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Visage Facial Sauna

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Upcoming ALDI Finds

each $14.99 *

Description

  • Makes warm steam to open pores and provide a deep cleansing
  • Has auto shutoff and a timer
  • Includes facial cone, nasal cone and fill cup
  • Product Code: 13688

          

Healthcare: Veterinarian - League City, Texas

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Associate Veterinarian - Marina Bay Animal Hospital, League City, TX. Join the Team! Welcome! Have you been considering a change of scenery? When you consider your future work home, do you see yourself in a place where collaboration is key? Do you imagine yourself joining a team that puts emphasis on education and mentorship? Are you excited to engage with your clients and patients and build lasting relationships? If you thought "Yes!" -, then your vision is in line with our culture and dynamic, Marina Bay Animal Hospital could be your future work family... - The Facts: Position: Associate Veterinarian (2) Location: League City, Texas Nearby Metropolitan Areas: Houston, Galveston. Benefits: Competitive Salary, 401K w/matching, Generous PTO (4 Weeks, First Year), Medical, Vision, Dental, and Life Insurance, Relocation Assistance, Stipend for Continuing Education, License Fees, Membership Dues, DEA Registration, Liability Insurance Fees. All experience levels welcome. - About Our Practice: Marina Bay Animal Hospital is a full service, multi doctor practice, founded in 1993 by Doctors Larry and Kim Fleming. Our services include: wellness and preventative care, surgery, dental care, internal medicine, hospitalization, critical care, and more. We offer digital radiography, dental radiography, ultrasonography and a full in-house laboratory using Idexx equipment. In 2017, we proudly joined the Lakefield Veterinary Group Family. Dr. Larry Fleming serves as our Medical Director and is supported by Dr. Kim Fleming, Dr. Kellen Scanlon, and Dr. Nancy Bolduc. - About Our Values: We foster a creative and collaborative environment where our team can combine their talents to achieve a common goal. Our hospital places great importance on education, mentorship, CE, and giving back to the community. We're a hands on and thorough practice and have an extraordinary support team. - About The Area: League City is an easy 25-mile drive to Houston or Galveston and less than 5 miles from Johnson Space Center, NASA, and the Kemah Boardwalk. We're just outside the big city, and enjoy many comforts such as: extensive shopping opportunities, fantastic dining establishments, and multiple entertainment venues. Our nationally recognized school district (Clear Creek ISD) and affordable housing market contribute to making League City an ideal area to raise a family. League City is known as one of the largest boating communities in the United States and hosts an array of water recreation events annually. Marina Bay Animal Hospital is a block away from Clear Lake and South Shore Harbour Resort and Marina. For those with a love for the coast and the outdoors, League City is a great choice. - To get to know us better, visit us at or find us on Facebook! Thanks for considering Marina Bay Animal Hospital! - ()
          

130 Nasabah Jadi Korban Penggelapan Mantan Kasir BKK Unit Tawangsari

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SUKOHARJO – Penyidikan dugaan penggelapan dana nasabah dan kredit fiktif oleh Puryanti, mantan kasir PT BKK Unit Tawangsari berlanjut. Jaksa telah menyita sejum
          

غبارروبی مزار شهدای گمنام دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رامسر به مناسبت هفته بسیج

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آیین غبار روبی و عطر افشانی مزار شهدای گمنام دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رامسر به مناسبت گرامیداشت هفته بسیج برگزار شد.

‘Banyo Queen’ ang bagong tawag, title ni Valeen Montenegro ngayon. Kasi nga, kadalasan ng mga photo niya ay nasa banyo siya, at tila nang-aakit, ha!
          

Bianca Manalo pinaplano na ang wedding kay Sen. Win

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Alam mo, Dondon, habang nasa hotel kami nina Mother Lily at Annabelle Rama, nakita na­ming dumating ang “love birds” na sina Senator Win Gachalian at Bianca Manalo.
          

Mindful sex, disfrutar del sexo en consciencia plena

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Mindful sex, disfrutar del sexo en consciencia plena

CDMX 25 de nov 2019.- La gran mayoría de las personas están en cualquier momento menos en el presente; así se pasa el día a día, mientras se come, trabaja, haciendo deporte y ….sí, también cuando se practica sexo. Por la mente pasan pensamientos como: “me habré olvidado de añadir esto a la lista del super”, “no soy lo suficientemente sexy”, o “no voy a dar la talla”, “mañana hay que pagar colegiaturas”, etc.

Un estudio publicado por Public Health England concluye que el 42% de las mujeres no están satisfechas y el 15% de los hombres declara tener muy poco sexo. ¿Es eso disfrutar de la relación sexual? Según Antonio Gallego, experto en mindfulness y colaborador de Petit BamBou claramente no, sobre todo porque no se está a lo que hay que estar. “Una relación sexual desde la atención plena, o lo que es lo mismo, el mindful sex, permite centrarse en todos los aspectos del encuentro. Si mindfulness es nuestra capacidad de vivir intencionadamente el momento presente con apertura, aceptación, conexión con nuestras sensaciones, sin juicio y en relación con el entorno de forma respetuosa y compasiva, mindful sex es lo mismo pero aplicado a las relaciones íntimas, individuales y compartidas. Es una forma de relacionarse con plena presencia de los sentidos, las emociones y la conexión con las personas que participan”.

Y esto no significa que se esté hablando únicamente del coito como aclara Ana Sierra, psicóloga, sexóloga y pionera en el uso del término Mindfulsex en España en su libro “Conversaciones sexuales con mi abuela”. “Más allá del orgasmo y la genitalidad, la sexualidad está en el cerebro. Después está el cuerpo para sentir el placer ”dejando fuera a los enemigos del sexo: los deberes, el estrés, el irse al pasado o al presente, que parten del cerebro racional y no del emocional: solo “se siente” en el ahora. Como apunta Antonio Gallego, “es curioso que durante la actividad cotidiana la atención se vaya varias veces al sexo y sin embargo al mantener actividad sexual podamos perdernos en otras cuestiones: sucede porque no se está presente”.

Puede mejorar la relación de pareja
De la misma forma que el mindfulness se utiliza hace tiempo para tratar la depresión, el mindful sex empieza a ser reconocido por los terapeutas como una vía prioritaria para mejorar la vida sexual e incluso la relación de pareja. Lo aclara Ana Sierra: “Ayuda a parejas que buscan calidad en los encuentros, pues abre un abanico de posibilidades sexuales más allá de la penetración y el orgasmo”. De hecho otro estudio publicado en Archives of Sexual Behavoir descubre que acabar con un orgasmo no siempre refleja un buen sexo o disfrute. La sexóloga introduce el término Mindful kiss para trabajar el vínculo mediante los besos conscientes: esos que con el tiempo se van perdiendo para acabar en el clásico “piquito”.

Pautas para un sexo consciente
Según Antonio Gallego antes es conveniente trabajar ciertos aspectos a nivel individual:

  • Iniciarse en el mindfulness. Entrenando la atención al momento presente y a las sensaciones corporales (Petit BamBou dispone de programas específicos*).
  • Conocerse a uno mismo en el plano sexual observando prejuicios, límites, deseos, etc.
  • Trabajar los sentidos en las acciones cotidianas, por ejemplo con la comida o dando un paseo por la naturaleza.
  • Aplicar la consciencia corporal a los momentos íntimos con uno mismo.

Cuando la relación sexual incluye a otra persona:

  • Conectar con la mirada. Es la forma más genuina de sentirse en conexión.
  • Activar el resto de sentidos. Llevar la atención al tacto, vista, gusto, olor y sonidos ayuda a una experiencia sexual más rica.
  • Mantener la atención en el presente. Si la mente se desvía y nos damos cuenta, se puede traer al presente de nuevo prestando atención a la respiración o las sensaciones.
  • Dejar hablar a la voz interior. Si hay un límite que no se quiere cruzar o bien un deseo ha de expresarse con calma y honestidad, invitando a la otra persona a que haga lo propio.
  • Soltar expectativas. No siempre saldrán las cosas como esperamos y no estamos obligados a satisfacer las expectativas del otro, tan solo a disfrutar y estar presentes como si fuera un baile en el que los pasos van surgiendo”.
  • Reírse: Sexo y humor combinan a la perfección, favorecen la relajación, la secreción de hormonas positivas para el bienestar y la complicidad.

”¿Aún o practicas el mindfulness? La App Petit BamBou te lo pone fácil: bastan 10 minutos al día para meditar con el programa que más se adapte a lo que necesites en cada momento. ¿Quieres experimentar el mindful sex? Te recomendamos Body Scan, pensado para conectar con tus sensaciones corporales y con la respiración como forma de estar en el momento presente, y Presencia Auténtica, para que te reconcilies con tu “yo” auténtico, con tus deseos e intenciones más genuinas”.

Petit BamBou ya está disponible para todos los mexicanos y desde ya se pueden conocer sus beneficios y gozar de ellos en diferentes ámbitos de la vida diaria.

Petit BamBou es una App con más de 3 millones de usuarios que ayuda a la meditación. Siempre a mano a través de un Smartphone o Tablet, utiliza un método eficaz y sencillo con audios de entre 10 y 20 minutos sobre distintas temáticas. Además, cuenta con videos explicativos que analizan y explican los principios clave de la meditación.

El primer programa consta de 8 sesiones y 6 videos gratuitos. Disponible en iOS y Android.

Suscripción mensual: MXN129.00

Suscripción semestral: MXN 669.00

Suscripción anual (solo a través de web): MXN1,081.00


Nota de prensa Mindful sex, disfrutar del sexo en consciencia plena publicada en comunicae.com.mx

          

UFOlogist Accuses Russia and NASA of covering up Alien Ship visiting ISS

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Commenting on his findings, the conspiracy theorist claimed that the video and audio recordings examined by him confirm that both Russia and NASA are well aware of the fact that aliens frequently visit the ISS. Scott C. Waring, a prolific hunter of things extraterrestrial who previously spied a “sarcophagus” on Mars and discovered a sunken […]

          

Contrôle gestuel de la synthèse vocale - Les instruments Cantor Digitalis et Digitartic

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Contrôle gestuel de la synthèse vocale - Les instruments Cantor Digitalis et Digitartic Feugère, Lionel; D’Alessandro, Christophe Deux instruments de synthèse vocale sont présentés : le Cantor Digitalis et le Digitartic. Ces deux instruments utilisent des gestes bimanuels dérivés de l’écriture ou du dessin sur une tablette graphique. Le signal est calculé par un synthétiseur vocal paramétrique, comprenant des modèles de source voisée et de bruits consonantiques et une structure à formants série/parallèle, pour le conduit vocal. Le Cantor Digitalis permet de chanter des voyelles et des semi-voyelles. Le Digitartic permet de chanter des syllabes, avec des consonnes plosives, fricatives, liquides et nasales. La question de la synchronisation des gestes consonantiques et des appuis rythmiques demandés par la musique est discutée. Ces instruments permettent un jeu musical expressif et sont régulièrement utilisés en concert.; Two singing synthesis instruments are presented: Digitalis Cantor and Digitartic. Both instruments use bimanual writing or drawing gestures on graphic tablets. The voice signal is computed with the help of a parametric synthesizer, including a voice source model, consonantal noise models and series/parallel formant filters. Cantor Digitalis is a vowel and semi-vowel singing instrument. Digitartic allows for singing syllables, including plosives, fricative, liquid and nasal consonants. The issue of consonant gestures and musical beat synchronization is discussed. These instruments allow for expressive musical performances. They are regularly used for concerts.
          

How NASA is evolving through partnerships with private space companies

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NASA has been changing in several different ways, especially by partnering with corporations to develop new technologies.
          

Sinus Attack - Avoiding Sinus Surgery With Alternative Treatments

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Sinusitis,Sinus,Sinus Surgery,Nasal Irrigation,Sinus Infection Treatment,Sinus Medications,Nasal Congestion,Sinus Attack,Sinuses,Sinus Infection: We often dismiss sinus congestions and discomforts as nothing and leave the problem untreated, thinking that they would go away on their own. Unfortunately, this is what causes the issue to aggravate. Not taking care of ourselves during a sinus... Sinus Attack
          

Sinus - Resisting Chronic Sinus Infection

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Sinusitis,Sinuses,Allergic Sinusitis,Sinus Infections,Antibiotic Sinusitis,Sinusitis Nasal Congestion,Chronic Sinus Infection,Nasal Congestion,Chronic Sinus,Sinus,Sinus Problems,Sinus Infection,Acute Sinusitis: Sinus infections that have graduated to the chronic stage deserve the honor of being treated with the right type of antibiotic. Sinus problems may be caused by a number of different factors which include environmental and food allergies (allergic... Sinus
          

Sphenoid Sinusitis - Sinus Infection Or Sinusitis

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dry sinuses treatment: A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, is an infection of the paranasal sinuses. This could be a result of an infection, bacteria, fungus, a virus, an allergy or an autoimmune issue. There are four classifications of sinusitis. They are... Sphenoid Sinusitis
          

Sinus Infections - Major Symptoms Of Sinus Infection Problems

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Sinusitis,Sinus,Sinus Infection,Sinus Infection Problems,Acute Sinusitis,Sinus Inflammation,Nasal Congestion,Chronic Sinusitis,Inflammation Sinuses,Sinusitis Nasal Congestion,Sphenoid Sinus Inflammation,Sinus Infections,Sinusitis Pain,Sphenoid Sinus,Ethmoid Sinus,Frontal Sinus,Maxillary Sinus,Sinuses: If you think your colds already lasted four weeks and are not very sure if your condition has developed into a sinus infection, you have to know the classic, common and major symptoms of sinus infection problems in order for you to know fully well... Sinus Infections
          

Nasal Sinus - Acute Sinusitis

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Sinusitis,Acute Sinusitis,Sinus,Nasal Sinus,Sinuses,Sinusitis Infection,Sinusitis Acute Sinusitis,Frontal Sinus,Chronic Sinusitis: The following article lists some simple, informative tips that will help you have a better experience with acute sinusitis. Falling sick is a part of living. While some of the infections that we may fall prey to can be severe there are milder... Nasal Sinus
          

Sinuses Ethmoid - How To Cure Sinusitis?

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Sinusitis,Cure Sinusitis,Sinuses,Sinus,Sinusitis Infection,Sinusitis Symptoms,Sphenoid Sinuses Infection,Sinusitis Antibiotics,Sinuses Infection,Sinuses Ethmoid,Sinus Disease,Nasal Irrigation,Sinus Treatment: Sinusitis can cause severe irritation in the nasal area and a patient suffers a lot from other problems too. In that case they desperately ask, how to cure sinusitis? The infection is caused due to bacterial attack to the sinuses of your skull.... Sinuses Ethmoid
          

Sinusitis - Sinus Headache Symptoms - Is It Sinus Or Migraine?

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sinusitis heart disease: Sinus headache symptoms are so common that many people just shorten the phrase to I have sinus. This can encompass anything from pain around the eyes and nose to runny nose, nasal congestion, watery eyes, sore throat, fever, chills and fatigue.... Sinusitis
          

Sinusitis Problem - Natural Home Remedies For Sinus Infections - How To Get Better Without Any Side Effects

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remedies for swollen sinuses: Sinusitis or infection of the sinuses is a common but very painful ailment that is caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses. Sinusitis is usually caused by cold, allergies, bacterial infection or abnormal growth that is blocking nasal passage. However,... Sinusitis Problem
          

Sinus Causes - Sinus Infection - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

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to drain the sinus: Sinusitis is an acute or account upset made by the swelling of the nasal passages and rubor of the sinuses. The swollen nasal passages create a obstruction and the nasal discharges cannot be evicted; in clip infection looks. Symptoms The... Sinus Causes
          

Gastroenterologist Physician Job job in Alabama (AL) - #Gastroenterologist #Jobs #Physician #GastroJobs #MDJobSite

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Location Affordable Metro Area in Alabama. This major city in Alabama with over 1 million people in the city. Excellent housing schools universities and lake front living in a thriving southern city. International Airport easy access to Atlanta Huntsville Home to NASA Montgomery and Mobile. Facility
          

Lego's NASA Apollo Saturn V Is 20% Off for Black Friday Weekend

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NASA's Apollo 11 moon landing celebrates its 50th anniversary this year, and Lego set the stage with this epic Saturn V moon rocket set, which is on sale now for 20% off via the Lego online store.
          

NASA's plans for the 2020s include landing humans on the Moon, detecting quakes on Mars, and defending Earth from deadly asteroids

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NASA's plans for the 2020s include landing humans on the Moon, detecting quakes on Mars, and defending Earth from deadly asteroidsOne year ago, NASA announced it would send astronauts back to the moon. Since then, new spacecraft and telescopes have filled its plans for the 2020s.



          

NASA’s in the market for quick taxi rides to and from International Space Station

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NASA’s in the market for quick taxi rides to and from International Space StationNASA already has committed billions of dollars to procuring regularly scheduled rides to and from the International Space Station from commercial space taxi operators — but now it says it's interested in buying short-term trips as well. The proposed arrangement, detailed on Tuesday, is aimed at giving a boost to the commercialization of space operations in low Earth orbit, as well as to NASA's drive to send astronauts to the moon by 2024. It also makes the line dividing government-funded and privately funded space efforts even fuzzier. SpaceX and Boeing are both building spacecraft to serve as taxis to the… Read More



          

为什么日本韩国大力研发氢燃料电池,中国就也搞,是跟风吗? 为什么美国与欧洲没什么动静呢?

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中国新能源汽车发展和出现的燃料电池汽车研究热潮和一个人分不开,他就是万钢。

2000年在奥迪工作多年的万钢建议国家发展新能源,中国开始弯道超车的规划;2001年,万钢回到同济大学担任汽车学院院长,2004年7月起,正式担任同济大学校长;2007年任科技部部长。

期间同济大学新能源汽车工程中心和汽车学院由于万钢的资源承接了很多国家项目,2002年造出了燃料电池概念车春晖一号,其实当时同济的燃料电池研究刚起步,更多的是和大化所(大连化学物理研究所,极其牛批,建议百度)合作;后来队伍慢慢搭建起来后开始和上汽一起合作,包括2010年世博会上运行的燃料电池汽车,燃料电池研究热潮几乎达到顶峰。


当时日韩是燃料电池最忠实的拥护者(几乎直到丰田今年提前电动化目标),中国其实也算是跟风,是因为看到了中国汽车工业的新起点,燃油车-混合动力-氢能源这条路线几乎是大家一致的认同,却低估了其商业化的难度。还有就是突然跳出来的马斯克,带着特斯拉嘲笑丰田的fuel cell是“fool cell”。

而欧美以前其实也在搞,燃料电池第一个商业化本来在航天上(NASA使用碱性燃料电池),后来汽车上使用更多的是PEMFC质子交换膜燃料电池。

早在1994年戴姆勒就推出了基于梅赛德斯-奔驰MB 100运输车的NECAR 1,续航里程在130km左右,而丰田92年才开始暗中研究FCV。2011年1月,“梅赛德斯-奔驰F-Cell World Drive”计划在斯图加特正式启动,横跨了四大洲、14个国家,行驶里程达到30000km,丰田14年才推出Mirai。

有幸去年在德国斯图加特博物馆参观时拍到了这两辆车:

今年3月20日,德国三大汽车巨头领导者大众首席执行官赫伯特·迪斯(Dieter Zetsche)、戴姆勒集团CEO蔡澈(Dieter Zetscher)、宝马集团CEO克鲁格(Harald Krüger)在一场电话会议上达成共识:德国汽车的未来是电动化!

但是这里还有个小套路,除了纯电动,插混/48V/燃料电池也是电动啊。当然大众很激进,明明确确说了我要搞纯电,我要推MEB/PPE/J1平台,所以供应商都得跟我走,但是奔驰还搞EQ Boost(48V)和EQ Power(插混),宝马今年在中国插混卖的多好,就是连大众旗下的奥迪也自己偷偷摸摸搞燃料电池(大众爸爸说了纯电,但是体量与BB相似的Audi可以直接共享爸爸的平台,不妨碍自己搞燃料电池)。

为什么欧美的还在搞燃料电池?但是似乎也不宣传,偶尔车展拿出来展示一下?

一方面是燃料电池真的太难了!丰田今年推出了第二代Mirai,之前第一代都是在美国租赁,而且加氢站技术难度高,成本抵得上上千个充电桩。不过可以期待一下日本奥运会时丰田主场的运营。

另一方面现在特斯拉太火了,大部分人(包括我)都认为纯电动比燃料电池前途更好,欧美的车企为了市场也得宣传一下自己怎么跟得上潮流吧。

但是纯电汽车的难点是电池,而现在电池都是中日韩的天下,宁德时代都到德国建厂了,大众被LG化学威胁不卖电池给他,德国车企太难了。电池技术壁垒让博世都放弃了,大众一方面哄LG化学,另一方面投资瑞典NorthVolt,把技术控制在自己手里才放心。可是欧美的电池发展谁都不确定,亚洲电池已经这么成熟,成本控制得这么好,要找好后路啊。

大厂都是把鸡蛋放多个篮子里面,48V、混动慢慢来,燃料电池暗中也搞搞,反正大家都不怎么样(丰田:???),电池如果最后放弃了,指不定哪一天燃料电池突破了,还能翻身。


现在中国燃料电池汽车研究热潮已经过去了,但是还是有很多人默默继续坚持,大化所还是中国燃料电池技术的象征,衣宝廉院士的《燃料电池-原理·技术·应用》还是躺在我的书桌上,不管以后纯电会不会一统江湖,FCV永远是汽车发展历史上的重要一笔。

PS:可以看看各国汽车行业发展重点的转移过程:

德日美中四个汽车大国,分别发生了哪些重大事件,才突然在汽车电动化这个问题上达成了共识?



来源:知乎 www.zhihu.com
作者:苏打绿的方向盘

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此问题还有 22 个回答,查看全部。
延伸阅读:
美国和日本为什么不逐步停售燃油车?
如何看待韩国电池进入中国?

          

NASA: missioni più brevi e ambienti informali nello spazio per gli astronauti

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NASA: missioni più brevi e ambienti informali nello spazio per gli astronauti Tecnoandroid

La NASA è interessata ad espandere le opzioni dei suoi astronauti in orbita terrestre bassa. L’agenzia spaziale ha appena annunciato che sta cercando di prenotare un posto a bordo di una missione organizzata privatamente alla Stazione Spaziale Internazionale (ISS) nei prossimi cinque anni. E questa missione sarebbe breve, della durata di soli 15-30 giorni anziché […]

NASA: missioni più brevi e ambienti informali nello spazio per gli astronauti Tecnoandroid


          

NASA Watching The Dance Of Giant Black Holes

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At the heart of most galaxies is a supermassive black hole. These powerhouses have a mass of millions or billions of Suns, and can create brilliant quasars when active. So what happens when two galaxi
          

Как у мамы. Like mom.

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source *

Я родился с синими глазами
Как у мамы,
Но под солнечными лучами
На юге мои зрачки стали карими.
Говорят, я похож на бабушку.
Она прожила жизнь на северной равнине.
И еще я похож на дедушку,
Кто вырос в горной долине.
Кровь течет во мне кочевников.
Они не вели оседлой жизни,
Напоминая путешественников
В странствиях в пространстве и во времени.
Вот почему я чувствую родными
Разные уголки мира.
Там люди с разными характерами
И исповедуется разная вера.
С космоса видна
Земля - голубая планета.
Это небо и морская волна
Как у мамы одного синего цвета.
Лицензия Creative Commons 
Произведение «Как у мамы», созданное автором по имени Теймураз Мамучадзе, публикуется на условиях лицензии Creative Commons «Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives» («Атрибуция — Некоммерческое использование — Без производных произведений») 4.0 Всемирная.Основано на произведении с tmbankaudit.blogspot.comРазрешения, выходящие за рамки данной лицензии, могут быть доступны на странице tmbankaudit.blogspot.com

*Russian Space Station Mir, backdropped against Earth, taken from the Space Shuttle Atlantis following undocking from the station at the end of STS-71 on the 4th of July, 1995. On the 29th of June, 1995, STS-71 became the first Shuttle mission ever to dock with the station 

          

2021: ΠΡΟΣΕΔΑΦΙΣΗ ΔΙΑΣΤΗΜΟΠΛΟΙΟΥ ΣΤΟΝ ΑΡΗ, ΣΤΟΝ ΑΡΧΑΙΟ ΚΡΑΤΗΡΑ ΤΖΕΖΕΡΟ, ΣΤΟ ΒΟΡΕΙΟ ΗΜΙΣΦΑΙΡΙΟ, Ο ΟΠΟΙΟΣ ΕΧΕΙ ΗΛΙΚΙΑ 4 ΔΙΣΕΚΑΤΟΜΜΥΡΙΩΝ ΕΤΩΝ.

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 Η Αμερικανική Διαστημική Υπηρεσία (NASA) και ο Ευρωπαϊκός Οργανισμός Διαστήματος (ESA) συνεργάζονται σε μια κοινή αποστολή, την πιο πολύπλοκη στη διαστημική ιστορία, με στόχο να φέρουν στη Γη τα πρώτα δείγματα πετρωμάτων από τον ‘Αρη έως το 2031 και με την ελπίδα να βρουν ίχνη ζωής σε αυτά.



Το φιλόδοξο σχέδιο κόστους επτά δισεκατομμυρίων δολαρίων (το ενάμισι δισεκατομμύριο θα καταβάλει η Ευρώπη μέσα στην επόμενη δεκαετία) θα συνδυαστεί με την υπό ανάπτυξη αμερικανική αποστολή «Mars 2020» που θα εκτοξευθεί του χρόνου τον Ιούλιο. Στόχος των δύο διαστημικών υπηρεσιών είναι να στείλουν ένα ρόβερ στο γειτονικό πλανήτη, να συλλέξει δείγματα βάρους περίπου μισού κιλού και μετά αυτά, με τη βοήθεια ενός δεύτερου ρόβερ, να σταλούν στη Γη. Το σχέδιο εγκρίθηκε ήδη από τη NASA και αυτή την εβδομάδα αναμένεται να πάρει το πράσινο φως και από τα 22 ευρωπαϊκά κράτη μέλη της ESA που συναντώνται στη Σεβίλλη.
Το σχέδιο, γνωστό ως «Mars Sample Return-MSR» (Επιστροφή Δειγμάτων ‘Αρη), θα απαιτήσει, εκτός από τα δύο ρομποτικά ρόβερ, τρεις εκτοξεύσεις μεγάλων πυραύλων από τον δικό μας πλανήτη και κυρίως την πρώτη στην ιστορία εκτόξευση από άλλο πλανήτη, προκειμένου να γίνει το ταξίδι επιστροφής των δειγμάτων στη Γη.
«Είναι τόσο πολύπλοκο όσο η αποστολή των ανθρώπων στη Σελήνη», δήλωσε στο περιοδικό «Science» ο επικεφαλής του προγράμματος MSR Μπράιαν Μιούερχεντ του Εργαστηρίου Αεριώθησης (JPL) της NASA.
Το εξάτροχο ρόβερ με μέγεθος αυτοκινήτου της αποστολής Mars 2020 θα προσεδαφιστεί το 2021 στον αρχαίο κρατήρα Τζέζερο του βορείου ημισφαιρίου, ο οποίος έχει ηλικία σχεδόν τεσσάρων δισεκατομμυρίων ετών. Το ρομποτικό όχημα θα τρυπήσει στα πετρώματα, θα συλλέξει δείγματα και θα τα αποθηκεύσει σε ειδικά μεταλλικά καλά σφραγισμένα δοχεία, τα οποία θα εναποτεθούν σε συγκεκριμένα σημεία της επιφάνειας του ‘Αρη.
Το 2028 ένα δεύτερο ρόβερ (Sample Fetch Rover), που θα κατασκευάσει η ESA και θα κινείται με ηλιακή ενέργεια, θα εκτοξευθεί από τη Γη, θα κατέβει στον ‘Αρη, θα βρει τα 30 διασκορπισμένα δείγματα, θα τα βάλει όλα μαζί σε ένα κάνιστρο μεγέθους μπάλας και θα τα φορτώσει στον αμερικανικό πύραυλο επιστροφής (Mars Ascent Vehicle). Αυτός θα εκτοξευθεί από τον «κόκκινο πλανήτη» και θα φθάσει σε μια μη ευρωπαϊκή επανδρωμένη διαστημοσυσκευή (Earth Return Orbiter) σε τροχιά γύρω από τον ‘Αρη σε ύψος 300 χιλιομέτρων, η οποία τελικά θα επιστρέψει στη Γη μαζί με το πολύτιμο φορτίο της.
Αν όλα πάνε καλά (και πολλά μπορούν να πάνε στραβά), η κάψουλα με τα δείγματα θα πέσει με αλεξίπτωτο κάπου στην πολιτεία Γιούτα των ΗΠΑ το 2031. Τα δείγματα θα καταλήξουν σε εργαστήρια ύψιστης ασφαλείας, είτε για τον κίνδυνο μόλυνσης της Γης με αρειανά μικρόβια, είτε αντίστροφα για τον κίνδυνο μόλυνσης των αρειανών δειγμάτων με γήινα μικρόβια.
Έως σήμερα οι επιστήμονες είχαν μόνο δύο τρόπους να μελετήσουν αρειανά πετρώματα. Είτε αναλύοντας μετεωρίτες πιθανής αλλά όχι βέβαιης αρειανής προέλευσης που βρέθηκαν στη Γη και δυστυχώς έχουν «μολυνθεί» στο μεταξύ από το γήινο περιβάλλον, είτε αναλύοντας τα δείγματα επί τόπου στον ‘Αρη με τα περιορισμένα μέσα των ρόβερ. Ασφαλώς η αποστολή στη Γη φρέσκων δειγμάτων από τον ‘Αρη και η ενδελεχής ανάλυση τους στα επιστημονικά εργαστήρια είναι κάτι που όλοι προτιμούν.
Αν και θεωρείται μάλλον απίθανο να βρεθούν ίχνη ζωής σε ένα τόσο μικρό δείγμα του ‘Αρη, η προσπάθεια θεωρείται ότι αξίζει με το παραπάνω. Τα αρειανά δείγματα θα είναι εξίσου πολύτιμα- αν όχι περισσότερο- από τα σεληνιακά δείγματα που έφεραν οι αποστολές «Απόλλων».

ΖΗΝΩΝ  ΠΑΠΑΖΑΧΟΣ 

          

木星探査機「ジュノー」が観測、巨大な惑星の知られざる嵐と“環”の美しい姿:今週の宇宙ギャラリー

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SLIDE SHOW FULL SCREEN FULL SCREEN FULL SCREEN FULL SCREEN FULL SCREEN FULL SCREEN FULL SCREEN 01-photo_space_juno-1-pia20707 1/62016年7月10日、木星探査機「ジュノー」は、木星から270万マイル(約430万km)離れたところから、木星と、その四大衛星のうちの3つが並ぶ見事な画像をとらえた。この画像は、ミッションを担当する科学者チームに安堵をもたらした。というのも、そのほんの5日ほど前に、軌道に入る途中で通過した木星の強い放射線帯をジュノーが無事に切り抜けられたかどうか、わかっていなかったからだ。この写真により、ジュノーが生き延びたことが証明された。PHOTOGRAPH BY NASA/JPL-CALTECH/SWRI/MSSS 02-photo_space_juno-2-pia20707 2/6ジュノーは、20回目のフライバイ観測の際に、木星の大気のなかにある暗い深淵を写真にとらえた。木星は、度肝を抜くような渦を巻く嵐が吹き荒れていることで知られているが、この暗いスポットは、それまでに観測されたことのなかった種類の嵐で、大気の奥深くに存在している可能性が高い。この写真は、19年5月29日に行われた、ジュノーにとっては20回目となる周回観測で撮影された。その際にジュノーは、雲頂から9,200マイル(約14,800km)のところまで木星に接近していた。PHOTOGRAPH BY GERALD EICHSTADT/SEAN DORAN/NASA/JPL-CALTECH/SWRI/MSSS 03-photo_space_juno-3-pia22963 3/6木星に環があるのは知っていただろうか? 木星には環があるが、細くてきわめて淡いため、地球から見るのは難しい。ジュノーは、13回目の周回観測の際、環の内側を飛行していたときに、めったにない絶好の視点から、木星の環をとらえた。背景は星々で覆われているが、カーヴを描いて写真を斜めに走るぼんやりとした白い線に注目すれば、木星の主環の帯が見えるはずだ。PHOTOGRAPH BY NASA/JPL-CALTECH/SWRI 04-photo_space_juno-4-pia22949 4/619年5月、外側に向かって軌道を飛行していたジュノーは、11,600マイル(約18,700km)離れたところから、木星とその荒れ狂う大気を収めたこの美しい写真を撮影した。右側の茶色い波のような帯のまわりでは、複数の白い雲が、大気のさらに高いところまで立ち昇っているように見える。この形状は、ジュノーの接近以前には観測されたことがなかった。木星の大気はほとんどが水素で構成され、少量のヘリウムとアンモニアが散在している。地球で見られるものと瓜ふたつの高空の雲は、ジュノーのミッションで得られた素敵な発見のひとつだ。PHOTOGRAPH BY KEVIN M. GILL/NASA/JPL-CALTECH/SWRI/MSSS 05-photo_space_juno-5-pia22944 5/6ジュノーは、「ジェットN6」と呼ばれる木星北半球の同じ領域で、別の奇妙な嵐も発見した。この茶色い斑点は、ジュノーのとらえたほかの画像には見られない。この嵐は、興味深い驚きをもたらした。というのも、この茶色い嵐と、すぐ隣にあるまったく異なるパターンの大気乱流が、明確なコントラストを描いているからだ。では、絶えず変化し、撹拌される木星の大気と風がつくる帯の裏には、いったいどんな原動力が存在しているのだろうか? 科学者たちはまだ、実際のところを突きとめられていない。PHOTOGRAPH BY NASA/JPL-CALTECH/SWRI/MSSS/KEVIN M. GILL 06-photo-space_juno-6-pia22942 6/6木星をめぐる旅は、大赤班を訪れなければ終わらないだろう。ジュノーは18年12月21日、木星を象徴する嵐を収めたこの写真を撮影した(ジュノーの軌道上の位置により、わたしたちが見慣れたものとは違うアングルで写っている)。この写真の大赤班のすぐ下にある、強引に割り込もうとしている嵐が見えるだろうか? この嵐は「オーヴァルBA(Oval BA)」と呼ばれ、小さめの嵐3つがぶつかりあって形成されたものだ。PHOTOGRAPH BY GERALD EICHSTADT/SEAN DORAN/NASA/JPL-CALTECH/SWRI/MSSS Prev Next

ローマ神話の主神ユピテル(ジュピター)は、浮気性のろくでなしだ。しょっちゅう人間の女性に手を出し、自分のたくらみが妻に露見しないように、わが身を厚い雲で覆い隠していた。

「木星探査機「ジュノー」が観測、巨大な惑星の知られざる嵐と“環”の美しい姿:今週の宇宙ギャラリー」の写真・リンク付きの記事はこちら

だが、おあいにくさまだ。妻のユノ(ジュノー)は、夫の偽の大気を見通し、正体を見破る力をもっていた。木星(ジュピター)を探るために米航空宇宙局(NASA)が2011年に打ち上げた探査機が「ジュノー」と呼ばれているのは、どう考えてもそれが理由だろう。

ジュノーは5年の旅を経て、2016年7月4日、ついに木星を周回する軌道に入った。52日ごとに木星を一周する軌道だ。

木星は、厚い大気をもつだけでなく、強力な放射線帯にも取り囲まれている。さらに言えば、木星とその周辺領域は、太陽系では太陽に次いで2番目に危険な環境だ。にもかかわらず、ジュノーは生き延び、現在までの2年以上にわたって太陽系最大の惑星の観測を続けている。

ジュノーの観測には、木星の雲の奥深くを覗く赤外線オーロラマッピング装置「JIRAM」や、木星の複雑で巨大な磁場を観測する磁気計など、特別に設計された装置が使用されている。

現在のような太陽系が形成されるうえで、木星は大きな役割を果たした。このため、帯をまとうこの美しい惑星の理解が深まれば、地球のことも、もっとよくわかるようになるはずだ。

こちらの『WIRED』の宇宙写真コレクションで、ほかの惑星も偵察してみようではないか。


          

Comment on Blog housekeeping — please check your recent comments by Brian Wilson

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Hi Richard, Thank you for your reply. You may be able to help me out here. I am a biologist, so climate change is not my forte and I am trying to wrap my head round the information. The following may be too simplistic and I think I am missing something. It really can't be this obvious. So, at the risk of looking like a complete buffoon, here goes. According to NASA https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/briefs/ma_01/ " Without naturally occurring greenhouse gases, Earth's average temperature would be near 0°F (or -18°C) instead of the much warmer 59°F (15°C)." This 15°C is calculated with atmospheric carbon dioxide at 280 ppm. Therefore, if total solar irradiance remains the same and carbon dioxide levels stayed at 280 ppm, our planet would be in a natural balance with an average global surface temperature of 15°C and I am not going to argue with NASA. So far so good. It is also therefore reasonable to assume that if the global surface temperature is affected by some other influence, for example, orbital changes, volcanic dust clouds, carbon dioxide levels etc, once this influence has passed, or is removed, the atmosphere would naturally try to return to this temperature. After all, as this is the natural balance according to NASA, failure to return to this temperature would indeed disprove their greenhouse effect theory. According to the World Meteorological Organization, the last few years have been the warmest in modern history and global average surface temperatures have been: 2015 - 14.79°C 2016 - 14.89°C (strong El Nino) 2017 - 14.79°C 2018 - 14.69°C 2019 - 14.41°C (average up to the end of October according to NASA satellite data) Whilst these temperatures may be the warmest for the last 150 years, each of these years is actually cooler than NASA tell us it should be. The only way we can consider these temperatures to be abnormally high is if we completely ignore NASA's scientifically researched natural balance and start from an unreasonably low reference point. This is the actual position we seem to be in as we know that the temperature in the late 19th century was around 13.7°C. The only other way to show warming is to not state actual temperatures, but to pick a reference temperature, and then report all results, above or below, as the surface temperature anomaly. Logically, this reference temperature should be 15°C, but instead the chosen temperature is 14°C from data gathered between 1951 and 1980 with a global cooling scare right in the middle. So, back to my simplistic view. If all factors are in balance, average global surface temperatures should be 15°C. If temperatures are below 15°C they will tend to rise back under the greenhouse effect For 2016 for example, the global surface temperature anomaly was reported as plus 0.89°C when it was actually – 0.11°C. This year we are currently on track for a result of - 0.59°C which will be reported as plus 0.41°C This seems very unscientific, deliberate data tampering and misdirection. Slight of hand if you will. Surely I am getting this wrong. It can't be this simple. Can you help me out with this please. Thanks, Brian
          

Fall & Ice Author Series: Danny Glavin

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When: Thursday, December 05, 2019 - 6:30 PM - 7:30 PM
Where: Kensington Park

In December, Danny Glavin, Astrobiologist at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, will speak about his book "Frozen in Time." His talk will highlight his adventures in Antarctica while hunting for meteorites for signs of life. This is a great way to get to Antarctica without a single worry about the weather. Please join us for this free and fun adventure.
          

Parking przy Lotnisku Chopina w Warszawie

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Udajesz się na wakacje z lotniska Okęcie? Musisz do Warszawy przyjechać autem jak również musisz zostawić go w bezpiecznym miejscu? Jeśli tak to z całą pewnością oferta prowadzonego przez nas lotniska będzie dla Ciebie odpowiednia. Możemy pochwalić się sporą powierzchnią dającą na zostawienie u nas…
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Parking przy Lotnisku Chopina w Warszawie

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Udajesz się na wakacje z lotniska Okęcie? Musisz do Warszawy przyjechać autem jak również musisz zostawić go w bezpiecznym miejscu? Jeśli tak to z całą pewnością oferta prowadzonego przez nas lotniska będzie dla Ciebie odpowiednia. Możemy pochwalić się sporą powierzchnią dającą na zostawienie u nas…
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4 Profesi Aneh, Unik, dan Tidak Wajar Sedunia

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Riauaktual.com - Banyak orang membutuhkan pekerjaan dan sulit mencari pekerjaan di zaman sekarang ini. Apalagi mereka yang mempunyai pekerjaan sesuai impian mereka, butuh usaha dan doa agar bisa meraih perkerjaan sesuai impian.

Yang ada banyak orang menyelesaikan studinya namun bekerja tidak sesuai dengan bidang studi yang dipelajarinya. Apa boleh buat mencari kerja sulit, ada peluang terbuka kenapa tidak ambil. Ada juga orang yang memiliki hobi dan ternyata bisa menghasilkan pundi-pundi keuangan.

Photo : U-Report profesi unik

Dengan hobinya tersebut bukan hanya keuntungan materi saja yang diperoleh tetapi kenikmatan dalam menjalankan pekerjaannya. Bahkan bisa dibilang pekerjaan mereka ini aneh, unik. Penasaran dengan pekerjaan unik, aneh tapi menguntungkan? Berikut 4 pekerjaan unik, aneh dan wajar sedunia.

BACA SELENGKAPNYA ...


          

Storebror ser dig!

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Storebror ser dig! ”Hade samhället varit vänligt inställt till dess innevånare hade det inte funnits anledning till övervakning. Alla hade känt sig behövda och hade vetat vad som förväntades av dem och varför. Om man börjar tumma på det dyker det snart upp så’na som tror sig veta bättre och vill övervaka de dessa anser veta sämre. Fel som ursäkt för att göra fel som så ofta annars.” -Jonas Carlsson. Många upplever att samhället blir allt hårdare och vårdsammare. Men jämför vi med tex. medeltiden så lever fler tryggare idag. Vad som inte fanns på liknande sätt då är den stress och inbillade eller verkliga förväntningar som finns idag. Det är inget nytt att […]
          

Rochii de nasa – ce ma avantajeaza in postura de nasa?

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Unele persoane au trecut prin aceasta experienta frumoasa si memorabila, iar altele urmeaza sa experimenteze si acest rol, si anume acela de nasa. Daca evenimentul se apropie cu pasi repezi […]
          

NASA's Briefcase-Size MarCO Satellite Picks Up Honors

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Read article: NASA's Briefcase-Size MarCO Satellite Picks Up Honors

The twin spacecraft, the first of their kind to fly into deep space, earn a Laureate from Aviation Week & Space Technology.




          

Global Storms on Mars Launch Dust Towers Into the Sky

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Read article: Global Storms on Mars Launch Dust Towers Into the Sky

A Mars Dust Tower Stands Out Dust storms are common on Mars. But every decade or so, something unpredictable happens: a series of runaway storms break out, covering the entire planet in a dusty haze.




          

NASA Updates Mars 2020 Mission Environmental Review

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Read article: NASA Updates Mars 2020 Mission Environmental Review

NASA and the Department of Energy have completed a more detailed risk analysis for the Mars 2020 rover launch from Florida.




          

Робот Федор рассказал, когда глава NASA будет получать больше Рогозина

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Первый работавший в космосе антропоморфный робот Федор вступился за главу «Роскосмоса» Дмитрия Рогозина, которому указали на несоразмерность его зарплаты успехам госкорпорации.
          

Aktivis Lingkungan Protes Pemanasan Bumi di Seluruh Dunia

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Ribuan orang di kota-kota Eropa dan Asia melancarkan gelombang demonstrasi baru hari Jumat (29/11) mendesak diambilnya lebih banyak tindakan untuk mencegah peningkatan suhu bumi. Demonstrasi dimulai di kota Sydney, australia, dimana para pengunjuk rasa berkumpul dimuka markas besar partai Liberal New South Wales guna mendesak supaya pemerintah menolak pemberian izin baru bagi proyek batubara, minyak ataupun gas alam. Aksi protes di Australia itu berlangsung ketika kawasan tenggara benua Australia telah dilanda ratusan kebakaran hutan yang gawat dalam beberapa minggu terakhir, yang kata para pendemo disebabkan peningkatan suhu bumi. Para aktivis juga turun ke jalan-jalan di India, Korea Selatan, Israel, Turki, Italia, Spanyol dan Perancis. Kelompok kampanye yang bernama Friday for Future mengatakan aksi demonstrasi diperkirakan akan berlangsung di 2.300 kota di 153 negara. Aktivis iklim Swedia Greta Thunberg diperkirakan hadir dalam aksi mogok mahasiswa di Lisabon hari Jumat, tapi cuaca buruk menunda keberangkatan nya dengan kapal layar dari New York. Di London, para pendemo menerbangkan sebuah balon besar yang berbentuk seorang bayi dengan tulisan “coba terka berat badan saya dalam jumlah karbon dioksida.” Di Bangkok dan New Delhi para demonstran mengadakan aksi duduk, dan demonstran di Perancis memprotes perusahaan ritel raksasa Amazon, dengan mengatakan iklan belanja pada hari yang disebut Black Friday hanya mendorong orang untuk berbelanja dan hasilnya akan merusak lingkungan. Kelompok orang muda di amerika mengadakan “Pemogokan Black Friday” mulai dari Los Angeles sampai ke New York untuk memboikot hari belanja terbesar di Amerika itu. (ii)
          

Parlemen Eropa Nyatakan “Darurat Iklim”

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Parlemen Eropa menyatakan “darurat iklim” dan menyerukan dibatasinya kenaikan suhu bumi dibawah 1,5 derajat celsius. Selain itu parlemen juga menyerukan dicapainya “climate neutrality” atau kenaikan suhu nol derajat menjelang tahun 2050, dan meminta dukungan keuangan dari negara-negara anggota untuk menurunkan pemanasan bumi. Isyarat simbolis ini mendesak diambilnya tindakan oleh Komisi Eropa, Badan Eksekutif Uni Eropa, dan akan menambah tekanan pada negara anggota untuk lebih banyak bertindak mengatasi perubahan iklim.  Pernyataan itu disahkan dengan perbandingan suara 429 lawan 225 di Strasbourg, Perancis, markas parlemen Eropa itu. Komisi Eropa kini ditugaskan untuk memastikan bahwa semua peraturan dan anggaran disesuaikan dengan tujuan untuk membatasi suhu bumi dibawah 35,7 derajat celsius. Anggota parlemen Eropa meminta Komisi Eropa untuk mensyaratkan target pengurangan emisi gas rumah kaca sebanyak 55 persen menjelang tahun 2030. Selain itu juga meminta dan dicapainya “iklim netral” menjelang tahun 2050, sebagai bagian “European Green Deal” atau perjanjian untuk “menghijaukan” Eropa. Perjanjian itu adalah prioritas yang diumumkan oleh Presiden baru Komisi Eropa, Ursulla von der Leyen, dalam janji kampanyenya.  Von der Leyen akan dilantik pada hari Minggu, dan ia berjanji akan meningkatkan investasi Eropa dalam “teknologi hijau.” Parlemen Eropa juga menyerukan kepada negara anggota untuk mengurangi emisi karbon dioksida dari dunia penerbangan dan perkapalan, karena apa yang terjadi sekarang tidak akan mengurangi emisi karbon yang diperlukan. [ii/em]  
          

Akibat Perubahan Iklim, Suhu Udara di Perkotaan Makin Panas

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Dengan melonjaknya populasi perkotaan di seluruh dunia, kota-kota akan kesulitan menjaga penghuninya bebas dari risiko panas yang meningkat cepat seiring perubahan iklim, kata para ilmuwan dan pakar kesehatan masyarakat memperingatkan pekan ini. Mereka menambahkan suhu udara yang panas sudah menjadi penyebab utama kematian akibat cuaca ekstrem di negara-negara termasuk Amerika. Masalah itu sangat parah di kota-kota, di mana suhu ekstrem naik jauh lebih cepat daripada rata-rata global. Bahkan kini suhu udara di daerah-daerah yang padat penduduk, seperti kota-kota di Asia, empat kali lebih panas daripada suhu rata-rata global, demikian laporan jurnal Lancet tentang ancaman kesehatan akibat perubahan iklim pekan ini. "Ini masalah di seluruh dunia - di kota-kota di Amerika Utara, Eropa, Asia, Afrika," ujar Joy Shumake-Guillemot, ketua tim gabungan iklim dan kesehatan di Swiss untuk Organisasi Kesehatan Sedunia dan Organisasi Meteorologi Sedunia. Dalam beberapa dekade ke depan, pemanasan suhu udara di kota "akan menempatkan populasi pada posisi di mana mereka terpapar suhu yang tidak sesuai dengan kondisi mereka, kota tidak dibangun dan sistem sosial benar-benar tidak siap untuk menghadapi," katanya kepada Yayasan Thomson Reuters.[ka/pp]  
          

Small satellites key to NASA's lunar search for water

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Smaller satellites -- including IceCube, LunaH-Map and Lunar Trailblazer, which will study the presence of water on the moon -- are a big part of future plans for exploration, NASA says.
          

Nasa astronaut snaps stunning view of London at night from International Space Station

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NASA astronaut Jessica Meir has tweeted a memorising image of what London looks like from space. The night time shot was taken by the female astronaut all the way from the International Space Station (ISS), which orbits Earth at an altitude of around 250 miles. Meir wrote alongside the post: “Behold the bright lights of […]
          

Unusual ring galaxy that Nasa can’t explain revealed in stunning image

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NASA has released a puzzling image of a nearly perfect ring galaxy and asked the question “is this one galaxy or two?”. This has been a question since 1950 when astronomer Arthur Hoag spotted the strange extra-galactic object. The outside ring in the image is dominated by bright blue stars. In the centre there is […]
          

Nasa reveals design of moon lander to return astronauts there by 2024

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NASA has designed a moon lander to return astronauts there by 2024. The American space agency said it would deliver a 300kg rover to explore polar regions. Nasa wants a sustainable human presence on the moon by 2028 to boost science discoveries and build a lunar economy with the help of private firms. No one […]
          

Eerie photo of star’s ‘death explosion’ that looks like a giant BAT in space revealed by Nasa

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NASA has released an unusual image of the ‘death explosion’ of a massive star that looks just like a bat. Nicknamed the Bat Nebula, the eerie photo was taken during an observation of the eastern Veil Nebula. The Veil Nebula is a large remnant of a supernova, the last evolutionary stage of a giant star. […]
          

“Si entra la Policía o yo me muero, ustedes suenen las campanas”. La orden del padre Edwin Román durante el secuestro a la iglesia San Miguel

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Así sobrevivieron al asedio policial las madres de los presos políticos en la iglesia San Miguel Arcángel, en Masaya. Las personas secuestradas cuentan detalles de esos días de “infierno”
          

Biurų darbuotojus sportuoti skatinantis „OnePass“ pritraukė 160.000 Eur investiciją

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Viena narystė – visi sporto klubai. Tokią idėją siekiantis įgyvendinti startuolis „OnePass“ (UAB „Sporto planas“) pritraukė akceleravimo fondo „70 Ventures“ 160.000 Eur dydžio investiciją. Lėšas jauna įmonė žada skirti paslaugų tobulinimui ir plėtrai į verslo sektorių.
          

7 Manfaat Meditasi bagi Kesehatan Tubuh dan Pikiran

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7 Manfaat Meditasi bagi Kesehatan Tubuh dan Pikiran

Nah, jika masih penasaran, simaklah ulasan berikut ini yang menjelaskan manfaat meditasi lainnya bagi kesehatan tubuh dan pikiranmu.

The post 7 Manfaat Meditasi bagi Kesehatan Tubuh dan Pikiran appeared first on Blog Bobobox - Ulasan Online Seputar Hotel dan Traveling Terlengkap.


          

NASA admits that climate change occurs because of changes in Earth’s solar orbit

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(Natural News)For more than 60 years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has known that the changes occurring to planetary weather patterns are completely natural and normal. But the space agency, for whatever reason, has chosen to let the man-made global warming hoax persist...
          

Sunday, November 24, 2019, Frank Longo

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OPEN WIDE

If it looks like a themeless and solves like a themeless, then guess what, Dear Reader, it is a themeless! And not only that, it's a bit of a stunt puzzle too, because (and yes, I learned this from xwordinfo.com) it has the fewest answers of any NYT Sunday puzzle to date - just 122. Which explains the title.

We've been seeing Mr. Longo's name in Games magazine for decades, so when I met him in person at my first A.C.P.T., I expected a grizzled old figure, but he looks at least ten years younger than me. Same with Mr. Fagliano. For some reason, when I first saw his name I began picturing him as sort of a Vincent Price-like character. Turns out he looks like a kid just out of college. Either creating puzzles keeps you looking very young, or I'm just not very good at picturing people. Maybe a little of both.

I often think that puzzle themes are overrated. Sure, a theme can be very clever, but for me it's separate from the fundamental joy of crosswords, which is the simple structure of clues and answers slowly helped along by the intersecting words. And when I say "theme," I don't mean "trick." Rebus squares, shape-shifting words crawling up or down, assumed letters that "appear" outside of the grid... these kinds of tricks are great. It's the word ladders, the "every last word can have this word added to it" or "is a part of this set," or "find the hidden word in this other word." That type of thing. I mean, it's fine, and usually it's fun enough, but I guess what I'm saying is that I don't need it to enjoy a crossword puzzle. Perhaps I'm just a simple guy.

So how was this themeless? Pretty good. I like the chunky corners with their 11- and 9-stacks, and the long, staggered entries in the middle were good too. There are lots of colorful answers like TIEDYEING, PRISONESCAPE, JEALOUSY, SLAKES, TOOKTOTHESLOPES (and the related SLALOM (Event that usually has gate crashers?) (great clue)), and I even liked METAANALYSES. But as with any "lowest word count" stunt puzzle, you're going to encounter things like COCCUS, TRIODE, ROADSTEAD, CLARO, and SAAR.

I credit Bruce Haight with making me see the light on stunt puzzles. Early in my reviewing career (if I can dare to call it a career), I savaged one of his stunt puzzles. When I met him at the following A.C.P.T., we talked about it and he defended the stunt puzzle as pushing the boundaries. Such experimentation is necessary to keep the field from stagnating. And really, when NASA pushes the boundaries, sometimes people end up getting killed. When crossword constructors push the boundaries, solvers end up learning new words, or gaining a new understanding of some kind.

I'll leave it there.

Congratulations, Mr. Longo, on this achievement. I hope we can look forward to at least a few more Sunday themelesses, whether they push boundaries or not, in the coming years.

- Horace
          

Philosophy Friday: How to Think About God with Dr. Gaven Kerr

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Dr. Gaven Kerr returns to The Pat Flynn Show for a wide ranging discussing on everything from realist epistemology, the impact of philosophy of mind on culture, and establishing God's existence through a contemporary "One and the Many" Thomistic approach. Also, Dr. Kerr addresses objections to his presentation of the essence/existence argument from our previous episode.  

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https://www.chroniclesofstrength.com/aquinass-way-to-god-with-dr-gavin-kerr/ 

About Dr. Kerr

Gaven Kerr is a Thomist from Belfast, Northern Ireland, a married father of three, and a Third Order Dominican. He teaches theology at Mary Immaculate College Limerick. He has focused on philosophy and theology throughout his student days and into his academic career, in particular the thought of St Thomas Aquinas. He defends Aquinas’s thought within a contemporary context, and by means of that thought he engages with the other non-Thomist traditions.

On a more personal note, Dr. Kerr is a thoroughgoing metal head, martial arts enthusiast, and tattoo aficionado. His newest book is Aquinas and the Metaphysics of Creation.

Related Episodes


          

Dshan heißt Seele

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Dshan heißt Seele Redaktion Blättchen 28 November, 2019 - 18:40

Andrej Platonow gehört zu den lange Verleugneten der russisch-sowjetischen Literatur. Der 1899 geborene Elektrotechniker und Meliorator veröffentlicht 1927 seine ersten Bücher, die gleich einem Paukenschlag daherkommende Kurzgeschichtensammlung „Die Epiphaner Schleusen“ und die satirische Erzählung „Die Stadt Gradow“, mit der er die sowjetische Bürokratie attackiert. Die hatte ihn gerade erst aus dem Berufsleben herausgekantet. Platonow versuchte in den Jahren zuvor erfolgreich zusammen mit den betroffenen Bauern, die Ursachen der Dürrekatastrophen im Schwarzerdegebiet um Woronesh zu bekämpfen. Er erlag der Illusion, dies, legitimiert durch eine demokratische Wahl, auf einem Spitzenposten der sowjetischen Gewerkschaften unionsweit weiterführen zu können. Der Traum dauert nur 14 Tage lang. Dann wird er gefeuert. Ihm bleibt nichts anderes übrig, als sein Glück – und die Existenzsicherung seiner Familie – als freier Schriftsteller zu versuchen.
Aber auch das sollte ihm nur für kurze Zeit gelingen. 1931 veröffentlicht er in der Zeitschrift Krasnaja now die satirische Erzählung „Zum Nutzen“, mit der er Kritik an der Zwangskollektivierung der Landwirtschaft übt. Er ist nicht in der Lage, dieses Verbrechen an der sowjetischen Bauernschaft auf eine so kriecherische Weise schönzureden, wie es Michail Scholochow mit seinem durchaus sprachgewaltigen Epos „Neuland unterm Pflug“ fertigbrachte. Stalin jedenfalls schäumt, übt sich mit Randnotizen wie „Schuft“ und „Abschaum“ auf einem Exemplar der Krasnaja now als Literaturkritiker. Er bezeichnet die Redakteure als „Stümperkommunisten“ und empfiehlt der Redaktion, „Autor und Stümper […] so zu bestrafen, dass ihnen die Strafe ‘Zum Nutzen’ gereicht.“ Das war de facto das zweite Berufsverbot. In seiner Verzweiflung wendet sich Platonow zwei Jahre später mit drei Briefen an den Einzigen, der zu helfen in der Lage gewesen wäre: Maxim Gorki. Er geht sogar so weit, Gorki zu bitten, dass man ihm die Möglichkeit geben solle, „den Bau des Weißmeerkanals oder des Moskwa-Wolga-Kanals zu studieren und darüber ein Buch zu schreiben“. Platonow weiß, dass diese Bauten „in pädagogischer Hinsicht“, wie er schreibt, angelegt, also Bestandteil des GULAG-Systems sind.
Die Briefe an Gorki, die dieser nie beantwortete, sind im Deutschen jetzt erstmals abgedruckt im Sammelband „Dshan oder Die erste sozialistische Tragödie“, den Michael Leetz – von dem auch die vorzüglichen Übersetzungen stammen – jetzt vorgelegt hat. Dieser Band ist eine Glanzleistung. Platonow selbst ist interessierten deutschen Lesern kein Unbekannter. Bereits 1969 veröffentlichte der Ostberliner Verlag Kultur und Fortschritt eine zweibändige Prosaauswahl, 1973 erschien bei Luchterhand der Roman „Tschewengur“, den Platonow selbst zu Lebzeiten nie veröffentlichen konnte. Platonows Bücher erscheinen fortan in beiden deutschen Staaten bis in die 1990er Jahre hinein immer wieder. Allerdings mit einem Makel: Sie basieren auf den entsprechenden Veröffentlichungen sowjetischer Verlage. Die wiederum unterzogen die Schriften des Autors, der sich nicht mehr wehren konnte, einer dem jeweiligen „Zeitgeist“ geschuldeten Bearbeitung – bis hin zu solchen „Entstalinisierungsmaßnahmen“, die den Namen Stalin in stalinkritischen Schriften durch Lenin ersetzten.
Leetz greift bei seiner Neuübersetzung des titelgebenden Romans „Dshan“ (der 1964 in Kasachstan erstmals postum erscheinen konnte) auf die 1999 in Moskau von Natalja Kornijenko besorgte Ausgabe zurück. Kornijenko gelang es, den ursprünglichen Text wiederherzustellen. „Dshan“ – 1935 geschrieben – ist das Ergebnis von zwei Studienreisen Platonows nach Turkmenien, die nach Auffassung von Leetz nur möglich waren, weil sich Maxim Gorki eben doch für den Verfemten eingesetzt habe.
Der Roman erzählt vom Schicksal des „nichtrussischen Mannes“ Nasar Tschagatajew, Absolvent des Moskauer Ökonomischen Institutes, der von der Partei in die Sary-Kamysch-Senke am Rande der Wüste Karakum geschickt wird. Er soll das verlorengegangene Volk Dshan, dem er selbst entstammt, finden und ihm den Sozialismus bringen. Denn, so der Sekretär der Partei: „In der Hölle ist dein Volk schon gewesen, nun soll es im Paradies leben und, wir helfen ihm mit all unserer Kraft …“ Tschagatajew gehorcht, aber die Mission gerät beinahe zum totalen Desaster. Er findet zwar sein fast schon ausgestorbenes Volk. Es erweist sich aber als kaum ansprechbar. Zerlumpt und halb verhungert haben die Menschen nur noch ein einziges Interesse: irgendwelche kaubaren Wurzeln zu finden und sich, wenn es gar nicht mehr weiter geht, in irgendeiner Sanddüne zum Sterben zu verkriechen. Tschagatajew fühlt, „dass sein Volk den Kommunismus nicht braucht“. Jedenfalls nicht den „von oben“ dargebrachten. Nur das Mädchen Aidym verkörpert den Funken Hoffnung, der Tschagatajew nicht aufgeben lässt. Mit ihrer Hilfe und dem Glücksumstand, dass es ihm gelingt, vier riesige, vom Himmel stürzende Vögel zu töten und mit diesen sein Volk vor dem Hungertod zu bewahren – der Roman lebt von stark mythologisch geprägten Motiven –, kann er seinen Auftrag schließlich ausführen. Nur, im Moment der höchsten Erfüllung – er hat die Dshan aus der Wüste herausgeführt, die Hungernden gesättigt, feste Häuser in der unwirtlichen Steppe gebaut – „gingen alle einzeln, in großer Entfernung voneinander“. Nasar Tschagatajew begreift in diesem Moment, „die Menschen sehen selbst am klarsten, was das Beste für sie ist. Genug, dass er ihnen half lebendig zu bleiben, und das Glück erlangen mögen sie hinter dem Horizont …“
Platonow formuliert hier eine Radikalabsage an jegliches Avantgardedenken kommunistischer Prägung. Letztendlich findet das Volk Dshan wieder zusammen, aber freiwillig, von sich aus. Tschagatajew hatte ihm, ohne sich dessen anfangs bewusst zu sein, Wichtigeres als nur das Essen verschafft – die Kraft, seine eigene Seele wiederzufinden. Denn Dshan „heißt Seele oder liebes Leben.“ Und wenn das Leben des Menschen „aber andere Menschen besitzen, der Mensch also unfrei ist, dann ist er nicht nur nicht imstande, seine Kräfte für ein edles Ziel einzusetzen, sondern er existiert noch nicht einmal als Persönlichkeit: Es existieren jene, die den Unfreien besitzen.“ Das schreibt Platonow im Vorwort der Erzählung über die Kurdin Karages (vermutlich 1936).
Jene, die den Menschen ihre Freiheit nehmen, können die orientalischen Beis sein oder auch die Chefs der „neuen Clans“ der Partei, von denen einer die Absicht hat, das Volk Dshan über die Grenze zu führen, um es auf den Sklavenmärkten zu verkaufen. Das kann auch Väterchen Stalin sein …
Gegen dessen Vorstellung, ingenieurtechnisch die Seelen der Menschen umzubauen („die Schriftsteller sind die Ingenieure der menschlichen Seele“), wendet sich Platonow gleich in mehreren Texten des Sammelbandes. Mit dem Essay „Die Gestalt des zukünftigen Menschen“ (1936–1938) schließt der Band ab: „Der zukünftige Mensch wächst und erstarkt selbstständig, infolge des historischen Fortschritts und des revolutionären Kampfes“, meint Andrej Platonow. Mit historischem Fortschritt meint er nicht den technischen Fortschritt. Im Gegenteil, er warnt davor, die Erde mit den inzwischen nie dagewesenen technischen Mitteln weiter auszuplündern. „Die erste sozialistische Tragödie“ liegt für ihn in ebendieser Überschätzung der Möglichkeiten der sozialistischen Gesellschaft: „die Natur ist so beschaffen, dass sie einen Sieg über sich nicht zulässt“. – „Wir aber dringen ins Innere der Welt ein, und als Antwort darauf schlägt sie mit gleicher Kraft zurück.“
Andrej Platonow erlebt in der Karakum den Anfang von Entwicklungen, die beispielsweise zur Vernichtung des Aralsees und zur Zerstörung selbst der einstmals voller Leben steckenden Wüste führten. Er warnt vor der Selbstüberhebung des Menschen. Er weiß, dass der von der Industriegesellschaft aus Gier in Gang gesetzten Selbstvernichtung nur Einhalt geboten werden kann durch das gemeinsame selbstbestimmte Handeln aller. Davon sind wir immer noch meilenweit entfernt. Auch die derzeit von Leuchtgestalten unterschiedlicher Art angeführten Ökologiebewegungen sind nicht sehr viel weiter im Denkansatz als Tschagatajew zu Beginn seiner Reise ins Land der Dshan.
Stalin und seine Zensoren hatten die Gefahren, die von Platonows Schreiben ausgingen, sehr wohl erkannt. Nach dem Krieg durfte er bis zum Ende seines Lebens 1951 nur noch Volksmärchen sammeln und bearbeiten. Der bei Quintus erschienene Sammelband ist ein atemberaubendes Stück Literatur.

Andrej Platonow: Dshan oder Die erste sozialistische Tragödie. Prosa – Essays – Briefe. Herausgegeben und übersetzt von Michael Leetz, Quintus, Berlin 2019, 376 Seiten, 25,00 Euro.

German

          

Calendrier de l'Avent #1 : Un set LEGO Creator Expert 10266 NASA Apollo 11 Lunar Lander à gagner !

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L'heure est venue de lancer la série habituelle de concours qui prend la forme d'un calendrier de l'Avent avec une dotation encore une fois exceptionnelle fournie par LEGO, que je remercie au passage pour son implication régulière dans cet événement annuel. Sans trop vous en dévoiler sur les lots de cette année, je peux au […]

Retrouvez tout l'actu LEGO sur HOTH BRICKS. News, concours, reviews...


          

Český koeficient padá dolů. Jak to bude s nasazením do poháru číslo tři

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Vyřazení už i slávistických fotbalistů z evropských pohárů se nemile projeví na národním koeficientu, který rozhoduje o počtu a nasazení účastníků do jednotlivých soutěží. V současném ročníku se hraje o sezonu 2021/2022, kdy odstartuje nová Evropská konferenční liga.
          

Bronchitis - Bacterial Bronchitis Symptoms

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bronchitis diagnosis: The respiratory organs of the body aid the act of breathing, which is a process that is essential for our own survival. The organs that work in tandem to be able to aid the act of breathing in include the nasal passing, pharynx, larynx, windpipe,... Bronchitis
          

Bronchitis Acute - Is Chronic Bronchitis Contagious?

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bronchitis duration: Coughing, repeated coming with the nasal area as a result of mucus collecting, problems inside breathing . these are common symptoms of bronchitis, an infection of the lungs. It is often associated with asthma patients or a poor cold. However what... Bronchitis Acute
          

Severe Bronchitis Treatment - Severe Bronchitis Treatment

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severe bronchitis treatment: Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) contain colds, flu and diseases of the throat, nose or sinuses. Larger volume nasal washes and saline nose spray have become more popular as one of several treatment options and they are shown to have... severe bronchitis treatment
          

Analog Obsession DYNASAUR v1.0 RETAiL WiN OSX

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Analog Obsession DYNASAUR v1.0 RETAiL WiN OSX



Team DECiBEL | 172.6MB


Intelligent Processor!
"DYNASAUR" is the best helper to tame your annoying frequencies. Dynamically ride your EQ or shape your sound with pure static EQ. Use it as de-esser, multi-band compressor or peak rider!

...
          

Black hole nurtures baby stars a million light years away

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Black holes are famous for ripping objects apart, including stars. But now, astronomers have uncovered a black hole that may have sparked the births of stars over a mind-boggling distance, and across multiple galaxies. Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/INAF/R. Gilli et al.; Radio NRAO/VLA; Optical: NASA/STScIIf confirmed, this discovery, made with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes, would represent the widest reach ever seen...

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Changes in oxygen concentrations in our ocean can disrupt fundamental biological cycles

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New research led by scientists at the University of Bristol has shown that the feedback mechanisms that were thought to keep the marine nitrogen cycle relatively stable over geological time can break down when oxygen levels in the ocean decline significantly. On Aug. 11, 2015, a NASA satellite captured this false-color image of a large bloom of cyanobacteria (Nodularia) swirling in the Baltic Sea. These cyanobacteria fix inorganic...

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BCC Alumni Edwin Perkins

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A black and white image of Bethune-Cookman University alum Edward Perkins, right, conversing over equipment with Bendix technician James Pritle. They are holding a round object in both hands, while three other containers rest on a table in front of them. On the back of the photograph is the following description, provided by NASA: ""Chemist, Mr. Perkins received a BA degree in chemistry from Bethune-Cookman College in 1964, and is currently enrolled in graduate school at Rollins College. He joined Kennedy Space Center on May 22, 1964. Mr. Perkins performs chemical analyses and provides contractor surveillance in the area of rocket propellants. Mr. Perkins is pictured with Bendix technician James Pritle.


          

BCC Alumni Edwin Perkins

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A black and white image of Bethune-Cookman University alum Edward Perkins, right, conversing over equipment with Bendix technician James Pritle. They are holding a round object in both hands, while three other containers rest on a table in front of them. On the back of the photograph is the following description, provided by NASA: ""Chemist, Mr. Perkins received a BA degree in chemistry from Bethune-Cookman College in 1964, and is currently enrolled in graduate school at Rollins College. He joined Kennedy Space Center on May 22, 1964. Mr. Perkins performs chemical analyses and provides contractor surveillance in the area of rocket propellants. Mr. Perkins is pictured with Bendix technician James Pritle.


          

V hlavní roli Dončič. Převýšil Jamese a připravil Lakers třetí prohru

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Los Angeles Lakers našli v basketbalové NBA třetího přemožitele, když doma podlehli Dallasu 100:114. Velký večer prožil dvacetiletý tahoun hostů Luka Dončič, který zastínil LeBrona Jamese s Anthonym Davisem.
          

Vyhrajte boj s nachlazením. Pokud selže prevence, nasaďte pomocníky

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Chřipce a nachlazení se můžeme účinně bránit, je třeba se jenom vyvarovat běžných chyb a dodržovat několik jednoduchých zásad. Možná vás překvapí, jak málo stačí.
          

Zapalme Šumavu, píše se v tajném plánu správy parku. Starostové se bojí

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Na Šumavě bude v dalších letech hořet. Úmyslně. Správa šumavského parku připravuje dosud utajovaný dokument, jak o národní park v budoucnu pečovat. V něm se plánuje, že požáry bude sama zakládat.
          

Daimler propustí do tří let 10 tisíc lidí. Šetří na elektrické mercedesy

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Německá automobilka Daimler se chystá do tří let zrušit po celém světě deset tisíc pracovních míst, což jsou více než tři procenta z celkového počtu zaměstnanců. Firma uvedla, že ohledně tohoto plánu už dosáhla dohody s odbory.
          

Diagnóstico de los pacientes con alergia a gamba /

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Introducción: La alergia a marisco es una de las principales causas de alergia a alimentos en adultos, y es una causa frecuente de anafilaxia. Se estima que tiene una prevalencia mundial del 5. 4%. Está establecido que la tropomiosina es el alérgeno mayor de la gamba, y se considera un panalérgeno, responsable de la gran reactividad cruzada entre crustáceos y ácaros del polvo doméstico. El perfil de sensibilización alergénica a la gamba de los pacientes puede ser diferente según sea el clima y la exposición a ácaros a los que se vean sometidos. En la actualidad el diagnóstico de alergia a gambas incluye la realización de pruebas intraepidérmicas, determinaciones de IgE específicas y pruebas de provocación oral controlada. Objetivos: El objetivo principal de este estudio fue evaluar la presencia de reactividad cruzada entre ácaros y gamba en nuestra población. Métodos: Se reclutaron pacientes con pruebas cutáneas positivas a gamba y se clasificaron en función de las manifestaciones clínicas. Se prepararon extractos alergénicos de varias especies de ácaros y gambas, y se cuantificó el contenido proteico. Se realizaron pruebas cutáneas intraepidérmicas y determinación de IgE específica por absorbancia a todos los extractos, y de IgE específica a gamba y Pen a 1 por enzimoinmunoensayo. Mediante SDS-PAGE y Western blot se obtuvieron los perfiles proteicos y alergénicos, y se realizaron ELISA de competición y Western blot de inhibición para valorar la reactividad cruzada entre ácaros y gamba. Resultados: De los 117 pacientes incorporados al estudio, 99 (84. 6%) se clasificaron como alérgicos a gamba. Las principales manifestaciones clínicas fueron urticaria/angioedema (42. 4%) y anafilaxia (34. 4%). El 73. 7% de los pacientes alérgicos a gamba también eran alérgicos a ácaros. En los extractos estudiados se detectaron varias proteínas comunes: tropomiosina, paramiosina, arginina quinasa, triosa-fosfato isomerasa y proteína de choque térmico. La determinación de IgE específica a gamba, a Pen a 1 y a los extractos nuevos no presentó diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre alérgicos y no alérgicos. Se demostró reactividad cruzada entre ácaros y gamba, siendo los ácaros el sensibilizador primario. Conclusión: Este es el primer estudio realizado en Barcelona que demuestra la existencia de reactividad cruzada entre los ácaros del polvo doméstico y las gambas, siendo los ácaros los responsables de la sensibilización primaria. En los extractos de ácaros del polvo doméstico y de gamba estudiados se han hallado proteínas comunes que podrían justificar la reactividad cruzada entre ambos. Las pruebas cutáneas intraepidérmicas a los extractos testados y la determinación de IgE específica a gamba y a Pen a 1, no son capaces de discriminar a los pacientes alérgicos a gamba de los no alérgicos. ; Background: Shellfish allergy is one of the main causes of food allergy in adults, and often causes anaphylaxis. It is estimated a global prevalence of 5. 4%. Tropomyosin is the major allergen in shrimp and it is considered a cross-reactive panallergen, responsible of reactivity between crustaceans and mites. Exposure to mites can modify the divers allergenic profile to shrimp. Currently, shrimp allergy diagnosis include skin prick tests, specific IgE determinations and oral food challenge. Objectives: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of cross-reactivity between shrimp and house dust mites in our population. Methods: Patients with positive skin prick test to shrimp were recruited and classified into groups according to the clinics. Different allergenic extracts were prepared from shrimp and house dust mites, and its protein content was achieved. Skin prick tests and specific IgE to shrimp and Pen a 1 was measured. The allergenic profile was studied by means of SDS-PAGE and Western blot. Cross-reactivity was analysed by competition ELISA and Western blot. Results: 117 patients were enrolled, and 99 (84. 6%) were classified as allergic to shrimp. The most reported symptoms were urticaria/angioedema (42. 4%) and anaphylaxis (34. 4%). 73. 7% were also allergic to house dust mites. The newly prepared extracts had some proteins in common: tropomyosin, paramyosin, arginine kinase, triose phosphate isomerase and heat shock protein. Specific IgE to shrimp, to Pen a 1, and to the newly extracts did not showed statistical differences between allergic and non-allergic shrimp patients. Cross reactivity between shrimp and mites was demonstrated, with mites acting as a primary sensitizer. Conclusion: This is the first study performed in Barcelona that demonstrate the cross-reactivity between house dust mites and shrimp allergens. The primary sensitization was due to house dust mites. Cross reactivity could be explained because of the common proteins included in both extracts. Intraepidermal cutaneous test to these extracts, and specific IgE determinations to shrimp and to Pen a 1, fail to discern between shrimp allergic and non-allergic patients.
          

Regulation of the oocyte pool in mammals /

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Durant la oogènesi dels mamífers, les oogònies proliferen forman els anomenats cists. Les oogònies entren en meiosis progressant en la profase I i els cists es trenquen al mateix temps que es produeix una mort massiva perinatal dels oòcits. En la profase I, s’indueixen trencaments de doble cadena (DSBs) per tot el genoma, que son reparats per recombinació homòloga per a promoure la sinapsi dels cromosomes homòlegs. Existeixen diferents mecanismes que s’activen en resposta a errors en aquests processos i que aturen el cicle cel·lular i produeixen l’apoptosi de les cèl·lules danyades. La resposta al dany al DNA (DDR) es activada en presència d’oòcits i d’espermatòcits amb errors de recombinació en l’anomenat checkpoint de recombinació. Per l’altre banda, errors en la sinapsi activen el checkpoint de sinapsi. El nostre objectiu era caracteritzar les funcions de la DDR i del checkpoint de sinapsi durant l’oogènesi en mamífers. Contràriament al que succeeix en espermatòcits, els oòcits presenten un alt número de DSBs no reparats a l’estadi de paquitè en el moment en que es produeix la mort oocitària massiva i el trencament del cists. Per tal d’esbrinar si el checkpoint de recombinació participa en la regulació del número d’oòcits en mamífers, hem analitzat el número de DSBs, el número d’oòcits en femelles perinatals i adultes, el trencament dels cists, la formació de fol·licles i la vida reproductiva de femelles de ratolí control i mutants per a la quinasa efectora de la via de la DDR, la proteïna CHK2. Les nostres dades han revelat la implicació de CHK2 en la regulació del número d’oòcits, però només en ovaris fetals, obrint la possibilitat de l’existència d’una via alternativa regulant el número d’oòcits després del naixement. Els nostres estudis utilitzant ovaris cultivats in vitro en presència d’inhibidors, suggereixen que CHK1 podria compensar l’absència de CHK2 in vivo. Per tant, la via de la DDR controlaria el número d’oòcits en mamífers. A més, hem trobat un augment del número d’oòcits en adultes velles mutants per CHK2 suggerint que la DDR controla la llargada de la vida reproductiva en mamífers. Finalment, hem estudiat el possible paper de TRIP13 en el checkpoint de sinapsi. La proteïna TRIP13 es necessària per a la recombinació, però també per a la sinapsi dels cromosomes sexuals i per a la formació de la vesícula sexual, suggerint un possible rol al checkpoint de sinapsi. Hem analitzat el número d’oòcits en ovaris Spo11-/- Trip13mod/mod i Dmc1-/- Chk2-/- Trip13mod/mod per a esbrinar si TRIP13 es necessària per a activar el checkpoint de sinapsi en femelles. Les nostres dades han revelat un rescat en el número d’oòcits en el triple mutant, però no en el doble. Aquest resultats obren la possibilitat de que TRIP13 participi en el checkpoint de sinapsis, però com a alternativa, proposem que aquesta participació podria ser compatible amb una possible regulació per part de TRIP13 de la elecció de la via de reparació dels DSBs. ; During mammalian oogenesis, oogonia proliferate forming the so-called cysts. The oogonia enter meiosis progressing through prophase I and the cysts break down concomitantly to massive perinatal oocyte death. During meiotic prophase I, double strand breaks (DSBs) are induced throughout the genome and repaired by homologous recombination to promote the synapsis of the homologous chromosomes. In response to errors in these processes, different response pathways are activated triggering cell cycle arrest or even apoptosis. The DNA damage response (DDR) is activated in response of meiocytes with recombination failure in the recombination checkpoint; while errors in synapsis trigger the synapsis checkpoint. We aimed to characterize the roles of the DDR and synapsis checkpoint in mammalian oogenesis. Contrary to what occurs in spermatocytes, oocytes present high numbers of unrepaired DSBs at pachynema, at the time of the massive oocyte death and cyst breakdown. In order to know if the recombination checkpoint participates in the regulation of the oocyte number in mammals, we analyzed the presence of DSBs, the oocyte number in both perinatal and adult females, the cyst breakdown, the formation of follicles and the reproductive lifespan using control and mutant mice for the effector kinase of the DNA damage response pathway, CHK2. Our data revealed the involvement of CHK2 in the regulation of the oocyte number but only in fetal ovaries prior to birth, raising the question of a possible alternative regulator acting just after birth. Our studies using in vitro ovarian cultures using inhibitors, suggest that CHK1 may compensate the loss of CHK2 perinatally in vivo. Thus, revealing that the DDR pathway controls the oocyte number in mammals. Furthermore, we found an increased number of oocytes in elder Chk2 mutant females suggesting that the DDR controls the reproductive lifespan extension in mammals. Finally, we studied the possible involvement of TRIP13 in the synapsis checkpoint. The protein TRIP13 is required for recombination, but it is also needed for the synapsis of sex chromosomes and the sex body formation. Thus, suggesting a possible role in the synapsis checkpoint. We analyzed the oocyte number in females from Spo11-/- Trip13mod/mod and Dmc1-/- Chk2-/- Trip13mod/mod ovaries in order to infer if TRIP13 is required to implement the synapsis checkpoint in females. Our data revealed a rescue in the number of oocytes in the triple mutant, but not in the double mutant. These results leave open the possibility of a participation of TRIP13 in the synapsis checkpoint, but as an alternative, they could be compatible with a possible role of TRIP13 regulating the DSB repair pathway choice.
          

Mutaciones del gen del receptor del factor de crecimiento epidérmico (EGFR) en pacientes con carcinoma no microcítico de pulmón:: cribado poblacional, significado predictivo y pronóstico y estrategias terapéuticas a la progresión /

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La presente tesis doctoral se basa en la compilación de dos artículos que versan sobre el estudio de los pacientes con cáncer no microcítico de pulmón (CNMP) portadores de mutaciones en el gen EGFR (EGFR). La tesis incluye dos estudios que se centran en las estrategias terapéuticas y de genotipado en sangre en la misma población de pacientes cuya enfermedad ha progresado al tratamiento con inhibidores de tirosina quinasa (ITQ) de primera y segunda generación. El primer estudio incluye los resultados de seguridad y eficacia de la combinación de afatinib y sirolimus en pacientes con resistencia adquirida a los ITQ de primera generación. El segundo trabajo explora la utilidad de la biopsia liquida en la detección y monitorización de la mutación T790M en un grupo de pacientes tratados con osimertinib, un ITQ de tercera generación. La mutación T790M representa el principal mecanismo de resistencia en estos pacientes. El estudio explora también la correlación de la evolución de T790M en sangre con la respuesta clínica y radiológica de los pacientes. Las conclusiones han sido las siguientes: 1. La combinación de afatinib y sirolimus en pacientes con CNMP con mEGFR en progresión a ITQ de primera y segunda generación proporciona una respuesta similar a la obtenida con afatinib en monoterapia y con una alta tasa de efectos adversos. Estos resultados no justifican el desarrollo de nuevos estudios con esta combinación. 2. La detección de T790M en muestra de sangre es factible. La desaparición de T790M en sangre en pacientes con CNMP con mEGFR y resistencia adquirida a ITQ de primera y segunda generación producida por la T790M se asocia a respuesta clínica y radiológica a osimertinib. La reaparición de T790M podría ser un marcador de resistencia a osimertinib en aquellos casos en que dicha mutación había desaparecido y permanece como mecanismo principal de resistencia adquirida. ; The present doctoral thesis is based on the compilation of two articles that deal with the study and treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who harbor mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR). The thesis includes two studies that are focused on therapeutic strategies and blood genotyping in the same population of patients whose disease has progressed to treatment with first- and second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). The first study includes the safety and efficacy results of the combination of afatinib and sirolimus in patients with acquired resistance to first generation TKI. The second study explores the usefulness of liquid biopsy in the detection and monitoring of the T790M mutation in a group of patients treated with osimertinib, a third-generation TKI. The T790M mutation represents the main mechanism of resistance in these patients. The study also explores the correlation of the evolution of T790M in blood with the clinical and radiological response of patients. The conclusions have been the following: 1. The combination of afatinib and sirolimus in patients with NSCLC with mEGFR in progression to first- and second- generation TKI provides a similar response to that obtained with afatinib monotherapy and with a high rate of adverse effects. These results do not justify the development of new studies with this combination. 2. The detection of T790M in blood sample is feasible. The disappearance of T790M in blood in patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC and T790M-mediated acquired resistance is associated with clinical and radiological response to osimertinib. The reemergence of T790M could be a marker of resistance to osimertinib in those patients in which T790M mutation had previously disappeared and remains as the main mechanism of acquired resistance.
          

"곧 갈 수 있다" 에베레스트의 3배높이 '올림푸스 몬스', 유인화성탐사가면 꼭 봐야할 명소

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[뉴스항공우주 최지현 기자] 어린 시절 달에 토끼가 산다는 엉뚱한 상상을 한 적이 있다. 어쩌면 50년 전 달에 처음 간 우주인이 토끼처럼 콩콩 뛰어서 그런지도 모른다. 그래서 인간은 달로 가는 상상을 종종 했었다. 4차 산업혁명 시대가 도래하면서 과학기술은 급속도로 발전했고, 이는 우리가 상상만 하던 것을 현실로 이뤄주고 있다. NASA는 2033년 유인 화성탐사 계획을 내놨다. NASA와는 별도로 민간기업인 스페이스X가 2022년 유인 화성 탐사 우주선을 쏘아 올릴 계획이라고 밝히기도 했다. 달을 넘어 화성에 갈 ...
          

NASA 아르테미스 프로젝트에 나서는 오리온 우주선, 플럼 브룩 기지 도착해

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 [뉴스항공우주 이정민 기자] NASA가 지난 5월에 발표한 ‘아르테미스 프로젝트’는 새로운 달 탐사 프로젝트로 여성을 포함한 우주인 탐사단의 2024년 달 착륙을 목표로 추진되고 있다.  이 아르테미스 프로젝트에 이용될 우주선인 ‘오리온 우주선’이 지난 26일(美 현지 시각), 오하이오주 샌더스키에 위치한 NASA 플럼 브룩 역에 도착했다. 오리온 우주선은 아르테미스 프로젝트를 위한 우주 환경 테스트를 받는 등 본격적인 프로젝트에 나서기 전 워밍업에 들어갔다.  ▲ NASA 아르테미스 프로젝트에 사용될 오...
          

NASA, 자체적으로 개발한 달 착륙선 기술 서버 통해 공개

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[뉴스항공우주 이정민 기자] 미 항공우주국 NASA는 달, 화성 등을 향한 기관의 임무를 끊임없이 추진하고 있다. 이를 위해 NASA는 끊임없이 우주와 관련된 최상위 기술 개발에 매진하고 있다. 최근에는 달을 탐사하고 이를 과학적으로 조사하기 위해 페이로드 우주선을 달에 보내기 위한 연구가 지속적으로 추진되고 있다. NASA는 올해 6월부터 총 3곳의 민간 사업자와 함께 상업 달 페이로드 서비스(Commercial Lunar Payload Services, 이하 CLPS)사업을 진행하고 있다. NASA는 CLPS 사업을 통해 달 표면으로 페이로드 전달에 대한...
          

Ogród różany – Nowa Huta

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Więcej zdjęć? Kliknij w obrazek. 22 .11.2019 r. młodzież naszej szkoły brała udział w inicjatywie lokalnej pod nazwą Ogród różany rozproszony- nawiązującą do historycznych nasadzeń w postaci krzewów różanych. Uczniowie klasy 1bg i klasy 1e wraz z wychowawcami posadzili 200 krzewów czerwonych róż na skrzyżowaniu Alei Róż z ul. Żeromskiego. Wychowawcy- Beata Łatka , Wiesław Kucab Na alei Róż znów zakwitną róże Uczniowie posadzili 200 róż w Alei Róż
          

First voyage for spaceship Orion

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  The Orion spaceship took off on board a Super Guppy aircraft from the Kennedy Space Center on Sunday, November 24: destination the world's largest thermal vacuum chamber, owned by NASA. This is where the hot test phase of several months will begin for the spacecraft. The Super Guppy landed at Mansfield, Ohio. The transfer to Plum Brook Station in Sandusky, Ohio, is scheduled for Tuesday, November 26th. A team of engineers and technicians from Airbus, the European Space Agency (ESA), Lo...

Read the full story at https://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=250722


          

Sypač SCHÖRLING - 50 000

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Prodám sypač s radlicí. Bez TP vhodný pro úklid sněhu v areálu. Motor VW 1.9D. Hydropojezd 4x2. Hydraulické natáčení radlice. Skvělý a obratný pracant, loni v plném nasazení-chodníky, parkoviště atd. Koroze násypky,na funkci nemá vliv. Koupil jsem Mu ...
          

L'ex Miss Italia Edelfa Chiara Masciotta investita da un'auto a Torino: "Naso rotto e traumi"

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Brutta avventura per l’ex Miss Italia Edelfa Chiara Masciotta, investita da un’auto in pieno nel centro di Torino. La reginetta di bellezza, moglie del calciatore della Salernitana Alessandro Rosina, è stata investita in Corso Matteotti e ha riportato ferite e traumi, soprattutto al setto nasale. L’incidente, di cui viene data notizia da Torino Today, risale al 19 novembre scorso.

Le conseguenze non sono state gravi, ma il trauma al setto nasale ha reso necessario per l’ex Miss un intervento chirurgico. Intervistata da Repubblica, Edelfa Chiara Masciotta ha detto: “Sono stata investita in corso Matteotti e il mio naso era messo davvero male. Dopo l’intervento ne avrò ancora per una settimana poi passerà anche il gonfiore. Per fortuna che siamo venuti qui…”.

La showgirl è stata vincitrice dell’edizione 2005 di Miss Italia, incoronata da Bruce Williams, che era presidente di giuria quell’anno. Ha recitato in diverse fiction, come Le Tre Rose di Eva e Che Dio Ci Aiuti


          

"Due anni fa ero in bagno a vomitare e a piangere. Ma oggi qualcosa di bello è accaduto"

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Ormai non crede più alla casualità, ma è convinta che ogni avvenimento abbia uno scopo preciso nella nostra esistenza. Elena Santarelli ha ricordato su Instagram l’incontro con la famiglia di genitori che hanno perso la loro bambina a causa di un tumore cerebrale, un incontro chiave per la nascita del Progetto Heal. La piccola era nata il 29 novembre, proprio lo stesso giorno in cui la showgirl ha scoperto la malattia del figlio. “Il 29/11/2017 ricordo che ero in bagno a vomitare e a piangere in silenzio”, scrive la showgirl su Instagram.

E ancora: “Ero ignara che a pochi km da casa mia c’erano due genitori che piangevano per non poter più festeggiare il compleanno della loro bambina nata lo stesso giorno in cui io ho ricevuto il pugno allo stomaco, scomparsa nel 2015 a causa di un tumore cerebrale”.

La Santarelli ricorda l’incontro con i genitori della piccola, Simone e Serena, coloro i quali, di lì a poco, avrebbero seminato il primo seme del Progetto Heal, la campagna di sensibilizzazione e raccolta fondi dedicata a sostenere la ricerca nell’ambito della neuro-oncologia pediatrica. “Non è un caso che io abbia scoperto il tumore il 29/11/17 e che Gaia sia nata il 29/11/2010, oramai sono grande e non credo più alla casualità, qualsiasi fatto accade sempre per un motivo”.

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Il 29/11/2017 ricordo che ero in bagno a vomitare e a piangere in silenzio,ero ignara che a pochi km da casa mia c’erano due genitori che piangevano per non poter più festeggiare il compleanno della loro bambina nata lo stesso giorno in cui io ho ricevuto il pugno allo stomaco,scomparsa nel 2015 a causa di un tumore cerebrale. Da lì a pochi ho conosciuto i suoi genitori,simone e serena che hanno seminato nel 2016 il primo seme al @progettoheal in memoria di Gaia. Non è un caso che io abbia scoperto il tumore il 29/11/17 e che Gaia sia nata il 29/11/2010,oramai sono grande e non credo più alla casualità’,qualsiasi fatto accade sempre per un motivo. La mia storia vuole essere la testimonianza di come nella vita accadano incontri che all’apparenza sembrano casuali, ma che in realtà poi ti rendi conto essere frutto di una connessione incredibile che la mente razionale non può comprendere ma che sa discernere come qualcosa che non si può definire come risultato di una circostanza fortuita. Ogni avvenimento ha uno scopo ben preciso nella nostra esistenza e che, se impariamo a riconoscerli, nella vita accadono veri e propri miracoli. Il miracolo per me è che qs sera la famiglia di @progettoheal insieme a me che sono la madrina e @christianvieri nostro grande sostenitore consegneremo i primi 250 MILA EURO ( ne mancano ancora molti per arrivare alla cifra finale )al bambino Gesù per l’acquisto del simulatore in 3d che è già in uso per la neurochirurgia pediatrica del bambino Gesù di Roma e allo stesso tempo inaugureremo la sede Romana di progetto heal . Ecco come una data tanto odiata si trasforma in miracolo,grazie a tutti voi che avete permesso questo primo step e grazie a te Gaia per aver scelto me in questa missione mediatica e di cuore 💓. #cancerfighter #love #progettoheal #futurebrain #healonlus #rome #hope #betterfuture

Un post condiviso da Elenasantarelli (@elenasantarelli) in data:

“La mia storia vuole essere la testimonianza di come nella vita accadano incontri che all’apparenza sembrano casuali, ma che in realtà poi ti rendi conto essere frutto di una connessione incredibile che la mente razionale non può comprendere ma che sa discernere come qualcosa che non si può definire come risultato di una circostanza fortuita”, scrive ancora su Instagram. “Ogni avvenimento ha uno scopo ben preciso nella nostra esistenza e che, se impariamo a riconoscerli, nella vita accadono veri e propri miracoli”.

Oggi la Santarelli si dice spettatrice di un vero e proprio miracolo: “Il miracolo per me è che questa sera la famiglia di Progetto Heal insieme a me che sono la madrina Christian Vieri nostro grande sostenitore consegneremo i primi 250mila euro al bambino Gesù per l’acquisto del simulatore in 3d che è già in uso per la neurochirurgia pediatrica del bambino Gesù di Roma e allo stesso tempo inaugureremo la sede Romana di Progetto Heal. Ecco come una data tanto odiata si trasforma in miracolo”.

La showgirl si sente, dunque, in dovere di ringraziare anche quella bambina che oggi non c’è più e che non ha avuto la stessa sorte del figlio Giacomo: “Grazie a tutti voi che avete permesso questo primo step e grazie a te Gaia per aver scelto me in questa missione mediatica e di cuore”.


          

BROŃ KOSMICZNA -Zmiennokształtny dron szybkiego reagowania

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OCEŃ TEN WPIS ! DZIĘKUJĘ ZA OCENĘ Elitarne kalifornijskie ośrodki inżynieryjne – Laboratorium Napędu Odrzutowego NASA z Pasadeny oraz uniwersytet techniczny Caltech – połączyły siły w pracach nad specjalnym rodzajem… Czytaj dalej
          

[VIDEO] Ataque en Londres con cuchillo deja 5 personas heridas; posible ataque terrorista

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Un hombre armado con un cuchillo lesionó a cinco personas cerca del Puente de Londres, en Inglaterra, pero oficiales de la Policía Metropolitana lograron abatirlo. Personas que se encontraban cerca del lugar llamaron a las autoridades alrededor de las 2:00 PM (hora local) por el apuñalamiento a un transeúnte. En el video se aprecia como tres agentes policiales abaten al agresor mientras que los ciudadanos retiran …
          

There's a Violent Battle Between Solar Wind and Cosmic Rays, and Voyager 2 Just Passed Through it

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At the edge of our solar system, a fierce battle rages between solar wind and interstellar rays. NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft has now passed through the frontlines.
          

Benefits of Adjustable Bases and Mattresses

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No longer merely the province of hospitals or temporary post-operative home health care, adjustable beds are equipped with one-touch preset buttons with multiple settings that create a “custom sleeping environment” that allows you to not only raise and lower the head and feet of your bed to different angles, but includes built in heat and massage settings, and USB ports.

An adjustable bed can be your new best friend if you suffer from

Back and Neck Pain

A simple flick of a button adjusts your head and feet and provides your back and neck with a sleep surface that supports your spine, alleviates pressure on your sciatic nerve, and reduces compression in your lower back. Raising the foot of the bed keeps knees bent and legs elevated. The angled head replaces the need for multiple pillows and reduces neck pain. 

Arthritis and Joint Pain

Chronic arthritis and stiff or aching joints can be reduced by taking weight off your problem areas. If morning stiffness is an issue, just adjust the bed up or down for a more painless exit.

Swollen Legs and Impaired Circulation 

Pregnant women, people with impaired circulation, varicose veins or those recovering from surgery or an accident know that lying flat in bed causes fluids to pool in your legs and causes swelling, inflammation, and pain. The adjustable bed base easily elevates legs to decrease swelling, reduces blood pressure and increases oxygen and blood flow to the heart and throughout the body.

Sleep Apnea, Asthma, and Snoring

Lying flat puts extra weight on your windpipe that creates the rumbling noise commonly known as snoring. When the adjustable frame lifts the head, gravity takes the weight off the windpipe.

Sleeping in an angled position improves airflow, reduces obstruction in the nasal passages, and allows for a healthier and uninterrupted sleep. Oxygen—restricted when you lay flat—flows more freely and decreases the probability of an asthma attack. Sinus pressure is also naturally relieved when the head lifted.

Acid Reflux and Heartburn

Lying flat causes stomach acids to flow up into the esophagus and cause acid reflux and heartburn. Keeping the head on an incline of 6-8” inch keeps stomach acid out of the throat and promotes healthier digestion.

Digestion disturbances

During sleep, the body works to digest and process foods. Lying flat hinders its ability to process food. Lifting the head 6 “ creates healthier digestion.

Insomnia

Insomniacs are forever seeking the magic remedy to a good night sleep! No matter the cause, an adjustable bed base offers numerous choices for a better sleep position that improves the blood and oxygen flow that promotes restful sleep and ends nightime tossing and turning.

How to choose the right Adjustable Bed

The most important part of an adjustable bed is adjustable base, one you can raise or lower with ease and that lifts the top (head) and bottom (feet) of the mattress between 40 and 70 degrees. You want a bed that allows you to be comfortable not just when you sleep, but when you read and watch TV.

Flexibility, durability, and support are key factors that determine your comfort. The right mattress must bend and flex while still maintaining support and structural integrity. Memory foam and latex mattresses and hybrids perform well for flexible sleep systems because they can adapt to the base’s various elevations, support and comfort are not compromised by bending them, and they withstand motion.

Traditional innerspring mattresses are also available but are not as flexible.

Mattress Thickness is also Important

A mattress that is 6” to 14” thick is considered most ideal. Beds higher than 14” can impede the functionality of the base and limit the range of positions available to the user. If it is well constructed, a mattress between 10”-12” is best. Thinner mattresses will not support your body.

Whether illness, accident, age or disability impede your comfort, rest or mobility, an adjustable bed base is a friend in need and a friend in deed. King, queen or twin: Walker Furniture has the base, frame and mattress that make an ideal companion.

References:

https://www.ghostbed.com/education/10-health-benefits-of-an-adjustable-bed-base/


          

Space laser scans reveal massive migration of ocean wildlife

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Based on findings from “CALIPSO” lidar and IR earth observation joint venture by NASA and French Space Agency.
          

Junior Satellite Operator - NASA - Suitland, MD - Suitland, MD 20752

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We are seeking a Junior Satellite Operator for the GOES-R satellite enterprise in Suitland, MD. Part of a team operating an enterprise scale multi-satellite constellation....
          

Strategies in Promoting the Website of Puro Mangkunegaran Palace

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Abstrak

This internship report is written based on my internship activity from January 4th to March 4th

2016 as an intern at Puro Mangkunegaran Palace. The objective of…

Author : Clarissa Nasarani

          

»Auf einen Jupitermond«

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Als vergangene Woche die Sonde »InSight« auf dem Mars landete, stand Aline Zimmer, 33, im Kontrollraum der Nasa und fieberte mit. Die Saarländerin arbeitet als Systemingenieurin im Nasa Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Kalifornien. Zimmer war für die wichtigen Minuten der Mission mitverantwortlich.
          

Media Sosial dan Kemanusiaan: Pembingkaian Isu Pentingnya Air Susu Ibu (Asi) dalam Instagram “Lactashare”

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Pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) menjadi salah satu isu yang mendapat perhatian dari dunia internasional. Hal tersebut terlihat dari masuknya breastfeeding atau pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) sebagai salah…

Author : Dinda Anggun Ratnasari

          

The Links Between Economic Activities and Environment: Case Study of Asean Countries

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Abstrak : Masalah lingkungan merupakan isu yang menjadi sorotan dunia saat ini. Masalah lingkungan antara lain adalah pemanasan global, perubahan iklim, ketahanan pangan, dan polusi gas emisi. Pemahaman…

Author : Winny Perwithosuci

          

Peningkatan Pemahaman Siswa dengan Metode Ceramah Berbantu Peta Konsep pada Materi Sistem Informasi Akuntansi di SMA Sukoharjo, Jawa Tengah

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Pemahaman merupakan tingkan kedua (C2) dari enam tingkatan hasil belajar kognitif. Pemahaman diperlukan untuk memudahkan siswa dalam mempelajari materi yang diajarakan. Akuntansi adalah mata pelajaran…

Author : Ayu Perdanasari

          

NASA'nın Paylaştığı Muhteşem Uzay Fotoğrafları

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NASA'nın Güneş Sistemi'nin ardında yer alan dış gezegenleri keşfetmek için kullandığı TESS, yakın zamanda yakaladığı eşsiz fotoğrafları paylaştı.
          

Masters of Fog

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Masters of Fog

Tandis que le label A.C.T. continue de sortir des concerts du feu Esbjörn Svensson Trio (Live In London en 2018, Live In Gothenburg en 2019), les deux membres survivants de l'emblématique groupe suédois, Magnus Öström et Dan Berglund, poursuivent leurs explorations sonores, occasionnellement ensemble (dans le trio Rydmen) et le plus souvent dans leurs projets respectifs. Avec Johan Lindström, Martin Hederos et Andreas Werliin, Berglund croise les genres depuis plus de dix ans dans son « usine sonore » Tonbruket, dont tout nouveau disque contient son lot d'hybridations soignées, aventureuses mais qui n'exclut aucun public.

Dans un esprit toujours très cinématographique, chaque titre agit en catalyseur pour l'imaginaire de celui qui se laisse porter par onze titres dont la principale caractéristique est de ne pas se ressembler. « Masters of Fog » navigue placidement entre deux eaux, deux atmosphères brumeuses, l'une douce-amère, l'autre nettement plus inquiétante, où les ponctuations de la contrebasse et la batterie monolithique tissent un confortable matelas aux nappes de claviers et au chant de la pedal steel. Dans un même registre, on cède facilement à « A Tale of Fall » et la guitare délicate, toute en retenue de Johan Lindström. Pour autant, Tonbruket ne déroule pas le tapis rouge et sollicite l'effort juste au moment où on pensait quitter le sol à la suite des élans nostalgiques créés par le piano et le violon sur « The Enders ». « Enter the Amazonas » vous embringue ainsi dans ses expérimentations electro et krautrock, vous pousse vers un « Tonability » vaguement psychobilly dont la pedal steel - encore elle - et les claviers vintage évoquent une série policière américaine des années soixante. Sans respiration, vous voilà ensuite perdus dans les méandres étranges martelés par « Waiting For Damocles Sword ». En somme, Masters of Fog ne met jamais vraiment en sécurité, sautant de la répétition rassurante et acoustique de « The Barn » à la rugosité saccadée et électrique de « Wheel nr.5 ». Quant à ceux qui rechercheraient un album de jazz (quelle idée, quand même, sur un label consacré à ce genre depuis des décennies...), ils en seront également pour leurs frais : on en est très loin - ou plus précisément c'est ici une composante parmi d'autres - hormis peut-être sur le final « The Pavlova Murders ».

Plus que jamais dans la recherche d'ambiances et de sonorités nouvelles et surtout pas dans l'expérimentation bruitiste, ce sixième Tonbruket (si l'on compte le témoignage Live Salvation sorti en 2018) est à l'image de ses prédécesseurs : abordable et exigeant, dépouillé et sophistiqué. La classe suédoise.


          

Black Hawk down [Blu-ray] $9.99

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Black Hawk down [Blu-ray] $9.99 free shipping with Amazon Prime
From acclaimed director Ridley Scott (The Martian) and renowned producer Jerry Bruckheimer (Pearl Harbor) comes the gripping true story about bravery, camaradarie and the complex reality of war. BLACK HAWK DOWN stars an exceptional cast including Josh Hartnett, Ewan McGregor and Eric Bana. In 1993, an elite group of American Rangers and Delta Force soldiers are sent to Somalia on a critical mission to capture a violent warlord whose corrupt regime has led to the starvation of hundreds of thousands of Somalis. When the mission goes quickly and terribly wrong, the men find themselves outnumbered and literally fighting for their lives.
          

Una enginyera valenciana, Medalla a l'Èxit Públic de la NASA en els Estats Units

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Va estudiar en la UPV
          

Exxon knew — and so did coal

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Story 352923584

This story was originally published by HuffPost and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration.

“Exxon knew.” Thanks to the work of activists and journalists, those two words have rocked the politics of climate change in recent years, as investigations revealed the extent to which giants like ExxonMobil and Shell were aware of the danger of rising greenhouse gas emissions even as they undermined the work of scientists.

But the coal industry knew, too — as early as 1966, a newly unearthed journal shows.

In August, Chris Cherry, a professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, salvaged a large volume from a stack of vintage journals that a fellow faculty member was about to toss out. He was drawn to a 1966 copy of the industry publication Mining Congress Journal; his father-in-law had been in the industry and he thought it might be an interesting memento.

Cherry flipped it open to a passage from James R. Garvey, who was the president of Bituminous Coal Research Inc., a now-defunct coal mining and processing research organization.

“There is evidence that the amount of carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere is increasing rapidly as a result of the combustion of fossil fuels,” wrote Garvey. “If the future rate of increase continues as it is at the present, it has been predicted that, because the CO2 envelope reduces radiation, the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere will increase and that vast changes in the climates of the earth will result.”

“Such changes in temperature will cause melting of the polar icecaps, which, in turn, would result in the inundation of many coastal cities, including New York and London,” he continued.

Cherry was floored.

“It pretty well described a version of what we know today as climate change,” said Cherry. “Increases in average air temperatures, melting of polar ice caps, rising of sea levels. It’s all in there.”

In a discussion piece immediately following Garvey’s article, Peabody Coal combustion engineer James R. Jones noted that the coal industry was merely “buying time” before more air pollution regulations came into effect. “We are in favor of cleaning up our air,” he wrote. “Everyone can point to examples in his own community where something should be done. Our aim is to have control that does not precede the technical knowledge for compliance.”

Climate change is not Cherry’s area of study, but he was struck by how the tone of the articles differed from the way many fossil fuel companies talk about climate change today. Rather than engage in denial, the articles offered a fairly straightforward acknowledgment of the emerging science. (This reporter is also a writer for UT’s Tickle College of Engineering, where Cherry teaches.)

As Cherry did some of his own digging, he soon realized his discovery could be the first evidence that the coal industry was aware of the impending climate crisis more than half a century ago — a finding that could open mining companies to the type of litigation that the oil industry is now facing.

Decades of denial

While Peabody Energy, the largest private-sector coal company in the world and the largest producer of coal in the U.S., now acknowledges climate change on its website, it has been directly and indirectly involved in obfuscating climate science for decades. It funded dozens of trade, lobbying, and front groups that peddled climate misinformation, as The Guardian reported in 2016.

As recently as 2015, Peabody Energy argued that carbon dioxide was a “benign gas essential for all life.”

“While the benefits of carbon dioxide are proven, the alleged risks of climate change are contrary to observed data, are based on admitted speculation, and lack adequate scientific basis,” the company wrote in a letter that year to the White House Council on Environmental Quality.

At the heart of big coal’s denial campaign was Fred Palmer, who served as Peabody’s senior vice president of government relations from 2001 to 2015. In 1997, Palmer founded the Greening Earth Society, a now-defunct industry front group that argued that burning fossil fuels was good for the planet. The group was based in the same office as the Western Fuels Association, a consortium of coal suppliers and coal-fired utilities that Palmer also ran.

“Every time you turn your car on and you burn fossil fuels and you put CO2 into the air, you’re doing the work of the Lord,” Palmer told a Danish documentary team in 1997. “That’s the ecological system we live in.”

Asked for comment, a Peabody spokesperson told HuffPost:“Peabody recognizes that climate change is occurring and that human activity, including the use of fossil fuels, contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. We also recognize that coal is essential to affordable, reliable energy and will continue to play a significant role in the global energy mix for the foreseeable future. Peabody views technology as vital to advancing global climate change solutions, and the company supports advanced coal technologies to drive continuous improvement toward the ultimate goal of near-zero emissions from coal.”

Palmer, who did not respond to HuffPost’s request for comment, continues to carry the torch. He now works as an energy policy adviser to The Heartland Institute, a Chicago-based think tank whose climate denial is so severe that even ExxonMobil abandoned funding it and its climate denial efforts a decade ago. In 2011, leaked memos showed that the institute paid contrarian scientists like Craig Idso, founder of the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change, $11,600 a month to promote carbon dioxide as beneficial to the environment.

The group sits at the heart of a broader right-wing misinformation network funded in large part by hedge fund billionaire Robert Mercer and his daughter, Rebekah, both Republican mega-donors who backed President Donald Trump and financed projects such as Breitbart News and Cambridge Analytica, the data firm considered key to Trump’s 2016 win. Palmer’s daughter, Downey Magallanes, was a top policy adviser at Trump’s Interior Department before joining oil giant BP in September 2018.

All of this was taking place well after climate change had become a commonly understood idea in the scientific community. A 1965 report from President Lyndon Johnson’s Science Advisory Committee was the first from the White House to address climate change (and is likely what precipitated the Mining Congress Journal article). “The climate changes that may be produced by the increased CO2 content could be deleterious from the point of view of human beings,” it warned. In 1988, NASA scientist James Hansen testified to Congress about what was then known as the “greenhouse effect.” And in 1992, the United Nations established the Framework Convention on Climate Change, an international treaty to begin addressing the problem.

But as this consensus emerged, so too did a wave of industry-funded climate denial via vast, shadowy networks of front groups, public relations campaigns, and scientists for hire.

Pulling back the curtain

In 2015, journalists at InsideClimate News, the Los Angeles Times, and Columbia University exposed internal ExxonMobil documents showing that the company’s scientists had a deep understanding of climate change even as Exxon worked publicly to downplay that science.

Twenty state attorneys general launched an “Exxon Knew” campaign, which eventually led to communities across the country filing at least 14 legal challenges against Exxon and other fossil fuel companies. One lawsuit, from the New York state attorney general’s office, went to trial on October 22 and focuses on how the company accounted for the costs of potential future regulations on climate change. The Massachusetts attorney general filed another suit on October 24, this time claiming the company had engaged in deceptive advertising and misled investors about the systemic financial risks to its business posed by fossil fuel-driven climate change. Earlier this month, two of Hawaii’s biggest municipalities sued Exxon and other big oil companies to recoup the costs of adapting to rising seas and more violent storms.

Evidence of what fossil fuel companies knew about climate change and when is critical to the legal strategy of those seeking damages for carbon dioxide emissions. If fossil fuel companies were aware of their products’ harmful effects on the planet, they could be held liable for damages.

Legal liability boils down to four factors, said David Bookbinder, chief counsel for the Niskanen Center, which is representing counties in Colorado that have filed suits: one, whether the defendants knew that their products would cause climate change; two, what they told or did not tell the public about the consequences of using their products; three, the extent of injuries caused by climate change; and four, whether the defendants’ actions have led to a portion of those injuries. What the plaintiffs in these suits can prove remains to be seen.

What we do know is that coal, when burned, has by far the biggest climate footprint of any fossil fuel, producing more carbon dioxide per unit than oil or gas. In the U.S. alone, coal produced 65 percent of the power sector’s planet-warming emissions. The 1966 article in the Mining Congress Journal certainly raises questions about what the coal industry knew at the time.

Robert Brulle, a professor emeritus of sociology and environmental science at Drexel University, authored a recent paper that suggests the coal industry must have known quite a bit, given how prominently it positioned itself in the climate denial movement.

Brulle researched 12 major groups and coalitions that argued against mandatory regulation of carbon dioxide from 1989 to 2015 — which he calls the “climate change countermovement.” That countermovement included 2,000 different businesses, political or social groups, as well as other organizations, but Brulle found that 179 core organizations belonged to multiple coalitions. Coal companies and predominantly coal-burning utilities were the most prevalent. He describes oil and gas companies as “more of a marginal player” by comparison.

“The coal mining industry — the utilities that were burning it for electricity, along with the railroads who were hauling it — and manufacturing industries like steel were the first corporate forces to become climate deniers and try to block action on climate policy,” said Kert Davies, founder and director of the Climate Investigations Center. “They fought the hardest because they had the biggest existential threat.”

Where do we go from here?

In the aftermath of the 1973 oil embargo, Exxon and other oil giants leased large parcels of land for coal mining with the goal of manufacturing synthetic fuels and lowering U.S. dependence on the Middle East.

Some previously released documents show that Exxon’s scientists began advising that the world phase out coal as a fuel as early as 1979. In one scenario, the Exxon scientists concluded that non-fossil fuels would need to be substituted for coal beginning in the 1990s to keep carbon dioxide levels below atmospheric concentrations of 440 parts per million. In 1999, Exxon merged with Mobil, and by 2002, ExxonMobil had dumped its coal assets.

Meanwhile, the coal industry tried to reinvent itself with the concept of “clean coal.” This as-yet-undelivered promise that carbon capture and other technological advances could lower coal’s environmental impact has been around for decades but resurged in the early 2000s as regulations seemed imminent.

The biggest proponent of this idea was the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity, a coal front group that spent $35 million on public relations campaigns in 2008 alone, seeking to influence the election. A year later, ACCCE was caught sending Congress fraudulent letters opposing federal climate legislation and pretending to be from veterans, women’s, and civil rights groups. The incident led many members to leave the organization, but Peabody remains a member to this day.

“Its whole mission was to stop climate regulations but pretend that they were in favor of clean coal, which, of course, doesn’t exist,” said Davies.

Peabody Energy filed for bankruptcy protection in 2016, the same year carbon dioxide levels hit 400 parts per million. Eight other coal companies have filed for bankruptcy this year. Even as the Trump administration has promised a coal resurgence and rolled back Obama-era regulations, the industry’s profitability continues to experience a downward slide. If the slogan “Coal Knew” ever does take off, it’s unclear who’ll be left to sue.

This story was originally published by Grist with the headline Exxon knew — and so did coal on Nov 29, 2019.


          

Help! There’s a climate denier at my dinner table.

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Story 352657812

The holidays just aren’t complete without a little drama for dessert. And what’s more dramatic than a planet in crisis?

The year is winding down and on course to be the second-hottest year on record. Wildfires raged in Alaska and Australia. One neighborhood in the Florida Keys has been underwater for almost three months straight.

The United Nations recently warned that the targets set by the Paris Agreement in 2015 need to be 5 times stronger if the world is going to avoid some of the worst consequences of a warming planet. So maybe now is the time to broach the subject with your “it’s all a hoax” uncle?

According to a recent poll by market research company Morning Consult, 9 percent of Americans plan to talk about climate change at Thanksgiving this year, while another 13 percent expect someone else to mention it.

Everybody has witnessed a conversation about politics that ended in disaster. But talking with people who refuse to accept the scientific consensus isn’t necessarily destined for failure. People really do change their minds, albeit gradually. An estimated 8 percent of Americans switched to the side of climate science in recent years. One staunch denier from Dallas recently came around after a TV station took him on a trip to visit melting glaciers in Alaska.

It’s not practical (or climate-friendly) to fly all the climate deniers in the United States out to the Alaskan wilderness. So I talked to Emma Frances Bloomfield, the author of Communication Strategies for Engaging Climate Skeptics and an assistant professor of communication studies at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, to get some tips on how to have a productive conversation.

The good news? Research shows that liberals and conservatives alike shift their opinions about climate change to align with the people closest to them. So when it comes to convincing your family and friends, there’s no one more qualified than you. Just don’t expect instant results.

Ask questions (and listen to the answers)

Nobody wants to be treated like they’ve been living under a rock. “If you enter a conversation from an area where you’re going to patronize someone, you’re already setting yourself up for persuasive failure,” Bloomfield said.

You don’t know the right stories to tell or points to bring up until you understand why the person you’re talking to is resistant to accepting that the world is heating up, Bloomfield said. There’s a wide spectrum from hard-line ostriches to passive “climate bystanders,” so you need to understand where your conversation partner sits on this spectrum. The best way to do that is by asking questions. (The New York Times has an interactive guide where you can test out your difficult-conversation skills with an Angry Uncle Bot.)

Find points of connection

Once you’ve mentioned the double-C word, you might be in tricky territory. It’s important to keep coming back to middle-ground topics that both you and your conversation partner care about, Bloomfield said.

“You can say, ‘Hey, by helping the environment, we can make your family safer, we can improve health outcomes in communities, and we can save businesses money in the long term,’” she said. “The environment becomes a means to an end instead of the end itself.”

Anticipate their arguments

If you’re starting from square one, try bringing up classic counterpoints before your conversation partner does — and then reframing them from a new perspective. Take a cue from my friend Mark Jackson, who’s had some success wrangling people out of climate denial. He’ll tell people that a 2-degree Celsius rise in temperatures might not sound like much. But, hey, have you ever had a 102-degree fever? You’re alive, but it’s uncomfortable and it sucks.

Katharine Hayhoe, an atmospheric scientist at Texas Tech University, has a helpful YouTube series on how to respond to misconceptions about the climate crisis, like “this is all part of a natural cycle” or “carbon dioxide isn’t a pollutant.”

Columbia Glacier is seen calving into the waters of Columbia Bay near Valdez, Alaska. Richard Joseph / Contributor / Getty Images

Pop their information bubble

You want to make sure that the conversation (and your friendship) doesn’t end after one conversation. If your discussion partner is unsure who to believe on climate change, Bloomfield recommends asking them to send you articles they’ve been reading. In return, you can send them some reading materials of your own (this cartoon for sure). It’ll get them out of their echo chamber.

The point is to expose people to new perspectives. And there’s nothing more perspective-shaking than seeing melting glaciers firsthand. When Jackson worked as a kayaking guide along the southeastern coast of Alaska in 2016 and 2017, he paddled in the ghost of the retreating Columbia Glacier, one of the fastest-changing in the world. So he felt obligated to bring up the subject on his tours — if not out of a sense of duty, then because tourists asked, “Well, where’s the glacier?” (It’s retreated 12 miles over the past 30 years.)

Tell a story

So, sure, maybe you can’t book an impromptu kayaking trip to Alaska for the family. But maybe you can bring melting glaciers (metaphorically) to them.

When he was working in Alaska, Jackson started bringing up climate change with his parents slowly. He would casually mention when a glacier calved, or recommend they watch the documentary Chasing Ice, which featured Columbia Glacier, so they could see where he worked.

There’s a time and a place for difficult conversations, said Jackson, who grew up in a conservative household in the Midwest where the radio was often tuned to Rush Limbaugh’s show. “I would say that I could not sit with my family and successfully have this conversation at Thanksgiving,” he said.

“If people start out combative,” he said, “then it’s probably not a great idea to engage, because they’re not in the space to hear what you have to say.”

Break down stereotypes

You can’t expect to change someone’s mind with one conversation. But if nothing else, maybe you can help them see that a person who cares about climate change isn’t “the enemy.”

“It goes both ways,” Bloomfield said. When she started interviewing people who dismiss climate science for her research, she assumed that many were likely misinformed, unwilling to listen, or just not that smart. But only a minority of people are really that adamant and loud, she said. Polls back that up: Though only 36 percent of Americans discuss climate change at least occasionally, 60 percent say they’re worried about it, according to the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.

“Most people are just concerned,” Bloomfield said. “Maybe they don’t know who to believe. Maybe they’re worried about the impact on their business that they own. Listening to them helped me learn about them and where they were coming from, in addition to them learning a little bit more about the kinds of people who are environmentalists.”

This story was originally published by Grist with the headline Help! There’s a climate denier at my dinner table. on Nov 27, 2019.


          

Przyjęcie nowych Scholanek

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24 listopada, w Uroczystość Jezusa Chrystusa Króla Wszechświata, podczas Mszy św. o godz. 10:30, zostały przyjęte do scholi „Nutki Jezusa” trzy nowe scholanki: Hania, Marta i Wiktoria. Dziewczynki uroczyście złożyły swoje przyrzeczenie. Dziękując Panu Jezusowi i Jego Matce za łaskę powołania do scholi parafialnej, ślubowały "swoją służbę pełnić pobożnie, pilnie, i radośnie".

Po południu, o godzinie 16:00 w szkole przy kościele, schola zaprosiła wszystkich parafian na koncert muzyczno – wokalny pt. „Nie siła, nie moc, lecz Duch jest w nas”.

          

19 lat `Nutek Jezusa`

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W Niedzielę minioną niedzielę, 24 listopada, w Uroczystość Jezusa Chrystusa Króla Wszechświata, mając w sercu jeszcze niedawne wspomnienie św. Cecylii nasza schola o godzinie 16:00 w szkole przy kościele, zaprosiła wszystkich parafian na koncert muzyczno – wokalny pt. „Nie siła, nie moc, lecz Duch jest w nas”.

Rodzice scholanek przygotowali słodki poczęstunek.
Radość w sercu i wdzięczność za piękny śpiew uwielbienia Pana naszych scholanek, za ich rodziców i rodziny, które troszczą się o duchowy rozwój swych dzieci.
          

¿Qué comen en la Estación Espacial Internacional por Acción de Gracias?

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¿Qué comen en la Estación Espacial Internacional por Acción de Gracias?
Los tres astronautas de la NASA a bordo de la Estación Espacial Internacional también tienen planes para celebrar Acción de Gracias. Te contamos qué es lo que tienen pensado degustar en esta fecha señalada.
          

Moto Guzzi V 85 TT za 319900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 850 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 59.0 kW. AKCE! BONUS! Do konce roku originál příslušenství Moto Guzzi dle vlastního výběru za cca. 40 papouchů. Mediálně nejprovařenější barevná kombinace (i Pepa Sršeň ukáp´ slzu), ale funguje to - na naší předváděčce už máme najeto 5 tisíc kilometrůch. Tuto bene excelente. Na hentu Kozu je možno navěsit tuty cetky: boční kufry aluminium, boční kufry Urban, top case hliník, padáky motoru, plexi vyšší o 12 cm, ledový světla, multimedia platform na Váš placatej telefon, sedlo snížené, sedlo zvýšené, sedlo hemeroidiální komfort, nostalgický prcátka, kryt kardanu anóbrž pro techniky koncového převodu, brzdová páčka černá - 4 polohy, brzdová páčka stříbrná - 4 polohy, spojková páčka černá - poloha suchej tam, mokrej ven, spojková páčka stříbrná dtto, šípovitý výfuk Arrow, extrémně přilnavá ťapka pedálu zadní brzdy (do smrti se jí nezbavíte), zadní tlumič pérování vod Öhlinzů (tento Švéd vysaje Vaše konto jako Dán), tankprotektor (lepí se na kalhoty, aby se nevošouopala nádrž), haupt-hlavní stojan, tankbag, vnitřní taška do topkejzu, vnitřní taška do bočních kufrůch, alarm - nedoporučujeme (za tisíc korun Vám ho rozmluvíme). Aktuální ceny dle kurzu koruna - šiling. Na dvorku už buď byly, nebo jsou, všechny barvy. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V 85 TT za 319900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 850 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 59.0 kW. AKCE! BONUS! Do konce roku originál příslušenství Moto Guzzi dle vlastního výběru za cca. 40 papouchů. Rosso Kalahari alias Mata Hari - ta zatím nevokoukaná dvoubarevka... C. K. favoritka. Majitel obdrží aditivum Beefeater 0,7 l pro lepší záběh. Na hentu kozu je možno navěsit tuty cetky: boční kufry aluminium, boční kufry Urban, top case hliník, padáky motoru, plexi vyšší o 12 cm, ledový světla, multimedia platform na Váš placatej telefon, sedlo snížené, sedlo zvýšené, sedlo hemeroidiální komfort, nostalgický prcátka, kryt kardanu anóbrž pro techniky koncového převodu, brzdová páčka černá - 4 polohy, brzdová páčka stříbrná - 4 polohy, spojková páčka černá - poloha suchej tam, mokrej ven, spojková páčka stříbrná dtto, šípovitý výfuk Arrow, extrémně přilnavá ťapka pedálu zadní brzdy (do smrti se jí nezbavíte), zadní tlumič pérování vod Öhlinzů (tento Švéd vysaje Vaše konto jako Dán), tankprotektor (lepí se na kalhoty, aby se nevošouopala nádrž), haupt-hlavní stojan, tankbag, vnitřní taška do topkejzu, vnitřní taška do bočních kufrůch, alarm - nedoporučujeme (za tisíc korun Vám ho rozmluvíme). Aktuální ceny dle kurzu koruna - šiling. Na dvorku už buď byly, nebo jsou, všechny barvy. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V 85 TT za 299900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 850 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 59.0 kW. AKCE! BONUS! Do konce roku originál příslušenství Moto Guzzi dle vlastního výběru za cca. 40 papouchů. Šedá myš, anóbrž GRIGIO TOPO, totále elegandza. Sociální levná verze, chudobka. Na hentu kozu je možno navěsit tuty cetky: boční kufry aluminium, boční kufry Urban, top case hliník, padáky motoru, plexi vyšší o 12 cm, ledový světla, multimedia platform na Váš placatej telefon, sedlo snížené, sedlo zvýšené, sedlo hemeroidiální komfort, nostalgický prcátka, kryt kardanu anóbrž pro techniky koncového převodu, brzdová páčka černá - 4 polohy, brzdová páčka stříbrná - 4 polohy, spojková páčka černá - poloha suchej tam, mokrej ven, spojková páčka stříbrná dtto, šípovitý výfuk Arrow, extrémně přilnavá ťapka pedálu zadní brzdy (do smrti se jí nezbavíte), zadní tlumič pérování vod Öhlinzů (tento Švéd vysaje Vaše konto jako Dán), tankprotektor (lepí se na kalhoty, aby se nevošouopala nádrž), haupt-hlavní stojan, tankbag, vnitřní taška do topkejzu, vnitřní taška do bočních kufrůch, alarm - nedoporučujeme (za tisíc korun Vám ho rozmluvíme). Aktuální ceny dle kurzu koruna - šiling. Na dvorku už buď byly, nebo jsou, všechny barvy. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V 85 TT za 299900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 850 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 59.0 kW. AKCE! BONUS! Do konce roku originál příslušenství Moto Guzzi dle vlastního výběru za cca. 40 papouchů. Rosso vulvano, anóbrž vulcano. I TT má své dny. Na nádrži schází jen srp a kladivo - na vlastní náklady dodáme do základního servisního nářadí. Na hentu kozu je možno navěsit tuty cetky: boční kufry aluminium, boční kufry Urban, top case hliník, padáky motoru, plexi vyšší o 12 cm, ledový světla, multimedia platform na Váš placatej telefon, sedlo snížené, sedlo zvýšené, sedlo hemeroidiální komfort, nostalgický prcátka, kryt kardanu anóbrž pro techniky koncového převodu, brzdová páčka černá - 4 polohy, brzdová páčka stříbrná - 4 polohy, spojková páčka černá - poloha suchej tam, mokrej ven, spojková páčka stříbrná dtto, šípovitý výfuk Arrow, extrémně přilnavá ťapka pedálu zadní brzdy (do smrti se jí nezbavíte), zadní tlumič pérování vod Öhlinzů (tento Švéd vysaje Vaše konto jako Dán), tankprotektor (lepí se na kalhoty, aby se nevošouopala nádrž), haupt-hlavní stojan, tankbag, vnitřní taška do topkejzu, vnitřní taška do bočních kufrůch, alarm - nedoporučujeme (za tisíc korun Vám ho rozmluvíme). Aktuální ceny dle kurzu koruna - šiling. Na dvorku už buď byly, nebo jsou, všechny barvy. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V 85 TT za 299900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 850 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 59.0 kW. AKCE! BONUS! Do konce roku originál příslušenství Moto Guzzi dle vlastního výběru za cca. 40 papouchů. Modrá je dobrá. Nafotili jsme i část originálního příslušenství, např.: přilba, enduro oblek, alu kufry + topcase, vnitřní tašky kufrů. Na hentu kozu je možno navěsit tuty cetky: boční kufry aluminium, boční kufry Urban, top case hliník, padáky motoru, plexi vyšší o 12 cm, ledový světla, multimedia platform na Váš placatej telefon, sedlo snížené, sedlo zvýšené, sedlo hemeroidiální komfort, nostalgický prcátka, kryt kardanu anóbrž pro techniky koncového převodu, brzdová páčka černá - 4 polohy, brzdová páčka stříbrná - 4 polohy, spojková páčka černá - poloha suchej tam, mokrej ven, spojková páčka stříbrná dtto, šípovitý výfuk Arrow, extrémně přilnavá ťapka pedálu zadní brzdy (do smrti se jí nezbavíte), zadní tlumič pérování vod Öhlinzů (tento Švéd vysaje Vaše konto jako Dán), tankprotektor (lepí se na kalhoty, aby se nevošouopala nádrž), haupt-hlavní stojan, tankbag, vnitřní taška do topkejzu, vnitřní taška do bočních kufrůch, alarm - nedoporučujeme (za tisíc korun Vám ho rozmluvíme). Aktuální ceny dle kurzu koruna - šiling. Na dvorku už buď byly, nebo jsou, všechny barvy. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi MGX-21 Flying Fortress za 549900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 1400 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 71.0 kW. Strašlivý Batman MGX 21, sen všech Harlejáků, akorát nemaj koule na to si ho koupit, páč by se ně jejich votřásňovaní kumpáni koukali skrz prsty v bezprstejch rukavicích. Je to pravej bagr (něco jako Caterpillar) s jednadvacítkou vepředu. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi California 1400 Touring SE za 459900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 1400 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 71.0 kW. Touring v plný palbě za nejnižší cenu, co kdy byl. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi California Eldorado za 419900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 1400 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 71.0 kW. Čtrnáctka na šestnáctipalcovejch drátech s originál americkejma bělobokejma pryžema (made in USA). Inu Eldorádo. Co by za něj jiná dala. Na tuhle Ameriku je hromada doplňků, drahejch doplňků, např. plexi, kufry, padáky, zrcátka, krytky, frtky. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi California Audace Carbon za 419900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 1400 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 71.0 kW. Čerstvej závoz Pekelníka. Ty zbytečný doplňky (jako zrcátka, zadní blinkry a držák SPZ) máme v krabici a jsou samozřejmě v ceně. Audace je již dnes kultovní mašina pro drsňáky. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V9 Bobber Sport za 279900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 850 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 40.5 kW. Sportovní Bobr na Öhlinsích v unikátní barvě. Sadu pro spolujezdce možno přikoupit. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V7 III Carbon za 235900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 750 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 38.0 kW. Nejvypiplanější V-sedma, karbonové díly jsou perfektně zpracovány, žádná Čína. Perfektní sedačka a perfektně červený ventilový víka a brzdič Brembo. Tuhle mašinu rozhodně nepotkáte na každým roughu. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V7 III Special za 229900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 750 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 38.0 kW. Tohle je ta krásná motorka, skoro jako Honda 750 CB. Drátěný kola (pro Valachy - špicové), chromovaný laufy, dva budíky, chromovaná trubice za prdelkou krásný spolujezdkyně, aby lépe cítila ty pozitivní vibrace. Líbezná klasická klasika. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V7 III Stone za 199900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 750 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 38.0 kW. Rolling Stones, STONE, šedý šutr, Franta Skála. Zatím skladem, ale na Stouna si brousí zuby náš hajnej, až uvidí to příplatkový lediódový světlo, tak se posere. A veverky taky. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V7 III Stone Night Pack (LED) za 225900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 750 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 38.0 kW. První a zatím asi jediný kousek v republice. "Štiplavá" modrá na fotkách vypadá poněkud vyblitá, ale na živáka je nyny. Žhavý zážitek z LEDového osvícení trochen ochladí pohled na cenovku. Nezdá se Vám cena? Užijte si vyžebrání si slevy a nenechte se znásilňovat druhořadými pseudomilovníky značky trapnými pokusy typu "doprava po celé východní Evropě zdarma" anebo "Sleva na pouze tento kousek (a možná i na další a další) pouze v našem čerstvě autorizovaném dealerství", abyste si pak nemuseli při vokusování běháku z kuřete v přilehlým KFC kůklit nejbližší funkční servis... Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi V7 III Rough za 229900 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 750 ccm. Nový motocykl.Výkon: 38.0 kW. Tak nám soudruzi v Mandellu vyvinuli tuhle zajímavou motorku, která dost klame tělem. Přestože je relativně levná, má drátový kola, hliníkový blatníky a kdyby se na ní dal vejfuk horem (alá Stornello), tak to by byla jízda. Dokonce i ty pneumatiky jsou Pirelli (přední made in China, zadní Brasil). Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi Sport 1200 za 126000 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 1200 ccm. vyrobeno: 2006. Výkon: 86.0 kW. Najeto: 47424 km. Dvouventilová dvanáctka, Sportka. Poslední dobou námi servisovaná, obouvaná, pěkná, dobrá, spolehlivá, s americkejma budíkama, jede rovně, zubatý koutouče nehážou, ale její mladej šofér se z ní dvakrát připosral, když něco někde přepálil a tak jde vo dva kvalty níž do hrubý V-sedmičky Rougha (z tý se posere určitě... ...nudou). Má hlavní stojan, má laďák (hologomace je možná ve štosu papírůch a návodůch ke stroji), má topík, má rajcovní (teda pro někoho...) frézovaný páčky a úchylný zlatý řídítka, který tam nejsou z důvodu bouračky, ale krásy. Originál díly jsou. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 26 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi Nevada 750 ie za 79999 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 750 ccm. vyrobeno: 2004. Výkon: 35.0 kW. Najeto: 40404 km. Námi prodaná jako nová (z A-spiritu) našemu kmenovému alkoholikovi Žák Claude Fandovi. Nebouraná, hlavní stojan, plégo, zvonek, padák, válec a nosič s opěrkou. Mašina je před údržbou. Má tu (v této době běžnou) vlastnost - trochen hlučnější převodovku. To na spolehlivost nemá vliv, klidně poskytneme Kozí záruku. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 25 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Moto Guzzi NTX 750 PA za 79960 Kč - novinka

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Objem: 750 ccm. vyrobeno: 1997. Výkon: 36.5 kW. Najeto: 35086 km. 750 NTX už v Itálii zlegalizovaná na dvoumístnou (proto ty příšerný stupačky spolujezdce). A spolujezdkyně musí mít opravdu odolné pysky, protože sedačka je jen futrál na vysílačku potaženej kůží z koženky. Navíc zcela výjimečně není tento kousek vykastrovaný. Má policajtský kompresorový houkačky. Kilometry nejsou levý, jsou pravý. S motorkou jsme byli mimo jiný na Ukrajině, žádný vokolo komína a hajdy domů. Prodáváme jen a pouze motocykly Moto Guzzi - nové, předváděcí i použité. Máme solidní sklad náhradních dílů jak nových, tak použitých. Zasíláme na dobírku. Moto Guzzi se věnujeme s maximálním nasazením již 25 let. www.prvnikozi.cz
          

Asteroid alert: A space rock taller than Pyramids is barreling towards Earth at 16,800mph - Express.co.uk

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  1. Asteroid alert: A space rock taller than Pyramids is barreling towards Earth at 16,800mph  Express.co.uk
  2. Doomsday awaits? NASA predicts the odds of two asteroids that are now headed toward earth  International Business Times, Singapore Edition
  3. Belfast's Prof Fitzsimmons calls for help from amateur astronomers  BBC News
  4. Asteroid warning: Expert predicts 'serious impact' is coming and we need better defences  Express.co.uk
  5. NASA Warns 75-Foot Asteroid Currently Headed For Earth  International Business Times
  6. View full coverage on Google News

          

Los hijos de Gernika se desvanecen

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Przygotowania do orbitalnej misji statku Starliner

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CST-100 Starliner firmy Boeing, jeden z dwóch komercyjnych statków stworzonych na potrzeby NASA, jest bliski swojej pierwszej wyprawy na orbitę. Zanim agencja dopuści go do lotów załogowych, musi najpierw odbyć testową misję do Międzynarodowej Stacji Kosmicznej. Start jeszcze w tym roku! Lot na orbitę 21 listopada zatankowany Starliner wyruszył z placówki Boeinga C3PF w Centrum […]
          

SpaceX i cztery nowe firmy dołączają do księżycowego programu NASA

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Grono firm mogących konkurować o kontrakty NASA na dostawy ładunków na powierzchnię Księżyca poszerzyło się o pięć nowych przedsiębiorstw. Jednym z nich jest SpaceX, który chce wykorzystać do tego zadania budowany przez siebie statek Starship. Sfinansowane przez agencję wyprawy dostarczą na Księżyc potrzebny sprzęt i przetrą drogę przed astronautami biorącymi udział w misjach Artemis.  Wybrane […]
          

Minerales del cráter Jezero

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Se ha añadido color para resaltar minerales en esta imagen del cráter Jezero en Marte, el posible sitio de aterrizaje para la misión Mars 2020 de la NASA. El color verde representa minerales llamados carbonatos, que son especialmente buenos para preservar la vida fosilizada en la Tierra. El rojo representa arena de olivino que se […]

La entrada Minerales del cráter Jezero aparece primero en Vega 0.0.


          

"Luchar por la igualdad y la educación es básico para la escuela. Luego está la sociedad"

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María José Cortés es la directora general del Servicio de Inclusión, Igualdad y Convivencia del Gobierno de Navarra y, entre otros proyectos, es responsable del programa de coeducación Skolae. María José Cortes tiende la mano a los redactores que se han marchado del programa para que vuelvan, habla de la importancia de adaptar los patios para favorecer la inclusión, y pide a los sectores críticos con Skolae que "conozcan el programa". Un proyecto transversal que recibe críticas, sobre todo, por su eje de "Sexualidad y malos tratos" y por algunas actividades de liderazgo, empoderamiento y participación social. Cortes recibe a este periódico en su despacho en Educación.

Ha sido un inicio de curso un tanto bronco por la polémica de si se va a aplicar o no en todos los colegios públicos. ¿Ha influido esto de algún modo en el departamento?

Ha sido duro. Empezar con una crítica sin conocer no ha sido sencillo. Desde el principio hemos apostado por Skolae, y hay que estar agradecidos a las personas que han hecho un buen trabajo porque el programa es impecable, y se ajusta perfectamente a lo que la Ley de Igualdad y la sociedad estamos necesitando. Ahora nos toca el reto de llevarlo adelante siguiendo los pasos que se marcaron el año pasado. Desde luego con variaciones porque hay campos a donde no se ha llegado y a donde hay que llegar. 

¿A qué campos no se ha llegado con el anterior proyecto?

En una reunión que tuve con Pilar [Mayo, exjefa de sección] a principios de septiembre, ella hablaba de llegar más a las familias, de la profundización en los distintos ejes que forma Skolae, del reto de adaptarlo a los centros de educación especial y desde luego, de la generalización al resto de los centros. Hay proyectos que se han empezado a impulsar y que se van a seguir, como es el tema de los patios, las brigadas escolares, la adaptación a las áreas de Secundaria... Todo eso que el año pasado se empezó a vislumbrar, este año se va a llevar adelante. Y luego, claro, ahora tenemos 55 centros más. Eso supone que la estructura de tutoras, de formación online, se está ampliando en una proporción geométrica. Hemos pasado de tener veinte tutoras a tener cerca de 50... Está siendo un reto lo que es la formación. En este momento estamos hablando de unos 2000 docentes formándose en el Eje 1.

Además de estos campos a los que no se había llegado, ¿qué otros aspectos del programa habría que cambiar para implantarlo en los centros?

En este momento el programa no se va a cambiar. Llevamos dos años, es muy poco tiempo para poder hablar de ello. Aún así, María José Díaz Aguado, de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, está haciendo una evaluación. Hemos tenido ya contacto con ellos y sí que para final de curso esperamos una evaluación de este pilotaje y esta pequeña implantación. Sobre el resto, las actividades son revisables, pero nos parece que no se han llevado tanto a la práctica como para poder ser modificables. Lo que sí se van a hacer es publicar en la página web del departamento. En el momento en que tengamos los permisos oportunos de todos los autores, se va a aportar ese material porque hay que tener transparencia y no tenemos nada que ocultar. 

Lleva poco al frente de este servicio, ¿cómo valora el trabajo que se está realizando?

Mira, estoy súper encantada con la capacidad de trabajo que tiene el propio negociado. Están haciendo un trabajo impecable y ahí estamos, con mucha ilusión, con mucha fuerza. El reto de montar la formación con componentes diferentes ha sido un trabajo arduo, pero estamos muy ilusionadas. Además, estamos teniendo una respuesta muy buena por parte de los centros. También ha habido reuniones con familias y les hemos pedido que confíen en la responsabilidad y en el buen hacer del profesorado y de los centros, y creo que podemos dar respuesta a todo ese tipo de dudas que había porque realmente lo importante es crecer en igualdad y que el objetivo de Skolae se cumpla, que nuestro alumnado sepa lo que es el vivir en igualdad, con equilibrio, respetándose mutuamente y que hagan un proyecto de vida diferente a lo que hemos desarrollado otras generaciones. Con un objetivo tan bien marcado, tan bonito y tan real, vamos a seguir en la misma línea. Eso no nos lo hemos cuestionado. Eso es así. 

Además del retraso inicial que hubo por el cambio de gobierno, los nombramientos, etc., ¿se han encontrado con alguna otra traba?

Pues la verdad es que el hecho de que los grandes formadores teóricos de Skolae nos dijeron que no continuaban en el proyecto -Marían Moreno, Miguel Ángel Arconada y Carmen Ruiz-, no nos facilitó el poder continuar. Pero también es cierto que hemos encontrado ponentes muy potentes a nivel de coeducación que nos han apoyado, que han estado ahí. Entonces, eso sí que es agradable. Yo he estado en los distintos campos de formación que me han tocado y he salido muy satisfecha. Hay que evaluarlo y revisarlo, pero por lo demás, no creo que hayamos tenido muchos más inconvenientes. Todo se basa en el trabajo y en el apostar por lo que creemos. Y luego, comenzamos a preparar el desarrollo de Skolae, la formación, el día 3 de septiembre porque al final del curso pasado se plantearon los centros que iban a entrar -que se publicó el 1 de agosto-, pero lo que era preparar la formación o no se tuvo tiempo o se tuvieron otras preocupaciones.

¿Ha tenido algún contacto con estos formadores después de su salida?

Cuando íbamos a empezar la formación les solicité que por favor se replanteasen colaborar con nosotros, que Skolae iba a ser el mismo programa. Me comentaron que no querían continuar. De todas formas, cuando nos conocimos personalmente Miguel Ángel y Carmen y yo, porque con Marían no he tenido el placer ni tan siquiera de hablar por teléfono porque su respuesta me la pasó por correo Miguel Ángel Arconada, cuando estuvimos en persona, les animé y les dejé la puerta abierta para que cuando quieran, estaremos encantados de que sigan trabajando con nosotros a favor de este programa que realmente es lo que vale.

Hablando de estos tres formadores, han sido llamados a declarar en ese proceso judicial abierto tras las denuncias de algunos colectivos. ¿Hay alguna novedad?

No sabemos absolutamente nada. Después de las declaraciones que tuvieron en octubre, ya no hemos tenido ningún tipo de respuesta. Parece que aquello se terminó allí, pero estamos esperando. Me imagino que si se hubiese comunicado algo, tanto Miguel Ángel como Carmen nos lo hubiesen comunicado.

Volviendo al programa. Hay tres "medidas innovadoras": trabajo en los patios y las brigadas, adaptación de fichas, y grupos de igualdad y formación en cascada. Empezamos hablando de los patios. ¿En qué va a consistir?

El tema es cómo crear patios más coeducativos. Todo el mundo sabemos qué dinámicas hay en las horas del recreo. Es uno de los espacios donde más se puede trabajar y potenciar la convivencia y la coeducación. ¿Qué tipo de actividades y juegos podemos hacer? ¿Cómo podemos dinamizar los patios? El objetivo principal es un patio coeducador, con una convivencia positiva y que nos enriquezca. Intentamos coordinar el programa Laguntza, que tiene un peso importante como convivencia, con el programa Skolae, que tiene un peso potente en coeducación. Los dos trabajan en la mejora de los patios y se van enfocando desde dos perspectivas distintas.

¿Qué características tiene que tener un patio para favorecer esa convivencia?

Te devuelvo la pregunta. ¿Tú qué ves en un patio escolar cuando te acercas a la escuela? Normalmente el grupo de chicos y chicas a los que no les gusta el fútbol están en un rincón. Sí que el panorama de los patios va cambiando. Vemos ya actividades de cuerda, de goma, de dibujo, de lo que llamábamos la china o la rayuela, de posibilidades de voleibol, de baloncesto, actividades de recuperación de juegos tradicionales. Antes parecía que saltar a la comba era de chicas. Todos hemos compartido el saltar a la comba entre chicos y chicas sin ningún problema, pero lo vamos perdiendo. Entonces, que haya actividades y momentos que nos haga compartir un espacio lúdico siendo personas.

¿Hay una respuesta positiva por parte de los centros?

Yo creo que sí. Hasta centros que no participan en Skolae, le están dando una vuelta importante a lo que es la dinámica de patios. Hay personas a las que les gusta el deporte, que no se les dejaba jugar y se les decía que este tipo de deportes es solo para chicos. Ahora ya vemos que eso no se va dando, pero tienen que creérselo, que si te gusta jugar, da igual que seas chico o chica, que aquí lo importante es que seamos personas. En cambio, al chico que no quería jugar al fútbol, se le relegaba cuando podía atraerle otro tipo de cosas. Hay cantidad de alternativas, por ejemplo, el organizar un día sin balón. Ya habíamos visto que había iniciativas en determinados centros, y ahora, con este apoyo desde la plataforma de Skolae, creo que va a ampliar las posibilidades.

En cuanto a la adaptación de fichas a Secundaria...¿Es más complicado adaptar estas fichas a adolescentes?

Respecto a las áreas, el profesorado de Secundaria está adaptando o introduciendo las actividades que ya plantea Skolae dentro de las distintas áreas. En estos cursos anteriores, la mayor parte de Skolae en los institutos se ha llevado en la hora de tutoría, y lo que nos interesa es que sea transversal, que esta generalización llegue a la mayoría de las áreas. Igual es que soy muy optimista, pero yo creo que el alumnado es muy inteligente y muy crítico. Es un tema que saben que es problemático, que saben que les va a afectar en su propia vida. Además, las actividades de Skolae dan muchas posibilidades en las distintas áreas. Muchísimas. Por ejemplo, cuando yo analizo qué tipo de tareas realizamos en casa. ¿Por qué no trabajarlos desde la estadística de matemáticas? Son actividades con muchas respuestas y tienen pautas clarísimas, que es lo que más me ha gustado de estas fichas. Creo que ahí se ha hecho un trabajo muy bueno. Hay actividades como el empoderamiento de la mujer a lo largo de la historia, ¿por qué no en Sociales? ¿Dónde están esas mujeres tan desconocidas? Porque si vemos el libro de Historia parece que no estamos. O que hagan un listado de pintoras y músicas. Entonces tú puedes plantear un reto de este tipo en cualquier aula de adolescentes y al alumnado le encanta. Es un campo motivante.

¿Quién está aceptando mejor estas actividades, mujeres u hombres?

Hay de todo. Yo creo que hay chicos que son muy conscientes y luchadores, y hay chicas que no les queda bien. Ten en cuenta que la familia es un pilar fundamental. Si en mi casa no se lo creen, yo voy a tener una educación diferente. Si se lo creen y apuestan por ello, pues seguramente tendrá una visión distinta. La escuela tiene que seguir la ley. En la escuela esto no es cuestionable. Nosotros tenemos unas leyes que tenemos que seguir y luchar por la igualdad y la educación es básico. Y luego está la sociedad.

Es sabido que hay chicas y chicos muy jóvenes, con 13 o 14 años, que ya se han iniciado en el sexo y no tienen ningún tipo de información. En este sentido, y además de las fichas, ¿planteáis el impartir charlas?

Ahí entran los brigadas de juventud. Son un poco como los agentes socializadores. Estamos empezando con ello. Son grupos de jóvenes que ahora se están formando con el objetivo de participar en lo que puede ser la vida social del barrio, del pueblo. Intervienen en colectivos ajenos al centro y dinamizan todo lo que es el mundo social. Sería el sacar a la calle lo que se ha aprendido en el colegio y convertirse en un agente educador en la calle. Ese sería un poco el objetivo de este tipo de brigadas o taldes. Hay institutos donde ya están formando a estos voluntarios.

Sobre los grupos de igualdad y formación en cascada, ¿dónde se enmarcan?

Vienen en la línea de acompañar a los grupos impulsores. En cada centro hay un responsable de coeducación y un grupo impulsor, que es el que analiza las características de cada centro y plantea un plan de igualdad. A partir de este plan, el grupo impulsor necesita a alguien responsable de que las actividades del programa Skolae vayan generalizándose en los distintos centros y también formando parte del día a día. Esa formación en cascada venía de ahí. Ese acompañar a ese grupo impulsor, ser un referente en cada centro y para las personas que lo van trabajando. Yo me lo imagino como ese tronco de árbol del cual salen las ramas pero que se apoyan en el suelo. Pues a eso se refiere la formación en cascada, no a a este otro aspecto de me he formado yo y yo te formo a ti. Es más un nos apoyamos mutuamente en actividades que se hacen de cotutorización o en docencia compartida. Si yo soy la especialista y tú te estás formando, trabajando juntas, vamos a perfeccionar los dos. 

Hay un sector de la población especialmente crítico con este programa. ¿Cómo se puede mejorar la difusión de este programa para hacerlo llegar a esas familias? ¿Qué se podría corregir?

Yo me he entrevistado con algunos de estos grupos y ellos me plantearon el conocer las fichas. Con su publicación en la página web, cumplimos ese objetivo. Yo a estos grupos les pediría su confianza en el profesorado que lleva adelante estas fichas. Cuando una familia escoge un determinado centro para que sus hijos se eduquen, indica que les gusta el proyecto educativo que tiene este centro, que confían en su profesorado. Entonces yo les solicitaría que sigan confiando. Yo cuando planteo una actividad para mi grupo, conozco al grupo, a las familias, e intento llegar a ellas de la mejor manera posible porque a nadie nos gusta tener conflictos. Cuando las familias cuestionan y se preguntan el porqué de este tipo de actividades, por qué no otras..., pues creo que realmente nos estamos cerrando a dos o tres actividades, o cinco o seis, pero que realmente el programa en sí, el programa de forma general, cumple perfectamente las pautas que nos da la Ley de Igualdad y que es a donde tenemos que llegar. Yo sí les pediría que en vez de ver la parte más superficial, como puede ser un título, que confíen en que el desarrollo de esas actividades se van a llevar de manera adecuada porque los profesionales de la Educación lo van a hacer así.

¿Han mostrado en esas reuniones su oposición o su desagrado hacia alguna de estas fichas en concreto? ¿Hay algún tema que consideren inapropiado?

Hombre, pues desde lo que son los juegos...., aunque tampoco hemos hablado de fichas específicas. Yo creo que va más encaminado a que no están de acuerdo con determinadas líneas del programa.

¿A qué línea en concreto se oponen?

Por ejemplo, el eje cuarto [sexualidad y buen trato] es al que más pegas se le pueden ver, el tema del empoderamiento... Yo creo que se ve que el empoderamiento de la mujer hace perder al hombre, cuando no es cierto. Estamos hablando de crecer en igualdad, de creer en que la igualdad es posible. También se comentaron actividades de liderazgo, empoderamiento y participación social. Han sido los dos campos que más han comentado.

¿Qué objeciones se plantean en estos temas?

Pues no lo sé, no lo han transmitido en la reunión.

¿Puede que únicamente haya argumentos políticos detrás?

No lo sé. Políticos, morales, religiosos, culturales. Me parece que el respeto es uno de los valores básicos y yo respeto muchísimo lo que opinan, pero también creo que el respeto tiene que ser mutuo. Entonces, ante un programa que nos marca un ente superior, como puede ser la ley, si esa ley nos habla de igualdad, tendremos que trabajar para que se vea; y en este momento este programa es el que nos puede dar la respuesta.

La valoración de los profesores al final del último curso fue superior al 8. La del alumnado fue positiva. Poco a poco parece que hay más familias que lo van conociendo y no muestran su desagrado. Sin embargo, hace unas semanas, el alcalde de Pamplona, Enrique Maya, en una entrevista en este periódico, aseguró que nunca llevaría a su nieto a Skolae. ¿Por qué siguen estas objeciones? ¿Qué le puede responder?

Que conozca el programa. Mira, cuando empezó a venir en la prensa, una de las compañeras de un colegio cercano, en una reunión que tuvimos, me dijo que ellos habían sido uno de los centros piloto, que era un buen programa, que se podía adaptar y dar respuesta a una demanda que necesitamos. Y ya no lo cuestioné más. Ahora que lo conozco, que voy leyendo, que la base teórica es conocida, que las actividades las voy conociendo poco a poco... Pues la verdad es que digo, vamos a conocerlo bien, tenemos que saber que es un programa que seguramente sufrirá cambios por las adaptaciones a las áreas, tendremos que ver qué fichas potencia más y piensa que le merece más la pena al alumnado. Vamos a ver cómo podemos adaptarlo a los entornos rurales con colegios muy pequeños o los de educación especial, recoger las opiniones de las familias... Todo eso puede llevar a pequeños cambios, pero no podemos tirar algo sin tan siquiera conocerlo en profundidad y haberlo desarrollado con un margen de tiempo importante.

En ese camino hacia la escuela inclusiva, además de Skolae, ¿qué falta?

Creer. Yo creo que la escuela será inclusiva desde el momento en que todos y todas seamos capaces de llevar adelante un proyecto en el cual hablemos de inclusión real, no integración ni compañía. Inclusión real es hablar de tres palabras básicas: presencia, hay que estar dentro del aula, de ahí que se valoren mucho los apoyos dentro del aula, las aulas alternativas dentro de los institutos... Eso por un lado. Por otro, participación. Una persona que está dentro de un grupo y no toma parte de él, en ningún momento está incluido. Y por último, el reto educativo. Y ese es uno de los campos en los cuales los cambios metodológicos, el desarrollo de otro tipo de proyectos, Skolae, Laguntza... Todo eso es donde tiene cabida. El proyecto de inclusión, con un proyecto muy potente que es "Por educar - Osagarri", creo que nos puede abrir la puerta a conjugar en futuro una escuela en la que todo el alumnado, sin diferencias de sexo, cultura, religión, procedencia o características tenga un lugar. Y ese sería el objetivo que a mí me gustaría desarrollar a lo largo del tiempo que yo esté en esta dirección de servicio porque creo en él. A mí me ilusiona muchísimo. Creo que todo el mundo enriquece, que las diferencias, del tipo que sean, nos hacen ver el mundo mucho más real, y que si crezco en compañía de alguien distinto, soy mejor persona.


          

Boeing dołączył do walki o kontrakt na księżycowy lądownik

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Lądownik Boeinga wynoszony w kosmos przez rakietę SLS, źródło: BoeingBoeing przedłożył NASA propozycję księżycowego lądownika dla programu Artemis, który można by wynieść w kosmos w całości za pomocą rakiety Space Launch System. Koncepcja ta nie pasuje jednak do obecnie realizowanego planu agencji i pytanie, czy tym działaniem firma chce wymusić na niej zmianę podejścia? Propozycja “Fewest Steps to the Moon” (z ang. Jak najmniej […]
          

Grim Leftovers Podcast Blog – 2019-11-25 – #Apocalypse #EPA #LimitScience #Unconstitutional #GunPermit

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Today's Show Topics: ° 'Unnoticed Apocalypse': Dying Insects Put Humankind's Existence at Risk ° EPA Still Moving To Limit Science Used To Support Regulations ° Federal Court Rules Suspicionless Searches of Traveler's Phones and Laptops Unconstitutional ° Bolivian Coup Paves the Way for US Offensives Within Latin America ° The War Against E-Cigarettes Is Profoundly Wrong ° NASA Detects Oxygen Changes On Mars It’s 'Struggling To Explain' ° New Legislation Will Throw People in Jail for Disrespecting Cops ° Social Services Worker Fired, Escorted Out by Cops for Having a Gun Permit—NOT a GUN ° Cannabis Does NOT Help People Quit Opioids, Study Claims
          

"A Look to the Heavens"

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“Like delicate cosmic petals, these clouds of interstellar dust and gas have blossomed 1,300 light-years away in the fertile star fields of the constellation Cepheus. Sometimes called the Iris Nebula and dutifully cataloged as NGC 7023 this is not the only nebula in the sky to evoke the imagery of flowers. Still, this remarkable image shows off the Iris Nebula's range of colors and symmetries in impressive detail. Within the Iris, dusty nebular material surrounds a hot, young star. 
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The dominant color of the brighter reflection nebula is blue, characteristic of dust grains reflecting starlight. Central filaments of the dusty clouds glow with a faint reddish photoluminesence as some dust grains effectively convert the star's invisible ultraviolet radiation to visible red light. Infrared observations indicate that this nebula may contain complex carbon molecules known as PAHs. The bright blue portion of the Iris Nebula is about six light-years across.”

          

"A Look to the Heavens"

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“This telescopic close-up shows off the otherwise faint emission nebula IC 410. It also features two remarkable inhabitants of the cosmic pond of gas and dust below and right of center, the tadpoles of IC 410. Partly obscured by foreground dust, the nebula itself surrounds NGC 1893, a young galactic cluster of stars. Formed in the interstellar cloud a mere 4 million years ago, the intensely hot, bright cluster stars energize the glowing gas. 
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Composed of denser cooler gas and dust, the tadpoles are around 10 light-years long and are likely sites of ongoing star formation. Sculpted by winds and radiation from the cluster stars, their heads are outlined by bright ridges of ionized gas while their tails trail away from the cluster's central region. IC 410 lies some 10,000 light-years away, toward the nebula-rich constellation Auriga.”

          

Mold in housing in Baltimore City

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On November 12, the Baltimore City Council held an informational hearing about mold in housing in Baltimore City. Council members heard from city agencies, housing activists, and community residents about the negative health impacts that mold can cause, particularly to people already dealing with health problems, and programs to address mold problems in public housing, rental units, and private homes. As the City Council wrote in its call for the hearing,

Mold is a health danger to many vulnerable populations. It grows where there is moisture; walls, ceilings, carpets, tile, or furniture can all be good environments for mold. Mold allergies manifest themselves through watery eyes, nasal stuffiness, throat irritation, coughing, headaches, and difficulty breathing. People that are immune compromised or have chronic lung illness can get serious lung infections from mold exposure. The Institute of Medicine has found sufficient evidence to link indoor exposure to mold to upper respiratory tract symptoms, coughs, and wheezing in otherwise healthy people, and to asthma symptoms in people with asthma. Many children in Baltimore suffer from asthma, and their health is particularly at risk if they are exposed to mold in their homes. The Baltimore City Council is interested in learning about mold in housing and how we can protect our citizens from its dangers. 

Written reports from city agencies about mold in housing can be downloaded here

Because of the link between mold and asthma, we wrote to the City Council to bring attention to a recent report by our allies at the Environmental Integrity Project: "Asthma and Air Pollution in Baltimore City." (PDF)

 

Dear Baltimore City Council Housing and Urban Affairs Committee,

Clean Water Action is a national environmental advocacy organization with over 11,000 members in Baltimore City. We work for swimmable, fishable waters in Maryland, for safe drinking water, and for environmentally safe and healthy communities. Conditions within people’s homes have an enormous impact on public health and on many individual health conditions, and so we thank you for holding the Informational Hearing about Mold in Housing called for in Council Bill 19-0148R.

I am writing to call your attention to a recent study by our allies at the Environmental Integrity Project that may be useful in analyzing the current and future public health impacts of mold, and how they fall on different geographic areas and demographic populations in the city in unequal ways. In December 2017, EIP issued a report, attached, on asthma and air pollution in Baltimore City that analyzed a recently released set of zip-code level data on asthma hospitalizations and asthma emergency room visits.  While the focus of the report was on air pollution as an asthma trigger, the authors acknowledged in several places that many factors can act as asthma triggers, including mold. (See page 3 of the attached report.)

EIP analyzed the correlation between extreme asthma events in Baltimore and seven demographic markers of poverty.  Table 5, copied below, shows the correlation between each demographic category and asthma rates. Correlation coefficients are interpreted as showing stronger correlation the closer that they are to -1 or 1, and weaker correlation the closer that they are to 0.

The table shows that rates of asthma events are very strongly correlated with measures of poverty in Baltimore, particularly median household income and % of population using Medicaid.  Although EIP is not a group that specializes in housing or poverty issues, it is worth noting that the report’s authors concluded that: “[m]easures of poverty are strongly correlated with rates of acute asthma events in Baltimore, meaning that it is likely a combination of factors – including poor housing conditions and lack of access to preventative care – that is driving the high hospitalization and emergency room visit rates in Baltimore.” (See pages 45-46 of the attached report.)

Factors like mold in housing that are known to contribute to asthma and other respiratory conditions deserve increased attention as the city considers public health interventions, particularly given the disparate impact that asthma has on people in poverty. Geographically, these impacts fall along familiar lines in Baltimore City, with significantly higher incidents of asthma found in historically-redlined areas of East and West Baltimore, as evidenced by the above figure. (See page 15 of the attached report.) Further actions should be taken by the Council to investigate how city policy might be changed to improve asthma outcomes in these areas, particularly regarding improving housing conditions.

I also want to bring attention to one of the recommendations for further investigation that the City Council may be able to help move forward:

4. The Maryland Department of Health Should Make Asthma Data Available by Community Statistical Area for Baltimore City.

EIP is extremely appreciative of the time and resources that the Maryland Department of Health has expended in making available the zip code level asthma data discussed in this report. We are also very grateful to officials within the [Maryland] Department of Health for taking the time to provide helpful input in responses to questions that we have raised about the data as we wrote this report. However, there is a way in which the asthma data could be made even more helpful to residents of Baltimore City. The Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance (“BNIA)” tracks poverty and a number of other factors in the city at the level of community statistical areas, which are clusters of census tracts, and issues annual reports on this data called Vital Signs reports. If possible without violating privacy requirements, the Maryland Department of Health should make asthma data available at this level for Baltimore City. This data would allow a direct comparison with many of the factors tracked by BNIA, such as measures of poverty and also other measures relating to health and quality of life, including housing.  Being able to make a direct statistical correlation would assist in identifying the factors that are most contributing to the high asthma rates in Baltimore and could potentially identify any that might affect certain neighborhoods. (See pages 48-49 of the attached report.)

Encouraging the Maryland Department of Health to make this data set available to public interest organizations would be an extremely valuable way for the Baltimore City Council to improve public knowledge about the factors that may be exacerbating asthma trends, and how these trends may be correlated with housing stock and the prevalence of toxic mold.

As climate change threatens to bring more and more intense rainstorms to the mid-Atlantic region, and as our housing stock, stormwater infrastructure, and sewage infrastructure continues to age, it is important to consider what measures Baltimore City can take to reduce the factors that lead to mold growth in housing, and therefore reduce asthma triggers experienced daily by Baltimore residents. Please continue to push for improved housing stock, renovation, deconstruction, and high-quality affordable housing to improve public health.

Thank you,

Jennifer Kunze

Maryland Program Manager

Clean Water Action


          

Ziemasssvētku vecīšu labdarības skrējienā vāks līdzekļus slimnīcās esošu bērnu iepriecināšanai

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Svētdien, 8. decembrī, Rīgā norisināsies jau par tradīciju kļuvušais Ziemassvētku vecīšu labdarības skrējiens "Santa Fun Run". Šogad pasākuma mērķis ir palīdzēt bērniem Latvijas slimnīcās ātrāk izveseļoties.
          

Tras 42 días, Piñera no cambia su discurso: “Estamos frente a un enemigo poderoso e implacable”

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Tras 42 días, Piñera no cambia su discurso: “Estamos frente a un enemigo poderoso e implacable”
Sebastián Piñera, Presidente de Chile.
Zamora Vie, 29/11/2019 - 11:34
El Desconcierto

Durante la ceremonia de egreso anticipado de funcionarios de la PDI, el mandatario señaló que "la legislación que tenemos para combatir a los encapuchados, a los saqueadores, a los vándalos, a los que hacen barricadas, no es suficiente", abogando por la necesidad de "leyes más severas".

Este jueves, durante una ceremonia de graduación anticipada de 260 nuevos detectives de la Policía de Investigaciones (PDI), el presidente Sebastián Piñera reiteró que estamos ante un “enemigo poderoso e implacable”, tal como aseguró en el polémico discurso donde indicó que el país estaba en “guerra”.

En el acto, el mandatario aseguró que actualmente estamos enfrentando a “un enemigo que actúa con una planificación profesional y con una maldad sin límites”.

Y además planteó que “estamos viviendo tiempos muy difíciles y, por eso, la sociedad chilena necesita más que nunca los servicios de nuestras Fuerzas de Orden y Seguridad, la Policía de Investigaciones y Carabineros de Chile”.

“Aquí no hay que dar espacio ni a la tibieza ni la ambigüedad ni mucho menos a la debilidad; estamos enfrentando a un enemigo poderoso e implacable que no respeta a nada ni a nadie, que no respeta la vida de los seres humanos, que no respeta a nuestros héroes como lo vimos con la degradación y ofensa a la estatua de Arturo Prat, que no respeta nuestras infraestructuras más básicas y que sirven a millones de chilenos como el Metro o como nuestros hospitales”, insistió.

Asimismo, el Presidente señaló que “la legislación que tenemos hoy día para combatir a los encapuchados, a los saqueadores, a los vándalos, a los que hacen barricadas, no es suficiente”, reiterando la necesidad de “leyes más severas” y de reforzar “los instrumentos para que nuestras Fuerzas de Orden y Seguridad puedan proteger mejor a nuestra sociedad”.

Igualmente, Piñera manifestó la necesidad de “contar con la colaboración de nuestras Fuerzas Armadas para proteger lugares críticos (sin decretar Estado de Emergencia), como las fuentes de electricidad, las líneas de transmisión, las estaciones y subestaciones, el aprovisionamiento de agua potable, las telecomunicaciones y hospitales, por dar sólo algunos ejemplos”.

Al final de la actividad, el mandatario alentó a los efectivos que se graduaron de forma anticipada, señalando que “salen ustedes a desempeñar sus labores en un momento en que quizás la patria los necesita más que nunca”. En esa línea, los llamó a combatir “esa delincuencia sin límite que también involucra el narcotráfico, movimientos anárquicos y muchos otros, y siempre y en todo momento tienen que hacerlo dentro del marco de la ley, dentro del marco del respeto a los Derechos Humanos de todas las personas”.

Fuente
https://www.eldesconcierto.cl

          

I Am Hip Hop 100

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datpiff.com - 1 Intro I Am Hip Hop 100 5:12 2 D Smoke I Am Hip Hop 100 2:31 3 Travis Scott I Am Hip Hop 100 4:57 4 Drake I Am Hip Hop vol 100 4:14 5 Kanye I Am Hip Hop vol.100 3:23 6 HD I Am Hip Hop 100 4:17 7 Nas…


Tweeted by @DJJAZZREALTRAP https://twitter.com/DJJAZZREALTRAP/status/1201005038832963584
          

Untempted by the Consequences

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“The women are up to something in Convocation,” the dons of St. John’s College, Oxford, were warned. “We have to go and vote them down.”

The women at issue were led by a young philosopher named G.E.M. (Elizabeth) Anscombe, who was then a tutor at Somerville, one of the oldest women’s colleges at the University of Oxford. Anscombe had come to Somerville in 1946 on a research fellowship. At that time she was a student of Ludwig Wittgenstein, who entrusted her with the translation of his Philosophical Investigations, which appeared in 1953, two years after his death. Now, in 1956, Anscombe was opposing the university’s decision to grant an honorary degree to former U.S. President Harry Truman.

Speaking on the floor of Convocation to her colleagues on May 1, 1956, Anscombe said that her opposition to granting Truman’s degree was based on his responsibility for dropping the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. “If you do give this honor,” she asked, “what Nero, what Genghis Khan, what Hitler, or what Stalin will not be honored in the future?” In response, a representative of the Hebdomadal Council, then the university’s chief executive body, argued that Anscombe had overstated Truman’s responsibility. “A great many people were involved in the responsibility of the manufacture and delivery of the bomb,” he told the faculty, “and we cannot select one man as being solely responsible, even if his was the signature at the bottom of the order for the bomb to be dropped.”

Anscombe’s cause was doomed to fail. Reports in the Manchester Guardian and the Times of London claimed that no other faculty echoed her dissenting vote, though subsequent reports indicate that three or four had joined her—and Anscombe later dedicated the pamphlet “Mr. Truman’s Degree,” in which she explained the rationale for her opposition, “with respect, but without permission, to the others who said ‘Non placet.’” In the speech she gave to her colleagues on the day of the vote, she acknowledged that these voices were not going to prevail, saying that she had “no ambition or hope to carry the House with me in this, but my hope is that this honorary degree will not be offered without opposition being expressed.”

Truman received his degree at the university’s Encaenia ceremony on June 20, 1956. In a speech awarding the degree, the Chancellor praised him as “most staunch of allies, direct in your speech and in your writings, and ever a pattern of simple courage.” Anscombe, who had concluded her pamphlet with the warning that she herself “should fear to go” to Encaenia “in case God’s patience suddenly ends,” had kept away from the ceremony, telling the Guardian that she “would spend the day working as usual.”

 

The influence of Wittgenstein on Anscombe’s philosophical writing is immense, in both substance and style.

The protest against Truman was hardly Elizabeth Anscombe’s first foray into public controversy. As an undergraduate in 1939, just a year after entering the Catholic Church under the tutelage of the Dominican friars at Oxford, Anscombe and her friend Norman Daniel published a pamphlet titled “The Justice of the Present War Examined: A criticism based on traditional Catholic principles and on natural reason.” It presented “the results achieved in a series of open discussions held at Oxford both before and after” Britain’s declaration of war against Nazi Germany in September of that year. Anscombe and Daniel concluded that the war against Germany was unjust, partly because it would involve the deliberate massacre of civilian populations.

“We have it,” they wrote, following Thomas Aquinas, “that no one may be deliberately attacked in war, unless his actions constitute an attack on the rights which are being defended or restored. To deny this will be to assert that we may attack any one anywhere, whose life in any way hinders the prosecution of the war, or in any way assists our enemies; and such a conclusion is as immoral as to be a reductio ad absurdum in itself.”

Anscombe and Daniel’s pamphlet did not receive anything like the attention of her protest against Truman seventeen years later, which was picked up by the Associated Press and covered in newspapers across the United States and other parts of the world. (A report from Reuters, under the headline “WOMAN DON FAILS TO HALT TRUMAN DEGREE TO OXFORD,” mistakenly gave her first name as “Gladys” rather than “Gertrude.”) The pamphlet did, however, make enough of an impact that in 1940 the Archbishop of Birmingham wrote to a priest at Oxford complaining that Anscombe and Daniel had it “printed and brought out without submitting it to ecclesiastical authority,” and inquiring as to whether they were “deliberately taking a line opposed to that of the hierarchy of this country.”

Despite the need for some sort of military action against Nazi Germany, Anscombe and Daniel were clearly right on two very important points. First, the war that Britain actually waged against the Axis Powers did involve attacks that were targeted directly at civilian populations and, second, a war carried out by such means does violate a central principle of the church’s just-war teaching. It is possible that the war could have been fought without deploying these tactics, and it might have been just if it had been. But Anscombe and Daniel were correct in predicting that it would not be waged in that way. Acknowledging that “to some their arguments may seem temerarious,” they aimed in their pamphlet “to make the Christian tradition clear, to examine the mind of the Church in a rational and scientific manner.”

While Anscombe and Daniel’s 1939 pamphlet was addressed exclusively to fellow Catholics and Christians, Anscombe’s protest of 1956 had a quite different audience. Indeed, in writing her pamphlet “Mr. Truman’s Degree,” Anscombe saw that many of her Oxford colleagues were prepared to accept a conclusion that she and Daniel had presented as a reductio ad absurdum. These philosophers endorsed a doctrine that Anscombe came to call consequentialism, according to which there are no kinds of action—such as murder, rape, torture, and adultery, for example—that any person is prohibited from doing regardless of the situation he or she is in. According to this doctrine it can be right to “attack any one anywhere,” as long as the balance of the consequences speaks strongly enough in favor of it. Faced with a group that found this conclusion acceptable, Anscombe needed to try a different tack.

 

It was as an Oxford undergraduate that Anscombe met her husband, a fellow Catholic convert named Peter Geach, at a Corpus Christi procession in 1938. They married three years later, and during the first few years of marriage they lived apart from one another. Geach worked in a pine forest as a conscientious objector to World War II while Anscombe studied at Oxford and Cambridge. During this time they had two children—the first of seven they would have together, despite often working at universities in separate cities.

Anscombe became a student of Ludwig Wittgenstein shortly after arriving at Cambridge on a research fellowship in 1942, during which time Geach was engaged in forestry work. Wittgenstein was by then a major figure in the world of philosophy, having published his influential Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus two decades earlier. Many students at Cambridge were extremely devoted to him. The Oxford philosopher Gilbert Ryle would later describe the reverential atmosphere at Wittgenstein’s lectures as “pedagogically disastrous for the students and unhealthy for Wittgenstein himself.” But Anscombe’s own view of this dynamic was quite different. In her remembrances of Wittgenstein, she described the attention he would pay to his students as he helped them work through philosophical questions. “Wittgenstein very often seemed to understand one’s philosophical thought and problems better than one did oneself,” she wrote. “One would say what one thought—then he would amplify it, make it seem more convincing, carry it deeper—and then undo it.”

As a teacher Wittgenstein was notoriously unaccommodating for female students, but he quickly took a liking to Anscombe and would refer to her, affectionately, as “old man.” In his biography of Wittgenstein, The Duty of Genius, Ray Monk writes that on one occasion, when Wittgenstein found that there were no other women students remaining at his lecture, he turned to Anscombe and said, “Thank God we’ve got rid of the women!” A letter that he wrote in 1945 in support of Anscombe’s application for a research fellowship characterized her as “undoubtedly, the most talented female student I have had since 1930, when I began to lecture; and among my male students only eight, or ten have surpassed her.” It was not long before Anscombe would surpass those eight or ten as well.

The influence of Wittgenstein on Anscombe’s philosophical writing is immense, in both substance and style. Both of them attend closely to ordinary speech and other forms of human expression and interaction, and reject the demand that philosophy deliver a theory to resolve the questions that we face. While Anscombe presented arguments for straightforward conclusions in many of her philosophical writings, this was always in a way that gave intense consideration to conceptual difficulties and counterarguments. Meanwhile, others of her writings are like Wittgenstein’s in that they deliver no thesis at all but rather take up a question and simply attack it from all sides. In her remembrances of Wittgenstein, Anscombe wrote that he once reproached her for the tendency they both shared to get stuck in philosophical problems. “You know,” he told her, “you strike me as like a person who is walking along a road and comes to a lamp post which is in his way. And [this person] says: ‘There’s a lamp post. I can’t go on.’ It doesn’t occur to you to walk around the lamp post—I have a prejudice, which is that problems are insoluble.”

Wittgenstein could be critical of Anscombe’s written work to a degree that most academics today could barely imagine. Her notebooks recall how, of some of her writing, “he said, ‘Bought for a farthing’ and ‘Shit on the floor’—though the way he put this latter to me was ‘Not house-trained.’” Her husband Peter Geach once told her that having Wittgenstein come to stay with them “was like having a young atom bomb in the house.” Yet Anscombe also wrote of how “kind and considerate” Wittgenstein was, always prepared to help and advise even when this meant interrupting his work, and of how he “hated meanness” and was not “carelessly amiable or carelessly generous.” (Upon discovering once that Anscombe had no wastepaper basket at her lodging in Oxford, Wittgenstein said “You are a writer, you have to have a wastepaper basket”—and he took her out to buy one.) And she also expressed a wish to capture better in her remembrances of her teacher “how funny he could be—but it is possible that the jokes which came often in his lectures and his talks were just for the moment.”

Anscombe’s attitude toward religious topics stood in stark contrast to Wittgenstein’s. While she was a convert to Catholicism whose earliest encounter with philosophy came in an attempt to formalize a proof of God’s existence, Wittgenstein was raised in a Catholic household but had decided around the age of nine that, as Anscombe put it, “the Christian religion (that Catholic one which they were taught) was all a rubble.” Though some of Wittgenstein’s unpublished remarks from the 1930s show him expressing an openness to Christianity, he is reported to have said, in reference to Anscombe and another Catholic student of his, Yorick Smythies, that “I could not possibly bring myself to believe all the things they believe.” In his posthumous work On Certainty, Wittgenstein described this kind of clash between irreconcilable attitudes as one in which two worldviews are so totally opposed that there is no way to give reasons that can be engaged by the other side. The discovery of having been wrong to such an extent would be such that “the foundation of all judging would be taken away from me.”

Despite all this, at one point in 1950 Wittgenstein asked Anscombe to put him in touch with a “non-philosophical” priest, wishing as Ray Monk puts it “to talk to [the] priest as a priest” rather than “to discuss philosophical problems.” While the priest took this as part of an attempt by Wittgenstein to return to his childhood Catholicism, Anscombe herself reportedly doubted this. There were, however, arrangements made by this priest for Wittgenstein to live the life of a brother in a Dominican priory—a plan that had to be abandoned due to his bad health. When Wittgenstein died in 1951 Anscombe was one of a small group at his side that included Yorick Smythies, who brought with him the priest Wittgenstein had met. It was agreed that, since Wittgenstein had expressed hope that his Catholic friends would pray for him, this priest should be allowed to administer last rites.

Wittgenstein was given a Catholic burial the next morning—a decision that was, as Monk argues, surely improper given his professed lack of faith, even as it reflected the religious intensity with which Wittgenstein had lived.

 

Anscombe’s Intention is an extraordinarily dense and difficult book, even by the standards of contemporary philosophy.

After her contribution to the pamphlet with Norman Daniel, the earliest of Anscombe’s published writings is from 1948, based on a debate she had with C. S. Lewis, who was then a fellow at Magdalen College, Oxford. The debate took place in Oxford’s Socratic Club, and concerned the third chapter of Lewis’s book Miracles, which argues that human thought cannot be relied on “if it can be fully explained as the result of irrational causes.” This argument was supposed to show that the only way to have a reasonable belief in the reliability of human reason is to believe in a supernatural God.

Anscombe criticized Lewis’s argument, claiming that it was based “on a confusion between the concepts of cause and reason.” In evaluating, for example, the quality of the argument in a piece of writing, our concern with whether it expresses good reasoning is not about “the circumstances of its production,” but rather about whether the evidence it offers is sufficient to prove its conclusion. She also argued that the term “explanation” can encompass many different things, and that a causal explanation of human thought and behavior in terms of regular patterns in the universe would not preclude there also being explanations in terms of the reasons why people act and believe as they do. Both of these arguments likely had their roots in Anscombe’s interactions with Wittgenstein, as they mirrored ideas that were central to his Philosophical Investigations, and that Anscombe would develop in her own work of the following decade.

There was for some time a lot of controversy over how Lewis was affected by this episode. Anscombe wrote to Wittgenstein the day after the debate that Lewis had been “much more decent in discussion than I expected, though he was glib and played all sorts of tricks to obscure the issue.” She did add, however, that during the discussion the secretary of the club “started going for Lewis, who had said something about having written the book ‘at a fairly popular level’—he [the secretary] reproached him almost in moral terms, that one should not, for the sake of popularizing, put up a bad argument.” While several of Lewis’s biographers claimed that the debate humiliated him and was the end of his career as a public intellectual, Anscombe later wrote that those who knew Lewis reported no such thing at the time, and noted that Lewis revised the argument of that chapter for the second edition of Miracles, presenting it in a way that she found more appropriate “to the actual depth and difficulty of the question being discussed.”

 

The closing paragraphs of Anscombe’s pamphlet “Mr. Truman’s Degree” raised the question of “why so many Oxford people are willing to flatter” a man who had approved the massacre of entire cities. “I get some small light on this subject,” Anscombe wrote, “when I consider the productions of Oxford moral philosophy since the First World War, which I have lately had occasion to read.” (While her early research interests had been in metaphysics and the philosophy of mind, it was when her Somerville colleague Philippa Foot spent a year visiting in America that Anscombe began reading modern ethicists in order to take over Foot’s course in moral philosophy.) One important strand that Anscombe identified in these philosophers was “a doctrine that it is impossible to have any quite general moral laws.” According to this doctrine:

[S]uch laws as “It is wrong to lie” or “Never commit sodomy” are rules of thumb which an experienced person knows when to break. Further, both his selection of these as the rules on which to proceed, and his tactful adjustments of them in particular cases, are based on their fitting together with the “way of life” which is his preference.… These philosophies, then, contain a repudiation of the idea that any class of actions, such as murder, may be absolutely excluded.

This, again, is what Anscombe would call the consequentialist doctrine that any type of action can in principle be justified by considering its likely consequences. According to this logic, it was because his action ended up saving lives, by bringing an earlier end to the war, that Truman was justified in massacring the citizens of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

In “Modern Moral Philosophy,” the influential 1958 paper in which she introduced the term “consequentialism,” Anscombe went to greater length in identifying the error that her Oxford colleagues had committed. This followed a BBC radio address given about a year earlier, in which Anscombe had posed the question “Does Oxford moral philosophy corrupt youth?” and answered it in the negative: the youth were not corrupted, she said, since these philosophers only taught the bad moral views that young people held anyway. Anscombe’s 1958 paper began with a whirlwind history in which she dismissed a series of moral philosophers from David Hume (“sophistical”) to Immanuel Kant (“useless”) to John Stuart Mill (“stupid”) to Henry Sidgwick (“dull” and “vulgar”), and then took aim at the “shallow,” “provincial,” and “corrupt” work of her contemporaries. The latter criticism centered on a conception of intentional action that Anscombe located in the work of Sidgwick, according to which a person “must be said to intend any foreseen consequences of [their] voluntary action.” On Anscombe’s reading, Sidgwick used this definition “to put forward an ethical thesis which would now be accepted by many people: the thesis that it does not make any difference to a man’s responsibility for something that he foresaw, that he felt no desire for it, either as an end or as a means to an end.”

Anscombe illustrated the upshot of this thesis with a simple example. According to a view like Sidgwick’s, there is no difference between the responsibility a man has for withdrawing material support from his children if he does this in order to achieve some further end, and the responsibility the same man would have if he was imprisoned for refusing to commit a disgraceful act. In both cases the man foresees that his choice will have the consequence of withdrawing material support from his children. Therefore, according to Sidgwick’s view, in each case the man is responsible in the same way for this outcome.

It is straightforward to extend this analysis to Truman’s decision to bomb the Japanese cities. Truman could foresee that his decision would lead to the deaths of thousands of innocent civilians. Yet, his defenders claim, a similar or greater number of civilians would have been killed had he chosen not to drop the bombs. On this analysis, Truman would have been equally responsible for the civilian deaths in either case. So the only thing that matters is whether he made the choice that led to better consequences overall—that is, to fewer total deaths.

Anscombe noted in “Modern Moral Philosophy” how surprising it was that none of the philosophers who accepted this position displayed any awareness of how their conclusions were “quite incompatible with the Hebrew–Christian ethic.” According to this ethic, she wrote, “there are certain things forbidden whatever consequences threaten,” and faced with the possibility of doing these things “you are not to be tempted by fear or hope of consequences.” But she saw that in her context she could not respond to this situation simply by defending traditional moral absolutes. Instead, the way forward was to begin “by banishing ethics totally from our minds,” in order to consider “simply as part of the philosophy of psychology” the concepts that ethical thinking presupposes. Among these she listed “action,” “intention,” and “wanting”—all of which are explored at length in the short book she had published a year earlier under the simple title Intention.

 

Anscombe’s Intention is an extraordinarily dense and difficult book, even by the standards of contemporary philosophy. It is just ninety-four pages long, comprising fifty-two numbered sections that range in length from a single paragraph to four or five pages. In this space the book treats an exhausting range of topics—and yet it has no obvious structure, no theses introduced at the beginning or stated clearly at the end, and barely any reference to the authors whose work it engages. It baffled several reviewers when it first appeared, and for a while went out of print. Yet when Harvard University Press reissued Anscombe’s book in 2001, the following quotation from the philosopher Donald Davidson appeared on the cover: “Anscombe’s Intention is the most important treatment of action since Aristotle.”

Anscombe would likely have objected that such praise overlooked at least the importance of Thomas Aquinas, whose influence is everywhere in Intention, even though his name appears only in one stray footnote. Anscombe’s daughter, Mary Geach, wrote in 2011 that her mother “drew on [Aquinas’s] thought to an unknowable extent: she said to me that it aroused prejudice in people to tell them that a thought came from him: to my sister she said that to ascribe a thought to him made people boringly ignore the philosophical interest of it, whether they were for Aquinas or against him.” Because of this, rather than repeating Aquinas’s theses and rehearsing his arguments for them—an approach entirely out of keeping with the way Aquinas himself built on the work of philosophers like Aristotle and St. Augustine—Anscombe’s writing appropriates Aquinas’s ideas in a fresh and novel guise, free of scholastic terminology and ready to be engaged by the contemporary reader.

Because of its scope and style, Intention resists easy summary. Anscombe is opposed throughout the book to thinking of intention primarily as a matter of one’s internal psychology—as the objective one has in doing a certain thing, or the willingness to do a thing on a certain occasion. At one point she identifies Wittgenstein as having advanced such a view in his Tractatus: “The world is independent of my will,” Wittgenstein wrote, and so action depends on a “presumed physical connexion” between one’s will and one’s bodily movements. In a notebook that likely dates from the 1950s, Anscombe cited this passage and wrote of feeling “more certain that there is a mistake here than about anything else in the Tractatus.” She continued: “I wish to say that ‘I do what happens’ when I act. The extraordinary thing is that this assumes an air of paradox.” This quoted remark reappeared in the text of Intention, where Anscombe wrote that though “everyone who heard this formula found it extremely paradoxical,” in fact it can be shown to make good sense.

In order to save this remark from paradox, Anscombe argued in her book that we use the concept of intention to describe what happens in most of our ordinary ways of describing human life. Imagine, for example, that you come into Anscombe’s study and find her sitting at her desk, with a pen in her hand that she is moving across the page. What is she doing? Writing, you will answer—and in describing her movements in this way you have already gone beyond a description in terms of physical bodies and forces. Mere physical objects can shatter, rise, and roll down hills, but they cannot write, jump, or walk. To describe a movement with words like these is to describe it as the execution of an intention.

How does this account apply to the case of Truman? The analysis of intention that Anscombe rejected holds that since Truman did not want the citizens of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to die—since their deaths were not part of his ultimate objective—they therefore fall outside the scope of his intention. By contrast, Anscombe argues that any sensible description of what Truman did must include the fact that he used these civilian deaths as a means to his end. These deaths were not merely incidental, since it was by killing the civilians that Truman brought the war to a close. Truman had innocent people killed in order to achieve his aims—and to do such a thing is to commit an act of murder.

 

To do the truth is not merely to grasp or to speak it; it also entails the kind of activism and advocacy that were such a part of Anscombe’s life.

Apart from her scholarly work, Anscombe also wrote and lectured extensively for wider audiences, usually of Catholics, on matters of popular concern. A frequent topic of this popular work is the Catholic teaching on contraception—a topic Anscombe wrote about as early as 1963, in an exchange with the Dominican friar Herbert McCabe in the pages of New Blackfriars. Later on, in an essay from 1972 published in The Human World under the title “Contraception and Chastity,” Anscombe defended what she called the Christian “ideal of chastity” and argued that the use of contraceptives is in conflict with it.

For Anscombe, what made the Christian teaching on sexuality so important was precisely that this teaching was not “traditional”: the teaching put Christians “at odds with the heathen world,” not only in the life of monastics but “as part of the ordinary calling of a Christian.” And, she argued, it is this view of marriage and family life that provides the rationale for the Christian ideal of chastity:

[T]he ground of [Christian] objection to fornication and adultery was that sexual intercourse is only right in the sort of set-up that typically provides children with a father and mother to care for them. If it’s all right to exclude children, if you can turn intercourse into something other than the reproductive type of act (I don’t mean of course that every act is reproductive any more than every acorn leads to an oak-tree but it’s a reproductive type of act) then why, if you can change it, should it be restricted to the married? Restricted, that is, to partners bound in a formal, legal, union whose fundamental purpose is the bringing up of children?

Anscombe’s argument here is supposed to be a reductio ad absurdum of the claim that contraceptive intercourse is permissible: if this is allowed, she says, then all other restrictions on sexual behavior go with it. It seems possible to resist this conclusion by holding that using contraceptives only sometimes would not sever entirely the link between sex and reproduction. Just as a writer lands most of her words in the wastepaper basket, so most of a married couple’s sexual acts won’t result in any children. And what is the difference between using contraceptives and refraining from intercourse during fertile periods in order not to become pregnant?

Questions like these were the focus of two replies to Anscombe’s article that were published in a subsequent issue of The Human World, one by Peter Winch and the other by Bernard Williams and Michael Tanner—all three professional philosophers, the latter two colleagues of Anscombe’s at Cambridge, where in 1970 she had taken up the chair previously held by Wittgenstein. Winch’s reply was short and substantive, arguing that the method of avoiding procreative intercourse does seem to change the character of “an act of intercourse considered as intentional,” in just the same way as taking a contraceptive pill. Williams and Tanner made a similar argument at greater length, and also voiced displeasure with what they called Anscombe’s “offensive” conclusions and spoke of how hard it was “to suppress feelings of outrage at some of her attacks on the spirit of the age, and the relish with which she launches them.”

Anscombe’s reply to these substantive arguments appealed to some simple analogies. In replying to Winch she asked the reader to imagine a man who operates some machinery in the course of doing his job, compared with another who deliberately sabotages this machinery and then manipulates it, perhaps by turning a crank, in a way that is superficially the same as the first man. The “wider context” between the two men’s actions means that there is a difference in what each of them does—since the fact that the second man has sabotaged the machine means that he is not doing his job, or even “operating” the machine in a strict sense at all. So have the contracepting couple “sabotaged” the sex act by preventing it from achieving its natural end. In replying to Williams and Tanner (whom she addressed as “my friendly neighborhood philosophers”) she pointed to the difference between arranging a meeting at a time when one knows a certain person will not be able to come, in order thereby to exclude that person, and physically barring an unwanted person from a meeting. The former, she wrote, “may be correctly describable as doing my organiser’s duties, namely to arrange the meeting.” But in physically barring an unwanted person, “I would be transgressing [those duties] by arranging to refuse him admission.”

This argument raises the question of whether a married couple has any duty toward their would-be children corresponding to the one that Anscombe’s organizer has to his potential guests. That is a question about the end or aim of married life, and such a question cannot be reduced to the casuistic application of moral principles. Here is how Anscombe addressed that wider question in the 1972 essay:

What people are for is to home in on God, God who is the one truth that is infinitely worth knowing, the possession of which you could never get tired of, like the water which if you have you can never thirst again, because your thirst is slaked forever and always. It’s this potentiality, this incredible possibility, of the knowledge of God and of sharing in His nature which Christianity holds out to people and because of this potentiality every life, right up to the last, is infinitely precious. Its potentialities in all things the world cares about may be slight; but there is always the possibility of what it’s for.

In this context, Williams and Tanner’s complaints on behalf of “the spirit of the age,” and their charge that Anscombe was “preaching impoverishment of life,” come into a different light, as she noted in her reply to them: “That one must be prepared to lose one’s life to save it, that ‘being poor in spirit’ is blessed, that what looks like deprivation and mutilation may be the path of life, the alternative death: all this Christianity has indeed taught.” She then added how strange it is “that ordinary chaste and faithful marriage should seem to exemplify” this spiritual poverty: “But that’s what our age is like.”

           

It is hard to imagine a phrase less descriptive of the life of Elizabeth Anscombe than Williams and Tanner’s charge of “impoverishment.” She was, by all accounts, an astoundingly rich personality, not at all mediocre or ordinary. Her house was filled with children as well as all sorts of visitors. She joked and swore, was famous for smoking cigars and drinking champagne, and loved to eat good food and cook it with her children. One great Oxford philosopher, Sir Anthony Kenny, recalls how in his days as a graduate student it was possible to drop into Anscombe’s house “at any hour of day or night and start discussion of a philosophical problem.” Sir Michael Dummett—who also converted to Catholicism, and who disagreed with Anscombe about contraception—recalls that tutorial meetings with her would last up to three hours rather than the usual one hour.

While not a feminist in any usual sense, Anscombe did keep her maiden name (on aesthetic grounds, apparently—“G.E.M. Anscombe” sounded better, she thought, than “G.E.M. Geach”), and she wore pants exclusively, often under a tunic. This made for some good stories. In one, Anscombe entered a restaurant in Boston where she was told that ladies were not permitted to wear pants, and so she took her pants off. In another, someone at the university told her that ladies had to wear skirts when they were lecturing, and so she began carrying a plastic bag with a skirt in it and then putting it on, over her trousers, just outside the lecture room.

The characteristics that made Anscombe one of the most exhilarating and intellectually formidable philosophers of her time also make most of her scholarly work quite inaccessible to non-specialists. Her popular writings, many of which are collected in Faith in a Hard Ground (2008), are a different story, though these too are not the sort of thing one is used to finding in a popular magazine. Her writing is focused, incisive, uncompromising in its commitment to what she called “doing the truth.” To do the truth is not merely to grasp or to speak it; it also entails the kind of activism and advocacy that were such a part of Anscombe’s life. A remark in one of her notebooks glosses this phrase as equivalent to “acting truthfully”—acting, that is, in such a way that this truth that we long for fills us up entirely as its vessel, animating our life and shining forth through our deeds.

In the final hours before her death, Anscombe was attended by her husband and four of her children, and she died as they finished reciting the sorrowful mysteries of the rosary. Anthony Kenny, who had been a student of Anscombe’s and then carried on with her an extensive correspondence via postcard after confessing to her that he was losing his Catholic faith, recently told the story of her burial. Following a funeral Mass in Blackfriars, Cambridge, the mourners processed to the grounds in Ascension Parish where Wittgenstein had been buried some fifty years earlier. Anscombe had secured special permission to be buried next to her teacher, and the grave was dug at double the usual depth, so her husband could be laid to rest above her. Peter Geach followed her there in 2013.

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NASA’s in the market for quick taxi rides to and from International Space Station

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Starliner and space station
NASA already has committed billions of dollars to procuring regularly scheduled rides to and from the International Space Station from commercial space taxi operators — but now it says it’s interested in buying short-term trips as well. The proposed arrangement, detailed on Tuesday, is aimed at giving a boost to the commercialization of space operations in low Earth orbit, as well as to NASA’s drive to send astronauts to the moon by 2024. It also makes the line dividing government-funded and privately funded space efforts even fuzzier. SpaceX and Boeing are both building spacecraft to serve as taxis to the… Read More
          

La ESA aprueba US$ 15.000 millones para misiones lunares y marcianas

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Dentro de estas misiones se contempla una base en la órbita de la Luna, en asocio con la Nasa.
          

Drones create aerial survey of ancient pueblo

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In May 2019, the Highlands University anthropology program and its students were the first to do a ground survey of the same prehistoric Anasazi pueblo during a field school that was a partnership ...
          

NOMINATE YOUR FAVORITE S.T.E.M. TEACHERS FOR NBC 4 NEW YORK & TELEMUNDO 47’S “WEATHER KIDS STAR TEACHER AWARDS”

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NEW YORK NY – (November 25, 2019) – Recognizing S.T.E.M. teachers who are making a difference in our classrooms and communities for the second consecutive year, NBC 4 New York and Telemundo 47 announced that nominations are now being accepted for their Weather Kids Star Teacher award program. Presented by Raymour & Flanigan, Tri-State parents, students, community leaders and fellow educators can visit nbcnewyork.com/weatherkids or telemundo47.com/ninosdeltiempo to review full contest rules and nominate their favorite educators through December 31.

“Our Star Teachers are the ultimate change agents, combining a passion for S.T.E.M. education with strong character and a record of results. They are role models and represent the very best in our communities. We look forward to recognizing these unsung heroes and celebrating their many achievements,” said Eric Lerner, President and General Manager of NBC 4 New York.

The Weather Kids Star Teacher awards program builds on NBC 4 New York and Telemundo 47’s popular Weather Kids/Niños del Tiempo classroom-based weather education program, which augments existing science and technology instruction to provide a “real world” look at weather forecasting for local elementary school students. To date, weather experts from both stations made over 40 visits to classrooms and museums in 12 Tri-State counties. More than 2,600 students have participated in the program during this time.

“Here at Telemundo 47, our La Autoridad en El Tiempo weather team takes great pride in sharing their knowledge with students, teachers and the many communities we serve. Their passion is a result of the many teachers who forged their life-long interest in the sciences. Awarding a new class of Star Teachers and publicly celebrating their achievements is a very important way to ‘pay it forward’ and continue thanking the educators who have gone the extra mile for their students,” said Cristina Schwarz, President and General Manager of Telemundo 47.

When submitting their on-line nomination, individuals will have the opportunity to list the many reasons why a specific science, technology, engineering or math teachers is deserving of the honor. Nominees are encouraged to be specific and share an original story that truly encapsulates who that teacher is deserving of this honor.

Four Tri-State teachers will be selected for the awards, with each receiving a special visit from Storm Team 4 and La Autoridad En El Tiempo representatives in March 2020. In addition to commemorative plaques for the winning teacher and their school, NBC 4 New York and Telemundo 47 will donate $1,000 to the school of each winning teacher, benefitting the learning needs of the winning teacher’s students.

Thanks to the generosity of “Weather Kids Star Teacher Awards” presenting sponsor Raymour & Flanigan, a surprise gift will also be made benefitting the classroom and school of the winning teacher.

“We are proud to celebrate the accomplishments of our Star Teachers and support S.T.E.M. education in our Tri-State communities. Our partnership with NBC 4 New York and Telemundo 47 for Weather Kids Star Teacher Awards and the Supporting our Schools school supply drive provides another important platform for Raymour & Flanigan to give back and show our appreciation for impactful leaders in the communities we serve,” said Elisabeth Dwyer, Director of Media and Special Events for Raymour & Flanigan.

Earlier this year, NBC 4 New York and Telemundo 47 honored three Tri-State educators with the Weather Kids Star Teacher award. They included:

  • Ann Cervone, STREAM Integrator at Christ the Teacher School in Fort Lee, NJ;
  • Greg Grambo, NASA employee turned Science and Technology Teacher at Louis Armstrong Middle School in East Elmhurst, NY;
  • Brent Smart, Science Team Leader at Brownsville Ascend Lower School in Brooklyn, NY

For more information on NBC 4 New York or Telemundo 47, please visit nbcnewyork.com or telemundo47.com.

About NBC 4 New York / WNBC
NBC 4 New York / WNBC is the flagship station of the NBC Owned Television Stations division of NBCUniversal, serving the New York Tri-State area with an unparalleled commitment to broadcast excellence for more than 75 years. The station features New York’s largest investigative reporting team, the I-Team and includes Edward R. Murrow and Emmy Award-winning journalists who successfully track down the answers to the questions most important to viewers. Storm Team 4, the station’s trusted weather team, utilizes the most accurate and the most powerful weather technology available to keep Tri-State viewers informed and safe when severe weather strikes. This includes StormTracker 4, the only commercial high-frequency S-Band dual polarization fixed Doppler weather radar operating in the Northeast.

In addition to NBC 4 New York’s primary channel, other programming outlets include COZI TV, the station’s multicast channel, and out-of-home platforms, including TV screens in taxi cabs, elevators and aboard New York-New Jersey PATH trains. The station also delivers news and information across all platforms, including its dedicated website, mobile app and social media platforms.

About Telemundo 47 New York / WNJU
Telemundo 47 / WNJU is the Telemundo television station serving Spanish-speaking viewers in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut for more than 50 years. The Tri-State’s Spanish-language broadcasting channel for soccer, Telemundo 47 will offer exclusive Spanish-language coverage of the 2022 and 2026 FIFA Men’s World Cup™ tournaments and the 2025 FIFA Women’s World Cup™ tournament. Delivering more than 27 hours of locally-produced news, information and entertainment programing each week, Telemundo 47 offers comprehensive breaking news coverage and features the New York market’s only team of bilingual meteorologists, La Autoridad en El Tiempo, who use cutting-edge technology to keep viewers and their families safe and informed. This includes Tele Doppler 47, con tecnología S band, the most powerful and most accurate weather technology available.

Telemundo 47’s local consumer investigative unit, Telemundo Responde, returns every telephone call, responds to every electronic inquiry and has recovered more than $2 million for local viewers. The station also features Acceso Total, the region’s only local entertainment variety program with TeleXitos, the station’s multicast network, offering viewers many beloved, iconic television series in an easy-to-watch, comfortable Spanish-language format. As a station, Telemundo 47 demonstrates its commitment to the communities it serves by cultivating local partnerships with organizations that reflect the diversity of the local market. Telemundo 47 also provides news and information across all platforms, online at Telemundo47.com, and via its dedicated mobile app and across social media.

About Raymour & Flanigan

Established in Upstate N.Y. in 1947, the family-owned furniture and mattress retailer has over 120 locations throughout the Northeast. Raymour & Flanigan has built its identity not only by offering quality furnishings and fast delivery, but by embracing its social responsibility through community giving and extensive in-house recycling. For more information, visit www.raymourflanigan.com or become a fan on Facebook.

###

MEDIA CONTACTS

NBC 4 New York/WNBC
Alexandra Trochanowski
212.664.6871

Alexandra.Trochanowski@nbcuni.com


Telemundo 47/WNJU
Aida E. Rosario
201.969.4080
Aida.Rosario@nbcuni.com

Raymour & Flanigan
Elisabeth Dwyer
315.345.6848
edwyer@raymourflanigan.com


          

18-year-old with pilot's license is 'certified' for space. She wants to go to Mars

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For Alyssa Carson, colonizing Mars is just the first step in saving the human race. The 18-year-old astrobiology student at Florida Tech remembers when she was nine years old, she had the opportunity to meet and speak to former NASA astronaut Sandra Magnus at the Sally Ride Science Festival in Louisiana.  “I asked her, ‘When did you […]

The post 18-year-old with pilot's license is 'certified' for space. She wants to go to Mars appeared first on RocketNews | Top News Stories From Around the Globe.


          

Comment on Amway forum: the business of health supplements and determining their traceability by Love Compoc

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true it's hard to trust narin lalo na kng health products , should be from legit manufacturers/brand na nasa industry na for so many years na. Nakkatakot yung na detect na you're taking in new supplements that could damage the liver waaah! ung process kasi ng iba di natin know, mga ingredients pa etc. Buti naman eto eh matagal na and analyzed 200 times for safety
          

2019 Hubble Space Telescope Advent Calendar (25 photos)

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Time once more for one of my favorite holiday traditions: the 12th annual Hubble Space Telescope Advent Calendar. Every day until Wednesday, December 25, this page will present one new incredible image of our universe from NASA's Hubble telescope. Be sure to come back every day until the 25th, or follow on Twitter (@TheAtlPhoto) or Facebook for daily updates. I hope you enjoy these amazing and awe-inspiring images and the efforts of the science teams who have brought them to Earth. And once more, I want to say how fortunate I feel to have been able to share photo stories with you all year, and how much fun I have putting this calendar together every December. Wishing you all a merry Christmas, happy holidays, and peace on Earth.

A Colossal Shell of Light. Spirals of dust swirl across trillions of kilometers of interstellar space as an expanding halo of light around a distant star, named V838 Monocerotis illuminates the giant cloud. The glow comes from the red supergiant star at the middle of the image, which gave off a flashbulb-like pulse of light, This image shows the progress the light-pulse had made after two years of traveling away from the star in all directions, imaged by Hubble on February 8, 2004. V838 Monocerotis is located about 20,000 light-years away from Earth in the direction of the constellation Monoceros, at the outer edge of our Milky Way galaxy. ( NASA, the Hubble Heritage Team, AURA / STScI, and ESA)

          

iTunes is still alive and well on Windows — here's how to download iTunes on your Windows device

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iTunes icon

If you have a large library of MP3s or other audio files, or you're interested in listening to Apple Music or podcasts via the iTunes store on your Windows computer, you'll need to download iTunes

The music app has been around since 2003. While many consumers have a love-hate relationship with the app (and though Apple has discontinued the program on macOS Catalina in favor of separate apps for Music, Podcasts, and TV), it's still one of the best out there for PC-based audiophiles. 

If you don't have iTunes yet but think it might come in handy, you'll need to download it on your computer. Thankfully, doing so is easy, and while the program is somewhat bulky and will take several minutes to download, it's a straightforward process and you should be up and running relatively quickly. 

Here's how to download iTunes on your Windows PC

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Lenovo IdeaPad 130 (From $299.99 at Best Buy)

How to download iTunes on your Windows computer

1. Visit the iTunes website. The site will automatically determine that you're using a Windows computer and will offer you a download for your system.

2. Under the "iTunes for Windows" header, click on "Get it from Microsoft" to be redirected to the Microsoft website. 

How to download iTunes on Windows

3. Click "Get," then click "Open Microsoft Store" from the pop-up prompt. 

How to download iTunes on Windows

4. In the Microsoft Store, click "Install" and iTunes will begin downloading. When finished, follow the on-screen prompts to install and begin using the app. 

Note that you can bypass steps one through three above by opening the Microsoft Store from your computer directly via the Start Menu and searching for "iTunes" via the store's search box in the upper-right hand corner of the screen. 

How to download iTunes on Windows

Related coverage from How To Do Everything: Tech:

SEE ALSO: The best all-in-one PCs you can buy

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: 8 weird robots NASA wants to send to space


          

How to change your background on a Windows 10 device using your settings or a shortcut

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Windows 10

  • You can change your background on Windows 10 in two different ways. 
  • If you already have your new background image saved on your computer, simply right-click on it and choose to set it as your desktop background. 
  • You can also navigate through your settings to change your background and customize it as you wish. 
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

Windows 10 is an extremely popular operating system, and while the default Windows 10 blue background is alluring in its own right, it can also be considered quite bland.

Fortunately, you have the option to customize the Windows 10 background as you see fit.

Here's how to do it. 

Check out the products mentioned in this article:

Windows 10 Home (From $139.99 at Best Buy)

How to change your background on Windows 10 

1. Click the Windows button on the bottom right corner of your screen (alternatively, you can hit the Windows button on your keyboard). 

2. Click "Settings" then click on "Personalization."

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3. Then head to "Background" and choose your new background by clicking "Browse" to browse the images on your PC. 

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4. Choose the photo you want for your new background and it should go live. 

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How to change your background on Windows 10 with a shortcut

1. If you already know what you want to change your background to, locate the image file on your computer (likely saved in one of your folders or on your desktop). 

2. Right-click the photo and click "Set as desktop background."

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Related coverage from How To Do Everything: Tech:

SEE ALSO: The best all-in-one PCs you can buy

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: 8 weird robots NASA wants to send to space


          

В НАСА строят новый ровер для спутников Юпитера и Сатурна

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Не все роверы предназначены для передвижения по поверхностям твердых миров, таких как Марс. Солнечная система — довольно интересное место, прячущее сразу несколько ледяных спутников гигантских планет, под толстой корой которых скрываются огромные океаны. Для того, чтобы проверить, может ли возникнуть жизнь в полностью водном мире, NASA собирается начать исследование Европы и Энцелада с помощью нового прибора, спроектированным в стенах космического агентства.
          

Kinumpirma ko ang Athanasius Creed at Vatican Council II

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NOVEMBER 30, 2019
Kinumpirma ko ang Athanasius Creed at Vatican Council II
Ako ay isang Katoliko sa Roma tahimik na nabubuhay ang aking paniniwala sa Katoliko. Hindi ko sila pinipilit sa kahit sino.So Inaasahan kong ang iba ay mapagparaya sa akin tulad ng sa kanila. Kinumpirma ko ang Vatican Council II, binibigyang kahulugan nang walang karaniwang maling saligan. Pinagtibay ko rin ang labis na ecclesiam nulla salus (EENS), nang walang karaniwang hindi makatwiran, tulad ng ginawa ng Magisterium noong ika-16 na siglo at ang mga Church Fathers.
Tumatanggap ako ng mga hypothetical na kaso ng pagbibinyag ng pagnanais (BOD), pagbibinyag ng dugo (BOB) at nai-save sa walang talo ng kamangmangan, bilang hypothetical lamang. Hindi sila layunin at personal na kilalang tao sa kasalukuyang panahon (2019). Kaya't hindi sila mga layunin na halimbawa ng kaligtasan sa labas ng Simbahan. Ang mga taong hindi nakikita ay hindi makikita ang mga halimbawa ng kaligtasan sa labas ng Simbahan.
Kaya hindi ko sinisikap ang BOD, BOB at I.I bilang mga pagbubukod sa layunin sa Ad Gentes 7, Vatican Council II, na nagsasabing ang lahat ay nangangailangan ng pananampalataya at binyag para sa kaligtasan. Lahat.
Ang pamantayan para sa kaligtasan, para sa akin, ay ang pananampalataya at ang pagbibinyag ng tubig, sa Simbahang Katoliko.Ito ang turo ng Simbahang Katoliko sa Vatican Council II (AG 7), Katekismo ng Simbahang Katoliko (845,846,1257) at iba pa mga mahiwagang dokumento, na binibigyang kahulugan ko nang hindi nakalilito kung ano ang hindi nakikita bilang nakikita, walang pahiwatig na tahasang, subjective bilang isang layunin.
Para sa akin ang Iglesya ay nagpapahiwatig sa mga mahiwagang dokumento nito, kasama na ang Vatican Council II, na ang lahat ng nasa labas ng Simbahan ay papunta sa Hell.Ito ay kasama ang mga nakakaalam o hindi nakakaalam tungkol kay Jesus at sa Simbahan at ang pangangailangan ng pagiging kasapi para sa kaligtasan .
Para sa akin LG 8, LG 14, LG 16, UR 3, NA 2, GS 22 atbp ay hindi praktikal na mga pagbubukod sa EENS o AG 7.
Kung may nai-save na sila ay makikilala lamang sa Diyos. Hindi namin maaaring hatulan ang isang partikular na tao sa mundo at inaangkin na siya ay maliligtas, bilang eksepsiyon, sa eksklusibong kaligtasan sa Simbahang Katoliko.
Kaya para sa akin, ang karamihan sa mga tao sa mundo ay nakatuon sa Impiyerno.Siguro namatay sila nang walang pananampalataya at pagbibinyag ng tubig (AG 7, LG 14).
Ang Ad Gentes 7 ay sinipi sa Catechism ng Simbahang Katoliko sa ilalim ng sub-pamagat na Labas ng Simbahan walang kaligtasan.Ang lahat na naligtas ay nai-save sa pamamagitan ni Hesus at ng Simbahan.Hindi ito sumasalungat sa turo sa lahat ng kailangan na maging mga kasapi ng ang Simbahang Katoliko para sa kaligtasan (AG 7) .Ang Simbahan ay ang Sakramento ng kaligtasan.Ang lahat ay kailangang maging mga miyembro na may pananampalataya at binyag, para sa kaligtasan at walang mga pagbubukod sa kasalukuyang panahon.
Ang iba pang mga relihiyon ay may mabuti at banal na mga bagay (NA 2) ngunit mayroon din silang mga kahusayan, pamahiin at mga pagkakamali (Dominus Iesus). Hindi sila maaaring ituring na pantay na landas sa kaligtasan kasama ang Simbahang Katoliko. Ang kanilang mga miyembro ay nakatuon sa Simbahan at lahat ay tinawag na maging bahagi ng Simbahang Katoliko. (CDF, ​​Notification, Fr.Jacques Dupuis, 2001)
Ang Vatican Council II ay kasuwato ng konsepto ng eksklusibong kaligtasan, tulad ng hawak ni San Maximilian Kolbe, Alphonse Ratisbonne, St.Francis of Assisi, St. Catherine ng Sienna, Padre Pio at maraming iba pang mga banal. Sinasabi sa atin ng Bibliya na ang Katoliko Ang Simbahan ay ang Mystical Body ni Jesus.Outside of the Catholic Church walang kaligtasan (Juan 3: 5, Marcos 16:16 atbp).
Pinagtibay ko ang Nicene at Apostol Creed na binibigkas na may mga hypothetical na kaso lamang na hypothetical.Ihanda akong gumawa ng isang Propesyon ng Pananampalataya.Kinumpirma ko ang Athanasius Creed na nagsasabing sa labas ng Simbahan walang kaligtasan.
Hindi ako wala sa schism kasama ang mga nakaraang mga papa sa EENS (Cantate Domino, Council of Florence 1441), isang ekumenismong pagbabalik (na pinatunayan ko kay Unitatis Redintigratio, Konseho ng Vatican II na binibigkas nang may katwiran) at isang eksisistang eksklusibo (suportado ni Lumen Gentium na binibigyang kahulugan ng rasyonal) , nang walang maling saligan).
Hindi ako isang sedevacantist at hindi rin ako isang tradisyonalista na dumadalo lamang sa Latin Mass.Ang ecclesiology ng Mass, para sa akin, sa lahat ng mga ritwal, ay pareho bago at pagkatapos ng Vatican Council II. Dumalo ako sa Mass sa vernacular kasama ang ecclesiology ng mga misyonero ng Middle Ages, na isang gintong panahon sa kasaysayan ng Simbahang Katoliko.
Dahil walang nalalaman na kaligtasan sa labas ng Simbahan at walang mga kilalang pagbubukod sa mahigpit na pagpapakahulugan ng EENS, para sa akin, mayroon lamang mga Katoliko sa Langit. Nariyan sila na may pananalig at pagbibinyag ng tubig at walang mortal na mga kasalanan sa kanilang kaluluwa.
Kung walang mga personal na kilalang kaso, ng mga hindi Katoliko na nai-save sa labas ng Simbahan, walang teolohikal na batayan, para sa New Theology, New Ecumenism, New publisherology, New Evangelization atbp.
Ako ay naging aktibo, nang maraming taon, kasama ang Focolares, Charismatic Renewal, Neo Catechumenal Way ni Kiko Arguello at ang Legion ni Mary.
Inayos ko ang mga inter-miting na pagpupulong kasama ang isang kaibigan at pari ng Franciscan na si Fr.Rasheed.
Ngayon ang mga nasabing pagpupulong ay magiging isang bahagi ng misyon, para sa akin, at isang pagkakataon upang maipahayag ang pananampalataya.Ititiyagaan ko ang mga pananaw ng iba. Ito ay isang pagpapahayag mula noong gusto kong ipahayag ang Ebanghelyo. Hindi kinakailangang umaasa ng pagbabalik-loob, na nakasalalay sa tao at Diyos.
Ipinanganak ako sa isang pamilyang Katoliko at nabautismuhan bilang isang sanggol. Isa akong tagahanga ni Teresa ng Avila. -Lionel Andrades

NOVEMBER 30, 2019

I affirm the Athanasius Creed and Vatican Council II

I am a Catholic in Rome peacefully living my Catholic beliefs. I do not force them on anyone.So I would expect others to be tolerant of me as I am of them. I affirm Vatican Council II, interpreted  without the common false premise. I also affirm extra ecclesiam nulla salus(EENS), without the common irrationality, as did the Magisterium in the 16th century and the Church Fathers.
I accept hypothetical cases of the baptism of desire(BOD), baptism of blood(BOB)and being saved in invincible ignorance, as being just hypothetical. They are not objective and personally known people in the present times(2019). So they are not objective examples of salvation outside the Church.Invisible people cannnot be visible examples of salvation outside the Church.
So I do not project BOD,BOB and I.I as objective exceptions to Ad Gentes 7, Vatican Council II, which says all need faith and baptism for salvation. All.
The norm for salvation, for me, is faith and the baptism of water, in the Catholic Church.This is the teaching of the Catholic Church in Vatican Council II(AG 7), Catechism of the Catholic Church(845,846,1257) and other magisterial documents, which I interpret without confusing what is invisible as being visible, implicit as being explicit, subjective as being objective.
For me the Church indicates in its magisterial documents, including Vatican Council II, that all who are outside the Church are on the way to Hell.This includes those who know or do not know about Jesus and the Church and the necessity of membership for salvation.
For me LG 8, LG 14, LG 16, UR 3, NA 2, GS 22 etc are not practical exceptions to EENS or AG 7.
If anyone is saved they would only be known to God. We cannot judge a particular person on earth and claim he or she will be saved , as an exception, to exclusive salvation in the Catholic Church.
So for me, most people on earth are oriented to Hell.Since they die without faith and the baptism of water(AG 7, LG 14).
Ad Gentes 7 is quoted in the Catechism of the Catholic Church under the sub-title Outside the Church there is no salvation.All who are saved are saved through Jesus and the Church.This does not contradict the teaching on all needing to be members of the Catholic Church for salvation (AG 7).The Church is the Sacrament of salvation.All need to become members with faith and baptism, for salvation and there are no exceptions in the present times.
Other religions have good and holy things(NA 2) but they also have inefficiencies, superstition and errors ( Dominus Iesus). They cannot be considered equal paths to salvation with the Catholic Church.Their members are oriented to the Church and are all called to become a part of the Catholic Church.(CDF, Notification,Fr.Jacques Dupuis,2001)
Vatican Council II is in harmony with the concept of exclusive salvation, as held by St. Maximilian Kolbe, Alphonse Ratisbonne, St.Francis of Assisi, St. Catherine of Sienna, Padre Pio and numerous other saints.The Bible tells us that the Catholic Church is the Mystical Body of Jesus.Outside of the Catholic Church there is no salvation( John 3:5, Mark 16:16 etc).
I affirm the Nicene and Apostles Creed interpreted with hypothetical cases just being hypothetical.I would be ready to make a Profession of Faith.I affirm the Athanasius Creed which  says outside the Church there is no salvation.
I am not in schism with the past popes on EENS( Cantate Domino, Council of Florence 1441),an ecumenism of return( which I affirm with Unitatis Redintigratio, Vatican Council II interpreted rationally) and an exclusivist ecclesiology( supported by Lumen Gentium interpreted rationally , without the false premise).
I am not a sedevacantist and nor am I a traditionalist who only attends the Latin Mass. The ecclesiology of the Mass, for me, in all rites, is the same before and after Vatican Council II. I attend Mass in the vernacular with the ecclesiology of the missionaries of the Middle Ages, which was a golden period in the history of the Catholic Church.
Since there is no known salvation outside the Church and there are no known exceptions to the strict interpretation of EENS, for me, there are only Catholics in Heaven.They are there with faith and the baptism of water and without mortal sins on their soul.
With there being no personally known cases, of non Catholics saved outside the Church, there is no theological basis, for the New Theology, New Ecumenism, New Ecclesiology, New Evangelisation etc.
I have been active , for many years, with the Focolares, Charismatic Renewal, Neo Catechumenal Way of Kiko Arguello and the Legion of Mary.
I have organized inter faith meetings along with a Franciscan friend and priest, Fr. Rasheed.
 Today such meetings would be a part of mission, for me, and an opportunity to proclaim the faith.I would tolerate the views of others. It would be a proclamation since I like to proclaim the  Gospel.Not necessarily expecting a conversion, which  depends upon the person and God.
I was born in a Catholic family and was baptised as an infant. I am a fan of Teresa of Avila.  -Lionel Andrades



          

La Chiesa è Gesù

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1 DICEMBRE 2019
La Chiesa è Gesù

Non esiste una base teologica per il nuovo ecumenismo, la nuova teologia, la nuova evangelizzazione, la nuova ecclesiologia ecc. Dal momento che non esiste una salvezza conosciuta al di fuori della Chiesa. Quindi il nostro concetto di "Chiesa" non è cambiato, non è cambiato dopo il Concilio Vaticano II.
Comprendiamo ancora "La Chiesa", secondo la vecchia comprensione dell fuori della Chiesa non c'e salvezza (CCC 846, Credo di Atanasio). Al di fuori della Chiesa non esiste una salvezza conosciuta personalmente.
Il Concilio Vaticano II afferma che tutti hanno bisogno di fede e battesimo per la salvezza(AG 7). Questa è la nostra vecchia comprensione della Chiesa. Questa è la vecchia ecclesiologia. Questo è l'insegnamento del Concilio.
Gesù è lo stesso ieri, oggi e domani, così e la Chiesa.
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Image result for Photos Community Palavra Viva Roma 
Una nuova teologia non può essere creata dal nulla. Ci deve essere una base razionale. Non dobbiamo confondere ciò che è implicito come esplicito e dire che c'è salvezza al di fuori della Chiesa. Non dobbiamo confondere ciò che è invisibile come visibile e quindi creare una nuova teologia. Mischiando ciò che è soggetto come obiettivo, una nuova ecclesiologia non dovrebbe essere forzata su tutta la Chiesa. Una piccola e potente lobby non dovrebbe fraintendere il Concilio Vaticano II.
Eppure questo è ciò che è stato fatto da p. Karl Rahner, Papa Paolo VI, Papa Benedetto e altri.
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Image result for Photos Community Palavra Viva Roma

There is no theological basis for the New Ecumenism, New Theology, New Evangelisation, New Ecclesiology etc.Since there is no known salvation outside the Church. So our concept of 'Church' has not changed.It has not changed after Vatican Council II.
We still understand 'The Church' , according to the old understanding of outside the Church there is no salvation (CCC 846, Athanasius Creed).It is not outside the Church there is personally known salvation.
Vatican Council II says all need faith and baptism (AG 7) for salvation. This is our old understanding of Church. This is the old ecclesiology.This is the teaching of the Council.
Jesus is the same yesterday, today and tomorrow and so is the Church.
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A new theology cannot be created out of nothing. There has to be a rational basis. We must not confuse what is implicit as being explicit and say there is salvation outside the Church. We must not confuse what is invisible as being visible and then create a new theology. By mixing up what is subject as being objective a new ecclesiology should not be forced upon the whole Church.One small and powerful lobby should not misinterpret Vatican Council II.
Yet this is what was done by Fr. Karl Rahner,Pope Paul VI, Pope Benedict and others.
Image result for Photos Community Palavra Viva Roma Image result for Photos Community Palavra Viva Roma

Optimization of lung infection model with carbapenemase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 (KPC-2) for intranasal treatment in neutropenic NMRI mice

Goncalves Cavaco, L. M., Hjortkjær, C. B., Rasmussen, C., Nielsen, P. E. & Lundberg, C. V., 17 Apr 2019.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Publication date17 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2019
EventInternational Conference on One Health Antimicrobial resistance - Utrecht, Netherlands
Duration: 16 Apr 201918 Apr 2019
http://www.icohar2019.org/icohar2019.html

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on One Health Antimicrobial resistance
CountryNetherlands
CityUtrecht
Period16/04/201918/04/2019
Internet address

          

NASA PREDICTS NEXT SOLAR CYCLE WILL BE LOWEST IN 200 YEARS (DALTON MINIMUM LEVELS) + THE IMPLICATION

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https://electroverse.net/nasa-predicts-next-solar-cycle-will-be-lowest-in-200-years-dalton-minimum-levels-the-implications/ Well when they can't deny it anymore they make a weak announcement! We are entering into a grand solar minimum and we are going to see famine expand as cold weather destr...
          

NASA Tracking THREE Asteroids Headed This Way, Two Spotted Just 2 Days Ago

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19 Nov, 2019 10:32 NASA is currently tracking three near-Earth objects (NEOs) due to fly past the Earth on November 20. Worryingly, two of the three were only spotted this past weekend, once again raising tensions over planetary defense. The first of Wednesday’s cosmic flybys and the largest...
          

V hlavní roli Dončič. Převýšil Jamese a připravil Lakers třetí prohru

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Los Angeles Lakers našli v basketbalové NBA třetího přemožitele, když doma podlehli Dallasu 100:114. Velký večer prožil dvacetiletý tahoun hostů Luka Dončič, který zastínil LeBrona Jamese s Anthonym Davisem.
          

Bez policistů začaly v Javorníku problémy, teď zrušenou služebnu obnoví

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V Javorníku na Jesenicku bude po letech opět stálé policejní oddělení. Vedení policie vyslyšelo stížnosti místní samosprávy a v minulosti zrušenou služebnu opět obnoví.
          

Koniec świata nadejdzie szybciej niż sądzimy?

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Koniec świata to temat, który od wieków fascynuje ludzkość. Przed wiekami Nostradamus, Majowie, różnego rodzaju wróżbici dociekali kiedy nastąpi kres naszej cywilizacji. Również dziś naukowcy NASA, wyposażeni w najnowocześniejszą technologię, próbują odpowiedzieć na to pytanie. Nie dziwi zatem pojawienie się w internecie kolejnej informacji na ten temat. Jednak tym co szokuje jest przewidywana data końca […]

Artykuł Koniec świata nadejdzie szybciej niż sądzimy? pochodzi z serwisu OTOPRESS.


          

Į Žemę įsirėžusiuose meteorituose mokslininkai aptiko… cukraus!

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Prieš milijardus metų į Žemę besirėžusiuose meteorituose būta cukraus, teigia mokslininkai, taip papildydami idėją, kad asteroiduose gali būti tam tikrų gyvybei reikalingų ingredientų. Tarptautinė mokslininkų komanda gyvybei būtinų cukrų aptiko meteorituose, kuriuose buvo ir kitokių biologiškai svarbių junginių, skelbiama NASA pranešime. Asteroidai – uolingi, arti Žemės orbitoje aplink Saulę skriejantys objektai, yra tėviniai daugelio meteoritų […]
          

Un arte peculiar.

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五十嵐藍 ~ Igarashi Ran: Crítica, cínica, cáustica y en cierto modo peculiar en su arte de líneas firmes y cuidadas.

La ironía a veces se pasea por sus viñetas ya en paneles, ya en páginas completas, donde a veces encontramos colores difusos, en los primeros compases de sus obras.

Temática muy variada, no exenta de cierta sensualidad soterrada, moe que intenta alejar al lector de esa vía precisamente mostrando un lado poco convencional y crítico.

En definitiva una artista que de no pasar desapercibida estaría entre las primeras, aunque seguro que sus fans no la dejan de lado, sobre todo sabiendo que sus doujinshi saldrán en los Comiket que sea necesario, siempre apoyada por su círculo こたう ~ Kotau. donde se la conoce como イガッツ ~ IGATZ.

鬼灯さん家のアネキ ~ Hoozuli-san chi no Aneki (2009): Divertido shounen yonkoma costumbrista donde la autora trata de forma jocosa el moe hermanastra mayor.

Editado en 4 volúmenes por Kadokawa Shoten en sus líneas 4-Koma Nano A y Young Ace.

Género: Comedia, drama, ecchi, romance, shounen, vida académica, vida cotidiana.

Fansub: inglés, 4chan, Akito, Animexis, StubbornOne, Type it Up Scanlations, Vexed Scans y kyonkundenwa

Gorou está enamorado de su hermanastra mayor, Haru. Desafortunadamente para Gorou, a Haru le encanta burlarse sádicamente de todas las formas posibles.


Parte 01    Parte 02

Parte 03    Parte 04


ローファイ・アフタースクール ~五十嵐藍短編集~ Rō Fai Afutā Sukūru (2012): LO-FI After School es un conjunto de ocho relatos gráficos cargados de simbolismo, shounen psicológico no exento de humor editado para Mag Garden en su línea Comic Blade n tomo único.

Género: Comedia, psicológico, romance, shounen, vida académica, vida cotidiana.

Fansub: inglés, Shoujo Sense





ワールドゲイズ クリップス ~ Wārudo Geizu Kurippusu (2012): World Gaze Clips es un drama seinen de gran simbolismo y momentos filosóficos, compuesto de varias historias repartidas en cuatro volúmenes editados por Kadokawa Shoten en su línea Young Ace.

Género: Drama, seinen, vida académica, vida cotidiana.

Fansub: inglés, Animexis, Extra Ordinary Scans y Shoujo Sense


Parte 01    Parte 02    Parte 03    Parte 04

Parte 05    Parte 06    Parte 07


鬼灯さん家のアネキ(+妹) ~ Hoozuki-san-ka no aneki (+ imōto) (2014): Continuación de la tira de paneles 4-koma anterior, shounen ecchi - casi rayando el H - costumbrista que hila más si cabe la madeja del moe de hermanas. Publicado en 8 volúmenes por Kadokawa Shoten en su línea young Ace.

Género: Comedia, ecchi, harem, romance, shounen, vida académica, vida cotidiana.

Fansub: inglés, Animexis, Heizz, Jaimini's Box y Oni-Scans

Esta vez, el enamoramiento de Gorou por su sádica hermanastra mayor Haru ha llegado al escenario donde las insinuaciones abiertamente sexuales se han convertido en parte de su vida cotidiana.

Los días "pacíficos" de la pareja habrían continuado si no fuera por la prima de Haru, Aoi-chan, y su forma de ser tipo hermana menor.


Parte 01    Parte 02    Parte 03

Parte 04    Parte 05


Oneshots:

殺し屋赤頭巾 ~ Koroshiya Akazukin (2011): Publicado en Zero-Sum Ward para Ichijinsha.

Género: Comedia, josei.

Fansub: inglés, Omari's Sister 

El asesino de capucha roja Red Wolf se propone matar a la abuela.


白雪姫の秘密 ~ Shirayukihime no Himitsu (2011): Publicado por Ichijinsha.

Género: Comedia, josei.

Fansub: inglés, Rayns&Lele Scans

Red Wolf de repente recibe una solicitud para matar a Blancanieves. ¡Qué puñetas ... pero espera! ¡¿Quién es la verdadera Blancanieves ?! 
 

神様ごっこ ~ Kamisama Gokko (2013): Publicado para Mag Garden en su línea Comic Blade, sirve de colofón a LO-FI After School.

Género: Drama, shounen, vida cotidiana.

Fansub: inglés, The Zero Alliance 

Una chica vigila la ciudad en la que vive, creyendo que el mundo va a terminar. Pronto se le une un chico que no tiene a dónde ir, y vigilan juntos los "últimos días" del mundo. 

Pass: @posta_N3W


Otra buena autora a la que se presta poquísima atención a pesar de su extensa carrera.

Saludos.


Nada se sabe bien sino por medio de la experiencia. Sir Francis Bacon 

          

Agencia Espacial Europea será parte de la estación lunar

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La Agencia Espacial Europea (AEE) anunció que participará con dos módulos en la futura estación internacional lunar Gateway, que se pondrá en órbita en 2028, informó tras el consejo ministerial que tuvo lugar en Sevilla, España.

Esta suma al proyecto por parte de la AEE hará posible que algunos astronautas europeos viajen junto con los enviados de la estadounidense NASA, la agencia que lidera el proyecto, a partir de 2030, cuando se prevé que arriben los primeros habitantes de ese complejo.

El diseño de Gateway considera la creación de un

...

Más información en El Siglo de Torreón


          

Agricultural cropland extent and areas of South Asia derived using Landsat satellite 30-m time-series big-data using random forest machine learning algorithms on the Google Earth Engine cloud

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The South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan) has a staggering 900 million people (~43% of the population) who face food insecurity or severe food insecurity as per United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). The existing coarse-resolution (>250-m) cropland maps lack precision in geo-location of individual farms and have low map accuracies. This also results in uncertainties in cropland areas calculated from such products. Thereby, the overarching goal of this study was to develop high spatial resolution (30-m or better) baseline cropland extent product of South Asia for the year 2015 using Landsat satellite time-series big-data and machine learning algorithms (MLAs) on the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud computing platform. To eliminate the impact of clouds, ten time-composited Landsat bands (blue, green, red, NIR, SWIR1, SWIR2, Thermal, EVI, NDVI, NDWI) were derived for each of the 3 time-periods over 12 months (monsoon: Julian days 151-300; winter: Julian days 301-365 plus 1-60; and summer: Julian days 61-150), taking the every 8-day data from Landsat-8 and 7 for the years 2013-2015, for a total of 30-bands plus global digital elevation model (GDEM) derived slope band. This 31-band mega-file big data-cube was composed for each of the 5 agro-ecological zones (AEZ’s) of South Asia and formed a baseline data for image classification and analysis. Knowledge-base for the Random Forest (RF) MLAs were developed using spatially well spread-out reference training data (N=2179) in 5 AEZs. Classification was performed on GEE for each of the 5 AEZs using well-established knowledge-based and RF MLAs on the cloud. Map accuracies were measured using independent validation data (N=1185). The survey showed that the South Asia cropland product had a producer’s accuracy of 89.9% (errors of omissions of 10.1%), user’s accuracy of 95.3% (errors of commission of 4.7%) and an overall accuracy of 88.7%. The National and sub-national (districts) areas computed from this cropland extent product explained 80-96% variability when compared with the National statistics of the South Asian Countries. The full resolution imagery can be viewed at full-resolution, by zooming-in to any location in South Asia or the world, at www.croplands.org and the cropland products of South Asia downloaded from The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS): https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/products/gfsad30saafgircev001/
          

Spécialiste technique, Avionique / Technical Specialist, Avionic (Mirabel, QC) - Bell Textron Inc. - Mirabel, QC

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5-10 years of pertinent experience in aerospace. We were aboard NASA’s first lunar mission and brought advanced tiltrotor systems to market.
From Textron - Wed, 27 Nov 2019 21:39:08 GMT - View all Mirabel, QC jobs
          

Venta de Ph 2 ambientes en Villa Urquiza

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95000
Se vende ph 2 amb. con patio, primer piso por escalera, se ingresa por pasillo. 60 m2 aprox, ubicacion villa urquiza, morlote entre campillo y chorroarin Morlote Al 900 Esquina Campillo, Villa Urquiza..Publicado por bennasar propiedades a traves...
1 dormitorio 1 baño 45 m² 2.111 ARS/m²
Fri, 29 Nov 2019 17:33:04 +0100
          

Mars at dawn: This NASA Curiosity rover image will enchant your heart - CNET

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The Curiosity rover gifted us with a gorgeous look at a new day dawning far, far away.
          

A Burial Site Fit for an Emperor

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Severe Winter Storm Hits the West Coast

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【輪廻転生 気候変動 天体衝突】

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ちょっと前に1160万年前の「最新の生命絶滅痕跡」発見、 というニュースが流れていましたね。 写真はそのニュース当時、NASA提供の写真として流布されていたもので、 その下は産経WEBで見られた図表です。 地球の年齢は4 […]
          

El Indio Solari creó un Instagram: ¿a quién le dedicó uno de sus primeros posteos?

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Indio SolariEl primer posteo del Indio Solari en su cuenta de Instagram.

El Indio Solari abrió por primera vez una cuenta de Instagram y en pocas horas y con dos posteos, el músico juntó más de 50 mil seguidores, a quienes invitó al show que dará su banda. “Les doy la bienvenida a mis cuentas oficiales en redes sociales. A partir de ahora podremos comunicarles todas las novedades de una forma directa y certera. Atención que habrá más noticias”, anunció el cantante en Instagram.

 

El segundo posteo que realizó el Indio invitaba a sus seguidores a asistir al show que Los fundamentalistas del aire acondicionado darán el sábado a beneficio de Martín Carrizo, el músico y hermano de Caramelito que necesita dinero para viajar a Estados Unidos para probar un tratamiento para el ELA. “Podrán disfrutar de mis canciones, aunque yo no esté presente, gracias a todos”, escribió el músico y en el video agregó: “Estoy haciendo este spot para publicitar una vez más el show que van a hacer Los fundamentalistas del aire acondicionado, la banda que me acompaña siempre en el estadio Malvinas Argentinas”, dijo el cantante.


“Es para darle un empujón a Martín, para que se haga un tratamiento en Estados Unidos que es muy oneroso. Va a ser un show estupendo, son un dream team, son los mejores músicos que hay en el país y van a disfrutar haciendo canciones mías y yo les agradezco a todos los que apostaron y vayan esa noche y paguen entrada”, cerró.

 

El Indio también anunció que “próximamente” tendrá una cuenta en Twitter y otra en Facebook.

 

 


          

INCOMING! Deadly ‘God of Chaos’ space rock capable of killing millions could hit Earth on 10 different dates

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“A POTENTIALLY deadly asteroid has ten chances to collide with Earth over the next 84 years, according to Nasa. The space rock Apophis could wipe out millions if it careens into our planet.” Sounds imminent, right? Nah! The earliest of those dates is 41 years in the future, so you have plenty of time to […]
          

Féllu fyrir víngerðinni í Rúmeníu

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Haukur Óskarsson og sonur hans, Óskar Ólafur eru kampakátir með að tvö vín frá LacertA hafi hlotið viðurkenningu Gyllta glassins á dögunum. Það vakti talsverða athygli á dögunum að tvö rúmensk léttvín hlutu viðurkenninguna Gyllta glasið fyrir árið 2019. Það er viðurkenning sem veitt er af Vínþjónasamtökum Íslands á hverju ári.
          

Voici la vidéo qui atteste que les extraterrestres existent vraiment et c’est la NASA qui le dit !

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Cette vidéo vient se joindre aux autres preuves des experts en OVNI, qui montrerait que des extraterrestres existent. Celle-ci contient […]

Cet article Voici la vidéo qui atteste que les extraterrestres existent vraiment et c’est la NASA qui le dit ! est apparu en premier sur Tuxboard.


          

Little mistress zelene spolocenske saty xs s - 50

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zelene slavnostne spolocenske dlhe saty na prilezitosti ako: ples, stuzkova, promocie, svatba, popolnocne saty atd povodna cena 130 eur velkost 8, nasa 36, sedi na xs/s saty maju spodnicku, na ktorej je priesvitnejsia druha vrstva vnutri su zapra ...
          

kombinovaný kočárek - 3 400

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Prostorný kočárek Dorjan Harmony - dvojkombinace ve fialovém provedení, užívaný pouze 1 dítětem (Z NEKUŘÁCKÉHO PROSTŘEDÍ, BEZ DOMÁCÍCH MAZLÍČKŮ). Má nafukovací kola, přední jsou otočná se systémem aretace, možnost nasadit korbu i sportovní sedačku po ...
          

Gratitude, Assignments and Direction!

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Јоксимовић: Насловна Данаса је ширење мржње и насиља https://www.sns.org.rs/novosti/vesti/joksimovic-naslovna-danasa-je-sirenje-mrznje-i-nasilja#.XeJfsWHtoGQ.twitter …


          

De los maduristas que “roban a manos llenas”, el PP pedirá bloquear los fondos en Europa

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De los maduristas que “roban a manos llenas”, el PP pedirá bloquear los fondos en Europa
  El Partido Popular español (PP, conservador) comparte el diagnóstico de la oposición venezolana de que la mejor fórmula para evitar que España se convierta en el “paraíso fiscal” de militares y cargos maduristas es ampliar el número de las llamadas “sanciones individuales adicionales” para bloquear sus cuentas, y así lo pedirá en Europa. El portavoz...
          

Puducherry CM to file contempt of court plea against Kiran Bedi for threatening officials

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Hitting out at Puducherry Lieutenant Governor Kiran Bedi, Chief Minister V Narayanasamy on Sunday said that he would file a contempt of court plea against her as she is working on matters which are not authorised to her and threatening officials.
          

Space-based lasers track Earth’s largest animal migration in unprecedented global study

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A joint study by NASA and the French space agency, Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), has used space-based lasers to produce the first global study of the great migration of tiny marine animals that takes place twice every day. Using the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) satellite that was launched in 2006, the unprecedented […]
          

Dust towers may have helped dry out ancient Mars

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The 2018 global dust storm on Mars that killed NASA’s Opportunity rover is providing scientists with new insights into both Martian weather and how the Red Planet may have lost its atmosphere over billions of years. Based on data from the space agency’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), the key could lie in dust towers that storms push […]
          

Shooting glasses-Pilla frame

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Hello everyone, I have a patient that brought in a pilla frame with the peg insert. he has a flat top 28. he closes/occludes the left eye and on the right eye I moved pd in to nasal. right eye rx is -5.50-0.25x139. he cant get clarity in the distance/target unless he shifts the frame to pull...
          

Halál és születés a NASA felvételén

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A NASA Földi Obszervatóriuma egy tengeralatti vulkánkitörést örökített meg a Tonga-szigetcsoport közelében.
          

Kísérteties óriásdenevért fotózott a NASA az űrben

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A masszív csillag robbanása teljesen olyan, mintha egy hatalmas denevér tárná ki bőrszárnyait a világűrben.
          

Professions: Emergency Technician - Signing Bonus - Scranton, Pennsylvania

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The Veterinary Referral and Emergency Center (VREC) is a 24/7/365 emergency and referral hospital located in Clarks Summit, PA. VREC is currently seeking a Technician to join our emergency department. This position requires a driven individual who can work both as a member of a team and on their own, is able to quickly and accurately complete tasks while balancing multiple other duties in a fast-paced environment. Candidates must be able to follow the guidelines, structure, and established policies of the hospital while working with experienced clinicians, licensed technicians, and a dedicated support staff. The ideal candidate will have excellent communication and interpersonal skills. Duties may include but are not limited to: Quickly and accurately assessing patients status while working along side doctors to provide care Performing anesthesia for minor procedures Performing in-patient treatments and administering a variety of medications Appropriately taking radiographs and submitting them to a radiologist for review Running blood work on a variety of equipment Placing a variety of catheters (urinary catheters, central venous catheters, peripheral indwelling central catheters) as well as nasal oxygen and nasal feeding tubes Candidates must have a willingness to learn, not all skills are required on hire but are able to be learned while on the job. We offer a signing bonus, competitive compensation and a generous benefits package. If you want a challenging and rewarding career, we want to hear from you. ()
          

Using high-flow nasal cannulas for infants with bronchiolitis admitted to paediatric wards is safe and feasible.

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Related Articles

Using high-flow nasal cannulas for infants with bronchiolitis admitted to paediatric wards is safe and feasible.

Acta Paediatr. 2018 11;107(11):1971-1976

Authors: Heikkilä P, Sokuri P, Mecklin M, Nuolivirta K, Tapiainen T, Peltoniemi O, Renko M, Korppi M

Abstract
AIM: Using a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) for infant bronchiolitis is increasingly common, but insufficiently studied. In this retrospective study, we examined the outcomes of HFNC and compared infants who did and did not respond to this oxygen delivery method.
METHODS: This 2012-2015 study of six Finnish hospitals focused on 88 infants under 12 months who received HFNC: 53 on paediatric wards and 35 in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs). We reviewed patient files for underlying factors, clinical parameters and HFNC treatment. The treatment failed if the patient was transferred to another respiratory support.
RESULTS: We found HFNC treatment was successful in 76 (86%) infants, including all 53 on the paediatric wards and 23/35 PICU patients. The responders' heart rates were significantly lower, and their oxygen saturation was significantly higher at 60 minutes after HFNC treatment started and then stayed relatively constant. Their respiratory rate was only significantly lower after 360 minutes. In non-responders, the respiratory rate initially decreased but was higher at 180 and 360 minutes after the start of HFNC.
CONCLUSION: We found preliminary evidence that oxygen support needs and heart rate were useful early predictors of HFNC therapy success in infants hospitalised with bronchiolitis, but respiratory rate was not.

PMID: 29802651 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


          

A humidifier in the invasive mode during noninvasive respiratory support could increase condensation and thereby impair airway patency.

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Related Articles

A humidifier in the invasive mode during noninvasive respiratory support could increase condensation and thereby impair airway patency.

Acta Paediatr. 2018 11;107(11):1888-1892

Authors: Flink RC, van Kaam AH, de Jongh FH

Abstract
AIM: Humidifying noninvasively ventilated preterm infants is critical to prevent dehydration of respiratory mucosa, but over-humidification can result in impaired airway patency and lung mechanics. This neonatal bench study investigated the humidity delivered using invasive and noninvasive humidification modes during nasal continuous positive airway pressure.
METHODS: The study was conducted at the neonatal intensive care unit of Emma Children's Hospital, the Netherlands, in March 2014. A mannequin was connected to a CareFusion Infant Flow SiPAP system, combined with a Fisher & Paykel MR850 humidifier and a Carefusion Infant Flow LP Generator. We measured the temperature, relative humidity and absolute humidity at the humidification chamber's expiratory port and at the patient's mask.
RESULTS: The absolute humidity at the mask was 35-40 mg H2 O/L at 38-39°C (relative humidity 74-80%) for the invasive mode of the humidifier and 23-27 mg H2 O/L at 34-35°C (relative humidity 63-70%) for the noninvasive mode. The absolute humidities exceeded the recommended values for the invasive mode of the humidifier, but not the noninvasive mode, and could be associated with increased condensation.
CONCLUSION: The absolute humidity delivered by the humidifier in invasive mode could be associated with increased condensation, which has been associated with airway impairment.

PMID: 29723923 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


          

Pindah Kantor Baru, Risman : Untuk Memaksimalkan Pelayanan

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ROKAN HILIR (Riaubernas.Com) - BNI Cabang Pembantu Bagan Siapi Api telah resmi menmpati kantor baru di Jalan Merdeka Bagan Siapi Api pada Rabu (27/11/2019)

Pimpinan BNI Wilayah Padang Risman, menyampaikan bahwa relokasi kantor BNI disamping untuk memaksimalkan layanan masyarakat Bagansiapiapi juga bertujuan antara lain untuk meningkatkan kenyaman bagi nasabah sesuai standar layanan BNI

Risman mengatakan bahwa BNI tidak membeda bedakan kualitas layanan karena memiliki standar tertentu, layanan nasabah baik dikota kecil dan kota besar maupun ibu kota, sehingga layanan BNI Bagansiapiapi dapat berlanjut mencerminkan layanan keseluruhan secara nasional.

"BNI punya standar pelayanan yabg berlaku secara nasional, begitu juga yabg berlaku di Rohil," katanya

Selain permudah layanan, BNI juga memperhatikan kenyaman para pegawai, karena pegawai yang bekerja dengan nyaman diharapkan kualitas layanan custumor lebih dapat ditingkatkan dimasa akan datang hal itu dapat menjadi kebanggaan bagi kota Bagansiapiapi, karena BNI pembantu Bagansiapiapi akan menjadi new light mark tentu cepat berkembang.

"Dengan kantor baru, pegawai kita yang memberikan pelayanab kepada nasabah merasa nyaman, kalau pegawai nyaman maka nasabah akan merasa nyaman berada di kantor BNI," imbuhnya

PT BNI Tbk dengan misi menjadi Bank yang unggul termuka dan terdepan dalam layanan kinerja selalu memberikan layanan prima dan solusi menjadi nilai tambah kepada nasabah dan, berharap agar BNI Selalu menjadi mitra pilihan utama bagi bangsa indonesia khususnya masyarakat Bagansiapiapi

Dalam layanan nasabah, terang Risman BNI hadir dekat dengan masyarakat dengan Outlet dan ATM di 34 provinsi serta 400 kabupaten kota seindonesia, sebanyak 1915 outlet, dan 1833 lokasi ATM

Untuk pelengkapan pelayanan masyarakat, lanjut Risma BNI juga membangun 24 sentral kridet menegah 54 Sentral kredit kecil 112 unit kredit kecil, 12 kredit Custumer diseluruh indonesia

Selain itu, ,BNI juga memiliki Kantor Cabang diluar negeri Seperti London, News York, Tokyo ,Hongkong ,Australia Singapore ,dan Seoul

Masalah jaringan, elektronik, Risman mengatakan BNI memiliki jaringan link dan ATM bersama serta ATM Prima serta Conecting 24 jam siap melayanai masyarakat seluruh indonesia atau melalui Ponsel, Banking, may Banking inter Banking untuk pelayanan dan perbankan agar mudah untuk berkonsultasi serta dilengkapi demi pelayanan kepada masyarakat umum

"Jadi kita ada di mana mana," bebernya

BNI diwilayah Padang areal (Sumbar) dan Riau ,Kepri serta kerinci BNI memiliki 15 outlet cabang, 75 outlet Cabang pembantu ,34 Kartu Card ,6 outlet sentral menegah Custumer dan 137 ATM ,13 Auto Press

Sedangkan Khusus areal provinsi Riau tambahnya, punya 4 Outlet Kacab utama, berada diDumai, Pekan Baru, Rengat, dan tembilahan jumlah 29 oulet Kacab pembantu dengan 7 ATM dan 5 outlet kecil.

Sementara Kacab pembantu BNI Bagansiapiapi dibawah naungan pengelolaan kantor pembantu utama dumai

Selama tiga tahun beroperasi BNI Bagansiapiapi,lanjut dia BNI tumbuh perkembangan memiliki nilai tambah baik hasil nyata berkaloborasi bersama bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi dan stabilitas nasional terciptanya kesejahteraan rakyat khusus di Bagansiapiapi

"Dulu,kita tak bisa menyangkal Bagansiapiapi menyimpan SDA melimpah dan dukungan SDM . BNI terus berupaya semaksimal memberikan andil meningkatkan kesejahteraan Bagansiapiapi dengan melalui dukungan keuangan perbankan serta dukungan semua pihak,"pungkas Risman (Syofyan Rambah)


          

BNI Cabang Bagan Siapiapi Tempati Gedung Baru

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ROKAN HILIR (Riaubernas) - Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) Cabang Pembantu Bagansiapi Api menggelar syukuran pindah kantor, sebelumnya berada di Jalan Aman, saat ini menempati gedung baru di Jalan Merdeka Bagan Siapi Api.

Peresmian kantor cabang batu BNI ini di hadiri oleh Bupati Rokan Hilir H.Suyatno Rabu (27/11/2019) Bagansiapiapi.

Pada kesempatan itu, pihak BNI sekaligus memberikan bantuan Dana CSR kepada Ponpes Al Sunah Rp 20 Juta .Penyerahan Dana CSR oleh Bupati Rohil H.Suyatno disaksikan Pihak BNI dan para Nasabah BNI,

Bupati Rokan Hilir, H.Suyatno mengapresipasi kepada Kantor Cabang Pembantu BNI yang telah membuat gerakan sosial memberikan bantuan kepada ponpes Al -Sunah Rp 20 juta

"Saya harapkan bantuan seperti ini tidak hanya sampai disini tapi terus berlanjut kedepan, dan kepada pihak Ponpes Al -Sunah dan siswa semua agar selalu mendoakan BNI pembantu Bagansiapiapi bertambah nasabahnya," ucapnya

H Suyatno menyindir Bank Mandiri yabg menurutnya hanya mengambil keuntungan dari nasabah di Rokan Hilir, namun minin tanggung jawab sosial saja.

"Sedikitpun mereka (Mandiri red) tidak pernah adanya simpati dan empati, hanya duit saja yang mau, namun tak pernah berbuat gerakan sosial, kalau Bank Riau dan BRI sudah oke,"Bebernya

Orang nomor satu di Rohil ini menganjurkan perbankan beroperasi supaya membuat Gerakan sosial, seperti santunan anak yatim maupun sunat massal kepada masyarakat yang kurang mampu.

"Tanggung jawab sosial kepada masyarakat sekitar adalah kewajiban perusahaan, baik swasta maupun BUMN," tegasnya

Sementara, Pimpinan BNI Wilayah Padang, Risman mengatakan sumbangan CSR disalurkan dibeberapa tempat kota besar maupun kota kecil bahkan tingkat kecamatan, untuk itu dirinya mengajak masyarakat untuk mendoakan laba KUR komersil BNI terus membesar dan menguat, sehingga dapat di salurkan kembali ke masyarakat melalui CSR.

Risman mengatakan bahwa CSR adalah bagian keuntungan laba disisihkan, laba KUR komersil 12 hingga 13 persen, Sedangkan dari tingkatan pertumbahan laba KUR disini (Bagansiapiapi) hanya 6 persen namun upaya terus kita dikembangkan

"Dari laba KUR komersil disisihkan untuk dikembalikan ke masyarakat dalam bentuk bantuan CSR," jelasnya

Selama ini,lanjut Risman pengembangan program KUR untuk kebun rakyat, namun belum banyak mengetahui program KUR, kedepannya diharapkan kepada karyawan BNI disini, wajib mensosialisasikan kepada seluruh masyarakat apa saja bentuk program KUR itu.

"Pengawai BNI wajib melakukan sosialisasi laba KUR komersil agar masyarakat tahu, tidak hanya perkotaan, namun pedesaan juga wajib tahu," Sebut Pimpinan BNI Wilayah Padang Risman (Syofyan Rambah


          

Lazernыe ukazky - sferы prymenenyja y osnovnыe xaraktyrystyky

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Opysanye y prednaznačenye lazera

Lazer эto ustrojstvo, kotoroe preobrazuet svetovuju, teplovuju, xymyčeskuju y эlektryčeskuju эnerhyju v эnerhyju vyda uzkonapravlennoho potoka sveta. Sehodnya v obыčnыx lazerax často vstrečaetsya preobrazovanye prostoj эlektryčeskoj эnerhyy v svetovoe yzlučenye. Naprymer, pry pytanyy ot эlektryčeskoj sety, esly lazer stacyonarnыj. Yly ot batareek, esly lazer otnosytsya k mobyl'nomu vydu. Čašče vseho prymenyaetsya mobyl'nыj lazer, kotorыj pytaetsya ot akkumulyatornoj batarey, esly on očen' moščnыj, yly ot batareek, esly on bol'še otnosytsya k tradycyonnыm vydam lazernыx ustanovok.

Lazer prymenyaetsya v soveršenno raznыx oblastyax. Modely yspol'zujutsya det'my dlya razvlečenyj. Prymenyajutsya specyalystamy v oblasty stroytel'stva y montaža, kohda nado sdelat' remontnыe rabotы po ydeal'no rovnomu urovnyu. Yspol'zuetsya v obučajuščyx celyax v školax, kolledžax, ynstytutax y vuzax, kohda vmesto tradycyonnыx derevyannыx yly plastmassovыx ukazok prybehajut k lazernыm ukazatelyam, čto v razы bezopasnee.

Klassyfykacyja lazerov

Lazerы podrazdelyajutsya na množestvo vydov. Každыj prednaznačen dlya vыpolnenyja svoyx funkcyj. Tak, uslovno možno razdelyt' modely na neskol'ko obščyx hrupp po:

  • Moščnosty;
  • Celyax prymenenyja;
  • Vыxodyaščemu cvetu;
  • Dlyne volnы.

Každaja yz hrupp takže ymeet svoju podrazdelы. Esly rassmatryvat' lazerы po moščnosty, to modely bыvajut ot mynymal'nыx 20 mV do 50.000 mV. Dlya kompaktnыx lazerov, kotorыe prednaznačenы dlya bыtovoho naznačenyja, podojdut modely maloj moščnosty, tak kak bol'šye budut osleplyat'. Esly že vыbyrajutsya promыšlennыe lazerы, to otdavajte predpočtenye bolee moščnыm ustanovkam.

Po celyam prymenenyem lazerы delyatsya na ukazky, breloky, fokusyruemыe, moduly, lazernыe ustanovky, prezenterы, urovny, sverxmoščnыe lazerы y lazernыe prycelы. Lazerы-ukazky prymenyajutsya po bol'šej časty v obrazovatel'nыx celyax. Naprymer, kohda nado pokazat' opredelёnnoe mesto na doske, tablo, konkretnoj zone. Breloky prymenyajutsya bol'še v dekoratyvnыx celyax, často dlya razvlečenyj. Lazernыe ustanovky yspol'zujutsya dlya specyalyzyrovannыx zadač. Naprymer, sozdanyja lazernoho polya, oblasty dlya navedenyja. Lazernыe urovny prednaznačenы dlya montažnыx, remontnыx, stroytel'nыx rabot, čtobы ukazat' konkretnыj rovnыj uroven', ne prybehaja k ručkam, karandašam y lynejke. Sverxmoščnыe lazerы y lazernыe prycelы prymenyajutsya dlya vыpolnenyja specyalyzyrovannыx funkcyj. Naprymer, dlya osleplenyja v voennыx celyax y fokusyrovanyja na cely.

Cvet lazera takže bыvaet raznыj. Ustanovky svetyat synym, fyoletovыm, krasnыm, zelёnыm, holubыm, ynfrakrasnыm y druhymy cvetamy. Takže, vozmožnы varyantы sozdanyja mnohocvetnoho luča, s pomošč'ju neskol'kyx nasadok.

Lazerы otlyčajutsya y po dlyne volnы. Kak pravylo, čem moščnee lazer, tem dlynnee dlyna volnы. Na эtot pokazatel' stoyt obraščat' vnymanye v slučajax, kohda nado dostat' lazernыm lučom do konkretnoj cely.


          

NASA pokazaly novыj snymok Jupytera

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Mežplanetnaja stancyja "Junona", peredala na Zemlyu novoe yzobraženye planetы Jupyter.

Fotohrafyja bыla sdelana srazu posle sblyženyja s planetoj 3 nojabrya, soobščaet NASA.

V moment polučenyja snymka, stancyja naxodylas' na rasstojanyy 104,6 tыsyačy kylometrov ot pyka oblakov Jupytera.

Apparat snyal južnoe polušarye Jupytera. Na foto vydnы moščnыe cyklonы vozle polyusa y oblast' xaotyčnыx oblakov, raspolahajuščajasya meždu oranževoj polosoj y polyarnыm rehyonom.

ČYTAJTE TAKŽE: Učenыe NASA obnaružyly neožydannuju naxodku na meteorytax

Mežplanetnaja stancyja"Junona" prybыla na orbytu Jupytera 4 yjulya 2016 hoda. Ona probudet na orbyte planetы ešče neskol'ko let y budet peredavat' na zemlyu novыe snymky. Posle zaveršenyja rabotы zond budet unyčtožen.


          

Nasadka na kran эkonomyt den'hy

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- Ran'še snymaly kvartyru, - vspomynaet žytel'nyca Čerkass 34-letnyaja Zoja Berezenko. - Sčetčykov na vodu ne bыlo, poэtomu ne эkonomyly. Vesnoj pereexaly v sobstvennuju. V pervыe mesyacы nakručyvaly po 10 "kubov" xolodnoj y horyačej vodы.

Ženščyna dlya эkonomyy ustanovyla na kranы nasadky-aэratorы.

- Ustrojstvo lehko krepytsya k kranu, - obъjasnyaet santexnyk 63-letnyj Hryhoryj Ščerbatyuk yz Čerkass. - Zatyahyvaet čerez otverstye vozdux, smešyvaet eho s vodoj. Na vыxode tečet voda s vozduxom, no bol'šeho davlenyja. Možno sэkonomyt' do 80 procentov. Neudobstva ne počuvstvuete.

V zavysymosty ot velyčynы, aэratorы propuskajut raznoe kolyčestvo vodы.

- Samыe bol'šye - 8 lytrov v mynutu. Dlya kuxny lučše brat' so srednej proxodymost'ju, do 5 lytrov. Dlya maksymal'noj эkonomyy berut moščnost'ju 3 lytra. Obespečyvaet razlyčnыe režymы podačy - duš, lejka.

Nasadky bыvajut mexanyčeskye y avtomatyčeskye.

- Samыe dorohye pokazыvajut temperaturu vodы, ymejut sensornoe vklyučenye, - hovoryt Hryhoryj Ščerbatyuk. - Vklyučajutsya avtomatyčesky, kohda podstavyt' ruku. Vыklyučajutsya, esly pod kranom net dvyženyja. Samыe dorohye, odnako bol'še vseho эkonomyat.

Sovetuet brat' aэratorы yz neržavejuščej staly.

- Stojat ot 70 do 300 hryven, no proslužat dolho, - dobavlyaet. - V mahazyne poynteresujtes' sertyfykatom kačestva. Dlya maksymal'noj эkonomyy aэratorы sleduet stavyt' na vse kranы.


          

Parket mojut xolodnoj vodoj

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Odessytka 42-letnyaja Maryna Ypatenko rabotaet v kompanyy, kotoraja delaet kompleksnыe uborky v domax y kvartyrax. Sovetuet, kak uxažyvat' za parketom.

- Parket vыhlyadyt doroho y bohato, no nuždaetsya v uxode. Esly ne znat' osobennostej, krasotu možno svesty na net, - hovoryt.

Bezopasnee očyščat' parket pыlesosom. Yspol'zovat' nasadku s vorsom. Plastykovaja carapaet pokrыtye.

- Samaja bol'šaja uhroza - voda. Vo vremya vlažnoj uborky tryapku sleduet xorošo vыkručyvat'. Dolžna bыt' čut' vlažnaja. Ot mokroj dosky naberutsya vodы, pocvetut y vzdujutsya. Vodu berut xolodnuju. Horyačaja portyt parketnыj lak y samu drevesynu.

Dlya mыt'ja nelakyrovannoho parketa v vodu dobavlyajut hlyceryn - 1 st. l. na 200 ml vodы.

- Snačala nado proveryt' parket na nalyčye hlubokyx carapyn y melkyx treščyn, - hovoryt Maryna Ypatenko. - Bol'šye zatyrajut specyal'noj špatlevkoj sootvetstvujuščeho cveta. Možno brat' zamazku na osnove stolyarnoho kleja y opylok. Melkye zatyrajut voskovыm karandašom. Posle nanesenyja ostatky ubyrajut rezynovыm špatelem y polyrujut poverxnost' myahkoj tryapkoj.

Dvaždы v mesyac natyrajut vodoottalkyvajuščym sredstvom.

- On sozdaet zaščytnыj sloj, - prodolžaet. - Esly čto-to prolyetsya, vreda ne budet. Эto sredstvo zaščytyt takže ot styranyja y carapyn.

Esly na parkete stoyt mebel', na nožky snyzu nakleyvajut vojločnыe nakladky. Ony umen'šajut davlenye na poverxnost' y uberehut ot carapyn pry peredvyženyy.

- Xodyt' v ulyčnoj obuvy po parketu nel'zya. Podošva y pesok carapajut poverxnost'. Domašnye tapočky vыbyrajut s myahkoj podošvoj, - dobavlyaet Maryna Ypatenko.

Derevyannыj pol zaščyščajut voskom

- Vo vsex komnatax u menya parket, - hovoryt 29-letnyaja Elyzaveta Hončaruk yz Zaporož'ja. - Vыhlyadyt lučše novoho, potomu čto neskol'ko raz v hod polyruju eho.

Smes' hotovyt yz pčelynoho voska y olyvkovoho masla. Komponentы hypoallerhennы, podxodyat dlya detskoj.

4 st. l. yzmel'čennoho v krošku pčelynoho voska smešyvaet so stakanom olyvkovoho masla. Peremešyvaet, stavyt na vodyanuju banyu. Kohda vosk rastvoryaetsya, snymaet. Ešče raz peremešyvaet.

- Snačala očyščaju pol. Zamazыvaju treščynы, skolы, - hovoryt. - Šlyfuju poverxnost'. Smes' nanošu hubkoj, tonkym sloem. Ostavlyaju na 10 mynut, čtobы propytalas'.

Myahkoj tryapkoj udalyaju ostatky sredstva. Polyruju. Ostavlyaju na 12 časov. Na sledujuščyj den' nanošu vtoroj sloj. Mazky delaju perpendykulyarno k pervomu sloju. Daju 5 myn. propytat'sya y polyruju vtoroj raz.


          

Snoopy in space again

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There’s a Snoopy in space right now! #AstronautSnoopy is floating in the Thanksgiving Day Parade and in space! Watch him aboard the @Space_Station with @nasa Astronauts @Astro_Christina and @Astro_Jessica. pic.twitter.com/XEAJ7X3HRu — PEANUTS (@Snoopy) November 28, 2019 (If you’re getting this through email and can’t play the video, click here.)
          

Видео: Исследователи NASA обнаружили на спутнике Юпитера водяной пар

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Ежегодно специалисты, работающие с космосом, находят любопытные детали жизни в бесконечном пространстве
          

Comparison of Treatment Outcome and Stability Between Distraction Osteogenesis and LeFort I Osteotomy in Cleft Patients With Maxillary Hypoplasia

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imageThe purpose of this study was to compare treatment outcome and relapse between maxillary advancement surgery with LeFort I osteotomy and maxillary distraction osteogenesis in patients with cleft lip and palate with maxillary hypoplasia. The sample consisted of a maxillary advancement surgery with LeFort I osteotomy group (group 1, N= 14, mean age, 21.7 years) and a maxillary distraction osteogenesis group (group 2, N = 11, mean age, 16.3 years). Lateral cephalograms were taken and traced at presurgery (T0), postsurgery (T1), and postretention (T2). Nine hard and four soft tissue cephalometric variables were measured. Differences in measurements at each stage, treatment outcome (T1-T0), and relapse (T2-T1) were compared between groups with independent t test. Because the amount of surgical movement could affect the amount of relapse, a difference in relapse between two groups was compared by analysis of covariance with the amount of surgical movement as a covariant. Although the amounts of forward movements of A point (P < 0.01), upper incisor (P < 0.001), and upper lip (P < 0.001) during T1-T0 were greater in group 2, there were no significant differences in the amounts of relapse (T2-T1) between the two groups. During T1-T0, counterclockwise rotation of the palatal plane was observed in group 2 as a result of downward movement of posterior nasal spine (PNS) at T1, whereas group 1 had clockwise rotation of palatal plane at T1 because of downward movement of anterior nasal spine (ANS). The amounts of relapse (T2-T1) in vertical movements of PNS and upper incisor were significantly different between the two groups (P < 0.05). The amount of required maxillary advancement, vector control of palatal plane, and vertical position of upper incisor would be important factors when planning a surgical treatment in patients with cleft lip and palate with midface hypoplasia.
          

Nasolabial Changes Following Double Jaw Surgery

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imageBackground: This study aimed to analyze 3-dimensional nasolabial soft tissue changes following double jaw surgery with Le Fort I maxillary advancement and relate them to underlying surgical movements. Methods: Pre- and post-surgical cone-beam computed tomography images of 37 maxillomandibular surgery patients with ≥2 mm of advancement at A-point were analyzed. Lateral cephalograms were constructed to determine horizontal and vertical surgical movements and 3-dimensional facial images were created from the CBCTs to calculate linear and angular changes. Results: Alar base width increased 1.9 mm, nasal tip protrusion decreased 0.74 mm, the upper lip flattened 7.71 degree and increased 0.9 mm in length, nasal tip was displaced 2.47 mm superiorly causing an increased concavity of 5.52 degree for the overall dorsal surface and 3.99 degree at the supratip break angle (SBA), nasal tip angle decreased 2.16 degree and nasolabial angle decreased 7.37 degree. Correlations were found between underlying surgical movements and nasal tip protrusion, SBA, nasolabial angle (NLA), and nasal tip elevation (NTE). Multiple linear regression equations were calculated to predict changes in SBA from horizontal change at A-point, NLA from horizontal change at B-point, and NTE from the change at A-point horizontally and U1-tip vertically. Conclusion: Double jaw surgery with maxillary advancement has significant effects on nasolabial anatomy.
          

Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Kostas Fragogiannis’ speech at the 8th Business Forum of the Arab-Hellenic Chamber of Commerce (Athens, 27 November 2019)

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“Ladies and Gentlemen,Welcome to Athens and to the 8th Business Forum of the Arab-Hellenic Chamber of Commerce. Your presence here is a clear statement of our countries’ interest in moving ahead together on the path of dialogue and economic cooperation. Across the millennia, Greece’s strategic geographical position in the Eastern Mediterranean has secured for it a privileged relationship with the Arab world. This relationship served as a bridge of communication between the East and West, North and South, encouraging exchanges and interactions that facilitated dialogue and led to our building strong ties of friendship and cooperation.From the very outset, economy and trade were at the centre of the history of this special relationship, as attested to by a multitude of archaeological finds. This trade tradition continues in our day, with economic cooperation progressing constantly and clear prospects for very dynamic development in the future.Ladies and Gentlemen,The government elected this past July has a clear investment-friendly profile. One of the first reforms instituted by the Mitsotakis government in the sector of international economic relations and enhancement of the country’s openness was manifested in the upgraded role of Economic Diplomacy in the new architecture of the government.All of the state services and agencies focused on openness and attracting foreign direct investments have now been moved to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and operate under one roof. A few weeks ago, we passed the bill transforming Enterprise Greece into an open, modern and dynamic structure that contributes to the country’s economic, social and environmental development. Enterprise Greece, through the Commercial Sections of the Greek Diplomatic Missions abroad, now has ‘antennas’ throughout the world that contribute substantially to implementing its actions and targets. Also, of vital importance is the Greek government’s initiative for adopting structural and fiscal reforms aimed at encouraging investment activity by streamlining the relevant procedures. We are already seeing the first positive results. For the first time, Greece borrowed treasury bills at negative interest – fiscal responsibility and a lighter tax burden are creating new investment opportunities. In this way, Greece is reasserting itself on the international investment map, including the investment map of Arab countries, as a fertile ground for business opportunities and – of particular importance now – a country of low political risk.  I will mention a few examples of recent successes: •    In the tourism sector, the regional council of the South Aegean has already approved the plan for the “Mykonos Project”. A €50 million hotel investment from Abu Dhabi and Kuwait’s “AGC”. •     In the agrifood sector, the “Amerra Capital” and “Mubadala Investment Company” groups have already invested in the critical sector of aquaculture, through the company “Andromeda”. Up for approval from the Competition Commission is the merger of the companies “Selonta” and “Nireus” under the Andromeda group. •    In Crete, just a few weeks ago, the green light was given for an iconic project on the island of Crete: A solar thermal power station that includes construction of a central concentrated solar power (CSP) tower using molten salt storage technology, which will cover 10% of the island’s needs. Looking forward, Greece is implementing an extensive privatisation programme. Greek-Arab cooperation is welcome in this sector as well. •    The privatisation of Athens International Airport – Eleftherios Venizelos – is already in its early stages, and very soon the concessions will be awarded for operation of 10 regional ports until 2042. •    A public-private partnership is opening the way for development of another 23 regional airports and concession of seven major marinas to private companies. •    A 24% stake in the Thessaloniki Water Supply and Sewerage Company (EYATH) will also be made available to private investors. Ladies and Gentlemen,In the unstable environment of the current global economic state of affairs, there is a need to capitalise fully on all potential for further development of economic cooperation, in such a way that the excellent level of political relations is also reflected in economic relations. Recently, Prime Minister Mitsotakis presented a plan for complete elimination of lignite from Greece’s energy mix by 2028. I take the opportunity of today’s event to invite you, too, to take part in this vital initiative. The six-year investment (2019-2025) will exceed €20 billion. Two major projects are being promoted in Northern Greece. The depleted natural gas deposit in Kavala is now being converted into an underground gas storage facility, with a budget of €240 million. An LNG gasification plant is being built in Alexandroupoli, requiring capital of close to €400 million. In the renewable energy sources sector we are promoting: •    a hydroelectric storage complex in Amfilochia, with a capacity of 680 MW and a budget of €500 million. •    a hybrid complex in Sitia and Rethymno that will combine wind and hydroelectric energy. It will generate 304 MW annually and absorb €280 million in capital. •    At the same time, private energy initiative – wind parks, photovoltaic parks and hydroelectric projects – are at €4.2 billion, with the aim of providing over 2,300 MW of new power. Ladies and Gentlemen,The longstanding interaction between Greece and the Arab world – and by extension, between Arab countries and Europe – has always promoted stability and peace. In our day, the challenges emerging in the context of increasing geopolitical instability are complex and require joint and coordinated solutions. Based on the increasing dynamic governing Euro-Arab and, specifically, Greek-Arab relations, we are convinced that we will succeed in responding to these challenges in a spirit of innovation and resolve. Through the economic cooperation at the center of this dynamic, we hope to bring to pass the joint development effort for the countries and peoples of Europe and the Arab countries. Having overcome the painful economic crisis of recent years, Greece guarantees its continued role as a bridge of understanding between Europe and the Arab states, with a sense of responsibility and with the will and faith required to perform the task entailed by this role. "
          

Anxiolysis for Pediatric Laceration Repair - Is Atomized Intranasal Administration of Midazolam an Effective Alternative to Oral Administration?

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Abstract

Pediatric patients frequently present to the emergency department with lacerations that need repairing through some interventional process, such as suturing. Young children present added challenges to clinicians that include being frightened, an inability to deal with painful procedures, and difficulty remaining still. As a result, papoose boards were commonly used to physically restrain young children for minor procedures in the emergency department.4 Pediatric emergency room providers make use of multiple modalities to aid in minimizing these challenges. Most providers apply LET (lidocaine, epinephrine, tetracaine) gel to the wound while the patient is waiting for care, to reduce pain when the clinician proceeds with the wound examination.5 The laceration may also need to have lidocaine infiltrated into the wound for supplementary anesthesia before repair. Some departments make use of child life specialists to help with instruction, distraction, and to reduce patient anxiety alone or in conjunction with medications for procedural sedation.6 Some providers in emergency departments use Ketamine for procedural sedation, and others use benzodiazepines such as midazolam alone, or in combination with the previously mentioned modalities to help with anxiolysis.2

Clinicians decide which interventions to use for anxiolysis during emergency department procedures, such as laceration repair, on a case-by-case basis; although they may have personal preferences, they should consider which of the hospital approved methods of administration would provide the patient with the best possible outcome when using midazolam. Clinicians use Midazolam for the induction of anesthesia, the management of acute seizures, and anxiolysis for minor procedures.1 Midazolam administration can be through oral, intranasal, buccal, intravenous, intramuscular, and rectal routes.1 Most often, emergency departments use oral or intranasal midazolam for anxiolysis during minor procedures.2,3 The efficacy of intranasal midazolam for anxiolysis in pediatric patients undergoing laceration repairs compared to oral midazolam depends on multiple factors. This paper describes the current state of the evidence regarding the use of intranasal midazolam in pediatric patients requiring laceration repair.

References

  1. Lingamchetty T, Saadabadi A. Midazolam. Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537321/. Published 2019.
  2. Mellion S, Bourne D, Brou L et al. Evaluating Clinical Effectiveness and Pharmacokinetic Profile of Atomized Intranasal Midazolam in Children Undergoing Laceration Repair. J Emerg Med. 2017;53(3):397-404. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2017.05.029
  3. Neuman G, Swed Tobia R, Koren L, Leiba R, Shavit I. Single dose oral midazolam for minor emergency department procedures in children: a retrospective cohort study. J Pain Res. 2018;Volume 11:319-324. doi:10.2147/jpr.s156080
  4. Brown J, Klein E. The “Superhero Cape Burrito”: A Simple and Comfortable Method of Short-term Procedural Restraint. J Emerg Med. 2011;41(1):74-76. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2010.11.024
  5. Sherman J, Sheppard P, Hoppa E, Krief W, Avarello J. Let Us Use LET. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016;32(7):440-443. doi:10.1097/pec.0000000000000276
  6. Hall J, Patel D, Thomas J, Richards C, Rogers P, Pruitt C. Certified Child Life Specialists Lessen Emotional Distress of Children Undergoing Laceration Repair in the Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018:1. doi:10.1097/pec.0000000000001559


          

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Overview and Discussion of Inpatient Management

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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects a predicted 22 million people in the United States with 80% of moderate to severe cases being undiagnosed.1 It has been shown that uncontrolled OSA can have an effect on cardiovascular health, specifically heart failure and recurrence of atrial fibrillation, as well as daytime alertness and quality of life.1,2 Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the primary treatment for OSA; CPAP is a nasally applied device that provides constant positive pressure that keeps the upper airway open while an individual is sleeping.3 Compliance with CPAP is a continuous battle medical providers fight, and many patients opt not to wear their CPAP complaining about comfort and convenience.4OSA is a national health epidemic; therefore, it is important to risk stratify patients while they are admitted in the hospital. Whether the hospital admission be for cardiovascular problems or not, if a person fits the demographics or voices a concern for having sleep apnea, health providers need to consult an inpatient sleep service or provide patient with an outpatient follow-up appointment. Addressing patients with sleep concerns who may be experiencing OSA while they are in the hospital helps to further treat a health issue that can affect the larger picture of a patient’s health. OSA control can help prevent exacerbations of further health issues and keep patients out of the hospital.

Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea, cardiovascular, continuous positive airway pressure


          

Low-Dose Ketamine Versus Opioids For Analgesia: Efficacy and Safety

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Every year approximately 140 million people will seek care in an Emergency Department (ED) in the US alone. Patients seek care for a variety of medical reasons, but the most common chief complaint in the Emergency Department is pain.Many of these patients will need definitive pain management to manage their pain. Traditionally, patients have received parenteral opioid pain medication such as Morphine, Fentanyl, or Dilaudid. However, these medications have a potentially serious side effect profile, including potent vasodilation, respiratory depression, myoclonus, nausea and vomiting, sedation, as well as addictive properties. That side effect profile may potentially cause serious deleterious effects for patients in both the immediate care setting of the Emergency Department as well as the long-term consequences once discharged. In fact, the Joint Commission released a sentinel event alert in 2012, which stated that the opioid medications had the highest incidence of adverse effects of all medication classes. The questions providers must ask, is there another medication that can manage patients’ pain with fewer side effects? One such medication might be sub-dissociative dosing/low-dose (LDK) ketamine.

After a review of the literature, the results show that patients may safely receive Ketamine in any of the medication administration forms, IV, IM, or Intranasally. Furthermore, LDK protocols may either set a standardized dose for adults of 10-15 mg or use a weight-based formula. The most common dosing for weight-based dosing was 0.3 mg/kg, but providers may increase dosing to 0.5 mg/kg. All result with good analgesia and no reported life-threatening outcomes. LDK also appears to have a short analgesic effect. Most studies show maximum effect within 15-30 minutes of administration. Based on the drug literature, as well as study results, it appears that Ketamine should be able to be repeated within 30 min to 1 hour of administration with no deleterious effect. LDK would be recommended for most acute pain complaints in the ED as there was no significant difference in findings across the different etiologies of pain complaints that were treated in the cases. One note of caution with cardiac chest pain should be noted. Ketamine has no vasodilative properties. As morphine does exhibit these properties, it is not recommended that LDK replace morphine in “Morphine, Oxygen, Nitro, Aspirin” type chest pain protocols. Pending further human studies, caution would be advised on the use of LDK for the use in the pregnant and breastfeeding female.


          

Best Memory Foam Mattress

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A memory foam mattress provides a warm feeling when you lie on your bed. But not all memory foam beds are equal. How do you know which one is right for you? Read this guide to help you decide.

What Is Memory Foam?

What started as a substance developed by NASA has become the go-to material for comfortable mattresses. Memory foam, or viscoelastic, conforms to your body's shape when you lie down.

The memory foam's contouring protects your pressure points, no matter which sleeping position you favor. Best of all, the mattress firms back up to its usual shape a few seconds after you get up.

Read on for our list of the top memory foam beds for every need.

What Is the Best Thickness for a Memory Foam Mattress?
The best memory foam thickness depends on personal preference. The thicker the mattress, the softer it will feel. If you want a combination of cushioning comfort with firm support, an 8-inch mattress may suffice. If you prefer that completely enveloped feeling, you may opt for a 10- or 12-inch thickness.

Best Memory Foam Mattress for Side Sleepers: Leesa

A memory foam mattress is perfect for side sleepers. The Leesa Mattress offers medium firmness and evenly distributed weight. It is made with three layers of foam, including high-density foam.

The Leesa features:

  • Spinal alignment and body balance perfect for side sleepers

  • Microcell structure foam that allows for breathability, keeping your temperature down at night

  • Pressure relief on your shoulders and hips when sleeping on your side

  • No motion transfer to make it easier to sleep without disturbance

  • Just the right level of firmness to suit even combination sleepers

Leesa offers free shipping throughout the United States. They also have stores throughout the country to test out the beds in person. They offer a 100-night trial period and free shipping.

Is Memory Foam or Gel Foam Better?
Memory foam or gel-infused memory foam both offer a comforting sleep. If you sleep hot or don't like to feel "stuck" in your mattress, you may prefer gel-infused foam. This material has a bit more spring to it and stays cooler.

Best Memory Foam Mattress for Stomach Sleepers: Brooklyn Bedding

Stomach sleepers need a firm surface to keep their hips and shoulders from sinking. Otherwise, they may suffer spinal misalignment and back pain.

The Plank by Brooklyn Bedding offers two firmness levels in one mattress: firm and extra firm. But it still provides the comfort of memory foam.

The Plank offers:

  • One-inch layer of gel memory foam to keep you cool while you sleep

  • Two-inch layer of firm foam to provide compression support without sinking into the mattress

  • 7 inches of high-density foam as a stable and firm base for stomach sleepers

  • An optional cooling panel for both sides of the mattress to enhance temperature regulation

  • Foam construction to reduce noise while moving on the bed as well as any motion transfer

The Plank mattress comes with a 120-night trial period, a 10-year warranty, and free shipping throughout the United States.

Best Memory Foam Mattress for Back Sleepers: Nest Alexander Signature Hybrid

Back sleepers need the firmest support in order to keep the spine aligned. If you want the comfort of memory foam but the stability of an innerspring mattress, the Nest Alexander Signature Hybrid offers the best of both worlds.

This mattress offers:

  • Eight inches of pocketed coils for stable support of your back

  • A one-inch layer of three-pound support foam with a built-in airflow system

  • A three-inch layer of 3.5-pound temperature-controlled foam

  • A top layer of 4-pound gel memory foam for even more temperature control

  • A medium level of firmness with the comfort of contouring memory foam

The Alexander Signature mattress is CertiPUR-US-certified. You can view Nest mattresses in their showrooms throughout the United States or order the mattress online.

They offer a 100-night trial. If you don't love it, Nest professionals will work with you to find another option. Nest also offers a lifetime warranty on its mattresses.

Memory foam mattresses last about as long as an innerspring mattress—8 to 10 years. The exact lifespan depends on how well you care for it. Regularly cleaning and rotating your mattress can extend its life.

Best Memory Foam Mattress for Heavy Side Sleepers: WinkBed Plus

Heavy side sleepers need both body contouring and strong support. The WinkBed Plus has cushioning that protects your pressure points, while the base support keeps your spine aligned.

Here are some other perks:

  • Individually wrapped coils with targeted support zones to protect your back

  • Superior edge support for more sleeping space and protection

  • Gel-infused foam to keep your body cool by wicking away the heat

  • A cooling Tencel cover made from eucalyptus for soft comfort and a lower temperature

  • Medium firmness offering side sleepers support without feeling too rigid

WinkBed offers free shipping throughout the United States and a 120-night trial period. The mattresses also have a lifetime warranty.

Best Memory Foam Mattress for Hot Sleepers: Casper

Many memory foam mattresses get too hot from a lack of air circulation. The Casper Mattress gives you contouring memory foam while staying cool. You can expect the following benefits:

  • Open-cell foam structure for maximum breathability

  • Pressure-relieving foam to give your joints a break

  • Zoned support to provide pressure relief to your back, shoulders, and hips

  • Individual coils to maximize breathability

  • CertiPUR-US foams, which means fewer chemicals and off-gassing

Casper offers a 100-night trial period with a full money-back guarantee. They offer free shipping and returns and a 10-year limited warranty.

Do You Need a Box Spring With a Memory Foam Mattress
You don't necessarily need a box spring for a memory foam mattress. But some type of base is required for stability. If you have a metal bed frame, then you need a box spring. If you have a platform or wooden slat bed, then you can skip it.

Other Memory Foam Mattresses to Consider

Best for Combination Sleepers: Layla
The Layla mattress suits any type of sleeper. It offers a soft, but supportive, surface with copper-gel particles. The particles keep the mattress cool, but also provide push-back resistance in the areas you need it most. The most unique aspect? You can adjust the firmness by flipping it—one side is soft and the other firm.

Best Memory Foam Mattress for Back Pain: Amerisleep AS2
The Amerisleep AS2 mattress contains transition foam that creates comfort zones for your back. The plant-based foam keeps its shape, reducing the sagging that causes back pain. Its open-cell structure keeps the mattress cool, and the medium firmness provides the support your back needs.

Best Memory Foam Mattress for Under $500: Zinus Pressure Relief Memory Foam Cloud
The Zinus Pressure Relief Memory Foam Cloud mattress has plush memory foam, a microfiber top, and a variety of thickness options. Viscoelastic foam provides the cushioning comfort you expect out of a memory foam mattress.

What to Look for in a Memory Foam Mattress

You'll have several decisions to make before choosing a memory foam bed. Read on for everything you need to know.

Types of Memory Foam

  • Traditional
    This memory foam contours your body, helping to increase circulation and reduce stress on your pressure points. Traditional memory foam does retain heat, though. It can be trouble for hot sleepers.

  • Open-Cell Memory Foam
    Open-cell memory foam doesn't sink in quite as much as traditional memory foam. But it has better airflow, which helps keep you cooler while you sleep.

  • Gel Memory Foam
    If you are a hot sleeper, try this combination of gel and memory foam. The gel allows for more airflow than other memory foam options, which can keep you cooler.

Other Considerations

  • Foam Density
    The heavier the foam per square foot, the more durable the mattress. Some memory foam mattresses only have heavier foam in the first layer, not disbursed throughout. High-density foam should be 5 lbs per square foot, at a minimum.

  • ILD Rating
    The Indentation Load Deflection measures the material's resistance. A low ILD provides a soft memory foam surface. A high ILD provides more resistance, which provides back and pressure point support. At least one layer of a memory foam mattress should have an ILD of 20 or more.

  • Top Layer Materials
    Memory foam on its own gets hot. Many mattresses come with additional top layers that include cooling technology. If you sleep hot, this is crucial.

  • Hypoallergenic or Antimicrobial Materials
    Dust mites, germs, and chemicals can lurk in your mattress. Know the mattress' materials and look for mattresses that are CertiPUR-US-certified.

Bottom Line

Before you buy a memory foam mattress, know what it's made of. Hot sleepers, stomach sleepers, and back sleepers may need a combination bed rather than straight memory foam.

Always choose a mattress with a generous trial period to allow enough time for you to make a decision.

Best Memory Foam Mattress appeared first on CreditDonkey


          

Drony jako ptáci

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Dron se nemusí vyznačovat jen vrtulemi, je i silná snaha vyvinout bezpilotní prostředky létající na jiných principech. Patří mezi ně především ornitoptéry - stroje s mávavými křídly napodobující ptačí let. Důvodů pro jejich vývoj je mnoho; od leteckých schopností ptáků, na které letadla s pevným křídlem nemají, až po nenápadnost vyplývající z podoby s opeřenci.

Tvorové létající pomocí mávavých křídel umí celou řadu věcí, o nichž se letadlům může jen zdát: k dopřednému pohybu i vytváření vztlaku používají jen jednu plochu (tedy nikoliv křídlo a pohon zvlášť), dokáží svisle odstartovat, plynule přejít do horizontálního letu a stejně snadno i svisle přistát - a v neposlední řadě to vše dělají s poměrně malou spotřebou: let ornitoptéry je údajně až třikrát energeticky efektivnější než je tomu u klasického letadla. A ještě ke všemu létají tiše a nenápadně, což se může hodit v celé řadě uplatnění.

 

Pták - slepice - netopýr

O nesnadnosti sestrojit na principu ornitoptéry letadlo, které by uneslo člověka, se přesvědčil už bájný Ikaros - a přesvědčují se o tom konstruktéři dodnes. Důvodů je několik. Mezi prvními je velká setrvačná hmota křídla potřebných rozměrů; ostatně ne náhodou ani největší ptáci nemají tělo tak velké a těžké jako člověk. Ze stejných důvodů velcí ptáci více plachtí než mávají křídly. Také složité pohyby křídel při manévrování kladou na konstrukci velkého stroje těžko splnitelní nároky. K dalším důvodům patří obtížné ovládání mávavého křídla a komplikovaná stabilizace letu ve všech režimech. Ptačí mozek v tomto ohledu stále ještě vysoce přesahuje schopnosti lidských počítačů.

Snahy sestrojit prakticky použitelné pilotované letadlo s mávavými křídly proto nejspíš navždy zůstanou okrajovou záležitostí pro konstruktérské výstředníky. Přesto zájem o ornitoptéry poslední dobou roste, protože tento druh letu je velmi perspektivní pro malé dálkově ovládané stroje. Ty nejmenší napodobující hmyz si necháme do jiného článku a zatím se podíváme na drony s mávavými křídly inspirované ptáky, kterých poslední dobou rychle přibývá.

Označení této kategorie letadel vzniklo ze starořeckého slova ornis, což znamená pták - a není bez zajímavosti, že sice přešlo do novořečtiny v jen málo změněné podobě (ornithu), ale dnes jde o výraz pro slepici. Není to tak docela nepřípadné, protože i letecké schopnosti ornitoptér donedávna připomínaly spíš kura domácího. Můžete se o tom snadno přesvědčit sami, protože hraček nebo modelů ornitoptér je na trhu hodně, včetně těch nejjednodušších na gumový pohon (viz obrázek nad mezititulkem). Problém totiž není ani tak let sám, jako jeho ovládání.

Také proto se někteří konstruktéři místo u ptáků inspirují spíš u netopýrů, kde je opisování od přírody přece jen snazší. A jak je v pokročilém inženýrství zvykem, také v oboru dálkově řízených strojů s mávavými křídly razila cestu armáda.

 

Armáda má zájem

Létání potichu a ještě ke všemu potmě je pro netopýra samozřejmostí - a vojáci by to chtěli umět taky. Už roku 2009 tak začali konstruktéři z University of Michigan College of Engeneering vyvíjet bezpilotní letoun COM-BAT okopírovaný podle vzoru netopýra. Podrobněji jsme se mu věnovali zde.

Roku 2017 představili vědci z Caltech a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign dalšího umělého netopýra s názvem Bat Bot. I když létal velmi pěkně, autoři skromě připustili, že za svým vzorem ještě zaostává: "Poslouží nám především k detailnímu pochopení toho, jak okřídlení savci létají".

Americké ozbrojené složky si od opisování od přírody hodně slibují. Příkladem může být třeba stroj podobný kolibříkovi, na jehož vývoj dostala firma Aerovironment štědrou dotaci od Agentury pro pokročilý obranný výzkum (DARPA). Vidíte ho na obrázku v titulu článku. Od roku 2013 pamatuje rozpočet US AirForce i dalších vojenských složek několika miliony dolarů pro vývoj neortodoxních pohonů dronů, přičemž ornitoptéry jsou na prvním místě. Z tohoto zájmu nyní žije celá řada vývojových pracovišť na universitách i v soukromých firmách.

 

Dohled nad letišti

O drony s mávavými křídly se zajímá i civilní sektor. Několik firem například vyvíjí robotické ptáky - drony, jejichž vzhled napodobuje dravce a má tak zahánět ostatní ptáky od letištních ploch, kde představují velké nebezpečí pro startující a přistávající letadla. Jednou z techto firem je nizozemská startupová společnost Clear Flight Solutions, která za tímto účelem obdržela 1,6 milionu eur od Cottonwood Euro Technology Fund zaměřeného na investování do pokročilých technologií. Výsledkem je létající stroj Robobird podobný sokolovi. I v tomto případě jde o ornitoptéru poháněnou mávavými křídly napodobujícími let ptáků.

"Jde o velmi složitý pohyb v trojrozměrném prostoru, což předpokládá vyřešení celé řady problémů," konstatuje zakladatel firmy sedmadvacetiletý Nico Nijenhuis. "Z vědeckého hlediska pořád ještě letu ptáků úplně nerozumíme. Dokud se křídla nehýbou, je vše jasné, ale jakmile přejdeme do mávavého pohybu, máme problémy."

Nico Nijenhuins současně vysvětluje, proč stejnou úlohu nemůže zastat obyčejný dálkově řízený model letadla nebo dron: "Důležitá je silueta a způsob letu napodobující obávaného dravce. Jen tak to zapůsobí na ptačí instinkt k útěku. Na všechno ostatní si zvyknou a nic si z toho nedělají." Trup Robobirda vyrobený z velmi pevného nylonového kompozitu metodou 3D tisku proto dokonale napodobuje i zbarvení skutečného sokola.

Ne všichni ptáci se ale svých mechanických kolegů bojí. Když vědci z Centra pro robotiku University of Maryland testovali svého umělého krkavce Raven Robo, napadl ho jestřáb.

 

Umělí ptáci na čínský způsob

Svérázné uplatnění našli pro dálkově ovládané ornitoptéry v Číně. Rozjeli program Dove, v jehož rámci vznikají drony podobné holubům, jejichž úkolem je mimo jiné i dohlížet na občany. Jsou vybaveny kamerami s vysokým rozlišením, jejichž obraz se do kontrolních středisek přenáší přes satelitní spoje. Údajně už jsou nasazené v několika provinciích, kde dochází k nepokojům. Pravděpodobně se s nimi počítá jako součást tzv. systému společenského kreditu, který bude pomocí špičkových technologií (včetně rozpoznávání tváří) sledovat veškeré dění v zemi a rozčleňovat občany do kategorií podle jejich chování a loajality ke komunistické moci.

Dálkově ovládaných ornitoptér rychle přibývá a snaha je stavět sílí i mezi amatérskými modeláři. Budeme se jim proto na Dronewebu i nadále věnovat - příště už jednotlivým typům samostatně a podrobněji.

 

Jan A. Novák


          

Prevención de catarros y resfriados

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Prevención de catarros y resfriados
Infecciones víricas de las vías respiratorias superioresTodos los años las patologías o infecciones víricas que afectan a las vías respiratorias superiores (IVRS) (gripe, resfriado, faringitis, bronquitis) provocan entre la población…

Aunque son patologías agudas normalmente autolimitadas en el tiempo (con una duración, en general, no superior a 7 días), suponen un problema de salud pública de primera magnitud, no sólo por su incidencia en el sistema sanitario sino también porque constituyen las causas más frecuentes de bajas laborales y escolares.

Del impacto social y sanitario de los procesos víricos respiratorios nos dan una idea los datos del Ministerio de Sanidad: la proporción de población afectada durante las epidemias anuales oscila entre el 5 y el 15% en poblaciones grandes, y es superior al 50% en grupos de población cerrados, como establecimientos escolares o asilos. Según el Sistema de Vigilancia de la Gripe en España (SVGE), en la campaña de 2018-2019 se atendieron 490.000 casos de gripe en atención primaria, con 35.300 hospitalizaciones confirmadas (de las que 2.500 requirieron ingreso en UCI), y se produjeron 6.300 defunciones atribuibles a la gripe.

Su transmisión se produce por vía aérea, a través de gotas en aerosol cargadas de virus (procedentes de secreciones nasales, bronquiales o saliva): las «gotas de Flügge», y los «corpúsculos de Wells», minúsculas gotitas que son emitidas con la tos, los estornudos o simplemente al hablar, y que alcanzan una dispersión de hasta 1 metro desde el emisor. Este mecanismo permite una abundante y rápida propagación de los virus en el entorno. Se produce también una autoinoculación nasal o conjuntival a través de las manos contaminadas o pañuelos reutilizables.

El principal factor predisponente que facilita la proliferación y diseminación de los virus responsables son las bajas temperaturas del invierno, que provocan una ralentización del sistema inmunitario humano, una reducción de la movilidad de los cilios de la nariz y una disminución del calibre de los vasos sanguíneos que irrigan la mucosa nasal. Otros factores que facilitan la infección son: fatiga excesiva, estrés emocional, alteraciones rinofaríngeas alérgicas o fase intermedia del ciclo menstrual.

En los climas templados, las epidemias estacionales de estos virus de vías respiratorias se producen sobre todo durante el otoño e invierno, mientras que en las regiones tropicales pueden aparecer durante todo el año, produciendo brotes más irregulares. La gripe se difunde en una comunidad en un tiempo de 6 a 8 semanas. Por lo general son los niños quienes introducen los virus en el hogar, y el índice de afectación secundaria depende de la edad del individuo y de su estado inmunitario. Dicha propagación suele ocurrir en forma de epidemia y se produce en dos niveles: el primero en el entorno familiar, y el segundo en lugares cerrados e instituciones semicerradas.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS tabla 1Entre las posibles complicaciones de las IVRS destaca por su morbimortalidad la neumonía, producida por infecciones bacterianas secundarias pulmonares (es más frecuente en ancianos, pacientes con cardiopatías previas, enfermedades pulmonares crónicas o inmunodeprimidos), así como las bronquitis, faringitis, sinusitis y otitis. Los niños padecen resfriados a menudo, suelen tener el primero en su primer año de vida y, a los 6 años, son especialmente propensos a padecerlos. En Europa, los niños pequeños tienen una media de 5-8 infecciones por año, desde septiembre a finales de abril, sufriendo otras complicaciones como la otitis media (tabla 1).

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS tabla 2Gripe y resfriado, ¿es importante diferenciarlos?
La gripe y el resfriado son patologías agudas de origen vírico y, en condiciones normales, autolimitadas en el tiempo (generalmente duran 1 semana). Ambas tienen en común una sintomatología similar, una alta incidencia y un abordaje terapéutico sintomático (tabla 2).

Los síntomas más típicos del resfriado común, o catarro, son la ausencia de fiebre o fiebre baja e inflamación y edema de las vías respiratorias superiores (nariz, garganta, tráquea, laringe, senos paranasales), ojos y oídos. Suelen ir acompañados de inapetencia y sensación de malestar general. Todo ello se traduce en frecuentes estornudos, congestión nasal, rinorrea acuosa y picor de garganta. Al evolucionar la sintomatología, las secreciones nasales adquieren una consistencia espesa, incluso purulenta, y aumenta la producción de tos.

Los síntomas y signos característicos de la gripe son: escalofríos, sudoración y fiebre de inicio brusco con malestar y dolores musculares generalizados (acompañados de debilidad y fatiga), y dolor de cabeza, tos seca y dolor de garganta. La fiebre y los dolores musculares suelen persistir unos días, aunque la congestión y la falta de energía pueden durar varias semanas. La convalecencia suele ser larga, durando el malestar general, la astenia y la tos hasta 2 semanas.

Un resfriado requiere unos pocos días de reposo, y puede mitigarse con algún medicamento que amortigüe los síntomas más marcados del cuadro. Por el contrario, una gripe puede tener un desarrollo y unas secuelas más importantes, que requieren un diagnóstico médico y unos cuidados más precisos para evitar complicaciones en personas predispuestas, como ancianos, niños, enfermos crónicos, etc. (figura 1).

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS figura 1

Las IVRS agudas son las consultas más frecuentes en la farmacia comunitaria en las estaciones de otoño e invierno, por lo que la valoración por parte del farmacéutico comunitario de criterios de posible gravedad o de situaciones especiales de riesgo que obliguen a la derivación al médico será fundamental para su adecuada resolución. Dicha actuación consiste inicialmente en evaluar la banalidad o no del proceso catarral, valorando los síntomas que el paciente presenta para decidir si es mejor aconsejar la derivación al médico. En caso de no existir motivos para ello, se indicarán las medidas terapéuticas (farmacológicas y no farmacológicas) más adecuadas en función de las características individuales del paciente, aliviando los síntomas y teniendo en cuenta que existen determinados pacientes en situaciones especiales para los cuales el tratamiento farmacológico puede estar desaconsejado, o en quienes su utilización debe realizarse con precauciones específicas. Además, es necesario proporcionar consejo farmacéutico para la prevención del contagio.

Prevención de las IVRS
El farmacéutico comunitario dispone hoy de un amplio arsenal terapéutico para ayudar a mejorar el estado de los pacientes y aliviar los síntomas asociados a estas enfermedades respiratorias, siempre que no se presenten complicaciones asociadas que requieran la derivación al médico.

Existen, además, una serie de medidas de carácter profiláctico que son aconsejables en los pacientes afectados. Se trata de medidas higiénico-preventivas que no sólo contribuyen a aliviar las molestias, sino que además permiten prevenir y reducir la transmisión de los virus entre personas y el autocontagio.

Medidas preventivas

  • Evitar el contacto con las personas afectadas al menos durante los 2-4 primeros días del proceso. Autoaislarse en caso de malestar, fiebre u otros síntomas gripales.
  • Lavarse frecuentemente las manos, con jabón y agua caliente o gel desinfectante.
  • Evitar los locales cerrados o mal ventilados y los lugares donde se reúnen muchas personas.
  • Evitar los cambios bruscos de temperatura y las aglomeraciones, y no salir de lugares con calefacción a zonas de frío sin abrigarse.
  • Evitar el consumo de tabaco y alcohol, ya que suponen un sobresfuerzo para el sistema inmunitario y las vías respiratorias.
  • Utilizar pañuelos desechables y eliminarlos a continuación.
  • Tapar nariz y boca al toser y estornudar, lavándose siempre después las manos.
  • Evitar frotarse los ojos después de sonarse o estornudar.
  • Seguir una dieta sana y equilibrada rica en frutas y verduras que proporcione un aporte vitamínico y mineral completo.
  • Por su carácter antioxidante, el consumo de vitamina C (en dosis de 1 g diario), pese a ser controvertido, tiene una amplia aceptación y algunas evidencias de su efectividad.
  • Mantener una buena hidratación (zumos de frutas, infusiones, agua, caldos, etc.), pero sin exagerar.
  • Evitar el estrés. Parece ser un factor importante de descenso en la actividad del sistema inmunitario, lo que nos hace más propensos a enfermar.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS 2Medidas paliativas

  • Humidificar el ambiente adecuadamente. Es fundamental para mantener la humedad en las vías respiratorias y aumentar la fluidez de la mucosidad.
  • Reposo en cama, con la cabeza elevada, pero evitando un excesivo abrigo.
  • Aumentar la ingesta de líquidos (sobre todo caldos de verduras y zumos de frutas) ayudará a fluidificar las secreciones respiratorias.
  • Recomendar la utilización de vaselina para los labios y la nariz enrojecida.
  • Hacerse vahos de vapor para evitar la congestión nasal (humidificadores).
  • Evitar las pastillas de regaliz, ya que producen sequedad y, en algunos casos, pueden alterar la presión arterial.

Coadyuvantes no farmacológicos para los diferentes síntomas

  • Congestión nasal: el tratamiento de elección para niños, embarazadas e hipertensos es el suero fisiológico o el agua de mar.
  • Dolor de garganta: debemos recomendar hacer gárgaras, un remedio casero con una cucharada de sal en un vaso de agua tibia.
  • Estado febril, malestar general: hacer reposo en cama en una habitación fresca y no muy seca, con ropa ligera, y evitar esfuerzos, cambios bruscos de temperatura y ambientes cargados. Mantener una buena hidratación.
  • Estornudos/rinorrea: debemos recomendar el uso de pañuelos desechables, y que el paciente se lave frecuentemente las manos y evite frotarse los ojos. Se puede emplear vaselina o alguna crema hidratante para la nariz irritada y los labios.
  • Dolor de oídos: se puede aliviar aplicando calor local o instilando unas gotas de aceite de oliva.
  • Tos: emplear demulcentes, recomendar la ingesta abundante de líquidos y las gárgaras con agua tibia salada, y evitar los ambientes cargados. Existen algunas evidencias del efecto beneficioso de la miel, aunque no se debe utilizar en niños menores de 1 año.
  • En general, es recomendable humidificar el ambiente, aunque no debe añadirse al agua mentol, eucalipto, etc., pues no hay evidencia de ningún beneficio. Es preferible realizar inhalaciones o vahos de vapor simplemente con agua o suero fisiológico.

Inmunomoduladores y otros
Además de las medidas preventivas citadas, que podemos considerar clásicas o tradicionales, en los últimos tiempos han surgido nuevos conceptos que abren posibilidades, aunque no en todos los casos se dispone de evidencia científica contrastada. A ciertas sustancias presentes en vegetales y hongos se les atribuyen propiedades modificadoras de la respuesta biológica, potenciadoras y estimulantes del sistema inmunitario que podrían ser útiles en el tratamiento y prevención de ciertas enfermedades, entre las que se encuentran las IVRS.

En el caso de los hongos, sus propiedades parecen tener su origen en su contenido en germanio, que se relaciona con la actividad del interferón en el organismo, sustancia que éste genera como elemento fundamental del sistema inmunitario. Entre estos hongos, de los que se están estudiando sus posibles propiedades inmunomoduladoras, se encuentran los ascomicetos y basidiomicetos: Agaricus blazei (A. brasiliensis, A. subrufescens), Ganoderma lucidum, G. pfeifferi, Inonotus obliquus, Lentinula edodes, Coriolus (Trametes) versicolor, Hericium erinaceus, Ophiocordyceps (Cordyceps) sinensis, Pleurotus ostreatus, Rozites caperata, Sparassis crispa, Tremella mesenterica y T. fuciformis.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS 3Ganoderma lucidum es un hongo al que la terapéutica actual dedica especial interés. Usado desde hace mucho tiempo por la medicina oriental, en la literatura científica se encuentran numerosos artículos en los que se estudian sus componentes bioquímicos y sus propiedades farmacológicas en los más diversos campos de la farmacoterapia. En el basidiocarpo, micelio y esporas de G. lucidum se encuentran más de 400 compuestos bioactivos que incluyen triterpenoides, polisacáridos (glucanos), nucleósidos, esteroides y oligoelementos con actividad antioxidante, antirradicales libres, inmunomoduladora, hipolipemiante, hipoglucemiante, antihipertensiva, analgésica, antiinflamatoria, antiviral (incluyendo anti-VIH), antibacteriana, hepatoprotectora, inductora del sueño, etc.

Estudios in vitro e in vivo sugieren que los polisacáridos de G. lucidum (PSGL) estimulan las células inmunes, incluidos los linfocitos B, linfocitos T, células dendríticas, macrófagos y linfocitos citolíticos (células NK: natural killer). Existen también algunos estudios in vivo que muestran el incremento de los mecanismos de defensa en animales y humanos.

Un reciente ensayo clínico mostró que suplementos alimenticios de salvado de arroz fermentado con Lentinula edodes lograban un incremento significativo de la producción de interferón gamma, pero no aumentaban la efectividad de las células NK. Por otro lado, en estudios sobre algunas especies como Ganoderma lucidum (reishi) o Lentinula edodes (shiitake), se demuestra que el sistema inmunitario de un organismo sano no se ve afectado por los metabolitos de estos hongos. Sólo actúan cuando las defensas están bajas, por ello se consideran tanto reguladores como potenciadores del sistema inmunitario.

Para estos macromicetos se proponen a menudo nuevas aplicaciones y se publican resultados de investigaciones que parecen aportar elementos de interés en el campo de la farmacoterapia, aunque no siempre con las garantías de fiabilidad y validez exigibles para su traslado a la práctica clínica, algo que se señala a menudo en algunas revisiones y metaanálisis. Los propios autores de los trabajos incluidos en los metaanálisis reconocen en muchos de ellos que los resultados no son concluyentes o tienen escasa significación clínica, a pesar de presentar significación estadística, y en muchos casos se trata de ensayos en los que el elemento fúngico se ha utilizado como coadyuvante de un tratamiento con un fármaco convencional.

Entre las especies vegetales cuya utilidad en la prevención y tratamiento de las IVRS se ha estudiado en los últimos años tenemos: Aster spathulifolium, Echinacea spp., Panax ginseng, Pelargonium sidoides, Pinus thunbergii, Punica granatum, Rhodiola rosea, Schisandra chinensis y Thuja orientalis.

La raíz y el rizoma de equinácea contienen polisacáridos, compuestos poliacetilénicos y fenólicos de actividad inmunoestimulante. Se trata de un mecanismo no específico: se ha observado que estimula in vitro la producción de citocinas que tienen capacidad de activar los linfocitos, incrementando la fagocitosis y la actividad de las células efectoras. También origina a partir de macrófagos y linfocitos la producción de factor de necrosis tumoral e interferones de actividad antitumoral y antiviral. Se utiliza en la profilaxis de IVRS y como coadyuvante en tratamientos quimioterápicos. Panax ginseng parece tener también una acción inmunoestimulante. Thuja orientalis, Aster spathulifolium y Pinus thunbergii incrementarían la resistencia a la infección vírica en las células del tracto respiratorio. Ensayos con extracto polifenólico de Punica granatum muestran una inhibición de la replicación del ARN viral, potenciando el efecto antiinfluenza de oseltamivir.

Parece existir evidencia, aunque limitada, de la eficacia de Pelargonium sidoides ante infecciones víricas de las vías respiratorias y sus complicaciones: rinosinusitis, faringitis, bronquitis, etc., debido a las propiedades antivirales, antibacterianas y mucolítico/expectorantes del extracto etanólico de su raíz. El mecanismo parece relacionarse con una modulación de la respuesta inmune no específica del huésped por estimulación en la liberación del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α), interferón β (INF-β) e interleucinas, y un incremento de la actividad de las células NK.

Iota-carragenina es un polímero de galactosa sulfato obtenido de algas rojas marinas de la familia Rhodophyceae que, administrado por vía nasal al 0,12%, forma una película protectora e hidratante sobre la mucosa que es eficaz frente a diversos virus (rinovirus humano, virus sincitial respiratorio, coronavirus, adenovirus, virus parainfluenza e influenza). Los ensayos in vitro e in vivo en humanos indican que esta barrera física interfiere en la adhesión de los virus del resfriado en las células de la mucosa nasal, disminuyendo la carga viral en más de un 90%. Ensayos clínicos recientes muestran que este mecanismo de acción puede ser de utilidad en la prevención de la infección viral y el contagio, así como en el alivio de los síntomas de gripe y resfriado.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS 4Probióticos, prebióticos y suplementos
Existe cierta evidencia (aunque inconsistente debido a la heterogeneidad en la metodología de los ensayos) sobre el papel de los probióticos en la prevención de las IVRS. En un metaanálisis que incluye 10 ensayos clínicos, se concluye que el número de participantes que sufrieron uno o más procesos de este tipo es menor que en los grupos placebo. En los dos ensayos de mejor calidad los microorganismos administrados eran Lactobacillus casei DN-114001 y Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG.

Algunos estudios (reflejados en varios metaanálisis) constataron que la administración oral o intranasal de diversas sales de zinc (gluconato, acetato o sulfato) reduce el número de episodios de resfriados en niños, y acorta la duración y reduce la severidad de los procesos respiratorios en adultos (aunque no en niños), en dosis que oscilan entre 4,5 y 23,7 mg. En los estudios se observaron algunos efectos adversos, como sabor desagradable y náuseas, y anosmia en la aplicación intranasal.

Se ha ensayado el uso de un espray bucal con glicerol y tripsina frente a placebo en la prevención y tratamiento del resfriado común en voluntarios sanos que fueron inoculados con rinovirus (46 individuos en el grupo tratado). Los resultados mostraron una reducción de la carga viral en la orofaringe y una disminución de la duración de los síntomas en las personas que los experimentaron.

Diversos estudios ponen de manifiesto el interés en ciertos hongos medicinales para la prevención o tratamiento de enfermedades comunes y recurrentes en la población infantil. Destacan las conclusiones sobre los extractos de Hericium erinaceus (melena de león) ricos en compuestos activos como las herinacinas, con demostrada actividad neurológica; o los betaglucanos, capaces de modificar la composición de la microbiota intestinal, entre otras funciones. Las alteraciones en la composición de la microbiota intestinal están relacionadas con el desarrollo de obesidad y trastornos metabólicos asociados, así como con la aparición de múltiples patologías. Igualmente, el desequilibrio en la microbiota intestinal puede contribuir a la aparición de varias desregulaciones metabólicas, lo que provoca inflamación en el intestino, el hígado o el cerebro, así como a procesos que regulan el metabolismo energético.

Los prebióticos (betaglucanos) presentes en los hongos medicinales como Hericium erinaceus pueden estimular el crecimiento de la microbiota beneficiosa en el mantenimiento de la salud. Además, estos prebióticos de origen fúngico pueden inhibir la proliferación de patógenos –al aumentar el crecimiento de bacterias probióticas en el intestino y modular el sistema inmunitario–, lo que representa una nueva estrategia de valor en la prevención de múltiples patologías.

El pequeño tamaño de las muestras, la no identificación en muchas ocasiones de los principios activos existentes en los extractos vegetales o fúngicos (falta de estandarización) y las diferencias metodológicas, con defectos en la selección y aleatorización de los individuos incluidos, son sesgos que afectan a muchos de los ensayos citados, que intentaban demostrar estas acciones preventivas o paliativas de los síntomas asociados a las IVRS. Creemos, por tanto, que se necesitan estudios más amplios, rigurosos y profundos para alcanzar resultados convincentes en un campo que apunta a interesantes beneficios para la salud de la población.

32 EF581 PROFESION PREVENCION CATARROS tabla 3Vacunación (tabla 3)
La medida preventiva más importante en la actualidad sigue siendo la vacunación antigripal, especialmente entre la población con patologías que suponen un riesgo de sufrir complicaciones, aunque sólo es efectiva contra el virus influenza y no frente a los virus causantes del resfriado, ya que el amplio número de especies víricas implicadas impide en este caso confeccionar una vacuna eficaz.

Cada año la Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios recoge las normas que deben seguirse con respecto al cambio de cepas en las vacunas de la gripe para la campaña anual, siguiendo la última recomendación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) para la situación europea del año correspondiente. Para la campaña 2019-2020, la composición corresponde a las cepas de gripe que se supone afectarán a la población española en esta temporada: A/Brisbane/02/2018 (H1N1) pdm09, A/Kansas/14/2017 (H3N2) y B/Colorado/06/2017 (linaje B/Victoria/2/87).

Durante años, las vacunas contra la gripe se han formulado con una composición trivalente: dos virus de la gripe A (H1N1 y H3N2) y un virus de la gripe B, a elegir entre los dos linajes diferentes que existen de virus B, aunque ambos están en circulación durante la mayor parte de las temporadas. Las vacunas tetravalentes para esta temporada deberán incluir el virus B/Phuket/3073/2013 (linaje B/Yamagata/16/18). Al agregar otro virus B a la vacuna, se espera conseguir un mayor grado de protección contra los influenza-virus circulantes.

La vacunación es gratuita en los centros de salud, siempre que sea dentro del periodo de campaña de cada año, pero también se puede adquirir en las farmacias con receta médica. Deben vacunarse los mayores de 65 años, las personas con alto riesgo de sufrir complicaciones en caso de padecer gripe, y las personas en contacto con estos grupos de alto riesgo, ya que pueden transmitírsela: enfermedad crónica cardiovascular o pulmonar, diabéticos, enfermedad renal o hepática crónica, inmunodeprimidos, embarazadas, trabajadores de centros sanitarios o geriátricos, policías, bomberos, protección civil, etc.

Una vez administrada la vacuna, la protección eficaz comienza después de 7 o 10 días y dura hasta 6 meses, lo que hace necesario repetir anualmente la vacunación. Aunque la efectividad de la vacunación parece ser muy variable (25-80%), en función de la edad, el grado de inmunocompetencia y la coincidencia de los componentes de la vacuna con los virus de la temporada, todas las organizaciones e instituciones nacionales y supranacionales recomiendan su empleo.

El farmacéutico comunitario (además de vacunarse por pertenecer a un grupo de riesgo, al tratarse de un profesional sanitario en contacto con pacientes de riesgo a los que puede transmitirla) debe participar en campañas de difusión y promoción de la vacunación antigripal entre los usuarios de su farmacia.

Lamentablemente, en España la cobertura de vacunación es reducida: no llega al 50% en los grupos de riesgo. En la campaña pasada, de 2018-2019, se alcanzó el 56% en mayores de 65 años y sólo el 39,8% en médicos y enfermeros. Un porcentaje insuficiente, ya que la OMS recomienda que al menos el 75% de los incluidos en grupos de riesgo se vacunen frente a la cepa del virus de cada año.

Algunas Sociedades Científicas y Colegios de Farmacéuticos han ofrecido a las Autoridades Sanitarias estatales y a las comunidades autónomas la colaboración en las campañas anuales con la administración de las vacunas por parte de los farmacéuticos comunitarios en las farmacias españolas, como se hace con notable éxito en otros países, pero no se obtuvo una respuesta favorable.

La utilidad de la administración de la vacuna de la gripe estacional en las farmacias comunitarias (por parte de farmacéuticos acreditados y formados específicamente) viene avalada por los excelentes resultados obtenidos en muchos países de nuestro entorno: Canadá, Australia, Reino Unido, Irlanda, Dinamarca, Suiza, Francia, Portugal, etc., donde han conseguido elevar de manera notable la tasa de cobertura de vacunación.

Por otro lado, un reciente trabajo de nuestro grupo de investigación ha demostrado que la opinión de que la farmacia comunitaria debe ser un punto de administración de la vacuna antigripal es ampliamente mayoritaria entre los usuarios de la farmacia (85% de los encuestados) y también entre los propios farmacéuticos comunitarios, que en un 68% están dispuestos a recibir la formación adecuada y a realizar la administración de las vacunas antigripales en sus farmacias.

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135-146.
Sapena Grau J, Picó Sirvent L, Morera Inglés M, Rivero Urgell M. Betaglucanos de Pleurotus ostreatus en la prevención de infecciones respiratorias recurrentes. Acta Pediátrica Española. 2015; 73(8): 186-193.
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Suárez-Arroyo IJ, Rosario-Acevedo R, Aguilar-Pérez A. Anti-tumor effects of Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi) in inflammatory breast cancer in in vivo and in vitro models. Plos One. 2013; 8(2): e57431.
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Re: Wind Skeptics

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The wind industry is always in a rush because once you know what you're getting you'll vote no:Industrial Wind Turbines
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https://windfarmrealities.org/?p=2028
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https://www.wind-watch.org/news/2019/10/05…
https://www.wind-watch.org/news/2006/12/03…
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https://www.wind-watch.org/documents/silen…
https://stopthesethings.com/2019/10/10/bou…
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/3…
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https://gatehousenews.com/windfarms/in-you…
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https://www1.salary.com/PGandE-CORP-Execut…
http://css.umich.edu/factsheets/carbon-foo…
https://www.wiyot.us/CivicAlerts.aspx?AID=…
https://www.quora.com/Why-are-so-many-bird…
https://www.engineeringworldchannel.com/wh…
https://petitions.moveon.org/sign/humboldt…
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/2…
https://www.hillsdale.net/news/20191113/wi…
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles…
https://www.wind-watch.org/documents/wind-…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXCZ3Oyklr…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M83SReL9Wr…
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/poli…
https://www.wintersetmadisonian.com/opinio…
https://www.wind-watch.org/news/2017/02/21…
http://www.startribune.com/iowa-loves-indu…
https://www.wind-watch.org/news/2016/04/02…
https://www.forbes.com/sites/judeclemente/…
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/…
https://www.forbes.com/sites/judeclemente/…
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http://aweo.org/
https://www.windturbinesyndrome.com/wind-t…
https://vitalitymagazine.com/article/wind-…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-2Ouv5dMuD…
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=20adDr7Fel…
https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#inbox/FM…
https://madriverunion.com/terra-gen-wind-p…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016…
https://www.ecpartners.com/sectors/power-g…
http://humboldt.granicus.com/MediaPlayer.p…
https://edgarcountywatchdogs.com/2015/03/m…
https://www.observertoday.com/news/page-on…
https://livestream.com/itmsstudio/events/8…
https://www.michigansthumb.com/news/articl…
https://docs.google.com/viewerng/viewer?ur… ://stopthesethings.files.wordpress.com/2015/01/nasa-guide-to-evaluating-turbine-noise-hubbard-et-al-1982.pdf
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https://docs.google.com/viewerng/viewer?ur… ://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/43316/E92845.pdf
https://stopthesethings.com/2014/12/17/21-…
https://archive.org/details/ahca-Humboldt_…
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article…
https://www.energy.gov/eere/solar/goals-so…
https://cohoctonwindwatch.blogspot.com/200…
https://www.cfact.org/2013/03/18/wind-turb…
https://www.forbes.com/sites/judeclemente/…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXBQjhXCyd…
https://www.windturbinesyndrome.com/2014/m…
https://www.windturbinesyndrome.com/catego…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continu…
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4oOLbfr6t…
https://www.oregonlive.com/news/2019/07/wi…
Posted by Dan B
          

NASCIDA DA ‘REFORMA AGRÁRIA’, A QUARTA GERAÇÃO DO CACAU NA BAHIA

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NASCIDA DA ‘REFORMA AGRÁRIA’, A QUARTA GERAÇÃO DO CACAU NA BAHIA


Salário digno, fruto de qualidade e sustentabilidade são resultados de integração de comunidades e posse de terras    

A fala causa impacto. “Essa região tem cacau há 250 anos, mas o agricultor nunca comeu um chocolate de qualidade”. Quem afirma é Luciano Ferreira da Silva, agricultor do Assentamento Dois Riachões e coordenador político da Rede de Agroecologia Povos da Mata, no Sul da Bahia.
É assim que ele nos abre as portas para que comecemos a entender o histórico de lutas em torno do cacau, um panorama em que poderosos interesses  privados muitas vezes se sobrepuseram ao desenvolvimento coletivo, até que a organização comunitária iniciou uma reação.      
Durante o período colonial, a economia daquela região era concentrada na produção de açúcar. Havia ao menos oito engenhos na Capitania de São Jorge dos Ilhéus em 1560. Foi com o passar do tempo e o desenrolar da crise da agroindústria açucareira que a produção de açúcar diminuiu. Em 1770, só existia um engenho em funcionamento.
“Só um grande engenho vai permanecer, que é o de Santana. O engenho chegou a ter 300 escravos e conseguiu se manter funcionando durante três séculos. Mas a decadência do setor ocorreu,  principalmente, por causa de guerras com populações indígenas”, conta Gerson Marques, historiador e pesquisador.
Fruto do cacau em processo de amadurecimento
Foto: Jefferson De Paula Dias Filho
Enquanto isso, o consumo de chocolate crescia em países da Europa e nos Estados Unidos. Como regiões quentes e úmidas têm clima propício para a plantação dos cacaueiros, a coroa portuguesa viu no Sul da Bahia uma grande oportunidade de investimento. O processo da transição da economia açucareira para a cacaueira não exigiu muito tempo. E, junto com ela, veio outra transição: da escravidão para o “trabalho assalariado”.
Dez reais por dia era a média que Edvaldo dos Santos ganhava para cuidar da roça de cacau de um fazendeiro, na região do Revés, no ano de 2007. Segundo ele, no final das contas. recebia pouco menos de R$ 400 por mês. 
“A gente era responsável por colheita, roçagem e quebragem, das 7 h às 16 h. Ganhava diária ‘seca’, sem salário, sem nada. Não tinha carteira assinada, não tinha nada”, conta o agricultor.
Edvaldo, hoje com 41 anos, cresceu como descreve Jorge Amado, “impregnado pelo aroma das roças de cacau, que ele soube desde cedo que valia ouro para os patrões de seus pais, trabalhadores rurais que sempre ficaram com migalhas daquele festim”. O pai, nunca conheceu. Foi criado pela mãe, que a vida inteira trabalhou como meeira nas roças de outros fazendeiros.
O salário mal dava para comprar o alimento do mês, já que na roça do patrão era proibido que os meeiros plantassem hortaliças, frutas ou qualquer outro tipo de alimento, mesmo que fosse para a subsistência das famílias.
“A banana podia perder, apodrecer, cair no chão, mas os trabalhadores não podiam comer”, conta o agricultor.
Edvaldo só entendeu o que era feito com o cacau quando foi para o assentamento
Foto: Jefferson De Paula Dias Filho
Edvaldo conheceu o  Movimento Estadual de Trabalhadores Assentados, Acampados e Quilombolas (Ceta) antes da ocupação do Assentamento Dois Riachões. Ficou nove meses acampado às margens da rodovia BA-652. 
“O processo é lento pra você ter seu pedaço de terra, ser dono, mas foi um novo caminho pra mim. Eu vim morar num lugar que eu me sinto bem, vivo bem e o futuro é melhor, porque cada dia tenho o sonho de crescer”, conta.
O movimento é parte da Teia dos Povos, uma organização política que trabalha com um projeto amplo de territórios agroecológicos por meio da união dos povos tradicionais do Sul da Bahia. 
“O processo é interagir dentro das comunidades e povos tradicionais para que a a forma de produção, a cultura, possam estar cada vez mais vivos. No mundo globalizado em que nós vivemos, a internacionalização do capital não atinge só o campo da extensão da terra, mas também atinge o campo ideológico. Os nossos jovens são cada vez mais vulneráveis ao novo, que é o novo que destrói aquilo que faz parte da nossa cultura. Então, a gente interage com as comunidades a partir da Teia dos Povos, no sentido de lutar pela defesa do território e, ao mesmo tempo, lutar para preservar e manter a cultura”, diz Luciano Ferreira da Silva.
Foto: Jefferson De Paula Dias Filho
A organização política da Teia dos Povos se baseia em quatro escolas e é introduzida desde  cedo para as crianças da comunidade. A “Escola das Águas”, que dialoga com os terreiros de Candomblé e com a cultura africana; a “Escola do Arco e Flecha”, que dialoga com as comunidades indígenas; a “Escola da Floresta”, que dialoga com o bioma Mata Atlântica; com o bioma Caatinga e com os sistemas agroflorestais; e a “Escola É do Chocolate”, que representa a produção de cacau na região.
“Hoje, quando a gente traz para dentro da comunidade uma pequena fábrica de produção de chocolate, que os filhos de agricultores são os caras que fazem esse chocolate, que brincam com os cheiros, com os aromas, que brincam com o que querem naquele chocolate, a gente reafirma a nossa cultura e compreende o processo de verticalização da produção”, enfatiza Luciano.
De acordo com o historiador Gerson Marques, o cacau teve quatro fases distintas na região.No processo de “verticalização” mencionado por Luciano, os agricultores participam de todas as etapas da produção e é o quarto e último momento.
“Esse novo modelo é nascente, tem 19, 20 anos que está surgindo. Estamos no início de uma quarta fase, que verticaliza a produção e que o produtor tem controle maior sobre todas as etapas. É um modelo que valoriza o chocolate, o cacau fino e derivados.”, explica.
Linhas gerais, a “verticalização” incentiva o agricultor a atuar em todos os setores da cadeia, produzindo do fruto até o chocolate.   

A vassoura de bruxa sobrevoou a Bahia

A microrregião de Ilhéus-Itabuna configurou, durante muitos anos, o principal polo de produção de cacau do Brasil. A região cacaueira – instalada desde meados do século 18 – é, essencialmente, formada por pequenos produtores e compreende mais de 250 anos de atividade.
O cacau é quase que inteiramente cultivado pelo sistema cabruca, método onde preservam-se as árvores nativas junto com o plantio do cacau e, por consequência, há maior diversidade de fauna e flora na região, o que não é mérito só do cultivo orgânico.
Porém, um fato histórico ocorrido no final dos anos 1980 levou a região cacaueira à decadência socioeconômica. A proliferação do fungo chamado ‘vassoura de bruxa’ gerou um processo de exclusão social, que, segundo Gerson Marques, “deixou entre 150 a 200 mil desempregados”.
“Existe um processo aberto pela Polícia Federal, com a ajuda da Unicamp, que concluiu por uma tese de que foi uma ação criminosa, de que a vassoura não teria chegado de forma acidental no Sul da Bahia. Mas o grande cacauicultor usou a vassoura como uma boa justificativa para a a falência, que já existia”, relata o historiador.
Ele explica que foi a concorrência com o cacau africano que fez o preço do fruto do Brasil cair no mercado internacional. 
“A vassoura, ela é um marco, que vai dar um empurrão final, que vai encerrar esse ciclo e levar à falência generalizada”, conta.
Desde então, os produtores que não faliram têm tentado se reinventar, controlando a doença com fungicidas biológicos, migrando para outros segmentos, como a fabricação de chocolate e a plantação de cupuaçu, ou cultivando cacau orgânico, caso de agricultores que aderem à Rede Povos da Mata.

“Reforma agrária”: sabedoria  

Depois de plantadas, as sementes do cacau são separadas do fruto e ficam 48 horas no cocho – um local escuro – com uma temperatura entre 40º e 70º. As sementes são levadas para a estufa e lá permanecem por um período que varia de quatro a quinze dias. 
O assentamento produz vinte toneladas de cacau orgânico por ano, que são vendidas para empresas do setor de chocolate premium.  Além disso, os agricultores participam de circuitos de comercialização regionais e do Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos (PAA) orgânico, onde vendem nibs de cacau e chocolates orgânicos e itens hortifrutigranjeiros.
Atualmente, o Assentamento Dois Riachões tem quatro selos de produção: o Selo de Orgânicos da Rede de Agroecologia Povos da Mata; o Selo de Orgânicos Internacional da Ecocert; a certificação do movimento Slow Food, que incentiva o consumo de comida saudável,, sustentáveis e que preservam as tradições locais; e o Selo de Indicação Geográfica Sul da Bahia, que legitima a qualidade das amêndoas e de toda a cadeia produtiva do cacau, pelo respeito ao meio ambiente e a melhora na condição de vida dos agricultores.
O assentamento é uma referência de produção de cacau orgânico e outros alimentos de base agroecológica. 
“A gente ficou reconhecido como uma comunidade que cumpre a função de melhorar os municípios, de levar comida saudável para as pessoas”, destaca Luciano.  
A média do salário do agricultor que vive no Assentamento Dois Riachões passou de R$ 246, em 2008, para R$ 2 mil, em 2019. Todos os trabalhadores têm cursos que os qualificam para aperfeiçoar as atividades no campo: 
“Eu tenho dois certificados: como produtor orgânico, do Slow Food, e muitos outros cursos. Hoje, eu tenho como dizer ‘sou produtor e moro na reforma agrária que me trouxe sabedoria e conhecimento’”, conclui Edvaldo.
outraspalaras.net/ojoioeotrigo/2019/10nascidadareformaagrariaaquartageracaodocacaunabahia

          

Possible Ancient Alien Technology on Asteroid Eros

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This is, in my view and my personal opinion that this marvelous artifact, damning evidence as it is though - I believe that this is of ancient Alien origin.



I say that because and here's the key detail for me and this assertion "it's not human technology".


There's lot's of strange and bizarre "plus weird" anomalies in space and if you probe just a little bit (no pun intended) you'll surprise yourself.



Image-showing-Alien-technology-possibly-on-asteroid-Eros



The link to the NASA image in their official archive is at the bottom of this page.












It's amazing to have the official image for you and not just a second hand copy from the Internet.

If you look through the right NASA image gallery and the right archival video footage, taken by any of the space missions or by the astronauts themselves you'll find something that makes you think what was that?

You'll at least come away thinking: that should not be there or is that real?

I can guarantee you that it's real - as NASA or the ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos "Rosaviakosmos" etc aren't in the game of hoaxes (depending on whom you ask) and they definitely aren't in the business of staging fake events or incidents (again depending on whom you ask)?



Amazing-artifact-looks-like-an-Alien-machine



Here is a short piece from Bending Reality about this:
Eros is a peanut - shaped asteroid and the first discovered and second largest near - Earth object with a mean-diameter of approximately 16.8 kilometers and named after the Greek God of Love, Eros.












Eros was one of the first asteroids visited by a spacecraft, the first one orbited, and the first one soft-landed on.

NASA spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker visited Eros first with a 1998 flyby and entered orbit around 2000, and on February 12, 2001, at the end of its mission, it landed on the asteroid’s surface using its maneuvering jets.

The main headline image of Eros, taken from the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft on May 1, 2000, at an orbital altitude of 53 kilometers (33 miles), shows, according to NASA, a large rectangular boulder which is 45 meters across. But is it really a boulder or could it be a sort of ancient mining machine?



The-actual-NASA-image-from-their-official-website



All image credits NASA.

So, do we have to take these things in to account as we receive them... you bet we do!


What doe's taking these things as we receive in to account, actually mean?

It means that we have to ask the obvious question(s):


Why do we have access to this obviously otherworldly material and is that deliberate?

Why are NASA and their cohorts taking no measures to prevent us from seeing these (in my view) obvious Alien anomalies?


  • Is this an ulterior motive at play?
  • Are they placed there to disclose that Aliens are real?
  • Is it a hint at the ultimate answer that Aliens exist?


Is there a different reason other than letting the public know that Aliens exist by way of artifacts, spacecrafts plus actual UFO footage and definite cover up's over the years?












There's lot's of questions but this one post is about the strange artifact on Eros.

It is looking like a gun?

It looks to me like a Alien artifact which suggests that it is a sort of defense tool?

It could be one of many things as who knows how to Identify Alien machines, tools and equipment?

It might be a oddly shaped drone or a craft to carry out surveillance of this valuable asteroid?

It might be a security device to ward off anyone trying to claim this asteroid?

Like an Alien version of planting the colony flag which was all the rage in yesteryear on Earth?

Touch this asteroid minions and you will be having difficult questions asked by your superior overlords.

That would be NASA.

Many, things come to mind about this artifact and the reason for that is because there is no way that it is a normal or natural formation on asteroid Eros!

It is intelligently looking and it looks to have a purpose.

What we humans would call a "object of concern" and probably declared "Top Secret" so that's why I say, is this a deliberate disclosure of an Alien artifact?

Give us your comments and leave us your thoughts, cheers.

Who owns this asteroid?

If Aliens exist, have they claimed it by putting an artifact on it - I ask this because just in case it turns out in the future that the asteroid is very valuable indeed... like gold for instance then who owns it.

Source NASA Official Image.
Source NASA.Source Bending Reality.

          

(Utahime Teien 16) (Kusugi Tai)] Shinkan otoshite gomennasai copy Hon (THE IDOLMSTER MILLION LIVE) [Digital].zip

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Torrent Link
Magnet Link
Tokyo Tosho
Size: 11.7MB
Authorized: N/A
Submitter: ChouxCream
Comment: https://e-hentai.org/g/1527117/9172e4795e/
          

Sustainability Solutions Take Center Stage at Demo Day for Black & Veatch Cleantech Accelerator

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Seven U.S. entrepreneurs chosen to participate in the Black & Veatch IgniteX Cleantech Accelerator recently took the stage in downtown Kansas City to showcase their business models and demonstrate how they’re poised to rewrite how the enterprise focuses on sustainability.

Powered by LaunchKC, the Cleantech Accelerator’s Demo Day drew 250 engineers, entrepreneurs, investors, students and professionals who watched as Accelerator founders presented their compelling proofs of how they’re gaining traction in the market.

“When we launched the Accelerator at Black & Veatch, we announced we were looking for the boldest, brightest entrepreneurs and startups in the cleantech space,” said Hyleme George, program director for the Cleantech Accelerator and Demo Day host. “Combining the startups’ novel technology and nimbleness with Black & Veatch’s scale and expertise can move us further and faster towards our mission of building a world of difference through innovation in sustainable infrastructure.”

View this video to learn more about the IgniteX Cleantech Accelerator.

The Nov. 13 Demo Day forum provided the founders with a platform to share their business models via eight-minute pitches that spanned each company’s value proposition and market opportunity.

“It has been incredibly effective to focus on a target area with an established and forward-looking Kansas City company like Black & Veatch to be able to identify and sort new technologies that can create jobs and follow-on investment in that industry,” said Drew Solomon, competition chair of LaunchKC and senior vice president at the Economic Development Corp. of Kansas City, MO.

The IgniteX Cleantech Accelerator cohort entered the Demo Day fresh from a 12-week accelerator boot camp with Black & Veatch personnel and other industry experts, who assisted them in planning, designing and executing real-world projects in the clean technology space.

Cohort demos included:

AWARE VEHICLES, Kansas City, MO: Smart drones for precision agriculture and infrastructure.

P.J. Piper, president & CEO, introduced an automated, innovative mobile docking platform for drones – including launch, recovery, and data transmission and charging – combined with artificial intelligence (AI) for the real-time study of farmland – down to moisture levels in individual plants - and infrastructure often in remote locations. https://www.awarevehicles.com/

BUILT ROBOTICS, San Francisco, CA: Autonomous construction machinery for efficiency, safety and faster results.

“We’re developing artificial intelligence guidance systems that will enable heavy equipment to operate autonomously,” said Jimmy Kim, Business Operations Lead. “Our focus is on building the software… the brains of the robot… to allow it to operate (heavy equipment) intelligently on job sites, and equipping them with the same capabilities and sensibilities that a human operator would have to ensure safety and efficiency. http://www.builtrobotics.com/

ecoSPEARS, Altamonte Springs, FL: Green remediation of PCBs and dioxins in water, soils, and sediments.

Co-founder Serg Albino is working with NASA and Black & Veatch to clean up the environment. “Imagine a world where every human being has access to clean food, clean soil, clean air and clean water,” said Albino, a former NASA aerospace engineer. ecoSPEARS has an exclusive license to leverage NASA’s proprietary technology to extract, contain and destroy PCBs and other contaminants in the environment. https://ecospears.com/

ELECTRIPHI, San Francisco, CA: Fleet electrification for reducing carbon emissions.

“We are on the cusp of the biggest energy transition in history. This is a multi-trillion-dollar transition from oil to electrons,” said Muffi Ghadiali, co-founder and CEO, who unveiled a fleet electrification planning tool. “If all of transportation, as we know it today, would electrify, that will mean we need to double or triple the grid capacity.

“This will disrupt the entire value chain from how energy is produced, how energy is delivered, how energy is consumed. And this is creating amazing opportunities for existing companies to reinvent themselves and for new companies, like us, to be created. The thread that ties all of this together is data, intelligence and an ecosystem of collaboration.” https://electriphi.ai/

EXTENSIBLE ENERGY, Berkeley, CA: Software to reduce demand charges in commercial buildings.

John Powers, Founder & CEO, has unlocked the software that makes solar energy more cost-effective for commercial building owners. It begins with making buildings smarter to better manage their use of energy through demand control.

“The U.S. generates about 2% of its electricity from solar today; in 10 years that will be 20 percent. That’s a $1 trillion opportunity,” Powers said. “It’s the largest energy infrastructure opportunity of the next decade.”

Powers closed his presentation by announcing work toward a reseller agreement with Black & Veatch to bring the Extensible Energy integrated solution, Demand X, to market. “When an innovator like Extensible Energy and an engineering powerhouse like Black & Veatch come together with a solution that addresses the biggest energy opportunity of the next decade, the result for all of us will be a cleaner world.” https://www.extensibleenergy.com/

INFRALYTIKS, Urbandale, IA: Artificial intelligence data analytics for sustainable infrastructure improvement.

“In the last two years more data has been created than in the entire history of mankind. However, only about half of 1 percent of all that data gets analyzed. And that’s where we come in,” said Kevin Prendergast, president. “Machine learning unlocks the value of the data and makes it work for us.”

Applying large-scale, real-time data analytics is the heartbeat of InfraLytiks, including a Black & Veatch assignment to automate the process of adding telecom lines and antennae to utility poles across the country – potentially all 180 million utility poles in the U.S. “There is huge demand for lines on the poles. This is valuable real estate,” he said. “The value for consumers, of course, is connectivity.” https://infralytiks.com/

NOVONUTRIENTS, Sunnyvale, CA: Converting industrial CO2 emissions into protein-rich feed.

Black & Veatch is committed to finding new technologies that will reshape the food and agriculture system as we know it. And, that’s where David Tze, CEO, enters the picture.

NovoNutrients has created a gas fermentation technology that will convert industrial carbon dioxin emissions into protein for aquafeed – the essential food in aquaculture and its farm-raised seafood – that is far more cost-effective and plentiful than aquafeed products now on the market.

With about 40 billion tons per year of greenhouse gases for NovoNutrients to “farm,” Tze said six sectors are well-suited for the NovoNutrients technology. https://www.novonutrients.com/

“These seven companies are on the front lines of the cleantech revolution,” George said. “Through our partnership with LaunchKC and by bringing the cohort together with our professionals at Black & Veatch, this program is an emphatic endorsement about how new technology can be used to solve our biggest resource and infrastructure challenges.”

---

Editor’s Note: A livestream video of the Black & Veatch Demo Day is available at https://youtu.be/JGIofiDgIhE

About Black & Veatch

Black & Veatch is an employee-owned engineering, procurement, consulting and construction company with a more than 100-year track record of innovation in sustainable infrastructure. Since 1915, we have helped our clients improve the lives of people in over 100 countries by addressing the resilience and reliability of our world's most important infrastructure assets. Our revenues in 2018 were US$3.5 billion. Follow us on www.bv.com and on social media.

About LaunchKC

LaunchKC has evolved from a 5-year-old grants competition into a tech accelerator platform that leverages grants, as well as creates new opportunities for investors, entrepreneurs, workers and the tech ecosystem of Kansas City. Its bottom line is to attract scalable companies to create more jobs and opportunities while growing the local economy. LaunchKC is an initiative of the Downtown Council (DTC) and the Economic Development Corporation (EDCKC) both of Kansas City, Missouri.

Media Contact Information:

CHRISTOPHER CLARK, Black & Veatch, 913-458-2778

MIKE HURD, LaunchKC, 816-447-2136


          

NASA намерено приобрести два места на "Союзе"

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Национальное управление США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA) собирается приобрести два места на российском корабле "Союз" для отправки астронавтов на Международную космическую станцию (МКС). В заявке управления, размещенной на сайте госсзакупок США, говорится, что отправка одного члена экипажа состоится осенью 2020 года, второго - весной 2021 года.
          

В Роскосмосе объяснили, почему зарплата Дмитрия Рогозина выше, чем у главы NASA

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Зарплата главы Роскосмоса Дмитрия Рогозина выше, чем у главы NASA Джеймса Брайденстайна, потому что одним из направлений деятельности российский госкорпорации является стратегический ядерный потенциал страны, в отличие от американского космического агентства. Ранее сообщалось, что Дмитрий Рогозин заработал в 2018 году 29,5 млн рублей. Госкорпорацию он возглавил 24 мая, до этого занимал пост вице-премьера РФ.
          

Erich Kastner: Három ember a hóban - Jelenlegi ára: 1 Ft

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Tobler úr, a dúsgazdag, ám kissé habókos iparmágnás titokban részt vesz azon a pályázaton, amit saját cégének reklámozására hirdettek meg. Második helyezettként ingyenes üdülést nyer az Alpok egyik elegáns szállodájába, ahová inkognitóban, ágról szakadt öltözékben érkezik; csupán sikeres üzletembernek álcázott inasa kíséri el.
A félreértések – a szerző szavaival élve – sejtosztódással szaporodnak, amikor a fődíj nyertese, a kopott külsejű, de igen tehetséges Hagendorf doktor toppan be a Grand Hotelbe. A ruhacserék és többszörös szerepcserék közepette a nincstelen fiatalembert megkülönböztetett figyelemben részesíti a hotel személyzete és nagyvilági hölgyek rajonganak érte – a kicsit bogaras igazi milliomos pedig egy ócska kis padláson kuporog és leplezetlen közutálatnak örvend. Mi jöhet még? A klasszikus vígjátéki helyzetektől, szellemes dialógusoktól pergő regényből természetesen a szerelmi szál és a szerencsés végkifejlet sem maradhat ki.
Erich Kastner: Három ember a hóban
Jelenlegi ára: 1 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2019-12-13 19:45
          

NASA Physicist's Incredible Origami

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Twenty five years ago, physicist Robert Lang worked at NASA, where he researched lasers. He has also garnered 46 patents on optoelectronics and even wrote a Ph.D. thesis called "Semiconductor Lasers: New Geometries and Spectral Properties." But in 2001, Lang left his job in order to pursue a passion he's had since childhood: origami. In the origami world, Lang is now a legend, and it's not just his eye-catching, intricate designs that have taken the craft by storm. Some of his work has helped pioneer new ways of applying origami principles to complex real-world engineering problems...(Read...)


          

Redukcie FOTGA. NEX - 19

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Predám 2 nové redukcie FOTGA, ktoré umožňujú nasadiť objektívy Nikon, Olympus - na digitálne fotoaparáty s bajonetom Sony NEX. Cena 19e - ks ...
          

Qué es la Transformación Digital

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Introducción Octavia Spenser, actriz norteamericana ganadora del Óscar, interpreta a Dorothy Vaughan en la película Hidden Figures (titulada Talentos Ocultos en Latinoamérica y Figuras Ocultas en España), matemática quien trabajó en la NASA en la carrera espacial de los Estados Unidos. Para acelerar los cálculos que se requerían en el proyecto, la NASA adquirió el [...]
          

NASに最適な「WD Red」シリーズから初のSSDが7製品登場

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Western Digitalから、NAS環境に最適なSerial ATA対応SSD「WD Red SA500 NAS SATA SSD」シリーズが発売された。



          

Product Review: Mars at dawn: This NASA Curiosity rover image will enchant your heart

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The sun rises over Gale Crater on Mars in this NASA Curiosity rover image. Mars is barren and dry. Earth is luxuriating in water. Sometimes these two very different planets find common ground under the light of the same sun. NASA's Curiosity rover just captured one of those moments in a stirring new image showing…

Read More ...


          

40 años después del terremoto del 79 en Manizales cambió el paisaje

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Diana Lorena Gutiérrez

LA PATRIA | MANIZALES

El 23 de noviembre de 1979 cerca de 50 personas murieron y 500 resultaron heridas como consecuencia de un sismo de 6,5 grados en la escala Richter que afectó a Caldas, Quindío y Risaralda. A las 6:34 p.m. las escenas que vivió Manizales eran dramáticas y el paisaje cambió.

En las publicaciones de LA PATRIA durante la semana siguiente al desastre se observaban imágenes de la tragedia. Los puntos más afectados fueron el Centro de la ciudad, en la calle 20 con carrera 18, la Gobernación, el Inem, Milán, cerca del Colegio Santa Inés y sus alrededores, el Estadio, por la Avenida Lindsay, entre otros. A continuación, la cara de la tragedia 40 años después.

Así lo recuerdan

Carlos Gómez, pensionado, La Carola: Yo tenía 18 años. Ese día estaba en Chipre. La iglesia quedó deteriorada. Es un día que uno recuerda siempre. Tenía bastante susto.

Guillermo Blandón, pensionado, Malhabar: Manejaba una buseta y estaba trabajando. Fue muy impresionante, vi muchos desastres. Nunca se había sentido un sismo así acá.

Blanca Martínez, ama de casa, Malhabar: Recuerdo que estaba en mi casa y sentí mucho miedo, eso fue horrible. Había muchos daños en el Centro y estábamos en un sitio muy riesgoso.

Alexánder Zapata, abogado, Neira: Recuerdo que ese día nació un sobrino y estábamos en el correcorre con mi hermana en el Hospital. Vimos llegar muchos pacientes. Estudiaba en la Universidad de Caldas, que también se dañó.

ANTES - AHORA

La carrera 23 con calle 24.

Una extensa calle de Milán fue declarada como zona de emergencia, donde cinco casas quedaron en ruinas y el colegio Santa Inés sufrió muchos daños.

La Avenida Paralela con calle 65, frente a las instalaciones del Inem.

Así quedaron los muros del Estadio. Así se ve hoy desde la Avenida Lindsay.

El fotógrafo Carlos Sarmiento logró captar esta imagen de los destrozos que causó el terremoto en el templo parroquial de Villamaría.


          

Así sobrevolaron el Volcán Nevado del Ruiz

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LA PATRIA | Manizales 

El Servicio Geológico Colombiano, con ayuda de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana, realizó el viernes un sobrevuelo en el Volcán Nevado del Ruiz, lo que les ayudó a observar la emisión de gases, vapor y ceniza del cráter Arenas. 

"La columna de gases y vapor se observó densa, de color blanca a grisácea y/o marrón claro, con baja presión y se percibió olores de gases azufrados", indicó el Servicio a través de su boletín semanal de actividad. 

La columna de gases y vapor alcanzó una altura máxima el 14 de noviembre de 2.400 m medidos sobre la cima del volcán. La dirección de dispersión de la columna estuvo regida por la dirección del viento en la zona, la cual varió durante toda la semana sin mostrar preferencia hacia algún sector.

En su comunicado el Servicio Geológico Colombiano indica: "El volcán Nevado del Ruiz continúa mostrando un comportamiento inestable. Durante la última semana, algunos de los parámetros monitoreados presentaron cambios importantes, reflejando mayor inestabilidaddel sistema volcánico que la semana anterior. Se destacan variaciones principalmente en la sismicidad,asociada al movimiento de fluidos al interior de los conductos volcánicos y en la actividad superficial del volcán. No se descarta que los parámetros monitoreados continúen cambiando, indicando una aceleración del proceso y en consecuencia cambios en el nivel de actividad del volcán". 

Recuerde que el Volcán Nevado del Ruiz está en nivel de Actividad Amarillo, o con cambios en su comportamiento. 

El informe semanal

La sismicidad relacionada con la dinámica de fluidos dentro del sistema volcánico mostró una disminución en el número y energía de sismos registrados, con respecto a la semana anterior. Este tipo de sismicidad presentó cambios importantes en las características espectrales y estuvo caracterizada por la ocurrencia de tremor volcánico continuo y ocasionalmente de tipo armónico, así como sismos de largo periodo (LP) y muy largo periodo (VLP) registrados individualmente o conjuntamente con pulsos de tremor volcánico. Los sismos presentaron niveles energéticos variables y estuvieron localizados principalmente en el cráter Arenas y en sus alrededores.

Algunas de estas señales estuvieron asociadas a pequeñas emisiones de gases y ceniza, confirmadas a través de las cámaras instaladas en el área del volcán, reportes de funcionarios del Parque Nacional Natural de los Nevados y del VAAC (Current Volcanic Ash Advisories). No se descarta el registro de nuevas señales sísmicas de este tipo, que puedan estar asociadas a nuevas emisiones de gases y ceniza, las cuales se dispersarán de acuerdo al régimen de vientos que impere al momento de la emisión.

La sismicidad originada por fracturamiento de rocas mantuvo niveles similares, en el número de sismos y en la energía sísmica liberada, con respecto a la semana anterior. Este tipo de sismicidad se localizó principalmente en el cráter Arenas, en los sectores occidental, sur-suroccidental, suroriental y nororiental de la estructura volcánica y en menor proporción en el sector norte distal del volcán. Las profundidades de los sismos oscilaron entre 0.3 y 7.1 km. Se destaca un leve incremento en este tipo de sismicidad registrado el 12 de noviembre a 3.4 km al Occidente de cráter. La máxima magnitud registrada durante la semana y durante el incremento sísmico fue de 1.0 ML (magnitud local), correspondiente al sismo registrado el 12 de noviembre a las 20:48 (hora local) a 4.2 km de profundidad.

Es de resaltar también, la ocurrencia de dos episodios de sismicidad tipo “drumbeat” de sismos volcanotectónicos, de corta duración y muy bajo nivel energético, registrados el 18 de noviembre. Este tipo de sismicidad está relacionada con procesos de ascenso y evolución de domos1 en la superficie de un volcán.

La deformación de la superficie volcánica medida a partir de inclinómetros electrónicos y estaciones GNSS (Sistema Satelital de Navegación Global) no presentó cambios importantes durante la semana.

El Volcán continúa emitiendo vapor de agua y niveles altos de gases, principalmente de Dióxido de Azufre (SO2), estos niveles son estimados a partir de los datos obtenidos de las estaciones SCANDOAS y procesamiento de imágenes satelitales. En el seguimiento de la información suministrada por el portal MIROVA y NASA FIRMS se registraron anomalías térmicas de bajo nivel energético los días 14, 16, 17 y 19 de noviembre.


          

Irving Stone, Love is Eternal

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Introduction

Opening Passage:

She leaned across her dressing table and gazed into the gilt-framed mirror on the wall. Strange, she thought, how much time you can spend studying your own face, and then scarcely know it. Her nose, at least, never altered: it was short and straight: but everything else seemed to change with her mood. Her upper lip was thing, almost prim, her lower lip full and sensual; the lock she combed across the massive brow was blond but the rest of her hair, which fell in waves below her shoulders, was chestnut. Her eyes were large, wide-set, deep blue, clear and penetrating in their outward gaze though not always lucid within; tonight she was happy, and the intruder who sometimes lurked behind them was nowhere to be seen. (p. 1)

Summary: Mary Todd is a young beauty from a Kentucky family who lives in Springfield, Illinois, where she is beginning to catch the interest of a number of men, most notably the up-and-coming Stephen Douglas. She is ambitious, has a vast number of important connections through family and friends, and wants a political husband. Into her life at this point comes the most unlikely suitor of all, young ungainly Abraham Lincoln, a largely self-taught small-time lawyer with folksy, backwoods ways. He is also interested in politics, and also ambitious, although he is sometimes faced with crippling self-doubt and extended bouts of depression due to the apparent mismatch between his ambitions and his background. He is a good speaker, however, with a name for 'lucible' speeches; folksiness is in fashion in Illinois due to the Log Cabin and Hard Cider campaign; and Abraham has a reputation for good-humored integrity, which tends to make up for his lack of a fancy background. Mary could have a more promising man, and certainly a much prettier and wealthier man, but something about Abraham's mix of seriousness and humor holds her attention like nothing else.

Marriage mixed with politics makes for choppy seas, however strong the marriage may be. Theirs would be a marriage with its share of fights, although Abraham usually could defuse such arguments to mutual satisfaction. It would even more often be filled with long tedium; both law and politics in that day were on-the-road jobs. When Abraham is not gone for the circuit courts, which in those days literally traveled through a territory, he is often gone for political speaking engagements to help out some Whig, and later Republican, candidate or other. And Lincoln did not actually have any kind of great success; it would be exaggeration to say it was mostly failures, since there were definite successes, but he mostly muddled along. He managed in 1846 to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, which he served one two-year term, mostly just toeing the party line; he had pledged to serve only one term, so he then went back to law. He supported Taylor in the 1848 election, and for that was offered governorship of Oregon Territory; both he and Mary agreed that this would effectively end their political ambitions, so he passed that up and continued working at law. So it went until 1854, when, having been elected to state legislature, he made a play for the U.S. Senate (at that time elected by state legislatures), and failed. He became a Republican for the 1856 elections and backed Dayton and Frémont, campaigning for them throughout Illinois. Buchanan, the Democrat, won instead, but the campaigning made Abraham a well-known figure in Illinois politics. He then made a play for the Senate again, this time against Stephen Douglas; while the Republicans won the popular vote, the Democrats won more seats in the state legislature, so were able to elect Douglas. Throughout it all, Mary used her connections to try to keep him afloat, and it eventually paid off by making Lincoln the Republican candidate for the 1860 elections. And, of course, South Carolina seceded on December 20, 1860, shortly after it was clear Lincoln had won.

It was a hard time to become President all around, but it's sometimes overlooked amidst other things that Washington, D.C., was a very Southern city, sharing more with Virginia than anything, and Republicans were not welcome there at all. Mary did her best to undo this. The White House at the time was famously shabby, having had very little more than minimal maintenance on it for decades, and Mary set out to try to navigate the byzantine customs governing how it was funded -- not always successfully, and in such a way that she developed a reputation for someone who liked to spend money (which in fairness was perhaps partly true), but she did manage to restore a great deal of social respectability to the Executive Mansion.

But through it all, there were tragedies of a nonpolitical kind to deal with, as well. Their son Eddie died in 1850 at the age of six. Their fourth son, Tad, born in 1853, had a cleft palate. Their son Willie died in 1862 at the age of twelve. The death of Willie in particular would hit both parents hard; Mary started attending seances in the hope of seeing him again.

And, of course, one day shortly after the end of the Civil War, and shortly into Lincoln's second term, the couple took time out to go to Ford's Theatre to re-watch a play, Our American Cousin, that Abraham had previously liked. Washington, D.C., was a very Southern city.

Stone's novel is essentially a novelization of Mary's life, since it is largely from her perspective that everything is seen. But Mary Todd Lincoln had a significant role to play in her husband's career, through her connections, through her support, through her formidable administrative ability. She did a great deal to make him presentable to the world, and to keep him presentable to the world, as he often did a great deal to give her ambitions a bit of realism. The title, Love Is Eternal, is written on the wedding band that Abraham gives to Mary. It is a motto of hope more than anything else, appropriate for the beginning of a marriage and for its end.

Favorite Passage: Mary Todd's first introduction to Abraham Lincoln:

In the midst of the bedlam she thought she suddenly had taken leave of her senses, for out of a trap door above the speaker's stand a pair of feet emerged, and then a naked pair of calves, then long legs that kept dropping downward into the room, legs that seemed to cover the full twelve feet from the trap door to the stand. As she sat there in a state of shock the rest of the man finally appeared, a long scrawny torso and neck, arms that seemed to her even longer than the incredible legs, a dark, gaunt, bone-ridged homely face and a disheveled stand of thick coarse black hair.

Turning her head slowly she saw that the men in the aisles and on the platform had frozen in their tracks. After a moment of silence which hung in the air even as had the descended apparition, the man began speaking in a high nasal voice.

"Hold on, gentlemen. This is a land of free speech. Baker has a right to speak, and if you take him of the stand you'll have to take me, too." (p. 38)

Recommendation: Recommended. It builds slowly, but gets quite interesting as it goes.

___

Irving Stone, Love is Eternal, Doubleday & Company (Garden City, NY: 1954).
          

Boeing Starliner Spacecraft Shipped to Cape Canaveral for Test Launch

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Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner spacecraft has been shipped from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center and is now in transit to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.


          

What the Moomins can tell us about fighting climate despair

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Climate change is real, no matter what some would have us believe. In this past summer's heat wave over Europe, the Arctic region of Scandinavia experienced temperatures up to 101 degrees, while the ice cap of Greenland is melting at the rate projected for the year 2070. Meanwhile, Australia is experiencing yet another year of unprecedented drought, at the same time as the American Midwest has been fighting against the overflowing Mississippi River after too much rain. It is becoming increasingly clear that climate change is not a problem we will need to deal with sometime in the future. It is happening now.

Grappling with the magnitude of climate change causes what is known as climate despair, which is the overwhelming sense that climate change will inevitably cause the extinction of humanity, and that, while we wait for the apocalypse to happen, life loses its meaning. Climate despair is an expression of what psychologists call "ultimate concerns," that is a concern for existential issues, such as death, finitude, and meaninglessness. When confronted with the enormity of climate change, our ultimate concerns causes despair, and instead of taking action, we give up before we have even started.

In times of crisis, we turn to the arts for guidance and solace. Over the past few years, sales of poetry and dystopian speculative fiction have skyrocketed as people search for meaning in a changing world. Books such as George Orwell's 1984, Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale, and Octavia Butler's Parable of the Sower have become literary beacons for those concerned about the state of politics. But for those suffering from climate despair, a beacon can be found in the books about the Moomins by Finnish-Swedish artist and author, Tove Jansson.

Jansson wrote the first two books about the Moomins, The Moomins and the Great Flood and Comet in Moominland, during the years of World War II when her home country of Finland fought off an invasion attempt by the Soviet Union. The Moomins are a family that consists of Moomintroll and his parents, Moominmamma and Moominpappa. They live in a round, tower-like blue house in the Moominvalley, surrounded by friends and other eccentric characters.

Because of the cute appearance of the Moomins (rotund with short legs, big eyes, and wide snouts), the books about them are generally considered harmless stories set in an idyllic fantasy world. But in the Moominvalley, darkness always lurks around the corner. The Moomin books are children's books for adults where light confronts darkness and vulnerability is juxtaposed to the feelings of safety and home.

The Moomins and the Great Flood and Comet in Moominland were written as parables of war, but the natural disasters that threaten the Moominvalley in these two stories can also be read as parables of climate change. Climate change causes meteorological extremes. Certain places on Earth heat up while others grow colder. Snow and rain become unevenly distributed, causing droughts in some places, extreme floods in others.

The winter and spring of 2019 saw large amounts of rain and snow in the Mississippi River basin, causing disastrous floods throughout the entire area. With flood days counting in the hundreds, these floods have broken local records set by the Great Flood of 1927, the largest natural disaster in U.S. history. Living alongside the Mississippi has always meant living with the threat of floods, but because of climate change, the old rules are no longer in play. Families can't return to their homes and Main Streets are closed when buildings continue to be submerged because the water doesn't recede.

In The Moomins and the Great Flood, Moomintroll and Moominmamma go to sleep to the soothing sound of rain, only to discover that it is still raining when they wake up the next morning. The rain continues for days, and the water starts rising around them. When the skies finally clear, the world is covered by water as far as the eye can see. Using a floating armchair for a boat, Moomintroll and Moominmamma meet creatures perched in trees, waiting for rescue after having lost everything they own.

While the Midwest stood under water, earlier this year California saw the end to a drought that began in December 2011 and lasted a total of 376 weeks. In Australia, there is no end in sight of the drought caused by years of almost no rain. Drought is a major concern when it comes to climate change, not only because the absence of rain depletes the fresh water aquifers, but because rising temperatures dry out the soil.

Scorched earth and lack of water are threats in Comet in Moominland where a comet hurtles towards Earth and the Moominvalley, threatening to destroy them on impact. As the comet approaches, it radiates heat that causes temperatures to rise. The closer the world comes to disaster, the hotter it gets. The oceans dry up, and the change in climate forces creatures to flee their homes.

Some inhabitants of the Moominvalley choose to stay where they are, instead of joining the Moomin family in their cave to take shelter. One character, Hemulen, claims that he sees no signs of a disaster on the horizon. Another character, Muskrat, decides to ignore a situation.

In her article on how to psychologically handle mental health issues caused by climate despair, psychologist Emily Green concludes that the effect of climate change on our well-being is connected to whether or not we take action. Doing something small — even as seemingly inconsequential as bringing a reusable bag to the supermarket — leads to a better frame of mind from which to handle the threat of climate change.

The difference between the Moomin family and the characters they meet during the disasters of the flood and the comet is that they take action, and they set small goals. A Moomin doesn't have the ability to steer a comet away from Earth or to make floodwater recede, but a Moomin can fight to keep the family together during a disaster. Even in a time of impending doom, a Moomin takes pleasure in the beauty of a sea pearl, enjoys a cup of coffee in the morning, and always accepts an invitation to dance. By doing all of these things, a Moomin keeps despair at bay.

Because, as journalist and historian David M. Perry says, we can't afford to fall into despair when it comes to climate change. But not for our own sake: for the generations that are growing up today and whose lives will be even more affected by climate change, because one day this world will be theirs.

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Snímek Last Christmas je klasickou romantickou komedií plnou vtipu, vánočního klišé, ale také nečekaných překvapení

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Romantické komedie jako Deník Bridget Jonesové či Láska nebeská jsou takovou každoroční klasikou, která už k Vánocům tak nějak patří. Nový snímek režiséra Paula Feiga (Nebezpečná laskavost) Last Christmas je stejně jako jeho předchůdci nasátý vánoční atmosférou...
          

Mold in housing in Baltimore City

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On November 12, the Baltimore City Council held an informational hearing about mold in housing in Baltimore City. Council members heard from city agencies, housing activists, and community residents about the negative health impacts that mold can cause, particularly to people already dealing with health problems, and programs to address mold problems in public housing, rental units, and private homes. As the City Council wrote in its call for the hearing,

Mold is a health danger to many vulnerable populations. It grows where there is moisture; walls, ceilings, carpets, tile, or furniture can all be good environments for mold. Mold allergies manifest themselves through watery eyes, nasal stuffiness, throat irritation, coughing, headaches, and difficulty breathing. People that are immune compromised or have chronic lung illness can get serious lung infections from mold exposure. The Institute of Medicine has found sufficient evidence to link indoor exposure to mold to upper respiratory tract symptoms, coughs, and wheezing in otherwise healthy people, and to asthma symptoms in people with asthma. Many children in Baltimore suffer from asthma, and their health is particularly at risk if they are exposed to mold in their homes. The Baltimore City Council is interested in learning about mold in housing and how we can protect our citizens from its dangers. 

Written reports from city agencies about mold in housing can be downloaded here

Because of the link between mold and asthma, we wrote to the City Council to bring attention to a recent report by our allies at the Environmental Integrity Project: "Asthma and Air Pollution in Baltimore City." (PDF)

 

Dear Baltimore City Council Housing and Urban Affairs Committee,

Clean Water Action is a national environmental advocacy organization with over 11,000 members in Baltimore City. We work for swimmable, fishable waters in Maryland, for safe drinking water, and for environmentally safe and healthy communities. Conditions within people’s homes have an enormous impact on public health and on many individual health conditions, and so we thank you for holding the Informational Hearing about Mold in Housing called for in Council Bill 19-0148R.

I am writing to call your attention to a recent study by our allies at the Environmental Integrity Project that may be useful in analyzing the current and future public health impacts of mold, and how they fall on different geographic areas and demographic populations in the city in unequal ways. In December 2017, EIP issued a report, attached, on asthma and air pollution in Baltimore City that analyzed a recently released set of zip-code level data on asthma hospitalizations and asthma emergency room visits.  While the focus of the report was on air pollution as an asthma trigger, the authors acknowledged in several places that many factors can act as asthma triggers, including mold. (See page 3 of the attached report.)

EIP analyzed the correlation between extreme asthma events in Baltimore and seven demographic markers of poverty.  Table 5, copied below, shows the correlation between each demographic category and asthma rates. Correlation coefficients are interpreted as showing stronger correlation the closer that they are to -1 or 1, and weaker correlation the closer that they are to 0.

The table shows that rates of asthma events are very strongly correlated with measures of poverty in Baltimore, particularly median household income and % of population using Medicaid.  Although EIP is not a group that specializes in housing or poverty issues, it is worth noting that the report’s authors concluded that: “[m]easures of poverty are strongly correlated with rates of acute asthma events in Baltimore, meaning that it is likely a combination of factors – including poor housing conditions and lack of access to preventative care – that is driving the high hospitalization and emergency room visit rates in Baltimore.” (See pages 45-46 of the attached report.)

Factors like mold in housing that are known to contribute to asthma and other respiratory conditions deserve increased attention as the city considers public health interventions, particularly given the disparate impact that asthma has on people in poverty. Geographically, these impacts fall along familiar lines in Baltimore City, with significantly higher incidents of asthma found in historically-redlined areas of East and West Baltimore, as evidenced by the above figure. (See page 15 of the attached report.) Further actions should be taken by the Council to investigate how city policy might be changed to improve asthma outcomes in these areas, particularly regarding improving housing conditions.

I also want to bring attention to one of the recommendations for further investigation that the City Council may be able to help move forward:

4. The Maryland Department of Health Should Make Asthma Data Available by Community Statistical Area for Baltimore City.

EIP is extremely appreciative of the time and resources that the Maryland Department of Health has expended in making available the zip code level asthma data discussed in this report. We are also very grateful to officials within the [Maryland] Department of Health for taking the time to provide helpful input in responses to questions that we have raised about the data as we wrote this report. However, there is a way in which the asthma data could be made even more helpful to residents of Baltimore City. The Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance (“BNIA)” tracks poverty and a number of other factors in the city at the level of community statistical areas, which are clusters of census tracts, and issues annual reports on this data called Vital Signs reports. If possible without violating privacy requirements, the Maryland Department of Health should make asthma data available at this level for Baltimore City. This data would allow a direct comparison with many of the factors tracked by BNIA, such as measures of poverty and also other measures relating to health and quality of life, including housing.  Being able to make a direct statistical correlation would assist in identifying the factors that are most contributing to the high asthma rates in Baltimore and could potentially identify any that might affect certain neighborhoods. (See pages 48-49 of the attached report.)

Encouraging the Maryland Department of Health to make this data set available to public interest organizations would be an extremely valuable way for the Baltimore City Council to improve public knowledge about the factors that may be exacerbating asthma trends, and how these trends may be correlated with housing stock and the prevalence of toxic mold.

As climate change threatens to bring more and more intense rainstorms to the mid-Atlantic region, and as our housing stock, stormwater infrastructure, and sewage infrastructure continues to age, it is important to consider what measures Baltimore City can take to reduce the factors that lead to mold growth in housing, and therefore reduce asthma triggers experienced daily by Baltimore residents. Please continue to push for improved housing stock, renovation, deconstruction, and high-quality affordable housing to improve public health.

Thank you,

Jennifer Kunze

Maryland Program Manager

Clean Water Action


          

"El de Macri fue un gobierno de obsecuentes", aseguró Monzó

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El presidente de la Cámara de Diputados, Emilio Monzó, lanzó munición pesada contra sus compañeros de espacio político al afirmar que el gobierno de Mauricio Macri terminó siendo uno de «obsecuentes» y aseguró que los funcionarios de Cambiemos «aislaron de la realidad» al presidente. "El principal error fue con el diseño de gobierno", afirmó.

Se explayó: "Marcos Peña ha sido una persona muy importante en el país y ha sido muy importante para Mauricio Macri. También ha mejorado mucho a la figura de Mauricio y ha aportado mucho. El poder es transferido por quien conduce el gobierno y Mauricio lo cargó en exceso, al definirlo como ‘sus ojos y su inteligencia’.

"El objetivo de Marcos es cuidar a Mauricio y ese objetivo, ese error de origen, marca los errores siguientes. Hace que los gobiernos tengan un perfil más de cortesanos que de gente que legitima políticamente. Ese error te lleva aislarte de la sociedad y aislar al presidente o al jefe de la realidad, porque la perdurabilidad de todos sus funcionarios depende más del humor de quien manda que del humor de la gente".

Producto de esto, aseveró que terminó tratándose de un «gobierno de obsecuentes», ya que Macri «no se rodeó de gente que tuviera legitimación política propia, que trajera un prestigio anterior frente a la sociedad y que discutiera las órdenes».

"Los funcionarios de este gobierno casi en un cien por ciento -salvo Rogelio (Frigerio) y Patricia (Bullrich)- dependen del poder de turno y siempre tendieron a mirar más al jefe que a la gente. Esto lo llevó a aislarse y a creer que una semana antes de las PASO podíamos ganar la elección", lamentó Monzó.

Añadió: "Y eso nos llevó a que 12 de agosto y durante 10 días viéramos a un presidente desnudo que le endilgaba a la sociedad la responsabilidad del resultado electoral. Vimos a un presidente enojado, porque llegó a una situación tan virtual y la realidad fue tan contundente que no lo pudieron aceptar. Ese es el error principal".

Asimismo, sobre el país que le dejará Macri al presidente electo, Alberto Fernández, el próximo 10 de diciembre, el presidente de la Cámara de Diputados explayó que, en cuanto a las «cosas buenas», Argentina es un "país insertado al mundo", puesto que "tuvo una política internacional ejemplar», cuestión que "no debería tener vuelta atrás". "Le deja un país con reglas de juego más claras, hay mucha más luz. Esto no tiene retorno y es bueno para nuestro país", agregó.

No obstante, aclaró que el gobierno dejará "cuentas pendientes muy importantes que vienen de hace muchísimos años", como por ejemplo "la pobreza y la economía". "Se necesita un acuerdo hacia los acreedores, pero también dentro del país para resolverlas. Me duele que dejamos el país con la misma confrontación que la que recibimos en 2015. Primero hay que curar esa herida y, como consecuencia de esa sutura, podremos superar las otras crisis», reflexionó.

Finalmente, expresó que está dispuesto "a colaborar en todo lo que pueda para que Alberto Fernández tenga éxito, porque eso va a hacer que vivamos mejor todos".
          

15 técnicas para ponerte en modo creativo

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Necesitamos creatividad en nuestras vidas. Para innovar en nuestro trabajo, para crear obras únicas, para sorprender a nuestra pareja, para mejorar como personas… Ayer hablé de los momentos más creativos del día. Hoy te propongo 15 técnicas para ponerte en modo creativo: ON Puedes suscribirte al canal de Telegram «El timbre del desarrollo personal». Recuerda Leer más15 técnicas para ponerte en modo creativo[…]

La entrada 15 técnicas para ponerte en modo creativo aparece primero en AVpodcast.


          

Υπολογιστής με την ταχύτητα του φωτός

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Υπολογιστής με την ταχύτητα του φωτός

Ο υπολογισμός με την ταχύτητα του φωτός ήταν για δεκαετίες μια δελεαστική αλλά εξαιρετικά αόριστη προοπτική, ωστόσο, πλέον παίρνει σάρκα και οστά στη μικρή πλατφόρμα που ανέπτυξαν οι καινοτόμοι επιστήμονες. Η ανακάλυψή τους ανοίγει τρομακτικές δυνατότητες για την τεχνολογία του μέλλοντος.

 

Το 1965, ο Γκόρντον Μουρ, ένας από τους ιδρυτές της Intel, παρατήρησε πως ο αριθμός των τρανζίστορ ενός πυκνού ολοκληρωμένου κυκλώματος διπλασιαζόταν κάθε δύο χρόνια και προέβλεψε πως η υπολογιστική ικανότητα θα συνεχίσει να αυξάνεται με αντίστοιχους ρυθμούς – γεγονός που θα έκανε την αύξησή της εκθετική. Η υπερφιλόδοξη πρόβλεψή του μετατράπηκε τελικά σε μια απίθανη πραγματικότητα. Οταν, τρία χρόνια μετά την αποτύπωση του Μουρ, η NASA έστειλε τον πρώτο άνθρωπο στο φεγγάρι, η υπολογιστική ικανότητα ολόκληρου του οργανισμού ήταν μικρότερη από εκείνη που περιέχουν σήμερα τα κινητά τηλέφωνα που κουβαλάμε στις τσέπες μας.

Ωστόσο, τα τελευταία χρόνια οι ρυθμοί του γνωστού «Νόμου του Μουρ» έχουν πλέον επιβραδυνθεί, και αρκετοί επιστήμονες εικάζουν πως η εκθετική ανάπτυξη της υπολογιστικής ικανότητας ίσως προσεγγίζει το τέλος της.

Μία ομάδα ερευνητών της μηχανικής νανοκλίμακας από το πανεπιστήμιο της Οξφόρδης έρχεται σήμερα να ανατρέψει αυτή την επιβράδυνση, χάρη σε μία συναρπαστική καινοτομία: την πρώτη νανοσκοπική μνήμη και υπολογιστική πλατφόρμα η οποία λειτουργεί ηλεκτρο-οπτικά. Με άλλα λόγια, οι ερευνητές –οι οποίοι συνεργάστηκαν με τα πανεπιστήμια του Μούνστερ και του Εξετερ– δημιούργησαν το πρώτο υπολογιστικό τσιπ το οποίο λειτουργεί τόσο με ρεύμα όσο και με φως.


Ο υπολογισμός με την ταχύτητα του φωτός ήταν για δεκαετίες μια δελεαστική αλλά εξαιρετικά αόριστη προοπτική, ωστόσο, πλέον παίρνει σάρκα και οστά στη μικρή πλατφόρμα που ανέπτυξαν οι καινοτόμοι επιστήμονες. Η ανακάλυψή τους ανοίγει τρομακτικές δυνατότητες για την τεχνολογία του μέλλοντος.

Ο υπολογισμός με την ταχύτητα του φωτός ήταν για δεκαετίες μια δελεαστική αλλά εξαιρετικά αόριστη προοπτική, ωστόσο πλέον παίρνει σάρκα και οστά στη μικρή πλατφόρμα που ανέπτυξαν οι καινοτόμοι επιστήμονες. Η ανακάλυψή τους ανοίγει τρομακτικές δυνατότητες για την τεχνολογία του μέλλοντος.

Στην ομάδα των ερευνητών που ενδέχεται να ανατρέψει τα δεδομένα της επιστήμης και της τεχνολογίας βρίσκεται και ένας νέος επιτυχημένος Ελληνας. Ο Νίκος Φαρμακίδης είναι μεταπτυχιακός φοιτητής στο πανεπιστήμιο της Οξφόρδης και ένας από τους κεντρικούς συγγραφείς της ανατρεπτικής έρευνας που δημοσιεύθηκε, χθες, στο περιοδικό Science Advances. «Κατασκευάσαμε και δείξαμε πειραματικά ότι μπορούμε να αποθηκεύσουμε δεδομένα και να πραγματοποιήσουμε υπολογισμούς όχι μόνο με ηλεκτρόνια όπως είθισται αλλά και με φωτόνια σε όγκο που δεν ξεπερνά το 1 ατολίτρο», αναφέρει στην «Κ» ο ερευνητής. «Η πραγματοποίηση υπολογισμών με την ταχύτητα του φωτός, με ταυτόχρονα τη δυνατότητα ενσωμάτωσης με ολοκληρωμένα ηλεκτρικά κυκλώματα, μπορεί δυνητικά να είναι ο δρόμος για να ξεπεραστούν οι δυσκολίες πάνω στην κατασκευή μικρότερων ημιαγωγών και να παραχθούν υπολογιστές και συσκευές νέας γενιάς με ασύλληπτες δυνατότητες», συμπληρώνει.

Παρότι συναντά κανείς καθημερινά ιστορίες για τις συναρπαστικές ικανότητες των σύγχρονων ρομπότ, η αλήθεια είναι πως ο ενθουσιασμός πολλές φορές νεφελώνει την τεχνολογική πραγματικότητα, η οποία συνεχίζει να είναι περιορισμένη. Σε πολλές περιπτώσεις, οι ανάγκες για τεχνητή νοημοσύνη υψηλής απόδοσης και ταυτόχρονα και χαμηλής ισχύος ξεπερνούν κατά πολύ τις τρέχουσες δυνατότητές μας. Ωστόσο, αν το μικρό τσιπ που πραγματοποιεί υπολογισμούς με την ταχύτητα του φωτός καταφέρει να κλιμακωθεί σε μέγεθος, τότε τα δεδομένα ανατρέπονται με τρόπους που η ανθρώπινη φαντασία δεν μπορεί ακόμα να προβλέψει. Το μόνο σίγουρο είναι πως η υπολογιστική ικανότητα, όχι απλά δεν πλησιάζει στο τέλος της εκθετικής της ανάπτυξης που προέβλεψε πριν από 53 χρόνια ο Μουρ, αλλά ετοιμάζεται να διανύσει ένα αστραπιαίο ταξίδι και να μας προσγειώσει έτη φωτός μπροστά.

Έντυπη


          

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