Next Page: 10000

          Elisa Estonia announces bestselling devices for H1      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
(Telecompaper) Estonian mobile operator Elisa has announced lists of best-seller devices in its shops in the first quarter of the year...
          El boom del hogar del soltero y cómo cambia el consumo y la posición de las marcas      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   


El boom del hogar del soltero y cómo cambia el consumo y la posición de las marcas

Un tercio de los hogares europeos está formado ya por una sola persona




Teamleader: ¡Descarta tu e-book gratis!
Aprende cómo optimizar la gestión de los proyectos de tu agencia
Postgrado en Marketing Digital · IL3 · Universidad de Barcelona
El más completo, riguroso y avanzado del mercado · Nueva convocatoria: octubre 2018

Hace unos años, la periodista Kate Bolick detectó una pauta en los datos del censo estadounidense que le llamó la atención. Cada vez eran más las mujeres que no solo no decidían casarse, sino que además se decidían a vivir solas.

La pauta mostraba un auge de esta tendencia y podía leerse en un contexto más amplio, el de un cambio demográfico (que Europa ya había empezado un poco antes) en el que los ciudadanos se casaban menos, vivían de formas más variadas (el hogar clásico ya no era necesariamente el formado por una pareja de padres y sus dos hijos) y en el que las decisiones vitales se ajustaban mucho menos a lo que se esperaba que se hiciese, a lo que tradicionalmente se habían convertido en los pasos tradicionales que había que dar para llegar a la vida adulta y para cruzarla 'con éxito'.

Bolick usó esos datos como punto de partida para un ensayo, Solterona, en el que reivindicaba el término y lo ponía en valor. Pero los datos no eran solo una cuestión interesante en términos de feminismo, sociología o demografía, sino también un elemento al que las marcas y las empresas tenían que prestar mucha atención. El mercado estaba cambiando y cada vez era más habitual cruzarse con consumidores que formaban una familia de uno.

La tendencia está además en un momento de auge de crecimiento, como acaba de demostrar la última estadística europea sobre la cuestión. "La última estadística sobre el tamaño de los hogares en la Unión Europea muestra que en 2017 cerca de un tercio de los hogares en la UE estaba formado por un adulto soltero sin hijos", explican en la presentación de datos.
Un tercio de los hogares está formado por un solo adulto

Aunque las cifras varían entre el algo menos de 20% de Malta (el país en el que menos solteros viven solos) y el 51% de Suecia (en el que más ocurre esto), la pauta muestra una tendencia emergente. En 2010, el porcentaje de hogares que entraba dentro de este perfil era el 31%. En 2017 ya eran el 34%. En algunos países, como Letonia, la cantidad de hogares compuestos por un adulto solo creció en 10 puntos porcentuales. En España, la cantidad de estos hogares ya está más o menos por encima del 25%.

En todo el mundo, los hogares de una sola persona son ya el 15% de todos. En 25 países desarrollados, como Japón, Alemania, Finlandia o Estonia, ya hay más hogares formados por una sola persona que por la tradicional pareja con sus dos hijos. Como explican en el análisis de esos datos, el desarrollo económico, la creciente riqueza, la mejora de los estándares de vida y el cambio en la situación de las mujeres (que han logrado en el siglo XX el acceso a la educación y al trabajo y a las decisiones relacionadas con su estilo de vida) ha potenciado el crecimiento de este tipo de hogares y también que los ciudadanos vivan más tiempo de esta manera. Vivir solo se ha convertido en una etapa más de la vida y también ha dejado de ser identificado como algo solitario. Vivir solo ya no se lee como estar solo.

Por tanto, no solo hay cada vez más personas que viven solas, sino también hay cada vez más personas que toman decisiones de consumo a partir de este dato. El mercado de los productos para uno es cada vez mayor y es un filón cada vez más amplio para las empresas.
Productos para uno

Y quizás las propias empresas ya nos han ido dando pistas a lo largo de los últimos años de hacia dónde iban las cosas y cómo eso estaba modificando el modo en el que los productos se lanzaban al mercado.

En el mercado inmobiliario, los estudios y los pisos con pocas habitaciones, cuando no solo una, son cada vez más fáciles de encontrar entre la oferta de venta y entre los planes de construcción de edificios nuevos. No son, eso sí, los más simples de localizar cuando se está intentando alquilar dónde vivir. En las inmobiliarias, suelen señalar que esos pisos se alquilan muy rápido y también que el equilibrio entre oferta y demanda no está ajustado a las necesidades del inquilino. Quien haya alquilado alguno de esos pisos ya sabrá que se suelen cotizar casi en pagos en sangre de unicornio.

Otro gran ejemplo de cómo están cambiando las cosas y cómo son cada vez más conscientes las empresas del emergente mercado de las personas que viven solas son los supermercados. Algo más de una década atrás, si se iba a comprar a una gran superficie como un hipermercado era casi imposible comprar cantidades pequeñas. Todos los productos eran 'para familias'. Las bandejas de carne, por ejemplo, ofrecían siempre cantidades abrumadoras de producto y resultaba casi imposible encontrar una que ofreciese menos volumen. Ahora, sin embargo, eso no resulta tan complicado y en algunos supermercados lo difícil es hasta encontrar bandejas con cantidades masivas.
Las tendencias de consumo que lideran

Las marcas tendrán que prestarles todavía más atención en el futuro. Un estudio de Euromonitor ya apuntaba (en 2007) que los hogares de un solo miembro se iban a convertir en el grupo más importante de consumidores en el futuro inmediato. No se trataba solo de que cada vez fueran más, sino también de cómo estaban cambiando los hábitos de consumo y los estilos de vida.

Una parte muy importante de estos consumidores que viven solos son profesionales jóvenes, que tienen dinero y que quieren gastarlo. Además, apuntaban, es un mercado que gasta mucho dinero en ciertos sectores, como es el del entretenimiento, y que exige ciertos tipos de productos, como demuestra el que sea quienes impulsen el mercado de lo saludable. Otros estudios muestran que son consumidores no solo early adopters, sino también intensos de moda o viajes.

          Tallinn (HAR)- Riga (EST) ESTONIA       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Carpool Tallinn - Riga
          AMZER® Designer Case - Love For Estonia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Personalize your handheld while you protect it! This Designer case for Xiaomi Mi 8 are fashioned from a durable hard shell and topped off with a soft finish. The case is able to resist shock from accidental bumps and drops, providing the ultimate in phone protection. This Xiaomi Mi 8 Designer case snaps perfectly around your device and features precise cutouts for all ports and controls. So add a layer of fun and a layer of protection to your Xiaomi Mi 8 with a Designer Case! Customised and Print on Demand products like Designer Cases, Designer Hybrid Cases, Neoprene Sleeves can not be returned for a refund, they can only be replaced if any manufacturing/printing defect is found.
          World Leaders Cars (4)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
31. Latvia: Lexus LS600h L. (2007 car: BMW 7-Series)


32. Lithuania: BMW 7-Series. (2007 car: Mercedes S-Class)


33. Estonia: Mercedes S-Class. (2007 car: Audi A8)


34. Norway: Mercedes S-Class. (2007 car: BMW 760Li)


35. Myanmar: Mercedes S-Class. (2007 car: Toyota Land Cruiser)


36. Netherlands: BMW 740i Plug-In Hybrid. (2007 car: BMW 760Li)


37. Chile: Lexus LS. (2007 car: Peugeot 607)


38. Peru: Lexus LS. (2007 car: 1972 Chrysler Imperial)


39. Guyana: Lexus LS. (2008 car: Toyota Land Cruiser)


40. Iceland: Lexus LS. (2007 car: 1980s Cadillac)


Tally
Mercedes S-Class: 8
Lexus: 7
BMW 7-Series: 6
Audi A8: 3
Chevy Suburban: 3
Mercedes Gelandewagen: 2
Aurus Senat: 1
Cadillac: 1
Chevy: 1
Citroen DS7 Crossback: 1
Hongqi: 1
Hyundai Equus: 1
Hyundai Santa Fe: 1
Jaguar: 1
Proton: 1
Toyota/Lexus Land Cruiser: 1
VW Touareg: 1
          Estonia U-20 - Albania U-20      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Basketball. European Championship U-20 B / Men. Group Stage.
          Toadcast #323 - The Arctic Circle      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Mrs. Toad and I, as you possibly know, went on something of an epic road trip at the end of July this year.

We took the ferry to Amsterdam and drove up through Germany to Denmark, through Sweden via the Volvo Museum, and into Norway, where we went all the way up the West Coast via the Trollstigen in the South, up through Molde, Kristiansund, Trondheim, Mo I Rana, through the Lofoten Islands to Tromsø. After a couple of days there we went East and South through Finland, took the ferry from Helsinki to Tallinn, then drove through Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania into Russia where we spent our 10th wedding anniversary in Kaliningrad, on board a decommissioned oceanographic research vessel.

From there it was Poland and the Czech Republic to Vienna, where Mrs. Toad flew home and I carried on to even sillier adventures. But that is the subject for another podcast. For now, here are a bunch of songs from our Norway trip. Because these were all on mixtapes to play in the car whilst driving it's all actually surprisingly upbeat too. Not your usual miserable shite.

01. The Get Me Downs - Sexsie Volvo (00.13)
02. The Spencer Davis Group - I'm a Man (05.44)
03. Evan Dando - Hard Drive (11.47)
04. Fleetwood Mac - Tusk (15.07)
05. She and Him - Don't Look Back (22.16)
06. Jerry Reed - Tex Bound and Flyin' (27.52)
07. The Beatles - Everybody's Got Something to Hide Except for Me and My Monkey (35.33)
08. Kate and Anna McGarrigle - Come a Long Way (38.03)
09. The Come Ons - Strangelove (41.35)
10. Dory Previn - The Lady With the Braid (48.17)
11. Grandaddy - El Caminos in the West (52.17)
12. Raggare United - Volvo 245 (58.17)


          #bulgaria - islam_inside_      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
FOLLOW THE RIGHT PAGE FOLLOW THE RIGHT PATH FOLLOW THE RIGHT FAITH🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷🌷 #Estonia #France #Sweden #Denmark #Germany #Finland #Hungary #Netherlands #Europe #Slovenia #Cyprus #CzechRepublic #Russsia #Belarus #Uk #Slovakia #prilaga #Portugal #England #Italy #Greece #Bulgaria #Austria #Lithuania #Belgium #Latvia #Luxembourg #Ireland #Spain #Romania
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
INCREDIBLE INDIA PANORAMIC VIEW OF NATURE FROM CHIPLUN GHAT AND MASJID ADDING MORE LIGHT IN IT🇮🇳 #Finland #prilaga #Bulgaria #Uk #Netherlands #Greece #Slovakia #Denmark #CzechRepublic #Hungary #Luxembourg #Romania #Sweden #Europe #Austria #Lithuania #Germany #Belgium #Spain #Cyprus #England #Ireland #Russsia #Portugal #Estonia #Belarus #Latvia #Slovenia #France #Italy
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
JEWEL'S OF MY INCREDIBLE INDIA. LONAR LAKE MADE BY METEOR COLLISION.🇮🇳 #Austria #Hungary #Romania #Italy #Bulgaria #Belarus #Netherlands #Cyprus #Belgium #England #Europe #Slovakia #Latvia #Germany #Luxembourg #Spain #Portugal #Sweden #Uk #Russsia #Ireland #prilaga #Lithuania #Slovenia #Estonia #CzechRepublic #Greece #Denmark #Finland #France
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
MY INCREDIBLE INDIA CHARMINAR A MASTERPIECE OF KUTUBSHAHI DYNASTY OF GOLCONDA.CITY OF NIZAMS🇮🇳 #Denmark #prilaga #CzechRepublic #Luxembourg #Austria #Bulgaria #Lithuania #Romania #Greece #England #Finland #Slovakia #Latvia #Slovenia #Italy #Ireland #Estonia #Spain #Hungary #Cyprus #France #Belgium #Europe #Germany #Uk #Netherlands #Portugal #Russsia #Belarus #Sweden
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
MY INCREDIBLE INDIA. MAGNIFICENT LAXMI VILAS PALACE VADODRA INDIA🇮🇳 #Uk #Latvia #Slovakia #Germany #Cyprus #Ireland #Bulgaria #England #Belarus #Netherlands #prilaga #Hungary #Slovenia #Romania #France #Greece #Denmark #Europe #Austria #Italy #Finland #Estonia #CzechRepublic #Portugal #Lithuania #Spain #Russsia #Belgium #Luxembourg #Sweden
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
MY INCREDIBLE INDIA.RUINS OF RAIGARH FORT MAHARASHTRA INDIA🇮🇳 #Sweden #Europe #prilaga #England #Luxembourg #Hungary #Italy #Netherlands #Portugal #Latvia #Germany #Lithuania #Ireland #Romania #Bulgaria #Belgium #Slovenia #Finland #Cyprus #Russsia #Austria #Estonia #Greece #France #Slovakia #Uk #Belarus #Denmark #Spain #CzechRepublic
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
JEWELS OF INDIA. FORT OF MY INCREDIBLE INDIA.RAJASTHAN 🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳 #Austria #Spain #CzechRepublic #Ireland #Europe #Portugal #Romania #Italy #Sweden #Hungary #Latvia #Bulgaria #Lithuania #Estonia #France #England #prilaga #Uk #Slovenia #Belgium #Luxembourg #Finland #Slovakia #Russsia #Belarus #Germany #Cyprus #Greece #Netherlands #Denmark
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
MY INCREDIBLE INDIA.SHEESH MAHAL AMER FORT JAIPUR RAJASTHAN 🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳 #Italy #Luxembourg #Belgium #Sweden #Greece #Austria #prilaga #Lithuania #England #Estonia #Denmark #Belarus #Uk #Bulgaria #Slovenia #Cyprus #Slovakia #Spain #Russsia #Hungary #Netherlands #Germany #Romania #Latvia #Finland #Ireland #Europe #France #CzechRepublic #Portugal
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
FOLLOW THE PAGE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT MY INCREDIBLE THRONE OF TIPU SULTAN .TIGER OF MYSORE 🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳 #Hungary #Romania #Portugal #Lithuania #Cyprus #Slovenia #Denmark #Spain #Slovakia #Bulgaria #Estonia #France #prilaga #Ireland #Netherlands #Belarus #Europe #Belgium #Germany #Russsia #Austria #Sweden #CzechRepublic #Finland #England #Luxembourg #Italy #Latvia #Uk #Greece
          #bulgaria - travel_with_ziya      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
FOLLOW THE PAGE MY INCREDIBLE INDIA. JAI VILAS PALACE GWALIOR 🇮🇳🇮🇳 #Romania #France #Bulgaria #Spain #Belgium #Lithuania #Netherlands #Belarus #prilaga #Germany #Slovenia #Russsia #Luxembourg #Sweden #Cyprus #Slovakia #CzechRepublic #Finland #Italy #Uk #Austria #England #Latvia #Estonia #Portugal #Hungary #Europe #Denmark #Ireland #Greece
          Printing a house from a novel peat material      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Scientists from the University of Tartu and the Estonian University of Life Sciences have created a
          El gasto militar y los aranceles dividen a EE.UU. y sus aliados      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
La OTAN reveló ayer sus últimos datos de inversión en defensa con unas cifras estimativas de 2018 en las cuales ocho países alcanzarían el 2 por ciento del Producto Interior Bruto en gasto. EE.UU. (3,50%), Grecia (2,77%), Estonia (2,14%), Reino Unido (2,10%) y Letonia (2%) cumplirían en este momento el requisito; Polonia (ahora con un 1,98%), Lituania (1,96%) y Rumanía (1,93%) tienen iniciativas legislativas acordadas para alcanzar el objetivo del 2% a lo largo de este año. En 2014, cuando la OTAN decidió poner freno a los recortes en defensa con el impulso del presidente estadounidense Barack Obama, solo tres países superaban ese 2% (EE.UU., Grecia y Reino Unido). El anuncio se produjo a pocas horas del arranque de la Cumbre de jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de los 29 países aliados en Bruselas, que se celebra hoy y mañana. A la cita acude el presidente de EE.UU., Donald Trump, con la clara demanda de que los países europeos de la OTAN y Canadá realicen más inversiones en defensa. Ayer mismo, antes de despegar desde Washington, Trump publicó dos mensajes en su cuenta de Twitter donde no deja dudas sobre cuál será su principal objetivo en las conversaciones que mantenga con Angela Merkel, Emmanuel Macron o Pedro Sánchez, quien se estrena en foro trasatlántico, y demás líderes cuyos países no cumplan con el criterio del 2% del PIB. Altura de miras «Los países de la OTAN deben pagar MÁS, los EE.UU. deben pagar MENOS. ¡Muy injusto!». Y «Preparándonos para partir hacia Europa. Primera reunión-OTAN. Los Estados Unidos están gastando mucho más que cualquier otro país para protegerlos. No es justo para el contribuyente de los Estados Unidos. Además de eso, perdemos 151.000 millones de dólares en comercio con la Unión Europea. ¡Nos ponen grandes aranceles (y barreras)!» fueron los mensajes de Trump que corrieron como la pólvora en la nueva sede de la OTAN. Según los datos facilitados por la OTAN, mientras que EE.UU. invirtió el pasado año 618.000 millones de dólares en sus presupuestos de defensa, los 27 países aliados restantes invirtieron 301.000 millones (falta Islandia que no tiene estructuras militares). Para apaciguar los ánimos y con el objetivo de que la Cumbre de Bruselas no reedite el fiasco y la división del último G-7, el secretario general de la OTAN, el noruego Jens Stoltenberg, anunció ayer en su rueda de prensa previa que los países europeos de la Alianza Atlántica y Canadá invertirán desde este momento y hasta 2024 unos 266.000 millones de dólares extra en sus presupuestos de defensa. Asimismo, Stoltenberg se mostró confiado en que la OTAN dé esa imagen de unidad necesaria para ser eficaz en la disuasión y que la cuestión de la guerra de aranceles entre EE.UU. con la UE y Canadá no empañe iniciativas que se adoptarán en el campo de la lucha contra el yihadismo, la estabilidad del Sur y Oriente Próximo, para disuadir a Rusia o en ciberdefensa. «Las diferencias existen, y no sólo en comercio también en cambio climático. Pero mientras existan, trataré de minimizarlas para que no tengan un impacto en la seguridad y defensa», reconoció el secretario general de la OTAN, organización que el próximo año cumplirá 70 años. En una de sus respuestas a la Prensa, Stoltenberg quiso agradecer al presidente Trump, «su liderazgo» para provocar que los países de la OTAN eleven sus presupuestos. «Invertir en defensa es una cuestión de credibilidad», subrayó Stoltenberg. Uno de los encuentros más esperados será entre Donald Trump y la canciller alemana, Angela Merkel, cuyo país se sitúa sólo en el 1,24% del PIB en inversión de defensa. «Alemania es la economía más fuerte de Europa, por ello debe invertir más», subrayó ayer la embajadora estadounidense en la OTAN, Kay Bailey Hutchison. Trump, que se reunirá con el presidente ruso, Vladimir Putin, el día 16 en Helsinki, ha llegado incluso a amenazar con retirar los 37.000 militares que EE.UU. despliega en suelo alemán. Está por ver si cumplirá en parte con su amenaza. Declaración conjunta Para tratar de aplacar las demandas de Trump, el secretario general de la OTAN firmó ayer una declaración conjunta con el presidente del Consejo Europeo, Donald Tusk, y el presidente de la Comisión Europea, Jean-Claude Juncker, por la cual se fortalece la cooperación UE-OTAN y se insta a los «Estados miembros de la UE a dar mayor prioridad a la seguridad y la defensa en lo debates sobre el próximo presupuesto de la UE a largo plazo». Sobre las nuevas iniciativas industriales en el ámbito de la UE como la Pesco (Cooperación Estructurada Permanente) y otras en la Alianza Atlántica se reafirma asimismo que deben ser inversiones para desarrollar nuevos sistemas de armas y capacidades militares «coherentes, complementarios e interoperables. Deben estar disponibles para ambas organizaciones, sujetas a las decisiones soberanas de los países que las poseen». «Los esfuerzos de la UE también fortalecerán a la OTAN y, por lo tanto, mejorarán nuestra seguridad común. Para los aliados de la OTAN, tales esfuerzos fomentan un reparto equitativo de la carga, los beneficios y las responsabilidades, de acuerdo con su compromiso asumido en el compromiso de inversión en defensa», reza el texto conjunto firmado por ambas organizaciones apenas veinticuatro horas antes de que Trump irrumpa en Bruselas.
          Trump’s NATO attacks raise questions about its future      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump’s repeated tongue lashings of NATO allies and his friendly overtures to Russian President Vladimir Putin are stirring questions at home and abroad about Trump’s commitment to an Atlantic alliance that has been a pillar of U.S. security policy for more than half a century.

Might a reordering, or even a reduction, of U.S. forces in Europe be in the cards? Clues may come when Trump gathers Wednesday with NATO leaders in Brussels. The official agenda includes a plan for increasing the number of land, air and sea forces capable of reacting quickly in a European crisis, but overshadowing it are tensions generated by Trump’s view that the Europeans are slackers leaning unfairly on the U.S. military.

At the risk of deepening the rift with traditional allies, Trump will then hold a summit in Finland with Putin. On his departure from Washington on Tuesday, the president remarked that he “can’t say right now” if Putin is a friend or foe, but he predicted that his first summit with the Russian leader “may be the easiest” of all his meetings in Europe.

Such comments have stirred unease not just in Europe, but in Washington. A bipartisan resolution, set to be endorsed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Tuesday, pointedly voices support for NATO as strategically important for the collective security of the trans-Atlantic region.

“Although the Atlantic alliance has weathered many crises over its lifetime, I now am concerned that the alliance will not survive Donald Trump,” said Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall, who served as senior director for European affairs on the National Security Council during President Barack Obama’s first term.

“Because he isn’t arguing with allies about policy. He’s questioning the fundamental value of NATO to the United States. This antagonistic approach is generating an unprecedented debate in Europe and in Canada about whether the United States should be treated as friend or foe,” she said.

The demise of the Soviet Union in 1991 prompted a partial drawdown of U.S. forces from Europe, but every administration since then has concluded that keeping a U.S. military presence there was important for wider U.S. security, political and economic interests, and as a sign of solidarity with Europe. NATO has been a key part of the long U.S. military involvement in Afghanistan, for example, and it is expected to agree this week to take a bigger training role in Iraq.

Trump, who has also questioned the U.S. military presence in Asia, is challenging those assumptions. That has been most plain in his antagonistic approach to Germany, the main host of U.S. forces in Europe. He has criticized the Germans for not spending enough on their own defense and has castigated the country for what he calls an overly liberal immigration policy. He also has placed Germany at the center of his complaints about a U.S.-European trade imbalance.

Derek Chollet, executive vice president of the German Marshall Fund of the United States, a think tank, says there is a clear connection between Trump’s criticism of German defense spending and reports that the Pentagon has undertaken a review of the cost of keeping troops in Europe.

“You cannot read this any other way” than looking at whether a U.S. troop reduction “is a feasible option for punishing them for their apparent lack of will,” said Chollet, who was the Pentagon’s assistant secretary for international security affairs during Obama’s second term.

He questions whether Trump fully understands the global significance of the U.S. military presence in Germany, including its hosting of the headquarters of U.S. Africa Command, which leads U.S. counterterrorism efforts in North Africa. Stuttgart also is headquarters for U.S. European Command. Among many other facilities, Germany hosts a U.S. military hospital at Landstuhl, the largest American hospital outside the United States.

In addition, NATO has proposed creating a new command in Germany to improve the way the alliance would move troops and equipment in a military crisis. Kay Bailey Hutchison, the U.S. ambassador to NATO, told reporters this plan will be approved at the Brussels summit.

Notwithstanding Trump’s grumbles about America shouldering the defense burden of Europe, his administration plans to boost spending to support it.

In the aftermath of Russia’s annexation of the Crimea region of Ukraine in 2014 and its subsequent military incursion into eastern Ukraine, the Pentagon ramped up joint exercises in eastern and central Europe and spent billions on what it calls the European Deterrence Initiative aimed at Russia. After spending $3.4 billion on that initiative last year, the Trump administration has proposed boosting it to $6.5 billion in the 2019 budget year.

Trump’s Pentagon chief Jim Mattis is a former NATO commander and a leading advocate for sustaining the alliance, although he also has been pressuring allies to spend more on defense. Some of Mattis’ predecessors were even stronger in their criticisms. Robert Gates, for example, said in Brussels in 2011 that European penny-pinching and distaste for front-line combat in Afghanistan was putting the future of the alliance at risk. Gates said NATO faced a “dim if not dismal” future, not least because of what he called a diminishing patience in Congress for spending on Europe’s defense.

Trump, however, has taken this a step further by asserting that the Europeans are freeloaders taking advantage of American generosity.

In a new assessment of the NATO spending and burden-sharing issues, the Center for Strategic and International Studies called Trump’s language “uniquely divisive” and said NATO members’ contributions should be measured by more than simple budget numbers. The think tank was referring to the pledge at NATO’s 2014 summit meeting that members would “aim to move toward” spending at least 2 percent of gross domestic product on defense by 2024. By its count, only four of NATO’s 29 member countries met the 2 percent goal in 2017. They were the U.S., Greece, Britain and Estonia.

The report said a wider range of metrics should be used to measure an ally’s contributions to collective defense. It cited as an example Denmark, which has not met the 2 percent goal in recent years but has made important contributions in other ways, including with troop deployments to Afghanistan and by sacrificing significant trade with Russia by complying with sanctions.


          Translate all and study v1.0.4      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Wi-Fi Master is a free and useful analyzer tool .Translate all and study is a powerful and simple translation tool . Quick Translation Dictionary with pronunciation, detailed definition, instant translation ,multi-language translation and many other functions.Welcome to download!

DETAIL TRANSLATION:
☆ Translate with no cost, available for free.
☆ Voice translation with high precision
☆ Copy words ,phases or sentences, you could get the result easily.
☆ With floating window, you could translate in any app without limit.You could activate it in notification bar.
☆ Translate words and phrases with high precision.
☆ Translate with detail meaning of English words ! You could use it as a dictionary. Definitions are based on English Wiktionary.
☆ Save most frequent words in Favorites,create your own phrase book.
☆ Support a variety of national language translation

NEW STUDY FUNCTION:
☆You could study other language in free time in a simple way. After choosing your language,you could start the study .(Only support English Study for now)

MORE FEATURES:
☆ Easy to use.
☆ Introduction beautiful design.
☆ Take up small cell phone space.
☆ View your translation history at any time.
☆ Share your translations with other apps
This is a perfect translation app, use it, you will love it!

Currently supported languages: Afrikaans, Arabic,Bulgarian,Bosnian(Latin), Catalan, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Corsican,Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hmong Daw, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kiswahili, Klingon, Klingon(plqaD), Korean,Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian,Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Queretaro Otomi,Romanian, Russian, Serbian(Cyrillic), Serbian(Latin), Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Welsh, Yiddish.Translate all and studyhttps://lh3.googleusercontent.com/u05WD693qv7KvfhAEqf0JWwbR0NYkX2ztD24jZFUeLf1DfeEMGLGNER1Wp2M7Af7mlM=w200https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/tJXpRzN-YqprkReU56nL4VMQcWYvj61-ktoPaRf7RHJPi02skiplQLxNUb4D_A91x6AU=w700https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=art.keplers.translate.leoBestGo.IncBestGo Inc.ToolsTools1.0.4July 10, 20184.0 and up5.4 M3.6Rated for 3+50,000 - 100,000No recent changes139731214535DOWNLOAD APK
           Inexpensive houses could be 3D-printed from peat       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

The University of Tartu's Prof. Toomas Tenno, with test pieces of the material#source%3Dgooglier%2Ecom#https%3A%2F%2Fgooglier%2Ecom%2Fpage%2F%2F10000

Some of the earliest houses in Northern Europe were made out of slabs of peat, as it was a cheap and abundant building material. Now, Estonian scientists are revisiting the idea of peat houses, only this time they're looking at 3D-printing the things.

.. Continue Reading Inexpensive houses could be 3D-printed from peat

Category: 3D Printing

Tags: Related Articles:
          A9781TALLb      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

preacher43 posted a photo:

A9781TALLb

The Conservatoire building whose original name was The Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre. The cultural center of Estonia music and theatre. It is on Toompea Hill in the upper old city of Tallinn. I like the way the breeze unfurled the Estonian flag in such a beautiful way.


          Provincial NDP push to ban Russian vodka empowers rightists in eastern Europe      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Yves Engler
Image: Flickr/alexxx-malev

In response to Ukrainian Canadian Congress campaigning, two NDP MLAs recently convinced the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission to withdraw a brand of Russian vodka from its stores. Alberta MLAs Deron Bilous and Jessica Littlewood argued that a hammer and sickle logo on a bottle of vodka was "offensive."

 Articulating a growing rightist effort to equate communism with Nazism in eastern Europe, Ukrainian Canadian Congress Alberta chapter president, Olesia Luciw-Andryjowycz, told the Edmonton Journal that the hammer and sickle was akin to "having a swastika on a bottle of cognac."

This is not the first attempt by provincial NDP members to ban Russian vodka. In response to the 2014 upheaval in Ukraine, a minister in the NDP government in Manitoba discussed a provincial ban on Russian vodka. At the same time, NDP MPP Cheri DiNovo tabled a motion in the Ontario legislature calling on government-run liquor stores to suspend sales of Russian Standard vodka.

In 2014 the right-wing nationalist Euro-Maidan movement ousted Viktor Yanukovych who was oscillating between the European Union and Russia. The U.S.-backed coup divided Ukraine politically, geographically and linguistically (Russian is the mother tongue of 30 per cent of Ukrainians).

After Yanukovych's ouster Russia reinforced its military presence -- or "seized" -- the southern area of Crimea and then organized a referendum on secession. Home to Moscow's major Baltic naval base, Crimea had long been part of Russia and the bulk of the population preferred Moscow's rule to the post-coup right-wing nationalist government in Kiev.

The federal NDP echoed the U.S. and Harper government's position on Ukraine. The day after Yanukovych fled, former NDP MP Olivia Chow told a Euro-Maidan Canada rally in Toronto, "we must be vigilant, we must ensure our government, our Canadian government, continues to keep an eye on the Ukraine to make sure that the Russians do not interfere."

Eighteen months after the coup, the Canadian Press reported that opposition protesters were camped in the Canadian embassy for a week during the February 2014 rebellion against Yanukovych. "Canada's embassy in Kyiv was used as a haven for several days by anti-government protesters during the uprising that toppled the regime of former president Viktor Yanukovych," the story noted.

Ottawa played a similar role during the "Orange Revolution" a decade earlier. In a story headlined "Agent Orange: Our secret role in Ukraine," Globe and Mail reporter Mark MacKinnon detailed how Canada funded a leading civil society opposition group, promised Ukraine's lead electoral commissioner Canadian citizenship if he did "the right thing" and paid for 500 Canadians of Ukrainian descent to observe the 2004-05 elections.

[Canadian ambassador to the Ukraine, Andrew Robinson] began to organize secret monthly meetings of western ambassadors, presiding over what he called 'donor coordination' sessions among 20 countries interested in seeing Mr. [presidential candidate Viktor] Yushchenko succeed. Eventually, he acted as the group's spokesman and became a prominent critic of the Kuchma government's heavy-handed media control. Canada also invested in a controversial exit poll, carried out on election day by Ukraine's Razumkov Centre and other groups that contradicted the official results showing Mr. Yanukovych [winning].

Indifferent to Canada's interference in Ukrainian affairs, during the 2015 federal election leaders debate Thomas Mulcair said, "with regard to Ukraine, yes, Putin is a danger. We stand firmly with Ukraine against the aggression by Russia." The NDP leader also reiterated the party's call for harsher measures against Russian officials, naming two businessmen whom he said should be added to Canada's list of Russians targeted for sanctions.

In March 2014 NDP foreign critic Paul Dewar released a statement calling for "travel bans against certain Russian officials and suspending trade with Russia's military sector." Five months later the NDP put out a press release under the headline "Conservatives shield Russian business elite from sanctions: Toothless sanctions are out of step with Canada's closest allies." In 2017, NDP foreign critic Hélène Laverdière described a bill modelled after the U.S. Magnitsky Act -- that would further strain relations between Ottawa and Moscow by sanctioning Russian officials -- an "important step to support the Global Magnitsky movement."

In summer 2016 NDP defence critic Randall Garrison expressed support for Canada leading a NATO battle group to Latvia as part of a ratcheting up of tensions with Russia. Four hundred and fifty Canadian troops are currently leading a 1,000-strong NATO force in Latvia while the U.S., Britain and Germany head missions in Poland, Lithuania and Estonia. As vice-chair of Parliament's Standing Committee on National Defence, Garrison endorsed a December report titled "Canada's support to Ukraine in crisis and armed conflict." It denounced Russia's "war of aggression against Ukraine" and lauded Canada's "support of Ukraine in its fight against Russia."

Deploying Canadian troops to the Russian border and Alberta MLAs pushing to ban Russian vodka both empower rightists in eastern Europe. They are part of a troubling game of brinksmanship with Russia.

Is this really in Canada's interest?

Image: Flickr/alexxx-malev

Like this article? Please chip in to keep stories like these coming.


          ‘They Will Die in Tallinn’: Estonia Girds for War With Russia - Politico      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
@AmyResnick, @prchovanec
          Trump's attacks on NATO raise questions about its future      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump’s repeated tongue lashings of NATO allies and his friendly overtures to Russian President Vladimir Putin are stirring questions at home and abroad about Trump’s commitment to an Atlantic alliance that has been a pillar of U.S. security policy for more than half a century.

Might a reordering, or even a reduction, of U.S. forces in Europe be in the cards? Clues may come when Trump gathers Wednesday with NATO leaders in Brussels. The official agenda includes a plan for increasing the number of land, air and sea forces capable of reacting quickly in a European crisis, but overshadowing it are tensions generated by Trump’s view that the Europeans are slackers leaning unfairly on the U.S. military.

At the risk of deepening the rift with traditional allies, Trump will then hold a summit in Finland with Putin. On his departure from Washington on Tuesday, the president remarked that he “can’t say right now” if Putin is a friend or foe, but he predicted that his first summit with the Russian leader “may be the easiest” of all his meetings in Europe.

Such comments have stirred unease not just in Europe, but in Washington. A bipartisan resolution, set to be endorsed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Tuesday, pointedly voices support for NATO as strategically important for the collective security of the trans-Atlantic region.

“Although the Atlantic alliance has weathered many crises over its lifetime, I now am concerned that the alliance will not survive Donald Trump,” said Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall, who served as senior director for European affairs on the National Security Council during President Barack Obama’s first term.

“Because he isn’t arguing with allies about policy. He’s questioning the fundamental value of NATO to the United States. This antagonistic approach is generating an unprecedented debate in Europe and in Canada about whether the United States should be treated as friend or foe,” she said.

The demise of the Soviet Union in 1991 prompted a partial drawdown of U.S. forces from Europe, but every administration since then has concluded that keeping a U.S. military presence there was important for wider U.S. security, political and economic interests, and as a sign of solidarity with Europe. NATO has been a key part of the long U.S. military involvement in Afghanistan, for example, and it is expected to agree this week to take a bigger training role in Iraq.

Trump, who has also questioned the U.S. military presence in Asia, is challenging those assumptions. That has been most plain in his antagonistic approach to Germany, the main host of U.S. forces in Europe. He has criticized the Germans for not spending enough on their own defense and has castigated the country for what he calls an overly liberal immigration policy. He also has placed Germany at the center of his complaints about a U.S.-European trade imbalance.

Derek Chollet, executive vice president of the German Marshall Fund of the United States, a think tank, says there is a clear connection between Trump’s criticism of German defense spending and reports that the Pentagon has undertaken a review of the cost of keeping troops in Europe.

“You cannot read this any other way” than looking at whether a U.S. troop reduction “is a feasible option for punishing them for their apparent lack of will,” said Chollet, who was the Pentagon’s assistant secretary for international security affairs during Obama’s second term.

He questions whether Trump fully understands the global significance of the U.S. military presence in Germany, including its hosting of the headquarters of U.S. Africa Command, which leads U.S. counterterrorism efforts in North Africa. Stuttgart also is headquarters for U.S. European Command. Among many other facilities, Germany hosts a U.S. military hospital at Landstuhl, the largest American hospital outside the United States.

In addition, NATO has proposed creating a new command in Germany to improve the way the alliance would move troops and equipment in a military crisis. Kay Bailey Hutchison, the U.S. ambassador to NATO, told reporters this plan will be approved at the Brussels summit.

Notwithstanding Trump’s grumbles about America shouldering the defense burden of Europe, his administration plans to boost spending to support it.

In the aftermath of Russia’s annexation of the Crimea region of Ukraine in 2014 and its subsequent military incursion into eastern Ukraine, the Pentagon ramped up joint exercises in eastern and central Europe and spent billions on what it calls the European Deterrence Initiative aimed at Russia. After spending $3.4 billion on that initiative last year, the Trump administration has proposed boosting it to $6.5 billion in the 2019 budget year.

Trump’s Pentagon chief Jim Mattis is a former NATO commander and a leading advocate for sustaining the alliance, although he also has been pressuring allies to spend more on defense. Some of Mattis’ predecessors were even stronger in their criticisms. Robert Gates, for example, said in Brussels in 2011 that European penny-pinching and distaste for front-line combat in Afghanistan was putting the future of the alliance at risk. Gates said NATO faced a “dim if not dismal” future, not least because of what he called a diminishing patience in Congress for spending on Europe’s defense.

Trump, however, has taken this a step further by asserting that the Europeans are freeloaders taking advantage of American generosity.

In a new assessment of the NATO spending and burden-sharing issues, the Center for Strategic and International Studies called Trump’s language “uniquely divisive” and said NATO members’ contributions should be measured by more than simple budget numbers. The think tank was referring to the pledge at NATO’s 2014 summit meeting that members would “aim to move toward” spending at least 2 percent of gross domestic product on defense by 2024. By its count, only four of NATO’s 29 member countries met the 2 percent goal in 2017. They were the U.S., Greece, Britain and Estonia.

The report said a wider range of metrics should be used to measure an ally’s contributions to collective defense. It cited as an example Denmark, which has not met the 2 percent goal in recent years but has made important contributions in other ways, including with troop deployments to Afghanistan and by sacrificing significant trade with Russia by complying with sanctions.


          Senate Democrats Come Out Swinging in Long-Shot Fight to Block Kavanaugh - New York Times      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

New York Times

Senate Democrats Come Out Swinging in Long-Shot Fight to Block Kavanaugh
New York Times
Chuck Schumer, the top Democrat in the Senate, in front of the Supreme Court on Tuesday. He said Democrats would use confirmation hearings to drill down on Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh's views on executive power.CreditErin Schaff for The New York Times.
'All a little misdirection': Inside Trump's sometimes wavering decision on KavanaughWashington Post
'They Will Die in Tallinn': Estonia Girds for War With RussiaPolitico
Dems grasp for way to stop pickThe Hill
CNN -USA TODAY -Wall Street Journal -Los Angeles Times
all 4,511 news articles »

          Wydatki na sprzęt dla polskiej armii wyraźnie zmalały. Co na to NATO?      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
W 2018 roku co najmniej 2 proc. PKB na obronność przeznaczą USA, Wielka Brytania, Grecja, Estonia i Łotwa; kolejne trzy państwa: Polska, Litwa i Rumunia będą tuż pod tym progiem - wskazują opublikowane właśnie szacunki NATO.
           Estonian house prices rise faster than in EU on average - The Baltic Times      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
TALLINN – House prices, as measured by the House Price Index, rose by 6.6 percent in Estonia in the first quarter of 2018 compared with th......
           President hands credentials to 7 Estonian ambassadors - The Baltic Times      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
TALLINN - Estonian President Kersti Kaljulaid in Kadriorg on Tuesday handed credentials to seven ambassadors who are to start heading Eston......
          Senate Democrats Come Out Swinging in Long-Shot Fight to Block Kavanaugh - New York Times      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

New York Times

Senate Democrats Come Out Swinging in Long-Shot Fight to Block Kavanaugh
New York Times
Chuck Schumer, the top Democrat in the Senate, in front of the Supreme Court on Tuesday. He said Democrats would use confirmation hearings to drill down on Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh's views on executive power.CreditErin Schaff for The New York Times.
'All a little misdirection': Inside Trump's sometimes wavering decision on KavanaughWashington Post
'They Will Die in Tallinn': Estonia Girds for War With RussiaPolitico
Dems grasp for way to stop pickThe Hill
CNN -HuffPost -Wall Street Journal -Los Angeles Times
all 4,445 news articles »

          La cumbre de la OTAN, una cita clave que depende del temperamento de Trump      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
El presidente de EEUU, Donald Trump, en una imagen de archivo.

Si has abierto esta noticia, es que el tema te interesa. Al menos algo. Si no es así, si la has abierto por casualidad, antes de dejar de leerla porque crees que una cumbre de la OTAN no da para mucho, que es una pereza y que no es más que palabrería, te instamos a que mires detenidamente este gif:

Sí, estás viendo bien. Es el presidente de EEUU, Donald Trump, empujando al primer ministro de Montenegro, Dusko Markovic, para situarse en la primera fila de un encuentro de líderes de la OTAN en mayo del año pasado. Y no, no es un montaje: sucedió de verdad. Más allá de lo, llamémosle, gracioso, de semejante momento, dice mucho del tipo de política que impone el presidente de EEUU: impulsiva y basada en su archiconocido lema de "América Primero".

Así que la gran duda que se plantea ante la cumbre de la OTAN que comienza este miércoles es evidente... ¿Entrará Trump empujando otra vez?

De momento lo que ha hecho es tirar de algo más romántico: las cartas. Mediante este canal ha ido recordando a los distintos líderes de los países aliados que quiere dinero, mucho más dinero en defensa. Así, ha vuelto a hacer hincapié en que se acabó esa etapa en la que Estados Unidos asumía la mayor parte de los gastos de defensa internacionales. En España, el nuevo presidente del Gobierno, Pedro Sánchez, también ha recibido una misiva de parte del líder estadounidense en la que le recuerda que su predecesor, Mariano Rajoy, se comprometió a pagar más.

Esta demanda económica no es lo único que temen de Trump los socios de la OTAN. El presidente de EEUU, que llega a la cumbre en medio de una guerra comercial, también viene de abandonar a principios del mes de junio la cumbre del G-7 en Canadá, vetando las conclusiones pactadas por los líderes de las principales potencias democráticas del mundo. Es más, llega a esta cita después de haber insultando públicamente al primer ministro canadiense, Justin Trudeau, a quien ha llamado "deshonesto y débil".

Días más tarde de semejante espectáculo, se ponía una medalla tras estrechar la mano del líder norcoreano Kim Jong-Un. Ahora todos temen que pase algo parecido: que desprecie su cita con la OTAN en Bruselas, para después sacar pecho al verse con el presidente ruso, Vladimir Putin, enemigo declarado de la Alianza, en Helsinki el 16 de julio.

Juntos, pero no revueltos

A Trump, como a Putin, la OTAN no le gusta. Conscientes de ello, el objetivo de los miembros de la organización transatlántica, nacida hace casi 70 años para contrarrestar la influencia de la URSS, es defender su unidad. El presidente no parece dispuesto a ello y, aunque mantiene un tira y afloja con la Alianza, en la cabeza de todos los líderes aún resuenan aquellas declaraciones en las que el presidente de EEUU sentenció que estaba "obsoleta". Por aquel entonces Trump estaba en plena campaña presidencial y llegó a amenazar con retirar la protección de las tropas de su país si los aliados no invertían más en defensa. Con Trump ya de presidente el tono de sus amenazas se redujo, si bien es cierto que en la cumbre del año pasado evitó comprometerse con la cláusula de defensa mutua sobre la que se funda la OTAN.

Voy a decirle a la OTAN: tenéis que empezar a pagar vuestras facturas

Los últimos días ha vuelto al juego que le gusta, el de ir de líder duro: "Voy a decirle a la OTAN: tenéis que empezar a pagar vuestras facturas. Los europeos nos matan en el comercio, nos matan con otras cosas y encima nos matan con la OTAN", ha sentenciado.

Esa misma idea es la que plasmó en las cartas enviadas a los líderes de la Alianza y, en su canal favorito, Twitter, se ha despachado bien a gusto: "EEUU asume el 90% de la factura de la OTAN, pese a que los europeos son los que más se benefician de este paraguas de protección. EEUU gasta mucho más en la OTAN que cualquier otro país. Eso no es justo ni es aceptable". Es el mismo mensaje que, el pasado abril, transmitió en Bruselas de forma igualmente contundente el actual secretario de Estado norteamericano, Mike Pompeo, en su primera visita a la Alianza.

Los miembros de la OTAN se comprometieron en la Cumbre de Cardiff de 2014 a destinar al menos el 2% de su PIB a defensa de cara a 2024, un objetivo que según fuentes diplomáticas citadas por la Agencia Efe sólo conseguirán 15, en el caso de que cumplan con los planes nacionales que presentaron. Sin embargo, las mismas fuentes han recordado que este compromiso no es vinculante, sino que se trata de unas directrices políticas.

La Administración Trump no comparte esta interpretación, de ahí que se espere que este miércoles el presidente llegue a la cumbre exigiendo a sus colegas el cumplimiento sin matices de este objetivo. El presidente norteamericano juega con la baza de que el gasto militar de EEUU representa más de dos tercios del total de la OTAN -por eso dice que no puede ser la "hucha del mundo"-. Y ya hay precedentes del daño que puede hacer a una institución la retirada de fondos de EEUU. Si no, que le pregunten a la Agencia de Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados Palestinos (Unrwa).

(Puedes seguir leyendo tras la foto...).

Mike Pompeo, secretario de Estado de EEUU, y el secretario general de la OTAN, Jens Stoltenberg, el pasado abril en su primer encuentro.

No todo es el dinero

Los socios de la Alianza, por regla general, no están muy dispuestos a elevar el presupuesto como les pide el jefe del ejército más poderoso del planeta. No estamos en un periodo de vacas gordas para nadie, invertir en Defensa sigue siendo impopular en muchas sociedades occidentales y, además, no quieren que nadie les dicte el camino, cuando la OTAN puede mejorar con otras aportaciones que no son necesariamente económicas.

El objetivo de los críticos con la ampliación del presupuesto es tratar de convencer a los estadounidenses justo de eso, de que hay que tener en cuenta, billetes aparte, las implicaciones de cada país, su disponibilidad de capacidades militares -despliegue, bases, personal y medios- y la voluntad de utilizarlas en favor de la paz y seguridad internacionales, en las misiones en el extranjero.

En 2017, sólo cuatro de los 29 miembros llegaban a esa cifra mágica del 2% del PIB, aunque en este 2018 se cree que podrían ser ya el doble las potencias las que alcancen el compromiso: EEUU, Reino Unido, Polonia, Rumanía, Grecia, Estonia, Letonia y Lituania. Y no es que a esos países les salga el dinero por las orejas, es que son aliados estrechos de Washington y siempre van a bailar a su son (léase los británicos) o son estados que forzosamente tienen que estar blindados ante lo que hagan sus vecinos más peligrosos, Rusia y Turquía en este caso.

Por el momento, titanes de la defensa europea como Alemania y Francia se han comprometido a llegar, respectivamente, al 1,5% en 2024 y al 2%, pero en 2025. Nada más.

(Puedes seguir leyendo tras el vídeo...).

¿Y España, cómo lo ve?

España está con los que ni por asomo llegarán al 2% ni tienen intención de dar más, y menos con el cambio de inquilino en La Moncloa. Este año, nuestro país es el segundo país de la OTAN con un menor gasto militar, con un 0,93 % de su PIB. La cifra es similar a la de Bélgica y solo la de Luxemburgo es inferior, según las previsiones de inversión en Defensa que ha publicado este martes la Alianza. No obstante el informe, este informe sostiene que nuestro país ha aumentado de un año para otro su gasto militar, ya que en 2017 se llegó al 0,90 %.

La anterior ministra de Defensa, la popular María Dolores de Cospedal, se comprometió por carta a elevar al 1,53 % el gasto español en Defensa para 2024, el año de referencia que pide EEUU, lo que supondría otros18.500 millones de euros. Sin embargo, esa promesa no se encuentra en ninguna ley ni decreto vinculante, no está en la estrategia de seguridad nacional, y por tanto los socialistas ahora en el poder no la toman como necesariamente vinculante.

El pasado 3 de julio, ante el secretario general de la OTAN, Jens Stoltenberg, se visita en Madrid, el presidente Sánchez ya evitó comprometerse con lo que pide Trump. El comunicado remitido por el Gobierno tras la entrevista destaca que España ha desplegado 1.161 efectivos en misiones de la OTAN, 616 con la ONU y 757 con la Unión Europea y que, además, forma parte de la coalición contra el Estado Islámico (EI), en la que 581 españoles colaboran en la formación del ejército iraquí.

De hecho, fuentes gubernamentales citadas por Europa Press han subrayado que la Alianza concede mucha importancia a esta misión de entrenamiento, así como al despliegue de misiles Patriot en la frontera con Turquía. Eso es lo que tratarán de vender tanto Sánchez como su nueva titular de Defensa, Margarita Robles, en la cumbre de Bruselas.

(Puedes seguir leyendo tras la foto...).

Pedro Sanchez y Jens Stoltenberg, reunidos el 3 de julio en La Moncloa.

Las consecuencias

"Si Estados Unidos hace de esto un casus belli, pueden pasar muchas cosas", advierte a la agencia AFP una fuente diplomática de un país de la OTAN, para quien lo que diga Trump "será decisivo para el futuro de la Alianza". Los posibles anuncios del inquilino de la Casa Blanca, que preocupan a los aliados, pasan desde una eventual retirada de sus tropas de los países que no cumplen con el objetivo -como Alemania, donde tiene desplegados a cerca de 35.000 soldados-, o su negativa a realizar maniobras militares con esos países, según esta fuente.

Por otro lado, para Tomas Valasek, director del centro de reflexión Carnegie Europe, en el pasado, ya existieron "desacuerdos", como durante la guerra de Irak, "pero nunca hubo ninguna sugerencia en el aire de que Estados Unidos diera la espalda a los aliados europeos". Esto socavaría uno de los principios de la Alianza, consagrado en el Artículo 5 del Tratado de Washington de 1949: la defensa colectiva entre aliados. En casi siete décadas de historia, Washington sólo la activó tras los atentados del 11 de septiembre de 2001.

Y de fondo, una cuestión clave: la actitud de Trump podría ensombrecer las decisiones que deben adoptar los líderes, como la creación de dos nuevos centros de mando en la localidad alemana de Ulm y la estadounidense de Norfolk, la reforma integral de la estructura de mando y control de la Alianza para "adaptarla a los desafíos del siglo XXI", las amenazas híbridas, la ciberseguridad, las noticias falsas o la lucha contra el terrorismo, en cooperación con países esenciales como Jordania y Túnez.

Los 29 líderes deben respaldar además su plan "30-30-30-30", en virtud del cual para 2020 la OTAN debe poder desplegar en 30 días, 30 batallones, 30 escuadrones aéreos y 30 buques de guerra en apoyo a sus fuerzas de respuesta rápida.

Estas decisiones se enmarcan en el plan de la Alianza para reforzarse ante una vecina Rusia más amenazante, desde que en marzo de 2014 anexionara la península ucraniana de Crimea. El presidente ucraniano, Petro Poroshenko, se reunirá el jueves con los líderes de la OTAN.

Consciente de lo que está en juego, el presidente del Consejo Europeo, Donald Tusk, ha instado este martes al presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump a "apreciar" a sus aliados, porque "al fin y al cabo no tiene tantos". "Su país no tendrá un mejor aliado que la Unión Europea", le ha dicho vía Twitter, además de recordarle que ésta gasta "más que Rusia" en Defensa. "Querida América, aprecia a tus aliados, al fin y al cabo no tienes tantos".

Y mientras Putin espera su cita con Trump... disfrutando, seguro, de las divisiones que nacen entre estos históricos aliados; al fin y al cabo él se nutre de las divisiones entre Estados Unidos y Europa y dentro de Europa, como defiende Thomas Carothers, vicepresidente del think tank Carnegie.


          Comentário sobre Estônia – O País Digital por Celia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Como mantenho e faço reinvestimento dentro da própria empresa se não posso abrir conta em um banco estoniano online? Não entendi esse ponto. Não entendi como se manejam os pagamentos recebidos
          Rinascita o inizio della fine: a Bruxelles e a Helsinki Trump deciderà il futuro della Nato      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
U.S.  President Donald Trump speaks during his meeting with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at the White House in Washington. U.S., May 17, 2018. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque

Più sancire un "nuovo inizio", può scandire l'"inizio della fine". La fine dell'Alleanza atlantica. Sancita nei fatti, anche se non formalizzata. Fatti che potrebbero dipanarsi in due tempi e in due capitali diverse del Vecchio continente: prima a Bruxelles, successivamente ad Helsinki. In ambedue i momenti, uno dei protagonisti assoluti sarà Donald Trump. Nel vertice Nato, che si apre domani nella capitale belga, e nell'attesissimo faccia a faccia, lunedì prossimo in Finlandia, tra The Donald e il suo omologo russo. Vladimir Putin. La vigilia del summit bruxellese è segnata da una crescente tensione tra il presidente Usa e i non amati alleati europei. Trump chiederà ai partner di portare la spesa militare interna al 2% del Pil prima del 2024, ovvero la scadenza promessa dai membri della Nato nel 2014.

Secondo le ultime statistiche della Nato, la spesa militare dei Paesi membri europei e del Canada è aumentata in questi ultimi anni: dell'1,8% nel 2015, del 3,3% nel 2016, del 4,3% nel 2017. Ciò detto, l'organizzazione militare ha stabilito che ciascun paese membro dovrebbe spendere nel settore della difesa almeno il 2% del proprio prodotto interno lordo. L'Italia spende l'1,13% del Pil. Gli Stati Uniti oltre il 3,5%. Tre Paesi europei spendono meno dell'1,0%: la Spagna, il Belgio e il Lussemburgo. Gli europei spiegano a ragione che maggiore sicurezza si traduce anche in aiuti allo sviluppo, per esempio in Africa. Stati Uniti a parte, il traguardo del 2% - come ha ricordato recentemente il segretario generale dell'Alleanza Jens Stoltenberg - è stato finora tagliato solo da cinque Paesi (Grecia, Regno Unito, Estonia, Romania e Polonia) a cui si dovrebbero aggiungere quest'anno la Lituania e la Lettonia. L'Italia e altri 20 Paesi sono ancora lontani dall'obiettivo. Il premier italiano Giuseppe Conte, che ha in calendario una missione a Washington entro breve, ha però invitato a tenere in considerazione, nel conto della spesa, quanto – e non è poco – il nostro Paese investe nelle missioni all'estero. Quello delle spese militari, cavallo di battaglia di Trump fin dalla sua campagna elettorale, è senza dubbio il tema più scottante sul tavolo del summit chiamato anche a dare una nuova prospettiva al ruolo dell'Alleanza. Una riunione a cui i leader degli altri grandi Paesi arrivano avendo ancora in mente il voltafaccia improvviso del tycoon americano al G7 canadese. quindi prevedibile che ci sarà un'azione congiunta per cercare di evitare che a Bruxelles si ripeta una scena simile. Ma secondo le previsioni della vigilia, il risultato di questo sforzo, che sarà condotto in primo luogo dal presidente francese Emmanuel Macron e dalla cancelliera Angela Merkel, è tutt'altro che scontato.

"Gli Stati Uniti stanno spendendo molto più a favore della Nato di qualsiasi altro paese membro – ha scritto su Twitter lunedì Trump –. Non è giusto, non è accettabile. Anche se questi Paesi hanno aumentato i loro contributi, devono fare di più". Qualche giorno prima in una riunione politica aveva detto: "Lo dirò alla Nato: dovrete iniziare a pagare i conti. Gli Stati Uniti non si occuperanno di tutto, tanto più che ci stanno massacrando sul fronte commerciale". Twitter e lettere: ambedue "esplosivi". Le accuse di Trump, come riporta il New York Times, sono contenute in una serie di lettere inviate nel corso dell'ultimo mese ai leader di alcuni Paesi, tra cui Angela merkel. In quest'ultima missiva il presidente americano è stato severissimo con la Germania. L'ha accusata di "minare la sicurezza dell'alleanza atlantica" e di rappresentare un cattivo esempio, spingendo altri alleati a non rispettare i propri impegni per quel che riguarda le spese militari. "È sempre più difficile - scrive il tycoon alla cancelliera - giustificare agli americani il perché alcuni Paesi non condividono il peso della sicurezza nella Nato, mentre i soldati americani continuano a sacrificare le loro vite all'estero o a tornare a casa gravemente feriti". Nelle sue dichiarazioni, il presidente Usa ha lasciato anche intendere che al vertice di Bruxelles potrebbe annunciare una riduzione dell'impegno americano in Europa (attualmente gli Stati Uniti mantengono una forza permanente di 32 mila soldati in Germania. E infatti il suo segretario alla Difesa, James Mattis, nelle ultime settimane ha iniziato un duro lavoro sotterraneo per rassicurare i suoi omologhi. Questa mattina Nato e Unione Europea hanno firmato un nuovo accordo di collaborazione. E il presidente del Consiglio Ue Donald Tusk non ha perso occasione per avvertire Trump: "Gli Usa non hanno nessun miglior alleato dell'Ue e Trump che da un po' di tempo ormai critica la Ue quasi quotidianamente lo deve ricordare domani al vertice Nato ma soprattutto quando incontrerà il presidente russo Putin a Helsinki". Altri due temi che caratterizzeranno la due giorni bruxellese saranno, l'Iran e i rapporti con la Federazione Russa, con i componenti più russofobici dell'Alleanza, tra cui la Polonia e i Paesi Baltici, che premeranno per un maggiore presidio, sotto forma di investimenti in sicurezza, in funzione anti- russa. Sarà un passaggio chiave anche per l'Italia, con il governo gialloverde che dovrà "decidere da che parte stare": se da quella dei russi, in virtù della vicinanza più volte espressa dal vicepremier e ministro dell'Interno Matteo Salvini e confermata nel contratto di governo nel passaggio sulla cancellazione delle sanzioni comminate a Mosca dopo la crisi in Ucraina; o se confermare la "linea classica", vicina agli interessi statunitensi. Per Angela Merkel il summit della Nato dovrebbe focalizzarsi proprio sulla minaccia rappresentata dalla Russia "Le sfide per la Nato sono cambiate drasticamente negli ultimi anni", avverte la cancelliera tedesca in una dichiarazione video pubblicata sabato, sottolineando che dopo l'annessione della penisola di Crimea e le sue attività militari nell'Ucraina orientale, è importante "concentrarsi maggiormente sulla difesa dell'Alleanza." Il rischio è che Trump, dopo l'incontro con Putin, possa intraprendere azioni non coordinate con la Nato "Certo, vogliamo avere una relazione responsabile con la Russia", afferma Merkel nella dichiarazione, aggiungendo "questa è la ragione per cui continueremo ad avere colloqui nel Consiglio Nato-Russia". Se le questioni riguardanti il budget vedono per lo più contrapporsi i due blocchi Usa-Ue, sulle priorità strategiche ogni gruppo di paesi, all'interno della stessa Europa, tira acqua al proprio mulino. Gli Stati dell'Est Europa (Baltici e Polonia in particolare), allarmati sempre di più dal comportamento del vicino russo, vogliono mantenere alta l'attenzione su questo fianco. Questi vedono nel puntellamento del fianco sud, attraverso l'operazione Sea Guardian, una distrazione dal vero fronte potenzialmente caldo, quello orientale. Inoltre la creazione e lo sviluppo di una strategia autonoma di difesa europea, fortemente sostenuta da Parigi, si tradurrebbe nella fine della protezione americana, con grande preoccupazione delle cancellerie dell'Europa orientale. Questo lento processo di spostamento delle priorità militari segnala quindi l'inizio dell'abbandono delle logiche della Guerra fredda, quintessenza dell'organizzazione. Se da un lato i Baltici vengono in qualche modo tranquillizzati attraverso il rinforzamento dei quattro battaglioni di stanza nella regione, dall'altro Bruxelles punta più su un approccio prettamente diplomatico con il gigante russo, se non addirittura di dialogo, come cercato da sempre, per esempio, dai governi italiani. Con la speranza di Roma di riaprire perfino la scottante questione delle sanzioni. Ma a Bruxelles non si preannuncia "solo" un braccio di ferro Usa-Ue, ma anche uno geopolitico Est-Sud (Europa). L'Italia chiederà al vertice Nato di Bruxelles un "maggiore impegno verso il fianco sud" dell'Alleanza quindi verso il Mediterraneo, e si aspetta in tal senso un potenziamento dell'hub di Napoli. Ad annunciarlo, alla vigilia del summit, è il ministro degli Affari esteri e della cooperazione internazionale, Enzo Moavero Milanesi, in comunicazioni sulle linee programmatiche del suo dicastero alle commissioni congiunte Affari esteri ed emigrazione di Camera e Senato. "Chiederemo con forza al vertice della Nato un riequilibrio dell'impegno dell'Alleanza atlantica verso il fianco Sud della medesima: questo vuol dire Mediterraneo", rimarca il capo della diplomazia italiana. "Dobbiamo avere un eguale impegno dell'Alleanza atlantica verso Est e verso Sud", ha aggiunto il titolare della Farnesina, sottolineando come la Nato non sia estranea anche alla questione di flussi migratori. "Ci sono molti elementi che portano a ritenere che in questi battelli che portano migranti verso il nostro continente ci siano anche dei combattenti di ritorno e minacce terroristiche", annota Moavero Milanesi. "In questo quadro dovrebbe esser confermato il rafforzamento del cosiddetto hub Nato di Napoli per il comando del fianco Sud, con l'aggiunta di tutti i vari elementi legati al potenziamento della rete informativa e della valutazione delle minacce, anche con un impegno maggior di personale e di mezzi", ha aggiunto il capo della diplomazia italiana. Su questo fronte, confidano all'HuffPost fonti diplomatiche a Bruxelles, è in discussione un rafforzamento del partenariato Nato con Tunisia e Giordania e forse l'avvio di cooperazioni con la Libia, per consolidare le forze armate dei Paesi mediterranei in funzione di anti-terrorismo, controllo del territorio e dei confini.

Il forte contributo dell'Italia alle missioni internazionali consente di "bilanciare" il minor contributo finanziario alle spese militari dell'Alleanza, puntualizza ancora Moavero Milanesi. Il ministro ha aggiunto di aver chiesto a Jens Stoltenberg, segretario generale della Nato, di poter conteggiare nel 2 % del Pil chiesto dagli Stati Uniti come contributo degli alleati alla spesa per la Nato la quota nazionale che andrò al bilancio dell'Unione europea per gli stanziamenti della difesa. Sul fronte europeo Moavero ha spiegato di non riuscire a vedere alternative "rispetto a un'attiva partecipazione dell'Italia nel processo di integrazione europea. Vedo male l'isolazionismo e i tentativi di puro ostacolo". "Cerchiamo piuttosto di farci portatori di proposte, anche eterodosse", per migliorare il meccanismo europeo, ha aggiunto. Anche perché "si sa bene cosa si lascia, si sa meno bene cosa si trova e lo dimostra anche a quanto sta succedendo in Gran Bretagna". I sovranisti di casa nostra sono avvisati.


          205y auf AK nach TALLIN Estonia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

205y auf AK nach TALLIN Estonia kostenloser Versand !
CHF 28.00


          5 motivos para a Estônia ser um dos melhores países da atualidade      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Prepare o passaporte!

Se você está cansado de viver no Brasil e desgostoso dos rumos que nosso país está tomando, vá para Cuba a Estônia! O pequenino país, com área equivalente ao estado do Espírito Santo e 1,3 milhão de habitantes, prova que tamanho não é documento! Confira alguns motivos que transformam a Estônia em um país do futuro:

Se você sofre para aprender programação de computadores quando entra na faculdade de engenharia, que tal saber que essa é uma matéria escolar? A ideia começou a ser implementada em 2012, com alunos tendo aula de lógica, algoritmo e programação em Scratch.

Leia mais...


          Does Brett Kavanaugh think the president is immune from criminal charges? - Washington Post      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Washington Post

Does Brett Kavanaugh think the president is immune from criminal charges?
Washington Post
“Kavanaugh … says sitting POTUS can't be indicted” — Brian Fallon, executive director of Demand Justice and former press secretary to Hillary Clinton, on Twitter, July 9, 2018. “Kavanaugh, who could be presiding over a case should the Pres be ...
Senate Democrats Come Out Swinging in Long-Shot Fight to Block KavanaughNew York Times
'They Will Die in Tallinn': Estonia Girds for War With RussiaPolitico
Dems grasp for way to stop pickThe Hill
CNN -Los Angeles Times -Wall Street Journal -HuffPost
all 4,590 news articles »

          Reactie op TransferWise lanceert eerste ‘borderless’-rekening en betaalkaart voor iedereen door Lw van Loon      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Kan er ook NL gecommuniceerd worden met een klantenservice van deze bank? Als er problemen zijn moet en gaat alles in het Engels via een klantenbureau in Estonia. Erg onhandig!!!
          5 państw NATO przekroczy 2 proc. PKB wydatków na obronność. Polska "pod progiem"      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

W 2018 roku co najmniej 2 proc. PKB na obronność przeznaczą USA, Wielka Brytania, Grecja, Estonia i Łotwa; kolejne trzy państwa: Polska, Litwa i Rumunia będą tuż pod tym progiem - wynika z opublikowanych we wtorek szacunków dotyczących państw NATO. Co roku Sojusz Północnoatlantycki zbiera...
          Dokument NATO: Polska nie wyda 2 procent na obronność. Zrobi to pięć innych państw      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
W 2018 roku co najmniej 2 procent PKB na obronność przeznaczą USA, Wielka Brytania, Grecja, Estonia i Łotwa.
          Michael Galak The Legacy and Lessons of Barbarossa      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
https://quadrant.org.au/opinion/qed/2018/07/legacy-lessons-barbarossa/ The hallmark and genesis of the Great Patriotic War, as Russians call it, was the political incompetence of the Soviet leadership, their naiveté, paranoia and blind reliance on a Marxist interpretation of world events. Marx is no longer the Kremlin's sacred text, but all else has changed little if at all. June 22, 1941 – its the date which is engraved in memory of all who had a misfortune to be born in the USSR. This was the day Operation Barbarossa began, the Nazi attack on the Soviet Union. By today’s date, July 10, German forces were at Kiev’s doorstep and, behind the rapidly advancing front line, the Wehrmacht and SS were firmly in control. On this day Jews were being massacred in the Polish town of Jedwabne, as they would be in countless other locations. In retrospect, the clash between Hitler and Stalin was inevitable, two predators willing and ready to spill blood generously to achieve their delusional dreams of world dominance. Both required enemies to hate to consolidate their hold on their respective populations. The Nazis were focusing their need for hatred on the Jews. The Soviets were concentrating on the ‘evil’ of the international bourgeoisie. The Soviets adopted pseudo-scientific Marxist theories of class struggle as the basis for the extermination of millions of unwanted souls. The Nazis based their extermination programs on the equally pseudo-scientific theories of race and social Darwinism. Both regimes were quite successful in brainwashing their followers. Both were socialists with insignificant ideological variations. Even flags, songs and holidays were similar. The difference between the Nazis and the Soviets, described as the divide between the evil ‘Right’ and the noble ‘Left’, has always struck me as being contrived and nonsensical. The beginning of the direct war between the USSR and the Nazi Germany was characterized by the extraordinary series of events. The two countries were allies and, following the infamous Molotov-Ribbentrop treaty, which stunned the world at the time, were busily dividing Europe. Hitler was grabbing France, Netherlands, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Greece, Yugoslavia and the Western half of Poland. Stalin, not to be outdone, was getting Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, parts of Hungary, Romania and Eastern Poland. Stalin demanded an increase of his share of the European spoils during the Molotov’s visit to Berlin in 1940. Hitler refused and activated the contingency plan of attack on the Soviet Union ‘Barbarossa’ almost immediately after Molotov’s departure. Both countries were planning to attack each other sooner or later.
           A twenty-five year partnership in safeguarding Russian freight      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
TT Club and its partner in Russia, the CIS countries and Baltics, Panditrans celebrate both TT Club’s 50th anniversary and their twenty-five year partnership in providing a unique insurance and risk management service to the freight industry.  TT Club insureds, both within the territory and those trading with the region, have enjoyed tailored extensive cover and accurate trusted advice on the special characteristics of this particular transport environment.There has been a steady increase in importance of the container to Russian trade that began some twenty-five years ago and it was then, in 1993, that Panditrans became TT Club’s representative in Russia.  At this time the Club wanted to have experts on the ground in what was, and remains, a rapidly changing freight transport environment serving one of the largest potential consumer markets in the world.  Panditrans, with its offices in Moscow, Russia and Odessa, Ukraine, as well as contacts throughout the region, has been a perfect fit with TT Club, serving the mutual’s membership of shipping lines, port and terminal operators and freight forwarding and logistics companies.The fact is that Russia presents a number of particular challenges to freight traffic.  Customs clearance errors in documentation can result in the confiscation of cargo, while uninsured subcontractors, and even fake ones, remains an on-going problem.  It still can be quite difficult to find a subcontractor with appropriate liability insurance with the result that freight forwarders hire uninsured carriers without clearly understanding that there is little chance of holding it liable for any loss as it has very little capital and few assets.In addition, the sub-standard nature of the region’s road and rail infrastructure causes more incidents that damage cargo and transport asset than might be expected to occur in other parts of the world.“It is this type of circumstance that is very particular to the Russian transport environment,” comments TT Club’s Regional Director for EMEA, Kevin King.  “This makes it essential to have indigenous, extensive expertise at the disposal of the Members.  I’m very pleased to say that Panditrans has, by partnering with the Club for the past twenty-five years, provided that expertise. I hope that TT Club Members will benefit from our partner’s guidance in a challenging political, economic and legislative environment for a long time to come.”  During this quarter of a century TT Club and Panditrans together have become adept at advising Members of the potential pitfalls in transporting freight to, from and around Russia and therefore been able to assess risk comprehensively and advise on appropriate cover.  Throughout this period Panditrans has handled in excess of 20,000 claims, benefiting TT Club Members with its in-house surveying, legal and customs expertise, together with its knowledge of the market to allow the identification of the most appropriate option to investigate and defend a claim.  Furthermore, Panditrans’ extensive contacts with insurance and regulatory inspectorates, customs authorities and law enforcement bodies throughout the territory, are unique, enabling the complete legal and ethical position to be established.To mark TT Club’s 50th anniversary and the 25th anniversary of this successful partnership, TT Club and Panditrans held a celebratory dinner at the iconic Metropol Hotel in central Moscow in April. Over 150 guests attended and included some of the five hundred companies insured by TT Club in the region from Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and of course Russia.  An honoured guest was Vladimir Tian, the General Director of Sovtransavto, TT Club’s first and oldest Member that began its relationship with the Club in 1989.TT Club was founded in 1968 by some of the early adopters of the unitisation of cargo, the container. From its inception, the Club has had a philosophy of listening to its Members and sharing their experiences to make the industry safer and to minimise risk whilst lobbying for and embracing change when and where it’s required. The Club has marked its 50th anniversary by issuing a report entitled ‘Brave new world? – Container transport in 2043’. This is a wide-ranging, qualitative report, produced jointly with McKinsey & Company, summarising the thoughts and opinions of industry leaders on what the future holds for the container industry.Kirill Berezov, Managing Director of Panditrans commented, “We are proud of our long and successful history with TT Club.  Both the number and variety of our guests at the celebration is testimony to the standard of service Panditrans and TT Club together have provided to the market.  Senior figures from both global carriers and forwarders, as well as Russian transport companies, ports and rail and road operators have supported us.  Brokers also have shown their appreciation of our services for which we are grateful.”TT Club

Source: Transportweekly
          Providing work for over 55s could add £180 billion to UK's GDP      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Elderly people in the UK looking for work are likely to find it harder than those in Iceland, New Zealand, Israel or Estonia, according to a new report. Where the UK to better harness this labour, however, the long-term benefits could be in excess of £180 billion for the UK's GDP.
          #bulgaria - shenbins_official      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
#albania#algeria#argentina#armenia#aruba#australia#austria#azerbaijan#belgium#benin#bulgaria#burundi#canada##china#egypt#ecuador#estonia#fiji#france#gabon#georgia#germany#ghana#greece#india#iran#iraq#ireland#isrand#italy
          #bulgaria - shenbins_official      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
#albania#algeria#argentina#armenia#aruba#australia#austria#azerbaijan#belgium#benin#bulgaria#burundi#canada##china#egypt#ecuador#estonia#fiji#france#gabon#georgia#germany#ghana#greece#india#iran#iraq#ireland#isrand#italy
          Tổng thống Mỹ chỉ trích các nước NATO về đóng góp quốc phòng      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Tổng thống Mỹ Donald Trump ngày 11/7 cho rằng những nỗ lực của ông đã thúc đẩy các thành viên khác trong Tổ chức Hiệp ước Bắc Đại Tây Dương (NATO) đóng góp nhiều hơn cho liên minh phòng thủ phương Tây này, nhưng vẫn chưa đủ để bù đắp gánh nặng của những người nộp thuế ở Mỹ.

Phát biểu với báo giới trước thềm hội nghị thượng đỉnh NATO sắp diễn ra ở Brussels (Bỉ), Tổng thống Trump nhấn mạnh: "Trong năm qua, những nước khác đã đóng góp thêm khoảng 40 tỷ USD để hỗ trợ NATO, nhưng điều đó vẫn chưa đủ. Mỹ đang chi tiêu quá nhiều và các quốc gia khác đóng góp không đủ, đặc biệt là một số nước. Điều này đang diễn ra trong nhiều thập niên qua và đây là điều bất hợp lý và bất công đối với những người nộp thuế ở Mỹ, và chúng tôi sẽ biến khoản đóng góp này trở nên cân bằng."

Ông chủ Nhà Trắng cũng ca ngợi Tổng Thư ký NATO Jens Stoltenberg vì đã rất nỗ lực trong vấn đề này.

Đề cập tới các khoản đóng góp cho NATO, ông Trump công khai chỉ trích Đức vì đã không tăng chi tiêu quốc phòng. Nhà lãnh đạo Mỹ nêu rõ Đức là một nước giàu có, do đó Berlin có thể tăng chi tiêu quốc phòng ngay lập tức.

Dự kiến, Tổng thống Trump sẽ gặp Thủ tướng Đức Angela Merkel trong ngày 11/7 bên lề hội nghị.



Trước đó, ngày 10/7, viết trên mạng xã hội Twitter trên đường tới Brussels tham dự hội nghị thượng đỉnh NATO, Tổng thống Trump đã cáo buộc các đồng minh thuộc NATO không thực hiện những cam kết về chi tiêu quốc phòng, đồng thời ngụ ý các nước này cần "bồi hoàn" cho Mỹ.

Trong những tháng gần đây, Tổng thống Trump liên tiếp có những công kích gay gắt nhằm vào các đối tác của Mỹ trong NATO, cáo buộc những nước này "ăn bám" Mỹ trong lĩnh vực quốc phòng.

Ông Trump sẽ tham dự hội nghị thượng đỉnh NATO diễn ra trong hai ngày 11-12/7. Các nước thành viên NATO sẽ có dịp tổng kết mức độ ông Trump phàn nàn về chi phí của liên minh, cũng như than phiền về tính hiệu quả của tổ chức quân sự lớn nhất hành tinh này.

Theo một nguồn tin thân cận, Tổng thống Trump mới đây cho rằng rằng NATO “tệ không kém gì NAFTA,” một hiệp định thương mại Bắc Mỹ mà Trump coi là mối đe dọa an ninh của Mỹ.

Từ khi đắc cử đến nay, ông Trump luôn gay gắt chỉ trích các nước đồng minh NATO không công bằng khi dựa vào Mỹ để chi trả các hóa đơn về ngân sách quốc phòng của họ.

Chỉ 8 trong số 29 nước thành viên NATO hiện tại đáp ứng mục tiêu chi tương đương 2% Tổng sản phẩm quốc nội (GDP) cho hoạt động quốc phòng, bao gồm Mỹ, Anh, Hy Lạp, Ba Lan, Latvia, Estonia, Romania và Lítva.

Mục tiêu này đã được đề ra từ hội nghị thượng đỉnh NATO tại xứ Wales năm 2014, và các nước đồng minh đã nhất trí hoàn thành mục tiêu trước năm 2024./.

          odoo11-addons-oca-l10n-estonia added to PyPI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Meta package for oca-l10n-estonia Odoo addons
          odoo11-addon-currency-rate-update-ee-beep added to PyPI      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Download currency exchange rates from Bank of Estonia
          Update: Translate - Voice Translation (Utilities)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

Translate - Voice Translation 1.0.3


Device: iOS Universal
Category: Utilities
Price: Free, Version: 1.0.2 -> 1.0.3 (iTunes)

Description:

Impressive voice translator. You can have a conversation in any language. Use the voice-to-voice system or translate text in more than 100 languages.

Translate - Voice Translation is an application with which you can have a conversation in any language, with the help of the voice translator, you can translate different texts and use the button to make the application speak and you can listen to the translation.

Learn languages quickly and easily, speak in your language to translate in a written or spoken way in the language of your choice, more than 80 languages in text in Spanish, English, French, German, Italian, Korean, Chinese, Japanese, and 44 languages spoken as the ones mentioned above and many others such as Arabic, Danish, Dutch, Portuguese, Russian, Finnish, Indonesian, Turkish or Vietnamese. Speaking and listening to languages is possible thanks to this translator with voice recognition and audio output from the text to the translated language.

It also corrects the spelling, suggestion of words, preserves the history with your latest translations, searches for a word or an entire phrase in the history, shares texts and audios directly to instant messaging, social networks, mail, search engine, notes and other applications that you might have installed. Translating a word or phrases is quick and easy if you use this powerful translator, translate your texts with voice recognition and listen to your translation thanks to the voice translation function.

Translate - Voice Translation includes the following features:

- Translate more than 80 languages.
- Voice recognition
- History of translations with search engine in the history.
- Voice output in more than 40 languages.
- Voice output settings: choose female or male voice and its speed
- Suggestions of words.
- Spelling correction.
- Share texts directly to other applications.
- Optimized for iOS 10: iPhone 6s, iPhone 6s plus, iPhone 7, iPhone 7 plus and iPad Pro, iPad mini, iPad Air, iPad 4
- Completely free and forever.

Parts of the service translated by Microsoft™. Parts of the service translated by Google Translate™

Listening to the translation of your favorite song or learning languages is feasible if you use this magnificent translator. You can translate texts into other languages without the help of dictionaries or translators on papers.

The Translate voice function works with 44 languages:
Arabic, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Catalan, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Haitian Creole, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian , Japanese, Korean, Latin, Latvian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swahili, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Vietnamese, Wales

Subscription information:
- Length of Subscription: 1 month ( 7 day free trial) or 1 year.
- Price: $2.99 per month billed monthly. $23.99 per year billed yearly.
- Subscription automatically renews unless auto-renew is turned off at least 24-hours before the end of the current period.
- Payment will be charged to iTunes Account at confirmation of purchase.
- Account will be charged for renewal within 24-hours prior to the end of the current period, and identify the cost of the renewal.
- Subscriptions may be managed by the user and auto-renewal may be turned off by going to the user’s Account Settings after purchase.
- Any unused portion of a free trial period, if offered, will be forfeited when the user purchases a subscription to that publication, where applicable.

Privacy Policy: http://www.talkao.com/policy/
Terms of use: https://www.talkao.com/terms_of_use

What's New

-Minor bugfixed

Translate - Voice Translation


          Summitul NATO: Liderii statelor membre vor încerca să arate dorinţa de a acţiona în faţa ameninţărilor globale      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Liderii statelor membre ale NATO, care se reunesc miercuri şi joi la noul sediu al Alianţei Nord-Atlantice de la Bruxelles, vor dori să îşi arate cu această ocazie unitatea şi dorinţa de a acţiona în faţa ameninţărilor globale, inclusiv a celei din partea Rusiei, notează dpa. Reprezentanţii celor 29 de state membre ale Alianţei vor încerca să îl tempereze pe preşedintele american Donald Trump, care a criticat constant ţările membre ale NATO ce alocă sub 2% din PIB pentru apărare. Vizita lui Trump în Europa are loc pe fondul deciziei de retragere a SUA din acordul nuclear cu Iranul şi al sporirii tensiunilor între Washington şi ţări europene în legătură cu tarifele impuse de SUA importurilor de oţel şi aluminiu. Alianţa Nord-Atlantică va dori să arate unitatea dintre membrii săi prin adoptarea mai multor măsuri, inclusiv iniţiativa care îi va permite NATO să mobilizeze 30 de batalioane de infanterie, 30 de escadroane de aviaţie şi 30 de nave de luptă în termen de 30 de zile. Măsurile sunt cel mai recent pas făcut în ultimii ani pentru sporirea capacităţilor de apărare ale NATO, ca răspuns la ceea ce este percepută a fi agresiunea din partea Rusiei, după ce aceasta a anexat peninsula ucraineană Crimeea şi a început să sprijine rebelii separatişti din estul Ucrainei. De asemenea, în cadrul eforturilor sale de combatere a terorismului, Alianţa Nord-Atlantică va lansa o nouă misiune de pregătire în Irak şi va extinde finanţarea pentru forţele de securitate afgane până în anul 2024. În timpul summitului de la Bruxelles este de aşteptat ca Macedonia să primească invitaţia oficială de a adera la NATO, după ce şi-a soluţionat disputa îndelungată cu Grecia în privinţa numelui său. NATO a fost creată în 1949, ţările fondatoare fiind Belgia, Canada, Danemarca, Franţa, Islanda, Italia, Luxemburg, Marea Britanie, Norvegia, Olanda, Portugalia şi SUA. În prezent, Alianţa Nord-Atlantică are 29 de membri - Albania, Belgia, Bulgaria, Canada, Cehia, Croaţia, Danemarca, Estonia, Franţa, Germania, Grecia, Islanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburg, Marea Britanie, Muntenegru, Norvegia, Olanda, Polonia, Portugalia, România, Slovacia, Slovenia, Spania, SUA, Turcia şi Ungaria. Cinci ţări membre NATO au frontieră comună cu Rusia. Acestea sunt Estonia, Letonia, Lituania, Norvegia şi Polonia. Cheltuielile totale pentru apărare ale ţărilor NATO în 2018 sunt estimate la 1.010 miliarde dolari, dintre care 706 miliarde dolari reprezintă bugetul alocat apărării de către SUA, ceea ce reprezintă 3,5% din PIB-ul acestei ţări. AGERPRES/(AS - autor: Tudor Martalogu, editor: Gabriela Ionescu, editor online: Irina Giurgiu)   Citiţi şi:   * Summitul NATO de la Bruxelles din 11-12 iulie 2018
          Trump's NATO criticism is 'valid,' Europe isn't spending enough on defense, UK ex-minister says      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
President Donald Trump is pushing other countries within the NATO military alliance to contribute more to their defense spending - and the U.K.'s former defense minister has told CNBC that he agrees. "Half the alliance - 16 of the 29 countries - don't even spend 1.5 percent (of gross domestic product) let alone 2 percent that we all agreed on four years ago (at a NATO summit) in Wales," Michael Fallon, who served as secretary of state for defense from 2014 to 2017, said Tuesday. "Four years on, and not enough European countries are making progress towards it and they need to do that and the president's criticisms are quite valid." Trump is due to attend a NATO summit in Brussels on Wednesday and the thorny issue of how much the alliance's individual members spend on defense is certain to arise. On Tuesday, Trump was still tweeting his annoyance. Number crunching In 2014, NATO members agreed to target spending 2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) on defense, although the contributions remain voluntary. In 2017, only the U.S., U.K., Greece, Poland and Estonia reached the 2 percent target. In 2017, the U.S. spent (at current exchange rates) an estimated $685.9 billion on defense, NATO data shows, the U.K. spent $55.3 billion and Germany $45 billion, compared to Canada's $22.4 billion. The U.S. represented a 71.1 percent share of the alliance's combined defense expenditure. NATO collects defense expenditure data from each member's defense ministry. The latest data from the organization, released Tuesday, estimated that for 2018 the U.S. will spend 3.5 percent of GDP on defense, while NATO Europe and Canada are expected to both spend 1.47 percent. At a NATO summit in May 2017, Trump lambasted fellow member nations saying, "Twenty-three of the 28 member nations are still not paying what they should... Many of these nations owe massive amounts of money from past years." What makes Trump particularly cross is the fact that the U.S. pays so much "to protect Europe," as Trump said last week at a rally in Montana, while Europe "kills us on trade" and the European Union had a 120 billion euro ($140 billion) trade surplus with the States in 2017 - a bone of contention for the president. Trump has since threatened that the U.S. might not come to the aid of a NATO member should it be attacked, and there are concerns that Washington. could pull troops out of Europe. After several years of defense spending cutbacks, both France's President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have pledged this year to increase defense spending - but both have signaled that the 2 percent target might not be reached for years. Berlin has only committed to 1.5 percent by 2024, but even NATO head Jens Stoltenberg has said that is not good enough. NATO is based on the principle of collective defense, meaning that an attack against one ally is considered an attack against all allies and, consequently, members will come to each other's aid. But Trump has repeatedly said that the U.S. is paying way more than its fair share The U.K.'s former defense minister said Trump's position on defense was unlikely to have changed much from last summer. "Last year, when Trump came to the Brussels (NATO) summit, I recall how he was brand new and everyone wanted to meet him, everybody wanted to see how he would react. And he made some of the same points that he's been making recently and he made them there - that Europe has to do more in its own defense." With Trump heading to Helsinki, Finland, to meet Russian President Vladimir Putin next Monday, Fallon believed that NATO members would be keen to engage with Trump. "I think this time there will be more engagement with him. And not least because he's going on from the summit to engage with President Putin and a lot of the members of NATO have a very strong interest in that, particularly Germany, but also those countries that border on to Russia." NATO 'not a one-way street' While the U.S. accounts for the most defense spending within NATO, the U.S. is a beneficiary from the alliance in more ways than one, strategists and military experts note. Hans Binnendijk, from the Center for Transatlantic Relations, and Magnus Nordenman, from the Atlantic Council think tank, concluded in a entitled "NATO's Value to the U.S.: By the Numbers" and published in April that the U.S.' relationship "with its friends and allies is not a one-way street, where the United States makes, and the allies take." They noted that the specified NATO commitment of 2 percent of GDP "is the most visible metric used to measure allied political commitment to burden-sharing across the alliance. However, that metric does not measure the output and quality of allied defense contributions. It says even less about how NATO relates to broader U.S. security and economic interests." For instance, the writers noted: "France and the U.K. contribute about 30 percent of the total ballistic-missile-submarine deterrent fleet held by NATO members" and that "NATO countries also host sites for U.S. B-61 nuclear gravity bombs, and maintain dual-capable aircraft for nuclear delivery, which further enhance deterrence." "NATO and its members contribute directly to U.S. national security through, among many other things, deterrence, deployments in support of U.S. operations, and forward basing close to key security hotspots," the said. (JOKE, right) https://www.cnbc.com/2018/07/11/trumps-nato-criticism-is-valid-europe-isnt-spending-enough-on-def.html
          [Ticker] House prices rise in Sweden, drop in Italy      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
House prices in the European Union on average climbed 11 percent between 2010 and 2017, but with a huge difference from country to country, Eurostat figures out on Tuesday showed. The highest increases were recorded in Estonia (+73 percent), Sweden (+56 percent), Austria (+49 percent), Latvia (+47 percent) and Luxembourg (+40 percent), while the largest decreases were recorded in Spain (-17 percent), Italy (-15 percent) and Cyprus (-9 percent).
          After Threat to Take St. Petersburg, Estonia Now Vows to Crush Russia in Tallinn      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
An Estonian Defense Forces colonel has shared with Western media his dream of Red Dawn-style partisan warfare against hordes of invading Russians.
          Trump pushes NATO allies to increase spending as US share of funding slows      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The pledge called for all allies to stop cutting defense budgets, gradually increase spending and aim to spend 2 percent of their GDP on defense by 2024. Currently, the United States, Greece, Estonia, the United Kingdom and Latvia meet the 2 percent NATO guideline. Since the 2014 summit, the majority of allies have increased defense […]
          The Soviet shadow that over the Putin-Trump summit in Helsinki | Sofi Oksanen      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Finlandisation – the way a powerful state bullies its neighbour - was a fact of life in the Finland I was born in. And it still partly is

When the news broke that a Putin-Trump summit would be held in Helsinki, some comments made my ears prick up. In the international media there was talk of Finland having been chosen as a venue because it is “neutral ground”, a country deemed to have a history of neutrality, and where east-west meetings had been held during the cold war. But Finland today is nothing of the sort. It is a member of the European Union. It is not somewhere in a grey zone between Europe and Russia.

My schoolbooks all said that Estonia had voluntarily joined the Soviet 'family'. Of course, this wasn’t true

Continue reading...
          Igaunijā ažiotāžu izraisa jauna grāmata par «Estonia» katastrofu      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Igaunijā no jauna uzvirmojušas diskusijas par prāmja «Estonia» katastrofu, kam nākamgad apritēs 25. gadadiena. Igauņu valodā iznākusi zviedru rakstnieka Stefana Torsela grāmata «M/S Estonia», kas no igauņu žurnālistes izpelnījusies asu kritiku par vecu «mītu» atražošanu, raksta portāls «Postimees».
          Estonia girds for the war with Russia they see as inevitable [Scary]      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Scary [link] [66 comments]

          Igaunijā ažiotāžu izraisa jauna grāmata par «Estonia» katastrofu      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Igaunijā no jauna uzvirmojušas diskusijas par prāmja «Estonia» katastrofu, kam nākamgad apritēs 25. gadadiena. Igauņu valodā iznākusi zviedru rakstnieka Stefana Torsela grāmata «M/S Estonia», kas no igauņu žurnālistes izpelnījusies asu kritiku par vecu «mītu» atražošanu, raksta portāls «Postimees».
          Prāmja «Estonia» katastrofa: Igaunijā ažiotāžu izraisa jauna grāmata par traģēdiju      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Igaunijā no jauna uzvirmojušas diskusijas par prāmja «Estonia» katastrofu, kam nākamgad apritēs 25. gadadiena. Igauņu valodā iznākusi zviedru rakstnieka Stefana Torsela grāmata «M/S Estonia», kas no igauņu žurnālistes izpelnījusies asu kritiku par vecu «mītu» atražošanu, raksta portāls «Postimees».
          Pic of the Day – 7/10/18      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The moon with a halo, plus an aurora, in Estonia, by photographer Juri Voit.
          At the NATO summit, Trump "singled out Germany... saying the country was 'totally controlled by Russia' because of its dependence on Russian natural gas."      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
"The United States spends heavily to defend Germany from Russia, he said, and 'Germany goes out and pays billions and billions of dollars a year to Russia.' In March, Germany gave approval for Gazprom, the Russian energy titan, to construct the Nord Stream 2 pipeline through its waters, a $10 billion project. 'Germany is a captive of Russia' because of the oil and gas issue, Mr. Trump said. 'I think it’s something that NATO has to look at.... How can you be together when a country is getting its energy from the country you want protection against?'"

From "NATO Summit Live Updates: Trump Calls Alliance ‘Delinquent’ on Military Spending." Trump also complained, "Many countries are not paying what they should, and, frankly, many countries owe us a tremendous amount of money from many years back," but the NYT piece doesn't specify whether German is one of the countries that owes us money.

According to an AP fact check, no NATO member actually owes the U.S. money but:
In 2014... NATO members agreed to stop cutting their military budgets and set a goal of moving “toward” spending 2 percent of their gross domestic product on their own defense — by 2024. It was not a “commitment,” not a direct contribution to NATO, not a payment owed to the U.S., and not something that alliance members pledged to achieve immediately.

Trump is right that most NATO members are spending less than 2 percent of their GDP on their defense budget, though more are moving in that direction.
So is Germany one of the NATO members that aren't spending enough? From Defense News:
A “league table” of NATO members shows that the United States is still way ahead of other allies’ spending, with defense expenditure accounting for 3.57 percent of its GDP in 2017.

Greece at 2.36 perpercent, the U.K. at 2.12 percent, and Estonia at 2.08 percent are the next best performers in terms of meeting the GDP target. The laggards are tiny Luxembourg (0.46 percent), Belgium (0.90 percent), Spain (0.92 percent) and Slovenia (0.98 percent).

In 2017 the report says the U.K. spent some $55.2 billion on defense, Germany $45.4 billion and France $45.9 billion. But this still pales when compared with the United States’ $685.9 billion in spending.

When it comes to the proportion spent on defense as a share of GDP, Europe has fallen from just under 3 percent in 1989 to 1.95 percent last year.
I'm seeing elsewhere that Germany's 2017 GDP was $3,686.6 billion, so I think it's spending 1.245% and is falling $73.7 billion short of the goal it is supposed to be moving toward. [CORRECTION: $73.7 billion is the total needed to meet the goal. Germany is $27.8 billion short.] Trump's point is that the mutual defense commitment puts the U.S. in the position of having to carry far too much of the weight. I presume that the other countries are taking advantage of what the U.S. has seemed to want to do for its own security.

ADDED:


          ‘They will die in Tallinn’: Estonia girds for war with Russia      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
The head of the tiny NATO member’s special forces details his country’s preparations for a conflict many here see as inevitable.
          Prāmja «Estonia» katastrofa: Igaunijā ažiotāžu izraisa jauna grāmata par traģēdiju      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Igaunijā no jauna uzvirmojušas diskusijas par prāmja «Estonia» katastrofu, kam nākamgad apritēs 25. gadadiena. Igauņu valodā iznākusi zviedru rakstnieka Stefana Torsela grāmata «M/S Estonia», kas no igauņu žurnālistes izpelnījusies asu kritiku par vecu «mītu» atražošanu, raksta portāls «Postimees».
          Thrift store at We Are Family's daytime resource center is open and looking for volunteers      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   


The thrift store at We Are Family's new downtown resource center for homeless and low-income Charlestonians is up and running, and it needs your help.

The Closet Case consignment/vintage/discount store, or whatever euphemism you'd like to apply to not-new stuff that is used but still dope, is now open
Wednesday through Sunday from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.

You can sign up for one of three volunteer shifts (morning, afternoon, evening) right now, or head to the center's Amazon wish list, which includes essentials such as dish soap, paper towels, and coffee.

The All of Us center opened on Mon. June 25 as a collaboration between a number of local nonprofits to help alleviate poverty and homelessness in the area. more…


          Printing a house from a novel peat material      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Scientists from the University of Tartu and the Estonian University of Life Sciences have created a construction material consisting primarily of peat and oil shale ash that could reduce the construction costs of a private house nearly tenfold. The aim…

Continue reading


          Estonia preparing for war with Russia, England preparing to riot when Trump arrives while...OMG CARDI B HAD HER BABY [Murica]      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Murica [link] [20 comments]

          Elva vs Keila, Jul 12, 2018 – Preview, Watch and Bet, Score      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Estonian Esiliiga, Elva – Keila, Thursday, 12:00 pm ET Elva – Keila 00:00 / 90:00 Watch and bet Elva – Keila live Sign in or Register (it’s free) to watch and bet Live Stream* To place a bet while streaming, go to Live In-Play Prior to joining bookmaker and funding your account in order to…
          Trump plantea que los miembros de la OTAN eleven el gasto militar al 4 % del PIB      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

La Prensa

Bruselas, Bélgica.

El presidente estadounidense, Donald Trump, urgió este miércoles a sus aliados de la OTAN a destinar un 4% de su PIB nacional al gasto militar, durante una reunión de trabajo en una cumbre en Bruselas, indicó la Casa Blanca.

"Durante su intervención en la cumbre de la OTAN, sugirió a los países que no sólo cumplan con su compromiso de destinar el 2% de su PIB al gasto en defensa, sino que lo aumenten al 4%", señaló la portavoz de la Casa Blanca, Sarah Sanders.

Según la vocera, el mandatario de Estados Unidos, cuyo presupuesto militar alcanza el 3,5% del PIB y cuyas contribuciones directas al presupuesto de la OTAN representan el 22% del total, "quiere que nuestros aliados compartan más la carga [de la OTAN] y como mínimo cumplan con sus obligaciones".

Sanders se refiere así al compromiso adoptado por los miembros de la organización transatlántica en la cumbre de 2014 en Gales, cuando acordaron aproximar sus presupuestos nacionales de defensa al 2% del PIB de cara a 2024.

Lea más: Revelan detalles de cómo hicieron los niños para sobrevivir en la cueva de TailandiaEl presidente de Bulgaria, Rumen Radev, confirmó la intervención de Trump, así como el canciller luxemburgués, Jean Asselborn.

"La mayoría de dirigentes reconoció que se debían hacer esfuerzos, pero consideró absurdo el enfoque contable" del presidente estadounidense, dijo este último a la AFP.

Además de Estados Unidos, sólo Grecia (2,27%), Estonia (2,14%), Reino Unido (2,10%) y Letonia (2%) cumplen con el objetivo de Gales.

Polonia, Lituania y Rumania, cuyo gasto militar oscila actualmente entre el 1,93% y el 1,98%, también podrían hacerlo en 2018, según cifras de la OTAN.

De los 29 países de la Alianza, Alemania, la primera economía europea, es el blanco preferido de las críticas del presidente estadounidense por destinar un 1,24% de su PIB al gasto militar en 2018.


          The 2 Percent Doctrine      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

President Trump flew to Brussels with a chip on his shoulder about American versus European defense spending—“NATO countries must pay MORE, the United States must pay LESS. Very Unfair!” he griped in a particularly juvenile tweet—and he’s kept up the grousing since his arrival.

On a broad level, Trump has a point, and he’s hardly alone in making it; every American president in the last 40 years has pushed the European allies to boost their military budgets. But on his specifics, Trump is wrong, and dangerously so: He displays no understanding of how NATO works, no appreciation for the inherent value of the alliance, and—when it comes to his most solid complaint, the failure of most members to spend 2 percent of their GNP on defense—no awareness of what that target really means.

Trump seems to think that the members of NATO are like the tenants in one of his apartment buildings. They owe a certain amount in rent; they haven’t been paying the full amount; he’s been filling the gap; so now they need to pay him back—or else. I am not exaggerating. On Tuesday, en route to the summit, Trump tweeted:

Many countries in NATO, which we are expected to defend, are not only short of their current commitment of 2% (which is low), but are also delinquent for many years in payments that have not been made. Will they reimburse the U.S.?

Every aspect of this outburst is based on a false premise. First, it is not the case that “we are expected to defend” NATO members; rather, NATO is an alliance of mutual defense; in fact, the only time in its 69-year-old history that a member invoked the treaty occurred in September 2001, when the Europeans and Canada came to our defense after al-Qaida’s attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. (Hundreds of these countries’ soldiers have since died in Afghanistan fulfilling that pledge.)

Second, at the NATO summit of 2014, each member declared that it would try to spend 2 percent of its GDP on defense by 2024. This was a goal, not a “commitment”; and it was to be fulfilled (if possible) over a period of 10 years, not enforced now. Even if this were a binding contract (which it is not), no one—not even the most sluggish spender—could be deemed “delinquent,” much less “delinquent for many years.”

Third, it is absurd to demand that countries falling short of 2 percent should “reimburse the U.S.” This is not how NATO or any military alliance works. NATO is not a common asset, like an apartment co-op, into which the members pay a proportional share. Rather, each member’s democratically elected government decides how much to spend on defense—and how to spend it. NATO’s executive leadership can set goals and prod, but, as is proper under an alliance of democracies, it can’t insist on them. (NATO as a whole does have a small fund for shared, mainly administrative expenses and, it’s worth noting, all members fully pay what they owe for that.)

Fourth, like the other members, the United States too decides how much to spend on its own defense—and how much of that sum should go to the defense of Europe. This sum is based on U.S. security requirements, as mediated by political and bureaucratic interests. It is not at all based on what NATO wants us to do—or on any calculation of how much it takes to fill shortfalls in European spending. In other words, if Germany and other countries haven’t been spending as much on defense as they’ve promised, we haven’t been paying their share, nor do they owe us—or any other country—reimbursement.

It is true, only six of NATO’s 28 countries are currently spending at least 2 percent of their GDP on defense: the United States, Greece, Estonia, Great Britain, Romania, and Poland. But this doesn’t mean much when it comes to those countries’ contributions to the defense of the alliance.

For instance, Greece spends 2.3 percent of its GNP on defense. By that measure, it ranks second only to the United States (which spends 4.3 percent). However, the Greek military budget amounts to just $4.9 billion. Germany, the main target of Trump’s bluster, spends only 1.2 percent of its GNP on defense—but this results in a military budget of $46.3 billion, 10 times as large as that of Greece. Which country is doing more for continental defense?

By the way, parsed closely, the United States doesn’t meet the 2 percent target either. Since we are a global power, much of our defense budget is spent on ships, planes, weapons and troops in Asia, the Middle East, and other parts of the globe. It’s hard to be precise about these things, but certainly less than half the total goes toward the defense of Europe—which means the U.S. spends probably a bit less than 2 percent of its GDP on NATO.

Of course, this too is an absurd statement. The United States is the leader of NATO; it is the only member with the intelligence and logistical assets to unify the alliance as a fighting force; by the treaty’s charter, the NATO commander must be an American four-star general.

In other words, 2 percent is a political goal with very little military meaning. It reflects nothing, for instance, about how each country allocates its defense budget (toward weapons, personnel, research and development, graft, or what). The goal was meant to serve as a token of effort, the premise being that if a country can’t bring itself to spend even that much on the military, its leaders or electorate aren’t very serious about defense.

But that may not be a fair premise. If Germany boosted its defense budget to 2 percent of its GDP, it would amount to $75 billion—a sum that would alarm some European allies (and many German citizens), who still have memories and concerns about German militarism. (The old joke about NATO is that it was designed to keep the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down.)

When it comes to meaningful objectives, NATO has in fact made substantial progress in the past few years. It has strengthened the defense of the small Baltic countries, which are particularly vulnerable to incursions and threats from their neighbor, Russia. It is speedily implementing a new plan called 30-30-30, which requires NATO to have 30 land battalions, 30 air fighter squadrons, and 30 warships ready to deploy within 30 days of being put on alert.

Finally, just in terms of military spending, all but five NATO members are spending more money—and a higher percentage of GNP—on defense than they were in 2014, when they endorsed the 2 percent pledge. This is due mainly to stepped-up threats in the interim from Russia, but Trump could claim that his own threats spurred them to open their wallets wider.

In other words, if he were so inclined, Trump could use this year’s summit as an occasion for celebration. But as he has made clear all along, from his 2016 campaign to every phase of his first 18 months as president, Trump comes to bury NATO, not to praise it. The grumbling about budget targets—and his portrait of the allies as loafers and cheaters who exploit our naïve generosity—is simply an excuse to heighten resentment among his “base” toward alliances in general, especially traditional democratic alliances. In the summit’s opening session, Trump proposed raising the spending target from 2 percent of GDP to 4 percent—which, even he must know, is absurd and unnecessary. (In the 1970s, when armored garrisons of NATO and Warsaw Pact troops faced off across the East–West Germany border, President Carter pushed the allies to devote just 3 percent of their GDP to defense—and had trouble selling that.)

Why he is doing this is not entirely clear. Is it the prelude to a shift toward Russia; or toward one-on-one, strictly transactional relationships with other countries (especially autocracies, with which he feels more comfortable); or toward some instinctual mix of unilateralism and isolationism?

There is a legitimate debate to be had over NATO’s purpose in the post–Cold War era. But there’s no debate about the merits of having foreign allies who share our values and our interests—especially at a time when the European Union faces other pressures, some of them from a Russia waxing in imperial nostalgia. And before Trump starts removing the 35,000 U.S. troops in Germany, as he’s asked the Pentagon to consider, he should be told that those troops and their facilities don’t just defend and help unify Europe; they also serve as transit points for U.S. military operations worldwide, as medical centers for troops injured in those operations, and as intelligence centers for campaigns against terrorism, drug smuggling, loose nukes, and other concerns. (One base in Stuttgart is also the headquarters for U.S. Africa Command.)

Through his reckless tirades and disjointed demands, Trump is on the verge of destroying this infrastructure. He has already forfeited much of the trust and respect required for its sustenance. The question that many of the allies are pondering is this: Can they afford to wait out the passing of this peculiar era—or should they make accommodations and deals with others elsewhere? They are waiting to see what Trump does at his meeting next week with Russian President Vladimir Putin. It’s no exaggeration to say that the fate of the West, as we’ve come to know it, may be at stake.


          Cestování:: Purchase IELTS IN Middle East(WhatsApp:+1(702) 718-7945)      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

we()get ielts certificate without exam in pakistan, get ielts 9 bands in australia, ielts for australia work permit, how to get ielts certificate online, buy original ielts certificate in India, buy original ielts certificate pakistan, ielts result online british council, ielts certificate for sale in uk, nebosh in qatar, buy nebosh certificate in uk,

Hi Friends

At our association we can help you obtain/order/Pur­chase And original/veri­fiable/genuine ielts, toelf, gmat, gre, pte,visa, nebosh, esol, toeic, celta/delta passport, certificates without taking/attending the exam/test. We are a group of Teachers and Examiners Working in various centers like British council, IDP centers, Ets, Gmat, Nebosh Etc… and we have teamed up to form a wide organisation with the sole interest of providing reliable services for all our customers In Documentation and Travel consultancy.

Want to Improve your Band score for Ielts/Toelf/Gmat/Gre­/Pte/Nebosh ?

Need Ielts/Toelf/Gmat/Gre­/Pte/Nebosh Etc certificate urgently in Australia, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Lebanon, Qatar, Canada, India, Dubai, Iran, Pakistan, Belarus, Kuwait, Germany, France, Egypt, Russia, Malaysia, UAE, Jordan, Yemen, Iraq, China, UK, USA, New Zealand, Afghanistan, Phillipines, signapor, Brazil, Hungary, Japan, Anywhere… From British council or IDP official without taking/attending the test/exam ? Contact us if interested Our Group of Staff will be devoted in their mission and treat each case as very important.

Email::::::::::­::::(ieltspte­online(at)gma­il(dot)com)

Skype ID::::::::::: ielts tips

WhatsApp::::::::::: +1(702) 718–7945

Gen-surp:::::::::::­(ieltstips(at)ou­tlook(dot)com)

buy-ielts-certificate-without-exams.busines­s.site/

Our Services:

1– we provide Official certificate with registration into the database and actual center stamps for customers interested in obtaining the certificate without taking the test.

2– If you already took the test and it less than a month that you took the test, we can update the results obtained in your previous test to provide you with a new certificate with the updated results for you to follow you PR procedures without any risk.

3– we can provide Question papers for future test before the actual test date. the questionnaires will be issued about 6 to 10 days before the test data and will be 100% same questions that will appear in the test. guaranteed at 100%.

4– We are teachers and examination officials working together as team so you can choice any of our proffessional to go in for the exams on your behafl.

5– You can register for your exams and go in for but we shall provide your target scores as you request because we have underground partners working at any center test which give us access into the system.

6– We equally assist our clients by sending recommendation letters to well known

educational institution or enterprises offering employment abroad in Canada, UK,

USA, Australia, NEW Zealand and others in order to give you a kick start for your

future.

7– We Can Get You A second Chance In Life with New Identity to protect your privacy, build new credit history, bypass criminal background checks, take back your freedom. Apply for real register Passport ,Visa, Driving License, ID CARDS, marriage certificates,di­plomas, working permit, resident permit, etc

ABOUT US:

>>We are fast, reliable and flexible

>>We are popular and trusted

>>We are highly experienced in documentation

>>We have excellent pass into database.

Our organisation is well connected with various invigilators, British council data

base managers and test centers, which enables us to register your scores in any ielts

center around the world . All our certificates are original and British Council

certified. If you want to make an inquiry please use below details to contact us.

Email::::::::::­::::(ieltspte­online(at)gma­il(dot)com)

Skype ID::::::::::: ielts tips

WhatsApp::::::::::: +1(702) 718–7945

Gen-surp:::::::::::­(ieltstips(at)ou­tlook(dot)com)

buy-ielts-certificate-without-exams.busines­s.site/

We are confident in the quality of our services, but if suddenly you

are not satisfied with the result of our work, we will refund you all

the money for the work. Sometimes it happens that we do not fully satisfy

our client and we have to return to him all the money for the work.

PLEASE SERIOUS CUSTOMERS ONLY! Please note that we will NOT process an order etc

without an UPFRONT payment. We do not accept scam escrow, Ill pay you later,

CODs etc. We have to pay our resource a Commission before any entry into the system

is even made. This means in detail that if you contact us back and state or request

that we just enter your information into the data base and incur all the up front

cost then then we are sorry because we don't work that way .

Contact us for more details .

Email::::::::::­::::(ieltspte­online(at)gma­il(dot)com)

Skype ID::::::::::: ielts tips

WhatsApp::::::::::: +1(702) 718–7945

Gen-surp:::::::::::­(ieltstips(at)ou­tlook(dot)com)

buy-ielts-certificate-without-exams.busines­s.site/

=======KEY WORDS =============­========================­=========================

Obtain Ielts Band 7 in China,

buy real ielts in lebanon/oman,

ielts certificate for sale in uk,

Buy Ielts 8 Qatar in Afghanistan,

Get Ielts Band 7 and 8 Sri Lanka,

Acquire Ielts Band 8 Palestine,

ielts for australia work permit,

Buy Ielts certificate Band 8 France,

how to get ielts certificate online,

ielts certificate without exam in punjab,

Purchase Ielts Band 8 Turkey,

Buy Pte certificate in Lebanon,

Buy Toelf certificate in Saudi Arabia,

Buy Ielts certificate Band 8 Egypt,

Ielts certificate for sale in uae,

Buy Ielts certificate Band 8 Germany,

Ielts Band 8 Dominican Republic,

Buy Ielts certificate Band 8 Lebanon,

Get Ielts Band 8 Saudi Arabia,

buy english language cerrtificate

ielts result online british council,

Purchase IELTS certificate without exam

Get Original Pte Certificate in Italy,

Buy Original Toefl Certificate in India,

get ielts certificate without exam in mumbai,

Obtain Original Toefl Certificate in Pakistan,

Get Real Toefl IBT Certificate in Oman,

Buy Real Toefl IBT Certificate in Kuwait,

Obtain Real Toefl IBT Certificate in Russia,

Buy Real Toefl PBT certificate in canada,

Obtain Real Nebosh certificate in usa,

Buy Nebosh certificate in UK without test,

Buy Fle certificate in France,

Get Pte certificate in jordan,

can i buy real ielts in pakistan

Buy Ielts certificate Band 7 in India,

Get Ielts cert Band 7 in Afghanistan,

Obtain Ielts Band 7 United Arab Emirates,

Need Ielts certificate Band 7 Dubai,

Get Ielts certificate Band 7 Italy,

Original Ielts Band 7 Spain,

i need real ielts without exams,

Buy Real Ielts Band 7 Pakistan,

Get Real Ielts Band 7 Ouzbékistan,

Buy Target Band 7: IELTS Academic Module

Get Ielts certificate Band 7 Algeria,

ielts certificate without exam in punjab,

where to get ielts certificate abu dhabi,

british council online ielts result,

where to get ielts without exam,

ielts certificate without exam in chennai,

where can i buy ielts certificate without exam

buy ielts certificate without exams in australia,

Apply for a registered canadian passport,

Apply for a registered spanish driver's license,

buy original id card in Pakistan,

Buy authentic working permit in Australia,

Obtain a registered resident permit in canada,

buy a real and registered visa and passport,

Request a original green card in usa,

buy a registered birth certificate in Germany,

Buy a original passport in Australia,

Buy a registered marriage certificate in Italy,

Order a authentic passport in Lebanon,

Apply for a original passport in France,

Buy a registered passport in mexico,

Buy a original visa in Dubai,

Buy a original and registered id card,

buy real and original passort in india,

buy a real and original visa in Qatar,

ielts certificate for sale in india,

get ielts certificate without exam in india,

buy original ielts certificate without exams,

ielts certificate without exam in delhi,

ielts certificate without exam in hyderabad,

ielts certificate without exam in kerala,

buy ielts certificate in india without test,

Buy Nebosh certified in Qatar,

can i pass in ielts exam from money,

buy ielts certificate,

where to get ielts without exam,

buy original ielts certificate,

ielts certificate for sale,

how to check fake nebosh certificate,

nebosh certificate download,

fake nebosh certificates for sale,

buy fake nebosh certificate,

nebosh certificate sample,

nebosh certificate verification,

fake iosh certificates,

buy ielts certificate in india

Buy a original visa in Dubai

how to check nebosh igc result online,

ielts certificate for sale in uae,

ielts certificate verification,

Buy original Arrt certificate in USA,

Apply for a registered us visa,

Apply for a registered canadian passport,

Apply for a registered spanish driver's license,

buy original id card in Pakistan,

Buy authentic working permit in Australia,

Obtain a registered resident permit in canada,

buy a real and registered visa and pssport,

Request a original green card in usa,

buy a registered birth certificate in Germany,

Buy a original pssport in Australia,

Buy a registered marriage certificate in Italy,

Order a authentic pssport in Lebanon,

Apply for a original passport in France,

Buy a registered pssport in mexico,

Buy a original and registered id card,

buy real and original pssport in india,

buy a real and original visa in Qatar,

Buy Ielts certificate Band 7 Sri Lanka,

Buy original database Verifiable IELTS certificate

Buy ielts certificate 8.5 band in Australia,

Obtain Ielts Certificate without taking The Test,

Obtain Toefl Certificate without taking The Test,

Obtain GRE Certificate without taking The Test,

Get Ielts Certificate without taking The Test,

Get Toefl Certificate without taking The Test,

Get Nebosh Certificate without taking The Test,

Buy Fle Certificate without taking The Test,

Buy ETS Certificate without taking The Test,

Obtain IELTS Certificate without Taking Exams,

Obtain IELTS Certificates without Taking Exams,

Buy IELTS International English language test system

Buy Real Ielts,toefl,pas­sports, Online Without Exam,

Buy GRE Certificate without taking The Test Selling,

Original IELTS Certificates Online in Bahrain,

i got my registered ielts certificate without exams

Selling Original IELTS Certificate Online in Algeria,

Selling Original TOELF Certificate Online in Kuwait,

Selling Original IELTS Certificate Online in Qatar,

Selling Original IELTS Certificate Online in Jordan,

Selling Original IELTS Certificate Online in Egypt,

Buy original GRE Certificate Without Exam in Jordan,

Buy original ESOL Certificate Without Exam in Jordan,

Buy original CELTA Certificate Without Exam in Dubai,

Buy original DELTA Certificate Without Exam in Kuwait,

Buy original NEBOSH Certificate Without Exam in Qatar,

Buy original NEBOSH Certificate Without Exam in Egypt,

Buy Real Ielts,toefel,pas­sports, Online Without Exam,

Selling Original TOELF Certificate Online in Saudi Arabia,

Selling Original IELTS Certificate Online in Middle East,

Buy original GMAT Certificate Without Exam in Saudi Arabia,

Buy original TOEIC Certificate Without Exam in Saudi Arabia,

Where can someone buy a registered TOEFL and IELTS certificate,

BUY/OBTAIN/GET/MO­DIFY/PURCHASE IELTS Certificate without exams,

Buy/Get/Order/Re­quest/Apply for a original ielts certificate,

Apply for Original IELTS Certificate without Exams in Canada,

Ielts Band 7 Palestine Need Real Ielts Band 7 Saudi Arabia,

Where can someone buy a registered TOEFL and IELTS certificate,

BUY/OBTAIN/GET/MO­DIFY/PURCHASE IELTS Certificate without exams,

Buy/Get/Order/Re­quest/Apply for a original ielts certificate,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in UAE,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Yemen,

Buy orginal PTE Certificate Without Exam in United Arab Emirates,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/E­SOL/GRE certificates in Dubai,

buy original/regis­teredIELTS/TO­EFL/ESOL/GRE certificates in Turkey,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/E­SOL/GRE certificates in Qatar,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/E­SOL/GRE certificates in Israel,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Oman,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Kuwait,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Qatar,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Syria,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Iraq,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Iran,

Take IELTS: IELTS International English language test system

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Lebanon,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Bahrain,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Jordan,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Palestine,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Pakistan,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Jordan,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in Europe,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Poland,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Ukraine,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Greece,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Austria,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Sweden,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Norway,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Iceland,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Finland,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Croatia,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Cyprus,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Romania,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Hungary,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Bulgaria,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Denmark,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Slovenia,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Serbia,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Albania,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Lithuania,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Belarus,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Slovakia,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Bosnia,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Estonia,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Montenegro,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Italy,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Spain,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Germany,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Switzerland,

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Netherlands

buy original and registered ielts and toefl certificates in Czech Republic,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/E­SOL/GRE certificates in Saudi Arabia,

buy original/registered IELTS/TOEFL/ESOL certificates in the middle East,

=============­=======================

NOTE: This list is not complete kindly get back to us directly with details on the band

score required and test date you need the certificate for and we shall get back to you

with the procedures. Feel Free to contact directly with us via

Email::::::::::­::::(ieltspte­online(at)gma­il(dot)com)

Skype ID::::::::::: ielts tips

WhatsApp::::::::::: +1(702) 718–7945

Gen-surp:::::::::::­(ieltstips(at)ou­tlook(dot)com)

buy-ielts-certificate-without-exams.busines­s.site/

BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN MALAYSIA, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN PAKISTAN, BUY IELTS INDIA, BUY IELTS PAKISTAN, BUY IELTS SAUDI ARABIA,BUY IELTS SINGAPORE, BUY IELTS UAE, BUY IELTS WITHOUT EXAMS, BUY ORIGINAL IELTS, BUY REAL IELTS, BUY REAL IELTS ABU DHABI, BUY , REAL IELTS INDIA, BUY REAL IELTS PAKISTAN, GET IELTS CERTIFICATE ONLINE, GET IELTS CERTIFICATE WITHOUT EXAM, GET IELTS BAND 7 INDIA, HOW TO BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE ,IELTS INDIA IELTS PAKISTAN, ORIGINAL IELTS CERTIFICATE QATAR, ORIGINAL IELTS PAKISTAN, REAL IELTS DUBAI, REAL IELTS QATAR,ILTS FOR SALE, BUY ORIGINAL IELTS IN SYDNEY, IELTS AUSTRALIA, IELTS CANADA, IELTS LEGIT, BUY REAL IELTS, IELTS FOR SALE IN INDIA, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN EGYPT, GET IELTS WITHOUT TEST, IELTS WITHOUT EXAMS, BUY IELTSONLINE, IELTS BAND 8, IELTS BAND 7, IELTS BAND 6.5, IELTS BAND 7.5, BUY IELTS 8.5, BUY IELTS BAND 9, ORIGINAL IELTS CERTIFICATE, BUY ORIGINAL IELTS CERTIFICATE, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE INDIA, CAN BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE, IELTS LAHORE, IELTS PAKISTAN FOR AUSTRALIA, IELTS PAKISTAN FEE, IELTS ISLAMABAD FOR AUSTRALIA, IELTS IN NEPAL FOR AUSTRALIA, IELTS IN QATAR FOR AUSTRALIA, IELTS IN OMAN FOR AUSTRALIA, IELTS IN LEBANON FOR AUSTRALIA, IELTS IN INDIA FOR AUSTRALIA, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN UAE, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN SAUDI ARABIA, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN DUBAI, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN IRAN WITHOUT EXAMS, GETTING IELTS, BUY ORIGINAL AND REGISTERED IELTS CERTIFICATE WITHOUT EXAMS/TEST IN PAKISTAN/INDI­A/QATAR/KUWAIT/O­MAN/, GET IELTS WITHOUT EXAMS In AUSTRALIA/CANA­DA/UAE/SAUDI ARABIA/IRAN, BUY/GET/OBTAIN ORIGINAL/REGISTERED NEBOSH WITHOUT EXAMS/TEST IN PAKISTAN/QATAR/UK/SA­UDI ARABIA/INDIA/E­GYPT/USA/CANA­DA, WHERE CAN I BUY NEBOSH WITHOUT EXAMS ONLINE, PURCHASE ORIGINAL IELTS CERTIFICATE, BUY BRITISH COUNCIL IELTS CERTIFICATE WITHOUT EXAMS, BUY NEBOSH ONLINE, GET NEBOSH WITHOUT EXAMS IN QATAR, WHERE/HOW/ CAN I BUY/OBTAIN/GA­IN/GET/ORDER/PUR­CHASE/ REQUEST ORIGINAL/REGIS­TERED/LEGIT/GE­NUINE/AUTHENTIC/RE­AL/CERTIFIED IELTS/TOELF/GMAT/GRE­/PTE/NEBOSH/BEC/E­SOL/TOEIC/CEL­TA/DELTA/FLE/TE­SOL/ETSINPAKIS­TAN/INDIA/UAE­/LEBANON/OMAN/SA­UDIARABIA/QATAR/UK/CA­NADA/USA/CHINA­/IRAN/IRAQ/AUS­TRALIA/NEWZEA­LAND/SPAIN/ITA­LY/GERMANY/FRAN­CE//JORDAN/SY­RIA/RUSSIA/PA­LESTINE/TURKEY­/YEMEN WITHOUT TAKING/ATTENDIN­G/WRITING/REGIS­TERING/ THE EXAMS/TESTS, BUY REAL GMAT CERTIFICATE, BUY ORIGINAL GMAT CERTIFICATE WITHOUT EXAMS, BUY GRE, BUY ORIGINAL GRE CERTIFICATE, BUY/GET PTE CERTIFICATE,BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN BANGLADESH, BUY IELTS CERTIFICATE IN INDIA,BUY REAL IELTS CERTIFICATE | GET ORIGINAL IELTS ONLINE WITHOUT EXAMS,BUY IELTS CERTIFICATES WITHOUT TEST, BUY REAL IELTS CERTIFICATES, GET IELTS CERTIFICATES, ORIGINAL IELTS CERTIFICATE

Email::::::::::­::::(ieltspte­online(at)gma­il(dot)com)

Skype ID::::::::::: ielts tips

WhatsApp::::::::::: +1(702) 718–7945

Gen-surp:::::::::::­(ieltstips(at)ou­tlook(dot)com)

buy-ielts-certificate-without-exams.busines­s.site/

Buy IELT Karachi, buy IELTS Pakistan, Get IELTS UAE, buy IELTS UK, Obtain IELTS certificate, buy IELTS degree, buy IELTS eBook, buy IELTS exam, buy IELTS, buy IELTS in Dubai, buy IELTS material online , buy IELTS practice test online, purchase IELTS, Order IELTS India, buy IELTS score, buy IELTS Mumbai, apply for IELTS, buy IELTS band 7, buy IELTS test, buy IELTS certificate, Take IELTS Syria, buy IELTS test online, buy IELTS test papers, buy IELTS band 8, buy certificate, buy road to IELTS, registered IELTS, Cambridge IELTS 9, buy online Cambridge IELTS, can buy IELTS certificate, can I buy IELTS, where can I buy IELTS, where can Get IELTS, where can I buy IELTS Singapore, buy IELTS Indonesia, band 7 Indonesia, where can I buy IELTS Toronto, where can I buy IELTS certificate, where can apply IELTS, where can I obtain IELTS, where to buy IELTS Delhi, where to buy IELTS in Dubai, where to buy IELTS Egypt, where to buy IELTS where to buy IELTS in Malaysia, where to buy IELTS Singapore , where to buy IELTS Vietnam,buy ielts academic, buy ielts general, ielts book online, registered ielts, ielts, ielts certificate pakistan, buy real nebosh qatar, buy original nebosh certificate without exams, buy real toelf certificate, Registered IELTS Pakistan | IELTS Backdoor in India | IELTS Backdoor Pakistan | IELTS backdoor chennai | IELTS backdoor in Bangalore | Buy IELTS Certificate in Hyderabad | IELTS speaking band 7 description | IELTS SPEAKING QUESTIONS PART 1,2,3 | IELTS speaking topics 2016 | IELTS speaking discussions questions and answers | IELTS speaking part 3 tips.NEBOSH India | NEBOSH course details | NEBOSH online | Real NEBOSH | Buy UK fake diploma| buy NEBOSH international General Certificate|buy NEBOSH IGC, picture of the highest quality NEBOSH IGC| how does the original NEBOSH IGC look like? | NEBOSH course in Karala | NEBOSH cousre fee in india | NEBOSH course in Kollam | NEBOSH course in Calicut | NEBOSH course in Thrissur | NEBOSH course in Trivandrum | NEBOSH course duration | buy nebosh certificate

Email::::::::::­::::(ieltspte­online(at)gma­il(dot)com)

Skype ID::::::::::: ielts tips

WhatsApp::::::::::: +1(702) 718–7945

Gen-surp:::::::::::­(ieltstips(at)ou­tlook(dot)com)

buy-ielts-certificate-without-exams.busines­s.site/

Apply for an IELTS without exams test|Apply for australia without IELTS without exams| Apply for Australian student visa without IELTS without exams|Apply for IELTS without exams|Apply for IELTS without exams 2016|Apply for IELTS without exams academic|Apply for IELTS without exams Australia|Apply for IELTS without exams Bahrain|Apply for IELTS without exams British council|Apply for IELTS without exams Canada|Apply for IELTS without exams dubai|Apply for IELTS without exams exam| Apply for IELTS without exams 2016|Apply for IELTS without exams exam Azerbaijan|Apply for IELTS without exams exam British council|Apply for IELTS without exams exam idp|Apply for IELTS without exams exam in Bahrain| Apply for IELTS without exams exam in Georgia|Apply for IELTS without exams exam in Jeddah|Apply for IELTS without exams exam in Jordan|Apply for IELTS without exams exam in Lebanon|Apply for IELTS without exams exam in UK |Apply for IELTS without exams exam India|Apply for IELTS without exams exam online|Apply for IELTS without exams exam online in Libya|Apply for IELTS without exams IDP|Apply for IELTS without exams in Abu Dhabi| Apply for IELTS without exams in Azerbaijan|Apply for IELTS without exams in dubai| Apply for IELTS without exams in kuwait|Apply for IELTS without exams in lahore|Apply for IELTS without exams in London|Apply for IELTS without exams in Pakistan|Apply for IELTS without exams in Qatar|Apply for IELTS without exams in Uzbekistan|Apply for IELTS without exams India|Apply for IELTS without exams Kuwait|Apply for IELTS without exams lebanon|Apply for IELTS without exams Melbourne|Apply for IELTS without exams online|Apply for IELTS without exams online in Australia|Apply for IELTS without exams online in Qatar|Apply for IELTS without exams paper|Apply for IELTS without exams Saudi Arabia|Apply for IELTS without exams scholarship|Apply for IELTS without exams scholarship|Apply for IELTS without exams test|Apply for IELTS without exams test Bahrain|Apply for IELTS without exams test idp|Apply for IELTS without exams test in india|Apply for IELTS without exams test in london|Apply for IELTS without exams test in melbourne|Apply for IELTS without exams test in riyadh|Apply for IELTS without exams test in sydney| Apply for IELTS without exams test online| Apply for IELTS without exams test online in India| Apply for IELTS without exams test online in london| Apply for IELTS without exams test Saudi Arabia| Apply for IELTS without exams through british council| Apply for IELTS without exams UAE| Apply for new zealand with IELTS without exams| Apply for ukvi IELTS without exams|Apply for USA without IELTS without exams| Apply online for IELTS without exams idp| British council Apply for IELTS without exams|Can pass for IELTS without exams| Can i Apply for australia with IELTS without exams|Can i Apply for australian visa with IELTS without exams|Can i Apply for Canada immigration without IELTS without exams|Can i Apply for IELTS without exams again|Can i Apply for IELTS without exams online|Can i Apply for IELTS without exams|Can i Apply for new zealand without IELTS without exams|Can i Apply for pr without IELTS without exams|Can we Apply for IELTS without exams without passport|Can we Apply online for IELTS without exams|deadline to Apply for IELTS without exams|documents needed to Apply for IELTS without exams|documents required to Apply for IELTS without exams|documents to Apply for IELTS without exams|eligibility to Apply for IELTS without exams|How Apply for IELTS without exams exam|How Can i Apply for IELTS without exams exam|How do i Apply for IELTS without exams exam|How many days before Apply for IELTS without exams|How many days before should i Apply for IELTS without exams|How many times Can i Apply for IELTS without exams| Real ielts certificate India| buy ielts certificate| original Ielts| Ielts band 7| Get toefl certificate| genuine ielts certificate| Get ielts online| Nebosh certificate| buy real nebosh certificate| Taking Test IELTS| buy toefl online| get ielts band 7| toefl certificate online| Genuine certificate| original ielts/toefl UK| verified ielts| ielts dubai| Certificate Toefl Pakistan| ielts certificate Dubai| ielts Certificate online Qatar| ielts Singapore| ielts/toefl Saudi Arabia| Nebosh certificate United Kingdom| Ielts certificate without Exam| Toefl Certificate without Test| ielts test online | ielts british council | ielts british council pakistan| AEO PAKISTAN | buy ielts certificate india | buy original ielts certificateReal IELTS speaking Test Questions | IELTS speaking band 7 india | IELTS speaking test samples with answers | IELTS speaking test samples questions/band 8 | IELTS speaking band 6 sample | Latest speaking topics for IELTS with answers | IELTS speaking band 7 sample | get ielts certificate without exam in pakistan| lost my ielts certificate |ielts certificate without exam in hyderabad |ielts certificate without exam in delhi

Email::::::::::­::::(ieltspte­online(at)gma­il(dot)com)

Skype ID::::::::::: ielts tips

WhatsApp::::::::::: +1(702) 718–7945

Gen-surp:::::::::::­(ieltstips(at)ou­tlook(dot)com)

buy-ielts-certificate-without-exams.busines­s.site/


          Comment on The Battle Of The Bluster by Elizabeth Miller      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Estonia's commitment to NATO is almost TWICE that of Germany's... Only as a percentage of GDP but, Germany contributes much more in terms of dollars. And, there is more to NATO contributions than just money.
          Comment on The Battle Of The Bluster by Michale      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Wanna chat about NATO?? https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/b1da96359e7e61b660922bcb2d96ee10bdc75e3a5b5930e7b1883bc450d54054.jpg?w=800&h=549 Many EU countries need to get their act together.. Estonia's commitment to NATO is almost TWICE that of Germany's... That's just sad...
          VIDEO | Rakvere lihakombinaadi juht avalikustab, mida nad töötajatele pakuvad      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Rakvere lihakombinaadi emafirma HKScan Estonia juhatuse esimees Anne Mere tunnistab, et töötajate leidmine ja hoidmine on üks suuremaid väljakutseid üldse.
          VIDEO | Berkley ülikooli õppejõud Talvo Rüütelmaa fotodest: USA-s seda juhtuda ei saaks      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Delfi Kroonika avaldas eile loo, milles Tallinna transpordiameti liikluskorralduse osakonna juhataja Talvo Rüütelmaa sattus fotoskandaali, kui avaldas Facebookis fotod, kus oli üleni musta värviga kaetud. Veebirühmitus "Salliv Eesti / Tolerant Estonia" juhtis Rüütelmaa fotodele tähelepanu öeldes, et tegemist on blackface'iga.
          SUA: Preşedintele Camerei Reprezentanţilor, Paul Ryan, spune că NATO este indispensabilă      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Preşedintele Camerei Reprezentanţilor a Congresului SUA, Paul Ryan, a spus miercuri că NATO este ''indispensabilă'', declaraţie care contrabalansează aprecierea preşedintelui american Donald Trump conform căreia Alianţa Nord-Atlantică este o organizaţie ''desuetă'', relatează dpa. ''Este importantă astăzi aşa cum a fost întotdeauna'', a declarat Ryan. Camera Reprezentanţilor va adopta în cursul zilei de miercuri o rezoluţie în sprijinul NATO. Senatul american a adoptat marţi o rezoluţie în favoarea Alianţei Nord-Atlantice. Documentul, având un caracter nonlegislativ, a fost adoptată cu 97 de voturi pentru şi două voturi împotrivă. ''Subscriu opiniei că nu ar trebui să ne criticăm preşedintele atunci când se află în străinătate'', a adăugat Paul Ryan. Solicitarea liderului de la Casa Albă ca toate ţările membre NATO să-şi respecte angajamentul de a aloca cel puţin 2% din PIB nu este de dată recent şi reprezintă un ecou al apelurilor fostului preşedinte Barack Obama şi secretarului general al NATO. Cele 29 de ţări membre NATO s-au angajat să aloce cel puţin 2% din PIB pentru cheltuielile lor de apărare, obiectiv având ca termen anul 2024. Până în prezent, patru state (Grecia, Estonia, Marea Britanie şi SUA) au atins acest nivel, iar alte patru - Lituania, Letonia, Polonia şi România - vor ajunge la el până la sfârşitul anului, a declarat marţi secretarul general al Alianţei Nord-Atlantice, Jens Stoltenberg. Acest dezechilibru îl nemulţumeşte pe Donald Trump, care consideră anormal ca Germania, prima economie europeană, să aloce apărării numai 1,24% din PIB. AGERPRES/(AS - autor: Tudor Martalogu, editor: Ionuţ Mareş, editor online: Gabriela Badea)
          El Atlético reinicia su ambición      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

El Atlético de Madrid 2018-19, el séptimo proyecto de la era Diego Simeone, entró esta tarde en acción con el inicio de la pretemporada, con su ambición de siempre, como un aspirante a todo, con la Supercopa de Europa ya a la vista y con el enorme desafío pendiente de la Liga de Campeones.

El Atlético reinicia su ambición

A las 19.30 horas, en la ciudad deportiva de Majadahonda, aún a la espera de más de medio equipo entre la participación mundialista de diez de sus futbolistas y los posibles ajustes que aún quedan en la plantilla para el nuevo curso, se puso en marcha con un amplio grupo de canteranos y el objetivo muy definido: competir por todo.

Ya están a las órdenes de Simeone el medio centro Rodrigo Hernández, 'Rodri', procedente del Villarreal, y el portero Antonio Adán, fichado del Betis -dos de las cuatro incorporaciones del equipo durante este verano-, además de otros ocho futbolistas que permanecen en el primer equipo para la nueva temporada.

Ese es el caso del guardameta Jan Oblak; los defensas Stefan Savic, que se ejercitó en el gimnasio dentro de su puesta a punto de la operación de pubalgia y hernia a la que se sometió al final de la pasada campaña, y Juanfran Torres; los centrocampistas Thomas Partey y Víctor Machín, 'Vitolo', y los delanteros Ángel Correa, Kevin Gameiro y Luciano Vietto, aunque estos dos últimos mantienen su futuro en el aire. El argentino vuelve de su cesión al Valencia.

Aún espera el Atlético a medio equipo, los diez mundialistas, que se irán sumando de forma escalonada a los entrenamientos en las próximas fechas: los franceses y finalistas Antoine Griezmann, Lucas Hernández y Thomas Lemar; los españoles Koke Resurrección, Saúl Ñíguez y Diego Costa; los uruguayos Diego Godín y José María Giménez; el croata Sime Vrsaljko y el brasileño Filipe Luis.

Ante esas ausencias, Simeone ha citado para los primeros días de preparación a 17 canteranos: los porteros San Román y Dos Santos; los defensas Solano, Aitor Puñal, Montero, Alberto Rodríguez, 'Tachi', Manny Alexander y Carlos Isaac; los medios Toni Moya, Mikel Carro, Roberto Olabe, Víctor Mollejo, Óscar Pinchi y Joaquín Muñoz; y los delanteros Borja Garcés, Sergio Camello y Cédric.

En el horizonte, la Supercopa de Europa. Es el primero de los retos que propone la nueva temporada al Atlético, campeón de la Liga Europa el pasado 16 de mayo, de vacaciones desde seis días más tarde, después de la disputa de un amistoso en Nigeria, y de vuelta mes y medio después para poner en marcha cada uno de sus mecanismos: el físico, el técnico y el táctico, de tanta transcendencia siempre.

El 15 de agosto en Tallin (Estonia) entrará en competición contra el Real Madrid por el primer título de la campaña, en el duelo entre el ganador de la Liga Europa contra el vencedor de la Liga de Campeones, un derbi que traspasa fronteras, el más grande sin duda en la actualidad mundial. Ahí dirige ya el foco el equipo.

Hasta entonces, además de los entrenamientos habituales de la pretemporada en Majadahonda o la novedosa concentración en los Alpes a principios de agosto -este verano el conjunto rojiblanco no hará su habitual periodo de preparación en Los Ángeles de San Rafael, en la sierra segoviana-, el Atlético tiene cerrados cuatro amistosos.

Los dos primeros serán en Singapur, dentro de la Internacional Champions Cup. Ahí se trasladará el equipo la última semana de julio para enfrentarse primero al Arsenal, el 26, y después al París Saint Germain, cuatro días después. El 6 de agosto jugará con el Stuttgart en la ciudad alemana y el 11 de ese mes, en el último duelo previo a la Supercopa, recibirá al Inter de Milán en el Wanda Metropolitano.

Por delante, además del derbi en Tallin, tres competiciones más: la Liga, la Copa del Rey y la Liga de Campeones, este último el anhelo y la mayor ambición del Atlético en los últimos tiempos, desde las dos finales perdidas con el Real Madrid en Lisboa, en 2014, y en Milán, en 2016, y aún más esta campaña, porque la final de la competición se disputará en su propio estadio.

EFE/ MF

Categoria: 

          In Which the Author Gently Explains NATO       Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   
Currently much of the world is engrossed in the World Cup giving little if any thought to the NATO conference also in session today.    Both are equally as feisty.  Even though, so far, no NATO members have collapsed writhing in agony in an aisle unlike some of the more diva-like soccer players on the field.  Watching the grimaces of pain, the writhing bodies one wonders if the players actually have a secret contest going - something like the Oscars - with an award  awarded at a dinner at the end of the season.

Translating what the North American Treaty Organization (NATO) does makes more sense to me looking at it as a club that is devoted to defending members from enemies for a fee.  Mafia and protection racquets come to mind for some reason.

Some 28 or 29 countries - big and small - have banded together to provide personnel from their own military forces in the defense of smaller, more defenseless countries.  Their dues to be included in this program are an annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of 2 per cent (2%).

Obviously the bigger countries are going to give the most and the little ones - Romania, Latvia, Bulgaria , Slovenia are getting a bargain for their comparatively meager input.

At issue this go-around is the fact that only five (5) countries are in good stead with their dues.  The US (overly generous say some) pays in 3.61 percent.  Greece, Britain, Estonia and Poland all give just a little bit more than 2 per cent.  What surprised me was that Canada pays 0.99 per cent  and clearly relies on America to keep an eye out for them if Kim John Un miscalculates and takes out half of Western Canada.  Clearly they need a brick through a window to get their attention and then cause them to pony up with a threat of a veritable rain of bricks through windows.   During office hours.

So far, in some 40 years of US participation in "Mercenaries R Us" no US President  has gone after the low and slow payers until now.  Lo these many years, the Little-ies have lolled in deck chairs in the sand, and waved an idle hand at the Payment Due notices.

I say make'em pay.  Make them deposit what they owe for 2017 to start and deposit it in the NATO Receipts box and go back to active status.  Clearly it hasn't occurred to these countrys' bosses that slow payments may well result in slow service.

"Sorry to hear that, Spain (0.91) Belgium (0.85) Luxembourg (0.44) (aside to aide de camp "Such and such was attacked by a troop of Girl Scouts and needs bulldozers to move all of the boxes of cookies off of the roads - oh?  what's that?  (country)  hasn't paid in since 1946?"  Back to phone, "Sorry I think we have a bad connection.  Good luck with whatever it was you wanted.  Call back when you are free and clear of your debt to NATO.  Until then - good luck."  Seems reasonable to me.  Fair is fair - they are in breach of contract as they stand now which should make any "contract" null and void.   Mercenaries all over the world would rejoice.  "We're working again!"
          Nude art 8x12 PAPER parchment ink painting - figure sketch by 5erg      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

48.00 USD

Abstract figure sketch.

Ink painting on PAPER, done with a brush.
Size: 8,3 x 11,6 inches (21x29,5 cm)

Made in and ships from Estonia, North-Europe, European Union.

Other FIGURE SKETCH paintings and drawings from the shop:
http://www.etsy.com/shop/5erg/search?search_query=nude

-----------
The package ships from Estonia which is in North Europe, European Union, so it's a long and exciting journey across the world, measured in weeks. More specific shipping info is listed in the shop announcement on the front page of www.5erg.etsy.com and on the policies page.

If You have any questions, problems or suggestions, don't hesitate to write me via etsy or email: siljaerg [!at] gmail.com :)

Follow updates and info about new artwork and craftwork:
http://instagram.com/5erg_artworks
http://facebook.com/SiljaErgArt
http://twitter.com/SiljaErg
http://doodlewithgluegun.deviantart.com

Thank You for visiting www.5Erg.etsy.com !
Come back soon!


          Nude painting 8x12 canvas sheet 21x30cm - figure drawing - Purple by 5erg      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

48.00 USD

Ink painting on a canvas sheet, painted with a brush.
Size: 8,3 x 11,6 inches (21x29,5 cm)

Made in and ships from Estonia, North-Europe, European Union.

Other FIGURE SKETCH paintings and drawings from the shop:
http://www.etsy.com/shop/5erg/search?search_query=nude

-----------
The package ships from Estonia which is in North Europe, European Union, so it's a long and exciting journey across the world, measured in weeks. More specific shipping info is listed in the shop announcement on the front page of www.5erg.etsy.com and on the policies page.

If You have any questions, problems or suggestions, don't hesitate to write me via etsy or email: siljaerg [!at] gmail.com :)

Follow updates and info about new artwork and craftwork:
http://instagram.com/5erg_artworks
http://facebook.com/SiljaErgArt
http://twitter.com/SiljaErg
http://doodlewithgluegun.deviantart.com

Thank You for visiting www.5Erg.etsy.com !
Come back soon!


          Nude painting 8x12 canvas sheet 21x30cm - figure drawing - Blue by 5erg      Cache   Translate Page   Web Page Cache   

48.00 USD

Ink painting on a canvas sheet, painted with a brush.
Size: 8,3 x 11,6 inches (21x29,5 cm)

Made in and ships from Estonia, North-Europe, European Union.

Other FIGURE SKETCH paintings and drawings from the shop:
http://www.etsy.com/shop/5erg/search?search_query=nude

-----------
The package ships from Estonia which is in North Europe, European Union, so it's a long and exciting journey across the world, measured in weeks. More specific shipping info is listed in the shop announcement on the front page of www.5erg.etsy.com and on the policies page.

If You have any questions, problems or suggestions, don't hesitate to write me via etsy or email: siljaerg [!at] gmail.com :)

Follow updates and info about new artwork and craftwork:
http://instagram.com/5erg_artworks
http://facebook.com/SiljaErgArt
http://twitter.com/SiljaErg
http://doodlewithgluegun.deviantart.com

Thank You for visiting www.5Erg.etsy.com !
Come back soon!




Next Page: 10000

Site Map 2018_01_14
Site Map 2018_01_15
Site Map 2018_01_16
Site Map 2018_01_17
Site Map 2018_01_18
Site Map 2018_01_19
Site Map 2018_01_20
Site Map 2018_01_21
Site Map 2018_01_22
Site Map 2018_01_23
Site Map 2018_01_24
Site Map 2018_01_25
Site Map 2018_01_26
Site Map 2018_01_27
Site Map 2018_01_28
Site Map 2018_01_29
Site Map 2018_01_30
Site Map 2018_01_31
Site Map 2018_02_01
Site Map 2018_02_02
Site Map 2018_02_03
Site Map 2018_02_04
Site Map 2018_02_05
Site Map 2018_02_06
Site Map 2018_02_07
Site Map 2018_02_08
Site Map 2018_02_09
Site Map 2018_02_10
Site Map 2018_02_11
Site Map 2018_02_12
Site Map 2018_02_13
Site Map 2018_02_14
Site Map 2018_02_15
Site Map 2018_02_15
Site Map 2018_02_16
Site Map 2018_02_17
Site Map 2018_02_18
Site Map 2018_02_19
Site Map 2018_02_20
Site Map 2018_02_21
Site Map 2018_02_22
Site Map 2018_02_23
Site Map 2018_02_24
Site Map 2018_02_25
Site Map 2018_02_26
Site Map 2018_02_27
Site Map 2018_02_28
Site Map 2018_03_01
Site Map 2018_03_02
Site Map 2018_03_03
Site Map 2018_03_04
Site Map 2018_03_05
Site Map 2018_03_06
Site Map 2018_03_07
Site Map 2018_03_08
Site Map 2018_03_09
Site Map 2018_03_10
Site Map 2018_03_11
Site Map 2018_03_12
Site Map 2018_03_13
Site Map 2018_03_14
Site Map 2018_03_15
Site Map 2018_03_16
Site Map 2018_03_17
Site Map 2018_03_18
Site Map 2018_03_19
Site Map 2018_03_20
Site Map 2018_03_21
Site Map 2018_03_22
Site Map 2018_03_23
Site Map 2018_03_24
Site Map 2018_03_25
Site Map 2018_03_26
Site Map 2018_03_27
Site Map 2018_03_28
Site Map 2018_03_29
Site Map 2018_03_30
Site Map 2018_03_31
Site Map 2018_04_01
Site Map 2018_04_02
Site Map 2018_04_03
Site Map 2018_04_04
Site Map 2018_04_05
Site Map 2018_04_06
Site Map 2018_04_07
Site Map 2018_04_08
Site Map 2018_04_09
Site Map 2018_04_10
Site Map 2018_04_11
Site Map 2018_04_12
Site Map 2018_04_13
Site Map 2018_04_14
Site Map 2018_04_15
Site Map 2018_04_16
Site Map 2018_04_17
Site Map 2018_04_18
Site Map 2018_04_19
Site Map 2018_04_20
Site Map 2018_04_21
Site Map 2018_04_22
Site Map 2018_04_23
Site Map 2018_04_24
Site Map 2018_04_25
Site Map 2018_04_26
Site Map 2018_04_27
Site Map 2018_04_28
Site Map 2018_04_29
Site Map 2018_04_30
Site Map 2018_05_01
Site Map 2018_05_02
Site Map 2018_05_03
Site Map 2018_05_04
Site Map 2018_05_05
Site Map 2018_05_06
Site Map 2018_05_07
Site Map 2018_05_08
Site Map 2018_05_09
Site Map 2018_05_15
Site Map 2018_05_16
Site Map 2018_05_17
Site Map 2018_05_18
Site Map 2018_05_19
Site Map 2018_05_20
Site Map 2018_05_21
Site Map 2018_05_22
Site Map 2018_05_23
Site Map 2018_05_24
Site Map 2018_05_25
Site Map 2018_05_26
Site Map 2018_05_27
Site Map 2018_05_28
Site Map 2018_05_29
Site Map 2018_05_30
Site Map 2018_05_31
Site Map 2018_06_01
Site Map 2018_06_02
Site Map 2018_06_03
Site Map 2018_06_04
Site Map 2018_06_05
Site Map 2018_06_06
Site Map 2018_06_07
Site Map 2018_06_08
Site Map 2018_06_09
Site Map 2018_06_10
Site Map 2018_06_11
Site Map 2018_06_12
Site Map 2018_06_13
Site Map 2018_06_14
Site Map 2018_06_15
Site Map 2018_06_16
Site Map 2018_06_17
Site Map 2018_06_18
Site Map 2018_06_19
Site Map 2018_06_20
Site Map 2018_06_21
Site Map 2018_06_22
Site Map 2018_06_23
Site Map 2018_06_24
Site Map 2018_06_25
Site Map 2018_06_26
Site Map 2018_06_27
Site Map 2018_06_28
Site Map 2018_06_29
Site Map 2018_06_30
Site Map 2018_07_01
Site Map 2018_07_02
Site Map 2018_07_03
Site Map 2018_07_04
Site Map 2018_07_05
Site Map 2018_07_06
Site Map 2018_07_07
Site Map 2018_07_08
Site Map 2018_07_09
Site Map 2018_07_10
Site Map 2018_07_11