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          Redes sociais adotam medidas para combater fake news nas eleições      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Redes sociais adotam medidas para combater fake news nas eleições
A ascensão das chamadas notícias falsas (fake news, no termo em inglês) a um objeto de preocupação em todo o mundo colocou no centro da discussão o papel de redes sociais como Facebook, Google, YouTube, Twitter e WhatsApp. Se por um lado é reconhecido que o fenômeno da desinformação é antigo, por outro lado é consenso entre pesquisadores, autoridades e empresas que a diferença no cenário atual de divulgação de conteúdos falsos está no alcance e na velocidade permitidos pelo compartilhamento de mensagens nesses ambientes. Para tentar diminuir os questionamentos e o dano à imagem, diversas redes sociais vêm anunciando medidas para tentar combater a circulação das notícias falsas.

As redes sociais são terreno fértil para a difusão de notícias falsas por diferentes motivos. Alguns criadores desses conteúdos buscam divulgar uma ideia ou atacar uma pessoa, partido ou instituição. Outros têm motivação econômica, uma vez que a grande circulação de uma publicação gera interações, o que pode se traduzir em dinheiro a partir da lógica de veiculação de anúncios nessas plataformas. Foi o caso, por exemplo, de jovens da Macedônia que criaram perfis para difundir notícias falsas nas eleições dos Estados Unidos em 2016 como fonte de renda.

Essas possibilidades geraram intensos questionamentos. Nos Estados Unidos, o Facebook virou objeto de investigação do Congresso sobre uma possível influência de organizações russas nas eleições de 2016. O presidente da empresa, Mark Zuckerberg, teve de ir ao Congresso prestar explicações também sobre o escândalo de vazamento de dados de 87 milhões de usuários envolvendo a empresa de marketing eleitoral Cambridge Analytica. A companhia foi questionada ainda por autoridades de outros países, inclusive brasileiras, sobre o caso.

Na Índia, o WhatsApp, aplicativo de propriedade do Facebook, virou assunto de preocupação nacional nas últimas semanas depois de uma série de assassinatos e linchamentos a partir de informações falsas divulgadas na rede social.

O Google sofreu críticas por apresentar nos resultados de busca informações falsas, tanto sobre as eleições dos EUA quanto sobre fatos históricos, como o Holocausto.

Rede social mais criticada, o Facebook inicialmente rebateu as acusações relativas ao papel nas eleições dos EUA, mas depois do pleito passou a anunciar um conjunto de medidas para reduzir a circulação dessas mensagens na sua plataforma. A principal delas foi a realização de um acordo com agências de checagem para averiguar a veracidade de publicações. No Brasil, a parceria envolve as agências Lupa, Aos Fatos e France Press. “Esse mecanismo permitiu cortar em até 80% a distribuição orgânica de notícias consideradas falsas por agências de verificação parceiras nos Estados Unidos, onde a ferramenta já está funcionando há algum tempo”, relatou a empresa em nota divulgada em 10 de maio.

          Quem são os 11 novos bilionários da tecnologia em 2018? Veja a lista      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Lista do Bloomberg mostra que entrou para o seleto clube de elite dos ricaços nesta temporada

No mundo dos investidores, empreendedores e grandes nomes das finanças mundiais, há um seleto grupo do qual muitos se gabam quando passam a fazer parte. Também pudera, pois, para chegar ao patamar da elite é necessário ter nada menos do que uma fortuna avaliada em US$ 1 bilhão. Durante os últimos anos, os CEOs das gigantes da tecnologia vêm invadindo cada vez mais essa lista — a exemplo de Mark ZuckerbergJeff Bezos e Bill Gates. E essa tendência continua, com a chegada de 11 novos bilionários nesta temporada.

Periódicos como o Bloomberg Billionaires Index e o Forbes The World’s Billionaires chegam a atualizar esse rol em tempo real. Confira abaixo quem acaba de chegar ao clubinho dos ricos no setor hi-tech, segundo o Bloomberg — só para esclarecer, não se trata de um ranking, apenas uma contagem, certo? Vamos lá:

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          A third of Facebook’s ad revenue growth now comes from Instagram — and it couldn't come at a better time (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

mark zuckerberg facebook

  • Morgan Stanley analysts think Wall Street is still underestimating how much Facebook can grow.
  • In a research note, analysts at the investment bank set the stock a new price target of $215.
  • It's an abrupt turnaround from just a few months ago, when Facebook's share price was getting pummeled in the aftermath of the Cambridge Analytica scandal. And it may be largely due to Instagram.

 

Facebook's reputation has been battered by the Cambridge Analytica scandal, but Facebook's business is humming. One big reason: Instagram. 

The photo-sharing app is turning into an increasingly important money-maker for Facebook.

According to the estimates of  Morgan Stanley analyst Brian Nowak, Instagram will account for 36% of Facebook total ad revenue growth in the second quarter. In a research note published on Tuesday, Nowak reckons that ads on Instagram will bring in $3.8 billion in revenue in Q2, and as much as $4.5 billion in Q4. 

That's especially important as Facebook's flagship social media service continues to experience a slowdown in the growth of its "ad load" — the number of ads that Facebook inserts into the newsfeed. 

The ad load slowdown within Facebook is very deliberate; the company is wary of turning consumers off by barraging them with too many ads. Luckily, Facebook has Instagram and its relatively un-monetized fields of content to pick up the slack. 

 

instagram revenue

And whatever reputational damage Facebook's brand may be suffering, Instagram is more popular than ever with consumers.  The service recently crossed the 1 billion user milestone, and Morgan Stanley notes that the app's active user growth "inflected" in Q2, as Instagram added 750,000 users per day. 

The upshot: The investment bank is pegging its price target for Facebook's stock, which is currently floating around $203, at $215 — and suggests in a best-case scenario it could go as high as $245.

"We believe the Street is still underestimating FB's ability to grow even as ad load slows," Nowak writes. 

Facebook doesn't (yet) break out financial results for Instagram, so it's tough to know precisely how big of a contributor it is. But we'll get a sense about how it's doing by assessing the results of Facebook's overall business when it reports its Q2 earnings on July 25. 

SEE ALSO: The App Store has made Apple at least $40 billion in revenue since it was created 10 years ago today

Join the conversation about this story »

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          Investment Lessons Learned From Warren Buffet      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Most people try to invest and make money but they often end up suffering losses as they make the same mistakes over and over again. Wannabe investors should try to learn and emulate the mind sets of rich people such as Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Michael Dell and Warren Buffet. Let us focus on Warren Buffet, who has been described as the best investor on the planet.
          Facebook fined for data breaches in Cambridge Analytica scandal      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Firm fined £500k for lack of transparency and failing to protect users’ information

Facebook is to be fined £500,000, the maximum amount possible, for its part in the Cambridge Analytica scandal, the information commissioner has announced.

The fine is for two breaches of the Data Protection Act. The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) concluded that Facebook failed to safeguard its users’ information and that it failed to be transparent about how that data was harvested by others.

Related: Revealed: 50 million Facebook profiles harvested for Cambridge Analytica in major data breach

In December 2016, while researching the US presidential election, Carole Cadwalladr came across data analytics company Cambridge Analytica, whose secretive manner and chequered track record belied its bland, academic-sounding name.

Her initial investigations uncovered the role of US billionaire Robert Mercer in the US election campaign: his strategic “war” on mainstream media and his political campaign funding, some apparently linked to Brexit.

She found the first indications that Cambridge Analytica might have used data processing methods that breached the Data Protection Act. That article prompted Britain’s Electoral Commission and the Information Commissioner’s Office to launch investigations whose remits include Cambridge Analytica’s use of data and its possible links to the EU referendum. These investigations are continuing, as is a wider ICO inquiry into the use of data in politics.

While chasing the details and ramifications of complex manipulation of both data and funding law, Cadwalladr came under increasing attacks, both online and professionally, from key players.

The Leave.EU campaign tweeted a doctored video that showed her being violently assaulted, and the Russian embassy wrote to the Observer to complain that her reporting was a “textbook example of bad journalism”.

But the growing profile of her reports also gave whistleblowers confidence that they could trust her to not only understand their stories, but retell them clearly for a wide audience.

Her network of sources and contacts grew to include not only former employees who regretted their work but academics, lawyers and others concerned about the impact on democracy of tactics employed by Cambridge Analytica and associates.

Cambridge Analytica is now the subject of special prosecutor Robert Mueller’s probing of the company’s role in Donald Trump’s presidential election campaign. Investigations in the UK remain live.

Related: Facebook among 30 organisations in UK political data inquiry

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          Farisei e filistei      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
MAGLIETTA ROSSA LA TRIONFERA’


Solo folklore estivo. L’esibizione di esponenti delle sinistre, sotto choc, orfani del potere vestiti con magliette rosse in segno di solidarietà, con i “migranti”. Dicono di essere dalla parte degli “ultimi”, ma chi pensa a noi? 
di Roberto Pecchioli 

0 toto castrista con taranto121 

Maglietta rossa la trionferà, evviva l’immigrazione in gran quantità. L’esibizione di esponenti delle sinistre sotto choc, orfani del potere, vestiti con magliette rosse in segno di solidarietà con i “migranti” può essere derubricata a folklore estivo o liquidata con una battuta come quella con cui abbiamo iniziato l’articolo. Ci sembra invece necessaria una riflessione, giacché il tema dell’immigrazione non è uno dei tanti problemi all’ordine del giorno, ma è il problema per eccellenza della nostra epoca, esito naturale del processo sovrastante, la globalizzazione nella forma della privatizzazione del mondo, fonte di povertà generalizzata unita all’abolizione della sovranità nazionale e di quella popolare.
Se le sinistre occidentali stanno perdendo terreno nonostante l’immenso potere che detengono nella cultura, nella scuola, nell’intrattenimento, nel possesso del linguaggio e nella formazione delle coscienze, è dovuto alla combinazione di due fattori principali: l’abbandono dei ceti popolari autoctoni al contrattacco “di classe” delle oligarchie transnazionali, e il disprezzo per le identità nazionali, sociali, popolari, spirituali, per usi e costumi dei popoli europei, a cui preferiscono le masse terzomondiste. Tuttavia, anche queste motivazioni non spiegano la bancarotta ideale e programmatica progressista, la cui causa profonda è avere assunto le ragioni, accolto i punti di vista, difeso gli interessi del nemico di ieri.

Il simbolo della maglietta rossa, dunque, non è un semplice ritorno nostalgico al passato, ma una vera e propria disperata chiamata alle armi, ancorché in nome di un obiettivo poco popolare, la difesa dell’immigrazione di massa, percepita come invasione da una parte crescente dell’opinione pubblica per le sue dimensioni e per le modalità di cui abbiamo preso coscienza. Contro Matteo Salvini, l’uomo delle felpe, il nuovo nemico assoluto - di cui le sinistre hanno bisogno come dell’aria per respirare -viene alimentato un odio disgustoso, il cui simbolo è la maglietta rossa. La novità è che l’invenzione non è di parte comunista, ma proviene da un prete poco devoto al suo ministero, mediatico e schierato a sinistra, don Luigi Ciotti, fondatore dell’associazione antimafia Libera, abituale oratore alle manifestazioni del 25 aprile.
Non è un caso: i comunisti superstiti hanno perduto la bussola, l’opera di rianimazione della sinistra non può provenire dai becchini del progressismo libertario neoborghese. Viene in soccorso la chiesa cattolica, o quel che ne resta. Don Ciotti ha scelto il colore giusto: il rosso antico che, chissà, potrebbe significare anche porpora cardinalizia. Nella neo Chiesa della “puzza di pecora” (parole di Jorge Mario Bergoglio) nulla può stupire, tranne la fedeltà al deposito della fede.  Hanno trovato una nuova ragione di vita: meno evangelizzazione, dottrina poca o punta, tutto per i migranti. Migrante: un participio presente, un vocabolo “liquido”, una condizione provvisoria come la società intera. Don Ciotti, quelli della maglietta rossa e un vasto settore d’ élite (!!!) hanno trovato l’uomo, come Diogene: homo migrans, il nuovo sottoproletario, il prolet di Orwell. Pazienza per la caduta di stile del giornalista medio orientale Gad Lerner, fierissimo nella sua maglietta troppo stretta, fotografato con Rolex al polso. Il nuovo simbolo piace alla gente che si piace.
Esistono due attitudini uguali e contrarie delle avverse tifoserie: la curva Salvini detesta gli immigrati, la tribuna Ciotti, Saviano, Lerner ha in uggia la gente comune che non vuole immigrati. Entrambe le parti sbagliano avversario. Non si può detestare lo straniero come tale, né disprezzare la sua condizione: il nemico è il sistema di potere che sradica, induce, costringe alle migrazioni, sfrutta, ingrassa su di esse. Schiavista è Soros con la sua ricca Open Society, schiavisti e negrieri gli scafisti delle centrali che per scopi di dominazione planetaria impongono la globalizzazione. Ci tediano da decenni con le cosiddette quattro libertà: dei capitali, delle merci, dei servizi, delle persone.

00 vecchio comunista
Dicono di essere dalla parte degli “ultimi”. Ma chi pensa a noi, i milioni di penultimi schifati dalle élite, traditi dalle sinistre politiche e beffati dalla Chiesa?

L’esito è sotto gli occhi: l’Africa attraversata da milioni di giovani uomini, le sabbie della Libia un magazzino umano a cielo aperto, le navi “umanitarie”, i tanti che si arricchiscono di là e di qua del mare. Le città e i paesi pieni a scoppiare di giovanotti nullafacenti: come potrebbe essere diversamente? Vanno alimentati, curati, e poi? Maglietta rossa non trionferà, perché ha già vinto il cosmopolitismo delle oligarchie nemiche. Migranti a vita gli uni, nomadi per scelta imposta dall’alto noi, specie i giovani. Lì c’è il nemico, e bisognerebbe davvero che i vecchi arsenali ideologici, incapaci di rappresentare il presente, venissero abbandonati per sempre. La sinistra indossa la maglietta rossa che garantisce gli interessi del Signore e irrita il Servo, continuando a giocare per la squadra avversaria. La destra abbaia agli immigrati, ma non mette in discussione il modello generale, la cui fosca coerenza porta più stranieri, meno diritti sociali, maggiore insicurezza, fine di secolari appartenenze, frantumazione di ogni equilibrio comunitario, deserto di principi condivisi.
Le due tifoserie perdono entrambe la partita. Don Ciotti, dal canto suo, segue le orme di tanti sacerdoti (religiosi?) che hanno scambiato l’agostiniana città di Dio con la Babilonia degli uomini. Pensiamo a Don Mazzolari, convinto che il difetto del comunismo fosse il materialismo, rimosso il quale cristianesimo e marxismo erano destinati a incontrarsi. Un ingenuo, come il Don Milani della Lettera a una professoressa, cantore sospetto dell’amore per i ragazzi poveri, profeta di un 68 clericale. Il peggiore fu probabilmente Giuseppe Dossetti, l’ex politico divenuto monaco, un ruolo importante nel Concilio, finissimo intelletto per il quale la Costituzione era il Vangelo. Bizzarra analogia con Lutero: sola scriptura.  
Forse ciò spiega l’insistenza con cui settori cattolici, come i gesuiti della stagione palermitana Sorge e Pintacuda, hanno lavorato sul concetto di “legalità” tanto caro a Ciotti. Per una nobile causa, la lotta alla mafia, il fine giustificava i mezzi, nonostante l’avversione per Machiavelli, ma intanto si scambiava la legalità (ovvero l’imperio concreto della norma vigente) con la legge naturale. A essere conseguenti, non i progressisti, ma i cattolici alla Ciotti dovrebbero essere i più intransigenti difensori dell’aborto – una legge dello Stato- e del matrimonio omosessuale. E’ legale, quindi è giusto. Vero Don Ciotti che ha sostituito il maglione scuro – di abito talare o di clergyman nemmeno a parlare – con la maglietta rossa rivelando finalmente i suoi sentimenti?
Trasformati in guru della sinistra in gramaglie, i preti dovranno aggiornarne il linguaggio. Magare convincere i compagni di magliette a ritrovare un pezzo del vecchio armamentario della sinistra d’antan. Assunto il linguaggio dei “padroni”, non sanno più nulla di rapporti di produzione, esercito industriale di riserva (ieri le donne, oggi gli immigrati), confondono l’internazionalismo con il cosmopolitismo, la libertà con la liberazione, i diritti individuali con quelli popolari.  Certo, il nemico ha bisogno di un volto e di un nome. Più facile prendersela con il Sciur padrun da li beli braghi bianchi. Lo incontravi davvero, era arrogante e sfruttava. Adesso ci sono i manager, i CEO, i dirigenti delle grandi corporazioni multinazionali, i vertici delle entità finanziarie, gli sconosciuti che manovrano la Borsa con la collaborazione decisiva di matematici e informatici abili nell’elaborazione di algoritmi, le “autorità monetarie”, gli azionisti speculatori a breve termine.
Sono più potenti dei commendatori di ieri, più violenti, sfruttano in maniera più completa e subdola, guadagnano incomparabilmente di più degli industriali del secolo passato. Però non si vedono, e quando appaiono fingono progressismo, filantropia. Indossano magliette grigie come Zuckerberg, maglioni griffati come Marchionne. La proprietà “dei mezzi di produzione”, che oggi non sono più le officine, ma l’apparato tecnologico, informatico e finanziario è divenuta opaca. Eppure sono gli stessi di prima, anzi il loro numero è inferiore al passato, poiché la concorrenza vale innanzitutto all’interno. Hanno abbattuto senza pietà migliaia di imprese radicate nel territorio, nulla può importare loro della deportazione di milioni di uomini, se serve a destabilizzare i popoli e rafforzare il loro dominio.
Svegliatevi, magliette rosse, e svegliatevi anche voi, tifosi di Salvini. Il nemico non è l’uomo nero – di pelle o di presunta ideologia – ma il sistema globale, quello che esternalizza il lavoro, lo delocalizza, poi elude per migliaia di miliardi le imposte poiché non ha un territorio, ma solo delle sedi, di preferenza in luoghi chiamati paradisi fiscali. Nemica è la razza apolide dei finanzieri creatori di denaro dal nulla, che generosamente prestano cliccando su uno dei loro server. Infine si appropriano del nostro lavoro chiedendoci in denaro e beni reali ciò che hanno finto di concedere come promessa di credito, gravato da interessi.
La vecchia e nuova sinistra ha sottovalutato, nonostante i moniti del giovane Marx, il ruolo della finanza e il gioco diabolico della moneta. Gli immigrati solo soltanto le ultime vittime, simbolo dolente, inconsapevole della globalizzazione tesa alla omogeneizzazione zootecnica dell’uomo, prima persona, poi cittadino, indi individuo, risorsa umana, e, di caduta in caduta nomade, precario, migrante. L’invasore che ci aspetteremmo di vedere smascherato e combattuto dalle magliette rosse, è il feudalesimo di ritorno, con il suoparterre di vassalli, valvassori e valvassini, cui, per le mutate esigenze di produzione e riproduzione del sistema, non interessano servi della gleba legati alla terra, ma nomadi transumanti da un capo all’altro del mondo, schiavi da spostare come su una scacchiera o su un modello di giochi di guerra.
Per questo lottano accanitamente per abbattere costruzioni politiche di cui si sono serviti in passato; gli Stati nazionali, troppo piccoli e coesi per i loro interessi, l’idea di democrazia e soprattutto a quella di sovranità. Hanno pressoché completato la demolizione della sovranità nazionale, adesso lavorano a schiacciare quella popolare. I popoli avevano diritto a votare con lo schema “un uomo, un voto” finché lorsignori erano in grado di prevedere, orientare e precostituire gli esiti, ma se il popolaccio si ribella, allora perché permettergli di esprimersi?  Le obiezioni dei reazionari d’altri tempi contro la democrazia e il suffragio universale fioriscono sulla bocca dei servitori dell’oligarchia feudale e finanziaria.
Ogni popolazione, da sempre, è diffidente verso gli stranieri. Lo afferma la parola stessa, che richiama l’estraneità. Ci fidiamo di chi riconosciamo, di chi parla e pensa come noi, di chi ha la nostra faccia e le medesime radici. Per questo le civiltà tradizionali hanno considerato sacro l’ospite straniero. Occorreva sottrarlo all’ostilità, riconoscerlo come essere umano titolare di dignità nella diversità. Gli stranieri, quando sono in numero modesto, sono in genere bene accetti. Allorché il numero allarma e il potere pubblico mostra di preferirli ai concittadini, come capita da anni, la musica cambia e la gente ritorna, confusamente, popolo.
Le magliette rosse sono il segno visibile di chi preferisce gli “altri” a “noi”. E non ci raccontino la storiella che non esiste l’Altro, siamo tutti fratelli e via dicendo. Soprattutto, non pontifichino da comodi pulpiti, salotti felpati, eleganti sotto e sopra la maglietta rossa, con il Rolex e la calcolatrice per valutare il profitto dell’affare dell’accoglienza. Il presidente dell’Inps, Boeri, un economista di regime, si affanna a raccontare che saranno gli immigrati a pagarci le pensioni. Due obiezioni, una di merito e una di principio. Come possono pagare le pensioni questi giovani maschi africani se non hanno un lavoro, e quando ne hanno uno, è precario e sottopagato, in concorrenza al ribasso con i milioni di poveri nostrani, afflitti da bassi stipendi e ancor più miseri contributi sociali? Inoltre, merita di sopravvivere il popolo italiano? Certo, non è una domanda per economisti, abituati ai modelli matematici, alla tabelle e alle previsioni fallite dal punto di vista dei cittadini comuni, ma assai favorevoli per le minoranze oligarchiche.

MAGLIETTA ROSSA LA TRIONFERA’

di Roberto Pecchioli

continua su:
http://www.accademianuovaitalia.it/index.php/contro-informazione/lo-smemorato-siberiano/6267-maglietta-rossa-la-trionfera

          Facebook faces £500k fine for Cambridge Analytica scandal      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Months after the Facebook and Cambridge Analytica scandal broke, and it seems like the social network will finally have to pay up. According to various news outlets, the UK's Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) have fined Zuckerberg and Co. a pre...
          Apple et Google questionnés à leur tour par le Congrès américain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Après les auditions de Mark Zuckerberg, quatre élus de la Chambre des représentants demandent à Tim Cook et Larry Page, directeurs généraux d'Apple et Alphabet, des précisions sur l'accès de tiers aux données des utilisateurs.
          The UK’s privacy watchdog has fined Facebook £500,000 — the maximum amount — over Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Facebook CEO Mark ZuckerbergFacebook is being fined the maximum amount possible after being accused of breaking the law twice over the scandal.
          “A Nation Built On Lies” (Part 2)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
“A Nation Built On Lies” (Part 2)
by James Quinn

"In Part 1 of this article I detailed the damage done by the Deep State and the inevitability of another financial crisis destined to propel this Fourth Turning into its next most violent stage. Now I will examine whether Jordan Peterson’s rules for life can alleviate some of the pain headed our way.

Peterson’s reality-based assessment of our broken societal system has infuriated the social justice warriors and media propagandists whose narratives are based upon lies, misinformation, fake news, and a pliable dumbed down populace distracted by their techno-gadgets. The machinations of the Deep State (Wall Street cabal, Fed, captured politicians, shadowy billionaires, military industrial complex, surveillance agencies, corporate media) are dependent upon the masses believing their big lies and unquestioningly trusting their provably false narratives.

Telling the truth and demolishing these false narratives with facts is the only way to fight those who have chosen the side of evil. Remaining silent in the face of their lies allows tyranny to expand inexorably and fill the vacuum left by the dearth of courageous truth tellers.

The forces of tyranny are winning. Our banking, financial, political, and media structures are wracked by corruption and controlled by a “few” insiders for the benefit of themselves and their cronies. Smedley Butler said war was a racket, but every institution is now a racket, with a corrupt powerful cadre of evil men reaping riches at the expense of the many. Their rackets are based upon nothing but lies and the continued blissful ignorance of the masses to their flagrant criminal activities.

The dark side of human nature has been on full display as the country has been hijacked by organizations run by psychopaths like Brennan, Clapper, Comey, Soros, Dimon, Bernanke, Paulson, Rubin, Zuckerberg, Bezos and a multitude of lesser known, but equally dangerous, psychopaths infecting government, business and the media.

Those pulling the strings of our ever-degrading society share many of the same traits – superficially charming, pathologically deceitful, manipulative, accepting no responsibility for their actions, lacking empathy, absence of guilt, no humility, dishonest, treacherous, having a grandiose sense of self-worth, and prone to dangerous destructive risk taking. These are the people who rise to power when citizens become lazy, disinterested, willfully ignorant, distracted by social media, dumbed down by government run education, and easily led to believe falsehoods peddled by a media doing the bidding of the psychopaths in power.

Just listen to Brennan or Clapper on fake news CNN or MSNBC to get a glimpse of psychopaths in action. It’s almost as if they believe their own lies. The faux journalist millionaires questioning these scumbags aren’t paid by their corporate masters to uncover the truth, but perpetuate the narrative of lies.
Silence in the face of evil and injustice is condoning such behavior. Wall Street banking executives, rating agency executives, mortgage lenders, government apparatchiks, corrupt politicians, and captured central bankers wrecked the worldwide financial system in 2008, while conducting the largest control fraud heist in history.

They reaped the riches on the way up and when it inevitably blew up, crushed the life savings of the peasants and should have bankrupted the Wall Street perpetrator institutions, they shifted the losses to taxpayers. Not one culprit of this earth-shattering fraud went to jail. The Deep State circled the wagons, protected themselves, and used their propaganda media to paint false narratives regarding the causes and perpetrators. Wall Street won. Main Street lost, again.

We are now experiencing a sordid replay, as a surveillance state coup initiated by Obama and carried out by top government officials in the DNC, FBI, DOJ and NSA against Trump should result in the imprisonment of these traitors in just system. Instead, the culprits continue to investigate the provably false accusations of Russian collusion as a distraction from their own crimes.

These psychopaths are so invested in their criminal charade, they are willing to risk conflict with Russia to retain their power and control over the surveillance state. Government apparatchiks go through the motions of pretending to investigate, issuing thousand-page reports, holding hearings, and presenting a picture of action to the ignorant masses. No one is prosecuted, no one will go to prison, and the Deep State remains in control. The white hats are not winning.

Ideologues remain firmly in dominion over the day to day machinations of our society. The ideologies of two party state are an over-simplification of a complex reality, based upon lies. Slogans and bullet points are a simple-minded substitute for the messy truth of a multifaceted world and are geared to appeal to the emotions of a populace who have been trained to feel rather than think by the State.

The remedies and solutions put forth by the two party Deep State ideologues to make the world a better place consistently make the world far worse for the majority. The remedies and solutions always result in further enrichment and hegemony of those implementing the remedies and solutions. Their blatant self-interest and hubris will ultimately lead to chaos and hopefully their downfall.

You can feel the pressure building daily as these men of low character ignore the dangerous environment they have created with no acknowledgement of the consequences of their actions. It is apparent chaos, confusion, and disarray are beneficial to the powers that be as they attempt to retain and expand their control over the operating systems of our society.

The never-ending culture war incidents propagandized by the mainstream media; organized violent resistance by BLM and Antifa paid for by Soros; and the gun grabbing protests staged after each school shooting by left wing funded organizations, are nothing but diversions designed to keep the population focused on trivialities while those in power pillage and loot the national treasury, leaving nothing but worthless IOUs.

There is no good guy superman coming to save the day. The lure of power and money distorts and derails the efforts of courageous men and women to try and change the system from within. Anyone telling the truth and challenging the status quo, as Representative Jim Jordan has been doing, is immediately attacked with false accusations and destroyed by the Deep State. Ask Snowden or Assange about the implications of revealing the truth about the Deep State.
How do you defeat the Deep State? As aptly described ninety years ago by Edward Bernays, they constitute the invisible government manipulating the public mind, molding our tastes, presenting their ideas as our own, pulling the strings behind the curtain and dominating every sphere of our daily lives. When viewed from 50,000 feet it seems hopeless. How can one man or one woman do anything to defeat an enemy as strong as those of enormous wealth controlling the levers of politics, finance, banking, war, healthcare, education, media, and culture?

With millions of zombie-like citizens mesmerized by their screens and lacking critical thinking skills, basic mathematical skills, and willfully ignorant of the truth, it is more than an uphill battle. But there are men and women of strong character and courage willing to do whatever it takes to prevail against adversity and evil.

Anyone with their eyes wide open can see the country is on pathway towards chaos. The divisions grow deeper by the day. Animosity intensifies with each social justice incident flame, fanned by the pliant media. The violence escalates as competing factions represent the vanguard for the coming civil war. The polarizing presence of Donald Trump in the White House tweeting taunts at his enemies on the left, right and in the media, is acting as a trigger for the next phase of our current Fourth Turning.

We are on a journey into darkness, lost in a blizzard of lies and deceit, victimized by our own failure to tell the truth, accept the truth, and insist our leaders convey the truth. I know not whether good or evil will prevail in the coming tests, but the potential for catastrophe is high. Could the country descend into chaos and end up in the midst of totalitarian subjugation? After decades of suppression, when this fire starts, it will be devastating.

“Forest fires burn out deadwood and return trapped elements to the soil. Sometimes, however, fires are suppressed, artificially. That does not stop the deadwood from accumulating. Sooner or later, a fire will start. When it does, it will burn so hot that everything will be destroyed—even the soil in which the forest grows.” ― Jordan B. Peterson, "12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos"

Defeating the Deep State will not occur in one grand, do or die, battle. They must be defeated using guerrilla war tactics of hit and run by small units of courageous truth tellers. We know the Deep State is led by self-centered psychopaths who can become blinded by their own hubris and arrogance. They have been emboldened by their success during the 21st Century and have gotten reckless with their debt based financial schemes, surveillance activities, and blatant disregard for the democratic process.

Their machinations will lead to another financial crisis which will make 2008 seem like a walk in the park. This will offer the truth tellers an opportunity to present pure stark facts for others to hear and contemplate, so enough people can be convinced to find common ground and proceed forward towards a better tomorrow.

With Western values and norms, based on a common culture, common language, common religion, and shared responsibility for future unborn generations, being attacked and denigrated, many are wallowing in nihilism, falling prey to the despondency of purposelessness. Our nation was built upon a foundation of values and traditions built up slowly over two centuries. We learned to live together and organize our complex society through trial and error over long periods of time.

The recent attempts by vocal violent minorities to overturn centuries of social norms to adhere to their warped ideologies is tearing the civic fabric of our society. These attempts at social revolution are destabilizing, dangerous and will lead to violence in the streets. Inflicting the beliefs of a few upon the many is a recipe for disaster. The talk of civil war is permeating the airwaves and blogosphere.

It may seem quaint and naive, but for good to win out over evil will take individuals showing the courage to speak the truth when the majority don’t want to listen and have been brainwashed by the Deep State propaganda machine. There will be no savior riding in on a white horse to save the day. Believing that nonsense is for the weak minded and cowardly. Individuals must step forward and do the right thing.

I have dedicated the last nine years of my blog to promoting the truth in the face of a constant barrage of lies from my government, central bankers, Wall Street, and the fake news media. I’ve tried to tell the truth to the best of my ability. I’ve encouraged other truth telling people to make their voices heard. I post articles by others I believe to be truth tellers. At times it seems useless, as the liars and knaves continue to win.

Telling the truth has had negative financial impacts, as Deep State co-conspirators Google, Amazon and Yahoo have banned my site. Websites such as Seeking Alpha, Financial Sense, Op-Ed News and Safe Haven that once published my articles no longer do so, because my truth telling wasn’t beneficial to their bottom line. Wall Street scum and left wing social justice warriors have called my employer to demand my firing.

Each individual has an obligation to make a difference in this world by telling the blunt, unvarnished truth. This country is broken. It can only be repaired through the efforts of courageous truth telling individuals, willing to make a stand on behalf of future generations. If enough individuals can be persuaded to tell the truth and listen to the truth, a tipping point can be reached and the Deep State will crumble into a pile of toxic rubble. Everyone needs to follow Peterson’s simple rule: “Tell the truth. Or, at least, don’t lie.”
“We must each adopt as much responsibility as possible for individual life, society and the world. We must each tell the truth and repair what is in disrepair and break down and recreate what is old and outdated. It is in this manner that we can and must reduce the suffering that poisons the world. It’s asking a lot. It’s asking for everything. But the alternative— the horror of authoritarian belief, the chaos of the collapsed state, the tragic catastrophe of the unbridled natural world, the existential angst and weakness of the purposeless individual - is clearly worse.” - Jordan B. Peterson, 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos

          Errores que debes evitar al trabajar con anuncios en Facebook      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Según información de 2017 presentada por Statista, Facebook es la segunda red social más usada para fines profesionales a nivel mundial, según lo destacó el 74 por ciento de los profesionales del marketing consultados. Pese a que LinkedIn ocupa el primer lugar según la información anterior, la red social de Mark Zuckerberg no deja de […]

The post Errores que debes evitar al trabajar con anuncios en Facebook appeared first on Revista Merca2.0.


          UK privacy watchdog fines Facebook 18 mins of profit (£500,000) for Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Wow, Mark Zuckerberg must be really, really terrified

Facebook faces a £500,000 ($665,000) fine from the UK’s data protection watchdog, the ICO, for failing to protect netizens' info nor tell them how their data would be harvested by apps.…


          Mark Cuban explains the steps any parent should take when their child has an idea for a business — whether you think it's good or not      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

mark cuban

  • Mark Cuban said it's up to parents to guide their children when they show an entrepreneurial streak.
  • In his upcoming book "Kid Start-Up," Cuban said parents can help their children by coming up with an action plan for their business idea.
  • Parents can also help by setting realistic goals and by encouraging their children, regardless of their business ideas.


Parents can often get in the way of their children's success.

So when your child shows an entrepreneurial streak at a young age, you should take their ideas seriously and let them play out naturally.

That's what Mark Cuban, the billionaire investor and "Shark Tank" personality, wrote in his upcoming book "Kid Start-Up," set for release in August. The book is Cuban's second on the subject of child entrepreneurship, following 2017's "How Any Kid Can Start a Business," co-written by Shaan Patel and Ian McCue.

Cuban said that parents can guide their children to success in the business world by helping them set goals and by drafting an action plan for their business idea.

"Parents can support their children's business plans in a couple of ways, the first being coming up with an action plan that the parent and child can both fill out," Cuban told Business Insider in an email.

"The action plan lays out the details such as how many hours per week will you need to work, what materials you will need, and how you will sell your product or service," he continued. "This will help the parent gauge whether or not the business idea is semi-feasible."

Cuban said that by setting realistic goals with your child and encouraging their ideas, you can teach them good business judgment, an important skill at any age.

"Being an entrepreneur means having to learn, focus, and connect to people and these are all traits that are valuable throughout life. Learning this when you are young is especially crucial, and will set you up for success and to be more open to other opportunities," Cuban told Business Insider.

"It doesn't matter if it's the video game Fortnite or making and selling slime," he said. "Finding something they want to learn about and helping them find things to read about sets a natural path to turning that knowledge into a business."

It's an important lesson for entrepreneurs — both young and old.

SEE ALSO: The best —and worst — habits of Mark Zuckerberg, Jeff Bezos, and more successful people

DON'T MISS: 11 of the best books you can read in a week

Join the conversation about this story »

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           34歲CEO「日賺1.8億」身家飆破2.4兆 超越股神成全球第3大富豪       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
34歲CEO「日賺1.8億」身家飆破2.4兆 超越股神成全球第3大富豪
社群巨頭Faceboo(臉書)今年初捲入個資外洩疑雲,不過該公司執行長祖克柏(Mark Zuckerberg)挺過國會聽證考驗,還繳出漂亮的財報,推升股價開始反彈,使得他的身家也跟著水漲船高,飆破逾800億美元,擠下股神巴菲特(Warren Buffett),一舉成為全球第3大富豪。 《詳全文...》
          Datenskandal: Höchststrafe für Facebook      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Nach dem Skandal um die Beratungsfirma Cambridge Analytica wird der Social-Media-Gigant zur Kasse gebeten.
Im Skandal um millionenfach weitergegebene Facebook-Nutzerdaten will die britische Datenschutzbehörde ICO den US-Konzern mit einer Strafe von 500.000 Pfund (565.000 Euro) belegen.
          Questions are being raised about Facebook's decision to give a Russian internet company temporary special access to its user data (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Mark Zuckerberg and Yuri MilnerSteve Jennings/Getty Images for Breakthrough Prize

  • Facebook acknowledged that it gave Mail.Ru special access to user data after 2015, when it officially ended the system that allowed third-party apps to access user data.
  • Mail.Ru was among dozens of companies that were granted special temporary access to Facebook user data.
  • Mail.Ru has ties to the Kremlin, according to news reports.


Facebook is facing fresh scrutiny over its data-sharing practices following the publication of reports highlighting how a Russian internet giant with ties to the Russian government gained access to user data. 

On Tuesday, CNN and Wired published reports exploring how Mail.Ru built apps that were able to access Facebook user data after the social network locked down its platform in 2015. Facebook recently disclosed in written testimony to US Congress that Mail.Ru had built apps that integrated with its platform — and that it was one of a select group of app makers that was given an extension beyond the formal 2015 cut-off date.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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BI PRIME: A third of Facebook’s ad revenue growth now comes from Instagram — and it couldn't come at a better time


          The UK's privacy watchdog has fined Facebook £500,000 — the maximum amount — over Cambridge Analytica (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

facebook ceo mark zuckerbergChip Somodevilla/Getty Images

  • Facebook has been fined £500,000 by UK regulator the ICO over the Cambridge Analytica scandal.
  • It's the maximum amount possible under law, but given Facebook's size it's just a slap on the wrist.
  • The regulator says Facebook broke the law, breaching the UK Data Protection Act twice.
  • British politicians are now calling on Facebook to be more transparent about its internal investigation into data misuse.


The British data regulator plans to fine Facebook the maximum amount possible over the Cambridge Analytica scandal.

On Tuesday, the ICO (Information Commissioner's Office) announced that it will hit Facebook with a £500,000 (roughly $663,000) penalty over two breaches of the UK Data Protection Act linked to the incident, in which political research firm Cambridge Analytica misappropriated tens of millions of users' personal data.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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BI PRIME: From denial to despair — Cambridge Analytica insiders describe the hectic final weeks at the embattled company


          RAICES To Cover Bonds For Separated Immigrant Families      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

After raising $20 billion in a massive crowdfunding campaign, the Refugee and Immigrant Center for Education and Legal Services (RAICES) has stated they plan to post bonds for immigrant families separated at the border, according to The Hill. RAICES is a Texas non-profit organization that strives to provide legal services to immigrants and refugees.

The non-profit was gifted the funds after a California couple started a Facebook fundraiser, titled “Reunite an immigrant parent with their child” according to the Huffington Post. Within a matter of days, there had been millions of dollars donated to the cause. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and COO Sheryl Sandberg each donated over $10 million. To date, the fundraiser is the largest the social network had ever seen.

In a press release addressing the recent situation at the U.S. border in which thousands of immigrant families have been separated, RAICES executive director Jonathan Ryan stated that their organization was more than willing to take on the job of paying off the bonds.

Click here to continue and read more...


          Pressure To Break Up Facebook Builds      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

America’s largest communications union, the 700,000-member Communications Workers of America (CWA), has joined an activist coalition called Freedom from Facebook that seeks to break up the monopolistic social media giant.

So far the groups supporting the Freedom From Facebook coalition are predominantly left-wing. Among them are MoveOn.org and Public Citizen. Facebook has about 2 billion users worldwide.

But the ideological makeup of the FFF coalition could change in a heartbeat if Facebook continues down its intolerant, authoritarian path. That’s because conservatives have long been abused by Facebook and this ill treatment has only intensified since the election of President Donald Trump. Conservatives are getting wise to being used and taken advantage of and they don’t like it.

The Left claims to have only the purest motives for wanting to take action against Facebook.

“We should all be deeply concerned by Facebook’s power over our lives and democracy,” said Brian Thorn of CWA, the newest member of the Freedom From Facebook coalition. 

Facebook’s workers are not represented by CWA, but the union does represent more than 100,000 employees at AT&T Inc. Facebook’s contracted shuttle drivers and cafeteria workers reportedly belong to labor unions.

The Left views Facebook and other social media companies as cash cows. They want to recruit their employees as dues-paying labor union members. Probably no more than a handful of left-wing activists actually believe FFF’s “Facebook is a threat to democracy” rhetoric.

Facebook is now in the process of negotiating favorable regulations with Congress and regulators. As Bloomberg News reports:

Facebook disclosed July 2 that it’s cooperating with probes by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the Federal Bureau of Investigation on how political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica obtained personal information from as many as 87 million of the site’s users without their consent. The FTC, the Department of Justice and some state regulators were already probing the matter, which prompted Facebook Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg to testify before Congress in April. Facebook also faces calls for regulation from many lawmakers and the public over the privacy issue, Russian efforts to manipulate the 2016 presidential election and the spread of false information on the platform.

CWA is demanding action. For the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to leave Facebook’s monopoly intact and fail to impose stronger privacy protection rules “would be unfair to the American people, our privacy, and our democracy,” Thorn told Bloomberg News.

With algorithm changes, Facebook can – and does – destroy right-leaning media outlets and websites at will.

Early this year a Facebook algorithm change crushed engagement rates on conservative groups’ pages. The change killed off the Facebook-driven websites Rare.us and LittleThings and is strangling other sites.

Facebook killed Right Wing News, a website run by Townhall contributor John Hawkins.

“Social media IS the new public square,” Hawkins writes. “It’s the place you go when you want to reach out and find an audience,” except that “Facebook has for all intents and purposes announced that it’s killing off pages. So much for having a conservative voice there.”

A study by Western Journal found the algorithm change gave 25 left-leaning media organizations a 1.86 percent bump in Facebook traffic, while 25 right-leaning media outfits averaged a 13.71 percent drop.

These figures matter because record numbers of Americans now get their news from Facebook.

“Nearly half of all U.S. adults (45%) get news from Facebook,” a Pew Research Center study reports. “The share of U.S. adults who get news through Facebook is much higher than the share who get news through YouTube (18%), Twitter (11%), Instagram (7%), Snapchat (5%), LinkedIn (5%) and other platforms.”

Facebook only backed off of Trump boosters Diamond and Silk after its “shadow-banning”—covertly blocking or limiting the reach—of the popular page of Lynnette Hardaway and Rochelle Richardson received national attention during a congressional hearing.

Diamond and Silk lamented that Facebook allows “appalling” things – “videos of people getting shot, killed, and beat up… they even show pictures of our President decapitated.”

Although all the women do is talk on camera, Facebook flagged their page as “unsafe to the community,” without elaborating. Grilled by Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn.), Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg said in that case “our team made an enforcement error and we have already gotten in touch with them to reverse it.”

Despite this encouraging reversal, Facebook continues to enable Muslim terrorists. Facebook has been named in a handful of lawsuits by survivors of recent terrorist attacks, for providing material support to groups such as Islamic State by failing to take down the pages of terrorist organizations. Facebook is also a safe place for Antifa, the self-styled “anti-fascist” terrorists who assault Trump supporters and shut down conservative and Republican events.

In 2016, former Facebook employees spilled the beans about the social media company’s censorship practices and promotion of fake news.

As summarized by Bre Payton of the Federalist:

The topics aren’t selected by an auto-generated algorithm, but by young, Ivy League-educated journalists called “news curators.” These individuals were instructed to adhere to the company’s biased guidelines and enabled to let their own agendas run amok. These individuals revealed they were instructed to blackball conservative publications like The Blaze and Breitbart.

… news curators were instructed to ignore certain news topics or events altogether, and told to place items on the list that Facebook users weren’t actually talking about enough to make the topics trend.

Whenever a conservative outlet would break a story, the news curators would wait until another “more neutral” news outlet had picked it up before placing it on the list of trending topics. News events were excluded from the list unless more traditional news outlets, such as CNN or BBC, picked it up first.

Facebook also deliberately suppressed legitimate news stories on topics such as Obama IRS official Lois Lerner’s targeting of Tea Party and conservative groups.

Now it seems anti-Americanism is built into Facebook’s algorithms: Facebook flagged the Declaration of Independence as hate speech last week apparently because the foundational document made unflattering observations about King George III. Facebook claimed the flagging was inadvertent and reversed the block.

“It looks like we made a mistake and removed something you posted on Facebook that didn’t go against our Community Standards,” Facebook wrote in an email to the media outlet that made the original post. “We want to apologize and let you know that we’ve restored your content and removed any blocks on your account related to this incorrect action.”

Those who pay attention to Facebook’s censorship know better.

The idea of America itself goes against leftist Facebook’s beloved community standards. No wonder the Declaration of Independence set off alarm bells.

Photo: Johan Larsson


          Mundial de Rusia 2018: ¿puede la inmigración explicar el éxito de Francia, Bélgica e Inglaterra?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Getty ImagesDe la alineación inicial del equipo belga que jugó contra Brasil en los cuartos de final, cinco jugadores tienen al menos un padre inmigrante: (atrás, de izquierda a derecha) Romelu Lukaku (RD Congo), Axel Witsel (Martinica), Vincent Kompany (RD Congo) y Marouane Fellaini (Marruecos); (adelante): Nacer Chadli (Marruecos).Tres de los cuatro equipos de las semifinales de Rusia 2018 tienen en sus filas muchos hijos de inmigrantes de primera generación.
          Why Are Young Billionaires So Boring?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   


Early in Warren Buffett’s life, his father failed to get hired at the family grocery store during the Great Depression. Without a job, and without any money after a run on the banks, the family of four ran up a tab of grocery bills at the store to put food on the table, and even then, his mother sometimes skipped meals. Leila Buffett, beset by stress and with a mind likely impacted by linotype fumes she inhaled as a child, would often berate her two small children.
From this nadir, the family gradually achieved more secure financial footing. His father started a stock brokerage and eventually went on to become a four-term congressman. Young Warren started showing an aptitude for numbers. He became obsessed with timing everything, calculating odds, even tallying the frequency of the letters that appeared in the bible most frequently, according to The Snowball: Warren Buffett and the Business of Life. By age 15 he managed to earn thousands working his local paper route. The rest, as they say, is history.
Warren Buffett
Photographer: Daniel Acker/Bloomberg
On Friday, the legendary investor, 87, was surpassed in wealth by 34-year-old Mark Zuckerberg. The gap was closed in part by Facebook’s surging stock—up 15 percent this year so far—and in part by Buffett’s large charitable cash outflows. Today, the three richest people in the world, Jeff Bezos, Bill Gates and Zuckerberg, have all made their fortunes in tech.
Compared to Buffett and many of his contemporaries, Zuckerberg’s childhood was more banal. He grew up in Dobbs Ferry, a small middle-class suburb of New York, the son of a dentist and a psychiatrist. He started using his father’s computer at a young age, and showed an early facility for programming, before graduating from an elite prep school.
Mark Zuckerberg in 2007.
Photographer: Daniel Acker/Bloomberg
Zuckerberg’s story is typical of the slate of newly minted technology billionaires in the ranks of the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. And there are a lot of them. With 64 technology businessmen and women on Bloomberg's list, which tracks the world’s 500 richest people, the industry has produced more billionaires than any other (unless you count inheritances—there’s a lot of inherited wealth on the list, too). This year alone, tech has created 11 new billionaires.
But there's something missing from the foundational stories of this new group of self-made men (yes, they’re mostly men). Where earlier generations' formative experiences revolved around paper routes and pathos, today's prototypical founding story involves an upper-middle-class childhood, early access to a computer, and an elite education—even if that education was abandoned. Before he famously walked out of Harvard University, Zuckerberg created an instant messaging system for his dad's dental practice at age 12. At 15, Twitter's Jack Dorsey was dazzling his bosses during a programming internship. And Uber's Travis Kalanick was writing code by middle school.
Jack Dorsey
Photographer: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg
The self-made man has always played a profound role in the American imagination. Horatio Alger wrote stories of plucky, lower-class strivers who made their way in the world by dint of honesty and hard work. Hollywood has fetishized the underdog since movies were invented. And for years, the business world offered real stories too.
But the modern rise of the Harvard dropout (or New York University in Dorsey's case, or UCLA in Kalanick's case), complicates that story. Today's founders are long on brilliance, but short on hardship. It's difficult, after all, to become a computer prodigy without a computer. That dollop of privilege speaks to a larger trend in the American economy: For millions of low-income people, it's getting harder to build something from nothing. In order to drop out of Harvard, first you have to get in.
Buffett, with a father who was a politician and investor, often jokes that despite the family’s temporary bout with poverty, he won the “ovarian lottery.” He would eventually attend Columbia Business School and study with renowned investor Benjamin Graham. But for many leaders of Buffett’s generation, dorm rooms weren’t a part of the origin story. Consider Bruton Smith, who until he stepped down as CEO of Speedway Motorsports Inc. in 2015 at age 88, was one of the oldest serving public company leaders. Smith grew up on a farm, never went to college, and once took a shotgun to a construction site to settle a labor dispute. Oil baron Harold Hamm, born in 1945 as the youngest of 13 children of Oklahoma sharecroppers, drilled his first oil well at age 25 (it eventually paid for college).  And then there's recently deceased casino and movie magnate Kirk Kerkorian, born in 1917, who faked documentation of a high school graduation in order to join the military as a pilot.
In some ways, it's great to live in the age of the nerd. And it’s tough to mourn the decline of Wall Street-style corporate machismo. But a poor kid growing up today may find it much harder to emulate the life path of someone like Zuckerberg, who coded an instant messaging system before hitting puberty, than that of even Goldman Sachs CEO Lloyd Blankfein, who grew up in Brooklyn housing projects and at one point served concessions at Yankee Stadium to earn extra money.
Statistically as well as anecdotally, true American rags-to-riches stories are getting rarer. Class mobility, as defined by the percentage of children who earn more than their parents, has been in a state of mostly uninterrupted decline since the 1940s. Economist Raj Chetty found that only about half of the children born in 1980 have surpassed their parents’ income. In 1940, that number exceeded 90 percent.
Of course, most successful entrepreneurs have earnings that vastly outstrip their parents’. In fact, they outstrip the earnings of nearly every human in history. In by-now-familiar statistics, the rate of income growth at the top levels of earning in the U.S. have far outpaced growth at the bottom segments (in the 1980s, it was the other way around, according to research by Thomas Piketty, Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman). Last year Oxfam International found that more than 80 percent of earnings went to the top 1 percent of the world population.  
That so many of today’s new billionaires mostly come comfortable backgrounds is emblematic of a broader concentrating of wealth in the U.S. According to recent Federal Reserve data, the median family's net worth had not recovered its pre-recession value by 2016, while the top 10 percent gained double digits since 2007.
Of course, you can still find evidence of rough patches and plenty of hard work in the early childhoods of today's wealthiest tech luminaries. Elon Musk, 47, an immigrant from South Africa, came from wealth, but was bullied as a kid before moving to Canada alone at just 17, where he enrolled in Queens University and transferred to the University of Pennsylvania, before eventually dropping out of a Stanford University PhD program. Jeff Bezos, 54, was born when his mother was 16 years old, and was adopted by her second husband, a Cuban immigrant and an engineer. And Sergey Brin, 44, came to the U.S. as a six-year-old, when his parents traded the anti-Semitic backdrop of Moscow academia for a new life in the U.S.
But even these founders, who all had at least one parent with a science background, stand in contrast to an earlier era. According to the Bloomberg Billionaire Index, the second-oldest self-made American billionaire is Amway’s Richard DeVos, born in 1926. DeVos was a boy when his father lost his job as an electrician during the Great Depression, and the family moved in with his grandparents. He remembered stuffing a baseball with fabric and tying it together because he and his friends couldn’t afford a new one. As a sophomore, he was labeled “not college material,” sent to trade school, and had to work to pay his way back into the local Christian high school.
Ted Lerner, who at 92 is the oldest self-made man on the Bloomberg index, is the son of a clothing salesman from Palestine. He grew up in an immigrant community in Washington, and recalled to a local paper, “I remember chickens being plucked and koshered on Georgia Avenue.” Casino mogul Sheldon Adelson, 84, now a controversial figure in U.S. politics, grew up in a working-class Boston neighborhood as the son of a taxi driver. Eli Broad, born in 1933, is the son of a Lithuanian house painter, went on to become the only man to found two Fortune 500 companies in two different industries: housing and financial services.
It is, of course, not the fault of tech's young luminaries that the economy has shifted toward technological skills. Even as it's boosted Americans’ standard of living, the rapid pace of innovation has made education an increasingly important factor in determining income, a trend that in turn has exacerbated rising inequality. Overall educational attainment in the U.S. is rising, but nearly 70 percent of the adult population has still never graduated from college. That's even though higher education has increasingly become a prerequisite for white-collar work. The college wage premium, or what bachelor’s degree holders make compared to high school graduates, has skyrocketed since the 1970s and now hovers at about 50 percent, near-record levels.
The so-called "digital divide" between rich and poor households, has reinforced the gap between haves and have-nots. Despite the pervasiveness of personal computing, poor kids today are less likely to have access to the programs that could help them develop early coding genius. According to Pew Research Center data, 87 percent of households with an income of $75,000 or higher use broadband at home. But for households making less than $30,000, it's only 45 percent.
That inequality of opportunity is rising is hardly a matter of debate. What's still unclear, though, is the eventual result. Besides barring the path for talented people of limited means, a widening chasm between the rich and everyone else also presents political problems. Witness mounting anger at tech companies in cities like San Francisco and Seattle. The Seattle city council voted to levy a punitive per-worker tax on Amazon and other large employers in response to the area's growing homelessness problem. Seattle officials relented, but tensions still simmer beneath the surface nationwide, threatening to boil over in unpredictable ways.
And unlike yesterday's titans, the newest of generation billionaires don’t have histories likely to assuage popular resentment. The three youngest self-made billionaires on Bloomberg's index are all Facebook cofounders. Their story is legend: After Zuckerberg's auspicious beginnings in Dobbs Ferry, he created a hotness-ranking tool called Facemash before he and his friends dropped out to found Thefacebook.com. Just above them on the list in age is Sean Parker, now 38, who took up programming early and interned for future Zynga CEO Mark Pincus while he was still in high school.
This is not a lamentation of the comfortable childhoods of corporate leaders. In some ways, the American myth of the up-from-nothing elite was always mostly imagined. The likelihood that a child today will rise from the lowest to the highest quintile of earnings, is less than 10 percent. That’s low compared to other rich countries, according to Chetty’s data, but it’s not much changed since the 1970s.
The American Dream has always been a story we told ourselves, bolstered by the hardscrabble tales of men who rose from nothing to become magnates. Today, Zuckerberg is a moral leader—a family man, and a donor to noble causes. But those looking to follow in his footsteps will cast an eye back to his early days: To the comfortable Westchester upbringing, the fencing club captainship at an elite prep school, the insouciant Harvard days, and to Facemash. American youth may aspire to climb the same ladder. They’re likely to find it’s missing some rungs.  
— With assistance by Tom Metcalf

Source: Bloomberg
          Questions are being raised about Facebook's decision to give a Russian internet company temporary special access to its user data (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Mark Zuckerberg and Yuri Milner

  • Facebook acknowledged that it gave Mail.Ru special access to user data after 2015, when it officially ended the system that allowed third-party apps to access user data.
  • Mail.Ru was among dozens of companies that were granted special temporary access to Facebook user data.
  • Mail.Ru has ties to the Kremlin, according to news reports.


Facebook is facing fresh scrutiny over its data-sharing practices following the publication of reports highlighting how a Russian internet giant with ties to the Russian government gained access to user data. 

On Tuesday, CNN and Wired published reports exploring how Mail.Ru built apps that were able to access Facebook user data after the social network locked down its platform in 2015. Facebook recently disclosed in written testimony to US Congress that Mail.Ru had built apps that integrated with its platform — and that it was one of a select group of app makers that was given an extension beyond the formal 2015 cut-off date.

According to CNN and Wired, Mail.Ru was granted an extra two weeks of access to this user data. Facebook did not immediately respond to Business Insider's request for comment.

Mail.Ru's parent company was founded by Alisher Usmanov, a Russian businessman with links to the Kremlin. As such, Mail.Ru's activity on the platform has raised some eyebrows, and prompted calls for more information: The Russian government infamously used Facebook to sow disinformation and propaganda during the 2016 US presidential election.

What's more, a former Mail.Ru CEO and Chairman, Yuri Milner, invested $200 million for a 2% stake Facebook in 2009 through his firm Digital Sky Technologies, and another few hundred million dollars in the following years. Milner, who stepped down as Mail.Ru Chairman in 2012, has since sold its stake in Facebook, CNN reported.

In a statement given to CNN, Democratic senator Mark Warner called for more information: "In the last 6 months we've learned that Facebook had few controls in place to control the collection and use of user data by third parties.

"Now we learn that the largest technology company in Russia, whose executives boast close ties to Vladimir Putin, had potentially hundreds of apps integrated with Facebook, collecting user data. If this is accurate, we need to determine what user information was shared with mail.ru and what may have been done with the captured data."

BI PRIME: A third of Facebook’s ad revenue growth now comes from Instagram — and it couldn't come at a better time

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: These 13 medical technologies are changing lives


          The UK's privacy watchdog has fined Facebook £500,000 — the maximum amount — over Cambridge Analytica (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

facebook ceo mark zuckerberg

  • Facebook has been fined £500,000 by UK regulator the ICO over the Cambridge Analytica scandal.
  • It's the maximum amount possible under law, but given Facebook's size it's just a slap on the wrist.
  • The regulator says Facebook broke the law, breaching the UK Data Protection Act twice.
  • British politicians are now calling on Facebook to be more transparent about its internal investigation into data misuse.


The British data regulator plans to fine Facebook the maximum amount possible over the Cambridge Analytica scandal.

On Tuesday, the ICO (Information Commissioner's Office) announced that it will hit Facebook with a £500,000 (roughly $663,000) penalty over two breaches of the UK Data Protection Act linked to the incident, in which political research firm Cambridge Analytica misappropriated tens of millions of users' personal data.

"The ICO’s investigation concluded that Facebook contravened the law by failing to safeguard people’s information," the organisation said in a statement. "It also found that the company failed to be transparent about how people’s data was harvested by others."

The sum is barely even a slap on the wrist for Facebook, which had revenues of more than $40 billion in 2017, but is the maximum possible under the applicable legislation.

Future violations will be able to be punished much more strictly, however: Under GDPR, the EU's new data protection legislation, companies can be fined up to €20 million or 4% of their global annual turnover, whichever is higher. (GDPR was not applicable because the offenses took place before it came into effect.)

In a statement, Information Commissioner Elizabeth Denham said: "New technologies that use data analytics to micro-target people give campaign groups the ability to connect with individual voters. But this cannot be at the expense of transparency, fairness and compliance with the law."

"Fines and prosecutions punish the bad actors, but my real goal is to effect change and restore trust and confidence in our democratic system," she said. 

Facebook says it will respond "soon"

The ICO is also launching a criminal prosecution against SCL Elections, an organisation affiliated with Cambridge Analytica, and has sent warning letters to 11 political parties and "notices compelling them to agree to audits of their data protection policies."

Cambridge AnalyticaFacebook has a chance to respond to the ICO before a final decision is made on the fine. The company has said it plans to do so "soon."

In an emailed statement, Facebook chief privacy officer Erin Egan said: "As we have said before, we should have done more to investigate claims about Cambridge Analytica and take action in 2015. We have been working closely with the ICO in their investigation of Cambridge Analytica, just as we have with authorities in the US and other countries. We're reviewing the report and will respond to the ICO soon."

Politicians are calling for greater transparency from Facebook in light of the ICO fine. Damian Collins MP, the chair of the Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee that has been investigating Cambridge Analytica, said: "Given that the ICO is saying that Facebook broke the law, it is essential that we now know which other apps that ran on their platform may have scraped data in a similar way. This cannot by left to a secret internal investigation at Facebook. If other developers broke the law we have a right to know, and the users whose data may have been compromised in this way should be informed.

"Facebook users will be rightly concerned that the company left their data far too vulnerable to being collected without their consent by developers working on behalf of companies like Cambridge Analytica. The number of Facebook users affected by this kind of data scraping may be far greater than has currently been acknowledged. Facebook should now make the results of their internal investigations known to the ICO, our committee and other relevant investigatory authorities."

BI PRIME: From denial to despair — Cambridge Analytica insiders describe the hectic final weeks at the embattled company

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: I tried the newest BlackBerry phone for a week


          A third of Facebook’s ad revenue growth now comes from Instagram — and it couldn't come at a better time (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

mark zuckerberg facebook

  • Morgan Stanley analysts think Wall Street is still underestimating how much Facebook can grow.
  • In a research note, analysts at the investment bank set the stock a new price target of $215.
  • It's an abrupt turnaround from just a few months ago, when Facebook's share price was getting pummeled in the aftermath of the Cambridge Analytica scandal. And it may be largely due to Instagram.

 

Facebook's reputation has been battered by the Cambridge Analytica scandal, but Facebook's business is humming. One big reason: Instagram. 

The photo-sharing app is turning into an increasingly important money-maker for Facebook.

According to the estimates of  Morgan Stanley analyst Brian Nowak, Instagram will account for 36% of Facebook total ad revenue growth in the second quarter. In a research note published on Tuesday, Nowak reckons that ads on Instagram will bring in $3.8 billion in revenue in Q2, and as much as $4.5 billion in Q4. 

That's especially important as Facebook's flagship social media service continues to experience a slowdown in the growth of its "ad load" — the number of ads that Facebook inserts into the newsfeed. 

The ad load slowdown within Facebook is very deliberate; the company is wary of turning consumers off by barraging them with too many ads. Luckily, Facebook has Instagram and its relatively un-monetized fields of content to pick up the slack. 

 

instagram revenue

And whatever reputational damage Facebook's brand may be suffering, Instagram is more popular than ever with consumers.  The service recently crossed the 1 billion user milestone, and Morgan Stanley notes that the app's active user growth "inflected" in Q2, as Instagram added 750,000 users per day. 

The upshot: The investment bank is pegging its price target for Facebook's stock, which is currently floating around $203, at $215 — and suggests in a best-case scenario it could go as high as $245.

"We believe the Street is still underestimating FB's ability to grow even as ad load slows," Nowak writes. 

Facebook doesn't (yet) break out financial results for Instagram, so it's tough to know precisely how big of a contributor it is. But we'll get a sense about how it's doing by assessing the results of Facebook's overall business when it reports its Q2 earnings on July 25. 

SEE ALSO: The App Store has made Apple at least $40 billion in revenue since it was created 10 years ago today

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: I tried the newest BlackBerry phone for a week


          Facebook faces £500k fine for Cambridge Analytica scandal      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Months after the Facebook and Cambridge Analytica scandal broke, and it seems like the social network will finally have to pay up. According to various news outlets, the UK's Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) have fined Zuckerberg and Co. a pre...

          Sex, Beer, and Coding: Inside Facebook’s Wild Early Days in Palo Alto      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
When the young Mark Zuckerberg moved to Palo Alto in 2004, he and his buddies built a corporate prot
          Reino Unido podría imponer la máxima multa a Facebook por Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Por no cumplir las leyes de protección de datos, el regulador británico ha dado a conocer que la empresa de Mark Zuckerberg podría pagar hasta 664.000 dólares. Pixabay El escándalo de Cambridge Analytica todavía no está ni cerca de llegar a su fin. Esta es la primera consecuencia económica que enfrenta Facebook. La Oficina del […]
          Apple et Google questionnés à leur tour par le Congrès américain      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Après les auditions de Mark Zuckerberg, quatre élus de la Chambre des représentants demandent à Tim Cook et Larry Page, directeurs généraux d'Apple et Alphabet, des précisions sur l'accès de tiers aux données des utilisateurs.
          Comment on Residents of California city once known as ‘America’s foreclosure capital’ are set to get monthly $500 stipend, with NO strings attached, in bid to boost local economy by galen      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
So Silicon Valley must be reasoning, "If they're not starving there will be less crime on us." How considerate. Is the $500 in addition to food-stamps or other provisions? "No strings attached," eh? Not even a paper to fill out, or a tiny little drug-test? Those last 3 sentences. I almost passed out: ‘It has really exciting potential, and this is why it is important to look into,’ Allison Fahey, associate director of MIT’s Poverty Action Lab said. ‘It’s a very radical way of delivering aid. There is an elegance and beauty to how simple it is.’ Well isn't that special!! Thank you, Mark Zuckerberg!! If you really wanted to end poverty you might consider ending communism. .
          Acquisire Instagram è stato l’affare del secolo per Facebook      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Era il 2012 quando Facebook annunciò al mondo di aver acquisito Instagram per un miliardo di dollari e Mark Zuckerberg s’impegnò a costruire e a far crescere l’app in modo indipendente. A 6 anni dall’acquisto, com’è la situazione?

Alcuni lo definiscono l’affare del secolo. Sì, perché il social network delle fotocresce più velocemente di Facebook e sembra non arrestarsi. Le previsioni sono più che positive: in cinque anni arriverà a 2 miliardi di iscritti.

Nel 2012 il suo valore era di 1 miliardo di dollari; a quanto ammonta oggi? Secondo le stime della Bloomberg Intelligence, attualmente, il suo valore raggiunge i 100 miliardi di dollari. Impressionante, no?

instagram

Quanto è cresciuta Instagram?

Chi utilizza maggiormente Instagram appartiene ad un target differente rispetto a quello di Facebook: si tratta degli utenti più giovani.

Inoltre, i risultati degli ultimi anni sono stati davvero sorprendenti e la crescita è stata rapidissima: 1 miliardo di utenti, una crescita di 200 milioni dallo scorso settembre e 400 milioni di utenti che seguono le Stories. Per non parlare delle importanti novità che l’app continua ad annunciare.

Instagram

Da poco, infatti, è nata IGTV: in pratica, la televisione su Instagram. Gli utenti possono registrare ed inserire video fino ad un’ora di lunghezza.

Quanto ha giovato a Facebook?

Partiamo dal rispondere ad una domanda specifica: quanto pesa Instagram sul fatturato di Facebook? Alla fine del prossimo anno fiscale il suo peso potrebbe raggiungere il 16% e superare di molto il 10% circa dello scorso anno. 10 miliardi di dollari, grazie alla pubblicità.

Altro dato importante: Instagram attira nuovi utenti molto più velocemente di Facebook. Il contenuto principale veicolato dal social network sono le foto e, probabilmente, per questo motivo è più apprezzato dai giovani e risulta più appetibile e intrigante di altri social.

Cosa c’è nel futuro di Instagram?

Ciò che gli investitori si aspettando da Instagram è, sicuramente, il miglioramento della capacità di monetizzare gli accessi e la creazione di una struttura più solida, capace di assicurare dei guadagni imponenti.

Foto ma non solo, anche video, Stories e streaming per raccontare le vite dei propri utenti.

Via Ninja Marketing
          Russian company had access to Facebook user data through apps      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
money.cnn.com
A Russian internet company with links to the Kremlin was among the firms to which Facebook gave an extension which allowed them to collect data on unknowing users of the social network after a policy change supposedly stopped such collection.
posted by friends:  (5)
@DavidClinchNews on Twitter
@DavidClinchNews: Senator @MarkWarner wants answers, "we need to determine what user information was shared with mail.ru and what may have been done with the captured data." money.cnn.com/2018/07/10/tec… pic.twitter.com/EcTg1dGh2n
@RBLevin on Twitter
@RBLevin: Russian company had access to Facebook user data through apps cnnmon.ie/2zsUEZd
@jason_kint on Twitter
@jason_kint: What a coincidence that Yuri Milner met personally with Zuckerberg in 2010, invested $200M in Facebook, and then his Russian company was allowed to secretly harvest user’s data. twitter.com/donie/status/1…
@evacide on Twitter
@evacide: Why do I care that Russia has access to Facebook user data through mail.ru? Because a large percentage of Russian activists communicate via Facebook. money.cnn.com/2018/07/10/tec…
@MalcolmNance on Twitter
@MalcolmNance: NEW: A Russian internet company with links to the Kremlin was among the firms to which Facebook gave an extension which allowed them to collect data on unknowing users of the social network after a policy change supposedly stopped such collection. money.cnn.com/2018/07/10/tec…
posted by friends of friends:  (0)

          O que é e como funciona o clube formado por bilionários como Mark...      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
O que é e como funciona o clube formado por bilionários como Mark Zuckerberg e Bill Gates


(Pagina Principal | Política | Comente!)

          Facebook potraktował fragment Deklaracji Niepodległości USA jako mowę nienawiści      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Serwis Marka Zuckerberga uznał fragment Deklaracji Niepodległości za mowę nienawiści i zablokował post gazety z Teksasu. Algorytm nie był w stanie wyłapać, że udostępniona treść to fragment historycznego dokumentu.

          Mark Zuckerberg nousi jo maailman kolmanneksi rikkaimmaksi – satumaisen suuri omaisuus!      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Facebook on ollut tänä vuonna otsikoissa vähemmän mairittelevissa merkeissä. Se


          Questions are being raised about Facebook’s decision to give a Russian internet company temporary special access to its user data      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and former Mail.Ru CEO Yuri MilnerFacebook acknowledged that it gave Mail.Ru special access to user data after 2015, when it officially ended the system that allowed third-party apps to access user data.
          Questions are being raised about Facebook's decision to give a Russian internet company temporary special access to its user data (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Mark Zuckerberg and Yuri Milner

  • Facebook acknowledged that it gave Mail.Ru special access to user data after 2015, when it officially ended the system that allowed third-party apps to access user data.
  • Mail.Ru was among dozens of companies that were granted special temporary access to Facebook user data.
  • Mail.Ru has ties to the Kremlin, according to news reports.


Facebook is facing fresh scrutiny over its data-sharing practices following the publication of reports highlighting how a Russian internet giant with ties to the Russian government gained access to user data. 

On Tuesday, CNN and Wired published reports exploring how Mail.Ru built apps that were able to access Facebook user data after the social network locked down its platform in 2015. Facebook recently disclosed in written testimony to US Congress that Mail.Ru had built apps that integrated with its platform — and that it was one of a select group of app makers that was given an extension beyond the formal 2015 cut-off date.

According to CNN and Wired, Mail.Ru was granted an extra two weeks of access to this user data. Facebook did not immediately respond to Business Insider's request for comment.

Mail.Ru's parent company was founded by Alisher Usmanov, a Russian businessman with links to the Kremlin. As such, Mail.Ru's activity on the platform has raised some eyebrows, and prompted calls for more information: The Russian government infamously used Facebook to sow disinformation and propaganda during the 2016 US presidential election.

What's more, a former Mail.Ru CEO and Chairman, Yuri Milner, invested $200 million for a 2% stake Facebook in 2009 through his firm Digital Sky Technologies, and another few hundred million dollars in the following years. Milner, who stepped down as Mail.Ru Chairman in 2012, has since sold its stake in Facebook, CNN reported.

In a statement given to CNN, Democratic senator Mark Warner called for more information: "In the last 6 months we've learned that Facebook had few controls in place to control the collection and use of user data by third parties.

"Now we learn that the largest technology company in Russia, whose executives boast close ties to Vladimir Putin, had potentially hundreds of apps integrated with Facebook, collecting user data. If this is accurate, we need to determine what user information was shared with mail.ru and what may have been done with the captured data."

BI PRIME: A third of Facebook’s ad revenue growth now comes from Instagram — and it couldn't come at a better time

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: These 13 medical technologies are changing lives


          Questions are being raised about Facebook's decision to give a Russian internet company temporary special access to its user data (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Mark Zuckerberg and Yuri Milner

  • Facebook acknowledged that it gave Mail.Ru special access to user data after 2015, when it officially ended the system that allowed third-party apps to access user data.
  • Mail.Ru was among dozens of companies that were granted special temporary access to Facebook user data.
  • Mail.Ru has ties to the Kremlin, according to news reports.


Facebook is facing fresh scrutiny over its data-sharing practices following the publication of reports highlighting how a Russian internet giant with ties to the Russian government gained access to user data. 

On Tuesday, CNN and Wired published reports exploring how Mail.Ru built apps that were able to access Facebook user data after the social network locked down its platform in 2015. Facebook recently disclosed in written testimony to US Congress that Mail.Ru had built apps that integrated with its platform — and that it was one of a select group of app makers that was given an extension beyond the formal 2015 cut-off date.

According to CNN and Wired, Mail.Ru was granted an extra two weeks of access to this user data. Facebook did not immediately respond to Business Insider's request for comment.

Mail.Ru's parent company was founded by Alisher Usmanov, a Russian businessman with links to the Kremlin. As such, Mail.Ru's activity on the platform has raised some eyebrows, and prompted calls for more information: The Russian government infamously used Facebook to sow disinformation and propaganda during the 2016 US presidential election.

What's more, a former Mail.Ru CEO and Chairman, Yuri Milner, invested $200 million for a 2% stake Facebook in 2009 through his firm Digital Sky Technologies, and another few hundred million dollars in the following years. Milner, who stepped down as Mail.Ru Chairman in 2012, has since sold its stake in Facebook, CNN reported.

In a statement given to CNN, Democratic senator Mark Warner called for more information: "In the last 6 months we've learned that Facebook had few controls in place to control the collection and use of user data by third parties.

"Now we learn that the largest technology company in Russia, whose executives boast close ties to Vladimir Putin, had potentially hundreds of apps integrated with Facebook, collecting user data. If this is accurate, we need to determine what user information was shared with mail.ru and what may have been done with the captured data."

BI PRIME: A third of Facebook’s ad revenue growth now comes from Instagram — and it couldn't come at a better time

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: What the future of Apple looks like


          The UK's privacy watchdog has fined Facebook £500,000 — the maximum amount — over Cambridge Analytica (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

facebook ceo mark zuckerberg

  • Facebook has been fined £500,000 by UK regulator the ICO over the Cambridge Analytica scandal.
  • It's the maximum amount possible under law, but given Facebook's size it's just a slap on the wrist.
  • The regulator says Facebook broke the law, breaching the UK Data Protection Act twice.
  • British politicians are now calling on Facebook to be more transparent about its internal investigation into data misuse.


The British data regulator plans to fine Facebook the maximum amount possible over the Cambridge Analytica scandal.

On Tuesday, the ICO (Information Commissioner's Office) announced that it will hit Facebook with a £500,000 (roughly $663,000) penalty over two breaches of the UK Data Protection Act linked to the incident, in which political research firm Cambridge Analytica misappropriated tens of millions of users' personal data.

"The ICO’s investigation concluded that Facebook contravened the law by failing to safeguard people’s information," the organisation said in a statement. "It also found that the company failed to be transparent about how people’s data was harvested by others."

The sum is barely even a slap on the wrist for Facebook, which had revenues of more than $40 billion in 2017, but is the maximum possible under the applicable legislation.

Future violations will be able to be punished much more strictly, however: Under GDPR, the EU's new data protection legislation, companies can be fined up to €20 million or 4% of their global annual turnover, whichever is higher. (GDPR was not applicable because the offenses took place before it came into effect.)

In a statement, Information Commissioner Elizabeth Denham said: "New technologies that use data analytics to micro-target people give campaign groups the ability to connect with individual voters. But this cannot be at the expense of transparency, fairness and compliance with the law."

"Fines and prosecutions punish the bad actors, but my real goal is to effect change and restore trust and confidence in our democratic system," she said. 

Facebook says it will respond "soon"

The ICO is also launching a criminal prosecution against SCL Elections, an organisation affiliated with Cambridge Analytica, and has sent warning letters to 11 political parties and "notices compelling them to agree to audits of their data protection policies."

Cambridge AnalyticaFacebook has a chance to respond to the ICO before a final decision is made on the fine. The company has said it plans to do so "soon."

In an emailed statement, Facebook chief privacy officer Erin Egan said: "As we have said before, we should have done more to investigate claims about Cambridge Analytica and take action in 2015. We have been working closely with the ICO in their investigation of Cambridge Analytica, just as we have with authorities in the US and other countries. We're reviewing the report and will respond to the ICO soon."

Politicians are calling for greater transparency from Facebook in light of the ICO fine. Damian Collins MP, the chair of the Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee that has been investigating Cambridge Analytica, said: "Given that the ICO is saying that Facebook broke the law, it is essential that we now know which other apps that ran on their platform may have scraped data in a similar way. This cannot by left to a secret internal investigation at Facebook. If other developers broke the law we have a right to know, and the users whose data may have been compromised in this way should be informed.

"Facebook users will be rightly concerned that the company left their data far too vulnerable to being collected without their consent by developers working on behalf of companies like Cambridge Analytica. The number of Facebook users affected by this kind of data scraping may be far greater than has currently been acknowledged. Facebook should now make the results of their internal investigations known to the ICO, our committee and other relevant investigatory authorities."

BI PRIME: From denial to despair — Cambridge Analytica insiders describe the hectic final weeks at the embattled company

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: What people get wrong about superfoods


          A lehető legmagasabb bírságot kapta a Facebook a britektől      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Zuckerberg ettől valószínűleg nem kerül koldusbotra.
          Maggie Gyllenhaal, Chadwick Boseman, Ryan Reynolds Share Story of Separated Family (Video)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Actress Maggie Gyllenhaal has partnered with the ACLU to create a video telling the heartbreaking story of a mother seeking asylum after fleeing Honduras with her toddler son.

The video, accompanied by the hashtag #MyNameIsMirian, is meant to be an affidavit recounting just one story of separation amongst thousands. Many of the stars featured in the clip pushed for reuniting families and called for donations to the ACLU on Twitter.

Notable figures such as “Black Panther” actor Chadwick Boseman and “Veep” actress Julia Louis-Dreyfus read aloud Mirian’s story of being forced out of Honduras after the military teargassed her home, and how she was subsequently separated from her son after reaching the Texas border.

Also Read: Laura Dern, Lin-Manuel Miranda, America Ferrera Among Stars at Rallies to Protest Trump Immigration Policy

“I asked why the officers were separating my son from me. They did not provide any reason,” read Amy Schumer and Kumail Nanjiani.

“I cry even now when I think about that moment when the border officers took my son away,” read “Deadpool” actor Ryan Reynolds.

Mirian’s statement was made April 6.

On June 26, a federal judge from San Diego ruled that families with children under the age of five must be reunited by July 10. Of the 102 children identified as being under five, 54 are set to be reunited this week.

Related stories from TheWrap:

Laura Dern, Lin-Manuel Miranda, America Ferrera Among Stars at Rallies to Protest Trump Immigration Policy

Susan Sarandon Among 575 Arrested in Washington DC at Protest of Trump Immigration Policy

Tim Cook, Mark Zuckerberg Blast 'Inhumane' Trump Immigration Policy


          Reino Unido podría imponer la máxima multa a Facebook por Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Reino Unido podría imponer la máxima multa a Facebook por Cambridge Analytica#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000\

Por no cumplir las leyes de protección de datos, el regulador británico ha dado a conocer que la empresa de Mark Zuckerberg podría pagar hasta 664.000 dólares.

El escándalo de Cambridge Analytica todavía no está ni cerca de llegar a su fin. Esta es la primera consecuencia económica que enfrenta Facebook.


          Mark Zuckerberg es ahora la tercera persona más rica del planeta      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Cualquiera habría pensado que Facebook estaría pasando por momentos difíciles tras el escándalo de C
          Milliardäre wie Elon Musk sind keine Superhelden!      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Sie sind erfolgreich. Sie sind reich. Sie sind ziemlich selbstbewusst. Tech-Milliardäre wie Elon Musk, Bill Gates oder Mark Zuckerberg inszenieren sich manchmal als Retter der Welt. Dabei wäre ein bisschen mehr Bescheidenheit angebracht, findet WIRED-Redaktionsleiter Wolfgang Kerler. In seinem Kommentar erklärt er, warum ihm Milliardäre mit Sendungsbewusstsein unheimlich sind.


          WhatsApp: novità spaventose con il nuovo aggiornamento, utenti contentissimi      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

WhatsApp: novità spaventose con il nuovo aggiornamento, utenti contentissimi Tecnoandroid

Siamo forse nel momento di maggior spicco delle qualità di WhatsApp in quanto applicazione di messaggistica istantanea. L’azienda guidata da qualche anno da Mark Zuckerberg vorrebbe però offrire sempre di più agli utenti. Ovviamente l’obiettivo è allontanare ancora di più tutte le realtà rivali come lo è da molto tempo ad esempio Telegram. Lo scopo […]

WhatsApp: novità spaventose con il nuovo aggiornamento, utenti contentissimi Tecnoandroid


          Le Royaume-Uni inflige une amende de 7 minutes de chiffre d’affaires à Facebook      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Le Royaume-Uni vient d'infliger son amende la plus lourde à Facebook à la suite de l'affaire Cambridge Analytica : 500 000 livres. [Lire la suite]
          Mark Zuckerberg a urcat pe podiumul celor mai bogaţi oameni din lume      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Mark Zuckerberg a urcat pe podiumul celor mai bogaţi oameni din lume Mark Zuckerberg, fondatorul şi CEO-ul companiei Facebook, este în acest moment al treilea cel mai bogat om din lume. Acesta l-a întrecut de curând pe Warren Buffet, care în trecut a ocupat primul loc în acest clasament, şi este în urma altor...


          U.K. will hit Facebook with max fine for data breaches, regulator says      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

“As we have said before, we should have done more to investigate claims about Cambridge Analytica and take action in 2015,” Erin Egan, Facebook’s Chief Privacy Officer, said in a statement. “We have been working closely with the Information Commissioner’s Office in their investigation of Cambridge Analytica, just as we have with authorities in the […]

The post U.K. will hit Facebook with max fine for data breaches, regulator says appeared first on 41NBC News | WMGT-DT.


          Reino Unido multará a Facebook por Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Por no cumplir las leyes de protección de datos, el regulador británico ha dado a conocer que la empresa de Mark Zuckerberg podría pagar hasta 664.000 dólares.

etiquetas: cambridge analytica, reino unido, facebook, multa

» noticia original (hipertextual.com)


          Interviews with Zuckerberg and other employees shed light on Facebook's wild early days from 2004/2005 and the corporate proto-culture that shaped the company (Adam Fisher/Wired)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Adam Fisher / Wired:
Interviews with Zuckerberg and other employees shed light on Facebook's wild early days from 2004/2005 and the corporate proto-culture that shaped the company  —  EVERYONE WHO HAS seen The Social Network knows the story of Facebook's founding.  It was at Harvard in the spring semester of 2004.


          Behörde greift im Cambridge-Analytica-Skandal durch: Höchststrafe für Zuckerbergs Facebook      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Im Skandal um millionenfach weitergegebene Facebook-Nutzerdaten will die britische Datenschutzbehörde ICO den US-Konzern mit einer Strafe von 500'000 Pfund belegen.
          Watch Out! Here Come the ‘Woke’ Tech Oligarchs      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Once the rich protected themselves by aligning with Republicans who would protect their property from high taxes and their firms from regulation.

Some still do—notably the Koch brothers—but this breed of right-winger is gradually losing out to more progressive tilted plutocrats. In 2016, according to Open Secrets, three of the four largest billionaire political donors—hedge fund manager James Simon and his wife Marilyn, Michael Bloomberg, and currency speculator George Soros—titled progressive. This reflects a broader social trend.

Overall the GOP continues to slightly outpace Democrats among the ultra rich, but most of the big conservative donors such as Charles and David Koch, Sheldon Adelson, Oracle founder Larry Ellison, Rupert Murdoch, and Irvine Chairman Don Bren are well into their seventies or in their eighties. The trend belongs, clearly, to the progressives. Between 1980 to 2016, support for Democrats from the 0.1 percent has tripled, and donors in the nation’s wealthiest zip codes overall now give more to Democrats than Republicans.

Take Michael Bloomberg, the former Republican of convenience who last week announced he would invest $80 million into Democratic campaigns this fall before teasing, yet again, a possible presidential run of his own. Bloomberg’s usual causes are not those of traditional social democracy—after all this is the guy who proclaimed what New York really needed was more billionaires, and who beta-tested in New York City the businessman-as-better-political-leader pitch he then watched with dismay Donald Trump take all the way to the White House—but issues less threatening to the plutocracy, such as climate change and gun control.

The buyout of mainstream progressivism has changed its nature. Big donor-driven candidates—who still dominate the party’s leadership ranks, even as small-donor powered insurgents like Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez test that arrangement, at least in low-turnout elections—are less concerned with the fate of auto or communication workers than they are with issues of environmental regulation, identity, and culture.

Facebook President Sean Parker, former Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, Salesforce.com Chairman Marc Benioff, Mark Zuckerberg, and the world’s richest man, Jeff Bezos, are all relatively young men devoted to the progressive cause—at least those parts of it that don’t threaten their bottom lines.

The Trump Effect

With his horrendous comments and awful actions, Trump has accelerated wokeism among the wealthy and their minions. This oligarchic drift has been building for years, as wealth has shifted from traditional resource and manufacturing industries to software, media, finance, and entertainment. In sharp contrast to energy firms, home-builders, and farmers, the regulatory state does not threaten the bottom lines of these industries, as long as it refrains from breaking up their virtual monopolies.

Indeed, as researcher Greg Ferenstein suggests, the new oligarchs favor an active state that will subsidize worker housing or even a guaranteed minimum income, and keep their businesses off the hook for providing decent benefits to their ever expanding cadre of gig-economy serfs. He points out that the former head of Uber, Travis Kalanick, was a strong supporter of Obamacare and that many top tech executives—including Mark Zuckerberg and Elon Musk—favor a government-provided guaranteed annual wage to help, in part, allay fears about what happens to most of the workforce as their industries and jobs are “disrupted.”

Geography plays a role here as well. With the biggest concentrations of wealth now in the most “progressive” regions—the Bay Area, Los Angeles, New York, Boston, and Seattle—moguls must operate in an environment dominated by fervent anti-Trump social-justice and green advocacy. Many big tech employees—nearly 40 percent in the Bay Area, by some estimates—are noncitizens, with little reason to be concerned about how the wealth in these corners is, or is not, spread across the nation.

So it’s no surprise that woke employees at Microsoft, horrified by the brutalism of Trump’s immigration policies, have decided not to cooperate with ICE. Not to be outdone, Amazon workers compare their company’s cooperation with immigration authorities to IBM’s collaboration with Nazi Germany. Similarly Google workers are refusing to help with drones used to combat terrorists, while Apple is actively working to make it difficult for police to break into phones used in committing crimes, including in the aftermath of the San Bernardino terrorist massacre.

So powerful, and self-referential, are these companies—and their highly compensated workers—that they are increasingly willing to deny even the idea of national interest when that does not suit their political notions. Unlike businesses that worry about competition or mass opinion, these oligarchic companies can demonize half of the country with impunity. At the end of the day, even Trumpians depend on these systems unless they want to look at Chinese alternatives.

The New Controllers

Since Trump’s election, many progressives have pushed the idea that we are on the cusp of a return to traditional authoritarianism, as portrayed in books like George Orwell’s 1984 or Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale. Yet the real model for future tyranny may be more that of Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, which portrays a society run by a biologically conditioned scientific and technological elite.

In Brave New World, the masters are not hoary Stalinoids or angry right-wing fundamentalists, but gentle, reasoned executives. The Controllers preside over a society where social classes are well-defined, and only those at the top—the Alphas—live in comfort. Families have been abolished except on reservations for misfits, and people widely enjoy access to pleasurable pharmaceuticals and unconstrained, commitment-free sex in the city.

Huxley’s future eerily resembles the one favored by the oligarchs, who are now paying women workers to freeze their eggs as they aim to create an elite Alpha class without children or property, to be serviced by the low-wage Deltas, Gammas, and Epsilons of Huxley’s world—bused in from the suburban fringes.

The Controller’s power, first and foremost, depends on implanting information. In Brave New World contrary ideas are dismissed not as breaking the party line but as simply absurd or even pornographic. Today’s woke oligarchs do much the same by controlling both information and culture. Bloomberg is a prime example but he’s a pauper compared to Bezos, the world’s richest man owning one of the nation’s most influential newspapers.

Tech sofa change in recent years also helped Mark Zuckerberg’s college roommate buy The New Republic, and run it into the ground before selling it. More recently Laurene Powell, the left-leaning widow of the late Steve Jobs (net worth $20 billion), scooped up The Atlantic for a nonprofit that will compete with more traditional competitors who still, sadly, have to make money.

Meanwhile, Google is promoting journalism by robots while also planning to invest $300 million in favored outlets. What could go wrong?

The Agenda

In the emerging regime, here’s what’s not important: personal autonomy and privacy. A controlled and woke society starts with access to people’s thoughts, something critical to the advertising-driven businesses of Google and Facebook and, increasingly, also to Apple and Microsoft. It’s important to remember what Google’s former Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt once told CNBC: “If you have something that you don’t want anyone to know, maybe you shouldn’t be doing it in the first place.”

The digital revolution, which had so much promise for democratizing information, appears to be hyper-concentrating media both geographically, on the coasts, and through pipelines controlled overwhelmingly by firms like Facebook, so that a change in policy there can undermine even established media, and Google, which controls over a third of all on-line advertising and a remarkable 90 percent of global search. As The Guardian recently put it: “If ExxonMobil attempted to insert itself into every element of our lives like this, there might be a concerted grassroots movement to curb its influence.”

These patterns are reinforced by students shaped by our ideologically homogeneous education system. The censorious instinct now intrinsic to universities, particularly the elite ones, shapes the thoughts of the highly educated workers critical to these companies. Controllers like those at Facebook increasingly seek to “curate” views, largely conservative, they don’t like, according to former employees. Often this censorship is being carried out under guidance developed by largely progressive groups like the Southern Poverty Law Center, which has too often labeled anyone outside its ideological “safe space” as racist bigots. Over 70 percent of Americans, notes a recent Pew study, believe social media platforms “censor political views.”

Ultimately the oligarchs, reacting to their woke workers and constituency, seek a control over basic behavior in ways even the snoop-crazy Chinese would admire. Facebook already admits to having patented technology that would allow them to snoop on their users, although they deny using it. Netflix, the oligarchical company that by some estimates is now worth more than any of the movie studios, recently imposed controls over what people do on sets of movies they finance. That includes rules that ban asking for phone numbers of co-workers or even looking at people for more than five seconds, an innovation even more intrusive than those of Huxley’s Controllers.

Hypocritical Oaths

Stanley Bing’s recently released Immortal Life gives a riveting version of a near-future society shaped by our tech oligarchs. In his not-so-distant future, government has largely been replaced by a cabal of superannuated tech moguls—effectively Global Controllers—who shape societal views, implant devices in human brains, and dominate every aspect of the economy. Democracy hasn’t just been constrained; it’s been excised.

Right now the rising power of the Controllers has been obscured by the Trumpian counterrevolution, a peasant rebellion supported by a less than charming alliance of old economy moguls, angry white males, and more than few xenophobic racists. But over the long term, history is bending toward the woke oligarchy—particularly as the old generation conveniently dies off.

If these well-heeled progressives have a vulnerability, it’s their extreme hypocrisy. In California, the epicenter of the resistance and elite wokefulness, Silicon Valley oligarchs and their shrieky Hollywood counterparts are fervent in their embrace of progressive values. But, as a new report from Chapman University shows, the prevailing oligarch-friendly California economic agenda—hostile to suburbs, fossil-fuel energy, and manufacturing—has proven unequal and particularly damaging to minorities.

Not without reason has the maverick environmentalist Mike Shellenberger called California “the most racist” state in the union. Far from Malibu and swanky haunts of the cultural elites, the bulk of Los Angeles suffers among the highest poverty rates of any metropolitan areas. Cost-adjusted wages for middle-class workers, Latinos, and African Americans in Silicon Valley have actually dropped during the recent economic boom there.

Perhaps there’s no better illustration of hypocrisy than the Disney company. The once conservative bastion-turned-promoter of woke values has been led by Robert Iger, a fantastically well-compensated self-defined “progressive,” who has made much of denouncing President Trump’s immigration policy as “cruel and misguided ” and taking standard progressive positions on guns and the Paris accords. Yet, as Bernie Sanders has pointed out recently, Disney workers are generally poorly paid, many on the verge of poverty. Even middle-class workers have been given the shiv: The company infamously replaced its IT workers with outside contractors shipped in from India.

Against the Oligarchs

This unprecedented agglomeration of wealth and power needs to be opposed both by conservatives and traditional progressives. It won’t be easy. In the presidential run, The Washington Post took hard aim at Bernie Sanders before turning, albeit less successfully, against Trump. More recently Amazon and its minions forced Seattle’s progressives to back down from a plan to make the company pay more taxes. Majority Leader Charles Schumer opposes higher capital-gains rates, warming the cockles of venture capitalists and the new economic royalists, some of whom are his contributors.

Even on green issues, the famously pious oligarchs demonstrate remarkable levels of hypocrisy. These firms have bought enough allowances and built solar or wind facilities to claim “carbon neutrality.” But such offsets, as the new Chapman report reveals, mostly shuffle greenhouse gases around and don’t actually reduce global emissions. Apple keeps its California carbon footprint down by making all its products abroad, mostly in China—which ends up spewing more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere than if they built them here.

Ultimately the only way to stop the new Controllers and challenge their hypocrisy will be to meet them head on. Companies like Google need to be broken up, as many on both right and left agree. This position has even been adopted by the generally liberal Boston Globe which warned that, “Never ever in the history of the world has a single company had so much control over what people know and think.”

But it’s not just Google—which spends more on lobbying than any other private company—or Amazon, which has quadrupled its government spending since 2014. This relatively new focus on inside Washington influence-peddling, combined with their oversized influence on critical technologies, our media, and overall economic system makes these firms a threat to the pluralism essential to democracy, unlike any we have seen in the last century. Their vision presages a society where few work and a handful control the nation’s riches. To avoid a rebellion, the “redundant” are supposed to be paid off with some sort of government allowance.

Americans need to oppose this evolution and fight for the flourishing of a grassroots and more dispersed economy now, before the oligarchs brave new world is fully and finally here.

This piece originally appeared on The Daily Beast.

Joel Kotkin is executive editor of NewGeography.com. He is the Roger Hobbs Distinguished Fellow in Urban Studies at Chapman University and executive director of the Houston-based Center for Opportunity Urbanism. His newest book is The Human City: Urbanism for the rest of us. He is also author of The New Class ConflictThe City: A Global History, and The Next Hundred Million: America in 2050. He lives in Orange County, CA.

Photo by Maurizio Pesce, via Flickr, using CC License.


          Mark Zuckerberg Becomes Third Richest Person On Earth      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

“If you ain’t first, you’re last” is probably not what Mark Zuckerberg is thinking after being named the third richest person in the world by Bloomberg. The ranking as number three on the list puts Zuckerberg ahead of the famous philanthropist and investor Warren Buffet by $373 million, behind Bill Gates in second place and […]

The post Mark Zuckerberg Becomes Third Richest Person On Earth appeared first on SEPTIN911 Entertainment.


          L’ex Google John Giannandrea ora a capo Siri e Machine Learning in Apple      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

John Giannandrea

John Giannandrea, ex responsabile della ricerca di Google che era a capo anche della divisione intelligenza artificiale di Big G, assunto da Apple ad aprile di quest'anno, si occuperà non solo di guidare la divisione Machine Learning dell'azienda ma anche il team che si occupa di Siri con il dirigente che, di fatto, diventa lo "zar" di tutto ciò che riguarda l'intelligenza artificiale in Apple.

A riferire la notizia è il sito TechCrunch, spiegando che le strutture interne che si occupano di Siri e tecnologia Core ML rimarranno immutate ma ora le squadre risponderanno a Giannandrea. La struttura interna di Apple comporta che i team rimarranno probabilmente integrati all'interno dell'organigramma, legati a vari progetti che includono strumenti per sviluppatori, mapping, tecnologie Core OS e altro ancora. Le funzionalità di machine learning on-device con le quali è possibile creare app in grado di prevedere, imparare e diventare via via più "intelligenti", sono ormai pervasive e utilizzate a tutto tondo.

John Giannandrea

J. G. Giannandrea, 53 anni, ha spinto Google a integrare l’I.A. in vari prodotti, incluse ricerche, Gmail e Google Assistant. È arrivato in Big G nel 2010 con l’acquisizione di Metaweb, una startup dove lavorava come chief technology officer. Metaweb era descritto come un “database della conoscenza mondiale”, Knowledge Graph ora inglobato da Google nel motore di ricerca e in grado di rispondere query da parte dell’utente. Sotto la guida di Giannandrea, le ricerche di Google nel settore del machine learning e dell’intelligenza artificiale sono diventate sempre più importanti e fondamentali in un contesto in cui il controllo vocale è ormai sempre più determinante.

Apple nel 2016 ha assunto anche Russ Salakhutdinov, professore della Carnegie Mellon University, mettendolo alla guida di un team che all’interno della Mela si occupa di intelligenza artificiale. Rispetto ad altre aziende, i servizi della multinazionale di Cupertino che sfruttano l’I.A. sono molto attenti alla privacy, un approccio conservatore che finora ha pagato e impedito il verificarsi di problemi come accaduto con lo scandalo Facebook/Cambridge Analytica.

I ricercatori che si occupano dell’addestramento di sistemi di I.A. devono tenere conto di enormi quantità di dati legati spesso agli utenti. Apple è convinta di poter sviluppare meccanismi di machine learning senza compromettere la privacy degli utenti, un “diritto umano” e una “libertà civile” come ha avuto modo di dichiarare più volte Tim Cook.

- Click qui per l'articolo originale con commenti >> L’ex Google John Giannandrea ora a capo Siri e Machine Learning in Apple


          It would take Facebook just 18 minutes to pay off its £500,000 fine for the Cambridge Analytica scandal (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

mark zuckerberg facebookChip Somodevilla/Getty Images

  • Facebook is facing a £500,000 ($663,575) fine from the UK's data watchdog over the Cambridge Analytical scandal.
  • It's the first penalty Facebook would pay for mishandling people's information.
  • But the company makes so much money that it would take just 18 minutes to pay it off.
  • If Facebook had been fined under new European laws, the maximum penalty would have been $1.6 billion.


It would take Facebook just 18 minutes to pay off the £500,000 fine proposed as a punishment by the UK's data watchdog for the Cambridge Analytica data scandal.

The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) has suggested fining Facebook the maximum penalty for the way it mishandled user data and failing to safeguard people's information.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

NOW WATCH: We interviewed Pepper - the humanoid robot

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SEE ALSO: 'I'm pretty sure Mark and Sheryl do not appreciate what I'm doing': Meet the whistleblower waging war on Facebook


          Facebook introduced secretive new developer terms to prevent another Cambridge Analytica (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Mark Zuckerberg F8 2018Justin Sullivan/Getty

  • There are new details of the secretive new terms Facebook is asking developers to sign before they can run apps on the social network.
  • The new terms are designed to help Facebook police what data developers use and to prevent a second Cambridge Analytica.
  • Facebook is trying to be more transparent but it isn't publishing these new developer terms openly.
  • This makes it hard to see how Facebook might prevent further abuse of its platform.


Facebook has talked about restricting developer access to its platform in the wake of Cambridge Analytica, but we haven't heard much about how exactly the company might actually prevent a repeat of the scandal.

Earlier this year, Facebook CTO Mike Schroepfer said developers would need permission before running certain types of app on the platform. That's particularly if they needed access to certain types of data, such as Facebook Pages. Schroepfer didn't go into further detail about what that permission might look like.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

NOW WATCH: A diehard Mac user switches to PC

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SEE ALSO: Social media memories app Timehop got hit by a data breach affecting 21 million users


          La primera multa a Facebook por Cambridge Analytica es sólo calderilla: apenas 500.000 libras en UK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Facebook

Facebook está a punto de recibir su primera multa económica por el escándalo de Cambridge Analytica, pero no esperes verlos llorando en las esquinas por la cantidad. Tal y como informa el Bloomberg, la Oficina del Comisionado de Información (ICO) del Reino Unido ha anunciado que va a multar a la red social con la máxima cantidad estipulada por sus leyes de protección de datos. Esto supone una multa de 500.000 libras, que son 565.311 euros al cambio.

Esta multa ha sido anunciada junto a un informe presentado por la ICO, y en el que ha desvelado sus primeras conclusiones sobre una investigación a 30 empresas. Entre ellas está Facebook, a la que acusa de no proteger adecuadamente los datos de sus usuarios y no desvelar cómo consiguieron otras empresas los datos de estas personas.

"Facebook no ha brindado los tipos de protecciones que se les exige que cumplan con las leyes de protección de datos", le ha dicho a los medios Elizabeth Denham, Comisionada de Información. Sobre la multa, dice que "envía una señal clara de que considero esto un problema importante, especialmente cuando se mira la escala y el impacto de este tipo de violación de datos".

Las investigaciones de la ICO empezaron en marzo del 2017, con la intención de estudiar cómo se habían malutilizado los datos personales de los usuarios online en campañas a ambos lados del referendum del Brexit. La investigación comenzó a centrarse en Facebook cuando en febrero de este año emergieron pruebas de que una app había obtenido los datos personales de 87 millones de usuarios de la red social.

En varias ocasiones se ha dicho que los datos cosechados por Cambridge Analytica habían sido utilizados para poder realizar campañas políticas precisas y personalizadas para diferentes tipos de persona, las cuales habrían ayudado a convertir a Donald Trump en presidente de Estados Unidos. Sin embargo, a la ICO también le preocupa que estos datos hayan sido utilizados también en el Brexit para manipular la opinión de los votantes.

La investigación del ICO no se va a quedar ni en este informe ni en la multa a Facebook. Para empezar, el organismo le va a enviar cartas de advertencia a 11 partidos políticos en la que se les obliga a aceptar auditorías para investigar sus prácticas de protección de datos. Además, el organismo también le va a dar a Facebook unos meses para responder a las acusaciones hasta que se presente el próximo informe en octubre.

Desde la red social ya le han enviado una respuesta a los medios, en la sin salirse de la línea establecida por Zuckerberg en sus declaraciones ante Estados Unidos y Europa, admiten que podrían haber hecho más en 2015 frente a Cambirde Analytica. "Hemos estado trabajando estrechamente con el ICO en su investigación de Cambridge Analytica, tal como lo hemos hecho con las autoridades de los EE.UU. y otros países. Estamos revisando el informe, y pronto responderemos al ICO".

Desde el ICO dicen que tienen "razones para creer que esos datos aún pueden ser retenidos por Aggregate IQ", empresa suspendida por Facebook tras encontrar conexiones con Cambridge Analytica, y que quieren que estos avisos a partidos y organizaciones hagan que dejen de utilizar la información de los votantes británicas.

Una multa que es sólo calderilla

En cualquier caso, lo que está claro es que esta posible multa de 500.000 libras es calderilla para Facebook, que hace sólo unos meses obtuvieron unos beneficios de casi 12.000 millones de dólares. Sobre todo, la multa queda en poca cosa si se la compara con lo que podría haber sido de haber se aplicado mediante la GDPR, de la que se libran porque las filtraciones a Cambridge Analytica son anteriores a si entrada en vigor el pasado 25 de mayo.

En el caso contrario podríamos estar hablando de una multa que podría haber sido del 4% de sus ventas anuales, unos 1.600 millones de dólares que hubieran hecho muchísimo más daño que el medio millón con el que se les está amenazando.

En cualquier caso, esta tampoco es la primera multa de Facebook en Europa. Una de las últimas fue en marzo, concretamente en España, donde la AEPD multó a WhatsApp y Facebook con 600.000 euros por cruzar datos sin permiso. Además, en 2017 la red social también recibió multas de 1,2 millones de euros por sus perfiles en la sombra y de 110 millones de euros por mentir cuando compró WhatsApp.

Vía | Bloomberg
En Xataka | Multa de 1,2 millones de euros a Facebook: Protección de Datos carga contra sus perfiles en la sombra

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La noticia La primera multa a Facebook por Cambridge Analytica es sólo calderilla: apenas 500.000 libras en UK fue publicada originalmente en Xataka por Yúbal FM .


          Facebook introduced secretive new developer terms to prevent another Cambridge Analytica - Business Insider      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Business Insider

Facebook introduced secretive new developer terms to prevent another Cambridge Analytica
Business Insider
There are new details of the secretive new terms Facebook is asking developers to sign before they can run apps on the social network. The new terms are designed to help Facebook police what data developers use and to prevent a second Cambridge ...
UK strikes first blow against Facebook over data scandalFinancial Times
Facebook's fine for data breaches won't reduce the web's appetite for our personal informationThe Independent
Facebook could face ICO fine of up to £500000ComputerWeekly.com
AdAge.com (blog) -WIRED -The INQUIRER -Chicago Tribune
all 267 news articles »

          Facebook primeşte amenda maximă în Anglia pentru scandalul Cambridge Analytica (Social media)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Facebook şi-a revenit spectaculos după scandalul Cambridge Analytica în urma căruia Mark Zuckerberg, fondatorul şi CEO-ul companiei, a fost nevoit să apară pentru a depune mărturie în faţa Congresului American şi a Comisiei Europene. Problemele însă nu s-au terminat. Chiar dacă acţiunile companiei au atins noi recorduri, iar Zuckerberg a mai urcat o treaptă în clasamentul celor mai bogaţi oameni din lume, Facebook s-a mai ales cu o amendă pe baza acestei situaţii, de data aceasta în Marea Britanie.

Conform legislaţiei din Marea Britanie, Facebook primeşte amenda de nivel maxim pentru rolul pe care l-a avut în colectarea de informaţii personale ale utilizatorilor către Cambridge Analytica. Din păcate însă, amenda pentru asemenea greşeli în Anglia este atât de mică, întrucât Facebook nici măcar nu va simţi vreun efect negativ. Este vorba despre o sumă de 664.000 de dolari, care ar fi foarte mare în mediul privat, pentru un cetăţean normal, însă reprezintă o picătură în ocean pentru o companie multinaţională care valorează aproximativ 600 de miliarde de dolari.

În ciuda faptului că autorităţile birtanice susţin că această amendă doreşte să trimită un mesaj important către Facebook şi alte companii care s-ar putea regăsi într-o poziţie similară, este greu să luăm în serios aceste declaraţii. Pentru a pune suma de 664.000 dolari în context pentru Facebook, cam atât încasează compania în mai puţin de şapte minute, dacă ne raportăm la raporturile de venituri pe primul trimestru din 2018.

Pe viitor însă amenzile pentru astfel de greşeli ar putea fi mult mai mari, cel puţin în Europa. Sub legile GDPR, o astfel de încălcare ar putea duce la o amendă echivalentă cu 4% din încasările companiei la nivel global, adică echivalentul a 1,9 miliarde de dolari, în cazul Facebook. O astfel de amendă ar putea fi cu siguranţă simţită, mai ales că se aplică pentru fiecare situaţie în parte.

 

(...)

Cuvinte cheie: cambridge analytica, facebook, amendă

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Articol original - Facebook primeşte amenda maximă în Anglia pentru scandalul Cambridge Analytica, de pe site-ul go4it.ro


          Facebook is facing multiple class action lawsuits over the Cambridge Analytica scandal (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Mark ZuckerbergPhoto by Alex Wong/Getty Images

  • Advocacy group Fair Vote UK is assembling a class action lawsuit against Facebook over its mishandling of people's information.
  • Fair Vote has 84 claimants so far, but 1.1 million British citizens were affected by the breach overall.
  • The news comes after the UK's privacy watchdog said it planned to fine Facebook £500,000 for breaking data protection laws.
  • Data protection lawyer Sean Humber says that Facebook could potentially face a bill running into the hundreds of millions of pounds, or even higher depending on how seriously the data was misused.

Advocacy group Fair Vote is assembling a class action suit against Facebook over the Cambridge Analytica data scandal.

Fair Vote has 84 claimants so far, but 1.1 million British citizens were affected by the scandal and would potentially be eligible for compensation, according to the group.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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SEE ALSO: The UK's privacy watchdog has fined Facebook £500,000 — the maximum amount — over Cambridge Analytica


          Facebook Pastikan Tak Ada Pengguna Indonesia Jadi Korban Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Skandal penyalahgunaan data pengguna Facebook yang dilakukan oleh firma analisis Cambridge Analytica memasuki babak baru. Facebook baru-baru ini mengungkap temuan baru dari hasil investigasi.

Informasi ini diketahui langsung Dirjen Aplikasi Informatika Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika Samuel Abrijani Pangerapan, setelah sebelumnya Facebook mengirimkan surat pemberitahuan.

Adapun isi dalam surat itu, perusahaan yang dipimpin Mark Zuckerberg itu memastikan tak ada pengguna asal Indonesia yang menjadi korban penyalahgunaan data oleh Cambridge Analytica.

"Dalam investigasi awal, Facebook menyebut tak ada pengguna asal Indonesia yang datanya diambil oleh Cambridge Analytica," tutur Semuel kepada Tekno Liputan6.com, Selasa (10/7/2018).

Selain itu, raksasa media sosial itu juga memperbarui data jumlah pengguna yang disalahgunakan. Menurut Semuel, data pengguna Facebook yang disalahgunakan seluruhnya ada di Amerika Serikat.

"Sebelumnya, disebutkan ada 87 juta pengguna Facebook yang terdampak, tapi dari laporan terkini, hanya ada 30 juta pengguna dan seluruhnya berada di Amerika Serikat," tuturnya menjelaskan.

Lebih lanjut dijelaskan oleh Semuel, Facebook memastikan tak ada kebocoran data pengguna. Media sosial itu menegaskan tak ada sistem keamanan yang dibobol oleh Cambridge Analytica maupun rekanannya.

"Facebook menyebut akses data oleh aplikasi itu terbatas pada informasi yang disetujui pengunduh aplikasi untuk dibagikan, sesuai dengan pengaturan privasi mereka sendiri," ujarnya.

Karenanya, pria yang akrab dipanggil Semmy tersebut menuturkan, batasan data yang dapat dibagi itu sebenarnya tergantung pada masing-masing individu pengguna.

"Jadi, memang di media sosial itu seluruhnya ada di kita (pengguna), termasuk soal pengaturan privasi. Jadi, ada yang membuka datanya, ada pula yang membatasinya," tuturnya menjelaskan.

Kendati demikian, ia memastikan pihaknya masih terus melakukan pengawasan, mengingat investigasi masih dilakukan. Ia pun menegaskan pada penyedia layanan di Indonesia harus mematuhi aturan, terutama soal privasi data.

Data Pengguna Facebook di 10 Negara Bocor, Indonesia Kena Imbasnya

Ilustrasi Facebook. Liputan6.com/Mochamad Wahyu Hidayat#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Sebelumnya, Facebook mengungkap informasi sekiranya 87 juta pengguna telah digunakan secara tidak layak oleh perusahaan konsultan politik, Cambridge Analytica.

Sebagian besar merupakan data pengguna Facebook di Amerika Serikat (AS), dan Indonesia juga termasuk tiga besar yang menjadi korban.

Ada 70,6 juta akun yang disalahgunakan berasal dari AS, Filipina berada di posisi ke dua dengan 1,2 juta dan Indonesia dengan 1 jutaan akun. Dari total jumlah akun yang disalahgunakan, 1,3 persen adalah milik pengguna di Indonesia.

Negara-negara lain yang juga menjadi korban adalah Inggris, Meksiko, Kanada, India, Brasil, Vietnam dan Australia. Namun, Facebook mengaku tidak tahu rincian data yang diambil dan jumlah pasti akun yang menjadi korban.

"Total, kami yakin informasi dari 87 juta orang di Facebook, sebagian besar di AS, telah dibagikan secara tidak layak dengan Cambridge Analytica," tulis Facebook dalam keterangan resminya, Kamis (5/4/2018).

Untuk mencegah masalah serupa kembali terjadi, Facebook sekaligus mengumumkan sembilan perubahan penting di layanannya. Hal ini bertujuan memberikan perlindungan yang lebih baik untuk seluruh informasi yang ada di Facebook.

Sembilan perubahan penting itu mencakup API untuk layanan Event, Group, Page, Instagram, Platform, login Facebook, Search and Account Recovery, data panggilan telepon dan pengiriman pesan, Data Providers and Partner Categories, serta pengaturan aplikasi.

(Dam/Ysl)

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          Cambridge Analytica, massimo della multa per Facebook dal Garante Privacy Uk. Ma sono solo 500mila sterline      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Scatta la prima multa per Facebook per omesso controllo sul caso di Cambridge Analytica, la società di consulenza, poi fallita, accusata di aver raccolto a scopi di propaganda politica i dati di 87 milioni di utenti di decine di Paesi del social network americano fondato da Mark Zuckerberg. Ad annunciarla, riferisce l’Ansa, è l’autorità britannica per
          Người đàn ông Trung Quốc giàu nhất sàn giao dịch tiền ảo      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Những năm gần đây, tiền ảo được nhiều nhà đầu tư quan tâm, trong đó có những tỷ phú nức danh như Elon Musk, Richard Branson... Những đồng bạc ảo nổi danh phải kể đến là Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin… Để mua những đồng tiền này, nhà đầu tư cần duyệt y các sàn giao thiệp.

Năm 2017, thị trường tiền ảo nhiều biến động và tăng trưởng mạnh giúp cho các sàn giao tế có một năm bội thu. Một trong những sàn giao du kiếm được nhiều tiền nhất chính là Binance đến từ Trung Quốc do Changpeng Zhao sáng lập.

Điều bất ngờ là sàn giao tiếp này mới được thành lập vào tháng 7/2017. Tính đến tháng 2 năm nay, chỉ sau 7 tháng hoạt động, sàn thực hành gần 1,4 triệu giao tế/giây, với 6 triệu người dùng và là sàn giao tế tiền ảo lớn nhất trên thế giới. Để đưa Binance trở nên startup tăng trưởng nhanh nhất thế giới vào nửa cuối năm 2017, người sáng lập Changpeng Zhao đã có những bước đi táo bạo.

Changpeng Zhao, 41 tuổi, người sáng lập sàn giao dịch tiền ảo lớn nhất thế giới Binance. Ảnh: Bitcoin.

Changpeng Zhao, 41 tuổi, người sáng lập sàn giao tế tiền ảo lớn nhất thế giới Binance. Ảnh: Bitcoin.

Changpeng Zhao luôn xuất hiện với hình ảnh mặc một chiếc áo hoodie màu đen và quần jeans giản dị. Ông được ví như sự kết hợp giữa Mark Zuckerberg và Steve Jobs. Nhìn vào thành quả mà Binance đã đạt được, công ty này xứng đáng được coi như Facebook hay Apple trong lĩnh vực tiền ảo.

Bán nhà để đầu tư tiền ảo

Zhao sinh ra ở thành phố Giang Tô trong một gia đình có bố và mẹ là những kiến thức có tiếng. Tuy nhiên, bố Zhao lại bị Chính phủ Trung Quốc cho là có tư tưởng ủng hộ tư sản và gặp nhiều khó khăn trong công việc. Cuối những năm 1980, gia đình Zhao quyết định chuyển đến sống tại Vancouver, Canada.

Ở tuổi thiếu niên, Zhao sang nhiều công việc làm thêm để kiếm tiền trang trải cuộc sống. Ông từng làm nhân viên bán hàng tại McDonald’s, viên chức làm đêm tại trạm xăng.

Zhao chọn học chuyên ngành khoa học máy tính tại Đại học McGill, đô thị Montreal. Sau khi ra trường, Zhao đảm đương vai trò xây dựng hệ thống kết hợp các lệnh mua bán cho Sở giao dịch Chứng khoán Tokyo. Sau đó, Zhao làm việc tại bộ phận Tradebook của tùng san Bloomberg tại New York, chuyên phát triển các phần mềm về thương nghiệp.

Sau tuổi 27, Zhao nhận ra chừng như tuốt tuột công sức ông bỏ ra không được trả mức lương tương hợp. Với vị trí quản lý của 3 nhóm phát triển tại New Jersey, London và Tokyo trong vòng 2 năm nhưng thu nhập của ông chỉ tăng lên có 3 lần so với ban sơ.

Zhao mất nhẫn nại, năm 2005 ông bỏ việc và chuyển đến sống tại Thượng Hải để khởi nghiệp dự án trước nhất với tên gọi Fusion System. Công ty này chuyên xây dựng hệ thống giao du cho các công ty môi giới.

Năm 2013, Zhao biết đến Bitcoin trong lần chơi bài cùng một nhà đầu tư. Zhao bắt đầu tìm hiểu sâu hơn các dự án về tiền ảo và cơ chế hoạt động của chúng. Đến năm 2014, Zhao liều bán căn hộ ở Thượng Hải để đầu tư vào tiền ảo Bitcoin.

Bước ngoặt cuộc thế Zhao mở ra khi ông quyết định tham gia vào công ty Blockchain.info với tư cách là một trong 3 thành viên trước tiên chuyên cáng đáng mảng ví điện tử. Là người đứng đầu một mảng quan trọng tại Blockchain.info, Zhao có dịp tiếp xúc với các chuyên gia về Bitcoin nức tiếng như Roger Ver và Ben Reeves. Điều này tạo điều kiện thuận lợi để Zhao hiểu hơn về tiền ảo và lên ý tưởng xây dựng một sàn giao tiếp tiền ảo thuần túy mà không cần sự có mặt của tiền mặt.

Đồng tiền ảo Bitcoin đang dần được các quốc gia xem xét và chấp nhận lưu thông trên thị trường. Ảnh: Bitcoin.

đồng tiền ảo Bitcoin đang dần được các quốc gia coi xét và ưng ý lưu thông trên thị trường. Ảnh: Bitcoin.

Năm 2017, khi ICO (hình thức huy động vốn tiền ảo từ các nhà đầu tư) bùng nổ, Zhao quyết định đưa vào hoạt động sàn giao thiệp tiền ảo Binance. Tháng 7/2017, Binance bán ICO đầu tiên với giá mở bán mỗi token BNB là 10 cent. Tuy nhiên startup Binance đã sang nhiều khó khăn và cạnh tranh ác liệt để có được thành công như hôm nay.

Để tránh việc sàn giao dịch tiền ảo Binance bị chi phối khối lượng giao tế, Zhao chuyển hội sở từ Thượng Hải sang Hong Kong. Tại đây, Binance không có hồ sơ nộp thuế nên không đủ điều kiện để thuê văn phòng diện tích lớn. tuốt tuột nhân viên của Binance phải chen chúc làm việc trong văn phòng với diện tích khiêm tốn.

"Chúng tôi thậm chí đã phải đặt bàn làm việc ngay bên ngoài nhà vệ sinh", Zhao nhớ lại.

Những nỗ lực của hàng ngũ Binance đã được đền đáp xứng đáng khi Binance đạt mức tăng trưởng lên đến 200% và đạt được lượng vốn hóa trên 1,3 tỷ USD. Đầu năm nay, CEO Changpeng Zhao góp mặt vào danh sách những tỷ phú thế giới với tổng tài sản khoảng 1,39 tỷ USD.

Chỉ sau một năm hoạt động, Binance đã soán ngôi Bittrex trở nên sàn giao tiếp tiền ảo lớn nhất thế giới. Khách hàng của Binance có 38% đến từ Mỹ, thị trường lớn thứ 2 là Nhật Bản, quốc gia công nhận giá trị của những đồng tiền ảo trong giao dịch thương nghiệp.

Thảo Nguyên

Theo Forbes


          Facebook recebe multa máxima no Reino Unido por conta da Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Em maio, Mark Zuckerberg precisou se explicar perante o Parlamento Europeu por causa do escândalo em que o Facebook se envolveu, relacionado à coleta indevida de dados de usuários feita pela Cambridge Analytica. Agora, os reguladores do Reino Unido decidiram aplicar à companhia detentora da rede social a multa máxima para este tipo de situação.

Segundo o Washington Post, o Facebook deverá pagar 500 mil libras (equivalente a US$ 664 mil). Isso porque o escritório da Comissão de Informações do Reino Unido descobriu que o Facebook não tinha proteções de privacidade suficientes em 2016, quando a Cambridge Analytica obteve os dados a fim de influenciar a campanha presidencial dos EUA naquele ano, também impactando na votação do Brexit na Europa. Ainda, segundo tal escritório, a rede social também não foi capaz de detectar sinais de alerta de que a Cambridge Analytica estava usando dados de seus usuários de maneira indevida.

Ainda assim, o anúncio da multa foi feito de maneira preliminar, podendo sofrer alterações com base em novas discussões entre reguladores do Reino Unido e representantes do Facebook. Em outubro, acontecerá uma outra determinação para o caso.


          Lei de proteção de dados é aprovada em caráter de urgência no Senado      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

O Senado aprovou nesta terça-feira (10) o projeto que propõe a criação de uma lei geral de proteção de dados no Brasil. Em votação simbólica, o texto recebeu o aval dos senadores e agora segue para sanção do presidente Michel Temer. Entre os dispositivos componentes, se encontram regras sobre como empresas e instituições devem coletar e processar informações pessoais, sob o risco de punições a serem aplicadas por um órgão regulador.

Em debate há dois anos, o projeto ganhou força após o escândalo envolvendo a Cambridge Analytica e sua utilização de dados de usuários do Facebook como forma de influenciar as eleições presidenciais dos EUA. Outro fator relevante para acelerar o processo foi a criação da norma europeia para proteção de dados, a GDPR, que entrou em vigor no último mês de maio.

Por sua aplicação se estender a quaisquer cidadãos da União Europeia — dentro ou fora dos limites políticos ou geográficos —, a GDPR tornou necessárias adequações legislativas também em outros países.

Baseado em responsabilidade solidária, o projeto de lei brasileiro prevê que o seu descumprimento por uma entidade gere punições para toda a cadeia. No caso, uma multa de 4% sobre o rendimento da empresa ou do conglomerado ao qual ela pertença, até o valor máximo de R$ 50 milhões.


          Mark Zuckerberg är femte rikast i världen – kolla hans bilar      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Hur skulle ditt garage se ut om du hade obegränsat med pengar? Facebooks grundare, Mark Zuckerberg är femte rikast i världen och har tillgångar tillgångar på sisådär 70 miljarder dollar – vad tycker du om hans val av bilar?
          Reino Unido podría imponer la máxima multa a Facebook por Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Reino Unido podría imponer la máxima multa a Facebook por Cambridge Analytica#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000\

Por no cumplir las leyes de protección de datos, el regulador británico ha dado a conocer que la empresa de Mark Zuckerberg podría pagar hasta 664.000 dólares.

El escándalo de Cambridge Analytica todavía no está ni cerca de llegar a su fin. Esta es la primera consecuencia económica que enfrenta Facebook.

La Oficina del Comisionado de Información del Reino Unido (ICO) ha dado a conocer que la autoridad reguladora de la privacidad está considerando imponer la máxima penalidad a la plataforma. Por el uso indebido de los datos de 87 millones de usuarios de la red social por parte de la firma británica de datos en desgracia, la empresa de Mark Zuckerberg podría llegar a pagar hasta 500.000 libras (664.000 dólares), según ha informado Bloomberg.

La multa preliminar fue revelada al publicar este 10 de julio un reporte con los primeros hallazgos de la investigación de ICO, en la que ha indagado a 30 organizaciones, incluyendo redes sociales como Facebook. En concreto, se le acusa de no haber protegido adecuadamente los datos de sus usuarios y de no haber informado el modo en que terceros podían acceder a dicha información.

"Facebook no brindó la clase de protección que debe ofrecer según las leyes de protección de datos", explicó a los medios Elizabeth Denham, titular del organismo y quien dirige las investigaciones sobre el uso de los datos de usuarios de Facebook en las pasadas elecciones presidenciales de los Estados Unidos y en el referéndum sobre el Brexit.

Para el Reino Unido, además de que los datos fueran usados a favor de la campaña digital de Donald Trump, es de gran relevancia que se usaran para manipular la opinión pública durante la toma de decisión del Brexit. Al respecto de que Cambridge Analytica también trabajó para una fuerza a favor del Brexit, Denham señaló:

Muy poca gente tenía noción de cómo podía ser objeto de mensajes micro-dirigidos, persuadida o empujada en una campaña democrática, en una elección o en un referéndum.

El próximo reporte de ICO será publicado en octubre. En tanto, Facebook tendrá oportunidad de responder a las acusaciones. "Debimos haber hecho más para investigar las denuncias sobre Cambridge Analytica y haber actuado en 2015", declaró este martes Erin Egan, encargada de privacidad en Facebook, en un comunicado. "Hemos trabajado junto con el ICO en su investigación de Cambridge Analytica, como lo hemos hecho con las autoridades de los Estados Unidos y en otros países. Estamos analizando el informe y pronto responderemos al ICO".

En un principio, Facebook había estimado que de los datos de 87 millones de usuarios compartidos inapropiadamente con Cambridge Analytica, 2.7 millones pertenecían a usuarios en Europa. Sin embargo, el mes pasado se retractó al declarar ante los legisladores del Parlamento Europeo que los datos podrían no haber sido compartidos después de todo. La red social indicó que no lo sabrá con certeza hasta que finalice su propia auditoría interna.

"Estamos en una encrucijada. El riesgo de perturbar la integridad del proceso democrático. Las nuevas tecnologías que usan análisis de datos para microobjetivar personas dan grupos de campaña. Pero esto no puede ser a expensas de la transparencia, la equidad y el cumplimiento de la ley", indicó Denham, y agregó:

Las multas y los enjuiciamientos castigan a los malos actores, pero mi verdadero objetivo es efectuar cambios y restaurar la confianza en nuestro sistema democrático.

ICO también informó que ha enviado cartas de advertencias a 11 partidos políticos y avisos que los obligan a aceptar auditorías de sus prácticas de protección de datos. Asimismo, ha mandado un aviso a SCL Elections Ltd, matriz de Cambridge Analytica y un proceso criminal por no tratar adecuadamente el aviso de aplicación de la ICO.

Por otro lado, la agencia británica también informó que todavía está evaluando posibles sanciones en contra de Aleksandr Kogan, el científico de datos que recolectó la información de los usuarios de Facebook a través de la aplicación This Is Your Digital Life, y de Alexander Nix, ex presidente ejecutivo de Cambridge Analytica.

El Reglamento General de Protección de Datos (GDPR) entró en vigor el 25 de mayo en toda la Unión Europea, después de los hechos investigados, por lo que no aplica porque la ley no es retroactiva. Pero de haber ocurrido posterior a esa fecha, la multa podría haber ascendido al 4% de las ventas anuales de Facebook, unos 1.600 millones de dólares.

Esta no sería la primera vez que Europa penaliza a Facebook. El año pasado, los reguladores de la Unión Europea multaron a la red social con 122 millones de dólares por haber proporcionado información engañosa sobre sus promesas de privacidad durante la adquisición de WhatsApp en 2014. Por su parte, los reguladores franceses también le impusieron su máxima multa por incumplir las normas de protección de datos del país, 166.000 dólares.


           Mark Zuckerberg lọt vào top 3 người giàu nhất thế giới      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Mark Zuckerberg lọt vào top 3 người giàu nhất thế giới Với khối lượng tài sản lên đến gần 82 tỷ USD, Mark Zuckerberg đã vươn lên giữ vị trí số 3 trong bảng xếp hạng của Bloomberg, cách biệt hơn 373 triệu USD so với Buffett, nhà đầu tư huyền thoại và CEO Berkshire Hathaway (BRKA).
          UK regulator to fine Facebook over data protection breaches      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
LONDON: Britain’s information regulator said on Wednesday she intends to fine Facebook for breaches of data protection law as her office investigates how millions of users’ data was improperly accessed by consultancy Cambridge Analytica. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has faced questioning by US and EU lawmakers over how Cambridge Analytica improperly got hold of the personal data of 87 million Facebook
          Facebook ซื้อหน้าโฆษณาในหนังสือพิมพ์อินเดีย แนะนำวิธีเช็กข่าวปลอมใน WhatsApp      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

จากเหตุการณ์ศาลเตี้ยทำการฆาตกรรมในอินเดีย เพราะคนเชื่อข่าวปลอมเรื่องลักพาตัวเด็กที่แชร์ใน WhatsApp และเหตุการณ์ทำนองนี้ไม่ใช่เพิ่งเกิดขึ้นในอินเดีย แต่ในระยะ 2-3 ปีให้หลังมานี้ เกิดเหตุแบบนี้อยู่เรื่อยๆ

ล่าสุด Facebook ได้ซื้อหน้าสื่อหนังสือพิมพ์ในอินเดีย 1 หน้าเต็มๆ เผยแพร่วิธีการเช็คข่าวปลอมที่แชร์กันใน WhatsApp พร้อมระบุด้วยว่า ภายในสัปดาห์นี้ WhatsApp จะมีฟีเจอร์ตรวจสอบข้อมูลว่าเป็นข้อมูลที่ได้รับการแชร์ต่อๆ กันมาหรือไม่ ในกรณีที่ผู้ใช้อยากหาต้นตอว่าแชร์มาจากใคร

เนื้อหาส่วนอื่นๆ เป็นการแนะนำวิธีตรวจสอบข่าวซึ่งเป็นหลักการที่ใช้กันทั่วไป ไม่ว่าจะเป็น ลองตรวจสอบข่าวกับแหล่งข่าวอื่นด้วย ดูการสะกดคำ ถ้ามีสะกดผิดมากให้สงสัยไว้ก่อนว่าเป็นข่าวปลอม ดูรูปภาพและวิดีโอให้ดีว่าผ่านการตัดต่อหรือไม่ เป็นต้น

ก่อนหน้านี้ Facebook ก็ซื้อหน้าหนังสือพิมพ์หัวใหญ่ของสหรัฐฯ และอังกฤษ เนื้อหาโฆษณาเป็นคำขอโทษจาก Mark Zuckerberg กรณีข้อมูลหลุดมาแล้ว

ที่มา - TechCrunch


          Xin góp chữ ký yêu cầu Facebook trả lời về Luật An ninh mạng      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

From: Quynh Dao <qdao@bigpond.net.au>
Sent: Wednesday, 11 July 2018 12:11 PM
To: Quynh Dao
Subject: Xin góp chữ ký yêu cầu Facebook trả lời về Luật An ninh mạng

Xin quý vị góp chữ ký yêu cầu Facebook trả lời về Luật An ninh mạng Việt Nam.
Kiến nghị này do nhóm Luật Khoa đề xướng, hiện đã có trên 7,000 chữ ký.

Xin giúp phổ biến rộng rãi. Trân trọng cảm ơn quý vị.

Quỳnh Dao
Hội viên Ân Xã Quốc Tế Ú Châu

https://www.change.org/p/%C4%91%E1%BB%81-ngh%E1%BB%8B-facebook-tr%E1%BA%A3-l%E1%BB%9Di-v%E1%BB%81-lu%E1%BA%ADt-an-ninh-m%E1%BA%A1ng-vi%E1%BB%87t-nam-b99e5c13-b003-4b65-ac71-ffa7ecb601a0?signed=true

Sign the Petition
www.change.org

Đề nghị Facebook trả lời về Luật An ninh mạng Việt Nam

Kính gửi: Ông Mark Zuckerberg – Chủ tịch kiêm Tổng Giám đốc Facebook

Chúng tôi, những người Việt Nam sử dụng Facebook, đặc biệt quan ngại về việc Quốc hội Việt Nam mới ban hành Luật An ninh mạng vào ngày 12/6/2018 vừa qua.

Theo đó, chính phủ Việt Nam sẽ yêu cầu các công ty nước ngoài như Facebook phải mở chi nhánh hoặc văn phòng đại diện tại Việt Nam, lưu trữ dữ liệu người dùng Việt Nam tại Việt Nam, và cung cấp thông tin cá nhân của người dùng cho chính phủ Việt Nam theo yêu cầu. Đạo luật này tương tự với Luật An ninh mạng Trung Quốc, trực tiếp đe doạ tới quyền riêng tư và tự do ngôn luận của người dùng Việt Nam.

Tổ chức Human Rights Watch đã phân tích chi tiết đạo luật này tại đây. Tổ chức Ân xá Quốc tế cũng đã gửi thư cho ông về cùng một vấn đề tại đây.

Đạo luật An ninh mạng sẽ bắt đầu có hiệu lực kể từ ngày 1/1/2019. Tuy nhiên, bất chấp những lo ngại nêu trên, cho đến nay, chúng tôi vẫn chưa thấy Facebook đưa ra bất kỳ phản ứng nào về đạo luật này. Trong khi đó, nhiều bài viết phê phán chính quyền gần đây đã bị xoá không rõ lý do. Chúng tôi cũng được biết Facebook đã và đang tiếp xúc với nhiều quan chức chính phủ Việt Nam. Tất cả những diễn biến này khiến chúng tôi đặc biệt lo ngại rằng Facebook sẽ hợp tác với chính phủ và phản bội người dùng Việt Nam.

Vậy, chúng tôi đề nghị ông và công ty Facebook trả lời một số câu hỏi sau đây muộn nhất là ngày 12/9, tròn ba tháng sau khi Luật An ninh mạng được thông qua.

Facebook có lưu trữ thông tin riêng tư của người dùng ở Việt Nam như yêu cầu của Luật An ninh mạng không?
Một tờ báo nhà nước của Việt Nam cho biết hiện nay Facebook đang lưu dữ liệu tại ít nhất 300 máy chủ ở Việt Nam, thông tin này có chính xác không? Nếu có thì đó là những dữ liệu gì và chính quyền Việt Nam có tiếp cận được các dữ liệu đó không?
Facebook có cung cấp bất kỳ thông tin nào của người dùng Việt Nam cho chính phủ Việt Nam không? Facebook đã bao giờ chia sẻ dữ liệu người dùng cho bất kỳ công ty Việt Nam nào chưa?
Facebook có tuân thủ quy định của Luật An ninh mạng và kiểm duyệt nội dung của người dùng theo yêu cầu của chính phủ Việt Nam, đặc biệt là thông tin bất lợi cho chính phủ và các công ty thân chính phủ không?
Nếu Facebook có ý định tuân thủ Luật An ninh mạng, liệu Facebook có sẵn sàng công khai nội dung các yêu cầu của chính phủ Việt Nam và các phản hồi của Facebook đối với các yêu cầu đó như một phần của chính sách minh bạch của mình hay không?
Chúng tôi coi việc Facebook trả lời những câu hỏi trên là hành động tôn trọng đối với hơn 50 triệu người dùng Việt Nam, và là một trong những yếu tố quan trọng để chúng tôi cân nhắc có tiếp tục sử dụng Facebook nữa hay không.

Xin cảm ơn và chúc ông mọi điều tốt lành.
          Comment on Facebook faces £500,000 fine over Cambridge Analytica data harvesting first exposed by Observer-led cohort by Alan      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Half a million pounds when in 2017 Facebook was valued at around £445 billion. The government's that claim the responsibility to protect user's are complicit and have profited from Facebook's activities. Mr Zuckerberg understands the ICO's public appeasement yet where it matters all know it's just business as usual. The only protection one has is to switch it off.
          Here's how much you would have made investing $1,000 in Facebook, Amazon, Netflix and 19 other major companies back in the day      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

facebook ipo

  • Several big-name companies, like Facebook, AmazonWalmart, or Netflix, have seen their stock prices skyrocket in the years or decades since they went public.
  • We took a look at what a $1,000 investment in 22 household names would be worth today, using historical price data from Yahoo Finance.
  • A $1,000 investment in Walmart in 1980 would be worth over $1.6 million today.

Early investors in some of the biggest companies in the world, like Facebook, AmazonWalmart, or Netflix, have seen their fortunes greatly magnified over the years.

Business Insider took a look at historical split- and dividend-adjusted price data from Yahoo Finance for 22 corporations that have become household names, and found what a $1,000 investment made back in the day would be worth as of their closing prices on July 3, 2018.

For companies that held their initial public offering or came into being after 1980, we used their IPO date as the starting point, and for older companies, we assumed an investment in early 1980.

Here's how much you'd have made investing in those companies back in the day.

SEE ALSO: Here's how much the typical millennial, Gen X, and baby-boomer worker earns in every US state

A $1,000 investment in Facebook after its May 18, 2012 IPO would be worth over $5,000 as of July 3, 2018.



A $1,000 investment in Netflix after its May 23, 2002 IPO would be worth around $326,000 now.



A $1,000 investment in Apple after its December 12, 1980 IPO would be worth around $8 million today.



See the rest of the story at Business Insider

          Великобритания глобява Facebook с 500 хил. паунда      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Санкцията е заради скандала с изтичането на лични данни

          Top 10 Marketing Tips to Survive Facebook’s New Algorithm Changes      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
  Marketers are quickly scrambling to adapt to Facebook’s latest algorithm changes, which significantly scale back the visibility of organic (unpaid) posts that have been published by business accounts. In January 2018, Mark Zuckerberg, founder & CEO of Facebook, announced changes to Facebook’s News Feed algorithm that would heavily favor content from “friends, family, and […]
          Kara dla Facebooka za udostępnienie danych internautów      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Brytyjski urząd zajmujący się bezpieczeństwem danych nałożył na Facebooka karę za udostępnienie danych użytkowników firmie Cambridge Analytica. Firma Marka Zuckerberga będzie musiała zapłacić pół miliona funtów.
          Mark Cuban explains the steps any parent should take when their child has an idea for a business — whether you think it's good or not      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

mark cuban"Shark Tank"/ABC

  • Mark Cuban said it's up to parents to guide their children when they show an entrepreneurial streak.
  • In his upcoming book "Kid Start-Up," Cuban said parents can help their children by coming up with an action plan for their business idea.
  • Parents can also help by setting realistic goals and by encouraging their children, regardless of their business ideas.


Parents can often get in the way of their children's success.

So when your child shows an entrepreneurial streak at a young age, you should take their ideas seriously and let them play out naturally.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

NOW WATCH: What it means to be 'fearless' at work and how you can get over your fear

See Also:

SEE ALSO: The best —and worst — habits of Mark Zuckerberg, Jeff Bezos, and more successful people

DON'T MISS: 11 of the best books you can read in a week


          Facebook is facing multiple class action lawsuits over the Cambridge Analytica scandal      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook CEO.Advocacy group Fair Vote is assembling a class action suit against Facebook over the Cambridge Analytica data scandal. It would appear to be the first group action Facebook would have to fight for its mishandling of people's information.
          Facebook introduced secretive new developer terms to prevent another Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg.There are new details of the secretive new terms Facebook is asking developers to sign before they can run apps on the social network. These are designed to help Facebook police what data developers use and to prevent a second Cambridge Analytica.
          Humanités numériques - Culture numérique - introduction, 1re partie - Hervé Le Crosnier      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   


Hervé Le Crosnier

Titre : Humanités numériques - Culture numérique : introduction, première partie
Intervenant : Hervé Le Crosnier
Lieu : Université de Caen Normandie - Centre d'enseignement multimédia universitaire
Date : septembre 2017
Durée : 56 min
Visionner la vidéo
Diaporama support de la présentation, pages 1 à 31
Licence de la transcription : Verbatim
Illustration : diapositives 3 et 4 du diaporama ; licence OER Open Educational Resources, licence Creative Commons, by-sa
NB : transcription réalisée par nos soins. Les positions exprimées sont celles des personnes qui interviennent et ne rejoignent pas forcément celles de l'April.

Description

Cours de Culture numérique dans le cadre de la Licence Humanités parcours Humanités numériques.

Transcription

On m’a demandé un challenge qui est d’arriver en un peu moins de deux heures, parce qu’on va faire une petite pause quand même, à introduire ce que sont, ce que peut être la culture numérique.

Définir la culture numérique

J’ai choisi comme première image de cette définition quelqu’un qui vient de changer de statut : vous savez que Mario [personnage du jeu vidéo de Nintendo] n’est plus plombier, que c’est toute votre jeunesse qui est en train de disparaître.

Pourquoi parler de Mario en culture numérique ? Parce qu’en fait la culture numérique c’est à la fois une culture générale pour le 21e siècle, nous allons le voir par la suite, mais c’est aussi de la pop culture ou de la pop philosophie. Il ne se passe un jour sans que, en ouvrant un journal, en regardant une télévision, on ne s’aperçoive qu’il y a des questions numériques qui sont posées dans toutes les interventions. Ce matin Le Temps, le grand journal de Genève, titrait à sa une « Comment l’agriculture suisse se met au numérique ». Vous voyez ! Tous les sujets aujourd’hui sont complètement confrontés à cette question du numérique. Et en même temps pour nous, pour nos pratiques quotidiennes, le numérique c’est plus proche de Mario, c’est plus proche des jeux, c’est plus proche de notre usage du téléphone, des médias sociaux, etc.

Ce qui est une difficulté aussi pour parler de la culture numérique c’est, bien évidemment, que vous êtes plongés dedans. Vous êtes plongés dedans et vous avez l’impression, donc, qu’il n’y a rien à apprendre puisque vous êtes déjà plongés ; vous savez très bien vous servir de Snapchat1, peut-être même mieux que moi parce que je n’aime pas Snapchat. Donc voilà ! À quoi ça sert d’apprendre la culture numérique ?

Donc ça va être un peu l’objectif aujourd’hui, c’est de vous montrer qu’il faut qu’on arrive à comprendre que derrière chaque activité numérique – vous en faites, j’en fais, et ce ne sont pas forcément les mêmes, et des tas de gens, vous avez vu donc les agriculteurs suisses sont en train de s’y mettre, ils font des activités numériques, mais ce ne sont pas forcément les mêmes – il y a toute une série d’enjeux qui se retrouvent parmi toutes ces activités. Donc ce qui est important c’est d’être capable de regarder la culture numérique ; non pas apprendre comment on s’en sert mais apprendre selon quel angle de vue on peut analyser les phénomènes numériques qui se déroulent sous nos yeux, qui forgent, vous le savez bien, la société d’aujourd’hui. Vous n’êtes pas sans savoir que le président du pays le plus riche et le plus actif dans le monde a mené la campagne sur Twitter et sur Facebook et donc vous savez bien qu’en fait toutes nos activités passent maintenant par les réseaux numériques.

Angles de vue

Après il faut le regarder selon plusieurs angles de vue :

  • il y a un angle économique ; je pense qu’on ne peut pas oublier que derrière il y a de l’économie ; que parmi les entreprises les plus riches de la planète, parmi les dix premières, il y en a sept qui viennent du monde numérique. On ne peut pas non plus ignorer ce que ça représente, c’est-à-dire qu’il y a un marché, je vais y revenir tout à l’heure. Donc à partir du moment où il y a beaucoup d’argent, il faut bien que quelqu’un donne cet argent et, en même temps, pour la majeure partie de vos activités, vous avez l’impression que c’est gratuit. Donc ça pose quand même là une question de la nature même de cette économie du numérique ;
  • il y a un angle de vue social. Social aux deux sens du mot : vos relations sociales et puis le social, les conditions de travail, l’avenir du travail, le remplacement je n’y crois pas trop, mais au moins la modification du travail par l’apport de l’intelligence artificielle et des robots ;
  • il y a l’aspect de la culture. La culture au sens traditionnel, la culture lettrée, je vais y revenir un peu tout à l’heure, comment est-ce qu’elle est profondément modifiée par l’irruption du numérique ;
  • il y a un angle de vue politique, bien évidemment. Vous savez certainement que Mark Zuckerberg, le fondateur de Facebook, est en train de préparer sa campagne électorale de 2020 ;
  • il y a un angle de vue historique. Alors là je sais que j’ai du mal, parce que vous êtes en plus des jeunes qui sortez du lycée, à faire passer que tous ces appareils numériques que vous utilisez au quotidien sont en réalité très récents. Pour vous, vous êtes nés avec Google donc c’est un peu plus compliqué, mais pour une grande partie des gens ce sont des choses qui ont eu une histoire. Et retourner sur l’histoire, se poser des questions sur comment on en est arrivé là, c’est souvent un bon moyen de comprendre ce qu’on peut faire à partir d’aujourd’hui pour préparer demain ;
  • il y a un aspect de géopolitique, c’est-à-dire qu’il y a un rééquilibrage du monde qui se fait au travers des usages numériques et il ne faut pas l’oublier. Je vais y revenir aussi, tous ces éléments-là ;
  • et enfin il y a des aspects pratiques. Quelles sont les pratiques au quotidien, ce que font les gens, en fait, avec leurs appareils numériques ?

Objectifs

Mais derrière, il ne suffit pas d’avoir plusieurs points de vue, plusieurs angles de vue pour analyser l’objet « culture numérique », il faut aussi avoir des objectifs. Quel est l’objectif de la culture numérique ? À quoi ça va servir ?

J’ai mis en tête l’émancipation. Comme toute culture, elle sert principalement à favoriser l’autonomie des gens : ils deviennent autonomes en comprenant le monde dans lequel ils sont plongés.

Comprenant, moi j’ai écrit critique. Pourquoi la critique ? La critique ce n’est pas forcément dire du mal. La critique c’est avoir un regard en recul ; je me recule, je regarde et je dis « Ah ben là, ça c’est bien, ça c’est moins bien. Ça avance aux intérêts de x ou aux intérêts de y ; les intérêts de x et y ne sont pas tout à fait les mêmes. Je ne suis pas convaincu que les intérêts de l’usager de Facebook soient les mêmes que ceux de Mark Zuckerberg ; je ne suis pas convaincu que les intérêts de l’usager de Google soient les mêmes que ceux des dirigeants de Google.

L’autre objectif c’est l’influence et l’influence c’est l’objectif qu’ont, en fait, tous les gens qui vont financer la culture numérique, qui vont financer des outils numériques. Ils ont un objectif d’influence, je vais y revenir, j’appelle ça l’industrie de l’influence.

Il y en a d’autres qui ont un objectif marketing. C’est-à-dire ils regardent la culture numérique, ils produisent des livres très intéressants sur la culture numérique, sur les pratiques des gens, sur leurs usages, sur leur capacité à suivre un système numérique et donc, finalement, à verser de l’argent, à verser leur obole à cette immense économie, mais ils le font du point de vue de l’incitation du contrôle sur l’usager. Donc ce que j’appelle l’approche marketing.

Enfin, il y a une approche de citoyenneté, c’est-à-dire à partir du moment où on est d’accord avec les prémisses que j’ai posées tout à l’heure, c’est-à-dire le fait que nous sommes plongés dans le monde numérique, ce n’est plus aujourd’hui un outil qui nous est extérieur, qu’on mobiliserait de temps en temps ; ce n’est pas un ordinateur qui est dans une grande salle blanche et qui nous sert pour faire les calculs pour envoyer un homme sur la lune. Non, non, c’est un monde qui existe, dans lequel nous sommes plongés et donc que devient la citoyenneté ? Et dans cet aspect de citoyenneté que devient la citoyenneté mondiale ?

Là aussi, un autre aspect. Vous rentrez à l’université, vous allez débuter en culture numérique, vous allez travailler des humanités numériques, je vous conseille de penser la mondialisation ; penser le monde comme un seul monde et, dans ce cadre-là, de tenir compte à la fois des conflits, des divergences, mais aussi des convergences, des pratiques communes.

Digital Natives

Autre mythe qu’il faut évacuer, peut-être dès le début, c’est celui des digital natives. Cette idée que vous, parce que vous êtes nés à l’époque où ça existait déjà, vous sauriez parfaitement vous débrouiller avec les appareils numériques. Ça c’est un mythe marketing et on comprend très bien qui a intérêt à développer ce mythe-là : ce sont tous ceux qui vous vendent l’informatique magique ; c’est-à-dire tous ceux qui disent : « Il n’y a pas de problème, c’est facile. Faites et ne vous posez pas de questions ! Oubliez l’aspect critique de la culture numérique, de vous poser des questions : comment ça marche ? Pourquoi ça marche ? Qui gagne quelque chose quand ça marche ? Qu’est-ce qu’on me cache quand ça marche ? Qu’est-ce que je ne peux pas faire qui est aussi important que de savoir ce qu’on peut faire ? » Donc ce mythe des digital natives.

Il y a un autre mythe c’est de croire qu’il y a uniformité des gens à cause de leur âge. Mais non, vous êtes tous différents ici. En plus ici vous êtes relativement homogènes : vous êtes une classe de L1 en Lettres à l’université de Caen, c’est relativement homogène. Mais à l’échelle de l’ensemble des pratiques de la jeunesse, dans notre pays, en Europe, dans le monde entier, il y a d’énormes différences et d’énormes contradictions.

Enfin, j’aime beaucoup la phrase de Eszter Hargittai que j’ai mise en bas des diapositives qui dit qu’on a plus souvent à faire à « des naïfs du numérique » qu’à des « natifs du numérique ».

À ce propos je voulais dire que les diapositives vous seront accessibles. Elles seront sur le site du CEMU, après vous pourrez les retrouver.

[Projection d’un extrait d’une vidéo]

Je voudrais vous faire deviner ce qui se passe dans cette vidéo. À votre avis qu’est-ce que se passe là ?

Pokémon. Ouais, exactement. On est à New-York et ce sont tous ces gens il y a un an ; un an ! Vous vous rendez compte ; un siècle ! Ça s’est passé il y a un an et on n’en parle plus aujourd’hui, mais à l’époque vous étiez tous en train de lancer vos Pokéballs sur le prof parce qu’il avait un gros Pokémon d’écrit sur le ventre.

Donc on est quand même là aussi dans cette pop culture numérique qui est de comprendre deux choses :

  • la première c’est qu’il n’y a plus de distinction entre le monde réel et le monde virtuel. C’est ça que nous a montré Pokémon Go, c’est-à-dire l’idée que quand vous regardez le monde réel, au même endroit il y a des éléments virtuels qui se mettent en place ;
  • et le deuxième élément c’est l’importance des cartes dans la géographie du numérique. C’est-à-dire à l’intérieur du numérique la majeure partie des applications aujourd’hui sont liées à de la géolocalisation. Où êtes-vous avec l’appareil que vous utilisez ? Et comment on va gérer avec vous les déplacements de votre appareil et donc de vous-même par voie de conséquence ?

Enfin, il y a peut-être une troisième leçon, c’est qu’en un an on a oublié. C’était sympa Pokémon Go il y a un an ; aujourd’hui on a complètement oublié !

En même temps l’économie qui a été générée, les bénéfices de Nintendo, etc., tout ça continue d’exister et va se répercuter sur d’autres jeux, d’autres éléments, d’autres succès, donc on est non seulement dans une industrie de la pop culture, mais on est aussi dans une industrie de la mode.

Culture

La culture. Culture ! Culture on en parle. Le terme de culture a deux sens, en fait.

C’est une notion anthropologique. Qu’est-ce qui fait qu’on a une culture commune qui se manifeste par exemple dans la manière de manger, dans le type de plats que l’on déguste, dans le type de poésie, dans la vivacité ou la lenteur de l’ensemble de nos activités, etc., qui forment des groupes homogènes ? Ça c’est un aspect anthropologique et on voit bien que la culture numérique a à voir avec cet aspect-là, avec l’aspect de nos pratiques, de l’uniformisation de nos pratiques au travers des outils numériques, du type d’échanges et de contacts, de réseau social qui va se mettre en place.

Et la deuxième interprétation, la deuxième acception de la culture, c’est une notion lettrée. On a la culture lettrée. Mais on voit bien là aussi avec le numérique qu’on a à la fois l’ancienne culture lettrée qui devient numérisée, y compris la musique classique, la numérisation des livres, toute cette activité, les radios qui deviennent des podcasts et ainsi de suite, donc la numérisation de l’ancienne activité de culture lettrée, mais aussi, et ça c’est tout aussi intéressant peut-être même beaucoup plus, l’émergence d’une nouvelle culture lettrée, de nouvelles pratiques, de nouvelles manières d’échanger, de nouvelles vidéos, de nouveaux podcasts justement faits par des gens, les youtubeurs, les podcasteurs ; enfin vous voyez, toute une série de nouvelles cultures qu’on pourrait appeler aussi un développement de la culture participative parce que la majeure partie de cette nouvelle culture qui émerge de l’Internet est d’emblée quelque chose de collectif, quelque chose qui se passe par le réseau et qui interagit entre le spectateur et l’émetteur de culture.

Peut-être le grand basculement pour la culture lettrée, c’est qu’il n’y a plus quelqu’un qui est en haut de l’estrade et qui parle à un public, mais il y a une interaction permanente entre les émetteurs de culture, donc les gens qui font du son, de la musique, de la vidéo, du texte, etc., et les récepteurs de la culture qui ne sont plus considérés comme des individus passifs ; donc ce qu’on appelle la culture participative.

La longue traîne

Dernier point dans mon introduction un peu générale, c’est peut-être une courbe qui me semble très importante à garder en tête pour l’ensemble des cours de culture numérique que vous allez avoir cette année. Cette courbe-là : en abscisse, vous avez le rang ; ici, il y a le morceau de musique le plus écouté, puis un peu moins écouté, puis un peu moins écouté, et puis là il y a tous les morceaux de musique très peu écoutés ; ce sont les rangs, l’ordre, le premier jusqu’au dernier. Et puis en ordonnée c’est le nombre de fois que le morceau de musique a été écouté, la fréquence.

Et on peut distinguer sur une telle courbe trois zones très simples :

  • il y a une zone de l’audience ; presque tout le monde écoute les mêmes morceaux de musique au même moment. Presque tout le monde lit les mêmes livres au même moment, on appelle ça des best-sellers. Presque tout le monde regarde les mêmes films au même moment, ce sont les blockbusters et ainsi de suite. Donc il y a une zone qui va concentrer, en fait, l’ensemble de l’activité culturelle ;
  • il y a une autre zone, qu’on appelle la zone de la longue traîne, qui consiste en énormément d’activité culturelle, de livres, de disques, de films, de textes, de blogs, mais qui sont lus par un nombre relativement faible de personnes. Donc c’est une longue traîne, sur lesquels, en fait, on a tendance à penser qu’il faudrait être le Zorro de la culture, c’est-à-dire qu’il faudrait dire « Ah ouais, c’est scandaleux, il faut les monter ! » Non ! Plus vous allez faire monter les gens de la longue traîne et plus la traîne va s’allonger parce que d’autres personnes vont se mettre à écrire, à faire de la musique, à tout ça. Elle restera toujours : c’est indispensable pour la valeur de la culture qu’il y ait de la diversité culturelle, donc qu’il y ait cette longue traîne. C’est aussi indispensable pour la culture numérique, celle dont je vous dis qu’il y a une relation entre l’émetteur de culture et le récepteur, que les amateurs puissent se servir des appareils numériques. Qu’il y ait donc des blogs faits par des amateurs, qu’il y ait de la vidéo faite par des amateurs, qu’il y ait de la musique faite par des amateurs, qu’il y ait des photographies faites par des amateurs et ainsi de suite. Ils n’espèrent globalement pas être lus, avoir une économie, mais bien être présents et construire cette culture participative ;
  • et puis entre les deux il y a la zone de la diversité culturelle. Disons que comme il y a suffisamment de gens qui vont regarder, écouter, lire, on peut espérer qu’il y a une économie derrière et que ça va favoriser. Là, globalement, ce sont des gens dont entend parler mais qui ne sont pas dans le Top 50 : Des films qu’on va voir quand même, les films d’art et d’essai, des trucs comme ça. C’est sur cette zone-là qu’il faut penser des politiques culturelles. Ce n’est pas la peine de les penser sur la zone de l’audience, là le marché se débrouille très bien, et sur la zone de la longue traîne non plus ; il faut trouver des modèles économiques pour cette longue traîne, mais ce sont presque des modèles au cas par cas.

Et il faut toujours garder cette idée en tête. Quand on parle d’une culture quelconque, en fait on a tendance à se focaliser tous spontanément sur cette zone de l’audience où il y a énormément d’écoute de très peu, en réalité, de productions culturelles, ou bien à être sur la longue traîne. Mais la chose importante c’est peut-être l’entre deux.

Séisme

Sur ces éléments d’introduction, maintenant je voudrais dire à quel point l’irruption du numérique a provoqué un séisme, c’est-à-dire globalement, toutes les activités ont été touchées par l’irruption du numérique. Les industries sont modifiées : regardez tout à l’heure pour la photographie. Il y a des nouvelles industries, ce qu’on appelle les pure players, Google, Facebook, Amazon ; ce ne sont pas des petits rigolos ; ce sont des gens qui viennent sur le numérique et qui, à partir de ça, vont disrupter, c’est le terme à la mode, donc vont modifier, en réalité, les industries qui étaient déjà en place, les modèles aussi d’usage qui étaient déjà en place.

Il y a des rapports de force mondiaux qui sont modifiés. Là aussi, la montée en puissance de l’Asie dans le numérique est quelque chose d’absolument exceptionnel, j’y reviendrai tout à l’heure.

Et puis il y a des rapports de force politiques. Je vous disais tout à l’heure, si vous avez remarqué, dans les dix dernières années la plupart des gens qui ont été élus ont commencé par l’annoncer sur Twitter avant de l’annoncer à la télévision. C’est quand même un changement assez radical.

Photographie

[Projection d’une publicité Kodak Instamatic]

« Vacances. Instants magiques. Souvenirs magnifiques. Instamatic. Oh ! Chargeur super pratique. Quelques secondes et clic. Instamatic. Ah ! Clic couleurs féeriques. En noir et blanc classique. Instamatic. Ah ! Pratique clair électrique. Pour un seul flash cubique. Instamatic. C’est photo fantastique, un appareil unique. Instamatic. Ah ! Ah ! Ah ! Clic ! Clac ! Clic ! Clac ! Clic ! Clac ! Merci Kodak ! »

Hervé Le Crosnier : Voilà. Donc là on est 1963, c’était la publicité de l’Instamatic de Kodak. Kodak, il faut vous rendre compte que c’était la plus grande entreprise mondiale du 20e siècle. Toutes les familles avaient un Kodak chez elles pour prendre les photos de l’album famille. C’était l’industrie qui servait à tout le monde, qui était l’industrie de la joie, celle du souvenir, celle de la manière dont on allait garder trace du passé.

[Projection d’une publicité pour l'iPhone]

Maintenant tout a changé et vous remarquerez que dans cette publicité pour l’iPhone, les premiers gestes sont de faire des selfies, c’est-à-dire de se prendre soi-même dans toutes les circonstances, toutes les situations, avec une massivité de la production de photos, avec la création de collections aussi ; donc on peut gérer à ce moment-là plusieurs photos en collections. Et puis l’aspect d’immédiateté de la photographie : là où auparavant il fallait développer un film, ce qui prenait beaucoup de temps, là où aujourd’hui on la regarde presque immédiatement et on la pose sur Facebook à peu près aussi vite. Donc on est dans une situation ! Et Kodak n’existe plus. Et Kodak n’existe plus ! Un élément important donc, une industrie majeure qui vient de disparaître : en dix ans Kodak a disparu !

Rupture

Cette industrie aime la rupture. Vous avez ici Steve Jobs ; je vous propose d’écouter le début de son intervention ; Steve Jobs est un homme de spectacle.

[Projection de la vidéo, en anglais, Steve Jobs Introducing The iPhone At MacWorld 2007]

Steve Jobs : This is a day I’ve looking forward to for two-and-a-half years. [Applaudissements]

Hervé le Crosnier : C’est en anglais, je ne saurais trop vous dire, vous êtes en L1 apprenez l’anglais, vous ne pouvez pas faire autrement.

Steve Jobs : Every once in a while a revolutionary product comes along that changes everything and Apple has been, well, first of all, one’s very fortunate if you get to work on just one of these in your career. has been, well, first of all, one’s very fortunate if you get to. It's been able to introduce a few of these in the world. In 1984, we introduced the Macintosh. It didn't just change Apple, it changed the whole computer industry. [Applaudissements]

Hervé le Crosnier : Grosso modo, il a eu la chance de faire des produits révolutionnaires qui ont changé le monde tout le temps. Donc les gens sont contents quand ils font un produit révolutionnaire, mais Apple a eu la chance de le faire plusieurs fois, à commencer par, en 1984, le Macintosh qui introduisait l’informatique individuelle réellement accessible à tout le monde.

Steve Jobs : In 2001 we introduced the first iPod and it didn’t change the way we all listen music ; it changed the entire music industry.

Hervé le Crosnier : Le iPod que vous avez eu quand vous étiez enfant.

Steve Jobs : Well today we're introducing three revolutionary products of this class. The first one is a widescreen iPod with touch controls. [Applaudissements]

Hervé le Crosnier : Alors les gens qui applaudissent, c’est très intéressant, ce sont des journalistes. En principe on n’applaudit pas quand on est journaliste, on enquête. La puissance de la société du spectacle chez Apple est d’avoir transformé les journalistes en confrères, en amis, en réseau de soutien à leur propre activité.

Steve Jobs : The second is a revolutionary mobile and the third is a breakthrough Internet communications device. So three things, wide-screen iPod with touch controls, a revolutionary mobile phone and a breakthrough Internet communications device.

Hervé le Crosnier : Le spectacle continue.

Steve Jobs : An iPod, a phone and an Internet communicator. An iPod, a phone, are you getting this? These are not three separate devices, this is one device and we are calling it iPhone. [Applaudissements]

Hervé le Crosnier : Donc voilà. J’interromps ici parce que la présentation continue. Mais je trouve que c’est très important de mesurer cette proximité entre le spectacle de la technologie et l’avancée de la technologie. La culture numérique, justement, a pour raison d’être de nous permettre de ne pas être victimes de ce qu’on appelle le déterminisme technologique, de croire que c’est la technologie qui va changer le monde ; mais c’est l’usage rendu possible par la technologie qui change le monde. Donc à partir de ce moment-là, il y a la nécessité de décrire cet usage, de le faire vivre et ça, c’est de l’ordre du spectacle.

Effectivement Steve Jobs et derrière lui Apple, était un grand, comment on dit, une vedette du spectacle.

Cette photo maintenant est pour introduire l’autre aspect dont je vous ai un peu parlé tout à l’heure qui est celui de la mondialisation. Nous sommes là sur un marché au nord du Vietnam, les gens sont les Hmong des couleurs en habits traditionnels mais ils ont tous un téléphone mobile à la main. Le Wi-fi est partout et ils peuvent communiquer en permanence.

Géopolitique

Donc là, bien se rendre compte que ce n’est plus l’apanage des pays riches d’être dotés d’outils de communication – ce n’est pas forcément les mêmes outils de communication, avec des règles adaptées à chaque niveau de vie –, mais aujourd’hui c’est devenu un outil.

On a longtemps pensé que les pays asiatiques étaient l’usine à bas coût sur laquelle on faisait fabriquer des appareils qui étaient designés, qui étaient conçus dans les pays du Nord. C’est fini ! C’est fini ! Aujourd’hui les plus avancés sur les usages sont à trouver en Chine. En Chine, plus de 50 % des gens payent avec leur téléphone mobile, avec deux entreprises qui s’appellent Alibaba avec Alipay et Tencent-WeChat.
Donc je voudrais vous mettre en garde sur la vision occidentalo-centrée de l’Internet et des nouvelles technologies. C’est un mythe qui a été développé en particulier par un grand discours très connu de Al Gore en 1994 à Buenos-Aires, où il disait que les autoroutes de l’information avaient comme modèle et comme cœur les États-Unis, ce qui s’était fait aux États-Unis. C’est fini et radicalement fini ! Pourtant les journalistes continuent à parler des GAFA, Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple. C’est vrai , ce sont quatre grands costauds ; on pourrait rajouter Twitter, Microsoft, mais surtout ils sont à peine plus costauds aujourd’hui que les géants asiatiques qui émergent, notamment Alibaba qui fait du commerce électronique mais qui fait aussi du paiement, qui fait de la messagerie. Tiens la messagerie !

En Chine, l’outil principal c’est la messagerie et c’est à l’intérieur de la messagerie qu’on va faire des achats, qu’on va payer, qu’on va s’échanger de l’argent, etc. En Europe, c’est le navigateur : on va regarder sur son navigateur, même si c’est celui de son téléphone mobile, pour trouver les sites qui vont nous permettre d’acheter, d’échanger, les réseaux sociaux, etc. Donc là c’est une première divergence importante.

Donc Alibaba, très fort. Tencent avec Wechat qui est le système de blog qui doit être le plus gros système de blog de la planète. Et puis Baidu qui fait de la recherche documentaire, qui fait des voitures autonomes intelligentes, Baidu qui est, en fait, l’équivalent chinois de Google.

Donc il faut qu’on arrête de penser occidentalo-centré ; il faut regarder le développement de l’Internet à l’échelle du monde et peut-être certainement demain le développement de nouvelles formes de l’Internet qui émergeront en Afrique.

Multilinguisme

Et un dernier point sur cette mondialisation c’est arrêter de penser l’Internet comme étant monolingue, voire bilingue avec l’anglais. Aujourd’hui, la langue la plus parlée sur Internet c’est le chinois. Vous me direz c’est facile, n’importe quoi que font les Chinois c’est d’un seul coup la chose qui est la plus réalisée au monde ! Vous croyez tous que c’est le foot qui est le sport le plus pratiqué. Non, c’est le volley-ball parce que les Chinois font du volley-ball.

Donc voilà. Il faut penser des langues. Vous êtes en plus de jeunes étudiants, continuez à faire des langues ! Je vous assure, c’est la voie de l’avenir, c’est peut-être la chose la plus importante que vous pouvez faire c’est acquérir un maximum de capacités à échanger dans les langues de l’Internet, enfin toutes les langues qui se pratiquent sur Internet ; il y a 280 langues pour l’encyclopédie Wikipédia.

Société des calculs

Dernier aspect. Nous sommes en train d’entrer dans une société des calculs. On assiste à un changement assez radical. La majeure partie des activités sont calculées. Pas comme quelqu’un qui t’a calculé, non, quelqu’un qui fait des calculs sur l’ensemble de ton activité. Il y a un excellent petit livre de Dominique Cardon qui s’appelle À quoi rêvent les algorithmes ? qui essaye de montrer ce basculement très important de qu’est-ce qu’on peut calculer, en fait, sur une personne ? On dit qu’on fait des algorithmes qui calculent, mais qu’est-ce qu’on calcule ? Et on ne calcule pas toujours la même chose. On peut calculer la popularité : combien de personnes ont liké votre post sur Facebook ? Combien de personnes sont venues voir tel et tel site ? Voilà.

Ça, ça a une conséquence, c’est que si la popularité est importante, on va faire des clicbaits. Clicbaits, ce sont des pages entières qui ne disent pas grand-chose mais qui ont un titre qui donne envie d’aller cliquer dessus. C’est tout ce que fait BuzzFeed, le nom m’échappe, Konbini et tout ça. Et là aussi, prendre du recul face à ce type de sites c’est comprendre qu’en fait ce sont des attrape-mouches : c’est du miel pour nous coincer à l’intérieur de leur bulle, mais ça n’est pas un système d’information, ni un système d’échange, ni un système de partage. Par contre c’est une certaine logique économique qui a des effets importants, on y reviendra tout à l’heure, en termes politiques.

Une des choses qu’on peut calculer, c’est l’autorité. Auteur et autorité, vous remarquez que c’est la même racine. Qu’est-ce qui fait qu’une œuvre peut avoir de l’autorité même si elle a moins de popularité ? C’est parce que, en fait, les gens qui savent vont s’y référer. Un des éléments de classement, un parce qu’il y en plusieurs, un des éléments de classement des résultats par Google, c’est de faire monter en tête les articles, les pages, les vidéos dont d’autres personnes, qui ont pris soin, pas n’importe qui qui est venu voir, pas seulement des spectateurs, mais des gens qui ont pris le soin de faire eux-mêmes une page de blog, une page Facebook, etc., auront pointé vers ces documents-là. Ça veut dire que plus il y a de gens qui pointent vers un document, non pas de gens qui vont voir — popularité —, mais des gens qui se donnent le temps d’écrire quelque chose et de pointer vers un document, ce document va avoir, lui, de l’autorité.

Il y a la réputation. Ah la réputation ! Je suis sûr qu’on vous en a parlé au lycée. On vous a dit que si vous mettez une photo de vous en train de faire la fête, vous ne trouverez jamais de travail ! Ce à quoi d’autres répondent en disant : « Je suis employeur, je regarde votre Facebook ! Vous ne faites jamais la fête ! Moi je ne veux pas de vous ! » On ne sait pas ! La notion même de réputation change avec le temps. Moi, quand j’étais jeune on disait que les jeunes filles qui avaient une mini-jupe avaient une mauvaise réputation et que les garçons qui avaient les cheveux longs, comme moi, avaient une mauvaise réputation. La preuve on a toujours continué et puis on s’est arrangé.

Donc il y a cet aspect de quel est le type de réputation qu’on peut avoir à l’intérieur d’un réseau numérique ? Et derrière, cette réputation on ne l’a pas ; on se la fabrique. Donc comment vous allez jouer dans ce spectacle qu’est le monde numérique pour obtenir votre réputation ? Et pas seulement la subir, l’obtenir ! Parce que malheureusement il y a les cas où on subit sa mauvaise réputation ; c’est ce qu’on appelle le harcèlement ou le cyberharcèlement. D’accord ? Donc il faut éviter d’arriver de se retrouver en situation de subir sa réputation mais de la créer soi-même. Ça, ça implique des fois d’aller fouiller un peu sur comment c’est calculé cette réputation. Qu’est-ce qui fait qu’on vous propose dans la liste des amis que vous pourriez peut-être avoir sur Facebook ou sur Twitter. On vous propose. Ah, si on vous propose c’est bien que vous aviez défini un certain espace qui peut matcher. Pire encore, les sites de rencontre. Pourquoi on vous propose ? Qu’est-ce qui fait que ça a des chances de matcher ? Quel est l’algorithme et comment fonctionne-t-il ? C’est devenu une question indispensable pour être autonome dans la société numérique.

Mégadonnées

Enfin, le dernier aspect de la société des calculs c’est de prédire en fonction de traces : ce que vous avez fait m’incite à penser que vous allez faire telle chose demain. C’est ce qu’on appelle les mégadonnées, big data. Alors le terme officiel français c’est mégadonnées, moi je le trouve très beau mais visiblement c’est big data qui a gagné sur le marché. Voilà ! Le marché de la langue c’est comme le reste.

C’est quoi les big data. Je trouve que l’exemple qui est là est très bien, c’est vous avez quelqu’un qui fait du vélo et qui donc achète des pizzas et puis des salades. Et il y a quelqu’un qui fait de la course à pied à côté et lui il achète des pizzas, des salades, mais aussi une certaine boisson soft drink, et donc d’un seul coup on s’aperçoit que celui qui fait du vélo ne l’a pas dans son panier, alors on va lui recommander. On a un algorithme de recommandation. Voilà comment marchent la plupart des choses issues des mégadonnées. On regarde une catégorie de gens, on essaye de définir quels sont les critères qui les définissent. On dit « eh bien si ces deux catégories de gens sont proches, alors ce qui est acheté par la catégorie-ci a des chances d’intéresser », donc on va le recommander à d’autres. Donc on a là une espèce d’homogénéisation des gens à partir de pratiques individuelles.

Les tenants des mégadonnées oublient qu’en fait il y a des phénomènes de groupe. Parce qu’on ne sait pas calculer, on ne sait pas organiser le calcul des phénomènes de groupe. Les phénomènes de groupe ça peut être les associations, les partis, les syndicats, les groupes de théâtre, enfin tous les phénomènes de groupe, les groupes scolaires, voilà ! Le prof on l’aime ou on ne l’aime pas et souvent ce n’est pas une question individuelle, c’est quelque chose qui se crée à l’intérieur du groupe des élèves et des étudiants.

Donc on a un problème philosophique, épistémologique important, c’est qu’on a tout un système de calculs qui a comme objectif de nous recommander, donc de nous influencer, alors même qu’il est basé sur des comportements individuels ; mais la réalité des humains c’est que ce sont des individus sociaux.

Donc on a là toute une contradiction qui n’est pas résolue en termes de la pensée du système, sauf pour ceux qui croient, selon le mot de Margaret Thatcher : « Thre is no such thing as a society  » : une société ça n’existe pas ; ce sont des individus qui se coordonnent et qui voient chacun leur intérêt personnel. Il y a effectivement une large partie des gens qui pensent ça. Je suis désolé, mais je ne suis pas cette logique-là.

Culture statistique

Juste pour terminer sur ces aspects des calculs, je crois que vous allez avoir ça en humanités numériques en tout cas, c’est le besoin d’avoir une culture statistique. C’est quoi tous ces chiffres qu’on nous balance ? Ces pourcentages sans nous dire le pourcentage de quoi ? Pourcentage sur combien de personnes ? Pourcentage sur quelle utilisation ? Etc. C’est quoi tous ces graphiques qu’on nous montre pour nous en mettre plein la vue alors que, en réalité, ils ne démontrent pas grand-chose parce qu’il manque la marge d’erreur ? Vous voyez ? Il y a toute une culture statistique qu’il est absolument nécessaire d’acquérir pour garder ce regard critique qui nous permet d’être autonomes dans la société.

Google Fashion Trends

Juste un exemple : Google Fashion Trends. Comment, à partir de l’analyse par des data scientists des requêtes qui sont faites sur Google, on a pu s’apercevoir que ça allait être vraiment trendy en 2015 les robes de tulle ?

Robes de tulle

Je ne sais pas si vous vous rappelez, en 2015 vous avez porté certainement des robes comme ça, il y en avait plein, particulièrement aux États-Unis. Et on voit sur les cartes là, en 2013 très peu en rouge, très peu de gens qui posent des requêtes là-dessus, jusqu’à ce que ça devienne, en 2015, absolument une requête standard : où est-ce que je peux acheter mes robes de tulle ? Celui qui, à partir d’avril ou mai 2014, a compris qu’il y avait un développement de ça, va être prêt en décembre ou en janvier 2015. Donc il va fabriquer la mode que les gens vont attendre : les traces permettent de prédire le futur. Donc on a cette logique-là.

Vous avez peut-être entendu récemment — puisque tout ce que je vous raconte il y a des trucs d’actualité, mais d’actualité dans les quinze derniers jours qui se réfèrent à ça — vous avez vu qu’on dit que Disney va choisir les histoires qu’il va mettre en film avec une intelligence artificielle. « Intelligence artificielle » ça veut dire un système de calculs qui va essayer, à partir d’indices, de dire « eh bien ça, ça va marcher ». Voilà.

Petite pause. Respirez. Ça va ? Je ne vais pas trop vite ? J’essaye de balayer donc je suis forcé d’aller un peu plus vite. Vous avez des conférences comme ça toutes les semaines, donc ça va vous permettre de revenir sur chacun des thèmes que j’aborde avec, des fois, un angle différent, etc.

Confiance

Là je voudrais vous parler de la confiance. Le monde numérique est un monde auquel il faut absolument faire confiance. On n’a pas le choix et ça c’est grave, parce que la confiance ça se donne et là on s’impose d’avoir confiance.

Tous les matins mon ordinateur me dit : « Il y a des mises à jour ». Oui ! Est-ce que j’ai le choix de ne pas les faire ? Pas vraiment, donc je fais la mise à jour ; je fais confiance à mon ordinateur. Oui ! Sauf que vous entendez parler aussi qu’il y a des pirates, des hackeurs, des cyberguerres, des gens qui peuvent s’immiscer à l’intérieur des réseaux, se faire passer pour quelqu’un de confiance, c’est ce qu’on appelle le phishing, le hameçonnage. Vous recevez sans arrêt des mails disant « votre carte bleue est bloquée, il faut, pour la débloquer, que vous vous connectiez, que vous donniez votre mot de passe, votre code, etc. » Donc c’est un véritable problème d’avoir une société basée sur la confiance dont la réalité est que des gens peuvent détourner cette confiance. On y reviendra tout à l’heure sur la question des fausses nouvelles, des fake news, etc.

Est-ce qu’on a le contrôle sur ses appareils ou est-ce qu’on a juste la capacité à faire confiance ? Est-ce que les gens ont pu aller vérifier ? Est-ce que d’autres gens, pas forcément vous, ont pu aller vérifier que la nouvelle version du logiciel va réellement nous apporter des améliorations ? Qu’elle ne comporte pas des bugs ou des trous de sécurité plus importants que l’ancienne version ? On n’a pas le temps ! Il faut mettre à jour, il faut faire confiance !

Économie collaborative

La confiance c’est aussi la confiance entre les personnes. Et là, il y a un nouveau secteur qui s’est développé, qu’on a appelé l’économie collaborative, qui vise, en fait, à construire cette confiance.

Vous utilisez BlaBlaCar régulièrement j’imagine. Bon, eh bien il y a la confiance ; il y a la confiance de celui qui va être passager envers celui qui va conduire la voiture. Et puis il y a la confiance de celui qui conduit la voiture vers le fait que le passager ne va pas l’agresser, qu'il va le payer à la fin, etc. La plateforme elle-même sert là pour construire la confiance.

Drivy. Quand je prête ma voiture, eh bien en fait c’est la plateforme qui l’assure ; donc elle prend un pourcentage au passage et elle construit une économie pour mettre en place de la confiance. Ce qui explique par exemple que la MAIF, un assureur, a décidé de s’engager avec l’économie collaborative pour dire « eh bien voilà c’est assuré ces histoires-là » ; il y a de la confiance qui se construit.

Oui. C’est la bonne idée de l’économie collaborative.

Et après vous voyez bien que ça peut créer Airbnb qui provoque une augmentation des loyers insupportable puisque c’est plus intéressant de louer à la semaine que de louer à l’année. Donc les propriétaires vont se retourner vers des locations à la semaine qui vont expulser les gens des centres-ville.
C’est Uber pour lequel on voit bien que la confiance est assez limitée : les agressions de passagers Uber par des chauffeurs Uber sont non négligeables ; le suivi des trajets parfois nominatifs est non négligeable. Uber s’est vanté d’être capable de savoir pour quelques célébrités où est-ce qu’elles avaient passé la nuit.

Vous voyez ? Donc il y a tout un échange où la confiance peut être trahie à partir du moment où la plateforme qui construit la confiance pense d’abord à construire le portefeuille de ses actionnaires.

Commerce électronique

Le commerce c’est de la confiance ; la base du commerce c’est la confiance. C’est-à-dire il faut que je fasse confiance que l’objet qu’on me vend rend bien le service auquel je peux prétendre ; qu’il est vendu à un prix qui correspond à la moyenne des prix du marché ; que je vais bien être livré quand je fais une commande électronique, etc. Donc le commerce c’est la construction de la confiance.

Or aujourd’hui, on voit en fait se mettre en place toute une série de places de marché de commerce.

Un marchand comme Amazon n’est pas seulement là pour vendre des livres, mais il organise une place de marché dans laquelle chacun peut revendre ses livres d’occasion. La plupart des systèmes de commerce électronique font ça.

Et la dernière nouveauté c’est que le commerce électronique est en train de s’étendre, en fait, au-delà de ce qui était, disons, facile à faire : le livre pour Amazon, le livre c’est là qu’il y a le plus grand nombre de titres, cette fameuse longue traîne dont j’ai parlé au début, donc c’est pour un domaine donné ; en France il y a 300 à 400 000 livres disponibles et il y a 25 000 médicaments ; vous voyez, on est facteur 10, donc c’est non négligeable. Les livres c’était pratique parce que sur Amazon on pouvait avoir, puisque c’est électronique, les 30 000 livres de décrits et on pouvait acheter même s’il s’en vendait très peu.

Aujourd’hui, basé sur cette position de force, Amazon est en train de s’étendre. Il vient de racheter un Whhole Foods qui est un supermarché bio aux États-Unis – c’est l’équivalent de Bio c’ Bon en France –, gros supermarché pour livrer des légumes, commander des légumes et faire des livraisons rapides.

En face, Google vient de faire un accord avec Wallmart. Wallmart c’est, disons, Carrefour puissance deux. C’est plus gros que Carrefour à l’échelle du monde.

Donc la fusion : des entreprises qui font du commerce physique et puis des entreprises qui font des plateformes qui organisent la vente et la confiance en ligne sont en train de fusionner. Donc là vous voyez à nouveau que l’ensemble de nos activités – le commerce ça fait partie des choses qu’on fait quand même régulièrement – va devenir complètement imprégné de culture numérique.

Ça ne serait pas très grave s’il s’agissait de services, c’est-à-dire si les plateformes numériques étaient là pour nous rendre des services. Or, ce qui se passe, c’est qu’elles se servent des services qu’elles rendent pour faire la fameuse recommandation de la boisson gazéifiée que vous avez vue tout à l’heure entre les deux sportifs. Donc faire de la recommandation c’est vouloir influencer les gens.

Industrie de l’influence

Et ce qui se passe avec le numérique c’est qu’on construit une industrie de l’influence. Le terme industrie ici est très important. L’influence c’est normal. Tout cela pour influencer votre voisin ou votre voisine. Pour être amoureux, il faut influencer l’autre ; pour l’ensemble de nos activités : pour être prof eh bien il faut influencer les élèves, voilà, ça fait partie de l’influence et c’est humain ! C’est indispensable à la cohésion des groupes humains ; on cherche à s’influencer réciproquement.

Industrie c’est autre chose : c’est qu’on va remplacer cette influence qui est propre aux humains et donc qui dépend de leur personnalité, de leur volonté, de leurs désirs — toutes choses qui sont propres à chaque individu isolément — par les calculs, par la volonté de pointer à quel endroit, cette personne, je peux essayer de lui faire acheter quelque chose que pour l’instant elle ne sait même qu’elle veut acheter ? Quelle est la manière dont je vais pouvoir avoir sur elle un poids et un pouvoir ? Qu’est-ce que je vais faire, en sorte qu’elle revienne demain réutiliser le même site en permanence ? C’est ça l’industrie. Et ça, c’est tout le système de calcul des traces, d’où l’importance de la question de la vie privée, du fait que derrière on est tout le temps suivi.

Temps de cerveau disponible

Voix off : Le président de TF1 livrait sa conception du métier. Voici l’extrait de la polémique : « À la base le métier de TF1 c’est d’aider Coca-Cola, par exemple, à vendre son produit. Pour qu’un message publicitaire soit perçu il faut que le cerveau du téléspectateur soit disponible. Nos émissions ont pour vocation de le rendre disponible, c’est-à-dire de le divertir, de le détendre, pour le préparer entre deux messages. Ce que nous vendons à Coca-Cola c’est du temps de cerveau humain disponible. » Maladroit diront certains. Non, Patrick Le Lay a bien relu et validé cet entretien avant la parution du livre [Les dirigeants face au changement].

Hervé Le Crosnier : C’est rare qu’un patron de média affirme aussi clairement qu’il est un des relais de l’industrie de l’influence. Que son métier c’est de faire en sorte que son spectateur… Et ce qui est vrai pour TF1 est vrai pour tous les médias, y compris les blogs, y compris Facebook ; tous les médias sont concernés par cette logique-là qui est : c’est un tiers qui paye. Donc il va falloir qu’il vous donne – vous ne payez pas, ça c’est intéressant, vous ne payez pas – par contre il y a bien quelqu’un qui paye et c’est un tiers. Donc c’est lui le vrai client.

Vous savez que dans toute économie ce qu’il faut c’est satisfaire le client ; pas satisfaire le tiers qui ne paye pas, satisfaire le client, donc lui proposer des gens, du temps de cerveau disponible ; pas du temps idiot parce que la phrase est rapide, mais TF1 fait un très bon travail pour arriver à avoir ce temps de cerveau disponible pour un certain type d’annonceurs ; les annonceurs de TF1 ne sont pas tout à fait les mêmes que ceux du Monde, je ne sais pas pourquoi ! C'est parce que le cerveau rendu disponible n’est pas tout à fait le même non plus. Donc pour avoir ce temps de cerveau disponible il faut aussi que le média produise des choses de qualité ou, du moins, de la qualité adaptée au type de lectorat, d’auditeur, etc., qu’il vise. Donc c’est un vrai travail et nous, nous tous, ce qui nous intéresse, c’est la qualité. On oublie que cette qualité est faite en sorte pour que nous soyons là au moment de la pub. Et c’est ça qu’il faut absolument garder comme regard critique parce que ce qui change avec le numérique, c’est que les programmes de médias sont diffusés – ça vous plaît, ça ne vous plaît pas, vous zappez, vous allez sur la Cinq ou sur TF1 ce ne sont pas les mêmes donc voilà. Sur Internet c’est vous, vous comme personne unique.

Les torches de la liberté

Or cette idée que, comment dire, on va pouvoir vous influencer, on va pouvoir créer de nouveaux modes de vie, c’est la raison d’être de ce qu’on appelle les public relations. Là vous avez Edward Bernays qui est un des fondateurs de la notion de public relations et qu’est-ce qu’il a fait ? Il a inventé un truc qui s’appelle « Les torches de la liberté ». Ça c’est vraiment quelque chose d’extraordinaire. On est là en, je ne sais plus, 1924-25, j’ai oublié la date, et le jour de la Saint-Patrick, dans les rues de New-York, c’est la petite vidéo qu’il y a en bas, il fait défiler un groupe de jeunes femmes avec des fume-cigarettes, qu'elles vont allumer devant la presse qu’il avait convoquée. Toutes les méthodes sont là : il avait convoqué la presse, un groupe de femmes mannequins ou célébrités qui vont allumer une cigarette en disant : « La cigarette c’est la liberté ! » À l’époque les femmes ne fument pas ! D’un seul coup, du jour au lendemain, avec le buzz que ça a fait, le marché potentiel des cigarettiers a doublé. Au nom de la liberté ! Si vous regardez aujourd’hui les magasins qui vous vendent des cigarettes électroniques c’est « e-liberté », « liberté-clop », enfin c’est toujours ce même message que la consommation nouvelle va être de l’ordre de la liberté en oubliant de dire que c’est au service de… En l’occurrence, là c’était au service des marchands de tabac, avec toutes les conséquences dramatiques, 50 ans après qu’on peut avoir au niveau de la santé publique. Ils s’en moquent ! Ils s’en moquent pourquoi ? Parce que « ne mesurez pas l’opinion, faites-là ! » C’est le message de base des gens du marketing.

Opinion

Faire l’opinion c’est être capable de façonner, en fait, la pensée des individus. Donc même des choses aussi régressives que d’utiliser des cigarettes au quotidien va devenir non plus quelque chose qu’on fait machinalement parce qu’on est accro, c’est une liberté, ce sont « Les torches de la liberté ». Et les effets secondaires sur la société sont complètement négligés par les gens qui pratiquent l’influence.

Et l’Internet ?

Qu’est-ce qui se passe avec Internet ? J’aime beaucoup cette citation de, comment il s’appelle, Edwin Artz, c’était le responsable de la publicité chez Procter & Gamble ; Procter & Gamble c’est le plus gros groupe de chimie, ce sont des lessives, ce sont des choses comme ça, ce sont aussi des couches Pampers, enfin vous imaginez ! c’est un truc énorme de toute la chimie qui s’adresse aux individus, qu’on trouve dans les supermarchés. Et il dit : « Eh bien voilà, avec Internet — on est en 93, c’est visionnaire ce qu’il fait — avec Internet les gens resteront devant le poste au moment de la coupure publicitaire, parce que la publicité s’adressera à eux précisément. Si vous venez d’avoir un enfant et ça on le saura parce que ça laisse des traces, alors on va vous proposer des couches Pampers, bien évidemment, au moment de la publicité. »

Donc cette idée que l’individu va devenir soumis à une pression permanente mais qu’il va aimer ça, deuxième aspect important, il va aimer ça, il va aimer qu’on lui parle de choses qui lui plaisent à lui ; c’est le mot qu’utilisent aujourd’hui les grands opérateurs du système numérique c’est « je vais améliorer l’expérience utilisateur ; je vais vous donner la publicité que vous aimez. » Donc ça nous a donné ensuite la première publicité internet en 94, c’était marqué « cliquez ici ». Voilà m!

Je vais m’arrêter là pour faire une petite pause parce que je sens qu’il y a des yeux qui se ferment ; c’est le moment. On fait cinq minutes de pause et cinq minutes pour rentrer.


          Ajazz Tech 6: iVampire      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
On this episode: Microsoft Courier, Zuckerberg on Silicon Valley, iOS 5 & iPhone 4S battery issues, GarageBand for iPhone & iPod touch, and Dark Meadow.
          Here's how much you would have made investing $1,000 in Facebook, Amazon, Netflix and 19 other major companies back in the day      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

facebook ipo

  • Several big-name companies, like Facebook, AmazonWalmart, or Netflix, have seen their stock prices skyrocket in the years or decades since they went public.
  • We took a look at what a $1,000 investment in 22 household names would be worth today, using historical price data from Yahoo Finance.
  • A $1,000 investment in Walmart in 1980 would be worth over $1.6 million today.

Early investors in some of the biggest companies in the world, like Facebook, AmazonWalmart, or Netflix, have seen their fortunes greatly magnified over the years.

Business Insider took a look at historical split- and dividend-adjusted price data from Yahoo Finance for 22 corporations that have become household names, and found what a $1,000 investment made back in the day would be worth as of their closing prices on July 3, 2018.

For companies that held their initial public offering or came into being after 1980, we used their IPO date as the starting point, and for older companies, we assumed an investment in early 1980.

Here's how much you'd have made investing in those companies back in the day.

SEE ALSO: Here's how much the typical millennial, Gen X, and baby-boomer worker earns in every US state

A $1,000 investment in Facebook after its May 18, 2012 IPO would be worth over $5,000 as of July 3, 2018.



A $1,000 investment in Netflix after its May 23, 2002 IPO would be worth around $326,000 now.



A $1,000 investment in Apple after its December 12, 1980 IPO would be worth around $8 million today.



See the rest of the story at Business Insider
          Kylie Jenner is on the cusp of becoming the world's youngest self-made billionaire, with Forbes estimating her net worth to be 3 times as large as Kim Kardashian's      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Kylie Jenner Forbes

  • Kylie Jenner is on the cover of Forbes' "America's Women Billionaires" issue, with the magazine estimating the cosmetics entrepreneur is worth $900 million. 
  • Forbes reports that Jenner is now the 27th richest self-made woman in the United States, beating out the rest of her famous family (her older sister Kim Kardashian is worth an estimated $350 million). 
  • According to Forbes, Jenner is on the cusp of becoming the youngest self-made billionaire in the world, a title Mark Zuckerberg earned at 23 years old. 

 

Kylie Jenner may be the youngest sibling of the Kardashian-Jenner clan, but she is also the family member bringing in the most cash. 

Jenner — the cover girl of Forbes' August 2018 "America's Women Billionaires" issue, released online on Tuesday — is worth roughly $900 million, according to the magazine.

According to Forbes' calculations, that makes her not only the Jenner-Kardashian with the highest net worth, but also the 27th richest self-made woman in the United States. For comparison, Forbes estimates that Jenner's older sister Kim Kardashian is worth roughly $350 million. 

Kylie Jenner Style Evolution_23

The 20-year-old's net worth has skyrocketed beyond that of her siblings thanks to the success of Kylie Cosmetics. Forbes conservatively values the company at $800 million, with an estimated $330 million in sales in 2017. Jenner is both the face of the company and the sole owner. 

Forbes' Natalie Robehmed details how Kylie Cosmetics has found success both by harnessing Jenner's immense social media following and slashing costs by outsourcing labor. There are only five full-time employees, with Jenner's mother, Kris, handling finances and PR in exchange for a 10% management cut. 

Kylie Cosmetics is currently dealing with slowing growth. Forbes reports that revenue grew just 7% in 2017, with lip-kit revenue dropping an estimated 35%. 

However, it would take more than a slow year of sales to stop Jenner from reaching billionaire status and making history. 

"Another year of growth will make her the youngest self-made billionaire ever, male or female, trumping Mark Zuckerberg, who became a billionaire at age 23," Robehmed reports. 

SEE ALSO: I visited Whataburger, a Texas chain with a cult following, for the first time. Here's what it's like.

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Why Rolex watches are so expensive


          Kara dla Facebooka za udostępnienie danych internautów. "Drastycznie zaniedbano ochrony"      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Brytyjski urząd zajmujący się bezpieczeństwem danych nałożył na Facebooka karę za udostępnienie danych użytkowników firmie Cambridge Analytica. Firma Marka Zuckerberga będzie musiała zapłacić pół miliona funtów.
          Facebook given maximum fine by UK watchdog over Cambridge Analytica fiasco      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
TwitterFacebook

Facebook is to receive the heaviest fine possible from the UK's data watchdog after it breached the Data Protection Act twice.

The maximum fine the Information Commissioner Office (ICO) is able to impose is £500,000 — a figure that's pretty minimal compared to Facebook's net worth of £445bn. 

SEE ALSO: Facebook desperately tries to convince us that it's good for the world

"The ICO’s investigation concluded that Facebook contravened the law by failing to safeguard people’s information," reads a statement. "It also found that the company failed to be transparent about how people’s data was harvested by others." Read more...

More about Facebook, Uk, Cambridge Analytica, Tech, and Big Tech Companies

          Der sprachlose Mark Zuckerberg      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Einige Zeit ist ins Land gegangen und gefühlt hat Mark Zuckerberg nebst Facebook den kleinen Datenskandal um Cambridge Analytica einigermaßen schadlos überstanden. Hier und da eine Anhörung, die eine oder andere Schnittstelle wurde beschnitten und grundsätzlich ist man schlichtweg zu Kreuze gekrochen und hat sich als das naiv unschuldige Opfer dargestellt, dass man auch früher …
          Questions are being raised about Facebook's decision to give a Russian internet company temporary special access to its user data (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Mark Zuckerberg and Yuri MilnerSteve Jennings/Getty Images for Breakthrough Prize

  • Facebook acknowledged that it gave Mail.Ru special access to user data after 2015, when it officially ended the system that allowed third-party apps to access user data.
  • Mail.Ru was among dozens of companies that were granted special temporary access to Facebook user data.
  • Mail.Ru has ties to the Kremlin, according to news reports.


Facebook is facing fresh scrutiny over its data-sharing practices following the publication of reports highlighting how a Russian internet giant with ties to the Russian government gained access to user data. 

On Tuesday, CNN and Wired published reports exploring how Mail.Ru built apps that were able to access Facebook user data after the social network locked down its platform in 2015. Facebook recently disclosed in written testimony to US Congress that Mail.Ru had built apps that integrated with its platform — and that it was one of a select group of app makers that was given an extension beyond the formal 2015 cut-off date.

According to CNN and Wired, Mail.Ru was granted an extra two weeks of access to this user data. Facebook did not immediately respond to Business Insider's request for comment.

Mail.Ru's parent company was founded by Alisher Usmanov, a Russian businessman with links to the Kremlin. As such, Mail.Ru's activity on the platform has raised some eyebrows, and prompted calls for more information: The Russian government infamously used Facebook to sow disinformation and propaganda during the 2016 US presidential election.

What's more, a former Mail.Ru CEO and Chairman, Yuri Milner, invested $200 million for a 2% stake Facebook in 2009 through his firm Digital Sky Technologies, and another few hundred million dollars in the following years. Milner, who stepped down as Mail.Ru Chairman in 2012, has since sold its stake in Facebook, CNN reported.

In a statement given to CNN, Democratic senator Mark Warner called for more information: "In the last 6 months we've learned that Facebook had few controls in place to control the collection and use of user data by third parties.

"Now we learn that the largest technology company in Russia, whose executives boast close ties to Vladimir Putin, had potentially hundreds of apps integrated with Facebook, collecting user data. If this is accurate, we need to determine what user information was shared with mail.ru and what may have been done with the captured data."

NOW WATCH: This conveyor belt can move in any direction

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BI PRIME: A third of Facebook’s ad revenue growth now comes from Instagram — and it couldn't come at a better time


          A third of Facebook’s ad revenue growth now comes from Instagram — and it couldn't come at a better time (FB)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

mark zuckerberg facebook

  • Morgan Stanley analysts think Wall Street is still underestimating how much Facebook can grow.
  • In a research note, analysts at the investment bank set the stock a new price target of $215.
  • It's an abrupt turnaround from just a few months ago, when Facebook's share price was getting pummeled in the aftermath of the Cambridge Analytica scandal. And it may be largely due to Instagram.

 

Facebook's reputation has been battered by the Cambridge Analytica scandal, but Facebook's business is humming. One big reason: Instagram. 

The photo-sharing app is turning into an increasingly important money-maker for Facebook.

According to the estimates of  Morgan Stanley analyst Brian Nowak, Instagram will account for 36% of Facebook total ad revenue growth in the second quarter. In a research note published on Tuesday, Nowak reckons that ads on Instagram will bring in $3.8 billion in revenue in Q2, and as much as $4.5 billion in Q4. 

That's especially important as Facebook's flagship social media service continues to experience a slowdown in the growth of its "ad load" — the number of ads that Facebook inserts into the newsfeed. 

The ad load slowdown within Facebook is very deliberate; the company is wary of turning consumers off by barraging them with too many ads. Luckily, Facebook has Instagram and its relatively un-monetized fields of content to pick up the slack. 

 

instagram revenueMorgan Stanley

And whatever reputational damage Facebook's brand may be suffering, Instagram is more popular than ever with consumers.  The service recently crossed the 1 billion user milestone, and Morgan Stanley notes that the app's active user growth "inflected" in Q2, as Instagram added 750,000 users per day. 

The upshot: The investment bank is pegging its price target for Facebook's stock, which is currently floating around $203, at $215 — and suggests in a best-case scenario it could go as high as $245.

"We believe the Street is still underestimating FB's ability to grow even as ad load slows," Nowak writes. 

Facebook doesn't (yet) break out financial results for Instagram, so it's tough to know precisely how big of a contributor it is. But we'll get a sense about how it's doing by assessing the results of Facebook's overall business when it reports its Q2 earnings on July 25. 

NOW WATCH: What people get wrong about superfoods

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SEE ALSO: The App Store has made Apple at least $40 billion in revenue since it was created 10 years ago today


          Millionaires, billionaires, and tech titans are swarming to Sun Valley, Idaho — here's a look at who's attending Allen & Co.'s annual mogul fest      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Dara Khosrowshahi Sun Valley

It's that time of year again: the annual Allen & Company Sun Valley Conference, otherwise known as "summer camp for billionaires."

The conference, which happens every July, attracts investors, moguls, and titans from industries ranging from tech to entertainment to sports.

It's an opportunity for industry power players to talk business, make deals — the conference is credited with kindling major mergers like Comcast and NBC Universal — and unwind in a beautiful mountain lodge

This year, plenty of familiar faces are expected to descend on Sun Valley, including Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, Apple CEO Tim Cook, and Netflix CEO Reed Hastings. 

Here's a look at who's been spotted arriving so far.

SEE ALSO: The number of tech moguls chartering private jets to Sun Valley next week has become 'chaotic'

PayPal CEO Dan Schulman, left, chats with Jonathan Nelson, founder of Providence Equity Partners.



YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki is already decked out in a Sun Valley 2018 hat.



Michael Ovitz, co-founder of the Creative Artists Agency.



See the rest of the story at Business Insider

          HOW TO: Sideloading Android apps to your Oculus Go      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
We might have now within our midst the true blue standalone virtual reality (VR) headset for the masses. We are referring to the Oculus Go, which was launched at the Facebook F8 Conference a couple of months back. Mark Zuckerberg calls it “the easiest way to access VR”, and he might be right. The Oculus […]
          House Lawmakers Probe Google And Apple Over Data Privacy Following Gmail Debacle      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
House Lawmakers Probe Google And Apple Over Data Privacy Following Gmail Debacle Data security and user privacy are hot topics following the high profile Cambridge Analytica scandal that resulted in Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testifying before Congress. However, Facebook is not the only major company facing scrutiny by our elected officials. Apple and Google have both received letters from members of the US House of

          Facebook given maximum fine by UK watchdog over Cambridge Analytica fiasco      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
TwitterFacebook

Facebook is to receive the heaviest fine possible from the UK's data watchdog after it breached the Data Protection Act twice.

The maximum fine the Information Commissioner Office (ICO) is able to impose is £500,000 — a figure that's pretty minimal compared to Facebook's net worth of £445bn. 

SEE ALSO: Facebook desperately tries to convince us that it's good for the world

"The ICO’s investigation concluded that Facebook contravened the law by failing to safeguard people’s information," reads a statement. "It also found that the company failed to be transparent about how people’s data was harvested by others." Read more...

More about Facebook, Uk, Cambridge Analytica, Tech, and Big Tech Companies

          Mark Zuckerberg se torna a terceira pessoa mais rica do mundo      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

O CEO do Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, se tornou a terceira pessoa mais rica do mundo, de acordo com a Bloomberg Billionaires Index. O patrimônio do empresário está estimado em US$ 81,6 bilhões. No topo do ranking está Jeff Bezo, fundador da Amazon, seguido de Bill Gates, cofundador da Microsoft, com fortunas de US$ 141 bilhões... Ver artigo

O post Mark Zuckerberg se torna a terceira pessoa mais rica do mundo apareceu primeiro em ID.


          Facing up to the damage wrought by Facebook      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The reason that Facebook is so evil is that Mark Zuckerberg is so good. According to Siva Vaidhyanathan, a professor of media studies at the University of Virginia, the former wunderkind has drunk deeply of his own Kool-Aid and genuinely believes that his creation is a benevolent force in the world. “Zuckerberg has a vibrant moral …

Continue reading Facing up to the damage wrought by Facebook


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Nano tecnología Israelí lleva agua agro-potable a Africa.

Créditos de las imagenes: CCO.
Sorprendente nano tecnología Israelí permitirán a países en África y Medio Oriente, mejorar la situación de agua potable y la agricultura.
Muchas naciones encuentran las instalaciones de desalinización demasiado costosas de instalar, pero un descubrimiento de Israel puede significar una forma más económica.
Para esto se esta utilizando la energía solar.
En un mundo donde los recursos de agua dulce se están volviendo cada vez más limitados, Israel un país que es de dos tercios árido se ha convertido en líder en el desarrollo de tecnologías de desalinización.
Sin embargo, naciones menos desarrolladas encuentran que la instalación de plantas de desalinización es muy costosa. Esto se debe a que utilizan enormes cantidades de electricidad.
Gracias a un descubrimiento israelí reciente, el sistema puede llegar a ser mucho más asequibles en zonas como África y Medio Oriente.
Investigadores del Instituto Zuckerberg (nada que ver con Facebook) de Investigación del Agua en la Universidad Ben Gurion del Negev junto con Arava I + D, han encontrado una manera de utilizar la energía solar.
El resultado seria una fracción del costo en el b diseño del proceso de desalinización.
La innovación utiliza paneles de energía solar para alimentar las bombas de una unidad de desalinización que genera agua potable para los cultivos.
Más importante aún, la tecnología utiliza membranas de nano filtración únicas que permiten a los agricultores decidir cuales de los minerales deben ser conservadas en el agua.
Esto permite seleccionar cuales usar para alimentar diferentes tipos de cultivos.
El nuevo sistema está siendo probado en el valle de Arava, al sur del Mar Muerto, donde la cuenca es muy seca.
Los resultados hasta la fecha muestran que los agricultores pueden utilizar hasta un 25% menos de agua y fertilizante que lo que usualmente necesitaban en esa región.
Según el Instituto Zuckerberg, uno de los creadores del sistema, el entorno actual está obligando a los sistemas agrícolas a ser más económicos.
“La creciente demanda mundial de alimentos y la competencia por los recursos entre los sectores de la economía obligan a los futuros sistemas agrícolas a ser más eficientes en el uso de los recursos naturales como la tierra y el agua”.
“El gran avance aquí para hacer el sistema más económico, es esta nano filtración inteligente.
Nuestro sistema es compatible con electricidad, pero se basa en la premisa de que puede utilizarse en países pobres. En esos lugares en los que no tienen una fuente de electricidad.”

 


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Residents of California city once known as 'America's foreclosure capital' are set to get monthly $500 stipend, with NO strings attached, in bid to boost local economy

Note:  Only 100 people.  There have been lots of trials of this idea over the years but it has always proved too costly

Stockton, California will become the first city in the country to participate in a test of Universal Basic Income, in which 100 residents will be given $500-dollars-a-month, with no strings attached.

The program aims to create a level of income that no one will fall beneath.

By providing impoverished residents a regular sum of money that they can use on anything they wish, be it food, clothes, gas, or [drugs] starting a new venture, those behind the program believe it could go a long way to give people enough support to try out new ideas.

The program in Stockton, which was once known as America's foreclosure capital, will see the program launched by 2019, and the payments will continue to the individuals chosen for the program for a full 18-months.

The Stockton UBI program has heavy backing from one of the wealthiest areas of the country- Silicon Valley, according to CNN Money.

The idea is, in part, to off-set the economic distress the growing automation industry is expected to cause to American laborers, as well as a way to potentially reduce poverty.

One of the backers for the Stockton UBI program is Facebook's co-founder Chris Hughes, whose organization, the Economic Security Project, contributed $1 million to the Stockton initiative.

'It is such a fundamental idea behind America that if you work hard, you can get ahead, and you certainly don't live in poverty. But that isn't true today, and it hasn't been true in the country for decades,' Hughes told CNN Money.

'I believe that unless we make significant changes today, the income inequality in our country will continue to grow and call into question the very nature of our social contract.'

One-in-four people in the city of more than 300,000 live in poverty, with the median  household income sitting at $49,271, compared to $57,617 nationally.

The city's inhabitants are also largely minorities with 70 per cent identifying themselves as such.

'Stockton is a city that looks a lot like the rest of America,' said Natalie Foster, co-founder and co-chair of the Economic Security Project.

Several heavy hitters in Silicon Valley have touted the importance of exploring funded programs for those living in poverty, such as Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg.

'We should explore ideas like universal basic income to make sure that everyone has a cushion to try new ideas,' Zuckerberg said at a Harvard commencement address in May 2017.

'We have a bunch of folks starting off life already behind, born into communities that don't have a lot of opportunity,' said Stockton Mayor Michael Tubbs.

'My mom always used to say, 'You have to get out of  Stockton.' ... But I want Stockton to be a place people want to live in.'

And a real fear for cities like Stockton is the 'looming threat of automation and displacement,' as Tubbs puts it.

He says the companies that are building these technologies, like the ones in Silicon Valley, ultimately 'have a responsibility to make sure people aren't adversely impacted and also make their communities better places.'

'I've watched the tech community become very interested in Universal Basic Income for the past several years. I think it stems from one part guilt and one part optimism,' Foster said.

'These are folks who believe in the moonshot, believe in the big ideas, and that nothing is too big.'

Meanwhile existing cash transfer programs such as one in Alaska- where for the past 40-years residents receive varying annual cash payment from oil royalties- are being looked at as an example of the possibilities UBI could hold for under-served communities. 

'They use it to save for education, to get them through seasonal changes in their work, or to pay for heating during the winter when that gets much more expensive,' Foster said.

Similar UBI programs have been tested around the world by various organizations such as in Finland, Italy, Uganda, Cambodia and India.

For example in Finland, a monthly stipend of 560 euros was given to 2,000 unemployed people between the ages of 25 and 58. In Cambodia, $5 a month went to pregnant women and children.

SOURCE






'I believe Islam killed my daughter': A grieving mother tells how her daughter cut off all contact with family and friends to marry an older Muslim man who left her on a bathroom floor for FIVE DAYS to die

Siobhann Brown had not heard from her eldest daughter since she called five years earlier saying she was converting to Islam to get married and have her first child. Then two Victoria Police detectives arrived at her door.

Ashlee Brown, 25, had been found dead on her bathroom floor with more than 100 blunt and sharp force injuries covering most of her body.

The mother of three children under five had been bound, gagged and had her long strawberry blonde hair cut off. 

Ashlee's husband Mohamed Naddaf, 37, told police he had found his wife in that state in their garage about five days earlier but chose to 'care' for her in the bathroom rather than call Triple 0.

Ms Brown had to run out of her house in disbelief when she heard how her daughter died. She is now faced with Naddaf pleading guilty to manslaughter, without ever going to trial.

'Ashlee was a fun-loving girl,' Ms Brown told Daily Mail Australia. 'She was giving. She was loving. She loved the sun, the beach. She loved singing, dancing, having fun.'

Ashlee had been raised in country Victoria as a 'typical Aussie girl' and gradually grew restless as she hit her late teenage years.

She took increasingly regular trips to Melbourne, once returning to introduce her family to Mohamed Rannaf when she was was about 18. 'She introduced him as "Macca",' Ms Brown said. 'It was very brief.

'He seemed like a nice, very polite, young man. It pains me to say that. I didn't see him again after that.'

There was no communication for some time before a phone call came 'out of the blue' that would herald the end of all contact between Ms Brown and her daughter.

When Ashlee was about 20 she rang to say she was pregnant and wanted her mother's blessing to convert to Islam and marry Mohamed.

'She said to me, "Mum, I need your blessing to become Muslim". She said "I'm three months' pregnant and I'm engaged to Mohamed. I would really like to marry him, mum, and settle down and have a baby".

'I said to her, "Darling, I don’t know anything about the Muslim religion. As long as you know what you're doing. 'I said, "Do you have to wear one of those burqas or hijabs? I didn't know what they were called.

'She said, "No mum, only when I go into the mosque because it's disrespectful for a woman to show her face before God".

'I said to Ashlee, "As long as you're making a fully informed decision and it's what you really want".'

Ashlee said that it was.

'There was a pause after that,' Ms Brown said. 'She said. "Thank you, mum". And then her voice seemed to change and she said, "It's Islam". That didn't mean anything to me at the time.

'We said goodbye to each other and we hung up and I didn't hear from Ashlee again.'

Ms Brown said she was convinced the lack of subsequent contact with Ashlee was solely down to her religious conversion and Rannaf controlling his wife. 'I believe Islam killed my daughter,' the 46-year-old said.

'If I could have taken that phone call back I would have not have given her my blessing. I would have said "No, sorry love".

Police initially charged Naddaf with assault and false imprisonment, after paramedics found her dead in the couple's home at Craigieburn, in Melbourne's north, on November 6, 2016.

They later accused Naddaf of killing his wife, but then prosecutors agreed to let him plead guilty to manslaughter. 

SOURCE






Italy turns away ITALIAN ship from its ports because it had rescued migrants as anti-migrant minister condemns 'do-gooders'

Italy has turned away an Italian ship from its ports because it had rescued migrants - as the country's anti-migrant interior minister blasted 'do-gooders.'

A commercial ship that supplies oil platforms off the coast of Libya pulled 66 migrants to safety on Monday, but it was told not to bring them to Italy, an Interior Ministry source said.

Italy was sticking to a hardline policy on new arrivals as it presses European allies to share the burden of hosting an influx of displaced people.

Transport Minister Danilo Toninelli, who oversees the coast guard and the country's ports, said the migrants had been transferred to an Italian coast guard vessel on Tuesday after some of them threatened the lives of the Italian crew.

They will be brought to Italy, one source said, though the interior ministry source would not confirm.

The commercial ship picked up the migrants though it had been told Libyan patrol boats were coming to retrieve them, the interior ministry source said.

Meanwhile,  Italy's hard-line, anti-migrant interior minister Matteo Salvini challenged the 'do-gooders' who want to open Italy's ports to migrants to visit the San Ferdinando slum in Reggio Calabria.

He vowed to enforce only 'limited, controlled and qualified' immigration as he toured a crime-laden migrant shantytown in the southern Calabria region.

There, he heard of shameless farmers exploiting migrant workers and women being forced into prostitution to get by. Last month, a migrant was killed in San Ferdinando by his former boss.

'The Libyan ports are more than safe and as minister I can guarantee you that the good times are over for the traffickers,' Salvini added during a visit to a camp for migrant fruit and vegetable pickers in the southern region of Calabria.

Salvini has launched a crackdown on migration, closing Italy's ports to aid groups that rescue migrants and vowing to renegotiate the terms of European missions in the Mediterranean to prevent migrants from disembarking in Italy.

The move comes two days before a meeting of European interior ministers in the Austrian city of Innsbruck, where German Interior Minister Horst Seehofer wants his far-right Italian counterpart to agree to take back migrants who arrive at its borders from Italy.

'What is certain is that for Italy there is no plan to take back who has gone abroad. It's the last thing that could happen,' Salvini said in an interview with Il Messaggero newspaper.

'If the Germans and the Austrians are thinking only about sending migrants back to us, helping us close the external borders first would be a step forward,' he said.

Chancellor Angela Merkel's government teetered on the brink of collapse last week as Seehofer's Bavarian conservatives demanded a unilateral tightening of German border controls that she was prepared to concede only in the framework of a European agreement.

Italy's new government, which took office on June 1, has helped thrust immigration back on to the European agenda by closing its ports to humanitarian ships that rescue migrants off the coast of Libya, and it has so far refused to accept migrants sent back from the German border.

SOURCE






Thieves Find Riches in Golden State’s Prop 47

Many Californians had high hopes for Proposition 47, a ballot initiative passed in November 2014 with 60 percent voter approval. The measure reduced penalties for some crimes, including certain drug violations, and helped relieve overcrowding in state prisons.

But while Prop 47 succeeded in meeting those objectives, it also triggered a wave of “smash-and-grab” motor-vehicle burglaries and a surge of retail shopliftings. For this reason, Prop 47 has earned the dishonor of receiving Independent Institute’s fifth California Golden Fleece® Award, recognition given quarterly to state or local government programs or laws that swindle taxpayers or break the public trust.

By raising the monetary threshold for a felony theft to $950 in property value, up from $500 before the measure passed, Prop 47 lowered thieves’ expected cost of criminal violations. Thus, “Prop 47 de-prioritizes justice for California residents and businesses, who are now increasingly victims of vandals and thieves operating with near impunity,” writes Independent Institute Senior Fellow Lawrence J. McQuillan, in his new report, California Property Crime Surge Is Unintended Consequence of Proposition 47.

After delving into the damage caused by Prop 47, the report issues several recommendations. These include lowering the threshold for a felony to property valued at closer to the pre-Prop-47 amount of $500. Also, when sentencing a thief, courts should be allowed to consider the total combined value of all stolen property across multiple incidents. Law enforcement should make property crimes a higher priority, pursuing arrests even for small crimes, so that track records of criminal activity are established.

Ultimately, people will help by reporting more crimes when they gain more confidence that law enforcement is taking the problem more seriously. Residents and businesses should also invest more in security technology and use social media to monitor and discourage criminal activity. “Property crimes produce true victims, McQuillan writes. “Californians deserve a legal system that provides true justice.”

SOURCE

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Political correctness is most pervasive in universities and colleges but I rarely report the  incidents concerned here as I have a separate blog for educational matters.

American "liberals" often deny being Leftists and say that they are very different from the Communist rulers of  other countries.  The only real difference, however, is how much power they have.  In America, their power is limited by democracy.  To see what they WOULD be like with more power, look at where they ARE already  very powerful: in America's educational system -- particularly in the universities and colleges.  They show there the same respect for free-speech and political diversity that Stalin did:  None.  So look to the colleges to see  what the whole country would be like if "liberals" had their way.  It would be a dictatorship.

For more postings from me, see TONGUE-TIED, GREENIE WATCH,   EDUCATION WATCH INTERNATIONAL, AUSTRALIAN POLITICS and  DISSECTING LEFTISM.   My Home Pages are here or   here or   here.  Email me (John Ray) here.  Email me (John Ray) here

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          Skriver historie: Så grotesk rig er Kylie Jenner      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Den amerikanske realitystjerne kommer med stor sikkerhed til at skrive historie og slå Mark Zuckerberg som den yngste dollarmilliardær nogensinde


          Kauza Facebooku pořád neutichla, přístup k osobním datům měla ruská společnost napojená na Kreml      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Problémy Facebooku ohledně úniku soukromých informací neutichají. Po předstoupení Marka Zuckerberga před americký kongres poslal Facebook státní komisi dokument, ve kterém jsou firmy, jež měly přístup k osobním údajům uživatelů. V seznamu více než 50 subjektů je i ruská technologická firma napojená na Kreml.
          Kylie Jenner es la multimillonaria más joven del mundo y está a punto de desplazar a Mark Zuckerberg con su fortuna      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Según la revista Forbes, su marca está valuada en 900 millones de dólares. Es la integrante del clan Kardashian que más factura./n
          Kylie set to become the youngest self-made billionaire ever      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Kylie Jenner, the youngest daughter of the reality TV family in "Keeping up with the Kardashians," is set to become the youngest-ever self-made billionaire, even trumping Mark Zuckerberg's record, according to Forbes. The 20-year-old, who launched her own cosmetic line called Kylie Cosmetics less than three years ago, has already accumulated more than $900 million....
          To pierwsza, prawdopodobnie nie ostatnia, kara za aferę z Cambridge Analytica      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

facebook cambridge analyticaUżytkownicy może już nie pamiętają, ale politycy i rozmaite fundacje ciągle prowadzą śledztwa i walczą o prawa obywateli. Brytyjskie ICO nałożyło właśnie najwyższą możliwą karę dla Facebooka za aferę z Cambridge Analytica.

The post To pierwsza, prawdopodobnie nie ostatnia, kara za aferę z Cambridge Analytica appeared first on AntyWeb.


          Investors Want to Change Corporate Governance Rules for Tech Powerhouses      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Facebook wields more power and influence than many of the world’s governments. And yet every decision about running the company rests in the hands of one individual: chairman and CEO Mark Zuckerberg. And Facebook isn’t alone. Other tech companies, including Alphabet (Google’s parent) and Snap, have similar multiclass-stock structures that give their founders full control […]
          Le Royaume-Uni inflige la première amende à Facebook liée au scandale Cambridge Analytica, elle s'élève à 500 000 £      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Le Royaume-Uni inflige la première amende à Facebook liée au scandale Cambridge Analytica,
elle s'élève à 500 000 £

C'est le Royaume-Uni qui ouvre le bal des amendes à Facebook suite à l'affaire Cambridge Analytica. Pour rappel, le réseau social est sous le coup de plusieurs enquêtes concernant le détournement des données personnelles de quelque 87 millions d'utilisateurs par la société de marketing politique Cambridge Analytica et son PDG, Mark Zuckerberg, a été récemment auditionné par des parlementaires...
          Jeff Bezos já supera Bill Gates com US$ 50 bilhões a mais em fortuna      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Fundador da Amazon acumula patrimônio de US$ 144 bilhões, enquanto Gates detém US$ 95,3 bi. Mark Zuckerberg, do Facebook, aparece no quarto lugar
          Skandal um Datenhandel: Höchststrafe für Facebook      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Britische Datenschützer lassen Mark Zuckerberg nicht ungeschoren davon kommen. 500.000 Pfund soll er als Strafe für sein Geschäftsmodell zahlen. mehr...
          Facebook given maximum fine by UK watchdog over Cambridge Analytica fiasco      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
TwitterFacebook

Facebook is to receive the heaviest fine possible from the UK's data watchdog after it breached the Data Protection Act twice.

The maximum fine the Information Commissioner Office (ICO) is able to impose is £500,000 — a figure that's pretty minimal compared to Facebook's net worth of £445bn. 

SEE ALSO: Facebook desperately tries to convince us that it's good for the world

"The ICO’s investigation concluded that Facebook contravened the law by failing to safeguard people’s information," reads a statement. "It also found that the company failed to be transparent about how people’s data was harvested by others." Read more...

More about Facebook, Uk, Cambridge Analytica, Tech, and Big Tech Companies

          Kylie Jenner prijkt op cover van Forbes als 'jongste miljardair ooit'      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Kylie Jenner heeft op haar twintigste Mark Zuckerberg van zijn troon gestoten als jongste 'self-made' miljardair ooit. Ze prijkt dan ook in die hoedanigheid op de cover van het augustusnummer van zakenblad Forbes. De realityster haalde onder meer bakken geld binnen met haar make-uplijn.
          Kylie Jenner for Forbes - She Could Become the Youngest "Self-Made" Billionaire of All Time      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   


-Kylie Cosmetics launched two years ago and has sold more than $630 million worth of makeup since, including an estimated $330 million in 2017
-Forbes values her company at nearly $800 million, using a conservative estimate. Jenner owns 100% of it.
-Including her endorsement deals and TV money, she's conservatively worth $900 million, which makes her the youngest person on the annual ranking of America's Richest Self-Made Women. (Kim Kardashian West is worth $350 million.)
-Another year of growth will make her the youngest self-made billionaire ever, male or female, trumping Mark Zuckerberg, who became a billionaire at age 23

Source: 1


          Digitalisierung und Demokratie : "Hey, Mark Zuckerberg! Meine Demokratie ist nicht dein Labor"      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Algorithmen etablieren ihre ganz eigene Herrschaft der Weisen, und wir lassen sie gewähren. Dumm nur, dass wir nicht mehr erfahren, wer nun ein Weiser ist - und warum.


          How Kylie Jenner makes her millions and set herself up to be the world's youngest self-made billionaire      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Kylie Jenner Met Gala 2018Neilson Barnard/Getty Images


Kim Kardashian West, might be the most prominent of the Kardashian-Jenner clan, but Kylie Jenner is by far the richest.

According to the most recent issue of Forbes — which features the 20-year-old on the cover with the heading, "America's Women Billionaires" — Jenner's set to become the youngest self-made billionaire ever with a current net worth of $900 million. 

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This is almost three times the net worth of Kardashian West, who is the next-wealthiest of the family with a net worth of $350 million.

Jenner, who will turn 21 in August, has built up a cosmetics empire, starred alongside her family in "Keeping Up with the Kardashians" as well as in her own spin-off show "Life of Kylie," started a clothing line with her sister, and made millions promoting products on Instagram.

Here are all the ways Jenner makes her money.

Her cosmetics company, Kylie Cosmetics, sold more than $630 million worth of makeup in just two years.

Kylie Jenner/Instagram

Jenner owns 100% of Kylie Cosmetics and has personally made an estimated $60 million from the company after taxes, according to Forbes.

Much of Jenner's work on Kylie Cosmetics happens on social media. 

The manufacturing, packaging, and sales are all outsourced to private companies, and the Kardashian-Jenner matriarch and Kylie's mother, Kris Jenner, handles the financial and public relations aspects of the brand, Forbes reported.

That leaves Jenner to promote her products on Instagram and other platforms, which she does frequently.

"Social media is an amazing platform," Jenner, who has 110 million followers on Instagram, told Forbes. "I have such easy access to my fans and my customers."

Kylie Cosmetics is on track to be a billion-dollar company by 2022, according to Fortune.



She makes millions starring on "Keeping Up With The Kardashians."

E!

In October 2017, the Kardashian-Jenners scored a $150 million joint deal to renew their contract for "Keeping Up With The Kardashians," according to The Blast.

We don't know exactly how the millions are split up between the family, but Jenner's exact cut must be impressive nonetheless.

On top of that, Jenner started starring in her own spin-off show, "Life of Kylie," in 2017.



She has profitable endorsement deals with Puma and many other brands.

Star Max/IPx

Jenner has a lucrative endorsement deal with Puma, according to Forbes. She frequently endorses multiple other brands on Instagram, including Fashion Nova, Quay Australia eyewear, SugarBearHair vitamins — and the list goes on.

 




See the rest of the story at Business Insider

See Also:


          This striking chart shows how much bigger Kylie Jenner's net worth is than sister and fellow mogul Kim Kardashian West's      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

kylie jenner and kim kardashian

  • Forbes estimated that Kylie Jenner is worth $900 million, while her half-sister Kim Kardashian West is worth $350 million.
  • Jenner's makeup company alone is estimated to be worth $800 million.
  • Forbes said Jenner could become the youngest self-made billionaire ever in another year.
  • The chart below shows just how much more Jenner is worth than Kardashian West.

 

At just 20 years old, Kylie Jenner is worth over 2.5 times her half-sister Kim Kardashian West, who is 37.

Forbes estimated Jenner is worth $900 million, while Kardashian West is worth $350 million. It's mostly thanks to Jenner's makeup company, Kylie Cosmetics, which launched in 2016. Forbes estimated it is worth $800 million — and Jenner owns 100% of it.

On top of that, Jenner has made millions in sponsorship deals, and about $60 million in after-tax dividends from her company, according to Forbes.

Forbes said that Kardashian West's own cosmetics company, KKW Beauty, has made $100 million since last June. Her worth also stems from her years as a public figure and her mobile-gaming app, Kim Kardashian: Hollywood, according to Forbes.

Forbes said that Jenner could become the youngest self-made billionaire ever in another year, besting Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg and Snap's Evan Spiegel.

The chart below shows just how much Jenner is worth compared to Kardashian West:

net worth of kylie jenner and kim kardashian west

SEE ALSO: A line of wines inspired by Hulu's 'The Handmaid's Tale' was killed within hours of its launch after online backlash

Join the conversation about this story »

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          Kylie Jenner likely to become youngest 'self-made' billionaire ever      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The 20-year-old’s $900m fortune already makes her richer than JK Rowling, Adele and sister Kim Kardashian West

Five years ago Kylie Jenner was still in high school. Her media empire extended about as far as occasional appearances on Keeping Up with the Kardashians and her Tumblr account, Kalifornia Klasss, where she posted Roy Lichtenstein artworks and photos of lions.

Today, the financial magazine Forbes estimates that she is worth $900m, making her not just the richest member of the Kardashian-Jenner clan (Kim Kardashian West is believed to be worth around $350m), but on course to become the youngest self-made billionaire ever. Mark Zuckerberg, the current record holder, was worth $1bn at the age of 23.

Continue reading...
          Mark Zuckerberg. Historia Facebooka      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   


          Kylie set to become the youngest self-made billionaire ever      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Kylie Jenner, the youngest daughter of the reality TV family in “Keeping Up with the Kardashians,” is set to become the youngest-ever self-made billionaire, even trumping Mark Zuckerberg’s record, according to Forbes. The 20-year-old, who launched her own cosmetic line, Kylie Cosmetics, less than three years ago, has already accumulated more than $900 million. According...
          Facebook Fined Only £500k by the U.K. for Cambridge Analytica Scandal      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Facebook remains under fire following its Cambridge Analytica scandal, as the social network is now being fined £500,000 EUR by the UK's Information Commissioner's Office (ICO). ICO has fined Mark Zuckerberg and the company approximately $664,000 USD (the maximum fine by law) for lacking suitable privacy protection, allowing the scandal to ensure despite significant warnings on the situation, and for not warning its users sufficiently. Although the penalty is not final and is likely to be met with appeals from Facebook, the social platform's chief privacy officer, Erin Egan, has said: "We have been working closely with the ICO in their investigation of Cambridge Analytica, just as we have with authorities in the US and other countries [...] We're reviewing the report and will respond to the ICO soon." ICO also questions if the platform's data is safe from other third-party apps, as Information Commissioner Elizabeth Denham wrote in the ICO report that other third-party companies involved in the scandal haven't been transparent on what's been done with its collected data. Over 172 and 285 organizations and individuals were investigated by ICO, respectively. In related news, Facebook is testing augmented reality news feed ads.

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          El Reino Unido multará a Facebook por violar de la ley de protección de datos      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
La comisionada de información de Reino Unido, Elizabeth Denham, ha informado este miércoles de que tiene la intención de multar a Facebook por la violación de la ley de protección de datos, mientras su oficina investiga cómo accedió la consultora Cambridge Analytica a los datos de millones de usuarios de forma indebida. El fundador y consejero delegado de Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, se ha enfrentado a preguntas de los legisladores de Estados Unidos y de la Unión Europea sobre cómo Cambridge Analytica consiguió indebidamente los datos personales de 87 millones de usuarios de Facebook. Al actualizar su investigación sobre el uso de análisis de datos por campañas políticas, Denham ha asegurado que tiene la intención de multar a Facebook con 500.000 libras (alrededor de 560.000 euros), una cifra pequeña para una compañía con un valor de mercado de 590.000 millones de dólares (alrededor de 502.000 millones de euros), pero la cantidad máxima permitida. Denham ha afirmado que Facebook ha violado la ley al no proteger la información de las personas y que no había sido transparente acerca de cómo los datos fueron recogidos por otros en su plataforma. En un comunicado este alto cargo ha manifestado que «las nuevas tecnologías que usan análisis de datos para microobjetivar a las personas brindan a los grupos de campañas la capacidad de conectarse con votantes individuales» En este sentido, ha matizado el organismo que «esto no puede ser a expensas de la transparencia, la equidad y el cumplimiento de la ley». La respuesta de Facebook Facebook puede responder a la comisionada antes de tomar una decisión final y ha señalado que está revisando el informe. A lo que Erin Egan, responsable principal de privacidad dentro de la compañía, ha respondido que «como hemos dicho antes, deberíamos haber hecho más para investigar las afirmaciones sobre Cambridge Analytica y tomar medidas en 2015». Egan ha defendido que la compañía ha trabajado estrechamente con el organismo británico «tal como lo hemos hecho con las autoridades de Estados Unidos y otros países». Los legisladores británicos han lanzado una investigación sobre «noticias falsas» y su efecto en las campañas electorales, centrándose cada vez más en Cambridge Analytica. El presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, contrató a Cambridge Analytica en 2016 y la compañía ha negado que su trabajo sobre la exitosa campaña electoral del magnate utilizara datos. Sin embargo, el informe de la comisionada de información ha afirmado que otras medidas reglamentarias incluirían un enjuiciamiento penal contra la empresa matriz de Cambridge Analytica, SCL Elections, por no abordar el aviso de cumplimiento del regulador. Además ha señalado que enviaría cartas de advertencia a 11 partidos políticos para obligarlos a auditar sus prácticas de protección de datos.
          Facebook : les publicités en réalité augmentée débarquent sur le fil d’actualité      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Dans une nouvelle mise à jour, Facebook a déployé les publicités en réalité augmentée sur le fil d’actualité des utilisateurs. À l’heure actuelle, seules quelques marques ont accès à cette nouvelle fonctionnalité. Réinventer l’expérience client. C’est ce que cherche à réaliser le réseau social le plus puissant du monde, Facebook. L’entreprise dirigée par Mark Zuckerberg Lire la suite
          Comment on The Street is underestimating the timing and impact of Apple going net cash neutral by Laughing_Boy48      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
It's amusing (and somewhat disappointing) how Apple is spending all that cash to move the share price a mere ten dollars higher in an entire year. Meanwhile, Facebook can create some cheap app and move the stock price $50 in a few months. Facebook will reach $250 before Apple gets to $200 a share. That's rather sad. Facebook can monetize everything it does and investors are practically throwing money at Zuckerberg. Of course, Zuckerberg has already proved he's a god CEO by outsmarting Capitol Hill and the EU in record time. Facebook is untouchable by any regulating faction and will definitely continue to outperform Apple in terms of share gains. I don't even understand Facebook's high value because I never use social apps. I think of Apple spending a $100B for stock buybacks and yet they can't even update their desktops to match Windows PCs in performance. Forget about the Mac Mini. The only thing we'll ever see of it is those refurbished ones on Apple's web site and those are all dual-core processors for crissakes. I'm glad I still have my quad-core i7 Mac Mini. Why is Apple so damn cheap when it comes to desktop performance for the buck?
          Facebook founder’s fund pledges $250,000 to back affordable housing ballot measure      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative wants you to vote yes on Prop. 1 – a state ballot measure that would funnel money to affordable housing programs – and it’s ponying up $250,000 to help make sure that happens.
          Facebook founder’s fund pledges $250,000 to back affordable housing ballot measure      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative wants you to vote yes on Prop. 1 – a state ballot measure that would funnel money to affordable housing programs – and it’s ponying up $250,000 to help make sure that happens.
          Dictionary.com entered the debate over whether Kylie Jenner is a 'self-made' multi-millionaire with a brutal subtweet      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Kylie Jenner Style Evolution_22


 

As people debate Forbes' decision to put Kylie Jenner on a list of "self-made" billionaires, Dictionary.com is wading into the discourse. 

On Wednesday, Forbes released its August 2018 "America's Women Billionaires" issue with Jenner on the cover. The magazine estimates Jenner's net worth to be roughly $900 million, making her the 27th-richest self-made woman in the United States.

"Another year of growth will make her the youngest self-made billionaire ever, male or female, trumping Mark Zuckerberg, who became a billionaire at age 23," Forbes reported.

Discussion around whether Jenner, whose upbringing in ritzy Calabasas was documented on "Keeping Up With the Kardashians," is truly "self-made" quickly exploded. And, Dictionary.com decided to drop the definition of "self-made" at an expertly shady moment. 

"Self-made means having succeeded in life unaided," the online dictionary tweeted. "Used in a sentence: Forbes says that Kylie Jenner is a self-made woman." 

Screen Shot 2018 07 11 at 2.59.54 PM

Jenner's net worth has skyrocketed thanks to the success of Kylie Cosmetics. In a cover story about the 20-year-old multi-millionaire, Forbes conservatively values the company at $800 million, with an estimated $330 million in sales last year. Jenner is both the face of the company and the sole owner.

It is also worth noting that  Forbes' "self-made" designation is a bit different than the typical definition. It isn't a value judgement by the publication, but instead a way to distinguish between extremely rich people who inherited wealth and those whose fortune was made primarily in other ways.

"We consider any person who built her own fortune, and didn't inherit the money, to be self-made," Forbes' methodology reads. "So top executives at tech firms who are compensated for helping significantly grow companies make the ranks but not second-generation-women running family businesses."

SEE ALSO: People are slamming Forbes for putting Kylie Jenner on its list of 'self-made' billionaires

Join the conversation about this story »

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          People are slamming Forbes for putting Kylie Jenner on its list of the richest 'self-made' women      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Kylie Jenner Forbes

  • Kylie Jenner is on the cover of Forbes' "America's Women Billionaires" issue, with the magazine reporting that Jenner is the 27th-richest self-made woman in the United States.
  • Some took issue with Forbes for describing Jenner, whose ritzy upbringing was documented on "Keeping Up With the Kardashians," as "self-made."
  • Jenner's net worth now far exceeds that of anyone else in her family, according to Forbes' calculations. 

Some people are taking issue with Forbes putting Kylie Jenner on its list of the richest "self-made" women in the US, but the publication's reasoning makes sense.

On Wednesday, Forbes released its August 2018 "America's Women Billionaires" issue with Jenner on the cover. The magazine estimates Jenner's net worth to be roughly $900 million, making her the 27th-richest self-made woman in the US.

"Another year of growth will make her the youngest self-made billionaire ever, male or female, trumping Mark Zuckerberg, who became a billionaire at age 23," Forbes reported.

However, some took issue with Forbes classifying Jenner as a "self-made" near-billionaire.

The comedian Franchesca Ramsey tweeted: "Being born into extreme wealth & instant fame is the exact opposite of 'self made.'"

Even Dictionary.com got involved:

Jenner's story certainly isn't a rags-to-riches tale. She is the daughter of Kris Jenner — who was previously married to the prominent lawyer Robert Kardashian — and the famed Olympian Caitlyn Jenner, and her ritzy upbringing in Calabasas, California, was documented on the reality show "Keeping Up With the Kardashians."

However, at this point, Kylie Jenner's net worth far exceeds that of anyone else in her family, including her sister Kim Kardashian West.

net worth of kylie jenner and kim kardashian west

The 20-year-old's net worth has skyrocketed thanks to the success of Kylie Cosmetics. Forbes conservatively valued the company at $800 million, with an estimated $330 million in sales last year. Jenner is both the face of the company and the sole owner.

Further, Forbes' "self-made" designation is not a value judgment, but a way to distinguish between extremely rich people who inherited wealth and those whose fortune was made primarily in other ways.

"We consider any person who built her own fortune, and didn't inherit the money, to be self-made," Forbes said of its methodology. "So top executives at tech firms who are compensated for helping significantly grow companies make the ranks but not second-generation women running family businesses."

For example, the richest woman in the world, Alice Walton, the Walmart heiress whose net worth is estimated to be a whopping $46 billion, is not on the self-made-billionaires list because her wealth is inherited. But the richest self-made woman in America, Diane Hendricks, who cofounded and chairs ABC Supply, is worth just one-tenth of Walton, with a net worth of about $4.8 billion.

SEE ALSO: Kylie Jenner is on the cusp of becoming the world's youngest self-made billionaire, with Forbes estimating her net worth to be 3 times as large as Kim Kardashian's

Join the conversation about this story »

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          This striking chart shows how much bigger Kylie Jenner's net worth is than sister and fellow mogul Kim Kardashian West's      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

kylie jenner and kim kardashian

  • Forbes estimated that Kylie Jenner is worth $900 million, while her half-sister Kim Kardashian West is worth $350 million.
  • Jenner's makeup company alone is estimated to be worth $800 million.
  • Forbes said Jenner could become the youngest self-made billionaire ever in another year.
  • The chart below shows just how much more Jenner is worth than Kardashian West.

 

At just 20 years old, Kylie Jenner is worth over 2.5 times her half-sister Kim Kardashian West, who is 37.

Forbes estimated Jenner is worth $900 million, while Kardashian West is worth $350 million. It's mostly thanks to Jenner's makeup company, Kylie Cosmetics, which launched in 2016. Forbes estimated it is worth $800 million — and Jenner owns 100% of it.

On top of that, Jenner has made millions in sponsorship deals, and about $60 million in after-tax dividends from her company, according to Forbes.

Forbes said that Kardashian West's own cosmetics company, KKW Beauty, has made $100 million since last June. Her worth also stems from her years as a public figure and her mobile-gaming app, Kim Kardashian: Hollywood, according to Forbes.

Forbes said that Jenner could become the youngest self-made billionaire ever in another year, besting Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg and Snap's Evan Spiegel.

The chart below shows just how much Jenner is worth compared to Kardashian West:

net worth of kylie jenner and kim kardashian west

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          Kylie Jenner is on the cusp of becoming the world's youngest self-made billionaire, with Forbes estimating her net worth to be 3 times as large as Kim Kardashian's      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Kylie Jenner Forbes

  • Kylie Jenner is on the cover of Forbes' "America's Women Billionaires" issue, with the magazine estimating the cosmetics entrepreneur is worth $900 million.
  • Forbes reports that Jenner is the 27th-richest self-made woman in the United States, beating out the rest of her famous family. (Her older sister Kim Kardashian West is estimated to be worth $350 million.)
  • According to Forbes, Jenner is on the cusp of becoming the youngest self-made billionaire in the world, a title Mark Zuckerberg earned at 23 years old. 

Kylie Jenner may be the youngest sibling of the Kardashian/Jenner clan, but she is also the family member bringing in the most cash.

Jenner, who's on the cover of Forbes' August 2018 "America's Women Billionaires" issue, is worth roughly $900 million, according to the magazine.

According to Forbes' calculations, that makes her not only the Jenner or Kardashian with the highest net worth, but the 27th-richest self-made woman in the United States. For comparison, Forbes estimates that Jenner's older sister Kim Kardashian West is worth roughly $350 million.

net worth of kylie jenner and kim kardashian west

The 20-year-old's net worth has skyrocketed thanks to the success of Kylie Cosmetics. Forbes conservatively values the company at $800 million, with an estimated $330 million in sales last year. Jenner is both the face of the company and the sole owner.

Forbes' Natalie Robehmed detailed how Kylie Cosmetics has found success by harnessing Jenner's immense social-media following and slashing costs by outsourcing labor. There are only five full-time employees, with Jenner's mother, Kris Jenner, handling finances and public relations in exchange for a 10% management cut, the report says.

Kylie Cosmetics is dealing with slowing growth — Forbes reports that revenue grew just 7% last year, with lip-kit revenue dropping an estimated 35%.

However, the magazine says it would take more than a slow year of sales to stop Jenner from reaching billionaire status and making history.

"Another year of growth will make her the youngest self-made billionaire ever, male or female, trumping Mark Zuckerberg, who became a billionaire at age 23," Robehmed reported.

SEE ALSO: I visited Whataburger, a Texas chain with a cult following, for the first time. Here's what it's like.

Join the conversation about this story »

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          Millionaires, billionaires, and tech titans are swarming to Sun Valley, Idaho — here's a look at who's attending Allen & Co.'s annual mogul fest      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Dara Khosrowshahi Sun Valley

It's that time of year again: the annual Allen & Company Sun Valley Conference, otherwise known as "summer camp for billionaires."

The conference, which happens every July, attracts investors, moguls, and titans from industries ranging from tech to entertainment to sports.

It's an opportunity for industry power players to talk business, make deals — the conference is credited with kindling major mergers like Comcast and NBC Universal — and unwind in a beautiful mountain lodge

This year, plenty of familiar faces are expected to descend on Sun Valley, including Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, Apple CEO Tim Cook, and Netflix CEO Reed Hastings. 

Here's a look at who's been spotted arriving so far.

SEE ALSO: The number of tech moguls chartering private jets to Sun Valley next week has become 'chaotic'

PayPal CEO Dan Schulman, left, chats with Jonathan Nelson, founder of Providence Equity Partners.



YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki is already decked out in a Sun Valley 2018 hat.



Michael Ovitz, co-founder of the Creative Artists Agency.



See the rest of the story at Business Insider
          House Lawmakers Probe Google And Apple Over Data Privacy Following Gmail Debacle      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
House Lawmakers Probe Google And Apple Over Data Privacy Following Gmail Debacle Data security and user privacy are hot topics following the high profile Cambridge Analytica scandal that resulted in Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testifying before Congress. However, Facebook is not the only major company facing scrutiny by our elected officials. Apple and Google have both received letters from members of the US House of
          Forbes calling Kylie Jenner “self-made” proves it’s a useless term without context      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

As you may have heard, the latest Forbes cover crowns Kylie Jenner, who is worth at least $900 million, as one of the richest self-made women in the United States. “At 21, she’s set to be the youngest-ever self-made billionaire,” a cover line reads.

The exponential growth of Kylie Cosmetics, as Fast Company has previously reported, is impressive. Forbes values Kylie Cosmetics at $800 million, less than three years after Jenner started the brand. (The remaining $100 million to Jenner’s name comes from endorsements, TV payouts, and after-tax dividends from her company.) Kim Kardashian West, meanwhile, is reportedly worth a mere $350 million.

But the Twitterverse has opinions on Forbes using the word “self-made” to describe someone who had $250,000 laying around—money Jenner had earned from modeling gigs—to jump-start her business. (For comparison: Huda Kattan, who also makes an appearance on the Forbes list, started her billion-dollar beauty brand with $10,000 of her own savings and a $6,000 loan from her sister.)

Has Jenner built her company “unaided”? Of course not. She has benefitted enormously from the financial aid afforded to her by her family name, as well as the intense scrutiny it has yielded. Jenner used her own money to start Kylie Cosmetics, but it was money she earned by virtue of the Kardashian name. For Jenner, marketing Kylie Cosmetics means hawking products on Instagram, where she has 110 million followers.

As Forbes notes, Jenner’s success may be fleeting; Kylie Cosmetics’ revenue growth reportedly slowed last year. But a month shy of her 21st birthday, Jenner has parlayed Kardashian West’s fame—and infamy—into a thriving business and a net worth of nearly three times that of her sister’s. And surely other people on Forbes‘s myriad lists (including the “30 under 30” lists) have had privileges of their own, financial or otherwise, that might weaken the “self-made” descriptor.

Soon, when she’s worth a billion dollars, Jenner will be the youngest “self-made” billionaire bar none, beating out even Mark Zuckerberg, who earned the title at 23. And for that, we can tip our hats to her.


          Kylie Jenner Set to Become Youngest Self-Made Billionaire?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Move over Mark Zuckerberg, Kylie Jenner is about to break the record for youngest self-made billionaire!
          Move over Mark Zuckerberg      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
20-year-old Kylie Jenner just made the Forbes wealthiest self-made women list with a staggering net worth of $900 million. That's what her stake in her 3-year-old cosmetics business is worth.
          Kylie Jenner To Overtake Mark Zuckerberg As Youngest Ever ‘Self-Made’ Billionaire      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WEBTHUMBNEW kylie jennerKylie Jenner is projected to take over Mark Zuckerberg as the youngest ever ‘self-made billionaire’. Forbes magazine unveiled their August issue cover on Wednesday, showing the 20-year-old reality TV mogul to coincide with ‘America’s Women Billionaires.’ According to them, Kylie is currently worth an astonishing $900 million thanks to her cosmetics line. Once she hits ...
          Facebook fined in UK over Cambridge Analytica data scandal      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Facebook has been hit with a 'max fine' of £500,000 by British officials for improperly handling user data in the Cambridge Analytical scandal. Despite facing an investigation and security issues, Facebook stock is higher than ever and Mark Zuckerberg was recently named the third richest man on earth. CNET senior producer Dan Patterson joined CBSN with the latest.
          פרשת קיימברידג': פייסבוק יוצאת עם קנס זעום      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
נציבות המידע הבריטית (ICO) הודיעה על הטלת קנס על פייסבוק בעקבות פרשת הדלפת הפרטים האישיים לחברת קיימבריג' אנליטיקה, אולם הסכום זעום למדי שכנראה לא יפגע כלל בהכנסות החברה

          Kylie Jenner Set to Become ‘Youngest Self-Made Billionaire Ever,’ Prompting Online Eye Rolls      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Move over, Mark Zuckerberg. Kylie Jenner is set to become the “youngest self-made billionaire ever,” according to Forbes, thanks to her legions of social media followers.

The youngest sister from the Kardashian clan has leveraged her massive following into big bucks, making her “conservatively” worth $900 million, according to the magazine. That makes Jenner three times richer than her sister Kim Kardashian. By next year, at age 21, Jenner will likely be a billionaire.

It’s not rocket science to figure out how it happened. Jenner’s 110 million followers on Instagram — and millions more on Snapchat — give her a major audience to showcase Kylie Cosmetics, her lipstick and makeup line, on a daily basis.

Also Read: Kim Kardashian Says There's 'Literally Nothing on TV That I Like,' Is Reminded She's on TV

“Social media is an amazing platform,” Jenner told Forbes as part of its cover story for its new “America’s Women Billionaires” issue. “I have such easy access to my fans and my customers.”

Since launching two years ago, Kylie Cosmetics has sold more than $630 million worth of products, according to Forbes. Jenner owns 100 percent of the company, and operates with a lean staff of under 10 people. By “pouting for selfies,” as Forbes put it, Jenner has been able to show off her company and rake in the cash. In 2019, she’ll unseat Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg as the youngest “self-made” billionaire, who reached the mark at 23.

The “self-made” label has many rolling their eyes on Twitter.

Also Read: Kim Kardashian Watched a Mic Video, Then Got Trump to Free Alice Johnson

Even Dictionary.com got in on the action.

Also Read: Taylor Swift Calls Out Kim Kardashian's 'Snake' Subtweet as a 'Bully' Move

“Self-made means having succeeded in life unaided,” tweeted the Dictionary.com account.

Whether Jenner pulled herself up by her own bootstraps, or made a fortune thanks to her Kardashian ties, one thing is clear: She is definitely the breadwinner in the family, with boyfriend Travis Scott worth “only” $8 million.

Related stories from TheWrap:

Kendall Jenner, Apple Sued Over 'Pizza Boys' Radio Show

Did Kylie Jenner Really Just Tank Snapchat Parent's Stock Price?

Kendall Jenner Tops Gisele Bundchen as Highest Paid Model, Haters Assemble on Both Sides




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