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New (and New to Us) Materials in October & November 2019

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Collection development activities have always included a mix of purchases, gifts, and rediscovered items - at least during my twenty-years on the job. Items added to the Research Room during October 2019 continue that long tradition.

A memoir is the least objective, most personal form of writing. There have been a string of memorials and memoirs about Pat Conroy since his 70th birthday and quick death from pancreatic cancer in March 2016. Earlier this year we added memoirs about him by Bernie Schein, Pat Conroy: Our Lifelong Friendship and Michael Mewshaw, The Lost Prince: A Search for Pat Conroy. The latest memoir is perhaps the most personal of all. Tell Me A Story: My Life with Pat Conroy by Cassandra King Conroy, 2019 recounts "King-Ray's" life and times as the girlfriend, wife and widow of the Lowcountry's "Prince of Tides."  
 

Max Schneider, uno de los animadores que se han encargado de dar vida al nuevo Sonic, le ha explicado el proceso al portal Sonic Team Argentina. El rediseño empezó por la cabeza, y durante casi cinco meses estuvieron trabajando en él hasta que terminaron con la parte de las zapatillas.

Comenta que tenían a un lado el diseño visto en el primer tráiler, y al otro el Sonic moderno que podemos ver en muchos de sus juegos actuales. De esta forma, trataban de encontrar el equilibrio perfecto entre el acabado realista de uno y el aspecto de dibujo animado del otro.

Cuando se anunció que el erizo iba a cambiar de look a tenor de las quejas, la principal preocupación de muchos usuarios estaba en la sobrecarga de trabajo que esto podría suponer para el equipo. No obstante, aclaran que no hubo explotación de ningún tipo para los trabajadores. De hecho, si la película se retrasó hasta el 14 de febrero de 2020 fue para evitar crunch.

Para modificar todo se demoró varios meses ya que gran parte de la película ya estaba terminada. Y el proceso básicamente fue rediseñar, armar un nuevo rig y volver a animar todo con el nuevo personaje. Algunas cosas se rescataron de las viejas animaciones pero otras hubo que prácticamente animar todo otra vez.

Schneider también explica que, en un principio, Paramount Pictures sabía que el diseño podía no gustar a demasiada gente, pero que lo mismo ocurrió con las películas de las Tortugas Ninja o de Transformers y fueron un éxito a pesar de todo. Creían que aquel primer Sonic de dientes largos y proporciones humanas quedaría mejor en el entorno real en el que se desarrolla la cinta.

Sin embargo, después de que la respuesta del público fuera masivamente negativa, se reunieron con SEGA of America para acordar un nuevo enfoque. Cinco meses después nació el Sonic que finalmente sí veremos en la pantalla grande.


          

Red Friday - #PopUp - Maya Cham - 28/11/2019

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En marge du Black Friday, des associations françaises lancent le Red Friday pour sensibiliser à la précarité menstruelle. Chez nous, l'ASBL BruZelle collecte et redistribue des protections hygiéniques.
          

Kunjungi Soppeng, Wamen Agraria Serahkan 2137 Sertifikat Gratis

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Penyambutan Wakil Menteri (Wamen) ATR-BPN RI, Tjandra

KLIKSULSEL.COM,SOPPENG - Penyerahan sertifikat kegiatan reforma agraria redistribusi tanah dan konsolidasi tanah tahun 2019 di Kabupaten Soppeng diawali tradisi Tari Paduppa.

Selain Tari Padduppa, kegiatan juga dilanjutkan pemberian Sebilah Keris Pusaka sebagai cendra mata oleh Bupati Soppeng kepada Wakil Menteri (Wamen) ATR-BPN RI, Tjandra.

Penyerahan ini berlangsung di Waduk kawasan wisata Ompo (KWO)Kelurahan Ompo,Kecamatan Lalabata,Kabupaten Soppeng, Sulawesi Selatan, Selasa 26/11/2019.

Bupati Soppeng HA Kaswadi Razak mengucapkan terima kasih dan perhargaan kepada Wamen ATR-BPN Tjandra, yang telah hadir di Bumi Latemmamala.

"Ini merupakan prestasi bagi masyarakat Soppeng yang berbangga kedatangan seorang tamu yang telah memberikan kontribusi tanah yang menjadi kejelasan status tanah yang kita miliki,"Kata Kaswadi.

Menurut Kaswadi Razak, bahwa ini juga sebagai bentuk kepedulian pemerintah untuk meningkatkan fungsi lahan dan bisa menjadi jaminan kepemilikan tanah masyarakat.

"Selamat datang di Bumi Latemmamala Wakil Menteri Agraria dan Tata Ruang Indonesia Bapak Surya Tjandra bersama Rombongan,"Ucap Sahabat Akar tetap Super itu.

Berdasarkan informasi yang berhasil dihimpun media ini, Wamen Agraria dan Tata Ruang/BPN menyerahkan 2.137 sertifikat tanah secara gratis, terdiri dari 17 Kabupaten dan Kota se-Sulsel.

Laporan: Lantur
          

Toast, rediscovered...

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Nashoba Brook Bakery’s “Harvest” sourdough bread with pecans, walnuts, cranberries, apricots, figs & candied ginger. Like to spread with cream cheese.
          

Test - PureDiscovR

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Alexa und Spotify sind up to date und bieten den Zugang zu zahlreichen Musikinhalten aus aller Welt. Um die Angebote bequem nutzen zu können, eignen sich smarte Lautsprecher wie der DiscovR von Pure, der jede Menge Extras, wie einen besonderen Privatsphärenschutz an Bord hat. Wir haben ihn ausprobiert.
          

Assessing radiation dose limits for X-ray fluorescence microscopy analysis of plant specimens

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Abstract
Background and Aims
X-ray fluorescence microscopy (XFM) is a powerful technique to elucidate the distribution of elements within plants. However, accumulated radiation exposure during analysis can lead to structural damage and experimental artefacts including elemental redistribution. To date, acceptable dose-limits have not been systematically established for hydrated plant specimens.
Methods
Here we systematically explore acceptable dose-rate limits for investigating fresh sunflower (Helianthus annuus) leaf and root samples and investigate the time-dose damage in leaves attached to live plants.
Key results
We find that dose-limits in fresh roots and leaves are comparatively low (4.1 kGy), based on localised disintegration of structures and element-specific redistribution. In contrast, frozen-hydrated samples did not incur any apparent damage even at doses as high as 587 kGy. Furthermore, we find that for living plants subjected to XFM measurement in vivo and grown for a further 9 d before being reimaged with XFM, the leaves display elemental redistribution at doses as low as 0.9 kGy and they continue to develop bleaching and necrosis in the days after exposure.
Conclusions
The suggested radiation dose limits for studies using XFM to examine plants are important for the increasing number of plant scientists undertaking multidimensional measurements such as tomography and repeated imaging using XFM.

          

Avvento 2019: i sussidi disponibili

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Avvento 2019: i sussidi disponibili
Come ogni anno in occasione del tempo d’avvento gli uffici pastorali predispongono una serie di sussidi a disposizione di tutte le parrocchie per vivere insieme questo primo tempo forte dell’anno. Il tema di quest’anno è: “La stella li precedeva”. Ecco i materiali disponibili da scaricare: FASCICOLO ANIMATORI TRACCIA ANIMAZIONE LITURGICA DOMENICA E FESTE   VEGLIA DI […]
          

Mallorca ante la oportunidad de exportar un nuevo modelo turístico  

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Mallorca mostró liderazgo creando el turismo all inclusive, sería genial que ahora exporte el turismo regenerativo”, dijo Daniel Wahl, consultor y educador en desarrollo regenerativo, diseño de sistemas completos e innovación transformativa, al participar del Seminario INTO. Propuso a las grandes cadenas hoteleras juntar fuerzas para colaborar a nivel regional convirtiéndose en productores de energías renovables y hasta socios de sus proveedores para “intentar cerrar círculos” económicos.


“Para crear una presencia sostenible, para dejar de ser explotativos y dejar de hacer daño al medioambiente tenemos que rediseñar la presencia humana. Para hacerlo bien necesitamos colaboración internacional, pero sobre todo acciones regionales y locales”, explicó Wahl a HOSTELTUR, agregando que “hay muchas cosas que no se pueden hacer en el tamaño de una comunidad, pero la economía circular funciona muy bien y las islas son perfectas como modelos para experimentar esa transformación”.

Para que el mundo camine hacia un cambio de modelo en el mundo hacen falta ejemplos de economías bioregionales regenerativas, y “Mallorca tiene una gran oportunidad por su tamaño”.

Según el experto que días atrás abrió el Seminario INTO, destinos como Mallorca pueden ser “modelos de referencia", ya que el turismo es una actividad transversal que toca todos los ámbitos: el uso del agua, de energía, textiles, químicos, transporte, entre otros. Atendiendo esta particularidad, el sector tiene que pensar “qué puede aportar al cambio sistémico, porque mover el turismo, en un destino como Mallorca, es mover toda la isla”.

Daniel Wahl, Consultor y educador en desarrollo regenerativo.

“Las grandes empresas hoteleras de Mallorca han exportado un modelo de turismo que es el todo incluido barato, que hace accesible a todos unas buenas vacaciones”, ha destacado Wahl, planteando que “si se juntan pueden crear en Mallorca un modelo de referencia internacional (…) que muestre que el turismo puede ser un catalizador del cambio a nivel social y humanidad”

“Hay familias que se han hecho multimillonarios a base de la belleza de esta isla. Se trata de poner un poco de dinero detrás de las palabras que repiten de ser mallorquines orgullosos de serlo. Es un poco de compromiso estratégico para exportar un modelo turístico y devolver un poco a las regiones y a las islas”, remarca.

A su entender, si las empresas colaboran “pueden devolverle a la región la capacidad de tener resiliencia climática”. ¿De qué forma? “con la producción local de energías renovables; con el cambio hacia un transporte eléctrico publico más accesible y menos dañoso al medioambiente; haciéndose socios de sus proveedores; ayudado a formar cooperativas de agricultura regenerativa y orgánica”, que al mismo tiempo favorezcan a la regeneración del suelo. E incluso, innovando en la reutilización de la infraestructura turística, desarrollando nuevas ofertas.

Se trata de comprometerse a “apoyar la producción local para el consumo local”, desde comida hasta la producción de toallas. “De intentar cerrar círculos”, explica Wahl, celebrando el primer paso que han dado las cadenas Riu Hotels, Melia International, Iberostar y Garden Hotels junto a TIRME, con el programa piloto de hoteles circulares.

Además, en tiempos de cambio climático y de una economía global muy inestable, “esto también le permitirá a los hoteles manejar sus riesgos diversificando sus negocios”. En otras palabras, “es rentable para la empresa y para el planeta”

Entrar en la circularidad no es lo único que puede hacer: “Mallorca también puede ser un ejemplo de protección del Mar Mediterráneo, eso también tendría un impacto enorme y podría difundirse por todas las islas del Mediterráneo”. Sin embargo, aclaró que en todos los casos, los cambios dependen del sector empresario, pero también de la administración y la sociedad civil.

“Todos tenemos que salir un poco de nuestras posiciones rígidas y ver que ahora estamos en un barco que se está hundiendo, tenemos la posibilidad de colaborar y cambiar hacia un futuro viable o vamos a hundirnos todos”, alertó.


          

Sevilla ofrecerá nuevas experiencias turísticas gracias al 5G

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El despliegue de la tecnología 5G en Sevilla permitirá desarrollar nuevas experiencias turísticas en lugares como El Real Alcázar, el Palacio de Congresos y Exposiciones de Sevilla (FIBES), la Isla de la Cartuja, el Casco Histórico y en eventos como la Feria de Abril.


Las aplicaciones de la tecnología 5G abrazarán a sectores como la energía, el turismo, la industria, las ciudades inteligentes, la agricultura, la sanidad, la dependencia, la seguridad, el ámbito de las emergencias, la defensa y la sociedad y economía digital, según ha informado el consistorio sevillano.

5G para congresos y ferias

En el caso del palacio de congresos FIBES, "el proyecto ha permitido la incorporación total del recinto a la tecnología 5G", explica el ayuntamiento.

"Su adaptación que se ha realizado durante los últimos meses, y tendrá aplicación práctica en los principales eventos que se desarrollen en este complejo".

El proyecto piloto 5G está impulsado por el Ministerio de Economía y Empresa, a través de su entidad RED.es, en colaboración con las compañías Vodafone y Huawei y del Ayuntamiento de Sevilla

Por ejemplo, el Salón Internacional de Moda Flamenca o Expobelleza podrán disponer de probadores virtuales gracias a la tecnología 5G; mientras que durante el Congreso Internacional de Minería MMH se podrá dirigir desde Sevilla una excavación a miles de kilómetros.

Además, en los eventos relacionados con videojuegos se podrá aplicar la máxima velocidad de conexión posible.

Presentación del proyecto 5G en Sevilla.

Realidad aumentada y 3D

Por otro lado, en el Real Alcázar se realizará una "propuesta de innovación tecnológica vinculada al turismo".

Concretamente, "a lo largo de 2020 se podrán incorporar la realidad aumentada y reconstrucciones en 3D, generando unos espacios de realidad virtual, incorporando más información y contenidos y regresos a la historia del conjunto palaciego".

"La tecnología contribuirá, además, a la redistribución de los flujos de visitantes, atrayéndolos hacia aquellas zonas que no se encuentran ahora entre las que más público tienen. El proyecto se realiza con la colaboración de Past View".

El proyecto Piloto 5G en Andalucía se encuentra en la primera fase de desarrollo e incluye 32 casos en total.


          

España atrae al 13% de los turistas de lujo frente al 30% de Francia

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Pese a los avances logrados en los últimos años, España no es todavía un destino de referencia para los turistas de alto poder adquisitivo. Solo atrae al 13% de estos viajeros frente a países como Francia, Reino Unido e Italia, que superan el 30%, de acuerdo con el informe ‘El turista de lujo en España ¿un desconocido?’ elaborado por el operador internacional de tax free Global Blue.


Con cerca de 83 millones de turistas internacionales recibidos en 2018, España es la segunda potencia turística del mundo, detrás de Francia, pero ocupa la séptima posición en la clasificación de los principales países receptores de viajeros de alto poder adquisitivo, según destacó ayer en Madrid Jacques Stern, CEO de Global Blue. Presentó el citado informe en la jornada sobre el sector del lujo “Excellence Day de Círculo Fortuny, que esta ocasión se llevó a cabo bajo el lema "Excelencia, artesanía y cultura, principales motores del turismo de élite".

La clasificación liderada por Francia, que capta un 36% de estos viajeros, seguida de Reino Unido e Italia, ambos destinos con un 31%.

Los turistas de alto poder adquisitivo suponen solo el 0,5% del total, pero concentran el 17% de las ventas tax free que se realizan en los comercios. Sin embargo, en nuestro país su gasto es hasta un 62% inferior en comparación con otros destinos de nuestro entorno

España capta el 37% del presupuesto de los citados viajeros, con un gasto medio de 22.000 euros, mientras en países como el Reino Unido alcanza el 60%, donde su desembolso llega a los 35.000 euros de media en compras.

El Círculo Fortuny celebró ayer una jornada sobre turismo de lujo en la Real Academia de San Fernando, en Madrid, en la que el CEO de Global Blue Jacques Stern, presentó el último estudio sobre compras tax free de su compañía.

El directivo destacó la importancia de conocer a este viajero, sus preferencias, motivaciones y hábitos para adaptar la oferta a sus objetivos, generar una mayor predisposición al gasto y mejorar su experiencia, ya que, "además, de atraerles, hay que retenerles y darles el tratamiento de un viajero Vip", sentenció.

Un proceso en el que "el big data, que es el presente, no el futuro, es muy importante", indicó.

Se refirió también a la importancia de impulsar la promoción del destino y mejorar una la conectividad aérea. "Hay que invertir para posicionar a España en el largo plazo", señaló.

El perfil del viajero de alto poder adquisitivo se corresponde con el de una mujer, con frecuencia milenial, procedente de Asia, que viaja entre tres y cuatro veces al año y tiene una estancia de entre cinco y diez días en cada desplazamiento, según se recoge en el estudio.

Su gasto anual se sitúa entre los 50.000 y 210.000 euros, sobre todo en artículos de lujo exclusivos, con predilección por la joyería (45%) y los complementos (32%), bastante más que por la moda (18%).

Por nacionalidades, la China es la que más turistas de lujo aporta a Europa. En España suponen el 39% de los viajeros con mayor capacidad de gasto, a bastante distancia de se encuentran los procedentes de otros mercados del Sudeste Asiático (11%) y del Golfo Pérsico (9%) –en otros países europeos suponen el 15% y el 14% respectivamente-. "Estos países no están suficientemente bien representados en España", afirmó Stern.

Los viajeros de élite chinos suelen tener entre 20 y 30 años, los de Estados Unidos, más de 50, y los de Oriente Medio, entre 35 y 4 años

Mercado ruso

Por otro lado, según explicó el CEO de Global Blue, los viajeros de elite de Rusia y de Latinoamérica representan el 10% y el 8% de las llegadas de los viajeros de con más capacidad de gasto, mientras que a nivel global estas nacionalidades apenas alcanzan el 6% y el 2%, respectivamente.


          

Here’s why you should like the federal carbon tax

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An escalating carbon price, on the other hand, would allow GDP per capita to grow steadily so long as the proceeds of the carbon tax are redistributed to taxpayers, as the current plan foresees... By... 2030 and the emissions reductions are in the bag, Canadians would each be $3,300-a-year richer under carbon pricing than under the large-emitter-only scenario.
          

Rediscovering the forgotten #Indian #Artists of British #India

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The English East India Company, founded in 1600, was established for trading. But as the powerful multinational corporation expanded its control over India in the late 18th Century, it commissioned ...
          

Condannato in appello a 14 anni, scafista aggredisce due agenti della polizia penitenziaria

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Apprende che la Corte d'Appello di Palermo gli ha confermato la pena a 14 anni è va in escandescenza distruggendo le panchine della cella dove stava rinchiuso in attesa della sentenza e tenta di aggredire i poliziotti. Non pago per quanto aveva fatto una volta giunto al carcere Pietro Cerulli a Trapani dove si trova detenuto, ha aggredito 2 assistenti capo del nucleo traduzione della polizia penitenziaria di Trapani. E' accaduto nel pomeriggio di ieri a Trapani. Lui è Alì Rouibah algerino accusato di essere uno dei cinque presunti scafisti accusati di omicidio plurimo aggravato. Gli altri compagni di traversata Suud Mujassabi, libico, Abdullah Assnusi, libico, Imad Busadia, algerino e Shauki Esshaush, tunisino, si trovano detenuti in altri istituti penitenziari. I cinque, secondo i pm di Palermo, erano responsabili, in concorso con altri soggetti rimasti ignoti, di appartenere ad un'organizzazione criminale che operava in Libia, dedita a favorire l'illegale ingresso di stranieri nel territorio italiano, e avrebbero guidato un'imbarcazione in viaggio tra la Libia e l'Italia, con a bordo circa 650 cittadini extracomunitari. Secondo alcune testimonianze raccolte, i cinque avrebbero rivestito ciascuno un ruolo ben preciso utilizzando anche forme di violenza.


          

EuroMU | Exp: x1000 | Drop: 20% | OPEN TODAY !!! JOIN NOW

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Game Information • Opening 22/11/2019 • Website: https://www.euromu.net • Version Season 6 Episode 3 • Experience 1000x • Item Drop 20% Low Rate • Master Experience 5x (From Reset 20) • Type of server Medium Hard • Reset Level 400 ( Usuarios VIP at 395) • Max Master Level 400 • /attack & /offattack Activos / On • Characters All level 1 • Tipo de Reset Delete Stats +300 points per Reset. • Events All Working • Mission System +150 Quests • Elf Soldier Level 160 (1 RR MAX) • Bonus Party ON • Chaos Machine Rates +10 a +15 (70%)(65%)(60%)(55%)(50%)(40%) • Wings Creacion Rates Lvl 1 (80%) | Lvl 2 (60%) | Lvl 3 (50%) • Spots 5 / 6 Mobs • Items No custom ( Original Items ) ___________________________________________________________________________________ Commands: /readd (Re add your Stats you need 20 Coins for this command) /pkclear (Quit status PK) /s (Add points to Strengh) /a (Add points to agility) /v (Add points to vitality) /e (Add points to Energy) /c (Add points to command, only in DarkLords) /go+evento => example /godrop (takes you to the drop event); /gotvt (takes you to the npc to enter the TvT event); /goblood (takes you to the archangel to enter the blood) /marry to <Player> (Marrying another player will allow you to use the track and trace; requires 20 Coins) /trackmarry (It takes you to the place where your partner is) /tracemarry (Bring your partner to your position) /re auto (Auto party) /re off (reject all requests) /re on (activate requests) /remaster (redistribute master points, cost 100 Coins) /changename (Change name, cost 100 Coins)(Only VIP Golden) /classe (Change class, cost 300 Coins)(Only VIP Golden) PROFESSIONAL SERVER | ALL EVENTS WORK 100% JOIN NOW!!! www.euromu.net the server you were waiting for
          

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: Overview of Treaments

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Background/Intro: CRPS is a chronic disorder that predominantly affects the limbs with motor, sensory, and autonomic dysfunction.2 CRPS is most commonly incited from surgery or trauma to the affected limb. Symptoms can vary from case to case and which can lead to delayed diagnosis and treatment resulting in permanent debilitating consequences.

Epidemiology: CRPS incidence is approximately 20/100,000 , peak incidence is between ages 50-70 years old. 1

Etiology: >44% of CRPS cases results from injury, 185 from ligamentous injury and 12% attributed to surgery.6

Pathophysiology: Genetic predisposition, post traumatic inflammation in acute CRPS. CRPS symptoms vary so widely pathophysiology can differ greatly as well, thus CRPS pathophysiology is attributed to a multifactorial issues that involves both the peripheral and central nervous system

Diagnostic Criteria: Budapest Criteria; How to differentiate between CRPS 1 and CRPS 2

Signs/ Symptoms: Allodynia, skin color/ temperature asymmetry, trophic changes, sweating, motor changes, limited range of motion.3

Treatments: Physical/ Occupational therapy, psychological therapy, corticosteroids, NSAIDs, TCA’s, bisphosphonates, Opiates, spinal cord stimulation, sympathetic nerve blocks, adjunct Vitamin C.3


          

Sobrepeso como factor de riesgo

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Sobrepeso como factor de riesgo
Definición y prevalenciaLa Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) define el sobrepeso y la obesidad como una epidemia a escala mundial, y estima que cada año mueren como mínimo 2,8…

Actualmente se considera que el sobrepeso y la obesidad son un importante factor de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares (dislipemias e hipertensión arterial) y síndrome metabólico (diabetes, hipertensión y dislipemia), así como de diabetes tipo 2, accidente cerebrovascular, trastornos del aparato locomotor (especialmente osteoartritis o artrosis), trastornos respiratorios (apnea del sueño), problemas ginecológicos e incluso de algunos tipos de cáncer (endometrio, mama, ovarios, próstata, hígado, vesícula biliar, riñones y colon)2.

La obesidad infantil se asocia a dificultades respiratorias, mayor riesgo de fracturas, hipertensión, enfermedad cardiovascular, resistencia a la insulina y efectos psicológicos, además de probables futuros problemas de discapacidad en la edad adulta y muerte prematura2.

Asimismo, las personas con sobrepeso pueden ver disminuida tanto su calidad de vida como sus relaciones sociales, ya que los obesos pueden sufrir discriminación o aislamiento social, sentimientos de vergüenza y culpa y tendencia a la depresión2.

Uno de los parámetros que mayor incidencia tienen sobre el riesgo cardiovascular es la obesidad abdominal. De hecho, en personas cuyo índice de masa corporal (IMC) expresa normopeso, un contorno de cintura por encima de 102 en los hombres y de 88 en las mujeres aumenta el riesgo cardiovascular sensiblemente3. Un metaanálisis publicado en 2018 concluye que la asociación entre adiposidad y muerte súbita cardiaca fue positiva tanto para un IMC aumentado como para la adiposidad abdominal, aunque la relación pareció ser más fuerte para esta última4.

16 EF581 PROTOCOLOS SOBREPESO tabla 1Causas
A pesar de que puede haber influencias genéticas, hormonales o médicas, la causa fundamental del sobrepeso y la obesidad es un desequilibrio energético entre calorías consumidas y gastadas. Según la OMS2, a escala mundial se ha producido un aumento en la ingesta de alimentos de alto contenido calórico que son ricos en grasas y un descenso en la actividad física debido a la naturaleza cada vez más sedentaria de nuestra sociedad. Cuando se ingieren más calorías de las que se queman a través del ejercicio y de las actividades cotidianas normales, el cuerpo almacena ese exceso de calorías en forma de grasa (tabla 1).

16 EF581 PROTOCOLOS SOBREPESO tabla 2Factores predisponentes
Existen factores predisponentes que suponen un riesgo de sobrepeso u obesidad. Aun así, estos factores de riesgo no significan que una persona esté predestinada a ser obesa. La mayoría de estos factores pueden contrarrestarse con una dieta equilibrada, actividad física y ejercicio, y un buen estilo de vida. En la tabla 2 se relacionan los principales factores predisponentes.

Prevalencia
Según los datos del Estudio Nutricional y de Hábitos Alimentarios de la Población Española (ESTUDIO ENPE 2014-2015), la prevalencia de sobrepeso estimada en la población adulta española (25-64 años) es del 39,3%, mientras que la de la obesidad general es del 21,6% (el 22,8% entre los varones y el 20,5% entre las mujeres), una prevalencia que aumenta con la edad.

La prevalencia de obesidad abdominal se estima en el 33,4%, mayor entre las mujeres que entre los varones, y también aumenta con la edad5.

El estudio más reciente en la población pediátrica (ALADINO 2015)6 indica que el porcentaje de sobrepeso infantil en España está en torno al 23%, mientras que el de obesidad infantil está en torno al 18%.

Protocolo de actuación (figura 1)
En la farmacia se reciben cada día múltiples demandas de consejo relacionadas con el exceso de peso. En algunos casos la persona con sobrepeso u obesidad pide ayuda de forma general, y otras veces se acerca al mostrador para solicitar un complemento alimenticio que la ayude a perder peso: en estos casos la comunicación es fácil y facilita nuestra actuación.

No obstante, en otras ocasiones se puede dar la situación de que atendamos a un paciente con evidente sobrepeso al que una pérdida de peso supondría una mejora de su patología. En estos casos debemos actuar con tacto y explicar al paciente los beneficios de una pérdida de peso de pocos kilos, ofreciéndonos a orientarlo y ayudarlo en ese cometido. La mayoría de las situaciones con las que nos encontraremos estarán relacionadas con un aumento de peso debido a los siguientes motivos:

  • Malos hábitos alimentarios y/o sedentarismo.
  • Cambios hormonales en la perimenopausia, tras embarazo y lactancia.
  • Condiciones médicas (enfermedades o tratamientos farmacológicos).

En todos estos supuestos, lo primero será detectar si se dan condiciones para que podamos actuar o si debemos derivar al paciente al médico (figura 1). Nuestra actuación debe estar orientada a dar las pautas y consejos necesarios para una pérdida de peso saludable en mayores de 18 años que presenten sobrepeso o un índice de obesidad moderada, realizando un seguimiento personalizado. En el caso de los niños y adolescentes, podemos ayudar con consejo nutricional y haciendo un seguimiento, pero debemos aconsejar a los padres la visita al pediatra o al médico de atención primaria (según la edad) para un control global del estado de salud del niño.

16 EF581 PROTOCOLOS SOBREPESO figura 1

Parámetros que deben tenerse en cuenta
Los principales parámetros que debemos considerar son el IMC, el contorno de cintura y el índice de masa grasa.

16 EF581 PROTOCOLOS SOBREPESO tabla 3IMC
Este índice sirve para clasificar el grado de sobrepeso u obesidad, y se calcula a partir de la siguiente fórmula: peso (kg) / talla (m2).

Según la Sociedad Española para el Estudio de la Obesidad (SEEDO)7, la clasificación resultante es la que se muestra en la tabla 3. Desde la farmacia se puede actuar únicamente hasta un IMC de 30 kg/m2; un IMC mayor siempre debe ser remitido al médico.

16 EF581 PROTOCOLOS SOBREPESO tabla 4Contorno de cintura (CC)
Es un índice de predicción de riesgo cardiovascular. Se debe medir la cintura por encima del ombligo (tabla 4). Puede darse el caso de una persona con IMC en normopeso que tenga un contorno de cintura elevado; en estos casos también debemos actuar intentando descubrir cuál es la causa (sedentarismo, ingesta alcohólica, etc.) y modificar los hábitos, remitiendo al paciente al médico en caso necesario.

Índice cintura-cadera
Otro índice que debe tenerse en cuenta es el de cintura-cadera. Es la relación que resulta de dividir el perímetro de la cintura de una persona (medido a la altura de la última costilla flotante) por el perímetro de su cadera (medido a nivel de los glúteos), ambos valores en centímetros (cm). Los estudios indican que una relación entre cintura y cadera superior a 0,94 en varones y a 0,84 en mujeres está asociada a un aumento en la probabilidad de contraer diversas enfermedades (diabetes mellitus, enfermedades coronarias, problemas de presión arterial, etc.) (tabla 5).

16 EF581 PROTOCOLOS SOBREPESO tabla 5

Porcentaje de grasa corporal (PGC)
Existen aparatos para medir la grasa corporal, pero si no disponemos de ellos pueden utilizarse las fórmulas desarrolladas por Hodgdon y Beckett8. Las ecuaciones son distintas para los hombres y para las mujeres.

La ecuación para hombres es:

PGC= 495 / (1,0324-0,19077 (log[cintura-cuello]) + 0,15456 (log[altura])) – 450

La ecuación para mujeres es:

PGC= 495 / (1,29579-0,35004 (log[cintura + cadera-cuello]) + 0,22100 (log[altura])) – 450

Según la SEEDO, hay obesidad cuando el porcentaje de la masa grasa supera el 25% en hombres y el 33% en mujeres9.

Actuación
El protocolo de actuación debería incluir una entrevista en la que se determinarán los siguientes aspectos:

  • Edad y estado de salud general del consultante.
  • Cribado de posibles comorbilidades que aconsejen derivación al médico.
  • Medición de parámetros antropométricos para determinar el tipo de obesidad.
  • Hábitos alimentarios y estilo de vida.

Toda actuación debe tener un seguimiento, y para ello es aconsejable abrir una ficha en que se reflejen los datos antropométricos iniciales y sus variaciones en las siguientes visitas de control para comprobar la evolución del paciente.

Asimismo, se le pedirá al paciente que anote todo lo que come y el ejercicio que realiza, para poder corregir los errores de forma pertinente.

La base del abordaje del sobrepeso o la obesidad debe partir de un buen consejo nutricional, con el que se corrijan los errores en la alimentación, y de la recomendación de realizar ejercicio físico (según preferencias y posibilidades, andar media hora diaria puede ser suficiente). Sin una alimentación equilibrada, de bajo índice glucémico y ajustada calóricamente de forma individual para establecer una forma de comer saludable, cualquier intento de reducir peso fracasará. También debemos concienciar a la persona con sobrepeso de que el ejercicio es esencial e imprescindible para perder peso y mantener una buena salud. Perder peso puede ser relativamente fácil lo difícil es mantenerlo si no se cambian de forma permanente los hábitos que llevaron al sobrepeso o la obesidad.

En caso necesario, como coadyuvantes de la dieta y el ejercicio se pueden pautar complementos alimenticios o tratamientos de indicación farmacéutica que ayuden a establecer los cambios de hábitos (por ejemplo, complementos alimenticios de acción saciante y disminuidora de la absorción de grasas, reductores del pico glucémico, inhibidores de la lipogénesis y termogénicos).

Tratamiento y consejos al paciente
Consejo nutricional
Debe ser individualizado y estar encaminado a corregir malos hábitos dietéticos. Como norma general, deben seguirse las siguientes recomendaciones:

Alimentación equilibrada y variada que aporte unas 1.200 o 1.500 kcal/día.

  • Incluirá: verduras y hortalizas, frutas, legumbres, hidratos de carbono de bajo índice glucémico, carnes blancas y pescado, aceite de oliva.
  • Limitará: la ingesta de alimentos ricos en grasa (bollería, fritos, aperitivos, etc.) y alcohol.

El consejo nutricional se basará fundamentalmente en la dieta mediterránea. En la web de la Fundación Dieta Mediterránea (https://dietamediterranea.com/nutricion-saludable-ejercicio-fisico/) se dan pautas muy interesantes de alimentación saludable, incluyendo formas de cocinar y recetas orientativas para una alimentación equilibrada.

Establecer estrategias para facilitar el cumplimiento de la dieta:

  • Realizar la compra con lista para no dejarse llevar por impulsos: no comprar alimentos procesados, bollería, etc., ya que contienen grasas saturadas; no comprar refrescos azucarados, etc.
  • Formas de cocinar: a la plancha, al vapor, horneado, papillote, Wok, etc.
  • No utilizar platos grandes: un plato grande hace que parezca que se va a comer menos y que se va a quedar con hambre.
  • Comer zanahorias, apio u otros vegetales cuando se sienten ganas de picoteo.

Pautas de ejercicio físico
Practicar actividad física aeróbica de intensidad moderada por lo menos 30 minutos durante 5 días a la semana (caminar a paso ligero, nadar, bailar, etc.) y realizar ejercicios de fortalecimiento de la musculatura.

Complementos alimenticios como coadyuvantes de la dieta y el ejercicio
Los complementos alimenticios deben pautarse en función de las necesidades individuales atendiendo a su mecanismo de acción. Algunos de los ingredientes más utilizados en los complementos alimenticios coadyuvantes se relacionan en la tabla 6.

16 EF581 PROTOCOLOS SOBREPESO tabla 6

Otros ingredientes

  • Micronutrientes: cromo y vitaminas del grupo B. El cromo parece mejorar la acción de la insulina. Algunos estudios han encontrado que adultos con obesidad y sobrepeso tienen una menor concentración sanguínea de tiamina, vitamina B6, vitamina B12 y ácido fólico. Los mecanismos de acción y beneficios que podría tener su aporte no se han estudiado, aunque estas vitaminas son cofactores en la formación de L-carnitina.
  • L-carnitina. Actúa como transportador de las grasas, y puede ayudar a reducir la grasa corporal cuando se realiza ejercicio.
  • Ácido alfa-lipoico. Es un cofactor de la respiración mitocondrial. Podría ser útil junto al ejercicio para la reducción del contorno de cintura.
  • Ácido linoleico conjugado (CLA). Parece reducir y/o mejorar la composición corporal o lipídica, aunque las revisiones de los estudios realizados hasta el momento no han dado diferencias demasiado significativas.
  • Aceite de coco. Estaría recomendado en dietas bajas en hidratos de carbono para acelerar el proceso metabólico. Al parecer, los ácidos grasos de cadena media que contiene se metabolizan vía hepática, transformándose en energía para acelerar el proceso metabólico. Hacen falta más estudios.
  • Probióticos. La relación causa/efecto entre la microbiota intestinal y la obesidad todavía no está bien establecida; sin embargo, los resultados de algunos estudios apuntan a que la administración de ciertos probióticos podría ser un complemento útil como tratamiento coadyuvante.
Advertencia: las mujeres embarazadas no deben utilizar complementos alimenticios sin supervisión médica

Otros productos

  • Alimentos de sustitución (barritas, sobres, etc.). No deben constituir un sustitutivo generalizado de la comida. Su uso generalizado no contribuye a promover hábitos de alimentación correcta. Pueden ser útiles como «corta hambre» o en situaciones en que es difícil comer correctamente (comida fuera de casa por trabajo, etc.).
  • Productos para dietas hiperproteinadas. Pueden constituir una estrategia a corto plazo para promover una pérdida de peso más rápida al principio. Las preparaciones hipocalóricas e hiperproteicas (barritas, sobres, etc.) deben combinarse con alimentos convencionales. No deben mantenerse más allá de 45 días y deben ir acompañadas de una reeducación nutricional, ya que el objetivo es acabar manteniendo el peso con una alimentación correcta.

Bibliografía
OMS. Diez datos sobre la obesidad. Octubre 2018. Disponible en: https://www.who.int/features/factfiles/obesity/es/ (última consulta: septiembre 2019).
OMS. Obesidad y sobrepeso. Datos y cifras. Disponible en: https://www.who.int/es/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight (última consulta: septiembre 2019).
Valle Muñoz A. Fundación Española del Corazón. Disponible en: https://fundaciondelcorazon.com/prevencion/riesgo-cardiovascular/obesidad-abdominal.html (última consulta: septiembre 2019).
Aune D, Schlesinger S, Norat T, Riboli E. Body mass index, abdominal fatness, and the risk of sudden cardiac death:
a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Eur J Epidemiol. 2018; 33(8): 711-722.
Aranceta-Bartrina J, Pérez-Rodrigo C, Alberdi-Aresti G, Ramos-Carrera N, Lázaro-Masedo S. Prevalencia de obesidad general y obesidad abdominal en la población adulta española (25-64 años) 2014-2015: estudio ENPE. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2016; 69(6): 579-587.
Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad. Agencia Española de Consumo, Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición. Estudio de Vigilancia del Crecimiento, Alimentación, Actividad Física, Desarrollo Infantil y Obesidad en España. 2015. Disponible en: http://www.aecosan.msssi.gob.es/AECOSAN/docs/documentos/nutricion/observatorio/Estudio_ALADINO_2015.pdf (última consulta: septiembre 2019).
SEEDO. IMC. Disponible en: https://www.seedo.es/index.php/pacientes/calculo-imc (última consulta: septiembre 2019).
Hodgdon J, Beckett M. Prediction of percent body fat for U.S. Navy men and women from body circumferences and height. Naval Health Research Center. 1984; 84-29/84-11. San Diego, California.
Lecube A, Monereo S, Rubio MA, Martínez-de-Icaya P, Martí A, Salvador J, et al. Sociedad Española para el Estudio de la Obesidad (SEEDO). Prevención, Diagnóstico y Tratamiento de la Obesidad. Posicionamiento SEEDO 2016. Disponible en: https://www.seedo.es/images/site/ConsensoSEEDO2016.pdf (última consulta: septiembre 2019).


          

Prevención de catarros y resfriados

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Prevención de catarros y resfriados
Infecciones víricas de las vías respiratorias superioresTodos los años las patologías o infecciones víricas que afectan a las vías respiratorias superiores (IVRS) (gripe, resfriado, faringitis, bronquitis) provocan entre la población…

Aunque son patologías agudas normalmente autolimitadas en el tiempo (con una duración, en general, no superior a 7 días), suponen un problema de salud pública de primera magnitud, no sólo por su incidencia en el sistema sanitario sino también porque constituyen las causas más frecuentes de bajas laborales y escolares.

Del impacto social y sanitario de los procesos víricos respiratorios nos dan una idea los datos del Ministerio de Sanidad: la proporción de población afectada durante las epidemias anuales oscila entre el 5 y el 15% en poblaciones grandes, y es superior al 50% en grupos de población cerrados, como establecimientos escolares o asilos. Según el Sistema de Vigilancia de la Gripe en España (SVGE), en la campaña de 2018-2019 se atendieron 490.000 casos de gripe en atención primaria, con 35.300 hospitalizaciones confirmadas (de las que 2.500 requirieron ingreso en UCI), y se produjeron 6.300 defunciones atribuibles a la gripe.

Su transmisión se produce por vía aérea, a través de gotas en aerosol cargadas de virus (procedentes de secreciones nasales, bronquiales o saliva): las «gotas de Flügge», y los «corpúsculos de Wells», minúsculas gotitas que son emitidas con la tos, los estornudos o simplemente al hablar, y que alcanzan una dispersión de hasta 1 metro desde el emisor. Este mecanismo permite una abundante y rápida propagación de los virus en el entorno. Se produce también una autoinoculación nasal o conjuntival a través de las manos contaminadas o pañuelos reutilizables.

El principal factor predisponente que facilita la proliferación y diseminación de los virus responsables son las bajas temperaturas del invierno, que provocan una ralentización del sistema inmunitario humano, una reducción de la movilidad de los cilios de la nariz y una disminución del calibre de los vasos sanguíneos que irrigan la mucosa nasal. Otros factores que facilitan la infección son: fatiga excesiva, estrés emocional, alteraciones rinofaríngeas alérgicas o fase intermedia del ciclo menstrual.

En los climas templados, las epidemias estacionales de estos virus de vías respiratorias se producen sobre todo durante el otoño e invierno, mientras que en las regiones tropicales pueden aparecer durante todo el año, produciendo brotes más irregulares. La gripe se difunde en una comunidad en un tiempo de 6 a 8 semanas. Por lo general son los niños quienes introducen los virus en el hogar, y el índice de afectación secundaria depende de la edad del individuo y de su estado inmunitario. Dicha propagación suele ocurrir en forma de epidemia y se produce en dos niveles: el primero en el entorno familiar, y el segundo en lugares cerrados e instituciones semicerradas.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS tabla 1Entre las posibles complicaciones de las IVRS destaca por su morbimortalidad la neumonía, producida por infecciones bacterianas secundarias pulmonares (es más frecuente en ancianos, pacientes con cardiopatías previas, enfermedades pulmonares crónicas o inmunodeprimidos), así como las bronquitis, faringitis, sinusitis y otitis. Los niños padecen resfriados a menudo, suelen tener el primero en su primer año de vida y, a los 6 años, son especialmente propensos a padecerlos. En Europa, los niños pequeños tienen una media de 5-8 infecciones por año, desde septiembre a finales de abril, sufriendo otras complicaciones como la otitis media (tabla 1).

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS tabla 2Gripe y resfriado, ¿es importante diferenciarlos?
La gripe y el resfriado son patologías agudas de origen vírico y, en condiciones normales, autolimitadas en el tiempo (generalmente duran 1 semana). Ambas tienen en común una sintomatología similar, una alta incidencia y un abordaje terapéutico sintomático (tabla 2).

Los síntomas más típicos del resfriado común, o catarro, son la ausencia de fiebre o fiebre baja e inflamación y edema de las vías respiratorias superiores (nariz, garganta, tráquea, laringe, senos paranasales), ojos y oídos. Suelen ir acompañados de inapetencia y sensación de malestar general. Todo ello se traduce en frecuentes estornudos, congestión nasal, rinorrea acuosa y picor de garganta. Al evolucionar la sintomatología, las secreciones nasales adquieren una consistencia espesa, incluso purulenta, y aumenta la producción de tos.

Los síntomas y signos característicos de la gripe son: escalofríos, sudoración y fiebre de inicio brusco con malestar y dolores musculares generalizados (acompañados de debilidad y fatiga), y dolor de cabeza, tos seca y dolor de garganta. La fiebre y los dolores musculares suelen persistir unos días, aunque la congestión y la falta de energía pueden durar varias semanas. La convalecencia suele ser larga, durando el malestar general, la astenia y la tos hasta 2 semanas.

Un resfriado requiere unos pocos días de reposo, y puede mitigarse con algún medicamento que amortigüe los síntomas más marcados del cuadro. Por el contrario, una gripe puede tener un desarrollo y unas secuelas más importantes, que requieren un diagnóstico médico y unos cuidados más precisos para evitar complicaciones en personas predispuestas, como ancianos, niños, enfermos crónicos, etc. (figura 1).

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS figura 1

Las IVRS agudas son las consultas más frecuentes en la farmacia comunitaria en las estaciones de otoño e invierno, por lo que la valoración por parte del farmacéutico comunitario de criterios de posible gravedad o de situaciones especiales de riesgo que obliguen a la derivación al médico será fundamental para su adecuada resolución. Dicha actuación consiste inicialmente en evaluar la banalidad o no del proceso catarral, valorando los síntomas que el paciente presenta para decidir si es mejor aconsejar la derivación al médico. En caso de no existir motivos para ello, se indicarán las medidas terapéuticas (farmacológicas y no farmacológicas) más adecuadas en función de las características individuales del paciente, aliviando los síntomas y teniendo en cuenta que existen determinados pacientes en situaciones especiales para los cuales el tratamiento farmacológico puede estar desaconsejado, o en quienes su utilización debe realizarse con precauciones específicas. Además, es necesario proporcionar consejo farmacéutico para la prevención del contagio.

Prevención de las IVRS
El farmacéutico comunitario dispone hoy de un amplio arsenal terapéutico para ayudar a mejorar el estado de los pacientes y aliviar los síntomas asociados a estas enfermedades respiratorias, siempre que no se presenten complicaciones asociadas que requieran la derivación al médico.

Existen, además, una serie de medidas de carácter profiláctico que son aconsejables en los pacientes afectados. Se trata de medidas higiénico-preventivas que no sólo contribuyen a aliviar las molestias, sino que además permiten prevenir y reducir la transmisión de los virus entre personas y el autocontagio.

Medidas preventivas

  • Evitar el contacto con las personas afectadas al menos durante los 2-4 primeros días del proceso. Autoaislarse en caso de malestar, fiebre u otros síntomas gripales.
  • Lavarse frecuentemente las manos, con jabón y agua caliente o gel desinfectante.
  • Evitar los locales cerrados o mal ventilados y los lugares donde se reúnen muchas personas.
  • Evitar los cambios bruscos de temperatura y las aglomeraciones, y no salir de lugares con calefacción a zonas de frío sin abrigarse.
  • Evitar el consumo de tabaco y alcohol, ya que suponen un sobresfuerzo para el sistema inmunitario y las vías respiratorias.
  • Utilizar pañuelos desechables y eliminarlos a continuación.
  • Tapar nariz y boca al toser y estornudar, lavándose siempre después las manos.
  • Evitar frotarse los ojos después de sonarse o estornudar.
  • Seguir una dieta sana y equilibrada rica en frutas y verduras que proporcione un aporte vitamínico y mineral completo.
  • Por su carácter antioxidante, el consumo de vitamina C (en dosis de 1 g diario), pese a ser controvertido, tiene una amplia aceptación y algunas evidencias de su efectividad.
  • Mantener una buena hidratación (zumos de frutas, infusiones, agua, caldos, etc.), pero sin exagerar.
  • Evitar el estrés. Parece ser un factor importante de descenso en la actividad del sistema inmunitario, lo que nos hace más propensos a enfermar.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS 2Medidas paliativas

  • Humidificar el ambiente adecuadamente. Es fundamental para mantener la humedad en las vías respiratorias y aumentar la fluidez de la mucosidad.
  • Reposo en cama, con la cabeza elevada, pero evitando un excesivo abrigo.
  • Aumentar la ingesta de líquidos (sobre todo caldos de verduras y zumos de frutas) ayudará a fluidificar las secreciones respiratorias.
  • Recomendar la utilización de vaselina para los labios y la nariz enrojecida.
  • Hacerse vahos de vapor para evitar la congestión nasal (humidificadores).
  • Evitar las pastillas de regaliz, ya que producen sequedad y, en algunos casos, pueden alterar la presión arterial.

Coadyuvantes no farmacológicos para los diferentes síntomas

  • Congestión nasal: el tratamiento de elección para niños, embarazadas e hipertensos es el suero fisiológico o el agua de mar.
  • Dolor de garganta: debemos recomendar hacer gárgaras, un remedio casero con una cucharada de sal en un vaso de agua tibia.
  • Estado febril, malestar general: hacer reposo en cama en una habitación fresca y no muy seca, con ropa ligera, y evitar esfuerzos, cambios bruscos de temperatura y ambientes cargados. Mantener una buena hidratación.
  • Estornudos/rinorrea: debemos recomendar el uso de pañuelos desechables, y que el paciente se lave frecuentemente las manos y evite frotarse los ojos. Se puede emplear vaselina o alguna crema hidratante para la nariz irritada y los labios.
  • Dolor de oídos: se puede aliviar aplicando calor local o instilando unas gotas de aceite de oliva.
  • Tos: emplear demulcentes, recomendar la ingesta abundante de líquidos y las gárgaras con agua tibia salada, y evitar los ambientes cargados. Existen algunas evidencias del efecto beneficioso de la miel, aunque no se debe utilizar en niños menores de 1 año.
  • En general, es recomendable humidificar el ambiente, aunque no debe añadirse al agua mentol, eucalipto, etc., pues no hay evidencia de ningún beneficio. Es preferible realizar inhalaciones o vahos de vapor simplemente con agua o suero fisiológico.

Inmunomoduladores y otros
Además de las medidas preventivas citadas, que podemos considerar clásicas o tradicionales, en los últimos tiempos han surgido nuevos conceptos que abren posibilidades, aunque no en todos los casos se dispone de evidencia científica contrastada. A ciertas sustancias presentes en vegetales y hongos se les atribuyen propiedades modificadoras de la respuesta biológica, potenciadoras y estimulantes del sistema inmunitario que podrían ser útiles en el tratamiento y prevención de ciertas enfermedades, entre las que se encuentran las IVRS.

En el caso de los hongos, sus propiedades parecen tener su origen en su contenido en germanio, que se relaciona con la actividad del interferón en el organismo, sustancia que éste genera como elemento fundamental del sistema inmunitario. Entre estos hongos, de los que se están estudiando sus posibles propiedades inmunomoduladoras, se encuentran los ascomicetos y basidiomicetos: Agaricus blazei (A. brasiliensis, A. subrufescens), Ganoderma lucidum, G. pfeifferi, Inonotus obliquus, Lentinula edodes, Coriolus (Trametes) versicolor, Hericium erinaceus, Ophiocordyceps (Cordyceps) sinensis, Pleurotus ostreatus, Rozites caperata, Sparassis crispa, Tremella mesenterica y T. fuciformis.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS 3Ganoderma lucidum es un hongo al que la terapéutica actual dedica especial interés. Usado desde hace mucho tiempo por la medicina oriental, en la literatura científica se encuentran numerosos artículos en los que se estudian sus componentes bioquímicos y sus propiedades farmacológicas en los más diversos campos de la farmacoterapia. En el basidiocarpo, micelio y esporas de G. lucidum se encuentran más de 400 compuestos bioactivos que incluyen triterpenoides, polisacáridos (glucanos), nucleósidos, esteroides y oligoelementos con actividad antioxidante, antirradicales libres, inmunomoduladora, hipolipemiante, hipoglucemiante, antihipertensiva, analgésica, antiinflamatoria, antiviral (incluyendo anti-VIH), antibacteriana, hepatoprotectora, inductora del sueño, etc.

Estudios in vitro e in vivo sugieren que los polisacáridos de G. lucidum (PSGL) estimulan las células inmunes, incluidos los linfocitos B, linfocitos T, células dendríticas, macrófagos y linfocitos citolíticos (células NK: natural killer). Existen también algunos estudios in vivo que muestran el incremento de los mecanismos de defensa en animales y humanos.

Un reciente ensayo clínico mostró que suplementos alimenticios de salvado de arroz fermentado con Lentinula edodes lograban un incremento significativo de la producción de interferón gamma, pero no aumentaban la efectividad de las células NK. Por otro lado, en estudios sobre algunas especies como Ganoderma lucidum (reishi) o Lentinula edodes (shiitake), se demuestra que el sistema inmunitario de un organismo sano no se ve afectado por los metabolitos de estos hongos. Sólo actúan cuando las defensas están bajas, por ello se consideran tanto reguladores como potenciadores del sistema inmunitario.

Para estos macromicetos se proponen a menudo nuevas aplicaciones y se publican resultados de investigaciones que parecen aportar elementos de interés en el campo de la farmacoterapia, aunque no siempre con las garantías de fiabilidad y validez exigibles para su traslado a la práctica clínica, algo que se señala a menudo en algunas revisiones y metaanálisis. Los propios autores de los trabajos incluidos en los metaanálisis reconocen en muchos de ellos que los resultados no son concluyentes o tienen escasa significación clínica, a pesar de presentar significación estadística, y en muchos casos se trata de ensayos en los que el elemento fúngico se ha utilizado como coadyuvante de un tratamiento con un fármaco convencional.

Entre las especies vegetales cuya utilidad en la prevención y tratamiento de las IVRS se ha estudiado en los últimos años tenemos: Aster spathulifolium, Echinacea spp., Panax ginseng, Pelargonium sidoides, Pinus thunbergii, Punica granatum, Rhodiola rosea, Schisandra chinensis y Thuja orientalis.

La raíz y el rizoma de equinácea contienen polisacáridos, compuestos poliacetilénicos y fenólicos de actividad inmunoestimulante. Se trata de un mecanismo no específico: se ha observado que estimula in vitro la producción de citocinas que tienen capacidad de activar los linfocitos, incrementando la fagocitosis y la actividad de las células efectoras. También origina a partir de macrófagos y linfocitos la producción de factor de necrosis tumoral e interferones de actividad antitumoral y antiviral. Se utiliza en la profilaxis de IVRS y como coadyuvante en tratamientos quimioterápicos. Panax ginseng parece tener también una acción inmunoestimulante. Thuja orientalis, Aster spathulifolium y Pinus thunbergii incrementarían la resistencia a la infección vírica en las células del tracto respiratorio. Ensayos con extracto polifenólico de Punica granatum muestran una inhibición de la replicación del ARN viral, potenciando el efecto antiinfluenza de oseltamivir.

Parece existir evidencia, aunque limitada, de la eficacia de Pelargonium sidoides ante infecciones víricas de las vías respiratorias y sus complicaciones: rinosinusitis, faringitis, bronquitis, etc., debido a las propiedades antivirales, antibacterianas y mucolítico/expectorantes del extracto etanólico de su raíz. El mecanismo parece relacionarse con una modulación de la respuesta inmune no específica del huésped por estimulación en la liberación del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α), interferón β (INF-β) e interleucinas, y un incremento de la actividad de las células NK.

Iota-carragenina es un polímero de galactosa sulfato obtenido de algas rojas marinas de la familia Rhodophyceae que, administrado por vía nasal al 0,12%, forma una película protectora e hidratante sobre la mucosa que es eficaz frente a diversos virus (rinovirus humano, virus sincitial respiratorio, coronavirus, adenovirus, virus parainfluenza e influenza). Los ensayos in vitro e in vivo en humanos indican que esta barrera física interfiere en la adhesión de los virus del resfriado en las células de la mucosa nasal, disminuyendo la carga viral en más de un 90%. Ensayos clínicos recientes muestran que este mecanismo de acción puede ser de utilidad en la prevención de la infección viral y el contagio, así como en el alivio de los síntomas de gripe y resfriado.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS 4Probióticos, prebióticos y suplementos
Existe cierta evidencia (aunque inconsistente debido a la heterogeneidad en la metodología de los ensayos) sobre el papel de los probióticos en la prevención de las IVRS. En un metaanálisis que incluye 10 ensayos clínicos, se concluye que el número de participantes que sufrieron uno o más procesos de este tipo es menor que en los grupos placebo. En los dos ensayos de mejor calidad los microorganismos administrados eran Lactobacillus casei DN-114001 y Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG.

Algunos estudios (reflejados en varios metaanálisis) constataron que la administración oral o intranasal de diversas sales de zinc (gluconato, acetato o sulfato) reduce el número de episodios de resfriados en niños, y acorta la duración y reduce la severidad de los procesos respiratorios en adultos (aunque no en niños), en dosis que oscilan entre 4,5 y 23,7 mg. En los estudios se observaron algunos efectos adversos, como sabor desagradable y náuseas, y anosmia en la aplicación intranasal.

Se ha ensayado el uso de un espray bucal con glicerol y tripsina frente a placebo en la prevención y tratamiento del resfriado común en voluntarios sanos que fueron inoculados con rinovirus (46 individuos en el grupo tratado). Los resultados mostraron una reducción de la carga viral en la orofaringe y una disminución de la duración de los síntomas en las personas que los experimentaron.

Diversos estudios ponen de manifiesto el interés en ciertos hongos medicinales para la prevención o tratamiento de enfermedades comunes y recurrentes en la población infantil. Destacan las conclusiones sobre los extractos de Hericium erinaceus (melena de león) ricos en compuestos activos como las herinacinas, con demostrada actividad neurológica; o los betaglucanos, capaces de modificar la composición de la microbiota intestinal, entre otras funciones. Las alteraciones en la composición de la microbiota intestinal están relacionadas con el desarrollo de obesidad y trastornos metabólicos asociados, así como con la aparición de múltiples patologías. Igualmente, el desequilibrio en la microbiota intestinal puede contribuir a la aparición de varias desregulaciones metabólicas, lo que provoca inflamación en el intestino, el hígado o el cerebro, así como a procesos que regulan el metabolismo energético.

Los prebióticos (betaglucanos) presentes en los hongos medicinales como Hericium erinaceus pueden estimular el crecimiento de la microbiota beneficiosa en el mantenimiento de la salud. Además, estos prebióticos de origen fúngico pueden inhibir la proliferación de patógenos –al aumentar el crecimiento de bacterias probióticas en el intestino y modular el sistema inmunitario–, lo que representa una nueva estrategia de valor en la prevención de múltiples patologías.

El pequeño tamaño de las muestras, la no identificación en muchas ocasiones de los principios activos existentes en los extractos vegetales o fúngicos (falta de estandarización) y las diferencias metodológicas, con defectos en la selección y aleatorización de los individuos incluidos, son sesgos que afectan a muchos de los ensayos citados, que intentaban demostrar estas acciones preventivas o paliativas de los síntomas asociados a las IVRS. Creemos, por tanto, que se necesitan estudios más amplios, rigurosos y profundos para alcanzar resultados convincentes en un campo que apunta a interesantes beneficios para la salud de la población.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS tabla 3Vacunación (tabla 3)
La medida preventiva más importante en la actualidad sigue siendo la vacunación antigripal, especialmente entre la población con patologías que suponen un riesgo de sufrir complicaciones, aunque sólo es efectiva contra el virus influenza y no frente a los virus causantes del resfriado, ya que el amplio número de especies víricas implicadas impide en este caso confeccionar una vacuna eficaz.

Cada año la Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios recoge las normas que deben seguirse con respecto al cambio de cepas en las vacunas de la gripe para la campaña anual, siguiendo la última recomendación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) para la situación europea del año correspondiente. Para la campaña 2019-2020, la composición corresponde a las cepas de gripe que se supone afectarán a la población española en esta temporada: A/Brisbane/02/2018 (H1N1) pdm09, A/Kansas/14/2017 (H3N2) y B/Colorado/06/2017 (linaje B/Victoria/2/87).

Durante años, las vacunas contra la gripe se han formulado con una composición trivalente: dos virus de la gripe A (H1N1 y H3N2) y un virus de la gripe B, a elegir entre los dos linajes diferentes que existen de virus B, aunque ambos están en circulación durante la mayor parte de las temporadas. Las vacunas tetravalentes para esta temporada deberán incluir el virus B/Phuket/3073/2013 (linaje B/Yamagata/16/18). Al agregar otro virus B a la vacuna, se espera conseguir un mayor grado de protección contra los influenza-virus circulantes.

La vacunación es gratuita en los centros de salud, siempre que sea dentro del periodo de campaña de cada año, pero también se puede adquirir en las farmacias con receta médica. Deben vacunarse los mayores de 65 años, las personas con alto riesgo de sufrir complicaciones en caso de padecer gripe, y las personas en contacto con estos grupos de alto riesgo, ya que pueden transmitírsela: enfermedad crónica cardiovascular o pulmonar, diabéticos, enfermedad renal o hepática crónica, inmunodeprimidos, embarazadas, trabajadores de centros sanitarios o geriátricos, policías, bomberos, protección civil, etc.

Una vez administrada la vacuna, la protección eficaz comienza después de 7 o 10 días y dura hasta 6 meses, lo que hace necesario repetir anualmente la vacunación. Aunque la efectividad de la vacunación parece ser muy variable (25-80%), en función de la edad, el grado de inmunocompetencia y la coincidencia de los componentes de la vacuna con los virus de la temporada, todas las organizaciones e instituciones nacionales y supranacionales recomiendan su empleo.

El farmacéutico comunitario (además de vacunarse por pertenecer a un grupo de riesgo, al tratarse de un profesional sanitario en contacto con pacientes de riesgo a los que puede transmitirla) debe participar en campañas de difusión y promoción de la vacunación antigripal entre los usuarios de su farmacia.

Lamentablemente, en España la cobertura de vacunación es reducida: no llega al 50% en los grupos de riesgo. En la campaña pasada, de 2018-2019, se alcanzó el 56% en mayores de 65 años y sólo el 39,8% en médicos y enfermeros. Un porcentaje insuficiente, ya que la OMS recomienda que al menos el 75% de los incluidos en grupos de riesgo se vacunen frente a la cepa del virus de cada año.

Algunas Sociedades Científicas y Colegios de Farmacéuticos han ofrecido a las Autoridades Sanitarias estatales y a las comunidades autónomas la colaboración en las campañas anuales con la administración de las vacunas por parte de los farmacéuticos comunitarios en las farmacias españolas, como se hace con notable éxito en otros países, pero no se obtuvo una respuesta favorable.

La utilidad de la administración de la vacuna de la gripe estacional en las farmacias comunitarias (por parte de farmacéuticos acreditados y formados específicamente) viene avalada por los excelentes resultados obtenidos en muchos países de nuestro entorno: Canadá, Australia, Reino Unido, Irlanda, Dinamarca, Suiza, Francia, Portugal, etc., donde han conseguido elevar de manera notable la tasa de cobertura de vacunación.

Por otro lado, un reciente trabajo de nuestro grupo de investigación ha demostrado que la opinión de que la farmacia comunitaria debe ser un punto de administración de la vacuna antigripal es ampliamente mayoritaria entre los usuarios de la farmacia (85% de los encuestados) y también entre los propios farmacéuticos comunitarios, que en un 68% están dispuestos a recibir la formación adecuada y a realizar la administración de las vacunas antigripales en sus farmacias.

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Un buen comienzo de la vida para todos los bebés

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Un buen comienzo de la vida para todos los bebés
La leche materna es lo mejor para los bebés porque proporciona mucho más que sólo energía. Una multitud de moléculas de azúcar complejas protegen al bebé de infecciones, previenen alergias…

Además de proteínas, lípidos y lactosa, la leche materna contiene un gran número de moléculas de azúcar complejas conocidas como «oligosacáridos de la leche humana» (HMO, por sus siglas en inglés). La cantidad y la composición de los HMO cambian durante el periodo de lactancia y se adaptan a las necesidades del bebé. En la primera leche, el calostro, hay hasta 25 g/L; más tarde, el contenido disminuye aproximadamente a un quinto. Cada madre produce una mezcla individual de HMO, dependiendo de factores genéticos, de la alimentación, de condiciones ambientales y del estado de salud.

El esfuerzo al que se ve sometido el organismo materno para producir todos estos diferentes azúcares es inmenso, pero merece la pena. Los niños alimentados con leche materna padecen con menos frecuencia cólicos, diarreas e infecciones, y tienen un menor riesgo de desarrollar alergias, sobrepeso y diabetes durante toda su vida.

Componentes esenciales desde el principio
Estudios recientes muestran que ya durante el embarazo los HMO se forman en las glándulas mamarias, circulan por el cuerpo de la madre y pasan al líquido amniótico. Dado que el feto ingiere varios cientos de mililitros al día, los HMO desdoblan su efecto muy pronto1.

Para los bebés prematuros, la leche materna puede ser de interés vital. Contribuye al crecimiento y al desarrollo y protege contra las infecciones2,3. Las unidades de prematuros de los hospitales lo han reconocido y abogan cada vez más por la alimentación de los bebés con leche materna, ya sea de su propia madre o de los denominados bancos de leche, que ya existían a principios del siglo XX y que ahora se están creando o revitalizando cada vez en más hospitales4.

Flora intestinal sana
Dado que las enzimas humanas no pueden degradar los HMO, llegan prácticamente inalterados al intestino, donde sirven de sustrato a las bifidobacterias beneficiosas para la salud. Como productos de degradación se producen lactato y ácidos grasos de cadena corta, que a su vez promueven la colonización de más bacterias «beneficiosas» y tienen numerosas cualidades positivas, por ejemplo, para el sistema inmunológico. Este llamado «efecto prebiótico» constituye la base de una flora intestinal sana y previene así los cólicos y la diarrea.

Aproximadamente el 1% de los HMO se absorben en la sangre y entran en las mucosas de los pulmones y la vejiga, donde protegen contra las infecciones respiratorias y de la vía urinaria5. Puesto que los niños alimentados con leche materna son menos propensos a las enfermedades, necesitan menos antibióticos, lo que también estabiliza la flora intestinal.

Combatir las infecciones
No obstante, el efecto de los HMO va mucho más allá del desarrollo de la flora intestinal. De hecho, los HMO pueden combatir activamente las infecciones. Su estructura imita las moléculas de azúcar de la superficie celular, que las bacterias y los virus utilizan como «puntos de anclaje». De esta forma, los HMO interceptan los patógenos antes de que entren en las células y provoquen una infección. Además, hay indicios de que los HMO y sus productos de degradación estabilizan las células de la pared intestinal interna, lo cual les permite combatir mejor las infecciones. Los HMO también tienen un efecto antimicrobiano y pueden mejorar como terapia adyuvante el efecto de los antibióticos, por ejemplo, en la lucha contra los gérmenes multirresistentes6.

Debido a su diversidad y los diferentes mecanismos, los HMO ofrecen protección frente a una amplia gama de bacterias y virus. Protegen incluso de la temida enterocolitis necrotizante (ECN), una inflamación intestinal que suele afectar a bebés prematuros y que con frecuencia deriva en una sepsis mortal7.

46 EF581 NUTRICION BUEN COMIENZO 2Protección contra alergias y enfermedades autoinmunes
Aunque los mecanismos que conducen al desarrollo de las alergias alimentarias y de las enfermedades autoinmunes aún no son bien conocidos, está ampliamente aceptado que la leche materna protege contra estas reacciones exageradas del sistema inmunológico. En este sentido, se complementan los efectos positivos de una flora intestinal sana y un efecto adicional de los HMO: éstos influyen en las células y las moléculas de señalización de la respuesta inmunitaria, y favorecen un equilibrio saludable entre las reacciones de defensa y los efectos antiinflamatorios8. En ratones, los HMO reducen los síntomas de las alergias alimentarias, un efecto que posiblemente sea extrapolable a los seres humanos9.

Desarrollo neuronal sano
Los HMO complejos y sus componentes, como el ácido siálico y la L-fucosa, son elementos esenciales para el desarrollo y la conexión de las células nerviosas durante el desarrollo infantil temprano. Cuando no se forman, absorben o metabolizan ciertos azúcares poco comunes, como es el caso de determinadas enfermedades raras del metabolismo de los azúcares, se producen retrasos y trastornos muy graves en el desarrollo cognitivo y motor10. Los estudios epidemiológicos señalan que los niños alimentados con leche materna durante al menos tres meses desarrollan un cociente intelectual más alto y tienen una capacidad cognitiva y motora superior a la de los niños que no son alimentados con leche materna. Los estudios de RMN confirmaron estas observaciones mostrando una mayor proporción de sustancia blanca en los niños alimentados con leche materna11.

Producción biotecnológica de HMO
Hasta ahora se han identificado químicamente más de 150 compuestos lineales y ramificados diferentes de glucosa, galactosa, N-acetilglucosamina, fucosa y ácido siálico. Esta diversidad sólo puede encontrarse en los seres humanos: las leches de vaca, oveja o cabra sólo contienen unos pocos HMO diferentes en concentraciones significativamente más bajas. Puesto que la alimentación infantil se basa principalmente en productos lácteos de vaca, los niños no alimentados con leche materna a menudo reciben una cantidad insuficiente de estos azúcares complejos. Por lo tanto, los HMO de origen biotecnológico pueden ser un valioso complemento para la alimentación infantil.

Sin embargo, la gran complejidad de las moléculas ha supuesto un desafío para los científicos durante mucho tiempo. Hace tan sólo unos pocos años que se consiguieron establecer procesos biotecnológicos coste-efectivos para la producción de HMO a escala industrial. Se optimizaron los microorganismos autorizados para la producción de alimentos de tal forma que sintetizan los HMO complejos de la manera más eficiente posible a partir de materias primas de bajo coste y los liberan en el medio de cultivo circundante. Es necesario eliminar todas las impurezas para que los productos cumplan los estrictos criterios de calidad de la alimentación infantil. La optimización de los procesos de fabricación se suele llevar a cabo en primer lugar en condiciones de laboratorio, antes de que la capacidad de producción se incremente gradualmente hasta llegar a varias toneladas.

Desde hace poco se utilizan procedimientos industriales para los seis HMO más comunes de la leche materna: 2’-fucosil-lactosa (2’-FL), 3-fucosil-lactosa, 3’-sialil-lactosa, 6’-sialil-lactosa, lacto-N-tetraosa (LNT) y lacto-N-neotetraosa (LNnT). Dos de ellos, 2’-FL y LNnT, ya se han aprobado como complementos para la alimentación infantil en Europa y Estados Unidos. En la mayoría de las mujeres, constituyen la mayor proporción de HMO. Los estudios clínicos han demostrado que ambos azúcares tienen efectos beneficiosos para la salud5.

Para un buen comienzo en la vida
Los niños que no pueden ser alimentados con leche materna ya se están beneficiando de la suplementación de los dos HMO más comunes en la alimentación infantil. Mediante la síntesis y la aprobación de otros HMO se pretende acercar cada vez más la composición de la alimentación con fórmula al ideal de la leche materna. De esta forma, la producción biotecnológica de los HMO brinda nuevas posibilidades para un buen comienzo de la vida.

Bibliografía
Gutiérrez B. Macht’s die Muttermilch? Transkript. 2019 (última consulta: 11/10/2019). Disponible en: https://transkript.de/news/machts-die-muttermilch.html
Gidrewicz DA, Fenton TR. A systematic review and metaanalysis of the nutrient content of preterm and term breast milk. BMC Pediatr. 2014; 14: 216.
Mosca F, Gianni ML. Human milk: composition and health benefits. La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica. 2017; 39: 155.
Homburger Uniklinik will Muttermilchbank für Frühgeborene aufbauen. Die Rheinpfalz. 2019 (última consulta: 11/10/2019). Disponible en: https://www.rheinpfalz.de/lokal/kusel/artikel/homburger-uniklinik-will-muttermilchbank-fuer-fruehgeborene-aufbauen/
Bode L. Human milk oligosaccharides: Every baby needs a sugar mama. Glycobiology. 2012; 22(9): 1.147-1.162.
Craft KM, Thomas HC, Townsend SD. Sialylated variants of lacto-N-tetraose exhibit antimicrobial activity against Group B Streptococcus. Org Biomol Chem. 2019; 17(7): 1.893-1.900.
Good M, Sodhi CP, Yamaguchi Y, Jia H, Lu P, Fulton WB, et al. The human milk oligosaccharide 2’-fucosyllactose attenuates the severity of experimental necrotising enterocolitis by enhancing mesenteric perfusion in the neonatal intestine. Br J Nutr. 2016; 116(7): 1.175-1.187.
Hüther-Franken C. Sugars from human milk-A secret weapon against allergies. New Food Magazine (última consulta: 12/9/2019). Disponible en: https://www.newfoodmagazine.com/article/82714/sugars-from-human-milk-a-secret-weapon-against-allergies/
Castillo-Courtade L, Han S, Lee S, Mian FM, Buck R, Forsythe P. Attenuation of food allergy symptoms following treatment with human milk oligosaccharides in a mouse model. Allergy. 2015; 70(9): 1.091-1.102.
National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) (última consulta: 24/4/2019). Disponible en: https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/congenital-disorders-of-glycosylation/
Deoni SC, Dean DC, Piryatinsky I, O’Muircheartaigh J, Waskiewicz N, Lehman K, et al. Breastfeeding and early white matter development: A cross-sectional study. Neuroimage. 2013; (82): 77-86.


          

Ives Gandra e a “pena de morte” a sindicatos e à FUP. - Editor - DIFÍCIL ENTENDER A PENALIZAÇÃO DAS ENTIDADES, QUE LUTAM PELA SOBERANIA DA EMPRESA. LUTAM PELA MANUTENÇÃO DOS SEUS POSTOS DE TRABALHO. LUTAM PELA MELHORIA DA QUALIDADE DE VIDA DOS TRABALHADORES EM GERAL. LUTAM CONTRA O ENTREGUISMO DE NOSSO PRÉ-SAL.

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Ives Gandra e a “pena de morte” a sindicatos e à FUP



Marcelo Auler
A legislação brasileira jamais admitiu a pena de morte. Só a aceita em casos de guerra. Apesar disso, através de uma decisão monocrática, o ministro do Tribunal Superior do Trabalho (TST), Ives Gandra da Silva Martins Filho, provocado pela Petrobras, deu decisão que praticamente condena à morte nove sindicatos e a própria Federação Única dos Petroleiros (FUP). A título de multa, determinou que essas entidades recolham judicialmente a bagatela de R$ 32 milhões.
A punição é decorrente de os trabalhadores, após cumpridas todas as exigências legais, terem exercido, nos dias 25 e 26, o direito constitucional de greve, na disputa que travam com a empresa pelo pleno cumprimento do Acordo Coletivo de Trabalho. Gandra Martins Filho rejeita a legalidade da greve poucos dias depois de assinado o Acordo. Os petroleiros alegam que artigos do ACT não estão ameaçados por conta da política de privatização imposta pelo governo de Jair Bolsonaro. Governo eleito com o apoio de Gandra Martins Filho, como noticiou Denise Rothenburg. no Correio Braziliense, em 27 de outubro de 2018.
Além de punir pela greve, o ministro exorbitou no valor da multa: R$ 2 milhões por dia de paralisação cobrado de cada um dos nove sindicatos filiados à FUP (Norte Fluminense, AM, SP, CE/PI, RN, BA, PE/PB, PR.RS) e da própria Federação. Exorbitou, ainda, na forma da cobrança. Sem oferecer prazo para que o dinheiro fosse pago, mandou bloquear R$ 5,826 milhões encontrados em 26 contas bancárias dessas mesmas entidades, transferindo esse valor para uma conta judicial.
Como ainda faltam R$ 26,171 milhões para atingir o total da multa aplicada, Gandra Martins Filho mandou a estatal repassar direto para a conta judicial as mensalidades dos sindicatos descontadas tradicionalmente nos contracheques de seus empregados sindicalizados.
Portanto, não bastasse ter raspado todo o caixa dessas dez entidades, o ministro ainda determinou o bloqueio das futuras receitas. Algo que, no entendimento de alguns operadores do direito ouvidos pelo Blog, é ilegal. Seja como for, sem dúvida comprometerá a sobrevida das entidades sindicais.
Em decisão do dia 27, Gandra Martins Filho autorizou a Petrobras e bloquear os descontos que faz dos empregados para os sindicatos.
Essa medida acarreta na prática a extinção da atividade desses sindicatos (morte no sentido figurado) e a Constituição Federal assegura a liberdade de atividade sindical (em sentido figurado, a vida)“, concorda um desembargador aposentado do TRT.
A ação pedindo Tutela Cautelar Antecedente no TST diante da promessa da greve,  contra a greve (TutCautAnt – 1000961-35.2019.5.00.0000) foi impetrada pela Petrobras na sexta-feira, 22 de novembro, contra 13 sindicatos e a FUP. Por sorteio, foi distribuída ao ministro Caputo Bastos, que por questões pessoais já se disse impedido de julgar causas da estatal. Na redistribuição, parou nas mãos de Gandra Martins Filho. Na mesma sexta-feira ele despachou estipulando a exorbitante multa.
Na decisão expôs que “a greve não é um direito absoluto, estando sujeito aos limites da lei (CF, art. 9º, §§ 1º e 2º), a qual considera abusivo seu exercício após a assinatura de acordo coletivo de trabalho (Lei 7. 783/89), salvo se houver descumprimento de cláusula do acordo (art. 14, parágrafo único, I), o que, como visto, é impossível de ter ocorrido, em tão curto espaço de tempo em relação a cláusula de caráter programático (10 dias após a assinatura do acordo).”
No domingo (24/11), os petroleiros ingressaram com um Agravo, junto ao próprio relator do processo. No Agravo, alegaram que “as cláusulas tidas por descumpridas (41, 73 e 86) já constavam de acordos anteriores, e o descumprimento vem de antes do acordo, tendo a Autora induzido em erro este juízo, ao não reconhecer tal fato”.  As entidades sindicais destacaram ainda que como anunciaram com antecedência, o movimento não envolve o risco de abastecimento alegado pela companhia junto ao Tribunal, tal como ressaltado no Informativo da FUP.
O relator do processo recusou-se a rever sua decisão. Com isto o Agravo terá que ser julgado no plenário da Seção de Dissídio Coletivo do TST, mas por conta do recesso de final de ano, isso só acontecerá em 2020.  Depois, caberá recurso ao próprio plenário do TST e, por fim ao Supremo Tribunal Federal.
Por conta do bloqueio das contas, feito sem que o prazo de dez dias fosse dado aos réus para o recolhimento do dinheiro, a FUP, na terça-feira (26/11), ingressou com Mandado de Segurança questionando a penhora do dinheiro.
O MS 1000982-11.2019.5.00.0000 foi equivocadamente distribuído para a própria Autoridade Coatora, ré no caso, ministro Ives. Redistribuído, foi para o ministro Agra Belmonte. Como não houve liminar, sua apreciação dependerá ainda das informações a serem prestadas pelo próprio Gandra Martins Filho. O prazo é de cinco dias, o que dificultará que o caso seja apreciado no Órgão Especial do TST antes do recesso de final de ano.
Ou seja, é longo o caminho a ser percorrido sem que estas entidades tenham recursos em caixa e ainda estando com suas receitas confiscadas. Caso nenhuma outra medida seja tomada, as entidades serão inviabilizadas financeiramente. Algo a ser comemorado pela equipe do governo de Bolsonaro que não quer negociar com sindicatos, menos ainda os mais combativos.
Gandra Martins Filho foi declarado
Gandra Martins Filho foi declarado “persona non grata” pela Associação Nacional dos Magistrados do Trabalho – Anamatra (foto: TST)
Gandra Martins Filho é um homem conservador, católico tradicional, membro da organização de direita Opus Dei. Na presidência do TST, ocupada até fevereiro de 2018, esforçou-se pela aprovação da chamada Reforma Trabalhista de Michel Temer que, reconhecidamente tolheu direitos trabalhistas. em maio do ano passado, chegou a dizer que “se esses magistrados continuarem se opondo à modernização das leis trabalhistas, eu temo pela Justiça do Trabalho. De hoje para amanhã, podem acabar com [a Justiça do Trabalho]”.
Em consequência desta afirmação e da defesa que fez das Reforma Trabalhista, durante o XIX Congresso Nacional dos Magistrados da Justiça do Trabalho (XIX CONAMAT), no último sábado (4/5), o ex-presidente do Tribunal Superior do Trabalho (TST) Ives Gandra Martins Filho foi declarado persona non grata à magistratura trabalhista.
Por tal perfil, as posições dele não surpreendem a muitos. Posição, por sinal, manifestada pela juíza Valdete Souto Severo, presidente da Associação de Juízes pela Democracia (AJD). Para ela, a decisão de Gandra Martins Filho não causa espanto, “por não ser a primeira vez que ele se manifesta de forma contrária a direitos trabalhistas. Ele foi um dos idealizadores e participou de grupos de trabalho para a reforma trabalhista, então não é de espantar. Mas é preciso que se denuncie isso porque vai ficar muito difícil sair defendendo uma estrutura de Poder Judiciário se aqueles que à compõem não compreendem a razão histórica da sua existência. A Justiça do trabalho só existe para dar efetividade aos direitos trabalhistas”. Prosseguindo, ela alerta:
O fato de o Poder Judiciário Trabalhista, em um momento como este, investir contra os sindicatos, não apenas impedindo ou tentando impedir o exercício da greve, mas também aplicando multas que, sem dúvida nenhuma inviabilizam a atividade sindical, demonstra que a gente, na verdade, tem um quadro muito mais grave e profundo do que, a princípio, pode parecer“.
Ainda dela a advertência:
É importante que se diga que esses direitos trabalhistas são condição, inclusive, para que a sociedade capitalista siga existindo. Porque, se retira-se direitos trabalhistas e as pessoas não conseguem mais reivindicar através da greve e sobreviver através do salário, não se tem sociedade…. não há como subsistir em uma sociedade capitalista que depende diretamente de pessoas que têm um mínimo de dignidade na vida e que consigam viver e consumir, sobretudo, com tranquilidade. Então a AJD é absolutamente crítica a qualquer ato judicial ou legislativo que fragilize ou suprima o direito fundamental de greve no Brasil“.
O mesmo desembargador aposentado que admitiu acima que a decisão é sentença de morte aos sindicatos, concorda com a queixa da FUP pela falta de prazo para o recolhimento da multa e vê na medida um abuso de poder:
Do ponto de vista da ameaça de multa é abuso de poder por via judicial. A jurisprudência e a lei sempre foram contra multas excessivas. Mais recentemente limitou-se a multa em condomínios. No Tribunal de Justiça do Rio não se admite multa maior que o valor do principal. O bloqueio cautelar só se justifica ante fundado receio de não pagamento. O que só ocorreria se não feito depósito no prazo a ser intimado aos sindicatos“.
Também sob a promessa de OFF, ou seja, sem ser identificada, uma juíza do trabalho aposentada vê que a decisão não cumpre o princípio básico do Judiciário, que é o de solucionar conflitos:
A decisão judicial, em vez de compor conflitos, vai acirrá-los. Aplica-se a lei friamente, sem pensar nas questões paralelas. Do ponto de vista principiológico, o juiz, mesmo correndo o risco de ser acusado de omissão, deve fazer valer o dever principal da Justiça de compor conflito. Não é razoável uma multa que feche o sindicato”.
Vem dela a comparação com a pena de morte do sindicato em um momento em que o país assiste ressurgirem métodos tipicamente fascistas:
É como se você concebesse no ordenamento jurídico a pena de morte. O ordenamento jurídico brasileiro não comporta a pena de morte e isto é uma pena de morte para os sindicatos. A União e a sociedade têm interesse em pacificar o conflito, não destruir os sindicatos. Só que hoje temos um dado novo, o fascismo
Ela recorda-se de um caso ocorrido no Espírito Santo que, também em uma negociação da Petrobras com sindicatos, houve decisão superior para se reter dinheiro dos sindicatos. O magistrado de piso primeiro fez uma série de questionamento ao autor da decisão, tentando ganhar tempo. Depois, em um acordo entre empresa e sindicato, o dinheiro foi liberado.
A FUP tem consciência de que apenas medidas jurídicas podem não solucionar o problema. Será preciso uma reação também política, uma vez que a intenção do ministro relator atende ao governo que ele ajudou a eleger:
Multas para forçar o cumprimento de uma ordem judicial são comuns, mas devem guardar razoabilidade com o patrimônio de quem é executado. O valor da multa deixa claro que o objetivo do relator bolsonarista é destruir os sindicatos. Não apenas os forçar a não fazer greve. Por isso, a reação tem que ser jurídica, mas também política“, explica a fonte ao Blog.


Aos leitores e seguidores do Blog – A manutenção e o sustento deste Blog, que se dispõe a reportagens maiores e exclusivas, dependem exclusivamente das contribuições de seus leitores/seguidores. Com essas contribuições é que enfrentamos despesas com processos que nos movem (ao todo, seis), bem como nossos investimentos em viagens. Nosso trabalho depende delas, em qualquer valor, em qualquer periodicidade. Para ajudar ao Blog e apoiar nosso trabalho, utilize a conta bancária exposta no quadro ao lado.
O Blog aderiu ao Jornalistas Pela DemocraciaEntenda o que é e como funciona
https://marceloauler.com.br/ives-gandra-e-a-pena-de-morte-a-sindicatos-e-a-fup/https://marceloauler.com.br/ives-gandra-e-a-pena-de-morte-a-sindicatos-e-a-fup/
          

Study: My Understanding of

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How Massage Oil is Beckoning the Way of Remaining Strong People need to use the gift of nature to the fullest so that they can keep fit and fine with the care of nature. Such types of beliefs acted as a catalyst in founding health benefits. The secret of being well has been rediscovered here. […]
          

KYK borç ertelemesi nasıl yapılır?

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KYK borçlarını ödeyemeyen milyonlarca vatandaşı umutlandıran haber Berat Albayrak'tan geldi. Hazine ve Maliye Bakanı öğrencilik döneminde KYK kredisi kullanan ancak geri ödemede zorluk çekenler için konuyla ilgili çalışma yapıldığını açıkladı. Peki, KYK borçları silinecek mi?


          

How Insecure Attachment Predisposes Us to Anger Arousal

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Anger arousal stems from a perceived threat: to our emotional or physical well-being; to our resources, such as our time, energy, things, and wealth; or to our loved ones. An important aspect of this ...
          

Joint Stamp Issues

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Winter is approaching and at some point, I will likely rediscover my stamps collection and either acquire some new stamps or improve the organization of those I already own.  I certainly do not think I need another idea for a new collection, but if I did I believe I might look at the idea of […]
          

Allerta meteo rossa

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Dal tardo pomeriggio di ieri, sul territorio ligure sono state predisposte le procedure di protezione civile previste per far fronte all'allerta in corso. Sulla regione insistono condizioni di maltempo che stanno mettendo a dura prova i suoli ormai saturi dopo settimane di piogge continue.
I consigli alla cittadinanza sono come sempre di adottare tutte le opportune misure di autoprotezione.
È necessario anche stimolare ciascuno ad avere comportamenti pro attivi di prevenzione, con piccole azioni quotidiane, come avere cura degli scarichi prossimi alle proprie abitazioni e non trascurarne l'importanza senza doversi trovare a pensarci solo nel momento dell'emergenza.
Molte piccole azioni sono certamente alla portata di tutti, altre situazioni vanno opportunamente segnalate agli enti preposti. In queste circostanze quello che occorre sono la sensibilità, l'attenzione ed il senso civico di ciascuno.
Sul territorio sono dispiegati decine di Volontari che attualmente stanno operando su attivazioni locali.
Altri sono pronti, per i prossimi cambi turno e per eventuali attivazioni della Colonna Mobile Regionale che al momento impegna esclusivamente un buon numero di operatori volontari nelle diverse Sale Operative per la copertura delle Funzioni Volontariato e Telecomunicazioni.
Gli occhi sono puntati sugli schermi in attesa di conoscere la prossima evoluzione delle previsioni meteorologiche.
Mancano ancora molte ore al termine dell'emergenza e c'è già molto lavoro da fare.

Volontari del Coordinamento con operai comunali operano in emergenza per il contenimento del cedimento di un muro nei pressi di un rivo che prosegue il suo corso tombinato al fine di scongiurare un blocco del regolare deflusso delle acque.

Le informazioni e le immagini possono essere riprodotte indicando la fonte
"Coordinamento Volontari Protezione Civile Provincia di Genova"


          

A BOOKSHOP IN BERLIN : The Rediscovered Memoir of One Woman's Harrowing Escape f

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    ISBN: 9781797105215
    Author: Frenkel, Franoise/ Modiano, Patrick (FRW)/ Bond, Jilly (NRT)



          

La función My Video Mix llega a Tidal: los vídeos que vemos se adaptan a nuestro estado de ánimo y rutinas de escucha

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La función My Video Mix llega a Tidal: los vídeos que vemos se adaptan a nuestro estado de ánimo y rutinas de escucha

En pleno Cyber Monday, Tidal quiere aprovechar el impulso en lo que a compras se refiere para poner en primer plano su aplicación y lo hace anunciando el lanzamiento de una nueva herramienta para descubrir vídeos musicales: My Video Mix.

Hace unos días vimos como anunciaban la integración con Waze o con Snapchat en una función que estuvimos probando y ahora dan un giro de tuerca al añadir esta opción enfocada para aquellos que consumen vídeos en la popular plataforma de streaming.

Apuesta por el vídeo

Tidal

Recordar que a diferencia de propuestas como Spotify, Tidal cuenta con una exclusiva funcionalidad como es el acceso a una biblioteca de vídeos musicales. Un total de 207.000 vídeos musicales en HD entre los que figura contenido exclusivo de Rihanna, Beyoncé o Kanye West.

Con la nueva función My Video Mix, los suscriptores pueden tener hasta ocho playlists de vídeo diferentes que se adaptan a cada estado de ánimo y momento, dependiendo de su actividad de streaming de audio y vídeo. Para un mejor resultado, cada mezcla se agrupa en función del tipo de artista y de música (con géneros y popularidad basados en otros usuarios). Cuanto más se utilice Tidal, más rápido se actualizará su contenido. Las nuevas interacciones de las mezclas de video se pueden guardar y hacer disponibles sin conexión para escucharlas cuando se desee como una playlist de video en la pestaña "Mi música".

Con esta mejora, la interfaz de la aplicación ha sido rediseñada incluyendo una pestaña de "Vídeos" para destacar y acceder directamente al catálogo de vídeos de Tidal. Esta función ofrece acceso a unas playlists generadas a través de un algoritmo propio en el que influyen el equipo de expertos de Tidal y los hábitos de los usuarios, incluyendo el comportamiento en lo que a escucha de audio se refiere.

Hay que recordar que Tidal es una plataforma que destaca por la calidad del audio que ofrece. Hay cuatro modos, "Normal", "Alta", "Hi-Fi" y "Master". La calidad Hi-Fi, que era el reclamo para muchos, lograba ofrecer audio con calidad CD, es decir, a 44.1 kHz, 16 bits y bitrate de 1411 kbps, mejorando mucho lo que ofrece Spotify.

De forma paralela y ahora que ha pasado la fiebre del Black Friday y aprovechando la llegada del Ciber Monday, el lunes frenético que busca que no se nos escapen las compras que pueden haber pasado por alto en la semana anterior, Tidal ofrece una oferta para nuevos suscriptores de forma que desde el 25 de noviembre y hasta el 3 de diciembre, los nuevos clientes podrán disfrutar de cuatro meses de Tidal por 0,99 euros para suscripciones Premium y 1,99 euros para cuentas HiFi

También te recomendamos

Siguiendo estos pasos puedes exportar canciones, discos y listas totalmente gratis entre aplicaciones de música en streaming

Si te gusta el audio en Hi-Res de Tidal, ahora también puedes acceder desde los dispositivos Roku compatibles

Tidal mejora la información que ofrece la plataforma: crecen los datos sobre los creadores de nuestras canciones favoritas

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La noticia La función My Video Mix llega a Tidal: los vídeos que vemos se adaptan a nuestro estado de ánimo y rutinas de escucha fue publicada originalmente en Xataka Smart Home por Jose Antonio .


          

Vital Gospel Truths Rediscovered

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Umělý sníh vodě v Krkonoších neškodí, shrnul hydrolog dvouletý výzkum

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Vliv technického zasněžování na vodní toky v Krkonošském národním parku se přeceňuje, tvrdí nová studie hydrologa Pavla Tremla z Výzkumného ústavu vodohospodářského T. G. Masaryka. Oponují mu ochranáři, kteří se opírají o studie z jiných hor. Podle nich je vliv zasněžování na přírodu neoddiskutovatelný.
          

IT / Software / Systems: Full Stack Software Developer III - San Diego, California

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RESPONSIBILITIES:Kforce has a client in search of a Full Stack Software Developer III in San Diego, California. (CA) Essential Duties: Work closely with product and development teams to create an amazing user experience. Build integration and unit tests along with code. Work in agile development environment with shirt sprints and standups. Implement proof of concept, prototypes and production-grade software. Maintain and support existing software and hardware systems, infrastructure and production. Assist support staff and team members in trouble-shooting software issues and implementing bug fixes. Takes ownership of the code base. Work to continually improve code quality, and get bugs fixed and deployed rapidly REQUIREMENTS: Experience in or knowledge of Python, Celery, Go, Elasticsearch, PostgreSQL, SaltStack, Flask, Git, React, Elixir Deep understanding and knowledge of virtualization (libvirt, KVM, Xenserver) Excellent communication and interpersonal skills Strong programming skills including software engineering methodologies and best practices REST/API development Strong experience with Python or other scripting languages Experience working in a Linux development environment Strong experience with relational databases, and specifically MySQL, Elasticsearch, Redis Excellent HTML, CSS and JavaScript skills Experience in consuming RESTful APIs Skills: API CSS DATABASES ELASTICSEARCH FLASK Kforce is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, age, protected veteran status, or disability status. ()
          

Michigan takes another step toward addressing gerrymandering

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It looks as though we’ve just taken another big step toward addressing gerrymandering in the state of Michigan today, as U.S. District Court Judge Janet T. Neff thew out the case by the Michigan Republican Party to block the nonpartisan redistricting ballot initiative passed overwhelmingly by Michigan voters. 61% of the voters in Michigan voted […]
          

VERONA DEDICA A MOZART UNA SETTIMANA DI EVENTI NELL’ANNIVERSARIO DEI 250 ANNI DALLA VISITA ALLA CITTÀ

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VERONA DEDICA A MOZART UNA SETTIMANA DI EVENTI NELL’ANNIVERSARIO DEI 250 ANNI DALLA VISITA ALLA CITTÀlogo_Mozart_a_VR_250_dark_ITA
Descrizione: Immagine
Descrizione: Immagine
Descrizione: Immagine

 

Verona si veste a festa per celebrare i 250 anni della visita di Mozart nella nostra città attraverso una serie di iniziative nate dalla collaborazione tra Comune di Verona, Fondazione Cariverona, Accademia Filarmonica di Verona e Fondazione Arena.

È noto che per gli Artisti e i letterati del Settecento il viaggio in Italia fosse di primaria importanza poiché il nostro Paese era una fucina culturale di inestimabile valore e Verona costituiva, all’interno delle rotte dei viaggiatori, una delle tappe fondamentali. Ed è proprio a Verona che il giovane Mozart approda con il padre il 27 dicembre 1769 nel primo dei tre viaggi in Italia; i due entreranno in contatto con l’élite culturale della città e la visita culminerà il 5 gennaio 1770 con l’esibizione del giovane Mozart, non ancora quattordicenne, nella prestigiosa Sala Maffeiana ospite dell’Accademia Filarmonica.

Comune di Verona, Fondazione Cariverona, Accademia Filarmonica di Verona e Fondazione Arena nell’anniversario dei 250 anni da quest’importante visita rendono omaggio al genio di Mozart attraverso alcuni concerti in sedi prestigiose e con una preziosa mostra presso la Biblioteca Civica, nell’ottica di una collaborazione che intende proseguire in futuro con altri progetti congiunti, con l’obiettivo di mettere in rete risorse e competenze delle diverse Istituzioni a servizio dello sviluppo culturale ed economico della città. Per l’occasione è stato creato un logo apposito che accompagna le differenti iniziative proposte per la ricorrenza.

Fondazione Cariverona propone un primo concerto il 5 gennaio alle 18.30 ospitato dall’Accademia Filarmonica nella cornice della Sala Maffeiana, con il soprano Britta Schwarz accompagnato da George Kallwit al violino, Francesco Galligoni al violoncello e Christine Schornsheim al fortepiano. Per il concerto della giornata inaugurale, il Comune di Verona ha predisposto un maxischermo in piazza Bra per trasmettere in diretta l'esecuzione e condividerla con tutta la cittadinanza.


          

Where'd You Go Bernadette

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AVAILABLE NOW!

RATED PG

108 minutes


My review for the book.

Based on the runaway bestseller, Where'd You Go, Bernadette is an inspiring comedy about Bernadette Fox "Academy Award winner Cate Blanchett", a loving mom who becomes compelled to reconnect with her creative passions after years of sacrificing herself for her family. Bernadette's leap of faith takes her on an epic adventure that jump-starts her life and leads to her triumphant rediscovery.



REVIEW:
What a great movie!
The hubby and I sat to watch this, I was hopeful, having read the book. He was oblivious.
Throughout the movie, the hubby was ready to bale. I told him to stay, you need to watch to the end. If it was anything like the book, the story really comes together at the end. So he stuck with it, and at the end said it was a great film. That , to me, shows the brilliance of this film.
This movie has a powerful message, not to judge a book by its cover. That is the take away from it.
A great movie for date night or any night.
Though the book was still better. It was funnier, the movie was more drama.


4/5




**Compensation may be earned from the link within. A screener was provided to facilitate this review. Opinions are owned by Freda's Voice.

          

MARTANI SUPERBIKE MTB RACE 2019

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Logistica e Servizi pre e post gara “Probabilmente” farà caldo 😁😁, quindi sono stati predisposti 5 ristori in gara di cui 4 nei primi 32 km di percoro dove ci sono le salite più impegnative, 1 nella seconda parte di gara dopo il G.P.M., quando si scende verso la parte finale (km 39) poi il […]
          

Pekný 3i byt,loggia,rekonšt., dog friendly,Mamateyová ulica,Petržalka

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Cena: 550 EUR/mesiac
Ponúkame na prenájom pekný kompletne zariadený 3-izbový byt po kompletnej rekonštrukcii s kompletne zariadenou kuchynskou linkou na mieru a zasklenou loggiou vo vyhľadávanej lokalite na Mamateyovej ulici oproti Ekonomickej univerzite v mestskej časti Petržalka - Ovsište. Podlahová plocha bytu predstavuje 68 m2 + loggia 4 m2. Byt je v osobnom vlastníctve. Byt sa nachádza na 10. poschodí v 12 - poschodovej bytovej jednotke s výťahom. V okolí kompletná občianska vybavenosť a bezproblémový prístup do centra mesta. Byt sa prenajíma kompletne zariadený s kuchynskou linkou na mieru s plynovým sporákom, elektrickou rúrou na pečenie, s voľne stojacou chladničkou s mrazničkou, mikrovlnnou rúrou, práčkou, s kompletným vybavením kuchyne, s barovým jedálenským stolom a šatníkovou skriňou na mieru na chodbe. V byte sa nachádzajú dve nepriechodné izby a obývačka. Spálne sú vybavené posteľami. V obývacia izba je vybavená sedacou súpravou, konferenčným stolíkom a obývačkovým nábytkom na mieru a TV. Kúpeľňa je oddelená od toalety. V kúpeľni je vaňa, umývadlo, skrinka na mieru a zrkadlo. Dispozičné riešenie bytu: chodba, kuchyňa, obývačka, 2 x nepriechodná izba, kúpeľňa a toaleta. Bytový dom sa nachádza vo veľmi peknej a tichej lokalite s úplnou občianskou vybavenosťou. Pri bytovej jednotke sa nachádza zdravotné stredisko, lekáreň, cukráreň, obchod s potravinami Samoška, Kaufland, Lidl, fitko, plaváreň, škôlky, školy, detské ihriská, tenisové kurty, bowling. Pri bytovej jednotke možnosť napojiť sa na cyklotrasu a s možnosťou prejsť na pešo do mesta. Byt je vhodný pre max.3 osoby. Byt je voľný okamžite. Mesačný prenájom predstavuje 550€ + 150 € energie vrátane poplatkov za TV a internet. ( v prípade záujmu 2 osôb je možná dohoda ohľadom ceny). Kontakt: 0948 902 505 Email: kiss@primereality.sk
          

Puglia, più sostegno alla clown terapia

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Leccesette
In Consiglio Regionale è passato un emendamento all’assestamento di bilancio per destinare un cifra simbolica alla clown terapia. Si tratta di un gesto di attenzione verso i volontari che portano avanti una disciplina “in grado di studiare e applicare l’effetto benefico del ridere e delle emozioni positive, riuscendo così a migliorare le aspettative e le motivazioni dei pazienti e del personale che li cura”. Nei reparti pediatrici i “dispensatori di sorrisi” sono importanti e le istituzioni stanno cercando di agevolare il lavoro delle associazioni con piccoli contributi. La terapia del sorriso si sta affermando con l’affermarsi dell’umanizzazione della medicina anche nel Salento, non senza resistenze. L’applicazione di tecniche di clownerie negli ospedali e nei presidi sanitari, allo scopo di migliorare l'umore dei pazienti, familiari e accompagnatori migliora la predisposizione a guarire. I benefici sul piano psicofisico, soprattutto per i piccoli pazienti, sono tanti. Le tecniche utilizzate sono quelle del circo e del teatro da strada: la clownterapia è una vera e propria arte portata avanti da “missionari della gioia”. C’è uno studio da fare, una formazione e un percorso prima di diventare volontari della clownterapia. I primi clown dottori sono nati intorno agli anni ‘80. Si narra che nel 1979 il giornalista Norman Cousins abbia cercato sollievo dai dolori inferti da una grave malattia attraverso il buon umore e delle potenzialità antinfiammatorie della vitamina C. Unì diverse ore di film comici e 25 grammi al giorno di vitamina C e migliorò. Chi fece nascere ufficialmente la clownterapia, però, fu Patch Adams, che puntò sull’allegria e serenità da donare ai bambini ricoverati negli ospedali: amore e sorrisi divennero indispensabili al miglioramento della medicina. Il motto su cui si basa questa terapia è chiaro: “Quando si cura la malattia si può vincere o perdere, quando si cura la persona si vince sempre!”. Sono diverse le associazioni di clownterapia anche in Puglia e, dopo anni di attività negli ospedali, le istituzioni provano a sostenerle. Medici, addetti ai lavori e operatori sanitari spendono tante ore al servizio di bambini e famiglie: la loro opera è utilissima in ambienti ospedalieri, lontani dalla propria casa e dal proprio rifugio familiare.  LA DECISIONE DEL CONSIGLIO REGIONALE DELLA PUGLIA Il Consiglio regionale della Puglia, nei giorni scorsi, ha voluto dare un segnale di attenzione alle associazioni che si occupano della “terapia del sorriso”. È passato all’unanimità un emendamento per il sostegno dei volontari. “La clowterapia è un trattamento umanizzante che sostiene e integra le cure erogate dalle strutture sanitarie - ha spiegato Nino Marmo nella sua relazione a favore del sostegno della clownterapia - Per questo, ringrazio i colleghi consiglieri per aver approvato l’emendamento all’assestamento di bilancio che ho proposto per destinare 20mila euro per tale attività. Non solo: nell’emendamento, ora parte integrante del provvedimento, si stabilisce la pubblicazione annuale di un bando rivolto alle associazioni di volontariato che svolgono la clowterapia. Si tratta di un gesto di attenzione e sensibilità per alleviare il percorso di cura dei più piccoli. Spero che la riformulazione non trovi ulteriori ostacoli, all’epoca legittimamente sollevati dalla Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri. L’eccezione, infatti, fu sollevata perché si istituivano nuovi profili professionali che non erano di competenza regionale. Sarò soddisfatto se non si verificheranno altri intoppi e, soprattutto, se la Giunta Regionale sarà celere nell’adottare la delibera che disciplina le attività di clownterapia”. L’emendamento è passato, ma c’é ancora molto da fare per sostenere queste attività in tutti i presidi sanitari pediatrici della Puglia.  Gaetano Gorgoni
          

Pekný 3i byt, loggia, rekonštrukcia, Rovniankova ulica, Petržalka

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Cena: 550 EUR/mesiac
Ponúkame na prenájom pekný čiastočne zariadený 3-izbový byt po kompletnej rekonštrukcii s kompletne zariadenou kuchynskou linkou na mieru a loggiou v tichej lokalite na Rovniankovej ulici v mestskej časti Petržalka. Podlahová plocha bytu predstavuje 68 m2 + loggia 4 m2. Byt je v osobnom vlastníctve. Byt sa nachádza na 5. poschodí v 12 - poschodovej bytovej jednotke s 2 výťahmi. V okolí kompletná občianska vybavenosť a bezproblémový prístup do centra mesta. Byt sa prenajíma kompletne zariadený s kuchynskou linkou na mieru s plynovým sporákom, elektrickou rúrou na pečenie, so zabudovanou chladničkou s mrazničkou, umývačkou riadu, práčkou, s kompletným vybavením kuchyne, s jedálenským stolom, posteľou a šatníkovou skriňou v spálni. V byte sa nachádzajú dve nepriechodné izby a obývačka. Spálňa je vybavená šatníkovou skriňou a posteľou. V obývacia izba je vybavená rozkladacou sedacou súpravou, konferenčným stolíkom a obývačkovým nábytkom na mieru a TV. Kúpeľňa je oddelená od toalety. V kúpeľni je rohová vaňa, umývadlo, skrinka na mieru a zrkadlo. Možnosť dozariadenia nábytkom podlá požiadavky nájomníka. Dispozičné riešenie bytu: chodba, kuchyňa spojená s obývačkou, 2 krát nepriechodná spálňa s prístupom na loggiu, kúpeľňa a toaleta. Bytový dom sa nachádza vo veľmi peknej a tichej lokalite s úplnou občianskou vybavenosťou. Pri bytovej jednotke sa nachádza zdravotné stredisko, lekáreň, cukráreň, obchod s potravinami Samoška, Kaufland, Lidl, fitko, plaváreň, škôlky, školy, detké ihriská, tenisové kurty, bowling. Pri bytovej jednotke možnosť napojiť sa na cyklotrasu a s možnosťou prejsť na pešo do mesta. Byt je voľný okamžite. Mesačný prenájom predstavuje 550€ + 200 € energie vrátane poplatkov za TV a internet. Kontakt: 0948 902 505 Email: kiss@primereality.sk Email: kiss@primereality.sk
          

Macron,« le pays (la France) est rrop négatif sur lui-même…»

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  1. Macron,« le pays (la France) est rrop négatif sur lui-même…»

Cette petite phrase, la dernière saillie en date de l’actuel président de la République, m’a remis en mémoire une autre petite phrase qui m’avait marqué alors que j’étais un jeune étudiant au début des années soixante-dix. Il s’agit du président Georges Pompidou qui stigmatisait la délectation morose des Français qu’il lui arriva aussi de traiter de professionnels de la rouspétance, en d’autres termes, d’être des râleurs. C’est à la fois vrai et faux. Et en effet, pourquoi donc les citoyens français ordinaires ne sont ils pas conscients de leur bien-être, de la sécurité qui règne dans leur pays (exceptés quelques territoires perdus de la République) et de la redistribution social qui représente un «pognon dingue», pour citer à nouveau qui vous savez…


          

In the U.S., 30 to 40 percent of food is wasted. California aims to change that

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In the U.S., 30 to 40 percent of food produced never makes it to a dining table. Much of that waste ends up in landfills. But some companies are pursuing new techniques to reduce and redistribute surplus -- plus process discarded food in environmentally friendly, sustainable ways that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions. NPR's Allison Aubrey reports from California, which is leading the charge.
          

Come chiedere un mutuo? Un piccolo approfondimento

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La richiesta di un mutuo in banca è un’operazione alquanto articolata che richiede necessariamente l’espletamento di atti formali e la fornitura all’istituto di credito di una lista di documenti che il richiedente deve preventivamente predisporre....

Leggi tutto su Come chiedere un mutuo? Un piccolo approfondimento - www.NonSoloPrestiti.com


          

TERRATETTO in Vendita Empoli - Zona:

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EMPOLI in vendita suggestivo RUSTICO di 55 mq in posizione riservata silenziosa e comodissima rispetto a tutti i servizi , con ampio parco 5000 mq e laghetto privato. Non contano le dimensioni affinche' qualcosa risulti perfetta e armoniosa. Una villetta di 55 mq c.c., articolata su due livelli, un vero e proprio DIAMANTE GREZZO! Una casa che ha mantenuto la sua calda accoglienza e i suoi confort, che ad oggi avranno bisogno di un aiutino per essere portati ai vecchi splendori. Ingresso al piano terra dalla cucina con rifiniture in pietra sulle pareti e camino in stile rustico molto bello, ampio soggiorno separato dal resto della zona giorno e servizio con doccia. Il primo piano dispone di una camera matrimoniale con secondo servizio finestrato, che affacciano su una spaziosa e panoramica terrazza coperta abitabile con vista sul vasto parco e i suoi alberi di alto fusto ognuno di una qualita' diversa. Il parco si estende per circa 5000 mq, e' completamente recintato, dispone di un cancello carrabile per accedere alla proprieta' e parte del giardino davanti all'abitazione e' gia' pavimentato. I dettagli denotano il pregio e la cura con il quale questa proprieta' e' stata costruita; pozzo, fontanelle e muretti, tutti rifiniti in pietra, barbecue nuovo e meravigliosa veranda esterna con predisposizione per un cucinotto dove poter accogliere i propri amici e familiari a cena, godendosi una cornice fatta di silenzi e natura, con un laghetto artificiale creato da una sorgente naturale. Il volume della veranda ha la possibilita' di essere spostata e annessa all'abitazione, ampliando gli spazi e riuscendo a creare una seconda camera. - Rif. 394 - C.E. "G" - Eur 195.000,00 - Agenzia Immobiliare LE CASE DI GIO di Giovanna Passeri - Via Partigiani D'Italia 14 - Empoli - tel. 3290742308
          

Turning perceptions around: How California’s unions changed Californians’ minds about unions

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Unions have a public perception problem.

Though opinion polls show the strongest favorability ratings for unions in years, those ratings – at least among those polled – have bounced up and down for decades.

Worse, more than 60 years of millions of dollars spent on corporate propaganda, plus union-bashing, hysterical linkages to radicals, rampant Red-baiting, mainstream media bias and outright lies have cemented notions in people’s heads of what unions are all about.

That is, if respondents know anything about unions and workers at all. Since only 10.7% of U.S. workers are union members, most of the U.S. doesn’t even know what unions are, what they do, or how they protect and fight for you and me, and not just for their members.

Those truisms hold even in progressive, “blue” states. Case in point: California.

So several years ago, the California state AFL-CIO and its member unions set out to change the mindset. On Nov. 14, Communications Directors Steve Smith of the state fed and Rebecca Band of Electrical Workers Local 1245 told union communicators how they did it.

“Ten years ago,” when Smith returned to his native California from working in the AFL-CIO’s communications department in D.C., “Californians were 40% positive and 45% negative about unions,” he told the International Labor Communications Association convention in Silver Spring, Md.

Their first step was to find out what people really thought, in words and images, not just percentages, about unions and union workers. Focus groups and interviews provided the answers – and the negative verbiage was chilling.

“Our truth is that we’re about fairness, about being good neighbors, about worker power, about getting better pay” and benefits “and about being champions of inclusion,” Band said. That wasn’t what respondents were telling them, though. “Protectors of slackers, overpaid, socialist,” were among the adjectives.

“How did we have this ‘unions just suck’ perception?” she asked.

And the negatives weren’t just among workers, she noted. They were also among other progressive individuals and groups, even though union members and their families provide most of the “people power” for those movements.

After the focus groups reported, the brainstorming began. And the key point was to change the language – and to get away from the details of policy and politics which unions, their leaders and their members often immerse themselves in, Smith noted.

Sure, he said, still talk issues, but talk about them in a way that hits home personally. And have rank-and-file workers, telling their stories, do it.

It was particularly tough in the Golden State, Smith noted. As governor, Republican Ronald Reagan assembled a “kitchen cabinet,” led by notorious right-wing brewery mogul Joe Coors, to “put together a 40-year plan to shrink union membership, reduce the influence of unions and reduce the size of government.”

That plan almost perfectly coincided with a national effort led by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, starting in 1971, though Smith did not mention it.

Activated by a malevolent memo by conservative lawyer Lewis Powell – just before GOP President Richard Nixon nominated Powell to the U.S. Supreme Court – the chamber and its corporate clients launched an all-out coordinated decades-long attack against unions, academics, students, progressives, people of color and anyone else perceived as threats to corporate hegemony.

That attack included creation of think tanks, PR firms and the right-wing media echo chamber. It included recruiting conservative ideologues to produce position papers espousing right-wing – including anti-union – ideology and a campaign to influence elections through mountains of money funneled to corporate candidates, committees and causes.

Reagan’s and Powell’s plans have succeeded spectacularly, and that’s what Smith, Band and California’s unions found themselves up against. “They understood message discipline,” Band said of the right-wingers. “But anybody can do message discipline.” Including unions. Including workers.

So the state federation and its allies started testing phrases and words that would either substitute – and replace in people’s minds – the right-wing mantras, or that would highlight the positive benefits and aspects of unions not just for members, but for all. Some examples from the Californians’ “Words to Lose, Words to Use” fact sheet:

Instead of talking about corporations “keeping us from joining unions,” substitute corporations “take away our freedom to stand together.” Instead of generalized attacks on “business,” make the criticisms specific against “corporate lobbyists, special interests, CEOs and the wealthy elite.”

Instead of “collective bargaining,” talk about “a seat at the table to negotiate fair wages  and benefits.” And instead of “protect our right to a union,” talk about “workers deserve the freedom to stand together and have a voice on the job.”

And talk about “power in numbers,” not “political spending.” As for corporate attacks on how “union bosses” take dues money from workers’ pockets, the substitute: “When we stand together, we have power. That’s what we’re all contributing to.”

Current conditions also help, Smith admitted. While unemployment is low, millions of people are working two or three jobs to make ends meet, health care coverage is declining, and guaranteed pensions upon retirement are a mist in the past.

“The stagnating wages, all the income going to the 1%, and no retirement security” give us the opportunity to rebrand ourselves as fighting to change that picture, he explained.  After all, conditions are so bad “that a University of California at Berkeley study calculates that 50% pf workers now employed will retire in poverty.”

“So workers,” especially younger workers, “are looking for something to let them flip the script. Our opening is to make unions that ‘thing.’”

CEOs are one big target. Poll respondents often complain unions protect “wasteful” or “lazy” workers. “Where’s the real waste?” Smith asked. “It’s the CEOs and Trump.’

Make that point, they said. The California federation urges workers to cite CEOs who really make the decisions that run companies, families, factories, cities, villages and the entire economy – plus the environment – into the ground. And they feeding out of our trough, too.

“Why is Walmart getting my tax dollars?” to open warehouses where its workers toil for substandard wages. “And you can ask ‘Did you know Amazon pays no taxes?”

But how about Trumpites who yearn for “Make America Great Again” days like the 1950s sitcom ideal of a two-parent family with Dad working and Mom taking care of the kids in the suburban house.

That’s where Band jumped in with one very salient fact: “The ‘good old days’ were when union membership was high” – one-third of all private sector workers – “and we were creating and building the middle class brick by brick.”

“These messages transcend partisan divisions, even among people who have bought into the” right-wing “Heritage Foundation stuff,” Band said.

The effort has apparently worked, at least in California. Combined with non-partisan – not politically skewed – redistricting and strong labor organizing and political campaigning, the Golden State, the nation’s most-populous, is now arguably its bluest, and most pro-worker.

The legislature has a pro-worker supermajority, workers have a mostly, though not totally, favorable governor in Gavin Newsom, and both U.S. senators and 44 of the state’s 53 U.S. representatives are pro-worker Democrats. The result, at least on the state and local level, is union wins in both organizing and legislation.

The entire presentation, including power-points, is available from Steve Smith at the California AFL-CIO: ssmith@calaborfed.org.

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Aralık başında konut kredisi faizlerinde son durum 

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Konut kredisi faiz oranları düşmeye devam ediyor. Kasım ayında ard arda gelen faiz indirimlerinden sonra Aralık başında konut kredisi faiz oranlarında son durum ne oldu? Bankaların konut kredisi faiz oranları düşmeye devam ediyor. Ağustos ayında hızlanan faiz indirimleri hız kesmeden Aralık ayına kadar devam etti. Konut kredisi faizleri son bir buçuk yılın en düşük seviyesine […]
          

Fredis Reyes el salvadoreño que se dedica a la escritura y al cine en EE.UU.

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Iván Escobar A finales de octubre del presente año conocí en el centro de histórico de San Salvador a Fredis Reynaldo Reyes, un salvadoreño que ha vivido en Estados Unidos (EE.UU.) en los últimos años, y quien ha trabajado duro para lograr uno de sus principales sueños: dedicarse a la literatura. Además desde hace cinco …

La entrada Fredis Reyes el salvadoreño que se dedica a la escritura y al cine en EE.UU. aparece primero en Diario Co Latino.


          

Glasgow named UK's top cultural and creative city in European Commission report

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Glasgow has been named the UK’s top cultural and creative city in 2019 as part of a landmark report by the European Commission.

The report puts Glasgow at the top of the UK list above London, Bristol, Brighton and Manchester in the top five. Edinburgh is ranked 6th on the list. The report also ranked Glasgow as Europe’s leader for ‘openness, tolerance and trust’.

The Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor 2019 report looks at 190 cities from across 30 European countries and ranks 29 different aspects of a city’s cultural health, including its cultural vibrancy, creative economy and ability to attract creative talent and stimulate cultural engagement.

The report states: “Glasgow was one of the first European Capitals of Culture, in 1990. Known as an industrial city, it has now gained recognition as a creative and cultural centre of European importance.”

Work is progressing on a new culture strategy for Glasgow which will set out ambitious new targets to build the city’s reputation as globally recognised creative and cultural world city, with citizens at its heart.

Glasgow is home to more than 100 cultural organisations and five of Scotland’s six internationally-renowned national performing arts companies: the Royal Scottish National Orchestra; National Theatre of Scotland; BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra; Scottish Opera and Scottish Ballet. The SSE Hydro was named the world’s best performing music venue by size in 2018.

More people visit Glasgow’s museums each year than in any other UK city outside of London, with both Kelvingrove Art Gallery and the Riverside Museum attracting more than 1.3 million visits each in the last year. The city is also investing £66 million in a full refurbishment and redisplay of the Burrell Collection, which is set to re-open to the public in 2021.

Glasgow’s nine city museums are home to Europe’s largest civic arts collection, with masterpieces by Dali, Van Gogh, Degas, Renoir, Whistler and Monet as well as works by the Glasgow Boys and the Scottish Colourists. Glasgow has also been eight Turner Prize winners and 12 nominees who have hailed from, trained in, or worked out of the city in recent years. The city is also home to the genius of architect and designer, Charles Rennie Mackintosh.

Glasgow has a year-round calendar of major cultural events from the UK’s biggest Mela to the Merchant City Festival and the World Pipe Band Championships. Every January, the city’s Celtic Connections festival welcomes more than 2,000 artists from across the globe to take part in some 300 events on 35 city stages as part of an incredible celebration of traditional and folk music. The city is also home to the Glasgow Jazz Festival, Glasgow International Comedy Festival and the Glasgow Film Festival.

Cover of Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor 2019 / Image: (c) European Union

 

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Andrés Neuman: «Aprender a envejecer tiene que ver con insertar a los mayores en el imaginario del deseo»

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«Hoy en día no sabemos cómo relacionarnos con nuestro cuerpo y terminamos borrándolo, disimulándolo, sobre maquillándolo o relacionándonos desde el complejo, la vergüenza o el pudor». Quien habla es el escritor Andrés Neuman, que harto de los estereotipos que pueblan nuestra vida cotidiana en general, y en particular, los discursos del cuerpo, reivindica en su último libro «Anatomía sensible» (Páginas de Espuma, 2019) una «poetización de los cuerpos reales» en contraposición a su actual representación, que el autor encuentra que «se ha vuelto terriblemente opresivo y muy cruel con la mayoría de la población». «En este libro se juntaron el hartazgo y la rabia que me producen las representaciones públicas del cuerpo en la publicidad, en el cine, en la tele, en las redes sociales... Esta especie de acoso y derribo que tenemos que trata de convencernos de que nuestro cuerpo no es los suficientemente digno para ser mirado, admirado, celebrado o deseado, que es una especie de malestar sociológico», apunta el autor, que hace unos días presentó su libro en la Librería Oletum de Valladolid. Y es que a juicio del escritor, al problema «heredado» del machismo y la representación del cuerpo de la mujer, se suman actualmente otros como «la viejofobia, la gordofobia...» y tal son los estereotipos que nos vienen marcados que «incluso un joven con un cuerpo presuntamente canónico se relaciona con él desde la angustia, el complejo y el dolor». Una percepción que viene, también en opinión de este autor, a que «creo que no nos hemos planteado bien colectivamente como sociedad la relación con el cuerpo». Por ello, desde su «pequeña parcela literaria» Andrés Neuman ha querido contribuir a que «el imaginario del cuerpo y del deseo sea, en el mejor sentido de la palabra, más democrático». Con ese fin se puso como reto «mirar a izquierda y derecha, arriba y abajo, y a gente joven y mayor». Para esa «anatomía heterodoxa» que es la estructura del libro, donde trata de describir el cuerpo de forma completamente a corriente, Neuman no tuvo ningún referente literario, aunque sí «pensaba en ideas de autores» que le han influido, entre los que cita a Rodolfo Wilcock o la escritura heterogénea de Clarice Lispector. Aunque en principio no tanía clara cuál iba a ser precisamente esa estructura ell tema, confiesa el autor, sobrevolaba en su mente desde que publicase en 2007 el libro de relatos «Alumbramiento», también con Páginas de Espuma. El relato breve que prestaba su título al conjunto hablaba del parto de un hombre, era una revisión de la masculinidad y del rol del hombre en la familia, ya era, en su opinión, «un cuento muy corporal». En esta ocasión, lo único que tenía claro es que «sólo quería trabajar con las partes más visibles del cuerpo». Así, lugares tan «poco prestigiosos políticamente» como la rodilla, el tobillo, la axila, el talón, la mandíbula... y un largo etcétera son los protagonistas de 28 capítulos. Los dos restantes, el comienzo y el final de «Anatomía sensible», Andrés Neuman los ha reservado a «la piel» y «el alma»: «Me pareció divertido empezar y terminar con ellos porque son dos instancias cuya relación con el cuerpo es ambigua», apunta. «La idea era imaginar que el cuerpo era un país y que hacía falta redistribuir la riqueza poética de ese país llamado cuerpo entre sus distintas regiones corporales», señala antes de recalcar que lo que tenía claro es que «quería que fuese un libro con muchísimo humor e ironía» porque pensaba que el cuerpo se podía prestar a ese «carnaval». Todo con el fin último de hacer «un libro desaeante» y a la vez «ampliar el imaginario público del deseo».
          

House Hunters International S142E12 Rediscovering Brussels WEBRip x264-CAFFEiNE EZTV

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IFDP 2019-1267: Household Debt and the Heterogeneous Effects of Forward Guidance

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Francesco Ferrante and Matthias Paustian | We develop an incomplete-markets heterogeneous agent New-Keynesian (HANK) model in which households are allowed to lend and borrow, subject to a borrowing constraint. We show that, in this framework, forward guidance, that is the promise by the central bank to lower future interest rates, can be a powerful policy tool, especially when the economy is in a liquidity trap. In our model, the power of forward guidance is amplified by three redistributive channels, absent in a representative agent new- Keynesian model (RANK) or in a HANK model without private debt. First, expected lower rates imply a future transfer of wealth from savers to borrowers, reducing precautionary motives and stimulating current demand and inflation. Second, higher initial inflation lowers the path of the real rate increasing the wealth of borrowers, who have a higher marginal propensity to consume (MPC). Third, if debt is nominal, debt deflation generates also a wealth transfer towards high-MPC borrowing-constrained agents, further increasing aggregate consumption and inflation. These channels amplify each other in a liquidity trap, and can make forward guidance more powerful in a HANK model than in a RANK framework. These results contrast with previous research on HANK models, which focused on frameworks where agents were not allowed to borrow, and which found negligible effects of forward guidance.
          

Editorial: How to navigate Cuffing Season when you're SAD

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We're deep into sweater season, and the hot Med Deli guy has been missing all semester long. You know what that means ⁠- it's crunch time to find a bae for the holidays. In other words, Cuffing Season is upon us.

There's nothing more emotionally exhausting than explaining to your Great Aunt Carol why you're still single. You used to be single because you were super deep in the closet; but now that that cat's out of the bag, both you and Auntie Carol are frustrated by your lack of companionship.

Meanwhile, your Instagram feed is filled with cute couples ice skating and baking cookies and participating in a whole host of seasonally-appropriate, monogamous bullshit. It's exhausting, you hate it and those picture-perfect couples just make you "want to vom." But, at the same time, you can't help but be a little bit jealous.

We've offered different takes on Cuffing Season over the years, but we can't ever seem to get our solution to this trend exactly right.

When the temperatures drop, we want to snuggle. Our biology predisposes us to crave companionship during this time of the year. On the other hand, we want to believe that being single during the holidays isn't all that bad. We hold fast to the belief that we don't need another person to validate our worth. We want to wake up like Lizzo, and look up in the mirror like "Damn, she the one."

What we rarely talk about in the context of Cuffing Season, however, is the very-real onset of seasonal affective disorder - aptly abbreviated to SAD. The depressive symptoms that accompany this disorder are often chalked up to be the final exam season slump, or getting a little too in your feels about being single. When the symptoms of SAD are conflated with the social pressure to have a significant other during the holidays, Cuffing Season can really get you down.

That said, we think that the conversation around Cuffing Season should be re-framed a little bit. Nobody should be seeking out a significant other just for the sake of doing so, nor should they be getting down on themselves for standing firmly in their singlehood. What we should concern ourselves with, instead, is how we care for our single selves and friends during times when SAD is on the rise.

Cuffed or single, here are some ways that you can take care of yourself during the cold winter months:

  1. Establish a support network for yourself that isn't a significant other. This applies to folks who are cuffed, too. We can become isolated from support networks like friends and family when we're single. But even if we are in a relationship, we can rely too heavily on our partners for emotional support. So, make sure you know who, aside from bae, you can call if you're feeling down.
  2. Take some time off from social media. It's cliche, we know, but inundating yourself with images of folks in relationships, having a super fun time on their vacation or any number of manufactured images can really drain you. Take some time to step away from that, and try to enjoy yourself in a way that isn't dependent upon whether your followers would like it.
  3. Be intentional about rebuilding relationships with your friends and family. We can become so enthralled by dating apps and Cuffing Season and the hunt for a partner that we forget to invest in the people who we already have in our corner. Ask a friend out to lunch to catch up. Take your mom on a coffee date. Have a cute movie night in with your siblings. Platonic and familial love can be just as cute during the holidays as the love that you share with a significant other.
  4. Listen to Ariana Grande's "Christmas & Chill." Just trust us on this one.
  5. If any exes try to slide back in during the frenzy of Cuffing Season, see items 1-4.

At the end of the day, whether you buy into Cuffing Season or not, what's most important is that you prioritize your mental health, foster relationships that you already have and focus on your own happiness during the SAD times. That special someone will come around eventually. And besides, being cuffed is expensive AF anyway.

opinion@dailytarheel.com


          

Lettera Apostolica Admirabile signum del Santo Padre Francesco sul significato e il valore del Presepe

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Lettera Apostolica del Santo Padre

Traduzione in lingua francese

Traduzione in lingua inglese

Traduzione in lingua tedesca

Traduzione in lingua spagnola

Traduzione in lingua portoghese

Traduzione in lingua polacca

Traduzione in lingua araba

Lettera Apostolica del Santo Padre

LETTERA APOSTOLICA Admirabile signum DEL SANTO PADRE FRANCESCO SUL SIGNIFICATO E IL VALORE DEL PRESEPE

1. Il mirabile segno del presepe, così caro al popolo cristiano, suscita sempre stupore e meraviglia. Rappresentare l’evento della nascita di Gesù equivale ad annunciare il mistero dell’Incarnazione del Figlio di Dio con semplicità e gioia. Il presepe, infatti, è come un Vangelo vivo, che trabocca dalle pagine della Sacra Scrittura. Mentre contempliamo la scena del Natale, siamo invitati a metterci spiritualmente in cammino, attratti dall’umiltà di Colui che si è fatto uomo per incontrare ogni uomo. E scopriamo che Egli ci ama a tal punto da unirsi a noi, perché anche noi possiamo unirci a Lui.

Con questa Lettera vorrei sostenere la bella tradizione delle nostre famiglie, che nei giorni precedenti il Natale preparano il presepe. Come pure la consuetudine di allestirlo nei luoghi di lavoro, nelle scuole, negli ospedali, nelle carceri, nelle piazze... È davvero un esercizio di fantasia creativa, che impiega i materiali più disparati per dare vita a piccoli capolavori di bellezza. Si impara da bambini: quando papà e mamma, insieme ai nonni, trasmettono questa gioiosa abitudine, che racchiude in sé una ricca spiritualità popolare. Mi auguro che questa pratica non venga mai meno; anzi, spero che, là dove fosse caduta in disuso, possa essere riscoperta e rivitalizzata.

2. L’origine del presepe trova riscontro anzitutto in alcuni dettagli evangelici della nascita di Gesù a Betlemme. L’Evangelista Luca dice semplicemente che Maria «diede alla luce il suo figlio primogenito, lo avvolse in fasce e lo pose in una mangiatoia, perché per loro non c’era posto nell’alloggio» (2,7). Gesù viene deposto in una mangiatoia, che in latino si dice praesepium , da cui presepe .

Entrando in questo mondo, il Figlio di Dio trova posto dove gli animali vanno a mangiare. Il fieno diventa il primo giaciglio per Colui che si rivelerà come «il pane disceso dal cielo» ( Gv 6,41). Una simbologia che già Sant’Agostino, insieme ad altri Padri, aveva colto quando scriveva: «Adagiato in una mangiatoia, divenne nostro cibo» ( Serm . 189,4). In realtà, il presepe contiene diversi misteri della vita di Gesù e li fa sentire vicini alla nostra vita quotidiana.

Ma veniamo subito all’origine del presepe come noi lo intendiamo. Ci rechiamo con la mente a Greccio, nella Valle Reatina, dove San Francesco si fermò venendo probabilmente da Roma, dove il 29 novembre 1223 aveva ricevuto dal Papa Onorio III la conferma della sua Regola. Dopo il suo viaggio in Terra Santa, quelle grotte gli ricordavano in modo particolare il paesaggio di Betlemme. Ed è possibile che il Poverello fosse rimasto colpito, a Roma, nella Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, dai mosaici con la rappresentazione della nascita di Gesù, proprio accanto al luogo dove si conservavano, secondo un’antica tradizione, le tavole della mangiatoia.

Le Fonti Francescane raccontano nei particolari cosa avvenne a Greccio. Quindici giorni prima di Natale, Francesco chiamò un uomo del posto, di nome Giovanni, e lo pregò di aiutarlo nell’attuare un desiderio: «Vorrei rappresentare il Bambino nato a Betlemme, e in qualche modo vedere con gli occhi del corpo i disagi in cui si è trovato per la mancanza delle cose necessarie a un neonato, come fu adagiato in una greppia e come giaceva sul fieno tra il bue e l’asinello». [1] Appena l’ebbe ascoltato, il fedele amico andò subito ad approntare sul luogo designato tutto il necessario, secondo il desiderio del Santo. Il 25 dicembre giunsero a Greccio molti frati da varie parti e arrivarono anche uomini e donne dai casolari della zona, portando fiori e fiaccole per illuminare quella santa notte. Arrivato Francesco, trovò la greppia con il fieno, il bue e l’asinello. La gente accorsa manifestò una gioia indicibile, mai assaporata prima, davanti alla scena del Natale. Poi il sacerdote, sulla mangiatoia, celebrò solennemente l’Eucaristia, mostrando il legame tra l’Incarnazione del Figlio di Dio e l’Eucaristia. In quella circostanza, a Greccio, non c’erano statuine: il presepe fu realizzato e vissuto da quanti erano presenti. [2]

È così che nasce la nostra tradizione: tutti attorno alla grotta e ricolmi di gioia, senza più alcuna distanza tra l’evento che si compie e quanti diventano partecipi del mistero.

Il primo biografo di San Francesco, Tommaso da Celano, ricorda che quella notte, alla scena semplice e toccante s’aggiunse anche il dono di una visione meravigliosa: uno dei presenti vide giacere nella mangiatoia Gesù Bambino stesso. Da quel presepe del Natale 1223, «ciascuno se ne tornò a casa sua pieno di ineffabile gioia». [3]

3. San Francesco, con la semplicità di quel segno, realizzò una grande opera di evangelizzazione. Il suo insegnamento è penetrato nel cuore dei cristiani e permane fino ai nostri giorni come una genuina forma per riproporre la bellezza della nostra fede con semplicità. D’altronde, il luogo stesso dove si realizzò il primo presepe esprime e suscita questi sentimenti. Greccio diventa un rifugio per l’anima che si nasconde sulla roccia per lasciarsi avvolgere nel silenzio.

Perché il presepe suscita tanto stupore e ci commuove? Anzitutto perché manifesta la tenerezza di Dio. Lui, il Creatore dell’universo, si abbassa alla nostra piccolezza. Il dono della vita, già misterioso ogni volta per noi, ci affascina ancora di più vedendo che Colui che è nato da Maria è la fonte e il sostegno di ogni vita. In Gesù, il Padre ci ha dato un fratello che viene a cercarci quando siamo disorientati e perdiamo la direzione; un amico fedele che ci sta sempre vicino; ci ha dato il suo Figlio che ci perdona e ci risolleva dal peccato.

Comporre il presepe nelle nostre case ci aiuta a rivivere la storia che si è vissuta a Betlemme. Naturalmente, i Vangeli rimangono sempre la fonte che permette di conoscere e meditare quell’Avvenimento; tuttavia, la sua rappresentazione nel presepe aiuta ad immaginare le scene, stimola gli affetti, invita a sentirsi coinvolti nella storia della salvezza, contemporanei dell’evento che è vivo e attuale nei più diversi contesti storici e culturali.

In modo particolare, fin dall’origine francescana il presepe è un invito a “sentire”, a “toccare” la povertà che il Figlio di Dio ha scelto per sé nella sua Incarnazione. E così, implicitamente, è un appello a seguirlo sulla via dell’umiltà, della povertà, della spogliazione, che dalla mangiatoia di Betlemme conduce alla Croce. È un appello a incontrarlo e servirlo con misericordia nei fratelli e nelle sorelle più bisognosi (cfr Mt 25,31-46).

4. Mi piace ora passare in rassegna i vari segni del presepe per cogliere il senso che portano in sé. In primo luogo, rappresentiamo il contesto del cielo stellato nel buio e nel silenzio della notte. Non è solo per fedeltà ai racconti evangelici che lo facciamo così, ma anche per il significato che possiede. Pensiamo a quante volte la notte circonda la nostra vita. Ebbene, anche in quei momenti, Dio non ci lascia soli, ma si fa presente per rispondere alle domande decisive che riguardano il senso della nostra esistenza: chi sono io? Da dove vengo? Perché sono nato in questo tempo? Perché amo? Perché soffro? Perché morirò? Per dare una risposta a questi interrogativi Dio si è fatto uomo. La sua vicinanza porta luce dove c’è il buio e rischiara quanti attraversano le tenebre della sofferenza (cfr Lc 1,79).

Una parola meritano anche i paesaggi che fanno parte del presepe e che spesso rappresentano le rovine di case e palazzi antichi, che in alcuni casi sostituiscono la grotta di Betlemme e diventano l’abitazione della Santa Famiglia. Queste rovine sembra che si ispirino alla Legenda Aurea del domenicano Jacopo da Varazze (secolo XIII), dove si legge di una credenza pagana secondo cui il tempio della Pace a Roma sarebbe crollato quando una Vergine avesse partorito. Quelle rovine sono soprattutto il segno visibile dell’umanità decaduta, di tutto ciò che va in rovina, che è corrotto e intristito. Questo scenario dice che Gesù è la novità in mezzo a un mondo vecchio, ed è venuto a guarire e ricostruire, a riportare la nostra vita e il mondo al loro splendore originario.

5. Quanta emozione dovrebbe accompagnarci mentre collochiamo nel presepe le montagne, i ruscelli, le pecore e i pastori! In questo modo ricordiamo, come avevano preannunciato i profeti, che tutto il creato partecipa alla festa della venuta del Messia. Gli angeli e la stella cometa sono il segno che noi pure siamo chiamati a metterci in cammino per raggiungere la grotta e adorare il Signore.

«Andiamo fino a Betlemme, vediamo questo avvenimento che il Signore ci ha fatto conoscere» ( Lc 2,15): così dicono i pastori dopo l’annuncio fatto dagli angeli. È un insegnamento molto bello che ci proviene nella semplicità della descrizione. A differenza di tanta gente intenta a fare mille altre cose, i pastori diventano i primi testimoni dell’essenziale, cioè della salvezza che viene donata. Sono i più umili e i più poveri che sanno accogliere l’avvenimento dell’Incarnazione. A Dio che ci viene incontro nel Bambino Gesù, i pastori rispondono mettendosi in cammino verso di Lui, per un incontro di amore e di grato stupore. È proprio questo incontro tra Dio e i suoi figli, grazie a Gesù, a dar vita alla nostra religione, a costituire la sua singolare bellezza, che traspare in modo particolare nel presepe.

6. Nei nostri presepi siamo soliti mettere tante statuine simboliche. Anzitutto, quelle di mendicanti e di gente che non conosce altra abbondanza se non quella del cuore. Anche loro stanno vicine a Gesù Bambino a pieno titolo, senza che nessuno possa sfrattarle o allontanarle da una culla talmente improvvisata che i poveri attorno ad essa non stonano affatto. I poveri, anzi, sono i privilegiati di questo mistero e, spesso, coloro che maggiormente riescono a riconoscere la presenza di Dio in mezzo a noi.

I poveri e i semplici nel presepe ricordano che Dio si fa uomo per quelli che più sentono il bisogno del suo amore e chiedono la sua vicinanza. Gesù, «mite e umile di cuore» ( Mt 11,29), è nato povero, ha condotto una vita semplice per insegnarci a cogliere l’essenziale e vivere di esso. Dal presepe emerge chiaro il messaggio che non possiamo lasciarci illudere dalla ricchezza e da tante proposte effimere di felicità. Il palazzo di Erode è sullo sfondo, chiuso, sordo all’annuncio di gioia. Nascendo nel presepe, Dio stesso inizia l’unica vera rivoluzione che dà speranza e dignità ai diseredati, agli emarginati: la rivoluzione dell’amore, la rivoluzione della tenerezza. Dal presepe, Gesù proclama, con mite potenza, l’appello alla condivisione con gli ultimi quale strada verso un mondo più umano e fraterno, dove nessuno sia escluso ed emarginato.

Spesso i bambini – ma anche gli adulti! – amano aggiungere al presepe altre statuine che sembrano non avere alcuna relazione con i racconti evangelici. Eppure, questa immaginazione intende esprimere che in questo nuovo mondo inaugurato da Gesù c’è spazio per tutto ciò che è umano e per ogni creatura. Dal pastore al fabbro, dal fornaio ai musicisti, dalle donne che portano le brocche d’acqua ai bambini che giocano…: tutto ciò rappresenta la santità quotidiana, la gioia di fare in modo straordinario le cose di tutti i giorni, quando Gesù condivide con noi la sua vita divina.

7. Poco alla volta il presepe ci conduce alla grotta, dove troviamo le statuine di Maria e di Giuseppe. Maria è una mamma che contempla il suo bambino e lo mostra a quanti vengono a visitarlo. La sua statuetta fa pensare al grande mistero che ha coinvolto questa ragazza quando Dio ha bussato alla porta del suo cuore immacolato. All’annuncio dell’angelo che le chiedeva di diventare la madre di Dio, Maria rispose con obbedienza piena e totale. Le sue parole: «Ecco la serva del Signore: avvenga per me secondo la tua parola» ( Lc 1,38), sono per tutti noi la testimonianza di come abbandonarsi nella fede alla volontà di Dio. Con quel “sì” Maria diventava madre del Figlio di Dio senza perdere, anzi consacrando grazie a Lui la sua verginità. Vediamo in lei la Madre di Dio che non tiene il suo Figlio solo per sé, ma a tutti chiede di obbedire alla sua parola e metterla in pratica (cfr Gv 2,5).

Accanto a Maria, in atteggiamento di proteggere il Bambino e la sua mamma, c’è San Giuseppe. In genere è raffigurato con il bastone in mano, e a volte anche mentre regge una lampada. San Giuseppe svolge un ruolo molto importante nella vita di Gesù e di Maria. Lui è il custode che non si stanca mai di proteggere la sua famiglia. Quando Dio lo avvertirà della minaccia di Erode, non esiterà a mettersi in viaggio ed emigrare in Egitto (cfr Mt 2,13-15). E una volta passato il pericolo, riporterà la famiglia a Nazareth, dove sarà il primo educatore di Gesù fanciullo e adolescente. Giuseppe portava nel cuore il grande mistero che avvolgeva Gesù e Maria sua sposa, e da uomo giusto si è sempre affidato alla volontà di Dio e l’ha messa in pratica.

8. Il cuore del presepe comincia a palpitare quando, a Natale, vi deponiamo la statuina di Gesù Bambino. Dio si presenta così, in un bambino, per farsi accogliere tra le nostre braccia. Nella debolezza e nella fragilità nasconde la sua potenza che tutto crea e trasforma. Sembra impossibile, eppure è così: in Gesù Dio è stato bambino e in questa condizione ha voluto rivelare la grandezza del suo amore, che si manifesta in un sorriso e nel tendere le sue mani verso chiunque.

La nascita di un bambino suscita gioia e stupore, perché pone dinanzi al grande mistero della vita. Vedendo brillare gli occhi dei giovani sposi davanti al loro figlio appena nato, comprendiamo i sentimenti di Maria e Giuseppe che guardando il bambino Gesù percepivano la presenza di Dio nella loro vita.

«La vita infatti si manifestò» ( 1 Gv 1,2): così l’apostolo Giovanni riassume il mistero dell’Incarnazione. Il presepe ci fa vedere, ci fa toccare questo evento unico e straordinario che ha cambiato il corso della storia, e a partire dal quale anche si ordina la numerazione degli anni, prima e dopo la nascita di Cristo.

Il modo di agire di Dio quasi tramortisce, perché sembra impossibile che Egli rinunci alla sua gloria per farsi uomo come noi. Che sorpresa vedere Dio che assume i nostri stessi comportamenti: dorme, prende il latte dalla mamma, piange e gioca come tutti i bambini! Come sempre, Dio sconcerta, è imprevedibile, continuamente fuori dai nostri schemi. Dunque il presepe, mentre ci mostra Dio così come è entrato nel mondo, ci provoca a pensare alla nostra vita inserita in quella di Dio; invita a diventare suoi discepoli se si vuole raggiungere il senso ultimo della vita.

9. Quando si avvicina la festa dell’Epifania, si collocano nel presepe le tre statuine dei Re Magi. Osservando la stella, quei saggi e ricchi signori dell’Oriente si erano messi in cammino verso Betlemme per conoscere Gesù, e offrirgli in dono oro, incenso e mirra. Anche questi regali hanno un significato allegorico: l’oro onora la regalità di Gesù; l’incenso la sua divinità; la mirra la sua santa umanità che conoscerà la morte e la sepoltura.

Guardando questa scena nel presepe siamo chiamati a riflettere sulla responsabilità che ogni cristiano ha di essere evangelizzatore. Ognuno di noi si fa portatore della Bella Notizia presso quanti incontra, testimoniando la gioia di aver incontrato Gesù e il suo amore con concrete azioni di misericordia.

I Magi insegnano che si può partire da molto lontano per raggiungere Cristo. Sono uomini ricchi, stranieri sapienti, assetati d’infinito, che partono per un lungo e pericoloso viaggio che li porta fino a Betlemme (cfr Mt 2,1-12). Davanti al Re Bambino li pervade una gioia grande. Non si lasciano scandalizzare dalla povertà dell’ambiente; non esitano a mettersi in ginocchio e ad adorarlo. Davanti a Lui comprendono che Dio, come regola con sovrana sapienza il corso degli astri, così guida il corso della storia, abbassando i potenti ed esaltando gli umili. E certamente, tornati nel loro Paese, avranno raccontato questo incontro sorprendente con il Messia, inaugurando il viaggio del Vangelo tra le genti.

10. Davanti al presepe, la mente va volentieri a quando si era bambini e con impazienza si aspettava il tempo per iniziare a costruirlo. Questi ricordi ci inducono a prendere sempre nuovamente coscienza del grande dono che ci è stato fatto trasmettendoci la fede; e al tempo stesso ci fanno sentire il dovere e la gioia di partecipare ai figli e ai nipoti la stessa esperienza. Non è importante come si allestisce il presepe, può essere sempre uguale o modificarsi ogni anno; ciò che conta, è che esso parli alla nostra vita. Dovunque e in qualsiasi forma, il presepe racconta l’amore di Dio, il Dio che si è fatto bambino per dirci quanto è vicino ad ogni essere umano, in qualunque condizione si trovi.

Cari fratelli e sorelle, il presepe fa parte del dolce ed esigente processo di trasmissione della fede. A partire dall’infanzia e poi in ogni età della vita, ci educa a contemplare Gesù, a sentire l’amore di Dio per noi, a sentire e credere che Dio è con noi e noi siamo con Lui, tutti figli e fratelli grazie a quel Bambino Figlio di Dio e della Vergine Maria. E a sentire che in questo sta la felicità. Alla scuola di San Francesco, apriamo il cuore a questa grazia semplice, lasciamo che dallo stupore nasca una preghiera umile: il nostro “grazie” a Dio che ha voluto condividere con noi tutto per non lasciarci mai soli.

Dato a Greccio, nel Santuario del Presepe, 1° dicembre 2019, settimo del pontificato.

FRANCESCO

___________________

[1] Tommaso da Celano, Vita Prima , 84: Fonti francescane (FF) , n. 468. [2] Cf. ibid ., 85: FF , n. 469. [3] Ibid. , 86: FF , n. 470.

[01938-IT.01] [Testo originale: Italiano]

Traduzione in lingua francese

LETTRE APOSTOLIQUE Admirabile signum DU SOUVERAIN PONTIFE FRANÇOIS SUR LA SIGNIFICATION ET LA VALEUR DE LA CRÈCHE

1. Le merveilleux signe de la crèche, si chère au peuple chrétien, suscite toujours stupeur et émerveillement. Représenter l'événement de la naissance de Jésus, équivaut à annoncer le mystère de l'Incarnation du Fils de Dieu avec simplicité et joie. La crèche, en effet, est comme un Évangile vivant, qui découle des pages de la Sainte Écriture. En contemplant la scène de Noël, nous sommes invités à nous mettre spirituellement en chemin, attirés par l'humilité de Celui qui s'est fait homme pour rencontrer chaque homme. Et, nous découvrons qu'Il nous aime jusqu’au point de s’unir à nous, pour que nous aussi nous puissions nous unir à Lui.

Par cette lettre je voudrais soutenir la belle tradition de nos familles qui, dans les jours qui précèdent Noël, préparent la crèche. Tout comme la coutume de l'installer sur les lieux de travail, dans les écoles, les hôpitaux, les prisons, sur les places publiques... C'est vraiment un exercice d'imagination créative, qui utilise les matériaux les plus variés pour créer de petits chefs-d'œuvre de beauté. On l’apprend dès notre enfance : quand papa et maman, ensemble avec les grands-parents, transmettent cette habitude joyeuse qui possède en soi une riche spiritualité populaire. Je souhaite que cette pratique ne se perde pas ; mais au contraire, j'espère que là où elle est tombée en désuétude, elle puisse être redécouverte et revitalisée.

2. L'origine de la crèche se trouve surtout dans certains détails évangéliques de la naissance de Jésus à Bethléem. L'évangéliste Luc dit simplement que Marie «mit au monde son fils premier-né; elle l’emmaillota et le coucha dans une mangeoire, car il n’y avait pas de place pour eux dans la salle commune» (2, 7). Jésus est couché dans une mangeoire, appelée en latin praesepium , d'où la crèche.

En entrant dans ce monde, le Fils de Dieu est déposé à l’endroit où les animaux vont manger. La paille devient le premier berceau pour Celui qui se révèle comme «le pain descendu du ciel» ( Jn 6, 41). C’est une symbolique, que déjà saint Augustin, avec d'autres Pères, avait saisie lorsqu'il écrivait : «Allongé dans une mangeoire, il est devenu notre nourriture» (Serm. 189, 4). En réalité, la crèche contient plusieurs mystères de la vie de Jésus de telle sorte qu’elle nous les rend plus proches de notre vie quotidienne.

Mais venons-en à l'origine de la crèche telle que nous la comprenons. Retrouvons-nous en pensée à Greccio, dans la vallée de Rieti, où saint François s'arrêta, revenant probablement de Rome, le 29 novembre 1223, lorsqu’il avait reçu du Pape HonoriusIII la confirmation de sa Règle. Après son voyage en Terre Sainte, ces grottes lui rappelaient d'une manière particulière le paysage de Bethléem. Et il est possible que le Poverello ait été influencé à Rome, par les mosaïques de la Basilique de Sainte Marie Majeure, représentant la naissance de Jésus, juste à côté de l'endroit où étaient conservés, selon une tradition ancienne, les fragments de la mangeoire.

Les Sources franciscaines racontent en détail ce qui s'est passé à Greccio. Quinze jours avant Noël, François appela un homme du lieu, nommé Jean, et le supplia de l'aider à réaliser un vœu : «Je voudrais représenter l'Enfant né à Bethléem, et voir avec les yeux du corps, les souffrances dans lesquelles il s’est trouvé par manque du nécessaire pour un nouveau-né, lorsqu'il était couché dans un berceau sur la paille entre le bœuf et l'âne» [1] . Dès qu'il l'eut écouté, l'ami fidèle alla immédiatement préparer, à l'endroit indiqué, tout le nécessaire selon la volonté du Saint. Le 25 décembre, de nombreux frères de divers endroits vinrent à Greccio accompagnés d’hommes et de femmes provenant des fermes de la région, apportant fleurs et torches pour illuminer cette sainte nuit. Quand François arriva, il trouva la mangeoire avec la paille, le bœuf et l'âne. Les gens qui étaient accourus manifestèrent une joie indicible jamais éprouvée auparavant devant la scène de Noël. Puis le prêtre, sur la mangeoire, célébra solennellement l'Eucharistie, montrant le lien entre l'Incarnation du Fils de Dieu et l'Eucharistie. À cette occasion, à Greccio, il n'y a pas eu de santons: la crèche a été réalisée et vécue par les personnes présentes [2] .

C'est ainsi qu'est née notre tradition : tous autour de la grotte et pleins de joie, sans aucune distance entre l'événement qui se déroule et ceux qui participent au mystère.

Le premier biographe de saint François, Thomas de Celano, rappelle que s'ajouta, cette nuit-là, le don d'une vision merveilleuse à la scène touchante et simple: une des personnes présentes vit, couché dans la mangeoire, l'Enfant Jésus lui-même. De cette crèche de Noël 1223,«chacun s’en retourna chez lui plein d'une joie ineffable» [3] .

3. Saint François, par la simplicité de ce signe, a réalisé une grande œuvre d'évangélisation. Son enseignement a pénétré le cœur des chrétiens et reste jusqu'à nos jours une manière authentique de proposer de nouveau la beauté de notre foi avec simplicité. Par ailleurs, l'endroit même où la première crèche a été réalisée exprime et suscite ces sentiments. Greccio est donc devenu un refuge pour l'âme qui se cache sur le rocher pour se laisser envelopper dans le silence.

Pourquoi la crèche suscite-t-elle tant d'émerveillement et nous émeut-elle ? Tout d'abord parce qu'elle manifeste la tendresse de Dieu. Lui, le Créateur de l'univers, s'abaisse à notre petitesse. Le don de la vie, déjà mystérieux à chaque fois pour nous, fascine encore plus quand nous voyons que Celui qui est né de Marie est la source et le soutien de toute vie. En Jésus, le Père nous a donné un frère qui vient nous chercher quand nous sommes désorientés et que nous perdons notre direction ; un ami fidèle qui est toujours près de nous. Il nous a donné son Fils qui nous pardonne et nous relève du péché.

Faire une crèche dans nos maisons nous aide à revivre l'histoire vécue à Bethléem. Bien sûr, les Évangiles restent toujours la source qui nous permet de connaître et de méditer sur cet Événement, cependant la représentation de ce dernier par la crèche nous aide à imaginer les scènes, stimule notre affection et nous invite à nous sentir impliqués dans l'histoire du salut, contemporains de l'événement qui est vivant et actuel dans les contextes historiques et culturels les plus variés.

D'une manière particulière, depuis ses origines franciscaines, la crèche est une invitation à "sentir" et à "toucher" la pauvreté que le Fils de Dieu a choisie pour lui-même dans son incarnation. Elle est donc, implicitement, un appel à le suivre sur le chemin de l'humilité, de la pauvreté, du dépouillement, qui, de la mangeoire de Bethléem conduit à la croix. C'est un appel à le rencontrer et à le servir avec miséricorde dans les frères et sœurs les plus nécessiteux (cf. Mt 25, 31-46).

4. J'aimerais maintenant passer en revue les différents signes de la crèche pour en saisir le sens qu'ils portent en eux. En premier lieu, représentons-nous le contexte du ciel étoilé dans l'obscurité et dans le silence de la nuit. Ce n'est pas seulement par fidélité au récit évangélique que nous faisons ainsi, mais aussi pour la signification qu’il possède. Pensons seulement aux nombreuses fois où la nuit obscurcit notre vie. Eh bien, même dans ces moments-là, Dieu ne nous laisse pas seuls, mais il se rend présent pour répondre aux questions décisives concernant le sens de notre existence : Qui suis-je ? D'où est-ce que je viens ? Pourquoi suis-je né à cette époque ? Pourquoi est-ce que j'aime ? Pourquoi est-ce que je souffre ? Pourquoi vais-je mourir ? Pour répondre à ces questions, Dieu s'est fait homme. Sa proximité apporte la lumière là où il y a les ténèbres et illumine ceux qui traversent l’obscurité profonde de la souffrance (cf. Lc 1,79).

Les paysages qui font partie de la crèche méritent, eux aussi, quelques mots, car ils représentent souvent les ruines d'anciennes maisons et de palais qui, dans certains cas, remplacent la grotte de Bethléem et deviennent la demeure de la Sainte Famille. Ces ruines semblent s'inspirer de la Légende dorée du dominicain Jacopo da Varazze (XIII ème siècle), où nous pouvons lire une croyance païenne selon laquelle le temple de la Paix à Rome se serait effondré quand une Vierge aurait donné naissance. Ces ruines sont avant tout le signe visible de l'humanité déchue, de tout ce qui va en ruine, de ce qui est corrompu et triste. Ce scénario montre que Jésus est la nouveauté au milieu de ce vieux monde, et qu'il est venu guérir et reconstruire pour ramener nos vies et le monde à leur splendeur originelle.

5. Quelle émotion devrions-nous ressentir lorsque nous ajoutons dans la crèche des montagnes, des ruisseaux, des moutons et des bergers ! Nous nous souvenons ainsi, comme les prophètes l'avaient annoncé, que toute la création participe à la fête de la venue du Messie. Les anges et l'étoile de Bethléem sont le signe que nous sommes, nous aussi, appelés à nous mettre en route pour atteindre la grotte et adorer le Seigneur.

«Allons jusqu’à Bethléem pour voir ce qui est arrivé, l’événement que le Seigneur nous a fait connaître » ( Lc 2, 15) : voilà ce que disent les bergers après l'annonce faite par les anges. C'est un très bel enseignement qui nous est donné dans la simplicité de sa description. Contrairement à tant de personnes occupées à faire mille choses, les bergers deviennent les premiers témoins de l’essentiel, c’est-à-dire du salut qui est donné. Ce sont les plus humbles et les plus pauvres qui savent accueillir l'événement de l'Incarnation. À Dieu qui vient à notre rencontre dans l'Enfant Jésus, les bergers répondent en se mettant en route vers Lui, pour une rencontre d'amour et d'étonnement reconnaissant. C'est précisément cette rencontre entre Dieu et ses enfants, grâce à Jésus, qui donne vie à notre religion, qui constitue sa beauté unique et qui transparaît de manière particulière à la crèche.

6. Dans nos crèches, nous avons l'habitude de mettre de nombreuses santons symboliques. Tout d'abord, ceux des mendiants et des personnes qui ne connaissent pas d'autre abondance que celle du cœur. Eux aussi sont proches de l'Enfant Jésus à part entière, sans que personne ne puisse les expulser ou les éloigner du berceau improvisé, car ces pauvres qui l'entourent ne détonnent pas au décor. Les pauvres, en effet, sont les privilégiés de ce mystère et, souvent, les plus aptes à reconnaître la présence de Dieu parmi nous.

Les pauvres et les simples dans la crèche rappellent que Dieu se fait homme pour ceux qui ressentent le plus le besoin de son amour et demandent sa proximité. Jésus, «doux et humble de cœur» ( Mt 11, 29), est né pauvre, il a mené une vie simple pour nous apprendre à saisir l'essentiel et à en vivre. De la crèche, émerge clairement le message que nous ne pouvons pas nous laisser tromper par la richesse et par tant de propositions éphémères de bonheur. Le palais d'Hérode est en quelque sorte fermé et sourd à l'annonce de la joie. En naissant dans la crèche, Dieu lui-même commence la seule véritable révolution qui donne espoir et dignité aux non désirés, aux marginalisés : la révolution de l'amour, la révolution de la tendresse. De la crèche, Jésus a proclamé, avec une douce puissance, l'appel à partager avec les plus petits ce chemin vers un monde plus humain et plus fraternel, où personne n'est exclu ni marginalisé.

Souvent les enfants - mais aussi les adultes ! - adorent ajouter à la crèche d'autres figurines qui semblent n'avoir aucun rapport avec les récits évangéliques. Cette imagination entend exprimer que, dans ce monde nouveau inauguré par Jésus, il y a de la place pour tout ce qui est humain et pour toute créature. Du berger au forgeron, du boulanger au musicien, de la femme qui porte une cruche d’eau aux enfants qui jouent...: tout cela représente la sainteté au quotidien, la joie d’accomplir les choses de la vie courante d'une manière extraordinaire, lorsque Jésus partage sa vie divine avec nous.

7. Peu à peu, la crèche nous conduit à la grotte, où nous trouvons les santons de Marie et de Joseph. Marie est une mère qui contemple son enfant et le montre à ceux qui viennent le voir. Ce santon nous fait penser au grand mystère qui a impliqué cette jeune fille quand Dieu a frappé à la porte de son cœur immaculé. À l'annonce de l'ange qui lui demandait de devenir la mère de Dieu, Marie répondit avec une obéissance pleine et entière. Ses paroles : «Voici la servante du Seigneur; que tout m’advienne selon ta parole» ( Lc 1, 38), sont pour nous tous le témoignage de la façon de s’abandonner dans la foi à la volonté de Dieu. Avec ce "oui" Marie est devenue la mère du Fils de Dieu, sans perdre mais consacrant, grâce à lui, sa virginité. Nous voyons en elle la Mère de Dieu qui ne garde pas son Fils seulement pour elle-même, mais demande à chacun d'obéir à sa parole et de la mettre en pratique (cf. Jn 2, 5).

À côté de Marie, dans une attitude de protection de l'Enfant et de sa mère, se trouve saint Joseph. Il est généralement représenté avec un bâton à la main, et parfois même tenant une lampe. Saint Joseph joue un rôle très important dans la vie de Jésus et de Marie. Il est le gardien qui ne se lasse jamais de protéger sa famille. Quand Dieu l'avertira de la menace d'Hérode, il n'hésitera pas à voyager pour émigrer en Égypte (cf. Mt 2, 13-15). Et ce n’est qu’une fois le danger passé, qu’il ramènera la famille à Nazareth, où il sera le premier éducateur de Jésus enfant et adolescent. Joseph portait dans son cœur le grand mystère qui enveloppait Jésus et Marie son épouse, et, en homme juste, il s’est toujours confié à la volonté de Dieu et l’a mise en pratique.

8. Le cœur de la crèche commence à battre quand, à Noël, nous y déposons le santon de l'Enfant Jésus. Dieu se présente ainsi, dans un enfant, pour être accueilli dans nos bras. Dans la faiblesse et la fragilité, se cache son pouvoir qui crée et transforme tout. Cela semble impossible, mais c'est pourtant ainsi : en Jésus, Dieu a été un enfant et c’est dans cette condition qu’il a voulu révéler la grandeur de son amour qui se manifeste dans un sourire et dans l'extension de ses mains tendues vers tous.

La naissance d'un enfant suscite joie et émerveillement, car elle nous place devant le grand mystère de la vie. En voyant briller les yeux des jeunes mariés devant leur enfant nouveau-né, nous comprenons les sentiments de Marie et de Joseph qui, regardant l'Enfant Jésus, ont perçu la présence de Dieu dans leur vie.

«La vie s'est manifestée» ( 1Jn 1, 2) : c'est ainsi que l'Apôtre Jean résume le mystère de l'Incarnation. La crèche nous fait voir, nous fait toucher cet événement unique et extraordinaire qui a changé le cours de l'histoire et à partir duquel la numérotation des années, avant et après la naissance du Christ, en est également ordonnée.

La manière d'agir de Dieu est presque une question de transmission, car il semble impossible qu’il renonce à sa gloire pour devenir un homme comme nous. Quelle surprise de voir Dieu adopter nos propres comportements : il dort, il tète le lait de sa mère, il pleure et joue comme tous les enfants! Comme toujours, Dieu déconcerte, il est imprévisible et continuellement hors de nos plans. Ainsi la crèche, tout en nous montrant comment Dieu est entré dans le monde, nous pousse à réfléchir sur notre vie insérée dans celle de Dieu ; elle nous invite à devenir ses disciples si nous voulons atteindre le sens ultime de la vie.

9. Lorsque s’approche la fête de l'Épiphanie, nous ajoutons dans la crèche les trois santons des Rois Mages. Observant l'étoile, ces sages et riches seigneurs de l'Orient, s'étaient mis en route vers Bethléem pour connaître Jésus et lui offrir comme présent de l'or, de l'encens et de la myrrhe. Ces dons ont aussi une signification allégorique : l'or veut honorer la royauté de Jésus ; l'encens sa divinité; la myrrhe sa sainte humanité qui connaîtra la mort et la sépulture.

En regardant la scène de la crèche, nous sommes appelés à réfléchir sur la responsabilité de tout chrétien à être évangélisateur. Chacun de nous devient porteur de la Bonne Nouvelle pour ceux qu'il rencontre, témoignant, par des actions concrètes de miséricorde, de la joie d'avoir rencontré Jésus et son amour.

Les Mages nous enseignent qu'on peut partir de très loin pour rejoindre le Christ. Ce sont des hommes riches, des étrangers sages, assoiffés d'infinis, qui entreprennent un long et dangereux voyage qui les a conduits jusqu’à Bethléem (cf. Mt 2, 1-12). Une grande joie les envahit devant l'Enfant Roi. Ils ne se laissent pas scandaliser par la pauvreté de l'environnement ; ils n'hésitent pas à se mettre à genoux et à l'adorer. Devant lui, ils comprennent que, tout comme Dieu règle avec une souveraine sagesse le mouvement des astres, ainsi guide-t-il le cours de l'histoire, abaissant les puissants et élevant les humbles. Et certainement que, de retour dans leur pays, ils auront partagé cette rencontre surprenante avec le Messie, inaugurant le voyage de l'Évangile parmi les nations.

10. Devant la crèche, notre esprit se rappelle volontiers notre enfance, quand nous attendions avec impatience le moment de pouvoir commencer à la mettre en place. Ces souvenirs nous poussent à prendre de plus en plus conscience du grand don qui nous a été fait par la transmission de la foi ; et en même temps, ils nous font sentir le devoir et la joie de faire participer nos enfants et nos petits-enfants à cette même expérience. La façon d’installer la mangeoire n'est pas importante, elle peut toujours être la même ou être différente chaque année ; ce qui compte c'est que cela soit signifiant pour notre vie. Partout, et sous différentes formes, la crèche parle de l'amour de Dieu, le Dieu qui s’est fait enfant pour nous dire combien il est proche de chaque être humain, quelle que soit sa condition.

Chers frères et sœurs, la crèche fait partie du processus doux et exigeant de la transmission de la foi. Dès l'enfance et ensuite à chaque âge de la vie, elle nous apprend à contempler Jésus, à ressentir l'amour de Dieu pour nous, à vivre et à croire que Dieu est avec nous et que nous sommes avec lui, tous fils et frères grâce à cet Enfant qui est Fils de Dieu et de la Vierge Marie; et à éprouver en cela le bonheur. À l'école de saint François, ouvrons notre cœur à cette grâce simple et laissons surgir de l'émerveillement une humble prière : notre "merci" à Dieu qui a voulu tout partager avec nous afin de ne jamais nous laisser seuls.

Donné à Greccio, au Sanctuaire de la crèche, le 1 er décembre 2019, la septième année de mon Pontificat.

FRANÇOIS

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[1] Thomas de Celano, Vita Prima , n. 84: Sources franciscaines ( FF ), n. 468. [2] Cf. ibid ., n. 85: FF , n. 469. [3] Ibid. , n. 86: FF , n. 470.

[01938-FR.01] [Texte original: Italien]

Traduzione in lingua inglese

APOSTOLIC LETTER Admirabile signum OF THE HOLY FATHER FRANCIS ON THE MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF THE NATIVITY SCENE

1. The enchanting image of the Christmas crèche, so dear to the Christian people, never ceases to arouse amazement and wonder. The depiction of Jesus’ birth is itself a simple and joyful proclamation of the mystery of the Incarnation of the Son of God. The nativity scene is like a living Gospel rising up from the pages of sacred Scripture. As we contemplate the Christmas story, we are invited to set out on a spiritual journey, drawn by the humility of the God who became man in order to encounter every man and woman. We come to realize that so great is his love for us that he became one of us, so that we in turn might become one with him.

With this Letter, I wish to encourage the beautiful family tradition of preparing the nativity scene in the days before Christmas, but also the custom of setting it up in the workplace, in schools, hospitals, prisons and town squares. Great imagination and creativity is always shown in employing the most diverse materials to create small masterpieces of beauty. As children, we learn from our parents and grandparents to carry on this joyful tradition, which encapsulates a wealth of popular piety. It is my hope that this custom will never be lost and that, wherever it has fallen into disuse, it can be rediscovered and revived.

2. The origin of the Christmas crèche is found above all in certain details of Jesus’ birth in Bethlehem, as related in the Gospels. The evangelist Luke says simply that Mary “gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn” (2:7). Because Jesus was laid in a manger, the nativity scene is known in Italian as a presepe , from the Latin word praesepium , meaning “manger”.

Coming into this world, the Son of God was laid in the place where animals feed. Hay became the first bed of the One who would reveal himself as “the bread come down from heaven” ( Jn 6:41). Saint Augustine, with other Church Fathers, was impressed by this symbolism: “Laid in a manger, he became our food” ( Sermon 189, 4). Indeed, the nativity scene evokes a number of the mysteries of Jesus’ life and brings them close to our own daily lives.

But let us go back to the origins of the Christmas crèche so familiar to us. We need to imagine ourselves in the little Italian town of Greccio, near Rieti. Saint Francis stopped there, most likely on his way back from Rome where on 29 November 1223 he had received the confirmation of his Rule from Pope Honorius III. Francis had earlier visited the Holy Land, and the caves in Greccio reminded him of the countryside of Bethlehem. It may also be that the “Poor Man of Assisi” had been struck by the mosaics in the Roman Basilica of Saint Mary Major depicting the birth of Jesus, close to the place where, according to an ancient tradition, the wooden panels of the manger are preserved.

The Franciscan Sources describe in detail what then took place in Greccio. Fifteen days before Christmas, Francis asked a local man named John to help him realize his desire “to bring to life the memory of that babe born in Bethlehem, to see as much as possible with my own bodily eyes the discomfort of his infant needs, how he lay in a manger, and how, with an ox and an ass standing by, he was laid upon a bed of hay”. [1] At this, his faithful friend went immediately to prepare all that the Saint had asked. On 25December, friars came to Greccio from various parts, together with people from the farmsteads in the area, who brought flowers and torches to light up that holy night. When Francis arrived, he found a manger full of hay, an ox and a donkey. All those present experienced a new and indescribable joy in the presence of the Christmas scene. The priest then solemnly celebrated the Eucharist over the manger, showing the bond between the Incarnation of the Son of God and the Eucharist. At Greccio there were no statues; the nativity scene was enacted and experienced by all who were present. [2]

This is how our tradition began: with everyone gathered in joy around the cave, with no distance between the original event and those sharing in its mystery.

Thomas of Celano, the first biographer of Saint Francis, notes that this simple and moving scene was accompanied by the gift of a marvellous vision: one of those present saw the Baby Jesus himself lying in the manger. From the nativity scene of that Christmas in 1223, “everyone went home with joy”. [3]

3. With the simplicity of that sign, Saint Francis carried out a great work of evangelization. His teaching touched the hearts of Christians and continues today to offer a simple yet authentic means of portraying the beauty of our faith. Indeed, the place where this first nativity scene was enacted expresses and evokes these sentiments. Greccio has become a refuge for the soul, a mountain fastness wrapped in silence.

Why does the Christmas crèche arouse such wonder and move us so deeply? First, because it shows God’s tender love: the Creator of the universe lowered himself to take up our littleness. The gift of life, in all its mystery, becomes all the more wondrous as we realize that the Son of Mary is the source and sustenance of all life. In Jesus, the Father has given us a brother who comes to seek us out whenever we are confused or lost, a loyal friend ever at our side. He gave us his Son who forgives us and frees us from our sins.

Setting up the Christmas crèche in our homes helps us to relive the history of what took place in Bethlehem. Naturally, the Gospels remain our source for understanding and reflecting on that event. At the same time, its portrayal in the crèche helps us to imagine the scene. It touches our hearts and makes us enter into salvation history as contemporaries of an event that is living and real in a broad gamut of historical and cultural contexts.

In a particular way, from the time of its Franciscan origins, the nativity scene has invited us to “feel” and “touch” the poverty that God’s Son took upon himself in the Incarnation. Implicitly, it summons us to follow him along the path of humility, poverty and self-denial that leads from the manger of Bethlehem to the cross. It asks us to meet him and serve him by showing mercy to those of our brothers and sisters in greatest need (cf. Mt 25:31-46).

4. I would like now to reflect on the various elements of the nativity scene in order to appreciate their deeper meaning. First, there is the background of a starry sky wrapped in the darkness and silence of night. We represent this not only out of fidelity to the Gospel accounts, but also for its symbolic value. We can think of all those times in our lives when we have experienced the darkness of night. Yet even then, God does not abandon us, but is there to answer our crucial questions about the meaning of life. Who am I? Where do I come from? Why was I born at this time in history? Why do I love? Why do I suffer? Why will I die? It was to answer these questions that God became man. His closeness brings light where there is darkness and shows the way to those dwelling in the shadow of suffering (cf. Lk 1:79).

The landscapes that are part of the nativity scene also deserve some mention. Frequently they include the ruins of ancient houses or buildings, which in some instances replace the cave of Bethlehem and become a home for the Holy Family. These ruins appear to be inspired by the thirteenth-century Golden Legend of the Dominican Jacobus de Varagine, which relates a pagan belief that the Temple of Peace in Rome would collapse when a Virgin gave birth. More than anything, the ruins are the visible sign of fallen humanity, of everything that inevitably falls into ruin, decays and disappoints. This scenic setting tells us that Jesus is newness in the midst of an aging world, that he has come to heal and rebuild, to restore the world and our lives to their original splendour.

5. With what emotion should we arrange the mountains, streams, sheep and shepherds in the nativity scene! As we do so, we are reminded that, as the prophets had foretold, all creation rejoices in the coming of the Messiah. The angels and the guiding star are a sign that we too are called to set out for the cave and to worship the Lord.

“Let us go over to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us” ( Lk 2:15). So the shepherds tell one another after the proclamation of the angels. A beautiful lesson emerges from these simple words. Unlike so many other people, busy about many things, the shepherds become the first to see the most essential thing of all: the gift of salvation. It is the humble and the poor who greet the event of the Incarnation. The shepherds respond to God who comes to meet us in the Infant Jesus by setting out to meet him with love, gratitude and awe. Thanks to Jesus, this encounter between God and his children gives birth to our religion and accounts for its unique beauty, so wonderfully evident in the nativity scene.

6. It is customary to add many symbolic figures to our nativity scenes. First, there are the beggars and the others who know only the wealth of the heart. They too have every right to draw near to the Infant Jesus; no one can evict them or send them away from a crib so makeshift that the poor seem entirely at home. Indeed, the poor are a privileged part of this mystery; often they are the first to recognize God’s presence in our midst.

The presence of the poor and the lowly in the nativity scene remind us that God became man for the sake of those who feel most in need of his love and who ask him to draw near to them. Jesus, “gentle and humble in heart” ( Mt 11 :29), was born in poverty and led a simple life in order to teach us to recognize what is essential and to act accordingly. The nativity scene clearly teaches that we cannot let ourselves be fooled by wealth and fleeting promises of happiness. We see Herod’s palace in the background, closed and deaf to the tidings of joy. By being born in a manger, God himself launches the only true revolution that can give hope and dignity to the disinherited and the outcast: the revolution of love, the revolution of tenderness. From the manger, Jesus proclaims, in a meek yet powerful way, the need for sharing with the poor as the path to a more human and fraternal world in which no one is excluded or marginalized.

Children – but adults too! – often love to add to the nativity scene other figures that have no apparent connection with the Gospel accounts. Yet, each in its own way, these fanciful additions show that in the new world inaugurated by Jesus there is room for whatever is truly human and for all God’s creatures. From the shepherd to the blacksmith, from the baker to the musicians, from the women carrying jugs of water to the children at play: all this speaks of the everyday holiness, the joy of doing ordinary things in an extraordinary way, born whenever Jesus shares his divine life with us.

7. Gradually, we come to the cave, where we find the figures of Mary and Joseph. Mary is a mother who contemplates her child and shows him to every visitor. The figure of Mary makes us reflect on the great mystery that surrounded this young woman when God knocked on the door of her immaculate heart. Mary responded in complete obedience to the message of the angel who asked her to become the Mother of God. Her words, “Behold I am the handmaid of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word” ( Lk 1:38), show all of us how to abandon ourselves in faith to God’s will. By her “fiat”, Mary became the mother of God’s Son, not losing but, thanks to him, consecrating her virginity. In her, we see the Mother of God who does not keep her Son only to herself, but invites everyone to obey his word and to put it into practice (cf. Jn 2:5).

At Mary’s side, shown protecting the Child and his Mother, stands Saint Joseph. He is usually depicted with staff in hand, or holding up a lamp. Saint Joseph plays an important role in the life of Jesus and Mary. He is the guardian who tirelessly protects his family. When God warned him of Herod’s threat, he did not hesitate to set out and flee to Egypt (cf. Mt 2:13-15). And once the danger had passed, he brought the family back to Nazareth, where he was to be the first teacher of Jesus as a boy and then as a young man. Joseph treasured in his heart the great mystery surrounding Jesus and Mary his spouse; as a just man, he entrusted himself always to God’s will, and put it into practice.

8. When, at Christmas, we place the statue of the Infant Jesus in the manger, the nativity scene suddenly comes alive. God appears as a child, for us to take into our arms. Beneath weakness and frailty, he conceals his power that creates and transforms all things. It seems impossible, yet it is true: in Jesus, God was a child, and in this way he wished to reveal the greatness of his love: by smiling and opening his arms to all.

The birth of a child awakens joy and wonder; it sets before us the great mystery of life. Seeing the bright eyes of a young couple gazing at their newborn child, we can understand the feelings of Mary and Joseph who, as they looked at the Infant Jesus, sensed God’s presence in their lives.

“Life was made manifest” ( 1 Jn 1:2). In these words, the Apostle John sums up the mystery of the Incarnation. The crèche allows us to see and touch this unique and unparalleled event that changed the course of history, so that time would thereafter be reckoned either before or after the birth of Christ.

God’s ways are astonishing, for it seems impossible that he should forsake his glory to become a man like us. To our astonishment, we see God acting exactly as we do: he sleeps, takes milk from his mother, cries and plays like every other child! As always, God baffles us. He is unpredictable, constantly doing what we least expect. The nativity scene shows God as he came into our world, but it also makes us reflect on how our life is part of God’s own life. It invites us to become his disciples if we want to attain ultimate meaning in life.

9. As the feast of Epiphany approaches, we place the statues of the Three Kings in the Christmas crèche. Observing the star, those wise men from the East set out for Bethlehem, in order to find Jesus and to offer him their gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. These costly gifts have an allegorical meaning: gold honours Jesus’ kingship, incense his divinity, myrrh his sacred humanity that was to experience death and burial.

As we contemplate this aspect of the nativity scene, we are called to reflect on the responsibility of every Christian to spread the Gospel. Each of us is called to bear glad tidings to all, testifying by our practical works of mercy to the joy of knowing Jesus and his love.

The Magi teach us that people can come to Christ by a very long route. Men of wealth, sages from afar, athirst for the infinite, they set out on the long and perilous journey that would lead them to Bethlehem (cf. Mt 2:1-12). Great joy comes over them in the presence of the Infant King. They are not scandalized by the poor surroundings, but immediately fall to their knees to worship him. Kneeling before him, they understand that the God who with sovereign wisdom guides the course of the stars also guides the course of history, casting down the mighty and raising up the lowly. Upon their return home, they would certainly have told others of this amazing encounter with the Messiah, thus initiating the spread of the Gospel among the nations.

10. Standing before the Christmas crèche, we are reminded of the time when we were children, eagerly waiting to set it up. These memories make us all the more conscious of the precious gift received from those who passed on the faith to us. At the same time, they remind us of our duty to share this same experience with our children and our grandchildren. It does not matter how the nativity scene is arranged: it can always be the same or it can change from year to year. What matters is that it speaks to our lives. Wherever it is, and whatever form it takes, the Christmas crèche speaks to us of the love of God, the God who became a child in order to make us know how close he is to every man, woman and child, regardless of their condition.

Dear brothers and sisters, the Christmas crèche is part of the precious yet demanding process of passing on the faith. Beginning in childhood, and at every stage of our lives, it teaches us to contemplate Jesus, to experience God’s love for us, to feel and believe that God is with us and that we are with him, his children, brothers and sisters all, thanks to that Child who is the Son of God and the Son of the Virgin Mary. And to realize that in that knowledge we find true happiness. Like Saint Francis, may we open our hearts to this simple grace, so that from our wonderment a humble prayer may arise: a prayer of thanksgiving to God, who wished to share with us his all, and thus never to leave us alone.

Given in Greccio, at the Shrine of the Nativity, on 1 December in the year 2019, the seventh of my Pontificate.

FRANCIS

___________________

[1] Cf. Thomas of Celano, First Life , 84; Franciscan Sources , 469. [2] Ibid., 85; Franciscan Sources , 469. [3] Ibid . , 86: Franciscan Sources , 470.

[01938-EN.01] [Original text: Italian]

Traduzione in lingua tedesca

APOSTOLISCHES SCHREIBEN Admirabile signum DES HEILIGEN VATERS PAPST FRANZISKUS ÜBER DIE BEDEUTUNG UND DEN WERT DER WEIHNACHTSKRIPPE

1. Das wunderbare Zeichen der Krippe, die dem christlichen Volk so sehr am Herzen liegt, weckt immer wieder neu Staunen und Verwunderung. Das Ereignis der Geburt Jesu darzustellen bedeutet, das Geheimnis der Menschwerdung des Sohnes Gottes mit Einfachheit und Freude zu verkünden. Die Krippe ist in der Tat wie ein lebendiges Evangelium, das aus den Seiten der Heiligen Schrift hervortritt. Wenn wir über die Weihnachtsszene nachdenken, sind wir eingeladen, uns geistlich auf den Weg zu machen, uns anziehen zu lassen von der Demut des Einen, der Mensch wurde, um jedem Menschen zu begegnen. Und wir entdecken, dass er uns so sehr liebt, dass er sich mit uns vereint, damit auch wir uns mit ihm vereinen können.

Mit diesem Schreiben möchte ich die schöne Tradition in unseren Familien stützen, in den Tagen vor Weihnachten eine Krippe aufzubauen, als auch den guten Brauch, sie am Arbeitsplatz, in Schulen, Krankenhäusern, Gefängnissen, auf öffentlichen Plätzen usw. aufzustellen. In wirklich kreativem Einfallsreichtum entstehen aus den unterschiedlichsten Materialien kleine Meisterwerke, die sehr schön anzusehen sind. Schon als Kind wächst man da hinein, wenn Vater und Mutter zusammen mit den Großeltern diesen freudigen Brauch weitervermitteln, der aus einer reichen Volksfrömmigkeit schöpft. Ich hoffe, dass dieses Brauchtum nie vergeht; im Gegenteil, ich hoffe, dass es dort, wo es nicht mehr gepflegt wird, wiederentdeckt und neu belebt werden kann.

2. Die Krippe geht in ihrem Ursprung vor allem auf einige in den Evangelien beschriebene Details der Geburt Jesu in Betlehem zurück. Beim Evangelisten Lukas heißt es einfach: Maria »gebar ihren Sohn, den Erstgeborenen. Sie wickelte ihn in Windeln und legte ihn in eine Krippe, weil in der Herberge kein Platz für sie war« (2,7). Jesus wird in eine Futterkrippe gelegt (lateinisch praesepium ), die der Weihnachtskrippe den Namen gibt.

Bei seinem Kommen in diese Welt findet der Sohn Gottes Platz, wo die Tiere ihr Futter fressen. Das Heu wird zur ersten Liegestatt für den, der sich als »das Brot, das vom Himmel herabgekommen ist« ( Joh 6,41), offenbaren wird. Auf diese Symbolik bezog sich der heilige Augustinus, wie andere Kirchenväter auch, wenn er schrieb: »Er lag in einer Krippe und wurde zu unserer Speise« ( Sermo 189,4). Tatsächlich enthält die Krippe mehrere Geheimnisse des Lebens Jesu und bringt sie unserem Alltagsleben näher.

Aber kommen wir sogleich zum Ursprung der Krippe, wie wir sie kennen. Wir begeben uns im Geist nach Greccio im Rieti-Tal; der heilige Franziskus hielt sich dort auf, als er wohl von Rom kam, wo er am 29. November 1223 von Papst Honorius III. die Bestätigung seiner Ordensregel erhalten hatte. Nach seiner Reise ins Heilige Land erinnerten ihn die dortigen Höhlen auf besondere Weise an die Landschaft von Betlehem. Und es ist möglich, dass den Poverello von Assisi in Rom die Mosaiken der Basilika Santa Maria Maggiore mit der Darstellung der Geburt Jesu beeindruckt hatten, die sich in direkter Nähe zu dem Ort befinden, wo nach alter Überlieferung Teile der Krippe Jesu aufbewahrt werden.

Die Franziskus-Quellen berichten ausführlich, was in Greccio geschehen ist. Fünfzehn Tage vor Weihnachten rief Franziskus einen Einheimischen namens Johannes zu sich und bat ihn um seine Mithilfe bei der Verwirklichung eines Wunsches: »Ich möchte nämlich das Gedächtnis an jenes Kind begehen, das in Betlehem geboren wurde, und ich möchte die bittere Not, die es schon als kleines Kind zu leiden hatte, wie es in eine Krippe gelegt, an der Ochs und Esel standen, und wie es auf Heu gebettet wurde, so greifbar als möglich mit leiblichen Augen schauen.« [1] Gleich nachdem er dieses Anliegen vernommen hatte, ging der treue Freund los, um am vorgesehenen Ort alles Notwendige entsprechend dem Wunsch des Heiligen vorzubereiten. Am 25. Dezember kamen viele Brüder aus verschiedenen Gegenden nach Greccio, und es kamen auch Männer und Frauen von den umliegenden Höfen mit Blumen und Fackeln, um diese heilige Nacht zu erleuchten. Als Franziskus ankam, fand er die Krippe mit dem Heu, dem Ochsen und dem Esel. Der Anblick der Weihnachtsszene erfüllte die herbeigeeilten Menschen mit unsagbarer, nie zuvor erlebter Freude. Dann feierte der Priester über der Krippe feierlich die Eucharistie und machte so die Verbindung zwischen der Menschwerdung des Sohnes Gottes und der Eucharistie sichtbar. Bei dieser Gelegenheit kamen in Greccio keine Figuren zum Einsatz: Die Anwesenden selbst stellten die Krippenszene dar und erlebten sie. [2]

So entstand unsere Tradition, als alle um die Grotte versammelt waren, von Freude erfüllt und ohne Distanz zwischen dem stattfindenden Geschehen und denen, die zu Teilnehmern an diesem Geheimnis wurden.

Der erste Biograph des heiligen Franziskus, Thomas von Celano, erinnert daran, dass zu der einfachen und berührenden Szene in jener Nacht noch das Geschenk einer wunderbaren Vision hinzukam: Einer der Anwesenden sah das Jesuskind selbst in der Krippe liegen. An diesem Weihnachtsfest im Jahr 1223 kehrte ein jeder »in seliger Freude nach Hause zurück«. [3]

3. Der heilige Franziskus hat mit der Schlichtheit dieses Zeichens ein großes Werk der Evangelisierung vollbracht. Seine Lehre ist in das Herz der Christen eingedrungen und bleibt bis in unsere Tage ein authentischer Weg, um die Schönheit unseres Glaubens auf schlichte Weise neu darzulegen. Im Übrigen bringt auch der Ort der ersten Krippendarstellung selbst diese Gefühle zum Ausdruck und ruft sie hervor. Greccio wird zu einem Zufluchtsort für die Seele, die sich auf dem Felsen verbirgt, um sich von der Stille umhüllen zu lassen.

Warum bewegt uns die Krippe und bringt uns derart zum Staunen? Vor allem weil sie Gottes Zärtlichkeit offenbart. Er, der Schöpfer des Alls, begibt sich zu uns hernieder. Das Geschenk des Lebens, an sich schon stets ein Geheimnis für uns, fasziniert uns umso mehr, wenn wir sehen, dass er, der aus Maria geboren wurde, die Quelle und der Halt allen Lebens ist. In Jesus hat uns der Vater einen Bruder geschenkt, der kommt, um uns zu suchen, wenn wir orientierungslos sind und die Richtung verlieren; einen treuen Freund, der uns immer nahe ist; er hat uns seinen Sohn geschenkt, der uns vergibt und aus aller Sünde erlöst.

Das Aufbauen der Krippe in unseren Häusern hilft uns dabei, die Geschichte, die sich in Betlehem zugetragen hat, neu zu erleben. Natürlich bleiben die Evangelien immer die Quelle, die uns ermöglicht, mit diesem Ereignis vertraut zu werden und es zu betrachten. Und doch sind die Krippendarstellungen eine Hilfe, sich die Szenen vorzustellen; sie wecken unsere Zuneigung und laden uns ein, uns in die Heilsgeschichte einbezogen zu fühlen und dieses Ereignis mitzuerleben, das in den verschiedensten historischen und kulturellen Kontexten lebendig und aktuell ist.

Von ihren franziskanischen Ursprüngen her ist die Krippe in besonderer Weise eine Einladung, die Armut zu „fühlen“ und zu „berühren“, die der Sohn Gottes bei seiner Menschwerdung für sich gewählt hat. Und so ist sie implizit ein Appell, ihm auf dem Weg der Demut, Armut und Entäußerung zu folgen, der von der Futterkrippe in Betlehem zum Kreuz führt. Sie ist ein Aufruf, ihm in den bedürftigsten Brüdern und Schwestern zu begegnen und in Barmherzigkeit zu dienen (vgl. Mt 25,31-46).

4. Ich möchte nun die verschiedenen Zeichen der Krippe durchgehen, um die in ihnen enthaltene Bedeutung herauszustellen. Beim Aufbauen beginnen wir zunächst mit dem Hintergrund des Sternenhimmels in der Dunkelheit und Stille der Nacht. Wir tun das nicht nur aus Treue zu den Evangelienberichten, sondern auch aufgrund der dieser Umgebung innewohnenden Bedeutung. Denken wir daran, wie oft Nacht unser Leben umgibt. Nun, selbst in solchen Momenten lässt Gott uns nicht allein, sondern kommt zu uns, um den entscheidenden Fragen nach dem Sinn unserer Existenz eine Antwort zu geben: Wer bin ich? Woher komme ich? Warum wurde ich in diese Zeit hineingeboren? Warum liebe ich? Warum leide ich? Warum werde ich sterben? Um auf diese Fragen eine Antwort zu geben, wurde Gott Mensch. Seine Nähe bringt Licht in die Finsternis und erleuchtet alle, die durch das Dunkel des Leidens gehen (vgl
          

Apple detectives track down trees for history, biodiversity

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Tous les mercredis c’est soirée française chez Bagatelle à New York

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Bagatelle apporte la joie de vivre à la française à Meatpacking District.
          

Oursainsburys and Mysainsburys Login: Employee Benefits Administration Outsourcing

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Do you maintain a business that utilizes various staff? On the off chance that you do have staff, how would you perceive and remunerate them for the work they do? In the event that you don’t or on the off chance that you battle to do this there is an answer – Outsourcing.

So as to comprehend what worker benefits organization re-appropriating is given us initial a chance to get some lucidity on the expressions “representative advantages”, “organization”, and “re-appropriating.” Employee advantages, or representative prizes alludes to a wide range of additional advantages, which a representative gets from his boss above or notwithstanding the pay or pay. These advantages are given so as to inspire workers, guarantee an extra degree of financial security, and in a roundabout way urge representatives to assume on greater liability, and improve relations among staff and the board. Instances of advantages incorporate various kinds of medical coverage, retirement plans, migration programs, pay of instruction, excursions, additional days off, free cooking and wellness, etc.

Organization in its general importance alludes to the way toward overseeing or regulating specific parts of a business or some other kind of action inside an association, organization, or government foundation. The organization of worker rewards is the way toward dealing with every one of the capacities and procedures identified with remunerating representative inside a specific association. Representative prizes organization may incorporate exercises, for example, building up a technique for the usage of worker rewards, characterizing specific choices to be offered to workers as advantages, and setting up and overseeing associations with representative advantages suppliers, for example, insurance agencies retailers and travel organizations.

Presently, lets investigate what redistributing is. Re-appropriating implies the way toward assigning the execution of certain business capacities to an outsider or outer supplier as opposed to having them done by in-house staff. Since we are sure about the above definitions we can comprehend that worker oursainsburys benefits organization redistributing is a specific plan of action, when a specific association gets an outer particular organization to deal with every one of the viewpoints connected to representative advantages.

Redistributing by and large is viewed as a proficient and cost-sparing technique for playing out certain business capacities, which are essential yet not a standard for an organization. Henceforth, redistributing the organization of representative prizes is an insightful method to oversee worker benefits programs. Getting a worker specialist co-op, represented considerable authority in the organization of representative prizes programs, can bring a business genuine feelings of serenity in every one of the viewpoints concerning representative advantages in the association. It guarantees that all the important variables are sufficiently considered, assessed and actualized, and accordingly gives a business more opportunity to concentrate on their principle business exercises.…


          

Marche, assestamento di Bilancio di previsione 2019 – 2021: diminuito il debito

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Fabrizio Cesetti nuovo presidente UPI Marche

“Un assestamento che risponde alle esigenze più urgenti dei territori e che grazie ad un bilancio solido dà risposte adeguate ai cittadini”: cosi l’assessore al Bilancio, Fabrizio Cesetti, oggi in Consiglio regionale per l’approvazione della legge di assestamento di Bilancio di previsione 2019 – 2021. Assestamento che, nonostante la riduzione delle entrate tributarie, riesce a garantire oltre alle spese obbligatorie, anche le inderogabili del 2019 assicurando la stabilità della spesa. “Siamo riusciti infatti – aggiunge Cesetti - a predisporre un assestamento con segno positivo grazie ad una rivisitazione di tutte le poste di bilancio in stretto collegamento con le strutture regionali competenti. Abbiamo inoltre dovuto attendere il delinearsi del quadro nazionale per capire come si prospetta il 2020 e individuare così le rimodulazioni possibili nel 2019”. Sono stati stanziati fondi, in relazione al triennio 2019-2021, per queste principali finalità: per i trasporti oltre 8 milioni di euro per gli oneri relativi al trasporto pubblico locale, ai quali si aggiungono ulteriori 18 milioni di euro, oggetto di un emendamento presentato oggi in commissione, per la copertura di un contratto con Trenitalia spa. Per ERDIS: 5,28 milioni di euro ai quali si aggiungono ulteriori 682 mila euro, oggetto di un emendamento presentato oggi in commissione per la copertura degli oneri di gestione. Per ambiente e territorio 1 milione di euro per le aree protette e 1 milione per la difesa della costa. Per la polizia locale: 1,35 milioni di euro. Inoltre, contributi per le Unioni montane 900 mila euro; al turismo circa 700 mila euro. Per quanto riguarda la voce salute sono stati stanziati 561 mila euro per i danneggiati da emotrasfusioni. Ai centri di educazione permanente 350 mila euro di contributi e per l’istruzione circa 120 mila euro. “Il tutto – aggiunge l’assessore - garantendo il mantenimento degli equilibri di bilancio, come certificato dalla Corte dei conti e dall’agenzia di rating Fitch che, pur attribuendo alla Regione un rating limitato dal rating della Repubblica italiana, pari a BBB, riconosce un profilo di credito ‘stand alone’ pari a ‘AA-‘. L’agenzia, in particolare, ha considerato come punti qualificanti il debito di entità modesta e fortemente sostenibile e il buon livello di liquidità. Ha inoltre sottolineato, soprattutto con riferimento alla sanità, la gestione efficiente delle risorse, che consente alla Regione Marche di fornire servizi pubblici di buona qualità”. Mentre il debito italiano nel periodo 2015 al 2018 è cresciuto del 6,8%, rileva Cesetti, quello delle Marche è invece diminuito del 31,8% (- 332 milioni). Anche la pressione fiscale dei marchigiani si è abbassata mentre le agevolazioni fiscali sono rimaste intatte, tanto che la nostra è una delle regioni dove il fisco pesa di meno. E’ stata cancellata l’accisa sui carburanti; esenzione Irap per le nuove imprese costituitesi nel 2016 e 2018, azzerato il bollo per le auto ecologiche e per il volontariato; il gettito tributario dei marchigiani è passato dai 95,70 milioni del 2014 ai 78,38 milioni del 2018. “Lasciamo al futuro conti in ordine all’interno di una forte progettualità che abbiamo messo in campo per fronteggiare le tante crisi che hanno colpito la nostra regione, su tutte il terremoto”.
          

Dutch Masters, They're Just Like Us: The Rembrandt Guide To Amsterdam

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Bloomberg, el nuevo rival demócrata de Trump, pone de su bolsillo el dinero que EEUU retiró para la Cumbre del Clima

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Trump ha sacado oficialmente a EEUU del consenso climático. En términos de apoyo económico, esto se traduce en que a fecha del 30 de septiembre de 2019, el Gobierno de Washington no había pagado un solo dólar de la contribución de 5 millones que tiene asignada para el presupuesto de este año de la Convención Marco de Naciones Unidas sobre Cambio Climático (Unfccc), organizadora de la cumbre anual del clima, que este año se celebrará en Madrid desde este lunes al 13 de diciembre.

Extraoficialmente, Michael Bloomberg, el multimillonario que espera convertirse en el próximo presidente de EEUU tras las elecciones de 2020, ha llenado ese vacío. En 2019, su fundación, Bloomberg Philanthropies, ha donado a la principal organización de la ONU por el clima 5,5 millones de dólares. Más de lo que tenía asignado el Gobierno de EEUU.

Igual que ha ocurrido con la financiación, será el Partido Demócrata el que represente extraoficialmente a EEUU en la cumbre de Madrid, ya que nadie espera a Donald Trump y el Departamento de Estado ha confirmado que la delegación oficial estará compuesta por representantes de segunda fila, igual que ocurrió en 2018.

Por eso, el Partido Demócrata ha preparado una delegación de 16 congresistas presidida por Nancy Pelosi, presidenta de la Cámara de Representantes. El año pasado, EEUU mandó una delegación de 44 personas a la COP24, cuatro menos que en 2017 y menos de la mitad de los que fueron a París en 2015, según informa CarbonBrief

"EEUU hizo la promesa de cumplir los acuerdos adoptados en el Acuerdo de París y si el Gobierno federal no cumple con nuestra parte del trato, entonces el pueblo estadounidense debe hacerlo", señaló Bloomberg al anunciar su donación en abril de 2019. "Mientras alcaldes, gobernadores, empresarios y ciudadanos individuales trabajan para asegurar el cumplimiento de nuestros objetivos climáticos, nuestra fundación volverá a cubrir la diferencia de financiación federal a la ONU. Juntos, enviamos un mensaje alto y claro al resto del mundo: a pesar de lo que esté pasando en Washington, estamos con vosotros en esta lucha", añadió.

El Departamento de Estado de EEUU afirmó en su comunicado tras la cumbre del clima del año pasado, celebrada en Polonia, que "EEUU no va a asumir ninguna carga ni compromiso financiero en apoyo del Acuerdo de París y no permitirá que se utilicen los acuerdos climáticos como un vehículo para redistribuir la riqueza".

El multimillonario y exalcalde de Nueva York ejercía desde 2018 como enviado especial del secretario general de la ONU para la Acción por el Clima, pero dimitió el 11 de noviembre, unos días antes de hacer oficial su candidatura a la presidencia.

En 2018, EEUU también tenía asignados 5 millones de los cuales solo pagó 2,1. Entonces Bloomberg donó 4,5 millones para llegar a la cifra prevista. Según la fundación del multimillonario, la Administración Obama se comprometió a dar 15 millones para el ciclo 2018-2019 y Trump no lo ha cumplido.

Según informa la Unfccc en sus presupuestos, a fecha de 30 de septiembre, quedaban pendientes de pago 9,1 millones, de los cuales más de la mitad (55%) corresponden al impago estadounidense. En Europa, sin embargo, cinco de los seis principales países europeos (Alemania, Francia, Italia, España y Holanda) están entre los muchos países que han dado más dinero al presupuesto general del que inicialmente les fue asignado. Además los países también pueden financiar otros fondos de la organización como el de actividades suplementarias y el de participación (destinado a financiar los viajes a las cumbres climáticas a las delegaciones de países más pequeños). EEUU no aparece en ninguno de estos dos fondos en 2019.

Bloomberg ha donado los cinco millones al fondo de contribuciones suplementarias, que en 2019 ha recibido en total 15,6 millones de euros. En este fondo también están presentes otros actores no estatales, como el Banco Mundial (225.000 dólares), Iberdrola (56.883), BNP Paribas (45.584), Google (30.000) y Facebook (23.685).

La Unfcc, adoptada en 1992 y en vigor desde 1994, es el principal instrumento jurídico de respuesta internacional ante el reto del cambio climático y todos los Estados miembros de la ONU han firmado la convención. La Conferencia de las Partes (COP) es el principal órgano de la convención y es una asociación de todos los países que son partes de la misma. La COP se reúne anualmente y la de este año (COP25) comienza este lunes en Madrid.

Uno de los principales logros de la Unfccc ha sido la firma del Acuerdo de París en la COP de 2015. Sin embargo, EEUU anunció el 4 de noviembre su retirada oficial del acuerdo por "la injusta carga económica impuesta sobre los trabajadores, empresarios y contribuyentes de EEUU por las promesas realizadas bajo dicho acuerdo", tal y como afirmó el secretario de Estado Mike Pompeo.

EEUU se convertirá en el único país del mundo fuera del Acuerdo de París, pero todos los candidatos demócratas han prometido que si llegan a la presidencia volverán a adherirse al mismo.


          

Redis full page cache mobile theme detect

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Questions About You Must Know the Answers To

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How Massage Oil is Beckoning the Way of Remaining Strong People need to use the gift of nature to the fullest so that they can keep fit and fine with the care of nature. Such types of beliefs acted as a catalyst in founding health benefits. The secret of being well has been rediscovered here.…
          

Quicklisp news: November 2019 Quicklisp dist update now available

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New projects:
  • cacau — Test Runner in Common Lisp. — GPLv3
  • cl-elastic — Elasticsearch client for Common Lisp — MIT
  • cl-libiio — Common Lisp bindings for libiio. — GPLv3
  • cl-transmission — A Common Lisp library to interface with transmission using its rpc — MIT
  • dartscltools — More or less useful utilities — MIT
  • plain-odbc — a lisp wrapper around the ODBC library — BSD
  • sanity-clause — Sanity clause is a data contract and validation library. — LGPLv3
  • tfm — A TeX Font Metrics library for Common Lisp — BSD
  • tmpdir — Simple library to create temporary directories — MIT license
  • trivial-method-combinations — Portability library for accessing method combination objects — Unlicense
  • winlock — File locking using the Windows API. — MIT
  • with-user-abort — provides an easy way to catch ctrl+c. useful for making binaries. — BSD 3-Clause
Updated projectsaprilassert-passertion-errorasync-processbabelbordeaux-threadsbpceramicchameleonchanlcl+sslcl-asynccl-bnfcl-collidercl-dctcl-editdistancecl-environmentscl-fondcl-i18ncl-krakencl-kyoto-cabinetcl-lzmacl-naive-storecl-openglcl-patternscl-prevalencecl-pslibcl-rdkafkacl-rediscl-sdl2cl-smtpcl-storecl-strcl-tiledcl-tomlcl-torrentscloser-mopclsql-local-timeclssclxclx-xembedcoleslawcommon-lisp-actorsconfcroatoancurry-compose-reader-macrosdartsclhashtreedecltdeploydrakmadufyeager-future2eventbusfemlispfiascogendlgeneric-clgraphhornerhunchentoot-multi-acceptorjsownlakelet-pluslichat-protocollinear-programmingliterate-lisplyricsmagiclmaidenmarkupmcclimmetabang-bindmmapnodguinum-utilsoverlordparachuteparen6petalispphoe-toolboxpolisherpostmodernpy4clqbase64qt-libsqtoolsquilcquriqvmreplicroanrutilssc-extensionsscalplselserapeumshadowsimple-parallel-taskssimpletskeleton-creatorslystaplestatic-vectorsstudio-clientstumpwmswap-bytessxqlthe-cost-of-nothingtriviatrivial-benchmarktrivial-jumptablestrivial-package-local-nicknamestrivial-sshtype-rumbravernacularwoowookiexml-emitteryoutube.

To get this update, use: (ql:update-dist "quicklisp")
          

Accounting, Auditing: Financial Services Strategy Manager: Corporate and Business Strategy - New York, New York

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A career within Corporate and Business Strategy services, will provide you with the opportunity to help our clients solve their toughest problems and seize essential advantages by defining and evaluating strategies of all types. We analyse business and market trends to explore new approaches that help our clients make tough choices and surpass the competition. At both the business unit and corporate level, we help organisations with organic enterprise growth, pricing and profitability, shareholder value, and sustainable corporate strategies.ResponsibilitiesAs a Manager, you'll work as part of a team of problem solvers with extensive consulting and industry experience, helping our clients solve their complex business issues from strategy to execution. Specific responsibilities include but are not limited to:Proactively assist in the management of a portfolio of clients, while reporting to Senior Managers and aboveBe involved in the financial management of clientsBe actively involved in business development activities to help identify and research opportunities on new/existing clientsContribute to the development of your own and team's technical acumenDevelop strategies to solve complex technical challengesAssist in the management and delivering of large projectsTrain, coach, and supervise staffKeep up to date with local and national business and economic issuesContinue to develop internal relationships and your PwC brandPreferred skillsDemonstrates extensive knowledge of and/or success in professional services or corporate roles, helping companies define and evaluate corporate and business unit strategies and investment portfolios, reflecting market, competitive and other external drivers. Specific areas of focus include:Corporate StrategyBusiness StrategyDeals StrategyDigital StrategyNot for Profit StrategyDemonstrates extensive leadership, strategic and creative thinking, problem solving, individual initiative, and the following abilities:Building productive and collaborative relationships with team members and proactively providing and seeking guidance, clarification and feedbackManaging a team to a successful project conclusion through problem solving global, enterprise-wide strategy issuesIdentifying and addressing client needs: building, maintaining, and utilizing networks of client relationshipsCommunicating effectively in an organized and knowledgeable manner in written and verbal formatsConducting and managing market research and quantitative and qualitative analyses, including the timely synthesis of complex data into meaningful insights and the ability to readily grasp analytical frameworks and employ them effectively to either qualitative or quantitative evidence.All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment at PwC without regard to race; creed; color; religion; national origin; sex; age; disability; sexual orientation; gender identity or expression; genetic predisposition or carrier status; veteran, marital, or citizenship status; or any other status protected by law. PwC is proud to be an affirmative action and equal opportunity employer. For positions based in San Francisco, consideration of qualified candidates with arrest and conviction records will be in a manner consistent with the San Francisco Fair Chance Ordinance. ()
          

Episodio 14. Los Derechos de la infancia y educar en la solidaridad

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Nuevo episodio en el Podcast de Educar en Calma y esta vez tengo el honor de contar con la presencia de Diana Valcárcel, Directora de Comunicación en Unicef que, con mucho cariño y predisposición quiso participar en esta grabación del episodio y que ha tenido a bien compartir sus experiencias para explicarnos un poco más qué se hace en Unicef, cómo es trabajar en una emergencia y cuánto podemos ayudar educando en la solidaridad a nuestros pequeños. Aprovechamos para emitir este episodio en una fecha muy especial: hoy se celebran 30 años de la Declaración de los Derechos de la infancia. Seguiremos trabajando para cambiar la mirada hacia la infancia y darles lo que merecen: dignidad, respeto, amor y oportunidades para vivir.

Realiza el test en mi web (http://bit.do/educarencalmatest) y conoce Educar en calma.

Accede hoy a todos mis cursos online http://bit.do/educarencalmacursos:
-> Disciplina positiva para parejas
-> Disciplina positiva para familias
-> Educar sin gritos

¡Reserva tu sesión gratuita de asesoría familiar! http://bit.do/educarencalmasesioninicial
          

​Pneumonia in Livestock

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pneumoniaIt is an inflammation of the lungs.Animals attacked include Calves, kids, lambs, piglets and poultry.Cause:Bacteria (Mycoplasma mycoides) dust worms in the lungs.Predisposing causesPoor ventilationLack of enough oxygenOvercrowdingAge- young animals are more prone to the diseaseEffects of diarrhoea and other illnessesDampness and chilliness.Cold windsSymptomsThe animal becomes dull and reluctant to moveThere is a rough hair coatAnimal breathes rapidlyAbnormal lung sounds when breathing i [...]
          

databases - Redis - New version: 5.0.7-1

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Docker image is now scalingo/redis:5.0.7-1

Redis CHANGELOG: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/antirez/redis/5.0/00-RELEASENOTES


          

Vinhais com orçamento de 17ME para 2020

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Prioridade nos apoios sociais, educação e produtores

A Câmara de Vinhais, no distrito de Bragança, tem para 2020 um orçamento de 17 milhões de euros com prioridade aos apoios sociais, educação e aos principais produtos do concelho, revelou hoje o presidente, Luís Fernandes.

No próximo ano, o município vai também redistribuir pelos contribuinte cerca de 120 mil euros de parte dos 5% a que tem direito no IRS (Imposto sobre o Rendimento Singular) pago no concelho, passando a abdicar de 3,5%, enquanto, em 2018, o valor era de 2%.

Vinhais continuará a cobrar a taxa mínima de IMI (Imposto Municipal sobre Imóveis) fixada em 0,3% e que pode ir até aos 0,5%. Nos investimentos previstos para 2020, o presidente destaca as adiadas obras de requalificação da escola no valor de três milhões de euros.

Depois de abertos concursos que ficaram desertos, o município já conseguiu adjudicar a obra e aguarda apenas o visto do Tribunal de Contas para iniciar os trabalhos, como disse à Lusa o autarca Luís Fernandes.

Outras obras com apoio de fundos comunitários, nomeadamente de regeneração urbana, estão também previstas neste orçamento em que os apoios sociais e à economia continuam a ser apontados como prioridade.

A área da Educação tem um montante anual de um milhão de euros neste concelho transmontano, onde os alunos frequentam a escola e outras atividades de forma praticamente gratuita, com a autarquia a suportar custos como transporte, refeições, fichas de atividades.

Os apoios sociais, como rendas a baixo custo, fazem parte também do investimento previsto pela autarquia, assim como o desporto e apoio ao setor agrícola e agropecuário.

O presidente Luís Fernandes referiu as parcerias e ajudas financeiras aos produtos mais importantes do concelho como são o fumeiro e a castanha.

O autarca realçou ainda a “situação estável” do ponto de vista financeiro da Câmara com uma dívida a médio e longo prazo de cerca de dois milhões de euros.

O orçamento tem um ligeiro aumento de 400 mil euros em relação a 2018, já foi aprovado em reunião de Câmara e vai ser levado à votação da Assembleia Municipal a 30 de dezembro, onde tem a aprovação garantida pela maioria socialista.

Foto: António Pereira


          

Bragança com mais de 44 ME para 2020 com obras em destaque

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Orçamento para 2020

A Câmara de Bragança tem um orçamento de quase 44,7 milhões de euros para 2020 aprovado hoje pela Assembleia Municipal, com a maior parte das verbas destinada a várias frentes de obras urbanas.

As propostas da autarquia foram aprovadas pela maioria social-democrata, com a abstenção do PS, a segunda maior força política, e um voto contra da CDU.

A Câmara de Bragança continua a manter a taxa mínima de IMI (Imposto Municipal sobre Imóveis), que pode ser fixada pelos municípios entre 0,3% e 0,5%, e a não abdicar dos 5% de participação variável do IRS (Imposto sobre o Rendimento Singular), que as autarquias podem redistribuir pelos munícipes.

O presidente da Câmara apresentou as previsões para o próximo ano à Assembleia Municipal como um plano que “dá cumprimento à regra do equilíbrio orçamental, com as despesas correntes substancialmente inferiores às receitas correntes”.

O autarca referiu também a “dívida muito pequena”, que tem vindo a ser reduzida a uma média de 12% ao ano e que, a médio e longo prazo, ronda atualmente os 2,7 milhões de euros, longe dos limites de endividamento fixados em mais de 40 milhões de euros.

Apesar dos indicadores positivos, o presidente da Câmara entende que não deve abdicar para os munícipes dos 1,6 milhões de euros correspondentes ao que a autarquia arrecada com o IRS.

A participação no IRS, junto com o Fundo de Equilíbrio Financeiro e o Fundo Social Municipal asseguram as receitas correntes do município que, segundo o autarca, têm vindo a descer devido à redução de alguns impostos municipais, como o IMI.

“Se eliminarmos tudo aquilo que é fonte de receita, o orçamento fica completamente descontrolado e não podemos fazer face àquilo que são as intervenções e as exigências que temos hoje em dia no município”, afirmou.

Os cerca de 44,7 milhões de euros previstos no orçamento para 2020 têm um acréscimo, em relação a 2019, de cerca de 7% que “resulta da captação de fundos comunitários”, como explicou.

O “grosso” do investimento previsto destina-se às obras em curso ou em fase de concurso que têm 17,6 milhões de euros de fundos comunitários assegurados para o PEDU - Plano Estratégico de Desenvolvimento Urbano, para intervenções na mobilidade urbana sustentável, ação para as comunidades desfavorecidas e reabilitação urbana do edificado.

Como a Lusa noticiou, as empreitadas estão a enfrentar a dificuldade da falta de interessados com os concursos a serem repetidos e a ficarem desertos por alegada falta de mão-de-obra para a dimensão das mesmas.

A questão foi hoje abordada pelo PS na Assembleia Municipal, com o líder do grupo municipal, Dinis Costa, a criticar o presidente da Câmara por não discutir com os eleitos este problema que considerou “político e que a todos diz respeito” e que, alertou, pode levar à perda de fundos comunitários se não houver condições para aplicar os mesmos.

O PS reclamou também a participação e contributos da oposição na elaboração dos planos e orçamentos municipais e propôs a criação de uma comissão de acompanhamento para esse fim.

A eleita da CDU, Fátima Bento, justificou o voto contra pelo incumprimento do estatuto da oposição, insuficiência de dados concretos sobre várias questões e por não se rever na estratégia apresentada.

O PSD defendeu as medidas apresentadas, com o deputado Eduardo Malhão a acusar a oposição de “exigir medidas municipais para problemas que são nacionais e que dependem de politicas públicas de âmbito central”.

O eleito social-democrata lembrou que não tem sido atendida a reivindicação local de criar para a região de Bragança um estatuto idêntico aos da Madeira e dos Açores.

Foto: António Pereira


          

Neutrino work uncovers a novel bit of matrix math

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Link. I think for Tao this is smallish stuff, but the story of rediscovery is fun. A technique that needed an application to be fully appreciated.
          

A New Dynamic: Shanda Yates’ Surprise Victory

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Jackson attorney Shanda Yates will take her seat as Mississippi House District 64’s new Democratic representative after ousting 32-year incumbent Republican Bill Denny. Photo by Scott Crawford

"I think you have the wrong number," Jackson attorney Shanda Yates said, laughing into the receiver when Democratic House Minority Leader David Baria called in February, asking if she would be interested in running for a Republican-held Mississippi House seat. It sounded like a heavy lift; the House District 64 incumbent, House Republican Floor Leader Bill Denny, first won the seat in 1987—when Yates was only 6 years old.

With two weeks to go before the qualifying deadline for the party primaries, a number of fellow attorneys and Democratic leaders continued courting her, including Mississippi Democratic Party Chairman Bobby Moak.

Party leaders had taken notice of Yates, who is 38, early in the 2019 
legislative session, after she met with 
Republican House Speaker Philip Gunn and wrote emails to representatives and senators, urging them not to pass the "Landowner Protection Act."

That tort-reform law, she warned in those emails, would "remove all liability of a property owner in virtually every context in which a crime is committed on its property" and free businesses of the "duty" to "act reasonably" to "protect its customers, patrons, and tenants from violent criminal activity that it knows is occurring on its property."

Despite her efforts and impassioned arguments from Democrats like Baria against the bill, the GOP-dominated Legislature passed it, and Gov. Phil Bryant signed it into law, drawing applause from business leaders. But Yates' proactive efforts left an impression.

"You're a good attorney. We need more level-headed attorneys in the Legislature," she recalled Baria, who is also an attorney, saying when he first called.

Baria will step down from his position at the Legislature when the new term begins in January, after deciding against running for re-election to his Bay St. Louis-area House seat early this year.

'I Had to Do It'

Yates had never thought about running for office and had a litany of reasons not to pursue the House District 64 seat when she first discussed the idea with her husband, Yancy Burns, her partner at their firm, Burns & Associates PLLC.

"No, I don't have the time to plan for this," Yates told her husband. "It's two weeks before the qualifying deadline. I never thought about doing this. I don't have any of the groundwork laid."

Exceeding expectations, including her own, though, has been a staple of Yates' life so far. In a Let's Talk Jackson podcast with Jackson Free Press editor Donna Ladd, Yates shared her personal story. Her father, Rick Yates, a blue-collar worker, raised her and her brother, Ricky, alone as a single parent. At Hinds Community College, Shanda Yates became the first in her family to earn a college degree. After earning her bachelor's degree at the University of Southern Mississippi, Yates thought she might end up working as a secretary for a law office. With encouragement from some of her professors, though, she went to law school at Mississippi College and became an attorney instead.

Despite her initial reluctance to run for office, Yates and her husband kept discussing the idea. "I talked to some of my close friends about it," Yates told the Jackson Free Press in mid-November. "And at the end of the day, it came down to did I want to continue complaining about things on Facebook and be passively active, which I realize is an oxymoron, or was I willing to put myself out there and jump off this cliff and try to do something to make a change?"

Yates thought about her home in Jackson, the business she and her husband are running here, and their 4-year-old son. She made the jump.

"I just decided that I had to do it, if not for me, then for my son. So, I said yes and hit the ground running," Yates said in the interview.

Over the next few months, Yates and a team of volunteers knocked on around 10,000 doors, she said. Several national organizations offered help, including the California-based Sister 
District, which targets GOP-held seats in legislatures across the country and tries to help Democrats turn them blue.

Sister District helped Yates with the technical "in the weeds stuff that I wouldn't have been able to handle on my own"—like field organizing, identifying likely supporters and tracking door knocking. Their support, Yates said, was "huge." The group also sent text messages to voters and knocked on doors.

Yates also had help from former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Mike Espy, who in 2018 ran for U.S. Senate with the most modern campaign apparatus of any Democrat in Mississippi. Though Espy lost that race against incumbent U.S. Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith, he came closer to a U.S. Senate victory than any Democrat in more than three decades—and amassed a trove of valuable voter data.

Just days after Hyde-Smith claimed victory with help from President Donald Trump, Espy filed for a rematch. Between then and his 2020 campaign kickoff in early November, though, the Democratic U.S. Senate hopeful used the resources and knowledge he gained during his 2018 campaign to help Democrats running for offices within the state.

Yates stood out, Espy told the Jackson Free Press on Nov. 25. "I knew intuitively that she had the glow of victory all around her from the first time I saw her," Espy said, recalling how impressed he was at the way she interacted with voters on whose doors she personally knocked.

When deciding which candidates he would get behind, Espy said he analyzed his own performance in electoral districts across the state. Despite Denny's long tenure, he identified Yates' district as the most "flippable." In 2018, Espy won among voters in House District 64 with 52% of the vote.

Espy helped Yates knock on doors, recorded a robocall and gave Yates a $1,000 donation. He also gifted her with district-level data that helped the Yates team identify voters who had supported Espy in his unsuccessful 2018 race against Republican U.S. Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith the year. That data helped Yates lay the foundation for her own campaign's field plan, she said.

"He was very helpful, and I appreciate that, because I know he could have been working on his 2020 campaign at that point," Yates said. "But he understood the importance of the 2019 local elections, and I appreciate that very much."

'A New Dynamic'

Eight months after Yates launched her campaign and almost a year to the day since he conceded defeat to Hyde-Smith, Espy stood among a crowd of somber Democrats in downtown Jackson that included David Baria, watching as yet another Mississippi Democrat congratulated his Republican opponent.

Attorney General Jim Hood, the last Democrat who still held statewide office, was considered the party's best hope for recapturing the governorship for the first time since Republican Haley Barbour defeated Gov. Ronnie Musgrove in 2003. Though Hood came closer to winning than any Democratic candidate for governor since Musgrove won in 1999, he came up short.

Hood's loss not only meant that current Republican Lt. Gov. Tate Reeves will be Mississippi's next governor, but that for the first time in 143 years, the GOP will hold all eight statewide offices when the new slate of leaders take over in January. 
 In House District 64, though, not far from Hood's election-night headquarters, Shanda Yates watched the Election Day numbers roll in. At the end of the night, she led Denny by just 136 votes. With hundreds of provisional ballots left to count by hand in Hinds County, though, it was not over, yet. For nearly two weeks after the election, she waited.

Finally, on Nov. 18, the Hinds County Election Commission confirmed to the Jackson Free Press and Yates that they had finished counting provisional ballots. With all 8,840 House District 64 votes counted, Yates beat the man who won the election when she was a young child by 168 votes. She won with 51% of the final tally.

"It's really exciting. It's also a little surreal if I'm being honest," she told the Jackson Free Press while driving from one meeting for incoming lawmakers to another about an hour after Hinds officials announced the final numbers. She had been attending meetings and "operating as if she had won since the morning after the election," she said.

"I always had in the back of my mind, 'This is probably not going to pan out at the end of the day, but I'm still going to give 100% and see how close I can get,'" she said.

Espy said Yates' victory in her largely suburban, 58% white district is evidence of "a new dynamic in Mississippi" and proves that "Mississippi is not immune to national trends." In recent national elections, majority-white suburban areas that were once solid GOP strongholds have trended toward Democrats.

Purpling of Suburbs

Though the state's minority party is not yet winning statewide and has a ways to go before it can hope to reclaim a majority in either chamber of the Legislature, Espy said he sees progress with each almost-win. Last year, he won 46% of the vote in the suburban Madison County; this year, Hood won Madison County, marking the first time a Democrat has done so in decades.

Yates' race is not the only one that demonstrates the purpling of suburbs in Mississippi, though. In DeSoto County's election for House District 40, which is situated within the Memphis suburbs, Hester Jackson-McCray, an African American woman, ousted GOP House Rep. Ashley Henley by just 14 votes this year. When Jackson-McCray last challenged Henley for her seat in 2015, Henley beat her 68.3% to 31.7%. Jackson-McCray is another candidate to whom Espy gave his support.

Merritt Baria worked as the deputy director for the Mississippi Democratic Trust this year, helping candidates including Yates and Jackson-McCray. She told the Jackson Free Press on Nov. 25 that Yates and Jackson-McCray's victories disproved the traditional Mississippi Democratic Party wisdom about who is "viable" and who isn't.

"I'm relatively new to the political sphere, and I know that there are people here who have been working in Democratic politics in Mississippi for decades, so I mean no disrespect when I say this," said Baria, the daughter of outgoing Democratic House Majority Leader Baria.

"I have observed during my short time working within this industry that there seems to be this idea that there are certain candidates that are viable and certain candidates that are not, and historically those candidates haven't been women," Merritt Baria said in the interview. "I think the takeaway here is wrong. Our two biggest winners this year were women, and one was a woman of color."

Espy pointed to another unsung victory that he said deserves more attention: Democrat Willie Simmons flipped the Central District transportation commissioner seat from red to blue. Simmons is the first black candidate to win a regional district-level race in Mississippi since Reconstruction. Democratic Jackson City Councilman De'Keither Stamps nearly achieved the same historic milestone this year, Espy pointed out; Stamps won 49.4% of the vote for public service commissioner on Nov. 5, narrowly losing to Republican Brent Bailey.

"Everybody's saying the Republicans have all the statewide offices, yeah, that's true. But look at the changes beneath for the real story," Espy said. "Paul Harvey used to say, 'For the rest of the story, look at the rest of the story.' Look at what's happening in Mississippi today. And so that's why I'm not discouraged. I see that change is imminent and growth is coming."

'No State Out of Reach'

Organizers at Sister District, whose efforts helped flip Virginia's GOP-led General Assembly to full-Democratic control this year, were thrilled with Yates' victory—their first in Mississippi since the group launched in the wake of the 2016 election.

"I think Shanda's win is a tremendous bright spot for us. We believe no district is out of reach, and no state is out of reach," Gaby Goldstein, Sister District's co-founder and political organizer, told the Jackson Free Press. "It's just a matter of providing inspiring candidates with resources they need."

Denny is not only the House Republican floor leader, but he is also the chairman of the Reappointment and Redistricting Committee, which would have put him in charge of overseeing redistricting of House seats in 2020.

In 2015, Democrats did not even bother to field a challenger to run against Denny. Jackson attorney Dorsey Carson, the last Democrat to challenge him, lost by 13 points in 2011.

Unlike many Democrats trying to unseat sitting Republicans in Mississippi, Yates did not portray herself as a moderate or conservative to woo voters in the other party.

"I talked to the people in my district about things that people in my district cared about and were concerned about," Yates told the Jackson Free Press. "Those things include infrastructure repairs, investing in our public schools and finding ways to incentivize small-business ownership. We didn't find many people who were interested in national issues or wanted to talk to me about my views on gun control or those sorts of things.

"If people did ask me questions, I answered them honestly, but that wasn't my campaign platform, and I think people appreciated that, because they want the issues that are at their front door—or at the end of their driveway, so to speak, if you're talking about infrastructure."

'Genuine' and 'Willing'

In other races, Republicans sent mailers to voters and ran ads trying to tie their Democratic opponents to national liberal and progressive politicians like U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi or New York Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. Denny did not do that, she said, but even if he had, she does not think it would have worked.

"If you're genuine, and you're willing to knock the doors and put in the hard work, I think people will pick up on that," Yates said. "So that's why I think it was in my favor that I got in front of as many people as I did door knocking, because they can see me. They had talked to me, they had listened to me, they made their own impression of me. It didn't come down to a demonizing mail piece where I was pitted with far-left national Democrats. That just never happened.

"I don't know why my opponent didn't do that, but I feel like it would have fallen on deaf ears regardless, because these people have talked to me and know me as a person," Yates added. "I was in the Junior League with several hundred of the people in my district. I'm a practicing attorney and know several hundred people in my district because of that. I think all of those interpersonal connections really mattered at the end of the day."

When she takes office in January, Yates plans to continue to focus on education and infrastructure, she said.

"Those are the things I campaigned on, and those are the things I'd genuinely like to see more funds, more resources pushed to while I'm there at the Legislature," she said. "I know as a baby legislator, so to speak, I'll have very little influence, especially considering I'm in the minority party. But I do hope to build relationships and connections and re-establish relationships with people there."

She cited Republican House Speaker Philip Gunn, whom she practiced law alongside for seven years. The representative-elect knows she will have to "work across party lines," she said, but she hopes she can use pre-existing connections to make inroads.

Just Her and the Male Judge

The first time Yates went to court for an ex-parte hearing, it was just her and the male judge in his chambers. While he was asking her questions about the motion she was there to present, the judge stepped into a small room about 6 feet from the conference table, which she quickly realized was a bathroom because he didn't close the door, she said.

"He left the door open and just proceeded to start peeing, and continued to ask me questions while he was peeing, and obviously I could hear him the whole time," she said, a story she also told in her "Let's Talk Jackson" podcast recently. "That was my first time as a licensed attorney appearing before a judge."

Yates said she was not sure whether it was a "chauvinist" show of "power" or if he was "just like that with everyone." 
 As she prepares to take her seat in the Legislature, Yates said she brings plenty of professional experience handling sexist and degrading men. As one of the few women in the Legislature, she knows there is a not-insignificant chance she will have to deal with the sexism that comes with entering a historically male-dominated institution.

"My plan is to deal with those men the same way I've dealt with those men my entire life. That particular interaction with the judge didn't cause me to quit my job as an attorney or never go back to court. If anything, it emboldened me," Yates said.

"And I would like to think that the same would be true at the Legislature. I am going into it assuming that everyone will be respectful and courteous and decent, but if they're not, I will take it with a grain of salt and continue to do my job.

"I'm not there to change how they feel they should interact with women," she added. "I can only handle how I respond to it and whether I let that change who I am and what I plan to do."

Follow Jackson Free Press State Reporter Ashton Pittman on Twitter @ashtonpittman. Send tips to ashton@jacksonfreepress.com.


          

Commentaires sur Le Franc CFA vit ses dernières heures : La France sur le point de perdre l’Afrique de l’Ouest… par Abdoulaye S

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Pour ce qui est des méfaits de la colonisation et des mensonges des occidentaux nous sommes d'accord même si je trouve que parfois vous mélangez un peu tout et que vous êtes complaisants avec nos dirigeants qui ds leur écrasante majorité sont des prédateurs. Je dis et je répète qu'on est juste en train de se faire plaisir... On va changer de monnaie mais ça ne changera rien pour le Niger. Ce sera malheureusement peut être pire. Nous ne voulons pas comprendre que nous sommes tout petits. Nous voulons nous prendre pour des grands... Notre produit intérieur fait 10 milliards de dollars, celui du Nigeria 370 milliards et celui de la France plus de 2000 milliards de dollars. Je vous redis que la voix du NIGER sera tminuscule car c'est celui qui a l'argent qui a la puissance dans la monnaie. Nous suivrons les décisions des autres. Alors pas la peine de croire à la richesse. Malheureusement ce n'est pas ds la monnaie que se trouve la richesse c'est d'ailleurs pourquoi ds le Saint Coran on nous interdit de faire de l'argent avec de l'argent. Seul le travail et la connaissance paient. Mais nous rejetons l'un et l:autre.
          

San Marzano sul Sarno. Esondazioni e richiesta stato di calamità: sopralluogo dei tecnici della Protezione civile

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san-marzano-sul-sarno-esondazioni-e-richiesta-stato-di-calamit-sopralluogo-dei-tecnici-della-protezione-civile

San Marzano sul Sarno. Esondazioni ed eventi alluvionali delle ultime settimane. Tecnici della Protezione Civile Nazionale hanno effettuato ieri un sopralluogo sul territorio, a seguito dei solleciti effettuati dall'Amministrazione Comunale che, come è noto, ha richiesto formalmente lo stato di calamità. "L'intero reticolo idrografico è compromesso, occorrono interventi risolutivi, auspichiamo tempi brevi anche per la quantificazione dei danni che hanno interessato molte nostre imprese agricole, artigianali e abitazioni private - dichiara il Sindaco Cosimo Annunziata - Attenzione della nostra Amministrazione comunale è massima nei confronti del territorio e della nostra Comunità". La visita dei tecnici fa seguito alla richiesta di riconoscimento dello stato di calamità naturale effettuata con delibera di Giunta Comunale . 128 del 05.11.2019 è propedeutica al percepimento di ristori finanziari per coloro che hanno subito danni. "Quello che è urgente aldilà dei risarcimenti, qualora riconosciuti, sono stati subito predisposti i modelli, è che si avvii a risoluzione l'annosa questione allagamenti. Sono dieci anni che combattiamo contro svariati enti ed istituzioni perché sia affrontata la situazione, centinaia di appelli, visite istituzionali, comitati ma siamo sempre rimasti soli ad affrontare un'emergenza che ha portato ormai il nostro territorio al collasso" - così conclude il primo cittadino.

  • san marzano sul sarno
  • esondazioni
  • stato di calamità

              

    Les rendez vous jeux du Printemps !

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    Jusqu'à Noël, nous vous offrons jusqu'à 15 euros*
    voir conditions en bas de page
    Découvrez nos coups de coeur,
    un cadeau idéal pour les fêtes :

    Un bouquet de dates pour jouer avec nous un peu partout :

    • le 26 mai 2012, de 10h à 19h.
      JEUX MOUV'  dans le cadre de la fête mondiale du jeu

      Parc des Bugadières à Cagnes sur mer.

    • le 1er juin 2012, de 19h à 23h.
      A VOUS DE JOUER AU BROC - Soirée Jeux à la ludothèque du Broc
      Tous les premiers vendredis du mois - Mediathèque du Broc - (fermé l'été, prochaine soirée en Septembre !)
    • le 3 juin 2012, de 10h à 18h
      CULTURE EN HERBE - Festival culturel itinérant - Spécial jeux sur les constructions...
      Jardins du Chateau de Nice

    • le 9 Juin 2011 de 18h à Minuit
      A VOUS DE JOUER au KILKILIE'S CAFE avec un repas Mauricien et des tas de nouveautés !
      21 rue Delille à Nice

    • le 10 juin 2012, de 10h à 18h
      CULTURE EN HERBE - Festival culturel itinérant - Spécial jeux sur l'antiquité...
      Arènes de Cimiez, Nice

    • le 17 juin 2012, de 10h à 18h
      CULTURE EN HERBE - Festival culturel itinérant - Spécial jeux sur la nature...
      Castel des deux Rois, Nice

    • le 14 juillet 2012
      A Vous de Jouer au Kililie's Thème à définir...

      Soirée jeux, Tous les deuxièmes samedis du mois retrouvez nous au Kililie's café !



    *Promotions du père Noël :
    * Recevez un bon d'achat de 5€ pour toute commande de jeux supérieure à 50€ sur votre boutique en ligne www.avousdejouer.eu et de 15€ pour toute commande supérieure à 100€. Offre valable de 16 novembre au 24 décembre 2011. Le bon d'achat reste valable jusqu'à fin 2012.


              

    [Ilya Somin] Bill Barr is Wrong to Claim Courts Cannot Examine Government Motives

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    [Assessment of motives is often an essential tool for protecting our constitutional rights. ] Attorney General William Barr.In a deservedly much-criticized recent speech before the Federalist Society, Attorney General William Barr outlined an extraordinarily expansive view of executive power. One aspect that, until recently, did not get much attention is his claim that it is almost always improper for courts to examine the motives underlying the actions of government officials: The Supreme Court has traditionally refused, across a wide variety of contexts, to inquire into the subjective motivation behind governmental action.  To take the classic example, if a police officer has probable cause to initiate a traffic stop, his subjective motivations are irrelevant.  And just last term, the Supreme Court appropriately shut the door to claims that otherwise-lawful redistricting can violate the Constitution if the legislators who drew the lines were actually motivated by…
              

    Rediscovering the forgotten Indian artists of British India

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    The East India Company commissioned some remarkable artwork from Indian painters in the 18th Century.
              

    Sub Focus anuncia su nuevo Live Show ‘Circular Sound’ en Printworks London

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    La entrada Sub Focus anuncia su nuevo Live Show ‘Circular Sound’ en Printworks London aparece primero en EDMred.

    El británico Sub Focus presentará su nuevo Live Show en Printworks London el próximo viernes 24 de abril bajo el nombre ‘Circular Sound’ Es un rediseño de producción en vivo de lo que ya conocimos en su momento. El debut de ‘Circular Sound’ promete una experiencia audiovisual impresionante como ya nos tiene acostumbrado en todos …

    La entrada Sub Focus anuncia su nuevo Live Show ‘Circular Sound’ en Printworks London aparece primero en EDMred.


              

    FSF News: Contract opportunity: Bookkeeper

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    The contractor will work closely with our business operations manager and the rest of the operations team to ensure that the organization's day-to-day financial functions run smoothly. We are looking for a hands-on and detail-oriented professional who is comfortable working both independently and with multiple teams as needed. Ideal candidates will be proactive and highly adaptable, with an aptitude for learning new tools and paying close attention to minutiae despite dense financial material. Applicants should have at least three years of experience with nonprofit bookkeeping and finance. Familiarity with tools we use is a plus, such as SQL Ledger, CiviCRM, LibreOffice, and Request Tracker.

    Contract expectations include:

    • preparing weekly accounts receivable, payables, deposits, and purchasing,

    • assisting with monthly financial reconciliation,

    • processing incoming tickets in our internal/external ticketing system, and

    • supporting the annual audit.

    Contract details

    This is a 3-month contract position at 10 to 20 hours per week, with responsibilities to be performed on-site at the FSF's downtown Boston office. All work will be done in the office with free software. Compensation is competitive.

    Application instructions

    Applications must be submitted via email to hiring@fsf.org. The email must contain the subject line "Bookkeeper." A complete application should include:

    • cover letter,
    • resume,
    • hourly rate requirements, and
    • three recent references.

    All materials must be in a free format (such as text, LibreOffice, or PDF files). Email submissions that do not follow these instructions will probably be overlooked. No phone calls, please.

    Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis until the position is filled. To guarantee consideration, submit your application by December 11, 2019.

    The FSF is an equal opportunity employer and does not discriminate against any employee, contractor, or application for employment or contracting, on the basis of race, color, marital status, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, national origin, handicap, or any other legally protected status recognized by federal, state or local law. We value diversity in our workplace.

    About the Free Software Foundation

    The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to promoting computer users' right to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer programs. The FSF promotes the development and use of free (as in freedom) software -- particularly the GNU operating system and its GNU/Linux variants -- and free documentation for free software. The FSF also helps to spread awareness of the ethical and political issues of freedom in the use of software, and its Web sites, located at fsf.org and gnu.org, are an important source of information about GNU/Linux. Donations to support the FSF's work can be made at https://donate.fsf.org. We are based in Boston, MA, USA.


              

    La 5G va coûter au moins 2,17 milliards d’euros aux français !

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    Comme dans beaucoup de pays, l'état français va vendre aux opérateurs mobiles le droit d'utiliser certaines fréquences électromagnétiques pour qu'ils puissent les utiliser afin de déployer leurs réseaux mobiles respectifs en 5G. En regardant le processus de mise aux enchères de loin, l'affaire semble excellente pour l'état et les français en permettant de récolter au minimum 2.17 milliards d'Euros. Une somme qui a été confirmée par Agnès Pannier-Runacher, secrétaire d'Etat auprès du ministre de l'Economie et des Finances. Génial plus de 2 milliards de plus dans le budget de l'état afin de le rendre aux plus pauvres.

    Nous n'allons pas discuter ici de la redistribution de ce pactole car ce n'est pas le fonds de commerce de Smartphone France. Le problème qui nous saute par contre aux yeux est que comme d'habitude les responsables politiques n'ont qu'une vue à très courts termes, c'est à dire vers les prochaines échéances électorales. Certes l'état va empocher plus de 2 milliards d'Euros pour son budget mais qui va payer cette somme ? Bien sûr cet argent va directement venir de la poche des français via leurs abonnements mobiles. Comme bon nombre d'autres lois, taxe Amazon par exemple, c'est toujours le français qui finir par payer au final car les entreprises n'ont pas d'autre choix que de répercuter les tarifs sur les produits qu'elles vendent.

    La 5G sera une évolution de notre utilisation des connexions mobiles mais qu'on ne se voile pas la face, ça nous coûtera forcément plus cher, en premier lieu à cause de responsables politiques qui ne réfléchissent qu'à moitié.
              

    Los iPhone de 5,4" y 6,7" que Apple lanzaría en 2020 tendrían paneles más finos, según ETNews

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    Los iPhone de 5,4

    Todavía varios meses lejos de que sean presentados oficialmente, surgen nuevos rumores sobre los iPhone 12 Pro y 12 Pro Max, dos de los nuevos terminales de Apple que verían la luz en septiembre de 2020. Si hace unos días unos conocidos analistas afirmaban que estos dispositivos tendrían 6 GB de memoria RAM, ahora nuevas informaciones aseguran que sus paneles serán más finos.

    El medio surcoreano ETNews ha compartido que se espera que los principales proveedores de pantallas OLED para los iPhone de 2020 sean Samsung Display y LG Display. Para los modelos con pantalla de 5,4" y 6,7" será Samsung el que proporcione paneles flexibles On-cell touch. Este tipo de pantallas cuentan con la funcionalidad táctil integrada en la parte exterior de la lámina, sin necesitar otra, lo que llevaría a un panel más delgado.

    Los paneles de Samsung de este tipo cuentan con la tecnología 'Y-OCTA'

    Iphone 11

    Samsung ha estado investigando este tipo de paneles OLED flexibles On-cell touch y ha llamado a la tecnología 'Y-OCTA'. Como hemos dicho, al contar con todos los circuitos en una misma lámina la pantalla es más fina, lo que también repercute en que los costes de producción son menores. Sin embargo, se desconoce si esto implicaría que los iPhone de 5,4" y 6,7" serían más finos en su conjunto.

    Al parecer, Apple habría visto los beneficios de esta tecnología y habría pedido a Samsung que los produjera en masa al ser la única compañía capaz de ello. La delgadez de las nuevas pantallas podría aprovecharse para introducir baterías de mayor capacidad, como se ha hecho con los iPhone 11 Pro y 11 Pro Max de este año, que son algo más gruesos y pesados que los de la generación anterior.

    Respecto al iPhone de 6,1", el panel sería proporcionado tanto por Samsung Display como por LG Display, ya que no contaría con uno con tecnología 'Y-OCTA'. Y es que aunque LG también es capaz de fabricar paneles similares a los de Samsung, no puede crear tanta cantidad al mismo ritmo.

    Qué se espera de los iPhone de 2020

    Como lleva ocurriendo desde 2017, se espera que Apple presente tres nuevos terminales en 2020, teniendo el modelo de entrada una pantalla OLED de 6,1" y los modelos con más características paneles OLED 'Y-OCTA' de 5,4" y 6,7". Si bien el tamaño de 5,4" vendría bien a las personas que buscan smartphones más manejables, podría antojarse demasiado pequeño, al igual que el de 6,7" demasiado grande, para los que quieran más potencia y prestaciones.

    Además, las pantallas de algunos de los modelos podrían contar con tasa de refresco de hasta 120 Hz, la misma tecnología que ya hemos visto en el iPad Pro de 2018. También se especula con la posibilidad de que cambien el conector Lightning por el estándar USB-C (cosa que ya ha ocurrido con la última tableta de la gama profesional de Apple).

    En el apartado fotográfico podríamos tener otra novedad importante, que sería la llegada de una cámara ToF. Este sensor 3D permite detectar las distancias de los objetos y personas. Respecto al diseño, el notch sería más pequeño, lo que incrementaría el espacio de la pantalla, y tendría un marco rediseñado que recordaría al del iPhone 4/5, como el de este concepto.


              

    Este artista crea un vídeo conceptual de cómo sería su iPhone 12 ideal: sin notch, pantalla a 120 Hz y cuatro cámaras

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    Este artista crea un vídeo conceptual de cómo sería su iPhone 12 ideal: sin notch, pantalla a 120 Hz y cuatro cámaras

    Son tantos los rumores y especulaciones sobre el iPhone 12 y sus acompañantes que es imposible no imaginarnos cómo será la próxima generación de smartphones de Apple. Los conceptos tampoco nos lo ponen fácil. Ya vimos hace un par de semanas unos renders que mostraban una aproximación del supuesto diseño del dispositivo.

    Ahora, el artista Pallav Raj ha creado un vídeo de presentación similar a los que reproduce Apple en sus keynotes en el que enseña varios aspectos destacados del terminal, como la pantalla o la cámara trasera. Para su elaboración, Raj ha tomando como referencia los rumores y filtraciones que han ido surgiendo durante estos meses.

    El iPhone de 2020 sí tendría notch (aunque más pequeño)

    Lo primero que llama la atención es el frontal del dispositivo, que es todo pantalla. Raj ha eliminado el notch, característica que viene acompañando a los iPhone desde el iPhone X y cuya función es integrar el sistema de cámara TrueDepth y sus sensores. Sin embargo, los rumores afirman que, aunque el notch acabará desapareciendo de los smartphones de Apple, en el modelo de 2020 seguiría estando, aunque más pequeño, y en 2021 se eliminaría completamente. La cámara en el concepto está integrada en el panel.

    La pantalla "ProMotion" es compatible con tasas de refresco de hasta 120 Hz, algo que se lleva especulando desde hace meses. Además, Raj sitúa cuatro cámaras traseras de 16 MP, siendo una de ellas ToF, un sensor 3D que permite detectar mejor las distancias de los objetos y personas.

    Iphone 12 Concepto Pantalla

    En el vídeo también se puede ver su diseño renovado, similar al que encontramos en el iPhone 4 o iPhone 5. Otra de las características que se espera que lleguen con la nueva generación es la compatibilidad con redes 5G, y llegaría de la mano de Qualcomm con el chip X55.


              

    DU SPÉCIFIQUE POUR LES GARDIENS EN HERBE DE LA ROCHE VF

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    DU SPÉCIFIQUE POUR LES GARDIENS EN HERBE DE LA ROCHE VF

     

    Tous les mercredis de 17 à 18 heures , un entraînement spécifique pour les gardiens U11 et U13 se déroule sous la responsabilité de Luis PIC , gardien dans les équipes séniors du club .

    Luis propose une initiation et un perfectionnement sur toutes les prises de balles au sol et aériennes , sur la motricité et les appuis pour gagner en tonicité .

    Au travers de ces activités, l'objectif est de donner de la confiance aux jeunes gardiens  . Ainsi Luis porte toute son attention sur les encouragements et corrections qu'il prodigue . 


              

    Rediscovering Colles’ Fracture

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    Colles’ FractureMedical HistoryMedical Biography
              

    Middle .NET Developer (Kiwi/Platform) в SBTech, Киев

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    Необходимые навыки

    3+ years of hands-on experience with C# /.NET;
    Experience in building WEB apps on ASP.NET/Web API;
    Experience with Data: SQL, NoSQL, caching, indexing, searching;
    Understanding and following of good coding practices and patterns;
    Experience with writing testable code, unit and integration tests;
    Solid debugging and troubleshooting skills;
    Good level of verbal and written English.

    Experience with microservices and SOA will be a plus.

    Personality:

    Proactive person
    Team player
    Good analytical skills
    Good communication skills

    Будет плюсом

    Here are what we use in Platform in general and it would be nice to have some experience with the following:

    Microservices: NET Core, NancyFx, IIS, Kestrel, Consul, Fabio, Swagger, Yams, RabbitMQ, Kafka
    Data: Server, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, Redis, Aerospike, ELK
    Frontend: JS, ReactJS, MobX, TypeScript, Postal
    Containers: Docker, Kubernetes, Linux
    DevOps: Windows / Linux DevOps related experience is a plus
    VCS: Git
    Tools: Jenkins, Artifactory, PRTG, Bitbucket, Jira, Confluence
    Knowledge of financial domain
    Knowledge of online gaming industry and systems

    Предлагаем

    At SBTech we have great environment and quality people, we are looking for someone who can work hard and also learn and develop fast to represent the team spirit in achieving great results. The business environment provokes us to be dynamic and innovative and that’s exactly what we are. We offer great career opportunities — you simply have to seize them.

    THE COMPANY OFFERS EXCELLENT BENEFITS
    Being a part of an international team focused on excellence in product development
    Very good remuneration
    Comprehensive health insurance + gym
    Team building and fun activities
    High end modern office facilities
    Dynamic and friendly work environment
    Open and transparent communication
    Long term career growth opportunities
    Professional growth, extra education opportunities and cross-locations knowledge sharing
    English classes

    Обязанности

    Working with other team members and POs to build out apps, services and related workflows
    Taking active part in improvements and tuning of existing parts
    Creating of unit, integration and E2E tests
    Working in a scrum team with E2E responsibility for product delivery

    О проекте

    SBTech is an industry-leading provider of turnkey online gaming solutions and powers the most successful gaming operators around the globe. SBTech currently employs over 600 professional and experienced individuals — with the number rising daily. Here at SBTech, we allow you to create your own career. Opportunities are only limited by your ability, motivation and imagination — we believe in hiring the best people and providing them with the best tools.

    Our platform is:

    Distributed system architecture
    Single-Page Application approach
    MSSQL & PostgreSQL DBs, advanced caching and data distribution
    Elastic Search for big-data analysis
    Advanced monitoring based on , StatsD etc.
    Test automation and DevOps in mind to allow smooth operations
    If you like continuous improvement, working close to business, the concept of taking agile principles and methods to its limit by making use of new techniques — then this is the perfect opportunity for you. You could be part of this constant growth and success!


              

    PCRS-1782782, Volpiano - Via Circonvallazione

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    In piccola palazzina di nuova costruzione, proponiamo in vendita appartamento al primo e ultimo piano con ascensore disposto su due livelli. Al primo piano ingresso living su soggiorno, cucina abitabile, disimpegno e bagno. Scala interna che porta al piano superiore con mansarda composta da tre camere, disimpegno e bagno. Possibilità di scelta: piastrelle pavimento, rivestimenti cucina e bagno, arredo bagno con sanitari a filo muro ed infissi interni. Predisposizione antifurto e climatizzatore. Gli infissi esterni sono in legno con doppio vetro dotati di zanzariere e gelosie. Completano la sol

              

    PCR4142, VEROLENGO - FRAZIONE CASABIANCA - APPARTAMENTO INDIPENDENTE DI AMPIA METRATURA CON BOX AUTO.

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    IN FRAZIONE CASABIANCA PROPONIAMO IN VENDITA IN QUADRIFAMILIARE SPLENDIDO APPARTAMENTO AL 1° ED ULTIMO PIANO COMPOSTO DA INGRESSO, CUCINA ABITABILE, SOGGIORNO, CAMERA DA LETTO E SERVIZIO; OLTRE SOTTOTETTO RIFINITO CON DUE AMPIE CAMERE E ULTERIORE SERVIZIO. L'IMMOBILE E' CARATTERIZZATO DA AMPI SPAZI BEN DISTRIBUITI. A COMPLETARE LA DOPPIA ESPOSIZIONE CON UN BALCONE DOTATO DI TENDA INVERNALE; LE ZANZARIERE, LA PREDISPOSIZIONE PER STUFA A PELLETS, I SERRAMENTI CON DOPPI VETRI , IL PORTONCINO BLINDATO, UN COMODO BOX AUTO E LA CANTINA. RISCALDAMENTO AUTONOMO E BASSISSIME LE SPESE DI GESTIONE .

              

    PCRS-2580762, VILLA RISTRUTTURATA ZONA CENTRALE

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    In zona centrale proponiamo villa indipendente disposta su due piani. Al piano terra ingresso living su soggiorno, cucina abitabile, due camere e bagno. Scala in ferro e legno che porta al piano superiore mansardato con due camere e bagno con locale lavanderia. Il cortile privato è quasi interamente rivestito di autobloccanti in pietra di Luserna e sono state create 4 aiuole verdi, già dotate di predisposizione all’impianto di irrigazione. Completano la soluzione la cantina e 3 garage riscaldati, piastrellati e dotati di punto acqua.

              

    PCRS-2576845, SETTIMO T.SE: TRILOCALE RISTRUTTURATO

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    In piccola palazzina di soli 3 piani proponiamo trilocale completamente ristrutturato composto da ingresso living su soggiorno con cucina a vista, due camere ampie, ripostiglio e bagno. Completa la soluzione la cantina. Il riscaldamento è centralizzato con termo valvole con predisposizione per renderlo autonomo.

              

    Advertising: Marketing Manager - Redwood City, California

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    Seeking Marketing Ninja to Save the 2020 Census. The 2020 Census is in jeopardy, putting at risk $700 billion in funding for schools, hospitals, food stamps, and vital services. Accurate Census data is essential for fair redistricting from local school districts to State legislature and Congressional districts. Who We Are CommunityConnect Labs is the leading provider of technology solutions for a fair and accurate 2020 Census. We are a fast-growing software provider that serves several of the most innovative nonprofits and local governments in America. We are a nonprofit. We provide innovative mobile-first solutions as well as training for nonprofits and local governments to better connect and engage with marginalized communities. See more at . We are winners of the Battery Powered Award, Twilio Social Impact Fund, Amazon Imagine grant, and awards from New Media Ventures and Full Circle Fund. Our work has been evaluated by governments and published in statistical journals. Our last yielded a 200x ROI, providing local low-income communities with an estimated $46 million per year for the 2021-2030 decade ($460 million total). The Census is our once-in-a-decade opportunity to ensure government agencies and local nonprofits are equipped to secure a fair, accurate, and complete count. Who You Are You are an imaginative, motivated marketing leader who brings a successful track record in developing and executing ambitious, integrated campaigns across direct marketing, content marketing, partnerships, and social media. You have a strong eye for visual content, impeccable attention to detail, and sharp writing skills. You are a creative thinker and a proactive doer. Responsibilities We seek an experienced, dynamic, and committed Marketing Manager to create strategies and execute a multi-faceted campaign to raise awareness of 2020 Census solutions. Our new Marketing Manager will: Build out and implement multi-channel marketing plans (strategies and tactics) Raise CommunityConnect Labs' visibility as a thought leader Collaborate cross-functionally (product, technology, and partner operations) to develop, launch, and grow successful integrated marketing campaigns Monitor and track campaigns success metrics; identify and action levers to improve performance Manage freelance writers, designers, and video editors Manage day-to-day marketing efforts Position our brand as innovative leaders in both mobile-messaging space and nonprofit space Maintain ongoing key partner relationships; build coalition partnerships Qualifications We are a small, flexible, growing team. The ability to plan and multitask is critical. We have limited resources; we rely on creativity, resilience, a strong work ethic to do more with less. Successful marketing track record that includes growing traffic, visibility, partnerships Strong project management skills Results-oriented, analytical and quantitative mindset Demonstrated ability to thrive on a small, growing team Writing samples that show your crisp command of words for websites, email, or blogs Ability to work independently and lead small teams Nimble, quick problem-solver Proactive, motivated, positive attitude and sense of humor Performs well with competing priorities, multiple projects, and a virtual team Detail-oriented and strong follow-through with a collaborative working style Graphic and web design capabilities preferred PR, agency, or journalism experience preferred Location This is a Full-Time position based in Redwood City, CA. Strong preference for SF Bay Area candidates. Remote applicants considered under specific circumstances. ()
              

    IT / Software / Systems: Senior Software Engineer - San Francisco, California

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    DescriptionSenior Software Engineer - Data EngineeringOverviewFirst Republic is an ultra-high-touch bank that provides extraordinary client service. We believe that one-on-one interactions build lasting relationships. We move quickly to serve our clients' needs so that their financial transactions are handled with ease and efficiency. Client trust and security are paramount in our line of business. Ultimately, our goal is unsurpassed client satisfaction which will lead to personal referrals - our number one source of new business. We recognize that our competitive advantage starts with our people and our culture. At First Republic, we work hard and move quickly as a very coordinated team. If you are looking for an opportunity to grow and contribute in a fun, fast-paced environment, First Republic is the place for you. We have exceptional people focused on providing extraordinary service.TheSenior Software Engineer is responsible for the development and maintenance of the FRB Data Engineering platform and all the processes supporting the management, ingestion and integration of data. Will also contribute in the design of new data lake components and data marts. Each team member is responsible for the quality of all of the integration processes and the software development cycle.Be part of a digital transformation. In the last six months, we've: - Built three AWS cloud environments from scratch - Built CI/CD pipelines where none existed before - Proven the agile development mindset, and gotten buy-in from the C-suite - Built an in-house team of high-impact developers from scratch - Built bridges with the "legacy" Operations and InfoSec teams to win hearts and change minds - Discovered countless places to partner with existing teams to deliver more value at higher quality, higher velocity, and lower cost than the "all vendor provided" mode of development we're moving away from all of this in a $100 billion company, and we're just getting started. I think you'd be hard-pressed to find a more rapid change story anywhere. Because of our success, our scope has been expanding, and we need good developers to help take ownership and drive the right kinds of change across many domains. Some areas where our scope has expanded to, and stuff we'll be doing: - Event sourcing across all transactional lines of business (Kafka, SQS, etc) - Banking CORE abstraction (hiding the details of how the bank core works, so we can do cool stuff with data as it flows in and out) - Cross-cutting backend dev using SNS, SQS, Kafka, Kubernetes, DynamoDB, Twilio, etc. - Backend services to support in-house data science efforts - Machine learning: fraud prevention, analytics, etc. Technologies we're working with: - Data: DynamoDB, Postgre, SQL Server, Redis, Elasticsearch, SQS, Kafka - App layer: ASP.NET Core, node.js, AWS Lambda, React native - DevOps: Docker, kubernetes, Terraform - Programming languages: C#, Python, JavaResponsibilitiesResponsibilities- Build software and data engineering expertise and own data quality for our processes.- Drive technical excellence and implementation of best software engineering practices.- Design and delivering large scale, 24-7, mission-critical data pipelines and features using modern cloud and big data architectures.- Develop Batch and Stream processing services such as Kafka, AWS Kinesis, AWS Glue, Apache Storm and Spark Streaming- Deliver solutions in any big data and database technologies - Hadoop, EMR, Amazon Redshift, Snowflake, or advanced analytics tools- Oversee the design, scoping, implementation, and testing in short agile release cycles of in-house development and vendor implementations end-to-end.- Demonstrated experience working in large-scale data environments which included real-time and batch processing requirements.- Strong understanding of ETL processing with large data stores. Strong data modeling skills (relational, dimensional and flattened). Strong analytical and SQL skills, with attention to detail.QualificationsRequired people skills- Patience with how the environment is, with an eye towards refactoring the environment into what it should be - An ability to win friends and influence people on both the technology and business sides - Clear and concise communication skills - Bias towards action, an ability to work autonomously, and navigate uncertainty with good humor - Empathy for our clients and stakeholders on both the technology and business side Tech skills- Track record of delivery in highly-functional tech environment, preferably in a cloud-first environment - Familiarity with cloud architectural patterns - Microservices, message queues, container orchestration, etc. - A strong preference for infrastructure-as-code - Deep familiarity with one or more mainstream programming languages - Experience with both SQL and nosql as well as their relevant data modeling approaches (relational, dimensional, flattened) and profiling tools. - An ability to articulate the pros and cons of various cloud data management strategies - You needn't be a DBA, but you should have mechanical sympathy with respect to data-centric workloads and workflows, and be able to teach others how to approach and reason about their data layer performance regardless of storage philosophy or technology - Work at the intersection of InfoSec and feature delivery would be a huge plus - Experience creating software in highly-regulated environments is also a big plus - Familiarity with ETL tools and architectural approaches - Hands-on experience building real-time or near-real-time data pipelines Our platform- Data layer: Kinesis, Glue, RDS, DynamoDB, Redshift, Snowflake, SQL Server, Oracle, and similar - Application layer: Docker, Lambda, etc. - Code: Node (TypeScript and Javascript), Python, C#, Java, etc. - Infrastructure: Docker, Terraform, AWS, OpenShift, S3, etc. Qualifications- 5-7 years of experience - 2+ years of building and administering distributed applications using a cloud platform - Deep familiarity with the intersection one or more cloud platforms and data management (e.g. Redshift, Athena, Lambda, Snowflake, etc.) Mental/Physical Requirements:- The ability to learn and comprehend basic instructions; understand the meanings of words and respond effectively; and perform basic arithmetic accurately and quickly.- Vision must be sufficient to read data reports, manuals and computer screens.- Hearing must be sufficient to understand a conversation at a normal volume, including telephone calls and in person.- Speech must be coherent to clearly convey or exchange information, including the giving and receiving of assignments and/or directions.- Position involves sitting most of the time, but may involve walking or standing for brief periods of time.- Must be able to travel in a limited capacity.Own your work and your career - apply nowAre you willing to go the extra mile because you love what you do and how you can contribute as a team? Do you want the freedom to grow and the opportunity to take charge of your own career? If so, then come join us.We want hard working team players. You'll have the independence to learn, lead and drive change. A culture of extraordinary service, empowerment and stability - that's the First Republic way.Pursuant to the San Francisco Fair Chance Ordinance, we will consider for employment qualified applicants with arrest and conviction records, to the extent consistent with applicable federal and/or state law. Associated topics: back end, c#, design pattern, devops, java, perl, php, senior software developer, senior software engineer, software engineer lead ()
              

    IT / Software / Systems: Applications Systems Engineer 6 - Full Stack Developer - San Francisco, California

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    Job DescriptionImportant Note: During the application process, ensure your contact information (email and phone number) is up to date and upload your current resume prior to submitting your application for consideration. To participate in some selection activities you will need to respond to an invitation. The invitation can be sent by both email and text message. In order to receive text message invitations, your profile must include a mobile phone number designated as "Personal Cell" - or "Cellular" - in the contact information of your application.At Wells Fargo, we want to satisfy our customers' financial needs and help them succeed financially. We're looking for talented people who will put our customers at the center of everything we do. Join our diverse and inclusive team where you'll feel valued and inspired to contribute your unique skills and experience.Help us build a better Wells Fargo. It all begins with outstanding talent. It all begins with you.Wells Fargo Technology sets IT strategy; enhances the design, development, and operations of our systems; optimizes the Wells Fargo infrastructure footprint; provides information security; and enables continuous banking access through in-store, online, ATM, and other channels to Wells Fargo's more than 70 million global customers.The Wholesale Automation and Control Technology group within Enterprise Information Technology (EIT) is seeking a Full Stack Developer. -This is a senior level programming position and primary responsibilities will include developing application services to support -customer onboarding and financial crimes process flows. -The team member will also support multiple lines of business, -Wholesale Complaints. This position will play a pivotal role in managing and shaping applications under the Wholesale Automation and Control Technology group, as well as being a strong software engineer, and -will also be responsible for Enterprise Application Security Practices within the application portfolio to be in compliance with EIT guidelines.The Full Stack Developer will leverage multiple technologies for effective development and support of IT solutions in concert with partners in Wholesale Product, Operations, and Technology. They will work on design -patterns using -JavaEE technologies including: Core Java, Hibernate, Eclipse, SOAP, REST, Kafka/MQ, Tomcat, Camel, Web Services Development and governance, XSLT XML transformation, JMS, HTTP/S, PCF, Unix, and Oracle Database. -Responsibilities will include: Help manage and communicate application's technology platform status, project pipeline, and development priorities Focus on implementation and adoption of cloud technologies and best practices for automation, configuration, monitoring, and platform scalability Assist with technical design documentation based on business functional and non-functional requirements, then work with other members of development teams to socialize and update design Create and review development estimates from development teams with senior management, and actively seek clarification and verification as appropriate Work closely with business partners in defining application requirementsRequired Qualifications10+ years of application development and implementation experience10+ years of JavaEE experience5+ years of Python experience7 + years of experience with HTML, JavaScript, and CSS4 + years of AngularJS experience2+ years of RESTful or SOAP web services2+ years of MQ Series Messaging experience2+ years of SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) Internet security protocol experience3+ years of JMS (Java Message Service) experience3+ years of experience with Spring, Spring Batch, and Spring Boot3 + years of JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) development experience3 + years of experience writing relational database queries for stored procedures, query optimization and performance tuning2+ years of PL/SQL experience1+ years of experience with Cloud technologies1+ year of Cache experienceDesired QualificationsExcellent verbal, written, and interpersonal communication skills3+ years of wholesale banking experienceKnowledge and understanding of API programming with Perl, XML, REST or JSON3+ years of Hibernate experienceOther Desired Qualifications Experience with CI/CD tools Git, Gradle, JIRA, Jenkins, Artifactory Experience with cloud native applications with AWS/Azure/Pivotal/Cloud Foundry/OpenStack Public/on-premise Cloud technologies Experience with iText (PDF library) experience Experience with Apache Camel, Kafka, and Solace Experience with building a Spring Boot REST API from the ground up to accept, process, and deliver data as part of an orchestrated set of micro-services tied together by Kafka Experience with REDIS Cache Experience with TLS, Encryption, Digital SignatureStreet AddressCA-San Leandro: 794 Davis St - San Leandro, CADisclaimerAll offers for employment with Wells Fargo are contingent upon the candidate having successfully completed a criminal background check. Wells Fargo will consider qualified candidates with criminal histories in a manner consistent with the requirements of applicable local, state and Federal law, including Section 19 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act.Relevant military experience is considered for veterans and transitioning service men and women.Wells Fargo is an Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity Employer, Minority/Female/Disabled/Veteran/Gender Identity/Sexual Orientation. ()
              

    La Cultureta Gran Reserva: La Pequeña Edad de Hielo predispuso la Modernidad (y los cuadros invernales de tu salón)

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    Weekender: What to Do Around Louisville November 29 — December 1

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    To get this list delivered straight to your inbox every Thursday, sign up for the Weekender newsletter here.

    FRIDAY

    Miracle on Market Opening night | Miracle on Market

    Get ready for some holiday cheer. Miracle, the beloved Christmas pop-up bar, launches for the holiday season this Friday. Gather your family and friends and head to NuLu to try new drinks like the SanTaRex and old favorites like a Run Run Rudolph. Enjoy a reel of classic holiday movies like Home Alone and Elf or try your hand at Christmas karaoke.

    When: Friday, November 29 – Tuesday, December 31
    Where: Miracle on Market, 732 E. Market St.
    Website: Miracle on Market
    Cost: Free to attend


    Light Up Louisville | Louisville Metro Hall

    Join Santa and Mayor Fischer to light the city Christmas tree and illuminate Louisville with holiday cheer. Enjoy a day full of excitement, entertainment and community, and when the sun goes down, watch as the city lights up with Christmas lights and fireworks.

    When: Friday, November 29, 3-10 p.m.
    Where: Louisville Metro Hall, 527 W. Jefferson St
    Website: Light Up Louisville
    Cost: Free to attend


    2019 Fête de Noël Winter Holiday Festival & Ice Skating Rink | Paristown

    Start a new tradition this holiday season at Paristown's inaugural Fête de Noël. This six-week winter village will feature an authentic outdoor ice skating rink in the newly opened Christy’s Garden and is also the location of this year's Holiday Laser Dome. Skate, shop, eat, drink and enjoy holiday-themed events throughout the season. 

    When: Friday, November 29 —Sunday, January 5
    Where: Paristown, 711 Brent St.
    Website: 2019 Fête de Noël Winter Holiday Festival & Ice Skating Rink
    Cost: See website for details


    Thanksgiving Weekend at the Track | Churchill Downs

    Celebrate Thanksgiving weekend at the track with a traditional buffet and seven exciting Stakes races, including up-and-coming Kentucky Derby hopefuls.

    When: Friday, November 29 —Sunday, December 1
    Where: Churchill Downs, 700 Central Ave.
    Website: Thanksgiving Weekend at The Tracks
    Cost: $51 reserved dining, see site for additional details


    Candlelight Tour & Open House | Whitehall Estate

    Tour the historical Whitehall Mansion by the glow of candlelight this weekend.

    When: November 29, 6-8 p.m.
    Where: Whitehall Estate, 1101 E. Washington St.
    Website: Candlelight Tour & Open House
    Cost: $10-$12 for adults, $5 for children


    Katherine Blanford Live | Four Pegs 

    Louisville is Funny invites you to celebrate the return of Louisville native Katherine Blanford for a night full of fun and laughter. 

    When: November 29, 7:30-9 p.m.
    Where: Four Pegs Beer Lounge, 1053 Goss Ave.
    Website: Katherine Blanford Live
    Cost: $10 in advance, $15 at the door


    Black Friday Emonite502 | Barbarella

    Celebrate the end of your Black Friday shopping by dancing to the sounds of your favorite emo artists at Barbarella. 

    When: November 29, 11 p.m.
    Where: Barbarella, 116 E. Main St.
    Website: Black Friday Emonite502
    Cost: No cover until midnight


    Fade to Black Thanksgiving Celebration | Mercury Ballroom

    Wear your favorite little black dress and celebrate Thanksgiving weekend on the dance floor, with sounds by Dj Znyce.

    When: November 29, 10:30 p.m.
    Where: Mercury Ballroom, 611 S. Fourth St.
    Website: Fade to Black Thanksgiving Celebration
    Cost: $20


    Black Friday Record Store Day | Better Days Records

    Browse hundreds of exclusive releases and thousands of new and gently used titles. Many of these finds will be from the store's personal collection on vinyl, CD and cassette for the music fan on your list.

    When: November 29, 8 a.m.
    Where: Better Days Records, 1765 Bardstown Road
    Website: Black Friday Record Store Day
    Cost: Free to attend


    Jacob Williams Live | The Bard's Town

    Join Jacob Williams in a comedy showcase following his misadventures through the worlds of dating, day jobs and dining alone.

    When: November 29, 10 p.m.
    Where: The Bard's Town, 1801 Bardstown Road
    Website: Jacob Williams Live
    Cost: $10

     

    SATURDAY

    Annual Holiday Pottery Show  | Clifton Center

    Shop from a wide selection of handmade, functional and decorative pottery, tiles and sculpture. Enjoy convenient parking, complimentary treats, snacks and cider, and lots of friendly faces.

    When: November 30, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.
    Where: Clifton Center, 2117 Payne St.
    Website: Annual Holiday Pottery Show
    Cost: Free to attend


    Family: Home for the Holidays | Kentucky Center

    Kick off your Yuletide season with a Christmas concert this Saturday. Special guest, tenor Ben Gulley shares the spirit of the season performing all your favorite music with the full orchestra and the Louisville Youth Choir. 

    When: November 30, 10 a.m.
    Where: Kentucky Center, 501 W. Main St.
    Website: Family: Home for the Holidays
    Cost: $15


    The Elf on the Shelf: A Christmas Musical  | Louisville Palace

    Follow the story of the top Scout Elf, who is sent to a disconnected, multi-generational family struggling to rediscover Christmas spirit. Will he find a way off the shelf and into their hearts?

    When: November 30, 6 p.m & December 1, 1 p.m.
    Where: Louisville Palace, 625 S. Fourth St.
    Website: The Elf on the Shelf: A Christmas Musical
    Cost: $30-$60


    Pops: Holiday Pops Starring Ben Gulley  | Kentucky Center

    The Louisville Orchestra is dreaming up some holiday treats for you this season with a brand-new variety show for the entire family. Enjoy a selection of Yuletide classics performed by singer Ben Gulley, who promises to thrill and charm Louisville audiences.

    When: November 30, 8 p.m.
    Where: Kentucky Center, 501 W. Main St.
    Website: Pops: Holiday Pops Starring Ben Gulley
    Cost: $28-$65


    Return of Dirty Soul Party with Kim Sorise  | The MerryWeather

    This Saturday, DJ Kim Sorise returns to the MerryWeather, spinning vintage funk, soul and R&B 45's. Eric Morris will be cooking up soul food classics while you listen.

    When: November 30, 8 p.m.
    Where: The MerryWeather, 81101 Lydia St.
    Website: Return of Dirty Soul Party with Kim Sorise
    Cost: Free to attend


    UK vs UL Football Watch Party | Holsopple Brewing

    Have a beer and cheer on your favorite team with your friends at Holsopple. Enjoy a $3.50 Paula's Pilsner while you watch!

    When: November 30, 11:30 a.m.
    Where: Holsopple Brewing, 8023 Catherine Lane
    Website: UK vs UL Football Watch Party
    Cost: Free to attend


    Shop Local Print Sale | Calliope Arts

    Come out to shop a variety of affordable etchings, woodcuts, lithographs, screenprints, and more by local artists.

    When: November 30, noon-5 p.m.
    Where: Calliope Arts, 4324 E. College St.
    Website: Shop Local Print Sale
    Cost: Free to attend


    Jeptha Creed Master Distiller Signing | Evergreen Liquors

    Join Jeptha Creed Master Distiller Joyce Nethery for a special bottle signing and tasting of her Jeptha Creed Bourbon.  

    When: November 30, 5-7 p.m.
    Where: Evergreen Liquors, 12017 Shelbyville Road
    Website: Jeptha Creed Master Distiller Signing
    Cost: Free to attend

     

    SUNDAY

    Before it Hits Home | The Table

    Follow the last few months in the life of Wendal Bailey, an African-American bisexual male in his early 30s with AIDS who is caught between two worlds one which revolves around his lovers, the other based in the home of his extended family.

    When: December 1, 4 p.m.
    Where: The Table, 1800 Portland Ave.
    Website: Before it Hits Home
    Cost: $20


    Christmas on Gaslight Square | Jeffersontown

    Start the holiday season in Jeffersontown with Santa, Mrs. Claus and the City Council to celebrate Christmas on Gaslight Square. Immediately following, festivities continue outside with free refreshments, free train rides and pictures with Santa and Mrs. Claus.

    When: December 1, 5:30-7:30 p.m.
    Where: Gaslight Square, 10416 Watterson Trail
    Website: Christmas on Gaslight Square
    Cost: Free to attend


    Still Beginning: The 30th Annual Day With(out) Art | Speed Art Museum

    Visual AIDS has commissioned seven new short videos responding to the ongoing HIV/AIDS epidemic. The topics range from anti-stigma work in New Orleans to public sex culture in Chicago, highlighting pioneering AIDS activism and staging intergenerational conversations.

    When: December 1, 1 p.m.
    Where: Speed Art Museum, 2035 S. Third St.
    Website: Still Beginning: The 30th Annual Day With(out) Art
    Cost: Free to attend


    Making Krampus Art Class with Ryan Case | Seidenfaden's

    Join artist Ryan Case in creating a Krampus inspired art project. Each ticket includes all art supplies and two complimentary zombie shots.

    When: December 1, 6 p.m.
    Where: Seidenfaden's, 1134 E. Breckinridge St.
    Website: Making Krampus Art Class with Ryan Case
    Cost: $40


    Dine with Santa | Captain's Quarters

    Join Captain's Quarters for their annual Santa brunch or dinner. Enjoy a dining experience with the big man himself and 

    When: December 1, noon & 5 p.m.
    Where: CQ Riverside Grille, 5700 Captains Quarters Road
    Website: Dine with Santa
    Cost: $35 

    Cover photo: Pexels.com


              

    Why the ‘Ok Boomer’ phenomenon is short-sighted

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    Starting as an internet meme, the ‘OK boomer’ trend has exploded, from TikTok videos to merchandise including hoodies, iPhone cases and shower curtains. Image taken from Amazon.com.

    The “Ok Boomer” meme, which many young people are using online as a rebuttal against out-of-touch baby boomers, taps into frustrations disproportionately experienced by millennials and Generation Zers—particularly in Canada’s most unaffordable cities. Unfortunately, however, the meme also represents a discourse that ignores the many older people experiencing poverty, discrimination and hardship.

    The meme began as a rallying cry for young internet users responding to a TikTok video, in which a white-haired man claims “the millennials and Generation Z have the Peter Pan syndrome, they don’t ever want to grow up.” According to New York Times columnist Taylor Lorenz, teenagers quickly started using the phrase as a reply to “basically any person over 30 who says something condescending about young people.”

    Now, savvy merchants have cashed in, transforming “Ok Boomer” into a fast-selling product line, allowing youth to express their frustrations at the older folk with t-shirts, hoodies and baseball caps.

    “The older generations grew up with a certain mind-set, and we have a different perspective,” designer Shannon O’Connor told the New York Times. “A lot of them don’t believe in climate change or don’t believe people can get jobs with dyed hair, and a lot of them are stubborn in that view.”

    In other words, the great social battles of our time are being fought primarily along generational lines—or so this narrative would have it.

    However, while it is true that millennials are much less likely to achieve the same material comforts as members of their parents’ generation (like buying property in Vancouver or Toronto), many low-income Canadians from older generations face similar struggles to their younger counterparts.

    For example, according to the Canadian Rental Housing Index, the primary household maintainer was aged between 45 and 64 in 195,035 rental households and aged over 65 in 94,801 such households in British Columbia in 2016. 22 percent of renters aged 45 to 64 and 21 percent of those aged 65 and over spent 50 percent or more of their income on rent and utilities.

    While a slightly higher percentage of 15 to 29 year-old renters spent half their income on rent (28 percent), a large number of adults effectively living in rent poverty fall roughly into the baby boomer age range.

    Significant numbers of people belonging to the older generations experience poverty and hardship in other ways as well.

    In 2017, 238,000 Canadians aged 65 and over lived below the poverty line. A CIBC poll last year found 32 percent of all Canadians aged between 45 and 64 have no retirement savings.

    A 2014 survey found that 15.6 percent of people who said they experienced “hidden homelessness”—defined by the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness as “the situation of an individual or family without stable, permanent, appropriate housing, or the immediate prospect, means and ability of acquiring it”—were aged 55 and over.

    A 2017 survey by Statistics Canada, meanwhile, found that the prevalence of disability leaps from 15.3 to 24.3 percent when people reach 45 to 64 years old. Disability puts people at a higher risk of falling into poverty, and the survey noted that 10.4 percent of over-65s with severe disabilities were living below the poverty line.

    Jacobin editor Bhaskar Sunkara noted similar hardships faced by older generations in the US, with many approaching retirement with little or no savings.

    “They were victims of corporate raiders, neoliberal deregulation and predatory loans – and the situation is even more dire for those of them who are black and brown,” he wrote.

    These are just a few examples of the groups of vulnerable people who are too easily forgotten when we replace a class-based analysis of social inequality with a shallow ‘millennial-versus-boomer’ discourse.

    Notwithstanding perceived differences in attitudes that might exist between age groups, it iss better to stand in solidarity with boomers living in poverty, struggling with disability and/or racial, sexual, or other forms of discrimination, rather than identifying with people simply because they happen to have been born at around the same time as us.

    True, the “Ok Boomer” meme is probably, in most cases, targeted at that red-faced equity-rich uncle who bought his multi-million dollar detached Vancouver home for $600,000 in 2005, and now rails against his children for buying too much avocado toast instead of saving up for a 20 percent down payment on a million-dollar house.

    Yet wealthy elites of all ages—from Chip Wilson and Jeff Bezos, to Mark Zuckerberg and former Uber executive Ryan Graves—share a common interest in lower taxes, fewer regulations and less public investment in the social safety net.

    No doubt those billionaires would prefer to see young people venting their frustrations at irritating uncles instead of calling for progressive measure such as income redistribution and a wealth tax.

    So, a simple question to ask yourself might be: do you have more in common with a Lamborghini-driving twenty-something wearing an “Ok Boomer” sweatshirt, or a fifty-something handing over half their income to a landlord?

    For most of us, the answer is the latter.

    Alex Cosh is a PhD student and journalist based in Powell River, BC.


              

    Začína sa nový ročník Svetového pohára v behu na lyžiach, v akcii dvojica Slovákov

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    Aj s dvojicou slovenských reprezentantov odštartuje v piatok vo fínskom stredisku Ruka nový ročník Svetového pohára v behu na lyžiach.
              

    Unity - Building your mobile app (Including Tizen)

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    This tutorial is going to show you how to build your app for most mobile platforms.

    We’re going to build the applications for Android and iOS, but also for other minor platforms that Unity supports. This will not cover submitting the application to the various stores though.

    Before your build

    This initial configuration process is common to every platform and it is done inside Unity before exporting the application.

    Open the “Player” (bottom left button from the build window) and setup your app name, icons and bundle identifier. For Android and Tizen you also need to setup the minimum api version that your application will support. This version will need to match the one configured in android studio and tizen studio respectively as minimum api/deployment version. You can find it from Settings inside Android Studio and Tizen Studio.

    If you’re building for release remember to also untick “Development Build” from the build editor in Unity.

    Building for iOS

    • Download Xcode from Apple Developer Website if you’re a registered developer or from the AppStore if you’re not
    • Download command line tools from Apple Developer Website or run xcode-select install from the Command Line
    • Login to your Developer Account (or normal account) in Xcode
    • Build the application from inside Unity -> Build.
    • After building, Unity will automatically open Xcode. Sometimes if does not, in these cases you can select the generated .xcodepoj file and open it manually with Xcode.
    • From inside Xcode you will need to setup code signing. Since Xcode 8 automatic code signing works decently well so use that if you’re not an expert by clicking on your project > Code Signing > Tick automatic > Select the development account. If you do not have one choose personal, this will only allow you to run applications to your personal device and not submit it to the store.
    • Connect your device from the top left dropdown and click run.

    Building for Apple TV

    The process to build your application for Apple TV you can simply follow the iOS guide, it’s 80% the same.

    If you get a code signing issue you need to log in to the developer website and manually generate a provisioning profile for Apple TV and download it. After the download completes you can double click to add it to your keychain.

    I also had to turn off automatic code signing from Xcode and manually select the provisioning profile that I had just downloaded or it would not work. [This might get fixed in future Xcode versions or it might already been fixed by the time you read this.]

    Building for Android

    • Download the latest version of the jdk from openjdk
    • Download android studio from Google and install the android sdk when prompted
    • Open Android Studio and go to Preferences
    • Install the api support for the versions you want to build to (your test device version and the most recent version are two good candidates if you’re unsure)
    • Install the “cli tools” for your OS from Android Studio
    • Link your jdk and android sdk installation location on disk from inside Unity
    • You can now run your application to your device connected via USB from inside Unity

    Building for Tizen

    • Download Tizen Studio from Samsung website
    • Download the Tizen sdk when prompted
    • Link the sdk from inside Unity (inside the “Player” section)
    • Open Tizen Studio and create a signing certificate, you will need this to run the application and submit it to the store
    • Configure the Tizen cli tools as follows:

      1. Make sure you have already generated a certificate
      2. Open tizen studio and create a new native tizen application
      3. Open the terminal and cd to the folder of the project you just made
      4. Type: /Users/USER/tizen-studio/tools/ide/bin/tizen.sh cli-config --global "default.profiles.path=/Users/USER/workspace/.metadata/.plugins/org.tizen.common.sign/profiles.xml" changing /Users/USER/tizen-studio/tools/ide/bin/tizen.sh to the shell script inside the tizen sdk folder and changing USER to point to your user account.
    • Go back to unity -> PlayerSettings -> Tizen and fill the field “Signing Profile Name” with the name of your certificate
    • Close and reopen Unity
    • Restart your Mac
    • Go to /Users/USER/tizen-studio/tools/certificate-generator/certificates/ and add the certificates without password to keychain access (drag and drop it in), after adding manually right click on them and trust them
    • Do one last check and open /Users/USER/tizen-studio/tools/.tizen-cli-config and check if the config was set correctly (it happened that it said it was set and it didn’t set it)

    Note: If you have any third party Android or iOS plugins of any kind (analytics, ads, crash reporting, …) the build will fail. The only solution I found is to create another project without them and copy all the necessary files (without any plugin) and rebuild. There might be a better solution to it…

    All in all, not worth the hassle to support in my opinion, unless you really want the Asian/African market where Tizen has a big marketshare, but it was educational for sure.

    Building for Samsung TV

    Note: If you have any third party Android or iOS plugins of any kind (analytics, ads, crash reporting, …) the build will fail. The only solution I found is to create another project without them and copy all the necessary files (without any plugin) and rebuild. There might be a better solution to it…

    After that it just works by following the Android guide.

    Conclusion

    You’ve now built your app for iOS, Android and Tizen. You can now run it on a test device or register a new developer account with Apple, Google and Samsung (if you haven’t done already) and submit your app to the various stores.


              

    A Rediscovered Rubens to Hit Auction Block, Antiquities Dealer Charged, and More: Morning Links from November 29, 2019

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    Here's what we're reading this morning.
              

    The York Theatre Company Presents Limited Return Engagement Of FORBIDDEN BROADWAY: THE NEXT GENERATION

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    The York Theatre Company (James Morgan, Producing Artistic Director; Evans Haile, Executive Director), dedicated to the development of new musicals and rediscovery of musical gems from the past, will ...
              

    为团队寻找后端开发工程师(招聘)

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    写在前面

    程序员是“活到老学到老”的践行者,无论是前端开发者还是后端开发者,都是如此。希望你也是这样的程序员。

    再加入当前的公司(上海·桂林路)后,随着公司业务逐渐展开,发现团队里的事情也多起来了,因此开贴找一起共事一起学习的同事。

    后端开发工程师

    职位描述:

    • 参与完成项目的系统分析、设计,并负责业务功能与底层基础功能的功能设计、代码实现。

    希望你:

    • 有 2 年以上的后端开发经验;
    • 熟练使用 Java/Go/Python 中的一种或多种编程语言;
    • 了解并能熟练使用常见的数据库(Mysql、ElasticSearch、MongoDB、Redis 等);
    • 掌握计算机基本理论知识,包括基础网络、存储、算法等;
    • 如果自我感觉良好,可以不受上面条款的限制。

    欢迎邮件(zhjw43@163.com)骚扰。


              

    Banyu Biru (2005)

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    Banyu Biru (2005) A road movie on how to rediscover love. Banyu, a young supermarket customer service rep, is absorbed […]

    The post Banyu Biru (2005) appeared first on Ayo Nonton Online.


              

    D​e ce exista copii cu probleme de dezvoltare si cum pot toti copiii sa creasca frumos

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    Anumite variante ale genelor cresc predispozitia unei persoane la depresie, anxietate, tulburare hiperkinetica cu deficit de atentie si comportamente antisociale, sociopate sau violente. Insa in loc sa considere aceasta gena "de risc" ca fiind o slabiciune, Boyce schimba modul in care ne raportam la fragilitatea umana, dovedind ca, desi aceste gene "rele" pot crea probleme, in situatia si mediul adecvate, pot sa duca la aparitia unor copii care nu doar ca se descurca mai bine decat inainte, dar care isi depasesc cu mult colegii.


              

    The Case for and Against Stressful Deadlines

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    Today’s Tuesday Reading, “The Case for and Against Stressful Deadlines” comes to us from the pen of Laura Vanderkem and recently appeared at FastCompany.com.  Vanderkem is a well-known writer who questions the status quo and helps readers rediscover their true passions and beliefs in pursuit of more meaningful lives.

    Some of us abhor deadlines, some of us, like the author, has a thing for deadlines and doesn’t like to miss them.  On one hand, if you want to manage anything well, you have to have some deadlines, but do deadlines create stresses that impede our creativity?  As Vanderkem says, it’s more complicated.

    Drawing on work by Richard Boyatzis, a professor at Case Western Reserve University who studies organizational behavior and cognitive science and that of Teresa Amabile, professor at the Harvard Business School who has had hundreds of people keep work diaries which were analyzed for mood, work quality, etc. Vanderkem has come to a number of helpful conclusions about deadlines:

    1. The more stressful a deadline is, the less open you are to other ways of approaching the problem.  Great ideas don’t necessarily come to us on a schedule.  “So asking a team to come up with the most amazing marketing campaign ever in the next two hours won’t work.” 

    2.  “While participants [in Amabile’s studies] ”were giving evidence of less creative thinking on time-pressured days, they reported feeling more creative on those days.“  Most likely when you think you are doing your best work, you’re not.  Boyatzis told Vanderkem, ”You show me somebody who says, ‘I’m an adrenaline junkie, I perform my best under stress,’ and I’ll show you an idiot.“

    3.  Setting a deadline according to Boyatzis allows you to clear away other stuff and focus on the task.

    4.  Self-imposed deadlines enable you to balance focus and the absence of tight external time pressures.  Boyatzis says:  ”My sense is that if it’s your own internally driven [deadline], it’s more engaging and it’s less stressful because you’re setting it."

    5.  For those large, long projects, setting intermediate deadlines can create a motivating sense of progress.

    Deadlines are a tool in your leadership toolkit.  Know your people so that you can collaborate with them to set appropriate deadlines to enable them to do their best work in a timely manner.

    .  .  .  .     jim

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    La giunta ha deliberato i criteri per l'elenco regionale della menzione vigna

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    Il Dipartimento Agricoltura e Risorse Agroalimentari comunica che la Regione Calabria ha deliberato i criteri per la predisposizione dell’elenco regionale della menzione vigna.
    Questo importantissimo strumento consentirà al ter ...

              

    Five Rediscovered Classics I’ve Read

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    I could devote this post (and many more) to the classics I read decades ago but I’ve not reread them for some time so that would be cheating. Instead, I’ve decided to stick with five reissued, lesser known books that thoroughly deserved the burst of renewed attention they attracted. Here are five rediscovered classics, four […]

    The post Five Rediscovered Classics I’ve Read appeared first on A life in books.


              

    Fifty Shades of Grey - Inner Goddess Jiggle Balls Pleasure Balls

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    Develop and train your perineum with these elegant Inner Goddess Jiggle Balls vaginal balls from the official Fifty Shades of Grey collection. Their ergonomic shape and lightness make it easy for women to begin perineal training. Let yourself be rocked by the delicious internal movements of the balls, that will caress you as you move around.

    Rediscover the steamy adventures of Anastasia and Christian Grey, with these easy-to-insert and discrete vaginal balls. They increase your...



    Price: CHF 24.90
              

    How To Select The Best Brush for Finishing

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    How To Select The Best Brush for Finishing 7
    How you apply a wood finish can be as important as the finish itself. Although there are many other popular methods of applying finishes - rags, non-abrasive pads, etc. - many people prefer using a brush. When using a brush, the goal is avoiding brush marks, wasting too much finish, and getting a nice long stroke that doesnt require you to dip the brush into the finish endlessly. The cost of the brush is usually a consideration as well.

    Quick-drying finishes such as shellac or lacquer require extremely fine-haired natural animal hair brushes that will give you a long stroke without brush marks. If the brush is well-made and the hair is dense enough, you'll also get a very long stroke with very evenly controlled release of the finish.

    Polyurethanes and other varnishes don't dry as fast and are therefore self-leveling. (In this context I am using the word varnish to mean finishes that form a layer on top of the wood.) With a self-leveling finish if there are few brush marks after you put down the stroke finish, by the time finish dries the brush marks will be gone.

    Oils and oil-based varnishes are really designed to soak into the wood, so what you really want to do is apply ample finish and remove the excess. Brushes are better for the application of the oil than its removal. Rags and abrasive pads are much better for this step; youll get some burnishing effect when you apply some elbow grease in the removal of an oil finish. (Oil-soaked rags must be disposed of safely - more on this topic below.)

    Waterborne finishes demand a specific kind of brush. A natural follicle of hair has a hole in its middle, so using natural ox hair or china bristle for a waterborne finish poses a problem: in many cases the hair will absorb water and go limp. A far better alternative would be an artificial hair brush.

    We stock a fairly broad range of brushes for your finishing needs.

    At the very top of our range of brushes is our 100% ox hair brush. This is a natural brush with lots of very, very fine hair ideal for quick drying, non-water-soluble finishes. It can give you a very long stroke with controlled-release of material and no brush marks. The fine hair also allows the brush to conform exactly to uneven or complicated surfaces (i.e., moulding, curves etc..). Unlike some other "shellac" or "beaver " brushes on the market, our brush is made of 100% European ox hair, a very fine hair, not china bristle. China bristle is a hog bristle that is been split at the very ends to give it a finer performance. China bristle works, but you won't get the long control stroke and you will get more brushmarks.

    Ox brushes do not perform well with waterborne finishes, even quick drying ones. As previously noted, waterborne finishes make the brushes hair go limp. The solution is artificial hair. We offer brushes that use synthetic beaver hair - also very fine and also used in abundance in the brush for a luxurious feel.

    Both of these brushes are expensive, possibly some of the most expensive finishing brushes on the market today. But they will reward you with great performance and long life. Ox hair brushes should not be used with polymerizing finishes simply because you can't clean them hundred percent and the brush will quickly get ruined especially with all that fine hair. Care of the finishing brush for shellac and lacquer is simpler: you dont even need to clean the brush after use. The leftover finish will be redissolved in solvent next time you use the brush. With artificial hair after applying a waterborne finish, thoroughly wash the brush with soap and water and let it air dry.

    For regular varnishes and other polymerizing finishes, we recommend either our round body China bristle brushes with either a flat or chisel tip. These brushes are a fraction of the cost of our superfine finishing brushes, and for self-leveling finishes just nice brushes to use.

    China bristle brushes also work well for applying paints and other types of pigments.

    Of course, not everyone prefers a brush. Another alternative for shellac is rubbing it on. This is the way a classic French polish is applied, using a pad charged with shellac. A classic rubbed- on French polish is the finest finish I have ever seen, no exceptions. Often people French polish all the flat parts and use the ox brushes for all the moldings and things you can't rub back-and-forth.

    For Osmo hardwax oils and similar finishes, we recommend a white non-abrasive Bear-tex pad over the brush because you can apply the finish thinly. But thats a matter of personal taste.

    There is a real temptation when you're finishing to use a disposable foam brush. As long as the finish is self-leveling and doesn't dry instantly, you should be fine using one. But dont skip on a foam brush either. Cheaper ones have a tendency to disintegrate in use - so have spares.

    Applying oil finish is also very commonly done with a rag. In my view, rags arent as fast or as effective as the White BearTex pads, but it does work. But be sure to mind the following safety tip if you use rags. After you are done, gather the oil-soaked rags. The rags will give off heat and can burst into flames,. I personally know of three cases of shops and homes burning down because they a pile of forgotten rags smoldered and caught on fire. So either hang out each rag as if on an empty clothesline so each one can easily dry without its heat accumulating. Another option is to put your rags in a bucket of water.

    Here are a few interesting links:
    The Art of Brushmaking

    In our article on the art of brushmaking we also have video of how our European Ox brushes are made


    How to apply Osmo Top Oil

    Wood finishing with Osmo Oil



              

    Elizabeth I’s terrible handwriting helps scholar identify a manuscript written by Good Queen Bess herself

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    Ill-formed letters helped University of East Anglia academic Dr John-Mark Philo identify the Queen as the author of a late 16th-century translation of Tacitus A newly rediscovered manuscript has just ...
              

    Vitamin B12 deficiency linked to obesity during pregnancy

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    Vitamin B12 deficiency impairs fat metabolism and may be associated with obesity during pregnancy, according to findings presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference. Pregnant women with low levels of vitamin B12 had metabolic markers indicative of increased fat production and reduced breakdown, which suggests that low vitamin B12 levels could predispose pregnant women to obesity.
              

    What is the Purpose of Income Taxes

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    Income taxes are used by the federal government to fund a number of different aspects of the economy and national infrastructure, including paying off national debt. The money collected by the federal government is redistributed throughout many portions of society, including the welfare programs and education and research facilities. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities […]
              

    Senior Software Engineer

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    MA-Chelmsford, Make an Impact as a Full-Stack Developer at a Company Delivering Top-Tier SaaS Security Management Products Join a talented team working at the technology arm of a global industry leader in security solutions. If you're a full-stack developer with expertise in C# and JavaScript and skill with backend technologies like SQL Server, Elastic Search, RabbitMQ and Redis, the role of Senior Software Engi
              

    Ahead of Summit, NATO Placates Trump, Plans for Reforms

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    As Britain prepares for the NATO leaders’ meeting outside London December 3-4, the alliance said Thursday it had agreed to redistribute costs and cut the U.S. contribution to its central budget.   NATO’s central budget is relatively small at around $2.5 billion a year, mostly covering headquarters operations and staff, and different than its defense budget. […]

    Джерело: Скелети


              

    ATP Challenger: Jozef Kovalík celkovým víťazom turnaja v Portugalsku

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    Slovenský tenista Jozef Kovalík sa stal víťazom challengerového turnaja v portugalskom stredisku Maia.
              

    Kovalík zdolal krajana Martina a postúpil do finále

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    Slovenský tenista Jozf Kovalík postúpil do finále challengerového turnaja v portugalskom stredisku Maia. V semifinále si ako desiaty nasadený poradil s krajanom a jednotkou "pavúka" Andrejom Martinom v dvoch setoch 6:1 a 6:4. Vo finále sa v nedeľu stretne s Francúzom Constantom Lestienneom.
              

    Upcoming Events - December 2019

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    A belated happy 40th anniversary to the Cambridge Archaeology Field Group and happy 10th anniversary to the Fenland Archaeological Society (FenArch)! Both societies celebrated their anniversaries last month. 
     

    Cambridge Antiquarian Society - Monthly Talk
    'Dear Mother and All: The WWI Letters of Stanley Parker of Rampton' by Alison Dickens
    Monday 2nd December 2019 at 6pm
    Faculty of Law, West Road, Sidgwick Site, University of Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
    There is no charge for visitors or guests at lectures. New members are warmly welcomed.
    http://www.camantsoc.org/events.html

     
    Warboys Local History Society - Monthly Talk
    'Must Farm - New Discoveries by Mark Knight (CAU)
    Monday 2nd December 2019 at 7:30pm
    Methodist Church, 35 High St, Warboys, Huntingdon, PE28 2TA
    All welcome (Members: Free; Non-members: £3)
     

    Fane Road Archaeology Group - Monthly Talk
    'Peakirk Unwrapped: The archaeology of a Fen-edge settlement' by Avril Lumley Prior
    Monday 9th December 2019 at 7pm
    The Parkway Sports & Social Club, Maskew Avenue, Peterborough, PE1 2AS
    Peakirk is known for its association with St Pega, who reputedly founded a hermitage there and gave the settlement its place-name [‘Pega’s church’]. Whilst Peakirk’s history is sporadically-documented from the eleventh-century onwards, archaeological evidence indicates that the area first was colonised by Neolithic folk and that there was almost-continuous activity in the heart of the present village from the Romano-British period onwards.This talk unveils Peakirk’s story through a combination of archaeology, architecture, topography, maps, photographs and written sources. It also features the work of PAST [Peakirk Archaeological Survey Team], an independent, self-funding group, whose recent projects have included re-plotting the route of the Roman watercourse, the Car Dyke, dispelling the ‘tradition’ of a Romano-British villa, rediscovering ‘lost’ buildings and revealing more about Peakirk’s diverse and secret heritage. Dr Avril Lumley Prior developed an interest in Anglo-Saxon history during her childhood in Sunderland. After accepting a teaching post in Peterborough, in 1970, she transferred her attention from Northumbrian to Mercian studies. Upon her early retirement in 1995, Avril attained an MA and a PhD on historically-based subjects, both at Leicester University. She is currently conducting research in and around Peakirk and regularly presents and publishes her findings. With her husband, Greg, she is a founder member of PAST [Peakirk Archaeological Survey Team].
    All welcome (Members: Free; Non-members: £5).
    https://peterborougharchaeology.org/event/peakirk-unwrapped-the-archaeology-of-a-fen-edge-settlement/


              

    December 2019 Reinsurance Newsletter

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    In our December 2019 Reinsurance Newsletter we discuss non-signatories being bound by arbitration clauses, a case involving who decides arbitrability questions, a functus officio case, a remand to an arbitration panel to clarify an arbitration award, and an update on TRIA.  A number of other case developments are digested as well.  Please enjoy.  Feedback is always welcomed.… Continue Reading
              

    CISL,CGIL E UIL INIDICONO UNA SETTIMANA DI MOBILITAZIONE DAL 10 Al 17 DICEMBRE SU MANOVRA ,RINNOVO DEI CONTRATTI E RIFORMA

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    Giovedì, 28 Novembre, 2019 - 15:00
    Mobilitazione  Roma 12 dicembre 2019

    LavoroCgil Cisl Uil lanciano una nuova mobilitazione . 

    il 10,12 e 17 Dicembre manifestazioni nazionali a Roma in Piazza Santi Apostoli.

    Nello specifico il 12 Dicembre per chiedere il #rinnovo dei contratti  pubblici, la stabilizzazione del personale docente e non docente, la riforma nella Pubblica Amministrazione,la defiscalizzazione degli aumenti contrattuali

    Da CISL Scuola

    Con un comunicato unitario delle tre confederazioni viene annunciata una settimana di mobilitazione sui temi della manovra economica in discussione alle Camere e per sollecitare, insieme al rinnovo dei contratti, l'avvio di una stagione di riforme a sostegno di una ripresa della crescita che assicuri occupazione e lavoro nel quadro di un rafforzato stato sociale. Di seguito il documento unitario.

    Cgil, Cisl, Uil confermano e ribadiscono il proprio giudizio in merito alla manovra economica, il cui iter parlamentare è ancora in corso. Apprezzano la disponibilità dimostrata dall’Esecutivo e la conseguente ripresa del dialogo e di una parte dei contenuti proposti dal governo, ma ritengono insufficienti le risorse che pure sono state messe in campo sui capitoli della piattaforma unitaria. I risultati ottenuti sono il frutto sia dell’enorme partecipazione di lavoratori, pensionati e giovani alle iniziative di piazza, avviate sin dallo scorso 9 febbraio, sia del successivo confronto con il Governo, ma non sono affatto esaustive delle rivendicazioni unitarie.
    Cgil, Cisl Uil ritengono che sia necessario dare continuità alla mobilitazione, non solo per evitare peggioramenti e sollecitare alcuni miglioramenti della manovra che sarà approvata definitivamente entro la fine dell’anno, ma anche per chiedere di avviare una stagione di riforme, da condurre in porto già nei prossimi mesi.
    A sostegno di queste rivendicazioni e di tutte le altre richieste contenute nella piattaforma, sia per la manovra in corso di approvazione sia in vista del prossimo Def, Cgil, Cisl, Uil indicono una settimana di mobilitazione con iniziative nei territori e tre manifestazioni/assemblee nazionali aperte, che si svolgeranno in Piazza Santi Apostoli a Roma.
    Il 10 Dicembre dedicata alle questioni del mezzogiorno, dell’industria, dei servizi e di uno sviluppo ambientalmente sostenibile, contro i licenziamenti, a sostegno dell’occupazione e delle vertenze aperte, per l’estensione degli ammortizzatori sociali, per la riforma degli appalti e dello “sblocca cantieri.
    Il 12 Dicembre per chiedere il rinnovo dei contratti pubblici e privati, il superamento dei contratti pirata, la riforma e le assunzioni nella Pubblica Amministrazione, la defiscalizzazione degli aumenti contrattuali.
    Il 17 Dicembre sulla riforma fiscale per una redistribuzione a vantaggio dei lavoratori dipendenti e dei pensionati e per ridurre il fenomeno dell’evasione; sulla previdenza, per un’effettiva rivalutazione delle pensioni e per proseguire nell’opera di riforma della legge Fornero in un’ottica di effettiva flessibilità verso il pensionamento; per chiedere un welfare più giusto e una legge sulla non autosufficienza.
    Le tre manifestazioni/assemblee vedranno protagonisti le delegate e i delegati dei lavoratori che al governo e alle imprese porranno i problemi delle rispettive imprese e da quelli i temi e le proposte avanzate nella piattaforma unitaria e discusse nelle assemblee dei lavoratori. Una modalità che vuole essere anche una strada per rendere protagonisti i lavoratori, i loro problemi, la loro capacità di proposta.

    Roma, 27 novembre 2019


              

    ICTN 1 – About Towne

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    We’ll have highlights from Unite for Troops 2019 and check out Dallas Fan Days at the Irving Convention Center at Las Colinas. We travel to Valley Ranch to Rediscover Bruno’s Ristorante and get you ready to celebrate the holidays around Irving with
              

    Mehmet Açar : İronik bir işsizlik hikâyesi

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    Kıvanç Sezer'i 2016 yapımı işçi sınıfı filmi "Babamın Kanatları"nın yönetmeni olarak tanıyoruz..."Küçük Şeyler" ise bir orta sınıf filmi... İşten atılan Onur'un (Alican Yücesoy) ve eşi Bahar'ın (Başak Özcan) hikâyesi... İşini kaybetmek, özellikle "beyaz yakalı" orta sınıf mensupları için çağımızın en yaygın ve kaygı verici sorunlarından biri... Sonuçta, başta ev kredisi taksitleri olmak üzere sürekli borç içinde yaşayan birçok aile var. Yeni iş bulma stresi ve "elde avuçta" kalanla aile ekonomis...
              

    DI NOTTE UBRIACO ALLA GUIDA DI UN’AUTO: 30ENNE DENUNCIATO

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    Prosegue l’azione dei Carabinieri della Compagnia di Baiano, costantemente impiegati in servizi di controllo del territorio predisposti dal Comando Provinciale di Avellino, finalizzati, oltre alla prevenzione dei reati in genere, anche alla sicurezza stradale, sia sulle principali arterie che nei centri abitati, ancora troppo spesso teatri di gravi incidenti le cui conseguenze sono rese maggiormente …
              

    Eight things you didn’t know about George Eliot

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    Throughout her life, George Eliot was known by many names – from Mary Anne Evans at birth, to Marian Evans Lewes in her middle age, to George Eliot in her fiction – with the latter name prevailing in the years since her death through the continued popularity of her novels. Eliot has long been recognised as one of the greatest Victorian writers, in life and in death, having published seven acclaimed novels and a number of poems, in addition to her work as a translator and a journalist.

    The post Eight things you didn’t know about George Eliot appeared first on OUPblog.


              

    Sentirsi squadra per riuscire a vincere

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    Sentirsi squadra per riuscire a vincere

    La fiera espositiva di CEA, realtà distributiva in seno a DG Group (gruppo Expert), ha ribadito anche nell’edizione 2019 il suo carattere strategico per i negozi di prossimità. Aggiungendo un evento di alto livello.

    Noi siamo sempre felici quando abbiamo l’opportunità di testimoniare il lavoro di chi cerca modi, percorsi, strategie a beneficio dei piccoli e medi punti vendita. Vale a dire di quegli operatori che, precipitati in un mercato che in pochi anni ha cambiato i connotati - pagando dazi pesantissimi sull’altare di numeri sempre più gonfi ma anche sempre più pericolosi per la salute dell’azienda - hanno bisogno come il pane di strumenti per difendere la loro prima prerogativa: la capacità di dialogare col consumatore finale e di individuare la soluzione migliore ai suoi problemi.

    Un’idea da nutrire e rafforzare
    Uno di questi strumenti è la fiera espositiva della Cea, la cooperativa con sede a Trento e che fa parte di DG Group, all’interno dell’organizzazione Expert. Un appuntamento che in pratica abbiamo visto nascere su iniziativa di Riccardo Galli, il direttore commerciale che da quasi due anni ha lasciato il posto a Sandro Compri. Il quale non solo ha capito che quella era un’idea da nutrire con amore, come si farebbe con una pianticella appena nata, ma che erano anche necessarie azioni di contorno per rafforzare il senso di squadra di soci ed affiliati. Ed ecco, allora, la nascita a marzo 2019 del sito fiduciaeconvenienza.it, rivolto al consumatore finale, che non fa altro che richiamare l’insegna, anch’essa appena nata. Un sito i cui contenuti vengono curati dalla redazione di Bianco & Bruno, e i cui risultati potete vedere nella pagina a fianco, colorati di arancione.

    Spiegazioni dettagliate
    Ma si parlava della fiera, giunta alla settima edizione. Il suo valore aggiunto è quello di sempre: permettere un contatto diretto tra l’industria e il singolo negoziante, che ormai ha visto diradarsi la possibilità di conoscere da vicino le novità che vende. E se non le conosce non può neppure venderle al meglio, perdendo il suo ruolo e i suoi clienti. Invece durante la giornata della fiera ogni rivenditore può passare di stand in stand per parlare direttamente con un funzionario dell’azienda, lì apposta proprio per spiegargli nel dettaglio i prodotti. L’aspetto culturale di questo mercato, nonostante la politica delle promozioni spinte e dei black friday ormai celebrati ogni settimana, resta l’elemento di base per chi voglia conservare la fiducia dei propri clienti. Una edizione, quella del 2019, che ha visto la partecipazione di oltre mille visitatori, e la presenza di 72 stand in rappresentanza di 87 brand, supportati da 236 funzionari delle aziende. Un appuntamento, dunque, in costante crescita che riverbera i propri effetti sull’intera organizzazione di Cea, che oggi conta 42 soci, quasi 200 affiliati a insegna Fiducia & Convenienza, oltre mille clienti e un fatturato che nelle proiezioni quest’anno sfonderà il muro dei 50 milioni di euro (dai 48,6 del 2018).

    Tensostruttura da 500 posti
    Numeri importanti, fuori dubbio, ma anche numeri che vanno continuamente curati, come quella pianticella di qualche riga fa. Ecco perché la fiera del 2019 ha messo in campo un evento per il quale è stata predisposta una ampia tensostruttura, accanto ai locali della manifestazione, con 500 posti a sedere. Un evento dedicato all’analisi di un aspetto essenziale per organizzazioni come Cea: il senso di squadra, di appartenenza. Non a caso, allora, il direttore commerciale Sandro Compri ha invitato Pasquale Gravina che, dopo aver vinto tutto nella pallavolo a livello mondiale qualche anno fa, si è trasformato in un brillante formatore e soprattutto motivatore di squadre di lavoro. Il suo è stato un intervento di alto profilo, oltre che estremamente interessante per quanto riguarda gli spunti pratici proposti alla platea. Una platea, peraltro, attenta dall’inizio alla fine: fatto più unico che raro. E una platea composta da operatori del settore provenienti da molte zone d’Italia, non escluso il Sud. E anche questo è un dettaglio da rimarcare, perché venire a Trento sobbarcandosi circa mille chilometri significa credere nel progetto di Fiducia & Convenienza. “Attorno” a Gravina si sono avvicendati i saluti del presidente di Cea, Mauro Tomaselli e dello stesso Compri, la relazione di Michele Felloni sul negozio di prossimità e del nostro editore Graziano Girotti. 

    Platea CEA.png


              

    Peter Taalas, responsable du climat à l’ONU : « Arrêtez de vous inquiéter, faites des bébés ! »

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    Texte de Ben Johnson traduit par Benoît Perrin.

    Le changement climatique est peut-être un problème, mais il ne détruira pas le monde. C’est ce qu’affirme le chef de l’agence des Nations unies consacrée au climat. Il ajoute que les jeunes gens ne doivent pas arrêter d’avoir des enfants.. Selon lui, la rhétorique alarmiste des « catastrophistes et extrémistes » selon laquelle les bébés vont détruire la planète « ressemble à l’extrémisme religieux » et « fera peser un poids supplémentaire » sur les jeunes femmes en « provoquant de l’anxiété ».

    Petteri Taalas n’est pas un « négationniste climatique ». Il est secrétaire général de l’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM), l’agence spéciale de l’ONU sur la météo et le climat, qui compte 193 états membres. Le dernier rapport de l’OMM sur le climat mondial affirme qu’il existe des preuves de l’existence de facteurs anthropiques à l’origine des émissions de carbone. Cependant, il ne met pas en lumière de « lien causal » avec les catastrophes naturelles. L’avant-propos de Taalas a été suivi de déclarations du secrétaire général de l’ONU et du président de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU. Et Taalas a récemment appelé à une « action urgente pour le climat ».

    Cela rend ses paroles apaisantes d’autant plus significatives.

    Le changement climatique causé par l’homme, dit Taalas, « ne sera pas la fin du monde. Le monde devient de plus en plus difficile. Dans certaines parties du globe, les conditions de vie se détériorent, mais les gens ont survécu dans des conditions difficiles. »

    La véritable menace aujourd’hui, dit-il, vient de l’extrémisme environnemental malavisé, qui exige que les hommes apportent des changements radicaux à leur vie économique — et personnelle —, sous peine de devenir complices d’un génocide.

    « Alors que le scepticisme climatique est devenu moins problématique, nous sommes maintenant contestés de l’autre côté », dit Taalas. « Ce sont des rabat-joie et des extrémistes. Ils profèrent des menaces. »

    À titre d’exemple de propositions extrêmes, Taalas dit que ces militants « exigent zéro émission [de carbone] d’ici 2025 ».

    Et leur foi rivalise avec celle du fanatique religieux le plus convaincu, affirme Taalas au journal financier finlandais Talouselämä (qui se traduit par « vie économique ») le 6 septembre (traduction anglaise ici).

    « Les rapports du GIEC [Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat] ont été lus de la même manière que la Bible. Vous essayez de trouver certains éléments ou sections à partir desquels vous essayez de justifier vos opinions extrêmes. Cela ressemble à l’extrémisme religieux », dit Taalas.

    Cet environnement polarisé a un impact négatif sur la santé mentale des jeunes, en particulier les femmes qui veulent avoir des enfants.

    « L’atmosphère créée par les médias a provoqué de l’anxiété. L’idée la plus récente est que les enfants sont une chose négative. Je m’inquiète pour les jeunes mères, qui sont déjà sous pression. Cela ajoute un poids supplémentaire sur leurs épaules. »

    La personne la plus importante à poser cette question cette année a été le député Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, qui a demandé dans une vidéo sur les médias sociaux : « Est-il acceptable d’avoir encore des enfants ? » Les écologistes avertissent que la plus grande empreinte carbone qu’une personne laissera jamais est le fait d’avoir des enfants. Le sénateur Bernie Sanders a récemment suggéré que les contribuables américains devraient financer l’avortement dans le monde entier afin de « réduire la surpopulation ». Manger de la viande réchaufferait aussi la terre à cause de ce que le Green New Deal qualifiait carrément de « vaches qui pètent ».

    Taalas rejette ces préoccupations : « Si vous vous mettez à vivre comme un moine orthodoxe », célibataire et avec un régime végétalien pendant les saisons de jeûne, « le monde ne sera pas sauvé pour autant ».

    Taalas mérite d’être entendu, à une époque où l’expression de « changement climatique » ne peut être prononcée sans le mot « catastrophique » : « S’adapter au changement climatique sera peut-être moins douloureux que d’adopter des solutions pour le prévenir. »

    Comme je l’ai noté lorsque le prince Harry et Meghan Markle ont annoncé qu’ils prévoyaient d’avoir « maximum » deux enfants, le rapport largement cité (et probablement peu lu) du GIEC estime le coût de la réparation de la planète si les politiques ne font absolument rien :
     

    Le GIEC a constaté que si les gouvernements du monde entier ne font rien pour réduire les émissions de CO2, ce qu’elle appelle « le scénario de référence sans politique », cela entraînera « une perte du produit intérieur brut (PIB) mondial de 2,6 % » d’ici 2100.

    Comparez cela, momentanément, au coût d’un effondrement de la population. Le FMI a constaté que dans les pays les plus développés comme le Royaume-Uni, la seule hausse des dépenses de santé publique « entre 2015 et 2050 équivaudrait à 57 % du PIB actuel, et la valeur actuelle nette de l’augmentation entre 2050 et 2100 atteindrait 163 % du PIB. »


    Si la population diminue, le seul coût pour les systèmes de protection sociale dépasse largement le coût de l’adaptation. Et ce n’est qu’un exemple parmi d’autres. Les propositions qui élimineraient des emplois et des possibilités en interdisant des industries utiles ou en redistribuant la richesse ne feront qu’aggraver la situation. Les 93 000 milliards de dollars du Green New Deal ne méritent peut-être pas d’être dépensés.

    Le regret de toute une vie de ces femmes qui n’auront jamais les enfants qu’elles auraient voulu, n’est pas anodin.

    Nous devons être bien conscients que ni les géants de l’entreprise que la gauche écologiste condamne, ni l’élite politique qu’elle valorise, ne supporteront le pire des changements économiques à venir. Souvent, ils n’adoptent pas non plus les changements de mode de vie qu’ils ont proposés. Ted Turner, ardent promoteur de la réduction de la population, a lui-même cinq enfants et élève des bisons. Les riches et les puissants auront toujours suffisamment de ressources pour faire face aux conséquences. Les pauvres et les classes moyennes du monde entier n’ont pas les moyens de se procurer de la viande ou de voyager, sont privés de possibilités d’emploi et leurs impôts augmentent de façon astronomique. Ce sont eux qui seront les plus durement touchés.

    Nous devons décider sagement quand, comment et si nous voulons nous adapter. Nous devons analyser la contribution de l’homme au changement climatique, identifier les pays qui en sont les principaux responsables et peser le coût de l’imposition de solutions souvent draconiennes par rapport au coût réel de l’adaptation à un environnement légèrement plus chaud. Et nous devons le faire en sachant que nous sauvons la planète dans un seul but : la transmettre à la génération suivante.

    En ce qui concerne le changement climatique, il ne suffit pas d’agir. En tant que chrétiens, nous devons au monde notre prudence.


              

    Banyu Biru (2005)

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    Banyu Biru (2005) A road movie on how to rediscover love. Banyu, a young supermarket customer service rep, is absorbed […]

    The post Banyu Biru (2005) appeared first on Lk21 Layarkaca21.


              

    Luminaria natalizia: al via a Cecina e Palazzi da sabato 30 novembre

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    luminaria

    Luminaria natalizia al via in centro da domani, sabato 30 novembre. Dopo varie prove tecniche ed il recente collaudo dal weekend, grazie al Comitato Luminaria composto dall'Amministrazione Comunale di Cecina, dalle associazioni Confcommercio, Confesercenti, CNA e CCN Cecina Centro insieme ai rappresentanti delle singole strade, saranno illuminate con una tenda di luci tipo “pioggia”, una sorta di cielo stellato in movimento, corso Matteotti, via Gori, viale Marconi, via Marrucci, via Buozzi, via Italia, vicolo San Giuseppe, via Da Vinci, via II Giugno e piazza Carducci.
    In piazza della Chiesa, piazza Guerrazzi, piazza della Libertà, via Diaz, via Cavour e nella zona pedonale di corso Matteotti, gli alberi saranno illuminati con un tubo luminoso e centinaia di lampadine mentre in vicolo San Leopoldo verrà creato un tetto di luci. Illuminate anche piazza XX Settembre e piazza Gramsci.

    A San Pietro in Palazzi, pur avendo una minore concentrazione di attività, gli esercizi commerciali presenti hanno raccolto i fondi necessari per avere la possibilità di installare appositi addobbi natalizi e rendere la frazione più accogliente. Come ormai da anni gli operatori commerciali e le altre imprese hanno aderito alla predisposizione della luminaria versando un contributo economico, “autotassandosi” per l'installazione degli addobbi natalizi per abbellire la nostra cittadina.

    L'Amministrazione, come negli anni passati, non ha lasciato “sole” le attività e si è fatta carico dei costi per la regolarizzazione delle chiome degli alberi, gli allacci elettrici e per l'acquisto dei 5 alberi di Natale che sono stati approntati con appositi plinti a: Cecina in Piazza della Chiesa e piazza Nilde Iotti, Marina in largo Cairoli e nella piazza della Terrazza dei Tirreni ed uno in piazza dei Mille in San Pietro in Palazzi nonché per illuminare il Palazzetto dei Congressi e la facciata della Chiesa.

    Gli ambulanti, attraverso le associazioni Fiva ed Anva che li rappresentano, si sono comunque sentiti in dovere dare un contributo.
    Anche gli Istituti di Credito presenti sul territorio comunale sono stati invitati a dare un contributo al fine di migliorare l'allestimento degli addobbi e delle iniziative natalizie di contorno per rendere il clima natalizio più gioioso possibile.

    Numerose saranno le iniziative natalizie nel mese di dicembre organizzate dal Centro Commerciale Naturale: ogni festività o weekend sarà motivo di incontro, ritrovo e divertimento in tutte le frazioni del Comune.
     


              

    New Books on the History Shelf

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    1 de dezembro de 2019

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    CHARLES EMILE JACQUE
    Galinhas num estábulo
    Óleo sobre tela - 21 x 39 cm - 1866

    BENEDITO JOSÉ DE ANDRADE
    Comício do papagaio
    Óleo sobre tela - 60 x 120 cm - 1974


              

    Engineering: API Development Engineer - Richfield, MN or Minneapolis, MN - Baton Rouge, Louisiana

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    U.S. Bank is seeking an API Development Engineer with API development (using Java/open source technologies) and testing experiences of building software products in agile lifecycle. This individual will be responsible for software development and support of the banks Onboarding platform which includes ensuring the quality of the final product through the build out of automated test framework & tools. The Development/Automation Engineer is a generalist that combines aspects of a traditional developer and tester into a single position responsible for the design and release of quality code in short, releasable, and iterative increments. The overall team is a combination of employees, contractors, and off shore developers. This position will include software development, automation test design, automation test harness development, and coordination with other groups within the bank to deliver the overall solution. It is critical for this position to have not only the technical skills relative to development and testing, but strong collaboration and communication skills in order to support this entire agile scrum team. Responsibilities include: Perform software coding tasks to the API development. Develops automated tests and test frameworks for back-end systems. Improve process and quality via test and process automation: Defining right strategy and technology based on process and architecture assessment by engaging different roles and stakeholders; Deep practical experience with cutting edge tools for Web, Mobile, Desktop, DB and API testing tools & frameworks. Utilizes deep understanding of DevOps and software engineering best practices to influence design and implementation approaches and solutions. Hands-on current experience authoring, building and adopting large scale, cross-functional automation frameworks with well-balanced coverage across UI, back-end, database integrations. Deep understanding of different test automation approaches (keyword-driven, Data-driven, BDD, hybrid) and technology stacks (Java, Spring, JavaScript, Python, etc.); Ability to develop custom test automation methodologies and adapt them to clients reality; Integrate test automation into CI/CD process and instrument full SDLC automation, specifically cloud testing execution, reporting tools such as JIRA. Leading the development, implementation, and maintenance of automated test scripts. Approves the Automation Test Plans. Serves as subject matter expert on complex automation scripting and tool usage. Performs needs analysis of applications and available testing tools. Leads the audit, evaluation, and review of products and processes. **Qualifications:** Basic Qualifications - Bachelor's degree in Computer Science or related fields, or equivalent work experience - At least eight years of work experience in Application Development/IT Systems Testing, and team leadership Preferred Skills/Experience - 6 years of progressive responsibilities in one or more of the following areas: API development and delivery, solution architecture, application design, Expertise in Java/Java EE and web-based applications and services. - 6 years of experience/expertise in large scale customer facing enterprise Java applications using Spring Core, Spring MVC, Spring Boot Frameworks. Object Relational Mapping (ORM), Java EE Design Patterns, JMS/Kafka , Webservices, relational database, NoSQL cloud supported databases (like Mongo DB, is preferred). - 3 years of experience Designing API (Domain Driven Design) & Microservices architecture/design/implementation. - 4 years of experience in customer facing Responsive Web Applications using RIA Front End Frameworks (like Angular). - 4 years of experience in managing agile/scrum engineer teams in a continuous integration and continuous delivery environment. - Demonstrated maturity and resilience in resolving people, process, and project issues. - Java, Java EE, Spring core, Spring Framework, Sprint Boot, Spring State machine (Expert-level Coding Skills). - Experience & exposure to Rules Engine (like Drools) and Work Flow Management (such as, JBPM) tools. - NoSQL Cassandra & Mongo DB. - Docker/Kubernetes, service mesh (like ISTIO), circuit breaker. - Scheduling - Spring Quartz. - Redis Cache Data caching. - Service/workflow orchestration Such as, Netflix Conductor, etc. - DevOps capabilities containers, cloud, automation, security, configuration management, CI/CD pipelines. - Behavior Driven Development Experience. - Experience using Gitlab/GitHub, Artifactory, Jira, and/or Jenkins. - AWS/Azure/GCP experience, is preferred. **Job:** Information Technology **Primary Location:** United States **Shift:** 1st - Daytime **Average Hours Per Week:** 40 **Requisition ID:** ********* U.S. Bank is an Equal Opportunity Employer committed to creating a diverse workforce. U.S. Bank is an equal opportunity employer committed to creating a diverse workforce. We consider all qualified applicants without regard to race, religion, color, sex, national origin, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability or veteran status, among other factors. Categories - Banking Posted: 2019-11-19 Expires: 2019-12-19 U.S. Bank ()
              

    Comment on gender identity by Solitaire

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    @ Open Minded Observer <em>"Does more testosterone chemically make males prefer toy trucks over toy kitchens? Does it naturally make males avoid skirts in the U.S. but wear kilts in Scotland? Does estrogen create a proclivity for make-up and more sophisticated soaps and pink shower scrunchies? I would argue that all of that is industry capitalizing on society’s misplaced stereotypes for profits.... I wonder if there would be as much dysphoria if society wasn’t so determined to pigeonhole us into one of two gender stereotypes."</em> & <em>"By that, do you mean the predisposition to behavior patterns that society will categorize into one gender or another or do you believe that there are clusters of masculine or feminine traits that occur together with enough frequency to support gender identity as biological rather than social?"</em> Interesting questions, which I've also been pondering for years. I know your last question was directed specifically to Abagond, but I hope you don't mind if I add my $.02 worth. My current theory is that there is something deep in our core that makes us feel male or female (or nonbinary). I also think that this deep feeling of gender identity is hard to define or explain. We have it, but we don't have a clear way to describe how we <b>know</b> our gender identity. So most people tend to latch onto whatever their particular society tells them is masculine or feminine as a way of expressing it. I do agree that people may experience confusion or dysphoria when their likes and dislikes don't fit into those gender pigeonholes. But I also have known boys who liked to play with dolls and dress-up, and girls who liked toy trucks and baseball, who grew up to be cis heterosexuals. So I'm not quite sure what to think; I don't know how often societal messages about acceptable gender expression and gender roles cause or contribute to body dysphoria. I also believe some trans people in the past actually were dealing with internalized homophobia rather than dysphoria. I hope this phenomenon is decreasing as societal acceptance of gay people increases.
              

    Comment on gender identity by Open Minded Observer

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    @Herneith "<em>Anyone here actually knows any transgendered people?</em>" Once upon a time. @Afrofem Interesting insight about people defining themselves by what they are not! They do seem to act threatened whenever something expands how others may perceive their identity as well. Unrelated/related, Ford recently revealed a crossover SUV as the 2021 Mustang and many owners for whom the current 2-door "muscle car" iteration of the Mustang is part of their identity reacted very negatively. Suddenly, enduring the impracticality of a small, 2-door, rear drive, big motor vehicle for the sheer joy of driving lost all meaning as they turned an icon into a practical suburban transporter of families and sports gear. I suspect people like BB40B place so much value on other's perception of what "manhood" means that altering, blurring or even erasing that by being able to simply change how you identify must feel very threatening to him. My guess is those people have no idea who they would be without society's convenient labels telling them who they are. @Abagond "<em>From what I understand both gender identity and sexual orientation are most likely set by birth or very soon after.</em>" By that, do you mean the predisposition to behavior patterns that society will categorize into one gender or another or do you believe that there are clusters of masculine or feminine traits that occur together with enough frequency to support gender identity as biological rather than social?
              

    12/1/2019: Lifestyle: Editor’s Note

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    Are assholes born or made? I’m pretty sure that some people have an unfortunate genetic predisposition to be nastier, less empathetic and more self-centred than others. But there’s strong evidence that the right conditions can make an asshole out of...
              

    WHAT’S THE BUZZ, TELL ME WHAT’S A HAPPENNIN’?

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    * It is fast approaching the time of year when FORBES.COM’s TaxGirl Kelly Phillips Erb posts her annual “The Twelve Days of Charitable Giving ”.


    * Staying with KPE, she discusses “Divorce, Retirement Accounts & Taxes: The Importance Of Getting It Right”, also at FORBES.COM.

    * And a post from her original TAXGIRL.COM blog provides us with a KPE trifecta.  She gives us an “Ask The Taxgirl” item, answering the question “Are Home Equity Loans Still Deductible?”.

    * A new post at AMERICANS FOR COMMON SENSE - "Religion and Politics".

    * The NSTB BLOG identifies “Tax Resources for Military Personnel”.

    * Kay Bell tells us “IRS conducting in-person tax compliance visits in 3 states” at DON’T MESS WITH TAXES.

    The 3 states are Arkansas, Texas and Wisconsin.

    Basically, according to the IRS, its agents will contact taxpayers, again individual and business, who have a previously known tax issue that wasn't resolved through mail contact.”

    * THE TAX FOUNDATION supplies us with a tool for “Tracking the 2020 Presidential Tax Plans” of the Democratic candidates.

    I do not support Democratic tax policies of taxing the rich simply because they can afford it and using the Tax Code to deliver government benefits and redistribute wealth.  Click here for my views on tax reform.

    While tax policy is important, and it is important to know a candidate’s tax and other policies, the most important criteria for selecting a Democratic candidate for President in 2020 is the ability to defeat Trump.  No issue is more important in 2020 than removing Trump from the White House.

    * Jim Buttonow lists “Ten major trends in IRS audits” at ACCOUNTING TODAY.

    Some interesting trends.  Specifically, “Most audits are done by mail”, 75% mail audits and 25% office or field audits for 2018, and this -



    THE LAST WORD

    To all the Republicans out there, in and out of Congress - it comes down to this.

    Do you believe career diplomats and members of the intelligence community whose primary concern is protecting the national security of the US or a totally self-absorbed ignorant and incompetent moron whose ONLY concern is protecting himself?

    The answer is obvious to anyone with a brain and a conscience. 

    Those who still support and defend Trump either have no brain or no conscience - or neither.

    TTFN
















              

    Düşük faiz ikinci ele yaradı

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    Faiz indirimleri ikinci elde kullanılan konut kredisi oranı söz konusu süre içinde yüzde 55’ten yüzde 65’e yükseldi.
              

    Heirloom Flower Gardens Rediscovering And Designing With Classic Ornamentals

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    Heirloom Flower Gardens Rediscovering And Designing With Classic Ornamentals
              

    Illustration Pack 2: Forests

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    Illustration Pack 2: ForestsPublisher: Sqeezi Games

    This product features 8 forest illustrations in various sizes. A bordered version of each image is included, for a total of 16 images.

    You may use this stock art for your games, printed projects, 3d projects, and more.


    License:

    You may use the artwork in you personal or commercial projects:

    • You may use the art in a single project for commercial use
    • You can rotate, resize, or crop the image to fit your project
    • Artist's name must appear in product's credits
    • You may NOT resell, give for free, or otherwise redistribute the image, even for non-commercial use
    • Image may NOT be included in clipart or stock art collections


    If you have any questions regarding this license, or need artwork customized, please contact us.

    Price: $6.69
              

    redis相关知识

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    redis的数据存储在哪里 Redis中是把数据保存到内存中的,但是它也会定期的把数据写会到硬盘中。 Redi […]
              

    Cerchiamo elettricisti per impianti sciististi Colomion di Bardonecchia (TO)

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    Buongiorno a tutti, Vi contattiamo dalla società Colomion di Bardonecchia (TO). Stiamo ricercando degli elettricisti da collocare negli impianti sciistici per la stagione invernale. La risorsa si occuperà di: - Ricerca e riparazioni guasti schede elettriche - Ricerca e riparazione guasti impianti industriali - Ricerca e riparazione guasti impianti bassa tensione Il candidato ideale si presenta con i seguenti requisiti: - Diploma di scuola superiore tecnica - Esperienza pregressa nella mansione - Possessore di attestato di antincendio (rischio medio) e primo soccorso - Flessibilità e disponibilità in termini di orari e di giorni (weekend e i festivi) - Predisposizione a lavorare in gruppo Chiedo cortesemente alle persone interessate di inviare per e-mail (federicasottemano@bardonecchiaski.com) i vostri Cv. Per ulteriori informazioni contattateci al numero 3357788458. Cordiali saluti Sottemano Federica
              

    Governo Musumeci a Ustica: “Un ddl per valorizzare le isole minori”

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    La giunta si è riunita in seduta straordinaria nell'isola palermitana e ha dato mandato all'assessore Tusa di predisporre il disegno di legge

    The post Governo Musumeci a Ustica: “Un ddl per valorizzare le isole minori” appeared first on il Mattino di Sicilia.


              

    IT - Helpdeskmedewerker - V-IT - Brussels, Antwerp

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    V-IT is op zoek naar voltijdse Helpdeskmedewerkers voor verschilllende regio's. Wij zoeken stressbestendige enthousiastelingen met een bachelor informatica of gelijkwaardig door ervaring kennis van de gangbare systemen: Windows operating systems, MS Office, Active Directory, softwaredistributie, packaging en scripting volgende karaktereigenschappen: zeer klantgericht, werkwillig, vlot, initiatiefnemend, flexibel, teamplayer, sterk analytisch met een probleemoplossend vermogen zeer...
              

    Reprise du séminaire Mondes Américains / CIRESC

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    « Pratiques sociales de la racialisation, de l'altérisation et de la domination dans l'esclavage et le post-esclavage » Ce séminaire commun au centre Mondes américains (CNRS, UMR 8168) et au CIRESC (CNRS, USR 2002) retrace, dans une perspective pluridisciplinaire, la généalogie des pratiques d'altérisation qui fondent la stratification des sociétés esclavagistes et post-esclavagistes. Les séances se tiennent les 2e et 4e vendredis du mois de 15 h à 17 h en salle 3 au 105 Bd Raspail, 75006. Référents (...) - Actualités
              

    Studente aggredisce professore in classe con una sedia: insegnante di 31 anni trovato morto in casa

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    Un alunno lo colpisce con una sedia in classe e il professore muore dopo una settimana. Lee Sims, 31 anni insegnava alla Ysgol Bryn Castell in Galles quando è stato colpito da una sedia...
              

    Aggredisce l'ex moglie in lavanderia e poi torna nel negozio: 48enne finisce in carcere

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    La prima aggressione risale a inizio novembre e nonostante il divieto di avvicinamento e i domiciliari l'uomo si era...
              

    Senior Software Engineer

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    MA-Chelmsford, Make an Impact as a Full-Stack Developer at a Company Delivering Top-Tier SaaS Security Management Products Join a talented team working at the technology arm of a global industry leader in security solutions. If you're a full-stack developer with expertise in C# and JavaScript and skill with backend technologies like SQL Server, Elastic Search, RabbitMQ and Redis, the role of Senior Software Engi
              

    Bird Dogs, Penguins & Pirates: The Fantastical World Of Celeste Watch Company

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    Celeste Wong is an example of what can happen when you change gears in mid-career to follow another dream. After a successful career as an engineer, Celeste rediscovered her childhood fascination with watches and made it her second act. As an engineer and educator for...

    The post Bird Dogs, Penguins & Pirates: The Fantastical World Of Celeste Watch Company appeared first on aBlogtoWatch.


              

    Are teenagers more vulnerable to the effects of opioids?

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    The younger you are when you are exposed to opioids, the higher the likelihood of addiction later in life. The prefrontal cortex is not fully formed until the age of 25. This means that alterations in the “feel-good” neurotransmitters, specifically dopamine (released by opioids), can have an effect that predisposes the person towards future opioid […]

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    La protesta en Chile le regala más descontento a Piñera por su cumpleaños

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    Santiago de Chile, 1 dic (EFE).- Cumplidos 45 días de protestas en Chile, que han dejado al menos 23 fallecidos, el estallido social parece lejos de haber terminado y este domingo la protesta se aproximó al domicilio del presidente Sebastián Piñera para regalarle una muestra más de descontento