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           Sudan’dan tropikal meyve de gelecek       Cache   Translate Page      
Türkiye’nin Sudan’da tarımsal üretim için kullanacağı arazinin yeri belli oldu. Kasımda teslim alınacak arazide tropikal ürünler ile pamuk, soya gibi sanayi ürünlerinin üretilmesi planlanıyor. Türkiye’nin tarım ihtalatının önemli bölümünü karşılaması beklenen anlaşma uyarınca Sudan’da ortak ...
          Türkiye Sudan’a 100 milyon dolarlık petrol yatırımı yapacak      Cache   Translate Page      
Türkiye Sudan’a 100 milyon dolarlık petrol yatırımı yapacakTürkiye Sudan’a 100 milyon dolarlık petrol yatırımı yapacak
Türkiye ve Sudan bir petrol sahasının geliştirilmesi için anlaşma imzaladı. Anlaşma ile TPAO Sudan'a başlangıçta 100 milyon dolara varan yatırım yapacak.

          Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi       Cache   Translate Page      
Muhalifler ve hükümet, Etiyopya’da düzenlenen IGAD toplantısında savaşı bitiren anlaşmaya imza attı.
           20 dead as hill collapses on Darfur village in Sudan:...       Cache   Translate Page      
At least 20 people have been killed in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region after a hill collapsed onto their village following heavy rain, a rebel group said...
           UPDATE 2-South Sudan's president, rebel leader sign...       Cache   Translate Page      
By Aaron MaashoADDIS ABABA, Sept 12 (Reuters) - South Sudan's President Salva Kiir signed a peace agreement with rebel factions in the Ethiopian capital on...
           South Sudan government and rebels sign another peace deal       Cache   Translate Page      
JUBA, South Sudan (AP) - South Sudan's warring parties on Wednesday signed what they say is the final peace agreement to end the country's five-year civil...
           Hope, scepticism as warring South Sudan leaders sign...       Cache   Translate Page      
South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed a much-anticipated peace deal on Wednesday, the latest attempt to end five years of a...
          Pilot First Officer Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
SCOPE OF THE JOB/POSITION As a pilot flying for R1 Airlines you are responsible for ensuring the safe operation of the aircraft while providing customer...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:58 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Pilot Captain Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
The Pilot Captain Dash 8 is responsible for guiding the flight controls for the safe operation of the Dash 8 aircraft and ensuring the functions of agent...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:57 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Sudan'da Toprak Kayması      Cache   Translate Page      
Sudan'da Toprak KaymasıSudan'da Toprak Kayması
Güney Darfur eyaletinde geçen cuma toprak kayması yaşanan bölgede 19 kişinin cesedine ulaşıldı

          South Sudan's President, Rebel Leader Sign Peace Deal      Cache   Translate Page      
South Sudan's President Salva Kiir signed a peace agreement with rebel factions in the Ethiopian capital on Wednesday to end a civil war that has killed at least 50,000 people, displaced two million and held up the country's progress since it gained independence seven years ago. South Sudan plunged into warfare two years after independence from Sudan in 2011 when a political dispute between Kiir and then vice-president Riek Machar erupted into armed confrontation. A previous peace deal signed in 2015 fell apart a year later after clashes broke out between government forces and rebels. Machar, leader of the main rebel group the SPLM-IO, and other insurgent factions signed the new agreement with the Juba government after assurances that a power-sharing accord would be honored. The deal, mediated by Sudan, reinstates Machar to his former role as vice-president. The stability of South Sudan is also important for Sudan and other neighbouring countries, who fear a new flare up of the conflict could flood them with refugees. The civil war started in 2013, fuelled by personal and ethnic rivalries. The conflict has killed at least 50,000 people, many of them civilians, according to the United Nations. An estimated quarter of South Sudan's population of 12 million has been displaced and its economy, which heavily relies on crude oil production, ruined. The secession of South Sudan also hit Khartoum's economy hard, taking with it most of the region's oil reserves. Khartoum and Juba agreed in June to repair oil infrastructure facilities destroyed by the war within three months to boost production and said a joint force would be established to protect oilfields from attacks by rebels. The United States, Britain and Norway, known as the Troika which back peace efforts, welcomed the signing of the deal. “We hope discussions will remain open to those who are not yet convinced of the sustainability of this agreement,” they said in a statement. “We must seize this broader regional momentum to secure peace for the people of South Sudan.” Mahboub Maalim, executive secretary of the East African bloc IGAD, said the rivals had been at odds over security arrangements and governance but that the final version of the deal had addressed disagreements. “This is probably the best-negotiated proposal signed so far,” he told Reuters after it was signed at a meeting of IGAD leaders. Asked what a failure to implement the deal would entail, Maalim said: “We expect the South Sudanese sides to embrace the wind of change in the region.” The region has seen a series of stunning rapprochements over the past months, including a reconciliation between Ethiopia and Eritrea. IGAD had been expected to readmit Eritrea as a member on Wednesday, 11 years after Asmara walked out on the body in protest at Ethiopian forces entering Somalia. But that move was postponed for procedural reasons and was likely to take place in the bloc’s next gathering, officials said.
          South Sudan’s president, rebel leader sign peace deal      Cache   Translate Page      
The new agreement, mediated by Sudan, reinstates Reik Machar, a former vice-president, to his former role.

The post South Sudan’s president, rebel leader sign peace deal appeared first on Premium Times Nigeria. Reported by Premium Times Nigeria 3 hours ago.
          S. Sudan president, rebels sign peace deal      Cache   Translate Page      
South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar have signed a peace deal that will end a civil war that began in 2011 over power-sharing.. Reported by SBS 3 hours ago.
          Türkiye Sudan’a 100 milyon dolarlık petrol yatırımı yapacak      Cache   Translate Page      
Türkiye Sudan’a 100 milyon dolarlık petrol yatırımı yapacakTürkiye Sudan’a 100 milyon dolarlık petrol yatırımı yapacak
Türkiye ve Sudan bir petrol sahasının geliştirilmesi için anlaşma imzaladı. Anlaşma ile TPAO Sudan'a başlangıçta 100 milyon dolara varan yatırım yapacak.

          Sydsudans præsident og oprørsleder underskriver fredsaftale      Cache   Translate Page      
Efter flere forsøg har Sudsudans oprørsleder sluttet fred med Sydsudans præsident, så borgerkrig afsluttes.
          Guiné 61/74 - P19009: Memórias de Gabú (José Saúde) (70): As minhas memórias de Gabu: Memórias de um povo. Etnias na Guiné-Bissau. (José Saúde)      Cache   Translate Page      

1. O nosso Camarada José Saúde, ex-Fur Mil Op Esp/RANGER da CCS do BART 6523 (Nova Lamego, Gabu) - 1973/74, enviou-nos mais uma mensagem desta sua série. 

Memórias de um povo 
Etnias na Guiné-Bissau 

Aguçando as inócuas “armas ligeiras” que intencionadamente direciono para a minha simplória cândida consciência onde a saudade nos envia para imaculadas recordações, viajo pela interioridade ética de uma Guiné e revejo instantes áureos que nos remetem para a proliferação de etnias ali existentes. 

A curiosidade, sendo ela vocacionada para uma eficaz aquisição de literais saberes em toda a sua amplitude, leva-me a ultrapassar barreiras, procurar fidedignas informações em ferramentas por ora facultadas pelas novas tecnologias e debitar algumas narrativas coincidentes com a razão de o ser de um povo pelo qual outrora mantive uma relação de proximidade. 

Claro que os tempos eram outros e substancialmente duros de roer. A guerra impunha respeito e medo. A população civil encaminhava-se porém para um inevitável contacto com a tropa branca. Humildemente interessava-lhes, como era fácil entender. Neste contexto, foi num mesclado cenário de horrores que se consumiram as muitas comissões militares que fizeram do solo guineense um território de pavor e de fatídicas memórias. 

Vamos ao tema que por ora aqui nos acompanha: 

Os guineenses, na sua esmagadora composição, são de raça negra e originários de cerca de 40 etnias. Um verdadeiro mosaico de povos e culturas ancestrais. Neste argumento de lembranças sobre um território que nos foi familiar aquando da nossa presença militar naquela terra de além-mar, ouso deixar descrito nesta panóplia de pequenos textos que amiúde aqui trago à estampa, o conteúdo factual de uma população multirracial e que soube conviver entre as duas frentes de guerra. 

Não me alongando no tema porque certamente haverá muito para dizer, revivamos, sim, os rigorosos agrupamentos étnicos existentes na Guiné-Bissau: 

1 - Paleossudaneses e outros povos 

Grupo litoral: Balantas (Balantas Manés, Cunantes e Nagas); Djolas (Baiotes e Felupes); Banhuns, Cassangas e Cobianas; Brames, Majancos e Papéis; Bijagós, Biafadas, Nalus, Bagas e Landumãs. 

Grupo Interior: Pajadincas (Bajarancas) e Fandas. 

2 - Neo-Sudaneses

Grupo Mandinga: Mandingas, Seraculés, Bambarãs, Jacancas, Sossos e Jaloncos. 

Grupo fula: Fulas forros (fulacundas), Fulas pretos, Futajoloncas (boencas, futa-fulas e futa-fulas pretos) e Torancas (futancas ou tocurores). 

Nesta amostragem exposta, observa-se que os grupos mais importantes são os Balantas (30% da população); Fulas (20%); Maníacas (14%); Mandingas (13%) e os Papéis (7%) (dados de 1996). 

No litoral predominam os Balantas que cultivam arroz e gado bovino. Os Bijagós, que habitam no arquipélago com o mesmo nome e formam uma sociedade matriarcal. O Interior é ocupado pelos Fulas que são nómadas, dedicam-se à criação de gado e à agricultura itinerante. 

Os cultos tradicionais são predominantes (45,2%), seguindo-se os islâmicos (39,9% e os cristãos (13,2%, sendo os católicos 11,6%, outros 3,8%, dupla filiação 2,2%). O número dos que se afirmam sem religião ou ateus é mínimo (1,6%) (dados retirados em sensos de 2000). 

Neste deambular de uma indeterminada caminhada que já vai longa, é perfeitamente aceitável que entrosemos no nosso blogue uma substância adquirida pelas muitas investigações feitas a um País que tento pesquisar em todas as suas fronteiras. 

Tanto mais que existem em mim reminiscências numa guerra onde fui, aliás, fomos apenas simples atores forçados. 

Com a “mala de cartão” arrumada, transportarei, um dia, na irreversível viagem sem regresso um oceano de fétidas imagens que tocam no coração do mais despretensioso camarada. 

Um abraço, camaradas 
José Saúde
Fur Mil Op Esp/RANGER da CCS do BART 6523

Mini-guião de colecção particular: © Carlos Coutinho (2011). Direitos reservados.
___________
Nota de M.R.: 

Vd. último poste desta série em: 

23 DE JULHO DE 2018 > Guiné 61/74 - P18866: Memórias de Gabú (José Saúde) (69): Pássaros que esvoaçavam os céus da Guiné. Abutres. (José Saúde) 


          Pilot First Officer Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
SCOPE OF THE JOB/POSITION As a pilot flying for R1 Airlines you are responsible for ensuring the safe operation of the aircraft while providing customer...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:58 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Pilot Captain Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
The Pilot Captain Dash 8 is responsible for guiding the flight controls for the safe operation of the Dash 8 aircraft and ensuring the functions of agent...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:57 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Etelä-Sudanin presidentti ja kapinallisjohtaja allekirjoittivat rauhansopimuksen – Viisi vuotta jatkunut tuhoisa sisällissota päättyy      Cache   Translate Page      
Salva Kiir ja Riek Machar sopivat aiemmin kesällä tulitauosta ja vallan jakamisesta.
          Yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      

Muhalifler ve hükümet, Etiyopya’da düzenlenen IGAD toplantısında savaşı bitiren anlaşmaya imza attı.


          Irak’ta 60 bin kişi sudan zehirlendi      Cache   Translate Page      
Irak İnsan Hakları Komiserliği Basra Ofisi, 60 bin kişinin sağlıksız içme suyundan zehirlenerek hastanelere kaldırıldığını açıkladı.
          Irak’ta 60 bin kişi sudan zehirlendi      Cache   Translate Page      
Irak İnsan Hakları Komiserliği Basra Ofisi, 60 bin kişinin sağlıksız içme suyundan zehirlenerek hastanelere kaldırıldığını açıkladı.
          Teslim tarihi belirlendi! Erdoğan sloganlarıyla beraber karşıladılar      Cache   Translate Page      
Tarım ve Orman Bakanı Bekir Pakdemirli, "Türkiye ile Sudan arasındaki tarım ve hayvancılığa dayalı iş birliğinin hayata geçirilmesinde önemli mesafeler kat ettik." sözlerini kullandı.
          Sales Manager - Tobacco - Ras al-Khaimah      Cache   Translate Page      
A leading Tobacco Manufacturing firm based in Sudan is actively looking for a dynamic quality manager for their plant in Ras Al khaimah....
From Mindfield Resources - Mon, 03 Sep 2018 17:07:44 GMT - View all Ras al-Khaimah jobs
          South Sudan president signs peace deal with rebel leader      Cache   Translate Page      
Agreement reinstates rebel leader Riek Machar as vice-president, formally ending five years of bloody civil war.
          South Sudan’s New Peace Deal Could Bring More War      Cache   Translate Page      
Stefanie Clinski/Getty

The peace deal signed today between the government of South Sudan and armed opposition groups has significant shortcomings that could easily lead the country right back to full-scale war.

The South Sudanese have endured immense suffering in the last five years as the fighting has brought on food shortages and massive displacement. Nearly five million people have been forced out of their homes, inside and outside the country. Uncounted thousands are dead. The country’s economy is a write-off. Double-digit inflation has ensured that millions are on a knife’s edge of survival and the risk of famine still looms large.

At the root of the conflict in South Sudan is the existence of a state whose institutions have been hijacked and repurposed to benefit a few top-level politicians. Other groups, each clamoring for a bigger piece of the pie—or the whole of it—then engaged in a violent contest to capture the state, plunging the country into a deadly war.

Read more at The Daily Beast.


          Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      
Güney Sudanlı taraflar, aylardır süren yeni barış müzakereleri kapsamında nihai barış anlaşmasını imzaladı
          Giuba. Salva Kiir e Riek Machar firmano accordo di pace      Cache   Translate Page      
Pace nel Sud Meridionale. Il presidente sud sudanese Salva Kiir e il leader dei ribelli Riek Machar hanno sottoscritto un
          Human trafficking victims rescued in Sudan      Cache   Translate Page      
Nearly 100 human trafficking victims have been rescued and some $20,000 in money that apparently was paid for ransoms confiscated in a police operation in Sudan, authorities have confirmed, explains Joseph Farah’s G2 Bulletin. Eighty five of the 94 victims were minors, and some of them had been forced into work in illegally run gold […]
          Türkiye'den dev anlaşma!      Cache   Translate Page      
Türkiye'den dev anlaşma!Türkiye'den dev anlaşma!
Türkiye'nin Sudan'daki varlığından dolayı rahatsız olan Sisi yönetimi, medyasıyla da ilişkileri hedef alır hale geldi.

          Sudan zehirlenenlerin sayısı 60 bine ulaştı      Cache   Translate Page      
Sudan zehirlenenlerin sayısı 60 bine ulaştıSudan zehirlenenlerin sayısı 60 bine ulaştı
Kirli içme suyundan zehirlenenlerin sayısı 60 bine ulaştı.

          Sudan'ın Güney Darfur eyaletinde toprak kayması yaşanan bölgede 19 kişinin cesedine ulaşıldı       Cache   Translate Page      
19 kişinin cesedine ulaşıldı
Sudan'ın Güney Darfur eyaletinde geçen cuma meydana gelen toprak kayması sonucu 19 kişinin cesedine ulaşıldı.
          Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      
Yıllar süren savaş bitti
Muhalifler ve hükümet, Etiyopya’da düzenlenen IGAD toplantısında savaşı bitiren anlaşmaya imza attı.
          Irak’ta 60 Bin Kişi Sudan Zehirlendi      Cache   Translate Page      
Irak’ta 60 Bin Kişi Sudan ZehirlendiIrak’ta 60 Bin Kişi Sudan Zehirlendi
Irak İnsan Hakları Komiserliği Basra Ofisi, 60 bin kişinin sağlıksız içme suyundan zehirlenerek hastanelere kaldırıldığını açıkladı.

          Pilot First Officer Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
SCOPE OF THE JOB/POSITION As a pilot flying for R1 Airlines you are responsible for ensuring the safe operation of the aircraft while providing customer...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:58 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Pilot Captain Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
The Pilot Captain Dash 8 is responsible for guiding the flight controls for the safe operation of the Dash 8 aircraft and ensuring the functions of agent...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:57 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Human trafficking victims rescued in Sudan      Cache   Translate Page      
Nearly 100 human trafficking victims have been rescued and some $20,000 in money that apparently was paid for ransoms confiscated in a police operation in Sudan, authorities have confirmed, explains Joseph Farah’s G2 Bulletin. Eighty five of the 94 victims were minors, and some of them had been forced into work in illegally run gold […]
          9/13/2018: FRONT PAGE: UAE drug counsellors spread their expertise      Cache   Translate Page      
Experts from the US and the UAE are to combine to fight the scourge of drug addiction across the Middle East. Trained counsellors from the UAE will travel to Sudan, Egypt and Jordan to pass on their skills to boost the number of qualified therapists...
          Gym In A Box      Cache   Translate Page      
This is a combined synopsis/solicitation for commercial items prepared in accordance with the format in FAR Subpart 12.6, as supplemented with additional information included in this notice. This announcement constitutes the only solicitation; quotes are being requested and a written solicitation will not be issued.

Solicitation Number FA441718Q0246 is hereby issued as a Request for Quote.


Response Date: 17 September 2018 at 2:00 PM CST


This combined synopsis/solicitation and incorporated provisions and clauses are those in effect through Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-100, Effective 22 Aug 2018.


This solicitation is being competed as a 100% small business set-aside.


The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code for this project is 339920, and Federal Stock Class (FSC) code is 7810. The Size Standard for this NAICS is 750 employees.


Notice to Offeror(s)/Supplier(s): Funds are not presently available for this effort. No award will be made under this solicitation until funds are available. The Government reserves the right to cancel this solicitation, either before or after the closing date. In the event the Government cancels this solicitation, the Government has no obligation to reimburse an offeror for any costs.


The contractor shall provide all labor, equipment, materials, tools, parts, shipping, and all other items necessary to deliver and/or install the following items:


Line Item Description Quantity Unit Price Total
0001 Gym-In-A-Box IAW Requirement Document.
- BeaverFit Performance Locker and
Functional Training Course or equal.
1 EA
Total Price:


CLIN prices shall include all delivery costs to the following addresses:
1 SOFFS/FSVS
Hurlburt Field, FL.


 


The following FAR/DFARS provisions and clauses are hereby applicable to this solicitation and any resultant contract award:


CLAUSES INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE


52.204-7 -- System for Award Management. (Oct 2016)
52.204-13 - System for Award Management Maintenance (Oct 2016)
52.204-16 - Commercial and Government Entity Code Reporting (Jul 2016)
52.204-18 - Commercial and Government Entity Code Maintenance (Jul 2016)
52.204-19 - Incorporation by Reference of Representations and Certifications (Dec 2014)
52.211-17 -- Delivery of Excess Quantities (Sep 1989)
52.212-4 - Contract Terms and Conditions-Commercial Items (Jan 2017)
52.227-1 - Authorization and Consent (Dec 2007)
52.227-2 - Notice and Assistance Regarding Patent and Copyright Infringement (Dec 2007)
52.232-39 -Unenforceability of Unauthorized Obligations (Jun 2013)
52.232-40 - Providing Accelerated Payments to Small Business Subcontractors (Dec 2013)
52.233-3 - Protest After Award (Aug. 1996)
52.233-4 - Applicable Law for Breach of Contract Claim (Oct 2004)
52.246-2 - Inspection of Supplies - Fixed Price (Aug 1996)
52.247-34 -- F.O.B. - Destination. (Nov 1991)
252.203-7000 - Requirements Relating to Compensation for Former DoD Officials (Sep 2011)
252.203-7002 - Requirement to Inform Employees of Whistleblower Rights (Sep 2013)
252.204-7012 -Safeguarding of Unclassified Controlled Technical Information (Oct 2016)
252.213-7000 - Notice to Prospective Suppliers On Use of Past Performance Information Retrieval System -
Statisical Reporting in Past Performance Evaluations (Jun 2015)
252.223-7008 -- Prohibition of Hexavalent Chromium (Jun 2013)
252.225-7001 -- Buy American And Balance Of Payments Program (Dec 2017)
252.225-7002 -- Qualifying Country Sources As Subcontractors (DEC 2017)
252.225-7048 - Export-Controlled Items (June 2013)
252.232-7003 - Electronic Submission of Payment Requests and Receiving Reports (Jun 2012)
252.232-7010 - Levies on Contract Payments (Dec 2006)
252.243-7001 - Pricing of Contract Modifications (Dec 1991)
252.244-7000 -Subcontracts for Commercial Items (Jun 2013)
252.247-7023 - Transportation of Supplies by Sea (Apr 2014)



CLAUSES INCORPORATED BY FULL TEXT


52.211-6 Brand Name or Equal (Aug 1999)
(a) If an item in this solicitation is identified as "brand name or equal," the purchase description reflects the characteristics and level of quality that will satisfy the Government's needs. The salient physical, functional, or performance characteristics that "equal" products must meet are specified in the solicitation.
(b) To be considered for award, offers of "equal" products, including "equal" products of the brand name manufacturer, must-
(1) Meet the salient physical, functional, or performance characteristic specified in this solicitation;
(2) Clearly identify the item by-
(i) Brand name, if any; and
(ii) Make or model number;
(3) Include descriptive literature such as illustrations, drawings, or a clear reference to previously furnished descriptive data or information available to the Contracting Officer; and
(4) Clearly describe any modification the offeror plans to make in a product to make it conform to the solicitation requirements. Mark any descriptive material to clearly show the modification.
(c) The Contracting Officer will evaluate "equal" products on the basis of information furnished by the offeror or identified in the offer and reasonably available to the Contracting Officer. The Contracting Officer is not responsible for locating or obtaining any information not identified in the offer.
(d) Unless the offeror clearly indicates in its offer that the product being offered is an "equal" product, the offeror shall provide the brand name product referenced in the solicitation.
(End of provision)
FAR 52.212-1, Instructions to Offerors - Commercial Items (Jan 2017).


Addendum to 52.212-1, Instructions to Offerors - Commercial Items (Jan 2017)


THIS SECTION IS FOR SOLICITATION PURPOSES ONLY. THIS SECTION WILL BE PHYSICALLY REMOVED FROM ANY RESULTANT AWARD.


1.1 Addendum to FAR 52.212-1(b), Submission of offers. Offeror shall submit an electronic copy of their dated offer via e-mail to: brandon.skinner.2@us.af.mil or jeffrey.snyder.11@us.af.mil with the solicitation number in the subject block, by 24 September 18 at 2:00 PM CST. Submit a dated Offer Schedule marked with solicitation number FA441718Q0192. Facsimile offers will not be accepted. In addition to the items required by 52.212-1(b), the offeror shall complete the Vendors Information and Vendors Offer Information at the end of this Combined Synopsis/Solicitation. This information shall be submitted with the offer.


1.2 Addenum to FAR 52.212-1(c), Period for acceptance of offers. This paragraph is tailored to read as follows: The offeror agrees to hold the prices in its offer firm for 60 days from the date specified for receipt of offers.


1.3 Addendum to FAR 52.212-1(f), Late submissions, modifications, revisions, and withdrawl of offers. This paragraph is tailored to read as follows: Offerors are responsible for submitting electronic offers by the solicitation due date and time. Offers received after the solicitation due date and time are considered late and will be handled in accordance with FAR 52.212-1(f).



Offers shall be evaluated in accordance with FAR 52.212-2, Evaluation of Commercial Items (Oct 2014) which is incorporated into this Request for Quote, with an addendum to paragraph (a) as follows:


(a) The Government will award a contract resulting from this solicitation to the responsible offeror whose offer conforming to the solicitation will be most advantageous to the Government, price and other factors considered. The following factors shall be used to evaluate offers: price and technical acceptability.


The Government will award a FFP contract to the technically-acceptable and responsible offeror with the lowest priced offer.
The offeror shall provide their CAGE and DUNS with their offer. The offeror shall be determined technically acceptable and available for consideration of award only if CLIN 0001 above is received with the quote and the minimum specifications are met.


52.212-3 OFFEROR REPRESENTATIONS AND CERTIFICATIONS--COMMERCIAL ITEMS (NOV 2017)
The Offeror shall complete only paragraph (b) of this provision if the Offeror has completed the annual representations and certification electronically via the System for Award Management (SAM) Web site located at https://www.sam.gov/portal. If the Offeror has not completed the annual representations and certifications electronically, the Offeror shall complete only paragraphs (c) through (u) of this provision.
(a) Definitions. As used in this provision --
"Economically disadvantaged women-owned small business (EDWOSB) Concern" means a small business concern that is at least 51 percent directly and unconditionally owned by, and the management and daily
business operations of which are controlled by, one or more women who are citizens of the United States and who are economically disadvantaged in accordance with 13 CFR part 127. It automatically qualifies as a women-owned small business eligible under the WOSB Program.
"Forced or indentured child labor" means all work or service-
(1) Exacted from any person under the age of 18 under the menace of any penalty for its nonperformance and for which the worker does not offer himself voluntarily; or
(2) Performed by any person under the age of 18 pursuant to a contract the enforcement of which can be accomplished by process or penalties.


"Highest-level owner" means the entity that owns or controls an immediate owner of the offeror, or that owns or controls one or more entities that control an immediate owner of the offeror. No entity
owns or exercises control of the highest level owner.
"Immediate owner" means an entity, other than the offeror, that has direct control of the offeror. Indicators of control include, but are not limited to, one or more of the following: Ownership or interlocking management, identity of interests among family members, shared facilities and equipment, and the common use of employees.
"Inverted domestic corporation" means a foreign incorporated entity that meets the definition of an inverted domestic corporation under 6 U.S.C. 395(b), applied in accordance with the rules and definitions of 6 U.S.C. 395(c).


"Manufactured end product" means any end product in product and service codes (PSCs) 1000-9999, except--

(1) PSC 5510, Lumber and Related Basic Wood Materials;

(2) Product or Service Group (PSG) 87, Agricultural Supplies;

(3) PSG 88, Live Animals;

(4) PSG 89, Subsistence;

(5) PSC 9410, Crude Grades of Plant Materials;

(6) PSC 9430, Miscellaneous Crude Animal Products, Inedible;

(7) PSC 9440, Miscellaneous Crude Agricultural and Forestry Products;

(8) PSC 9610, Ores;

(9) PSC 9620, Minerals, Natural and Synthetic; and

(10) PSC 9630, Additive Metal Materials.


"Place of manufacture" means the place where an end product is assembled out of components, or otherwise made or processed from raw materials into the finished product that is to be provided to the Government. If a product is disassembled and reassembled, the place of reassembly is not the place of manufacture.
"Predecessor" means an entity that is replaced by a successor and includes any predecessors of the predecessor.
"Restricted business operations" means business operations in Sudan that include power production activities, mineral extraction activities, oil-related activities, or the production of military equipment, as those terms are defined in the Sudan Accountability and Divestment Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-174). Restricted business operations do not include business operations that the person (as that term is defined in Section 2 of the Sudan Accountability and Divestment Act of 2007) conducting the business can demonstrate--
(1) Are conducted under contract directly and exclusively with the regional government of southern Sudan;
(2) Are conducted pursuant to specific authorization from the Office of Foreign Assets Control in the Department of the Treasury, or are expressly exempted under Federal law from the requirement to be conducted under such authorization;
(3) Consist of providing goods or services to marginalized populations of Sudan;


(4) Consist of providing goods or services to an internationally recognized peacekeeping force or humanitarian organization;
(5) Consist of providing goods or services that are used only to promote health or education; or
(6) Have been voluntarily suspended.
"Sensitive technology"--

(1) Means hardware, software, telecommunications equipment, or any other technology that is to be used specifically--

(i) To restrict the free flow of unbiased information in Iran; or

(ii) To disrupt, monitor, or otherwise restrict speech of the people of Iran; and

(2) Does not include information or informational materials the export of which the President does not have the authority to regulate or prohibit pursuant to section 203(b)(3) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(3)).


"Service-disabled veteran-owned small business concern"--
(1) Means a small business concern--
(i) Not less than 51 percent of which is owned by one or more service-disabled veterans or, in the case of any publicly owned business, not less than 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more service-disabled veterans; and
(ii) The management and daily business operations of which are controlled by one or more service-disabled veterans or, in the case of a service-disabled veteran with permanent and severe disability, the spouse or permanent caregiver of such veteran.
(2) Service-disabled veteran means a veteran, as defined in 38 U.S.C. 101(2), with a disability that is service-connected, as defined in 38 U.S.C. 101(16).
"Small business concern" means a concern, including its affiliates, that is independently owned and operated, not dominant in the field of operation in which it is bidding on Government contracts, and qualified as a small business under the criteria in 13 CFR Part 121 and size standards in this solicitation.
"Small disadvantaged business concern", consistent with 13 CFR 124.1002, means a small business concern under the size standard applicable to the acquisition, that--
(1) Is at least 51 percent unconditionally and directly owned (as defined at 13 CFR 124.105) by--
(i) One or more socially disadvantaged (as defined at 13 CFR 124.103) and economically disadvantaged (as defined at 13 CFR 124.104) individuals who are citizens of the United States; and
(ii) Each individual claiming economic disadvantage has a net worth not exceeding $750,000 after taking into account the applicable exclusions set forth at 13 CFR 124.104(c)(2); and
(2) The management and daily business operations of which are controlled (as defined at 13.CFR 124.106) by individuals, who meet the criteria in paragraphs (1)(i) and (ii) of this definition.
"Subsidiary" means an entity in which more than 50 percent of the entity is owned--

(1) Directly by a parent corporation; or
(2) Through another subsidiary of a parent corporation.
"Successor" means an entity that has replaced a predecessor by acquiring the assets and carrying out the affairs of the predecessor under a new name (often through acquisition or merger). The term
"successor" does not include new offices/divisions of the same company or a company that only changes its name. The extent of the responsibility of the successor for the liabilities of the predecessor may vary, depending on State law and specific circumstances.
"Veteran-owned small business concern" means a small business concern--
(1) Not less than 51 percent of which is owned by one or more veterans (as defined at 38 U.S.C. 101(2)) or, in the case of any publicly owned business, not less than 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more veterans; and
(2) The management and daily business operations of which are controlled by one or more veterans.
"Women-owned business concern" means a concern which is at least 51 percent owned by one or more women; or in the case of any publicly owned business, at least 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more women; and whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more women.
"Women-owned small business concern" means a small business concern--
(1) That is at least 51 percent owned by one or more women or, in the case of any publicly owned business, at least 51 percent of its stock is owned by one or more women; or
(2) Whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more women.
"Women-owned small business (WOSB) concern eligible under the WOSB Program (in accordance with 13 CFR part 127)", means a small business concern that is at least 51 percent directly and unconditionally owned by, and the management and daily business operations of which are controlled by, one or more women who are citizens of the United States.
(b) (1) Annual Representations and Certifications. Any changes provided by the offeror in paragraph (b)(2) of this provision do not automatically change the representations and certifications posted electronically on the SAM website.
(2) The offeror has completed the annual representations and certifications electronically via the SAM website accessed through https://www.acquisition.gov. After reviewing the SAM database information, the offeror verifies by submission of this offer that the representations and certifications currently posted electronically at FAR 52.212-3, Offeror Representations and Certifications--Commercial Items, have been entered or updated in the last 12 months, are current, accurate, complete, and applicable to this solicitation (including the business size standard applicable to the NAICS code referenced for this solicitation), as of the date of this offer and are incorporated in this offer by reference (see FAR 4.1201), except for paragraphs ___ .
[Offeror to identify the applicable paragraphs at (c) through (u) of this provision that the offeror has completed for the purposes of this solicitation only, if any.) These amended representation(s) and/or certification(s) are also incorporated in this offer and are current, accurate, and complete as of the date of this offer. Any changes provided by the offeror are applicable to this solicitation only, and do not result in an update to the representations and certifications posted electronically on SAM.]


(c) Offerors must complete the following representations when the resulting contract will be performed in the United States or its outlying areas. Check all that apply.
(1) Small business concern. The offeror represents as part of its offer that it ( ___ ) is, ( ___ ) is not a small business concern.
(2) Veteran-owned small business concern. (Complete only if the offeror represented itself as a small business concern in paragraph (c)(1) of this provision.) The offeror represents as part of its offer that it ( ___ ) is, ( ___ ) is not a veteran-owned small business concern.
(3) Service-disabled veteran-owned small business concern. (Complete only if the offeror represented itself as a veteran-owned small business concern in paragraph (c)(2) of this provision.) The offeror represents as part of its offer that it ( ___ ) is, ( ___ ) is not a service-disabled veteran-owned small business concern.
(4) Small disadvantaged business concern. (Complete only if the offeror represented itself as a small business concern in paragraph (c)(1) of this provision.) The offeror represents that it ( ___ ) is, ( ___ ) is not a small disadvantaged business concern as defined in 13 CFR 124.1002.
(5) Women-owned small business concern. (Complete only if the offeror represented itself as a small business concern in paragraph (c)(1) of this provision.) The offeror represents that it ( ___ ) is, ( ___ ) is not a women-owned small business concern.
(6) WOSB concern eligible under the WOSB Program. [Complete only if the offeror represented itself as a women-owned small business concern in paragraph (c)(5) of this provision.] The offeror represents that--
(i) It [ ___ ] is, [ ___ ] is not a WOSB concern eligible under the WOSB Program, has provided all the required documents to the WOSB Repository, and no change in circumstances or adverse decisions have
been issued that affects its eligibility; and
(ii) It [ ___ ] is, [ ___ ] is not a joint venture that complies with the requirements of 13 CFR part 127, and the representation in paragraph (c)(6)(i) of this provision is accurate for each WOSB concern eligible under the WOSB Program participating in the joint venture. [The offeror shall enter the name or names of the WOSB concern eligible under the WOSB Program and other small businesses that are participating in the joint venture: ___ .] Each WOSB concern eligible under the WOSB Program participating in the joint venture shall submit a separate signed copy of the WOSB representation.
(7) Economically disadvantaged women-owned small business (EDWOSB) concern. [Complete only if the offeror represented itself as a WOSB concern eligible under the WOSB Program in (c)(6) of this provision.] The offeror represents that--
(i) It [ ___ ] is, [ ___ ] is not an EDWOSB concern, has provided all the required documents to the WOSB Repository, and no change in circumstances or adverse decisions have been issued that affects its eligibility; and
(ii) It [ ___ ] is, [ ___ ] is not a joint venture that complies with the requirements of 13 CFR part 127, and the representation in paragraph (c)(7)(i) of this provision is accurate for each EDWOSB concern participating in the joint venture. [The offeror shall enter the name or names of the EDWOSB concern and
other small businesses that are participating in the joint venture: ___ -.] Each EDWOSB concern participating in the joint venture shall submit a separate signed copy of the EDWOSB representation.
Note: Complete paragraphs (c)(8) and (c)(9) only if this solicitation is expected to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold.


(8) Women-owned business concern (other than small business concern). (Complete only if the offeror is a women-owned business concern and did not represent itself as a small business concern in paragraph (c)(1) of this provision.) The offeror represents that it ( ___ ) is, a women-owned business concern.
(9) Tie bid priority for labor surplus area concerns. If this is an invitation for bid, small business offerors may identify the labor surplus areas in which costs to be incurred on account of manufacturing or production (by offeror or first-tier subcontractors) amount to more than 50 percent of the contract price:
___
(10) HUBZone small business concern. (Complete only if the offeror represented itself as a small business concern in paragraph (c)(1) of this provision.) The offeror represents, as part of its offer, that--
(i) It [ ___ ] is, [ ___ ] is not a HUBZone small business concern listed, on the date of this representation, on the List of Qualified HUBZone Small Business Concerns maintained by the Small Business Administration, and no material changes in ownership and control, principal office, or HUBZone employee percentage have occurred since it was certified in accordance with 13 CFR Part 126; and
(ii) It [ ___ ] is, [ ___ ] is not a HUBZone joint venture that complies with the requirements of 13 CFR Part 126, and the representation in paragraph (c)(10)(i) of this provision is accurate for each HUBZone small business concern participating in the HUBZone joint venture. [The offeror shall enter the names of each of the HUBZone small business concerns participating in the HUBZone joint venture: ___ .] Each HUBZone small business concern participating in the HUBZone joint venture shall submit a separate signed copy of the HUBZone representation.
(d) Certifications and representations required to implement provisions of Executive Order 11246--
(1) Previous Contracts and Compliance. The offeror represents that--
(i) It ( ___ ) has, ( ___ ) has not, participated in a previous contract or subcontract subject either to the Equal Opportunity clause of this solicitation, the and
(ii) It ( ___ ) has, ( ___ ) has not, filed all required compliance reports.
(2) Affirmative Action Compliance. The offeror represents that--
(i) It ( ___ ) has developed and has on file, ( ___ ) has not developed and does not have on file, at each establishment, affirmative action programs required by rules and regulations of the Secretary of Labor (41 CFR Subparts 60-1 and 60-2), or
(ii) It ( ___ ) has not previously had contracts subject to the written affirmative action programs requirement of the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Labor.
(e) Certification Regarding Payments to Influence Federal Transactions (31 U.S.C. 1352). (Applies only if the contract is expected to exceed $150,000.) By submission of its offer, the offeror certifies to the best of its knowledge and belief that no Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid to any person for influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an officer or employee of Congress or an employee of a Member of Congress on his or her behalf in connection with the award of any resultant contract. If any registrants under the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 have made a lobbying contact on behalf of the offeror with respect to this contract, the offeror shall complete and submit, with its offer, OMB Standard Form LLL, Disclosure of Lobbying Activities, to provide the name of the registrants. The offeror need not report regularly employed officers or employees of the offeror to whom payments of reasonable compensation were made.


(f) Buy American Certificate. (Applies only if the clause at Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 52.225-1, Buy American --Supplies, is included in this solicitation.)
(1) The offeror certifies that each end product, except those listed in paragraph (f)(2) of this provision, is a domestic end product and that for other than COTS items, the offeror has considered components of unknown origin to have been mined, produced, or manufactured outside the United States. The offeror shall list as foreign end products those end products manufactured in the United States that do not qualify as domestic end products, i.e., an end product that is not a COTS item and does not meet the component test in paragraph (2) of the definition of "domestic end product." The terms "commercially available off-the-shelf (COTS) item, " "component, " "domestic end product, " "end product, " "foreign end product, " and "United States" are defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled "Buy American--Supplies."
(2) Foreign End Products:


Line Item No. Country of Origin
___
___


___
___


___
___



(List as necessary)
(3) The Government will evaluate offers in accordance with the policies and procedures of FAR Part 25.
(g)(1) Buy American--Free Trade Agreements--Israeli Trade Act Certificate. (Applies only if the clause at FAR 52.225-3, Buy American--Free Trade Agreements--Israeli Trade Act, is included in this solicitation.)


(i) The offeror certifies that each end product, except those listed in paragraph (g)(1)(ii) or (g)(1)(iii) of this provision, is a domestic end product and that for other than COTS items, the offeror has considered components of unknown origin to have been mined, produced, or manufactured outside the United States. The terms ``Bahrainian, Moroccan, Omani, Panamanian, or Peruvian end product, '' ``commercially available off-the-shelf (COTS) item, '' ``component, '' ``domestic end product, '' ``end product, '' ``foreign end product, '' ``Free Trade Agreement country, '' ``Free Trade Agreement country end product, '' ``Israeli end product, '' and ``United States'' are defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled ``Buy American--Free Trade Agreements--Israeli Trade Act.''


(ii) The offeror certifies that the following supplies are Free Trade Agreement country end products (other than Bahrainian, Moroccan, Omani, Panamanian, or Peruvian end products) or Israeli end products as defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled ``Buy American--Free Trade Agreements--Israeli Trade Act'':

Free Trade Agreement Country End Products (Other than Bahrainian, Moroccan, Omani, Panamanian, or Peruvian End Products) or Israeli End Products:


Line Item No. Country of Origin
___
___


___
___


___
___



[List as necessary]
(iii) The offeror shall list those supplies that are foreign end products (other than those listed in paragraph (g)(1)(ii) of this provision) as defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled "Buy American-Free Trade Agreements-Israeli Trade Act." The offeror shall list as other foreign end products those end products manufactured in the United States that do not qualify as domestic end products, i.e., an end product that is not a COTS item and does not meet the component test in paragraph (2) of the definition of "domestic end product."
Other Foreign End Products:
Line Item No. Country of Origin
___
___


___
___


___
___


[List as necessary]
(iv) The Government will evaluate offers in accordance with the policies and procedures of FAR Part 25.
(2) Buy American Act-Free Trade Agreements-Israeli Trade Act Certificate, Alternate I (Jan 2004). If Alternate I to the clause at FAR 52.225-3 is included in this solicitation, substitute the following paragraph (g)(1)(ii) for paragraph (g)(1)(ii) of the basic provision:
(g)(1)(ii) The offeror certifies that the following supplies are Canadian end products as defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled "Buy American -Free Trade Agreements-Israeli Trade Act":
Canadian End Products:
Line Item No.
___


___


___


[List as necessary]
(3) Buy American-Free Trade Agreements-Israeli Trade Act Certificate, Alternate II (Jan 2004). If Alternate II to the clause at FAR 52.225-3 is included in this solicitation, substitute the following paragraph (g)(1)(ii) for paragraph (g)(1)(ii) of the basic provision:
(g)(1)(ii) The offeror certifies that the following supplies are Canadian end products or Israeli end products as defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled "Buy American-Free Trade Agreements-Israeli Trade Act":
Canadian or Israeli End Products:
Line Item No. Country of Origin
___
___


___
___


___
___


[List as necessary]
(4) Buy American--Free Trade Agreements--Israeli Trade Act Certificate, Alternate III. If Alternate III to the clause at FAR 52.225-3 is included in this solicitation, substitute the following paragraph (g)(1)(ii) for paragraph (g)(1)(ii) of the basic provision:


(g)(1)(ii) The offeror certifies that the following supplies are Free Trade Agreement country end products (other than Bahrainian, Korean, Moroccan, Omani, Panamanian, or Peruvian end products) or Israeli end products as defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled ``Buy American --Free Trade Agreements--Israeli Trade Act'':

Free Trade Agreement Country End Products (Other than Bahrainian, Korean, Moroccan, Omani, Panamanian, or Peruvian End Products) or Israeli End Products:



Line Item No. Country of Origin
___
___


___
___


___
___


[List as necessary]


(5) Trade Agreements Certificate. (Applies only if the clause at FAR 52.225-5, Trade Agreements, is included in this solicitation.)


(i) The offeror certifies that each end product, except those listed in paragraph (g)(5)(ii) of this provision, is a U.S.-made or designated country end product, as defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled ``Trade Agreements''.


(ii) The offeror shall list as other end products those end products that are not U.S.-made or designated country end products.


Other End Products:



Line Item No. Country of Origin
___
___


___
___


___
___


[List as necessary]


(iii) The Government will evaluate offers in accordance with the policies and procedures of FAR Part 25. For line items covered by the WTO GPA, the Government will evaluate offers of U.S.-made or designated
country end products without regard to the restrictions of the Buy American statute. The Government will consider for award only offers of U.S.-made or designated country end products unless the Contracting
Officer determines that there are no offers for such products or that the offers for such products are insufficient to fulfill the requirements of the solicitation.


(h) Certification Regarding Responsibility Matters (Executive Order 12689). (Applies only if the contract value is expected to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold.) The offeror certifies, to the best of its knowledge and belief, that the offeror and/or any of its principals--
(1) [ ___ ] Are, [ ___ ] are not presently debarred, suspended, proposed for debarment, or declared ineligible for the award of contracts by any Federal agency;
(2) [ ___ ] Have, [ ___ ] have not, within a three-year period preceding this offer, been convicted of or had a civil judgment rendered against them for: commission of fraud or a criminal offense in connection with obtaining, attempting to obtain, or performing a Federal, state or local government contract or subcontract; violation of Federal or state antitrust statutes relating to the submission of offers; or commission of embezzlement, theft, forgery, bribery, falsification or destruction of records, making false statements, tax evasion, violating Federal criminal tax laws, or receiving stolen property; and
(3) [ ___ ] Are, [ ___ ] are not presently indicted for, or otherwise criminally or civilly charged by a Government entity with, commission of any of these offenses enumerated in paragraph (h)(2) of this clause; and
(4) [ ___ ] Have, [ ___ ] have not, within a three-year period preceding this offer, been notified of any delinquent Federal taxes in an amount that exceeds $3,500 for which the liability remains unsatisfied.
(i) Taxes are considered delinquent if both of the following criteria apply:
(A) The tax liability is finally determined. The liability is finally determined if it has been assessed. A liability is not finally determined if there is a pending administrative or judicial challenge. In the case of a judicial challenge to the liability, the liability is not finally determined until all judicial appeal rights have been exhausted.
(B) The taxpayer is delinquent in making payment. A taxpayer is delinquent if the taxpayer has failed to pay the tax liability when full payment was due and required. A taxpayer is not delinquent in cases where enforced collection action is precluded.
(ii) Examples.
(A) The taxpayer has received a statutory notice of deficiency, under I.R.C. §6212, which entitles the taxpayer to seek Tax Court review of a proposed tax deficiency. This is not a delinquent tax because it is not a final tax liability. Should the taxpayer seek Tax Court review, this will not be a final tax liability until the taxpayer has exercised all judicial appear rights.
(B) The IRS has filed a notice of Federal tax lien with respect to an assessed tax liability, and the taxpayer has been issued a notice under I.R.C. §6320 entitling the taxpayer to request a hearing with the IRS Office of Appeals Contesting the lien filing, and to further appeal to the Tax Court if the IRS determines to sustain the lien filing. In the course of the hearing, the taxpayer is entitled to contest the underlying tax liability because the taxpayer has had no prior opportunity to contest the liability. This is not a delinquent tax because it is not a final tax liability. Should the taxpayer seek tax court review, this will not be a final tax liability until the taxpayer has exercised all judicial appeal rights.
(C) The taxpayer has entered into an installment agreement pursuant to I.R.C. §6159. The taxpayer is making timely payments and is in full compliance with the agreement terms. The taxpayer is not delinquent because the taxpayer is not currently required to make full payment.
(D) The taxpayer has filed for bankruptcy protection. The taxpayer is not delinquent because enforced collection action is stayed under 11 U.S.C. §362 (the Bankruptcy Code).



(i) Certification Regarding Knowledge of Child Labor for Listed End Products (Executive Order 13126). [The Contracting Officer must list in paragraph (i)(1) any end products being acquired under this solicitation that are included in the List of Products Requiring Contractor Certification as to Forced or Indentured Child Labor, unless excluded at 22.1503(b).]


(1) Listed end products.


Listed End Product Listed Countriesof Origin
___
___


___
___


___
___



(2) Certification. [If the Contracting Officer has identified end products and countries of origin in paragraph (i)(1) of this provision, then the offeror must certify to either (i)(2)(i) or (i)(2)(ii) by checking the appropriate block.]


[ ___ ] (i) The offeror will not supply any end product listed in paragraph (i)(1) of this provision that was mined, produced, or manufactured in the corresponding country as listed for that product.


[ ___ ] (ii) The offeror may supply an end product listed in paragraph (i)(1) of this provision that was mined, produced, or manufactured in the corresponding country as listed for that product. The offeror certifies that it has made a good faith effort to determine whether forced or indentured child labor was used to mine, produce, or manufacture any such end product furnished under this contract. On the basis of those efforts, the offeror certifies that it is not aware of any such use of child labor.
(j) Place of manufacture. (Does not apply unless the solicitation is predominantly for the acquisition of manufactured end products.) For statistical purposes only, the offeror shall indicate whether the place of manufacture of the end products it expects to provide in response to this solicitation is predominantly-


(1) ( ___ ) In the United States (Check this box if the total anticipated price of offered end products manufactured in the United States exceeds the total anticipated price of offered end products manufactured outside the United States); or


(2) ( ___ ) Outside the United States.



(j) Place of manufacture. (Does not apply unless the solicitation is predominantly for the acquisition of manufactured end products.) For statistical purposes only, the offeror shall indicate whether the place of manufacture of the end products it expects to provide in response to this solicitation is predominantly--


(1) ( ___ ) In the United States (Check this box if the total anticipated price of offered end products manufactured in the United States exceeds the total anticipated price of offered end products manufactured outside the United States); or


(2) ( ___ ) Outside the United States.


(k) Certificates regarding exemptions from the application of the Service Contract Labor Standards. (Certification by the offeror as to its compliance with respect to the contract also constitutes its certification as to compliance by its subcontractor if it subcontracts out the exempt services.)


[The contracting officer is to check a box to indicate if paragraph (k)(1) or (k)(2) applies.]


[ ___ ] (1) Maintenance, calibration, or repair of certain equipment as described in FAR 22.1003-4(c)(1). The offeror ( ___ ) does ( ___ ) does not certify that-


(i) The items of equipment to be serviced under this contract are used regularly for other than Governmental purposes and are sold or traded by the offeror (or subcontractor in the case of an exempt subcontract) in substantial quantities to the general public in the course of normal business operations;


(ii) The services will be furnished at prices which are, or are based on, established catalog or market prices (see FAR 22.1003-4(c)(2)(ii)) for the maintenance, calibration, or repair of such equipment; and


(iii) The compensation (wage and fringe benefits) plan for all service employees performing work under the contract will be the same as that used for these employees and equivalent employees servicing the same equipment of commercial customers.


[ ___ ] (2) Certain services as described in FAR 22.1003-4(d)(1). The offeror ( ___ ) does ( ___ ) does not certify that-


(i) The services under the contract are offered and sold regularly to non-Governmental customers, and are provided by the offeror (or subcontractor in the case of an exempt subcontract) to the general public in substantial quantities in the course of normal business operations;


(ii) The contract services will be furnished at prices that are, or are based on, established catalog or market prices (see FAR 22.1003-4(d)(2)(iii));


(iii) Each service employee who will perform the services under the contract will spend only a small portion of his or her time (a monthly average of less than 20 percent of the available hours on an annualized basis, or less than 20 percent of available hours during the contract period if the contract period is less than a month) servicing the Government contract; and
(iv) The compensation (wage and fringe benefits) plan for all service employees performing work under the contract is the same as that used for these employees and equivalent employees servicing commercial customers.


(3) If paragraph (k)(1) or (k)(2) of this clause applies-


(i) If the offeror does not certify to the conditions in paragraph (k)(1) or (k)(2) and the Contracting Officer did not attach a Service Contract Labor Standards wage determination to the solicitation, the offeror shall notify the Contracting Officer as soon as possible; and


(ii) The Contracting Officer may not make an award to the offeror if the offeror fails to execute the certification in paragraph (k)(1) or (k)(2) of this clause or to contact the Contracting Officer as required in paragraph (k)(3)(i) of this clause.


(l) Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) (26 U.S.C. 6109, 31 U.S.C. 7701). (Not applicable if the offeror is required to provide this information to the SAM database to be eligible for award.)


(1) All offerors must submit the information required in paragraphs (l)(3) through (l)(5) of this provision to comply with debt collection requirements of 31 U.S.C. 7701(c) and 3325(d), reporting requirements of 26 U.S.C. 6041, 6041A, and 6050M, and implementing regulations issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).


(2) The TIN may be used by the Government to collect and report on any delinquent amounts arising out of the offeror's relationship with the Government (31 U.S.C. 7701(c)(3)). If the resulting contract is subject to the payment reporting requirements described in FAR 4.904, the TIN provided hereunder may be matched with IRS records to verify the accuracy of the offeror's TIN.
(3) Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN).
( ___ ) TIN: --------------------.
( ___ ) TIN has been applied for.
( ___ ) TIN is not required because:
( ___ ) Offeror is a nonresident alien, foreign corporation, or foreign partnership that does not have income effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States and does not have an office or place of business or a fiscal paying agent in the United States;
( ___ ) Offeror is an agency or instrumentality of a foreign government;
( ___ ) Offeror is an agency or instrumentality of the Federal Government.
(4) Type of organization.
( ___ ) Sole proprietorship;
( ___ ) Partnership;
( ___ ) Corporate entity (not tax-exempt);
( ___ ) Corporate entity (tax-exempt);
( ___ ) Government entity (Federal, State, or local);
( ___ ) Foreign government;
( ___ ) International organization per 26 CFR 1.6049-4;
( ___ ) Other ----------.
(5) Common parent.
( ___ ) Offeror is not owned or controlled by a common parent;
( ___ ) Name and TIN of common parent:
Name - ___ .
TIN - ___ .
(m) Restricted business operations in Sudan. By submission of its offer, the offeror certifies that the offeror does not conduct any restricted business operations in Sudan.
(n) Prohibition on Contracting with Inverted Domestic Corporations-
(1) Government agencies are not permitted to use appropriated (or otherwise made available) funds for contracts with either an inverted domestic corporation, or a subsidiary of an inverted domestic corporation, unless the exception at 9.108-2(b) applies or the requirement is waived in accordance with the procedures at 9.108-4.
(2) Representation. By submission of its offer, the offeror represents that--
(i) It is not an inverted domestic corporation; and
(ii) It is not a subsidiary of an inverted domestic corporation.
(o) Prohibition on contracting with entities engaging in certain activities or transactions relating to Iran.


(1) The offeror shall e-mail questions concerning sensitive technology to the Department of State at CISADA106@state.gov.


(2) Representation and Certifications. Unless a waiver is granted or an exception applies as provided in paragraph (o)(3) of this provision, by submission of its offer, the offeror-


(i) Represents, to the best of its knowledge and belief, that the offeror does not export any sensitive technology to the government of Iran or any entities or individuals owned or controlled by, or acting on behalf or at the direction of, the government of Iran;


(ii) Certifies that the offeror, or any person owned or controlled by the offeror, does not engage in any activities for which sanctions may be imposed under section 5 of the Iran Sanctions Act; and


(iii) Certifies that the offeror, and any person owned or controlled by the offeror, does not knowingly engage in any transaction that exceeds $3,500 with Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps or any of its officials, agents, or affiliates, the property and interests in property of which are blocked pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (see OFAC's Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List at http://www.treasury.gov/ofac/downloads/t11sdn.pdf).


(3) The representation and certification requirements of paragraph (o)(2) of this provision do not apply if-


(i) This solicitation includes a trade agreements certification (e.g., 52.212-3(g) or a comparable agency provision); and


(ii) The offeror has certified that all the offered products to be supplied are designated country end products.
(p) Ownership or Control of Offeror. (Applies in all solicitations when there is a requirement to be registered in SAM or a requirement to have a unique entity identifier in the solicitation.
(1) The Offeror represents that it [ ___ ] has or [ ___ ] does not have an immediate owner. If the Offeror has more than one immediate owner (such as a joint venture), then the Offeror shall respond to paragraph (2) and if applicable, paragraph (3) of this provision for each participant in the joint venture.
(2) If the Offeror indicates "has" in paragraph (p)(1) of this provision, enter the following information:
Immediate owner CAGE code: ___
Immediate owner legal name: ___
(Do not use a "doing business as" name)
Is the immediate owner owned or controlled by another entity:
[ ___ ] Yes or [ ___ ] No.
(3) If the Offeror indicates "yes" in paragraph (p)(2) of this provision, indicating that the immediate owner is owned or controlled by another entity, then enter the following information:
Highest level owner CAGE code: ___
Highest level owner legal name: ___
(Do not use a "doing business as" name)
(q) Representation by Corporations Regarding Delinquent Tax Liability or a Felony Conviction under any Federal Law.
(1) As required by section 744 and 745 of Division E of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 (Pub. L. 113-235), and similar provisions, if contained in subsequent appropriations acts, the Government will not enter into a contract with any corporation that-
(i) Has any unpaid Federal tax liability that has been assessed, for which all judicial and administrative remedies have been exhausted or have lapsed, and that is not being paid in a timely manner pursuant to an agreement with the authority responsible for collecting the tax liability, where the awarding agency is aware of the unpaid tax liability, unless and agency has considered suspension or debarment of the corporation and made a determination that suspension or debarment is not necessary to protect the interests of the Government; or
(ii) Was convicted of a felony criminal violation under any Federal law within the preceding 24 months, where the awarding agency is aware of the conviction, unless an agency has considered suspension or debarment of the corporation and made a determination that this action is not necessary to protect the interests of the Government.
(2) The Offeror represents that--
(i) It is [ ___ ] is not [ ___ ] a corporation that has any unpaid Federal tax liability that has been assessed, for which all judicial and administrative remedies have been exhausted or have lapsed, and that is not being paid in a timely manner pursuant to an agreement with the authority responsible for collecting the tax liability; and
(ii) It is [ ___ ] is not [ ___ ] a corporation that was convicted of a felony criminal violation under a Federal law within the preceding 24 months.
(r) Predecessor of Offeror. (Applies in all solicitations that include the provision at 52.204-16, Commercial and Government Entity Code Reporting.)

(1) The Offeror represents that it [ ___ ] is or [ ___ ] is not a successor to a predecessor that held a Federal contract or grant within the last three years.

(2) If the Offeror has indicated ``is'' in paragraph (r)(1) of this provision, enter the following information for all predecessors that held a Federal contract or grant within the last three years (if more than one predecessor, list in reverse chronological order):
Predecessor CAGE code: ___ (or mark ``Unknown'').
Predecessor legal name: ___ .
(Do not use a ``doing business as'' name).
(t) Public Disclosure of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Reduction Goals. Applies in all solicitations that require offerors to register in SAM (52.212-1(k)).
(1) This representation shall be completed if the Offeror received $7.5 million or more in contract awards in the prior Federal fiscal year. The representation is optional if the Offeror received less than $7.5 million in Federal contract awards in the prior Federal fiscal year.
(2) Representation. [Offeror to check applicable block(s) in paragraph (t)(2)(i) and (ii)]. (i) The Offeror (itself or through its immediate owner or highest-level owner) [ ___ ] does, [ ___ ] does not publicly disclose greenhouse gas emissions, i.e., makes available on a publicly accessible Web site the results of a greenhouse gas inventory, performed in accordance with an accounting standard with publicly available and consistently applied criteria, such as the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard.
(ii) The Offeror (itself or through its immediate owner or highest-level owner) [ ___ ] does, [ ___ ] does not publicly disclose a quantitative greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal, i.e., make available on a publicly accessible Web site a target to reduce absolute emissions or emissions intensity by a specific quantity or percentage.
(iii) A publicly accessible Web site includes the Offeror's own Web site or a recognized, third-party greenhouse gas emissions reporting program.
(3) If the Offeror checked ``does'' in paragraphs (t)(2)(i) or (t)(2)(ii) of this provision, respectively, the Offeror shall provide the publicly accessible Web site(s) where greenhouse gas emissions and/or reduction goals are reported: ___ .
(u)(1) In accordance with section 743 of Division E, Title VII, of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 (Pub. L. 113-235) and its successor provisions in subsequent appropriations acts (and as extended in continuing resolutions), Government agencies are not permitted to use appropriated (or
otherwise made available) funds for contracts with an entity that requires employees or subcontractors of such entity seeking to report waste, fraud, or abuse to sign internal confidentiality agreements or statements prohibiting or otherwise restricting such employees or subcontractors from lawfully reporting such waste, fraud, or abuse to a designated investigative or law enforcement representative of a Federal department or agency authorized to receive such information.
(2) The prohibition in paragraph (u)(1) of this provision does not contravene requirements applicable to Standard Form 312 (Classified Information Nondisclosure Agreement), Form 4414 (Sensitive Compartmented Information Nondisclosure Agreement), or any other form issued by a Federal department or agency governing the nondisclosure of classified information.
(3) Representation. By submission of its offer, the Offeror represents that it will not require its employees or subcontractors to sign or comply with internal confidentiality agreements or statements prohibiting or otherwise restricting such employees or subcontractors from lawfully reporting waste, fraud, or abuse
related to the performance of a Government contract to a designated investigative or law enforcement representative of a Federal department or agency authorized to receive such information (e.g., agency Office of the Inspector General).
(End of provision)


52.212-5 CONTRACT TERMS AND CONDITIONS REQUIRED TO IMPLEMENT STATUTES OR EXECUTIVE ORDERS--COMMERCIAL ITEMS (JAN 2018)


(a) The Contractor shall comply with the following Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) clauses, which are incorporated in this contract by reference, to implement provisions of law or Executive orders applicable to acquisitions of commercial items:


(1) 52.203-19, Prohibition on Requiring Certain Internal Confidentiality Agreements or Statements (JAN 2017) (section 743 of Division E, Title VII, of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 (Pub. L. 113-235) and its successor provisions in subsequent appropriations acts (and as extended in continuing resolutions)).


(2) 52.209-10, Prohibition on Contracting with Inverted Domestic Corporations (Nov 2015).


(3) 52.233-3, Protest After Award (AUG 1996) (31 U.S.C. 3553).


(4) 52.233-4, Applicable Law for Breach of Contract Claim (OCT 2004) (Public Laws 108-77 and 108-78 (19 U.S.C. 3805 note)).


(b) The Contractor shall comply with the FAR clauses in this paragraph (b) that the Contracting Officer has indicated as being incorporated in this contract by reference to implement provisions of law or Executive orders applicable to acquisitions of commercial items: (Contracting Officer check as appropriate.)


X (1) 52.203-6, Restrictions on Subcontractor Sales to the Government (Sept 2006), with Alternate I (Oct 1995) (41 U.S.C. 4704 and 10 U.S.C. 2402).


____ (2) 52.203-13, Contractor Code of Business Ethics and Conduct (Oct 2015) (41 U.S.C. 3509).


____ (3) 52.203-15, Whistleblower Protections under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (June 2010) (Section 1553 of Pub. L. 111-5). (Applies to contracts funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.)


X (4) 52.204-10, Reporting Executive Compensation and First-Tier Subcontract Awards (Oct 2016) (Pub. L. 109-282) (31 U.S.C. 6101 note).


___ (5) [Reserved]


___ (6) 52.204-14, Service Contract Reporting Requirements (Oct 2016) (Pub. L. 111-117, section 743 of Div. C).

___ (7) 52.204-15, Service Contract Reporting Requirements for Indefinite-Delivery Contracts (Oct 2016) (Pub. L. 111-117, section 743 of Div. C).


X (8) 52.209-6, Protecting the Government's Interest When Subcontracting with Contractors Debarred, Suspended, or Proposed for Debarment. (Oct 2015) (31 U.S.C. 6101 note).


____ (9) 52.209-9, Updates of Publicly Available Information Regarding Responsibility Matters (July 2013) (41 U.S.C. 2313).


____ (10) [Reserved]


____ (11)(i) 52.219-3, Notice of HUBZone Set-Aside or Sole-Source Award (NOV 2011) (15 U.S.C. 657a).


____ (ii) Alternate I (NOV 2011) of 52.219-3.


X (12) (i) 52.219-4, Notice of Price Evaluation Preference for HUBZone Small Business Concerns (OCT 2014) (if the offeror elects to waive the preference, it shall so indicate in its offer) (15 U.S.C. 657a).

____ (ii) Alternate I (JAN 2011) of 52.219-4.


____ (13) [Reserved]


X (14)(i) 52.219-6, Notice of Total Small Business Set-Aside (NOV 2011) (15 U.S.C. 644).


____ (ii) Alternate I (NOV 2011).


____ (iii) Alternate II (NOV 2011).


____ (15)(i) 52.219-7, Notice of Partial Small Business Set-Aside (June 2003) (15 U.S.C. 644).


____ (ii) Alternate I (Oct 1995) of 52.219-7.


____ (iii) Alternate II (Mar 2004) of 52.219-7.


X (16) 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns (Nov 2016) (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(2) and (3)).


____ (17)(i) 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan (Jan 2017) (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(4)).


____ (ii) Alternate I (Nov 2016) of 52.219-9.


____ (iii) Alternate II (Nov 2016) of 52.219-9.


____ (iv) Alternate III (Nov 2016) of 52.219-9.


____ (v) Alternate IV (Nov 2016) of 52.219-9.


____ (18) 52.219-13, Notice of Set-Aside of Orders (NOV 2011) (15 U.S.C. 644(r)).


____ (19) 52.219-14, Limitations on Subcontracting (JAN 2017) (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(14)).


____ (20) 52.219-16, Liquidated Damages-Subcon-tracting Plan (Jan 1999) (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(4)(F)(i)).


____ (21) 52.219-27, Notice of Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business Set-Aside (NOV 2011) (15 U.S.C. 657f).


X (22) 52.219-28, Post Award Small Business Program Rerepresentation (July 2013) (15 U.S.C. 632(a)(2)).


____ (23) 52.219-29, Notice of Set-Aside for, or Sole Source Award to, Economically Disadvantaged Women-Owned Small Business Concerns (Dec 2015) (15 U.S.C. 637(m)).

____(24) 52.219-30, Notice of Set-Aside for, or Sole Source Award to, Women-Owned Small Business Concerns Eligible Under the Women-Owned Small Business Program (Dec 2015) (15 U.S.C. 637(m)).


X (25) 52.222-3, Convict Labor (June 2003) (E.O. 11755).


X (26) 52.222-19, Child Labor--Cooperation with Authorities and Remedies (Jan 2018) (E.O. 13126).


X (27) 52.222-21, Prohibition of Segregated Facilities (Apr 2015).


X (28) 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity (Sept 2016) (E.O. 11246).


X (29) 52.222-35, Equal Opportunity for Veterans (Oct 2015) (38 U.S.C. 4212).


X (30) 52.222-36, Equal Opportunity for Workers with Disabilities (July 2014) (29 U.S.C. 793).


X (31) 52.222-37, Employment Reports on Veterans (FEB 2016) (38 U.S.C. 4212).


X (32) 52.222-40, Notification of Employee Rights Under the National Labor Relations Act (Dec 2010) (E.O. 13496).


X (33)(i) 52.222-50, Combating Trafficking in Persons (March 2, 2015) (22 U.S.C. chapter 78 and E.O. 13627).


____ (ii) Alternate I (March 2, 2015) of 52.222-50 (22 U.S.C. chapter 78 and E.O. 13627).


____ (34) 52.222-54, Employment Eligibility Verification (Oct 2015). (E. O. 12989). (Not applicable to the acquisition of commercially available off-the-shelf items or certain other types of commercial items as prescribed in 22.1803.)


____ (35)(i) 52.223-9, Estimate of Percentage of Recovered Material Content for EPA-Designated Items (May 2008) (42 U.S.C. 6962(c)(3)(A)(ii)). (Not applicable to the acquisition of commercially available off-the-shelf items.)


____ (ii) Alternate I (May 2008) of 52.223-9 (42 U.S.C. 6962(i)(2)(C)). (Not applicable to the acquisition of commercially available off-the-shelf items.)


____ (36) 52.223-11, Ozone-Depleting Substances and High Global Warming Potential Hydrofluorocarbons (June, 2016) (E.O. 13693).


____ (37) 52.223-12, Maintenance, Service, Repair, or Disposal of Refrigeration Equipment and Air Conditioners (June, 2016) (E.O. 13693).


____ (38) (i) 52.223-13, Acquisition of EPEAT® Registered Imaging Equipment (Jun 2014) (E.O.s 13423 and 13514).


____ (ii) Alternate I (OCT 2015) of 52.223-13.


____ (39)(i) 52.223-14, Acquisition of EPEAT® Registered Televisions (Jun 2014) (E.O.s 13423 and 13514).


____ (ii) Alternate I (Jun 2014) of 52.223-14.


____ (40) 52.223-15, Energy Efficiency in Energy-Consuming Products (Dec 2007) (42 U.S.C. 8259b).


____ (41)(i) 52.223-16, Acquisition of EPEAT[supreg]-Registered Personal Computer Products (OCT 2015) (E.O.s 13423 and 13514).


____ (ii) Alternate I (Jun 2014) of 52.223-16.


X (42) 52.223-18, Encouraging Contractor Policies to Ban Text Messaging While Driving (Aug 2011) (E.O. 13513).


____ (43) 52.223-20, Aerosols (June, 2016) (E.O. 13693).


____ (44) 52.223-21, Foams (June, 2016) (E.O. 13693).


____ (45)(i) 52.224-3, Privacy Training (JAN 2017) (5 U.S.C. 552a).


____ (ii) Alternate I (JAN 2017) of 52.224-3.


____ (46) 52.225-1, Buy American--Supplies (May 2014) (41 U.S.C. chapter 83).


____ (47) (i) 52.225-3, Buy American--Free Trade Agreements--Israeli Trade Act (May 2014) (41 U.S.C. chapter 83, 19 U.S.C. 3301 note, 19 U.S.C. 2112 note, 19 U.S.C. 3805 note, 19 U.S.C. 4001 note, Pub. L.
103-182, 108-77, 108-78, 108-286, 108-302, 109-53, 109-169, 109-283, 110-138, 112-41, 112-42, and 112-43.


____ (ii) Alternate I (May 2014) of 52.225-3.


____ (iii) Alternate II (May 2014) of 52.225-3.


____ (iv) Alternate III (May 2014) of 52.225-3.


____ (48) 52.225-5, Trade Agreements (Oct 2016) (19 U.S.C. 2501, et seq., 19 U.S.C. 3301 note).


X (49) 52.225-13, Restrictions on Certain Foreign Purchases (June 2008) (E.O.'s, proclamations, and statutes administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury).


____ (50) 52.225-26, Contractors Performing Private Security Functions Outside the United States (Oct 2016) (Section 862, as amended, of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008; 10 U.S.C. 2302 Note).


____ (51) 52.226-4, Notice of Disaster or Emergency Area Set-Aside (Nov 2007) (42 U.S.C. 5150


____ (52) 52.226-5, Restrictions on Subcontracting Outside Disaster or Emergency Area (Nov 2007) (42 U.S.C. 5150).


____ (53) 52.232-29, Terms for Financing of Purchases of Commercial Items (Feb 2002) (41 U.S.C. 4505, 10 U.S.C. 2307(f)).


____ (54) 52.232-30, Installment Payments for Commercial Items (Jan 2017) (41 U.S.C. 4505, 10 U.S.C. 2307(f)).


X (55) 52.232-33, Payment by Electronic Funds Transfer-System for Award Management (July 2013) (31 U.S.C. 3332).


____ (56) 52.23

          World Suicide Prevention Day : Something to worry about in Egypt       Cache   Translate Page      
The tenth of September has become a World day to raise awareness worldwide against suicide since 2003. It is the World Suicide Prevention Day “WSPD” and I think this year we feel its importance in Egypt, at least in Cairo.

The World Health Organization “WHO” and the International Association For Suicide Prevention “IASP” aim from that day would provide worldwide an action to prevent suicide.
Recently we were hit by a wave of suicide cases in Cairo and Giza. In the past month and a half , Egypt has recorded 7 cases of people’s suicide at Metro station.

Young people throwing themselves in front of Metro trains to end their lives shockingly. Six of the cases was for young men while only one case was for a young girl who was only 20 years old.
There is no official number of people who commit suicide in Egypt.
It is another taboo like the number of Christians in the country I suppose.

I found in WHO data that the suicide mortality rate in Egypt is 4 cases per 100,000 people in 2016.
Yemen and Sudan had got the highest suicide mortality rate in the Eastern Mediterranean region according to the WHO with 8.5 and 8.1 per 100,000 people respectively.
Suicide Mortality rate by WHO in 2016
Suicide Mortality rate by WHO in 2016
"Zoom in"
I think you know why Yemen has had a very high suicide rate.
That war does not only kill people but it also forces them to kill themselves !!

According to the Egyptian Coordination for Human Rights NGO that from January to August 2018, 150 cases of suicide for young adults between 20-35 years old have been recorded.
I found that number in a report about recent metro suicide cases in DW.
I can’t find that study on the NGO’s FB as its website is down but it did publish annually about suicide cases in Egypt.
The only official reaction we got from the government we got from the minister of transportation and not the minister of health interestingly.


Minister Hisham Arafat said in an interview with Pro-regime TV host Ahmed Moussa that the social problems were the reason behind those suicide incidents and that the suicide cases in Metro lines.
He added that those incidents were not that unique because “people around the globe commit suicide at the Metro stations”.
He asked the people not to commit suicide regardless of the pressure they face.

The only news related to the World Suicide Prevention Day that caught the people attention on social media, how belly dancer and attention seeker Sama El-Masry was filmed while presenting to the Metro authority a request to have those “happiness kiosks” in the metro stations in order to stop people from committing suicide.
Those kiosks would provide psychiatric help to the people in trouble.
It seems to me that El-Masry was the only celeb “even as D-List celeb” who remembered that day and despite it is just a media stunt but it is interesting and should be discussed as an attempt to stop this sad suicide race.

Some say that we are 100 millions and we should not be worried but personally I think we should be worried.
Policemen trying to remove the dead body of a person who
committed suicide earlier this month in Egypt "Akhbar Al-Youm" 

Using social media and hashtags, both WHO and IASP hope to drew more attention to suicide and to prevent it but preventing suicide will need more than that.

According to the WHO’s first-ever report released about suicide, more than 800,000 people commit suicide every year around one person every 40 seconds.
Yes, it is extremely alarming.
Most of the suicide cases “75%” occur in the low and middle-income countries aka developing and third countries. In those countries, young adult and elderly women have higher suicide rates than their counterparts in richer countries.
I guess we do not need to discuss why in today’s world a person would his or her own life in these countries.

The WHO said that it wanted the governments around the globe to be committed to fighting suicide according to coordinated plans.
Only only 28 countries are known to have national suicide prevention strategies, I quote the press release of the WHO.

Please if you have any suicide thoughts, seek help for real.
If you fear that your friend or relative is going to commit suicide then help her or him but do not preach to him or her. They do not need preaching, they need someone to give them a hand in order to make them come out of that dark pit.
Depression can kill easily and by the way, people who commit suicide sometimes hide their dark thoughts beneath a smiling mask.

          Authoritarianism, Fundamentalism, and Religious Leaders Who Control Those in Front of Them      Cache   Translate Page      
Mariam Ishag, a Christian woman in Sudan, was hanged by fundamentalist religious leaders for 'apostasy.'

In Sudan, there is no difference between 'civil' authority and 'religious' authority. The civil authorities in charge of Sudan believe it a crime to be a Christian.

Judge Abbas Mohammed Al-Khalifa sentenced Mariam to death with these words: "We gave you three days to recant but you insist on not returning to Islam. I sentence you to be hanged to death."

The Sudanese judge believes himself to be God's authority over this woman's life. He sentenced Mariam 'to death' because he believes he possesses his power and authority from the Divine. When the judge speaks, he believes he speaks for Allah.

Most American evangelicals will cringe at such abuse of authority.

However, American evangelicals need to self-examine before criticizing Islamic perversions of religious authority. Radical Islamicists carry out in this life what American evangelicals decree for the next life.

Condemnation. Judgment. Death.

The most dangerous kind of 'authority' is the kind that takes away a person's freedoms to believe, speak, and live - in this life - as that person desires.

Fundamentalism and extremism, regardless of the religion which gives birth to it, is birthed by religious leaders who claim Divine appointment and who feel the mandate to control all the people in front of them.

Tight control over others is a tell-tale sign of little confidence within myself.

G.K. Chesterton once said, "The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him, but because he loves what is behind him."

To be a soldier set on fire from hell is to be the kind of person who seeks to control those in front (e.g. religious fundamentalism or secular humanism).

To be a true soldier of Christ is to be the kind of person who acknowledges, accepts, and answers those who ask "of the hope that is within us" and refuses to fight.

Why do true soldiers of Christ not fight their "enemies"?

Because we know that what is behind us is already saved and safe by God's grace. 

And we believe that Christ meant it when He said 'By your love for others will all know that you are My disciples" (John 13:35).

Avoid authoritarianism. Avoid fundamentalism.

The former gives birth to the latter, but Christ roots both out of His people.
          Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      
Güney Sudanlı taraflar, aylardır süren yeni barış müzakereleri kapsamında nihai barış anlaşmasını imzaladı.
          Il presidente del Sud Sudan ha firmato un accordo di pace con i ribelli con cui da cinque anni sta combattendo una guerra civile      Cache   Translate Page      

Il presidente del Sud Sudan, Salva Kiir, ha firmato un accordo di pace con il leader delle principali milizie ribelli, Riek Machar, con le quali da anni sta combattendo una guerra civile che ha provocato la morte di decine di migliaia

The post Il presidente del Sud Sudan ha firmato un accordo di pace con i ribelli con cui da cinque anni sta combattendo una guerra civile appeared first on Il Post.


          20 dead as hill collapses on Darfur village in Sudan: rebels      Cache   Translate Page      
At least 20 people have been killed in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region after a hill collapsed onto their village following heavy rain, a rebel group said Wednesday.
          Warring South Sudan leaders sign peace deal      Cache   Translate Page      
South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed a much-anticipated peace deal at a regional summit in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on Wednesday.
          Indulging Steve Bannon is just a form of liberal narcissism | Nesrine Malik      Cache   Translate Page      
White supremacy and fascist flirtations are not ideas that need to be ‘exposed’. We just need to fight them

I grew up in the long shadow of a military coup. To be a child in a country where relatives and friends suddenly disappeared, were detained indefinitely without trial, or in some instances executed, was to grow up very quickly. But the most difficult thing to process was seeing those who had lost family to the government’s brutality scramble to make peace with its members, or even join it, once it became clear the military regime was staying. It’s still a depressing thing to return to Sudan and see men who I remember as a child returning from prison gaunt and hollowed out with starvation and torture, sit among the government’s ranks, fatted, safe, and soft with power.

But it taught me an important lesson: the fate some politicians fear most is not defeat, it is irrelevance. And as the Donald Trump administration functions largely like an African dictatorship, it has been a lesson that has been helpful in shedding light on the complicity of formerly moral Republicans, and in turn, the normalisation of Trump and his associates by liberals.

Continue reading...
          Umfrage: In diesen Ländern empfinden Menschen negative Gefühle am meisten      Cache   Translate Page      
Im Jahr 2017 waren die Einwohner der Zentralafrikanischen Republik, des Iraks und Südsudans öfter als andere mit negativen Emotionen konfrontiert, wie eine Studie des Meinungsforschungsinstituts Gallup zeigte.
          South Sudan:President Kiir, Rebel Leader Machar Sign Ceasefire      Cache   Translate Page      
[Deutsche Welle] After months of back and forth, President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar have inked a final peace deal. Western ceasefire brokers remain skeptical that the pair can stick to a ceasefire agreement. Reported by allAfrica.com 31 minutes ago.
          South Sudan:President Kiir, Rebel Leader Machar Sign Ceasefire      Cache   Translate Page      
[Deutsche Welle] After months of back and forth, President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar have inked a final peace deal. Western ceasefire brokers remain skeptical that the pair can stick to a ceasefire agreement.
          Chúng ta đang sống thế giới nào?      Cache   Translate Page      
Sắc đẹp, phải chăng, là do cặp mắt của người nhìn, như có người từng nói!

Còn quan điểm của mỗi người về thế giới mình đang sống là từ đâu ra, tạo hóa/bản chất hay giáo hóa/dưỡng dục (nature or nurture)? Và nó được định hình bởi yếu tố nào: kinh nghiệm sống, kiến thức, niềm tin (tôn giáo hay nhân bản) v.v…?


Hình minh họa.

Đó là câu hỏi không dễ trả lời. Và không rõ có thể có trả lời nào thỏa đáng không!

Một ly nước nửa đầy hay một ly nước nửa vơi? Tùy theo cái nhìn lạc/bi quan, tích/tiêu cực cũng như não trạng của mỗi người. Trong cùng một người mà có khi mỗi vấn đề và mỗi thời điểm cũng có thể khác nhau.

Người lạc quan, như cựu tổng thống Hoa Kỳ Barack Obama, vào năm 2016 cho rằng nếu có cơ hội được chọn thời điểm sinh ra làm người, ông sẽ chọn thời điểm này. Không phải 50 năm trước, không phải 50 năm nữa, mà ngay thời điểm này. Tuy ghi nhận có lắm thử thách lớn lao của thời đại, ông khẳng định chưa có thời đại nào trong lịch sử nhân loại được hòa bình, thịnh vượng và tiến bộ nhất như bây giờ [1].

Trái ngược với Obama, ứng viên Cộng Hòa Donald Trump cũng ngay vào lúc đó chỉ nhìn thấy một Hoa Kỳ hoàn toàn thua và thiệt, vì các vấn đề về di dân, thương mại, thuế, đạo Hồi, ngoại giao v.v… Trump đổ lỗi cho những chính sách thất bại của chính quyền Obama và trước đây, làm cho nước Mỹ trở nên bi đát như vậy, do đó khẩu hiệu “Làm cho Hoa Kỳ vĩ đại trở lại” nghe lọt lỗ tai không ít người.

Chủ đề của tạp chí Foreign Affairs số tháng 7/8 vừa qua có trình bày sáu bài, với bao quan điểm khác nhau, khi nhìn về thế giới chúng ta đang sống [2]. Thế giới hiện thực, cấp tiến, bộ lạc, Mác xít, kỹ thuật và hâm nóng nhìn vấn đề gần khác nhau hoàn toàn đưa đến cách kết luận vấn đề cũng hoàn toàn khác nhau.

Thế giới hiện thực (realist world)

Thế giới hiện thực nhìn nhận quyền lực và nhà nước quyết định tất cả.

Giáo sư lịch sử và bang giao quốc tế Stephen Kotkin cho rằng mỗi bá chủ thiên hạ (hegemon) cứ cho mình là cuối cùng, không còn ai khác nữa; nhưng thực tế thì mọi quốc gia đều trổi lên, chìm xuống, và cạnh tranh nhau mãi, và tiến trình đó đã quyết định số phận của thế giới [3]. Thời bây giờ cũng thế, chính trị cạnh tranh quyền lực ở tầm lớn sẽ tác động lên các sự kiện lớn, và kết quả cạnh tranh sẽ được quyết định bởi sức mạnh của các bên: từ nhân lực và tài lực cho đến khả năng quản trị quốc gia và hiệu quả của chính sách đối ngoại.

Theo Kotkin thì thế kỷ này phần lớn sẽ được quyết định bởi Hoa Kỳ và Trung Quốc trong việc quản lý nguồn lực và quan hệ của họ. Nhiều người tự thuyết phục rằng sự hội nhập toàn cầu chủ yếu là về kinh tế và các quan điểm tương đồng, và là tiến trình không thể tránh được. Chỉ có vài người, chẳng hạn như Samuel Huntington, chỉ ra rằng văn hóa là quan trọng hơn, và sự hội nhập chỉ làm nổi bật thêm sự khác biệt hơn là hòa tan nó, trong hay ngoài nước. Năm 2004, Huntington nhận xét giới tinh hoa Hoa Kỳ và công chúng có một khoảng cách khác biệt lớn về bản sắc dân tộc và vai trò của Hoa Kỳ trên thế giới; phần lớn giới tinh hoa ngày càng tách xa đất nước của họ, trong khi công chúng Hoa Kỳ thì lại vỡ mộng về chính quyền của mình. Ngược giòng lịch sử, từ cuối thế kỷ 19 đến thế kỷ 20, không giống như các nước Âu châu và Nhật Bản, Hoa Kỳ dành rất ít thời gian để áp đặt nền cai trị thuộc địa trực tiếp đối với các nước khác. Hoa Kỳ, thay vào đó, chọn phát huy quyền lợi của mình với các đồng minh tự nguyện, các định chế đa phương và tự do thương mại. Sự chọn lựa đó đến từ ý thức tư lợi (enlightened self-interest) hơn là lòng vị tha, và được yểm trợ bởi sức mạnh quân sự áp đảo. Khác với trường phái chủ nghĩa cấp tiến, Kotkin không nhìn nhận những định chế đa phương và các tiến trình của hệ thống hậu chiến là “trật tự quốc tế cấp tiến”, cái mà ông cho là cái nhìn ảo huyền của một số người, chứ thật ra nó là cơ chế để Hoa Kỳ tổ chức và phát triển vòng ảnh hưởng lớn lao của mình.

Kotkin nhận định độc tài thì hùng mạnh nhưng lại dễ bể, trong khi dân chủ thì dễ động lòng nhưng bền vững. Trung Quốc đang vươn lên trên nhiều mặt, với nền kinh tế khổng lồ và phóng chiếu sức mạnh của mình, cứng cũng như mềm, ở mọi hướng. Vấn đề chính hiện nay là liệu sự mở rộng vòng ảnh hưởng của Trung Quốc có đưa đến sự thay đổi trật tự quốc tế mà Hoa Kỳ đang lãnh đạo không? Và câu hỏi thực tế cần đặt ra là trên con đường như thế, liệu Trung Quốc sẽ dẫm nát một số quốc gia trên chặng đường đó vì nó có thể, và Hoa Kỳ phải chia sẻ lãnh đạo toàn cầu với Trung Quốc vì nó không có sự chọn lựa nào khác? Trong vị thế Hoa Kỳ, nếu chọn chiến lược chuyển tiếp từ hoạt động mạnh mẽ toàn cầu trên mọi mặt (như các chính sách trước đây) sang một số hoạt động chọn lọc chỉ để phục vụ quyền lợi quốc gia, thì sẽ được hoan nghênh trong nước, mặc dầu các chính trị gia và chuyên gia sẽ phản kháng.

Theo Kotkin, để các đấu sĩ ngày nay không bị mất đầu như các thế hệ trước của họ, bốn điều cần xảy ra trước sự biến đổi khôn lường của cuộc cách mạng công nghệ bốn. Một, các nhà làm chính sách Tây phương phải tìm ra những phương thức để đại đa số người dân của họ được hưởng lợi và ủng hộ cho một thế giới mở rộng và hội nhập. Hai, các nhà làm chính sách Trung Quốc phải bảo đảm sự trổi dậy của họ là hòa bình, bằng thỏa hiệp, hơn là cưỡng ép các quốc gia bên ngoài. Ba, Hoa Kỳ cần phải duy trì vị thế cân bằng chính xác giữa răn đe và đảm bảo mạnh mẽ đối với Trung Quốc, và tìm cách ổn định các vấn đề nội địa. Bốn, sau cùng, phép màu nhiệm cần đến đối với Đài Loan (vì theo Kotkin thì dù muốn hay không Đài Loan vẫn mang giá trị chiến lược trong mối quan hệ giữa Hoa Kỳ và Trung Quốc).

Thế giới cấp tiến (liberal world)

Thế giới cấp tiến nhìn nhận quy luật, tương thuộc và hợp tác quyết định tất cả.

Theo giáo sư G. John Ikenberry và Daniel Deudney thì hệ thống và trật tự quốc tế tự do sẽ tiếp tục tồn tại, mặc dầu sức mạnh tương xứng của Hoa Kỳ đã gia giảm [4]. Các thế lực đen tối, từ chủ nghĩa phi tự do, độc tài, dân tộc, bảo hộ, vòng ảnh hưởng, chủ nghĩa xét lại lãnh thổ đã không những biến mất mà còn trở lại gây ảnh hưởng. Trung Quốc và Nga đã làm tiêu tan mọi hy vọng chuyển hóa sang dân chủ, trong khi Hoa Kỳ và Anh, hai bảo hộ của trật tự quốc tế cấp tiến lại tự chọn thái độ tự huỷ. Tuy nhiên hai ông tin rằng chủ nghĩa cấp tiến trong đó nền dân chủ cấp tiến như là một hệ thống chính quyền, và nền trật tự cấp tiến như là một khung sườn định hình chính trị quốc tế, sẽ tiếp tục ngự trị. Lý do, theo hai ông, vì tính cách tương thuộc (interdependence). Khi sự tương thuộc về kinh tế, an ninh và môi trường càng gia tăng thì người dân và chính phủ khắp nơi sẽ phải làm việc với nhau để giải quyết vấn đề, nếu không tất cả sẽ bị tổn hại nghiêm trọng.

Hai giáo sư biện luận không có gì chắc chắn để bảo đảm rằng lịch sử sẽ kết thúc với sự chiến thắng của chủ nghĩa cấp tiến, nhưng điều chắc chắn là một trật tự thế giới lương thiện sẽ mang tính cấp tiến. Một thế giới mà có nhiều quốc gia tư bản có nền dân chủ cấp tiến sẽ hòa bình, thịnh vượng và tôn trọng nhân quyền. Những người cấp tiến hay bị phê bình là có những giả định quá lạc quan, lý tưởng, ngay cả không tưởng, về tiến trình lịch sử nhân loại. Trên thực tế tinh thần lạc quan của họ có điều kiện, họ công nhận có những thỏa hiệp bi thảm (không tránh được), và họ cũng để ý đến những khả năng có thể dẫn đến thảm họa ở tầng lớn. Giống như người hiện thực, người cấp tiến cũng ghi nhận rằng bản chất con người thường muốn có quyền lực, và do đó người cấp tiến vận động cho sự ràng buộc của hiến pháp và pháp luật. Nhưng khác với người hiện thực nhìn lịch sử như là sự lập đi lập lại, người cấp tiến là kẻ kế thừa gia sản của thời đại Khai sáng, của sự sáng tạo khoa học kỹ thuật, cái mà đưa đến bao nhiêu khả năng tiến bộ cũng như thảm hoạ cho nhân loại.

Chủ nghĩa cấp tiến chủ yếu là thực dụng. Người cấp tiến hiện đại ủng hộ các chính quyền dân chủ, hệ thống kinh tế dựa trên thị trường, và các định chế quốc tế không phải vì lý tưởng mà vì sự sắp xếp như thế sẽ phục vụ tốt hơn cho nhân loại, hơn tất cả những giải pháp khác. Chủ nghĩa cấp tiến cũng có khả năng thích ứng thực dụng và có thiên hướng đưa đến những sáng tạo định chế (institutional innovations) mang tính sống còn đối với các thử thách đang hiện ra, bao gồm trí tuệ nhân tạo, chiến tranh mạng và kỹ thuật di truyền.

Trên hết, chủ nghĩa cấp tiến có sức quyến rủ toàn cầu và vĩnh viễn bởi vì nó cam kết đối với nhân phẩm và tự do cá nhân. Nó soi sáng ý tưởng khoan dung, điều mà chắc chắn cần thiết trong một thế giới càng tương tác và đa dạng. Mặc dầu chủ thuyết này đến từ Tây phương, các giá trị của nó đã trở thành phổ quát, và những nhà vô địch ủng hộ nó bao gồm Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev và Nelson Mandela. Mặu dầu chủ nghĩa đế quốc, nô lệ và kỳ thị chủng tộc đã làm xấu đi lịch sử Tây phương, chủ nghĩa cấp tiến đi đầu các nỗ lực, vừa hòa bình vừa chiến đấu, để cải tổ và chấm dứt các hành xử trên. Đến mức độ mà vòng cung lịch sử đã hướng đến công lý, đó là do những hoạt động và cam kết đạo đức của người cấp tiến và những liên minh của họ.

Hai giáo sư phân tích nguyên nhân đưa đến sự suy thoái của dân chủ và sự trồi dậy của chủ nghĩa dân túy trong thời gian qua. Lý do phần lớn là do sự bất bình đẳng kinh tế quá lớn, nhưng giải pháp cho các vấn đề này là sự cần thiết quay trở lại nền dân chủ cấp tiến. Chẳng hạn như áp dụng các chính sách dân chủ xã hội thể hiện trong New Deal, thông qua các luật thuế tiến bộ, và đầu tư nhiều hơn vào giáo dục và cơ sở hạ tầng. Nói cách khác, giải pháp cho các vấn đề của dân chủ cấp tiến là dân chủ cấp tiến nhiều hơn. Tóm lại, hai giáo sư kết luận chủ nghĩa cấp tiến, tự bản chất, có những hạt giống để cứu lấy chính nó.

Hai giáo sư cho rằng sau Thế Chiến II, các nền dân chủ cấp tiến đã hợp tác để tạo ra một trật tự mà phản ảnh quyền lợi chung của họ. Sau hơn bảy thập niên, mặt dầu có những điểm bất toàn của nó, nó đã bám rễ quá sâu, trong đó hàng trăm triệu người, nếu không phải là tỷ người, đã có những hoạt động và mong đợi nhắm vào các định chế và khuyến khích của trật tự này, cho nên không dễ gì thay đổi nó. Nếu nghĩ rằng một vài năm theo xu hướng mị dân thì quốc gia sẽ đột ngột thay đổi chủ nghĩa cấp tiến là điều không tưởng. Các xã hội tư bản dân chủ cấp tiến đã phát đạt và mở mang vì nó rất giỏi trong việc kích thích và vận dụng sáng tạo nhưng đồng thời giải quyết các ảnh hưởng quá đà của chính nó hay các yếu tố tiêu cực ngoại cuộc.

Hai giáo sư đã đi sâu phân tích các yếu tố lịch sử và hiện tại để biện minh chủ nghĩa cấp tiến sẽ trường tồn. Tính năng động của sự thay đổi liên tục và tính tương thuộc gia tăng đang ngày càng tăng tốc độ, từ vấn đề môi trường, vũ khí sinh học, chiến tranh mạng, đã làm cho mọi quốc gia phải dựa vào các quy định quốc tế để duy trì nền an ninh của mình, và chủ nghĩa tư bản toàn cầu phải dựa vào khả năng quản trị tài chánh và thương mại quốc tế. Ngay cả Trump mặc dầu có những lời nói và hành động trái ngược với xu hướng cấp tiến, trên thực tế vẫn tiếp tục nhiều chính sách của các vị tiền nhiệm; còn trong các vấn đề khác thì các quốc gia trong trật tự cấp tiến này đã nhận lãnh vai trò này, không cần đến Trump hay lãnh đạo từ Oval Office. Trong thời đại thương thuộc toàn cầu, ngay cả người hiện thực cũng phải là một người quốc tế (internationalist).

Tóm lại, nền dân chủ cấp tiến đã tồn tại và phát triển khi phải đối diện với bao thử thách lớn lao hơn, từ Đại Khủng khoảng đến Trục Quyền (Đức Ý Nhật) đến phong trào cộng sản quốc tế. Do đó có mọi lý do để tin là nó sẽ vượt qua thử thách kỳ này. Nhưng trên hết, sự lạc quan về chủ nghĩa cấp tiến dựa trên một sự thật đơn giản: các giải pháp của những vấn đề hôm nay là càng dân chủ và càng trật tự cấp tiến. Tương thuộc và hợp tác là đặc tính của nền chính trị thế giới. Qua tiến trình lịch sử, tiến hóa, khủng hoảng và thay đổi huyên náo là điều bình thường, và chủ nghĩa cấp tiến rất giỏi về mặt cưỡi trên các bão táp xáo trộn của chuyển động lịch sử. Theo hai giáo sư nhận định thì các chế độ phi tự do sẽ bị chôn vùi trong thời nguy biến trong khi chủ nghĩa cấp tiến sẽ chậm rãi tiến về phía trước.

Thế giới bộ lạc (tribal world)

Thế giới bộ lạc nhìn nhận bản sắc và chủng tộc quyết định tất cả.

Giáo sư luật Amy Chua cho rằng người Mỹ, giới phân tích cũng như các nhà làm chính sách của họ, không quan tâm hoặc không ghi nhận tầm trong trọng của chủ nghĩa bộ lạc trong chính trị quốc tế [5]. Họ chỉ chú tâm đến vai trò của ý thức hệ và kinh tế và có khuynh hướng nhìn nhà nước-quốc gia (nation-states) như là thành phần tổ chức quan trọng nhất. Làm như thế họ đánh giá không đúng về vai trò mà đặc tính của nhóm (group) đã ảnh hưởng đến cách hành xử của con người như thế nào. Họ bỏ qua dữ kiện quan trọng rằng tại nhiều nơi, bản sắc vẫn mang tầm quan trọng nhất - nơi mà người ta sẽ sẵn sàng sống chết vì nó - không phải là vấn đề quốc gia mà là chủng tộc, vùng, tôn giáo, giáo phái hoặc gia tộc, bộ lạc. Không nhìn thấy sức mạnh của bộ lạc sẽ ảnh hưởng không chỉ đến cách người Mỹ nhìn thế giới mà còn cách họ hiểu về chính xã hội của họ.

Chua trích dẫn cuộc nghiên cứu gần đây của đội nghiên cứu tâm lý đối với các em bé 4 tới 6 tuổi, chia thành hai đội đỏ và xanh. Các em bé nam và nữ này thể hiện một trí nhớ lệch lạc có hệ thống, chỉ nhớ những điều tích cực về nhóm của mình nhưng tiêu cực đối với nhóm khác. Các nhà nghiên cứu kết luận rằng sự nhận thức của trẻ em đối với các bạn khác là méo mó sâu rộng chỉ vì là thành viên của một nhóm xã hội. Các cuộc nghiên cứu khác đối với trẻ em - thành phần được cho là ngây thơ, không bị nhiều thành kiến cũng như thành thật hơn - đưa đến những kết luận rằng khi thấy nhóm của mình thành tựu thì nó làm cho trung tâm tưởng thưởng (reward centres) của bộ não con người được kích thích; ngay cả khi nhóm khác bị thất bại hay đau đớn thì cũng phản ứng như thế; và sự đồng cảm với người cùng nhóm, hay sự ác cảm đối với người khác nhóm, nhất là khi các nhóm đó đã từng thù nghịch hay không thích nhau từ lâu, đã tác động lên trẻ em ngay từ nhỏ.

Chua biện luận rằng bản sắc nhiều khi mang tính quyết định hơn ý thức hệ. Trường hợp điển hình là Chiến tranh Việt Nam. Lãnh đạo Hoa Kỳ đã đánh giá quá thấp về việc người Việt trong cả hai miền Nam và Bắc muốn được độc lập dân tộc, so với sự cam kết đối với ý thức hệ Mác. Trong khi đó, Hà Nội chấp nhận sự ủng hộ về kinh tế và quân sự từ Trung Quốc, là đồng minh tiện lợi lúc đó, nhưng mỗi đứa bé Việt Nam từ nhỏ đã học lịch sử rằng cha ông của họ đã chiến đấu và đã chết để giải phóng đất nước của họ từ sự đô hộ ngàn năm của Trung Quốc, bắt đầu từ năm 111 trước Công nguyên. Cuộc chiến biên giới giữa Việt Nam và Trung Quốc năm 1979 càng chứng tỏ bản sắc quyết định hơn ý thức hệ cộng sản. Tuy nhiên lãnh đạo Hoa Kỳ trong cuộc chiến Việt Nam không cân nhắc yếu tố này trong chính sách của mình.

Chua cũng đưa trường hợp của Afghanistan ra làm thí dụ cho thấy Hoa Kỳ cũng quên tầm quan trọng của bản sắc chủng tộc. Sau sự kiện 11 tháng 9, Hoa Kỳ đưa quân vào Afghanistan để tiêu diệt al Qaeda và lật để chế độ Taliban. Afghanistan là quốc gia có mối quan hệ phức tạp giữa các sắc tộc và bộ lạc. Hơn 200 năm, Pashtuns là sắc tộc lớn nhất chiếm vị thế áp đảo tại đây. Taliban không chỉ là một phong trào Hồi Giáo mà còn là phong trào chủng tộc. Pashtuns thành lập và chiếm đa số Taliban. Sau khi lật đổ Taliban năm 2001 chỉ trong vòng 75 ngày, Hoa Kỳ thành lập chính phủ đứng đầu là Hamid Karzai, người gốc Pashtuns, nhưng phần lớn các bộ chính trong chính phủ này đều là người gốc Tajiks. Người Pashtuns nghĩ họ bị gạt ra ngoài lề, cho nên mặc dầu nhiều người Pashtuns cũng thù ghét Taliban, ít ai trong họ sẵn sàng ủng hộ một chính phủ mà đặt quyền lợi của kẻ thù truyền kiếp của họ lên trên chính họ. 17 năm sau khi Hoa Kỳ xâm chiếm nước này, một cuộc chiến dài nhất của Hoa Kỳ, Taliban vẫn chiếm một phần lớn lãnh thổ của Afghanistan. Bây giờ tuy các giới khoa bảng và các nhà làm chính sách hiểu những phức tạp về chủng tộc tại Afghanistan, sự nhận thức này hơi trễ và cũng chưa mang lại ý nghĩa nhiều đối với chính sách tại đây.

Một trường hợp khác nữa là chiến tranh Iraq. Các kiến trúc gia và những người ủng hộ cuộc chiến Iraq không cân nhắc các yếu tố đã chia rẽ sâu sắc giữa các hệ phái theo Shiites, Sunnis và Kurds tại Iraq, tầm quan trọng chính yếu về sự trung thành đối với bộ lạc và gia tộc trong xã hội Iraq. Bởi vì họ quên một điều cụ thể “sự hiện hữu của một thiểu số áp đảo thị trường (market – dominant minority)”. Sunnis đã áp đảo nền chính trị của Iraq nhiều thế kỷ, đầu tiên dưới sự cai trị của Ottoman, và đặc biệt dưới thời Saddam Hussain. Trước khi Hoa Kỳ xâm chiếm Iraq, khoảng 15 phần trăm dân số Iraq là người Ả Rập Sunni thống trị nền kinh tế, chính trị và quân sự của nước này, trong khi phái Shiites chiếm đa số ở thành thị và nông thôn. Thay vì mang lại hòa bình và thịnh vượng cho Iraq, nền dân chủ non trẻ đã dẫn đến chiến tranh giáo phái, đưa đến sự hình thành nên cái gọi là Nhà nước Hồi Giáo IS/ISIS, một phong trào cực đoan phái Sunni nhằm tiêu diệt phái Shiite, những người bỏ đạo và cả người Tây phương vô đạo. Nhờ chính sách thay đổi 180 độ về sự quan tâm của quân lực Hoa Kỳ kể từ năm 2007 để họ được giáo dục hơn về các động lực phức tạp về giáo phái và sắc tộc tại quốc gia này nên đã mang lại những thành công đáng kể, kể cả sự gia giảm về bạo lực giữa các giáo phái và nạn nhân của quân đội Hoa Kỳ và Iraq.

Trong những năm gần đây, Hoa Kỳ, một quốc gia được xem là dân chủ cấp tiến và phần lớn không hiểu các suy nghĩ và hành xử kiểu hậu bộ lạc (post tribalism), nay cũng không còn miễn nhiễm nữa. Lần đầu tiên trong lịch sử Hoa Kỳ, người Mỹ da trắng đã gần như bị mất vị thế chiếm đa số tại quốc gia này. Cuộc nghiên cứu năm 2011 cho thấy hơn một nửa người Mỹ da trắng tin rằng “người da trắng thay thế người da đen thành nạn nhân chính của sự kỳ thị”. Khi các nhóm cảm thấy bị đe doạ, họ dễ trở thành phòng thủ hơn, hẹp hòi hơn và khoác áo chủ nghĩa bộ lạc hơn (ta với địch). Nó cũng đưa đến sự căng thẳng giữa da trắng với da đen, Thiên Chúa Giáo, Da Thái và Hồi Giáo, cấp tiến và bảo thủ v.v…

Nhưng có một nguyên nhân khác dẫn đến căn bệnh chủ nghĩa bộ lạc tại Hoa Kỳ ngày nay. Lịch sử Hoa Kỳ trước đến nay không có chuyện “một thiểu số áp đảo thị trường”. Phần lớn đất nước này do đa số người da trắng tương đối thống nhất nhau ảnh hưởng một cách áp đảo về kinh tế, chính trị và văn hóa. Nhưng giờ đây, sự thịnh vượng của Hoa Kỳ tập trung vào một thiểu số nhỏ sống dọc các bờ biển, và họ chiếm phần lớn Wall Street, truyền thông và Thung lũng Silicon (Valley). Tuy họ không phụ thuộc vào bất kỳ một chủng tộc nào, họ có những nét văn hóa riêng biệt, họ chia sẻ các giá trị phổ quát như chủ nghĩa thế tục, đa văn hóa, chấp nhận đa nguyên giới tính, ủng hộ di dân và nền chính trị cấp tiến. Họ được xem là không quan tâm hay ngay cả đối nghịch với quyền lợi đất nước. Chua biện luận Trump biết sử dụng các yếu tố này, sự bất mãn của người dân nói chung và người Mỹ da trắng nói riêng, tuyên bố “phải lấy lại nước mình” hoặc “làm cho nước Mỹ vĩ đại trở lại”.

Chua kết luận rằng một cách để thoát khỏi hoàn cảnh chia rẽ này là phải giải quyết cả hai vấn đề kinh tế lẫn văn hóa. Hàng trăm năm qua, cơ hội kinh tế đã nâng cao nấc thang xã hội giúp cho Hoa Kỳ hội nhập thành công mọi người khác thuộc mọi sắc tộc nhau hơn tất cả các quốc gia khác. Cho nên sự sụp đổ của cơ hội thăng tiến đó nên được xem là một vấn đề cấp bách của quốc gia. Trên bình diện thế giới cũng như tại Hoa Kỳ, sự đoàn kết sẽ không tự nhiên đến mà phải bằng sự chăm chỉ, lãnh đạo gan đạ và ý chí tập thể.

Thế giới Mác (Marxist world)

Thế giới Mác xít nhìn nhận phân chia đồng đều và bình đẳng vật chất quyết định tất cả.

Kể từ năm 1967, thu nhập trung bình của 60 phần trăm dân số Hoa Kỳ đã trì trệ mặc dầu sự thu nhập và giàu có của những người giàu nhất đã gia tăng. Robin Varghese nhận xét rằng Mác tin tưởng cách mạng sẽ đến đối với các nền kinh tế tư bản phát triển nhất, nhưng không, nó lại đến với các quốc gia chậm phát triển hơn như Nga và Trung Quốc [6]. Giữa thế kỷ 20, các nước Tây Âu và Hoa Kỳ đã học cách quản lý sự bất ổn và bất công, đặc trưng của nền tư bản thời Mác. Tuy nhiên, hơn ai hết, Mác hiểu rõ cơ chế đã làm suy thoái chủ nghĩa tư bản, và các vấn đề đã mọc ra khi chính quyền không tích cực giải quyết nó, như đã thấy trong 40 năm qua. Do đó Varghese cho rằng chủ nghĩa Mác không quá cố mà vẫn còn cắt nghĩa được các vấn đề ngày hôm nay.

Varghese phân tích áp lực của giới thương gia là cần tích luỹ vốn liếng trong điều kiện cạnh tranh của thị trường, như sau. Một, những người công nhân luôn nhận lấy phần ít hơn về mình so với những gì họ đóng góp để tạo ra kết quả, đưa đến sự bất công và bần cùng. Hai, sự cạnh tranh giữa các nhà tư bản để giảm chi, như lương công nhân, bắt buộc họ phải nghĩ đến khoa học kỹ thuật để có thể giảm bớt sức lao động. Các kỹ thuật này sẽ loại trừ một số việc, làm cho một thành phần xã hội vĩnh viễn bị mất hoàn toàn hay một phần việc làm. Ba, Mác cho rằng sự cạnh tranh gây gắt sẽ dẫn đến sự tập trung và sự lớn mạnh của một số doanh nghiệp, và các doanh nghiệp có nhiều lợi nhuận hơn sẽ loại trừ các doanh nghiệp nhỏ hơn, và càng như thế càng cạnh tranh và càng hiện đại về kỹ thuật, đưa đến nhiều thặng dư hơn. Tuy nhiên các thặng dư này cũng không được chia đồng đều, làm cho hai điều một và hai nói trên gia tăng.

Nhưng Mác đã đánh giá thấp sức mạnh của nỗ lực chung (của chế độ tư bản) để cải tổ chính trị. Và Mác cũng sai lầm về khả năng của nền kinh tế tư bản trong việc thỏa mãn nhu cầu của con người, ít nhất là về mặt vật chất.

Đối với các nước phát triển, từ năm 1948 đến 1973, lương bổng gia tăng song song với năng suất, nhưng kể từ năm 1973, năng suất gia tăng gần 75 phần trăm, trong khi mức lương thật sự chỉ tăng dưới 10 phần trăm. Đối với 60 phần trăm gia đình, lương bổng không thay đổi gì đáng kể. Và đây chính là lý do làm cho Mác hiện hữu trở lại, như đã tiên đoán được diễn tiến của chủ nghĩa tư bản. Nói cách khác, tuy chủ nghĩa tư bản mang lại sự giàu có và sự phát triển khoa học kỹ thuật chưa từng thấy trước đây, nó không thể đáp ứng được nhu cầu của toàn xã hội.

Theo Varghese thì Mác biện luận rằng vấn đề không phải là giới hạn về vật chất mà là chính trị và xã hội: sự sản xuất được sắp xếp theo quyền lợi của giai cấp tư bản hơn là cho toàn xã hội; ngay cả khi cá nhân các nhà tư bản và công nhân suy nghĩ và hành động hợp lý, cả hệ thống lại phi lý. Khi nhu cầu sản xuất gia tăng, giới tư bản muốn đầu tư nhiều hơn vào khoa học kỹ thuật để gia tăng năng xuất, gia giảm tiền lương cho công nhân. Trong vài thập niên qua, những người dưới bằng cấp trung học chiếm tỷ lệ dưới 50 phần trăm lao động. Với kỹ nghệ tự động hóa và trí tuệ nhân tạo, tất cả các việc này đều có thể bị xóa sạch trong vài thập niên tới. Theo tổ chức OECD thì có đến 14 phần trăm, tức 60 triệu, công việc trong các quốc gia này có thể được tự động hóa. Theo công ty tư vấn McKinsey thì 30 phần trăm của mọi thời gian làm việc toàn cầu có thể được tự động hóa. Những công nhân này sẽ làm gì, sẽ được phân phối trong xã hội như thế nào, thì chưa ai biết được. Theo tiến trình của 50 năm qua gợi ý thì các công nhân này sẽ không được thu nhận vào lực lượng lao động nếu số phận của họ được quyết định bởi thị trường. Thêm vào đó, tiến trình thay đổi do khoa học kỹ thuật mang lại sẽ đưa đến sự tập trung thị trường (market concentration), với những thương nghiệp ngày càng lớn mạnh sẽ áp đảo sản xuất. Mác tiên đoán một thế giới không phải độc quyền mà là độc quyền cạnh tranh, trong đó những kẻ mạnh đang hiện hữu sẽ thụ hưởng lợi nhuận, những kẻ yếu hơn sẽ vất vả để tồn tại, và những kẻ mới vào sẽ phải nỗ lực sáng tạo để chiếm dần thị trường. Các thương nghiệp lớn có lợi thế hơn, về sáng chế cũng như mạng lưới sẵn có, mua và sát nhập các thương nghiệp nhỏ, hay sa thải công nhân khi cần để gia tăng cạnh tranh v.v… Từ năm 1982 đến nay, sáu lĩnh vực chiếm 80 phần trăm nhân công tại Hoa Kỳ (tài chánh, sản xuất, dịch vụ, bán lẻ, bán sỉ, và tiện ích và giao thông) ngày càng tập trung cạnh tranh. Khi các đại thương nghiệp như Amazon, Apple, FedEx chiếm áp đảo địa hạt của mình tại các nền kinh tế Tây phương, công nhân bị thiệt thòi nhiều nhất.

Sự thách thức lớn nhất đối với quan điểm của Mác là sự hình thành và phát triển của nhà nước phúc lợi (welfare states) ở Tây phương vào giữa thế kỷ 20, phần lớn là do các đảng dân chủ xã hội đại diện giới công nhân. Kiến trúc sư trí tuệ John Maynard Keynes là nhân vật chính của các phát động này. Ông biện luận rằng hoạt động kinh tế không phải được điều khiển bởi quyết định đầu tư của giới tư bản mà chủ yếu là sự tiêu thụ của người dân thường. Ảnh hưởng của Keynes lên nền kinh tế và chính trị rất lớn, giúp cho các đảng chính trị tả lẫn hữu điều chỉnh chính sách, đạt được hiệu năng, công bằng và mọi người đều có việc (full employment), điều mà Mác không thể tưởng tượng có thể xảy ra. Tuy nhiên từ thập niên 1970 trở đi, các chính phủ này gặp nhiều khó khăn trong việc vượt qua các giới hạn của chủ nghĩa tư bản, một bên là công việc đầy đủ cho mọi người, nhưng lực lượng lao động đến từ nó đã dẫn đến sự giảm sút lợi nhuận. Varghese cho rằng về lâu dài, quyền lợi kinh tế của tư bản đã thắng cung cách tổ chức chính trị của người dân.

Giải pháp cho các vấn đề phức tạp và đầy thử thách trên là đầu tiên ghi nhận sự giới hạn của chính trị trong thời đại vàng son của chủ nghĩa tư bản, bao gồm sự kết hợp của các công đoàn mạnh, sự quản trị cung cầu theo chủ thuyết của Keynes, chính sách tiền tệ lỏng lẻo, và sự quản lý vốn, sẽ không thể nào dẫn đến xã hội công bằng trong chủ nghĩa tư bản mãi được. Thử thách của ngày hôm nay là tìm ra những đường nét chính của nền kinh tế hỗn hợp mà đã đem lại những kết quả đáng kể trong thời đại vàng son của chủ nghĩa tư bản như nói trên, và thêm vào đó khởi động cho sự bình đẳng về phái tính và sắc tộc. Nói cách khác, nó cần sự sắp xếp định chế mới được hỗ trợ bởi các hình thức chính trị mới.

Thế giới kỹ thuật (Tech world)

Thế giới kỹ thuật nhìn nhận cách mạng công nghệ, nhất là trí tuệ nhân tạo, quyết định tất cả.

Theo Drum thì tiên đoán tương lai ra sao rất khó, thôi thì nhìn về quá khứ để tìm giải thích [7]. Thế kỷ 19 là bình minh của nền dân chủ cấp tiến. Nhưng nó cũng là thế kỷ của đế quốc và thực dân Tây phương. Nó cũng bắt đầu cuộc chiến tranh toàn diện. Thế lực tôn giáo đi xuống trong khi chủ nghĩa dân tộc đi lên. Và nó cũng bất đầu thời đại của bình đẳng. Phụ nữ đòi bình quyền tại Seneca Falls, New York, và Tân Tây Lan là quốc gia đầu tiên cấp quyền sử dụng lá phiếu bầu cử. Anh cấm buôn nô lệ, Hoa Kỳ giải phóng nô lệ và Nga trả tự do cho nông nô.

Dân chủ, chủ nghĩa tư bản, chủ nghĩa thực dân, chiến tranh hiện đại, chủ nghĩa dân tộc, và quyền bình đẳng đã đưa đến bao hệ quả, và lý do ra đời của hàng ngàn cuốn sách về các vấn đề này. Nhưng theo Kevin Drum thì tất cả những điều nêu trên không quan trọng. Điều quan trọng nhất của địa chính trị trong thế kỷ 19 là cuộc Cách mạng Công nghệ. Không có nó thì sẽ không có giai cấp trung lưu, như thế không có áp lực để dân chủ hóa. Sẽ không có cuộc cách mạng tư bản vì các nhà nước nông nghiệp không cần đến nó. Sẽ không có thực dân hóa ở tầm lớn bởi vì giới hạn của sự thèm muốn nguyên liệu thô đối với các quốc gia phi kỹ nghệ. Sẽ không có chiến tranh toàn diện nếu không có kỹ nghệ sản xuất thép và độ chính xác rẻ. Và nếu thế giới phần lớn vẫn ở trong trạng thái văn hóa và kinh tế chủ yếu dựa trên nền nông nghiệp sinh tồn truyền thống, rất có thể là nền nô lệ sẽ không chấm dứt và nữ quyền sẽ không bắt đầu.

Các yếu tố chính tác động ở thời đại này là động cơ hơi nước, lý thuyết vi trùng, điện và xe lửa. Vào năm 1800, không ai biết tương lai địa chính trị của thế kỷ 19 sẽ như thế nào, nhưng nó đã được chuyển động trước đó chín thập niên khi Thomas Newcomen đã chế tạo thành công động cơ sử dụng hơi nước đầu tiên. Drum cũng tin rằng các thế hệ người máy tiếp theo sẽ tác động lên tiến trình lịch sử nhân loại trong thế kỷ 21. Kết quả cuộc cạnh tranh và đối đầu giữa hai cường quốc Hoa Kỳ và Trung Quốc sẽ được định đoạt khi một bên thắng được trí tuệ nhân tạo. Để đạt đến đó, Drum cho rằng máy vi tính cần phần cứng mạnh như bộ não con người (hardware) và phần mềm có khả năng suy nghĩ (software). Hiện tại bộ óc con người có thể tính từ 10 đến 100 petaflops (bằng một triệu tỷ, tức 10 luỹ thừa 15, tính toán một giây), và sức mạnh của máy vi tính hiện nay cũng tương đương như thế. Nhưng một cái máy siêu vi tính như thế chiếm bằng một căn phòng, tốn hơn 200 triệu, và tiền điện mỗi năm tốn 5 triệu đô la. Vấn đề là làm sao máy nhỏ hơn và rẻ hơn. Nghiên cứu về máy tính lượng tử hiện nay nằm trong mục tiêu đó. Các nhà chuyên về trí tuệ nhân tạo AI cho rằng có 50 phần trăm cơ hội là AI sẽ thực hiện được tất cả các hoạt động của con người vào 2060, trong khi giới AI Á Đông thì cho rằng có thể hiện thực khoảng năm 2045.

Các nhà nghiên cứu này không nghĩ rằng các máy móc này chỉ làm được các việc thường ngày thôi, mà nó còn có thể nấu burger, viết tiểu thuyết và thực hiện giải phẫu. Nó sẽ làm nhanh hơn, không bao giờ biết mệt, sẽ cập nhật kiến thức thế giới mới nhất trong vòng tích tắc, và có sức mạnh phân tích hơn bất cứ một cá nhân nào. Hiện nay thì chưa có vẻ gì sẽ đạt được kết quả như thế, nhưng trng vòng vài thập niên tới, máy robot sẽ làm cho hàng triệu người mất việc.

Drum cho rằng mấu chốt vấn đề là liệu Trung Quốc, trong vòng 20 năm tới, đạt được kỹ nghệ AI tốt nhất không? Nếu được, họ có thể trở thành bá quyền, nếu họ muốn. Nếu không thể thì họ sẽ không được.

Còn vấn đề khủng bố thánh chiến? Nó sẽ trở thành nạn nhân của AI. Những máy bay không người lái hiện tại (drone) đã đẩy lùi các nhóm khủng bố này, nói gì đến các máy được điều khiển bởi AI trong tương lai. Không có tổ chức nào với kỹ thuật kém có thể tồn tại được. Chiến tranh trong tương lai chủ yếu là do giữa máy móc với nhau. Nhiều công việc sẽ mất vì tự động hóa, kể cả lái xe truck. Phân tích của công ty PwC vào năm 2017 cho hay có đến 38 phần trăm công việc tại Hoa Kỳ có nguy cơ bị tự động hóa vào đầu thập niên 2030. Vào thập niên 2040, các nhà nghiên cứu phỏng đoán các máy vi tính sẽ có thể tự thực hiện nghiên cứu công trình toán học mới, giải phẫu, viết tiểu thuyết bán chạy nhất và có thể làm bất cứ công việc nào đòi hỏi khả năng nhận thức như trên. Không như cuộc Cách mạng Công nghệ đầu tốn gần 100 năm để chuyển động, lần này nó chỉ mất một hai thập niên, và AI sẽ là kỹ nghệ mang lại lợi nhuận nhiều nhất so với tất cả các thứ khác.

Điều này có hệ quả gì đối với chính trị? Theo Drum thì vai trò của các chính quyền hiện tại là quản lý và kiểm soát nền kinh tế cho quyền lợi chung của toàn thể người dân. Cho nên nền chính trị trong tương lai là chính quyền có khả năng sử dụng sức mạnh của AI cho đa số dân chúng. Những người theo chủ nghĩa Mác thì đã có lời giải: để robot kiểm soát phương tiện sản xuất, rồi phân chia chiến lợi phẩm cho cho mọi người hưởng theo nhu cầu của họ. Nền dân chủ cấp tiến cũng sẽ có cơ hội nếu lãnh đạo của họ nhìn nhận vấn đề một cách nghiêm túc, tìm cách làm cho chủ nghĩa tư bản thích ứng với một thế giới mà trong đó việc sản xuất hàng hóa tách biệt với công việc (lao động). Điều đó có nghĩa kìm chế sức mạnh của tài phiệt, tái suy nghĩ khái niệm thế nào là một tập đoàn, và chấp nhận một mức độ bình đẳng nào đó về phân phối hàng hóa và dịch vụ.

Drum ghi nhận hai thử thách lớn nhất của thế kỷ 21 là nạn thất nghiệp lớn do AI mang lại, và thay đổi khí hậu do nhu cầu năng lượng. Với kỹ thuật tân tiến hiện nay, gió và năng lượng mặt trời là lời giải cho năng lượng sạch. Nhưng cần phải sản xuất ở tầm lớn. Robot rẻ và khôn, tức có AI, sẽ là lời giải. Chủ nghĩa bộ lạc không còn quan trọng nữa. Ai quan tâm đến bản sắc nếu công việc đều do máy móc làm ra? Dân chủ cấp tiến sẽ còn hiện hữu nếu nó biết cách giải quyết nạn thất nghiệp lớn so với các hình thức chính quyền khác. Tôn giáo cũng sẽ gặp nhiều khó khăn với thế giới đầy máy móc như thế. Lịch sử chứng minh sự đói kém về kinh tế ở tầm lớn đem lại ít hơn những cải tổ tiến bộ sâu sắc so với các cuộc cách mạng và chiến tranh bạo động. Drum cho rằng điều quan trọng là phải hiểu và nghĩ đến cách đối phó tốt nhất đối với những gì sẽ xảy ra trong thời gian tới.

Thế giới hâm nóng (warming world)

Thế giới hâm nóng nhìn nhận thay đổi khí hậu và hợp tác toàn cầu quyết định tất cả.

Nền dân chủ toàn cầu đang xuống dốc, sự phục hồi kinh tế không làm cho lương bổng người dân Tây phương tăng lên đáng kể, và sự trổi dậy của Trung Quốc đe doạ quyền lực của Hoa Kỳ, có nguy cơ đưa đến cuộc chiến tranh khủng khiếp. Tuy thế, đối với Joshua Busby, không có đe doạ nào trong thế kỷ 21 có thể so sánh bằng hâm nóng địa đầu [8]. Tác động của khí hậu trái đất đòi hỏi sự chú tâm và nguồn lực, và sẽ có ảnh hưởng lớn lao lên nền kinh tế toàn cầu và quan hệ quốc tế hơn bất cứ một trọng lực nào khác trên thế giới hiện nay.

Hiện tại độ nóng bề mặt trái đất là trên 1.2 độ Celsius so với trước thời Cách mạng Công nghệ. Giới khoa học gia đồng thuận với nhau rằng nhiệt độ gia tăng cao nhất để tránh thay đổi khí hậu là 2 độ C. Sẽ không có khác biệt bao nhiêu giữa gia tăng 2 độ C so với 3 hay 4 độ. Khi khí hậu gia tăng, sự phân tán hiện tượng khí hậu sẽ chuyển đổi. Các trận lụt mà trước đây 100 năm xảy ra bây giờ sẽ xảy ra 50 hay 20 năm. Các trận mưa vũ bão như tại Hawaii đầu năm nay với 50 inches trong vòng 24 tiếng đồng hồ có thể diễn ra thường xuyên hơn. Các kiểu thời tiết mới này sẽ gây ra các xáo trộn xã hội và chính trị, đưa đến các ảnh hưởng lên địa chính trị. Mực nước biển dâng, các vùng đất trồng trột chết, các trận bão và lụt khổng lồ sẽ làm cho một số quốc gia không thể sống được nữa. Những thay đổi này sẽ thử nghiệm hệ thống quốc tế hiện nay những cách thức mới và khó tiên đoán.

Theo Busby, các đe doạ mang tính lịch sử toàn cầu đòi hỏi mức độ hợp tác mang tính lịch sử toàn cầu. Nếu nhân loại đối diện thành công với vấn đề này, đó là vì lãnh đạo biết pha trộn trật tự toàn cầu với ý thức về mục đích chung và ghi nhận sự thay đổi sâu sắc về vấn đề phân chia quyền lực. Trung Quốc và Hoa Kỳ phải làm việc chặt chẽ với nhau và với các tác nhân khác, các chính quyền trực thuộc các quốc gia, cũng như các công ty và các tổ chức phi chính phủ.

Trong 17 năm được ghi nhận có bằng chứng nóng nhất thì 16 năm là từ năm 2001 đến nay. Nhiều kiểu mẫu khí hậu rất lạ diễn ra khắp nơi, các khoa học gia nhận định có cái liên quan đến thay đổi khí hậu, có cái không rõ lắm. Mùa thay đổi. Hạn hán xảy ra khi các nhà khí tượng học trông đợi mưa. Thiếu mưa đưa đến nguy cơ cháy rừng, như đã thấy tại tiểu bang California năm ngoái (lẫn năm nay). Khi mưa, nó mưa ào ạt cùng lúc, như đã thấy ở Houston qua trận cuồng phong Harvey. Khi mực nước biển gia tăng và bão gia tăng mạnh mẽ hơn, các biến cố mà từng được xem là mực nước cao bình thường sẽ gây lụt cho các hạ tầng cơ sở ven biển, như đã xảy ra ở Miami trong những năm gần đây. Điều đó đưa đến nhu cầu gắn các hệ thống thiết bị bơm nước mưa với trị giá hàng trăm triệu đô la.

Đến giữa thế kỷ này, mực nước biển gia tăng cao đến độ nó có thể phá hoại vùng đất nông nghiệp và nước uống ở nhiều quốc gia hải đảo thấp so với mặt nước biển, làm cho những nơi đó không thể sống được lâu nữa trước khi nó bị ngập dưới nước. Các biến chuyển này sẽ thay đổi nền chính trị toàn cầu một cách sâu sắc. Các quốc gia như Trung Quốc và Hoa Kỳ có dân số lớn và hạ tầng cơ sở giá trị nhưng dễ bị nguy hại đối với thay đổi khí hậu. Các chính quyền này sẽ phải sử dụng đến các phương tiện quân sự để cứu người và tái xây dựng các thị trấn và thành phố bị tàn phá. Trong năm 2017, ba trận bão lớn đánh phá Hoa Kỳ liên tiếp, và các cơ quan dân vệ phòng chống thiên tai phải cần được hậu thuẫn của quân đội để ngăn ngừa tổn thất nhân mạng tầm lớn. Hàng chục ngàn vệ binh quốc gia đã được điều động để cứu người, cung cấp về tiếp tế, tái thiết các dịch vụ căn bản và pháp luật. Tổng phí đối với các cơn bão này và các trường hợp cấp cứu khác liên quan đến thiên tai trong năm 2017 thôi đã lên đến 300 tỷ đô la.

Trung Quốc cũng có các vấn đề riêng của nó. Dọc ven biển phía nam, những thành phố như Quảng Châu và Thượng Hải, dễ bị lụt lội. Ở phía bắc, trung tâm công nghiệp của quốc gia, các vùng này thường bị thiếu nước, ảnh hưởng đến 500 triệu người. Trong 25 năm qua, 28 ngàn con sông tại Trung Quốc đã biến mất. Giải quyết vấn nạn lớn như thế không rẻ. Một dự án chuyển nước từ nam lên bắc tốn ít nhất 48 tỷ đô la, và mặc dầu chưa hoàn tất, Trung Quốc cho rằng họ đã cải thiện được an ninh nước và 50 triệu người được hưởng lợi. Đối với những nơi bị lũ lụt, Trung Quốc đang nghiên cứu các thành phố hút nước nơi có thể gia tăng thoát nước tự nhiên.

Hoa Kỳ và Trung Quốc là hai quốc gia giàu có nên có thể chịu đựng tốn kém đối với các thiên tai này. Những quốc gia khác thì vất vả hơn, tổn thất về nhân mạng và vật chất nhiều hơn so với khả năng họ có thể gánh chịu. Từng cơn bão tuy gây thiệt hại đáng kể nhưng người ta có thể vực lại được. Còn thay đổi khí hậu thì nó gây thiệt hại lâu dài hơn. Trong khi một số quốc gia thì tràn đầy nước, những nước khác thì lại thiếu nước trầm trọng. Năm 2011 Somalia sau bao nhiêu thập niên chiến tranh lại hứng chịu hạn hán và tiếp theo nạn đói đưa đến 260 ngàn tử vong. Thay đổi khí hậu, qua gia tăng nhiệt độ và chuyển đổi kiểu mưa, làm cho nhiều vùng không đủ mưa hoặc mưa bất thường, ảnh hưởng đến mùa màn và lượng nước cần thiết cho nhu cầu con người. Đối với một số quốc gia, khi hiệu năng nông nghiệp bị giảm sút và các nguy cơ khí hậu khác sẽ làm cho người dân từ nông thôn chuyển đến thành thị hay sang qua biên giới quốc gia khác. Điều này sẽ ảnh hưởng sâu sắc lên nền chính trị khắp nơi. Thay đổi khí hậu sẽ trắc nghiệm các hệ thống phản ứng hiện nay về nhân đạo và thiên tai, cái đang gặp nhiều thách thức quá sức đối với các xung đột hình như không chấm dứt tại Somalia, South Sudan, Syria và Yemen.

Thay đổi khí hậu sẽ làm cho quan hệ quốc tế càng thêm căng thẳng. Sông Mekong là một thí dụ. Trong sáu quốc gia sử dụng chung con sông này, Ủy hội Sông Mekong được thành lập để giải quyết các tranh chấp nhưng Trung Quốc không muốn trở thành một thành viên dù là quốc gia lớn nhất và xây các đập ảnh hưởng nặng nề nhất ở thượng nguồn đối với các quốc gia ở hạ nguồn. Sự tranh chấp về lượng chảy của con sông này trở nên tệ hơn khi mà hạn hán trong vùng trở nên thường xuyên hơn. Khi hạn hán xảy ra ảnh hưởng đến mùa màng, giá cả lúa mì hay ẩm thực có nguy cơ gia tăng toàn cầu. Tại Ai Cập, khi nạn lạm phát giá cả ẩm thực hàng năm tăng lên 19 phần trăm năm 2011, nó giúp gia tăng các cuộc biểu tình lật đổ tổng thống Hosni Mubarak.

Để đáp ứng với các điều kiện khí hậu thay đổi, chính phủ có thể ban hành vô số các chính sách có khả năng gây tranh cãi. Cấm không cho xuất cảng các nguyên liệu qúy, mua đất ở nước ngoài, bắt sử dụng nhiên liệu sinh học, làm luật bảo vệ rừng, và hàng ngàn sự chọn lựa khác sẽ tạo ra kẻ thắng người thua và gia tăng sự căng thẳng trong nội địa và quốc tế. Thay đổi khí hậu sẽ bao gồm chuỗi vấn đề khác nhau, từ vận chuyển, năng lượng, xây cất, nông nghiệp, và bao địa hạt khác, và các ảnh hưởng tổng hợp của nó lên thành phố, sản xuất ẩm thực, và cung cấp nước uống sẽ là những thử thách khủng khiếp cho địa cầu này. Busby cho rằng với vấn đề ở tầm lớn như thế này, nó cần sự phối hợp và hợp tác giữa Hoa Kỳ và Trung Quốc để cùng nhau giải quyết. Còn nếu cạnh tranh chống đối nhau toàn diện thì tất cả đều bị thiệt hại. Sự hợp tác giữa các thỏa thuận quốc tế, mạng lưới tổ chức và những người dốc tâm tìm ra các giải pháp cụ thể là một cơ hội tốt nhất để tránh một thiên tai thay đổi khí hậu khủng khiếp đối với nhân loại.

Vài kết luận

Sáu quan điểm nêu trên chỉ là tiêu biểu, không phải là tất cả. Bên trong mỗi trường phái của các nhãn quan này đều có những nhận định và kết luận khác nhau, một cách sâu sắc. Ngoài sáu quan điểm này còn bao nhiêu lý thuyết và ý thức hệ khác nhau, làm cho thế giới chúng ta đang sống vừa thật sự đa nguyên vừa vô cùng phức tạp.

Càng phức tạp hơn cho những ai muốn đi tìm sự thật. Sự thật nằm ở đâu? Trong sự tổng hợp các quan sát trình bày trên hay, đơn giản và rốt cuộc vẫn là, trong cặp mắt người nhìn?

Francis Fukuyama nhận xét khá tinh tế và sâu sắc về ảnh hưởng của chủ nghĩa bộ lạc đối với nền chính trị thế giới trong bài mới nhất của ông trên Foreign Affairs [9]. Bài này tóm lược các ý chính trong cuốn sách mới nhất của ông sắp được phát hành. Fukuyama kết luận: con người sẽ không bao giờ ngừng suy nghĩ về chính họ và xã hội của họ về mặt bản sắc; nhưng bản sắc của con người không phải là cứng ngắt mà cũng không phải được cấu tạo lúc sinh thành; bản sắc có thể được sử dụng để chia rẽ mà cũng có thể để đoàn kết; sau cùng nó có thể là phương thuốc cho nền chính trị dân túy của thời hiện tại.

Khi chủ nghĩa bộ lạc vẫn còn hiện hữu, thể hiện qua chính trị về bản sắc, như Chua và Fukuyama phân tích, thì chính trị quyền lực cũng sẽ còn đó, không đi đâu cả. Như thế, về mặt chính trị và bang giao quốc tế, quyền lực và quyền lợi sẽ luôn đóng vai trò quan trọng, như Kotkin và những nhà hiện thực nhận định. Chỉ khi nào con người trở nên thánh thiện, tôn trọng và đối xử nhau một cách nhân ái, tương kính và không phân biệt, và không sử dụng bạo lực với nhau, thì quan hệ giữa con người và trên bình diện quốc tế mới thay đổi sâu sắc. Những tranh chấp về chủng tộc, tôn giáo, văn minh, phái tính, hay ý thức hệ v.v… sẽ còn với con người một thời gian dài. Do đó trong hiện tại, có lẽ chỉ có chủ nghĩa cấp tiến và nền dân chủ cấp tiến mới có khả năng giải quyết được các bài toán nhức nhối của con người, như Deudney and Ikenberry biện luận. Nền tảng tư tưởng/lý thuyết của chủ nghĩa cấp tiến là mọi người phải được đối xử bình đẳng, phải có quyền tự do cá nhân, nhân phẩm/quyền không bị chà đạp vì phái tính hay vì thuộc một nhóm xã hội nào đó (particular social group) v.v… Nhưng chủ nghĩa cấp tiến chỉ có thể là giải pháp lâu dài và vững ổn nếu các nhà lãnh đạo chính trị trong các thập niên tới có thể hoạch định những chính sách vừa phát huy tối đa hiệu năng của cuộc cách mạng công nghệ tới, vừa tái phân phối hàng hóa và dịch vụ một cách tối ưu (optimal) cho toàn xã hội, đồng thời cũng phải quan tâm đúng mức đến chính sách nhân dụng, như Drum đã biện luận. Còn không thì Mác sẽ “hiện hồn” về, chờn vờn ám ảnh và báo động những xung đột lúc ngấm ngầm lúc bùng nổ trong nền kinh tế tư bản cực đoan khi một thiểu số nắm mọi quyền lực vật chất trong tay, và đa số thì vất vả không ngừng, như Varghese trình bày. Sau cùng, khi thế giới bị hâm nóng một cách vô trách nhiệm thì môi trường sống sẽ bị ảnh hưởng sâu sắc, như Busby đã nhắc nhở. Khi di dân/tị nạn - là nạn nhân của tranh chấp chính trị qua chủ nghĩa bộ lạc, hay là nạn nhân của thiên tai/môi trường sống - phải tìm cách lánh nạn ở tầm lớn, nhưng thế giới, nhất là các quốc gia dân chủ và phát triển, lại quảnh mặt làm ngơ, thì tuyên ngôn quốc tế nhân quyền chẳng còn giá trị gì cả ngoại trừ trên giấy tờ. Đó có thể là mốc điểm của sự suy thoái toàn diện của nền văn minh toàn cầu.

Những vấn đề này có liên hệ gì đến mỗi chúng ta? Có nhiều lắm chứ! Mỗi chúng ta, không phân biệt, bằng suy nghĩ và hành động thực tiễn, có thể góp phần làm cho chính mình, gia đình, xã hội, đất nước và thế giới, tốt hơn. Không cần làm những gì quá lớn, ngoài tầm tay. Nền văn minh nhân loại sẽ bị huỷ hoại nếu chúng ta chỉ biết sống cho chính mình và chỉ biết quan tâm trong cuộc đời mình mà không nghĩ đến người khác và các thế hệ về sau. Cho nên chỉ cần bắt đầu bằng sự tử tế, liêm chính và tinh thần trách nhiệm, thì một ngày nào đó những tinh thần và giá trị này sẽ loan tỏa sâu rộng và truyền lại cho các thế hệ mai sau. Cuối cùng chúng ta có quyền lạc quan nhưng không thể tự mãn khi các thách thức của nhân loại vô cùng lớn lao trong khi số người quan tâm và đóng góp vẫn còn là thiểu số.

(Úc châu, 07/09/2018)

Phạm Phú Khải
Bạn đọc làm báo | VOA
Tài liệu tham khảo:

1. TT Barrack Obama, “Remarks by the President at the White House Summit on Global Development”, The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, 20/07/2016.

2. Foreign Affairs, “Which world are we living in?”, Volume 97, Number 4, July/August 2018; pages 10-55. Vì các bài viết này rất hay và sâu sắc, thay vì tóm lược vài ý chính để toàn bài ngắn gọn hơn, tôi quyết định viết ngắn gọn nhưng vẫn cố duy trì lập luận chính của tác giả này. Mục đích là để cho độc giả không chỉ biết họ biện luận gì mà còn biện luận ra sao khi họ tìm cách thuyết phục hay bảo vệ quan điểm của mình. Độc giả cũng có thể tìm đọc các nguyên tác này nếu có điều kiện.

3. Stephen Kotkin, “Realist World”, Foreign Affairs, Volume 97, Number 4, July/August 2018; pages 10-15.

4. Daniel Deudney and G. John Ikenberry, “Liberal World”, Foreign Affairs, Volume 97, Number 4, July/August 2018; pages 16-24.

5. Amy Chua, “Tribal World”, Foreign Affairs, Volume 97, Number 4, July/August 2018; pages 25-33.

6. Robin Varghese, “Marxist World”, Foreign Affairs, Volume 97, Number 4, July/August 2018; pages 34-42.

7. Kevin Drum, “Tech World”, Foreign Affairs, Volume 97, Number 4, July/August 2018; pages 43-48.

8. Joshua Busby, “Warming World”, Foreign Affairs, Volume 97, Number 4, July/August 2018; pages 49-55.


9. Francis Fukuyama, “Against Identity Politics”, Volume 97, Number 5, September/October 2018; pages 90-114. Hoặc tìm mua sách “Bản sắc: Nhu cầu về Phẩm giá và Chính trị của Oán giận” (Identity: The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment), Profile Books, October 2018.

          Re: gambia      Cache   Translate Page      
Agree with you regarding Gambia,you should also include other Islamic countries in Africa such as Senegal,Mali,Mauritania,Sudan. These are places to be avoided at all costs,they are extremely intolerant of gays,and risk your life,just for a few minutes of fun. No amount of money or any other incentive would ever lure me to visit such barbaric countries.
          Re: How many times you had sex in one day ?      Cache   Translate Page      
My friend Evita, well known activist of sexual liberation, tells me that in one night she was fucked by 20 University students from Egypt and Sudan. She was in a sea-side hotel on vacation when the group came to stay for the night . The following day they would travel by air to their countries. She met them in the bar of the hotel. They became friends. They consumed together some bottles of alcoholic drinks and they swimmed in the pool. After that she went to her room, where she was accepting them in her bed one by one. Before 9 a.m.next morning all 20 students had fucked her.
          Epub Download Mansa Musa and the Empire of Mali For Android      Cache   Translate Page      

Epub Download Epub Download Mansa Musa and the Empire of Mali For Android For Iphone Download now : http://bit.ly/2CPUD2Z Oliver s well-researched biography of Mansa Musa reads like an exotic tale of gold, glory, and adventure. During his long reign as Mali s emperor, Mansa Musa led his empire into its Golden Age; presided over a spectacular, 60,000 person, 9,000 mile pilgrimage; founded a university in Timbuktu; and helped revolutionize architecture across the Sudan. Oliver does not allow Musa s story to get bogged down in detail by seamlessly weaving a lot of history into his narrative and by supplying curious readers with an extensive Glossary. Many of the African ancestors of today s African-Americans came from West Africa. From 700 -- 1600 A. D., one after the other, three great, black, commercial empires dominated West Africa. They were powerful, prosperous, complex, stable -- and large. At its height, the Empire of Mali was the size of all of Western Europe. Well-crafted and fast paced, Oliver s book is enhanced by a liberal sprinkling of enjoyable drawings, clear and helpful maps, and interesting photos. Not only are Mansa Musa s triumphs and dilemmas clearly portrayed, but so are the lives of the people of medieval Mali. by P. James Oliver
          Bobi Wine: S. Sudanese Youths Should Never Give Up      Cache   Translate Page      
Robert Kyagulanyi, the Ugandan musician-turned-opposition lawmaker, has some advice for the youth in neighboring South Sudan.  “I have so many friends and fans in South Sudan, and I know that South Sudan is a country that has so much potential,” said Kyagulanyi. “But I also know that that potential is not going to lift itself until the people of South Sudan, especially the young people, rise up.” Kyagulanyi, known popularly by his stage name, Bobi Wine, is in the United States for medical treatment. He told VOA’s Straight Talk Africa that he was brutally tortured by Uganda’s Special Forces Command, a section of the Uganda People's Defense Forces. The Ugandan government denies the allegation. Mull Sebujja Katende, Uganda's ambassador to the United States who appeared on the same program, said the assertion was being investigated and that his country does not condone torture.  Time in Washington  Kyagulanyi took questions from VOA’s South Sudan in Focus on Wednesday following the live appearance on Straight Talk Africa.  He sought to give encouragement to South Sudan’s youth, who according to Paris-based peace organization UNESCO make up an estimated 70 percent of the country’s population. “The South Sudanese young people should never give up,” Kyagulanyi said. “They should know that they are lucky to have a country so beautiful and so endowed with fertility, good climate and natural resources like South Sudan. But it will not develop itself.” South Sudan has been mired in conflict since December 2013, when fighting broke out in the capital, Juba.  The country has almost 2.5 million refugees in the region, including over 1 million in neighboring Uganda, the largest host of South Sudanese refugees. A peace deal was signed by the warring parties in Addis Ababa on Wednesday. Conflict and social media Since the onset of violence five years ago, many South Sudanese have been accused of using social media to expand hate speech, division and tribalism.  PeaceTech Lab, which uses technology to reduce conflict, published a lexicon of inflammatory words and terms in 2017 used by South Sudanese online.  A survey it conducted found that 49 percent of all offensive and inflammatory terms that survey respondents provided appeared on the social media site Facebook. Kyagulanyi acknowledged that there are negative aspects of social media but said they can also be used to help improve lives. “In Uganda, social media has been responsible for creating jobs for technological advances for communication,” he said.  Kyagulanyi said his generation is the first to have immediate access to social media, which have helped communities stay connected.  “Indeed, it has never been there when we are so informed, where so many, not all of us, are very educated. But I know that we have the opportunity like social media and all the likes, we are so connected. So, there is no reason that we don’t constantly learn from each other,” said Kyagulanyi.
          Planet Sudan - 360° Timelapse      Cache   Translate Page      

An amazing 360° trip though the surpisingly undiscovered African gem Sudan in less than 3 minutes.
See the amazing pyramids of Meroe and Karima. Drive through otherworldly desert sceneries. Take a boat ride with dolphins to the stunning lighthouse of Sanganeb. Enjoy the breathtaking views in Kassala. Discover the busy cites Port Sudan and Khartum.

Many thanks to Ludia & Frank Grafenstein for inviting me to this trip.

A film by Joerg Daiber.
WATCH FULL SCREEN!

Facebook: facebook.com/MiniatureFilms
Twitter: twitter.com/spoonfilm
YouTube: youtube.com/littlebigworld
Web: spoonfilm.com

You can license raw footage clips from the Little Big World series here: gettyimages.de/video/spoonfilm?phrase=spoonfilm&excludenudity=true&sort=best#license

Music: Carnival Overture by Antonín Dvořák

Shot with Garmin Virb. Postproduction with Adobe Creative Production Suite.

Cast: Joerg Daiber

Tags: time lapse, Tiny Planet, Tiny planet, 360°, Little Big World, VR, 360 video, video, camera trick, travel, Toy, epic, small planet, fun, cool, amazing, awesome, Tilt shift, Fake miniature and film


          20 Die As Hill Collapses On Darfur Village      Cache   Translate Page      

20 Die As Hill Collapses On Darfur Village At least 20 people have been killed in Sudan’s war-torn Darfur region after a hill collapsed onto their village following heavy rain, a rebel group said Wednesday. Several people are still feared to be buried after rocks crashed down onto their houses in the mountainous Jebel Marra […]

The post 20 Die As Hill Collapses On Darfur Village appeared first on 360Nobs.com.


          Sudan'da toprak kayması      Cache   Translate Page      
- Güney Darfur eyaletinde geçen cuma toprak kayması yaşanan bölgede 19 kişinin cesedine ulaşıldı
          Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      
Muhalifler ve hükümet, Etiyopya’da düzenlenen IGAD toplantısında savaşı bitiren anlaşmaya imza attı.
          Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      
- Muhalifler ve hükümet, Etiyopya’da düzenlenen IGAD toplantısında savaşı bitiren anlaşmaya imza attı
          Sudan'da Türk heyetine yoğun ilgi      Cache   Translate Page      
Tarım ve Orman Bakanı Bekir Pakdemirli, "Türkiye ile Sudan arasındaki tarım ve hayvancılığa dayalı iş birliğinin hayata geçirilmesinde önemli mesafeler kat ettik." dedi.
          World: Food Assistance Outlook Brief, September 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MARCH 2019

This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion. Analytical confidence is lower in remote monitoring countries, denoted by “RM.” Visit www.fews.net for detailed country reports.


          World: Global Weather Hazards Summary: September 14 - 20, 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Panama, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, World, Yemen

Flood risk remains high over parts of Nigeria, as heavy rainfall is expected to continue

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Heavy rainfall caused flooding in western and southern Nigeria. The forecast rain during the next week increases the risks for flooding over the region.

  2. Torrential rain has increased the level of the Atbara and Dindir Rivers. Additional rainfall over the region is likely to further raise water levels, including the Nile River and its tributaries.

  3. Irregular rainfall since June has resulted in deteriorated ground conditions across parts of western Uganda, northeastern DRC, and southern South Sudan.

  4. Despite an overall improvement in rainfall over the past four weeks, deficits remain over portions of southwestern Ethiopia and eastern South Sudan.


          Niger: Niger: Country Operation Update, August 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Algeria, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan

KEY INDICATORS

1,536 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – August 2018
2,094 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
32,183 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi region .

Operational Context The key situations include:

1. The Mali situation: began in 2012 with the outbreak of conflict in northern Mali. The regions of Tillaberi and Tahoua bordering Mali and hosting the majority of the refugees are increasingly affected by insecurity and terrorism. A State of Emergency was declared last year, and extended this year. There are currently 58,304 Malian refugees in Niger. UNHCR supports the socioeconomic integration of these refugees and the closure of the camps by the end of 2019 through urbanization and other programmes aimed at integration.

2. The Nigeria situation: began in 2013, with the arrival of the first Nigerian refugees across the border fleeing Boko Haram. The situation deteriorated with the first attacks in Niger territory in 2015. There are over 250,000 displaced persons in the region. The majority live in spontaneous sites or with the local population, while UNHCR manages one refugee camp, with 14,130 people.
An EU Trust Fund project is ongoing in Diffa region, aimed at supporting economic recovery and long term solutions through the construction of durable housing.

3. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): The displaced population in the Diffa region is extremely mixed, including refugees, IDPs and returnees. Efforts are underway to complete biometric registration of all displaced persons, including IDPs, who often face similar protection risks as refugees. However, the IDP situation in Niger has become more complex with increasing insecurity in the regions of Tillaberi and Tahoua, bordering Mali. In 2018, attacks and insecurity in the area have resulted in the internal displacement of at least 32,183 people (with a huge increase in Abala department this month). Protection monitoring, advocacy, capacity building and coordinated efforts with humanitarian actors are ongoing to ensure an adequate response to the situation.

4. Mixed Migration: Niger is a major crossroads of migratory movements northwards towards Libya,
Algeria and the Mediterranean. These migratory flows constitute mixed migration, including economic migrants as well as persons in need of international protection. In Agadez, UNHCR works to identify asylum seekers within the migratory flows and works with the government, as well as IOM and NGOs to provide these persons with information and assistance. 2,091 persons, mostly Sudanese, are currently profiled by UNHCR in Agadez. 25% are minors and 222 are unaccompanied or separated children. The situation has become more complex, with the addition of downward movements from Libya and Algeria. A new humanitarian centre is being built to accommodate and screen those seeking protection.

5. Emergency Transit Mechanism (ETM): This unique programme aims to provide life-saving protection, assistance and long-term solutions to extremely vulnerable refugees trapped in detention in Libya, through temporary evacuation to Niger. The aim is to deliver protection and identify durable solutions, including resettlement for these refugees, who are mainly Eritrean and Somalian. Their profiles mainly include survivors of torture or other forms of violence in the country of origin and/or transit countries (e.g. Libya) and others with compelling protection needs. Many of them are unaccompanied children (216) and women and girls at risk. To date, 1,536 people have been evacuated from Libya to Niger and a total of 399 individuals have departed for resettlement from Niger to France, the Netherlands, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland. Other countries offering resettlement places are Belgium, Canada, Germany, Norway the UK, and the USA.


          South Sudan’s President, Rebel Leader Sign Peace Deal      Cache   Translate Page      

LEADERSHIP

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and rebel leader, Riek Machar signed a peace agreement on Wednesday in the margins of a regional summit in Ethiopia. South Sudan plunged into warfare two years after gaining independence from Sudan in 2011 when a political dispute between Kiir and Machar exploded into military confrontation. A previous peace deal […]

The post South Sudan’s President, Rebel Leader Sign Peace Deal appeared first on Leadership Newspaper.


          Remembering Tsehaytu Beraki 'Queen of Eritrea Guyla' The Last Intimate Interview! [Video]      Cache   Translate Page      



Remembering Tsehaytu Beraki 'Queen of Eritrea Guyla' The Last Intimate Interview!

By QieNit

Remembering Tsehaytu Beraki Queen of Eritrean Guyla - The Last Intimate Interview! On the occasion of the feast of Saint John QieNit brings to you the last intimate interview Tsehaytu Beraki recorded with the media before she passed away. In this episode she sits down with QieNit's presenter Yared Tesfay for conversation essential enough for posterity.

TsehaytuBeraki is an absolutely legendary singer from Eritrea. Born in 1939 in Quatit, a small village, she soon picked up the Krar (5-string harp) and after moving to the capital Asmara she became a famous singer.. Her courage and inspiration still mean a lot to all Eritreans - The songs are as authentic as possible, to western ears it is largely unknown music.

Right from the get go Tsehaytu tells it as it is, presenter Yared starts off with a bit of banter to break the ice and get the ball rolling, being the perfect Asmarino Tsehaytu responds back in kind. Quickly though she uses the opportunity to delve into her roots highlighting the non-bourgeois upbringing born to an agriculturalist family making the distinction between traditional and effects of cultural invasions in our daily life.

Speaking of her musical background she wows the presenter himself as she explains how she started music at the age of just 6 picking up one of the 3 Kirars her aunt brought from Port Sudan, amongst the Kirars was also the hand made one which Ato Ateweberhan Segid used.

Read More: www.qienit.com/remembering-tsehaytu-beraki-queen-of-eritrea-guyla-the-last-intimate-interview/



          60 bin kişi sudan zehirlendi      Cache   Translate Page      
Irak İnsan Hakları Komiserliği Basra Ofisi, 60 bin kişinin sağlıksız içme suyundan zehirlenerek hastanelere kaldırıldığını açıkladı. 
          Anı Tur Likya Karya Turu Fiyaskoydu!      Cache   Translate Page      
Rehberimizin günaydınlar biz 6 kişi 01.09.2018 08.09.2018 tarihlerinde Likya karya turuna katıldık. Bundan önce yaptığım bütün uzun turlar Anı Tur ile idi. Ama bu sefer rezalet bir gezi idi. Otobüste sudan başka ikram yapılmadı. Isıtıcıda sorun varmış 8 günlük gezide ısıtıcı bozuk. Çok komik. İlk ka
          Feds move to shield identities of spies set to testify in Abdelrazik case      Cache   Translate Page      

OTTAWA – Canada’s spy agency wants to shield the identities of five current and former employees from the public when they testify in the lawsuit of a Montreal man who was detained in Sudan — prompting vehement objections from the man’s lawyer. In newly filed court documents, federal lawyers say the Canadian Security Intelligence Service […]

The post Feds move to shield identities of spies set to testify in Abdelrazik case appeared first on 680 NEWS.


          Comment on Ae Dil Hai Mushkil (2016): MP3 Songs by RAGHAV SUDAN      Cache   Translate Page      
awesome songs love ae dil hai mushkil love all
          Rivalen Zuid-Sudan sluiten akkoord en schudden de hand      Cache   Translate Page      

De president van Zuid-Sudan Salva Kiir heeft opnieuw een vredesakkoord getekend met de rebellenleider Riek Machar. Het akkoord moet een eind maken aan de burgeroorlog die al vijf jaar woedt. Honderdduizenden mensen kwamen om door oorlogsgeweld, ziektes en honger. Miljoenen mensen sloegen op de vlucht.

Volgens correspondent Koert Lindijer leek het er gisteravond even op dat de twee kemphanen het goed met elkaar kunnen vinden. "Een paar weken geleden, toen de besprekingen onder leiding van Ethiopië begonnen, konden de twee elkaar nog niet in de ogen kijken of de hand schudden. Gisteravond leek er chemie tussen de mannen en spraken ze amicaal met elkaar."

Cynisme

President Salva Kiir en zijn vroegere vicepresident Riek Machar zeiden gisteravond dat dit het finale akkoord is. Toch is er nog voldoende reden voor cynisme, aangezien eerdere akkoorden niet werden nageleefd. Het Verenigd Koninkrijk, de VS en Noorwegen, drie landen die hebben gewerkt aan de onafhankelijkheid van Zuid-Sudan in 2011, hebben hun zorgen. Ze vragen zich af hoe groot de bereidheid is om het akkoord daadwerkelijk na te leven.

Aan de andere kant is er volgens Lindijer ook reden voor optimisme. Alle partijen kunnen geld verdienen aan het akkoord. Een belangrijk onderdeel is olie en handel.

Olie uit Zuid-Sudan loopt via een pijpleiding door buurland Sudan naar de haven. De partijen hebben afgesproken dat Zuid-Sudan voor dat transport door Sudan ongeveer 6 dollar per vat gaat betalen. Op die manier profiteert ook Sudan van de Zuid-Sudanese olie-export die nu weer op gang kan komen.

Ook Oeganda heeft belang bij dit akkoord. Dat land wil graag handel drijven met Zuid-Sudan. Lindijer: "Kortom, Oeganda en Sudan hebben dit akkoord erdoor gedrukt."

Vredestrein

Volgens Koert Lindijer is er nog een reden om positief te zijn over dit akkoord: "Er rijdt een soort vredestrein door de Hoorn van Afrika en de machinist is Ethiopië."

In april werd in Ethiopië de progressieve Abiy Ahmed verkozen tot president. Hij deed toezeggingen aan Eritrea in het grensconflict en haalde de banden aan met het buurland. Eerder deze week kondigden Eritrea en Ethiopië aan dat ze hun troepen zullen terugtrekken van hun grenzen.

Daarnaast zijn er ook vredesinitiatieven tussen Eritrea en Somalië en tussen Eritrea en Djibouti.


          Troika say change is needed in South Sudan peace implementation      Cache   Translate Page      
September 12, 2018 (JUBA) – The IGAD countries Wednesday welcomed the signing of the revitalized peace agreement in South Sudan but reiterated their demand for a significant change from the parties in its implementation on the ground before to support it. The United Kingdom, United States, and Norway, immediately after the signing of the pact […]
          South Sudan rivals finally sign revitalized peace agreement.      Cache   Translate Page      
September 2, 2018 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudanese parties have finally signed the revitalized peace agreement ending a five year-conflict that devastated the new nations and dashed all the hope and support that generated by the independence of the east African nation. The final text was signed by all the parties including President Salva Kiir, […]
          Sudanese military court sentences senior security officer to 7 years in jail      Cache   Translate Page      
September 12, 2018 (KHARTOUM) – The State Security Court on Wednesday has sentenced the former Head of Political Security Department at the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) Abdel-Ghaffar al-Shareef, to seven years in prison. The court convicted al-Shareef under Article 59 of the 2010 National Security Act pertaining to “misuse of powers and exploitation […]
          REFILE-UPDATE 2-South Sudan’s president, rebel leader sign peace deal      Cache   Translate Page      
(Adds quote, details) ADDIS ABABA, Sept 12 (Reuters) – South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed a peace agreement on Wednesday in the margins of a regional summit in Ethiopia. South Sudan plunged into warfare two years after gaining independence from Sudan in 2011 when a political dispute between Kiir and […]
          South Sudan conflicting parties sign final peace deal      Cache   Translate Page      
South Sudanese arch-foes this evening signed a peace agreement, aimed at ending the devastating civil war that has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced millions. President Kiir and opposition groups, including his arch-rival Riek Machar signed the final deal in Ethiopia, under which the main opposition leader is set to return to a […]
          UPDATE 1-South Sudan’s president, rebel leader sign peace deal      Cache   Translate Page      
(Adds quote, details) ADDIS ABABA, Sept 12 (Reuters) – South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed a peace agreement on Wednesday in the margins of a regional summit in Ethiopia. South Sudan plunged into warfare two years after gaining independence from Sudan in 2011 when a political dispute between Kiir and […]
          Interview: Look Outside America for Fresh Insight on American Evangelicals      Cache   Translate Page      

Melani McAlister’s new history aims to capture what the familiar political story leaves out.

Since the 1980s, when the Religious Right helped elevate California governor Ronald Reagan to the presidency, outside observers have typically understood American evangelicalism through the lens of American politics. Melani McAlister, a professor of American studies at George Washington University, wants to tell a broader story by looking outside American borders. Studying American evangelical missionary and humanitarian activity in Egypt, South Africa, Congo, and South Sudan, she says, reveals a movement that has always seen itself as part of a global communion.

In her book, The Kingdom of God Has No Borders, McAlister applies this international lens to the past half-century of American evangelical history. David R. Swartz, associate professor of history at Asbury University and author of Moral Minority: The Evangelical Left in an Age of Conservatism, spoke with McAlister about her research.

What does applying a global lens tell us about American evangelicalism?

It tells us that evangelicalism is politically complicated and racially diverse. Global engagement sometimes pushes American evangelicals in conservative directions and sometimes in liberal directions, but it definitely makes the political ground they occupy much more complex than we often acknowledge.

How have encounters in the Majority World made American evangelicals more liberal in some ways and more conservative in others?

American evangelicals have often given donations to charity. That’s not new. But as they encountered economic insecurity, political instability, health crises, and refugee situations, they began to realize that global poverty couldn’t be solved through charity alone. In 2005 American and European evangelicals prayed outside the G8 ...

Continue reading...


          Türkiye Sudan'da tarım yapacak      Cache   Translate Page      

Tarım ve Orman Bakanı Bekir Pakdemirli, "Çin, İngiltere, ABD, Fransa, birçok ülke kendi ülkeleri dışında tarım yapıyorlar. Çünkü gıda arz güvenliği önümüzdeki yıllarda çok daha önemli olacak. Yani sadece topraklarımıza bağlı kalan bir iş yapmanız doğru değil" dedi.


          13.09.2018 – Langsam gesprochene Nachrichten      Cache   Translate Page      
Trainiere dein Hörverstehen mit den Nachrichten der Deutschen Welle von Donnerstag – als Text und als verständlich gesprochene Audio-Datei.Seehofer will Verfassungsschutzchef Maaßen im Amt belassen Bundesinnenminister Horst Seehofer hält im Streit um die Interpretation der Ereignisse in Chemnitz an Verfassungsschutzchef Hans-Georg Maaßen fest. Seehofer sagte nach einer Sitzung des Innenausschusses des Bundestages, er sehe keinen Anlass für "personelle Konsequenzen". Maaßen habe sein Bedauern bekundet, dass seine Aussagen in der Öffentlichkeit anders aufgefasst worden seien als beabsichtigt. Er begrüße dieses Bedauern, sagte Seehofer. Maaßen war wegen eines Interviews in die Kritik geraten, in dem er die Authentizität eines Videos in Zweifel zog, das Angriffe auf Ausländer in Chemnitz zeigte. Ex-Präsident El Salvadors wegen Korruption verurteilt Erstmals muss in El Salvador ein ehemaliger Staatschef wegen Korruption ins Gefängnis. Ein Gericht in San Salvador befand Elías Antonio Saca der Veruntreuung und Geldwäsche schuldig und verhängte eine zehnjährige Haftstrafe. Der 53-Jährige hatte im August mit der Staatsanwaltschaft eine Vereinbarung im Strafprozess geschlossen und sich schuldig bekannt. Saca gestand, 301 Millionen US-Dollar aus dem Staatssäckel abgezweigt zu haben. Allein sieben Millionen Dollar hatte er seiner Partei ARENA zukommen lassen. Der Ex-Präsident muss nun 260 Millionen Dollar an den Staat zurückzahlen. Präsident und Rebellenführer unterzeichnen Friedensabkommen für Südsudan Südsudans Präsident Salva Kiir und Rebellenführer Riek Machar haben ein Friedensabkommen unterschrieben. Nach der Unterzeichnung bei einem Regionalgipfel in der äthiopischen Hauptstadt Addis Abeba schüttelten sich die bisherigen Widersacher die Hände. In dem Abkommen sagen beide zu, "auf Versöhnung und dauerhaften Frieden zu dringen". Sie sollen nun binnen drei Monaten eine Regierung der nationalen Einheit bilden, in der Machar wieder einer der Stellvertreter Kiirs wird. Die Konfliktparteien handelten in den vergangenen Jahren mehrere Friedensabkommen aus, die jedoch stets gebrochen wurden. Tschechien peilt Verlegung der Botschaft nach Jerusalem an Tschechien fasst einen Umzug seiner Botschaft in Israel von Tel Aviv nach Jerusalem ins Auge. Das teilte ein Sprecher von Präsident Milos Zeman nach einem Treffen mit wichtigen Mitgliedern der Regierung mit. Demnach soll die Eröffnung eines "Tschechischen Hauses" in Jerusalem im November "der erste Schritt" eines solchen Plans sein. Im Mai hatte Prag bereits ein Honorarkonsulat in Jerusalem eröffnet. Damals hatten die USA gerade ihre Botschaft in Israel von Tel Aviv nach Jerusalem verlegt. Für die Palästinenser war dies ein schwerer Affront, es kam zu blutigen Unruhen. Sturm "Florence" treibt tausende Bewohner der US-Ostküste in die Flucht Der Wirbelsturm "Florence" hat eine Massenflucht im Südosten der USA ausgelöst. Tausende Menschen verließen wegen des näher rückenden Hurrikans ihre Wohnorte. Auf den Straßen bildeten sich lange Staus. Etwa 1,7 Millionen Menschen sind aufgerufen, die Küstenregion zu verlassen. Das Nationale Hurrikan-Zentrum NHC stufte den Wirbelsturm in der Nacht auf Donnerstag auf die Stufe zwei auf der fünfstufigen Hurrikan-Skala herunter. Er bleibe mit Windgeschwindigkeiten von 175 Kilometer pro Stunde aber immer noch lebensbedrohlich.
          20 Die As Hill Collapses On Darfur Village      Cache   Translate Page      

20 Die As Hill Collapses On Darfur Village At least 20 people have been killed in Sudan’s war-torn Darfur region after a hill collapsed onto their village following heavy rain, a rebel group said Wednesday. Several people are still feared to be buried after rocks crashed down onto their houses in the mountainous Jebel Marra […]

The post 20 Die As Hill Collapses On Darfur Village appeared first on 360Nobs.com.


          South Sudan President Signs Peace Deal with Rebel Leader | al Jazeera English (2:35) / Al Jazeera English on YouTube      Cache   Translate Page      
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          Komentar na iPhone Xs Max vs. Galaxy Note9 – koji je bolji?, komentirao/la Gizda      Cache   Translate Page      
Slažem se oko dizajna, da ta leđa nisu mogla ispasti lijepše na Noteu, jesu sigurno, ali opet kada stavim maskicu na jedan i drugi tako mi je svejedno + ona odvratna grba na iPhoneu. Edge zaslon mi je super, a ima zaista dosta ljudi koji ga vole, kao i onih koji ne. Meni je osobno onaj izbornik sa strane sa kontaktima presudan. Raise to wake je jedino što mi od Iphonea fali, sve drugo je ostalo na razini od prije 5 godina, osim jeftinih trikova koji većinom služe ničemu. Kod Samsunga me nervira to što nema više IR i FMa, da to ima Note bi bio potpun.
           Nach jahrelangem Bürgerkrieg: Friedensabkommen im Südsudan unterzeichnen      Cache   Translate Page      
Südsudans Bürgerkriegsparteien haben sich nach monatelangen Verhandlungen auf ein Friedensabkommen geeinigt. Präsident Salva Kiir und Rebellenführer Riek...
                Cache   Translate Page      
Sudan's Ruling Party Sacks Cabinet, Appoints New PM
Xinhua
2018/9/10 11:48:03

The Leadership Office of Sudan's ruling National Congress Party (NCP) on Sunday approved the dissolution of the national unity government and named a new prime minister to tackle the country's growing economic crisis.

The decision came just after the NCP leadership office held a meeting Sunday evening, chaired by Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, to discuss changes to the government and the proposed names for the formation of the new cabinet.

Bakri Hassan Saleh, who had been serving as both prime minister and the first vice president before the shake-up will stay on as the first vice president, while Minister of Irrigation and Electricity Mutaz Mussa has named as national prime minister, Faisal Hassan Ibrahim, NCP's deputy chairman, told reporters after the meeting.

Osman Mohamed Yousif Kibir has been appointed as the second vice-president to replace Hassabo Mohamed Abdul-Rahman, Ibrahim said, adding the "reduction of the federal government from 31 ministries to 21 has also been approved."

The new prime minister will announce the new cabinet on Monday, he added.

Earlier on Sunday, official SUNA news agency reported that al-Bashir expressed intention to dissolve the government and reduce the federal ministries.

"The move is meant to reduce public expenditure and provide efficiency for government performance ... to meet requirements of national tasks," SUNA quoted al-Bashir as saying.

Sudan has been suffering from an economic crisis caused by the scarcity in liquidity and the decline in the exchange rate of its national currency.

           Comentario en ¿Aprobaremos una nueva Constitución Socialista? por Liborio cubano       Cache   Translate Page      
Excelente articulo, con mesura, balance, tono y lenguaje adecuados. No obstante, considero que si bien es importante que el Presidente pueda ser revocado, primero debe ser elegido por el Pueblo, no por el Parlamento. De igual modo no considero necesario gastar balas en la denominación de los cargos Gobernador e Intendente, pues ¿qué hay en un nombre, si la rosa bajo otro nombre tendría igual fragancia? Si creo que los cargos en cuestión deben ser elegidos también por el pueblo y ser revocables cuando dejen de cumplir la función para la cual fueron elegidos. La designación puede llevar a que los dirigentes en tales posiciones se preocupen más de quedar bien con el órgano que los designó que de satisfacer al pueblo (provincia) que representan. Otro aspecto que considero debe incluirse es la obligatoriedad de trabajar. Hay muchos vagos y personas que no producen ni aportan a la Sociedad, son la cantera ideal para la fuerza de trabajo del "mercado subterráneo" que ni está bajo tierra ni se esconde de nadie para garantizar el lucro de muchos que no aportan un chícharo y viven mejor que quienes si sudan la camisa día a día. Por último, respecto al artículo 3, la Patria no lleva adjetivos. Dígase Patria y ya se dijo todo. Socialismo es el sistema político, económico y social que construimos en Cuba, pero mañana puede llamarse Comunismo u otra denominación. ¿Dejaría de ser nuestra Patria? Si ya dejamos claro en el artículo 1 que Cuba es un Estado socialista de derecho, democrático, independiente y soberano, entonces ¿por qué acotar la Defensa de la Patria?
          SEPTEMBER 13, 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
In modern-day Sudan, archaeologists dig through ancient pyramids and burial sites in search of clues about the golden Nubian empire known as Kush that once ruled over all of Egypt. This image is from Black Pharaohs: Empire of Gold.
           Friedensabkommen im Südsudan unterzeichnen       Cache   Translate Page      
Südsudans Bürgerkriegsparteien haben sich nach monatelangen Verhandlungen auf ein Friedensabkommen geeinigt. Präsident Salva Kiir und Rebellenführer Riek Machar unterzeichneten die Vereinbarung am Mittwoch in Äthiopiens Hauptstadt Addis Abeba.
          Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      
Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdiGüney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi
Güney Sudanlı taraflar, aylardır süren yeni barış müzakereleri kapsamında nihai barış anlaşmasını imzaladı

          7 yıllık iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      
7 yıllık iç savaş sona erdi7 yıllık iç savaş sona erdi
Sudan'dan 2011 yılında ayrılarak bağımsızlığını ilan eden Güney Sudan'da o tarihten beri süren iç savaş nihayet sona erdi.

          Somali Government Details IGAD Summit In Addis Ababa      Cache   Translate Page      

IGAD heads of state held their 33rd session in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia on Wednesday to discuss the current situation in the region, mainly the political crisis. Somalia’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ahmed Ismail Awale, said after the meeting that the IGAD leaders discussed the solution to the crisis in South Sudan. Meanwhile, the …

The post Somali Government Details IGAD Summit In Addis Ababa appeared first on Saafi Films Production Somali Films Hindi Af Soomaali Musalsal heeso.


          Güney Sudan'da iç savaş sona erdi      Cache   Translate Page      
Güney Sudan'da iç savaş sona erdi
Güney Sudanlı taraflar, aylardır süren yeni barış müzakereleri kapsamında nihai barış anlaşmasını imzaladı.  Etiyopya'nın başkenti Addis Ababa'da düzenlenen 33. Hükümetler Arası Kalkınma Otoritesi (IGAD)...Devamı için tıklayınız
          Pilot First Officer Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
SCOPE OF THE JOB/POSITION As a pilot flying for R1 Airlines you are responsible for ensuring the safe operation of the aircraft while providing customer...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:58 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Pilot Captain Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
The Pilot Captain Dash 8 is responsible for guiding the flight controls for the safe operation of the Dash 8 aircraft and ensuring the functions of agent...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:57 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Die Erzrivalen des Südsudans ringen sich zu einem Friedensabkommen durch      Cache   Translate Page      
Der südsudanesische Präsident Salva Kiir hat am Mittwoch einen Friedensvertrag mit dem Rebellenführer Riek Machar in der äthiopischen Hauptstadt unterzeichnet. Die Chancen für ein Ende des desaströsen Bürgerkrieges sind aber gering.
          Kenya: Animated Video on Cross-Border Migrant Child Protection      Cache   Translate Page      
Organization: Save the Children
Country: Kenya
Closing date: 20 Sep 2018

Terms of Reference for Animated Video on Cross-Border Migrant Child Protection Mechanisms and Publication of Guidebook in line with Save the Children Branding Guidelines

  1. Background: Cross Border Coordination Mechanisms in East and Southern Africa

The last decade has seen a dramatic increase in the global mobility of people. The global regular migrant stock had reached 258 million by late 2017.1 Migrants from poorer countries, which are often harder to capture in official data, are of particular concern from a development and humanitarian perspective: they are often amongst the most vulnerable populations. Because of the overall rise of movement of people, there is also a marked increase of Children on the Move. This is particularly true for East and Southern Africa: even though children make up roughly 15% of the global international migrant stock, this proportion is dramatically larger in East and Southern Africa with 28.2% of recorded migrants being children.2 In some countries this ratio is even higher, with Ethiopia having 47% migrant children.

In many countries in East and Southern Africa clear child protection legislation is in place, but often it is only implicitly and by extension protecting migrant children, failing to recognize their specific risks.

The comprehensive protection of unaccompanied and separated migrant children (USMC) requires the coordination and cooperation of a large range of stakeholders, often from more than one country. Government departments mandated to protect vulnerable children have to interact with immigration and internal affairs departments, departments of education and health, and more particularly across borders, the protection of USMC requires close coordination between governments to ensure that case management is not disrupted or impeded by the national border, ensuring that the children's best interest is the most important guiding principle.

In Southern Africa, over the last 10 years, Save the Children has established bilateral cross-border coordination mechanisms between five governments, growing over the years into a significant improvement in the protection of USMC by harmonising case management, standard operating procedures, and facilitating communication. Save the Children's East and Southern Africa Regional Office's Regional Programming Unit (RPU) continues to work towards expanding the bilateral meetings, particularly in East Africa. In order to communicate this cost effective and successful approach to strengthening the protection of USMC, the RPU is looking to create a short form animated video and a high quality publication.

The video is intended to illustrate the cross-border mechanisms and how in the past 10 years, Save the Children, with support from various donors, has grown a bilateral meeting discussing USMC cases between South Africa and Zimbabwe into a regional mechanism covering most of Southern Africa. The video will make this complex process understandable to a broader audience, trying to generate interest in the approach amongst key stakeholders, partners and donors. Additionally, the video on the regional process will be a tool for country offices to try and increase government commitment, as well as engage neighbouring countries to expand the mechanism to more borders.

The RPU will additionally write a guidebook on establishing cross-border mechanisms for the protection of USMC. This guidebook will draw on the experience from country offices and the extensive project

1 UN DESA, International Migration Report 2017

2 Using UN DESA Migration Stock Data. Includes Botswana, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, Sudan, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe documentation to develop a practical roadmap to help offer deep insights into the establishment of the meetings. This guide will be written in-house, but it will require graphic design and layout of the text into a publishable and printable PDF that conforms with the Save the Children branding guidelines, which will also nclude the design of key illustrations and visual elements.

  1. Save the Children - Regional Children on the Move Programme in East and Southern Africa The Regional Programming Unit's (RPU) Children on the Move programme seeks to protect children at risk of or undertaking unaccompanied and unsafe migration in East and Southern Africa through improved national and transnational migration management, including case management and access to child protection systems. It currently coordinates these efforts in Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  2. Improved transnational cooperation and responsibility-sharing between governments to realise durable solutions for children affected by mixed migration.

  3. Develop an expanded evidence base to guide quality programming on addressing root causes of irregular migration, early unaccompanied economic migration, and preventing unsafe migration in East and Southern Africa.

  4. Improved family tracing and reunification procedures and case management to increase successful reunifications for children crossing borders between Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The programme is also working with four partners in Botswana and Swaziland, integrating them into the broader COM programme that is active in Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, in order to achieve that:

  • Children at risk of unaccompanied and unsafe migration in East and Southern Africa access essential and integrated protection, education and health services in countries of origin, transit and destination.

  • Civil society organizations are empowered to strengthen child protection and other essential services for child on the move, including survivors of sexual violence and exploitation in border towns, in Botswana, Swaziland, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Africa.

  • Communities, including children, are empowered to transform existing social norms that perpetuate children's vulnerability to violence, incl. unsafe migration, PHP and sexual violence.

The RPU further provides cross-learning platforms and opportunities to exchange best practice and build a community of practice focused on child migration. At country level, programmes are context specific, utilizing evidence of national migration dynamics to try and effectively prevent unsafe migration by addressing push factors (e.g. through income generating projects, skills training of adolescents, positive discipline work to address violence at home and in schools) and strengthening national child protection systems to include migrant children (e.g. including unaccompanied and separated migrant children in alternative care systems, developing child migrant specific case management systems, strengthening FTR systems, etc.).

  1. Objective and Scope of Work

The required work is comprised of two components:

Component 1 - Five Minute Video

A short five-minute video, 2D or 3D animated, illustrating the cross-border coordination mechanism, including establishing of the meetings, the programming approach and the benefits of the cooperation of governments to the protection of USMC to a broad audience, including potential donors, NGOs, and government stakeholders.

The video should have a memorable, high quality artistic style that captures often complex processes in a simple and easy to understand narrative, featuring professional voice-overs.

For reference, please see screenshots from a previous video produced for a different project:

Component 2 - Graphic Design and Layout of Guidebook

Based on a 40-50 page word document, this component requires the design and layout of a booklet in line with the Save the Children branding guidelines, including illustrations/graphs/figures.

  1. Outputs/Deliverables

The project requires two key outputs:

  • Story board/narrative for 5-minute video for review

  • 5-minute 2D/3D animated video provided in a range of encoding qualities (preferably including UHD)

  • Layout and graphic design of 50 page A4 guidebook for PDF publication and print.

  • Roles and Responsibilities

The Consultant:

  • Regular and transparent reporting on progress to RPU, including any delays or challenges as they develop.

  • Development of visual style and script based on a provided narrative.

  • Development of required 2D or 3D assets.

  • Voice-over services.

  • Animation.

  • Graphic design and layout of 40-50-page document.

Save the Children and RPU: (based in Pretoria and Nairobi)

  • Providing a narrative for the video.

  • Assisting in the process of transforming the narrative into a script.

  • Inputting on visual style of animated video.

  • Providing 40-50-page document for graphic layout.

  • Inputting on visual style of Guidebook on Cross-Border Coordination.

  • Timeframe

  • 3 months - from September to November 2018.

  • Competencies

  • Experience in 2D/3D animations.

  • Experience in visualizing political/advocacy processes.

  • Experience in graphic design and layout of documents/booklets.

  • Experience working in the non -profit sector is an advantage.


How to apply:

Application Email: Please apply with a covering letter and up-to-date CV to: Esaro.procurement@savethechildren.org


          Cheap flights from London/Manchester to Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, India, Sri Lanka from £242!      Cache   Translate Page      

Tweet Cheap flights from London/Manchester to Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, India or Sri Lanka from £242 return! Looking for bargain deals from the United Kingdom to selected destinations in Africa or Asia check out this promotion of 4* Saudia. (SkyTeam). In some cases you would have to accept long / overnight layover in Saudi Arabia. (Mostly from …

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The post Cheap flights from London/Manchester to Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, India, Sri Lanka from £242! appeared first on Tips for cheap flights and promo deals.


          Politik: Friedensabkommen im Südsudan unterzeichnen      Cache   Translate Page      

Das unterzeichnete «endgültige Abkommen» sieht unter anderem vor, dass Machar wieder zum ersten Vizepräsidenten des Landes ernannt wird.


           Nach jahrelangem Bürgerkrieg: Friedensabkommen im Südsudan unterzeichnen      Cache   Translate Page      
Das unterzeichnete "endgültige Abkommen" sieht unter anderem vor, dass Machar wieder zum ersten Vizepräsidenten des Landes ernannt wird.
          20 Warga Sudan Tewas Akibat Longsor Bukit      Cache   Translate Page      
Setidaknya 20 orang tewas di wilayah Darfur yang dilanda perang di Sudan setelah sebuah bukit runtuh ke desa mereka setelah hujan lebat.
          Politik: Friedensabkommen im Südsudan unterzeichnen      Cache   Translate Page      

Das unterzeichnete «endgültige Abkommen» sieht unter anderem vor, dass Machar wieder zum ersten Vizepräsidenten des Landes ernannt wird.


          Opinion: Making the cost of non-implementation higher than the cost of implementation of the agreement      Cache   Translate Page      
My contention of the entire process of mediation in Khartoum has been my dismay of Khartoum Declaration signed by all parties to surrender the sovereignty of SS over oilfields in Unity state to Sudan. For me, the subsequent concerns raised by parties in power sharing were non-essential in comparison to sovereignty. Although this Agreement may […]
          How Netarc AG, Using Blockchain Technologies, Can Change the History of Commodity Trading      Cache   Translate Page      

BOSTON, September 13, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Sudan Gold Coin (SGC), the world's first gold-backed ERC-20 token project dedicated to socially responsible gold mining operations will be presenting its vision on "Impact of Cryptoeconomics on the future of commodity trading" at Token Fest, the...


          Bakan Pakdemirli Sudan ziyaretini değerlendirdi      Cache   Translate Page      
Bakan Pakdemirli Sudan ziyaretini değerlendirdiBakan Pakdemirli Sudan ziyaretini değerlendirdi
Tarım ve Orman Bakanı Pakdemirli, Sudan ile tarım alanındaki iş birliğine ilişkin, "Türkiye Sudan'da tarım yapacak. Sadece Türkiye'nin ihtiyacını karşılamak için değil, Sudan'ın ve 3. ülkelerin de ihtiyacını karşılamak için." dedi

          Save South Sudan’s Child Soldiers from Death and Debilitating Trauma      Cache   Translate Page      
Which is worse: children who are slaughtered or children who slaughter? For the past five years, South Sudan’s citizens haven been forced to consider this dark question. Demand children stop being used as weapons in armed conflict.
          Feds move to shield spy identities      Cache   Translate Page      
Abousfian Abdelrazik is shown in Ottawa, Ont., Wednesday Feb. 3, 2010. Canada's spy agency wants to shield the identities of five current and former employees from the public when they testify in the lawsuit of a Montreal man who was detained in Sudan -- prompting vehement objections from the man's lawyer. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

Feds move to shield identities of spies set to testify in Abdelrazik case


          Feds move to shield spy identities      Cache   Translate Page      
Abousfian Abdelrazik is shown in Ottawa, Ont., Wednesday Feb. 3, 2010. Canada's spy agency wants to shield the identities of five current and former employees from the public when they testify in the lawsuit of a Montreal man who was detained in Sudan -- prompting vehement objections from the man's lawyer. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

Feds move to shield identities of spies set to testify in Abdelrazik case


          The nation: A secure vessel for freedom      Cache   Translate Page      
The nation: A secure vessel for freedom

Reports of the death of the nation state are greatly exaggerated. Between 1945 and 1980, the number of UN member states tripled from 51 to 154. With the accession of South Sudan in 2011, there are now 193 UN states, plus near-state Observers like the ex-state of the Vatican, the never-state of the International Olympic Committee and the nearly-state of Palestine. Many of the newer states were born by parthenogenesis from older ones. More new states are sure to be created by secession and civil war. A Kurdish state, or even two, might be next.

If quantity means anything, the nation state is doing fine. Its doubters, though, argue from quality. The European-style nation state has not thrived in the Middle East and Africa. Several factors have caused this, and most of them are obvious. The Europeans drew illogical borders which cut across tribal and religious lines. They left in a hurry, bequeathing an administrative afterthought of puppet kings and weak constitutions. 

The inheritors of decolonisation abused their inheritance. Where there was no nation, the state became a weapon in the hands of one tribe or sect. Does this mean the state is an inherently bad idea? Or did these states fail because they were badly designed and poorly run?

In the latter case, then what we need is more and better states, not fewer. We need states which, instead of aiming for a balance of power or fear between multiple parties – as in Lebanon or Iraq – contain a strong ethnic and religious majority, as in Israel and the Kurdish near-state in Iraq. One group cannot achieve historical self-determination if other, equally numerous parties are also trying to determine themselves in the same geographical space. This, after all, was the conclusion that the Europeans, after much bloodshed, reached in 1648, with the Treaty of Westphalia.

The failings of the West are on our minds at present, and even the prospect of a failing of the West. Is the nation state as we know it as time-bound an artefact as a Renaissance portrait? Globally, the rights-based, rule-of-law liberal state is on the back foot. One reason for this is that the non-liberal nation state is doing so well. While the democratic capitalist states are having a crisis of economy and identity, the authoritarian capitalists who lead China, Iran, Turkey and the Russian Federation are redefining the nation state for our century. Again, the nation state is doing fine in the early 21st century; the problem, for us at least, is our disapproval of their kind of nation state. 

The authoritarian capitalist states, like the democratic capitalist states of the West before them, are thriving because the state has harnessed democracy and capitalism. We, meanwhile, are nervous about our future because democracy and capitalism, having fallen out of harness in the 1990s, are pulling in opposite directions. Capital looks outwards, and democracy inwards. Capital is global, democracy local. Capital wants to transfer skills and goods to where they are most valuable, and production and taxation to where they are least expensive. Democracy wants communal and economic stability, and it pays taxes to get them. No wonder the rising powers of Asia have preferred to emphasise capital over democracy. The state is steadier that way, at least for now.

The liberal democratic state is unsteady because its leaders have not held up their end of the bargain. They have imposed high taxation within their borders, but opened their economies to market forces and multinational corporations. While ordinary workers have lost their communal and economic stability, the state has protected its permanent managerial class of unelected bureaucrats. 

At the moment, the liberal state’s true partner is not the electorate, but big business and unelected bureaucrats. This is not a sustainable situation in a democracy. The rise of populism in Europe and the United States confirms as much. Until our leaders get the message, we will be in for more of the same – more populism, more exploitation of our unsteadiness by the rising powers of Asia, and more premature obituaries for the state.

Then again, if the liberal state is not the End of History, and if we don’t want to live under authoritarian capitalism, what are our choices? The historical alternative to the nation state is the empire. Most modern states were born from empires – so many, in fact, that the age of empires was declared over as nation states multiplied after 1945. 

Yet empire has not disappeared. It has changed its name. India, and perhaps the United States of America too, might be empires under the protective coloration of federated nation states. The European Union, should it develop further in its current form, would become one. Turkey, should it digress further from its modern form, would become one, too. And did the 20th-century rulers of Russia and China ever stop thinking imperially?

The authoritarian capitalists offer the traditional exchange of empires: liberty for security. They declare spheres of interest, some of it more historic than actual, and assert the interests of their dispersed ethnic and religious kin. Erdogan’s Turkey admitted as much when Davotoglu coined the phrase “neo-Ottomanism’. Weak nation states encourage this sort of expansionism, with all its unforeseen and dangerous consequences, as in the Crimea and the disintegrating Sykes-Picot states of the Middle East. But strong nation states, as in central and eastern Europe, are a bulwark against those who would redraw the map.

The liberal state remains the best of the worst options for organising democratic life. Our pessimism about the liberal state confuses the institutional decay of 19th-century liberalism and 20th-century social democracy with the demise of the political model that served them. The nation state, when it is responsive to its people’s needs and values, helps to create stability.

Consider Israel, 70 years old in May. Founded in the first wave of European decolonisation, Israel, like the near-state of the Iraqi Kurds, proves that democratic nation states can work in the Middle East. Since the 1980s, Israel has prospered by moving from a command economy to the free market. It has turned the improvisations of its defence industry into an economic asset: a law allowing engineers to keep the non-military aspect of patents devised during military service has produced a tech sector second only to that of the United States. The profits of economic modernisation sustain the legacy that no electorate can live without, the cradle-to-grave welfare system.

Instead of abolishing the nation state, we need to cultivate it, and the identity and values that sustain it. That means correcting the balance of accountability between governments and the governed. Governments must look at more than the balance sheet, and consider the social effects of their policies. They must take border security seriously, and they must consider their virtual borders, to protect citizens against online criminality, and the centralising tendency of the knowledge economy. We should be in a better state than the one we’re in now.

This article was originally published in The Conservative journal, Issue 6, May 2018, and is reprinted with permission.

Ben.johnson September 13, 2018 - 8:27am Dominic Green

          South Sudan war: The handshake that may end a recurring nightmare      Cache   Translate Page      
Ululations and dancing erupted at the latest signing ceremony for peace, but will South Sudan's fighting end?
          A Neural Circuit for Voracious Overeating in Mice: Translation to Humans      Cache   Translate Page      


Optogenetic activation of inhibitory GABA neurons projecting from the limbic forebrain to the lateral hypothalamus causes this mouse to binge on cheese. The rapid onset and offset of the intense feeding behavior is striking. Credit: Jennings et al. (2013).


The hypothalamus is a collection of discrete nuclei in the vertebrate diencephalon that control a variety of metabolic, neuroendocrine, and circadian functions. Since the 1940s, the ventromedial nucleus (VM) has been known for its important role in satiety — lesions of this nucleus cause rats to become obese, while electrical stimulation of this structure curtails feeding. On the other hand, the lateral hypothalamus (LH) controls hunger. In 1953, Delgado and Anand implanted multilead electrodes into the brains of cats and found that electrical stimulation of the LH caused an increase of food intake to 500-1,000% of control levels.

Sixty years later, Jennings and colleagues (2013) set out to delineate the precise circuitry and neuronal population responsible for these effects using modern optogenetic techniques. They targeted a projection pathway from the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), a part of the "extended amygdala" in the limbic forebrain, to the LH. These inhibitory GABAergic neurons synapse onto excitatory glutamatergic neurons in the LH.

This specific cell type was targeted by using a genetically modified mouse line. The mice express a recombination enzyme only in neurons that express the vesicular GABA transporter (vGAT-ires-cre mouse).  A viral construct was used to insert a gene that codes for Channelrhodopsin-2, a light-sensitive protein that was fused to yellow fluorescent protein, directly into the BNST via microinjection. The BNST projections are stimulated by exposing them to blue light using specially implanted optical fibers. Since these neurons are GABAeric, they inhibit the postsynaptic LH neurons. This is shown schematically in the figure below.


Fig. 1 (modified from Jennings et al., 2013). VgatBNST→LH circuit activation induces feeding in well-fed mice. (A) Schematic showing VgatBNST→LH circuit targeting.


A different circuit was targeted in control mice, the projection from BNST to the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Activation of the VgatBNST→VTA projection did not induce voracious feeding behavior. But the mice did find it rewarding, which isn't a surprise... the VTA contains the dopaminergic cell bodies of the mesocortical dopamine system.

This is very impressive work in tune with the priorities of the BRAIN Initiative. Unaffiliated expert commenters have noted:
“This is a really important missing piece of the puzzle,” says neuroscientist Seth Blackshaw of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. “These are cell types that weren’t even predicted to exist.” A deeper understanding of how the brain orchestrates eating behavior could lead to better treatments for disorders such as anorexia and obesity, he says.

 And this:
Cynthia Bulik, Distinguished Professor of Eating Disorders at UNC School of Medicine and the Gillings School of Global Public Health, says, “Stuber’s work drills down to the precise biological mechanisms that drive binge eating and will lead us away from stigmatizing explanations that invoke blame and a lack of willpower.”

Finally, we have one minor skeptic:
Previous studies from other groups had shown the opposite of what Stuber's team found: when other researchers activated the LH by exposing it to the neurotransmitter glutamate or by electrically stimulating the neurons, animals would start eating. However, B. Glenn Stanley, a professor at UC Riverside who studies the brain mechanisms of eating behavior, said Stuber's team’s results are not necessarily in conflict with earlier findings. “To see an inconsistency would be an oversimplification,” said Stanley.

Stanley noted that Stuber's group focused on a subset of neurons in the LH, those interacting with neurons from the BNST.  ...

It's possible that some areas of the LH stimulate feeding when they're activated, and others when they are inhibited, Berthoud added. “The lateral hypothalamus is really a big area,” he said, adding that the authors didn't describe precisely where those neurons turned off by the BNST reside.

Two weeks ago, the BRAIN Working Group issued its Interim Report (PDF). High priority areas for 2014 include a focus on cell types and circuit manipulation:
#1. Generate a Census of Cell Types. It is within reach to characterize all cell types in the nervous system, and to develop tools to record, mark, and manipulate these precisely defined neurons in vivo. We envision an integrated, systematic census of neuronal and glial cell types, and new genetic and non-genetic tools to deliver genes, proteins, and chemicals to cells of interest. Priority should be given to methods that can be applied to many animal species and even to humans.

#4. Develop A Suite of Tools for Circuit Manipulation. By directly activating and inhibiting populations of neurons, neuroscience is progressing from observation to causation, and much more is possible. To enable the immense potential of circuit manipulation, a new generation of tools for optogenetics, pharmacogenetics, and biochemical and electromagnetic modulation should be developed for use in animals and eventually in human patients. Emphasis should be placed on achieving modulation of circuits in patterns that mimic natural activity.

Translation to Treatments for Human Obesity and Binge Eating Disorders

How close are we to applying this knowledge to treat people with severe intractable obesity? Not very. Optogenetics is a very invasive method. That's why development of new technologies is another high priority area of BRAIN (i.e., "advancing innovative neurotechnologies"). Nevertheless, it's a key component that will advance basic knowledge of neurocircuit functioning.

Has the potential for breakthrough treatments been overblown? Or is it all part of generating enthusiasm and public support (and hence $$)? Jennings et al. refrained from mentioning obesity except in the first and last sentences of their paper. In the press, senior author Garret Stuber said, “The study underscores that obesity and other eating disorders have a neurological basis. With further study, we could figure out how to regulate the activity of cells in a specific region of the brain and develop treatments.”  [i.e., less restrained]

But what are these treatments?? How are they being developed? In its section on Human Neuroscience and Neurotechnology, the BRAIN Report notes that “The study of human brain function faces major challenges because many experimental approaches applicable to laboratory animals cannot be deployed in humans.” They call for improving the resolution and power of human neuroimaging methods, for instance, and learning more about the cellular mechanisms that generate the hemodynamic signal measured by fMRI.

Below I'll list a few more crucial areas where the animal and human studies can inform each other, using the lateral hypothalamus and obesity as illustrations. Then I'll conclude with speculations on integrating multiple levels (and perspectives).


Deep Brain Stimulation

Currently, the most obvious link between circuit manipulation in animals and humans is the increasing number of indications for deep brain stimulation (DBS). And here, pilot studies of DBS for the treatment of obesity have been ongoing for several years (Whiting et al., 2012). Stimulating electrodes were implanted bilaterally in the LH of three patients with refractory obesity. They were enrolled in a two year FDA-approved study on safety after meeting stringent selection criteria: unsuccessful gastric bypass surgery, weighing over 50% more than ideal body weight (BMI ≥ 40), passing physical and psychological examinations. The results were decidedly mixed. One patient lost no weight, and the other two lost only 12.3% and 16.4%. However, this was a study of safety (not efficacy). No undue adverse events were reported, although non-optimal LH stimulation could produce transient sensations of nausea and feeling too hot, while presumed VM stimulation could produce a transient anxiety or panic response.


Detailed Neuroanatomy of Human Hypothalamus

A new MRI atlas of the human hypothalamus was recently published in NeuroImage (Baroncini et al., 2012). Post-mortem histological sections were processed with Nissl staining of cell bodies and Sudan Black B to identify fiber tracts. These were compared to MRI sections and mapped to onto standard Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) coordinate space. Developing more detailed anatomical atlases is critical for improving localization accuracy in stereotactic neurosurgery, including implantation of DBS electrodes. Perhaps the Hypothalamic Atlas of the future will include details about  gene expression profiles (à la Allen Human Brain Atlas) and cell types within each nucleus.


Animal Models of DBS for Obesity

Studies of DBS have been conducted in rat (Sani et al., 2007) and minipig (Melega et al., 2012) models of obesity.  Continuous bilateral stimulation to inhibit the LH caused relative weight loss in rats, while low frequency stimulation of VM was promising in minipigs. Electrode locations and stimulation parameters can be systematically tested in these animal models.

Göttingen Minipig


Neurology vs. Psychiatry vs. Clinical Psychology (why can't we all just get along?)

I found it striking that Dr. Stuber said his lab's study reinforces the view that obesity and other eating disorders have a neurological basis. Was his comment meant generically, that they have a basis in the brain? Or did he mean these are neurological disorders like epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease? These diseases are largely unaffected by your outlook on life, and they're not amenable to psychotherapy. How would a neurological definition of binge eating differ from a psychiatric one? That might depend if you're using DSM-5 or a futuristic biologically-based diagnostic scheme. In the U.S., federally funded research at NIMH is moving in a direction consonant with the circuit view presented here, i.e. the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) framework.

Moving in the opposite direction, the British Psychological Society's Division of Clinical Psychology recently issued a Position Statement on the Classification of Behaviour and Experience in Relation to Functional Psychiatric Diagnoses, which advocated “a paradigm shift in how we understand mental distress towards one which is no longer based on diagnosis and a ‘disease’ model.”  [a rather non-biological view]


Behaviors Don't Exist in a Subcortical Vacuum

Why is it so hard to land somewhere in the middle? What's completely missing from BRAIN is the recognition that social, emotional, and environmental factors can influence the onset of binge eating and other psychiatric disorders in humans. This complicates the utopia of circuit manipulation to cure eating disorders. What are the external factors (e.g., social pressure, stressors, negative evaluation) and internal states (e.g., emotional, cognitive, endocrine) that precipitate the onset (or end) of a binge? Certainly nothing as dramatic as optogenetic activation or inactivation.

The Report pays lip service to the prefrontal cortex and top-down control of behavior (p. 23), but modeling such influences is beyond the scope of the Initiative. But hey! you might say. The plan is ambitious and grandiose enough as it is... you can't even begin to scratch the surface with $100 million in 2014.

But why not push the speculation a bit further? If you're going to anticipate dreaming up entirely new technologies, why not shoot for the stars and identify top-down inputs to BNST neurons?


The Rise of the Circuit-Based Human

Vaughan Bell recently wrote an insightful article about Changing brains: why neuroscience is ending the Prozac era, in which he said:
As the Prozac nation fades, the empire of the circuit-based human will rise, probably to the point where dinner party chatter will include the misplaced jargon of systems neuroscience.

Ironically, Stuber the optogenetics researcher speculated that drug development might be the best and most practical way to go in the future:
Stuber said his group is going to focus on characterizing the cells in the circuit to see “what makes them special.” One appealing direction is to develop pharmacotherapies to tweak the activity of these cells and potentially change feeding behaviors long term.

Irrational Exuberance?

The BRAIN Interim Report presents many reasons for optimism, but it is in part a political document, produced under the auspices of the Obama White House. It proposes a visionary collaborative world of neuroscience research where competition for scarce resources is unknown. It's an idealized blueprint where all the start-up funds aren't spent on establishing an infrastructure. All of these wonderful ideas are to be implemented in fiscal year 2014, which starts tomorrow... if the federal government doesn't shut down, that is.

Even in my Neurocomplimentary guise, I suppose my depressive realism still gets the best of me.


References

Baroncini M, Jissendi P, Balland E, Besson P, Pruvo JP, Francke JP, Dewailly D, Blond S, Prevot V. (2012). MRI atlas of the human hypothalamus. Neuroimage 59(1):168-80.

DELGADO JM & ANAND BK (1953). Increase of food intake induced by electrical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus. The American journal of physiology, 172 (1), 162-8. PMID: 13030733

Jennings JH, Rizzi G, Stamatakis AM, Ung RL, & Stuber GD (2013). The inhibitory circuit architecture of the lateral hypothalamus orchestrates feeding. Science, 341 (6153), 1517-21. PMID: 24072922

Melega WP, Lacan G, Gorgulho AA, Behnke EJ, De Salles AA. (2012). Hypothalamic deep brain stimulation reduces weight gain in an obesity-animal model. PLoS One 7(1):e30672.

Sani S, Jobe K, Smith A, Kordower JH, Bakay RA.(2007). Deep brain stimulation for treatment of obesity in rats. J Neurosurg. 107(4):809-13.

Whiting DM, Tomycz ND, Bailes J, de Jonge L, Lecoultre V, Wilent B, Alcindor D, Prostko ER, Cheng BC, Angle C, Cantella D, Whiting BB, Mizes JS, Finnis KW, Ravussin E, & Oh MY (2013). Lateral hypothalamic area deep brain stimulation for refractory obesity: a pilot study with preliminary data on safety, body weight, and energy metabolism. Journal of neurosurgery, 119 (1), 56-63. PMID: 23560573


A well fed mouse from the experiment consuming bacon and donuts, despite already having its energy requirements met.  Credit: Josh Jennings.


          Various Artists: Two Niles To Sing A Melody: The Violins & Synths Of Sudan      Cache   Translate Page      

Ostinato LP 005 (UK 3x LP) - € 33.00

In Sudan, the political and cultural are inseparable.

In 1989, a coup brought a hardline religious government to power. Music was violently condemned. Many musicians and artists were persecuted, tortured, forced to flee into exile — and even murdered, ending one of the most beloved music eras in all of Africa and largely denying Sudan's gifted instrumentalists, singers, and poets, from strutting their creative heritage on the global stage.

What came before in a special era that protected and promoted the arts was one of the richest music scenes anywhere in the world. Although Sudanese styles are endlessly diverse, this compilation celebrates the golden sound of the capital, Khartoum. Each chapter of the cosmopolitan city's tumultuous musical story is covered through 16 tracks: from the hypnotic violin and accordion-driven orchestral music of the 1970s that captured the ears and hearts of Africa and the Arabic-speaking world, to the synthesizer and drum machine music of the 1980s, and the music produced in exile in the 1990s. The deep kicks of tum tum and Nubian rhythms keep the sound infectious.

Sudan of old had music everywhere: roving sound systems and ubiquitous bands and orchestras kept Khartoum's sharply dressed youth on their feet. Live music was integral to cultural life, producing a catalog of concert recordings. In small arenas and large outdoor venues, musical royalty of the day built Khartoum's reputation as ground zero for innovation and technique that inspired a continent.

Musicians in Ethiopia and Somalia frequently point to Sudan's biggest golden era stars as idols. Mention Mohammed Wardi — a legendary Sudanese singer and activist akin to Fela Kuti in stature and impact in his music and politics — and they often look to the heavens. A popular story is of one man from Mali who walked for three months across the Sahel to Sudan because the father of the woman he wanted to marry would only allow it if he got him a signed cassette from Wardi himself. Saied Khalifa is said to be the one of the few singers to make Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie smile.

Such is the stature of Sudanese singers and the reputation of Sudanese music, particularly in the "Sudanic Belt," a cultural zone that stretches from Djibouti all the way west to Mauritania, covering much of the Sahara and the Sahel, lands where Sudanese artists are household names and Sudanese poems are regularly used as lyrics until today to produce the latest hits. Sudanese cassettes often sold more in Cameroon and Nigeria than at home.

But years of anti-music sentiment have made recordings in Sudan difficult to source. Ostinato's team traveled to Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti, and Egypt in search of the timeless cultural artifacts that hold the story of one of Africa's most mesmerizing cultures. That these cassette tape and vinyl recordings were mainly found in Sudan's neighbors is a testament to Sudanese music's widespread appeal.

With our Sudanese partner and co-compiler Tamador Sheikh Eldin Gibreel, a once famous poet and actress in ’70s Khartoum, Ostinato's fifth album, following our Grammy-nominated "Sweet As Broken Dates," revives the enchanting harmonies, haunting melodies, and relentless rhythms of Sudan’s brightest years, fully restored, remastered and packaged luxuriously in a triple LP gatefold and double CD bookcase to match the regal repute of Sudanese music. A 20,000-word liner note booklet gives voice to the singers silenced by an oppressive regime.

Take a sail down the Blue and White Nile as they pass through Khartoum, carrying with them an ancient history and a never-ending stream of poems and songs. It takes two Niles to sing a melody.

Tracklisting:
  1. Emad Youssef: Al Bareedo Ana (The One I Love)
  2. Abdel El Aziz Al Mubarak: Ma Kunta Aarif Yarait (I Wish I Had Known)
  3. Kamal Tarbas: Min Ozzalna Seebak Seeb (Forget Those That Divide Us)
  4. Madjzoub Ounsa: Arraid Arraid Ya Ahal (Love, Love Family)
  5. Khojali Osman: Malo Law Safeetna Inta (What If You Resolve What's Between Us?)
  6. Zaidan Ibrahim: Ma Hammak Azabna (You Don’t Care About My Suffering) [Live]
  7. Saied Khalifa: Igd Allooli (The Pearl Necklace)
  8. Taj Makki: Ma Aarfeen Nagool Shino! (We Don't Know What to Say!)
  9. Hanan Bulu Bulu: Alamy Wa Shagiya (My Pain and Suffering) [Live]
  10. Abdelmoniem Ekhaldi: Droob A Shoag (Paths to Love)
  11. Samira Dunia: Galbi La Tahwa Tani (My Heart, Don't Fall in Love Again)
  12. Mohammed Wardi: Al Sourah (The Photo)
  13. Abdullah Abdelkader: Al Zaman Zamanak (It’s Your Time)
  14. Mustafa Modawi & Ibrahim El Hassan: Al Wilaid Al Daif (The Youth Who Came as a Guest)
  15. Ibrahim El Kashif: Elhabeeb Wain? (Where is My Sweetheart?)
  16. Mohammed Wardi: Al Mursal (The Messenger)

          SEPTEMBER 13, 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
In modern-day Sudan, archaeologists dig through ancient pyramids and burial sites in search of clues about the golden Nubian empire known as Kush that once ruled over all of Egypt. This image is from Black Pharaohs: Empire of Gold.
          #squad - dude_entertainment      Cache   Translate Page      
#starring @kallumakkaaya ・・・ Pubg remix Tag Ur pubg squad #pubg #pubgmalayalam #pubgsquad #pubgxbox #pubgmobile #squad #pubgmemes #pubgedits #edit #versatilemedia #video #mallumix #annanthambi #mallureposts #versatilemedia #malluthug #comedystar #sudanifromnigeria #reallifethug #thugs #malluvines #mallurepost #versatilemedia #jagadeesh #mallu #malayalam #musers #getoutbitch #videoofday #Kallumakkaaya #kiki
          General Gordon      Cache   Translate Page      
He is remembered as Gordon of Khartoum', the city in the Sudan where he was killed by forces loyal to the Mahdi in 1885.
          Volebet3.com Paramızı Bahanelerle Vermiyor      Cache   Translate Page      
Http://www.volebet99.com sitesi tam bir kandırıcı sitesidir. Tuttursanız bile ödemiyorlar. Sudan sebepten hesabı kapatıyorlar. 2700 TL mi ödemediler. Canlı desteklerinde E**, A**, A**,Y** 2 kişi daha var, hepsi yalan şeylerle insanları kandırıyorlar. Paramızı hiçbir türlü göndermiyorlar. Hesaplar bl
           Güney Sudan'da yıllardır süren iç savaş sona erdi       Cache   Translate Page      
Güney Sudanlı taraflar, aylardır süren yeni barış müzakereleri kapsamında nihai barış anlaşmasını imzaladı. Etiyopya'nın başkenti Addis Ababa'da düzenlenen 33. Hükümetler Arası Kalkınma Otoritesi (IGAD) Devlet ve Hükümet Başkanları Toplantısı'nda bir araya gelen muhalif lider Riek Machar ve ...
          Hope, scepticism as warring South Sudan leaders sign peace deal      Cache   Translate Page      
Hopes are high that the agreement will end the war which has cost the lives of tens of thousands of people
          Feds move to shield spy identities      Cache   Translate Page      
Abousfian Abdelrazik is shown in Ottawa, Ont., Wednesday Feb. 3, 2010. Canada's spy agency wants to shield the identities of five current and former employees from the public when they testify in the lawsuit of a Montreal man who was detained in Sudan -- prompting vehement objections from the man's lawyer. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick

Feds move to shield identities of spies set to testify in Abdelrazik case


          Novo poglavje za Južni Sudan: sprti strani podpisali mirovni sporazum      Cache   Translate Page      
Južnosudanski predsednik Salva Kiir in vodja upornikov Riek Machar sta na vrhu organizacije vzhodnoafriških držav IGAD v Adis Abebi podpisala dogovor o koncu petletne državljanske vojne v Južnem . . .
           Nach jahrelangem Bürgerkrieg: Friedensabkommen im Südsudan unterzeichnen      Cache   Translate Page      
Das unterzeichnete "endgültige Abkommen" sieht unter anderem vor, dass Machar wieder zum ersten Vizepräsidenten des Landes ernannt wird.
          Architect Of The Darfur Genocide Just Narrowly Avoided The Whole World’s Wrath      Cache   Translate Page      
Sudan president has avoided capture for SIX YEARS
          Sudanese president charged with genocide      Cache   Translate Page      
The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has filed genocide charges against Sudan's president for a five-year campaign of violence in Darfur
          Sudan: Treasure buried beneath a land of poverty      Cache   Translate Page      
Men and boys, the educated and the uneducated, all come to the north to dig for gold. Once in a while, the desert rewards those not afraid of death or the snake-shaped genie
          Jimmy Carter and Sudan’s genocidal regime      Cache   Translate Page      
By claiming the recent vote was “an opening” for citizens of Sudan to “participate and present their views,” the former U.S. president has demonstrated clearly that he is no friend to Sudan’s people
          Every day we don’t act      Cache   Translate Page      
Inaction on Sudan is unacceptable
          Sudan: Genocidaire set to remain president      Cache   Translate Page      
Sudan has been torn by war, genocide, rape, corruption and evil for more than 40 years. The elections are not free, nor fair. The results will not represent the will of the people. With many opposition leaders boycotting the elections, it is certain indicted war criminal Omar Hassan al-Bashir will remain the leader of this war-torn and genocide ravaged landscape. This architect of crimes against humanity has, unfortunately, received the tacit endorsement of President Barack Obama
          Sudan says elections will go ahead despite boycott      Cache   Translate Page      
Sudan's first multiparty elections in more than two decades will go ahead despite the withdrawal of several opposition parties alleging campaign irregularities, the election commission said Saturday
          Sudan peace accord signed, state media reports      Cache   Translate Page      
Sudan on Tuesday signed a framework peace accord with rebels from the nation's volatile Darfur region, state media reported
          Shark! (1969) Samuel Fuller      Cache   Translate Page      
Shark! (1969)
Genre: Action | Adventure | Thriller
Country: USA | Mexico | Director: Samuel Fuller
Language: English | Subtitles: None
Aspect ratio: Widescreen 1.85:1 | Length: 93mn
Bdrip H264 Mkv - 1280x720 - 23.976fps - 1.81gb
https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0066365/

A gunrunner loses his cargo near a small coastal Sudanese town so he's stuck there. When a woman hires him to raid a sunken ship in the shark-infested waters, he sees a chance to compensate for his losses. He's not the only one.
 Shark! (1969) 

          Südsudan: Wie Konflikte und Klimaschwankungen ganze Bevölkerungen das Leben kosten können      Cache   Translate Page      

Informationen von UNICEF zufolge nimmt der weltweite Hunger immer weiter zu. Dabei hatte sich die Weltgemeinschaft schon vor Jahren dazu entschlossen, ihn bis spätestens 2030 endgültig besiegt zu haben. Jeder …


          Fears of health crisis due to poor waste management in Torit      Cache   Translate Page      
The Civil Society Network in South Sudan’s Torit State is urging the authorities and citizens to observe high levels of hygiene and improve waste management to reduce health risks especially during the rainy season. During an environmental assessment around residential areas in the town which started on Saturday, the civil society organisation noted poor sanitation […]
          Bitter foes reunite to sign revitalized peace agreement to end civil war in South Sudan      Cache   Translate Page      
It was an embrace that could end the suffering of 12 million people. An historic coming together of two bitter foes who have spent five years fighting each other over ethnic differences and a tussle for power at the expense of the people of war-torn South Sudan. The leader of the opposition armed forces, Riek […]
          Rival communities in Jonglei agree to bury hatchet over grazing site      Cache   Translate Page      
Rival communities in South Sudan’s Bor town of Jonglei State on Tuesday agreed to cease hostilities over a grazing land during a peace conference. The two clans of Ater in Makwach County and Palek of Anyidi County have clashed for years over ownership of a piece of grazing land located along the Nile. The tensions […]
          African countries urged to toughen laws on female genital mutilation      Cache   Translate Page      
LONDON, Sept 13 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Millions of girls in Africa are at risk of female genital mutilation because their governments are failing to enforce laws banning the internationally condemned practice, campaigners said on Thursday. Six countries which are home to 16 million girls – Chad, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Somalia and Sudan – […]
          Africa:African Artists Wow Another Continent Down Under      Cache   Translate Page      
[The Conversation Africa] In recent years, increasing numbers of people have moved from all parts of Africa to Australia. The largest numbers have come from South Africa, Sudan, South Sudan, Zimbabwe, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Sierra Leone.
          Rockfall destroys Togoli village in Sudan's South Darfur, killing at least 20 people and leaving 50 injured      Cache   Translate Page      
At least 20 people have been killed, 6 are missing and 50 were injured after a large rockfall crashed down onto houses of Togoli village in South Darfur's Kass locality on September 7, 2018. The entire village was reportedly destroyed. The rockfall was caused by...... Read more »

          Africa:African Artists Wow Another Continent Down Under      Cache   Translate Page      
[The Conversation Africa] In recent years, increasing numbers of people have moved from all parts of Africa to Australia. The largest numbers have come from South Africa, Sudan, South Sudan, Zimbabwe, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Sierra Leone. Reported by allAfrica.com 45 minutes ago.
          Nach jahrelangem Bürgerkrieg: Friedensabkommen im Südsudan unterzeichnen      Cache   Translate Page      
Südsudans Bürgerkriegsparteien haben sich nach monatelangen Verhandlungen auf ein Friedensabkommen geeinigt. Präsident Salva Kiir und Rebellenführer...
          PM Abiy full speech about South Sudan, controversy about Flag in Addis      Cache   Translate Page      
none
          Dowladda iyo mucaaradka Koonfurta Sudan oo heshiis kula saxiixday Addis Ababa       Cache   Translate Page      
Khamiis, September, 13, 2018 (HOL)–Dowladda iyo Mucaaradka Koonfurta Sudan ayaa heshiis kama danbeys ah ku kala saxiixday magaalada Addis Ababa ee dalka Itoobiya oo lagu soo gabagabeeyay shirkii Urur gobolleedka IGAD.
          IT'S TIME FOR THE GREATEST SHOW ON EARTH THE DON NICOLEONE SHOW 12-4PM EST ON WGAG RADIO      Cache   Translate Page      
DON NICOLEONE SHOW IS THE MOST DYNAMIC SHOW ORBITING THE PLANET EARTH!! THE DON NICOLEONE SHOW BROADCAST LIVE WEEKDAYS 12-4PM EST ON WGAG RADIO! CALL IN AND SPEAK TO DON NICOLEONE LIVE 1.515.605.9828 OR 1.425.569.5274 DON NICOLEONE IS IN THE ORDER OF THE SYBILLINE ORACLES SINCE 1982, THE ANCIENT AND MYSTIC ORDER OF MELCHIZEDEK SINCE 1996, THE ANCIENT EGIPTIAN ORDER SINCE 2001, AS WELL AS ASTARA MYSTIC ORDER SINCE 1976, THE GRAND DRAGON OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON SINCE 2002, AND SINCE 2002 THE SUPREME AL MUFTA "DIVA" OF THE AL MAHDI SHRINERS THE ONLY WOMAN CHOSEN BY THE GRAND AL MUFTI "DIVAN" IMPERIAL GRAND POTENTATE NOBLE: REV. DR. MALACHI Z. YORK-EL "AS SAYYID ISSA AL HAADI AL MAHDI" OF THE INTERNATIONAL SUPREME COUNCIL OF SHRINERS, INC. HEAD OF THE COUNCIL OF 9 THE GRAND MUFTI OF SHRINEDOM, A DIRECT DESCENDANT OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD OF ARABIA THROUGH THE MAHDI OF NUBIA, THE SUDAN. LET'S TALK ABOUT WHAT THEY DON'T WANT YOU TO TALK ABOUT ONLY ON THE DON NICOLEONE SHOW
           Mueren 50 personas a causa de un alud de barro en una zona montañosa en Darfur       Cache   Translate Page      
Al menos 50 personas murieron el viernes a causa de un alud de barro registrado en una zona montañosa de la región sudanesa de Darfur, según han confirmado este jueves fuentes oficiales del país africano.
          Ethiopia: Ethiopia: Refugees and Asylum-seekers as of 31 August 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Yemen


          Ethiopia: UNHCR Ethiopia Factsheet - August 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Yemen

Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.

So far in 2018, 36,185 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, including 1,626 in August. They are mostly from South Sudan and Eritrea.

UNHCR is actively participating in the humanitarian response to the IDP situation in Ethiopia and has deployed two Emergency Response Teams to Gedeo and West Guji. The teams are supporting the authorities with site management and the co-ordination of responses to protection needs. UNHCR is also providing emergency kits to the displaced people.

Working with Partners

UNHCR's main government counterpart to ensure the protection of refugees in Ethiopia is the Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA). In addition, UNHCR works in close coordination with some 50 humanitarian partners and is part of the Humanitarian Country Team in Ethiopia, where refugee programmes are discussed strategically to ensure that the needs of refugees are adequately presented and addressed across the UN System. UNHCR is also building on a well-established coordination fora, including the inter-sector Refugee Coordination Group, together with national and regional sector working groups. As part of the CRR approach, UNHCR is furthering partnerships with line ministries, regional and local authorities, as well as development partners.


          World: The Aid in Danger Monthly News Brief - August 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Lebanon, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Security Incidents and Access Constraints

Africa

Central African Republic

01 August 2018: In Alindao town, Basse-Kotto prefecture, unspecified assailants killed an aid worker from a local NGO. His motorcycle was found heavily burned nearby. No further details available. Source: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and AWSD

06 August 2018: In Bria town, Haute-Kotto prefecture, the international non-governmental organisation (INGO) Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) reopened its Bria base and has begun to gradually reintroduce its medical support for the city. Source: aBangui

08 August 2018: In Kaga-Bandoro region, Nana-Grébizi prefecture, an unspecified humanitarian team was robbed three times by unidentified perpetrators while traveling between Dekoa and KagaBandoro villages. Source: ACLED

09 August 2018: In Kaga-Bandoro region, Nana-Grébizi prefecture, another team of humanitarian workers from an unspecified organisation were robbed by armed men while driving on the road between Dekoa and Kaga-Bandoro. No further details specified.
Source: ACLED

11 August 2018: In Kaga-Bandoro region, Nana-Grébizi prefecture, a Red Cross team was robbed by unidentified armed men while traveling between Kaga-Bandoro city and Grevai town. Source:
ACLED

25 August 2018: In Bria town, Haute-Kotou prefecture, two national staff members of an unspecified aid organisation were killed during clashes between anti-Balaka militants and members of the Rassemblement Patriotique pour le Renouveau de Centrafique (RPRC), and eleven other people were injured. It is unknown whether the injuries included aid workers. Source: AWSD

Democratic Republic of the Congo

02 August 2018: In North Kivu province, seven local UN workers were kidnapped when their convoy of vehicles was stopped by armed men just east of Masisi centre. Only the Congolese nationals were kidnapped, while their drivers and vehicles were let go. On August 03, two of the seven kidnapping victims were released, having been seriously assaulted, and a ransom was put out for the remaining staff members.
Source: AWSD

08 August 2018 (Date of article): In North Kivu province, militia violence poses a major challenge for aid workers who have been attempting to vaccinate any and all individuals who may come into contact with someone who has the Ebola virus. Sources: Al Jazeera, Devex and The Guardian

09 August 2018: In Rutshuru town, North Kivu province, militants from the Forces Démocratiques de Libération du Rwanda (FDLR) attacked a group from the Norwegian NGO Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), kidnapping six of the aid workers before releasing them again later the same day. Source: ACLED

19 August 2018: In Tanganyika province, Katanga state, four members of the Red Cross were kidnapped by a group of Hapa Na Pale Mayi Mayi militants. Source: ACLED


          Mueren 50 personas a causa de un alud de barro en una zona montañosa en Darfur (Sudán)      Cache   Translate Page      
Al menos 50 personas murieron el viernes a causa de un alud de barro registrado en una zona montañosa de la región sudanesa de Darfur, según han confirmado este jueves fuentes oficiales del país africano.
          Landmark South Sudan deal offers hope, but trust ‘still lacking’ between parties – UN envoy      Cache   Translate Page      
Rebuilding trust and overcoming suspicion will be key to ensure the success of Thursday’s landmark peace agreement between the South Sudanese Government and main political opposition, the top United Nations official in the country has said.
          South Sudan's midwives, boosted by aid, wonder how long donors will deliver      Cache   Translate Page      

When South Sudan gained independence in 2011, donations poured in to improve its decimated health care – especially for mothers and babies. But the civil war has raised doctors' fears that aid will dry up or stay focused on short-term assistance. 


          PETITION - Save South Sudan’s Child Soldiers from Death and Debilitating Trauma      Cache   Translate Page      
Roughly 300,000 deaths and nearly a third of the entire population displaced. These statistics from South Sudan’s ongoing civil war paint a dark picture
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          Three charges John Bolton should face at the ICC      Cache   Translate Page      
National Security Adviser John Bolton appears to be spiraling down into the same miasma of madness that possesses other members of the Trump administration - perhaps caused by a microbe carried in Trump's sniffle. This week he threatened justices of the International Criminal Court in the Hague with physical abduction were they to dare indict an American for war crimes committed in Afghanistan. The International Criminal Court was established by the Rome Statute, which went into effect in 2002 has been ratified by 123 nations of the world. Most of Europe and all of Latin America and half of African states have signed. Virtually the only deadbeats are countries whose officials are afraid of being indicted by the court for serious human rights crimes, such as Syria, China, India, Sudan, Israel, Russia and . . . the United States of America (actually the latter four signed but they pulled out when they realized that they had exposed their state officials to prosecution, what with the war crimes they are constantly committing).
          South Sudan In Focus - September 13, 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
South Sudan’s warring parties signed what they call a final peace deal to end five years of conflict that has killed tens of thousands. And President Kiir returned to Juba International Airport today to be greeted by jubilant supporters after signing the peace deal with rebel leader Riek Machar in Addis Ababa.
          South Sudan's midwives, boosted by aid, wonder how long donors will deliver      Cache   Translate Page      

South Sudan's midwives, boosted by aid, wonder how long donors will deliverIt was July 9, 2011, and just outside the walls of the maternity ward at the largest public hospital in the city, a country was being born. As Dr. Alice Pityia scrambled through her rounds, the wails of the newest citizens of the world’s newest country mixed with the cheers of the crowd outside. Salva Kiir, offered another, after the man who had been their president for all of 20 minutes.



          ON OSLO ANNIVERSARY, TRUMPS US STRUGGLES WITH ROLE AS MIDEAST PEACE MEDIATOR.      Cache   Translate Page      
JEWISH KING JESUS IS COMING AT THE RAPTURE FOR US IN THE CLOUDS-DON'T MISS IT FOR THE WORLD.THE BIBLE TAKEN LITERALLY- WHEN THE PLAIN SENSE MAKES GOOD SENSE-SEEK NO OTHER SENSE-LEST YOU END UP IN NONSENSE.GET SAVED NOW- CALL ON JESUS TODAY.THE ONLY SAVIOR OF THE WHOLE EARTH - NO OTHER. 1 COR 15:23-JESUS THE FIRST FRUITS-CHRISTIANS RAPTURED TO JESUS-FIRST FRUITS OF THE SPIRIT-23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.ROMANS 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.(THE PRE-TRIB RAPTURE)

LUKE 21:28-29
28 And when these things begin to come to pass,(ALL THE PROPHECY SIGNS FROM THE BIBLE) then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption (RAPTURE) draweth nigh.
29 And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree,(ISRAEL) and all the trees;(ALL INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES)
30 When they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your own selves that summer is now nigh at hand.(ISRAEL LITERALLY BECAME AND INDEPENDENT COUNTRY JUST BEFORE SUMMER IN MAY 14,1948.)

JOEL 2:3,30
3 A fire devoureth (ATOMIC BOMB) before them;(RUSSIAN-ARAB-MUSLIM ARMIES AGAINST ISRAEL) and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.(ATOMIC BOMB AFFECT)

ZECHARIAH 14:12-13
12 And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet,(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB) and their eyes shall consume away in their holes,(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB) and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB)(BECAUSE NUKES HAVE BEEN USED ON ISRAELS ENEMIES)(GOD PROTECTS ISRAEL AND ALWAYS WILL)
13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.(1/2-3 BILLION DIE IN WW3)(THIS IS AN ATOMIC BOMB EFFECT)

EZEKIEL 20:47
47 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein.

ZEPHANIAH 1:18
18 Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.

MALACHI 4:1
1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven;(FROM ATOMIC BOMBS) and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.

And here are the bounderies of the land that Israel will inherit either through war or peace or God in the future. God says its Israels land and only Israels land. They will have every inch God promised them of this land in the future.
Egypt east of the Nile River, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, The southern part of Turkey and the Western Half of Iraq west of the Euphrates. Gen 13:14-15, Psm 105:9,11, Gen 15:18, Exe 23:31, Num 34:1-12, Josh 1:4.ALL THIS LAND ISRAEL WILL DEFINATELY OWN IN THE FUTURE, ITS ISRAELS NOT ISHMAELS LAND.12 TRIBES INHERIT LAND IN THE FUTURE

On Oslo anniversary, Trump’s US struggles with role as Mideast peace mediator-Though it is still touting the upcoming reveal of its peace plan, the administration is further away than ever from its traditional position in the process-By Francesco FONTEMAGGI-TOI-SEPT 12,18

WASHINGTON (AFP) — Twenty-five years ago, then US president Bill Clinton looked on as Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin shook hands on the White House lawn, sealing the Oslo accords.And in 1979, Jimmy Carter hosted the leaders of Israel and Egypt at Camp David — another indelible moment in diplomatic history.US President Donald Trump can only dream of such a scene unfolding on his watch.Under the president, the United States is further away than ever from playing its traditional role as mediator in the long-simmering Middle East peace process.Trump, a foreign policy novice, promised upon taking office to help broker the “ultimate deal” between Israel and the Palestinians.He tasked his son-in-law and senior aide Jared Kushner with leading a small group to make that happen. But that task force was seen by some as too close to Israel, and inexperienced in the world of high-stakes diplomacy.“It is something that I think is frankly, maybe, not as difficult as people have thought over the years,” Trump said in May 2017.But more than a year later, that notion has been brutally squashed.“All my life, I’ve heard that’s the hardest deal to make, and I’m starting to believe that maybe it is,” Trump said last week, though he added he still believed he could make it happen. ‘Peace through strength’? It’s true that since Trump took office, the situation has radically changed.At first, the Palestinians offered the mercurial president the benefit of the doubt. But late last year, they froze all contact with Washington after Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.That stance crossed a stark red line for Palestinian leaders, and flew in the face of decades of international consensus that the status of the Holy City should be determined via negotiations.Since the breakdown in US-Palestinian ties, the Trump administration has redoubled efforts to both punish Palestinian leaders and twist their arm so that they return to talks with Israel.US aid has been effectively wiped out, as has its support for the UN agency that assists three million Palestinian refugees, known as UNRWA.And on Monday, Washington ordered the closure of the Palestine Liberation Organization’s mission in the US capital — an about-face 25 years after PLO leader Arafat was welcomed at the White House.Trump says he wants to achieve “peace through strength” — but is that viable anymore? US officials “believe that Palestinians can be convinced that they have lost and must take whatever set of arrangements — perhaps some limited form of autonomy with economic sweeteners — that they are offered,” says Michele Dunne, a researcher at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.According to Dunne, the Americans appear to be trying to take the thorniest issues — the status of Jerusalem, the right of return to Israel for Palestinians, and Palestinian statehood — off the negotiating table.“Clearly those issues remain highly relevant to Palestinians as well as many other Arabs and Muslims,” Dunne noted, adding: “It seems very unlikely that Palestinians will fold in that way.”-Mystery peace plan-The Palestinian Authority has denied Trump the role of Middle Ease peace mediator that Washington enjoyed for decades.But that is no surprise to Aaron David Miller, a former negotiator for both Republican and Democratic administrations on Middle East issues, who says Washington has never really been an “honest broker.”“Our relationship with Israel has prevented us from being a honest broker,” Miller told AFP.“We can be at certain times what I call an effective broker. We’ve used that relationship at times to reach agreements between Arabs and Israelis,” he said, citing the Camp David and Oslo accords.For now, however, “we have compromised, undermined and abandoned any possibility of being an effective broker,” said Miller, who is the Middle East program director at the Wilson Center, a Washington think tank.“I’ve never seen an administration that is so preternaturally supportive of Israel and at the same time so hostile towards the Palestinian piece of this peace equation.”The issue is such a minefield that Kushner’s team has not even found the right time to unveil its long-awaited peace plan — its unveiling has been delayed for months.But the White House insists the plan has not been abandoned.“It’s an extraordinarily ambitious project that the administration has undertaken,” National Security Advisor John Bolton said Monday.“The sensitivity and the appropriateness of the timing of rolling it out are difficult questions.”Miller says barring a real surprise, such as a roadmap to Palestinian statehood with East Jerusalem as its capital, “the most likely outcome is a ‘no’ from the Palestinians.”Such a refusal may even be the White House’s goal, Dunne says, so it can “use the Palestinians’ inevitable rejection as a justification for further changes to the US position on behalf of Israeli claims to the West Bank.”

44,000 Catholic Women Demand Answers From Pope Francis Over Sex Abuse Crisis-[HuffPost]-Carol Kuruvilla-,HuffPost-YAHOONEWS-September 12, 2018

More than 44,000 Catholic women have signed a letter pressing Pope Francis to explain exactly when and how he found out about sexual abuse and misconduct allegations against a high-ranking former cardinal.“Our hearts are broken, our faith tested, by the escalating crisis engulfing our beloved Church,” states the passionately worded letter organized by the Catholic Women’s Forum. “We are angry, betrayed and disillusioned.”“We, your flock, deserve your answers now.”For the past two weeks, Francis’ papacy has been thrown into crisis by claims that U.S. cardinals and Vatican officials covered up for then-Cardinal Theodore McCarrick. Even though the Vatican has known about his allegedly abusive behavior with seminarians since at least 2000, McCarrick received clerical promotions and continued publicly representing the church, The Associated Press reports.The accusations against Francis himself were brought up by the Vatican’s former U.S. ambassador, Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano. The archbishop, who has long been a critic of the Argentine pontiff, claims Francis rehabilitated McCarrick, lifting canonical sanctions imposed by his predecessor, Pope Benedict XVI.Francis officially removed McCarrick from ministry in June after a church investigation determined that he had sexually abused an altar boy in 1971. McCarrick resigned from the College of Cardinals the following month.Soon after Vigano’s allegations came to light, Francis told reporters that he would “not say a single word” on the subject and suggested that journalists read Vigano’s claims and make up their own minds.The archbishop’s accusations and Francis’ silence have roiled the U.S. Catholic Church, with some in the hierarchy coming to the pope’s defense while others demand a thorough investigation. On Tuesday, the Vatican said Francis will meet with a delegation of U.S. cardinals and bishops about the issue on Thursday.The thousands of signatures on the letter to Pope Francis are evidence of how deeply this crisis has affected Catholic women, who see themselves as the backbone of the church.The letter from the Catholic Women’s Forum, an international network that seeks to amplify the voices of faithful Catholic women, has continued to gather signatures since it was first published on Aug. 30. Signers include prominent female American Catholic theologians, professors, business executives, writers and speakers. Mary Rice Hasson, the forum’s director, told HuffPost that the group’s web team is working hard to delete duplicate signatures. They are also deleting any signatures from men, who are being asked to sign a separate online letter.The women’s letter has already been sent to the pope twice ― through personal channels and through the apostolic nuncio in Washington, D.C. Hasson said via email that as long as the number of signatures continues to swell, the organization will continue to send it to Francis weekly.Hasson added that she’s not surprised by the surge of signatures, given the “depth of feeling” around this issue. Although the number of abuse cases involving priests dropped sharply after the Catholic Church adopted reforms in 2002, she said the church is still falling short in holding the hierarchy accountable and acknowledging sexual misconduct by bishops and cardinals.“These women love our Church, and they are heartbroken and appalled, not only at the underlying abuse, but also by an ecclesial culture that looked the other way in the face of egregious sexual abuse and misconduct,” Hasson wrote.The letter to the pope specifically states that the women want to know when Francis learned about McCarrick’s alleged sexual misconduct and abuse, and whether Francis released the former cardinal from any restrictions imposed by Benedict. In the letter, the Catholic Women’s Forum also takes the opportunity to remind Francis how important women are to the church. Fifty-four percent of American Catholics are women, according to the Pew Research Center. Catholic women are more likely than men to say they attend Mass at least once a week (43 percent vs. 35 percent) and more likely to say they pray every day (67 percent vs. 49 percent).“We are not second-class Catholics to be brushed off while bishops and cardinals handle matters privately,” the letter states. “We are the hands, the feet, and the heart of the Church. In short, we are the Church, every bit as much as the cardinals and bishops around you.”Hasson said she was heartened by reports that the Vatican is preparing a response to Vigano’s allegations, describing it as simply “the right thing to do.”“Our Church leaders need to realize that we cannot go back to ‘business as usual,’ absent significant efforts to address the situation,” Hasson said.This article originally appeared on HuffPost.

Public gatherings banned in Zimbabwe capital over cholera-[AFP]-Reagan MASHAVAVE-YAHOONEWS-September 12, 2018

Harare (AFP) - Zimbabwe on Wednesday banned public gatherings in the capital Harare following a cholera outbreak that has claimed at least 21 lives and left hundreds of people ill over the past week.The outbreak, first detected in the township of Glen View outside Harare, has prompted the health ministry to declare an emergency in the city."In light of the declaration of the state of emergency, the police in Harare will not allow any public gatherings," police spokeswoman Charity Charamba said in a statement."The Zimbabwe Republic Police is appealing to members of the public to take heed of the warning and cooperate as this will assist in alleviating the continuous spread of cholera."The ban came ahead of a planned rally by the opposition MDC party on Saturday at which it was due to hold a mock presidential inauguration of party leader Nelson Chamisa, who it claims was denied victory in the July 30 election due to fraud.At least 21 people, including two pupils from the same school, have died over the past week in Harare from cholera and at least 3,000 haven fallen ill from cholera and typhoid, according to the health ministry."We are now at 3,067 cases... The number of deaths has risen to 21," health minister Obadiah Moyo told reporters on Tuesday.One school was closed in Glen View. - Lack of clean water, infrastructure - Chamisa toured a health facility and called on the United Nations to help contain the situation."It's more than just an emergency it is a national disaster," he said.Britain warned people thinking of visiting Harare about the cholera outbreak and urged travellers to learn to recognise symptoms of the disease.Cholera outbreaks have occurred regularly in the city as authorities struggle to provide potable water and sanitation facilities.Informal housing areas without running water have mushroomed and basic infrastructure has collapsed due to years of neglect.Tests on water samples from some wells and boreholes showed the water was contaminated with cholera and typhoid-causing bacteria.Zimbabwe, which was ruled by Robert Mugabe from independence in 1980 until his ousting last year, suffered its worst cholera outbreak in 2008.A total of 4,000 people died and at least 100,000 people fell ill.President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who succeeded Mugabe, has pledged to revive the economy and improve public services."To contain the outbreak and mobilise resources we have declared a state of emergency in Harare, and are working closely with our international partners," Mnangagwa said Wednesday on Twitter.Amnesty International castigated the authorities for failing to invest in and manage basic water, sanitation and health care systems even after the 2008 outbreak."It is appalling that in 2018, people are still dying of such a preventable disease," said Jessica Pwiti, director of Amnesty International Zimbabwe said in a statement."No lessons were learned from the 2008 epidemic and the outbreak and deaths we're seeing now is symptomatic of a still broken-down sanitation infrastructure and poor sewer management, worsened by shortages of drugs and medical supplies."She urged the Mnangagwa administration to "learn from its predecessor's mistakes" and act urgently before more lives are lost.UNICEF advised Zimbabweans to prevent the spread of cholera by regular hand-washing, drinking only safe water, washing food, cooking it throughly, and avoiding shaking hands.

MIGRATING BIRDS IN ISRAEL EATS HUMANS FLESH FOR COMING AGAINST ISRAEL-JERUSALEM

EZEKIEL 39:11-12,18
11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog (RUSSIA/ARAB/MUSLIMS) a place there of graves in Israel, the valley of the passengers (EAST OF THE DEAD SEA IN JORDAN VALLEY) on the east of the sea: and it shall stop the noses of the passengers: and there shall they bury Gog (RUSSIAN) and all his multitude:(ARAB/MUSLIM HORDE) and they shall call it The valley of Hamongog.(BURIEL SITE OF THE 300 MILLION,RUSSIAN/ARAB/MUSLIMS)
12 And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land.(OF ISRAEL)
16 And also the name of the city shall be Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land.(OF THE ISRAEL-GOD HATERS)

EZEKIEL 39:17-21
17  And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood.(OF RUSSIAN/ISLAMIC HORDES AGAINST ISRAEL)
18  Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.
19  And ye shall eat fat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, of my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you.
20  Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord GOD.
21  And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.
22  So the house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God from that day and forward.

REVELATION 19:17-18
17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;(AGAINST ALL NATIONS ARMIES THAT COME AGAINST JERUSALEM AND ISRAEL)
18 That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great.

EZEKIEL 38:1-7
1 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, set thy face against Gog,(RULER) the land of Magog,(RUSSIA) the chief prince of Meshech (MOSCOW) and Tubal,(TOBOLSK) and prophesy against him,
3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog,(LEADER OF RUSSIA) the chief prince of Meshech(MOSCOW) and Tubal:TOBOLSK)
4 And I (GOD) will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws,(GOD FORCES THE RUSSIA-MUSLIMS TO MARCH) and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:
5 Persia,(IRAN,IRAQ) Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:
6 Gomer,(GERMANY) and all his bands; the house of Togarmah (TURKEY) of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.(AFRICAN MUSLIMS,SUDAN,TUNESIA ETC)
7 Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them.

EZEKIEL 39:1-8
1 Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog,(LEADER OF RUSSIA) and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech (MOSCOW) and Tubal: (TUBOLSK)
2 And I will turn thee back,(RUSSIA-ARAB MUSLIM ISRAEL HATERS) and leave but the sixth part of thee,(5/6TH OR 300 MILLION DEAD RUSSIAN/ARAB/MUSLIMS I BELIEVE) and will cause thee to come up from the north parts,(RUSSIA) and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel:
3 And I will smite thy bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand.
4 Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou, and all thy bands,( ARABS) and the people that is with thee: I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured.
5 Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.
6 And I will send a fire on Magog,(NUCLEAR ATOMIC BOMB) and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD.
7 So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel.
8 Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this is the day whereof I have spoken.

Assad used chemical weapons in three attacks this year — UN report-Investigators say chlorine strikes, some of which utilized Iranian artillery, constitute war crimes-By AFP-SEP 12,18

The Syrian government committed war crimes by using chlorine in three attacks against civilians in 2018, UN investigators said in a report released Wednesday.The forces of President Bashar Assad used the banned chemical weapons in attacks on Douma, near Damascus, on January 22 and February 1, as well as in the northern Idlib province on February 4, the report quoted by Reuters said.An unspecified number of civilians were injured in the three attacks, including women and children.“To recapture eastern Ghouta in April, government forces launched numerous indiscriminate attacks in densely populated civilian areas, which included the use of chemical weapons,” it said.“The Commission concludes that, on these two occasions, government forces and or affiliated militias committed the war crimes of using prohibited weapons and launching indiscriminate attacks in civilian-populated areas in eastern Ghouta.”It added that “the munitions documented were built around industrially-produced Iranian artillery rockets known to have been supplied to forces commanded by the government.”In Idlib “Government helicopters dropped at least two barrels carrying chlorine payloads in the Taleel area of Saraqeb.”The report was based on hundreds of interviews with figures on the ground. It brings the number of chemical attacks confirmed to have been committed by Assad’s troops since 2013 to 33. Six more attacks have not been definitively linked to the regime.On Tuesday US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said Assad has been well warned against any chemical weapons use in an anticipated assault on Idlib province.The regime has twice been targeted by US air and missile strikes after previous alleged chemical attacks.US officials have in recent days said additional action would follow if Assad were to use the banned weapons in rebel-held Idlib.“In Idlib, we’re watching very closely what the Assad regime, aided and abetted by the Iranians and the Russians are up to,” Mattis told Pentagon reporters.Pointing to a US missile strike on a Syrian air base in April 2017 after Assad’s jets launched an alleged chemical attack in Idlib, Mattis noted that the Syrian leader had suffered massive losses to his air force.“The first time around, he lost 17 percent of his pointy-nosed air force airplanes,” Mattis said, referring to the unusual nose cones on Russian-built jets. “He’s been warned, and so we’ll see if he’s wised up.”A second strike, in April this year, saw British and French militaries assist the US-led mission.Idlib province and adjacent rural areas form the largest piece of territory still held by Syria’s beleaguered rebels, worn down by a succession of government victories in recent months.Assad has now set his sights on Idlib, and his forces have stepped up bombardment of the densely populated province since the beginning of the month.

PROOF HALF ON EARTH DIE DURING THE 7 YR TRIBULATION PERIOD (8 BILLION ON EARTH)

ISAIAH 66:15-16
15 For, behold, the LORD will come with fire,(NUKES) and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire.
16 For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.

ISAIAH 26:21
21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity:(GOD/ISRAEL HATE AND BRAKING OF HIS COMMANDMENTS) the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.(WW3,1/2 earths population die - 4 BILLION).

ISAIAH 13:6-13 KJV
6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty.
7 Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt:(FROM FRIGHT)
8 And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces shall be as flames.
9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.

REVELATION 6:7-8 (8 BILLION- 2 BILLION = 6 BILLION)
7 And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see.
8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse:(CHLORES GREEN) and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth,(2 BILLION) to kill with sword,(WEAPONS) and with hunger,(FAMINE) and with death,(INCURABLE DISEASES) and with the beasts of the earth.(ANIMAL TO HUMAN DISEASE).

REVELATION 9:15,18 (6 BILLION - 2 BILLION = 4 BILLION)
15 And the four(DEMONIC WAR) angels were loosed,
18 By these three was the third part of men killed,(2 BILLION) by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.(NUCLEAR ATOMIC BOMBS)

HALF OF EARTHS POPULATION DIE DURING THE 7 YR TRIBULATION.(THESE VERSES ARE JUDGEMENT SCRIPTURES NOT RAPTURE SCRIPTURES)

LUKE 17:34-37 (8 TOTAL BILLION - 4 BILLION DEAD IN TRIB = 4 BILLION TO JESUS KINGDOM) (HALF DIE DURING THE 7 YR TRIBULATION PERIOD JUST LIKE THE BIBLE SAYS)(GOD DOES NOT LIE)(AND NOTICE MOST DIE IN WAR AND DISEASES-NOT COMETS-ASTEROIDS-QUAKES OR TSUNAMIS)
34 I tell you, in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other shall be left.(half earths population 4 billion die in the 7 yr trib)
35 Two women shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other left.
36 Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other left.
37 And they answered and said unto him, Where, Lord? And he said unto them, Wheresoever the body is, thither will the eagles be gathered together.(Christians have new bodies,this is the people against Jerusalem during the 7 yr treaty)(Christians bodies are not being eaten by the birds).THESE ARE JUDGEMENT SCRIPTURES-NOT RAPTURE SCRIPTURES.BECAUSE NOT HALF OF PEOPLE ON EARTH ARE CHRISTIANS.AND THE CONTEXT IN LUKE 17 IS THE 7 YEAR TRIBULATION OR 7 YR TREATY PERIOD.WHICH IS JUDGEMENT ON THE EARTH.NOT 50% RAPTURED TO HEAVEN.

MATTHEW 24:37-42 (THESE ARE JUDGEMENT SCRIPTURES-SURE NOT RAPTURE SCRIPTURES)
37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark,
39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other left.
41 Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other left.
42 Watch therefore:(FOR THE LAST DAYS SIGNS HAPPENING) for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.

Senior minister threatens Iran with attack if it continues nuclear development-Israel Katz says Islamic Republic had better accede to Trump’s demands or face ‘direct threat from the US and its allies’-By AP and TOI staff-SEP 12,18

If Iran chooses to continue pursuing a nuclear program it will face a “military” response, Intelligence Minister Israel Katz warned Wednesday.Katz was responding to the Iranian nuclear chief’s statement that the Islamic Republic’s program stands ready to build advanced centrifuges and further enrich uranium.Ali Akbar Salehi told The Associated Press on Tuesday that Iran wouldn’t be deterred by US President Donald Trump’s sanctions and withdrawal from the global nuclear deal.But Katz said that if Iran presses forward it will face a “direct threat from the United States and its allies.”The US withdrawal from the deal in May has already badly shaken Iran’s economy, crashing its currency, the rial. Katz said Iran could either cave to Trump’s demands or watch its economy collapse.Salehi had said he hoped the atomic deal would survive, but warned the program would be in a stronger position than ever if not.In a veiled threat to Israel, Salehi said the consequences would be “harsh” if there were any new attacks targeting Iran’s nuclear scientists. A string of bombings, blamed on Israel, targeted a number of scientists beginning in 2010, at the height of Western concerns over Iran’s program.Israel never claimed responsibility for the attacks on the scientists, though Israeli officials have boasted in the past about the reach of the country’s intelligence services. “I hope that they will not commit a similar mistake again because the consequences would be, I think, harsh,” Salehi warned.Israel earlier this year removed tens of thousands of documents and other materials from Iran’s secret nuclear weapons program archive, stealing them from under the regime’s nose in a Mossad operation in Tehran. The material proved that Iran lied when claiming it was not seeking to build a nuclear weapons arsenal, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said, and showed that it intends to resume its nuclear weapons program if it can.Salehi also said that Trump’s decision to withdraw America from the 2015 accord “puts him on the loser’s side” of history. He added, “That deal could have paved the way for building the trust and the confidence that we had lost.”The 2015 accord, struck under then-president Barack Obama’s administration, saw Iran agree to limit its enrichment of uranium in exchange for the lifting of crippling economic sanctions.Salehi also spoke about Iran’s efforts to build a new facility at Natanz’s uranium enrichment center that will produce more advanced centrifuges. Those devices enrich uranium by rapidly spinning uranium hexafluoride gas.For now, the nuclear accord limits Iran to using a limited number of an older model, called IR-1s.The new facility will allow Iran to build versions called the IR-2M, IR-4 and IR-6. The IR-2M and the IR-4 can enrich uranium five times faster than an IR-1, while the IR-6 can do it 10 times faster, Salehi said. Western experts have suggested these centrifuges produce three to five times more enriched uranium in a year than the IR-1s.While building the facility doesn’t violate the nuclear deal, mass production of advanced centrifuges would. Salehi, however, said that wasn’t immediately a plan.“This does not mean that we are going to produce these centrifuges now. This is just a preparation,” he said. “In case Iran decides to start producing in mass production such centrifuges, (we) would be ready for that.”Salehi suggested that if the nuclear deal fell apart, Iran would react in stages. He suggested one step may be uranium enrichment going to “20 percent because this is our need.” He also suggested Iran could increase its stockpile of enriched uranium. Any withdrawal ultimately would be approved by Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.While the UN repeatedly has verified Iran’s compliance with the deal, Trump campaigned on a promise to tear it up. In May, he withdrew the US in part because he said the deal wasn’t permanent and didn’t address Iran’s ballistic missile program and its influence across the wider Middle East. But Trump meanwhile has tweeted he’d accept talks without preconditions with Tehran.Asked what he personally would tell Trump if he had the chance, Salehi chuckled and said: “I certainly would tell him he has made the wrong move on Iran.”

Putin says North Korea doing a lot to disarm but Washington not responding-[Reuters]-YAHOONEWS-September 12, 2018

VLADIVOSTOK, Russia (Reuters) - Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Wednesday that North Korea was taking a lot of steps toward denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula but Washington was not responding and was making endless demands for full disarmament instead.Washington and Pyongyang have been discussing North Korea's nuclear program since their leaders met in Singapore in June, though that summit's outcome was criticized for being short on details about how and whether North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was willing to give up weapons that threaten the United States.Putin, speaking at an economic forum in the Russian port city of Vladivostok, said Pyongyang had taken positive steps and was now waiting for a response. He said it was counter-productive if one side did a lot and the other did nothing."If North Korea does something toward denuclearization it expects reciprocal steps and not endless demands for full disarmament," said Putin.Putin said it was also important that North Korea received international guarantees about its own security and said Kim Jong Un was welcome to visit Russia at any time that was convenient for him.The White House said on Monday that U.S. President Donald Trump had received a letter from Kim Jong Un asking for a second meeting.(Reporting by Denis Pinchuk, Polina Nikolskaya and Vladimir Soldatkin; Writing by Andrew Osborn; Editing by Matthew Mpoke Bigg)

EARTH DESTROYED WITH THE EARTH IN NOAHS DAY(BECAUSE OF SIN,VIOLENCE AND GODLESS PEOPLE)

GENESIS 6:11-13
11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.(WORLD TERRORISM,MURDERS)(HAMAS IN HEBREW IS VIOLENCE)
12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence (TERRORISM)(HAMAS) through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

HOSEA 4:1-3
1 Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.
2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
3 Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.

DEUTORONOMY 28:22-24
22  The LORD shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish.
23  And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.
24  The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.

STORMS HURRICANES-TORNADOES

LUKE 21:25-26
25 And there shall be signs in the sun,(HEATING UP-SOLAR ECLIPSES) and in the moon,(MAN ON MOON-LUNAR ECLIPSES) and in the stars;(ASTEROIDS ETC) and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity;(MASS CONFUSION) the sea and the waves roaring;(FIERCE WINDS)
26 Men’s hearts failing them for fear,(TORNADOES,HURRICANES,STORMS) and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth:(DESTRUCTION) for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.(FROM QUAKES,NUKES ETC)

THE FIRST JUDGEMENT OF THE EARTH STARTED WITH WATER-IT ONLY MAKES SENSE THE LAST GENERATION WILL BE HAVING FLOODING
GENESIS 7:6-12
6 And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth.
7 And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.
8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, and of fowls, and of every thing that creepeth upon the earth,
9 There went in two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had commanded Noah.
10 And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.
11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.
12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
GOD PROMISED BY A RAINBOW-THE EARTH WOULD NEVER BE DESTROYED TOTALLY WITH A FLOOD AGAIN.BUT FLOODIING IS A SIGN OF JUDGEMENT.

FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS

REVELATION 8:7
7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

Residents told to ‘get out now’ as Florence takes aim at Carolinas-As fleeing cars fill state highways, North Carolina governor warns residents the approaching hurricane ‘is not a storm people need to ride out’-By Sebastien duval and Leila Macor-TOI-SEP 12,18

WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH, North Carolina (AFP) — Highways clogged with people fleeing North and South Carolina early Wednesday as monstrous Category 4 Hurricane Florence rumbled toward the eastern US as the biggest storm there in decades.While many coastal residents heeded mandatory evacuation orders, others boarded up homes and businesses and chose to brave the storm, which is forecast to trigger severe flash flooding as it dumps as many as three feet (almost a meter) of rain in some areas. Life-threatening storm surges of up to a staggering 13 feet in some places were also forecast.North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper warned that staying put would be a grave mistake and said people in evacuation zones “need to get out now.”“This is not a storm that people need to ride out,” Cooper told reporters. “This is a storm that is historic, maybe once in a lifetime.”Up to 1.7 million people in North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia have been given voluntary or mandatory evacuation orders, according to emergency management officials, as the storm churned across the Atlantic Ocean towards the coast.The eastbound lanes of several major highways have been shut down to allow for a smooth flow of traffic inland.“We are already experiencing heavily impacted traffic on some of the evacuation routes,” said Jeff Byard, the associate administrator for response and recovery at the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).Forecasters are predicting that Florence will make landfall in the Carolinas late Thursday or early Friday as a still powerful Category 3 hurricane.As of 5:00 am (1100 GMT), Florence was a dangerous Category 4 hurricane packing sustained winds of 130 miles per hour (220 kilometers per hour), the Miami-based National Hurricane Center (NHC) said.It was located 575 miles (925 kms) east-southeast of Cape Fear, North Carolina, and moving at 17 mph (28 kph) in a west-northwest direction.Briefing from the Oval Office, President Donald Trump urged people to heed orders to evacuate, saying “if you are asked to leave, get out.”“This will be a storm that’s going to be far larger than we have seen in perhaps decades,” Trump said.Speaking in the Oval Office alongside Trump, FEMA administrator Brock Long said Florence may be a “very devastating storm.”“The power will be off for weeks,” Long said. “You’re going to be displaced from your home in coastal areas. There will be flooding in inland areas as well.”Byard, the FEMA official, said “this storm is not going to be a glancing blow.”“This storm is going to be a direct hit.”“Hurricane Florence is the strongest storm to target the Carolinas and this part of our country in decades,” Byard said.The NHC said Florence is expected to be an “extremely dangerous major hurricane” when it makes landfall in the Carolinas late Thursday or early Friday, bringing life-threatening storm surge to coastal areas.A state of emergency has been declared in Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and Washington amid concern over potential torrential rain and flooding.The last time the US capital declared a state of emergency was in January 2016 when a winter storm dubbed “Snowzilla” blanketed the capital region in knee-deep snow.In Charleston, South Carolina, some residents were making preparations to leave Tuesday while others planned to ride out the storm.Streets were quiet with schools and many offices and businesses closed.Michael Kennedy, an engineer at Boeing, said he planned to leave on Tuesday for his parents’ home in Atlanta, Georgia.But his partner, Emily Whisler, said she will remain behind at the university where she is a resident in the psychiatry program.“They told me to bring a pillow and blanket,” Whisler said. “I’ll be living there for a few days.”Charleston, resident William Belli said he would not be among those joining the exodus.“Been through it!” Belli said, referring to Hurricane Hugo, which caused widespread damage in South Carolina in 1989. “Not worried in the least.”Walking his dog along empty streets, Belli said he’s well stocked with food and water.“I will enjoy the quiet,” he said.South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster on Monday ordered the mandatory evacuation of one million coastal residents. Schools in 26 of the state’s 46 counties were ordered closed from Tuesday.Cooper, the governor of neighboring North Carolina, ordered an evacuation of the Outer Banks, barrier islands that are a popular tourist destination, and parts of coastal Dare County.In Virginia, 245,000 coastal residents were ordered to evacuate including from the Eastern Shore, another popular beachfront destination.In neighboring Maryland, Governor Larry Hogan said his state was readying for potentially “historic and catastrophic rainfall, life-threatening flooding, and high winds.”On the five-level Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale Florence is a Category 4, meaning it is capable of causing “catastrophic damage.”By Saturday, total rainfall could accumulate to 20 inches (51 centimeters) — or even 30 inches in places — in parts of the Carolinas and Virginia, the NHC said.Fort AP Hill and Fort Bragg were selected as FEMA Incident Support and Federal Staging Area to assist in the response, the army said.The Virginia National Guard is planning to initially bring up to 1,500 soldiers and airmen to offer help in the state’s response operations.Some 7,000 guard members are ready to mobilize in North Carolina, while 1,100 will be activated in South Carolina.At this height of the Atlantic hurricane season, Florence was being trailed on east-to-west paths by two other storms, Hurricane Helene and Tropical Storm Isaac, but neither packs the deadly punch of Florence.

Monster' Hurricane Florence to pummel U.S. Southeast for days-[Reuters]-By Ernest ScheyderYAHOONEWS-September 13, 2018

WILMINGTON, N.C. (Reuters) - Hurricane Florence, on track to become the first Category 4 storm to make a direct hit on North Carolina in six decades, howled closer to shore on Tuesday, threatening to unleash deadly pounding surf, days of torrential rain and severe flooding.Fierce winds and massive waves are expected to lash the coasts of North and South Carolina and Virginia even before Florence makes landfall by early Friday, bringing a storm surge as much as 13 feet (4 meters), the National Hurricane Center in Miami warned. Catastrophic floods could follow if the storm stalls inland, it said.Although Florence was still days from arrival, authorities took extraordinary measures to move people out of harm's way. More than 1 million residents have been ordered to evacuate from the coastline of the three states, while university campuses, schools and factories were being shuttered.The U.S. Coast Guard closed ports in Wilmington and Morehead City, North Carolina and Hampton Roads, Virginia to inbound vessels greater than 500 tons and was requiring vessels of that size to leave if they did not have permission to be in the ports.Packing maximum sustained winds of 140 miles per hour (225 km per hour), the storm ranked as a Category 4 on the five-step Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale and was expected to grow stronger and larger over the next few days, the NHC said."This storm is a monster," North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper said. "Even if you've ridden out storms before, this one is different. Don't bet your life on riding out a monster."He cited forecasts showing Florence was likely to stall over North Carolina, "bringing days and days of rain."To hasten evacuations from coastal South Carolina, officials reversed the flow of traffic on some highways so all major roads led away from shore.Kathleen O'Neal, a resident of Ocracoke Island in North Carolina's Barrier Islands, said she, her husband and son would ride out the storm. "A lot of local people are staying," she said of the island, which is reachable only by ferry or plane.LONG-TERM POWER OUTAGES POSSIBLE-Maps of Florence's trajectory showed its center most likely to strike the southern coast of North Carolina. The last Category 4 hurricane to plow directly into North Carolina was Hazel in 1954, a devastating storm that killed 19 people and destroyed some 15,000 homes.NHC forecasts showed the effects of Florence would be widely felt, with tropical storm-force winds extending nearly 300 miles across three states. A hurricane warning was posted for most of the Carolina coast north to the Virginia border.In addition to wind-driven storm surges of seawater, Florence could dump up to 35 inches (89 cm) in some spots as it moves inland, forecasters said.Communities in Florence's path could lose electricity for weeks due to downed power lines and flooded equipment, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Administrator Brock Long said.Utilities deployed crews and gear in advance, with workers en route to the region from at least 15 states, according to trade group, the Edison Electric Institute.Crews also prepared 16 nuclear reactors in the three-state region for the storm. One power station, Duke Energy Corp's Brunswick plant, the closest to the area where landfall is forecast, faced a likely shutdown as a precaution. Shutdowns also were possible at two more plants in the path of predicted hurricane-force winds.The American Red Cross said more than 700 workers were headed to the region while shelters were set up to house those unable to flee. A hospital in Hampton, Virginia, was transferring patients to safer places.U.S. President Donald Trump on Tuesday signed declarations of emergency for North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia, freeing up federal resources for storm response."We are sparing no expense. We are totally prepared," Trump said at the White House.Trump faced severe criticism for his administration's response to Hurricane Maria last year in Puerto Rico. Some 3,000 people died in the aftermath of that storm.COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS-Days before its arrival, Florence was already disrupting commercial operations.Boeing Co suspended work on Tuesday at the South Carolina plant where it assembles 787 widebody jetliners, and a Volvo automobile plant in South Carolina's evacuation zone was also closed, company officials said.Smithfield Foods Inc [SFII.UL] said it would shut down the world's largest hog-slaughtering facility in Tar Heel, North Carolina, on Thursday and Friday due to the hurricane.Residents prepared by boarding up their homes and stocking up on food, water and other essentials, stripping grocery store shelves of merchandise. Many gasoline stations were running low on fuel."I'm scared we'll get 30 inches or more of rain," said Carol Trojniar, 69, a longtime Wilmington resident and retired real estate agent who has never experienced a Category 4 hurricane. "What is flooding going to do to our home, our city?"Trojniar said she and her husband were packing up belongings and plan to stack sandbags around their single-floor home in Wilmington's eerily named Landfall neighborhood near the ocean before checking into a hotel to ride out the storm, with plenty of wine."Where else can we go? If we try to leave, we'll just get stuck in the rain," she said.(Reporting by Ernest Scheyder; Additional reporting by Anna Driver in Holden Beach, North Carolina, Gene Cherry in Raleigh, North Carolina, Liz Hampton in Houston, Susan Heavey in Washington, Bernie Woodall in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Scott DiSavino and Alden Bentley in New York, Nichola Groom and Alex Dobzinskis in Los Angeles and Brendan O'Brien in Milwaukee; Writing by Nick Zieminski, Bill Trott and Steve Gorman; Editing by Bill Tarrant, Lisa Shumaker and Michael Perry)

WORLD POWERS IN THE LAST DAYS (END OF AGE OF GRACE NOT THE WORLD)

EUROPEAN UNION-KING OF WEST-DAN 9:26-27,DAN 7:23-24,DAN 11:40,REV 13:1-10
EGYPT-KING OF THE SOUTH-DAN 11:40
RUSSIA-KING OF THE NORTH-EZEK 38:1-2,EZEK 39:1-3
CHINA-KING OF THE EAST-DAN 11:44,REV 9:16,18
VATICAN-RELIGIOUS LEADER-REV 13:11-18,REV 17:4-5,9,18

WORLD TERRORISM

OH BY THE WAY WHEN THE MEDIA SAYS ALLU-AK-BAR MEANS GOD IS GREAT LIE. IN ISLAM ALLU-AK-BAR MEANS OUR GOD IS GREATER OR GREATEST. THIS IS HOW THE MEDIA SUCK HOLES UP TO ISLAMIC-QURANIC-MUSLIMS. BY WATERING DOWN THE REAL MEANING OF THE SEX FOR MURDER DEATH CULT ISLAM. TO MAKE IT SOUND LIKE A PEACEFUL RELIGION (CULT OF DEATH AND WORLD DOMINATION).

GENESIS 6:11-13
11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.(WORLD TERRORISM,MURDERS)(HAMAS IN HEBREW IS VIOLENCE)
12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence (TERRORISM)(HAMAS) through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

GENESIS 16:11-12
11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her,(HAGAR) Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael;(FATHER OF THE ARAB/MUSLIMS) because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.
12 And he (ISHMAEL-FATHER OF THE ARAB-MUSLIMS) will be a wild (DONKEY-JACKASS) man;(ISLAM IS A FAKE AND DANGEROUS SEX FOR MURDER CULT) his hand will be against every man,(ISLAM HATES EVERYONE) and every man's hand against him;(PROTECTING THEMSELVES FROM BEING BEHEADED) and he (ISHMAEL ARAB/MUSLIM) shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.(LITERAL-THE ARABS LIVE WITH THEIR BRETHERN JEWS)

ISAIAH 14:12-14
12  How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer,(SATAN) son of the morning!(HEBREW-CRECENT MOON-ISLAM) how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
13  For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
14  I (SATAN HAS EYE TROUBLES) will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.(AND 1/3RD OF THE ANGELS OF HEAVEN FELL WITH SATAN AND BECAME DEMONS)

JOHN 16:2
2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.(ISLAM MURDERS IN THE NAME OF MOON GOD ALLAH OF ISLAM)

Swedish court nixes deportation of Palestinian synagogue attacker-Appellate court says assailant cannot be returned to West Bank because anti-Semitic nature of attack could put him in danger from Israel-By TOI staff    Today-SEP 12,18

A Swedish court of appeals on Wednesday overturned a deportation order against a Palestinian man who firebombed a synagogue, saying he would be in danger from Israel because of his crime if returned to the Palestinian Authority.The ruling by the Court of Appeals for Western Sweden was on a motion filed by one of the three migrants convicted of hurling Molotov cocktails at a synagogue in Gothenburg last year in the wake of the US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.In June, the Gothenburg District Court determined that the two Palestinians and one Syrian had “violate[d] an ethnic group because of its beliefs,” and sentenced them to jail terms between  one and two years for the arson attack.The court also ordered one of the Palestinian defendants, who was in Sweden on an asylum seeker visa, to be deported back to the PA after completing his two-year sentence. The other two perpetrators, who reportedly had Swedish residency permits, were not ordered deported by the court.But on Wednesday, the SVT broadcaster reported that the deportation order was overturned on appeal since the perpetrator “could be perceived as a threat to other Jews,” and that Israel “might be interested in the matter.” In his decision, the judge said that Sweden “cannot safeguard the man’s fundamental human rights if he is deported to Palestine.”A few days after US President Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as the Israeli capital last December, a dozen people threw multiple burning objects at the synagogue in Gothenburg, Sweden’s second-largest city.Some 20 Jewish teens participating in a celebration briefly took shelter in a cellar during the attack, but no one was injured, and minor damage to the building was caused.The attack, which was classified as a hate crime, was caught on surveillance cameras, leading to the arrests of the Palestinians and Syrian.There are around 20,000 Jews living in Sweden, according to the Official Council of Swedish Jewish Communities.The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention says there have been between 150 and 280 anti-Semitic acts, including threats, insults and violence, each year in the past decade.JTA contributed to this report.

Rockets fired near airport in Tripoli, ISIS claims attack on oil company-[Reuters]-YAHOONEWS-September 12, 2018

TRIPOLI (Reuters) - Rockets were fired late on Tuesday in the direction of the airport in Libya's capital, residents said, forcing flights to be diverted, less than a week after the United Nations brokered a fragile truce between rival armed groups in Tripoli.A spokesman for a faction controlling Matiga airport, the only one functioning in the capital, said there were no casualties or damage. Libyan channels reported that several people had been wounded by the rockets, one of which landed in the Mediterranean sea.Rival groups have been fighting in Tripoli for several days but clashes had been focused on the south of the city. Matiga airport lies in an eastern suburb.A Libyan Airlines flight bound for Tripoli from Alexandria, Egypt, was diverted to Misrata, the airport said on its Facebook page. Misrata lies about 190 km (120 miles) east of Tripoli.A spokesman for Misrata airport said that all flights bound for Tripoli would be diverted to Misrata.Separately, Islamic State claimed responsibility for a shooting attack on the headquarters of Libyan state oil company NOC in Tripoli, the jihadist group's news agency said on Tuesday.The attack on Monday killed two NOC staff and wounded 10, said officials, who had described the three shooters who were also killed as "Africans."It targeted the "economic interests of oppressing governments funding crusaders," a statement carried on the militants' Amaq news agency said.It was the first attack of its kind against the leadership of Libya's state oil industry.Libya has been divided into rival administrations but NOC has continued to function relatively normally across the country, which relies on oil exports for most of its income.Militants loyal to Islamic State have previously carried out attacks in Tripoli and other towns, despite having lost their stronghold in the central city of Sirte late in 2016.In May, Islamic State claimed a deadly attack on the national election commission offices in Tripoli.(Reporting by Ahmed Elumami, Hani Amara and Ulf Laessing; Writing by Ulf Laessing; Editing by Chris Reese, Toni Reinhold)

U.N. chief pushes for protection of civilians in Syria's Idlib-[Reuters]-By Michelle Nichols-YAHOONEWS-September 12, 2018

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Tuesday appealed to Russia, Iran and Turkey to "spare no effort to find solutions that protect civilians" in Syria's Idlib and said it was "absolutely essential" a full-scale battle was avoided."This would unleash a humanitarian nightmare unlike any seen in the blood-soaked Syrian conflict," he told reporters.An estimated 3 million people live in Idlib - the last major stronghold of active opposition to President Bashar al-Assad. The U.N. has described it as a "dumping ground" for people evacuated and displaced from elsewhere in Syria during the seven-year war.Assad has vowed to retake the region, backed by his Russian and Iranian allies. Syrian government and Russian warplanes began air strikes in Idlib last week in a possible prelude to a full-scale offensive. They say they are targeting terrorist groups."I understand that the present situation in Idlib is not sustainable and the presence of terrorist groups cannot be tolerated. But fighting terrorism does not absolve warring parties of their core obligations under international law," said Guterres.Senior officials from Russia, Iran and Turkey met with U.N. Syria envoy Staffan de Mistura in Geneva on Tuesday. The presidents of Turkey, Iran and Russia met in Tehran on Friday but failed to agree on a ceasefire in Idlib.Russia briefed the 15-member U.N. Security Council on Tuesday on the Tehran meeting, which was held as part of the so-called Astana process."Russia, Iran and Assad are demolishing Idlib and asking us to call it peace. But here's the reality: Astana has failed. It has failed to stop the violence or to promote a political solution," U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley said.(Reporting by Michelle Nichols; editing by Diane Craft and Cynthia Osterman)

          PENCE IM CONFIDENT THE TRUMP HATER MOLE SEWER RAT LIBERAL IS NOT FROM MY STAFF.      Cache   Translate Page      
JEWISH KING JESUS IS COMING AT THE RAPTURE FOR US IN THE CLOUDS-DON'T MISS IT FOR THE WORLD.THE BIBLE TAKEN LITERALLY- WHEN THE PLAIN SENSE MAKES GOOD SENSE-SEEK NO OTHER SENSE-LEST YOU END UP IN NONSENSE.GET SAVED NOW- CALL ON JESUS TODAY.THE ONLY SAVIOR OF THE WHOLE EARTH - NO OTHER. 1 COR 15:23-JESUS THE FIRST FRUITS-CHRISTIANS RAPTURED TO JESUS-FIRST FRUITS OF THE SPIRIT-23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.ROMANS 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.(THE PRE-TRIB RAPTURE)

LUKE 21:28-29
28 And when these things begin to come to pass,(ALL THE PROPHECY SIGNS FROM THE BIBLE) then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption (RAPTURE) draweth nigh.
29 And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree,(ISRAEL) and all the trees;(ALL INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES)
30 When they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your own selves that summer is now nigh at hand.(ISRAEL LITERALLY BECAME AND INDEPENDENT COUNTRY JUST BEFORE SUMMER IN MAY 14,1948.)

JOEL 2:3,30
3 A fire devoureth (ATOMIC BOMB) before them;(RUSSIAN-ARAB-MUSLIM ARMIES AGAINST ISRAEL) and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.(ATOMIC BOMB AFFECT)

ZECHARIAH 14:12-13
12 And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet,(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB) and their eyes shall consume away in their holes,(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB) and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB)(BECAUSE NUKES HAVE BEEN USED ON ISRAELS ENEMIES)(GOD PROTECTS ISRAEL AND ALWAYS WILL)
13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.(1/2-3 BILLION DIE IN WW3)(THIS IS AN ATOMIC BOMB EFFECT)

EZEKIEL 20:47
47 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein.

ZEPHANIAH 1:18
18 Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.

MALACHI 4:1
1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven;(FROM ATOMIC BOMBS) and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.

And here are the bounderies of the land that Israel will inherit either through war or peace or God in the future. God says its Israels land and only Israels land. They will have every inch God promised them of this land in the future.
Egypt east of the Nile River, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, The southern part of Turkey and the Western Half of Iraq west of the Euphrates. Gen 13:14-15, Psm 105:9,11, Gen 15:18, Exe 23:31, Num 34:1-12, Josh 1:4.ALL THIS LAND ISRAEL WILL DEFINATELY OWN IN THE FUTURE, ITS ISRAELS NOT ISHMAELS LAND.12 TRIBES INHERIT LAND IN THE FUTURE

New York subway station buried by 9/11 open again-Commuters cheer as trains roll into the Cortlandt Street stop for the first time since the September 11 terror attacks-By AFP-TOI-SEP 11,18

NEW YORK — Just days before the anniversary of the September 11 attacks, trains are once again running through a New York City subway station buried when the Twin Towers fell 17 years ago.People cheered, clapped and held their phones up to record the event as a train rolled to a stop, video footage from the subway station showed.The Cortlandt stop reopened on Saturday on the Number One line in what The New York Times described as “the last major piece in the city’s quest to rebuild what was lost.”The station was under the World Trade Center, whose twin towers collapsed in flames after being struck by airliners commandeered by Al-Qaeda terrorists.World Trade Centre Cortlandt station in Lower Manhattan has reopened for the first time in 17 years. It was devastated by the September 11th attacks. The new design features a sombre mosaic quoting the Declaration of Independence and the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights pic.twitter.com/8dmwjppz0q— GTA Transit Helper (@TransitHelper) September 9, 2018-The Metropolitan Transportation Authority began rebuilding the stop in 2015, the Times reported.The 9/11 attacks claimed nearly 3,000 lives in the United States and led to the launch of deadly, long-running wars in Iraq and Afghanistan — countries that remain plagued by violence and instability to this day.The new WTC Cortlandt station on the 1 line is now open to the public. It’s fully accessible, has fewer columns for easier customer flow, and is also air-tempered to keep you cooler on hot days. pic.twitter.com/A5DaiBb06w— NYCT Subway (@NYCTSubway) September 8, 2018-

CBS chief executive Moonves quits over sexual misconduct claims-Network deducting $20 million from disgraced CEO’s severance package for donation to the #MeToo movement-By Jennie Matthew-TOI-SEP 11,18

NEW YORK — US television giant CBS announced Sunday the immediate departure of powerful CEO Leslie Moonves, one of the biggest scalps in the #MeToo era, following a slew of escalating sexual misconduct allegations.Moonves, who transformed the corporation into the most watched television network in the country, was one of the most respected executives in Hollywood until he was first publicly accused.Two articles published by The New Yorker — on July 27 and on the day that his departure was announced — detailed allegations against the 68-year-old television titan from 12 different women.CBS subsequently declared that he would depart as chairman, president and CEO “effective immediately,” and that he and the network would donate $20 million to supporting the #MeToo movement and equality for women in the workplace.“The donation, which will be made immediately, has been deducted from any severance benefits that may be due Moonves,” CBS said.The disgraced CEO will not receive any compensation, pending the results of an investigation into the allegations against him being conducted by two blue-chip law firms, the corporation announced.“Any payments to be made in the future will depend upon the results of the independent investigation and subsequent board evaluation,” CBS announced in a statement.Moonves’s departure had been widely expected, with US media reporting that the terms of his exit had been under negotiation for weeks, and a deal had been anticipated before markets open Monday.-Police report-At least one report had suggested that he could get a golden handshake of $100 million in stock.One of his accusers, Jessica Pallingston, told the Pulitzer-winning journalist Ronan Farrow, who broke the allegations against Moonves in The New Yorker, that such a payoff would be “completely disgusting.”CBS announced that chief operating officer Joseph Ianniello will be president and acting CEO, overseeing all operations of the company, while the board searches for a permanent successor.Along with Moonves’s departure, CBS said it had agreet to settle a lawsuit with National Amusements pending in Delaware that would appoint six new independent directors to the board.The deal upheld the control of the Redstone family, whose members control an 80 percent voting stake in CBS, who agreed to drop — for at least two years — a proposed merger with the Viacom group.In July, Farrow’s first bombshell report detailed sexual harassment allegations from six women and complaints from dozens of others about a culture within the company tolerating sexual misconduct.While CBS appointed a team of lawyers to investigate, there was outrage from some advocates that Moonves was kept on the job.On Sunday, The New Yorker published allegations from another six women, who said that Moonves sexually harassed or assaulted them between 1980 and the early 2000s.They included claims that Moonves forced them into perform oral sex, exposed himself to them without their consent, and that he used physical violence and intimidation against them. Some of them also said Moonves retaliated after being rebuffed, damaging their careers.One of the women, television executive Phyllis Golden-Gottlieb, filed a criminal complaint last year with Los Angeles police. The New Yorker said that while police found her allegations “credible” the alleged incidents happened too long ago to prosecute.-Moonves denial-Moonves told the magazine that three of the encounters were consensual.“I have never used my position to hinder the advancement or careers of women,” he said.“In my 40 years of work, I have never before heard of such disturbing accusations. I can only surmise they are surfacing now for the first time, decades later, as part of a concerted effort by others to destroy my name, my reputation and my career.”Since joining CBS in 1995, Moonves transformed the corporation into the most watched television network in the country and one of the media industry’s best-performing businesses.He was promoted to president and CEO of CBS Television in 1998, and became chairman in 2003.Moonves worked previously at Warner Bros. Television, where his team developed hit shows such as “Friends” and “ER.”A one-time actor, he is father to four children. His second wife Julie Chen stood by him after the accusations first surfaced.Farrow shared a Pulitzer Prize with The New York Times for his reporting on Harvey Weinstein, which galvanized the #MeToo movement to quash pervasive sexual harassment in showbiz and other industries.Earlier this year, he uncovered allegations of physical assault that forced New York state prosecutor Eric Schneiderman to resign.

Memorial for 9/11 victims to chime an ‘everlasting concert by our heroes’-Dedication comes nearly 17 years after passengers and crew on hijacked Flight 93 fought back against terrorists who then crashed the jetliner into a Pennsylvania field-By MARK SCOLFORO-TOI-SEP 11,18

SHANKSVILLE, Pa. (AP) — The heroism of airline passengers and crew who died when hijackers crashed their plane into a Pennsylvania field was remembered Sunday with the dedication of a concrete-and-steel tower that will ring with wind chimes for every one of them at the spot where they fell to earth.Relatives of the 40 people killed during the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, helped ring eight of what will eventually be 40 aluminum chimes at the Flight 93 National Memorial site, and former Gov. Tom Ridge said the Tower of Voices will be “an everlasting concert by our heroes.”The dedication occurred nearly 17 years after passengers on the hijacked flight from New Jersey to California fought back against a band of terrorists who then crashed the jetliner into a rural field. Officials concluded the terrorists were aiming the Boeing 757 toward Washington, to be used as an enormous airborne weapon.It was “the day that lives were lost so that other lives were saved. And heroes were made over the skies of Shanksville,” said Ridge, who served as the first secretary of the Homeland Security Department when it was created after 9/11.The roughly 93-foot (28-meter) structure represents the final phase of the Flight 93 National Memorial. Each chime generates a distinctive sound, and rows of trees that ring the site symbolize sound waves.“Together their voices will ring out into perpetuity, with this beautiful Somerset County, Pennsylvania, wind,” park Superintendent Stephen Clark said.The national park at a the crash site, about 2 miles (3 kilometers) north of Shanksville, also includes a memorial plaza, dedicated on the 10th anniversary in 2011, and a visitor’s center that opened three years ago.As a cold, driving rain pelted the hills, memorial architect Paul Murdoch spoke of the plan, which uses the wind to activate the chimes. The remaining chimes are expected to be installed in the coming weeks.“These chimes respond to unanswered cries of voices not spoken again, but remembered in the vibrations of a monumental tower” Murdoch said.They range from 5 to 10 feet (1.5 to 3 meters) long, weigh as much as 150 pounds (68 kilograms) and are tuned.Nearly 3,000 people died in the Sept. 11 attacks, when terrorists seized control of four planes. They flew two of them into the World Trade Center skyscrapers in New York and the fourth into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just across the Potomac River from Washington, DC.“These guys are the real heroes,” said retired truck driver Stefan Robbins, visiting the memorial from Lexington, Kentucky. “They didn’t sign up — they’re not a cop, they’re not a firefighter.”The Flight 93 passengers learned in mid-flight they had been hijacked and responded heroically, declaring “let’s roll” as they confronted their adversaries inside the plane.Thirteen passengers on the plane made a combined 37 phone calls during the attack, getting information about the other three hijackings and crashes.“When they learned that, it galvanized them as a group,” Clark said. “They said, ‘We’re not going back to any airport. This is a suicide mission.'”As some passengers apparently tried to storm the cabin, the hijacker at the controls then rolled the plane, trying to throw them off balance, before the aircraft became inverted and crashed at 563 mph (906 kph) on the edge of a reclaimed strip mine at 10:30 a.m.The impact ignited about 100 hemlock trees. Hemlocks are used as symbols throughout the memorial’s design, including the tower.A 17-ton (15-metric ton) sandstone marks the impact site, located within a 44-acre (17.8-hectare) fenced-off area of the field where crash debris landed, referred to as the “sacred ground.” Access to that part of the park is limited to family members of the passengers and crew. Four 40-foot (12.2-meter) containers of remaining debris from the crashed airplane were buried there during a private ceremony on June 21.The memorial was funded with $46 million from 110,000 private donors, including $6 million to design and build the Tower of Voices. Volunteers are well on their way to the goal of planting 150,000 seedlings around the 2,200 acre (890 hectare) park. It attracted about 400,000 visitors last year.The dedication comes two days before the anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks. President Donald Trump is expected to attend that memorial ceremony Tuesday in Shanksville, along with Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf and Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke.Shanksville is about 75 miles (120 kilometers) southeast of Pittsburgh.

Pence: I’m confident no one on my staff wrote incendiary anti-Trump NYT op-ed-‘My people are dedicated to advancing the president’s agenda and supporting everything he is doing for the people of this country,’ says vice-president-By DARLENE SUPERVILLE-TOI-11 September 2018

WASHINGTON (AP) — US Vice President Mike Pence says he’s “100 percent confident” that no one on his staff was involved with the anonymous New York Times column criticizing President Donald Trump’s leadership.“I know them. I know their character,” Pence said in a taped interview aired Sunday by CBS’ “Face the Nation.”Some pundits had speculated that Pence could be the “senior administration official” who wrote the opinion piece because it included language Pence has been known to use, like the unusual word “lodestar.” The op-ed writer claimed to be part of a “resistance” movement within the Trump administration that was working quietly behind the scenes to thwart the president’s most dangerous impulses.Pence added his staff to the list of more than two dozen high-ranking administration officials who have denied writing the column.“Let me be very clear. I’m 100 percent confident that no one on the vice president’s staff was involved in this anonymous editorial. I know my people,” Pence said on “Face the Nation.” ”They get up every day and are dedicated, just as much as I am, to advancing the president’s agenda and supporting everything … President Trump is doing for the people of this country.”Asked whether he had asked his staff about the op-ed, Pence said, “I don’t have to ask them because I know them. I know their character. I know their dedication and I am absolutely confident that no one on the vice president’s staff had anything to do with this.”He restated that he thinks the essay writer should do the “honorable thing and resign.”Publication of the op-ed followed the release of stunning details from an upcoming book by Watergate reporter Bob Woodward in which current and former aides referred to Trump as an “idiot” and “liar” and depicted him as prone to rash policy decisions that some aides either work to stall or derail entirely.Both releases are said to have infuriated Trump, who unleashed a string of attacks on Woodward’s credibility and dismissed the celebrated author’s book as a “work of fiction.” Some of the officials featured in the book’s anecdotes about the president, including Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and White House chief of staff John Kelly, issued statements denying the comments attributed to them by Woodward.Woodward has said he stands by his reporting. The book, “Fear: Trump in the White House,” is scheduled to be formally released Tuesday, all but ensuring that the debate over Trump’s leadership ability and style will extend into a second straight week.Trump, meanwhile, has denounced the Times opinion piece as “gutless” and its publication as a “disgrace” bordering on treason.Republican Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky, a Trump ally, has said the president would be justified in using lie detectors to ferret out the anonymous writer. The president has yet to say whether he’d go that far, but Pence says he’d be willing to submit to such an examination.“I would agree to take it in a heartbeat and would submit to any review the administration wanted to do,” he said in a taped “Fox News Sunday” interview.Both Pence and Kellyanne Conway, a counselor to Trump, pushed back during separate television appearances Sunday on the portrayals of Trump as anything but a thoughtful leader. Both also said they had no idea who wrote the piece; Trump has said he can name up to five people who could have written it.“What I see is a tough leader, a demanding leader, someone who gets all the options on the table,” Pence said on Fox News. “But he makes the decisions, and that’s why we’ve made the progress we’ve made.”Trump has said the Justice Department should investigate and unmask the anonymous author. He cited national security concerns as grounds for what would amount to an extraordinary criminal probe should Attorney General Jeff Sessions decide to pursue one.Neither Pence nor Conway answered directly when asked if Sessions should treat Trump’s comments as an order. The Justice Department is supposed to make investigative decisions free of political pressure from the White House and the president.Appearing on CNN, Sen. Mark Warner of Virginia, the top Democrat on the Senate intelligence committee, disagreed that the opinion piece amounted to a national security threat and attributed Trump’s musing about a Justice Department investigation “to a president who’s lashing out.”On an unrelated matter, Pence said on CBS that he has not been called for an interview by special counsel Robert Mueller, who is investigating possible coordination between Russia and Trump’s Republican presidential campaign as well as Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. election.Pence said he’s willing to sit down with Mueller if he is asked and added that he so far has cooperated with all requests for information from the special counsel and will continue to do so.

Liberman: We’ve thwarted terror attacks in recent days meant to disrupt New Year-In Rosh Hashanah toast with IDF soldiers, defense minister says Israelis will be able to celebrate holiday with confidence and security following army’s recent operations-By Jacob Magid-TOI-10 September 2018

Defense Minister Avigdor Liberman said Sunday that the IDF has thwarted several terror attacks in the last few days meant to disrupt Rosh Hashanah celebrations.“In recent days, too, we have arrested suspects and prevented terror attacks,” Liberman said, addressing a company from the Armoured Corps at a toast for the Jewish New Year that starts Sunday evening.“The people of Israel will be able to celebrate Rosh Hashanah with confidence and quiet thanks to IDF soldiers and security forces who will continue to tour and protect us all during the holiday,” he said, without divulging further details.The defense minister thanked the company of Armoured corps soldiers, who are also responsible for guarding the West Bank settlement of Nokdim, where he lives.Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu offered similar praise of the Shin Bet security service at a new year’s toast last week where he claimed that “not a day goes by in which there is no thwarting” of an attack.Netanyahu credited the work of the security agency with helping Israel to avoid much of the violence that has engulfed other countries in the Middle East.“The Shin Bet deters, thwarts, and defeats on a daily and hourly basis those who want us dead,” Netanyahu said at a toast with security chiefs for the upcoming Jewish new year.Israeli security services documented 255 attacks last month, including 11 in Jerusalem, the Shin Bet security service said in its monthly report published earlier this month. The June tally was 220 incidents.Despite the increase, the figures in July were well below those of May, when 365 incidents were documented — the highest number in over two years.Nearly two-thirds of the attacks recorded in July involved firebombs. Incidents involving the hurling of rocks at Israelis and their cars are not included in Shin Bet reports.

Far-right makes major gains in Swedish elections as ruling party scrapes a win-Prime Minister Lofven says ‘moral responsibility’ to combat anti-immigration party with neo-Nazi roots that won nearly 18% of the vote-By PIETRO DECRISTOFARO and JAN M. OLSEN-TOI-SEP 11,18

STOCKHOLM (AP) — Voters handed Sweden’s ruling party its worst-ever election result Sunday and delivered a parallel lift to a far-right party with white supremacist roots, leaving the ideological outline of the Scandinavian country’s next government uncertain.After a campaign dominated by debates over immigration, the center-left Social Democratic Party emerged with the greatest share of the vote — 28.4 percent as the count neared completion — yet looking at holding fewer parliament seats and having its mandate to govern questioned.The potential for an immigration backlash to result in a big boost for the far-right Sweden Democrats inspired fear among many Swedes before the election. It received a little more than one in six votes, or 17.6 percent. Its showing was not as strong as the one-in-five polls had predicted, but good for a third-place finish that had the party’s leader telling supporters, “We won.”Prime Minister Stefan Lofven, who brought the Social Democrats to power in 2014, said he intended to remain in the job. The leader of the Moderates party that came in second, Ulf Kristersson, already had called on Lofven to resign and claimed the right to form Sweden’s next government.Sounding somber and firm, Lofven told his supporters the election presented “a situation that all responsible parties must deal with,” adding that “a party with roots in Nazism” would “never ever offer anything responsible, but hatred.”“We have a moral responsibility. We must gather all good forces. We won’t mourn, we will organize ourselves,” he said.Final election returns were expected later in the week. The preliminary results made it unlikely any party would secure a majority of 175 seats in the 349-seat Riksdag, Sweden’s parliament. It could take weeks or months of coalition talks before the next government is formed.Both the left-leaning bloc led by the Social Democrats and the center-right bloc in which the Moderates is largest of four parties have said they would refuse to consider the Sweden Democrats as a coalition partner.Sweden — home to the Nobel prizes and militarily neutral for the better part of two centuries — has been known for its comparatively open doors to migrants and refugees. Sunday’s general election was the first since the country of 10 million took in a record 163,000 refugees in 2015 as mass migration to Europe rose dramatically.Lofven eventually said Sweden no longer could cope with the influx and immigration laws were tightened.Like other far-right parties in Europe, the Sweden Democrats worked to soften its neo-Nazi image in the lead-up to the election. The party symbol was switched from a flame thrower to a flower. Members known for making pro-Third Reich statements were pushed out.It made its first mark in politics with municipal council seats in 2006, and since then slowly helped revise long-accepted social norms for what Swedes could say openly about foreigners and integration without being considered racist.At the Swedish Democrat’s election eve rally Saturday, party leader Jimmie Akesson criticized Lofven’s government for “prioritizing” the needs of new immigrants the ones of Swedish citizens.Akesson was jubilant as he addressed supporters a day later, declaring the estimated 14 parliament seats the Social Democrats picked up a victory other parties could not ignore in coalition negotiations.“This party has increased and made the biggest gains. Everything is about us,” Akesson said. “I am ready to talk with others”Turnout in the election was reported at 84.4 percent, up from 83 percent in 2014.

China outlaws large underground Protestant church in Beijing-[Reuters]-YAHOONEWS-By Christian Shepherd-September 11, 2018

BEIJING (Reuters) - Beijing city authorities have banned one of the largest unofficial Protestant churches in the city and confiscated "illegal promotional materials", amid a deepening crackdown on China's "underground" churches.The Zion church had for years operated with relative freedoms, hosting hundreds of worshippers every weekend in an expansive specially renovated hall in north Beijing.But since April, after they rejected requests from authorities to install closed-circuit television cameras in the building, the church has faced growing pressure from the authorities and has been threatened with eviction.On Sunday, the Beijing Chaoyang district civil affairs bureau said that by organizing events without registering, the church was breaking rules forbidding mass gatherings and were now "legally banned" and its "illegal promotional material" had been confiscated, according to images of the notice sent to Reuters late on Sunday and confirmed by churchgoers."I fear that there is no way for us to resolve this issue with the authorities," Zion's Pastor Jin Mingri told Reuters.China's religious affairs and civil affairs bureaux did not immediately respond to requests for comment.China's constitution guarantees religious freedom, but since President Xi Jinping took office six years ago the government has tightened restrictions on religions seen as a challenge to the authority of the ruling Communist Party.Churches across China have faced new waves of harassment and pressure to register since a new set of regulations to govern religious affairs in China came into effect in February and heightened punishments for unofficial churches.In July, more than 30 of Beijing's hundreds of underground Protestant churches took the rare step of releasing a joint statement complaining of "unceasing interference" and the "assault and obstruction" of regular activities of believers since the new regulations came into effect.China's Christian believers are split between those who attend unofficial "house" or "underground" churches and those who attend government-sanctioned places of worship.Churchgoers were also given a notice from the district religious affairs bureau saying that the "great masses of believer must respect the rules and regulations and attend events in legally registered places of religious activity".Zion's attendees were also given pamphlets of officially sanctioned churches that they might attend instead.But for many worshippers and pastors, such as Jin, accepting the oversight and ultimate authority of the Communist Party would be a betrayal of their faith."On this land, the only one we can trust in is God," Jin said.(Reporting by Christian Shepherd; Editing by Michael Perry)

MIGRATING BIRDS IN ISRAEL EATS HUMANS FLESH FOR COMING AGAINST ISRAEL-JERUSALEM

EZEKIEL 39:11-12,18
11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog (RUSSIA/ARAB/MUSLIMS) a place there of graves in Israel, the valley of the passengers (EAST OF THE DEAD SEA IN JORDAN VALLEY) on the east of the sea: and it shall stop the noses of the passengers: and there shall they bury Gog (RUSSIAN) and all his multitude:(ARAB/MUSLIM HORDE) and they shall call it The valley of Hamongog.(BURIEL SITE OF THE 300 MILLION,RUSSIAN/ARAB/MUSLIMS)
12 And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land.(OF ISRAEL)
16 And also the name of the city shall be Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land.(OF THE ISRAEL-GOD HATERS)

EZEKIEL 39:17-21
17  And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood.(OF RUSSIAN/ISLAMIC HORDES AGAINST ISRAEL)
18  Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.
19  And ye shall eat fat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, of my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you.
20  Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord GOD.
21  And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.
22  So the house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God from that day and forward.

REVELATION 19:17-18
17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;(AGAINST ALL NATIONS ARMIES THAT COME AGAINST JERUSALEM AND ISRAEL)
18 That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great.

EZEKIEL 38:1-7
1 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, set thy face against Gog,(RULER) the land of Magog,(RUSSIA) the chief prince of Meshech (MOSCOW) and Tubal,(TOBOLSK) and prophesy against him,
3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog,(LEADER OF RUSSIA) the chief prince of Meshech(MOSCOW) and Tubal:TOBOLSK)
4 And I (GOD) will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws,(GOD FORCES THE RUSSIA-MUSLIMS TO MARCH) and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:
5 Persia,(IRAN,IRAQ) Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:
6 Gomer,(GERMANY) and all his bands; the house of Togarmah (TURKEY) of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.(AFRICAN MUSLIMS,SUDAN,TUNESIA ETC)
7 Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them.

EZEKIEL 39:1-8
1 Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog,(LEADER OF RUSSIA) and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech (MOSCOW) and Tubal: (TUBOLSK)
2 And I will turn thee back,(RUSSIA-ARAB MUSLIM ISRAEL HATERS) and leave but the sixth part of thee,(5/6TH OR 300 MILLION DEAD RUSSIAN/ARAB/MUSLIMS I BELIEVE) and will cause thee to come up from the north parts,(RUSSIA) and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel:
3 And I will smite thy bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand.
4 Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou, and all thy bands,( ARABS) and the people that is with thee: I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured.
5 Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.
6 And I will send a fire on Magog,(NUCLEAR ATOMIC BOMB) and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD.
7 So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel.
8 Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this is the day whereof I have spoken.

Moscow accuses US of using white phosphorous in Syria-Russian general claims weekend bombings targeting area controlled by Islamic State resulted in ‘fierce fires’-By AFP-TOI-SEP 11,18

MOSCOW — Russia on Sunday accused the United States of carrying out bombings using white phosphorous in eastern Syria against military targets in civilian areas, which is banned under international law.“Two American F-15 planes carried out bombings on September 8 (Saturday) targeting the area of Hajin in the Deir Ezzor region using incendiary phosphorous ammunition,” Russian general Vladimir Savtchenko said in a statement.“These strikes resulted in fierce fires. We are clarifying the information concerning possible deaths and injuries,” he added.In Syria, the jihadist Islamic State group still controls a pocket in Deir Ezzor between the Euphrates River and the Iraqi border, and also remains in the vast Syrian desert.An international coalition led by the United States is helping a coalition of Kurdish and Arab fighters from the Syrian Democratic Forces (FDS) which for months have been conducting an offensive to oust IS.The Russian army, which has been intervening militarily since 2015 in Syria in support of the forces of its ally President Bashar al-Assad, was accused in March by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights of having used incendiary bombs during the regime’s offensive against the rebel stronghold of Eastern Ghouta near Damascus.Moscow dismissed the allegation as a “shameless lie.”Use of white phosphorous is banned under the Geneva Convention for use against civilians and against legitimate military targets in areas with a major civilian population.

PROOF HALF ON EARTH DIE DURING THE 7 YR TRIBULATION PERIOD (8 BILLION ON EARTH)

ISAIAH 66:15-16
15 For, behold, the LORD will come with fire,(NUKES) and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire.
16 For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.

ISAIAH 26:21
21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity:(GOD/ISRAEL HATE AND BRAKING OF HIS COMMANDMENTS) the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.(WW3,1/2 earths population die - 4 BILLION).

ISAIAH 13:6-13 KJV
6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty.
7 Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt:(FROM FRIGHT)
8 And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces shall be as flames.
9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.

REVELATION 6:7-8 (8 BILLION- 2 BILLION = 6 BILLION)
7 And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see.
8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse:(CHLORES GREEN) and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth,(2 BILLION) to kill with sword,(WEAPONS) and with hunger,(FAMINE) and with death,(INCURABLE DISEASES) and with the beasts of the earth.(ANIMAL TO HUMAN DISEASE).

REVELATION 9:15,18 (6 BILLION - 2 BILLION = 4 BILLION)
15 And the four(DEMONIC WAR) angels were loosed,
18 By these three was the third part of men killed,(2 BILLION) by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.(NUCLEAR ATOMIC BOMBS)

HALF OF EARTHS POPULATION DIE DURING THE 7 YR TRIBULATION.(THESE VERSES ARE JUDGEMENT SCRIPTURES NOT RAPTURE SCRIPTURES)

LUKE 17:34-37 (8 TOTAL BILLION - 4 BILLION DEAD IN TRIB = 4 BILLION TO JESUS KINGDOM) (HALF DIE DURING THE 7 YR TRIBULATION PERIOD JUST LIKE THE BIBLE SAYS)(GOD DOES NOT LIE)(AND NOTICE MOST DIE IN WAR AND DISEASES-NOT COMETS-ASTEROIDS-QUAKES OR TSUNAMIS)
34 I tell you, in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other shall be left.(half earths population 4 billion die in the 7 yr trib)
35 Two women shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other left.
36 Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other left.
37 And they answered and said unto him, Where, Lord? And he said unto them, Wheresoever the body is, thither will the eagles be gathered together.(Christians have new bodies,this is the people against Jerusalem during the 7 yr treaty)(Christians bodies are not being eaten by the birds).THESE ARE JUDGEMENT SCRIPTURES-NOT RAPTURE SCRIPTURES.BECAUSE NOT HALF OF PEOPLE ON EARTH ARE CHRISTIANS.AND THE CONTEXT IN LUKE 17 IS THE 7 YEAR TRIBULATION OR 7 YR TREATY PERIOD.WHICH IS JUDGEMENT ON THE EARTH.NOT 50% RAPTURED TO HEAVEN.

MATTHEW 24:37-42 (THESE ARE JUDGEMENT SCRIPTURES-SURE NOT RAPTURE SCRIPTURES)
37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark,
39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other left.
41 Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken,(IN WW3 JUDGEMENT) and the other left.
42 Watch therefore:(FOR THE LAST DAYS SIGNS HAPPENING) for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.

Russia prepares for biggest war games in its history-[AFP]-Maxime POPOV, Olga ROTENBERG-YAHOONEWS-September 10, 2018

Moscow (AFP) - Russia on Tuesday will launch the biggest military drills in its history involving 300,000 troops as well as Chinese soldiers, in a move NATO denounced as "exercising large-scale conflict".The week-long deployment alongside Chinese and Mongolian armies dubbed "Vostok-2018" (East-2018) will start in eastern Siberia on September 11.It comes at a time of escalating tensions between Moscow and the West over accusations of Russian interference in western affairs and the ongoing conflicts in Ukraine and Syria.The Russian army has compared the show of force to the USSR's 1981 war games that saw between 100,000 and 150,000 Warsaw Pact soldiers take part in "Zapad-81" (West-81) -- the largest military exercises of the Soviet era.But defence minister Sergei Shoigu said this time would be even larger, with 300,000 soldiers, 36,000 military vehicles, 1,000 planes and 80 warships taking part in the drills."Imagine 36,000 military vehicles moving at the same time: tanks, armoured personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles -- and all of this, of course, in conditions as close to a combat situation as possible," Shoigu said.The Russian army will roll out all of its latest additions for the event: Iskander missiles that can carry nuclear warheads, T-80 and T-90 tanks and its recent Su-34 and Su-35 fighter planes.At sea, the Russian fleet will deploy several frigates equipped with Kalibr missiles that have been used in Syria.Russia's previous military exercise in the region, Vostok-2014, was almost half the size, with 155,000 soldiers participating.The country's war games in Eastern Europe last year, Zapad-2017, saw 12,700 troops take part according to Moscow. Ukraine and the Baltic states said the true number was far bigger.- 'Future world war' -President Vladimir Putin is expected to attend Vostok-2018 after hosting an economic forum in Russia's far eastern city Vladivostok where his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping is one of the star guests.Russian military analyst Pavel Felgenhauer said the games were a "preparation for a future world war"."The army's General Staff believes this will take place after 2020 in the form of either a global war or a series of conflicts with magnitude," he said."The enemy is the United States and its allies."According to Felgenhauer, China's participation -- although modest with only 3,200 men -- will be a key factor at the drills."It's not just about a sign or a message, but about a preparation for a real-life war of great magnitude," he said.This opinion was shared by NATO, which said that Vostok-2018 "demonstrates Russia's focus on exercising large-scale conflict"."It fits into a pattern we have seen over some time -- a more assertive Russia, significantly increasing its defence budget and its military presence," said the alliance's spokesman Dylan White.Russia has denied the drills are a cause for worry."Vostok-2018 is far from NATO's area of responsibility and does not affect the security of its member states," the Russian foreign ministry’s spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.- Growing number of drills -Relations between Russia and the West declined sharply in 2014 with Moscow's annexation of Crimea and the subsequent conflict in eastern Ukraine.Since then Moscow has increased the number of its large-scale military exercises in the Caucasus, the Baltic and the Arctic.At the same time the Kremlin has accused NATO of expanding westwards and threatening Russian national security.This week, Russia held military exercises in the Mediterranean.More than 25 warships and around 30 planes took part in the drills, as Russia increased its military presence in Syria where it intervened to help the Bashar al-Assad regime in 2015.Around 2,200 Ukrainian, American and other NATO soldiers took part in military exercises in western Ukraine in early September.Last month, the Kremlin's spokesman said Russia's "ability to defend itself in the current international situation which is often aggressive and unfriendly to our country is justified, essential and without alternative".

Iran nuclear chief: New Natanz nuclear facility producing advanced centrifuges-Ali Akbar Salehi says Tehran mulling withdrawal from nuclear deal, warns ‘everyone will suffer’ if 2015 accord collapses entirely-By TOI staff-SEPT 11,18

Iranian nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi told state media on Sunday that a facility to produce advanced centrifuges at the Natanz nuclear plant has been completed.Salehi, the head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization, told the official IRNA news agency that [supreme leader Ayatollah] “Khamenei ordered us to set up and complete a very advanced hall for the construction of modern centrifuges, and this hall has now been fully equipped and set up,” according to Reuters.Salehi said Khamenei had also instructed to begin development of nuclear-powered ships, and that project would take 10-15 years to complete.Though he said the nuclear-powered ships and new centrifuges would operate within the limits of the nuclear deal Iran signed with world powers, Salehi warned that Tehran was considering abandoning the accord in the wake of the US withdrawal earlier this year.Salehi suggested Iran “might… suspend some of the limitations within the nuclear agreement, for example on the volume and level of enrichment.”“And the final scenario can be a complete exit from the nuclear accord, which I hope will never happen, with the help of [the remaining signatories], because everyone would suffer,” he was quoted as saying.Under the 2015 deal — which limits Iran’s nuclear program in return for sanctions relief — Tehran is allowed to build and test parts for advanced centrifuges with certain restrictions on quantity.Following the withdrawal of the United States in May, the other parties — Britain, France, Germany, China, Russia and the EU — have vowed to provide Iran with enough economic benefits to keep the agreement alive.But Tehran is increasingly skeptical that those countries can counter the effects of renewed US sanctions, which have already battered Iran’s economy.Iran has repeatedly said it will resume high-level uranium enrichment if the agreement falls apart.Earlier this month, supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said Iran should be ready to “set aside” the agreement if it is no longer in the country’s national interests.The International Atomic Energy Agency has repeatedly stated that Iran is sticking to its commitments.The administration of US President Donald Trump says the deal did not prevent Iran from eventually working towards a nuclear weapon — which Tehran has denied it is seeking.Agencies contributed to this report.

Trump praises North Korea for holding 70th anniversary parade without ICBMs-‘Thank you To Chairman Kim. We will both prove everyone wrong!’ president tweets; many of the tanks bear a slogan: ‘Destroy the US imperialist aggressors’-By Sebastien BERGER-TOI-10 September 2018

PYONGYANG (AFP) — Thousands of North Korean troops followed by artillery and tanks paraded through Pyongyang Sunday as the nuclear-armed country celebrated its 70th birthday, but it refrained from displaying the intercontinental ballistic missiles that have seen it hit with sanctions.The missiles’ conspicuous absence drew praise from US President Donald Trump who called it “a big and very positive statement from North Korea.”“Thank you To Chairman Kim. We will both prove everyone wrong!” Trump tweeted. “There is nothing like good dialogue from two people that like each other! Much better than before I took office.”North Korean leader Kim Jong Un also used the parade to show off his friendship with China, raising the hand of President Xi Jinping’s envoy as they saluted the crowd together afterwards.North Korea has just staged their parade, celebrating 70th anniversary of founding, without the customary display of nuclear missiles. Theme was peace and economic development. “Experts believe that North Korea cut out the nuclear missiles to show President Trump……— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 9, 2018-its commitment to denuclearize.” @FoxNews This is a big and very positive statement from North Korea. Thank you To Chairman Kim. We will both prove everyone wrong! There is nothing like good dialogue from two people that like each other! Much better than before I took office.— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 9, 2018-The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), as the North is officially known, was proclaimed on September 9, 1948, three years after Moscow and Washington divided the peninsula between them in the closing days of the Second World War.Such set-piece dates are a mainstay of the North’s political calendar, and have for years been opportunities to demonstrate progress in its quest for a missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to the United States.But too militaristic a display this time might have risked upsetting the recent diplomatic dalliance on the peninsula, after Kim’s Singapore meeting with Trump in June and his third summit with the South’s President Moon Jae-in due in Pyongyang later this month.After a 21-gun salute, dozens of infantry units marched through Kim Il Sung Square, some in night-vision goggles or wielding rocket-propelled grenade launchers, as the current leader — the founder’s grandson — looked on from a rostrum.Li Zhanshu, one of the seven members of the Chinese Communist party’s Politburo Standing Committee, the country’s most powerful body, sat next to him, the two of them occasionally exchanging comments.Armoured personnel carriers, multiple rocket launchers and tanks followed, with biplanes flying overhead in a ’70’ formation.At one point jets trailing red, white and blue smoke — the colours of the North Korean flag — roared above the Juche Tower, the stone monument to Kim Il Sung’s political philosophy.Finally came the missiles, the traditional climax of the parades. But the only ones on show were short-range battlefield devices, the Kumsong-3 anti-ship cruise missile, and the Pongae-5 surface-to-air weapon.There was no sign of the Hwasong-14 and -15 rockets that can reach the mainland United States and changed the strategic balance when they were first tested last year.“It looks like the North Koreans really tried to tone down the military nature of this,” said Chad O’Carroll, managing director of Korea Risk Group.Any display of longer-range missiles would have cast doubt on North Korea’s commitment to denuclearisation, he added.-‘Long live!’-Pyongyang has not publicly stated a willingness to give up the weapons it has spent decades developing at huge political and financial cost, but it has been on a diplomatic charm offensive for months.In April, Kim declared that the North’s nuclear programme had been successfully completed and “socialist economic construction” was the new strategic priority.In a speech Sunday, ceremonial president Kim Yong Nam lauded the country and its army as “the strongest in the world”, but did not mention nuclear weapons.And immediately after the parade thousands of citizens rallied through the square, alongside floats displaying economic themes and calls for Korean reunification — the peninsula has remained split since the 1950-53 Korean War ended in an armistice rather than a peace treaty.Thousands of accompanying citizens waved bouquets and flags, chanting “Long live” to the leader.-Honured guest-Diplomatic invitations for the anniversary went out around the world, but the only head of state who attended was Mauritanian president Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz — although AFP spotted French actor Gerard Depardieu seated in a section below the main tribune.Afterwards Kim and Li saluted the cheering crowd, the North Korean raising his guest’s hand into the air.Beijing is its neighbour’s key diplomatic protector and trade partner, and after years in the deep freeze over the North’s weapons ambitions ties have warmed rapidly this year, with Kim visiting China three times to meet President Xi Jinping.Speculation that Xi might reciprocate for the anniversary did not come to pass — Hu Jintao remains the last Chinese president to visit in 2005 — but O’Carroll said Pyongyang appeared to want to promote its friendship with Beijing.“China is still a very important player and its presence here with such a high level delegation is intended in some way to remind the US of that,” he said.Washington is seeking the “final, fully verified denuclearisation of North Korea”, while Pyongyang has only publicly affirmed its commitment to working towards the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, a euphemism open to interpretation on both sides.The process has become bogged down in recent weeks, with the North demanding a formal declaration that the Korean War is over, and the South’s Moon caught between his neighbour and his ally.“Apparently Kim Jong Un thought that now was not time to unnecessarily provoke Trump,” said Kim Yong-hyun, professor of North Korean studies at Dongguk University in Seoul.But some things do not change.Many of the tanks and other vehicles at the parade still bore a slogan on the front: “Destroy the US imperialist aggressors, the sworn enemy of the DPRK people!”

Iran Guard claims missile attack on separatist Kurds in Iraq-Tehran releases footage of strike on Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan base said to have killed 11 and injured 50 in response to resumption of PDKI hit-and-run attacks in Iran-By Amir Vahdat-TOI-10 September 2018

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps on Sunday claimed responsibility for a missile attack targeting an Iraqi base of a Kurdish separatist group.Iranian state television aired footage of surface-to-surface missiles launching Saturday toward the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan base in Iraq, as well as drone footage of the base in the aftermath of the strike, which the separatists say killed at least 11 people and wounded 50.The footage’s release appeared to be a stark warning by the Guard to the separatist group, known by the acronym PDKI, which has resumed hit-and-run attacks in Iran after some two decades of uneasy peace. A Kurdish attack in July killed at least 10 Iranian border guards, likely sparking the Guard’s show of force.“The Iranian armed forces won’t allow terrorists to again threaten the country’s national security,” the Guard said in a statement, warning that its future operations would be even “more crushing.”Video aired by state television showed the short-range missiles being fired from mobile launchers in a field in an undisclosed location. The semi-official Tasnim news agency, believed to be close to the paramilitary Guard, identified the missiles fired as Fateh 110-Bs. Those missiles are believed to have a range of up to 300 kilometers (185 miles), according to the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies.Tasnim said the missiles traveled some 220 kilometers (135 miles) to reach the base in Koya, in northern Iraq.The Kurdish satellite news channel Rudaw reported that the secretary-general of the PDKI, Mustafa Mawludi, and his predecessor, Khalid Azizi, were wounded in the strike.The Iraqi Foreign Ministry on Sunday issued a statement criticizing Iran’s attack, saying it “rejects the violation of Iraqi sovereignty by bombing any target within Iraqi territory without prior coordination with the Iraqi authorities to spare civilians the effects of such operations.”Iraq and Iran have close political and military ties, and Tehran provided extensive military support in the war against the Islamic State group.Saturday’s attack comes after the PDKI accused Iran on Friday of carrying out “indiscriminate shelling” targeting the border region.Kurds represent about 10 percent of Iran’s population of 80 million people, with many living in the mountainous northwest that borders Iraq and Turkey.A breakaway Kurdish republic backed by the Soviets briefly emerged after World War II and a Kurdish uprising followed in the years after Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution. A guerrilla campaign by PDKI fighters in Iran continued into the mid-1990s. The PDKI declared a unilateral cease-fire with Iran in 1996 after fighting in northern Iraq between warring Kurdish forces backed by Iraq and Iran.Kurdish resentments have grown recently, buoyed by Kurdish control of areas in northern Iraq. The death of a Kurdish maid at a hotel in the northwestern city of Mahabad in May 2015 sparked unrest by local Kurds as opposition groups alleged Iranian security forces had a hand in it.Since 2016, clashes have erupted between Kurdish fighters and Iranian security forces, including the Guard, leading to casualties on both sides. The PDKI, operating out of northern Iraq, claimed many of those attacks, which prompted Iranian forces to shell Kurdish positions just across the Iraqi border in response.

Army shoots and kills Palestinian trying to sabotage Gaza border fence-IDF says it also arrested three suspects attempting to cross into Israel with a pair of knives; dozens converge on Erez crossing in latest protest-By TOI staff and Agencies-10 September 2018

IDF soldiers on Sunday shot and killed a Palestinian who repeatedly tried to sabotage the Gaza Strip border fence, the army said.“Troops recognised a suspect who approached the security fence and attempted to sabotage it,” an English-language army statement said, adding that they opened fire at the man.He was given medical treatment but “later on, the suspect succumbed to his wounds,” it added.Palestinian security officials said that the dead man was Atef Mohammed Saleh, 32, from Jabaliya in the northern Gaza Strip, which is near the border with Israel.Earlier Sunday, the army said soldiers identified and arrested three Gazans attempting to cross the fence surrounding the northern Gaza Strip. The Israeli troops uncovered a pair of knives on the suspects upon their apprehension.The IDF was unable to confirm whether the three suspects were the same ones that Palestinian media reported had been shot and wounded after approaching the northern Gaza border fence near the Erez crossing.The Shihab Palestinian news agency reported that two residents of Beit Hanoun on Gaza’s northeastern edge were shot by IDF troops.Dozens of Palestinians were protesting and attempting to approach the border fence near the Erez border crossing in the north of the enclave.There were no immediate reports of further casualties at the protests.On Saturday, the IDF said it would investigate the events surrounding the recent deaths of two Palestinians at the Gaza border, including that of a 16-year-old who was shot on Friday during protests and who succumbed to his wounds on Saturday.Palestinian media outlets released a video clip which they said showed the incident and appeared to show the teen throwing an object before waving and clapping, with his hands in the air at the time he was shot. (Warning: Graphic content.) He was named as Ahmad Abu Tuyur.“In the violent disturbances along the fence, IDF soldiers responded with riot control measures and acted in accordance with open-fire regulations,” said the military in a statement Saturday. “It is claimed that two people died in the violent disturbances. The events will be reviewed by the relevant command echelons.”The Hamas-run health ministry in Gaza said Friday that a 17-year-old was also killed and that nearly 400 Gazans were wounded in the violent protests.Around 7,000 Palestinians took part in the weekly clashes.The Israeli military said demonstrators hurled rocks and Molotov cocktails at soldiers, who responded with tear gas and other less-lethal means. Troops fired at Palestinians who attempted to breach the border fence and enter Israel.The army said it struck two Hamas posts in the Strip. One was attacked in response to a grenade thrown towards troops along the border, while another was hit after protesters damaged military infrastructure.Balloons with incendiary devices attached were again flown across the border, after being largely absent in recent weeks. Two fires broke out in Israel as a result of the arson attacks.Friday’s protests were the first since the US announced it was cutting all aid to UNRWA, the UN agency responsible for Palestinian humanitarian assistance.Recent weeks have seen relatively less violence at the border than at the height of the protests some months ago.Earlier Friday, Israeli aircraft opened fire at a group of Palestinians who were trying to send incendiary balloons over the border in the northern Gaza Strip, the military said. Two people were lightly injured, according to reports in Gaza.There have long been reports of talks on a UN- and Egypt-brokered truce agreement that would end the months-long flareup of hostilities — the most severe since the 2014 war.The surge of violence in Gaza began in March with a series of protests along the border that were dubbed the “March of Return.” The clashes, which Gaza’s Hamas rulers orchestrated, have included rock and Molotov cocktail attacks on troops, as well as attempts to breach the border fence and attack Israeli soldiers.Since the protests began in March, at least 127 Palestinians have been killed in the clashes, according to a tally from The Associated Press. Hamas, which seeks to destroy Israel, has acknowledged that dozens of those killed were its members. During that time, a Gaza sniper killed an Israeli soldier.During the demonstrations, protesters have also launched incendiary kites and balloons into Israel, sparking fires that have destroyed forests, burned crops, and killed livestock. Over 7,000 acres of land have been burned, causing millions of shekels in damages, according to Israeli officials.

EARTH DESTROYED WITH THE EARTH IN NOAHS DAY(BECAUSE OF SIN,VIOLENCE AND GODLESS PEOPLE)

GENESIS 6:11-13
11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.(WORLD TERRORISM,MURDERS)(HAMAS IN HEBREW IS VIOLENCE)
12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence (TERRORISM)(HAMAS) through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

HOSEA 4:1-3
1 Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.
2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
3 Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.

DEUTORONOMY 28:22-24
22  The LORD shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish.
23  And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.
24  The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.

STORMS HURRICANES-TORNADOES

LUKE 21:25-26
25 And there shall be signs in the sun,(HEATING UP-SOLAR ECLIPSES) and in the moon,(MAN ON MOON-LUNAR ECLIPSES) and in the stars;(ASTEROIDS ETC) and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity;(MASS CONFUSION) the sea and the waves roaring;(FIERCE WINDS)
26 Men’s hearts failing them for fear,(TORNADOES,HURRICANES,STORMS) and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth:(DESTRUCTION) for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.(FROM QUAKES,NUKES ETC)

THE FIRST JUDGEMENT OF THE EARTH STARTED WITH WATER-IT ONLY MAKES SENSE THE LAST GENERATION WILL BE HAVING FLOODING
GENESIS 7:6-12
6 And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the eart
           Sudan s Continuous Jihadist Civil War - Security Briefing and Challenges      Cache   Translate Page      
Brief on Security ChallengesByLieutenant GeneralAbakar Mahamat Abdallah[i]Chairman Sudan United MovementPresented at American Mideast Coalition for Democracy Policy ConferenceWashington, DCSeptember 12, 2018 Sudan s Continuous Jihadist Civil War The six decade civil war in Sudan began in 1956 when the South Sudanese rebelled against the regime in Khartoum rejecting its policies of Islamization and Arabization adopted by the ruling elite. Successive regimes ruling Sudan fought a civil war that killed more than 2 million South Sudanese prior to achieving independence in 2011. Many people thought that the secession of South Sudan would put an end to war in Sudan. Unfortunately, the civil war in Sudan continued with the same strategy and policy of Islamization, Arabization of indigenous population of African origin.This strategy was adopted in 1881 by Muhammad Ahmad bin Abdallah al Mahdi. He was the first who declared Sudan to be a Caliphate ruled under Sharia law. He wanted Sudan to be fu...
          Pepsi: la primera empresa extranjera en ser comercializada en la URSS      Cache   Translate Page      
El 2 de diciembre de 2010 PepsiCo (la multinacional estadounidense que produce y distribuye el refresco Pepsi) invirtió 3.800 millones de dólares en la compra del 66% de Wimm-Bill-Dann, la mayor compañía rusa de productos lácteos. Y aunque muchas analistas consideraron que Pepsi estaba pagando un precio demasiado alto, la relación comercial entre Pepsi y URSS -ahora Rusia- ha dado lugar a acuerdos comerciales que podemos calificar como “curiosos”. Todo comenzó en la Exposición Nacional Americana, celebrada en Moscú en el verano de 1959, tras otra exposición similar de la URSS que tuvo lugar unos meses antes en la ciudad de Nueva York. Con aquellas exposiciones se trataba de reducir las tensiones derivadas de los primeros años de la Guerra Fría, pero la delegación estadounidense, con el por entonces vicepresidente Richard Nixon a la cabeza, no desaprovechó la oportunidad de promocionar la sociedad de consumo y el estilo de vida estadounidense frente al régimen comunista.


Nikita Kruschev, el máximo dirigente soviético, y Richard Nixon recorrían la muestra cuando llegaron a las proximidades del stand de Pepsi. Ya fuese por la elevada temperatura -era el mes de julio- o por tener que aguantar la charla de Nixon, el caso es que Donald Kendall, vicepresidente de marketing de Pepsi, se dio cuenta de que Kruschev estaba sudando, cogió un vaso de su refresco y se lo ofreció al dirigente soviético. La instantánea de aquel momento fue el mejor anuncio publicitario de Pepsi. Kendall entendió que la Unión Soviética era un enorme mercado en potencia y, además, donde su competidor Coca-Cola no había logrado penetrar. Así que, se aferró a la idea de convertir a Pepsi en el primer producto extranjero que se vendiese en la URSS. Tras varios años de negociaciones y con el apoyo de Richard Nixon, presidente desde 1969, en 1972 Donald Kendall (presidente de Pepsi desde 1963) firmó el acuerdo con las autoridades soviéticas. Pero todavía había un problema, el rublo no podía ser intercambiado en el mercado internacional. Entonces, ¿cómo podrían pagar los soviéticos los refrescos enviados desde EEUU para su comercialización? Pues con un acuerdo que se pone de ejemplo en las Escuelas de Comercio del llamado countertrade (comercio compensado). Se acordó que los soviéticos pagarían con vodka, convirtiendo a Pepsi en el importador exclusivo del vodka Stolichnaya para el mercado estadounidense.


El siguiente paso a la comercialización del refresco en la Unión Soviética fue la inauguración en 1974 de la primera planta de Pepsi en Novorossiysk (ahora ya cuenta son decenas). Pero no todo iba a ser un camino de rosas, en los años 80 las cosas se complicaron para Pepsi. Aunque más tarde el problema se solucionó, al no participar los Estados Unidos como protesta por la invasión de Afganistán, en 1980 se iban a celebrar los Juegos Olímpicos en Moscú y Coca-Cola tenía los derechos de explotación desde los Juegos de 1924. Además, el 23 enero de 1985 las autoridades soviéticas autorizaron la comercialización de la Coca Cola. Aunque al comienzo la Coca Cola era exportada y sólo se podía comercializar en tiendas para turistas, se había roto el monopolio y Kendall entendió que debía moverse. Se reunió con las autoridades soviéticas para estudiar nuevos tratados comerciales, pero ahora con la presión de su gran competidor acechando. En 1989 se firmó un nuevo countertrade por el que Pepsi se hacía con 17 submarinos de guerra, un crucero, una fragata y un destructor. De esta forma, la URSS limpiaba su obsoleta Armada y Pepsi se convertía durante unos días en la sexta potencia militar más grande del mundo en número de submarinos. De hecho, se cuenta que Donald Kendall le dijo a Brent Scowcroft, asesor de seguridad nacional del presidente Bush (padre)
Estamos desarmando a la Unión Soviética más rápido que vosotros.
Lógicamente, aquella situación sólo duró unos días ya que fueron vendidos a una compañía sueca para el reciclaje de chatarra. A comienzos de los noventa, con la Perestroika de Gorbachov y la posterior desintegración de la Unión Soviética, Pepsi no pudo mantener su posición dominante y Coca-Cola pudo introducirse en el mercado ruso, superando su cuota de mercado a la de Pepsi en 2005.

Tomado de: Historias de la Historia


          Pilot First Officer Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
SCOPE OF THE JOB/POSITION As a pilot flying for R1 Airlines you are responsible for ensuring the safe operation of the aircraft while providing customer...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:58 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Pilot Captain Dash 8 R1 Airlines (Overseas - Sudan) - Avmax Careers - Canada - Calgary, AB      Cache   Translate Page      
The Pilot Captain Dash 8 is responsible for guiding the flight controls for the safe operation of the Dash 8 aircraft and ensuring the functions of agent...
From Avmax Careers - Canada - Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:56:57 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Breaking News: Former SPLA Chief of Staff Paul Malong will be among the five VPs of South Sudan      Cache   Translate Page      
September 13, 2018, Paul Malong will be appointed as the one of Five VP of South Sudan representing the Greater Bhar El Ghazal. Africans Press learned that Taban Deng Gai, the current VP of South Sudan will not be  reappointed as VP. This is due to a possibilities that 3 of Five VPs will come … Continue reading "Breaking News: Former SPLA Chief of Staff Paul Malong will be among the five VPs of South Sudan"
          Breaking News: Taban Deng Gai will not be among the five VPs of South Sudan      Cache   Translate Page      
September 13, 2018, Africans Press learned that Taban Deng Gai, the current VP of South Sudan will not be  reapponted as VP. This is due to a possibilities that 3 of Five VPs will come from Greater Upper Nile. Kiir Mayardit has decided to create a vacancy for Greater Bahr el Ghazal Region. what was … Continue reading "Breaking News: Taban Deng Gai will not be among the five VPs of South Sudan"
          Sudan names ministers of finance, interior in new government      Cache   Translate Page      
Sudan's ruling party named new ministers to the key posts of finance, interior and water resources on Thursday, days after President Omar al-Bashir dissolved the government amid a deepening economic crisis.



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