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          Julian Assange Asked To Testify In Front Of Senate      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

By Aaron Kesel

The founder of WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, has been asked to testify before the U.S. Senate Intelligence Committee as part of their Russia investigation, according to a letter signed by Senators Richard Burr (R-NC) and Mark Warner (D-VA) posted by the WikiLeaks Twitter account...


          'We shall not fail!' — The US Navy's new submarine fleet commander vows to take on Russia and China      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

As the new commander of US Submarine Forces took the reins Friday, he stressed that America will continue to dominate beneath the waves.

Vice Adm. Charles A. Richard relieved Vice Adm. Joseph E. Tofalo as head of US Submarine Forces and Allied Submarine Command Friday at a ceremony aboard the Virginia-class attack submarine USS Washington, according to a Navy release.

"The mission of our Submarine Force today is clear," Richard said. "We are back in a world in the midst of major power competition. In that competition our strength undersea is a key advantage that we have. That will not change on my watch. With so much at stake, we cannot let up and must execute our mission with a continued sense of urgency."


          US hits Russia with sanctions over UK nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Washington says it will impose fresh sanctions on Russia after it determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain. Reported by SBS 26 minutes ago.
          US to sanction Russia for UK nerve attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The United States is to impose sanctions on Russia for its use of a nerve agent in an attempt to kill a former Russian spy and his daughter in the UK. Reported by SBS 2 hours ago.
          US says Russia behind nerve attack in UK, to impose sanctions      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Sanctions will take effect on or around August 22. Reported by SBS 2 hours ago.
          Thibaut Courtois Expected to Leave Chelsea, Undergo Real Madrid Medical Tomorrow      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Chelsea are set to complete a triad of summer transfer window deadline day moves with goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois finishing out the triad of deals. Blue is the color of deadline day. The winner of the Golden Gloves award with Belgium at the World Cup in Russia this summer is set to undergo his Real Madrid […]

The post Thibaut Courtois Expected to Leave Chelsea, Undergo Real Madrid Medical Tomorrow appeared first on The Bank.


          Pentagon is moving toward establishing Trump’s Space Force      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

WASHINGTON – The Pentagon is moving toward fulfilling President Donald Trump’s request to establish a Space Force, in what would be the first new branch of the military in more than 70 years.

In a speech at the Pentagon Thursday at 11:15 a.m., Vice President Mike Pence is scheduled to lay out the administration’s plan. The Pentagon is also expected to release a Congressionally-mandated report on the issue.

But the calls for a separate military branch have been met with strong reluctance in some parts of the Pentagon amid concerns that it doesn’t need the burdens of a new bureaucracy. The move could significantly reorganize the military and potentially strip the Air Force of some of its key responsibilities.

Last year, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said in a memo to Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, that he opposed “the creation of a new military service and additional organizational layers at a time when we are focused on reducing overhead and integrating joint warfighting functions.”

On Tuesday, however, Mattis said that military leaders “are in complete alignment with the president’s concern about protecting our assets in space to contribute to our security to our economy and we’re going to have to address it as other countries show a capability to attack those assets.”

Congressional approval would be needed to stand up an entirely new military branch. A Space Force, dedicated to space the way the Navy is to the sea, would be the first new military service since the Air Force was created in 1947. But Mattis said that creating a new combatant command for space, such as one that governs the Pentagon’s Special Operations “is certainly one thing that we can establish.”

He added that the plan for how best to implement it was still ongoing: “I don’t have all the final answers yet. We’re still putting it together.”

Defense One, a news outlet focused on the military, recently reported that the combatant command would be led by a four-star general and there would also be an agency focused on buying satellites, citing a draft copy of a report due to Congress soon.

For years, the Pentagon has been warning about how space has become a contested domain of war-just like the land, air and sea. And it has become increasingly concerned that its assets in space are vulnerable to attack.

Military leaders have said repeatedly that modern warfare depends on space. The Pentagon and intelligence community has a host of sensitive satellites that perform all sorts of vital national security tasks, such as missile warning, precision-guided munitions, military communications, intelligence. But how best to protect those assets-and deter other potential adversaries from attacking them-has touched off an intense debate in Washington.

Last year, some members of Congress proposed creating a “Space Corps” inside the Air Force, similar to how the Marine Corps is part of the Navy Department. Senior Pentagon officials opposed the measure, and the plan was shelved.

Trump’s Space Force plan would go even further, creating a new branch, with both a new member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and a political appointee serving as a service secretary.

During a speech in June, Trump directed the “to immediately begin the process necessary to establish a Space Force as the sixth branch of the Armed Forces.” And he said that “we are going to have the Air Force, and we are going to have the Space Force-separate but equal.”

Military officials are concerned about the threats posed by China and Russia in particular. In 2007, China destroyed one of its dead weather satellites with a missile. Then a few years later it fired another missile, this time into the deeper orbit where the Pentagon parks its most sensitive satellites.

That made it clear to the Pentagon that space, long seen as a peaceful domain, was a place where wars could be fought and won.

“There’s not a mission today that we do in the military that doesn’t in some way depend upon space,” Air Force Sec. Heather Wilson said an event last month at The Washington Post. “But we built that architecture in space at a time when it was benign. We built the glass houses before the invention of stones. So now, we have to adjust and make sure that we can defend what we do in space and deter anyone from challenging us there.”

But the plan to create an entirely new branch of the service has rankled some in the Pentagon, who say it is unnecessary, and that the Air Force has for years looked after the nation’s interests in orbit.

Earlier this year, Gen John Hyten, the commander of the U.S. Strategic Command, said that rather than going through the difficulty of new organizational constructs, “I believe the leadership we have now can execute the missions that we need to.”

Since then, the White House has continued to press forward for a Space Force, giving the issue momentum and the weight of the executive branch.

“We have the direction from the president, and we’re underway,” Mattis said Tuesday.


          Trump administration to hit Russia with new sanctions for Skripal poisoning - NBC News      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          Russia, China, Not ‘Our Friends’ - US Strategic Command Chief      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
“You can’t call them [Russia and China] our friends if they’re building weapons that can destroy the United States of America,” the US top nuclear commander said Tuesday.
          Trump Lawyers Reject Broad Interview with Special Counsel      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Attorneys for US President Donald Trump said their client would not be sitting for an interview with special counsel Robert Mueller's investigators for their probe into alleged collusion between the president's campaign team and Russia under the terms of the interview Mueller suggested.
          Finance Min.: Russia to Rely on Domestic Investors if US Sanctions Russian Debt      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Russian Finance Ministry has commented on a recently introduced US bill, aimed at introducing sanctions against Moscow's national debt.
          Politico узнали, какую записку Путин передал Трампу в Хельсинки      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

В документе, который попал на стол к хозяину Белого дома, россияне изложили ряд предложений по взаимному разоружению - от ядерного оружия до космоса.

Российский президент Владимир Путин на встрече 16 июля в Хельсинки передал американскому лидеру Дональду Трампу документы с предложением продлить на пять лет договор об ограничении ядерных арсеналов. Об этом со ссылкой на документ "Диалог по вопросу контроля над вооружениями" пишет журнал из США Politiсо, передаёт news.liga.net.

Издание утверждает, что страницы под грифом секретно попали в редакцию от россиянина, "получившего их от чиновника в РФ, который сказал, что этот документ Путин передал Трампу".

Среди предложений Путина Трампу - продление на пять лет действия договора о Стратегических наступательных вооружениях (СНВ-III). Он в 2010 году был подписан президентами Бараком Обамой и Дмитрием Медведевым, и его действие истекает в 2021-м. Это соглашение ограничивает размер ядерных арсеналов стран-подписантов.

Также Москва, как утверждает издание, предлагает подтвердить приверженность Договору о ликвидации ракет средней и малой дальности.

Помимо этого, Путин в Хельсинки якобы говорил с Трампом о новом запрете на размещение оружия в космосе, а также выступил за создание механизма консультаций на уровне министров обороны и иностранных дел.

В Белом доме отказались прокомментировать Politico эту информацию, кроме опровержения того, что Трамп получил какие-либо подобные документы.

          Royal Navy Monitoring Russian Warships' Passage Through UK Waters      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
MOSCOW (Sputnik) -The UK Royal Navy said in a statement on Wednesday that its destroyer HMS Diamond was monitoring the overnight passage of Russian destroyer Severomorsk and cruiser Marshal Ustinov through the English Channel.
           Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine appeal to Russia over Georgia - The Baltic Times      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
TBILISI - Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Ukraine on Tuesday called on Russia to "reverse its illegal recognition of the so-called independen......
          Accord with Russia signed for training of Pakistani troops       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan and Russia on Tuesday signed an agreement that allows for training of Pakistani troops at Russian military training institutes.

“Both countries signed the Contract on Admission of Service Members of Pakistan in RF’s (Russian Federation) Training Insti­tutes,” the defence ministry said in a statement.

The agreement was signed at the conclusion of the first meeting of Russia-Pakistan Joint Military Consultative Committee (JMCC), described by the defence ministry as the highest forum of defence collaboration between Pak­istan and the Russian Fede­ra­tion. The two countries had earlier this year, during the visit of the then foreign minister Khawaja Asif to Moscow, agreed to set up a commission to boost military cooperation.

Russian Deputy Defence Minister Col Gen Alexander Fomin led his side at the talks while Pakistani Defence Secretary retired Lt Gen Zamirul Hassan Shah headed the host side.

The two sides, during the talks, reviewed the progress made in bilateral defence cooperation since they signed the defence cooperation pact in November 2014. Subsequently, Pakistan and Russia in October 2015 signed the military-technical cooperation accord providing for arms supplies and cooperation in weapon development.

Russia has over the past three years provided four Mi-35M combat and cargo helicopters to Pakistan and the militaries of the two countries also held joint drills codenamed ‘Friendship’.

“A comprehensive issue based review was also carried out during which the two countries expressed satisfaction on the milestones achieved,” the defence ministry said, adding that the two sides deliberated on areas for cooperation in future.

The talks also featured a discussion on the situation in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

One of Russia’s key concerns in its security dialogue with Pakistan had been the growing foothold of the militant Islamic State (IS) group, also known by its Arabic acronym Daesh, in Afghanistan and the relocation of IS fighters from Iraq and Syria to the land-locked country.

Meanwhile, Gen Fomin visited General Headquarters for a call on Chief of the Army Staff Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa.

During his meeting with Gen Bajwa, the Russian deputy defence minister “expressed requirement” of cooperation to defeat extremism, according to the Inter Services Public Relations.

The two had a discussion on “regional security situation, and matters of mutual interest including enhancement of bilateral defence and security cooperation”.

Published in Dawn, August 8th, 2018


          West Virginia to introduce mobile phone voting for midterm elections      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
West Virginians serving overseas will be the first in the country to cast federal election ballots using a smartphone app, a move designed to make voting in November’s election easier for troops living abroad. But election integrity and computer security experts expressed alarm at the prospect of voting by phone, and one went so far as to call it “a horrific idea.” The state’s decision to pioneer mobile voting comes even as the United States grapples with Russian interference in its […]
          Самый желанный смартфон Xiaomi поступил в продажу в России      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

К сожалению, в России до сих пор нет своего собственного производителя смартфонов, который бы собирал мобильные устройства на территории страны. Это приводит к тому, что абсолютно все телефоны сначала поступают в продажу в каких-то регионах

Сообщение Самый желанный смартфон Xiaomi поступил в продажу в России появились сначала на AKKet.


          (USA-PA-KING OF PRUSSIA) Part-Time Merchandiser      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Are you looking for a company with flexible scheduling to demonstrate your merchandising, customer service and organizational skills? Lawrence Merchandising has a great opportunity for you! Lawrence Merchandising Services (LMS) is a visual merchandising company that services many of the nation’s top retailers and brands. We are always seeking Part time Merchandisers to support our growing client base! What will I be doing? As a Part time Merchandiser, you will help ensure client satisfaction by: + Signing up to be a contact for us when merchandising services are available in retailers near your home. Check in daily to opt-in on projects as they come available in your area. The amount of projects available depends on your location. Some locations have continuous weekly projects, others will vary. Servicing your local retail stores by completing projects in a timely manner, and always delivering quality. + Project tasks vary, but could include stocking, implementing plan-o-grams, visual merchandising, resets, product cut-ins, audits, and developing strong relationships with store personnel. + Watch this brief video for more information about the Merchandiser position. Is LMS for you? + LMS has ongoing nationwide weekly and monthly services and many additional projects available on a first come, first served basis. This position includes variable hours, depending on the territory you are assigned to and the needs of the business. + There may be time periods where projects are not available. This completely depends on your territory. + You will be expected to be flexible to the needs of our business, as we continually strive to meet and exceed the needs of our clients. Perks + FLEXIBILITY! The position is truly flexible! No evenings and weekends are required. + GAIN RETAIL EXPERIENCE! Build a career in Merchandising by gaining retail experience. + INDEPENDENCE! Work independently but have access to a helpful and responsive LMS team. + At LMS you are not an independent contractor, you are a W2 employee and receive all associated benefits such as Employee referral bonus program, and 401(k) to those who qualify. Requirements + Merchandising and/or retail experience preferred + Ability to stand with varied movement for up to 5 hours at a time, ability to regularly lift up to 5 pounds (and up to 20 pounds on rare occasions), fine motor control (hand movements), speech, hearing, sight, ability to read documents with small font sizes, manual dexterity; with or without reasonable accommodation + Access to internet, printer, and camera phone (digital camera acceptable) + Access to a PC or Mac that runs Internet Explorer 11 or later, Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome + Access to Adobe Acrobat Reader (or ability to download) + Preferred: Some projects require access to a smartphone or tablet to participate in the services. How to Apply + Fill out an application by clicking the “Apply for this job online” button to be considered further What is a Retail Merchandiser? For answers to this question, please visit http://www.lmsvc.com/careers/working-as-a-merchandiser.html. Lawrence Merchandising Services is an Equal Opportunity Employer Posting Title: Part-Time Merchandiser Street: 196 SOUTH GULPH ROAD ID: 2018-37112
          U.S. imposes sanctions on Russia for nerve agent attack in UK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Washington said on Wednesday it would impose fresh sanctions on Russia by the end of August after it determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain.

          Daikiri - Daddy's Girl - 19 yr old Russian Cutie's House is Invaded by Officers (HD)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Daikiri - Daddy's Girl - 19 yr old Russian Cutie's House is Invaded by Officers (HD)

          Sen. Rand Paul Delivers Letter from President Trump for Putin      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Paul has been visiting Russia with a delegation for several days
          U.S. to Impose Sanctions on Russia Over U.K. Nerve Agent Attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The sanctions will be imposed on Russia because it used a chemical weapon
          Poseidon Expeditions Spurs Interest in Cruising Russian High Arctic      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Poseidon Expeditions celebrated its 2018 summer season when two of its ships rendezvoused in July in the newest frontier in polar expedition cruising, the Russian High Arctic known as the Franz Josef Land Archipelago. This region was off-limits to foreign travelers until recent decades; it is now largely under the management of the Russian Arctic...
          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department issued a formal determination that Moscow violated international law by poisoning Sergei and Yulia Skripal.
          US to impose sanctions on Russia over Skripal nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain has accused Russia of being behind the attack, which the Kremlin vehemently denies.
           Salman Khan starrer Bharat wraps the Mumbai schedule; all set to kick start shooting in Malta       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Salman Khan starrer Bharat wrapped the first schedule of the film in Mumbai and is all set to start the upcoming schedule in Malta. Salman and Disha Patani shot two dramatic action sequences in Mumbai in the first schedule. The first schedule also included a song sequence, a sneak peek of which was shared by director Ali Abbas Zafar raising the curiosity of the audience.

Salman Khan starrer Bharat wraps the Mumbai schedule; all set to kick start shooting in Malta

Announcing the wrap of the first schedule, Ali Abbas Zafar tweeted," First schedule of @Bharat_TheFilm completed in Mumbai, two dramatic action sequences done..... thank you cast & crew....Here we come Malta..get ready for Desi rock n rolla...

With the story plot revolving around Russian circus during the 60s and 70s era, Disha and Salman have been prepping themselves for the roles for a long time. Disha, who will be portraying the role of a trapeze dancer in the film, learned and rehearsed her moves with circus artists from across the globe.

This will be the third time that audience will see the actor-director duo, Salman, and Ali Abbas Zafar coming together after Tiger Zinda hai and Sultan. Bharat will see Salman Khan and Katrina Kaif in lead roles playing the on-screen love interest.

Bharat revolves around the story of a son's promise to his father during the 1947 India-Pakistan partition. With Salman and Katrina playing the lead roles in the movie, Bharat will also see an ensemble cast of actors like Tabu, Jackie Shroff, Disha Patani, Nora Fatehi and Sunil Grover.

Directed by Ali Abbas Zafar, Bharat is produced by Atul Agnihotri's Reel Life Production Pvt. Ltd and Bhushan Kumar's T-Series releasing Eid 2019.

Also ReadAmid Bharat and Dus Ka Dum shooting, Salman Khan to shoot Bigg Boss 12 promos today


          Senator: Russia has 'penetrated' Florida counties ahead of midterms      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Senator: Russia has 'penetrated' Florida counties ahead of midtermsSen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla., said that Russian bad actors may try to alter his state's voter registration rolls in the upcoming midterms.



          U.S. imposes sanctions on Russia for nerve agent attack in UK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

U.S. imposes sanctions on Russia for nerve agent attack in UKBy Lesley Wroughton WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Washington said on Wednesday it would impose fresh sanctions on Russia by the end of August after it determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain. A senior State Department official said it had notified the Kremlin of the sanctions earlier in the day. Sergei Skripal, a former colonel in Russia's GRU military intelligence service, and his 33-year-old daughter, Yulia, were found slumped unconscious on a bench in the southern English city of Salisbury in March after a liquid form of the Novichok type of nerve agent was applied to his home's front door.



          Donald Trump Tweeted 'Red Wave!' — And Twitter Users Brought The Snark      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Apparently, Trump doesn't care that the color red is associated with Soviet Russia.
          Patchwork...Russian Boy!      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

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          Trump Lawyers Say President Willing to Talk to Mueller...So Long as He Doesn't Ask About Obstruction of Justice      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Jake Johnson, staff writer
President Donald Trump's lawyers have reportedly sent Special Counsel Robert Mueller a "counter-offer" regarding the scope of a possible sit-down interview as part of the ongoing Russia probe, and they apparently made one key demand: Absolutely no questions about whether Trump has obstructed justice.

          Showing Solidarity in Moscow, in a Chechen Courtroom, and Everywhere      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Oleg Orlov and Svetlana Gannushkina of Human Rights Center "Memorial" peacefully protesting politically motivated prosecution of their colleague, Oyub Titiev, Moscow, 2018.

© 2018 Dmitry Borko

Today, as I sat in a tiny courtroom in Shali, a 40-minute drive from Chechnya’s capital, at a hearing in the show trial of human rights defender Oyub Titiev, another hearing was to start in Moscow. It was for two of Oyub’s colleagues from Memorial, a leading Russian rights group, on trial for peacefully supporting their jailed colleague.

On July 9, Oleg Orlov and Svetlana Gannushkina went to Manezhnaya Square, by the Kremlin’s walls, and raised “Freedom to Oyub Titiev” posters. Five minutes later, police arrested them for violating regulations on public gatherings, an administrative offense punishable by a fine of up to 20,000 rubles (about US$317).

Oyub Titiev in court, Chechnya. 

© 2018 Tanya Lokshina/Human Rights Watch

Orlov and Gannushkina fully expected to be arrested. Their show of solidarity happened during the World Cup, and public protests were prohibited in Russia’s World Cup cities this summer. But they wanted to draw attention to the opening that day of Oyub’s trial. Until then, Oyub’s friends and colleagues had hoped for the case to be quietly dropped. The charge of marijuana possession, and the entire case against Oyub is patently bogus.

But once the trial started in Shali, all such hopes vanished. In Chechnya, judges obey the authorities, and the local strongman, Ramzan Kadyrov had publicly condemned Oyub. His colleagues’ protest in Moscow was an important act of solidarity. “It’s the only thing we can now do for Oyub,” they told me.

For a month now, I’ve been traveling to Chechnya almost weekly, talking to Oyub through the bars of the courtroom’s cage. I also show him photographs of colleagues discussing his case with leading European policy-makers, a theater in Moscow performing a play about him, rights activists posing in “#SaveOyub” t-shirts. When Oyub saw the photo of Orlov and Gannushkina at Manezhnaya, he smiled. Seeing friends and strangers fighting for his release helps him get through this parody of a trial. He faces a ten-year prison sentence.

Today, the court in Moscow postponed the decision on Orlov and Gannushkina, but they don’t doubt they’ll be fined

During Oyub’s hearing, when one of his lawyers and the prosecutor got into a shouting match, the judge asked them wearily, “Please behave – a man’s fate is at stake.” But it seems clear to everyone here that Chechnya’s leadership had already decided Oyub will be punished for his human rights work. Nevertheless, we refuse to give up – our presence and support are his lifeline.  


          NATO fighter jet loses secret missile near Russian border      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A NATO fighter guarding its nervous northern states accidentally fired a secret air-to-air missile near the border with Russia yesterday. NATO still can’t find it. The Spanish Eurofighter Typhoon was policing the border of Estonia to deter Russian incursions and keeping an eye on Russia’s activity over the Baltic Sea. While taking part in a...
          U.S. Sanctions Russia Over Nerve-Agent Attack on Ex-Spy in U.K.      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

U.S. Sanctions Russia Over Nerve-Agent Attack on Ex-Spy in U.K.The U.S. announced new sanctions on Russia Wednesday, saying it’s made a final determination that Vladimir Putin’s government was responsible for the March 4 nerve-agent attack on former double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter in the U.K.



          US to impose sanctions on Russia over Salisbury nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department is imposing sanctions on Russia after determining Moscow used a nerve agent to attack two people in the UK in March. The United States expelled a number of Russian diplomats as part of an international response to the attack, when former double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter fell ill after exposure to the nerve agent. Mr Skripal and his daughter Yulia were in intensive care for several weeks.
          US imposing sanctions on Russia over Salisbury poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department is imposing sanctions on Russia after determining Moscow used a nerve agent to attack two people in the UK in March. The United States expelled a number of Russian diplomats as part of an international response to the attack, when former double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter fell ill after exposure to the nerve agent. Mr Skripal and his daughter Yulia were in intensive care for several weeks.
          Тома      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          Tom Cotton is running for re-election. Duh.      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
U.S. Sen. Tom Cotton said today that he's running for re-election in 2020. Just remember, state law was changed in 2015 so that Cotton could run for re-election and run for president in 2020 if opportunity knocked.

Tom Cotton is nothing if not opportunistic. Suppose Donald Trump was otherwise occupied by early retirement, jailing, something.

He's helping his party in the mid-term, he said. No doubt. His PAC's rake of corporate money is being used to help Russian-colluding 2nd District Rep. French Hill beat Democratic challenger Clarke Tucker. Cotton predicted continuing GOP majorities in House and Senate, perhaps an expansion in the Senate.
          Oklahoma Congressmen On 'Wide Open' Search For House Speaker      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Members of the Oklahoma Congressional delegation have voiced their opinions regarding the race for the Speaker of the House of Representatives in the wake of Speaker Boehner’s retirement announcement and front-runner Kevin McCarthy’s decision to leave the race. U.S. Rep. Steve Russell (R-Okla.) described the speaker race as “wide open.” Russell said he approached South Carolina Congressman Trey Gowdy after McCarthy dropped out of the race, but Gowdy quickly said he is not interested. The Freedom Caucus, a group of about 40 conservative House members, opposed McCarthy. Russell said they have no clear plans on issues like budget negotiations, Russia’s moves in Syria or Social Security and Medicare. “We have deep divisions right now with a certain segment that are these 100 percent, all or nothing types of Congressmen in a group. But the problem with that is they can’t even agree amongst themselves on what the 100 percent is,” Russell said. “It’s easy enough to pull the pillars down. It’s
          8/8/2018: THE WORLD: Russia to NATO: Don’t let Georgia in      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
moscow — An attempt by NATO to incorporate the former Soviet republic of Georgia could trigger a new, “horrible” conflict, Russia’s prime minister said Tuesday in a stern warning to the West marking 10 years since the Russia-Georgia war. Dmitry...
          8/8/2018: WEDNESDAY OPINION: Russia was weakening the world order long before 2016      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

If the edifice of the liberal world order is in danger of collapse today — and it is — when did the pillars begin to weaken? Many date the problems to President Trump’s election. But while Trump’s “America First” approach to the world has significantly...
          8/8/2018: WASHINGTONPOST.COM/SPORTS: Capitals get their fill with Cup      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Over the past six weeks, the Stanley Cup has traveled from Washington to Russia and the Czech Republic, throughout Canada and the Midwestern United States. The trophy is headed back to Europe this week, where Capitals players Lars Eller, Andre...
          8/8/2018: SPORTS: Stanley Cup has quite the palate      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

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          The Uninhabitable Earth      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   


The Uninhabitable Earth
Famine, economic collapse, a sun that cooks us: What climate change could wreak — sooner than you think.

By David Wallace-Wells

In the jungles of Costa Rica, where humidity routinely tops 90 percent, simply moving around outside when it’s over 105 degrees Fahrenheit would be lethal. And the effect would be fast: Within a few hours, a human body would be cooked to death from both inside and out. Fossils by Heartless Machine
July 9, 2017

I. ‘Doomsday’
Peering beyond scientific reticence.

It is, I promise, worse than you think. If your anxiety about global warming is dominated by fears of sea-level rise, you are barely scratching the surface of what terrors are possible, even within the lifetime of a teenager today. And yet the swelling seas — and the cities they will drown — have so dominated the picture of global warming, and so overwhelmed our capacity for climate panic, that they have occluded our perception of other threats, many much closer at hand. Rising oceans are bad, in fact very bad; but fleeing the coastline will not be enough.

Indeed, absent a significant adjustment to how billions of humans conduct their lives, parts of the Earth will likely become close to uninhabitable, and other parts horrifically inhospitable, as soon as the end of this century.

Even when we train our eyes on climate change, we are unable to comprehend its scope. This past winter, a string of days 60 and 70 degrees warmer than normal baked the North Pole, melting the permafrost that encased Norway’s Svalbard seed vault — a global food bank nicknamed “Doomsday,” designed to ensure that our agriculture survives any catastrophe, and which appeared to have been flooded by climate change less than ten years after being built.

The Doomsday vault is fine, for now: The structure has been secured and the seeds are safe. But treating the episode as a parable of impending flooding missed the more important news. Until recently, permafrost was not a major concern of climate scientists, because, as the name suggests, it was soil that stayed permanently frozen. But Arctic permafrost contains 1.8 trillion tons of carbon, more than twice as much as is currently suspended in the Earth’s atmosphere. When it thaws and is released, that carbon may evaporate as methane, which is 34 times as powerful a greenhouse-gas warming blanket as carbon dioxide when judged on the timescale of a century; when judged on the timescale of two decades, it is 86 times as powerful. In other words, we have, trapped in Arctic permafrost, twice as much carbon as is currently wrecking the atmosphere of the planet, all of it scheduled to be released at a date that keeps getting moved up, partially in the form of a gas that multiplies its warming power 86 times over.

Maybe you know that already — there are alarming stories in the news every day, like those, last month, that seemed to suggest satellite data showed the globe warming since 1998 more than twice as fast as scientists had thought (in fact, the underlying story was considerably less alarming than the headlines). Or the news from Antarctica this past May, when a crack in an ice shelf grew 11 miles in six days, then kept going; the break now has just three miles to go — by the time you read this, it may already have met the open water, where it will drop into the sea one of the biggest icebergs ever, a process known poetically as “calving.”


Watch: How Climate Change Is Creating More Powerful Hurricanes

But no matter how well-informed you are, you are surely not alarmed enough. Over the past decades, our culture has gone apocalyptic with zombie movies and Mad Max dystopias, perhaps the collective result of displaced climate anxiety, and yet when it comes to contemplating real-world warming dangers, we suffer from an incredible failure of imagination. The reasons for that are many: the timid language of scientific probabilities, which the climatologist James Hansen once called “scientific reticence” in a paper chastising scientists for editing their own observations so conscientiously that they failed to communicate how dire the threat really was; the fact that the country is dominated by a group of technocrats who believe any problem can be solved and an opposing culture that doesn’t even see warming as a problem worth addressing; the way that climate denialism has made scientists even more cautious in offering speculative warnings; the simple speed of change and, also, its slowness, such that we are only seeing effects now of warming from decades past; our uncertainty about uncertainty, which the climate writer Naomi Oreskes in particular has suggested stops us from preparing as though anything worse than a median outcome were even possible; the way we assume climate change will hit hardest elsewhere, not everywhere; the smallness (two degrees) and largeness (1.8 trillion tons) and abstractness (400 parts per million) of the numbers; the discomfort of considering a problem that is very difficult, if not impossible, to solve; the altogether incomprehensible scale of that problem, which amounts to the prospect of our own annihilation; simple fear. But aversion arising from fear is a form of denial, too.

In between scientific reticence and science fiction is science itself. This article is the result of dozens of interviews and exchanges with climatologists and researchers in related fields and reflects hundreds of scientific papers on the subject of climate change. What follows is not a series of predictions of what will happen — that will be determined in large part by the much-less-certain science of human response. Instead, it is a portrait of our best understanding of where the planet is heading absent aggressive action. It is unlikely that all of these warming scenarios will be fully realized, largely because the devastation along the way will shake our complacency. But those scenarios, and not the present climate, are the baseline. In fact, they are our schedule.

The present tense of climate change — the destruction we’ve already baked into our future — is horrifying enough. Most people talk as if Miami and Bangladesh still have a chance of surviving; most of the scientists I spoke with assume we’ll lose them within the century, even if we stop burning fossil fuel in the next decade. Two degrees of warming used to be considered the threshold of catastrophe: tens of millions of climate refugees unleashed upon an unprepared world. Now two degrees is our goal, per the Paris climate accords, and experts give us only slim odds of hitting it. The U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issues serial reports, often called the “gold standard” of climate research; the most recent one projects us to hit four degrees of warming by the beginning of the next century, should we stay the present course. But that’s just a median projection. The upper end of the probability curve runs as high as eight degrees — and the authors still haven’t figured out how to deal with that permafrost melt. The IPCC reports also don’t fully account for the albedo effect (less ice means less reflected and more absorbed sunlight, hence more warming); more cloud cover (which traps heat); or the dieback of forests and other flora (which extract carbon from the atmosphere). Each of these promises to accelerate warming, and the history of the planet shows that temperature can shift as much as five degrees Celsius within thirteen years. The last time the planet was even four degrees warmer, Peter Brannen points out in The Ends of the World, his new history of the planet’s major extinction events, the oceans were hundreds of feet higher.*

The Earth has experienced five mass extinctions before the one we are living through now, each so complete a slate-wiping of the evolutionary record it functioned as a resetting of the planetary clock, and many climate scientists will tell you they are the best analog for the ecological future we are diving headlong into. Unless you are a teenager, you probably read in your high-school textbooks that these extinctions were the result of asteroids. In fact, all but the one that killed the dinosaurs were caused by climate change produced by greenhouse gas. The most notorious was 252 million years ago; it began when carbon warmed the planet by five degrees, accelerated when that warming triggered the release of methane in the Arctic, and ended with 97 percent of all life on Earth dead. We are currently adding carbon to the atmosphere at a considerably faster rate; by most estimates, at least ten times faster. The rate is accelerating. This is what Stephen Hawking had in mind when he said, this spring, that the species needs to colonize other planets in the next century to survive, and what drove Elon Musk, last month, to unveil his plans to build a Mars habitat in 40 to 100 years. These are nonspecialists, of course, and probably as inclined to irrational panic as you or I. But the many sober-minded scientists I interviewed over the past several months — the most credentialed and tenured in the field, few of them inclined to alarmism and many advisers to the IPCC who nevertheless criticize its conservatism — have quietly reached an apocalyptic conclusion, too: No plausible program of emissions reductions alone can prevent climate disaster.

Over the past few decades, the term “Anthropocene” has climbed out of academic discourse and into the popular imagination — a name given to the geologic era we live in now, and a way to signal that it is a new era, defined on the wall chart of deep history by human intervention. One problem with the term is that it implies a conquest of nature (and even echoes the biblical “dominion”). And however sanguine you might be about the proposition that we have already ravaged the natural world, which we surely have, it is another thing entirely to consider the possibility that we have only provoked it, engineering first in ignorance and then in denial a climate system that will now go to war with us for many centuries, perhaps until it destroys us. That is what Wallace Smith Broecker, the avuncular oceanographer who coined the term “global warming,” means when he calls the planet an “angry beast.” You could also go with “war machine.” Each day we arm it more.

II. Heat Death
The bahraining of New York.

In the sugar­cane region of El Salvador, as much as one-fifth of the population has chronic kidney disease, the presumed result of dehydration from working the fields they were able to comfortably harvest as recently as two decades ago. Photo: Heartless Machine
Humans, like all mammals, are heat engines; surviving means having to continually cool off, like panting dogs. For that, the temperature needs to be low enough for the air to act as a kind of refrigerant, drawing heat off the skin so the engine can keep pumping. At seven degrees of warming, that would become impossible for large portions of the planet’s equatorial band, and especially the tropics, where humidity adds to the problem; in the jungles of Costa Rica, for instance, where humidity routinely tops 90 percent, simply moving around outside when it’s over 105 degrees Fahrenheit would be lethal. And the effect would be fast: Within a few hours, a human body would be cooked to death from both inside and out.

Climate-change skeptics point out that the planet has warmed and cooled many times before, but the climate window that has allowed for human life is very narrow, even by the standards of planetary history. At 11 or 12 degrees of warming, more than half the world’s population, as distributed today, would die of direct heat. Things almost certainly won’t get that hot this century, though models of unabated emissions do bring us that far eventually. This century, and especially in the tropics, the pain points will pinch much more quickly even than an increase of seven degrees. The key factor is something called wet-bulb temperature, which is a term of measurement as home-laboratory-kit as it sounds: the heat registered on a thermometer wrapped in a damp sock as it’s swung around in the air (since the moisture evaporates from a sock more quickly in dry air, this single number reflects both heat and humidity). At present, most regions reach a wet-bulb maximum of 26 or 27 degrees Celsius; the true red line for habitability is 35 degrees. What is called heat stress comes much sooner.

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Actually, we’re about there already. Since 1980, the planet has experienced a 50-fold increase in the number of places experiencing dangerous or extreme heat; a bigger increase is to come. The five warmest summers in Europe since 1500 have all occurred since 2002, and soon, the IPCC warns, simply being outdoors that time of year will be unhealthy for much of the globe. Even if we meet the Paris goals of two degrees warming, cities like Karachi and Kolkata will become close to uninhabitable, annually encountering deadly heat waves like those that crippled them in 2015. At four degrees, the deadly European heat wave of 2003, which killed as many as 2,000 people a day, will be a normal summer. At six, according to an assessment focused only on effects within the U.S. from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, summer labor of any kind would become impossible in the lower Mississippi Valley, and everybody in the country east of the Rockies would be under more heat stress than anyone, anywhere, in the world today. As Joseph Romm has put it in his authoritative primer Climate Change: What Everyone Needs to Know, heat stress in New York City would exceed that of present-day Bahrain, one of the planet’s hottest spots, and the temperature in Bahrain “would induce hyperthermia in even sleeping humans.” The high-end IPCC estimate, remember, is two degrees warmer still. By the end of the century, the World Bank has estimated, the coolest months in tropical South America, Africa, and the Pacific are likely to be warmer than the warmest months at the end of the 20th century. Air-conditioning can help but will ultimately only add to the carbon problem; plus, the climate-controlled malls of the Arab emirates aside, it is not remotely plausible to wholesale air-condition all the hottest parts of the world, many of them also the poorest. And indeed, the crisis will be most dramatic across the Middle East and Persian Gulf, where in 2015 the heat index registered temperatures as high as 163 degrees Fahrenheit. As soon as several decades from now, the hajj will become physically impossible for the 2 million Muslims who make the pilgrimage each year.

It is not just the hajj, and it is not just Mecca; heat is already killing us. In the sugarcane region of El Salvador, as much as one-fifth of the population has chronic kidney disease, including over a quarter of the men, the presumed result of dehydration from working the fields they were able to comfortably harvest as recently as two decades ago. With dialysis, which is expensive, those with kidney failure can expect to live five years; without it, life expectancy is in the weeks. Of course, heat stress promises to pummel us in places other than our kidneys, too. As I type that sentence, in the California desert in mid-June, it is 121 degrees outside my door. It is not a record high.

III. The End of Food
Praying for cornfields in the tundra.

Climates differ and plants vary, but the basic rule for staple cereal crops grown at optimal temperature is that for every degree of warming, yields decline by 10 percent. Some estimates run as high as 15 or even 17 percent. Which means that if the planet is five degrees warmer at the end of the century, we may have as many as 50 percent more people to feed and 50 percent less grain to give them. And proteins are worse: It takes 16 calories of grain to produce just a single calorie of hamburger meat, butchered from a cow that spent its life polluting the climate with methane farts.

Pollyannaish plant physiologists will point out that the cereal-crop math applies only to those regions already at peak growing temperature, and they are right — theoretically, a warmer climate will make it easier to grow corn in Greenland. But as the pathbreaking work by Rosamond Naylor and David Battisti has shown, the tropics are already too hot to efficiently grow grain, and those places where grain is produced today are already at optimal growing temperature — which means even a small warming will push them down the slope of declining productivity. And you can’t easily move croplands north a few hundred miles, because yields in places like remote Canada and Russia are limited by the quality of soil there; it takes many centuries for the planet to produce optimally fertile dirt.

Drought might be an even bigger problem than heat, with some of the world’s most arable land turning quickly to desert. Precipitation is notoriously hard to model, yet predictions for later this century are basically unanimous: unprecedented droughts nearly everywhere food is today produced. By 2080, without dramatic reductions in emissions, southern Europe will be in permanent extreme drought, much worse than the American dust bowl ever was. The same will be true in Iraq and Syria and much of the rest of the Middle East; some of the most densely populated parts of Australia, Africa, and South America; and the breadbasket regions of China. None of these places, which today supply much of the world’s food, will be reliable sources of any. As for the original dust bowl: The droughts in the American plains and Southwest would not just be worse than in the 1930s, a 2015 NASA study predicted, but worse than any droughts in a thousand years — and that includes those that struck between 1100 and 1300, which “dried up all the rivers East of the Sierra Nevada mountains” and may have been responsible for the death of the Anasazi civilization.

Remember, we do not live in a world without hunger as it is. Far from it: Most estimates put the number of undernourished at 800 million globally. In case you haven’t heard, this spring has already brought an unprecedented quadruple famine to Africa and the Middle East; the U.N. has warned that separate starvation events in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen could kill 20 million this year alone.

IV. Climate Plagues
What happens when the bubonic ice melts?

Rock, in the right spot, is a record of planetary history, eras as long as millions of years flattened by the forces of geological time into strata with amplitudes of just inches, or just an inch, or even less. Ice works that way, too, as a climate ledger, but it is also frozen history, some of which can be reanimated when unfrozen. There are now, trapped in Arctic ice, diseases that have not circulated in the air for millions of years — in some cases, since before humans were around to encounter them. Which means our immune systems would have no idea how to fight back when those prehistoric plagues emerge from the ice.

The Arctic also stores terrifying bugs from more recent times. In Alaska, already, researchers have discovered remnants of the 1918 flu that infected as many as 500 million and killed as many as 100 million — about 5 percent of the world’s population and almost six times as many as had died in the world war for which the pandemic served as a kind of gruesome capstone. As the BBC reported in May, scientists suspect smallpox and the bubonic plague are trapped in Siberian ice, too — an abridged history of devastating human sickness, left out like egg salad in the Arctic sun.

Experts caution that many of these organisms won’t actually survive the thaw and point to the fastidious lab conditions under which they have already reanimated several of them — the 32,000-year-old “extremophile” bacteria revived in 2005, an 8 million-year-old bug brought back to life in 2007, the 3.5 million–year–old one a Russian scientist self-injected just out of curiosity — to suggest that those are necessary conditions for the return of such ancient plagues. But already last year, a boy was killed and 20 others infected by anthrax released when retreating permafrost exposed the frozen carcass of a reindeer killed by the bacteria at least 75 years earlier; 2,000 present-day reindeer were infected, too, carrying and spreading the disease beyond the tundra.

What concerns epidemiologists more than ancient diseases are existing scourges relocated, rewired, or even re-evolved by warming. The first effect is geographical. Before the early-modern period, when adventuring sailboats accelerated the mixing of peoples and their bugs, human provinciality was a guard against pandemic. Today, even with globalization and the enormous intermingling of human populations, our ecosystems are mostly stable, and this functions as another limit, but global warming will scramble those ecosystems and help disease trespass those limits as surely as Cortés did. You don’t worry much about dengue or malaria if you are living in Maine or France. But as the tropics creep northward and mosquitoes migrate with them, you will. You didn’t much worry about Zika a couple of years ago, either.

As it happens, Zika may also be a good model of the second worrying effect — disease mutation. One reason you hadn’t heard about Zika until recently is that it had been trapped in Uganda; another is that it did not, until recently, appear to cause birth defects. Scientists still don’t entirely understand what happened, or what they missed. But there are things we do know for sure about how climate affects some diseases: Malaria, for instance, thrives in hotter regions not just because the mosquitoes that carry it do, too, but because for every degree increase in temperature, the parasite reproduces ten times faster. Which is one reason that the World Bank estimates that by 2050, 5.2 billion people will be reckoning with it.

V. Unbreathable Air
A rolling death smog that suffocates millions.


By the end of the century, the coolest months in tropical South America, Africa, and the Pacific are likely to be warmer than the warmest months at the end of the 20th century. Photo: Heartless Machine
Our lungs need oxygen, but that is only a fraction of what we breathe. The fraction of carbon dioxide is growing: It just crossed 400 parts per million, and high-end estimates extrapolating from current trends suggest it will hit 1,000 ppm by 2100. At that concentration, compared to the air we breathe now, human cognitive ability declines by 21 percent.

Other stuff in the hotter air is even scarier, with small increases in pollution capable of shortening life spans by ten years. The warmer the planet gets, the more ozone forms, and by mid-century, Americans will likely suffer a 70 percent increase in unhealthy ozone smog, the National Center for Atmospheric Research has projected. By 2090, as many as 2 billion people globally will be breathing air above the WHO “safe” level; one paper last month showed that, among other effects, a pregnant mother’s exposure to ozone raises the child’s risk of autism (as much as tenfold, combined with other environmental factors). Which does make you think again about the autism epidemic in West Hollywood.

Already, more than 10,000 people die each day from the small particles emitted from fossil-fuel burning; each year, 339,000 people die from wildfire smoke, in part because climate change has extended forest-fire season (in the U.S., it’s increased by 78 days since 1970). By 2050, according to the U.S. Forest Service, wildfires will be twice as destructive as they are today; in some places, the area burned could grow fivefold. What worries people even more is the effect that would have on emissions, especially when the fires ravage forests arising out of peat. Peatland fires in Indonesia in 1997, for instance, added to the global CO2 release by up to 40 percent, and more burning only means more warming only means more burning. There is also the terrifying possibility that rain forests like the Amazon, which in 2010 suffered its second “hundred-year drought” in the space of five years, could dry out enough to become vulnerable to these kinds of devastating, rolling forest fires — which would not only expel enormous amounts of carbon into the atmosphere but also shrink the size of the forest. That is especially bad because the Amazon alone provides 20 percent of our oxygen.

Then there are the more familiar forms of pollution. In 2013, melting Arctic ice remodeled Asian weather patterns, depriving industrial China of the natural ventilation systems it had come to depend on, which blanketed much of the country’s north in an unbreathable smog. Literally unbreathable. A metric called the Air Quality Index categorizes the risks and tops out at the 301-to-500 range, warning of “serious aggravation of heart or lung disease and premature mortality in persons with cardiopulmonary disease and the elderly” and, for all others, “serious risk of respiratory effects”; at that level, “everyone should avoid all outdoor exertion.” The Chinese “airpocalypse” of 2013 peaked at what would have been an Air Quality Index of over 800. That year, smog was responsible for a third of all deaths in the country.

VI. Perpetual War
The violence baked into heat.

Climatologists are very careful when talking about Syria. They want you to know that while climate change did produce a drought that contributed to civil war, it is not exactly fair to saythat the conflict is the result of warming; next door, for instance, Lebanon suffered the same crop failures. But researchers like Marshall Burke and Solomon Hsiang have managed to quantify some of the non-obvious relationships between temperature and violence: For every half-degree of warming, they say, societies will see between a 10 and 20 percent increase in the likelihood of armed conflict. In climate science, nothing is simple, but the arithmetic is harrowing: A planet five degrees warmer would have at least half again as many wars as we do today. Overall, social conflict could more than double this century.

This is one reason that, as nearly every climate scientist I spoke to pointed out, the U.S. military is obsessed with climate change: The drowning of all American Navy bases by sea-level rise is trouble enough, but being the world’s policeman is quite a bit harder when the crime rate doubles. Of course, it’s not just Syria where climate has contributed to conflict. Some speculate that the elevated level of strife across the Middle East over the past generation reflects the pressures of global warming — a hypothesis all the more cruel considering that warming began accelerating when the industrialized world extracted and then burned the region’s oil.

What accounts for the relationship between climate and conflict? Some of it comes down to agriculture and economics; a lot has to do with forced migration, already at a record high, with at least 65 million displaced people wandering the planet right now. But there is also the simple fact of individual irritability. Heat increases municipal crime rates, and swearing on social media, and the likelihood that a major-league pitcher, coming to the mound after his teammate has been hit by a pitch, will hit an opposing batter in retaliation. And the arrival of air-conditioning in the developed world, in the middle of the past century, did little to solve the problem of the summer crime wave.

VII. Permanent Economic Collapse
Dismal capitalism in a half-poorer world.

The murmuring mantra of global neoliberalism, which prevailed between the end of the Cold War and the onset of the Great Recession, is that economic growth would save us from anything and everything.
But in the aftermath of the 2008 crash, a growing number of historians studying what they call “fossil capitalism” have begun to suggest that the entire history of swift economic growth, which began somewhat suddenly in the 18th century, is not the result of innovation or trade or the dynamics of global capitalism but simply our discovery of fossil fuels and all their raw power — a onetime injection of new “value” into a system that had previously been characterized by global subsistence living. Before fossil fuels, nobody lived better than their parents or grandparents or ancestors from 500 years before, except in the immediate aftermath of a great plague like the Black Death, which allowed the lucky survivors to gobble up the resources liberated by mass graves. After we’ve burned all the fossil fuels, these scholars suggest, perhaps we will return to a “steady state” global economy. Of course, that onetime injection has a devastating long-term cost: climate change.

The most exciting research on the economics of warming has also come from Hsiang and his colleagues, who are not historians of fossil capitalism but who offer some very bleak analysis of their own: Every degree Celsius of warming costs, on average, 1.2 percent of GDP (an enormous number, considering we count growth in the low single digits as “strong”). This is the sterling work in the field, and their median projection is for a 23 percent loss in per capita earning globally by the end of this century (resulting from changes in agriculture, crime, storms, energy, mortality, and labor).
Tracing the shape of the probability curve is even scarier: There is a 12 percent chance that climate change will reduce global output by more than 50 percent by 2100, they say, and a 51 percent chance that it lowers per capita GDP by 20 percent or more by then, unless emissions decline. By comparison, the Great Recession lowered global GDP by about 6 percent, in a onetime shock; Hsiang and his colleagues estimate a one-in-eight chance of an ongoing and irreversible effect by the end of the century that is eight times worse.

The scale of that economic devastation is hard to comprehend, but you can start by imagining what the world would look like today with an economy half as big, which would produce only half as much value, generating only half as much to offer the workers of the world. It makes the grounding of flights out of heat-stricken Phoenix last month seem like pathetically small economic potatoes. And, among other things, it makes the idea of postponing government action on reducing emissions and relying solely on growth and technology to solve the problem an absurd business calculation.
Every round-trip ticket on flights from New York to London, keep in mind, costs the Arctic three more square meters of ice.

VIII. Poisoned Oceans
Sulfide burps off the skeleton coast.

That the sea will become a killer is a given. Barring a radical reduction of emissions, we will see at least four feet of sea-level rise and possibly ten by the end of the century. A third of the world’s major cities are on the coast, not to mention its power plants, ports, navy bases, farmlands, fisheries, river deltas, marshlands, and rice-paddy empires, and even those above ten feet will flood much more easily, and much more regularly, if the water gets that high. At least 600 million people live within ten meters of sea level today.

But the drowning of those homelands is just the start. At present, more than a third of the world’s carbon is sucked up by the oceans — thank God, or else we’d have that much more warming already. But the result is what’s called “ocean acidification,” which, on its own, may add a half a degree to warming this century. It is also already burning through the planet’s water basins — you may remember these as the place where life arose in the first place. You have probably heard of “coral bleaching” — that is, coral dying — which is very bad news, because reefs support as much as a quarter of all marine life and supply food for half a billion people. Ocean acidification will fry fish populations directly, too, though scientists aren’t yet sure how to predict the effects on the stuff we haul out of the ocean to eat; they do know that in acid waters, oysters and mussels will struggle to grow their shells, and that when the pH of human blood drops as much as the oceans’ pH has over the past generation, it induces seizures, comas, and sudden death.

That isn’t all that ocean acidification can do. Carbon absorption can initiate a feedback loop in which underoxygenated waters breed different kinds of microbes that turn the water still more “anoxic,” first in deep ocean “dead zones,” then gradually up toward the surface. There, the small fish die out, unable to breathe, which means oxygen-eating bacteria thrive, and the feedback loop doubles back. This process, in which dead zones grow like cancers, choking off marine life and wiping out fisheries, is already quite advanced in parts of the Gulf of Mexico and just off Namibia, where hydrogen sulfide is bubbling out of the sea along a thousand-mile stretch of land known as the “Skeleton Coast.” The name originally referred to the detritus of the whaling industry, but today it’s more apt than ever. Hydrogen sulfide is so toxic that evolution has trained us to recognize the tiniest, safest traces of it, which is why our noses are so exquisitely skilled at registering flatulence. Hydrogen sulfide is also the thing that finally did us in that time 97 percent of all life on Earth died, once all the feedback loops had been triggered and the circulating jet streams of a warmed ocean ground to a halt — it’s the planet’s preferred gas for a natural holocaust. Gradually, the ocean’s dead zones spread, killing off marine species that had dominated the oceans for hundreds of millions of years, and the gas the inert waters gave off into the atmosphere poisoned everything on land. Plants, too. It was millions of years before the oceans recovered.

IX. The Great Filter
Our present eeriness cannot last.

So why can’t we see it? In his recent book-length essay The Great Derangement, the Indian novelist Amitav Ghosh wonders why global warming and natural disaster haven’t become major subjects of contemporary fiction — why we don’t seem able to imagine climate catastrophe, and why we haven’t yet had a spate of novels in the genre he basically imagines into half-existence and names “the environmental uncanny.” “Consider, for example, the stories that congeal around questions like, ‘Where were you when the Berlin Wall fell?’ or ‘Where were you on 9/11?’ ” he writes. “Will it ever be possible to ask, in the same vein, ‘Where were you at 400 ppm?’ or ‘Where were you when the Larsen B ice shelf broke up?’ ” His answer: Probably not, because the dilemmas and dramas of climate change are simply incompatible with the kinds of stories we tell ourselves about ourselves, especially in novels, which tend to emphasize the journey of an individual conscience rather than the poisonous miasma of social fate.

Surely this blindness will not last — the world we are about to inhabit will not permit it. In a six-degree-warmer world, the Earth’s ecosystem will boil with so many natural disasters that we will just start calling them “weather”: a constant swarm of out-of-control typhoons and tornadoes and floods and droughts, the planet assaulted regularly with climate events that not so long ago destroyed whole civilizations. The strongest hurricanes will come more often, and we’ll have to invent new categories with which to describe them; tornadoes will grow longer and wider and strike much more frequently, and hail rocks will quadruple in size. Humans used to watch the weather to prophesy the future; going forward, we will see in its wrath the vengeance of the past. Early naturalists talked often about “deep time” — the perception they had, contemplating the grandeur of this valley or that rock basin, of the profound slowness of nature. What lies in store for us is more like what the Victorian anthropologists identified as “dreamtime,” or “everywhen”: the semi-mythical experience, described by Aboriginal Australians, of encountering, in the present moment, an out-of-time past, when ancestors, heroes, and demigods crowded an epic stage. You can find it already watching footage of an iceberg collapsing into the sea — a feeling of history happening all at once.

It is. Many people perceive climate change as a sort of moral and economic debt, accumulated since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and now come due after several centuries — a helpful perspective, in a way, since it is the carbon-burning processes that began in 18th-century England that lit the fuse of everything that followed. But more than half of the carbon humanity has exhaled into the atmosphere in its entire history has been emitted in just the past three decades; since the end of World War II, the figure is 85 percent. Which means that, in the length of a single generation, global warming has brought us to the brink of planetary catastrophe, and that the story of the industrial world’s kamikaze mission is also the story of a single lifetime. My father’s, for instance: born in 1938, among his first memories the news of Pearl Harbor and the mythic Air Force of the propaganda films that followed, films that doubled as advertisements for imperial-American industrial might; and among his last memories the coverage of the desperate signing of the Paris climate accords on cable news, ten weeks before he died of lung cancer last July. Or my mother’s: born in 1945, to German Jews fleeing the smokestacks through which their relatives were incinerated, now enjoying her 72nd year in an American commodity paradise, a paradise supported by the supply chains of an industrialized developing world. She has been smoking for 57 of those years, unfiltered.

Or the scientists’. Some of the men who first identified a changing climate (and given the generation, those who became famous were men) are still alive; a few are even still working. Wally Broecker is 84 years old and drives to work at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory across the Hudson every day from the Upper West Side. Like most of those who first raised the alarm, he believes that no amount of emissions reduction alone can meaningfully help avoid disaster. Instead, he puts his faith in carbon capture — untested technology to extract carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which Broecker estimates will cost at least several trillion dollars — and various forms of “geoengineering,” the catchall name for a variety of moon-shot technologies far-fetched enough that many climate scientists prefer to regard them as dreams, or nightmares, from science fiction. He is especially focused on what’s called the aerosol approach — dispersing so much sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere that when it converts to sulfuric acid, it will cloud a fifth of the horizon and reflect back 2 percent of the sun’s rays, buying the planet at least a little wiggle room, heat-wise. “Of course, that would make our sunsets very red, would bleach the sky, would make more acid rain,” he says. “But you have to look at the magnitude of the problem. You got to watch that you don’t say the giant problem shouldn’t be solved because the solution causes some smaller problems.” He won’t be around to see that, he told me. “But in your lifetime …”

Jim Hansen is another member of this godfather generation. Born in 1941, he became a climatologist at the University of Iowa, developed the groundbreaking “Zero Model” for projecting climate change, and later became the head of climate research at NASA, only to leave under pressure when, while still a federal employee, he filed a lawsuit against the federal government charging inaction on warming (along the way he got arrested a few times for protesting, too). The lawsuit, which is brought by a collective called Our Children’s Trust and is often described as “kids versus climate change,” is built on an appeal to the equal-protection clause, namely, that in failing to take action on warming, the government is violating it by imposing massive costs on future generations; it is scheduled to be heard this winter in Oregon district court. Hansen has recently given up on solving the climate problem with a carbon tax alone, which had been his preferred approach, and has set about calculating the total cost of the additional measure of extracting carbon from the atmosphere.

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Hansen began his career studying Venus, which was once a very Earth-like planet with plenty of life-supporting water before runaway climate change rapidly transformed it into an arid and uninhabitable sphere enveloped in an unbreathable gas; he switched to studying our planet by 30, wondering why he should be squinting across the solar system to explore rapid environmental change when he could see it all around him on the planet he was standing on. “When we wrote our first paper on this, in 1981,” he told me, “I remember saying to one of my co-authors, ‘This is going to be very interesting. Sometime during our careers, we’re going to see these things beginning to happen.’ ”

Several of the scientists I spoke with proposed global warming as the solution to Fermi’s famous paradox, which asks, If the universe is so big, then why haven’t we encountered any other intelligent life in it? The answer, they suggested, is that the natural life span of a civilization may be only several thousand years, and the life span of an industrial civilization perhaps only several hundred. In a universe that is many billions of years old, with star systems separated as much by time as by space, civilizations might emerge and develop and burn themselves up simply too fast to ever find one another. Peter Ward, a charismatic paleontologist among those responsible for discovering that the planet’s mass extinctions were caused by greenhouse gas, calls this the “Great Filter”: “Civilizations rise, but there’s an environmental filter that causes them to die off again and disappear fairly quickly,” he told me. “If you look at planet Earth, the filtering we’ve had in the past has been in these mass extinctions.” The mass extinction we are now living through has only just begun; so much more dying is coming.

And yet, improbably, Ward is an optimist. So are Broecker and Hansen and many of the other scientists I spoke to. We have not developed much of a religion of meaning around climate change that might comfort us, or give us purpose, in the face of possible annihilation. But climate scientists have a strange kind of faith: We will find a way to forestall radical warming, they say, because we must.

It is not easy to know how much to be reassured by that bleak certainty, and how much to wonder whether it is another form of delusion; for global warming to work as parable, of course, someone needs to survive to tell the story. The scientists know that to even meet the Paris goals, by 2050, carbon emissions from energy and industry, which are still rising, will have to fall by half each decade; emissions from land use (deforestation, cow farts, etc.) will have to zero out; and we will need to have invented technologies to extract, annually, twice as much carbon from the atmosphere as the entire planet’s plants now do. Nevertheless, by and large, the scientists have an enormous confidence in the ingenuity of humans — a confidence perhaps bolstered by their appreciation for climate change, which is, after all, a human invention, too. They point to the Apollo project, the hole in the ozone we patched in the 1980s, the passing of the fear of mutually assured destruction. Now we’ve found a way to engineer our own doomsday, and surely we will find a way to engineer our way out of it, one way or another. The planet is not used to being provoked like this, and climate systems designed to give feedback over centuries or millennia prevent us — even those who may be watching closely — from fully imagining the damage done already to the planet. But when we do truly see the world we’ve made, they say, we will also find a way to make it livable. For them, the alternative is simply unimaginable.

*This article appears in the July 10, 2017, issue of New York Magazine.

*This article has been updated to provide context for the recent news reports about revisions to a satellite data set, to more accurately reflect the rate of warming during the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, to clarify a reference to Peter Brannen’s The Ends of the World, and to make clear that James Hansen still supports a carbon-tax based approach to emissions.


          Trump administration to impose fresh sanctions on Russia after determining Kremlin used nerve agent in Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Trump administration to impose fresh sanctions on Russia after determining Kremlin used nerve agent in Salisbury attackThe US government has said it will impose fresh sanctions on Russia after determining it used a nerve agent in the attack against a former Russian spy in Salisbury. The State Department said the sanctions will be imposed on Moscow because it used a chemical weapon in violation of international law in the attack on former Russian spy, Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia, 33.



          Stocks go nowhere as US-China trade war drags energy lower      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

trump china xi

Stocks were mixed Wednesday despite a recent wave of upbeat corporate earnings as a new round of tariffs between the US and China dragged energy companies lower. The dollar and Treasury yields fell. 

Here's the scoreboard:

Dow Jones industrial average25,583.55 −45.36 (-0.18%)

S&P 500: 2,861.20 +2.75 (+0.096%)

Nasdaq Composite 7,888.33 +4.66 (+0.06%)

  1. Another $16 billion worth of US exports to China — including oil products and cars — will be subject to a 25% tax. After the Trump administration followed through with a 25% tariff on an additional $16 billion of Chinese goods, Beijing retaliated in kind. The latest tariffs, which bring the running total of targeted goods to $50 billion for both China and the US, are set to take effect August 23.
  2. Washington rolled out punitive sanctions against Moscow for the poisoning of ex-spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter in March. The measures came amid pressure from Congress and months after the UK issued sanctions penalizing the Kremlin for the poisoning, which took place on British soil.
  3. Saudi Arabia's central bank ordered its fund managers to dump Canadian bonds, stocks and cash. The move came after Canada's foreign ministry criticized Saudi Arabia for its arrests of prominent human-rights activists and called for their release. Saudi Arabia's state airline is also set to suspend flights to and from Toronto Pearson International beginning next week. 
  4. Earnings season rolls on. 21st Century Fox and Roku report after the bell — follow Business Insider here for live updates. 

And a look at the upcoming economic calendar:

SEE ALSO: Tesla's surging stock has cost short sellers $3 billion this month

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: An early bitcoin investor explains what most people get wrong about the cryptocurrency


          Dear @Alyssa_Milano: Perhaps Try Reducing Your Media Kool-Aid Intake      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
  What does Trump Derangement Syndrome look like? A popular actress who is convinced that the only explanation for third-party votes in a special congressional election is Russian meddling. What causes this kind of dangerous paranoid lunacy? A constant diet of one-sided partisan media. It’s likely that Ms. Milano never watches any “news” except CNN […]

          New Book! :: Folk Art Embroidery      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Folk Art Embroidery book
Yesterday there was only four weeks until my next book/kit is published!! Folk Art Embroidery is a collection of embroidery designs inspired by folk art from different parts of the world. If you've followed this blog for a while, I think you know that folk art is something I am very inspired by, so I was really excited to do a book all about that!

Unlike my other books, Folk Art Embroidery is part of a kit where you get a hoop and needles plus threads, fabric and an iron-on transfer to make two of the patterns.

I have five signed copies of Folk Art available, and I probably won't get anymore. Because it's a kit, storing the boxes takes up a lot of room! So if you want a signed copy of this book, now's the time. Once they're gone, they're gone. ;-)

The patterns are inspired by all kinds of folk art: Russian doll, Moroccan tiles, Japanese maneki neko, mud cloth, Pennsylvania Dutch etc etc. It was really interesting exploring all these different things. Some I already knew a bit about, others were completely new to me. And some I thought I knew about turned up some surprises. For example, did you know that the Russian matryoshka stacking dolls are actually inspired by Japanese dolls? I had no idea!

Folk Art Embroidery book
There are 10 patterns in the book, some are quite quick to stitch, while others require some time to finish. A couple of them have a lot of satin stitch! :-)

If you want to have a look at the inside of the book from the kit, here are a couple of screenshots. The book has all the "get started with embroidery" you need and also some information about the culture which inspired each embroidery design.






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          U.S. orders new sanctions against Russia over chemical attack in Britain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The U.S. on Wednesday cleared the way for a new round of sanctions against Russia after the State Department formally concluded that Moscow violated the international ban on chemical weapons with a nerve agent attack earlier this year against a former Soviet spy and his daughter.

That determination...


          One Russian company seems thrilled with Trump’s move on asbestos      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US Environmental Protection Agency is moving to open new avenues to approve asbestos products, and at least one Russian asbestos producer seems thrilled about…
          U.S. to impose sanctions on Russia over nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Following a 15-day congressional notification period, the sanctions will take effect on or around Aug. 22.

          Unbowed by Russia questions, Trump Jr. becomes GOP star      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WASHINGTON (AP) — The president has been privately fretting over his eldest son's legal exposure in the special counsel's investigation. But Donald Trump Jr. isn't letting any scrutiny slow him down.Speculation about whether Trump Jr. co
          #melbourne - trade_binary_with_joe      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Invest with us on forex📊📉and binary option💹📈 trade and earn 1000% of your investment💵 in just 7 trading days. Start now that the offer is still available and become financially independent💵💶💷. DM me📩if you're interested . . #newyork #malaysia#london #toronto#miami #texas #florida #northcarolina #lasvegas #losangeles #miami #south #dubai#orlando#india#houston #berlin #bitcoin #australia #southbeach #switzerland #sandiego #europe#denmark #gold #amsterdam #kuwait#melbourne #denver#boston"#india#russia
           Актриса и телеведущая Ангелина Вовк попала в ДТП - Россия 24       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
К счастью, никто не пострадал. Об аварии актриса рассказала на своей странице в соцсети. Она обвинила в некомпетентности сотрудников ГИБДД, которые именно Вовк назвали предполагаемой виновницей происшествия. Телеведущая была уверена, что неправ другой водитель. Подпишитесь на канал Россия24: https://www.youtube.com/c/russia24tv?sub_confirmation=1 Последние новости России и мира, политика, экономика, бизнес, курсы валют, культура, технологии, спорт, интервью, специальные репортажи, происшествия и многое другое. Официальный YouTube канал ВГТРК. Россия 24 - это единственный российский информационный канал, вещающий 24 часа в сутки. Мировые новости и новости регионов России. Экономическая аналитика и интервью с влиятельнейшими персонами. Смотрите также: 60 минут - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCR16nHT1nkmG7g9AkE9tGeQ?sub_confirmation=1 Новости в прямом эфире - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaQ73BA1ECZR916u5EI6DnEE Международное обозрение - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaSEmz_g88P4pjTgoDzVwfP7 Специальный репортаж - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaQLdG0uLyM27FhyBi6J0Ikf Интервью - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaReDfS4-5gJqluKn-BGo3Js Реплика - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaQHbPaRzLi35yWWs5EUnvOs Факты - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaR4eBu2aWmjknIzXn2hPX4c Мнение - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaST71OImm-f_kc-4G9pJtSG Агитпроп - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaTDGsEdC72F1lI1twaLfu9c Россия и мир в цифрах - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaRx4uhDdyX5NhSy5aeTMcc4 Вести в субботу с Брилевым - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6MnxjOjSRsQAPpOhH0l_GTegWckbTIB4 Вести недели с Киселевым - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLHjKKyQ4OaTpipoWQNR1ya5zp19Gc4ZB Специальный корреспондент - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLDsFlvSBdSWfD19Ygi5fQADrrc4ICefyG Воскресный вечер с Соловьевым - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwJvP0lZee7zYMGBmzUqNn16P71vHzgkU
          US Slaps New Sanctions on Russia Over Ex-Russian Spy Poisoning in Britain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The United States is imposing tough new sanctions on Russia after determining Moscow was responsible for poisoning a former Russian spy and his daughter in Britain in March. The State Department says Russia broke international law when it used a lethal nerve agent against its own nationals. A policeman found Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia slumped over on a bench and unconscious in the British city of Salisbury. It was determined that they were sickened by Novichok - a Soviet-era military-grade nerve agent. Both survived but spent weeks in the hospital. The sanctions announced Wednesday are set to take effect on August 22. They generally affect U.S. licenses for exporting sensitive national security goods to Russia, such as electronics. A senior State Department official said Wednesday that Russia could face another round of "more Draconian" sanctions within 90 days unless it provides "reliable assurances" it is no longer using chemical or biological weapons.   Despite President Donald Trump’s mantra that "no one has been tougher on Russia" than his administration, the sanctions announced Wednesday are mandatory. They were triggered by a 1991 Congressional law, the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act. The British Foreign Office says it welcomes the U.S. sanctions. "The strong international response to the use of a chemical weapon on the streets of Salisbury sends an unequivocal message to Russia that its provocative, reckless behavior will not go unchallenged," it said in a statement. Russia has not reacted so far to the sanctions. But it has denied any involvement in the Skripal poisonings. It also said it had nothing to do with the poisoning of a British couple near Salisbury in June who picked up a bottle that also contained Novichok, killing 44-year-old Dawn Sturgess. Her boyfriend, Charlie Rowley, survived. British officials have told reporters they have identified at least two suspects in the Skripal attack. Newspaper reports say the two are in Russia, and Britain is getting ready to ask for their extradition.
          Terms of Trump-Mueller Interview Still Being Negotiated       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Fifteen months since special counsel Robert Mueller was appointed to head the probe into Russia's meddling in the 2016 U.S. election, prosecutors and lawyers for President Donald Trump are still negotiating over what questions investigators can ask the president. News reports Wednesday quoted the president's lawyers as saying they are trying to narrow the scope of Mueller's questions by declining to allow the president to answer questions about possible obstruction of justice. In an interview with CNN, Rudy Giuliani, one of Trump's lawyers on the case, said the team is sending a new letter today with a counteroffer. Giuliani declined to describe the counteroffer. The Washington Post reports Giuliani, a former New York mayor who joined the Trump legal team in April this year, said the letter will largely reject a presidential interview that would include questions about possible obstruction of justice, particularly in regard to the firing of former FBI Director James Comey. Mueller has been seeking to interview the president for months. Trump has repeatedly urged his legal team to allow him to be interviewed, believing it will give him the opportunity to clear his name. Trump's lawyers have advised him against it, citing the fear of a "perjury trap." One of the defenses often invoked by Giuliani and other members of Trump's legal team in regard to whether Trump is obstructing justice by firing Comey is Article II of the U.S. Constitution. The provision gives the president executive authority to appoint and dismiss members of his administration. In May 2017 Trump fired Comey, who was leading the Russia investigation. The day after the firing, Trump said that Russia was on his mind when he made the decision. Interview scope unclear The president's lawyers had previously offered the special counsel written answers to obstruction questions and insisted on limiting the interview to matters before Trump's presidential inauguration. Of particular interest to Mueller is the June 2016 Trump Tower meeting between the president's son Donald Trump Jr., several top campaign aides, and a Russian lawyer with connections to the Kremlin. Last weekend, Trump tweeted that the meeting's purpose was to "get information on an opponent," i.e. former Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton. He claimed that such a meeting was "totally legal" and "done all the time in politics." Trump's tweets are at odds with his own statements about the encounter, as well as with Trump Jr.'s statement in July 2017, saying the meeting had been mostly about issues related to Americans adopting Russian children. Last month, Trump declared on Twitter that "collusion is not a crime," as he continued his attacks on Mueller's investigation. Mueller is examining Trump's tweets and public statements to determine whether he made them with the intention to deceive investigators. Subpoena? If Mueller and the Trump legal team fail to reach an agreement on the interview, Mueller could resort to issuing a subpoena to the president. In an interview with ABC on Sunday, Jay Sekulow, a member of Trump's legal team, said a subpoena would spark a legal battle that could go all the way to the Supreme Court. In May 2017, Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein appointed Mueller to investigate "any links and/or coordination between the Russian government and individuals associated with the campaign of President Donald Trump," as well as "any matters that arose or may arise directly from the investigation." The investigation has led to the indictments of several members of Trump's circle, including former Trump campaign foreign policy adviser George Papadopoulos, Trump's former national security adviser Michael Flynn, Trump's former campaign chair Paul Manafort and former Trump campaign aide Rick Gates, as well as 12 Russian intelligence agents. Trump has repeatedly called the Russia probe a "witch hunt."
          Pakistan, Russia Sign Rare Military Cooperation Pact       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Pakistan has wrapped up a groundbreaking contract with Russia that would, for the first time, open doors for Russian military training of Pakistani army officers. The rare deal comes amid deteriorating relations between Islamabad and the United States, which has resulted in the halt of all military exchange programs with Pakistan and left a void that Moscow has stepped in to fill. The security training agreement concluded Tuesday at the end of the two-day inaugural meeting of the Russia-Pakistan Joint Military Consultative Committee (JMCC), said a Pakistan Defense Ministry statement. Pakistani Defense Secretary Zamir ul Hassan Shah and visiting Russian Deputy Defense Minister Col. Gen. Alexander Fomin led their respective delegations at the talks in Rawalpindi, where the army is headquartered. "The two sides also held in-depth discussions on avenues of future cooperation. At the end, both countries signed the Contract on Admission of Service Members of Pakistan in the RF [Russian Federation's] Training Institutes," said the ministry statement. The Islamabad-Moscow security partnership has strengthened and expanded since late 2014, when the two former rivals signed their defense cooperation agreement. Russia sold four Mi-35M combat helicopters to Pakistan under the deal, and both countries have since held two rounds of counterterrorism military drills on each other's soil. Navies of the two countries also recently participated in joint antidrug exercises in the Arabian Sea. The latest naval collaboration took place last week in St. Petersburg, where a Pakistani warship participated in the major Russian Navy Day parade. "It was a very important event for us. Actually, illustration of this importance is that this parade was taken by the commander-in-chief of Russian armed forces, President Mr. Putin," Russian ambassador to Pakistan, Alexey Dedov, said last week. "This cooperation is developing into many directions. So, there is quite a wide spectrum. And, of course, this is a reflection of our approach to the relations with Pakistan, which to our country has their own independent value for us." Pakistan-U.S. ties Pakistan's relations with the U.S., meanwhile, have deteriorated since President Donald Trump took office and blamed Islamabad in his South Asia strategy for harboring terrorists and not doing enough to stop insurgent attacks in neighboring Afghanistan. Trump suspended all military assistance to Pakistan in January until it takes decisive action against militants on its soil. Pakistani leaders have rejected terrorism and other charges, saying they stem from U.S. security failures in Afghanistan. They also say that halting decades-old military diplomacy will fuel misunderstandings between the two countries. "Training at Russian military institutes would bring about a major shift in the world view of top [Pakistan] military officers," noted Baqir Sajjad, an Islamabad-based journalist and defense analyst. "Until now, the brightest officers poised for leadership positions were trained in U.S." Pakistan's Prime Minister-elect Imran Khan vowed Wednesday that his would-be government will work to improve relations with the U.S. "Pakistan and the United States have witnessed many ups and downs in their relationship, which were the outcome of a trust deficit between the two countries," Khan told acting American ambassador to Islamabad, John Hoover, who called the Pakistani leader to congratulate him on his election victory. An official statement issued after the meeting said the prime minister-in-waiting said his government will engage with the U.S. to make the relationship more balanced and trustworthy. Khan called on the U.S. and the region in general to work collectively to find a political settlement to Afghanistan. He also emphasized the "revitalization of diplomatic ties between the two countries and stressed the need to transform it for the benefit of both Pakistan and the United States." Countering terrorism While American leaders are skeptical and critical of Pakistan's counterterrorism efforts, Russian leaders praise Islamabad for eliminating terrorism from Pakistani soil. "It [Pakistan] is a very, very important party, not only in the regional stability, the stability worldwide. It's our very valuable partner of tackling such challenges and threats as terrorism, illegal drug trafficking, etc. Our countries face similar challenges and threats to national security," said Russian ambassador Dedov, while speaking at a seminar in Islamabad. Russia is determined, he said, to give "practical assistance" to strengthen Pakistan's counterterrorism efforts. Russia and Pakistan both have openly expressed concerns over the emergence of Islamic State's Afghan branch, known as ISK-P, in "ungoverned spaces" of the war-shattered country. Former Pakistani army general Yasin Malik said Afghanistan remains at the center of growing cooperation with Russia. "This [Afghanistan] is a common denominator for both of us. And the presence of IS is a threat to both the Russian Federation and to Pakistan. Very serious efforts are there to jointly meet the challenge of IS in Afghanistan. I think that will be the hallmark of cooperation in security and military between Russia and Pakistan," Malik noted. Aiding the Taliban? There are also growing allegations that Moscow and Islamabad — under the pretext of fighting IS — are providing covert military support to the Taliban. Russia and Pakistan insist their ties with the Taliban are meant solely to encourage the insurgents to engage in peace talks with the Afghan government to help end the conflict and deter terrorists from using the country for international terrorism. Dedov noted that last month, the chief of Russia's external intelligence agency also visited Pakistan to participate in a four-nation meeting, with Chinese and Iranian spymasters in attendance. The rare meeting, officials said, focused on the buildup of IS in turmoil-hit Afghanistan. The Russian ambassador credited improved relations with Pakistan to regular exchanges of high-level civilian and military delegations between Pakistani and Russia. He noted that the volume of bilateral trade has increased by 82 percent in the first five months of 2018 and stood at $450 million. Moscow also is working to help Pakistan build an 1,100-kilometer gas pipeline linking Karachi to Lahore. Dedov, while delivering last week's lecture at the Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI), did not rule out nuclear cooperation with Pakistan for peaceful purposes, saying, "We do not see obstacles in this matter."
          Corona Constitution Class, Lesson 1, Historical Influences, Preamble      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Corona Constitution Class: Lesson 1

CARSTAR/AllStar Collision, 522 Railroad Street, Corona, CA
Tuesdays, 6-7 pm
 
Constitution Class Handout
Instructor: Douglas V. Gibbs
 
www.politicalpistachio.com
www.douglasvgibbs.com
www.constitutionassociation.com
 
 
 
Lesson 01
 
Historical Influences and the Preamble
 
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
 
            History
 
The formal version of the Magna Carta in England was issued on June 19, 1215. There was a minor change in the new document, when the final provision was drafted, replacing the term "any baron" with "any freeman" in stipulating to whom the provisions applied. The term would eventually include all Englishmen. The final version's applicability to all members of the English Society served as a starting point for the Constitution's Preamble, where "any freeman" was changed once again, but this time to the first three words of the American document: "We the People."
 
The English Colonists developed legal codes largely incorporating liberties guaranteed by the Magna Carta and the 1689 English Bill of Rights. Though the education levels of the colonists varied, and few could afford legal training in England, they were familiar with English common law. During one parliamentary debate in the late 18th century, Edmund Burke observed, "In no country, perhaps in the world, is law so general a study."
 
James Madison and Thomas Jefferson drew inspiration from the doctrines of the British constitution, or in what were called English liberties.
 
Unlike the Spanish Colonies, which were conquered land ruled over by the Spanish Conquistadors, and authoritarian governors, the English Colonies were granted by charter. Rather than bear the burden of empire, which, as Spain discovered, could be expensive, and taxing on a nation's armed forces, the English Crown offered the lands along the Atlantic Coast to investors, entrepreneurs, and families seeking a new start. In the northern colonies, the colonists sought religious freedom. The Pilgrims did not want to keep their membership in the Church of England. As separatists, the Pilgrims organized their worship independently, colonizing north of the Puritans at Plymouth Rock.
 
The English Colonies enjoyed autonomy that the Spanish Colonies did not. To survive in the Spanish Colonies, the colonist exhibited a warrior spirit, conquering the lands and the people who stood in the way, forcing the captured natives into slave labor and marriage for the purpose of accomplishing the tasks necessary for survival, while also being heavily dependent upon supplies from the homeland. The English Colonies were expected to survive by living off the land. They were families, indentured servants, and seekers of fortune. They were forced to be self-reliant, personally responsible, and hard working, in order to survive. The English Colonists did not attempt to conquer the natives as the Spanish did, but worked with them, making treaties with the Native Americans, because they needed the native population's help in order to survive. In the English Colonies, freedom was a necessary component of survival, and after failing under communitarianism, the colonists found that a free market system, where colonists kept more of what they worked for, and had the option to trade goods in an open market, worked best for the burgeoning society.
 
In English America, freemen adopted the best of the English system, while adapting it as necessary to the new circumstances in the colonies. The English Colonies was a place where a person could rise by merit, not by birth. The thirteen colonies was a place where men could voice their opinions and actively share in self-government. When the British Crown challenged these beliefs, turning to the colonies as a source of revenue to help alleviate the Crown's substantial debts, and the growing expense of keeping troops on American soil, the colonists questioned the government in Britain, challenging the actions of Parliament, arguing that without consent or direct representation in Parliament, the acts by the motherland were "taxation without representation," and an act of tyranny against the free Englishmen of the colonies.
 
The influence of the Magna Carta, and the demand for liberty, existed along the Atlantic Coast long before the War of Independence. As John Adams later wrote to Thomas Jefferson, "The Revolution was in the minds of the people, and this was effected, from 1760 to 1775, in the course of 15 years before a drop of blood was shed at Lexington."
 
The Americans knew their rights, and they were willing to fight for them. The seal adopted by Massachusetts on the eve of the Revolution summed up the mood. The image was of a militiaman with sword in one hand, and the Magna Carta in the other.
 
When it was time to form a new government, embodied in a written social contract we now know as the Constitution of the United States, the founders determined that like England under the Magna Carta, the government must be limited by subjecting it to the rule of law. The Constitution, once ratified by the States, became the law of the land. The document serves as a written standard where the authority emanates from the people, not from any governmental body. Pursuant to the Constitution, no man, not even the country's leader, was considered to be above the law. The rule of law based on the philosophy of the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God was the basis of constitutional thought in the United States in 1787.
 
"A government of laws, and not of men." - John Adams
 
Elder statesman Benjamin Franklin strolled across a grassy lawn from Independence Hall in Philadelphia, after the conclusion of the Federal Convention of 1787, when a woman in a bonnet approached him, asking, "Sir, what have you given us?"
 
"A republic," Dr. Franklin replied. "If you can keep it."
 
The new government in the fledgling United States was considered to be one that was doomed to fail. Europeans scoffed at the American experiment in self-government. The Old World argued that without the hand of a divinely appointed, wise, ruling monarch in place to guide society, a culture could not succeed. The Grand Experiment was a waste of time, and it would not be long before the rebellious, starving, treasonous, and petulant, English colonists came crawling back to the British Crown, begging to be readmitted to the empire.
 
In a society with no government, people have no freedom. In a society with too much government, people have no freedom.
 
Without government there is no law, and without law there are no enforcers of the law. This kind of system is called an anarchy, which is a transitional form of government. In an anarchy, there is no freedom because the citizens must constantly protect their property, and their lives.
 
With government in place, there are laws in place. When there are laws in place, it is necessary to hire enforcers of the law, such as a police force. A society with a government in place can create an environment of freedom that allows citizens the ability to leave their property and engage in activities away from their homes.
 
Tyranny through a unitary state dominates the pages of history. Tyrannical governments obtain their power through violence, and bloodshed in a complete disregard for authorities granted, justice, or the rule of law. To maintain their power, tyrants use violence and bloodshed. When tyrannies are finally toppled, the path to dislodging tyrannies normally includes violence and bloodshed.
 
Violence and death are the common results of powerful central governments with dominant rulers.
 
Dictators do not normally reveal their plans of tyranny during their rise to power, for the people would never have allowed them to become their leaders if they knew this kind of violence was in their future. Tyrannical leaders render legislative bodies irrelevant, demoting them to nothing more than a consultative assembly.
 
In history, tyranny is the rule, and liberty is the exception. Governments that protect the freedoms of the people, and respect the rights of their citizens, are a rare occurrence. Freedom requires the citizens to be informed and involved. With freedom comes responsibility.
 
An educated society begins by teaching the younger generations the principles of liberty, and to encourage them to be involved in civic activities, and local government. The founders understood we need government, but a limited government was required to secure the rights and property of the citizens. However, because of human nature, the founders realized that without making sure the people remained educated about the system they had established, a downward spiral into despotism and tyranny was inevitable.
 
The Declaration of Independence was approved by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, and outlined the reasons why the colonies were seeking independence from Great Britain. The founding document declares that it is the right of the people to alter or abolish their government should it become destructive. It also states these truths are self-evident, and that "all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
 
The document penned by Thomas Jefferson includes a list of grievances, most of which are also iterated in the U.S. Constitution. The Declaration calls for fair representation, encourages immigration, calls for a judiciary that is separated from the will of the central leadership, calls for a stop to the presence of a standing army, demands that Great Britain stop the quartering of troops in the houses of the citizens, demands fair trials, and calls for due process, free trade, fair taxation, a protection of rights, and for the Crown to hear the redress of grievances by the colonists.
 
A key aspect of the Declaration of Independence reveals itself in the final sentence of the document. The call for independence ends with the incredible statement, "And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor."
 
Political Spectrum
 
In the battle of Left versus Right, it is important to understand what it all means in the first place. Like-minded individuals naturally tend to gather together when a theater of opinion erupts. Congregating in such a manner, creating political parties, is a part of our human nature. Houses, or chambers, of government are no different. Members of the political assembly who support similar agendas sit together, much in the way social allies tend to hang out together at a dinner party. The classification of "left" and "right" grew out of the tendency of people to group together on one side, or the other.
 
The early definition of "left" and "right" was different than in today's American Society. Among the most commonly known split between the left and the right in a political assembly occurred in France before the French Revolution. Members of the National Assembly sat on the right or the left of the hall depending on their level of political support in regards to the ruling monarchy. Those in support of the monarchy, and the religious elements that came with the reigning government, would sit on the right. The people on the right were defined as being those holding traditional interests in line with the Church and the monarchy, believing the king ruled by divine right, and that Catholicism must continue to be the state religion, and therefore continue to be a strong influence on governance. The people who sat on the right side of the assembly believed that the Church had a vested interest in the political system, and sought to preserve that system.
 
Those who sat on the left side of the hall in France during the period preceding the French Revolution did so in support of "enlightenment," which was considered to be in the interests of rationalism and secularism. The left used secular elements to challenge the Church's long-held influence over government, fostering nationalism among its allies, and promoting hope in constructing and shaping the political community. The left desired to change government by overthrowing the Church and the aristocracy by promoting secularism and nationalism. The planners of this glorious new "Enlightened" government became the leaders of France after the French Revolution, orchestrating a Reign of Terror, which was a period of chaos during which thousands were guillotined for being politically incorrect.
 
The radicals within this new government saw the Catholic Church as the enemy while promoting its Cult of Reason. Like with the monarchy before them, however, it became clear that to control the political and social upheaval, the government in place must also become tyrannical in their own right. Under the rule of statism, France remained a nation unable to cultivate liberty, and one that remained under the iron fist of a dictatorial government. For many, this was no surprise. Some of the planners of the change of the form of government in France knew that in order to keep order they would need to "treat the people as cattle."
 
The French National Assembly established a constitutional monarchy and adopted a new constitution in 1791 that created a Legislative Assembly. The political assembly, as with any other political body, rapidly divided into factions opposing each other. The three factions that formed in the new French Legislative Assembly were the radicals (liberals), moderates (centrists) and conservatives. The radicals (liberals) sat in the left section of the assembly hall, the conservatives sat on the right, and the moderates sat in the center section. Their political identities have some similarities to political movements today in the United States, and had little in common with the pre-revolution arrangement that emphasized itself more on monarchy and religion.
 
America is much younger than the European nations, and never had a landlord class of titled nobles. In fact, the Constitution specifically prohibits such a system. The Founding Fathers desired to break away from European traditions as much as possible, even abandoning much of British Common Law when defining citizenship. To be a British Subject the rules were weak, and divided loyalties ran rampant throughout the British Empire. The United States as a nation could not tolerate divided loyalties, and placed a stronger standard of natural born citizenship upon the President in order to eliminate the opportunity for the executor of the American Form of Government to harbor divided loyalties between the United States of America, and any other nation. That way, the new American government could break completely free of any European influence, and forge itself into a Republic independent from British influence, and in fact, the authoritarian nature of Europe as a whole.
 
The political landscape of the United States of America, since there never was a class of nobles, was simple in the young nation. Either you were a Federalist, an anti-Federalist, or somewhere in between. In other words, you believed in a stronger centralized federal government, you believed that the federal role in government should be limited greatly, or you found yourself somewhere between the two political beliefs.
 
Unlike the Europeans, royalty and religion played no role in determining the nature of American political philosophies. Nearly all of the early American Politicians were deeply religious men, but the political spectrum did not separate factions along religious lines. God played a major role in the principle foundation of the nation, but the founding fathers also determined that no religion could ever take an official role in government. In other words, the establishment of any religion as the official religion of the United States was forbidden. However, the freedom to practice one's religion was not to be infringed upon. Almost all of the signers of the Declaration of Independence were either clergy, or highly involved in their church. 27 of the 56 signers had Christian seminary degrees. The founding fathers fervently prayed in Congress.
 
Benjamin Franklin is widely regarded to be among the least religious of the founding fathers. However, his speech given to Congress on June 28, 1787 asking that Congress have a prayer every morning before conducting business was overtly religious in nature. Despite modern assumptions, there was not a political battle between The Church and the secularists during the founding of the United States of America.
 
From the newer models of government in France, and America, the definition of the Political Spectrum changed, becoming more about the level of control of government over a society, rather than the presence of a monarchy, or established church. Zero percent of government intrusion on the lives of the people inhabits the far right of the current political spectrum, which is a condition known as anarchy. 100% governmental control inhabits the far left extremity of the Political Spectrum, or a totalitarian government. The American form of government, or a Constitutional Republic that operates under the rule of law, is at the center of the political spectrum.
 
Most of the current forms of government present in today's international political arena reside on the left side of the Political Spectrum, drawing their foundations from socialist principles. Socialism is authoritarian. Socialism claims to seek to overthrow the Church and aristocracy by promoting atheism and nationalism, much like the enlightened planners of the French Revolution, only replacing the government they thought to be a tyranny with a tyranny of their own. In Russia, the rise of socialism held the basic tenet of replacing the individual's commitment to God with a commitment to love and serve a collective society ruled by an elite few.
 
When one examines the communist society, which resides on the left side of the Political Spectrum, one finds that if society was ruled over by an equally powerful religious theocracy, the basic governmental elements of the ruling doctrine are the same, and just as tyrannical. Therefore, a controlling government based on religion is no different than an atheistic system of communism. Either way, the form of governance is based on a centralized control over the people, and limits on personal individualism, and freedoms.
 
Economically, leftism encourages increased government involvement with the instruments that regulate the economy. Under a leftist economic system, such as in the communist model, the government seizes control of the industries, eliminating private ownership. In the fascist model, however, the authoritarian political entity engages in corporatism, allowing the private enterprises to remain private, yet bundled together in a uniting strength under authoritarian government rule. Because fascism (from Italian fascismo, Benito Mussolini's authoritarian political movement in Italy 1922 to 1943) was created to be an adverse reaction to the apparent economic failure of Marxism, and labeled itself as the opposite of communism, fascism is often referred to as being right-wing, and ultra-conservative. If you break down the political structure of fascism, however, it becomes apparent that defining fascism as being on the right side of the political spectrum is problematic. Like socialism, fascism exalts the group above the individual (in fascist states often the nation or race is exalted above the identity of the individual). Like other leftist systems, fascism also calls for a separation of church and state, a national civilian army, and progressive taxation. One element of fascism some may argue as being right-wing is the fact that fascism seeks to eliminate labor unions for co-ops. But the co-operatives, in a fascist state, are controlled by the government, and therefore become more leftist than the system before. Though fascism, during the early twentieth century, claimed to be anti-communist, the National Socialism aspect of the ideology places fascism on the left side of the Political Spectrum.
 
Ultimately, the true definition of the Political Spectrum is dependent upon how government interacts with society. Increased government intrusion moves needle on the spectrum to the left. Increasing limitations on government intrusion moves the needle to the right. In both cases, the extreme of totalitarianism, or anarchy, are equally dangerous. Ultimately, most forms of government, despite the promise of fairness, are often only precursors to another form of government. The Founding Fathers realized this, recognizing that the only form of government that both limits the powers of the federal government, while still giving it adequate authority to protect and preserve State Sovereignty, is a Constitutional Republic. They knew that if you pursue leftism too far, an authoritarian government would rise from the movement. If government was limited too much, and the government did not have enough power to enforce law, an authoritarian government would also rise to fill the void.
 
            The Preamble
 
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
 
The Preamble is the introduction of the U.S. Constitution. The opening paragraph of the founding document holds no legal authority. The Preamble serves to establish who is granting the authority to create a new federal government, and the reasons for the decision. We The People of the United States are the grantors. In other words, the States, which were the embodiment of the people, were creating the federal government, and granting authorities to it so that it may function in a manner necessary to protect, promote, and preserve the union of States. The concept became known as federalism.
 
The Preamble is designed much like a permission form the doctor's office may present to you to sign, giving the doctor the authority to perform necessary procedures on your body in order to make you well. The form begins with your name (I, patient's name), and then limits the doctor to only the procedures necessary to make you well. The doctor, if he or she believes additional procedures may be necessary, must ask for your permission before performing the additional procedures that are not granted by your original agreement with them.
 
Like the form in the doctor's office, the Preamble begins with who is granting the authorities. "We the People of the United States" are the grantors of the authorities given to the new federal government. The people, through their States, allow the federal government to exist, and to perform the procedures expressly granted in the United States Constitution.
 
If a homeowner hires a contractor to add a room to their house, a contract is created between the homeowner, and the company hired to do the work. The contract establishes the granted authorities to the construction company regarding the room addition, listing the materials and labor necessary and proper to carry out that task. If, later, after the work begins, the homeowner observes the workers tending to the garden, and mowing the lawn, the homeowner would be angry because lawn maintenance was not among the authorities granted to the contractor hired to provide the service of adding a room to the house. In the same way, through the Constitution, the federal government has been granted a list of authorities that are necessary and proper for it to carry out the tasks vested in it. The tasks directly relate to protecting and preserving the union, while also respecting and promoting State Sovereignty. The federal government's authorities encompass only the external issues necessary to protect the union, and the sovereignty of the States. Internal issues are not granted to the federal government. Local issues are reserved to the local governments, such as the States, counties, and cities.
 
The first three words of the Preamble, "We the People," often lead people to believe that we are a democracy. Taken in context, the first part of the Preamble is not only "We the People," but "We the People of the United States." In the context of original intent, "the people of these States that are united have come together to establish this contract for the following reasons."
 
The words "United States" appear often in the U.S. Constitution. When those words appear in the text of the Constitution, they mean one of two things. Either, "United States" is a reference to the new federal government, or United States means "these states that are united." In the case of the Preamble, both definitions are used. As we notice the first time united States appears in the Declaration of Independence, "united" is not capitalized. Failing to capitalize "united" in the Declaration of Independence was a reflection of the common opinion of the people of that era. America was not a nationalistic country dominated by a powerful government, but a union of States that are sovereign, autonomous, and individual - like the people. We the People are the individual parts of their States, and the States are individual parts of the union.
Early Americans saw the United States in the plural, rather than as a singular nationalistic entity. The people were citizens of their States first, but realized that the States must be united to survive. The individual States would only be safe if they all worked together as a united country. To ensure the union was protected they proposed forming a central government through a social contract called the United States Constitution. This contract to grant limited authorities to a federal government was designed to ensure that the federal government remained limited so as to not infringe on the individual rights of the sovereign States, and the people who resided in those States.
 
A limited government is the essence of liberty.
 
The reasons listed in the Preamble for forming a new government were "In Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity." In line with classical writing standards, these reasons were listed in order of importance.
 
The most important reason for the formation of the federal government, the main purpose for the creation of the U.S. Constitution, was "in Order to form a more perfect Union." A union already existed under the Articles of Confederation. A confederation, however, is a weak form of government where nearly all of the power remains with the individual members. A confederation is an association of sovereign member states that, by treaty, or other agreement, have delegated some of their powers to a common institution in order to coordinate policies, without constituting a new state on top of the member states. The government under the Articles of Confederation was formed hastily during the Revolutionary War, and as revealed by Shays' Rebellion, proved to be too weak to protect the union not only from threats beyond our shores, but insurrection from within the country. The founders realized that they needed to form a more perfect union, one with more authorities, while still remaining fairly limited in its power and scope. The realization that the Articles of Confederation were too weak, and either needed to be fixed, or replaced, was first discussed in delegation during the Annapolis Convention in 1786. During that meeting, the attending State delegates decided to meet again in May of 1787 in a convention of all States, which became the Federal Convention of 1787.
 
Under the Articles of Confederation, the central government was as weak as a lamb. What America needed was a central government with the strength of a lion. The problem with lions, however, is that they can kill you if not restrained. So, the Founding Fathers had to figure out a way to create a lion strong enough to deal with the external issues, and conflict between the States, while restraining that lion in such a way that the people living under it were safe from its potential tyranny. The lion is the federal government, and the chains and restraints of a set standard that protects We the People from that lion is the United States Constitution.
 
In the Constitution, the authorities granted to the federal government are limited to protecting, preserving, or promoting the union. The federal government, through the express powers granted in the Constitution, was granted authorities including, but not limited to, maintaining an army and navy in order to protect the union, to collect taxes in order to pay for that military and the other necessary functions created for the purpose of preserving the union, to regulate commerce by acting as a mediator between the States so that the flow of commerce flows regularly and in good order so as to encourage a growing economy for the union, establish a uniform rule of naturalization for the purpose of ensuring the union grows through legal immigration, and to establish post offices so that the many parts of the union may remain in contact with each other. The federal government was created for the sake of the issues related to the union. The federal government was not created to manage local issues that have nothing to do with the union, and everything to do with the unique cultures and societal needs of the local communities.
 
The second reason listed in The Preamble for the creation of the federal government through the ratification of the U.S. Constitution were to "establish Justice." Note that the word "establish" is normally used in situations where whatever is being established never previously existed. The word "establish" being used in the Preamble, then, leads us to believe that there was no justice prior to the writing of the founding document. However, justice systems already existed in each of the States, through State court systems. Therefore, the U.S. Constitution was not written to establish justice in the States, but to establish justice at the federal level where a judicial system had not previously existed. The language used in the Constitution, in this case, provides us with a clue that the original intent of the Founding Fathers was for the Constitution to apply only to the federal government, unless it specifically states otherwise.
 
Though "establish Justice" is listed second in the list of reasons for creating the federal government, we must not confuse "importance" with "power." To establish justice was a very important reason for creating a federal government, but the federal court system, for fear of it becoming a powerful judicial oligarchy, was also greatly limited. During the debates of the Constitutional Convention in 1787, there was actually a consideration to not establish a federal court system. The delegates realized that tyranny easily flows through an activist judiciary. The rule of law could be easily compromised by a judicial branch not willing to abide by the original intent of the U.S. Constitution, or poisoned by political ideology. For this reason, the powers of the judicial branch are greatly limited by the Constitution. We will go into more detail regarding those limitations when we get to Article III, and the 11th Amendment.
 
The first two reasons for the writing of the U.S. Constitution, according to the Preamble, were to form a more perfect union through the formation of a federal government, and to establish justice by creating a federal judicial system. Those primary goals reveal to us that the Constitution was not written to grant powers to the States, but for the purpose of creating, yet limiting, a newly formed federal government, which was designed to serve the States by protecting them, and preserving the union they enjoyed. Before the States delegated some of their own powers to the federal government through the Constitution, all of those powers belonged to the States - a political condition known as Original Authority. The States, however, only granted "some" of their powers to the federal government, retaining most of the powers for themselves.
 
The U.S. Constitution, and all language within the document, is directed to the federal government, not to the States, unless specifically indicated otherwise. This is because the States essentially "hired" the federal government to protect and preserve the union. The contract that authorizes the federal government to exist and receive the authorities from the States is the U.S. Constitution. Therefore, it would not be reasonable to assume that the provisions of the Constitution are to be applied to the States as much as it would not be logical to believe that an agreement between you and your doctor tells you what you can and can't do regarding the procedures that are about to be performed on you. The agreement with the doctor is specifically designed to tell the doctor what procedures are allowed, just as the Constitution is specifically designed to tell the federal government what authorities it is allowed to have in order to protect, preserve, and promote the union. In that contract with the doctor there may be instructions that tell you what not to do so as to not undermine healing, such as submersing oneself in water before a wound is fully healed. The same is true in the Constitution. There is a section, Article I, Section 10, that tells the States what they are prohibited from doing. These prohibitions were necessary to ensure the States did not interfere with federal functions.
 
Since it is We The People of the United States who granted the federal government its powers, that means it is the people's responsibility, through the States, responsibility to ensure the federal government acts in a constitutional manner. The Constitution is nothing more than ink and paper if we don't fight for it.
 
The union, at the time of the writing of the Constitution, was fragile. The States, as colonies, or as individual states shortly after the American Revolution, did not always coexist in a mutually beneficial manner. The States enjoyed their own unique cultures, religions, and laws. The States clashed over territory, commerce, and a variety of other issues that often included disputed legal issues and definitions. The States were much like siblings, fighting over everything under the sun; but when it came down to brass tacks, they were united when it came to defending each other.
 
The bickering between the States created an atmosphere that placed the cohesion of the union at risk. Therefore, when it came to creating a more perfect union, it was understood by the framers that the federal government would have to "insure domestic Tranquility" and to "promote the general Welfare."
 
The federal government was expected to ensure there was tranquility between the States by acting as a mediator in disputes. Part of that task by the federal government was to also promote the general welfare of the republic. In other words, the federal government was tasked with making sure the squabbles were properly resolved, while also protecting the union, so that the welfare of the union would not be in jeopardy.
 
The term general Welfare, as it is presented in the Preamble, is capitalized in a curious manner. Welfare is capitalized, but the word "general" is not. Capitalization in the Constitution was often used for the purpose of emphasis. With that tendency as our guide, we recognize that "Welfare" was the key component when these two words were presented in the Preamble. The Founding Fathers were seeking "Welfare" with a capital "W." The founders tasked the federal government with the duty of ensuring there was Welfare in the nation in a general manner. Or, you could say that they wanted the atmosphere in general to be one of "Welfare," or "all's well," hence, the reason general is not capitalized, and Welfare is, in the Preamble.
 
Tucked between "insure domestic Tranquility" and "promote the general Welfare" is the phrase: "provide for the common defence." The placement of this phrase in The Preamble reveals that providing for the common defense was almost as important as ensuring peaceful cooperation between the States, and slightly more important than promoting the general Welfare of the republic (and a necessary part of ensuring the general Welfare).
 
The need to provide for the common defense, one may note, was not listed first in The Preamble as one of the reasons for the creation of the federal government. The Founding Fathers, though they recognized the importance of the federal government to field a military force, as realized from the failure of the government to put down insurrection during Shays' Rebellion under the Articles of Confederation, did not list the need to provide for the common defense at the beginning of the Preamble because a country that places too much importance on a military is doomed to become a police state. Defending this nation was not placed at the bottom of the list of reasons for the writing of the Constitution, either, because a nation that refuses to defend itself ultimately becomes a conquered entity that is subject to the authority of a foreign government. Despite the fear of a powerful military that could be used against the people and the States, providing for the common defense was still indeed one of the primary reasons for creating the federal government in the first place. That is why "provide for the common defence" is listed in the Preamble within the central depths of the body of the paragraph.
 
The final reason for the writing of the Constitution was to "secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity." The presence of the word "Blessings" reminds us that the Founding Father's grateful spirit recognized that the result of the American Revolution, and the inspiration for the new federal government, could have only come from the favors of Divine Providence. Liberty, remember, is one of the unalienable rights listed in the Declaration of Independence that has been given to us by The Creator. In fact, that is one of the foundational beliefs of the original intent behind the creation of the federal government. Our rights are granted to us by God, not by government, for if our rights are granted to us by government, government would then be able to take those rights away. This idea of God-granted rights is based on a concept called Natural Law penned by John Locke during the 1600s. In the Declaration of Independence, it is referred to as, "Laws of Nature and of Nature's God." Natural Law is the unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct, which is observable law we participate in as related to our natural existence.
 
The U.S. Constitution was not solely written only to protect our natural rights, liberty, and property. Protecting our rights, liberty, and property are among the chief reasons the Constitution was written in the manner that it was, and protecting those natural rights are predictable byproducts when the Constitution is being followed by the government, but those are not the only reasons for the perceived need to compose the founding document, or for the creation of the federal government.
 
As indicated in the Preamble, the primary reason for the Constitution was "in Order to form a more perfect Union." However, the very formation of that union, and devising a governmental system to protect, preserve and promote that union, was not exclusively for the sake of the union, either. The ultimately desire was to protect the sovereignty of each component of that union - The States. The framers understood that by creating a federal government, the potential for the governmental system to become a tyranny was unleashed. Therefore, in order to protect the rights, liberty and property of the people (more specifically to "secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity"), the federal government needed to be limited in its authorities by the rule of law. The law of the land in which the governmental system is limited to, in the case of the United States, is the U.S. Constitution, for the sake of protecting the individuality of the States, and We the People.
 
Terms:
 
Confederation: A confederation is an association of sovereign member states that, by treaty or other agreement, have delegated some of their powers to a common institution in order to coordinate policies, without constituting a new state on top of the member states.
 
English Bill of Rights: The Declaration of Rights in 1689, following the relatively bloodless "Glorious Revolution" of 1688, reasserting Protestant influence in England, and establishing a written declaration based on the belief that rights are granted by God, limiting the power of the king, and guaranteeing individual rights in writing. At its core, the system of government based on the English Bill of Rights, and the Magna Carta, holds as its philosophy that government is to serve the people, not the other way around.
 
Federalism: Government in which the central government's power and authority is limited by local government units, and where each unit is delegated a sphere of power and authority only it can exercise, while other powers must be shared. The term federalism comes from the Latin root foedus, which means "formal agreement or covenant." It includes the interrelationships between the states as well as between the states and the federal government.
 
Magna Carta: The "Great Charter" of English Liberties, forced from King John by the English barons at Runnymede, June 15, 1215. A fundamental constitution, or law guaranteeing rights.
 
Unalienable Rights: Incapable of being alienated, that is, sold and transferred. You can not surrender, sell or transfer unalienable rights, they are a gift from the Creator to the individual and can not under any circumstances be surrendered or taken. All individual's have unalienable rights.
 
 
 
Questions for Discussion:
 
1. How might the United States be different if the Magna Carta, or the Glorious Revolution, had never taken place?
 
2. Many of us were taught to memorize the Preamble in school, others remember it because of the School House Rock cartoon on Saturday mornings, but growing up how many times were we taught what it means?
 
3. Federalism, or the belief in a central government limited by the authorities granted to it in the Constitution, began as a wonderful idea. The members of the "Federalist Party," however, were not satisfied, and desired the federal government to have more authorities than it was granted. Why do you think this is true?
 
4. Why did the Founding Fathers only desire the federal government to be granted powers that regarded the union, and not authorities in regards to other issues?
 
4. The judicial branch was supposed to be the weakest of the three branches. Why do you think the Founding Fathers wanted to limit the judiciary to such an extent?
 
5. One of the founding principles is that our unalienable rights are given to us by the Creator. Is it a coincidence that historically most authoritarian governments that sought to take away the rights of the individual did it either by taking control of the church, or by rejecting religion/the existence of God?
 
6. At what point does a government take "provide for the common defense" too far?
 
Resources:
 
James L. Roark, Michael P. Johnson, Patricia Cline Cohen, Sarah Stage, Alan Lawson, and Susan M. Hartmann, The American Promise: A History of the United States; Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's (2009).
 
James Madison, Federalist No. 41: General View of the Powers Conferred by The Constitution, http://www.constitution.org/fed/federa41.htm
 
John L. Hancock, Liberty Inherited: The Untold Story of America's Exceptionalism; Charleston: Liberty Lane Media (2011)
 
Joseph Andrews, A Guide for Learning and Teaching The Declaration of Independence and The U.S. Constitution - Learning from the Original Texts Using Classical Learning Methods of the Founders; San Marcos: The Center for Teaching the Constitution (2010).
 
Larry Schweikart and Michael Allen, A Patriot's History of the United States; New York: Sentinel (2004).
 
Madison's Notes on the Constitutional Convention, Avalon Project, Yale University: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/debcont.asp
 
Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, The Founder's Constitution - Volume Two - Preamble through Article I, Section 8, Clause 4; Indianapolis: Liberty Fund (1987).
 
 
Copyright 2014 Douglas V. Gibbs

          Joel Bolomboy To Play In Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Former Jazz and Bucks power forward Joel Bolomboy is headed to Russia for the upcoming season, having signed a three-year contract with EuroLeague powerhouse CSKA Moscow, per a press release. It will be the first time that the Ukranian-born big man has played professionally overseas. “I’m very excited to join CSKA,” Bolomboy said in a […]
          lj_keleg: Война 8.8.8      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Доклад комиссии ЕС на сайте BBC: "Войну начала Грузия"
https://www.bbc.com/russian/international/2009/09/090930_eu_georgia_report

https://keleg.livejournal.com/642012.html


          PES 2017 Bruun Larsen (Borussia Dortmund) Face      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

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          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department issued a formal determination that Moscow violated international law by poisoning Sergei and Yulia Skripal.
          US to impose sanctions on Russia over Skripal nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain has accused Russia of being behind the attack, which the Kremlin vehemently denies.
          Trump administration to impose new sanctions on Russia for attempted assassination of ex-Russian spy - USA TODAY      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

USA TODAY

Trump administration to impose new sanctions on Russia for attempted assassination of ex-Russian spy
USA TODAY
WASHINGTON – Under pressure from Congress, the Trump administration said Wednesday it would impose new sanctions on Russia for its involvement in the attempted assassination of Sergei Skripal, a former Russian spy, and his daughter Yulia Skripal.
Skripal attack: US to sanction Russia over Novichok useBBC News
US to Issue New Sanctions Against Russia Over Spy PoisoningNew York Times
US to impose sanctions on Russia over attack on SkripalsABC News
Express.co.uk -Daily Star -Vox -Xinhua
all 642 news articles »

          Навигацию для слепых и биометрическую идентификацию представят на Geek Picnic в Москве      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Новые способы визуализации информации и биометрической идентификации представят участники Аллеи стартапов научно-популярного фестиваля Geek Picnic в московском парке «Коломенское» 11-12 августа
          We Are Paying For The Russian Invasion Of Georgia Ten Years Ago: I Was There - Forbes      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Forbes

We Are Paying For The Russian Invasion Of Georgia Ten Years Ago: I Was There
Forbes
Ten years ago almost to the day, in a tin-can of a car with two impromptu pals, I found myself bouncing along a rutted muddy track across tilled earth toward Russian lines. The Kremlin had just invaded Georgia. They occupied the town of Gori, Stalin's ...
Is Russia eyeing up Georgia again?The Week UK
Georgia joining NATO would spark 'horrible conflict,' Russian official warnsWashington Times
How a Five-Day War With Georgia Allowed Russia to Reassert Its Military MightHistory
OC Media -TASS -Washington Post -Reuters
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          Археологи ИА РАН нашли в Суздальском Ополье свинцовую печать XII века      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Эта находка стала сенсацией с точки зрения изучения истории северо-восточной Руси
          Студенты ДГТУ разработали модель кисти, позволяющую существенно ускорить производство биомехатронных протезов      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Протез, разработанный в вузе Ростовской области, многофункциональный: каждый палец управляется по отдельности, кисть способна удерживать объекты различной формы и воспроизводить жесты
          In Africa, Mystery Murders Put Spotlight on Kremlin's Reach - New York Times      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

New York Times

In Africa, Mystery Murders Put Spotlight on Kremlin's Reach
New York Times
MOSCOW — The three Russian journalists ventured into the violent and rebel-plagued Central African Republic as part of a daring investigation into the Kremlin's use of mercenaries to project power into Africa, Syria and other distant lands. Three days ...

and more »

          Carl Ikeme reveals his wife’s reaction when he informed her he has cancer      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Former Super Eagles keeper, Carl Ikeme , who was diagnosed with acute Leukemia a year ago and had to miss the FIFA 2018 World Cup in Russia, has told of his wife’s reaction after he informed her of his diagnosis. Ikeme, who is now in remission, said his wife, Saba, was nine months pregnant at […]

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          pyirbis added to PyPI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Framework for client development for popular russian library computer system IRBIS64
          U.S. imposes sanctions on Russia for nerve agent attack in UK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Washington said on Wednesday it would impose fresh sanctions on Russia by the end of August after it determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain.

          Senator Paul delivers letter from Trump to Putin's government      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Republican U.S. Senator Rand Paul said on Wednesday he delivered a letter from President Donald Trump to Russian President Vladimir Putin's government, but the senator and the White House offered different characterizations of the message.

          Comment on Open Thread, Aug 7, 2018 by Hickory      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Some people think that since coal has declined in USA over the past 10 years (since fracking), it must be so everywhere. But the USA has been very fortunate to have very much Nat Gas which has replaced coal for electricity production, with lesser contribution by very strong wind and solar resource in the USA. Many other countries who use coal don't have the luxury of such easy/inexpensive replacement. Of the top ten coal consuming countries, only two have plentiful alternatives- USA and Russia (Russia could use Nat gas if they had too). That leaves China, India, Germany, Japan, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey and Poland. Many of these countries are in extremely poor shape when it comes to energy security. For example, %net imports of energy consumption as of 2015 is Germany 64%, Japan 95%, S. Korea 87%, India 36%, Turkey 81%. Don't expect these countries to miraculously do without coal anytime soon. https://yearbook.enerdata.net/coal-lignite/coal-world-consumption-data.html you can click on the map to see a particular country graph- try India
          Britain welcomes U.S. sanctions for Russia over Skripal poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain on Wednesday welcomed Washington's decision to impose fresh sanctions on Russia after the United States determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian double agent and his daughter in Britain.

          U.S. orders new sanctions against Russia over chemical attack in Britain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The U.S. on Wednesday cleared the way for a new round of sanctions against Russia after the State Department formally concluded that Moscow violated the international ban on chemical weapons with a nerve agent attack earlier this year against a former Soviet spy and his daughter.

That determination...


          U.S. to impose sanctions on Russia over nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States will impose sanctions on Russia for its use of a nerve agent in an attempt to kill a former Russian spy and his daughter in Britain.

The State Department says Wednesday the sanctions will be imposed on Russia because it used a chemical weapon ...

          Мнения: Мы обанкротили одну из самых агрессивных доктрин США      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
В первые годы после завершения так называемой Пятидневной войны у многих отечественных публицистов и экспертов-международников – да и у простых людей – сложилось впечатление, что, одержав праведную победу, Россия так и не смогла, как говорят в политологических кругах, ее капитализировать на международной арене.

В первые годы после завершения так называемой Пятидневной войны у многих отечественных публицистов и экспертов-международников – да и у простых людей – сложилось впечатление, что, одержав праведную победу, Россия так и не смогла, как говорят в политологических кругах, ее капитализировать на международной арене.

Не смогла сделать ее символом институциональных, неотменяемых перемен не только на постсоветском пространстве, но и в мире в целом. Тогда казалось, что нервные крики Саакашвили в прямом эфире американского телевидения «The bear is back!» (медведь вернулся) куда лучше описывали картину коренного перелома, нежели сообщения нашего Генштаба или МИДа, не говоря уже о новостных сюжетах на ЦТВ…

В 2008, 2009 и 2010 годах эксперты продолжали говорить, что Россия, мол, проиграла информационную войну. В международном медийном пространстве нас выставили агрессорами, которые, навалившись всей массой своих уцелевших с советских времен танков и боевых самолетов, чуть было не задушили – как там говорят до сих пор? – молодую европейскую демократию.

И это несмотря на то, что в сентябре 2009-го специальная группа Совета Европы официально подтвердила, что конфликт начала Грузия. Причем формулировка была весьма жесткой – начала «неправедную войну».

Да, в соответствующем отчете говорилось, что «оправданный» ответ России оказался «непропорциональным». Но вина за развязывание конфликта была возложена именно на Тбилиси.

Однако что-то во всем этом было не так. Москву продолжали упрекать в «агрессивных намерениях» и «имперских амбициях». Никто в западном истеблишменте не собирался признавать правоту России.

И это порождало чувство несправедливости. Ну как же так! Мы же защищали невинных жителей Южной Осетии, граждан России и военнослужащих-миротворцев! Как это может быть сброшено со счетов?

Что ж, возможно, в этом и была основная причина проигрыша той самой информационной войны. Наши основные СМИ слишком много уделяли внимания трагедии югоосетинского народа (которая, несомненно, была ужасной) и слишком мало – геополитическим последствиям применения военной силы на постсоветском пространстве. Говоря шире – на пространстве, непосредственно примыкающем к нашим границам.

Между тем на Западе эти последствия были оценены по достоинству. Пока кандидат в президенты от Республиканской партии Джон Маккейн повторял свою жалкую мантру «Сегодня мы все грузины», а телеканал CNN выдавал в эфир «страшные кадры русской агрессии», солидные американские мозговые центры уже вынесли свой приговор тем, кто подтолкнул Саакашвили к агрессии. Агрессии, которая – в результате решительных ответных действий России – изменила расклад сил в Евразии.

12 августа 2008 года (в тот самый день, когда в Москве подписывался план Медведева–Саркози) на сайте главной стратегической консалтинговой компании США Stratfor была опубликована статья ее тогдашнего руководителя Джорджа Фридмана под названием «Российско-грузинская война и баланс сил».

На мой взгляд, анализ Фридмана следовало бы включить в учебники всех российских вузов, которые имеют отношение к политологии и – тем более – к международным отношениям.

Глава Stratfor ни строчки не посвятил жертвам войны 08.08.08. Наверное, его можно за это морально осудить, как и любого беспристрастного аналитика, который – в отличие от Международного красного креста, врачей без границ и т.п. – в силу своей профессии, вынужден оценивать происходящие в мире события с точки зрения холодного геополитического расчета.

Никого – ни в 2008-м, ни после – не трогали слезы осетин и русских. Увы, это так. В медийном пространстве принимаются во внимание только «правильные» слезы «правильных» жертв.

Зато в головах вашингтонских стратегов произошел настоящий переворот.

Вот что писал тогда Фридман: «Российское вторжение в Грузию не изменило баланс сил в Евразии. Оно лишь продемонстрировало, что этот баланс сместился… Москве совершенно незачем было беспокоиться о реакции США или Европы. Баланс сил изменился в пользу России, и ей лишь нужно было выбрать дату, чтобы заявить об этом публично. Она сделала это 8 августа».

Напомню, эти слова были опубликованы в открытом доступе 12 августа 2008 года. Джордж Фридман справедливо указал на то, что бесконтрольное расширение НАТО на восток рано или поздно должно было встретиться с противодействием России.

Автор также говорил о стратегической «загадке» – каким образом было принято решение о начале грузинской военной кампании в непризнанной на тот момент республике. Он однозначно заявил (и западное экспертное сообщество по умолчанию приняло его тезис, правда, не публично), что Тбилиси не мог начать войну без одобрения из Вашингтона.

Но разве у Соединенных Штатов не было разведданных, что вооруженные силы России были готовы к возможной агрессии Грузии? Только ленивый тогда не знал, что 58-я армия, 76-я дивизия ВДВ, бомбардировочная и штурмовая авиация, Черноморский флот и прочие подразделения с апреля готовились к операции, которую позже назовут «принуждением к миру».

Да, десять лет назад это были совсем другие вооруженные силы. Но все-таки, как пишет Фридман (а доклады Stratfor регулярно доставлялись в Белый дом), русская армия тогда уже начала не только преодолевать тяжелое наследие 1990-х, но и становиться армией XXI века.

Перекрыть Рокский туннель, соединяющий две Осетии, в течение одних суток и таким образом воспрепятствовать вмешательству России в конфликт, было задачей невыполнимой. Но даже если бы это произошло, Грузия все равно не избежала бы поражения – просто чуть позже.

Детали того, как развивалась – или развивалась бы – та война, я оставлю военным экспертам. Важно, что американские аналитики уже в августе 2008-го считали осетинскую операцию Тбилиси чистым безумием.

И, кстати, считали совершенно нереалистичным предположение, что США или НАТО вмешаются в пятидневную войну на стороне Грузии.

Получается какая-то игра в поддавки с Россией…

В связи с этим в Соединенных Штатах тогда возникло несколько конспирологических версий относительно того, почему Вашингтон не только не остановил Саакашвили, но и всячески поддержал его в августовской авантюре.

Британское издание The Telegraph писало в те дни о расколе в совете по нацбезопасности США, а также о том, что ЦРУ снабжало Тбилиси заведомо неверной разведывательной информацией.

Практически все американские мейнстримные СМИ тогда обрушились с критикой на Джорджа Буша-младшего за его «нерешительность». На короткое время возник даже культ личности вице-президента Дика Чейни. Мол, вот если бы он был во главе страны, тогда бы точно Америка вступилась за Грузию…

Но Чейни, хоть и пообещал, что «Москва ответит», публично заявил о том, что военное вмешательство США «даже не рассматривалось». Да и Джон Маккейн – этот «грузин» 2008-го – дальше заявлений о солидарности с Тбилиси не пошел. От него не прозвучало ни одного призыва к Белому дому или Капитолию начать какую-нибудь «Бурю на Кавказе».

Так что если кто в Соединенных Штатах и делал ставку на «восстановление территориальной целостности» Грузии (дабы она могла быть принята в НАТО), то он явно рассчитывал на то, что «Россия не посмеет» применить силу.

Но Россия все-таки «посмела», и эта ставка была бита. Более того, чем громче Москве угрожали из Вашингтона, тем нелепее становилась ситуация.

Всем прозападным режимам на постсоветском пространстве и в Восточной Европе стало понятно: воинственная риторика США и НАТО ничего не значит, когда дело касается территорий, максимально приближенных к границам России.

И это всё меняло.

Возможно, именно тогда возникла в прибалтийских странах – неофитах НАТО фобия скорой агрессии с Востока. «Русские танки в Эстонии» – эта иррациональная со всех точек зрения страшилка проникла не только в западные СМИ, но и в масскульт. Достаточно вспомнить роман Тома Клэнси и Марка Грени «Окончательное решение» (2013 г.).

Стоит отдать должное Джорджу Фридману. Он точно обозначил виновников кровавой авантюры десятилетней давности. И бесславного поражения американского союзника.

В своей статье Фридман доказывал, что США не могли вступить в конфликт с Россией не только из-за опасности ядерного апокалипсиса, но и потому, что их вооруженные силы завязли в Ираке и Афганистане.

Намек понятен. Речь идет о неоконах, которые стали главными пропонентами вторжения в Ирак, а в случае победы Маккейна на выборах 2008 года планировали лоббировать военную операцию против Ирана.

От себя добавлю, что тезис «Россия не посмеет» – впрочем, не только Россия, но и Китай, Иран и т.д. – является одним из ключевых для неоконсервативной внешнеполитической доктрины Вулфовица, сформулированной в 1992 году.

Геополитически 1990-е закончились в августе 2008-го.

Фридман в своей статье от 12.08.08 неслучайно упомянул Украину как страну, чей нейтралитет не стоит «трогать», если коллективный Запад не хочет получить еще один обидный урок от Москвы.

А известный консервативный публицист Патрик Бьюкенен прямо заявил в 2008-м, что попытка втянуть Киев не то что в НАТО, но даже в ЕС закончится потерей этой страной Крыма.

Что ж, Бьюкенен и Фридман – равно как и множество других западных аналитиков – оказались правы. Когда неоконка Виктория Нуланд начала раздавать печеньки на майдане, она уже предрешила судьбу и полуострова, и, по сути дела, украинской государственности.

Может быть, нам и обидно, что западные СМИ были к нам десять лет назад несправедливы. Но помнить надо о другом. Мы тогда политически обанкротили одну из самых агрессивных внешнеполитических американских доктрин, которая предполагала, в частности, отсутствие у России национальных интересов, с которыми стоило бы считаться.

Сами неоконсерваторы все еще очень влиятельны. Но они изменились. Напомню, что именно Джону Болтону поручили организовать встречу Путина и Трампа в Хельсинки. И Джон ретиво взял под козырек.

Теги:  США, конфликт августа 2008-го, геополитика, консерватизм, 10 лет войне 080808


          Китаю предрекли лидерство по импорту природного газа      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Международное энергетическое агентство опубликовало «Доклад о рынке природного газа», согласно которому Китай в 2019 году должен занять первое место в мире по импорту природного газа.

В 2023 году объем ввоза природного газа в КНР достигнет 171 млрд куб. м., передает «Жэньминь жибао» со ссылкой на Economic Daily.

Экс-глава госуправления по делам энергетики Китая Чжан Юйцин отметил, что богатые природными ресурсами страны стремятся расширить экспорт газа в Китай по причине того, что он является стратегическим покупателем и крупнейшим рынком газа. По его словам, страны, где производится СПГ, а также поставщики, высоко оценивают китайский рынок природного газа.

Отметим, что по итогам 2017 года объем импортируемого Китаем трубного газа увеличился на 8,8% – до 41,69 млрд куб.м. В стоимостном выражении рост составил 12,8% – до 8,52 млрд долларов.

Ранее в среду сообщалось, что американский СПГ уступил России китайский рынок.


          США решили противостоять «российской дезинформации» в Македонии      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Вашингтон планирует выделить 5 млн долларов на повышение медийной грамотности населения Македонии, следует из материалов гранта правительственного агентства по международному развитию (USAID).

Средства выделят на работу с «независимыми журналистами» и на внедрение этических стандартов в редакционной политике македонских СМИ, сообщает Telegram-канал RT.

Отмечается, что такие меры необходимы, так как в Македонии якобы наблюдается активизация деятельности «по распространению дезинформации».

Образцом подобных кампаний, «предположительно поддерживаемых Россией», называют «усилия недемократических режимов в других странах региона».

Кроме того, утверждается, что при прежнем правительстве «кампании по дезинформации стали для Македонии привычным явлением и разожгли в обществе губительную рознь, а также вызвали повсеместное замешательство и разочарование в демократических процессах и ценностях в целом».

Ранее в НАТО пообещали защитить Македонию от российской «агрессии».


          Стало известно содержание полученного Трампом от Путина документа       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Президент России Владимир Путин на саммите в Хельсинки 16 июля передал американскому лидеру Дональду Трампу документ, который содержит ряд инициатив по ядерному разоружению, пишет Politico.

Politico сообщает, что документ называется «Диалог по проблеме контроля над вооружениями»; в нем, в частности, предлагается продлить на пять лет договор о Стратегических наступательных вооружениях, ограничивающий количество ядерного оружия, передает «Коммерсант».

Также Москва предложила Вашингтону заключить договор об отказе от размещения вооружения в космосе и «инициировать экспертные консультации для определения дестабилизирующих видов оружия и их учета в механизме контроля над вооружениями». Переговоры должны вести главы внешнеполитических и оборонных ведомств двух стран.

Кроме того, Россия призывает принять меры «для предотвращения инцидентов при проведении военной деятельности в Европе», а также с целью повысить уровень доверия и прозрачности в военной сфере.  

В Белом доме США отказались подтверждать или опровергать подлинность попавшего в распоряжение Politico документа.

Кремль также пока не прокомментировал данные о якобы переданных президентом России предложениях.

Напомним, в июле сообщалось, что в ходе саммита в Хельсинки Россия предложила США подтвердить приверженность обеих стран четырем ключевым договорам в области контроля над вооружениями.


          EUA anunciam sanções à Rússia por ataque no Reino Unido      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Os EUA anunciaram a imposição de sanções à Rússia em razão do ataque com agente químico contra um ex-espião e sua filha no Reino Unido, em março deste ano...

The post EUA anunciam sanções à Rússia por ataque no Reino Unido appeared first on O Antagonista.


          AspNetForum 8.3.8      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A web based discussion forum is a "de-facto" standard for successful websites. It's one of the best ways to increase the interaction and dynamics of a website, enhance your web community, support your customers better. Jitbit AspNetForum is a fully functional discussion board for ASP.NET-based websites. Our ASP.NET forum control comes with English, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Turkish, Danish, Hebrew, Dutch, Italian, French, Arabic, Russian, Hindi and Chinese Traditional translations. Other languages can be easily added using ASP.NET resources. Why AspNetForum? Key benefits: * Free evaluation version available. Get free ASP.NET forum software: fully functional, does not expire. It just contains a "powered by Jitbit" label on top. * Data-source independent: MS Access or MS SQL Server 7/2000/2005/2008 or MySQL 5.x. This ASP.NET forum comes with a ready-to-use MS Access database file, MS SQL Express database file, and plain SQL-scripts for both MS SQL Server and MySQL that create all the required database tables. Theoretically, will work with any other database engine which has an ADO.NET driver (Oracle, for example). * Search Engine Friendly! - forum topic URLs and page titles are optimized for SEO, containing your keywords * Clean, neat, simplified and light weight, but powerful * Fully customizable: easily redesign the look and feel of your forum by using ASP.NET master pages or by editing the HTML-code and/or CSS. * iPhone-compatible: detects your mobile browser and shows the appropriate markup * Secure - supports user activation by email, user-groups and group-based forum permissions, which allow forum administrators to control which forums are visible * Authentication integration - easily integrated into your existing websites. Can be configured to recognize your existing authenticated users - both Windows and Forms Authentication (using a membership provider, for instance) are supported (along with it's own authentication scheme), * Email notifications on new topics, posts and personal messages, user-controlled subscription to the latest forum updates * Private messaging * Polls * Full RSS feed support for all recent messages, latest topics in a particular forum, messages in a topic etc. * Pre-moderated and free-for-all forums * Source codes - C# ASP.NET forum source code available for web developers (C#)
          US says Russia behind nerve attack in UK, to impose sanctions      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Washington said on Wednesday it would impose fresh sanctions on Russia after it determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain. Sergei Skripal, a former colonel in Russia’s GRU military intelligence service, and his 33-year-old daughter, Yulia, were found slumped unconscious on a bench in the southern English city of Salisbury in March after a liquid form of the Novichok type of nerve agent was applied to his home's front door. State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said it had been determined that Russia "has used chemical or biological weapons in violation of international law, or has used lethal chemical or biological weapons against its own nationals." She said sanctions would take effect on or around Aug. 22. The news came as Republican US Senator Rand Paul said on Wednesday he had delivered a letter from President Donald Trump to Russian President Vladimir Putin proposing cooperation. The sanctions would be structured in two tranches, with the biggest impact from the initial sanctions expected to come from a ban on granting licenses to export sensitive national security goods to Russia, NBC reported, quoting a...
          Holy muskie! King of Prussia fisherman makes surprise catch on Schuylkill      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
"That's actually the first muskie I've ever caught," Kevin Rodenbaugh said. The fish came in at 45 inches long and weighed 30 to 40 pounds. The muskie is not normally associated with that portion of the Schuylkill.
          Uber, Primaries, Russia: Your Wednesday Evening Briefing      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Here’s what you need to know at the end of the day.
          Hadoop Administrator - Vertex, Inc. - King of Prussia, PA      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Knows the Business:. Sufficient knowledge of business communication, including telephone, voicemail, and e-mail and operations of office machines, such as...
From Vertex, Inc. - Fri, 29 Jun 2018 22:48:13 GMT - View all King of Prussia, PA jobs
          Ukraine wants to have the army of Nazi zombies      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
What consequences will follow the introduction of Nazi and Bandera-style greetings in the Ukrainian army? Why does Ukrainian President Poroshenko want to nazify Ukraine? Petro Poroshenko ordered to draft a bill that would replace army greetings from Soviet-style "Greetings,  comrades!" to Bandera-style "Glory to Ukraine!" and "Glory to heroes!"The bill is to be approved by the Ukrainian parliament, which currently remains in recess. The parliament is to reconvene on September 4. Nevertheless, Ukrainian Defense Minister Stepan Poltorak said that the new greetings would be used during the military parade on Independence Day in Kiev on August 24. This suggests that Ukraine lives under the rule of certain individuals, rather than law. The aforementioned Bandera-style greeting used by Ukrainian nationalists - "Glory to Ukraine!" -originates from "Heil Hitler!"("Glory to Hitler!") and "Sieg Heil!" ("Glory to Victory!") exclamations that Nazi soldiers used during WWII.  The "Glory to Ukraine!" exclamation was officially introduced at the II Congress of the OUN* party in Krakow in April 1941.Of course, Ukrainian trolls try to find other roots for their Nazi greeting, Christian and even pre-Christian ones. Yet, Ukrainian soldiers will subconsciously associate the new army greetings with the "deeds" of Ukrainian SS divisions "Galicia" and "Nachtigall."The crimes of Ukrainian nationalists were legally proved and established at relevant litigations that also established their direct connection with Nazis. People in the whole world are familiar with the photo showing a fascist aiming his gun at a naked woman, who tries to cover her child with her body. The man in the picture, who is executing the woman and her child, wears a uniform of SS soldier, but he is not a German. He is a native of Western Ukraine. He had served in Galicia division, and had taken part in the work of punitive troops since 1943. Poroshenko consistently pursues the policy to nazify Ukraine. The main message of this policy is as follows: it was not the Soviet Army, but the Ukrainian people and the Ukrainian insurgent army (Bandera supporters, UPA*) that liberated Ukraine from Nazism. How do common Ukrainians react to this?Ukrainian boxer Oleksandr Usyk said: "If shouting "Glory to Ukraine!" could bring back peace to Ukraine, if it could raise people's salaries and pensions, I would be shouting it 24/7." It appears that the Germans used to have the same feelings when Hitler came to power. We would like to hope that Ukraine does not become a prosperous country owing to a Nazi administration. Here is what another person wrote on Facebook: "If you refuse to say "Glory to heroes" in response to "Glory to Ukraine" or if you do not know how to respond to this exclamation, just pretend that you are deaf, or they'll shoot you, at least in your feet." Needless to say that the international community will not show any reaction to Ukraine's decision to change army greetings from Soviet to Nazi ones. In Germany, however, it is considered criminal to say Nazi greetings. In Poland, Ukrainian Bandera-style exclamation is punishable by imprisonment. Yet, Brussels was OK with the anti-Russian Ukrainian slogan "Moskalyaku na gilyaku!" which literally translates as "Muscovites - on guillotines!" The main principle of the European establishment today is as follows: the worse for Russia, the better. At the same time, Ukraine is striving with its fascist values to Europe. Who knows, maybe it will become a member of the European Union someday. Ukrainian nationalists also use an anti-Jewish slogan - "Yude - get'!" ("Jews out!"), but Mr. Poroshenko enjoys respect in Israel. As for the "stronghold of democracy," the United States, Washington shows strong resistance to the adoption of the anti-Nazi resolution that Russia and tens of other countries promote at the United Nations Organization. Ottawa and Kiev support Washington in this. After the Holocaust, Washington's position on the topic should look wild and unacceptable for Israel, but Israel will never say goodbye to an annual aid of three billion dollars. Psychiatrist and psychologist Alexander Fedorovich said in an interview with Pravda.Ru that Ukraine's key national idea is the idea of nationalism. "It unites a fairly large group of people who are ready for extreme actions. Nationalism in Ukraine promotes ideas of chauvinism, fascism and anti-Semitism," the expert told Pravda.Ru.The first platform, where a national ideology should be realized, is a younger generation (kindergartens and schools). The next platform is the army. "If people have to go to kill other people, they should be ideologically zombified, because they should not think about anything else," Alexander Fedorovich said in an interview with Pravda.Ru.According to the psychologist, Ukraine did not have to reinvent the wheel - the country recreated the experience of Dr. Goebbels by inciting nationalist sentiments and making people believe in the superiority of their country over other nations. "In the army, this greeting, which soldiers repeat throughout the day, becomes visceral. It requires no emotional coloring, and it zombifies people. They stop to reflect on the subject and take it for granted," Alexander Fedorovich said in an interview with Pravda.Ru. *OUN-UPA - terrorist organizations banned in RussiaLyuba LulkoPravda.Ru Read article on the Russian version of Pravda.Ru
          Russia's pension reform to split Putin's majority in Navalny's favor      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Alexei Navalny announced another protest action in Russia on September 9. On this day, which will be the single voting day in Russia, Navalny urges all Russians to publicly express protest against the pension reform. Mr. Navalny traditionally tries to make his mass events happen on special and important days. Apparently, the opposition blogger tries to receive as much media coverage as possible in Western countries. Most of Navalny's meetings and rallies take place as unauthorized events, in which his followers often clash with representatives of law-enforcement agencies. It is important to understand that Alexei Navalny is not an independent persona. Simply put, he acts as a conductor of Western influence in Russia. It became especially evident after the rallies on Bolotnaya Square in Moscow. Those rallies became an attempt to make Maidan riots happen in Russia. It is worthy of note that Mr. Navalny had openly spoken about the need to raise the retirement age in the past. These days, however, he wants the Russians to protest against the pension reform. We have no questions to Mr. Navalny about it, because this is common logic of his political "struggle," or business, better to say. He has been extremely consistent in this business of his. The main question is why he had an opportunity to appear in the niche that is highly important for the entire Russian society. We believe that he appeared there because a public discussion on the need to raise the retirement age in Russia had failed from the very start. The State Duma is now on holiday, so there is no communication between electors and  parliamentarians. However, Internet and social media never go on holidays. Russian bloggers express their ardent protest against the pension reform bill and pay absolutely no attention to statements about important changes that the bill may have during further discussions in the parliament. State-run mass media, however, try to work in accordance with their agenda. First off, they do not call the pension reform a "reform" and refer to the experience of foreign states, even though Russia has major ideological discrepancies, if not confrontation, with Western countries. At the same time, the silence of the government, which came up with this reform and started promoting it, and the active position of the parliament, which started passing the bill contrary to all of its principles and reputation, creates interesting political sentiments in the Russian society. The majority of Russian people have their eyes on Vladimir Putin as the only power institution that remains with this majority and who is ready to conduct a full-fledged dialogue with his people, or listen to them, at least. All this takes us back to Putin's pre-election campaign, which the presidential administration should have supported informationally. It turned out, though, that it was Putin himself, who conducted the campaign for himself with his own forces and his real policy.In general, the situation with the pension reform is the same.  The Kremlin should have launched a massive propaganda campaign to inform the population and establish communication channels with people to make the discussion as massive as possible. Nevertheless, the Kremlin does not seem to be willing to pay attention to the problem, whereas the majority of Russians have their hopeful looks attached to President Putin as the only legitimate representative of power in the country.What was the point of running the campaign of "transparent and legitimate" elections in Russia, if those who won the elections are unwilling to listen to their electors nor do they want to pay attention to what their electors say on such an important topic as retirement age. As for Navalny and its protest activity, it is clear how he is going to promote it in the media. Alexei Navalny will portray himself as a person, whom the Russian administration accuses of working for the West, of stealing timber and buying luxury cars, etc, etc. Meanwhile, a social protest in Russia is turning into a political one. Mr. Navalny can now win the support of not only young people, who want more adrenaline in their blood. He can win the support of mature adults - people of pre-retirement age, who make the core of so-called Putin's majority. The consolidated majority has made it possible for Russia to achieve considerable economic and political progress. Today, however, this majority may split. One is left to wonder if OMON riot police dare to twist elderly people's arms and drag them into police vans during street protests. What will Putin say if it happens? On September 9, 2018, the Russian Federation is to hold elections of various levels, including additional elections of seven deputies to the State Duma, elections of heads of 26 subjects of the federation (22 direct and 4 through voting in parliament), and elections of deputies of legislative (representative) state power bodies in 17 regions of the Russian Federation. In regions where governors resigned after June 9, the elections will be held on the single voting day in 2019.Pravda.Ru Read article on the Russian version of Pravda.Ru 
          DASKAA to mark climax of USA anti-Russian hysteria      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
US Congress currently considers a new document, the essence of which is to put even more pressure on the Russian Federation. The document, inter alia, highlights the need to find the assets of Russian President Putin and declare Russia an accomplice of international terrorism.The document titled "Defending American Security from Kremlin Aggression Act of 2018" or DASKAA, proposes reducing all existing anti-Russian sanctions to a common denominator. Also, according to the bill, Washington will create a special department to oversee the actions of the United States of America on sanctions against Russia.The senators who supported the bill want the Russian Federation to return the Crimea to Ukraine and refuse to sponsor military operations in the Donbass. Representatives of the US government also urge Moscow to stop supporting separatists of Georgia and Moldova. In addition, US authorities want Russia to stop its participation in military operations in Syria, withdraw from the alliance with pro-government forces of the country and no longer support the regime of Bashar Assad.
          Russia's five-day war with Georgia: What lies beneath international lies      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Ten years ago, on August 8, 2008, Georgia attacked South Ossetia. The attack marked the beginning of the conflict that would later be called "The Five-Day War."Tensions between Georgia and South Ossetia had been growing since the collapse of the Soviet Union or even earlier. In the beginning of the 2000s, the crisis subdued, but the situation took a turn for the worse again after Mikhail Saakashvili came to power in Georgia as a result of the "Rose Revolution" in 2004. When Saakashvili took office as President of Georgia, the authorities of the republic embarked on  political and then military provocations. At some point, Saakashvili came to Ossetia in 2004 within the framework of the election campaign, but he had not coordinated his visit with the local authorities. He publicly stated then that it was the last year when the Ossetians had not cast their votes in the election of the Georgian president. At the same time, the vast majority of residents of South Ossetia (approximately 98-99 percent) had voted at referendums for their independence from Georgia. What it more, they had voted for South Ossetia to join the Russian Federation. Russia has been trying to act as a peacekeeper since the late 1980s. Russia's peacekeeping contingent was deployed in South Ossetia. Yet, Georgian officials - especially those who came to power as a result of the "Rose Revolution" - saw only a military way for annexing Ossetia. Apparently, Saakashvili expected that the West would approve of Georgia's military aggression against the Ossetians. Most likely, the plan was to seize the republic so that the West would then recognize it as a part of the Georgian territory despite the losses among the Russian peacekeeping contingent and civilians.In 2008, few believed that Russia would intervene in the conflict to protect the Ossetians and their interests. Today, ten years later, it is obvious that Saakashvili was hoping for a blitzkrieg: to  attack and seize South Ossetia very quickly so that the Russians would not even know what hit them. Georgia launched the artillery attack on the city of Tskhinvali on August 8 at 00:15 a.m. At first, the Georgian troops captured several villages and reached the outskirts of the capital of the republic, having killed several Russian peacekeepers. In one of the interviews, sitting President of South Ossetia, Anatoly Bibilov, recollected those events: "Unfortunately, on the outskirts of the city, riot policemen were killed. I told them then that they would have to retreat into the city, but they were carrying out the order. One must pay tribute to those heroic guys, because they had been executing the order until the very last second of their lives." The Russian troops entered the territory of the republic several hours later. It became clear by the evening of August 8 that the Georgian blitzkrieg had failed. Russia launched its counteroffensive operation, which was dubbed as an act of "coercion to peace."At the same time, a group of ships of the Black Sea Fleet entered the territorial waters of Georgia to block the Georgian fleet. As a result, the territory of South Ossetia was cleared of Georgian troops already on August 11. The Russian troops entered the territory of Georgia and occupied the Georgian city of Zugdidi. The Georgian troops had abandoned the city of Gori by that time.However, Western mass media distorted the events that were happening in South Ossetia and declared Russia an aggressor state. As the armed conflict was unfolding, Russian mass media outlets were full of reports about the war. However, news stories about the conflict appeared in Western publications only several hours later. All Western mass media outlets were saying that it was Russia that attacked Georgia. Mikhail Saakashvili, formerly the president of Georgia and an outcast Ukrainian politician, who now serves, as it appears, a blogger on Echo of Moscow radio station, still believes that it was Russia, but not Georgia, that committed aggressive acts. His recent column is devoted to "heroic battles" of the Georgian army and the "Russian aggression." According to Saakashvili, Chechen terrorist and warlord Shamil Basayev was a Russian volunteer.  Saakashvili still thinks that he found courage to show proper resistance to Russia. Well, the famous video of Mikhail Saakashvili chewing on his tie is a perfect example of this man's unexampled heroism. In the end, all attempts to accuse Russia of aggression fell apart when the International Commission of the European Union concluded as a result of its investigation that it was Georgia that committed an act of aggression. The verdict from the EU, however, did not stop either Georgia or the United States from accusing Russia of attacking Georgia. The events of August 8 marked a turning point in Russia's modern history. The conflict with Georgia made Russia believe that the country is capable of protecting its interests and ensuring  peace not only on our borders, but also in adjacent territories. Russia was experiencing the feeling of triumph and historical justice. The Georgian army shelled residential quarters of Tskhinvali, and we still remember the footage of the city in ruins with dead bodies of civilian residents on the streets. Now, ten years after that war, South Ossetia is a developing republic. The majority of Ossetians still want their republic to join the Russian Federation, and South Ossetian President, Anatoly Bibilov, says that it will happen sooner or later. South Ossetia runs its own economy and pursues an independent foreign policy. The republic has recently established trade relations with Syria. Most importantly, however, South Ossetia lives in peace today. As for Saakashvili and other Georgian politicians who unleashed that war, some of them have been defamed, jailed or put on international wanted list. The current relations between Georgia and Russia remain complicated, but the sitting Georgian leadership is wise enough not to pursue the policy of saber-rattling in relation to the territories that historically have never been Georgia and do not want to be a part of it in the future.Pravda.Ru Read article on the Russian version of Pravda.Ru
          Wolves closing in on £28m double deals, including exciting 23-year-old international      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Wolves closing in on £28m double deals, including exciting 23-year-old international - originally posted on Sportslens.com

Wolverhampton Wanderers are expected to remain busy on the final day of the summer transfer window as they look to add two more players to their ranks. According to reports from Express and Star, Wolves are closing in on two signings – Leander Dendoncker and Oleksandr Zinchenko – that would cost around £28 million and will take their spending to more than £80 million. Earlier on Wednesday, Wolves completed the signing of Adama Traore for a club record fee of £18 million. Dendoncker, 23, is a Belgian defensive midfielder, who featured for his country during the 2018 World Cup in Russia. He has

From Sportslens.com - Football News | Football Blog


          US to impose sanctions on Russia over nerve-agent poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Washington says it will impose fresh sanctions on Russia after determining Moscow used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in the UK.


          Russian Nationals Arrested Over Fake Ad Scheme May Be Transferred to New York      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
NEW YORK (Sputnik) - Russian nationals arrested by the FBI over money laundering allegations may be transferred to a prison in New York, Russian Consulate General spokesperson Alexey Topolsky told Sputnik.
          Perry says cyberthreats to gas justify help for coal, nuclear      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The potential for cyberattacks on gas pipelines and the electric grid makes it important to keep coal and nuclear plants online, Energy Secretary Rick Perry said. Perry, speaking at a conservative political conference here, cited recent news about Russian hackers infiltrating U.S. utility control systems as a reason for protecting the conventional baseline power plants against competition.
          Russians Hack and Fix Special Elections..with some help from the Green Party and Aliens???? (14 replies)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
...according to Hollywood. Man, a full blown freak out the day after multiple primaries and special elections across the nation. A few were heavily touted as getting ready to...
          Russia doubled barley exports in MY 2017/18      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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           Russian wheat sales seen picking up ahead of USDA WASDE report      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          Russia. July rains may deteriorate the quality of grain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          Russia resumes wheat supplies to Brazil — watchdog      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          U.S. orders new sanctions against Russia over chemical attack in Britain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The U.S. on Wednesday cleared the way for a new round of sanctions against Russia after the State Department formally concluded that Moscow violated the international ban on chemical weapons with a nerve agent attack earlier this year against a former Soviet spy and his daughter.

That determination...


          Trump lawyers reject interview terms sought by special counsel in Russia probe      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
President Donald Trump's legal team has rejected special counsel Robert Mueller's conditions for an interview with their client, saying they consider questioning the president about possible...
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          Book Review and Interview: Mike4      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The following review is a special for BlackFive readers provided by Elise Cooper. You can read all of our book reviews and author interviews by clicking on the Books category link in the right side bar. Mike4 by J. R. Seeger brings to life the work of a CIA operative. Using his own experiences, he is able to tell a realistic story. His accomplishments include, having served as platoon leader, company commander, and multiple staff assignments in the Airborne Infantry from 1981 to 1985, as well as Chief of Station, Chief of Base, and Unit Chief for the CIA from 1987 to 2004. The fictional plot finds Sue O’ Connell deciding to follow in her parents’ footsteps and become an operative for the CIA. Her assignment is to find terrorists so that SOF assault teams can “finish” the target. Just as the author came from a military background, before joining the CIA, so has Sue. An injury forces O’Connell to leave the military and join other SOF operators training to become counterterrorism intelligence collectors. But as she continues her training, given the code name Mike4, and after joining the surveillance world, she finds her family held secrets. Beyond just the covert world of their profession, they have a history that includes both counterintelligence secrets and a 60-year old Russian vendetta. This riveting tale allows someone to take the journey with Sue as she goes from the CIA training at the Farm to a field operator. Anyone wanting to understand the shadowy often hard-edged world of counter-terrorism within a mysterious plot should read this novel EC: Russia is the adversary in your story? JR Seeger: The Russians’ purpose is to create sufficient chaos in the West, doing whatever they please in what they would call “the near abroad.” The Russians are taking active measures all across Europe, the UK, and the US. The objective to have the Western world totally focused on the political chaos within their systems instead of Russian expansionism. This geo-political perspective is very much consistent with what was going on during the Cold War in the 1950s, 1960s.The difference is they are using inexpensive yet sophisticated methods, doing it with the Internet instead of tanks. EC: Can you explain the quote about Russia, which is very timely today? JRS: You are referring to the book quote, ‘Americans believes in open-source intelligence and think tanks. Russians understand the outside world is a created reality… and understand that the real world is a world of secrets, backroom deals, deceit, and theft.’ I wanted to explain that every Russian I ever met lived in a world where nothing could be trusted, and everything was manipulated at the Kremlin level. Their two newspapers are described, one is supposed truth and the other is supposed news. Yet, people would say there is no truth and no news. The complete and utter control is with the power. EC: When did you write the book? JRS: The story was written in 2013 and it takes about two years for the PRB to clear the book. The O’Connell family is a metaphor for the rest of the world. Sue thinks she knows everything that goes on within her family, but finds out all kinds of things she never knew. EC: You give a shout out to amputees? JRS: When I did special ops training I met people who had amputations below the knee (BTK). They were previous special operators who were injured in Iraq and Afghanistan. Refusing to be victims, and wanting to stay in the game, they became human intelligence collectors. The guys and gals I worked with did not reveal until after the fact that they were BTKs. Just as with my character Sue, they did not want anyone to know and pity them. They were as hard as a woodpeckers’ lips. EC: What is based on your experiences? JRS: The way the characters talked and thought is based entirely on my experiences. The feedback of those in the game said this is how they talked and thought. I wanted to make sure this book is as realistic about this community as I know. The people in the story are based on a compilation. EC: Can you explain the book quote, “Ginger Rogers had to do everything Fred Astaire did, but backwards and in high heels”? JRS:I wanted to write something that captured women in the Special Operations Forces and intelligence communities. I know the current CIA Director, Gina Haspel, who is a good friend of mine. I have known her since 1991. She is a fascinating person. All the women from Gina’s era through the present-day focus on just doing the job. Barbara O’ Connell, the mom, showed how spectacular women did the job. The current generation are succeeding because the previous one had courageous women who paved the way. As Sue says, once you get through selection that is it. It does not matter your sex, sexuality, race, color, or religion, because it becomes all about performance. If the operator holds up their part of the bargain, they are a part of the team, and if someone does not, then it is RTU, return to unit. EC: Can you describe Sue? JRS: Aggressive, independent, and sometimes a rule breaker. She is learning how to apply her skills. BTW: I did not physically describe any of the characters on purpose, although I put in this book quote to show her feelings, ‘To survive life in an SOF unit she always had to be tougher, faster, and smarter than the guys if she was going to get any respect.’ EC: So did she earn her team’s respect? JRS: Yes. As I said earlier, she finally realized she has nothing to prove, that she earned her place. Anyone who tried to cause trouble for her because she is a woman would be gone. I describe it as all the different parts of the military: Army red, Airforce sky blue, Navy navy blue, and Marine...

          Book Review: Dark Side of the Moon      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The following review is a special for BlackFive readers provided by Elise Cooper. You can read all of our book reviews and author interviews by clicking on the Books category link in the right side bar. Dark Side of the Moonby Alan Jacobson is another “OPSIG Team Black” adventure. This story will literally take people to a new dimension. Readers will feel they are on a journey on F-18 fighter planes and a trip to the moon while combating espionage, the dark secrets of the moon, and kidnapping. Jacobson commented, “After reading this article about Apollo 17 bringing back moon rocks I had an idea that maybe they could be used for military purposes. Since I do not write science fiction I needed to do a lot of research and worked with some awesome people. I talked with an engineer who worked on the Space Shuttle and is currently working on a NASA project. The different organizations that cooperated were NASA, JPL, Lockheed, and SPACEX. People helped me work out the logistics of how the mission should be carried out. Even though it was quite an endeavor, given the opportunity I would do it again. Mainly, because I have been fascinated with space, growing up with Star Trek and the Apollo missions.” Readers find out that after returning to the earth in 1972 Apollo 17 brought back some classified items. Discovering its importance, a NASA engineer leaks the information to foreign governments. Now there is a race to the moon to find an element called Caesarium. If found it can be used to produce a weapon with an ultimate magnitude of destruction, that has important military applications. In order to stop China and Russia Hector DeSantos and Aaron Uziel (Uzi) join with two astronauts on a mission called Operation Containment. They must prevent Caesarium from being brought back. Meanwhile back on earth, Karen Vail and company have determined that the mission has been sabotaged and they must find out the mole who did it. Karen Vail and her colleague Alexandra Rusakov will have to find the mole and destroy the spy ring that planted malware on the ships that are now headed for the Moon. To complicate matters Hector’s father is kidnapped and will be used as leverage. The author likes to venture out and write new stories. His last book, Darkness of Evil, and his next book will delve into serial killers. “As a writer, I want to keep fresh and different. I want to challenge my characters and myself to acclimate to new environments. Karen Vail has been to Paris, England, and Spain maneuvering through the different cultures, places, laws, and law enforcement. I think this current book about moon elements is extremely relevant. Space can help with our military readiness that includes determining logistics. We need to maintain our superiority in space and should applaud our President’s efforts to reinvigorate our space program. We need a moon base to collect natural resources and use it as a spring board to get to another planet.” Space is coming to the forefront once again. This believable story shows the importance of America keeping its space superiority. It also highlights how Karen Vail must maneuver through lies, betrayals, and disloyalties to find the culprits.

          Book Review: The Prince      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The following review is a special for BlackFive readers provided by Elise Cooper. You can read all of our book reviews and author interviews by clicking on the Books category link in the right side bar. The Prince by Katharine Ashe is the last book in the “Devil Duke series.” With each new book, she outdoes herself. The latest is always better than the last. As with most of her books, she writes how nothing is what it seems to be on the surface. Both the hero and heroine hide their identity, she her gender, and he his background. He becomes a portrait painter so no one will know he is a prince, and she dresses up as a man, hiding the fact she is a woman. A subplot involving murdered women and grave-robbing adds to the mystery of whether the hero and heroine’s secrets will be found out. At the heart of the novel is how Libby Shaw and Ziyaeddin Mizra, aka as Ibrahim Kent strive to save lives. He does it metaphorically, painting the real person, healing someone emotionally, while she does it literally, attempting to heal the body surgically. She is ahead of her time, not willing to give into the social norms that forbid women from becoming doctors. To achieve her life-long dream, to become a member of Edinburgh’s all-male Royal College of Surgeons, she disguises herself as a man. To make this a reality she enlists the help of Ziyaeddin who agrees to allow her to live with him, on one condition,she must sit once a week for him to paint, but as a woman.Eventually they come to realize that they are the only people each feels completely comfortable with, desire, and can depend upon. For anyone who thinks this story cannot be realistic, Ashe refers them to “the biography of James Barry, which inspired Libby’s disguise. He was formerlyMargaret Buckley,a woman who at nineteen changed her name and appearance to enter medical school in Edinburgh in 1809.This was necessary because most men in nineteenth century Britain believed that women lacked the physical and moral nature to be physicians or surgeons.It was not until Barry was on his deathbed that it was discovered he had a female body. I thought that if James Barry could do it for a lifetime, then my character could do it for a year. And I wondered: how many women who sought a different life than they were allowed did this?” Ziyaeddin also hides his identity, frustrated by his seventeen-year exile in Scotland. He is the deposed Prince of Tabir, a small Middle Eastern country. Forced to flee with his mother as a child after his father was killed in a coup he waits for the moment when he can return, take his rightful place on the throne, and rescue his sister. For now, he bides his time, wondering what will become of his and Libby’s relationship. Although Tabir is a fictional country, Ashe sees it as “an invention based on the realm of history. It is a small kingdom between the empires of Russia, the Ottoman Empire, and Iran. He ended up in Edinburgh because it had a port where people came together, similar to those places where he grew up.” The story explores Obsession-Compulsive Disorder. It is written in such a way that readers feel Libby’s pain. There is an understanding of the actual effects that it has on her as a person. It comes to the forefront after Ziyaeddin leaves for London, and Libby is left alone in the house. Anytime there are sudden changes Libby has episodes of irrational behavior where she feels compelled to have everything in order, and will keep doing it again and again until she gets it right. If she can't, she shuts down until she can cope again. After she confides in Ziyaeddin, and he agrees to help her, she realizes he is a special person. Libby is very smart, single-minded in her goal, compassionate,caring, thoughtful, and very determined. Ziyaeddin compliments her with his kindness, gentleness, firmness, strength, as well as his protective, nurturing,and caring ways. Infused in the story are fascinating pieces of nineteenth-century history. This is by no means an information dump, but facts that allow the story to come alive. Ashe has the ability to make sure it does not overwhelm the plot, yet readers learn about the culture, politics, and social norms of the era. This is a refreshing adventure story with a theme of friendship and respect. Ashe weaves in important topics of prejudice, racism, mental health, disability, and equality that make the plot and characters relatable.

          Book Review: Second Strike      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The following review is a special for BlackFive readers provided by Elise Cooper. You can read all of our book reviews and author interviews by clicking on the Books category link in the right side bar. Second Strike by Peter Kirsanow has Special Operator Michael Garin returning to save the day again. This Superman quote applies, Garin “fights the unending battle for truth, justice, and the American way.” He will once again face off against his nemesis, Russian Special Operator Taras Bor in this action-packed thriller. Mike Garin was not written as an anti-hero. “I wrote him as someone who is sure about the righteousness of his cause. He sleeps very well at night. Never apologetic for defending America. I wanted him to be a Gary Cooper type, the old-fashioned gun slinger who is on the side of right. I met many operators and my brother-in-law used to be one. They believe in America and understand what must be done to keep it as the greatest country in the world. Garin was inspired in part by a couple of operators I’ve known, but he’s chiefly a combination of the attributes of my brother-in-law and my late father, one of the world’s great badasses. In fact, Nikolai “Pop” Garin is my father. The existential struggle between Garin and his nemesis Taras Bor is a metaphor between the existential struggle of America and its chief enemies. In future books readers will find out something about Bor that will surprise them and put some things in perspective.” At the center of the plot is the ongoing geopolitical tension between Russia and America. Just weeks after thwarting an EMP (electromagnetic pulse) attack by the Russians and Iranians, Garin and company realize that Russia is planning something else, a massive cyber-attack using ISIS wannabes. It is a warning of sorts that hammers the point home, America does not have a response doctrine to a massive attack of either magnitude. Without government support, Garin turns to three people for help: Congo Knox, a former Delta Force sniper; Dan Dwyer, the head of a sprawling military contracting firm; and Olivia Perry, an aide to the national security advisor. As the tension mounts up Garin must stop the attack or millions will die. Kirsanow commented, “Because of my job I am at a lot of committee hearings. The first book, Target Omega, was inspired by a 2010 hearing on EMP. For this book, I happened on a committee meeting regarding cyber-attacks. It was shortly after that where China hacked the Office of Personal Management. My assistant on the Committee of Civil Rights had her file hacked. It affected so many people I know. The administration at the time did nothing to protect those individuals. The opening scene in this book refers to how previous administrations let problems fester. If we do not have plans to deal with these dangers it amounts to ‘defense malpractice.’” This story has never ending action. Readers will be on the edge of their chairs as they quickly turn the pages to see how Garin thwarts Bor and the Russians.

          CAREGiver - Russian - Home Instead Senior Care - Vaughan, ON      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Ability to treat and care for seniors and their property with dignity and respect; Home Instead Senior Care is looking for caring, compassionate and Russian...
From Home Instead Senior Care - Wed, 08 Aug 2018 21:09:25 GMT - View all Vaughan, ON jobs
          A workers’ resistance to the crisis in Venezuela      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Venezuela under President Nicolás Maduro has further descended into crisis and chaos since Maduro was re-elected in May in an election marked by low turnout and lack of options to vote for. Since the election, though, new workers’ struggles have arisen and spread, though the local and international media have ignored them. This resistance poses an alternative to both the corrupt and repressive Maduro government and the right-wing opposition backed by the U.S. which has opposed reforms and popular power since former President Hugo Chavez came to power.

On August 4, after the interview below was completed, Maduro survived an attack during a speech in Caracas. Drone aircraft carrying explosives reportedly flew close to the president and his entourage and detonated. Maduro was unhurt. The government blames the attack on opponents working with the U.S. and Colombia to topple Maduro.

Gonzalo Gómez is a Venezuelan revolutionary, member of the socialist organization Marea Socialista, co-founder of the independent left-wing website aporrea.org, and a veteran of union and popular struggles in Venezuela for over 40 years. In mid-July, he was interviewed by Carlos Carcione about the situation in Venezuela and the next steps for socialists in the country. The interview was translated into English by Eva María.

ACCORDING TO the information we have, struggles by workers have begun in the country over wage demands and working conditions. Other large protests are taking place over the collapse of public services, such as electricity, water and telecommunications, as well as the situation with public transportation and roads, and also the CLAPs [boxes with food essentials distributed by the government to low-income families] that are not arriving. Could you tell us what the situation is like?

AFTER THE May 20 elections [won by Nicolas Maduro], there has been an escalation of conflicts and demands from workers and from many social sectors in the country. This process has not stopped. On the contrary, it is increasing with new sectors joining every day.

Striking nurses in Caracas demand a fair wage and relief from the crisis
Striking nurses in Caracas demand a fair wage and relief from the crisis

Among the most outstanding are the mobilizations that the nurses of public hospitals and maternity hospitals have been leading for more than two weeks. They are demanding a fair salary; some slogans call for salaries to match the level of the Canasta Básica [the basic needs for a household], which is also what the Constitution [of 1999, which Maduro is attempting to re-write] states.

It’s necessary to bear in mind that the salary today is less than what it costs to get to work. And this also leads to the demand for the improvement of health services: there are no medical supplies, no medicines, inadequate medical equipment — and to top it off, doctors are leaving the country.

However, the government reportedly granted increases to the military that are known to be very close to the Canasta Básica or higher for the upper ranks. These motivated nurses to say “We want a salary like the military’s,” and others to say, “We want to make what Tisbay Lucena [the president of the National Electoral Council] makes in two weeks.”

The nurses are taking to the streets and have the support of patients and their families. They are opting for street protests because the government is in a de facto shutdown in the health sector due to a lack of resources and starvation wages.

This situation of crisis and abandonment is suffered by the vast majority of public-sector workers, as well as throughout the country. For example, workers in the university sector are also going out to protest over wages.

Leaders of the official trade unions try to make agreements behind the backs of the workers with increases that are negligible and completely unsatisfactory. The workers remain unaware of these “agreements,” and the struggles continue.

Workers at the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology and many satellite institutions in this ministry have joined protests and struggle. And just as in the health sector, the demand for higher wages is merged with the demand to improve the conditions of the services they provide.

Electricity workers, telephone workers for CANTV in some regions, some postal workers are taking action. And some who have not yet taken to the streets are beginning to issue statements and demands addressed to the government, as well as protests through communiqués about the situation in which they find themselves, mainly in the public sector.

Then there is also a tendency towards workers in related sectors working together, and in some cases, coordinating struggles. This marks the prospect of a general national struggle for wages and also for the improvement of public services.

For workers in other countries to understand the situation, it should be said that Venezuelan workers and their families would be living on these wages with one or two eggs a day or with a can of tuna a day per household.

The government provides care packages with some food products, called CLAP boxes, to a part of the population. These create a clientelist relation with the government, but they are not part of peoples’ salaries. The system is also very insufficient. People can’t freely decide what food or products they buy. Such measures have been typical of neoliberal governments for social control of the poor.

This has to be put in the context of a collapsing situation. You can’t get transportation to work or you don’t have cash to pay for it, and then you go to work in shifts or part-time. The workers are dividing up a few days a week because they can’t even successfully get to work consistently. The economy is collapsing, and so is Venezuelan society and the state.

We at Marea Socialista are going to be involved in these struggles, bringing our solidarity, our support and our proposals, and helping to amplify the demands and experiences.

We believe that each of these struggles must achieve its objectives. We must not allow them to be repressed, and we should push for them to coordinate into a national struggle for higher wages.

The focus is now in the struggle for wages, but the communities and neighborhoods are also coming out to demand the basic functioning of public services that are currently in disarray: lack of water, constant blackouts, interruptions in phone service, inconsistency in garbage pickup, etc.

WHAT DO you think is the current political situation in the country?

THE GOVERNMENT doesn’t guarantee the normal functioning of the country, nor the living conditions of the people, nor does it really manage to govern. It does not stop hyperinflation. It simply contributes to chaos.

It behaves like an authoritarian government toward the people, but it has no authority to bring order to the economy or to put a stop to the corruption of which it is a part.

The situation is so serious that even some sectors of the PSUV [United Socialist Party of Venezuela, the ruling party] are aware of what is happening and criticisms of the government of Nicolás Maduro are beginning to multiply. Because what the government is doing is equivalent to the effects of neoliberal governments. Because of the precariousness of wages, because employment has no meaning or value, and there is an exodus of professionals and workers.

They are reducing the functioning of the state apparatus to a minimum, albeit without abandoning corruption, to the obvious detriment of living conditions, which is clear in the case of the health sector.

The government attributes all this to a supposed “economic war” against it, but we all know that capital has always sought profit at the expense of everyone else, and it is the government that has the power to influence a set of variables. If the government does not give the necessary wage increases, then they must be held responsible. If it does not provide basic services, the same thing applies.

And we are not only talking about the National Executive, because the National Constituent Assembly (ANC) forged by Maduro — though we can consider it to be illegitimate — is supposed to be supra-constitutional and universal, but even it isn’t capable of fixing things.

All they are trying to do is adjust the political regime to the requirements of capitalist accumulation of the ruling bureaucracy into the new global framework, guarantee themselves freedom to engage in embezzlement, contain the people under social and repressive control, and ensure impunity for their power elite.

Another example of the bureaucratic disaster is PDVSA [the state oil company]. Oil production has fallen to an all-time low. The Maduro government is bankrupting the company — if it’s not already bankrupt.

Basic industries, including the steel sector, are going through a historic decline in production, producing what was previously produced in a few days over the course of a year.

The government can only keep itself in power while we are overwhelmed by appalling corruption. It does nothing to recover the country’s embezzled resources, because the government itself is knee-deep in corruption, whose haul is equivalent to almost a decade of imports.

And on the other hand, the government has prioritized the payment of an illegitimate foreign debt and is pledging the country’s little oil production in exchange for Russia’s and China’s financial aid in the future, putting at risk national and state sovereignty over PDVSA.

This shows that the only plan they have is to unload the crisis on the population. They seek to distract us with calls for electoral processes in very dubious conditions. But the government isn’t carrying out its duty to solve national and working people’s problems.

In sum, we have a disastrous combination of factors: authoritarianism and the degradation of democracy; the collapse of the functioning of the state for social and economic affairs; a frightening setback in the standard of living of the people in contrast to what had been achieved during the Bolivarian Revolution; as well as rampant corruption linked to a mafia pattern of accumulation, which cannot be fixed with this government, nor with a government of the old oligarchy.

This is why I sometimes comment that “La V se ha cuarteao.” [The Fifth Republic is going the way of the Fourth.] The people who have begun to rebel in Venezuela are doing so because daily life is already impossible and because they are reacting against the dismantling of everything. The gravity of the current situation leads us to say that the country must go through a refoundation.

WHAT DO you propose as a way out?

WE HAVE to start from these struggles because they mean a shift in the national situation.

The workers and the popular sectors have started to respond. They have gone from a situation in which uncertainty, demoralization, fear and a desire to flee the country prevailed to the terrain of struggle. People are going out to fight in the streets because they are cornered by a government that does not want and cannot offer alternatives.

These struggles must be coordinated and extended nationally. But the solution will not come as long as we keep doing the same things we’ve done up to this point. We need an emergency plan that is really on the side of the workers and the popular sectors, not that of the bureaucracy, the corrupt and those who take advantage of the crisis to do business and become an elite of predatory power.

This emergency plan would have to guarantee a salary at the level of the Canasta Básica of goods and updated periodically to keep up with hyperinflation, so that wages don’t plummet. This would just be putting into effect what is established in Article 91 of our Constitution [established by Chávez in 1999, in contrast to the one Maduro is trying to draft].

Initially, at least, it can start with what the nurses who are fighting are demanding. For example, we want to get paid at the same level as military officers.

Among other things, we need to recover the funds embezzled from the country, which amount to billions of dollars. The assets and accounts of the corrupt must be confiscated. We also insist on the cessation of payments of the foreign debt and the initiation of a public and citizen audit of this debt, as it is illegitimate and the product of corrupt dealings.

As for other ways we can get the needed resources. First, we can get them from the production of the state-owned companies themselves, especially the food industry, which the government has left practically inactive and whose products are diverted to smuggling circuits or to parallel markets.

This recovery isn’t going to be guaranteed by the corrupt bureaucracy, but rather by the effective participation and control of workers, peasants and communities.

For this plan to be carried out, then, another government is needed, one that is willing and able to carry this plan forward. Neither nor the right-wing opposition, which represents big capital and has leached off the corrupt state, want to apply these solutions. We need another political direction.

This is why we are fighting to build Marea Socialista. At the same time, we say that the workers who are fighting and those who are critical of the government must create a new political alternative for the country that embraces one of our most characteristic slogans: Neither bureaucracy nor capital!

In the international and regional context, the people have also come out to fight and are strongly questioning governments. Some of these governments are using left-wing rhetoric, but empty of content, and in the name of that, they are snatching democratic and social conquests from the peoples and even committing real massacres. This is what is happening in the case of Ortega in Nicaragua.

Governments like Ortega’s and Maduro’s end up becoming instruments of counterrevolution against their people, and today, they are actually implementing a counterrevolution in our countries.

We, in the heat of the struggles, find ourselves needing to build the political vehicles to oppose these leaders and their parties at the same time as we continue to fight the old bastions of right-wing power.

That is why we are trying to build alternatives and new political references with a national reach. But we need and seek to develop international connections with those with whom we share strategic outlooks and who want to struggle alongside us.

Hence our relationship with and our effort to build a new international space as Anticapitalistas en Red, which has been bringing together several revolutionary, democratic, anti-capitalist and anti-bureaucratic political organizations in Latin America and other parts of the world.


          Bobina - Russia Goes Clubbing 511 (2018-08-04)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Bobina - Russia Goes Clubbing 511 (2018-08-04)


Bobina - Russia Goes Clubbing 511 (2018-08-04)
          What Is Culver’s Root – Tips For Growing Culver’s Root Flowers      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Native wildflowers make wonderful garden guests, as they’re easy care, often drought-tolerant and absolutely lovely. Culver’s root flowers deserve your consideration. What is Culver’s root? It’s a native perennial plant that shows off in summer with long stalks of tiny white blossoms beloved by bees, both domesticated and wild. Read on for information on how to grow Culver’s root, as well as tips on Culver’s root care. What is Culver’s Root? You may have seen Culver’s root flowers (Veronicastrum virginicum) growing along riverbeds and roadsides in the east, from New England down to Texas. They appear in summer, with long white racemes of small flowers, wildly popular with bees. The spiky flowers look like candelabras, with their many branches tipped by the inflorescences. Occasionally, you see blue or pink flowers if Russian varieties have been grown nearby and the plants hybridize. So what is Culver’s root? It’s a native plant

          Trump admin sanctions Russia for poisoning of ex-spy and his daughter      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
According to a senior State Department official, the sanctions are likely to cut off millions of dollars in exports of sensitive national security equipment to Russia.
          U.S. orders new sanctions against Russia over chemical attack in Britain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The U.S. on Wednesday cleared the way for a new round of sanctions against Russia after the State Department formally concluded that Moscow violated the international ban on chemical weapons with a nerve agent attack this year against a former Soviet spy and his daughter.

That determination — which...


          Lilu Moon & Andreina De Lux In Amazing Threesome Fuck      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Release Year: 2018 Cast: Lilu Moon & Andreina de Lux Genres: Russian, Brunettes, Natural Tits, Threesome, Oral, Hardcore, Anal, Facial Video language: English That trio is one of a kind - in the sense, that those 2 beauties are truly loving sex, especially if [...]
          Trump administration slaps more sanctions on Russia after Skripal poisonings      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US will impose sanctions on Russia under a chemical and biological warfare law following the poisoning of a former Russian agent and his daughter in the UK earlier this year, the State Department announced Wednesday.

          White House says Rand Paul asked Trump for letter to introduce him to Putin      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Kentucky Republican Sen. Rand Paul announced Wednesday that he delivered a letter to Russian President Vladimir Putin from US President Donald Trump.

          Senate Intelligence Committee calls on Assange to testify      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WikiLeaks announced in a tweet Wednesday the Senate Intelligence Committee called on its founder Julian Assange to testify on Russian interference in the 2016 election.

          DJ Who “Turned Down Wall St.” Is On a Quest to Decentralize Music Festivals      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
DJ Who “Turned Down Wall St.” Is On a Quest to Decentralize Music Festivals

Independent DJ Justin Blau (known on stage as 3LAU) didn’t exactly stumble into the cryptocurrency industry — to say so would misrepresent how much thought he’s put into his blockchain-based event network, Our Music Festival (OMF). But at the very least, his introduction to the space came through a touch of serendipity.

Blau became formally acquainted with blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies after a chance meeting with the Winklevoss twins at a music festival in 2014. The Winklevosses were making their own debut into the industry, as they were in the early stages of building their Gemini exchange at the time.

After hitting it off with the up-and-coming DJ, they invited Blau back to their penthouse, a welcome alternative to crashing at an  exorbitant downtown hotel, Blau admitted in an interview with Bitcoin Magazine. That night — and the blockchain-centric conversation that dominated it — had Blau hooked on the young and novel tech.

“I very quickly saw all the ways in which blockchain [technology] could disrupt the music business and all aspects of the music business — from digital music to live music to manager and artist relationships — disintermediating the entire business as a whole. And I just found myself thinking about it all the time.”

Business moguls and financial thoroughbreds as the Winklevosses are, the encounter may have felt a little like looking into a rearview mirror for Blau. Before dropping out of Washington University in St. Louis to pursue a music career — a decision encouraged by one of his finance professors — he was in line for an internship fast track to Wall Street. Instead of following in his father’s footsteps for a career in finance, he set out to ride the momentum of his early days playing frat parties and college shows across the nation, a move that earned him the title “The DJ that turned down Wall Street” from Forbes.

So in connecting with the Winklevosses, the doors of the financial industry were opened to him again — only this time, the door was to a niche and highly stigmatized five-year-old field. Still, this same door opened up the possibility to reimagine his current occupation under a new economic model.

“After I performed my first ether transfer — I paid a Dutch company at 1:00 a.m. on a Saturday night in ETH for some animation work — I was like, ‘Holy crap, this is insane! Instant transfer of value. And that’s when I really started to dive in and learn as much as I possibly could and ask myself, ‘How could I be a part of it?’”

The answer became clear in August of 2017. After consuming crypto-related literature with voracious curiosity and attending blockchain conferences, Blau began mixing with some of the space’s leading innovators and professionals with help from the Winklevosses and some of his old college friends who had made their careers in tech.

“I just had all of these people who were very powerful, making introductions for me, and that’s when I started diving in deeper,” he said.

And Blau has found his place in the industry: on stage, both as host and performer, at the world’s first blockchain-powered music festival. Coming to fruition on October 20, 2018, Our Music Festival’s first iteration will be held at the Greek Theatre at UC Berkeley, with German-Russian DJ Zedd headlining, and Big Sean, Matt and Kim, and Charlotte Lawrence on the lineup, as well.

At its inception, OMF began as an effort to tokenize live music events. In essence, Blau explained, it’s goal was to decentralize the entire process, giving fans a degree of control over lineup curation and even a share of the festival’s revenue.

But as the space evolved and tokens entered the regulatory conversation, things became complicated.

“I think it’s important for any blockchain startup to be honest about the scope of the project,” Blau said in the interview. “It became really difficult to keep [to our original model], given the regulatory environment. We shifted to this utility token model, where the token represents demand for the festival as a product. And then we shifted again and asked, ‘So how do we do both?’ And that’s where we are now.”

For its inaugural year, the festival will be blockchain-related inasmuch as fans will be able to pay for tickets in crypto as well as fiat. They’ll also issue paper Ethereum wallets to all fans once they check in to the festival, a gesture in line with the educational insight Blau hopes the festival’s blockchain/crypto information booths will offer to its attendees.

Come next year, Blau hopes to integrate blockchain tech even further into the festival’s features. He wants to enable payments in OMF tokens, as well as to launch a reward system that allows fans to earn OMF by inviting friends to the festival, buying tickets early and committing data and feedback to the OMF ecosystem.

These tokens will also be used for discounts and promotions within the festival grounds, and Blau even intends to leverage them to give fans access to their favorite artists, backstage passes and VIP experiences.

In the far future, Blau wants Our Music Festival to tap into blockchain technology’s decentralized, peer-powered ethos to give fans a say in the festival’s lineup and a share of its revenue.

But to get there, Blau and his startup must reason and reckon with the industry’s technological and regulatory growing pains.  

“We have to adapt as we go and that’s the biggest challenge for any company in an evolving space. Network scalability and regulatory environment are our biggest challenges,” he stated.

From a legal standpoint, Our Music Festival cannot offer revenue sharing, lest the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) sees these payouts as dividends and its OMF token deemed a security. On the scalability front, Blau believes that the Ethereum network needs to mature before the festival can fully decentralize and implement more blockchain-driven functions.

If the network fails for whatever reason and someone can’t get into the festival, it’s a huge loss for the technology as a whole.

“In year one, we’re only going to start rolling out features if we know we can execute them. Because our biggest risk is the fan experience. If the network fails for whatever reason and someone can’t get into the festival, it’s a huge loss for the technology as a whole,” Blau reasoned.

“Year one is really kinda a launch event. Year two, start building out some of the tech. Year three to year five, our primary goals are giving fans ownership and enabling fans to vote for the lineups for these events. And in the long-term, even let them create their own small events.”

Until the long-term becomes the immediate present, the festival will “gradually decentralize over time,” Blau said, espousing “a firm belief in minimum viable centralization … to bring [his] concept to the mainstream.”

Helping him in his efforts, OMF features a stacked team of both music and tech industry professionals. COO Adam Lynn serves as co-founder and president of Prime Social Group, a concert and event company responsible for 900 events, 19 festivals and 400,000 ticket sales annually. Kevin Edelson, the company’s CMO, has a history of PR work for Universal Music Group and Red Light Management, among others.

For smart contract and blockchain development, Our Music Festival leverages the work and talents of Zach LeBeau, Shreesh Tiwari and G. Thomas Esmay, the core team at SingularDTV, a blockchain studio that focuses on digital media and entertainment.

Blau hopes that in bringing tech and creative professionals together, OMF will catalyze blockchain integration into the music industry. As for Blau, he’s hoping he can serve as a guiding intermediary between both industries.

There’s a little bit of a disconnect between existing industries and blockchain startups and my goal is to be that bridge. To show the tech people and engineers what people like me need, to bring the music business a little more across the fence into the space. So that’s my personal goal — to be the bridge.

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.


          Vice President Pence Hires Outside Lawyer To Deal With Russia Inquiries      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Updated at 6:37 p.m. ET Less than a month after President Trump hired an outside lawyer to deal with inquiries related to the Russia investigations, Vice President Pence has followed suit. Pence's office confirms he has hired Richard Cullen, who served as U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia during the term of George H.W. Bush and later worked on George W. Bush's legal team during the 2000 Florida recount. An aide tells NPR that the decision to hire an outside lawyer has been under consideration for weeks, and Pence decided to go forward with it earlier this week. The vice president's communications director, Jarrod Agen, said in a statement, "I can confirm that the Vice President has retained Richard Cullen of McGuire Woods to assist him in responding to inquiries by the special counsel. "The Vice President is focused entirely on his duties and promoting the President's agenda and looks forward to a swift conclusion of this matter," he added. Pence has not come under any
          Comey Testimony Raises New Questions About Jeff Sessions And Russia       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Updated at 7:28 p.m. ET Former FBI director James Comey may have done more damage to Attorney General Jeff Sessions on Thursday than even President Trump, whom Comey publicly accused of waving him off part of the Russia investigation. Comey said he expected Sessions to recuse himself from the Russia investigation weeks before he did because of reasons that are classified. That does not comport with Sessions rationale when he announced his recusal in early March. Sessions has been the subject of scrutiny over his failure to disclose meetings with Russian ambassador to the U.S. Sergey Kislyak during the 2016 campaign, which Sessions has defended as routine — part of his duties as a U.S. senator. In his opening statement to the Senate Intelligence Committee, released on Wednesday, Comey detailed a private conversation with President Trump in the Oval Office shortly after National Security Advisor Michael Flynn was forced to resign, in which Comey recalls the president saying, "I hope you
          Did James Comey Lie About Interference In The Russia Investigation?       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ceCaFCG2j8 Fired FBI Director James Comey may tell the Senate Intelligence Committee next week that President Trump suggested he ease off at least part of the FBI's Russia investigation. But a month ago, he said this to the Senate Judiciary Committee: "I'm talking about a situation where we were told to stop something for a political reason, that would be a very big deal. It's not happened in my experience." Why did Comey say he has never been asked to stop an investigation for political reasons after that conversation with Trump? Some writers on the Internet, particularly Comey critics, have a couple of simple explanations — the memos are fake or he perjured himself in front of Congress. But there's more context. Here is the full exchange from the Judiciary Committee hearing, when Comey was being questioned by Sen. Mazie Hirono, D-Hawaii. HIRONO: So if the attorney general or senior officials at the Department of Justice opposes a specific
          Rubio To NPR: No Witch Hunt On Russia, But No Cover-Up Either      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A handful of top Republicans are calling on Attorney General Jeff Sessions to recuse himself from a federal investigation into whether Russia interfered with last year's presidential election, as top Democrats call on Sessions to resign. The demands come after reports that Sessions spoke to Russia's ambassador twice last year , while Sessions was working as a top adviser and surrogate for Donald Trump's presidential campaign. The news was first reported by The Washington Post and has since been confirmed by NPR's Carrie Johnson. Sessions said during his confirmation hearings that he had no contact with Russian officials as he worked with Trump's campaign. Amid the calls for recusal and resignation, many leading Republicans are urging caution. Sen. Marco Rubio, a Republican who has been highly suspicious of possible links between the Trump campaign and Russia, told NPR's Steve Inskeep on Morning Edition, "I'm not interested in being part of a witch hunt, but I also will not be part of a
          As U.S. Confronts Russia, Trump's Admiration Of Putin Is Consistent      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UaVWRetR4jg President-elect Donald Trump is unabashedly praising Russian President Vladimir Putin, a day after outgoing President Obama issued tough sanctions against the country in response to alleged cyberattacks intended to influence the U.S. elections. In a tweet Friday afternoon, Trump responded to Putin's decision not to expel U.S. diplomats from Russia in kind after Obama ordered 35 Russian diplomats to leave the country — admiring the Russian leader's strategic approach over President Obama, which is the theme of Trump's ongoing praise of Putin. Earlier Friday, Putin instead signaled he would wait to decide how to move forward until Trump takes office, giving him someone in the Oval Office who has been much friendlier and quite generous with his praise — a stark break from decades of U.S. foreign policy. The Russian Embassy in the U.S. also retweeted Trump's post, which he pinned to his Twitter timeline so it would remain at the top. Trump also
          Russian escort in bangalore      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

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          Trump administration to hit Russia with new sanctions for Skripal poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Trump administration is hitting Russia with new sanctions punishing President Vladimir Putin's government for using a chemical weapon against an ex-spy in Britain, U.S. officials told NBC News Wednesday. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo signed off on a determination that Russia violated international law by poisoning the former spy, Sergei Skripal, and his daughter in March, officials said, a decision that was announced Wednesday afternoon by State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert. Although the U.S. joined European countries in publicly blaming Moscow within days of the attack, the Trump administration had never issued the formal determination that triggers automatic sanctions...
          Il disegno odierno      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Dittatura massonica, politica e religiosa
(un moderno cesaropapismo,
stavolta però di stampo satanico)





Come noto, la massoneria moderna nasce a Londra nel 1717; da allora il legame tra massoneria e Regno Unito è strettissimo (senza dimenticare quello con la sinagoga ebraica), il sovrano inglese è capo supremo della massoneria britannica e i pubblici funzionari del Regno Unito sono tenuti ad iscriversi alle logge.
Il disegno odierno della massoneria internazionale è presto detto: distruggere le identità nazionali, istituire un governo unico planetario, a cui affiancare una religione unica mondiale.
Per raggiungere questo obiettivo hanno posto un loro uomo in Vaticano, sul trono di Pietro, visto che gli attacchi frontali dall’esterno finora condotti contro la Chiesa sono serviti solo a rafforzarla; così hanno deciso di agire dall’interno, con il metodo del cavallo di Troia, infiltrando pian piano loro agenti nelle fila del clero, alcuni dei quali sarebbero probabilmente riusciti a giungere al vertice della Chiesa, prendendone così possesso e potendo snaturarla con tutta calma (come è successo, gradualmente, dal 1958 ad oggi, con il concilio Vaticano II e cinquant’anni di postconcilio rivoluzionario).

Poiché però papa Ratzinger non dava più affidamento di riuscire a completare l’opera di demolizione della Chiesa in tempi ragionevoli (cioè brevi, dato che il tempo concesso a Satana sta per scadere, e lui lo sa benissimo) hanno deciso di farlo sloggiare, con le buone o con le cattive (leggasi accompagnamento alla casa celeste) per piazzare al suo posto un elemento di sicuro affidamento; ecco spiegato l’arrivo improvviso del papa “venuto dalla fine del mondo”.

Da allora, colui che ha voluto presentarsi come semplice “vescovo di Roma” (tanto per sminuire subito la figura del pontefice nella sua autorità)  ha iniziato la sua opera di completamento della cancellazione del cattolicesimo dalla faccia della terra, lavorando a spron battuto, come un rullo compressore (usando ed abusando dell’autorità papale).
Niente benedizioni della folla, con la scusa del rispetto dei non credenti, rinnegamento dell’evangelizzazione, presentata come coercizione della libertà di coscienza, incredibile affermazione di “io non sono cattolico, la Chiesa non è cattolica, Dio non è cattolico”, siamo tutti figli di Dio (mica lo si diventa più mediante il santo battesimo), abbiamo tutti lo stesso Dio, specialmente  musulmani, ebrei e cristiani; smantellamento rapido dei sacramenti (tre in un sol colpo, con l’ambigua Amoris Laetitia, cioè confessione, ordine  sacro e matrimonio), intercomunione con i protestanti e abolizione della Presenza Reale, della devozione alla Madonna ed ai santi, lodi sperticate di Martin Lutero, dicendo che lui aveva ragione e la Chiesa di San Pio V, della Controriforma, aveva torto;  richieste di perdono e mano tesa per formare una megareligione cristiana, ovviamente rinunciando a tutto ciò che i Protestanti hanno sempre odiato : autorità del Papa, Messa cattolica (via la Presenza Reale di Cristo nell’Eucarestia), sacramenti : non c’è bisogno di confessione, pentimento, cambiamento di vita, così come non c’è alcun bisogno delle buone opere per andare in Paradiso,  siamo già tutti salvi per il solo fatto che Cristo è morto in croce per noi (teoria della giustificazione, fatta propria da Bergoglio); quindi pecchiamo pure a più non posso, anzi più pecchiamo e meglio è (pecca fortiter, sed fortius crede, diceva Lutero, e infatti lui dava l’esempio, se la faceva con le suore, si ubriacava, gozzovigliava, era entrato in convento per sfuggire al braccio secolare, avendo commesso un omicidio, infine morì suicida, impiccandosi).

Purtroppo per Bergoglio (e per i suoi mandanti massoni) gli Ortodossi non ne vogliono sapere di questa ammucchiata con i Protestanti ed i papisti: loro sono ben attaccati alle loro tradizioni, alla loro civiltà e, supportati dal bravo Putin, fanno muro contro lo strapotere della massoneria, al governo in Occidente, sia a livello politico che ecclesiastico. In alcune apparizioni recenti la Madonna ci ha fatto sapere che saranno proprio la Russia e la Polonia a salvare il Cristianesimo dall’attacco di Lucifero, portato fino ai vertici della Chiesa ormai da un sessantennio.

Ma l’opera del falso papa sedente in Vaticano è risultata utile anche per il raggiungimento di un altro obiettivo della massoneria internazionale: l’invasione dell’Europa ad opera di grandi masse di islamici afroasiatici, al fine di creare un meticciato europeo senza più radici né identità nazionali, culturali e religiose, un serbatoio di manodopera a basso costo, servizievole ed ubbidiente.
Ecco cosa si celava dietro all’ipocrita grido di “Vergogna!” lanciato da Bergoglio a Pantelleria tempo fa. Il bello, o meglio il brutto, è che alla realizzazione di questo disegno stiano dando la propria fattiva collaborazione le forze di sinistra, fino a qualche tempo fa dedite alla salvaguardia dei diritti dei lavoratori ed ora dedite invece all’affossamento dello stato sociale, a tutto vantaggio delle masse di clandestini che vanno a recuperare sulle coste africane, d’intesa con le ONG che lucrano su questo moderno commercio di schiavi (ed i preti probabilmente ci lucrano anch’essi).

Le élites massoniche che oramai governano (più o meno occultamente) mezzo mondo, controllando anche gli organismi sovranazionali (ONU, OMS, FAO, Unesco, Banca Mondiale, UE, ecc.) tentano di abbattere i governi che si oppongono al loro disegno infernale: con i paesi del terzo mondo ricorrono al ricatto economico-sociale (taglio degli aiuti se non si adottano le leggi a favore degli omosessuali, se non si introduce l’aborto come mezzo di controllo della popolazione, ecc.), oppure alle c.d. “primavere arabe”, cioè guerre provocate  diffondendo menzogne e diffamazione per sostituire governi legittimi con movimenti estremisti, integralisti e violenti; con i paesi civilizzati ricorrono a crisi economico-finanziarie pilotate ad arte per far cadere governi non graditi (caso di Berlusconi nel 2011, e caso attuale contro il governo Salvini-Di Maio), pressioni internazionali, embarghi, veti, demonizzazione dei governanti (come stanno facendo con Putin da anni, ormai) oppure a rivolte montate ad arte, come quelle in Ucraina, per provocare la Russia e spingerla a reagire, avendo così la scusa per innescare una guerra contro quel Paese.

Nei paesi dove governano, o dove hanno governato fino a poco tempo fa (UE e  USA, rispettivamente) hanno fatto e stanno facendo di tutto per diffondere ed imporre le tendenze omosessuali, i matrimoni omosessuali (maschi con maschi e femmine con femmine), la pratica dell’utero in affitto, la teoria del gender (avendo da decenni “portato a casa” divorzio ed aborto), facendo forti pressioni anche sulla Chiesa al fine di ottenere il suo appoggio (Bergoglio che elogia Pannella e la Bonino, indicandoli come esempio di virtù civili italiane, alti prelati dichiaratamente omosessuali o promotori del variegato mondo LGBT promossi ad alte cariche vaticane).
Un’azione tesa alla distruzione della famiglia e dell’ordine naturale (uomo e donna Dio li creò…) per arrivare ad una nuova civiltà umana di decerebrati manovrabili a proprio piacimento.

Per il raggiungimento di quest’ultimo obiettivo le lobbies massoniche utilizzano i mezzi di comunicazione di massa come strumento di persuasione occulta, di manipolazione delle menti, con la tecnica della cd “finestra di Overton” o della rana bollita, per far accettare concetti e comportamenti ritenuti  improponibili e inaccettabili fino a pochi anni or sono (sdoganamento dell’omosessualità, matrimoni gay, adozioni gay, teoria del gender pervertitrice dell’infanzia innocente, protestantizzazione delle masse cattoliche con l’elogio sperticato di Lutero e delle sue eresie, parificazione del cristianesimo alle altre religioni, autodemolizione della Chiesa Cattolica dei secoli passati, dichiarandola colpevole di ogni possibile misfatto e facendo passare l’attività missionaria come una coercizione della libertà dei popoli evangelizzati in duemila anni). 

di Catholicus



http://www.unavox.it/ArtDiversi/DIV2540_Catholicus_Dittatura_massonica.html

          In Light of Amazon's New Series The Romanoffs, Let's Revisit the Legend of Anastasia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

This Summer, Amazon announced an exciting new original series that would air in Fall 2018. The show is called The Romanoffs and is utterly shrouded in mystery. So far, details about the project are scarce, and the first teaser is more of a cast announcement than anything else. (For the record, the cast is very big and exciting!) Although there is quite a bit to excavate in the coming months, we do have one piece of intel pertaining to the new series: though it's spelled differently, the show is related to the famous 17th-century imperial family of Russia, the Romanovs. Perhaps more intriguing is that the show will focus on the modern age, telling tales of people who claim to be descendants of the slain family.

This phenomenon, if you're not familiar, stems from one of the greatest mysteries of the 20th century: the disappearance of Princess Anastasia. Seeing as the concept of the show stems from this enduring myth - we assume one of the anthology episodes will tell of a woman claiming to be the lost royal - we thought we'd tell the tale that kept scientists, historians, and royal enthusiasts befuddled for nearly a century.


          L’individuo di fronte alla legge morale      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
La pena di mortedi Romano Amerio 



187 – La pena di morte.

Vi sono delle istituzioni della società che derivano dai principii del diritto naturale e che come tali godono in varie forme di perpetuità: tali sono lo Stato, la famiglia, il sacerdozio; e ve ne sono di quelle che, partorite da un certo grado di riflessione su quei principii e da circostanze storiche, devono cadere quando la riflessione passi a un grado ulteriore o quelle circostanze cessino: tale, per esempio, la schiavitù.
La pena di morte fu sino a tempi recenti e giustificata teoreticamente e praticata in tutte le nazioni come l’estrema sanzione con cui la società percuote il malvagio col triplice scopo di riparare l’ordine della giustizia, di difendersi e di distogliere altrui dal delitto.
La legittimità della pena capitale è fondata su due proposizioni.
Prima: la società ha diritto di difendersi; seconda: la difesa importa tutti messi necessari alla difesa. La pena capitale è dunque contenuta nella seconda proposizione a condizione che il togliere la vita a un membro dell’organismo sociale risulti necessario alla conservazione della totalità.

La crescente disposizione dei contemporanei alla mitigazione delle pene è per un canto un effetto degli spiriti di clemenza e di mansuetudine proprii del Vangelo, contraddetti per secoli da efferati costumi giudiziari. E’ bensì vero che l’orrore del sangue, per una contraddizione che qui non importa indagare, perseverò nella Chiesa. Conviene infatti ricordare che non pure il carnefice era dal diritto canonico colpito di irregolarità, ma persino il giudice che condanna a morte iuxta ordinem iuris e persino chi perora e chi testimonia in una causa capitale, se ne segua un’uccisione,

La controversia non verte sul diritto della società a difendersi, che è l’inattaccabile premessa maggiore del sillogismo penale, bensì sulla necessità di togliere di mezzo l’offensore per difendersene, che ne è la minore.
La dottrina tradizionale da sant’Agostino a san Tommaso e al Taparelli d’Azeglio è che il giudizio circa la necessità, la quale condiziona la legittimità della pena, sia un giudizio storico e variabile a seconda del grado di unità morale della comunità politica e secondo la maggiore o minore forza che il bene comune consociante deve esplicare contro l’individualismo disgregante. Anche i sistemi di abolizione della pena capitale, a cominciare dal Beccaria, posta la maggiore del sillogismo, danno alla minore carattere puramente storico, perché ammettono in dati frangenti (la guerra per esempio) la soppressione dell’infrattore. Anche la Svizzera durante l’ultima grande guerra condannò a morte per fucilazione diciassette persone colpevoli di alto tradimento.

188. L’opposizione alla pena capitale.

L’opposizione alla pena capitale (1) può nascere da due motivi eterogenei e incompatibili e conviene giudicarla dagli aforismi morali da cui procede.
Può infatti sorgere dall’esecrazione del delitto congiunta con la commiserazione per l’infermità umana e con il senso della libertà dell’uomo, capace finché dura la vita mortale di risorgere da ogni caduta.
Può però anche derivare dal concetto dell’inviolabilità della persona in quanto soggetto protagonista della vita mondana, prendendosi l’esistenza mortale come un fine in sé che non può essere tolto senza violare il destino dell’uomo. Questo secondo modo di rigettare la pena di morte, benché si riguardi da molti come religioso, è in realtà irreligioso. Dimentica infatti che per la religione la vita non ha ragion di fine ma di mezzo al fine morale della vita, che trapassa tutto l’ordine dei subordinati valori mondani.
Perciò togliere la vita non equivale punto a togliere all’uomo definitivamente il fine trascendente per cui è nato e che ne costituisce la dignità. L’uomo può «propter vitam vivendiperdere causas», cioè rendersi indegno della vita perché prende la vita come quel medesimo valore a cui invece essa serve. Per questa ragione vi è in quel motivo un sofisma implicito, che cioè l’uomo e in concreto lo Stato abbia il potere, uccidendo il delinquente, di troncargli il destino, di sottrargli il fine ultimo, di togliergli la possibilità di adempiere il suo officio di uomo.
Il contrario è vero. Al condannato a morte si può troncare l’esistenza, non però togliergli il suo fine.
Le società che negano la vita futura e pongono come massima il diritto alla felicità nel mondo di qua devono rifuggire dalla pena di morte come da un’ingiustizia che spegne nell’uomo la facoltà di felicitarsi.
Ed è un paradosso vero, verissimo che gli impugnatori della pena capitale stanno per lo Stato totalitario, giacché gli attribuiscono un potere molto maggiore che non abbia, anzi un potere supremo: quello di troncare il destino di un uomo (2). Non potendo la morte irrogata da uomini a uomini pregiudicare né al destino morale né alla dignità umana, tanto meno può impedire e pregiudicare alla giustizia divina la quale fa giudizio di tutti i giudizi.
Il senso del motto che stava sulla spada del boia di Friburgo: «Seigneur Dieutu est le  juge» non è l’identificazione della giustizia umana con la divina, ma al contrario riconoscimento di quella suprema giustizia che giudica tutte le nostre giustizie.

Si oppone ancora l’inefficacia della pena capitale a distogliere dal delitto e si reca in suffragio la celebre sentenza di Cesare che nel processo ai Catilinari diceva minor male la morte, fine dell’infamia e della miseria dello scellerato, che non il durare di lui nell’infamia e nella miseria. Ma l’obiezione è confutata dal sentimento universale, che ha ispirato l’istituto giuridico della grazia, nonché dal fatto che gli scellerati medesimi si stringono talora con patti sigillati dalla morte in caso di fedifragio.
Essi confermano con una testimonianza competente l’efficacia dissuasiva della pena capitale.

189. Variazione dottrinale nella Chiesa.

Anche nella teologia penale si delinea nella Chiesa una variazione importante.
Citeremo soltanto documenti dell’episcopato francese che sosteneva nel 1979 doversi in Francia abolire la pena di morte come incompatibile col Vangelo; quelli dei vescovi canadesi e nordamericani, nonché gli articoli di OR, 22 gennaio 1977 e 6 settembre 1978, che perorano l’abolizione della pena di morte come lesiva della dignità umana e contraria al Vangelo.

Quanto all’ultimo argomento è da osservare che, senza accogliere, anzi respingendo la celebrazione della pena capitale fatta da Baudelaire come di un atto altamente sacro e religioso, non si può d’un tratto cancellare la legislazione del Vecchio Testamento che è una legislazione di sangue. Non si può similmente cancellare d’un tratto non dico la legislazione canonica, ma l’insegnamento stesso del Nuovo Testamento.
So bene che il luogo tipico di Rom., 13, 4 che dà il ius gladii ai prìncipi e li chiama ministri di Dio per castigare i malvagi, viene, secondo i canoni ermeneutici dei neoterici, svigorito come espressione di una condizione storica trapassata. Però, nel discorso del 5 febbraio 1955 ai giuristi cattolici Pio XII ha rigettato esplicitamente tale interpretazione sostenendo che quel versicolo ha un valore durevole e generale giacché si riferisce al fondamento essenziale del potere penale e della sua finalità immanente.
Inoltre nel Vangelo il Cristo permette per indiretto la pena capitale, giacché egli dice esser meglio per l’uomo venir dannato a morte per affogamento che far peccato di scandalo (Matth., 18, 6). E in Act., 5, 1-11 appare che la pena di morte non aborrì la comunità cristiana primitiva, poiché i coniugi Anania e Saffira, rei di frode e di menzogna ai danni dei fratelli, comparsi davanti a san Pietro ne furono colpiti. Sappiamo dai commenti biblici che tale condanna fu tacciata di crudeltà dai nemici contemporanei del cristianesimo.

La variazione operata si palesa su due punti.
Nella nuova teologia penale non si fa alcuna considerazione di giustizia e tutta la questione gira sull’utilità della pena e sull’idoneità di essa a recuperare, come si dice, il reo alla società. Qui il pensiero neoterico si ricongiunge, come in altri punti, all’utilismo della filosofia giacobina.
L’individuo è essenzialmente indipendente e lo Stato può difendersi dal delinquente, ma non castigarlo perché abbia infranto la legge morale, cioè perché sia moralmente colpevole. Tale incolpevolezza del reo si trasfonde poi in una minore considerazione della vittima e perfino in una preferenza accordata al reo sopra l’innocente. In Isvezia l’ex-detenuto è privilegiato nei concorsi a pubblici impieghi in confronto al cittadino incensurato. La considerazione della vittima eclissa davanti alla misericordia per il malvagio. L’assassino Buffet salendo alla ghigliottina grida la sua speranza «di essere l’ultimo ghigliottinato di Francia». Doveva gridare quella di essere l’ultimo assassino.
La pena del delitto sembra più detestabile del delitto e la vittima cade nell’oblìo.
La restaurazione dell’ordine morale violato con la colpa viene rifiutata come atto di vendetta. Eppure essa è un’esigenza di giustizia che si deve perseguire anche se non si può annullare il male preterito e se è impossibile l’emendamento del reo.
Lasciamo di rilevare che questo ferisce il concetto medesimo della giustizia divina la quale percuote di pena i dannati fuori di ogni speranza o possibilità di ravvedimento. Ma il concetto stesso di redenzione del reo è ridotto a una mutazione di ordine sociale. Secondo OR del 6 settembre 1978, la redenzione è «la consapevolezza di tornare a rendersi utile ai fratelli» e non già, come vuole il sistema cattolico, la detestazione della colpa e il raddrizzamento della volontà ricondotta alla conformità con l’assoluto della legge morale.

E quando poi si argomenta non potersi troncare la vita di un uomo perché gli si sottrarrebbe la possibilità dell’espiazione, si neglige la gran verità che la pena capitale medesima è un’espiazione.
Certo nella religione dell’uomo espiazione è primariamente il convertirsi dell’uomo agli uomini. Bisogna quindi concedere il tempo a questa conversione e non abbreviarlo. Nella religione di Dio espiazione è primariamente invece il riconoscimento della maestà e signoria divina la quale, conformemente al principio della puntualità della vita morale, si deve riconoscere in ogni momento, e si può.

L’OR, 22 gennaio 1977, combattendo la pena di morte, scrive che al delinquente «la comunità deve concedere la possibilità di purificarsi, di espiare la colpa, di riscattarsi dal male mentre l’estremo supplizio non la concede».
Così scrivendo il giornale nega il valore espiatorio della morte che nella natura mortale è sommo, come sommo (nella relatività dei beni del mondo di sotto) è il bene della vita al cui sacrificio consente chi espia. D’altronde l’espiazione del Cristo innocente per i peccati dell’uomo è connessa con una condanna a morte.
Non sono inoltre da dimenticare le conversioni di giustiziati operate da san Giuseppe Cafasso e anche soltanto alcune lettere di condannati a morte della Resistenza (3). L’estremo supplizio, grazie anche al ministero del sacerdote che si mette tra il giudice e il carnefice, diede luogo sovente a mirabili cangiamenti morali, da quello di Niccolò di Tuldo, confortato da Caterina da Siena, che ne lasciò il ragguaglio in una lettera famosa, a quello di Felice Robol, assistito sul patibolo da Antonio Rosmini (4), da quello di Martin Merino che attentò nel 1852 alla regina di Spagna, a quello a noi contemporaneo di Jacques Fesch, ghigliottinato nel 1957, le cui lettere dal carcere sono un testimonio commovente di una perfezione spirituale di predestinato (5).

L’aspetto dunque più irreligioso della dottrina che respinge la pena capitale risalta nel rifiuto del suo valore espiatorio il quale nella veduta religiosa è invece massimo perché include il supremo consenso alla privazione suprema nell’ordine dei beni mondani.
Calza a questo proposito la sentenza di san Tommaso secondo il quale la condanna capitale cancella oltre che ogni debito di pena dovuta per il delitto all’umano consorzio, persino ogni debito di pena nell’altra vita. Giova riferire le parole precise “Mors illata etiam pro criminibus aufert totam poenam pro criminibus debitam in alia vita vel partem poenae secundum quantitatem culpae, patientiae et contritionis, non autem mors naturalis» (6).
La forza morale della volontà espiante spiega anche l’infaticabile sollecitudine con cui la Compagnia di S. Giovanni Decollato, che accompagna al supplizio i condannati, moltiplicava le suggestioni, le istanze, gli aiuti per procurare di muovere al consenso e all’accettazione l’animo del morituro e così far che morisse, come dicevasi, in grazia di Dio (7).


190. Inviolabilità della vita. Essenza della dignità umana. Pio XII.

L’argomento precipuo della nuova teologia penale rimane però quello dell’inviolabile e imprescrittibile diritto alla vita che resterebbe offeso quando lo Stato irroga la pena capitale.
«Alla coscienza moderna» dice il citato articolo «aperta e sensibile ai valori dell’uomo, alla sua centralità e al suo primato nell’universo, alla sua dignità e ai suoi diritti inviolabili e inalienabili la pena di morte ripugna come un provvedimento antiumano e barbaro».
A questo testo che riunisce tutti i motivi dell’abolizionismo conviene anzitutto fare una chiosa di fatto. L’accenno dell’OR alla «coscienza moderna» è consimile alla premessa del documento dei vescovi francesi, secondo i quali «le refus de la peine de mort correspond chez nos contemporains à un progrès accompli dans le respect de la vie humaine». Ma tale asserto nasce da propensione viziosa della mente a compiacersi delle idee piacenti e a foggiare le idee sul desiderio, giacché gli atroci sterminii di innocenti perpetrati in Germania nazista e in Russia sovietica, la diffusa violenza contro le persone usata come strumento ordinario da governi dispotici, la legittimazione e persino l’obbligatorietà dell’aborto trapassate in legge, l’incrudelire della delinquenza e del terrorismo malamente raffrenati dai governi, infliggono una cruda smentita all’asserto irrealistico.

Della centralità assiologia dell’uomo nell’universo diremo ai §§ 205-10. In generale nel discorso sulla pena di morte vien trascurata la distinzione tra lo stato di diritto dell’uomo innocente e quello dell’uomo colpevole. Si considera il diritto alla vita come inerente alla pura esistenza dell’uomo, mentre esso deriva dal fine morale di lui. La dignità dell’uomo ha origine nella sua ordinazione a valori che trascendono la vita temporale e questa destinazione è segnata nello spirito come immagine di Dio.
Benché sia assoluta quella destinazione e indelebile quell’immagine, la libertà dell’uomo fa che egli colla colpa discenda da quella dignità e travisi da quel finalismo. La base del diritto penale è appunto la diminuzione assiologia del soggetto che viola l’ordine morale e che suscita con la colpa l’azione coattiva della società per riordinare il disordine.
Quelli che all’azione coattiva danno per motivo soltanto il danno inferto alla società, levano ogni carattere etico al diritto e ne fanno una cautela contro il danneggiatore, indistinto se libero o necessitato, se razionale o irrazionale. L’equazione penale nel sistema cattolico, fa che, al delitto, con cui il delinquente è venuto ricercando una soddisfazione in dispregio del comandamento morale, risponda una diminuzione di bene, di godimento, di soddisfazione.
Fuori di questo contrappasso morale la pena diviene una reazione puramente utilistica che neglige appunto la dignità dell’uomo e riporta la giustizia a un ordine tutto materiale, come fu in Grecia, quando al tribunale del Pritanèo si recavano e si condannavano i sassi, i legni, i bruti che avessero cagionato qualche danno.
La dignità umana è invece un carattere impresso naturalmente nella creatura razionale ma si fa cosciente ed elicito nelle mosse della volontà buona o malvagia e cresce o decresce in quest’ordine. Né alcuno vorrà mai pareggiare in dignità umana l’ebreo di Auschwitz al suo carnefice Eichmann o Caterina da Siena a Taide.
La dignità umana non può scemare mai per fatti che non siano morali e, contrariamente al sentimento divenuto comune, non è dal grado di partecipazione ai benefici del progresso tecnologico che si misura la dignità umana, non cioè dalla aliquota di beni economici, né dal grado di alfabetizzazione, né dalla cresciuta cura della salute, né dalla distribuzione abbondante delle cose gradevoli dell’esistenza, né dalla debellazione dei morbi.
Non si confondano la dignità umana, che è un attributo morale, e l’aumento delle utilità che compete anche all’uomo indegno.

La pena di morte e ogni pena, se non si degradano a pura difesa e quasi a mattazione selettiva, suppongono sempre una diminuzione morale nella persona che ne vien colpita: non si ha dunque lesione di un diritto inviolabile e imprescindibile. Non è che la società privi il reo di un diritto ma, come insegnò Pio XII nel discorso del 14 settembre 1952 ai neurologi, «même quand il s’agit de l’exécution d’un condamné à mort l’Etat ne dispone pas du droit de l’individu à la vie. Il est réservé alors au pouvoir public de priver le condamné du bien de la vie en expiation de sa faute aprés que par son crime il s’est déja dépossedé de son droit a la vie (AAS, 1952, pp. 779 sgg.).

E che il diritto alla vita che è inviolabile nell’innocente, non lo sia nel reo, che l’ha scemato in sé stesso con la depravazione della volontà, appare anche se si riguardi il parallelo diritto alla libertà: esso pure è innato, inviolabile e imprescrittibile: tuttavia il diritto penale riconosce legittima la privazione anche perpetua della libertà per sanzione del delitto e il costume di tutte le nazioni la pratica.
Non c’è dunque diritto incondizionato ad alcuno dei beni della vita temporale, e l’unico diritto veramente inviolabile è quello del fine ultimo, cioè alla verità, alla virtù e alla felicità e ai mezzi necessari. Questo diritto non è toccato nemmeno dalla pena di morte.

In conclusione la pena capitale, anzi ogni pena, è illegittima se si pone l’indipendenza dell’individuo di fronte alla legge morale, mediante la morale soggettiva, e di fronte alla legge civile come conseguenza di quella prima indipendenza.
La pena capitale diventa barbara in una società sreligiosata che, chiusa nell’orizzonte terrestre, non ha diritto di privare l’uomo di un bene che è per lui tutto il bene.

NOTE

1 – Tale opposizione è divenuta quasi generale e la pena capitale è riguardata di per sé come un’ingiustizia. Molti Stati membri del Consiglio d’Europa hanno firmato nel 1983 un protocollo addizionale alla Convenzione europea dei diritti dell’uomo con cui si obbligano ad abolire nelle loro leggi la pena di morte (RI, 1983, p. 1077).
2 – E’ dunque falso l’asserto di suor Angela Corradi, apostola dei carcerati, al Meeting di Rimini (OR, 25 agosto 1983): il carcere sarebbe l’occasione per «schiacciare definitivamente» un uomo. Secondo la religione è impossibile all’uomo schiacciare definitivamente un uomo.
3 – Lettere di condannati a morte della Resistenza europea, Torino 1975.
4 – Il discorso che il Rosmini disse sul palco della giustizia a Rovereto di Trento si legge in Opere, Milano 1846, vol. XXVII, pp. 132-84.
5 – Furono pubblicate da A. M. Lemonnier con il titolo Lumière sur l’échafaud, Paris 1971.
6 – Summa theol., alla voce mors (ed Torino 1926). «La morte inflitta come pena per i delitti leva tutta la pena dovuta per i delitti nell’altra vita, o per lo meno parte della pena in proporzione della colpa, del pentimento e della contrizione. La morte naturale invece non la leva».
7 – Sommamente rivelatore è al proposito quel che si legge nelle Relazioni della Compagnia di S. Giovanni Decollato di Roma sotto il giovedì 16 febbraio 1600, circa il supplizio di Giordano Bruno. Gli furono accostati ben sette confessori, domenicani, gesuiti, dell’Oratorio e di S. Gerolamo affinché dove non riuscisse la spiritualità di un genere, avesse per avventura accoglienza quella di un altro. V. Spampanato, Documenti della vita di Giordano Bruno, Firenze 1933, p. 197. A questo proposito si veda il libro di V. Paglia, La morte confortata, Roma 1982, specialmente il cap. VII, La morte del condannato esempio della morte cristiana.



Tratto da Iota Unum, Torino, Lindau, 2009, Cap. XXVI, pp. 391-400

http://www.lindau.it/ita/Libri/Iota-unum


http://www.unavox.it/ArtDiversi/DIV2548_Amerio_La_pena_di_morte.html

Il sì della dottrina cattolica alla pena di morte
   
Testo di anonimo raccolto a cura di Piergiorgio Seveso

Pubblicato su Radio Spada

L'immagine e l'impaginazione sono nostre






Un tema abbastanza discusso (e quantomai controverso) da diversi circoli e associazioni ai giorni nostri è quello della pena capitale, ormai praticamente scomparsa in Europa ma ancora praticata in paesi come Usa e Cina.

Stando a quello che dicono i benpensanti nostrani e non, essa sarebbe un abominio e una gravissima violazione dei cosiddetti diritti umani sia che venga messa in atto in uno stato democratico che in uno stato dittatoriale, ma non manca anche una fetta di popolazione dalle tendenze alquanto forcaiole che vorrebbe vedere pendagli da forca ad ogni angolo della strada come soluzione alla criminalità.

Onde evitare l’eccesso per difetto (abolizionismo totale) e quello per eccesso (forcaiolismo), va tenuto come punto fisso il magistero della Chiesa riguardante questo argomento. San Tommaso d’Aquino, parlando di questo tema, disse che
Come è lecito, anzi doveroso, estirpare un membro malato per salvare tutto il corpo, così quando una persona è divenuta un pericolo per la comunità o è causa di corruzione degli altri, essa viene eliminata per garantire la salvezza della comunità.” (Somma Teologica, II-II, q. 29, artt. 37-42) 
e che
Siccome alcuni disprezzano le punizioni inflitte da Dio, perché, essendo dediti alle cose sensibili, badano soltanto alle cose che vedono, la Divina Provvidenza ha ordinato che ci siano sulla terra degli uomini che con pene sensibili e presenti obblighino costoro ad osservare la giustizia. Ora, è evidente che tali persone non peccano quando puniscono i malvagi” (G. C., III, C. 146, Q. De Caritate, 2, a. 8, 10 um.).

In linea con quanto affermato dal Dottore Angelico, il Catechismo del Concilio di Trento afferma:
Altra categoria di uccisioni permessa è quella che rientra nei poteri di quei magistrati, i quali hanno facoltà di condannare a morte. Tale facoltà, esercitata secondo le norme legali, serve a reprimere i facinorosi e a difendere gli innocenti. Applicando tale facoltà, i magistrati non solamente non sono rei di omicidio, ma, al contrario, obbediscono in una maniera superiore alla Legge divina, che vieta di uccidere, poiché il fine della legge è la tutela della vita e della tranquillità umana. Ora, le decisioni dei magistrati, legittimi vendicatori dei misfatti, mirano appunto a garantire la tranquillità della vita civile, mediante la repressione punitiva dell’audacia e della delinquenza.” (Catechismo Tridentino, parte terza, punto 328).

Analoghe considerazioni verranno successivamente fatte nel Catechismo Maggiore promulgato da Papa San Pio X:
413. Vi sono dei casi nei quali sia lecito uccidere il prossimo?
È lecito uccidere il prossimo quando si combatte in una guerra giusta, quando si eseguisce per ordine dell’autorità suprema la condanna di morte in pena di qualche delitto; e finalmente quando trattasi di necessaria e legittima difesa della vita contro un ingiusto aggressore.  (Catechismo Maggiore, parte terza, punto 413).

e nell’attuale Catechismo della Chiesa Cattolica del beato Giovanni Paolo II:
2267L’insegnamento tradizionale della Chiesa non esclude, supposto il pieno accertamento dell’identità e della responsabilità del colpevole, il ricorso alla pena di morte, quando questa fosse l’unica via praticabile per difendere efficacemente dall’aggressore ingiusto la vita di esseri umani.” (Catechismo della Chiesa Cattolica, punto 2267)

Alcuni potranno obiettare che la pena di morte sia un concetto veterotestamentario, legato ad usi e consuetudini ebraiche superate dalla venuta al mondo di Cristo, e ad essi risponderei con le parole di padre E. Zoffoli espresse nel suo scritto “Pena di Morte e Chiesa Cattolica”:
Tutti gli esegeti convengono che nel Nuovo Testamento non c’è un solo cenno che abroghi la Legge Antica al riguardo della pena di morte”.

Insomma, come indirettamente ci insegna San Paolo di Tarso in Rom., 13; 3-4:
 […] i magistrati non son di spavento alle opere buone, ma alle cattive. Vuoi tu non aver paura dell’autorità? Fa’ quel ch’è bene, e avrai lode da essa; perché il magistrato è un ministro di Dio per il tuo bene; ma se fai quel ch’è male, temi, perché egli non porta la spada invano; poich’egli è un ministro di Dio, per infliggere una giusta punizione contro colui che fa il male

Non dobbiamo confondere la mitezza e la bontà evangelica con il buonismo di chi spesso e volentieri non riesce ad abbandonare una sua certa arrendevolezza e passività nei confronti di chi fa il male.

Una comunità, una società di cittadini, uno Stato, come persona giuridica perfetta depositaria del diritto e della forza, esercitando il diritto di difendersi e difendere i propri membri anche attraverso la pena capitale, riafferma il supremo valore della convivenza umana, negato dall’atto del criminale, ridona fiducia ai cittadini, dissuade i buoni dal farsi giustizia da soli, riconosce anche assiologicamente il supremo valore della libertà e della dignità umana che è essenzialmente RESPONSABILITA’ (in questo caso nel reo). L’elemento rieducativo della pena (che è, ed è bene ricordarlo, CASTIGO per essenza, rieducazione per accidens) non è negato nemmeno dalla pena di morte. I rei, posti innanzi al patibolo, sono di fronte al grande mistero della morte (che l’abitudinario e comodo ergastolo nemmeno lontanamente riesce a suscitare). I loro delitti, le loro vittime, li interrogano e li incalzano: spetta alla loro coscienza rispondere in quel momento.

Il pericolo dell’errore giudiziario (la gran cassa sfondata dell’orchestrina abolizionista) non può inibire l’utilizzo della pena di morte, come il pericolo dell’errore non può inibire l’utilizzo della chirurgia in medicina: i giudici giudichino con ponderazione, imparzialità e prudenza (ovviamente nei casi dubbi), prima di sanzionare con una pena tanto grave.
E comunque “abusum non tollit usum”. Lo stesso “Non uccidere” biblico va inteso ed è sempre stato inteso come “Non uccidere l’innocente”: non esclude assolutamente quindi l’uccidere l’aggressore per legittima difesa, l’uccidere l’avversario nell’esercizio di una guerra giusta, l’uccidere un colpevole da parte di una comunità statuale, dopo un adeguato procedimento giudiziario.


Quindi la pena di morte non è omicidio ma RISTABILIMENTO di un ordine naturale violato: non ha quindi ragioni utilitaristiche ma eminentemente morali.
Papa Pio XII, in un’allocuzione del 14 settembre 1952 che è naturalmente parte del MAGISTERO PONTIFICIO, riconfermando la dottrina e la prassi millenaria della Chiesa cattolica sull’argomento ebbe ad affermare:
E’ riservato al pubblico potere privare il condannato del bene della vita, in espiazione del suo fallo dopo che col suo crimine, si è SPOGLIATO del diritto alla vita.”
http://www.unavox.it/ArtDiversi/DIV2545_Anonimo_Dottrina_cattolica_si_pena_di_morte.html
STORIA
Pena di morte, la lezione della Grande Guerra
ECCLESIA08-08-2018
 Fucilazione di un disertore nella Grande Guerra
Il cambiamento del testo sulla pena di morte nel Catechismo, voluto da Papa Francesco, esclude in modo definitivo anche quei casi-limite che, nella versione precedente, erano più o meno implicitamente contemplati. Se è pur vero che le moderne società occidentali possono tutelare il bene comune imprigionando i delinquenti in carceri ben munite, non è detto, infatti, che questo possa essere garantito in migliaia di zone disastrate e poco civilizzate sparse in tutto il mondo dove le strutture di detenzione sono spesso in condizioni precarie.
Ancora, chi ci dice che un domani il mondo non possa precipitare in un nuovo terribile conflitto armato, con la legge marziale che, da sempre, vi si associa?

Rammentiamo innanzitutto un principio di morale naturale: esiste un dovere etico di difendere la propria Patria. Per alcuni questo significa imbracciare un fucile e quindi esporsi al rischio di morire. Il venir meno a questo dovere può comportare da parte dello Stato una risposta sanzionatoria, la quale per essere giusta, tra le altre condizioni, deve tenere in conto della qualità del bene violato o  messo in pericolo a causa dell’omissione del dovere (funzione retributiva). Nei conflitti armati ciò può significare la perdita ingentissima di vite umane innocenti e dunque la pena di morte potrebbe avere una sua giustificazione.

Altra condizione perché la pena sia giusta è quella che fa riferimento alla funzione dissuasiva. Se la storia è maestra di vita, a cento anni dalla fine della Grande Guerra, vale la pena approfondire lo spirito che animò una delle scelte più dolorose e drastiche riguardanti la disciplina militare. Pochi ricordano che in Italia, se la pena di morte è stata abolita nel lontano 1948, essa è stata abrogata nel Codice penale militare di guerra solo nel 1994.

È passato quasi mezzo secolo fra i due provvedimenti per via di una circostanza piuttosto ovvia: il soldato che combatte al fronte è a rischio della vita. Se la sua eventuale diserzione o ammutinamento vengono puniti con il carcere, questo equivale a garantirgli la certezza della sopravvivenza. Qualsiasi pena detentiva diviene, quindi, in tal caso, un beneficio vero e proprio. Viene così meno il principio di deterrenza per atti che, in guerra, mettono in enorme pericolo la salvezza non solo dell’esercito, ma anche dell’intera comunità. Basti pensare a come finirono la Russia zarista o l’Impero austroungarico, crollati proprio a causa degli ammutinamenti. Si ricordi che a Caporetto la II Armata fu spazzata via anche a causa del disfattismo e delle idee pacifiste-socialiste che vi erano penetrate sobillando i militari alla diserzione e alla ribellione.

“Si sta come d'autunno sugli alberi le foglie” scriveva Ungaretti.  Come noto, nel ’15-‘18 la vita al fronte era così precaria che i soldati meno coraggiosi, oltre a darsi alla macchia, erano soliti compiere atti di autolesionismo, sparandosi sugli arti, o provocandosi infezioni. Il carcere, il manicomio, l’ospedale, i lavori forzati, tutto sarebbe stato preferibile pur di portare la pelle a casa.

Per imporre la massima deterrenza verso tali fenomeni, da millenni, negli eserciti di tutto il mondo al soldato vile o insubordinato si è sempre garantita la certezza della morte. Terribile, certo, ma essenziale per la sopravvivenza della collettività.  

E’ molto difficile ammetterlo, ma la Grande Guerra fu vinta dal nostro Paese anche grazie a una disciplina inflessibile. Non è affatto vero che questa fu una caratteristica solo italiana dovuta al “dispotico sadismo del cattolicissimo generale Luigi Cadorna”, come diffuso da certa propaganda, in primis perché tale prassi era in uso in tutti gli eserciti belligeranti, in secundis perché sotto il comando del suo successore, il generale Armando Diaz, le condanne a morte non solo non diminuirono, ma furono proporzionalmente superiori a quelle comminate sotto Cadorna.

In Italia sono documentate 750 condanne alla fucilazione, eseguite dopo regolare processo, relativamente poche se raffrontate con i numeri del Regio esercito, composto da ben 5 milioni di uomini in armi. Per quanto possa essere politicamente scorretto ammetterlo, non si può negare che la pena capitale sia stata un male necessario che ha salvato un intero esercito e un intero Paese. Una triste sorte per pochi, un bene per molti.

Dopo il crollo del Muro di Berlino, lo Stato italiano, laico, ha deciso di stralciare la pena di morte dal Codice penale militare con un provvedimento che potrebbe anche essere reversibile in caso di una nuova guerra mondiale, così come la politica si adegua sempre alle necessità che via via si presentano.

Tuttavia, ci si aspetta che il Catechismo dia indicazioni al di là del tempo e della situazione geopolitica contingente, offrendo un faro morale assoluto ispirato alla Parola di Dio. Cassando in modo definitivo ogni ammissibilità della pena di morte, senza neppure accennare a particolarissime condizioni emergenziali, il Catechismo non solo si espone a obiezioni razionali difficilmente contestabili, ma precipita nel qui ed ora, dimostrandosi modificabile in base alla sensibilità del tempo.

Andrea Cionci

http://www.lanuovabq.it/it/pena-di-morte-la-lezione-della-grande-guerra

          WTF!??! TRUMP ADMIN IMPOSING NEW SANCTIONS ON RUSSIA FOR NERVE AGENT ATTACK?!?! FAKE NEWS!!! THEY'RE COVERING UP!!      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
I'm seriously drained of what to say anymore...this literally broke after I posted up my video about Trump, asbestos and the EPA and Russia asbestos!! wake up damn it!!! and awwww the Ebola hoax breaking in Congo just AS ISRAEL IS RACIST AS SHIT AGAINST AFRICANS!!! I SHOW YOU ALL OF THIS IN REAL TIME WHILE RECORDING, HOW CAN ANYONE NOT SEE THE TRUTH AND HOW IT REPEATS ITSELF LIKE THIS??
          Saint-Petersburg`s cats (1159)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Russian brothers posted a photo:

Saint-Petersburg`s cats (1159)


          Saint-Petersburg`s cats (1157)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Russian brothers posted a photo:

Saint-Petersburg`s cats (1157)


          Saint-Petersburg`s cats (1158)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Russian brothers posted a photo:

Saint-Petersburg`s cats (1158)


           Russian boss' crony Sex Ed       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Russian boss' crony Sex Ed

          Sen. Rand Paul Delivers Letter from President Trump for Putin      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Paul has been visiting Russia with a delegation for several days
          U.S. orders new sanctions against Russia over chemical attack in Britain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The U.S. on Wednesday cleared the way for a new round of sanctions against Russia after the State Department formally concluded that Moscow violated the international ban on chemical weapons with a nerve agent attack this year against a former Soviet spy and his daughter.

That determination — which...


          8/8/2018: Premier League: SO, WHO OWNS YOUR PREMIER LEAGUE SIDE?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
ARSENAL (USA) Stan Kroenke ● 67.05% BOURNEMOUTH (RUSSIA) Maxim Demin ● 75% BRIGHTON (UK) Tony Bloom ● 75.61% BURNLEY (UK) Mike Garlick ● 49.24% CARDIFF CITY (MALAYSIA) Vincent Tan ● 51% CHELSEA (RUSSIA) Roman Abramovich ● 100% CRYSTAL PALACE (USA/UK)...
          Usa, a sorpresa nuove sanzioni contro la Russia legate al caso Skripal      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          Royal Navy Monitors Russian Warships in English Channel      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A British destroyer has shadowed two Russian warships as they passed through the English Channel for the second time this year, the Royal Navy said.HMS Diamond sailed from Dover as the destroyer Severomorsk and cruiser Marshal Ustinov passed…
          Washington Post Continues to Peddle Fake News Russian Conspiracies… Will Facebook Ever Flag Its Hogwash?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
You know the answer to that one Jim Hoft Russia-Insider.com August 8, 2018 The Washington Post continues to push BS conspiracy theories that Russia helped President Trump win the 2016 election. There is no proof to back up this conspiracy, that was originally pushed by the Clinton campaign and Obama administration, back in 2016. There […]
          U.S. announces sanctions against Russia over nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The U.S. State Department says Russia violated international law months ago when it poisoned former spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter with Novichok in Salisbury, U.K. The sanctions will take effect on or around Aug. 22.
          Like father, like son: Trump Jr. defiant about Russia probe      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WASHINGTON (AP) — If Donald Trump Jr. is worried, he sure doesn’t show it. His father, the president, is reported to be fretting about his eldest son’s entanglement in the Russia investigation. And Don Jr.’s role in the special counsel’s probe continues to throw off headlines. But the 40-year-old son is hardly ducking his head. [&hellip
          'Go to trusted news sources': How to avoid the fake news trap      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A tweet claiming that Russian-linked Twitter accounts supported the Republican candidate in Tuesday’s special election in Ohio raised new concerns about Russian meddling in the midterm elections. Kasie Hunt talked about the claim, and how to avoid being
          US to impose sanctions on Russia over nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WASHINGTON (AP) — The United States will impose sanctions on Russia for its use of a nerve agent in an attempt to kill a former Russian spy and his daughter in Britain. The State Department says Wednesday the sanctions will be imposed on Russia because it used a chemical weapon in violation of international law. [&hellip
          Trump’s legal team responds to Mueller interview request      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WASHINGTON (AP) — Lawyers for President Donald Trump said Wednesday they have responded to the latest interview proposal from special counsel Robert Mueller, part of a months-long negotiation process over whether and how investigators can question the president on possible obstruction of justice in the Russia investigation. The two sides have gone back and forth [&hellip
          Like father, like son: Trump Jr. defiant about Russia probe      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WASHINGTON (AP) — If Donald Trump Jr. is worried, he sure doesn’t show it. His father, the president, is reported to be fretting about his eldest son’s entanglement in the Russia investigation. And Don Jr.’s role in the special counsel’s probe continues to throw off headlines. But the 40-year-old son is hardly ducking his head. [&hellip
          Judicial Watch: Clinton Operative Christopher Steele Used RUSSIAN INTEL for Trump Dossier      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Judicial Watch announced the FBI turned over 70 pages of heavily redacted records about Christopher Steele, the former British spy, hired with Clinton campaign and Democratic National Committee funds, who authored the infamous Dossier targeting President Trump during last year’s presidential campaign. The documents show that Steele was cut off as a “Confidential Human Source” (CHS) after he disclosed his relationship with the FBI to a third party. The documents show at least 11 FBI payments to Steele in 2016 and document that he was admonished for unknown reasons in February, 2016.

The documents were turned over in response to Judicial Watch Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Justice for records of communications and payments between the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and former British intelligence officer Christopher Steele and his private firm, Orbis Business Intelligence (Judicial Watch v. U.S. Department of Justice (No. 1:17-cv-00916)).



[Posted at the SpookyWeather blog, August 9th, 2018.]
          Putin Appoints Steven Seagal – LewRockwell      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The Russian Foreign Ministry announced on Saturday that Hollywood action star Steven Seagal would be the country’s new representative for Russian-US humanitarian ties, according to Reuters. The role was designed to “deepen cultural, art and youth ties” between the two nuclear superpowers. The Russian Foreign Ministry likened Seagal’s new role to that of a U.N. goodwill […]

The post Putin Appoints Steven Seagal – LewRockwell appeared first on RINF Alternative News & Media, Real Independent News & Film.


          Russians Have Penetrated Florida’s Election Systems, Senator Says      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Intelligence officials have warned for months that Russia will seek to interfere in the 2018 midterm elections, just as it did in 2016. On Wednesday, Democratic Sen. Bill Nelson of Florida offered up perhaps the most startling example yet of these efforts: that Russian operatives had gained access to the state’s election systems. “They have […]
          This Russian Pop Star is Using Mueller’s Investigation to Promote His Upcoming US Tour      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
On Wednesday morning, Emin Agalarov, the Russian pop singer involved with setting up June 2016’s Trump Tower meeting, joked about special counsel Robert Mueller’s reported interest in interviewing him. “I suppose any publicity is good publicity, but guys there’s a limit,” he wrote on Instagram, adding a plug for his upcoming 2019 USA tour, with appearances […]
          When Facebook Wants to See Your Papers      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Last week, Facebook shut down dozens of pages and accounts, including some that were publicizing plans for protesting the fascist “White Civil Rights Rally” in Washington, DC, on August 11, claiming suspicions that the accounts were fronts for Russian agents meddling in US politics. One of the deleted pages, called “No Unite the Right 2 […]

The post When Facebook Wants to See Your Papers appeared first on RINF Alternative News & Media, Real Independent News & Film.


           Amateur tattooed russian big tits MILF camgirl on webcam       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Amateur russian MILF camgirl showing her big tits and tattooed body in front of the webcam

          Comment on Photos From The Trip by James T Canuck      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
At what point do the right-wing scratch their collective dome's and consider it odd that you can't swing a dead cat without hitting a villain in Trump's orbit? Seems being a tax-evader, money-launderer, embezzler, Russian gangster, spy or stock market inside-trader is mere camouflage in Trumplandia. Even the most stalwart of Herd Trump can't ignore the fact that Trump is a magnet for scallywags, they are as but moths to his dim bulb. Drain the swamp...my bollocks... From my vantage point, Trump brought the swamp with him and tends it like a twee garden. There aren't enough hours in the day to list the disgraced and discarded "best people" Trump shrewdly hand-picked to MAGA (Make America Get Attorneys.) No doubt, there's no way Trump is responsible for the festival of scoundrels he himself hand-picked, he's as pure as driven snow, and we're all insane for seeing the truth of our eyes. The stupidity has reached full saturation. One would have be morally bankrupt or irredeemably simple to see Trump as anything more than a political adventurer and a chancre on the scrotum of American political life. In my opinion, the price for any boon Trump may stumble across, inadvertently, and share with the American people, is too high. Some of my dearest friends are American, and I'm not un-fond of the society in general, (minus the gun-slingers, bigots and religiously disabled,) So I'm not taking a poke at the whole kit and caboodle, but folks...WTF? Trump and his Trumpettes have to go, salvage what's left of your sanity and see the clown off the property...post haste. LL&P
          MANGIANA: Почему у русских не принято тыкать в других пальцем      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Это цитата сообщения angreal Оригинальное сообщение
Почему у русских не принято тыкать в других пальцем
 

В России с детства учат – указывать на другого человека пальцем некрасиво и неприлично. Объяснить, откуда это пошло, сложно, ведь указательный палец даже называется так, что сразу ясно, для чего он. Психологи говорят, что этот жест означает агрессию и некий намек на убийство копьем или стрелой, ссылаясь на вавилонский кодекс царя Хамурапи, датируемый ещё 4-м тысячелетием до нашей эры. Но где Вавилон, а где Россия? Давайте выясним, почему русские тоже воспринимают этот жест как агрессивный?

Пальцами защищались и пальцами подзывали чертей

Между тем у многих народов с пальцами связаны различные суеверия – в Европе распространен сюжет про мальчика-с-пальчик, в котором женщина нечаянно отрубает себе палец, который превращается в мальчика и приносит женщине удачу.

Повсеместно распространено поверье, что если сложить пальцы каким-нибудь немыслимы образом, то клятва, которую произнесешь, будет недействительна.

На Дону есть поверье, что сложенная в кармане фига может служить защитой от колдуна.

В Липецкой области верили, что если кто-нибудь крутит большими пальцами рук – значит, «зовет черта» и может стать одержимым.

 

Тыканье пальцем несло смерть

Российский историк Денис Александрович Ляпин считает, что запрет на «тыканье пальцем» имеет древний сакральный смысл. В своей работе «очерки этнографии Верхнего Подонья» он отмечает, что пальцам, а часто и всей руке человека, древние славяне приписывали колдовские силы, считая, что, тыкая пальцем, можно сглазить, убить, а прикосновением – вылечить.

В старину тыкать пальцем нельзя было не только на людей, но и в предметы. У восточных славян строго запрещалось показывать пальцем на луну и звезды, потому что боялись – если человек ненароком ткнет пальцем на «свою» звезду, она погаснет, а человек – умрет.

Палец – средство колдовства

В языческой медицине палец считался инструментом, которым колдун лечит или же причиняет боль. Прикосновениям, надавливанию, очерчиванию пальцем больного места придавалось некое «магическое» значение.

С пальцами связывали способность души оставаться в теле. Если страдающий человек слишком долго пребывал в агонии и никак не мог умереть, его тянули за большой палец ноги и верили, что таким образом ускорят его смерть.

Основу подобных суеверий следует искать в суровой жизни древних славян, где отсутствие пальцев действительно могло стоить человеку жизни, ведь без них он не мог развести огонь или воспользоваться оружием, чтобы добыть себе еду и защитить себя от врагов и зверей.

Через палец умирающий колдун мог передать свой дар другому человеку; а чтобы убитый нежитью не пришел к своему убийце, считали, что убийца должен слизнуть кровь с пальца убитого.

Особый страх у русских вызывал палец покойника, который использовали для лечения и наведения порчи, а воры даже делали из него свечу, которая якобы должна была им помочь – вызвать беспробудный сон у хозяев дома.

На Западной Украине пальцы использовали как... противозачаточное – не желающая беременеть невеста во время свадьбы должна была, садясь за праздничный стол, подложить под себя столько пальцев, сколько лет она не желала иметь детей.

Палец врага – амулет

С пальцами были связаны поверья у древних кочевников – скифов и сарматов. Из пальцев врагов они делали защитные амулеты, которые должны были сохранить их от болезней, и амулеты для наведения порчи на противников.

Археологические раскопки подтверждают, что ритуал отсечения пальцев и рук у поверженных врагов существовал на самом деле и был распространен по всему античному миру и на территории Великой Сарматии. Например, амулет из пальца был найден в Крыму, на раскопках у села Заветное (А.Н.Дзиговский, А.С. Островерхов «Культ руки у сарматов»).

Изготовление подобных магических вещей было связано с верой в то, что если колдун или какой-то человека завладеет частью тела другого человека, то его душа начинает служить новому хозяину. Возможно, с этим поверьем был связан и обычай, описываемый древним историком Геродотом – отрубать правые руки пленникам, которых приносили в жертву.

 
 

Впрочем, у этого обычая могло быть еще одно толкование – возможно, древние славяне считали, что на том свете им придется преодолевать некие препятствия, и им понадобятся там лишние руки, пальцы и ногти. С этим поверьем на севере России связан обычай хранить когтистые лапы медведя; а в Красноярском крае, в деревнях, где жили выходцы из Белоруси, было распространено поверье, что следует не выкидывать отрезанные ногти, а нужно складывать их в укромном месте, потому что они обязательно пригодятся, чтобы карабкаться на том свете на огромную скалу.

Некоторые этнографы считают, что культ пальцев и руки у древних славян был связан с поклонением некоему «Грозовому» божеству, подобному древне-славянскому Перуну. В этом культе руки, воздетые к небу, символизировали молитву к богам, а рука с растопыренными пальцами, вытянутая вперед ладонью вниз означало страшное проклятье.

Палец – жертва богам

Принесение пальца или его фаланги в жертву богам, как знак принадлежности им, знак добровольного рабства, был известен не только у русских, но практиковался у многих языческих народов. В Южной Америке, в Аргентине существует «Пещера рук», в которой 30 000 лет тому назад древние люди оставили отпечатки ладоней, и у многих из них отсутствовали фаланги пальцев. Этнографы считают, что добровольное отрезание пальца было ритуальной жертвой духам–покровителям.

Подобный обычай стал распространен в средние века в Японии, где самураи после запрета их самоубийства вследствие смерти хозяина стали отрубать себе пальцы – в знак добровольной жертвы богам.

Скорее всего, именно обычай приносить фалангу указательного пальца в жертву языческим божествам, привел к тому, что с этим пальцем стали связывать некую исходящую из него темную силу, и как следствие, появился запрет на тыканье этим пальцем во что бы то ни было.

Серия сообщений "Обычаи":
Часть 1 - Коса - девичья краса
Часть 2 - Тайны значения пояса у славян на Руси
...
Часть 8 - Самые жуткие обряды в мире, существующие по сей день
Часть 9 - ПРАВИЛА СЕМЕЙНОЙ ЖИЗНИ НА РУСИ
Часть 10 - Почему у русских не принято тыкать в других пальцем


          Alyssa Milano Suspects Russian Meddling      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
On Tuesday actor Alyssa Milano took to Twitter to sound the alarm about Russian meddling in the Ohio special congressional election. With Republican Troy Balderson appearing to eek out a narrow victory over Democratic challenger Danny O’Connor in the state’s 12th congressional district, Milano says she suspects votes for the Green party spoiler were compromised.
          President Trump and Sen. Chuck Schumer get into Twitter feud over Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
President Donald Trump went after Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer on Twitter, and Schumer fired right back. CBSN's Reena Ninan and Tony Dokoupil have details on the political spat.
          China and Russia’s dangerous liaison      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The west ignores the alliance forming between Moscow and Beijing at its peril
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Russians Have Penetrated Florida’s Election Systems, Senator Says.
          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department issued a formal determination that Moscow violated international law by poisoning Sergei and Yulia Skripal.
          Comment on Will the Trump Administration Attack Iran? by euhuguenin      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
No, Iran is not going to haul off and attack Israel, either in Syria or Israel proper. It's government in Tehran is many things, but stupid is not one of them. What Israel is attempting to do is create a false flag, to be blamed on Iran, as the justification for attacking it, and bringing it the US in on its side, militarily. And unfortunately, Netanyahu's ventrilloquist dummy, here in the US, AKA President Trump, has just made it very painfully clear this morning, that the US's withdrawal from the P5+1, and the sanctions which will ensue, are the US government's prelude to a war against Iran. Just because something isn't the most ham-fistedly, pig-headedly stupid thing the US government could do, is no guarantee that it will not do it, and President Trump's speech about the US withdrawing from the P5+1 deal, is no exception to this very dark reality. He is making claims about Iran's actions and capacities which bear absolutely no basis in reality. The IAEA, which is staffed by amazinglingly bright people, has looked at the suspected facility, and said that there is no "there" there. And if that is what the IAEA is telling the world, I would very much tend to believe them. What Netanyahu and Trump are doing is tantamount to calling members of the IAEA, in their inspections of Iran's nuclear facilities, idiots and liers, and members of this organization is neither. With a potential corruption indictment hanging over his head, Netanyahu is going to want to jump start this war as quickly as possible, which is most probably the reason President Trump made the decert announcement today, rather than wait until this coming Saturday, 12 May, which was the actual deadline. Look for this war to generate the revival of the draft in this country, and this time, the US military will be coming after both our young women, as well as our young men. And here is how I see the forces lining up; China, Russia, and Iran on one side, with the US; NATO, Saudi Arabia, and Israel on the other. There is no way that this will be allowed to stay regional; my sense is, it will go global in a heartbeat. Memo to Israeli Defense Minister Ya'alon: the American people have gotten extraordinarily tired of the demands, bullying, and blackmail the American government has received from the fully nuclear armed, viciously apartheid, theocracy which is what Israel has become in the 21st century. And we have one word for you: enough!! We will provide you no more American military to get slaughtered or maimed for life in the process of "neutralizing" all your alleged existential threats in the Middle East. And of course, as we both know, that includes all of your neighbors in the region. And on top of that, sir, we would appreciate it greatly if the US government immediately pull all financial and military aid from your country immediately, as all this aid is completely illegal under the Symington Amendment. We the people would like to see this accomplished and immediately, sir. The days of the host/parasite relationship between the Us government and that of Israel may well be coming to a very abrupt halt, and it is damn well about time, sir!!!
          U.S. to impose new sanctions on Russia over nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

          Trump's Rhetoric Doesn't Necessarily Match His Administration's Actions in Syria      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit ARI SHAPIRO, HOST: The strikes on Syria over the weekend fit a pattern for a president who goes public with his instincts before policies have been finalized. Ultimately the U.S. conducted three targeted, narrow strikes on Syrian facilities connected to the regime's chemical weapons program. NPR's Tamara Keith reports it seemed short of what Trump had threatened. TAMARA KEITH, BYLINE: As images of dead and suffering children emerged from Syria a little more than a week ago, President Trump tweeted, President Putin, Russia and Iran are responsible for backing animal Assad - big price to pay. (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING) PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: This is about humanity. We're talking about humanity, and it can't be allowed to happen. KEITH: He echoed that sentiment in remarks in the Cabinet Room, saying if it's Syria or Iran or Russia or all of them together... (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING) TRUMP: It's going to be very tough, very tough.
          Trump Denounces FBI Raid On His Attorney And Alleged Chemical Attack In Syria       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST: President Trump is lashing out at special counsel Robert Mueller after an FBI raid on his personal attorney, Michael Cohen. Here's what's happening. Cohen's lawyer said in a statement that the raid was based at least in part on a referral from the special counsel. It's not clear exactly what investigators may be after or whether this may be related to the Russia probe. Here's what Trump had to say tonight about the development. (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING) PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: It's a disgrace. It's frankly a real disgrace. It's a - an attack on our country in a true sense. It's an attack on what we all stand for. So when I saw this and when I heard it - I heard it like you did - I said, that is really now in a whole new level of unfairness. KELLY: NPR White House correspondent Tamara Keith joins us now. Hey there. TAMARA KEITH, BYLINE: Hi. KELLY: Hi. We can hear President Trump is clearly really upset about this -
          Trump Under Investigation By Special Counsel But Not As A Criminal Target      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Special counsel Robert Mueller notified President Trump's lawyers last month that the president is being investigated as part of the Russia probe, but a source familiar with the situation says they were told Trump was not a criminal target at that time. The source declined to be identified because of the sensitivity of the matter but did confirm the details first reported by the The Washington Post . There have been ongoing discussions between Trump's lawyers and Mueller's team about the president sitting for an interview as part of the investigation. Trump has said he wants to speak with Mueller. Asked on March 22 whether he still wanted to testify before special counsel Robert Mueller, Trump said: "Yes. I would like to." John Dowd, the lawyer who had been leading Trump's legal team until he resigned late last month, reportedly was at odds with the president and others on the legal team about whether it was a good idea for Trump to sit for an interview with Mueller. Dowd was against
          Trump Meets With Baltic States Amid Heightened Tensions With Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit RACHEL MARTIN, HOST: President Trump has praised Vladimir Putin and his leadership style. Today he will host the leaders of three countries who think otherwise. Trump will meet the leaders of Baltic states Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania today at the White House - all countries that used to be part of the Soviet Union, and all countries particularly worried about Russia. They'll be looking for signs from President Trump that he will hold the line on Russian aggression in the region. NPR White House correspondent Tamara Keith is with us now. Hey, Tam. TAMARA KEITH, BYLINE: Good morning. MARTIN: This meeting is coming at an interesting moment in U.S.-Russian relations, right? How's that going to play into this? KEITH: It will definitely play into it. U.S.-Russia relations are in a challenged place as a result of, well, a number of things, including Russian election interference in the U.S., the new sanctions put in place by the U.S. in response to
          Trump Under Oath: Sometimes Combative, Often Boastful, Usually Lacking Details      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bb_eElqoV-Y In June 2016, then-candidate Donald Trump raised his right hand and swore to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. On the verge of becoming the Republican nominee for president, Trump sat for a videotaped deposition, a familiar experience for a businessman who had sued or been sued thousands of times . "I imagine you've had your deposition taken a number of times?" asked lawyer Deborah Baum, who led the questioning. "I have, yes," Trump answered. Records of President Trump's past depositions show a familiar pattern of boasting, sometimes battling opponents and giving little deference to factual details — pitfalls that could all come into play in various legal cases before too long. Trump says he "would like to" testify in special counsel Robert Mueller's Russia investigation. And he may have to sit for depositions in cases involving women he allegedly had sexual contact with more than a decade ago, whether he wants to or
          U.S. Expelling Russian Intelligence Officers, Closing Consulate In Seattle      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit DAVID GREENE, HOST: The Trump administration has announced that it is expelling dozens of Russian intelligence agents from this country. It said the expulsions were in response to the poison attack on a former British spy and his daughter in the United Kingdom. A senior administration official said this move was in solidarity with NATO allies. Now, by expelling these agents, the unnamed officials said it would reduce Russia's ability to subvert Western institutions. Let's talk about this with NPR's White House correspondent Tamara Keith, who's been listening to officials describe all of this. Tam, good morning. TAMARA KEITH, BYLINE: Good morning. GREENE: Tell me more about these expulsions. And also, it sounds like the Trump administration is closing the Russian Consulate in Seattle. These are significant moves. KEITH: That's correct. So they've ordered the expulsion of a total of 60 Russian intelligence officers. About a dozen of them are tasked
          Lead Lawyer On Trump's Team Handling Special Counsel Russia Probe Resigns      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Updated at 4:20 p.m. ET John Dowd, the veteran attorney leading President Trump's outside legal team, has tendered his resignation, marking a shakeup just as Trump had turned his Twitter ire on special counsel Robert Mueller and his investigation. Dowd declined to explain why he was leaving the team that is helping the president deal with the Russia investigation. But a source familiar with Dowd's thinking says he was tired and frustrated, in a draining job with not enough resources and with a client who was not taking his advice. When reached by phone all Dowd would say is, "I love the president and wish him well." Trump's legal team is in the midst of ongoing discussions with Mueller over a possible interview with President Trump. Dowd recently described them as "productive and constructive." Speaking at a White House event Thursday after news of the resignation broke, the president told reporters he would like to speak to investigators as part of the Mueller probe. Over the weekend,
          President Trump Adds New Lawyer To His Legal Team      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit AILSA CHANG, HOST: President Trump's legal team is growing by one. The move comes as Trump, more directly, goes after special counsel Robert Mueller and his investigation. White House press secretary Sarah Sanders says the president is simply expressing his frustration through tweets - even as the White House and Trump's outside lawyers say they are cooperating fully with the probe. NPR White House correspondent Tamara Keith has this look at what Trump's legal team has been saying. TAMARA KEITH, BYLINE: The newest member of President Trump's outside legal team, Joe DiGenova, is a former federal prosecutor and well-known Washington lawyer. But it's more likely that his appearances on Fox News criticizing the Russia investigation are what landed him the gig. This was DiGenova on Fox in January. (SOUNDBITE OF TV SHOW, "TUCKER CARLSON TONIGHT") JOE DIGENOVA: There was a brazen plot to illegally exonerate Hillary Clinton and - if she didn't win the
          U.S. Announces New Sanctions On Russians      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit RACHEL MARTIN, HOST: The Trump administration has imposed sanctions on 19 Russians for alleged interference in the 2016 presidential election. The U.S. Treasury Department announced the sanctions this morning. This moves comes the same day that the Trump administration issued a joint statement with France, Germany and the U.K. condemning Russia for what has been described as a chemical weapons attack on a former spy on British soil. A senior national security official briefed reporters this morning on the sanctions, including NPR White House correspondent Tamara Keith, who joins us now. Hi, Tam. TAMARA KEITH, BYLINE: Hi. MARTIN: Who exactly is being targeted with these sanctions? KEITH: Well, it's - this is interesting. These are many of the same people and organizations that were indicted by special counsel Robert Mueller - or were indicted as part of Robert Mueller's investigation into Russian interference in the election. In terms of the
          8/9/2018: Opinion | Letters: Trump’s admission      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
After months of lies and denials, Donald Trump finally admits his son met with Russian agents to obtain preelection dirt on Hillary Clinton, but was unsuccessful in doing so as ‘‘it went nowhere". It will be debated whether this action was...
          Rick Gates, Battered In Cross-Examination, Ends Testimony In Paul Manafort Trial      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Updated at 7:05 p.m. ET Paul Manafort's former business partner, Rick Gates, concluded three sometimes punishing days of testimony in Manafort's bank and tax fraud trial on Wednesday as prosecutors and defense lawyers battled over his credibility. Gates spent the early part of the week corroborating prosecutors' version of events, but Tuesday afternoon and Wednesday morning, he endured a bruising cross-examination by Manafort's defense that touched on his admitted financial crimes and an extramarital affair. Gates, who spent years as Manafort's right-hand man, says he and Manafort used offshore bank accounts and wire transfers to hide money from the IRS to avoid paying taxes. Prosecutors also say the men falsified documents to lie to banks in order to qualify Manafort for loans. Manafort is charged with 18 counts of bank and tax fraud and his trial in Alexandria, Va., is the first to result from indictments brought by special counsel Robert Mueller, who is investigating Russian
          Radio City With Jon Grayson & Rob Ross: Episode Seventy-Four      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Radio City With Jon Grayson & Rob Ross:  Episode Seventy Four The world keeps spinning crazily – Jon and Rob have their work cut out for them.  From one moment to the next, there’s no lull in the conversation as this week the boys discuss Trump walking back the Russia statement; the anti-climactic baseball All-Star […]
          Иван_59: Перекур в курилке начинается с подъема (18+)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
"Ах, вам, чертям, шутки мои не смешны? Ну, я же вас щас рассмешу! – сказал Петросян – и сделал".
Народное

IMG_3655-09-08-18-12-16 (700x525, 289Kb)
"Пляжные мотивы августа.

На дворе 9 августа и День воинской славы России — День победы русского флота под командованием Петра Первого над шведами у мыса Гангут (1714 год). Шведы потеряли 10 судов, вооруженных 116 пушками, 711 человек убитыми и ранеными, а оставшиеся 237 человек были взяты в плен; русские потеряли 127 человек убитыми и 342 человека ранеными. Все участники боя были награждены медалями в честь Гангутской победы, а Петр I произведен в вице-адмиралы.

Научил Петр Великий шведов, до сих пор нейтральные, надысь послали НАТО подальше... Не время свеям присоединяться к цеевропеям. А ещё на дворе Международный день коренных народов мира. Ну это тоже наш праздник, мы русские -коренной народ России. С праздником причастные.

Вспомним ещё, что в этот день, в 1910 году житель Чикаго Альва Фишер запатентовал электрическую стиральную машину. Долго она к нам шли в сибирскую глубинку, лет шестьдесят...

Из прочитанного: "В тройку самых забавных названий населённых пунктов России вошли деревни Чуваки, Мошонки и Варварина Гайка.
В последний тур голосования также прошли деревни Жадины, Большой Смердяч, Колбаса и город Дно"
.

Сейчас читаю, что 9 августа Центробанк установил официальный курс доллара США на уровне 63,59 рублей, евро — 73,82 рубля. А всё якобы из-за обнародованных деталей законопроекта Конгресса США об ужесточении антироссийских санкций. Американцы намерены заморозить активы в США ВЭБа, а также госбанков Сбербанка и ВТБ и запрет на операции с российским госдолгом...

Помните, вступим во Всемирную торговую организацию и будем равные среди равных. Вот и пожинает Россия, как там, куда не вступлю, везде г...

Впрочем о погоде. В расположении + 20°C, за бортом в тени + 13°C. На день же обещают + 26°C и солнце, а ночью + 16°C. Деревенские будни продолжаются, впереди пляж и потом работа.

Вам же доброго утра друзья, и истина: "Если вы идёте к красивой соседке за солью, берите с собой сразу текилу и лайм".

Читать о всяком "непотребстве"
          b0m0k: Отмечая 10 лет с момента военного вторжения России в Грузию      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Совместное заявление группы друзей Грузии 10 лет с момента вторжения России в Грузию

7 августа 2018 г.

Это заявление сделано от имени Канады, Чешской Республики, Эстонии, Латвии, Литвы, Польши, Румынии, Швеции, Украины, Соединенного Королевства, Соединенных Штатов Америки.

Мы подтверждаем нашу полную поддержку суверенитета и территориальной целостности Грузии в пределах ее международно признанных границ.

Спустя десять лет после военного вторжения России в Грузию мы по–прежнему глубоко обеспокоены продолжающейся оккупацией грузинских территорий и подчеркиваем необходимость мирного урегулирования конфликта на основе полного уважения Устава ООН, Хельсинкского Заключительного акта и фундаментального норм и принципов международного права.

Мы призываем Российскую Федерацию отозвать свое признание так называемой независимости Абхазии и Южной Осетии.

За десять лет после войны в августе 2008 года Грузия добилась прогресса в укреплении демократии и грамотного управления, а также в процессе европейской и евроатлантической интеграции и экономического развития. Неудивительно, что эти выгоды не могут получить жители грузинской Абхазии и Южной Осетии. Мы считаем, что мирное урегулирование российско–грузинского конфликта окажет положительное воздействие не только на Грузию, но и на регион в целом.

Мы поддерживаем Женевские Mеждународные Обсуждения (GID) в качестве важного формата для решения проблем безопасности, прав человека и гуманитарных проблем, вытекающих из неразрешенного конфликта.

Спустя десять лет после создания GID мы сожалеем об отсутствии прогресса по основным вопросам, в том числе по неприменению силы, установлению международных механизмов безопасности в регионах Абхазии и Южной Осетии в Грузии, направленных на обеспечение безопасности и стабильности на и обеспечить безопасное и достойное возвращение перемещенных лиц и беженцев.

Мы призываем Российскую Федерацию в полной мере выполнить предусмотренное ЕС соглашение о прекращении огня от 12 августа 2008 года, в том числе вывести свои войска с оккупированных территорий Грузии.

Мы поддерживаем Механизмы предотвращения инцидентов и реагирования (IPRM) в Гали и Эргнети и призываем участников найти надлежащие решения для обеспечения безопасности и гуманитарных потребностей пострадавшего от конфликта населения.

Мы осуждаем заключение так называемых договоров об интеграции и союзе Российской Федерации с регионами Абхазии и Южной Осетии в Грузии, что представляет собой явное нарушение Российской Федерацией принципов международного права и прямо противоречит обязательствам ОБСЕ.

Мы выражаем нашу глубокую озабоченность по поводу увеличения военных учений и дальнейшего наращивания военных сил в Абхазии и Южной Осетии.

Мы осуждаем грубые нарушения прав, связанных с свободой передвижения и проживания и имуществом, а также ограничение образования на родном языке. Подчеркиваем, что так называемая граница с помощью размещения искусственных препятствий и укрепления линии оккупации колючей проволокой, а также закрытия так называемых пунктов пересечения еще более усугубляет гуманитарную ситуацию на местах.

Мы осуждаем убийство грузинских граждан — Арчила Татунашвили, Гига Отхозория и Давида Башарули и призываем Российскую Федерацию как государство, осуществляющее эффективный контроль над Абхазией и Южной Осетией, устранить любые препятствия для привлечения виновных к ответственности. В этом контексте мы поддерживаем превентивные шаги Грузии, направленные на искоренение чувства безнаказанности и обострения прав человека в оккупированных регионах Грузии, и мы отмечаем принятие Указа правительства Грузии об утверждении списка «Отхозория–Татунашвили» на основе о соответствующем Постановлении Парламента Грузии.

Мы по–прежнему глубоко обеспокоены этнической дискриминацией в регионах Абхазии и Южной Осетии Грузии и массовым уничтожением домов грузинских перемещенных лиц, иллюстрирующей целенаправленную политику России, направленную на полное уничтожение этнического грузинского населения и культурного наследия в оккупированных регионах.

Мы поддерживаем добровольное возвращение переселенных лиц и беженцев в места их происхождения в условиях безопасности и достоинства.

Мы призываем Российскую Федерацию предоставить доступ к международным правозащитным механизмам контроля на оккупированных территориях Грузии.

Мы высоко оцениваем эффективную работу и вклад Миссии наблюдателей ЕС (EUMM) в целях предотвращения эскалации напряженности на местах и ​​призываем Российскую Федерацию разрешить EUMM полностью выполнить свой мандат и обеспечить доступ миссии к Абхазии и Южной Осетии Грузии регионы.

Мы приветствуем соблюдение Грузией Соглашения о прекращении огня от 12 августа 2008 года и ее односторонние обязательства не применять силу и призываем Российскую Федерацию ответить зеркально, подтвердить и выполнить обязательства не применять силу против Грузии.

Мы поддерживаем новую мирную инициативу правительства Грузии «Шаг к лучшему будущему», направленную на улучшение гуманитарных и социально–экономических условий людей, проживающих в регионах Грузии Абхазии и Южной Осетии Грузии, и содействию контактам между людьми и укрепление доверия между разделенными сообществами на благо всех людей.

Мы поощряем участие ОБСЕ в процессе мирного урегулирования конфликта между Россией и Грузией и поддерживаем осуществление мер с целью восстановления доверия и улучшения условий жизни людей, пострадавших от конфликта.

Мы сожалеем о закрытии миссии ОБСЕ в Грузии в 2009 году.

Мы призываем государства–участники ОБСЕ договориться об открытии трансграничной миссии ОБСЕ в Грузии в интересах пострадавшего от конфликта населения, включая функцию мониторинга, способную беспрепятственно функционировать по границе оккупации. Миссия позволит значительно усилить вовлеченность ОБСЕ в деятельность GID и IPRM, а также позволит принять меры по укреплению доверия.

Друзья будут продолжать следить за данным конфликтом и настаивать на мирном урегулировании.

          Comment on US Senate Committee Calls on Julian Assange to Testify in Russian Interference Probe by Anonymous      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          Senior Analyst, Accounting Policy - KOP - $100k + Bonus      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
PA-King of Prussia, Senior Analyst, Accounting Policy – King of Prussia, PA - Up to $100k + Bonus (Date Open – August 2018) Newly opened Senior Analyst, Accounting Policy opportunity with a leading financial services company headquartered in King of Prussia, PA. Seeking a skillful technical accountant with the ability to prepare moderately complex external financial reporting data related to Statutory and/or U.S. GAA
          Translate Task -- 2      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
I want to translate a Russian book related to Audio Production into English. (Budget: $15 - $25 USD, Jobs: Audio Production, Audio Services, Music, Sound Design, Video Services)
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          U.S. orders new sanctions against Russia over chemical attack in Britain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The U.S. on Wednesday cleared the way for a new round of sanctions against Russia after the State Department formally concluded that Moscow violated the international ban on chemical weapons with a nerve agent attack this year against a former Soviet spy and his daughter.

That determination — which...


          Trump's legal team responds to Mueller interview request      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

WASHINGTON — Lawyers for President Donald Trump said Wednesday they have responded to the latest interview proposal from special counsel Robert Mueller, part of a months-long negotiation process over whether and how investigators can question the president on possible obstruction of justice in the Russia investigation.

The two sides have gone back and forth over the scope and conditions of an interview as Mueller looks to understand whether the president acted with a criminal intent to stymie the investigation into possible coordination between his campaign and Russia.

Mueller's team has put forward dozens of potential questions for the president, including about his firing of FBI Director James Comey last year and his public antagonism of Attorney General Jeff Sessions, who recused himself from the Russia investigation against the president's wishes.

Though he's publicly railed against the Russia investigation, including earlier this week, Trump has said he's willing to be questioned. His lawyers have been far more hesitant and have challenged the right of investigators to interview Trump about actions they say he is authorized under the Constitution to take, such as firing an FBI director.

Speaking on his radio show Wednesday, Trump lawyer Jay Sekulow again expressed reservations about an interview with Mueller, saying it would set a "bad precedent to allow just unfettered questioning on that process."

"The decisions that are made here are all about the Constitution of the United States," Sekulow said.

Trump's lawyers did not detail the terms of any counteroffer they may have made and they also did not suggest that they were close to agreeing to an interview, suggesting the possibility of additional negotiations.

Sekulow said he expected Mueller's team to take time to evaluate the written response.

"These are not two paragraphs," Sekulow said. "These are well-thought-out legal positions that, as I've said multiple times, have implications not just for this president but for any presidency."

Rudy Giuliani, another lawyer for the president, said millions of pages of documents have been provided to Mueller along with testimony from dozens of witnesses.

"We're re-stating what we have been saying for months: It is time for the Office of Special Counsel to conclude its inquiry without further delay."

It is not clear what would happen if Trump's lawyers definitively reject Mueller's interview request. Mueller's team raised the prospect in March that it could subpoena the president, though this would unquestionably prompt a court fight.

The Supreme Court ruled in 1974 that President Richard Nixon could be forced to turn over recordings that had been subpoenaed.

"Ultimately this decision is the president's to make," Sekulow said on his radio show during a conversation with Guiliani. "We're going to give advice, but the president is going to make this decision."

The negotiations unfold as Trump's former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort, stands trial in federal court in Virginia on financial crime charges. Manafort is one of four former Trump aides to be charged in the Mueller investigation.

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Follow Eric Tucker on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/etuckerAP

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FILE - In this May 29, 2018, file photo, Rudy Giuliani, an attorney for President Donald Trump, waves to people during White House Sports and Fitness Day on the South Lawn of the White House in Washington. Giuliani, says special counsel Robert Mueller should finish the Russia investigation “without further delay” as the president’s legal team responded to the latest interview request. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik, File)

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FILE - In this Oct. 23, 2015, file photo, Jay Sekulow speaks at Regent University in Virginia Beach, Va. Special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigators want to interview the President Donald Trump on whether he sought to obstruct justice by firing FBI Director James Comey and other actions. But Trump’s lawyers have tried to narrow the scope, in part by arguing that prosecutors can’t ask Trump about actions he’s taken while in office. Sekulow said in a statement that the attorneys have responded in writing to the latest offer but would not elaborate.(AP Photo/Steve Helber, File)
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          Senate candidates take stance on Elizabeth Warren      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Subtitle: 
Diehl: Warren bigger threat than Russia

U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren is a bigger threat than Russia, GOP U.S. Senate hopeful Geoff Diehl insisted yesterday, saying his Democratic rival is the one pushing communist notions.

“Russia is not the old Soviet Union,” Diehl said during yesterday’s Boston Herald Radio’s GOP Senate primary debate. “To me, the bigger threat is someone like Elizabeth Warren.”

The debate — the first face-to-face event between the three GOP candidates for Senate — was moderated by Herald columnists Joe Battenfeld and Hillary Chabot. Diehl, a state representative and front-runner in the race, faced former Romney cabinet member Beth Lindstrom and businessman John Kingston.

“Elizabeth Warren is a bigger threat than Russia?” Battenfeld said, pressing Diehl on his statement. Diehl doubled down.

“Elizabeth Warren is a big problem,” Diehl said. “She wants to get our — what you heard her recently on CNBC that she wants to tax us anywhere between 50 percent and 90 percent. She seems to be the new communist regime here in the United States, with the progressive movement to make government so big. Whether it’s taking over health care or free education, all of that coming at a price tag, with health care at $32.6 trillion. That doubles our $34 trillion federal budget.”

Kingston pushed back, saying, “We have to be careful with our false equivalency … the Russians aren’t our friends — they just flat aren’t.”

Diehl then tried to walk back his remarks, saying he was being “facetious” about Warren.

When asked about the comments and others throughout the debate framing Warren as an extremist, the senator’s campaign spokeswoman Gabrielle Farrell told the Herald, “Massachusetts Republicans will decide among themselves who will run for U.S. Senate. Senator Warren is focused on her work fighting for the people of Massachusetts and standing up for working families against powerful corporate interests.”

Meanwhile, Lindstrom came out swinging in the debate, suggesting front-runner Diehl is unelectable in deep-blue Massachusetts because of his full-throated support for Trump.

“You will have a tough time if you are a blind loyalist like Geoff is,” said the centrist Lindstrom, though she said she is ready to vote to re-elect Trump. “He cannot unseat her.”

Diehl shot back that his long-standing support for Trump could benefit Massachusetts citizens by giving the state stronger pull than it would have otherwise.

“That gives me a seat at the table that Massachusetts doesn’t have,” Diehl said.

Massachusetts political strategists say whoever receives the GOP nod in the Sept. 4 primary will have a very difficult time taking on Warren.

“I don’t think any of the Republican candidates have a shot at winning this,” political observer Todd Domke told the Herald.

“This state is so anti-Trump. … That’s what it’ll come down to: are you pro-Trump or anti-Trump? And Trump will help make it that binary of a choice.”

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BOSTON, MA. - August 7: From left, Joe Battenfeld, of the Boston Herald, candidates for U.S. Senate, Geoff Diehl, Beth Lindstrom, John Kingston and Hillary Chabot, of the Boston Herald are seen in the studios of Boston Herald Radio during a debate, on August 7, 2018. (Staff photo By Mark Garfinkel/Boston Herald)
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          Senate Democrats file Freedom of Information Act request to force release of key Kavanaugh documents      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

We are now at the point where U.S. senators are having to file their own Freedom of Information Act requests to try to get records that the Trump Administration is refusing to let them see and their Republican colleagues are refusing to press for:

x

In subsequent tweets Sen. Blumenthal notes that this is both a "last resort" and "unprecedented." It's also unsurprising, at this point: The Kavanaugh nomination has raised a host of issues relating to his "new" opinion that Republican presidents cannot be criminally investigated to his useful rulings for Donald Trump's own business.

Brett Kavanaugh, now nominated to the Supreme Court by a president whose key campaign members are under investigation for possible conspiracy with a Russian espionage effort against the United States, was elevated from a partisan position investigating Republican conspiracy theories under Ken Starr to a lawyer and staff secretary within the George W. Bush White House. He participated during White House efforts to claim legal justification for the torture of war prisoners; Trump-allied Republicans have been attempting to block the release of those key records by, among other tactics, putting Kavanaugh's own then-deputy in charge of determining which to produce and which not to.


          Under pressure from Congress, Trump administration hits Russia with sanctions for nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The Trump administration said Wednesday it would impose new sanctions on Russia after the State Department determined it violated international law by poisoning an ex-spy living in Britain in March.

The official determination from Secretary of State Mike Pompeo came after the GOP chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Rep. Ed Royce, chastised the Trump administration a couple weeks ago for dragging its feet on a decision about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal, a former Russian military officer, and his daughter Yulia. Both nearly died after they were exposed to the deadly nerve agent Novichok.

“Your compliance with the Chemical and Biological Weapons and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 is critical to showing Putin that we are serious about challenging his deadly acts," Royce wrote Donald Trump on July 26, giving him a deadline of August 9 for issuing a final determination, which automatically triggers sanctions. Pompeo complied just under the wire. 

The sanctions include two waves, with the initial round limiting financing and certain exports, such as those pertaining to national security items like electronic devices and components. Some sanctions already existed on national security-related exports, but they had still been allowed on a case-by-case basis. NBC News writes:

A second, more painful round kicks in three months later unless Russia provides "reliable assurances" it won't use chemical weapons in the future and agrees to "on-site inspections" by the U.N. — conditions unlikely to be met. The second round of sanctions could include downgrading diplomatic relations, suspending state airline Aeroflot's ability to fly to the U.S, and cutting off nearly all exports and imports.

Administration officials has been scrambling to combat the perception that Trump is under the thumb of Russian President Vladimir Putin following Trump's subservience to him during their joint press conference in Helsinki several weeks ago. They will surely tout this as an instance of Trump being "tough" on Russia. 

Just remember that it took the threat of actual oversight from a House Committee before they finally made a determination, which came after the statutory deadline had already came and gone. They were supposed to make that determination within 60 days of the original request from Congress, which came on March 15.

  


          Trump's legal team prepares to write back to Mueller, digs in for the long haul of preparing Trump      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Attorney Jay Sekulow announced on Wednesday that Donald Trump’s legal team was preparing to send a reply to the latest proposal from Special Counsel Robert Mueller. Both Sekulow and Trump attorney Rudy Giuliani had previously indicated that the latest reply from Mueller offered to drop several areas of questioning and to accept some answers in a written form. However, the proposal for an interview clearly did not please Trump, who followed its receptions with a lengthy series of tweets attacking Mueller and his team, as well as calling on Attorney General Jefferson Sessions to immediately end the investigation.

On Monday, the Washington Post reported that Rudy Giuliani had one big area of concern about any talk between Trump and the special counsel’s office: Obstruction. In explaining why he didn’t want Trump to talk about obstruction, Giuliani fell back on accusations that the special counsel’s office was fishing for perjury charges, and again said that Trump was within the powers of his office in firing James Comey. But Comey is not the only, or even the main, instance of obstruction on the part of Trump. Even those anger-tweets that Trump fired off in response to the latest Mueller offer were just another of many levels of compounded pressure Trump has placed on Sessions and others at the Justice Department in an attempt to limit, or end, the Russia investigation. From his actions regarding intelligence reports to the excuse he dictated from Air Force One, Trump has taken a number of actions that were clearly designed to impede, mislead, or derail the investigation.

Giuliani seemed to admit as much on Wednesday, when as Politico reports, Giuliani admitted that the letter they were sending to Mueller would include an offer to “allow” him to ask about obstruction. However, Giuliani also said that Trump isn’t ready to talk to Mueller. His legal team hasn’t begun “prep sessions” to help Trump through any testimony and, considering that Trump both has a notably short attention span and a profound tendency to lie even when a lie isn’t required, that prep time could be rather lengthy. Giuliani wasn’t certain that, even if Mueller took their latest offer as written, Trump would be ready for his time in front of the FBI before the midterm elections in November.

All of which would seem to suggest that earlier musing that Mueller’s team would be ready to turn in its report well before the votes were cast in the fall looks like wishful thinking. The first of two Manafort trials are underway. Sentencing of George Papadopoulos is coming up. But it’s been increasingly clear that Mueller’s team is still intent on the core questions of collusion and obstruction—and that Trump is at the center of both those questions.


          Brazil's Alckmin to follow pragmatic trade policy: running mate      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
If Brazilian presidential candidate Geraldo Alckmin is elected in October, his government will follow a more pragmatic approach to trade partners Russia and China in order to open markets for its food exports, his running mate said on Wednesday.

          U.S. imposes sanctions on Russia for nerve agent attack in UK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Washington said on Wednesday it would impose fresh sanctions on Russia by the end of August after it determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain.

          Senator Paul delivers letter from Trump to Putin's government      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Republican U.S. Senator Rand Paul said on Wednesday he delivered a letter from President Donald Trump to Russian President Vladimir Putin's government, but the senator and the White House offered different characterizations of the message.

          Britain welcomes U.S. sanctions for Russia over Skripal poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain on Wednesday welcomed Washington's decision to impose fresh sanctions on Russia after the United States determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian double agent and his daughter in Britain.

          Früherer BVB-Profi: André Schürrle rechnet mit deutschen Fußball-Fans ab      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Spielt jetzt in Fulham: Der ehemalige Nationalspieler André Schürrle (l.)

In einem Interview kritisiert Fußball-Weltmeister André Schürrle die deutschen Fußball-Fans und beklagt eine Neid-Gesellschaft. Der von Borussia Dortmund in die Premier League gewechselte Angreifer übt jedoch auch Selbstkritik.


          Trump administration to impose new sanctions on Russia for nerve agent attack in England - Washington Post      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Washington Post

Trump administration to impose new sanctions on Russia for nerve agent attack in England
Washington Post
The Trump administration said Wednesday it would impose extensive new sanctions against Russia, banning a wide range of exports and other measures, as punishment for its use of a nerve agent in an attempt in March to assassinate British citizen and ...
US to Issue New Sanctions Against Russia Over Spy PoisoningNew York Times

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          Paul Manafort trial Day 7: Manafort took in $60 million over five years, including $31 million from Ukraine in 2012 - Washington Post      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Washington Post

Paul Manafort trial Day 7: Manafort took in $60 million over five years, including $31 million from Ukraine in 2012
Washington Post
Paul Manafort, President Trump's onetime campaign chairman, is on trial in federal court in Alexandria on bank and tax fraud charges. Prosecutors allege that he failed to pay taxes on millions he made from his work for a Russia-friendly Ukrainian ...
Rick Gates, Battered In Cross-Examination, Ends Testimony In Paul Manafort TrialNPR
Manafort Dodged Taxes on $16.5 Million Jury Told: Trial UpdateBloomberg

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          US to impose new sanctions on Russia for poisoning ex-spy      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The State Department said Wednesday that the US will slap Russia with sanctions for using a military-grade nerve agent in an attack on UK citizen and former spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia. “The United States determined under the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 that the government of...
          Rand Paul says he gave Putin a letter from Trump seeking cooperation      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul said Wednesday that he delivered a letter from President Trump to Vladimir Putin proposing cooperation between the US and Russia. Trump wants to ease tensions between the former Cold War foes and has been solicitous of the Russian strongman despite the US intelligence community’s unanimous conclusion that the Kremlin meddled in...
          Manafort’s Lawyers Get Personal As Rick Gates’s Testimony Wraps Up      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Ex-Trump Campaign Aide Rick Gates Pleads Guilty In Mueller Russia Probe
Prosecutors expect to rest their case against Paul Manafort on Friday.
          Justin Trudeau vows to speak out on human rights, refuses to back down in Saudi Arabia dispute      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

OTTAWA—Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says that Canada will continue to speak out “clearly and firmly” on human rights around the globe, refusing to back down in an escalating dispute with Saudi Arabia sparked by Ottawa’s criticism over the detention of activists in that country.

In his first comments since the crisis with Saudi Arabia blew up over the weekend, Trudeau was unbowed by the sharp reaction from the kingdom’s leaders who seem determined to make Canada pay an economic price for raising human rights concerns.

“Canadians have always expected our government to speak strongly, firmly, clearly and politely about the need to respect human rights at home and around the world. We will continue to do that, we will continue to stand up for Canadian values and indeed for universal values and human rights at any occasion,” Trudeau said during a Wednesday visit to Montreal.

Trudeau was unwilling to serve up the apology apparently sought by Saudi Arabia, which has called on Canada to “fix its big mistake.” Instead, he vowed that the federal government would continue to voice concerns publicly and privately about human rights abuses.

Read more:

Editorial | Canada needs to stand fast on Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia orders its foreign students out of Canadian schools

The loss of hundreds of Saudi medical residents will ‘put a lot of strain’ on Canadian patients, experts say

The prime minister said “it’s no secret” that Canada raises such topics in its discussions with other leaders as part of what he called “constructive engagement,” the very approach he said the government has taken with Saudi Arabia.

“We will also remain firm on standing up for human rights,” Trudeau said.

He also defended the fact that Canada’s concerns related to Saudi Arabia were delivered via social media, saying that the federal government has to use as “many tools as we can to get our message across in a modern world.”

But the prime minister did reveal that Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland had a “long” conversation with her Saudi Arabia counterpart on Tuesday though he would say nothing about that discussion.

“We continue to engage diplomatically and politically with Saudi Arabia,” Trudeau said.

“We do not wish to have poor relations with Saudi Arabia. This is a country of some importance around the world that is making some progress when it comes to human rights.

“But at the same time we have to talk about the challenges that are being faced there and elsewhere,” the prime minister said.

Amnesty International is among the organizations that has flagged concerns with Saudi Arabia’s human rights record, citing severe restrictions on freedom of expression, detention of activities, extensive use of the death penalty, sometimes following what it called “grossly unfair trials” and systemic discrimination of women.

Yet Freeland’s conversation appeared to have done little to resolve the bitter dispute as Saudi’s Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir on Wednesday ruled out mediation to defuse the crisis, declaring that Canada knew what it needed to do to “fix its big mistake”

“There is nothing to mediate. A mistake has been made and a mistake should be corrected,” al-Jubeir told a news conference in Riyadh, according to a Reuters report.

He hinted that further repercussions could be coming in the fast-moving spat that has already seen the Middle East country freeze future trade and investment with Canada, suspend diplomatic ties, begin withdrawing more than 15,000 Saudi students enrolled in Canadian universities, halt the purchase of Canadian wheat and barley and suspend air service to Toronto.

The Financial Times reported Wednesday as well that the Saudi central bank and state pension funds have issued orders to asset managers to sell off Canadian holdings “no matter the cost.”

All of this is the angry reaction to social media comments by Freeland and her department calling for the release of activists recently detained in the kingdom.

Subsequent tweets from the Saudi foreign ministry Wednesday drove home the sense of offence felt by the kingdom as it cited Canada’s “blatant and unacceptable interference” for the sudden chill in relations.

It said the issue was about national security, not human rights.

“There is no need for mediation. #SaudiArabia did not interfere in the affairs of #Canada in any way. Therefore, Canada must correct its actions towards the #Kingdom,’ the ministry said.

It’s not the first time that Saudi Arabia has lashed out at countries. In 2015, the country reacted in similar fashion after Sweden criticized the scheduled flogging of Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, whose case is one of those at the centre of Canada’s concerns.

And earlier this year, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman ordered that German companies were to be shut out of government contracts, apparently irritated by German policy in the Middle East, according to a Reuters report.

Experts say that Saudi Arabia’s sharp reaction to Canada is a deliberate attempt to make other countries think twice before speaking out on human rights concerns.

Few countries have rushed to Canada’s defence. The U.S. and U.K. both declined to support Ottawa’s position, a view that Trudeau shrugged off Wednesday. “Every country has its right to make its own decisions and make its own diplomatic choices,” he said.

Other nations have joined Saudi Arabia and chided Canada for what they deem as interference in the kingdom’s affairs. Russia on Wednesday said that Saudi Arabia is on the path to “large-scale socioeconomic reform” and should make its own decisions as to how it proceeds on human rights.

“We have always said that the politicization of human rights matters is unacceptable,” foreign ministry spokesperson Maria Zakharova said.

“What one probably needs in this situation is constructive advice and assistance rather than criticism from a ‘moral superior’,” she said, adding that she hopes the two countries find a “civilized” solution to the dispute.

Bruce Campion-Smith is the Star’s Ottawa bureau chief and a reporter covering national politics. Follow him on Twitter: @yowflier


          REVIEW: Empty Room by Miriam Gould at the Cockpit Theatre       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Miriam Gould as herself


Empty Room by Miriam Gould
Cockpit Theatre, Marylbone. 8 August 2018. 2nd night of 3. Review by Sebastian Scotney) 

 Is this a coincidence, or possibly something spookier? This week I have witnessed not just one but TWO dramatic re-enactments of the same symphony, Shostakovich’s 9th.

Monday night’s Prom with Aurora Orchestra had broadcaster Tom Service and conductor Nicholas Collon probing the work's double nature, its light-and-dark, its tragi-comedy, followed by a wonderfully energetic live performance played from memory. Gripping stuff.  Tonight I went to the second of three nights at the Cockpit Theatre of Miriam Gould’s one-woman show Empty Room. It also dealt with the very same music, which the actor was seeing through the eyes of one of the three characters she plays, herself as a teenager obsessing about the Russian symphonist.

Miriam Gould is London-based, and a regular member of the Little Bulb Theatre Company. (I reviewed their Orpheus show in which she is a cast and band member.)

This show is a family memoir in which, with great candour, she explores the legacy that her parents have left her. It is a powerful exploration of how an involvement in music overshadows everything  – relationships, grief, personal identity  – in the lives of a family.

Her father – whom she also portrays as a shivering, fast-talking, intense character dealing with heroin addiction, was the saxophonist Sal (Salvatore) Nistico. He was born of Italian-American extraction in Syracuse, New York state in 1938, and died in Berne in 1991. He was a member of one of Woody Herman’s herds, and a blistering presence on tenor saxophone (try THIS !!) Her mother is the renowned singer and educator Rachel Gould, the child of two holocaust survivors, who made a classic record with Chet Baker, All Blues, and has also been a prominent educator in the Netherlands for several years. The two of them, plus the angsty teenager obsessing about Shostakovich 9 are the three characters played by Miriam Gould as she tells the story of her family. 

I had reservations before going to this show. Would an actor narrating something quite so personal come across as anything other than self-indulgent? Well, the answer is that the show can and does transcend all that. The issues which it takes on will fascinate anyone interested in the psychology of music. And Gould's acting craft notably the deft way in which she transitions and transforms from one of her three endearing characters to another is miraculous. and she also sings and plays the violin - very well.

There is one more night. This is a jazz show in a space that through the involvement of NYJO and Jez Nelson's Jazz in the Round has its own jazz identity, and is familiar to London's jazz fans. For whom there can surely be only one option, and one night left: note the early start time, 7pm, and GO SEE!

Cockpit Theatre Bookings

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          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department issued a formal determination that Moscow violated international law by poisoning Sergei and Yulia Skripal.
          US to impose sanctions on Russia over Skripal nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain has accused Russia of being behind the attack, which the Kremlin vehemently denies.
          U.S. sanctions Russia over nerve agent poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
none
          China buys soybeans from Russia to replace US suppliers      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
China and Russia are helping each other to counter Trump trade war.
          #green - miloguillen      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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           US senator presents letter from Trump for Putin      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin says visiting US Senator Rand Paul has handed over a letter from President Donald Trump to the Russian leader
          Desktop Systems Support Specialist - Vertex, Inc. - King of Prussia, PA      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Lotus Notes messaging support and troubleshooting; Sufficient knowledge of business communications, including telephone, voicemail, and e-mail, and operations...
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          Global Smart Cities Market Overview 2018: Industry Sales, Supply, Consumption, Analysis and Forecast Till 2026      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

MRRSE offers an 8-year forecast for global Smart Cities market between 2018 and 2026. In terms of value, market is expected to register a CAGR of 19.8% during forecast period.

Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 08/08/2018 -- This research report provides detailed analysis of Smart Cities market and offers insights on the various factors driving popularity of Smart Cities and its features. The report includes an extensive analysis of key industry drivers, restraints, market trends and market structure. The market study provides comprehensive assessment of stakeholder strategies and imperatives for succeeding in the business. The report segregates the market based on application, and component across different regions globally.

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The Smart Cities market is anticipated to witness moderate revenue growth during the forecast period, owing to the Increasing transition towards urbanization, governmental initiatives, and the increasing penetration of advanced technologies such as IoT, cloud computing, big data etc.

The report starts with an overview of the smart cities market in terms of value. In addition, this section includes analysis of key trends, drivers and restraints from the supply, demand and economy side, which are influencing the smart cities market.

On the basis of application, smart cities market is segmented into smart security, smart building, smart transportation, smart governance, smart energy, smart healthcare, smart water network system, and smart education.

On the basis of component, smart cities market is segmented into hardware, software and services

A detailed analysis has been provided for every segment in terms of market size analysis for smart cities market across the different regions. The section provides a detailed analysis covering key trends.

The next section highlights detailed analysis of smart cities market across various countries in the region. It provides a market outlook for 2018–2026 and sets the forecast within the context of smart cities market, including latest technological developments as well as offerings in the market. This study discusses key trends within countries contributing to growth of the market, as well as analyses degree at which drivers are influencing this market in each region. Key regions and countries assessed in this report include North America (U.S., Canada), Latin America (Brazil, Argentina, Mexico and Rest of Latin America), Europe (Germany, France, UK, Italy, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Western Europe), SEA and others in Asia Pacific (India, Australia & New Zealand, ASEAN, and Rest of APAC), Japan, China and MEA (GCC Countries, Turkey, South Africa, North Africa and Rest of MEA). This report evaluate the present scenario and the growth prospects of the smart cities market across various regions globally for the period 2018 –2026. We have considered 2017 as the base year and provide data for the trailing 12 months.

In order to offer an accurate forecast, we started by sizing the current smart cities market, which forms the basis of how the smart cities market will grow in the future. Given the characteristics of the market, we triangulated the outcome of different types of analyses, based on the technology trends.

Order a copy of Global 3D Sensor Market Report @ https://www.mrrse.com/global-smart-cities-market

As previously highlighted, the global smart cities market is split into a number of segments. All segments in terms of application, component and different regions are analysed in terms of basis point to understand individual segment's relative contributions to smart cities market growth. This detailed level of information is important for identification of various key trends of the global smart cities market. Also, another key feature of this report is the analysis of all key segments in terms of absolute dollar opportunity. This is traditionally overlooked while forecasting the market. However, absolute dollar opportunity is critical in assessing the level of opportunity that a provider can look to achieve, as well as to identify potential resources from a sales and delivery perspective in the global smart cities market.

Key Segments Covered in the report smart cities market are:

Application

Smart Security

Smart Building

Smart Transportation

Smart Governance

Smart Energy

Smart Healthcare

Smart Water Network System

Smart Education

Application

Hardware

Software

Services

Key Regions covered:

North America Smart Cities Market

U.S.

Canada

Latin America Smart Cities Market

Brazil

Argentina

Mexico

Rest of Latin America

Europe Smart Cities Market

Germany

France

U.K.

Spain

Italy

Russia

Rest of Western Europe

SEA and other of APAC Smart Cities Market

India

Australia & New Zealand

ASEAN

Rest of APAC

Japan Smart Cities Market

China Smart Cities Market

MEA Smart Cities Market

GCC Countries

Turkey

South Africa

North Africa

Rest of MEA

Inquire more or share questions if any on this report @ https://www.mrrse.com/enquiry/4018

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          World MTBO Championships: Swiss success in Austria      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Swiss rider Simon Braendli produced his best form ever to win the men’s gold in the Middle Distance race in Austria today. Russian Olga Shipolova Vinogradova was the women’s race winner.
          Making Asbestos Great Again      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
While the caterwauling freakshow that is the Trump administration continues apace, they are also passing some hideous regulations–with bonus Russia action! (boldface mine): One of the most dangerous construction-related carcinogens is now legally allowed back into U.S. manufacturing under a … Continue reading
          The Lovely Alyssa Milano Makes the Case for Voter ID      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Alyssa Milano has emerged as a major voice in the highly populated, unhinged Hollywood left. She’s been a vehement Trump critic from day one, an obnoxiously vocal
advocate of gun control, and someone who can be counted on anytime to support whatever crazy left-wing cause du jour may come down the pipe. She currently has a staggering following of over 3 Million people on the tweeter and possesses the superpower to spot a Nazi from afar.  So, when you say “who cares what she thinks” just remember: as hard as it is to believe, a lot of people do. All of that being said, we give credit where credit is due.  If you’re right, you’re right, and it’s finally happened. We actually agree with Alyssa Milano.
But Wait!! Before you go calling the men in white coats from the asylum to come chase me down with a net, let me explain.....

Last night, like many of you political junkies and junkettes, she watched the Ohio 12 primary results roll in. Being a staunch, self-righteous Hollywood liberal, she was utterly crushed and demoralized to see that DJT's chosen one wind up with a probable win.  This wasn't supposed to happen (that blue wave thingy coming and all ya know) but because it did, it's clearly another case of “The Russians” interfering in US elections:
You know what sucks? 
Because of our unwillingness to pass policy that protects our election integrity, I immediately think the Green Party votes tonight are Russian meddling. Why else would anyone cast a protest vote in Ohio when there’s so much at stake? - @Lisa Milano
Guess what. She’s right. This election was so close, so reliant on a razor-thin margin that we should never again allow even the possibility of voter fraud to enter our minds. Voter ID's for all! No one should tolerate the idea that the Ruskies could generate fake protest votes in an effort to derail the ascension of duly elected superior liberals. We need strong Voter ID laws that ensures every vote is cast by those who are legally empowered to do so and protects against the disenfranchisement of citizens. Darlin', you've made the case!

We’d like to thank the Lovely Ms. Milano for finally embracing this rational, common sense, line of thought. Mocha Latte' anyone?

[Chienne's Tweeter]
[Canada Free Press]


          В России стартовал финал национального чемпионата WorldSkills Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
8 августа в Южно-Сахалинске стартовал финал VI Национального чемпионата WorldSkills Russia: самые масштабные в России состязания профессионального мастерства по стандартам WorldSkills среди студентов колледжей и вузов в возрасте от 16 до 22 лет и юниоров от 14 до 16 лет
          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The decision triggers new sanctions expected to come into effect on or around August 22 following a 15-day Congressional notification period.
          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department issued a formal determination that Moscow violated international law by poisoning Sergei and Yulia Skripal.
          US to impose sanctions on Russia over Skripal nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain has accused Russia of being behind the attack, which the Kremlin vehemently denies.
          New comment on Item for Geeklist "Your Thrift Store/Bargain Finds 6 - 12 August 2018"       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

by hexahedron

Related Item: Magic: The Gathering

http://blog.mtgprice.com/2014/12/16/foreign-language-cards-f...
" English cards are the baseline, being the default language of Magic cards. The European languages, French, Italian and Spanish have a similar or lower valuation in relative to their English counterparts. From my own experience, when I was living in London Spanish, Italian and French cards were valued slightly lower than their English counterparts, both on player-to-player trading and on magiccardmarket.eu, and for both non-foils and foils including eternal staples like Thoughtseize. German is the only exception ... However, back in Malaysia, most European language cards command a higher price than English cards.
...
Non-Roman alphabet languages generally demand a higher price for their cool factor. The cheapest of the tier one [non-Roman] languages is Japanese, considered to be the third most expensive but most accessible of foreign language cards ... The top two rarest languages are Korean and Russian.
...
Simplified Chinese cards are cheaper than their English counterparts due to Simplified Chinese cards being perceived to be in high supply, and while Traditional Chinese cards are scarcer, the difficulty in differentiating Simplified and Traditional Chinese for the untrained eye made it that Traditional Chinese cards do not command a significant bump in price.
...
Non-foil foreign language Japanese, Korean and Russian cards are only slightly more expensive than their non-foil English counterparts, even for eternal staples. ... The foreign language price multiplier gets insane when you look at foil eternal staples "

https://www.mtgsalvation.com/forums/magic-fundamentals/magic...
"in EU we're mostly using MKM https://fr.magiccardmarket.eu/ as price reference for most languages. Generally Italian/Spanish/Portuguese are the cheapest, then come English cards closely followed by French's, and russian/Jap are the most expensive. Chineses cards are average here."
          New comment on Item for Geeklist "Randy Buehler's WBC 2018 Tournament Report"       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

by Statalyzer

Related Item: Washington's War

But I'm probably overlooking some well-regarded games.


coughvictoryinthepacificcough :D

I think it also overlaps POG and Hannibal, but it's a little better time-wise as it's guaranteed to fit into a 5-hour slot and start the next round one time. Possibly you could, I believe, start off with POG and then move over to VITP if you got knocked out, but I'm not sure.

And then Thursday also has War at Sea which is really fast and finishes the whole thing in one day no matter what, plus there's all the free-form games like Gettysburg, Russian Campaign, Panzer Blitz, and stuff, which have the advantage of potentially being able to jam into your schedule whenever the holes are.

And then are you only looking for historical wargames, or does stuff like Star Wars: Rebellion, Star Wars: The Queen's Gambit, and War of the Ring also count?
          Putin/Trump Arms Control Then Sanctions      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
By: Denise Simon | Founders Code Leaked Document Reveals Putin Lobbied Trump on Arms Control Vladimir Putin presented President Donald Trump with a series of requests during their private meeting in Helsinki last month, including new talks on controlling nuclear arms and prohibiting weapons in space, according to a Russian document obtained by POLITICO. A [...]
          Senior Analyst, Accounting Policy - KOP - $100k + Bonus      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
PA-King of Prussia, Senior Analyst, Accounting Policy – King of Prussia, PA - Up to $100k + Bonus (Date Open – August 2018) Newly opened Senior Analyst, Accounting Policy opportunity with a leading financial services company headquartered in King of Prussia, PA. Seeking a skillful technical accountant with the ability to prepare moderately complex external financial reporting data related to Statutory and/or U.S. GAA
          Election - State officials say Russian hackers stole 76K Illinois voters' info in 2016, not 500K      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
State Board of Elections officials said Wednesday that federal officials investigating Russian hacking involving the 2016 election confirmed the state's initial assessment that...
          C-114 Chrome-Plating Metal Pants Hangers      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
We have more than ten years in this line. With strictly quality control, competitive price and best service. W get good reputation from all our customers. Our manin markets are in Japan, Russia and Un...Taizhou Shengqiang Plastic&Electrics Co.,Ltd
          Kommentar zu Propagandameldungen vom 08. August 2018 von Nixversteher      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Ein gewisser George, nein nich Soros, aber auch ungarisch-judischer Herkunft, also Mr.Geoge Friedman, ehem. Berater für das Offizierscorps des US-Militärs, Office of Net Assessments, SHAPE Technical Center, , U.S. Army War College, National Defense University und RAND Corporation. Der Gründer von Stratfor.(alles bei Wikipedia nachzulesen). Tja, Mr.Friedman philosophiert in seinem "NYT-Bestseller" über die "(End)lösung der Russenfrage": "The Cold War only appeared to have settled the Russian question. Had the Russian Federation collapsed in the 1990s and the region fragmented into multiple, smaller states, Russian power would have disappeared, and with it the challenge Russian power poses to Europe. Had the Americans, Europeans, and Chinese moved in for the kill, the Russian question would have been finally settled. But the Europeans were too weak and divided at the end of the twentieth century, the Chinese too isolated and preoccupied with internal issues, and after September 11, 2001, the Americans were too distracted by the Islamist war to act decisively. What actions were taken by the United States were insufficient and unfocused. In fact, these actions only served to alert the Russians to the great potential danger from the United States and ensured they would respond to it. Given the simple fact that Russia did not disintegrate, the Russian geo ­ political question will reemerge. Given the fact that Russia is now reenergiz- ing itself, that question will come sooner rather than later. The conflict will not be a repeat of the Cold War, any more than World War I was a repeat of the Napoleonic wars. But it will be a restatement of the fundamental Russ- ian question: If Russia is a united nation- state, where will its frontiers lie and what will be the relationship between Russia and its neighbors? That question will represent the next major phase in world history—in 2020, and in the years leading up to it." S.102 Hier komplett: http://mysearch.org.uk/website1/pdf/715.2.pdf Also wer mir sagt, dass Russen paranoid seien wegen der Bedrohung von Aussen, der sollte sich dises Stück zu Gemüte führen. Durchaus lesenswert für den Deutschen Leser. Leider nur im engl. Original hier, aber wer weiss ob es überhaupt übersetzt wurde. Deutschland soll darin nämlich um 2050 sich an einem Weltkrieg GEGEN die USA und Verbündete beteiligen. Wer glaubt bei sog. Verschwörungstheoretikern wilde Fantasy-Hirngespinste zu finden, der sollte dieses Werk mal gelesen haben.
          US Department of State decides to impose sanctions on Russia over Skripal case      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The sanctions will take effect on August 22
          Diplomat comments on EU statement on 10th anniversary of war between Russia, Georgia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A Russian diplomat comments on Federica Mogherini's statement on the "tenth anniversary of the conflict between Russia and Georgia"
          Three campaigns on holding nationwide referendum on pension reform may start in Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russia’s Central Election Commission has granted its permission to three initiative groups to continue preparations for the All-Russia referendum on the pension reform
          Russia slams UK for arbitrary interpretation of Chemical Weapons Convention provisions      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Russian Embassy in London comments on the investigation of the poisoning incident in the city of Amesbury
          2018 European Championships: Russian swimmers win bronze in 4x100m freestyle relay mixed      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russian swimmers Kliment Kolesnikov, Vladislav Grinev, Maria Kameneva and Arina Openysheva won bronze of the 2018 European Championships
          Russian swimmer Rylov wins gold at 2018 European Championships in men’s 200m backstroke      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russian swimmer Yevgeny Rylov won gold at the 2018 European Championships in men’s 200m backstroke event
          IIHF: Russian ice hockey squad to start 2019 World Championship with clash against Norway      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Russian national ice hockey team will begin the 2019 IIHF World Championship in Slovakia with a match against Team Norway at the Ondrej Nepala Arena in Bratislava
          NATO fails to inform Russia’s top brass on accidental missile launch over Estonia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
NATO has not informed Russia on the incident with the unauthorized launch of an air-to-air missile by a Spanish fighter jet over Estonia
          Diplomat urges US to stop manipulating excerpts from classified documents      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A diplomat comments on a report by Politico on certain disarmament proposals, which were allegedly made by Russia at the Helsinki summit
          More than 235,000 Syrians return home since start of Russian military operation      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
More than 235,000 refugees have returned to Syria after September 30, 2015
          Russia to help Syria restore system of response to emergencies      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russia’s Emergencies Ministry will help Syria restore the national system of reaction to emergencies
          Chukotka’s heat power plant is upgraded for gas fuel      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The heat energy sector in Russia’s easternmost region begins using natural gas as fuel
          Russia will lose nothing because of chill in relations with Greece, expert says      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
According to the expert, the experience of recent bilateral relations shows that Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras failed to keep his promises
          Putin backs idea to equip Russian airliners with Glonass satellite navigation module      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russian airports are equipped with the Glonass system
          Roscongress to support cooperation between russian and british companies      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
On 26–27 November 2018 London will host the 4th Russian–British Business Forum (RBBF) with support from the Roscongress Foundation
          Putin sets task of improving production quality in space industry      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Russian president urges to create conditions "for productive and smooth operation of space industry enterprises"
          Russia’s famous synchro swimmer Romashina plans comeback to sports      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Svetlana Romashina last participated in sports events at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro and was retired since then
          Turkey expects more than 5 million Russian tourists in 2018      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Festival of Turkey will run from August 10 to 12 in Moscow
          Russia’s Central Election Commission approves retirement age referendum questions      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The questions were proposed by three initiative groups
          Press review: Russia sanctions bill restrains Trump and Moscow-Athens ties at lowest point      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Top stories in the Russian press on Wednesday, August 8
          Russian Northern Fleet warships set off on Arctic voyage      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The voyage aims to ensure safe shipping and provide for Russia’s other maritime economic activity in the Arctic region
          Bright object observed over West Siberia could be part of space debris, says scientist      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A Russian university has set up a laboratory, which now holds leading positions in the study of space substances
          Russian investigators ask to prolong arrest term for Romanian spy      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Tsurkan earlier renounced Moldovan citizenship and achieved Romanian citizenship, a diplomatic source said
          Thomas Cook confirms further audits after Dolphin Freedom criticism      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Thomas Cook have confirmed to Dolphin Freedom that they are selling tickets to the newly opened dolphinarium in China. This dolphinarium contains 10 dolphins which were attained by brutal captures in Taiji, Japan and also 2 beluga whales which were captured and imported from Russia.
          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The decision triggers new sanctions expected to come into effect on or around August 22 following a 15-day Congressional notification period.
          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department issued a formal determination that Moscow violated international law by poisoning Sergei and Yulia Skripal.
          US to impose sanctions on Russia over Skripal nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain has accused Russia of being behind the attack, which the Kremlin vehemently denies.
          Senator claims Russian operatives have ‘penetrated’ Florida election system      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
While Republicans in Congress continue blocking further efforts to bolster election security, Russian operatives may have already set their sights on their latest target. On Wednesday, Sen. Bill Nelson (D-FL) told the Tampa Bay Times that Russian operatives had penetrated a number of Florida’s county-level election systems. Said Nelson, Russian operatives “have already penetrated certain counties […]
          US announces new sanctions against Russia in response to Skripal attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The State Department announced on Wednesday it was imposing fresh sanctions against Russia in retaliation for a government-sanctioned assassination attempt of ex-spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia in the U.K. in March. The Russian government was deemed to have violated the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 by using […]
          This letter to Putin wasn’t interesting until Rand Paul and the White House disagreed about it      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Days after Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY) announced he’d invited Russian lawmakers to visit Washington, D.C., he tweeted that he’d also delivered a letter on behalf of President Trump to Russian President Vladimir Putin, “emphasiz[ing] the importance” of several foreign policy topics. Now, the White House is telling a different story. According to his tweet Wednesday […]
          Need of the hour: World peace      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Last fortnight’s visit to Brussels, London and Helsinki by the US President Donald Trump has opened up the deep fissures in the Western alliance even though that had for almost eight decades maintained a hegemonic presence on international politics. While it would be easy to see this in light of larger schema of an overall acknowledgement that the locus of international politics is shifting from its Eurocentric location to an entirely new kind of ‘Concert of Asia’ with China, India and on account of its Eurasian land mass, Russia. This time of transition is naturally causing a degree of international disorder only exacerbated by a deep crisis in the Western version of capitalist economic structure that is now seriously wobbly.

We know that organising the ‘anarchic world,’ as Thomas Hobbs considered the human character constituting it, to be, was often the desire ever since the modern nation-states were formed in the post-Westphalian world, though the real efforts began long after. The process of building this international order had begun with the creation of the League of Nations. Woodrow Wilson, then US president had in the wake of the World War I proposed its formation, along with the Treaty of Versailles, signed and sealed to end the war.

But it began unravelling itself by 1931 when Japan attacked Mongolia and the League could not intervene. Sensing the storm clouds of another World War gathering on the horizon, the League decided to convene a Conference of Disarmament. But Hitler’s Germany withdrew from the CD and the League in 1933. That was more or less the death-knell of the first attempt at establishing an international order based on rules and norms that were to be inviolate.

This current international order was established on the basis of the idea of the United Nations again proposed by another US president, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and a prime minister of the UK, Winston Churchill right in 1941 when they promulgated their peace aims in the ‘Atlantic Charter.’ The nations that signed UN Declaration of 1 January, 1942, were four: the USA, the UK, the USSR and China. Then followed the next batch: the other members of the Allied coalition ranged against the three Axis powers, Germany, Italy and Japan.

As we know the success of the UN can be measured in times of the Cold War for averting any globe girdling war that could have turned into mass annihilation resulting from nuclear exchanges. However, the global organisation of now 193 nations could not stop the smaller proxy wars between the two superpowers, having their interests being supreme in the apex Security Council where they enjoyed the veto right.

But despite most importantly, the combustible European continent, which had triggered the two WWs, had peace for more than 70 years, till Yugoslavia dissolved into redrawn maps and the old animosities of race and religion erupted in 1990s.

Having said that, after the financial meltdown of the 2008 and its concomitant severe economic downturn has given rise to a sharp backlash against what was termed ‘globalisation.’ This globalisation had caused jobs to migrate from the high wage Western hemisphere, to the East. And the ease of transferring financial capital engendered by the new rules that were originally framed with the desire to tie the post- Cold War world in one, singular giant business complex, has seen the flight of capital from low returns developed economies to the developing economies. But what has caused this current global upsurge of nationalistic protectionism that seeks to undo the much touted ‘globalisation?’

This explanandum requires a look at the Gini Index of economic inequality, and the physical manifestations of the severe inequality between the rich and the poor, in the form of ‘Occupy’ movement and the general atmosphere of popular unrest that is for the time being seeking solace in a severe withdrawal symptom of sorts by which the populations of the developed world are choosing ultra-nationalistic right wing political formations to lead them. This is reminiscent of the in 1930s Europe — especially in the nations that were the vanquished. Brexit is a giant example of this phenomenon where the thin shred of political sanity is holding the country together from not going down in flames. The rise of Donald Trump in the USA is a similar phenomenon, where the noblesse oblige of the old liberal elite is being supremely rejected.

This turmoil in the so-called developed societies is creating tensions across the globe at multiple levels. On top of that is the competition for global primacy between the superpower, the economic superpower and the former superpower that has gained a semblance of stability, seeking to reclaim its old position in the comity of nations. This is necessitating a reordering of the world that is more inclusive of the newly emerged powerful nation-states of the former South. A democratisation of the institutions like the UN system and the Bretton Woods system and the like is an urgent requirement. The sooner it happens the better it is.

 (The writer is a freelance journalist)

Need of the hour: World peace

          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The decision triggers new sanctions expected to come into effect on or around August 22 following a 15-day Congressional notification period.
          Chế độ cộng sản, một chế độ vô vọng phải thay thế      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
      Ai còn đặt niềm tin vào đảng cộng sản và guồng máy cai trị VN sẽ thay đổi, sẽ có sự hoà hợp hòa giải là mang một núm óc chưa phát triển vì chứa đầy thuốc mê ngủ. Ma lực của cái vòng sắt kim cô không bao giờ tự nó tan biến dù có rỉ sét theo dòng thời gian, mà phải bị thiêu hủy dưới sức nóng nung nấu cao độ của toàn dân.
  Chủ nghĩa cộng sản phải bị tiêu diệt và những chế độ của nó nặn ra phải dứt khoát thay thế.
**
Trước khi đi sâu vào phân tích về chế độ cộng sản này, chúng ta hãy đồng ý với nhau một nguyên tắc dường như là chân lý của Russia President Boris Yeltsin rằng: “Communists are incurable, they must be eradicated.
Cộng Sản không thể nào sửa chửa, mà cần phải đào thải nó.”
Quả vậy, chủ nghĩa cộng sản là một thứ triết thuyết không tưởng, hoang đường nhưng chứa đầy tính cực đoan qua những sách lược của hệ thống an ninh do nhà nước Lê Nin. Hệ thống cầm quyền này tự nó đã gắn trên đầu một thứ vòng kim cô ác nghiệt mà không có bất cứ ai tự tháo gỡ nó được vì bất luận sự tháo gỡ nào cũng đều đồng nghĩa với sự chết. Bởi thế, những ai còn mong đợi sự thay đổi của bất cứ guồng máy cộng sản nào cũng đều bị xem là mộng ảo.
Bởi lý do ấy thì cho dẫu Kim Jong Un, Tập Cận Bình, Nguyễn Phú Trọng… hay bất cứ giới chóp bu cộng sản nào cũng đều không thể vượt ra khỏi ma lực vô hình của cái vòng kiềng oan nghiệt tuy vô hình nhưng vô cùng ác liệt.
Tập không thể nào làm khác đi những gì mà Tập đã và đang làm, Nguyễn Phú Trọng, Nguyễn Xuân Phúc, Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân cũng không thể là ngoại lệ. Nghĩa là Trọng, Phúc, Ngân phải làm (must do) những gì mà có thể tận thâm tâm họ không hề ham muốn hoặc thích thú. Bộ chính trị trung ương đảng CSVN hoặc tuân lịnh, hoặc phải chết.
Hồ Chí Minh, Nguyễn Văn Linh, Nguyễn Tấn Dũng, Nguyễn Phú Trọng hay bất cứ ai của cả đảng cộng sản đều KHÔNG CAO CẢ như là cố Tổng thống Ngô Đình Diệm cùng bào đệ Ngô Đình Nhu, những người vì dân vì nước không tuân thủ ngoại bang và sẵn sàng chấp nhận cái chết.
Tư duy của Mao, Đặng, Tập là phải đưa Trung Hoa đến vị thế bá chủ toàn cầu và phải nhuộm đỏ thế giái dưới chiêu thức của Trung Cộng, cho dù phải nhận lãnh sự tan rã và diệt vong.
Bắt nguồn từ Hồ Chí Minh, nay Nguyễn Phú Trọng hay bất cứ ai sau Y lên giữ chức thủ lãnh thì đều cũng phải tuân thủ theo qui luật mà cơ chế Lê Nin đã đề ra. Nghĩa là Trọng phải làm những gì mà Trọng bị chỉ đạo phải làm, và Trọng không được quyền có bất cứ lựa chọn nào theo ý cá nhân.
Đây là những nguyên tắc cốt cán của cơ chế mà mỗi đảng viên, và nhất là đảng viên càng cao cấp thì lại càng phải tuân thủ. Còn nói về các tầng lớp, các cấp thấp hơn, mang tính địa phương hơn thì các thứ râu ria này phải hoàn toàn lệ thuộc vào quyền lực của chóp bu trung ương bởi chuyện đi hay ở, tồn tại hay bị di dời đá văng ra khỏi tổ chức hoặc ngay cả chuyện sống hay chết cũng đều do thứ ma lực quyết định.

    Ngạn ngữ Việt Nam có câu “Buôn có bạn, bán có phường”, câu này nay áp chỉ ĐCSVN là đúng chính xác về cả nghĩa đen lẫn nghĩa bóng, là một sự ví von thời thượng nhất. Hãy đơn cử một vài thí dụ:
– Hiện nay ai muốn có việc làm thì người đó phải chung chi, chẳng hạn muốn có một việc làm ở một chi nhánh ngân hàng thì phải chi ra từ 100 đến 150 triệu VNĐ thì mới có việc.
– Muốn được làm Thần đường, tức CSGT thì phải bôi trơn cho sếp 1 đến 2 tỉ VNĐ. Số tiền tỉ đã chi này sẽ lấy lại vốn trong vòng 1 đến 2 năm làm hung thần đứng đường.
– Những chức tước ở trung ương như Thứ trưởng này, Bộ trưởng nọ, Cục lớn, Cục nhỏ, Cục thơm, Cục thối… đều có giá cả. Con số tiền USD để mua chức khủng quá khiến kẻ nghèo như người viết này không dám viết ra con số bởi sợ say xẩm tối cả mặt mày.

   Tiền chung chi và bôi trơn thì các sếp phải có nhiệm vụ chia chác cho cấp cao hơn và cứ thế mà lên đến đỉnh cao nhất theo hệ thống hàng dọc, lẫn cả hàng ngang để nhỡ khi ai đó muốn vuốt mặt thì cũng phải nể mũi. Với một cơ cấu như vậy thì đừng ai lạc hậu một cách lạc quan mà nghĩ rằng quan chức cộng sản liêm khiết. Giả như có một vài ông Thánh nào đó hiện thân giữ chức quan cộng sản, không chịu ăn thì tất nhiên những ông Thánh ấy sẽ bị thỉnh đi khỏi phường ngay, chớ để chung phường thì làm sao mà buôn bán.
Chẳng phải khi khổng khi không khiến các “Bác sĩ” chẩn bệnh tham nhũng ở VN là căn bịnh ung thư bất trị, mà là đều có nguyên căn. Với một cơ chế độc tài chuyên quyền, kể cả quyền tham nhũng, quyền đội kim cô, quyền hèn nhát…Tất cả những thứ quyền này đã đưa đến nhiều hệ quả thảm khốc là tàn phá đất nước, quì lạy ngoại bang, phản quốc đẩy toàn dân tộc vào vong nô và kể cả bán nước.
           Nếu luận sự việc một cách công tâm, không bảo thủ, không cực đoan thì người cộng sản cũng biết được cái xấu xa, những thứ tệ hại mà họ đã gây ra NHƯNG cái vòng kim cô ác nghiệt là cơ cấu đã không cho họ có bất cứ lựa chọn nào khác ngoài sự tuân thủ mà cơ chế đã định. Bên cạnh cái vòng sắt oan nghiệt, guồng máy còn cai trị người dân bằng bao tử, bằng sổ hưu, bằng sĩ diện đó là lý lịch và bằng khen nhằm củng cố cho lớp con cháu được ăn trên ngồi trốc nếu lớp cha anh không phản kháng vô số nghịch lý của xã hội, của cơ cấu cầm quyền do ĐCSVN gây ra. 
    Đó là những lý do tại sao ĐCSVN vẫn còn tồn tại cho đến hôm nay và ngày càn lún sâu trong trì trệ, tụt hậu cùng thảm bại.

    Ai còn đặt niềm tin vào đảng cộng sản và guồng máy cai trị VN sẽ thay đổi, sẽ có sự hoà hợp hòa giải là mang một núm óc chưa phát triển vì chứa đầy thuốc mê ngủ. Ma lực của cái vòng sắt kim cô không bao giờ tự nó tan biến dù có rỉ sét theo dòng thời gian, mà phải bị thiêu hủy dưới sức nóng nung nấu cao độ của toàn dân. Chủ nghĩa cộng sản phải bị tiêu diệt và những chế độ của nó nặn ra phải dứt khoát thay thế.

   Hẳn nhiên sẽ có nhiều người đặt câu hỏi ngay là “Thay thế bằng cách nào khi người dân trong tay không tấc sắt?” thì câu giải đáp là:
  Toàn dân hãy đồng một lòng ĐỨNG DẬY. Khi hàng chục triệu người đứng lên thì không một guồng máy cai trị nào có thể đứng vững.
06.08.2018
Nguyên Thạch (Danlambaovn) 


          Oghenekaro Etebo Had The Most Successful Dribbles At The World Cup in Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

According to The largest detailed football statistics website in the world Whoscored, Super Eagles Midfielder And Stoke City, Oghenekaro Etebo had the most successful dribbles Of the 53 players to attempt 10+ dribbles at the 2018 world cup.

Who scored tweeted this via their official handle...
Oghenekaro Etebo: Of the 53 players to attempt 10+ dribbles, Etebo had a better dribble success rate (94.1%) than any other player at the 2018 World Cup

          Russian Research Analyst - Novetta - Stuttgart      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
German or French language proficiency. Are you passionate about solving challenging problems?...
Gefunden bei Novetta - Thu, 14 Jun 2018 19:09:19 GMT - Zeige alle Stuttgart Jobs
          Comment on Polar Alliance Update: Ice People ARE Mobilizing Against Sun People Tsunami…Even Chinese-Canadians (!), by John Derbyshire      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Well Hayley is Sikh but she is behaving like a Hinjew. This Hinjew as Joo stooge was a long time project which started during British Raj. The Jews were the major exploiters in the British Raj (not the Brits) but they also pushed the independence movement (both from within the British government and from their pet state Soviet Russia) and blamed everything on the White Brits. So most Indians do not know about Jews in British Empire exploiting Indians, the White Brits were the good guys in the Empire and they got wrongly blamed. The Jews were helped in this project by the Brahminical elites and Bania mercantile community members. So you basically have this people who hate Whites/ Western civilization, wrongly blame Whites for their problems but love Jews and are are imported into the West after WW2 to be the part of the Western elites ready to follow ZOG to the detriment of Western populations, Western civilization and the whole world. I may write a huge post on this with evidence one day on Unz.
          Russia leads the world at nuclear-reactor exports - Daily chart      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russia leads the world at nuclear-reactor exports - Daily chart: THE nuclear power industry, which had been in the doldrums since the 1980s, suffered a devastating blow in 2011 when a tsunami engulfed the Fukushima power plant in Japan, ultimately causing a meltdown. The amount of electricity generated by nuclear power worldwide plunged 11% in two years, and has not recovered since.
          Panel: What exactly is Sen Rand Paul up to in Russia?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Lead's panel discusses.

          US slaps new sanctions on Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Trump administration will impose sanctions on Russia under a chemical and biological warfare law following the poisoning of a former Russian agent and his daughter in the UK earlier this year, the State Department announced.

          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The decision triggers new sanctions expected to come into effect on or around August 22 following a 15-day Congressional notification period.
          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department issued a formal determination that Moscow violated international law by poisoning Sergei and Yulia Skripal.
          Hong Kong Student Recalls His First Month in Moscow      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
In early June, Johnson Chun Shing Chow, a native of Hong Kong, arrived in Moscow to study Russian, complete an internship and learn more about Russian culture. Prior to arriving, he envisioned the city as the heart of Russia, filled with Soviet-era memories like the Kremlin, monuments and military museums. Although he had studied Russian culture and language for some time, his initial few weeks did prove to be an adjustment.
          UAC Explains CR929 Landing Gear RFP      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Potential U.S. suppliers did not progress beyond the request-for-information (RFI) stage for Craic CR929 landing gear, said United Aircraft Corp. (UAC), explaining why only Chinese, European and Russian companies received a request for proposals (RFP).

read more


          Mosquito populations give a new insight into the role of Caucasus in evolution      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A closer look into mosquitoes from three separate site in the Caucasus allowed for Russian scientist Dr Mukhamed Karmokov to not only study the evolution of a curious group of species, but also provide a brand new insight into the role of the Caucasian region from an evolutionary perspective. His paper, which demonstrates how the mountain simultaneously unifies and divides its fauna is published in the open access journal Comparative Cytogenetics.
          Comment on Alex Jones: Infowars has racked up 5.6 million new subscribers in the past 48 hours by Gareth Evans      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russian Bots? Here we go... Can't accept that someone has a different opinion to you on the internet? They must be a Russian Bot. Pfft.
          Comment on Alex Jones: Infowars has racked up 5.6 million new subscribers in the past 48 hours by Richard Wolfert      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
And what great percent of those are real? In other words, how many are from the Russian bots?
          U.S. orders new sanctions against Russia over chemical attack in Britain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The U.S. on Wednesday cleared the way for a new round of sanctions against Russia after the State Department formally concluded that Moscow violated the international ban on chemical weapons with a nerve agent attack this year against a former Soviet spy and his daughter.

That determination — which...


          U.S. senator says Russians have penetrated Florida election systems: Tampa Bay Times      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russian operatives have penetrated some of Florida's election systems and could delete registered voters ahead of the November elections if the systems are not adequately protected, Florida U.S. Senator Bill Nelson told the Tampa Bay Times on Wednesday.

          Trump slaps new sanctions on Russia over Skripal poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The Trump administration has officially accused Russia of illegally using chemical weapons in the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia in Salisbury, England earlier this year, thereby triggering fresh sanctions on the Kremlin.

Why it matters: Trump had been facing pressure to take this step from some Republicans in Congress, particularly after his widely-criticized summit with Vladimir Putin in Helsinki. This is another instance in which the administration's actions stand in sharp contrast to Trump's friendly rhetoric toward the Kremlin.


The details: The first set of sanctions would immediately impose limits on exports and financing, which NBC News notes "may have limited impact, because it largely overlaps with other restrictions already in place, such as on selling arms to Russia."

  • The sanctions would prohibit the granting of licenses for the export certain goods to Russia, which a senior State Department official told NBC "could cut off hundreds of millions of dollars in future exports to Russia."
  • "The second round of sanctions could include downgrading diplomatic relations, suspending state airline Aeroflot's ability to fly to the U.S, and cutting off nearly all exports and imports," per NBC News.
  • The Trump administration has already expelled 60 Russian diplomats over the attack, though Trump was reportedly annoyed that European allies took much more limited steps.

The Russian Embassy in Washington didn't immediately respond to NBC News' request for comment.


          US to Hit Russia With Sanctions Over Nerve Agent Attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The United States announced Wednesday it will impose new sanctions on Russia for illegally using a chemical weapon in an attempt to kill a former spy and his daughter in Britain earlier this year. The new sanctions, to be imposed later this month, come despite President Donald Trump’s efforts to improve relations with Russia and…
          Hollywood Star Blames Russia After Republicans Narrowly Win Key Election      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Outspoken left-wing activist and actress Alyssa Milano took to Twitter recently to share her opinion on the Republican victory in the Ohio special congressional election. Republican candidate Troy Balderson took a 1,754-vote lead over Democratic candidate Danny O’Connor, according to Breitbart. There are still approximately 8,000 provisional ballots left to count, but the chances of those…
          U.S. senator says Russians have penetrated Florida election systems: Tampa Bay Times      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Russian operatives have penetrated some of Florida's election systems and could delete registered voters ahead of the November elections if the systems are not adequately protected, Florida U.S. Senator Bill Nelson told the Tampa Bay Times on Wednesday.

          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The decision triggers new sanctions expected to come into effect on or around August 22 following a 15-day Congressional notification period.
          Britain welcomes new US sanctions on Russia over Salisbury attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department issued a formal determination that Moscow violated international law by poisoning Sergei and Yulia Skripal.
          US to impose sanctions on Russia over Skripal nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain has accused Russia of being behind the attack, which the Kremlin vehemently denies.
          US to impose sanctions on Russia over nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States announced Wednesday it will impose new sanctions on Russia for illegally using a chemical weapon in an attempt to kill a former spy and his daughter in Britain earlier this year.
          Newly Announced: Gladys Knight, Jonathan Davis, Radkey, Russian Circles and More      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Here, again, is every newly announced show for the week!…
          Russian submarine threat largest since Cold War: top US Navy admiral      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Pentagon and NATO brass have issued fresh warnings about increased Russian naval activity in the North Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea, with the top U.S. Navy admiral saying this week Russian submarine operations are currently at levels not seen since the Cold War.
          Tennis: Sharapova storms past Kasatkina as Wimbledon champion Kerber falls      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Maria Sharapova fired 25 winners past hapless Russian compatriot Daria Kasatkina in a 6-0, 6-2 victory at the Montreal WTA event on Wednesday, but Angelique Kerber's first match since capturing the Wimbledon title ended in a sobering defeat.
          US to impose new sanctions on Russia for nerve attack in UK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The United States said on Wednesday it had determined that the Russian government had used a nerve agent in the attack against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain and would soon impose sanctions against Moscow.
          Comment on Alyssa Milano Blames Russian Boogeymen For Democrat Loss In Ohio by cb      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Probably lots of cocaine and opioids.
          Comment on Alyssa Milano Blames Russian Boogeymen For Democrat Loss In Ohio by Kane      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
did her big book of shadows tell her ?Or was it her satanic powers to vanquish the demons that led her to her magical insights in revealing the big bad bogeyman?
          Comment on China & Russia Pledge To Defend Trade Ties With Iran Despite US Sanctions by ILUVUSA2      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The commies will stick together, in spite of the prosperity of the Freedom and Capitalistic, Judeo-Christian society they envy.
          A mistake has been made      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Saudi Arabia is simply furious that Canada’s Foreign Minister had the audacity to say SA shouldn’t arrest human rights activists.

Speaking to reporters on Wednesday, Adel al-Jubeir, Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister, said the kingdom was still “considering additional measures” against Canada. He did not elaborate.

“There is nothing to mediate. A mistake has been made and a mistake should be corrected,” he told a news conference in Riyadh.

Several countries have expressed support for Saudi Arabia, including Egypt and Russia, which both told Ottawa it was unacceptable to lecture the kingdom on human rights.

Yes, that’s unacceptable all right. Violations of human rights are just fine, in fact they’re glorious, but lecturing states about human rights, that is … Read the rest


          Fabryka siania fermentu.       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Wojna informacyjna to nowa jakość wojny psychologicznej i nowoczesna forma oddziaływania przez wywieranie presji na przeciwnika. Aktywizują się grupy internautów atakując w sieci inne opcje niż płynące z Kremla. Ta wojna już trwa.Czy to jest wojna informacyjna czy propagandaWojna informacyjna trwa w polskiej i międzynarodowej sieci internetowej od wielu lat. O tym fakcie informują coraz częściej zagraniczne i krajowe media. Taki stan rzeczy jest zauważalny niemal codziennie w krajowym internecie.Kampania dezinformacyjna wielu państw w tym Kremla, wojna psychologiczna poprzez stosowanie nowoczesnych technik psychologicznych nasila się z dnia na dzień głównie w związku ze zbrojnym atakiem Rosji na Ukrainę oraz ekspansją polityczną Rosji na świecie.Każdy niemal nośnik informacyjny jest natychmiast infekowany przez zwolenników Putina - chociaż to jest to samo. Zwolennicy polityki i strategii wojny płynącej z Rosji używają do swego działania oficjalnych witryn internetowych np. Russia Today lub działają oficjalnie za pośrednictwem wewnętrznych rosyjskich stacji radiowych i telewizyjnych.Prasa wielokrotnie donosi o zaktywizowaniu na terenie Unii Europejskiej w tym w Polsce wywiadu Rosji oraz współpracujących z nimi lewackich trolli. Aresztowanie rok temu przez służby specjalne Polski osób podejrzanych o szpiegostwo na rzecz Rosji to wcale nie był początek wojny wywiadów.Trolle sowieckie i lewackie to sama sitwa skupiająca się już w grupach. Mechanizm ich działania jest prosty. Poprzez oszustwa starają się dostać do stron o treściach patriotyczno- narodowych, kibicowskich czy ONR -u istniejących już na Fb skupiające wokół siebie wiele tysięcy osób. Starają się oni uzyskać miano administratorów by ściągnąć w ten sposób swoją lewacką grupę i szybko „zainfekować„ prezentowane na tych stronach wartości patriotyczno – narodowe.To się już dzieje prawie na masową skalę wystarczy prześledzić portale społecznościowe.Szkalują ci wrogowie i wyśmiewają w swoich komentarzach wizerunek młodych patriotów nazywając ich „ bandytami stadionowymi, kibolami, zadymiarzami itp. Cel tego działania jest jeden – rozbić rodzący się potężny Polski Patriotyzm i jego źródło. To są prawdziwi wrogowie być może nieraz gorsi niż ci stojący u bram Polski z bronią w ręku gdyż ich widać można ich policzyć i zidentyfikować.Metoda działania agentury Rosji wyspecjalizowanej w swoim działaniu od wielu lat jest prosta i znana od wieków: to przekłamywanie rzeczywistości, ośmieszanie, zniechęcanie, apatia, strach itp.Przykłady takich działań znajdziemy już w całym internecie, wystarczy przeczytać choćby np. i w Interii, Onecie,Neonie itp niektóre artykuły i komentarze, i wszystko staje się jasne.Ale to nie żarty, to prawdziwa i autentyczna wojna propagandowa - nasila się ona z dnia na dzień i jest prowadzona i kierowana z Kremla, jest groźna a to już nie są żarty.Walka o Wolną Polskę trwa nadal. ! Rosyjski troll tłumaczy, jak działał w internecie               Vitaly Bespalov przez trzy miesiące pracował w Sauvshkina - "fabryce trolli" w St. Petersburgu. Mężczyzna pokazał magazynowi TIME, jak wyglądała jego praca.Trzy rosyjskie firmy działające na zlecenie Kremla zostały oskarżone o ingerencję w amerykańskie wybory prezydenckie w 2015 roku. Ich pracownicy, nazywani często rosyjskimi trollami, masowo tworzyli fałszywe tożsamości w Internecie. Zasłaniając się fałszywymi nazwiskami, w bardzo przebiegły i wiarygodny sposób wygłaszali rosyjską propagandę. Spotkać można było ich zarówno na blogach, jak i najpopularniejszych portalach społecznościowych.Trolle od swoich pracodawców otrzymywali karty sim, które były potrzebne do rejestracji na niektórych portalach społecznościowych takich jak na przykład VK.com, który jest rosyjską alternatywą dla Facebooka. - Rejestruję się jako kobieta. To jest dobra taktyka, ponieważ kobiety wzbudzają większe zaufanie. Stworzyłem właśnie postać, która nazywa się Maria Ivanova. Ustawiłem jej datę urodzenia na 14 maja 1994 roku. Najważniejszą rzeczą jest ustawienie zdjęcia profilowego – mówi Bespalov. – Widzisz, wchodzę na portal, który sprawia wrażenie ukraińskiego. Tak naprawdę treści prorosyjskie treści pisane są z Sankt Petersburga. Kopiuję link i masowo wklejam go z konta Marii na różne grupy - mówi. Wszystko sprawia wrażenie, jakby dodawała to atrakcyjna osoba. New York Times dotarł do dwóch innych trolli, Aleksjeja i Sergieja, którym amerykańskie Ministerstwo Sprawiedliwości postawiło zarzuty. Mężczyźni zdecydowali się opowiedzieć o swojej pracy. Jak to się stało, że w ogóle zaczęli taką działalność? Jeden z nich marzył o karierze dziennikarza, jednak nie udało mu się otrzymać satysfakcjonującej posady. Drugi chciał po prostu dobrze zarobić. Producenci fake-newsów mogli liczyć na 1400 dolarów tygodniowo. Operacje przeprowadzane były zarówno w języku rosyjskim, jak i angielskim. Pracy było dużo, bo każdy z mężczyzn musiał wyrobić normę 80 komentarzy i 20 wpisów na blogach innych trolli.Pracownicy każdego dnia otrzymywali szczegółowe informacje na temat treści, jakie mieli zamieszczać. Jedną z platform, na których generowali fałszywe informacje, był popularny serwis "Living Journal". Najczęściej materiały miały dotyczyć Ukrainy, wojny w Syrii, dzielnej postawy rosyjskich żołnierzy i porównywania Stanów Zjednoczonych z Rosją. Poprzez trolling i dezinformację, rosyjski rząd chciał szerzyć zamieszanie, wewnętrzne spory i niepokój na świecie.    https://noizz.pl/nauka-i-technologia/jak-dziala-rosyjski-troll-w-internecie/191vk2shttps://www.salon24.pl/u/dziennikarstwoobywatelskie/844567,sa-trollami-putina-o-polakach-ktorzy-w-internecie-bronia-rosji,4
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          U.S. imposes sanctions on Russia for nerve agent attack in UK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Washington said on Wednesday it would impose fresh sanctions on Russia by the end of August after it determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain.

          Britain welcomes U.S. sanctions for Russia over Skripal poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britain on Wednesday welcomed Washington's decision to impose fresh sanctions on Russia after the United States determined that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian double agent and his daughter in Britain.

          Russian submarine threat largest since Cold War: top US Navy admiral      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Pentagon and NATO brass have issued fresh warnings about increased Russian naval activity in the North Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea, with the top U.S. Navy admiral saying this week Russian submarine operations are currently at levels not seen since the Cold War.
          Ex-Russian spy Sergei Skripal's poisoning: What to know      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
What to know about Sergei Skripal, the former Russian spy who British authorities said was poisoned by a nerve agent.
          Historic Travel US The West Marches On Disc 2      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Video: Historic Travel US The West Marches On Disc 2
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Studio: A2ZCDS.com
Dubbed the "land that nobody knew", Alaska amazed explorers with its immeasurable wealth, vast diversity and unbelievable scenic beauty. Learn more about this fascinating corner of the earth that was purchased from the Russians for a mere $7.2 million!
March 30, 1867 remains one of the most memorable days in the History of Alaska and the United states. It was on this historic day that U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward signed an agreement with Baron Edouard Stoeckl, the Russian Minister to the United States for the acquisition of 590 thousand square miles of vastly unchartered and unknown land for $7.2 million, then a monumental sum. Infact, the deal seemed so preposterous to many Americans that they quickly called it "Seward's Folly".
However, over the next century, even the staunchest of Seward's critics were compelled to eat their words. Teams of explorers who scouted the vast territory soon returned with accounts of the immense potential waiting to be tapped in the form of minerals, timber, fertile farmlands and seas teeming with thousands of tons of fish. The revenue from a single year's fishing in the 1930s alone overshot the purchase value of the region.
Often written off as the 'last frontier', 'the land that nobody knows' and 'a barren wilderness of ice, snow and Eskimos', Alaska continues to amaze its detractors with its immeasurable natural wealth and unmatched beauty.
This captivating set of videos showcases some of Alaska's assets, its scenic beauty and geographical diversity. It also offers glimpses of the thrilling life in the west in this fascinating collection of films.

          US Announces New Russia Sanctions      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US State Department announces new sanctions on Russia in response to the Novichok poisoning of the former Russian spy, Sergei Skripal, and his daughter Yulia, in the English town of Salisbury in March. These could lead to the banning of most Aeroflot flights to the United States, and severely limit bilateral trade between Washington and Moscow. Also in the programme: Zambia denies political asylum to the senior Zimbabwean opposition politician, Tendai Biti. And for the first time in more than 20 years, the president of the Democratic Republic of Congo won't be a Kabila after December's election. Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary is the candidate proposed by the governing party. (Photo: Yulia Skripal with former Russian spy Sergei Skripal in a restaurant)
          U.S. to impose sanctions on Russia over nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          Conspiracy theories across borders, third-culture kids, cannabis drinks in Canada      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
What is the appeal of conspiracy theories around the world? We compare Russia's fascination with such theories to that of the US. Also, the decision to keep or remove conspiracy theories on the internet differs from country to country. And, the challenges of language when you're a "third-culture kid."
          Warda features as PAOK complete comeback against Spartak Moscow      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Amr Warda’s Greek side PAOK have secured Champions League play-offs after completing a remarkable comeback against Russia’s Spartak Moscow in the third qualifying round. PAOK came back from two goals down to beat Spartak Moscow 3-2 in their Champions League third qualifying round, first leg match on Wednesday. Ivelin Popov gave the hosts the lead only seven […]

The post Warda features as PAOK complete comeback against Spartak Moscow appeared first on KingFut.


          Stephen Colbert mocks Infowars' Alex Jones for getting banned by Silicon Valley 'soy flakes'      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

colbert

  • Stephen Colbert on Tuesday mocked Infowars host Alex Jones for getting removed from the online platforms of companies like Facebook, YouTube, Apple, and Spotify this week. 
  • The "Late Show" host brought back a Jones-like character called Tuck Buckford to parody Jones and Infowars in reaction to the news.

Stephen Colbert on Tuesday mocked Infowars' host Alex Jones over the news that companies like Facebook, YouTube, Apple, and Spotify had kicked his show off of their online platforms this week.

"Why now? Why did this happen now?” the "Late Show" host asked in his monologue. "Alex Jones has been spreading vile conspiracy theories that hurt real people for years. Well, Jones earned this latest scrutiny when he addressed Russia investigation Special Counsel Robert Mueller on his show, imitated firing a gun, and said, 'You’re going to get it, or I'm going to die trying.'"

"OK, that is awful, but it's actually pretty close to my message to Mueller: 'You’re going to get him, or I’m going to die crying,'" Colbert joked, in reference to President Trump.

Colbert then brought back a Jones-like character called Tuck Buckford that he debuted earlier this year to parody Jones and InfoWars.  

Buckford, host of a show called "Brain Fight," said he has been facing "similar struggles" to Jones.

"Listen up, Brain Fight nation, the Brain Fighters, the Brain Nation, the skull meat, let's talk about the elephant in the room,"  Colbert's Buckford said. "The martyrdom of old Tuck Buckford at the hands of Silicon Valley snow boys and soy flakes."

“It's a slippery slope," he continued. "If they can de-platform Tuck Buckford, next thing you know they’ll be coming after me for so-called child support which I 'owe' to my 'ex-wife' who I 'miss desperately.'"

Mocking Jones' pleading with Trump on Monday to fight the "censorship" against him, Buckford added, "President Trump, I need you to do the right thing, all right? Help Tuck. Venmo me fifty bucks, or China will win the midterms."  

Watch the segment below:

SEE ALSO: The 100 best comedy movies of all time, according to critics

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          US to impose sanctions on Russia over nerve agent attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The United States announced it will impose new sanctions on Russia for illegally using a chemical weapon in an attempt to kill a former spy and his daughter in Britain earlier this year.
          Gutschein "Borussia Mönchengladbach Trolley - Perfektes Geschenk"      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Gestalte Deinen eigenen Borussia Fan-Trolley. Optional auch mit Deinem Namen. - Zugelassen als Bordgepäck - 2 Jahre Garantie - Versenkbares TSA Schloss - Vier stabile, um 360 Grad, drehbare Doppel-Rollen - Hochwertige Innenausstattung - Zwischenboden mit Reißverschluss und separater Netztasche - Zwei Schuhfächer
          Gutschein "Dein Fussball - Trolley mit eigenem Namen für 114,95 € inkl. Versand"      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Gestalte Deinen Fan-Trolley von 8 Bundesligavereine mit Deinem eigenen Namen (FC Bayern München, BVB, Borussia Mönchen-Gladbach, Schalke, HSV, Hertha BSC, FSV Mainz 05 und VfB Stuttgart) - Zugelassen als Bordgepäck - Versenkbares TSA Schloss - Vier stabile, um 360 Grad, drehbare Doppel-Rollen - 2 Jahre Garantie
          Gutschein "Borussia Dortmund Trolley"      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Gestalte Deinen eigenen Dortmund Fan-Trolley. Optional auch mit Deinem Namen. - Zugelassen als Bordgepäck - 2 Jahre Garantie - Versenkbares TSA Schloss - Vier stabile, um 360 Grad, drehbare Doppel-Rollen - Hochwertige Innenausstattung - Zwischenboden mit Reißverschluss und separater Netztasche - Zwei Schuhfächer
          Moonbat Alyssa Milano Blames Russians For Ohio Loss      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Put down the vodka bottle and step away from the keyboard. Via Breitbart: Actress and left-wing activist Alyssa Milano blamed the Russians after Democrat’s lost Tuesday’s special election in Ohio. “You know what sucks?” the 46-year-old actress wrote. “Because of our unwillingness to pass policy that protects our election integrity, I immediately think the Green […]
          Hackers Already Attacking Midterm Elections, Raising U.S. Alarms      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The U.S. midterm elections are at increasing risk of interference by foreign adversaries led by Russia, and cybersecurity experts warn the Trump administration isn’t adequately defending against the meddling.
          China and Russia’s dangerous liaison      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The west ignores the alliance forming between Moscow and Beijing at its peril Reported by FT.com 1 hour ago.
          Russian Nationals Arrested Over Fake Ad Scheme May Be Transferred to New York      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Reported by RIA Nov. 1 hour ago.
          Russia, China, Not ‘Our Friends’ - US Strategic Command Chief      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Reported by RIA Nov. 3 hours ago.
          Four Russian National Guard Servicemen Killed in Avalanche      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Reported by RIA Nov. 3 hours ago.
          The Trump Administration Wants More Asbestos      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Trump administration is letting asbestos back into products. Russia is the only country that exports asbestos to the U.S. This video, 'The Trump Administration Wants More Asbestos', first appeared on nowthisnews.com.
          U.S. Will Impose New Sanctions On Russia Due To UK Nerve Attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The White House said it plans to impose new sanctions on Russia after determining that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain. Reuters has reported that a senior State Department official notified the Kremlin of the sanctions earlier in the day. Following the attack, European countries and the United States expelled 100 Russian diplomats. A State Department official told reporters that the sanctions would cover sensitive national-security controlled goods.
          U.S. hits Russia with new sanctions over nerve agent poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Trump administration says it will impose new sanctions on Russia due to its role in the chemical weapon attack that sickened former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter in the U.K. last spring. CBS News' Kylie Atwood joins 'Red and Blue' with details.
           Giuliani tells Mueller to wrap up the Russia probe by Sept. 1 after rejecting interview offer       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Trump attorney Rudy Giuliani says the special counsel's Russia probe and investigation into the president should be concluded by Sept. 1.
          US to Impose Sanctions on Russia for Skripal Poisoning      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Both Sergei Skripal and his daughter survived the poisoning and have been released from the hospital.
          Sen. Rand Paul Meets Russian Delegation In Moscow      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
U.S. Sen. Rand Paul has delivered a letter from President Donald Trump to Russian President Vladimir Putin, the Russian leader’s spokesman said Wednesday.
          Sen. Rand Paul Delivered Letter From Trump To Putin      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Republican U.S. Senator Rand Paul said he delivered a letter from President Donald Trump to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s government. According to Reuters, the senator and the White House have provided different reports on the contents of the letter though. While Paul said the letter offered U.S. cooperation in various areas, the White House said it was a letter of introduction for Paul, who was visiting Moscow.
          U.S. Imposes Sanctions On Russia For Nerve Agent Attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The U.S. has hit Russia with additional sanctions over its use of a nerve agent in Britain. CBS2's Kristine Johnson reports
          U.S. To Impose Sanctions On Russia For Nerve Agent Attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The US said Wednesday it will impose new sanctions on Russia after it determined that Moscow used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in the UK. Reuters reports Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia, were found unconscious in the English city of Salisbury in March after a liquid form of the Novichok nerve agent was applied to his home’s front door. Republican U.S.
          U.S. To Impose New Sanctions On Russia For UK Nerve Attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
According to a report by Reuters, on Wednesday, Washington said that it would impose new sanctions on Russia after determining that Moscow had used a nerve agent against a former Russian agent and his daughter in Britain. State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert reportedly said that it had been determined that Russia “has used chemical or biological weapons in violation of international law, or has used lethal chemical or biological weapons against its own nationals.” Mauert went on to say sanctions would not take effect until on or around Aug. 22.
          America to impose sanctions on Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
America says it will impose sanctions on Russia over the poisonings of Sergei and Yulia Skripal in Salisbury.
          U.S. Imposes Sanctions Over U.K. Nerve-Agent Attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Aug.08 -- The U.S. announced new sanctions on Russia Wednesday, saying it’s made a final determination that Vladimir Putin’s government was responsible for the March 4 nerve-agent attack on former double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter in the U.K. Bloomberg's Nick Wadhams reports on 'Bloomberg Markets.'
          Maryland Senators Ask For Probe Of Company With Russian Tie      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Maryland’s senators are asking Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin to review the transaction between a venture fund with Russian ties and a company deeply involved in Maryland’s election infrastructure. Matt Yurus reports.
          'STRELKA' - The Russian Fight Club That Brings Together Unexpected Fighters, Relieve Stress And Promote Respect      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
'STRELKA' - The Russian Fight Club That Brings Together Unexpected Fighters, Relieve Stress And Promote Respect
          Georgia protesters demand Russia end its 'occupation'      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Georgia marks 10 years since a war with Russia that left the country dismembered.
          Senator Paul Delivers Trump's Letter For Vladimir Putin      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Republican U.S. Senator Rand Paul delivered a letter from President Donald Trump to President Vladimir Putin. This comes after Trump was highly criticized for not standing up to Putin at the Helsinki summit. According to Reuters, Trump is proposing cooperation, wanting to ease tensions between the U.S. and Russia. Yet U.S. intelligence found that Russia meddled in the 2016 presidential election. But Trump continues to deny such meddling and believes Putin over his own intelligence agencies.
          Russia: BOOM! International Army Games tank biathlon      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The tank biathlon was full speed ahead on day six of the 2018 International Army Games. Teams from Armenia, Belarus, Kyrgyztan, Myanmar, Syria, Tajikistan and Vietnam competed on the sixth day of the games.
          Europe's forgotten war: The Georgia-Russia conflict explained a decade on      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
An expert has told Euronews if Europe and others had ‘reacted adequately’ to Russia’s war with Georgia, which started a decade ago today, then Crimea's annexation may have been prevented.
          Hillary Liked Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Seriously, not liking Putin only seems to be a recent thing, when it was used as a weapon.
          Russia-Georgia war: 10 years since conflict      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The five-day conflict in 2008 centred on South Ossetia and Abkhazia, two breakaway provinces in Georgia.
          Controversial Trump dossier under new scrutiny      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The FBI and Congress are investigating allegations that the Trump campaign colluded with Russia. While associates of the president continue to face questions, there remains no concrete evidence - and CBS News has learned that an infamous but unsubstantiated dossier on President Trump is under new scrutiny. Now, some House Democrats want Christopher Steele, the former British spy responsible for the report, to testify before the House Intelligence Committee. Jeff Pegues joins CBSN to discuss the details.
          Intel chief told associates Trump asked him to intervene in Russia probe: Washington Post      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Washington Post reports that Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats reportedly told his associates that President Trump asked him to intervene in the Russia investigation. Washington Post reporter Karoun Demirjian spoke about this story on CBSN's 'Red and Blue.'
          Jewish man finds swastika on shorts at Goodwill store      Cache   Translate Page &nbs