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          Why We Shouldn’t Celebrate Christopher Columbus      Cache   Translate Page      
This past October 8th, Americans got a holiday to celebrate Christopher Columbus Day.  Columbus sailed from Spain with the intention of traveling to India.   He took the route which took him to the New World, the Americas. October 12, 1492 was the day he had landed on  the Bahamas. We celebrate this day because Columbus […]
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Big Major Cay in the Bahamas is home to a colony of swimming pigs. Here are their photos.
          Re: Emerging Market Bond Funds      Cache   Translate Page      
jhfenton wrote:
Tue Oct 09, 2018 3:36 pm

I did open a position in VEGBX (Vanguard Emerging Market Bond Admiral Shares), Vanguard's active EM bond fund, when it went live last December.

Despite the fact that emerging market equities have tanked over that period, VEGBX has not. It is actually my best-performing bond fund over that period. (That is not saying much.)

(VEGBX is not connected in any way to VWOB/VGAVX, Vanguard's EM bond index funds. VEGBX is an active mutual fund. It has accumulated about $100 MM in assets.)


VWOB and VEGBX certainly approach Emerging Markets in different ways, and I think cap-weighted indexing may be problematic when it comes to EM bonds. VWOB is of course a "Government" index, but there are govt.-owned corporations issuing bonds which are also included in it. I suppose VWOB would fall under "USD sovereign" in Nisi's graphic above, contrary to VEGBX. Anyhow, here's a look at their holdings as posted in their respective Vanguard profile pages. Of course there's that elephant in the room - maybe call it a panda:

(Market allocations as of 08/31/2018)

CODE: Select all

     VWOB/VGAVX                       VEGBX 

(Vang EM Govt Bond Index) (Vang EM Bond "active")

China 17.40% Mexico 8.30%
Mexico 8.20% Indonesia 8.10%
Brazil 5.70% Argentina 7.50%
Indonesia 5.70% Chile 6.20%
Russia 4.70% Guatemala 3.60%
United Arab Emi 4.60% Ukraine 4.20%
Saudi Arabia 4.20% Colombia 4.10%
Turkey 3.80% Hungary 3.50%
Argentina 3.60% Philippines 3.20%
Qatar 3.50% Russia 3.20%
Colombia 2.40% Brazil 3.10%
Philippines 2.00% Kazakhstan 3.00%
South Africa 1.70% Egypt 2.80%
Chile 1.60% Lithuania 2.50%
Lebanon 1.60% Trinidad & Toba 2.50%
Oman 1.50% India 2.20%
Egypt 1.40% Uruguay 2.10%
India 1.40% Dominican Repub 2.00%
Kazakhstan 1.40% El Salvador 1.90%
Malaysia 1.40% Romania 1.60%
Bahrain 1.20% South Africa 1.60%
Panama 1.20% Ghana 1.50%
Ukraine 1.20% Oman 1.50%
Dominican Repub 1.10% Peru 1.50%
Ecuador 1.10% Turkey 1.50%
Hungary 1.10% United States 1.50%
Peru 1.10% Angola 1.30%
Uruguay 1.00% Honduras 1.30%
Kuwait 0.80% Sri Lanka 1.30%
Poland 0.80% Bermuda 1.10%
Sri Lanka 0.80% Paraguay 1.10%
Croatia 0.70% Mongolia 0.90%
Nigeria 0.70% Senegal 0.90%
Venezuela 0.70% Panama 0.80%
Romania 0.60% United Kingdom 0.80%
Azerbaijan 0.50% Armenia 0.70%
Costa Rica 0.50% Croatia 0.70%
Angola 0.40% Lebanon 0.60%
Ghana 0.40% Saudi Arabia 0.70%
Ivory Coast 0.40% Serbia 0.60%
Jamaica 0.40% Venezuela 0.70%
Morocco 0.40% Qatar 0.50%
Pakistan 0.40% Jordan 0.50%
El Salvador 0.30% Ivory Coast 0.40%
Iraq 0.30% Latvia 0.20%
Kenya 0.30% Costa Rica 0.20%
Mongolia 0.30%
Paraguay 0.30%
Serbia 0.30%
Belarus 0.20%
Bolivia 0.20%
Gabon 0.20%
Guatemala 0.20%
Jordan 0.20%
Senegal 0.20%
Trinidad & Toba 0.20%
United States 0.20%
Vietnam 0.20%
Zambia 0.20%
Armenia 0.10%
Bahamas 0.10%
Bermuda 0.10%
Ethiopia 0.10%
Georgia 0.10%
Honduras 0.10%
Namibia 0.10%
Thailand 0.10%
Tunisia 0.10%

          Hugh Hewitt and Sen. Tom Cotton go to the fever swamps in Kavanaugh nomination postmortem      Cache   Translate Page      

Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

Conservative pundit Hugh Hewitt and Sen. Tom Cotton (R-AR) are pushing a conspiracy theory that professor Christine Blasey Ford’s decision to speak out about then-Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh was actually orchestrated by Democratic leaders in the Senate. The version of events proposed by Hewitt and Cotton is at odds with reports on how Ford decided to come forward, and it serves to undercut Ford’s bravery.

Cotton was a guest on the October 9 broadcast of Hewitt’s radio show, The Hugh Hewitt Show. Hewitt prompted the conspiracy theory by asking Cotton if he thought “that this was planned long before it was unveiled? And by that, I mean the leak of Dr. Ford’s letter. I don’t know who did it, but I believe it was part of a campaign that was set up to occur exactly when it did. Do you agree with me?”

Cotton did agree, and he wove an evidence-free conspiracy theory that as early as July, “the Schumer political operation” -- a reference to Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) -- and possibly former U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara were involved in a plan to leak the contents of a letter Ford had sent to Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA). In the letter, Ford gave an account of Kavanaugh sexually assaulting her when they were both in high school.

This conspiratorial timeline is at odds with reality. Ford sent a letter dated July 30 to Feinstein and asked that the California senator keep its contents confidential. The Intercept was the first to report on the letter, writing on September 12 that it “describes an incident involving Kavanaugh and a woman while they were in high school” and that Feinstein was refusing to share its contents with other senators, which “created tension on the committee.” According to Politico, “The reporter behind that [Intercept] story later stated that Feinstein’s staff did not leak the letter.”

Ford came forward publicly in a September 16 Washington Post article. She said later during her testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee that the presence of reporters at her home and workplace made her realize her identity would be revealed in any case, so she decided to speak on the record with a reporter at the Post who she said had gained her trust.

Hewitt has a history of being dishonest while discussing federal judicial nominations, but political talk shows still treat him as a mainstream conservative commentator when they bring him on to talk about the topic. While previously his falsehoods served to provide cover for the GOP to radically change norms around the nomination process, he has now sunk to pushing a conspiracy theory.

Cotton, for his part, has his own history of underhanded behavior on executive branch nominations. In 2014, Cotton placed a hold on President Barack Obama’s nomination of Cassandra Butts to serve as ambassador to the Bahamas. More than two years after her nomination was announced, Butts, who Cotton acknowledged was not a controversial nominee, died of leukemia at age 50, with Cotton’s hold still in place. Before she died, Butts told The New York Times that she had visited Cotton to ask about the hold and he said he knew she was friends with Obama and the hold was a way to inflict personal pain on the president.

          One thing for Immanuel Quickley to improve on before next season      Cache   Translate Page      
I admit that I was surprised when Immanuel Quickley started three out of the four games in the Bahamas. Once Ashton Hagans reclassified and committed to Kentucky, Quickley became somewhat of a forgotten man. He was the first to commit in the 2018 class and John Calipari had him targeted as his point
          #queens - __whitemosthated      Cache   Translate Page      
PURPLE RAIN ☔️ PURPLE FLOWERS, BABY GIRL COUNT THEM COMMAS 💕 NEED A CRIB IN BAHAMAS 🤫🤷🏽‍♂️🔥☔️☔️🔥☔️🔥🔥BOSS NIGGA LIKE SOPRANOS🤷🏽‍♂️☔️🔥☔️ #music #artist #instafamous #whitemh #dyckman #brooklyn #queens #california #cali #atlanta #atl #canada #promo #promotersearch #clubs #positivevibes #plug #shittinme ☔️🔥🔥☔️☔️🔥☔️🔥
          Distribution: Range: 39.6°N to 24.89°N; 77.67°W to... for taxon Gymnobela bairdii (Verrill & S. Smith [in Verrill], 1884)      Cache   Translate Page      
Note "Distribution: Range: 39.6°N to 24.89°N; 77.67°W to 68.42°W. Distribution: USA: New Jersey; Bahamas; Bahamas: Tongue of the Ocean" for taxon Gymnobela bairdii (Verrill & S. Smith [in Verrill], 1884) has been added by Mary Kennedy via the MS Access interface on 2009-02-16T09:43:45+00:00
          #bulgaria - shashi_sundaram_20_gupta      Cache   Translate Page      
#antigua #bahamas #belarus #bolivia #baku #brunei #brasilia #minsk #chile #beijing #morocco #Monaco #borabora #shanghai #sofia #bulgaria #barcelona #spain #ireland #milan #milano #venice #cagliari #alessandria #olbia #florida #goa #florence #turin #bologna
          Offer - Customized Seals For Trucks - BAHAMAS      Cache   Translate Page      
Rubber-King, one of the honest and reliable tpu cup oil seals made in china manufacturers in China, now has tpu cup oil seals made in china for sale. We can offer you free sample first if necessary. Come and buy customized products with our factory.TPU Oil Seals, usually be used in the hydraulic cylinder. Generally, there are two colors: green and blue.The blue items has higher hardness. It has very good physical machinery features, and also wear-resistant and oil-resistant performance. Easy to install, and the dirt adhering to the piston rod can be scraped off. There are different sizes, if your need is the non-standard ones, we can OEM it for you. 1. Item name: Cup Oil Seals2. Material: TPU, Polyurethane3. Applications: Hydraulic Cylinder4. Produce ability: 1000pcs per day5. Specifications:Crankshaft Front and Rear SealsMaterialTPUHardness10 to 90 Shore ATemperature-50℃~150℃ColorAs our customers’ requirementFeaturesVery good physical machinery featuresGood wear-resistance and oil-resistance 1. You will enjoy the 24 hours on-line service here.2. Our engineers will supply professional guide for any part.3. Shipping time: 7 to 25 working days after the payment.4. Transportation: By Sea/Air, By express(DHL, FedEx, etc).5. Packaging: Depend on our clients’ request. Usually inner PE bags, and carton outside. If you have special request, we’ll pack them according to you.6. Many transportation for your choice, make business convenient.1. We have been in the field more than 20 years, all our engineers are experienced in the parts.2. We have our own factory, can control the quality by ourselves.3. The best raw material are used, to ensure the high quality.4. Compared with others, our products usually in reasonable and competitive price.5. CE and RoHS certificates, ensure it’s legal and convenient for your business. Welcome to China!Welcome to Beijing!Welcome to Beijing Rubber-King Rubber Products Limited!Customized Seals For Truckswebsite:
          The beach where you can swim with piggies      Cache   Translate Page      
If you're waiting to fulfill any life goals until pigs fly, heads up: There are swine swimming in the Bahamas already.
          Coral Gables Attorney Helps Win Victory for Airline in International Dispute Over Faulty Landing Gear      Cache   Translate Page      
John M. Murray and Rollin M. Smith of Murray, Morin & Hernan helped guide Bahamasair to victory in a long battle. The case concerned the April 20, 2007, crash landing of a Bahamasair aircraft after its left landing gear failed.

          Lorna Morgan Bahama Beauty      Cache   Translate Page      
This scene was shot in Eleuthera, The Bahamas. For busty legend Lorna, traveling to exotic...
          Offer - Gift Card - Gift Envelope | Orange - BAHAMAS      Cache   Translate Page      
Art paper with Gift Cards are valid for 365 days from the date of purchase and carry no fees.Redeemable on all products on except apps (including all Branded Gift Cards like Shoppers Stop, Westside, Lifestyle, Big Bazaar etc.) Gift Cards are issued by QwikCilver Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Credit and Debit Cards issued outside India cannot be used to purchase Gift Cards.Beneficiary can apply the 14 digit code (under scratch card) on and add the gift card balance in his/her account. This balance gets automatically applied at the time of next purchase. There is no cap on number of gift cards that can be added to an account.Amazon Pay balance cannot be used to purchase Gift Cards. Gift Cards cannot be refunded or returned.
          Offer - - BAHAMAS      Cache   Translate Page      
Health Scam Side Effects forward a little bit more after the show I was kind of like in this state of like well what do I do now like I didn't know what I wanted like I competed and now I was kind of training but I was like am i training for a couple times and and I remember just kind of like seeing I mean I was like that's interesting like I've seen a lot about CrossFit I was definitely like the regular bodybuilder that was like I don't know about CrossFit like
          World's Most Powerful Passport Revealed As Countries' Global Rankings Shift      Cache   Translate Page      
Japan passport holders will find it easier than ever to travel the world, as their travel documents have just moved up in the global Henley Passport Index to take the top spot.

The Henley Passport Index is a ranking of all of the passports in the world based on the number of countries their holders can travel to visa-free.

Until now Japan had been sharing joint first place with Singapore, which gained visa-free access to Uzbekistan earlier this year bringing its total to 189 countries.

However, earlier this month Japan gained visa-free access to Myanmar bringing its total to 190 - once again taking it to the top spot.

It's still a milestone for both Japan and Singapore, as 2018 is the first year in the index's 13-year history that either of them has had the most powerful passport in the world.
Both are way ahead of the UK and US which share fifth place with Portugal, the Netherlands, Austria and Luxembourg - but it's worth noting that the top four spots are shared by 10 countries.

Experts had previously revealed that the UK ranking is unlikely to increase until there is certainty regarding Brexit.
Full Henley Passport Index 2018

    Japan (190 countries)
    Singapore (189 countries)
    Germany, France, South Korea (188 countries)
    Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden, Spain (187 countries)
    Norway, UK, Austria, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, USA (186 countries)
    Belgium, Switzerland, Ireland, Canada (185 countries)
    Australia, Greece, Malta (183 countries)
    New Zealand, Czech Republic (182 countries)
    Iceland (181 countries)
    Hungary, Slovenia, Malyasia (180 countries)
    Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania (179 countries)
    Liechtenstein, Estonia (178 countries)
    Poland (175 countries)
    Monaco, Chile (174 countries)
    Cyprus (173 countries)
    Brazil (171 countries)
    Argentina, Hong Kong (170 countries)
    Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania (169 countries)
    Andorra, San Marino (168 countries)
    Brunei (165 countries)
    Israel, Barbados, UAE (161 countries)
    Mexico (158 countries)
    Bahamas (155 countries)
    Uruguay (154 countries)
    Seychelles (152 countries)
    St Kitts & Nevis (151 countries)
    Antigua (150 countries)
    Costa Rica (149 countries)
    Vatican City, Taiwan (148 countries)
    Trinidad and Tobago (147 countries)
    Mauritius, St Lucia (146 countries)
    St Vincent and the Grenadines (145 countries)
    Macao, Grenada (144 countries)
    Paraguay (143 countries)
    Panama (141 countries)
    Venezulea, Honduras (138 countries)
    Dominica, Guatemala, El Savador (137 countries)
    Peru (135 countries)
    Serbia, Solomon Islands (130 countries)
    Samoa, Vanuatu (129 countries)
    Nicaragua, Ukraine (128 countries)
    Colombia, Tuvalu (127 countries)
    Macedonia (125 countries)
    Marshall Islands, Tonga (124 countries)
    Kiribati, Montenegro (123 countries)
    Micronesia, Moldova (122 countries)
    Russia, Palau Islands (119 countries)
    Bosnia and Herzegovina (118 countries)
    Albania (114 countries)
    Georgia (112 countries)
    Turkey (111 countries)
    South Africa (102 countries)
    Belize (101 countries)
    Timor-Leste (98 countries)
    Ecuador, Kuwait (93 countries)
    Fiji (90 countries)
    Guyana (88 countries)
    Maldives (87 countries)
    Nauru (86 countries)
    Qatar (85 countries)
    Jamaica (84 countries)
    Papua New Guinea (83 countries)
    Botswana (82 countries)
    Bahrain (81 countries)
    Suriname (80 countries)
    Bolivia (79 countries)
    Oman (78 countries)
    Belarus, Thailand (77 countries)
    Namibia, Kazakhstan (76 countries)
    Saudi Arabia (75 countries)
    Lesotho, China (74 countries)
    Indonesia (73 countries)
    Swaziland, Kenya, Malawi (71 countries)
    Gambia, Tanzania, Zambia (68 countries)
    Tunisia, Azerbaijan, Philippines, Dominican Republic (66 countries)
    Cape Verde, Cuba (65 countries)
    Uganda, Zimbabwe (64 countries)
    Ghana, Kyrgyzstan (63 countries)
    Sierra Leone (62 countries)
    Armenia, Benin, Morocco, Mongolia (61 countries)
    India (60 countries)
    Uzbekistan (59 countries)
    Sao Tome, Mauritania, Mozambique, Tajikistan (58 countries)
    Burkina Faso (57 countries)
    Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea (56 countries)
    Mali, Gabon, Bhutan (55 countries)
    Togo, Niger, Cambodia, Rwanda (54 countries)
    Chad, Madagascar, Guinea-Bissau, Turkmenistan (53 countries)
    Comores Islands, Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Laos (52 countries)
    Vietnam (51 countries)
    Algeria, Jordan (50 countries)
    Central African Republic, Angola, Egypt (49 countries)
    Cameroon, Myanmar (48 countries)
    Liberia, Nigeria, Congo (Republic) (47 countries)
    Burundi (46 countries)
    Djibouti (45 countries)
    Kosovo (44 countries)
    Congo (Democratic Republic), Iran (43 countries)
    Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, North Korea (42 countries)
    South Sudan, Bangladesh, Lebanon, Libya (41 countries)
    Nepal (40 countries)
    Sudan, Eritrea, Palestinian Territory (39 countries)
    Yemen (37 countries)
    Pakistan (33 countries)
    Somalia, Syria (32 countries)
    Iraq, Afghanistan (30 countries)

          10/10/2018: Business: ‘Starling is now the Amazon of banking. Come get an account’      Cache   Translate Page      

It’s the end of 2015 and Anne Boden, founder of Starling Bank, is boarding a 92ft yacht in the Bahamas to pitch to secretive billionaire Harald McPike. She is on the fundraising trail for her new start-up, which is less than a year old, and has...
          Lois Petit: sportive, militaire, candidate      Cache   Translate Page      
Lois Petit, 19 ans, s’envolera dimanche pour le Mondial juniors, au Bahamas
                Cache   Translate Page      
Big Major Cay in the Bahamas is home to a colony of swimming pigs. Here are their photos.

          Offer - - BAHAMAS      Cache   Translate Page      
Enter Keto Diet is well known. It is a fashionable mix. I don't have to be mistaken about that. This installment is a richly textured explanation of Enter Keto Diet. I have also been struggling with the value of Enter Keto Diet in regards to Enter Keto Diet. That brings up another important problem that Enter Keto Diet fails to address. By what program do apprentices turn up great Enter Keto Diet information? I'm not certain how much more often I can go on with Enter Keto Diet but I really like the other option. There isn't contest but it is a long running scam this has been around for several months. Browse this page for more detais>
          Offer - - BAHAMAS      Cache   Translate Page      
Aqua Hydro Skin Beautiful skin reflects that you will be in your good overall health. Covering up your acne and blemishes with make - up would not help. Only good natual skin care products will enable you to feel healthy and fantastic.When it will come to enhancing natural beauty, it aids you to start from the inside of. People who know how you can present themselves really only have one advantage- information. Learning a few Beauty tips can go a great in improving your looks and needs to not be discounted.
           - Bahamas Schaukel-Partie      Cache   Translate Page      
Bereit, auf Hotel-Komfort zu verzichten und lieber zu campen? Lust auf paradiesische Karibik-Momente? Dann gehen Sie auf eine mehrtägige Kajaktour durch die Exumas, einem Archipel der Bahamas: Mini-Inseln, Traumstrände, Sternenhimmel und putzige Inselschweine ganz exklusiv
          Offer - BD7400 adidas Futurecraft 4D Arsham Future Aero Green - BAHAMAS      Cache   Translate Page      
Daniel Arsham, a NYC-based artist has teamed up with adidas to collaborate on his very own adidas Futurecraft 4D model dubbed, "Arsham Future." Inspired by Arsham's concept of "art and chaos," the collaborative kicks call upon the Futurecraft's signature light green colorway, bringing it up from the carbon-printed midsole to adorn the upper as well for a tonal look. However — much like the artist's work — the shoes are more than initially meets the eye, and feature hidden details. When exposed to UV light, the Primeknit upper features a concealed Three Stripes design on the lateral and medial sides, plus "FUTURE" printed in bold block letters across the toebox.New adidas Shoes, The adidas Futurecraft 4D Arsham Future pays homage to contemporary artist Daniel Arsham. Designed by the New York-based creative himself, the shoe features an Aero Green hue all over, and it's made of a very breathable Primeknit upper that is paired with the highlighting 4D-printed sole covered in the same color to top it all off. Arsham's unique take on the model strips away the Three Stripes branding on the side panel as well as some of the padding in the lining to give it a more deconstructed look. It also features an entirely aero green color scheme that brings the color previously only seen on the Futurecraft's midsole to the Primeknit upper as well. Of course, the main focus of the sneaker is its 4D Carbon-printed midsole.Nike is giving their iconic 1987 runner, the Nike Air Max 1, a new look with darker tones and premium materials for the fall season. Dressed in a Dark Obsidian, Cobalt Tint, and Ocean Bliss color scheme. This Nike Air Max 1 features a Navy Blue and Burgundy nubuck upper with Baby Blue chenille Swoosh and tongue tags. Other details includes Forest Green corduroy paneling atop a classic crepe Gum rubber outsole.
          CocoCay, la nuova isola parco giochi di Royal Caribbean nelle Bahamas      Cache   Translate Page      
Royal Caribbean inaugura il prossimo maggio CocoCay, una destinazione esclusiva nel cuore delle Bahamas riservata ai suoi ospiti: ecco come sarà.
          Offer - - BAHAMAS      Cache   Translate Page      
Xylam Labs Garcinia In spite of the fact that it will help top you off, water is NEVER a nourishment substitute. Consider it as Weight Loss Tips a vitamin supplement. You could drink enough so you can discover skip suppers without feeling hunger, however no protected eating methodologies It's an awful, undesirable thought. In any case, at whatever point enticed to go after the natural product juice or soda pop, take the water.
          43' Tiara 43 Open 2017 (Denison Yachting (YachtWorld)) $899,000      Cache   Translate Page      
NOT A POD BOAT, its Direct Drive This 2017 43 Tiara is in like new condition, with only 200 hours on the twin Volvo D11 725 HORSEPOWER engines (Upgraded engine package.) with warranty until Jan 2022. Boat is turn key ready for your next trip to the Bahamas or a day out with your friends and family. Boat has been lift kept behind owners house since he bought it new, very easy to see. Whether you want to fish or cruise, this boat is set up perfectly for either. The boat has joystick power and a bow thruster to make docking nice and simple but also since it is Direct Drive, you wont have to do any maintenance on any pods! Also has a full enclosure that is not pictured, so no matter the weather your protected.Boat is located in Boca Raton, Fl call for a showing.

          VIDEO – Karine Mallet Gauthier : hausse de 40% des touristes français aux Bahamas      Cache   Translate Page      
En 2017, les Bahamas ont enregistré une hausse de 40 % du nombre de visiteurs français sur l’ensemble des îles et 24 % sur Nassau uniquement. Cette croissance de régulière positionne désormais la France comme le premier marché touristique européen aux Bahamas. Karine Mallet Gauthier, directrice de l’office du tourisme des Bahamas revient sur les … Continuer la lecture de VIDEO – Karine Mallet Gauthier : hausse de 40% des touristes français aux Bahamas
          #newport - 1updeh      Cache   Translate Page      
It took me over 20 years to realize this... and just wanna share it with you. 🤷🏽‍♂️ and I’m still cleaning up too. I got more things to get rid of!!! @1updeh @besttopic_daniiboo @nahnaa_music @ryginking @spanishtownrecords @billboardselector @chippydon_ @johnnytime876 @juggla876 @pradofullforce @harryhypemusic @dwayneconnellclothing @koolkidja @sadikisnowman #love #Dub #music #Toronto #NewYork #Trinidad #Bahamas #Popcaan #Jamaica #England #Switzerland #NickiMinaj #Germany #Russia #Italy #France #Spain #Newport #StageShow #onstage #ER #irieFM #music #musician 🚨🚨🚨🚨🚨🚨🚨🇯🇲🇯🇲🇨🇦🇨🇦🇧🇧🇧🇸🇦🇬🇧🇪🇰🇾🇮🇴🇧🇲🇺🇸🇬🇧🇨🇭🇸🇪🇿🇦🇬🇩🇬🇭🇹🇹
          For Columbus Day, here is the beginning of Chapter one of Howard Zinn's famous "A People's History of the United States"      Cache   Translate Page      
For Columbus Day, here is the beginning of Chapter one of Howard Zinn's famous "A People's History of the United States":


Arawak men and women, naked, tawny, and full of wonder, emerged from their villages onto the island’s beaches and swam out to get a closer look at the strange big boat. When Columbus and his sailors came ashore, carrying swords, speaking oddly, the Arawaks ran to greet them, brought them food, water, gifts. He later wrote of this in his log:

They … brought us parrots and balls of cotton and spears and many other things, which they exchanged for the glass beads and hawks’ bells. They willingly traded everything they owned… . They were well-built, with good bodies and handsome features…. They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron. Their spears are made of cane… . They would make fine servants…. With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want.

These Arawaks of the Bahama Islands were much like Indians on the mainland, who were remarkable (European observers were to say again and again) for their hospitality, their belief in sharing. These traits did not stand out in the Europe of the Renaissance, dominated as it was by the religion of popes, the government of kings, the frenzy for money that marked Western civilization and its first messenger to the Americas, Christopher Columbus.

Columbus wrote:

As soon as I arrived in the Indies, on the first Island which I found, I took some of the natives by force in order that they might learn and might give me information of whatever there is in these parts.

The information that Columbus wanted most was: Where is the gold? He had persuaded the king and queen of Spain to finance an expedition to the lands, the wealth, he expected would be on the other side of the Atlantic-the Indies and Asia, gold and spices. For, like other informed people of his time, he knew the world was round and he could sail west in order to get to the Far East.

Spain was recently unified, one of the new modern nation-states, like France, England, and Portugal. Its population, mostly poor peasants, worked for the nobility, who were 2 percent of the population and owned 95 percent of the land. Spain had tied itself to the Catholic Church, expelled all the Jews, driven out the Moors. Like other states of the modern world, Spain sought gold, which was becoming the new mark of wealth, more useful than land because it could buy anything.

There was gold in Asia, it was thought, and certainly silks and spices, for Marco Polo and others had brought back marvelous things from their overland expeditions centuries before. Now that the Turks had conquered Constantinople and the eastern Mediterranean, and controlled the land routes to Asia, a sea route was needed. Portuguese sailors were working their way around the southern tip of Africa. Spain decided to gamble on a long sail across an unknown ocean.

In return for bringing back gold and spices, they promised Columbus 10 percent of the profits, governorship over new-found lands, and the fame that would go with a new title: Admiral of the Ocean Sea. He was a merchant’s clerk from the Italian city of Genoa, part-time weaver (the son of a skilled weaver), and expert sailor. He set out with three sailing ships, the largest of which was the Santa Maria, perhaps 100 feet long, and thirty-nine crew members.

Columbus would never have made it to Asia, which was thousands of miles farther away than he had calculated, imagining a smaller world. He would have been doomed by that great expanse of sea. But he was lucky. One-fourth of the way there he came upon an unknown, uncharted land that lay between Europe and Asia-the Americas. It was early October 1492, and thirty-three days since he and his crew had left the Canary Islands, off the Atlantic coast of Africa. Now they saw branches and sticks floating in the water. They saw flocks of birds.

These were signs of land. Then, on October 12, a sailor called Rodrigo saw the early morning moon shining on white sands, and cried out. It was an island in the Bahamas, the Caribbean sea. The first man to sight land was supposed to get a yearly pension of 10,000 maravedis for life, but Rodrigo never got it. Columbus claimed he had seen a light the evening before. He got the reward.

So, approaching land, they were met by the Arawak Indians, who swam out to greet them. The Arawaks lived in village communes, had a developed agriculture of corn, yams, cassava. They could spin and weave, but they had no horses or work animals. They had no iron, but they wore tiny gold ornaments in their ears.

This was to have enormous consequences: it led Columbus to take some of them aboard ship as prisoners because he insisted that they guide him to the source of the gold. He then sailed to what is now Cuba, then to Hispaniola (the island which today consists of Haiti and the Dominican Republic). There, bits of visible gold in the rivers, and a gold mask presented to Columbus by a local Indian chief, led to wild visions of gold fields.

On Hispaniola, out of timbers from the Santa Maria, which had run aground, Columbus built a fort, the first European military base in the Western Hemisphere. He called it Navidad (Christmas) and left thirty-nine crewmembers there, with instructions to find and store the gold. He took more Indian prisoners and put them aboard his two remaining ships. At one part of the island he got into a fight with Indians who refused to trade as many bows and arrows as he and his men wanted. Two were run through with swords and bled to death. Then the Nina and the Pinta set sail for the Azores and Spain. When the weather turned cold, the Indian prisoners began to die.

Columbus’s report to the Court in Madrid was extravagant. He insisted he had reached Asia (it was Cuba) and an island off the coast of China (Hispaniola). His descriptions were part fact, part fiction:

Hispaniola is a miracle. Mountains and hills, plains and pastures, are both fertile and beautiful … the harbors are unbelievably good and there are many wide rivers of which the majority contain gold… . There are many spices, and great mines of gold and other metals….

The Indians, Columbus reported, “are so naive and so free with their possessions that no one who has not witnessed them would believe it. When you ask for something they have, they never say no. To the contrary, they offer to share with anyone….” He concluded his report by asking for a little help from their Majesties, and in return he would bring them from his next voyage “as much gold as they need … and as many slaves as they ask.” He was full of religious talk: “Thus the eternal God, our Lord, gives victory to those who follow His way over apparent impossibilities.”

Because of Columbus’s exaggerated report and promises, his second expedition was given seventeen ships and more than twelve hundred men. The aim was clear: slaves and gold. They went from island to island in the Caribbean, taking Indians as captives. But as word spread of the Europeans’ intent they found more and more empty villages. On Haiti, they found that the sailors left behind at Fort Navidad had been killed in a battle with the Indians, after they had roamed the island in gangs looking for gold, taking women and children as slaves for sex and labor.

Now, from his base on Haiti, Columbus sent expedition after expedition into the interior. They found no gold fields, but had to fill up the ships returning to Spain with some kind of dividend. In the year 1495, they went on a great slave raid, rounded up fifteen hundred Arawak men, women, and children, put them in pens guarded by Spaniards and dogs, then picked the five hundred best specimens to load onto ships. Of those five hundred, two hundred died en route. The rest arrived alive in Spain and were put up for sale by the archdeacon of the town, who reported that, although the slaves were “naked as the day they were born,” they showed “no more embarrassment than animals.” Columbus later wrote: “Let us in the name of the Holy Trinity go on sending all the slaves that can be sold.”

But too many of the slaves died in captivity. And so Columbus, desperate to pay back dividends to those who had invested, had to make good his promise to fill the ships with gold. In the province of Cicao on Haiti, where he and his men imagined huge gold fields to exist, they ordered all persons fourteen years or older to collect a certain quantity of gold every three months. When they brought it, they were given copper tokens to hang around their necks. Indians found without a copper token had their hands cut off and bled to death.

The Indians had been given an impossible task. The only gold around was bits of dust garnered from the streams. So they fled, were hunted down with dogs, and were killed.

Trying to put together an army of resistance, the Arawaks faced Spaniards who had armor, muskets, swords, horses. When the Spaniards took prisoners they hanged them or burned them to death. Among the Arawaks, mass suicides began, with cassava poison. Infants were killed to save them from the Spaniards. In two years, through murder, mutilation, or suicide, half of the 250,000 Indians on Haiti were dead.

When it became clear that there was no gold left, the Indians were taken as slave labor on huge estates, known later as encomiendas. They were worked at a ferocious pace, and died by the thousands. By the year 1515, there were perhaps fifty thousand Indians left. By 1550, there were five hundred. A report of the year 1650 shows none of the original Arawaks or their descendants left on the island.

The chief source-and, on many matters the only source-of information about what happened on the islands after Columbus came is Bartolome de las Casas, who, as a young priest, participated in the conquest of Cuba. For a time he owned a plantation on which Indian slaves worked, but he gave that up and became a vehement critic of Spanish cruelty. Las Casas transcribed Columbus’s journal and, in his fifties, began a multivolume History of the Indies. In it, he describes the Indians. They are agile, he says, and can swim long distances, especially the women. They are not completely peaceful, because they do battle from time to time with other tribes, but their casualties seem small, and they fight when they are individually moved to do so because of some grievance, not on the orders of captains or kings.

Women in Indian society were treated so well as to startle the Spaniards. Las Casas describes sex relations:

Marriage laws are non-existent men and women alike choose their mates and leave them as they please, without offense, jealousy or anger. They multiply in great abundance; pregnant women work to the last minute and give birth almost painlessly; up the next day, they bathe in the river and are as clean and healthy as before giving birth. If they tire of their men, they give themselves abortions with herbs that force stillbirths, covering their shameful parts with leaves or cotton cloth; although on the whole, Indian men and women look upon total nakedness with as much casualness as we look upon a man’s head or at his hands.

The Indians, Las Casas says, have no religion, at least no temples. They live in

large communal bell-shaped buildings, housing up to 600 people at one time … made of very strong wood and roofed with palm leaves…. They prize bird feathers of various colors, beads made of fishbones, and green and white stones with which they adorn their ears and lips, but they put no value on gold and other precious things. They lack all manner of commerce, neither buying nor selling, and rely exclusively on their natural environment for maintenance. They are extremely generous with their possessions and by the same token covet the possessions of their friends and expect the same degree of liberality. …

In Book Two of his History of the Indies, Las Casas (who at first urged replacing Indians by black slaves, thinking they were stronger and would survive, but later relented when he saw the effects on blacks) tells about the treatment of the Indians by the Spaniards. It is a unique account and deserves to be quoted at length:

Endless testimonies . .. prove the mild and pacific temperament of the natives…. But our work was to exasperate, ravage, kill, mangle and destroy; small wonder, then, if they tried to kill one of us now and then…. The admiral, it is true, was blind as those who came after him, and he was so anxious to please the King that he committed irreparable crimes against the Indians….

Las Casas tells how the Spaniards “grew more conceited every day” and after a while refused to walk any distance. They “rode the backs of Indians if they were in a hurry” or were carried on hammocks by Indians running in relays. “In this case they also had Indians carry large leaves to shade them from the sun and others to fan them with goose wings.”

Total control led to total cruelty. The Spaniards “thought nothing of knifing Indians by tens and twenties and of cutting slices off them to test the sharpness of their blades.” Las Casas tells how “two of these so-called Christians met two Indian boys one day, each carrying a parrot; they took the parrots and for fun beheaded the boys.”

The Indians’ attempts to defend themselves failed. And when they ran off into the hills they were found and killed. So, Las Casas reports, “they suffered and died in the mines and other labors in desperate silence, knowing not a soul in the world to whom they could turn for help.” He describes their work in the mines:

… mountains are stripped from top to bottom and bottom to top a thousand times; they dig, split rocks, move stones, and carry dirt on their backs to wash it in the rivers, while those who wash gold stay in the water all the time with their backs bent so constantly it breaks them; and when water invades the mines, the most arduous task of all is to dry the mines by scooping up pansful of water and throwing it up outside….

After each six or eight months’ work in the mines, which was the time required of each crew to dig enough gold for melting, up to a third of the men died.

While the men were sent many miles away to the mines, the wives remained to work the soil, forced into the excruciating job of digging and making thousands of hills for cassava plants.

Thus husbands and wives were together only once every eight or ten months and when they met they were so exhausted and depressed on both sides … they ceased to procreate. As for the newly born, they died early because their mothers, overworked and famished, had no milk to nurse them, and for this reason, while I was in Cuba, 7000 children died in three months. Some mothers even drowned their babies from sheer desperation…. in this way, husbands died in the mines, wives died at work, and children died from lack of milk . .. and in a short time this land which was so great, so powerful and fertile … was depopulated. … My eyes have seen these acts so foreign to human nature, and now I tremble as I write. …

When he arrived on Hispaniola in 1508, Las Casas says, “there were 60,000 people living on this island, including the Indians; so that from 1494 to 1508, over three million people had perished from war, slavery, and the mines. Who in future generations will believe this? I myself writing it as a knowledgeable eyewitness can hardly believe it….”

Thus began the history, five hundred years ago, of the European invasion of the Indian settlements in the Americas. That beginning, when you read Las Casas-even if his figures are exaggerations (were there 3 million Indians to begin with, as he says, or less than a million, as some historians have calculated, or 8 million as others now believe?)-is conquest, slavery, death. When we read the history books given to children in the United States, it all starts with heroic adventure-there is no bloodshed-and Columbus Day is a celebration.

Past the elementary and high schools, there are only occasional hints of something else. Samuel Eliot Morison, the Harvard historian, was the most distinguished writer on Columbus, the author of a multivolume biography, and was himself a sailor who retraced Columbus’s route across the Atlantic. In his popular book Christopher Columbus, Mariner, written in 1954, he tells about the enslavement and the killing: “The cruel policy initiated by Columbus and pursued by his successors resulted in complete genocide.”

That is on one page, buried halfway into the telling of a grand romance. In the book’s last paragraph, Morison sums up his view of Columbus:

He had his faults and his defects, but they were largely the defects of the qualities that made him great-his indomitable will, his superb faith in God and in his own mission as the Christ-bearer to lands beyond the seas, his stubborn persistence despite neglect, poverty and discouragement. But there was no flaw, no dark side to the most outstanding and essential of all his qualities-his seamanship.

One can lie outright about the past. Or one can omit facts which might lead to unacceptable conclusions. Morison does neither. He refuses to lie about Columbus. He does not omit the story of mass murder; indeed he describes it with the harshest word one can use: genocide.

But he does something else-he mentions the truth quickly and goes on to other things more important to him. Outright lying or quiet omission takes the risk of discovery which, when made, might arouse the reader to rebel against the writer. To state the facts, however, and then to bury them in a mass of other information is to say to the reader with a certain infectious calm: yes, mass murder took place, but it’s not that important-it should weigh very little in our final judgments; it should affect very little what we do in the world.

It is not that the historian can avoid emphasis of some facts and not of others. This is as natural to him as to the mapmaker, who, in order to produce a usable drawing for practical purposes, must first flatten and distort the shape of the earth, then choose out of the bewildering mass of geographic information those things needed for the purpose of this or that particular map.

My argument cannot be against selection, simplification, emphasis, which are inevitable for both cartographers and historians. But the map-maker’s distortion is a technical necessity for a common purpose shared by all people who need maps. The historian’s distortion is more than technical, it is ideological; it is released into a world of contending interests, where any chosen emphasis supports (whether the historian means to or not) some kind of interest, whether economic or political or racial or national or sexual.

Furthermore, this ideological interest is not openly expressed in the way a mapmaker’s technical interest is obvious (“This is a Mercator projection for long-range navigation-for short-range, you’d better use a different projection”). No, it is presented as if all readers of history had a common interest which historians serve to the best of their ability. This is not intentional deception; the historian has been trained in a society in which education and knowledge are put forward as technical problems of excellence and not as tools for contending social classes, races, nations.

To emphasize the heroism of Columbus and his successors as navigators and discoverers, and to de-emphasize their genocide, is not a technical necessity but an ideological choice. It serves- unwittingly-to justify what was done. My point is not that we must, in telling history, accuse, judge, condemn Columbus in absentia. It is too late for that; it would be a useless scholarly exercise in morality. But the easy acceptance of atrocities as a deplorable but necessary price to pay for progress (Hiroshima and Vietnam, to save Western civilization; Kronstadt and Hungary, to save socialism; nuclear proliferation, to save us all)-that is still with us. One reason these atrocities are still with us is that we have learned to bury them in a mass of other facts, as radioactive wastes are buried in containers in the earth. We have learned to give them exactly the same proportion of attention that teachers and writers often give them in the most respectable of classrooms and textbooks. This learned sense of moral proportion, coming from the apparent objectivity of the scholar, is accepted more easily than when it comes from politicians at press conferences. It is therefore more deadly.

Bolding is mine.

          The Bahamas beach where piggies swim      Cache   Translate Page      
If you're waiting to fulfill any life goals until pigs fly, heads up: There are swine swimming in the Bahamas already.

          The Bahamas beach where piggies swim      Cache   Translate Page      
If you're waiting to fulfill any life goals until pigs fly, heads up: There are swine swimming in the Bahamas already.
          Truth.      Cache   Translate Page      
Some view Trump and Trumpism as an aberration of what America is. Yet, nothing can be further form the truth. Trump's agenda is not new. Trump is evil, but he is product of the corruption found in America spanning centuries. When America was founded, my people were classified as 3/5s of a person and women didn't have the right to vote. Even as late as the 1960's, in some states, a woman couldn't own a bank account (or get a loan) without a man's permission. That's illogical and wrong, but that was the law in many states back then. America itself was founded on the enslavement of black Africans and on the genocide of indigenous peoples. Back before 1965, many non whites were banned from coming into America. During the late 19th century and early 20th century, Chinese people weren't allowed to go into America. Even the Supreme Court once condoned Jim Crow apartheid, racial slavery, and Japanese American internment. During this year alone, the Supreme Court has once again endorse evil policies like upholding the Muslim ban, harming unionism, etc.

Today, Trump has banned certainly majority Muslim nations from sending its citizens into America for immigration. Back then, Japanese Americans were placed into internment camps including some German plus Italian Americans. Today, many undocumented immigrants are detained including children at internment camps, which is cruel. Back in the 1920's, Klanspeople marched in the thousands in Washington, D.C. Black people experienced lynchings and police brutality back then, and today, many black people still unfortunately experience brutality and racism. Recently, in 2017, neo-Nazis and neo-Confederates marched in Charlottesville, Virginia to spread racism, anti-Semitism, and bigotry. Not only has Trump praised these racists, but he has called on the police to be abusive against suspects. From Trump's disgraceful response to Puerto Rico (during the aftermath of Hurricane Maria) to his support of the liar Kavanaugh, we face a continuation of the reactionary threat to our human liberties. We have to be focused and vote. We are concerned about real issues like education, health care, our civil liberties, our communities, and the preservation plus the strengthening of our social safety net. Therefore, this is our land too and we have the right to have justice and freedom.

Today is certainly an unique day. While many people on this day praise a war criminal, others praise the heroic resistance of the indigenous peoples of the Americas against imperialism. Christopher Columbus was an imperialist, a supporter of racism, a supporter of rape, and he allowed his vindictive allies to murder innocent Native American human beings. He worked under the Spanish monarchy to organize a trade route in expanding European colonialism and imperialism worldwide. He used religious deception and lies as a way for him to advance his goals too. Columbus was born in Italy. He established four voyages to go to the Caribbean. He never traveled into the continental United States of America. During his first trip, he came into the Bahamas and then Cuba where he found the Lucayan, Taíno, and Arawak Native Americans human beings.

Michele de Cuneo, who was part of the 2nd voyage, admitted in a letter that Christopher Columbus kidnapped a Native American Carib woman and his crew raped the woman with a rope, etc. After an attack by more than 2,000 Native Americans, Columbus had an underling, Alonso de Ojeda, bring him three Native Americans. Columbus ordered the Native Americans to be publicly beheaded. Ojeda also ordered his men to grab another Native American, bring him to the middle of his village, and "'cut off his ears." Columbus enslaved more than one thousand human beings from Hispaniola. Columbus lusted for gold and threatened the indigenous people about it.

By 1548, only about 5000 Native peoples lived in Hispaniola (which was a result of warfare against them, harsh enslavement, diseases like smallpox, etc.). Caribs and Taino peoples suffered tyranny as a result of European imperialism. Columbus also ordered the whipping of even Spanish people including women in graphic terms. Many of them were lashed with whips too. A number of returning settlers and sailors lobbied against Columbus at the Spanish court, accusing him and his brothers of gross mismanagement. Columbus had some of his crew hanged for disobedience. He wanted to enslave Hispaniola indigenous peoples for economic purposes. Other reports show Columbus doing other grotesque actions against women and men that I can't mention here. It's that graphic. Christopher Columbus was a known slave owner. In just two years under Columbus's governorship more than half of the 250,000 Arawaks in Haiti were dead. Therefore, Christopher Columbus was no hero. We shouldn't celebrate this wicked abuser of humankind.

We should celebrate the courage of the indigenous peoples instead on this day. That is why many American cities have renamed this day from Columbus Day to Indigenous Peoples Day. It isn't surprising that Trump has praised Columbus (who allowed his soldiers to murder, rape, and harm Arawak, Taino, and other indigenous human beings. The Arawak resisted occupation too courageously) since Trump is in league with authoritarianism and xenophobic far right nationalism instead of progressive human liberation. Columbus was a notorious terrorist and a disgraceful person. On the date of October 8, 2018, we express our further commitment to freedom and justice.

By Timothy
          Boating in Cuba, Mexico, Panama... etc...      Cache   Translate Page      
With the realization that my boat's insurance is only good for the USA and Bahamas... what do the "big dogs" do for insurance. Cruisers, etc. Say...
          Humor: 25 Fotos que demuestran que algunas chicas son verdaderas reinas de situaciones incómodas      Cache   Translate Page      

Una molestia inesperada le puede suceder a cualquiera de nosotros. Pero por alguna razón algunas chicas tienen talento para meterse en situaciones curiosas e incómodas con una gracia especial. Solo las salva que aparte de este talento tienen mucha capacidad para burlarse de sí mismas. Echa un vistazo: “En una tienda online me dijeron que puedo pedir una máscara para probar” ¡Oh, esta brecha eterna entre chicas emocionales y hombres insensibles! “Los muchachos que antes vivían en nuestra casa nos vinieron a visitar y les pregunté sobre el agujero en el techo. No sé qué esperaba, pero definitivamente esto no” Siempre vale la pena recordar que el que ríe último ríe mejor Yo, cuando me desperté — Yo, cuando me preparé para salir Los vendedores dulces son un arma secreta del capitalismo Cuando todo está claro sin más preámbulos “Marido imbécil” Obstáculos inesperados en el camino de ser irresistible “Mi gato decidió que el lápiz labial es un gran juguete” “¿Por qué mi abuela le hace a mi prima estos peinados locos?” Hay cosas más importantes que el romance “Este verano, mi esposo y yo nos casamos en nuestro patio trasero. Aquí está mi foto favorita de este día memorable” Cuando quisiste una hermosa foto en las Bahamas, pero te mordieron en la pierna “Mi madre borró a tantas amigas de su vida que en esta foto se quedó ella sola y un grupo de damas “sin cabeza” La maternidad es el trabajo más subestimado del mundo No es fácil parecerse a las chicas de Instagram Todas las chicas saben esto “Se activó una alarma contra incendios en un centro comercial, y estas chicas salieron del edificio con bandejas de comida. ¡Estas son las verdaderas prioridades!” La más trágica historia de amor “Mi hermana tomó accidentalmente un peine con cuchilla para peinarse” Una forma original de volver locos a los demás “Me tomaba fotos hermosas hasta que llegó mi ‘hijo’ y arruinó todo” El momento en que te das cuenta de que ser una adulta no es nada del otro mundo “Decidí hacerme un bronceado de salón para mi cumpleaños, pero puse la red para el cabello demasiado baja. Aquí está el ‘asombroso’ resultado” Cada chica puede compartir mil y una historias sobre los intentos de seducción más ridículos ¿Tienes historias sobre cosas ridículas? ¿O recientemente has sufrido situaciones incómodas?

La entrada Humor: 25 Fotos que demuestran que algunas chicas son verdaderas reinas de situaciones incómodas se publicó primero en Difundir.ORG.

          Relieve Stress – These 7 Strong Anxiety Minimizing Techniques Are No cost      Cache   Translate Page      

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