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          Algerian singer Rachid Taha dies aged 59      Cache   Translate Page      
The singer who blended Arabic music with rock and techno died after suffering a heart attack at his home in the Paris suburbs.
          Algerian singer Rachid Taha dies aged 59      Cache   Translate Page      
The singer who blended Arabic music with rock and techno died after suffering a heart attack at his home in the Paris suburbs.
          Act now: Sign to stop Mohamed Harkat's deportation to torture      Cache   Translate Page      

Please sign this NEW and URGENT letter campaign to save Mohamed from deportation to torture. Minister Goodale has the power to stop this now, however CBSA is pushing through. 16 years is long enough. Please share, and if you are part of a union/local/group ask them to sign as well.  It only takes 1 minute!! Thanks

Mr. Harkat, a United Nations Convention refugee who has lived in Canada for 22 years, faces deportation to Algeria under a highly controversial security certificate. Security certificate hearings take place in secret, which means neither he nor his lawyers have ever been allowed to confront and cross-examine his accusers.

In 2002, under a problematic regime of security certificates that the Supreme Court unanimously ruled unconstitutional in 2007, Mr. Harkat was imprisoned in maximum security for 43 months. He spent years under house arrest, and was placed under some of the most severe bail conditions in Canadian history. All of this without ever having been charged with a crime. The original “evidence” against Mr. Harkat was destroyed by CSIS, and the allegations against him are based on the testimony of an informant who failed a lie detector test and was never cross-examined in court. 

The Harkats have also described how the conditions imposed on them and the harassment they have faced from Canada Border Services Agency agents amounts to “psychological torture.” This is unacceptable.

On October 26, 2017, Prime Minister Trudeau clearly stated: “Nobody ever deserves to be tortured. And when a Canadian government is either complicit in that or was not active enough in preventing it, there needs to be responsibility taken.”

Today, your government has an opportunity to live up to those words by taking action to end Mr. Harkat’s ordeal, and avoid implicating your government in his torture. I urge you to abide by both Canadian law as well as Canada’s international obligations under the UN Convention Against Torture (which outlaws deportation to torture under any circumstances, without exception) and to uphold Mohamed Harkat’s rights by immediately putting a stop to his deportation.

Both the UK and Ireland have recently seen cases of deportations to Algeria being stopped because of the risk of torture. There is no reason why Canada should not follow suit. 

Under the law, Minister Goodale has the power to allow Mr. Harkat to stay in Canada. 

 

 


          He Rocked The Casbah: Singer Rachid Taha Has Died At Age 59      Cache   Translate Page      
The Algerian singer loudly proclaimed his outsider status in France as a punk-bred vocalist who culled from Algerian tradition. He died of a heart attack during the overnight of Sept. 11 -12.
          Algerian singer Rachid Taha dies aged 59      Cache   Translate Page      
The singer who blended Arabic music with rock and techno died after suffering a heart attack at his home in the Paris suburbs.
          Algerian singer Rachid Taha dies aged 59      Cache   Translate Page      
The singer who blended Arabic music with rock and techno died after suffering a heart attack at his home in the Paris suburbs.
          Algerian singer Rachid Taha dies aged 59      Cache   Translate Page      
The singer who blended Arabic music with rock and techno died after suffering a heart attack at his home in the Paris suburbs.
          Algerian singer Rachid Taha dies aged 59      Cache   Translate Page      
The singer who blended Arabic music with rock and techno died after suffering a heart attack at his home in the Paris suburbs.
          Italy’s Diplomacy Is Floundering in the Mediterranean      Cache   Translate Page      



OPINION - September 4, 2018

By Enrico Trotta

There’s no doubt that the Mediterranean Sea has played a decisive role in elevating Italy’s stature on the world stage. The Romans referred to it as “Mare Nostrum” (“Our Sea”), a rather self-explanatory term that attested to Rome’s quest for maritime dominance. Throughout the Middle Ages, Italian merchants staked generous amounts of money and energy on this maritime crossroads of civilizations, eventually dominating it for many years. The resulting emergence of the Maritime Republics (e.g. Venice, Genoa) represented the capstone of Italy’s commercial and diplomatic thrust in the Mediterranean.

In recent years, several Italian political figures urged to parlay Italy’s historical symbiosis with the Mediterranean into a leading role in the region. Former Italian Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano asserted that Italy “knows better than any other country the language of the Mediterranean.” The term “Mare Nostrum” was dusted off by Former Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni, who statedthat the Mediterranean is “a geopolitical priority” for Italy which should, therefore, “take on a leading role in the framework of an international stabilization effort” of the area.

In the aftermath of the Arab Spring, Rome could emerge as a leading actor in the Mediterranean by successfully dealing with the migrant crisis. However, the humanitarian emergency found Italy largely ill-prepared. As the tide of migrants engulfed the country, a heated confrontation ensued between former Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi (who was in office when the migrant crisis began in earnest in 2015) and his major political rivals, including incumbent Minister of Interior Matteo Salvini, the leader of Euro-skeptic and once-secessionist Northern League.

Renzi made a point of helping migrants, eliciting harsh criticism from Matteo Salvini. The latter’s rising popularity eventually led Renzi to play the anti-EU card and reconsider his stance on immigration. He turned pugnacious vis-à-vis Brussels, lambasting it for leaving Rome alone in bearing the brunt of the migrant emergency. Significantly, Renzi went so far as to threaten to veto the EU’s budget.

As a result, the migrant crisis was culpably mishandled by Italy. Because the humanitarian emergency served as ammunition for political skirmishes (both domestic and against Brussels), Italy’s migration policies lacked coherence and efficacy. Such defects are best epitomized by Renzi’s about-face on immigration, prompted in large measure by the rising of the right. Furthermore, the drawn-out confrontation with the EU reduced the scope of Italy’s diplomacy in the Mediterranean, which gradually came to focus completely on immigration.

Flash-forward to August 2018. Italy’s attention is on the “Diciotti” coastguard vessel, which remained docked in Catania for days before disembarking 177 people it rescued off the island of Lampedusa. True to his tough stance on immigration, incumbent Interior Minister Matteo Salvini held off granting the vessel authorization to disembark the migrants, thus igniting a standoff involving the Italian coastguard vessel, protestors and, not surprisingly, the European Union. Eventually, all the migrants were disembarked. However, following in Renzi’s footsteps, the incumbent Italian government is now threatening to suspend EU funding should Brussels continue to overlook Rome’s calls for a more even-handed redistribution of migrants across the Union.

It is clear that Matteo Renzi and Salvini don’t stand on the same end of the political spectrum. However, when it comes to issues that involve the Mediterranean region as a whole (like the migrant emergency), they are both prone to not see the forest for the trees. Indeed, as it repeatedly feuds with Brussels, Rome fails to comprehend that dealing with immigration presupposes acting on North Africa’s festering political and economic instability.

For example, Libya is to this day a political and socio-economic basket case, crippled by an internecine war that shows no signs of abating. As a matter of fact, in July 2018 Matteo Salvini visitedthe country to meet Libyan deputy Prime Minister Ahmed Maiteeq. However, Salvini’s visit revolved around the migrant emergency, as he called on Sarraj’s to cooperate with Rome in stemming migration influxes. Little to no mention was made to Libya’s political tribulations. No concrete economic and diplomatic measures to pacify the war-torn country were announced. Rome’s diplomatic initiative seems shortsighted mainly because, as Libyan ceasefires routinely collapse, Sarraj will likely concentrate on maintaining his grip on Tripoli rather than on containing migration. As a consequence, Italy will come away from Libya empty-handed.

Furthermore, while Rome’s dialogue with Sarraj is in place, its relations with Haftar have soured. Importantly, Rome-Tobruk relations took a major downturn when Italy’s ambassador to Libya suggested postponing the Libyan general elections scheduled for December. The Tobruk-based House of Representatives reacted vehemently, declaring Italy’s ambassador to Libya persona non grata.

Showing a better grasp of the situation, Italy’s prime minister Giuseppe Conte attempted to steer Italy’s diplomatic focus back to one of the root causes of increased immigration: Libya’s fragmentation. In July 2018, Conte stated that Italy should act as Europe’s “main interlocutor” vis-à-vis the Libyan crisis and, to this aim, he vowed to organize an international conference on Libyafocused on its stabilization. Arguably, the conference is also aimed at patching up Rome’s relations with Tobruk so to as to diversify Italy’s Tripoli-centered policy in the war-torn country.

However, as Rome has yet to deliver a roadmap of the proposed conference, Paris appears to have outpaced Italy. With an eye towards securing its oil interests in Libyan National Army-controlled Sirte Basin, Paris has not shied away from playing both sides of the fence: while supporting the UN-backed Government of National Accord, Paris aims at a working relationship with Haftar. Furthermore, Paris is aware that reaching a modus vivendi with Haftar is key to achieving another critical objective in the region: endearing itself to Egypt which, in turn, cooperates with the Tobruk-based House of Representatives to stabilize its western frontier.

Indeed, Macron’s scheme came away from the Paris summit (where, under his aegis, Sarraj and Haftar agreed to hold peaceful elections in December) as the sole credible go-between in the intractable Libyan conflict. Such diplomatic credentials might enable Paris to play a critical role in post-war Libya, whatever the winner, and promote its reconstruction along pro-France lines.

Moreover, Macron is eager to follow up the Paris summit with a France-sponsored conference on the Mediterranean, to be held in 2019. The bottom line is that, while Italy is still trapped in the Libyan labyrinth – with no fall-back position should the Tripoli-based GNA collapse – France has already moved to the next step: capitalizing on the momentum built by the Paris summit to the accelerate the emergence of a France-centered order in the Mediterranean.

Italy appears to struggle with Tunisia as well. So far in 2018, Tunisians constitute the majority of the immigrants arrived in Italy. Importantly, Tunisia’s political situation is far from consolidated, as tension between secularists and Islamists within the incumbent coalition government is building up.

Nevertheless, Italy’s diplomacy vis-à-vis Tunis appears tentative, if not bumbling. Importantly, Matteo Salvini’s undiplomatic remarks on Tunisian immigrants (“Tunisia often exports convicts”) created a stir in the North African country. Considering that Italy will attend the upcoming “Futurallia Tunisia 2018” business forum, and Salvini himself has recently pledged to spend “at least” € 1 billion to stabilize North Africa, such diplomatic missteps can only dilute Italy’s efforts in Tunisia.

While Rome’s historical heritage still garners respect throughout the Mediterranean, it is doubtful whether Italy can now be regarded as the key to the region’s stability. Of late, Italy appears to lack a farsighted outlook toward the Mediterranean, hence its inability to take the lead in constructing both collective and cogent policies designed to stabilize and pacify the region.

Significantly, Italy has limited itself to stemming the domestic repercussions of the region’s instability (principally, the influx of migrants). On the other hand, France has grasped the bigger picture. Specifically, Paris is addressing the root causes of the Mediterranean quagmire (i.e. North Africa’s economic doldrums, the fragility of its political institutions, and the protracted vacuum of power in Libya) as a means of navigating its ramifications for Europe. The added benefit of this long-term effort is the enhancement of France’s diplomatic standing in the Mediterranean. Paris is cultivating ties with both Eastern and Western Libya, while retaining its privileged position in its former colonies of Algeria, Tunisia and, Morocco. Furthermore, Paris’ flirtation with Haftar has been well-received in Cairo.

As Rome’s “Mare Nostrum” paradigm founders, the stage is being set for the emergence of a France-aligned Mediterranean order.

 


          Adolfo Kaminsky : a forger's life by Kaminsky, Sarah, 1979- author.      Cache   Translate Page      
The gripping true story of an erstwhile forger who worked for the French Resistance in Paris, the Algerian Independence Movement, and numerous clandestine organizations over the span of nearly thirty years.
          Putin Says He Knows Who Skripal Suspects Are      Cache   Translate Page      
President Putin reveals that Russia has tracked down the two suspects in the Skripal poisoning and says they are "civilians". Also in the programme: DRC asks mining companies to pay more and the Algerian musician Rachid Taha has died. (Picture: Russian President Putin attends the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok. Credit: Reuters)
          Nigeria is Africa’s best economy – says Forbes      Cache   Translate Page      
A major research firm, Forbes Africa has rated Nigeria as the 2018 best economy in Africa. According to Forbes, Nigeria came top with $172 billion, which was followed by South Africa with $166.735 billion. Also on the list was Egypt as third with $78 billion, Algeria with $66, Lybia :$65, Botswana: $22.675, Ghana :$20.458 Morroco […]
          Algeria blighted by youth unemployment despite recovering oil prices      Cache   Translate Page      
Author: 
Reuters
article author: 
ID: 
1536783690149449300
Wed, 2018-09-12 23:21

ALGIERS: Two years after graduating from university, Ali Lamir, 26, has been spending his days sitting in a cafe in central Algiers thinking about how to land a job.
He is not alone — more than one in four Algerians under the age of 30 are unemployed in a country that remains heavily reliant on exports of oil and gas, despite numerous official promises of economic diversification.

Main category: 

          9/13/2018: ARTS & LIFESTYLE: Rachid Taha dies in Paris home      Cache   Translate Page      

French-Algerian singer Rachid Taha (pictured) died last night of a heart attack in his sleep at his Paris home, according to French media reports. He was 59 years old. Taha was born in the city of Oran, Algeria, but moved to France with his family at...
           Comment on Safia Ketou: The First Algerian Sci-fi Novelist of Post-independence Algeria by Speculative Fiction in Translation #8: Solarpunk, Nexhumans, and Ball Lightning       Cache   Translate Page      
[…] “The Mauve Planet” by Safia Ketou, translated from the French by Nadia Ghanem (Arablit.org, August 13) […]
          Algerian generals, others fired without explanation      Cache   Translate Page      
ALGIERS, Algeria (AP) — Heads have been rolling in the Algerian army, the North African nation’s most respected institution, and in other security services, with generals in top posts fired – without explanation – at a rate never before seen. The across-the-board changes, and the silence, are highlighting the opaque nature of the nation’s power […]
          Iconic Algerian-French singer Rachid Taha dies aged 59       Cache   Translate Page      
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          Algeria for taxon Echinanthus schweinfurthi devriesi Amard, Collignon & Roman, 1983 †      Cache   Translate Page      
Distribution "Algeria" for taxon Echinanthus schweinfurthi devriesi Amard, Collignon & Roman, 1983 † has been added by Andreas Kroh via the MS Access interface on 2017-09-11T08:37:40+00:00
          South Africa:Aquatics - SA Team Take Medals Tally Up to 15 in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
[Sascoc] The South African swimming team added eight more medals to their tally (two gold, four silver and two bronze) on Tuesday's second day of the 13th CANA Africa Swimming and Open Water Championships in Algiers, Algeria.
          Astrology: Update of Rachid Taha's Horoscope      Cache   Translate Page      
Rachid Taha (Arabic: رشيد طه‎; 18 September 1958 – 12 September 2018) was an Algerian singer and activist based in France described as "sonically adventurous." His music was influenced by many different styles such as rock, electronic, punk and raï. Taha was born in 1958 in Sig (Mascara Province), Algeria, although...
          Niger: Niger: Country Operation Update, August 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Algeria, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan

KEY INDICATORS

1,536 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – August 2018
2,094 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
32,183 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi region .

Operational Context The key situations include:

1. The Mali situation: began in 2012 with the outbreak of conflict in northern Mali. The regions of Tillaberi and Tahoua bordering Mali and hosting the majority of the refugees are increasingly affected by insecurity and terrorism. A State of Emergency was declared last year, and extended this year. There are currently 58,304 Malian refugees in Niger. UNHCR supports the socioeconomic integration of these refugees and the closure of the camps by the end of 2019 through urbanization and other programmes aimed at integration.

2. The Nigeria situation: began in 2013, with the arrival of the first Nigerian refugees across the border fleeing Boko Haram. The situation deteriorated with the first attacks in Niger territory in 2015. There are over 250,000 displaced persons in the region. The majority live in spontaneous sites or with the local population, while UNHCR manages one refugee camp, with 14,130 people.
An EU Trust Fund project is ongoing in Diffa region, aimed at supporting economic recovery and long term solutions through the construction of durable housing.

3. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): The displaced population in the Diffa region is extremely mixed, including refugees, IDPs and returnees. Efforts are underway to complete biometric registration of all displaced persons, including IDPs, who often face similar protection risks as refugees. However, the IDP situation in Niger has become more complex with increasing insecurity in the regions of Tillaberi and Tahoua, bordering Mali. In 2018, attacks and insecurity in the area have resulted in the internal displacement of at least 32,183 people (with a huge increase in Abala department this month). Protection monitoring, advocacy, capacity building and coordinated efforts with humanitarian actors are ongoing to ensure an adequate response to the situation.

4. Mixed Migration: Niger is a major crossroads of migratory movements northwards towards Libya,
Algeria and the Mediterranean. These migratory flows constitute mixed migration, including economic migrants as well as persons in need of international protection. In Agadez, UNHCR works to identify asylum seekers within the migratory flows and works with the government, as well as IOM and NGOs to provide these persons with information and assistance. 2,091 persons, mostly Sudanese, are currently profiled by UNHCR in Agadez. 25% are minors and 222 are unaccompanied or separated children. The situation has become more complex, with the addition of downward movements from Libya and Algeria. A new humanitarian centre is being built to accommodate and screen those seeking protection.

5. Emergency Transit Mechanism (ETM): This unique programme aims to provide life-saving protection, assistance and long-term solutions to extremely vulnerable refugees trapped in detention in Libya, through temporary evacuation to Niger. The aim is to deliver protection and identify durable solutions, including resettlement for these refugees, who are mainly Eritrean and Somalian. Their profiles mainly include survivors of torture or other forms of violence in the country of origin and/or transit countries (e.g. Libya) and others with compelling protection needs. Many of them are unaccompanied children (216) and women and girls at risk. To date, 1,536 people have been evacuated from Libya to Niger and a total of 399 individuals have departed for resettlement from Niger to France, the Netherlands, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland. Other countries offering resettlement places are Belgium, Canada, Germany, Norway the UK, and the USA.


          Singer Rachid Taha, who fused Arabic music and rock, dies      Cache   Translate Page      

The Algerian singer who at times wore blue contact lenses to protest anti-Arab prejudice in his adoptive France died overnight after a heart attack at his home in the Paris suburb of Les Lilas.
          Algerian singer Rachid Taha dies at 59      Cache   Translate Page      
Singer Rachid Taha, giant of 1980s French rock, whose group Carte de Séjour remade the Charles Trénet classic “Douce France”, died aged 59 of a heart attack on the night of Sept. 11, France24 reported on Sept. 12.
          *** Azeffoun ⵄⵣⴻⴼⴼⵓⵏ أزفون (anciennement Port-Gueydon), petite ville situé sur la coté méditéranééne entre Tigzirt et Bejaia dans la wilaya de Tizi Ouzou *** #dzair #djazair #algeria #algerie #kabyle #kabylie #Azeffoun #Tiziouzou #mediterranee #afriquedun      Cache   Translate Page      

ⴰⴳⵀⵉⵍⴻⵙ posted a photo:

*** Azeffoun ⵄⵣⴻⴼⴼⵓⵏ أزفون (anciennement Port-Gueydon), petite ville situé sur la coté méditéranééne entre Tigzirt et Bejaia dans la wilaya de Tizi Ouzou *** #dzair #djazair #algeria #algerie #kabyle #kabylie #Azeffoun #Tiziouzou #mediterranee #afriquedun

View on Instagram ift.tt/2CP12f6


          ALGERIA : Ali Bali sees the end of the tunnel for Hydra's Radisson Blu      Cache   Translate Page      
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          ALGERIA : International Policy Solutions to sell Sonatrach in the US      Cache   Translate Page      
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          The History of the United States Part 6 (1918-1945) The Second Era      Cache   Translate Page      


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World War II

World War II was the bloodiest war in human history. Over 50 million human beings died in it. It has been studied massively by scholars among from across the spectrum of humanity. Also, it is a war that made us aware of the sacrifice of heroes who defeated Nazism. Like always, we memorize the victims of the evil Holocaust. World War II existed in many phases like the coming of war, the rise of fascist and authoritarian empires, the war itself, and the aftermath of World War II. World War II is directly related to WWI and the Great Depression. The event of WWI ended with many nations suffering economic recessions. Later, dictatorships would rise up that exploited the suffering of peoples in order for these authoritarian rulers to promote racism, bigotry, xenophobia, and ultimately genocide against innocent human beings. By November 1918, Germany surrendered to the Allied forces in ending World War One. The peace agreement was formed in 1919 with delegates from 27 nations. Most of the decisions in that agreement were established by America, France, and Great Britain. Germany and Russia weren’t there. The Treaty of Versailles was hated by Germany since it forced Germany to pay monumental reparations for its role in WWI. Italy and Japan wanted more from the deal too. Wilson thought that this agreement would end wars worldwide, but it didn’t. The 1920’s saw many countries move into democracy and freedom. Other nations came into the opposite direction in embracing dictatorships and totalitarianism. Totalitarianism means that a single party or one solitary leader controls every economic, social, and cultural aspects of people in one country. Totalitarianism would spread massively in the world by the 20th century. The 1917 Russian Revolution led Stalin to take power. Ironically, Lenin and especially Trotsky were critics of Stalin because of his totalitarian tendencies and his reckless actions. So, Joseph Stalin took power after the Russian civil war. That brutal civil war caused starvation, famine, and the deaths of millions of Russians. Lenin, before he died, moderated some of his economic policies.

By 1924, Stalin took over the Communist Party in Russia. Stalin was cruel, a murderer, and a tyrant. He regularly allowed the murder of his rivals and even fellow Communists who disagreed with him. He grew the industrial power of many farms. His Great Terror program murdered Communists who opposed him in the 1930’s. About one million people were imprisoned. The purge eliminated most of the leading officers of the Red Army plus others. Stalin promoted propaganda to maintain his vicious rule. He also violated religious freedom by destroying churches and suppressing religious expression throughout the Soviet Union. Stalin went so far that even to this day; many people falsely view every Communist and every socialist as equivalent to Stalin. Stalin ironically did more to slander socialism than any reactionary extremist could ever do.  Italian totalitarianism rose after Italy being a victor of WWI. Ironically, Italy was once part of the Allied forces during WWI. Italy didn’t get lands on the Adriatic coast that it wanted. Italy experienced a depression after WWI as well.

Veterans in Italy had trouble to find work. The communist party was growing and the government had trouble in trying to adequately handle economic issues. Later, Benito Mussolini rose up in political power. He was once more liberal and then became a dedicated fascist. By 1919, Mussolini created the Fasci di Combattimento or the Fascist Party. This was a far right wing group that promoted nationalism and wanted to control Italy. He had his followers. They were the Black shirts. These criminals fought communists and socialists in the streets of Italy. Italian King Victor Emmanuel III feared revolution. So, he asked Mussolini to form a new government. Benito was called Il Duce or the leader. Benito controlled the government, the army, etc. after years of conflict. He later ended political parties. He controlled the press. He formed a secret police. He promoted brainwashing involving youth groups and Mussolini opposed strikes. He hated liberalism and socialism. Fascism was spreading like a cancer in the world.

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The Further Rise of Fascism

For a time before the rise of Hitler and after World War One, Germany was a democracy. This was the Weimar Republic which was formed in the German town in Weimar.  It suffered struggles because of the economic problems in 1920’s Germany. High inflation and huge economic troubles caused the Weimar Republic to be on the brink of collapse. By the 1930’s, the Great Depression was global and further harmed the Weimar Republic.  Socialist groups were in existence desiring change. Also, antidemocratic far right groups were in existence like the National Socialist German Workers’ Party or the Nazi Party. They threatened the republic. The Nazis were not socialists. They hated socialism, communism, and other beliefs that promoted workers’ rights and class interests. Socialism believes in class struggle and racial equality while the Nazis believed in white supremacy and racism. Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party. Hitler was the son of an Austrian civil servant. Hitler also was a decorated World War I soldier and a failed artist. He was near madness and he was completely evil. He joined the small Nazi Party after the war and ruled it later on. He was in prison because his party tried to cause a rebellion in an attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic. His book that he wrote in prison was entitled, Mein Kampf or My Struggle. It scapegoated Jewish people, socialists, communists, etc. for the economic problems in Germany. He was very anti-Semitic and he hated Jewish people greatly. Anti-Semitism has been in Europe for centuries and Hitler promoted pseudo-scientific theories as a means to proclaim his racist ideologies. Mein Kampf was a national bestseller in Germany. This book wanted Nazis to have global domination and the extermination of Jewish people plainly speaking. The book falsely assumed that black people were inferior, which is a lie. Germany by the 1930’s had unemployment, hunger, homelessness, and economic collapse. The Nazis gained control by the Germany government by January 1933.

By that time, the president of the Weimar Republic appointed Hitler as chancellor of Germany. Hitler was later President and increased his power massively. Hitler made his powers unchecked by the German parliament or the Reichstag. In 1935, the Weimar Republic’s institutions were silenced. Hitler was the sole ruler of Germany. Hitler was a totalitarian like Mussolini and France. Hitler formed a secret police that crushed dissent. The state controlled press the praised him. He promoted Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls to indoctrinate the youth with Nazi ideas. By the late 1930’s, Hitler used rearmament and public works projects. The Germans cheered for him at Nazi rallies. He attacked Jewish people, communists, and socialists. Many Jewish people suffered abuse, discrimination, and murder by the Nazis and their supporters as well. Japan once saw democracy grow in the 1920’s. There were trade unions, men voting, and other parties formed. This ended with the Great Depression. By the 1930’s, Japan moved into a more militaristic direction. Japan had a constitutional monarchy ruled by one emperor. Japan used its military to attack Manchuria in 1931. They moved a more new regime called Manchukuo in Manchuria. They gained more natural resources in Asia by invasion. They also invaded China to steal Chinese railroads and coastal resources. They also conquered Nanjing where Japanese soldiers murder more than 200,000 Chinese people and many women were raped (called the Rape of Nanjing). Militarism spread in Italy, Germany, and Japan.

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The League of Nations was very weak by America refusing to join it. The League of Nations had no army, no navy, and no power to enforce its proclamations. Hitler and Mussolini harmed societies. Germany’s economy grew from 1933 to 1936. He or Hitler wanted all Germanic peoples to be united in one Reich or state. He wanted to have Lebensraum or living space for Germanic peoples. He sent German troops to the Rhineland by 1936 and the League of Nations didn’t respond to stop him. Mussolini invaded Ethiopia in 1935, which was an independent African nation. Haile Selassie or the leader of Ethiopia wanted the League of Nations to respond and help them, but the League of Nations refused to do so. Ethiopia was conquered until years later when Ethiopia defeated the Italian invaders. Fascists fought in the Spanish Civil War. It lasted from 1936 to 1939. It was about the fascist nationalists fighting against Spain’s democratic Republican government. Hitler and Mussolini aided Franco and the Spanish fascists during the civil war. General Francisco Franco tested his military technology in the war. The Soviet Union aided the Republican forces. France, Britain, and the United States remained on the sidelines mostly (except for some Americans and other Westerners volunteering to join the Republican cause). The Fascists won the Spanish civil war unfortunately.


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Isolationism vs. Interventionism

By the 1930’s, France and Britain wanted appeasement in dealing with the aggressive, fascist nations of Nazi Germany, etc. This wanted to make concessions to prevent enemy nations from going forward with all-out war and maintain peace. This policy didn’t work as the fascist leaders would be bolder to try to conquer more lands unjustly. Some appeasers viewed World War I as so bloody that they wanted peace at any cost. Some believed that the Soviet Union was more of a threat than Germany or Italy. Franklin Delano Roosevelt wanted a Good Neighbor policy with Latin America. He improved relations with the Soviet Union. Back then, at first, he didn’t take a forceful line against Germany aggression. He wanted to focus on its American problems and later embraced isolationism. FDR would later reject isolationism. Hitler in the spring of 1938 conquered Austria. He formed the Anschluss in Austria. He conquered Sudenteland in the fall of 1938. That region of western Czechoslovakia was many ethnic Germans living there. Britain and France appeased Nazi Germany during the Munich Conference. Hitler and British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain plus French premier Edouard Daladier allowed Hitler to rule Sudetenland in order to try to get peace. Chamberlain came to London and praised the Munich Pact. He was wrong as war would occur 11 months later.

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt later condemned aggression in Asia and he did little to stop it. There was the 1937 attack on China. It shocked Americans and the rape of Nanjing would come in December of 1937. Japan attacked with no declaration of war. China experienced terrorism by Japan forces among its cities like in Shanghai and Nanjing. 3 American sailors were killed and the United States gunboat Panay on the Chang River was sank. FDR criticized Japan’s aggression in a speech in Chicago on October 5, 1937. He condemned Japanese attacks on civilian populations. He also said that no part of the war is truly isolated form the world. He wanted an alliance of nations to promote peace against aggression. He was criticized by many for his interventionist stance. Japan continued to invade more territories. France and Britain couldn’t stop Hitler’s aggression. Hitler conquered all of Czechoslovakia into German hands. This alarmed France and Britain. They started to prepare plans for a defensive measure against the Nazis. France and Britain said that if Nazi invaded other territories, then war would transpire. Britain and France signed an agreement with Poland aiding them if Hitler invaded Poland. Hitler wanted the Soviet Union to be a buffer against Poland. So, he or Adolf Hitler would not fight 2 fronts in a war.

That is why Germany signed the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact with the Soviets on August 23, 1939. They promised to not attack each other. They also agreed to invade and divide up Poland. This aggressive agreement shocked the world. It was one of the biggest mistakes of the Soviet Union. During the early mornings of September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland with a blitzkrieg strike. Fast moving tanks and soldiers conquered Poland. The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east on September 17, 1939. France and Britain did nothing to help Poland. Poland was soon defeated by the end of September. World War II started with the Nazi invasion of Poland. The Axis Powers were Germany, Italy, Japan, and other nations. The Allies included Britain, France, and later other countries like America, China, plus the Soviet Union. During the spring of 1940, Germany invaded Denmark and Norway on April 9, 1940. By May 10, he used his blitzkrieg forces into the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. His army was fast and powerful. Laster, he fought France. There was the Maginot Line and other areas. In May 1940, Germany moved into the Ardennes and British forces escaped form Dunkirk. Soon, France was defeated and conquered. It took only 35 days for Hitler to rule over France. The Nazis marched in Paris.

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Winston Churchill gave speeches to Parliament and other places in England to fight the Nazi threat. He said on June 4, 1940 that he would fight everywhere against the Nazis and he won’t surrender. He rallied the British nation. They prepared for battles. Soon, Hitler invaded Britain via Operation Sea Lion. He or Hitler wanted the German air force of the Luftwaffe to bomb the British Royal Air Force. He wanted to control the British skies. The air battle continued between England and the Nazis. The Nazis attacked on July of 1940 starting the Battle of Britain. Almost 1,000 British planes were lost. More than 1,700 Nazi planes were lost. The Blitz included the Nazis destroying civilian infrastructure in Britain. Churches, homes, factories, schools, and other areas were bombed. Many British people lived in subways to escape the bombing campaign from Germany. Later, Hitler halted invasion attempts and the British were victorious. While this was going on, Winston Churchill wanted America to ally with him in fighting the Nazis. Many viewed this war as a fight for democracy globally. Nazis threatened human freedoms worldwide and that’s true.

Back then, America was mostly isolationist. President Roosevelt agreed with Churchill that the Nazi threat was real, but FDR knew that most Americans were opposed to U.S. intervention. The Great Depression was just ending. Many Americans wanted to focus on domestic affairs. The isolationist movement grew after the Nye Committee (named after Congressman Gerald Nye of South Dakota) saying that corporate interests benefited from World War One. Congress even passed the Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937. These laws used restrictions on American trade during the time of war. One example of this policy was Americans were forbidden to sail on ships owned by belligerents or nations at war. Americans were banned from making loans to belligerents or selling them arms and munitions. These laws didn’t make a distinction between aggressors like Nazis and Italy and victims like Poland or Great Britain and France. The interventionists wanted the support of America to giave great aid to the Allied cause.

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Roosevelt was angry at the limitations of the Neutrality Acts. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was anti-Nazi and promoted democracies. Congress passed the Neutrality Act of 1939. This act was different in that it makes it legal to have a cash and carry policy. This allowed belligerent nations to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships. The British navy controlled the seas. This policy allowed America to aid the British economically. Some Americans didn’t like Roosevelt’s pro-Allies stance. These people wanted isolation and neutrality even in the midst of millions of Jewish people dying by the Holocaust. Isolationists and interventionists debated each other greatly in 1940 and 1941. This came when Britain was alone in Europe fighting the Nazis. Some interventionists wanted to aid the British as a way to keep America out of the war militarily. One group promoting this view was the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Isolationists wanted neutrality. They wanted no funding of Allies since they believed that it would ultimately cause war against the Axis. Many of the isolationists were indeed racists and pro-Nazis.  The America First Committee was an isolationist group. Charles Lindbergh was one leading isolationist who condemned the Soviet Union and Japan while not massively criticizing the Axis Powers back then (until Pearl Harbor). The American First Committee had rallies nationwide. American journalist Edward R. Murrow reported news during the Battle of Britain. He exposed the fact that the Nazis were bombing civilian targets. This motivated interventionists to continue in the fight to defend democracy. Germany, Italy, and Japan had the Tripartite Pact in September of 1940. This agreement wanted each nation to defend each other in case they were attacked by another power.

Congress passed the Selective Service Act. This was a peacetime draft. It gave military training of 1.3 million troops and 800,000 reserve troops every year. Also, President Roosevelt aided Great Britain more. He gave 50 WWI era battleships in eight British defense bases. He did this without the consent of Congress as it was an emergency in his mind. FDR soon was elected for an unprecedented third time against Republican nominee Wendell L. Willkie of Indiana. Willkie accused FDR of not handling economic and foreign policy affairs the right way. Yet, most Americans wanted FDR to maintain the course of American society. Once re-elected, President Franklin Roosevelt supported Britain even more. FDR was short on funds from the cash and carry goods program. FDR addressed Congress on January 6, 1941.  He spoke of the four freedoms. They were the freedom of speech, the freedom of worship, the freedom from want, and the freedom from fear. These freedoms were threatened by the Nazi and Japanese militarism. Roosevelt wanted America to aid the Allies in order to stop the Nazi empire. Roosevelt wanted to promote America as the “great arsenal for democracy.” Britain wanted help and America gave the UK help. In March of 1941, Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act. It was numbered 1776 after the big debate among isolationists and interventionists. The act gave Roosevelt the power to send and lease plus lend resources to allies in defense of America. By 1945, America sent more than $40 billion of Lend-Lease aid to the Allies plus to the Soviet Union. It was an act of economic war against the Nazis and the rest of the Axis Powers.

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The historic Atlantic Charter promoted an alliance among Great Britain and America. It occurred on August of 1941. This was when President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill met secretly on a warship of the coast of Newfoundland. They walked about the British response in the world. They also wanted to talk about the future after the war ended and after Hitler was defeated. Both of them signed the Atlantic Charter, which promoted national self-determination and an international system of general security. Roosevelt was more apt to oppose colonialism while Churchill is well known to have supported colonialism including the concept of the British Empire. Hitler knew of these things. He knew America was funding the Allies. So, he responded. American ships escorted arms shipments to Iceland and the British picked them up and sent them to England. By the fall of 1941, Hitler used German U-boats of submarines to attack American ships. Many U-boats shot at the USS Greer, hit the USS Kearny, and the USS Rueben James. Over 100 sailors were killed by these acts. Many Americans were angered. This was close to America declaring war on Germany. America by this time was a neutral nation, but that would change. FDR ordered the Navy to attack German U-boats on sights. By June 1941, the Nazis declared war on the Soviet Union via Operation Barbarossa. This was his greatest mistake since the Soviet Union would mobilize its factories and army to help end the Nazis. The Soviets used millions of its people to organize factories, soldiers, and other resources to respond plus defeat Nazi Germany. By November of 1941, America would be closer to have involvement in World War Two militarily.

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America Enters the War

America came into World War II after Japan’s attack in America. It started by December of 1941. Japan and America were once allies during WWI. Later, things have changed. Japan expanded its militarist empire throughout Asia and the Pacific region. America had forces in Guam and the Philippines. Japan considered this reality a threat to its acquiring of natural resources. Yet, Japan still traded with America. The U.S. supplied Japan with oil and other resources too. Japan took over China and Vietnam (which was called Indo-China back then). President Roosevelt wanted this expansion to end. July 1940 was the time when FDR placed an embargo on naval and aviation supplies to Japan. These supplies included oil, iron ore, fuel, steel, and rubber. FDR made a bigger embargo after the Tripartite Pact was made in 1940. Japanese expansion slowed down. Yet, Japan continued to conquer more territories. General Hideki Tojo was the new Japanese prime minister in 1941. He was called the razor for his sharp mind. He wanted military expansion and keep America neutral. In the summer of 1941, both America and Japan were in serious negotiations in order to end disagreements. Japan wanted to expand while American leaders were opposed to this goal. Japan’s final demands were rejected by U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull in 1941.Tojo tried a final peace initiative, but failed. Tojo decided on fighting America via war. During the beginning of December, Japan would strike America in Hawaii. Japanese diplomats were in D.C. while Japanese ships headed for Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor had a major amount of U.S. naval ships. Tojo sent Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo to command the attack. He had 6 aircraft carriers, 360 airplanes, and many battleships plus cruisers. There were submarines there too. Japanese wanted a surprise attack in order to end American military forces in the Pacific. Japan wanted to expand into new territories to gain resources.


The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was brutal. American forces were surprised by the attacks. The USS Arizona was destroyed. The USS Arizona was blown up. Nearly 2,500 people were killed. 8 battleships were severely damaged, 3 destroyed left unusable, and 3 light cruisers were damaged. 160 aircraft were destroyed and 128 more were damaged. The U.S. battle fleet was out of commission for almost six months. The Japanese had access to get new raw materials in new territories. Much of the  U.S. aircraft carriers were out to sea in that time. The USS Arizona, the USS Oklahoma, and the USS Utah suffered harsh damage. Nagumo canceled a third wave of bombers. He came back home since he didn’t wanted an American counterstrike. The American Pacific Fleet would recover. As news about Pearl Harbor spread in America, FDR addressed Congress. He promoted unity to fight the Japanese. Nothing was the same. Most Americans soon desired to declare war. The Soviet Union now was in the Allied cause. Political infighting ended between isolationists and interventionists. The only people who opposed involvement in the war were pacifists, isolationists, and others. President Roosevelt gave a speech to promote the declaration of war. Congress supported the declaration of war in the House 388 to 1 and in the Senate unanimously. Later, Japan, Germany, and Italy declared war on America. Democrats and Republicans were in the war effort. Patriotism increased. Many Americans mobilized for the war effort. Some were in the military, some joined other organizations, and some funded the Red Cross. 16 million Americans joined the military in the war. The U.S. Army grew from about 1.4 million to 3 million people. The Navy grew from under 300,000 to more than 600,000 people.

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Americans of every ethnicity and sex were involved in World War II. 300,000 Mexican Americans and 25,000 Native Americans were in integrated units. Nearly one million African Americans joined the military in mostly segregated units. They first worked in limited roles at first. Later, African Americans saw more active combat and served in the white combat units in some cases. This came after causalities mounted. Over 350,000 women served in World War II in a diversity of roles. In 1941, Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers introduced a bill formed the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps which would change into the WAC or the Women’s Army Corps in 1943. The WAC allowed women clerical workers, truck drivers, instructors, and lab technicians to work for the United States Army. Over 150,000 women served in the WAC. 15,000 women served overseas. 600 women received medals for their service. The Army Nurse Corps had 57,000 nurses. These nurses were in danger from the Axis in Europe and in the Pacific. Thousands of more women were in the Navy and Coast Guard auxiliaries. Industry would mobilize too. Roosevelt inspired American production of industry to be used in the war. The War Production Board or the WPB oversaw the conversion of peacetime industry into a war industry. Many agencies made materials to promote resources for the war. Civilian goods were regulated. Organized labor negotiated with the government too. All of these things were controlled with the help of the OWM or the Office of War Mobilization. Defense spending massively ended the Great Depression.

That spending was government money which proves the notion that government intervention can end recessions and depressions. A job came for every worker who wanted one. Production for military supplies increased. Henry Ford produced for America. American made production much more than Axis nations combined by 1944. American production was key in causing the Allied victory of World War II.

After Pearl Harbor, Japan moved as quickly as possible in the Pacific in order for them to control areas before a major American response. In December 1941, Douglas MacArthur struggled to secure the Philippines. The Philippines had little support. Japan destroyed half of the Army’s fighter planes in the region. Japan quickly controlled Guam. They also took Hong Kong and Wake Island. Japan attacked the Philippines by December 22, 1941. MacArthur used his forces to try to stop the Japanese. Yet, the Japanese had bigger numbers, so MacArthur and his forces were forced to retreat. The U.S. left Manila to the Bataan peninsula. They dug in for a siege on Corregidor. Americans suffered heavily and many had low rations. MacArthur left into Australia via evacuation by orders from the U.S. government. Other Americans remained behind. They held out until May of 1942. This was when 75,000 troops surrendered. They were taken as POWs to march 55 miles to the Bataan peninsula to go into a railway. They were forced to march 8 more miles. More than 7,000 Americans and Filipino troops died during the Bataan Death March. Japanese forces continued to get more lands in the Pacific. They got oil and rubber plies in the Southeast Asian region. By the summer of 1942, Japan thought about dominating the Indian Ocean, Australia, New Zealand, and the central Pacific. America had to act quickly to prevent that from happening.

FDR led a response against Japan. This was the Doolittle Raid. It involved a nighttime bombing raid from the USS Hornet aircraft carrier. It was led by Colonel James Doolittle. Doolittle led the raid of 16 B-25 bombings to attack Tokyo. The raid killed 50 Japanese people and damaged 100 buildings. The pilot flew to China where they crash landed. The Doolittle Raid was a small military gain, but it gave Americans more confidence. The Battle of Coral Sea was used to fight Japan. In May of 1942, Japanese moved to take Port Moresby in New Guinea. The Japanese wanted to attack Australia later on. They also wanted to protect its military bases at Rabual, New Guinea. America sent 2 aircraft carriers. They were the USS Lexington and the USS Yorktown along with support vessels to attack the Japanese forces. On May 7-8, 1948, American and Japanese forces fought each other via aircraft. The battle was a draw, but it further gave Americans forces confidence to continue. Aircraft carriers and planes were key weapons in WWII. Japan no longer attacked New Guinea in the future. 1942 saw the Allied response against the Axis Powers to exist in a higher level.

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The Allies Winning

June 1942 was a time of the Allied forces were still responding and fighting the Axis Powers. The Axis Powers never had a long term strategy in their goals. Hitler wanted to rule Europe and murder Jewish people, Communists, socialists, plus non-white Germanic peoples. Mussolini wanted an empire from Italy to East Africa. Tojo wanted to dominate Western Pacific areas and Asia. The Allied forces had a more unified purpose. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin wanted Nazi Germany defeated. America created tons of materials for the Allies, but the Allies fought Nazi U-Boats in order for the Allies to carry those supplies to the UK, the Soviet Union, and other Allied forces. German U-Boats sank more than 3,500 merchant ships and murdered thousands of Allied seamen in the Atlantic and Caribbean waters. By mid-1943, the Allied forces used radar to track and destroy German U-Boats. Long range bombers defeated many U-boats too. Germany attacked Russia in 1941. The Nazis send one army north to Leningrad and a second one east toward Moscow. They also had a third group going south to Stalingrad. The Nazis were deep in the Soviet Union. Millions of Soviet soldiers and civilians were killed. The Soviet resistance and the Russian winter ended the Nazi advance. Hitler also wanted to capture Stalingrad in order to get the rich oil fields of the Caucasus Mountains. The battle of Stalingrad was long and harsh. German troops had house by house fights. The Soviet troops counterattacked. The Nazis were trapped. Hitler resisted defeat at first. The remaining German troops surrendered on January 31, 1943. The battle of Stalingrad was a turning point in the war. It was the end of the Hitler advance in the east. Hitler never could dominate Europe. Nazi armies were in retreat and came back toward Germany. The Soviet Union was now in the offensive going westward into Berlin.

There was World War II battles in North Africa too. In the deserts and mountains of North Africa, Germany and Britain fought each other for territories. The British were fighting the Germans and the Italians since 1940. The Allied forces wanted North Africa. Stalin wanted America and Britain to fight the Nazis in France in order to cause a second European front (plus give Stalin more freedom to fight). FDR and Churchill wanted to go into North Africa at first instead. Both thought that they needed more time to go into France from the English Channel. FDR and Churchill wanted to get North Africa, so they could go into Italy. By October of 1942, the British won a major victory at El Alamein in Egypt. The British moved westward. Allied troops landed in Morocco and Algeria and started to move east toward key German position. The Allied invasion of North Africa was started by General Dwight Eisenhower, who was an American. German general Erwin Rommel on February of 1943 led his Afrika Korps against the Americans at the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia. He was called the Desert Fox. Rommel broke through the American lines. He wanted to go to the Allied supply base at Tebessa in Algeria. American soldiers stopped the Rommel assault. Rommel retreated after he lacked the supplies to carry onward. The Kasserine Pass victory inspired Americans. They or the Allies wanted aggressive officers and troops who were trained at desert fighting. Eisenhower put the American forces in North Africa under the command of George S. Patton Jr. He was a tank commander and an expert strategist. Patton’s forces went east. They had confidence. At the same time, the British forces went westward from Egypt. They trapped the Axis armies. The Nazis decreased in power at Tunisia. Rommel escaped and his army didn’t win. By May of 1943, German and Italian forces surrendered with about 240,000 troops.

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By 1943, the Nazis were on the defensive. January of 1943 was the time when Roosevelt and Churchill met at Casablanca, Morocco to plan their next moves. They decided to bomb Germany and invade Italy. FDR wanted the Allies to only accept unconditional surrender. FDR didn’t want Hitler, Mussolini, or Tojo to have some negotiated peace. FDR wanted complete victory. The Allied forces invaded Italy. First, they came to Sicily since it had little U-Boats and it was an island. By July 1943, British and American armies came into Sicily. Eisenhower commanded the joint American-British forces to strike. The Axis escaped into the mainland of Italy. The 38 day campaign caused the Allies to control the western Mediterranean. It paved the way for the invasion of the Italian mainland. It also ended the rule of Benito Mussolini years later. Italy surrendered on September 3, 1943. 5 weeks later, Italy declared war on Germany. Hitler didn’t give up on Italy yet. Mussolini was rescued by a German airborne force from a mountaintop fortress. Hitler made him a puppet leader of northern Italy. In southern Italy, the Nazis fought against the Allies.

The invasion of Italy by the Allies wasn’t easy. Italy had massive mountains, heavy rains, and tough terrain. Allied forces would not completely defeat the Axis until 1944, but the Allied force would have ma
          OPEC to launch 2018 WOO in Algiers       Cache   Translate Page      
OPEC to launch 2018 WOO in Algiers 
Ope Oluwani Akintayo 13 September 2018, Sweetcrude, Lagos — The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC, will launch its World Oil Outlook, WOO, at a press conference at the El Aurassi Hotel in Algiers, Algeria, on Sunday, September 23.
          Emerging of antimicrobial resistance in staphylococci isolated from clinical and food samples in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The antimicrobial resistance of staphylococci rose worldwide. In total, 96 Staphylococcus isolates from food and clinical samples were collected from two provinces in Algeria. The antimicrobial susceptibility tes...
          EU to shore up borders, returns and migrant detentions      Cache   Translate Page      
The European Commission is demanding over a billion euros to shore up borders against migrants over the next two years, while handing over new executive powers to EU agencies tackling asylum and frontier controls. It means, among other things, the EU's border and coast agency, also known as Frontex, could have some 10,000 border guards, possibly armed, at its disposal by 2020. "Service weapons may only be used exceptionally and under clearly defined conditions," notes the commission proposal. The commission had earlier this year announced the 10,000 figure but with a 2027 date. The new deadline fast-tracks the border guard boost in numbers, and comes with a EUR1.2bn price tag in a budget proposal that seeks to boost the Warsaw-based agency's finances to just above EUR11bn over the next decade. Frontex currently has around 1,500 guards on loan from EU states. It wants its own corps and equipment and has redefined itself as a law-enforcement agency, in a move confirmed to EUobserver earlier this year by its director Fabrice Leggeri. In February, it launched an operation with a fleet of over a dozen ships in the Mediterranean to tackle terrorism and crime. But Juncker's vision goes beyond border guards. He also wants the agency to be more engaged in sending rejected asylum seekers back home along with executive powers to ID check and authorise or refuse people crossing a border into an EU state. Frontex already helps carry out returns, most of them forced, and last year started chartering its own flights. "We have already returned over 8,000 people this year and last year the overall number was 14,000," Ewa Moncure, a Frontex spokeswoman, told this website on Tuesday. She said Frontex currently had an operational budget of around EUR50m to carry out these returns. "We are talking about hundreds of flights," she said. The commission now says people whose applications for asylum have been rejected should have no period for voluntary departure. Appeals must be made within five days. It also wants EU states to lock them up for a minimum of three months to prevent them from absconding. Carrying out returns, however, requires a travel document from the country of destination. Often such documents are refused or delayed, tossing a possible spanner in the EU return proposals. It has concluded readmission agreements with 17 countries, none of them in continental Africa, although talks have been launched with Algeria, Nigeria, and Tunisia..... | http://bit.ly/2CP6o9S
          France’s Macron admits to military’s systematic use of torture in Algeria war      Cache   Translate Page      
The Algerian war has long been a source of national trauma for France.
          France recognizes its use of torture during the Algerian war, an unprecedented attempt to grapple with a lingering national trauma      Cache   Translate Page      
The bloody war for Algerian independence, a watershed moment in modern French history that signaled the end of its colonialism, has long been fiercely debated in France. This is a developing story. It will be updated.
          #6 Macron admite que Francia usó torturas sistemáticas durante la guerra de Argelia      Cache   Translate Page      

Tampoco ha dicho nada que no se supiera.
Aquí unos enlaces sobre Jean-Marie Le Pen, que fue torturador en Argelia sirviendo en el 1er Regimiento de Paracaidistas
algeria-watch.org/?p=62415
www.lefigaro.fr/culture/2007/11/22/03004-20071122ARTFIG00323-le-passe-
www.lemonde.fr/disparitions/article/2012/05/02/mohamed-moulay-l-homme-
www.lemonde.fr/afrique/article/2012/03/16/le-grand-blond-au-poignard_1
www.lindependant.fr/2012/04/10/oui-j-ai-torture-en-algerie-la-boite-ma

» autor: themarquesito


          BENJAMIN FULFORD - "ATAQUE PANDÊMICO SE CONFIGURANDO, NA MEDIDA EM QUE A CABALA ENFRENTA O SEU FIM" - 10.09.2018      Cache   Translate Page      


Um temor de pandemia está se aproximando quando, em vários países, aviões informando estarem lotados de pessoas "doentes", estão pousando e sendo colocados em quarentena. No entanto, fontes da Agência de Inteligência da Defesa (DIA) dizem que todos os incidentes parecem ser falsos, envolvendo atores de crise.

O temor de pandemia acontece, enquanto, a execução do Senador norte-americano, John McCain enviou ondas de choque no meio das fileiras da máfia khazariana que, agora, está ativando todos os seus recursos, num movimento desesperado para se safar. Desta forma, este susto pandêmico pode ser algo como um estudante alegando uma ameaça de bomba em sua escola, a fim de evitar um exame que sabe que não irá passar.

No entanto, também é possível que o establishment industrial/militar dos EUA, esteja preparando um surto pandêmico, como uma justificativa para impedir todos os voos aéreos em todo o mundo, a fim de evitar que a máfia khazariana escape, quando mais de 51.000 acusações seladas começarem a ser julgadas.

Os links abaixo são apenas uma indicação parcial da escala dessa “pandemia” planejada.

Voo Nigéria/Londres – Varíola dos macacos

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/monkeypox-uk-infectious-disease-flight-nigeria-cornwall-hospital-london-a8529306.html

Voo Espanha/Inglaterra, 04/09/2018 – doença não especificada.

http://www.foxnews.com/travel/2018/09/04/sickness-bug-gets-jet2-passengers-violently-ill-on-flight-from-spain-to-england.html

Oran, Argélia/França, 05/09/2018 - cólera

https://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/world-news/727784/asl-airlines-france-cholera-evacuation-perpignan-oran-algeria-contagious-boeing-737

Dubai/Nova York, 05/09/2018 - gripe

https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/flights/todayinthesky/2018/09/05/quarantined-emirates-380-arrives-new-york-100-ill-passengers/1200607002/

Paris, França/Filadélfia, 06/09/2018 - gripe

Munique, Alemanha/Filadélfia, 06/09/2018 – gripe

http://www.foxnews.com/travel/2018/09/06/2-american-airlines-planes-land-at-philadelphia-international-airport-carrying-multiple-passengers-experiencing-flu-like-symptoms.html

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/index.php?pageid=event_summary&edis_id=EH-20180907-64557-USA

Uma pandemia é apenas um dos muitos tópicos na crise atual no topo do mundo, especialmente na estrutura de poder Ocidental.

O centro das ações continua sendo os EUA, onde o apoio do governo militar ao Presidente Donald Trump intensificou a derrubada da cabala. Fontes do Pentágono estão dizendo que a próxima fase do ataque envolverá Republicanos de alto escalão, como o ex-vice-presidente Dick Cheney e o ex-presidente George Bush Jr. E, que ambos “serão derrubados, primeiramente, pela traição do 11 de Setembro, para que os Democratas não possam reclamar quando Barack Obama e Hillary Clinton forem os alvos”.

Vale a pena notar que George H.W. Bush (Pai), provavelmente esteja morto, uma vez que não compareceu ao funeral de John McCain. Além disso, o médico de Bush foi baleado neste verão e, mais tarde, o homem que atirou no médico, provavelmente, foi “suicidado”, indicando um possível encobrimento da morte de Bush.

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jul/22/heart-doctor-to-george-hw-bush-dies-in-bicycle-shooting

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/suspect-murder-george-h-w-bush-s-former-doctor-died-n897391

De qualquer forma, o cenário para a tão esperada prisão desses cabalistas superiores continua em constante desdobramento. A execução do senador John "ISIS" McCain permitiu que ele fosse substituído pelo senador pró-Trump, Jon Kyl. Segundo nota das fontes, isso tornará mais fácil confirmar Brett Kavanaugh como um juiz da Suprema Corte, apontam.

O próximo passo, envolverá a incriminação de Bush Jr., com a desclassificação de documentos do FISA (Foreign Surveillance Intelligence Act), juntamente com documentos do 11 de Setembro, de quando Kavanaugh foi secretário do Estado-Maior, de 2001 a 2005, dizem fontes do Pentágono.

O laço, também, está apertando para o ex regime, uma vez que seus protetores da máfia de Chicago estão sendo derrubados. Tudo começou em Julho, com a prisão de uma herdeira dos Bronfman (os Bronfmans enriqueceram fornecendo bebidas alcoólicas para Al Capone), por sua participação no tráfico sexual para o culto NXIVM. Agora, o chefe do ramo do Mossad, Rahm Emmanuel, "foi forçado a renunciar como prefeito de Chicago e pode ser indiciado por seus crimes e corrupção", dizem  fontes do Pentágono.

O arrastão, também, está se aproximando do criminoso de guerra Nazista, Benjamin Netanyahu, quando o povo judeu finalmente acordar para sua criminalidade satânica. Um sinal disso aconteceu, quando jornais israelenses como o Haaretz revelaram que seu governo vinha secretamente financiando vários grupos antigovernamentais sírios, culpados de crimes contra a humanidade.

https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/report-israel-secretly-armed-and-funded-12-syrian-rebel-groups-1.6462729

A queda dos principais mafiosos khazarianos coincide com um ataque contínuo contra dois dos seus principais centros de energia - a mídia corporativa e o oligopólio de alta tecnologia.

A mídia kazariana está sendo atacada, uma vez que a fake-news NBC está sendo investigada  por citar uma história de Harvey Weinstein, enquanto a CBS foi forçada a demitir seu companheiro predador sexual [Presidente Leslie] Moonves, no dia 09 de Setembro do Ano Judaico” disseram as fontes do Pentágono.


As fontes acrescentam que empresas “big tech como Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Google (FAAG) podem ser escareadas e divididas em partes menores para acabar com a espionagem e a  censura e fomentar a concorrência”.

Aqui está o que "ex-espião, Robert David Steele, que dirigiu uma operação de falsa bandeira para a CIA", teria a dizer sobre a situação:

“O assassinato digital continua, especificamente, de Alex Jones e, em geral, a todos aqueles que buscam a verdade de Sandy Hook. Isso pode se tornar não apenas um caso de liberdade de expressão pública versus censura privada na Internet, mas, também, de uma investigação de extorsão e, talvez, eventualmente, um colapso do monopólio antitruste. 

Agora, a lista de empresas culpadas é muito maior do que os aliados originais do #GoogleGestapo como: Amazon, Facebook, Google, MeetUp, Twitter e YouTube, todos, de alguma forma, inteligência secreta dos EUA e controle e influência Sionista e que, agora, inclui Apple, Discus, Pinterest, WordPress.com e muito mais. Algo muito parecido com uma ordem de execução do Estado Profundo e que todas as plataformas sob seu controle estão obedecendo.”

Steele acrescenta que, enquanto seu "Provedor de Serviços de Internet DreamHost está honrando a Primeira Emenda, a Amazon bloqueou o livro de memorandos coletados em Sandy Hook que foi entregue à Casa Branca em 08 de Setembro".

A cabala khazariana está se recuperando, embora, longe de um sucesso. O contra-ataque mais mortal que poderia fazer contra o regime de Trump pode vir na forma de um crash no mercado de ações. Como pode ser visto no artigo no link abaixo, a mídia corporativa já iniciou um coro de destruição para o mercado e a economia.

https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-09/snyder-chapter-american-history-not-going-end-well

Claro que, primeiro tiveram que elevar o mercado para alturas irracionais, antes de configurá-lo para o Outono e, tenham certeza de que pessoas de alto nível como os Rothschilds estarão ordenhando dinheiro no caminho, assim, como fizeram no caminho para cima..

A máfia khazariana, também, está fazendo um grande movimento para proteger a Chanceler Alemã, Angela Merkel, sua líder mais importante, ainda, no poder. Fontes alemãs estão dizendo que um incidente de falsa bandeira foi encenado na cidade de Chemnitz, a fim de fornecer um pretexto para reprimir os nacionalistas  e classifica-los como perigosos, de acordo com fontes da White Dragon Society (WDS)/Sociedade Dragão Branco (SDB). O chefe da inteligência doméstica alemã parece concordar.

https://www.dw.com/en/german-domestic-intelligence-chief-under-fire-for-chemnitz-remarks/a-45410480

Além disso, o lado britânico da mafia khazariana continua na guerra, realizando falsos ataques de guerra química no Reino Unido e preparando-se para encená-los na Síria. Estão fazendo isso porque seus interesses petrolíferos no Oriente Médio estão sendo ameaçados pelos russos e precisam de uma desculpa plausível para uma ação militar que vise proteger a renda do petróleo, admitem as fontes do MI5.

No Japão, as coisas, também, se aqueceram com um provável ataque de armamento de terremoto contra a Ilha do Norte de Hokkaido. O terremoto é suspeito porque seu epicentro estava perto de uma base militar (assim como os recentes no sul do Japão), o sismograma apresentava marcas de um terremoto artificial e era raso. Além disso, embora o terremoto tenha ocorrido às 3 horas da manhã, o primeiro-ministro escravo, Shinzo Abe estava pronto e preparado  com um centro de atendimento de emergência, dentro de 3 minutos, indicando que provavelmente recebeu um aviso prévio.

O motivo pode ter sido extorsão, já que no dia do terremoto, Trump disse que as boas relações com o Japão “terminarão assim que eu lhes disser o quanto eles têm que pagar”.

https://japantoday.com/category/politics/trump-suggests-trade-fight-with-japan-wsj-column

É claro que os americanos foram avisados de que La Palma será atingida e que a Costa Leste dos EUA experimentará um tsunami de 100 metros, se tentarem mais acrobacias como essa, dizem fontes da SDB no Japão. Além disso, existem movimentos em andamento para remover o regime escravo Abe e nacionalizar o Banco do Japão, dizem fontes de direita japonesas.

De qualquer modo, o elo fraco no regime de Trump continua a ser financeiro, uma vez que os EUA continuam falidos e dependentes de compradores de títulos do Tesouro dos EUA estrangeiros (principalmente chineses e japoneses) para continuarem operando em seu atual padrão de vida.

Além disso, enquanto o movimento do governo militar dos EUA e de Trump para remover a cabala e restaurar a República seja louvável e atrasado,  ainda não apresentaram qualquer plano real para o que fazer depois de "apanharem os bandidos". Em particular, eles não parecem ter qualquer plano para lidar com o evento de extinção planetária em andamento.

O ramo europeu da cabala, apesar de todo seu mal e corrupção, pelo menos, tentou lidar com essa questão usando seu esquema do aquecimento global (reconhecidamente falso) causado pelo carbono. A menos que seu regime crie um plano real para o planeta, Trump terminará como o ex-líder soviético Boris Yeltsin, cujo principal papel era presidir o colapso do velho podre e sistema (União Soviética).

A SDB e seus aliados têm um plano para uma campanha massiva e multitrilionária para acabar com a pobreza e a destruição ambiental em todo o mundo em questão de meses. Se o regime militar de Trump não se der bem, seus salários sofrerão alguns solavancos.


Auxilie curtindo e compartilhando essa publicação no rodapé da postagem, para que ela possa alcançar cada vez mais Sementes! Gratidão! ❤

Autor: Benjamin Fulford 
Fonte primária: 
http://benjam20infulford.net 
http://benjaminfulford.typepad.com
Fonte secundária: 
Antimatrix.org 
https://benjaminfulfordtranslations.blogspot.com/
Tradução: Sementes das Estrelas / Candido Pedro Jorge
Veja mais artigos do Benjamim Fulford Aqui


          Comment on Il prezzo del sale by mirkhond      Cache   Translate Page      
Dall'Egitto il grano, e dalle odierne Tunisia e Algeria, grano, vino e olio.
          Putin Says He Knows Who Skripal Suspects Are      Cache   Translate Page      
President Putin reveals that Russia has tracked down the two suspects in the Skripal poisoning and says they are "civilians". Also in the programme: DRC asks mining companies to pay more and the Algerian musician Rachid Taha has died. (Picture: Russian President Putin attends the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok. Credit: Reuters)
          OPEC`s World Oil Outlook to be launched in Algeria on September 23, 2018      Cache   Translate Page      
OPEC and the Joint Monitoring Committee of the OPEC + Ministerial Meeting (JMMC) will present “The 2018 OPEC World Oil Outlook (WOO)” at a press conference to be held in Algeria on September 23, according to the opec.org website
          Rachid Taha obituary      Cache   Translate Page      
Singer and songwriter who pioneered a fiery fusion of north African musical styles with rock, techno and punk

Rachid Taha, who has died of a heart attack aged 59, shook up the global music scene with his inventive and fiery fusion of Algerian styles and rock, techno and punk. An engagingly bohemian-looking figure, influenced by the Clash as well as by chaabi and rai music, he became a bestselling artist across the Arab-speaking world and will be remembered for Rock el Casbah, his 2004 treatment of the Clash song Rock the Casbah and for his international dance hit Ya Rayah, as well as for his energy, angry political stance and wit.

He appeared alongside Damon Albarn at many Africa Express events, and Albarn described him as “a beautiful person, very naughty, impish and with bright eyes and generous with his time. I just loved him and always enjoyed performing with him.”

Continue reading...
           France admits Algeria war 'system' led to torture       Cache   Translate Page      
France admitted Thursday that it instigated a "system" that led to torture during Algeria's independence war, a conflict that remains hugely sensitive six...
          Sales Representative - General Consult UAE - UAE      Cache   Translate Page      
Urgent Medical Sales Representative Tunisian Algerian Vacancy in Dubai. Fluent in English, Arabic and French (Written and spoken);...
From Amito Jobs - Thu, 13 Sep 2018 12:04:05 GMT - View all UAE jobs
          France’s Macron admits system of torture during Algeria war      Cache   Translate Page      

PARIS (AP) — French President Emmanuel Macron has formally recognized that the French state was responsible for the death of a dissident mathematician in Algeria in 1957, admitting for the first time the French military’s “system” of torture during Algeria’s independence war. Macron paid a visit on Thursday to the widow of Maurice Audin, a […]
          France admits responsibility for 1957 death of dissident in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      

French president recognises role of state in death of Maurice Audin and admits ‘system’ of torture in war of independence

The French president, Emmanuel Macron, has formally recognised that the French state was responsible for the death of a dissident mathematician in Algeria in 1957, admitting for the first time the French military’s “system” of torture during Algeria’s independence war.

Macron paid a visit on Thursday to the widow of Maurice Audin, a French communist mathematician and anti-colonial activist.

Continue reading...
          CYCLING GOLD AT ARAB CHAMPIONSHIPS      Cache   Translate Page      
Jordan have won three medals, including gold, at the Arab Cycling Championships in Algeria. Aweis A...
          France-based Algerian singer Rachid Taha dies at 59      Cache   Translate Page      
Singer Rachid Taha, giant of 1980s French rock, whose group Carte de Séjour remade the Charles Trénet classic 'Douce France', died aged 59 of a heart attack on Tuesday night, said his family.
          Singer Rachid Taha, who fused Arabic music and rock, dies      Cache   Translate Page      
PARIS (AP) — Algerian singer Rachid Taha, who thrillingly blended Arabic music with rock and techno and at times wore blue contact lenses to protest anti-Arab prejudice in his adoptive France, has died. He was 59. Taha’s record label, Naïve, announced his...
          He Rocked The Casbah: Singer Rachid Taha Has Died At Age 59      Cache   Translate Page      
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUDKfK3R42Q One of the most charismatic and influential singers to come out of France, the gritty-voiced Rachid Taha, has died at age 59. Taha's death was announced in a joint statement from his family his record label, who said that he died of a heart attack in his sleep at his home in Lilas, in the eastern suburbs of Paris, during the overnight of Sept. 11 to 12. Born in Algeria, Taha first gained traction as the frontman of the band Carte de Séjour, and later emerged as a solo artist who gained a worldwide hit with his cover of "Ya Rayah"-- a song with lyrics that spoke to the hardships of the immigrant experience. Both sonically and lyrically, Taha proudly and loudly proclaimed his outsider status — as someone who grew up North African in an often-hostile France, and as a punk-bred musician who enmeshed the traditional sounds and rhythms of Algeria in his own work. Taha was famous for his twists on classic material, from his Arabic-language reworking
          Prominent Algerian singer Rashid Taha dies at 59      Cache   Translate Page      

Taha planned to launch his latest productions this year, an album entitled Believe

The post Prominent Algerian singer Rashid Taha dies at 59 appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          Macron admits French guilt in torturing activist in Algeria war      Cache   Translate Page      
President Emmanuel Macron officially acknowledged on Thursday that the French state was responsible for the disappearance of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who was arrested during the 1957 Battle of Algiers and never seen again.
          France Acknowledges Torture During Algerian War      Cache   Translate Page      
France has recognized the use of torture by its military during the Algerian War in an attempt by the government of President Emmanuel Macron to heal the wounds of its colonial past.
          France’s Macron admits system of torture during Algeria war      Cache   Translate Page      
PARIS (AP) — French President Emmanuel Macron on Thursday formally recognized the responsibility of the French state in the death of a dissident mathematician in Algeria in 1957, admitting for the first time the French military’s “system” that included torture during Algeria&...
          [HS] Ranska myönsi kidutuksen Algerian sodassa      Cache   Translate Page      
none
          King of Rock n’Raï Rachid Taha Dies Aged 59      Cache   Translate Page      
Famed French-Algerian singer Rachid Taha has succumbed to a heart-attack in Paris on Wednesday, as per the BBC. “It is with regret and immense sadness that his son Lyes, his family and relatives, his friends and his record label Naïve, announce the death of artist Rachid Taha, following a heart attack overnight at his home […]
          Algerian War: Macron in rare torture admission      Cache   Translate Page      
Algerian War: Macron in rare torture admission#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000 President Macron apologises for the torture and death of Maurice Audin during the Algerian War in 1957. Reported by BBC News 13 minutes ago.
          Algerian War: Macron in rare torture admission      Cache   Translate Page      
President Macron apologises for the torture and death of Maurice Audin during the Algerian War in 1957.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron to admit French torture during Algerian War      Cache   Translate Page      
French president will recognize that the French military tortured and ultimately killed Maurice Audin.
          France admits systematic torture during Algeria war for first time - The Guardian      Cache   Translate Page      

The Guardian

France admits systematic torture during Algeria war for first time
The Guardian
France has officially acknowledged for the first time that it carried out systematic torture during Algeria's independence war – a landmark admission about conduct in the 60-year-old conflict that has been shrouded in secrecy and denials. The president ...
Macron Recognizes French State Torture System in Algerian WarBloomberg
Algerian War: Macron in rare torture admissionBBC News
France Acknowledges Torture During Algerian WarWall Street Journal
Washington Post
all 48 news articles »

          Ranska myönsi kidutuksen Algerian sodassa      Cache   Translate Page      
Tunnustusta pidetään merkkipaaluna vuosikymmeniä jatkuneessa kiistassa. Myös kadonneista siviileistä ja sotilaista kertovat arkistot avataan.
          He Rocked The Casbah: Singer Rachid Taha Has Died At Age 59      Cache   Translate Page      
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUDKfK3R42Q One of the most charismatic and influential singers to come out of France, the gritty-voiced Rachid Taha, has died at age 59. Taha's death was announced in a joint statement from his family his record label, who said that he died of a heart attack in his sleep at his home in Lilas, in the eastern suburbs of Paris, during the overnight of Sept. 11 to 12. Born in Algeria, Taha first gained traction as the frontman of the band Carte de Séjour, and later emerged as a solo artist who gained a worldwide hit with his cover of "Ya Rayah"-- a song with lyrics that spoke to the hardships of the immigrant experience. Both sonically and lyrically, Taha proudly and loudly proclaimed his outsider status — as someone who grew up North African in an often-hostile France, and as a punk-bred musician who enmeshed the traditional sounds and rhythms of Algeria in his own work. Taha was famous for his twists on classic material, from his Arabic-language reworking
          Técnico/a de mantenimiento cocinas industriales      Cache   Translate Page      
Técnico/a de mantenimiento cocinas industriales - Sonstiges

Para importante empresa española de servicios técnicos y mantenimiento seleccionamos un Técnico /a especialista en mantenimiento de cocinas industriales para trabajar en Argelia.

Las funciones principales serán las siguientes:

  • Mantenimiento correctivo de la maquinaria de hostelería (Freidoras, túneles de lavado, hornos, planchas, campanas extractoras, frigoríficos, microondas, etc.)
  • Solución de averías de la maquinaria.
  • Petición de repuestos y control de stock. Colaboración con personal de almacén.
  • Control y supervisión de las instalaciones.

Requisitos:

Experiencia mínima de 10 años como técnico de mantenimiento de maquinaria de hostelería.

Titulación o formación profesional relacionada con mantenimiento industrial.

Se valorará experiencia con maquinaria del fabricante Electrolux

 

Salario: a negociar

Ofrecemos:

Alojamiento, gastos, dietas y vuelos pagados, tramitación de Visado.

    Firma: Eurofirms Group
    Job-Typ: Vollzeit
    Branche: Andere

          Ascensorista      Cache   Translate Page      
Ascensorista - Sonstiges

Para importante empresa Española de servicios técnicos, seleccionamos un ascensorista para trabajar en Argelia que se encargará de los diferentes trabajos de montaje, reparación y mantenimiento de los diferentes equipos elevadores para personas y cargas.

Requisitos minimos:

5-10 años de experiència

Disponibilidad immediata (15-20 días)

Nota:

NO se necesita carnet de conservador de ascensores

Ofrecemos:

  • Alojamiento y gastos de viaje pagados.

  • Tramitación de visado.

 

    Firma: Eurofirms Group
    Job-Typ: Vollzeit
    Gehalt notizen: Salario según valúa
    Branche: Andere

          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          France admits enabling death by torture during Algerian War of Independence      Cache   Translate Page      
In a watershed decision, the French government has acknowledged it enabled a system which resulted in the torture of people during the war of independence in its former colony of Algeria six decades ago. The war of 1954-62 claimed some 1.5 million Algerian lives as French troops cracked down on the uprising as the colony sought independence after 130 years under foreign rule. It also left a mark on the French, as the war effort required a massive conscription surge, with hundreds of thousands young French men drafted and sent to fight in Africa. On Thursday, French President Emmanuel Macron acknowledged that during the war Paris created a system that led to the abduction and death under torture of Maurice Audin, a pro-independence communist activist and mathematician.
          Macron admits France enabled torture in Algerian war      Cache   Translate Page      
France acknowledged Thursday that it instigated a "system" that led to torture during Algeria's independence war, a landmark admission in a conflict that remains hugely sensitive six decades on.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron acknowledges France’s role in torture during Algerian war      Cache   Translate Page      
none
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron admits to French torture during Algerian war      Cache   Translate Page      
President acknowledges ‘legally established system’ in death of Maurice Audin
          RIP Rachid Taha      Cache   Translate Page      
A World Music legend. Taha is considered as one of the godfathers of what we call today "worldbeat / global fusion", as he blended Algerian Rai and rock early from the 80s as a member of the Carte de Séjour band through his diverse Solo career as an international music star. He has suddenly died yesterday, just six days before his 60th birthday.

Taha has recently played with Brian Eno, Robert Plant, Patti Smith and The Clash member Mick Jones. Self beleived as the inspiration for the Clash's "Rock the Casbah" which he personally covered in 2004.

His breakthrough albums were produced by Gong's Steve Hillage and Was (Not Was)' Don Was. my personal favourites are "Oh Cherie Cherie" from his 2000 album "Made in Medina", and "Valencia" with the wonderful Opus III vocalist Kirsty Hawkshaw.

Surprisingly he didn't lose it in his last-years repertoire, the NIN's like "Jamila" is an example. His most renowned hit from his band-career was a immigrant protest cover to a french holy cow, "Douce France". His biggest mainstream hit was 1993's "Ya Rayah" and actually a cover version as well, for a well known 70's algerian hit.

          France admits torture 'system' during Algeria war: presidency      Cache   Translate Page      
France admitted Thursday that it instigated a "system" that led to torture during Algeria's independence war, a conflict that remains hugely sensitive six decades on.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          France's Macron admits system of torture during Algeria war      Cache   Translate Page      
French President Emmanuel Macron on Thursday formally recognized the responsibility of the French state in the death of a dissident mathematician in Algeria in 1957, admitting for the first time the French military's "system" that included torture during Algeria's independence war.
          French Soldiers Tortured Algerians, Macron Admits 6 Decades Later      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president took responsibility for the killing of Maurice Audin, a young activist who became a symbol of the Algerian War, and asked the man’s widow for forgiveness.
          Astrology: Addition of Maurice Audin's Horoscope      Cache   Translate Page      
Maurice Audin (14 February 1932 (birth time source: Didier Geslain, birth certificate) – after 11 June 1957) was a French mathematics assistant at the University of Algiers, a member of the Algerian Communist Party and an activist in the anticolonialist cause, who was one of the "disappeared" during the Battle of Algiers. In the centre of Algiers, beside the university, the intersecti...
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          France: Torture practiced during Algerian revolution      Cache   Translate Page      
France: Torture practiced during Algerian revolution...
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          France’s Macron admits system of torture during Algeria war      Cache   Translate Page      
French President Emmanuel Macron has formally recognized that the French state was responsible for the death of a dissident mathematician in Algeria in 1957
          French Soldiers Tortured Algerians, Macron Admits 6 Decades Later      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president took responsibility for the killing of Maurice Audin, a young activist who became a symbol of the Algerian War, and asked the man’s widow for forgiveness. Reported by NYTimes.com 2 hours ago.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          The worst accident in the Foreign Legion’s history: 86 years already      Cache   Translate Page      
86 years ago, in September 1932, the worst accident in the French Foreign Legion’s history occurred. In Algeria (North Africa), on the 14th September of 1932, a troop train was heading for Morocco, carrying a Legion battalion being ready for fighting with Moroccan rebels. In the afternoon, the train had derailed and fell into a ... Read more
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          France admits enabling death by torture during Algerian War of Independence      Cache   Translate Page      
Preview In a watershed decision, the French government has acknowledged it enabled a system which resulted in the torture of people during the war of independence in its former colony of Algeria six decades ago.
Read Full Article at RT.com
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Algerian Vocalist and Fusionist Rachid Taha Dies at 59      Cache   Translate Page      
Acclaimed French-Algerian singer Rachid Taha died today, September 12, 2018 in Paris, France of a heart attack. The France-based Taha was a world music star in the 1990s and 2000s in France and other countries with his mix of Algerian rai and western rock. Read more about Rachid Taha, including his biography and discography.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          France admits torture during Algeria’s war of independence      Cache   Translate Page      

France acknowledged for the first time it was responsible for systematic torture during the Algerian war of independence in the mid-1950s.  President Emmanuel Macron said on Thursday that Maurice Audin, a communist pro-independence activist who disappeared in 1957, “died under torture stemming from the system instigated while Algeria was part of France”. Macron, who paid a visit […]

The post France admits torture during Algeria’s war of independence appeared first on Times of News France.


          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Algeria hails France's recognition of anti-colonialist torture      Cache   Translate Page      
ALGIERS, Sept 13 (KUNA) -- Algeria applauded France's admission that it was responsible for the disappearance and torture of Maurice Audin, a French activist who opposed his country's colonial rule over Algeria, some six decades ago. Audin, a math
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          Macron admits French army tortured victims in Algeria      Cache   Translate Page      
The French president visited the 87-year-old widow of Maurice Audin, an anti-colonial activist who disappeared after his arrest in 1957.
          France admits torture during Algeria's war of independence      Cache   Translate Page      
More than 1.5 million Algerians died during the 1954-62 war of independence against colonial-ruler France.
          France's Macron admits to military's systematic use of torture in Algeria war - Washington Post      Cache   Translate Page      

Washington Post

France's Macron admits to military's systematic use of torture in Algeria war
Washington Post
PARIS — France formally acknowledged its military's systemic use of torture in the Algerian War in the 1950s and 1960s, a step forward in grappling with its colonial legacy. President Emmanuel Macron issued a statement in the context of a call for ...
French Soldiers Tortured Algerians, Macron Admits 6 Decades LaterNew York Times
Algerian War: Macron in rare torture admissionBBC News
France Acknowledges Torture During Algerian WarWall Street Journal
The Guardian -Bloomberg -Newsweek -Aljazeera.com
all 64 news articles »

          France's Macron admits to military's systematic use of torture in Algeria war - Washington Post      Cache   Translate Page      

Washington Post

France's Macron admits to military's systematic use of torture in Algeria war
Washington Post
PARIS — France formally acknowledged its military's systemic use of torture in the Algerian War in the 1950s and 1960s, a step forward in grappling with its colonial legacy. President Emmanuel Macron issued a statement in the context of a call for ...
French Soldiers Tortured Algerians, Macron Admits 6 Decades LaterNew York Times
France's Macron admits system of torture during Algeria warFox News
Algerian War: Macron in rare torture admissionBBC News
Wall Street Journal -The Guardian -Bloomberg -Newsweek
all 64 news articles »

          Algeria bought 630,000 tonnes in wheat tender – traders      Cache   Translate Page      
Algeria’s state grains agency OAIC bought 630,000 tonnes of optional-origin milling wheat in a tender that closed on Wednesday, traders said on Thursday. Prices paid by OAIC ranged between $262 and $263 a tonne, cost and freight included, the traders said. Most of the volume is expected to be sourced from France, Algeria’s main wheat ...


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