Sejarah Freemasonry   

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Freemasonry adalah organisasi Yahudi Internasional, sekaligus merupakan gerakan rahasia paling besar dan palling berpengaruh di seluruh dunia. Freemasonry terdiri dari dua kata yang di satukan. Free artinya bebas atau merdeka, sedangkan Mason adalah juru bangun atau pembangun.
Tujuan akhir dari gerakan Freemason ini adalah membangun kembali cita-cita khayalan mereka, yakni mendirikan Haikal Sulaiman atau Solomon Temple.



Tentang Haikal Sulaiman atau Solomon Temple ini sendiri banyak sumber yang mendefinisikan berlainan. Salah satu tafsir yang paling populer adalah, bahwa Haikal Sulaiman berada di tanah yang kini di atasnya berdiri Masjidil Aqsha.
Mereka meyakini, tahun 1012 Sebelum Masehi (SM), Nabi Sulaiman membangun Haikal di atas Gunung Soraya di wilayah Palestina. Tapi pada tahun 586 SM, Raja Nebukhadnezar dari Babilonia menghancurkan Haikal Sulaiman ini. Tahun 533 SM, bangunan ini didirikan kembali oleh seorang bernama Zulbabil yang telah bebas dari tawanan Babilonia. Atas kebebasannya itulah, ia membangun kembali Haikal Sulaiman.
Pada tahun ke 70 M, seorang penguasa Romawi menaklukkan Palestina dan membakar serta menghancurkan Haikal Sulaiman ini. Kerusakan terus-menerus dialami setelah penyerbuan Bangsa Hadriyan. Begitu pula saat kekuasaan Muslim, konon Haikal Sulaiman di hancurkan dan sebagai gantinya didirikan Masjidil Aqsha pada abad ke-7.
Tapi tafsir lain tentang hal ini juga mengartikan Haikal Sulaiman juga sebagai wilayah kekuasan yang luas membentang. Bahkan ada yang menariknya hingga sampai wilayah Khaibar, saat kaum Yahudi diusir di zaman Rasulullah Muhammad. Karena itu, mereka meyakini harus menguasai seluruh dunia, bahkan hingga tanah Khaibar, tempat mereka terusir dahulu karena penghianatanya pada Rasulullah dan piagam Madinah.
Dan untuk itulah mereka bekerja dan membangun, yaitu untuk merebut Haikal Sulaiman dan mendirikan kekuasannya secara nyata, serta mempengaruhi pemerintahan dan kekuasan yang mampu mereka pengaruhi. Dan untuk menebar kekuasaan itu, salah satu rintangan besar yang dihadapi oleh gerakan ini adalah agama-agama, terutama agama Samawi atau agama-agama wahyu, Kristen dan Islam.
Sebelum kaum muslimin sadar tentang bahaya gerakan Freemason, perlawanan terhadap organisasi ini terlebih dulu dilakukan oleh kalangan pemimpin gereja. Perlawanan gereja Katholik ini terjadi karena Freemason telah menjadi organisasi tempat berkumpulnya kaum anti-agama. Dalam sebuah artikel berjudul The Earlier Period Of Freemasonry yang di Mimar Sinan, turki, Freemason disebut sebagai tempat berkumpul para anggota Mason yang mencari kebenaran di luar gereja. Dan ini menjadikan awal abad-18 sebagai tahun-tahun yang penuh pertarungan antara gereja Katholik dengan Freemason di Eropa. Sejak awal berdirinya, Fremason telah menyokong kebebasan beragama, sama persis dengan yang terjadi belakangan ini di berbagai negara, liberalisasi keagamaan.
Freemason berdiri di Inggris secara resmi pada tahun 1717. Tapi tampaknya, sebelum tahun itu pun, Freemasonry telah eksis. Bahkan sejak abad sebelumnya. Tahun 1641, seorang keluarga kerajaan Inggris, Robert Moray tercatat sebagai anggota cabang Freemason di Edinburg, tepatnya 20 Mei 1641. nama lain yang juga tercatat sebagai anggota Freemason sebelum tahun 1717 adalah Elias Ashmole tercatat sebagai anggota Freemasonry di Lanchasire pada 16 Oktober 1646. Dan ia juga salah seorang dari royal family atau keluarga kerajaan.
Dari catatan di atas, sebetulnya bisa ditarik kesimpulan bahwa tahun 1717 hanya tahun pemantapan saja dari tahap-tahap yang telah dilakukan oleh gerakan Freemson. Tahun ini dijadikan sebagai tahun ekspansi untuk melakukan dan menancapkan pengaruh mereka di seluruh dunia.
Tahun 1717 ini dijadikan sebagai tonggak bagi Freemason unuk memulai perangnya yang akan sangat panjang kepada umat beragama dan kepada agama itu sendiri. Seorang kepala gereja protestan di London yang bernama Anderson dan berdarah Yahudi menjadi motor penggeraknya pada 24 Juni 1717. Pada momentum inilah Freemason mendirikan Grand Lodge of England dengan menggabungkan empat lodge menjadi satu.
Banyak sumber Freemason menjelaskan bahwa sejarah berdirinya gerakan ini berakar jauh dan bisa dilacak hingga ke masa Ordo Knight of Templar saat perang Salib di Yerusalem, Palestina. Saat Paus Urbanus II, tahun 1095, usai Konsili Clermont menyerukan Perang Suci atau Crusade dan memobilisasi kaum Kristiani di seluruh Eropa untuk turut berperang merebut Yerusalem kembali dari kekuasaan Muslim. Paus Urbanus II membakar emosi massa dengan cara mengabarkan kabar bohong. Ia mengatakan umat Kristen di Palestina telah dibunuh, dibantai dan dibakar di dalam gereja-gereja oleh pasukan Turki Seljuk yang Muslim. Ia juga membakar kemarahan kaum Kristiani dengan mengatakan bahwa kaum kafir (Muslim Turki, pen.) telah dan sedang menguasai makam Yesus Kristus.
Paus UrbanusII menyerukan agar seluruh pertikaian yang terjadi selama ini antar pemeluk dan kesatrian Kristen harus diakhiri, karena ada musuh yang lebih berbahaya dan harus segera dihancurakan: Islam dan kaum Muslimin. Ia juga mengiming-iming dengan bujukan surgawi, bahwa siapa yang berangkat ke medan perang kan dibebaskan dari seluruh dosa dan di jamin akan mendapat surga. Hasilnya, ribuan kaum Kristiani berangkat menuju Palestina dengan kemarahan. Dan setibanya di sana, terjadi pembantaian besar-besaran atas penduduk Yerussalem dan Palestina.
Selama dua hari penyerbuan terjadi pembantaian yang tak bisa diterima akal sehat dan rasa kemanusiaan. Sebanyak 40.000 penduduk Palestina terbantai. Beberapa sejarawan menggambarkan, saat itu darah menggenangi tanah Yerusalem. Ada yang menyebut darah menggenang setinggi mata kaki, bahkan ada yang menggambarkan darah menggenang hingga lutut manusia dewasa. Tentara berperang dengan motivasi mendapatkan emas dan permata, dan juga banyak para kesatria Prancis tercatat membelah perut korban-korban mereka. Merka mencari emas atau permata yang kemungkinan di telan penduduk Palestina sebagai upaya penyelamatan harta.
Setelah mereka menguasai tanah Palestina, pasukan Salib yang terdiri dari banyak unsur mulai mendirikan kelompoknya masing-masing. Mereka tergabung dalam ordo-ordo tertentu. Para anggota ordo ini datang dari seluruh tanah Eropa, yang ditampung di biara-biara tertentu dan berlatih cara-cara militer di dalam biara tersebut. Dan satu dari sekian ordo yang sangat mencuat namanya adalah Ordo Knight of Templar.
Knight of Templar juga disebut sebagai tentara miskin Pengikut Yesus Kristus dan Kuil Sulaiman. Disebut miskin karena tergambar dari logo yang mereka gunakan, seperti dua tentara yang menunggang seekor keledai. Untuk menunjukkan bahwa mereka miskin, sampai-sampai satu keledai harus dinaiki dua orang tentara Knight of Templar. Bahkan tercatat, mereka dipaksa untuk makan tiga kali saja dalam semingu. Sedangkan nama Kuil Sulaiman mereka pakai karena mereka menjadikan markas mereka yang dipercayai sebagai situs runtuhnya Kuil Sulaiman atau Solomon Temple. Tapi sesungguhnya, pemilihan markas di bukit ini bukan sebuah kebetulan yang bersifat geografis semata, karena para pendiri ordo Knight of Templar sesunguhnya punya cirta-cita sendiri untuk mengembalikan kejayaan dan berdirinya Kuil Sulaiman sebagai tempat suci kaum Yahudi atau tempatnya kaum Mason. Sepanjang bisa terlacak, pendiri ordo ini adalah dua kesatria Prancis, yaitu Hugh de Pavens dan God frey de St Omer. Spekulasi dari kalangan sejarawan mengatakan, bahwa ada darah-darah Yahudi yang mengalir dalam tubuh dan cita-cita para pendiri Ordo Knigh of Templar. Para perwira tinggi Kristen tersebut, sesungguhnya proses convertion yang mereka lakukan hanyalah cara untuk menyelamatkan diri, dan sesungguhnya mereka masih berpegang teguh pada doktrin-doktrin Yahudi, terutama Kabbalah.
Meski mereka menamakan diri sebagai tentara miskin, sesunguhnya mereka tidak miskin sama sekali. Atau setidaknya, masa miskin itu hanya mereka rasakan di awal-awal berdirinya Knight of Templars. Dalam waktu yang singkat mereka mampu menjadi sangat kaya raya dengan jalan melakukan kontrol penuh terhadap peziarah Eropa yang datang ke Palestiana. Salah satunya adalah dengan cara merekrut anak-anak muda putra para bangsawan Eropa yang tentu saja akan melengkapi anak mereka dengan perbekalan dana yang seolah tak pernah kering jumlahnya. Mereka juga disebut sebagai perintis sistem perbankan pertama pada abad pertengahan.
Saat itu banyak orang-orang Eropa yang ingin pindah atau setidaknya berziarah ke Palestina. Dan tentu saja perjalanan yang jauh dari Eropa memerlukan bekal yang tidak sedikit. Ada yang membawa seluruh harta mereka dalam perjalanan, tapi karena tentara Salib disepanjang perjalanan hidup dalam kondisi ayng sangat mengenaskan dan mereka sangat tergiur oleh harta kekayaan, tidak jarang terjadi perampokan bahkan saling bunuh antar orang Kristen disepanjang perjalanan menuju Palestian. Lalu ditemukan cara, para peziarah tidak perlu membawa harta mereka dalam perjalanan. Mereka hanya perlu menitipkannya pada sebuah perwakilan Templar di Eropa, mencatat dan menghitung nilainya dan mereka berangkat ke Palestina berbekal catatan nilai harta yang nantinya akan ditukarkan dengan nilai uang yang sama di Palestina. Gerakan ini banyak didominasi oleh Ordo Knight of Templar yang membuat mereka sangat kaya raya karena mendapat keuntungan dari sistem bunga yang mereka kembangkan. Dan inilah embrio atau cikal bakal perbankan yang kita keanl sekarang.
Markas Knight of Templar di Prancis menjadi rumah penghimpunan harta terbesar di Eropa. Lambat laun mereka menjadi bankir bagi para Paus dan Raja. Bagaimana tidak cepat kaya, setiap tahunyya King Henry II of England mendonasikan uang untuk menanggung biaya hidup 15.000 tentara Knight of Templar dan juga Knight Hospitaler selama mereka berperang dalam Perang Salib di tahun 1170. Untuk menggambarkan betapa besarnya institusi perbankan yang dijalankan Templar, pada saat itu organisasi ini memiliki 7.000 pegawai lebih hanya untuk mengurusi masalah keuangan. Mereka juga memiliki tak kurang dari 870 istana, kastil, dan rumah-rumah para bangsawan yang terbentang dari London hingga Yerusalem.
Karena ordo ini sangat berkuasa, lambat laun mereka mulai menampakkan ciri aslinya, yakni sebagai penganut Mason. Mereka mengembangkan doktrin dan ajaran mistik, juga kekuatan sihir di biara-biara mereka. Mereka memuja setan dan mendatangkan roh-roh untuk berkomunikasi. Apa yang mereka praktikkan ini disebut sebagai Kabbalah, sebuah tradisi mistik Yahudi kuno yang telah berkembang bahkan sejak zaman sebelum Fir’aun.
Mengetahui hal ini, Raja Prancis Philip le Bel, pada tahun 1307 mengeluarkan seruan untuk menangkap dan membubarkan ordo Knight of Templar karena dituduh telah melakukan bid’ah. Dalam perkembangannya, Paus Clement V turut bergabung untuk memerangi kaum Mason ini dengan mengeluarkan kembali vonis inquisisi. Terjadi banyak penangkapan dan interogasi, dan beberapa pimpinan Ordo Knight of Templar yang bergelar Grand Master (penyebutan ini masih dipakai sebagai tingkat tertinggi dalam gerakan Freemasonry sampai sekarang, pen) ikut menjadi korban. Dari beberapa penangkapan dan interograsi didapatkan keterangan bahwa anggota-anggota Templar telah melakukan kejahatan seksual terhadap beberapa perempuan bangsawan, melakukan sodomi, menyembah kucing, memakan daging teman-teman mereka sendiri yang sudah mati. Bahkan salah seorang saksi mata mengatakan, para Templar memperkosa perawan-perawan hingga hamil dan bayinya dibunuh dengan cara yang sadis untuk kemudian di bakar dan diambil minyaknya, dijadikan minyak suci untuk persembahan para pemimpin mereka.
Pada tahun 1307, Raja Philip IV memerintahkan penangkapan Jacques de Molay. Dan setelah melalui penyiksaan demi penyiksaan, de Molay mengakui segala ritual bid’ah yang dilakukan oleh Ordo Templar. Pada tahun 1312, Ordo Knight of Templar dilarang dan dibubarkan. Dan atas perintah Gereja dan Raja , dua tahun kemudian, yaitu pada tahun 1314, para pimpinan Templar dihukum mati, termasuk Jacques de Molay, salah satu Grand Master terpenting Ordo Templar. Jacques de Molay sendiri divonis sebagai heretic (bid’ah) atau kafir dan dihukum dengan cara dibakar hidup-hidup di depan raja Philip IV. Dan sebelum menghembuskan napasnya, de Molay mengeluarkan kata-kata bahwa Raja Philip dan Paus Clement harus mengikutinya, mati, dalam waktu satu tahun. Dan sejarah mencatat, Raja Philip IV meninggal tujuh bulan kemudian, disusul Paus Clement sebulan setelah Raja Philip mangkat.
Setelah itu terjadi pemusnahan besar-besaran, sekali lagi atas kaum Yahudi, dan kali ini bermula dengan kasus Knight of Templar atau kaum Mason. Pemusnahan ini tak hanya terjadi di Palestina, tapi juga terjadi di Eropa. Mereka diburu untuk ditangkap dan dibunuh. Sampai akhirnya mereka berhasil melarikan diri dan mendapat perlindungan dari Raja Skotlandia, Robert The Bruce yang dilantik dan menduduki singgasana Raja pada tahun 1306. Dan di tanah baru ini pula mereka menyusun kekuatan kembali. Dan Skotlandia menjadi salah satu yang menentukan dalam perkembangan gerakan Freemason.
Versi yang lebih tua dari sejarah Freemason adalah kisah yang menyebutkan pembentukan Freemasonry pada zaman Raja Israel, Herodes Agripa I yang meninggal pada tahun 44 Masehi. Freemason pada zaman ini dibentuk untuk membendung ajaran agama yang disampaikan oleh Nabi Isa as. Konon waktu itu namanya The Secret Power atau kekutan yang Tersembunyi.
Tujuan utamanya adalah memusuhi pengikut Nabi Isa, menculik mereka, membunuh, melarang penyebaran agama baru tersebut, termasuk membunuhi baya-bayi Kristen. Tapi, berkenaan dengan segala kesadisan yang dilakukan Herodes ini, para sejarawan dunia, meyakini bahwa hal tersebut hanyalah mitos belaka dalam tradisi agama Kristen. Herodes Agripa I menjalankan segala misi The Secret Power ini dibantu dua pengikut setianya, Heram Abioud sebagai Wakil Presiden gerakan dan Moab Leumi sebagai pemegang rahasia utama gerakan ini. Tapi beberapa anggota Freemason juaga mempercayai dan menarik sejauh mungkin sejarah mereka ke masa lalu, bahkan hingga ke zaman Fir’aun. Itu pula yang menjadi salah satu penjelasan mengapa mereka kerap kali menggunakan simbol-simbol Mesir Kuno dalam tradisi dan aktivitas ritual mereka, seperti penggunaan Dewa Horus, Piramida, Matahari dan berbagai simbol Mesir lainnya. Penggunaan ini bermula dari penggalian Kuil Sulaiman oleh para Templa dan penemuan doktrin dan ajaran Kabbalah yang terus-menerus mereka eksplorasi dan diajarkan dari mulut ke mulut. Penggalian ini begitu serius mereka lakukan sehingga kelak akan mempengaruhi cara pandang kaum Templar dan juga rencana mereka pada kehidupan dunia.
Bahkan yang cukup mengejutkan adalah, dalam manuskrip-manuskrip kuno Mason dikatakan, orang pertama Mason adalah Adam! Kejadian itu berawal ketika Adam dan Hawa memakan daun dari pohon terlarang di taman surga. Daun yang disebut sebagia daun pengetahuan, dan karena itu pula Tuhan mereka melarang mereka memakannya. Dr.Albert Mackei, seorang anggota Mason dengan tingkatan 33 derajat dalam Encyclopedia of Freemasonry manuliskan, daun pengetahuan itu kelak diturunkan pada dua anak Adam dan Hawa, Seth dan Nimrod dengan kisah The Tower of Babel. Kedua anak ini pula menyusun bahasa untuk ilmu pengetahuan yang akan diturunkan kepada manusia-manusia berikutnya. Tapi, dalam perkamen-perkamen tua itu disebutkan bahwa, Tuhan dengan sengaja mengacaukan bahasa manusia yang mengakibatkan rahasia ilmu pengetahuan, yang diturunkan Adam dengan memakan daun dari pohon terlarang, hilang dan tak diketahui manusia-manusia setelah Seth dan Nimrod. Dan itu pula yang menjadi alasan kedua kaum ini memerangi Tuhan.
Bahkan menurut Talmud, setan-setan adalah keturunan dari Adam dan Hawa. Setelah Adam diusir dari surga, ia enggan mencampuri istrinya, Hawa. Dan pada saat itulah, dua setan perempuan mendatanggi Adam yang langsung digauli keduanya oleh Adam. Dalam Talmud disebutkan, Adam menggauli setan perempuan bernama Lelet selama lebih dari 130 tahun lamanya dan melahirkan banyak anak-anak setan begitu pula dengan Hawa selama ditinggal oleh Adam, Hawa juga digauli oleh setan laki-laki dan melahirkan banyak anak setan.

http://sejarah.kompasiana.com/2012/03/14/sejarah-freemasonry/


          

Re: John Mcguiness   

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You need to purchase Ellen's marriage certificate to confirm her mother's maiden surname. You also need to purchase the birth certificate of her youngest sibling which will list all previous issue, parents' date and place of marriage and birthplaces and ages for both. I think that is Daniel:

Birth
20661 / 1861

MCGINNESS, Daniel
SPRING HILL
Ann HYDE
John MCGINNESS

From Trove:

6 March 1942
HYNES - On March 3, at her residence, 40 Charles street, East Brighton (late of Shepparton), Ellen, beloved wife of the late John and loved sister of the late Mrs. E. J.
Daly, John McGuinness (deceased), William (deceased), James (deceased), Edward (de-
ceased), and Daniel (Cairns, Queensland) aged 90 years —R.I.P.

8 Feb 1908
McGUINNESS - On the 2nd February, at his daughter's residence, Alderford, Shepparton, John McGuinness, dearly beloved father of Mrs. E. J.Daly, Mrs. Hynes, W. J. McGuinness (of Shepparton), James McGuinness (of Wangaratta), and D. H. K. McGuinness (of lrvinebank, Queensland), aged 87. Colonist of 73 years. R.I.P.

Death
3833 / 1908
MCGUINNESS, Jno
Shepparton
Mother's name: Julia MARTHA
Father's Name: Patrick McGUINNESS

It looks like John's mother Julia died in 1870 aged 96.
          

Re: David Pulaski Todd in Poughkeepsie, NY   

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Kendra,
Could you send Richard McMurtry the information you have on the descendants of David Pulaksi Todd? (RMcMurtry@Baymoon.com).

We are in the process of getting a second DNA sample from a desc of John R. Todd to compare with the same we have from Robert Todd (both sons of Robert Todd md 1770 Elizabeth Vervalen (sp?) who originally came from Somerset County New Jersey as documented on his marriage record which says he was born in Raritan, a region in New Jersey that includes Somerset Co.

here's what he has:
? 3 Walter Scott Todd b: 23 AUG 1807 r Oneida Co NY 1850; 1870 Walter w
son Jay b 1843
+ Almira Risley b 1815
D Pulaski b 1836 md 1860 Fannie Nichols Madison Co IN
Emma J b 1861 Binghamton, IN
Charles W b 1862 Vernon (Oneida)

          

Casa mobiliada à venda Jardim Veneza II   

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174000
Residência mobiliada medindo aprox. 70m², contendo 3 quartos com móveis planejados (sendo 1 quarto com closet), sala de estar, cozinha, área de serviço, BWC social e 2 vagas de garagem.* Aquecimento a gás. Terreno medindo aprox. 200m²
3 dormitórios 1 banheiros 200 m2 870 BRL/m² mobiliado jardim
Fri, 04 Oct 2019 17:06:13 +0200
          

(Buffalo) Remington 870 turkey setup - $ 400   

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Remington 870 12guage. Set up for turkey hunting,camo shurshot stock,Carlson 24" vent rib barrel,Simmons 2x32 pro diamond scope with camo b-square mount and primos tight wad extra full choke.
          

(Buffalo) Remington 870 20" barrel - $ 100   

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Remington 870 20" smooth bore deer barrel. For sale or trade for 26" vent ribbed barrel
          

2012 Cross Roads Sunset Trail 26ft RV Travel Trailer with 1 Slide Out- $17830   

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Stock #: BC0031870 - VIN: 4V0TC2522CB016743 - 2012 Cross Roads Sunset Trail 26ft RV Travel Trailer with 1 Slide Out, white ... 
Used  >  Autos  >  RVs, Campers & Motor Homes

          

why does my member tension capacity become zero? can anyone help me to chec what is the problem?   

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STAAD SPACE DXF IMPORT OF TUNNEL STEEL FORMWORK (REV 2).DXF
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 17-Sep-19
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 2.90039 -0.000419; 2 0 2.84039 -0.584973; 3 0 2.66401 -1.1459;
4 0 2.3781 -1.65971; 5 0 1.99443 -2.10529; 6 0 1.52876 -2.46432;
7 0 1.00025 -2.72204; 8 0 0.430612 -2.86785; 9 0 -0.00338 -2.89836;
10 0 2.84039 0.584973; 11 0 2.66401 1.1459; 12 0 2.3781 1.65971;
13 0 1.52876 2.46432; 14 0 1.99443 2.10529; 15 0 1.00025 2.72204;
16 0 0.430612 2.86785; 17 0 -0.156727 2.89576; 18 0 0.000495 2.88829;
19 0 -0.737514 2.80465; 20 0 -1.28799 2.59828; 21 0 -1.78554 2.28514;
22 0 -2.04087 2.04011; 23 0 -0.73777 -2.80459; 24 0 -0.156727 -2.89576;
25 0 -1.28847 -2.59805; 26 0 -1.78617 -2.28465; 27 0 -2.2104 -1.87727;
28 0 -2.04074 -2.04028; 29 0 -2.20971 1.87808; 35 0 2.04616 -2.04996;
36 0 2.04598 2.04543; 37 -1.2 0.430612 -2.86785; 38 -1 0.430612 -2.86785;
39 -0.2 0.000802 -0.001272; 40 -0.2 0.342949 -0.000418;
41 -0.2 0.242592 -0.24285; 42 -0.2 2.04598 2.04543; 43 -0.2 1.80366 1.80313;
44 -0.2 -0.0012 -1.00042; 45 -0.2 -0.242483 -0.243062;
46 -0.2 -2.04087 2.04011; 47 -0.2 -1.79832 1.79758; 48 -0.2 0.000327 1.99958;
49 -0.2 0.000138 0.999582; 50 -0.2 -0.002348 -2.00042;
51 -0.2 -0.002922 -2.50042; 52 -0.2 -0.003377 -2.89641;
53 -1.6 0.000803 -0.001259; 54 -1.6 -0.000621 -0.500418;
55 -1.6 0.000495 2.88829; 56 -1.6 0.000401 2.38829; 57 -1.6 -0.00176 -1.50042;
58 -1.6 -0.002899 -2.50042; 59 -1.6 -0.003357 -2.9019;
60 -1.6 0.000211 1.38829; 61 -1.6 2.2e-005 0.388291; 62 -0.2 0.000495 2.88829;
63 -0.2 0.000401 2.38829; 64 -0.2 2.89995 -0.000418; 65 -0.2 2.84039 -0.584973;
66 -0.2 2.66401 -1.1459; 67 -0.2 2.3781 -1.65971; 68 -0.2 1.99443 -2.10529;
69 -0.2 1.52876 -2.46432; 70 -0.2 1.00025 -2.72204; 71 -0.2 0.430612 -2.86785;
72 -0.2 2.84039 0.584973; 73 -0.2 2.66401 1.1459; 74 -0.2 2.3781 1.65971;
75 -0.2 1.52876 2.46432; 76 -0.2 1.99443 2.10529; 77 -0.2 1.00025 2.72204;
78 -0.2 0.430612 2.86785; 79 -0.2 -0.156727 2.89576; 80 -0.2 -0.737514 2.80465;
81 -0.2 -1.28799 2.59828; 82 -0.2 -1.78554 2.28514; 83 -0.2 -0.73777 -2.80459;
84 -0.2 -0.156727 -2.89576; 85 -0.2 -1.28847 -2.59805;
86 -0.2 -1.78617 -2.28465; 87 -0.2 -2.2104 -1.87727; 88 -0.2 -2.04074 -2.04028;
89 -0.2 2.04872 -2.0474; 90 -0.2 -2.20971 1.87808; 91 -0.4 2.90039 -0.000419;
92 -0.4 2.84039 -0.584973; 93 -0.4 2.66401 -1.1459; 94 -0.4 2.3781 -1.65971;
95 -0.4 1.99443 -2.10529; 96 -0.4 1.52876 -2.46432; 97 -0.4 1.00025 -2.72204;
98 -0.4 0.430612 -2.86785; 99 -0.4 -0.00338 -2.89836;
100 -0.4 2.84039 0.584973; 101 -0.4 2.66401 1.1459; 102 -0.4 2.3781 1.65971;
103 -0.4 1.52876 2.46432; 104 -0.4 1.99443 2.10529; 105 -0.4 1.00025 2.72204;
106 -0.4 0.430612 2.86785; 107 -0.4 -0.156727 2.89576;
108 -0.4 0.000495 2.88829; 109 -0.4 -0.737514 2.80465;
110 -0.4 -1.28799 2.59828; 111 -0.4 -1.78554 2.28514;
112 -0.4 -2.04087 2.04011; 113 -0.4 -0.73777 -2.80459;
114 -0.4 -0.156727 -2.89576; 115 -0.4 -1.28847 -2.59805;
116 -0.4 -1.78617 -2.28465; 117 -0.4 -2.2104 -1.87727;
118 -0.4 -2.04074 -2.04028; 119 -0.4 2.04616 -2.04996;
120 -0.4 2.04598 2.04543; 121 -0.4 -2.20971 1.87808;
122 -0.6 2.90039 -0.000419; 123 -0.6 2.84039 -0.584973;
124 -0.6 2.66401 -1.1459; 125 -0.6 2.3781 -1.65971; 126 -0.6 1.99443 -2.10529;
127 -0.6 1.52876 -2.46432; 128 -0.6 1.00025 -2.72204;
129 -0.6 0.430612 -2.86785; 130 -0.6 -0.00338 -2.89836;
131 -0.6 2.84039 0.584973; 132 -0.6 2.66401 1.1459; 133 -0.6 2.3781 1.65971;
134 -0.6 1.52876 2.46432; 135 -0.6 1.99443 2.10529; 136 -0.6 1.00025 2.72204;
137 -0.6 0.430612 2.86785; 138 -0.6 -0.156727 2.89576;
139 -0.6 0.000495 2.88829; 140 -0.6 -0.737514 2.80465;
141 -0.6 -1.28799 2.59828; 142 -0.6 -1.78554 2.28514;
143 -0.6 -2.04087 2.04011; 144 -0.6 -0.73777 -2.80459;
145 -0.6 -0.156727 -2.89576; 146 -0.6 -1.28847 -2.59805;
147 -0.6 -1.78617 -2.28465; 148 -0.6 -2.2104 -1.87727;
149 -0.6 -2.04074 -2.04028; 150 -0.6 2.04616 -2.04996;
151 -0.6 2.04598 2.04543; 152 -0.6 -2.20971 1.87808;
153 -0.8 2.90039 -0.000419; 154 -0.8 2.84039 -0.584973;
155 -0.8 2.66401 -1.1459; 156 -0.8 2.3781 -1.65971; 157 -0.8 1.99443 -2.10529;
158 -0.8 1.52876 -2.46432; 159 -0.8 1.00025 -2.72204;
160 -0.8 0.430612 -2.86785; 161 -0.8 -0.00338 -2.89836;
162 -0.8 2.84039 0.584973; 163 -0.8 2.66401 1.1459; 164 -0.8 2.3781 1.65971;
165 -0.8 1.52876 2.46432; 166 -0.8 1.99443 2.10529; 167 -0.8 1.00025 2.72204;
168 -0.8 0.430612 2.86785; 169 -0.8 -0.156727 2.89576;
170 -0.8 0.000495 2.88829; 171 -0.8 -0.737514 2.80465;
172 -0.8 -1.28799 2.59828; 173 -0.8 -1.78554 2.28514;
174 -0.8 -2.04087 2.04011; 175 -0.8 -0.73777 -2.80459;
176 -0.8 -0.156727 -2.89576; 177 -0.8 -1.28847 -2.59805;
178 -0.8 -1.78617 -2.28465; 179 -0.8 -2.2104 -1.87727;
180 -0.8 -2.04074 -2.04028; 181 -0.8 2.04616 -2.04996;
182 -0.8 2.04598 2.04543; 183 -0.8 -2.20971 1.87808; 184 -1 2.90039 -0.000419;
185 -1 2.84039 -0.584973; 186 -1 2.66401 -1.1459; 187 -1 2.3781 -1.65971;
188 -1 1.99443 -2.10529; 189 -1 1.52876 -2.46432; 190 -1 1.00025 -2.72204;
191 -1 -0.00338 -2.89836; 192 -1 2.84039 0.584973; 193 -1 2.66401 1.1459;
194 -1 2.3781 1.65971; 195 -1 1.52876 2.46432; 196 -1 1.99443 2.10529;
197 -1 1.00025 2.72204; 198 -1 0.430612 2.86785; 199 -1 -0.156727 2.89576;
200 -1 0.000495 2.88829; 201 -1 -0.737514 2.80465; 202 -1 -1.28799 2.59828;
203 -1 -1.78554 2.28514; 204 -1 -2.04087 2.04011; 205 -1 -0.73777 -2.80459;
206 -1 -0.156727 -2.89576; 207 -1 -1.28847 -2.59805; 208 -1 -1.78617 -2.28465;
209 -1 -2.2104 -1.87727; 210 -1 -2.04074 -2.04028; 211 -1 2.04616 -2.04996;
212 -1 2.04598 2.04543; 213 -1 -2.20971 1.87808; 214 -1.2 2.90039 -0.000419;
215 -1.2 2.84039 -0.584973; 216 -1.2 2.66401 -1.1459; 217 -1.2 2.3781 -1.65971;
218 -1.2 1.99443 -2.10529; 219 -1.2 1.52876 -2.46432;
220 -1.2 1.00025 -2.72204; 221 -1.2 -0.00338 -2.89836;
222 -1.2 2.84039 0.584973; 223 -1.2 2.66401 1.1459; 224 -1.2 2.3781 1.65971;
225 -1.2 1.52876 2.46432; 226 -1.2 1.99443 2.10529; 227 -1.2 1.00025 2.72204;
228 -1.2 0.430612 2.86785; 229 -1.2 -0.156727 2.89576;
230 -1.2 0.000495 2.88829; 231 -1.2 -0.737514 2.80465;
232 -1.2 -1.28799 2.59828; 233 -1.2 -1.78554 2.28514;
234 -1.2 -2.04087 2.04011; 235 -1.2 -0.73777 -2.80459;
236 -1.2 -0.156727 -2.89576; 237 -1.2 -1.28847 -2.59805;
238 -1.2 -1.78617 -2.28465; 239 -1.2 -2.2104 -1.87727;
240 -1.2 -2.04074 -2.04028; 241 -1.2 2.04616 -2.04996;
242 -1.2 2.04598 2.04543; 243 -1.2 -2.20971 1.87808;
244 -1.4 2.90039 -0.000419; 245 -1.4 2.84039 -0.584973;
246 -1.4 2.66401 -1.1459; 247 -1.4 2.3781 -1.65971; 248 -1.4 1.99443 -2.10529;
249 -1.4 1.52876 -2.46432; 250 -1.4 1.00025 -2.72204;
251 -1.4 0.430612 -2.86785; 252 -1.4 -0.00338 -2.89836;
253 -1.4 2.84039 0.584973; 254 -1.4 2.66401 1.1459; 255 -1.4 2.3781 1.65971;
256 -1.4 1.52876 2.46432; 257 -1.4 1.99443 2.10529; 258 -1.4 1.00025 2.72204;
259 -1.4 0.430612 2.86785; 260 -1.4 -0.156727 2.89576;
261 -1.4 0.000495 2.88829; 262 -1.4 -0.737514 2.80465;
263 -1.4 -1.28799 2.59828; 264 -1.4 -1.78554 2.28514;
265 -1.4 -2.04087 2.04011; 266 -1.4 -0.73777 -2.80459;
267 -1.4 -0.156727 -2.89576; 268 -1.4 -1.28847 -2.59805;
269 -1.4 -1.78617 -2.28465; 270 -1.4 -2.2104 -1.87727;
271 -1.4 -2.04074 -2.04028; 272 -1.4 2.04616 -2.04996;
273 -1.4 2.04598 2.04543; 274 -1.4 -2.20971 1.87808;
275 -1.6 2.90039 -0.000419; 276 -1.6 2.84039 -0.584973;
277 -1.6 2.66401 -1.1459; 278 -1.6 2.3781 -1.65971; 279 -1.6 1.99443 -2.10529;
280 -1.6 1.52876 -2.46432; 281 -1.6 1.00025 -2.72204;
282 -1.6 0.430612 -2.86785; 283 -1.6 2.84039 0.584973; 284 -1.6 2.66401 1.1459;
285 -1.6 2.3781 1.65971; 286 -1.6 1.52876 2.46432; 287 -1.6 1.99443 2.10529;
288 -1.6 1.00025 2.72204; 289 -1.6 0.430612 2.86785;
290 -1.6 -0.156727 2.89576; 291 -1.6 -0.737514 2.80465;
292 -1.6 -1.28799 2.59828; 293 -1.6 -1.78554 2.28514;
294 -1.6 -2.04087 2.04011; 295 -1.6 -0.73777 -2.80459;
296 -1.6 -0.156727 -2.89576; 297 -1.6 -1.28847 -2.59805;
298 -1.6 -1.78617 -2.28465; 299 -1.6 -2.2104 -1.87727;
300 -1.6 -2.04074 -2.04028; 301 -1.6 2.04616 -2.04996;
302 -1.6 2.04598 2.04543; 303 -1.6 -2.20971 1.87808;
304 -1.8 2.90039 -0.000419; 305 -1.8 2.84039 -0.584973;
306 -1.8 2.66401 -1.1459; 307 -1.8 2.3781 -1.65971; 308 -1.8 1.99443 -2.10529;
309 -1.8 1.52876 -2.46432; 310 -1.8 1.00025 -2.72204;
311 -1.8 0.430612 -2.86785; 312 -1.8 -0.00338 -2.89836;
313 -1.8 2.84039 0.584973; 314 -1.8 2.66401 1.1459; 315 -1.8 2.3781 1.65971;
316 -1.8 1.52876 2.46432; 317 -1.8 1.99443 2.10529; 318 -1.8 1.00025 2.72204;
319 -1.8 0.430612 2.86785; 320 -1.8 -0.156727 2.89576;
321 -1.8 0.000495 2.88829; 322 -1.8 -0.737514 2.80465;
323 -1.8 -1.28799 2.59828; 324 -1.8 -1.78554 2.28514;
325 -1.8 -2.04087 2.04011; 326 -1.8 -0.73777 -2.80459;
327 -1.8 -0.156727 -2.89576; 328 -1.8 -1.28847 -2.59805;
329 -1.8 -1.78617 -2.28465; 330 -1.8 -2.2104 -1.87727;
331 -1.8 -2.04074 -2.04028; 332 -1.8 -2.20971 1.87808;
338 -1.8 2.04616 -2.04996; 339 -1.8 2.04598 2.04543;
340 -0.2 -2.21005 0.000405; 341 -0.2 -1.86705 0.000277;
342 -1.6 0.342949 -0.000407; 343 -1.6 0.242289 -0.243141;
344 -1.6 1.80366 1.80313; 345 -1.6 -0.242482 -0.24305;
346 -1.6 -1.79832 1.79759; 347 -0.2 -0.343051 -0.00029;
348 -1.6 -2.21005 0.000405; 349 -1.6 -1.86705 0.000277;
350 -1.6 -0.343051 -0.00029; 351 -1.6 -1.35905 8.8e-005;
352 -0.2 -1.10505 -7e-006; 353 -1.6 -0.851051 -0.000101;
354 -0.2 1.08095 -0.000418; 355 -0.2 2.55695 -0.000418;
356 -1.6 0.89656 -0.000409; 357 -1.6 2.55739 -0.000417;
358 -1.6 1.45017 -0.000412; 359 -1.6 2.00378 -0.000415;
360 -0.2 1.81895 -0.000418; 361 -0.2 -0.762857 -0.763893;
362 -0.2 -1.80361 -1.80556; 364 -1.6 -0.632763 -0.633676;
365 -1.6 -1.80361 -1.80556; 367 -0.2 -1.28323 -1.28472;
368 -1.6 -1.02304 -1.0243; 369 -1.6 -1.41333 -1.41493;
370 -0.2 0.763755 -0.763556; 371 -0.2 1.80608 -1.80497;
372 -0.2 1.28319 1.28271; 373 -0.2 0.242267 0.241879;
374 -0.2 -1.27946 1.27881; 375 -0.2 -0.241753 0.241248;
376 -1.6 0.632672 -0.634162; 377 -1.6 1.80382 -1.80722;
378 -1.6 1.41331 1.41282; 379 -1.6 0.242267 0.24189; 380 -1.6 -1.40918 1.4085;
381 -1.6 -0.241753 0.24126; 382 -0.2 1.28492 -1.28426;
383 -1.6 1.02305 -1.02518; 384 -1.6 1.41344 -1.4162;
385 -0.2 -0.760608 0.760027; 386 -1.6 -1.02004 1.01942;
387 -1.6 -0.630894 0.630341; 388 -0.2 0.762731 0.762296;
389 -1.6 1.02296 1.02251; 390 -1.6 0.632615 0.632201;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 5 6; 5 6 7; 6 7 8; 7 8 9; 8 10 1; 9 11 10; 10 12 11;
11 13 14; 12 15 13; 13 16 15; 14 17 18; 15 17 19; 16 19 20; 17 20 21; 18 21 22;
19 23 24; 20 25 23; 21 26 25; 22 27 28; 29 4 35; 30 36 12; 31 18 16; 32 24 9;
33 28 26; 34 22 29; 35 37 38; 36 39 40; 37 39 41; 38 42 43; 39 39 44; 40 39 45;
41 46 47; 42 48 49; 43 49 39; 44 44 50; 45 51 52; 46 53 39; 47 53 54; 48 55 56;
49 54 57; 50 57 58; 51 58 59; 52 56 60; 53 60 61; 54 61 53; 55 39 61; 56 61 49;
57 49 60; 58 60 48; 59 62 63; 60 56 63; 61 56 48; 62 63 48; 63 39 54; 64 54 44;
65 44 57; 66 57 50; 67 50 58; 68 50 51; 69 58 51; 70 64 65; 71 65 66; 72 66 67;
73 68 69; 74 69 70; 75 70 71; 76 71 52; 77 72 64; 78 73 72; 79 74 73; 80 75 76;
81 77 75; 82 78 77; 83 79 62; 84 79 80; 85 80 81; 86 81 82; 87 82 46; 88 83 84;
89 85 83; 90 86 85; 91 87 88; 92 67 89; 93 42 74; 94 62 78; 95 84 52; 96 88 86;
97 46 90; 98 91 92; 99 92 93; 100 93 94; 101 95 96; 102 96 97; 103 97 98;
104 98 99; 105 100 91; 106 101 100; 107 102 101; 108 103 104; 109 105 103;
110 106 105; 111 107 108; 112 107 109; 113 109 110; 114 110 111; 115 111 112;
116 113 114; 117 115 113; 118 116 115; 119 117 118; 120 94 119; 121 120 102;
122 108 106; 123 114 99; 124 118 116; 125 112 121; 126 122 123; 127 123 124;
128 124 125; 129 126 127; 130 127 128; 131 128 129; 132 129 130; 133 131 122;
134 132 131; 135 133 132; 136 134 135; 137 136 134; 138 137 136; 139 138 139;
140 138 140; 141 140 141; 142 141 142; 143 142 143; 144 144 145; 145 146 144;
146 147 146; 147 148 149; 148 125 150; 149 151 133; 150 139 137; 151 145 130;
152 149 147; 153 143 152; 154 153 154; 155 154 155; 156 155 156; 157 157 158;
158 158 159; 159 159 160; 160 160 161; 161 162 153; 162 163 162; 163 164 163;
164 165 166; 165 167 165; 166 168 167; 167 169 170; 168 169 171; 169 171 172;
170 172 173; 171 173 174; 172 175 176; 173 177 175; 174 178 177; 175 179 180;
176 156 181; 177 182 164; 178 170 168; 179 176 161; 180 180 178; 181 174 183;
182 184 185; 183 185 186; 184 186 187; 185 188 189; 186 189 190; 187 190 38;
188 38 191; 189 192 184; 190 193 192; 191 194 193; 192 195 196; 193 197 195;
194 198 197; 195 199 200; 196 199 201; 197 201 202; 198 202 203; 199 203 204;
200 205 206; 201 207 205; 202 208 207; 203 209 210; 204 187 211; 205 212 194;
206 200 198; 207 206 191; 208 210 208; 209 204 213; 210 214 215; 211 215 216;
212 216 217; 213 218 219; 214 219 220; 215 220 37; 216 37 221; 217 222 214;
218 223 222; 219 224 223; 220 225 226; 221 227 225; 222 228 227; 223 229 230;
224 229 231; 225 231 232; 226 232 233; 227 233 234; 228 235 236; 229 237 235;
230 238 237; 231 239 240; 232 217 241; 233 242 224; 234 230 228; 235 236 221;
236 240 238; 237 234 243; 238 244 245; 239 245 246; 240 246 247; 241 248 249;
242 249 250; 243 250 251; 244 251 252; 245 253 244; 246 254 253; 247 255 254;
248 256 257; 249 258 256; 250 259 258; 251 260 261; 252 260 262; 253 262 263;
254 263 264; 255 264 265; 256 266 267; 257 268 266; 258 269 268; 259 270 271;
260 247 272; 261 273 255; 262 261 259; 263 267 252; 264 271 269; 265 265 274;
266 275 276; 267 276 277; 268 277 278; 269 279 280; 270 280 281; 271 281 282;
272 282 59; 273 283 275; 274 284 283; 275 285 284; 276 286 287; 277 288 286;
278 289 288; 279 290 55; 280 290 291; 281 291 292; 282 292 293; 283 293 294;
284 295 296; 285 297 295; 286 298 297; 287 299 300; 288 278 301; 289 302 285;
290 55 289; 291 296 59; 292 300 298; 293 294 303; 294 304 305; 295 305 306;
296 306 307; 297 308 309; 298 309 310; 299 310 311; 300 311 312; 301 313 304;
302 314 313; 303 315 314; 304 316 317; 305 318 316; 306 319 318; 307 320 321;
308 320 322; 309 322 323; 310 323 324; 311 324 325; 312 326 327; 313 328 326;
314 329 328; 315 330 331; 322 307 338; 323 339 315; 324 321 319; 325 327 312;
326 331 329; 327 325 332; 328 340 341; 329 317 287; 330 287 257; 331 257 226;
332 226 196; 333 196 166; 334 166 135; 335 135 104; 336 104 76; 337 76 14;
338 14 36; 340 76 42; 342 104 120; 344 135 151; 351 317 339; 352 287 302;
353 257 273; 354 226 242; 355 196 212; 356 166 182; 357 316 286; 358 286 256;
359 256 225; 360 225 195; 361 195 165; 362 165 134; 363 134 103; 365 315 285;
366 285 255; 367 255 224; 368 224 194; 369 194 164; 370 164 133; 371 133 102;
372 102 74; 373 74 12; 374 314 284; 375 284 254; 376 254 223; 377 223 193;
378 193 163; 379 163 132; 380 132 101; 381 101 73; 382 73 11; 383 318 288;
384 288 258; 385 258 227; 386 227 197; 387 197 167; 388 167 136; 389 136 105;
390 105 77; 391 77 15; 392 319 289; 393 289 259; 394 259 228; 395 228 198;
396 198 168; 397 168 137; 398 137 106; 399 106 78; 400 78 16; 410 320 290;
411 290 260; 412 260 229; 413 229 199; 414 199 169; 415 169 138; 416 138 107;
417 107 79; 418 79 17; 419 322 291; 420 291 262; 421 262 231; 422 231 201;
423 201 171; 424 171 140; 425 140 109; 426 109 80; 427 80 19; 428 323 292;
429 292 263; 430 263 232; 431 232 202; 432 202 172; 433 172 141; 434 141 110;
435 110 81; 436 81 20; 437 324 293; 438 293 264; 439 264 233; 440 233 203;
441 203 173; 442 173 142; 443 142 111; 444 111 82; 445 82 21; 455 332 303;
456 303 274; 457 274 243; 458 243 213; 459 213 183; 460 183 152; 461 152 121;
462 121 90; 463 90 29; 464 313 283; 465 283 253; 466 253 222; 467 222 192;
468 192 162; 469 162 131; 470 131 100; 471 100 72; 472 72 10; 473 304 275;
474 275 244; 475 244 214; 476 214 184; 477 184 153; 478 153 122; 479 122 91;
480 91 1; 481 305 276; 482 276 245; 483 245 215; 484 215 185; 485 185 154;
486 154 123; 487 123 92; 488 92 65; 489 65 2; 490 306 277; 491 277 246;
492 246 216; 493 216 186; 494 186 155; 495 155 124; 496 124 93; 497 93 66;
498 66 3; 499 307 278; 500 278 247; 501 247 217; 502 217 187; 503 187 156;
504 156 125; 505 125 94; 506 94 67; 507 67 4; 517 35 5; 518 68 5; 519 95 68;
520 126 95; 521 157 126; 522 188 157; 523 218 188; 524 248 218; 525 279 248;
526 308 279; 527 338 308; 528 301 279; 529 272 248; 530 241 218; 531 211 188;
532 181 157; 533 150 126; 534 119 95; 535 89 68; 536 309 280; 537 280 249;
538 249 219; 539 219 189; 540 189 158; 541 158 127; 542 127 96; 543 96 69;
544 69 6; 545 310 281; 546 281 250; 547 250 220; 548 220 190; 549 190 159;
550 159 128; 551 128 97; 552 97 70; 553 70 7; 554 311 282; 555 282 251;
556 251 37; 557 38 160; 558 160 129; 559 129 98; 560 98 71; 561 71 8;
571 327 296; 572 296 267; 573 267 236; 574 236 206; 575 206 176; 576 176 145;
577 145 114; 578 114 84; 579 84 24; 580 326 295; 581 295 266; 582 266 235;
583 235 205; 584 205 175; 585 175 144; 586 144 113; 587 113 83; 588 83 23;
589 328 297; 590 297 268; 591 268 237; 592 237 207; 593 207 177; 594 177 146;
595 146 115; 596 115 85; 597 85 25; 598 329 298; 599 298 269; 600 269 238;
601 238 208; 602 208 178; 603 178 147; 604 147 116; 605 116 86; 606 86 26;
616 330 299; 617 299 270; 618 270 209; 619 209 179; 620 179 148; 621 148 117;
622 117 87; 623 87 27; 630 53 342; 631 53 343; 632 302 344; 633 53 345;
634 294 346; 635 347 39; 636 348 349; 637 350 53; 638 349 351; 639 350 347;
640 349 341; 641 341 352; 642 351 353; 643 353 350; 644 352 347; 645 353 347;
646 353 352; 647 351 352; 648 351 341; 649 40 354; 650 355 64; 651 342 356;
652 357 275; 653 342 40; 654 357 355; 655 356 358; 656 358 359; 657 359 357;
658 354 360; 659 360 355; 660 359 355; 661 359 360; 662 358 360; 663 358 354;
664 356 354; 665 356 40; 666 45 361; 668 345 364; 670 365 362; 671 345 45;
672 361 367; 673 367 362; 674 364 368; 675 368 369; 676 369 365; 677 41 370;
678 371 89; 679 43 372; 680 373 39; 681 47 374; 682 375 39; 683 343 376;
684 377 301; 685 344 378; 686 379 53; 687 346 380; 688 381 53; 689 370 382;
690 382 371; 691 376 383; 692 383 384; 693 384 377; 694 377 371; 695 371 384;
696 384 382; 697 382 383; 698 383 370; 699 370 376; 700 376 41; 701 343 41;
702 374 385; 703 385 375; 704 380 386; 705 386 387; 706 387 381; 707 381 375;
708 375 387; 709 387 385; 710 385 386; 711 386 374; 712 374 380; 713 380 47;
714 346 47; 715 372 388; 716 388 373; 717 378 389; 718 389 390; 719 390 379;
720 379 373; 721 373 390; 722 390 388; 723 388 389; 724 389 372; 725 372 378;
726 378 43; 727 344 43; 728 362 369; 729 369 367; 730 367 368; 731 368 361;
732 361 364; 733 364 45; 950 362 88; 951 365 300; 952 312 59; 953 59 252;
954 252 221; 955 221 191; 956 191 161; 957 161 130; 958 130 99; 959 99 52;
960 52 9; 961 321 55; 962 55 261; 963 261 230; 964 230 200; 965 200 170;
966 170 139; 967 139 108; 968 108 62; 969 62 18; 970 28 88; 971 88 118;
972 118 149; 973 149 180; 974 180 210; 975 210 240; 976 240 271; 977 271 300;
978 300 331; 979 325 294; 980 294 265; 981 265 234; 982 234 204; 983 204 174;
984 174 143; 985 143 112; 986 112 46; 987 46 22; 988 340 348; 989 103 75;
990 75 13;
ELEMENT INCIDENCES SHELL
734 324 293 303 332; 735 293 264 274 303; 736 264 233 243 274;
737 233 203 213 243; 738 203 173 183 213; 739 173 142 152 183;
740 142 111 121 152; 741 111 82 90 121; 742 82 21 29 90; 743 81 20 21 82;
744 110 81 82 111; 745 141 110 111 142; 746 172 141 142 173;
747 202 172 173 203; 748 232 202 203 233; 749 263 232 233 264;
750 292 263 264 293; 751 323 292 293 324; 752 80 19 20 81; 753 109 80 81 110;
754 140 109 110 141; 755 171 140 141 172; 756 201 171 172 202;
757 231 201 202 232; 758 262 231 232 263; 759 291 262 263 292;
760 322 291 292 323; 761 79 17 19 80; 762 107 79 80 109; 763 138 107 109 140;
764 169 138 140 171; 765 199 169 171 201; 766 229 199 201 231;
767 260 229 231 262; 768 290 260 262 291; 769 320 290 291 322; 779 77 15 16 78;
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820 223 193 194 224; 821 254 223 224 255; 822 284 254 255 285;
823 314 284 285 315; 824 72 10 11 73; 825 100 72 73 101; 826 131 100 101 132;
827 162 131 132 163; 828 192 162 163 193; 829 222 192 193 223;
830 253 222 223 254; 831 283 253 254 284; 832 313 283 284 314; 833 64 1 10 72;
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841 304 275 283 313; 842 65 2 1 64; 843 92 65 64 91; 844 123 92 91 122;
845 154 123 122 153; 846 185 154 153 184; 847 215 185 184 214;
848 245 215 214 244; 849 276 245 244 275; 850 305 276 275 304; 851 66 3 2 65;
852 93 66 65 92; 853 124 93 92 123; 854 155 124 123 154; 855 186 155 154 185;
856 216 186 185 215; 857 246 216 215 245; 858 277 246 245 276;
859 306 277 276 305; 860 67 4 3 66; 861 94 67 66 93; 862 125 94 93 124;
863 156 125 124 155; 864 187 156 155 186; 865 247 217 216 246;
866 217 187 186 216; 867 278 247 246 277; 868 307 278 277 306; 869 68 5 4 67;
870 95 68 67 94; 871 126 95 94 125; 872 157 126 125 156; 873 188 157 156 187;
874 218 188 187 217; 875 248 218 217 247; 876 279 248 247 278;
877 308 279 278 307; 878 69 6 5 68; 879 96 69 68 95; 880 127 96 95 126;
881 158 127 126 157; 882 189 158 157 188; 883 219 189 188 218;
884 249 219 218 248; 885 280 249 248 279; 886 309 280 279 308; 887 70 7 6 69;
888 97 70 69 96; 889 128 97 96 127; 890 159 128 127 158; 891 190 159 158 189;
892 220 190 189 219; 893 250 220 219 249; 894 281 250 249 280;
895 310 281 280 309; 896 71 8 7 70; 897 98 71 70 97; 898 129 98 97 128;
899 160 129 128 159; 900 38 160 159 190; 901 37 38 190 220; 902 251 37 220 250;
903 282 251 250 281; 904 311 282 281 310; 914 83 23 24 84; 915 113 83 84 114;
916 144 113 114 145; 917 175 144 145 176; 918 205 175 176 206;
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922 326 295 296 327; 923 85 25 23 83; 924 115 85 83 113; 925 146 115 113 144;
926 177 146 144 175; 927 207 177 175 205; 928 237 207 205 235;
929 268 237 235 266; 930 297 268 266 295; 931 328 297 295 326;
932 297 328 329 298; 933 268 297 298 269; 934 237 268 269 238;
935 207 237 238 208; 936 177 207 208 178; 937 146 177 178 147;
938 115 146 147 116; 939 85 115 116 86; 940 25 85 86 26; 941 298 329 330 299;
942 269 298 299 270; 943 238 269 270 239; 944 208 238 239 209;
945 178 208 209 179; 946 147 178 179 148; 947 116 147 148 117;
948 86 116 117 87; 949 26 86 87 27; 991 312 59 282 311; 992 59 252 251 282;
993 252 221 37 251; 994 221 191 38 37; 995 191 161 160 38; 996 161 130 129 160;
997 130 99 98 129; 998 99 52 71 98; 999 52 9 8 71; 1000 327 296 59 312;
1001 296 267 252 59; 1002 267 236 221 252; 1003 236 206 191 221;
1004 206 176 161 191; 1005 176 145 130 161; 1006 145 114 99 130;
1007 114 84 52 99; 1008 84 24 9 52; 1009 319 289 55 321; 1010 289 259 261 55;
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1014 137 106 108 139; 1015 168 137 139 170; 1016 106 78 62 108;
1017 78 16 18 62; 1018 321 55 290 320; 1019 55 261 260 290;
1020 261 230 229 260; 1021 230 200 199 229; 1022 200 170 169 199;
1023 170 139 138 169; 1024 139 108 107 138; 1025 108 62 79 107;
1026 62 18 17 79;
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Daily Weather Briefing for Tuesday, October 8, 2019   

Cache   





Outlook

Another wedge of cool high pressure will set up behind the cold front today and weaken through the end of the week. A mostly dry cold front will arrive on Saturday.

State Legislature

The NC Senate convenes at 9:30 am and the NC House convenes at 1:00 pm. Multiple committees will be meeting today and the details are in the calendar. More information, including links, has been posted online. [LINK]


Franklin Town Council Meeting for October 2019

The Franklin Town Council met last night at 6pm. The public agenda and agenda packet has been posted online. [LINK]

Here is a copy of the live-streamed video. The audio is a bit poor because I used the phone audio and the video is interrupted a few times due to a pesky attention-needy app. A version with better audio and video will be posted online in a new article in a couple of days.



County Commissioners to Meet Tonight

The Macon County Board of Commissioners will be meeting tonight at 6pm. Copies of the Agenda Packet and Consent Agenda Packet are embedded below.







THREE DAY GFS FORECAST
This animated image shows a forecast of precipitation, air pressure and thickness level (cold-air damming) for three days in six-hour increments.
Green, Yellow, and Red indicate rain. Orange and Purple Indicate Freezing Rain or other freezing precipitation. Blue indicates snow.





WEATHER SPONSOR



Adams Products, a Division of Oldcastle is underwriting the daily weather briefing & public safety updates for the month.

Open 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM, M-F, located at 895 Hickory Knoll Road, Franklin, NC. Visit our Facebook page at:
https://www.facebook.com/Adams.Oldcastle.Franklin.NC/

All your masonry needs are available. Our phone number is 828.524.8545, the public is welcome, we’ll help you with your next project.



Weather Hazards

Hazardous weather is not expected today.


**Note** A Tropical Weather Outlook section has been added to the daily weather briefing for the Atlantic Hurricane Season, and since those tend to run long when there is activity, that section has been added between the daily forecasts for the four regions of the county and the almanac section so people can get to their daily forecasts with minimal interference.




CROWDFUNDING OR DAY SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES


If you receive value from what Macon Media provides to the community, please consider becoming a supporter and contribute at least a dollar a month. Those who support Macon Media with at least a dollar a month receive early access to video of some events and meetings before they are made public on the website. Videos and news involving public safety are not subject to early access.


Become a Patron!



WEATHER FORECAST MAPS

Forecast maps for 7 am, 1 pm, and 7 pm.
[click on any image in this article to enlarge]





FRANKLIN AREA FORECAST

Today

Patchy fog between 7am and 10am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high in the lower 70s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 70%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before midnight, then a slight chance of showers between midnight and 4am. Patchy fog after midnight. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-50s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 40%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Wednesday

Partly sunny, with a high in the low-to-mid 70s. Light winds out of the southeast. Chance of rain is 20%.

Wednesday Night

Partly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s. Calm winds.

Thursday

Mostly sunny, with a high near 75.

Thursday Night

Mostly clear, with a low around 50.




OTTO AREA FORECAST

Today

Patchy fog in the morning. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high near 70. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

Showers and thunderstorms likely before midnight, then a slight chance of showers between midnight and 5am. Patchy fog between 11pm and 5am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low around 55. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Wednesday

A slight chance of showers before 9am, then a slight chance of rain between 9am and noon, then a slight chance of showers after noon. Patchy fog in the morning. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high in the lower 70s. Light winds out of the southeast. Chance of rain is 20%.

Wednesday Night

Partly cloudy, with a low around 55. Calm winds.

Thursday

Mostly sunny, with a high in the mid-70s.

Thursday Night

Mostly clear, with a low in the lower 70s.



HIGHLANDS PLATEAU FORECAST

Today

Patchy fog in the morning. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high in the low-to-mid 60s. Light winds out of the southeast. Chance of rain is 70%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before midnight, then a slight chance of showers between midnight and 3am. Patchy fog after 11pm. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s. Winds out of the northeast around 5 mph. Chance of rain is 40%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Wednesday

Partly sunny, with a high in the mid-60s. Winds out of the northeast around 6 mph.

Wednesday Night

Partly cloudy, with a low in the lower 50s. Winds out of the east 5 to 10 mph.

Thursday

Mostly sunny, with a high in the mid-60s.

Thursday Night

Partly cloudy, with a low around 50.



NANTAHALA AREA FORECAST

Today

Mostly cloudy, with a high near 70. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 70%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before midnight, then a slight chance of showers between midnight and 2am. Patchy fog before 3am, then patchy fog after 5am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 40%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Wednesday

A slight chance of rain before noon, then a slight chance of showers between noon and 5pm, then a slight chance of showers and thunderstorms after 5pm. Patchy fog before 8am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high in the lower 70s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 20%.

Wednesday Night

A 20 percent chance of showers before 10pm. Partly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s. Calm winds.

Thursday

Mostly sunny, with a high in the low-to-mid 70s.

Thursday Night

Mostly clear, with a low around 50.




TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK




Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Tue Oct 8 2019

For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

1. A non-tropical low-pressure system located over the central Atlantic between Bermuda and the Azores is producing winds to near gale force. Environmental conditions are forecast to be generally conducive for the low to acquire some subtropical or tropical characteristics during the next day or two, and this system could become a tropical or subtropical storm on Tuesday or Wednesday while it moves slowly westward. Upper-level winds are expected to become unfavorable for further development by Wednesday evening. Additional information on this system can be found in High Seas Forecasts issued by the National Weather Service.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...medium...50 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...medium...50 percent.

2. Showers and thunderstorms over the western Atlantic between the southeastern coast of the United States and Bermuda are associated with a broad, non-tropical area of low pressure. This system is forecast to move northward or northeastward and could acquire some subtropical characteristics off the east coast of the United States in a couple of days. Additional information on this system can also be found in High Seas Forecasts issued by the National Weather Service.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...10 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...30 percent.

3. A trough of low pressure extending from the Yucatan Channel northeastward across the southern Florida peninsula is producing disorganized showers and thunderstorms. Some slight development of this system is possible on Tuesday when it moves off the southeast U.S. coast. The disturbance is forecast to merge with a low off the east coast of the United States by Wednesday, and no further development is anticipated after that time. Regardless of development, this system is expected to produce locally heavy rainfall over portions of the the Florida peninsula during the next day or so.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...10 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...10 percent.





Weather Extremes for Macon County for the month of October
Data available from 1872 to 2018

Highest Temperature 91°F in Franklin on 10-05-1954
Lowest Temperature 12°F in Highlands on 10-30-1910
Greatest Rainfall 9.91 inches in Highlands on 10-04-1964
Greatest Snowfall 1.0 inches in Highlands on 10-20-1913

Weather Extremes for North Carolina for the month of October
Data available from 1870 to 2018

Highest Temperature 102°F Albemarle, Stanly County 10-06-1954
Lowest Temperature 8°F Banner Elk, Avery County 10-21-1952
Greatest One-Day Rainfall 14.00 in Aberdeen, Moore County 10-16-1913
Greatest One-Day Snowfall 11.0 inches on Mount Mitchell, Yancey County on 10-25-1990

Monthly Averages

Warmest Weather Station 66.5°F Hatteras, Dare County
Coldest Weather Station 46.5°F Grandfather Mountain, Avery County
Wettest Weather Station 6.29 in Lake Toxaway, Transylvania County
Driest Weather Station 2.15 in Hot Springs, Madison County



Published at 4:00am on October 08, 2019



          

Daily Weather Briefing for Monday, October 7, 2019   

Cache   





Outlook

A cold front will cross the region late today into Tuesday, which may bring a little rain to some of the region. Another wedge of cool high pressure will set up behind the front on Tuesday and weaken through the end of the week.

State Legislature

Both chambers of the state legislature will convene at 4:00 pm.
The On-Site Wastewater Task Force is scheduled to meet at 10:00 am in a room with no audio webcast, so there will be no direct monitoring of their activity. More information, including a link, has been posted online. [LINK]

DAY SPONSOR


Carrion Tree Service is underwriting Macon Media for today. they are a fully licensed and insured tree service, specializing in dangerous tree removal, view clearing, pruning, and crane services with a 24 Hour emergency response.


Their phone number is 371-4718.


They can handle all your tree removal needs in good or bad weather.

Franklin Town Council Meets Tonight

The Franklin Town Council will be meeting tonight at 6pm. The public agenda and agenda packet has been posted online. [LINK]



THREE DAY GFS FORECAST
This animated image shows a forecast of precipitation, air pressure and thickness level (cold-air damming) for three days in six-hour increments.
Green, Yellow, and Red indicate rain. Orange and Purple Indicate Freezing Rain or other freezing precipitation. Blue indicates snow.





WEATHER SPONSOR



Adams Products, a Division of Oldcastle is underwriting the daily weather briefing & public safety updates for the month.

Open 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM, M-F, located at 895 Hickory Knoll Road, Franklin, NC. Visit our Facebook page at:
https://www.facebook.com/Adams.Oldcastle.Franklin.NC/

All your masonry needs are available. Our phone number is 828.524.8545, the public is welcome, we’ll help you with your next project.



Weather Hazards

Hazardous weather is not expected today.


**Note** A Tropical Weather Outlook section has been added to the daily weather briefing for the Atlantic Hurricane Season, and since those tend to run long when there is activity, that section has been added between the daily forecasts for the four regions of the county and the almanac section so people can get to their daily forecasts with minimal interference.




CROWDFUNDING OR DAY SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES


If you receive value from what Macon Media provides to the community, please consider becoming a supporter and contribute at least a dollar a month. Those who support Macon Media with at least a dollar a month receive early access to video of some events and meetings before they are made public on the website. Videos and news involving public safety are not subject to early access.


Become a Patron!



WEATHER FORECAST MAPS

Forecast maps for 7 am, 1 pm, and 7 pm.
[click on any image in this article to enlarge]




FRANKLIN AREA FORECAST

Today

A chance of showers, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 5pm. Patchy fog in the morning. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high in the mid-70s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm before 8pm, then a chance of showers. Patchy fog. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low in the upper 50s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A chance of showers, then showers and thunderstorms likely after 9am. Mostly cloudy, with a high near 70. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 70%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms. Mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-50s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 50%.

Wednesday

A 30 percent chance of showers, mainly before noon. Partly sunny, with a high in the mid-70s.

Wednesday Night

Partly cloudy, with a low in the mid-50s.




OTTO AREA FORECAST

Today

A slight chance of rain before 3pm, then a chance of showers between 3pm and 5pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 5pm. Patchy fog in the morning. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high near 75. Light winds out of the east. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers likely, mainly before 7pm. Patchy fog expected overnight. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low in the upper 50s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch possible.

Tuesday

Patchy fog in the morning. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high near 70. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 70%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 55. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 50%.

Wednesday

A 30 percent chance of showers, mainly before noon. Partly sunny, with a high in the low-to-mid 70s.

Wednesday Night

Partly cloudy, with a low in the mid-50s.



HIGHLANDS PLATEAU FORECAST

Today

A slight chance of rain before 2pm, then showers likely, mainly after 5pm. Patchy fog in the morning. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high near 65. Light winds out of the southeast. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch possible.

Tonight

A 50 percent chance of showers. Patchy fog after 9pm. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-to-upper 50s. Light and variable winds. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch possible.

Tuesday

Mostly cloudy, with a high in the low-to-mid 60s. Winds out of the east around 5 mph. Chance of rain is 70%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms. Mostly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s. Winds out of the east around 6 mph. Chance of rain is 50%.

Wednesday

A 20 percent chance of showers. Mostly sunny, with a high near 65.

Wednesday Night

Partly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s.



NANTAHALA AREA FORECAST

Today

A chance of showers, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 4pm. Patchy fogin the morning. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high in the low-to-mid 70s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm before 9pm, then a chance of showers. Patchy fog. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-to-upper 50s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly after noon. Mostly cloudy, with a high in the upper 60s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 70%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms. Mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-50s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 50%.

Wednesday

A chance of showers, with thunderstorms also possible after 4pm. Partly sunny, with a high near 70. Chance of rain is 30%.

Wednesday Night

Partly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s.




TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK




Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Mon Oct 7 2019

For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

1. A non-tropical low-pressure system is expected to develop along a frontal boundary over the central Atlantic Ocean between Bermuda and the Azores by tonight. Gradual development of this system is possible while it moves slowly westward, and a tropical or subtropical depression could form on Tuesday or Wednesday before upper-level winds become unfavorable.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...medium...40 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...medium...50 percent.

2. Another non-tropical low-pressure system is forecast to develop over the western North Atlantic between Bermuda and the east coast of the United States in a few days. The low could acquire some subtropical characteristics later in the week while it meanders off the east coast of the United States.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...30 percent.





Weather Extremes for Macon County for the month of October
Data available from 1872 to 2018

Highest Temperature 91°F in Franklin on 10-05-1954
Lowest Temperature 12°F in Highlands on 10-30-1910
Greatest Rainfall 9.91 inches in Highlands on 10-04-1964
Greatest Snowfall 1.0 inches in Highlands on 10-20-1913

Weather Extremes for North Carolina for the month of October
Data available from 1870 to 2018

Highest Temperature 102°F Albemarle, Stanly County 10-06-1954
Lowest Temperature 8°F Banner Elk, Avery County 10-21-1952
Greatest One-Day Rainfall 14.00 in Aberdeen, Moore County 10-16-1913
Greatest One-Day Snowfall 11.0 inches on Mount Mitchell, Yancey County on 10-25-1990

Monthly Averages

Warmest Weather Station 66.5°F Hatteras, Dare County
Coldest Weather Station 46.5°F Grandfather Mountain, Avery County
Wettest Weather Station 6.29 in Lake Toxaway, Transylvania County
Driest Weather Station 2.15 in Hot Springs, Madison County



Published at 4:34am on October 07, 2019



          

Daily Weather Briefing for Sunday, October 6, 2019   

Cache   





Outlook

Much cooler temperatures will dominate the local weather pattern this week. Another cold front will slowly cross the region late Monday into Tuesday, which may bring a little rain to some of the region while reinforcing a cool and dry pattern for much of the latter half of next week.

State Legislature

The state legislature will not be meeting today.



THREE DAY GFS FORECAST
This animated image shows a forecast of precipitation, air pressure and thickness level (cold-air damming) for three days in six-hour increments.
Green, Yellow, and Red indicate rain. Orange and Purple Indicate Freezing Rain or other freezing precipitation. Blue indicates snow.





WEATHER SPONSOR



Adams Products, a Division of Oldcastle is underwriting the daily weather briefing & public safety updates for the month.

Open 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM, M-F, located at 895 Hickory Knoll Road, Franklin, NC. Visit our Facebook page at:
https://www.facebook.com/Adams.Oldcastle.Franklin.NC/

All your masonry needs are available. Our phone number is 828.524.8545, the public is welcome, we’ll help you with your next project.



Weather Hazards

Hazardous weather is not expected today.


**Note** A Tropical Weather Outlook section has been added to the daily weather briefing for the Atlantic Hurricane Season, and since those tend to run long when there is activity, that section has been added between the daily forecasts for the four regions of the county and the almanac section so people can get to their daily forecasts with minimal interference.




CROWDFUNDING OR DAY SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES


If you receive value from what Macon Media provides to the community, please consider becoming a supporter and contribute at least a dollar a month. Those who support Macon Media with at least a dollar a month receive early access to video of some events and meetings before they are made public on the website. Videos and news involving public safety are not subject to early access.


Become a Patron!



WEATHER FORECAST MAPS

Forecast maps for 7 am, 1 pm, and 7 pm.
[click on any image in this article to enlarge]




FRANKLIN AREA FORECAST

Today

A 30 percent chance of showers. Patchy fog in the morning. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high in the mid-70s. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the south around 6 mph in the afternoon.

Tonight

A 40 percent chance of showers. Patchy fog after 4am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low around 60. Calm winds.

Monday

A chance of showers and thunderstorms, then showers and possibly a thunderstorm after 3pm. Patchy fog before 8am. High in the mid-70s. Calm winds in the morning, then increasing to come out of the southwest around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Monday Night

Showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm. Mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-50s. Light winds out of the northwest. Chance of rain is 60%.

Tuesday

A chance of rain before 9am, then a chance of showers between 9am and noon, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after noon. Mostly cloudy, with a high near 70. Chance of rain is 50%.

Tuesday Night

Mostly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s.




OTTO AREA FORECAST

Today

A 30 percent chance of showers. Patchy fog between 8am and 9am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high in the lower 70s. Winds out of the southeast around 6 mph.

Tonight

A 40 percent chance of showers. Patchy fog after 4am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low around 60. Calm winds increasing to come out of the southeast around 5 mph by midnight. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch possible.

Monday

A chance of showers and thunderstorms, then showers and possibly a thunderstorm after 3pm. Patchy fog before 8am. High in the mid-70s. Calm winds increasing to come out of the southwest around 5 mph by noon. Chance of rain is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Monday Night

Showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm. Mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-to-upper 50s. Winds out of the northwest around 5 mph. Chance of rain is 60%.

Tuesday

A chance of rain before 9am, then a chance of showers between 9am and noon, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after noon. Mostly cloudy, with a high near 70. Chance of rain is 50%.

Tuesday Night

A 30 percent chance of showers before 10pm. Mostly cloudy, with a low in the low-to-mid 50s.



HIGHLANDS PLATEAU FORECAST

Today

A 30 percent chance of showers. Patchy fog before 11am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high in the mid-60s. Winds out of the south around 6 mph. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch possible.

Tonight

A 50 percent chance of showers. Patchy fog after 2am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-to-upper 50s. Winds out of the southeast 5 to 10 mph. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch possible.

Monday

A chance of showers and thunderstorms, then showers and possibly a thunderstorm after 3pm. Patchy fog before 8am. Highs in the mid-60s. Light and variable winds in the morning increasing to come out of the south around 6 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Monday Night

Showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm. Mostly cloudy, with a low in the mid-50s. Winds out of the northeast around 6 mph. Chance of rain is 60%.

Tuesday

A chance of rain before 8am, then a chance of showers after 8am. Mostly cloudy, with a high near 60. Chance of rain is 50%.

Tuesday Night

A 30 percent chance of showers before midnight. Mostly cloudy, with a low in the lower 50s.



NANTAHALA AREA FORECAST

Today

A chance of showers, with thunderstorms also possible after 2pm. Patchy fog between 7am and 10am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high in the low-to-mid 70s. Winds out of the southwest around 6 mph. Chance of rain is 30%.

Tonight

A 30 percent chance of showers. Patchy fog after 5am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low around 60. Winds out of the southeast 5 to 10 mph.

Monday

A chance of showers and thunderstorms, then showers and possibly a thunderstorm after 1pm. Patchy fog before 8am. High near 70. Light and variable winds increasing to come out of the southwest around 6 mph by midmorning. Chance of rain is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Monday Night

Showers likely, mainly before 9pm. Cloudy, with a low in the mid-50s. Light winds out of the north. Chance of rain is 60%.

Tuesday

A chance of rain before 9am, then a chance of showers between 9am and noon, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after noon. Mostly cloudy, with a high in the mid-to-upper 60s. Chance of rain is 50%.

Tuesday Night

Mostly cloudy, with a low in the lower 50s.




TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK




Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Sun Oct 6 2019

For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

1. A non-tropical low pressure system is expected to develop over the North Atlantic between Bermuda and the Azores in a couple of days. Gradual development of this system is possible thereafter, and a tropical or subtropical depression could form by the middle of the week while the low moves generally westward.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...medium...50 percent.

2. Another non-tropical low pressure system is forecast to develop over the western North Atlantic between Bermuda and the east coast of the United States by the middle of the week. This low is expected to move slowly northward to northeastward after it forms, and some subtropical or tropical development is possible thereafter.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...20 percent.





Weather Extremes for Macon County for the month of October
Data available from 1872 to 2018

Highest Temperature 91°F in Franklin on 10-05-1954
Lowest Temperature 12°F in Highlands on 10-30-1910
Greatest Rainfall 9.91 inches in Highlands on 10-04-1964
Greatest Snowfall 1.0 inches in Highlands on 10-20-1913

Weather Extremes for North Carolina for the month of October
Data available from 1870 to 2018

Highest Temperature 102°F Albemarle, Stanly County 10-06-1954
Lowest Temperature 8°F Banner Elk, Avery County 10-21-1952
Greatest One-Day Rainfall 14.00 in Aberdeen, Moore County 10-16-1913
Greatest One-Day Snowfall 11.0 inches on Mount Mitchell, Yancey County on 10-25-1990

Monthly Averages

Warmest Weather Station 66.5°F Hatteras, Dare County
Coldest Weather Station 46.5°F Grandfather Mountain, Avery County
Wettest Weather Station 6.29 in Lake Toxaway, Transylvania County
Driest Weather Station 2.15 in Hot Springs, Madison County



Published at 3:50am on October 06, 2019



          

Pilot Report: Leonardo TH-119    

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AIN flies the Leonardo TH-119 IFR training helicopter.
September 27, 2019, 12:29 AM

Thirty-two years ago I started my helicopter training at Redhill Aerodrome, Surrey, England, sponsored by the global oil industry giant Bristow Helicopters. I completed my commercial pilot's license course on the even-then venerable 1960s-vintage Westland-Bell 47 G4A. The “avionics suite” included an RMI with an ADF, a VOR OBS indicator, and a VHF radio. After 120 hours on the -47, the next step to IFR pilot came on the 9.6-tonne, 19-passenger AS332L Super Puma, a transition I remember well.

Unsurprisingly, in the past 30 years, things in the rotary training world have moved on considerably, and in front of me now, standing in the late summer sunshine on the north ramp outside Leonardo’s Northeast Philadelphia Airport facility, is the Leonardo TH-119, a 21st century solution to training helicopter pilots from ab-initio to instrument pilot and beyond. Leonardo hopes to be successful in pitching this helicopter in the U.S. Navy’s TH-73 competition (previously known as TH-XX) to replace the Bell 206-derived TH-57B/C Sea Rangers based at NAS Whiting Field in Florida. If so, the TH-119 will be training future USN helicopter pilots for perhaps the next 30 years.

Andrew Gappy is Leonardo's director of Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and federal programs as well as Team TH-119 campaign manager. He's also a graduate of the USN facility at Whiting Field. In a thorough preflight and program briefing, he described how, since the cancellation of the proposed EFIS upgrade to the TH-57D Sea Ranger in 2012, Leonardo had been developing the TH-119 concept to meet the future USN requirement with a single aircraft offering. As Gappy and many of his team had cut their teeth on the TH-57, the enthusiasm and excitement to be a part of the program that could replace this aircraft was plain to see. Enzo Galli, director of engineering, was on hand to answer any technical queries during the brief and add further detail about the program. Peter Wagner, a Leonardo ground training instructor, led me through a systems brief and a comprehensive overview of the Genesys EFIS installed on the TH-119.

The Walkaround

The TH-119's dimensions from rotor tip to tail rotor, height of the vertical tail, and fuselage length are almost exactly the same as those of the Bell Long Ranger. The helicopter looks familiar as, apart from the smart orange and white USN training color scheme, there is little externally to differentiate it from the utility AW119Ke and Kx Koala from which it is derived.

Internally, however, is where the difference lies. With the Genesys AeroSystems IDU-680 EFIS displays and helicopter systems architecture inherited from the twin-engine AW109, Leonardo has been able to certify the single-engine machine for IFR, the first single to be so certified by the FAA in around 30 years. Dual air-data systems, including two ADAHRS and two pitot-static systems, ensure that in the event of a PFD failure, replacement attitude data will be automatically displayed without any crew action required. The dual hydraulic systems are almost identical, except that the number-two system does not boost the tail rotor servo. The redundancy ensures that any single failure does not require immediate action or disconnecting the stability augmentation systems, which would cause a dangerous distraction during IFR flight.

The one system on the TH-119 that required further modifications to meet IFR criteria was the electrical system. With the Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6B-37A turboshaft, electrical power came from a single starter-generator. But a previous customer for the AW119 Koala, who was carrying out geological survey work, requested a second generator. So an STC was already available to provide the needed electrical redundancy.

Patrick McKernan, an experienced AW119 instructor and chief of flight operations at Leonardo, demonstrated the TH-119 to me and delivered a military-standard “out brief,” discussing the profile and route to be flown, the weather to be expected, each of our roles and responsibilities both in normal and emergency scenarios (if we lose the engine, whoever gets the collective down first, wins), and threats and errors to be encountered and mitigated.

McKernan took me through the preflight, which is relatively conventional with ready access available to all areas of the helicopter. Handholds and a step big enough for both feet make for a steady platform to inspect the main rotor hub, gearbox, and elastomeric bearings of the four main blades. They are of conventional, non-composite construction as is the majority of the airframe. That could be important in reducing airframe downtime as a training machine is going to suffer more than its fair share of tail stinger strikes during ab-initio maneuvers. The hydraulic system levels can be checked through two sight gauges beneath a panel on the starboard side of the aircraft easily visible from the ground. So is the auxiliary generator, which is belt driven and has a dedicated gauze-covered air intake and exhaust for cooling. As the auxiliary generator is permanently driven, one future modification that is in the pipeline is to upgrade this to a brushless generator to reduce wear during the long periods the aux generator is not required. The external power receptacle is on the right side of the forward fuselage, easily visible to the pilot-in-command, a fact that has positive safety implications for both the helicopter and the ground crew.[inline-image=”193941”]

Walking around to the port side of the machine, I notice the tail rotor gearbox has a sight gauge easily visible at head height. The prominent tailboom stinger, beneath the lower vertical tail, can also be readily inspected for signs of previous contact. To make this easier to note, tape has been applied to the bottom of the stinger. As this is an ab-initio trainer, a major part of the syllabus will involve engine-off landings to sliding touchdowns, often on hard runways. To cope with this, the skids are fitted with two-piece removable and replaceable skid shoes, the attachments of which can be inspected on the sides of the skids.

This side of the helicopter has a baggage bay door that provides enough space for any ground-handling equipment. Both main doors slide along external rails and lock and unlock easily. These are an improvement over the plug-door design found on other helicopters, as I find they can tend to become difficult to open and close over time.

The Flight Deck

Before we climbed onto the flight deck, we took a quick look into the spacious cabin to see the observer's or third pilot's seat situated behind and between the two pilots' seats. This seat has its own intercom controls and can be moved forward to provide a good view of the controls and displays. There is considerable value for a student to sit behind the pilots and observe a lesson before swapping seats and handling the exercise for themselves, enhancing training value and perhaps even reducing required training times. There is currently a three-place bench seat behind the observer's seat situated against the rear bulkhead, but McKernan suggests this will be replaced by a slightly different configuration of two seats outboard on each cabin side on production variants of the TH-119.

With the sliding doors closed, we climbed onto the forward step fixed to the skids and entered the flight deck. The cockpit doors are of conventional “car style” with a sliding DV section. Unlike production aircraft, this machine, N824BM, has no air-conditioning. Air-con on a military training machine might seem like a luxury, but a student and instructor would learn and teach much more effectively and efficiently in a comfortable environment. The cockpit seats do enhance that environment with their high backs and headrests. The harness is a simple inertia-reel four-point arrangement, and while I took a few minutes setting up my GoPro and voice recorders, McKernan joined me in the right “command” seat.[inline-image=”193936”]

I flew left-seat for the evaluation, as it had been several years since my last single-engine turbine flight. Also, my previous helicopter type, an AS355, had traditional “steam” gauges. The four-screen configuration and the USN specification that the visual references from the aircraft be the same from the left or right seat mean that there is little disadvantage to flying from either seat. The intended USN students who may fly the TH-119 will have already completed the all-digital, glass-cockpit equipped Beechcraft T-6 Texan II fixed-wing phase of their training before starting their rotary-wing course. So my own experience in glass cockpits from my fixed-wing time flying the Boeing 787 and my lack of recent experience in helicopters will in some way mirror this and provide a good baseline to assess the TH-119's future role.

McKernan had me read the checklist, an excellent way of allowing me to keep up with an unfamiliar type and at the same time take on board all the relevant checks and procedures. The PT6 can be controlled either electronically via the electronic engine control (EEC), mechanically via an Nr droop compensator (MEC), or manually using the twist grip throttle. The PFDs and MFDs begin their initialization processes once the battery switch is turned on, and any button press continues this process.

The rest of the checks are standard test items familiar to any digital cockpit turbine helicopter, addressing aural warnings; FCU and fire systems; fuel-valve and fuel-transfer pumps; and cycling the EEC/MEC engine control on the right side collective to test the EEC and the mechanical control systems.

The fuel system consists of two main tanks under the cabin floor and an upper tank behind the rear bench seats in the cabin. The upper tank gravity feeds into the right lower tank and the transfer pump moves fuel from the right to the left engine feed tank.
 

Getting in the Air

The engine start procedure is standard for a PT6. Having checked the external power was providing the required 28 volts, McKernan pressed and released the start button, checked the MFD to see the ENG START and IGNITER messages are displayed.  Once the N1 reached 12 percent and the ITT was checked at below 100 degrees on the MFD strip gauge, he moved the throttle to idle. The start took 20 seconds to reach an N1 of 43 percent and the starter automatically dropped out. If the ITT approached the start limit of 1,090 degrees, you are allowed 10 seconds above 870 and two seconds above 980 before the throttle would close and the start is aborted. However, in this case, the ITT did not trouble any of the limits, peaking at around 650 degrees.

As the blades started rotating, counterclockwise from above, we checked the hydraulic pressure to ensure it was rising. Five seconds after N1 passed 51 percent, the ITT gauge on the MFD reconfigured automatically to display cruise limits. The N1 stabilized around the recommended 61 percent and we checked the gearbox oil pressure before disconnecting the external power, which illuminates a momentary BATTERY caption that disappeared as soon as the generator was selected “on.” Subsequent check items include: inverters on, amps within limits, and the avionics master switch “on.” The engine can now be brought up to flight idle using the twist-grip throttle. While there is no limitation, McKernan keeps the torque below 30 percent as the Nr accelerates to 102 percent. All items with redundancy are now checked such as hydraulic servos, fuel pumps, SAS, ADAHRS, and engine control. Then we can turn our attention to the Genesys EFIS.[inline-image=”193946”]

My first impression of the six- by eight-inch screens was that they are adequately bright enough even on this clear sky, sunny day and the resolution is high enough that the displays are sharp and thus easy to read. The screens are divided into top and bottom, and for the start sequence, McKernan has the PFD show the primary flight instruments (PFI) on the top half and the map beneath. Meanwhile, his MFD showed the full ENGINE page, which displays Caution/Advisory/Status (CAS) messages in a block on the lower left. Time-critical warnings and cautions also appear on the PFD, while on the lower page, ITT/TRQ, and N2/NR are constantly displayed.

McKernan had already stored a simple route from KPNE and return routing via the Coyle VOR, to Ocean County, the nearest airport with an ILS, and then back to KPNE where the intention was to shoot an RNAV approach. This can be activated and viewed waypoint by waypoint via the FPL menu on the PFD, but routes can only be entered and modified via the MFD.

Before we contacted ground at Northeast Philadelphia, McKernan gave me my first introduction to inputting information on the Genesys. Using the radio page of the EFIS, I tuned the ATIS. The inputs and selections are controlled by eight hard keys down either side of the IDU bezels that coincide with soft selection options on the screen depending on the modes selected and four rotary “encoder” selectors along the bottom of the IDUs. The soft selection options are either ghosted triangles if no further menu levels are available or solid grey if selecting this option will produce further menu options. R1 key, in the top right of the bezel, will either display MENU or EXIT. If this button displays EXIT, it will always return the screen menu options to the top level. I quickly discovered that if an expected option could not be found, it was because I had not selected EXIT to return the menu to the top level after looking at a different screen. On the top-level menu, the L7 key will select RADIO. This opens an audio/radio menu box on the lower section of the PFD

The standby VHF frequencies on COM1/2 are boxed, white for MHz and magenta for kHz. These correspond with the same color-coding under two encoder rotary switches on the bottom of the IDU, and the frequency can be altered. The R7 bezel key is labeled SWAP and changes the standby to the active. The EXIT button R1, should then be pressed to go back to the top-level PFD menu. I have to admit, I found this process very fiddly, especially for a helicopter, but like any new system, it would soon become second nature. 

The weather showed a 10-knot breeze from the west, clear skies, and a temperature of 70 deg F. With McKernan and me onboard and 400 kg (882 pounds) of fuel, N824BM weighed in at 2,422 kg, 428 kg below the maximum takeoff weight. McKernan had done performance figures before walking out, and the HOGE (hover out of ground effect) at max-continuous power was 4,000 feet; 7,500 feet at takeoff power.

With a VFR clearance to the southeast, McKernan lifted us into the hover using 60 percent torque, and we transitioned along Taxiway Juliet with a right turn. The takeoff profile of the TH-119 requires a five-foot transition to 30 knots, a 15 percent torque increase, and an accelerating climb to 60 knots to remain clear of the “avoid” curve on the height-velocity diagram. At 60 knots, McKernan handed me the controls, and we followed the Roncocas Creek out to the west. Immediately, the collective felt rather heavy and I was conscious of avoiding too-large power changes. The cyclic was slightly lighter, but with the force trim cancel button pushed on the left side of the handgrip, roll and pitch control were pleasant. With the SAS engaged and attitude-hold selected, the relatively heavy control forces prevented any tendency to overcontrol. Yaw control is light and will feel similar to any pilot familiar with the Jet Ranger or Sea Ranger.

I leveled off at 1,500 feet, setting the flight path marker on the PFI onto the horizon, and we accelerated to 120 knots. To sample high-speed cruise, I slowly added power toward maximum continuous torque of 100 percent, but we reached the ITT limit of 750 degrees at 93 percent torque, giving us an IAS of 150 knots, just below the Vne of 152. Although McKernan said he would sit at this speed all day on a long flight, as the ride was quite turbulent, I eased off on the torque to 65 percent and 120 knots where we were burning around 180 kg/hr of fuel. I tried some turns up to 60 degrees of bank and with FTR pressed and the helicopter handled well, but I needed to keep reminding myself to use my feet, needing more right yaw pedal than left.

Missed Approach

We selected VOR mode on the HSI on my lower map and I tracked towards the Coyle VOR while talking to McGuire AFB for traffic service. McKernan modified the route by selecting an ILS approach to Runway 6 at Ocean County, and we remained south of Lakehurst Airport on a left base for the localizer, allowing a good view of the Zeppelin hangars designed and built for the ill-fated Hindenburg, which crashed here in 1937. The northwesterly wind, now up to 26 knots as depicted on the PFD, initially blew me through the inbound course, so I made a left turn into the wind and corrected.

The flight path marker on the PFD is a useful tool, but with no heading markers on the horizon line of the PFD, it is not as surgical as it could be. The heading scale is located at the top of the PFD, which means that the scan from that, down to the localizer on the bottom, is a large one. However, a green track marker both on this scale and the HSI coupled with a green dashed line for track is very useful and once on course, it's easy to maintain the localizer. The glideslope display is on the right-hand side of the PFD, and I reduced power to follow it and maintained 90 knots.

The missed approach for the procedure is a climbing left turn back to the Coyle VOR, so we agreed we would arm the go-around mode (GA) and engage it at a minimum of 500 feet. On reaching this altitude, I pushed the GA button on the right of the cyclic and the mode display, situated on the top of the PFD, changed from armed (white) to engaged (green); we then coupled the autopilot. The helicopter pitched up and maintained the current selected heading, and I added power to climb away. On the control panel of the Sperry/Honeywell/Galileo SHZ-109A analog autopilot ahead of the right-side collective, there is no option to select a NAV mode that will track a GPS course. So the IDU menu has to be accessed to engage NHDG, which then captured the track back to the VOR. The displayed course turned from cyan to magenta, indicating this had occurred; as well as the green NHDG mode on the top of the PFD. The next active waypoint information is displayed on the bottom right of the PFD in magenta. I had been warned that the analog autopilot could be imprecise while maneuvering, and the heading oscillated slightly, needing a little manual input in yaw before it settled down on the course.

Things had all happened pretty quickly for me, so we left the autopilot coupled and set course, using the direct function on the PFD to fly to KABKE which is the IAF for the RNAV to KPNE. I took a few deep breaths. McKernan had selected the RNAV (GPS) approach for Northeast Philly and we leveled at 2,000 feet, the platform altitude. The PFD annunciated an LPV approach in green and the inbound course and deviation scale was displayed at the bottom. With the autopilot coupled, we flew the approach in IAS and NHDG modes, which enabled me to control the rate of descent by lowering and raising the collective and allowing the speed and track to be maintained by the autopilot.

As the active flight plan had altitudes pre-programmed, a green top-of-descent marker was shown on the MAP display. At this point, I lowered the collective

to set up a 400-fpm descent rate and followed the glideslope indications on the right with Highway in the sky (HITS) boxes showing on the PFD to fly through. As before with three axes coupled, a little pedal assistance was required at these slower speeds to keep the slip/skid indicator centered, but overall, the workload was relatively low and I could monitor the approach well.

The automated minimums call came at 380 feet, and I disconnected the higher modes of the helipilot system. At 75 knots and around 75 feet, I flared, aiming for the touchdown zone markings, which appeared in the synthetic vision on the PFD as we crossed them. During the landing, the aft section of the skids contacted first and then we settled onto the ground. The TH-119 was doing a good job of getting me back into being a helo pilot. Visual circuits were next, onto Runway 33 at KPNE, and I was getting into the swing of things. On base, while turning and lowering the collective, I had to concentrate on the strange sensation of adding a significant amount of right pedal while turning left as I reduced torque, which is perhaps an indication that this a powerful single-engine machine with up to 1,000 shp at my control.

After two patterns, McKernan offered to demonstrate an engine-off landing onto the hard runway, something I’d never seen before. After a couple of practice engine-offs in the hover and a gentle run-on landing to get his eye in, we climbed to 1,000 feet for the demo. Crossing the threshold of the runway, McKernan closed the throttle and dumped the collective. The NR dropped to 97 percent with a brief “rotor low” aural warning and then recovered. The minimum rate of descent speed was nailed on 1,800 fpm. As we passed 150 feet, McKernan pitched up to reduce the descent rate and leveled the skids, paused, and cushioned with the collective. We ran on at 15 knots, producing a ground slide of approximately 80 feet and a minimum NR of 67 percent.

I took control again to return to the ramp. On the way back, we tried some spot turns, sideways and backward, and the helicopter was nicely controllable with good visibility downwards through the chin windows. Even with the SAS disengaged, I was able to hover over a spot and set down. One nice EFIS feature to look at was the hover vector, which replaces the flight path marker on the PFD below a ground speed of 30 knots. It show two concentric circles of 10- and 20-knot radius. To prove this, I lifted to a 50-foot hover and started moving backward. A vector extended from the center of the PFD downward, its length proportional to ground speed. As it touched the first circle, our groundspeed, read off the PFD, was 10 knots. This function would be especially useful during a very high hover where visual references are reduced, especially at night, say, during winch operations.

We had been airborne for 1.5 hours, so it was time to head back to the ramp. Indicative of the qualities of this machine and McKernan’s stewardship was that I was able and confident to position between the main Leonardo hangar and a pre-production MH-139 on a convenient spot. If the U.S. Navy decides to go with the TH-119, and the contract decision is expected towards the end of this year, I have no doubt this machine and its Genesys EFIS system is going to provide a great teaching platform for instructors currently flying the 50-year-old TH-57. And the pilots it produces will be ready for the transition to the most advanced combat aircraft the 21st century has to offer.

 

Leonardo TH-119

          

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Cena: 870 EUR
Ponúkame na prenájom krásny priestranný 3 izbový byt v Pezinku na Suvorovovej ulici v novostavbe rezidencii Severka s krásnym výhľadom na Karpaty. Byt sa prenajíma kompletne zariadený. Kuchyňa: komplet nábytok na mieru, chladnička, el. sporák, umývačka riadu, elektrická platňa, mikrovlná rúra, barový pult so stoličkami Obývačka: sedačka, obývačková stena na mieru, TV, konferenčný stolík, koberec, nepriepustné záclony Chodba: vstavaná skriňa, vstavaný botník so skriňou a zrkadlom Kúpeľňa: sprchový kút, práčka, umývadlo, skrinka nad umývadlom Samostatné WC s umývadlom Spálňa: manželská posteľ (180cm), nábytok, vstavaná skriňa, koberec Pracovňa: rozkladací gauč, stôl, stolička, stolík Lodžia: stôl a stoličky K bytu prislúcha pivnica a parkovacie miesto. V okolí bytového domu je kompletná občianska vybavenosť. Pošta 500m,Terno potraviny, 500mAreál Rozálka, Hokejová hala 200m ,ZŠ Bielenisko, ZŠ Kupeckého 200m,Amfiteáter 300m ,Centrum mesta ,1kmTesco, Lidl, Kaufland 2km,škôlka Severáčik. Mesto Pezinok ponúka svojím obyvateľom široké možnosti rekreácie a kultúrneho vyžitia. Nespočetné množstvom kultúrnych podujatí v kombinácii s bezprostrednou dostupnosťou Malých Karpát a vzdialenosťou od Bratislavy len 23 kilometrov robí z mesta Pezinok vyhľadávanú lokalitu pre pokojný, no zároveň dynamický život. CENA- Nájomné 870 Eur/mesačne s energiami. (720eur nájom,150 eur energie ) v cene je zahrnutá Mágio TV a optický internet. Pri nástupe do podnájmu sa platí 870 Eur nájomné + depozit + provízia RK. Byt je voľný ihneď.
          

Клуб_Фотопутешествий: Ивердон. Часть 5.   

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        Продолжаем гулять по швейцарскому городу Ивердон.

4752699_shve_1527 (700x525, 344Kb)

Через него протекает маленький канальчик.

4752699_shve_1521 (700x525, 295Kb)

Утки разные тут, коричневые, чёрные.

4752699_shve_1525 (700x525, 291Kb)

Канальчик длинный. Вдалеке мостик, нам туда.

4752699_shve_1523 (700x525, 324Kb)

Вот мостик пешеходный, а справа для машин.

4752699_shve_1528 (700x525, 306Kb)

Подробно всё вам показываю.

4752699_shve_1531 (700x525, 310Kb)

На табличке написано, что очищают воду у них. Любят, чтобы чисто.

4752699_shve_1532 (700x525, 367Kb)

В городе много цветов.

4752699_shve_1533 (700x525, 378Kb)

Они не яркие. Например, роз нет.

4752699_shve_1534 (700x525, 360Kb)

Но мне нравятся такие.

4752699_shve_1535 (700x525, 246Kb)

Балкон в цветах.

4752699_iv131yos (700x525, 358Kb)

Новые дома строят, уже многоэтажные.

4752699_shve_1542 (700x525, 302Kb)

В маленьком дворике мотоцикл.

4752699_shve_1543 (700x525, 210Kb)

На почтовом ящике сидит снеговичок.

4752699_shve_1547_1_ (700x525, 299Kb)

Приятные у них дома.

4752699_shv_867 (700x525, 290Kb)

Посмотрите ещё фотографии витрин.

 4752699_shv_845 (700x525, 290Kb)

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4752699_shv_859 (700x525, 238Kb)

4752699_shv_862t (700x524, 637Kb)

4752699_shv_864k (700x516, 106Kb)

4752699_shv_870 (700x525, 278Kb)

Если кто проголодается, то легко найти кафе или ресторанчик.

4752699_shv_839 (700x525, 294Kb)

Есть даже китайский ресторан.

4752699_ukit1 (590x590, 105Kb)

Многие любят китайские блюда.

4752699_ukit2 (590x590, 104Kb)

Нашла ещё один ролик про этот город.



 

Почему так подробно про него рассказываю. Потому что не каждый сможет в нём побывать, может, поленится. Пусть хоть на Ли. ру посмотрит.

 


          

CC110044870 San Giorgio su Legnano (MI) Immobile in Vendita   

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SAN GIORGIO SU LEGNANO (MI) - IN CONTESTO ARTIGIANALE, PROPONIAMO CAPANNONE INDIPENDENTE DI 250 MQ COMPRENSIVO DI UFFICIO E SERVIZIO. PICCOLO CORTILE ANTISTANTE. CONSIGLIATO PER ATTIVIT?Á LEGGERE O DE...
Locali: 1 Mq: 250 Euro: 130000 Data: 2019-10-1
          

Comment on Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Selection 1 by Peirce’s Categories • 8 | Inquiry Into Inquiry    

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[…] Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Selection 1 […]
          

Comment on Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Selection 7 by Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Discussion 1 | Inquiry Into Inquiry    

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[…] introduced the compound term “giver of a horse to a lover of a woman” in Selection 7 to illustrate his use of marks of reference to identify the corresponding correlates of component […]
          

Comment on Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Proto-Graphical Syntax by Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Discussion 1 | Inquiry Into Inquiry    

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[…] Re: Ontolog Forum • John Bottoms Re: History View Blog • A Yukaghir Girl Writes A Love Letter Re: Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Proto-Graphical Syntax […]
          

"Не дай себе замерзнуть!" В холодном списке уже 870 адресов   

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Из-за холодной погоды стремительно растет число неотапливаемых домов в списке нашей акции "Не дай себе замерзнуть!".
          

Bichon Frise Mix DOG FOR ADOPTION RGADN-266023 - Wonder - Bichon Frise / Mixed (PuppyFinder)   

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Bichon Frise Mixture Dog for Adoption in Placentia, California, 92870 US Nickname: Wonder Posted Breed: Bichon Frise / Mixed (medium coat). Hello! My name is Roni Lee and I am a 6 yr old, eleven pound male Bichon Frise mixture. I am sweet, cute, cute, and non-shedding! I enjoy my foster family, but I am looking for my forever home. I have had a thorough health examination, micro-chipped, neutered. If you have room in your heart and home for me, please complete an adoption form. If you would like to meet me please visit our web siteat .bichonrescueoc and submit an application to start the adoption process! All our puppies are available as long as their listing is up. The adoption process moves very quickly and most families are approved within 48 hours. The adoption procedure involves these steps: 1. Complete an on-line application. 2. Interview with 1 of our volunteers 3. Home Safety Evaluation 4. Meet and greet with the pet. 5. Adopt! Here is the direct link to our application.

          

Chalet, 5 dormitorios, 5 wc, 870m2, Pozuelo de Alarcón   

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Chalet independiente, muy luminoso, en buena parcela con piscina y pista de tenis privados. 4 plazas de garaje.Tiene una superficie de 870 m2 en parcela de 2.563, repartido en 3 plantas de la siguiente manera:-En el SÓTANO encontramos un porche,...
5 habitaciones 5 baños 870 m² 1.666 EUR/m² parquet piscina tenis
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