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          Texas SVG, Dotted line svg, Texas state silhouette svg, heart svg, INSTANT DOWNLOAD vector files for cutting machines - svg, png, dxf, eps by MeanRightHookDesigns      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

1.50 USD

Long distance relationships are hard. Tell the one you love how much you're thinking about them by making them something awesome!

This listing is for an instant digital download of:
• The state of Texas
• A heart
• Two different dotted lines

These can be used in your cutting machine that accepts:
• SVG
• PNG
• DXF or
• EPS file types

All of these files will be in 1 zipped folder. You must unzip, extract, or expand the zipped file folder before attempting to use the files.

Please ensure that your machine takes the above format prior to purchase. These are design files. This is NOT the finished product or an embroidery design.

There is no guarantee the quality of the designs once they are altered, edited or converted.

There will be no refunds due to incompatibility issues so please be sure you have a machine that works with these file types.

Can't find the state or place you're looking for? Send us a message and we can create that for you!


          10 Seamless Vector Patterns Vol-01      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

10 Seamless Vector Patterns Vol-01

10 Seamless Vector Patterns Vol-01
Ai | EPS | PNG | JPEG | 4000 x 4000 px | Editable Vector | 149 MB


          Measurement of $W^{\pm}Z$ production cross sections and gauge boson polarisation in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
This note presents measurements of $W^{\pm}Z$ production in $pp$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $13$ TeV. The data were collected in 2015 and 2016 by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb$^{-1}$. The $W^{\pm}Z$ candidate events are reconstructed using leptonic decay modes into electrons and muons of the gauge bosons. The measured inclusive cross section in the detector fiducial region for leptonic decay modes is $\sigma_{W^\pm Z \rightarrow \ell^{'} \nu \ell \ell}^{\textrm{fid.}} = 63.7 \, \pm~1.0~\textrm{(stat.)} \, \pm~2.3~\textrm{(sys.)} \, \pm~0.3~\textrm{(mod.)} \, \pm~1.5~\textrm{(lumi.)}$ fb, in agreement with the next-to-next-to-leading-order Standard Model prediction of $61.5^{+1.4}_{-1.3}$ fb. Cross sections for $W^+Z$ and $W^-Z$ production and their ratio are presented as well as differential cross sections for several kinematic observables. An analysis of angular distributions of lepton decays of $W$ and $Z$ bosons is performed and integrated helicity fractions in the detector fiducial region are measured for each of the $W$ and $Z$ bosons. The longitudinal helicity state of pair-produced vector bosons is measured in hadronic collisions.
          Search for flavour anomalies at LHCb: decay-time-dependent CP violation in $B_s^0\to(K^+\pi^-)(K^-\pi^+)$ and Lepton Universality in $\overline{B}^0\to D^{(*)+}l\overline{\nu_{l}}$      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Standard Model (SM) of Particle Physics is a very successful theory, but it leaves some important questions unanswered. One long-standing mystery is the so called flavour structure, consisting on the specific arrangement of fermions in three families and the connections among them. Several New Physics (NP) models predict modifications to the flavour structure and consequent deviations from the expected behaviour of sub-atomic processes. The LHCb experiment, at CERN, searches for NP by measuring the properties of B mesons decays, using B mesons produced in p-p collisions at the LHC. This thesis presents two measurements performed in LHCb that allow to test the flavour structure of the SM in different ways. The first and main analysis corresponds to the World's first measurement of the Charge-Partity (\CP)-violating phase $\phi_s^{d\overline{d}}$, using $B^0_s \rightarrow (K^+\pi^-)(K^-\pi^+)$ decays. The analysis employs data collected by LHCb in 2011 and 2012. The physical motivation is the \CP problem, corresponding to the inconsistency between the huge matter/anti-matter asymmetry in the Universe and the small \CP asymmetry that the SM can accommodate (embedded in the flavour structure). The $B_s^0\to K^{*0}(\to K^+\pi^-)\overline{K}^{*0}(\to K^-\pi^+)$ decay is forbidden at tree level in the SM, only proceeding via loop (penguin) diagrams. This suppression allows potential NP contributions to play a significant role. The $\phi_s^{d\overline{d}}$ phase, predicted to be approximately 0 in the SM, arises in the interference between the $B^0_s/ \bar{B^0_s}$ oscillation and the decay of either a $B^0_s$ or a $\bar{B^0_s}$ to the $K^{*0}\overline{K}^{*0}$ final state. To increase the available statistics, not only the $K^{*0}(\overline{K}^{*0})$ resonance is inspected, but also several scalar, vector and tensor $K\pi$ components present in a two-dimensional $K\pi$ mass window of 750 to 1600 \MeVcc. A total of 19 amplitudes are studied. Given the current level of sensitivity, the same $\phi_s^{d\overline{d}}$ phase is used for all the states. A full amplitude analysis is done via an un-binned fit to the multi-dimensional decay distribution on the $B^0_s$ decay-time, three angular variables and the two $K\pi$ invariant masses. The \CP-violating phase is measured to be $\phi_s^{d\overline{d}}= -0.10 \pm 0.13 \pm 0.14$rad, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second one is systematic. It is compatible with the SM prediction, within uncertainties. Many other amplitude-parameters are determined in addition. In particular, the longitudinal-polarisation fraction of the $B_s^0\to K^{*0}\overline{K}^{*0}$ decay is found to be $f_{\rm L}=0.208\pm0.032\pm0.046$, which confirms the previously measured low value and deviates from the existent expectations based on the SM. The second analysis aims at testing the Lepton Universality. This property of the SM consists on the electro-weak couplings being the same for the three lepton families. Several deviations from this behaviour have been recently observed, the largest one corresponding to the combined measurement of $R(D)$ and $R(D^*)$ and being of 4.1 standard deviations. The $R$ observables are defined as $R(D^{(*)})=\mathcal{B}(B\to D^{(*)}\tau\bar{\nu}_{\tau})/\mathcal{B}(B\to D^{(*)}\mu\bar{\nu}_{\mu})$, where $D$ is $D^0$ or $D^+$ and $D^{*}$ is $D^{*0}$ or $D^{*+}$. The analysis presented in this work corresponds to the first LHCb measurement of $R(D)$ using $D^+$, and is restricted to the case $\tau\to \mu\nu_{\tau}\bar{\nu}_{\mu}$ and $D^+\to K^-\pi^+\pi^+$. A data sample collected by LHCb in 2015 is used. The measurement is done through a binned, three-dimensional, template-based fit to filtered candidates with the visible final state $K^-\pi^+\pi^+\mu^-$. Contributions from $D^{*+}\to D^+\pi^0$ to the same visible state, when the $\pi^0$ is not reconstructed, allow to measure $R(D^*)$ in combination with $R(D)$. After filtering, a total yield of about 800 000 $D^+$ candidates is found. The thesis reports the work done in this analysis, which will be continued in the future. To improve the sensitivity, the 2015 data sample will be combined for the final result with the data collected in 2016.
          Heilig Display - Children & Cheerful Theme      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Heilig Display - Children & Cheerful Theme#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Heilig Display - Children & Cheerful Theme
3 Fonts | 3 TTF | 3 OTF | Vector EPS | 6.34 MB
Regular, Clean and Outline Styles.


          Handy Premium Resume Vector Template      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Handy Premium Resume Vector Template#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Handy Premium Resume Vector Template
Ai | 3mm bleeds | Fonts Included | 10 MB
Clean, Minimal and Elegant Premium Resume Template.


          Collection of Mandala Templates in Vector [EPS]      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Collection of Mandala Templates in Vector [EPS]#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Collection of Mandala Templates in Vector [EPS]
5 EPS | 27 MB


          Vectors - Construction Workers 15      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Vectors - Construction Workers 15#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Vectors - Construction Workers 15
4 AI | +TIFF Preview | 84 Mb


          Lynda.com: Illustrator CC 2018 One-on-One Mastery      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Adobe Illustrator, the powerful vector-based drawing program, offers functionality that you can leverage to create striking, unique works of art. In this course—the third in a comprehensive training series by industry expert Deke McClelland—you can learn essential concepts for Illustrator mastery, in a logical order, on a schedule that works best for you. Learn new shortcuts, smart toolbox customizations, and advanced blend mode tricks. Find out how to construct seamlessly repeating patterns, and how to create symbols and custom arrowheads. Deke also covers the logo-making features in Illustrator, the Libraries and Actions panels, 3D effects, and more. Each chapter should leave you with a new set of skills—and a sense of accomplishment.

Note: This course was revised for 2018. As Creative Cloud evolves, the training will be updated. Check back often for new videos, new feature reviews, and new ways to work.
          Premium Wood wallet, Purple heart wood, Slim Mini Wallet, Wooden wallet, Credit card holder, boyfriend gift, Personalized wallet insert card by TwinsWoodCompany      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

43.00 USD

Purple heart Wood wallet, Slim Minimalist Wallet, Minimalist wallet, Wooden wallet, Credit card holder, boyfriend gift, Add any engraving and Personalized wallet insert card.

Hand-crafted wood wallet. Exotic wood, refined design.

★★★★★
Only five-star ratings and review!
Editor's choice on ETSY - best men gift!
The best offer on the market.
★★★★★

Size and Specifications:
Purple heart wood / Made out of a single piece of exotic Purple heart wood
Slim model / Hold Maximum 1-6 cards / Few folded bills
Size: 6cm x 9cm (little bit bigger than credit card)
Thickness: 7,5 mm
Include 1 black rubber band + 1 black extra rubber free
Finish: hand polishing, wax and natural oil

Without any doubt it is a wooden piece of art. Style created by the nature itself.
Every item is a genuine masterpiece. No picture can show the beauty of these wood wallet. One touch is all you need to feel the bond with the nature.

- This slim wallet won't puffs out you pocket.
- It's a lot more pleasant to hold in your hand than normal wallet.
- It can contain 1-6 cards and 4-6 cash, but it's so slim that you can put in almost every pocket.
- The more it rubs in you pocket the more solid the color becomes.
- Hold your cards straight. Won't crook and damage them like other minimalist leather wallets.

★ Looking for something creative and rare for the people dear to you? Or for yourself ? ★

We designed a perfect present! The best gift:
■ For a birthday
■ Christmas and New Year.
■ For You Boyfriend.
■ A wonderful gift for a groomsman.
■ An ideal present for Father’s day.
■ Any Anniversary.
■ Wedding day or Wooden wedding anniversary.

Customization:
Your accessory should be personal.
1) Add any engraving (a text or a logo) on the face of your wood wallet to make it one-of-a-kind.
2) Add Wood Wallet Insert engraving card / gift card
Write a comment to the order if you need an engraving. Specify the name of the font when ordering, our designer will provide sketches for you. Did not find the right font, let us know and we will find the right one for you.
(All engraving on the photo is shown for an example, see more ready engraving work www.instagram.com/twinswallet )
Note: logo only vector based no gradient B&W images.

Package:
All the items are shipped in a corrugated cardboard pack. This reliable and firm package prevents contents from damage.

Payment and shipping:
All the packages are ready for shipping in 2-5 days after payment. Standard international shipping takes 2-3 business weeks. Expedited shipping takes 7-14 days, costs extra and differs for each country. Contact us to order expedited shipping.

Additional information:
Color of every item may differ (a bit darker or lighter than in the picture). It depends on the wood texture and the season of timber harvesting. Each piece is unique, because it is made of solid wood and the grain is never the same. Every wooden block’s grain is created by the nature, and our craftsmen skillfully handmade a stylish accessory of it within a few hours. Every wood part is made to accentuate individuality of its owner.

Look at all our wood wallets with the possibility of personal engraving: https://www.etsy.com/shop/TwinsWoodCompany?ref=seller-platform-mcnav§ion_id=17816500

We are ready to receive CUSTOM ORDERS. We love doing custom orders, so contact us and we will do our best to get you exactly what you need.

Made deep in the heart of Russia in Wild Siberia (jokes aside) since 2013.

Stay informed, daily updates on Instagram. - @TwinsWood / @TwinsWatch / @TwinsWallet / @TwinsBowTies // @TwinsCuffLinks
Got questions? Contact us via feedback or contact form.


          Premium Wood wallet, Zebrano wood wallet, Slim Wallet, Wooden wallet, Credit card holder, boyfriend gift, Personalized wallet insert card by TwinsWoodCompany      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

43.00 USD

Zebra Wood wallet, Slim Minimalist Wallet, Minimalist wallet, Wooden wallet, Credit card holder, boyfriend gift, add Any engraving and Personalized wallet insert card

Hand-crafted wood wallet. Exotic wood, refined design.

★★★★★
Only five-star ratings and review!
Editor's choice on ETSY - best men gift!
The best offer on the market.
★★★★★

Size and Specifications:
African Zebra hard wood / Made out of a single piece of exotic Zebra wood
Slim model / Hold Maximum 1-6 cards / Few folded bills
Size: 6cm x 9cm (little bit bigger than credit card)
Thickness: 7,5 mm
Include 1 black rubber band + 1 black extra rubber free
Finish: hand polishing, wax and natural oil

Without any doubt it is a wooden piece of art. Style created by the nature itself.
Every item is a genuine masterpiece. No picture can show the beauty of these wood wallet. One touch is all you need to feel the bond with the nature.

- This slim wallet won't puffs out you pocket.
- It's a lot more pleasant to hold in your hand than normal wallet.
- It can contain 1-6 cards and 4-6 cash, but it's so slim that you can put in almost every pocket.
- The more it rubs in you pocket the more solid the color becomes.
- Hold your cards straight. Won't crook and damage them like other minimalist leather wallets.

★ Looking for something creative and rare for the people dear to you? Or for yourself ? ★

We designed a perfect present! The best gift:
■ For a birthday
■ Christmas and New Year.
■ For You Boyfriend.
■ A wonderful gift for a groomsman.
■ An ideal present for Father’s day.
■ Any Anniversary.
■ Wedding day or Wooden wedding anniversary.

Customization:
Your accessory should be personal.
1) Add any engraving (a text or a logo) on the face of your wood wallet to make it one-of-a-kind.
2) Add Wood Wallet Insert engraving card / gift card
Write a comment to the order if you need an engraving. Specify the name of the font when ordering, our designer will provide sketches for you. Did not find the right font, let us know and we will find the right one for you.
(All engraving on the photo is shown for an example, see more ready engraving work www.instagram.com/twinswallet )
Note: logo only vector based no gradient B&W images.

Package:
All the items are shipped in a corrugated cardboard pack. This reliable and firm package prevents contents from damage.

Payment and shipping:
All the packages are ready for shipping in 2-5 days after payment. Standard international shipping takes 2-3 business weeks. Expedited shipping takes 7-14 days, costs extra and differs for each country. Contact us to order expedited shipping.

Additional information:
Color of every item may differ (a bit darker or lighter than in the picture). It depends on the wood texture and the season of timber harvesting. Each piece is unique, because it is made of solid wood and the grain is never the same. Every wooden block’s grain is created by the nature, and our craftsmen skillfully handmade a stylish accessory of it within a few hours. Every wood part is made to accentuate individuality of its owner.

Look at all our wood wallets with the possibility of personal engraving: https://www.etsy.com/shop/TwinsWoodCompany?ref=seller-platform-mcnav§ion_id=17816500

We are ready to receive CUSTOM ORDERS. We love doing custom orders, so contact us and we will do our best to get you exactly what you need.

Made deep in the heart of Russia in Wild Siberia (jokes aside) since 2013.

Stay informed, daily updates on Instagram. - @TwinsWood / @TwinsWatch / @TwinsWallet / @TwinsBowTies // @TwinsCuffLinks
Got questions? Contact us via feedback or contact form.


          Vectors - Certificate Templates 71      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

          Vectors - Ornamental Floral Frames 55      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

          Vectors - Funny Cartoon Animals 57      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

           La terapia génica cura la diabetes tipo 2 y la obesidad en ratones       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Lo ha conseguido un equipo de investigación de la UAB mediante la única administración de un vector terapéutico y sin provocar ningún efecto secundario a largo plazo. ...

          Photography Catalogue - 3 Vector Templates      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Photography Catalogue - 3 Vector Templates

Photography Catalogue - 3 Vector Templates
3 Illustrator Ai | 16 pages | CMYK | Print-Ready | 24 MB
Every page, text and elements of designs in this catalogue can be easily changed according to requirement.


          Vectors - Shiny Brain Creative Logo 8      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Vectors - Shiny Brain Creative Logo 8

Vectors - Shiny Brain Creative Logo 8
3 AI | +TIFF Preview | 24 Mb


          Pack of 15 Summer Sale Banner Vector Collection      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Pack of 15 Summer Sale Banner Vector Collection

Pack of 15 Summer Sale Banner Vector Collection
14 Ai | 15 EPS | 405 MB


          Vectors - Wooden Christmas Backgrounds 14      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Vectors - Wooden Christmas Backgrounds 14

Vectors - Wooden Christmas Backgrounds 14
4 AI | +TIFF Preview | 125 Mb


          Alertan de una posible plaga de garrapatas por las altas temperaturas      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
La Asociación Nacional de Empresas de Sanidad Ambiental (ANECPLA) ha alertado de una posible plaga de garrapatas este verano debido al aumento de la vegetación por las abundantes lluvias de primavera, lo que «trae consigo un aumento de la proliferación de garrapatas enel campo y entornos rurales». Desde ANECPLA también advierten de «lo fácil» que es traerse de vuelta a casa estos parásitos a las ciudades desde el campo, pegados al cuerpo de las mascotas o incluso de las personas. «Presentes por lo general en las hierbas altas, se adhieren a animales o seres humanos para alimentarse de su sangre y no se sueltan hasta que se hinchan y su cuerpo se llena por completo», explica la directora general de ANECPLA, Milagros Fernández de Lezeta. Una vez en las ciudades, y sobre todo cuando el termómetro comienza a subir se ha observado que las garrapatas tienden a refugiarse en las viviendas, mostrando especial predilección por aquellas que se sitúan en las plantas bajas con jardines y por los chalés con vegetación alrededor. Este tipo de artrópodos son transmisores de un buen número de enfermedades, tales como la enfermedad de Lyme, la anaplasmosis y la fiebre hemorrágica de Crimea Congo, entre otras. Esta última, una afección endémica de África, Asia, Oriente Medio y los Balcanes, pero que en 2016 reportó su primera víctima en España: un hombre que se vio contagiado por la picadura de una garrapata en Ávila sin haber viajado al extranjero. Fue el primer caso autóctono de esta enfermedad; el segundo caso se produjo en la enfermera que lo trató. «El cambio climático parece ser la causa principal que explica la llegada de este virus a España. Otoños cada vez más tenues, acompañados de inviernos en los que no hiela y veranos con temperaturas cada vez más elevadas constituyen el caldo de cultivo perfecto para la proliferación de este vector y la enfermedad que transmiten», advierte la directora general de ANECP. Ante esta «amenaza», Milagros Fernández de Lezeta, ha recomendado «extremar las precauciones» en el campo para evitar la picadura de estos animales, como utilizar ropaprotectora adecuada, que deje visible la menor superficie de piel posible con pantalones largos, botas y la camiseta por dentro del pantalón. En este punto, reconoce que, «si bien es cierto que tan sólo un pequeño porcentaje de las picaduras de las garrapatas infectadas provoca la transmisión del virus a seres humanos», es «importante» en cualquier caso extremar las precauciones para evitar desarrollar una enfermedad que puede llegar a ser mortal. Además de estos perjuicios a seres humanos, la picadura de las garrapatas puede acarrear complicaciones de salud también en los animales, siendo la babesiosis y la erliquiosis las enfermedades más comunes que transmite.
          Fun with Fonts in XNA      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Originally posted on: http://geekswithblogs.net/cwilliams/archive/2007/11/03/116573.aspx

If you want to display some text on screen in your XNA game, the easiest way is to use a SpriteFont. The cool thing about SpriteFonts is that you can use any TrueType font and XNA will render it into an *XNB file and allow you to use it in your game. You can distribute the game without worrying about whether people have the font installed on their machines.

(edit: XNB files can be opened using the XNB Viewer, downloadable here, although it doesn't seem to work on Vista.)

So, anyway, to do this... just follow these simple instructions. I assume you already know how to make an XNA Windows Game.

Right click on your project name and "add new item." Name your SpriteFont whatever you want, or just leave the default name of SpriteFont1.

Once you do that, it's only a few lines of code to get your message out to the world.

First you need to open the SpriteFont file (it's just xml) and tell it what font to use:

<Fontname>UltraViolent BB</Fontname>

In this example, I'm using a font from the BlamBot site, which my buddy George hooked me up with. These guys have some really great fonts (some free, some for sale) that are available for independant comics and non-profit projects. (That applies to the free ones, you can do whatever you want if you pay for them.)

HINT: If you add new fonts to your OS (in Vista, and probably in XP) make sure you close and restart XNA GSE so it will recognize your font, otherwise your project won't build. The same is true if you don't spell the font's name properly.

We'll go ahead and bump the size up too, to make it totally readable.

<Size>36</Size>

Next, open your game.cs file and add a SpriteFont, like so.

SpriteFont UVfont;
SpriteBatch spritebatch;

We're adding a SpriteBatch too, since we'll be using that in our Draw() routine. You also need to add the following lines in your LoadGraphicsContent method:

spritebatch = new SpriteBatch(this.graphics.GraphicsDevice);
UVfont = content.Load<
SpriteFont>("SpriteFont1");

Next we go down to the Draw() routine and add these three lines:

spritebatch.Begin();
spritebatch.DrawString(UVfont, "Hello World", Vector2.Zero, Color.White);
spritebatch.End();
 

Finally, hit F5 and you should be greeted by our Cornflower Blue screen, with the words Hello World in large white letters, as below:

Edit: MonoSpaced fonts are not supported with SpriteFonts (as of the 1.0 Refresh.) If you need a monospaced font, then you'll have to create your own XNB file or find another way.

Update: Shawn Hargreaves (XNA Team) says MonoSpaced fonts will be supported in XNA 2.0.


          パクリブロガー撲滅!(PART 2)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   




 

パクリブロガー撲滅!(PART 2)


【レンゲの独り言】


(manila07.gif)

 

ですってぇ~。。。

馬鹿バカしいと思いながらも、最後までよく読んでくださいました。

デンマンさんも喜んでいると思います。

とにかく、ネットには、いろいろと変わった人がいますわァ。。。 

ヴァイアグラを飲みすぎて オツムがイカレた人もいれば、

他人に成りすまして ヤ~らしいコメントを書き込む人もいます。

また、誰彼かまわずに“スパム”を飛ばす嫌われ者もいます。

とにかく、ネットには。。。 特にアメブロには “めちゃキモい”人たちがウヨウヨしています。

まるで得意になって、愚かな事をして遊んでいます。

また、見かけは普通のブログでも、悪徳スパマーが手を変え品を変えて 悪徳サイトへ誘い込もうとしています。

コメントスパムで褒められると、ついついその気になって、相手のブログへ飛んでゆき、お返しに、あるいはお礼にと思って 読者に登録してしまったりするものですわァ。

どうか スパマーの思う壺にはまらないでくださいね。

悪徳スパマーは悪徳サイトへ誘おうと てぐすね引いて待っているのですから。。。

悪徳サイトを利用して、メールアドレスで登録したりすると、あなたのメールアドレスは第3者や第4者に売られてしまう危険性があります。

あなたは、そのようなスパム・コメントや 成りすましスパマーには騙されないと思い込んでいるでしょう?

でもねぇ~、もしかすると騙されているかもよ。。。

とにかく気をつけてくださいね。

次回も、さらに面白い話題が続きます。

あなたも、どうか、また記事を読みに戻ってきてください。

では。。。


(hand.gif)


あなたが絶対、

見たいと思っていた

面白くて実にためになるリンク


■ 『ちょっと変わった 新しい古代日本史』

■ 『興味深い写真や絵がたくさん載っている世界の神話』

■ 『現在に通じる古代オリエント史の散歩道』

■ 『見て楽しい、読んで面白い 私版・対訳ことわざ辞典』

ジューンさんの熟女下着 June Adams 下着美人
(30june.jpg)

『センスあるランジェリー』

■ 『あなたもワクワクする新世代のブログ』

■ 『ちょっと心にぐっと来る動物物語』

軽井沢タリアセン夫人の小百合さんが扮するゴディバ夫人 Godiva Sayuri
(godiva05.jpg)

■ 『軽井沢タリアセン夫人 - 小百合物語』



(spacer.png+betty5de.gif)
(hiroy2.png+betty5d.gif)
『スパマー HIRO 中野 悪徳業者』

 


(hooker08.gif)

■ 『きさ☆51ヶ国訪問中に注意!』

■ 『Xenovisに注意!』

■ 『客室乗務員@ハワイに恋した敦子に注意』

■ 『ハワイに恋した敦子の欺瞞』

■ 『フォロワーになって晒されて…』

■ 『ハワイに恋した敦子の懺悔』

■ 『ハワイに恋した敦子の反省』

■ 『ハワイに恋した敦子ダントツ』

■ 『コスパ最高@悪徳商法』

■ 『つぶちゃんは悪質スパマー』

■ 『つぶちゃんは愚かなスパマー』

■ 『つぶちゃんは悪名高いスパマー』


(yuri03.jpg)

■ 『こーてがにゃんにゃん』

■ 『こーて@ブラックリスト』

■ 『スパマーつぶちゃんの悪戯』

■ 『スパマー平田由里子』

■ 『ハワイに恋したダメな敦子』

■ 『ハワイに恋した愚かな敦子と奈々』

■ 『アフリカ滞在スパマー』

■ 『ミスユニバース悪女』


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■ 『スパマー横尾真美』

■ 『悪名高い横尾真美』

■ 『ナンパ馬鹿の末路』

■ 『また柏原知美?』

■ 『ネットの異端者』

■ 『ネットの問題児』

■ 『ハフマヌーン帝国の愚劣隊長』

■ 『いいね50回記念』

■ 『ヴァイアグラ馬鹿と小百合パンツ』


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■ 『聖書バカスパマー』

■ 『大先輩、馬鹿やるの止めて』

■ 『世界一愚かなスパマー』

■ 『デリヘル嬢かずえを探して』

■ 『全財産300万円をせどりに』

■ 『はるかのランジェリー』

■ 『人気のデリヘル嬢』

■ 『悪徳10万円モニター』

■ 『ハヌマーン隊長』

■ 『駐米スパマー』

■ 『柏原知美 再起?』


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■ 『ビットコインの危険性』

■ 『楽天バカ』

■ 『楽天バカ悪あがき』

■ 『スパム王 カーチス』

■ 『外国美脚サイト』

■ 『馬鹿の起源』

■ 『知性なきたわごと』

■ 『Hiro 中野 せどり スパマー』

■ 『Hiro 中野 せどり 悪徳』

■ 『Hiro 中野 せどり 悪質』

■ 『Hiro 中野 せどり 悪徳業者』

■ 『Hiro 中野 せどり いいね馬鹿』

■ 『悪徳業者に注意!』

■ 『Hiro 中野 せどり 不誠実』

■ 『悪事万里を走る!』


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■ 『反知性主義でワロタ』

■ 『リファラスパム』

■ 『ビットコイン馬鹿』

■ 『サムネイル画像』

■ 『読者登録スパム』

■ 『噂の女@香港』

■ 『ビットコイン リファラ』

■ 『悪徳業者 ネット犯罪者』

■ 『心にしみるウンコ』

■ 『性具とビットコイン馬鹿』

■ 『マヒナ奈々 悪徳業者』

■ 『現実主義者との夢の対談』

■ 『現実主義者 馬鹿の見本』

■ 『カーチスの裏技』

ベクトル成城店に注意 悪徳 不誠実 いいねスパマー
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■ 『現実主義者とブログ哨戒隊』

■ 『失われた20年の落し者』

■ 『トラバスパマー』

■ 『哀れで悲惨な現実主義者』

■ 『おめでたい現実主義者』

■ 『現実主義者@グアテマラ』

■ 『現実主義者@5ちゃんねる』

■ 『パクリブロガー look94288』

■ 『味もめんミステリー』

■ 『嫌われる現実主義者』

■ 『ネット犯罪 パクリブロガー』

■ 『ネットで笑われている現実主義者』

■ 『人気リンクスパマー』

■ 『反面教師の現実主義者』

■ 『チョー悪名高い現実主義者』

■ 『スパマー マイケル』

■ 『松永エロパクリ屋』

■ 『スパマー 早川えりこ』

■ 『ブラックリスト追加』

■ 『坑夫と現実主義者』

■ 『人気リンクを狙え!』

■ 『犯罪者 エロ松永』

■ 『タリアセン夫人をパクる』

■ 『世界一愚かな現実主義者』

■ 『中国情報ジャーナル スパマー fukachina』

■ 『ヴァイアグラスパマー』

■ 『村上春樹と現実主義者』

■ 『スパム女王 ノーマ』

■ 『ビットコイン・リファラスパマー』

■ 『ワールド・スパマー』

■ 『愚かな現実主義者@注目の的』

■ 『ATBコインスパマー』

■ 『迷惑スパマー 早川えりこ』

■ 『自殺と現実主義者』

■ 『樋口一葉と現実主義者』

■ 『悪徳スパマー 早川えりこ』

■ 『犯罪者 悪徳エロ松永』

■ 『美尻ビーナスをパクる』

■ 『スティーブ・ジョッブズと現実主義者』

■ 『悪質スパマー 早川えりこ』

■ 『めれちゃんと現実主義者』

■ 『悪徳エロ松永 犯罪者』

■ 『エロ犯罪者に注目』

■ 『早川えりこ 悪徳スパマー』

■ 『パクリ屋 ネット犯罪 エロ松永』

■ 『リファラスパマー Alexa』

■ 『マーフィーの法則と現実主義者』

■ 『悪徳ページスパマー』

■ 『Badbotスパマー』

■ 『愚かなパクリブロガー』

■ 『馬鹿の見本が読まれる』

■ 『現実主義者とDNA』

■ 『悪徳つぶちゃん再起』

■ 『現実主義者と学歴社会』

■ 『現実主義者と第2の人生』

■ 『ネチケットを知りません』



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           News Best Books Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics by Ferdinand P. Beer Online       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Details Product News Best Books Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics by Ferdinand P. Beer Online : none Download Click This Link https://hanifuntulan.blogspot.com/?book=0077402286
          radiators - £50      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
I have 4 radiators for sale 1x 1000x700 double convector - 1x 1200x500 single - 1x 1000x500 single - 1x 800x500 single - with ... 
Used  >  Household  >  Appliances  >  Air Conditioners, Space Heaters & Purifiers

          Infographic Templates Designs in Vector [AiEPS]      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Infographic Templates Designs in Vector [AiEPS]#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Infographic Templates Designs in Vector [Ai/EPS]
3 Ai | 6 EPS | 19 MB


          “Google Was Not a Normal Place”: Brin, Page, and Mayer on the Accidental Birth of the Company that Changed Everything      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
A behind-the-scenes account of the most important company on the Internet, from grad-school all-nighters, space tethers, and Burning Man to the “eigenvector of a matrix,” humongous wealth, and extraordinary power.
          yuriy_iWowWe: Пела, пою и буду петь! - плейлист от Любаши К      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Это цитата сообщения _Lyubasha_K_ Оригинальное сообщениеПела, пою и буду петь! - плейлист от Любаши К
















    Серия сообщений "Мои коллажи-8":

    Часть 1 - Моя любовь...
    Часть 2 - Песня о нежности
    ...
    Часть 26 - Я построю Гарем...
    Часть 27 - Любимое Ретро - плейлист из 114 песен
    Часть 28 - Пела, пою и буду петь! - плейлист от Любаши К



              Logo Design      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    I need a logo designed for a company called Speakeasy. I would like the logo to include the "S" I will need the vector files for this as well. Please think SIMPLE & CLEAN -- this is not a bar, this is not a club, this is a business. I've attached an updated Stussy logo to give insight in the direction that I'd like to go. Thanks! (Prize: 30)
               Recomendaciones de Salud Pública para evitar brotes epidémicos por lluvias       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    El Ministerio de Salud Pública recordó este martes a la población las medidas de prevención que deben asumir para prevenir brotes epidémicos de enfermedades como leptospirosis, enfermedad diarreica aguda, así como las respiratorias, incluyendo influenza, que suelen incrementarse en la temporada de lluvia.
    Según un comunicado, en atención a que las inundaciones suelen ser una amenaza para la aparición de brotes de enfermedades que pueden contraerse de manera directa, por transmisión vectorial, consumo de agua contaminada y por contacto con excrementos de animales, la entidad recomendó evitar bañarse en los aguaceros, lavar bien los vegetales, frutas y los utensilios de la cocina.
    Además, potabilizar el agua para consumo, principalmente si es de fuente desconocida y convertirla en agua segura, aplicando cinco gotas de cloro por galón. También pueden hervirla.
    El lavado de manos con suficiente agua y jabón es vital después de ir al baño o letrina, antes de comer, manipular los alimentos y después de cambiar los pañales a los bebés.
    Utilizar pañuelos al estornudar, guardar los alimentos en lugar seguro. Lavar con cloro o jabón las latas de alimentos antes de abrirlas, no consumir alimentos enlatados con fecha vencida; y tomar suero oral, si presentan diarrea.
    Indicó que, de forma directa, el nivel central y el nivel local o desconcentrado de la rectoría (direcciones provinciales y de áreas de salud) hacen coordinaciones interinstitucionales para mantener la higiene y la limpieza correcta en los albergues donde son conducidas personas desplazadas.
    También hace una exhortación a la población para que esté preparada y colabore aplicando las orientaciones de la Oficina Nacional de Meteorología (Onamet) y del Centro Operaciones de Emergencias (COE).
    Si presenta síntomas  
    En caso de presentar fiebre o malestar general como dolor de cabeza, dolor de estómago, diarrea, entre otros síntomas, el organismo de salud aconsejó a dirigirse de inmediato al centro de salud más cercano.
    Dijo que los centros de salud están debidamente abastecidos con los insumos, equipos y medicamentos necesarios, para enfrentar cualquier eventualidad.
    Fuente: Redacción ZDigital ;-
    Print Friendly, PDF & Email

              Software Test Lead (Vector)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    MD-Lexington Park, Software Test Lead (Vector) - 1069223 WHO WE ARE KBRwyle is a global government services organization delivering full life cycle professional and technical services from over 60 U.S. and 40 international locations. Our core capabilities include logistics, engineering, science, cyber, intelligence and security services. WHAT TO EXPECT When you become part of the KBR team, your career opportunities
              Software Tester (Vector)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    MD-Lexington Park, Software Tester (Vector) - 1069267 WHO WE ARE KBRwyle is a global government services organization delivering full life cycle professional and technical services from over 60 U.S. and 40 international locations. Our core capabilities include logistics, engineering, science, cyber, intelligence and security services. WHAT TO EXPECT When you become part of the KBR team, your career opportunities are
              Software Tester (Vector)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    MD-Lexington Park, Software Tester (Vector) - 1069268 WHO WE ARE KBRwyle is a global government services organization delivering full life cycle professional and technical services from over 60 U.S. and 40 international locations. Our core capabilities include logistics, engineering, science, cyber, intelligence and security services. WHAT TO EXPECT When you become part of the KBR team, your career opportunities are
              Декоративные элементы вектор - цветы, рамки, уголки, растительные узоры, вензели      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Декоративные элементы вектор - цветы, рамки, уголки, растительные узоры, вензели

    Декоративные элементы вектор - цветы, рамки, уголки, растительные узоры, вензели. Vectors - Floral Decoration Elements Mix 45
    3 AI | +TIFF Preview | 34 Mb

              Нарисованные розы векторный клипарт      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Нарисованные розы векторный клипарт

    Нарисованные розы векторный клипарт. Vector Roses Collection #22
    Vector 25 | Ai Files+Jpg Preview | Архив: RAR Размер: 61.03 MB

              Путешествие рисованные иллюстрации      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Путешествие рисованные иллюстрации

    Путешествие рисованные иллюстрации. Vectors - Shiny Travel Backgrounds 44
    4 AI | +TIFF Preview | 77 Mb

              Нарисованные розы вектор. Vectors - Shiny Different Roses 14      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Нарисованные розы вектор. Vectors - Shiny Different Roses 14

    Нарисованные розы вектор. Vectors - Shiny Different Roses 14
    4 AI | +TIFF Preview | 173 Mb

              Скетч рисунки рыбы вектор      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Скетч рисунки рыбы вектор

    Скетч рисунки рыбы вектор. Vectors - Sketch Different Fish Set
    3 AI | +TIFF Preview | 62 Mb

              Нарисованные овощи вектор      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Нарисованные овощи вектор

    Нарисованные овощи вектор. Vector Vegetables Collection #4
    Vector 25 | Ai Files+Jpg Preview | Архив: RAR Размер: 130.46 MB

              Девушки векторные иллюстрации. Vector Girls      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Девушки векторные иллюстрации. Vector Girls

    Девушки векторные иллюстрации. Vector Girls Collection #9
    Vector 50 | Ai Files+Jpg Preview | Архив: RAR Размер: 58.83 MB

              Разные деревья, пальмы, кусты в векторе      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Разные деревья, пальмы, кусты в векторе

    Разные деревья, пальмы, кусты в векторе. Vectors - Different Shiny Trees 19
    4 AI | +TIFF Preview | 102 Mb

              Красочные векторные элементы для веб-дизайна, бизнес презентации, инфографики      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Красочные векторные элементы для веб-дизайна, бизнес презентации, инфографики

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    Металлический алфавит и цифры вектор. Vectors - Creative Metal Alphabets 11

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              Недвижимость векторные логотипы. Vectors - Real Estate Logo Set 93      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Недвижимость векторные логотипы. Vectors - Real Estate Logo Set 93

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              Ретро этикетки, эмблемы для парикмахерской в векторе      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Ретро этикетки, эмблемы для парикмахерской в векторе

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              Зеленые эко логотипы вектор. Vectors - Green Ecology Logotypes 18      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Зеленые эко логотипы вектор. Vectors - Green Ecology Logotypes 18

    Зеленые эко логотипы вектор. Vectors - Green Ecology Logotypes 18
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              Животные вектор. Vector Animal Collection #40      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Животные вектор. Vector Animal Collection #40

    Животные вектор. Vector Animal Collection #40
    Vector 50 | Ai Files+Jpg Preview | Архив: RAR Размер: 61.64 MB

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    Мобильное приложение вектор. Vectors - Mobile Flat UI Elements 16

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              Бизнес идея, векторные иконки с изображением лампочки      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Бизнес идея, векторные иконки с изображением лампочки

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    3 AI | +TIFF Preview | 35 Mb

              Logo Design      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    I need a logo designed for a company called Speakeasy. I would like the logo to include the "S" I will need the vector files for this as well. Please think SIMPLE & CLEAN -- this is not a bar, this is not a club, this is a business. I've attached an updated Stussy logo to give insight in the direction that I'd like to go. Thanks! (Prize: 30)
              Market Vector Gold Miners: Pivot points      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    See the rest of the story here.

    Theflyonthewall.com provides the latest financial news as it breaks. Known as a leader in market intelligence, The Fly's real-time, streaming news feed keeps individual investors, professional money managers, active traders, and corporate executives informed on what's moving stocks. Sign up for a free trial at theflyonthewall.com to see what Wall Street is buzzing about.
              Market Vectors Semiconductor: Pivot points      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    See the rest of the story here.

    Theflyonthewall.com provides the latest financial news as it breaks. Known as a leader in market intelligence, The Fly's real-time, streaming news feed keeps individual investors, professional money managers, active traders, and corporate executives informed on what's moving stocks. Sign up for a free trial at theflyonthewall.com to see what Wall Street is buzzing about.
              Box helmets and gloves pattern on white background      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Box helmets and gloves pattern on white background


              5 Artificial Intelligence Business Lessons From The Masters | AI & Big Data - Forbes Now      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    The big data and analytics market continues to morph as Artificial Intelligence (AI) fields, such as machine learning and deep learning, provide new ways to generate business insights, as Forbes Now reports. 
     
     
    O’Reillys recent set of Strata Data conferences showcased how AI technologies are changing what companies can do with data across a wide range of industries. Here are four themes from Strata Data that universally apply across various industries and company sizes.

    1. Both humans and machines are needed to deliver the best result.

    Pinterest's VP of Engineering, Li Wan, shared the challenges and opportunities of creating a visual discovery engine. Wan described the challenges with naming an image while also understanding what’s in it and the style behind the image. Correctly defining image attributes is crucial for delivering a successful user experience. For example, a living room has multiple items in it. The company uses computer vision technology to break down the image, understand the objects within the picture and recommend similar things for you to consider.

    Since there are 100 billion pins in the database, Pinterest can’t rank every pin for every user in real time. To accomplish this herculean feat, Pinterest uses a graph-based recommendation engine that filters the candidate recommendations for every user. It uses machine models to predict the engagement level of a Pinterest user to a pin and the relevance of pin for a user. It sounds like a simple classification problem, but the system not only has to detect an item, such as a chair, within millions of images. Additionally, the AI system has to understand the style of the object, requiring Pinterest to create feature vectors to help recommend an image based on a user’s style. Where does the human element come in? Data specialists clean, validate and label the data. 
    Read more...

    Source: Forbes Now

              Corporate Identity Rebranding      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Hi, We are looking to rebrand our corporate identity. We are keen on creating an iconic brand identity. We are in the business of implementing/Installing Smart Home Solutions as well as Blinds. Hand Drawings and Sketches can be submitted to save time, and then work on a pixel-perfect logo after you are declared the competition winner. The following materials will be requested at the end of the contract: • a stylized text of our brand name and a 'no text' logo, both being able to work individually and combined • Website on a WordPress theme with complete customization • Introduction A5 flyer for the company • Introduction internet banner in three sizes (same design) for the company • a Black & White and a Colour version of the logo, in vectorial format and high definition PNG that can be applied to websites, business cards, Social Media etc • a favicon version of the color version • a brand identity consisting of fonts and sets of colors that can be applied to websites, business cards,Social Media etc • permission to copyright the materials as property of our company • We require a catchy subtitle/tagline as part of the design # Your entry will not be considered if you submit material that: • is an illustration instead of a logo • does not convey any other meaning than a 'Blinds/Smart Home business' • is a mere illustration of the brand name # Things you need to know about our company: • it is an Afro-British company • its brand name is 'Bespoke By Design' • https://www.instagram.com/bespokebydesign.ng • Blinds are our cash cow • Our buzzwords are: Quality, Choice, Integrity, Value for Money and excellent Customer Care # Things to know about our customers: • Our clients are middle to high-income earners • They are almost predominantly women • The women are between 25 and 65 years old • The men are between 35 and 70 years old # Design technics you are STRONGLY encouraged to use for the logos you will submit: • originality, luxury, bespoke • • optical illusion (Blinds/Smart Home etc) # Good Logo and text ideas can be taken from: • www.theshadestore.com • www.apple.com • www.lutron.com (Prize: 150)
              조류의 형질전환      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    [레포트] 형질전환동물 레포트[유전공학]형질 전환의 장단점[생물학] 형질 전환(Transformation)[형질전환] 식물의 형질전환[생식학] 핵이식 기법을 이용한 형질전환동물 생산과 문제점 및 해결방안형질 전환 동물의 이용과 전망 목 차 Ⅰ바이오의약품(치료용 단백질) 생산과 형질전환조류 Ⅱ조류의 형질 전환 기술 1.표적세포에 외래 유전자를 도입 하는 방법 1) 생물학적으로 도입하는 방법 (1) Retrovirus(ex:조류 백혈병 바이러스 등) vector system을 이용하는 방법 (2) Lentivirus vector system을 이용한 방법 (3)전이인자(transposable element)를 이용하는 방법 2) 물리적학적으로 도입하는 방법 (1)전기천공법 (2)미세주입법 3) 화학적으로 도입하는 방법 (1)리포좀법 (2) 인산칼슘을 매개로 한 형질감염법 2.조류의 형질전환 방법 1) 1세포기 수정란 미세주입법 2) 줄기세포를 이용한 형질전환 조류의 생산 ① 배반엽세포로부터 유래하는 배아줄기세포(ESCs:Embryonic Stem Cells)를 이용하는 방법 ② 원시생식세포(PGCs:Primordial Germ Cells)와 원시생식세포로부터 유래하는 배아생식선줄기세포(EGCs:Embryonic Germ Cells)를 이용하는 방법 ③ 정원줄기세포(SSCs:Spermatiogonial Stem Cells)와 여기서 유래한 생식선 줄기 세포(GSCs: Germline Stem Cells)를 이용하는 방법 Ⅲ형질전환조류를 통해 만들어진 바이오 신약 Ⅳ참고문헌 3) 화학적으로 도입하는 방법 (1)리포좀법 리포좀은 양친매성 지방산이 구형으로 뭉친 구조로서 물질을 세포 내로 도입하는 기능이 있다. 일반적인 리포좀은 지질 이중층으로 친수성 물질을 안에 담아 세포 내로 도입하지만 DNA 도입에 사용하는 지방산은 +전하를 띠는 양이온 지방산으로 보통 단일층 리포좀을 만든다. 이런 리포좀은 내부에 DNA를 담기보다는 밖에 음전하를 띠는 DNA와 리포좀과 결합하여 복합체를 이루고 이런 복합체는 세포막과 융합하며 DNA를 세포내로 도입하게 된다. 양이온리포좀과 DNA의 복합체 (2) 인산칼슘을 매개로 한 형질감염법 CaCl2와 DNA를 중성의 인산 완충용액에서 섞으면 CaPO4-DNA 복합체가 형성된다. 이 복합체가 세포 표면에 가라앉으면 세포의 내포운동에 의해 침전물이 세포 내로 흡수되어 염색체로 끼어들어 삽입되는 원리를 이용한다. Ⅳ참고문헌 한재용 ‘새로운 유전자의 도입방법과 형질전환조류 생산’ 양계연구 제 22권 9호 통건 제 219호( 2008년 6월) pp46-56 한재용 형질전환조류를 이용한 바이오신약 생산기술 Biosafety . vol. 8 no. 통권 31호(2007년 7월) p22-31 한재용 형질전환조류 생산에 관한 연구 농업생명과학연구3 1999.12 pp249-251 김태완 ‘형질전환 및 세포(조혈세포) 배양기술을 이용한 바이오신약 산업화-바이러스벡터를 이용한 G-CSF 생산형질전환 닭 개발’ 농촌진흥청 2008 구본철 ‘ Retrovirus vector system을 이용한 형질전환닭의 생산(박사논문)’ 충북대 대학원 2005 남상욱 유전공학의 이해 라이프사이언스 2008 pp238-245 Scott. F. Gilbert 길버트 발생생물학 8판 라이프사이언스 2007 pp76-77 [생물실험]형질전환결과GMO 동물 분야(형질전환 동물) 무균돼지생명공학 - 동물 및 식물 형질전환 기술을 이용한 산업적 응용 및 전망[미생물]세균의 형질전환(transformation)[실험레포트] 박테리아의 형질전환[식물공학] 엽록체 형질전환법을 이용한 SARS 백신의 생산[레포트] 형질전환실험[실험레포트] 형질전환 결레[레포트]미생물 형질전환(transformation)세균의 형질전환[유전자조작, 유전자, 유전자조작동물] 유전자조작의 의의, 유전자조작의 원리와 유전자조작 형질전환동물, 유전자조작 체세포복제동물, 유전자조작 질환모델동물 심층 분석[형질][형질개량][출아형질][형질전환][형질전환동물]형질과 형질개량, 형질과 출아형질, 형질과 형질전환, 형질과 형질전환동물, 형질과 생산형질, 형질과 유전력, 형질과 RFLP(제한효소단편길이다형성) 분석[생물의 세계] 형질전환동물형질전환가금을 이용한 바이오 신약 조회수:1254회
              Hải Tặc Chi Khống Chế Vector - Mới nhất: Chương 0464      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    10 chương đầu được gộp lại vào chương1 . Ai mới đọc thì lưu ý đọc trên web, app hình như ko cập nhật !! Xuyên qua OP thế giới mang theo hình dạng cái nữ hài, lại thêm cả khả năng khống chế vector, " Này, ta không giải thích chỉ bởi vì ko muốn nhận ái thiết quyền thôi, sao lại thành hải quân rồi ? " Cv tiếp từ c10, mong mn ủng hộ, năng lực của main từ truyện Toaru Majutsu no Index --------------------- “Nhớ trước đây chính là có cái nữ hài ái mộ ta.” Saido thổi phồng nói. Sanji đầu tiên là ngẩn ra, rồi sau đó trên mặt lộ ra tức giận, mạnh mẽ giả bộ một bộ không thèm để ý bộ dáng, trong miệng nói: “Trường dáng vẻ này nam tử, so nữ tử còn nữ tử, làm sao có cái gì nữ sinh thích.”
              Garden Grove mosquito sample tests positive for West Nile virus      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Orange County vector control officials anticipate a mild West Nile season.
              MATLAB 사용법에 대한 레포트      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    오실로스코프 사용법과 RC필터에 대한 실험레포트 예비레포트오실로스코프 사용법과 RC필터에 대한 결과레포트[2017년 보건교육C형]초/중/고등학생의 스마트폰중독에 대한 보건교육4C - 선택대상에 대한 인구 사회적 특성을 상세히 기술,그린의 PRECEDE-PROCEED 모형을 적용, 한 시간분량의 학습지도계획서를 포함 - 보건교육C형 과제물 레포트영상통신과 MATLAB 에 관한 레포트matlab사용법스키 기술에 대한 레포트 좀 더 업그레이드하여 자료를 보완하여 과제물을 꼼꼼하게 정성을 들어 작성했습니다. 위 자료 요약정리 잘되어 있으니 잘 참고하시어 학업에 나날이 발전이 있기를 기원합니다 ^^ Contents 1 MATLAB 22 Starting Up 2 2.1 WindowsSystems . 2 2.2 UnixSystems . 2 2.3 CommandLineHelp 2 2.4 Demos 3 3 Matlab as a Calculator 3 4 Numbers & Formats 35 Variables 3 5.1 VariableNames . 3 6 Suppressing output 4 7 Built{In Functions 4 7.1 TrigonometricFunctions . 4 7.2 OtherElementaryFunctions. 4 8 Vectors 4 8.1 TheColonNotation . 5 8.2 ExtractingBitsofaVector 5 8.3 ColumnVectors. 5 8.4 Transposing 9 Keeping a record 6 10Plotting Elementary Functions 6 10.1 Plotting|Titles&Labels 7 10.2 Grids. 7 10.3 LineStyles&Colours 7 10.4 Multi{plots 10.5 Hold 10.6 HardCopy 8 10.7 Subplot 8 10.8 Zooming 10.9 FormattedtextonPlots 10.10ControllingAxes 9 11Keyboard Accelerators 9 12Copying to and from Word and other applications 10 12.1 WindowSystems . 10 12.2 UnixSystems 10 13Script Files 10 14Products Division & Powers of Vec- tors 11 14.1 ScalarProduct( *) . 11 14.2 DotProduct( .*) . 11 14.3 DotDivisionofArrays( ./) . 12 14.4 DotPowerofArrays( .^) . 12 15Examples in Plotting 13 16Matrices|Two{Dimensional Arrays 13 16.1 Sizeofamatrix . 14 16.2 Transposeofamatrix 14 16.3 SpecialMatrices 14 16.4 TheIdentityMatrix 14 16.5 DiagonalMatrices 15 16.6 BuildingMatrices. 15 16.7 TabulatingFunctions. 15 16.8 ExtractingBitsofMatrices 16 16.9 Dotproductofmatrices( .*) . 16 16.10Matrix{vectorproducts 16 16.11Matrix{MatrixProducts 17 16.12SparseMatrices 17 17Systems of Linear Equations 18 17.1 Overdeterminedsystemoflinearequa-tions . 18 18Characters Strings and Text 20 19Loops 2020Logicals 21 20.1 WhileLoops. 22 20.2 if .then .else .end . 23 21Function m{ les 23 21.1 Examplesoffunctions 24 22Further Built{in Functions 25 22.1 RoundingNumbers 25 22.2 The sumFunction. . 25 22.3 max&min . 26 22.4 RandomNumbers 26 22.5 findforvectors. . 27 22.6 findformatrices 27 23Plotting Surfaces 27 24Timing 2825On{line Documentation 29 26Reading and Writing Data Files 29 26.1 FormattedFiles . 30 26.2 UnformattedFiles 30 27Graphic User Interfaces 31 28Command Summary 32 1 오실로 스코프 사용법 결과레포트[레포트][레포트]SI단위계에 대한레포트사형제도존폐에대한레포트[사형제도찬성과반대의견정리][사형제도찬반론정리][사형제도에대한나의견해정리](레포트)광고와 마케팅 22가지법칙에대한레포트다문화가정에대한레포트[다문화가정의현황과문제점][다문화가정][다문화가정의문제점과개선점]레포트-화공재료중불소계에대한레포트입니다아웃백에 대한조사서비스경영레포트기업지배 회사관리에대한레포트사이코패스에대하여[사이코패스에대한레포트][사이코패스의 원인및문제점과해결책][반사회적인격장애]미대(가구도장에대한레포트)세계의역사A형)간디비폭력불복종운동_비판적이고주체적인논평[간디의비폭력불복종운동이란무엇인가]간디의비폭력불복종저항운동에대한레포트][2017년 보건교육D형]노인의 안전사고예방에 대한 보건교육4D-선택대상에 대한 인구 사회적 특성을 상세히 기술,그린의 PRECEDE-PROCEED 모형을 적용, 한 시간분량의 학습지도계획서를 포함 -보건교육D형 과제물 레포트[레포트] 현미경사용법 결과레포트[레포트자료] 생태환경 파괴에 대한 과제레포트(광공해) 조회수:7회
              10 Seamless Vector Patterns Vol-01      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    10 Seamless Vector Patterns Vol-01

    Category: Arts
    Tag: Database/SQL

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              ASSISTANT PROFESSOR - INSECT VECTOR BIOLOGIST / INSECT PHYSIOLOGIST - University of Wisconsin–Madison - Madison, WI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Assistant Professor - Insect Vector Biologist / Insect Physiologist. Position Vacancy ID:....
    From University of Wisconsin–Madison - Mon, 30 Apr 2018 06:48:38 GMT - View all Madison, WI jobs
              SPC MD 1036      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    MD 1036 CONCERNING SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WATCH 269... FOR SOUTH-CENTRAL INTO NORTHEAST MONTANA...WESTERN NORTH DAKOTA
    MD 1036 Image
    
    Mesoscale Discussion 1036
    NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
    0732 PM CDT Tue Jul 10 2018
    
    Areas affected...South-central into northeast Montana...western
    North Dakota
    
    Concerning...Severe Thunderstorm Watch 269...
    
    Valid 110032Z - 110230Z
    
    The severe weather threat for Severe Thunderstorm Watch 269
    continues.
    
    SUMMARY...A linear segment of severe storms has developed over the
    northern portions of WW 269 and currently near Glasgow, MT. These
    storms pose the greatest threat for severe wind gusts and isolated
    severe hail. A WW is probable by 02Z for areas downstream of this
    storm complex. Farther south/southwest, storm coverage has been
    minimal and little continued development is expected.
    
    DISCUSSION...A line of storms nearing Glasgow, MT was moving east at
    about 40 kts. KGGW radial velocities show 50 to near 70 kts a few
    hundred feet off the surface with a recent measured wind gusts of
    40-45 kts in and north of Glasgow. Given a 0-6 km shear vector of
    around 55 kts aligned with the direction of propagation and
    1500-3000 J/kg MLCAPE -- RAP analysis estimates appear to be high
    per 00Z GGW sounding -- ahead of the line, the expectation is for
    severe wind gusts to remain probable over the next few hours.
    Furthermore, the low-level jet is expected to increase and provide
    at least modest theta-E advection along the international border.
    Locations expected to be impacted by these storms include northeast
    Montana and northwest North Dakota. A downstream watch is probable
    in northwest North Dakota by 02Z.
    
    Farther to the south/southwest, storms have struggled to maintain
    organization and intensity farther away from the mid-level ascent
    and better deep-layer shear to the north. While some additional
    development may occur, the coverage of isolated severe wind gusts
    and hail will likely be minimal.
    
    ..Wendt.. 07/11/2018
    
    ...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov for graphic product...
    
    ATTN...WFO...BIS...BYZ...GGW...TFX...
    
    LAT...LON   45590857 45820884 46420895 47600833 48430792 48860730
                48830649 48840565 48850424 48860252 48710168 48510136
                48140111 47820111 47580125 47250147 47020283 46910369
                46790393 46110636 45690771 45580835 45590857 
    
    
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               Awareness drive by SDMC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Over 104 autorickshaws with public announcement systems, to spread awareness about vector-borne diseases and measures for prevention, were flagged of
              خرید پستی تمامی فایل وکتور های سایت روی دیسک DVD      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    خرید پستی تمامی فایل وکتور های سایت روی دیسک DVD

    در جدیدترین محصول فروشگاه محصولات پستی فایل های سایت فرا گرافیک، شما می توانید هم اکنون تمامی فایل وکتور های سایت فرا گرافیک را از ابتدای اولین فایل در تاریخ 8 فروردین 1392 تا تاریخ 12 تیر 1397 روی 14 دیسک DVD (بیش از 55 گیگابایت اطلاعات) بصورت پستی خریداری نمایید. اگر یک طراح حرفه […]

    نوشته خرید پستی تمامی فایل وکتور های سایت روی دیسک DVD اولین بار در فرا گرافیک پدیدار شد.


              Long Beach Grand Prix Celebrity Racer: 1991 Toyota Celica GT      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    The Toyota Grand Prix in Long Beach was an annual Pro/Celebrity race in Toyota street cars that was first run in 1977.  The race has always had lots of carnage and is typically more fun to watch than the Indy/IRL/ChampCar parade of high-powered wing-equipped spec-chassis 'race-cars' held later in the day.  Unfortunately Toyota pulled their support of the race when they moved their USA HQ from Torrance, CA to somewhere in Texas, but the glory of the Pro/Celebrity races lives on in spectacular crashes (like the one where George Lucas is punished for Episodes 1,2,3) s and old used race cars. Find this 1991 Toyota Celica GT Racer here on eBay bidding for $5,500 in Mundelein, IL with 4 days to go.


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              Exam Solutions Gcse Vectors       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Dcument Of Exam Solutions Gcse Vectors
              デザインのアクセントになる 30種のベクター素材集「30 Free Vector Graphics and Vector Elements」      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    無料のベクター素材は沢山ありますが、その中で品質の良いものを探すには、どうしても時間がかかってしまうもの。そこで今回は、様々なトーンで制作された高品質の無料ベクター素材が30種まとめられた「30 Free Vector Graphics and Vector Elements」ご紹介します。 イラストやロゴ、UI設計に使えるアイコンなど、WEBデザインにも印刷物のデザインにも自由に使用できます。気になったものをいくつかピックアップしましたので、下記よりご覧ください。 詳しくは以下 Free C...
              ASSISTANT PROFESSOR - INSECT VECTOR BIOLOGIST / INSECT PHYSIOLOGIST - University of Wisconsin–Madison - Madison, WI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Assistant Professor - Insect Vector Biologist / Insect Physiologist. Position Vacancy ID:....
    From University of Wisconsin–Madison - Mon, 30 Apr 2018 06:48:38 GMT - View all Madison, WI jobs
              10 Seamless Vector Patterns Vol-01      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    10 Seamless Vector Patterns Vol-01

    Category: Arts
    Tag: Database/SQL

    Read more
              인하대학교 선형대수 족보      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    인하대학교병원자기소개서(인하대학교병원자소서+면접자료+1분스피치),인하대병원(간호사)합격자기소개서,인하대병원(신입간호직)자소서항목,인하대학병원면접족보(면접기출문제),인하대학교병원1분자기소개(인하대학교수시자기소개서+면접족보) 인하대학교(수시전형)자소서 [인하대학교합격자기소개서인하대학교수시모집자소서인하대입학사정관제인하대학업계획서][레포트,족보등업]선형대수학 연습문제인하대학교 2학년 기초실험 및 설계2 - 선형증폭기 예비보고서(인하대학교병원자기소개서+면접족보) 인하대학교병원(간호사)자소서,인하대학교병원간호직자기소개서,인하대병원자소서,인하대학교의과대학부속병원자기소개서자소서인하대학교 영문강독 족보 1. (1) 두 벡터 와 가 이루고 있는 각의 크기를 라고 할 때 의 값을 구하여라. 답: 0 (2) 평면 에서 와 수직인 두 개의 단위벡터(unit vector)를 구하여라. 답: (4/5 3/5) (-4/5 -3/5) [족보] 인하대학교 일반수학2 기출문제[족보] 1학기 선형 대수학 시험 문제[교육대학원 진학]교육대학원 준비 이렇게 하라물리학실험 예비,결과[화물운송자 자격시험 요약및문제집] 화물운송자 자격시험 요약 및 문제집파라다이스 세가사미 2500개의 기출면접문제 자소서 작성과 입사시험 출제경유럽의 이해유럽의 이해유럽의_이해(main)[정보처리,정보처리기사,정보처리산업기사,기사,산업기사,기출문제,요점정리] 정보처리기사,산업기사 요점정리 및 기출문제[유통관리사시험] 유통관리사2급모의고사및2006년~2008년2차시험및핵심요약[신소재공학] Cis- Trans- 구조에 따른 체적변화인터넷 프로그래밍 설계 -중고책 거래 장터 사이트화물차 운행 행태에 따른 문제점 분석과 대안 제시 -화물차 야간통행을 중심으로 조회수:1회
              7/11/2018: Business: Vector loses bid for costs      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Vector has lost its bid to make Stuff Ltd pay costs over legal action that the electricity lines company brought against the publisher and owner of Stuff. The argument over a $11,150 legal bill centred on whether it was legal action taken by Vector...
              Chaise industrielle école atelier 1950 bois cintré Prouvé Perriand      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    79,00 EUR (0 Enchères)
    Date de fin: lundi juil.-16-2018 23:17:53 CEST
    Enchérir | Ajouter à vos Affaires à suivre

              Chaise industrielle école atelier 1950 bois cintré Prouvé Perriand      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    79,00 EUR (0 Enchères)
    Date de fin: lundi juil.-16-2018 23:16:37 CEST
    Enchérir | Ajouter à vos Affaires à suivre

              PROGRAMMEUR(EUSE) DE JEUX CONSOLE / CONSOLE GAME PROGRAMMER - Frima Studio - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Familiar with mathematical concepts applied to videogames (trigonometry, vector algebra, matrix calculus, etc);...
    From Frima Studio - Thu, 07 Jun 2018 10:10:26 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              Cocktail Menu Design      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Black Cocktail Menu Design Vector | Free Download in Cocktail Menu Design Customize 271+ Cocktail Menu Templates Online – Canva inside Cocktail Menu Design The History Of Cocktail Menu Design – Imbibe Magazine within Cocktail Menu Design Front Drawing Horisontal Cocktail Menu Design On Blackboard throughout Cocktail Menu Design Vintage Cocktail Menu Design Beverages Menu […]
              رمال الصحراء الساحرة تصميم ابداعي ملف مفتوح      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    رمال الصحراء الساحرة تصميم ابداعي ملف مفتوح

    الصحراء لها ارتباط مع العرب خصوصا ولهم معها عشق لا ينتهي مع هذا التصميم اللذي عكس جمال رمال الصحراء الجميلة والمميزة اللذي اتينا به لكم ملف مفتوح فيكتور العالي الدقة والمحبوب لدى المصميم لدقة العالية وعدم تأثره بتكبير وتصغير التصميم من خلالة التحميل كالعادة مباشر


              GIS Specialist - SNC-LAVALIN INFRASTRUCTURE - Saskatoon, SK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Performing analysis on vector, raster, and tabular datasets. Creating and maintaining vector, raster, and tabular data and databases....
    From SNC-LAVALIN INFRASTRUCTURE - Fri, 06 Apr 2018 23:15:52 GMT - View all Saskatoon, SK jobs
              Riggers / Technical Animators - Beenox - Applicant Bank - Activision - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    A knowledge of the 3D-related mathematics (matrix, vectors, etc.). Beenox is a video game development studio created in 2000....
    From Activision - Sun, 08 Jul 2018 05:29:43 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              PROGRAMMEUR(EUSE) DE JEUX CONSOLE / CONSOLE GAME PROGRAMMER - Frima Studio - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Familiar with mathematical concepts applied to videogames (trigonometry, vector algebra, matrix calculus, etc);...
    From Frima Studio - Thu, 07 Jun 2018 10:10:26 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              Ingénieur Conception Électronique - Electronic Design Engineer - Ciena - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Hands-on experience with RF test instruments such as Vector Network Analyser Spectrum Analyser and High-speed Oscilloscope strongly desired....
    From Ciena - Fri, 18 May 2018 20:15:09 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              RF Design Engineer - Ciena - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Hands-on experience with RF test instruments such as Vector Network Analyser Spectrum Analyser and High-speed Oscilloscope. We believe in the power of people....
    From Ciena - Tue, 13 Mar 2018 05:25:49 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              Ingénieur électrique - Lion - Saint-Jérôme, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Posséder des connaissances sur les notions CAN bus et logiciel CANalyzer (suite Vector). Nous sommes présentement à la recherche d’un Ingénieur électrique afin...
    From LION - Sat, 21 Apr 2018 07:30:16 GMT - View all Saint-Jérôme, QC jobs
              Ingénieur électrique - Technologie Hypertronic Inc - Blainville, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Posséder des connaissances sur les notions CAN bus et logiciel CANalyzer (suite Vector). Nous sommes présentement à la recherche d’un ingénieur électrique afin...
    From Indeed - Fri, 22 Jun 2018 15:44:26 GMT - View all Blainville, QC jobs
              Scientifique de données en mégadonnées - Intact - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Maîtrise des techniques analytiques appliquées (clustering, decision trees, neural networks, SVM (support vector machines), collaborative filtering, k-nearest...
    From Intact - Sat, 30 Jun 2018 18:58:20 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              UI/UX VISUAL DESIGNER - Intelerad - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    With that done, it’s time to turn some rough sketches into polished vector icons for a new app feature. Do you want to join a great team working on designing a...
    From Intelerad - Tue, 19 Jun 2018 03:10:11 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Lead - Cyber Security - SNC-LAVALIN INFRASTRUCTURE - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Knowledge of the profiles of the actors and the vectors of threats as well as the mechanisms of attack eg. Chez SNC-Lavalin, groupe transports collectifs et...
    From SNC-LAVALIN INFRASTRUCTURE - Fri, 15 Jun 2018 23:16:00 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Unity® / C# Developer - LVL Studio - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    3D development (Unity 3D, OpenGL, maths, matrices, quaternions, vector, etc.). Unity® / C# Developer....
    From LVL Studio - Fri, 15 Jun 2018 01:17:11 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Illustrateur (trice) / Illustrator - Woozworld - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Skill to optimize vector visual elements. Mastering 2D vector graphic production with Adobe Illustrator or Animate. Working at Woozworld....
    From Woozworld - Thu, 07 Jun 2018 22:26:18 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Full Stack Developer - Thales - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Led by Thales, cortAIx, in collaboration with the MILA (Artificial Intelligence Institute of Quebec), the IVADO (Institute of Data Valorization) and the Vector...
    From Thales - Sat, 19 May 2018 10:06:24 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Front End Developer - eXplorance - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Restful API), Web Font Embedding, Scalable Vector Graphics (aka SVG), Responsive Web Design, Object-Oriented Programming, JavaScript Animation, CSS Animation,...
    From Indeed - Thu, 19 Apr 2018 19:54:57 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Turkiye Seyahat Acentalari Birligi vector logo      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Turkiye Seyahat Acentalari Birligi vector logo

    Turkiye Seyahat Acentalari Birligi vector logo in (.EPS, .AI, .CDR) format. Free download Turkiye Seyahat Acentalari Birligi current logo in vector format. Direct link and Totally FREE!

    The post Turkiye Seyahat Acentalari Birligi vector logo appeared first on Vector logos and Logotypes free download - LogoEPS.com.


              import a Graphic Style Library in Adobe Illustrator using Javascript?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    I am creating a script to distribute to users.

    The package contains 1 script and a graphic style library that is required to apply a 3d effect in the script.

    Is there a way to open the graphic style library from the script?

    The script and library will both be located in the Adobe Illustrator Presets.

    I am trying to reduce the amount of actions required by the user so that they only need to run the script without having to open the graphic style library first.

    Below code occurs error: target layer cannot be modified

    But no unvisible or locked layer

    var style = app.activeDocument.graphicStyles.getByName("Jive_GS");

    style.applyTo(myvector);


              Downstream Manufacturing Associate      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    MD-Gaithersburg, Piper Life Sciences is currently seeking a Downstream Manufacturing Associate in Gaithersburg, MD to support downstream manufacturing operations at a rapidly-growing pharmaceutical organization. The downstream manufacturing associate will also support the production of viral vectors using specific downstream purification processes. Responsibilities of the Downstream Manufacturing Associate: Optimi
              Hearts get a boost from mitochondrial transplantation      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    For decades, cardiac researcher James McCully, PhD, has been spellbound by the idea of using mitochondria, the “batteries” of the body’s cells, as a therapy to boost heart function. Finally, a clinical trial at Boston Children’s Hospital is bringing his vision — a therapy called mitochondrial transplantation — to life. Mitochondria, small structures inside all...

    The post Hearts get a boost from mitochondrial transplantation appeared first on Vector.


              Walton / Black Lotus [2018]      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    [Label: Tectonic | Cat#: TEC023] Black Lotus (2:47) Point Blank (4:33) Koto Riddim VIP (4:25) No Mercy (4:01) Mad Zapper (4:16) Angry Drummer (4:35) Pan (5:25) Erhu (4:56) Vectors (4:14) White Lotus (5:05) TB
              alpha omega free vector download      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    alpha omega free vector download

              (Michigan) Mossberg model 695 bolt action 12 gauge shotgun w/ scope - $ 350      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Hello everyone,
    I have for sale or trade a beautiful mossberg bolt action bad ass shotgun!! Fully rifled slug gun ,Flat black , factory ported barrel , 2 round clip , tasco bantam scope mounted on Millett scope rings , less than 50 rounds through her!! A beautiful beast of a shotgun!!

    Trade value is $500
    Cash price is $350

    Here is a sample of trade items I'm interested in but not limited to!

    Springfield XDM pro 5” slide in 9mm
    M&P 9mm 5” slide (FDE preferred)
    Any 9mm long slide glock
    Sign mpx 9 carbine
    Lever action rifle in .44 magnum , 45 70 or other calibers
    Kriss vector in 9mm or 40mm , M1A1, AR10, .458 SOCOM, CZ scorpion Evo 3 Pistol/Carbine , SBR, sig mpx 8, 308 long rifle , 6.5 creedmoor/Grendel, 338 Lapua. Long rifle , quality sniper setup, willing to listen to any offers really, let me know what you have .
              (Michigan) 1958 Chinese Norinco SKS all original - $ 600      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Hello everyone,
    I have for sale or trade another beatific vintage piece of history ! She is a circa early 1958 Chinese Norinko SKS that was produced at the Jianshe Arsenal , there are many websites saying a couple things with regards to the serial number date coding some say it's a 59 ( when adding 3 years to the start of production or an early 58 be the of the lack of a side mount sling which didn't start until mid to late 58 she is all original. She is in great shape , barrel is beautiful and clean , the furniture is in good condition for her age. I'm not into these guns so she is up for sale or trade .

    Trade value is $700
    Cash price is $600

    9mm
    M&P 9mm 5” slide (FDE preferred)
    Any 9mm long slide glock
    Sign mpx 9 carbine
    Lever action rifle in .44 magnum , 45 70 or other calibers
    Ruger RPR in a 6.5 creedmoor , other trades would be Kriss vector in 10mm, scar 17, sig mpx, CZ scorpion evo3 S1 pistol but might be open to Carbine also, I will add cash to make the deal dependent on what your offering of course. I am open to other trade offers , let me know what you have .
              New comment on Item for Geeklist "Jack's Solo Games - Goals, Stats, Sessions, Reviews, and Rambling"       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    by pusherman42

    Related Item: Unpublished Prototype

    Honestly, I’ve yet to think of a way to do this.

    Let’s say you pull a chit. It has a letter on it. That’s the system that got it. It’s easy enough balance those.

    Then you pull another. That’s the rarity. By making rarity one of the factors I can smooth out the probabilities.

    Then the third pull gives you a number. Those three pieces give you the part that got hit, which you go look up.

    Problem is, to do it from one bag like that means that the reference will have to pull some of the weight of balancing.

    For example, say it’s “Engine,” “A,” “12.” That’s your pull.

    The chart would have to say something like Engine, A, 9-15 = radiator. It couldn’t just always be one to one, it’d have to be ranges.

    Becuase the letter and number distribution is in the bag, and it’s the same for every system. It’ll change a bit as you pull a token out, but ignoring that for now, the distribution of rarities and numbers wouldn’t change.

    So you couldn’t say Engine, A, 12 is the radiator. You could, and you could balance the letter/number distribution for that. But then A, 12 is ALWAYS that same probability. And no other part is exactly the same probability. Sure some might be close and I can fudge, but entire systems will not have lists of parts that all fit the same probability profile from every attack vector.

    So then what you end up doing is not really designing the bag to fit the chart. Instead you’re designing the bag to just be a really complex die roll that gives you lots of options. Then you design the reference to translate between the two. This feels less elegant. Not sure how else to do it.
              (Greensboro) Browning Invector Plus BPS - Offer      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Browning Invector Plus BPS, 28" ribbed barrel, 2 3/4" and 3" shells. Threaded for chokes but none are included. The finish aint pretty, but the gun itself is sound and functions properly. Great chance to get a high end shotgun for less, would make a nice refinish project. Bluing is very worn, stock is heavily scratched, a few dings in the rib.

    More pics/video/etc available on request.
              The West Nile virus has been detected in Orange County for the first time this year      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Orange County Mosquito and Vector Control District For Immediate Release: Monday, July 9, 2018 First Indication of West Nile Virus Activity in Orange County for 2018 Garden Grove, CA. The Orange County Mosquito and Vector Control District (OCMVCD) has confirmed the first mosquito sample to test positive for West Nile virus (WNV) in 2018. The mosquitoes were collected […]
              Costco East Weekly Deals: WD 6TB External Drive $160, Gillette ProShield Razor Bundle $35, Nestle Drumstick 18 Pack $14 + More      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Costco East Weekly Deals: WD 6TB External Drive $160, Gillette ProShield Razor Bundle $35, Nestle Drumstick 18 Pack $14 + More    

    Costco photo threads are some of the most popular threads every week on RedFlagDeals, so we've transcribed some of the offers found in this week's Costco East forum thread! If you want to compare these deals to those on the west coast, you can click here to see the unadvertised deals in Costco West stores!

    Thanks to inferno_gn, krazykanuck, Rlcky and willyfonsworth for taking the time to post photos to our Hot Deals forum! Note that these offers were found at various locations in the Quebec region and product offers and prices may vary by store.

    Take a gander below to see some of the offers available this week in Costco East stores.

    Automotive

    • Castrol Edge 5W30 Motor Oil, 5L - $27.99
    • Michelin Stealth Wiper Blades - $9.99

    Beauty and Wellness

    • Gillette Fusion ProShield Razor with 9 Cartridges - $34.99 (regularly $44.99)
    • Neutrogena Rapid Wrinkle Repair, 2 Pack - $19.97
    • Webber Naturals Triple-Strength Omega-3, 200 Softgels - $21.99 (regularly $27.99)

    Electronics and Appliances

    • Braun MultiQuick 7 Immersion Blender - $89.99
    • Hisense 55" 4K Smart LED TV - $539.99
    • Hisense 65" 4K Smart LED TV - $839.99
    • HP OfficeJet Pro All-in-One Printer - $89.99
    • LG 300W Sound Bar with Wireless Subwoofer - $129.97
    • LG 400W Sound Bar with Wireless Subwoofer - $199.97
    • Lorex Security System - $249.97
    • Samsung 50" Smart LED TV - $499.97
    • Samsung 55" 4K Curved LED TV - $799.97
    • Samsung 65" 4K Curved LED TV - $1299.97
    • Samsung Dishwasher - $449.99 (regularly $499.99)
    • WD My Book 6TB Desktop External Hard Drive - $159.99

    Groceries

    • Balderson Cheddar, 500g - $7.99 (regularly $9.99)
    • Black Diamond Cheese Slices, 1.25kg - $5.39 (regularly $7.89)
    • General Mills Cheerios, 1kg - $4.99 (regularly $6.99)
    • Kellogg's Vector, 1.13kg - $7.99 (regularly $9.99)
    • Kirkland Signature Natural Spring Water, 40 Pack - $3.99
    • Laughing Cow Cheese, 535g - $6.49 (regularly $8.49)
    • Natrel Butter, 454g - $3.99
    • Nestle Drumstick, 18 Pack - $13.69 (regularly $17.49)
    • Philadelphia Cream Cheese, 2 Pack - $7.99 (regularly $9.99)
    • Skoulakis Greek Souvlaki, 1kg - $9.99 (regularly $12.99)
    • Traditions Organic Fudge Bars, 14 Pack - $7.49 (regularly $9.99)
    • Wholly Guacamole, 12 Pack - $10.69 (regularly $13.69)

    Home and Kitchen

    • 3M Lint Rollers, 3 Pack - $7.99 (regularly $11.99)
    • 3M Scotch-Brite Sponges, 21 Pack - $11.99 (regularly $15.99)
    • Cashmere Premium 2-Ply Bathroom Tissue, 40 Rolls - $15.99 (regularly $19.99)
    • Contigo Water Bottle, 1.1L - $9.97
    • Crushed Bamboo Salt and Pepper Set - $14.97
    • Design Solutions Oberon Flushmount Light Fixture - $79.99 (regularly $99.99)
    • Dremel 8100 Rotary Tool - $99.97
    • Guzzini Salad Bowl - $9.97
    • Luminus LED Light Bulbs, 8 Pack - $8.99 (regularly $11.99)
    • NeatFreak Shoe Rack - $29.99
    • Northern Lights Artisan Candle - $9.97
    • Novaform EVENcor GelPlus Gel Memory Foam Pillow - $26.99 (regularly $34.99)
    • Purex Laundry Detergent, 5.24L - $12.79 (regularly $15.99)
    • Signature Housewares Bowl Set - $17.99
    • Sunlight Dishwashing Liquid, 5L - $8.49 (regularly $10.69)
    • Sunlight Laundry Detergent, 5.75L - $8.89 (regularly $11.89)
    • Swiffer Dusters, 28 Pack - $16.49 (regularly $19.99)
    • Swiffer Sweeper Refills, Dry, 80 Pack - $16.39 (regularly $19.89)
    • Swiffer Sweeper Refills, Wet, 60 Pack - $16.39 (regularly $19.89)
    • Tide Pods with Downy, 82 Pack - $19.99 (regularly $23.99)
    • Well Universal Bookcase - $79.97
    • Ziploc Medium Freezer Bags, 150 Bags - $8.89 (regularly $11.89)

    Kids and Baby

    • BIC Mechanical Pencils, 30 Pack - $8.99
    • Casio Scientific Calculator - $9.79
    • Roots Backpack - $22.99
    • Roots Lunch Box - $15.99

    Outdoors

    • Bunch o Balloons, 350 Water Balloons - $19.99
    • Spalding Basketball - $12.97
    • Umbro Soccer Ball - $9.97

    These offers are available for Costco members in good standing and eligible guests until July 15 at select Costco locations in the East region (Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador) -- click here to find the location nearest you.


              Simple logo re-design      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    We would like our existing logo to be made more simple - combine the features of a dog with a pig. Keywords describing how we would like it to look: -Menacing -Fearsome -Bold -Angry -Sharp -Cartoon-like - Dog-like. - Pig-like - Wild - Cheeky - Crazy If possible it will have nose-ring/piercing and a spiked/studded collar. Outline should be white, with a plain red background. Line drawing should be of equal width/strokes if possible. Image should be supplied as a vector illustrator file, and also jpeg & png. Image should be 300 dpi - in RGB and CMYK Design should be suitable for animation at a later date (extra points for this) - Image 1 is the EXISTING logo. - Image 2, 3 & 4 are for inspiration. (Prize: 15)
              Re: Deutsche Telekom: 100-MBit/s…      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Deutsche Telekom: 100-MBit/s-Vectoring für 385.000 Haushalte
              Re: Deutsche Telekom: 100-MBit/s…      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Deutsche Telekom: 100-MBit/s-Vectoring für 385.000 Haushalte
              Necky Vector 13- $700      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Necky Vector 13 ft sit on top kayak. Very stable and responsive in the water with lots of storage space. It could be fitted out ... 
    Used  >  Autos  >  Boats  >  Canoes, Kayaks & Row Boats

              Illustration Of Thai Cave Rescue Mission With Hidden Meanings Goes Viral      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Image via Shutterstock

    A stirring cartoon responding to the efforts taken to rescue the soccer team trapped in an underwater cave in Thailand is gaining traction from internet users around the world.

    Artistic duo SISIDEA—comprising sisters Aruni Aunhawarakorn and Jantima Manasviyoungkul from Bangkok—first conceptualized the image when news broke that the soccer team and their coach were missing, but it only materialized after the first successful rescue.

    The drawing comprises 12 little wild boars and a larger one, as well as several other animals and ‘Iron Man’ swimming out of a cave. After its posting, the drawing was shared by the Royal Thai Navy on Facebook where it’s garnered 198,000 likes and 58,000 shares in less than 24 hours.

    While adorable, there’s more than meets the eye because each character in the cartoon holds a special meaning. The boars refer to the boys and their soccer coach, while the white elephant in front of them represents Narongsak Osottanakorn, who is in charge of the rescue operations.

    The white horse symbolizes every contributor of the rescue mission. “Everyone is a white knight,” the sisters explain.

    The frogs refer to cave divers, the swallows represent Thai climbers, and the white seals are an apt wordplay on the Thai navy SEALs.

    Additionally, the dog honors the K9 unit present at the scene, the dragon refers to the rescuers drilling into the cave to extract its waters, and the birds facing the animals symbolize the media.

    There are also multiple homages to the countries assisting the mission. There’s a blue lion (Britain and Belgium), a kangaroo (Australia), a panda (China), a crane (Japan), a moose (Sweden), a tiger (Myanmar), a brown elephant (Laos), and an eagle (United States).

    For good measure, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk appears in the image of an ‘Iron Man’ mask, since he’s built and sent a kid-sized submarine to aid the operations, with help from his engineering team.

    The image isn’t all cheery, though. The single crow overlooking the situation refers to naysayers of the rescue mission.

    Have a look at the meaningful illustration below.


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    เผื่อมีใครอยากได้ cover...

    Posted by SISIDEA on Monday, July 9, 2018



    [via SISIDEA, images via various sources]
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              Graphic vector image of a shell of an ancient malyuska. Abstract background, pattern. Isolated object on white background      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

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    Graphic vector image of a shell of an ancient malyuska. Abstract background, pattern. Isolated object on white background

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              Re: [PATCH] xen: setup pv irq ops vector earlier      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Juergen Gross writes: On 11/07/18 00:26, Boris Ostrovsky wrote:
    haven't set up console.
    It will print to the kernel print buffer, so the output will be available later.
    available later.
    am not sure "support" is the right term here. Not crashing is big plus IMO. :-)
    Not crashing is big plus IMO. :-)
    Not crashing is big plus IMO. :-)
    Juergen
    Juergen
    Juergen

              바이올로지 레포트 레퍼런스      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    연세대 원주 생물레포트 레퍼런스-원형질분리입니다[레포트자료] Call by 레퍼런스 밸류 레포트[생화학실험2]Western blot analysis using His-tag AntibodyUML 조사 레포트객체지향언어(Java) 클래스물리레포트 줄의 파장 좀 더 업그레이드하여 자료를 보완하여 과제물을 꼼꼼하게 정성을 들어 작성했습니다. 위 자료 요약정리 잘되어 있으니 잘 참고하시어 학업에 나날이 발전이 있기를 기원합니다 ^^ 구입자 분의 앞날에 항상 무궁한 발전과 행복과 행운이 깃들기를 홧팅 Uredinales (rusts) 300 Urediniomycetes (rusts) 300 ureter 334 urethra 334 uric acid 334 Urochordata 340 urochordate 334 Urodela 16-17 Urticaceae 334 urticating 334 urushiol 271 286 Ustomycetes 309 uterus 335 utricle 334 335 V vaccination 337 vaccines 113 337 vacuole 60 337 vagility 337 valence shell 337 van der Waals forces 337 variable numbers of tandem repeats (VNTRs) 47 vascular bundle 265 vascular cambium 338 vascular membrane (tonoplast) 60 326 vascular plants 338 338 vascular suturing 54 vascular system 338 vascular tissue 338 vas deferens 338-339 vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone ADH) 22 243 VE (ventilation exchange) 339 vector 339 vegetative reproduction 29 339 vein 52 339 ventilation 210 339 ventilation exchange (VE) 339 ventilation/perfusion ratio 210 ventricle 157 339 Verhulst Pierre 208 vernalization 339 vertebra 339 340 vertebral bodies 339 vertebrates 339-340 vesicle 340-341 vessel element 341 vestibular system 34 vestigial organ 341 vetch 341 viable population 222 Vibrio cholerae(cholera) 64 vicariance 341 Vicia sativa 341 V illiard Paul 228 Viola cordata 356 viremia 341 V irginia white butterfly (Pieris virginiensis) 158 viroid (satellite RNA) 341 virus 113 143 341 342 visceral muscle) 341 visible light 341 vitalism 341-342 vitamin 107-108 342-343 vitamin A 167 vitamin B 107-108 vitamin B 12 72 vitamin C 167 289 320 vitamin D 167 vitamin E 90 vitamin K 90 99-100 vitiligo 343 viviparous 343 VNTRs (variable numbers of tandem repeats) 47 voltage-gated channel 139 343 Vorticella 279 W Wagle William A. 236 Wagner-Jauregg Julius 345 Waksman Selman Abraham 345-346 Wallace A. R. 346 Wallace’s line 346 W arburg Otto Heinrich 346 warm-blooded 115 346 water potential 346 water table 346 water vascular system 346-347 wavelength 108 347 WBC (white blood cell) 24 199-200 websites 363-364 W egener Alfred Lothar 347 W einberg B. W. 156 Weller Thomas Huckle 113 347-348 western conifer seed bug 158 West Nile disease 348 wheat stem rust 300 Whipple George Hoyt 348 white blood cell (leucocyte) 24 199-200 White Mountains (New Hampshire) 192 white pulp 312 The Wild Moths of North America(T uskes T uttle Collins) 228 wild type 348 Wilson’s disease 348 windpipe (trachea) 68 209 327 327 winterbottom’ssign 348-349 wobble 349 W olf Christian 124 Wright’s/Trypsin stain 67 Wuchereria bancrofti 110 X XANES 121 Xchromosomes 305 306 351 xenobiotic 351 xenodiagnosis 351 Xerces Society 112 xeric 351 xerophytes 51 351 XO 351 X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) 121 xylem 314 351-352 352 Xythalis Demetra 47 Y Ychromosomes 305 306 353 yeast 353 yellow ferment 324 yellow fever 324 353 yolk sac 353 Z Zdisks 301 Z-DNA (zigzag DNA) 355 zinc finger 355 Zollinger-Ellison syndrome 138 zoned reserve system 355 zones 355 zonula adherens 94 zonula occluden 94 zonulin 43 zoogeographical region (biogeographic boundary) 40 zoological nomenclature See binomial name) zooplankton 268 355 zoospore 355 zot 43 zwitterionic compound 355 zygodactyl 355-356 zygomorphic 356 356 zygospore 356 zygote 356 400 Index 공학물리 2학기 레포트이진 탐색트리 생성하기, 정렬하장비 사용 방법에 관한 레포트[레포트] U-healthcare[기초실험] 장비 사용 방법에 관한 레포트마이크로 조회수:20회
              PhotoLine 21.00 Multilingual      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    PhotoLine 21.00  Multilingual#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

    PhotoLine 21.00 Multilingual | File size: 68.2 MB


    PhotoLine is a full featured image editor with support for text, vector and image layers. In addition to the standard editing features, it supports 16 bits per channel, CMYK and Lab as well as color management with ICC profiles. The include image browser supports IPTC and EXIF data display and editing, batch conversion, HTML gallery output, batch renaming and more.


              PhotoLine 21.00 Multilingual      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    PhotoLine 21.00 Multilingual#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000
    PhotoLine 21.00 Multilingual | File size: 43.43 MB

    PhotoLine is a full featured image editor with support for text, vector and image layers. In addition to the standard editing features, it supports 16 bits per channel, CMYK and Lab as well as color management with ICC profiles. The include image browser supports IPTC and EXIF data display and editing, batch conversion, HTML gallery output, batch renaming and more.


              Musical hd backgrounds in vector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Musical hd backgrounds in vector

    Musical hd backgrounds in vector
    25 EPS, 25 JPG + Example included/ 348 mb

              La violencia armada en América: un modelo de Tri-Vector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Jeffrey Taxman.
    Resumen del articulo "La violencia armada en América: un modelo de Tri-Vector" publicado en International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies (23 de junio 2016)




    Las armas de fuego han sido parte de la cultura de los Estados Unidos desde su nacimiento. La violencia armada, tanto heroica como horrible, también ha sido parte de la cultura estadounidense durante mucho tiempo. En los últimos 20 años, hemos visto un aumento de los intentos de fusilamiento masivo, llamado 'evento de tirador activo'. El autor presenta un modelo con el que comprender mejor las fuerzas que pueden generar violencia armada, particularmente los eventos de tiradores activos. Este modelo, llamado Modelo Tri-Vector, integra fuertes fuerzas de desarrollo, culturales y sociales, junto con la neurofisiología del desarrollo, para explicar lo que puede llevar a ciertas personas a creer que sus actos de violencia armada no solo son permisibles sino incluso heroicos.
    "La pistola" tiene un lugar especial, casi exaltado, simbólicamente, en nuestra historia cultural y tradición nacional. Controla un rol e imagen importante en nuestra identidad nacional de grupos grandes. Esta imagen es en gran medida positiva, heroica y casi mágica. El arma de fuego es, de hecho, el único objeto específicamente nombrado y protegido en la Declaración de Derechos de EE. UU. (Constitución de los Estados Unidos - 2da. Enmienda) y ocupa un lugar central y heroico en siglos de historias, libros, películas y fantasías infantiles en los Estados Unidos. Al mismo tiempo, el arma puede ser un objeto de miedo y un símbolo de poder.
    La violencia armada, tanto heroica como horrorosa, también ha sido parte de nuestra cultura desde la época de los colonizadores hasta la actualidad: Estados Unidos nació de la guerra y ha conquistado su tierra por la fuerza armada. Leemos relatos diarios de tiroteos desde vehículos en movimiento, robos mal hechos, y vemos una vida de imágenes televisadas de la carnicería de la guerra.
    En los últimos 20 años, sin embargo, la violencia armada ha tomado una nueva forma: hemos visto la evolución, y la frecuencia cada vez mayor, de los intentos de fusilamientos masivos que parecen tener como objetivo principal la intención de dañar a tantas personas como sea posible. No se da importancia a los rasgos individuales de las víctimas; son víctimas simplemente porque estaban en ese lugar en ese momento.
    El Buró Federal de Investigaciones (FBI) ha dedicado un grupo de trabajo a este fenómeno, que llama " un evento de tirador activo " (Blair, Martaindale y Nichols, 2014 ). Este fenómeno fue llevado por primera vez a nuestra conciencia nacional con el tiroteo de la escuela secundaria Columbine en 1999, y persiste en nuestra conciencia con el aumento de frecuencias de eventos horribles similares y el refuerzo de los medios.
    La mayoría de los tiradores activos no están relacionados con sus víctimas y los disparos parecen ser al azar (Blair et al ., 2014) Esto lleva a muchos comentaristas a referirse a los eventos como "sin sentido" y al tirador como "trastornado", "psicótico" y "errático". Escuchamos los llamados polarizados para el control de armas o aumento de la posesión de armas, penas más severas para crímenes con armas de fuego y breves discusiones fuera de foco sobre la "reforma de salud mental". El público y los medios se enfocan en el tirador y la tragedia de las víctimas. Todos preguntan, con la brevedad de un ciclo de noticias, "¿Cómo podría alguien hacer esto?" Y "¿Qué podemos hacer para prevenirlo?" Al igual que con cualquier problema complejo, debemos comprender mejor el fenómeno en sí mismo antes de que podamos comenzar a responder estos preguntas
    Para entender mejor las causas de tales eventos y posiblemente prevenirlos en el futuro, necesitamos tener un modelo que ayude a explicar cómo un individuo transforma un acto impensable: el aparente tiroteo en masa al azar de seres humanos que no tienen conexión directa con el perpetrador. en uno permisible, o incluso heroico. Este modelo considera las fuerzas fuertes y modeladoras (de desarrollo, culturales y sociales) que pueden afectar dicha transformación en individuos raros. Se propone un modelo Tri-Vector que consiste en tres vectores o fuerzas direccionales:
    ·        Vector 1 - Desarrollo: un vector de desarrollo interno derivado de los déficits de desarrollo, que puede predisponer a algunos individuos a las influencias direccionales de los otros dos vectores.
    ·        Vector 2 - Cultural: fuerzas de grupos grandes y traumas culturales pasados ​​que han sido internalizados transgeneracionalmente.
    ·        Vector 3 - Social: fuerzas sociales externas fuertes, penetrantes y directivas.
    El modelo se basa y asume mucha teoría psicoanalítica tradicional como trasfondo. Se basa en gran medida en la síntesis de cuatro áreas modernas de pensamiento psicoanalítico: mentalización; transmisión transgeneracional de trauma elegido y glorias elegidas; el cuerpo de trabajo en los últimos 20 años sobre el acoso y la violencia escolar; y neurofisiología moderna. Estos elementos son fundamentales para comprender las condiciones necesarias que, en algunas personas extremadamente raras que en este artículo se llamarán el "tirador activo futuro", transforman "lo impensable" en algo percibido por ellos como no solo pensable, sino incluso heroico, o "Su deber". Este modelo presenta una etiología del desarrollo que podría dejar a algunas personas propensas a actuar de esa manera, así como las fuerzas sociales que, consciente e inconscientemente, fomentan, refinan y dirigen este comportamiento. Tal modelo permitirá una mejor comprensión del tirador activo en el futuro, así como también ofrecerá métodos de intervención para revertir la tasa creciente de estos incidentes. La elaboración futura de este modelo también puede arrojar luz sobre otras formas de violencia armada en los Estados Unidos y posiblemente formas de intervención antes de que ocurra la violencia.



              DJ Mix R - DNB Delivery      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Recorded 2018-07-10 19:05:05

    Tracklisting:
    * Monty - Ectoplasm
    * Klinical - Fader
    * Octo Pi - Still
    * J:Kenzo - Rum Punch VIP
    * Klinical - Africa
    * Duoscience - 05-Duoscience - Don't Ever Stop [Diskool Records]
    * Alibi, MC Coppa - Trunk
    * Benny L - Thunder Slap
    * Duoscience - 04-Duoscience - Good To Be With Diskool Records
    * Bungle - Cocooned
    * DJ Hybrid - Raggamuffin
    * Mefjus - Saturate (Foreign Concept Remix)
    * Voltage - Boy
    * HLZ - Vectors
    * DJ Westy - No Way Out
    * Savage Rehab - Neck Funk V.I.P feat. Saxxon, Balistik
    * HLZ - Abracatabla
    * Voltage - Hold Tight
    * Sub Focus - X - Ray (Metrik Remix)
    * Voltage - Out of Luck
    * Shimon, Trimer - Scaredy Cat
    * 1991 - VHS
    * Mako - Daggy
    * Need For Mirrors - Veto
    * Rockwell - User
    * Bassface Sascha - Obey
    * - Miles A. Head - Like We Used To VIP
    * - BOU-POISON - VIP
    * Bassface Sascha - Its A Trap
    * Dabs & Safire - Back & Forth (Mako, DLR & Ant TC1 Remix)
    * Zero T - Bad For You
    * Break, Randall, DLR - Song and Dance
    * PHILBEE - Bobble
    * Brian Brainstorm, Ricky Tuff - Big Tune Ft. Ricky Tuff
    * Eastcolors - Evidence (Enei Remix)
    * Jazzatron - Slang Bang
    * Halogenix - Blej
    * Bassface Sascha, Feindsoul - Steppin On My Feet
    * Serum - Push It
    * Emperor - Shadow
    * Lenzman - Masquerade (Die, Interface & Will Cartwright Remix)
    * Shimon, Benny L - Sharks
    * Dossa & Locuzzed - Shag (VIP Mix)
    * Noisia, Phace - MPD
    * Benny L - Morse Code
    * DLR - A - DLR & Script - Electronic Heroin
    * Molecular - Twisting Nether
    * Calculon, Austin Speed, Shamanga - Fierce (Skeptical Remix)
    * T>I - Crunch Time
    * Drs - This Ain't Love feat. Calibre
    * Skeptical - Duck Soup
    * Friction, Stylo G - Bring It Back Ft. Stylo G
    * Ram Trilogy - Terminal 2
    * Future Cut - Whiplash
    * Plan B, Chase & Status - Pieces
    * Mampi Swift, InsideInfo - The One(InsideInfo Remix)
    * Dimension - UK
    * Sub Focus - Timewarp VIP
    * Mefjus - Blitz
    * Tantrum Desire, Friction, Riko Dan - Stinker
    * NC-17, Des McMahon - Dubminded
    * Telekinesis - Zuul
    * Whiney - Flashlight feat. Inja
    * Mefjus - Sleazebag
    * Legion, NC-17, Logam - Trippin'
    * Technimatic - Bristol (Break Remix)
    * Calyx & TeeBee - Intravenous
    * Emperor - Foxholes
    * Chris Lake - I Want You (1991 Remix)
    * Ram Trilogy - Human Future
    * Hyroglifics, Klax - Boogieboard
    * Smooth - Revenge
    * Phace, Mefjus, Phace & Mefjus - Malmaison
    * DJ Hazard - Killers Don't Die
    * Dimension - Whip Slap II
    * Fatboy Slim - Right Here, Right Now (Friction One In The Jungle Remix)
    * Noisia & The Upbeats - Dead Limit
    * DJ Phantasy, Youngman, Macky Gee - Let It Shine feat. Youngman
    * Enei - Prometheus VIP [Digital Bonus]
    * The Upbeats - SSxUB - Solitaire (Ulterior Motive Remix)
    * Drumsound & Bassline Smith - Technique Badboy
    * The Prototypes - Pale Blue Dot
    * Moving Fusion - Turbulence
    * Turno, MC Kombo - BMT
    * K Tee, Friction - Set It Off (Icicle Remix)
    * Enei, Kasra - 1000
    * The Upbeats - Patience
    * HLZ - Kronos
    * Commix, Icicle - Ultra Clean
    * Culture Shock - Steam Machine
    * Dossa & Locuzzed - Shag
    * Emperor - Claws
    * Drumsound & Bassline Smith - Outlaw Renegade
    * Ed Solo - Anye Up
    * Jayline - North Pole Cold
    * Cruk - Sucker Punch
    * Break - Unification
    * Chase & Status - Music Club

    Download, Distribute, and Donate!


              MarshallSoft dBase AES Library - 4.2      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    AES encryption library provides a simple interface to encrypt/decrypt files, strings or data from dBase applications using 256-bit AES (Rijndael) encryption keys. Supports CBC and ECB mode, initialization vectors, and PKCS7 padding. Win32/Win64.
              Set up logo correctly and design me a business card ready for print      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    I already have a logo designed but need it set up in different files formats etc.. with no background, eps, vector, web and for general use. I'm not sure what all these need to be, so need someone who knows what is best... (Budget: $30 - $250 AUD, Jobs: Business Cards, Graphic Design, Illustrator, Logo Design, Photoshop)
              Set of 30 Animated Buildings Motion Graphics      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    ✔️ Download here:
    templatesbravo.com/vh/item/set-of-30-animated-buildings/20066605

    Colorful set of 30 animated buildings. Flat style.

    Flat style
    All elements are 100% vector
    Scalable to any size
    After Effects CS [information on project page] and higher
    Fast render
    Help file included
    No plugins required
    Music track is not included (you can find it here )

    Cast: Antony Parker


              #minimal - beakfoundry      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Waiting. #beq #art #drawing #linework #design #humor #minimal #bold #vector #illustration #illustrator #adobe #aftereffects #motiongraphics #mograph #dribbble #tutorial #video #loop #looper
              Roland juno 106S MINT!! vintage analog synth 106 CHECKED AND SERVICED       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    $899.00
    End Date: Wednesday Aug-8-2018 19:33:08 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $899.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

              Roland juno 106 A++ vintage analog synth CHECKED AND SERVICED SN380***      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    $1,149.00
    End Date: Wednesday Aug-8-2018 19:48:02 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $1,149.00
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              Adaptive phenology of Ficus subpisocarpa and Ficus caulocarpa in Taipei, Taiwan      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Publication date: July 2018

    Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 90

    Author(s): Yun-Peng Chiang, Anthony Bain, Wen-Jer Wu, Lien-Siang Chou

    Abstract

    Insect pollination is the main strategy used by Angiosperm plants to transport pollen to another individual. The interaction between entomophilous plants and their pollinators is often mutualistic, with many species pairs being interdependent. In obligate pollination mutualism, the plant relies on its partner for pollination, whereas the pollen vector relies on plant resources. In the mutualism between Ficus (Moraceae) and the fig wasps (Hymenoptera, Agaonidae), the plant provides oviposition sites to its exclusive pollinator, which has an extremely short lifespan (a maximum lifespan of few days). This study examined how fig trees maintain their associated pollinator populations by conducting a 45-month phenological survey of 27 and 64 trees belonging to the species Ficus caulocarpa and F. subpisocarpa in Taipei, Taiwan. The observations indicated that the trees produce figs year-round with no clear seasonal pattern, and are not affected by meteorological factors. On average, about 30% of the trees of both species were bearing figs during the survey. The duration of the fig development was longer during the winter-spring period than during the summer-fall period. The trees displayed strong asynchrony among trees in the population but each crop was synchronous within a tree. However, after wasp emergence, crops lost their synchrony with part of the figs ripening within few days whereas some figs only ripened eight weeks later for F. subpisocarpa and four weeks later for F. caulocarpa. This study also discusses the implications of fig frugivory and mutualism.


              Ransomware back in big way, 181.5 million attacks since January      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    SonicWall announces record numbers for malware volume, ransomware attacks, encrypted threats and chip-based attacks in the mid-year update of the 2018 SonicWall Cyber Threat Report. “Real-time cyber threat intelligence is more critical than ever as cybercriminals continue to find new attack vectors — like encrypted and chip-based attacks,” said Chad Sweet, CEO at The Chertoff Group. “To stay protected in the cyber arms race, organizations must use every tool in their security toolbox, particularly technology … More

    The post Ransomware back in big way, 181.5 million attacks since January appeared first on Help Net Security.


              TechnoMarine vector logo      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    TechnoMarine vector logo

    TechnoMarine vector logo in (.EPS, .AI, .CDR) format. Free download TechnoMarine current logo in vector format. Direct link and Totally FREE!

    The post TechnoMarine vector logo appeared first on Vector logos and Logotypes free download - LogoEPS.com.


              On the Donaldson–Uhlenbeck compactification of instanton moduli spaces on class VII surfaces      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Abstract
    We study the following question: Let (X,g) be a compact Gauduchon surface, (E,h) be a differentiable rank r vector bundle on X, D be a fixed holomorphic structure on D≔det(E) and a be the Chern connection of the pair (D,det(h)). Does the complex space structure on MaASD(E)* induced by the Kobayashi–Hitchin correspondence extend to a complex space structure on the Donaldson–Uhlenbeck compactification M¯aASD(E)? Our results answer this question in detail for the moduli spaces of SU(2)-instantons with c2=1 on general (possibly unknown) class VII surfaces.

              PROGRAMMEUR(EUSE) DE JEUX CONSOLE / CONSOLE GAME PROGRAMMER - Frima Studio - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Familiar with mathematical concepts applied to videogames (trigonometry, vector algebra, matrix calculus, etc);...
    From Frima Studio - Thu, 07 Jun 2018 10:10:26 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              Online Scoring with Delayed Information: A Convex Optimization Viewpoint. (arXiv:1807.03379v1 [cs.LG])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Avishek Ghosh, Kannan Ramchandran

    We consider a system where agents enter in an online fashion and are evaluated based on their attributes or context vectors. There can be practical situations where this context is partially observed, and the unobserved part comes after some delay. We assume that an agent, once left, cannot re-enter the system. Therefore, the job of the system is to provide an estimated score for the agent based on her instantaneous score and possibly some inference of the instantaneous score over the delayed score. In this paper, we estimate the delayed context via an online convex game between the agent and the system. We argue that the error in the score estimate accumulated over $T$ iterations is small if the regret of the online convex game is small. Further, we leverage side information about the delayed context in the form of a correlation function with the known context. We consider the settings where the delay is fixed or arbitrarily chosen by an adversary. Furthermore, we extend the formulation to the setting where the contexts are drawn from some Banach space. Overall, we show that the average penalty for not knowing the delayed context while making a decision scales with $\mathcal{O}(\frac{1}{\sqrt{T}})$, where this can be improved to $\mathcal{O}(\frac{\log T}{T})$ under special setting.


              Towards Non-Parametric Learning to Rank. (arXiv:1807.03395v1 [cs.LG])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Ao Liu, Qiong Wu, Zhenming Liu, Lirong Xia

    This paper studies a stylized, yet natural, learning-to-rank problem and points out the critical incorrectness of a widely used nearest neighbor algorithm. We consider a model with $n$ agents (users) $\{x_i\}_{i \in [n]}$ and $m$ alternatives (items) $\{y_j\}_{j \in [m]}$, each of which is associated with a latent feature vector. Agents rank items nondeterministically according to the Plackett-Luce model, where the higher the utility of an item to the agent, the more likely this item will be ranked high by the agent. Our goal is to find neighbors of an arbitrary agent or alternative in the latent space.

    We first show that the Kendall-tau distance based kNN produces incorrect results in our model. Next, we fix the problem by introducing a new algorithm with features constructed from "global information" of the data matrix. Our approach is in sharp contrast to most existing feature engineering methods. Finally, we design another new algorithm identifying similar alternatives. The construction of alternative features can be done using "local information," highlighting the algorithmic difference between finding similar agents and similar alternatives.


              High Fidelity Semantic Shape Completion for Point Clouds using Latent Optimization. (arXiv:1807.03407v1 [cs.CV])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Swaminathan Gurumurthy, Shubham Agrawal

    Semantic shape completion is a challenging problem in 3D computer vision where the task is to generate a complete 3D shape using a partial 3D shape as input. We propose a learning-based approach to complete incomplete 3D shapes through generative modeling and latent manifold optimization. Our algorithm works directly on point clouds. We use an autoencoder and a GAN to learn a distribution of embeddings for point clouds of object classes. An input point cloud with missing regions is first encoded to a feature vector. The representations learnt by the GAN are then used to find the best latent vector on the manifold using a combined optimization that finds a vector in the manifold of plausible vectors that is close to the original input (both in the feature space and the output space of the decoder). Experiments show that our algorithm is capable of successfully reconstructing point clouds with large missing regions with very high fidelity without having to rely on exemplar based database retrieval.


              SceneEDNet: A Deep Learning Approach for Scene Flow Estimation. (arXiv:1807.03464v1 [cs.CV])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Ravi Kumar Thakur, Snehasis Mukherjee

    Estimating scene flow in RGB-D videos is attracting much interest of the computer vision researchers, due to its potential applications in robotics. The state-of-the-art techniques for scene flow estimation, typically rely on the knowledge of scene structure of the frame and the correspondence between frames. However, with the increasing amount of RGB-D data captured from sophisticated sensors like Microsoft Kinect, and the recent advances in the area of sophisticated deep learning techniques, introduction of an efficient deep learning technique for scene flow estimation, is becoming important. This paper introduces a first effort to apply a deep learning method for direct estimation of scene flow by presenting a fully convolutional neural network with an encoder-decoder (ED) architecture. The proposed network SceneEDNet involves estimation of three dimensional motion vectors of all the scene points from sequence of stereo images. The training for direct estimation of scene flow is done using consecutive pairs of stereo images and corresponding scene flow ground truth. The proposed architecture is applied on a huge dataset and provides meaningful results.


              Privacy-Adversarial User Representations in Recommender Systems. (arXiv:1807.03521v1 [cs.IR])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Yehezkel S. Resheff, Yanai Elazar, Moni Shahar, Oren Sar Shalom

    Latent factor models for recommender systems represent users and items as low dimensional vectors. Privacy risks have been previously studied mostly in the context of recovery of personal information in the form of usage records from the training data. However, the user representations themselves may be used together with external data to recover private user information such as gender and age. In this paper we show that user vectors calculated by a common recommender system can be exploited in this way. We propose the privacy-adversarial framework to eliminate such leakage, and study the trade-off between recommender performance and leakage both theoretically and empirically using a benchmark dataset. We briefly discuss further applications of this method towards the generation of deeper and more insightful recommendations.


              An Empirical Approach For Probing the Definiteness of Kernels. (arXiv:1807.03555v1 [cs.LG])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Martin Zaefferer, Thomas Bartz-Beielstein, Günter Rudolph

    Models like support vector machines or Gaussian process regression often require positive semi-definite kernels. These kernels may be based on distance functions. While definiteness is proven for common distances and kernels, a proof for a new kernel may require too much time and effort for users who simply aim at practical usage. Furthermore, designing definite distances or kernels may be equally intricate. Finally, models can be enabled to use indefinite kernels. This may deteriorate the accuracy or computational cost of the model. Hence, an efficient method to determine definiteness is required. We propose an empirical approach. We show that sampling as well as optimization with an evolutionary algorithm may be employed to determine definiteness. We provide a proof-of-concept with 16 different distance measures for permutations. Our approach allows to disprove definiteness if a respective counter-example is found. It can also provide an estimate of how likely it is to obtain indefinite kernel matrices. This provides a simple, efficient tool to decide whether additional effort should be spent on designing/selecting a more suitable kernel or algorithm.


              Small-Variance Asymptotics for Nonparametric Bayesian Overlapping Stochastic Blockmodels. (arXiv:1807.03570v1 [stat.ML])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Gundeep Arora, Anupreet Porwal, Kanupriya Agarwal, Avani Samdariya, Piyush Rai

    The latent feature relational model (LFRM) is a generative model for graph-structured data to learn a binary vector representation for each node in the graph. The binary vector denotes the node's membership in one or more communities. At its core, the LFRM miller2009nonparametric is an overlapping stochastic blockmodel, which defines the link probability between any pair of nodes as a bilinear function of their community membership vectors. Moreover, using a nonparametric Bayesian prior (Indian Buffet Process) enables learning the number of communities automatically from the data. However, despite its appealing properties, inference in LFRM remains a challenge and is typically done via MCMC methods. This can be slow and may take a long time to converge. In this work, we develop a small-variance asymptotics based framework for the non-parametric Bayesian LFRM. This leads to an objective function that retains the nonparametric Bayesian flavor of LFRM, while enabling us to design deterministic inference algorithms for this model, that are easy to implement (using generic or specialized optimization routines) and are fast in practice. Our results on several benchmark datasets demonstrate that our algorithm is competitive to methods such as MCMC, while being much faster.


              Two-Phase Dynamic Analysis of Message-Passing Go Programs based on Vector Clocks. (arXiv:1807.03585v1 [cs.PL])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Martin Sulzmann, Kai Stadtmueller

    Understanding the run-time behavior of concurrent programs is a challenging task. A popular approach is to establish a happens- before relation via vector clocks. Thus, we can identify bugs and per- formance bottlenecks, for example, by checking if two con icting events may happen concurrently. We employ a two-phase method to derive vector clock information for a wide range of concurrency features that includes all of the message-passing features in Go. The rst phase (instrumentation and tracing) yields a run-time trace that records all events related to message-passing concurrency that took place. The second phase (trace replay) is carried out o ine and replays the recorded traces to infer vector clock information. Trace replay operates on thread-local traces. Thus, we can observe behav- ior that might result from some alternative schedule. Our approach is not tied to any speci c language. We have built a prototype for the Go programming language and provide empirical evidence of the usefulness of our method.


              Two-stage iterative Procrustes match algorithm and its application for VQ-based speaker verification. (arXiv:1807.03587v1 [cs.CV])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Richeng Tan, Jing Li

    In the past decades, Vector Quantization (VQ) model has been very popular across different pattern recognition areas, especially for feature-based tasks. However, the classification or regression performance of VQ-based systems always confronts the feature mismatch problem, which will heavily affect the performance of them. In this paper, we propose a two-stage iterative Procrustes algorithm (TIPM) to address the feature mismatch problem for VQ-based applications. At the first stage, the algorithm will remove mismatched feature vector pairs for a pair of input feature sets. Then, the second stage will collect those correct matched feature pairs that were discarded during the first stage. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed TIPM algorithm, speaker verification is used as the case study in this paper. The experiments were conducted on the TIMIT database and the results show that TIPM can improve VQ-based speaker verification performance clean condition and all noisy conditions.


              Convolutional neural network based automatic plaque characterization from intracoronary optical coherence tomography images. (arXiv:1807.03613v1 [cs.CV])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Shenghua He, Jie Zheng, Akiko Maehara, Gary Mintz, Dalin Tang, Mark Anastasio, Hua Li

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can provide high-resolution cross-sectional images for analyzing superficial plaques in coronary arteries. Commonly, plaque characterization using intra-coronary OCT images is performed manually by expert observers. This manual analysis is time consuming and its accuracy heavily relies on the experience of human observers. Traditional machine learning based methods, such as the least squares support vector machine and random forest methods, have been recently employed to automatically characterize plaque regions in OCT images. Several processing steps, including feature extraction, informative feature selection, and final pixel classification, are commonly used in these traditional methods. Therefore, the final classification accuracy can be jeopardized by error or inaccuracy within each of these steps. In this study, we proposed a convolutional neural network (CNN) based method to automatically characterize plaques in OCT images. Unlike traditional methods, our method uses the image as a direct input and performs classification as a single-step process. The experiments on 269 OCT images showed that the average prediction accuracy of CNN-based method was 0.866, which indicated a great promise for clinical translation.


              Recurrent Auto-Encoder Model for Large-Scale Industrial Sensor Signal Analysis. (arXiv:1807.03710v1 [cs.LG])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Timothy Wong, Zhiyuan Luo

    Recurrent auto-encoder model summarises sequential data through an encoder structure into a fixed-length vector and then reconstructs the original sequence through the decoder structure. The summarised vector can be used to represent time series features. In this paper, we propose relaxing the dimensionality of the decoder output so that it performs partial reconstruction. The fixed-length vector therefore represents features in the selected dimensions only. In addition, we propose using rolling fixed window approach to generate training samples from unbounded time series data. The change of time series features over time can be summarised as a smooth trajectory path. The fixed-length vectors are further analysed using additional visualisation and unsupervised clustering techniques. The proposed method can be applied in large-scale industrial processes for sensors signal analysis purpose, where clusters of the vector representations can reflect the operating states of the industrial system.


              Utility of General and Specific Word Embeddings for Classifying Translational Stages of Research. (arXiv:1705.06262v2 [cs.CL] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Vincent Major, Alisa Surkis, Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs

    Conventional text classification models make a bag-of-words assumption reducing text into word occurrence counts per document. Recent algorithms such as word2vec are capable of learning semantic meaning and similarity between words in an entirely unsupervised manner using a contextual window and doing so much faster than previous methods. Each word is projected into vector space such that similar meaning words such as "strong" and "powerful" are projected into the same general Euclidean space. Open questions about these embeddings include their utility across classification tasks and the optimal properties and source of documents to construct broadly functional embeddings. In this work, we demonstrate the usefulness of pre-trained embeddings for classification in our task and demonstrate that custom word embeddings, built in the domain and for the tasks, can improve performance over word embeddings learnt on more general data including news articles or Wikipedia.


              Weighted counting of integer points in a subspace. (arXiv:1706.05423v3 [math.CO] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Alexander Barvinok, Guus Regts

    Given complex numbers $w_1, \ldots, w_n$, we define the weight $w(X)$ of a set $X$ of non-negative integer $n$-vectors as the sum of $w_1^{x_1} \cdots w_n^{x_n}$ over all vectors $(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$ in $X$. We present an algorithm, which for a set $X$ of 0-1 vectors defined by a system of homogeneous linear equations with at most $r$ variables per equation and at most $c$ equations per variable, computes $w(X)$ within a relative error $\epsilon >0$ in $(rc)^{O(\ln n-\ln \epsilon)}$ time provided $|w_j| \leq \beta (r \sqrt{c})^{-1}$ for an absolute constant $\beta >0$ and all $j=1, \ldots, n$. A similar algorithm is constructed for computing the weight of a set of non-negative integer vectors satisfying linear constraints and the weight of a linear code over ${\Bbb F}_p$. Applications include counting weighted perfect matchings in hypergraphs, counting weighted graph homomorphisms, computing weight enumerators of linear codes with sparse code generating matrices and computing the partition function of the ferromagnetic Potts model at low temperatures.


              Convolutional Normalizing Flows. (arXiv:1711.02255v2 [cs.LG] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Guoqing Zheng, Yiming Yang, Jaime Carbonell

    Bayesian posterior inference is prevalent in various machine learning problems. Variational inference provides one way to approximate the posterior distribution, however its expressive power is limited and so is the accuracy of resulting approximation. Recently, there has a trend of using neural networks to approximate the variational posterior distribution due to the flexibility of neural network architecture. One way to construct flexible variational distribution is to warp a simple density into a complex by normalizing flows, where the resulting density can be analytically evaluated. However, there is a trade-off between the flexibility of normalizing flow and computation cost for efficient transformation. In this paper, we propose a simple yet effective architecture of normalizing flows, ConvFlow, based on convolution over the dimensions of random input vector. Experiments on synthetic and real world posterior inference problems demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method.


              Latent Factor Analysis of Gaussian Distributions under Graphical Constraints. (arXiv:1801.03481v4 [cs.IT] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Md Mahmudul Hasan, Shuangqing Wei, Ali Moharrer

    In this paper, we explore the algebraic structures of solution spaces for Gaussian latent factor analysis when the population covariance matrix $\Sigma_x$ has an additional latent graphical constraint, namely, a latent star topology. In particular, we give sufficient and necessary conditions under which the solutions to constrained minimum trace factor analysis (CMTFA) is still star. We further show that the solution to CMTFA under the star constraint can only have two cases, i.e. the number of latent variable can be only one (star) or $n-1$ where $n$ is the dimension of the observable vector, and characterize the solution for both the cases.


              Generic Zero-Cost Reuse for Dependent Types. (arXiv:1803.08150v3 [cs.PL] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Larry Diehl, Denis Firsov, Aaron Stump

    Dependently typed languages are well known for having a problem with code reuse. Traditional non-indexed algebraic datatypes (e.g. lists) appear alongside a plethora of indexed variations (e.g. vectors). Functions are often rewritten for both non-indexed and indexed versions of essentially the same datatype, which is a source of code duplication.

    We work in a Curry-style dependent type theory, where the same untyped term may be classified as both the non-indexed and indexed versions of a datatype. Many solutions have been proposed for the problem of dependently typed reuse, but we exploit Curry-style type theory in our solution to not only reuse data and programs, but do so at zero-cost (without a runtime penalty). Our work is an exercise in dependently typed generic programming, and internalizes the process of zero-cost reuse as the identity function in a Curry-style theory.


               Computation of topological numbers via linear algebra: hypersurfaces, vector fields and vector fields on hypersurfaces.       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Giraldo Suárez, Luis y Gómez-Mont, X. y Mardešic, P. (1999) Computation of topological numbers via linear algebra: hypersurfaces, vector fields and vector fields on hypersurfaces. In Complex geometry of groups. Contemporary Mathematics (240). American Mathematical Society, Providence, pp. 175-182. ISBN 0-8218-1381-1
               Vector bundles on G(1,4) without intermediate cohomology       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Arrondo Esteban, Enrique y Graña Otero, Beatriz (1999) Vector bundles on G(1,4) without intermediate cohomology. Journal of Algebra, 214 (1). pp. 128-142. ISSN 0021-8693
               Vectorial Darboux transformations for the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Liu, Q. P. y Mañas Baena, Manuel (1999) Vectorial Darboux transformations for the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy. Journal of nonlinear science, 9 (2). pp. 213-232. ISSN 0938-8974
              Glitch.news brings you the latest advancements, glitches and controversies from the world of tech      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    (Natural News) Do you know what’s really going on in the world of technology, or do you just think you do? When it comes to the latest gadgets, robots or AI, many are loath to admit when something goes awry. But like anything else, new technology should be taken with a grain of salt — and...

              Indignado: Cibiogem y el negocio de los mosquitos transgénicos ....Silvia Ribeiro*      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Silvia Ribeiro*




    Les urgía. Ante la inminencia del cambio de autoridades, la Comisión Intersecretarial de Bioseguridad de los Organismos Genéticamente Modificados (Cibiogem) se apresuró a lanzar una convocatoria para crear mosquitos transgénicos con fines comerciales. No para analizar riesgos y considerar si deberían liberarse al ambiente, como sería el rol de una comisión gubernamental de bioseguridad ante una tecnología de alto riesgo, sino lo contrario, para alentar la creación de mosquitos transgénicos y subsidiar con dinero público a empresas nacionales o extranjeras que, como dice explícitamente el llamado, lo puedan patentar y vender. Cibiogem, después de una década de aprobar que Monsanto nos fumigue y alimente con agrotóxicos cancerígenos como el glifosato, se convirtió de pronto en paladín de la salud: el llamado, afirma, es porque existen pruebas de que los mosquitos transgénicos han sido exitosos en el combate del dengue. Esto es directamente falso: las evidencias muestran lo contrario (https://tinyurl.com/yc83wuuw).

    La convocatoria pública está abierta hasta fin de julio de 2018, para luego firmar un convenio con la opción elegida por Cibiogem, poco antes del cambio de gobierno, pero con una duración de tres años (https://tinyurl.com/y95lj6g7). Entre las muchas aberraciones del llamado está que Cibiogem no tiene mandato para este tipo de actividades, que implican desarrollar proyectos con el propósito de crear o favorecer a una empresa con fines de lucro para construir transgénicos como negocio. Además, implica experimentar con mosquitos transgénicos en la naturaleza, para lo cual se debe solicitar autorización a la Cibiogem, que será entonces juez y parte.

    Decir convocatoria pública es una formalidad, porque está hecha de forma tan estrecha que parece diseñada para subsidiar con fondos públicos a alguna compañía y/o grupo académico al cual se ha contactado previamente, ya que los requisitos son muy complejos de cumplir en muy poco tiempo. Podría ser un contrato con la compañía Oxitec (propiedad de la empresa estadunidense de biología sintética Intrexon) o quizá con algún grupo promovido por la Fundación Bill y Melinda Gates. Podría también ser un estímulo a proyectos que existen –con apoyo del ejército de Estados Unidos– para desarrollar mosquitos con impulsores genéticos ( gene drives), tecnología altamente riesgosa y controvertida diseñada para extinguir especies enteras (https://tinyurl.com/ybtrud4y).

    Llaman a desarrollar mosquitos transgénicos para combatir al dengue y otras enfermedades transmitidas por el mosquito Aedes Aegypti, con construcciones genéticas para disminuir las poblaciones de ese mosquito, impedir biológicamente que sean vectores de enfermedades o para que produzcan descendencia monosexual (sólo machos), ya que son las hembras las que pican. En este último caso abren la puerta a experimentar en México los impulsores genéticos, una técnica para engañar las leyes naturales de la herencia y conseguir que un carácter transgénico se expanda rápidamente, dirigida a manipular especies silvestres y diseñada para reproducirse agresivamente en el medio ambiente. El Convenio de Diversidad Biológica discute esta misma semana sobre los impactos de tal tecnología, cuya liberación no ha sido autorizada en ninguna parte del mundo (https://tinyurl.com/hp2gph5).

    La convocatoria cita como ejemplo exitoso el de los mosquitos transgénicos de Oxitec (OX513A), con los que la empresa ha hecho pruebas en Malasia, Panamá, Islas Caymán y Brasil. Los resultados reales de sus experimentos –no la propaganda de la empresa a la que se refiere Cibiogem– muestran altísimos costos, falta de consulta a las comunidades afectadas y, sobre todo, ninguna evidencia de reducción del dengue u otras enfermedades e incluso ¡aumento de los mosquitos transmisores!

    El modelo de operación de Oxitec ha sido conseguir una contraparte universitaria y/o institución pública, incluyendo municipios, para liberar mosquitos con letalidad condicionada, supuestamente sólo machos (las hembras son las que pican y trasmiten la enfermedad) que aunque se crucen, no puedan desarrollar cría. Para ello liberan miles de millones de mosquitos transgénicos para abrumar a los ejemplares locales, muchísimo menores en número, pero se han escapado miles de hembras picadoras. Las pruebas en Malasia fueron suspendidas por incertidumbre sobre los impactos y por altos costos. En Panamá fueron suspendidas por razones similares. En Brasil, aunque la muy parcial comisión de bioseguridad (CNTBio) aprobó experimentos, las autoridades de inocuidad en salud (Anvisa) no lo han permitido. Un documento reciente de la organización GeneWatch, basado en informes obtenidos por el acta de libertad de información, muestra que en Islas Caymán la población de mosquitos hembras (picadoras, trasmisoras de enfermedad) en las áreas de experimentación ¡aumentó 150 por ciento! La idea del negocio es captar los fondos dedicados a prevención de salud en municipios para desviarlos a estos dudosos proyectos, que además de no ser eficaces contra la enfermedad, son de alto riesgo para la salud de los ecosistemas. Urge cancelar esta absurda convocatoria.

    *Investigadora del Grupo ETC

    vía:http://www.jornada.com.mx/2018/07/07/opinion/018a1eco

              Honeywell TL116A1016 Electronic Line Voltage Thermostat - 120/240 Volts - 12.5 Amps      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Product SpecificationsApplication:Electric Heating: Baseboard heater, Convector or Fan-forced HeaterDimensions (in.):5.0 in. X 3.05 in. X 2.4 in.Dimensions (mm)127 mm x 77 mm x 60 mmComments:Battery-free. Min & Max temperature locksMounting:Verti...[Read More]
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              Avologi InfoTech Pvt Ltd : Graphic Design, Vector Graphic, 2S Animation - Avologi InfoTech Pvt Ltd - Bengaluru, Karnataka      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Work on the development of a visual style, design and overall look of any project Create beautiful characters, assets, and environments to be rolled out into... ₹4,00,000 - ₹6,00,000 a year
    From Headhonchos - Tue, 10 Jul 2018 18:20:32 GMT - View all Bengaluru, Karnataka jobs
              GIS Specialist - SNC-LAVALIN INFRASTRUCTURE - Saskatoon, SK      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Performing analysis on vector, raster, and tabular datasets. Creating and maintaining vector, raster, and tabular data and databases....
    From SNC-LAVALIN INFRASTRUCTURE - Fri, 06 Apr 2018 23:15:52 GMT - View all Saskatoon, SK jobs
              Riggers / Technical Animators - Beenox - Applicant Bank - Activision - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    A knowledge of the 3D-related mathematics (matrix, vectors, etc.). Beenox is a video game development studio created in 2000....
    From Activision - Sun, 08 Jul 2018 05:29:43 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              PROGRAMMEUR(EUSE) DE JEUX CONSOLE / CONSOLE GAME PROGRAMMER - Frima Studio - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Familiar with mathematical concepts applied to videogames (trigonometry, vector algebra, matrix calculus, etc);...
    From Frima Studio - Thu, 07 Jun 2018 10:10:26 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              Ingénieur Conception Électronique - Electronic Design Engineer - Ciena - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Hands-on experience with RF test instruments such as Vector Network Analyser Spectrum Analyser and High-speed Oscilloscope strongly desired....
    From Ciena - Fri, 18 May 2018 20:15:09 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              RF Design Engineer - Ciena - Québec City, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Hands-on experience with RF test instruments such as Vector Network Analyser Spectrum Analyser and High-speed Oscilloscope. We believe in the power of people....
    From Ciena - Tue, 13 Mar 2018 05:25:49 GMT - View all Québec City, QC jobs
              Ingénieur électrique - Lion - Saint-Jérôme, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Posséder des connaissances sur les notions CAN bus et logiciel CANalyzer (suite Vector). Nous sommes présentement à la recherche d’un Ingénieur électrique afin...
    From LION - Sat, 21 Apr 2018 07:30:16 GMT - View all Saint-Jérôme, QC jobs
              Ingénieur électrique - Technologie Hypertronic Inc - Blainville, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Posséder des connaissances sur les notions CAN bus et logiciel CANalyzer (suite Vector). Nous sommes présentement à la recherche d’un ingénieur électrique afin...
    From Indeed - Fri, 22 Jun 2018 15:44:26 GMT - View all Blainville, QC jobs
              Scientifique de données en mégadonnées - Intact - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Maîtrise des techniques analytiques appliquées (clustering, decision trees, neural networks, SVM (support vector machines), collaborative filtering, k-nearest...
    From Intact - Sat, 30 Jun 2018 18:58:20 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              UI/UX VISUAL DESIGNER - Intelerad - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    With that done, it’s time to turn some rough sketches into polished vector icons for a new app feature. Do you want to join a great team working on designing a...
    From Intelerad - Tue, 19 Jun 2018 03:10:11 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Lead - Cyber Security - SNC-LAVALIN INFRASTRUCTURE - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Knowledge of the profiles of the actors and the vectors of threats as well as the mechanisms of attack eg. Chez SNC-Lavalin, groupe transports collectifs et...
    From SNC-LAVALIN INFRASTRUCTURE - Fri, 15 Jun 2018 23:16:00 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Unity® / C# Developer - LVL Studio - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    3D development (Unity 3D, OpenGL, maths, matrices, quaternions, vector, etc.). Unity® / C# Developer....
    From LVL Studio - Fri, 15 Jun 2018 01:17:11 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Illustrateur (trice) / Illustrator - Woozworld - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Skill to optimize vector visual elements. Mastering 2D vector graphic production with Adobe Illustrator or Animate. Working at Woozworld....
    From Woozworld - Thu, 07 Jun 2018 22:26:18 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Full Stack Developer - Thales - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Led by Thales, cortAIx, in collaboration with the MILA (Artificial Intelligence Institute of Quebec), the IVADO (Institute of Data Valorization) and the Vector...
    From Thales - Sat, 19 May 2018 10:06:24 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              Front End Developer - eXplorance - Montréal, QC      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Restful API), Web Font Embedding, Scalable Vector Graphics (aka SVG), Responsive Web Design, Object-Oriented Programming, JavaScript Animation, CSS Animation,...
    From Indeed - Thu, 19 Apr 2018 19:54:57 GMT - View all Montréal, QC jobs
              인터넷 정보검색기법 TREC 세계검색컨퍼런스 인터넷 정보검색 인터넷 정보검색기법의 분류 인터넷 정보검색기법의 평가 인터넷 정보검색기법의 선택 인터넷 정보검색기법과 TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스) 분석      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    인터넷 정보검색과 검색엔진, 인터넷 정보검색과 정보검색, 인터넷 정보검색 검색수법, 인터넷 정보검색 웹사이트, 인터넷 정보검색 데이터베이스(DB), 인터넷 정보검색 XML,인터넷 정보검색 TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스)인터넷 정보검색효율의 측정방법, 인터넷 정보검색효율과 최적화, 인터넷 정보검색효율과 인덱스기법, 인터넷 정보검색효율과 TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스), 인터넷 정보검색효율과 시그니쳐트리, 데이터베이스(DB) 분석인터넷 정보검색효율과 인덱싱, 인터넷 정보검색효율과 이미지특징, 인터넷 정보검색효율과 TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스), 인터넷 정보검색효율과 한국특허데이터베이스, 인터넷 정보검색효율과 일본특허데이터베이스인터넷 정보검색시스템과 정보검색수법, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 질의 트리, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 XML링크, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스), 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 범죄검색시스템인터넷정보검색과 WWW(월드와이드웹), 인터넷정보검색과 검색엔진, 인터넷정보검색과 TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스), 인터넷정보검색과 인덱싱, 인터넷정보검색과 정보봉사, 인터넷정보검색과 색인언어 분석인터넷 정보검색시스템과 정보검색, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 검색수법, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 CD-ROM(씨디롬), 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스), 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 PRC 분석 Ⅰ. 개요 Ⅱ. 인터넷 정보검색기법의 분류 1. 1차적 구분(분류) 1) Exact match(완전일치검색) 2) Partial match(부분일치방법) 2. 부분일치 검색(Partial match)(기법 내에서의 분류) 1) 개별검색기법(Individual) 2) 네트웍검색기법(Network) 3. 개별검색기법(Individual)(기법 내에서의 분류(구분)) 1) Structure-based(구조기반기법) 2) Feature- based(특성기반 기법) 4. Exact match(완전일치 기법) 5. Partial match techniques(부분일치기법) 1) Formal 2) Vector space model 6. Probabilistic model(확률모델) 7. Fuzzy set(퍼지이론) 8. Ad hoc(애드 혹 모델) Ⅲ. 인터넷 정보검색기법의 평가 Ⅳ. 인터넷 정보검색기법의 선택 1. 통합시스템(DBMS와 IR)의 구축기술 2. 전문가 정보검색 대리인 및 시스템 3. 멀티미디어 및 통합정보 시스템 1) DBMS와 IR은 데이터 관리방법과 질문의 처리방법 등에서 서로 다른 특성과 목적을 지니고 있기 때문에 2) 두 시스템은 각기 서로 다른 검색기법과 인터페이스를 제공함으로 다양한 계층의 이용자들 및 다양한 문제를 해결하려는 동일 이용자들에게 적합한 시스템 Ⅴ. 인터넷 정보검색기법과 TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스) 1. TREC의 현황 2. TREC의 태스크 1) 루팅 태스크(The routing task) 2) 특별 태스크(The ad hoc task) 3) 트랙(the track) 참고문헌 Ⅰ. 개요 QBIC은 현재까지 선보인 내용기반 이미지 검색기법 중에서 가장 성공적인 기법으로 알려져 있다. 색상 모양 질감을 이용한 특징 데이터표현방법을 사용하며 색인기법은 R*트리를 이용한다. VisualSEEk과 Chabot는 색상에 의한 검색만 가능하였고 WALRUS는 변환함수로 웨이브릿 계수를 이용하여 검색한다. 이러한 기존의 대부분 시스템은 고차원 데이터에 대한 색인구조를 고려하지 않아 검색속도 및 저장공간에 대한 효율성이 떨어지며. 또한 정확한 검색결과를 나타내지 못했다. 따라서 이미지의 정확한 검색결과와 향상된 검색속도를 얻기 위해서는 좀 더 고차원적인 특징 데이타 표현방법과 이를 위한 효율적인 인덱스구조가 필요하다. 이미지의 내용을 표현하는 방법으로 색상 모양 질감 등과 같은 특징 데이타를 이용하고 있다. 색상 특징 데이타는 칼라 히스토그램을 사용하는 방법이 일반적이다. 그러나 이 방법은 공간관계를 나타낼 수 없기 때문에 공간 관계를 나타내기 위한 방법인 CCV(Color Coherence Vector)방법이 제안되었다. 또한 모양 특징 데이터 표현방법에서 중요한 사항은 추출된 모양의 크기 회전에 영향을 받지 않아야 동일한 이미지 검색이 가능하다. 추출방법에는 다각형 표현 방법 푸리에 계수를 사용하는 방법 웨이블릿 계수를 사용하는 방법 등이 있다. 내용기반 이미지 검색을 위해 기존의 다차원 공간 인덱스 기법에 대해 많은 연구가 진행되어 왔다. R-트리 계열 인덱스들은 최소 경계영역을 사각형 모양으로 표현하여 최근접 질의 등의 공간 질의에는 적합하지 않다. 이러한 문제점을 해결하기 위해 구(sphere) 모양으로 최소 경계영역을 표현하는 SS-트리가 제안되었으나 사각형 보다 구가 더 많은 볼륨을 차지하여 겹침 영역이 증가하는 문제점이 있다. SR-트리는 R*-트리와 SS-트리의 장점을 통합한 구조를 제안하였다. 그러나 이러한 다차원 색인 기법들은 고차원 데이타에 대해서는 많은 검색시간과 기억공간이 요구되어 순차적으로 검색하는 것보다 더 효율적이지 않아 색인구조로서의 기능을 상실하게 된다. 고차원 데이터에 대한 해결방안으로 차원을 중요성의 순서로 정렬하여 각 레벨에서 차원의 수를 가변적으로 사용하는 TV-트리 겹침-최소 분할 기법과 슈퍼 노드를 사용하는 X-트리 등이 제안되었다. Ⅱ. 인터넷 정보검색기법의 분류 분류의 관점 ; 검색된 도큐먼트들의 특징 및 이들에 사용된 표현 방법 1. 1차적 구분(분류) 완전일치(Exact match)와 부분일치(Partial match) 1) Exact match(완전일치검색) 검색된 도큐먼트들의 표현(representation)이 질문의 표현과 완전하게 일치된 것만 검색이 되는 경우 2) Partial match(부분일치방법) 검색된 도큐먼트들의 표현이 질문의 표현과 부분적으로 일치된 경우의 것들로 함께 검색이 되는 경우 2. 부분일치 검색(Partial match)(기법 내에서의 분류) 1) 개별검색기법(Individual) 이용자 질의를 각각의 개별 도큐먼트들과 비교 하는 방식 ◇ 김영귀 탐구적 검색기법으로서의 브라우징 한국도서관 정보학회 1990 ◇ 송주헌 데이타 유형에 따른 효율적인 검색 기법의 선정 방안 동국대학교 1995 ◇ 신동호 외 1명 2단계 모델을 이용한 TREC ad hoc 실험 한국정보과학회 1999 ◇ 이경하 외 2명 키워드 질의를 이용한 순위화된 웹 서비스 검색 기법 한국전자거래학회 2008 ◇ 최상민 시맨틱 웹 기술을 이용한 검색기법 연구 한양대학교 2007 ◇ Yousub Hwang 웹서비스 저장소의 검색기법에 관한 실증적 연구 한국지능정보시스템학회 2010 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 검색엔진, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 정보검색, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 적합평가, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 인덱싱, 인터넷 정보검색시스템과 WWW(월드와이드웹), TREC(세계검색컨퍼런스)[인터넷검색엔진][검색엔진]인터넷검색엔진의 개념, 인터넷검색엔진의 분류, 인터넷검색엔진의 기능과 인터넷검색엔진의 검색기법, 인터넷검색엔진의 검색방법 및 과거부터 현재까지의 인터넷검색엔진 분석[인터넷검색엔진] 인터넷검색엔진의 개념과 특성, 인터넷검색엔진의 분류, 인터넷검색엔진의 색인방법과 데이터베이스, 인터넷검색엔진의 검색기법, 인터넷검색엔진의 사이트 종류와 특징에 관한 분석[가상교육] 가상교육의 발전 과정, 필요성, 특성과 가상교육의 지원시스템, 원격교육, 학습방법 및 가상교육의 쟁점 그리고 향후 가상교육의 발전 방안 분석[교육공학] 호주와 뉴질랜드의 E-learning(이러닝)[유통관리사시험] 유통관리사2급모의고사및2006년~2008년2차시험및핵심요약[데이터마이닝] 데이터마이닝의 처리과정, 데이터마이닝의 기술 활용, 데이터마이닝 활용 사례, 데이터마이닝의 한계점, 데이터마이닝의 주의사항에 관한 심층 분석학습훈련[졸업][컴퓨터공학] Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0과 Visual Basic .NET의 호환성 분석[원격교육] 한국 원격교육에서의 문제점 분석 및 제언[교육학] 미국 원격교육원격교육의 발달과정에 대해서..[이러닝] 사이버 교육(인터넷 교육)의 특징과 실태 및 관련 이론을 통해 본 효과적 운영 방안 분석인공지능 조회수:379회
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    [화학공학실험및설계] 유체 마찰 손실[화학공학실험및설계] 유동화 실험[화학공학실험] 레이놀즈 Reynolds 수[화학공학실험및설계] 유동화 실험 설계[화학공학실험] Reynolds 수[화학공학실험] 레이놀즈수(Reynolds number) 실험목적 실험원리 실험방법 실험결과 결과분석 참고문헌 실험목적(Object) 층류와 난류를 구분하는 무차원수인 Reynolds 수를 유량측정을 통하여 구하여 보고 이때 유체의 흐름 상태를 가시적으로 관찰한다. 실험원리(Principle) 일차원 흐름(One-Dimensional flow) 속도는 벡터(vector)이다. 일반적으로 한 점에서의 속도는 각 공간좌표에 대하여 하나씩 세 성분을 가진다. 간단한 상황에서는 속도장에서의 속도 벡터가 모두 다 평행이거나 평행이라고 보아도 좋을 때가 많은데 이때는 하나의 속도 성분만이 필요하므로 이를 스칼라(scalar)로 간주한다. 이러한 상황은 일반적 벡터장에 비하여 아주 간단한데 이를 일차원흐름이라 한다. 예로서 곧은 관에서의 흐름을 들 수 있다. . . 층류(Laminar flow) 층흐름이라도고 한다. 공기가 흐트러지지 않고 움직이는 것을 말한다. 난류는 그 반대이다. 예를 들면 가는 파이프에 물을 흘릴 경우 잉크를 넣어 흐름의 상태를 관측하면 유속에 따라 레이놀즈수가 작을 때는 잉크의 흐름이 층류이다. 또 담배를 피우면 담배에서 발생한 연기는 처음에는 거의 일자로 올라가다가 어느 정도 지나면 흐트러진 모습으로 퍼진다. 속도가 작을 때 유체는 측방 혼합(lateral mixing)이 없이 흐르게 된다. 마치 카드놀이에서처럼 인접한 층이 다른 층을 미끄러져 흐른다. 여기에는 교차흐름(crosscurrent)이나 에디가 없다. 이러한 상태를 층류라 한다. 단위조작 / Warren. L.Mcabe외 2명 / 한국 맥그로힐 / 2003 / p41~59 단위조작입문 / 박창호외 4명 / 지인당 / 2001 / p55~64 단위조작실험 / 고완석외 1명 / 학연사 / 2003 / p37~p42 [화학공학]Reynolds 수 실험보고서[화학공학실험및설계] 증류탑 실험[화학공학실험및설계] 열전도율 측정[화학공학실험및설계] 직렬 교반 반응[화학공학실험및설계] 관류 흐름 반응[화학공학실험및설계] 압력제어[화학공학실험및설계] 습벽탑[화학공학 실험 및 설계] 유동화 실험[화학공학실험 및 설계] 기액평형화학공학실험 레이놀즈수 실험 예비레포트[화학공학] 음식물 쓰레기를 이용한 바이오에탄올 생성에 필요한 반응기 설계 및 경제성 평가[화학공학실험및설계] 증류탑 실험[화학공학실험및설계] 유동화 실험 설계화학공학 실험 - 레이놀즈수( Reynolds 실험) 실험 조회수:953회
              Simulation Technology (시뮬레이션 수업 숙제)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    [인터넷활용교육] 인터넷 활용 교육의 현황과 향후 과제 및 제언(사례 중심)[교육학] 교육학 개론기업의 교육훈련제도 분석이력서-자기소개서-면접족보총람[교육학] 통일교육의 바람직한 방안[교육심리] 집단학습기법의 수업 좀 더 업그레이드하여 자료를 보완하여 과제물을 꼼꼼하게 정성을 들어 작성했습니다. 위 자료 요약정리 잘되어 있으니 잘 참고하시어 학업에 나날이 발전이 있기를 기원합니다 ^^ 구입자 분의 앞날에 항상 무궁한 발전과 행복과 행운이 깃들기를 홧팅 Simulation Technology (1) Show Navier -Stokes equations provide the physical meaning of each term and explain the difference between Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions. The Cauchy momentum equation is a vector partial di fferential equation that describes the non - relativistic momentum transport in any continuum: fDt vD or fvvt v )( where is the density of the continuum is the stress tensor and f is the body forces. v is the velocity vector field which depends on time and space. The stress tensor can be split into pressure and the deviatoric stress tensor: p where is the identity matrix and the deviatoric stress tensor. The divergence of the stress tensor can be written as p . The Navier-Stokes equation can be derived by the Cauchy momentum equation and specifying the stress tensor through a constitutive relation. By expressing the shear stress in terms of viscosity and fluid velocity and assuming constant density and viscosity the Cauchy momentum equation lead s to the Navier-Stokes equations. Considering an incompressible flow of a Newtonian fluid the Navier-Stokes equations in vector form: fvpvvt v 2 The shear stress term becomes v2 where is the dynamic viscosity. The physical meaning of each term: The convective terms are nonlinear for incompressible Newtonian flow. The convective acceleration is caused by a change in velocity over position. Though fluid particles are accelerated and thus are unsteady the flow field will not necessarily be time depe ndent. The viscosity is represented by the vector-Laplacian of the velocity field. This implies that Newtonian viscosity is diffusion of momentum. 교육공학의 유형, 교육공학의 역사, 교육공학의 영역, 교육공학 장단점, 교육공학과 구성주의학습환경, 교육공학과 자기규제적학습, 교육공학 과제[교육공학] 교육공학의 이론의 정리와 교육공학의 미래의 전망[학사]인터넷 교육 활동을 통한 자기주도적 정보활용능력 신장 방안[통일교육, 학교통일교육] 통일교육의 기본목표, 필요성, 지도 원칙과 통일교육의 현황, 문제점 및 통일교육의 새로운 접근모형 그리고 통일교육의 방향, 통일교육의 과제 심층 분석[교육공학] 교육공학 용어분석[교육공학] ICT 교육[교육공학] 교육공학의 개념, 형태, 연구영역, 필요성[교수설계] 인간자원개발모형에서의 자료개발교육공학에 관한 고찰[교육학] 12장. 개별 레슨 설계교육공학의 개념, 교육공학의 발달과정, 교육공학의 연구법, 체제과학의 교육공학적 접근, 미디어교육의 교육공학적 접근, 디지털 교과서 설계의 교육공학적 접근, 구조적 의사교류법의 교육공학적 접근 분석[교육공학][교육][공학]교육공학의 정의, 교육공학의 형태, 교육공학의 역사, 교육공학의 역할, 교육공학의 영역, 교육공학의 질적 향상 요소, 교육공학의 자료수집에 관한 분석컴퓨터보조학습(CAI,컴퓨터보조수업)개념,종류, 컴퓨터보조학습(CAI,컴퓨터보조수업)중요성,장점, 컴퓨터보조학습(CAI,컴퓨터보조수업)사례,비평[교육공학]교육공학의 정의, 유형, 발달사, 장단점, 교육공학과 지원공학(특수교육공학), 교육공학과 포스트모더니즘 분석 조회수:15회
              전자기학 정리 서브노트      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    [레포트자료]환경과학개론요점정리서브노트교육학 서브노트[교육심리학, 교육심리학 요약] 교육심리학 A+ 요점정리 서브노트[체육과학] 체육과학 요점정리 서브노트[유체기계] 유체기계 요점정리 서브노트[교육학개론, 교육학] 교육학개론 핵심정리 서브노트 좀 더 업그레이드하여 자료를 보완하여 과제물을 꼼꼼하게 정성을 들어 작성했습니다. 위 자료 요약정리 잘되어 있으니 잘 참고하시어 학업에 나날이 발전이 있기를 기원합니다 ^^ 제1장. Vector의 해석 1. 스칼라와 벡터 1) 스칼라 : 크기만을 가진 양 길이 질량 온도 전위 자위 에너지 등 2) 벡터 : 크기와 방향을 가지고 있는 성분 ⇒ 운동계 힘 속도 가속도 전계 자계 토크(회전력) 3) 벡터의 표기 {boldA} = dot bold A =A{bold a_o} = 크기×단위벡터(방향) *단위벡터:크기가 1이면서 방향성분을 나타내는 벡터 ① 전계의 세기 {boldE}= Q over{4pi epsilon_o r}^2 {boldr}_o =9TIMES 10^9 TIMES Q over r^2 {boldr}_o rm V/m ② 자계의 세기 boldH= m over{4pi mu _o r}^2 {boldr}_o =6.33 TIMES 10^4 TIMES m over r^2 {boldr}_o rm AT/m 2. 벡터의 종류 1) 기본벡터 크기가 1이면서 각 좌표의 방향을 나타내는 방향성분 벡터 ① 직각좌표 (공간좌표) {boldi}``⇒ ``x 축 방향 표시 벡터 {boldj}``⇒``y 축 방향 표시 벡터 {boldk}``⇒``z 축 방향 표시 벡터 임의의 벡터 bold A 의 좌표 rm (x ~y ~z) 이 (A_x ~A_y ~A_z ) 인 좌표를 지난다면 {rm bold A}}=A_{x}bold i +A_{y} bold j +A_{z} bold k 로 표현할 수 있다. ② 원통좌표 좌표점 : p``(r ~ phi ~z) 기본 Vector :bold {a_{r} ~a_{phi} ~a_{z}} 벡터{ bold A}}=A_r bold a_{r} +A_phi bold a_phi +A_z bold a_{z} ③ 구좌표계 좌표점 : P``(r ~ theta ~phi) 기본 Vector : bold {a_{r} ~a_{theta} ~a_{phi}} 벡터bold {dot A} =A_{r}bolda_{r} +A_{theta} bold a_{theta} +A_{phi} bold a_{phi} 2) 단위벡터(Unit Vector) : 크기가 1인 벡터를 말하며 boldi boldj bold k 를 포함한다. 임의의 벡터{boldA}=A_x {boldi}+A_y {boldj}+A_z bold k 라 하면 이 벡터의 크기는 A=SQRT{A_x ^2 +A_y ^2 +A_z ^2 } 이므로 {bolda}_0 = boldA over A = {A_x boldi +A_y boldj +A_z boldk}over SQRT{A_x` ^2 +A_y` ^2 +A_z` ^2 } = A_x over A {boldi} + A_y over A {boldj} + A_z overA {boldk} = {bolda}_x {boldi}+a_y {boldj}+a_z boldk 보기)bold E = 3 bold i + 4 bold j + 5 bold k rm V/m 일 때 단위 벡터를 계산하라 해설)E = root{ 3^2 + 4^2 + 5^2 } = root50 이므로 bold r_o = bold E over E = { 3 bold i + 4 bold j + 5 bold k } over root 50 = {3} over root50 bold i + {4} over root50 bold j + {5} over root50 bold k image 0.424 bold i + 0.565 bold j + 0.707 bold k 3) 법선벡터 [교육심리학, 교육심리] 교육심리학 핵심정리 서브노트[투자론, 증권투자론] 투자론 요점정리 서브노트[경제학원론, 경제학원론 시험] 경제학원론 핵심정리 서브노트[교육철학, 교육철학 요약] 교육철학 핵심정리 서브노트[국어사] 국어사(중세국어) 핵심정리 서브노트[생산관리, 생산운영관리, 생산 운영관리] 생산관리 요점정리 서브노트[교육행정 및 교육경영, 교육행정 및 경영] 교육행정 및 교육경영 핵심정리 서브노트헌법서브노트 요약[중국문학사, 중국의 문학사] 중국문학사 시험대비 서브노트[서양근대사] 서양근대사 요점정리 서브노트[산업보건] 산업보건 요점정리 서브노트[국어형태론] 국어형태론 요점정리 서브노트[국제행정론] 국제행정론 요점정리 서브노트[동양외교사] 동양외교사 요점정리 서브노트 조회수:5회
              Sketch to vector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    i need recreate as simple sketch in vector format for print. budget is $5 with 5 stars. more work will be come soon. Need to start now. Thank you !!! (Budget: $5 USD, Jobs: Graphic Design, Illustration, Illustrator, Logo Design, Photoshop)
              Sketch to vector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    i need recreate as simple sketch in vector format for print. budget is $5 with 5 stars. more work will be come soon. Need to start now. Thank you !!! (Budget: $5 USD, Jobs: Graphic Design, Illustration, Illustrator, Logo Design, Photoshop)
              Optimizing a Python application with C++ code      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    I’ve been working lately in a command line application called Bard which is a music manager for your local music collection. Bard does an acoustic fingerprinting of your songs (using acoustid) and stores all song metadata in a sqlite database. With this, you can do queries and find song duplicates easily even if the songs are not correctly tagged. I’ll talk in another post more about Bard and its features, but here I wanted to talk about the algorithm to find song duplicates and how I optimized it to run around 8000 times faster.

    The algorithm

    To find out if two songs are similar, you have to compare their acoustic fingerprints. That seems easy (and in fact, it is), but it’s not as straightforward as it seems. A fingerprint (as acoustid calculates it) is not just a number, but an array of numbers, or better said, an array of bits, so you can’t just compare the numbers themselves, but you have to compare the bits in those numbers. If all bits are exactly the same, the songs are considered the same, if 99% of bits are the same then that means there’s a 99% chance it’s the same tune, maybe differing because of encoding issues (like one song being encoded as mp3 with 192 kbits/s and the other with 128 kbits/s).

    But there are more things to have in mind when comparing songs. Sometimes they have different silence lengths at the beginning or end, so the bits that we compare are not correctly aligned and they don’t match as they are calculated, but could match if we shifted one of the fingerprints a bit.

    This means that to compare two songs, we don’t just have to compare the two fingerprints, but then we have to simulate increasing/decreasing silence lengths at the beginning of a song by shifting its fingerprint and calculate the match level for each shift to see if we improve/worsen the similarity percentage.  Right now, Bard shiftes the array by 100 positions in one direction and then another 100 positions in the other direction, this means that for each song we have to compare the two fingerprints 200 times.

    Then, if we want to compare all of the songs in a collection to find duplicates, we need to compare the songs with ID 1 and 2, then we need to compare the song with ID 3 with IDs 1 and 2, and in general, each song with all previous ones. This means for a collection with 1000 songs we need to compare 1000*1001/2 = 500500 songs (or 100100000 fingerprints).

    The initial python implementation

    Bard is written in python, so my first implementation used a python list to store the array of integers from the fingerprint. For each iteration in which I have to shift the array numbers I prepend a 0 to one fingerprint array and then iterate over them comparing each element. To do this comparison, I xor the two elements and then use a standard good known algorithm to count the bits which are set in a integer:

    def count_bits_set(i):
        i = i – ((i >> 1) & 0x55555555)
        i = (i & 0x33333333) + ((i >> 2) & 0x33333333)
        return (((i + (i >> 4) & 0xF0F0F0F) * 0x1010101) & 0xffffffff) >> 24
    

    Let’s use the speed of this implementation as a reference and call it 1x.

    First improvement

    As a first improvement I tried replacing that bit counting algorithm with gmpy.popcount which was faster and also improved the algorithm by introducing a canceling threshold. This new algorithm stops comparing two fingerprints as soon as it’s mathematically impossible to have a match over the canceling threshold. So for example, if we are iterating the fingerprints and we calculate that even if all remaining bits would match we wouldn’t get at least a 55% match between songs, we just return “different songs” (but we still need to shift songs and try again, just in case).

    With these improvements (commit) the comparisons ran at nearly an exact 2x speed.

    Enter C++17

    At that time,  I thought that this code wouldn’t scale nicely with a large music collection, so I thought Bard needed a much better implementation. Modifying memory is slow and C/C++ allows for much fine grained low-level optimizations, but I didn’t want to rewrite the application in C++ so I used Boost.Python to implement just this algorithm in C++ and call it from the python application. I should say that I found really easy to integrate methods in C++ with Python and I absolutely recommend Boost.Python .

    With the new implementation in C++ (commit) I used STL’s vector to store the fingerprints and I added the maximum offsets in advance so I didn’t need to modify the vector elements during the algorithm and I access elements by simulating the shifting offsets. I also use STL’s map to store all fingerprints indexed on a song ID. Finally, I also added another important optimization which is using the CPU’s instructions to calculate bits set by using gcc’s __builtin_popcount.

    The best part of this algorithm is that during the comparison algorithm itself, no fingerprint is copied or modified, which translated in a speed of 126.47x . At this point I started calculating another measure: songs compared per second (remember we’re doing 200 fingerprints comparison for each pair of songs). This algorithm gave an average speed of 580 songs/second. Or put another way, to compare our example collection of 1000 songs, this would take 14 min 22 sec (note that we can calculate the original implementation in Python would take approximately 1 day, 6 hours, 16 minutes and 57 seconds).

    First try to parallelize the algorithm

    I use an i7 CPU to run Bard and I always thought it was a pity that it only used one CPU. Since the algorithm that compares two songs doesn’t modify their data anymore, I thought it might be interesting to parallelize it to allow it to run in all 8 cores at the same time and just coalesce the result of each independent iterations. So I wondered how to do it and noticed that when I compare each song with all previous ones, this is done using a for loop that iterates over a std::map containing all songs that are already processed. Wouldn’t it be nice to have a for-each loop implementation that runs each iteration on a different thread? Well, there is! std::for_each in C++17 allows to specify an ExecutionPolicy with which you can tell it to run the iterations in different threads. Now the bad news: This part of the standard is not completely supported by gcc yet.

    So I searched for a for_each implementation and found this stackoverflow question which included one. The problem is that the question mentions the implementation was copied from the C++ Concurrency in Action book and I’m not sure of the license of that code, so I can’t just copy it into Bard. But I can make some tests with it just for measurements purposes.

    This increased the speed to 1897x or ~8700 songs/second (1000 songs would be processed in 57 seconds). Impressive, isn’t it? Well… keep reading ��

    Second parallelization try

    So I needed to find a parallelized for_each version I could use. Fortunately I kept looking and found out that gcc includes an experimental parallel implementation of some algorithms in the C++ standard library which includes __gnu_parallel::for_each (there are more parallelized algorithms documented in that page). You just need to link to the openmp library.

    So I ran to change the code to use it and hit a problem: I used __gnu_parallel::for_each but every time I tested, it only ran sequentially! It took me a while to find out what was happening, but after reading the gcc implementation of __gnu_parallel::for_each I noticed it required a random access iterator, but I’m iterating on a std::map and maps have a bidirectional iterator, not a random-access one.

    So I changed the code (commit) to first copy the fingerprints from the std::map<int, std::vector<int>> to a std::vector<std::pair<int,std::vector<int>>> and with just that, the same __gnu_parallel::for_each line ran using a pool of 8 threads.

    The gcc implementation proved to be faster than the implementation in the stackoverflow question, with a speed of 2442x , ~11200 songs/second and 44 seconds.

    The obvious but important improvement I forgot about

    While looking at the compiler build Bard I noticed I wasn’t using compiler flags to optimize for speed! So I tested adding -Ofast -march=native -mtune=native -funroll-loops to the compiler (commit). Just that. Guess what happened…

    The speed raised to a very nice  6552x, ~30050 songs/second and 16 seconds.

    The Tumbleweed improvement I got for free

    I’m running openSUSE Tumbleweed in the system I use to develop which as you probably know, is a (very nice) rolling release distribution. One day, while doing these tests, Tumbleweed updated the compiler from gcc 7.3 to using gcc 8.1 by default. So I thought that deserved another measurements.

    Just changing the compiler to the newer version increased the speed to 7714x, 35380 songs/second and 14 seconds.

    The final optimization

    An obvious improvement I didn’t do yet was replacing the map with a vector so I don’t have to convert it before each for_each call. Also, vectors allow to reserve space in advance, and since I know the final size the vector will have at the end of the whole algorithm, I changed to code to use reserve wisely.

    This commit gave the last increase of speed, to 7998x, 36680 songs/second and would fully process a music collection of 1000 songs in just 13 seconds.

    Conclusion

    Just some notes I think are important to keep in mind from this experience:

    • Spend some time thinking how to optimize your code. It’s worth it.
    • If you use C++ and can afford to use a modern compiler, use C++17, it allows you to make MUCH better/nicer code, more efficiently. Lambdas, structured bindings, constexpr, etc. are really worth the time spent reading about them.
    • Allow the compiler to do stuff for you. It can optimize your code without any effort from your side.
    • Copy/Move data as little as possible. It’s slow and many times it can be avoided just by thinking a bit on data structures before starting developing.
    • Use threads whenever possible.
    • And probably the most important note: Measure everything. You can’t improve what you can’t measure (well, technically you can, but you won’t know for sure).

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    Sketch is an innovative and fresh look at vector drawing. Its intentionally minimalist design is based upon a drawing space of unlimited size and layers, free of palettes, panels, menus, windows, and controls. Though simple to use, it offers powerful vector drawing and text tools like perfect Boolean operations, symbols, and powerful rulers, guides, and grids.

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    Adobe Creative Cloud costs $19.99/month for a single app, or $49.99/month for the entire suite.

    Introducing Adobe Creative Cloud desktop applications, including Adobe Photoshop CC and Illustrator CC. They're the next generation of CS tools. Get hundreds of all-new features. Keep your entire creative world in sync: files, feedback from team members, fonts, settings, and updates. And, as always, your applications live on your desktop, not in a browser and not in the cloud.

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              선형대수학 선형대수학 3.3~3.4 연습문제 풀이 (대학원서) WILEY      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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              전자의정의 유전자 치료의 핵심기술 유전자 치료방법 유전자를 전달하는 방법 바이러스성 벡터 비바이러스성 벡터      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    줄기세포 연구동향유전자치료 정의, 유전자치료 동향, 유전자치료 문제점, 유전자치료 사례(인공장기,금연치료제), 유전자치료 사례(오더메이드 의료) 분석풀러렌의 응용[나노재료설계] HCV진단을 위한 DNA칩 제작[화학생물공학개론] 바이오테크놀로지[교육학]성교육의 이론과 실제 생명의 신비라는 수업을 들으며 유전자에 관해서 쓴 A+리포트입니다. 정성들여 쓴 리포트이니까 정말 좋은 자료로 유용하게 쓰일것입니다. 1. 유전자 치료의 정의 2. 유전자 치료의 핵심기술 3. 유전자 치료의 방법 3.1 유전자를 전달하는 방법에 따른 분류 3.2 유전자 전달체 종류에 따른 분류 3.2.1 바이러스성 벡터 a. 리트로 바이러스 (Retro Virus) b. 아데노 바이러스 (Adeno Virus) c. 헤르페스 바이러스 (HSV : Herpes Simplex Virus) d. 렌티바이러스 (Lentivirus) e. 아데노 관련 바이러스 (AAV : Adeno-Associated Virus) 3.2.2 비 바이러스성 벡터 - Naked DNA 4. 유전자 질환의 종류 a. 고셰병 b. 루푸스 c. 헌팅턴병 5. 유전자치료법의 윤리적 문제와 과제 6. 참고문헌 1. 유전자 치료의 정의 유전자 치료란 기존의 화학의약품이 아닌 DNA 재조합법을 이용하여 새로운 유전자를 환자의 세포안에 이식해서 불치병이나 난치병을 치료하는 첨단 생명공학기술이다. 대다수의 의약품들은 단순히 질병의 증상만을 치료하는 것에 비해 유전자치료는 세포에 특정한 기능을 가진 유전자를 투입하거나 세포의 유전적 결함을 보완하는 등의 질병의 원인을 치료한다는 점에서 화학의약품과 다른 성격을 가지고 있다. 유전자 치료는 1990년 중증복합면역결핍증(SCID: Severe Combined ImmunoDeficiency) 환자를 대상으로 최초로 임상실험 되었으나 큰 성과를 거두지 못하였다. 그러나 같은 해 9월 미국 국립위생연구소에서 아데노신 데아미나아제(ADA : Adenosine Deaminase) 결핍증 환자의 림프구에 ADA 유전자를 이식하는 치료를 시작으로 최근에는 루푸스 헌팅턴 후천성면역결핍증(AIDS) 등의 난치병 치료에 대한 유전자 치료 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. 이러한 유전자 치료법은 확실히 효과적이지만 아직 해결해야할 몇가지 문제들이 있는데 대표적으로 유전자질환을 일으키는 유전자의 Mapping과 Cloning 그 유전자들의 발현 조절 기작 그리고 새롭게 세팅된 유전자들을 세포안으로 도입시켜 발현시키는 효과적인 유전자 전달 시스템 개발을 들 수 있다. 2. 유전자 치료의 핵심기술 유전자치료의 핵심요소는 2가지로 요약할 수 있다. 1. 정확한 유전자 기능의 이해와 Mapping 2. 치료유전자를 안전하고 효율적으로 인체에 전달해 줄 수 있는 유전자 전달체 우선적으로 유전자의 기능과 그 유전자의 정확한 위치에 대한 연구가 필요하다. 약 10만개로 추정되는 유전자들 중 그 기능이 정확하게 알려진 것은 극소수에 불과하다. 유전자들은 각 객체가 최소한 한 가지 이상의 기능을 나타내기 때문에 정확한 정보없이 유전자치료를 시행하는 것은 또 다른 유전자질환을 야기할 수도 있다. 예를 들어 2000년에 미국 국립위생연구소에서 중증복합면역결핍증환자를 대상으로 한 임상실험에서 10명의 환자 중 9명은 증상이 호전되었으나 일부 환자에게서는 백혈병이 발생하였다. 또한 1999년 펜실베니아 대학에서 아데노바이러스를 이용한 임상실험 중 18세의 소년이 실험 중 면역작용 이상으로 사망한 경우도 있었다. 두 번째 장애물은 유전자 운반기구이다. 새로운 유전자가 체내로 삽입되는 과정은 벡터(vector)라고 하는 유전자 운반체를 통하여 이루어지는데 치료유전자를 환자의 세포내로 운반한다. 최근 가장 보편화된 벡터는 바이러스를 이용하는 것이다. 바이러스는 캡슐에 싸여 그 유전자를 사람의 세포내로 운반한다. 과학자들은 바이러스 생물학의 장점을 얻어서 질병유전자를 제거하고 치료유전자를 삽입하도록 조작하는 시도를 계속해 오고 있다. 바이러스는 효과적인 반면 신체에 있어서 독성 면역과 염증반응 및 유전자조절 등의 문제를 야기시킬 수도 있기 때문에 바이러스를 지질이나 단백질로 된 DNA 복합체로 대체하는 방법도 고려되고 있다. 최근에는 운반체에 의존하지 않고 순수한 DNA(Naked DNA)를 인체에 직접 투여하는 방법도 개발되었다. 3. 유전자 치료의 방법 유전자 치료는 기본적으로 유전자 전달체 (Vector:벡터)를 이용하여 치료유전자를 특정 위치에 정확하게 전달하고 그 유전자가 발현하여 단백질을 생성하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이상적인 유전자 전달체는 인체에 전혀 해가 없고 대량생산이 용이하며 효율적으로 유전자를 전달할 수 있어야 한다. 이 유전자 전달체를 이용한 유전자 치료의 방법은 유전자를 전달하는 방법과 유전자 전달체의 종류에 따라 크게 두 가지로 나눌수 있다. [컴퓨터바이러스, 컴퓨터바이러스백신] 컴퓨터바이러스의 정의, 컴퓨터바이러스의 유래, 컴퓨터바이러스의 종류, 컴퓨터바이러스의 현황 및 실태, 컴퓨터바이러스백신의 종류, 컴퓨터바이러스백신의 평가 분석(사례 중심)[나노재료설계] HCV진단을 위한 DNA칩 제작전달시스템 (Delivery system):Non-viral 에 관한 발표나노기술의 활용과 미래00과학 행사 탐방 -학생 과학탐구발표대회 및 전국 과학전람회[공학][생물화학공학][생명공학][생물공학][유전공학][소프트웨어공학][금융공학][교육공학][생물화학][생명][생물]생물화학공학, 생명공학, 생물공학, 유전공학, 소프트웨어공학, 금융공학, 교육공학 분석[영남대]21세기와 목재 , 21세기 목재 중간 기말 정리와 중간기말 시험 스샷 입니다.슈퍼컴퓨터[동물실험 찬반논의] 동물실험 찬성 입장 근거 동물실험 필요성어미블랙홀 우주론 - PDF 전자출판성과사랑뉴스속의 미생물 탐구일반생물학 정리-기린책BBC 인체대탐험 비디오 감상문입니다 조회수:2101회
              Counting fixed points free vector fields on $\mathbb{B}^{2}$. (arXiv:1807.03714v1 [math.GT])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Simeon T. Stefanov

    The number of diagrams of stationary points free vector fields in the 2-disk $\mathbb{B}^{2}$ is counted in the article. It is shown that the number of such diagrams with $2k$ exceptional points on the boundary $\mathbb{S}^{1}$ equals $3^{k-2}(C_{k}+2C_{k-1})$, where $C_{k}$ is the corresponding Catalan number. An algorithm for finding all such diagrams is discussed.


              Algebraic Voting Theory & Representations of $S_m \wr S_n$. (arXiv:1807.03743v1 [math.CO])      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Hélène Barcelo, Megan Bernstein, Sarah Bockting-Conrad, Erin McNicholas, Kathryn Nyman, Shira Viel

    We consider the problem of selecting an $n$-member committee made up of one of $m$ candidates from each of $n$ distinct departments. Using an algebraic approach, we analyze positional voting procedures, including the Borda count, as $\mathbb{Q}S_m \wr S_n$-module homomorphisms. In particular, we decompose the spaces of voter preferences and election results into simple $\mathbb{Q}S_m \wr S_n$-submodules and apply Schur's Lemma to determine the structure of the information lost in the voting process. We conclude with a voting paradox result, showing that for sufficiently different weighting vectors, applying the associated positional voting procedures to the same set of votes can yield arbitrarily different election outcomes.


              A Log PSS morphism with applications to Lagrangian embeddings. (arXiv:1611.06849v2 [math.SG] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Sheel Ganatra, Daniel Pomerleano

    Let $M$ be a smooth projective variety and $\mathbf{D}$ an ample normal crossings divisor. From topological data associated to the pair $(M, \mathbf{D})$, we construct, under assumptions on Gromov-Witten invariants, a series of distinguished classes in symplectic cohomology of the complement $X = M \backslash \mathbf{D}$. Under further "topological" assumptions on the pair, these classes can be organized into a Log(arithmic) PSS morphism, from a vector space which we term the logarithmic cohomology of $(M, \mathbf{D})$ to symplectic cohomology. Turning to applications, we show that these methods and some knowledge of Gromov-Witten invariants can be used to produce dilations and quasi-dilations (in the sense of Seidel-Solomon [SS]) in examples such as conic bundles and open parts of isotropic Grassmannians. In turn, the existence of such elements imposes strong restrictions on exact Lagrangian embeddings, especially in dimension 3. For instance, we prove that any exact Lagrangian in a complex 3-dimensional conic bundle over $(\mathbb{C}^*)^2$ must be diffeomorphic to $T^3$ or a connect sum $\#^n S^1 \times S^2$.


              Frobenius Stratification of Moduli Spaces of Rank $3$ Vector Bundles in Characteristic $3$, I. (arXiv:1612.08213v3 [math.AG] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Lingguang Li

    Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g\geq 2$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, $F_X:X\rightarrow X$ the absolute Frobenius morphism. Let $\M^s_X(r,d)$ be the moduli space of stable vector bundles of rank $r$ and degree $d$ on $X$. We study the Frobenius stratification of $\M^s_X(3,0)$ in terms of Harder-Narasimhan polygons of Frobenius pull backs of stable vector bundles and obtain the irreducibility and dimension of each non-empty Frobenius stratum in the case $(p,g)=(3,2)$.


              Weighted counting of integer points in a subspace. (arXiv:1706.05423v3 [math.CO] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Alexander Barvinok, Guus Regts

    Given complex numbers $w_1, \ldots, w_n$, we define the weight $w(X)$ of a set $X$ of non-negative integer $n$-vectors as the sum of $w_1^{x_1} \cdots w_n^{x_n}$ over all vectors $(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$ in $X$. We present an algorithm, which for a set $X$ of 0-1 vectors defined by a system of homogeneous linear equations with at most $r$ variables per equation and at most $c$ equations per variable, computes $w(X)$ within a relative error $\epsilon >0$ in $(rc)^{O(\ln n-\ln \epsilon)}$ time provided $|w_j| \leq \beta (r \sqrt{c})^{-1}$ for an absolute constant $\beta >0$ and all $j=1, \ldots, n$. A similar algorithm is constructed for computing the weight of a set of non-negative integer vectors satisfying linear constraints and the weight of a linear code over ${\Bbb F}_p$. Applications include counting weighted perfect matchings in hypergraphs, counting weighted graph homomorphisms, computing weight enumerators of linear codes with sparse code generating matrices and computing the partition function of the ferromagnetic Potts model at low temperatures.


              Quantum-classical correspondence on associated vector bundles over locally symmetric spaces. (arXiv:1710.04625v2 [math.SP] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Benjamin Küster, Tobias Weich

    For a compact Riemannian locally symmetric space $\mathcal M$ of rank one and an associated vector bundle $\mathbf V_\tau$ over the unit cosphere bundle $S^\ast\mathcal M$, we give a precise description of those classical (Pollicott-Ruelle) resonant states on $\mathbf V_\tau$ that vanish under covariant derivatives in the Anosov-unstable directions of the chaotic geodesic flow on $S^\ast\mathcal M$. In particular, we show that they are isomorphically mapped by natural pushforwards into generalized common eigenspaces of the algebra of invariant differential operators $D(G,\sigma)$ on compatible associated vector bundles $\mathbf W_\sigma$ over $\mathcal M$. As a consequence of this description, we obtain an exact band structure of the Pollicott-Ruelle spectrum. Further, under some mild assumptions on the representations $\tau$ and $\sigma$ defining the bundles $\mathbf V_\tau$ and $\mathbf W_\sigma$, we obtain a very explicit description of the generalized common eigenspaces. This allows us to relate classical Pollicott-Ruelle resonances to quantum eigenvalues of a Laplacian in a suitable Hilbert space of sections of $\mathbf W_\sigma$. Our methods of proof are based on representation theory and Lie theory.


              Latent Factor Analysis of Gaussian Distributions under Graphical Constraints. (arXiv:1801.03481v4 [cs.IT] UPDATED)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Authors: Md Mahmudul Hasan, Shuangqing Wei, Ali Moharrer

    In this paper, we explore the algebraic structures of solution spaces for Gaussian latent factor analysis when the population covariance matrix $\Sigma_x$ has an additional latent graphical constraint, namely, a latent star topology. In particular, we give sufficient and necessary conditions under which the solutions to constrained minimum trace factor analysis (CMTFA) is still star. We further show that the solution to CMTFA under the star constraint can only have two cases, i.e. the number of latent variable can be only one (star) or $n-1$ where $n$ is the dimension of the observable vector, and characterize the solution for both the cases.


              Vector Illustrations for book      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    We are authoring a technical book. and require vector illustrations for the publication. (Budget: €12 - €18 EUR, Jobs: Adobe Illustrator, Graphic Design, Illustration, Illustrator)
              80 kostenlose Organic Vector Elements      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Heute gibt es für euch ein riesiges Set mit Vektor-Elementen. Die organischen Formen sind handgemalt und als hochqualitative EPS-Dateien enthalten. Perfekt also, wenn man seinen Design einen Hauch Natur hinzufügen will – dafür hat man Schmetterlinge, Rosen, Farn und andere Pflanzen zur Verfügung. Natürlich könnt ihr sie wieder privat wie kommerziell nutzen. Hier könnt ihr [...]

    Der Beitrag 80 kostenlose Organic Vector Elements erschien zuerst auf KlonBlog.


              iPhone & iPad Apps Gone Free – July 11, 2018      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    iPhone, iPad and iPod touch apps now free, including Mideo, Stopwatch+, Vector Logo Maker Pro and many others
              GitHub - Arachni/arachni: Web Application Security Scanner Framework      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    README.md

    Arachni logo

    Synopsis

    Arachni is a feature-full, modular, high-performance Ruby framework aimed towards helping penetration testers and administrators evaluate the security of web applications.

    It is smart, it trains itself by monitoring and learning from the web application's behavior during the scan process and is able to perform meta-analysis using a number of factors in order to correctly assess the trustworthiness of results and intelligently identify (or avoid) false-positives.

    Unlike other scanners, it takes into account the dynamic nature of web applications, can detect changes caused while travelling through the paths of a web application’s cyclomatic complexity and is able to adjust itself accordingly. This way, attack/input vectors that would otherwise be undetectable by non-humans can be handled seamlessly.

    Moreover, due to its integrated browser environment, it can also audit and inspect client-side code, as well as support highly complicated web applications which make heavy use of technologies such as JavaScript, HTML5, DOM manipulation and AJAX.

    Finally, it is versatile enough to cover a great deal of use cases, ranging from a simple command line scanner utility, to a global high performance grid of scanners, to a Ruby library allowing for scripted audits, to a multi-user multi-scan web collaboration platform.

    Note: Despite the fact that Arachni is mostly targeted towards web application security, it can easily be used for general purpose scraping, data-mining, etc. with the addition of custom components.

    Arachni offers:

    A stable, efficient, high-performance framework

    Check, report and plugin developers are allowed to easily and quickly create and deploy their components with the minimum amount of restrictions imposed upon them, while provided with the necessary infrastructure to accomplish their goals.

    Furthermore, they are encouraged to take full advantage of the Ruby language under a unified framework that will increase their productivity without stifling them or complicating their tasks.

    Moreover, that same framework can be utilized as any other Ruby library and lead to the development of brand new scanners or help you create highly customized scan/audit scenarios and/or scripted scans.

    Simplicity

    Although some parts of the Framework are fairly complex you will never have to deal them directly. From a user’s or a component developer’s point of view everything appears simple and straight-forward all the while providing power, performance and flexibility.

    From the simple command-line utility scanner to the intuitive and user-friendly Web interface and collaboration platform, Arachni follows the principle of least surprise and provides you with plenty of feedback and guidance.

    In simple terms

    Arachni is designed to automatically detect security issues in web applications. All it expects is the URL of the target website and after a while it will present you with its findings.

    Features

    General

    • Cookie-jar/cookie-string support.
    • Custom header support.
    • SSL support with fine-grained options.
    • User Agent spoofing.
    • Proxy support for SOCKS4, SOCKS4A, SOCKS5, HTTP/1.1 and HTTP/1.0.
    • Proxy authentication.
    • Site authentication (SSL-based, form-based, Cookie-Jar, Basic-Digest, NTLMv1, Kerberos and others).
    • Automatic log-out detection and re-login during the scan (when the initial login was performed via the autologin, login_script or proxy plugins).
    • Custom 404 page detection.
    • UI abstraction:
    • Pause/resume functionality.
    • Hibernation support -- Suspend to and restore from disk.
    • High performance asynchronous HTTP requests.
      • With adjustable concurrency.
      • With the ability to auto-detect server health and adjust its concurrency automatically.
    • Support for custom default input values, using pairs of patterns (to be matched against input names) and values to be used to fill in matching inputs.

    Integrated browser environment

    Arachni includes an integrated, real browser environment in order to provide sufficient coverage to modern web applications which make use of technologies such as HTML5, JavaScript, DOM manipulation, AJAX, etc.

    In addition to the monitoring of the vanilla DOM and JavaScript environments, Arachni's browsers also hook into popular frameworks to make the logged data easier to digest:

    In essence, this turns Arachni into a DOM and JavaScript debugger, allowing it to monitor DOM events and JavaScript data and execution flows. As a result, not only can the system trigger and identify DOM-based issues, but it will accompany them with a great deal of information regarding the state of the page at the time.

    Relevant information include:

    • Page DOM, as HTML code.
      • With a list of DOM transitions required to restore the state of the page to the one at the time it was logged.
    • Original DOM (i.e. prior to the action that caused the page to be logged), as HTML code.
      • With a list of DOM transitions.
    • Data-flow sinks -- Each sink is a JS method which received a tainted argument.
      • Parent object of the method (ex.: DOMWindow).
      • Method signature (ex.: decodeURIComponent()).
      • Arguments list.
        • With the identified taint located recursively in the included objects.
      • Method source code.
      • JS stacktrace.
    • Execution flow sinks -- Each sink is a successfully executed JS payload, as injected by the security checks.
      • Includes a JS stacktrace.
    • JavaScript stack-traces include:
      • Method names.
      • Method locations.
      • Method source codes.
      • Argument lists.

    In essence, you have access to roughly the same information that your favorite debugger (for example, FireBug) would provide, as if you had set a breakpoint to take place at the right time for identifying an issue.

    Browser-cluster

    The browser-cluster is what coordinates the browser analysis of resources and allows the system to perform operations which would normally be quite time consuming in a high-performance fashion.

    Configuration options include:

    • Adjustable pool-size, i.e. the amount of browser workers to utilize.
    • Timeout for each job.
    • Worker TTL counted in jobs -- Workers which exceed the TTL have their browser process respawned.
    • Ability to disable loading images.
    • Adjustable screen width and height.
      • Can be used to analyze responsive and mobile applications.
    • Ability to wait until certain elements appear in the page.
    • Configurable local storage data.

    Coverage

    The system can provide great coverage to modern web applications due to its integrated browser environment. This allows it to interact with complex applications that make heavy use of client-side code (like JavaScript) just like a human would.

    In addition to that, it also knows about which browser state changes the application has been programmed to handle and is able to trigger them programatically in order to provide coverage for a full set of possible scenarios.

    By inspecting all possible pages and their states (when using client-side code) Arachni is able to extract and audit the following elements and their inputs:

    • Forms
      • Along with ones that require interaction via a real browser due to DOM events.
    • User-interface Forms
      • Input and button groups which don't belong to an HTML <form> element but are instead associated via JS code.
    • User-interface Inputs
      • Orphan <input> elements with associated DOM events.
    • Links
      • Along with ones that have client-side parameters in their fragment, i.e.: http://example.com/#/?param=val&param2=val2
      • With support for rewrite rules.
    • LinkTemplates -- Allowing for extraction of arbitrary inputs from generic paths, based on user-supplied templates -- useful when rewrite rules are not available.
      • Along with ones that have client-side parameters in their URL fragments, i.e.: http://example.com/#/param/val/param2/val2
    • Cookies
    • Headers
    • Generic client-side elements which have associated DOM events.
    • AJAX-request parameters.
    • JSON request data.
    • XML request data.

    Open distributed architecture

    Arachni is designed to fit into your workflow and easily integrate with your existing infrastructure.

    Depending on the level of control you require over the process, you can either choose the REST service or the custom RPC protocol.

    Both approaches allow you to:

    • Remotely monitor and manage scans.
    • Perform multiple scans at the same time -- Each scan is compartmentalized to its own OS process to take advantage of:
      • Multi-core/SMP architectures.
      • OS-level scheduling/restrictions.
      • Sandboxed failure propagation.
    • Communicate over a secure channel.

    REST API

    • Very simple and straightforward API.
    • Easy interoperability with non-Ruby systems.
      • Operates over HTTP.
      • Uses JSON to format messages.
    • Stateful scan monitoring.
      • Unique sessions automatically only receive updates when polling for progress, rather than full data.

    RPC API

    • High-performance/low-bandwidth communication protocol.
      • MessagePack serialization for performance, efficiency and ease of integration with 3rd party systems.
    • Grid:
      • Self-healing.
      • Scale up/down by hot-plugging/hot-unplugging nodes.
        • Can scale up infinitely by adding nodes to increase scan capacity.
      • (Always-on) Load-balancing -- All Instances are automatically provided by the least burdened Grid member.
        • With optional per-scan opt-out/override.
      • (Optional) High-Performance mode -- Combines the resources of multiple nodes to perform multi-Instance scans.
        • Enabled on a per-scan basis.

    Scope configuration

    • Filters for redundant pages like galleries, catalogs, etc. based on regular expressions and counters.
      • Can optionally detect and ignore redundant pages automatically.
    • URL exclusion filters using regular expressions.
    • Page exclusion filters based on content, using regular expressions.
    • URL inclusion filters using regular expressions.
    • Can be forced to only follow HTTPS paths and not downgrade to HTTP.
    • Can optionally follow subdomains.
    • Adjustable page count limit.
    • Adjustable redirect limit.
    • Adjustable directory depth limit.
    • Adjustable DOM depth limit.
    • Adjustment using URL-rewrite rules.
    • Can read paths from multiple user supplied files (to both restrict and extend the scope).

    Audit

    • Can audit:
      • Forms
        • Can automatically refresh nonce tokens.
        • Can submit them via the integrated browser environment.
      • User-interface Forms
        • Input and button groups which don't belong to an HTML <form> element but are instead associated via JS code.
      • User-interface Inputs
        • Orphan <input> elements with associated DOM events.
      • Links
        • Can load them via the integrated browser environment.
      • LinkTemplates
        • Can load them via the integrated browser environment.
      • Cookies
        • Can load them via the integrated browser environment.
      • Headers
      • Generic client-side DOM elements.
      • JSON request data.
      • XML request data.
    • Can ignore binary/non-text pages.
    • Can audit elements using both GET and POST HTTP methods.
    • Can inject both raw and HTTP encoded payloads.
    • Can submit all links and forms of the page along with the cookie permutations to provide extensive cookie-audit coverage.
    • Can exclude specific input vectors by name.
    • Can include specific input vectors by name.

    Components

    Arachni is a highly modular system, employing several components of distinct types to perform its duties.

    In addition to enabling or disabling the bundled components so as to adjust the system's behavior and features as needed, functionality can be extended via the addition of user-created components to suit almost every need.

    Platform fingerprinters

    In order to make efficient use of the available bandwidth, Arachni performs rudimentary platform fingerprinting and tailors the audit process to the server-side deployed technologies by only using applicable payloads.

    Currently, the following platforms can be identified:

    • Operating systems
      • BSD
      • Linux
      • Unix
      • Windows
      • Solaris
    • Web servers
      • Apache
      • IIS
      • Nginx
      • Tomcat
      • Jetty
      • Gunicorn
    • Programming languages
      • PHP
      • ASP
      • ASPX
      • Java
      • Python
      • Ruby
    • Frameworks
      • Rack
      • CakePHP
      • Rails
      • Django
      • ASP.NET MVC
      • JSF
      • CherryPy
      • Nette
      • Symfony

    The user also has the option of specifying extra platforms (like a DB server) in order to help the system be as efficient as possible. Alternatively, fingerprinting can be disabled altogether.

    Finally, Arachni will always err on the side of caution and send all available payloads when it fails to identify specific platforms.

    Checks

    Checks are system components which perform security checks and log issues.

    Active

    Active checks engage the web application via its inputs.

    • SQL injection (sql_injection) -- Error based detection.
      • Oracle
      • InterBase
      • PostgreSQL
      • MySQL
      • MSSQL
      • EMC
      • SQLite
      • DB2
      • Informix
      • Firebird
      • SaP Max DB
      • Sybase
      • Frontbase
      • Ingres
      • HSQLDB
      • MS Access
    • Blind SQL injection using differential analysis (sql_injection_differential).
    • Blind SQL injection using timing attacks (sql_injection_timing).
      • MySQL
      • PostgreSQL
      • MSSQL
    • NoSQL injection (no_sql_injection) -- Error based vulnerability detection.
    • Blind NoSQL injection using differential analysis (no_sql_injection_differential).
    • CSRF detection (csrf).
    • Code injection (code_injection).
      • PHP
      • Ruby
      • Python
      • Java
      • ASP
    • Blind code injection using timing attacks (code_injection_timing).
      • PHP
      • Ruby
      • Python
      • Java
      • ASP
    • LDAP injection (ldap_injection).
    • Path traversal (path_traversal).
      • *nix
      • Windows
      • Java
    • File inclusion (file_inclusion).
      • *nix
      • Windows
      • Java
      • PHP
      • Perl
    • Response splitting (response_splitting).
    • OS command injection (os_cmd_injection).
      • *nix
      • *BSD
      • IBM AIX
      • Windows
    • Blind OS command injection using timing attacks (os_cmd_injection_timing).
      • Linux
      • *BSD
      • Solaris
      • Windows
    • Remote file inclusion (rfi).
    • Unvalidated redirects (unvalidated_redirect).
    • Unvalidated DOM redirects (unvalidated_redirect_dom).
    • XPath injection (xpath_injection).
      • Generic
      • PHP
      • Java
      • dotNET
      • libXML2
    • XSS (xss).
    • Path XSS (xss_path).
    • XSS in event attributes of HTML elements (xss_event).
    • XSS in HTML tags (xss_tag).
    • XSS in script context (xss_script_context).
    • DOM XSS (xss_dom).
    • DOM XSS script context (xss_dom_script_context).
    • Source code disclosure (source_code_disclosure)
    • XML External Entity (xxe).
      • Linux
      • *BSD
      • Solaris
      • Windows
    Passive

    Passive checks look for the existence of files, folders and signatures.

    • Allowed HTTP methods (allowed_methods).
    • Back-up files (backup_files).
    • Backup directories (backup_directories)
    • Common administration interfaces (common_admin_interfaces).
    • Common directories (common_directories).
    • Common files (common_files).
    • HTTP PUT (http_put).
    • Insufficient Transport Layer Protection for password forms (unencrypted_password_form).
    • WebDAV detection (webdav).
    • HTTP TRACE detection (xst).
    • Credit Card number disclosure (credit_card).
    • CVS/SVN user disclosure (cvs_svn_users).
    • Private IP address disclosure (private_ip).
    • Common backdoors (backdoors).
    • .htaccess LIMIT misconfiguration (htaccess_limit).
    • Interesting responses (interesting_responses).
    • HTML object grepper (html_objects).
    • E-mail address disclosure (emails).
    • US Social Security Number disclosure (ssn).
    • Forceful directory listing (directory_listing).
    • Mixed Resource/Scripting (mixed_resource).
    • Insecure cookies (insecure_cookies).
    • HttpOnly cookies (http_only_cookies).
    • Auto-complete for password form fields (password_autocomplete).
    • Origin Spoof Access Restriction Bypass (origin_spoof_access_restriction_bypass)
    • Form-based upload (form_upload)
    • localstart.asp (localstart_asp)
    • Cookie set for parent domain (cookie_set_for_parent_domain)
    • Missing Strict-Transport-Security headers for HTTPS sites (hsts).
    • Missing X-Frame-Options headers (x_frame_options).
    • Insecure CORS policy (insecure_cors_policy).
    • Insecure cross-domain policy (allow-access-from) (insecure_cross_domain_policy_access)
    • Insecure cross-domain policy (allow-http-request-headers-from) (insecure_cross_domain_policy_headers)
    • Insecure client-access policy (insecure_client_access_policy)

    Reporters

    Plugins

    Plugins add extra functionality to the system in a modular fashion, this way the core remains lean and makes it easy for anyone to add arbitrary functionality.

    • Passive Proxy (proxy) -- Analyzes requests and responses between the web app and the browser assisting in AJAX audits, logging-in and/or restricting the scope of the audit.
    • Form based login (autologin).
    • Script based login (login_script).
    • Dictionary attacker for HTTP Auth (http_dicattack).
    • Dictionary attacker for form based authentication (form_dicattack).
    • Cookie collector (cookie_collector) -- Keeps track of cookies while establishing a timeline of changes.
    • WAF (Web Application Firewall) Detector (waf_detector) -- Establishes a baseline of normal behavior and uses rDiff analysis to determine if malicious inputs cause any behavioral changes.
    • BeepNotify (beep_notify) -- Beeps when the scan finishes.
    • EmailNotify (email_notify) -- Sends a notification (and optionally a report) over SMTP at the end of the scan.
    • VectorFeed (vector_feed) -- Reads in vector data from which it creates elements to be audited. Can be used to perform extremely specialized/narrow audits on a per vector/element basis. Useful for unit-testing or a gazillion other things.
    • Script (script) -- Loads and runs an external Ruby script under the scope of a plugin, used for debugging and general hackery.
    • Uncommon headers (uncommon_headers) -- Logs uncommon headers.
    • Content-types (content_types) -- Logs content-types of server responses aiding in the identification of interesting (possibly leaked) files.
    • Vector collector (vector_collector) -- Collects information about all seen input vectors which are within the scan scope.
    • Headers collector (headers_collector) -- Collects response headers based on specified criteria.
    • Exec (exec) -- Calls external executables at different scan stages.
    • Metrics (metrics) -- Captures metrics about multiple aspects of the scan and the web application.
    • Restrict to DOM state (restrict_to_dom_state) -- Restricts the audit to a single page's DOM state, based on a URL fragment.
    • Webhook notify (webhook_notify) -- Sends a webhook payload over HTTP at the end of the scan.
    • Rate limiter (rate_limiter) -- Rate limits HTTP requests.
    • Page dump (page_dump) -- Dumps page data to disk as YAML.
    Defaults

    Default plugins will run for every scan and are placed under /plugins/defaults/.

    • AutoThrottle (autothrottle) -- Dynamically adjusts HTTP throughput during the scan for maximum bandwidth utilization.
    • Healthmap (healthmap) -- Generates sitemap showing the health of each crawled/audited URL
    Meta

    Plugins under /plugins/defaults/meta/ perform analysis on the scan results to determine trustworthiness or just add context information or general insights.

    • TimingAttacks (timing_attacks) -- Provides a notice for issues uncovered by timing attacks when the affected audited pages returned unusually high response times to begin with. It also points out the danger of DoS attacks against pages that perform heavy-duty processing.
    • Discovery (discovery) -- Performs anomaly detection on issues logged by discovery checks and warns of the possibility of false positives where applicable.
    • Uniformity (uniformity) -- Reports inputs that are uniformly vulnerable across a number of pages hinting to the lack of a central point of input sanitization.

    Trainer subsystem

    The Trainer is what enables Arachni to learn from the scan it performs and incorporate that knowledge, on the fly, for the duration of the audit.

    Checks have the ability to individually force the Framework to learn from the HTTP responses they are going to induce.

    However, this is usually not required since Arachni is aware of which requests are more likely to uncover new elements or attack vectors and will adapt itself accordingly.

    Still, this can be an invaluable asset to Fuzzer checks.

    Running the specs

    You can run rake spec to run all specs or you can run them selectively using the following:

    rake spec:core            # for the core libraries
    rake spec:checks          # for the checks
    rake spec:plugins         # for the plugins
    rake spec:reports         # for the reports
    rake spec:path_extractors # for the path extractors
    

    Please be warned, the core specs will require a beast of a machine due to the necessity to test the Grid/multi-Instance features of the system.

    Note: The check specs will take many hours to complete due to the timing-attack tests.

    Bug reports/Feature requests

    Submit bugs using GitHub Issues and get support via the Support Portal.

    Contributing

    (Before starting any work, please read the instructions for working with the source code.)

    We're happy to accept help from fellow code-monkeys and these are the steps you need to follow in order to contribute code:

    • Fork the project.
    • Start a feature branch based on the experimental branch (git checkout -b <feature-name> experimental).
    • Add specs for your code.
    • Run the spec suite to make sure you didn't break anything (rake spec:core for the core libs or rake spec for everything).
    • Commit and push your changes.
    • Issue a pull request and wait for your code to be reviewed.

    License

    Arachni Public Source License v1.0 -- please see the LICENSE file for more information.


              Comment on Vector fields - a simple and painless introduction by Carly      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Vector field is an awesome concept. I never heard before, but while I read your article, I can know some valuable things related to vector images. However, thank you so much for sharing this type of unique idea.
              Biodiversity and human health: mechanisms and evidence of the positive health effects of diversity in nature and green spaces      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Abstract
    Introduction
    Natural environments and green spaces provide ecosystem services that enhance human health and well-being. They improve mental health, mitigate allergies and reduce all-cause, respiratory, cardiovascular and cancer mortality. The presence, accessibility, proximity and greenness of green spaces determine the magnitude of their positive health effects, but the role of biodiversity (including species and ecosystem diversity) within green spaces remains underexplored. This review describes mechanisms and evidence of effects of biodiversity in nature and green spaces on human health.
    Sources of data
    We identified studies listed in PubMed and Web of Science using combinations of keywords including ‘biodiversity’, ‘diversity’, ‘species richness’, ‘human health’, ‘mental health’ and ‘well-being’ with no restrictions on the year of publication. Papers were considered for detailed evaluation if they were written in English and reported data on levels of biodiversity and health outcomes.
    Areas of agreement
    There is evidence for positive associations between species diversity and well-being (psychological and physical) and between ecosystem diversity and immune system regulation.
    Areas of concern
    There is a very limited number of studies that relate measured biodiversity to human health. There is more evidence for self-reported psychological well-being than for well-defined clinical outcomes. High species diversity has been associated with both reduced and increased vector-borne disease risk.
    Growing points
    Biodiversity supports ecosystem services mitigating heat, noise and air pollution, which all mediate the positive health effects of green spaces, but direct and long-term health outcomes of species diversity have been insufficiently studied so far.
    Areas timely for research
    Additional research and newly developed methods are needed to quantify short- and long-term health effects of exposure to perceived and objectively measured species diversity, including health effects of nature-based solutions and exposure to microbiota.

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              Stack Abuse: The Naive Bayes Algorithm in Python with Scikit-Learn      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    When studying Probability & Statistics, one of the first and most important theorems students learn is the Bayes' Theorem. This theorem is the foundation of deductive reasoning, which focuses on determining the probability of an event occurring based on prior knowledge of conditions that might be related to the event.

    The Naive Bayes Classifier brings the power of this theorem to Machine Learning, building a very simple yet powerful classifier. In this article, we will see an overview on how this classifier works, which suitable applications it has, and how to use it in just a few lines of Python and the Scikit-Learn library.

    Theory Behind Bayes' Theorem

    If you studied Computer Science, Mathematics, or any other field involving statistics, it is very likely that at some point you stumbled upon the following formula:

    P(H|E) = (P(E|H) * P(H)) / P(E)  
    

    where

    • P(H|E) is the probability of hypothesis H given the event E, a posterior probability.
    • P(E|H) is the probability of event E given that the hypothesis H is true.
    • P(H) is the probability of hypothesis H being true (regardless of any related event), or prior probability of H.
    • P(E) is the probability of the event occurring (regardless of the hypothesis).

    This is the Bayes Theorem. At first glance it might be hard to make sense out of it, but it is very intuitive if we explore it through an example:

    Let's say that we are interested in knowing whether an e-mail that contains the word sex (event) is spam (hypothesis). If we go back to the theorem description, this problem can be formulated as:

    P(class=SPAM|contains="sex") = (P(contains="sex"|class=SPAM) * P(class=SPAM)) / P(contains="sex")  
    

    which in plain English is: The probability of an e-mail containing the word sex being spam is equal to the proportion of SPAM emails that contain the word sex multiplied by the proportion of e-mails being spam and divided by the proportion of e-mails containing the word sex.

    Let's dissect this piece by piece:

    • P(class=SPAM|contains="sex") is the probability of an e-mail being SPAM given that this e-mail contains the word sex. This is what we are interested in predicting.
    • P(contains="sex"|class=SPAM) is the probability of an e-mail containing the word sex given that this e-mail has been recognized as SPAM. This is our training data, which represents the correlation between an e-mail being considered SPAM and such e-mail containing the word sex.
    • P(class=SPAM) is the probability of an e-mail being SPAM (without any prior knowledge of the words it contains). This is simply the proportion of e-mails being SPAM in our entire training set. We multiply by this value because we are interested in knowing how significant is information concerning SPAM e-mails. If this value is low, the significance of any events related to SPAM e-mails will also be low.
    • P(contains="sex") is the probability of an e-mail containing the word sex. This is simply the proportion of e-mails containing the word sex in our entire training set. We divide by this value because the more exclusive the word sex is, the more important is the context in which it appears. Thus, if this number is low (the word appears very rarely), it can be a great indicator that in the cases it does appear, it is a relevant feature to analyze.

    In summary, the Bayes Theorem allows us to make reasoned deduction of events happening in the real world based on prior knowledge of observations that may imply it. To apply this theorem to any problem, we need to compute the two types of probabilities that appear in the formula.

    Class Probabilities

    In the theorem, P(A) represents the probabilities of each event. In the Naive Bayes Classifier, we can interpret these Class Probabilities as simply the frequency of each instance of the event divided by the total number of instances. For example, in the previous example of spam detection, P(class=SPAM) represents the number of e-mails classified as spam divided by the sum of all instances (this is spam + not spam)

    P(class=SPAM) = count(class=SPAM) / (count(class=notSPAM) + count(class=SPAM))  
    

    Conditional Probabilities

    In the theorem, P(A|B) represents the conditional probabilities of an event A given another event B. In the Naive Bayes Classifier, these encode the posterior probability of A occurring when B is true.

    For the spam example, P(class=SPAM|contains="sex") represents the number of instances in which an e-mail is considered as spam and contains the word sex, divided by the total number of e-mails that contain the word sex:

    P(class=SPAM|contains="sex") = count(class=SPAM & contains=sex) / count(contains=sex)  
    

    Applications

    The application of the Naive Bayes Classifier has been shown successful in different scenarios. A classical use case is document classification: determining whether a given document corresponds to certain categories. Nonetheless, this technique has its advantages and limitations.

    Advantages

    • Naive Bayes is a simple and easy to implement algorithm. Because of this, it might outperform more complex models when the amount of data is limited.
    • Naive Bayes works well with numerical and categorical data. It can also be used to perform regression by using Gaussian Naive Bayes.

    Limitations

    • Given the construction of the theorem, it does not work well when you are missing certain combination of values in your training data. In other words, if you have no occurrences of a class label and a certain attribute value together (e.g. class="spam", contains="$$$") then the frequency-based probability estimate will be zero. Given Naive-Bayes' conditional independence assumption, when all the probabilities are multiplied you will get zero.

    • Naive Bayes works well as long as the categories are kept simple. For instance, it works well for problems involving keywords as features (e.g. spam detection), but it does not work when the relationship between words is important (e.g. sentiment analysis).

    Demo in Scikit-Learn

    It's demo time! We will use Python 3 together with Scikit-Learn to build a very simple SPAM detector for SMS messages (for those of you that are youngsters, this is what we used for messaging back in the middle ages). You can find and download the dataset from this link.

    We will need three libraries that will make our coding much easier: scikit-learn, pandas and nltk. You can use pip or conda to install these.

    Loading the Data

    The SMS Spam Collection v.1 is a set of SMS tagged messages that have been collected for SMS Spam research. It contains one set of SMS messages in English of 5,574 messages, tagged according being ham (legitimate) or spam. The distribution is a total of 4,827 SMS legitimate messages (86.6%) and a total of 747 (13.4%) spam messages.

    If we open the dataset, we will see that it has the format [label] [tab] [message], which looks something like this:

    ham    Go until jurong point, crazy.. Available only in bugis n great world la e buffet... Cine there got amore wat...
    
    ham    Ok lar... Joking wif u oni...
    
    spam    Free entry in 2 a wkly comp to win FA Cup final tkts 21st May 2005. Text FA to 87121 to receive entry question(std txt rate)T&C's apply 08452810075over18's
    
    ham    U dun say so early hor... U c already then say...  
    

    To load the data, we can use Pandas' Dataframe read_table method. This allows us to define a separator (in this case, a tab) and rename the columns accordingly:

    import pandas as pd
    
    df = pd.read_table('SMSSpamCollection',  
                       sep='\t', 
                       header=None,
                       names=['label', 'message'])
    

    Pre-processing

    Once we have our data ready, it is time to do some preprocessing. We will focus on removing useless variance for our task at hand. First, we have to convert the labels from strings to binary values for our classifier:

    df['label'] = df.label.map({'ham': 0, 'spam': 1})  
    

    Second, convert all characters in the message to lower case:

    df['message'] = df.message.map(lambda x: x.lower())  
    

    Third, remove any punctuation:

    df['message'] = df.message.str.replace('[^\w\s]', '')  
    

    Fourth, tokenize the messages into into single words using nltk. First, we have to import and download the tokenizer from the console:

    import nltk  
    nltk.download()  
    

    An installation window will appear. Go to the "Models" tab and select "punkt" from the "Identifier" column. Then click "Download" and it will install the necessary files. Then it should work! Now we can apply the tokenization:

    df['message'] = df['message'].apply(nltk.word_tokenize)  
    

    Fifth, we will perform some word stemming. The idea of stemming is to normalize our text for all variations of words carry the same meaning, regardless of the tense. One of the most popular stemming algorithms is the Porter Stemmer:

    from nltk.stem import PorterStemmer
    
    stemmer = PorterStemmer()
    
    df['message'] = df['message'].apply(lambda x: [stemmer.stem(y) for y in x])  
    

    Finally, we will transform the data into occurrences, which will be the features that we will feed into our model:

    from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import CountVectorizer
    
    # This converts the list of words into space-separated strings
    df['message'] = df['message'].apply(lambda x: ' '.join(x))
    
    count_vect = CountVectorizer()  
    counts = count_vect.fit_transform(df['message'])  
    

    We could leave it as the simple word-count per message, but it is better to use Term Frequency Inverse Document Frequency, more known as tf-idf:

    from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import TfidfTransformer
    
    transformer = TfidfTransformer().fit(counts)
    
    counts = transformer.transform(counts)  
    

    Training the Model

    Now that we have performed feature extraction from our data, it is time to build our model. We will start by splitting our data into training and test sets:

    from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
    
    X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(counts, df['label'], test_size=0.1, random_state=69)  
    

    Then, all that we have to do is initialize the Naive Bayes Classifier and fit the data. For text classification problems, the Multinomial Naive Bayes Classifier is well-suited:

    from sklearn.naive_bayes import MultinomialNB
    
    model = MultinomialNB().fit(X_train, y_train)  
    

    Evaluating the Model

    Once we have put together our classifier, we can evaluate its performance in the testing set:

    import numpy as np
    
    predicted = model.predict(X_test)
    
    print(np.mean(predicted == y_test))  
    

    Congratulations! Our simple Naive Bayes Classifier has 98.2% accuracy with this specific test set! But it is not enough by just providing the accuracy, since our dataset is imbalanced when it comes to the labels (86.6% legitimate in contrast to 13.4% spam). It could happen that our classifier is over-fitting the legitimate class while ignoring the spam class. To solve this uncertainty, let's have a look at the confusion matrix:

    from sklearn.metrics import confusion_matrix
    
    print(confusion_matrix(y_test, predicted))  
    

    The confusion_matrix method will print something like this:

    [[478   4]
    [   6  70]]
    

    As we can see, the amount of errors is pretty balanced between legitimate and spam, with 4 legitimate messages classified as spam and 6 spam messages classified as legitimate. Overall, these are very good results for our simple classifier.

    Conclusion

    In this article, we have seen a crash-course on both theory and practice of the Naive Bayes Classifier. We have put together a simple Multimodal Naive Bayes Classifier that achieves 98.2% accuracy on spam detection for SMS messages.


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    Hello, I need an illustration similar to the one I've added as attachment. Instead of the parrot there should be a cat holding a beer bottle and a joint. Please keep it simple and be creative! Please don't bid on this job if you haven't any ideas. In the end I need a vector based file for printing it on t-shirts or sewing it on different textiles. Thank you! (Prize: 15)
               Курс: Анализ данных — поиск закономерностей и построение моделей прогноза       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

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    На курсе рассматриваются основные типы моделей, используемые для поиска закономерностей в данных: регрессионный анализ, кластеризация данных, построение простых и обобщенных деревьев решений, сокращение данных – метод главных компонент. 

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    Affinity Designer es la demostración de las posibilidades “Pro” del iPad#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000\

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    Desde un primer momento las aplicaciones de Affinity no han dejado de sorprendernos. Tanto Affinity Designer como Affinity Photo se han implementado como alternativas más que decentes para los usuarios de Apple que no quieran utilizar la suite de Adobe. Ahora, con Affinity Designer para iPad, nos vuelven a demostrar que la tableta de Apple no es sólo para ver Netflix y estar en rede sociales.

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    En Applesfera | Affinity Photo para iPad, la app de retoque fotográfico más profesional de la App Store

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    SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20180711-0 >
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    title: Remote code execution via multiple attack vectors
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              Star Citizen - friend or foe - vote of no confidence      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Cappy Corny
    You can't teach creativity: one of the real problems of the game's industry is it hones its Game Designers in its Quality Assurance or QA departments. Now, some say this is a really good thing as, "The future designer gets to see how a game works (or doesn't work) from his first day in the office."

    Sure, it does, but that doesn't make that future employee a good game designer: hard working he may be but style and content-wise he'll tend to be derivative and complacent. Mostly, he'll do 'just enough to make the game work'. That is, after all, what his industry training has taught him; pizza after pizza... you don't ask car mechanics how executive cars should look and feel; they fix them when they break.

    But what are they fixing?

    Star Citizen, for example, it has NO IDEA WHAT IT IS after six years of game development. Why? Chris Roberts has all this stuff in his head and vaguely describes this stuff as 'the best damn space sim ever' and it can never get there. There is no game, yet, there's just a story episode (Squadron 42) and a 'verse episode (Star Citizen) that might or might not be story-based. It's certainly supposed to be first-person when the current pre-alpha is allowing the player to play in third person. There's not even a traditional BETA-LIST of content the producer and the game publisher have agreed to start culling, assuming an agreed publication date for the game. There is no beta-list of content, yet, for either of these products. There is no publisher for either of these products. Nor any agreed publication date for either of these products.

    Star Citizen is rogue with a Capital-R. Or a capital-C if you're following CIG's economic 'selling dirt to the backers' business model. Truth be told, Chris Roberts should have concentrated on making his World War II Flight Sim in Space, and not gone money-crazy with 'all the lovely possibilities' of $200, 000,000 in the bank from private donations. He's supposed to be making a modular interactive product, not a universe. Two very different beasts. And it's all about 'tone' in many ways, "What is the TONE of Star Citizen?" and cleanliness of design.

    • Friend or Foe: missing this scale-target vital scan mechanism
    • Mouse-thrust: a sphere has a flat (mouse-able) surface, scroll = scale vector
    • Touch-world: ladders, buttons, switches, every.single.interactable.thing.in-the-verse...

    Nobody knows what Star Citizen is trying to be, "A thing that tries to be all things to all people will be nothing to nobody." unquote. Sure, Chris knows this, but he's got himself backed into a corner. He was supposed to be bringing out Star Citizen as a series of playable modules that would clunk together and foster the Opening of the Verse. This goes way back, and it was a good tactic. He wanted to 'build the verse' in bite-sized chunks and he could have done it with Star Marine and Arena Commander as a starting point. But all his ideas were arcadey i.e. 1990s gameplay, or fun. And there's nothing wrong with that it's just that, somewhere down the line, Chris decided to go down the Hellion-like space-sim'ulator route, attempting to make a game (a 'verse) that was all about component management and hardcore F-19-styled visual overlays.

    IT DOESN'T WORK as an interactive product set in space where 'inertia drives are essential' where planetary take-off and landing is essential via a Thruster-based flight model. It doesn't work, Star Citizen was always designed as a fun little Space Carrier-launched WW2 flight-sim title, where you didn't have to fight gravity. There was no gravity in the original spec for Star Citizen... Now, it's a sprawling behemoth, a beast that needs reigning in. And nobody kows how to suitably translate Chris's (new (everyman)) vision into a decent game. Space-simulator? It's not even a decent Ladder Simulator, six years down the production line. Duality is rife in the design and implementation of the vision. The view is clogged with all sorts of nonsense like struts and unreadable HUD. Pay to win, anathema to gaming fun is the norm. Star Citizen needs a total re-think as to 'what it thinks it is'.

    What is it Chris, what is Star Citizen supposed to be, now?
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    [센서개론] 기능성 알람시계 설계[창의설계] 센서부착 알람시계System On Chip 설계 및 응용 - 시계 + 스탑워치 + 시간설정 + 알람설정 구현[영남대]21세기와 목재 , 21세기 목재 중간 기말 정리와 중간기말 시험 스샷 입니다.(인터넷 네트워크) 유비쿼터스에 대한 고찰[특수교육] 보조공학 Ⅰ. General Features 1. 시계 기능 1) 시간 수정 2) 시 분 초 출력 2. 스누즈 알람 기능 1) 15분 단위로 설정 가능 2) 최대 2시간 30분까지 가능 3. 알람 해제 문제 기능 1) 곱셈 덧셈한 값의 십의 자리 이하를 입력하여 알람 해제 2) 답안 숫자 입력 기능 4. 알람 소리 1) Modulated 사이렌 음향 2) 주변 조도 감소 시 음량 증폭 Ⅱ. 세부 기능 설명 1. 총 세 가지 Mode LED State Indicate 기능 지원 2. 네 가지 기능 버튼 지원 3. 세부 사용 설명 Snooze Mode Alarm Alert Mode Ⅲ. 회로 구성 1. Display 2. D-Flip Flop 3. External Interrupt 4. State Indicator 5. Light_Sensor 6. Amp 7. Siren Circuit Ⅳ. 소스 코드 Ⅴ. Designing Features 1. 각 기능별 모듈화 2. D-Flip Flop 3. 전원 회로 일원화 4. 전원 전압 선택 가능 5. 가변 저항 활용 6. 케이블 단자 Ⅵ. Disscussion 1. 디지털 회로 2. 납땜의 기술 3. PWM을 이용한 서보 제어 Ⅶ. Appendix 8) int Light(int *li) //CdS 센서로부터 ADC 입력 받아 Truth Value 생성 함수. 9) int main(void) //메인 함수 시스템 구동 유지용 함수. Vacant While Loop로 이루어져있다. 3. Parameters int i=0 j=0 k=0 inter_0=0 inter_1=0 inter_2=1 inter_3=0 alarm=0 alert=0;//Interrupt int sec_1=0 sec_2=0 min_1=0 min_2=0 hour_1=0 hour_2=0 sec_bit min_bit hour_bit pause=0;//Time int digit_1=0 digit_2=0 digit_bit;//Digits int min15_al=1 hour_al=0 remain=0 d_hour_al d_min_al=0x15;//Alarm_Time int num_1=0 num_2=0 op=0 ans=-1 prob_ans seed=0;//Alert int a=0 li=1;//Light 각 Function별 변수 설정. 총 35개의 변수가 사용됨. 1) Interrupt : Internal External Interrupt에 관한 변수. i j k는 PWM Count 변수 inter_n은 외부 인터럽트에 관한 함수 alarm alert는 스누즈 알람 카운트 진행 Alarm Alert Mode에 관한 변수. 2) Time : Timer 함수에 관련한 함수. 시계 알고리즘(sec_n min_n hour_n sec_bit min_bit hour_bit)과 시간 수정(pause)에 관련한 변수. 3) Digits : 답안 입력과 관련한 변수. Alarm_Time : 스누즈 시간 설정과 관련한 함수. x_al은 알람 설정시 사용되는 변수이고 d_x_al은 알람 카운트다운 시 변하는 변수로 이 값이 Display unit에 표기됨. 4) Alert : 두 개의 무작위 두 자리 Decimal Number (num_n)과 Answer match 판정 Random 함수 seeder 선택과 관련된 변수. 5) Light : CdS로부터 ADC 입력받은 값을 통해 OP-AMP on/off를 결정하는 데 사용되는 변수. 4. Interrupt Vectors 전반적인 알람 메커니즘은 if statement를 기반으로 작성되었으며 각 모드별 상황에 대해 state parameter가 설정되어 각 Interrupt가 발생할 때마다 Logic Value를 변경한다. 1) ISR(TIMER0_OVF_vect) Timer/Counter 0을 이용한 시계 시스템 구동용 Internal Interrupt Sub Routine. 이 서브루틴에서 알람의 대부분의 기능이 구현된다. 15625Hz의 주파수로 PWM Overflow Interrupt가 발생한다. 2) ISR(INT0_vect) ISR(INT1_vect) ISR(INT2_vect) ISR(INT3_vect) External Interrupt의 기능을 설정하는 Interrupt Sub Routine. 네 개의 Schmitt Trigger로부터 받은 신호로 Interrupt 기능을 작동시킨다. ◆ Proteus VSM Circuit Simulator의 활용 소프트웨어 상으로 ATmega 128을 포함한 각종 디지털&아날로그 소자 시뮬레이션이 가능하여 빠른 코드 디버깅과 최적 설계가 용이하다. 또한 Oscilloscope 기능도 지원하여 파형을 현대자동차의 스마트카 시장진출 전략분석과 구글,도요타의 스마트카 진출전략과 비교분석및 현대자동차 스마트카 시장진출 과제분석및 향후방향분석[유통관리사시험] 유통관리사2급모의고사및2006년~2008년2차시험및핵심요약[마이크로 가공생산] 아이폰 주요부품의 제조공정 및 가공법[창의설계입문] 알람시스템을 통한 시리얼과 우유공급 장치 설계열전소자(열전반도체)[장애인교육]청각장애의 정의와 종류[졸업][전기공학] 압전외팔보의 구동회로제작[제품해체] 커피메이커(Coffee maker)[창의공학설계] 새로운 손목시계 설계 보고서삼성 갤럭시기어 마케팅 SWOT,STP,4P전략분석과 갤럭시기어 실패요인분석및 갤럭시기어 향후전략방안 제안뇌파 기술 연구의 적용 사례와 발전 방향[공학]건축현장조사-인간공학적 개념이 도입된 환경설비 디자인 사례조사[고분자개론 설계] 자발성 손씻기 설계원광대학교 인간과 동물 강의노트 조회수:981회
              방통대 2017-1 지역문제의 발생요인에 관해 논의해 보시오      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    (방통대 2017-1) 지역문제의 발생요인에 관해 논의해 보시오지역개발론4공통)지역문제의 발생요인에 관해 논의해 보시오0k지역개발론4AD)하나의 사례를 들어 지역문제의 발생요인에 관해 논의해 보시오[지역개발론 1공통] 지역문제의 발생요인에 관해 논의해 보시오2017년 1학기 지역개발론 중간시험과제물 D형(지역문제의 발생요인)2017년 1학기 지역개발론 중간시험과제물 A형(지역문제의 발생요인) 행정학과 4학년 지역개발론 A형 지역문제의 발생요인에 관해 논의해 보시오 * 다양한 자료를 바탕으로 체계적으로 작성하였습니다 * 많은 도움 되시기 바랍니다 1. 지역갈등의 개념 2. 지역문제 발생의 요인 3. 지역갈등을 보는 관점 4. 지역갈등 해소방안 5. 결론 Ⅰ. 지역갈등의 개념 지역갈등(regional conflict)은 지역 (region)과 갈등 (conflict)의 합성어이다. 먼저 지역의 개념부터 살펴보면 지역은 인접지역과 그 자연적 문화적 특성을 달리하는 동질적 공간 으로 정의된다. 지역은 국토의 일부이면서도 다른 지역과 구별되는 주민 상호간의 높은 일체감과 통합성을 갖는다. 또한 지역은 지방(locality provine) 지역사회(local community) 등과 혼용되는 말로서 지리적이고 공간적인 구분을 의미하고 중립성과 비우열성을 갖고 있는 말이기도 하다. 다음으로 갈등의 개념은 2개 이상의 대립되는 동기(욕구 충동 의견 등)가 동시에 같은 정도로 존재하여 행동결정이 곤란한 상태로 정의되며 넓은 뜻으로는 인간관계에서 개인간이나 집단간 또는 개인과 집단 사이에서 겪는 반목과 의견충돌을 가리킨다. 레빈(K. Lewin)의 토폴로지(topology) 및 벡타(vector) 심리학에서는 갈등을 개인이 놓여 있는 심리학적 조건에 바탕을 두고 접근과 접근의 갈등 회피와 회피의 갈등 접근과 회피의 갈등의 3종류로 분류하고 있다. 우리는 지역문제와 관련해서 지역감정 지역갈등 지역주의라는 용어는 지금까지 엄밀한 개념적 이해의 필요성을 인식하지 못한 상태에서 상호 커다란 차별 없이 사용되어 왔다. 그러나 지역감정 지역갈등 지역주의는 상호 내재적 연관성을 지니면서도 각각의 의미와 수준의 차이로 인해 개념적 구분이 전제되어야 한다. <참고문헌 : “21세기 남도포럼 제38회 포럼” - 정천구(영산대학교) “한국민주정치의한계.” - 김성윤 “한국정치의 발전 방향-진보적 시각”. 조선일보 2003.6.23.> 지역개발론 A형 하나의 사례를 들어 지역문제의 발생요인에 관해 논의해 보시오[방통대 2017-1] 하나의 사례를 들어 지역정책의 필요성과 지역정책의 목표에 대해 논의해 보시오[방통대 2017-1] 근자에 우리 사회에서 페미니즘의 도전으로 인해 발생한 논란의 사례를 찾아 그 내용을 비판적으로 분석해 보시오.(방통대 2017-1) 교재 10장 “성과 정치, 경제”의 내용을 참조하면서 근자에 우리 사회에서 페미니즘의 도전으로 인해 발생한 논란의 사례를 찾아 그 내용을 비판적으로 분석해 보시오.[방통대 2017-1] 잔여적 사회복지실천과 제도적 사회복지실천의 차이를 논의하고, 문제해결의 실천기술을 두 관점에서 서술하시오[방통대 2017-1] 잔여적 사회복지실천과 제도적 사회복지실천의 차이를 논의하고, 하나의 사례를 위의 두 관점에서 분석하고 문제해결방안을 제시하시오.창의성 교육의 문제점에 관해 논하고 효과적이고 실천가능한 창의적 환경을 가정, 유아교육기관, 사회전반의 측면으로 정리하여 논의해 보시오[방통대 2018-1]지역정책을 추진하는 수단의 유형에 대해 논의해 보시오.MIS_사례연구_토의문제[종합][교육학] 평생교육개론[정보기술과 창업] 정보기술과 창업 연습문제[평생교육프로그램개발] 북한자유이주민 교육[경제학] 국제경영-글로벌 경영의 전략과 중요성[교육학] 최근 논술 출제 문제 유형과 특징및 대학별 논술고사 출제 경향00 조회수:192회
              Automatic Recognition of Asphalt Pavement Cracks Based on Image Processing and Machine Learning Approaches: A Comparative Study on Classifier Performance      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Periodic surveys of asphalt pavement condition are very crucial in road maintenance. This work carries out a comparative study on the performance of machine learning approaches used for automatic pavement crack recognition. Six machine learning approaches, Naïve Bayesian Classifier (NBC), Classification Tree (CT), Backpropagation Artificial Neural Network (BPANN), Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN), Support Vector Machine (SVM), and Least Squares Support Vector Machine (LSSVM), have been employed. Additionally, Median Filter (MF), Steerable Filter (SF), and Projective Integral (PI) have been used to extract useful features from pavement images. In the feature extraction phase, performance comparison shows that the input pattern including the diagonal PIs enhances the classification performance significantly by creating more informative features. A simple moving average method is also employed to reduce the size of the feature set with positive effects on the model classification performance. Experimental results point out that LSSVM has achieved the highest classification accuracy rate. Therefore, this machine learning algorithm used with the feature extraction process proposed in this study can be a very promising tool to assist transportation agencies in the task of pavement condition survey.
              free vector watercolor flowers       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    free vector watercolor flowers

              adidas vector       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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              The men and women in the copper coats      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    In the Boston Public Garden, just across the street from where I live, there’s a monument to the first use of ether as an anesthesia in surgery. This triumph of medicine occurred in 1846, just down the street at Mass General Hospital. Here’s the painting commemorating this wonderful event.  You’ll notice that the men in white coats are all wearing, errrrr, black coats.

    First-Operation-Under-Ether-painting

    That’s because doctors didn’t start wearing white coats until the early 20th century when:

    Doctors swapped their traditional black coats for white ones, similar to those worn by scientists in laboratories. This was meant to bolster a physician’s scientific credibility at a time when many practising healers were quacks, charlatans and frauds. As the importance of antiseptics became more widely understood, white was also thought to have the advantage of showing any soiling. (Source: The Economist)

    My doctor wears a white coat over her civvies. But these days, if you’re seeing a doctor in a hospital setting, as often as not they’re in scrubs – even those who aren’t about to perform surgery. (Blue and green scrubs were introduced for surgery “to reduce eye strain in brightly-lit operating theatres.”) Hospital nurses, in my experience, are nearly 100% in some form of scrubs – and not just blue and green ones. I seem to recall a lot of purply-red ones and, at least for the women nurses, patterned tops. All worn with Dansko clogs, I believe. No more of those white starched dresses, the sensible white nursing shoes, the caps that indicated what nursing school someone had graduated from. (The caps for Mass General looked like little cupcakes.)

    But white, black, blue, green, purply-red, or patterned, whatever the doctor’s wearing can be germ carriers. Which is why:

    Many clinics and hospitals now have a “bare below the elbows” policy for staff, whether in uniform or their own clothes.

    To prevent medical staff from being their own little germ vectors, Liu Xuqing of England’s University of Manchester, has come up with a way to make clothing that’s preventive medicine.

    Some metals, such as gold and silver, have natural antibacterial properties and are used to coat certain solid items, such as medical implants. But putting metallic coatings onto stretchy and foldable fabrics is tricky, and those coatings can quickly be swept away in a washing machine. What is needed, reckons [Dr. Liu]… is a way to make antibacterial coatings for fabrics that, quite literally, hold tight.

    And Dr. Liu has landed on copper, which like silver and gold, can kill germs dead before they spread, but is a lot cheaper.

    Liu and his colleagues have come up with a process that “brushes” fabric and then treats it with a solution that contains copper. (The process is pretty interesting, and is worth a full read.)

    The process works on both cotton and polyester – good thing: I’ve seen a lot of scrubs and I’m guessing that most contain poly… – and two of the bugs that it can kill are e coli and staph. Which is a good thing. So many people who are hospitalized end up with secondary infections they caught in the hospital, and that have nothing to do with what they were hospitalized for.

    The tests show that the clothing makes it through 30 washings with its antibacterial magic intact. (By the way, it’s not just for the medical field. Food processing is another big bacteria producer, so this technology would be a good idea for chicken-pluckers et al.)

    The good doctor is looking into other applications.

    Dr Liu is considering other uses for his invention, as well. One of his thoughts is to make conductive threads that could form part of electrical circuits woven into clothing. Such circuits might, for instance, link sensors that monitor the body. They might even carry current and signals to other fibres, treated to change colour in response, to produce fabrics that vary in hue and pattern—maybe to reflect, as detected by sensors, the wearer’s mood. A doctor could then have a coat of many colours.

    Hmmmm.  Don’t know how much I like the idea of wearing a full-length mood ring around all the time. Sure, nice if people could have an early warning, but there’s something invasion of the mood-snatchers about  it that me no like. Other than that…

    There’s so much technology that is put to use innovating around things that are completely useless  or, worse, has a negative overall impact on users and society. (And, yes, social media, I’m looking at you, among others.) So I’m glad to see technology directed to a use that, first, does no harm.

    If I’m ever hospitalized, I’d be delighted if the doctors and nurses come all decked out in copper.


              Vertriebsassistent (m/w) in Teilzeit (50%) - Vector Informatik - Regensburg      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Deine Aufgaben Kaufmännischer Vertriebsinnendienst für einen internationalen Kundenstamm Eigenverantwortliche Auftragsabwicklung und Erstellung der...
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              Estimation of the effects of multipoint pacing on battery longevity in routine clinical practice      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Abstract
    Aims
    Multipoint pacing (MPP) permits simultaneous multisite pacing of the left ventricle (LV); initial studies suggest haemodynamic and clinical benefits over conventional (single LV site) cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of MPP activation on battery longevity in routine clinical practice.
    Methods and results
    Patient (n = 46) and device data were collected from two centres at least 3 months after MPP-CRT device implantation. Multipoint pacing programming was based on the maximal possible anatomical LV1/LV2 separation according to three predefined LV pacing capture threshold (PCT) cut-offs (≤1.5 V; ≤4.0 V; and ≤6.5 V). Estimated battery longevity was calculated using the programmed lower rate limit, lead impedances, outputs, and pacing percentages. Relative to the longevity for conventional CRT using the lowest PCT (8.9 ± 1.2 years), MPP activation significantly shortened battery longevity for all three PCT cut-offs (≤1.5 V, −5.6%; ≤4.0 V, −16.9%; ≤6.5 V, −21.3%; P’s <0.001). When compared with conventional CRT based on longest right ventricle—LV delay (8.3 ± 1.3 years), battery longevity was significantly shortened for the MPP ≤ 4.0 V and ≤6.5 V cut-offs (−10.8 and −15.7%, respectively; P’s <0.001). Maximal LV1/LV2 spacing was possible in 23.9% (≤1.5 V), 56.5% (≤4.0 V), and 69.6% (≤6.5 V) of patients.
    Conclusion
    Multipoint pacing activation significantly reduces battery longevity compared with that for conventional CRT configuration. When reasonable MPP LV vector PCTs (≤4.0 V) are achieved, the decrease in battery longevity is relatively small which may prompt the clinician to activate MPP.

              Tailoring device settings in cardiac resynchronization therapy using electrograms from pacing electrodes      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Abstract
    Aims
    Left ventricular (LV) fusion pacing appears to be at least as beneficial as biventricular pacing in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Optimal LV fusion pacing critically requires adjusting the atrioventricular (AV)-delay to the delay between atrial pacing and intrinsic right ventricular (RV) activation (Ap-RV). We explored the use of electrogram (EGM)-based vectorloop (EGMV) derived from EGMs of implanted pacing leads to achieve optimal LV fusion pacing and to compare it with conventional approaches.
    Methods and results
    During CRT-device implantation, 28 patients were prospectively studied. During atrial-LV pacing (Ap-LVp) at various AV-delays, LV dP/dtmax, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), and unipolar EGMs were recorded. Electrocardiogram and electrogram were used to reconstruct a vectorcardiogram (VCG) and EGMV, respectively, from which the maximum QRS amplitude (QRSampl), was extracted. Ap-RV was determined: (i) conventionally as the longest AV-delay at which QRS morphology was visually unaltered during RV pacing at increasing AV-delays(Ap-RVvis; reference-method); (ii) 70% of delay between atrial pacing and RV sensing (Ap-RVaCRT); and (iii) the delay between atrial pacing and onset of QRS (Ap-QRSonset). In both the EGMV and VCG, the longest AV-delay showing an unaltered QRSampl as compared with Ap-LVp with a short AV-delay, corresponded to Ap-RVvis. In contrast, Ap-QRSonset and Ap-RVaCRT were larger. The Ap-LVp induced increase in LV dP/dtmax was larger at Ap-RVvis, Ap-RVEGMV, and Ap-RVVCG than at Ap-QRSonset (all P < 0.05) and Ap-RVaCRT (P = 0.02, P = 0.13, and P = 0.03, respectively).
    Conclusion
    In this acute study, it is shown that the EGMV QRSampl can be used to determine optimal and individual CRT-device settings for LV fusion pacing, possibly improving long-term CRT response.

              High rate of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator sensing screening failure in patients with Brugada syndrome: a comparison with other inherited primary arrhythmia syndromes      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Abstract
    Aims
    Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) can avoid important complications associated with transvenous leads in patients with inherited primary arrhythmia syndromes, who do not need pacing therapy. Few data are available on the percentage of patients with inherited arrhythmia syndromes eligible for S-ICD implantation. Aim of this study was to analyse the eligibility for S-ICD in a series of patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS), and to compare it with patients with other channelopathies.
    Methods and results
    Patients presenting with BrS, long-QT syndrome (LQTS), early repolarization syndrome (ERS), and idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) were considered eligible for this study. ECG screening was performed by analysis of QRS complex and T wave morphology recorded in standing and supine position. Eligibility was defined when ≥1 sense vector was acceptable in both supine and standing position. A total of 100 patients (72 males; mean age: 46 ± 17 years) underwent S-ICD sensing screening. Sixty-one patients presented with BrS, 21 with LQTS, 14 with IVF, and 4 with ERS. Thirty-four patients with BrS (56%) presented with spontaneous type 1 ECG. In the other 27 patients (44%), type 1 ECG was unmasked by ajmaline. Overall, rate of screening failure was 13%. Patients with BrS had a higher rate of inappropriate morphology analysis as compared with other channelopathies (18% vs. 5%, P = 0.07) and had a lower number of suitable sensing vectors (49.6% vs. 84.7% vs. P < 0.001). Ajmaline challenge unmasked sensing failure in 14.8% of drug-induced BrS patients previously considered eligible. In all patients, the reason for sensing inappropriateness was due to the presence of high T wave voltages.
    Conclusion
    S-ICD screening failure occurs in up to 13% of patients with inherited primary arrhythmia syndromes. Patients with BrS present a higher rate of screening failure as compared with other cardiac channelopathies.

              Affinity Designer es la demostración de las posibilidades “Pro” del iPad      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Affinity Designer es la demostración de las posibilidades “Pro” del iPad#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000\

    Affinity Designer llega al iPad para plantar cara al dibujo vectorial de Adoble aprovechando todas las tecnologías de Apple.

    Desde la salida del iPad Pro no son pocos los desarrolladores que están portando sus aplicaciones al tablet profesional de Apple. De un tiempo a esta parte hemos visto un sin fin de aplicaciones de renombre que han migrado al iPad dejando bien claro que el tablet de Apple es una herramienta formidable para el mercado profesional. Ahora, una de esas compañía que nos tiene acostumbrada al software profesional trae otra de esas apps al iPad.

    Affinity Designer, de los creadores de Affinity Photo, app de la que ya os hemos hablado en alguna ocasión, han traído su aplicación de diseño gráfico vectorial para iPad, de la que prometen además que será la más rápida, fluida y precisa del mercado. La aplicación está totalmente optimizada para el iPad, no solo a nivel de interfaz, también de tecnologías que hacen uso de las APIs de Apple en materia de rendimiento gráfico.

    Según la compañía, Affinity Designer para iPad ha sido diseñada en colaboración con algunos de los mejores diseñadores del mundo y usa la tecnología de Apple Design, incluyendo todas funciones disponible en la versión de escritorio. Entre las tecnologías que hace gala la aplicación están la ya conocida Metal de Apple y aceleración por hardware, sensibilidad a la presión, la inclinación y al ángulo y compatibilidad total con el Apple Pencil.

    Además en el iPad Pro incluye desplazamiento y zoom, siempre en tiempo real, a 120 fps. Degradados, transformaciones, efectos y ajustes también en tiempo real. Vista de píxeles y tamaño retina en directo para imágenes vectoriales, vista de líneas de dibujo, modo de pantalla dividida... etc.

    La aplicación es compatible con iPad Pro, iPad Air 2 y iPad (a partir de principios de 2017), pero no lo es con ninguna otra versión anterior del iPad, algo a tener en cuenta. Tiene un coste de 14,99 euros o $13.99 dólares y está ya disponible en la App Store.


              dynamics homework solution vector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    dynamics homework solution vector

              Get creative on the go with Affinity Designer for iPad      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Affinity brings expert vector design to the iPad for the first time.
              Gene therapy successfully reverts obesity and type-2 diabetes      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    According to a new study inEMBO Molecular Medicine, a single administration of a viral vector to mouse models of obesity can induce weight loss and decrease insulin resistance.Medical Xpress (Source: Society for Endocrinology)

    MedWorm Message: Have you tried our new medical search engine? More powerful than before. Log on with your social media account. 100% free.


              Redoing division algebra graphs with angular distance      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    The blog post that kicked off the recent series of posts looked at how far apart xy and yx are for quaternions. There I used the Euclidean distance, i.e. || xy – yx ||. This time I’ll look at the angle between xy and yx, and I’ll make some analogous graphs for octonions. For vectors x and y in three dimensions, the dot […]
              Make Illustrator File Compatible with Corel Draw      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    I have a complicated Illustrator design that needs to be used in Corel Draw for Screen Printing. So it must contain its vector properties. I need this illustrator file made so that it will open in Corel... (Budget: $30 - $250 USD, Jobs: Graphic Design, Illustration, Illustrator, Logo Design, Photoshop)
              Make Illustrator File Compatible with Corel Draw      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    I have a complicated Illustrator design that needs to be used in Corel Draw for Screen Printing. So it must contain its vector properties. I need this illustrator file made so that it will open in Corel... (Budget: $30 - $250 USD, Jobs: Graphic Design, Illustration, Illustrator, Logo Design, Photoshop)
              Professional illustrator app Affinity Designer now available on iPad for just $13.99      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    With the resounding success and universal praise heaped upon last year’s launch of Affinity Photo for the iPad, it was only a matter of time before its companion app, the popular vector illustration tool, Affinity Designer, was brought to the platform.

    After publishing a teaser almost a year ago to the day, Affinity Designer is making its iOS App Store debut. To celebrate, developer Serif is launching the app at a special $13.99 introductory price, a 30% discount off the full price.

    Like Affinity Photo, Affinity Designer brings desktop-class high-level capabilities to iPad users. After using it, I can say that it is unequivocally one of the most impressive iOS apps I’ve ever used. Serif has taken full advantage of the iPad’s multi touch gestures in a way that allows users to pull off all sorts of quick shortcuts without delving deep into the app’s deep menu set. It’s not a mere port of the Mac version, but a feature-complete illustration app that’s built from the ground up with touch in mind. more…


              Graphic Design App 'Affinity Designer' Launches for iPad With Apple Pencil Support      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    App developer Serif today launched Affinity Designer for iPad , a precise vector graphic design tool that aims to help users create...
              ASSISTANT PROFESSOR - INSECT VECTOR BIOLOGIST / INSECT PHYSIOLOGIST - University of Wisconsin–Madison - Madison, WI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Assistant Professor - Insect Vector Biologist / Insect Physiologist. Position Vacancy ID:....
    From University of Wisconsin–Madison - Mon, 30 Apr 2018 06:48:38 GMT - View all Madison, WI jobs
              Market Vector Gold Miners: Pivot points, pivot low broken      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    See the rest of the story here.

    Theflyonthewall.com provides the latest financial news as it breaks. Known as a leader in market intelligence, The Fly's real-time, streaming news feed keeps individual investors, professional money managers, active traders, and corporate executives informed on what's moving stocks. Sign up for a free trial at theflyonthewall.com to see what Wall Street is buzzing about.
              Market Vectors Semiconductor: Pivot points      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    See the rest of the story here.

    Theflyonthewall.com provides the latest financial news as it breaks. Known as a leader in market intelligence, The Fly's real-time, streaming news feed keeps individual investors, professional money managers, active traders, and corporate executives informed on what's moving stocks. Sign up for a free trial at theflyonthewall.com to see what Wall Street is buzzing about.
              Vector-borne diseases rear head amid health staff crunch in Gurugram      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Gurugram, July 11 (IANS) Over four dozen suspected cases of vector-borne diseases have been reported in Gurugram this year, including a confirmed case of dengue, even as informed sources on Wednesday claimed a severe health staff crunch.

    Civil Hospital records say 17 cases of suspected dengue have been reported this season till now, including one confirmed case. Four suspected cases of malaria were also reported, though no case of chikugunyna has come to the fore.

    However, doctors at private hospitals here claimed that the number of such cases was much more than the official figures since the maximum number of patients approached private hospitals in the city, which are not officially allowed to confirm cases of malaria, dengue or chikungunya.

    While the Health Department officials claim that they are fully prepared to tackle such diseases that break out during or after the rainy season from July to September, sources in the Government Civil Hospital told IANS that there was an acute staff shortage.

    "The District Malaria Officer's post has been lying vacant for nearly two months after Dr S.S. Saroha was shifted out to another health centre in the city. The centre has been facing acute staff shortage," the source said.

    "We have just 22 staff... we sent a demand for 250 staff to authorities but it was not met," said a hospital staffer.

    As many as 621 suspected dengue cases were reported last year in Gurugram, with 66 confirmed ones. Similarly, 10 suspected cases of chikugunyna (3 confirmed) and 48 suspected cases of malaria were reported.

    "We have identified 65 ponds/water bodies in the city that could help spread vector- borne diseases. We are putting Gambusia fish in these ponds, besides fogging different areas," an official quoting the Civil Surgeon said.

    Gambusia or mosquitofish is a species of freshwater fish that eats the larvae of mosquitoes.

    Chief Medical Officer-cum-Civil Surgeon Gulshan Arora did not responded to phone calls despite efforts.

    --IANS

    pradeep/tsb/bg


              cloning vector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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              creative resume template vector free      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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              Affinity Designer llega al iPad con 30% de Descuento!      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

     La mejor App para Vector Graphics, ahora en tablets! Serif, una empresa que está revolucionando la industria de aplicaciones para diseño y fotografía y por fin obligando a Adobe a salirse de su cómodo monopolio, acaba de lanzar Affinity Designer para el iPad! A diferencia de lo que hace Adobe, de lanzar versiones inferiores para […]

    The post Affinity Designer llega al iPad con 30% de Descuento! appeared first on arturogoga.


              Kommentar zu Deutsche Telekom: 100 MBit/s für 385.000 neue Haushalte von Fabian      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Wir haben im Vectoring-Ausbaugebiet ein Haus gebaut. An unserem Hausanschluss kamen nur 6 Mbit an. Nach einer wahren Posting-Schlacht über 3 Monate bei Telekom hilft! haben wir nun die 100 Mbit, von denen max. 94 Mbit (Daumen hoch!) ankommen. Vectoring-Ausbaugebiet heißt nach meiner Erfahrung noch lange nicht auch schnelles Internet.
              ASSISTANT PROFESSOR - INSECT VECTOR BIOLOGIST / INSECT PHYSIOLOGIST - University of Wisconsin–Madison - Madison, WI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Assistant Professor - Insect Vector Biologist / Insect Physiologist. Position Vacancy ID:....
    From University of Wisconsin–Madison - Mon, 30 Apr 2018 06:48:38 GMT - View all Madison, WI jobs
              爬虫高效去重之布隆过滤器      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    一个Bloom Filter是基于一个m位的位向量(Bit Vector),这些位向量的初始值为0,并 且有一系列的 hash 函数,hash 函数值域为1-m.在下面例子中,是15位的位向量,初始 值为0以空白表示,为1以颜色填充

    bit_vector.png

    现在有两个简单的 hash 函数:fnv,murmur.现在我输入一个字符串 "whatever" ,然后 分别使用两个 hash 函数对 "whatever" 进行散列计算并且映射到上面的位向量。

    whatever.png

    可知,使用 fnv 函数计算出的 hash 值是11,使用 murmur 函数计算出的 hash 值 是4. 然后映射到位向量上:

    bit_vector1.png

    如果下一次,笔者要判断 whatever 是否在字符串中,只需使用 fnv 和 murmur 两个 hash 函数对 whatever 进行散列值计算,然后与位向量做 "与运算",如果结果为0, 那么说明 whatever 是不在集合中的,因为同样的元素使用同一个 hash 函数产生的 值每次都是相同的,不相同就说明不是同一个元素。但是如果 "与运算" 的结果为1,是 否可以说明 whatever 就在集合中呢?其实上是不能100% 确定的,因为 hash 函数存 在散列冲突现象 (即两个散列值相同,但两个输入值是不同的),所以布隆过滤器只能说" 我可以说这个元素我在集合中是看见过滴,只是我有一定的不确定性".当你在分配的内 存足够大之后,不确定性会变得很小很小。你可以看到布隆过滤器可以有效利用内存实 现常数级的判重任务,但是鱼和熊掌不可得兼,付出的代价就是一定的误判 (机率很小),所 以本质上,布隆过滤器是 "概率数据结构 (probabilistic data structure)".这个就是 布隆过滤器的基本原理。当然,位向量不会只是15位,hash 函数也不会仅是两个简单的 函数.这只是简化枝节,为了清晰解述原理而已。


              Vectors - Arrows Infographics Backgrounds 58      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

              Vectors - Retro Lights Alphabets 9      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

              Vectors - Animals in Zoo 17      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

              Vectors - Different Flat Skyscrapers 2      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

              350 Megabit pro Sekunde: Router von TP-Link beherrscht Super-Vectoring      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Im kommenden Monat geht es los mit Super-Vectoring. Der TP-Link Archer VR2800v soll bis zu 350 Megabit pro Sekunde unterstützen. (Telekom, DSL)
              ZeroVector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    ZeroVector is an intense and super fun retro arcade shoot 'em up game!

    You have three lives to survive as many enemy waves as you can while racking up the biggest score.

    Your special ability is the REVERSAL. When it is fully charged tap a second finger to the screen to instantly hack all incoming bullets and send them hurtling back towards the enemy ships!

    Collect weapon upgrades to transform your ship into the ultimate death machine!

    Be smart in how you use dropped items to clear enemy waves and protect yourself from overwhelming numbers of bullets.

    What is the highest score you can achieve? Collect bonuses to increase your score multiplier for maximum results! Climb as high as you can in the global leaderboard and share your results online!
              [JORNADA] Territoris Socialment Responsables a Alacant, amb ponència de Josep Maria Canyelles i una taula rodona      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   


    La Generalitat valenciana consolida la cita del ‘Fòrum Ètica Pública i Democràcia-Diàlegs d’Estiu‘ en la seua tercera edició, que se celebra a Alacant, amb l’objectiu de “donar resposta a la ciutadania, generar debat sobre temes d’actualitat a través de la visió de professionals i especialistes, a més de promoure la reflexió col·lectiva i la participació”.

    Una de les matèries que es tractarà és el desenvolupament de Territoris Socialment Responsables, amb una ponència de Josep Maria Canyelles i una taula rodona.

    La Conselleria de Transparència, Responsabilitat Social, Participació i Cooperació organitza aquesta trobada amb l’objectiu d’acostar les institucions valencianes a la ciutadania, fer-les més pròximes i establir un diàleg directe i obert.

    Territoris socialment responsables


    Ser un territori socialment responsable no està reservat a grans municipis. Ni és llunyà ni és utòpic per a municipis xicotets, i pot ser una forma d'amplificar l'oferta econòmica, cultural, artística, etc.
    Volem compartir experiències de territoris que realitzen polítiques actives per a gestionar els impactes socials, laborals, ambientals, econòmics i culturals, que facen compatible una economia competitiva amb la cohesió social i la millora de la vida de la ciutadania a través d'un enfocament de governança participativa.

    Ponència
    • Josep Mª Canyelles (ResponsabilitatGlobal.com i Vector5.cat)

    Taula redona
    • José Mª Martínez (Ajuntament de Paterna)
    • José Antonio Navarro (Consorci Pactem Nord)
    • Remedios Pavón (Ajuntament de Castelló de la Plana)
    • Josep Vicent Mascarell (Baleària)
    • Jorge Villar (Ayuntamiento de Elche)



     

    Josep Maria Canyelles Pastó

    És expert en Responsabilitat Social de les Empreses i Organitzacions.
     
    Exerceix la seua labor especialment a Catalunya, així com conferenciant en diferents països. Des de fa dotze anys es dedica a promoure la RSE per mitjà d'iniciatives com Responsabilitat Global. És soci consultor de Vector 5 · Excel·lència i Sostenibilitat i coordinador de Respon.cat, iniciativa empresarial per al desenvolupament de la RSE a Catalunya. També assessora en polítiques públiques i a organitzacions empresarials com la Cambra de Comerç de Barcelona i el Consell de Cambres de Comerç de Catalunya. Col·laborador docent en diferents universitats i programes formatius d'alta direcció.
     
    En les seues nombroses publicacions s'aborda la responsabilitat social des de diferents perspectives tant des de la visió de les administracions públiques com del sector empresarial, així com de les ONG's.
     
    Dins de la seua activitat ha desenvolupat models de RS per al sector no lucratiu (RSO), per al sector públic (RSA), per a microempreses, per a cadenes de provisió, per a dimensions específiques com la cultural o unes altres, i ha sigut el principal referent en la conceptualització i aplicació de Territori Socialment Responsable (TSR). 
     
     
     

    José María Martínez Santamaría

    És economista, amb més 20 anys d'experiència en l'àmbit del Desenvolupament Local.
     
    En l'actualitat és coordinador de promoció econòmica de l'Ajuntament de Paterna, i secretari de l'associació Paterna, Ciutat d'Empreses.
     
    A més de responsable de l'assessorament economicofinancer a emprenedors i pimes, la seua labor principal és la definició, la posada en marxa i la coordinació de totes les actuacions municipals orientades a la dinamització i la promoció de les àrees industrials de Paterna i l'increment de la competitivitat de les seues pimes, on juga un paper important el foment de la responsabilitat social de les empreses.
     
     
     

    Josep Vicent Mascarell Mascarell

    És director de l'Àrea de Persones, Responsabilitat Social Corporativa i Reputació de Balèaria, i exerceix també com a director de l'Escola d'empresa de Baleària (EdEB).
     
    Llicenciat en Filosofia i Ciències de l'Educació i màster universitari en Ètica i Democràcia, especialitat Ètica Empresarial.
     
    En la seua activitat com a docent, exerceix com a professor de l'escola d'empresaris EDEM, professor de la Càtedra de Cultura Empresarial de la Universitat de València, docent en el màster universitari d'Innovació i Desenvolupament de Projectes de Negoci en Florida Universitària, i professor convidat de l'assignatura «Mètode de planificació participativa de productes turístics culturals» del màster interuniversitari de Gestió Cultural (Universitat de València – Universitat Politècnica de València).
     
    Representant de Baleària en les entitats següents: Exceltur, Conexus, ADEIT (Càtedra Emprenedors), Cambra de Comerç d'Alacant, Institut Ignasi Vilallonga, EDEM i Étnor.
     
     
     

    José Antonio Navarro Vilar

    És llicenciat en Ciències del Treball i ha forjat la seua carrera professional en l'àmbit de diferents iniciatives comunitàries d'ocupació i d'altres projectes relacionats amb el desenvolupament local i l'ocupació.
     
    Gerent del Consorci Pactem Nord des de l'any 2002, ha dirigit diferents projectes impulsats per l'entitat en l'àmbit de l'ocupació, la promoció econòmica i la vertebració territorial.
     
    Dirigeix la col·lecció de l'entitat «Territori i polítiques socials» i és autor de diverses publicacions i informes, destacant: Análisis territorial de l'Horta Nord; La formación en el itinerario de inserción social y laboral; Herramientas de formación para la inserción laboral; i Formación profesional y mercado de trabajo en l'Horta Nord.
     
    Ha col·laborat amb la Universitat de València en el Postgrau de Govern Local, amb la Universitat CEU San Pablo i l'Observatori d'Economia Solidària en el Curs de Tècnic en Integració Laboral, en el marc del programa Incorpora de l'Obra Social de La Caixa i amb l'Institut Interuniversitari de la UV en les jornades anuals de Desenvolupament Local. 
     
     
     

    Remedios Pavón Roiz

    Des de 1994 és funcionària de carrera i exerceix el lloc de cap de l'Agència de Desenvolupament Local de l'Ajuntament de Castelló de la Plana, i també el lloc de gerent del Consorci del Pacte Local per l'Ocupació de Castelló des de la seua creació en 2010.
     
    Dirigeix també els serveis d'Orientació Laboral, Formació i Ocupació, de l'Ajuntament de Castelló, així com la Direcció de Programes d'Empreniment. Ha participat en la direcció de projectes europeus de formació i ocupació: URBAN, YOUTH STAR, EQUAL.
     
    Així mateix, gestiona el Grup de Bones Pràctiques de la Xarxa de Territoris Socialment Responsables (xarxa RETOS) del Ministeri de Treball i Seguretat Social des de la seua creació en 2008. 
     
     
     

    Jorge Villar Rodríguez

    És director de comunicació de l'Ajuntament d'Elx, labor que desenvolupa mentre gaudeix d'una excedència en l'empresa de la qual és soci fundador, Youknow ecommerce. En Youknow exercia des de fa 12 anys de director de projectes de comerç electrònic, amb clients com Amnistia Internacional, Greenpeace, Metges Sense Fronteres i Nach entre uns altres.
     
    Ha sigut docent en màrqueting online en l'Escola Superior de Màrqueting d'Alacant (ESUMA), Esden Business School, IEBS School, Unimooc, CMUA Universitat d'Alacant i en l'Escola d'Organització Industrial (EOI), a més de ponent en diferents xarrades, esdeveniments i congressos.
     
    És autor dels llibres Gestión y planificación de redes sociales profesionales (2016); Montar una tienda online (2013); i coautor de Change Marketers (2014).
     



    La participació en les diferents activitats previstes servirà a més per a generar aliances amb associacions ciutadanes, grups d’interés, intel·lectuals i experts, universitats, sectors creatius i culturals, entre altres agents socials i institucionals.

    La Seu Universitària Ciutat d’Alacant acollirà des d’aquest dilluns 9 i fins al 13 de juliol un conjunt d’activitats que es realitzaran durant la tercera edició del Fòrum Ètica Pública i Democràcia-Diàlegs d’Estiu.

    Durant les diferents sessions, la ciutadania podran acostar-se per a participar en les Converses Obertes sobre justícia; reptes socials, econòmics i polítics actuals; al voltant del moviment feminista; o la crisi ecològica, econòmica i d’atencions, entre altres assumptes d’actualitat amb, entre altres, Joaquim Bosch, Ignacio Escolar, Emilio Llepe d’Espinosa, Nicolás Sartorius, Cristina Almeida, Irantzu Varela o Yayo Herrero.

    Així mateix, es realitzaran diversos seminaris sobre fonamentalismes religiosos; la reforma de la Constitució Espanyola; geografia i transparència; desenvolupament sostenible; territoris socialment responsables; o participació juvenil. També s’impartiran tallers sobre innovació i ús de les xarxes socials en les administracions públiques; pactes d’Integritat; intel·ligència col·lectiva o pressupostos participatius.

    Al seu torn, s’està desenvolupant el cicle de Trobades del Consell amb la Ciutadania per a establir un diàleg obert i directe entre els membres del Govern valencià i representants de tot tipus d’organitzacions socials i persones que individualment puguen estar interessades a participar en aquestes converses que es realitzaran en diferents municipis de la Comunitat entre el 6 de 19 de juliol.
    Els ciutadans que vulguen participar en la tercera edició de Diàlegs d’Estiu, que explica ja amb 821 inscripcions, encara poden fer-ho de forma gratuïta amb caràcter previ, a través de la pàgina web Fòrum d’Estiu.

    Font: http://valenciaextra.com/dialegs-estiu-2018/

    http://www.forumestiu.gva.es/inici
              Quicklisp news: July 2018 Quicklisp dist update now available      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Hi everyone! There's a new Quicklisp update for July, and regular updates should resume on a monthly schedule.

    I'm using a new release system that involves Docker for easier build server setup and management. It took a while to get going but it should (eventually) make it easier for others to run things in an environment similar to mine. For example, it has all the required foreign libraries needed to compile and load everything in Quicklisp.

    Here's the info for the new update:

    New projects:
    • april — April is a subset of the APL programming language that compiles to Common Lisp. — Apache-2.0
    • aws-foundation — Amazon AWS low-level utilities — BSD
    • binary-io — Library for reading and writing binary data. — BSD
    • cl-bip39 — A Common Lisp implementation of BIP-0039 — MIT
    • cl-bnf — A simple BNF parser. — MIT
    • cl-generator — cl-generator, a generator implementation for common lisp — MIT
    • cl-patterns — Pattern library for algorithmic music composition and performance in Common Lisp. — GNU General Public License v3.0
    • cl-progress-bar — Display progress bars directly in REPL. — MIT
    • clad — The CLAD System. — BSD
    • concrete-syntax-tree — Library for parsing Common Lisp code into a concrete syntax tree. — FreeBSD
    • definitions — General definitions reflection library. — Artistic
    • eclector — A Common Lisp reader that can adapt to different implementations, and that can return Concrete Syntax Trees — BSD
    • flute — A beautiful, easilly composable HTML5 generation library — MIT
    • froute — An Http routing class that takes advantage of the MOP — MIT
    • language-codes — A small library mapping language codes to language names. — Artistic
    • lichat-ldap — LDAP backend for the Lichat server profiles. — Artistic
    • multilang-documentation — A drop-in replacement for CL:DOCUMENTATION providing multi-language docstrings — Artistic
    • multiposter — A small application to post to multiple services at once. — Artistic
    • sandalphon.lambda-list — Lambda list parsing and usage — WTFPL
    • sel — Programmatic modification and evaluation of software — GPL 3
    • system-locale — System locale and language discovery — Artistic
    • taglib — Pure Lisp implementation to read (and write, perhaps, one day) tags — UNLICENSE 
    • terrable — Terragen TER file format reader — Artistic
    • tooter — A client library for Mastodon instances. — Artistic
    • trace-db — Writing, reading, storing, and searching of program traces — GPL 3
    • umbra — A library of reusable GPU shader functions. — MIT
    Updated projects3d-matrices3d-vectorsagnostic-lizardalexaaws-sign4base-blobsbodge-blobs-supportbodge-chipmunkbodge-nanovgbodge-nuklearbordeaux-threadsbt-semaphorecavemanceplcepl.drm-gbmcerberuschirpcl-algebraic-data-typecl-asynccl-autorepocl-cognitocl-conllucl-darkskycl-flowcl-formscl-gamepadcl-geoscl-gobject-introspectioncl-gophercl-hamcrestcl-interpolcl-liballegrocl-libsvm-formatcl-mechanizecl-mpicl-muthcl-online-learningcl-pslibcl-pythoncl-random-forestcl-readlinecl-rediscl-rulescl-sdl2cl-strcl-tomlcl-yesqlclackclawclipcloser-mopclosure-htmlclssclxcodexcoleslawcommon-lisp-actorsconfiguration.optionscroatoancurry-compose-reader-macrosdelta-debugdeploydexadordjuladmldocumentation-utilsdocumentation-utils-extensionsdoubly-linked-listdufydynamic-mixinselffare-scriptsfemlispfftflareflexi-streamsforfreebsd-sysctlfxmlgamebox-frame-managergamebox-mathglsl-specglsl-toolkitglyphsgolden-utilsgraphgsllharmonyhelambdaphunchensocketironcladjoselichat-protocollichat-serverliblichat-tcp-serverlisp-chatlistopiamaidenmcclimmedia-typesmitoninevehomer-countopticloverlordoxenfurtparachuteparseqparser.inipathname-utilspgloaderphysical-quantitiesplumppostmodernppathpythonic-string-readerqbase64qlotqt-libsqtoolsrandom-samplerovertg-maths-dot2serapeumshadowsimple-flow-dispatcherslimespinneretstaplestring-casestumpwmsxqlthe-cost-of-nothingtriviatrivial-ldaptrivial-mmapubiquitousuiopunit-formulavarjowebsocket-driverwhofieldsxhtmlambdaxlsxxml-emitter.

    Removed projects: binge, black-tie, cl-ctrnn, cl-directed-graph, cl-ledger, cl-scan, readable, spartns.

    The projects removed either didn't build (cl-directed-graph) or are no longer available for download that I could find (everything else).

    To get this update, use (ql:update-dist "quicklisp").

    Enjoy!


              New Results on Multi-Boson Production with the ATLAS Detector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    Measurements of the cross sections of the production of three electroweak gauge bosons and of vector-boson scattering processes at the LHC constitute stringent tests of the electroweak sector of the Standard Model and provide a model-independent means to search for new physics at the TeV scale. The ATLAS collaboration searched for the production of three W bosons or of a W boson and a photon together with a Z or W boson at a center of mass energy of 8 TeV. ATLAS also searches for the electroweak production of diboson final states, where evidence was found for the exclusive production of W boson pairs. If available also further results on the electroweak production of diboson pairs will be presented. All results have been used to constrain anomalous gauge couplings and have been compared to the latest theory predictions.
              Observation of $H \to b\bar{b}$ decays and $VH$ production with the ATLAS detector      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
    A search for the decay of the Standard Model Higgs boson into a $b\bar{b}$ pair when produced in association with a $W$ or $Z$ boson is performed with the ATLAS detector. The analysed data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 79.8 fb$^{-1}$, were collected in proton-proton collisions in Run 2 of the Large Hadron Collider at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. For a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV, an excess of events over the expected background from other Standard Model processes is found with an observed (expected) significance of 4.9 (4.3) standard deviations. A combination is performed with the results from other searches for the Higgs boson in the $b\bar{b}$ decay mode, which yields an observed (expected) significance of 5.4 (5.5) standard deviations, thus providing direct observation of the Higgs boson decay into $b$-quarks. The measured ratio of the branching fraction for a Higgs boson decaying to $b\bar{b}$ to the Standard Model expectation is $1.01 \pm 0.12 \mathrm{(stat.)} ^{+0.16}_{-0.15} \mathrm{(syst.)}$. Additionally, a combination of Run 2 results searching for the Higgs boson produced in association with a vector boson, yields an observed (expected) significance of 5.3 (4.8) standard deviations.
              Liberty Suppressors unveils Vector 22 LR silencer (VIDEO)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    Liberty Suppressors brings another suppressor on deck, announcing the release of its latest model — the Vector.

    The post Liberty Suppressors unveils Vector 22 LR silencer (VIDEO) appeared first on Guns.com.


              Real Python: Generating Random Data in Python (Guide)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

    How random is random? This is a weird question to ask, but it is one of paramount importance in cases where information security is concerned. Whenever you’re generating random data, strings, or numbers in Python, it’s a good idea to have at least a rough idea of how that data was generated.

    Here, you’ll cover a handful of different options for generating random data in Python, and then build up to a comparison of each in terms of its level of security, versatility, purpose, and speed.

    I promise that this tutorial will not be a lesson in mathematics or cryptography, which I wouldn’t be well equipped to lecture on in the first place. You’ll get into just as much math as needed, and no more.

    How Random Is Random?

    First, a prominent disclaimer is necessary. Most random data generated with Python is not fully random in the scientific sense of the word. Rather, it is pseudorandom: generated with a pseudorandom number generator (PRNG), which is essentially any algorithm for generating seemingly random but still reproducible data.

    “True” random numbers can be generated by, you guessed it, a true random number generator (TRNG). One example is to repeatedly pick up a die off the floor, toss it in the air, and let it land how it may.

    Assuming that your toss is unbiased, you have truly no idea what number the die will land on. Rolling a die is a crude form of using hardware to generate a number that is not deterministic whatsoever. (Or, you can have the dice-o-matic do this for you.) TRNGs are out of the scope of this article but worth a mention nonetheless for comparison’s sake.

    PRNGs, usually done with software rather than hardware, work slightly differently. Here’s a concise description:

    They start with a random number, known as the seed, and then use an algorithm to generate a pseudo-random sequence of bits based on it. (Source)

    You’ve likely been told to “read the docs!” at some point. Well, those people are not wrong. Here’s a particularly notable snippet from the random module’s documentation that you don’t want to miss:

    Warning: The pseudo-random generators of this module should not be used for security purposes. (Source)

    You’ve probably seen random.seed(999), random.seed(1234), or the like, in Python. This function call is seeding the underlying random number generator used by Python’s random module. It is what makes subsequent calls to generate random numbers deterministic: input A always produces output B. This blessing can also be a curse if it is used maliciously.

    Perhaps the terms “random” and “deterministic” seem like they cannot exist next to each other. To make that clearer, here’s an extremely trimmed down version of random() that iteratively creates a “random” number by using x = (x * 3) % 19. x is originally defined as a seed value and then morphs into a deterministic sequence of numbers based on that seed:

    class NotSoRandom(object):
        def seed(self, a=3):
            """Seed the world's most mysterious random number generator."""
            self.seedval = a
        def random(self):
            """Look, random numbers!"""
            self.seedval = (self.seedval * 3) % 19
            return self.seedval
    
    _inst = NotSoRandom()
    seed = _inst.seed
    random = _inst.random
    

    Don’t take this example too literally, as it’s meant mainly to illustrate the concept. If you use the seed value 1234, the subsequent sequence of calls to random() should always be identical:

    >>> seed(1234)
    >>> [random() for _ in range(10)]
    [16, 10, 11, 14, 4, 12, 17, 13, 1, 3]
    
    >>> seed(1234)
    >>> [random() for _ in range(10)]
    [16, 10, 11, 14, 4, 12, 17, 13, 1, 3]
    

    You’ll see a more serious illustration of this shortly.

    What Is “Cryptographically Secure?”

    If you haven’t had enough with the “RNG” acronyms, let’s throw one more into the mix: a CSPRNG, or cryptographically secure PRNG. CSPRNGs are suitable for generating sensitive data such as passwords, authenticators, and tokens. Given a random string, there is realistically no way for Malicious Joe to determine what string came before or after that string in a sequence of random strings.

    One other term that you may see is entropy. In a nutshell, this refers to the amount of randomness introduced or desired. For example, one Python module that you’ll cover here defines DEFAULT_ENTROPY = 32, the number of bytes to return by default. The developers deem this to be “enough” bytes to be a sufficient amount of noise.

    Note: Through this tutorial, I assume that a byte refers to 8 bits, as it has since the 1960s, rather than some other unit of data storage. You are free to call this an octet if you so prefer.

    A key point about CSPRNGs is that they are still pseudorandom. They are engineered in some way that is internally deterministic, but they add some other variable or have some property that makes them “random enough” to prohibit backing into whatever function enforces determinism.

    What You’ll Cover Here

    In practical terms, this means that you should use plain PRNGs for statistical modeling, simulation, and to make random data reproducible. They’re also significantly faster than CSPRNGs, as you’ll see later on. Use CSPRNGs for security and cryptographic applications where data sensitivity is imperative.

    In addition to expanding on the use cases above, in this tutorial, you’ll delve into Python tools for using both PRNGs and CSPRNGs:

    • PRNG options include the random module from Python’s standard library and its array-based NumPy counterpart, numpy.random.
    • Python’s os, secrets, and uuid modules contain functions for generating cryptographically secure objects.

    You’ll touch on all of the above and wrap up with a high-level comparison.

    PRNGs in Python

    The random Module

    Probably the most widely known tool for generating random data in Python is its random module, which uses the Mersenne Twister PRNG algorithm as its core generator.

    Earlier, you touched briefly on random.seed(), and now is a good time to see how it works. First, let’s build some random data without seeding. The random.random() function returns a random float in the interval [0.0, 1.0). The result will always be less than the right-hand endpoint (1.0). This is also known as a semi-open range:

    >>> # Don't call `random.seed()` yet
    >>> import random
    >>> random.random()
    0.35553263284394376
    >>> random.random()
    0.6101992345575074
    

    If you run this code yourself, I’ll bet my life savings that the numbers returned on your machine will be different. The default when you don’t seed the generator is to use your current system time or a “randomness source” from your OS if one is available.

    With random.seed(), you can make results reproducible, and the chain of calls after random.seed() will produce the same trail of data:

    >>> random.seed(444)
    >>> random.random()
    0.3088946587429545
    >>> random.random()
    0.01323751590501987
    
    >>> random.seed(444)  # Re-seed
    >>> random.random()
    0.3088946587429545
    >>> random.random()
    0.01323751590501987
    

    Notice the repetition of “random” numbers. The sequence of random numbers becomes deterministic, or completely determined by the seed value, 444.

    Let’s take a look at some more basic functionality of random. Above, you generated a random float. You can generate a random integer between two endpoints in Python with the random.randint() function. This spans the full [x, y] interval and may include both endpoints:

    >>> random.randint(0, 10)
    7
    >>> random.randint(500, 50000)
    18601
    

    With random.randrange(), you can exclude the right-hand side of the interval, meaning the generated number always lies within [x, y) and will always be smaller than the right endpoint:

    >>> random.randrange(1, 10)
    5
    

    If you need to generate random floats that lie within a specific [x, y] interval, you can use random.uniform(), which plucks from the continuous uniform distribution:

    >>> random.uniform(20, 30)
    27.42639687016509
    >>> random.uniform(30, 40)
    36.33865802745107
    

    To pick a random element from a non-empty sequence (like a list or a tuple), you can use random.choice(). There is also random.choices() for choosing multiple elements from a sequence with replacement (duplicates are possible):

    >>> items = ['one', 'two', 'three', 'four', 'five']
    >>> random.choice(items)
    'four'
    
    >>> random.choices(items, k=2)
    ['three', 'three']
    >>> random.choices(items, k=3)
    ['three', 'five', 'four']
    

    To mimic sampling without replacement, use random.sample():

    >>> random.sample(items, 4)
    ['one', 'five', 'four', 'three']
    

    You can randomize a sequence in-place using random.shuffle(). This will modify the sequence object and randomize the order of elements:

    >>> random.shuffle(items)
    >>> items
    ['four', 'three', 'two', 'one', 'five']
    

    If you’d rather not mutate the original list, you’ll need to make a copy first and then shuffle the copy. You can create copies of Python lists with the copy module, or just x[:] or x.copy(), where x is the list.

    Before moving on to generating random data with NumPy, let’s look at one more slightly involved application: generating a sequence of unique random strings of uniform length.

    It can help to think about the design of the function first. You need to choose from a “pool” of characters such as letters, numbers, and/or punctuation, combine these into a single string, and then check that this string has not already been generated. A Python set works well for this type of membership testing:

    import string
    
    def unique_strings(k: int, ntokens: int,
                   pool: str=string.ascii_letters) -> set:
        """Generate a set of unique string tokens.
    
        k: Length of each token
        ntokens: Number of tokens
        pool: Iterable of characters to choose from
    
        For a highly optimized version:
        https://stackoverflow.com/a/48421303/7954504
        """
    
        seen = set()
        while len(seen) < ntokens:
            token = ''.join(random.choices(pool, k=k))
            seen.add(token)
        return seen
    

    ''.join() joins the letters from random.choices() into a single Python str of length k. This token is added to the set, which can’t contain duplicates, and the while loop executes until the set has the number of elements that you specify.

    Resource: Python’s string module contains a number of useful constants: ascii_lowercase, ascii_uppercase, string.punctuation, ascii_whitespace, and a handful of others.

    Let’s try this function out:

    >>> unique_strings(k=4, ntokens=5)
    {'AsMk', 'Cvmi', 'GIxv', 'HGsZ', 'eurU'}
    
    >>> unique_strings(5, 4, string.printable)
    {"'O*1!", '9Ien%', 'W=m7<', 'mUD|z'}
    

    For a fine-tuned version of this function, this Stack Overflow answer uses generator functions, name binding, and some other advanced tricks to make a faster, cryptographically secure version of unique_strings() above.

    PRNGs for Arrays: numpy.random

    One thing you might have noticed is that a majority of the functions from random return a scalar value (a single int, float, or other object). If you wanted to generate a sequence of random numbers, one way to achieve that would be with a Python list comprehension:

    >>> [random.random() for _ in range(5)]
    [0.021655420657909374,
     0.4031628347066195,
     0.6609991871223335,
     0.5854998250783767,
     0.42886606317322706]
    

    But there is another option that is specifically designed for this. You can think of NumPy’s own numpy.random package as being like the standard library’s random, but for NumPy arrays. (It also comes loaded with the ability to draw from a lot more statistical distributions.)

    Take note that numpy.random uses its own PRNG that is separate from plain old random. You won’t produce deterministically random NumPy arrays with a call to Python’s own random.seed():

    >>> import numpy as np
    >>> np.random.seed(444)
    >>> np.set_printoptions(precision=2)  # Output decimal fmt.
    

    Without further ado, here are a few examples to whet your appetite:

    >>> # Return samples from the standard normal distribution
    >>> np.random.randn(5)
    array([ 0.36,  0.38,  1.38,  1.18, -0.94])
    
    >>> np.random.randn(3, 4)
    array([[-1.14, -0.54, -0.55,  0.21],
           [ 0.21,  1.27, -0.81, -3.3 ],
           [-0.81, -0.36, -0.88,  0.15]])
    
    >>> # `p` is the probability of choosing each element
    >>> np.random.choice([0, 1], p=[0.6, 0.4], size=(5, 4))
    array([[0, 0, 1, 0],
           [0, 1, 1, 1],
           [1, 1, 1, 0],
           [0, 0, 0, 1],
           [0, 1, 0, 1]])
    

    In the syntax for randn(d0, d1, ..., dn), the parameters d0, d1, ..., dn are optional and indicate the shape of the final object. Here, np.random.randn(3, 4) creates a 2d array with 3 rows and 4 columns. The data will be i.i.d., meaning that each data point is drawn independent of the others.

    Another common operation is to create a sequence of random Boolean values, True or False. One way to do this would be with np.random.choice([True, False]). However, it’s actually about 4x faster to choose from (0, 1) and then view-cast these integers to their corresponding Boolean values:

    >>> # NumPy's `randint` is [inclusive, exclusive), unlike `random.randint()`
    >>> np.random.randint(0, 2, size=25, dtype=np.uint8).view(bool)
    array([ True, False,  True,  True, False,  True, False, False, False,
           False, False,  True,  True, False, False, False,  True, False,
            True, False,  True,  True,  True, False,  True])
    

    What about generating correlated data? Let’s say you want to simulate two correlated time series. One way of going about this is with NumPy’s multivariate_normal() function, which takes a covariance matrix into account. In other words, to draw from a single normally distributed random variable, you need to specify its mean and variance (or standard deviation).

    To sample from the multivariate normal distribution, you specify the means and covariance matrix, and you end up with multiple, correlated series of data that are each approximately normally distributed.

    However, rather than covariance, correlation is a measure that is more familiar and intuitive to most. It’s the covariance normalized by the product of standard deviations, and so you can also define covariance in terms of correlation and standard deviation:

    Covariance in Scalar Form

    So, could you draw random samples from a multivariate normal distribution by specifying a correlation matrix and standard deviations? Yes, but you’ll need to get the above into matrix form first. Here, S is a vector of the standard deviations, P is their correlation matrix, and C is the resulting (square) covariance matrix:

    Covariance in Matrix Form

    This can be expressed in NumPy as follows:

    def corr2cov(p: np.ndarray, s: np.ndarray) -> np.ndarray:
        """Covariance matrix from correlation & standard deviations"""
        d = np.diag(s)
        return d @ p @ d
    

    Now, you can generate two time series that are correlated but still random:

    >>> # Start with a correlation matrix and standard deviations.
    >>> # -0.40 is the correlation between A and B, and the correlation
    >>> # of a variable with itself is 1.0.
    >>> corr = np.array([[1., -0.40],
    ...                  [-0.40, 1.]])
    
    >>> # Standard deviations/means of A and B, respectively
    >>> stdev = np.array([6., 1.])
    >>> mean = np.array([2., 0.5])
    >>> cov = corr2cov(corr, stdev)
    
    >>> # `size` is the length of time series for 2d data
    >>> # (500 months, days, and so on).
    >>> data = np.random.multivariate_normal(mean=mean, cov=cov, size=500)
    >>> data[:10]
    array([[ 0.58,  1.87],
           [-7.31,  0.74],
           [-6.24,  0.33],
           [-0.77,  1.19],
           [ 1.71,  0.7 ],
           [-3.33,  1.57],
           [-1.13,  1.23],
           [-6.58,  1.81],
           [-0.82, -0.34],
           [-2.32,  1.1 ]])
    >>> data.shape
    (500, 2)
    

    You can think of data as 500 pairs of inversely correlated data points. Here’s a sanity check that you can back into the original inputs, which approximate corr, stdev, and mean from above:

    >>> np.corrcoef(data, rowvar=False)
    array([[ 1.  , -0.39],
           [-0.39,  1.  ]])
    
    >>> data.std(axis=0)
    array([5.96, 1.01])
    
    >>> data.mean(axis=0)
    array([2.13, 0.49])
    

    Before we move on to CSPRNGs, it might be helpful to summarize some random functions and their numpy.random counterparts:

    Python random Module NumPy Counterpart Use
    random() rand() Random float in [0.0, 1.0)
    randint(a, b) random_integers() Random integer in [a, b]
    randrange(a, b[, step]) randint() Random integer in [a, b)
    uniform(a, b) uniform() Random float in [a, b]
    choice(seq) choice() Random element from seq
    choices(seq, k=1) choice() Random k elements from seq with replacement
    sample(population, k) choice() with replace=False Random k elements from seq without replacement
    shuffle(x[, random]) shuffle() Shuffle the sequence x in place
    normalvariate(mu, sigma) or gauss(mu, sigma) normal() Sample from a normal distribution with mean mu and standard deviation sigma

    Note: NumPy is specialized for building and manipulating large, multidimensional arrays. If you just need a single value, random will suffice and will probably be faster as well. For small sequences, random may even be faster too, because NumPy does come with some overhead.

    Now that you’ve covered two fundamental options for PRNGs, let’s move onto a few more secure adaptations.

    CSPRNGs in Python

    os.urandom(): About as Random as It Gets

    Python’s os.urandom() function is used by both secrets and uuid (both of which you’ll see here in a moment). Without getting into too much detail, os.urandom() generates operating-system-dependent random bytes that can safely be called cryptographically secure:

    • On Unix operating systems, it reads random bytes from the special file /dev/urandom, which in turn “allow access to environmental noise collected from device drivers and other sources.” (Thank you, Wikipedia.) This is garbled information that is particular to your hardware and system state at an instance in time but at the same time sufficiently random.

    • On Windows, the C++ function CryptGenRandom() is used. This function is still technically pseudorandom, but it works by generating a seed value from variables such as the process ID, memory status, and so on.

    With os.urandom(), there is no concept of manually seeding. While still technically pseudorandom, this function better aligns with how we think of randomness. The only argument is the number of bytes to return:

    >>> os.urandom(3)
    b'\xa2\xe8\x02'
    
    >>> x = os.urandom(6)
    >>> x
    b'\xce\x11\xe7"!\x84'
    
    >>> type(x), len(x)
    (bytes, 6)
    

    Before we go any further, this might be a good time to delve into a mini-lesson on character encoding. Many people, including myself, have some type of allergic reaction when they see bytes objects and a long line of \x characters. However, it’s useful to know how sequences such as x above eventually get turned into strings or numbers.

    os.urandom() returns a sequence of single bytes:

    >>> x
    b'\xce\x11\xe7"!\x84'
    

    But how does this eventually get turned into a Python str or sequence of numbers?

    First, recall one of the fundamental concepts of computing, which is that a byte is made up of 8 bits. You can think of a bit as a single digit that is either 0 or 1. A byte effectively chooses between 0 and 1 eight times, so both 01101100 and 11110000 could represent bytes. Try this, which makes use of Python f-strings introduced in Python 3.6, in your interpreter:

    >>> binary = [f'{i:0>8b}' for i in range(256)]
    >>> binary[:16]
    ['00000000',
     '00000001',
     '00000010',
     '00000011',
     '00000100',
     '00000101',
     '00000110',
     '00000111',
     '00001000',
     '00001001',
     '00001010',
     '00001011',
     '00001100',
     '00001101',
     '00001110',
     '00001111']
    

    This is equivalent to [bin(i) for i in range(256)], with some special formatting. bin() converts an integer to its binary representation as a string.

    Where does that leave us? Using range(256) above is not a random choice. (No pun intended.) Given that we are allowed 8 bits, each with 2 choices, there are 2 ** 8 == 256 possible bytes “combinations.”

    This means that each byte maps to an integer between 0 and 255. In other words, we would need more than 8 bits to express the integer 256. You can verify this by checking that len(f'{256:0>8b}') is now 9, not 8.

    Okay, now let’s get back to the bytes data type that you saw above, by constructing a sequence of the bytes that correspond to integers 0 through 255:

    >>> bites = bytes(range(256))
    

    If you call list(bites), you’ll get back to a Python list that runs from 0 to 255. But if you just print bites, you get an ugly looking sequence littered with backslashes:

    >>> bites
    b'\x00\x01\x02\x03\x04\x05\x06\x07\x08\t\n\x0b\x0c\r\x0e\x0f\x10\x11\x12\x13\x14\x15'
     '\x16\x17\x18\x19\x1a\x1b\x1c\x1d\x1e\x1f !"#$%&\'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJK'
     'LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~\x7f\x80\x81\x82\x83\x84\x85\x86'
     '\x87\x88\x89\x8a\x8b\x8c\x8d\x8e\x8f\x90\x91\x92\x93\x94\x95\x96\x97\x98\x99\x9a\x9b'
    
     # ...
    

    These backslashes are escape sequences, and \xhh represents the character with hex value hh. Some of the elements of bites are displayed literally (printable characters such as letters, numbers, and punctuation). Most are expressed with escapes. \x08 represents a keyboard’s backspace, while \x13 is a carriage return (part of a new line, on Windows systems).

    If you need a refresher on hexadecimal, Charles Petzold’s Code: The Hidden Language is a great place for that. Hex is a base-16 numbering system that, instead of using 0 through 9, uses 0 through 9 and a through f as its basic digits.

    Finally, let’s get back to where you started, with the sequence of random bytes x. Hopefully this makes a little more sense now. Calling .hex() on a bytes object gives a str of hexadecimal numbers, with each corresponding to a decimal number from 0 through 255:

    >>> x
    b'\xce\x11\xe7"!\x84'
    
    >>> list(x)
    [206, 17, 231, 34, 33, 132]
    
    >>> x.hex()
    'ce11e7222184'
    
    >>> len(x.hex())
    12
    

    One last question: how is b.hex() 12 characters long above, even though x is only 6 bytes? This is because two hexadecimal digits correspond precisely to a single byte. The str version of bytes will always be twice as long as far as our eyes are concerned.

    Even if the byte (such as \x01) does not need a full 8 bits to be represented, b.hex() will always use two hex digits per byte, so the number 1 will be represented as 01 rather than just 1. Mathematically, though, both of these are the same size.

    Technical Detail: What you’ve mainly dissected here is how a bytes object becomes a Python str. One other technicality is how bytes produced by os.urandom() get converted to a float in the interval [0.0, 1.0), as in the cryptographically secure version of random.random(). If you’re interested in exploring this further, this code snippet demonstrates how int.from_bytes() makes the initial conversion to an integer, using a base-256 numbering system.

    With that under your belt, let’s touch on a recently introduced module, secrets, which makes generating secure tokens much more user-friendly.

    Python’s Best Kept secrets

    Introduced in Python 3.6 by one of the more colorful PEPs out there, the secrets module is intended to be the de facto Python module for generating cryptographically secure random bytes and strings.

    You can check out the source code for the module, which is short and sweet at about 25 lines of code. secrets is basically a wrapper around os.urandom(). It exports just a handful of functions for generating random numbers, bytes, and strings. Most of these examples should be fairly self-explanatory:

    >>> n = 16
    
    >>> # Generate secure tokens
    >>> secrets.token_bytes(n)
    b'A\x8cz\xe1o\xf9!;\x8b\xf2\x80pJ\x8b\xd4\xd3'
    >>> secrets.token_hex(n)
    '9cb190491e01230ec4239cae643f286f'  
    >>> secrets.token_urlsafe(n)
    'MJoi7CknFu3YN41m88SEgQ'
    
    >>> # Secure version of `random.choice()`
    >>> secrets.choice('rain')
    'a'
    

    Now, how about a concrete example? You’ve probably used URL shortener services like tinyurl.com or bit.ly that turn an unwieldy URL into something like https://bit.ly/2IcCp9u. Most shorteners don’t do any complicated hashing from input to output; they just generate a random string, make sure that string has not already been generated previously, and then tie that back to the input URL.

    Let’s say that after taking a look at the Root Zone Database, you’ve registered the site short.ly. Here’s a function to get you started with your service:

    # shortly.py
    
    from secrets import token_urlsafe
    
    DATABASE = {}
    
    def shorten(url: str, nbytes: int=5) -> str:
        ext = token_urlsafe(nbytes=nbytes)
        if ext in DATABASE:
            return shorten(url, nbytes=nbytes)
        else:
            DATABASE.update({ext: url})
            return f'short.ly/{ext}
    

    Is this a full-fledged real illustration? No. I would wager that bit.ly does things in a slightly more advanced way than storing its gold mine in a global Python dictionary that is not persistent between sessions. However, it’s roughly accurate conceptually:

    >>> urls = (
    ...     'https://realpython.com/',
    ...     'https://docs.python.org/3/howto/regex.html'
    ... )
    
    >>> for u in urls:
    ...     print(shorten(u))
    short.ly/p_Z4fLI
    short.ly/fuxSyNY
    
    >>> DATABASE
    {'p_Z4fLI': 'https://realpython.com/',
     'fuxSyNY': 'https://docs.python.org/3/howto/regex.html'}
    

    Hold On: One thing you may notice is that both of these results are of length 7 when you requested 5 bytes. Wait, I thought that you said the result would be twice as long? Well, not exactly, in this case. There is one more thing going on here: token_urlsafe() uses base64 encoding, where each character is 6 bits of data. (It’s 0 through 63, and corresponding characters. The characters are A-Z, a-z, 0-9, and +/.)

    If you originally specify a certain number of bytes nbytes, the resulting length from secrets.token_urlsafe(nbytes) will be math.ceil(nbytes * 8 / 6), which you can prove and investigate further if you’re curious.

    The bottom line here is that, while secrets is really just a wrapper around existing Python functions, it can be your go-to when security is your foremost concern.

    One Last Candidate: uuid

    One last option for generating a random token is the uuid4() function from Python’s uuid module. A UUID is a Universally Unique IDentifier, a 128-bit sequence (str of length 32) designed to “guarantee uniqueness across space and time.” uuid4() is one of the module’s most useful functions, and this function also uses os.urandom():

    >>> import uuid
    
    >>> uuid.uuid4()
    UUID('3e3ef28d-3ff0-4933-9bba-e5ee91ce0e7b')
    >>> uuid.uuid4()
    UUID('2e115fcb-5761-4fa1-8287-19f4ee2877ac')
    

    The nice thing is that all of uuid’s functions produce an instance of the UUID class, which encapsulates the ID and has properties like .int, .bytes, and .hex:

    >>> tok = uuid.uuid4()
    >>> tok.bytes
    b'.\xb7\x80\xfd\xbfIG\xb3\xae\x1d\xe3\x97\xee\xc5\xd5\x81'
    
    >>> len(tok.bytes)
    16
    >>> len(tok.bytes) * 8  # In bits
    128
    
    >>> tok.hex
    '2eb780fdbf4947b3ae1de397eec5d581'
    >>> tok.int
    62097294383572614195530565389543396737
    

    You may also have seen some other variations: uuid1(), uuid3(), and uuid5(). The key difference between these and uuid4() is that those three functions all take some form of input and therefore don’t meet the definition of “random” to the extent that a Version 4 UUID does:

    • uuid1() uses your machine’s host ID and current time by default. Because of the reliance on current time down to nanosecond resolution, this version is where UUID derives the claim “guaranteed uniqueness across time.”

    • uuid3() and uuid5() both take a namespace identifier and a name. The former uses an MD5 hash and the latter uses SHA-1.

    uuid4(), conversely, is entirely pseudorandom (or random). It consists of getting 16 bytes via os.urandom(), converting this to a big-endian integer, and doing a number of bitwise operations to comply with the formal specification.

    Hopefully, by now you have a good idea of the distinction between different “types” of random data and how to create them. However, one other issue that might come to mind is that of collisions.

    In this case, a collision would simply refer to generating two matching UUIDs. What is the chance of that? Well, it is technically not zero, but perhaps it is close enough: there are 2 ** 128 or 340 undecillion possible uuid4 values. So, I’ll leave it up to you to judge whether this is enough of a guarantee to sleep well.

    One common use of uuid is in Django, which has a UUIDField that is often used as a primary key in a model’s underlying relational database.

    Why Not Just “Default to” SystemRandom?

    In addition to the secure modules discussed here such as secrets, Python’s random module actually has a little-used class called SystemRandom that uses os.urandom(). (SystemRandom, in turn, is also used by secrets. It’s all a bit of a web that traces back to urandom().)

    At this point, you might be asking yourself why you wouldn’t just “default to” this version? Why not “always be safe” rather than defaulting to the deterministic random functions that aren’t cryptographically secure ?

    I’ve already mentioned one reason: sometimes you want your data to be deterministic and reproducible for others to follow along with.

    But the second reason is that CSPRNGs, at least in Python, tend to be meaningfully slower than PRNGs. Let’s test that with a script, timed.py, that compares the PRNG and CSPRNG versions of randint() using Python’s timeit.repeat():

    # timed.py
    
    import random
    import timeit
    
    # The "default" random is actually an instance of `random.Random()`.
    # The CSPRNG version uses `SystemRandom()` and `os.urandom()` in turn.
    _sysrand =<
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    La Generalitat valenciana consolida la cita del ‘Fòrum Ètica Pública i Democràcia-Diàlegs d’Estiu‘ en la seua tercera edició, que se celebra a Alacant, amb l’objectiu de “donar resposta a la ciutadania, generar debat sobre temes d’actualitat a través de la visió de professionals i especialistes, a més de promoure la reflexió col·lectiva i la participació”.

    Una de les matèries que es tractarà és el desenvolupament de Territoris Socialment Responsables, amb una ponència de Josep Maria Canyelles i una taula rodona.

    La Conselleria de Transparència, Responsabilitat Social, Participació i Cooperació organitza aquesta trobada amb l’objectiu d’acostar les institucions valencianes a la ciutadania, fer-les més pròximes i establir un diàleg directe i obert.

    Territoris socialment responsables


    Ser un territori socialment responsable no està reservat a grans municipis. Ni és llunyà ni és utòpic per a municipis xicotets, i pot ser una forma d'amplificar l'oferta econòmica, cultural, artística, etc.
    Volem compartir experiències de territoris que realitzen polítiques actives per a gestionar els impactes socials, laborals, ambientals, econòmics i culturals, que facen compatible una economia competitiva amb la cohesió social i la millora de la vida de la ciutadania a través d'un enfocament de governança participativa.

    Ponència
    • Josep Mª Canyelles (ResponsabilitatGlobal.com i Vector5.cat)

    Taula redona
    • José Mª Martínez (Ajuntament de Paterna)
    • José Antonio Navarro (Consorci Pactem Nord)
    • Remedios Pavón (Ajuntament de Castelló de la Plana)
    • Josep Vicent Mascarell (Baleària)
    • Jorge Villar (Ayuntamiento de Elche)



     

    Josep Maria Canyelles Pastó

    És expert en Responsabilitat Social de les Empreses i Organitzacions.
     
    Exerceix la seua labor especialment a Catalunya, així com conferenciant en diferents països. Des de fa dotze anys es dedica a promoure la RSE per mitjà d'iniciatives com Responsabilitat Global. És soci consultor de Vector 5 · Excel·lència i Sostenibilitat i coordinador de Respon.cat, iniciativa empresarial per al desenvolupament de la RSE a Catalunya. També assessora en polítiques públiques i a organitzacions empresarials com la Cambra de Comerç de Barcelona i el Consell de Cambres de Comerç de Catalunya. Col·laborador docent en diferents universitats i programes formatius d'alta direcció.
     
    En les seues nombroses publicacions s'aborda la responsabilitat social des de diferents perspectives tant des de la visió de les administracions públiques com del sector empresarial, així com de les ONG's.
     
    Dins de la seua activitat ha desenvolupat models de RS per al sector no lucratiu (RSO), per al sector públic (RSA), per a microempreses, per a cadenes de provisió, per a dimensions específiques com la cultural o unes altres, i ha sigut el principal referent en la conceptualització i aplicació de Territori Socialment Responsable (TSR). 
     
     
     

    José María Martínez Santamaría

    És economista, amb més 20 anys d'experiència en l'àmbit del Desenvolupament Local.
     
    En l'actualitat és coordinador de promoció econòmica de l'Ajuntament de Paterna, i secretari de l'associació Paterna, Ciutat d'Empreses.
     
    A més de responsable de l'assessorament economicofinancer a emprenedors i pimes, la seua labor principal és la definició, la posada en marxa i la coordinació de totes les actuacions municipals orientades a la dinamització i la promoció de les àrees industrials de Paterna i l'increment de la competitivitat de les seues pimes, on juga un paper important el foment de la responsabilitat social de les empreses.
     
     
     

    Josep Vicent Mascarell Mascarell

    És director de l'Àrea de Persones, Responsabilitat Social Corporativa i Reputació de Balèaria, i exerceix també com a director de l'Escola d'empresa de Baleària (EdEB).
     
    Llicenciat en Filosofia i Ciències de l'Educació i màster universitari en Ètica i Democràcia, especialitat Ètica Empresarial.
     
    En la seua activitat com a docent, exerceix com a professor de l'escola d'empresaris EDEM, professor de la Càtedra de Cultura Empresarial de la Universitat de València, docent en el màster universitari d'Innovació i Desenvolupament de Projectes de Negoci en Florida Universitària, i professor convidat de l'assignatura «Mètode de planificació participativa de productes turístics culturals» del màster interuniversitari de Gestió Cultural (Universitat de València – Universitat Politècnica de València).
     
    Representant de Baleària en les entitats següents: Exceltur, Conexus, ADEIT (Càtedra Emprenedors), Cambra de Comerç d'Alacant, Institut Ignasi Vilallonga, EDEM i Étnor.
     
     
     

    José Antonio Navarro Vilar

    És llicenciat en Ciències del Treball i ha forjat la seua carrera professional en l'àmbit de diferents iniciatives comunitàries d'ocupació i d'altres projectes relacionats amb el desenvolupament local i l'ocupació.
     
    Gerent del Consorci Pactem Nord des de l'any 2002, ha dirigit diferents projectes impulsats per l'entitat en l'àmbit de l'ocupació, la promoció econòmica i la vertebració territorial.
     
    Dirigeix la col·lecció de l'entitat «Territori i polítiques socials» i és autor de diverses publicacions i informes, destacant: Análisis territorial de l'Horta Nord; La formación en el itinerario de inserción social y laboral; Herramientas de formación para la inserción laboral; i Formación profesional y mercado de trabajo en l'Horta Nord.
     
    Ha col·laborat amb la Universitat de València en el Postgrau de Govern Local, amb la Universitat CEU San Pablo i l'Observatori d'Economia Solidària en el Curs de Tècnic en Integració Laboral, en el marc del programa Incorpora de l'Obra Social de La Caixa i amb l'Institut Interuniversitari de la UV en les jornades anuals de Desenvolupament Local. 
     
     
     

    Remedios Pavón Roiz

    Des de 1994 és funcionària de carrera i exerceix el lloc de cap de l'Agència de Desenvolupament Local de l'Ajuntament de Castelló de la Plana, i també el lloc de gerent del Consorci del Pacte Local per l'Ocupació de Castelló des de la seua creació en 2010.
     
    Dirigeix també els serveis d'Orientació Laboral, Formació i Ocupació, de l'Ajuntament de Castelló, així com la Direcció de Programes d'Empreniment. Ha participat en la direcció de projectes europeus de formació i ocupació: URBAN, YOUTH STAR, EQUAL.
     
    Així mateix, gestiona el Grup de Bones Pràctiques de la Xarxa de Territoris Socialment Responsables (xarxa RETOS) del Ministeri de Treball i Seguretat Social des de la seua creació en 2008. 
     
     
     

    Jorge Villar Rodríguez

    És director de comunicació de l'Ajuntament d'Elx, labor que desenvolupa mentre gaudeix d'una excedència en l'empresa de la qual és soci fundador, Youknow ecommerce. En Youknow exercia des de fa 12 anys de director de projectes de comerç electrònic, amb clients com Amnistia Internacional, Greenpeace, Metges Sense Fronteres i Nach entre uns altres.
     
    Ha sigut docent en màrqueting online en l'Escola Superior de Màrqueting d'Alacant (ESUMA), Esden Business School, IEBS School, Unimooc, CMUA Universitat d'Alacant i en l'Escola d'Organització Industrial (EOI), a més de ponent en diferents xarrades, esdeveniments i congressos.
     
    És autor dels llibres Gestión y planificación de redes sociales profesionales (2016); Montar una tienda online (2013); i coautor de Change Marketers (2014).
     



    La participació en les diferents activitats previstes servirà a més per a generar aliances amb associacions ciutadanes, grups d’interés, intel·lectuals i experts, universitats, sectors creatius i culturals, entre altres agents socials i institucionals.

    La Seu Universitària Ciutat d’Alacant acollirà des d’aquest dilluns 9 i fins al 13 de juliol un conjunt d’activitats que es realitzaran durant la tercera edició del Fòrum Ètica Pública i Democràcia-Diàlegs d’Estiu.

    Durant les diferents sessions, la ciutadania podran acostar-se per a participar en les Converses Obertes sobre justícia; reptes socials, econòmics i polítics actuals; al voltant del moviment feminista; o la crisi ecològica, econòmica i d’atencions, entre altres assumptes d’actualitat amb, entre altres, Joaquim Bosch, Ignacio Escolar, Emilio Llepe d’Espinosa, Nicolás Sartorius, Cristina Almeida, Irantzu Varela o Yayo Herrero.

    Així mateix, es realitzaran diversos seminaris sobre fonamentalismes religiosos; la reforma de la Constitució Espanyola; geografia i transparència; desenvolupament sostenible; territoris socialment responsables; o participació juvenil. També s’impartiran tallers sobre innovació i ús de les xarxes socials en les administracions públiques; pactes d’Integritat; intel·ligència col·lectiva o pressupostos participatius.

    Al seu torn, s’està desenvolupant el cicle de Trobades del Consell amb la Ciutadania per a establir un diàleg obert i directe entre els membres del Govern valencià i representants de tot tipus d’organitzacions socials i persones que individualment puguen estar interessades a participar en aquestes converses que es realitzaran en diferents municipis de la Comunitat entre el 6 de 19 de juliol.
    Els ciutadans que vulguen participar en la tercera edició de Diàlegs