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          ‘I Am Not A Witch’ is a remarkable, strange and politically potent first film      Cache   Translate Page      
In Zambia, a young girl is sent to a “witch camp” in this parable about female subjugation.
          Zambian players pay respects to 1993 plane crash victims(       Cache   Translate Page      
Gabon is a country of both heart-wrenching tragedy and unbridled joy for many Zambians, but whatever the emotion it will never be forgotten by fans of the national team. Twenty-five years on, Chipolopolo players returned to the scene of both their greatest triumph and their darkest hour on Wednesday as they went to pay their respects close to the scene of the horrific plane crash in 1993 that killed 18 of their national team predecessors, and 30 people in all. It was a loss of life that was hard...
          Court frees convicted ex-Zambian Vice President because he is a pastor      Cache   Translate Page      
A Zambian court has ruled that a former Vice-President, Nevers Mumba, would not go to jail, even though, he had been convicted because he pastors a church. Mumba was convicted on charges of abuse of authority of office while he served as the country’s High Commissioner to Canada between 2009 and 2011. However, he would […]
          Camacho, destituido como seleccionador de Gabón      Cache   Translate Page      
José Antonio Camacho ha sido destituido este miércoles como seleccionador de Gabón tras sufrir una derrota por 0-1 en un amistoso disputado el martes contra Zambia, informa la agencia estatal gabonesa AGP. El presidente de la Federación...
          Re: Zambia males      Cache   Translate Page      
visit Chez Ntemba in Lusaka you will find nice guys there but be kind of discrete as possible
          Looking for Zambian Companion      Cache   Translate Page      
I will be traveling to Zambia for the first time in January 2014. Looking for a young man to join me as a research assistant and companion. Please contact me at silverspringbonedaddy@gmail.com for details.
          Re: Places In Zambia      Cache   Translate Page      
I thought gay sex was not legal in Zambia, and had harse penalties.
          re:Zimbabwe      Cache   Translate Page      
In Zambia and In the Closet. No but the gay scene here is happening but very much on the dl
          Australian Teams Learn Youth Olympics Pools & Schedules      Cache   Translate Page      
The International Hockey Federation (FIH) and the Buenos Aires 2018 Youth Olympic Games organising committee have revealed the Pools and Match Schedule for the Hockey events where Australia will compete. To view the full match schedule, click here. In the women’s competition, Pool A includes Argentina, Austria, India, South Africa, Uruguay and Vanuatu, while Pool B involves Australia, China, Mexico, Namibia, Poland and Zimbabwe. In the men’s event, Argentina, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Vanuatu and Zambia will compete in Pool A, while Pool B will see Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Canada, India and Kenya go head to head. The Pool stages will take place between Sunday 7 and Thursday 11 October. Classification and Quarter-Final matches will then be held on Friday 12 October, with further classification matches plus the Semi-Finals on Saturday 13 October. The 7/8th and 5/6th matches then take place on Sunday 14 October before the medal matches. The men’s bronze is at 13:00 followed by the women’s at 14:00. The finalists will then go head to head for the gold medals at 15:00 (men) and 16:30 (women) – all times local (ART). Many of these teams are participating in their first ever Youth Olympic Games. This includes Argentina, Austria, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Poland and Vanuatu in the men’s event and Australia, Austria, India, Mexico, Namibia, Poland, Vanuatu and Zimbabwe and in the women’s competition. With nations participating from every continent, this edition of the Youth Olympic Games is set to be hugely entertaining, with the future of the game showcasing their raw talent on the global stage. Taking place in the Youth Olympic Park in the southern area of the city, the Hockey5s events are set to take centre stage with hosts Argentina expected to attract large numbers of local fans, renowned for their passionate support of the sport. The last edition of this event in Nanjing, China in 2014 saw this year’s participants Australia win gold and Canada silver in the men’s event, with China winning gold and Argentina taking bronze in the women’s event. For more information about the Buenos Aires 2018 Youth Olympic Games hockey events, visit the official website. #YOG2018 Selected Australian Teams: Men’s Hockey Lain Carr (18), Matcham, NSW James Collins (18), Perth, WA Miles Davis (17), Sydney NSW Brad Marais (18), Melbourne VIC Craig Marais (16), Melbourne, VIC Alistair Murray (18), Tincurrin, WA Jed Snowden (16), Melbourne, VIC Christian Starkie (17), Perth, WA Ben White (18), Blackburn, VIC Women’s Hockey Caitlin Cooper (17), Perth, WA Naomi Duncan (16), Sydney, NSW Amy Lawton (16), Emerald, VIC Morgan Mathison (18), Gold Coast, QLD Indianna Robertson (18), Bentleigh, VIC Courtney Schonell (17), Narellan Vale, NSW Jolie Sertorio (16), Peppermint Grove, WA Maddison Smith (18), Albion Park, NSW Grace Young (15), Yowie Bay, NSW
          Zambian players pay respects to 1993 victims
      Cache   Translate Page      
Chipolopolo players paid their respects on Wednesday close to the scene of the 1993 plane crash that killed 18 of their national team predecessors.
          Za 500 lat gdy ktoś powie że jest szambiarzem to też będzie uznany za chorego psychicznie tak jak dzisiaj rycerze?      Cache   Translate Page      
Brak szczegółów

Źródło: Zapytaj.onet.pl
                Cache   Translate Page      
Mauritius: Bitter Feud Over UK's Last Remaining African Colony
A group of six Chagossians based in the Seychelles when visiting the archipelago after the British government allowed them to visit the islands for a week in May 2015.

The future of an Indian Ocean archipelago which is the last remaining African colony of the old British Empire came into sharp focus at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) last week.

Legalbrief reports that the Chagos Islands were home to a Bourbonnais Creole-speaking people for more than 150 years until the UK evicted them between 1967 and 1973 to allow the US to build a military base on Diego Garcia. As a result, the 2 000 residents were sent to Mauritius and the Seychelles.

A report on the Quartz Africa site notes that while Mauritius obtained its independence in 1968, the islands remained under British control and an immigration order preventing Chagossians from returning was issued in 1971. Australia, Israel and the US are backing the UK stance while Mauritius has the support of 17 countries (Argentina, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Cyprus, Germany, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Marshall Islands, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Serbia, South Africa, Thailand, Vanuatu and Zambia).

The UK used its platform at The Hague to apologise for the 'shameful way' residents of the disputed territory were evicted. However, it insisted that Mauritius was wrong to bring the dispute over ownership of the islands by saying the matter was 'purely a bilateral issue'.A report on the Al Jazeera site notes that UK Solicitor-General Robert Buckland asked the judges to 'decline the request for an advisory opinion'.

Mauritius' lawyers said the Chagos Islands were 'integral' to its territory and it was handed to the UK 'under duress'. 'More than 50 years after independence... the process of decolonisation of Mauritius remains incomplete,' former Mauritian President Anerood Jugnauth told The Hague-based court.

The Guardian reports that Mauritius' Defence Minister Sir Anerood Jugnauth told the court that his country was coerced into giving up a large swathe of its territory before independence. That separation was in breach of UN resolution 1514, passed in 1960, which specifically banned the break-up of colonies before independence, the Mauritian Government argued before the UN-backed court, which specialises in territorial and border disputes between states.

'I am the only one still alive among those who participated in the Mauritius constitutional conference at Lancaster House (in London) in 1965, where talks on the ultimate status of Mauritius were held. Those talks resulted in the unlawful detachment of an integral part of our territory on the eve of our independence,' he said.

Jugnauth added that the 'secret meetings' were not made known to the other Mauritian representatives 'although we were later told of the immense pressure that was imposed on the small group'. The Telegraph reports that the hearing is seen as a critical test of Britain's diplomatic clout in the Brexit era, after it failed to rally enough to support to prevent the UN General Assembly adopting the resolution that led to this week's hearing.

Legalbrief reports that Ndivhuwo Mabaya, spokesperson for South Africa's Department of International Cooperation said it is the duty of every member state of the UN to leave no stone unturned to assist the General Assembly 'to remove the last vestiges of colonialism and for all peoples to achieve self-determination and freedom'.

In an interesting twist, the Chagos community in the Seychelles has expressed concerns over the Mauritian Government's demands. Pierre Prosper, chairperson of the Chagos Association in Seychelles, reportedly told the S eychelles News Agency that the government's interest is commercial and has nothing to do with the welfare of the Chagos community.

          Text messages urge Zambians to report online child abuse      Cache   Translate Page      

Alerts sent to every citizen encourage use of portal where illegal images and videos can be flagged up anonymously

Text messages urging people to report online child abuse were sent to every Zambian national on Tuesday, as the country launched a crackdown on illegal images.

Zambia is the latest southern African country to set up a portal for reporting abusive images or videos that allows members of the public to report online content anonymously. Disclosures will be analysed by the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF), a British charity that works with internet companies, governments and law enforcement to remove illegal images.

Continue reading...
          Kenya: Animated Video on Cross-Border Migrant Child Protection      Cache   Translate Page      
Organization: Save the Children
Country: Kenya
Closing date: 20 Sep 2018

Terms of Reference for Animated Video on Cross-Border Migrant Child Protection Mechanisms and Publication of Guidebook in line with Save the Children Branding Guidelines

  1. Background: Cross Border Coordination Mechanisms in East and Southern Africa

The last decade has seen a dramatic increase in the global mobility of people. The global regular migrant stock had reached 258 million by late 2017.1 Migrants from poorer countries, which are often harder to capture in official data, are of particular concern from a development and humanitarian perspective: they are often amongst the most vulnerable populations. Because of the overall rise of movement of people, there is also a marked increase of Children on the Move. This is particularly true for East and Southern Africa: even though children make up roughly 15% of the global international migrant stock, this proportion is dramatically larger in East and Southern Africa with 28.2% of recorded migrants being children.2 In some countries this ratio is even higher, with Ethiopia having 47% migrant children.

In many countries in East and Southern Africa clear child protection legislation is in place, but often it is only implicitly and by extension protecting migrant children, failing to recognize their specific risks.

The comprehensive protection of unaccompanied and separated migrant children (USMC) requires the coordination and cooperation of a large range of stakeholders, often from more than one country. Government departments mandated to protect vulnerable children have to interact with immigration and internal affairs departments, departments of education and health, and more particularly across borders, the protection of USMC requires close coordination between governments to ensure that case management is not disrupted or impeded by the national border, ensuring that the children's best interest is the most important guiding principle.

In Southern Africa, over the last 10 years, Save the Children has established bilateral cross-border coordination mechanisms between five governments, growing over the years into a significant improvement in the protection of USMC by harmonising case management, standard operating procedures, and facilitating communication. Save the Children's East and Southern Africa Regional Office's Regional Programming Unit (RPU) continues to work towards expanding the bilateral meetings, particularly in East Africa. In order to communicate this cost effective and successful approach to strengthening the protection of USMC, the RPU is looking to create a short form animated video and a high quality publication.

The video is intended to illustrate the cross-border mechanisms and how in the past 10 years, Save the Children, with support from various donors, has grown a bilateral meeting discussing USMC cases between South Africa and Zimbabwe into a regional mechanism covering most of Southern Africa. The video will make this complex process understandable to a broader audience, trying to generate interest in the approach amongst key stakeholders, partners and donors. Additionally, the video on the regional process will be a tool for country offices to try and increase government commitment, as well as engage neighbouring countries to expand the mechanism to more borders.

The RPU will additionally write a guidebook on establishing cross-border mechanisms for the protection of USMC. This guidebook will draw on the experience from country offices and the extensive project

1 UN DESA, International Migration Report 2017

2 Using UN DESA Migration Stock Data. Includes Botswana, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, Sudan, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe documentation to develop a practical roadmap to help offer deep insights into the establishment of the meetings. This guide will be written in-house, but it will require graphic design and layout of the text into a publishable and printable PDF that conforms with the Save the Children branding guidelines, which will also nclude the design of key illustrations and visual elements.

  1. Save the Children - Regional Children on the Move Programme in East and Southern Africa The Regional Programming Unit's (RPU) Children on the Move programme seeks to protect children at risk of or undertaking unaccompanied and unsafe migration in East and Southern Africa through improved national and transnational migration management, including case management and access to child protection systems. It currently coordinates these efforts in Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  2. Improved transnational cooperation and responsibility-sharing between governments to realise durable solutions for children affected by mixed migration.

  3. Develop an expanded evidence base to guide quality programming on addressing root causes of irregular migration, early unaccompanied economic migration, and preventing unsafe migration in East and Southern Africa.

  4. Improved family tracing and reunification procedures and case management to increase successful reunifications for children crossing borders between Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The programme is also working with four partners in Botswana and Swaziland, integrating them into the broader COM programme that is active in Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, in order to achieve that:

  • Children at risk of unaccompanied and unsafe migration in East and Southern Africa access essential and integrated protection, education and health services in countries of origin, transit and destination.

  • Civil society organizations are empowered to strengthen child protection and other essential services for child on the move, including survivors of sexual violence and exploitation in border towns, in Botswana, Swaziland, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Africa.

  • Communities, including children, are empowered to transform existing social norms that perpetuate children's vulnerability to violence, incl. unsafe migration, PHP and sexual violence.

The RPU further provides cross-learning platforms and opportunities to exchange best practice and build a community of practice focused on child migration. At country level, programmes are context specific, utilizing evidence of national migration dynamics to try and effectively prevent unsafe migration by addressing push factors (e.g. through income generating projects, skills training of adolescents, positive discipline work to address violence at home and in schools) and strengthening national child protection systems to include migrant children (e.g. including unaccompanied and separated migrant children in alternative care systems, developing child migrant specific case management systems, strengthening FTR systems, etc.).

  1. Objective and Scope of Work

The required work is comprised of two components:

Component 1 - Five Minute Video

A short five-minute video, 2D or 3D animated, illustrating the cross-border coordination mechanism, including establishing of the meetings, the programming approach and the benefits of the cooperation of governments to the protection of USMC to a broad audience, including potential donors, NGOs, and government stakeholders.

The video should have a memorable, high quality artistic style that captures often complex processes in a simple and easy to understand narrative, featuring professional voice-overs.

For reference, please see screenshots from a previous video produced for a different project:

Component 2 - Graphic Design and Layout of Guidebook

Based on a 40-50 page word document, this component requires the design and layout of a booklet in line with the Save the Children branding guidelines, including illustrations/graphs/figures.

  1. Outputs/Deliverables

The project requires two key outputs:

  • Story board/narrative for 5-minute video for review

  • 5-minute 2D/3D animated video provided in a range of encoding qualities (preferably including UHD)

  • Layout and graphic design of 50 page A4 guidebook for PDF publication and print.

  • Roles and Responsibilities

The Consultant:

  • Regular and transparent reporting on progress to RPU, including any delays or challenges as they develop.

  • Development of visual style and script based on a provided narrative.

  • Development of required 2D or 3D assets.

  • Voice-over services.

  • Animation.

  • Graphic design and layout of 40-50-page document.

Save the Children and RPU: (based in Pretoria and Nairobi)

  • Providing a narrative for the video.

  • Assisting in the process of transforming the narrative into a script.

  • Inputting on visual style of animated video.

  • Providing 40-50-page document for graphic layout.

  • Inputting on visual style of Guidebook on Cross-Border Coordination.

  • Timeframe

  • 3 months - from September to November 2018.

  • Competencies

  • Experience in 2D/3D animations.

  • Experience in visualizing political/advocacy processes.

  • Experience in graphic design and layout of documents/booklets.

  • Experience working in the non -profit sector is an advantage.


How to apply:

Application Email: Please apply with a covering letter and up-to-date CV to: Esaro.procurement@savethechildren.org


          Miradi mikubwa ya Standard Gauge* *Railway ( SGR ) Stiegler's Gorge ( SG ) Gesi Mtwara ( LNG ), Liganga & Mchuchuma n.k, kwa mikopo toka China      Cache   Translate Page      
Ujenzi wa miradi mikubwa ya Standard Gauge* *Railway ( SGR ) Stiegler's Gorge ( SG ) Gesi Mtwara ( LNG ), Liganga & Mchuchuma n.k, kwa mikopo toka China ,Je tutarajie ya Zambia na Sri Lanka? " Amani iwe nanyi " Taarifa toka Zambia zinasema China inajiandaa kuchukua kiwanja cha Ndege cha kimataifa....
          China coloniza África      Cache   Translate Page      
Tan sólo dos trenes cubren semanalmente la ruta entre Kapiri Mposhi, en Zambia, y Dar es Salaam, la capital económica de Tanzania. Sus vetustos vagones trasladan varios miles de toneladas de cobre y cientos de entusiastas turistas que ansían conocer la sabana y bañarse en las aguas turquesas del Índico.
          Zambia starting from 'year zero' says coach Sven Vandenbroeck      Cache   Translate Page      
Zambia coach Sven Vandenbroeck is starting from 'year zero' as he aims to lead the 2012 winners to next year's Africa Cup of Nations.
          Lungu and his ministers the only ones benefiting from Chinese debt      Cache   Translate Page      
305 ViewsEdgar Lungu and his ministers will never suffer even if they resign today because they have benefited from Chinese loans, says Radical Revolutionary Party leader Vincent Chaile. He was reacting to Information Minister Dora Siliya’s insistence that Zambia is not in a debt crisis. The Chief Government Spokesperson must be sincere in her statement […]
          Zambian man stoned to death by South African mob      Cache   Translate Page      
472 ViewsA 28-year-old Zambian national has been killed by a mob in South Africa in a tragic case of mistaken identity, the Zambian High Commission in Pretoria has confirmed. Rabson Zulu was stoned to death by a group of angry taxi and minibus drivers in the town of Klerksdorp, north west, South Africa. This happens a […]
          Premières week 37      Cache   Translate Page      
Wil je ergens in de komende week naar de bioscoop, maar heb je geen idee welke films er allemaal gaan draaien? Hieronder vind je een handig overzicht van alle films die deze week in Nederland in première gaan.

Onze film van de week is Papillon. Naar welke film kijk jij het meeste uit?

Catacombe

Regie: Victor D. Ponten Catacombe
Cast: Willem de Bruin
Kevin Janssens
Liliana de Vries
Genre: Drama
Lengte: 92 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 12 jaar en jonger Geweld Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Profvoetballer Jermaine Slagter slijt zijn laatste dagen bij een Nederlandse club in de kelder van het betaalde voetbal. Het fanatisme waarmee hij de verdedigingslinie aanvoert kan echter steeds minder verhullen dat hij buiten het veld volledig aan de grond zit. Wanneer zijn gokschuld wordt opgeëist door een matchfixingsyndicaat, moet Slagter alles op alles zetten om zijn leven overeind te houden.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

I Am Not a Witch

Regie: Rungano Nyoni I Am Not a Witch
Cast: Maggie Mulubwa
Henry B.J. Phiri
Genre: Drama
Lengte: 93 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 12 jaar en jonger Discriminatie Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Na een incident in haar dorp wordt de 9-jarige Zambiaanse Shula beschuldigd van hekserij. Tijdens de korte rechtszaak wordt ze schuldig bevonden en verbannen naar een heksenkolonie. Haar nieuwe leven bestaat uit werken op het land met de andere heksen en als een attractie te worden bekeken door toeristen. Shula's lot lijkt te verbeteren als meneer Banda zich over haar ontfermt om 'samen zaken te doen' en de publiciteit met haar opzoekt. Terwijl haar leven besloten lijkt, staat het jonge meisje voor de keuze: haar lot als heks accepteren of het risico nemen en voor vrijheid kiezen.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

María by Callas

Regie: Tom Volf María by Callas
Cast:
Genre: Documentaire
Lengte: 113 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Geschikt voor alle leeftijden
Plot: De documentaire Maria By Callas vertelt het levensverhaal van de bekende Amerikaans-Griekse operazanges Maria Callas aan de hand van nooit eerder vertoonde video’s en foto's. De documentaire toont veertig jaar na haar dood persoonlijke Super 8-films, eigen live-opnames, intieme brieven en zeldzame archiefbeelden waarin Maria Callas voor het eerst in kleur achter de schermen te zien is.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

Papillon

Regie: Michael Noer Papillon
Cast: Charlie Hunnam
Rami Malek
Eve Hewson
Genre: Misdaad / drama / mysterie
Lengte: 133 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 16 jaar en jonger Geweld Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Het epische verhaal van Henri "Papillon" Charrière, een kluiskraker uit de Parijse onderwereld die onterecht werd veroordeeld voor moord en daarvoor levenslang krijgt in een beruchte strafkolonie op Devil's Island in Frans-Guyana, Zuid-Amerika. Vastbesloten om zijn vrijheid te herwinnen, vormt Papillon een onwaarschijnlijke alliantie met de eigenaardige veroordeelde vervalser Louis Dega. In ruil voor zijn bescherming gaat hij akkoord met de ontsnapping van Papillon, leidend tot een eeuwige vriendschap.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

The Predator

Regie: Shane Black The Predator
Cast: Boyd Holbrook
Trevante Rhodes
Jacob Tremblay
Genre: Actie / avontuur / horror
Lengte: 107 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 16 jaar en jonger Angst Geweld Grof taalgebruik
Plot: De gevaarlijkste jagers van het universum zijn nu nog sterker, slimmer en dodelijker dan ooit tevoren, doordat ze zichzelf genetisch hebben verbeterd met het DNA van andere soorten. Wanneer een klein jongetje per ongeluk hun terugkeer naar de aarde triggert, kunnen alleen een groep ex-soldaten en een ontevreden docent wetenschappen het einde van de mensheid voorkomen.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

La Prière

Regie: Cédric Kahn La Prière
Cast: Anthony Bajon
Damien Chapelle
Genre: Drama
Lengte: 107 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 9 jaar en jonger Angst Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Thomas belandt in een klooster om af te kicken. Het gebouw ligt op een geïsoleerd bergplateau, omringd door het adembenemende berglandschap van de Franse Alpen. Hij woont er samen met andere verslaafde jongens en er is niets. Geen medicijnen, geen drank en sigaretten. Geen contact met de buitenwereld, ook niet met de meisjes die in een ander complex wonen. Er is geen andere afleiding dan bidden, het samenzijn in de groep en hard werken in de buitenlucht.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

SuperFly

Regie: Director X. SuperFly
Cast: Trevor Jackson
Jason Mitchell
Genre: Actie / misdaad / thriller
Lengte: 116 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 16 jaar en jonger Geweld Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Youngblood Priest is een drugsdealer die er aan zit te denken om te stoppen met de hele handel. Hij wil echter nog één keer een grote slag slaan en dan met het verdiende fortuin een nieuw leven beginnen. De vraag is echter of hem dat wel wordt gegund, want Priest kent nogal wat louche lui.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

          How Djibouti like Zambia is about to loose its port to China      Cache   Translate Page      
(MENAFN Editorial) BEIJING, China, September 13, 2018/APO Group/ -- Beijing's cumulative loans to Africa since 2000 amounted to $124-billion by 2016, according to figures compiled...
          Zambia slumps towards another debt crisis      Cache   Translate Page      

THE cars in Lusaka are moving even more slowly than usual: hidden speed cameras have spooked drivers in Zambia’s capital. The government is desperate for cash, so motorists who speed are being fleeced. The regime has also announced taxes on boreholes, internet calls and even weather reports. “The pressure is falling on the ordinary people,” complains John Phiri, a taxi driver. “All because the state has run up too much credit.”

Concern on the street is mirrored in markets. Of the 75 countries whose bonds make up the Bloomberg Barclays Emerging Markets Index, a basket of sovereign debt, none has performed as badly in 2018 as Zambia (see chart). Given crises in Argentina and Turkey, that is some achievement. “The market is pricing in a default,” notes Gregory Smith of Renaissance Capital, an investment bank. Zambia is therefore a warning for other African countries which also received debt forgiveness in 2005-06 but today find themselves on the verge of another crisis.

Zambia’s...


          Zambia cruise past Lesotho      Cache   Translate Page      
Zambia defeated Lesotho 2-0 in the final game of matchday 2 at the 2018 COSAFA Women's Cup tie at Wolfson Stadium in Nelson Mandela Bay, goals from Misozi Zulu and Barbra Banda securing the points.
          Review: The beguiling 'I Am Not a Witch' is a wickedly smart satire about modern Africa      Cache   Translate Page      

Possibly the year's most audacious film debut, "I Am Not A Witch" has won numerous awards, including Britain's BAFTA for best first feature, and to see it is to understand why.

Written and directed by Zambian-born, Wales-raised Rungano Nyoni, this smart and savage satire is impressive for the way...


          UPDATE 1-Zambia denies it planned to offer power utility as security for Chinese loan      Cache   Translate Page      
LUSAKA, Sept 13- Zambia has not offered any of its state-owned companies as collateral for borrowing, its finance minister said on Thursday. Margaret Mwanakatwe was responding to a report this month by London- based publication Africa Confidential that said Zambia was preparing to offer its power utility to China as security against a loan.
          Dre – Confess (Prod. Dre)      Cache   Translate Page      

For Latest Nigerian Breaking NewsPaper Headlines Today in Nigeria
Dre – Confess (Prod. Dre)

Silentt Music Entertainment recording artiste and producer – Dre continues to build momentum in the Zambian music conversation with the release of his latest soundtrack dotted “Confess“. Confess is a smooth mid-tempo love song engineered by Dre himself. Enjoy and share! https://afrofire.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Dre-Confess-Prod.-Dre.mp3 Download Now

Dre – Confess (Prod. Dre)
Karabo Lesedi


          Botolo Ft. NK Kalu Kaps & Shard K – Babe You Control Me      Cache   Translate Page      

For Latest Nigerian Breaking NewsPaper Headlines Today in Nigeria
Botolo Ft. NK Kalu Kaps & Shard K – Babe You Control Me

Hardworking Zambian artist – Botolo the Great White Elephant is out with a brand new single titled “Babe You Control Me“. This is a rated dancehall/love banger featuring fellow emerging artistes NK Kalu Kaps and Shard K. Cop the track below and share. https://afrofire.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Botolo-Ft.-NK-Kalu-Kaps-Shard-K-Babe-You-Control-Me.mp3 Download Now

Botolo Ft. NK Kalu Kaps & Shard K – Babe You Control Me
Karabo Lesedi


          Review: The beguiling 'I Am Not a Witch' is a wickedly smart satire about modern Africa      Cache   Translate Page      

Possibly the year's most audacious film debut, "I Am Not A Witch" has won numerous awards, including Britain's BAFTA for best first feature, and to see it is to understand why.

Written and directed by Zambian-born, Wales-raised Rungano Nyoni, this smart and savage satire is impressive for the way...


          Zambia cruise past Lesotho      Cache   Translate Page      
Zambia defeated Lesotho 2-0 in the final game of matchday 2 at the 2018 COSAFA Women's Cup tie at Wolfson Stadium in Nelson Mandela Bay, goals from Misozi Zulu and Barbra Banda securing the points.
          How Djibouti like Zambia is about to loose its port to China      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Drupal blog: Who sponsors Drupal development? (2017-2018 edition)      Cache   Translate Page      

This blog has been re-posted and edited with permission from Dries Buytaert's blog. Please leave your comments on the original post.

For the past two years, I've examined Drupal.org's commit data to understand who develops Drupal, how much of that work is sponsored, and where that sponsorship comes from.

I have now reported on this data for three years in a row, which means I can start to better compare year-over-year data. Understanding how an open-source project works is important because it establishes a benchmark for project health and scalability.

I would also recommend taking a look at the 2016 report or the 2017 report. Each report looks at data collected in the 12-month period between July 1st and June 30th.

This year's report affirms that Drupal has a large and diverse community of contributors. In the 12-month period between July 1, 2017 and June 30, 2018, 7,287 different individuals and 1,002 different organizations contributed code to Drupal.org. This include contributions to Drupal core and all contributed projects on Drupal.org.

In comparison to last year's report, both the number of contributors and contributions has increased. Our community of contributors (including both individuals and organizations) is also becoming more diverse. This is an important area of growth, but there is still work to do.

For this report, we looked at all of the issues marked "closed" or "fixed" in our ticketing system in the 12-month period from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018. This includes Drupal core and all of the contributed projects on Drupal.org, across all major versions of Drupal. This year, 24,447 issues were marked "closed" or "fixed", a 5% increase from the 23,238 issues in the 2016-2017 period. This averages out to 67 feature improvements or bug fixes a day.

In total, we captured 49,793 issue credits across all 24,447 issues. This marks a 17% increase from the 42,449 issue credits recorded in the previous year. Of the 49,793 issue credits reported this year, 18% (8,822 credits) were for Drupal core, while 82% (40,971 credits) went to contributed projects.

"Closed" or "fixed" issues are often the result of multiple people working on the issue. We try to capture who contributes through Drupal.org's unique credit system. We used the data from the credit system for this analysis. There are a few limitations with this approach, which we'll address at the end of this report.

What is the Drupal.org credit system?

In the spring of 2015, after proposing ideas for giving credit and discussing various approaches at length, Drupal.org added the ability for people to attribute their work to an organization or customer in the Drupal.org issue queues. Maintainers of Drupal modules, themes, and distributions can award issue credits to people who help resolve issues with code, translations, documentation, design and more.

Example issue credit on drupal org

A screenshot of an issue comment on Drupal.org. You can see that jamadar worked on this patch as a volunteer, but also as part of his day job working for TATA Consultancy Services on behalf of their customer, Pfizer.

Credits are a powerful motivator for both individuals and organizations. Accumulating credits provides individuals with a way to showcase their expertise. Organizations can utilize credits to help recruit developers, to increase their visibility within the Drupal.org marketplace, or to showcase their Drupal expertise.

Who is working on Drupal?

In the 12-month period between July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018, 24,447, Drupal.org received code contributions from 7,287 different individuals and 1,002 different organizations.

Contributions by individuals vs organizations

While the number of individual contributors rose, a relatively small number of individuals still do the majority of the work. Approximately 48% of individual contributors received just one credit. Meanwhile, the top 30 contributors (the top 0.4%) account for more than 24% of the total credits. These individuals put an incredible amount of time and effort in developing Drupal and its contributed projects:

Rank Username Issues
1 RenatoG 851
2 RajabNatshah 745
3 jrockowitz 700
4 adriancid 529
5 bojanz 515
6 Berdir 432
7 alexpott 414
8 mglaman 414
9 Wim Leers 395
10 larowlan 360
11 DamienMcKenna 353
12 dawehner 340
13 catch 339
14 heddn 327
15 xjm 303
16 pifagor 284
17 quietone 261
18 borisson_ 255
19 adci_contributor 255
20 volkswagenchick 254
21 drunken monkey 231
22 amateescu 225
23 joachim 199
24 mkalkbrenner 195
25 chr.fritsch 185
26 gaurav.kapoor 178
27 phenaproxima 177
28 mikeytown2 173
29 joelpittet 170
30 timmillwood 169

Out of the top 30 contributors featured, 15 were also recognized as top contributors in our 2017 report. These Drupalists' dedication and continued contribution to the project has been crucial to Drupal's development. It's also exciting to see 15 new names on the list. This mobility is a testament to the community's evolution and growth. It's also important to recognize that a majority of the 15 repeat top contributors are at least partially sponsored by an organization. We value the organizations that sponsor these remarkable individuals, because without their support, it could be more challenging to be in the top 30 year over year.

How diverse is Drupal?

Next, we looked at both the gender and geographic diversity of Drupal.org code contributors. While these are only two examples of diversity, this is the only available data that contributors can currently choose to share on their Drupal.org profiles. The reported data shows that only 7% of the recorded contributions were made by contributors that do not identify as male, which continues to indicates a steep gender gap. This is a one percent increase compared to last year. The gender imbalance in Drupal is profound and underscores the need to continue fostering diversity and inclusion in our community.

To address this gender gap, in addition to advancing representation across various demographics, the Drupal community is supporting two important initiatives. The first is to adopt more inclusive user demographic forms on Drupal.org. Adopting Open Demographics on Drupal.org will also allow us to improve reporting on diversity and inclusion, which in turn will help us better support initiatives that advance diversity and inclusion. The second initiative is supporting the Drupal Diversity and Inclusion Contribution Team, which works to better include underrepresented groups to increase code and community contributions. The DDI Contribution Team recruits team members from diverse backgrounds and underrepresented groups, and provides support and mentorship to help them contribute to Drupal.

It's important to reiterate that supporting diversity and inclusion within Drupal is essential to the health and success of the project. The people who work on Drupal should reflect the diversity of people who use and work with the software. While there is still a lot of work to do, I'm excited about the impact these various initiatives will have on future reports.

Contributions by gender

When measuring geographic diversity, we saw individual contributors from 6 different continents and 123 different countries:

Contributions by continent

Contributions by country

The top 20 countries from which contributions originate. The data is compiled by aggregating the countries of all individual contributors behind each commit. Note that the geographical location of contributors doesn't always correspond with the origin of their sponsorship. Wim Leers, for example, works from Belgium, but his funding comes from Acquia, which has the majority of its customers in North America.

123 different countries is seven more compared to the 2017 report. The new countries include Rwanda, Namibia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Swaziland, Zambia. Seeing contributions from more African countries is certainly a highlight.

How much of the work is sponsored?

Issue credits can be marked as "volunteer" and "sponsored" simultaneously (shown in jamadar's screenshot near the top of this post). This could be the case when a contributor does the minimum required work to satisfy the customer's need, in addition to using their spare time to add extra functionality.

While Drupal started out as a 100% volunteer-driven project, today the majority of the code on Drupal.org is sponsored by organizations. Only 12% of the commit credits that we examined in 2017-2018 were "purely volunteer" credits (6,007 credits), in stark contrast to the 49% that were "purely sponsored". In other words, there were four times as many "purely sponsored" credits as "purely volunteer" credits.

Contributions by volunteer vs sponsored

A few comparisons between the 2017-2018 and the 2016-2017 data:

  • The credit system is being used more frequently. In total, we captured 49,793 issue credits across all 24,447 issues in the 2017-2018 period. This marks a 17% increase from the 42,449 issue credits recorded in the previous year. Between July 1, 2016 and June 30, 2017, 28% of all credits had no attribution while in the period between July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018, only 25% of credits lacked attribution. More people have become aware of the credit system, the attribution options, and their benefits.
  • Sponsored credits are growing faster than volunteer credits. Both "purely volunteer" and "purely sponsored" credits grew, but "purely sponsored" credits grew faster. There are two reasons why this could be the case: (1) more contributions are sponsored and (2) organizations are more likely to use the credit system compared to volunteers.

No data is perfect, but it feels safe to conclude that most of the work on Drupal is sponsored. At the same time, the data shows that volunteer contribution remains very important to Drupal. Maybe most importantly, while the number of volunteers and sponsors has grown year over year in absolute terms, sponsored contributions appear to be growing faster than volunteer contributions. This is consistent with how open source projects grow and scale.

Who is sponsoring the work?

Now that we've established a majority of contributions to Drupal are sponsored, we want to study which organizations contribute to Drupal. While 1,002 different organizations contributed to Drupal, approximately 50% of them received four credits or less. The top 30 organizations (roughly the top 3%) account for approximately 48% of the total credits, which implies that the top 30 companies play a crucial role in the health of the Drupal project. The graph below shows the top 30 organizations and the number of credits they received between July 1, 2017 and June 30, 2018:

Top 30 organizations contributing to Drupal

The top 30 contributing organizations based on the number of Drupal.org commit credits.

While not immediately obvious from the graph above, a variety of different types of companies are active in Drupal's ecosystem:

Category Description
Traditional Drupal businesses Small-to-medium-sized professional services companies that primarily make money using Drupal. They typically employ fewer than 100 employees, and because they specialize in Drupal, many of these professional services companies contribute frequently and are a huge part of our community. Examples are Chapter Three and Lullabot (both shown on graph).
Digital marketing agencies Larger full-service agencies that have marketing-led practices using a variety of tools, typically including Drupal, Adobe Experience Manager, Sitecore, WordPress, etc. They tend to be larger, with the larger agencies employing thousands of people. Examples are Wunderman and Mirum.
System integrators Larger companies that specialize in bringing together different technologies into one solution. Example system agencies are Accenture, TATA Consultancy Services, Capgemini and CI&T (shown on graph).
Technology and infrastructure companies Examples are Acquia (shown on graph), Lingotek, BlackMesh, Rackspace, Pantheon and Platform.sh.
End-users Examples are Pfizer (shown on graph) or NBCUniversal.

A few observations:

  • Almost all of the sponsors in the top 30 are traditional Drupal businesses. Companies like MD Systems (12 employees), Valuebound (58 employees), Chapter Three (33 employees), Commerce Guys (13 employees) and PreviousNext (22 employees) are, despite their size, critical to Drupal's success.
  • Compared to these traditional Drupal businesses, Acquia has nearly 800 employees and at least ten full-time Drupal contributors. Acquia works to resolve some of the most complex issues on Drupal.org, many of which are not recognized by the credit system (e.g. release management, communication, sprint organizing, and project coordination). Acquia added several full-time contributors compared to last year, however, I believe that Acquia should contribute even more due to its comparative size.
  • No digital marketing agencies show up in the top 30, though some of them are starting to contribute. It's exciting that an increasing number of digital marketing agencies are delivering beautiful experiences using Drupal. As a community, we need to work to ensure that each of these firms are contributing back to the project with the same commitment that we see from firms like Commerce Guys, CI&T or Acro Media. Compared to last year, we have not made meaningful progress on growing contributions from digital marketing agencies. It would be interesting to see what would happen if more large organizations mandated contributions from their partners. Pfizer, for example, only works with agencies and vendors that contribute back to Drupal, and requires that its agency partners contribute to open source. If more organizations took this stance, it could have a big impact on the number of digital agencies that contribute to Drupal
  • The only system integrator in the top 30 is CI&T, which ranked 3rd with 959 credits. As far as system integrators are concerned, CI&T is a smaller player with approximately 2,500 employees. However, we do see various system integrators outside of the top 30, including Globant, Capgemini, Sapient and TATA Consultancy Services. Each of these system integrators reported 30 to 85 credits in the past year. The top contributor is TATA with 85 credits.
  • Infrastructure and software companies also play an important role in our community, yet only Acquia appears in the top 30. While Acquia has a professional services division, more than 75% of the contributions come from the product organization. Other infrastructure companies include Pantheon and Platform.sh, which are both venture-backed, platform-as-a-service companies that were born from the Drupal community. Pantheon has 6 credits and Platform.sh has 47 credits. Amazee Labs, a company that is building an infrastructure business, reported 40 credits. Compared to last year, Acquia and Rackspace have slightly more credits, while Pantheon, Platform.sh and Amazee contributed less. Lingotek, a vendor that offers cloud-based translation management software has 84 credits.
  • We also saw three end-users in the top 30 as corporate sponsors: Pfizer (491 credits, up from 251 credits the year before), Thunder (432 credits), and the German company, bio.logis (319 credits, up from 212 credits the year before). Other notable customers outside of the top 30, include Workday, Wolters Kluwer, Burda Media, YMCA and OpenY, CARD.com and NBCUniversal. We also saw contributions from many universities, including University of Colorado Boulder, University of Waterloo, Princeton University, University of Adelaide, University of Sydney, University of Edinburgh, McGill University and more.

Contributions by technology companies

We can conclude that technology and infrastructure companies, digital marketing agencies, system integrators and end-users are not making significant code contributions to Drupal.org today. How can we explain this disparity in comparison to the traditional Drupal businesses that contribute the most? We believe the biggest reasons are:

  1. Drupal's strategic importance. A variety of the traditional Drupal agencies almost entirely depend on Drupal to support their businesses. Given both their expertise and dependence on Drupal, they are most likely to look after Drupal's development and well-being. Contrast this with most of the digital marketing agencies and system integrators who work with a diversified portfolio of content management platforms. Their well-being is less dependent on Drupal's success.
  2. The level of experience with Drupal and open source. Drupal aside, many organizations have little or no experience with open source, so it is important that we motivate and teach them to contribute.
  3. Legal reservations. We recognize that some organizations are not legally permitted to contribute, let alone attribute their customers. We hope that will change as open source continues to get adopted.
  4. Tools barriers. Drupal contribution still involves a patch-based workflow on Drupal.org's unique issue queue system. This presents a fairly steep learning curve to most developers, who primarily work with more modern and common tools such as GitHub. We hope to lower some of these barriers through our collaboration with GitLab.
  5. Process barriers. Getting code changes accepted into a Drupal project — especially Drupal core — is hard work. Peer reviews, gates such as automated testing and documentation, required sign-offs from maintainers and committers, knowledge of best practices and other community norms are a few of the challenges a contributor must face to get code accepted into Drupal. Collaborating with thousands of people on a project as large and widely-used as Drupal requires such processes, but new contributors often don't know that these processes exist, or don't understand why they exist.

We should do more to entice contribution

Drupal is used by more than one million websites. Everyone who uses Drupal benefits from work that thousands of other individuals and organizations have contributed. Drupal is great because it is continuously improved by a diverse community of contributors who are enthusiastic to give back.

However, the vast majority of the individuals and organizations behind these Drupal websites never participate in the development of the project. They might use the software as it is or don't feel the need to help drive its development. We have to provide more incentive for these individuals and organizations to contribute back to the project.

Consequently, this data shows that the Drupal community can do more to entice companies to contribute code to Drupal.org. The Drupal community has a long tradition of encouraging organizations to share code rather than keep it behind firewalls. While the spirit of the Drupal project cannot be reduced to any single ideology — not every organization can or will share their code — we would like to see organizations continue to prioritize collaboration over individual ownership.

We understand and respect that some can give more than others and that some might not be able to give back at all. Our goal is not to foster an environment that demands what and how others should give back. Our aim is not to criticize those who do not contribute, but rather to help foster an environment worthy of contribution. This is clearly laid out in Drupal's Values and Principles.

Given the vast amount of Drupal users, we believe continuing to encourage organizations and end-users to contribute is still a big opportunity. From my own conversations, it's clear that organizations still need need education, training and help. They ask questions like: "Where can we contribute?", "How can we convince our legal department?", and more.

There are substantial benefits and business drivers for organizations that contribute: (1) it improves their ability to sell and win deals and (2) it improves their ability to hire. Companies that contribute to Drupal tend to promote their contributions in RFPs and sales pitches. Contributing to Drupal also results in being recognized as a great place to work for Drupal experts.

What projects have sponsors?

To understand where the organizations sponsoring Drupal put their money, I've listed the top 20 most sponsored projects:

Rank Project name Issues
1 Drupal core 5919
2 Webform 905
3 Drupal Commerce 607
4 Varbase: The Ultimate Drupal 8 CMS Starter Kit (Bootstrap Ready) 551
5 Commerce Point of Sale (POS) 324
6 Views 318
7 Commerce Migrate 307
8 JSON API 304
9 Paragraphs 272
10 Open Social 222
11 Search API Solr Search 212
12 Drupal Connector for Janrain Identity Cloud 197
13 Drupal.org security advisory coverage applications 189
14 Facets 171
15 Open Y 162
16 Metatag 162
17 Web Page Archive 154
18 Drupal core - JavaScript Modernization Initiative 145
19 Thunder 144
20 XML sitemap 120

Who is sponsoring the top 30 contributors?

Rank Username Issues Volunteer Sponsored Not specified Sponsors
1 RenatoG 851 0% 100% 0% CI&T (850), Johnson & Johnson (23)
2 RajabNatshah 745 14% 100% 0% Vardot (653), Webship (90)
3 jrockowitz 700 94% 97% 1% The Big Blue House (680), Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (7), Rosewood Marketing (2), Kennesaw State University (1)
4 adriancid 529 99% 19% 0% Ville de Montréal (98)
5 bojanz 515 0% 98% 2% Commerce Guys (503), Torchbox (17), Adapt (6), Acro Media (4), Bluespark (1)
6 Berdir 432 0% 92% 8% MD Systems (396), Translations.com (10), Acquia (2)
7 alexpott 414 13% 84% 10% Chapter Three (123), Thunder (120), Acro Media (103)
8 mglaman 414 5% 96% 1% Commerce Guys (393), Impactiv (17), Circle Web Foundry (16), Rosewood Marketing (14), LivePerson (13), Bluespark (4), Acro Media (4), Gaggle.net (3), Thinkbean (2), Matsmart (2)
9 Wim Leers 395 8% 94% 0% Acquia (371)
10 larowlan 360 13% 97% 1% PreviousNext (350), University of Technology, Sydney (24), Charles Darwin University (10), Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) (1), Department of Justice & Regulation, Victoria (1)
11 DamienMcKenna 353 1% 95% 5% Mediacurrent (334)
12 dawehner 340 48% 86% 4% Chapter Three (279), Torchbox (10), Drupal Association (5), Tag1 Consulting (3), Acquia (2), TES Global (1)
13 catch 339 1% 97% 3% Third and Grove (320), Tag1 Consulting (8)
14 heddn 327 2% 99% 1% MTech (325)
15 xjm 303 0% 97% 3% Acquia (293)
16 pifagor 284 32% 99% 1% GOLEMS GABB (423), Drupal Ukraine Community (73)
17 quietone 261 48% 55% 5% Acro Media (143)
18 borisson_ 255 93% 55% 3% Dazzle (136), Intracto digital agency (1), Acquia (1), DUG BE vzw (Drupal User Group Belgium) (1)
19 adci_contributor 255 0% 100% 0% ADCI Solutions (255)
20 volkswagenchick 254 1% 100% 0% Hook 42 (253)
21 drunken monkey 231 91% 22% 0% DBC (24), Vizala (20), Sunlime Web Innovations GmbH (4), Wunder Group (1), epiqo (1), Zebralog (1)
22 amateescu 225 3% 95% 3% Pfizer (211), Drupal Association (1), Chapter Three (1)
23 joachim 199 56% 44% 19% Torchbox (88)
24 mkalkbrenner 195 0% 99% 1% bio.logis (193), OSCE: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (119)
25 chr.fritsch 185 0% 99% 1% Thunder (183)
26 gaurav.kapoor 178 0% 81% 19% OpenSense Labs (144), DrupalFit (55)
27 phenaproxima 177 0% 99% 1% Acquia (176)
28 mikeytown2 173 0% 0% 100%
29 joelpittet 170 28% 74% 16% The University of British Columbia (125)
30 timmillwood 169 1% 100% 0% Pfizer (169), Appnovation (163), Millwood Online (6)

We observe that the top 30 contributors are sponsored by 58 organizations. This kind of diversity is aligned with our desire to make sure that Drupal is not controlled by a single organization. These top contributors and organizations are from many different parts of the world, and work with customers large and small. Nonetheless, we will continue to benefit from an increased distribution of contribution.

Limitations of the credit system and the data

While the benefits are evident, it is important to note a few of the limitations in Drupal.org's current credit system:

  • Contributing to issues on Drupal.org is not the only way to contribute. Other activities, such as sponsoring events, promoting Drupal, and providing help and mentorship are also important to the long-term health of the Drupal project. Many of these activities are not currently captured by the credit system. For this post, we chose to only look at code contributions.
  • We acknowledge that parts of Drupal are developed on GitHub and therefore aren't fully credited on Drupal.org. The actual number of contributions and contributors could be significantly higher than what we report. The Drupal Association is working to integrate GitLab with Drupal.org. GitLab will provide support for "merge requests", which means contributing to Drupal will feel more familiar to the broader audience of open source contributors who learned their skills in the post-patch era. Some of GitLab's tools, such as inline editing and web-based code review, will also lower the barrier to contribution, and should help us grow both the number of contributions and contributors on Drupal.org.
  • Even when development is done on Drupal.org, the credit system is not used consistently. As using the credit system is optional, a lot of code committed on Drupal.org has no or incomplete contribution credits.
  • Not all code credits are the same. We currently don't have a way to account for the complexity and quality of contributions; one person might have worked several weeks for just one credit, while another person might receive a credit for ten minutes of work. In the future, we should consider issuing credit data in conjunction with issue priority, patch size, etc. This could help incentivize people to work on larger and more important problems and save coding standards improvements for new contributor sprints. Implementing a scoring system that ranks the complexity of an issue would also allow us to develop more accurate reports of contributed work.

Like Drupal itself, the Drupal.org credit system needs to continue to evolve. Ultimately, the credit system will only be useful when the community uses it, understands its shortcomings, and suggests constructive improvements.

Conclusion

Our data confirms that Drupal is a vibrant community full of contributors who are constantly evolving and improving the software. While we have amazing geographic diversity, we still need greater gender diversity, in addition to better representation across various demographic groups. Our analysis of the Drupal.org credit data concludes that most contributions to Drupal are sponsored. At the same time, the data shows that volunteer contribution remains very important to Drupal.

As a community, we need to understand that a healthy open source ecosystem includes more than the traditional Drupal businesses that contribute the most. We still don't see a lot of contribution from the larger digital marketing agencies, system integrators, technology companies, or end-users of Drupal — we believe that might come as these organizations build out their Drupal practices and Drupal becomes more strategic for them.

To grow and sustain Drupal, we should support those that contribute to Drupal and find ways to get those that are not contributing involved in our community. We invite you to help us continue to strengthen our ecosystem.


          Review: The beguiling 'I Am Not a Witch' is a wickedly smart satire about modern Africa      Cache   Translate Page      

Possibly the year's most audacious film debut, "I Am Not A Witch" has won numerous awards, including Britain's BAFTA for best first feature, and to see it is to understand why.

Written and directed by Zambian-born, Wales-raised Rungano Nyoni, this smart and savage satire is impressive for the way...


          Review: The beguiling 'I Am Not a Witch' is a wickedly smart satire about modern Africa      Cache   Translate Page      

Possibly the year's most audacious film debut, "I Am Not A Witch" has won numerous awards, including Britain's BAFTA for best first feature, and to see it is to understand why.

Written and directed by Zambian-born, Wales-raised Rungano Nyoni, this smart and savage satire is impressive for the way...


          Robust commodity demand expected, driven by China, India and other emerging economies      Cache   Translate Page      
A private equity mining investor with an 80% stake in a Zambian copper mine, Australia’s EMR Capital, is betting on demand from emerging economies as the main factor that will drive commodity markets over the long term. EMR Capital’s Executive Chairman, Owen Hegarty, recently told the Paydirt Africa Down Under conference in Perth, Australia, that […]
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A 28 year old Zambian national has been stoned to death by a group of enraged taxi and minibus drivers in a town of Klerksdorp, North West, South Africa. Rabson Zulu, holder of passport number 528427 was stabbed with a knife before being stoned to death together with four (4) other foreign nationals by a […]
          Quantitative Analyst at IHS Towers      Cache   Translate Page      
IHS Towers is the largest independent mobile telecommunications infrastructure provider in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Founded in 2001, IHS provides services across the full tower value chain - colocation on owned towers, deployment and managed services. Today IHS Towers has operations in Nigeria, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Zambia and Rwanda. Following the recent acquisitions of MTN and Etisalat's tower portfolios in Nigeria, IHS owns over 23,300 towers in Africa.Reports To: Senior Manager - Business Planning & Intelligence Summary This position is responsible for developing statistical and optimization models and tools to assist the Business Planning & Intelligence team within Finance to extract value from the asset portfolio pool. Responsibilities Monitor ongoing business processes and operations and assist in implementing risk mitigation processes. Produce reports on a timely basis to be used by management in assessing various business risk and return characteristic Monitor asset and liability holdings and maintain spreadsheets necessary to analyze portfolios. Analyze and monitor new developments in portfolio analytics and risk management space and proactively create tools and measures to enable the Financial Planning & Analysis team to leverage such expertise. Work with software and system engineers to implement and support ongoing and rapid development and testing of research ideas and models as well as their deployment to end-users and stakeholders. Implement methods of monitoring model risk. Continuously monitor model performance and quality, and perform stress testing on various KPIs. Implement models in a large framework of existing models and processes, develop methods for testing models, and document model changes and processes. Build, refine and manage statistical and optimization models for macroeconomic, business, FX, and interest rate risks, and recommend mitigation options. Functional Competencies: Must be detail-oriented, well-organized, independent, entrepreneurial, and self-motivated. Possess excellent interpersonal skills. Able to prioritize in fast-paced work environment Strong quantitative and programming skills Demonstrable proficiency in logic and programming via functional programming platforms, e.g. MatLab, Python, R, etc. Strong knowledge and expertise in portfolio optimization, mathematics, and business risk measurement and management techniques. Excellent understanding of model testing, validation, and development. Proficiency in use of Microsoft Office (with an emphasis on Excel and Access) as well as other financial and statistical software packages. Education & Experience A Bachelor's or advanced degree in quantitative disciplines (Economics, Econometrics, Statistics, Mathematics, Engineering or other relevant fields) 3-5 years working experience; must have experience in working with large data sets. Extensive familiarity with analytics and risk management as they relate to the telecommunications sector, including trends, issues, and developments.
          Quantitative Analyst at IHS Towers      Cache   Translate Page      
IHS Towers is the largest independent mobile telecommunications infrastructure provider in Europe, Africa and the Middle East.  Founded in 2001, IHS provides services across the full tower value chain – colocation on owned towers, deployment and managed services. Today IHS Towers has operations in Nigeria, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Zambia and Rwanda. Following the recent acquisitions of MTN and Etisalat’s tower portfolios in Nigeria, IHS owns over 23,300 towers in Africa.Job Title: Quantitative AnalystReports To: Senior Manager - Business Planning & IntelligenceSummaryThis position is responsible for developing statistical and optimization models and tools to assist the Business Planning & Intelligence team within Finance to extract value from the asset portfolio pool.ResponsibilitiesMonitor ongoing business processes and operations and assist in implementing risk mitigation processes.Produce reports on a timely basis to be used by management in assessing various business risk and return characteristicMonitor asset and liability holdings and maintain spreadsheets necessary to analyze portfolios.Analyze and monitor new developments in portfolio analytics and risk management space and proactively create tools and measures to enable the Financial Planning & Analysis team to leverage such expertise.Work with software and system engineers to implement and support ongoing and rapid development and testing of research ideas and models as well as their deployment to end-users and stakeholders.Implement methods of monitoring model risk.Continuously monitor model performance and quality, and perform stress testing on various KPIs.Implement models in a large framework of existing models and processes, develop methods for testing models, and document model changes and processes.Build, refine and manage statistical and optimization models for macroeconomic, business, FX, and interest rate risks, and recommend mitigation options.

Apply at https://ngcareers.com/job/2018-09/quantitative-analyst-at-ihs-towers-876/




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