|New UN agriculture agency report underscores value of fishing in fight against global hunger - UN News Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
|Liberia: A Country On The Brink Of Total Socioeconomic Collapse Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||Everywhere in Liberia, the social crisis has reached its terminal stage. There is massive unemployment with no prospect of increasing the productivity of labor through productive economic activities in key sectors of the economy. The living standards of the mass of people cannot withstand the shock being produced by the general rise in the prices o ...|
|Dialogue Starters Announced for Upcoming Arena Civil Dialogues Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
Arena Stage at the Mead Center for American Theater will continue to host Arena Civil Dialogues to engage the D.C.-area community. Scholar, professor and peacebuilder Amitai Etzioni will moderate a series of discussions focusing on topics and questions in today's headlines, the next topic will focus on the increased presence of robots and technology use. The next Arena Civil Dialogue will be held in the Molly Smith Study at Arena Stage at the Mead Center for American Theater from 5:30-7 p.m. on August 12, 2018.
Sunday, September 16: No deplorables here; how to understand each other
Sunday, October 14: Exploring well-being in a digital world
Sunday, November 11: What makes a great America?
There will be a reception before the discussion, starting at 5 p.m. in the Lower Lobby. Due to space limitations, registration is required but there is no admission fee.
For more information and to register for future Arena Civil Dialogues, visit: www.arenastage.org/civildialogues
The November 11, 2018 Arena Civil Dialogues will discuss the question: What makes a great America? Joining the Dialogue Starters for this event will be Pulitzer Prize Award-winning playwright Ayad Akhtar, whose play Junk will run at Arena Stage from April 5 - May 5, 2019. He will be a part of the dialogue that explores: who decides what makes America great? What are the alternate views of what makes a great America, at home and in a global sense? Can America still call itself a global leader? Additional Dialogue Starters for this discussion will be announced at a later date.
Ayad Akhtar is the author of Junk (Lincoln Center, Broadway; 2018 Kennedy Prize for American Drama); Disgraced (Lincoln Center, Broadway; Pulitzer Prize for Drama, Tony nomination); The Who & The What (Lincoln Center); and The Invisible Hand (Obie Award, Outer Critics Circle John Gassner Award, Olivier and Evening Standard nominations). As a novelist, he is the author of American Dervish (Little, Brown & Co.) published in over 20 languages. Recipient of an Award in Literature from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the 2017 Steinberg Playwriting Award, as well as fellowships from the American Academy in Rome, MacDowell, The Sundance Institute, and Yaddo, where he serves as a Board Director. Board Trustee at PEN/America and New York Theatre Workshop.
Arena Stage at the Mead Center for American Theater, under the leadership of Artistic Director Molly Smith and Executive Director Edgar Dobie, is a national center dedicated to American voices and artists. Arena Stage produces plays of all that is passionate, profound, deep and dangerous in the American spirit, and presents diverse and ground-breaking work from some of the best artists around the country. Arena Stage is committed to commissioning and developing new plays and impacts the lives of over 10,000 students annually through its work in community engagement. Now in its seventh decade, Arena Stage serves a diverse annual audience of more than 300,000. arenastage.org
|New UN agriculture agency report underscores value of fishing in fight against global hunger - UN News Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
|The Global Reach Of Gabonese Afro-Zouk Singer Oliver N'goma's Song "Adia" (sound file and selected comments) Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||Edited by Azizi Powell|
This is Part II of a two part pancocojams series that showcases the song "Adia" performed by Gabonese (Central Africa) Afro-Zouk singer and composer Oliver N'goma (also given as Oliver Ngoma).
Part II showcases a sound file of Oliver N'goma performing "Adia" and presents selected comments from that sound file's discussion thread, with a particular focus on comments from a number of African nations as well as comments from some other nations worldwide.
Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/07/gabonese-singer-oliver-ngoma-adia-part.html for Part I of this series . Part II presents information about Gabon and information about Oliver N'goma. Part I of this series also showcase a sound file of the song as well as three versions of this song's lyrics (in its original language from Gabon+ French; in English, and in French).
The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.
All copyrights remain with their owners.
Thanks to Oliver N'goma for his musical legacy. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post. And thanks to the producer of this video and thanks to the publisher of this song file on YouTube.
SHOWCASE EXAMPLE: Oliver Ngoma...ADIA
jennithony, Published on Apr 19, 2008
4,065,894 total # of views [as of July 10, 20181; 12:51 AM EDT]
total # of likes 10K
total # of dislikes 608
total # of comments- 1,056
SELECTED COMMENTS FROM THIS SOUND FILE'S DISCUSSION THREAD
Most of these selected comments identify the nation that the commenter is in or is from.
These comments are given in relative chronological order, except for replies. English translations by Google Translates are given under comments. Numbers are added for referencing purposes only.
This compilation doesn't include all of the comments from that discussion thread which identified a geographical place. However, after reading that entire discussion thread to date, I attempted to include at least one comment from every nation that was cited. My apologies if I inadvertently omitted a nation that was cited in that discussion.
1. asadraza5367, 2009
"I remember this song, when i was living in the Caribbean from 1999-2001. It was played a lot at the dance clubs there, along with his other songs like Fely and Bane."
2. Linje Manyozo
"i remember one radio dj playing this song often on radio mbc in malawi. very popular..and ngoma sounds like a malawian name anyway.."
3. dorlika, 2010
"this is pure african musique you feel the heart of africa by listening to this , i remember i was very young when this came out but it still rock , every single country of africa knows this song"
4. Domsta333, 2010
"RIP RIP RIP Olivier Ngoma! King of African Zouk!"
5. Aminah K., 2010
"ça me rappelle mon pays, le Sénégal!!!! Okhooooooo!!!!"
"it reminds me of my country, Senegal !!!! Okhooooooo !!!!"
6. charleslester assoumou, 2010
"Que de bons souvenirs , quelle musique, un salut a partir de Montréal, Québec, Canada"
"What good memories, what music, a salute from Montreal, Quebec, Canada "
7. ibara gaston, 2010
"congolese people respect you , forever in our mind , one of the big left us rest in peace ibaragaston from paris"
8. TheDarinelo, 2010
"Angolan peaple cry for you oliver ngoma R.I.P"
9. monace Productions, 2010
"im from mz.. and im telling you it is still a hit here =)
i love this guy"
“mz”= probably Mozambique
10. cturiel, 2010
"Quel perte pour la musique africaine, puisses tu seulement reposer en paix l'ami ! Au paradis des musiciens ou tu te trouves maintenant tu nous as fait vibrer au son de ton afro zook tellement international. Cela fait plaisir de voir tous ces messages de condoléances affluer de partout dans le monde et cela prouve si il en était besoin que ton sound à su transcender les frontières...et les couleurs de peau !!! Pour sûr les enfants auront droit à Bane et Adia en boucle ce soir à la case :-) !!!"
"What a loss for African music, can you only rest in peace the friend! In the paradise of the musicians where you are now you made us vibrate to the sound of your afro zook so international. It is nice to see all these messages of condolence pouring in from all over the world and that proves if it was necessary that your sound knew to transcend the borders ... and the colors of skin !!! For sure the children will be entitled to Bane and Adia loop this evening to the box :-)!"
11. Daryl Richardson, 2010
"in the caribbean too, we love us some Oliver N' gouma"
12. TimF, 2011
"I was clueless of his passing away. His video accidently popped out of a query I was conducting. Being one of his countless endearing fans, I went on to play the video miles away from expecting the awful news that was about to leave me speechless. When one resides within the U.S., one's completely shut off from the outside world!
Thankfully he left us with a cluster of perennial masterpieces and a beautiful voice that will never cease to marvel us. May GOD welcome him with open arms!!"
13. Gaira Alhadi, 2011
"Noli, you went too soon, but God knows best and may light perpetual shine upon you...Your music will live on forever, Love from Sierra Leone."
"Noli" is Oliver N'goma's nickname.
14. eliott jonath, 2011
"olivier ngoma est le plus celebre artist d'afro zouk pour les mauriciens! repose en paix!!"
"olivier ngoma is the most famous Afro zouk artist for the Mauritians! rest in peace!!"
15. Al-Jean J. Sauray, 2012
"Nice, the beat reminds me of the Konpa from Haiti and Martinique -- Nice, Love it1"
16. Willy E. Victoria Ramírez, 2012
"I like this song, great music. I am listen from dominican republic. Me gusta esta cancion, gran musica. estoy escuchando desde republica dominicana."
Spanish to English translation : "Me gusta esta cancion, gran musica. estoy escuchando desde republica dominicana" = "I like this song, great music. I'm listening from the Dominican Republic."
17. JOHNWISLY OFFICIAL, 2012
"I like this song it makes me go crassy wisly am listening it in Belgium [ ik vind de lied heel heel super
Dutch to English translation = "ik vind de lied heel heel super" = "I find the song very whole"
18. Alix, 2012
"that afro music that some of us youngn's grew up hearing :) (SOUTH AFRICA)"
19. Patra Okelo, 2012
"im 2o years old from sudan grew up in nairobi kenya and i listened to tjis song every tuesday it never missed the countdow it feel like im hearing it for the first time.....i love love this one..."
20. gyler972, 2013
"Je suis antillaise et j'ai dansé et vibré sur les sons de ce grand Monsieur à la voix pleine de sensibilité.J'avoue apprécié d'avantage l'afro zouk (Monique Séka etc...)au zouk purement antillais.INOUBLIABLE! Oliver ngoma.Paix à son âme.Merci pour les émotions qu'il nous a donner."
21. gyler972, 2013
"I am West Indian and I danced and vibrated on the sounds of this great gentleman with a voice full of sensitivity. I have enjoyed more afro zouk (Monique Séka etc ...) zouk purely antillais.INOUBLIABLE! Oliver ngoma.Peace to his soul.Thanks for the emotions he gave us."
22. Anibal DaSilva, 2013
"Noli, we Cape Vedeans love you. Rest in Peace!
Paz a tua alma!"
Portuguese to English translation: "Paz a tua alma!" = "Peace to your soul!"
23. MrKoolvictor, 2013
"Manu Lima a Capeverdian producer helped with the tracks. Great music. viva Afrika"
24. sami guelawe Palm, 2013
"la musique africaine en general te donne la chaire de poule. comme un sage à tes cotés. très éducative en general la musique afrique; on se diverti mais éducative. Le journalisme africain est notre musique. Très sociale e éducative. chaque matin, nous écoutons nos journaux à travers ces chanteurs qui nous donnent beaucoup. Bref d'enchainer avec les media et journaux."
"African music in general gives you goose bumps. like a wise man by your side. very educational in general music africa; we are entertained but educative. African journalism is our music. Very social and educational. every morning we listen to our newspapers through these singers who give us a lot. In short to chain with the media and newspapers."
25. Richardson Mzaidume, 2013
"It's unfortunate that he passed away without having seen him perform live. I'd have paid whatever amount. African politics also revolve around colonial times. As result, us from Anglophone Africa know very little about musicians from Francophone Countries. It's sad but true. Gone too soon!!"
26. peace kazungu, 2013
"Rip Ngoma now i talk on behalf of Ugandans even though we don't understand the mean ,but the music so good it sounds ."
"Rip" = "Rest in peace"
27. kevin wamaya, 2013
"mad respect from KENYA!! my father loved this song so much. it reminds me of the good times we had together"
"Mad respect" = an African American Vernacular English phrase meaning "lots of respect"
28. joseph mcgill, 2014
"I'm Liberian and a huge zouk fan and noli is my all time zouk favorite. His voice and rhythm gives you an indescribable feeling. Rip noli you sure are missed"
29. SuperPeace1970, 2014
"i have no idea what he is saying, however this music is soothing to my soul!! Loving this....from the U.S. Virgin Islands"
30. James Gitonga, 2014
"Wish i could turn back the hands of time.Gone are the days.RIP Oliver.
Kenyan in Krefeld,Germany."
31. Tim Harvey, 2014
"I just feel exactly the same! I'm in Germany too"
32. elisabeth tenberge, 2014
"we from Surinam (South America) also knew his songs.
oh man what a rhythm"
33. Arturo, 2014
"wwwooooowww que riiiitmo. Supremo. Para bailar y bailar sin parar"
Spanish to English translation: "wwwooooowww what riiiitmo. Supreme." = "Wow. What rhythm Supreme. To dance and dance without stopping"
"Cette chanson me rappelle mon enfance au Togo. Je ne peux pas cesser de verser des larmes quand j écouté cette chanson et c est pour cette raison que j écouté rarement cette chanson aujourd'hui . Cette chanson me rappelle les amis d enfance et les rues de Lomé . Tout a changé . Les rues ne sont plus les même . Les amis sont tous mort ou à l étrange ou très pauvre."
"This song reminds me of my childhood in Togo. I can not stop shedding tears when I listened to this song and that is why I rarely listened to this song today. This song reminds me of childhood friends and the streets of Lome. Everything changed . The streets are not the same anymore. Friends are all dead or strange or very poor."
35. SuperCapuka, 2014
"Boy i was 5 when i used to stay up till 5 am when we had party's at home, and this song remembers me of those days, life in Europe wasnt great but everyone was happy! We didn't had much but we shared among us Africans look at how we are separated now due to litle money! R.I.P Oliver N'Gomma, great songs!"
36. Marcos Bile by nze. 2015
"Mi infancia en Gabón"
"My childhood in Gabon"
37. Nature Isle, 2015
"ahhh memories!!! Oliver's songs always brings me to tears.these good old days will never come back!!"
38. embe1, 2015
"Thanks so much! Listened to him as a small boy, didn't know he was from Gabon until right this minute. Always thought he was from Cameroon."
39. Léon-Paul BOUNOMBAR, 2015
"je saivas connu Oliver Ngoma dans les années 1977 en classe de 4éme au Lycée Technique National O. Bongo à Libreville. Des années plus tard, j'apprendrai qu'il serait devenu un célèbre musicien. Que son corps repose en paix dans les profondeurs du néant."
"I knew Oliver Ngoma in 1977 in 4th class at the O. Bongo National Technical High School in Libreville. Years later, I will learn that he would become a famous musician. May his body rest in peace in the depths of nothingness."
40. Lil Mal, 2015
"forget Redsun and the likes.. now this is what i call muuussiiiiiic!!! a kenyan in the UK"
41. MySt Justin, 2016
"Nice music make me remember 90s in librevile lovely city"
Libreville is the capitol of Gabon.
42. Appiah Eric, 2016
"I'm Ghanaian but I like Adia, a song by Oliver Ngoma"
43. yashouberry, 2016
"Mauritius? someone? ok im alone,,"
44. lapologang semong, 2016
"Am from Botswana and i love this song very much ,true african music.."
45. Bravia muyakane, 2016
"From Nairobi Kenya, Is all about Originality and not faking. I love this piece."
46. EL MIMOUNI Abla, 2016
"I am from Morocco and I love this music which make me feel extra happy, dancing like nobody watching ;)"
47. henrietta swen, 2016
"I 'm from Liberia, this song make me think on so many things during our civil war."
48. Ettie Manjo, 2017
"Hello, my family is from Liberia, but I was born in America. I know it was hard back then auntie, but thankfully Liberia is getting better now. My father used to play this song allllll the time, I basically grew up listening to Oliver Ngoma."
49. Tawanda Chakupeta, 2016
"I'm a zimbo this music is good"
My guess is that "Zimbo" means "Zimbabwe; "a person from Zimbabwe".
50. Ghuma Bama, 2016
"when i hear this Song i remenber my wonderfull childhood in Angola:) granda queta. ..😎"
51. loise mbaye, 2016
"am loise from kenya this song is awesome even if i dont understand the words it makes me feel so relaxed"
52. Gaelle M, 2016
"Mon enfance à Saint-Martin! jusqu'à mtn je l'entends. Une belle étoile qui nous a laissé de merveilleuses chansons qu'on n'oubliera jamais! R.I.P grand Monsieur"
"My childhood in Saint-Martin! until I hear it. A beautiful star who has left us wonderful songs we will never forget! R.I.P tall gentleman"
53. Katongole Paulinho II, 2016
"anyone from Uganda here??"
54. Roland Ainembabazi, 2016
"+Katongole Paulinho II Here iam.. i love the song so much, it just reminds me of how Wonderful African classics are, and above all of how African music is real music"
55. Prémices Lw, 2016
"who listen this in April 2016 like me ? vieux bons souvenirs!"
"vieux bons souvenirs" = "old good memories"
56. Priscah Wairimu, 2017
"Prémices Lwanzo am listening 2017 April😂love love Oliver ngoma songs though can't understand but i do enjoy. ...From Kenya👌"
57. Cathrine Ntore, 2018
"Priscah Wairimu still listening December 2017 I so love Oliver Ngoma thought I was the only one from Kenya"
58. Esperanza Dias, 2017
"tolle musik höre ich mir fast täglich an und die anderen Songs auch.Andenken an früher in einer Disco in Strasbourg.merci pour ca"
German to English translation = "I listen to great music almost every day and the other songs too. Remembering at a disco in Strasbourg.merci pour ca"
59. Marie Sambou, 2017
"love from Gambia :) :) :) :) :) : ) :) :) :)"
60. Essy Mirembe, 2017
"I really love and appreciate how a song can brew so much love and unity among us all...... God bless Africa...Rip Mr.Oliver Ngoma
61. N Jame, 2017
"One love to mother Africa!"
62. Masaba Masaba, 2017
"Am still loving Oliver Music ..Here in Uganda Kampala"
63. Owen Sampule, 2018
"Gabonese People please translate for us. It will make pipo enjoy the music even more."
Lyrics for this song can be found by clicking http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/07/gabonese-singer-oliver-ngoma-adia-part.html (Part I of this pancocojams series).
64. 20x5 lao atr, 2017
"Merci, enfin la traduction d'une chanson très populaire en Nouvelle-Calédonie ! Thanks so much ;)"
"Thank you, finally the translation of a very popular song in New Caledonia! Thanks so much;)"
[Note: That comment was written to a commenter who posted the French translation of "Adia"'s lyrics]
65. Edith Hoff, 2017
"edith from atlanta love this song .rest in peace oliver"
Atlanta= Atlanta, Georgia [United States]
66. FATOU AWA THIAM, 2017
"Je suis Sénégalaise et j'adore cette chanson. Elle me rappelle mon premier jour d'école.
"I am Senegalese and I love this song. She reminds me of my first day of school."
67. Abudushakulu Damulira, 2017
"Namibia windhoek city live"
68. TheSushiraw, 2017
"thumbs up from, NORWAY..."
69. My Dental Wig, 2017
"OMG! I danced this song at AFRO-Antillaise parties in FRANCE! Damn!!!!! Cette Terre sait ouvrir sa bouche et engloutir des vies!!!! Suis speechless d'apprendre qu'Olover N'Goma est decede depuis Juillet 2010 et nous sommes le 28 decembre 2016! Repose en paix l'Artiste!"
..."This Earth knows how to open its mouth and swallow lives !!!! Am speechless to learn that Olover N'Goma has died since July 2010 and we are on December 28, 2016! Rest in peace the Artist!"
70. Chris4, 2017
"Composition et Interprétation: Oliver N'GOMA (Gabon)
Programmation et Arrangements: Manu LIMA (Cap Vert)
Deux génies de la musique africaine 😃"
"Composition and Interpretation: Oliver N'GOMA (Gabon)
Programming and Arrangements: Manu LIMA (Cape Verde)
Two geniuses of African music 😃"
71. SuperCapuka, 2017
"When your kid asks for good and beautiful African music, here is a place to start!"
72. mara louna, 2017
"Africa Africa Africa i love you"
73. Matheus Nkandanga
"I'm from Namibia, I may not understand the language used in this music but it carries some African rhythms and lyrics. RIP Ngoma"
74. fredy adam, 2017
"He was a King, Genius and most of all he was our own brother.... everytime i hear this song my heart gets peace."
75. Natasha Washaya, 2017
"very nice song to dance along to on a wedding, will still have it on mine, it will never get outdated"
76. Unicornfan 246, 2018
"love from togo✊❤💛💚😄"
77. simon creevo, 2018
"Je kiffe trop. Ici Comores"
"je kiffe"= French slang from Arabic; "Je Kiffe trop" = I really enjoy it.
78. OTHMANE MAJOR, 2018
"je suis de Maroc souvenir inoubliable merci infiniment"
"I am from Morocco unforgettable memory thank you very much"
79. Rony Paul, 2018
"Afro-zouk! We truly miss you Mr Oliver N'goma..."
80. Rodgers Gasper, 2018
"am from TANZANIA just by listening this song made my day well."
81. Sophia Youboty, 2018
"Rip my African brother Oliver n Goma..love from U.S.A. 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂"
82. mohamed hussien, 2018
"i am from Ethiopia and I love this song he is songs"
83. Marliq Kigozi, 2018
"This reminds of my early years when everything was real ,life was more simpler and music was real and even people were real can't get enough of this song"
This concludes this two part pancocojams series.
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.
Visitor comments are welcome.his is a nice african song,from Gabon, I love this song
|Visit Costa Rica! From Miami, Boston, San Francisco, Orlando, New Orleans from $230 R/T [COPA] Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
Amazing deal: Miami, Boston, San Francisco, Orlando, New Orleans to Costa Rica flights round-trip as low as $230.
|A Timeline Of Media-Inflamed Fears (2000-2017) Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
Modern media does not always have the best reputation for providing complex and nuanced commentary.
The news cycle is sensational enough when we’re dealing with the regular issues of the day. But, as Visual Capitalist's Jeff Desjardins notes, add in some uncertainty and urgency – such as when the world is dealing with an outbreak like SARS, Mad Cow Disease, Ebola, or even Y2K – and each headline seems to get more provocative or speculative than the last.
Today’s graphics come to us from Information is Beautiful, and they show the intensity of news mentions for different topics that stoked frenzies in the media from 2000-2017.
VISUALIZING EBOLA SENSATIONALISM
We all make mistakes, but headlines for Ebola brought a new level of hyperbole to the table.
In fact, the outbreak in 2014 goes down as the most sensationalized events in the last 17 years.
Here’s all other topics scaled to match Ebola mentions (which go “off the page” in the first graph):
Nothing is even close.
By the way, it turned out that Ebola didn’t mutate into a scary airborne virus. The CNN article with the crazy headline even admits in the body of the article itself: “Speculation that Ebola virus disease might mutate into a form that could easily spread among humans through the air is just that: speculation, unsubstantiated by any evidence.”
Meanwhile, Ebola cases hit a maximum rate of 6,987 in a month, mainly because of delayed reporting of older cases in Liberia. Regardless, that is just 17% of the predicted “10,000 cases per week” rate reported in a New York Times headline.
Finally, as you’re probably aware: ISIS did not weaponize Ebola, either. Made for good clickbait, though.
SCALED TO DEATH
When we scale the data to match total deaths, the sensationalism of many of the outbreaks is even clearer:
The death count for Ebola did eventually hit 11,310 globally, and Swine Flu resulted in 18,500 lab-confirmed deaths (and potentially many more). However, most of these outbreaks were relatively harmless in relative terms. The Zika Virus, for example, resulted in only a handful of deaths.
While having zero deaths is certainly the ideal, and many of the issues above should be taken very seriously especially as stories develop, we should be careful not to blow things out of proportion. Making mountains out of molehills does not help anyone, and it adds to growing distrust of media in general.
|US prison denies medical assistance to jailed Russian pilot Yaroshenko — wife Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||According to earlier reports, Yaroshenko has serious dental problems, which began after he was tortured in Liberia|
|New UN agriculture agency report underscores value of fishing in fight against global hunger - UN News Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
|Modelling the spatial baseline for amphibian conservation in West Africa Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
Source: Acta Oecologica
Author(s): Johannes Penner, Moritz Augustin, Mark-Oliver Rödel
To answer questions such as whether the existing network of protected areas is sufficient, conservation needs data covering complete taxonomic groups and large geographic areas. However, most distributional data sets are either coarse, patchy and/or based solely on expert opinion which is often hard to verify. In addition, not all regions are equally well studied. For example sub-Saharan Africa remains comparatively under-sampled for most taxa, especially Central and Western Africa. However, these regions contain many threatened species, including a high diversity of highly threatened vertebrates - amphibians. To fill this knowledge gap, we extrapolated species occurrence records (n = 15,944) on a 30 arc-seconds grid for most known West African amphibian taxa (92%), using environmental niche modelling and employing relevant environmental parameters (climate, vegetation, elevation & distance to rivers).
We provide, for the first time, a fine scale distribution map of amphibian alpha diversity for the entire West African region. Already known centres of high biodiversity were confirmed (e.g. south-western Ghana and south-eastern Côte d’Ivoire) and new ones were identified (e.g. northern Liberia and the borders of Liberia with Guinea and Sierra Leone). Diversity analyses focusing on unique amphibians, i.e. threatened, endemic and evolutionary distinct species', revealed that areas of high diversity also contained many high conservation-priority species. Herewith, we offer a comprehensive baseline for identifying those areas which are important for amphibian conservation for one of the most periled regions on the continent. Those areas of high diversity were only partly in accordance with previous analyses such as the hotspot definitions, the ecoregion analyses, or analyses of other taxa, highlighting the added new value of our approach. The most outstanding areas of amphibian diversity were only partly covered by the existing network of protected areas. Thus there is an urgent need to devise a regional conservation concept to protect West African amphibians from extinction.
|State of knowledge of research in the Guinean forests of West Africa region Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
Publication date: Available online 26 August 2017
Source: Acta Oecologica
Author(s): Luca Luiselli, Daniele Dendi, Edem A. Eniang, Barineme B. Fakae, Godfrey C. Akani, John E. Fa
The Guinean forests of West Africa (GFWA) region is of highest conservation value in Africa and worldwide. The aims of this review are to systematically identify and collate studies focusing on the environment in the region. We found that, after Google Scholar search, in over 112,000 results for 17 disciplines, three countries (Nigeria, Cameroon and Togo) were subjected to much more investigations than the other countries. Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone were the least studied countries, and overall there was a significant West to East increasing trend for all seven considered disciplines (Ecology, Zoology, Botany, Conservation biology, Pollution, Climate change and Ecological economy) in terms of number of results. Within ‘Ecology’ ‘macroecology and biodiversity’ was the most studied subdiscipline. Baseline taxonomic studies in ‘Zoology’ and ‘Botany’ received little interest, particularly in 2006–2016. For ‘Conservation biology’, studies focusing on ‘protected areas’ were more numerous than for any other subsector, followed by ‘biodiversity surveys’. Our analysis revealed that there were significantly more studies focusing on forests than on mangrove areas. Our results pointed out that, there is an urgent need for more rigorous taxonomical and fine-scale distribution studies of organisms across the whole region, not only for the traditionally overlooked groups (e.g. invertebrates). It is also stressed that studies of macropatterns in conservation biology research for the region should be performed by more reliable data at the more local scale, given the misuse that has been done by general studies of these limited/biased data for inferring patterns. Long-term longitudinal studies on biodiversity patterns of important forest sites and population biology of selected populations are urgently needed, as these have been almost entirely neglected to date. Crucial issues are still to be solved: for instance, it remains fully unresolved whether wildlife can best be protected through the promotion of human economic development or through integral conservation of important biodiversity areas.
|È tornato don Camillo/66. Fanatica all’erba cipollina Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
(con una illustrazione interna di Erica Fabbroni)
La vecchia bacucca non era, poi, a un attento esame, tanto attempata o almeno non lo era quella lì. Era, invero, una donna che aveva superato la cinquantina, forse più vicina ai sessanta, ma se la cavava ancora bene, seppur i segni dei tempi non le lasciavano scampo. “Dietro liceo, davanti museo”, avrebbe sentenziato pure per lei un sagace detto popolare. Don Augusto, mentre la sentiva parlare, intuì subito un soprannome da affibbiarle più consono: da vecchia bacucca a fanatica. Sì, in ogni comunità parrocchiale che si rispetti c’è “la” fanatica: trattasi di donna un po’ stagionata con l’unico scopo di avere ragione su tutto, senza però far la fatica di mettere in moto il cervello e di dimostrare la solidità delle affermazioni!
Al pretone di città, non chiedetemi però il motivo dell’associazione di idee, venne in mente il Sudtirolo. In realtà, quella terra che lo ospita, dove le montagne e l’aria pura la fanno da padrona, accendeva un ricordo fisso e prepotente nella mente del nostro reverendo. Non poteva, ovviamente, che riguardare il cibo e si trattava precisamente dell’erba cipollina. Sì, perché in ogni pietanza, così almeno si ricordava del menù di quelle vacanze di tanti anni prima, c’era sempre quell’ingrediente, che alla fin fine gli era divenuto indigesto.
L’erba cipollina aveva probabilmente la funzione di guarnire, soprattutto le kartoffeln, mai assenti sulla tavola, ed essendo usata per ogni piatto pareva abbinarsi con tutto. Esattamente come i discorsi della fanatica: frasi ben costruite, d’effetto, condivisibili… Uno non poteva che essere d’accordo, ma poi, a riveder bene le cose, sorgeva sibillina una domanda, di quelle fastidiose perché vengono da dentro, dal profondo delle interiora: “E quindi?”.
“Bisogna essere più caritatevoli”. “Giustissimo! E quindi?”.
“Bisogna accogliere tutti”. “Giustissimo! E quindi?”.
“Bisogna essere misericordiosi”. “Giustissimo! E quindi?”.
“Bisogna guardare anzitutto alle persone”, “Giustissimo! E quindi?”.
“Bisogna sempre andare incontro all’altro”. “Giustissimo! E quindi?”.
“Bisogna fare come Gesù”. “Più che giustissimo! E quindi?”.
Quel “giustissimo! E quindi?” non voleva essere una sporca provocazione, ma era una forma di ammirazione con annessa domanda: come cioè si doveva fare per essere “più caritatevoli”, per “accogliere tutti”, per essere “misericordiosi”, per “guardare anzitutto alle persone”, per “andare incontro all’altro”, per “fare come Gesù”. Princìpi assolutamente condivisibili, ma nella vita concreta come metterli in pratica? Qui, ahinoi, ilpunctum dolens…
Se si risponde alla questione con articolato ragionamento o con una sentenza stringata, argomentando come uno debba essere “più caritatevole”, capace di “accogliere tutti”, essere “misericordioso” per saper “guardare anzitutto alle persone” così da “andare incontro all’altro” in modo da “fare come Gesù”, quella risposta risulterà una “dottrina”. E una dottrina – si legge in un qualsivoglia Dizionario – è un “insegnamento o apprendimento di nozioni relative al sapere in genere o a una determinata disciplina”. Il problema si fa poi ancor più serio quando c’è in ballo Dio: chi è colui che stabilisce l’insegnamento o il comportamento da mantenere? Dio o l’uomo? E se è l’uomo, quale soggetto si può proclamare il più illuminato degli altri e asserire, a nome di tutti, chi è il “più caritatevole” che sa “accogliere tutti” per essere “misericordiosi”, per “guardare anzitutto alle persone”, per “andare incontro all’altro” e per “fare come Gesù”?
La fanatica aveva ovviamente una via d’uscita e usava con maestria una parolina assai semplice: “libertà”. È la libertà di ognuno che permette di rispondere a tutte le suddette problematiche e altre di nuova fattura. Insomma, è il cammino personale di ciascuno e la sua coscienza che lo illumineranno sul da farsi, sul passo da compiersi. Don Augusto non poteva che rimanere ammirato dall’astuto stratagemma. Era relativismo puro, ma venduto come diritto di civiltà.
Per un mediocre filosofo e un modesto teologo tale cosa, però, non può evidentemente reggere. La libertà – risponderebbero più o meno – non è fare quello che si vuole, ma raggiungere la pienezza di essere. La coscienza non è seguire il proprio istinto o le proprie voglie, ma aderire, per l’uomo in quanto uomo, al senso comune (ossia quelle caratteristiche che fanno esattamente dell’uomo l’uomo) oppure, per il cristiano, al volere di Dio, bene sommo. Suddetto Dio che, guarda a caso, si è Rivelato: ha già detto qualcosa di Sé, ha lasciato un messaggio e ha anche ordinato ad alcuni di conservarlo, tramandarlo e confermarlo (contro tutte le fesserie che le persone avrebbero tirato fuori lungo la storia, i cosiddetti evangelicamente “falsi cristi”).
Ma allora esiste qualcosa di eterno? Anziché dire un “no” secco, la fanatica espone il “superdogma” odierno, la quintessenza della verità, con un solo altro semplice termine: “dialogo”. Nel dialogo si arriva a sistemare bene ogni cosa e il dialogo si riduce all’erba cipollina che si abbina a ogni pietanza. Perlomeno in Sudtirol…
“Ma qui non siamo in Sudtirolo”, rifletteva tra sé e sé il buon pretone dalle mani di ghisa e il cuore grande, “Il dialogo è il mezzo ovvio per esprimere all’altro i concetti, un pensiero, che hanno sempre un contenuto, che diviene dottrina. Bisogna invece capire se quel contenuto, non solo in astratto, sia vero”.
Verità. Parola terrificante oggi per l’uomo senza certezze, che però si arrabbia se le previsioni del tempo non sono giuste e piove, boia-di-un-cane, quando dovrebbe esserci il sole e tu sei via per il “week-end”.
Verità. Parola impegnativa per chiunque, troppo tediosa e faticosa per perderci del tempo insieme.
Verità. Poco allegra compagnia per chi non vuole rispondere con profondità e umiltà alle questioni della vita.
O c’è una verità che la filosofia (ovvero il coretto ragionamento umano) può raggiungere oppure non esiste nessuna verità e allora tutto è lecito e ha lo stesso valore, solo si deve essere più convincenti nella propria opinabile opinione. Si può sostenere che la massa della Terra è circa di 5,98 x 1024 kg ovvero quasi 6000 trilioni di tonnellate e, nello stesso tempo, che gli asini volano. A questo punto la fanatica, che preferisce dar fiato alla bocca piuttosto che impegnarsi in altre attività, chiede aiuto allo scientismo, che sostiene: “è vero solo ciò che è verificabile”, così è per la massa della terra non per gli equini volanti. Sempre il filosofo dalle scarsi doti obietterebbe: “Eppure l’amore, l’amicizia, la simpatia, non sono verificabili, ma sono reali!”. La fanatica, che sa di tutto un po’, controbatterebbe con qualche lezione di chimica: “Tutto ciò che proviamo è il risultato diretto della manipolazione chimica attuta dai neurotrasmettitori”. Quindi l’uomo sarebbe ridotto, nella riduzione scientista, a un insieme di impulsi, neppure tra l’altro tutti conosciuti dalla scienza. Bella scoperta!
Ecco, infine, che il filosofo ha la sua carta vincente: la nozione di verità è ben altro e indica come nella persona deve essere iscritto qualcosa di comune, che lo faccia appunto definire parte della specie umana. L’intelligenza, l’intelligere, è intus legere, ossia “leggere dentro”, guardare dentro le cose, riconoscervi l’essere, che rimanda a un altro Essere di cui si partecipa. “La persona intelligente”, diceva uno scrittore, “è quella che sa guardare dentro le cose, dentro le persone, dentro i fatti”.
Per il teologo, le riflessioni sono assai agevolate. Se la ragione ha dei limiti nel riconoscere la verità delle cose, la Rivelazione è l’ausilio per arrivare a quelle verità senza iniziale sforzo. La fatica è successiva quando si deve dare ordine e gerarchia. Certo, per accettare una testimonianza è necessario aver fiducia, se no buona notte al secchio!
La fanatica allora si vince allora con la fede unita al rigore del ragionamento e alla consapevolezza che la verità della Rivelazione si difende da sé. Uno è chiamato a dare ragione della speranza, mostrando quanto è attestato, senza dover convincere, ma con quella sapienza che viene dall’alto, come la chiama la Scrittura, assai più persuasiva delle parole umane. Questo non vieta anzi potenzia l’uso corretto della propria ragione (dono, con la fede, del Creatore!). In definitiva, bisogna affidarsi a Dio, altrimenti la rivelazione (con la “r” minuscola) diventa quella di ciascuno e, così facendo, ha il medesimo valore di un’altra, che un chiunque qualsiasi può affermare.
“Non è dogmatismo”, ragionava tra sé e sé don Augusto, “ma cogliere quanto Dio comunica all’uomo e non quanto l’uomo vorrebbe sentirsi dire da Dio!”.
Il vantaggio che ottenne il nostro pretone fu quello di tenersi lontano dai piedi la fanatica e i suoi discorsi all’erba cipollina, avendola sbugiardata pubblicamente in più di un’occasione. La fanatica, infatti, si sconfigge sul suo stesso terreno: si deve cioè essere più bravi di lei quando si gioca con le parole. Tuttavia, c’è sempre un inconveniente, perché la fanatica di nome e di fatto sa portare un certo rancore. Quello covato nei confronti del nostro pretone alla lunga gli si rivelò nocivo. Comunque sia, un versetto del Vangelo, gustato assieme a un buon bicchiere di barbera, lo rincuorò e gli diede pace.
«Se rimanete fedeli alla mia parola», aveva detto Gesù, «sarete davvero miei discepoli; conoscerete la verità e la verità vi farà liberi».
|Liberia:Liberia - Supreme Court Reserves Ruling in Controversial Imo Appointment Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||[FrontPageAfrica] Monrovia -Both petitioner and state lawyers represented by Justice Minister Frank Musa Dean put out strong arguments Tuesday before Justice-In-Chamber Jamesetta Wolokollie defending and challenging Isaac Jackson's appointment as Deputy Commissioner and Permanent Representative ...
Reported by allAfrica.com 6 minutes ago.
|Liberia:Prevention, Control - Tool for Building a Resilient Health Sector Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||[FrontPageAfrica] Monrovia -Liberia's Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Francis Kateh says the National Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) guideline is an invaluable tool for building a resilient health sector.|
|Remittance rip-offs Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|| |
All over the world migrant workers are sending money home to their families. The money pays hospital bills and school fees, buys land, builds houses and sets up small businesses. The cash goes from the US back to Mexico, from the Gulf back to India, from the UK back to Somalia, and from South Africa back to Malawi, Zimbabwe and the rest of southern Africa.
But what these workers probably do not realize, since they usually only ever send to one country, is that the cost of sending money varies greatly. Now a study of the cost of remittances, carried out by London's Overseas Development Institute with support from the fund-raising charity Comic Relief, has revealed that transfers to African countries cost around half as much again as the global average, and twice as much as transfers to Latin America.
The ODI estimates that if remittance charges were brought down to the world average, the money saved could educate an extra 14 million primary school children, half of all those currently out of school on the continent.
The bulk of this money goes through money transfer companies rather than banks, since the recipients are unlikely to have bank accounts, and transfer companies are quick, efficient and have a wide network of agents. But just two big international players dominate the business in Africa, Moneygram and Western Union, and participants in a meeting to launch the research were highly critical of the way they seemed to be abusing their market dominance.
Rwanda's High Commissioner in London, Williams Nkurunziza, said he was shocked at what the report revealed. “If you look at the remittances, 30 or 40 percent of the money that goes to Africa goes to rural areas,” he said. “This money goes to the people who are most needy, and you are allowing a multinational corporation to take bread out of the mouth of hungry children. This is not what I would call responsible capitalism!”
Glenys Kinnock, opposition spokesman on International Development in the upper house of the UK parliament, who chaired the meeting, called on the country's financial regulatory authority to intervene over the issue of excessive charges. “It is not a technocratic issue,” she said, “although it may sound like one. It is also about people's lives and the future of their children... These things have to change. We can't put up any longer with the prospect of its making things so difficult, very often impossible, for people who have such needs.”
At the end of last year, when the ODI did its research, the fees and charges to send money to most of Africa were around 12 percent - a bit less to Zambia or Tanzania, a bit more to Uganda, Malawi and the Gambia - against a world average of just over 8 percent. Even that is quite expensive; the governments of the G8 and G20 countries have pledged themselves to working towards reducing this to 5 percent.
It found that in more than 30 countries the two big players had more than 50 percent of the market; and in 10 countries they had more than 90 percent. Sometimes either Moneygram or Western Union had an effective monopoly, but even where both companies were present it did not necessarily mean that customers had much choice; one company could still have a monopoly of outlets in a particular area, and the companies habitually make their paying-out agents sign contracts promising not to also act as agents for their rivals.
Competition has been limited by the fallout from the US “war on terror”, with the banks who do bulk international transfers citing money-laundering and anti-terrorism regulations as the reason they are reluctant to extend facilities to smaller companies. Now only the biggest of the Somali companies, Dahabshiil, still has an account with a major British bank (Barclays) and even that concession was forced by a court case and is only until other arrangements can be put in place.
Inter-Africa transfers cost most
Dilip Ratha, who works on these issues for the World Bank says exchange controls are one of the reasons the rates are so high; in some places sending money out of the country is illegal. “So if you are sending money,” he says, “let's say from Benin to Ghana, it is actually allowed (in some countries it's not even allowed) but first the CFA has to be passed through into euros or sterling or dollars, and then it has to be transferred back into the local cedi, and in both cases you pay commission. Some sort of regional currency market really needs to be created.”
"So if you are sending money, let's say from Benin to Ghana, it is actually allowed (in some countries it's not even allowed) but first the CFA has to be passed through into euros or sterling or dollars, and then it has to be transferred back into the local cedi, and in both cases you pay commission. Some sort of regional currency market really needs to be created"
The report found 10 routes with bank transfer charges over 20 percent. Charges from Nigeria to Ghana were 22 percent. To send from Tanzania to the rest of East Africa, or from South Africa to its near neighbours is particularly expensive, peaking at 25 percent for bank transfers between South African and Malawi. Some of the fees charged by money transfer companies are even higher; if you send money that way from Ghana to Nigeria you may have to pay a staggering 39 percent.
In some places mobile phone based systems like M-Pesa have made in-country transfers much easier and cheaper, but they haven't really taken off internationally, largely because conservative, inflexible regulatory systems insist that all international transfers must go through conventional banks. And African banks tend to have very high charges, often because they are forced by governments to finance government projects or make uncommercial loans.
Chukwuemeka Chikezie of the Up Africa consultancy told IRIN a lot of the responsibility lay with African governments. “One of the reasons M-Pesa took off in Kenya was because the authorities nurtured and enabled innovation. If you look at other countries the regulators have tended to stifle innovation. They are very risk-averse and they don't enable even limited experiments to prove that the markets can absorb technical innovation.”
In addition, money-laundering regulations are putting impossible demands on systems designed to serve the poor, requiring, for instance, “know your customer” procedures like taking copies of ID documents for anyone receiving an international payout. Selma Ribica of M-Pesa points out this is an impossibility for agents in rural areas with no power supply. She told IRIN she would like to see a more realistic, tiered approach with much lighter regulation for small international transfers (under, say, US$200-300) which are most unlikely to have anything to do with money laundering.
Beware Facebook, Walmart
Facebook has just proposed allowing transfers between customers who have accounts with the company which they normally use to make payments for online games. So far this is only proposed for payments within the European Union, but Facebook has a huge geographical spread and has said it is keen to extend its reach in Africa.
And the big profits made by the transfer companies are tempting other players into the market. The latest to announce it is starting money transfers is the US supermarket chain Walmart, with recipients being able to pick up their cash from any shop in the chain. To start with this will only work within the United States and Puerto Rico, but Walmart is an international group with nearly 350 stores in South Africa, and it also has a presence in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Malawi and Mozambique, opening up the tempting prospect of a new, and cheaper way for workers to send money home.
All these new ways of sending money aim to undercut Moneygram and Western Union. Now Western Union has responded by offering so-called “zero-fee” transfers to Africa if the money is sent from a bank account rather by credit card or cash. This would mean a saving of just under £5 ($8.40) for someone sending $100 from the UK to Liberia. The company would still make money (nearly $4) by using a favourable exchange rate, but it would bring the cost down to just below the G8/G20 target.
For African's hard-pressed and hard-working migrants and their families back home, change may - finally - be on the way.
eb/cb99977 201404221522570983.jpg Feature Politics and Economics Remittance rip-offs IRIN LONDON Angola Burkina Faso Burundi Benin Botswana DRC Congo, Republic of Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Colombia Cape Verde Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Liberia Lesotho Morocco Madagascar Mali Mauritania Mauritius Malawi Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe eSwatini Chad Togo Tanzania Uganda Samoa South Africa Zambia Zimbabwe
|Liberia:Liberia Revenue Authority Licenses 25 Customs Brokers Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||[FrontPageAfrica] Monrovia -The Liberia Revenue Authority (LRA) has certificated and licensed 25 Customs Brokers who successfully passed the customs broker's examination test administered by the LRA.|
|Volley A2, Sieco Impavida rinnova con Pesare Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
Anche per quest’anno il reparto “Liberi” della Sieco Impavida Ortona avrà accento abruzzese. Dopo il ritorno di Toscani, arriva la conferma del teatino Giancarlo Pesare....
|Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|
Credit Meridith Kohut para The New York Times
CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts — La situación de Venezuela continúa agravándose año tras año. Si se cumplen las proyecciones de los organismos multilaterales para 2018, el país habrá perdido cerca del 50 por ciento de su producto interno bruto en cinco años. Esta caída se encuentra entre las catástrofes económicas más grandes de los últimos sesenta años, por encima de Zimbabue entre 2002 y 2008, y comparable solo con la de países que fueron soviéticos luego de la transición del comunismo. O a la de conflictos bélicos como los de Irak, Liberia, Libia y Sudán del Sur en las últimas tres décadas.
A medida que se deterioran las condiciones del país, también cambian las estrategias y los apoyos requeridos para lograr su recuperación. Veinte años de chavismo han dejado a Venezuela en una condición de invalidez tal que rescatarla va a requerir ayuda internacional en la acepción más clásica del término. América Latina y la comunidad internacional deben entenderlo así y asumir el rescate de la nación latinoamericana como una urgencia.
Credit Meridith Kohut para The New York Times
Desde 2013 hemos venido trabajando en los lineamientos de un plan de rescate para “el día después” del fin del régimen chavista. En septiembre de 2014, propusimos una reestructuración de la deuda con el fin de evitar el colapso inminente y compartir las cargas del ajuste de manera más equitativa entre los venezolanos y los acreedores de deuda pública externa. A finales de 2015, alertamos sobre la catástrofe humanitaria que se aproximaba. A principios del año 2016, propusimos acompañar la reestructuración con un programa de asistencia extraordinaria con el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI). Trabajando con un grupo de economistas venezolanos, calculamos que en aquel entonces se requerían 54.000 millones de dólares en cinco años; una cantidad similar —diez veces la cuota del país— a la ayuda que el FMI le dio a Grecia en 2010 y a Argentina hace algunos meses. Los resultados los recogimos en una propuesta para rescatar el bienestar de los venezolanos que hicimos pública en 2017.
Pero el día después no ha llegado y el futuro ya no es lo que era antes. Al actualizar nuestros estimados con los datos más recientes, hemos tomado conciencia de que los 54.000 millones de dólares que propusimos el año pasado ya no alcanzan. La causa de esta insuficiencia es la enorme destrucción de valor en los últimos doce meses. De acuerdo con un reciente reporte de la Organización de Países Exportadores de Petróleo (OPEP), en mayo de este año la producción petrolera de Venezuela fue 570.000 barriles por día inferior a la de mayo de 2017, una caída del 29 por ciento. Esta diferencia representa unos 12.000 millones de dólares anuales, cifra similar al total de las importaciones del año pasado, y equivalente a 140 por ciento de las reservas internacionales del país. Además, han colapsado los sistemas de refinación, generación eléctrica, agua, gas doméstico y salud, y se han ido del país más de un millón de venezolanos.
Nuestro problema ya no se puede resolver solo con una reestructuración de deuda más profunda o con un programa de asistencia financiera más grande. Aunque los fondos de los organismos multilaterales —como el FMI— vienen a tasas de interés muy bajas, estos préstamos deben ser repagados. Las normas del FMI requieren que el país sea lo suficientemente solvente en un plazo razonable como para poder emitir deuda a tasas de mercado, a fin de devolver los préstamos obtenidos. Dados los daños registrados en los últimos doce meses, la necesidad de fondos adicionales sería de tal magnitud, que el país quedaría sobrendeudado y perdería la posibilidad de acudir a los mercados financieros para repagarle al FMI.
Una comparación simple puede ayudar a comprenderlo: si a una persona, con buena salud, se le quema la casa que compró mediante una hipoteca, es difícil que pueda adquirir otra con otro préstamo, y salir adelante con dos hipotecas. Por lo mismo, los bancos le prestarán el crédito para una segunda hipoteca solo si se elimina la primera. Pero si, además, la persona perdió la salud y se encuentra incapacitada para trabajar a ritmo normal durante algunos años, los bancos no le prestarán para la vivienda a menos de que otros aporten parte del capital.
Lo mismo ocurre con Venezuela. Ya no es una de esas naciones que pueden ir a los mercados financieros cuando lo necesiten. Tampoco es de los países de ingresos medios, que no lo pueden hacer, pero sí pueden recurrir a préstamos ordinarios de organismos multilaterales. Hoy en día Venezuela es un país pobre, altamente endeudado, que no podrá salir adelante solamente con pedir prestado. Para estos países se creó otro recurso: las donaciones.
Las donaciones no son nuevas para el mundo, pero sí son inusuales en América Latina, particularmente en países, como Venezuela, que alguna vez fueron considerados ricos. Pero Venezuela ya tampoco es lo que era: actualmente cuenta con un ingreso per cápita aproximado de 2 600 dólares por habitante y una producción petrolera per cápita 64 por ciento inferior a la de 2005. El chavismo le ha traído al país una perdida económica superior a las que se han registrado en los países que han recibido las mayores donaciones después de sufrir grandes catástrofes naturales o situaciones de guerra.
En nuestras proyecciones, además de la reestructuración de la deuda y de un paquete financiero de 60.000 millones de dólares, Venezuela requerirá de donaciones de rápido desembolso por aproximadamente 20.000 millones de dólares, necesarios para financiar la importación de materias primas, insumos intermedios, repuestos, medicinas y equipos necesarios para iniciar la recuperación acelerada de la producción.
Estos recursos también permitirán sustituir a la impresión de moneda —el único mecanismo de financiamiento del gasto público con el que cuenta el gobierno venezolano tras agotar su capacidad de endeudamiento— y origen de la hiperinflación que azota al país. Con este apoyo, el país podría fortalecer su solvencia, lo que le haría posible acceder a un programa de financiamiento multilateral en mejores condiciones.
De obtener esta cantidad de donaciones, Venezuela no sería una excepción histórica. A precios de 2017, los 20.000 millones de dólares para Venezuela serían una fracción de la ayuda recibida por Palestina entre 2008 y 2010 (equivalentes a 67.983 millones de dólares) o Irak entre 2005 y 2007 (46.664 millones); y similar a las donaciones que recibió Haití entre 2009 y 2011, Zambia entre 2005 y 2007 o Siria y Jordania entre 2013 y 2015 (todos alrededor de 20.000 millones de dólares).
La tragedia que hoy flagela a Venezuela es uno de los desastres humanos contemporáneos más grandes. De hecho, que la devastación de esta nación latinoamericana no esté asociada a una guerra o un terremoto, no la hace menos cruenta ni menos mortífera, de acuerdo con los cálculos de Caritas.
La rápida recuperación del país y la atención a su crisis humanitaria debe ser una prioridad para América Latina y un imperativo moral para el resto del mundo. La debacle de Venezuela ha generado consecuencias funestas para la región: una crisis de refugiados, el regreso de enfermedades ya erradicadas —como el sarampión y la malaria— y problemas asociados al narcotráfico, la corrupción y el lavado de dinero. Por otro lado, la negativa del régimen venezolano a aceptar ayuda humanitaria es una muestra más de que las consideraciones políticas pueden llegar a predominar sobre el derecho a la vida.
Credit Meridith Kohut para The New York Times
El hecho de que la tragedia venezolana sea producto de la implantación gradual de un modelo de dominación social a través de la represión y el hambre, le impone a la comunidad internacional la obligación de intervenir para evitar una catástrofe humanitaria mayor.
Para comenzar a recuperarse, Venezuela va a requerir de un programa de reformas que restablezcan los derechos de propiedad, la seguridad personal y jurídica y los mecanismos de mercado. También se necesitarán programas de asistencia destinados a cubrir el enorme déficit de atención social heredado de la revolución bolivariana. Esta serie de reformas debe ser respaldada por los mecanismos de asistencia propios de la comunidad internacional: una donación como la que se hizo a Haití, un programa financiero como el que recientemente le otorgó el FMI a Argentina y una reestructuración de la deuda como la que se hizo en Irak.
El esfuerzo de la sociedad, junto con un programa integral de reformas y el respaldo internacional, pueden ayudar a restituir a la mayor brevedad la capacidad del país de salir del abismo y valerse por sí mismo.
Ricardo Hausmann es director del Centro para el Desarrollo Internacional de Harvard University. Miguel Ángel Santos y Douglas Barrios son investigadores del mismo centro.
|flag of liberia wikipedia Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||
flag of liberia wikipedia
|West Africa gears up to contain Ebola spread Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|| |
As the Ebola caseload rises to over 5,350, aid agencies and governments in countries not yet affected by the deadly virus are gearing up for its potential spread across new borders by pre-positioning supplies, training health workers, identifying isolation centres, and disseminating prevention campaign messages, among other activities.
Countries that share a land border with the affected countries, including Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea Bissau, and Mali, are considered to be most at risk.
"It is vitally important that, countries - especially surrounding countries that don't have Ebola cases as of yet - are prepared for a worst case scenario," said Pieter Desloovere, a spokesperson for the World Health Organization (WHO).
In August, WHO issued an Ebola Response Roadmap to help countries across the region limit the spread of the virus. One of its three objectives is to strengthen the ability of all countries to detect and deal with any potential cases.
"The reason that Ebola started in Guinea and has since spread to Liberia and other countries is that no one was paying attention," said Grev Hunt, the UN Children's Fund's (UNICEF's) sub-regional coordinator for the Ebola outbreak. "We were caught unaware. But now, we are paying very close attention to what is going on and making sure the same thing won't happen again."
Unlike in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, where response plans and training materials had to be created from scratch, UNICEF is now replicating those resources and giving them to neighbouring countries, saving time and effort.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) says they have put in place Ebola preparedness and response activities in 11 countries across West Africa, and many local and international NGOs have been pre-positioning medical supplies, training health workers and educating the public.
"Failing to plan is actually planning to fail," said Unni Krishnan, the head of disaster preparedness and response for Plan International. "And we know from previous disasters that a dollar you put towards preparedness... tends to save thousands, even hundreds of thousands, of lives."
Key to prevention and preparedness in at-risk countries is having access to timely funding, said the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Senegal currently has US$5.7 million at the ready to use towards Ebola preparation and prevention.
Mali has around $3.6 million and Côte d'Ivoire $2.9 million. In Guinea Bissau, where the health system is extremely weak, only $800,000 is currently available for Ebola-related activities. "It's quite a fragile situation right now," said Daniel Sanha, a communication officers for the Guinea Bissau Red Cross. "We have a contingency plan in place, but the Red Cross still has no funds to implement any Ebola intervention activities. At the same time, the government doesn't have enough funds or equipment to take all the necessary precautions."
Mass public education campaigns
National media campaigns, including radio shows, TV programmes and other on-air broadcasts, are now under way in all sub-regional countries to educate people about Ebola and give them enough information to protect themselves, as well as to prevent rumours and misunderstandings from spreading.
"This is the first time we have had an Ebola outbreak in West Africa and part of the challenge we are facing is that people have no idea what the disease actually is or how it is spread," Desloovere said.
Volunteers in Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea-Bissau are handing out pamphlets and flyers door to door, as well as posting them in public areas. Social media platforms, including Facebook and Twitter, along with text messages to mobile phone subscribers, are being used by Health Ministries and aid agencies to transmit information and to remind people to practise safe hygiene measures, and to go to a clinic if they detect symptoms.
UNICEF says the messages, which have all been approved by the Ministries of Health, are transmitted in local languages and in culturally appropriate ways. Rather than urging families not to bury their dead in the traditional way, for instance, aid agencies work with communities to find a safer burial procedure that both are comfortable with.
"Our message is very simple," said Buba Darbo, the head of disaster management for the Gambian Red Cross. "Don't touch a sick person, don't touch a dead body. If everyone follows this advice they will prevent themselves from getting Ebola."
Some messaging specifies that people should avoid shaking hands as a gesture of greeting.
Aid agencies have also begun working with religious leaders and local community leaders to spread messages about what to do, and not do, in case of possible Ebola infections.
Health worker training
Doctors and nurses across the region are being trained to spot possible cases, as well as to follow protocol for reporting suspected cases, how to prevent any further contamination and how to protect themselves.
"Educating and protecting our health workers is a top priority," said Ibrahima Sy, a grants manager and health expert with the Open Society Initiative of West Africa (OSIWA). "We need to put at their disposal all the materials they need to avoid contamination, and arm them with the information they need to avoid further spread of this virus."
In Côte d'Ivoire, for example, the Red Cross has been conducting staged simulations of Ebola cases, so that health workers know exactly what to do if they encounter a suspected case.
"We hope Ebola never comes here, but if a case were to be declared today, with the emergency health system we have in place, we are ready to take charge of it," said Franck Kodjo, the communications officer for Côte d'Ivoire's Red Cross. "All the actors, from the Ministry of Health to the local volunteers, we are prepared to take it on."
Other countries, such as The Gambia, have been training healthcare workers on how to handle the dead bodies of suspected cases.
Thus far over 300 health workers in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone have contracted Ebola, according to WHO.
Specialized prevention and response teams
To help coordinate prevention efforts and put such measures in place, many countries have created multi-sectorial committees to implement the measures. Senegal's National Crisis Committee, for example, now has a 10-committee unit dedicated to Ebola prevention and containment. They have been working with the Ministry of Health and other key partners, including the Senegalese Red Cross and WHO, to engage in activities such as resource mobilization, media and communication, surveillance, logistics, security and clinical care. The Gambia has a similar seven-committee Ebola response unit, which works alongside the government and various health partners and NGOs to implement prevention measures.
Items such as soap, chlorine, gloves, disinfectant materials, medicines, medical equipment, and hygiene kits are being stocked in countries across the region. In Mali, protection kits have also been given to some of the volunteers who are involved in contact tracing and mass education campaigns.
Identifying isolation and treatment centres
Some treatment centres and isolation units in at-risk countries have been pre-identified, but not in sufficient numbers, say aid agency staff.
Cameroon now has isolation centres and laboratories in selected hospitals throughout the country, as well as a quarantine zone in the Southwest Region of the country, near the Nigerian border. The Gambia has also established three Ebola treatment centres: one in the greater Banjul area, the second in the country's "middle belt", and the third in the far east. Senegal has established an isolation unit and has testing facilities at its Institute Pasteur, as do the Institute Pasteur in Côte d'Ivoire and laboratories in Mali. Guinea-Bissau has not yet identified isolation units.
Border closings and surveillance measures
Despite strong recommendations by WHO not to close borders, or to restrict travel to or from the affected countries, seven African countries have decided not to allow anyone from an Ebola-affected country in or out. Senegal and Côte d'Ivoire, for example, have shut all land, sea and air borders with Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. Guinea Bissau has closed its land borders with Guinea, and Guinea, in an attempt to contain the outbreak, has shut its land borders with Sierra Leone and Liberia. Cameroon has also closed its land and air borders with Nigeria though refugees fleeing Boko Haram attacks have been crossing the border.
All countries in the sub-region now have health workers posted at all main border crossings and points of entry, including the airports, where incoming travellers are screened for Ebola-like symptoms.
In Nigeria, where 21 cases have been confirmed, health workers are also going around communities to check people's temperatures and seek out the sick. Many schools, shops and restaurants now have handwashing stations set up outside their doors.
"It has become an everyday sight to see temperature-taking devices both at major border crossings, as well as hospitals and offices," said O. Nwakpa, of the Nigerian Red Cross. "They take our temperature and give you hand sanitizer each time you enter a building."
In Mauritania, not only do incoming travellers go through health checks, but outgoing travellers do as well, as the capital, Nouakchott, is considered a "last stop" before Europe.
Many communities in border areas most at risk have also created neighborhood watch programmes, in which people are encouraged to report anyone who shows Ebola-like symptoms.
Countries, such as Burkina Faso and Senegal, have set up toll-free numbers for people to call and report suspected cases.
Restricting public gatherings
To avoid potential bodily contact, many countries, such as The Gambia, have restricted or prohibited large public gatherings.
In Burkina Faso, the government has cancelled important high-level meetings, including the African Union Employment and Poverty Reeducation conference, which was scheduled to be held in the first week of September.
NGOs and health volunteers across the region say they have stopped performing educational theatre sketches on Ebola for fear of encouraging crowds to gather.
jl/bo/aj/cb100645 201407311238290807.jpg News Health West Africa gears up to contain Ebola IRIN DAKAR/OUAGADOUGOU Burkina Faso Benin Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Cape Verde Gabon Ghana Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sierra Leone Senegal Sao Tome and Principe Chad Togo Samoa West Africa Africa
|Liberia:Liberia - Supreme Court Reserves Ruling in Controversial Imo Appointment Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||[FrontPageAfrica] Monrovia -Both petitioner and state lawyers represented by Justice Minister Frank Musa Dean put out strong arguments Tuesday before Justice-In-Chamber Jamesetta Wolokollie defending and challenging Isaac Jackson's appointment as Deputy Commissioner and Permanent Representative to the International Maritime Organization (IMO.)|
|Comment on Fully Funded Commonwealth Master’s Scholarships In South Africa – 2018/19 by COLLINS V.CASSELL Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache||I am from Liberia wanting to pursue my master in pharmaceutical chemistry at Noth-West University in south africa. I presently hold a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry from the University of Liberia.|
|Buffon, Weah nel destino: da George a Timothy Cache Translate Page Web Page Cache|