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          Cazadores de Africa La manada adolescente | Capitulo 5 online      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Cazadores de Africa La manada adolescente | Capitulo 5 La manada de leones Nsefu podría ser perfecta, con sus seis nuevos cachorros, machos fuertes para defenderlos y el mejor territorio del río Luangwa, en Zambia. El problema es que también hay miembros adolescentes. Son siete leones desgarbados en plena pubertad que están aprendiendo a cazar, […]

La entrada Cazadores de Africa La manada adolescente | Capitulo 5 online aparece primero en Documentales online gratis en español sin cortes.

          AMZER® Designer Case - Love For Zambia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
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          Jasper52 auction to offers jewels worthy of a crown July 5      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Nearly 150 lots of precious loose gemstones and diamonds worthy of a ring, necklace or even a crown are available in a Jasper52 online auction July 5. This auction showcases magnificent jewels in a variety of cuts and colors, from GIA fancy diamonds to glowing Zambian emeralds. View the auction. Learn more about the auction […]
          Comment on Alipay and WeChat Pay Coming to Kenya via Equitel by June in Africa: Google balloons, ICOs, and internet shutdowns | Everyday News Update      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[…] Accelerator Africa. Chinese firms launched a $10 billion USD satellite TV project in Zambia, while Alipay and WeChat Pay are both now available in […]
          Comment on Alipay and WeChat Pay Coming to Kenya via Equitel by June in Africa: Web balloons, running a blog crackdown, ICOs - Global News Center      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[…] Chinese companies launched a $10 billion USD satellite tv for computer TV mission in Zambia, while Alipay and WeChat Pay are each and each now available in the market in […]
          Comment on Alipay and WeChat Pay Coming to Kenya via Equitel by Google balloons, ICOs, and internet shutdowns - RareTechNews      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[…] Accelerator Africa. Chinese firms launched a $10 billion USD satellite TV project in Zambia, while Alipay and WeChat Pay are both now available in […]
          Pictures from Zambia Well      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The post Pictures from Zambia Well appeared first on Teen Missions International.

 | Pirates take pre-season to Zambia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Orlando Pirates have left the country for a pre-season camp in Zambia as they step-up their preparations for the new season.
          Amajita held to an entertaining 3-all draw by Zambia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Burger-King sponsored South Africa's national under-20, Amajita, were held to an entertaining 3-3 draw by host Zambia, after Francisco Mwepu scored a crucial equalizer with a header just five minutes after Amajita were in the lead.Both sides used this ...
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          Zim gears for netball champs      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Ellina Mhlanga Sports Reporter ZIMBABWE’S senior netball team will get down to business this Sunday as they regroup in Harare for the African Senior Championships in Lusaka, Zambia next month. The championships, set for August 13 to 19, are acting as the 2019 World Cup qualifier and will see eight countries – Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, […]
          Malawi:Child Marriages Rise in Border District With Zambia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[Nyasa Times] Mchinji Social Welfare Officer, Rodwell Chunga, says the central region border district with Zambia continues to grapple with child abuse issues as his office is registering two cases every week involving defilement and child marriages.
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SADC Develops Regional Strategy on Women, Peace and Security
10 JUL, 2018 - 00:07
Nyarai Kampilipili Correspondent

Southern Africa has developed a regional framework that will serve as a guide on mainstreaming gender into the regional peace and security systems and processes.

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretariat a recent meeting of senior officials responsible for gender and women affairs in the region that the strategy will be launched at the SADC Summit of Heads of State and Government scheduled for August 17-18 in Windhoek, Namibia.

The SADC Regional Strategy on Women, Peace and Security (2018-2022) aims to address challenges experienced by women and children by ensuring that they fully participate in peace and security activities, programmes and projects in the region.

The strategy was first presented to senior officials at their meeting in Ezulwini, the Kingdom of Eswatini, in 2017 and was further presented to the Ministerial Council of the Organ for approval.

The development of the strategy involved various stakeholders who included gender and security experts from all the SADC member states.

The strategy and its accompanying action plan are to be implemented from 2018-2022 and member states have been urged to develop national action plans and mobilise resources to implement proposed activities at national level.

Southern Africa is making significant progress towards promoting gender equality and equity in the region. However, there is need to maintain the momentum and push forward the regional gender agenda, particularly in issues to do with peace and security.

This requires intensification of regional efforts to mainstream gender into peacebuilding and conflict resolution processes if sustainable peace is to be achieved.

Although progress is being made in the development of strategies that mainstream gender in peace and security matters, the number of women and children being affected by conflict remains high.

High-ranking women in the security sector in SADC member states remains low.

For example, only three SADC member states have had women ministers of defence in the period 2009-2018. These are Botswana, Madagascar and South Africa.

South Africa remains the only country in SADC with a woman Minister of Defence who has held the position since 2012.

According to a 2015 UN Women report, women constitute fewer than 10 percent of peace negotiators globally, and only three percent of signatories to peace agreements.

In this regard, there is need to include more women in peace processes so that their issues are mainstreamed into the negotiations.

Other key issues being discussed by the SADC senior officials responsible for gender and women affairs during the annual meeting include the need to expedite processes towards combating trafficking in persons; accelerating efforts towards achieving 50:50 representation in politics and decision-making and the need for member states that have not signed the Agreement Amending the SADC Protocol on Gender and Development to do so.

To date only Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mozambique, eSwatini, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe have signed the agreement amending the protocol while Namibia and South Africa have indicated that they will sign during the SADC Summit in Namibia.

The senior officials responsible for gender and women affairs meet prior to the annual meeting of SADC ministers responsible for gender and women affairs.

The ministers meeting will discuss the SADC regional gender programme and share progress towards the implementation of gender commitments made by the countries.

A total of 11 SADC member states – Angola, Botswana, DRC, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Tanzania, South Africa, Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are attended the meeting, which ran from July 3-5 in Johannesburg.


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$4,5bn Batoka Deal to Create 6 000 Jobs
09 JUL, 2018 - 00:07
Levi Mukarati recently in Bindura
Zimbabwe Herald

Zimbabwe and Zambia have agreed on principles for the $4,5 billion Batoka Gorge Hydro Electricity project secured by Harare, paving way for a technical meeting this week between experts from two the countries, President Mnangagwa has said.

Zimbabwe recently received an expression of interest from General Electric Africa to undertake the 1 600 megawatt power project along the Zambezi River, co-owned with Zambia.

The project is expected to create 6 000 jobs.

The project will ease power shortages in Zimbabwe and Zambia, with a huge potential to supply other regional countries.

Addressing a bumper crowd at Chipadze Stadium on Saturday, President Mnangagwa said the project had his blessings and those of Zambian President Edgar Lungu.

“We have the Batoka Gorge project along the Zambezi River; the feasibility studies have been completed,” said President Mnangagwa.

“There are three companies that are applying to do the project and we are assessing their capability.

“It is a $4,5 billion project and we are doing it in partnership with the Zambian Government. I wrote to my Zambian counterpart President (Edgar) Lungu and he responded favourably to what we had agreed.

“So next week, I would be sending my experts on the project and President Lungu will also be sending his team of experts so that they collectively work on the intricate details of the project.

“But at our levels as Presidents, that is myself and (President) Lungu, we have agreed that the project must go ahead.”

The development comes as Zimbabwe has set in motion a number of electricity generation projects that are envisaged to see the country produce surplus power in the next five years.

President Mnangagwa, a fortnight ago, launched the $1,5 billion Hwange Power Station Unit 7 and 8 construction project which is set to add 600 megawatts to the national grid.

The project comes after the successful completion of the Kariba South expansion venture that has an output of 300 megawatts.

Zimbabwe has also secured an investor for a coal-bed methane gas project in Matabeleland North Province.

The country is currently producing about 1 200 megawatts of electricity against a demand of 1 400MW during peak period.

The Batoka Gorge project engineering and legal assessments were carried out in 2016, but there were delays in the implementation.

Early this year, General Electric Africa approached Parliament of Zimbabwe expressing interest to invest in the multi-billion-dollar venture.

General Electric Africa director (originations) Reginald Max told a Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Mines and Energy then that the company had the financial capability to undertake the project.

“We have a clear track record and we have the financial muscle to undertake the project,” he said.

“We believe that power assets such as Batoka should be owned by the State.

“We will invest to develop the power station, but ownership will be retained by Zimbabweans (and Zambians),” said Mr Max.

Under the Batoka project, Zimbabwe and Zambia will share the electricity equally when generation commences.

The project is being implemented under the auspices of the Zambezi River Authority, a bi-national organisation mandated to operate, monitor and maintain the Kariba Dam Complex as well as exploit the full potential of the Zambezi River.

Project specifications by the Zambezi River Authority show the scheme will be undertaken on a build, operate and transfer basis upstream of the Kariba Dam hydroelectric scheme.

“The proposed scheme includes a 181m high roller compacted concrete gravity arch dam, radial gated crest type spillway, two underground power stations on each side of the river with four 200 megawatt Francis turbines installed in each, giving a total capacity of 1600 megawatts for the scheme,” states the ZRA on its website.

“The scheme is designed as a run of the river scheme with an estimated average energy generation of 8 700GWh/year.”

Zimbabwe has over the past seven months under a new administration witnessed renewed investor confidence with a number of deals being secured and projects taking off the ground.

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ED to Kick Start Border Post Modernization
Thupeyo Muleya
Beitbridge Bureau
Zimbabwe Herald

President Mnangagwa will tomorrow visit Beitbridge Border Post for a groundbreaking ceremony to begin works on the mordernisation of the country’s and sadc’s busiest inland port as part of Government’s initiative to facilitate ease of doing business.

The President recently said Cabinet had approved the upgrading of the border post.

In addition, President Mnangagwa said he had since met with the directors of the company that won the tender to upgrade the border post.

Presidential spokesperson Mr George Charamba confirmed the visit last night.

“The President will be visiting Beitbridge on Wednesday (tomorrow) for a ground-breaking ceremony for the upgrading and expansion of the border post,” he said.

By the end of day yesterday, senior Government officials from Matabeleland South province were still locked in meetings and attending to logistical issues ahead of the President’s visit.

Chairperson of the Beitbridge State functions committee, Mrs Kiliboni Ndou-Mbedzi, who is also the District Administrator said the stage was now set for the ground breaking ceremony.

“We have covered enough ground in terms of logistics and as we speak people are busy on the ground preparing the venue,” she said.

Addressing a rally at Phelandaba Stadium, in Gwanda recently, President Mnangagwa said that the New Administration’s re-engagement initiative has seen Zimbabwe joining Zambia and Botswana in the construction of Kazungula Bridge.

“I have already met with the directors of the company that won the tender to mordernise and upgrade Beitbridge border post and they gave me assurance that all was on track.

“We are hopeful that the project will be taking off soon. In addition, we are also working on implementing the one-stop border post with Zambia and Botswana at Kazungula. Through re-engagement Zimbabwe is now part of the Kazungula Bridge project,” he said.

In his 2018 National Budget, the Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Patrick Chinamasa allocated $14,5m towards upgrading infrastructure at sadc’s busiest inland port.

According to the budget statement; “A total of $4,2million will be spent on relocating the Vehicle Inspectorate Department (VID) from the border.

          Zambia will not introduce tax on social media – Communication Minister      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Zambia is now the latest African country that is mulling a social media shutdown due to such problems as porn and cybercrime. Last week, Zambia said it will introduce new tough laws to regulate social media use to fight cyber-crime and combat the consumption of pornography in the conservative African country. Communication Minister Brian Mushimba […]

The post Zambia will not introduce tax on social media – Communication Minister appeared first on TECH dot AFRICA.

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China, African Trade Hits $170b Yearly
China’s bilateral cooperation with Africa has grown phenomenally in the past 40 years with trade leaping from $765 million to $170 billion a year.

China’s Deputy Foreign Minister Chen Xiaodong said the growth was on the basis of interlocking interests since 1978.

The minister said this has therefore made China Africa’s largest trading partner during the last few decades.

In the same period Chinese investment in Africa reached a cumulative $ 110 billion.

Chen said Africa’s debt to her country is economically sustainable and should be no cause for alarm.

Chen, made the announcement in Beijing on Wednesday at the opening session of the 7th Forum of the China-Africa Expert Committee.

“China is attentive to the situation in Africa and seeks to help the continent to contain the risks of debt and relieve the pressure of payment,” the minister pointed out.

The minister said that Beijing also encourages companies in her country to do more investments as well as to explore new models such as public-private partnerships.

China, the official said, understands the importance of debt sustainability in Africa, thereby helping the continent to improve its investment environment.

China’s investments on the continent range from Zambian power plants, Egyptian trade deals, cobalt mines in Congo, rail links in East Africa and infrastructure in Equatorial Guinea.
          Remittance rip-offs      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

All over the world migrant workers are sending money home to their families. The money pays hospital bills and school fees, buys land, builds houses and sets up small businesses. The cash goes from the US back to Mexico, from the Gulf back to India, from the UK back to Somalia, and from South Africa back to Malawi, Zimbabwe and the rest of southern Africa. 

But what these workers probably do not realize, since they usually only ever send to one country, is that the cost of sending money varies greatly. Now a study of the cost of remittances, carried out by London's Overseas Development Institute with support from the fund-raising charity Comic Relief, has revealed that transfers to African countries cost around half as much again as the global average, and twice as much as transfers to Latin America. 

The ODI estimates that if remittance charges were brought down to the world average, the money saved could educate an extra 14 million primary school children, half of all those currently out of school on the continent.

The bulk of this money goes through money transfer companies rather than banks, since the recipients are unlikely to have bank accounts, and transfer companies are quick, efficient and have a wide network of agents. But just two big international players dominate the business in Africa, Moneygram and Western Union, and participants in a meeting to launch the research were highly critical of the way they seemed to be abusing their market dominance.

Rwanda's High Commissioner in London, Williams Nkurunziza, said he was shocked at what the report revealed. “If you look at the remittances, 30 or 40 percent of the money that goes to Africa goes to rural areas,” he said. “This money goes to the people who are most needy, and you are allowing a multinational corporation to take bread out of the mouth of hungry children. This is not what I would call responsible capitalism!”

Glenys Kinnock, opposition spokesman on International Development in the upper house of the UK parliament, who chaired the meeting, called on the country's financial regulatory authority to intervene over the issue of excessive charges. “It is not a technocratic issue,” she said, “although it may sound like one. It is also about people's lives and the future of their children... These things have to change. We can't put up any longer with the prospect of its making things so difficult, very often impossible, for people who have such needs.”

At the end of last year, when the ODI did its research, the fees and charges to send money to most of Africa were around 12 percent - a bit less to Zambia or Tanzania, a bit more to Uganda, Malawi and the Gambia - against a world average of just over 8 percent. Even that is quite expensive; the governments of the G8 and G20 countries have pledged themselves to working towards reducing this to 5 percent.

It found that in more than 30 countries the two big players had more than 50 percent of the market; and in 10 countries they had more than 90 percent. Sometimes either Moneygram or Western Union had an effective monopoly, but even where both companies were present it did not necessarily mean that customers had much choice; one company could still have a monopoly of outlets in a particular area, and the companies habitually make their paying-out agents sign contracts promising not to also act as agents for their rivals. 

Somalia different

Significantly, the one country where the big two are absent - Somalia - has far lower remittance charges; transfers go through a number of smaller, competing companies.

Competition has been limited by the fallout from the US “war on terror”, with the banks who do bulk international transfers citing money-laundering and anti-terrorism regulations as the reason they are reluctant to extend facilities to smaller companies. Now only the biggest of the Somali companies, Dahabshiil, still has an account with a major British bank (Barclays) and even that concession was forced by a court case and is only until other arrangements can be put in place.

Inter-Africa transfers cost most

But if charges to send money to Africa from outside are steep, the cost of sending money from one African country to another can be eye-watering. 

Dilip Ratha, who works on these issues for the World Bank says exchange controls are one of the reasons the rates are so high; in some places sending money out of the country is illegal. “So if you are sending money,” he says, “let's say from Benin to Ghana, it is actually allowed (in some countries it's not even allowed) but first the CFA has to be passed through into euros or sterling or dollars, and then it has to be transferred back into the local cedi, and in both cases you pay commission. Some sort of regional currency market really needs to be created.” 

"So if you are sending money, let's say from Benin to Ghana, it is actually allowed (in some countries it's not even allowed) but first the CFA has to be passed through into euros or sterling or dollars, and then it has to be transferred back into the local cedi, and in both cases you pay commission. Some sort of regional currency market really needs to be created"  

The report found 10 routes with bank transfer charges over 20 percent. Charges from Nigeria to Ghana were 22 percent. To send from Tanzania to the rest of East Africa, or from South Africa to its near neighbours is particularly expensive, peaking at 25 percent for bank transfers between South African and Malawi. Some of the fees charged by money transfer companies are even higher; if you send money that way from Ghana to Nigeria you may have to pay a staggering 39 percent.

In some places mobile phone based systems like M-Pesa have made in-country transfers much easier and cheaper, but they haven't really taken off internationally, largely because conservative, inflexible regulatory systems insist that all international transfers must go through conventional banks. And African banks tend to have very high charges, often because they are forced by governments to finance government projects or make uncommercial loans. 

Chukwuemeka Chikezie of the Up Africa consultancy told IRIN a lot of the responsibility lay with African governments. “One of the reasons M-Pesa took off in Kenya was because the authorities nurtured and enabled innovation. If you look at other countries the regulators have tended to stifle innovation. They are very risk-averse and they don't enable even limited experiments to prove that the markets can absorb technical innovation.”

In addition, money-laundering regulations are putting impossible demands on systems designed to serve the poor, requiring, for instance, “know your customer” procedures like taking copies of ID documents for anyone receiving an international payout. Selma Ribica of M-Pesa points out this is an impossibility for agents in rural areas with no power supply. She told IRIN she would like to see a more realistic, tiered approach with much lighter regulation for small international transfers (under, say, US$200-300) which are most unlikely to have anything to do with money laundering.

Beware Facebook, Walmart

M-Pesa depends on moving money between different customers' mobile phone accounts. Now people are beginning to think of other kinds of electronic “purses” which might be linked in the same way. 

Facebook has just proposed allowing transfers between customers who have accounts with the company which they normally use to make payments for online games. So far this is only proposed for payments within the European Union, but Facebook has a huge geographical spread and has said it is keen to extend its reach in Africa. 

And the big profits made by the transfer companies are tempting other players into the market. The latest to announce it is starting money transfers is the US supermarket chain Walmart, with recipients being able to pick up their cash from any shop in the chain. To start with this will only work within the United States and Puerto Rico, but Walmart is an international group with nearly 350 stores in South Africa, and it also has a presence in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Malawi and Mozambique, opening up the tempting prospect of a new, and cheaper way for workers to send money home.

All these new ways of sending money aim to undercut Moneygram and Western Union. Now Western Union has responded by offering so-called “zero-fee” transfers to Africa if the money is sent from a bank account rather by credit card or cash. This would mean a saving of just under £5 ($8.40) for someone sending $100 from the UK to Liberia. The company would still make money (nearly $4) by using a favourable exchange rate, but it would bring the cost down to just below the G8/G20 target. 

For African's hard-pressed and hard-working migrants and their families back home, change may - finally - be on the way.


99977 201404221522570983.jpg Feature Politics and Economics Remittance rip-offs IRIN LONDON Angola Burkina Faso Burundi Benin Botswana DRC Congo, Republic of Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Colombia Cape Verde Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Liberia Lesotho Morocco Madagascar Mali Mauritania Mauritius Malawi Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe eSwatini Chad Togo Tanzania Uganda Samoa South Africa Zambia Zimbabwe
          Arc lifts Zamsort stake to 66%      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Aim-listed Arc Minerals has acquired a further 5% interest in Zamsort, the operator of the Kalaba copper/cobalt project, in Zambia. It now owns 66% of Zamsort, with the other 34% interest held by Kopara Investments.
          ZAMBIA █ 5000 Kwacha █ 2001 █ P-41b █ RITKA █ UNC - Jelenlegi ára: 4 599 Ft      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Zambia 5000 Kwacha 2001
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Cómo salvar a Venezuela

Un grupo de pacientes tomaron una plaza en Caracas para protestar por la escasez de medicinas en 
Venezuela el 8 de febrero de 2018. Credit Meridith Kohut para The New York Times

CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts — La situación de Venezuela continúa agravándose año tras año. Si se cumplen las proyecciones de los organismos multilaterales para 2018, el país habrá perdido cerca del 50 por ciento de su producto interno bruto en cinco años. Esta caída se encuentra entre las catástrofes económicas más grandes de los últimos sesenta años, por encima de Zimbabue entre 2002 y 2008, y comparable solo con la de países que fueron soviéticos luego de la transición del comunismo. O a la de conflictos bélicos como los de Irak, Liberia, Libia y Sudán del Sur en las últimas tres décadas.
A medida que se deterioran las condiciones del país, también cambian las estrategias y los apoyos requeridos para lograr su recuperación. Veinte años de chavismo han dejado a Venezuela en una condición de invalidez tal que rescatarla va a requerir ayuda internacional en la acepción más clásica del término. América Latina y la comunidad internacional deben entenderlo así y asumir el rescate de la nación latinoamericana como una urgencia.

A principios de marzo de 2018, una venezolana busca comida en un supermercado en Guaicaipuro, un municipio 
del estado de Miranda. Credit Meridith Kohut para The New York Times

Desde 2013 hemos venido trabajando en los lineamientos de un plan de rescate para “el día después” del fin del régimen chavista. En septiembre de 2014, propusimos una reestructuración de la deuda con el fin de evitar el colapso inminente y compartir las cargas del ajuste de manera más equitativa entre los venezolanos y los acreedores de deuda pública externa. A finales de 2015, alertamos sobre la catástrofe humanitaria que se aproximaba. A principios del año 2016, propusimos acompañar la reestructuración con un programa de asistencia extraordinaria con el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI). Trabajando con un grupo de economistas venezolanos, calculamos que en aquel entonces se requerían 54.000 millones de dólares en cinco años; una cantidad similar —diez veces la cuota del país— a la ayuda que el FMI le dio a Grecia en 2010 y a Argentina hace algunos meses. Los resultados los recogimos en una propuesta para rescatar el bienestar de los venezolanos que hicimos pública en 2017.
Pero el día después no ha llegado y el futuro ya no es lo que era antes. Al actualizar nuestros estimados con los datos más recientes, hemos tomado conciencia de que los 54.000 millones de dólares que propusimos el año pasado ya no alcanzan. La causa de esta insuficiencia es la enorme destrucción de valor en los últimos doce meses. De acuerdo con un reciente reporte de la Organización de Países Exportadores de Petróleo (OPEP), en mayo de este año la producción petrolera de Venezuela fue 570.000 barriles por día inferior a la de mayo de 2017, una caída del 29 por ciento. Esta diferencia representa unos 12.000 millones de dólares anuales, cifra similar al total de las importaciones del año pasado, y equivalente a 140 por ciento de las reservas internacionales del país. Además, han colapsado los sistemas de refinación, generación eléctrica, agua, gas doméstico y salud, y se han ido del país más de un millón de venezolanos.
Nuestro problema ya no se puede resolver solo con una reestructuración de deuda más profunda o con un programa de asistencia financiera más grande. Aunque los fondos de los organismos multilaterales —como el FMI— vienen a tasas de interés muy bajas, estos préstamos deben ser repagados. Las normas del FMI requieren que el país sea lo suficientemente solvente en un plazo razonable como para poder emitir deuda a tasas de mercado, a fin de devolver los préstamos obtenidos. Dados los daños registrados en los últimos doce meses, la necesidad de fondos adicionales sería de tal magnitud, que el país quedaría sobrendeudado y perdería la posibilidad de acudir a los mercados financieros para repagarle al FMI.
Una comparación simple puede ayudar a comprenderlo: si a una persona, con buena salud, se le quema la casa que compró mediante una hipoteca, es difícil que pueda adquirir otra con otro préstamo, y salir adelante con dos hipotecas. Por lo mismo, los bancos le prestarán el crédito para una segunda hipoteca solo si se elimina la primera. Pero si, además, la persona perdió la salud y se encuentra incapacitada para trabajar a ritmo normal durante algunos años, los bancos no le prestarán para la vivienda a menos de que otros aporten parte del capital.
Lo mismo ocurre con Venezuela. Ya no es una de esas naciones que pueden ir a los mercados financieros cuando lo necesiten. Tampoco es de los países de ingresos medios, que no lo pueden hacer, pero sí pueden recurrir a préstamos ordinarios de organismos multilaterales. Hoy en día Venezuela es un país pobre, altamente endeudado, que no podrá salir adelante solamente con pedir prestado. Para estos países se creó otro recurso: las donaciones.
Las donaciones no son nuevas para el mundo, pero sí son inusuales en América Latina, particularmente en países, como Venezuela, que alguna vez fueron considerados ricos. Pero Venezuela ya tampoco es lo que era: actualmente cuenta con un ingreso per cápita aproximado de 2 600 dólares por habitante y una producción petrolera per cápita 64 por ciento inferior a la de 2005. El chavismo le ha traído al país una perdida económica superior a las que se han registrado en los países que han recibido las mayores donaciones después de sufrir grandes catástrofes naturales o situaciones de guerra.
En nuestras proyecciones, además de la reestructuración de la deuda y de un paquete financiero de 60.000 millones de dólares, Venezuela requerirá de donaciones de rápido desembolso por aproximadamente 20.000 millones de dólares, necesarios para financiar la importación de materias primas, insumos intermedios, repuestos, medicinas y equipos necesarios para iniciar la recuperación acelerada de la producción.
Estos recursos también permitirán sustituir a la impresión de moneda —el único mecanismo de financiamiento del gasto público con el que cuenta el gobierno venezolano tras agotar su capacidad de endeudamiento— y origen de la hiperinflación que azota al país. Con este apoyo, el país podría fortalecer su solvencia, lo que le haría posible acceder a un programa de financiamiento multilateral en mejores condiciones.
De obtener esta cantidad de donaciones, Venezuela no sería una excepción histórica. A precios de 2017, los 20.000 millones de dólares para Venezuela serían una fracción de la ayuda recibida por Palestina entre 2008 y 2010 (equivalentes a 67.983 millones de dólares) o Irak entre 2005 y 2007 (46.664 millones); y similar a las donaciones que recibió Haití entre 2009 y 2011, Zambia entre 2005 y 2007 o Siria y Jordania entre 2013 y 2015 (todos alrededor de 20.000 millones de dólares).
La tragedia que hoy flagela a Venezuela es uno de los desastres humanos contemporáneos más grandes. De hecho, que la devastación de esta nación latinoamericana no esté asociada a una guerra o un terremoto, no la hace menos cruenta ni menos mortífera, de acuerdo con los cálculos de Caritas.
La rápida recuperación del país y la atención a su crisis humanitaria debe ser una prioridad para América Latina y un imperativo moral para el resto del mundo. La debacle de Venezuela ha generado consecuencias funestas para la región: una crisis de refugiados, el regreso de enfermedades ya erradicadas —como el sarampión y la malaria— y problemas asociados al narcotráfico, la corrupción y el lavado de dinero. Por otro lado, la negativa del régimen venezolano a aceptar ayuda humanitaria es una muestra más de que las consideraciones políticas pueden llegar a predominar sobre el derecho a la vida.

              La madre de un menor de seis meses con malnutrición esperaba su turno en el hospital de San Francisco 
              de Guayo en diciembre de 2017Credit Meridith Kohut para The New York Times

El hecho de que la tragedia venezolana sea producto de la implantación gradual de un modelo de dominación social a través de la represión y el hambre, le impone a la comunidad internacional la obligación de intervenir para evitar una catástrofe humanitaria mayor.
Para comenzar a recuperarse, Venezuela va a requerir de un programa de reformas que restablezcan los derechos de propiedad, la seguridad personal y jurídica y los mecanismos de mercado. También se necesitarán programas de asistencia destinados a cubrir el enorme déficit de atención social heredado de la revolución bolivariana. Esta serie de reformas debe ser respaldada por los mecanismos de asistencia propios de la comunidad internacional: una donación como la que se hizo a Haití, un programa financiero como el que recientemente le otorgó el FMI a Argentina y una reestructuración de la deuda como la que se hizo en Irak.
El esfuerzo de la sociedad, junto con un programa integral de reformas y el respaldo internacional, pueden ayudar a restituir a la mayor brevedad la capacidad del país de salir del abismo y valerse por sí mismo.
Ricardo Hausmann es director del Centro para el Desarrollo Internacional de Harvard University. Miguel Ángel Santos y Douglas Barrios son investigadores del mismo centro.

          The southern African climate under 1.5° and 2°C of global warming as simulated by CORDEX models      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The southern African climate under 1.5° and 2°C of global warming as simulated by CORDEX models Maúre, GA; Pinto, I; Ndebele-Murisa, MR; Muthige, Mavhungu S; Lennard, C; Nikulin, G; Dosio, A; Meque, AO Results from an 25 regional climate model simulations from the Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) Africa initiative are used to assess the projected changes in temperature and precipitation over southern Africa at two Global Warming Levels (GWL), namely 1.5°C and 2.0°C, relative to preindustrial values, under the Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5. The results show a robust increase in temperature compared to the control period (1971-2000) ranging from 0.5 to 1.5°C for the 1.5°C GWL and from 1.5 to 2.5°C, for the 2.0°C GWL. Areas in the southwestern region of the subcontinent, covering South Africa and parts of Namibia and Botswana are projected to experience the largest increase in temperature, which are greater than the lobal mean warming, particularly during the September-October-November season. On the other hand, under 1.5°C GWL, models exhibit a robust reduction in precipitation of up to 0.4 mm/day (roughly 20% of the climatological values) over the Limpopo Basin and smaller areas of the Zambezi Basin in Zambia, and also parts of Western Cape, South Africa. Models project precipitation increase of up to 0.1 mm/day over central and western South Africa and in southern Namibia. Under 2.0°C GWL, a larger fraction of land is projected to face robust decreases between 0.2 and 0.4 mm/day (around 1020% of the climatological values) over most of the central subcontinent and parts of western South Africa and northern Mozambique. Decreases in precipitation are accompanied by increases in the number of consecutive dry days and decreases in consecutive wet days over the region. The importance of achieving the Paris Agreement is imperative for southern Africa as the projected changes under both the 1.5°C, and more so, 2.0°C GWL imply significant potential risks to agricultural and economic productivity, human and ecological systems health and water resources with implied increase in regional water stresses. © 2018 The Author(s). Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence.
          Nace en España un Duiker rojo en Bioparc Valencia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
  • Este pequeño y poco conocido antílope sólo podemos verlo en España en BIOPARC Valencia.
  • Es la segunda cría fruto del programa europeo de conservación (ESB) de su esepcie. 
Bongo y cría de duiker rojo
Miércoles, 11 de julio de 2018. El pasado otoño nacía por vez primera en España un Duiker Rojo de Natal en BIOPARC y esta primavera lo hacía una segunda cría que ahora puede verse con su grupo familiar en la zona de África Ecuatorial en uno de los característicos recintos multiespecie del parque valenciano, junto con otros antílopes, los Bongos orientales (Tragelaphus euryceros isaaci) que se encuentra en una situación extrema de extinción y con los Dik-dik de Kirk, el antílope más pequeño de África. Especies de animales desconocidas para muchas personas que BIOPARC, como parte de sus objetivos, nos acerca para poder descubrirlas, conocer su grado de amenaza y admirar, amar y conservar la belleza de la naturaleza salvaje como forma de compromiso con la preservación de la biodiversidad  del planeta. 

Sus progenitores son dos ejemplares que llegaron de Alemania, del Zoologischer Garten und Aquarium Berlín el macho y la hembra del Tiergarten Nürnberg. El Duiker rojo de Natal (Cephalophus natalensis) pertenece al género Cephalophus del que hay 15 especies, únicamente dos de ellas pueden verse en instituciones zoológicas europeas y sólo una, el C. natalensis tiene un programa europeo de conservación (ESB). En Europa hay un total de 35 ejemplares de esta subespecie y en España sólo es posible ver estos animales en BIOPARC Valencia.

El Duiker rojo de Natal es relativamente más pequeño que otros duikers. Su pelaje es de color castaño brillante, excepto en las partes inferiores que es más claro. Presentan un característico mechón de pelo en su cabeza que generalmente es de color castaño oscuro, la cola es rojiza con un penacho blanco y negro. Es territorial y normalmente vive en parejas, en parejas con una cría o de manera solitaria.

Este pequeño antílope es nativo de Malawi, Mozambique, Sudáfrica, Swazilandia, Tanzania y Zambia está en la Lista Roja de la UICN (Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza) por el momento con menor riesgo de extinción, si bien, si las tendencias actuales persisten, el Duiker Rojo puede desaparecer de partes sustanciales de su área actual de ocupación.

          Zambia to restock national parks to boost tourism      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The Zambian government said on Tuesday that it will restock five of its national parks this year with animals in an effort to enhance the country's tourism.
          zambia fashion week 2017 essays      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
zambia fashion week 2017 essays

          Zambia political history: Ben Tetamashimba      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
274 ViewsBy Shalala Oliver Sipiso Lesson 2: Supporters of the Status Quo. Daniel Munkombwe was and Bowman Lusambo is an amateur compared to Ben Tetamashimba When he lived, few were neutral about Ben Tetamashimba who was Local Government and Housing Minister since November 2008 and died in office in Lusaka September 5, 2009 at a […]
          Only early elections can save Zambia – Chipimo’s party      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
303 Views Elias Chipimo’s party NAREP says nothing will save Zambia apart from going for early elections.   President Edgar Lungu and his PF party win in 2016 was disputed and the main opposition has refused to recognise his presidency.   The opposition NAREP has called on President Lungu to dissolve Parliament and call for […]
          Sales Executive - Zambia - Ark Global - Dubai      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Government relations, shipping, transport and logistic:. ✓ Experience of more than 1 year in government relations, shipping, transport and logistics....
From Akhtaboot - Thu, 14 Jun 2018 22:32:14 GMT - View all Dubai jobs
          Latest edition of Irish Lives Remembered online      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
From Eneclann:

The Spring Edition of Irish Lives Remembered is available to view now. Our cover star is Mark Hamill, aka Luke Skywalker! We also have:

Paul McCotter on the Dunne surname;
Dr. Maurice Gleeson on genetics and surnames;
Ned Kelly on Treasure Trove;
Brian Mitchell on Derry/Londonderry records;
Maureen Wlodarczyk on Francis Kilkenny and the Irish Home-Going Assoication
Lorna Moloney and Kealan McCormack on Knowing Nenagh
Michèle Castiaux on the Irish Geological Association Archive Project
An update on Findmypast and the Catholic Heritage Archive with Niall Cullen
Nathan Mannion on Zambia's Grandfather of Education
Fiona Fitzsimons reviews Ships from Ireland to E
arly America 1623–1850
A Book Excerpt from Damian Shiels The Forgotten Irish: Irish Emigrant Experiences in America
Jayne Shrimpton's Photo-Detective;
Patrick’s Page with Patrick Roycroft; and
Ask Genie, our family history agony aunt.

To freely access the magazine visit


For my genealogy guide books, visit, whilst details of my research service are at Further content is also published daily on The GENES Blog Facebook page at
          Mopani Organises Gala Dinner for Silver Cup Teams      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Mopani Copper Mines (platinum sponsors of the Zambia Rugby Union) organised a Gala Dinner for all teams that are taking part in the Africa Rugby Silver Cup South tournament currently under way at Mufulira Rugby Club in Mufulira, Zambia. The dinner was attended by Zambia Rugby Union (ZRU) President Gen Clement Sinkamba, Mopani Copper Mines […]
          Sales Executive - Zambia - Ark Global - Dubai      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Government relations, shipping, transport and logistic:. ✓ Experience of more than 1 year in government relations, shipping, transport and logistics....
From Akhtaboot - Thu, 14 Jun 2018 22:32:14 GMT - View all Dubai jobs

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