Next Page: 10000

          Who is a refugee?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

I would like nothing better than to flee to a dreamland again, a hospitable country in which I can fully be a patriot again, a lover of the country.

Demo "Gleiche Rechte für alle" (Refugee-Solidaritätsdemo) am 16. Februar 2013 in Wien. Credit: Haeferl via Wikimedia Commons. CC BY-SA 3.0.

“We Refugees” is the title of an essay by Hannah Arendt that was published in 1943 in The Menorah Journal. There, in a refreshing manner, she abandons the conventional concept of the refugee. She writes:

“A refugee used to be a person driven to seek refuge because of some act committed or some political opinion held. Well, it is true we have had to seek refuge; but we committed no acts and most of us never dreamt of having any radical opinion. With us the meaning of the term ‘refugee’ has changed. Now ‘refugees’ are those of us who have been so unfortunate as to arrive in a new country without means and have to be helped by Refugee Committees.”

Arendt, then, will describe herself not as a ‘refugee’ but as a ‘newcomer’ or ‘immigrant.’ Here Arendt is imagining an entirely new figure of the refugee, perhaps one that is yet to come. This refugee is simply someone who goes to a new country in the expectation of a better life. Arendt describes the figure of the ‘optimistic refugee’ as follows:

“The more optimistic among us would even add that their whole former life had been passed in a kind of unconscious exile and only their new country now taught them what a home really looks like. [...] after a year optimists are convinced they speak English as well as their mother tongue; and after two years they swear solemnly that they speak English better than any other language—their German is a language they barely remember.”

In order to forget, this species of refugee avoids any reference to the concentration and internment camps, as this would make them ‘pessimists’. Arendt quotes the words of a fellow countryman who had barely arrived in France before founding what were known as ‘assimilation societies:’ “We were good Germans in Germany and therefore we shall be good Frenchmen in France.” The ideal immigrant, Arendt argues, is like “a woman of tidy size [who is] delighted with every new dress that promises to give her the desired waistline.”

First, the painful social isolation.

In Hannah Arendt’s terms, I was an optimistic refugee myself. I wanted to live a new life in a new country that was impossible for me in my home country. The expectations of my social environment and its conventional structures would not have allowed me to live and even think differently, radically differently. I was twenty-two at the time. After studying metallurgy in Korea I wanted to study philosophy, literature and theology in Germany.

On the campus of my university in Seoul I often gazed at the sky, thinking to myself that it was too beautiful for me to want to spend my entire life as a metallurgist beneath that sky. I dreamt of a better, more beautiful life. I wanted to reflect philosophically on life. I fled to Germany and arrived there, twenty-two years old, penniless and devoid of language; at the time I hardly spoke any German.

At the beginning, like every optimistic refugee, I was confronted with social isolation. It is painful. This makes me feel deeply the pain of today’s refugees. I suffer with them. With my poor German, it was hard to integrate into the social structures I encountered. Inadequate language skills were the main obstacle to settling in as I sought to do (I am reluctant to speak of so-called integration). Then love proved to be the best strategy for settling in.

A German woman who loved me, I thought simple-mindedly, would listen to me and quickly teach me the German language in order to understand what I thought of her, what feelings I had towards her and so forth. I was greedy for every new German word. I wanted German; my ambition was to speak like the Germans.

We know that Willy Brandt also followed this strategy: within a few months of exile he was writing articles and speeches in Norwegian. While living under the pseudonym of Gunnar Gaasland in the Berlin underground he spoke German with a Norwegian accent. Clearly it was not only his talent but also his greed for language, in fact his greed for love, that accelerated his acquisition of a foreign language to such an extent.

One year after arriving in Germany I believed, like the optimistic refugee described by Hannah Arendt, that I spoke German better than any other language. For Arendt, patriotism too is purely a ‘matter of practice’. The ‘ideal immigrant’ is one who “immediately discovers and loves the native mountains.” They are a patriot, a lover of the country. They love the country in which they have set up a new life. I too love this country. One day I adopted German citizenship and gave up my Korean pass in exchange; now I am a German.

Meanwhile I speak German better than my mother tongue, which has literally been reduced to a mere mother tongue: I only speak Korean to my mother. My mother tongue has become foreign to me. I love Germany. I would even call myself a patriot, a country-lover. I am certainly more patriotic than Frauke Petry, Alexander Gauland and Björn Höcke put together. With their irresponsible populism they degrade Germany, my country, which has always been a very hospitable country towards me.

What does it mean to be a good citizen?

Someone who was a good citizen in their native country will also be a good citizen in the new one. We should continue to welcome these ‘newcomers’. Someone who was already a criminal in their native country, like Tunisian-born  Anis Amri, the perpetrator of the 2016 Berlin attack, will remain a criminal in the new one. We will turn them away. But we should offer the newcomers an environment in which they can become good citizens.

But what does it mean to be a good citizen? I am the second Korean to hold a professorship at Berlin’s University of the Arts; the first Korean professor was Isang Yun. He was a significant composer. He was a political person. In the 1960s he protested vehemently against the military dictatorship that was ruling South Korea. He was arrested by the South Korean secret service in 1967, in the middle of Germany.

In Seoul he was sentenced to life imprisonment. After being released early he returned to Germany, now stripped of his citizenship by the South Korean regime. He became a refugee and was naturalized in Germany. But perhaps he too, like Hannah Arendt, would deny that he was a refugee. Like Arendt, he would have said, ‘I am a good, optimistic immigrant’. His German was excellent.

I would like nothing better than another dreamland.

A good citizen is good on the basis of their mentality. They share moral values like liberty, fraternity and justice. Their actions against the ruling political system may be criminalized by it; but because of their moral mentality (in the Kantian sense) they are still a good citizen and also a patriot, someone who loves the country and its people.

In the last years of his life, Isang Yun despaired at the open eruptions of xenophobia in the reunified Germany. He was distressed by images of the crowd applauding in front of the firebombed residence for former Vietnamese contract workers in Rostock-Lichenhagen. And he was disappointed, for he loved Germany. I too consider the events in Rostock a pogrom.

At the moment I am unsettled by the resurgence of xenophobia in response to large numbers of refugees, both in Germany and other European countries. I would like nothing better than to flee to a dreamland again, a hospitable country in which I can fully be a patriot again, a lover of the country.

This article was first published in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. It has been translated by Wieland Hoban.

Sideboxes
Rights: 
CC by NC 4.0

          Azerbaijan to host 2019 session of World Heritage Committee      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee will be held in Baku, Azerbaijan from 30 June to 10 July 2019, further to the kind invitation of the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On 3 July 2018, during its 42nd session in Manama, Bahrain, the Committee elected H.E. Mr. Abulfaz Garayev, Azerbaijani Minister of Culture as the new Chair of the Committee, with Brazil, Burkina Faso, Indonesia, Norway and Tunisia as Vice-Chairs. Ms Mahani Taylor, from Australia, was elected as ...
          Tunisair - Passenger Traffic Increases By 22.9% in June      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Passenger traffic in June 2018 reported an increase of 22.9% compared to the same period of 2017, said Tuesday the national carrier Tunisair in a statement released Tuesday.
          Tunisian-Chinese Project for Industrialisation and Export of Wagons to Africa      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -The Chinese company Batou specialised in the industrialisation of locomotives and wagons intends to create a unit for the industrialisation of Chinese wagons in Tunisia, which will be then exported to Africa, said Batou representative in Tunisia Habib Laouini.
          Man Robbed By Alleged Terrorist Group in Kebili      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[Tunis Afrique Presse] Kebili/Tunisia -A man alerted the authorities that he was robbed on Monday night by an armed group of terrorists at the road linking the Beni Mohamed and Blidette villages (Kebili governorate).
          8th Ministerial Meeting of Chinese-Arab States Co-Operation Forum Closes in Beijing      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Works of the 8th Ministerial meeting of the Chinese-Arab States Co-operation Forum were crowned by the adoption of the "Beijing Declaration" and the "2018-2020 Action Plan" that includes several co-operation fields as part of the "Belt and Road" initiative.
          Flag Project Targets 75 Women Entrepreneurs in Four Regions Nationwide (Project Manager)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Some 75 women entrepreneurs with project ideas across four regions - Gafsa, Kairouan, Mahdia and Greater Tunis - will be supported through Women in Leadership, Support and Management (FLAG) project, Yosr Mezgui Hrizi, FLAG Project Manager said.
          World Cup preview: Croatia vs. England semifinal      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

A capsule look at Wednesday's World Cup semifinal match between Croatia and England in Moscow (2 p.m. EDT, 9 p.m. local):

WHY CROATIA WILL WIN

A generation of players in their primes, or just past their primes, led by a strong midfield with Ivan Pericic (29), Ivan Rakatic (30) and Luka Modric (32), with Mario Mandzukic (32) heading the attack.

WHY ENGLAND WILL WIN

After falling short for generations, coach Gareth Southgate has put together a team that is playing like a team. Striker Harry Kane was the only standout heading into the tournament. Plus the Croats are coming off consecutive penalty-kick wins and figure to have to more tired legs.

PROJECTED LINEUPS

Croatia: 4-2-3-1 — Subasic; Vrsaljko, Lovren, Vida, Strinic; Rakitic, Modric; Rebic, Kamaric, Perisic; Mandzukic

England: 3-5-2 — Pickford; Walker, Stones, Maguire; Henderson, Trippier, Alli, Lingard, Young; Sterling, Kane

MAN IN THE MIDDLE

Cuneyt Cakir of Turkey will referee his second straight World Cup semifinal match, after Argentina's penalty-kick win over the Netherlands four years ago. Cakir worked Iran's 1-0 win over Morocco and Argentina's 2-1 victory over Nigeria in the group stage this year, and he refereed Barcelona's 3-1 victory over Juventus in the 2015 Champions League final.

WORLD CUP HISTORY

In England's last semifinal match, Andreas Brehme's 60th-minute shot deflected off an onrushing Paul Parker at the penalty arc and looped over goalkeeper Peter Shilton to put West Germany ahead. England tied the score when Parker's cross bounced off Juergen Kohler and fell to Gary Lineker, who beat goalkeeper Bodo Illgner to the far post in the 80th minute. In the shootout, Stuart Pearce was stopped by Illgner on England's fourth attempt, Olaf Thon converted for a 4-3 lead and Chris Waddle shot over the crossbar.

Croatia went ahead in the 1998 semifinals only 26 seconds into the second half when Aljosa Asanovic split the defense with a pass, and Davor Suker scored his fifth goal of the tournament. Lilian Thuram tied the score a minute later after stealing the ball from Zvonimir Boban near the Croat penalty area and exchanging passes with Youri Djorkaeff. Thuram scored the go-ahead goal with a curling shot in the 70th minute, and France won 2-1.

CROATIA GOALS

vs. Nigeria (2-0): own-goal (32), Modric (71-penalty)

vs. Argentina (3-0): Rebic (53), Modric (80), Rakatic (90+1)

vs. Iceland (2-1): Badelj (53), Perisic (90)

vs. Denmark (1-1, 3-2 penalty kicks): Mandzukic (4)

vs. Russia (2-2, 4-3 penalty kicks): Kramaric (39), Vida (101)

ENGLAND GOALS

vs. Tunisia (2-1): Kane (11, 90+1)

vs. Panama (6-1): Stones (8, 40), Kane (22, 45+1-penalty, 62), Lingard (36)

vs. Belgium (0-1)

vs. Colombia (1-1, 4-3 penalty kicks): Kane (57-penalty)

vs. Sweden (2-0): Maguire (30), Alli (59)

HEAD TO HEAD

Croatians played for Yugoslavia before splitting off in 1990. England has four wins, two losses and one draw in the matchup, including a 4-2 victory in the group stage of the 2004 European Championship. The teams have not met since qualifying for the 2010 World Cup, when England won 4-1 in Zagreb and 5-1 at Wembley Stadium. England goalkeeper Paul Robinson kicked at and missed a backpass from Gary Neville, allowing an own-goal in a 2-0 loss in a European qualifier in 2006. Goalkeeper Scott Carson fumbled Niki Kranjcar's shot into the net for the opening goal as Croatia won 3-2 at Wembley the following year, causing England to miss Euro 2008. England coach Steve McClaren held a large red-and-blue umbrella on the sidelines and was mocked as the "Wally with the brolly," and he was fired the next day. They are drawn into the same group of the initial Nations League, a new competition kicking off this autumn.

SUSPENSIONS

None

INJURY CONCERNS

Croatia right back Sime Vrsaljko walked slowly off the field with an apparent leg injury when he was replaced in extra time of the quarterfinals.

England midfielder Dele Alli has not played a full match since injuring a thigh against Tunisia.

JUST SAYING

Croatia: "It won't be easy for us. We will focus in the next few days to recover as much as possible. We will look for the best solutions ahead the match, considering we have a few players with minor issues after the match against Russia. It won't be easy, but to get into the semifinals it's a new motive for us." — Croatia coach Zlatko Dalic, through a translator

England: "Probably 18 months ago I talked to them about if you have success with England, it will be so much bigger than anything you can imagine, and I think that is probably starting to register with them now." — England coach Gareth Southgate

STATS

Goals: Croatia 10, England 11

Assists: 6/5

Shots: 78/70

Shots on goal: 19/19

Shots off target: 39/30

Shots blocked: 20/21

Yellow cards: 12/5

Red cards: 0/0

Corner kicks: 26/30

Offsides: 7/12

Fouls committed: 78/53

Fouls conceded: 80/69

Ball possession: 55 percent/54 percent

Passes attempted/completed: 2,736/2,261 (83 percent), 2,665/2,318 (87 percent)

Distance covered: 360.8 miles (580.66 kilometers)/351.1 miles (565.06 kilometers)

___

More AP World Cup coverage: https://apnews.com/tag/WorldCup

Author(s): 

Articles

Blog Posts

AP18191446561664.jpg

Photo by: 
England's Gary Cahill, left with teammates Trent Alexander-Arnold, Phil Jones, Ruben Loftus-Cheek, and Harry Kane rest as they take part in a training session for the England team at the 2018 soccer World Cup, in the Spartak Zelenogorsk ground, Zelenogorsk near St. Petersburg, Russia, Tuesday, July 10, 2018. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)
Source: 
AP
Insert Body: 
Disable AP title update: 

          7/11/2018: NEWS: Al Qaeda affiliate ready to capitalise on Tunisian instability      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
In towns and villages across northern Tunisia, the friends and neighbours of six National Guardsmen killed by militants took to the streets to escort the coffins through the summer heat to their final resting place. Others were buried in an official...
          7/11/2018: SPORT: ENGLAND’S GOALS FROM DEAD-BALL SITUATIONS IN RUSSIA      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Three penalties v Panama, Group Stage (Harry Kane) v Panama, Group Stage (Kane) v Colombia, Last 16 (Kane) Four corners v Tunisia, Group Stage (Kane, via John Stones header, from Ashley Young corner) v Tunisia, Group Stage (Kane, via Harry Maguire...
          Principles Of Distributed Systems 14th International Conference Opodis 2010 Tozeur Tunisia Decem       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Dcument Of Principles Of Distributed Systems 14th International Conference Opodis 2010 Tozeur Tunisia Decem
          Who is a refugee?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

I would like nothing better than to flee to a dreamland again, a hospitable country in which I can fully be a patriot again, a lover of the country.

Demo "Gleiche Rechte für alle" (Refugee-Solidaritätsdemo) am 16. Februar 2013 in Wien. Credit: Haeferl via Wikimedia Commons. CC BY-SA 3.0.

“We Refugees” is the title of an essay by Hannah Arendt that was published in 1943 in The Menorah Journal. There, in a refreshing manner, she abandons the conventional concept of the refugee. She writes:

“A refugee used to be a person driven to seek refuge because of some act committed or some political opinion held. Well, it is true we have had to seek refuge; but we committed no acts and most of us never dreamt of having any radical opinion. With us the meaning of the term ‘refugee’ has changed. Now ‘refugees’ are those of us who have been so unfortunate as to arrive in a new country without means and have to be helped by Refugee Committees.”

Arendt, then, will describe herself not as a ‘refugee’ but as a ‘newcomer’ or ‘immigrant.’ Here Arendt is imagining an entirely new figure of the refugee, perhaps one that is yet to come. This refugee is simply someone who goes to a new country in the expectation of a better life. Arendt describes the figure of the ‘optimistic refugee’ as follows:

“The more optimistic among us would even add that their whole former life had been passed in a kind of unconscious exile and only their new country now taught them what a home really looks like. [...] after a year optimists are convinced they speak English as well as their mother tongue; and after two years they swear solemnly that they speak English better than any other language—their German is a language they barely remember.”

In order to forget, this species of refugee avoids any reference to the concentration and internment camps, as this would make them ‘pessimists’. Arendt quotes the words of a fellow countryman who had barely arrived in France before founding what were known as ‘assimilation societies:’ “We were good Germans in Germany and therefore we shall be good Frenchmen in France.” The ideal immigrant, Arendt argues, is like “a woman of tidy size [who is] delighted with every new dress that promises to give her the desired waistline.”

First, the painful social isolation.

In Hannah Arendt’s terms, I was an optimistic refugee myself. I wanted to live a new life in a new country that was impossible for me in my home country. The expectations of my social environment and its conventional structures would not have allowed me to live and even think differently, radically differently. I was twenty-two at the time. After studying metallurgy in Korea I wanted to study philosophy, literature and theology in Germany.

On the campus of my university in Seoul I often gazed at the sky, thinking to myself that it was too beautiful for me to want to spend my entire life as a metallurgist beneath that sky. I dreamt of a better, more beautiful life. I wanted to reflect philosophically on life. I fled to Germany and arrived there, twenty-two years old, penniless and devoid of language; at the time I hardly spoke any German.

At the beginning, like every optimistic refugee, I was confronted with social isolation. It is painful. This makes me feel deeply the pain of today’s refugees. I suffer with them. With my poor German, it was hard to integrate into the social structures I encountered. Inadequate language skills were the main obstacle to settling in as I sought to do (I am reluctant to speak of so-called integration). Then love proved to be the best strategy for settling in.

A German woman who loved me, I thought simple-mindedly, would listen to me and quickly teach me the German language in order to understand what I thought of her, what feelings I had towards her and so forth. I was greedy for every new German word. I wanted German; my ambition was to speak like the Germans.

We know that Willy Brandt also followed this strategy: within a few months of exile he was writing articles and speeches in Norwegian. While living under the pseudonym of Gunnar Gaasland in the Berlin underground he spoke German with a Norwegian accent. Clearly it was not only his talent but also his greed for language, in fact his greed for love, that accelerated his acquisition of a foreign language to such an extent.

One year after arriving in Germany I believed, like the optimistic refugee described by Hannah Arendt, that I spoke German better than any other language. For Arendt, patriotism too is purely a ‘matter of practice’. The ‘ideal immigrant’ is one who “immediately discovers and loves the native mountains.” They are a patriot, a lover of the country. They love the country in which they have set up a new life. I too love this country. One day I adopted German citizenship and gave up my Korean pass in exchange; now I am a German.

Meanwhile I speak German better than my mother tongue, which has literally been reduced to a mere mother tongue: I only speak Korean to my mother. My mother tongue has become foreign to me. I love Germany. I would even call myself a patriot, a country-lover. I am certainly more patriotic than Frauke Petry, Alexander Gauland and Björn Höcke put together. With their irresponsible populism they degrade Germany, my country, which has always been a very hospitable country towards me.

What does it mean to be a good citizen?

Someone who was a good citizen in their native country will also be a good citizen in the new one. We should continue to welcome these ‘newcomers’. Someone who was already a criminal in their native country, like Tunisian-born  Anis Amri, the perpetrator of the 2016 Berlin attack, will remain a criminal in the new one. We will turn them away. But we should offer the newcomers an environment in which they can become good citizens.

But what does it mean to be a good citizen? I am the second Korean to hold a professorship at Berlin’s University of the Arts; the first Korean professor was Isang Yun. He was a significant composer. He was a political person. In the 1960s he protested vehemently against the military dictatorship that was ruling South Korea. He was arrested by the South Korean secret service in 1967, in the middle of Germany.

In Seoul he was sentenced to life imprisonment. After being released early he returned to Germany, now stripped of his citizenship by the South Korean regime. He became a refugee and was naturalized in Germany. But perhaps he too, like Hannah Arendt, would deny that he was a refugee. Like Arendt, he would have said, ‘I am a good, optimistic immigrant’. His German was excellent.

I would like nothing better than another dreamland.

A good citizen is good on the basis of their mentality. They share moral values like liberty, fraternity and justice. Their actions against the ruling political system may be criminalized by it; but because of their moral mentality (in the Kantian sense) they are still a good citizen and also a patriot, someone who loves the country and its people.

In the last years of his life, Isang Yun despaired at the open eruptions of xenophobia in the reunified Germany. He was distressed by images of the crowd applauding in front of the firebombed residence for former Vietnamese contract workers in Rostock-Lichenhagen. And he was disappointed, for he loved Germany. I too consider the events in Rostock a pogrom.

At the moment I am unsettled by the resurgence of xenophobia in response to large numbers of refugees, both in Germany and other European countries. I would like nothing better than to flee to a dreamland again, a hospitable country in which I can fully be a patriot again, a lover of the country.

This article was first published in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. It has been translated by Wieland Hoban.

Sideboxes
Rights: 
CC by NC 4.0

          Comment on Scholes: I would have played elsewhere if Fergie said no to return by fix_her      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Also Lukaku is just a stat king. Underneath the surface u will see he never really turns up in the big games. Yes he will score a hat trick against Panama or Tunisia but he won't score the winner against Belgium or the equalising goal. So it is in United I think only against Chelsea did he score against a top 5 team excluding United. And if he did he scored a consolation goal n even when he scores most times not all but most it's usually a third or fourth goal gane already won or lost. I don't Knkw I think we need players with spirit. That Lozano dude looks OK. Lukaku is good but for a team like United he shouldn't be the main striker IMO. We need someone a bit more sublime.
          Afrobasket winner hails basketball growth in Nigeria      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Nigeria’s D’Tigers point guard, Ben Uzoh is thrilled with the recent acceptance of basketball culture and its overall growth in Nigeria. Uzoh, a member of the 2015 Afrobasket winning team in Tunisia said coming home to see the level of acceptance during the last 2019 FIBA World cup qualifiers hosted in Lagos was a great […]

The post Afrobasket winner hails basketball growth in Nigeria appeared first on Voice of Nigeria.


          Saudi- Undersecretary of Foreign Ministry for Diplomacy Affairs Meets with Charge d'Affaires of Tunisia's Embassy      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Riyadh, Shawwal 25, 1439, July 09, 2018, SPA -- Undersecretary of Foreign Ministry for Diplomacy Affairs Dr. Saud Katib met here today with Charge d'...
          Occupational lumbar back accidents in the private sector: prevalence and factors associated with their severity and sequelae in central Tunisia - Brahem A, Bouhlel M, Kacem I, Maoua M, Boughattas W, Khalfaoui D, Rejeb K, Chatti S, El Maalel O, Mrizak N.       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
In Tunisia, few studies have been focused on occupational lumbar back accidents. We conducted a descriptive retrospective study of private sector employees in central Tunisia who were victims of lumbar back accidents, reported during a 5-year period from 2...
          SAHARA, exploit di METEO ESTREMO: pericolosa onda di CALORE RECORD prossima al Mediterraneo      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
METEO ESTREMO. Ancora un'altra notizia di condizioni atmosferiche straordinarie in prossimità del Mar Mediterraneo, e distanti attorno ad un migliaio di chilometri dall'Italia. Il Nord Africa, esattamente la parte occidentale dell'Algeria è influenzata dall'anomala espansione del temutissimo ITCZ (fronte intertropicale, zona di convergenza equatoriale) verso nord che forse, anche assieme ad altri fattori, ha generato un anticiclone di eccezionale potenza che ha favorito un'ondata di caldo straordinaria per quella parte del Nord Africa. Stiamo parlando del settore più settentrionale del Sahara, quello più vicino all'Italia. L'Algeria settentrionale è sotto l'influenza di una cupola di calore straordinariamente intensa, con valori di deviazioni standard eccezionali rispetto alla norma. Il modello matematico europeo ha stimato temperature più di 20 gradi sopra la media molto vicino a Ouargla che, per un clima desertico, sono un'anomalia estrema. La stazione meteo ufficiale ha registrato una temperatura di 51,3 gradi Celsius) giovedì 5 Luglio, valore che per la zona è record. Ouargla ha una popolazione di quasi mezzo milione, si trova nel nord dell'Algeria centrale, all'incirca a metà strada tra il Marocco e la Tunisia. Evidenziamo che vari record del passato non sono considerati validi dalla comunità scientifica, e supera il precedente 50,7 gradi Celsius registrato il 13 luglio 1961 in Marocco. El Azizia, in Libia, per anni fu definita la località dove è stata registrata la temperatura terrestre più elevata, 58 gradi Celsius a El Azizia, in Libia, ma tale record fu respinto dall'Organizzazione Meteorologica Mondiale. Ed anche i 55 gradi Celsius osservati a Kebili, in Tunisia, il 7 luglio 1931 non sono considerati validi. Nel frattempo, le previsioni del ITCZ sono allarmanti, in quanto sono attese varie ondate verso nord, e potrebbero influenzare con ondate di calore straordinario anche le regioni mediterranee, anche se le previsioni per ora prospettano un'altra serie di anomalie, come il transito di aree cicloniche che sbarrerebbero la via ad un tale evento. Tuttavia, nei prossimi giorni, il ITCZ (fronte intertropicale, zona di convergenza equatoriale) tenderà a migrare verso sud, allontanando il rischio di onde di calore record verso l'Italia, ma quello in atto, rammenta ciò che è avvenuto un anno fa, e pone sconquasso nelle previsioni stagionali, in quanto prospettavano anomalie termiche negative in quell'area. Per intenderci, le rassicuranti previsioni che davano clima nella media o con temperature sotto la media, sono state smentite dall'evento meteo in atto. Aggiornamenti e monitoraggio evoluzione meteo, 24/24 ore a cura dello Staff LINK rapido alle PREVISIONI METEO dei capoluoghi di regione d'Italia, oppure vai su CERCA la tua località nel campo form in alto alla pagina: Meteo ANCONA Meteo AOSTA Meteo BARI Meteo BOLOGNA Meteo CAGLIARI Meteo CAMPOBASSO Meteo CATANZARO Meteo FIRENZE Meteo GENOVA Meteo L'AQUILA Meteo MILANO Meteo NAPOLI Meteo PALERMO Meteo PERUGIA Meteo POTENZA Meteo ROMA Meteo TORINO Meteo TRENTO Meteo TRIESTE Meteo VENEZIA
          Trump Picks Pakistan Ambassador for Under Secretary as State      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
President Donald Trump has nominated career diplomat David Hale to be the next under secretary of state for political affairs.  Hale has been serving as U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan since 2015. Before that he was the ambassador to Lebanon and Jordan.  He has also served in Tunisia, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and the United Nations.  In Washington, Hale served as deputy assistant secretary of state for Israel, Egypt and the Levant; director for Israel-Palestinian Affairs and executive assistant to former Secretary of State Madeline Albright. He speaks Arabic, is a graduate of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service, and a native of New Jersey.
          Rinascita o inizio della fine: a Bruxelles e a Helsinki Trump deciderà il futuro della Nato      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
U.S.  President Donald Trump speaks during his meeting with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at the White House in Washington. U.S., May 17, 2018. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque

Più sancire un "nuovo inizio", può scandire l'"inizio della fine". La fine dell'Alleanza atlantica. Sancita nei fatti, anche se non formalizzata. Fatti che potrebbero dipanarsi in due tempi e in due capitali diverse del Vecchio continente: prima a Bruxelles, successivamente ad Helsinki. In ambedue i momenti, uno dei protagonisti assoluti sarà Donald Trump. Nel vertice Nato, che si apre domani nella capitale belga, e nell'attesissimo faccia a faccia, lunedì prossimo in Finlandia, tra The Donald e il suo omologo russo. Vladimir Putin. La vigilia del summit bruxellese è segnata da una crescente tensione tra il presidente Usa e i non amati alleati europei. Trump chiederà ai partner di portare la spesa militare interna al 2% del Pil prima del 2024, ovvero la scadenza promessa dai membri della Nato nel 2014.

Secondo le ultime statistiche della Nato, la spesa militare dei Paesi membri europei e del Canada è aumentata in questi ultimi anni: dell'1,8% nel 2015, del 3,3% nel 2016, del 4,3% nel 2017. Ciò detto, l'organizzazione militare ha stabilito che ciascun paese membro dovrebbe spendere nel settore della difesa almeno il 2% del proprio prodotto interno lordo. L'Italia spende l'1,13% del Pil. Gli Stati Uniti oltre il 3,5%. Tre Paesi europei spendono meno dell'1,0%: la Spagna, il Belgio e il Lussemburgo. Gli europei spiegano a ragione che maggiore sicurezza si traduce anche in aiuti allo sviluppo, per esempio in Africa. Stati Uniti a parte, il traguardo del 2% - come ha ricordato recentemente il segretario generale dell'Alleanza Jens Stoltenberg - è stato finora tagliato solo da cinque Paesi (Grecia, Regno Unito, Estonia, Romania e Polonia) a cui si dovrebbero aggiungere quest'anno la Lituania e la Lettonia. L'Italia e altri 20 Paesi sono ancora lontani dall'obiettivo. Il premier italiano Giuseppe Conte, che ha in calendario una missione a Washington entro breve, ha però invitato a tenere in considerazione, nel conto della spesa, quanto – e non è poco – il nostro Paese investe nelle missioni all'estero. Quello delle spese militari, cavallo di battaglia di Trump fin dalla sua campagna elettorale, è senza dubbio il tema più scottante sul tavolo del summit chiamato anche a dare una nuova prospettiva al ruolo dell'Alleanza. Una riunione a cui i leader degli altri grandi Paesi arrivano avendo ancora in mente il voltafaccia improvviso del tycoon americano al G7 canadese. quindi prevedibile che ci sarà un'azione congiunta per cercare di evitare che a Bruxelles si ripeta una scena simile. Ma secondo le previsioni della vigilia, il risultato di questo sforzo, che sarà condotto in primo luogo dal presidente francese Emmanuel Macron e dalla cancelliera Angela Merkel, è tutt'altro che scontato.

"Gli Stati Uniti stanno spendendo molto più a favore della Nato di qualsiasi altro paese membro – ha scritto su Twitter lunedì Trump –. Non è giusto, non è accettabile. Anche se questi Paesi hanno aumentato i loro contributi, devono fare di più". Qualche giorno prima in una riunione politica aveva detto: "Lo dirò alla Nato: dovrete iniziare a pagare i conti. Gli Stati Uniti non si occuperanno di tutto, tanto più che ci stanno massacrando sul fronte commerciale". Twitter e lettere: ambedue "esplosivi". Le accuse di Trump, come riporta il New York Times, sono contenute in una serie di lettere inviate nel corso dell'ultimo mese ai leader di alcuni Paesi, tra cui Angela merkel. In quest'ultima missiva il presidente americano è stato severissimo con la Germania. L'ha accusata di "minare la sicurezza dell'alleanza atlantica" e di rappresentare un cattivo esempio, spingendo altri alleati a non rispettare i propri impegni per quel che riguarda le spese militari. "È sempre più difficile - scrive il tycoon alla cancelliera - giustificare agli americani il perché alcuni Paesi non condividono il peso della sicurezza nella Nato, mentre i soldati americani continuano a sacrificare le loro vite all'estero o a tornare a casa gravemente feriti". Nelle sue dichiarazioni, il presidente Usa ha lasciato anche intendere che al vertice di Bruxelles potrebbe annunciare una riduzione dell'impegno americano in Europa (attualmente gli Stati Uniti mantengono una forza permanente di 32 mila soldati in Germania. E infatti il suo segretario alla Difesa, James Mattis, nelle ultime settimane ha iniziato un duro lavoro sotterraneo per rassicurare i suoi omologhi. Questa mattina Nato e Unione Europea hanno firmato un nuovo accordo di collaborazione. E il presidente del Consiglio Ue Donald Tusk non ha perso occasione per avvertire Trump: "Gli Usa non hanno nessun miglior alleato dell'Ue e Trump che da un po' di tempo ormai critica la Ue quasi quotidianamente lo deve ricordare domani al vertice Nato ma soprattutto quando incontrerà il presidente russo Putin a Helsinki". Altri due temi che caratterizzeranno la due giorni bruxellese saranno, l'Iran e i rapporti con la Federazione Russa, con i componenti più russofobici dell'Alleanza, tra cui la Polonia e i Paesi Baltici, che premeranno per un maggiore presidio, sotto forma di investimenti in sicurezza, in funzione anti- russa. Sarà un passaggio chiave anche per l'Italia, con il governo gialloverde che dovrà "decidere da che parte stare": se da quella dei russi, in virtù della vicinanza più volte espressa dal vicepremier e ministro dell'Interno Matteo Salvini e confermata nel contratto di governo nel passaggio sulla cancellazione delle sanzioni comminate a Mosca dopo la crisi in Ucraina; o se confermare la "linea classica", vicina agli interessi statunitensi. Per Angela Merkel il summit della Nato dovrebbe focalizzarsi proprio sulla minaccia rappresentata dalla Russia "Le sfide per la Nato sono cambiate drasticamente negli ultimi anni", avverte la cancelliera tedesca in una dichiarazione video pubblicata sabato, sottolineando che dopo l'annessione della penisola di Crimea e le sue attività militari nell'Ucraina orientale, è importante "concentrarsi maggiormente sulla difesa dell'Alleanza." Il rischio è che Trump, dopo l'incontro con Putin, possa intraprendere azioni non coordinate con la Nato "Certo, vogliamo avere una relazione responsabile con la Russia", afferma Merkel nella dichiarazione, aggiungendo "questa è la ragione per cui continueremo ad avere colloqui nel Consiglio Nato-Russia". Se le questioni riguardanti il budget vedono per lo più contrapporsi i due blocchi Usa-Ue, sulle priorità strategiche ogni gruppo di paesi, all'interno della stessa Europa, tira acqua al proprio mulino. Gli Stati dell'Est Europa (Baltici e Polonia in particolare), allarmati sempre di più dal comportamento del vicino russo, vogliono mantenere alta l'attenzione su questo fianco. Questi vedono nel puntellamento del fianco sud, attraverso l'operazione Sea Guardian, una distrazione dal vero fronte potenzialmente caldo, quello orientale. Inoltre la creazione e lo sviluppo di una strategia autonoma di difesa europea, fortemente sostenuta da Parigi, si tradurrebbe nella fine della protezione americana, con grande preoccupazione delle cancellerie dell'Europa orientale. Questo lento processo di spostamento delle priorità militari segnala quindi l'inizio dell'abbandono delle logiche della Guerra fredda, quintessenza dell'organizzazione. Se da un lato i Baltici vengono in qualche modo tranquillizzati attraverso il rinforzamento dei quattro battaglioni di stanza nella regione, dall'altro Bruxelles punta più su un approccio prettamente diplomatico con il gigante russo, se non addirittura di dialogo, come cercato da sempre, per esempio, dai governi italiani. Con la speranza di Roma di riaprire perfino la scottante questione delle sanzioni. Ma a Bruxelles non si preannuncia "solo" un braccio di ferro Usa-Ue, ma anche uno geopolitico Est-Sud (Europa). L'Italia chiederà al vertice Nato di Bruxelles un "maggiore impegno verso il fianco sud" dell'Alleanza quindi verso il Mediterraneo, e si aspetta in tal senso un potenziamento dell'hub di Napoli. Ad annunciarlo, alla vigilia del summit, è il ministro degli Affari esteri e della cooperazione internazionale, Enzo Moavero Milanesi, in comunicazioni sulle linee programmatiche del suo dicastero alle commissioni congiunte Affari esteri ed emigrazione di Camera e Senato. "Chiederemo con forza al vertice della Nato un riequilibrio dell'impegno dell'Alleanza atlantica verso il fianco Sud della medesima: questo vuol dire Mediterraneo", rimarca il capo della diplomazia italiana. "Dobbiamo avere un eguale impegno dell'Alleanza atlantica verso Est e verso Sud", ha aggiunto il titolare della Farnesina, sottolineando come la Nato non sia estranea anche alla questione di flussi migratori. "Ci sono molti elementi che portano a ritenere che in questi battelli che portano migranti verso il nostro continente ci siano anche dei combattenti di ritorno e minacce terroristiche", annota Moavero Milanesi. "In questo quadro dovrebbe esser confermato il rafforzamento del cosiddetto hub Nato di Napoli per il comando del fianco Sud, con l'aggiunta di tutti i vari elementi legati al potenziamento della rete informativa e della valutazione delle minacce, anche con un impegno maggior di personale e di mezzi", ha aggiunto il capo della diplomazia italiana. Su questo fronte, confidano all'HuffPost fonti diplomatiche a Bruxelles, è in discussione un rafforzamento del partenariato Nato con Tunisia e Giordania e forse l'avvio di cooperazioni con la Libia, per consolidare le forze armate dei Paesi mediterranei in funzione di anti-terrorismo, controllo del territorio e dei confini.

Il forte contributo dell'Italia alle missioni internazionali consente di "bilanciare" il minor contributo finanziario alle spese militari dell'Alleanza, puntualizza ancora Moavero Milanesi. Il ministro ha aggiunto di aver chiesto a Jens Stoltenberg, segretario generale della Nato, di poter conteggiare nel 2 % del Pil chiesto dagli Stati Uniti come contributo degli alleati alla spesa per la Nato la quota nazionale che andrò al bilancio dell'Unione europea per gli stanziamenti della difesa. Sul fronte europeo Moavero ha spiegato di non riuscire a vedere alternative "rispetto a un'attiva partecipazione dell'Italia nel processo di integrazione europea. Vedo male l'isolazionismo e i tentativi di puro ostacolo". "Cerchiamo piuttosto di farci portatori di proposte, anche eterodosse", per migliorare il meccanismo europeo, ha aggiunto. Anche perché "si sa bene cosa si lascia, si sa meno bene cosa si trova e lo dimostra anche a quanto sta succedendo in Gran Bretagna". I sovranisti di casa nostra sono avvisati.


          Processes structuring amphibian assemblages along a subtropical arid gradient      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Publication date: August 2018

Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 91

Author(s): Daniel Escoriza

Abstract

Biotic assemblages are organized according to multiple factors, including environmental filtering and species interactions. However, the roles of abiotic and biotic factors in the organization of amphibian assemblages in arid regions are still not completely understood. Here, I examined the distribution patterns of seven species of amphibians that occur in Tunisia (north-western Sahara Desert) and the composition of 328 amphibian assemblages, including their meta-structural organization. The species showed different responses to environmental gradients, predominantly the aridity and vegetation gradients. The assemblages in xeric regions were composed of nested subsets of the species present in mesic regions. Most of the significant species associations were explained by shared environmental responses, indicating that they can be largely attributed to environmental filtering. The only exception was between two species of generalist bufonids, Bufotes boulengeri and Sclerophrys mauritanica, which showed a residual correlation greater than their shared association with the gradient. In this case, phylogenetic and morphological similarities could favour patterns of mutual exclusion in habitats such as desert oases, where the resources are limited.


          Top Skorer Piala Dunia 2018: Harry Kane di Puncak      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Bomber Timnas Inggris, Harry Kane, untuk sementara memimpin daftar top skorer Piala Dunia 2018 dengan enam gol. Pemain berusia 24 tahun itu unggul dua gol dari pesaing terdekatnya, Romelu Lukaku (Belgia).

Kane berhasil mencetak enam gol hanya dalam tiga pertandingan Inggris di Piala Dunia 2018. Dengan rincian, lima gol di babak penyisihan, yang meliputi dua gol ke gawang Tunisia, tiga ke Panama, dan satu ke Kolombia di babak 16 besar Piala Dunia 2018.

Striker Tottenham Hotspur itu membutuhkan 276 menit untuk memborong enam gol hingga babak perempat final Piala Dunia 2018. Hanya saja, Kane belum sekali pun membukukan operan yang menjadi gol atau assist sejauh ini.

Hanya Lukaku yang kini dianggap sebagai pesaing terberat Kane untuk menggondol gelar golden boot. Mengingat, pundi-pundi gol striker Manchester United ini dapat bertambah. Meski kalah di semifinal dari Prancis, namun Lukaku masih akan bertanding sekali kali di perebutan tempat ketiga dan keempat.

 

 

Cara Penghitungan

(AP/Victor Caivano)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Selain jumlah gol, penghitungan daftar pencetak gol terbanyak Piala Dunia 2018 dinilai berdasarkan torehan assist dan catatan menit bermain.

Jika di akhir kompetisi ada dua pemain yang menjadi pencetak gol terbanyak, maka pemenangnya adalah yang menorehkan assist terbanyak, dilanjutkan dengan pemain yang mencatatkan menit bermain paling sedikit.

Daftar Top Skorer

6 Gol: Harry Kane / Inggris

4 Gol: Romelu Lukaku / Belgia

4 Gol: Cristiano Ronaldo / Portugal (*)

4 Gol: Denis Cheryshef / Rusia (*)

3 Gol: Artem Dzyuba / Rusia (*)

3 Gol: Kylian Mbappe / Prancis

3 Gol: Yerry Mina / Kolombia (*)

3 Gol: Diego Costa / Spanyol (*)

3 Gol: Edinson Cavani / Uruguay (*)


          Top Skorer Piala Dunia 2018: Harry Kane di Puncak      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Bomber Timnas Inggris, Harry Kane, untuk sementara memimpin daftar top skorer Piala Dunia 2018 dengan enam gol. Pemain berusia 24 tahun itu unggul dua gol dari pesaing terdekatnya, Romelu Lukaku (Belgia).

Kane berhasil mencetak enam gol hanya dalam tiga pertandingan Inggris di Piala Dunia 2018. Dengan rincian, lima gol di babak penyisihan, yang meliputi dua gol ke gawang Tunisia, tiga ke Panama, dan satu ke Kolombia di babak 16 besar Piala Dunia 2018.

Striker Tottenham Hotspur itu membutuhkan 276 menit untuk memborong enam gol hingga babak perempat final Piala Dunia 2018. Hanya saja, Kane belum sekali pun membukukan operan yang menjadi gol atau assist sejauh ini.

Hanya Lukaku yang kini dianggap sebagai pesaing terberat Kane untuk menggondol gelar golden boot. Mengingat, pundi-pundi gol striker Manchester United ini dapat bertambah. Meski kalah di semifinal dari Prancis, namun Lukaku masih akan bertanding sekali kali di perebutan tempat ketiga dan keempat.

 

 

Cara Penghitungan

(AP/Victor Caivano)#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Selain jumlah gol, penghitungan daftar pencetak gol terbanyak Piala Dunia 2018 dinilai berdasarkan torehan assist dan catatan menit bermain.

Jika di akhir kompetisi ada dua pemain yang menjadi pencetak gol terbanyak, maka pemenangnya adalah yang menorehkan assist terbanyak, dilanjutkan dengan pemain yang mencatatkan menit bermain paling sedikit.

Daftar Top Skorer

6 Gol: Harry Kane / Inggris

4 Gol: Romelu Lukaku / Belgia

4 Gol: Cristiano Ronaldo / Portugal (*)

4 Gol: Denis Cheryshef / Rusia (*)

3 Gol: Artem Dzyuba / Rusia (*)

3 Gol: Kylian Mbappe / Prancis

3 Gol: Yerry Mina / Kolombia (*)

3 Gol: Diego Costa / Spanyol (*)

3 Gol: Edinson Cavani / Uruguay (*)


          Against my better judgement, I am now utterly convinced that England will win the World Cup      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

EnglandReuters

  • England's national team has achieved nothing but abject failure in each of the six most recent FIFA World Cup tournaments.
  • But this World Cup in Russia has been different. The team has self-belief and determination and has proved it can get the job done.
  • England scored a 91st-minute winner against Tunisia, sent Colombia packing by winning a World Cup penalty shootout for the first time, and, in Harry Kane, has the top scorer in the whole competition.
  • Yes, against my better judgement, I am now utterly convinced that England will win the World Cup.
  • Read all of Business Insider's World Cup coverage here.

Boys, girls … huddle up. I'm going to whisper something quiet, and you have to promise not to tell a soul.

Football — it's coming home.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

NOW WATCH: This controversial Supercross star has 20 minutes to make $1 million

See Also:

SEE ALSO: Harry Kane is the best soccer player at the 2018 World Cup so far

DON'T MISS: Diego Maradona raged against the American referee and accused England of 'theft' after Colombia crashed out of the World Cup

UP NEXT: Harry Kane could score more goals than Ronaldo and Messi combined if he nets against Colombia


          Occupational lumbar back accidents in the private sector: prevalence and factors associated with their severity and sequelae in central Tunisia - Brahem A, Bouhlel M, Kacem I, Maoua M, Boughattas W, Khalfaoui D, Rejeb K, Chatti S, El Maalel O, Mrizak N.       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
In Tunisia, few studies have been focused on occupational lumbar back accidents. We conducted a descriptive retrospective study of private sector employees in central Tunisia who were victims of lumbar back accidents, reported during a 5-year period from 2...
          Rosie DiManno: I hate to say it, but Trump is right about Canada’s military spending      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Canada is a welsher state.

(Hold your outrage, that adjective has nothing to do with the Welsh.)

I am speaking specifically about this country’s financial contribution to NATO, the international alliance formed after the Second World War, constructed around the principle of collective defence. Article 5 of the establishing charter declares that “an attack on one is an attack on all.”

Originally and for four decades the thrust of NATO’s raison d’être was deterring Soviet aggression. With the end of the Cold War, NATO shifted toward helping former Soviet-bloc countries embrace democracy and the market economy.

But now it’s come full circle. Once again, under the militancy of President Vladimir Putin — annexing a chunk of Ukraine, sending troops into the Georgian civil war, intervening on the side of the Assad regime in Syria — Russia is a regional belligerent. Global even, in an era of cyber meddling and mischief and electoral interference.

With leaders of the 29 member nations meeting in Brussels on Wednesday and Thursday, the agenda includes countering that Russian bellicosity, introducing a new training mission in Iraq, and counterterrorism support for Afghanistan, Jordan and Tunisia.

President Donald Trump, however, clearly intends to pick up where he left off at their last confab a year ago — knocking ally heads together to shame them into meeting dollar commitments made three years ago (actually the target was first set in 2002): contributing 2 per cent of GDP toward spending on national defence within a decade.

The whole world was bracing for grenades Trump was expected to toss at the summit, against some of America’s staunchest friends. Before leaving Washington on Tuesday, the president got in a couple of pre-emptive shots across the bow. “NATO has not treated us fairly, but I think we’ll work something out. We pay far too much and they pay far too little.”

Meaning Europe and Canada.

Less antagonistic than previous declarations Trump has made about NATO allies, such as last month characterizing the U.S. as “the piggy bank that (NATO) likes to take from.” He also recently sent hectoring letters to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and other NATO leaders complaining that too many countries were not humping their fair share of the collective cost and investing too little in their own militaries, a commitment of tax dollars that just doesn’t square well with domestic populations.

Trump wrote that it will “become increasingly difficult to justify to American citizens why some countries continue to fail to meet our shared collective security commitments.”

It’s painful to say this, but Trump is essentially correct.

The U.S. provides most of the NATO muscle in funding and troops, shouldering nearly three-quarters of the alliance’s operating budget. NATO’s current annual operating budget is $1.38 billion, $252 million for the civilian budget and $704 million for its Security Investment Program.

The president somewhat misleads by conflating national defence spending with NATO support. But the point is fundamentally well taken. The combined defence budget of NATO nations has grown by $14.4 billion since 2016, with all but one of the countries increasing their spending and 26 contributing troops to NATO missions. “Sixteen — but not Canada — are on track to spend the NATO target of 2 per cent of their gross domestic product on defence by 2024,” notes a primer for the summit released by the Canadian Global Affairs Institute.

Canada, sturdy participant in combat and security operations, including a 12-year boots on the ground campaign in Afghanistan and a Canadian lieutenant-general who directed the air campaign that toppled the Gadhafi regime in 2011, is in the middling middle of defence spending, currently at 1.29 per cent of GDP, with a projected target of 1.4 per cent by 2026.

Read more:

Trudeau and our NATO allies brace for Trump’s arrival

Trudeau says Canada will add more troops and extend mission in Latvia

On his way to Brussels, Trudeau doubled down on his Trump resistance by reiterating that Canada has no plans to almost double-up on its defence budget, maintaining that the 2 per cent target is “an easy shorthand” but also “a limited tool” for measuring a nation’s commitment to NATO.

In his usual rhetorically obtuse way, Trudeau said: “There are always perspectives on doing more and that’s fine, that’s an important conversation to have. But the reality is, the way NATO has been having a meaningful impact wherever it goes continues to be a really important thing, and that’s certainly at the heart of the message I’ll be bringing.”

Trudeau made his remarks whilst visiting Canadian troops at a military base outside Riga, Latvia. A clever photo-op moment, jamming that drop-in on the eve of the NATO summit. Canada has 455 troops deployed to NATO’s mission in Latvia — the alliance’s buffering response to Russia’s annexation in Ukraine — and heads the seven-country battle group. Trudeau further announced that Canada is extending its Latvia mission for another four years, through to 2023, and boosting troop numbers to 540. The prime minister can burnish Canada’s international engagement by pointing to the new Mali mission, which is a UN peacekeeping operation.

Still, there is treasure in blood, potentially — which the Trudeau government has tried mightily to avoid — and treasure in hard dollars defence spending. And if Canada, an original NATO founding member, truly values the alliance in a turbulent contemporary world, then it needs to pony up its proportional share, along with the rest of the laggards. Canada loves multinational alliances; Trump, not so much. Only a year ago he called NATO “obsolete,” though he’s backed off that rash dismissal. It’s ironic that some commentators with little appetite for NATO, even less stomach for military interventions — recoiling from Western geopolitical “interests” — actually found an unlikely ally in Trump’s initial NATO skepticism. The president has threatened to reduce the 70,000 American troops currently deployed on the continent if NATO members don’t live up to their spending avowals.

It should be noted, though, that even president Barack Obama urged Parliament: “NATO needs more Canada.”

European leaders were bracing for a showdown with Trump, amidst crises in Britain (Brexit) and Germany (migration and refugees).

Just as intriguing, from a Canadian perspective — insofar as we’re allowed a look-in — is how Trudeau and Trump will contend with each other in their first face-to-face since the disaster of the June G7 summit in Quebec City, wherein the president first agreed to a group communique on trade and then withdrew from it, calling the PM “dishonest” and “weak” in a Twitter tirade.

In any event, Trump seems more dazzled about his one-on-one sit-down in Helsinki next week with Putin. Putin he respects, NATO leaders he doesn’t. He’ll be travelling to the U.K. in between.

“I have NATO. I have the U.K., which is in somewhat turmoil. And I have Putin. Putin may be the easiest of them all. Who would think?”

Who indeed.

Rosie DiManno is a columnist based in Toronto covering sports and current affairs. Follow her on Twitter: @rdimanno


          7/11/2018: Middle East: Tunisia pays tribute to troops killed in terror attack      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Tunisia paid tribute on Monday to six members of its security forces killed the day before along the border with Algeria in the country’s bloodiest terrorist attack in more than two years. The attack comes as Tunisia prepares for what it hopes will be...
          Italy to ‘punish troublemakers’ over latest migrant rescue ship      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Italy continues to take a hard line when it comes to the flood of migrants seeking to flee from Africa, primarily from Libya, and make their way to Europe. This is particularly true of the various ships operating in the waters off of Italy who have been dumping their human cargo at Italian ports for the last few years. We recently learned that the Italians have been investigating some of these ships to find if they are even operating in those waters legally. One ship, in particular, appeared to have lied about their country of origin and the flag they were flying.

This week there was yet another brouhaha involving a ship picking up migrants who were stranded at sea. The complicating factor was that this was one if Italy’s own vessels. (Associated Press)

Italy’s transport minister said Tuesday an investigation is underway into the latest rescue of migrants off Libya, in which an Italian ship tending to an oil rig picked up some 60 would-be refugees.

Minister Danilo Toninelli vowed to “punish the troublemakers” and praised the Italian coast guard for taking on the migrants from the tug Vos Thalassa. Toninelli tweeted Tuesday that the migrants were “putting at risk the lives of the crew” of the Thalassa.

Citing interior ministry officials, news agency ANSA said the Thalassa intervened in the rescue in Libya’s search and rescue zone late Monday, even though the Libyan coast guard had been alerted to the distress call. Under Italy’s new hard-line, anti-migrant interior minister Matteo Salvini, Italy is seeking to have Libya’s coast guard rescue migrants and take them back, rather than letting them come to Italy.

It does seem as if Toninelli is being overly critical here. The tugboat that took in the migrants was not out on some sort of rescue mission. They were servicing an offshore oil rig and received a distress call. Further, after the safety of the migrants had been established, they turned them over to the Coast Guard, presumably for an eventual return trip to Libya.

Italy’s solution to this standoff may appear harsh, but it’s also relatively simple. They would like Libya to take the migrants who are caught (or rescued) attempting to cross the sea and keep them in refugee facilities there. It sounds as if a number of EU members are willing to kick in some funding to help establish and maintain such facilities. Is it really that outrageous of an idea?

This week, Italy’s Transport Minister is heading to a meeting of EU interior ministers in Austria. As we’ve covered here previously, Austria currently holds the revolving EU presidency and is attempting to put that power to good use. Austria is also one of the nations at the center of the “Axis of the Willing” who are attempting to harden Europe’s external borders and stem the tide of migrants seeking to permanently settle there.

Whether you agree with their approach or not, it seems obvious that Italy should have a seat at the table in these discussions. Given their proximity to Libya and Tunisia, both Italy and Malta are obvious targets for both migrants and human traffickers. That resulted in Italy taking in well over a half million migrants in just the past four years. In 2018, however, the tide started to turn as protests in Italy began to have an effect. Thus far this year, only 17,000 migrants have been taken in. That’s barely one fifth the number arriving by July of last year.

The EU has been facing a major schism over their migrant policy for quite a while now and they need to get this under control. Union leaders in Brussels need to understand that they have neither the authority or the power to keep forcing their will on all of their member nations in this matter. If they want to hold the union together, some compromises are clearly in order.

The post Italy to ‘punish troublemakers’ over latest migrant rescue ship appeared first on Hot Air.


          Airport opening delay! - by: NORTHERNSOUL      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Laffy wrote: Well I’ve just flown EasyJet from France tonight and the boarding pass clearly says gate closes 30 mins prior to flight.That means you have to clear security too.

Not sure how you can circumvent the security that is enforced around every airport in the country Barry by wafting a tenner.


Clearly, you never used Blackpool then i.ve seen more security at Bus stations

And it isn't or wasn't the only one Newquay is exactly the same [ well a little different as some security there is provided by the RAF ] but when they're not there theres non and your very own Tees Valley isn't much different from Blackpool and i.d imagine Carlisle will be very much the same.

The only time I ever encountered it was when me and another boarder were flying out to Dublin and England were playing somewhere in Europe and they convinced themselves we were going to Dublin in an elaborate plan to confuse them but I know they used to turn up at 11 pm on Thursday nights now and again as the flight that arrived from Tunisia was well known for for people bringing back cases full of cheap fags but normally when you got back there late in the evening the terminal building was completely deserted. Personally, I don't get why they have to piss you off with security on domestic flights when they don't on bus stations when a bomb on a bus would give exactly the same result as a bomb on a 50 seater plane.
          Moez Boussarsar wins Chachya Open Rotary Edition 2018, in Sousse, Tunisia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Moez Boussarsar won the Chachya Open Rotary Edition 2018 with an average of 10.37 seconds. Hassen Kallala finished second (10.62) and Emna Boughizane finished third (10.75).

African records: Emna Boughizane‎ Megaminx 1:03.10 (average), Moez Boussarsar‎ 3x3x3 One-Handed 11.94 (single), Square-1 10.89 (single), Square-1 14.20 (average), Mouhamed Islem Boukri‎ 2x2x2 Cube 1.31 (single).


          Giuseppe And His Buddies (2010)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Video language: English 9 fuck buddies sexing one another in six scorching scenes. Some crave the outdoors, some prefer the privacy of their own bedroom. All know how to have a good time. Shot in Italy and Tunisia. Format: avi Duration: 1:22:46 Video: 640×480, XviD, 2151kbps Audio: 187kbps File size: 1.4 GB
          7/11/2018: SPORTS SOCCER: THE ROAD HERE      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
ENGLAND England 2, Tunisia 1 England 6, Panama 1 England 0, Belgium 1 England 1, Colombia 1 (4-3 PKs) England 2, Sweden 0 Leading scorers: Kane (6), Stones (2), Alli (1), Lingard (1), Maguire (1) CROATIA Croatia 2, Nigeria 0 Croatia 3, Argentina 0...
          Alla fine l’intesa nella Nato c’è. E l’Italia incassa il sostegno su Napoli      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
trump merkel stoltenbergDissolti i timori della vigilia, “la Nato è più unita che mai”. Dal summit di Bruxelles arriva il via libera a tutte le iniziative previste. Con l'operatività dell'Hub di Napoli e la cooperazione con la Tunisia, anche l'Italia è soddisfatta

          If England win the WC . . . - by: Urban Designer      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Tunisia, Colombia & Sweden would all beat Scotland comfortably
          07/11 Links Pt1: IDF intercepts Syrian drone; UK Taxpayers Sponsor Palestinian Terror; PLO-Hamas anti-England, anti-Israel Hatred Politicises FIFA World Cup      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
From Ian:

PWM: What makes a Palestinian parent proud?
One of the signs of the Palestinian Authority’s successful indoctrination of its population to admire terrorists who have murdered civilians, is when parents of terrorists openly say they are “proud” of their terrorist sons, or describe their actions as “honorable.”

The parents of Islamic Jihad member Muhammad Aql who recruited and prepared the suicide bombers who attacked a bus at Karkur Junction near Hadera on Oct. 21, 2002, murdering 14 and wounding 50, are such parents. When interviewed on official PA TV they described his actions as bringing them “honor”:

Mother of terrorist prisoner Muhammad Aql: “Our hope is that Allah will release them from prison. These are heroes we raise our heads thanks to them...”
Father of terrorist prisoner Muhammad Aql: “Praise Allah, he is imprisoned for an action that honors us, and not for anything else.”
[Official PA TV, Giants of Endurance, June 17, 2018]

Terrorist Aql was also involved in additional shooting and bombing attacks and is serving 14 life sentences.

By law, the PA pays Aql and thousands of other terrorist prisoners a monthly salary, as documented by Palestinian Media Watch.
UK Taxpayers Sponsor Palestinian Terror
As support for the Palestinian cause drops off even in the Arab world, news that Australia has cut a $7 million ‘lifeline’ to a death-cult is welcome indeed.

Maybe it’s also time for Britain to get real – especially in the wake of the barely reported stoning of Prince William’s vehicle – and acknowledge the need to stop encouraging terror with taxpayers’ money.

Australia has decided to discontinue direct aid to the Palestinian Authority because it suspects the cash is freeing up funds used to back political violence. And we have recently learnt that the UK gave £20 million in aid to Palestinian schools, where they teach children about Jihad (holy war) and martyrdom.

A report by the Institute for Monitoring Peace and Cultural Tolerance in School Education reveals that the PA school curriculum “utilizes a variety of tools to convince children – mostly boys – to risk their lives and die as martyrs”.

It goes on to highlight some of the lessons being funded by British aid. For example, a science textbook explains Newton’s second law of physics – on power, mass and tensile strength – by using an image of a boy with a slingshot targeting soldiers.

Meanwhile jihadists continue their desperate attempts to engage Western sympathy by stoking up further flames in Gaza, sending burning kites to destroy Israeli crops while also trying to force their way through the border fence in order to kill Jews.
PA Promises to Only Pay Families of Nice Terrorists (satire)
The Israeli parliament’s decision to bring forward legislation to financially penalize the Palestinian Authority by the amount they pay out to families of terrorists, has led to a call for compromise by the West Bank leadership.

“We get it, honestly. We understand why the Israelis might be a bit pissed with us for dishing out dollars to encourage more stabbings”, a spokesman said. “But, not all our guys are that bad, Zionist-killing aside of course. More than one of them could be described, as I believe those Jews would say, as a ‘true mensch’. They never forget to call their grandparents and are always promising to find a nice young girl to start a family with. Well, before they go out and kill Jews anyway. So, all we’re asking is that Israel is just a bit more understanding and will let us to continue to pay out funds to the families of these nice guys.”

Israel, unsurprisingly, did not react positively to the PA’s proposal. One government spokesman said that “while we can all get behind a good mensch, we don’t appreciate the Palestinians abusing the term. However often they call their grandmother, these guys are no Kevin Hart or Dwayne Johnson.”
David Singer: PLO-Hamas anti-England, anti-Israel Hatred Politicises FIFA World Cup
FIFA’s admission of the Palestinian Football Federation as a member of FIFA in 1988 had also contravened Article 10.1 of FIFA’s then governing articles:
'Any Association which is responsible for organising and supervising football in its country may become a Member of FIFA. In this context, the expression “country” shall refer to an independent state recognised by the international Community.'

FIFA started living in its own dream world 26 years before Sweden joined it. Who will replace Sweden as Britain’s nemesis was summed up by another fan:
“Anyone supporting England is supporting Israel itself. These teams represent their countries and governments and will raise their flags in the stands. How can I support the country that allowed the Jewish state on our land?”

The Gazan fans are in for a shock and a reality check when they begin choosing one of the three remaining teams – France, Belgium or Croatia – to topple the evil Brits.

France, Belgium and Croatia just happen to have all voted in favour of the Mandate for Palestine incorporating the Balfour Declaration.

The semi-finals, final and third-place playoff will be agony for Gazan viewers as one of these last four countries holds up the trophy on the winner’s podium come finals day – the others the three minor places - with their flags filling Gaza’s TV screens.

The moral is clear – international law cannot be turned on and off as circumstances dictate – because one day the perpetrator will become entrapped in the hopeless position that the Arab States, the PLO and Hamas now find themselves.

Throwing out binding international law – the Balfour Declaration and the Mandate for Palestine – and falsely creating fake international law – “the State of Palestine” – goes to the heart of why the Arab-Jewish conflict still remains unresolved in 2018.



IDF intercepts Syrian drone that penetrated 10 kilometers into Israel
The Israel Defense Forces shot down a Syrian drone that penetrated several miles into Israeli territory from Syria on Wednesday, apparently sending fragments of the aircraft crashing into the Sea of Galilee, the military said.

“Using a Patriot battery, the IDF intercepted an unmanned aerial vehicle that infiltrated from Syria into Israeli territory,” the IDF said in a statement.

The IDF said the Syrian drone was flown into Israel through Jordan.

The incident took place as Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu visited Moscow to stress to Russian President Vladimir Putin that Israel will not tolerate an Iranian military presence in Syria.

The anti-aircraft Patriot missile that was fired at the drone set off rocket sirens in the southern Golan Heights and northern Jordan Valley regions, the army said. Residents of northern Israel reported seeing a trail of smoke in the sky as well as hearing explosions.

The drone reportedly managed to fly some 10 kilometers (three miles) into Israel before it was shot down over the Sea of Galilee. This indicates that the UAV was deliberately flown into Israel and did not accidentally enter the airspace as it was conducting a mission near the border.

It was not immediately clear how the drone managed to penetrate so deeply into Israel before it was intercepted.

There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.
Evelyn Gordon: Why has settlement building dropped with President Trump in Office?
Contrary to his image overseas, Benjamin Netanyahu has never displayed much interest in settlement expansion. As I’ve noted before, settlement construction during most of his last nine years in office was lower than under any of his predecessors, including [those most committed to territorial compromise] like Ehud Barak and Ehud Olmert. . . .

But most of Netanyahu’s party and many of his coalition partners do favor expanding settlements. Thus, to persuade them to show restraint, he must be able to demonstrate that doing so will produce tangible international benefits—either increased international support or at least reduced international hostility. And since no Israeli concession has ever produced any recompense from Europe, . . . that means from America.

Under the Obama administration, settlement restraint provided no benefits whatsoever. In 2009, for instance, Netanyahu, [responding to U.S. pressure], instituted an unprecedented ten-month settlement freeze to facilitate negotiations with the Palestinian Authority, whose leader, Mahmoud Abbas, refused even to show up for nine months and then walked out in the tenth. . . .

At no point during President Obama’s two terms did administration officials even give Netanyahu lip-service credit for restraining settlement construction. Instead, they picked nonstop public fights over the issue. Thus, toward the end of Obama’s tenure, it had become impossible for Netanyahu to persuade his cabinet that Israel was gaining anything by this restraint, and settlement construction began rising again. . . .

In the past eighteen months, [by contrast], President Trump has provided unstinting support for Israel at the United Nations via Ambassador Nikki Haley; recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and moved the U.S. embassy there; publicly confronted the PA’s “pay-to-slay” policy; cut funding for UNRWA, the organization whose sole purpose is to perpetuate the Palestinian refugee problem; and abandoned the disastrous nuclear deal with Iran. For anyone but the most rabid settlement supporter, this is clearly a worthwhile tradeoff.
Caroline Glick: NATO Is the Author of Its Own Demise
Today the U.S faces two main threats: China and radical Islam. Obviously, European nations have no capacity to play a significant role in containing or deterring China militarily. And as a military alliance, it is hard to see why NATO would be the tool of choice for developing common trade policies among allied nations to rein in China economically. Certainly NATO has been unable or unwilling to assist the U.S. in confronting the malign influence of North Korea, China’s most dangerous satellite.

As for radical Islam, due to Turkish membership in NATO, and due to European refusal to take any significant steps to rein in radical Islamic forces in Europe or anywhere else, it is abundantly clear that NATO is not the proper vehicle for U.S.-led collective defense against Iran or other jihadist powers.

To the extent that the U.S. seeks to work in the framework of a collective defense organization, it will need to look beyond NATO. It will require new alliance structures. Those can be informal, or transactional, or limited in scope, rather than formal and brittle, as NATO has been. But whether or not such alliances form, it is abundantly clear that scaling back NATO is a reasonable — indeed, a necessary — move.

As for President Trump, despite the bloviations of his critics, he bears no responsibility for NATO’s irrelevance. Trump did not cause NATO to have little role to play in fighting the key threats to American and global security. NATO has had nearly three decades to figure out how to do that. But it failed.

All that Trump has done is point out the reality of NATO’s decline — which his four predecessors refused to acknowledge.
Trump’s Mideast ‘deal of the century’ turns out to be a big fat nothing burger
Mahmoud Abbas’ government in Ramallah is squeezing Gaza harder than the Netanyahu government in Jerusalem is. It is Abbas and the PA, not Netanyahu, who is withholding the salaries of civil servants in Gaza. It is Abbas and the PA who have reduced the flow of electricity from Israel to Gaza, by not paying Gaza’s bills. It is Abbas and the PA who have blocked the import of medical supplies from the West Bank to Gaza. All this is intended to foment anger at Hamas, with the goal of restoring the Palestinian Authority to power in Gaza. All it has achieved is to saddle Israel with the responsibility of saving the Gazans from humanitarian disaster—and the better life is in Gaza, the more entrenched Hamas becomes.

According to the Israeli newspaper Ha-Aretz, Trump’s envoys have secured promises of $500m from the Arab states, as support for a peace deal. Much of the money would fund the building of a power station and an industrial area adjacent to Gaza, on Egyptian territory in northern Sinai. In other words, to improve life and economy for ordinary Gazans. In June, Nabil Abu Rudeineh, one of Abbas’ close aides, called an American-led effort to raise more than $500m for Gaza from Sunni Arab states a strategy to ‘perpetuate the separation between Gaza and the West Bank’. But it is Hamas and the PLO who have perpetuated that separation since 2007, despite sustained Egyptian and Saudi pressure for ‘national reconciliation’.

Israelis used to say that there was no partner for peace. Now, they have two non-partners for peace, one in Ramallah and the other in Gaza. In June, when Arab and Israeli media announced leaks from the Trump ‘deal’, Mohammed Hussein, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, called the deal ‘an unfair plan that aims at the liquidation of the Palestinian cause’ in a sermon to 90,000 worshippers at the al-Aqsa Mosque. The truth is that the Palestinian cause is now two Palestinian causes, divided by ideology, clan and geography.

One of those causes is led by Hamas in Gaza and fired by demographic pressure, religious zeal and chronic poverty. The other is led by the PLO in the West Bank, under an eighty-two year-old heavy smoker with heart trouble, a history of dodging negotiations, and no clear successor. This week, an unnamed ‘senior US official’ told the Washington Post that the US has recognised reality. As Abbas refuses to talk, the US is going to forget about peace plans and concentrate on alleviating the crisis in Gaza. No deal of the century, then. No peace, either.
20,000 Arabs migrate from Judea and Samaria every year
Former Israeli Consul in Washington and Government Press Office head Yoram Ettinger participated in the Investing in a Solution conference held last night in Elkana at the initiative of economist Erez Tzadok.

Ettinger referred to a number of issues on the political and economic level, reviewed economic successes of Americans in Israel and Judea/Samaria, and stated "the American aid money to Israel is a profitable investment in every way that generates 600-700% profits for the Americans."

Within the demographic review Ettinger rejected reports of the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics regarding population registry and immigration, noting the PA is trying to conceal the fact that 20,000 Arabs emigrate from Judea and Samaria every year.

He explained how the PA inflated the number of Arabs in Judea and Samaria from 1.8 to 3 million, and expressed disappointment at the lack of effort by Israeli officials to reveal the truth about immigration figures.
Congress Renews Push to Designate Muslim Brotherhood as Terror Group
Lawmakers on Capitol Hill are renewing a years-long push to designate the international Muslim Brotherhood organization as a terrorist organization due to its support for terror organizations that threaten U.S. security interests across the globe, according to conversations with U.S. officials spearheading the effort.

The congressional effort to target the Muslim Brotherhood will kick off early Wednesday, when lawmakers on the House's Subcommittee on National Security gather for a hearing to "examine the threat that the Muslim Brotherhood and its affiliates pose to the United States and its interests and how to most effectively counter it, including potential next steps for U.S. policy," according to the committee.

The hearing is expected to set the stage for Congress to follow through on efforts that begun in 2015 to convince the Obama administration to designate the Muslim Brotherhood as a terror group following its violent, and eventually failed, takeover in Egypt.

The State Department has opposed formal designation of the Brotherhood for some time due to efforts by the Obama administration to make diplomatic overtures to the group, particularly during its coup in Egypt. Although the Trump administration has designated various offshoots of the Brotherhood as global terror groups, the organization as a whole has escaped U.S. scrutiny.
Israel's Labor party quits Socialist International after it adopts BDS
The Labor Party sent a sternly worded letter to the Socialist International organization Tuesday after it adopted a resolution joining the Boycott Divest and Sanction Israel campaign, saying that the party would immediately leave the organization.

The Socialist International resolution that passed “calls all governments and civil society organizations to activate boycott, divestment and sanctions (BDS) against the Israeli occupation, all the occupation institutions, and the illegal Israeli settlements including the total embargo on all forms of military trade and cooperation with Israel as long as it continues its policies of occupation and Apartheid against the Palestinian people.”

Labor’s international secretary, MK Hilik Bar, called the decision hypocritical and said Labor’s decision to suspend its membership was immediate and would become permanent if the decision is not canceled. He asked the organization to stop including any reference to Labor or its party members in any of its membership information, publications, speeches, or events.

“Needless to say, the Declaration on the Palestinian Question is biased, blind to facts or reality, and partially antisemitic,” Bar wrote. “The Declaration further weakens the alleged legitimacy of the organization you lead. The language and arguments of the Declaration makes it clear that until its cancellation - there is no real dialogue to have with you, or with your organization on this issue.”
Growing Arms Purchases by Arab Countries Challenge Israel
While many are justifiably worried about a nuclear arms race in the Middle East, and the regional and international agendas continue to focus on this issue, the region itself is at the height of a conventional arms race. The motivation behind the purchases is linked mainly to the fear of Iran, internal regional competition, and the desire of Arab countries, headed by the Gulf states, to acquire status and prestige for themselves. However, the quantity and quality of the weapons reaching the region could damage Israel’s qualitative military edge (QME).

Trends in Regional Empowerment

Data published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) show that the scope of weapons exports to the Middle East increased in monetary terms by 103 percent in the period 2013-2017, compared to 2008-2012. During this time, Saudi Arabia and Egypt (each among the five leading arms purchasers in the world) increased their weapons imports by 225 percent and 215 percent, respectively. Notwithstanding the difficult economic situation in Egypt, and the belt tightening in the Gulf states due to the drop in oil prices in recent years, the defense budgets of these countries have not been significantly affected, and as a rule they have not reduced their military purchases. Egypt is going through a broad process of military buildup. Its air and sea defense arms are undergoing major modernization, including with the acquisition of two helicopter carriers from France, four advanced submarines from Germany, and 50 MIG-29 planes and S-300 air defense systems from Russia. In the Gulf, the scope of arms purchases by Saudi Arabia and the Emirates exceeds those of all Western European countries together. Moreover, a large part of the acquisitions budget is directed at the purchase of offensive systems, both Western and non-Western: attack drones as well as ground-to-ground missiles (mainly short range), accurate guided munitions (GPS), including bunker-busting bombs, and air launched cruise missiles.

In recent years, some Arab countries have tightened their security ties with China and Russia, which have fewer restrictions than the United States on the export of weapons, and more advanced weapon systems made by them have been supplied to countries in the region, and at an accelerating pace. The acquisitions are intended to strengthen relations with Moscow and Beijing; to create pressure on the United States – in part as a response to the American refusal to sell certain systems; and to limit their dependence on a single supplier. To be sure, the acquisition of weapons from different sources creates the need for suitable spare parts, specialized training, and a specific maintenance setup, and thus places a burden on the acquiring militaries. However, varied procurement also reduces dependence on the United States and reinforces the ability of these countries to adopt a more independent policy. Some of the deals with China and Russia include technology transfer and joint production. For example, China – which supplies attack drones to Jordan, Iraq, Algeria, the Emirates, and Saudi Arabia – agreed to establish a plant to manufacture them on Saudi territory.
Israel Presented U.S. with "Red Lines" for Saudi Nuclear Deal
Israel has presented the Trump administration with its "red lines" for the nuclear deal the United States is currently negotiating with Saudi Arabia to build reactors in the kingdom.

The big picture: A senior Israeli official told me the Israeli government realized it will not be able to stop the deal — set to be worth billions of dollars for the U.S. — and decided instead to attempt to reach an understanding with the Trump administration regarding the parameters of the deal.

- Last March, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu raised concerns about the deal during a meeting with President Trump and other senior U.S. officials. Netanyahu was concerned such a deal, especially if it also includes a "right" to enrich uranium, will lead to further nuclear proliferation in the Middle East. Trump and his advisers told Netanyahu that, if the U.S. does not sell the Saudis nuclear reactors, other countries like Russia or France will.
- The senior Israeli official told me Netanyahu sent Yuval Steinitz, his energy minister in charge of Israel's atomic energy committee, to Washington two weeks ago to meet with Energy Secretary Rick Perry, who is leading the negotiations with the Saudis over the nuclear deal.
IDF fires on balloon arsonists, captures infiltrator
Earlier today, an IDF aircraft fired near a group of Gazans who were launching arson balloons in the southern Gaza Strip.

In addition, IDF troops detected a suspect who attempted to cross the security fence from the southern Gaza Strip in order to sabotage security infrastructure and attack IDF troops. The suspect was caught with combustible materials and a metal cutter and was transferred to security forces for further questioning.

Terrorists from the Gaza Strip have launched arson balloons and kites at Israeli territory for the last several months, burning thousands of acres of Israeli and and causing extensive damage to fields, crops, and nature reserves.
Does Israel act disproportionately in Gaza?
The Israel Defence Forces are often accused of disproportionate military activity against their opposition. Does this accusation stand to reason? Arieh Miller from the UK Zionist Federation explains.



Muslim leader faces death threats after meeting IDF spokesman
A French Muslim leader known for his work cultivating interfaith understanding and his efforts to combat radicalization has received death threats after he appeared in a video with a senior IDF officer and spokesman.

Hassen Chalghoumi, Imam of the Drancy Mosque in Seine-Saint-Denis northeast of Paris is founder of the Conference of Imams and a long-time advocate of interfaith dialogue in France.

Born in Tunisia, Chalghoumi immigrated to France in 1996, and was naturalized in 2005.

Last Wednesday, Chalghoumi met with IDF Brig. Gen. and senior spokesman Ronen Manelis in Paris, during which the two recorded a joint video statement which was later released to social media.

In the video, Chalghoumi condemned the Hamas terror organization, the Muslim Brotherhood, and the Iranian government for their promotion of “violence and terror” in the Middle East.
Jerusalem mufti issues land transfer fatwa
The Palestinian mufti of Jerusalem, Sheikh Muhammad Hussein, on Tuesday issued a new fatwa (Islamic religious decree) banning Muslims from “facilitating the transfer of ownership of any part of Jerusalem or the land of Palestine to the enemies.”

The fatwa, according to Palestinian sources, came in response to an Israeli bill allowing Jews to purchase land in Area C of the West Bank. The bill, put forward by MK Bezalel Smotrich (Bayit Yehudi), aims to change a 1953 Jordanian law that prevents foreigners and non-Arabs from directly purchasing land in the West Bank.

The explanation for the bill states that it is “unacceptable” for Israeli citizens to be barred from buying land just because they are Israeli citizens.

The fatwa ruled that the “land of Palestine” was waqf – meaning an inalienable religious endowment in Islamic law – and as such it is prohibited to sell, bestow ownership or facilitate the transfer of ownership of any part of it to non-Muslims.

“Anyone who sells his land to the enemies, or accepts compensation for it, will commit a sin,” said Hussein in his fatwa.
Hamas 'ready' for reconciliation with Palestinian Authority
Members of Hamas' intelligence department, led by Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh, met to discuss the main issue in the Israel-Hamas conflict and a possible Hamas-Palestinian Authority (PA) reconciliation.

Following the meeting, Hamas publicized a statement praising the efforts to remove the "siege" on Gaza and condemning the PA for "trying to ensure these efforts fail by falsely claiming that the efforts are part of the 'deal of the century.'"

Hamas leaders also publicized their agreement to an Egyptian initiative to create a new peace agreement and arrange a meeting in Cairo between Hamas and Fatah leaders.

The Palestinian Authority is led by the Fatah group. Last year, a peace agreement failed due to "obstacles."

Hamas leaders also said the terror group is willing to work towards a peace agreement based on partnership in the fight against Israel, as well as make decisions jointly with the PA. Hamas' conditions for such a peace agreement include immediate cancellation of the punishments inflicted on Gaza by the PA, reformation of the Palestine Liberation Organization via elections for the "Palestinian National Council," and full implementation of the agreement made in Cairo in 2011.
IsraellyCool: Hamas to Ban Israeli Fruit Imports
Hamas has reportedly banned Gaza imports of fruit from Israel, in response to Israel’s closure of the Keren Shalom crossing.

Hamas informed Gazan merchants on Tuesday that it would stop fruit imports from Israel from entering Gaza starting Wednesday, Kan Newsreported.

The move comes in response to Israel’s closure of the Kerem Shalom crossing for non-humanitarian cases and in an attempt by Hamas to cause economic damage to Israeli farmers who are exporting fruit to Gaza. On average, 30-40 truckloads of fruit enter Gaza daily, according to Kan News.


No word on whether the ban includes fruit juice.

In other news, that’s one hell of a failed “blockade” if 30-40 truckloads of fruit have been entering Gaza daily until now.

This is yet another example of the palestinians cutting off their nose to spite their face; back in 2012 when they halved fruit imports from Israel, it was reported just how damaging that was to some Gazans:
PreOccupiedTerritory: Palestinian Make 4-Item List Of Israeli Actions Not Considered ‘Declaration Of War’ (satire)
Officials of the Palestinian Authority that governs the entity’s West Bank self-rule zones and representatives of the rival Hamas movement that runs the Gaza Strip adopted time-saving measures today, under which instead of responding to individual Israeli actions characterizing the action as a declaration of war, the groups produced a brief list of actions they do not consider a declaration of war.

Spokesmen for the groups conducted a meeting today featuring rare instances of civility and cooperation, during which they determined that the only actions by Israel, and on occasion, the US, that would not merit being called a declaration of war against the Palestinians or Muslims in general would involve abject surrender, instant disappearance, mass suicide, or not moving out of the way of some cataclysm that would annihilate the Jews of Israel.

“We figured it would take less time and energy to just tell everyone what isn’t a declaration of war,” explained Nabil Shaath, a spokesman for Fatah chief and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. “It should free us up to do other important things such as inciting our people to murderous violence and paying lifetime pensions to people who killed Jews, instead of having to meet each and every Israeli move with a separate such statement.”

Hamas officials present at the meeting seconded the necessity. “We’re very bust with making our people’s lives miserable and using that misery to exert pressure on the Zionists,” concurred Haswa Halila. “We realized yesterday when [Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin] Netanyahu announced the closure of the Kerem Shalom crossing, and we had to respond by calling that a declaration of war, that we could be much more efficient by just putting out a list of the several things that if Israel did, we wouldn’t respond like that. It’s a load off our schedules. Now we can better focus on burning down the Kerem Shalom crossing again as we did last month.”
Israel's Support for Sunnis in Syria Was Not a Failed Investment
In the course of the war, the Syrian section of the Golan has been the scene of battles between government forces and an array of opposition groups including rebels, Islamist forces and militants affiliated with al-Qaeda and Islamic State.

Israel sought to carve out a buffer zone populated by friendly forces by secretly supplying Syrian opposition fighters with aid, medical treatment in Israel and, according to the Wall Street Journal, cash payments for weapons and fighters’ salaries. It’s also providing humanitarian aid to the thousands of Syrians camped out in tents near Israel’s frontier, hoping to find sanctuary from the government onslaught.

“We were brainwashed for decades to hate Israel,” said Hani, a resident of southern Syria being treated for shrapnel wounds at Israel’s Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya. “I now see that my enemy isn’t Israel, but the people who came and destroyed our village.” He declined to give his full name for fear of reprisal.

Shared enmity of Shiite Iran has allowed Israel to create quiet ties with Sunni-led Gulf Arab states that once shunned it. By that same token, Israel’s support for the Sunnis in Syria against government and Iran-backed forces wasn’t a failed investment, said Sami Nader, head of the Levant Institute for Strategic Studies in Beirut.

“They don’t hate Israel anymore or see it as a threat,” Nader said. “Israel is not seen as the worst enemy.”
'Iran must exit all of Syria,' Netanyahu tells Putin's envoys before trip
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu met two senior Russian officials in his office Tuesday and told them Iran must leave all of Syria, just hours before flying to Moscow on Wednesday and a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

According to the Prime Minister’s Office, Netanyahu told Putin’s visiting special envoy Alexander Lavrentiev and Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Vershinin that Israel will not tolerate a military presence by Iran or its proxies anywhere in Syria, and that Damascus must strictly abide by the 1974 Separation of Forces Agreement that followed the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

Putin is obviously well aware of Israel’s position on these matters, and the recent developments in southern Syria – where Syrian President Bashar Assad is poised to reassert his control over the area – will certainly be discussed in the Putin-Netanyahu meeting Wednesday evening.

However, Netanyahu does not need to travel to the Kremlin to tell Putin Jerusalem’s positions.
IDF delivers clothes, toys donated by Israeli Golan residents to Syrian kids
In overnight operations on Tuesday-Wednesday, the Israel Defense Forces delivered hundreds of care packages donated by residents of the Israeli Golan Heights to displaced Syrian children in camps across the border, the army said.

The mission was part of the “Operation Good Neighbor” run by the IDF’s Bashan Division, which has been providing humanitarian aid to Syrians in the border area since June 2016.

Earlier this month, the Golan Regional Council opened a donation center that collected items from local communities, including hundreds of personal gift bags containing toys, crayons, games, candies and notes from the children of the Golan Heights, the army said Wednesday.

Sigal Gilboa, an official from the Golan Regional Council, said the drive targeted children aged 3-12. Israeli children living in Golan Heights communities were each asked to prepare a personal gift bag for a child in Syria.

The goods were then given to the IDF, and the military transferred the packages across the border in two military operations to “camps in the north and south of the Syrian Golan Heights,” the IDF said in a statement.
Germany charges Iranian diplomat detained in bomb plot
An Iranian diplomat suspected of involvement in a bomb plot against an Iranian opposition rally in France, was charged in Germany on Wednesday with activity as a foreign agent and conspiracy to commit murder.

Assadollah Assadi, a Vienna-based diplomat, is suspected of contracting a couple in Belgium to attack an annual meeting of an exiled Iranian opposition group in Villepinte, near Paris, German federal prosecutors said.

He allegedly gave the Antwerp-based couple a device containing 500 grams (one pound) of the explosive TATP during a meeting in Luxembourg in late June, prosecutors said in a written statement.

Assadi was detained earlier this month near the German city of Aschaffenburg on a European warrant after the couple with Iranian roots was stopped in Belgium and authorities reported finding powerful explosives in their car.

In their statement, German prosecutors allege that Assadi, who has been registered as a diplomat at the Iranian embassy in Vienna since 2014, was a member of the Iranian intelligence service “Ministry of Intelligence and Security,” whose tasks “primarily include the intensive observation and combating of opposition groups inside and outside of Iran.”
Iranian Woman Who Protested Islamic Headscarf Gets 20-Year Sentence
An Iranian woman who removed her obligatory Islamic headscarf out of protest in December says she has been sentenced to 20 years in prison.

Shaparsk Shajarizadeh posted on her personal website that she had been jailed for “opposing the compulsory hijab” and “waving a white flag of peace in the street.”

There was no immediate comment from Iranian officials.

Police in Iran arrested 29 people in February for removing their headscarves as part of a campaign known as “White Wednesdays.” Nasrin Sotoudeh, a prominent human rights lawyer who represented Shajarizadeh and other women, was arrested last month.

Shajarizadeh, 42, was released on bail in late April. Her current whereabouts were unknown.
U.S. Treasury Sanctions Malaysia-Based Air Service Provider for Ties to Iran
The United States Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctioned a Malaysia-based General Sales Agent (GSA) on Monday for collaborating with and acting on behalf of Iran’s government-operated and U.S.-sanctioned Mahan Air.

Mahan Air also faces sanctions for ties to terrorism.

Mahan Travel and Tourism Sdn Bhd, based in Malaysia, was sanctioned for “enabling Mahan Air’s international operations, especially in regards to conducting financial transactions on behalf of the airline,” according to the Treasury Department’s website.

As of Monday, all the property and interests of Mahan Travel and Tourism Sdn Bhd located within the U.S. jurisdiction have been blocked, in accordance with U.S. law.

Washington had previously sanctioned Mahan Air for allegedly transporting “operatives” of Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC), in addition to shuffling weapons and equipment to Syria. The United States has also sanctioned Caspian Air, Meraj Air, Pouya Air, and Dena Airways – all Iranian airlines, two of which had allegedly ferried weapons, fighters, and money to Iran’s proxies in Syria and Lebanon.
United States Designates Iran-backed Militant Group in Bahrain a Terrorist Organization
The United States designated an Iran-sponsored militant group in Bahrain a terrorist organization Tuesday in an effort to stop the Islamic Republic from extending its grip in the Middle East.

Al-Ashtar Brigades (AAB) was established in 2013 with the primary objective of toppling the government of Bahrain. The terrorist group has received weapons and explosives from Iran in its efforts to desolate the Bahraini regime. AAB also adopted Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in January 2018 to mimic the Islamic Republic's military strategy and further demonstrate Iran's influence on militant groups operating within Arab states in the Persian Gulf.

"Al-Ashtar is yet another in a long line of Iranian sponsored terrorists who kill on behalf of a corrupt regime," coordinator for counterterrorism Nathan A. Sales said in a statement. "Today's designation serves notice that the United States sees plainly what Iran is trying to do to Bahrain through its proxy, the terrorist group Al-Ashtar."

AAB has conducted more than 20 attacks in Bahrain since its inception, including the deadliest attack in Bahraini history—a March 2014 bombing that killed three police officers. The Bahraini government officially declared the militant group a terrorist organization in June 2017.



We have lots of ideas, but we need more resources to be even more effective. Please donate today to help get the message out and to help defend Israel.
          Occupational lumbar back accidents in the private sector: prevalence and factors associated with their severity and sequelae in central Tunisia - Brahem A, Bouhlel M, Kacem I, Maoua M, Boughattas W, Khalfaoui D, Rejeb K, Chatti S, El Maalel O, Mrizak N.      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
In Tunisia, few studies have been focused on occupational lumbar back accidents. We conducted a descriptive retrospective study of private sector employees in central Tunisia who were victims of lumbar back accidents, reported during a 5-year period from 2... (Source: SafetyLit)


Next Page: 10000

Site Map 2018_01_14
Site Map 2018_01_15
Site Map 2018_01_16
Site Map 2018_01_17
Site Map 2018_01_18
Site Map 2018_01_19
Site Map 2018_01_20
Site Map 2018_01_21
Site Map 2018_01_22
Site Map 2018_01_23
Site Map 2018_01_24
Site Map 2018_01_25
Site Map 2018_01_26
Site Map 2018_01_27
Site Map 2018_01_28
Site Map 2018_01_29
Site Map 2018_01_30
Site Map 2018_01_31
Site Map 2018_02_01
Site Map 2018_02_02
Site Map 2018_02_03
Site Map 2018_02_04
Site Map 2018_02_05
Site Map 2018_02_06
Site Map 2018_02_07
Site Map 2018_02_08
Site Map 2018_02_09
Site Map 2018_02_10
Site Map 2018_02_11
Site Map 2018_02_12
Site Map 2018_02_13
Site Map 2018_02_14
Site Map 2018_02_15
Site Map 2018_02_15
Site Map 2018_02_16
Site Map 2018_02_17
Site Map 2018_02_18
Site Map 2018_02_19
Site Map 2018_02_20
Site Map 2018_02_21
Site Map 2018_02_22
Site Map 2018_02_23
Site Map 2018_02_24
Site Map 2018_02_25
Site Map 2018_02_26
Site Map 2018_02_27
Site Map 2018_02_28
Site Map 2018_03_01
Site Map 2018_03_02
Site Map 2018_03_03
Site Map 2018_03_04
Site Map 2018_03_05
Site Map 2018_03_06
Site Map 2018_03_07
Site Map 2018_03_08
Site Map 2018_03_09
Site Map 2018_03_10
Site Map 2018_03_11
Site Map 2018_03_12
Site Map 2018_03_13
Site Map 2018_03_14
Site Map 2018_03_15
Site Map 2018_03_16
Site Map 2018_03_17
Site Map 2018_03_18
Site Map 2018_03_19
Site Map 2018_03_20
Site Map 2018_03_21
Site Map 2018_03_22
Site Map 2018_03_23
Site Map 2018_03_24
Site Map 2018_03_25
Site Map 2018_03_26
Site Map 2018_03_27
Site Map 2018_03_28
Site Map 2018_03_29
Site Map 2018_03_30
Site Map 2018_03_31
Site Map 2018_04_01
Site Map 2018_04_02
Site Map 2018_04_03
Site Map 2018_04_04
Site Map 2018_04_05
Site Map 2018_04_06
Site Map 2018_04_07
Site Map 2018_04_08
Site Map 2018_04_09
Site Map 2018_04_10
Site Map 2018_04_11
Site Map 2018_04_12
Site Map 2018_04_13
Site Map 2018_04_14
Site Map 2018_04_15
Site Map 2018_04_16
Site Map 2018_04_17
Site Map 2018_04_18
Site Map 2018_04_19
Site Map 2018_04_20
Site Map 2018_04_21
Site Map 2018_04_22
Site Map 2018_04_23
Site Map 2018_04_24
Site Map 2018_04_25
Site Map 2018_04_26
Site Map 2018_04_27
Site Map 2018_04_28
Site Map 2018_04_29
Site Map 2018_04_30
Site Map 2018_05_01
Site Map 2018_05_02
Site Map 2018_05_03
Site Map 2018_05_04
Site Map 2018_05_05
Site Map 2018_05_06
Site Map 2018_05_07
Site Map 2018_05_08
Site Map 2018_05_09
Site Map 2018_05_15
Site Map 2018_05_16
Site Map 2018_05_17
Site Map 2018_05_18
Site Map 2018_05_19
Site Map 2018_05_20
Site Map 2018_05_21
Site Map 2018_05_22
Site Map 2018_05_23
Site Map 2018_05_24
Site Map 2018_05_25
Site Map 2018_05_26
Site Map 2018_05_27
Site Map 2018_05_28
Site Map 2018_05_29
Site Map 2018_05_30
Site Map 2018_05_31
Site Map 2018_06_01
Site Map 2018_06_02
Site Map 2018_06_03
Site Map 2018_06_04
Site Map 2018_06_05
Site Map 2018_06_06
Site Map 2018_06_07
Site Map 2018_06_08
Site Map 2018_06_09
Site Map 2018_06_10
Site Map 2018_06_11
Site Map 2018_06_12
Site Map 2018_06_13
Site Map 2018_06_14
Site Map 2018_06_15
Site Map 2018_06_16
Site Map 2018_06_17
Site Map 2018_06_18
Site Map 2018_06_19
Site Map 2018_06_20
Site Map 2018_06_21
Site Map 2018_06_22
Site Map 2018_06_23
Site Map 2018_06_24
Site Map 2018_06_25
Site Map 2018_06_26
Site Map 2018_06_27
Site Map 2018_06_28
Site Map 2018_06_29
Site Map 2018_06_30
Site Map 2018_07_01
Site Map 2018_07_02
Site Map 2018_07_03
Site Map 2018_07_04
Site Map 2018_07_05
Site Map 2018_07_06
Site Map 2018_07_07
Site Map 2018_07_08
Site Map 2018_07_09
Site Map 2018_07_10
Site Map 2018_07_11