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          Raytheon, Lockheed, Northrop Grumman each win $4.1B defense contract      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Reported by SeekingAlpha 43 minutes ago.
          Raytheon, Lockheed, Northrop Grumman win $4.1 billion U.S. defense contract      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Raytheon Co , Lockheed Martin Corp and Northrop Grumman Corp are each being awarded a multiple award U.S. defense contract worth a maximum $4.1 billion for ballistic missile defense, the Pentagon said on Tuesday.

          ماذا يقول العلم عن أساطير التنانين الطائرة التي تنفث النار ؟      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
تنانين,تنين,تنانين طائرة,تنانين تنفث اللهب,النيران,ديناصورات,زواحف طائرة,سحالي طائرة,افعى طائرة,ثعابين تطير,حفريات,dragon
- من المؤكد أنك تعلم ان التنانين ما هي إلا حيوانات خرافية ضاربة في القدم , امتدت جذورها بعمق في مختلف ثقافات الحضارات القديمة , ولا سيما تلك التي قامت على اراضِ قارة آسيا وأوروبا في قديم الزمان كحضارات الصين القديمة واليابان وغيرها .
فمن المعروف أنه لم يتم اكتشاف اي حيوانات تتأجج النيران في جوفها في تاريخنا المعروف , ولكن على الرغم من ذلك توجد مخلوقات شبيهة بالتنانين وأقرب للسحالي في سجل الحفريات , ومازال موجود بعضها في البرية اليوم .

التنانين العملاقة الطائرة 

تنانين,تنين,تنانين طائرة,تنانين تنفث اللهب,النيران,ديناصورات,زواحف طائرة,سحالي طائرة,افعى طائرة,ثعابين تطير,حفريات,dragon

- يتفق العلماء عموماً على أنه كانت هناك ديناصورات مجنحة أو بالأحرى زواحف مجنحة طائرة جابت السماء منذ ملايين السنين وفقاً للسجل الإحفوري, وكانت كبيرة بما يكفي لترويع الناس وقتل الماشية - إذا ما تواجدت في زمن وجود الإنسان - وقد يكون بعض الأقدمين قد عثروا على عظام وهياكل تلك الزواحف الطائرة المدفونة في طبقات الصخور الرسوبية , فنسجوا حولها الحكايات والخرافات , التي توارثوها جيلاً من بعد جيل , وقاموا بتخيلها ورسمها وتدوين قصصاً بشأنها  حتى وصلت إلينا اليوم في شكل أساطير التنانين المعروفة .
ولعل أكبر الحيوانات الطائرة المعروفة كان الزاحف المجنح  Quetzlcoatlus northropi الذي عاش في أواخر العصر الطباشيري , واختلفت التقديرات حول طول جناحيه ولكن جاءت اكثر التقديرات دقة بتقدير طول جناحيه بحوالي 36 قدماً , مع وزن يتراوح بين  بين 200 و 250 كيلوغراماً (440 إلى 550 رطلاً) , بعبارة أخرى ، كان وزنه يعادل وزن النمر الحديث ، الذي يمكن أن يحمل فريسة بوزن انسان بالغ أو عنزة .

ماذا تعرف عن التنانين الطائرة الحقيقة ؟

- في حين أن تنانين الماضي كانت كبيرة بما يكفي لحمل خروف او إنسان , فإن التنين الحديث يتغذى على الحشرات وأحياناً الطيور وبعض الثدييات الصغيرة - وثسمى تلك الزواحف بالسحالي الإغوانية والتي تنتمي إلى عائلة الحرذونيات Agamidae , وتضم تلك العائلة تنانين البوجونا , وتنانين الماء الصينية بالإضافة إلى جنس دراكو البري .
wikipedia
 جنس الدراكو يُعد من التنانين الطائرة المنزلقة , حيث تنزلق طائرة لمسافات تصل إلى 60 متراً ( 200 قدم ) وذلك عن طريق بسط أضلاعها والنسيج المتصل بها بما يشبه الأجنحة , كما تستخدم ذيلها ورقبتها للحفاظ على توازن جسمها والتحكم في هبوطها .
يمكنك العثور على تلك السحالي الطائرة في جنوب شرق آسيا حيث انها شائعة نسبياً هناك .
يمكن أن تنمو تلك الزواحف لتصل إلى 20 سم ( 9,7 بوصة ) - لذلك لا داعي للقلق - فهي لن تستطيع أكلك ! 

تنانين تطير بدون أجنحة 

تنانين,تنين,تنانين طائرة,تنانين تنفث اللهب,النيران,ديناصورات,زواحف طائرة,سحالي طائرة,افعى طائرة,ثعابين تطير,حفريات,dragon
- في حين أن التنانين في الأساطير الأوربية عبارة عن وحوش مجنحة ضخمة , إلا أن التنانين في الأساطير الأسيوية هي أقرب إلى ثعابين ذات أرجل . 
على الرغم من أن معظمنا يفكر في الثعابين على أنها مخلوقات أرضية إلا أن هناك ثعابين ( تطير ) بمعنى أنها يمكن أن تنزلق عبر الهواء لمسافات طويلة , قد تصل إلى طول ملعب كرة قدم أو ضعف طول بركة السباحة الأوليمبية !
npr
افعى Chrysopelea الأسيوية , يمكنها أن تطير لمسافة تصل إلى 100 متر ( 330 قدماً ) و وذلك عن طريق تسطيح جسدها وليّه عدة مرات حتى تستطيع الوصول إلى أبعد مسافة ممكنة .
- الخلاصة أنه في حين أن الحيوانات المجنحة لا تستطيع الطيران من الناحية الفنية , إلا أنها يمكن أن تنزلق لمسافة طويلة إذا كان الحيوان يخزن غازات أخف من الهواء بطريقة أو بأخرى .

هل يمكن لبعض الحيوانات ان تنفث النيران ؟

تنانين,تنين,تنانين طائرة,تنانين تنفث اللهب,النيران,ديناصورات,زواحف طائرة,سحالي طائرة,افعى طائرة,ثعابين تطير,حفريات,dragon
حتى الآن , لم يتم العثور على حيوانات تنفث النيران - ومع ذلك , فليس من المستحيل على الحيوان ان يطرد اللهب , فعلى سبيل المثال - الخنفساء البومبارديية ( التي تتبع عائلة الخنافس الارضية ) يمكنها أن تُخزن الهيدروكينونات وبيروكسيد الهيدروجين في بطنها , وهو ما تقوم بإخراجه في شكل سوائل حارة وسامة لمحاربة الحيوانات المفترسة عندما تشعر بالتهديد .
لا يقتصر الامر على تلك الخنافس الأرضية فقط , فمعظم الكائنات الحية تُنتج مركبات قابلة للإشتعال , ومركبات تفاعلية , ومحفزات للتفاعل في معظم الأوقات , حتى البشر يستنشقون أكثر مما يحتاجون من الاكسجين .
 كما توجد في أجسام معظم الكائنات الحية أحماض تُستخدم في عملية الهضم , حيث يكون الناتج الميثان وهو منتج ثانوي قابل للإشتعال .
ولكن .. لا تقلق فكل شيء خلقه الله بقدر , وإلا كنا تحولنا جميعاً لكومة هائلة من الوقود الحي في كل وقت !
إقرأ أيضاً : مخلوقات أسطورية .. أسطورة التنين

المصدر/ thoughtco.com


          Northrop Grumman, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin to compete for $4.1B DoD contract      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
See the rest of the story here.

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          Northrop Grumman Awarded $128M Contract by US Army to Provide Operation and Sustainment of Live, Virtual and Constructive Training and Simulation Environments      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) has been selected by the U.S. Army to continue providing support for its Mission Command Training Center (MCTC). The new program, Mission Training Complex Contractor Support (MTCCS - III Corps), provides mission command training for a range of unified land operations in a contemporary operating environment. The $128 million contract will allow Northrop Grumman to continue providing live, virtual, constructive simulation-driven exercises, gaming-bas...

Read the full story at https://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=226356


          CNC Machinist - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Touch off tools on in all axis, up to 5. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible opportunities to work on revolutionary systems that impact people’s...
From Orbital ATK - Fri, 15 Jun 2018 03:35:05 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          High Rate Machinist - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Touch off tools on X,Z, and Y axis. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible opportunities to work on revolutionary systems that impact people’s lives...
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 09 Apr 2018 21:34:27 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Sr. Manufacturing Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Develop EB weld parameters and 5 axis CNC code, assist operations in EB welder machine setup and debug. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible...
From Orbital ATK - Fri, 23 Mar 2018 03:34:57 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
           1/32 Vought F4U-1 Corsair-"Birdcage"       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
1/32 Vought F4U-1 Corsair-This is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

The F4U-1 Corsair? was a truly unique aircraft, with a powerful 2,000hp engine and a massive 4m propeller, not to mention the highly characteristic inverted gull-wings. In October of 1940, it was the first American fighter to achieve a speed of 400mph (around 640kph). Initial production models of the aircraft featured a striking canopy called the "Birdcage". The aircraft took part in operations from February 1943, and with its powerful 12.7mm machine guns proved to be a formidable opponent for the Japanese Zero Fighters.
In order to capture the aircraft as accurately as possible, Tamiya designers not only inspected, measured and examined the real aircraft at five different museums across North America, they were also given access to Northrop-Grumman's blueprints. The result is a highly detailed and precise 1/32 scale model of the F4U-1 Corsair.
Scale 1/32
Construction type Assembly kit
Photo-etch parts Included
Decals Included
Special feature 1 Main landing gears can be depicted in raised or retracted position.
Special feature 2 Armament includes Mk. XLI bomb rack.
Special feature 3 Comes with 2 figures to depict pilot in seated or standing position.
Special feature 4 Synthetic rubber tires feature authentic tread patterns.
Special feature 5 3 sets of markings, painting guide and masking sticker to cover "birdcage" canopy.
Special feature 6 Comes with stand to depict the aircraft in airborne state.
Special feature 7 12-page commemorative booklet included
Special feature 8 2-piece engine cowl is removable even after completion
Special feature 9 Includes parts to construct canopy in open or closed position.
Special feature 10 Comes with 2 sets of rear fuselage parts to recreate initial or late production aircraft.

Buy Now
          Northrop Grumman собирается создать истребитель пятого поколения      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Стало известно о том, что представители американской компании Northrop Grumman заявили о желании создать истребитель пятого поколения, который потом может быть отдан на вооружение Воздушным силам самообороны Японии.
          Quality Control Technician 3 Job required to work based in East Hartford Connecticut (CT) - USA-CT-East Hartford      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Employer: Northrop Grumman Country: United States County/State: Connecticut (CT) City: East Hartford Address: Post Date: 10/07/2018 Adaptive Optics Associates - Xinetics (AOX), a wholly-owned Northrop...
          NGC Begins FRP of F-35 Lightning II Center Fuselage      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman Corporation’s (NYSE: NOC) center fuselage of the F-35 Lightning II recently entered full-rate production. This milestone marks the beginning of a 1.5-day production interval (PI) meaning a center fuselage will be produced every day and a half. “Our customers and warfighters deserve the best,” said Frank Carus, vice president and F-35 program manager, Northrop Grumman. “Every efficiency, every minute, and every dollar we save reduces costs and speeds up the F-35’s
          CNC Machinist - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Touch off tools on in all axis, up to 5. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible opportunities to work on revolutionary systems that impact people’s...
From Orbital ATK - Fri, 15 Jun 2018 03:35:05 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          High Rate Machinist - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Touch off tools on X,Z, and Y axis. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible opportunities to work on revolutionary systems that impact people’s lives...
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 09 Apr 2018 21:34:27 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Sr. Manufacturing Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Develop EB weld parameters and 5 axis CNC code, assist operations in EB welder machine setup and debug. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible...
From Orbital ATK - Fri, 23 Mar 2018 03:34:57 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Radar Market Outlook to 2025 By Leading Key Players L-3 Communications Holdings, Lockheed Martin, BAE Systems, Saab Group, Northrop Grumman Corporation      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
(EMAILWIRE.COM, July 11, 2018 ) The "Global Radar Market Analysis to 2025" is a specialized and in-depth study of the Radar industry with a focus on the global market trend. The report aims to provide an overview of global Radar market with detailed market segmentation by types, components, types...
          Java Software Engineer 3/4 - Biometrics - Northrop Grumman - Fairmont, WV      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is that kind of place! Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce....
From Northrop Grumman - Fri, 22 Jun 2018 10:36:43 GMT - View all Fairmont, WV jobs
          Senior Systems Architect 4 - Northrop Grumman - Clarksburg, WV      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman Technology Services sector is seeking a Sr. Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce....
From Northrop Grumman - Thu, 03 May 2018 10:36:37 GMT - View all Clarksburg, WV jobs
          Sr. Safety Coordinator - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems is currently seeking a Sr. Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce....
From Orbital ATK - Tue, 10 Jul 2018 03:34:09 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Mission Assurance/Quality Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Tue, 10 Jul 2018 03:34:09 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Lab Technician - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 02 Jul 2018 21:34:32 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Senior Desktop Technician - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems is currently seeking an experienced Sr. Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce....
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 25 Jun 2018 21:34:18 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          CNC Machinist - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Fri, 15 Jun 2018 03:35:05 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Materials Program Administrator - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Wed, 23 May 2018 21:35:14 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Principal Electrical Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 14 May 2018 21:35:38 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Sr Electrical Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 14 May 2018 21:35:04 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Associate Electrical Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Sat, 12 May 2018 03:35:03 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Supervisor Factory Operations - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Tue, 08 May 2018 21:35:15 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Sr. Manufacturing Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Thu, 26 Apr 2018 21:37:17 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Lab Manager - Defense Manufacturing - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Wed, 25 Apr 2018 21:57:31 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Mechanical Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 16 Apr 2018 21:44:55 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Assoc Mechanical Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Wed, 11 Apr 2018 03:34:58 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Entry Level Drafter/Designer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Tue, 10 Apr 2018 03:36:02 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          High Rate Machinist - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems designs, builds and delivers space, defense and...
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 09 Apr 2018 21:34:27 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Field Engineer 3- Airborne Radar - Northrop Grumman - Madison, WI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible opportunities to work on...
From Northrop Grumman - Fri, 22 Jun 2018 10:36:38 GMT - View all Madison, WI jobs
          Help Wanted - Northrop Awning Co - Janesville, WI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Now hiring at 411 South Pearl Street,...
From Job Spotter - Mon, 18 Jun 2018 00:36:49 GMT - View all Janesville, WI jobs
          Radar Market Outlook to 2025 By Leading Key Players L-3 Communications Holdings, Lockheed Martin, BAE Systems, Saab Group, Northrop Grumman Corporation      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
(EMAILWIRE.COM, July 11, 2018 ) The "Global Radar Market Analysis to 2025" is a specialized and in-depth study of the Radar industry with a focus on the global market trend. The report aims to provide an overview of global Radar market with detailed market segmentation by types, components, types...
          CNC Machinist - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Touch off tools on in all axis, up to 5. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible opportunities to work on revolutionary systems that impact people’s...
From Orbital ATK - Fri, 15 Jun 2018 03:35:05 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          High Rate Machinist - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Touch off tools on X,Z, and Y axis. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible opportunities to work on revolutionary systems that impact people’s lives...
From Orbital ATK - Mon, 09 Apr 2018 21:34:27 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Sr. Manufacturing Engineer - Orbital ATK - West Virginia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Develop EB weld parameters and 5 axis CNC code, assist operations in EB welder machine setup and debug. At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible...
From Orbital ATK - Fri, 23 Mar 2018 03:34:57 GMT - View all West Virginia jobs
          Robert E. Northrop      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Robert (“Buffy”) E. Northrop, 80, of Bethlehem, Conn., died on Sunday, July 1, 2018, at the VITAS Inpatient Unit at St. Mary’s Hospital, surrounded by his family and many close friends. He was soulmate and best friend of Christina Pratt, with whom he lived. Buffy was born in Waterbury on March 7, 1938, son of […]

The post Robert E. Northrop appeared first on The Martha's Vineyard Times.


          Single Family For Sale In Minneapolis, Mn (Real Estate Listings - Free Advertising) $258,000      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
This 4 beds home is nestled in the Shenandoah Terrace neighborhood also called Northrop Community. There are shops and dining very close by. Minnehaha Creek is just a block away with trails and paths! It has 1st floor family room and a large master bedroom. The garage is an overisized double. And it has a great deck off the family room. Bring your decorating ideas and make this charming home yours! Rare opportunity to build instant equity! For more information: https://realtyww.info/houses-villas-cottages-townhouses/homes/single-family-for-sale-in-minneapolis-mn_i1745686

          Notable Monday Option Activity: NOC, VICR, CATM      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Among the underlying components of the Russell 3000 index we saw noteworthy options trading volume today in Northrop Grumman Corp Symbol NOC where a total of 4 797 contracts have traded so far representing approximately 479 700 underlying shares That amounts to about 49 3 of NOC s
          Radar Market Outlook to 2025 By Leading Key Players L-3 Communications Holdings, Lockheed Martin, BAE Systems, Saab Group, Northrop Grumman Corporation      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
(EMAILWIRE.COM, July 11, 2018 ) The “Global Radar Market Analysis to 2025″ is a specialized and in-depth study of the Radar industry with a focus on the global market trend. The report aims to provide an overview of global Radar … Continue reading
          Rússia leva mantimentos da Terra para Estação Espacial em menos de 4 horas      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

A Rússia registrou um novo marco para missões espaciais. O país conseguiu levar uma espaçonave de carga em um intervalo recorde de apenas quatro horas entre a estação de lançamento no Cazaquistão e a Estação Espacial Internacional (ISS na sigla em inglês) em menos de quatro horas.

Às 18h51 desta segunda (9), o cargueiro chamado Progress 70 com suprimentos foi lançado da estação Baikonur Cosmodrome no Cazaquistão. A carga foi lançada usando um foguete Soyuz-2 e apenas três horas e quarenta minutos depois estava na ISS.

Com isso, a missão se transformou na mais veloz para a ISS, sendo que o recorde anterior era de cerca de seis horas.

Ao todo, a embarcação pesa três toneladas e carregou comida, combustível e alguns outros itens para os astronautas da Estação.

Para conseguir chegar no tempo recorde, a espaçonave deu duas voltas na órbita terrestre, chegando ainda ao seu destino 8 minutos antes do previsto. O recorde anterior, também da Rússia com o foguete Soyuz, precisou de quatro voltas na Terra para fazer o mesmo caminho.

Esta foi a terceira vez que os russos tentaram bater o recorde. Em outubro do ano passado e fevereiro deste ano, já haviam sido feitas viagens do tipo, mas ambas demoraram dois dias para conclusão. O problema teria sido que os dois lançamentos atrasaram, fazendo que a rota ideal de órbita para o trajeto não pudesse ser usada.

De acordo com a NASA, este cargueiro se manterá atracado à ISS até janeiro do ano que vem.

Além da Progress, outras duas missões recentemente levaram suprimentos para a Estação. A primeira delas foi um cápsula Dragon, da SpaceX e a espaçonave Cygnus, da empresa americana Northrop Grumman.   


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Target drone is a type of unmanned aerial vehicle, popularly used in the defense industry mostly for training in anti-aircraft warfare. Apart from this, it is used to simulate manned aircraft in radar, counter-air defense, and homeland security. In particular,

          For All His Bluster, Trump is Powerless Against NATO Allies — Here's Why      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Trump will gradually disappear from the stage. But other names will remain intact: Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Raytheon...

Donald Trump has leapt across the Atlantic Ocean to bring America’s European allies to heel. Or so his Twitter account suggests. In London, an orange effigy will fly above the city in welcome. Massive crowds will gather on Friday to greet him with jeers and boos. Trump has the ability to translate dissent into praise. He will see the crowds and preen. Surely, he is the most important American to set foot in the British Isles.

He will walk through the streets of Brussels, pretending to attack America’s NATO allies. He will wink to his base—telling them that he is being tough on everyone, not just China, but also Germany and France. His base will think that he is their champion, speaking for them in a voice that has not been heard before.

Others will be hoodwinked into the belief that Trump—yes, Trump alone—is somehow changing the terms of the great Atlantic relationship.

But this is all bunk. Trump is a deception. There is no change afoot. The United States will continue to fund European ‘defense,’ which is more accurately characterized as the U.S.-driven attempt to dominate Eurasia (Russia and China). The United States will continue to use NATO as much as possible to drive the agenda of Western-led imperialism. All this, the facts of the matter, will be set aside as the liberals cry out in horror about Trump’s political infidelities. How dare The Donald poke a finger in the ‘special relationship’ with the other colonizers, they say! They are outraged. The colonizers must stay together.

Two Donalds

Trump travels with his bludgeon—his Twitter account. He warned before he left for Europe that the Europeans must lift their military spending. This comes before the NATO summit, where Trump is expected to be as testy as he was in the Group of Seven (G7) summit in Canada. Then, Trump provoked a war of words with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Now, he seems to want to get into a war of words with all of Europe.

The Europeans (and the American establishment liberals) fear that Trump will break the Atlantic alliance—the linkage between Western Europe (substantially) and the United States. Old colonial ties and ties reaffirmed through the Group of Seven (G7) process brought the United States into a very tight embrace with France, Germany and the United Kingdom. Much was made during the Bush years of the New Europe (namely, Eastern Europe), but this was not serious. The real Atlantic alliance is between the U.S. (with Canada) and these three major European powers.

It is to this that European Council President Donald Tusk gestured when he said, “Dear America, appreciate your allies. After all, you don’t have that many.” This was a bitter statement. It comes from a former Prime Minister of Poland, who is now disliked in his own country. Tusk has thrown his fortunes into the European project. He worries on behalf of Berlin, London and Paris.

Donald Trump responded lightly. “We have many allies,” he said, brushing off the other Donald’s warning.

2 Percent Threshold

The United States—before Trump—and NATO itself had made low military spending in Europe an issue. It was NATO that agreed to the 2 percent of GDP threshold, arguing that each of the NATO member-states must lift their military spending to above 2 percent of GDP. The majority of European countries in NATO—24 of 28—spend well below that threshold. They have no real plans to lift their military obligations.

The 2 percent threshold provides Trump a Twitter-worthy argument. He knows that the U.S. is the largest spender on the military on the planet, and he knows that U.S. allies such as the European states, but also Japan and South Korea, have relied upon the U.S. military umbrella to protect them from threats. The United States spends close to 40 percent of all military spending on the planet. No country in Europe spends near U.S. levels. The United States and the European Union have a comparable GDP. The U.S. spends over 3 percent of its GDP on the military, whereas the European Union spends half that amount.

It is the United States that acts as the gendarme of the world’s monied. That has become its role. It is not the military of the people of the United States.

Trump’s Deceptions

While Trump fulminates about European military spending, the United States’ overall policy direction and contribution to European warfare has not diminished. It is one thing to go on Twitter to titillate one’s base and quite another to shift the policy.

All U.S. government strategic documents reaffirm the U.S.-European alliance and confirm that the main threats to this alliance are from China and Russia. This is the old game, the attempt to prevent the emergence of any challenges to the Atlantic alliance and the attempt to maintain Atlantic hegemony over decision making on issues of importance, namely trade and development. The most recent such document—the U.S. Secretary of Defense’s National Defense Strategy (February 2018)—makes just these points. The crucial sentence is this: “A strong and free Europe, bound by shared principles of democracy, national sovereignty and commitment to Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty is vital to our security.” Article 5 is the commitment made by all NATO members for collective defense.

But is Trump really going to starve NATO and the European alliance? There is no evidence of this. Trump has increased the U.S. military budget by gargantuan amounts—to the near astronomic levels of close to $800 billion (China, the second largest military spender, is at $230 billion). The numbers are at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and International Institute for Strategic Studies. Trump increased military spending by close to 10 percent. There is no hesitancy to spend money on the military, no desire to shift some of that treasure toward those who are out of work and desperate. None of that.

Part of this massive military budget—admittedly a small part—has gone toward the U.S.-European Defense Initiative. Trump has raised that amount from $3.4 billion to $6.5 billion. This Initiative is designed as a European and American response to “threats from Russia.” One of the key elements of this Initiative is, as the Comptroller of the U.S. Defense Department notes in February 2018, to “assure our NATO allies and partners of the United States’ commitment to Article 5 and the territorial integrity of all 28 NATO nations.” The next point is more sinister. It speaks of increasing the “capability and readiness of U.S. Forces, NATO allies and regional partners” to swiftly deal with any “regional adversary.” The finger is pointed at Russia. This has been U.S. policy since the unification of Germany, since the desire to move NATO eastwards and since the general consensus in the West to box in both Russia and China to prevent the development of any challenge to Western power.

Trump will make a great deal of noise about the 2 percent threshold and he will be aggressive in public against his European partners. The other Donald, Tusk of the European Council, will take the bait and the media will have a field day. But few will report that beneath this sturm und drang, this tempest, will be the normal, but deeply troubling military alliance of the Atlantic world.

Militaries will be heavily funded, arms dealers will preen, threats will be made to weaker powers, trade treaties will be forced on them, poverty will increase, rhetoric of hate will be normal, and the world will slip into the dark night of barbarism.

Trump will gradually disappear from the stage. So will Tusk. So will Merkel. But other names will remain intact: Lockheed Martin, Boeing, BAE Systems, Raytheon, Northrop Grumman, General Dynamics, Airbus, United Technologies, Leonardo-Finmeccanica, Thales Group, L-3 Communications, Rolls Royce… the smell of war, the putrid smell of a world of war.

This article was produced by Globetrotter, a project of the Independent Media Institute.

 

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          Stand-up Tragedy      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Hannah Gadsby builds her break-out Netflix stand-up special Nanette around an ingenious transgression. After wryly unwinding the basics of her autobiography—she’s a lesbian from Tasmania, where she faced intense bigotry—she enacts a second coming out, of sorts: She’s quitting comedy. “It’s probably not the forum to make such an announcement,” she says impishly, “in the middle of a comedy show.”

To an American audience, it verges on obscene to repudiate comedy like this. “We have praised [humor] so much that we have started an insincere cult,” the now-forgotten humorist Frank Moore Colby groused in his 1904 book Imaginary Obligations. A hundred years later, the cult is a full-fledged religion. As Ken Jennings writes in Planet Funny: How Comedy Took Over Our Culture (released just a few weeks before Nanette), “our god” is “funniness.” He cites, among other data, a recent survey finding that 88 percent of millennials define themselves by their sense of humor. “Don’t get me wrong,” says Jennings. “I’m still laughing, but it feels unsustainable.”

Gadsby is fine not laughing. After announcing her resignation, she starts calling back to material from earlier in the performance—commenting on it directly, echoing a phrase, extending a metaphor—to reveal new, painful layers of meaning. Near the beginning, we hear a funny story about an encounter with an ignorant homophobe; much later, we learn that it ended with Gadsby getting brutally beaten. She had minimized her trauma to get a laugh from the audience. For Gadsby, this kind of self-erasure is an expression of deep shame—but the alternative, raging polemic, is no better. “I don’t want to unite you with laughter or anger,” she says. “I just need my story heard.”

The response to Nanette has been ecstatic. Critics have called it “radical, transformative,” and “devastating,” a “game changer” that “rewrites the way we tell jokes.” On Twitter, where close-captioned stills have circulated as memes, people like it even more. I share the enthusiasm: I saw Gadsby perform a version of the show in New York, in April; cried during the gay parts; and sent my parents. The special’s “rapturous reception,” wrote Rachel Syme in the New Republic, “may be a sign that the industry is changing, or at least that it is in desperate need of change.”

Something is changing, but it’s broader than the comedy industry. Nanette challenges an idea of comedy, humor as truth-telling, that passed as common sense until pretty recently. Over the past two years, that idea has come in for a bruising—if not on the stage, certainly in the public square, where buffoonish politicians, racist trolls, and abusive comedians have stoked a debate about the perils of irony. This show ought to be seen as a product of that debate: When you take the anti-irony train all the way to the end of the line, one place you can end up is Nanette.

But the tracks branch in many directions. The trails that minority groups have blazed through American popular culture—the ways these groups have figured out how to entertain the general public without sacrificing dignity—form a vast network. The stand-up tradition in which Gadsby has worked is one path, but there are others, and they’re seeing plenty of new traffic.

* * *

Stand-up itself was once a new path: the means by which members of one American minority, heterosexual Jewish men, exploited and transformed their image in popular culture. “To be a Jewish comedian … meant to think of civilization as a scam,” John Limon writes in his theoretical examination of the art form. Stand-up was a sort of consensual scamming, a mutually sadomasochistic relationship between performer and audience: The comic “wishes to humiliate them and they submit; but they think he is childish for craving their unchallengeable approval, and they know this.”

Limon links the development of stand-up to the rise of the suburbs, an idealized American pastoral environment. The aim of the early stand-ups was to forge—in the midst of the squalid city, a swamp of mistrust—a little suburbanoid paradise. The way to be true was to acknowledge, communally, that no one was true. Or, as Gadsby puts it, “Nobody is leaving this room a better person. We’re just rolling around in our own shit here.”

That sentiment, arguably the mission statement of Lenny Bruce, lands in 2018 as a punchline, a heresy. It wouldn’t get the big laugh it does, though, if the audience weren’t primed for it—not by professional comedy but by the past few years of news, which have steadily fed suspicion that humor itself might be part of how the big scam works.

Nanette is highly alert to this context. After suggesting that uptight white men might benefit from (repurposing an earlier refrain) a “good dicking,” Gadsby excuses herself for the “locker room talk”: “Just jokes, just banter.” It’s one of the first times she veers from placating the crowd to bullying it—at the performance I saw, she screamed it at an individual male audience member—and it conjures up a whole linguistic crisis. The phrase locker room talk lost all its credibility in one appalling instant, but just jokes—and just kidding, not to mention just trollinghave lost theirs, too, over time.

There were clear inflection points: in August 2016, for example, when Trump joked that “Second Amendment people” would be the only remedy to judges appointed by his opponent. In response to that comment, in a viral Twitter thread about just joking, a lawyer named Jason P. Steed declared that “nobody is ever ‘just joking’ ” because “humor is a social act that performs a social function” (with the “big caveat” in tweet No. 20 that humor “is complicated” and “always a matter of interpretation”). Steed’s thread was touted in left-wing media, where Trump-as-comedian remained a source of anxiety until we had to deal with Trump-as-president.

Other commentators, in the panicked months after the election, set out to tear the veil of irony from the ideology of the alt-right (which had been squabbling over its ideology for months). The violence at Charlottesville, Virginia, seemed to fulfill the darkest of these warnings, to prove that all the trolls had meant it since the beginning. In a prescient essay published in the Baffler in the rally’s immediate aftermath, Angela Nagle judged that “ironic dodges” had now become “foreclosed to the alt-right.”

Anxiety about humor in politics turned out to be good practice for anxiety about humor in comedy. When Louis C.K.—an icon of comic abjection—was exposed as a serial sexual harasser, critics reassessing his work all but classified him as a troll. Far from “brutal honesty,” his art now felt “like a smokescreen,” David Sims wrote in the Atlantic, “less truthful and even more self-involved.” Slate’s Willa Paskin described Louie as “a kind of propaganda for the decency of Louis C.K.” This spring, when Bill Cosby was convicted of sexual assault, Wesley Morris branded Cliff Huxtable “a smoke screen for his ghastly conquests” in the New York Times.

Those denunciations apply specifically to confirmed sexual predators. The shift in critical thought, however, has reflected—and presumably propelled—a shift in the practice of comedy. (Nanette has a critical sibling in Lauren Berlant’s essay about Al Franken, on the thin line between joking and predation.) It’s no longer merely childish for a performer to crave approval from an audience: We know that that approval can be converted into real power and abused.
It’s not so funny to go around presenting yourself as an honest huckster, as the only pervert or scammer who’s willing to admit it.

* * *

But you don’t have to redeem that squalid city, the swamp of mistrust in which stand-up took root. You can leave it all—the city, the stand-up—behind; you can walk out of Sodom. Nanette plays out as a farewell not only to comedy, but also to the city and its meanings: the melting pot, the violent mob. Gadsby explains that the idea for the show originated in a small town. It’s there that she met the eponymous Nanette, a humorless barista (a “furious thumb in an apron,” as Gadsby put it at the live performance I saw). Gadsby’s case for humorlessness is also an apology for the rustics: the Nanettes, the Tasmanians, above all Gadsby’s mother—whom Gadsby echoes in her epilogue when she asks that the audience think “with minds of their own.”

That reluctance to “unite” her audience may be the most radical thing about Gadsby’s act. If “the theme of the comic,” as Northrop Frye writes, is “the integration of society,” Nanette is nearer to the tragic: a tale of society’s disintegration, centered on someone who has both perpetrated and suffered from its dysfunction. It really does hit the beats of tragedy, climaxing in an anagnorisis—Gadsby’s realization, about her coming out, that she “froze an incredibly formative experience at its trauma point and turned it into jokes”—followed by a peripeteia, utter humiliation, her cry that it would have been “more humane” to kill her than to subject her to the life she has lived. After resolving on a kind of exile (she can “fit in” nowhere), she pleads with the audience to “take care of my story,” striking a familiar chord:

If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart

Absent thee from felicity a while,

And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain

To tell my story.

Though capital-T tragic wisdom may be rare in stand-up, Gadsby is not alone among comics in her affinity for the deadly serious. Jason Zinoman of the New York Times, in his list of the comedy highlights of 2017, noted that “the most memorable moments of the year were not funny,” and included among them the finale of Nathan for You, which—like Nanette—restores humanity to the butt of a joke through straight-faced storytelling. In Vulture’s list of the best stand-up specials last year, Jesse David Fox gave the top spot to Jerrod Carmichael’s pensive 8, writing that it made him wonder, “How funny should stand-up be?”

This seriousness can, like Gadsby’s, be a kind of feminist protest. Rachel Withers, reviewing Nanette for Slate, cataloged “a wave of female comedians,” including Amy Schumer and Cameron Esposito, “turning around to say, ‘Actually, that’s not funny’ of their own jokes.” Eighth Grade, the first feature film from Bo Burnham—whose stand-up material has dealt obsessively with the phoniness of comedy, and who directed 8—tracks a teenage girl at a meme-saturated school learning to assert herself both against and through humor.

Some of these comics are looking to generate solidarity; others are emphatically introverted. In 8, Carmichael repeatedly labels interpersonal responsibilities—to a hypothetical girlfriend, to a hypothetical child, to the black community—“exhausting.” Gadsby, similarly, says she identifies less as a lesbian than as “tired,” and describes feeling alienated from gaudy gay pride celebrations. She has mentioned in an interview with the New Yorker that Nanette is, obliquely, about receiving a late diagnosis of autism.

The breed of stand-up Nanette renounces is central to comedy as we think of it, but it won’t be for much longer. For all the evolution it has undergone, it still reflects the viewpoint of its postwar forefathers: the old wisdom—distinctively Jewish but broadly useful in urbanizing America—that, in a society where no one trusts each other, only an avowed shyster can be trusted. Now that we’re all avowed shysters, nobody is.

* * *

That doesn’t mean that it’s time, as Gadsby suggests, to demote “laughter” to a sweetener in the “bitter medicine” of “stories.” (As an artistic prescription, this is so vague that we’ll never know if anyone follows it.) But we should be optimistic, because there are numerous American performance traditions that are funny, and dignified, and they will eat old-fashioned confessional stand-up alive.

Look back at Sodom. As E. Alex Jung wrote recently in Vulture, queer comics in New York have developed a distinctly gay paradigm that is beginning to dominate stage performance there and in Los Angeles. These comics, for the most part, are aesthetes, transgressing through an obsession with—not a crusade against—the superficial. This is what Billy Eichner, John Early, and Guy Branum are doing when they fetishize pop culture, and what Julio Torres is doing in his fantasies of fairy-tale luxury.

There’s an element here of abjection through narcissism, standard rolling-in-the-shit fare for young Brooklynites—but also way more. John Early, at a recent performance, ramped up from jokey jokes to a virtuosic minute-long spoken lip-sync to a video of Janet Jackson. Torres’ best Saturday Night Live sketches are not only about beauty but the closest thing to beautiful on that show. Eichner can be downright cruel. It’s camp, concerned far less with “brutal honesty” than with the beguiling artificiality of culture itself.

Look, too, to the way black American artists have dealt with the problem of pleasing the crowd. In the early 20th century, as black intellectuals began charting a course for black art, they wrestled vigorously with how to rescue comedy from minstrelsy. It was a central debate of the Harlem Renaissance, producing—among much other critical writing and fiction—Not Without Laughter, Langston Hughes’ 1930 celebration of the binding power of humor in black communities.

Among contemporary comedians, Donald Glover deals constantly with this tension. His main projects are focused less on laughter than on its borderlands: atrocity and festivity, sometimes simultaneously, always linked to their racial contexts. Atlanta is very often not funny and might be mistaken for a heart-baring “sadcom”; its moroseness, though, is deliberately impersonal. When it chooses to go full comedy—as in its episode-long BET parody—it does so at the expense of mass appeal, in proud loyalty to the subcultural. That’s delightful in itself.

None of this is to suggest that the “bitter medicine” isn’t important, or that Gadsby has misdiagnosed the pathologies of stand-up. Her argument that marginalized people should not have to put themselves down “in order to seek permission to speak” is undeniable. Nor do I believe that the alternate comic traditions I’ve mentioned accommodate the full range of human experience. It’s worth noting that gay male camp can be a terrible frame for women’s pain. (Early’s Janet Jackson lip-sync is … complex.) It’s worth noting, too, the black artists—like Dick Gregory and Hughes himself—who have leaned back from comedy during periods of struggle.

But when Gadsby talks about “permission to speak,” she is talking about permission from a mass, undifferentiated audience—something that seems less and less desirable, or even possible. (Berlant, in her essay on Franken, suggests that the necessary trust is missing.) It also seems less necessary for today’s comics to succeed. Among female comedians, “weird” female stand-ups in New York ditched mainstream clubs to carve out the spaces where the interesting stuff (including queer comedy) is taking place. Mikaella Clements at the Outline has detected a dyke camp sensibility entering pop culture, led by gay women and “not particularly interested in being palatable for or even attended to by straight people.” Paskin recently suggested that the playfulness of female-led television—its ability to deal with serious themes in diverse registers—has depended, for better or worse, on its freedom from a male audience.

The niches for niche humor are not predetermined. They can, with effort, be created. That’s the force of Taylor Mac’s 24-hour-long, ultra-campy revisionist history of American popular music—not comedy, but obviously better. In comedy proper, Maria Bamford, Fred Armisen, and Tim Heidecker are among the artists testing what it means to invent and affirm subcultural fandoms. If we can’t find community in consensual scamming, maybe we can find it here: in subcultures, of identity and of taste; in shared ambivalence toward a common inheritance; with minds not of our own, exactly, but not of the mob, either.


          For All His Bluster, Trump is Powerless Against NATO Allies — Here's Why      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Trump will gradually disappear from the stage. But other names will remain intact: Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Raytheon...

Donald Trump has leapt across the Atlantic Ocean to bring America’s European allies to heel. Or so his Twitter account suggests. In London, an orange effigy will fly above the city in welcome. Massive crowds will gather on Friday to greet him with jeers and boos. Trump has the ability to translate dissent into praise. He will see the crowds and preen. Surely, he is the most important American to set foot in the British Isles.

He will walk through the streets of Brussels, pretending to attack America’s NATO allies. He will wink to his base—telling them that he is being tough on everyone, not just China, but also Germany and France. His base will think that he is their champion, speaking for them in a voice that has not been heard before.

Others will be hoodwinked into the belief that Trump—yes, Trump alone—is somehow changing the terms of the great Atlantic relationship.

But this is all bunk. Trump is a deception. There is no change afoot. The United States will continue to fund European ‘defense,’ which is more accurately characterized as the U.S.-driven attempt to dominate Eurasia (Russia and China). The United States will continue to use NATO as much as possible to drive the agenda of Western-led imperialism. All this, the facts of the matter, will be set aside as the liberals cry out in horror about Trump’s political infidelities. How dare The Donald poke a finger in the ‘special relationship’ with the other colonizers, they say! They are outraged. The colonizers must stay together.

Two Donalds

Trump travels with his bludgeon—his Twitter account. He warned before he left for Europe that the Europeans must lift their military spending. This comes before the NATO summit, where Trump is expected to be as testy as he was in the Group of Seven (G7) summit in Canada. Then, Trump provoked a war of words with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Now, he seems to want to get into a war of words with all of Europe.

The Europeans (and the American establishment liberals) fear that Trump will break the Atlantic alliance—the linkage between Western Europe (substantially) and the United States. Old colonial ties and ties reaffirmed through the Group of Seven (G7) process brought the United States into a very tight embrace with France, Germany and the United Kingdom. Much was made during the Bush years of the New Europe (namely, Eastern Europe), but this was not serious. The real Atlantic alliance is between the U.S. (with Canada) and these three major European powers.

It is to this that European Council President Donald Tusk gestured when he said, “Dear America, appreciate your allies. After all, you don’t have that many.” This was a bitter statement. It comes from a former Prime Minister of Poland, who is now disliked in his own country. Tusk has thrown his fortunes into the European project. He worries on behalf of Berlin, London and Paris.

Donald Trump responded lightly. “We have many allies,” he said, brushing off the other Donald’s warning.

2 Percent Threshold

The United States—before Trump—and NATO itself had made low military spending in Europe an issue. It was NATO that agreed to the 2 percent of GDP threshold, arguing that each of the NATO member-states must lift their military spending to above 2 percent of GDP. The majority of European countries in NATO—24 of 28—spend well below that threshold. They have no real plans to lift their military obligations.

The 2 percent threshold provides Trump a Twitter-worthy argument. He knows that the U.S. is the largest spender on the military on the planet, and he knows that U.S. allies such as the European states, but also Japan and South Korea, have relied upon the U.S. military umbrella to protect them from threats. The United States spends close to 40 percent of all military spending on the planet. No country in Europe spends near U.S. levels. The United States and the European Union have a comparable GDP. The U.S. spends over 3 percent of its GDP on the military, whereas the European Union spends half that amount.

It is the United States that acts as the gendarme of the world’s monied. That has become its role. It is not the military of the people of the United States.

Trump’s Deceptions

While Trump fulminates about European military spending, the United States’ overall policy direction and contribution to European warfare has not diminished. It is one thing to go on Twitter to titillate one’s base and quite another to shift the policy.

All U.S. government strategic documents reaffirm the U.S.-European alliance and confirm that the main threats to this alliance are from China and Russia. This is the old game, the attempt to prevent the emergence of any challenges to the Atlantic alliance and the attempt to maintain Atlantic hegemony over decision making on issues of importance, namely trade and development. The most recent such document—the U.S. Secretary of Defense’s National Defense Strategy (February 2018)—makes just these points. The crucial sentence is this: “A strong and free Europe, bound by shared principles of democracy, national sovereignty and commitment to Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty is vital to our security.” Article 5 is the commitment made by all NATO members for collective defense.

But is Trump really going to starve NATO and the European alliance? There is no evidence of this. Trump has increased the U.S. military budget by gargantuan amounts—to the near astronomic levels of close to $800 billion (China, the second largest military spender, is at $230 billion). The numbers are at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and International Institute for Strategic Studies. Trump increased military spending by close to 10 percent. There is no hesitancy to spend money on the military, no desire to shift some of that treasure toward those who are out of work and desperate. None of that.

Part of this massive military budget—admittedly a small part—has gone toward the U.S.-European Defense Initiative. Trump has raised that amount from $3.4 billion to $6.5 billion. This Initiative is designed as a European and American response to “threats from Russia.” One of the key elements of this Initiative is, as the Comptroller of the U.S. Defense Department notes in February 2018, to “assure our NATO allies and partners of the United States’ commitment to Article 5 and the territorial integrity of all 28 NATO nations.” The next point is more sinister. It speaks of increasing the “capability and readiness of U.S. Forces, NATO allies and regional partners” to swiftly deal with any “regional adversary.” The finger is pointed at Russia. This has been U.S. policy since the unification of Germany, since the desire to move NATO eastwards and since the general consensus in the West to box in both Russia and China to prevent the development of any challenge to Western power.

Trump will make a great deal of noise about the 2 percent threshold and he will be aggressive in public against his European partners. The other Donald, Tusk of the European Council, will take the bait and the media will have a field day. But few will report that beneath this sturm und drang, this tempest, will be the normal, but deeply troubling military alliance of the Atlantic world.

Militaries will be heavily funded, arms dealers will preen, threats will be made to weaker powers, trade treaties will be forced on them, poverty will increase, rhetoric of hate will be normal, and the world will slip into the dark night of barbarism.

Trump will gradually disappear from the stage. So will Tusk. So will Merkel. But other names will remain intact: Lockheed Martin, Boeing, BAE Systems, Raytheon, Northrop Grumman, General Dynamics, Airbus, United Technologies, Leonardo-Finmeccanica, Thales Group, L-3 Communications, Rolls Royce… the smell of war, the putrid smell of a world of war.

This article was produced by Globetrotter, a project of the Independent Media Institute.

 

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