανικές, ονομασίες μεγάλου αριθμού μουσουλμανικών ή μεικτών μεν, αλλά με μουσουλμανική πλειονότητα κυπριακών χωριών.

Η χρησιμοποίηση της ελληνικής γλώσσας από ένα πολύ μεγάλο ποσοστό Μουσουλμάνων Κυπρίων μέχρι την εποχή μας, είναι φαινόμενο ανάλογο με εκείνο της Κρήτης επί Τουρκοκρατίας. Ίσως η μόνη γενεά Τουρκοκυπρίων που δεν γνωρίζει ελληνικά είναι όσοι γεννήθηκαν μετά το 1963, που άρχισαν οι διακοινοτικές ταραχές και εκδηλώθηκαν οι χωριστικές τάσεις της τουρκοκυπριακής ηγεσίας. Η διάδοση της ελληνικής μεταξύ των Τουρκοκυπρίων μπορεί να οφείλεται σε διάφορους λόγους: Πρώτον, στο ότι μια μειονότητα, η μουσουλμανική, ζώντας ανάμεσα σε μια ελληνική πλειοψηφία, ήταν επόμενο να υφίσταται την γλωσσική και άλλες επιδράσεις της πλειοψηφίας με την καθημερινή επικοινωνία και συνεργασία. Παρόλα αυτά δεν θα ανάμενε κανείς τόση μεγάλη επίδραση του κατακτημένου λαού πάνω στην άρχουσα τάξη και τον κατακτητή γενικά, αν δεν υπήρχαν ταυτόχρονα και άλλα εσωτερικά και ισχυρά ρεύματα επιδράσεων, που μας οδηγούν στον δεύτερο λόγο: Ότι η ελληνική γλώσσα δεν αποβαλλόταν από τους εξισλαμιζόμενους Χριστιανούς κατοίκους, αλλά διατηρείτο και απ' αυτούς και από τους Λινοβάμβακους ιδιαίτερα, και η θρησκεία καιι τα άλλα ήθη και έθιμα. Αυτή η εξήγηση ενισχύεται από το γεγονός ότι οι Μουσουλμάνοι κάτοικοι ολόκληρων χωριών αμιγώς μουσουλμανικών, η μεικτών χωριών, ήταν ελληνόφωνοι. Από τα αμιγή μουσουλμανικά χωριά, τα πιο χαρακτηριστικά ελληνόφωνα χωριά ήταν η Λουρουτζίνα, η Γαληνόπωρνη, η Λαπηθιού, η Πλατανασσός, ο Άγιος Συμεών και ο Άγιος Ανδρόνικος (C. F. Beckingham, "The Turks of Cyprus", Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society, 43 [1956], σ. 170). Από τα μεικτά χωριά με ελληνόφωνους Μουσουλμάνους κατοίκους αναφέρονται ενδεικτικά μόνο μερικά: Αγία Βαρβάρα (Πάφου), Πάνω Αρόδες, Λυθράγκωμη, Δένεια, Ακάκι, Αργάκι, Περιστερώνα (Μόρφου), Κάτω Κιβίδες, Πάχνα, Πραστειόν Αυδήμου, Γεροσκήπου, Αναρίτα (Π. Μ. Σαμαράς, ενθ. αν., σσ. 35, 40).

Τη διάδοση της ελληνικής γλώσσας μεταξύ των Μουσουλμάνων αποδεικνύουν και οι απογραφές πληθυσμού, που έγιναν επί Αγγλοκρατίας από το 1881 και μετά κάθε 10 χρόνια. Στην απογραφή του 1881 δεν αναφέρεται πόσοι Μουσουλμάνοι γνώριζαν την ελληνική, αλλά πόσοι Μουσουλμάνοι είχαν σαν μητρική τους γλώσσα την ελληνική. Έτσι, 2. 454 Μουσουλμάνοι από τους 45.358 δήλωσαν ότι μητρική τους γλώσσα ήταν η ελληνική. Την ευρύτατη όμως διάδοση της ελληνικής μεταξύ όλων των κατοίκων της Κύπρου διαπίστωσε την ίδια χρονιά ο Άγγλος ανώτερος υπάλληλος του υπουργείου Αποικιών E.D. Fairfield, που επισκέφθηκε την Κύπρο. το 1881 και υπέβαλε έκθεση για τη διοίκηση και άλλα συναφή θέματα. «Η ελληνική», παρατήρησε ο Fairfield, «δίνει τα μέσα επικοινωνίας με 9 ανθρώπους στους 10, αν όχι 19 στους 20. ενώ η τουρκική δεν θα έδινε τα μέσα επικοινωνίας με περισσότερους από 2 στους 10, αν όχι τόσους» (883/3 Mediterranean no.5 -June 1882, σ. 83).
Ένα δεύτερο και εξίσου σημαντικό στοιχείο, που δίνει μια ένδειξη για την έκταση του εξισλαμισμού Ελλήνων κυρίως και σε μικρότερη κλίμακα Μαρωνιτών, Λατίνων και Αρμενίων κατοίκων του νησιού, είναι τα ονόματα των αμιγών μουσουλμανικών ή, κατά μεγάλη πλειοψηφία Μουσουλμάνων κατοίκων μεικτών χωριών. Από αυτά εντελώς ιδιαίτερη σημασία έχουν τα ονόματα μουσουλμανικών χωριών που έχουν καθαρά χριστιανικά ονόματα. Συμφωνά με την απογραφή του 1891, οπότε τα πληθυσμιακά δεδομένα πολύ λίγο είχαν αλλάξει από την εποχή της Τουρκοκρατίας, έχουμε την ακόλουθη εικόνα (οι αριθμοί που αναφέρονται από εδώ και κάτω σε παρένθεση δηλώνουν, ο μεν πρώτος αριθμός τον μουσουλμανικό πληθυσμό του κάθε χωριού, ο δε δεύτερος τον χριστιανικό. Όπου αναφέρεται ένας μόνο αριθμός πρόκειται για τον μουσουλμανικό πληθυσμό):

Επαρχία Λευκωσίας: Άγιον Γεωρκούδι (34), Άγιος Θεόδωρος Τηλλυρίας (162+2), Κουρού Μοναστήρι (71), Σελέμανοι (Άγιος Ιωάννης) (49+4), Άγιος Σωζόμενος (70+31), Άγιοι Ηλιόφωτοι (56).
Επαρχία Λεμεσού: Άγιος Θωμάς (99+1), Επισκοπή (475+291).
Επαρχία Πάφου: Αγία Βαρβάρα (123+50), Άγιος Ισίδωρος (54+10), Άγιος Μερκούριος (28+20), Άγιος Ιωάννης, (279+6), Άγιος Νικόλαος (337+22), Άγιος Γεώργιος (140), Σταυροκόννου (236+7).
Επαρχία Αμμοχώστου: Άγιος Χαρίτων (36), Άγιος Ανδρόνικος (119 + 11), Άγιος Ευστάθιος (88), Άγιος Ιάκωβος (122+4), Άγιος Συμεών (288+3).

Εκτός απ' αυτά σ΄όλες τις επαρχίες της Κύπρου, σύμφωνα με την απογραφή του 1891, παρουσιάζονται πολλά μουσουλμανικά χωριά ή με μεγάλη πλειοψηφία Μουσουλμάνων κατοίκων με ελληνικά ή οπωσδήποτε μη μουσουλμανικά ονόματα (σε παρένθεση οι αριθμοί όπως και πιο πάνω):

Επαρχία Λευκωσίας: Ορνίθι (Ορούντα) (144), Πετροφάνι (47), Βροΐσια (38+10), Αγκολέμι (119+7), Λεύκα (741+166), Αλεύκα (Κόκκινα) (60), Αμμαδκιές (114+4), Αμπελικού (248+60), Ελαιά (291+64), Καλό Χωριό (135+39), Καππαρκά (10), Κόκκινα (154+1), Περιστερωνάρι (44+1), Σελλάιν τ' Άππη (42+2), Καζιβερά (121), Επιχό (Αποχώρι) (319).
Επαρχία Λάρνακας: Κελλιά (Τζελλιά) (116+36), Κλαυδιά (193+8), Σοφάδες (68), Πάνω Κοφίνου (310+1), Μαρί (270).
Επαρχία Λεμεσού: Αρμενοχώρι (75+14), Αλέκτορα (210+6), Κάτω Κιβίδες (101+5), Λάκκος του Φράγκου (37+12), Μάνταλα (50), Παραμάλι (135+1), Πλατανίσκια (189+2), Μαλιά (441+51), Γεροβάσα (57+1), Πεντάκωμο (183+133), Αυδήμου (374+24).
Επαρχία Πάφου: Ακουρσός (111+44), Κολώνη (43+5), Λέμπα (99), Μανδριά (134+45), Μορό Νερό (43+12), Φοίνικας (57), Ανδρολίκου (325), Κάτω Αρώδες (243+6), Ευρέτου (123), Χρυσοχού (282+5), Μακούντα (88), Μελάδια (176), Μελάνδρα (124), Πελαθούσα (185), Τέρρα (323+1), Τρεμιθούσα Χρυσοχούς (97), Γιαλιά (341+15), Ζαχαριά ή Ζαχαρκά (72), Αξύλου (102+3), Κιδάσι (110+6),Λαπηθιού (123+3), Μαλούντα (79), Μάρωνας (96+4), Φάλια (140), Φασούλα Χρυσοχούς (37), Πραστειόν (66+10), Βρέτσια (291+14), Σαραμά (106+7), Σουσκιού (210+66), Καραμουλίδες (34).
Επαρχία Αμμοχώστου: Αλόα (957+70), Μάραθα (39), Πέργαμος (91+5), Μαλούντα (83), Σανταλάρης (47), Κούκλια (193+15), Σύγκραση (142+71), Άρσος (138+80), Γούφες (206+43), Ψιλλάτος (360+3), Άρτεμη (98), Κνώδαρα (479+9), Κορνόπηκος (167+2), Πλατάνι (176+2), Γαλάτεια (575+2), Γαληνόπωρνη (342+10), Κορόβια (136), Κρίδκια (136), Λειβάδια (89+26), Μοναρκά (61), Όβκορος (261+3), Περιβόλια του Τρικώμου (65+8), Πλατανισσός (322+7), Μελούσια (93).
Επαρχία Κερύνειας: Αγρίδι (Αγίρτα) (129+1), Πιλέρι (57+5), Τέμπλος (137), Τράπεζα (20+2), Καμπυλή (104+9), Κρινί (137+20).

Σαν ενισχυτικό της υπόθεσης ότι μουσουλμανικά χωριά με μη μουσουλμανικές ονομασίες πιθανότατα υποδηλώνουν εξισλαμισμένα χριστιανικά χωριά, είναι και η αναφορά που υπάρχει στην Relatione del Regno di Cipro, που γράφτηκε μεταξύ 1510 και 1521, ότι ορισμένα από τα πιο πάνω χωριά επί Ενετοκρατίας ανήκαν ως φέουδα στο στέμμα. Συγκεκριμένα αναφέρονται τα εξής:

Επαρχία Λευκωσίας: Καζιβερά, Λεύκα, Λουρουτζίνα, Βροΐσια, Επιχό (Αποχώρι).
Επαρχία Λάρνακας: Καλό Χωρίο, Κοφίνου.
Επαρχία Λεμεσού: Αλέκτορα, Παραμάλι, Πέργαμος.
Επαρχία Πάφου: Άγιος Νικόλαος, Χρυσοχού, Κούκλια, Λαπηθιού, Πραστειό, Λέμπα, Μορό Νερό, Σαραμά, Σουσκιού, Τέρρα, Τρεμιθούσα Χρυσοχούς, Γιαλιά.
Επαρχία Αμμοχώστου: Γαλάτεια, Γαληνόπωρνη, Κορόβια, Πλατανισσός, Ψιλλάτος, Μελούσια.
Επαρχία Κερύνειας: Καζάφανι, Καμπυλή, Τράπεζα, Αγίρτα.
(C. F. Beckkingham, ενθ. αν., σ. 172)

Περαιτέρω διερεύνηση του θέματος της ιστορικής εξέλιξης των τουρκοκυπριακών χωριών θα μπορούσε νε έφερνε στο φως πολύ περισσότερα στοιχεία για την έκταση του εξισλαμισμού των Χριστιανών κατοίκων της Κύπρου και τη διάδοση του λινοβαμβακισμού μεταξύ των εξισλαμισμένων κατοίκων του νησιού.

Ιδιοτυπία και γενικά χαρακτηριστικά των Λινοβαμβάκων

Οι Λινοβάμβακοι ζούσαν ανάμεσα στις δυο θρησκείες, τον Χριστιανισμό και τον Μωαμεθανισμό, όχι σαν μια αυτοτελής θρησκευτική και εθνική ομάδα ή κοινότητα, αλλά σαν μια ιδιότυπη ομάδα, η οποία στα φανερά παρουσιάζονταν ενσωματωμένη στη μουσουλμανική κοινότητα του νησιού, ενώ στα κρυφά συμμετείχε στον βαθμό που οι περιστάσεις της επέτρεπαν στην χριστιανική πίστη. Είναι πολύ πιθανό ότι τόσο οι πραγματικοί Μουσουλμάνοι όσο και οι Χριστιανοί θα τους γνώριζαν, αλλά οι μεν πρώτοι τους ανέχονταν εφόσον δεν έδειχναν με οποιαδήποτε ενέργειά τους ότι αποκήρυτταν τη μουσουλμανική πίστη και λατρεία, οι δε δεύτεροι τους έβλεπαν είτε αδιάφορα, είτε με συμπάθεια, είτε με κάποια περιφρονητική διάθεση - αυτό εξάλλου υποδηλώνουν και ορισμένες από τις ονομασίες με τις οποίες είναι γνωστοί - επειδή μετέρχονταν τη μέθοδο της διπλής θρησκευτικής υπόστασης, για να εξασφαλίσουν κάποια πλεονεκτήματα, που δεν θα μπορούσαν να τα έχουν, αν έμεναν φανερά προσηλωμένοι στην πατρική τους θρησκεία και εθνότητα.

Έτσι, εφόσον οι Λινοβάμβακοι είχαν δυο ιδιότητες, όλη η ζωή τους, από τη γέννησή τους μέχρι τον θάνατό τους, ήταν μια συνεχής προσπάθεια να ανταποκριθούν στις αντιφατικές απαιτήσεις της διπλής τους υπόστασης. Σαν Μουσουλμάνοι, έπαιρναν μουσουλμανικά ονόματα.Το αγόρια σε κάποια ηλικία υποβάλλονταν σε περιτομή, αν και πολλά απ' αυτά απέφευγαν αυτή την επέμβαση με δωροδοκία του χότζα από τους γονείς τους. Πήγαιναν στο τζαμί και ακολουθούσαν τις θρησκευτικές υποχρεώσεις και λατρευτικούς τύπους της μουσουλμανικής θρησκείας, που σχετιζόταν με τις γιορτές, τον γάμο, την κηδεία και την ταφή. Όταν οι νεαροί Λινοβάμβακοι ήσαν σε ηλικία στράτευσης, σαν Μουσουλμάνοι υπέκειντο στη στρατολογία ως κληρωτοί για πέντε χρόνια, πολλές φορές μάλιστα για υπηρεσία εκτός Κύπρου, σ' άλλα μέρη της Οθωμανικής αυτοκρατορίας. Σε τέτοιες περιπτώσεις μάταια προσπαθούσαν να αποδείξουν ότι ήταν Χριστιανοί και όχι Μουσουλμάνοι, για να αποφύγουν τη στράτευση, επειδή οι Χριστιανοί ήταν απαλλαγμένοι και πλήρωναν γι' αυτή την απαλλαγή έναν ειδικό φόρο, που λεγόταν bedel askerie.

Από την άλλη, οι Λινοβάμβακοι, σαν κρυφοί Χριστιανοί, βαπτίζονταν στα κρυφά από Χριστιανό ιερέα και έπαιρναν χριστιανικό όνομα, με το οποίο τους καλούσαν οι δικοί τουςκαι οι όμοιοί τους, όταν υπήρχε ασφάλεια. Το χριστιανικό αυτό όνομα έμοιαζε συνήθως με το μουσουλμανικό, π.χ. Γιωσήφης - Γιουσούφ, Σολομός - Σουλεϊμαν, Αβραάμ - Ιμπραχίμ, Αντριιανού - Τουτού, Ελένη - Σιελούκκα, κλπ. (Μ.Ν. Χριστοδούλου, «Περί των Λινοβαμβάκων», Συμπόσιον Λαογραφίας, Λευκωσία, 1972, σ. 108). Παράλληλα με τη συμμετοχή τους στην μουσουλμανική λατρεία τηρούσαν με αρκετή ή λιγοστή συνέπεια τις υποχρεώσεις τους προς τη χριστιανική θρησκεία γιορτάζοντας κρυφά, σε προχωρημένες ώρες της νύχτας ή σε απομακρυσμένα από την τουρκική διοίκηση χριστιανικά χωριά ή σε ξωκλήσια, τις μεγάλες γιορτές των Χριστουγέννων και του Πάσχα ή τις γιορτές των τοπικών αγίων. Οι γάμοι γίνονταν ως επί το πλείστον με μέλη άλλων λινοβαμβακικών οικογενειώνκαι σύμφωνα με τον χριστιανικό τρόπο σε εκκλησία ή σε σπίτι από κάποιο ιερέα. Αλλά και γάμοι με Χριστιανούς και Μουσουλμάνους μπορούσαν να γίνουν, Ως προς την φοίτηση, σε εποχή που σε πολλά χωριά δεν υπήρχαν σχολεία, όσοι είχαν την ευχέρεια φοιτούσαν στο ελληνικό σχολείο του χωριού τους ή κάποιου κοντινού χωριού. Όταν άρχισαν να ιδρύονται και τουρκικά σχολεία, τα παιδιά των Λινοβαμβάκων ήσαν υποχρεωμένα να φοιτούν σ΄αυτά. Με την ανάπτυξη του εθνικισμού στα σχολεία αυτά οι φανατικοί Τούρκοι δάσκαλοι τους μάθαιναν την τουρκική γλώσσα και τους απαγόρευαν να μιλούν ελληνικά. Ως προς τις συνήθεις, τα ήθη και τα έθιμα, την ενδυμασία και τις λαϊκές παραδώσεις, οι Λινοβάμβακοι διέφεραν πολύ λίγο από τους άλλους κατοίκους του νησιού. Υφίσταντο και αυτοί, όπως και οι Μουσουλμάνοι, την επίδραση των Ελληνοκυπρίων, αλλά υφίσταντο ταυτόχρονα και μουσουλμανικές επιδράσεις. Όταν τέλος ερχόταν η ώρα της εγκατάλειψης της επίγειας ζωής, ζητούσαν συνήθως να τύχουν των τελευταίων φροντίδων σύμφωνα με τη χριστιανική τους θρησκεία, προτού κηδευθούν σε μουσουλμανικό κοιμητήριο σύμφωνα με τη μουσουλμανική θρησκεία.

Είναι πολύ πιθανόν ότι, όπως κατάφεραν να επιβιώσουν για τόσα χρόνια, παρά την αυξανόμενη πίεση πάνω τους για να αφομοιωθούν πλήρως με το μουσουλμανικό στοιχείο, να κατορθώσουν και στην εποχή μας, κάποιο ποσοστό τουλάχιστον Λινοβαμβάκων, να διατηρήσουν και να κληροδοτήσουν και την επόμενη γενεά τη διφυή υπόστασή τους.

          Πραγματοποιείται το 1ο "Cyprus Film Summit" - [Stockwatch.com.cy]      Cache   Translate Page      
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Πραγματοποιείται το 1ο "Cyprus Film Summit" ΕιδήσειςΚυπριακή ΟικονομίαΕυρωπαϊκή ΟικονομίαΕλληνική ΟικονομίαΔιεθνής ΟικονομίαΕμπορικά ΝέαΣυνεντεύξεις 10/10/2018 09:19 Πραγματοποιείται σήμερα στο συνεδριακό κέντρο "Φιλοξενία", στη Λευκωσία το 1ο "Cyprus Film Summit", μια συνδιοργάνωση από τον...


          Atalaya Mining PLC: Third Quarter 2018 Operations Update      Cache   Translate Page      
Atalaya Mining PLC: Third Quarter 2018 Operations Update Acropolis, Cyprus (FSCwire) – Atalaya Mining Plc. (AIM:ATYM, TSX:AYM) is pleased to announce its operations update for the third quarter of 2018. PROYECTO RIOTINTO Third quarter Second quarter Year-to-date Updated full year guidance 2018 2017 2018 2018 Ore mined (M tonnes) 2.8 2.4 2.6 7.9 9.7 Waste […]
          HVAC Residential Service Tech - Cyprus Air - Alexandria, VA      Cache   Translate Page      
Washington, DC;20001, 20002, 20003, 20004, 20005, 20006, 20007, 20008, 20009, 20010, 20011, 20012, 20013, 20015, 20016, 20017, 20018, 20019, 20020, 20022, 20024...
From Cyprus Air - Fri, 28 Sep 2018 09:02:44 GMT - View all Alexandria, VA jobs
          World's Most Powerful Passport Revealed As Countries' Global Rankings Shift      Cache   Translate Page      
Japan passport holders will find it easier than ever to travel the world, as their travel documents have just moved up in the global Henley Passport Index to take the top spot.

The Henley Passport Index is a ranking of all of the passports in the world based on the number of countries their holders can travel to visa-free.

Until now Japan had been sharing joint first place with Singapore, which gained visa-free access to Uzbekistan earlier this year bringing its total to 189 countries.

However, earlier this month Japan gained visa-free access to Myanmar bringing its total to 190 - once again taking it to the top spot.


It's still a milestone for both Japan and Singapore, as 2018 is the first year in the index's 13-year history that either of them has had the most powerful passport in the world.
Both are way ahead of the UK and US which share fifth place with Portugal, the Netherlands, Austria and Luxembourg - but it's worth noting that the top four spots are shared by 10 countries.

Experts had previously revealed that the UK ranking is unlikely to increase until there is certainty regarding Brexit.
Full Henley Passport Index 2018

    Japan (190 countries)
    Singapore (189 countries)
    Germany, France, South Korea (188 countries)
    Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden, Spain (187 countries)
    Norway, UK, Austria, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, USA (186 countries)
    Belgium, Switzerland, Ireland, Canada (185 countries)
    Australia, Greece, Malta (183 countries)
    New Zealand, Czech Republic (182 countries)
    Iceland (181 countries)
    Hungary, Slovenia, Malyasia (180 countries)
    Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania (179 countries)
    Liechtenstein, Estonia (178 countries)
    Poland (175 countries)
    Monaco, Chile (174 countries)
    Cyprus (173 countries)
    Brazil (171 countries)
    Argentina, Hong Kong (170 countries)
    Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania (169 countries)
    Andorra, San Marino (168 countries)
    Brunei (165 countries)
    Israel, Barbados, UAE (161 countries)
    Mexico (158 countries)
    Bahamas (155 countries)
    Uruguay (154 countries)
    Seychelles (152 countries)
    St Kitts & Nevis (151 countries)
    Antigua (150 countries)
    Costa Rica (149 countries)
    Vatican City, Taiwan (148 countries)
    Trinidad and Tobago (147 countries)
    Mauritius, St Lucia (146 countries)
    St Vincent and the Grenadines (145 countries)
    Macao, Grenada (144 countries)
    Paraguay (143 countries)
    Panama (141 countries)
    Venezulea, Honduras (138 countries)
    Dominica, Guatemala, El Savador (137 countries)
    Peru (135 countries)
    Serbia, Solomon Islands (130 countries)
    Samoa, Vanuatu (129 countries)
    Nicaragua, Ukraine (128 countries)
    Colombia, Tuvalu (127 countries)
    Macedonia (125 countries)
    Marshall Islands, Tonga (124 countries)
    Kiribati, Montenegro (123 countries)
    Micronesia, Moldova (122 countries)
    Russia, Palau Islands (119 countries)
    Bosnia and Herzegovina (118 countries)
    Albania (114 countries)
    Georgia (112 countries)
    Turkey (111 countries)
    South Africa (102 countries)
    Belize (101 countries)
    Timor-Leste (98 countries)
    Ecuador, Kuwait (93 countries)
    Fiji (90 countries)
    Guyana (88 countries)
    Maldives (87 countries)
    Nauru (86 countries)
    Qatar (85 countries)
    Jamaica (84 countries)
    Papua New Guinea (83 countries)
    Botswana (82 countries)
    Bahrain (81 countries)
    Suriname (80 countries)
    Bolivia (79 countries)
    Oman (78 countries)
    Belarus, Thailand (77 countries)
    Namibia, Kazakhstan (76 countries)
    Saudi Arabia (75 countries)
    Lesotho, China (74 countries)
    Indonesia (73 countries)
    Swaziland, Kenya, Malawi (71 countries)
    Gambia, Tanzania, Zambia (68 countries)
    Tunisia, Azerbaijan, Philippines, Dominican Republic (66 countries)
    Cape Verde, Cuba (65 countries)
    Uganda, Zimbabwe (64 countries)
    Ghana, Kyrgyzstan (63 countries)
    Sierra Leone (62 countries)
    Armenia, Benin, Morocco, Mongolia (61 countries)
    India (60 countries)
    Uzbekistan (59 countries)
    Sao Tome, Mauritania, Mozambique, Tajikistan (58 countries)
    Burkina Faso (57 countries)
    Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea (56 countries)
    Mali, Gabon, Bhutan (55 countries)
    Togo, Niger, Cambodia, Rwanda (54 countries)
    Chad, Madagascar, Guinea-Bissau, Turkmenistan (53 countries)
    Comores Islands, Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Laos (52 countries)
    Vietnam (51 countries)
    Algeria, Jordan (50 countries)
    Central African Republic, Angola, Egypt (49 countries)
    Cameroon, Myanmar (48 countries)
    Liberia, Nigeria, Congo (Republic) (47 countries)
    Burundi (46 countries)
    Djibouti (45 countries)
    Kosovo (44 countries)
    Congo (Democratic Republic), Iran (43 countries)
    Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, North Korea (42 countries)
    South Sudan, Bangladesh, Lebanon, Libya (41 countries)
    Nepal (40 countries)
    Sudan, Eritrea, Palestinian Territory (39 countries)
    Yemen (37 countries)
    Pakistan (33 countries)
    Somalia, Syria (32 countries)
    Iraq, Afghanistan (30 countries)



          An Interview With Matt Brooks of Sofar Sounds      Cache   Translate Page      

written by Candice Triche

Inspiration to pursue your passion can come from places we least expect. When I went to my first Sofar Sounds show, I was both impressed and in awe of how effortless it all seemed to go down. Putting together a secret show, wrangling a curious crowd and making sure the bands are set to go cannot be done without knowing a thing or two and hard work.

Matt Brooks is the City Director for Sofar Sounds Chicago market, and along with a stellar group of others, they put together awesome shows multiple times a month around the city of Chicago. I was hooked since that first show in October and have been to a few more since then. Discovering new bands, meeting new people, and dancing without a care (BYOB!), has made for many a great weeknight for me this summer!

From my first experience, Matt has been front and center, meeting and greeting, and making things happen. On Sept 20th, Sofar will be debuting a series of shows across the world, including 8 shows in Chicago, that will surely put them on top of intimate music venues everywhere and will be talked about for a long time to come. They are indeed changing the way we listen to live music, one show at a time.

Before the big show in September, I wanted to get his take on how he started and why he has such a passion for Sofar Sounds.

What was your first Sofar Sounds show/experience?

The first Sofar Sounds show I ever attended was in Chicago on International Women’s Day, March 8th, 2015. I was attending in preparations of starting up a new Sofar city in Indianapolis, and this experience immediately thrust me into the wonderful community that I have the pleasure of working with every day now. The show was a beautiful, unfamiliar, yet refreshing experience that only gets more special as time goes on. We hosted in the Sq3 Whiteroom, a beautiful studio space run by a friend of ours near Goose Island that is no longer in that location, though we certainly miss it. The artists were SKYLR, KSRA, and Quinn Tsan, some of which still perform with us today. I can remember this distinct moment that is not so uncommon at Sofar shows, when I felt like I had discovered the best kept secret in the city.

What’s your role? How did you get involved?

My role is that of City Director for Chicago. While Sofar Sounds is running in over 350 cities around the world, we have a few markets in the UK and U.S., hopefully soon to be Spain as well, that have a full-time team in place to host more amazing artists per month than would be possible otherwise. My involvement begun as nearly all Sofar employees do, as an ambassador. I stumbled across Sofar’s YouTube channel while interning at Do317 in Indianapolis, and upon realizing that the shows weren’t happening in Indianapolis, I interviewed a representative to help spread the word through the Do Stuff Network. I spoke with Dean Davis, Community Manager at Sofar at the time and he now leads Sofar in San Francisco, but by the end of the conversation, I realized that I didn’t want to spread the word to try and find a team to do the shows at all. I wanted to do them myself.

So that’s what I did. I built a team of close friends around the city that I knew would love to get involved in such a community-driven music movement, and we started hosting shows in May 2016. I was lucky enough to be considered for the full-time opportunity in Chicago in the new year and haven’t looked back since.

What has been your most memorable experience with Sofar Sounds?

My most memorable experience was when I spent a night in Athens, Greece during a layover on my way home from Cyprus visiting family. I had reached out to the local team a few weeks prior to see if they happened to be hosting a show, which is a very common instance in our community and is how I’ve been able to spontaneously attend gigs in London, Los Angeles, Dublin, Cleveland, and soon to be Toronto. In this case, there wasn’t a show happening, but that didn’t stop the leader, who at the time wasn’t in town, from connecting me with the rest of her team to meet up for a drink.

We set up a spot to meet near my hotel so I couldn’t get lost, and I found myself anxiously awaiting these mysterious music lovers on a tiny street across the world from home. Although I didn’t know what they looked like, I knew them the second I saw them, and we greeted with hugs that I could only compare to one with an old friend when you reconnect after years apart. We spent the evening talking over drinks and walking around viewing Athenian ruins, just like old friends, even though we had never met before. These moments happen all over the world every day, but this one is mine to share today.

This seems to be a pretty demanding job, do you work a 9-5 as well?

Sofar Sounds is, at its core, still a start-up. It takes a certain type of person with a certain level of passion and commitment to what we do to work at Sofar. We have an office space in WeWork Fulton Market where we spend at least some time every weekday, but given the nature of our work with shows, late-night meetings, and so on, it’s certainly a kind of job that you have to be available at any time. That’s how we like it though, because we know that’s what it takes to make a difference and support the arts in the way that we do.

What’s the main way you get artists to perform?

We have an artist application platform on the website that artists can provide us with the necessary pieces for consideration. We also commonly get references and recommendations from past artists, alongside of course artists that we like and reach out to ourselves. All artists go through an internal review team that is in place not only to ask is an artist is talented enough for Sofar, but if they are the right fit for the format.

It’s important to remember that the majority of our gigs are without any PA system or vocal amplification, so it’s a reality that some artists would be unwilling, and unfitting for that type of setup. That’s a very important distinction in what we do, because some artists that we really love wouldn’t work because we can’t envision them in a living room. It’s one of the things that makes Sofar even more unique in terms of the music industry standards.

What would you say is the main “mission” for Sofar Sounds?

The common tagline of Sofar is “bringing the magic back to live music.” While I certainly agree with that, I think Sofar goes beyond that. We are community builders. We are music discoverers. We have the ability to support the arts on a hyper-local and global level at the same time, with the platforms in place to expose those artists, no matter what level of following that they have, to anyone around the world. I think our mission is ever-changing as well, which is what makes the question so difficult.

In September of this year, for example, we will be hosting over 300 shows in one night, all to benefit Amnesty International and the world’s refugees. It’s called Give a Home, and we couldn’t be more excited because it is truly the first time we’ve been able to fully harness the power of our global community in the name of a cause. When I think about our mission, I begin to think about what this partnership can mean for what Sofar stands for in the coming years, and that’s truly exciting for all of us involved.

Sofar Sounds seems to be growing fast, what would you say is the end game? Is there one? How big would you want it to be, it being based on smaller, more intimate events across the world?

I think that the beauty is that there is no end game. Last November, we hosted 500 shows in one month for the first time ever, which was daunting to say the least when it was first brought up as a goal. A year ago, we would’ve been astounded at the idea of hosting 30 gigs in one month in Chicago, but now we will be doing just that in August. The partnership in September will be another one of those moments where we outdo what some thought was ever possible for Sofar.

As we grow, the intimacy of our shows does not change. Sofar gigs will always be in living rooms and other intimate spaces around the world, for anywhere from 50-150 guests, and the latter end of that is quite rare and only allowed in Chicago’s case for gigs like The Willis Tower or Brooklyn Boulders, which we have done a few times.

Beyond this, the hope is that Sofar can expand beyond just throwing shows eventually. Why can’t we do tour management for our favorite artists that we want to succeed? Why can’t we act as a PR agency for them? Why can’t we go bigger, like starting a hostel that hosts shows every night? The possibilities are endless, and the true magnificence of it is that not even someone in my position knows what our true boundaries are, if they exist.

As you can read, passion can fuel and propel you into a journey that can take you places unforeseen. Matt, along with his awesome team are doing their thing and it shows. The hard work and dedication excudes throughout each show and I’m excited to see the future for this company. See you at the next show!


          Olieoprydning efter kollision fortsætter      Cache   Translate Page      
Frankrigs miljøminister Francois de Rugy fordømmer ’unormal opførsel’ af en tunesisk ro-pax, der ramte et opankret containerskib ud for Korsika søndag. Cotunav-færgen Ulysse smadrede ind i Cyprus Sea Lines CSL Virginia på 5.018 TEU og forårsagede udslip af 600 tons brændstof over flere sømil.
          Cyprus woos filmmakers with year-long sunshine, 35 pc rebate      Cache   Translate Page      
Under its adopted moniker of "Olivewood," the tiny Mediterranean island of Cyprus is trying to woo moviemakers from around the world with 300-plus days of sunshine yearly and a package … Click to Continue »
          Cyprus woos filmmakers with year-long sunshine, 35 pc rebate      Cache   Translate Page      

NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Under its adopted moniker of “Olivewood,” the tiny Mediterranean island of Cyprus is trying to woo moviemakers from around the world with 300-plus days of sunshine yearly and a package of financial incentives including a cash rebate of up to 35 percent. A film “summit” on Wednesday brought together 120 directors […]
           Cyprus woos filmmakers with year-long sunshine, 35 pc...       Cache   Translate Page      
NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) - Under its adopted moniker of "Olivewood," the tiny Mediterranean island of Cyprus is trying to woo moviemakers from around the world...
          Cyprus woos filmmakers with year-long sunshine, 35 pc rebate      Cache   Translate Page      
Under its adopted moniker of "Olivewood," the tiny Mediterranean island of Cyprus is trying to woo moviemakers from around the world with 300-plus days of sunshine yearly and a package of financial incentives including a cash rebate of up to 35 percent.
          Deja Vu: The Gas Conflict Around Cyprus Is Getting Worse      Cache   Translate Page      

Via GEFIRA,

In early October, the Cypriot government invited tenders for gas extraction in Block 7. Ankara believes that this step impairs the interests of both Turkey and the Turkish Cypriots and announced that remedial measures will be taken, which might entail an escalation of tensions in this region of the Mediterranean.

Turkey neither recognizes Cyprus’s maritime borders nor the agreements its exclusive economic zones. Nicosia manages the gas exploration in the waters it considers its own. This leads to a conflict about which the Gefira Team is reporting on a regular basis. In February we described the complex situation in connection with the gas blocks around Cyprus.

Then the Turkish navy stopped the exploration ship of Italian Eni from entering Cyprus’ territorial waters by threatening to sink it. In response, Rome sent its own ships to the region.

So far, the dispute concerned the southern and eastern basin around Cyprus. Last week Nicosia invited tenders for gas exploration in Block 7, which could be another casus belli, because Blocks 1, 4, 5, 6 and 7 are crossed by the Turkish-Egyptian border, recognized by Turkey. Cyprus, however, in 2003 concluded an agreement with Egypt regarding the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), which Ankara does not honour.

The Turkish government is of the opinion that both the Turkish authorities and North Nicosia (the capital of Northern Cyprus) have the right to decide on the exploitation of these sectors.

Turkey’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement, in which it says that:

  1. mining in Block 7 cannot take place without Turkey’s consent due to the sea border passing there;

  2. Cypriot Turks are co-owners of the island and hence of its natural resources at the bottom of territorial waters;

  3. unilateral invitation of tenders by Nicosia violates the interests of Northern Cyprus and Turkey;

  4. Ankara will take steps to protect its rights and those of Turkish Cypriots, including the blocking of the third party’s exploration

We expect that if the Turkish Navy again blocks the exploration vessel of the Italian Eni, or the French TOTAL, or the American Exxon-Mobil (these companies were invited to take part in the tender), the reaction of the governments of the respective countries will be stronger than it was in February.


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          Cash-for-passport schemes slammed in international report       Cache   Translate Page      

Malta’s passport scheme has been slammed by an international report, which highlighted the need for the island to adequately address the programme’s reputational and money-laundering risks. “European getaway: Inside the murky world of golden visas” was published on Wednesday by Transparency International and Global Witness 2018, with research supported by the Global Anti-Corruption Consortium The report looked at various aspects of the schemes offered by Cyprus, Malta and Portugal, and the flaws or loopholes in each, stressing that “insufficient due diligence, wide discretionary powers and conflicts of interest” could open Europe’s door to the corrupt. “The sale of citizenship – its profits, ethical implications and risks – affects all EU citizens. As this report shows, however, we remain woefully ignorant of how these schemes work, how our governments may be mitigating the inevitable risks that arise from selling mobility to the ultra-wealthy, and where their investment is ultimately going. The debate, however fierce, cannot advance toward productive results without transparency and consultation regarding the risks and rewards, for the EU, of selling citizenship and...
          Cyprus woos filmmakers with year-long sunshine, 35 pc rebate      Cache   Translate Page      

NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Under its adopted moniker of “Olivewood,” the tiny Mediterranean island of Cyprus is trying to woo moviemakers from around the world with 300-plus days of sunshine yearly and a package of financial incentives including a cash rebate of up to 35 percent. A film “summit” on Wednesday brought together 120 directors […]
          Cyprus woos filmmakers with year-long sunshine, 35 pc rebate      Cache   Translate Page      
Under its adopted moniker of "Olivewood," the tiny Mediterranean island of Cyprus is trying to woo moviemakers from around the world with 300-plus days of sunshine yearly and a package … Click to Continue »
          Nhập cư châu Âu theo diện đầu tư bất động sản tại Cộng hòa Síp (Cyprus)      Cache   Translate Page      

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          Belgian police raid several soccer clubs in vast probe      Cache   Translate Page      

BRUSSELS (AP) — Belgian authorities say 57 police raids are ongoing in Belgium and six other European nations in a vast probe into financial fraud and match-fixing in soccer. The federal prosecutor’s office says 44 raids were being held in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia. The prosecutor’s statement […]
          Συνελήφθη 25χρονη Βραζιλιάνα με 6,5 κιλά κοκαΐνης στο Ελ. Βενιζέλος      Cache   Translate Page      
Συνελήφθη 25χρονη Βραζιλιάνα με 6,5 κιλά κοκαΐνης στο Ελ. Βενιζέλος – Έφτασε στην Ελλάδα από το Ρίο ντε Τζανέιρο, μέσω Ρώμης
 

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Η συλληφθείσα, η οποία έφτασε στην Ελλάδα από το Ρίο ντε Τζανέιρο, μέσω Ρώμης, μετέφερε στην αποσκευή της, επιμελώς κρυμμένες μέσα σε αλεξίπτωτο πλαγιάς, έξι συσκευασίες με κοκαΐνη βάρους 6 κιλών και 705 γραμμαρίων.
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          Tsipras to attend meeting between Greece, Cyprus and Egypt      Cache   Translate Page      
Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras will take part in a meeting on Wednesday between Greece, Cyprus and Egypt in Elounda, Crete. Tsipras will be accompanied by Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias, Environment and Energy Minister Giorgos Stathakis and Digital Minister Nikos Pappas, among other members from his cabinet. According to the prime minister’s office, Tsipras will then hold meetings with Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi, starting at 10 am. A cooperation agreement between the countries will be signed later in the morning and the three leaders will then make statements to press at 13:15.
           Greece, Cyprus, Egypt eye expanding Med energy deals       Cache   Translate Page      
ATHENS, Greece (AP) - The leaders of Greece, Egypt and Cyprus are meeting on the island of Crete to discuss furthering regional cooperation, including oil...
          Greece, Cyprus, Egypt eye expanding Med energy deals      Cache   Translate Page      

ATHENS, Greece (AP) — The leaders of Greece, Egypt and Cyprus are meeting on the island of Crete to discuss furthering regional cooperation, including oil and gas exploration rights in the east Mediterranean and efforts to combat illegal immigration to Europe. Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on Wednesday hosted the sixth meeting with Egyptian President […]
          Belgian football clubs raided as part of fraud and match-fixing inquiry      Cache   Translate Page      
• Forty-four raids held across Belgium after year-long inquiry
• Clubs in other countries, including France, also investigated

Belgian authorities have carried out a series of raids and arrests at football clubs across the country linked to investigations into financial fraud and possibly match-fixing.

The federal prosecutor’s office said 44 raids were being held in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.

Continue reading...
          State Department quietly shutters questionable $70 million Cyprus base      Cache   Translate Page      
Over nearly four years the State Department spent some $70 million on a Mediterranean air base that a new government report says was quickly set up and served little clear purpose before its quiet closing last year. The base, which was established in September 2013 and closed in August 2017, was located on the island […]
          Greece, Cyprus, Egypt eye expanding Med energy deals      Cache   Translate Page      
ATHENS, Greece (AP) — The leaders of Greece, Egypt and Cyprus are meeting on the island of Crete to discuss furthering regional cooperation, including oil and gas exploration rights in the east Mediterranean and efforts to combat...
          Cyprus woos filmmakers with year-long sunshine, 35 pc rebate      Cache   Translate Page      
NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Under its adopted moniker of "Olivewood," the tiny Mediterranean island of Cyprus is trying to woo moviemakers from around the world with 300-plus days of sunshine yearly and a package of financial incentives...
          da Vinci shopped here      Cache   Translate Page      
Lefkara in Cyprus is picture perfect and has a proud legacy of lace and silver handicraft
           Club Brugge, Anderlecht and Standard Liege raided by police as part of match-fixing probe       Cache   Translate Page      
The federal prosecutor's office in Brussels has confirmed 44 raids occurred in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.
          Μία σύλληψη στην Κύπρο για τα στημένα στο Βέλγιο!      Cache   Translate Page      
Η συντονισμένη επιχείρηση  με στόχο να εξαρθρωθεί το κύκλωμα που δρούσε στο βελγικό ποδόσφαιρο έχει ήδη αποτελέσματα και στην Κύπρο. Σύμφωνα με το αποκαλυπτικό ρεπορτάζ της εκπομπής του Active 107,4 & 102,5 «Βάλε ένα Γκολ» με τους Πανίκο Κωνσταντίνου και Ιάκωβο Κακουρή, έγινε ήδη η πρώτη σύλληψη στην Κύπρο. Διαβάστε επίσης: Έρευνες και στην Κύπρο […]
          Greece, Cyprus, Egypt leaders discuss expanding Mediterranean energy deals      Cache   Translate Page      

Read Full Article at RT.com
          Greece, Cyprus, Egypt eye expanding Med energy deals      Cache   Translate Page      

ATHENS, Greece (AP) - The leaders of Greece, Egypt and Cyprus are meeting on the island of Crete to discuss furthering regional cooperation, including oil and gas exploration rights in the east Mediterranean and efforts to combat illegal immigration to Europe.

Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on Wednesday hosted the ...

          Best of Bucharest print -Typographic Print - letter art - housewarming gifts - European Gifts - Wall art - travel poster by LucyLovesThis      Cache   Translate Page      

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BRITAIN
Aberdeen, Bath, Belfast, Birmingham, Brighton, Bristol, Bournemouth, Cambridge, Canterbury, Cardiff, Cornwall, Durham, Edinburgh, Exeter, Frome, Glasgow, Glastonbury, Hallifax, Hastings, St Ives, Jedburgh, Kingston-Upon-Thames, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Newcastle, Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford, Plymouth, Queen's Homes, Reading, Sheffield, St Albans, St Andrews, Stratford-Upon-Avon, Tunbridge Wells, Ullswater, London Victoria, Winchester, York and Zoos of Britain.

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SIZE
Unframed: 21x29.7cm
Framed: 32.5 x45cm

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Unframed print: Your print is carefully packaged in a cello bag, before being mailed in a sturdy envelope.
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          Belgian police raid several soccer clubs in vast probe      Cache   Translate Page      

BRUSSELS (AP) — A massive corruption scandal engulfed Belgian soccer on Wednesday when authorities carried out 57 police raids in the country and around Europe in a probe into financial fraud and match-fixing. The federal prosecutor’s office said 44 raids were being held in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and […]
          Greece, Cyprus, Egypt eye expanding Med energy deals      Cache   Translate Page      

ATHENS, Greece (AP) — The leaders of Greece, Egypt and Cyprus are meeting on the island of Crete to discuss furthering regional cooperation, including oil and gas exploration rights in the east Mediterranean and efforts to combat illegal immigration to Europe. Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on Wednesday hosted the sixth meeting with Egyptian President […]
          Greece, Cyprus, Egypt eye expanding Med energy deals - Financial Post      Cache   Translate Page      

Greece, Cyprus, Egypt eye expanding Med energy deals
Financial Post
ATHENS, Greece — The leaders of Greece, Egypt and Cyprus are meeting on the island of Crete to discuss furthering regional co-operation, including oil and gas exploration rights in the east Mediterranean and efforts to combat illegal immigration to ...

en meer »

          Israir adds Tel Aviv Sde Dov – Larnaca service from late-Nov 2018      Cache   Translate Page      

Israir in winter 2018/19 season plans to offer scheduled charter service to Cyprus, where it plans to operate Tel Aviv Sde Dov – Larnaca route. From 29NOV18, ATR72 aircraft will operate this route 4 times a week.

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          ‘Verdachte witwaspraktijken uit Cyprus mogelijk uitgeleverd aan België’      Cache   Translate Page      

De commotie rond het grootschalig onderzoek in verband met fraude en witwaspraktijken wordt groter en groter. Nu is er een verdachte in Cyprus opgepakt.


          Russia players investigated by police over attacks - [Cyprus-mail.com]      Cache   Translate Page      
Image

Russian police said on Wednesday they had opened a criminal investigation into Russia internationals Alexander Kokorin and Pavel Mamayev, who are accused of carrying out violent attacks in central Moscow. The attacks, allegedly perpetrated by Zenit St Petersburg forward Kokorin and Krasnodar...


           Club Brugge, Anderlecht and Standard Liege raided by police as part of match-fixing probe       Cache   Translate Page      
The federal prosecutor's office in Brussels has confirmed 44 raids occurred in Belgium and 13 more in France, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.
          'Malta has become a crossroad of illegal trafficking' – Italian police       Cache   Translate Page      

Malta has been pinpointed as being at the centre of illicit smuggling across the Mediterranean by an international police investigation led by Italy’s Guardia di Finanza, according to a report by Daphne Project partners La Repubblica. Colonel Giuseppe Campobasso, who heads the anti-drug law enforcement for Italy’s financial police in Palermo, has said “Malta has become a crossroad of illegal trafficking”. Italian journalists from the Investigative Reporting Project Italy (IRPI) looked into rafts of classified documents and Italian police intelligence, documenting a dozen major smuggling busts in the last decade run by Maltese citizens and transacted just off Malta's shores or supported by Maltese shipyards that service vessels used in international maritime crime. A particular wharf in the far end of the Grand Harbour, Il-Moll tal-Pont, was described as "a thread through the tapestry" of illegal trafficking activities in the Mediterranean, spreading from Morocco to Cyprus. According to the investigations, it was at this wharf that the M/Y Quest – a 42 metre ship – was overhauled last spring and painted in fresh colours. After a few weeks it was impounded by the Italian police...
          Photos from Jully — Take a look on FlirtWith      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Photos from Anna — Take a look on FlirtWith      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Ronaldo rape claims 'complete fabrications' - [Cyprus-mail.com]      Cache   Translate Page      
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Cristiano Ronaldo's new Las Vegas lawyer has said claims that the football star raped a woman are "complete fabrications" and the encounter was consensual. Peter Christiansen issued a statement that does not deny Ronaldo and the woman reached a non-disclosure agreement in 2010. But the statement...


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The Russian news website Fontanka named on Wednesday a third GRU military intelligence operative, Sergey Fedotov, as having been involved in trying to kill ex-spy Sergei Skripal in the English city of Salisbury. The website said records show Fedotov visited Britain in 2016, 2017 and 2018 and left...


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Βάζει τα δυνατά του για να επιστρέψει στην αγωνιστική δράση και να ΞΑΝΑ παρουσιαστεί στο Κυπριακό ποδοσφαιρικό κοινό ο Μηνάς Αντωνίου. Ο λόγος για τον Μηνά Αντωνίου, ο οποίος με την πιο κάτω ανάρτηση του στα social media, δηλώνει πανέτοιμος για την επιστροφή του στους αγωνιστικούς χώρους μετά από...


          Call for harsher sentences in sexual harassment cases - [Cyprus-mail.com]      Cache   Translate Page      
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Harsher penalties are needed if we are to show zero tolerance towards sexual harassment, said children's organisation Hope for Children on Wednesday, following the 12-month sentence imposed on a teacher found guilty of sexually harassing underage female students. Following a lengthy trial of many...


          Scoop: Netanyahu tells Greece, Cyprus that Trump will keep heat on Turkey (Axios)      Cache   Translate Page      

Axios:
Scoop: Netanyahu tells Greece, Cyprus that Trump will keep heat on Turkey  —  Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told the foreign ministers of Greece and Cyprus during meetings in Jerusalem last month that he doesn't see President Trump reducing the pressure on Turkey over the arrest …


          Greece, Egypt back Cyprus gas exploration      Cache   Translate Page      

The leaders of Greece and Egypt on Wednesday backed efforts by regional ally Cyprus to exploit off-shore gas deposits, despite strong objection from Turkey.


          Where is Europe’s current best buy-to-let hotspot?      Cache   Translate Page      
Where is Europe’s current best buy-to-let hotspot?
The latest data released by international payments experts, WorldFirst, has revealed that despite being the biggest climber this year and rising from 9th to 2nd place, Cyprus was pipped to the post by somewhere a little closer to home.


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