Regulatory Action Center Review - October 7, 2019   

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Welcome to FreedomWorks Foundation’s nineteenth regulatory review of 2019! Our Regulatory Action Center proudly updates you with our favorite tidbits from the swamp. We want to smash barriers between bureaucracy and the American people by delivering regulatory news straight to FreedomWorks activists. Check back in two weeks for the next edition.

1) Video of the Week: Unsurprisingly, the United States is not the first country to experience ballooning budgets and astronomical deficits. In the mid-1990’s, Canada’s debt grew to as high as 70% of GDP, similar to our current debt situation. In this weeks video, John Stossell sits down with Canadian economist David Henderson to discuss how Canada managed to tackle their debt problem by cutting government spending and reducing waste.

2) Why Is the CDC Still Fostering Potentially Deadly Confusion About Vaping and Lung Disease?: “Media outlets, following the lead of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), continue to blame recent cases of severe respiratory illnesses among vapers on "vaping" and "e-cigarettes" in general, falsely implying a link to legal nicotine products. This misinformation is fostering public confusion that may lead to more disease and death, both from smoking and from the black-market products that have been implicated in the lung disease cases.” https://reason.com/2019/09/24/why-is-the-cdc-still-fostering-potentially-deadly-confusion-about-vaping-and-lung-disease/

3) FBI using Facebook ads to gather Russian intelligence: report: “The FBI is reportedly using Facebook ads to gather intelligence on Russia, specifically targeting those who may be or know Russian spies. The FBI is running ads in the Washington, D.C., area, CNN reported on Wednesday, that direct to the FBI field office's website that describes its counterintelligence team and encourages visitors to meet "in person." https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/fbi/464069-fbi-using-facebook-ads-to-gather-russian-intelligence-report

4) Federal Court Upholds FCC Decision to Roll Back Obama-Era Net Neutrality Rules: “Today, by a 2-1 vote, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit sided largely with the FCC, upholding the primary regulatory rollback as a valid exercise of its authority. In the nearly 200 page opinion, which is heavy on technical detail, the court wrote that while the challengers raised "numerous objections" aiming to show that the FCC's reclassification is "unreasonable," the judges found them "unconvincing." https://reason.com/2019/10/01/federal-court-upholds-fcc-decision-to-roll-back-obama-era-net-neutrality-rules/

5) Trump to issue executive order ‘protecting’ Americans from ‘Medicare for All’ campaign proposals pushed by Democrats: “The executive order, which he is scheduled to discuss at a speech in Florida later Thursday, is intended to bolster Medicare Advantage, private Medicare insurance for seniors that currently covers 22 million people, senior administration officials said on a call with reporters. The plan would also offer more affordable plan options, increase use of telehealth services and bring payments in Medicare fee-for-service program in line with payments for Medicare Advantage, officials said.” https://www.cnbc.com/2019/10/03/trump-to-issue-executive-order-protecting-americans-from-medicare-for-all.html

6) Treasury to create tool to help people redeem billions in unclaimed savings bonds: “Sen. John Kennedy (R-La.) on Wednesday said that the Treasury Department will create an online tool to help people redeem billions of dollars in savings bonds. About $26 billion in matured savings bonds are in the U.S. Treasury and have yet to be redeemed. Using the department's forthcoming tool, people will be able to verify against Treasury Department records if they have any savings bonds dated after 1974 that can be redeemed, Kennedy's office said in a news release.” https://thehill.com/policy/finance/464057-senator-treasury-will-create-tool-to-help-people-redeem-billions-of-dollars-in

7) Trump takes heat from right over vaping crackdown: “The Trump administration is under fire from conservative groups and some GOP lawmakers, who are pushing back over its planned crackdown on e-cigarette flavors. They say the administration is overreaching, and the flavor ban will harm small businesses, a violation of core Republican free market principles.” https://thehill.com/policy/healthcare/464470-trump-takes-heat-from-right-over-vaping-crackdown


          

Trump left isolated as Republican allies revolt over US withdrawal from Syria   

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Trump left isolated as Republican allies revolt over US withdrawal from SyriaMitch McConnell and Lindsey Graham lead condemnation of foreign policy move that could prove ‘disaster in the making’Donald Trump with Mark Milley, the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, in the Cabinet Room on Monday. Lindsey Graham said abandoning the Kurds would be ‘a stain on America’s honour’. Photograph: Carolyn Kaster/APDonald Trump was dangerously isolated on Monday as, in a rare rebuke, some of his most loyal allies revolted against his decision to withdraw US troops from north-eastern Syria.Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell led a chorus of Republicans who, having defended the president on almost every other issue – including over impeachment – decided to draw a line in the sand.“A precipitous withdrawal of US forces from Syria would only benefit Russia, Iran, and the Assad regime,” McConnell said. “And it would increase the risk that Isis and other terrorist groups regroup.”He added: “As we learned the hard way during the Obama administration, American interests are best served by American leadership, not by retreat or withdrawal.”The criticism was significant because McConnell is usually at pains not to cross Trump even at his most capricious. Last week the Kentucky senator released a Facebook video promising to stop Democratic-led impeachment in its tracks.Article 1 of the United States constitution gives the House of Representatives the sole power to initiate impeachment and the Senate the sole power to try impeachments of the president. A president can be impeached if they are judged to have committed "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors" – although the constitution does not specify what “high crimes and misdemeanors” are.The process starts with the House of Representatives passing articles of impeachment. A simple majority of members need to vote in favour of impeachment for it to pass to the next stage. Democrats currently control the house, with 235 representatives.The chief justice of the US supreme court then presides over the proceedings in the Senate, where the president is tried, with senators acting as the jury. For the president to be found guilty two-thirds of senators must vote to convict. Republicans currently control the Senate, with 53 of the 100 senators.Two presidents have previously been impeached, Bill Clinton in 1998, and Andrew Johnson in 1868, though neither was removed from office as a result. Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 before there was a formal vote to impeach him.Martin BelamThe unusual fracture emerged on Sunday night when, shortly after a phone conversation between Trump and Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the White House announced removal of US troops from the Syria-Turkey border area. “Turkey will soon be moving forward with its long-planned operation into Northern Syria,” it added.Critics of all political stripes have long feared that the move could open the way for a Turkish strike on Kurdish-led fighters in the area. Kurdish groups have fought alongside a small US presence in Syria to drive Islamic State militants from the region.The Republican backlash was rapid and potentially unnerving for a president whose fate is tethered to the party and the assumption that it will acquit him in the Senate if, as widely expected, the Democratic-led House of Representatives votes for impeachment.Lindsey Graham, chairman of the Senate judiciary committee, who has become an outspoken defender (and frequent golf partner) of Trump, did not acquiesce this time. Abandonment of the Kurds would be “a disaster in the making”, he said, and “a stain on America’s honour”.Graham told Fox News: “I hope I’m making myself clear how short-sighted and irresponsible this decision is. I like President Trump. I’ve tried to help him. This, to me, is just unnerving to its core.”Graham wrote on Twitter that if the plan goes ahead, he will introduce a Senate resolution opposing it and seeking reversal of the decision. He added: “We will introduce bipartisan sanctions against Turkey if they invade Syria and will call for their suspension from NATO if they attack Kurdish forces who assisted the US in the destruction of the ISIS Caliphate.”Kevin McCarthy, the top Republican in the House, whose attempts to defend Trump’s phone call with Ukraine’s president have provoked mockery, said: “If you make a commitment and somebody is fighting with you, America should keep their word.”Michael McCaul of Texas, the lead Republican on the House foreign affairs committee, also urged the president to reconsider. “The United States should not step aside and allow a Turkish military operation in north-east Syria,” he said. “This move will undermine our ongoing campaign to prevent an Isis resurgence and will ultimately threaten our homeland.“Additionally, the United States needs to stay engaged to prevent further destructive involvement in the region from our adversaries like the Assad regime, Putin and Iran.”Notably, senator Marco Rubio of Florida, reluctant to criticise Trump even when the president suggested that China investigate former vice president and 2020 election rival Joe Biden, was clear , describing the retreat as “a grave mistake that will have implications far beyond Syria”And Nikki Haley, Trump’s former UN ambassador, admonished Trump without mentioning his name. “We must always have the backs of our allies, if we expect them to have our back,” she tweeted. “The Kurds were instrumental in our successful fight against ISIS in Syria. Leaving them to die is a big mistake. TurkeyIsNotOurFriend”Ominously for Trump, even conservative Fox News aired dissent. Host Brian Kilmeade described the pullout as “a disaster”, telling viewers of Fox & Friends: “Abandon our allies? That’s a campaign promise? Abandon the people that got the caliphate destroyed?”Republicans who have contradicted Trump before did so forcefully again. Utah senator Mitt Romney described Trump’s announcement as “a betrayal”, adding: “It says that America is an unreliable ally; it facilitates ISIS resurgence; and it presages another humanitarian disaster.”Romney and Democratic senator Chris Murphy issued a joint statement insisting Trump’s administration “explain to the American people how betraying an ally and ceding influence to terrorists and adversaries is not disastrous for our national security interests”.Democrats also piled in but there was a lone voice of support for the president on Capitol Hill. Republican senator Rand Paul, long a critic of foreign intervention, said: “So many neocons want us to stay in wars all over the Middle East forever. [Trump] is absolutely right to end those wars and bring the troops home.”Trump himself was undeterred by the blowback. Speaking at the White House on Monday, he said he has “great respect” for the prominent Republican critics. And added: “People are extremely thrilled because they say it’s time to bring our people back home. We’re not a police force. They’re policing the area. We’re not a police force. The UK was very thrilled at this decision … many people agree with it very strongly.”



          

Emmanuelle (1974) U.S. movie posters   

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Contributed by Chiara Gall


Source: https://www.ebay.com illustractiongallery. License: All Rights Reserved.

Half sheet (22″×28″)





Posters for the 1975 U.S. release of Emmanuelle, a 1974 French film directed by Just Jaeckin.

It is the first installment in a series of French softcore pornography films based on the novel Emmanuelle. The film stars Sylvia Kristel in the title role about a woman who takes a trip to Bangkok to enhance her sexual experience.

Emmanuelle was distributed in the United States by Columbia Pictures and was their first X rated film. […] The advertising for the film took a highbrow approach to marketing the film opposed to focusing on its exploitative nature. Columbia’s president David Begelman and former Young & Rubicam president Steve Frankfurt developed the tagline for the film “X was never like this.”

The typeface chosen for the title is a film version of Cooper Black Italic, with swash alternates. ITC Souvenir Bold, a similarly soft and heavy face, is used for the slogan. The credits are set in Souvenir Light. The posters were designed by Philip Gips, who passed away this week at 88.




Source: https://www.ebay.com partners65 (edited). License: All Rights Reserved.

One sheet (27″×41″)




Source: https://www.ebay.com cinemasterpieces. License: All Rights Reserved.

U.S. insert (14″×36″)




          

Le più belle frasi di Osho   

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Osho Rajeneesh (nato a Kuchwada l'11 dicembre 1931 e morto a Pune il 19 gennaio 1990) è stato un filosofo e maestro spirituale indiano. Alla nascita chiamato Chandra Mohan Jain, noto anche come Acharya Rajneesh dagli anni Sessanta in poi, e come Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh negli anni Ottanta, adottò il nome di Osho che deriva dal termine "oceanico" Osho era un professore di filosofia che abbandonò la carriera accademica per girare il mondo propugnando una nuova idea di religiosità. Le sue posizioni anticonformiste suscitarono scalpore e reazioni controverse. Nel 1953, a ventun anni, visse l'esperienza mistica dell'Illuminazione. Iniziò a viaggiare per l'India, a tenere discorsi e a condurre campi di meditazione. Nel 1974 fondò un ashram a Pune che arrivò a ricevere trentamila visitatori l’anno. Soprattutto dopo la sua morte i suoi scritti hanno avuto un'eco di livello internazionale. Gli insegnamenti di Osho raccolti in 600 libri, di cui 200 tradotti in italiano, sono incentrati sull'importanza della meditazione, della consapevolezza, dell'amore, della celebrazione, della creatività e dell'umorismo. I suoi discorsi e le sue frasi, continuano a influenzare milioni di persone di tutte le età e di ogni livello sociale e culturale. Fortemente critico verso le religioni organizzate e i sistemi di potere ad esse legati, Osho considerava la maggior parte delle credenze religiose come superstizioni che celavano la verità sull'illuminazione. Osho ha dedicato la sua vita allo studio dell’uomo, delineando un determinato percorso di risveglio delle coscienze allo scopo di far tornare alla vita tutti coloro che si sentono stretti da ideologie, condizionamenti e tradizioni divenute, per chi ha sete di conoscenza e verità, vecchie ed obsolete.
          

GOP unlikely to reprise role it played in Nixon's 1974 exit   

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Impeachment_Nixon_and_Trump_25745On Aug. 7, 1974, three top Republican leaders in Congress paid a solemn visit to President Richard Nixon at the White House, bearing the message that he faced near-certain impeachment due to eroding support in his own party on Capitol Hill. Nixon, who'd been entangled in the Watergate scandal for two years, announced his resignation the next day.
          

Γέροντας Σίμων, ο Γέροντας της Αθήνας   

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Στις αρχές της δεκαετίας του 70 το πιο γνωστό ανδρικό Κοινόβιο Μοναστήρι στην Αθήνα ήταν το Μοναστήρι του Αγίου Παντελεήμονος στη Πεντέλη. Και ο πιο γνωστός Γέροντας ήταν ο Γέροντας Σίμων ο Αρβανίτης. Και εγώ όταν έφθασα το 1974 στην …
          

Продам Колодки тормозные барабанные + накладки на Москвич [144]   

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Продам. Цену предлагайте. Колодки тормозные барабанные + накладки на Москвич. Вложение 12401974 (https://www.kharkovforum.com/attachment.php?attachmentid=12401974) Вложение 12401975...
          

It's British, has two doors, and a 1.8L B Series Engine (5 replies)   

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So, the past couple of months I've been slowly working on a bit of a project that I haven't really mentioned. None the less, I thought folks here might be interested in it.

It's a 1974 Austin Marina GT. For those who don't know the history of this illustrious vehicle, this was basically BL's stop-gap measure to have a new vehicle competitive with cars like the Ford Escort that were selling like crazy. In typical BL fashion, they dug into the parts bin to make it happen.

The underpinnings are in a lot of ways a stretched and updated version of the Minor. In England, it could be had with either a 1.3L A series engine or a 1.8L B series engine(there were a few other options in other markets). This was mated to a gearbox and rear end borrowed from some Triumph products. In an effort to sound sporty, the 2-door notchback was called a "GT". There was also an "estate", a van, and I think even a pickup truck on the same body. In typical half-executed fashion, though, the styling is a bit "off" on the 2 door since the doors are the same size/length as the 4 door. In England, you could even get a "TC" version, for "twin carb", which used a dual carb 1.8L engine that actually developed a bit more power than is specced for the comparable MGB engine, although the cast crankshaft is supposed to not be quite as strong as the forged one used in Bs.

Options in the US were a bit more limited. We only got 4 door and 2 door versions, and all US spec models had a low compression 18V engine fed by a single HIF-6 carb(the manifold sometimes makes its way onto late single carb Bs, as a ZS-175 will bolt on to it and the exhaust is the same double-Y of dual carb Bs). We could get either the standard 4 speed manual, or a BW35 auto.

The one I have has a bit of an interesting history. Glenn Towery tells me he bought it in the 80s and rebuilt the engine. His mother then drove it for a number of years, and it was bought sometime back in the 2000s from Glenn by the guy who sold it to me. The last owner did a lot of body work, painted it up nicely, and then life got in the way and he let it sit for ~10 years before finally deciding to sell it and that's where my part of the story picks up.

This will be an ongoing project. It's not TOO rusty, but 10 years uncovered haven't been overly kind to it or the new paint job either. The engine didn't take a whole lot of work to fire back up. Unfortunately, I'm afraid that the transmission is on its way out, and I'm at the crossroads of either doing a manual conversion or rebuilding the BW35.

Fortunately, the seller did load me up with a bunch of spare parts, a lot of which were picked from cars headed to scrap. The car came to me with such prizes as a box full of headlights and tail lights, a couple of complete instrument clusters(to further give the illusion of sportiness, the GT had a tachometer, and I have a few spares of that), a complete set of glass, and more other stuff than I care to really count and haven't actually even inventoried yet.

My one tentative drive in the car well until I was nearly home, and ended with a half dozen people helping push me up a hill...

Dick Moritz and Glenn have both given me a lot of advice on the car, and John Twist has also offered some. The single biggest help, though, has been Skip Harris down in Arkansas. Skip is known as "The Marina Man"-he sold them in the 70s, and now is THE expert on US market Marinas(and he guesses that the number still driving/operating is less than 2 dozen). He also can supply a lot of parts, including some otherwise impossible to find US specific ones.

I thought you all might enjoy seeing this. The immediate plan of course is to get it roadworthy again. Eventually, aside from cleaning it and hopefully repairing as much rust as I can, I'd like to bump up the engine compression to give a bit of a performance boost.
          

Dániel Géza (szerk.): Magyar Családok Naptára 1974 - Jelenlegi ára: 1 500 Ft   

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Magyar Családok Naptára 1974
szerkesztette: Dániel Géza
Ergoldsbach, 1974., Katolisches Presse - Apostolat
32 oldal
Naponta bővül kínálatunk 40-50 db tétellel, tekintse meg többi aukciónkat is! Bármilyen kérdésre szívesen válaszolunk!
További jó böngészést!
Dániel Géza (szerk.): Magyar Családok Naptára 1974
Jelenlegi ára: 1 500 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2019-10-08 13:51
          

rosavetrov: Художник Veneta Docheva. Волшебные акварели   

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Это цитата сообщения -маркиз- Оригинальное сообщениеХудожник Veneta Docheva. Волшебные акварели

художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 01

Художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) родилась в Софии в 1974 году. С детства увлекалась живописью.

Сегодня Венета Дочева известна как автор совершенно невероятных акварелей на которых реальные пейзажи расцвечены фантастическими красками. Впрочем, может быть это закат или рассвет? И это те самые краски, которых мы не видит за каждодневной суетой?

художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 02

художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 03художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 04художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 05художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 06художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 07художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 08художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 09художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 10

Сады души

Николай Гумилёв

Сады моей души всегда узорны,
В них ветры так свежи и тиховейны,
В них золотой песок и мрамор черный,
Глубокие, прозрачные бассейны.

Растенья в них, как сны, необычайны,
Как воды утром, розовеют птицы,
И — кто поймет намек старинной тайны? —
В них девушка в венке великой жрицы.

Глаза, как отблеск чистой серой стали,
Изящный лоб, белей восточных лилий,
Уста, что никого не целовали
И никогда ни с кем не говорили.

И щеки — розоватый жемчуг юга,
Сокровище немыслимых фантазий,
И руки, что ласкали лишь друг друга,
Переплетясь в молитвенном экстазе.

У ног ее — две черные пантеры
С отливом металлическим на шкуре.
Взлетев от роз таинственной пещеры,
Ее фламинго плавает в лазури.

Я не смотрю на мир бегущих линий,
Мои мечты лишь вечному покорны.
Пускай сирокко бесится в пустыне,
Сады моей души всегда узорны.

художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 11художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 12художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 13художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 14художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 15художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 16художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 17художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 18художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 19художник Венета Дочева (Veneta Docheva) картины – 20

https://svistanet.com/hudozhniki-i-art-proekty/kar...i-akvareli-veneta-docheva.html


          

Dr. Allende, print by Lea Grundig, 1974 -- Daily LIFT #12   

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Dr. Allende, print by Lea Grundig, 1974 -- Daily LIFT #12

Lea Grundig was a German artist who joined the Communist Party in 1924. After having been imprisoned by the Nazis she fled to Slovakia and then Palestine in 1940. After the war she returned to Germany and lived in the German Democratic Republic. 

Her art was widely displayed and this piece in tribute to Allende, who had been overthrown and killed the year before in a fascist coup in Chile, debuted in Dresden. She was awarded the Clara Zetkin Medal in 1964 and the Order of Karl Marx (the GDR's highest honour) in 1976. She died in 1977. 

(The Daily LIFT - Leftist Image for Today - is a new The Left Chapter feature posting a daily photo, cartoon, artwork or other image related to leftist history or contemporary realty.)


          

Hustler USA - October 2019   

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Эротический журнал для мужчин «Hustler», издается с 1974 года, со временем, выросший в издательский дом, деятельность которого простирается на многие области медиа-бизнеса для взрослых. «Hustler» самый успешный журнал в этой области в мировой истории. Горячие женщины, увлекательные рассказы, юмор и многое другое.
          

Μπούζλουντζα: Ο κομμουνιστικός «ιπτάμενος δίσκος» της Βουλγαρίας   

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Γιώργος Στάμκος


Ταξιδεύοντας στην περίφημη “Κοιλάδα των Ρόδων”, που βρίσκεται στην καρδιά της Βουλγαρίας και στη σκιά της οροσειράς του Αίμου ή Στάρα Πλάνινα, έχεις πολλά αξιοθέατα για να δεις. Από τα απέραντα ροδοχώραφα, που μοσχοβολούν τον Μάιο, και τα παραδοσιακά αποστακτήρια του πολύτιμου ροδέλαιου, μέχρι τις πολυάριθμες τούμπες των θρακικών τάφων, που έδωσαν κι ένα δεύτερο όνομα στην περιοχή: Κοιλάδα των Θρακών βασιλέων.

Το Πέρασμα της Σίπκα



Όσοι επιθυμούν να πάρουν μια γεύση από την πρόσφατη ιστορία των Βαλκανίων και ειδικά της Βουλγαρίας, μπορούν να επισκεφτούν το όμορφο χωριό Σίπκα, που βρίσκεται στις υπώρειες του Αίμου, δίπλα στο περίφημο Πέρασμα Σίπκα.  Εδώ βρίσκεται η, μοναδική στα Βαλκάνια, ρωσική εκκλησία της Γεννήσεως, η οποία ολοκληρώθηκε το 1902, στη μνήμη των Ρώσων στρατιωτών που σκοτώθηκαν στο Ρωσοτουρκικό πόλεμο του 1877-1878. Αυτή η ασυνήθιστη εκκλησία, με τους κρεμμυδόσχημους χρυσούς τρούλους της, που θυμίζουν Κρεμλίνο, διαθέτει ένα καμπαναριό με ύψος 53 μέτρα, όπου η βαρύτερη καμπάνα του ζυγίζει 12 τόνους και είναι φτιαγμένη από τους κάλυκες της Μάχης της Σίπκα!

Στην μονίμως παγωμένη κορυφή, πάνω από το Πέρασμα της Σίπκα, βρίσκεται το, ύψους 32 μέτρων, “Μνημείο της Ελευθερίας”, που αποτελεί “τόπο προσκυνήματος” για χιλιάδες Βούλγαρους που το επισκέπτονται όλο το χρόνο. Κτίστηκε το Μεσοπόλεμο και είναι αφιερωμένο στους χιλιάδες Ρώσους και Βούλγαρους στρατιώτες, που σκοτώθηκαν υπερασπιζόμενοι το Πέρασμα της Σίπκα κατά τον Ρωσο-τουρκικό πόλεμο του 1877-78. Ένα μνημείο που θα μπορούσε να αποτελέσει πόλο έκφρασης του εθνικού συναισθήματος, όπως οι παλιοί ναοί.

Η τέχνη του σοσιαλρεαλισμού



Πέρα από αυτά τα μνημεία της περιόδου της εθνικής απελευθέρωσης της Βουλγαρίας από την οθωμανική κατοχή, η “Κοιλάδα των Ρόδων” φιλοξενεί επίσης και πολλά μνημεία της πρόσφατης κομουνιστικής εποχής. Το γιγαντιαίο άγαλμα του Ντιμιτάρ Μπλαγκόεφ, φιλόσοφου και ιδρυτή του σοσιαλιστικού κόμματος Βουλγαρίας, που βρίσκεται στο δρόμο για την Σίπκα, μοιάζει σαν οδόσημο για ένα πολύ πιο παράξενο μνημείο: τη Μπούζλουντζα, που βρίσκεται στην βουνοκορφή από πάνω του. Το άγαλμα του Μπλαγκόεφ είναι τυπικό δείγμα σοσιαλρεαλισμού με τις υπεράνθρωπες διαστάσεις του και το λιτό, εργασιακό του ντύσιμο.

Ο σοσιαλρεαλισμός στα αγάλματα διέθετε μια περίεργη σεμνοτυφία. Ακόμη και τα ημίγυμνα κορμιά των εργατών και των εργατριών δεν εξέπεμπαν ερωτισμό. Αντίθετα έσβηναν κάθε ερωτική διάθεση, όταν οι γυναίκες παρουσιάζονταν στα αγάλματα με ανύπαρκτα στήθη και χωρίς γοφούς. Το μήνυμα ήταν σαφές: αντί για άσκοπους θνησιγενείς έρωτες, ελεύθερο σεξ δίχως όρια και ιδρωμένους δυτικόφερτους χορούς στις πίστες, η ενέργεια των νέων στις χώρες του λεγόμενου “κομουνιστικού μπλοκ” θα έπρεπε να επενδύεται στα εργοστάσια, στο χτίσιμο φραγμάτων, άντε και στις κατασκευές μεγαλειωδών μνημείων, όπως αυτά εδώ. Αυτό τουλάχιστον υποστήριζε η πολιτική ηγεσία αυτών των χωρών, αν θυμηθούμε και τα λόγια του ηγέτη της Σοβιετικής Ένωσης Νικήτα Χρουστσόφ: “Η απόσταση που χωρίζει το σαξόφωνο από τους σουγιάδες είναι ελάχιστη”.

Το “κομμουνιστικό UFO” της Μπούζλουντζα



Η γειτονική μας Βουλγαρία είναι γεμάτη με μνημεία της κομουνιστικής εποχής. Και σε αντίθεση με άλλες, πρώην κομουνιστικές, χώρες της Ανατολικής Ευρώπης η Βουλγαρία δεν κατεδάφισε τα μνημεία της κομουνιστικής περιόδου. Όσα δεν συνέχισε να τα φροντίζει, απλά τα παραμέλησε ή τα εγκατέλειψε στο έλεος της φύσης και του χρόνου.

Αυτό συνέβη και με το, εξωπραγματικών διαστάσεων και σχήματος, μνημείο της Μπούζλουντζα.  Από μακριά μοιάζει με γιγαντιαίο τσιμεντένιο πουλί, με το διαστημόπλοιο Έντερπραϊζ, ακόμη και με ιπτάμενο δίσκο, που “προσάραξε” κατά λάθος σ' αυτή τη βουνοκορφή του Αίμου. Εξαρτάται από τη φαντασία του καθενός. Σίγουρα πάντως μοιάζει σαν να βγήκε από ταινία επιστημονικής φαντασίας.

Ανεβήκαμε σ' αυτή την βουνοκορφή, όπου ο καιρός σπάνια δεν είναι οργισμένος. Όσο ανεβαίναμε οι “ψαλμοί” των ανέμων θέριευαν και λυσσομανούσαν, ενώ η θερμοκρασία άρχισε να πέφτει αισθητά κάτω από το μηδέν παρότι ήταν ακόμη τέλη Σεπτεμβρίου και είχε ήλιο.


Εδώ σε υψόμετρο 1.432 μέτρων, στη θρυλική κορυφή Μπούζλουντζα, βρίσκεται ένα φαραωνικού μεγέθους μνημείο, που από μακριά μοιάζει με... “ιπτάμενο δίσκο”! Δεν έχει όμως καμία σχέση με... εξωγήινους. Αν και πολλοί το αποκαλούν “κομμουνιστικό UFO” αυτό το εξωπραγματικό μνημείο, που έχει συμπεριληφθεί στον κατάλογο των 33 πιο όμορφων εγκαταλελειμμένων χώρων στον κόσμο, ήταν στην πραγματικότητα ο Οίκος-Μνημείο του Βουλγαρικού Κομμουνιστικού Κόμματος.

Ξεκίνησε να κατασκευάζεται το 1974 και κόστισε 14.186.000 λέβα ή 35 εκατομμύρια δολάρια -ποσό θηριώδες για την εποχή εκείνη. Για να ισοπεδωθεί η κορυφή του βουνού από τα 1.441 στα 1.432 μέτρα, ώστε να δημιουργηθεί επίπεδος χώρος για να μπουν τα θεμέλια αυτού γιγαντιαίου κτίσματος, χρησιμοποιήθηκαν μεγάλες ποσότητες ΤΝΤ, ενώ οι εκρήξεις ακουγόταν τότε μέχρι την Ελλάδα. Θεωρήθηκε ως ένας θρίαμβος της ανθρώπινης θέλησης, της εργασίας, της τεχνολογίας και του σοσιαλισμού. Καμιά ανησυχία δεν υπήρχε τότε για τον περιβαλλοντικό αντίκτυπο της κατασκευής αυτού του φαραωνικού κτίσματος, που μετέβαλε τόσο δραματικά το περιβάλλον και το τοπίο της βουνοκορφής Μπούζλουντζα.

Το μνημείο, που άρχισε να κατασκευάζεται το 1974, εγκαινιάστηκε τελικά στις 23 Αυγούστου του 1981, με αφορμή την επέτειο των 90 χρόνων από την ίδρυση του Βουλγαρικού Σοσιαλιστικού Κόμματος, υπό τον Μπλαγκόεφ, σε μυστική συνάντηση που έγινε τότε στην ίδια κορυφή. Το κτίριο αποτελεί χαρακτηριστικό δείγμα του μπρουταλιστικού αρχιτεκτονικού ρυθμού της κομουνιστικής εποχής.

Τα πρώτα χρόνια ήταν “τόπος προσκυνήματος” και σημαντικό μνημείο στην “Ιερή γεωγραφία” των Βουλγάρων κομουνιστών. Τα μωσαϊκά του μνημείου, κατασκευασμένα από γυαλί κοβαλτίου, κάλυπταν περισσότερα από χίλια τετραγωνικά μέτρα επιφάνειας και παρουσίαζαν την ιστορία του Βουλγαρικού Κομμουνιστικού Κόμματος με εικόνες που απηχούσαν το σοσιαλιστικό-ρεαλιστικό στυλ.

Από την εγκατάλειψη και τους βανδαλισμούς στο “Μπούζλουντζα Πρότζεκτ”



Μετά το 1990 όμως, και την πτώση του καθεστώτος, το κτίριο περιέπεσε σε αχρηστία. Εγκαταλείφθηκε, βανδαλίστηκε κι έπαθε σοβαρές ζημίες. Ό,τι ήταν χρήσιμο και μπορούσε να πουληθεί, ξηλώθηκε. Γκράφιτι ανακατεύτηκαν με παλιά κομουνιστικά συνθήματα. Υπάρχει πλέον ο κίνδυνος κατάρρευσης της στέγης του. Γι' αυτό και είναι κλειστό, απαγορεύεται η είσοδος σε αυτό και υπάρχει πλέον και φύλακας. Για να επισκεφθεί κανείς το εσωτερικό του θα πρέπει να πάρει ειδική άδεια από την Νομαρχία της Στάρα Ζαγόρα, στην οποία και υπάγεται.

Εγκαταλειμμένο στους παγωμένους ανέμους, τις βροχές και τα χιόνια του Αίμου, το Μνημείο της Μπούζλουντζα μοιάζει πλέον με σκηνικό ταινίας επιστημονικής φαντασίας ή με εικόνα ενός μετα-αποκαλυπτικού κόσμου. Ωστόσο όλο και περισσότεροι γοητεύονται από αυτό το ερειπωμένο σοσιαλρεαλιστικό μνημείο και θέλουν να το επισκεφθούν -και μάλιστα απ' όλο τον κόσμο.  Αλλά είναι επικίνδυνο λόγω του κινδύνου κατάρρευσης των μεταλλικών πλακιδίων του.

Υπάρχει ωστόσο ελπίδα και λέγεται “Μπούζλουντζα Πρότζεκτ”. Ένα νέο σχέδιο αναστήλωσης και προστασίας του Μνημείου. Φιλοδοξία του είναι το μνημείο Μπούζλουντζα να αποτελέσει παράδειγμα για τη σωστή διατήρηση και άλλων παρόμοιων μνημείων σε όλη την Κεντρική και Ανατολική Ευρώπη. Οι εργασίες συντήρησης για τη σταθεροποίηση του κτιρίου και την προετοιμασία του μνημείου για βιώσιμο τουρισμό θεωρούνται  ως οι πιο βιώσιμες μακροπρόθεσμες λύσεις για την επιβίωσή του. Θα είναι βεβαίως μια επαναφορά του στη ζωή, χωρίς ωστόσο έμφαση στην προηγούμενη ιδεολογία του. Κάτι σαν αναγνώριση της “τζιν Περεστρόικα” που διέλυσε το κομουνιστικό μπλοκ...

*Φωτογραφίες: Γιώργος Στάμκος

Πηγή: tvxs.gr



Η Σφήκα: Επιλογές





          

Comment on which Side r u ON? by rufong    

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Environmentalists want us to believe that the Catastrophic Flooding and extreme weather in the midwest, Canada and the rest of the world are a result of CO2/”human carbon footprint” caused “Climate Change.” The MSM is predicting that these scenes could be ‘The New Normal,’ but nothing is normal about any of this. ALL this wanton destruction is being caused by TECHNOLOGY: “‘Geo’engineering” or “Weather Warfare” with the stated goal of bringing the world under a One World Economic/Religious/Political system. In the 1991 paperback report by the Council of The Club of Rome titled, “The First Global Revolution,” President Emeritus Alexander King and Secretary Bertrand Schneider spelled it out: “The common enemy of humanity is man. In searching for a new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill. All these dangers are caused by human intervention, and it is only through changed attitudes and behavior that they can be overcome. The real enemy then, is humanity itself.” – Club of Rome – The First Global Revolution In 2017 at a news conference in Brussels, the executive secretary of the U.N.’s Framework Convention on Climate Change, Christiana Figueres, confirmed the ECONOMIC goals of the “Climate Change” deception: “This is the first time in the history of mankind that we are setting ourselves the task of intentionally, within a defined period of time, to change the economic development model that has been reigning for at least 150 years, since the Industrial Revolution,” In reference to a new international treaty that environmentalists hoped to be adopted at the Paris climate change conference later that year, she said: “This is probably the most difficult task we have ever given ourselves, which is to intentionally transform the economic development model for the first time in human history.” While Capitalism has its shortcomings, it has been the only successful economic model in the last 150 years, cutting work days in half, hence doubling lifespans. But this runs contrary to the UN’s Sustainability Agenda/Agenda 21/depopulation agenda. America’s Food Prices are Expected To Skyrocket in the wake of the ENGINEERED “bomb cyclone,” which brings the words allegedly uttered by globalist Henry Kissinger in 1974 to mind: “If you control the food supply, you control the people“. “[After] March’s ‘bomb cyclone‘ and record amounts of snow across large parts of the country. The Weather Channel recently put out this story warning of historic and widespread flooding across vast swaths of Central and Midwestern USA as snow melts, leaving huge parts of ‘America’s breadbasket‘ under water. As this story at WYFF reports, Midwestern flooding could become ‘the new normal‘ though officials are blaming ‘global warming‘ and ‘climate change‘ for the disasters that have already caused over $1.4 BILLION worth of losses to the US food supply in Nebraska alone with experts warning that the flooding has only just begun. Huge parts of the areas where much of America’s food is grown are now underwater with severe and moderate flooding all along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, leaving many farms completely under water, with levees compromised, animals dead and crops meant to be eaten instead destroyed.” Stefan Stanford – ANP
          

The Micronauts “They Came From Inner Space”   

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Micronauts was a North American science fiction toyline manufactured and marketed by Mego from 1976 to 1980. The Micronauts toyline was based on and licensed from the Microman toyline created by Japanese-based toy company Takara in 1974.

Mego discontinued the Micronauts line in 1980 prior to the company’s bankruptcy and dissolution in 1982. Years after Mego’s demise other toy companies, such as Palisades Toys and SOTA (State of the Art) Toys, have attempted to revive the toyline over the years.

Takara first released Microman toys in Japan in 1974 as a smaller version their popular 8-inch-tall (20 cm) and 12-inch-tall (30 cm) 1972 Henshin Cyborg (Transforming Cyborg) line. Henshin Cyborg figures were based on Combat Joe figures — which themselves were based on Hasbro’s G.I. Joe figures — with their bodies molded in clear plastic, exposing their inner workings and supposed cybernetic parts.

By downscaling their size, Takara sought to create a toyline that would offset the sheer cost of producing a full line of plastic-based figures and related playsets as well as acknowledging that basic living space is limited for most Japanese households. Smaller Microman figures would not only cost less to produce during the energy crisis of the 1970s, the line’s smaller scale would also take up less physical space in a household and thus be more attractive to space conscious consumers in the Japanese market.

In Japan, the Microman figures themselves were marketed as actually being 3.75-inch-tall (9.5 cm) cyborg entities that hailed from a fictional planet known as "Micro Earth" and disguised themselves as action figures while on Earth.


In 1976, Mego licensed several Microman toys from Takara and marketed the toyline in North America and other countries as Micronauts. During their initial series 1 and series 2 release, Takara produced small quantities of products in Japan before production was officially moved to Mego’s facilities in Hong Kong.

While much of the initial Micronaut toyline offerings were simply repackaged versions of Takara Microman equivalents, some items in the Micronaut toyline were original Mego creations that used, modified and reconfigured parts from existing Takara toys. For example, the larger, 6.5-inch (17 cm) magnetic action figures Baron Karza and Force Commander were re-colorings of the Magnemo Kotetsu Jeeg action figures with newly designed heads. In addition, as the Micronaut line grew in popularity, Mego expanded the line by creating whole new figures from scratch such as the "Aliens" line which included Antron, Repto, Membros, Lobros, Kronos and Centaurus.



The Micronaut toyline sold extremely well for Mego, which at one point—according to Mego’s Executive VP of Marketing/Vice President of Mego Research and Development (1972-1980), Neal Kublan—generated more than $32 million in sales for the $110 million company during one period.

After Mego’s 1982 bankruptcy and dissolution, the original molds for many of the toys were sold to Hourtoys/M and D Toys for their Interchangables discount toyline, other original molds were sold to PAC Toys for use in their Lords of Light toyline and even Takara produced several series 5 toys for Italian licensee/distributor Gig’s i Micronauti line. Additionally, leftover Micronaut toyline stock from Mego’s production run was eventually sold for sale/clearance in North America by Lion Rock Limited under the Micronauts name. - From Wikipedia

The Micronauts comic books featuring a group of characters based on the Mego Micronauts toy line. The first title was published by Marvel Comics in 1979, with both original characters and characters based on the toys. Marvel published two Micronauts series, mostly written by Bill Mantlo, until 1986, well after the toy line was cancelled in 1980. In the 2000s, Image Comics and Devil's Due Publishing each briefly published their own Micronauts series. Byron Preiss Visual Publications also published three paperback novels based on the Micronauts. In July 2015, IDW Publishing announced that they would publish a new comic book series. In December 2015, it was announced that a live-action film version of the Micronauts was currently in development by Hasbro Studios and Paramount.

The Micronauts began life as comic book characters thanks to a fortuitous accident on Christmas 1977. Marvel Comics writer Bill Mantlo's son Adam opened a new present, a line of the Mego Corporation's Micronauts action figures. Seeing the toys, Mantlo was instantly struck by inspiration to write their adventures. Convincing then Editor-in-chief Jim Shooter to get the comics license for these toys, Mantlo was hired to script their series.

The first series of the Micronauts ran from January 1979 to August 1984 and included 59 issues and two Annuals. The series was written by Bill Mantlo and featured art by Michael Golden. Other artists on the series included Howard Chaykin, Steve Ditko, Rich Buckler, Pat Broderick, Val Mayerik, Keith Giffen, Greg LaRocque, Gil Kane, Luke McDonnell, Mike Vosburg, Butch Guice, and Kelley Jones. Micronauts, along with Moon Knight and Ka-Zar the Savage, became one of Marvel's first ongoing series to be distributed exclusively to comic book stores beginning with issue #38 (Feb. 1982).

In the United Kingdom, The Micronauts was first included as a supporting strip in Marvel UK's Star Wars Weekly comic in January 1979 for several months and then in the first nine issues of Star Heroes Pocketbook, alongside Battlestar Galactica, before joining the new Future Tense reprint anthology. Unlike the U.S. version, these strips were printed in black and white.

The Micronauts Special Edition five-issue limited series (December 1983-April 1984) reprinted issues #1–12 and a back-up feature from #25. The X-Men and the Micronauts four-issue limited series (January 1984–April 1984) was co-written by Mantlo and Chris Claremont and drawn by Butch Guice.

The second volume of Micronauts, subtitled The New Voyages, was published from October 1984 to May 1986 and ran 20 issues. The series was written by Peter B. Gillis and featured early-career artwork by Kelley Jones. After this series the Marvel-owned license lapsed.

From the late 1990s the characters Marionette, Arcturus Rann and Bug (all Marvel properties) have appeared in various Marvel titles (without referencing the Micronauts label). Bug has appeared in a solo one-shot and together with cosmic hero Star-Lord, as part of a new incarnation of the Guardians of the Galaxy. - From Wikipedia

Micronauts #2 February 1979 Marvel Comics

Cover pencils by Michael Golden, inks by Joe Rubinstein, script by Bill Mantlo, pencils by Michael Golden, inks by Joe Rubinstein

"Earth!":

Escaping from Prince Shaitan and Baron Karza, the Micronauts arrive on Earth where they are the size of small toys; Prince Shaitan succeeds in following them and attacks them in the garden of the Coffin Family. "Time Traveller: character profile, script by Bill Mantlo, pencils by Michael Golden, inks by Josef Rubinstein. "An Irresistable Force!" Hostess Twinkies ad featuring Iron Man.

$5.99 - Shop Now


Marionette

Princess Mari is an adventurer and living legend within the Microverse. On the day Arcturus Rann, son of the revered Lord Dallan and Lady Sepsis Rann, returned home from his 1,000 year journey exploring the far reaches of the Microverse, Mari's parents, the acting king and queen, were slain by the true authority of Homeworld, the tyrant Baron Karza. Mari disguised herself as a puppet while fleeing to join the rebellion, and adopted the name Marionette. Joining Rann, the rogue Insectivorid, Bug, the mighty crown-prince of planet Spartak, Acroyear, and Rann's roboid, Biotron, Mari and her roboid, Microtron became the team called the Micronauts. Under Rann's leadership, they shared many adventures both in the Microverse and traveling across the Spacewall barrier to Earth. Marionette fell in love with Arcturus Rann. Marionette and the Micronauts team ultimately defeated Baron Karza, but not until the Baron enacted a complete genocide across all of Homeworld. Mari and the Micronauts ultimately sacrificed their lives becoming Prime Beings, seeding life across Homeworld and restoring the planet to its natural state.

Through unrevealed means, Marionette, Rann, and Bug have been reborn, and continue to share adventures together as the Microns. - From Marvel Comics

Micronauts #3 March 1979 Marvel Comics

Cover pencils by Michael Golden, inks by Joe Rubinstein, script by Bill Mantlo, pencils by Michael Golden (breakdowns) and Joe Rubinstein, inks by Joe Rubinstein

"Death-Duel at Daytona Beach!":

The battle continues between the Micronauts and the soldiers of Karza after the opponents travel throughout space and arrive on Earth; After a massive battle and a lot of destruction, the Micronauts win, but it wasn't a happy victory; Bug is missing, the Endeavor is crippled, and the tracking device permits Baron Karza to discover a other world to conquer. Baron Karza illustration, pencils by Michael Golden, inks by Josef Rubinstein. "The Incredible Hulk Changes His Mind!" Hostess Cup Cakes ad.

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Revisit 1990's Classic 'Ghost Rider' #1   

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Ghost Rider #1 (2nd Series 1990) May 1990 Marvel Comics Grade NM

1st appearance of Danny Ketch (Ghost Rider II) and 1st appearance of Deathwatch. Written by Howard Mackie. Art by Javier Saltares and Mark Texeira.

"Lifes Blood!":
The Spirit of Vengeance returns! But who is this new Ghost Rider and what is his new mission. The House of Ideas redefines the supernatural for the 90s! Kingpin cameo.

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From Marvel Comics

Blaze became the most well known Ghost Rider from his 1972 debut in MARVEL SPOTLIGHT (1971) #5 through to the end of GHOST RIDER (1973) with ish #81 in 1983. However, an all-new GHOST RIDER series launched in 1990 with a new body under all that fire: Danny!

In the first issue, by Howard Mackie and Javier Saltares, readers met brother and sister Danny and Barb Ketch as they wandered through the Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn looking for Houdini's grave on Halloween Eve. They stumbled upon a robbery being committed by the masked villain Deathwatch against some of Kingpin's men. Barb screamed, which garnered attention in the form of a harpoon through the chest. Danny then dragged her to a nearby junkyard where he saw a motorcycle with a mysterious symbol on the gas cap...

Upon touching the glowing sigil, a burst of energy flowed through Danny and he turned into Ghost Rider, the Spirit of Vengeance! Though he looked similar to Blaze's Rider, Danny had a more biker-inspired look, with spikes and leather—plus the motorcycle itself took on a sleeker design.

This new Rider chased away Deathwatch's men and then took on the cops who wanted to arrest him before driving off into the night where he garnered the attention of even more police officers. Drawn to avenge Barb's spilled blood, the Ghost Rider remained focused on that mission, but as the sun rose, the demon ceded control to its human host...who had a lot of questions about what just happened.

He later made it to the hospital where his sister was being treated and found that she'd been stabilized. Wanting more answers, Danny returned to the strange motorcycle that night.

Meanwhile, a member of the Cypress Pool Jokers by the name of Paulie made off with the case that Deathwatch and Kingpin both wanted. She escaped and brought it to the mausoleum where her gang was hanging out. They opened it hoping for money or drugs, but found only mysterious canisters. Both sides wanted the contents of the case back and sent men to get it, putting Paulie's crew and plenty of innocents in the crossfire.

READ MORE

Ghost Rider #1 (2nd Series 1990) May 1990 Marvel Comics Grade VF/NM - $15.99

Ghost Rider #7 (1st Series 1973) August 1974 Marvel Comics Grade VG/F - $7.99

Ghost Rider #28 February 1978 Marvel Comics Grade VF/NM - $11.99

Ghost Rider #19 (1st Series 1973) August 1976 Comics Grade F/VF - $12.99



          

Vintage Knitting Pattern - Toddlers 3 Button Coat - PDF Download - 70’s Retro 1970s Sweater Coat or Jacket by PinkBunnyPatterns   

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2.50 USD

PDF knitting pattern.

How cute would this toddler coat be knit up in a soft blue or pink and finished off with a few vintage buttons! Originally printed in Canada in 1974 this pattern includes 3 sizes to fit a 20 - 24 inch chest.

Please see above picture for more information reguarding sizing, needles and materials originally used in this 1970’s knitting pattern.

Instructions are in English only.

Found the pattern you love but it’s not in your size? Not to worry! Check out By Gum By Golly’s series on her blog about resizing vintage patterns. - http://blog.bygumbygolly.com/2011/02/briar-rose-vintage-kal-resizing.html

This is a PDF of the original pattern (not the actual garment). Once purchase is complete, the file is available thru download here on Etsy and you can print at home!

Happy Knitting and Thanks for Looking!


          

شمعون بلاص... أن تكون يهودياً عراقياً يكتب بالعبرية في إسرائيل   

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بدلاً من أن يصبح إسرائيلياً صهيونياً، اختار الروائي الإسرائيلي من أصل عراقي شمعون بلاص منذ أن هاجر من العراق إلى إسرائيل في أوائل خمسينيات القرن الماضي حتى وفاته قبل أيام قليلة، أن يظل مخلصاً لهويته العربية برغم معرفته أنه يعيش في مجتمع يُنظر فيه إلى اليهودي العربي باعتباره أقل شأناً، وغريباً وعدواً.

في العام 1965، بعد 14 عاماً من من هجرته من العراق إلى إسرائيل، نشر شمعون بلاص مقالة وصفتها صحيفة هاآرتس بالرائدة، ناقش فيها هوية اليهود المزراحيين، وهو مصطلح يقصد به اليهود من أصل شمال أفريقي أو من الشرق الأوسط، والفرق بينهم وبين اليهود الأشكيناز (اليهود من أصل أوروبي).

"سأتحدث عن نفسي. لم أعرف العبرية عندما نزحت إلى إسرائيل، ولم يخطر ببالي في السنوات الأولى أنني سأكتب ذات مرة بهذه اللغة. آمنت آنذاك أن الأديب لا يستطيع الإبداع إلا بلغته الطبيعية".

في مقاله، تناول الروائي الذي ولد في بغداد في العام 1930، وهاجر إلى إسرائيل مع والدته وإخوته، حيث أرسلوا للعيش في مخيم مجدل في مدينة عسقلان الساحلية، كيف شاهد محاولة السلطات الإسرائيلية إلغاء الثقافة التي جاء منها، وإجباره على الاندماج في ثقافة الأشكيناز.

كتب بلاص في مقالته: "لسبب ما، اعتبرت الهيئات المسؤولة في البلاد أنه من واجبها تعليم القيم الثقافية للجماهير من المهاجرين الجدد، الذين يفترض أنهم يفتقرون إلى الثقافة. هذا النهج الخاطئ يعكس سوء فهم أساسي لمفهوم الثقافة".

وكشف بلاص عن أنه كان هناك إجماع إسرائيلي على أن المهاجرين أقرب للعجين في أيديهم ويمكن تشكيل عالمهم الروحي وفقاً للأنماط المقبولة لدى إسرائيل في ذلك الحين، إذ كانت تعتبر أن الدمج يعني التخلي عن الهوية الأصلية في مقابل الهوية الجديدة المكتسبة.

تقول هاآرتس إن بلاص بدلاً من أن يصبح صهيونياً إسرائيلياً، اختار أن يبقى مخلصاً للهوية التي عرّفها، وهي أن يظل يهودياً عربياً، مقتنعاً أنه على عكس اليهود الأشكيناز الذين عبروا البحر من أجل الوصول إلى إسرائيل ، برغم أنه "انتقل من مكان إلى مكان آخر داخل الشرق الأوسط" وبالتالي بقي في منطقة ناطقة باللغة العربية.

قبل هجرته إلى إسرائيل، كان بلاص عضواً في الحزب الشيوعي، الذي عارض الاحتلال البريطاني وطالب باستقلال العراق، وفي إسرائيل، انضم أيضاً إلى الفرع المحلي للحزب. وحينذاك كتب للصحافة الشيوعية في إسرائيل باللغة العربية، ونشر قصصاً في مجلة الجديد، وهي المجلة الأدبية للحزب الشيوعي، وعمل لاحقاً مراسلاً للشؤون العربية في الصحيفة الشيوعية باللغة العبرية كول هعام، لكن في العام 1960، وبعد ظهور جرائم ستالين البشعة، غادر بلاص الحزب.

أول إسرائيلي عراقي ينشر رواية بالعبرية

في بداية رحلته الأدبية لم يكتب شمعون بلاص إلا بالعربية، لأنه كان مؤمناً أن الإنسان لا يمكنه كتابة أدب شخصي قريب لهذه الدرجة إلا بلغته الأم، وفي البداية كتب روايته الأولى "المعبرة"، باللغة العربية، وبعد ذلك أعاد كتابتها بالعبرية، وصدرت في العام 1964 عن دار نشر "عام عوفيد"، ووقتذاك أصبح بلاص أول إسرائيلي عراقي ينشر رواية باللغة العبرية. وبعدها نشر 15 كتاباً آخر.

ناقش شمعون بلاص في غالبية كتبه العلاقة بين اليهود الشرق أوسطيين والعالم العربي، ووجه انتقادات لمحاولة الثقافة الإسرائيلية اعتبار نفسها أوروبية غربية، ورأى أنها بذلك تقتلع نفسها من سياقها الثقافي الجغرافي

في بداية رحلته الأدبية لم يكتب شمعون بلاص إلا بالعربية، لأنه كان مؤمناً أن الإنسان لا يمكنه كتابة أدب شخصي قريب لهذه الدرجة إلا بلغته الأم، وفي البداية كتب روايته الأولى "المعبرة"، بالعربية، ثم أعاد كتابتها بالعبرية

في غالبية كتبه ناقش بلاص العلاقة بين اليهود المزراحيين والعالم العربي، ووجّه انتقادات لمحاولة الثقافة الإسرائيلية اعتبار نفسها أوروبية غربية، ورأى أنها بذلك تقتلع نفسها من سياقها الثقافي الجغرافي.

في مقال له بالعربية كتب بلاص: "سأتحدث عن نفسي. لم أعرف العبرية عندما نزحت إلى إسرائيل، ولم يخطر ببالي في السنوات الأولى أنني سأكتب ذات مرة بهذه اللغة. آمنت آنذاك أن الأديب لا يستطيع الإبداع إلا بلغته الطبيعية".

وقال بلاص ذات مرة: "رأيت أنه من واجبي كعضو في الثقافة العربية أن أبذل كل ما في وسعي لكسر الستار الأجنبي الذي يفصل العالم العربي عن المجتمع الإسرائيلي. اللغة العربية هي عنصر أساسي في هويتنا، ونحن لسنا مختلفين عن الدول الأخرى التي تحيط بنا في المنطقة ".

في العام 1970، كتب أطروحة الدكتوراه في جامعة السوربون في باريس حول كيفية انعكاس الصراع الإسرائيلي الفلسطيني في الأدب العربي. بالإضافة إلى ذلك، نشر عشرات المقالات والعديد من الكتب الموجهة للحديث عن الموضوع نفسه، وفي العام 1974 بدأ التدريس في قسم اللغة العربية وآدابها في جامعة حيفا.

وتقديراً لعطائه الأدبي منح بلاص جائزة رئيس الدولة في مجال الأدب.

وفي السنوات الأخيرة عانى بلاص من مرض الزهايمر. لم يتمكن من معايشة تحقيق رؤيته، التي وصفها على النحو التالي: "قد تكون إسرائيل دولة مستقلة مندمجة في الشرق الأوسط، إذا انسحبت من كل الأراضي المحتلة، ونجحت في التطور داخل حيز البحر المتوسط وأن تتقبله وتتقبل ثقافته. ما يضايقني الآن هو أمر واحد فحسب، هو أنني على ما يبدو لن أتمكن من رؤية كل هذا يحدث".

رحل بلاص عن عالمنا من دون أن يعلم الإجابة عن سؤال طرحه ذات يوم، حين قال: "لماذا يمكن أن يكون هناك يهودي أمريكي، أو يهودي فرنسي، ولا يمكن أن يكون هناك يهودي عربي؟ هل لأن العرب يتم النظر إليهم كأعداء؟".

اليهود العراقيون

يبلغ عدد اليهود المنحدرين من أصل عراقي، والمقيمين في إسرائيل، نحو 450 ألفاً، منهم شخصيات بارزة، مثل الحاخام الأكبر "عوفاديا يوسف"، زعيم اليهود السفارديم، ورئيس أركان الجيش الإسرائيلي السابق "دان حالوتس"، و"بنيامين بن إليعازر" وزير الدفاع السابق.

وفي العام 2018، رحَّب الزعيم العراقي الشيعي مقتدى الصدر بعودة يهود العراق إلى البلاد من إسرائيل بشرط أن يكون ولاؤهم للعراق، وفق قوله. ولم يكن هذا التصريح هو الأول من نوعه للصدر، إذ سبق أن قال في العام 2013: "أهلاً ومرحباً باليهودي الذي يفضّل العراق على إسرائيل، ولا فرق في الوطنية بينه وبين المسلم أو المسيحي".

وفي العام 2017، كشف مقال نشرته صحيفة هاآرتس عن رغبات بعض اليهود العراقيين في العودة إلى العراق لالتقاط خيوط الماضي وتعزيز الصلات مع البلد الذي ولدوا فيه ونشأوا.

وبحسب بعض المصادر، حثت الحكومة العراقية اليهود على الهجرة من العراق حينًا، وأجبرتهم عليها في مرات أخرى، بل أرسلت قسرًا كل يهودي، تنتهي محكوميته إلى إسرائيل، لكن منهم من رفض الهجرة القسرية، فأمرت الحكومة بقتله. ويروي مكرم الطالباني كشاهد عيان على مذبحة سجن بغداد في حزيران/يونيو 1953، فيقول إنه سمع معاون الشرطة يحثُ عناصر الشرطة على القتل واقتحام السجن بقوله: "هؤلاء يهود تريد الحكومة إرسالهم إلى إسرائيل، ولكنهم عصوا، اقتلوهم".


          

24 famous airlines that have gone out of business   

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Pan Am Boeing 747

British airline and tour operator Thomas Cook ceased operations in late September.

The 178-year-old travel company shut down after failing to secure a £200 million rescue loan.

It joins a number of other low-cost and leisure-oriented airlines to collapse this year, including Wow Air and X, amid stiff competition along with political and economic instability. 

Over the past two decades, a number of well-known airline brands have disappeared from the aviation landscape. A large number of these brands have gone away due to mergers as airlines joined together in order to survive the brutally competitive market place.

Read more: Roughly 600,000 travelers are stranded around the world after the British travel provider Thomas Cook declares bankruptcy

Northwest and Delta merged to form the new Delta Air Lines. United and Continental merged to create the new United Airlines with planes painted in Continental livery. TWA was acquired by American Airlines. America West and US Air merged to become US Airways. American Airlines and US Airways then merged to form a new American Airlines under US Airways management. Virgin America was acquired by Alaska Airlines while AirTran Airways and Morris Air were acquired by Southwest Airlines. 

In Canada, Canadian Airlines was merged into Air Canada. While in Brazil, Varig was acquired by Gol. The UK's British Caledonian and British Midland were both acquired by British Airways, itself created by the 1974 merger of British Overseas Airways Corporation, British European Airways, and two smaller regional carriers. 

But with the sudden collapse of Thomas Cook in mind, we at Business Insider decided to compile a list of airlines that went out of business the old fashioned way, running out of money. 

Here's a closer look. 

This article was originally published by Benjamin Zhang in March 2019. It was updated by David Slotnick in October 2019.

SEE ALSO: The complete history of the 737 Max, Boeing’s promising yet problematic workhorse jet

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Lakers Airways Skytrain: defunct 1982.

Founded by Sir Freddie Laker in 1966, the airline and its fleet of McDonnell Douglas DC-10 "Skytrains" promised low-cost travel across Atlantic for half the price of its competitors. Unfortunately, the airline could not sustain the business and collapsed under the weight of £270 million of debt in February 1982. 



Braniff international Airways: defunct 1982.

The Texas-based airline was one of the most interesting and colorful companies in the business from its unique multi-color livery to its Emilio Pucci designer flight attendant uniforms. Sadly, the airline went belly up in May 1982 after racking up $733 million in debt. Subsequent attempts to revive the brand have proven to be unsuccessful. 



Eastern Air Lines: defunct 1991.

Miami-based Eastern Air Lines was one of the biggest names in the US airline business. Unfortunately, Eastern was plagued by labor strife and an inability to compete effectively post-deregulation. Eastern filed for bankruptcy in 1989 before ending flight operations in January 1991. 



Midway Airlines: Defunct 1991.

Midway Airlines began flying in 1979 following the deregulation of the US airline industry. The Chicago-based airline was able to survive the surge in fuel prices and the drop in passenger traffic resulting from the Gulf War. The airline shut down in November 1991. 



Interflug: defunct 1991.

Founded in 1958, Interflug succeeded Deutsche Lufthansa (different from West Germany's Lufthansa) as the national airline of East Germany. The airline failed to find a buyer after the reunification of Germany. Interflug shut down in February 1991. 



Pan American World Airways: defunct 1991.

Founded in 1927, Pam Am is arguably the most iconic name in the airline industry.  Unfortunately, the airline ran into financial trouble during the 1970s and 80s before going out of business in 1991. 



Tower Air: defunct 2000.

Founded in 1983, New York-based Tower Air operated scheduled passengers flights as well as military and leisure charters using its fleet of Boeing 747 jumbo jet. The airline ran into financial and operational troubles in the mid-1990s before shutting down in May 2000. 



Ansett Australia: defunct 2001.

Founded in 1936, Ansett Australia was the second largest airline in Australia when it shut down in September 2001. The airline's owner, Air New Zealand had to be bailed out by the New Zealand government to avoid bankruptcy following Ansett's collapse. 



Sabena: defunct 2001.

Founded in 1923, Sabena was Belgium's national airline until its collapse in November 2001. 



Swissair: defunct 2002.

Founded in 1931, Swissair was at one time one of the most respected airlines in the world. Unfortunately, the Swissair's "Hunter Strategy" that saw it take equity stakes in a handful of other airlines during the 1980s and 90s stretched the company's finances too far. Swissair ceased operations in March 2002. Its assets were transferred to regional subsidiary Crossair which was then reorganized into the Swiss International Air Lines. 



Aloha Airlines: defunct 2008.

Founded in 1946, the Honolulu, Hawaii-based airline ceased passenger flight operations in March 2008. 



ATA Airlines: defunct 2008.

Founded in 1973, Indiana-based ATA Airlines filed for bankruptcy and ceased flight operations in April 2008. The airline cited the loss of its military charter business as a contributing factor to its demise. 



Mexicana: defunct 2010.

Founded in 1921, Mexicana was Mexico's largest airline when it ran into financial trouble and shut down in August 2010. 



Spanair: defunct 2012.

Founded in 1986, Spanair was for much of its existence a subsidiary of SAS Group, the owners of Scandinavian Airlines. In 2008, SAS Group sold off its controlling share in the Barcelona-based airline. The loss-making airline shut down in January 2012 after the local Catalan government failed to find new investors for Spanair. 



Malev: defunct 2012.

Founded in 1946, Malev was Hungary's national airline until it ceased operations in February 2012 after the Hungarian government declined to continue funding the loss marking carrier. 



Kingfisher: defunct 2012.

Kingfisher was founded in 2005 by flamboyant Indian billionaire Vijay Mallya as part of his UB Group business empire. The airline was known for its colorfully painted aircraft and top-notch service. Kingfisher ceased flights October 2012 after the Indian government pulled the heavily indebted airline's operating license. 



Transaero: defunct 2015.

Founded in 1990, Transaero was one of Russia's largest privately-owned airlines. Unfortunately, Transaero collapsed in October 2015 due to $4 billion in debt. Fun fact, two Boeing 747-8 airliners that were due to be delivered to Transaero before its shut down will be converted into the next generation US presidential planes, aka. Air Force One. 



Monarch Airlines: defunct 2017.

Founded in 1967, Monarch Airlines a major player in the British leisure charter business. The airline ceased operations in October 2017. According to the Economist, it was the largest airline to ever fail in the UK.



Air Berlin: defunct 2017.

Founded in 1978, Air Berlin was once Germany's second largest airline. The carrier ceased operations in October 2017 after major shareholder Etihad Airways declined to continue financial support of the money-losing airline. 



Primera Air: defunct 2018.

Primera Air was a subsidiary of Icelandic tourism company Primera Travel Group. The low-cost carrier ceased operations in October 2018. 



Germania: defunct 2019.

Founded in 1978, Berlin-based Germania offered by charter and scheduled passenger service. The airline ceased operations in early February 2019 citing financial insolvency. 



Flybmi/British Midland Regional: defunct 2019.

Founded in 1987, Flybmi was once the regional arms of British Midland International. The airline was sold off in 2012 following BMI's acquisition by British Airways. Flybmi shut down in February 2019. 



Wow Air: defunct 2019.

Founded in 2012, the Icelandic ultra-low-cost carriers collapsed in March 2019 after failing to secure new investment from Icelandair and private equity firm Indigo Partners. 



Thomas Cook: defunct 2019.

After 178 years and various forms, the British airline and travel company collapsed in September 2019 after failing to secure emergency funding demanded by its creditors.




          

Homenagem a Veiga Simão   

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Ideias em Estante in Jornal Expresso:
A "Riqueza das Nações" é um dos livros que mais marcou José Veiga Simão, um físico – químico de formação que conheceu a obra de Adam Smith durante o seu doutoramento em Física Nuclear em Cambridge (1953 -57)."Na altura os doutorandos tinham aulas de cultura geral e discutiam entre si os problemas mais actuais de diferentes áreas do saber", afirma o professor, adiantando que uma das "questões do momento" era de teor económico ("A economia é ou não uma ciência?"). "A minha sedução por este livro resultou, essencialmente, de me chamar a atenção para a importância para o progresso da produção científico-económica e para a perspectiva inovadora de uma mais íntima inter-relação entre a Ciência e a Economia", afirma Veiga Simão, que considera "que não é por acaso que muitos qualificam Adam Smith como o "pai da ciência económica", e não é por acaso que o título inicial do livro era "Inquérito sobre a Natureza e as Causas da Riqueza das Nações".
Confessando que os livros que mais o marcaram se situam em áreas do conhecimento como a "Origem do Universo", a "Estrutura da Matéria" e a "Origem da Vida", o professor reconhece que esta obra clássica lhe ofereceu "uma visão globalizante, de processos em evolução permanente sobre criação, circulação e repartição da riqueza, ou seja, sobre a competitividade entre nações."
Veiga Simão, que é tido por muitos como o pai das reformas educativas em Portugal, tendo sido mentor de projectos como a criação da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, a de Aveiro, a do Minho, a de Évora e até mesmo a Universidade de Lourenço Marques, concluiu dizendo que "reflectir sobre a pobreza, vencendo-a, e dinamizar mecanismos de sucesso na criação de riqueza exige cultura científica para que seja uma ambição permanente de cidadania. A leitura da "Riqueza das Nações" ensinou-me este caminho."
 
Sobre Veiga Simão
José Veiga Simão, licenciado em Ciências Físico-Químicas (Coimbra), Doutor em Física Nuclear, (Cambridge), Doutor em Ciências Físico-Químicas, com distinção e louvor, com 20 valores (Coimbra), Reitor da Universidade de Lourenço Marques (1963-70)., Ministro da Educação Nacional (1970–74); Embaixador de Portugal nas Nações Unidas (1974 –75); Ministro da Indústria e Energia, (1983- 85); Ministro da Defesa Nacional, (1997-99)
Recupero a obra partilhada pelo Professor Veiga Simão, Vizinho, Amigo, Senhor. 
A toda a família apresento os meus sentimentos. 

 

http://livrosavoltadomundo.blogs.sapo.pt/14549.html 

 


          

Comentário a DIOGO FREITAS DO AMARAL    

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Ao longo de muitas horas hesitei se deveria fazer algum comentário sobre o falecimento do Senhor Prof. Diogo Freitas do Amaral. Quem sou eu para dizer algo que acresça ao muito que já foi dito e ao que ainda se dirá por pessoas legitimadas para o dizer, como tu, Henrique. Mas se nos últimos tempos tenho tido o privilégio de, por vezes, te acompanhar, a título de comentador, nos teus artigos aqui publicados, achei que este seria também o momento de te enviar umas linhas e deixar à tua consideração a sua publicação ou não.
Abstenho-me de fazer qualquer panegírico do Senhor Professor ou de realçar qualquer aspeto do domínio público, tarefas que outros assegurarão com legitimidade e brilhantismo. Não o conheci pessoalmente, pese embora tivéssemos, em dado momento, um amigo comum. Um e outro comungavam as mesmas raízes nortenhas, e o nosso amigo, nos anos “de brasa”, não se cansava de o elogiar e de me transmitir a visão do Senhor Professor sobre o Portugal de então.
Nem sempre o nosso pensamento político coincidiu, mas apraz-me sublinhar, uma ocasião, difícil, em que tal aconteceu – foi na contestação à segunda guerra do Iraque. Vivia eu então em Madrid e manifestei a minha repulsa a esta no limite que o exercício das minhas funções institucionais o permitia.
Finalizo com duas notas.
A primeira reporta-se às sequelas da maioria silenciosa de 28/9/1974 ou do famigerado golpe de 11/03/1975 (não estou certo), em que houve uma clara perseguição a militantes ou a simpatizantes do CDS. Na empresa onde eu trabalhava destacava-se uma militante que tinha fixado, junto ao seu posto de trabalho, um autocolante do CDS. Assisti, cobardemente, a um colega a destrui-lo. Ainda hoje a minha passividade pesa-me na consciência.
A segunda nota refere-se ao período em que o Professor foi Vice-1º Ministro, do Governo presidido pelo Dr. Pinto Balsemão, tendo como Ministro das Finanças o Dr. João Salgueiro e como Ministro da Indústria o Prof. Bayão Horta (1981-83). Para salvar uma importante empresa industrial que, na altura, teria alguns 7 mil trabalhadores, (para além de muitos outros, em outras empresas que dependiam daquela, na qualidade de fornecedoras, todas situadas numa zona industrial crítica), e que tinha significativa obra praticamente concluída, a qual iria para sucata, no caso de não serem concluídos os 2% que faltavam, seria necessária a publicação de um delicado diploma legal. Este tinha o acordo dos Ministros sectoriais mencionados, e existia um sólido suporte jurídico por parte de eminentes jurisconsultos de Lisboa, de Coimbra e de Amesterdão. Havia a necessidade de o diploma ser aprovado em Conselho de Ministro e para tal era condição imprescindível o acordo do Prof. Freitas do Amaral, que o deu após aprofundar o tema. A empresa manteve-se à tona de água durante uns anos mais… e este caso, integrado numa visão cronologicamente mais ampla, viria a ser objeto de tese académica, anos decorridos.
Abraço.
Carlos Traguelho

          

From Trump to Nixon: "Watergate" Film Explains "How We Learned to Stop an Out of Control President"   

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President Donald Trump called openly Thursday for the leaders of Ukraine and China to investigate Trump's campaign rival Joe Biden and Biden's son Hunter for corruption. Trump's explicit remarks during a press conference came as leaders of the Democratic-led House pushed ahead rapidly with their impeachment investigation. President Trump is just the fourth U.S. president to face a formal impeachment inquiry, joining Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton. We spend the hour looking at back at the Watergate scandal, which led to Nixon's resignation in 1974 and is the focus of a documentary titled "Watergate — Or: How We Learned to Stop an Out of Control President." Drawing on 3,400 hours of audiotapes, archival footage and declassified documents, the film chronicles the dramatic events surrounding the break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in 1972, which precipitated Nixon's eventual resignation two years later under threat of impeachment. We play clips from the film and speak with its director, Charles Ferguson, who won an Academy Award for his documentary "Inside Job."
          

Megerle.Co: брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650 Zero Excess   

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Megerle.Co: брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650 Zero Excess

Энди Мегерл (Andy Megerle) придерживается простой философии: «хватит мечтать — пора изготавливать!» — У него неплохо получается, что доказывает новый брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650, сделанный для девушки.

За основу проекта взят Yamaha XS650 1974 с расточенным мотором. В течение нескольких недель Энди развалил раму, отрезал часть, приварил наклоненную трубу и сделал классное плоское седло. Он изменил угол наклона задних амортизаторов, чтобы мотоцикл смотрелся более быстрым. Затем перебрал вилку, чтобы добиться нужной высоты.

Другие детали:
  • кастомный выхлоп из нержавеющей стали + глушители с керамическим покрытием
  • фара Suzuki RV50 + интегрированный спидометр Motogadget в стиле Honda Z50 Monkey
  • задние фонари Hella от старого грузовика Mercedes


Megerle.Co: брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650 Zero ExcessMegerle.Co: брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650 Zero ExcessMegerle.Co: брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650 Zero ExcessMegerle.Co: брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650 Zero ExcessMegerle.Co: брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650 Zero ExcessMegerle.Co: брэт-кастом Yamaha XS650 Zero Excess

          

Links to the past forum   

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The 42,000 year old remains of Mungo Man and Mungo Lady are some of the oldest human remains discovered outside of Africa. Their discoveries in 1974 revealed the intricate and complex cultures of Aboriginal peoples, not yet known to the Australian public.

At the forum, speakers from previous sessions, Dale Kerwin and Leonie Coghill, are joined by Professor Steve Webb and Dr Chelsea Bond to discuss links to the past and how they impact us today.

Professor Webb has undertaken decades of research and work with Aboriginal communities, studying Australian Aboriginal ancestral remains, including those of Mungo Man.

Dr Bond is an Aboriginal (Munanjahli) and South Sea Islander Australian who works as a senior lecturer for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies Unit at The University of Queensland.

Part of the Remains and repatriation series. 

Date: Wednesday 5 November 2014
Speakers: Dr Chelsea Bond, Leonie Coghill, Dale Kerwin, Professor Steve Webb
Venue: Auditorium 1, Level 2, State Library of Queensland


          

Brisbane Floods   

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Join Queensland historian Helen Gregory for an intriguing conversation about floods in Brisbane and learn more about why history matters.  Hear about the frequency of floods, the warnings, heroes, scandals, generosity, despair, hope and renewal.  How have the significant floods of 1893 and 1974 been remembered and what has been forgotten? What legacy will 2011 leave?

Part of the Out of the Port lecture series.

Presented in partnership with the Department of Environment and Resource Management Heritage branch.

 

When               Sat 19 Feb, 2011. 2pm
Where              slq Auditorium 1, level 2
Duration: 1:23:11 mins


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