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          Plattling: Für Flüchtlinge aus Sierra Leone wird der Kirchenchor St. Magdalena zur zweiten Familie      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Mitte Januar betreten Sahr Martin Fillie und Ibrahim Kamara zum ersten Mal das katholische die Stadtpfarrkirche St. Magdalena...
          Post-Conflict Efforts to Deal w/Sexual/Gender-Based Violence      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Event Date: Wednesday, November 7, 2018

Exploring Post-Conflict Efforts to Deal with Sexual and Gender-Based Violence: Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone

Rachelle Kouassi, TJ Centre

Wednesday, November 07, 2018

1:30-2:30 p.m. in Social Science Centre room 2028

Part of the Centre for Transitional Justice and Post-Conflict Reconstruction
Speakers' Series 2018-2019


          Sallay’s Story      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Ruth, Women of Hope Sierra Leone’s Program Director, made the trip over to the town of Magburaka to facilitate the Transformation Training class going on there. Women of Hope has had the privilege of expanding to different regions in Sierra Leone to reach more women with disabilities. Magburaka, a half-hour southeast of our main centerRead More
          Transformation Comes Slowly      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
There are days in ministry when you remember why you are doing this in the first place… Sometimes those days are further apart than you’d prefer, but that makes the ones that happen so much sweeter and profound. February 14th was one of those days. We’ve been conducting Transformation Training courses in Sierra Leone sinceRead More
          Beauty for Ashes and Joy for Mourning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Meet Hawa. Hawa is a young mom of 4, married off at a young age in her village in Sierra Leone. But Hawa had unknowingly been infected with a parasite by a common biting black fly, resulting in the blockage of her lymph system. This condition is called elephantiasis due to the immense swelling ofRead More
          I am home again!      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Wow! We sure had an experience going through Casablanca, Morocco. It could have been worse but it could have been better.

My hubby who is a Sierra Leonean needed a visa to pass through Morocco which we did (for August 5th when going through). Now, the airline cancelled our flight an...
          Sierra Leonean Journalist Isha Sesay Leaves CNN After 13 Years      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[This is Africa] After 13 years of working with CNN, Sierra Leonean journalist Isha Isatu Sesay has left. At a time when stories from the continent are under-reported Isha wants to focus more on telling narratives from the continent.
          Family Medicine Specialist at Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen West African countries. Founded on 28 May 1975, with the signing of the Treaty of Lagos, its mission is to promote economic integration across the region.Location: Republic of Sierra Leone Category: ECOWAS International Volunteer Type of Contract: ECOWAS Volunteers Programme. Non-Family Position Expected start date: 15th September 2018 Duration: One (01) year, renewable (depending on budget availability and satisfactory performance) Preamble The ECOWAS Youth and Sports Development Centre (EYSDC), was created by the Decision A/DEC.13/01/05 of 19th January 2005 at Accra, Ghana as a specialized Agency of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). At the 32nd session of the ECOWAS Summit held in June 2007, the Heads of States and Government adopted a new approach to regional integration by approving a new global vision called the ECOWAS Vision 2020. The principal objective of this vision is to move the Community from an «ECOWAS of States» to an «ECOWAS of Peoples» by the year 2020. Consequently, the EYSDC implements her policies, activities and strategic action plans, as well as the ECOWAS vision in the areas of youth and sports, including the ECOWAS Volunteers Programme. The EYSDC's objective is to initiate, develop, coordinate and implement youth and sports programmes within the Community. To this end, it works to: Mobilise the different segments of the population to ensure their integration and effective participation in the social development of the region, as well as the promotion of youth organisations and professional associations to ensure maximum participation in the activities of the Community; Provide a permanent institutional framework within ECOWAS through which issues related to Youth and Sports activities in the sub-region can be developed and promoted. Organizational Framework of the Centre The Youth and Sports Development Centre (EYSDC) is one of the Directorates under the Social Affairs and Gender Department of the ECOWAS Commission. It is based in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) under the headquarters agreement signed between the Burkina Faso authorities and the ECOWAS Commission. Decision N° A/DEC 13/01/2005 of 19th January 2005 had adopted the organizational structure comprising of four Divisions (Youth, Sports, Administration and Finance, and TIC). However, since 2008, the Centre has undergone some structural modifications following the transfer of the ECOWAS Volunteers Programme (EVP) from the Political Affairs, Peace and Security Department of the Commission (CPAPS) to the EYSDC, under the Social Affairs and Gender Department. The EVP is centralized in organisation, but decentralized in its application to allow for flexibility and adaptation to the current realities of each country. The strategic directions, including the formulation of the overall vision, goals and objectives of the Programme, is the responsibility of the Regional Coordination Council (RCC), whose role, among others, is to ensure that the EVP becomes a genuine voluntary arm of ECOWAS. Being a cross-cutting programme, the ECOWAS Volunteers Regional Coordination Council (RCC) includes representatives of relevant departments of the ECOWAS Commission. The RCC is chaired by the Commissioner for Social Affairs and Gender of the ECOWAS Commission. She is assisted by the Director of the ECOWAS Youth and Sports Development Centre (EYSDC), as Alternate Chairman of the RCC. The executive arm of the RCC is the Regional Office, provided by the EYSDC in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). The programme's regional coordination activities are coordinated by a Regional Coordinator under the supervision of the EYSDC Director. Although the EVP is under the Youth Division of the EYSDC, it is directly supervised by the EYSDC Director for effectiveness. At the National level, the National Coordination Council (NCC) serves as the national body through which national policy guidelines for the Programme are given. This Council works towards the understanding and entrenchment of the Volunteer Programme in the national environment. It also serves as advisor to the country office, which is responsible for the coordination of the Programme at national level. The NCC is chaired by the Head of the ECOWAS National Office in the country. It is made up of Focal Points/Representatives of the various ministries, Civil Society Organisations, United Nations Agencies and local youth associations involved in the implementation of the Programme at the National level. Duties and Responsibilities The ECOWAS Volunteer Family Medicine Specialist will work directly with the Ministry of Health and Sanitation of Sierra Leone and undertake the following duties and responsibilities: Admit and treat in-patient with various medical conditions such as diabetics, hypertension, heart attack, stroke etc. Examine patients, take medical history and prescribe medication Counsel patients on diet, hygiene and preventive health care Order, perform and interpret diagnostic test for appropriate treatment. Assist in the development of policies and strategies of the department of Internal medicines. Coordinate and participate in the Continuous Professional Development (CPD) programs for staff at the hospital. Perform any other assigned official duty. Required Qualifications and Experience Education: Fellow of the West African College of Physician (FWACP) or equivalent Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (FRCP). Work experience and Other Skills: A minimum of eight (8) years relevant work experience, three of which in a supervisory role. Ability to work within a multidisciplinary team Good written and verbal communication skills Sense of initiative and anticipation Knowledge of volunteerism is an asset Ability to work with little supervision Being proactive and enterprising (taking initiative) Good computer skills - Office Suite. Language Requirements: Perfect command of the English language (written and oral) is mandatory. Knowledge of any other official language of ECOWAS (French or Portuguese) will be considered an asset / advantage Composition of Application: A signed letter of application/motivation addressed to the EYSDC Director; A detailed Curriculum Vitae highlighting specific skills and experiences of the candidate; Certified copies of certificates, diplomas and work certificates; A criminal/police record of less than 6 months. Conditions of Service An initial contract for 12 months will be offered with a Monthly Living Allowance of 1,112.5 USD or its equivalent in local currency. At the beginning of the assignment, and only where applicable, a settling-in grant will be paid, and a resettlement grant will be provided at the end of the assignment. Where applicable, air transport from home country to the duty station and return at end of mission is also provided. A life and health insurance cover for the incumbent of the position will be provided. Other conditions of service as stipulated in the EVP Management and Administration Manual and Handbook of Conditions of Service shall apply. Other Conditions: The position is open to nationals of ECOWAS Member States, aged not more than 42 years by the date of recruitment. This position is considered a non-family ECOWAS International Volunteer position. An international ECOWAS Volunteer cannot serve in their own country of origin. ECOWAS is committed to promoting gender equality and equity. To this end, female candidates are strongly encouraged.
          Storm shuts down United Methodist schools in Sierra Leone      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Educators and church officials are trying to come up with a plan to allow students to finish out the school year while repairs are underway.
          Historic Jackson homestead at center of Mercyhurst study       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Robert H. Jackson served as U.S. Solicitor General and U.S. Attorney General before being appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1941 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Jackson took a leave from his post on the court to act as Chief U.S. Prosecutor during the Nuremburg Trials of Nazi war criminals following World War II.

***

During a ceremony July 24, representatives of the Robert H. Jackson Center and Mercyhurst University’s Anthropology/Archaeology Department signed a Memorandum of Agreement to launch an archaeological study of the Warren County homestead where Robert H. Jackson was born.

Also taking part were representatives of Glendorn Land, the current owners of the property overlooking Spring Creek where Jackson’s great-grandfather settled shortly after the American Revolution. Volunteers have already removed brush from the site, revealing the foundations of both the Jackson farmhouse and a nearby barn.

Anthropology/Archaeology Chair Dr. Mary Ann Owoc said work will begin this fall to map and document the site and to evaluate artifacts from the property for potential further study.

The Robert H. Jackson Center, established in 2001 in Jamestown, New York, is a history center dedicated to the life and legacy of its namesake.Though the Jackson family moved to the Jamestown, N.Y. area when Robert was just 5, he made summer visits to the homestead through much of his life.

“We’re excited about how this partnership will enhance our educational mission as a department committed to faculty-mentored student research, hands-on student training, and public archaeology,” Owoc said. “We’re also very glad to enhance our already strong relationship with Mercyhurst’s History Department by coordinating on the archival portions of this project.”

Much of the work at the Jackson Homestead will be done by Rose Pregler, a rising senior at Mercyhurst who is double majoring in Anthropology/Archaeology and History. She will complete capstone senior projects in both fields with her work on this project, under the supervision of historical archaeologist Dr. LisaMarie Malischke and history professor Dr. Ben Scharff.

According to Pregler’s research proposal, “The goal of this research is to conduct a preliminary archaeological investigation of the Robert H. Jackson Farmstead (Spring Creek, Pennsylvania) in order to produce new information on historical Pennsylvania farmsteads and gain a fuller understanding of the site’s history and the lives of its past occupants.”

Attorney Greg Peterson, a co-founder and board member of the Jackson Center, explained, “We’re hoping to understand the life and times of the Jackson family, why they may have chosen that area to live, why they came back to the area, and to understand the environment in which Justice Jackson and his family lived.”

Jackson Center Board Chair Stanley Lundine signed the agreement, along with Owoc and Dr. Christina Riley-Brown, dean of the Hafenmaier College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences. Also on hand to witness the signing were Julia Craighill and Thomas Loftus, two of Robert H. Jackson’s grandchildren; Jackson biographer Professor John Q. Barrett; and David Crane, Founding Chief Prosecutor of the Sierra Leone Tribunal.

 

PHOTO: Two of Robert H. Jackson’s grandchildren (Julia Craighill at left and Thomas Loftus at right) join representatives of Mercyhurst University at the Warren County site where Mercyhurst will launch an archaeological study of the Jackson family homestead. Mercyhurst representatives include, from left,  Dr. LisaMarie Malischke, Dr. Mary Ann Owoc and Anne Marjenin of the Department of Anthropology/Archaeology; student Rosie Pregler; history professor Dr. Chris Magoc; Hafenmaier College Dean Dr. Christina Riley Brown; and history professor Dr. Ben Scharff.


          Employment Opportunity: Project Manager at Future First Global Tanzania      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Employment Opportunity: Project Manager at Future First Global Tanzania
JOB DESCRIPTION – LEAP PROJECT MANAGER, TANZANIA
Future First Global is looking for an experienced Project Manager to lead our team in Dar es Salaam to deliver a portfolio of activities as part of the Lending for Education in Africa Partnership (LEAP) – an exciting initiative being piloted in Tanzania and Kenya for the first time.

This is a dynamic and varied role and will involve designing and delivering a comprehensive community building programme, to support academic success and create pathways to employment for the ‘LEAP Fellows’ – selected recipients of the LEAP Programme. The successful candidate will have sole responsibility for the design and delivery of LEAP programme activities in Tanzania.

• Initially a 12 month contract with potential for extension 
• Preferred start date Monday 15th October 2018, with some flexibility for the right candidate 
• Salary competitive – to be discussed at interviews 
• The Project Manager will be based in Dar es Salaam, with regular travel to partner universities in and around the city

About the LEAP (The Lending for Education in Africa Partnership) Pilot
The Lending for Education in Africa Partnership (LEAP) aims to pilot and scale a non-profit social lending fund dedicated to strengthening economic prosperity in Sub-Saharan Africa by providing affordable higher education loans to students, incentivising their academic success and creating pathways to gainful employment. LEAP’s lending will be directed towards youth from low and middle-income backgrounds who are currently unable to secure credit from conventional commercial banks and for whom bursaries and scholarships are not yet available - “the missing middle” of higher education finance.

Since January 2018 our team in Kenya have been working to establish the pilot programme with five universities in Nairobi. The team have developed a comprehensive programme of community building, academic coaching and careers support that will be delivered to LEAP Fellows alongside their studies to help them thrive in their academics and future jobs. The learnings have been significant and this role will work closely with the team in Kenya to develop these for the Tanzanian context.

Our HQ is based in London, but we have worked on projects in Rwanda, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Australia and the UK. You will be working directly with two members of staff, one based in the UK and the other in Singapore.
We are delivering the LEAP Programme in partnership with Volta Capital, Equity Group Foundation, Lundin Foundation, and the Mandela Institute for International Development Studies (MINDS).

Principal Responsibilities 
Team and Project Management
• Implement the LEAP Programme across multiple institutions in Tanzania; 
• Adapt and maintain an evaluation framework to support continual improvement of the programme; 
• Budget management of events, staffing and travel; 
• Financial and progress reporting lead to the Future First Global team in the UK; 
• Design of quarterly work plans to deliver the programme to agreed timelines and milestones; 
• Line management responsibility for Programme Officer (from late 2019)

Community building and relationship management 
• Build strong working relationships with all LEAP Fellows, partner organisations and institutions; 
• Design and facilitate meetings, trainings, events and other activities with students; 
• Implementation of an engagement strategy to ensure a high level of programme participation.

Training and facilitation 
• Design and deliver training and activities for LEAP Fellows from start to finish – including planning, logistics, facilitation and evaluation; 
• Conduct a range of focus groups and informal feedback sessions with LEAP Fellows to feed into constant improvement of the programme; 
• Coach and mentor LEAP student leadership to ensure the LEAP student chapters are a productive and supportive peer community


Communication 
• Set up and maintain regular contact with students via email, Whatsapp and phone; 
• Set up and maintain communication and engagement platforms; 
• Writing, editing and designing engaging communications for LEAP Fellows and wider stakeholders; 
• Writing, editing and designing a regular newsletter about the LEAP Programme.

Monitoring, reporting and evaluation 
• Keep accurate records of events and activities, including attendance and learnings; 
• Collect and analyse data on an ongoing basis from a range of sources; 
• Support with quarterly reporting to Volta Capital; 
• Develop case studies for use in communications and monitoring.

Person Requirements 
We understand that candidates may not have experience of every part of this programme. Most importantly, we are looking for someone who ‘gets’ what we are doing and can provide strong evidence of experience in community building and project management.

 Essential Skills and Experience 
• At least six years’ project management experience; 
• Fluency in written and spoken English and Swahili; 
• Experience of working directly with young people; 
• Open and honest approach to collaboration and reporting; your colleagues will be based overseas, and it is essential that you will be able to work effectively with them; 
• Relationship-building skills: experience of working effectively with a range of stakeholders; 

• High levels of organisation, ideally with experience of setting up and maintaining a project and accompanying reporting systems; 
• Strong communication skills: ability to communicate effectively across a range of forums: from set-up of social media groups, to running focus groups with students, to drafting evaluation reports; 
• Critical and analytical: the confidence to recognise and raise where the programme might not meet the desired outcome and to adjust and re-plan accordingly 
• The independence and confidence to make decisions and work day to day with minimal supervision; 
• A willingness to travel around Dar es Salaam regularly and elsewhere in Tanzania occasionally.

Desirable Skills and Experience 
• Experience of working on projects involving universities; 
• Excellent writing and research skills with a high attention to detail; 
• Confidence in designing and delivering sessions to large groups of students; 
• Experience of people management;

Please send a copy of your CV (of no more than two sides) and a cover letter explaining why you think you are the right person for this role to Stella McKenna at careers@futurefirstglobal.org. The application deadline is Monday 27th August 2018 – applications submitted after this time will not be considered.

Key dates 
• Initial interviews will be taking place on Skype on either Tuesday 4th or Wednesday 5th September. 
• Second round interviews will take place in person on Thursday 13th or Friday 14th Septemberin Dar es Salaam. 
• Preferred start date is Monday 15th October 2018 

Please indicate in your application email if you are unavailable for any of the dates outlined above.

For more information visit – www.futurefirstglobal.org 
          Briefing: Another Ebola outbreak in Congo, this time in a conflict zone      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Barely one week after the Democratic Republic of Congo declared an end to its ninth outbreak of Ebola, it announced, on 1 August, its 10th. Only this time, the deadly virus has struck a new part of the country, one rife with armed groups and long ravaged by conflict.

 

Here’s our briefing on the latest outbreak and the unique response challenges it poses.

 

Where is the new outbreak?

 

CThe first suspected cases were reported in Mangina, a town about 30 kilometres southwest of the city of Beni (pop: 350,000), in the eastern province of North Kivu. Suspicions were raised after a 65-year-old woman died showing telltale symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) –  which include high fever, external and internal bleeding, vomiting, and diarrhoea.

 

At the woman’s burial, seven mourners who – in keeping with local tradition – touched her body, became infected.

Map of Congo showing North Kivu Province, Ituri Province, Butembo, Beni, Mangina and latest ebola outbreak information as of 7 August 2018

As of 8 August, the Ministry of Health has recorded cases of haemorrhagic fever in five “health zones”, or catchment areas, in North Kivu: Beni, Butembo, Oicha, Mabalako (where Mangina is located) and Musienene. Cases have also been reported in neighbouring Ituri Province’s Mandima health zone. Lab tests have confirmed the presence of Ebola only in Beni (four cases) and Mabalako (13 cases) health zones.

Congo’s previous outbreak erupted in May in Equateur Province, on the opposite [western] side of the country.

According to the Ministry of Health, both outbreaks feature the Zaire species of the genus ebolavirus (one of four species that causes EVD in humans) but genetic sequencing of samples taken from the new outbreak reveal it to be an entirely different strain to the Equateur one – in other words, it is a new, separate outbreak.

 

This is the first time any strain of Ebola has struck in North Kivu, and experts consider the emergence of the Zaire species – which has a mortality rate of around 90 percent – in eastern Congo to be a particularly worrying development.

 

How many people have been affected?

 

Congo’s Ministry of Health has attributed 34 deaths in North Kivu and two in Ituri to haemorrhagic fever. Laboratory tests have confirmed nine of these fatalities – eight in Mabalako and one in Beni – were caused by Ebola.

 

Across the six affected health zones, there have been 44 cases of haemorrhagic fever, 17 of which are known to have been caused by the Ebola virus. The others are “probable cases” where it was not possible to obtain biological samples for testing. A further 47 suspected cases of Ebola virus – all in Beni and Mabalako health zones – are currently being investigated. A mobile testing laboratory is now operating in the town of Beni and a second will soon be set up in Mangina.

 

By way of comparison, Congo’s previous outbreak, which took place in the eastern Equateur province, killed 33 people. Between 2014 and 2016, a major Ebola epidemic in West Africa – where, unlike in Congo, the disease was virtually unknown – claimed more than 11,000 lives.

 

Could this become a major epidemic?

 

Too early to say really, but asked what worried him most about the current outbreak, Peter Salama, deputy chief of the UN’s World Health Organisation and head of its Health Emergencies Programme, told ScienceInsider: “Beni is very close to Butembo, a commercial centre with a lot of trade that has a population of 800,000 to one million. And Beni is on the road to Goma, another major population centre, where we’ve already had suspected cases.

 

“Superspreading in a village might mean seven people in Mangina with an unsecured burial. In an urban area, it might mean one person going to a shopping centre and affecting 1,000. That’s going to be a trend we’re going to have to grapple with for years and decades to come.”

 

Mangina also lies about 100 kilometres from the Ugandan border, across which there is a constant flow of people and goods, including rebel fighters.

 

How violent is this region?

 

North Kivu in general, and the area around Beni in particular, have for decades been plagued by violence; dozens of armed groups operate in the region and a million people are internally displaced within the province. Many are staying with friends or relatives, creating the kind of cramped living conditions that only help the transmission of Ebola.

 

“In some households, nine people share a tiny bedroom. And they move around a lot in search of food,” Janvier Kaserea Kasayiryo, a spokesman for civil society groups in Beni Territory, told IRIN. “These are the kind of encounters and contacts that favour the spread of the outbreak.”

 

On 7 August, citing local officials, Reuters reported that 14 bodies had been discovered in the town of Tubameme, about 40 kilometres from Mangina. Those killed were said to have been kidnapped by an armed group last week.

 

Since 2014, about 1,000 people in the Beni area have met violent deaths.

 

Ituri, another province where infections have been reported in the latest outbreak, has also seen a recent eruption of violence.

 

What lessons have been learned from the previous outbreaks?

 

Chief among the reasons why the Ebola epidemic that struck West Africa between 2013 and 2016 killed more than 11,000 people was that it took about three months for the virus to be confirmed as the cause of a spate of mysterious deaths that began in southern Guinea in December 2013. By the time the virus was identified, 60 people had died and the outbreak had already spread to the two neighbouring states of Liberia or Sierra Leone.

 

It was not until August 2014, by which time around 1,000 people had died, that the WHO declared the epidemic a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, which helped mobilise a major global response.  

 

Having experienced so many Ebola incidents, Congo has established tried-and-tested response systems, which have contained outbreaks relatively quickly and kept death tolls relatively low.

 

Speed is key, according to Bathé Ndjoloko Tambwe, who heads the Ministry of Health’s Ebola response unit. “The outbreak had hardly been declared on 1 August when we launched the response on the 2nd,” he told IRIN.   

 

“Also, with this new outbreak, we are seeing politicians getting involved. That’s reassuring in terms of mobilising people and resources,” he added.

 

Congo’s previous outbreak in May also saw the first major use of an experimental vaccine, rVSV-ZEBOV, which appeared to play a key role in containing the virus in Equateur. All known contacts of infected parties were located as soon as possible and then vaccinated in a so-called “ring vaccination” campaign, which proved highly successful as none of the 3,300 people vaccinated in Equateur developed EVD.

Claude Sengenya/IRIN
A health worker takes temperatures in Mangina.

Can the same be done here?

 

The experimental vaccine is only effective against the Zaire species, so it can and is being deployed in North Kivu to contain the outbreak.

 

Congo has 3,200 vaccines left over from the last outbreak, and their manufacturer, Merck, has 20,000 more in stock. The first vaccination teams began working in Mangina on 8 August and preparations are being made to mount another “ring vaccination” campaign.

 

As was the case in Equateur, a major challenge here, in a region with little electrical power, will be to keep the vaccines at a temperature of -70 degrees Celsius by setting up a “cold chain” – a series of refrigeration units dotted across the area of the outbreak.

 

But a more formidable hurdle is the widespread insecurity that could prevent the free movement of health workers, surveillance teams, and teams tasked with explaining to local communities how to reduce the risk of contracting the Ebola virus.

 

And because vaccination teams may need to keep their field visits very short, the WHO is considering vaccinating all the residents of villages home to suspected infections, rather than spending time on the laborious process of identifying contacts. That said, about 1,000 contacts have been identified in North Kivu already.

 

Is there any treatment for EVD?

 

There is no specific medical treatment for Ebola patients. Those showing signs of EVD are given supportive therapy, which includes balancing the patient's fluid and electrolytes, maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure, and treating such patients for any complicating infections. Treatment centres have been set up in Mangina and Beni.

 

Some therapeutic treatments are under development. Details here.

 

What about prevention?

 

Raising awareness about the nature of the Ebola virus and how it is spread is a key element of efforts to contain the outbreak. In an attempt to both respect local custom and to limit the spread of the virus, the Ministry of Health is promoting what it calls “safe and dignified burials”.

 

Relatives of people who die “can no longer touch the corpse because it is wrapped in a special bag before being buried,” a health ministry official told IRIN, noting that this went against the tradition of washing and hugging the bodies of deceased loved ones.

 

“We are working with communications experts, psychologists, as well as religious and traditional leaders to make people understand the need to abandon these traditional practices,” he added.

 

Ebola is named after the Ebola River, near the village of Yambuku where the first known outbreak occurred in 1976.

 

(Additional reporting by Anthony Morland)

 

cs-am/ag

 

Briefing: Another Ebola outbreak in Congo, this time in a conflict zone jhp_4186.jpg Claude Sengenya News Aid and Policy Conflict Health MANGINA The Democratic Republic of Congo IRIN Africa East Africa DRC


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