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Session: Peloponnesian War:: A Meat Design, Some Compelling Narrative and a Dude Named Alcibiades: 1st MN Gives Peloponnesian Wars a Go Jan 2020: BIG Thumbs Up   


by Herr Dr

Background: Story and Game Space

Get this book: a great read.

This too.


"Alicibiades was a gifted and flamboyant Athenian statesman and general whose shifting of sides during the Pel War in the 5th century BCE earned him a reputation for cunning and treachery. Good-looking and rich, he was also notorious for his extravagant lifestyle and loose morals. Never short of enemies or admirers - amongst whom was Socrates - he was one of the most colorful leaders in the history of Classical Athens." – M. Cartwright, 2013 -

The Peloponnesian War is one of history’s greatest stories: full of supporting characters, great plot twists, irony, treachery, Berg random events, a boatload of factions/minor states, two primary protagonists, the evil empire lurking on the edge, love interests, goats, figs and wild toga parties. A PERFECT conflict for a meaty, chromed up, operational strategic wargame. Fertile ground for any game designer.

One of the hobby’s best ever designers, Mark Herman first dove into this pool back four decades ago: The Art of Siege (Tyre – 1978). That was followed by the first version of this game in 1991, The Great Battles of Alexander (published 1991…expanded in 1995, updated in 2014), War Galley (1999), Hoplite (2014) and, finally, Pericles: The Peloponnesian Wars (2017). Coincidently, a favorite ground for his life long jedi master bunk made, Richard H. Berg also played a lot in the ancients sandbox; producing the definitive operational strategic beast on the Roman Republic: Carthage: The First Punic War

Herman’s interest in combined operations is also apparent in his masterpiece, Empire of the Sun, Pacific War: The Struggle Against Japan 1941-1945 and the Fleet Series. There is a fluidity to operational strategic games – land and sea (and later air) – and a distilled complexity of the political arena - that always seem to evident in Mr.H's games.

Enough with the ode to Mark H. So, what about the game space Pel Wars calls home?

My Hallowed Dozen and Half Op Strategic Games: To Be Saved in the Event of Zombie or Nuclear Apocalypse

Game space: Solitaire. Ancients.

Wasn’t a big solitaire fan until recently. Used to play Raid on St N back in the day. Loved it. Last few years have played a few - Struggle for the Galactic Empire , A Spoiled Victory: Dunkirk 1940 and Enemy Coast Ahead: The Doolittle Raid, really enjoyed the game play and have now at least graduated to “closet solitaire fan” status. I should say, I do NOT play solitaire games to solve puzzles, but primarily to see if it produces a compelling historically plausible story. Yes, I like to feel some struggle accomplish some goal, but, its not "the thing".

In contrast, I’ve always been a Ancients nutcase. Covered the topic a number of times on Guns, Dice, Butter : Episodes XI, XXV (the last episode before my current extended 4 YEAR! break). Four of my top 20 games cover Rome and Greece.

So, given my interest in the Pel Wars story and a growing appreciation for solid solitaire games, Peloponnesian War was an easy sell (I missed the original game back in 1991). Plus, toss into the mix that I'm a BIG fan of Pericles: The Peloponnesian Wars . Recently, we (Mark H and myself) published 2 player variant of that game (Polemos aka Mano a Mano) in C3i #33 . So, my head wasfocussed on the Pel Wars topic. I managed to get the new game on the table quickly after this x-mas present arrived.

A Bit about the Game...


Game Map

Components: Top notch GMT rugged. Beautifully thick counters, mounted map, decent card stock for a few playaids, well written rule book and useful playbook.

Only draw back - a peeve - are the tired squares (remember the original map from Paths of Glory ?), circles and triangles to denote spaces on the game map. Another peeve; the spaces weren't numbered. Yes, there is a gazette and grid, but, numbering would have worked MUCH easier instead of constantly looking up this or that obscure ancient location (obscure at least for a non Ancient Greece geography expert).

Friedrich / Maria helped show us the way to denote spaces without obscuring the underlying map and keeping the focus on the counters or game bits. Many designers have picked up on the trend. See the recent beautiful map from Nevsky : no circles or squares on that gem. I am REALLY hoping these holdovers from days of yore will be forever banished soon. More regarding point to point map design: Dots, Squares or Areas: Point to Point Wargame Map Designs: Good, bad and ugly.

Rant finished. Like I said, components GMT standard solid and well done.

Decent Counters: THICk and the counter art is fine and functional

Playbook: Good context, example of play, etc.

Top of Class Game Design

A.I. : Strategy Matrix

The Game Engine

What happens in a turn? Essentially, you play either Sparta or Athens, the AI plays the other. You "win" by gaining 150 VPs (10 its for winning a battle/siege), -15 for losing...and a number of points if one side surrenders (either).

A Political Phase helps determine which side you will play (it can change!), random events (some cool ones), Delian League Rebellion and generation of leaders (random). Strategic Phase determines the AI that will guide the side you are not playing.

During the Operation Phase, Player and AI takes turns activating a leader and conducting an operation: moving someplace - and maybe triggering an interception (when you trigger the Zone of Influence of an enemy force) on your journey...and then needing to win a battle if it occurs (either a die roll or a function of larger forces). On the way to the objective, you ravage enemy spaces (which later impacts income and "Bellicosity"). Operations end thru a variable die roll (a "6" with a modifier based upon how many leaders have conducted operations). The punter then resolves combat, conducts siege resolution and determines whether forces go home or stay in the objective space of an operation. Battle and siege outcomes push something called the Strategy Confidence Index (which in turn impacts Bellicosity - think of it as strategic will).

Odds and ends are then wrapped up: primarily the spread of rebellions, revenue collection, construction and bellicosity adjustment (first time it falls to 6 {10 pt scale}, peace breaks...if it ever reaches 0 for a side, game over).

What's the heart of the game? The non player side is governed by a VERY cool and damm smart strategy matrix. For example, in the case of Sparta they will either follow a triggered defensive strategy or cause offensive trouble: Attack Athens (either the city or close spaces), Cause a Rebellion somewhere, try to cut an important LoC (which can have significant impact on Athens money) or pick on an Athenian Ally. In all cases, the strategy select specifies a force that must be gathered and then employed following the shortest path to a particular objective.

A few comments:

1) I didn't feel I was playing an AI idiot. Hats off to Mark H for selecting strategies that helped plausibly create a believable and coherent storyline.

2) The AI sticks to the particular strategy for the entire turn. I didn't really like that (the strategic situation can change during a turn). So, I sometimes, for giggles, rolled again to generate a new strategy within a turn.

3) Mandatory force composition. I totally understand why Mark H took this path, but I also tweaked that for my own taste via a die roll to introduce a little variability.

Complexity? Game length? Not that complex a game. You will encounter some situations and overlook a few rules your first play through. Don't sweat it: post a question and/or read the FAQ. Based on my experience, I dawdled (enjoying the narrative generated) , game length is probably around 4 to 5 hours (30 minutes a turn).

So, what's so cool? Besides the Strategy Matrix, I REALLY DIG how game functions impact the Strategy Confidence Index and the Bellicosity Track. Reminds me A LOT of Strategic Will in one of favorites, For the People . Would really like to see this design mechanic tried in other games (strategic confidence and bellicosity).

I asked Mark H: "So, what's the pedigree of this game? What game does it steal from? What gave birth to?".

Mark H said one word: Alicibiades

Me: "Huh?"

Mark H: "He switched sides during the conflict. I thought I needed that trigger in the game: a player with the possibility to switch the side they are playing during the game."

I think that is brilliant: it helps with the A.I. bot if a player can take it over and deal with the situation the player may have precipitated.

I also thought the land and naval operations were WELL integrated. Naval rules always suck Not here. Same with all Herman games I've played: he's cracked the code for integrated land sea operations.

I thought the economic system was off. Good mechanics, but, just produced too much money.

What didn't I like?

Only thing that really bugged me were the treasuries for each side. I didn't feel any real economic constraints. Each side ended my game with a TON of money. I like having to pay money for each SP involved in an operation. I liked how ravaging, rebellions and line of communication cuts reduce income. I just thought it was too cheap to build SPs and the penalties were too light when bad sh*t happened.

One minor beef is that I thought the game needed a summon command. Essentially, a player would (or AI) would draw forces from the board, roll on a table, and they would appear or not. This instead of running around to locations to collect forces.

Any other mechanic I thought could be "richer"

Game needs three other tracks: Persian intervention, Delian reliability and Peloponnesian reliability. Would have been cool if somehow sides (and game developments) could influence evil empire intervention. Currently, the game handles this via a random event. Also, would have really dug reliability tracks for Sparta's and Athens' allies.

Of course, this would have added to game weight. Herman's games are almost always elegant; almost never overwrought. I'm guessing he thought about it and decided understandably on simplicity. Oh well, maybe I'll do a few house rules as a variant.

Scenarios? 2 Player? Yes and Yes. I really want to try the two player game.


Beloved Chrome

Not Bergian, but definitely a decent amount. Mark H with with a few, but fat approach vs a many, but thin approach. All the primary historical personalities are represented in the game. The random events are varied and interesting. Would have liked to see some of the minor states have more flavor/rules, but, I'm a nutcase in that respect.

Random Events

So, a GREAT package and whip smart design. On to the play session...

Early Game: Turns 1 > 3: Athenian Ascendency

T1o2S (Game Turn 1 Operations #2 Conducted by Sparta)

TURN 1: Initial Sparing

So, Sparta began by raiding Athens and ravaging a few areas close to it. Given my first play of the game, I had no idea how to maximize Athens interest. What to do? Well, I am familiar enough with the war to have a decent understanding of each sides strengths and weaknesses, their various campaign and the geographic considerations. Accordingly, the Athenians decided to send Pericles on an initial ravaging tour to Cyllene. The turn then ended with a few unlucky pass rolls.

Pericles was unsuccessful in the siege of Cyllene due to spirited Spartan resistance. However, the siege of Potidaea brought Athenian success and 10 VPs.

At the end of the turn, we had the following:

Athens $7.6k, 0 SCI (Strategy Confidence Index) and 10 Bellicosity

Sparta $4.2k, -1 SCI and 9 Bellicosity


TURN 2: Athens Gains a Slight Edge

T2o2S (Game Turn 2 Operations #2 Conducted by Sparta)

Turn began with Sparta being hit by an earthquake: the rulers blamed the slaves and cut rations. Athens decided to continue the indirect approach by sending a force to Larisa. However, the expedition was successfully intercepted.

Sparta responded with a lunge to Sigeum. A Athenian fleet pounced and unexpectedly caused a battle. It was subsequently destroyed. VPs fell to -5. Athens then dispatched Thrasybulus to Hermione for a raid, hoping to regain some prestige. Sparta decided to attempt to raid Potidaea (note: I was mistakenly selecting a strategy each operations for the non phasing player, but, it seemed to make for good game play, so what the hell) This time a triggered naval battle sent Sparta's Corinthian allied navy to the bottom at Aegina: VPs +5.


Heartened by a naval victory, the Athenian Ecclesia dispatched Phormio to Cyllede. The Corinthian navy again was defeated: VPs +15. Athenian sieges of Cyllene and Thrasybulus worked, but the loss of Sigeum tempered Athenian spirits. VPS ended at +20. Regarding the game tracks:

Athens: $12.8k SCI +3 Bell 10
Sparta: $5.5k SCI -1 Bell 7



TURN 3: Athens Steps Backwards

Turn began with a die roll to determine if I would switch sides in true Alcibiades style: I did. I decided to dispatch a force to Panactum. However, Athens neutered the force at Pegae. The A.I. then generated a trip to Syracuse by Athens. Appropriately, the tactical zero, Nicias was given leadership. Nicas was able to get ashore in Sicily. Sparta launched a raid on Panactum, but, they would eventually fail. Last activity in the turn witnessed Athens reinforcing its Sicilian expedition. On the way to Syracuse the Spartan Home Guard intercepted Demosthenes. In a surprise battle, somehow the gods granted the lowly democratic rabble a stunning victory. The Spartan Home Guard was destroyed. VPs fell to +5. Three turns and no player progress towards victory (150 VPs).

Sparta, sensing a going Athenian advantage, decided an armistice was in order...a 3 turn armistice...9 years! (historically, there was relative peace from 421 B.C. to 413 B.C....I think about turns 4 > 6).



Mid Game: Turns 4 > 6: Let's Party Like its 421 BC

Armistice parties break out in Sparta and Athens

During the armistice, both sides reaped an economic windfall, held parties and built forces. At the end of turn 6, Athens coffers were overflowing with $27.3k. Sparta was rich also: $15.5k. Only one minor event occurred with a small state reeling (Olynthus). With only 3 game turns remaining, I had my work cut out.

Late Game: Turns 7 > 8: The Spartan Bounce Back

T7o1S (Turn 7 operation 1 Sparta

Turn 7 began with a raid on Epidamnos. Why there? The side controlling picks up a cool $1k if it controls during revenue collection.

T7o2A: Athenian overconfidence...


The rest of the turn's operations involved an early pass by Athens (blame democracy), Sparta dispatching Gylippus to Corcyra, triggering and winning an engagement (that would later trigger a rebellion among Athen's fair weather allies) and a Perinthus raid. Sieges conducted: Methydrum (deep in Spartan territory) fell, Perinthus held out and Athens suffered a setback at Corcyra. VPs at 20. Game tracks:

Athens: $25.5k, -1 SCI, 6 Bell
Sparta: $17k, +1 SCI, 7 Bell

Athen's position was deteriorating and Sparta smelled fear in the decadent democratic enemy.

TURN 8...


Thrace switched sides (sensing the changing fortunes of war). Due to Athenian debacle at Corcyra, a Delian League Rebellion broke out at Miletus and quickly spread to other locations.

Athens moved to avenge Corcyra, but suffered a battle defeat. VPs to +30. Sparta attempted a strike on Potidea, but Athens allies managed to turn back a superior Spartan force. Athens again tried Corcyra: Spartan effectively parried. Turn ended with a whimper with both sides passing. However, a couple of developments occurred that would have important ramifications for the final turn: Sparta was able to leave an elite force at Corcyra and the Delian rebellion spread in the southeast.


The Curtain Falls on Athens: Turns 9

At this point, I was 120 points from victory: a TALL order. Herman's nifty Alcibiades mechanic resulted in myself sticking with Sparta. The Delian rebellion spread to Olynthus in the north.

Sparta began the fateful final turn with a lunge on Larisa, but its small force was intercepted and lost via skirmishing.

A.I. dictated that Athens move on the Spartan force at Corcyra. Note: I house ruled a minor adjustment in the size of the Athenian force in order to prevent me the player calculating the optimum defending force: I hate old school perfect plan crap like that. The Athenian and Spartan navy faced off...dice rolled...a total Athenian disaster. VPs to +40.

On the third op, Sparta dispatched big stud Lysander to open a can of whoop arse on sleeping Athenians at Sicyon. On the way there, Spartans destroyed enemy forces at Larisa. The rebellion was gaining support. VPs jumped to +50.

A.I. again dictated Athens march into the meat grinder known as Corcyra. More disaster resulted from the hedonistic democrats. The were intercepted and eliminated to the man. VPs hit +60.


Next up, Sparta decided to lure the Athenian navy into a trap by triggering an interception of the Corinthian navy. Confused Athenians took the bait and intercepted. BIG naval battle. Dice were tossed into the air. When they finished spinning, a draw battle resulted - sending all involved forces to the "going home" box: meaning, they were out of the game for the movement...meaning Athenian naval superiority preventing Athens from being sieged...meaning, "SPARTANS! THE GATES TO ATHENIAN BEAUTIES ARE WIDE OPEN!".

Athens, seized by fear, were frightened into inaction: they would pass for the remainder of the game.



Sparta, oddly (rumors of political corruption), dispatched their worst general, lowly Pleistoanax, to Athens with a large Spartan force. At least he could manage to siege the place. Whether he could successfully organize a successful siege (a 50/50) was the question of the day and game.


The dice gods decided to bless Sparta was with three more operations. What to do? Launch raids on other locations and hope for successful sieges? Two would yield an additional 20 VPs. Or, reinforce the attempt to take Athens with better leaders? The Spartan oligarchs shouted, "SIEZE ATHENS!" We decided to split the difference...a leader dispatched to Cnidus...while the cream of the crop, Brasidas, would lead the assault on the den of mod rule: aka Athens.

Man of the hour..."Brasidas (d. 422 BCE) was an enterprising and successful Spartan general during the early years of the second Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) between Athens and Sparta. His successes against the Athenians tilted the balance of the war back towards the Spartans after their disaster at Pylos (425 BCE). Brasidas encouraged a number of revolts against Athens and detached a number of cities, including the important city of Amphipolis, from the Athenian Empire. At the Battle of Amphipolis in 422 BCE he defeated an Athenian army led by Cleon; however, both generals died in the fighting. He was also responsible for Thucydides’ change of career from general to historian." - by John Bloxham, 2016

So, time to determine siege success and victory or defeat. The siege at Cnidus succeeded: VPs to +70. However, Sparta's siege of Scione failed. On to the main fight: Athens. First the battle: a lopsided defeat of the girlie mon Athenians. Now the siege. Given the leadership of Brasidas!, we'd need anything but a downer "1" on the die roll. A red die was carefully selected. It was tossed into the air...hit the table...spun...and stopped. A "2". Sparta sacks Athens.

T9 Athens falls!

The battle and subsequent siege success pushed VPs to +90. Athens sued for surrender lending another 30 points (a function of the turn a side surrenders on). VPs at 120. In order to win, a player needs 150. So, defeat. But, hell, my Spartans sacked Athens and engaged in debauchery.

We'll call it an immoral victory.

End of game position

Wrap Up: BIG Thumbs Up

The Post Game Immoral Victory Feast and Celebration of Brasidas!

I had a blast.

I found the design presented strategy challenges, produced good story and created plausible historic campaigns in the right combo to satisfy what I want from a solitaire game. I'll put on the shelf next to my other three recent play (I've published AARs on each) solitaire favorites: Struggle for the Galactic Empire , A Spoiled Victory: Dunkirk 1940 and Enemy Coast Ahead: The Doolittle Raid

It was meaty: a number of the design mechanics (bellicosity, strategic confidence), enough beloved chrome and sufficient dials to spin/nobs to pull. I look forward to trying the two player campaign sooner than later.

Get yourself a copy if you dig operational strategic games regarding the ancients. Pick up a copy of Song of Wrath prior to playing and you'll be good to go.

Link to other 1st MN/Sawatdee/Herr Dr AARs: 1st MN/Sawatdee/Herr Dr Session Reports

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Precision Poultry Management Assistant/ Associate Professor (Tenure Track) | The University of Georgia   

Athens, Georgia, All applicants must possess a Ph.D. in Poultry/Animal Science, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, or a closely related technical field. To be considered for the rank of Associate Professor, cand

9 hotels αλλάζουν την Oμόνοια   

9 hotels αλλάζουν την Oμόνοια

«Aπόβαση» Brown Hotels, Fattal, Accor,CTY Group, Dimand, Sterner Stenhus


Στο αποκορύφωμα των «πέτρινων χρόνων» της ελληνικής οικονομίας, η πλατεία-«σύμβολο» για την ζωή και την ιστορία της Aθήνας (εκεί, όπου τα πρώτα σχέδια επί εποχής Oθωνα, το 1834, προέβλεπαν την κατασκευή των βασιλικών ανακτόρων) υποβαθμίσθηκε και απαξιώθηκε.


Mαράζωσε, «άδειασε», δεν θύμιζε πια σε τίποτα το «λαμπερό» της παρελθόν. Tώρα, που η κρίση «φεύγει», η «καρδιά» της πρωτεύουσας ξαναχτυπά. Kαι η Oμόνοια, δείχνει να «ανασταίνεται» και εξελίσσεται σε «hot spot» σημαντικών επενδυτικών κινήσεων δεκάδων εκατομμυρίων ευρώ, με επίκεντρο τον τουρισμό.


H παρουσία νέων καταστημάτων και ισχυρών εμπορικών brands ήταν, ίσως, ένα «πρώτο βήμα» για την σταδιακή «επιστροφή» της στην «αίγλη» περασμένων δεκαετιών. Tο επόμενο είναι η «άφιξη» 9, τουλάχιστον, 5άστερων (ή 4άστερων) πολυτελών hotels διεθνούς «προφίλ» που θα αλλάξουν την όψη της και θα την κάνουν ξανά «σημείο αναφοράς» για πλήθη επισκεπτών της.


Σε καιρούς που το ξενοδοχειακό real estate της πόλης των 5 εκατ. κατοίκων έχει ανακάμψει πλήρως, εξακολουθεί να προσελκύει ηχηρά ονόματα και μόνο η ισραηλινή φίρμα Brown Hotels που πραγματοποιεί το πιο δυναμικό «μπάσιμο» στην Oμόνοια έχει «στα σκαριά» 3 μονάδες!


Yπάρχει, όμως, και δεύτερος «παίκτης» από το Iσραήλ ο οποίος ενεργοποιείται στην ευρύτερη περιοχή, όπως και άλλα δυο ξένα μεγάλα ξενοδοχειακά brands από Γαλλία, Kίνα, HΠA, ένας ομογενής businessman εκ Σουηδίας, αλλά και ένας, το λιγότερο, εγχώριος όμιλος, χωρίς να αποκλείεται σύντομα η εμφάνιση και άλλων...


H Brown Hotels ετοιμάζεται, συγκεκριμένα, να λειτουργήσει το κλειστό από το 2010 πρώην Acropol, ως Brown Acropol (με 165 δωμάτια, συνεδριακούς χώρους, roof top bar-restaurant κ.α.), στο τέως La Mirage στην οδό Kοτοπούλη το οποίο έχει υπομισθώσει από τον επιχειρηματία του κλάδου Στέλιο Iωαννίδη κάνει εγκαίνια τον προσεχή Mάη (με 208 δωμάτια), ενώ, το «τρίτο χτύπημα» θα προέλθει από την μετατροπή του μισθωμένου κτιρίου που στέγαζε επί χρόνια τα γραφεία του KKE, στην συμβολή Kοτοπούλη και Bερανζέρου, επίσης, σε ξενοδοχείο! 


Tο έτερο ισραηλινό group, η Fattal δημιουργεί ξενοδοχείο απέναντι από το αρχαιολογικό Mουσείο στην οδό Aβέρωφ 7, με την επωνυμία Leonardo Boutique Athens, δυναμικότητας 84 δωματίων και προβλέπεται να ανοίξει τις πόρτες του το 2021. H Fattal έχει αναλάβει, μέσω μακροχρόνιας μίσθωσης και παραχώρησης εκμετάλλευσης και την αξιοποίηση του πρώην Esperia Palace στην Σταδίου, επενδύοντας πάνω από 10 εκατ. ευρώ...



Στους μεγάλους ξένους «παίκτες» του ξενοδοχειακού κλάδου, οι οποίοι «επενδύουν» στις προοπτικές ανάπτυξης του ελληνικού τουρισμού και «παίρνουν» θέση στο μέχρι πρότινος υποβαθμισμένο κέντρο της Aθήνας, διαβλεποντας την «αναγέννησή» του, ανήκουν ο γαλλικός όμιλος Accor και η Kινεζικών συμφερόντων εταιρία CTY Group.


H πρώτη θα αναγείρει ξενοδοχείο στο σημείο που υπήρχε κάποτε το κατεδαφισμένο θέατρο Aθήναιον πλησίον της Oμόνοιας, στη συμβολή των οδών Πατησίων και Mάρνη 2, το οποίο να ενταχθεί στην αλυσίδα IBIS Styles. H δεύτερη μετατρέπει σε 4άστερη ξενοδοχειακή μονάδα (49 δωματίων) το κτίριο γραφείων στις οδούς Zήνωνος και Πειραιώς και σύμφωνα με το χρονοδιάγραμμα θα υποδεχθεί τους πρώτους πελάτες το 2022.


H Dimand του Δημήτρη Aνδριόπουλου μετατρέπει σε ξενοδοχείο το Σαρόγλειο Mέγαρο, στο τέλος της οδού Σταδίου στην Oμόνοια, το οποίο μίσθωσε για 25 χρόνια και θα το λειτουργήσει ως Moxy, τη γνωστή αλυσίδα ξενοδοχείων του αμερικανικού «κολοσσού» της Marriott (η οποία έχει εισέλθει στην ελληνική τουριστική αγορά με το Moxy Patra Marina, τον Aπρίλιο του 2019), θα διαθέτει 200 δωμάτια και αναμένεται να είναι έτοιμο Άνοιξη του 2021.


O όμιλος Sterner Stenhus του Eλληνοσουηδού επιχειρηματία Hλία Γεωργιάδη, απέκτησε το πρώην ξενοδοχείο Eλλάς, στην διασταύρωση των οδών Γ’ Σεπτεμβρίου και Σατωβριάνδου και στο επόμενο διάστημα, μετά την εκ βάθρων ανακαίνισή του, θα ακολουθήσει η επιλογή της εταιρίας που θα αναλάβει την διαχείρισή του.


Στα επενδυτικά σχέδια για την ίδια περιοχή, περιλαμβάνεται ο ανασχεδιασμός και η μετατροπή του κτιρίου που φιλοξενούσε τα γραφεία της ιστορικής εφημερίδας «Aπογευματινή», στην οδό Φειδίου 12, πίσω ακριβώς από το Titania, σε νέο 4άστερο signature ξενοδοχείο 35 δωματίων (Urban Hotel Athens), με την έναρξη των εργασιών να τοποθετείται τον Mάιο...



H «συγκέντρωση» των νέων hotels γύρω από την Oμόνοια, σε συνδυασμό με το γεγονός ότι αρκετά από αυτά περιλαμβάνουν και συνεδριακούς χώρους, συντελεί ουσιαστικά στην δημιουργία νέων επιχειρηματικών meeting points στο κέντρο της πρωτεύουσας, σε μια περίοδο που η ελληνική οικονομία «επανεκκινείται».


Παράλληλα, η ιδιαίτερη δυναμική που αναπτύσσεται από τις luxury ξενοδοχειακές μονάδες συμπαρασύρει και άλλους κλάδους όπως αυτόν της εστίασης, με αποτέλεσμα να ανοίγουν το ένα μετά το άλλο εστιατόρια κάθε είδους που υπόσχονται ένα νέο μέλλον για την πλατεία -ορόσημο της χώρας. H πλατεία Oμονοίας, η οποία παραμένει κλειστή από τις αρχές του 2019 για ανακαίνιση, θα παραδοθεί ξανά στους πολίτες σύντομα για να σηματοδοτήσει την είσοδο στη νέα δεκαετία.


Kινητικότητα καταγράφεται, πάντως, και σε άλλα σημεία της ευρύτερης περιοχής, όπως π.χ. την Πλατεία Bικτωρίας και την οδό Γ’ Σεπτεμβρίου, με τις πληροφορίες να αναφέρουν ότι μεγάλοι εκπρόσωποι του τουρισμού αναζητούν τα κατάλληλα κτίρια για να τα μετατρέψουν σε σύγχρονες ξενοδοχειακές μονάδες.


Hλίας Γεωργιάδης: H Pasal, το Eλλάς και οι νέες ευκαιρίες στον τουρισμό

Aυτοδημιούργητος, αφού ξεκίνησε από το «μηδέν» μια δική του τεχνική εταιρία, μόλις αποφοίτησε από το Γυμνάσιο, το 1998, χωρίς καμιά «οικογενειακή παράδοση» στο χώρο, ο Hλίας Γεωργιάδης κατάφερε να δημιουργήσει ένα ισχυρό όμιλο επιχειρήσεων με επενδύσεις αξίας 250 εκατ. ευρώ και σημαντική συμμετοχή σε εισηγμένη εταιρία αξίας 800 εκατ. ευρώ.


Mετά την συμφωνία απόκτησης της σύμβασης ΣΔIT (σχολικά κτίρια στην Aττική) από την «Άβαξ» από τον σουηδικό όμιλο Sterner Stenhus του οποίου ηγείται, ο ομογενής επιχειρηματίας έκανε το deal με τον Σωτήρη Θεοδωρίδη (μέσω AMK 10 εκατ. ευρώ,  με κάλυψη από την Sterner Stenhus, για το 88% της Pasal Development- με το portofolio των ακινήτων της να εκτιμάται στα 35 εκατ.) και βάζει στην «εξίσωση» και τον ξενοδοχειακό κλάδο.


Πέρα από την περίπτωση του ξενοδοχείου Eλλάς (αλλά και την εξαγορά δυο αποθηκών στον Aσπρόπυργο), εξακολουθεί να «χτενίζει» την ελληνική αγορά για νέες ευκαιρίες και στα hotels, επιδιώκοντας να τοποθετηθεί και στον τουρισμό, με μια όσο δυνατόν πιο ισχυρή θέση, υλοποιώντας  ένα επενδυτικό πλάνο 159 εκατ. ευρώ σε «βάθος» 3ετίας!


O όμιλος Sterner Stenhus έχει δύο κύριες δραστηριότητες, στο real estate (αγορά, διαχείριση ακινήτων) και τις εξωτερικές ανακαινίσεις κτιρίων...




Biblical Apologetic for America's Constitutional Monarchy   


Gods_government_store__.jpgBob Enyart and Doug McBurney discuss KGOV's Biblical Apologetic, below, for The Proposed Constitution of America. The founding fathers, the David Bartons of the world, and many Christian educators have been historical revisitionists. They've claimed, wrongly, that God's disapproved of Israel’s demand for a king demonstrates that He is opposed to nations being governed by a monarchy. See though at our proposal begins, "A constitutional monarchy governs America." Listen to today's program to hear, or see the Scriptures below that document, that long before Israel demanded a king, God had planned to establish a throne in Jerusalem which the Messiah Jesus Christ would later inherit.

Today's Resource: God's Principles of Government: Watch this video to join Bob Enyart as he explores God's Principles of Government. From Against Democracy where we look at the biblical principles related to the idea of majority rule, to a Representative Republic and its similarities with democracy, to a real Alternative to Democracy, to what a Bible-based Constitution actually looks like, after this series, the Scriptures' principles of governance will permeate your thinking like never before! Or your money back. (Really.)

Bible Apologetic for America's Proposed Constitution

[Draft: Check back throughout 2020 for progress on this document and feel free to email your suggestions to Thanks!]

The rationale for America's proposed Constitution consists of a political defense (not yet posted online) and the biblical arguments below. Note the dramatic differences between America’s Proposed Constitution and the current U.S. Constitution. Many conservatives blame America’s moral decay upon a departure from the constitution. However, as of early in the 21st century a growing number of Christians see the current U.S. Constitution itself as a compromise document that promoted decline, legitimized the destructive influence of democracy and representative republicanism, authorized the federal government to tax the importation of slaves, and in Article I counted most Blacks as 3/5ths of a person. If this apologetic for America’s new Constitution fails, then perhaps her existing Constitution is acceptable. If the reasoning herein prevails however, then the existing U.S. Constitution (which, regardless, is itself unconstitutional) stands condemned.

[Links Note, Etc. Many links herein will become live, Lord willing, throughout 2020 as the KGOV staff, with input from our audience, works on the Proposed Constitution set of documents.]

Monarchy: Biblical Apologetic [Political Defense; Against Democracy; Against Republics; Constitution] "The Constitution of America establishes a monarchy." Why? Consider the following.

- Many Christians believe that God opposes monarchy because he disapproved of Israel’s demand for a king.
- After Israel’s period of Judges, God permitted the nation to rule herself by way of a monarchy.
- Was an Israelite monarchy a concession on God’s part, or an afterthought, or was it part of His plan?
- God established the Davidic throne in Jerusalem, through which (Mat. 1:1) the Messiah brought salvation.
- For “...unto us a Child is born... and the government will be upon [Him] ... upon the throne of David.” Isa. 9
- As God said to David, “I will set upon your throne the fruit of your body [i.e. Christ, vv. 17­18].” Ps. 132
- “For God is my King from of old, working salvation” Ps. 74:12
- From of old, by an ancient plan, “the Lord God will give [Jesus] the throne of His father David” Luke 1:32.
- David himself knew that of the fruit of his body God “would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne” Acts 2:30
- God thought well of monarchy long before the Jews demanded (1 Sam. 8) that Samuel give them a king.
- For “The LORD is King forever and ever...” (Ps. 10:16)
- Already in Abraham’s time, God foreshadowed Israel’s Messiah as both king and priest, by way of Melchizedek.
- For Abraham tithed to “Melchizedek king [and] priest of God” (Gen. 14:18), a type of Christ. Heb. 6:20
- By Moses God said: “you shall surely set a king over you whom the LORD your God chooses” Deut. 17:15
- History and prophecy work together to show that God planned to establish Israel’s monarchy in 1000 BC.
- Revisionist Christian historians wrongly claim that God disapproved of monarchy and did not plan for a king.
- Israel had rejected Samuel, God’s leader, and she refused to wait on the LORD for a king in God’s own time.
- God foreknew that Israel’s impatient demand for a king would coincide with His overall plan. [Deut. 17]
- 400 years before Samuel, God commanded that Israel’s future kings should obey the Mosaic Law. Deut. 17
- God told the king to “be careful to observe all the words of this [Mosaic] law” in his kingdom. Deut. 17:19
- God ordered the king to obey the law centuries before Solon of Athens got the credit for that idea. Deut. 17
- God told the king to “write for himself a copy of this [Mosaic] law... and he shall read it” Deut. 17:18­19
- God wanted Israel’s future kings to trust Him rather than to rely upon their own strength. Deut. 17
- Any righteous king of Israel would tend to “prolong his days in his kingdom” Deut. 17
- One generation prior to God’s own timing, Israel demanded a king and got Saul, in about 1051 BC.
- Both Benjamites, the Apostle Saul and King Saul, were in a sense both “born out of due time” 1 Cor. 15
- So Israel demanded a king (1 Sam. 8) one generation before God had planned to give her one.
- A Davidic­type monarchy and the Messiah’s ascension to its throne were not afterthoughts, but planned.
- “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.” Jud. 17:6, 21:25
- Jesus is not the Senator of Senators, but the King of Kings. 1 Tim. 6 Rev. 19

[C P] Against Democracy: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution]
- The majority is evil Mat. 7.
- “...wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and... many... go in by it.” Mat. 7:13
- “...narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it.” Mat.7:14
- Since the majority is evil, majority rule is guaranteed, over time, to be evil.
- So majority rule, on average, hastens government’s descent into wickedness.
- Since the majority is evil, once a democratic government becomes evil, virtually nothing can restore it.
- While individuals often repent and turn toward God, the masses rarely do, especially not of their own leading.
- As in the modern vernacular, the Bible calls governing officials “authorities.” Rom. 13 Titus 3 Luke 12 Acts 16
- Government authority does not imply majority rule, but rule over the majority.
- Rom. 13 Democracy promotes arrogance, suggesting to people that the governing leaders should obey them.
- Democracy: people obey the gov’t, which obeys the people, who obey the gov’t, which obey the people, etc.
- Circular authority suffers from the same weakness as circular reasoning: both lack a valid foundation.
- Democracy promotes arrogance suggesting to people that they should be able to lord it over their neighbors.
- “Better to live under one tyrant 3,000 miles away, than 3,000 tyrants one mile away.” ­The Patriot film
- True authority, like water, flows downhill not up, not from the people to rulers but from rulers down. (Num. 16:1-40)
- Authority flows from God, through government, to men and passes through parents to reach children.
- “Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities...” Rom. 13:1
- For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God.
- “Governing authorities” are from God and each official should act as “God’s minister” Rom. 13. [i.e., God has appointed all authority structures, of parents, ministers, and governing officials.]
- Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and... will bring judgment on themselves. Rom. 13:2
- For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do what is good... Rom. 13:2
- God never established governance by committee, but governance by individuals.
- The desire to rule over others (Mat. 20, Mark 10) lurks among the vulgar lusts (Mat. 20; Mark 9; 10).
- Democracy exalts the vice of brazen self-­promotion to the center of public life.
- In denial of Scripture, leftists believe men are basically good and so support rule by the people.
- Leftists inflate individual authority to release men from the restraint of government, church, and family.
- Man’s inherent sinfulness indicates that democracy will systematically worsen government.
- Unlike majorities, even wicked individuals, i.e. Pontius Pilate, may decide justly, for their own reputation’s sake.
- In the Rebllion of Korah, God destroyed the 250 Representatives of the People (Num. 16:2-3, 35)
- Elections “by smooth words and [with] flattering speech deceive the hearts of the simple.” Rom. 16
- Acluin’s Letter to Charlamagne 800 AD foolishly states “the voice of the people is the voice of God.”
- President Millard Fillmore rightly said, “May God save the country, for it is obvious the people will not.”
- The forces of Hell love democracy, including Hillary, Hollywood, Humanists, and Homosexuals.
- Because the majority is evil Mat. 7, democracy, that is, majority rule, is inherently an evil government system.
- In a monarchy the king is likely to be corrupt, but he does not legalize his own criminal behavior.
- In a democracy everyone is made king, and laws are changed to permit widespread criminal behavior.
- Since the majority is evil Mat. 7, democracy, that is, majority rule is inherently an evil government system.

Against Republics: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution]
· NOT DONE. Note God's treatment of the Representatives of the People in Numbers (Korah).

A Constitutional Monarchy calls upon the King to obey its righteous law.

  • ·  King David did not expropriate land, but purchased it (2 Sam. 24:24; 1 Kings 16:24; 21:4).

  • ·  God commanded kings to obey His law (Deut. 17:14­20). [C P]

    The military serves as the King's command. · INTRO.

"... And the general of the king’s army was Joab" (1 Chr. 27:34).
"David said, '​Whoever attacks the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain.' And Joab the son of

Zeruiah went up first, and became chief." (1 Chr. 11:6). CONCLUDE. [C P]

Two Just Functions: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political Defense]
The Constitution of America authorizes the government to perform only two functions. Why?

· God established three institutions: family, church, and government, each with specific functions.

In an example of separate duties, God requires the family to raise children, not government or the

The family disciplines children for childish disobedience; the government and the church do not.

The church, which today is the Body of Christ, offers salvation from sin; the family and the

government do not.
The government convicts and punishes criminals; the family and church do not.

The government, not family or church, manages shared infrastructure such as airwaves and waterways. The Bible shows that God gives government authority over criminal justice and infrastructure. [C P] Other than crime fighting and infrastructure, God gives government no other authority. See Genesis to

Rev. [C]
Criminal Justice: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]
The primary just function of government is defense of God­given rights.

“Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed...” Gen. 9:6
God instituted the death penalty thereby creating governmental authority, and that over even life itself. Authority is needed to rightly issue commands. Mark 1 Titus 3 Mat. 8 Num. 27
Authority is needed to rightly impose punishment. John 5 Luke 20 Acts 9; 16; 26 Rom. 13 Rev. 9

From Genesis to Revelation, including several New Testament passages, God supports the death penalty.

Execution is at the heart of the Gospel, for Jesus Christ was crucified.
Of the two others being crucified with Jesus, the Bible records that they were being executed justly. Government must prioritize, and the greatest crime is murder, and the most fitting punishment for it is

The death penalty is at the heart of criminal justice, and therefore, at the heart of good government.

Rom. 13

A properly used military always supports criminal justice, so principles of criminal justice apply to the military.

With the death penalty, God launched the dispensation of human government. Gen. 9 [C P]

Infrastructure: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]
The secondary function of government is to provide infrastructure.

You shall prepare roads for yourself...” Deut. 19:3
God gives to the government, and not to any other entity, the responsibility of building roads. God commands the government to build roads partly to facilitate criminal justice.
God gave His command to build roads in a chapter of Deuteronomy regarding criminal justice.

Criminals favor a disorderly society, for the disarray provides cover for them to commit crimes and to

An orderly (and thus easily traveled) society favors the government and those who abide by the law.

Justice is government’s primary function; its secondary role of providing roads facilitates its primary

Extrapolating from Deut. 19, the government has authority to provide not just roads but infrastructure.

Infrastructure facilitates land, water, air, and space transportation with roads, bridges, canals, air lanes,

Infrastructure facilitates distribution of water and coordinates use of public radio waves, parks and

A principle discerned in Deut. 19 is that the government has authority that private entities lack.

Private entities lack the authority to acquire the right­of­way to build a highway system.
The Bible says little about infrastructure but little needs to be said: government provides

Private entities also lack authority to decree the use of radio frequencies, rivers, public lands, earth

orbits, etc.
The Deut. 19 infrastructure principle applies directly to rivers, harbors, air space, radio airwaves, etc.

file:///Users/bobenyart/Documents/GodsFormGov/Constitution/ConstitutionApologetic.html 4/23

6/23/2015 Bible Apologetic for America's Constitution

[C P]

Against Republics: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution] · .[CP]

· This RealAudio talk discusses government, republics, and democracy.

For Monarchy: Biblical Apologetic Judiciary: Biblical Apologetic

Jury vs. Judge: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  “Crucify Him!”. [C P]

    Judicial Hierarchy: Biblical Defense

  • ·  .[CP]

    Judicial Advice: Biblical Defense

  • ·  .[CP]

    Willing Escalation: Biblical Defense

  • ·  .[CP]

    Forced Escalation: Biblical Defense

  • ·  .[CP]

[C P]

[Constitution Political]

Not Above the Law: Biblical Defense

  • ·  A judge is not above the law; so he has no authority to judge the law. [C P]

    No Appeals for Criminals: Biblical Defense

  • ·  Appeals increase crime; denying appeals reduces crime, the caseload, and thus, judicial errors. [C P]

    Prosecutable Judges: Biblical Defense

  • ·  Judges who negligently dispense their duties, especially in acquitting the guilty, encourage crime. [C P]

    Part­time Judiciary: Biblical Defense

  • ·  Ending the effective monopoly attorneys have on the bench, a host of lay judges will trim dockets. [C


    Unpaid Judiciary: Biblical Defense

  • ·  A paycheck turns judging into a job, criminals into clientele, and thus eliminates outrage. [C P]

  • ·  ShadowGov will publish the criminal procedure on March 1 and its political defense on March 10. [C]

    Evil judge Pontius Pilate, concerned about his reputation: correct verdict.
    Tosses the decision to a jury of Christ’s earthly peers, they convict Him, then disband.
    Pilate has an excuse to do wrong, and thinks he can wash his hands of the responsibility.
    Prov. 11:14 “Where there is no counsel, the people fall; But in the multitude of counselors there is


Pontius Pilate is arguably the most evil judge in history, for sentencing Jesus Christ to death, after

finding Him innocent.
And yet, we see that even the most evil judge in history rendered a true verdict, and the jury shouted

crucify Him.
Remember this verse, as a condemnation of trial by jury: verse 23, Luke 23:23.

Mankind has experimented for centuries now with the progressive, left­wing notion of justice by

Juries, i.e., justice by committee, is a failure.

Judges must once again become responsible for justice, and for the courtroom results.
A judge may wash his hands after he oversees the jury’s miscarriage of justice, but that water will not

cleanse him of his guilt. Juries have no accountability.

Group action dilutes responsibility, and creates the excuse of majority rule.
A murderer prefers a committee to a judge, knowing that a jury increases his chance to evade justice.

If men are basically good, then more of them should improve their findings, but men are basically

sinful, and while even sinful people can often reach proper verdicts, juries will systematically undermine justice, so that its no longer a justice system, now its just­a­system.

Let me say that again: It's no longer a justice system, now it's just a system.
A jury system lets a murderer like OJ Simpson go free, and it gives one like Scott Peterson a fighting

chance, with one of the jurors, by the way, who right now is sequestered during deliberations in Modesto California hotel, one of the jurors is a woman whose boyfriend years ago was arrested for murder, and after he was convicted, she married him while he was in jail.

That's one of the people standing up for justice.
The jury selection process typically involves seeking the most uninformed and apathetic.

Know­nothings, those who know nothing about the biggest stories of our day, the know­nothings are

the most qualified, and the apathetic and indecisive, those who’ve lived their whole lives and are rather ambivalent about fundamentals, like the death penalty, our jury system seeks out the ignorant, the apathetic, and the indecisive, into whose hands we commit the tranquility of our nation.

And the media shows the joke it has all become, when you can take a panel discussion of a jury trial,

and run it by accident as a pre­game show for a sporting event, and the audience would hardly realize the mistake.

For analysis of jury trials have little to do with justice, and mostly to do with style, and entertainment,

and emotion.
Of course, this jury may find Scott Peterson guilty of murdering his wife Laci, and their son Connor,

that may happen, for even a broken clock is right twice a day.
But the man wrongly accused stands a better chance of exoneration from a trained judge than an

amateur jury.
For even an evil judge, like Pilate, has a reputation to consider, but a jury disbands into nonexistence.

A virtually anonymous jury disbands, and the jury no longer exists.
To quote Al Gore: there is no controlling legal authority; it vanished.
Juries have no earthly accountability, so, while there's an accountability chain a mile long for spending

a dollar of tax money, there's no accountability in ten­thousand criminal cases, where the most serious business of government goes unanswerable.

So if a jury lets a murderer go free, and he murders again, no one is accountable.
And in our country, something so routine that it has become cliché, is the child molester that goes free,

or virtually without punishment, and is released to hurt again, and again, and again. And there is no accountability.

But wait for Judgment Day, because God keeps record.
As we can see by the trial of Jesus Christ, the most famous court case in history, we have been sold a

bill of goods supposing that security lies in justice by committee.
Juries that are often lenient with violent criminals, are conversely cruel to Christians who try to save

innocent life, and to good parents who lovingly discipline their children.
The criminal justice system must protect the innocent from, not subject them to, the public.

Just over a week ago, I interviewed a man running for president, who was describing America’s

government as based upon the Bible, and there were a number of times I had to challenge him, including when he said that we have the biblical right to a jury trial, for which I interrupted him saying, Michael, the Bible does not call for jury trials.

And rather than defend his position, he was after all running for president as a Christian candidate, he

meekly conceded the moment.
There might be a verse or two he could twist into some weak support for a jury system, but the Word

of God does not teach justice by committee.

Armed Forces: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]
The King commands the military. Why?
· The officials of the King's Court include the "general" of the "army" (1 Chr. 27:34).

· The army is "the king’s army" (1 Chr. 27:34). [C P]

The constitution permits military protection of America: persons, land, and resources, from threats foreign, domestic, and natural. Why?

The constitution permits the King to use the military to defend our allies. Why?
Gen. 14: Abraham, Lot, etc. "made war."@@
· Healthy males insist on protecting, not being protected by, their wives, daughters, mothers, and sisters.

[C P]
The Constitution prohibits compulsory drafting of soldiers. Why rely on a volunteer army and not

· The Mosaic law calls for voluntarily military service since compulsion can destroy morale (Deut.

· "'What man is there who is fearful and fainthearted? Let him go and return to his house...'" (Deut.

20:8­9). [C P]
The Constitution prohibits women in combat or field support roles. Why?

The Constitution, consistent with a statement in its Dedication, mirrors some but not all of Israel's war practices.

In Scripture, the man is the default defender of his family and his nation.
"Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for her" (Eph.

"every male individually, from twenty years old and above—all who are able to go to war" (Num.

1:2). [C P]
Regional Authorities: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]

Myriad state, county, and municipal bureaucrats cannot legislate or levy taxes. [C P]
Local authorities apply America's Code of Use regulations to their jurisdictions for real estate and

Manage local police authority.

Infrastructure: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]

Transportation Infrastructure: Biblical Defense
Centralized coordination facilitates speedy travel over or through land, water, air, and space. [C P]

Free Use of Infrastructure: Biblical Defense
Liberty includes the right to travel, at ones own expense but without government tolls, over land and

sea. [C P]
Private Firms: Biblical Defense

The King should use private firms since they typically outperform and cost less than government services. [C P]
Privatize Some Infrastructure: Biblical Defense

The King may not privatize land or water transport infrastructure because human rights depend upon such. [C P]
Regulation of Resources: Biblical Defense

The power of government to enforce its decisions makes it uniquely qualified to apportion water rights. [C P]

Parks and Forests: Biblical Defense
Unless sold or otherwise used, vast tracts of forests and public lands require management. [C P]

Buying and Selling: Biblical Defense
The government will need to purchase land, buildings, equipment, supplies, and sell excess

inventories. [C P]
Forced Sales: Biblical Defense

No rules are provided for getting a fair appraised value because any leader will either be fair or not. [C P]

file:///Users/bobenyart/Documents/GodsFormGov/Constitution/ConstitutionApologetic.html 7/23

6/23/2015 Bible Apologetic for America's Constitution

America’s Code of Use: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political Code] begins publishing America’s Zoning Code on July 1, 2001. begins publishing America’s Use of Infrastructure on Jan. 1, 2003. [C P]

America has a single real estate zoning code, applied throughout the nation to parcels of land by

agreement of real estate owners or mediation by local judges. No zoning can be applied retroactively to outlaw existing buildings, developed facilities or patterns of use. Grand­fathered

America's Use of Infrastructure contains regulations for the use of government­protected utilities. It

also contains America’s Traffic Code which enables subjects to travel safely throughout the nation. America's Code of Use is appended to this document, is fully authoritative, and is herein incorporated into the Constitution of America.

America’s Criminal Code: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political Code]
· The Criminal Code does not have thousands of of laws but a handful of principles printed on a single

· publishes the Criminal Code on Mar. 1, 2000 to one day replace existing law. [C P]

Rights of Subjects: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political] God­given Rights: Biblical Defense

· People have the right to fail without government intervention. [C P]

Needs vs. Rights: Biblical Apologetic
· The government should not tax as a way to compel charitable giving for welfare or any other reason.

[C P]
Responsibilities of Subjects: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]

God­given Rights: Biblical Defense
· People have the right to fail without government intervention. [C P]

Needs vs. Rights: Biblical Apologetic
· The government should not tax as a way to compel charitable giving for welfare or any other reason.

[C P]
The Treasury: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]

Five Percent Income Tax: Biblical Defense [Against Sales Tax, Tariffs]

  • ·  No need for IRS­like tax collectors. Judges handle tax evasion as they would any other theft. [C P]

    Against Sales Tax: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  The middle class will pay tax on nearly one hundred percent of their income. [C P]

    Against Tariffs: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  Tariffs, as a commerce transaction toll, share many of the same shortcomings as a sales tax. [C P]

    Tax Evasion: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  Since tax evasion is so easy to commit, such convicts get flogged to intensify deterrence. [C P]

    Variable Tax Rate: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  Averaged over time this provision lets the market seek its own, optimal, non­arbitrary tax rate. [C P]

    Against Welfare: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  “Do not steal,” is violated by the welfare state. [C P]

    Socialism: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  KEEP: Socialism: regarding latch key kids: “...a child left to himself brings shame to his mother.”

    Prov. 29:15

  • ·  Socialism makes conspirators of the public as it convicts them of theft­by­receiving. [C P]

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6/23/2015 Bible Apologetic for America's Constitution

Against Communism: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  Communist countries endorse evolution and oppose theism to rationalize their criminal behavior. [C P]

    Against Public Education: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  The government does not have the right to force someone to pay for another man’s education. [C P]

    National Debt: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  A debtor nation is more at risk being less able to defend its sovereignty than a creditor nation. [C P]

    King’s Compensation: Biblical Apologetic

  • ·  The King’s compensation should increase as the income of his subjects increases, and vice­versa. [C P]

    Carved in Stone: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]

  • ·  The arguments for the Amendment Process also defend this provision. [C P]

  • ·  Joshua engraved the law on stone. [C P]

  • ·  By the Constitution, the five­percent tax rate may occasionally drop to one percent.

  • ·  never increases above five percent. The government surplus, invested well, may produce enough

    income, with the additional one percent tax revenues, to fund the government indefinitely. If so, find, the rate stays at one percent, effectively lowering the rate. Of course, many Monarchs will not have the best interest of the country, nor of the subjects, in mind. Theft...

  • ·  Government support of the redistribution of wealth is expressly forbidden. The government cannot

    inspire or enforce any form of socialism, communism, or collectivism. Further, it cannot nationalize, take over or regulate any business, health care or service, including education. The government, at every level, is specifically forbidden to tax or spend money for the purpose of education.

  • ·  If someone is wrongly accused of tax evasion, his false accuser must pay restitution for the reasonable expenses incurred by the taxpayer in mounting his defense.

  • ·  FIX: Subjects may pay taxes weekly, monthly, quarterly or annually with no interest penalty assessed for annual payment.

  • ·  The King may specify the medium of exchange acceptable as tax payment.

    Treaties: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]

    [This section was copied into the Web 20051231 file for uploading on 20060410]

    America shall not enter into a foreign treaty. Why not?

God prohibited Israel from making "a covenant with the inhabitants of the land... lest it be a snare."

Ex. 34

Israel's treaty prohibition applied explicitly only to nations to be displaced within the Promised Land. Israel's incidental treaty ban, by extension, can become a wise, general prohibition on treaties.

External agreements supersede internal agreements, whether within ourselves, a family, a group, or a

By definition, treaties supersede national law, putting the entire nation under prevailing external

God expected Israel to abide by their treaties even though He had commanded them not to enter into

The current U.S. Constitution reflects the biblical principle of the precedence of international

"all Treaties... shall be the supreme Law of the Land..." ­U.S. Constitution Article VI

Biblical arguments against making new laws validate a treaty ban because treaties actually create new

law. [C]
America will honor existing treaties.

Although God prohibited treaties in Canaan, the Bible shows He expected such treaties to be honored, if made.

The Gibeonites misrepresented themselves as a distant people, and thereby tricked the Israelites into a treaty.

No contradiction exists between both prohibiting entering into treaty, and if made, expecting it to be upheld.

God gave Israel commands of absolute morality, as well as symbolic commands, and incidental

Commands of absolute morality include prohibitions on, for example, kidnapping, adultery, and

Israel's symbolic ordinances included regulations on fabrics, food, and days of special observation.

Incidental commands included those such as cross the Jordan, and do not make a particular covenant. Incidental commands like "cross the Jordan" belong to an instance in history and are subordinate to

God and His covenant nation Israel formed a unit, so to speak, with other nations external to that

God would never insist that Israel, nor any party, honor any agreement that requires a party to sin.

The Israelites did sin by making their Gibeonite treaty, but would have sinned again by violating that treaty.

Covenants (agreements, treaties, oaths) lie at the heart of the entire plot of the Bible.
It was an oath of salvation that God "promised to our fathers" and remembers in "His holy covenant"

Luke 1

Joshua complied with the Gibeonite treaty, even though tricked into that undesirable agreement.

Joshua 9
Centuries after it was ratified, God condemned king Saul for violating the Gibeonite treaty. 2 Sam. 21

America will honor existing treaties, but only if justice permits.

God required Israel to honor external agreements, even though making them violated His incidental

The very concept of treaty is based on morality, for it would be wrong for a party to violate agreed­

upon terms.
A treaty that violates morality nullifies itself, since agreements themselves are meaningless apart from

Any agreement that requires sin (murder, theft, adultery, perjury, etc.), is automatically null and void.

A party can not unilaterally terminate an undesired agreement, unless it requires any party to commit sin.

If justice permits, America must honor existing treaties, even when those treaties are undesirable. [C] Why exempt foreign governments from treaty obligations to America?

  • ·  Parties in covenant (contract, treaty, etc.) have the authority to mutually alter or terminate said covenants.

  • ·  America desires to live in liberty, maximized as justice permits, only under those few necessary laws.

  • ·  America desires to free itself from burdensome layers of law, and more so when such are supra­laws.

  • ·  America desires other nations to live in liberty, and wants them freed from unnecessary layers of law.

  • ·  America exempts treaty partners from such obligations in hopes that they will justly exit such treaties.

  • ·  When a partner in a treaty (contract, etc.) exits or breaks that treaty, the other party can release itself.

  • ·  If a party breaks even a solemn agreement, the other party "is not under bondage in such cases." 1 Cor.


  • ·  Prohibitions against non­Levites eating the holy offerings illustrate the release of a broken covenant. Lev. 22

  • ·  One party exiting a multilateral treaty (contract, etc.) does not automatically release all other parties.

  • ·  If a party exits a multilateral treaty, America can justifiably end treaty commitments toward that party.

  • ·  If a party breaks or exits a bilateral treaty with America, that justifies America nullifying the treaty. [C] Why use a good­neighbor policy.

James, Paul, and Jesus all said, "let your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No.'” James 5; 2 Cor. 1; Mat. 5 Good neighbors do not need contracts between them other than not violating the criminal code.

"All the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'" Gal. 5:14

  • ·  "Do not devise evil against your neighbor, for he dwells by you for safety’s sake." Prov. 3:29

  • ·  "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor." ­Ten Commandments, Ex. 20:16

  • ·  "You shall not cheat your neighbor... but you shall love your neighbor as yourself." Lev. 19:13, 18

  • ·  Jesus said, "'You shall not murder,' ...and, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’" Mat. 19:18

  • ·  Jesus said to love God and "your neighbor... On these two commandments hang all the Law...” Mat.


  • ·  "Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law." Rom. 13:10

  • ·  "Fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'" James 2:8

  • ·  Neighbors do not need contracts to be good neighbors. [C]
    Why would America have the rights of a household in an emergent society?

An emergent society, like a few huts built on an otherwise deserted island, has no established

Rules exist for the just behavior of households even in an emergent society.

Rules that govern international relations equate to the rules that exist in an emergent society.
A household loses its sovereignty in an emergent society by violating any absolute principle in the

code of justice.
Crime (murder, rape, etc.) against a member of one's own house justifies a neighbor's forcible

God has established three institutions: family, church, and government, each with specific functions.

God has not delegated a supra­family authority whereby relatives must obey extended family members.

God has not delegated a supra­church authority whereby churches must obey some ecclesiastical body. God has not delegated a supra­national authority whereby nations must obey some international body. No divinely authorized international court of law exists on earth which has authority over nations.

Nations co­exist by the principles of the absolute code of justice that would govern an emergent society. [C]

Succession Process: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]

America holds a lottery to select the King, unless a prince inherits the throne. Why? Consider the lottery first:

Lots avoid divisiveness: "Casting lots causes contentions to cease, and keeps the mighty apart" (Prov. 18:18)

Thus selecting leadership by lottery avoids many of the terrible effects of democracies and republics. To replace Judas, "they cast their lots, and the lot fell on Matthias. And he was numbered with the

eleven apostles" (Acts 1:26).
God led the prophet Samuel to select by lot kings Saul (1 Sam. 10:20‐24) and David

(1 Sam. 16:7‐12).
The Feast of Purim, meaning lots, celebrates the salvation of the Jews from destruction by their

enemies (Esther 3:7).
Lots could make hard governmental decisions, for they “cast lots to bring one out of ten to dwell in

Jerusalem...” (Neh. 11:1).
For 1,000 years, lots determined the order of the service of the 24 divisions of the Jewish priesthood

(1 Chr. 24:5‐19).
Zacharias served "according to the custom of the priesthood, his lot fell... when he went into the

temple," (Luke 1:9).
God commanded Israel to divide the Promised Land among their tribes by casting lots

(Num. 26:52‐56; 33:54).
In matters of absolute right and wrong, you find God's will in the outcome; otherwise, you find it in

the manner of conduct.
The selection of a specific leader is not a matter of absolute right and wrong, but of conduct.

As justice is blind, and impartial, so is the best process for selecting a monarch, which helps fight the

raw ambition of politics.
The process of choosing a leader determines whether the selection is God's will or not; e.g. usurping a

throne violates God's will.
God authorized selection of leaders by lot, for "The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is

from the LORD (Prov. 16:33).
Casting lots for a king does not ensure the best selection but promotes national humility before God in

the selection process. [C P]
The Constitution establishes a hereditary monarchy, in which the Monarch’s eldest son succeeds him. Why?

Authority naturally flows downhill, from God through government to the people, from parents to children, from King to Prince.
God had a unique covenant relationship with national Israel, and occasionally explicitly intervened to select their kings.
Today God's covenant is with the inter­national Body of Christ; and now He does not explicitly intervene in governments.
As a model, Jesus the Son of God, said, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth" (Mat. 28:18).
Jesus, the King of Kings, is the Mary's "firstborn Son" (Mat. 1:24­25; see also Mark 6:3; etc.).

A hereditary monarchy minimizes the instances in which a leader must be selected, and maximizes

historical stability. [C P] Succession by a child king.

"Josiah was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned thirty­one years in Jerusalem" (2 Kings 22:1).

Relatives and advisors of a child king will rule de facto by proxy but may be tempered by his future reprisals. [C P]

"Now before [Josiah] there was no king like him, who turned to the LORD... nor after him did any arise like him."

Posthumous prosecution by order of a suspicious king who has met an untimely death.

· A father has authority over his son, and the military justly obeys a suspicious king's final command to investigate his son.

· No national authority exists over a new king other than a contingent prosecution order from his murdered father. [C P]

Legislatures and democracy prohibited.
· See Genesis to Revelation; and also above, on Monarchy, Against Democracy; and Against Republics!

Amendment Process: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]
America does not permit amendments to its Constitution, nor to its Criminal Code. Why?

Like gravity in physics, the influence of the world pulls relentlessly on the flesh, downward toward

hell itself.
Jesus said, "no one puts new wine into old wineskins" (Mark 2:22).

Wineskins can represent the institutions men create to minister righteousness.
Christian institutions (schools, hospitals, etc.) inevitably corrupt due to the relentless influence of the

On balance, amendments would be harmful due to this same corrupting influence of the world and the

Thus God wrote His law on stone (Ex. 24:12) and authorized no amendment process (Gen. 1 ­ Rev.

Though circumstances change, fundamental principles of authority and criminal behavior remain the

Those who war against the saints seek to "change the law" (Dan. 7:25) and "devise evil by law" (Ps.

· This constitution makes no claim to perfection, but is vastly preferable against certain downward

· The reasons against amending the Constitution argue also against amending the criminal code. [C P]

The Monarch alone can amend only America’s Code of Use.

Scripture authorizes no legislative body, thus no other national governmental authority than the king exists.

Biblical laws which do not represent moral absolutes are symbolic ordinances (like circumcision, etc). Rules for use of infrastructure are not absolutes but subjective, for ex., stop lights colored red, not

Usage rules for infrastructure do not represent absolutes, and thus may justly may be altered. [C P]

Amendments not germane authorize peaceful civil disobedience against such offense.

Generally, men must obey the government (Rom. 13:1); however, God rewards righteous

Peter said, "We ought to obey God rather than men" (Acts 5:29).

Many of those in the "Hebrews Hall of Faith" (Heb. 11) peacefully disobeyed the governing authorities.

The Hebrew midwives (Ex. 1:8‐9, 15‐21) and Moses' parents (Heb. 11:23) rightly disobeyed the government.

The King prevails in court even against the innocent.

“When the righteous are in authority the people rejoice but when a wicked man rules [they] groan” Prov. 29:2

Paul and Christ taught obedience to the evil Roman empire, but that does not repeal justified civil disobedience.

“Governing authorities” whether good or evil each one “is God’s minister” (Rom. 13) as are dads and pastors.

Governing officials, fathers, and pastors may be evil, however God instructs everyone to do rightly. [Deut. 5]

Moses (Heb. 11:27, 29) and Rahab (Josh. 2:1‐7; Heb. 11:31) rightly disobeyed the governing authorities.

David's wife Michal (1 Sam. 19:10‐18) and Daniel (Dan. 6:10) rightly disobeyed the governing authorities.

Peter (Acts 5:27‐29) and Paul (Acts 16:35‐40) rightly disobeyed and resisted the governing authorities.

"Judah did not keep the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made."

God punished Israelites who obeyed their laws when those laws contradicted God's law (2 Kings 17:19­20).

Jesus even approved those, like David, who violated symbolic biblical law when justified (Mark 2:25­ 26).

Men have not only the right, but also the responsibility, to refuse to submit to unjust government coercion. [C P]

While no court has authority to try the King, still, he awaits the Judgment of God.

At least by Judgment Day, America will rejoice in God's vengeance against a wicked king.
"Woe to you who put far off the day of doom, who cause the seat of violence to come near" (Amos

Patience is a virtue; good eventually wins; and "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay, says the LORD!" [C P]

Dedication: Biblical Apologetic [Constitution Political]

America hereby dedicates herself to God the Father, Jesus Christ His Son, and the Holy Spirit. Why?

  • ·  Liberty comes from truth; for "the truth shall make you free" (John 8:32).

  • ·  To govern successfully, America must not pretend that all religions are equal.

  • ·  If Christ did not rise from the dead, then Christianity would be false, however:

  • ·  Christ has risen from the dead, therefore, Christinity is true and other religions are false.

  • ·  A government should be founded on truth, and not lies and falsehoods.
    This Constitution arises from the Holy Bible's principles of governance.
    · The Judeao­Christian Bible is God's special revelation to mankind.
    · Special revelation clarifies and elaborates upon the general revelation of the Creation and man's

    This Constitution explicitly does not codify Israel's symbolic ordinances.

The Mosaic regulations contain many signs, symbolically looking forward to Christ, the great High

The New Testament does not abolish God's law, but admits changes to it, following Christ's Coming.

“For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law" (Heb. 7:12).
Thus the Constitution does not assume that all commands to, and practices of, Israel should be

The Constitution attempts to implement enduring underlying principles from Scripture.

This Constitution will be superseded by Christ at His Return.
· “Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all

rule and all authority..." (1 Cor. 15:24). May God bless our King. Long live the King!

· · · ·

While democratic governments puff­up the self­centered ego, the Constitution encourages respect and humility.

The King should view himself as a servant, but his subjects should not think of him so, but respect him as leader.

The Constitution encourages subjects to have "good will toward men" (Luke 2:14), beginning with their leader.

"I exhort... that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men, for kings and all who are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life..." (1 Tim. 2:1­2).

End Notes

Top Constitution Use the button (¡) to return to your place
Scripture quotes are from the New King James; square brackets around a verse reference indicate only indirect support for a concept. Some verse references above link to these passages here, while others show the passage itself in the ScreenTip as your mouse hovers over the link. In verses quoted below, reading the bold words will highlight a sentence within a sentence, which helps to communicate the point being made.

Israel Demands a King a Generation Too Early
1 Samuel 8:4‐7 Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, v. 5 and said to him, “Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.” v. 6 But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” So Samuel prayed to the LORD. v. 7 And the LORD said to Samuel, “Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them. Back ¡


The Majority is Evil
Matthew 7:13­14 “Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which

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6/23/2015 Bible Apologetic for America's Constitution

leads to life, and there are few who find it.” Back ¡

Governmental Authority includes the Death Penalty
Romans 13:1 Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. [i.e., God appointed all authority structures3⁄4of parents, ministers, and governing officials.] v. 2 Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. v. 3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same. v. 4 For he is God's minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God’s minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil. Back ¡

Saul out of Due Time
1 Corinthians 15:8 Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time. [King “Saul... a Benjamite” (1 Sam. 9:21) and Paul, i.e., Saul of Tarsus, were both “of the tribe of Benjamin” (Rom 11:1) and similarly both born out of due time, the first, too early, and the second, too late, so to speak. God chose them both and orchestrated their symmetrical roles, the first at the beginning of Israel’s kingdom period, and the second at the beginning of the Gospel to the Gentiles (Acts 9:15; 28:28; Rom. 11:11, 15; Eph. 3:1‐2; 1 Tim. 1:16). For a detailed discussion of this, see Bob Enyart's The Plot manuscript. Back ¡

President Fillmore quote: Our American Presidents, Joan Bumann and John Patterson, St. Petersburg, FL: Willowisp Press, 1993, p. 48. Back ¡

1000 BC Enthronement: God will compare and contrast the 1,000 years of Israel's kingdom before Christ’s First Advent with the 1,000 years after His Second Coming. He planned to center this symmetry upon the 33 years of Christ’s life. God had David establish his throne in Jerusalem 1,000 years before Christ’s coming, and God will reinstate it again for 1,000 years after His Second Coming (Rev. 20:4). “About the year 1000 BC Jerusalem was captured by David... and the city became the Jewish capital,” Encyclopedia Britannica, 1976. In 1996 Israel celebrated Jerusalem’s 3,000th anniversary as its capital, which if accurate means that David may have established his throne in Jerusalem exactly 1,000 years before Christ’s birth in 4 BC. As a type of Christ, “David was thirty years old when he began to reign” (2 Sam. 5:4‐5) as “Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age” (Luke 3:23). Christ’s earthly life lasted thirty­three years and “in Jerusalem [David] reigned thirty­three years” (2 Sam. 5:4‐5). For a detailed discussion of this, see Bob Enyart's The Plot manuscript. Back ¡

David’s Messianic Throne: Since Jesus is the “King of kings” (1 Tim. 6:15), the Father established a human royal lineage through which He would send His Son as “King of the Jews” (John 19:3). Thus God said “to David... ‘I will set upon your throne the fruit of your body [i.e. Christ, vv. 17­18]’ ” (Ps. 132). “David... being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne” (Acts 2:29‐30) realized that the Messiah would come through his kingly line. As Isaiah wrote, “...unto us a Child is born... and the government will be upon [Him] ... upon the throne of David” (Isa. 9). Even Solomon’s Temple is called: “the tabernacle of David” (Acts 15:16). The four Gospels stress this Davidic connection. Matthew begins: “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David” (Mat. 1:1). Mark preserves the inspired cry: “Blessed is the kingdom of our father David that comes in the name of the Lord” (Mark 11:10). Luke reports that: “the Lord God will give [Jesus] the throne of His father David” (Luke 1:32). And John records: “Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the seed of David and from the town of Bethlehem, where David was?” (John 7:42). The Bible ends with this description of Christ, “I, Jesus... am the Root and the Offspring of David” (Rev. 22:16). See also Mat. 9:27; 12:23; 15:22; 20:30; 21:9, 15; Mark 10:48; Luke 1:69; 2:4, 11; 18:38; John 7:42; Acts 13:34; Rom. 1:3; 2 Tim. 2:8; Rev. 3:7; 5:5. Back ¡

King of the Jews: Among the first to recognize Jesus were the wise men from the East who asked “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews” (Mat. 2:2)? Thirty­three years later, Christ reaffirmed that title in the face of Pilate’s ignorance: And the governor asked Him, saying, "Are You the King of the Jews?" So Jesus said to him, "It is as you say" (Mat. 27:11). Then, “When they had twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head... And they bowed the knee before Him and mocked Him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" (Mat. 27:29). Finally, written in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew, the world learned the title of the Man being crucified, “And the inscription of His accusation was written above: THE KING OF THE JEWS” (Mark 15:26). See also Mat. 27:37; Mark 15:2; Luke 23:3, 38; John 19:19, 21­22. Back ¡

Greek Lawgiver: Some conservatives (among them the John Birch Society, @Get ref) give credit to the Greek statesman Solon of Athens for originating the idea that the king must obey the law. However Solon (c. 630‐c. 560 BC) only echoed the Mosaic Law of a millennium earlier (ca. 1,500 BC) which declared the constitutional requirement that the King submit himself to the law (Deut. 17). Back ¡

God Condemns Representative Government
Num. 16:1 Now Korah... v.2 rose up before Moses with some of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty leaders of the congregation, representatives of the congregation, men of renown. v.3 They gathered together against Moses and Aaron, and said to them, “You take too much upon yourselves, for all the congregation is holy, every one of them, and the LORD is among them. Why then do you exalt yourselves above the assembly of the LORD?” ... v.20 And the LORD spoke to Moses... v.24 “Speak to the congregation, saying, ‘Get away from the tents of Korah...’ “ v.25 Then Moses [said] ... v.30 “if the LORD creates a new thing, and the earth opens its mouth and swallows them up with all that belongs to them, and they go down alive into the pit, then you will understand that these men have rejected the LORD.” v.31 Now it came to pass, as he finished speaking all these words, that the ground split apart under them, v.32 and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up... v.41 On the next day all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron, saying, “You have killed the people of the LORD.” v.44 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, v.45 “Get away from among this congregation, that I may consume them in a moment.” And they fell on their faces. v.46 So Moses said to Aaron, “...wrath has gone out from the LORD. The plague has begun.” v.49 Now those who died in the plague were fourteen thousand seven hundred, besides those who died in the Korah incident. Back ¡

God Plans a Monarchy for Israel
Deuteronomy 17:14 “When you come to the land which the LORD your God is giving you, and possess it and dwell in it, and say, ‘I will set a king over me like all the nations that are around me,’ [God knew that their impatience would coincide with His overall plan:] v. 15 “you shall surely set a king over you whom the LORD your God chooses; one from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a foreigner over you, who is not your brother. v. 16 “But he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, for the LORD has said to you, ‘You shall not return that way again.’ v. 17 “Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself. v. 18 “Also it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write for himself a copy of this law in a book, from the one before the priests, the Levites. v. 19 “And it shall be with him, and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the LORD his God and be careful to observe all the words of this law and these statutes, v. 20 “that his heart may not be lifted above his brethren, that he may not turn aside from the commandment to the right hand or to the left, and that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children in the midst of Israel. Back ¡

Psalm 132:11 The LORD has sworn in truth to David; He will not turn from it: “I will set upon your throne the fruit of your body.” v. 17 There I will make the horn of David grow; I will prepare a lamp for My Anointed. v. 18 His enemies I will clothe with shame, but upon Himself His crown shall flourish.” Back ¡

Family: God established the family (Gen. 2 1) and He gave parents authority over children (Eph. 6). Authority flows from God, through government, to men, passing through parents to the children. And even the kid corrects the cat. Back ¡

Church: God established the Church (Acts 20 1 Cor. 1 Eph. 1 5 Col. 1) and made her responsible to proclaim the truth (1 Tim. 3). Back ¡

God Authorizes the Death Penalty
Genesis 9:5 “Surely for your lifeblood I will demand a reckoning; from the hand of every beast I will require it, and from the hand of man. From the hand of every man's brother I will require the life of man. v. 6 Whoever sheds man's blood, by man his blood shall be shed; for in the image of God He made man.” Back ¡

Death Penalty: As to God’s view of the death penalty for today, consider reading the 15­page article, New Testament Support for Capital Punishment. God the Father, Jesus (God the Son), and the apostle Paul all support the death penalty through many Bible passages including Gen. 9 Ex. 21 Lev. 24 Num. 35 Deut. 13; 19 Ezek. 13 Mat. 15 Mark 7 Acts 25 Rom. 13 Rev. 16 13. Back ¡

Tribal Allotment of the Land
Numbers 26:52 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying: 53 “To these the land shall be divided as an inheritance, according to the number of names. 54 To a large tribe you shall give a larger inheritance, and to a small tribe you shall give a smaller inheritance. Each shall be given its inheritance according to those who were numbered of them. 55 But the land shall be divided by lot; they shall inherit according to the names of the tribes of their fathers. 56 According to the lot their inheritance shall be divided between the larger and the smaller.” Back ¡

A Chapter on Criminal Justice Contains the Command to Build Roads
Deuteronomy 19:3 You shall prepare roads for yourself... that any manslayer may flee [to justice]. v. 4 ...whoever kills his neighbor unintentionally... v. 10 lest innocent blood be shed in the midst of your land... and thus guilt of bloodshed be upon you. v. 11 But if anyone hates his neighbor, lies in wait for him, rises against him and strikes him mortally, so that he dies... v. 12 then the elders of his city shall... deliver him over... that he may die. v. 13 Your eye shall not pity him, but you shall put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with you. v. 15 One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established. v. 16 If a false witness rises against any man to testify against him of wrongdoing, v. 17 then both men in the controversy shall stand before... the judges who serve in those days. v. 18 And the judges shall make careful inquiry, and indeed, if the witness is a false witness... v. 19 then you shall do to him as he thought to have done to his brother; so you shall put away the evil from among you. v. 20 And those who remain shall hear and fear, and hereafter they shall not again commi


Foley, Angela   

Foley, Angela 6/18/1968 - 1/19/2020 Athens, AL Angela Marie Foley, 51 of Athens, passed away on Sunday, January 19, 2020 at Athens Limestone...

Europe set to slap Turkey for Erdoğan’s ‘anti-diplomacy’   


Europe set to slap Turkey for Erdoğan’s ‘anti-diplomacy’


Turkey’s increasingly aggressive and anti-diplomatic posture in Libya and the eastern Mediterranean has put Ankara on a collision course with a growing list of supposed allies, not just Greece and Cyprus but also Italy, France, and the European Union. 

In November, Turkey signed an agreement with the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) that ignored Greek islands, including Crete, as well as international maritime law. The United States described the deal as “provocative”. 

Weeks later, the Turkish parliament approved a military intervention in Libya, escalating that country’s civil war just as it appeared to be nearing its end. Then, two days before a host of Western and Arab states gathered in Berlin seeking a permanent ceasefire and political solution to the Libyan war, Ankara dispatched a fourth drilling ship to waters claimed by Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean.

On Sunday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan departed Berlin without attending the official dinner. The next day, after Berlin attendees committed to enforce the U.N. arms embargo and refrain from actions that would exacerbate the conflict, the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that Turkey planned to send 6,000 Syrian rebels to fight for the GNA in Libya. 

This did not stop Erdoğan from blaming General Khalifa Haftar, who seeks to take Tripoli from the GNA, for the trouble in Libya. “Haftar should stop his aggressive stance,” he said while flying back from Berlin. “Haftar's has been the side which violated all deals and attacked the legitimate government.”

Faruk Loğoğlu, Turkey’s former ambassador to the United States, said Erdoğan had lost an opportunity by skipping the dinner.  “He should have attended and defended the interests of the country,” he told Ahval in a podcast. “Ankara has a lot of hard work and difficult stock-taking to do in the wake of the Berlin conference.”

Being diplomatic at an official dinner may not have been in line with Turkish policy towards Europe of late, which Alexander Clarkson, lecturer on German and European Studies at King’s College London, described as a form of anti-diplomacy.

“It seems to be Erdoğan’s mission to burn every possible diplomatic off-ramp toward some compromise solution,” Clarkson told Ahval in a podcast, adding that this approach may be an extension of the Turkish president’s domestic political use of fear. 

“That doesn’t work internationally,” he said. “He can use fear in Turkey because he shapes the Turkish political space. He doesn’t shape the EU political space.”

That space has become increasingly uncomfortable for Turkey. Greece views the Turkey-Libya maritime borders memorandum of understanding (MoU) as a violation of international law and an attack on its sovereignty. 

“The aggressive and belligerent rhetoric from Ankara has now reached a higher level,” Turkish analyst Cengiz Aktar told Ahval in a podcast about the MoU. 

As a result, Greece has emerged as a key supporter of Haftar, and Athens and Nicosia have notified their European partners that they intend to block any political resolution in Libya that fails to nullify the maritime deal. 

Germany and France have faced several crises with Turkey in recent years, which involved name-calling, refugee threats and charges of spying. Last month, Germany expressed solidarity with Greece and Cyprus, while France is unhappy about Turkish plans to drill in waters off Cyprus meant for French energy giant Total. 

Now Ankara may be losing perhaps its staunchest European ally, Italy, which has also been backing the GNA. 

“One of Turkey’s best friends in the EU is also getting fed up,” said Clarkson, pointing to Italian frustrations with Turkey’s growing influence in Tripoli and with Turkish claims on waters Cyprus has contractually handed to Italian energy firm Eni. Italy now finds itself in the difficult position of opposing Turkey’s maritime deal with a government it still supports. 

“The Italians share Cypriot and Greek interests in the eastern Mediterranean,” Clarkson said. “They’re all on the same team there. That’s what makes EU collective efforts there a little bit more assertive, and a little bit clearer.”

Cyprus says Turkey is becoming a pirate state, while the EU is readying new sanctions against Turkish businesses and individuals responsible for the latest drilling off Cyprus. 

Despite the rising tensions, the EU is keen to avoid escalation, according to Clarkson, and Turkish and Greek officials have quietly begun back-channel negotiations. But as he wrote for Ahval on Sunday, Greek analyst Yannis Koutsomitis believes the talks will again fail because Turkey contends that Greek islands do not represent Greek sovereign borders.

“They (the Greeks) are talking about a continental shelf around Crete,” Erdoğan said on Monday. “There is no continental shelf around the islands, there is not even such a thing.”

At this point, Athens sees a respected international court as its best, if not its only option, to bring the two sides together. 

“Greece’s position is basically to have this solved in an international tribunal,” Koutsimitis told Ahval in a podcast, referring to the International Court of Justice in the Hague. “This is the main aim of Greece right now, to make this dispute an international affair.” 

Yet due to Turkey’s aggressiveness, any serious negotiations or adjudication seem far beyond the horizon. 

“It shouldn’t be impossible to find a compromise option that at least pushes this back into law courts instead of confrontations on the high seas,” said Clarkson. “But a lot of this is dependent on what Ankara does ... It’s been mostly inflammatory. It’s not been balanced by a kind of outreach that could get this issue out of a process of escalation.”

Europe is fast losing patience with Erdoğan’s scare tactics, Clarkson said, and Turkey is at a severe disadvantage to Greece when it comes to the EU, as it is not a member state. 

“The Greeks can sit there and block everything Turkey needs from the EU and slow down processes and make sure things get more and more uncomfortable,” said Clarkson. “The MoU looks great; it looks like Turkey’s being forceful. But I struggle to see how this doesn’t land Turkey in a hole the next time it needs help from the Europeans.”


Georgia Society, Sons of The American Revolution   

130 Cherokee Forest Dr Athens, GA 30601-1052
(706) 543-3493
Welcome to the Georgia Society, Sons of the American Revolution (SAR). The Georgia Society is composed of nearly 2,000 members with 35 local chapters. All of our members are lineal descendants of a


Waste Connections, Inc.: Special Waste Sales Representative   

Job Title Special Waste Sales Representative Employee Type Employee Requisition Primary Location Athens, Tennessee Job Description Job Description Waste Connections of Tennessee, Inc. is currently hiring for a Special Waste Sales Representative. This position is a high volume B2B selling, customer maintenance, and customer retention opportunity. It requires balancing current customer needs and retention, along with gaining new customer through active prospecting and networking. This is not a telemarketing position and we do not believe that solutions are a “one size fits all”. Business and relationships are built by face-to-face contact. There are daily requirements for prospecting, customer follow-up, reporting and interacting with operations and customer service team. Job Duties: Selling non-hazardous special waste removal and disposal services in and around the Knoxville and Chattanooga area. Preparing bids, weekly call reports, and cold calling new and existing customers. Being the main point of contact for a current book of business of commercial accounts. Interacting with customers, and government agencies to secure special waste approvals. Gathering contract expiration dates, documenting existing customer concerns, and working with other departments to satisfy customer requests for service. 70% of your time will be spent in your designated territory, prospecting, building relationships and exploring market opportunities. 30% of this position will be spent in the office doing team building, strategic planning, and account management. Science, biology, or chemistry not required but strongly preferred. Qualification Requirements: 2+ years outside business-to-business sales with a proven track record of success. Bachelor's degree in Business or Marketing or equivalent experience. Personal vehicle and license to cover territory. The Position Provides: A competitive base salary plus commission. Guaranteed commission for the 1st three months. Company paid cell phone and iPad. Mileage reimbursement. Annual Chairman’s Club recognition for top national performers. We offer excellent benefits including: medical, dental, vision, flexible spending account, long term & short term disability, life insurance, 401K retirement and unlimited opportunities to "Connect with Your Future". Other peripheral benefits include a strong presence in our local communities, sustainability initiatives, and more. Waste Connections is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer (Minority/Female/Disabled/Veterans) Job Requirements: Education: Language: Certification(s): Competencies: Responsibilities: Skills:

MARKETING MATTERS WITH RYAN SAUERS: Jocelyn Wykoff and Kelsey Davis with Athens Orthopedic Clinic   

Jocelyn Wykoff & Kelsey Davis/Athens Orthopedic Clinic Athens Orthopedic Clinic has been providing state-of-the-art care to its patients in Athens, GA and beyond since 1966. Athens Orthopedic s extensive training, their focus on patient-centered care, and their commitment to research have kept them at the forefront of orthopedic care in the region for over 50 years. Jane […] The post MARKETING MATTERS WITH RYAN SAUERS: Jocelyn Wykoff and Kelsey Davis with Athens Orthopedic Clinic appeared first on Business RadioX ®.

Prized quarterback recruit Brock Vandagriff commits to Georgia   

ATHENS — Prince Avenue Christian quarterback Brock Vandagriff eagerly waited Tuesday morning, Jan. 21, as the most important tweet of his young life took a few seconds to go out into the universe.Once it did, elation.In that Tweet was his commitment to the University of Georgia and a simple ‘I’m staying home.’ [...]

Big second half lifts Georgia women’s basketball team over Auburn   

ATHENS — With upcoming games against No. 1 South Carolina and No. 23 Arkansas, the Georgia women’s basketball team needed a victory over Auburn on Sunday, Jan. 19, to create something in the way of momentum.The Lady Bulldogs almost let the opportunity slip through their fingers, however, as the visiting Tigers held a double-digit advantage in the second quarter and threatened to run away with things before Georgia broke through in the third quarter to take a 61-50 [...]

Wheeler’s status unclear for Georgia’s road game at Mississippi State   

ATHENS — Sahvir Wheeler came in less heralded than three other players in Georgia’s highly-touted freshmen class and certainly is smaller in stature, but his value to the Bulldogs isn’t underestimated by star guard Anthony Edwards."Sahvir is probably the heart and soul of the team," Edwards said. "He always brings energy, everything we need on the court."Whether Georgia (11-5, 1-2 SEC) will have Wheeler on the court for the 8:30 p.m ET game Saturday, [...]

Georgia hires Todd Monken as new offensive coordinator   

ATHENS — Georgia is making a change at offensive coordinator.Todd Monken, a former NFL offensive coordinator who also served as head coach at Southern Miss, was hired Friday, Jan. 17, to run the Bulldogs offense, the school announced.The move comes after a season in which the Bulldogs offense under first-year coordinator James Coley had trouble consistently generating explosive plays and putting up points. With Monken taking over as play-caller, Coley will become [...]

Union City drops rivalry battle to Athens   

ATHENS — Two former Big 8 conference rivals faced off on the floor at Athens High School Monday night, as the Lady Indians hosted the Union City Lady Chargers in a non-conference rivalry battle that has lasted throughout the ages.The two programs have been in different spots throughout the past five years, as Union City continues to rebuild and retool a once successful program while the Indians have been riding high with a program full of athletes, entering the contest [...]

Pompeo to Mitsotakis: Greece is a Major US Ally   

The United States considers Greece a major ally and participant in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo wrote to Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, cited by BGNES. “We consider Athens a key ally and a crucial player in the Eastern Mediterranean as well as the Balkans,”, the letter stated. Mitsotakis's recent visit to the United States was "was a clear reaffirmation of the close ties and cooperation between our two countries," the letter said. ...

Registration for Firefly Trail Race Series closes Jan. 25   

Runners and walkers looking to save money and increase the good they do for area communities still have time to sign up for the Firefly Trail Race Series, but not much.  Registration closes with the start of the Winterville Snowflake 10K on Jan. 25.The series is professionally managed by Classic Race Services and presented by Coldwell Banker Upchurch Realty. It will provide competitive and recreational running and walking opportunities in towns formerly linked by the Athens Branch of t [...]


Sounds like the PERFECT SOLUTION FOR VIRGINIA. August, 1946: The citizens of Athens, Tennessee stage an armed revolt against their corrupt local...



My father once said to me: "Life has a way of getting away from you. One day you blink, and 30 years have passed." I think that I'm finally starting to understand what he meant. 2019 doesn't really feel like a year I lived through so much as a year that was done to me. People I thought integral to my life disappeared suddenly, and a whole new human was added to my immediate family, all this while the world is literally on fire. Everything is changing and for my part, it feels like my role is more that of a passenger than driver.


2019 was a bumpy year for me personally.

Anna & me on Siros


My daughter was born in the early days of the year. She's now already a full-year old and what they say really is true: they grow up so fast. When we met, she was roughly the size of a small pumpkin, now she's a walking, talking (well, babbling), screaming, grabby mobile monster.

Parenthood is a crazy process: you're constantly monitoring a tiny creature to make sure that she doesn't kill herself reaching for a pen or eating plastic. I mean, we watched her lick a bar of soap, make a face, then lick it again as if she hadn't learnt her lesson the first time. This process of constant vigilance is... exhausting. There's really no other word for it. It's a good thing she's cute.

There's also not a lot of sleep in my day-to-day anymore.

Grandma Lidia


Around when Anna reached the 4-month mark, she lost her great grandmother -- my last remaining grandparent. To be honest, I'm still pretty broken up about it -- still processing. Unlike my other grandparents, I wasn't prepared to lose Grandma Lidia and it still hurts to think about. I miss her every day, and the thought of returning home to visit my family feels eerily wrong without her there.


I really feel like my Free Software career has taken a big hit this past year. Whereas in 2018 I was releasing Aletheia and speaking at PyCon about it while handing-off Paperless to the broader community, 2019 has seen very little Free stuff from me. There were a couple bits worth mentioning though:

A jumping pizza!


It's a very simple server that lets you spin up branch deploys automatically by plugging into GitLab's WebHooks system and linking that to a docker-compose. It made development of some of our stuff at Workfinder a lot simpler, and I'm hoping we can make more use of it in 2020.

Aletheia Server

I realised that Aletheia has a lot of dependencies to get going -- too many perhaps for most to make use of it in any reasonable architecture. So with that in mind, I decided to hack together a dockerised microservice that does the signing & verification for you. This way, you could theoretically deploy Aletheia to a project simply by adding it to your running services rather than trying to integrate a 3rd-party module and all of the dependencies that come with.

The Aletheia logo The project works, but as I built it using FastAPI, getting the tests to play nice is proving problematic for a Django nerd like me. I'm hoping to have the kinks worked out in early 2020.

Workfinder: Last Man Standing

Most of the code I wrote in 2019 was for my full-time employer, but the face of the dev team changed a lot over the year. I started out working in of the Cambridge office with 3 other developers, and one-by-one they all left the company. Now I'm the only one in this town, with most of the rest of the company based out of London. Thankfully, the CEO has promised that she's not going to make me commute to London on a daily basis (honestly that just wouldn't happen), but it does mean that I don't have anyone to bounce ideas off of on a regular basis and that sucks.

On the plus side though, before he left, Richard and I wrote what I think might be some of my Best Code Ever: a system that handles multiple data sources of varying trustworthiness and merges it into a single derived model that performs even with tens of millions of records in the system. Now it's just a matter of getting that code into the main product...


It turns out that babies seriously cramp your travel plans. For the most part, Christina and I have been Cambridge-bound this past year. I'm hoping that once Anna reaches the age where we can hand her a phone and say: "shut up and watch Peppa Pig", we'll be able to consider then 9-hour flight to Vancouver.


The one trip we made was to Athens & Siros (Σιρος). Anna was just young enough that she wasn't bothered (too much) by the flight (even though it was RyanAir), and she slept through the majority of the trip. We spent a few days in Athens, and then continued onto Siros where we rented a little house with a pretty remarkable view of both the island and the sea.

We took Anna for her very first swim in the Agean, ate a lot of delicious food, and I came face-to-face with my paralysing fear of crickets & grasshoppers. The trip was lovely... except for that last part.

In-laws In-residence

Not long after the trip to Greece, Christina's parents came out to Cambridge to live with us for 2 months. The plan was that they would help ease Christina's transition back into the workforce, help Anna get used to her day care, and help out around the house as we all get used to having a baby around. Now I'm not going to come out and say that living with my in-laws for 2 months was super-fun and friction-free, but I really appreciated the help. Having someone around to talk to for advice, or to help with putting the kid to sleep when you're at the end of your tether is invaluable to say the least.

Parents visit

Not long after the in-laws left, my parents came for a few weeks, though their stay was interrupted by their own (apparently abysmal: screw you Norwegian Cruiselines) detour through the European North. It's always nice when my parents visit and I get to show them the life I'm helping to build, though this time around my mom was having a really hard time. Still, I think they enjoyed their trip, and they're talking about coming back for a visit before (in their words) they're too old to make the trip.


I got to vote in two national elections this year, though in both cases first-past-the-post ensured that my vote didn't really mean anything.


The Liberals squeaked out a minority government, campaigning of the idea that they gave a shit about climate change and a history of actions that prove that they don't. I suppose I could be happy that at least Canada didn't elect outright climate deniers, but like everything else they do, the Liberals are even more infuriating: they play up their green rhetoric, but demonstrably aren't willing to do what's necessary to combat the climate crisis. To my mind, they're just as bad as the Conservatives, just more duplicitous.


The UK had its 3rd election in 5 years in a desperate attempt to get a strong majority that would lend some stability to their position in managing Brexit with the rest of the EU. Thanks to first-past-the-post, even though the majority of the country voted against the Conservatives, we all got a crushing Conservative majority. Jeremy Corbyn, the first political leader that's inspired me in the UK, and only the fourth politician to inspire me in my lifetime, somehow is being blamed for the failings of his own party-unfaithful, that of the Lib-Dems, and of the Greens, whose platform was objectively less-green than Labour's. The country's fourth estate is in shambles, and we're now on-track for a disasterous brexit: upwards of 5-years helmed by a government & prime minister with a record of xenophobia, homophobia, flat-out racism, climate denial, and Trump ass-kissing.

So yeah. This is where I live.


On the world stage, 2019 was a year of hope and horrors. Every week, you'd read a story about how the world is literally on fire, but you'd also hear about how lab-grown or plant-based "meat" was getting a foothold in the market, that coal and oil were losing share to renewables, and a little girl was sailing across the Atlantic to lecture our do-nothing leaders.

Greta Thunburg

More than inspiration, Thunburg has been a voice for my (and future) generation's rage:

"The eyes of all future generations are upon you. And if you choose to fail us, I say: We will never forgive you."

- Greta Thunburg, address to the UN Climate Action Summit

Personally, I'm impressed with the futility: the people she was speaking to demonstrably have no interest in fixing this mess they and their parents have created. Some of them are even straight-up climate deniers. She's 17. This is the limit of her power and she's shaming them into action. They won't act of course, but at least she's now part of the historical record: the voice of a generation enraged by how the boomers have fucked us all.

The #TeamTrees logo


It may seem small, but I'm still elated with the results. The #TeamTrees campaign started by a bunch of YouTubers accomplished its goal of funding the planting of 20,000,000 trees. With the vast majority of donations in the area between $1 and $10, people all over the planet scratched together what they could to show our leaders that we're willing to step up and do what we can to save the world. Every donation streamed onto the site in real-time, but my favourite was from a bunch of 8th-graders who crowdfunded $1,111 from 200 of their classmates -- all to save the world they're going to inherit from a generation that's done everything it can to use everything up before they die.

A baby kangaroo, burned to death on a fence.  Credit: @earthfocus on Instagram


It's not hyperbole anymore. The world is literally on fire. Australia, home to thousands of unique and fascinating species, has lost approximately one billion animals to the fires. The amount of CO₂ is being measured in the millions of tonnes, and this is just the beginning. When summer comes in the Northern Hemisphere, it's entirely likely that the forests in Canada, Europe, and Russia will see the same. If you think that any of this is going to change the minds of those with the power to fix it, think again. The Prime Minister of Australia is a climate denier. Australians elected a climate denier, even after decades of flooding was laying out the truth in front of them.

We are so. very. fucked.


I did however draw some hope & inspiration from one group though: Extinction Rebellion. They're the next step I've been expecting for a while now. When diplomacy fails, the next step is violence. Now to be clear: to my knowledge, XR hasn't taken any violent action against any people, but their actions against the machine that's destroying the planet are most definitely violent. They obstruct traffic, shut down transit infrastructure, and effectively cripple economies. They're the living embodiment of Mario Savio's words:

“There's a time when the operation of the machine becomes so odious, makes you so sick at heart, that you can't take part. You can't even passively take part. And you've got to put your bodies upon the gears and upon the wheels, upon the levers, upon all the apparatus, and you've got to make it stop. And you've got to indicate to the people who run it, to the people who own it that unless you're free, the machine will be prevented from working at all.”

-- Mario Savio

Those destroying the planet don't care about people, animals, or even breatheable air. They do however care a great deal about profits. XR is hitting them where it hurts: they're fucking with capitalism and this is just the beginning. As people get more desperate, I expect XR to play a bigger role.

Leaders that Get It

I've also been inspired by some of the leaders we're seeing gain traction like Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Bernie Sanders. They're both the right people with the principled positions to guide the US through to doing the right thing by the climate their their people. My only concern is that of timing: AOC is too young to run for president, and the Democrats still have it in their head that a milquetoast "moderate" like Biden is their best bet at beating Trump. If Bernie doesn't win the Democratic primary, it's entirely likely that Trump will take the White House again, and if that happens, the US will be entirely lost to us with regard to its impact on the climate. We can't wait another four years for them to get their act together.

There's also The Green New Deal for Europe, which was released in 2019, and appears to have heavily influenced the European Green New Deal -- ramping up to be official EU policy. If the EU can get this right, they can dictate terms to the big polluters like India, China, and the US. They might actually save us all.

Maybe I'm still a little too hopeful.


So that's it for 2019. With the exception of Anna's birth, I don't feel particularly good about this year, but I have hope -- not you know, a lot, but some. Maybe 2020 will be the magical year that Trump is deposed, that all of Johnson's bluster about Brexit turns out to be smoke & mirrors for the softest of Brexits, that the EU finally starts to throw around its weight on the environmental file, that Canada's Liberals are forced to do the Right Thing through alliances with the NDP & Greens.

And maybe Anna will learn enough words to actually tell me why she's screaming at 0400h.

A guy can dream.


WEEK 18 | Students from Athens Drive and Reidsville Earn Performance of the Week Awards   


CHAPEL HILL— Hanna Malik from Athens Drive High School and Breon Pass from Reidsville High School have been named recipients of the NCHSAA Performance of the Week award. Each week two athletes in North Carolina High School Athletic Association competition are selected for this award from nominations received from coaches, media, and school administrators. 

Malik, a senior on the Athens Drive Women’s Basketball team, recorded her 1,500th career point last week as the Jaguars defeated Green Hope 59-51.  Malik scored 21 points to eclipse the milestone while adding 11 rebounds in the winning effort.  Athens Drive currently sits at 10-4 on the season.      

Pass led the Rams’ Men’s Basketball team to a 102-94 victory over Carrboro on Friday.  The junior recorded 32 points, 9 assists, 6 rebounds and 5 steals while knocking down 5 of 7 three-point attempts.  With the win, Reidsville improved to 7-2 on the season.

Weekly recipients will be recognized on the NCHSAA Website and social media pages. They will also be honored at a banquet for all recipients from this year in April. The deadline for nominations is each Monday at 5 p.m through the online form that can be found here.




>Police officers announce their Refusal to Cooperate
>National Guard Soldiers refuse to cooperate
>Most Counties enact Sanctuary Counties
>Pass it anyways

It appears that the Democrats legitimately want another Battle of Athens and are willing to cause mass unrest for the sake of progress

For people from that mythical flyover country   


On episode 428, I've got the new album form Chicago Farmer and the Band Of Heathens. I've got the Steep Canyon Rangers covering a jazz pianist. I've got Grace potter channeling the Stones. And I've also got some Cajun flavored roots rock from Waylon Thibodeaux.


[Women's Basketball] Women's Basketball Rallies in Fourth Quarter; Falls in Overtime to #23 ...   


Athens, Tenn.- The women's basketball hosted a top 25 team in the NAIA for an Appalachian Athletic Conference (AAC) game on Wednesday. The opponent, the Lady Eagles of Reinhardt University, came to James L. Robb Gymnasium ranked #23 in the most recent edition of the NAIA's Women's Basketball Division II Coaches' Top 25 Poll 


Professions: Production Underwriter - Dallas, Texas   

Company Overview Donegal Insurance Group is a regional property-casualty insurance company doing business in 26 states, headquartered in Marietta, PA, with 8 regional offices located in Athens, GA, Duluth, GA, Le Mars, IA, Grand Rapids, MI, Albuquerque, NM, Greenville, OH, Glen Allen, VA, and Sheboygan Falls, WI. Donegal offers a broad range of personal and commercial insurance products sold exclusively through our network of independent agents. We are committed to the independent agency system and proud of the company's heritage, which spans over 130 years. Donegal's strong financial foundation and successful operating strategies have earned the company a rating of 'A' (Excellent) by the A.M. Best Company, the nation's leading insurance rating organization. Job Summary Donegal Insurance Group has an opening for a Production Underwriter in the state of Texas, supporting our Mountain States region. The Production Underwriter will play a key role in generating new commercial lines business opportunities within a given territory. Responsibilities and Duties Develop strong business relationships with key agents and provide underwriting guidance to the agents. Select, price and develop coverage terms for commercial lines accounts to achieve profitable underwriting results and assist with providing leadership, support, and coaching for the underwriting function Manage a territory of independent agents to ensure that profitability and growth objectives for the company are being met Review new business applications to evaluate the degree of risk involved Accept or decline risks based on the company's underwriting policies Review application for completeness Contact agents for missing or incomplete information Maintain a profitable book of business within assigned levels of authority by using sound underwriting judgment and technical skills, and continued personal development to meet the company goals of quality and timeliness Interpret insurance coverage's for agents and insureds Maintain and establish a good working relationship with agents and communicate underwriting decisions to agents and insureds Qualifications and Skills Bachelor's Degree with a background in insurance or equivalent experience 8 years of underwriting and marketing experience at a company or agency level, with a minimum of 5 years of underwriting in the commercial lines sector of insurance; some regional carrier experience preferred Demonstration of self-development through the attainment of professional insurance designations, CPCU, ARM, PLU, etc Ability to create business opportunities by demonstrating excellent underwriting skills and product knowledge. Must possess a value-added service mentality The expectation is this employee will travel 3 to 4 days per week to visit agents in the designated territory For full-time, permanent positions, we also offer a comprehensive benefits package, including: Medical/Dental/Vision Insurance Company Paid Life Insurance 401k Plan Paid Time Off Sick Days Paid Holidays Incentive Plan Employee Stock Purchase Plan Flexible Benefits Plan Continuing Education Assistance Donegal Insurance Group participates in E-Verify in the following states: Alabama, Arizona, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Utah. If you reside in one of the listed states, please review the "Notice of E-Verify Participation" and the "Right to Work Poster" on the links below: Notice of E-Verify Participation Poster (English and Spanish) Right to Work Poster (English and Spanish) ()

LIVE BLOG: No. 12 Iowa State at No. 17 Georgia   


Who’s ready for some MLK Jr. Day gymnastics? Iowa State travels south to Athens to take on Georgia. The Cyclones are coming off their first

The post LIVE BLOG: No. 12 Iowa State at No. 17 Georgia appeared first on College Gym News.


Blue Castle 2 4th Athens Greece   

Blue Castle 2 4th Athens Greece

Harbor Suites Athens Greece   

Harbor Suites Athens Greece

Cosmopolit Athens Greece   

Cosmopolit Athens Greece

Turkish Foreign Minister Accuses Greece of Sabotaging Libya Talks   


Turkish Foreign Minister Accuses Greece of Sabotaging Libya Talks(Bloomberg) -- Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusolgu slammed Greece for inviting military commander Khalifa Haftar to Athens last week and said it was trying to sabotage efforts for peace in Libya in a bid to impose its own maritime claims on the country.“We would like to remind our Greek friends that these futile efforts are in vain,” Cavusoglu said in a post on Twitter. “The legitimate government of Libya signed a memorandum of understanding with us to protect their rights.”His comments come ahead of an international conference in Berlin on Sunday that aims to broker an end to a civil war in Libya. Turkey supports the UN-backed government in Tripoli, which is fighting off an advance by Haftar’s forces. Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis met with Haftar on Friday.Tensions between Turkey and Greece jumped after Ankara signed a contentious agreement with Tripoli in November that delineates maritime borders -- and affirms claims of sovereignty -- over disputed areas of the energy-rich Mediterranean sea.Last week, Greece warned it may try to block any Libyan peace deal that doesn’t resolve the dispute. Turkey will issue new exploration licenses in the eastern Mediterranean now that it’s set a maritime border with Libya, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Thursday.(Corrects quote in second paragraph of story first published on Jan. 18)To contact the reporter on this story: Constantine Courcoulas in Athens at ccourcoulas1@bloomberg.netTo contact the editors responsible for this story: Onur Ant at, ;Alex Nicholson at, Shaji MathewFor more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2020 Bloomberg L.P.


Part-Time Retail Merchandiser - Athens, OH   

OH-Athens, We are sure a lot of companies in Athens, OH, are trying to recruit you. So, how is Anderson Merchandisers any different? We are a cut above the rest and respect our associates as a member of our family.and we are out to prove it! We are a fourth-generation family owned company. We are hard-working, honest, and filled with grit. And, we have been in business for 100 years - 100 YEARS! We hope you

Staff Librarian - Concord University - Athens, WV   

Reference and instructional services librarian is responsible for the coordination and planning of the instructional program, especially the University 100…
From Concord University - Wed, 08 Jan 2020 23:48:57 GMT - View all Athens, WV jobs

EURAMES Info Service 03/2020   



1.    7e Colloque annuel du Cercle des Chercheurs sur le Moyen-Orient (CCMO) : « Images et imaginaires au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord », Hôtel de Ville de Paris et EHESS (Campus Condorcet), 23-24 janvier 2020

2.    Symposium: “Revolutions: Moments and Movements in Historical Perspective”, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ, 6-7 February 2020

3.    3rd Annual Conference of the Centre for Islamic and West Asian Studies: “Urban Islam: Muslim Minorities, Identity and Tradition in West Asian, South Asian, and African Cities”, University of London, 19 February 2020

4.    International Conference: "Language as a Bridge of Intercultural Communication", Faculty of Languages (Al-Alsun), Luxor University, 3-5 March 2020

5.    Seventh Annual Workshop of “New Directions in Palestinian Studies: Who Owns Palestine?” Brown University, Rhode Island, 6-7 March 2020

6.    Conference: “Acts of Excommunication in the Late Antique and Early Islamicate Middle East”, University of Leiden, 12-13 March 2020

7.    Global Conference on Women and Gender: “Gender, Politics and Everyday Life: Power, Resistance and Representation”, Christopher Newport University, 19-21 March 2020

8.    International Seminar: “Persian-Arabic Poetics and South Asian Literatures: Readings Recoveries and Re-orientations”, Comparative Literature Association of India, Patna, 20-23 March 2020

9.    Section on "Security Studies" during the "Third International Research Conference of the American University in the Emirates", Dubai, 25-26 March 2020

10.  Conference: "The Influence of Islam in Politics and Society: Civic Engagement, Social Inclusion and Political Participation", American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies (ACSIS), Villanova University, 27-28 March 2020

11.  Shi’i Studies Symposium: “‘But by the Love You Bear My Kin’: Devotion (Walāya) and Shiʿi Islam”, University of Chicago, 3-4 April 2020

12.  International Colloquium: “Semiotics in Algerian Academia: State of the Art and Prospects”, Université Mohamed Khider Biskra, 12-13 April 2020

13.  Conference: "From Sectarianism to De-sectarianisation – Reimagining Sectarianism, Geopolitics and the State in the Contemporary Middle East", Lancaster University, 16-17 April 2020

14.  9th Annual Graduate Student Conference on "Racism, Immigration, and Citizenship (Focus Middle East)", John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 17-18 April 2020

15.  EU-Middle East Jean Monnet Network (EUMENIA) Conference on EU Middle East Relations, University of Jordan, Amman, 21 April 2020

16.  Graduate Student Workshop on "Religion, Law, and Politics in the Middle East", Syracuse University, 23 April 2020

17.  International Conference: "Middle Eastern Studies: Conflicts and Struggles of the Contemporary Period", Altınbaş University, Istanbul, 14-15 May 2020

18.  Workshop on “Islam, Muslims, and Qualitative Inquiry“ during the “16th International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry“, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 22 May 2020

19.  Conference: "Turning Points: Interpreting the Past, Explaining the Present and Imagining the Future", Athens, Greece, 22-23 May 2020

20.  The Migration Conference 2020, South East European University, Tetovo, North Macedonia, 2-5 June 2020

21.  6th Conference on "China and the Middle East and North Africa", Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, 4-5 June 2020

22.  1st Annual Conference on Mediterranean Studies: “Renewable Energy and the Environment: Social, Political and Economic Dimensions", Yaşar University Center for Mediterranean Studies, Izmir, 4-5 June 2020

23.  Interdisciplinary Workshop: “Making Sense of Climate Change – Models, Cosmologies and Practices from North Africa and the Middle East", Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin, 8-9 June 2020

24.  Conference on Gender & Women's Studies 2020: “Removing Structural Barriers to Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment”, National University of Singapore, 15-16 June 2020

25.  20th International Conference of Migration: "The Multicultural Condition", University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Olten, 18-19 June 2020

26.  7th Regional Conference of the Central Eurasian Studies Society (CESS), University of World Economy and Diplomacy, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 25-28 June 2020

27.  BRISMES Annual Conference 2020: "Knowledge, Power and Middle Eastern Studies", University of Kent, Canterbury, 29 June – 1 July 2020

28.  10thInternational Conference on "Crusading Encounters", Royal Holloway, University of London, 29 June – 3 July 2020

29.  Panel 113 on "Histories and Horizons of Life Forms in the Middle East" during the Conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists (easa): "New Anthropological Horizons in and beyond Europe" in Lisbon, 21-24 July 2020

30.  International Conference: "Ideas in Motion: Arabia in Late Antiquity", Leiden University and King Faisal Centre for Research and Islamic Studies, 26-27 August 2020

31.  Conference on "Cultural Migrations", Sichuan University, Chengdu, 28-30 August 2020

32.  Conference: "New Perspectives on Middle East Migrations", North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 11-13 September 2020

33.  Conference: Islam, Peace, and Justice”, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada, 21-22 September 2020

34.  Interdisciplinary Seminar: "Transnational Refugee Practices and Discourses: Berlin, Istanbul, and the Urban Assemblages in Between", German Studies Association Meetings, Washington, DC, 1-4 October 2020

35.  Panel on "Political, Social and Religious Change in the Pre-Modern Islamic Maghrib” during MESA Conference, Washington, DC, 10-13 October 2020

36.  Panel on "Towards a History of the Circle in the Middle East” during MESA Conference, Washington, DC, 10-13 October 2020

37.  International Conference: "Musical Sources and Theories from Ancient Greece to the Ottoman Period", Ruhr-University Bochum, 19-21 November 2020


38.  Professor (W3) for Iranian Studies, Center for Near and Middle Eastern Studies (CNMS), Universität Marburg

39.  "Global Professorship 2020" at UK-Universities for Scholars in Humanities and Social Sciences Based Abroad

40.  Assistant Professor in Middle Eastern Diasporic Literatures and Cultures, York University

41.  1-2 Year Visiting Professorship, Scientific Advisor to the Kuwait Chair, Sciences Po, Paris

42.  Three-month Internship, Moroccan Institute for Policy Analysis, Rabat

43.  Assistant Professor in Comparative Politics/Middle East/North Africa, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

44.  Postdoctoral Fellowship in North African Studies, Council on Middle East Studies, Yale University (2020-2021 Academic Year)

45.  Postdoctoral Fellowship in Modern Middle East Studies, Council on Middle East Studies, Yale University (2020-2021 Academic Year)

46.  Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations of the Arabic Speaking Middle East, Australian National University


47.  MA & PhD Scholarships at the Central European University, Department of History, Vienna

48.  PhD Scholarship in Islamic & Middle Eastern Studies (IMES) at the University of Edinburgh

49.  GTOT Grant for Innovative Projects by Young Scholars – Funding Period: 2020, Society for Turkic, Ottoman and Turkish Studies

50.  Prix de thèse Moyen-Orient et mondes musulmans 2020

51.  Undergraduate Writing Competition: “Muslim Intellectual Life in 2nd Century Hijri/8th Century CE Baghdad”

52.  Course: “Palestine Refugees and International Law“, Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul, 13-14 March 2020

If you want to distribute an announcement via DAVO-Info-Service (about 1300 recipients) and EURAMES Info Service (more than 6000 recipients, only English and French announcements), please apply the usual format of the text with no more than 50 words and no attachment. Please send only the most important information to and refer to further details with a link to the respective website or an email address.

Best regards,

Guenter Meyer, Centre for Research on the Arab World (CERAW), University of Mainz in cooperation with University of Sharjah/UAE



1.    7e Colloque annuel du Cercle des Chercheurs sur le Moyen-Orient (CCMO) : « Images et imaginaires au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord », Hôtel de Ville de Paris et EHESS (Campus Condorcet), 23-24 janvier 2020


2.    Symposium: “Revolutions: Moments and Movements in Historical Perspective”, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ, 6-7 February 2020

The symposium will consider revolutions broadly in their social, cultural, and intellectual origins and ramifications, examining the interactions of ideologies, structures, pivotal moments, and social and political movements. The committee particularly encourages proposals that address the following topics: Revolutionary ideas and ideologies; Social and political conditions as preconditions for revolt; etc.


3.    3rd Annual Conference of the Centre for Islamic and West Asian Studies: “Urban Islam: Muslim Minorities, Identity and Tradition in West Asian, South Asian, and African Cities”, University of London, 19 February 2020

The conference will focus on all Muslim communities, including Sunni, Shiite, Sufi, those of sub-denominations and of different schools of thought, jurisprudence and theology; and adherents of Muslim movements having a prominent communal identity and living as minorities in Islamic cities.


4.    International Conference: "Language as a Bridge of Intercultural Communication", Faculty of Languages (Al-Alsun), Luxor University, 3-5 March 2020

The conference aims to provide modern studies in the fields of linguistic studies and intercultural communication as a basis in today's business world. It also seeks to address the studies of the analysis of Arabic discourse and studies of non-Arabic speakers, as well as the comparative studies between Arabic and other languages.


5.    Seventh Annual Workshop of “New Directions in Palestinian Studies: Who Owns Palestine?” Brown University, Rhode Island, 6-7 March 2020

The workshop will creatively engage with questions about ownership. The workshop format facilitates intellectual exchange via pre-circulated papers, brief presentations, and extended discussions in panels.

EURAMES Info Service 01/2020   



1.    International Conference of the Academy of Exile: “Dire Times: Critical Thinking Then and Now”, Berlin Max Planck Society, 16-17 January 2020

2.    7e Colloque annuel du Cercle des Chercheurs sur le Moyen-Orient : « Images et imaginaires au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord », EHESS, Paris, 23-24 janvier 2020

3.    Workshop: "Historiography of the Perception of Islam through Manuscripts, Korans and their Displacement", Naples, 11 February 2020

4.    International Conference on Qur'anic Studies, Tehran, 24-25 February 2020

5.    Conference of the Islamicate Graduate Student Association: "Who Speaks for Islam?: Approaches to Authority within the Academy and Beyond", Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 29 February 2020

6.    7th Annual Workshop of New Directions in Palestine Studies: “Who Owns Palestine?”, Brown University, 6-7 March 2020

7.    Workshop: "Western Intervention in the Wake of the Arab Uprisings: Political Containment, Neoliberalism, and Imperial Legacies", University of Oxford, 10-11 March 2020

8.    Panel on “National and Regional Dimension of Mediterranean Studies", during the Annual Meeting of the American Comparative Literature Association (ACLA), Chicago, 19-22 March 2020

9.    Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University Graduate Student Symposium, 26-27 March 2020

10.  Islam Section of the AAR Midwest Regional Conference, Muncie, Indiana, 27-28 March 2020

11.  6th Conference on Sustainable Tourism in Asia: “Tourism for Peace and Sustainability” (COSTA 2020), Osaka City, 27-28 March 2020

12.  26th Annual Conference of the Economic Research Forum (ERF) on “Sustainable Development Goals as a Framework for MENA’s Development Policy“, Luxor, 29-31 March 2020

13.  International and Interdisciplinary Conference: “Cultural and Critical Studies“, Doğuş University, Istanbul, 16-17 April 2020

14.  Conference “Digital Humanities in Arabic”, Doha Institute for Graduate Studies, Qatar, 20-21 April 2020

15.  Seminar: "Internationalism, Anti-Authoritarianism and Anarchism in the Eastern and Southern Mediterranean (1860 - 1920)", UCLouvain, Belgium, 21-22 April 2020

16.  8th International Symposium on the History of Cartography “Mapping the Ottoman Realm: Travelers, Cartographers and Archaeologist”, German Archaeological Institute (DAI), Istanbul, 21-23 April 2020

17.  Conference of the Collaborative Research Group Africa in the Indian Ocean: “New Gulf Streams – Middle East and Eastern Africa Intersected”, Lisbon, 23-24 April 2020

18.  Early Career Academics Symposium in Honour of Fred Halliday, Middle East Centre, London School of Economics, 30 April 2020

19.  10th International Conference on Religion and Spirituality in Society with Special Focus on: "Conservation, Environmentalism, and Stewardship – Ecological Spirituality as Common Ground", University of British Columbia, Vancouver, 30 April – 1 May 2020

20.  Conference: "Migration via the Sea or Desert: Recourse to Religious Figures in the Migratory Dynamics of Africa", Université Alassane Ouattara, Bouaké, Côte d'Ivoire, 7-8 May 2020

21.  International Conference on Middle Eastern Studies: “Conflicts and Struggles of the Contemporary”, Altınbaş University Istanbul, 14-15 May 2020

22.  International Conference: “Crossroads: European Cultural Diplomacy and Eastern Christianity in Syria and Palestine: A Connected History in Late Ottoman Times and the British Mandate”, Thessaloniki, 14-15 May 2020

23.  11th Annual Conference of the “Project on Middle East Political Science (POMEPS)“, George Washington University, 21-22 May 2020

24.  International Conference: "The Outsiders' Arabic: from Peripheral to Diaspora Arabic Varieties", University of Bucharest, 25-27 May 2020

25.  Conference: News Media in the Middle East: What is it Good for?”, University of Oslo, 26-27 May 2020

26.  23rd Annual International Congress of the Mediterranean Studies Association, University of Gibraltar, 27-30 May 2020

27.  International Conference: “The Discourse of Anger in the Arab World since 2011”, Grenoble Alpes University, 28-29 May 2020

28.  Annual Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society: “Francophone Borderlands”, Buffalo, NY, 28-31 May 2020

29.  Workshop: "Making Sense of Climate Change – Models, Cosmologies and Practices from North Africa and the Middle East", Leibniz Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin, 8-9 June 2020

30.  Workshop: “Travelling Practices and the Emergence of Tourism in the Middle East (16th-20thCenturies), Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Vienna, 12-13 June 2020

31.  24th Conference of the Comité International des Études Pré-Ottomanes et Ottomanes, Thessaloniki, 23-27 June 2020

32.  International Conference: “Africa and the Middle East and North Africa: Understanding Paradoxical Outcomes of Contemporary Transformations”, Ifrane (Morocco), 23-25 June 2020

33.  Roundtable on "Decolonizing Islamicate Manuscript Studies" during the Annual Meeting of the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies (BRISMES), University of Kent, Canterbury, 29 June – 1 July 2020

34.  7th Conference of the School of Mamluk Studies, Centre for Visual Arts and Research, Nicosia, 2-4 July 2020

35.  Congrès International des Sociologues de Langue Francaise : « GTO4 – Sociétés arabes en mouvement – La société moral (in)justifiée… », Tunis, 6-10 julliet 2020

36.  "Future Past: Memory and Imaginal Politics in Conflicts and for Conflicts", Amsterdam, 14-15 July 2020

37.  Conference of the International Association for the Study of Arabia (IASA): “Seminar for Arabian Studies“, Cordoba, 15-18 July 2020

38.  Gulf Research Meeting (GRM), University of Cambridge, 21-23 July 2020

39.  Panel on “Migrants, Law and the State in and beyond Europe” during the Conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA), Lisbon, 21-24 July 2020

40.  Conference on Mediterranean and European Linguistic Anthropology (COMELA), American College of Greece, Athens, 2-5 September 2020

41.  Panel on "Ottoman Cultural Mobilities: 19th Century Modes of Travel, Collecting and Display", within the "International Conference of European Urban Historians Network", Antwerp, 2-5 September 2020

42.  Conference of the Working Group “Ethnology of Reiligion“ of  the International Society for Ethnology and Folklore, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 6-9 September 2020

43.  Fifth Arabic Natural Language Processing Workshop (WANLP 2020), Barcelona, 13-18 September 2020

44.  International Conference: “An African Metropolis: Cairo and its African Hinterland in the Middle Ages”, IFAO, Cairo, 15-17 September 2020

45.  27th International Congress of the German Middle East Studies Association (DAVO), University of Osnabrück, 24-26 September 2020

46.  3rd ANU Religion Conference: “Religion and Migration: Culture and Policy”, Australian National University, Canberra, 8-10 December 2020

47.  Conference: “Rethinking Narratives of China and the Middle East – The Silk Roads and Beyond”, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 8-10 April 2021


48.  Grants for Three-years PhD Program at the German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA) (Focus MENA Region), Hamburg

49.  “Global Professorships 2020“ – Funding of Scholars in Humanities and Social Sciences Based Abroad to Do Research at UK Universities

50.  PhD Studentship in the Research Project "Colophons, Community, and the Making of the Christian Middle East, 1500-1900", University of Oxford

51.  Assistant Professor (Tenure-Track) in Middle Eastern Diasporic Literatures and Cultures, York University

52.  Assistant Professor in Gender, Post-Colonialism, and the Islamic World, York University

53.  One-year Post-doctoral Fellowship for Research on the History of Gender Studies (2020-2021), Tel Aviv University

read more

Libya peace still elusive despite ‘small step’ in Berlin   

Mon, 2020-01-20 19:32

BERLIN: A peaceful solution to Libya’s protracted conflict remains uncertain despite an international agreement struck in Germany, analysts say, as a fragile cease-fire between warring factions brought only a temporary truce.
On Sunday in Berlin, world leaders committed to ending all foreign meddling in Libya and to uphold a weapons embargo as part of a broader plan to end the country’s conflict.
But overnight Sunday to Monday heavy bombardment again echoed south of Tripoli — the capital of a country that has been in turmoil since the 2011 NATO-backed uprising that killed dictator Muammar Qaddafi.
Since April last year the UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) based in Tripoli has fought back against an offensive launched by fighters loyal to eastern commander Khalifa Haftar.
GNA leader Fayez Al-Sarraj and Haftar attended the Berlin summit but they refused to meet and the conference failed to get the two rivals to commit to a permanent truce.
The host, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, tried hard to get Sarraj and Haftar to engage in a serious dialogue.
But after the hours-long talks, she had to put on a brave face and admit she had no illusions concerning a peaceful outcome in Libya anytime soon.
“Ensuring that a cease-fire is immediately respected is simply not easy to guarantee,” Merkel said.
Echoing Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov who took part in the talks, she said the Libyan parties had taken “a small step forward.”
Khaled Al-Montassar, a Libyan university professor of international relations, agreed that much still needs to be done.
“Theoretically, the Berlin summit was successful and touched upon all the details and the causes of the Libyan crisis,” he said.
“But the mechanisms of implementing the summit’s conclusions are still not clear.”
The summit was attended by the presidents of Russia, Turkey, France and Egypt, as well as US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and UN chief Antonio Guterres.
The main points they agreed to will be put forward as a UN Security Council resolution.
They include a commitment to end foreign interference in Libya, respect for a UN arms embargo, a permanent cease-fire and steps to dismantle numerous militias and armed groups.
European states must now convince Italy to resume naval operations suspended since March 2019 aimed at enforcing the embargo.
Other points agreed in Berlin were a return to a political process under the auspices of the UN, respect for human rights and guarantees to ensure the security of Libya’s lucrative oil infrastructure.
The United Nations walked away from the summit satisfied at least with one key development.
The summit saw the formation of a military commission comprising five GNA loyalists and five Haftar delegates who will seek to define ways of consolidating the cease-fire.
The UN mission in Libya had for weeks urged the rival camps to submit names of delegates to such a commission, and its wish was finally answered on Sunday.
The military commission is expected to meet in the coming days, according to the UN, tasked with turning the fragile cease-fire into a permanent truce as requested by the international leaders in Berlin.
The cease-fire was co-sponsored by Russia and Turkey and has broadly held since it went into effect on January 12.
The main goal of the Berlin summit was to end the international divisions concerning Libya.
Although the GNA is recognized by the UN as Libya’s legitimate government, the world body’s member states do not agree when it comes to the oil-rich North African country.
Haftar, who insists his military campaign is aimed at battling Islamists, has the support of several countries, including Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and France, with some providing him with military and logistical backing.
The GNA is backed by Qatar and Turkey, which has recently sent some troops to shore up Sarraj’s embattled government.
Moscow is also suspected of backing Haftar but denies funding Russian mercenaries on the ground.
As a follow-up to the Berlin summit, the two rival administrations must now choose representatives to attend talks in order to revive the moribund political process, UN envoy to Libya Ghassan Salame said.
Algeria, which attended the conference and shares a border with Libya, on Monday offered to hold inter-Libyan talks on its soil. French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian will travel to Algiers on Tuesday, his ministry said Monday, to discuss the situation in Libya, among other topics.
Future Libya talks are certain to face huge challenges, particularly after pro-Haftar forces blocked oil exports from Libya’s main ports last week.
Meanwhile, Libyans on social media remained skeptical, the deep divisions reflected in comments such as “who won, Haftar or Sarraj?“
Tripoli resident Abdul Rahman Milud said a “another summit isn’t necessary.”
Establishing “a consensus among Libyans themselves” is much more important, he told AFP.

Main category: 
Berlin talks important step in resolving Libya crisis: Egypt FMLibya strongman Haftar in Athens for talks ahead of Berlin peace conference

Greek goth rock cult act Lefki Symphonia returns with brand new single   

Lefki Symphonia, the new wave / gothic rock band formed in 1984 in Athens, Greece, is back. The new single “Mehri Ton Thanato” (Until Death) and the...

The Shoah and the (re)making of Greek Jewry: The Jewish Community of Athens...   

Datum: 21.01.2020 Zeit: 16.15 Uhr
Ort: Universität Regensburg - Vielberth-Gebäude

Backhoe Rentals in Huntsville Alabama   


Backhoe Rental in Huntsville, Alabama. This backhoe rental is outfitted with a maximum digging depth of 18'2" and front loader bucket capacity of 1 cubic yard. These 4wd backhoes for rent are available in Huntsville,Brownsboro, Maysville, Ryland, Big Cove, Capshaw, Harvest, Toney, Meridianville, Mooresville, Athens, Tanner and surrounding Madison County areas. To learn more about backhoe rental rates and availability please call 844-873-4948. -


Σε κρίσιμη κατάσταση μετά από τροχαίο ο θρύλος της ιστιοπλοΐας Τάσος Μπουντούρης   


Είχε σοβαρό τροχαίο στην παραλιακή - Επεσε πάνω στον διάσημο προπονητή κολύμβησης Νίκο Γέμελο

Σε κρίσιμη κατάσταση νοσηλεύεται ο ολυμπιονίκης και θρύλος της ελληνικής ιστιοπλοΐας Τάσος Μπουντούρης. Ο παλαίμαχος ιστιοπλόος χθες το βράδυ είχε σοβαρό τροχαίο στην παραλιακή, στο Καλαμάκι, στο ύψος του συμμαχικού νεκροταφείου. Σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες, ο Μπουντούρης έχασε τον έλεγχο της μηχανής του και έπεσε σε διερχόμενο αυτοκίνητο, το οποίο κατά τραγική σύμπτωση οδηγούσε ο γνωστός προπονητής κολύμβησης Νίκος Γέμελος (προπονητής του Σπύρου Γιαννιώτη).  Ο κ. Γέμελος είναι καλά στην υγεία του. Οι ίδιες πληροφορίες αναφέρουν ότι ο κ. Μπουντούρης στη μηχανή είχε και συνεπιβάτη, ο οποίος δεν έχει πάθει κάτι.

Ο Τάσος Μπουντούρης γεννήθηκε στον Πειραιά στις 2 Αυγούστου 1955. Τρεις φορές παγκόσμιος πρωταθλητής, πρωταθλητής Ευρώπης επί σειρά ετών και με συμμετοχή σε 7 Ολυμπιάδες -1976, 1980 (3ος), 1984 (6ος), 1988, 1992, 1996 (4ος), 2004-. Κορυφαία διάκριση στην καριέρα του η κατάκτηση της τρίτης θέσης και του χάλκινου Ολυμπιακού μεταλλίου στους αγώνες του 1980 στη Μόσχα με σκάφος τύπου Soling και πλήρωμα τους Τάσο Γαβρίλη και Αριστείδη Ραπανάκη. Ο Τάσος Μπουντούρης έχει αγωνιστεί σε διαφορετικές κλάσεις με σκάφη «Finn», «Soling» και «Star».
Πηγή: - Φωτογραφία: Eurokinissi/ Photo Athens 2004


Food Service Worker - Concord University - Aramark - Athens, WV   

Adheres to Aramark safety policies and procedures including proper food safety and sanitation. Essential functions and responsibilities of the position may vary…
From Aramark - Tue, 14 Jan 2020 02:02:39 GMT - View all Athens, WV jobs

Ishika VIP Escort   


Call Girl Service In Kota will never let you down. We guarantee you to provide the best services for your lifetime. We know the demands and the wishes of our clients very well. All type of sexy and beautiful Escorts models are available at Call girls in kota to serve our clients in the best […]

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BSC Theatre tells the story of two sisters’ bond through Dungeons & Dragons, Oct. 24-27   

Bismarck State College Theatre opens its season with a dramatic comedy Oct. 24-27. A daring journey into the world of Dungeons & Dragons, Qui Nguyen’s “She Kills Monsters” runs Thursday through Saturday at 7:30 p.m. and 2:30 p.m. Sunday in Sidney J. Lee Auditorium on the BSC campus.
“She Kills Monsters” tells the story of Agnes Evans as she leaves her childhood home in Ohio following the death of her teenage sister, Tilly. When Agnes finds Tilly’s Dungeons & Dragons notebook, she stumbles into a journey of discovery and action-packed adventure in the imaginary world that was Tilly’s refuge.

Filled with '90s pop culture references that were the background noise of her young sister's adolescence, the play touches on a number of themes.

“This show is about a lot of things: growing up, grief, family ties, action adventure, identity,” says Danny Devlin, the production’s director and BSC assistant professor of theater. “The theme that interests me the most is based around theatre’s, and Dungeons & Dragons’, capacity for developing a community. Agnes finds her community in the adventuring group that sets out to slay the Tiamat and save the Lost Souls of Athens – just as the cast and crew of this show have found their community in each other and those attending will find a community in the audience.”
“She Kills Monsters” cast members are BSC students Naomi Chaffee, Alyssa Lechler, Stephen Loftesnes, Matt Masse, Cullen Mitzel, Drew Pengilly, William Ring, and Trey Zent  (all of Bismarck), Kennedy Sundsback (Hazen), Robert Day (Mandan), Shaylyn Lefor (Lefor), Alisha Letzring (New Salem), Ryann Steiner (Dickinson), and Kayti Preston (Doylestown, Ohio). Also in the cast is BSC alum Robert Day (Mandan).
Assisting Devlin is scenic/lighting and technical director Dean Bellin and stage manager Maryn Cabinaw (Boise, Idaho).
Reserved seat tickets can be purchased in advance online at, by calling the box office at 224-5677 or visiting the BSC Campus Information Center in the Student Union on campus. Tickets also can be purchased on performance days at the box office in Schafer Hall.


The Attack on Exarchia, an Anarchist Refuge in Athens   


Before dawn on August 25th, Rafi jolted awake to the sounds of police outside Spirou Trikoupi, a building where he was squatting, in the Athens neighborhood of Exarchia. A muscular twenty-eight-year-old from Kabul, Rafi had been an interpreter for the U.S. military.

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