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          @ExpertsEntrepr Un droit différencié guyanais : la dérogation...      Cache   Translate Page      
Un droit différencié guyanais : la dérogation expérimentale de certaines modalités de traitement des demandes d'asi… https://t.co/dfiWJvNgN0
          கரீபியன் பிரீமியர் லீக் டி20      Cache   Translate Page      
TKR vs BT Match 28 CPL 2018 Full Highlights Cpl 29 match highlights CPL 2018Match 30 Trinbago Knight Riders vs Guyana 🇬🇾 Amazon Warriors Full Highlights
          Comment on Trinbago Knight Riders Vs Guyana Amazon Warriors Today Match Prediction by RKG      Cache   Translate Page      
Thx for watching me... Hope everyone belive in me
          Comment on Trinbago Knight Riders Vs Guyana Amazon Warriors Today Match Prediction by Xxx Bingo      Cache   Translate Page      
<strong>No Dear I Posted Only Cricfrog
          Eeuwenlang geheim verstopt in zeldzame verentooi      Cache   Translate Page      
Het waren de touwtjes die uiteindelijk een eeuwenlang geheim verraadden: de zeldzame verentooi uit voormalig Nederlands-Guyana, in het bezit van het Zeeuws Museum in Middelburg, bestaat niet uit één, maar uit twee tooien.

          Comment on YAHAPALANA GOVERNMENT AND UNDERPINNING POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES (PART 2) by Christie      Cache   Translate Page      
Is the transition you are talking about is that we will be a full fledged colony of India like Mauritius or Guyana?
          #cricket - ft_raj_singh      Cache   Translate Page      
Tbt last night tho 🔥litt asf😣😍🍻 #capture #cricket #guyana #amazon
          Jamaica Tallawahs vs St Kitts and Nevis Patriots CPL 2018 Eliminator LIVE streaming: When and where to watch in India      Cache   Translate Page      
Jamaica Tallawahs and St Kitts and Nevis Patriots will aim to qualify to second qualifier, and both of them will face each other in the Eliminator of the CPL 2018 at the Providence Stadium in Guyana on Wednesday. Both teams have played eight matches against each other with the Tallawahs leading the scoreline 5-3. Watch...
          JAM vs SKN CPL 2018 Eliminator: FPJ’s dream XI prediction for Jamaica Tallawahs and St Kitts and Nevis Patriots      Cache   Translate Page      
The Caribbean Premier League 2018 (CPL 2018) has reached its last stage and today the Eliminator match will take place. The match will be played at Providence Stadium in Guyana and will start from 3:30 A.M. (IST) tonight (September 13). Jamaica Tallawahs (Tallawahs) and St Kitts and Nevis Patriots (Patriots) will play against each other...
          5 Pulau Wisata Termahal di Dunia, Berapa Tarifnya?      Cache   Translate Page      

Liputan6.com, New York - Ada banyak keajaiban di tepi pantai. Tengok luasnya hamparan biru untuk sejenak mengalihkan pikiran dari masalah dan stres.

Di luar sana, terdapat negara yang paham betul potensi yang dimiliki laut. Pulau wisata dengan pelayanan kelas teratas pun disediakan. Ada pulau yang menyediakan pemandu selam pribadi, dan ada yang menyewakan pulau untuk pengunjung yang berminat.

Di mana lokasi dan bagaimana pelayanan di sejumlah pulau wisata itu? Dilansir dari Reader's Digest, berikut lima pulau wisata termahal di dunia.

1. Musha Cay - Kepulauan Bahama

Pulau Musha Cay, Bahama. (Pinterest)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Bila kamu tidak suka keramaian, maka di pulau ini kamu bisa memilih sendiri siapa saja yang bisa datang ke pulau wisata ini. Pasalnya, mereka yang berminat berlibur harus menyewa seluruh pulau mewah ini. Lalu, baru bisa memboyong 24 tamu pada 5 guesthouse yang tersedia.

Pertunjukkan kembang api khusus untuk kamu, sampai acara berburu harta karun juga dapat kamu nikmati sebagai hiburan tambahan. Biaya sewanya adalah USD 39 ribu per hari atau Rp 512 juta (USD 1 = Rp 14.904) sudah termasuk santapan.

2. Cayo Espanto - Belize

foto: weather#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Tak jauh dari pulau utama, kamu bisa menjumpai pulau wisata mungil yang menyediakan koki pribadi, guru menyelam pribadi, pelayan, serta seluruh staf yang akan menyambut kedatangamu. Hanya ada tujuh vila yang tersedia di sana, tepat di tepi air laut sewarna zamrud.

Bila ingin berlibur ke sana, kamu perlu merogoh kocek mulai dari USD 1.595 (Rp 23 7 juta) per malam untuk tiap bila. Jika ingin lebih personal lagi, seluruh pulau bisa disewa dengan harga USD 13.500 (Rp 201 juta) untuk mendapatkan layanan all-inclusive.

3. Pulau Guana - Kepulauan Virginia Britania Raya

Ilustrasi piknik di pantai (iStockphoto)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Pulau ini sebetulnya cukup luas, yakni 343 hektar, tetapi pulau ini tidak memiliki akses publik. Pengunjung yang berminat akan dijemput oleh kapal resort ini dari pulau terdekat (Pulau Beef). Di pulau ini terdapat tujuh pantai pasir putih dapat menampung rata-rata 30 tamu.

Pengunjung tak hanya dihibur pelayanan mewah, tetapi juga bermacam spesies burung, dan pelajaran yoga dan tenis. Harga untuk bermalam di pondok Pulau Guyana dimulai dari USD 695 (Rp 10,3 juta) per malam dengan layanan all-inclusive.

4. Pulau Kokoa - Maladewa

Sunset Maladewa#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Pulau ini asyik untuk liburan berdua bersama pasangan atau bersama keluarga. Tapaki jembatan kayu (boardwalk) untuk menggapai pondok bergaya rumah gubuk.

Namun jangan salah paham dulu, ukuran pondoknya cukup besar. Aktivitas seperti snorkeling, selam scuba, sampai mengenal budaya lokal di pulau bisa kamu nikmati di tempat ini. Biaya dimulai dari USD 900 ( Rp 13,4 juta) per malam.

5. Villa Corallina - Tahiti

Tahitin (sumber. lonestar-travel.com)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Beralih ke wilayah Polinesia, ada yang namanya Villa Corallina yang berada tak jauh dari Moorea di barat laut Tahiti. Di pulau kecil itu hanya terdapat vila, tidak ada jalanan, hanya pantai dan segala elemennya.

Makanan bisa diantar dari Moorea, atau pengunjung bisa naik kapal gratis untuk mengambil makanannya. Harga bermalam di Villa Corallina adalah USD 430 (Rp 6,4 juta) untuk dua orang.


          Spare a Thought for Venezuela      Cache   Translate Page      

Please spare a thought for Venezuela. This, the 33rd largest country in the world and with about 34 million people, the largest proven reserves of oil, the cheapest price of gasoline in the world, and was in 1950 richer than Germany, has fallen on times so hard in this once Latin America's richest country that 75% of the population lost an average of 11 Kg (24 pounds) in weight in one year because of food scarcity. And you might ask: "Why should I care?"

Venezuela is located on the northern coast of South America and shares land borders with Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, as well as Trinidad and Tobago. Officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the country was colonized by Spain in 1522 but gained full independence about 300 years later and 188 years ago, in 1830. Venezuela is a charter member of many important international organizations, including the United Nations (UN), the Organization of American States (OAS), Mercosur (the South American trade bloc), and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), to name a few.

Venezuela is the 10th largest exporter of oil in the world, and its economy is largely based on the petroleum sector, which accounted for over 50% of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country in 2015. Thanks to a huge government subsidy program, Venezuela has the cheapest gasoline in the world, costing $0.11 per gallon ($0.03 per litre) in 2014, even after a 6,200% increase!

Give Me Two!

Venezuela's history, although rocky, has had its glorious moments, including periods of political plurality, as well as oil-fueled economic booms that attracted immigrants from near and far (including Europe) into the country. Venezuela has also had dark moments of political turmoil, dictatorships, and economic gloom, because of various domestic and external factors.

Venezuela enjoyed both a relatively stable democracy, and significant economic growth between 1958 and the early 1980s. During this period, politics was dominated by two parties, and government revenues more than doubled after the 1973 Arab-Israeli war resulted in a huge rise in oil prices. Although the boom would soon turn to burst, it lasted long enough for Venezuelans to become known for the phrase "Ta barato, dame dos” ("It's cheap, give me two") as they bought up relatively cheap goods in their travels abroad.

In the early 1980s, the global oil glut brought down crude oil prices, and along with it, the Venezuelan economy. As a result, the country's foreign exchange reserves ran desperately low, as government debt mounted, and in desperation government devalued the currency by 100% on "Black Friday” (February 18, 1983). In addition, government announced an IMF-backed economic reform program which increased fuel, transport, and utilities prices, and lifted the price cap on some basic goods.

As a result, the country was plunged into economic and political crises, with deadly a wave of protests called the Caracazo riots in which an estimated 300 to 3,000 people died. The prevailing conditions also resulted in two unsuccessful coup attempts (in February and November, 1992), by leftist military officers, led by Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías to overthrow the government. Although Chavéz was imprisoned after the first coup attempt, he was pardoned in March 1994, thus enabling him to contest, and win, the 1998 presidential elections.

The Road to Hell

The road to hell, they say, is paved with good intentions. And if anything, Venezuela's current tragic plight proves the adage, given the innocuous and well-intentioned start of the Chavéz-led Bolivarian Revolution.

Following his victory in the 1998 elections, Chavéz embarked on a reform campaign some have termed "institutional engineering” in a bid to consolidate his power and break the 40-year hold the two leading political parties had on Venezuelan politics. Chavéz also implemented "democratic socialist" economic policies, including the redistribution of wealth, land reform, the creating creation of worker-owned cooperatives, and the attainment of food security and food sovereignty. To implement these policies, Chavéz created social programs called Bolivarian Missions and Communes, and 100,000 state-owned cooperatives.

Venezuela suffered an economic downturn in early 2002, and this, coupled with anger about Chavéz's war on the elites, and his alignment with Fidel Castro's Cuba led to an abortive coup against his government in April 2002. That same month, managers at the state petroleum company, Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), went on a two-month strike over Chavéz's nominations for new members of the company's board of directors. Chavéz had long denounced PDVSA (parent company of Citgo, a US energy company) for its association with the US and business elites. After the collapse of the strike, Chávez fired 18,000 PDVSA employees and replaced them with 100,000 of his supporters, aka Chavistas.

The failed PDVSA management strike enabled Chavéz to take control of the company's coffers to fund his social programs and support his political base. By 2011, some $500 million was siphoned from the PDVSA pension fund to finance government-backed financiers. Such lavish spending inflicted the Dutch Disease on the country, with its fiscal health wrecked, despite increasing exports of, and revenues from oil.

Chavéz's policies were initially helpful, but unsustainable because of the drain on the country's finances. While poverty rates decreased 48.6% in 1999 to 32.1% in 2013, Venezuela had the one of the highest literacy rates in the region, and malnutrition fell from 21% in 1998 to 6% in 2009, price controls led to shortages of goods. Similarly, currency controls, introduced to curb capital flight exacerbated matters by leading to a shortage of foreign exchange, a decline in the value of the Bolivar, and increasing inflation.

Although oil prices increased significantly later in 2002, bringing in huge revenues, Venezuela's economy began to collapse because of what someone called RIDDS: recession, inflation, declining foreign reserves, debt, and shortages. Thus, the huge increase in government spending during the 2012 campaign to re-elect Chavéz ballooned public debt and fiscal deficit. Similarly, the decision to replace trained PDVSA personnel with revolutionaries, and deprive the company of capital decreased oil production, despite increasing levels of proven reserves of oil.

Between 2007 and 2013, inflation grew an annual rate of 27.4% (at least five times the rate for Latin America), scarcity, (especially of food, medicines and essential goods) set in, and foreign reserves fell at an alarming rate of $38 million per day. In short, all indicators pointed to trouble ahead for Venezuela when Chavéz died in March 2013.

Enter Maduro

Following the death of Chavéz, his Vice President and former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nicolás Maduro Moros, became Interim President. Maduro went on to win the constitutionally-mandated presidential elections in April 2013, and was inaugurated as President on April 19, 2013. A former bus driver who did not complete his high school education, Maduro made up for his lack of the charisma that Chávez, his predecessor and mentor, had by being autocratic and continuing Chávez's populist programs.

Things got worse in a hurry. Annual inflation increased from 29.4% in April 2013 to 61.5% a year later. Hyperinflation (i.e. monthly inflation rate exceeds 50%) set in in 2016 when inflation reached an annual rate of 800%, and the economy contracted almost 19%. By September 2016, 15% of Venezuelans were eating discarded food they picked from dumpsites.

In 2017, inflation reached 4,000%, as Venezuelans lost average of 11 Kg (24 pounds) because of food shortages, and 90% of them lived in poverty. To make matters worse, the US government slapped sanctions on Maduro in a bid to prevent him from raising additional funds. Last month, Venezuela's annual inflation rate reached a staggering 200,000%, meaning that prices increase by that much since August 2017. In addition, corruption and crime increased, and people took to the streets to protest against the difficult conditions they were enduring.

President Maduro tried every trick in the book to arrest the country's slide into chaos by increasing the minimum wage four times between April 2014 and July 2015, changing the method of calculation of inflation, introducing a crypto currency, the Petro, as well as devaluing and re-denominating the currency by cutting five zeros from it. Nothing worked.

In exasperation, Venezuelans have been voting with their feet, with an estimated 1.6 million of them having fled their country since 2015, according to the UN agency for migration. The majority of these migrants are professionals and the middle class, thereby depriving the country of much-needed human capital. The mass emigration of Venezuelans has also strained neighboring countries (especially Colombia and Peru, which have taken in almost 1 million, and over 400,000 Venezuelans, respectively), and provided graphic images to a global audience. About two weeks ago, a Summit of 13 Latin American countries agreed to reduce restrictions on Venezuelan migrants, and appealed for more international aid to enable them deal with the inflow of Venezuelans, which Venezuela's president Maduro said was "normal."

Who Cares?

Venezuela's economic meltdown should be of concern to many, including those in the Internet infrastructure industry. With one chicken costing 14 million Bolivars (about $2.2), and banks out of cash, it is easy to imagine how difficult it would be to register or renew the registration of a domain name, or purchase a certificate of authority, not to mention buy hardware such as servers. Such challenges impact many people and issues such as online privacy and safety, as well as security, both within and outside Venezuela.

Venezuela should also be a cause for concern because it has been a major source of funding for developing countries, especially in development cooperation among developing countries in the global South (the so-called South-South cooperation). Between 2000 and 2011, Venezuela spent $7.6 billion (in 2009 USD) on development finance in other countries. In addition, Venezuela initiated the Petrocaribe alliance which provides oil at concessionary terms to its 17 member countries, many of them from CARICOM, the 15-member Caribbean economic community.

Despite the unimaginable difficulties faced by Venezuelans, they continue to make significant contributions to the maintenance of the global Internet infrastructure as well as the policy development processes that underpin it. The Venezuelan ccTLD, .VE is an important part of the Internet infrastructure, along with copies of the F and L root servers. Earlier this year, the .VE ccTLD was reported to have had an additional 48,000 domain names registered compared to a year earlier. This increase, however, is probably due to the high-handed methods of the Venezuelan government which banned the use of all non-.VE domains in the country.

In partnership with the Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LACNIC), Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), and ICANN, Venezuela installed copies of the F- and L-root servers in 2006, and 2015, respectively, thereby helping increasing the resilience of the Internet infrastructure in the region. Venezuela's contribution to the global Internet infrastructure includes the ALBA-1 fiber cable which connects Venezuela, Cuba and Jamaica to the Internet. Other international sub-marine cable projects Venezuela is connected to include the Americas-1 South, the Americas-II, Arcos-1, the Atlantica-1/GlobeNet, and the PAC.

Besides hardware and hard cash, Venezuela also contributes to the global Internet by participating in ICANN, and other similar regional and international organizations. Venezuela has been a member of ICANN's Government Advisory Committee (GAC) since 2014, is a member of the CCNSO as well as ALAC, and its regional structure in Latin America and the Caribbean, LACRALO. Venezuelans also contribute to the work of Internet-related regional organizations such as LACNOG and LACNIC, work in the DNS industry, and have an Internet Society (ISOC) Chapter.

What Now?

In view of the difficult economic situation in Venezuela and the contribution of the country and its people to the global Internet, it is fair to contemplate what can and should be done to support them. Clearly, support from the international community should be coordinated, and tailored to the missions of various organizations or partner providing such support.

Venezuelans themselves should take the lead in the developing a support program or programs. In this regard, organizations such as ICANN and ISOC, along with international development partners (e.g. World Bank, and the ITU), should work with Venezuelans, as well as regional partners (e.g. LACNIC) to develop a support program to address current needs and plan for the recovery of the Venezuelan economy.

Although this might be easier said than done given that the US is hell-bent on regime change in Venezuela, the old adage that there's a way where there's a will applies. ICANN, for example, can help in a number of ways including travel support to enable Venezuelans attend the organization's meetings and providing them additional slots in ICANN'S Fellowship and Future Leaders programs.

ICANN can also support the Venezuelan Internet infrastructure and DNS industry players, including ISPs, registrars, the .VE ccTLD registry, and operators of root server copies. ICANN, ISOC, and the DNS industry outside Venezuela can hire Venezuelans who are or have been active in these communities but were forced to leave their country because of the difficult circumstances prevailing there.

No Condition is Permanent

Venezuela's present predicament is a good reason to recall the Nigerian proverb: No condition is permanent! As tough as things are, they will get better. Just as the United States, which once paid tributes to Barbary (aka Ottoman) corsairs based in Tripoli, Libya, can now choose when and how to lord over that country, Venezuela will one day rise from these ashes. This is a great time to leave a lasting legacy on the minds of Venezuelans, especially the younger generation, and all hands should be on deck to help them wade through their present difficulties. So, when next you get in the mood to sing What a Wonderful World, please spare a thought for Venezuela.

Written by Katim S. Touray, International Development Consultant, and ICT for development advocate


          Tanvir's penultimate-ball six takes Amazon Warriors into final      Cache   Translate Page      
KARACHI: In a tense low-scorer, hometown boys Shimron Hetmyer and Sherfane Rutherford reprised their heroics from Sunday, against the same opponent, before Sohail Tanvir struck the game-clinching blow, with a ball to spare, as Guyana Amazon Warriors made
          Guyana Goldfields schneidet 9,09 g/t Gold über 44,8 Meter      Cache   Translate Page      
Guyana Goldfields Inc. gab gestern Ergebnisse seines fortlaufenden Diamantbohrprogramms bekannt, das aktuell an der Lagerstätte East Walcott in Guyana stattfindet. East Walcott befindet nahe der ...
          Goldaktien leichter      Cache   Translate Page      
Detour erholen sich 2,0% und Yamana 1,9%. Bei den kleineren Werten geben Belo Sun 6,8%, Guyana 6,3% und Vista 4,5% nach. Golden Queen können 9,7% und Torex 3,6% zulegen. Bei den Silberwerten fallen ...
          The Caribbean      Cache   Translate Page      
Where can I meet blackmen in the Caribbean. I will be in Barbados, Guyana and Belize? Any suggestions would be gratefully appreciated.
          Warriors book final place after edging Knight Riders in Thriller      Cache   Translate Page      

Guyana Amazon Warriors booked their place in the 2018 Hero Caribbean Premier League (CPL) final after edging past Trinbago Knight Riders by two wickets on a thrillingly tense night in Providence.

Rain throughout much of the day resulted in difficult batting conditions throughout this Playoff clash, in stark contrast to a couple of nights ago when the Warriors blitzed the same opponents with a quick-fire run-chase in the final group-stage game.

But the Warriors’ heroes from that night, Shimron Hetmyer and Sherfane Rutherford, combined again to rescue Guyana’s chase of the Knight Riders’ 122/7 from the depths of 52/5 after 12 overs.

Having got the target down to 21 from 20 balls both men then fell in successive balls to leave the game back in the balance, and when Rayad Emrit edged Dwayne Bravo to Denesh Ramdin for just a single the momentum appeared to have lurched decisively the way of the Knight Riders once more with 18 runs still needed from 13 balls and just two wickets remaining.

Romario Shepherd had other ideas, though, launching his first ball for a huge six down the ground and adding another boundary in the next over to leave the Warriors needing just four runs from the final over.

Still this extraordinary game was not quite done. Just one run came from the first four balls of Dwayne Bravo’s final over to leave the equation standing at three runs needed from two balls.

Sohail Tanvir then brought the curtain down on a memorable night’s cricket with a thumping strike down the ground for six to spark scenes of jubilation at a charged Providence Stadium.

Having seen eight overs of spin from Chris Green and Imran Tahir produce combined figures of 3/30 on a pitch offering prodigious turn, Knight Riders skipper Dwayne Bravo gambled on front-loading the run-chase with his own deadly trio of spinners.


          TekTone International Expands with New Distributor Partnership in Colombia      Cache   Translate Page      
Franklin, NC, September 11 - In 2018, TekTone opened up new opportunities in Colombia by partnering with Linarq, S.A.S. in Medellin. Since 2008, Linarq has focused on providing healthcare solutions to facilities throughout Colombia, Peru and Guyana, specializing in patient headboards in hospitals. These countries feature a rapidly growing market, and TekTone is excited to bring more healthcare solutions to the area. TekTone began distributing systems in Colombia in 2005, and since then the...
          (USA-ND-Minot) Sr Analyst Operational Technology Job      Cache   Translate Page      
*ABOUT HESS CORPORATION* Hess is a leading international independent energy company engaged in the exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas. We have an industry leading position in the Bakken in North Dakota. Hess is also one of the largest producers in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico and a key natural gas producer and supplier to Peninsular Malaysia and Thailand. The company is engaged in exploration and appraisal activities offshore Guyana, participating in one of the industry’s largest oil discoveries in the past decade, as well as the Gulf of Mexico, Suriname and Nova Scotia. Hess aims to attract, retain and energize the best people by investing in their professional development and providing them with challenging and rewarding opportunities for personal growth. We are always looking for talented professionals who share our values and are passionate about making a difference in the world and in their careers. We strive to meet the highest standards of corporate citizenship by protecting the health and safety of our employees, safeguarding the environment and creating a long-lasting, positive impact on the communities where we do business. For more information about Hess Corporation, please visit our website at Hess.com. *POSITION SUMMARY* Position would assume the responsibility of overseeing projects for software deployments, hardware installations, network upgrades, security implantations and virtualization rollouts, business analytics and data management projects and coordinating OT contract services. In addition to the normal problems that can cause a project to fail, factors that can negatively affect the success of an OT project include advances in technology during the project's execution, infrastructure changes that impact security and data management and unknown dependent relationships among hardware, software, network infrastructure and data. OT projects may also succumb to the first-time, first-use penalty which represents the total risk an organization assumes when implementing a new technology for the first time. Because the technology hasn’t been implemented or used before in the organization, there are likely to be complications that will affect the project’s likelihood of success. Job Role - A OT project manager focuses on the project management life cycle and are universal to all projects. The specific phases within a project, however, are unique to each project and represent the project life cycle. These five process groups comprise of the following. * Initiation – the project goal, need or problem is identified. The project manager is assigned to the project and the project charter is created. * Planning – the project manager and the project team work together to plan all of the needed steps to reach a successful project conclusion. The project planning processes are iterative in nature and it’s expected that planning will happen often throughout the project. * Execution – once the project plan has been created, the project team goes about executing the project plan to create the deliverables of the project. The project can shift to project planning as needed throughout project execution. * Monitoring and controlling – as the project is being executed by the project team, the project manager monitors and controls the work for time, cost, scope, quality, risk, and other factors of the project. Monitoring and controlling is also an ongoing process to ensure that the project addresses its targets for each project objective. * Closing – at the end of each phase and at the end of the entire project, project closure happens to ensure that all of the work has been completed, is approved, and ultimately transferred ownership from the project team successfully to operation *ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES* * Project scope management: the project scope is defined, documented, and approved. The project scope is protected from unauthorized changes, edited with approved changes, and validated by the project stakeholders for project acceptance. * Project schedule management: the project schedule is defined first by the working hours of the project, any project milestones, and ultimately a project deadline. The project team’s availability throughout the project is documented and planned accordingly. The project manager will work with the project team to identify the project tasks and task duration estimates in order to create a project timeline. * Project costs management: the costs of the project are estimated so that a budget for the project can be assigned. Project costs include materials, services, facilities, software licenses, and other expenses attributed directly to the project. * Project quality management: what constitutes quality in the project is defined in specific metrics and agreed upon among the stakeholders as early in the project as possible. Quality assurance programs and policies direct the project work, while quality control inspects the project work to confirm that quality has been ascertained in the work. * Project human resources management: the project manager works with the project team to verify that each team member is completing their assignments, working well with others, and that their participation and performance is reported to their respective managers. * Project communications management: stakeholders will need information from the project manager will need to provide information to the project manager throughout the project life cycle. This knowledge area creates a communications management plan that address who will need what information, when the information is needed, and the best modality for the communications. * Project risk management: risks are situations, events, conditions that can threaten, and sometimes benefit, the objectives of the OT project. Risks must be identified, analyzed, and a response created for the risk event. The probability and impact of each risk event is evaluated to create a risk score to justify the costs needed to manage the risk event * Project procurement management: should the project need to purchase goods or services, a formal process for procurement will need to be created. The plan should address the project’s selection of contract type, administration of the contract, purchasing audits, and contract closeout. Many project managers do not manage procurement, but defer to the organization’s centralized procurement or purchasing department and processes. * Project stakeholder management: stakeholders are anyone that has a vested interest in the project. Stakeholder management is the identification, inclusion, and communication with the groups of project stakeholders. It manages the anxieties and concerns the stakeholders may have about the project work. * Project integration management: this special knowledge area is the coordination of the events in all of the other knowledge areas. How well the project manager performs in one knowledge directly affects the performance of the other knowledge areas. Project integration management examines the interactions and contingencies among the knowledge areas to ensure that the project is adequately planned, executed, controlled and closed. Current Project Examples: * Manage activities related to cyber security remediation efforts. * Manage network upgrades and installation to improve performance in field network. * Manage communications loss notifications resolutions and automation support. * Manage new facility installations or additions for construction activities. * Manage the gathering of information for new project or facilities design. *QUALIFICATIONS, EXPERIENCE & EDUCATION* * Highly motivated self-starter willing to accept responsibility and accountability. * Be able to recognize and solve problems. * Actively participates in safety programs and initiatives. * Excellent communication skills. * Work effectively with others to accomplish organizational goals. * Ability to interpret various documentation and drawings for electronic, electrical, and instrumentation. Including blueprints, schematics, Loop drawings, P&ID's * Understanding of SCADA and XSPOC systems. * Strong understanding of Industrial networking practices. * Knowledge of radio, fiber optic, wired or wireless Ethernet for SCADA systems. * Required knowledge of Layer 2 and Layer 3 networking. * Experience with installation and management of fiber optic systems or related devices. * Working knowledge of PLC systems, industry standard communication protocols, such as TCP/IP, Devicenet, Ethernet/IP, Modbus, and Hart * Familiar with network test equipment usage and best practice fundamentals * Must have attention to detail and provide quality workmanship. _Competencies_ The Hess Way of Working refers to competencies considered absolute pre-requisites for success. How you deliver results is as important as what you achieve. Every employee is expected to demonstrate the behaviors within these competencies to be considered an effective performer and, ultimately, earn career growth opportunities. * Builds Trusted Relationships * Develops Talent * Creates Effective Teams * Thinks Strategically * Inspires Innovation * Demonstrates Courage * Drives Continuous Improvement * Makes Quality Decisions * Delivers High Performance Hess is an equal opportunity employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, gender, national origin, protected veteran status, disability status, or any other characteristic protected by law. Posting Notes: Jordyn Makell Gustafson | Employee | Field/Plant Operations | United States| North Dakota | Minot | | | | | No | 24470
           La OEA aprueba una nueva resolución para condenar la violencia y la represión en Nicaragua       Cache   Translate Page      
La resolución ha recibido 19 votos a favor (Antigua y Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas. Brasil, Canadá, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Estados Unidos, Guyana, Jamaica, México, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, República Dominicana, Santa Lucía, y Uruguay), 4 votos en contra (Bolivia, Nicaraguay, San Vicente y las Granadinas y Venezuela), y 9 abstenciones (Barbados, Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haití, Honduras, San Kitts y Nevis, Suriname, y Trinidad y Tobago).
          HDF Energy Announces Meridiam's Investment in CEOG, Currently the Greatest Project Worldwide of a Power Generating Plant Storing Intermittent Renewable Energy Using Hydrogen      Cache   Translate Page      
The CEOG (Centrale Électrique de l'Ouest Guyanais) project has a new equity partner in Meridiam, a long-term investor whose Transition Fund is dedicated to infrastructure projects related to energy transition. This operation is accelerating the development of the project, which is scheduled to be commissioned in 2020 to produce stable, non-polluting electricity for the benefit of the inhabitants of western French Guiana. Meridiam, a leader in the development, investment and long-term managem...
          Total enters Orinduik block offshore Guyana      Cache   Translate Page      
French oil major Total has exercised its option to acquire 25 percent working interest in the Orinduik block offshore Guyana.

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          ‘The best batting of my life’      Cache   Translate Page      
– Hetmyer ecstatic after qualifying thriller Guyana Amazon Warriors (GAW) star batsman Shimron Hetmyer was one of the happiest persons after last night’s qualifying match between the franchise for which he plays and the Trinbago Knight Riders (TKR). In the match-up, winning of which has launched the Guyana Amazon Warriors into Sunday’s final, Hetmyer completed […]
          Safeguarding democracy      Cache   Translate Page      
Recently, the Leader of the Opposition, Dr Bharrat Jagdeo, floated the idea of the United Nations (UN) taking over the running of the Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM). In response, Prime Minister Moses Nagamootoo was reported as saying, “Guyana boasts of a parliamentary democracy and the Opposition is trying to portray that this country is under […]
          Lady Jags’ Natalie Nedd secures 4-year scholarship      Cache   Translate Page      
The Guyana Football Federation (GFF) and the International Supporters Group (ISG) are proud to announce that for the first time in the history of female football being played in Guyana, a female footballer has been awarded a scholarship to study at an American university. Natalie Need, Goalkeeper for the senior women’s football team commonly known […]
          Eco (Atlantic) Oil and Gas Ltd Announces Total Acquires 25% Interest in the Orinduik Block      Cache   Translate Page      
Eco (Atlantic) Oil and Gas Ltd Announces Total Acquires 25% Interest in the Orinduik Block Toronto, Ontario (FSCwire) – Eco (Atlantic) Oil & Gas Ltd. (AIM: ECO, TSX-V: EOG), the oil and gas exploration company with licences in highly prospective regions in Namibia and Guyana, is delighted to announce that Total E&P Activités Pétrolières, a […]
          

A new Miconia (Melastomataceae: Miconieae) from upland rain forest of northwestern Guyana

   
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Miconia angustidentata, from upland rain forest in northwestern Guyana, is described, illustrated, mapped, and compared with its superficially similar species based on morphological features. It is characterized by its ovate to elliptic 3–5-nerved entire leaves; axillary clusters of 3–5 sessile mostly 5-merous flowers; sparse cover of minute stellate trichomes on abaxial foliar surfaces, hypanthia, and calyx lobes; conspicuous oblong calyx teeth that obscure calyx lobes at anthesis and in fruit; white oblong petals that lack a subapical mucro on the abaxial surface; white stamens with ventrally inclined anther pores; (4–) 5-locular superior ovary; and ovoid-pyramidal angulate seeds with an irregularly rugulate testa and a raphe that extends about 50% the length of the seed. A conservation assessment of Endangered is recommended for this species based on IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria.


          HDF 에너지, 수소 사용한 간헐성 재생에너지를 저장하는 전세계 최대규모의 발전소 프로젝트 CEOG에 메리디암의 투자 유치      Cache   Translate Page      
CEOG(Centrale Électrique de l'Ouest Guyanais, 프랑스령 기아나 서부 발전소) 프로젝트가 장기투자 회사인 메리디암(Meridiam)을 새로운 지분 파트너로 맞이했다. 메리디암의 트랜지션 펀드(Transition Fund)는 에너지 전환과 관련한 기반시설 프로젝트에 집중 투자된다. 이 작업으로 프랑스령 기아나 서부 주민들에게 안정적이고 공해 없는 전기를 제공하기 위해 2020년 위탁 예정인 프로젝트의...
           St Kitts and Nevis Patriots beat the Jamaica Tallawahs by 2 wickets       Cache   Translate Page      
St Kitts and Nevis Patriots won the toss and decided to field at the Guyana National Stadium, Providence against the Jamaica Tallawahs.
          Patriots seal semi-final spot in thriller      Cache   Translate Page      

It was another night of extraordinary Hero Caribbean Premier League (CPL) playoff drama at Providence Stadium as St Kitts & Nevis Patriots sensationally grabbed a semi-final spot with a two-wicket victory over Jamaica Tallawahs with just one ball remaining.

Remarkably, that was exactly the same outcome as Tuesday night when Guyana Amazon Warriors edged past Trinbago Knight Riders; but while that was a slow-burning, nerve-shredding, bowler-dominated thriller this was a record-breaking rollercoaster of a run-fest in which Glenn Phillips’ magnificent century for the Tallawahs would ultimately prove in vain.

Phillips’ 103 from 63 balls propelled the Tallawahs to a Hero CPL record score of 191/5 at Providence Stadium, a ground record that would stand for only two hours as Ben Cutting’s huge six over midwicket from the fifth ball of the final over saw the Patriots to an unlikely victory.

The Tallawahs appeared to have the game in the bag when Ish Sodhi removed both Rassie van der Dussen and Chris Gayle in the 10th over to leave the Patriots 62/3 with the required rate well beyond 12 an over.

But Anton Devcich and Fabian Allen had other ideas, smashing 51 from the next three overs to breathe new life into the run-chase. Allen smashed two sixes in his whirlwind 10-ball 23, and even after he became Sodhi’s third victim of the night the onslaught continued.


          רציו פטרוליום מטפסת שישיה, בווליום גבוה מהרגיל (1.3 מלשח)      Cache   Translate Page      
להודעה זו יש 8 תגובות

מאת: dw
בד"כ כשיש זינוק כזה יש לזה סיבה. הנייר מסתבר והולך כבינגו הכי טוב שלי בשנה החולפת  . יש מצב שזה הלהיט הכי טוב בכל הבורסה בשנה החולפת, או בטח בצמרת. רק מה חבל שהוא רק ניירונצ'יק בתיק (כמו פרידנזון).
בגיגול מהיר הצלחתי למצוא את הידיעה הבאה, על ככל הנראה עוד תגלית נפט בגיאנה, כשמדינה זו הולכת והופכת לסחורה הכי חמה בעולם כיום לתגליות נפט. 
 
 
אקו מי? Eco Atlantic זה יבחוש קנדי, כזה שאף אחד לא שמע עליו, כמו רציו פטרוליום שלנו, שכרגע כבר נסחר ב 80M$ (יותר מרציו פטרוליום), עשה פי 4 (!) השנה בבורסה בלונדון (טיקר ECO.L) ולפי הכתבה total הגורילה הצרפתית (ש"ש 160B$) מתחילה לרחרח סביב התגלית שלהם. 
 
איך לאמר בעדינות? נראה שגיאנה מעניינת את אקסון וטוטאל "טיפה" יותר מישראל. "טיפה". 
באמת בלי להעליב את ישראל, שהיא כולה עיר גדולה אחת בעולם (9 מיליון תושב), עם שדה גז טבעי נחמד לשימוש מקומי ובשאיפה גם קצת ליצוא, וחוץ מנובל הצליחה למשוך בקושי שחקן יווני קטן שרוצה עכשיו להסחר אצלנו בבורסה, בתמחור לא מי יודע מה זול יחסית לסחורה המקומית.
אם נובל יגלו פה גם נפט בלוייתן זה כבר יהיה סיפור אחר. 
בגיאנה מדובר על מיליארדי חביות!  "טיפה" יותר מעניין מישראל. כמובן ליצוא, כי גם הם מדינה זעירה בדרום אמריקה.


          Authorities struggling to weed out corrupt officers – Director admits      Cache   Translate Page      
Contraband in prisons – scanner expected by year-end to beef up security The apparent collision between prison and Police Officers continues to be a deterrent to ongoing efforts by authorities to curb the smuggling of contraband into prison facilities across the country. In a recent interview with Guyana Times, Director of Prisons (ag), Gladwin Samuels, […]
          Police records 23% increase in robberies      Cache   Translate Page      
The Guyana Police Force (GPF) has recorded a whopping 23 per cent increase (37 against 30 cases last year in the same period) in robberies where no instruments were used by perpetrators; a one per cent hike (405 against 402 cases) in armed robberies where firearms were used; and robberies with violence saw a five […]
          Premières week 37      Cache   Translate Page      
Wil je ergens in de komende week naar de bioscoop, maar heb je geen idee welke films er allemaal gaan draaien? Hieronder vind je een handig overzicht van alle films die deze week in Nederland in première gaan.

Onze film van de week is Papillon. Naar welke film kijk jij het meeste uit?

Catacombe

Regie: Victor D. Ponten Catacombe
Cast: Willem de Bruin
Kevin Janssens
Liliana de Vries
Genre: Drama
Lengte: 92 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 12 jaar en jonger Geweld Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Profvoetballer Jermaine Slagter slijt zijn laatste dagen bij een Nederlandse club in de kelder van het betaalde voetbal. Het fanatisme waarmee hij de verdedigingslinie aanvoert kan echter steeds minder verhullen dat hij buiten het veld volledig aan de grond zit. Wanneer zijn gokschuld wordt opgeëist door een matchfixingsyndicaat, moet Slagter alles op alles zetten om zijn leven overeind te houden.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

I Am Not a Witch

Regie: Rungano Nyoni I Am Not a Witch
Cast: Maggie Mulubwa
Henry B.J. Phiri
Genre: Drama
Lengte: 93 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 12 jaar en jonger Discriminatie Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Na een incident in haar dorp wordt de 9-jarige Zambiaanse Shula beschuldigd van hekserij. Tijdens de korte rechtszaak wordt ze schuldig bevonden en verbannen naar een heksenkolonie. Haar nieuwe leven bestaat uit werken op het land met de andere heksen en als een attractie te worden bekeken door toeristen. Shula's lot lijkt te verbeteren als meneer Banda zich over haar ontfermt om 'samen zaken te doen' en de publiciteit met haar opzoekt. Terwijl haar leven besloten lijkt, staat het jonge meisje voor de keuze: haar lot als heks accepteren of het risico nemen en voor vrijheid kiezen.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

María by Callas

Regie: Tom Volf María by Callas
Cast:
Genre: Documentaire
Lengte: 113 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Geschikt voor alle leeftijden
Plot: De documentaire Maria By Callas vertelt het levensverhaal van de bekende Amerikaans-Griekse operazanges Maria Callas aan de hand van nooit eerder vertoonde video’s en foto's. De documentaire toont veertig jaar na haar dood persoonlijke Super 8-films, eigen live-opnames, intieme brieven en zeldzame archiefbeelden waarin Maria Callas voor het eerst in kleur achter de schermen te zien is.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

Papillon

Regie: Michael Noer Papillon
Cast: Charlie Hunnam
Rami Malek
Eve Hewson
Genre: Misdaad / drama / mysterie
Lengte: 133 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 16 jaar en jonger Geweld Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Het epische verhaal van Henri "Papillon" Charrière, een kluiskraker uit de Parijse onderwereld die onterecht werd veroordeeld voor moord en daarvoor levenslang krijgt in een beruchte strafkolonie op Devil's Island in Frans-Guyana, Zuid-Amerika. Vastbesloten om zijn vrijheid te herwinnen, vormt Papillon een onwaarschijnlijke alliantie met de eigenaardige veroordeelde vervalser Louis Dega. In ruil voor zijn bescherming gaat hij akkoord met de ontsnapping van Papillon, leidend tot een eeuwige vriendschap.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

The Predator

Regie: Shane Black The Predator
Cast: Boyd Holbrook
Trevante Rhodes
Jacob Tremblay
Genre: Actie / avontuur / horror
Lengte: 107 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 16 jaar en jonger Angst Geweld Grof taalgebruik
Plot: De gevaarlijkste jagers van het universum zijn nu nog sterker, slimmer en dodelijker dan ooit tevoren, doordat ze zichzelf genetisch hebben verbeterd met het DNA van andere soorten. Wanneer een klein jongetje per ongeluk hun terugkeer naar de aarde triggert, kunnen alleen een groep ex-soldaten en een ontevreden docent wetenschappen het einde van de mensheid voorkomen.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

La Prière

Regie: Cédric Kahn La Prière
Cast: Anthony Bajon
Damien Chapelle
Genre: Drama
Lengte: 107 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 9 jaar en jonger Angst Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Thomas belandt in een klooster om af te kicken. Het gebouw ligt op een geïsoleerd bergplateau, omringd door het adembenemende berglandschap van de Franse Alpen. Hij woont er samen met andere verslaafde jongens en er is niets. Geen medicijnen, geen drank en sigaretten. Geen contact met de buitenwereld, ook niet met de meisjes die in een ander complex wonen. Er is geen andere afleiding dan bidden, het samenzijn in de groep en hard werken in de buitenlucht.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

SuperFly

Regie: Director X. SuperFly
Cast: Trevor Jackson
Jason Mitchell
Genre: Actie / misdaad / thriller
Lengte: 116 minuten
Première: 13 september 2018
Kijkwijzer: Afgeraden voor 16 jaar en jonger Geweld Grof taalgebruik
Plot: Youngblood Priest is een drugsdealer die er aan zit te denken om te stoppen met de hele handel. Hij wil echter nog één keer een grote slag slaan en dan met het verdiende fortuin een nieuw leven beginnen. De vraag is echter of hem dat wel wordt gegund, want Priest kent nogal wat louche lui.
Meer info Meer informatie over deze film

          22 golfers to represent Guyana in Suriname Open      Cache   Translate Page      
Ahead of the upcoming Guyana Open Golf tournament, local pros will get ideal preparation in the rivalry between Guiana Shield countries, which is slated to run on October 6-7th in Suriname. Twenty-two of Guyana’s best are set to wing out to Suriname to participate in this tournament. Guyana will be hosting its major tournament of […]
          Spare a Thought for Venezuela      Cache   Translate Page      

CircleID CircleID: Please spare a thought for Venezuela. This, the 33rd largest country in the world and with about 34 million people, the largest proven reserves of oil, the cheapest price of gasoline in the world, and was in 1950 richer than Germany, has fallen on times so hard in this once Latin America's richest country that 75% of the population lost an average of 11 Kg (24 pounds) in weight in one year because of food scarcity. And you might ask: "Why should I care?"

Venezuela is located on the northern coast of South America and shares land borders with Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, as well as Trinidad and Tobago. Officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the country was colonized by Spain in 1522 but gained full independence about 300 years later and 188 years ago, in 1830. Venezuela is a charter member of many important international organizations, including the United Nations (UN), the Organization of American States (OAS), Mercosur (the South American trade bloc), and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), to name a few.

Venezuela is the 10th largest exporter of oil in the world, and its economy is largely based on the petroleum sector, which accounted for over 50% of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country in 2015. Thanks to a huge government subsidy program, Venezuela has the cheapest gasoline in the world, costing $0.11 per gallon ($0.03 per litre) in 2014, even after a 6,200% increase!

Give Me Two!

Venezuela's history, although rocky, has had its glorious moments, including periods of political plurality, as well as oil-fueled economic booms that attracted immigrants from near and far (including Europe) into the country. Venezuela has also had dark moments of political turmoil, dictatorships, and economic gloom, because of various domestic and external factors.

Venezuela enjoyed both a relatively stable democracy, and significant economic growth between 1958 and the early 1980s. During this period, politics was dominated by two parties, and government revenues more than doubled after the 1973 Arab-Israeli war resulted in a huge rise in oil prices. Although the boom would soon turn to burst, it lasted long enough for Venezuelans to become known for the phrase "Ta barato, dame dos” ("It's cheap, give me two") as they bought up relatively cheap goods in their travels abroad.

In the early 1980s, the global oil glut brought down crude oil prices, and along with it, the Venezuelan economy. As a result, the country's foreign exchange reserves ran desperately low, as government debt mounted, and in desperation government devalued the currency by 100% on "Black Friday” (February 18, 1983). In addition, government announced an IMF-backed economic reform program which increased fuel, transport, and utilities prices, and lifted the price cap on some basic goods.

As a result, the country was plunged into economic and political crises, with deadly a wave of protests called the Caracazo riots in which an estimated 300 to 3,000 people died. The prevailing conditions also resulted in two unsuccessful coup attempts (in February and November, 1992), by leftist military officers, led by Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías to overthrow the government. Although Chavéz was imprisoned after the first coup attempt, he was pardoned in March 1994, thus enabling him to contest, and win, the 1998 presidential elections.

The Road to Hell

The road to hell, they say, is paved with good intentions. And if anything, Venezuela's current tragic plight proves the adage, given the innocuous and well-intentioned start of the Chavéz-led Bolivarian Revolution.

Following his victory in the 1998 elections, Chavéz embarked on a reform campaign some have termed "institutional engineering” in a bid to consolidate his power and break the 40-year hold the two leading political parties had on Venezuelan politics. Chavéz also implemented "democratic socialist" economic policies, including the redistribution of wealth, land reform, the creating creation of worker-owned cooperatives, and the attainment of food security and food sovereignty. To implement these policies, Chavéz created social programs called Bolivarian Missions and Communes, and 100,000 state-owned cooperatives.

Venezuela suffered an economic downturn in early 2002, and this, coupled with anger about Chavéz's war on the elites, and his alignment with Fidel Castro's Cuba led to an abortive coup against his government in April 2002. That same month, managers at the state petroleum company, Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), went on a two-month strike over Chavéz's nominations for new members of the company's board of directors. Chavéz had long denounced PDVSA (parent company of Citgo, a US energy company) for its association with the US and business elites. After the collapse of the strike, Chávez fired 18,000 PDVSA employees and replaced them with 100,000 of his supporters, aka Chavistas.

The failed PDVSA management strike enabled Chavéz to take control of the company's coffers to fund his social programs and support his political base. By 2011, some $500 million was siphoned from the PDVSA pension fund to finance government-backed financiers. Such lavish spending inflicted the Dutch Disease on the country, with its fiscal health wrecked, despite increasing exports of, and revenues from oil.

Chavéz's policies were initially helpful, but unsustainable because of the drain on the country's finances. While poverty rates decreased 48.6% in 1999 to 32.1% in 2013, Venezuela had the one of the highest literacy rates in the region, and malnutrition fell from 21% in 1998 to 6% in 2009, price controls led to shortages of goods. Similarly, currency controls, introduced to curb capital flight exacerbated matters by leading to a shortage of foreign exchange, a decline in the value of the Bolivar, and increasing inflation.

Although oil prices increased significantly later in 2002, bringing in huge revenues, Venezuela's economy began to collapse because of what someone called RIDDS: recession, inflation, declining foreign reserves, debt, and shortages. Thus, the huge increase in government spending during the 2012 campaign to re-elect Chavéz ballooned public debt and fiscal deficit. Similarly, the decision to replace trained PDVSA personnel with revolutionaries, and deprive the company of capital decreased oil production, despite increasing levels of proven reserves of oil.

Between 2007 and 2013, inflation grew an annual rate of 27.4% (at least five times the rate for Latin America), scarcity, (especially of food, medicines and essential goods) set in, and foreign reserves fell at an alarming rate of $38 million per day. In short, all indicators pointed to trouble ahead for Venezuela when Chavéz died in March 2013.

Enter Maduro

Following the death of Chavéz, his Vice President and former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nicolás Maduro Moros, became Interim President. Maduro went on to win the constitutionally-mandated presidential elections in April 2013, and was inaugurated as President on April 19, 2013. A former bus driver who did not complete his high school education, Maduro made up for his lack of the charisma that Chávez, his predecessor and mentor, had by being autocratic and continuing Chávez's populist programs.

Things got worse in a hurry. Annual inflation increased from 29.4% in April 2013 to 61.5% a year later. Hyperinflation (i.e. monthly inflation rate exceeds 50%) set in in 2016 when inflation reached an annual rate of 800%, and the economy contracted almost 19%. By September 2016, 15% of Venezuelans were eating discarded food they picked from dumpsites.

In 2017, inflation reached 4,000%, as Venezuelans lost average of 11 Kg (24 pounds) because of food shortages, and 90% of them lived in poverty. To make matters worse, the US government slapped sanctions on Maduro in a bid to prevent him from raising additional funds. Last month, Venezuela's annual inflation rate reached a staggering 200,000%, meaning that prices increase by that much since August 2017. In addition, corruption and crime increased, and people took to the streets to protest against the difficult conditions they were enduring.

President Maduro tried every trick in the book to arrest the country's slide into chaos by increasing the minimum wage four times between April 2014 and July 2015, changing the method of calculation of inflation, introducing a crypto currency, the Petro, as well as devaluing and re-denominating the currency by cutting five zeros from it. Nothing worked.

In exasperation, Venezuelans have been voting with their feet, with an estimated 1.6 million of them having fled their country since 2015, according to the UN agency for migration. The majority of these migrants are professionals and the middle class, thereby depriving the country of much-needed human capital. The mass emigration of Venezuelans has also strained neighboring countries (especially Colombia and Peru, which have taken in almost 1 million, and over 400,000 Venezuelans, respectively), and provided graphic images to a global audience. About two weeks ago, a Summit of 13 Latin American countries agreed to reduce restrictions on Venezuelan migrants, and appealed for more international aid to enable them deal with the inflow of Venezuelans, which Venezuela's president Maduro said was "normal."

Who Cares?

Venezuela's economic meltdown should be of concern to many, including those in the Internet infrastructure industry. With one chicken costing 14 million Bolivars (about $2.2), and banks out of cash, it is easy to imagine how difficult it would be to register or renew the registration of a domain name, or purchase a certificate of authority, not to mention buy hardware such as servers. Such challenges impact many people and issues such as online privacy and safety, as well as security, both within and outside Venezuela.

Venezuela should also be a cause for concern because it has been a major source of funding for developing countries, especially in development cooperation among developing countries in the global South (the so-called South-South cooperation). Between 2000 and 2011, Venezuela spent $7.6 billion (in 2009 USD) on development finance in other countries. In addition, Venezuela initiated the Petrocaribe alliance which provides oil at concessionary terms to its 17 member countries, many of them from CARICOM, the 15-member Caribbean economic community.

Despite the unimaginable difficulties faced by Venezuelans, they continue to make significant contributions to the maintenance of the global Internet infrastructure as well as the policy development processes that underpin it. The Venezuelan ccTLD, .VE is an important part of the Internet infrastructure, along with copies of the F and L root servers. Earlier this year, the .VE ccTLD was reported to have had an additional 48,000 domain names registered compared to a year earlier. This increase, however, is probably due to the high-handed methods of the Venezuelan government which banned the use of all non-.VE domains in the country.

In partnership with the Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LACNIC), Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), and ICANN, Venezuela installed copies of the F- and L-root servers in 2006, and 2015, respectively, thereby helping increasing the resilience of the Internet infrastructure in the region. Venezuela's contribution to the global Internet infrastructure includes the ALBA-1 fiber cable which connects Venezuela, Cuba and Jamaica to the Internet. Other international sub-marine cable projects Venezuela is connected to include the Americas-1 South, the Americas-II, Arcos-1, the Atlantica-1/GlobeNet, and the PAC.

Besides hardware and hard cash, Venezuela also contributes to the global Internet by participating in ICANN, and other similar regional and international organizations. Venezuela has been a member of ICANN's Government Advisory Committee (GAC) since 2014, is a member of the CCNSO as well as ALAC, and its regional structure in Latin America and the Caribbean, LACRALO. Venezuelans also contribute to the work of Internet-related regional organizations such as LACNOG and LACNIC, work in the DNS industry, and have an Internet Society (ISOC) Chapter.

What Now?

In view of the difficult economic situation in Venezuela and the contribution of the country and its people to the global Internet, it is fair to contemplate what can and should be done to support them. Clearly, support from the international community should be coordinated, and tailored to the missions of various organizations or partner providing such support.

Venezuelans themselves should take the lead in the developing a support program or programs. In this regard, organizations such as ICANN and ISOC, along with international development partners (e.g. World Bank, and the ITU), should work with Venezuelans, as well as regional partners (e.g. LACNIC) to develop a support program to address current needs and plan for the recovery of the Venezuelan economy.

Although this might be easier said than done given that the US is hell-bent on regime change in Venezuela, the old adage that there's a way where there's a will applies. ICANN, for example, can help in a number of ways including travel support to enable Venezuelans attend the organization's meetings and providing them additional slots in ICANN'S Fellowship and Future Leaders programs.

ICANN can also support the Venezuelan Internet infrastructure and DNS industry players, including ISPs, registrars, the .VE ccTLD registry, and operators of root server copies. ICANN, ISOC, and the DNS industry outside Venezuela can hire Venezuelans who are or have been active in these communities but were forced to leave their country because of the difficult circumstances prevailing there.

No Condition is Permanent

Venezuela's present predicament is a good reason to recall the Nigerian proverb: No condition is permanent! As tough as things are, they will get better. Just as the United States, which once paid tributes to Barbary (aka Ottoman) corsairs based in Tripoli, Libya, can now choose when and how to lord over that country, Venezuela will one day rise from these ashes. This is a great time to leave a lasting legacy on the minds of Venezuelans, especially the younger generation, and all hands should be on deck to help them wade through their present difficulties. So, when next you get in the mood to sing What a Wonderful World, please spare a thought for Venezuela.
Written by Katim S. Touray, International Development Consultant, and ICT for development advocateFollow CircleID on TwitterMore under: ICANN, Internet Governance, Policy & Regulation, Regional Registries, Web

The post Spare a Thought for Venezuela appeared first on iGoldRush Domain News and Resources.


          Insbesondere... Darlehen zwischen 2.000 €...      Cache   Translate Page      
Darlehen zwischen bestimmten schweren und .....schnellen Angebot, ich habe Kapital kurz- und langfristige private Darlehen von € 1.000 bis € 500.000 bis eine ernsthafte Person zu wollen, das Darlehen bis hin zu gewähren, verwendet werden. 2% Zinsen pro Jahr nach der ausgeliehenen Summe, weil insbesondere sein Ich möchte nicht das Wuchergesetz verstoßen. Sie können nach der ausgeliehenen Summe auf maximal 1-30 Jahre zurückzahlen . vor allem in Frankreich, Belgien, Spanien, der Schweiz, Estland, Kanada, Portugal, Irland, Italien, Guyana, Französisch-Polynesien, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Französisch-Guayana, Reunion, Saint-Pierre und Miquelon, Mayotte, Romilly-sur-Seine, SAINT-PERAY, BLOTZHEIM, Burundi,... .... Schnellantwort E-Mail:......
          BAHIA PRINCIPE HOTELS & RESORTS — SAVE UP TO $200      Cache   Translate Page      
ADD COPY CONTAINED ON IMAGE AND LOCATION CAPTION (ex: It's time to get away - location, los cabos, mexico)

SAMPLE PRICE

$890 per person*
includes flight + 3 nights
all-inclusive hotel + taxes
  Promo Code
DV32232
Book By
Oct 5, 2018
Travel Between
Sep 7, 2018 – May 31, 2019
Price Found
Sep 4, 2018

BAHIA PRINCIPE HOTELS & RESORTS — SAVE UP TO $200

Discover an all-inclusive experience where everyone can be filled with joy. Whether practicing your swing on the golf course, relaxing in the spa, or splashing at the waterpark, Bahia Principe Hotels & Resorts will make your stay unforgettable.

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  • $35 off vacations of $1,200-$3,499
  • $100 off vacations of $3,500-$5,999
  • $200 off vacations of $6,000 and more
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Questions? Please call 1-800-800-1504 or contact your travel agent.

*Sample Pricing: This offer is available from hundreds of origin cities, but this price, which reflects the offer, is based on travel between Atlanta and Cancun, staying at the Grand Bahia Principe Coba in Riviera Maya. Price is per person, based on double occupancy and select Sunday departures and Wednesday returns, February 17 – 20, 2019, is subject to change. Additional restrictions and baggage charges may apply. See Terms and Conditions for details.

Vacations Include:

  • Round-trip air transportation
  • Choice of accommodations
  • Hotel taxes
  • Round-trip transfers between airport and hotel in select destinations
  • Luggage handling at select hotels
  • Assistance of a local representative while in select destinations
  • 24/7 access to our Destination Help Center

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BAHIA

These all-inclusive resorts are located on spectacular sites in Mexico, Jamaica and the Dominican Republic. Friends and couples can enjoy the adults-only hotels, while family-friendly properties with kids’ clubs and waterparks offer fun for all ages. These all-inclusive resorts feature an abundance of daily activities, a variety of sports, live nightly entertainment and spacious accommodations. more


MEXICO

Riviera Maya

Grand Bahia Principe Coba
Grand Bahia Principe Tulum
Luxury Bahia Principe Akumal
Luxury Bahia Principe Sian Ka'an - Adults Only

JAMAICA

Ocho Rios

Grand Bahia Principe Jamaica
Luxury Bahia Principe Runaway Bay - Adults Only


DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

La Romana

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Luxury Bahia Principe Bouganville - Adults Only

Punta Cana

Fantasia Bahia Principe Punta Cana
Grand Bahia Principe Bavaro
Grand Bahia Principe Punta Cana
Grand Bahia Principe Turquesa
Luxury Bahia Principe Ambar - Adults Only
Luxury Bahia Principe Esmeralda

Samana

Grand Bahia Principe Cayacoa
Grand Grand Bahia Principe El Portillo
Grand Luxury Bahia Principe Cayo Levantado
Grand Luxury Bahia Principe Samana - Adults Only

Service may be operated by Delta Air Lines®; the Delta Connection® carriers: Compass Airlines, Endeavor Air, Inc., ExpressJet Airlines, Inc., GoJet Airlines, Republic Airlines and SkyWest and Delta Shuttle® carriers: Republic Airlines and Compass Airlines; SkyTeam partners: Aeromexico® or codeshare partners: Aerolíneas Argentinas, Aerolitoral dba Aeromexico Connect, Aeromar, Austral Lineas Aereas dba Aerolineas Argentinas, Bahamasair, Gol, Seaborne Airlines, SwiftAir, WestJet, and WestJet Encore.

Pricing Terms and Conditions

*Price is per person, based on double occupancy at the Grand Bahia Principe Coba in Riviera Maya, between Atlanta and Cancun. Sunday departures and Wednesday returns via nonstop service on Delta and certain Delta codeshare partners, and is valid for specific travel dates February 17 – 20, 2019. Advance purchase requirements vary. Other travel days and dates and accommodations are available at other prices. May require travel on specific flights or times; blackout dates may apply.

For travel between the United States/Canada/Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands and Mexico, $25 USD/CAD1 for first checked bag and $55 USD/CAD1 for second checked bag. For travel between the United States/Canada/Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands and Central America (excluding El Salvador/Ecuador/Panama)/Caribbean/Guyana/
Bermuda and for travel within Mexico/Central America/Caribbean, $25 USD/CAD1 for first checked bag and $40 USD/CAD1 fee for second checked bag. For travel between the United States/Canada/Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands and El Salvador/Ecuador/Panama, no fee for first checked bag and $40 USD/CAD1 fee for second checked bag.

Allowances are subject to size/weight limits. Contact a Delta agent or see Excess Baggage for details.
 
1: CAD or EUR amounts will be charged when exiting Canada or Europe, respectively.

Price is not retroactive, and is subject to availability. Price does not include any applicable hotel/resort fees or departure taxes collected by hotel/resort/airport at destination. Does not apply to groups of 10 or more people. Must be purchased through Delta Vacations. Standard Terms and Conditions apply, and are provided online during the booking process for consumers or in the ‘Resource Center’ for travel agents; other restrictions may apply. Prices, fees, rules and offers are subject to change without notice. Not responsible for errors or omissions.

Offer Terms and Conditions

  • Purchase any Delta Vacations flight and Bahia Principe Hotels & Resorts package from any Delta Vacations origin in the U.S. or Canada to Mexico, Dominican Republic or Jamaica, September 5 – October 5, 2018, for travel September 7, 2018 – May 31, 2019.
  • At time of reservation, you must refer to promotional code DV32232.
  • Offer is valid on reservations that include a minimum of one flight on Delta Air Lines, Hawaiian Airlines, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Air France, Alitalia, Bahamasair, Aeromexico, Virgin Australia International, Virgin Atlantic, China Southern, WestJet and/or their codeshare partners; reservations that include only flights on other airlines do not qualify.
  • The hotel discount is based on the standard room charges of each of the participating hotels in Mexico, Dominican Republic and Jamaica.
  • Participating hotels include: Mexico: Riviera Maya — Grand Bahia Principe Coba, Grand Bahia Principe Tulum, Luxury Bahia Principe Akumal and Luxury Bahia Principe Sian Ka’an. Dominican Republic: La Romana — Grand Bahia Principe La Romana and Luxury Bahia Principe Bouganville. Punta Cana — Fantasia Bahia Principe Punta Cana, Grand Bahia Principe Bavaro, Grand Bahia Principe Punta Cana, Grand Bahia Principe Turquesa, Luxury Bahia Principe Ambar and Luxury Bahia Principe Esmeralda. Samana — Grand Bahia Principe Cayacoa, Grand Bahia Principe El Portillo, Luxury Bahia Principe Cayo Levantado and Luxury Bahia Principe Samana. Jamaica: Ocho Rios — Grand Bahia Principe Jamaica and Luxury Bahia Principe Runaway Bay.
  • Minimum 3-night hotel stay required.
  • Minimum package purchase of $1,200 per booking is required. Package purchase includes flight and hotel; or flight, hotel and car rental, plus any optional activities.
  • Discount is $35 off bookings of $1,200-$3,499; $100 off bookings of $3,500-$5,999; and $200 off bookings of $6,000 or more.
  • Maximum discount is $200 off per booking; discount is a percentage of each eligible land component.  
  • Additional baggage charges for checked luggage may apply, as well as any applicable hotel/resort fees or departure taxes collected by hotel/resort/airport at destination.
  • Offer is not applicable to airfare; Ski, Dive or Globus family of brands including Globus, Cosmos, Monograms and Avalon packages; for groups of 10 or more people; and is not retroactive.
  • Must be purchased through Delta Vacations.
  • Discount applies to qualified passengers only. Children staying free in room do not qualify for discount.
  • Discount will recalculate if modifications are made to the booking.
  • No refunds will be issued toward offer. Offer has no cash value. Offer void if qualifying booking is canceled.
  • Programs and availability may vary. Delta Vacations flight reservations may be made up to 331 days in advance of flight departure.
  • Delta Vacations must issue all airline tickets.
  • Standard Terms and Conditions apply and are outlined during the booking process; other restrictions may apply.
  • Delta Vacations is the final authority on the interpretation of these rules and reserves the right to change these Terms and Conditions without prior notice.
  • All SkyMiles Program rules apply. To review the rules, please visit delta.com/memberguide. Delta Vacations airfares will earn Medallion Qualification Dollars (MQDs – U.S.-based members only) based on fare class and distance flown. Bonus miles do not count toward Medallion Status or Million Miler Status. Offers void where prohibited by law. Offers subject to change without notice. Other restrictions may apply.
  • TA: -2% points.

Redemption Instructions

Promotional code will always be validated and appropriate discount will be deducted if terms and conditions are met.

  • Via the Internet:

Enter promotional code DV32232 in the Promo Code/eCertificate box on the Booking page.

  • Via Reservations or Travel Agent:

At time of reservation, you must refer to promotional code DV32232.

DV32232


          GECOM Chairman stalling on UN electoral aid offer – sources      Cache   Translate Page      
The Guyana Elections Commission has seen no movement on the United Nations (UN) Needs Assessment Mission’s (NAM’s) recommendations for technical aid to GECOM since proposals were made public over a month ago.
          Energy MoU with Trinidad & Tobago to be made public –President - -Rowley’s visit delayed      Cache   Translate Page      
President David Granger says the Memorandum of Understanding on Energy Sector Cooperation to be signed between Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago is not a secret document and he will ask that it be made public.
          First Guyanese Catholic Bishop Benedict Singh passes away      Cache   Translate Page      
The Roman Catholic Church of Guyana has announced the death of Bishop Emeritus Benedict Ganesh Singh, the first Guyanese Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church, who passed away yesterday after a period of illness.
          Guyana signs MoU with Austria for improved health care - -upgrade of GPHC A&E under consideration      Cache   Translate Page      
The Government of Guyana has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Austria’s Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology for enhancement of health facilities and the Accident and Emergency Unit of the GPHC could be the first beneficiary.
          Total bought 25 pct in Orinduik block offshore Guyana      Cache   Translate Page      
LONDON,  (Reuters) Total says has exercised option to buy a 25 pct interest in Orinduik exploration block offshore Guyana.
          More trainees ready for careers in oil and gas      Cache   Translate Page      
Twenty-four men last evening, graduated from the TOTALTEC Academy with certificates that equip them to join Guyana’s emerging oil and gas industry.
          Hôpitaux, maisons de retraite : quand le "fait maison" dame le pion à la restauration collective      Cache   Translate Page      
"Manger un repas beau, bon, chaud, que l'on a choisi" contribue à la guérison, estime-t-on au Centre de cancérologie Léon Bérard à Lyon, qui sert du mixé fait maison, varié et frais, en lieu et place des menus uniques et décongelés de la restauration collective. Quand Pierrot Gourdet, Guyanais de 57 ans, est venu soigner son cancer du pancréas, il ne s'alimentait presque plus et pesait 40 kilos. En une semaine il en a regagné quatre et mange...
          Guyana Gold Board’s response to Guyana Times article      Cache   Translate Page      
DPI, Guyana, Ministry of Natural Resources, Press Release, September 9, 2019 With reference to the Guyana Times article of September 6, 2018 headlined ‘Lost $47B Gold Board revenues could have cushioned sugar industry – Jagdeo’, the Guyana Gold Board has no record of realizing a loss of $47 billion to any company during any recent [...]
          Minister Trotman and Government Officials meet second team of PAHO mercury inspection engineers      Cache   Translate Page      
Ministry of Natural Resources, Guyana, Tuesday, September 11, 2018 Minister of Natural Resources, Hon. Raphael Trotman and a team comprising Public Health Minister, Hon. Volda Lawrence, Minister within the Ministry of Social Protection, Hon. Keith Scott, and Chairman of the Guyana Gold Board, Mr. Gabriel Lall, today met with PAHO representative, Dr. William Adu-Krow and a team of engineers [...]
          Spare a Thought for Venezuela      Cache   Translate Page      

CircleID CircleID: Please spare a thought for Venezuela. This, the 33rd largest country in the world and with about 34 million people, the largest proven reserves of oil, the cheapest price of gasoline in the world, and was in 1950 richer than Germany, has fallen on times so hard in this once Latin America's richest country that 75% of the population lost an average of 11 Kg (24 pounds) in weight in one year because of food scarcity. And you might ask: "Why should I care?"

Venezuela is located on the northern coast of South America and shares land borders with Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, as well as Trinidad and Tobago. Officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the country was colonized by Spain in 1522 but gained full independence about 300 years later and 188 years ago, in 1830. Venezuela is a charter member of many important international organizations, including the United Nations (UN), the Organization of American States (OAS), Mercosur (the South American trade bloc), and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), to name a few.

Venezuela is the 10th largest exporter of oil in the world, and its economy is largely based on the petroleum sector, which accounted for over 50% of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country in 2015. Thanks to a huge government subsidy program, Venezuela has the cheapest gasoline in the world, costing $0.11 per gallon ($0.03 per litre) in 2014, even after a 6,200% increase!

Give Me Two!

Venezuela's history, although rocky, has had its glorious moments, including periods of political plurality, as well as oil-fueled economic booms that attracted immigrants from near and far (including Europe) into the country. Venezuela has also had dark moments of political turmoil, dictatorships, and economic gloom, because of various domestic and external factors.

Venezuela enjoyed both a relatively stable democracy, and significant economic growth between 1958 and the early 1980s. During this period, politics was dominated by two parties, and government revenues more than doubled after the 1973 Arab-Israeli war resulted in a huge rise in oil prices. Although the boom would soon turn to burst, it lasted long enough for Venezuelans to become known for the phrase "Ta barato, dame dos” ("It's cheap, give me two") as they bought up relatively cheap goods in their travels abroad.

In the early 1980s, the global oil glut brought down crude oil prices, and along with it, the Venezuelan economy. As a result, the country's foreign exchange reserves ran desperately low, as government debt mounted, and in desperation government devalued the currency by 100% on "Black Friday” (February 18, 1983). In addition, government announced an IMF-backed economic reform program which increased fuel, transport, and utilities prices, and lifted the price cap on some basic goods.

As a result, the country was plunged into economic and political crises, with deadly a wave of protests called the Caracazo riots in which an estimated 300 to 3,000 people died. The prevailing conditions also resulted in two unsuccessful coup attempts (in February and November, 1992), by leftist military officers, led by Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías to overthrow the government. Although Chavéz was imprisoned after the first coup attempt, he was pardoned in March 1994, thus enabling him to contest, and win, the 1998 presidential elections.

The Road to Hell

The road to hell, they say, is paved with good intentions. And if anything, Venezuela's current tragic plight proves the adage, given the innocuous and well-intentioned start of the Chavéz-led Bolivarian Revolution.

Following his victory in the 1998 elections, Chavéz embarked on a reform campaign some have termed "institutional engineering” in a bid to consolidate his power and break the 40-year hold the two leading political parties had on Venezuelan politics. Chavéz also implemented "democratic socialist" economic policies, including the redistribution of wealth, land reform, the creating creation of worker-owned cooperatives, and the attainment of food security and food sovereignty. To implement these policies, Chavéz created social programs called Bolivarian Missions and Communes, and 100,000 state-owned cooperatives.

Venezuela suffered an economic downturn in early 2002, and this, coupled with anger about Chavéz's war on the elites, and his alignment with Fidel Castro's Cuba led to an abortive coup against his government in April 2002. That same month, managers at the state petroleum company, Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), went on a two-month strike over Chavéz's nominations for new members of the company's board of directors. Chavéz had long denounced PDVSA (parent company of Citgo, a US energy company) for its association with the US and business elites. After the collapse of the strike, Chávez fired 18,000 PDVSA employees and replaced them with 100,000 of his supporters, aka Chavistas.

The failed PDVSA management strike enabled Chavéz to take control of the company's coffers to fund his social programs and support his political base. By 2011, some $500 million was siphoned from the PDVSA pension fund to finance government-backed financiers. Such lavish spending inflicted the Dutch Disease on the country, with its fiscal health wrecked, despite increasing exports of, and revenues from oil.

Chavéz's policies were initially helpful, but unsustainable because of the drain on the country's finances. While poverty rates decreased 48.6% in 1999 to 32.1% in 2013, Venezuela had the one of the highest literacy rates in the region, and malnutrition fell from 21% in 1998 to 6% in 2009, price controls led to shortages of goods. Similarly, currency controls, introduced to curb capital flight exacerbated matters by leading to a shortage of foreign exchange, a decline in the value of the Bolivar, and increasing inflation.

Although oil prices increased significantly later in 2002, bringing in huge revenues, Venezuela's economy began to collapse because of what someone called RIDDS: recession, inflation, declining foreign reserves, debt, and shortages. Thus, the huge increase in government spending during the 2012 campaign to re-elect Chavéz ballooned public debt and fiscal deficit. Similarly, the decision to replace trained PDVSA personnel with revolutionaries, and deprive the company of capital decreased oil production, despite increasing levels of proven reserves of oil.

Between 2007 and 2013, inflation grew an annual rate of 27.4% (at least five times the rate for Latin America), scarcity, (especially of food, medicines and essential goods) set in, and foreign reserves fell at an alarming rate of $38 million per day. In short, all indicators pointed to trouble ahead for Venezuela when Chavéz died in March 2013.

Enter Maduro

Following the death of Chavéz, his Vice President and former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nicolás Maduro Moros, became Interim President. Maduro went on to win the constitutionally-mandated presidential elections in April 2013, and was inaugurated as President on April 19, 2013. A former bus driver who did not complete his high school education, Maduro made up for his lack of the charisma that Chávez, his predecessor and mentor, had by being autocratic and continuing Chávez's populist programs.

Things got worse in a hurry. Annual inflation increased from 29.4% in April 2013 to 61.5% a year later. Hyperinflation (i.e. monthly inflation rate exceeds 50%) set in in 2016 when inflation reached an annual rate of 800%, and the economy contracted almost 19%. By September 2016, 15% of Venezuelans were eating discarded food they picked from dumpsites.

In 2017, inflation reached 4,000%, as Venezuelans lost average of 11 Kg (24 pounds) because of food shortages, and 90% of them lived in poverty. To make matters worse, the US government slapped sanctions on Maduro in a bid to prevent him from raising additional funds. Last month, Venezuela's annual inflation rate reached a staggering 200,000%, meaning that prices increase by that much since August 2017. In addition, corruption and crime increased, and people took to the streets to protest against the difficult conditions they were enduring.

President Maduro tried every trick in the book to arrest the country's slide into chaos by increasing the minimum wage four times between April 2014 and July 2015, changing the method of calculation of inflation, introducing a crypto currency, the Petro, as well as devaluing and re-denominating the currency by cutting five zeros from it. Nothing worked.

In exasperation, Venezuelans have been voting with their feet, with an estimated 1.6 million of them having fled their country since 2015, according to the UN agency for migration. The majority of these migrants are professionals and the middle class, thereby depriving the country of much-needed human capital. The mass emigration of Venezuelans has also strained neighboring countries (especially Colombia and Peru, which have taken in almost 1 million, and over 400,000 Venezuelans, respectively), and provided graphic images to a global audience. About two weeks ago, a Summit of 13 Latin American countries agreed to reduce restrictions on Venezuelan migrants, and appealed for more international aid to enable them deal with the inflow of Venezuelans, which Venezuela's president Maduro said was "normal."

Who Cares?

Venezuela's economic meltdown should be of concern to many, including those in the Internet infrastructure industry. With one chicken costing 14 million Bolivars (about $2.2), and banks out of cash, it is easy to imagine how difficult it would be to register or renew the registration of a domain name, or purchase a certificate of authority, not to mention buy hardware such as servers. Such challenges impact many people and issues such as online privacy and safety, as well as security, both within and outside Venezuela.

Venezuela should also be a cause for concern because it has been a major source of funding for developing countries, especially in development cooperation among developing countries in the global South (the so-called South-South cooperation). Between 2000 and 2011, Venezuela spent $7.6 billion (in 2009 USD) on development finance in other countries. In addition, Venezuela initiated the Petrocaribe alliance which provides oil at concessionary terms to its 17 member countries, many of them from CARICOM, the 15-member Caribbean economic community.

Despite the unimaginable difficulties faced by Venezuelans, they continue to make significant contributions to the maintenance of the global Internet infrastructure as well as the policy development processes that underpin it. The Venezuelan ccTLD, .VE is an important part of the Internet infrastructure, along with copies of the F and L root servers. Earlier this year, the .VE ccTLD was reported to have had an additional 48,000 domain names registered compared to a year earlier. This increase, however, is probably due to the high-handed methods of the Venezuelan government which banned the use of all non-.VE domains in the country.

In partnership with the Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LACNIC), Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), and ICANN, Venezuela installed copies of the F- and L-root servers in 2006, and 2015, respectively, thereby helping increasing the resilience of the Internet infrastructure in the region. Venezuela's contribution to the global Internet infrastructure includes the ALBA-1 fiber cable which connects Venezuela, Cuba and Jamaica to the Internet. Other international sub-marine cable projects Venezuela is connected to include the Americas-1 South, the Americas-II, Arcos-1, the Atlantica-1/GlobeNet, and the PAC.

Besides hardware and hard cash, Venezuela also contributes to the global Internet by participating in ICANN, and other similar regional and international organizations. Venezuela has been a member of ICANN's Government Advisory Committee (GAC) since 2014, is a member of the CCNSO as well as ALAC, and its regional structure in Latin America and the Caribbean, LACRALO. Venezuelans also contribute to the work of Internet-related regional organizations such as LACNOG and LACNIC, work in the DNS industry, and have an Internet Society (ISOC) Chapter.

What Now?

In view of the difficult economic situation in Venezuela and the contribution of the country and its people to the global Internet, it is fair to contemplate what can and should be done to support them. Clearly, support from the international community should be coordinated, and tailored to the missions of various organizations or partner providing such support.

Venezuelans themselves should take the lead in the developing a support program or programs. In this regard, organizations such as ICANN and ISOC, along with international development partners (e.g. World Bank, and the ITU), should work with Venezuelans, as well as regional partners (e.g. LACNIC) to develop a support program to address current needs and plan for the recovery of the Venezuelan economy.

Although this might be easier said than done given that the US is hell-bent on regime change in Venezuela, the old adage that there's a way where there's a will applies. ICANN, for example, can help in a number of ways including travel support to enable Venezuelans attend the organization's meetings and providing them additional slots in ICANN'S Fellowship and Future Leaders programs.

ICANN can also support the Venezuelan Internet infrastructure and DNS industry players, including ISPs, registrars, the .VE ccTLD registry, and operators of root server copies. ICANN, ISOC, and the DNS industry outside Venezuela can hire Venezuelans who are or have been active in these communities but were forced to leave their country because of the difficult circumstances prevailing there.

No Condition is Permanent

Venezuela's present predicament is a good reason to recall the Nigerian proverb: No condition is permanent! As tough as things are, they will get better. Just as the United States, which once paid tributes to Barbary (aka Ottoman) corsairs based in Tripoli, Libya, can now choose when and how to lord over that country, Venezuela will one day rise from these ashes. This is a great time to leave a lasting legacy on the minds of Venezuelans, especially the younger generation, and all hands should be on deck to help them wade through their present difficulties. So, when next you get in the mood to sing What a Wonderful World, please spare a thought for Venezuela.
Written by Katim S. Touray, International Development Consultant, and ICT for development advocateFollow CircleID on TwitterMore under: ICANN, Internet Governance, Policy & Regulation, Regional Registries, Web

The post Spare a Thought for Venezuela appeared first on iGoldRush Domain News and Resources.


          Trial of ISIS Plot to Kill U.S. Ambassador to Suriname Gets No Coverage      Cache   Translate Page      
Getty Images
Last year, a few foreign news outlets reported an alleged local ISIS plot to murder the U.S. ambassador to … Suriname. My curiosity was piqued -- an ISIS franchise in South America? -- but coverage has been extremely rare.
To date, no American media outlet has regarded an ISIS plot to murder an American diplomat in Paramaribo as newsy enough to send a reporter there, or even to ask around in Washington. These events are so unusual that the U.S. State Department's most recently released Country Reports on Terrorism, in its section on South America, doesn't even offer a section about Suriname.
Here’s what is known, as best as can be pieced together from local news outlets in the former Dutch colony of 500,000 Dutch-speaking people. (Suriname, by the way, is nestled between Guyana and French Guiana, which are on Brazil’s northern border to the east of Venezuela. One other terrorism-related oddity about Suriname: the son of former President Desi Bouterse -- who had ironically worked on the country’s national counterterror unit -- is currently in a U.S. prison serving time for attempting to support Hezbollah in a conspiracy to traffic in narcotics.)
This story broke on July 23, 2017, when “information from foreign intelligence agencies” and local sources led to SWAT raids and the arrests of two Dutch-Surinamese brothers, Raoul A. (35) and Nasser A. (31), who had started a Sharia law-compliant butchery. Several other suspects were arrested as well. A reported target of terrorist plotting was career diplomat Ambassador Edwin R. Nolan, who arrived at his appointed post in December 2015 and who apparently remains on post. There’s been some unresolved, contradictory reporting about whether the ambassador and embassy were credibly targeted, or targeted at all. But information has been scarce, and the American embassy has not commented.
The brothers were among five suspects “believed to be Muslim” who were initially arrested, according to local reporting. One of the suspects reportedly was the daughter of Ronnie Brunswijk, a member of Parliament and former guerilla commando. Brunswijk confirmed that his daughter, who was riding in the same car as the suspects, also was arrested but was soon released. The two arrested brothers, both born in the Netherlands before emigrating to their parents’ native Suriname a few years before their arrests, were charged with terrorism-related offenses and faced trial in Paramaribo.
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Many months elapsed before more news was published about this caper. The May 23, 2018, issue of The Daily Herald, which describes itself as “the leading newspaper for St. Maarten and the Northeast Caribbean,” finally advanced the story by providing some initial trial coverage. It reported that the brothers regarded themselves as ISIS loyalists and actively recruited fighters to go to Syria, at least two of them from Suriname. At a hearing in May, authorities reportedly produced chat messages that showed Raoul A. had developed “tight relationships” with key people within ISIS. He was described as the “brains behind the Islamic State’s branch in Suriname” and said to run online chatrooms where radicalized locals could meet virtually. Both brothers reportedly were planning to relocate to Syria with their families, but were arrested first.
One of their recruits was a local woman named “Fiona S.” She actually attempted to reach Syria but was caught at the Turkey border and returned to Suriname.
Nothing further seems to have been reported about the targeting of Ambassador Nolen and/or the U.S. embassy. There’s been no news since late May on the trial proceedings.
Surinamese authorities did take seriously an “ISIS terror threat” posted on social media threatening mass killings if Raoul A. and Nasser A. were not released from jail, according to the Jamaica Observer. The posted threat: “Listen to me Suriname and listen clearly. This is a message from ISIS. Free our brothers. We will kill 50 peoples from Anton de Kom University, Santa Boma and Lyceum 1. If you do not take it seriously, we will kill more.”
Until now, Suriname had not been associated with Islamic terrorism or any plot such as this. But the plot -- and a presumably ongoing counterterrorism investigation there -- would register as significant on a number of counts beyond just the fact that Islamic terrorists possibly aspired to murder an insufficiently protected American diplomat, a la Benghazi.
American media ought to go down and ask some questions. Here’s why:
1. Suriname maintains close cultural, political, and trade ties to the Netherlands, which happened to be a source country for many passport-holding extremists who fought with ISIS in Syria. Dutch passport holders and thousands of other European Union citizens who fought with ISIS can hop a plane to Suriname without a visa, at a time when returning terrorist fighters are presumed to be widely circulating through the global bloodstream. As documented here, once Islamic terrorists find the easy breach into a Latin American nation like Suriname, they're in the smuggling lanes to the Texas border.
Furthermore, the State Department’s country reports on terrorism has this to say about Latin America:
Many countries in Latin America have porous borders, limited law enforcement capabilities, and established smuggling routes. These vulnerabilities offered opportunities to local and international terrorist groups ... Canada and the Caribbean -- particularly Trinidad and Tobago -- were sources of foreign terrorist fighters in 2016; the return of these trained foreign terrorist fighters is of great concern.
2. A viable Islamic terrorist cell formed in Suriname is certainly a national security concern. This thwarted plot demonstrates that the security of our diplomats and American tourists in sleepy, out-of-the-way corners of the world may no longer be taken for granted. Our national security apparatus may need to start extending a more penetrating view into obscure former European colonies with lax visa requirements -- like Suriname -- to keep Americans safe.
3. When American diplomats anywhere become targets of purported Islamic terrorist plots, that's a news story. Even with U.S. media facing dire criticism these days, many Americans would still prefer to get news from American outlets rather than small foreign newspapers that may be less reliable. As a former reporter myself, I would suggest to American news reporters that they should please get to it already.

          New UNASUR HQ is a Museum      Cache   Translate Page      
Evo Morales opened a new headquarters for UNASUR in Cochabamba. He called it the "big house of South America," which doesn't make much sense to me, so I wonder if there is a cultural reference with which I am unfamiliar.

At this point, the building is essentially a museum of dreams that could never quite come true. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, and Peru all temporarily withdrew (which the TeleSur article conveniently omits), then Colombia decided that would be permanent, while Ecuador's President Lenín Moreno took away its building and turned it into an indigenous university.

This only leaves Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. As houses go, that's not very big, and one of the rooms is burning down.


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