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Xingkong-2: China’s new missile threat?


Gen. John Hyten: ‘We don’t have any defense that could deny the employment of such a weapon against us’


‘A surprise for the enemy’: Iran’s new submarine-launched cruise missile enters mass production

Preview Iran has launched mass production of its new submarine-launched Jask cruise missile, the country’s Navy chief has said, adding that work on upgraded versions of the weapon is already in progress.
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Cold steel: Russia’s Kinzhal hypersonic missile ‘completes its first ARCTIC test’

Preview Russia’s new Kinzhal (‘Dagger’) air-launched hypersonic missile has been tested in freezing Arctic conditions. It successfully struck a land-based target in what was the maiden test of its kind, defense industry sources said.
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‘He may see a REAL ballistic missile soon’: Pyongyang riducules Shinzo Abe’s poor knowledge of rockets NK fired into Sea of Japan

Preview North Korea had some bold words for the Japanese PM, who mistook a long-range multiple rocket launch system, just tested by Pyongyang, for one of its ballistic missiles. Even civvies can spot the difference, an official quipped.
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Bellport MS Hosts Take a Vet to School Day

Bellport Middle School students were provided the opportunity to visit with veterans on Nov. 8 prior to the nation’s annual Veterans Day. During the Take a Vet to School program, 10 veterans visited classrooms to discuss their experiences during military service. This is the first year the District hosted the event. Rocco DeVito told the students about his experiences in the Navy and his service on the USS Carl Vinson, a supercarrier whose deck serves as a landing and takeoff location for planes. He shared a video of takeoff and landing, telling the students “They took off day and night, 24 hours a day.” Gary Travers, who was stationed in the U.S. Army’s Fort Hood base in Texas, described the Cuban Missile Crisis and how the U.S. prevented a nuclear war. Director of Humanities Jaclyn O’Hagan said the Take a Vet to School Program put veterans’ service into a real-life perspective and brought to life some of the historical events that students are currently learning about in their history classes.

Other: 15Y AH-64D Armament/Electrical/Avionics Systems Repairer - Houston, Texas

The AH-64 Apache helicopter is the most advanced multi-role combat helicopter in the Army National Guard, and it's up to you to keep the fleet mission-ready. As an AH-64D Armament/Electrical/Avionics Systems Repairer, your primary responsibility will be to maintain the electrical systems, and perform maintenance on the chopper's weaponry, including the advanced targeting system, 70mm rockets, and laser-guided Hellfire missiles. Through training and practice, you will learn how to repair and maintain the armament, electrical, and avionics systems and components of the Apache helicopter. Specific duties may include: diagnosing, troubleshooting and repairing armament, electrical and avionics systems and components; performing maintenance, modifications, and alignment on weapons components, fire control units, and sighting elements; performing operational and preventive checks on aircraft flight controls, stabilization systems, avionics, and controlled cryptographic equipment; troubleshooting equipment wiring harnesses; testing, troubleshooting, and repairing diagnostic equipment; and maintaining documentation and maintenance records. Job Duties • Maintain records on weapons and subsystems Some of the Skills You'll Learn • Electrical theory • Troubleshooting procedures • Soldering techniques • Electrical system maintenance Helpful Skills • Preference in mathematics and shop mechanics • Interest in working with electricity • Problem solving • Ability to use hand and power tools Through your training, you will develop the skills and experience to enjoy a civilian career with aircraft manufacturers, commercial airlines, and government agencies. Earn While You Learn Instead of paying to learn these skills, get paid to train. In the Army National Guard, you will learn these valuable job skills while earning a regular paycheck and qualifying for tuition assistance. Job training for an AH-64D Armament/Electrical/Avionics Systems Repairer consists of 10 weeks of Basic Training, where you'll learn basic Soldiering skills, and 24 weeks of Advanced Individual Training, including practice in repairing electrical systems. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field. Benefits/Requirements Benefits Paid training A monthly paycheck Montgomery GI Bill Federal and State tuition assistance Retirement benefits for part-time service Low-cost life insurance (up to $400,000 in coverage) 401(k)-type savings plan Student Loan Repayment Program (up to $50,000, for existing loans) Health care benefits available VA home loans Bonuses, if applicable Most non-prior service candidates will earn between $200 and $250 per drill weekend, subject to change Requirements Military enlistment in the Army National Guard Must be at least a junior in high school, or have a high school diploma or a GED certificate Must be between the ages of 17 and 35 Must be able to pass a physical exam and meet legal and moral standards Must meet citizenship requirements (see for details) Requires military enlistment. Programs and benefits are subject to change. Ask your Army National Guard recruiter for the most up-to-date information. Actual MOS assignment may depend on MOS availability. This position may qualify for a bonus, ask your National Guard recruiter for the most up-to-date information. ()

Japan Protected with SPY-7, LM's Latest Generation Radar Technology that Defends Against Ballistic Missile Threats

Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) and its trading partner in Japan recently contracted with the Japanese Ministry of Defense to produce two Solid State Radar (SSR) antenna sets for Aegis Ashore Japan. Recently designated by the U.S. Government as AN/SPY-7(V)1, this technology is derived from current radar programs and significant Lockheed Martin investment. Variants of the SPY-7 radar will also be utilized through partnerships with the U.S. Government, Spain and Canada. To date, the technology has

Gen. Jeff Harrigian visits Patriot Missile Battery

Gen. Jeff Harrigian, U.S. Air Forces in Europe and Air Forces Africa commander, discusses the
Gen. Jeff Harrigian, U.S. Air Forces in Europe and Air Forces Africa commander, discusses the Patriot Missile System with Soldiers from the 5th Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, Baumholder, Germany, at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, Nov. 6, 2019. Soldiers from the 5-7 ADA are completing their Table VIII certification and demonstrating their ability to deploy this defensive capability anytime, anywhere. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt Stephen Ocenosak)


Using .FORGET on a spell

I have tried searching and don't know if I am doing something wrong, this is a bug (known or not), or just not supported.  

For some reason .FORGET doesn't seem to work for me on a spell. I went back and recreated it with just the RSRD and a simple homebrew LST to make sure it was not something else in the datasets causing an issue.  

After trying this and reloading everything (even exiting the program just to make sure) 


And the spell is still showing up on the spell list for known spells.  What is odd is that I see an error introduced in the rsrd_kits.lst file with an unconstructed reference tot he spell Alarm so i am assuming it is actually forgetting it.  Likely the line in that file with the error is 

SPELLS:SPELLBOOK=Prepared Spells|Daze|Detect Magic=2|Resistance|Alarm|Charm Person|Color Spray|Mage Armor|Magic Missile=2|Blur|Bull's Strength|Darkness|Fox's Cunning|See Invisibility|Dispel Magic|Displacement|Fly|Lightning Bolt|Invisibility (Greater)|Phantasmal Killer|Scrying|Stoneskin|Hold Monster|Lightning Bolt[Empower Spell]|Wall of Force

So the question is if it is forgetting the spell, why is it showing up on the spell list of known spells  in the program?  Using a different spell (Hideous Laughter) which does NOT throw any errors 

Hideous Laughter.FORGET

I see the same thing.  Datasets load fine this time and show green. but when I go to add spells it is still on the list.  

I can .MOD and .COPY the spell just fine, it is when i just use .FORGET it doesn't seem to go away from the spell list. 

Am i doing something wrong or is this an issue?


Israeli Firm RADS Apologies To DRDO For Unintended Miscommunication


Israeli firm Rafael Advanced Defense Systems apologised to the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), a day after taking a jibe at India’s Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile which is being developed by the DRDO. ISRO To Launch Military Imaging Satellite; Will Track All Defence Movements of Pakistan, China? In a late-night statement issued via its […]

The post Israeli Firm RADS Apologies To DRDO For Unintended Miscommunication appeared first on EurAsian Times: Latest Asian, Middle-East, EurAsian, Indian News.


India, Israel In War Of Wards Over Spike Anti Tank Guided Missiles


A salacious war of words has broken out between Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and an Israeli firm over Spike Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM) which was recently supplied to the Indian Army. DRDO Equips Indian Tanks With Enhanced Night Vision Amid Tensions With Pakistan It all started when Israeli Rafael Advanced Systems compared […]

The post India, Israel In War Of Wards Over Spike Anti Tank Guided Missiles appeared first on EurAsian Times: Latest Asian, Middle-East, EurAsian, Indian News.


North Korea Fired Intercontinental Ballistic Missile US Confirms

South Korea — The Trump organization on Tuesday affirmed North Korea's claim that it had propelled an intercontinental ballistic rocket, and it revealed to Pyongyang that the United States would utili

Around the Air Force: Cyberspace Capabilities Center, AF Space Pitch Day, Employee Assistance Program

Today's look Around the Air Force features the opening of a new Cyberspace Capabilities Center, Air Force Space Pitch Day, and an update to Air Force Employee Assistance Program. Links: Air Force creates Cyberspace Capabilities Center Air Force creates Cyberspace Capabilities Center to streamline communications enterprise. The Air Force created a new Cyberspace Capabilities Center Nov. 7, in an effort to bridge cyber support gaps and synchronize enterprise requirements to best support today's warfighter. Air Force Welcomes Small Businesses to Pitch their Space Ideas Air Force welcomes small businesses to pitch their space ideas. With up to $50 million in contracts on the line, non-traditional and small businesses are gathering in San Francisco to attend the Air Force Space Pitch Day event hosted by the Space and Missile Systems Center Nov. 5-6. Air Force Employee Assistance Program: New phone number The Air Force Employee Assistance Program relaunched with a new phone number and new website.
Around the Air Force: Cyberspace Capabilities Center, AF Space Pitch Day, Employee Assistance Program

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Galactic Reassurances: No ‘Alien Invasion’ Permitted – Part 1/2

Let’s now look at what two of our sources have said about the cabal’s plans to mount a false-flag alien invasion and/or “Second Coming” – those who speak through Mike Quinsey and those who speak through Suzy Ward. It’s probable that the galactics’ neutralization of all nuclear missiles made them rethink their plans because the […]

Raising arrows: 100th Missile Defense Brigade family blends family from near, far

The VanDorstens are raising a family with biological children and children they adopted from China.
100th Missile Defense Brigade family blends family from near, far

100th Missile Defense Brigade family opens home to five foster kids

The Christensen family recently welcomed five foster kids into their home. Together, Sgt. Maj. Jeremy Christensen, the operations sergeant major for the 100th Missile Defense Brigade, and his wife Sasha balance work, life and their family. (U.S. Army National Guard video by Staff Sgt. Zachary Sheely)
100th Missile Defense Brigade family opens home to five foster kids

NGC to Advance IAMD Battle Command System

The U.S. Army awarded Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) a $60.6 million contract on October 11 for continued work on the Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS) program. This contract enables ongoing support for engineering, logistics, integration, test and evaluation, training and program management as IBCS progresses through the design and development phase in preparation for fielding. This work supports an upcoming IBCS Limited User Test (LUT), which

L’ONERA fragilisé, les études amont du Système de combat aérien du futur pourraient être confiées à l’Allemagne


L’Office national d’études et de recherches aérospatiales [ONERA] est appelé à tenir un rôle important [voire crucial] dans plusieurs programmes lancés par le ministère des Armées. En effet, il est notamment impliqué dans le développement du Système de combat aérien du futur [SCAF], du démonstrateur hypersonique V-MAX, du missile ASN4G, pour la composante aéroportée de...

Cet article L’ONERA fragilisé, les études amont du Système de combat aérien du futur pourraient être confiées à l’Allemagne est apparu en premier sur Zone Militaire.


BBJ Sim Racing PC USB 27 Function Pro Series Button Box With Key Switch Red/Carb

BBJ SimRacing 27 Function Pro Button Box for use with Racing games, Simulators and flight simulators etc. 2018 re-design of the BBJ SimRacing’Pro’ Series Button Box. Features 2x 12mm latching toggle switches with missile style safety covers, 4x 12mm momentary toggle switches, 4x rotary encoders, 12x push to make switches (four combined into the rotary […]

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Northrop Grumman, MBDA and Saab Demonstrate the Integration of Disparate Missile and Radar Systems into Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Manager


Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC), MBDA and Saab have successfully completed a joint, collaborative effort to demonstrate the ability to integrate MBDA's Common Anti-air Modular Missile (CAMM) family and Saab's Giraffe radar system family into Northrop Grumman's Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS).  CAMM was the first non-U.S. missile system  to be demonstrated with IBCS earlier this year, and Giraffe represents the first non-U.S. sensor system to...

Read the full story at


Engineering: Missile Modeling and Simulation Engineer (Grand Prairie, TX) - Kennedale, Texas

Description:Lockheed Martin is looking for a modeling and simulation engineer for simulation efforts for a fast-paced new missile program. This program is part of our Tactical Missiles Advanced Programs portfolio at our Missiles and Fire Control location in Grand Prairie, TX. As the simulation engineer on a new program, you will shape the simulation efforts for the next generation of advanced missile defense, coordinate with other disciplines, and work among a small but growing development team from concept development through hardware-in-the-loop and flight testing. The small team environment will also provide the opportunity for hands-on modeling and simulation coding. Basic Qualifications: --- Must currently posses a Secret security clearance or higher. --- Education: Bachelors degree or higher from an accredited college in Electrical, Mechanical, Computer engineering, Physics, Mathematics or related discipline. --- Combined education (above), with 2 years of professional experience or 0 years of experience with a related Masters degree. Experience with the following: --- FORTRAN, C++, Ada, or scripting languages (Python, Perl). --- MATLAB. --- Linux. --- Configuration management of software or simulation development efforts. Desired Skills: --- Hardware-in-the-loop simulation testing. --- CORBA and socket communications. BASIC QUALIFICATIONS: job.Qualifications Lockheed Martin is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, age, protected veteran status, or disability status. Join us at Lockheed Martin, where your mission is ours. Our customers tackle the hardest missions. Those that demand extraordinary amounts of courage, resilience and precision. They're dangerous. Critical. Sometimes they even provide an opportunity to change the world and save lives. Those are the missions we care about. As a leading technology innovation company, Lockheed Martin's vast team works with partners around the world to bring proven performance to our customers' toughest challenges. Lockheed Martin has employees based in many states throughout the U.S., and Internationally, with business locations in many nations and territories. EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Experienced Professional ()

Iran Navy starts mass production of ‘Jask’ cruise missile, unveils other military projects

The Jask is a locally developed submarine--launched cruise missile

North Korea fires unidentified projectiles: South Korea military


November 28 (Reuters) – North Korea fired unidentified projectiles on Thursday, South Korea’s military said, the first such launch in nearly a month, amid a stalemate in denuclearization talks between Pyongyang and Washington, as a year-end deadline looms to strike a deal. Japan’s Coast Guard said it had detected what appeared to be a missile launched […]

The post North Korea fires unidentified projectiles: South Korea military appeared first on NewsIn.Asia.


India’s Army to Deploy Third Generation Anti-Tank Guided Missiles in Jammu and Kashmir

The Indian Army has reportedly been inducting the Israeli-made Spike anti-tank guided missile system along the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.

Fit Kitchen: The Typhoon

Amy Austrene here to talk about Typhoons, missiles, and all things nanogang.

Navy: Production of Jask Cruise Missile Begins


Entre la Corée du Nord et les États-Unis, la “paix nucléaire” est encore loin

Jeudi 28 novembre, la Corée du Nord a lancé deux missiles à courte portée dans les eaux du pacifique, dénonce la Corée du Sud. Selon la presse américaine, ce geste est symbolique de l’insatisfaction de Kim Jong-un vis-à-vis d’une négociation avec Donald Trump qui n’en finit plus de stagner.

1/72 SH-3D Sea King Apollo Recovery - Super Decal Sheet Included


Price: R 392.00


The twin-engine helicopter SH-3 Sea King, developed and produced by the American company Sikorsky Aircraft, entered service in the 60s and it was widely used for years by the U.S. Navy to carry out numerous tasks and operational activities. It's main role of Anti-submariner warfare (ASW) helicopter was flanked by transportation and Search and Rescue (SAR) missions.

Thanks to its design based on a sturdy structure, the folding main rotor blades and the tail section, the Sea King was the ideal solution to be used in naval-orientated operations and to be used on-board of the U.S. Navy ships. Furthermore the Sea King was the first helicopter to have amphibious capabilities. It could load a wide variety of armament as torpedoes, depth charges and anti-ship missiles.

The SH-3 Sea King was also produced under license in Japan, in United Kingdom and in Italy. Among the most interesting version the Sea King S.A.R. that recovered the crew of the lunar mission ''Apollo'' in 1969.

Type: Transport and observation helicopters
Period: 1970/1980
Country: United States
Skill: 3
Model Dim.: 30,7 cm
Box Dim.: 352 x 242 x 60 mm


Missiles in SWADE

So, community, help me to understand how missiles work in SWADE, mostly timing issues. First of all, there's the Lock opposed roll, and this is...


Filière principale / Métier principal : Recherche, conception et développement/Logiciel
Type contrat : CDI
Description du poste :
Attached to the Electronics and Software Products Department and in the Software Department Embedded and electronic, you join the teams in charge of software validation applications for our client ZODIAC AEROSPACE. You will participate in various V&V projects for software testing (for example: mission preparation and conduct for drone, helicopter or aircraft, guidance and registration of missile according to targets, air base management or mapping on tablet.) The work consists of: - Test new software modules or patches (MCO) on the software platform - Intervene in the integration phases and ensure functional validation - Script writing and test automation - Write the documentation (test plan, recipe book, etc.), - Guarantee the support and capitalization. We offer; French Contract; CDI Tull time High Social Benefits Salary according with experience

You have a 5-year university degree in the field of engineering with a specialization in Computer Science and software. - You are familiar with test tools (RTRT, HP Quality center,...), the V-cycle. - You ideally have at least two years of experience in V&V. - Good knowledge of Windows and Linux environments, configuration management: SVN, GIT. - Good team spirit, Rigour.
Ville : Montreuil
Niveau d'études min. requis : Bac
Langue / Niveau :
Anglais : Courant
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Français : Courant


Missile Attack

Missile Attack


 Quick description

Arcade action game from Doctor Soft.


Turkish lira, stocks under pressure on concerns over S-400 missile dispute

The Turkish lira came under pressure on Tuesday amid rising concerns following Turkey’s decision to test radars from its new S-400 Russian missile defense system using American-made F-16 jets, a

Secretary General: UK's nuclear weapons important to Nato 

The SNP oppose nuclear weapons and have called for the removal of the Trident missile system.

Terminator Salvation T-1 T1 Figure Complete With Missiles 2009 Playmates Toys

End Date: Wednesday Dec-18-2019 19:53:01 PST
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Pakistan’s KSEW Launches Fourth Fast Attack Craft (Missile)

Karachi Shipyard & Engineering Works (KSEW) launched the Pakistan Navy’s (PN) fourth Azmat-class fast attack craft (missile) – or FAC(M) – on 27 November 2019.

North Korea calls Japanese PM Shinzo Abe 'most stupid man' in dispute over launch

North Korea fired verbal shots at Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Saturday for mistaking Pyongyang's recent test-fire of its super-large multiple launch rocket system for a ballistic missile launch.

Turkey Crossed Red Line When it Started Testing S-400 Radars: US Senator

US Democratic Senator Chris Van Hollen stated that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had crossed “another red line on the S-400s” by starting to test the missile systems’ radars. “Two weeks after his WH visit, Erdogan is thumbing his nose at [US President Donald] Trump, the U.S. + NATO”, Van Hollen tweeted on Monday, urging ...

3-4 Air Defense Artillery Soldiers remain ready and resilient [Image 4 of 9]

U.S. Army Spc. Tristan Briller assigned to Echo Battery, 3-4 Air Defense Artillery Regiment, is rigged with a Stinger Missile Jump Pack Nov. 21, 2019 at Fort Bragg, N.C. The purpose of Echo Battery paratroopers jumping with SMJPs is to enhance familiarity with combat equipment and ensure mission readiness. (U.S. Army Photo by Pfc. Nathaniel Gayle, 22nd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment)
3-4 Air Defense Artillery Soldiers remain ready and resilient [Image 4 of 9]

3-4 Air Defense Artillery Soldiers remain ready and resilient [Image 5 of 9]

A Soldier assigned to Echo Battery, 3-4 Air Defense Artillery Regiment, executes a T-11 Main Parachute jump with a Stinger Missile Jump Pack from a United States Air Force C-130J aircraft Nov. 21 2019 at Holland Drop Zone, Fort Bragg, N.C. The purpose of Echo Battery paratroopers jumping with SMJPs is to enhance familiarity with combat equipment and ensure mission readiness. (U.S. Army Photo by Pfc. Nathaniel Gayle, 22nd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment)
3-4 Air Defense Artillery Soldiers remain ready and resilient [Image 5 of 9]

3-4 Air Defense Artillery Soldiers remain ready and resilient

Soldiers assigned to Echo Battery, 3-4 Air Defense Artillery Regiment conducted Airborne operations to remain ready and resilient Nov. 21, 2019 at Fort Bragg, N.C. These are valuable Soldier qualities that are adjacent and instrumental to ensuring mission readiness within their unit and the Army as a whole. Soldiers within Echo Battery performed multiple T-11 main parachute jumps from a United States Air Force C-130J aircraft while equipped with Stinger Missile jump packs and other combat equipment. Every operation provides opportunities for Soldiers to enhance familiarity with equipment and foster trust.
3-4 Air Defense Artillery Soldiers remain ready and resilient [Image 9 of 9]

European Security in Crisis: What to Expect if the United States Withdraws from NATO


It is February 2021. A few months after his re-election as president of the United States, Donald Trump declares that NATO has become obsolete and the United States withdraws from the alliance. All U.S. forces — military personnel and equipment — including nuclear and missile defense assets will be withdrawn from Europe as soon as […]

The post European Security in Crisis: What to Expect if the United States Withdraws from NATO appeared first on War on the Rocks.


Echo Battery, 3-4 Air Defense Artillery Regiment, Stinger Missile Jump Operation

Paratroopers assigned to Echo Battery, 3-4 ADAR, 108th ADA, descend from the skies as they conduct Stinger Missile Jump Pack airborne operations on November 21, 2019, at Holland Drop Zone, Fort Bragg, North Carolina. The airborne operation presented an opportunity to enhance Soldier and unit readiness. (U.S. Army video by Pfc. Daniel Alkana, 22nd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment)
Echo Battery, 3-4 Air Defense Artillery Regiment, Stinger Missile Jump Operation

America's troubled alliance with Ukraine


How did the U.S. become so involved with this former Soviet republic? Here's everything you need to know:

How did modern Ukraine emerge?
Ukraine's history is intertwined with Russia's. Both cultures descend from the medieval Slavic empire Kievan Rus, founded by Vikings in the 9th century with a capital where Kyiv stands today. After the empire was overrun by Mongol invaders in the 13th century, the Rus leadership moved northeastward, to a small trading outpost called Moscow. The lands around Kyiv were carved up by competing powers, who prized the fertile plains and rich, dark soil that later earned Ukraine the nickname "the breadbasket of Europe." Poland and Lithuania dominated the country for hundreds of years, but by the end of the 18th century, the Russian Empire had taken the eastern lands, while the western were controlled by the Austro-Hungarian Empire — a division that resonates to this day. Both empires collapsed at the end of World War I, and in 1917 a Ukrainian state was declared, but it was quickly swallowed by the communist Soviet Union. It was only in 1991, after the Soviet Union dissolved, that the modern borders of Ukraine were established. Russia has never really accepted Ukraine's independence, and Ukraine has been careening between pro-Western and pro-Russian leaders ever since.

Why do Russians still see it as theirs?
The cultural and Orthodox religious ties between the two peoples go back centuries. But perhaps more importantly, Russia has no natural mountain or river borders to protect its western front, and it has long seen Ukraine as a vital strategic buffer. "Russia without Ukraine is a country," explains Daniel Drezner, an international politics professor at Tufts University. "Russia with Ukraine is an empire." Russian President Vladimir Putin wants at all costs to keep Ukraine out of the European Union and NATO, and he has used Ukraine's dependence on Russian natural gas as a weapon — cutting off supplies in 2006 as Ukrainians froze in the winter cold. Ukraine is bitterly divided between Ukrainian speakers in the west, who mostly want to align their country with the West, and Russian speakers in the east.

Why did the U.S. get involved?
Since 1991, the U.S. has sought to guarantee Ukraine's independence and security, seeing it as a key bridge between East and West. When the USSR dissolved, Ukraine inherited the third-largest nuclear arsenal in the world, with some 1,900 strategic nuclear weapons pointed at the United States. Keen to avoid a proliferation of nuclear powers, the U.S., U.K., and Russia in 1994 signed the Budapest Memorandum, which transferred the weapons to Russia in exchange for a commitment by Washington, Moscow, and London to "respect the independence and sovereignty and existing borders of Ukraine" and to "refrain from the threat or use of force" against it. Russia continued meddling in Ukrainian politics, though, and overtly broke the treaty in 2014.

What did Russia do?
Ukraine's 2004 election was a showdown between pro-Western Viktor Yushchenko and pro-Russian Viktor Yanukovych. During the campaign, Yushchenko was disfigured by dioxin poisoning widely attributed to Russia, and after the vote was rigged for Yanukovych, Ukrainians rose up in the Orange Revolution, which culminated in a revote and a victory for Yushchenko. In the 2010 election, though, Yanukovych came roaring back to win the presidency with the help of both Russia and American political consultant Paul Manafort. In 2013, Moscow forced Yanukovych to cancel the country's bid to move closer to the EU, leading to an uprising that forced Yanukovych out. In the tumult that ensued, Russia invaded and annexed Crimea and later sent troops into Ukraine's eastern regions to start a separatist war. The Obama administration punished Russia with sanctions, but chose not to send weapons to Ukraine out of fear of triggering a larger war.

How is the war going?
Armed by Russia and supported by Russian paramilitaries, two ­Russian-­speaking Ukrain­ian regions collectively called the Donbass declared independence in 2014 and have been fighting with Ukraine ever since. An estimated 13,000 people have been killed and some 1.5 million displaced. In 2018, then–­national security adviser H.R. McMaster and other aides persuaded a reluctant Pres­i­dent Trump to send $400 million in military aid to Kyiv, including counter-artillery radar systems and Javelin anti-tank missiles. Without that aid, Mariya Omelicheva of the Pen­ta­gon's Nation­al De­fense Uni­ver­si­ty told The Atlan­tic, the 300-mile-long front line in the eastern Don­bass region "would have been moved further west into Ukraine, and ­Russia-backed rebels would have controlled more Ukrain­ian territory." That's why the possibility of U.S. aid being held up — the subject of the impeachment ­inquiry — is so important to Ukraine. Ukraine's new president, Volody­myr Zelen­sky, finds himself caught in a struggle between Democrats and Trump — who has reportedly been echoing Vladimir Putin's claim that Ukraine is corrupt and "not a real country."

Americans cash in
As Ukraine emerged from communism and struggled to build a rule-of-law economy, politically connected Amer­i­cans saw ways to make money. Paul Mana­fort, President Trump's former campaign manager, earned at least $13 million — and possibly much more — ­working for pro-­Russian Ukrainian oligarchs. His consultancy for a pro-Russian party that tried to undermine the U.S. alliance with Ukraine was crucial to the triumph of Yanu­ko­vych in the 2010 election. Mana­fort is now serving 7½ years in prison for tax fraud over those earnings. Joe Biden's son Hunter joined the board of Buris­ma, a Ukrain­ian gas company, in 2014 at a reported salary of tens of thousands of dollars a month, although there is no indication that either Biden broke any laws. Rudy Giu­li­ani, meanwhile, the president's personal lawyer, had a 2017 ­security-­consulting contract with the Ukrain­ian city of Kharkiv, and in 2018 he began working with two Soviet-born Amer­i­can executives, Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman, Repub­li­can donors who wanted to sell gas to Ukraine. Federal prosecutors have indicted Par­nas and Fru­man for illegal campaign contributions and are now reportedly investigating whether Giu­li­ani "stood to profit personally from a Ukrain­ian natural-gas business" pushed by those two men.


10 things you need to know today: November 29, 2019



President Trump made a surprise visit to Afghanistan on Thursday to spend part of Thanksgiving with U.S. troops. During the visit, Trump's first to Afghanistan, he announced that the U.S. and the Taliban have reopened peace talks. He said he believes the Taliban want a truce in America's longest war. "We're meeting with them," Trump said. "And we're saying it has to be a ceasefire." Trump had cut off talks with the Taliban in September and canceled a secret meeting between Taliban and Afghan leaders after a flurry of violence. During Trump's 3 1/2 hours at Bagram Air Field, Trump also served turkey to U.S. soldiers, who cheered him when he entered the dining hall. About 12,000 American troops remain in Afghanistan. [The Associated Press]


Police restored school administrators' control of Hong Kong Polytechnic University on Friday, declaring that there were no pro-democracy protesters left on the wrecked campus after a two-week siege. Police arrested hundreds of protesters during the showdown. On Thursday, a team of about 400 officers conducted a sweep of the university, and found nearly 4,000 firebombs, 921 gas canisters, and 588 containers of chemicals, including acid and other corrosive liquids. The transfer of control back to school officials marked the end of one of the most intense clashes between protesters and police in a month of escalating unrest following the death of a student who fell from a parking structure during a police operation. [The New York Times, South China Morning Post]


North Korea on Thursday launched two short-range projectiles into the waters off its east coast, South Korea's military said. "Our military expresses its strong regret over (the launches) and urges (North Korea) to immediately stop acts that escalate military tensions," said Maj. Gen. Jeon Dong Jin, a senior operations officer at Seoul's Joint Chiefs of Staff. The missile test came three days after North Korea said its soldiers had held artillery drills near a disputed sea boundary. The latest missile launches were the 13th public weapons test conducted by North Korea this year as Pyongyang pushes for a new U.S. proposal to resume stalled talks on trading nuclear concessions for sanctions relief. [The Associated Press, The Washington Post]


The European Parliament on Thursday passed a symbolic measure declaring a "climate emergency." The move raises pressure on member states to take action to curb emissions blamed for climate change ahead of a United Nations climate summit starting Dec. 2 in Spain. In recent months, hundreds of regional and local administrations have approved similar declarations, but Thursday's vote was significant because the European lawmakers who passed the measure represent 500 million people. "Five years ago, no one would have expected the European Parliament to declare a climate emergency, so there's some progress," said Sebastian Mang of Greenpeace. Dissenters in the 429-225 vote objected to the use of the word "emergency," suggesting the use of "urgency" instead. [The Washington Post, Reuters]


The holiday shopping season kicks off on Friday with traditional Black Friday sales. Many retailers got a jump on the competition by getting started with deep discounts on Thanksgiving Day, and analysts forecast data to show that online shoppers spent a record $4 billion on Thanksgiving. The total had already reached $2.1 billion as of 5 p.m. Thursday, a 20.2 percent increase compared to the same point last year. Demand was so high on Thursday that Costco's website and app were briefly hampered by heavy traffic. Black Friday is continuing to evolve, as many stores try to snag a bigger share of holiday sales by cutting prices days or even weeks before what used to be a one-day shopping frenzy. Shoppers are expected to spend up to $731 billion in November and December, roughly 4 percent more than in the same period last year. [USA Today, MarketWatch]


Powerful winter storms hammered parts of the country on Thursday, complicating Thanksgiving travel. Heavy snow forced the closure of Interstate 5, a major highway in Southern California, leaving dozens of vehicles stuck with snow still falling. The highway, which joins Southern California with the rest of the state, was reopened later in the day, but forecasters warned more snow and rain could fall in the area. A so-called bomb cyclone, with a rapid drop in atmospheric pressure, brought up to four feet of snow in some mountainous areas in the Pacific Northwest. The winter storm was expected to move east, bringing snow and high winds across much of the West before continuing toward the Great Plains late on Friday. [Reuters]


Gordon Sondland, the U.S. ambassador to the European Union and a key witness in the impeachment inquiry against President Trump, on Thursday reiterated his denial of sexual misconduct allegations made by three women in an article jointly published Wednesday by ProPublica and Portland Monthly magazine. In the article, Sondland said the claims were "concocted" for "political purposes." One of the women said Sondland backtracked on plans to invest in her business after she rejected his advances during a tour of a hotel he owns. Another accuser, a work associate, said Sondland exposed himself to her. The third, who is 27 years younger than Sondland, said he forcibly kissed her when they met to discuss a possible job. One of the accusers, Nicole Vogel, owns Portland Monthly. The alleged incidents took place years ago, before Sondland was named as Trump's E.U. ambassador. [The Wall Street Journal, ProPublica]


Thousands of demonstrators rallied in Hong Kong on Thursday to express appreciation for two U.S. laws supporting human rights in the Chinese-ruled semi-autonomous city. President Trump signed the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act on Wednesday. It requires an annual review to confirm that the former British colony still has enough autonomy to justify its special trade status. "I guess Trump wanted to give us a Thanksgiving present, and we're glad to accept," said Wong Yiu-chung, a Lingnan University politics professor who attended the rally. Chinese officials on Thursday angrily condemned the U.S. measures as "an epitome of gangster violence," and an act of foreign meddling intended to hurt China's economic growth. [Los Angeles Times]


Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Thursday urged President Trump to avoid commenting on Britain's upcoming election during next week's NATO summit in London. "The best (thing) when you have close friends and allies like the U.S. and the UK is for neither side to get involved in each other's election," Johnson told LBC radio. Johnson pushed for the early election hoping to break a stalemate over Britain's planned exit from the European Union. Trump has already made controversial comments in the vote, saying in October that Johnson should join forces with Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage and that the opposition Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn would be "so bad" for the country. [Reuters]


Acclaimed American free-solo rock climber Brad Gobright died in a fall while on a well-known path on a rock known as El Sendero Luminoso, or the Shining Path, in northern Mexico's Potrero Chico national park, Mexican authorities said. His body was recovered Thursday. Gobright and a climbing partner, Aidan Jacobson, fell about 20 feet to a ledge after their rope got stuck, but Jacobson landed in a bush, which broke his fall. "It was basically a blur," Jacobson, 26, told Outside magazine. "He screamed. I screamed. I went through some vegetation, and then all I remember is seeing his blue Gramicci shirt bounce over the edge." Gobright fell nearly 985 feet to his death, which the State Department confirmed in a statement, saying, "We offer our sincerest condolences to his family on their loss." [CNN, The New York Times]


Turkey's Burgeoning Nuclear Ambitions Raise Concerns

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey, in an address on September 4 this year to his ruling Justice and Development Party's governing body, spoke openly of his country's nuclear ambitions. "Some countries have missiles with nuclear warheads, not one

It’s No Longer Just Donald Trump Questioning What NATO Does


It’s No Longer Just Donald Trump Questioning What NATO Does(Bloomberg) -- What was conceived as a celebration for one of the world’s most important military alliances risks becoming a show of disunity -- and this time it’s not because of anything Donald Trump has said or done.Meeting in London this week, leaders of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization have two other presidents to worry about: France’s Emmanuel Macron, who recently has openly questioned the collective defense clause at NATO’s heart, and Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has troubled alliance members with his decisions to send troops into Syria and buy a Russian anti-missile system.To make matters worse, Macron and Erdogan are now trading insults in public.In fact, so much has changed since then-Prime Minister Theresa May offered to host the two-day commemoration of NATO’s 70th anniversary that her successor, Boris Johnson could be forgiven for wishing she hadn’t.“I will tell you again at NATO, first check your own brain death,” Erdogan said, addressing Macron in a speech from Istanbul on Friday. He was referring to an interview the French leader gave last month in which he not only criticized Turkey, but described the alliance as brain dead.With three significant member states bringing conflicting agendas to the table at a gathering that takes place in the closing stretch of a charged U.K. election campaign, the event risks fanning concern about NATO’s future, rather than celebrating what alliance officials and leaders routinely call the most successful military grouping in history.Why NATO, at 70, Is Facing New Doubt and CriticismOfficials from the U.S. and Britain were at pains last week to highlight NATO’s successes, including a renewed sense of purpose since Russia’s 2014 aggression in Ukraine. Defense spending is on the rise and NATO is expanding into counter-terrorism, cyber security, and now even space.NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg pushed back against Macron’s portrayal of the alliance as ailing. The two met in Paris last week.And the alliance does continue to attract. North Macedonia, set to join next year, will bring the leaders at the table this week to 30, up from 15 when the Berlin Wall fell in 1989.Such accomplishments however are being drowned out by the increasingly public dispute over what NATO should focus on, and what it should stand for. In an apparent attempt to contain the debate, Germany has proposed forming an expert group to report on the future political shape of the alliance.Macron drove Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel to make a spirited defense of the alliance last week, telling lawmakers in Berlin that “Europe cannot currently defend itself alone.” Long part of the glue that has solidified NATO, Merkel’s position is now under threat at home, however, after her center-left coalition partner elected a new, more radical leadership.Erdogan May Seek EU Money Even as He Trades Insults With MacronA senior U.S. official said on Friday that Trump would prioritize enlisting NATO to push back against China’s growing influence. The official said Trump would also press allies to increase defense spending and to exclude Chinese companies from the construction of 5G mobile networks, something many have been unwilling to do.Instead of containing China, Macron wants NATO to prioritize the fight against terrorism. Thirteen French soldiers died in Mali last week and a lone terrorist on Friday killed two people in London. A French official said Macron also plans to press for greater “operational” burden-sharing as a way of complementing Trump’s push for Europe to carry more of the alliance’s financial burden.Erdogan, meanwhile, is demanding acceptance of Turkish goals in northern Syria, including classifying as a terrorist threat the Kurdish militias that have fought Islamic State alongside other NATO allies. He also rubbed salt into another open wound in Turkey’s ties with Western allies, by unpacking and testing the NATO non-compatible S-400 air defense system he recently bought from Russia.NATO Foresees More Europe Defense Outlays as It Braces for TrumpAnd that’s all before Trump makes his first tweet at the event. The U.S. president will arrive distracted by pressures at home, where he is the subject of impeachment proceedings.“It will be a great tribute to how much all the NATO allies value the institution if we manage to get through this leaders meeting without President Trump, President Macron or President Erdogan doing something damaging to the alliance,” said Kori Schake, a former National Security Council official in the George W. Bush administration who is now deputy director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies.The shortened time frame –- formal sessions will take only about four hours -- may limit the potential for damage. Long term NATO watchers also caution against exaggerating the dangers of intra-alliance tensions, which aren’t new to an organization that includes countries with differing geographies and security priorities.Macron’s questioning of the collective defense commitment at NATO’s heart is dangerous, but in many ways he is simply reverting to France’s traditionally semi-detached status. President Charles De Gaulle pulled out of the organization’s military command structure in 1966, and France rejoined only in 2009.Macron Says NATO Should Shift Its Focus Away From Russia“It’s not a fashionable view, I know,” said Sir Adam Thomson, the U.K.’s envoy to NATO from 2014-2016, but NATO “has been pursuing a new vision since the end of the Cold War and, to some extent, it’s already got a lot of the material.”He cited three new roles since the Cold War: Crisis management in places like Afghanistan, keeping a lid on potential disputes between members in eastern Europe, and building partnerships with dozens of non-member countries.As the site of NATO’s first headquarters, London was a natural choice for this week’s anniversary. It was also supposed to make a statement on the global stature of a new post-Brexit Britain.Johnson Plans Major Review of U.K.’s Defense, Foreign PolicyBrexit, however, has since been delayed. Johnson also called a snap election for Dec. 12. With anti-Trump protests planned, the opposition Labour Party hopes to capitalize on the U.S. president’s unpopularity and friendship with Johnson.Were Johnson to lose to Labour’s Jeremy Corbyn, that would give NATO yet another individual to worry about at its next summit, due in 2021.Over his career the socialist firebrand has called NATO “a danger to world peace and a danger to world security”. He has more recently fallen into line with party policy, which is for the U.K. to stay in the alliance, but he’d likely prove another awkward partner.The last time Britain hosted NATO leaders, in 2014, he told an anti-NATO rally the end of the Cold War “should have been the time for NATO to shut up shop, give up, go home and go away.”\--With assistance from Onur Ant, Geraldine Amiel and Justin Sink.To contact the reporters on this story: Marc Champion in London at;Jonathan Stearns in Brussels at jstearns2@bloomberg.netTo contact the editors responsible for this story: Rosalind Mathieson at, Flavia Krause-JacksonFor more articles like this, please visit us at©2019 Bloomberg L.P.


The U.S. Army’s Worst Tradition: Never Ready for the Next War


The U.S. Army’s Worst Tradition: Never Ready for the Next WarGettySince the end of the Cold War, the U.S. Army has been consistently ranked as the most capable land force on the globe by defense analysts of all stripes. So why are so many people in the American military community today worried about the Army’s ability to deter conflicts with likely adversaries or prevail against those adversaries in future wars?The short answer is that warfare, always a mysterious amalgam of art, science, and guts, has become an increasingly complicated and unpredictable enterprise. America’s leading potential adversaries, China and Russia, have shown no small measure of imagination and dexterity in identifying the U.S. armed forces’ vulnerabilities, and exploiting them through the development of subtle yet aggressive geopolitical strategies, and increasingly lethal armed forces.Both “near peer competitors” may well be ahead of the U.S. military in applying newly emerging technologies—artificial intelligence, machine learning, autonomous systems, hypersonic weapons, and nanotechnology—to the ancient military problems of constricting an adversary’s maneuver, neutralizing its offensive weapons, and disrupting its command and control.These cutting-edge technologies, writes Christian Brose, Senior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, “will enable new battle networks of sensors and shooters to rapidly accelerate the process of detecting, targeting, and striking threats, what the military calls the ‘kill chain.’”Mattis: ‘No Enemy’ Has Done More Harm to Military Readiness Than CongressHow is it that “the most lethal land force in world history” finds itself in this unenviable position? While the Army exhausted itself fighting two frustrating and inconclusive wars in Afghanistan and Iraq over the last 19 years, both Russia and China embarked on grand strategies of regional hegemony designed to undermine the rules-based international order that emerged after World War II under American leadership. Both of these rising powers have developed myriad ways to sew discord and dissent in America’s network of alliances and to expand their spheres of influence.Beijing presents its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as the best path for underdeveloped countries in Asia and Africa to gain access to modern infrastructure, capital, and prosperity. In practice, it’s plain that under the guise of building ports, roads, and communications infrastructure around the globe, China is engaged in predatory lending practices meant to gain political leverage and privileged access to foreign assets.In the South China Sea, Beijing has militarized seven hotly disputed islets, and is attempting to pinch the U.S. forces out of this strategically sensitive area entirely, even though international courts have declared China’s claims to these waters to be without foundation.Meanwhile, Vladimir Putin has run rings around the Obama and Trump administrations in the chess game of international politics. He successfully annexed the Crimea in 2014 from Ukraine, and interfered in the presidential election of 2016 via “active measures,” i.e., information warfare aimed at creating confusion and conflict in the American body politic. Moscow also successfully intervened on behalf of the brutal Assad regime in Syria, and Russia is now a major player in the Middle East.As demonstrated in the Ukraine, the Russians are the master practitioners of “hybrid warfare,” in which conventional military operations—and the threat of such operations—are closely integrated with propaganda, proxy campaigns, cyber warfare, coercive diplomacy, and economic threats.Both Russia and China have revitalized creaky and obsolete military establishments into first-class warfighting organizations. The consensus among Western military analysts is that in their respective spheres of influence, both countries have sufficiently sophisticated “anti-access area denial” (A2AD) capabilities to inflict severe punishment on American forces attempting to penetrate those spheres in order to challenge aggression or come to the aid of an ally. According to Army General Mark Milley, chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, both Russia and China are “deploying capabilities to fight the United States through multiple levels of standoff in all domains—space, cyber, air, sea, and land. The military problem we face is defeating multiple levels of standoff… in order to maintain the coherence of our operations.”Gen. Milley and the rest of the Army’s top brass are well aware that their service is currently a rusty instrument for carrying out high intensity operations warfare against either potential adversary. The Army Strategy, an 11-page, single-spaced document published in October 2018, provides a rough blueprint for the service’s plan to transform itself from a counterinsurgency-oriented organization into the leading practitioner of high intensity war by 2028.It won’t be easy. The Army Strategy calls for truly sweeping, even revolutionary, changes in doctrine, training, and organization of forces.For the first time since the Cold War, the Army has to reconfigure itself to be able to fight and win in a contested environment, where it will not have undisputed control over the air and sea. At the same time, it must prepare to engage potential adversaries more or less continuously in “gray zone conflict.” General Joseph Votel, the recently retired head of Special Operations Command, succinctly defines this concept as “conflicts characterized by intense political, economic, informational, and military competition more fervent in nature than normal diplomacy, yet short of conventional war.”The Army Strategy describes four lines of effort to reach the service’s chief objective by 2028, in this order of priority: Readiness, modernization, department reform, and building alliances and partnerships. The last two lines are more or less pro forma in every American military strategy document I’ve read over the last 30 years: reduce waste and inefficiency, and work with allies to insure military interoperability. The first two lines are worth a close look, for they illuminate the broad contours of the service’s quest to regain its pre-eminence in great power conflict. The quest to enhance readiness begins with plans to increase the size of the regular army to over half a million men from its current level of 476,000. In a departure from recent practice, all units earmarked for contingency operations and overseas deployments will be fully manned and given state of the art equipment before deploying. In order to increase the size of the service, the quality and quantity of recruiters and instructors will be increased.The focus of Army unit training will shift from counterinsurgency operations to high intensity fighting, where the adversary is assumed to have cutting edge A2AD, offensive weapons, and cyber systems.Deployments of Army units around the world will be less predictable and more rapid that they’ve been to date, as the Army and the other armed services begin to put the “Dynamic Force Deployment” concept to work. This concept is closely associated with former Secretary of Defense James Mattis. It’s also classified, and few details have been released for public consumption. But the core idea, as Mattis explained in 2018, is for the U.S. military to “stop telegraphing its punches.” Combat forces and their support units will be moving in and out of potential flashpoint areas more frequently and at unpredictable intervals in order to proactively shape the strategic environment.Improving readiness also involves important upgrades in the Army’s defensive missile systems to counter China and Russia’s formidable A2AD systems. A new lower-tier air and missile defense sensor project will enhance the ability of Patriot missiles to identify and track targets at long range by 2022. Beginning in 2021, Stryker light armored vehicles will be equipped with a new air defense system to protect mechanized battalions and brigades as they maneuver in harm’s way.Missile system upgrades, coupled with an entirely new generation of combat vehicles, both manned and unmanned, will allow the Army of the future to penetrate adversary defenses with an acceptable degree of loss.Ensuring readiness to fight is the top priority of the Army until 2022. After that date, the service plans to turn close attention to implementing entirely new operational concepts and “technologically mature” systems that are currently in the research and development phase.The overarching goal is to be able to conduct sustained “multi-domain operations” against either potential adversary, and win, by 2028. In the modernization phase, the Army plans to introduce a host of new long-range precision weapons, including hypersonic missiles that travel at more than five times the speed of sound. An entirely new generation of combat vehicles and vertical lift aircraft, i.e., new helicopters and aircraft with capabilities similar to those of the V-22 Osprey, both manned and unmanned, are currently in the works.The new Army Network will be an integrated system of hardware, software, and infrastructure capable of withstanding formidable cyber assaults.The leading war-fighting concept at the foundation of the Army’s modernization effort, though, is clearly “multi-domain operations (MDO).” The first thing to be said about the concept is that it’s very much inchoate. Discussions with several active-duty Army officers suggest even those “in the know” about this classified concept have only a hazy idea of how such operations will work in the field, for the simple reason that many of the systems such operations hope to integrate are still in the early stages of development.The Army has only one experimental MDO unit on active duty. It is deployed in the Indo-Pacific Command and built around a conventional rocket and missile brigade. The brigade contains a unique battalion devoted to intelligence, information, cyber, electronic warfare and space operations (I2CEWS). According to Sydney J. Freedberg Jr., an editor at Breaking Defense, the I2CEWS battalion “appears to not only pull together data from outside sources—satellites, drones, spy planes—to inform friendly forces of threats and targets, it also wages war in cyberspace and across the electronic spectrum, hacking and jamming the sensors and networks that tell the enemy where to shoot.”The commander of Army forces in the Indo-Pacific, Gen. Robert Brown, recently told reporters that his experimental brigade has performed brilliantly “in at least ten war games” against what are presumably Chinese and Russian forces. Before the advent of the new unit, American forces repeatedly failed to penetrate either rivals’ anti-access area denial systems with acceptable casualties in war games. Another experimental brigade is expected to enter service in Europe soon.The U.S. Army has a long and unenviable history of being ill-prepared to fight the next war. The French and British had to train U.S. Army units before they were deployed in World War I. The Army entered World War II as the 17th largest army in the world, with underpowered tanks, airplanes, and ancient rifles. The Army that went to Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan had trained long and hard to engage in conventional operations against nation states, but was ill-prepared, psychologically or organizationally, for counter-insurgency war. The Army’s ability to adapt to new developments has long been hampered by infighting and excessive conservatism in the upper reaches of the service’s hierarchy.To remedy this problem, in July 2018 the Army created the Futures Command (AFC). Its purpose is to unify the service-wide modernization effort under a single command, and oversee the development of new doctrine, equipment, organization, and training. According to Gen. John Murray, its head, the AFC “will conduct war-fighting and technology experimentation together, producing innovative, field-informed war-fighting concepts and working prototypes of systems that have a low risk of… being rejected by future war fighters. There are no game-changing technologies. There are only game-changing combinations of war-fighting concepts, technologies and organizations.”To say that General Murray has his work cut out for him is a massive understatement. He surely has one of the most difficult and important assignments in modern military history. Read more at The Daily Beast.Get our top stories in your inbox every day. Sign up now!Daily Beast Membership: Beast Inside goes deeper on the stories that matter to you. Learn more.


Nuclear-capable missile Prithvi-2 test-fired at night

Prithvi-2 is capable of carrying 500-1,000 kg of warheads and is powered by liquid propulsion twin engines, the sources said.

Kim Jong Un Kicked Off Thanksgiving by Testing Two More Missiles

North Korea has now launched more missiles in 2019 than in any year on record.

N. Korea blasts Japan's Abe, warns of 'real ballistic missile'

Seoul (AFP) Nov 30, 2019
North Korea on Saturday warned Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe that he could soon see a "real ballistic missile" while excoriating him as the "most stupid man ever known in history". The colourful condemnation comes two days after the isolated state tested what it called a "super-large multiple launch rocket system", with South Korea reporting that two projectiles came down in the Sea of

Macron says EU must be part of any future US-Russia nuclear missile treaty

Paris (AFP) Nov 28, 2019
French President Emmanuel Macron said Thursday that European nations should be involved in any talks to forge a new pact limiting mid-range nuclear missiles held by the US and Russia, after a landmark Cold War-era accord fell apart this year. "We cannot just content ourselves with bilateral treaties," Macron said after talks with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Paris. Washingt

North Korea fires two 'unidentified projectiles' on Thanksgiving

Seoul (AFP) Nov 28, 2019
North Korea fired two "unidentified projectiles" on Thursday - the Thanksgiving holiday in the US - Seoul said, as nuclear talks between Pyongyang and Washington remain deadlocked. The projectiles were fired eastwards from South Hamgyong province and came down in the Sea of Japan, also known as the East Sea, South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) said. They added that the launch, th

US dismisses Macron's NATO warnings

Washington (AFP) Nov 29, 2019
Emmanuel Macron is "still kind of working out" his vision for NATO, a senior US official said Friday, brushing aside the French president's call for reinventing the American-led alliance. Ahead of next week's NATO leaders' summit outside London, the Trump administration official dismissed the views expressed by Macron, who argues the military bloc is suffering "brain death." "President M

Russian Military conducts Nuclear ICBM Missile test

Military Veterans WorldwideThe military, also called the armed forces, are forces authorized to use deadly force, and weapons, to support the interests of the state and some or all of its …

Turkey becoming captive to Russia as Western sanctions loom


Turkey becoming captive to Russia as Western sanctions loom


Turkey is still struggling through an economic downturn which the government’s foreign policy could make worse by risking sanctions from the West while making the country extremely reliant on Russia.

Repeating a call he made when Turkey was in the depths of a currency crisis sparked by limited U.S. sanctions last year, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan told citizens this week to deal in the Turkish lira and not foreign currencies – a sure sign of economic trouble ahead.

When the currency crisis hit after Washington sanctioned Turkish ministers over the imprisonment of a U.S. pastor in August 2018, Erdoğan described support for the lira as a national duty. Yet central bank figures announced on Nov. 15 show that foreign currency savings in Turkey had increased by $36 billion to $225.5 billion in the past year.

Despite the ongoing economic worries, Turkey risked further U.S. sanctions this week by testing its S-400 missile defence systems, which were purchased from Russia in defiance of Washington.

The Ankara Governorate announced that F-16 fighter jets from the Turkish air force would fly over the capital for two days to test the Russian systems, which have been deployed to an air base near the city. This rubbished previous claims that Turkey would avoid sanctions from the United States by leaving the S-400s inactive.

U.S. and NATO officials say the presence of the Russian systems on NATO-allied territory could leave the alliance’s military hardware open to subterfuge, but Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu confirmed that the tests had been conducted on the F-16s.

Moreover, he said, there was no way Turkey would leave the S-400s in storage since its NATO allies had failed to provide it with the air defence systems it sorely needed.

The missiles are likely to become fully operational next spring, according to the timeline previously discussed by Turkish officials. The head of Russia’s state arms exporter Rosoboronexport said this month that negotiations were nearly complete for Turkey to buy a second consignment of the S-400s around the time that the first systems go online.

The estimated $4 billion deal to buy more S-400s could also pave the way for Turkey to buy Russian Su-35 fighter jets to fill its need for new-generation aircraft. The United States suspended Turkey from the F-35 fighter jet production programme after it received the S-400s in July and has withheld Ankara’s order for 100 of the jets.

Meanwhile, the economic ties binding Ankara to Moscow continue to grow tighter. Turkey’s tourism sector is buoyed by the 6 million Russian tourists who flock to the country each year and it exports large amounts of agricultural products to Russia, where Turkish contractors have signed up for construction projects worth billions.

These bonds are just as tight from a strategic perspective, since Turkey relies on Russian gas to meet its energy needs, and a Russian company is contracted to build and operate Turkey’s first nuclear power plant. The new defence deals only deepen this dependence.

Ankara has discussed its aim of increasing trade volume with both the United States and Russia to $100 billion. Yet in Russia’s case, this could work against Turkey’s interests: In 2018, the share of Turkish exports in the $25.5 billion trade volume with Russia came to just $4.2 billion, with Russia making $21.3 billion.

Turkey’s main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) drew attention to the country’s growing financial and energy dependence on Russia in a report it presented to parliament during discussions on the 2020 budget, stating that this could lead to grave dangers in the years to come. Of particular concern for the CHP was the deal with Russia’s state nuclear energy corporation Rosatom to build the nuclear plant in Akkuyu, southern Turkey.

When the deal was signed in 2010, it stipulated that the Russian side would secure financing and investment for the plant. But in 2015, the Turkish military shot down a Russian fighter jet that had strayed across its border, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the countries. Moscow imposed sanctions on Turkey that reduced the flow of tourists to the country, restricted imports and placed limits on Turkish companies doing business in Russia.

The price Erdoğan paid to repair relations included “super incentives” for the Akkuyu project, granting Rosatom a wide range of subsidies including tax, VAT and licencing exemptions. The president also agreed to provide $10 billion of investment in the project from the treasury.

As part of the agreement, Turkey has also guaranteed a price per kilowatt hour of power produced at the plant for the next 15 years. And, the CHP’s report says, the agreement also states that the nuclear plant and the energy it produces belong to Russia, that Rosatom’s share in it will not fall below 51 percent, and that Turkey will buy all of the energy it produces.

Since the plant is due to go into commission in 2023, these terms will be in force until 2038.

The CHP’s report says that, with the kilowatt hour price guaranteed at $0.1235 kWh and the plant expected to produce an annual 19 billion kilowatt hours, Russia stands to treble its initial investment.

This means Turkey will be paying the Russian state-owned company over $2.3 billion for the energy produced at the plant per year, and more that $35 billion over the 15-year period.

At this rate, the CHP says, Turkey will be vastly overpaying for the energy from Rosatom’s plant, since the kilowatt hour price set by Turkey’s Energy Market Regulation Authority is just $0.029. At that rate, the price of energy from the nuclear plant would come to just $551 million per year, nearly $1.8 billion less than the Turkish government has agreed to pay Rosatom.

That amounts to neary $27 billion above the market price over 15 years – an amount that even inflation and favourable changes in currency markets will not mitigate. And on top of that is the $10 billion contribution to the project, plus other subsidies and exemptions offered as super incentives.

In other words, the data presented in the CHP’s report marks out the Akkuyu plant as a $37 billion bung to Russia, paid at an extremely heavy cost to the Turkish economy. Energy and Natural Resources Minister Fatih Dönmez has not responded to the CHP’s findings or to questions raised by the party’s members of parliament.

It is clear, though, that with Turkey’s economic and strategic dependence on Russia deepening, any future disagreement that draws sanctions will be even more damaging.  


570375-2019: Espagne-Madrid: Services de réparation et d'entretien des aéronefs, des missiles et des spationefs militaires

Date de publication: 02/12/2019 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché

570372-2019: Roumanie-Otopeni: Services de réparation et d'entretien des aéronefs, des missiles et des spationefs militaires

Date de publication: 02/12/2019 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché

Russia tests hypersonic missile in Arctic - TASS cites sources


Russia tests hypersonic missile in Arctic - TASS cites sourcesRussia's MiG-31K interceptor jet carried out a test of the Kinjal (Dagger) hypersonic missile in Russia's part of Arctic earlier this month, TASS new agency reported on Saturday, citing two military sources. "The tests took place in mid-November," TASS quoted one of its sources as saying. The MiG-31K interceptor took off from the Olenegorsk airfield in the northern Murmansk region and fired the missile against a ground target at the Pemboi training ground in Russia's Arctic Komi region, TASS reported.


Russia tests hypersonic missile in Arctic - TASS cites sources

Russia's MiG-31K interceptor jet carried out a test of the Kinjal (Dagger) hypersonic missile in Russia's part of Arctic earlier this month, TASS new agency reported on Saturday, citing two military sources. "The tests took place in mid-November," TASS quoted one of its sources as saying. The MiG-31K interceptor took off from the Olenegorsk airfield in the northern Murmansk region and fired the missile against a ground target at the Pemboi training ground in Russia's Arc

Configuration Analyst Associate - LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION - Fort Worth, TX

Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida (UCF), Walt Disney World, and SeaWorld. Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control is a recognized.
From Lockheed Martin Corporation - Wed, 13 Nov 2019 20:51:15 GMT - View all Fort Worth, TX jobs

Commander delivers employee surveys’ highlights

REDSTONE ARSENAL, Ala. – Communication with the workforce was the hot topic at the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command's Nov. 18 Town Hall meeting.
Commander shares employee feedback

Commander shares employee feedback

Maj. Gen. Todd Royar, commanding general of the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command, greets employees during a Nov. 18 Town Hall meeting.
Commander shares employee feedback

Turkey says new Russian missile deal to happen before too long - RIA

Turkey's presidential administration has said that the purchase date for more S-400 missile systems from Russia is just a technicality and that it thinks a deal will happen before too long, the RIA news agency reported on Monday.


Turkey: Purchase date for new S-400 Russian missiles is just a technicality - RIA

Turkey's presidential administration has said that the purchase date for more S-400 missile systems from Russia is just a technicality and that it thinks the deal will happen before too long, the RIA news agency reported on Monday.



Starring:  Sylvester McCoy


Responding to a distress signal, the Doctor and Ace arrive near the village of Carbury, where a nuclear missile convoy has run into difficulties. The peace of the English countryside is shattered as UNIT troops are besieged by armored knights from another dimension. As the crisis deepens, Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart is called out of retirement to join the battle. Together, he and the Doctor must face the Destroyer, a fearsome demon summoned by the witch queen Morgaine to devour the world.

Run Time: 95 MIN
Genre: Sci-Fi; TV Series
Language: English
Aspect Ratio: 4 X 3 FULL FRAME
Audio: MONO - English
Color: COLOR


BMW M140i 112159

BMW M140iI sell #BMW M140i model 2018, single hand,19,000 km, all original, impeccable, 340hp really a missile.

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Book: 'The Hermit King'

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit DON GONYEA, HOST: We turn now to a national security topic that's back in the news - North Korea. Over the Thanksgiving holiday, North Korea fired two short-range missiles, the latest escalation in an already tense relationship with the U.S. But a new book takes a step back from such headlines and provides more context about the country and its leader. It's called "The Hermit King: The Dangerous Game Of Kim Jong Un." It's by Chung Min Lee, South Korea's former ambassador for national security affairs and an expert on Korean affairs. He began our conversation by urging me to think visually to help me understand how the dictatorship works. CHUNG MIN LEE: North Korea can be best, I think, imagined if you have five concentric circles. In the middle, you have the Kim dynasty and Kim Jong Un. His grandfather, Kim Il Sung, founded the DPRK back in 1948. His father ran it until he died in 2011. And so the most important goal of the state is not the North

Stonebridge: 3ª sesión

La 3ª sesión ha estado muy bien, porque no hemos tenido que hacer ninguna ficha nueva y no he tenido que sacar ninguna de las que llevaba pregeneradas. De este modo pudimos meternos pronto en faena y exploraron lugares nuevos.

De todas maneras se ve que al grupo (en este caso fueron 5, 4 chicos y 1 chica) les gusta el tema de ir de compras, regatear por las ventas y mirarse equipo extra. No me parece mal porquees parte del juego, pero eso siempre quita tiempo de aventura. Y hoy quería que vieran lo que es estar de aventura, vivir éso de lo hablaba hace tiempo sobre "jugar para el asombro". Y por sus miradas al final de la partida, lo conseguimos.

El grupo se pertrechó y, como siempre, salieron por el Puente en dirección a las Tierras Desconocidas. Como ya he comentado, la barrera mágica que impedía cruzar ha caído hace sólo unas pocas semanas, así que son básicamente ellos los que exploran el otro lado. No hay más "héroes" a quien llamar.

De nuevo, y debido a que era lo que buscaban, tuvieron un encontronazo con arañas en el Bosque Prohibido. Uno de los motivos es que consiguieron glándulas de veneno en la partida anterior y las vendieron a 12 monedas de oro cada una al gnomo de la tienda de Rarezas. Así que se pusieron en modo "vamos a cazar arañas". Exploraron una parte del bosque y encontraron un nido de araña gigante (descubrieron que las crías van en grupo, pero las adultas van solas) y el guerrero probó en sus carnes lo que es caer desde 4m de altura (no es el más diestro, pero se empeñó en subir a un árbol bastante alto: falló y se llevó un muy buen golpe). Del nido surgió una araña adulta.
El encuentro fue difícil, aunque la araña falló TODOS los ataques (es raro en mí, que saco muchos 20s; la verdad me alegré de mi falta de puntería); ellos montaron una estrategia que empieza a tener sentido para la táctica general: "¡cubrid al mago!", "guerrero, ve delante", "intento pillarla por el lado, que ve peor" y cosas así. No consiguieron sacarle intacta la glándula para vender pero, en su caza de arañas, llegaron a una nueva localización: las Ruínas de la Torre de Alkius el Rojo.
El bosque se abrió en un gran claro, marcando un camino jalonado por unas 12 estatuas ruinosas de encapuchados, decoradas con runas arcanas antiguas. El mago supo (tiró por debajo de su INT) que se trataba de representaciones de Magos Rojos, una antigua Orden de magos oscuros servidores del Caos. A lo lejos se entreveía una torre de 3 pisos sobre una gran roca con forma de cráneo. También allí vieron una figura que no encajaba. Los dos exploradores salieron a emboscarla, con éxito. Resultó ser un ser que nunca habían visto: un hombre-lagarto con ropas humanas. Se defendió y resultó muerto por los ataques de la exploradora y el Magic Missile del elfo. Al desvalijarlo encontraron que iba desarmado, 6 monedas de oro y un colgante extraño con un amuleto en forma de calavera rodeada de lágrimas.

Con todo eso, y con el elfo y el guerrero heridos, volvieron a Stonebridge a por botiquines y descanso. ¡Y porque eran las 20:30h y la biblioteca cerraba!

Creo que ésto marcha bien. La técnico de Infantil de la biblioteca se pasó a hablar conmigo antes y está bastante contenta con la recepción del proyecto por parte de usuarios y sus familias. La gente se acercaba a curiosear continuamente (una de mis propuestas es que pudiéramos jugar en un sitio a la vista) y flipaban con los chavales planeando las acciones. Llamar la atención, pero normalizar el hobby.

Este viernes tendremos otra sesión, así que seguiremos contando desde aquí.

¡Gracias por leerme!


Russia to Create New Radar Field Against Cruise Missiles

At the moment, the country is using several types of early-warning radars, providing long-distance monitoring of airspace against ballistic missile attacks. The military reportedly plans to replace older systems with Voronezh by 2020.

'Surprise for the Enemy': Iran Launches Mass Production of Jask Cruise Missiles

Along with missile manufacturing, the country's Navy has also disclosed five other military projects it is currently involved in, including the sea-launched Pelikan drone, the Sadaf-2 naval mine, the Soren positioning system, the Balaban guided bomb, and the Loqman training vessel.

Forget Bombs or Missiles, Iran’s Intelligence Machine Is Quite Powerful


  Very rarely do any of us on the outside world know with much clarity about what exactly is going on in the world of Iranian intelligence. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), Iranian military intelligence, and the Iranian Ministry of Intelligence and Security are notorious for their secrecy and efficiency. General Qassem Soleimani, the […]

The post Forget Bombs or Missiles, Iran’s Intelligence Machine Is Quite Powerful appeared first on Deutsches Asienforschungszentrum.


Russia - Q&A - From the Press Briefing (26.09.19)

Q: According to Russian media reports, Vladimir Putin proposed to the leaders of several dozen countries, including the members of NATO, that a moratorium be imposed on the deployment of short- and medium-range missiles in Europe. Has France received this proposal? What is your position on this issue? A: We are examining Russia's proposals on this very important issue. Our position on the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) is well known. We regret that no solution could be (…)

Report: Saudi Arabia admits loss of Apache attack helicopter and crew

Al-Thawra Net Saudi Arabia has admitted the deaths of two of its pilots in what it called the “crash of their Apache helicopter in Yemen.” This coincided with broadcasting of video footage scenes by the military media of the Yemeni army on Saturday, showing the moment when a surface-to-air missile hit the Apache helicopter in

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More F-16s for the Polish Air Force? “Acceleration Possible if Money’s Available”

Polish military assumes that accelerated procurement of extra F-16 fighters may be possible if extra funds are available. However, acquisition of the F-35 is a priority for the Polish Ministry of Defence. Acquisition of the AGM-88E AARGM anti-radiation missiles has also been placed among the tasks included in the redefined Technical Modernization Plan.

Other: M1 ABRAMS Tank System Maintainer (91A) - Las Vegas, Nevada

91A M1 ABRAMS Tank System MaintainerJob ID: Job Views: 124Location: LAS VEGAS, Nevada, United StatesZIP Code: 89165Job Category: Mechanic and MaintenancePosted: 11.19.2019Age Requirements: Must be between the ages of 17 and 35Job DescriptionThe M1 Abrams Tank is the backbone of the armored forces. With the ability to engage enemies anytime, anywhere, it takes a highly detailed and skilled individual to ensure these vehicles keep pushing forward.As the M1 Abrams Tank System Maintainer in the Army National Guard, you will be responsible for supervising and performing maintenance on these tanks. Your duties will include: diagnosing and troubleshooting malfunctions; performing organizational maintenance and on-board direct support tasks on the suspension systems, steering systems, hydraulic systems, auxiliary power units, fire extinguisher/suppression systems, and gas particulate systems; and performing organizational maintenance on vehicular mounted armament, gun turret drive system, and fire control system.Some of the Skills You'll Learn* Electronic and mechanical principles and concepts* Use of electronic, electrical, and mechanical test equipment* Use of schematics, drawings, and wiring diagramsHelpful Skills* Strong attention to detail* Interest in working with diesel and turbine enginesThrough your training, you will develop the skills and experience to enjoy a civilian career as an electronics mechanic, an avionics technician, or a missile facilities repairer with civilian firms that design, build, and test weapons for the military.Earn While You LearnInstead of paying to learn these skills, get paid to train. In the Army National Guard, you will learn these valuable job skills while earning a regular paycheck and qualifying for tuition assistance.Job training for an M1 Abrams Tank Systems Maintainer requires 10 weeks of Basic Training, where you'll learn basic Soldiering skills, and 24 weeks of Advanced Individual Training. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field.Benefits/RequirementsBenefits* Paid training* A monthly paycheck* Montgomery GI Bill* Federal and State tuition assistance* Retirement benefits for part-time service* Low-cost life insurance (up to $400,000 in coverage)* 401(k)-type savings plan* Student Loan Repayment Program (up to $50,000, for existing loans)* Health care benefits available* VA home loans* Bonuses, if applicable* Most non-prior service candidates will earn between $200 and $250 per drill weekend, subject to changeRequirements* Military enlistment in the Army National Guard* Must be at least a junior in high school, or have a high school diploma or a GED certificate* Must be between the ages of 17 and 35* Must be able to pass a physical exam and meet legal and moral standards* Must meet citizenship requirements (see for details)Requires military enlistment. Programs and benefits are subject to change. Ask your Army National Guard recruiter for the most up-to-date information. Actual MOS assignment may depend on MOS availability.This position may qualify for a bonus, ask your National Guard recruiter for the most up-to-date information. ()

Korea Blasts Japan's Abe, Warns Of 'real Ballistic Missile', - MySpace Search - MySpace Video, Page 1 | Camideo



Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@- duplagondol:

Nem. Nem, létező fogalom. A mezőváros a világi vagy egyházi földesúr tulajdonát képezte, mint egy utolsó kis jobbágyfalu, és a mezővárosok"polgárai" az 1848-ig érvényes jogrendszer szerint, ha rendelkeztek városi telekkel telkes jobbágynak, ha nem rendelkeztek saját telekkel, zsellérnek számítottak.

A mezővárosi "polgár", sőt újabban a "parasztpolgár" olyan kitaláció, ami azt akarja elfedni hogy hazai városok lakosságának zöme - jogilag jobbágy volt.

Ez olyan abszurd helyzetet is teremthetett, hogy ha egy nemes egy ilyen mezővárosban telekhez jutott, és peres ügye támadt, a várost birtokló földesúr úriszéke ítélt az ügyében, holott nemesként a vármegyei szolgabíró ítélkezhetett volna az ügyében.

A középkori értelemben vett polgárjog csak a királyi kiváltságlevéllel bíró szabad királyi vagy bányaváros, teljes korú férfilakosát illette meg, aki választó és választható volt. Szabadon választhatták a városi tanácsot, a város főbíráját. Peres ügyekben a város ítélőszéke ítélt. Ha ezzel nem értet egyet valaki, joga volt a királyhoz fellebbezni. Polgárjogához kapcsolódóan köteles volt a céhe szerint a kijelölt városfalszakasz védelmében részt venni.

Láthatóan ezek a kritériumok a magán ill. egyházi földesuraság mezővárosok esetén nem állnak meg...

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada


"ezerszámra említenek polgárokat a 15-17. századi iratokban, latinul civis formában, mind a városokban, mind a falvakban"


Falvakban???!!! A falusi polgár igazi világunikalitás lenne.... Ugyanmár. Esetleg a "civis" nem a polgárt jelentette? A hazai szakirodalom még abban se egységes, hogy a jobbágyfalut hogyan nevezték!

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@- duplagondol: Igen egy létező fogalom, ezerszámra említenek polgárokat a 15-17. századi iratokban, latinul civis formában, mind a városokban, mind a falvakban, az ország minden szegletében. A közelmúltban derült ki, hogy nem általános fogalom, hanem nagyon is konkrét jelentése volt, és csak egy adott csoportra volt igaz.

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@HARP3R: Azt, hogy valaki leírt valamit, attól még nem lesz igaz, így az adatok esetében sem. Ez a blogra is igaz egyébként. :) Érdemes utánanézni, honnan származik a becslésük.
Maradok a korabeli forrásoknál.

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@bloggerman77: A mezővárosi polgár egy létező fogalom, nemde?

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@Várháborúkkora: Hegyi Klára nem az Oszmán Birodalom katonai haderejéről, csupán a török várakról írt és azok közül is CSAK a Hódoltsági várakról. Ebből pedig nem lehet olyan következtetést levonni, hogy az Anatoliai és Ruméliai területek mekkora hadat tudtak kiállítani 1552-ben. Mert itt inkább ez a kérdés. Kar Ahmed fővezér, a szultán jobbkezeként olyan tisztséget viselt, mint ma egy katonai főparancsnok, vagy hadügyminiszter. Gyakorlatilag a Török Birodalom főerőivel indult el Erdély és Temesvár, majd Eger ellen. Ez a főerő kizárt, hogy csak 12-13 ezre főből állt volna (a másik 12-13 ezret Ali pasa adta Budáról elindulva).

Ha az Oszmán Birodalom fő csapásmérő ereje 1552-ben alig 13 ezer főt számolt volna, nem jelenthette volna Európa legnagyobb hadseregét. Márpedig szinte minden korhű forrás a kontinens legnagyobb hadaként jellemzi az oszmán sereget. Alsó hangon kellett 40-50 ezresnek lennie. (És ugy ehhez jött Hádim Ali 12 ezre.) A végő szám tehát 50-60 ezres. Egyébként Perjés Géza is ekkora számról ír könyvében.

Még egy adat: R. Várkonyi Ágnes: Három évszázad Magyarország történetében 1526-1606 Korona Kiadó B.pest 1999. Idézem az 57. oldalról:

"... Nyáry Lőrinc tíz napig tartott ki, miután a védők jó része a hatvanezer főnyi török haderő láttára a folyóba ereszkedve elmenekült."

És ez csak Ahmed hada, az Alival való egyesülés előtt. R Várkonyi CSAK Ahmed hadát nevezte 60 ezresnek!!!

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@Equalizer.: Hát igen, meglepő, de Tinódi elég objektív adatokkal szolgált, ami egyre több más forrásból is megerősítést nyer. Már Sugár István kimutatta, hogy Tindói adatai és nevei teljes egyezésben vannak az egri várszámadásokban lejegyzett adatokkal. Ez a cikk pedig éppen arról szól, hogy az egri had leírása és a vármegyei segélyhadak ismertetése teljes egészében pontos és hiteles. Tinódiról más verseinél is igen nagy fokú az egykorú levelekben szereplő adatokkal való egyezés. Ehhez azért kutatni kell és ismerni a forrásokat. Anélkül a fentebbi adatok sem bizonyíthatóak tudományosan.
Bár izgalmas ez a vita, és örülök a sok hozzászólásnak aligha lehet egymást meggyőzni.
Mindenkinek figyelmébe ajánlom a Hungaricana adatbázist, ahol szabadon elérhető több tízezer egykorú forrás, illetve a legújabb szakirodalom. Érdemes elolvasni!

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@Várháborúkkora: Tinódi, mint objektív "forrás" teljesen figyelmen kívül hagyható a számok tekintetében. Ami a többi érvet illeti: az 1552-es egri ostromban Ahmed fővezér ázsiai főhada és Ali budai pasa teljes serege együttesen vett részt, hiszen előtte Szolnoknál egyesültek. Alinak egymagában volt 12 ezer katonája. Kara Ahmed serege pedig minimum 50 ezres lehetett, ekkora haderőt a ruméliai terület simán ki tudott állítani. A kettő együtt: 62 ezret tett ki. Ez a legvalószínűbb szám.

A 25 ezer már csak azért is kizárt, mert Ali 12 ezréhez (mely Drégely ostrománál valóban ennyi törököt tett ki) kizárt, hogy a teljes Oszmán Birodalom mindössze másik 12-13 ezret tudjon kiállítani. Még akkor sem, ha megszálló feladatokra is kellett létszám. Ha elfogadjuk, hogy az Oszmán Birodalom 1552-ben 160-170 ezres haddal rendelkezett, akkor a 12 ezer + 50 ezer teljesen reális szám, hisz még így is bőven maradt emberük a megszálló és határvédelmi feladatokra.

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@HARP3R: Figyelmébe ajánlom az újabb szakirodalom eredményeit, pl. Hegyi Klára könyvét a török hódoltság várairól. Ma már nem a krónikák eltúlzott adataiból szoktak kiindulni a kérdést vizsgáló történészek. Az elmúlt években nagyon sok eddig ismeretlen levelet, egykorú jelentést, kémjelentéseket stb. tártak fel a levéltárakban. Ennek köszönhetően sokkal pontosabb számok állnak rendelkezésre, mint Szakály Ferenc idejében. Azt is vélelmezem, hogy a jelenleg is zajló igen átfogó, török nyelven írott oszmán források feltárása okán, a jövőben még többet fogunk tudni a török hadakról.

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@Várháborúkkora: Szakály Ferenc a Virágkor és hanyatlás 1440-1711 (Magyarok Európában II.) című könyvében így ír a törökök számáról a 124. oldalon:

"A 60-70 ezer főnyi török sereg 1552 szeptember 9-én fogta körül a Felvidék kapuját, a mintegy kétezer fő által védett Eger várát."

A 25 ezer nehezen alátámasztható adat szerintem. A 60 ezer közelebb áll a valósághoz. Az 1526-os mohácsi támadásban is ennyien indultak harcra.

Válasz erre: Egerország elfeledett hada

@Arcadian.: Valóban egyelőre nem eldöntött a támadók létszáma. Egyébiránt Tinódi ír két helyen is a 25 ezres létszámról, amely szerinte már magába foglalta Kara Ahmed Szolnok alól küldött seregét is. "Budai basához kik hallgatának, Amhát táborából es bocsátának, Huszonötezörön elindulának". A budai pasa az 1550-es években a szandzsákokból 6-8 katonát tudott kivonni, amihez 3-5 ezer ostrommunkát védő parasztot szoktak kivezényelni. A török had csak így tudott 10 ezer fő (pl. 1555-56) körüli lenni. Ennél több csak akkor volt, ha már a szultán is segítséget küldött. 1552-ben azonban Veszprém elfoglalása miatt számottevő sereget hagyott ott Ali pasa, illetve Győrben is komolyabb magyar had vonult fel augusztusban. Tehát a teljes csapatösszevonásra nem volt lehetősége Alinak és veszteségei is voltak pl. a palásti csatában. Kara Ahmed hada max. 30 ezer emberből állt, amely komoly veszteségeket szenvedett Temesvár egy hónapos ostroma alatt, illetve helyőrségeket hagyott Temesváron, Lippán, Szolnokon és több kisebb várban is. Mindezek fényében Tinódi adata (főként hogy másban sem tévedett) a 25 ezer főről pontosnak tűnik. az is valószínű, hogy ebbe a számba már a pár ezer ostrommunkára fogott paraszt is beleértendő. A hadrafogható török lovas és gyalogos sereg, aligha haladta meg a 20 ezret.

DRDO to switch off lights at Odisha's missile testing centre for arrival of Olive Ridleys

A large number of sea turtles have already congregated in sea water near Nasi-1 and Nasi- 2 islands within Gahiramatha.

DRDO and Indian Army's SFC to initiate joint probe for Agni-III debacle

Even as the DRDO and SFC officials are tightlipped about the mission outcome, sources privy to the developments informed that metallurgical defects in the missile system possibly could be the reason.

Nuclear capable Agni-III missile fails in maiden night trial

​The Made-in-India surface-to-surface missile carrying a dummy payload blasted off from an auto-launcher at Abdul Kalam Island in full operational configuration at about 7.15 pm.

Iran’s Missile Arsenal Poses ‘Growing Threat’ to Europe


191126-Iranian Missiles-GettyImages-1095106602.jpg

The increased lethality, consistency and precision of Irans missile push


Syrian army intercepts drones over Hama and Abo Dhohur airbases


HAMA, (ST)_Syrian army’s anti-aircraft missiles intercepted drones for terrorist groups on the outskirts of Hama airbase and Abo Dhohur airbase in the eastern countryside of Idleb, according to the Syrian Alikhbaria`TV channel. 

In this context, Sputnik reported that several drones attempted to bomb Hama military airport from its northern flank, promoting Syrian forces to activate their air defenses.  

Basma Qaddour


America’s longest war: The state of affairs in Afghanistan

Following the collapse of peace talks with the Taliban in September, the U.S. military has scaled up attacks on the Taliban in Afghanistan, with allied warplanes dropping bombs and firing missiles at a record pace in the 18-year-old war. Despite enduring and broad consensus that the protracted stalemate in Afghanistan will be resolved through negotiations…


Paroles de Pilger


29 novembre 2019 – Commencez par aller lire la fiche Wikipédia de John Pilger (80 ans) et vous saurez à peu près tout ce qu’il faut savoir sur l’extraordinaire et terriblement impudent simulacre, – “Simulacre pour les Nuls”, si vous voulez, – monté contre ce journaliste par le Système, avec une considérable rubrique de Critiques de son travail (509 mots) et une très modeste Biographie (49 mots) et non moins modeste Carrière (151 mots).

(“151 mots” dans Carrière dont 66 consacrés à cet étonnant résumé de la version évidemment faussaire que l’infâme Pilger donne de l’infâme déformation de la vertueuse révolution de Maidan : « En outre, John Pilger possède son propre site web où il communique ses idées et ses craintes. Selon Conspiracy Watch, il est considéré comme controversé, n'hésitant pas à accuser l'administration américaine de financer un coup d'État en Ukraine lors de la crise ukrainienne débutée en 2013 : selon lui, “l'administration Obama a dépensé 5 milliards de dollars pour un coup d'État contre le gouvernement élu” »... Une description à couper le souffle de cette affaire allant de  Nuland à  Friedman pour les détails, – ici, dans ce Wiki-turbo balancé sur Pilger, dénoncés comme autant d’infamies...)

Tout ce qui vient du Système ou approchant à propos de Pilger relève de ce “monde nouveau” qui m’est totalement étranger et représente la fabrication brutale des intoxications de l’esprit à l’aide des outils de la subversion et de l’inversion, dans les fanfares-bouffe de la contre-civilisation. Il me paraît inutile de perdre son temps à répondre point par point à toutes les infamies qui sont dévidées à son propos : leurs propres excès, leur extravagance même font l’affaire, la surpuissance du simulacre assurant très vite son autodestruction.  

Tout cela n’étant que pour vous mettre en bouche à propos de ce qui va suivre, qui est un hommage de chroniqueur à chroniqueur, – je préfère ce mot à celui puant du “journaliste” d’aujourd’hui, – hommage de ma part venu du temps où le mot “journaliste” avait encore un sens honorable. Je m’attache à ce point parce que que je suis particulièrement sensible à ce que Pilger dit de l’évolution du journalisme, puisqu’après tout l’ayant moi-même vécue, – disons entre la période acceptable et convenablme de la Guerre froide (pour moi à partir de 1967) jusqu’à la chute du Mur et de l’URSS (1989-1991) ; puis suivant avec l’intermède de la formidable et monstrueuse transmutation de ce métier et sa chute dans le Mordor des années 1990 jusqu’à l’abominable guerre du Kosovo (1999) où il sombra corps et bien ; enfin 9/11 et la naissance du “nouveau journalisme” dans le “monde nouveau”. J’ai personnellement la même sensation que celle qu’exprime Pilger dans ses réponses sur ce sujet, lorsqu’il parle de cette époque où le journaliste faisait encore un métier honorable, comparée aux sombres jours d’aujourd’hui, où il est devenu l’infamie même, où le vrai journaliste a dû entrer en dissidence comme il y eut les samizdat avant lui, du temps de l’URSS qui n’était qu’avant-goût de ce qui nous attendait.

... Enfin, venons-en au principal. Il s’agit de l’interview de John Pilger, disons, à quelques semaines près, pour son 80èmeanniversaire, lui qui naquit le 9 octobre 1939 à Sidney en Australie. L’interview est présenté par Finian Cunningham le 27 novembre 2019, sur, sous le titre « L’exceptionnalisme américain conduit le monde à la guerre ».



Interview de John Pilger

Question : Dans votre documentaire  The Coming War on China(2016), vous estimez que les États-Unis sont sur la voie d'une collision stratégique avec la Chine pour contrôler l'Asie-Pacifique. Voyez-vous encore la menace d'une guerre entre ces deux puissances ?

John Pilger : La menace de guerre n'est peut-être pas immédiate, mais nous savons ou devrions savoir que les événements peuvent changer rapidement : une chaîne d'incidents et de faux pas peut déclencher une guerre qui peut se propager de façon imprévisible. Les calculs ne sont pas contestés : un “ennemi” a à peine 12 minutes pour décider s'il ordonne une riposte nucléaire et où.

Question : Récemment, le secrétaire d'État américain Mike Pompeo a accusé la Chine d'être “vraiment hostile aux intérêts américains”. Qu'est-ce qui, à votre avis, motive les inquiétudes des États-Unis au sujet de la Chine ?

John Pilger : Le Département d'État a déclaré : ”Chercher un pouvoir moins que prépondérant serait opter pour la défaite.” À la racine d'une grande partie de l'insécurité de l'humanité se trouve, de façon remarquable, la croyance en soi et l'illusion de soi d'une nation : les États-Unis. La notion que l'Amérique se fait d'elle-même est souvent difficile à comprendre pour le reste d'entre nous. Depuis l'époque du président Teddy Roosevelt, la "mission sacrée" a été de dominer l'humanité et ses ressources vitales, si ce n'est par l'intimidation et la corruption, alors par la violence. Dans les années 1940, des " intellectuels de guerre " américains, comme le diplomate et historien George F Kennan, ont décrit la nécessité d'une domination américaine de la " Grande Région ", qui est la plus grande partie du monde, notamment l'Eurasie et surtout la Chine. Les non-Américains devaient être recomposés à “notre image”, écrit Kennan ; l'Amérique était l'exemple, le modèle. Hollywood a diffusé cette conception avec une fidélité frappante.

En 1945, cette vision, ou manie si l’on préfère, a subi un changement moral avec la défaite de l'Allemagne nazie. Aujourd'hui, beaucoup d'Américains croient que leur pays a gagné la Seconde Guerre mondiale et qu'ils sont les êtres humains “exceptionnels”. Cette mythologie (qui rappelle la propagande nazie) a longtemps eu une emprise évangélique aux États-Unis ; elle est le pilier central de la nécessité de dominer, ce qui exige ennemis et peur. La longue histoire du racisme américain à l'égard de l'Asie et l'humiliation historique du peuple chinois font de la Chine l’ennemi parfait pour tenir le rôle actuellement.

J'ajouterai que l’“exceptionnalisme” n'est pas seulement embrassé par la droite américaine. Bien qu'ils ne l'admettent pas, beaucoup de libéraux y croient, de même que ceux qui se décrivent comme “de gauche”. C’est le fruit de l'idéologie la plus rapace de la terre : L'américanisme. Le fait que ce mot soit rarement prononcé fait partie de son pouvoir.

Question : Pensez-vous que c'est une étrange anomalie que l'administration Trump ait adopté une politique agressive à l'égard de la Chine, alors que ce président américain semble chercher des relations plus amicales avec la Russie ?

John Pilger : Diviser la Chine et la Russie dans le but d'affaiblir les deux est un jeu américain vénérable. Henry Kissinger l'a joué. Quant à Trump, il est impossible de savoir ce qu'il en pense. Indépendamment de ses ouvertures à Poutine, les États-Unis ont agressivement subverti l'Ukraine et militarisé la frontière occidentale de la Russie, constituant une menace plus immédiate pour la Russie qu’elle ne l’est pour la Chine.

Question : Pensez-vous que le processus de destitution en cours contre Trump équivaut à un coup d’État du fait de l’“État profond” pour se débarrasser de lui à cause de sa position relativement bienveillante envers la Russie ?

John Pilger : C'est une théorie ; je n'en suis pas si sûr. L'élection de Trump en 2016 a perturbé un système mafieux d’arrangements tribaux que les démocrates dominent pour l’instant. Hillary Clinton était l'élue ; comment a-t-on pu oser se saisir son trône ?! Beaucoup de libéraux américains refusent de voir leur héroïne corrompue comme un porte-drapeau de Wall Street, une belliciste et l'emblème d’une “politique LGTBQ” qu’elle a annexée. Clinton est l'incarnation d'un système vénal, Trump en est la caricature.

Question : Vous avez travaillé pendant plus de cinq décennies comme reporteur de guerre et réalisateur de documentaires au Vietnam, ailleurs en Asie, en Afrique et en Amérique latine. Comment voyez-vous les tensions internationales actuelles entre les États-Unis, la Chine et la Russie ? Pensez-vous que le danger de guerre est plus grand aujourd'hui qu'autrefois ?

John Pilger : En 1962, nous avons peut-être tous été sauvés par le refus d'un officier de la marine soviétique, Vasili Arkhipov, de lancer une torpille nucléaire sur des navires américains pendant la crise des missiles de Cuba. Sommes-nous en plus grand danger aujourd'hui ? Pendant la guerre froide, il y avait des lignes que l'autre camp n'osait pas franchir. Il y a peu ou pas de lignes à l'heure actuelle ; les États-Unis entourent la Chine de 400 bases militaires, ils font naviguer leurs navires à faible tirant d'eau dans les eaux chinoises et font voler leurs drones dans l'espace aérien chinois. Les forces de l'OTAN dirigées par les Américains se massent sur la même frontière russe que celle que les nazis ont franchie pour l’opération Barbarossa ; le président russe est insulté de façon routinière. Il n'y a aucune retenue et aucune des diplomaties qui ont gardé à la bonne température l'ancienne guerre froide. En Occident, nous avons acquiescé en tant que spectateurs dans nos propres pays, préférant détourner le regard (ou regarder nos téléphones intelligents) plutôt que de nous libérer du post-modernisme qui nous piège avec ses distractions spécieuses d'"identité".

Question : Vous avez beaucoup voyagé aux États-Unis pendant la guerre froide. Vous avez été témoin de l'assassinat du candidat présidentiel Robert Kennedy en 1968. Il semble que l'obsession américaine de la guerre froide pour le “communisme en tant que mal” ait été remplacée par une russophobie tout aussi intense envers la Russie moderne. Voyez-vous une continuation de la phobie des années de la guerre froide jusqu'à aujourd'hui ? Qu'est-ce qui explique cet état d'esprit ?

John Pilger : Les Russes refusent de s'incliner devant l'Amérique, et c'est intolérable. Ils jouent un rôle indépendant, majoritairement positif au Moyen-Orient, l'antithèse des subversions violentes de l'Amérique, et c'est insupportable. Comme les Chinois, ils ont forgé des alliances pacifiques et fructueuses avec des gens du monde entier, ce qui est inacceptable pour le parrain américain. La diffamation constante de tout ce qui est russe est un symptôme de déclin et de panique, comme si les États-Unis avaient quitté le XXIe siècle pour le XIXe siècle, obsédés par une vision propriétaire du monde. Dans les circonstances, la phobie que vous décrivez n'est guère surprenante.

Question : Comment le journalisme d'information, en particulier dans les États occidentaux, a-t-il changé au cours de votre carrière ? Vous avez gagné de nombreux prix pour votre écriture et votre cinéma, mais aujourd'hui, on lit rarement vos articles publiés dans les médias grand public, même si vous travaillez toujours activement en tant que journaliste selon votre propre  site web ?

John Pilger : Le journalisme n’était pas un journalisme acquis au Corporate power quand j'ai commencé. La plupart des journaux britanniques reflétaient fidèlement les intérêts de ce que l'on appelait l'establishment, mais ils pouvaient aussi être idiosyncrasiques. Quand je suis arrivé à Fleet Street à Londres au début des années 1960, alors connue comme “la Mecque des journaux”, les temps étaient optimistes et même les journaux les plus à droite toléraient, voire encourageaient les francs-tireurs, qui sont souvent les meilleurs journalistes. Le Daily Mirror, qui était alors le quotidien au plus fort tirage dans le monde à part le People's Daily, avait été le journal des soldats pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale et était devenu, pour des millions de Britanniques, leur journal. Pour ceux d'entre nous qui étaient au Mirror, c’était presque l’idéal d'être les agents et les défenseurs du peuple, et non du pouvoir.

Aujourd'hui, les vrais francs-tireurs sont redondants dans les médias grand public. Les relations publiques du Corporate Power sont la force dominante du journalisme moderne. Regardez la façon dont les nouvelles sont écrites : presque rien ne répond à la juste réalité. J'ai écrit pendant de nombreuses années pour le Guardian ; mon dernier article date d'il y a cinq ans, après quoi j'ai reçu un appel téléphonique. J'ai été liquidé, ainsi que d'autres écrivains indépendants. Le Guardian promeut maintenant la fiction sur la Russie d’une façon obsessionnelle, les intérêts des services de renseignements britanniques, d’Israël, du Parti démocrate américain, les narrative de la théorie des genres si chère aux bourgeois et une vision très satisfaite de lui-même. La chasse aux sorcières du journal contre Julian Assange, – dans le cadre d'une campagne que le Rapporteur de l'ONU sur la torture qualifie de “gangstérisme”, – comprend la fabrication d'un type de presse jusqu’alors pratiqué par le groupe Murdoch, de la droite ; certes, la cruauté du Guardian envers Assange est certainement une insulte aux valeurs libérales qu'il prétend défendre.

Question : Vous avez été un fervent partisan de Julian Assange, le rédacteur en chef fondateur de WikiLeaks, qui est actuellement emprisonné en Grande-Bretagne dans l'attente d'un procès pour extradition vers les États-Unis l'année prochaine pour espionnage. Qu'est-ce qui se cache derrière l'incarcération d'Assange ?

John Pilger : Julian Assange est ce que les journalistes devraient être et sont rarement : c'est un infatigable et intrépide révélateur de la vérité. Il a exposé, à grande échelle, la vie secrète et criminelle de la puissance régnante : de “nos” gouvernements, leur mensonge et la violence en notre nom. Il y a dix ans, WikiLeaks a divulgué un document du ministère britannique de la Défense qui décrivait le journalisme d'investigation comme la plus grande menace contre pouvoir secret du système. Les journalistes d'investigation sont classés plus haut sur l'échelle des menaces que les “espions russes” et les “terroristes”. Assange et WikiLeaks peuvent revendiquer ces lauriers. Si les Américains viennent le prendre et le jettent dans un trou infernal, ils viendront pour les autres, y compris les journalistes qui font simplement leur travail. Et ils viendront aussi pour leurs rédacteurs et leurs éditeurs.

Question : Vous faites remarquer qu'Assange fait honte aux grands médias occidentaux parce que Wikileaks a publié des informations accablantes exposant les crimes de guerre énormes commis par les États-Unis et leurs alliés de l'OTAN en Irak, en Afghanistan et ailleurs, alors que les grands médias ignoraient ces crimes ou leur donnaient une couverture relativement faible. Cela explique-t-il le silence de ces médias sur le sort d'Assange ?

John Pilger : Il y a enfin une prise de conscience croissante que l'injustice flagrante contre Assange est susceptible d'arriver à d'autres. La récente  communication de la National Union of Journalists de Grande-Bretagne est un signe de changement. Le silence doit être rompu si l'on veut que les journalistes retrouvent leur honneur.

Question : Vous avez récemment visité Assange, dans la prison de haute sécurité de Belmarsh, en Grande-Bretagne, où il est détenu en isolement complet. Comment décririez-vous son état physique et mental ? Vous dites qu'il fait l’objet d'un procès qui est une parodie de type stalinien. Ses mauvais traitements sont-ils comparables à ce que les médias occidentaux condamneraient comme de la persécution sous la dictature ?

John Pilger : La dernière comparution de Julian au tribunal le 21 octobre a été effectivement contrôlée par quatre Américains de l'ambassade des États-Unis qui se sont assis derrière le procureur et lui ont transmis leurs instructions écrites à la main. La juge a regardé cet outrage et a permis qu'il se poursuive. En même temps, elle traitait les avocats de Julian avec mépris. Quand Julian, qui est malade, a eu du mal à prononcer son nom, elle s’est mise à ricaner. La différence par rapport aux procès staliniens de la Guerre froide, c'est qu’il n’a pas été retransmis par la télévision d’Etat ; la BBC n’a rien passé.

Question : Avec l'arrestation de Julian Assange et d'autres journalistes indépendants comme Max Blumenthal aux États-Unis qui ont dénoncé les crimes de changement de régime de Washington au Venezuela, et compte tenu du silence des médias occidentaux, pensez-vous qu'il soit vraiment possible que les États-Unis évoluent vers le fascisme d'Etat policier ?

John Pilger : Certains diraient que cela est d’ores et déjà le cas.


Comment l’Iran et Israël se préparent à la guerre


Les tensions et les incidents entre Israël et l’Iran se multiplient. Alors que l’Iran pousse Israël à la faute, Qasem Soleimani (vingt-deux ans à la tête de la force Al-Qods) semble personnellement visé par l’Etat hébreu. L’analyse de Gil Mihaely.

En Syrie, le bras de fer engagé entre l’Iran et Israël s’intensifie.

Dernier incident rendu public en date: le 20 novembre, quatre roquettes ont été lancées par des milices affiliées aux gardiens de la révolution iraniens depuis une base près de Damas vers le nord d’Israël. C’était l’énième réponse aux attaques israéliennes ciblant le grand projet iranien: augmenter les capacités du Hezbollah libanais. Téhéran entend transformer les roquettes du Hezbollah (des projectiles peu précis, surtout à longue portée) en missiles sol-sol guidés et donc beaucoup plus précis. Pour Jérusalem, cette révolution qualitative est une ligne rouge. Rouge écarlate.

Du point de vue de Téhéran, il s’agit d’une étape stratégique cruciale: menacer Israël – et donc les Etats-Unis – sans s’exposer directement.

Les moyens d’Israël restent supérieurs

Les Russes, maîtres non absolus du jeu, comprennent les intérêts israéliens. Ils ne verraient pas d’un mauvais œil l’affaiblissement de la présence iranienne en Syrie. Cependant, à court terme, la stratégie militaire israélienne les gêne. Elle expose l’infériorité des forces syriennes équipées et entraînées par Moscou, ce qui pourrait également apparaître pour certains comme un manque de contrôle de la situation par Poutine. C’est pour cette raison que les Russes ont dévoilé les trajectoires des chasseurs israéliens, notamment dans les espaces aériens de la Jordanie et de l’Irak. Une manière de bien faire comprendre à tous les acteurs que ce qu’ils voient, ils pourraient l’empêcher…

Dans ce petit jeu, Israël a quelques atouts. Si ses intérêts vitaux sont menacés (ce qui rend le pays tenace et motivé), ses moyens technologiques et humains demeurent largement supérieurs, alors que les milices iraniennes sont au mieux médiocres, et que l’Iran n’a pas d’aviation dans l’arène et que ses capacités de renseignement restent faibles. Mais la République islamique a un avantage important: Téhéran peut échouer aussi souvent que nécessaire, sans payer un véritable prix, tout en tirant un profit politique et stratégique du moindre « succès » remporté contre l’Etat juif ! En revanche, Israël est condamné au « sans-faute »: chaque erreur, chaque perte est brandie par l’adversaire comme un trophée d’Austerlitz. Les Iraniens en sont conscients et s’appliquent patiemment à trouver la faille israélienne.

Pousser Israël à la faute

Dans cette lutte entre patience et performance, un changement est perceptible depuis peu: au lieu de subir les attaques et de reconstruire ce qu’Israël a détruit, les forces iraniennes en Syrie (et peut être le gouvernement de Téhéran…) ripostent. Action israélienne, réaction iranienne. En agissant ainsi, l’Iran provoque et légitime des nouvelles frappent israéliennes. Tout cela traduit une certaine fébrilité à Téhéran. Les tensions en Irak et récemment en Iran et la pression économique exercée par Donald Trump font croire à certains acteurs iraniens qu’il faut prendre plus de risques pour se créer des opportunités en poussant Israël à la faute. Quand les échecs ne coûtent pas grand-chose, on peut toujours espérer provoquer une erreur de l’adversaire…

C’est dans ce contexte qu’il faut interpréter une petite phrase – bizarrement passée assez inaperçue – glissée dans l’une des premières interventions publiques de Naftali Bennett, le nouveau ministre israélien de la Défense. Selon cet ancien officier des forces spéciales, « les règles (du jeu) ont changé – quiconque tire sur Israël le jour ne dormira pas la nuit […] notre message aux dirigeants iraniens est simple : votre responsabilité personnelle est désormais engagée, votre impunité est finie. »

Qasem Soleimani personnellement menacé ?

La cible en question n’est probablement ni le guide Ali Khamenei ni le président Hassan Rohani: les hommes politiques ne sont – sauf exceptions rares – pas des cibles légitimes.

Quelqu’un a probablement parfaitement compris le message.  Son nom est Qasem Soleimani. Le général des Gardiens de la Révolution commande – depuis 1997 ! – la Force Al-Qods, unité spéciale chargée des opérations hors du territoire iranien. Sa carrière digne d’un général algérien (vingt-deux ans à la tête de cette unité !) est un cas typique du pouvoir iranien. Soleimani n’est pas un fonctionnaire au sens français du terme, mais une sorte de duc quasi-propriétaire de son poste, détenu par un clan. Autrement dit, Soleimani est un membre important de l’Etat dans l’Etat iranien, construit autour des gardiens de la révolution. Au sein de cette structure, il est chargé d’une politique extérieure parallèle, le cauchemar du ministre des Affaires étrangères Mohamad Javad Zarif. Or, ce dernier constate que les montagnes de dollars englouties par Soleimani au Liban, Syrie, Irak et Yémen sont non seulement loin de donner les dividendes espérés, mais qu’elles manquent cruellement à la société et l’économie nationales.


Des missiles précis basés au Liban

La dernière guerre au nord d’Israël date de l’été 2006. La question qu’on peut se poser est de savoir si une autre est imminente. Rappelons d’abord que ni l’Iran ni le Hezbollah n’avaient souhaité en juin 2006 provoquer une crise importante. Les deux alliés se seraient bien contentés du succès de l’embuscade contre une patrouille israélienne. Aujourd’hui non plus, le déclenchement d’un conflit total ne semble pas être souhaité: le Hezbollah risque d’aliéner une grande partie de la société libanaise et l’Iran cherche tout simplement à pointer un pistolet chargé contre la tempe d’Israël, pour le jour où la survie du régime serait sérieusement menacée: des missiles sol-sol précis dont la portée va jusqu’à 150-200 km, basés au Liban.

Pour Israël, la stratégie – destruction massive de l’hôte libanais pour le pousser à rejeter la milice chiite parasite – a un tel coût qu’il vaut mieux qu’elle reste une menace dissuasive.

La meilleure des solutions pour Israël est donc une nationalisation de la société libanaise (un processus déjà en marche) qui aboutira à la neutralisation du Hezbollah, cette arme iranienne contre Israël. Pour la Syrie, la logique est pareille: la consolidation du régime exclurait un scenario libanais et donc la création d’un Etat iranien dans l’Etat syrien.

Téhéran sous pression

Nous sommes donc entre deux logiques fortes: d’une côté, la volonté d’améliorer les armes du Hezbollah et les réserver pour une grande occasion, calme certaines ardeurs.

De l’autre côté, la crainte de voir cette option stratégique si chèrement acquise neutralisée par une stabilisation de la gouvernance au Liban appelle d’autres à vouloir l’utiliser dans une occasion moins solennelle… plutôt que de la voir disparaître sans avoir jamais servi!

Si on ajoute la pression considérable qu’opère sur le régime iranien les tensions domestiques causées par les sanctions américaines et les difficultés de leurs alliés à Bagdad, la tentation de l’escalade devrait être réelle à Téhéran. Tout dépend maintenant des rapports de force au sein de l’élite iranienne.

Les durs – autour des Gardiens de la révolution -, enhardis par leurs succès au Yémen et pendant la guerre civile syrienne, sont encouragés par la réponse hésitante des Etats-Unis (surtout après l’attaque contre le site de production d’Aramco en septembre). Ils aimeraient pousser en avant leur stratégie de sape et de guerre par intermédiaires. Leurs adversaires (qui ne sont pas forcément des modérés pour autant) ont peur d’une mainmise des Gardiens de la Révolution sur le pouvoir. Ces derniers ne peuvent donc pas lâcher leur projet syro-libanais sans en payer le prix fort au sommet de l’appareil du pouvoir. En même temps, ils estiment qu’il faut accélérer les choses car le temps est compté. Israël continuera à les empêcher par la force. Les récentes visites des responsables américains de défense en Israël sont des indices qu’à Washington aussi, on croie que la logique profonde de stratégies opposées et les enjeux vitaux des acteurs principaux devraient tôt ou tard aboutir à une guerre plus ou moins directe entre Israël et l’Iran.



How to dismantle a nuclear bomb


How do weapons inspectors verify that a nuclear bomb has been dismantled? An unsettling answer is: They don't, for the most part.

When countries sign arms reduction pacts, they do not typically grant inspectors complete access to their nuclear technologies, for fear of giving away military secrets.

Instead, past U.S.-Russia arms reduction treaties have called for the destruction of the delivery systems for nuclear warheads, such as missiles and planes, but not the warheads themselves. To comply with the START treaty, for example, the U.S. cut the wings off B-52 bombers and left them in the Arizona desert, where Russia could visually confirm the airplanes' dismemberment.

It's a logical approach but not a perfect one. Stored nuclear warheads might not be deliverable in a war, but they could still be stolen, sold, or accidentally detonated, with disastrous consequences for human society.

"There's a real need to preempt these kinds of dangerous scenarios and go after these stockpiles," says Areg Danagoulian, an MIT nuclear scientist. "And that really means a verified dismantlement of the weapons themselves."

Now MIT researchers led by Danagoulian have successfully tested a new high-tech method that could help inspectors verify the destruction of nuclear weapons. The method uses neutron beams to establish certain facts about the warheads in question — and, crucially, uses an isotopic filter that physically encrypts the information in the measured data.


A paper detailing the experiments, "A physically cryptographic warhead verification system using neutron induced nuclear resonances," is being published today in Nature Communications. The authors are Danagoulian, who is an assistant professor of nuclear science and engineering at MIT, and graduate student Ezra Engel. Danagoulian is the corresponding author.

High-stakes testing

The experiment builds on previous theoretical work, by Danagoulian and other members of his research group, who last year published two papers detailing computer simulations of the system. The testing took place at the Gaerttner Linear Accelerator (LINAC) Facility on the campus of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, using a 15-meter long section of the facility's neutron-beam line.

Nuclear warheads have a couple of characteristics that are central to the experiment. They tend to use particular isotopes of plutonium — varieties of the element that have different numbers of neutrons. And nuclear warheads have a distinctive spatial arrangement of materials.

The experiments consisted of sending a horizontal neutron beam first through a proxy of the warhead, then through a an encrypting filter scrambling the information. The beam's signal was then sent to a lithium glass detector, where a signature of the data, representing some of its key properties, was recorded. The MIT tests were performed using molybdenum and tungsten, two metals that share significant properties with plutonium and served as viable proxies for it.

The test works, first of all, because the neutron beam can identify the isotope in question.

"At the low energy range, the neutrons' interactions are extremely isotope-specific," Danagoulian says. "So you do a measurement where you have an isotopic tag, a signal which itself embeds information about the isotopes and the geometry. But you do an additional step which physically encrypts it."

That physical encryption of the neutron beam information alters some of the exact details, but still allows scientists to record a distinct signature of the object and then use it to perform object-to-object comparisons. This alteration means a country can submit to the test without divulging all the details about how its weapons are engineered.

"This encrypting filter basically covers up the intrinsic properties of the actual classified object itself," Danagoulian explains.


It would also be possible just to send the neutron beam through the warhead, record that information, and then encrypt it on a computer system. But the process of physical encryption is more secure, Danagoulian notes: "You could, in principle, do it with computers, but computers are unreliable. They can be hacked, while the laws of physics are immutable."

The MIT tests also included checks to make sure that inspectors could not reverse-engineer the process and thus deduce the weapons information countries want to keep secret.

To conduct a weapons inspection, then, a host country would present a warhead to weapons inspectors, who could run the neutron-beam test on the materials. If it passes muster, they could run the test on every other warhead intended for destruction as well, and make sure that the data signatures from those additional bombs match the signature of the original warhead.

For this reason, a country could not, say, present one real nuclear warhead to be dismantled, but bamboozle inspectors with a series of identical-looking fake weapons. And while many additional protocols would have to be arranged to make the whole process function reliably, the new method plausibly balances both disclosure and secrecy for the parties involved.


The human element

Danagoulian believes putting the new method through the testing stage has been a significant step forward for his research team.

"Simulations capture the physics, but they don't capture system instabilities," Danagoulian says. "Experiments capture the whole world."

In the future, he would like to build a smaller-scale version of the testing apparatus, one that would be just 5 meters long and could be mobile, for use at all weapons sites.

"The purpose of our work is to create these concepts, validate them, prove that they work through simulations and experiments, and then have the National Laboratories to use them in their set of verification techniques," Danagoulian says, referring to U.S. Department of Energy scientists.

Karl van Bibber, a professor in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the University of California at Berkeley, who has read the group's papers, says "the work is promising and has taken a large step forward," but adds that "there is yet a ways to go" for the project. More specifically, van Bibber notes, in the recent tests it was easier to detect fake weapons based on the isotopic characteristics of the materials rather than their spatial arrangements. He believes testing at the relevant U.S. National Laboratories — Los Alamos or Livermore — would help further assess the verification techniques on sophisticated missile designs.

Overall, van Bibber adds, speaking of the researchers, "their persistence is paying off, and the treaty verification community has got to be paying attention."

Danagoulian also emphasizes the seriousness of nuclear weapons disarmament. A small cluster of several modern nuclear warheads, he notes, equals the destructive force of every armament fired in World War II, including the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The U.S. and Russia possess about 13,000 nuclear weapons between them.

"The concept of nuclear war is so big that it doesn't [normally] fit in the human brain," Danagoulian says. "It's so terrifying, so horrible, that people shut it down."

In Danagoulian's case, he also emphasizes that, in his case, becoming a parent greatly increased his sense that action is needed on this issue, and helped spur the current research project.

"It put an urgency in my head," Danagoulian says. "Can I use my knowledge and my skill and my training in physics to do something for society and for my children? This is the human aspect of the work."

The research was supported, in part, by a U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Award.

Reprinted with permission of MIT News. Read the original article.


Remembering JFK


VOANews: Remembering John F. Kennedy – the 56th Anniversary of the Assassination

56 years ago, President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed during a visit to Dallas, Texas, November 22, 1963. His assassination shocked Americans and people around the world.

👉 President John Kennedy, 46 years old when he died, was the youngest man ever elected president. He served only 1,000 days in office, yet he remains one of the most popular presidents in American history.

Kennedy was elected president in 1960, and faced difficult foreign policy decisions during his less than three years in office. The United States and the Soviet Union were in the midst of a Cold War, and he was elected on a goal of fighting Communism.

He suffered early in his term with a failed invasion of Cuba. But his public image recovered during a visit to Germany. In Berlin, Kennedy became famous for a speech denouncing Soviet Communism.
Later, he ordered a naval blockade of Cuba in an effort to stop the shipment of Soviet missiles to the island. He successfully persuaded the Soviet Union to remove the missiles already there and disarm the weapon sites.
Kennedy’s creation of the Peace Corps and his support of the space program were major victories at home during his presidency. He also helped move forward civil rights efforts.

During the 1960 campaign, it was a close battle between Kennedy, a Democratic senator from Massachusetts, and Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican nominee.

Also see:

uscitizenpod: 10 USCIS Questions in honor of President John F. Kennedy mp3 pdf


Prosecutors say Russia let MH17 suspect leave the country


Prosecutors say Russia let MH17 suspect leave the countryRussia deliberately allowed a suspect in the 2014 downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 to leave the country, Dutch prosecutors said Monday, calling it a breach of a European extradition treaty. Prosecutors announced that Volodymyr Tsemakh is considered a suspect in the shooting down of the passenger plane and deaths of all 298 passengers and crew. The Boeing 777 flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur was shot down by a Buk missile on July 17, 2014, over territory in eastern Ukraine that was controlled at the time by pro-Moscow rebels.


North Korea blasts Japanese PM as 'idiot,' warns of ballistic missile launch toward Japan


North Korea blasts Japanese PM as 'idiot,' warns of ballistic missile launch toward JapanPyongyang warns that Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe 'may see what a real ballistic missile is in the not distant future.'


Un abominable plan terrorista de Fidel Castro y del Che Guevara que verdaderamente le daría un ¨Viernes Negro¨ a New York con más víctimas mortales que el 9/11


Un plan terrorista de Fidel Castro que verdaderamente le daría un ¨Viernes Negro¨ a Nueva York

Por Pedro Pablo Arencibia Cardoso 
Pasemos ahora a un ejemplo del terrorismo Castrista después de su toma del Poder en enero de 1959
Es conocido que Fidel Castro en 1962 sugirió a la URSS dar el primer golpe nuclear. Fidel Castro, sin sonrojarse, ha dicho posteriormente que eso había sido un error de traducción del Embajador soviético. Las personas que se sonrojan son aquellas que tienen vergüenza o les queda un poco de ella, pero los que no la tienen... En la guerra nuclear que hubiera desatado ese primer golpe nuclear hubieran muerto muchos millones de personas inocentes, luego son falsas las palabras de Fidel Castro cuando afirma en la antes mencionada reflexión sobre la muerte de Osama Bin Laden: ¨… en cambio, opuestos por principios a todo acto terrorista que condujera a la muerte de personas inocentes…¨ Como detalle curioso, poco conocido, diré que en los años 80s del pasado siglo XX los Castro trataron nuevamente de tener armas nucleares según plantea Vasili Mitrokhin archivero durante 30 años de la KGB que desertó a Gran Bretaña.

Pero el ejemplo del carácter terrorista del Castrismo posterior al triunfo revolucionario que deseo detallar en este artículo no es ese precisamente; es un ejemplo menos conocido: concretamente es el plan terrorista de Fidel Castro y de Ernesto ¨Che¨ Guevara para ser llevado a cabo en noviembre de 1962 y que hubiera ocasionado miles y miles de muertes y hubiera destruido parte de Nueva York de no haber sido descubierto y frustrado por el Buró Federal de Investigaciones de los Estados Unidos. 

(Parada de la tienda Macy´s de 1962)

La noticia fue cubierta en el diario New York Times del 18 de noviembre de 1962 pero hoy se conocen más detalles de ese horrendo plan que había ya pasado de la fase de planificación. Los escritores Humberto Fontova y Servando González han investigado sobre dicho plan que muy probablemente hubiera tenido una cifra más alta de muertes que la cantidad del luctuoso 9/11, ya que los atentados se iban a llevar a cabo en múltiples lugares, entre ellos las tres tiendas más grande del mundo en ese entonces, y en una fecha donde se alcanzan las cifras máximas de venta del año por los bajísimos premios que se ofertan en el llamado ¨Viernes Negro ¨, que siempre es el día posterior al Día de Acción de Gracia o ¨Thanksgiving Day¨ y el Día de la Parada de la tienda Macy's correspondiente al año 1962. Los detalles de dicho plan que aparecen en este artículo son del artículo Castro and Che's foiled (and forgotten) 9 /11 de Humberto Fontova y del libro The Nuclear Deception: Khruschev and the Cuban Missile Crisis, de Servando González. El artículo de Humberto Fontova puede leerse en idioma español, gracias a la traducción de Ernesto Hernández Busto, en:

El 3 de octubre de 1962 llegó a Nueva York Roberto Santiesteban Casanova, un hombre de confianza de los Castro, que era experto en técnicas terroristas que se había graduado en una escuela secreta de terrorismo ubicada no lejos de la ciudad de La Habana; Santiesteban llegaba con fachada de attaché para ocupar un cargo menor en la Misión Diplomática de Cuba en Naciones Unidas. Santiesteban tan pronto llegó a Nueva York se entrevistó con parte del equipo con el que llevaría a cabo el siniestro plan terrorista; algunos de los integrantes con los que se reunió fueron los también attachés Castristas José Gómez Abad y su esposa lsa Monero Maldonado, así como un cubano dueño de una joyería llamado José García Orellana.

Según los resultados de búsqueda que he hecho en Internet en sitios oficialistas Castristas y sitios afines, José Gómez Abad (hijo del guerrillero comunista español José Gómez Galloso, ¨López¨, quien fue muerto mediante garrote vil en España el 6 de noviembre de 1948 por sus acciones guerrilleras) nació en La Habana en 1941 y con 19 años de edad se integró a los Órganos de la Seguridad del Estado de Cuba a los cuales perteneció durante tres décadas. En leemos: 

¨En el transcurso de 30 años, hasta su jubilación, trabajando en la Dirección General de Inteligencia (DGI) del Ministerio del Interior de Cuba, ocupó diferentes cargos y responsabilidades entre ellas el de Jefe de Sección, Ayudante Ejecutivo del Viceministro Primero y Jefe de la DGI.¨

(José Gómez Abad poco antes de morir; foto tomada durante un viaje que hizo a España)
.Luego inferimos sin equivocarnos de que José Gómez Abad era miembro de la Seguridad Cubana cuando fue detenido en Nueva York por participar en el mencionado plan terrorista.

El plan terrorista Castrista consistía en colocar doce dispositivos incendiarios y 500 kilogramos del explosivo TNT en las tiendas Macy's, Gimbels y Bloomingdales, y en la Estación Central de Ferrocarriles de Manhattan. En la página 154 del mencionado libro de Servando González se añaden otros objetivos: la Estatua de la Libertad, la Terminal de ómnibus de la calle 42 y refinerías en la ribera oeste del Hudson, en Nueva Jersey. Las explosiones debían efectuarse durante el ¨Viernes Negro¨ del año 1962.

El plan incluía muchas personas y ese fue su ¨ talón de Aquiles¨ por el cual el FBI pudo conocer de dicho plan y neutralizarlo. El FBI estimaba que hasta 30 personas podrían formar parte del complot, pero Roberto Santiesteban Casanova, José Gómez Abad y su esposa Elsa Monero Maldonado, una ex guerrillera de la lucha contra el régimen de Fulgencio Batista que había pertenecido al III Frente Oriental ¨Mario Muñoz Monroy¨ eran los tres más importantes. Otros complotados – según Humberto Fontova-eran miembros del capítulo en Nueva York del Comité "Fair Game for Cuba" o ¨Trato Justo para Cuba¨; organización que se haría muy famosa después que al ser detenido Lee Harvey Oswald por el asesinato del Presidente John F. Kennedy se les ocuparon algunos volantes de esa organización.

El 17 de noviembre de 1962 Santiesteban fue capturado después de correr intentando escapar mientras masticaba y se tragaba algunos papelesen el suelo intentó sacar su pistola cuando era sometido por los agentes del FBI. José y Elsa fueron arrestados sin resistencia al salir de su apartamento. 

 Los terroristas José y Elsa se acogieron a su inmunidad diplomática y pese a ellos haber reclutado a tres persona en los EE.UU. para ese plan, incluyendo entre ellos a una mujer norteamericana, fueron liberados; el caso de Santiesteban fue un poco más complicado pues no había en el momento de su detención aún presentado sus papeles diplomáticos. Roberto Santiesteban Casanova estuvo preso hasta que U Thantel entonces Secretario General de la ONU, intervino para que se le diera la inmunidad diplomática, por lo cual fue liberado con 250 000 dólares de fianza y se le permitió salir de los EE.UU. sin ser llevado a la justicia. De Roberto Santiesteban Casanova se supo que estaba en República Dominicana durante la revuelta de abril de 1965 cooperando con el lado rebelde. Se comprobó de que era un miembro de la Dirección General de la Inteligencia Castrista y de su sistema de sabotaje.

El Procurador General de los EE.UU. expresó que ese plan estaba "aimed at the heart of the internal security of the United States of America.", o sea, "dirigido al corazón de la seguridad interna de los Estados Unidos de América."

Nota del Bloguista de Baracutey Cubano

En el libro  Foreign Consular Offices in the United States aparece  la tal Margarita Quintana como Miss Jacoba Margarita  Quintana  Quintana como Vice cónsul para Michigan, reconocida desde  el 16 de mayo de 1957; es decir:  cuando aún en Cuba  gobernaba Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar.

ENERO 10, 2011



En los primeros meses de 1959, el gobierno de Castro envió a Detroit, en un cambio de su consulado a la bella Margarita Quintana, de amplia experiencia diplomática. Además de cónsul, trabajaba para los servicios secretos de Castro,y se relacionó con el ingeniero norteamericano Robert Braun, especialista en el manejo de instrumentos electrónicos, dueño de un laboratorio que suministraba equipos especiales a la Comisión de Energía Atómica de los Estados Unidos.

En plena luna de miel, Margarita y Braun desaparecieron de los Estados Unidos y se domiciliaron en Cuba, dejando preparadas para su envió a La Habana, todas sus pertenencias que sumaban 25 cajas y paquetes. En mayo y junio de 1960, el equipaje fue llevado al consulado cubano en West Palm Beach para ser reembarcado hacia Cuba, como rezaba en las franquicias. Durante la carga, uno de los bultos llamó la atención de los oficiales aduaneros e intervino el FBI que retuvo el equipaje pese a las airadas protestas del cónsul y de la cancillería cubana.

Tras una larga batalla judicial con los representantes cubanos, el 9 de agosto de 1961 se obtuvo la orden legal para realizar la inspección (Era un pequeño laboratorio atómico! Se ocuparon métodos de identificación semejantes a los usados por los Estados Unidos para reconocer aviones en pleno vuelo, un sistema de control para bombarderos B-52, instrumentos para reconocimientos aéreos y planos de equipos clasificados. Más sorprendente fue el hallazgo de documentos que relacionaban a la pareja con el espía de secretos relacionados con la energía nuclear Klaus Fuchs, así como las pruebas de que Braun sostenía contactos regulares en Detroit con el agregado comercial soviético, a través de su esposa.

El rompecabezas fue armándose y en febrero de 1964, se conoció del emplazamiento de bases subterráneas en la provincia de Pinar del Río, supervisadas por el director del programa electrónico de Castro, nada menos que el ingeniero Braun, quien en cooperación con un equipo de ingenieros cubanos y soviéticos, donde figuraba Nicolás Yepylev, laboraba en la instalación de equipos electrónicos muy adelantados para una estación de rastreo de satélites en Cuba. La agencia de noticias francesa France Press, ofrecía la noticia de que Cuba se había convertido en una potencia electrónica equipada para vigilar toda la navegación marítima y aérea del Caribe y la costa oriental de los Estados Unidos.

Los designios de Castro de reclamar las islas del Cisne, localizadas a mitad de camino entre Cuba y Honduras, no fructificarían en el continente y sólo dejarían recelo, incluso entre los aliados castristas en ese país. Castro quería obtener las Islas del Cisne y también Puerto Cortés, en Honduras; este último, utilizado históricamente por negociantes y aventureros cubanos para contrabandear cargamentos de madera y más tarde, transformado por Castro en un paraje para infiltrar guerrilleros, agentes y alijos de armas, aprovechándose de los cargueros que navegaban por el golfo de Honduras hasta Belice.

El propio presidente hondureño, Villeda Morales, realizaría en enero de 1961 una locución angustiada ante las amenazas de Castro "yo confieso que somos incapaces de dominar la influencia castrista en Honduras por nuestros propios medios. No podemos derrotarla solos ni puede hacerlo ningún otro país centroamericano. Necesitamos un esfuerzo colectivo. Los países deben abandonar su actitud pasiva".

Ya para 1963, Castro está experimentando reveses en sus esfuerz­os por subvertir con guerrillas la América Latina, agravados por su sorda disputa con varios partidos comunistas. Sin penas ni glorias, comienzan a languidecer los grupos trotskis­tas peruanos de Hugo Blanco, los colombianos de Pedro Antonio Marín, las huestes brasileñas de Francisco Juliao y el MIR venezolano.


Yemen’s Houthi Claims To Shoot Down Saudi Wing Loong UAV Over Yemen


On November 29, 2019, Yemen’s Houthi rebels shootdown of a Royal Saudi Army Boeing AH-64A Apache helicopter near the border with a surface-air missile, killing two pilots. The Houthis announced late on November 30 that their Air Defense Force had shot down an unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) of the Saudi-led coalition over the northwestern …

The post Yemen’s Houthi Claims To Shoot Down Saudi Wing Loong UAV Over Yemen appeared first on Fighter Jets World.


That Time F-15 AIM-9M Sidewinder Missile Accidentally Hit Another F-15 Fighter Jet


on Mar. 19, 1990 a U.S. Air Force (USAF) Elmendorf Air Force Base (AFB) F-15 Eagle accidentally hit by an AIM-9M Sidewinder missile fired from another USAF F-15. As can be seen by looking at the photo, the missile caused extensive damage to the tail section of the aircraft and moderate damage to the left-wing …

The post That Time F-15 AIM-9M Sidewinder Missile Accidentally Hit Another F-15 Fighter Jet appeared first on Fighter Jets World.


Mysterious Missile Battery Spotted Near White House Following An Airspace Violation


According to the NBC News report, the White House and the U.S. Capitol were put on temporary lockdown following an airspace violation in Washington D.C., according to law enforcement sources. The lockdown began shortly before 8:30 a.m. and was lifted at about 9:12 a.m., according to the Capitol Police. The Secret Service said in a …

The post Mysterious Missile Battery Spotted Near White House Following An Airspace Violation appeared first on Fighter Jets World.


Yemen’s Houthi Claims To Shoot Down Saudi Army AH-64A Apache Helicopter


Yemen’s Houthi rebels have claimed the shooting down of a Royal Saudi Army Boeing AH-64A Apache helicopter near the border with a surface-air missile, killing two pilots. “A Saudi Apache helicopter was shot down by a surface-to-air missile… and its two pilots were killed as it was completely burned,” the group’s military spokesman, Yahya Sarea, …

The post Yemen’s Houthi Claims To Shoot Down Saudi Army AH-64A Apache Helicopter appeared first on Fighter Jets World.


Arthur I. Cyr: Turkey remains vital

On Nov. 13, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey visited Washington D.C. with his counterpart in the United States, Donald Trump. Both leaders are controversial, in different ways, both at home and abroad.Significant diplomatic strains characterize current relations. Washington has denounced Turkey’s purchase of Russia’s S-400 missile system, as well as hostility to minority Kurds.There is no denying the importance of the two nations. The U.S. possesses the [...]

North Korea’s Strong Hand Against the U.S.


For Halloween, Kim Jong Un gave Donald Trump a trick, not a treat: North Korea fired two short-range missiles on Thursday toward the Sea of Japan. It was North Korea’s 13th weapons test this year—and the first since the Trump administration’s latest attempt to restart negotiations with North Korea quietly failed a few weeks ago. The first talks between the two sides in eight months broke down after only 8½ hours in Stockholm. The North Korean delegates stalked out, and Pyongyang subsequently said they wouldn’t resume the “sickening” negotiations with the U.S.

The post North Korea’s Strong Hand Against the U.S. appeared first on Beyond Parallel.


U.S. deploys reconnaissance planes to Korean Peninsula, report says


Dec. 2 (UPI) --Multiple U.S. spy planes have flown over the Korean Peninsula since last week, when North Korea tested short-range missiles near its border in violation of a 2018 pledge. Reports of the ...

Yes to Peace! No to NATO! No to NATO's warmongering London summit


 posterThe North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) will continue to mark its 70th years with a Heads of State and Government summit in London on 3-4 December 2019.

For 70 years, NATO has been the number one aggressive military tool of imperialism. It is the largest and most dangerous military organization in the world. Despite rivalries between its individual members and the contradictions these from time to time present, it remains inherently and deeply interconnected with the policies of the US and EU, its so-called 'European arm'.

NATO is responsible for wars of aggression against countries and their peoples – including Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Libya – leaving an immense legacy of death, suffering, destruction and long-term environmental pollution and degradation.

NATO has continuously added members and partners and expanded its sphere of influence and intervention across the world.

NATO leads the arms race and global military spending, burdening the peoples. In 2018, the total war-related spending by all 29 NATO members totalled $963 billion, 53% of worldwide military spending – more than the remaining 164 countries of the world. Only NATO European members and Canada will spend 100 billion dollars more on militarism by the end of 2020.

At its London summit NATO will celebrate its superior military forces’ readiness for war. As its Secretary General has pointed out, “For the first time in history”, NATO achieved “combat-ready battle-groups; increased its presence in the east; tripled the size of the NATO Response Force; increased defence spending in all NATO allied countries for five years in a row and stationed more US troops in Europe”.

On the warmongering agenda of the next summit, and among other issues, the use of space, cyberspace and artificial intelligence for military purposes are up for discussion.

The US, with NATO support, withdraws from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), a decision that poses a serious threat of a nuclear escalation and of the redeployment of US missiles in Europe, as happened with the Pershing II missiles in the 1980s, leading to mass peace demonstrations in defence of peace and disarmament.

The US and its NATO allies relentlessly increase their military activities and expand their bases and installations from the Caspian Sea to the Arctic, closer and closer to Russia, but also in the Asia-Pacific region, tightening the encirclement of China. This vast network of foreign military bases, the naval fleets, the so-called anti-missile systems and the systems of global surveillance, which the US and its allies in NATO have spread across Europe and the world, are instruments of their strategy of world domination. NATO’s objectives today are openly aggressive and its arena of warmongering stretches across the whole planet.

We appeal to all organizations and activists in Europe who defend the cause of Peace, to promote actions against NATO and its London summit, for the dissolution of this political-military block and in support of the immediate struggle within each NATO member state for withdrawal from this aggressive military pact.

Reaffirming and continuing the World Peace Council’s campaign “Yes to Peace! No to NATO!”, we appeal for mobilization and initiatives in every country, and on 3 December, for a strong presence on the anti-NATO demonstration in London, together with the British Peace Assembly, calling for:

  • The dissolution of NATO!
  • The right of the people in each country to unilaterally withdraw from the NATO!
  • An end to escalating spending on war and an increase in funding for social progress and peace!
  • The immediate withdrawal of all NATO forces involved in military aggression and occupation!
  • An end to blackmail, destabilization and imperialist wars of aggression against sovereign states and peoples!
  • Support for refugees, displaced people and other victims of wars which NATO, the US and the EU promote and pursue!
  • Closure of military bases in foreign territory and the dismantling of US and NATO anti-missile systems!
  • Abolition of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction and general disarmament, together with an immediate cessation of research and the development of lethal weapons
  • A halt to the further enlargement of NATO!
  • Respect of the principles of the Charter of the UN and International Law, namely the sovereignty and equality of peoples and states!

Yes to Peace! No to NATO!

WPC European member organizations

November 2019


Other: Small Arms/Artillery Repairer (91F) - Cheltenham, DC

91F Small Arms/Artillery RepairerJob ID: Job Views: 132Location: CHELTEHNHAM, Maryland, United StatesZIP Code: 20623Job Category: Mechanic and MaintenancePosted: 11.19.2019Age Requirements: Must be between the ages of 17 and 35Job DescriptionSoldiers rely on their weapons to reign supreme on the battlefield. Working with everything from handguns and shotguns, to sniper rifles and ballistic missiles, the Small Arms/Artillery Repairer's main responsibility is to maintain the electronic systems that keep these weapons firing for the Army National Guard.Some of the Skills You'll Learn* Electronic and mechanical principles and concepts* Understanding schematics, drawings, blueprints, and wiring diagrams* Operating electronic, electrical, and mechanical test equipmentHelpful Skills* Preference for work requiring accuracy and attention to detail* Interest in working with weaponsThrough your training, you will develop the skills and experience to enjoy a civilian career as an electronic mechanic, an avionics technician, or a missile facilities repairer with firms that design, build, and test weapons for the military.Earn While You LeanInstead of paying to learn these skills, get paid to train. In the Army National Guard, you will learn these valuable job skills while earning a regular paycheck and qualifying for tuition assistance.Job training for Small Arms/Artillery Repairers consists of 10 weeks of Basic Training, where you'll learn basic Soldiering skills, and 7 weeks of Advanced Individual Training. Training consists of both classroom and field work.Benefits/RequirementsBenefits* Paid training* A monthly paycheck* Montgomery GI Bill* Federal and State tuition assistance* Retirement benefits for part-time service* Low-cost life insurance (up to $400,000 in coverage)* 401(k)-type savings plan* Student Loan Repayment Program (up to $50,000, for existing loans)* Health care benefits available* VA home loans* Bonuses, if applicable* Most non-prior service candidates will earn between $200 and $250 per drill weekend, subject to changeRequirements* Military enlistment in the Army National Guard* Must be at least a junior in high school, or have a high school diploma or a GED certificate* Must be between the ages of 17 and 35* Must be able to pass a physical exam and meet legal and moral standards* Must meet citizenship requirements (see for details)Requires military enlistment. Programs and benefits are subject to change. Ask your Army National Guard recruiter for the most up-to-date information. Actual MOS assignment may depend on MOS availability.This position may qualify for a bonus, ask your National Guard recruiter for the most up-to-date information. ()

War Ship Missile

 Cache World War is being fought in deep sea and US army have to lead the real battle experience. The Pacific takes you to epic battle in deep sea during naval warfare. In US Army Ship Battle Simulator, navigate through Pacific Ocean on your modern warship, Sneak up rivalry naval forces, attack navy battleship as a highly trained Navy Captain.


Cloud Flight

 Cache Control a real flying ship in the clouds! Cloud Flight at night, looks like a fairy tale, but you need to be careful, rockets fly. Collect coins and evade missiles. Good luck!


Deux nouveaux missiles dubwise tirés depuis Osaka sortent sur Riddim Chango !

La 9e sortie du label japonais Riddim Chango, annoncée pour début décembre, est imminente. Deux missiles dub et leur versions, concoctés par un binôme dangereux : Hiroshi Takakura et Dub […]

Wild Goose Dreams review – an internet liaison complete with visions

Ustinov Studio, Theatre Royal Bath
Hansol Jung’s tale of two lonely Koreans who meet online is witty but overstuffed with ideas

We are in Seoul. Guk Minsung is a “goose father”, one of those whose families live abroad for the sake of the children’s education; it is seven years since he has seen his US-based wife and daughter. Yoo Nanhee is a defector from North Korea, missing the father she left behind. In Michael Boyd’s new production, their loneliness and isolation in a world of internet connectivity is, at first, wittily presented.

Each stands separately on Jean Chan’s stark, putty-coloured set, staring at a computer screen (invisible to the audience). Around them dances a bright chorus of smiley young people, voicing the babel texts of techno-communication: one-zero-one-one… Missile test in… No response… What’s on your mind?… Poke here for love… Delete… Reboot.

Continue reading...

Kim Jong Un Has 'Great Satisfaction' After North Korea's Thanksgiving Rocket Test


SEOUL — North Korean leader Kim Jong Un oversaw a “successful test” of a super-large multiple launch rocket system and expressed “great satisfaction,” state media said on Friday.

North Korea fired two short-range projectiles into the sea off its east coast on Thursday in what appeared to be a fresh try out of its new multiple rocket launchers following three previous tests, South Korea’s military said.

The latest test could be a Thanksgiving reminder to the United States of a year-end deadline Kim has set for Washington to show flexibility in their stalled denuclearization talks.

Pyongyang’s official KCNA news agency said Kim oversaw the latest test, as he did with previous tests in August and September. He did not attend the last one in Oct. 31.

“The volley test-fire aimed to finally examine the combat application of the super-large multiple launch rocket system proved the military and technical superiority of the weapon system and its firm reliability,” KCNA said.

“The Supreme Leader expressed great satisfaction over the results of the test-fire.”

Kim has set an end-year deadline to kick-start the talks with Washington, but negotiations remain stalemated after a working-level meeting last month broke down.

North Korea has demanded biting sanctions be lifted and warned it could take a “new path,” raising concerns it may resume nuclear and long-range missile testing suspended since 2017.

U.S. top nuclear negotiator Stephen Biegun said last week the year-end deadline was an artificial one, but could mean a return to “provocative” steps that preceded the past two years of diplomacy.

Reporting by Hyonhee Shin and Josh Smith; Editing by Sandra Maler


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Who Dares Wins, 1982 - ★★½


Here's Stewart Lee on 1982's Who Dares Wins;

"Who Dares Wins, my most hated film, was released in 1982. Former TV hardman Lewis Collins plays Peter Skellen, who is an SAS man rather than a chart-topping 1970’s MOR singer, attempting to infiltrate a thinly disguised offshoot of the Campaign For Nuclear Disarmament and prevent a terrorist outrage. It has bad acting, bad dialogue, terrible music and a crass title sequence. But it also sets out to demonise the 80’s soft-left using impossible stereotypes and barely concealed right-wing polemic. It is like a Daily Mail version of an action movie. Not only is Who Dares Wins rubbish, it is also evil, and an example of that cinematic rarity, the commercially released facist film. Nearly a quarter of a century after its completion, it now serves as an elegy for the death of the soft British left of the 70’s and 80’s, that will move anyone who came of age politically in the Red Wedge era to tears of regret. Like Tony Blair, Lewis Collins’ SAS man pretends to be one of the revolutionaries, and even manages to convince one of them to sleep with him, but eventually leads them to their doom, having been a puppet of American-British military interests all along. Oddly the only sympathetic character in the film is the leader of the anti-nuclear terrorists, played by a young Judy Davis, whose closing speech sounds impossibly idealistic when delivered to the generals soon to delight in her death. As Blake wrote of Milton’s Paradise Lost, it would appear that the screenwriters were of the devil’s party without knowing it"

I agree with Stewart Lee on virtually everything, and so it ought to come as no surprise that I could not agree with him more here. Of course I would, I am after all a socialist and fully paid up member of both the Labour Party and CND. In the past too I've even performed in an agit-prop theatre group like the one Judy Davis appears in here. Look, here I am performing street theatre in a similarly spooky, blank facemask to the ones used in this film. I was playing 'Big Business'. Oh yes. *Adopts Rik from The Young Ones voice* Right On!

Who Dares Wins is a ludicrous right-wing wet dream of a jingoistic fantasy, so dumb and tin-eared as to be absolutely laughable. For example, my own personal favourite scene is at the 'Rock Against the Bomb' concert in which, during the performance from a band called Metamorphosis, we see some skinheads bouncing up and down chanting 'Sieg Heil!'. Whilst it's true that the punk and post-punk scene had its fair share of Nazi-sympathetic subculture, it's particularly ignorant of the filmmakers to presume this would be present at a Rock Against...gig, considering it would clearly be an offshoot of the Rock Against Racism movement. There's nothing intelligent here; like the Daily Mail that Lee alludes to, the filmmakers are just lumping together all sorts of bits of anti-establishment culture they've heard of in an attempt to justify the right-wing antics of its 'heroes' and stir up moral panic. The first scene after the "crass title sequence" (which features extensive footage of the Cenotaph) is a march against the arrival of American nuclear missiles in the UK. The implication is clear; the filmmakers believe the fallen of WWI and WWII were a glorious generation who, rightly deserve our respect, but the current generation are beyond our contempt. Everyone present on that march, the CND, the pacifists, the socialists, the Labour Party, the Communist Party, the trade unions and the miners, are immediately depicted as evil or naive enough to be easily manipulated. Fancy being against nuclear weapons? What idiots! How dare they question our 'special relationship' with the US! What Commie bastards! Why can't they just shut up and stay subservient like plebs are supposed to? Just two years later, Thatcher coined the term 'the enemy within' to describe striking miners. Who Dares Wins had already painted anyone who dared to object to the policies of the British government as such in its opening sequence.

Producer Euan Lloyd was inspired to make Who Dares Wins when he, like millions of others up and down the UK, found himself glued to the very real drama of the 1980 Iranian Embassy siege being broadcast on TV. Moving quickly, he commissioned a synopsis from George Markstein which was subsequently turned into a screenplay by Reginald Rose. Rose had famously written Twelve Angry Men but, by this stage in his career, he had formed a creative relationship with Lloyd that saw him churn out screenplays for action thrillers like The Wild Geese (and its sequel) and The Sea Wolves. On his inspiration for the film, Lloyd remarked "I watched in awe at what these SAS men did, and truly I felt very proud. Terrorism worries me greatly, so here was an opportunity for me to say what I've felt for a long time". It was said that he hoped that the film's pro-authority stance would counterbalance the arguments of films like Missing, The China Syndrome, War Games and Gandhi. And that alone tells you all you need to know about Lloyd's politics and the absurd patriotism in Britain at the time as a result of the Falklands and Thatcher milking that ridiculous war for all it was worth to get her a second term.

For his leading man, Lloyd selected an actor who had impressed him in the TV series The Professionals; Lewis Collins. It was Lloyd's intention to make a genuine bona fide British action star out of Collins, in much the same way that Cubby Broccoli and Harry Saltzman had made a star out of Sean Connery back in the 1960s with the early Bond films. Taking his cue from those two producers, Lloyd hired stylists to give Collins a more film star look; a good wardrobe, a new hair style etc, but ensured that the actor felt comfortable at all times by hiring Ian Sharp, one of the regular directors on The Professionals, to direct the movie. So confident in his find was Lloyd, that he signed Collins to a three-picture deal that would see the actor appear in The Wild Geese 2, Battle for the Falklands or Task Force South (a film about the Special Boat Service during the Falklands war) and Macau. However, for whatever reason, Collins didn't appear in The Wild Geese 2 and the other two projects were never made. Instead Collins moved into the Macaroni Combat genre, appearing in three films by Antonio Margheriti; the cheekily titled Code Name: Wild Geese, Commando Leopard and The Commander. There was talk of course around this time that Collins actually wanted to really join, and maybe even tried out for, the SAS. It was the talk of the playgrounds and can often still be raised in pubs to this day. When it is, I always call bullshit, arguing that how can Collins have possibly gone undercover in Northern Ireland, surely any OC in the IRA would have said "Hold on, isn't that the bloke from The Cuckoo Waltz?". Collins' star never really rose further above this, but he did clearly inspire Ross Kemp. So we can always blame him for that.

Essentially, Who Dares Wins is just an extended episode of The Professionals. The filmmakers seem to be having great fun creating SAS porn and playing with toys such as helicopters, hovercrafts and explosives and presumably they could not believe their luck in finding their film populated by the likes of Edward Woodward, Richard Widmark, Robert Webber and the voice of nuclear war himself, Patrick Allen, as figures of authority in what are relatively minor roles. To say nothing of a batshit crazy Ingrid Pitt cast as a relic from the Baader–Meinhof Gang. Weirdly, for a film inspired by the Iranian Embassy siege, Who Dares Wins takes a very long time in actually tackling anything approaching a siege; in its far too long two hour run time, it's not until the final forty-five minutes that hostages are taken and the SAS, who had until that point been twatting about in Herefordshire under the beady eyes of Maurice Roëves and Tony Doyle, show up to become reunited with Collins and gun down all those peace-loving bastards.

And yet, for all my grumbling and for all my utter agreement with Stewart Lee, I do have a soft spot for Who Dares Wins simply because, like a lot of its more successful and flashy Cannon counterparts (The Delta Force, Invasion USA etc) it represents a key part of entertainment from my childhood. As a gripping and engaging action thriller, it does depreciate to my eyes with each passing watch and, if I were the age I am now, or maybe a little younger, when this came out, I would have probably absolutely hated it on sight for all those reasons Stewart Lee puts forward and what I have laid out here myself. However, viewed now perhaps, it's all really rather naff and so ridiculous as to be impossible to take seriously. Nevertheless, there's always a little guilty twinge I feel at the prospect of the likes of Nigel Farage and Boris Johnson watching it and nursing a semi throughout.

One thing I can't agree with Stewart Lee's critique though is his stance on the music. It's deeply repetitive yeah, but it's not terrible. It's Roy Budd after all and, though he's clearly composed this with one eye on the clock waiting for the pubs to open, Budd was never terrible.

By the way, Judy Davis hated the film and immediately came out to attack and disown on it upon its release. I cannot imagine it appearing on her CV.


North Korea conducts another short-range missile test

North Korea fired two short-range projectiles towards the East Sea (Sea of Japan) on 28 November in what was Pyongyang’s 13th such weapon test this year. South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) said in a statement that both projectiles were launched in an easterly direction at around

Israel reports drop in Iranian ballistic missile launches

Iran launched three ballistic missiles between March and June this year, the Israeli ambassador to the UN informed the Security Council in a letter released on 27 November. Ambassador Danny Danon said an unidentified missile was launched from Jalnabad in March, a Fateh-110 variant from Kuh Gitchen

A cryptocurrency expert was charged with helping North Korea evade sanctions after blockchain talk in Pyongyang



  • Federal prosecutors accused an American cryptocurrency expert of helping North Korea evade US sanctions with technical knowledge about blockchain platforms. 
  • Prosecutors alleged that Virgil Griffith, 36, used his remarks at a North Korean cryptocurrency conference to describe how North Korea could "launder money and evade sanctions" and "achieve independence from the global banking system." 
  • In August, it was revealed that North-Korean-sponsored hacking groups attacked critical infrastructure of banks and cryptocurrency exchanges to profit an estimated $2 billion for the country's nuclear and missile programs. 
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

Federal prosecutors accused an American cryptocurrency expert Virgil Griffith of helping North Korea evade US sanctions. 

Griffith, 36, was charged with conspiring to violate the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, according to a criminal complaint, and could face up to 20 years in prison. 

The Justice Department alleged in the complaint that, while giving a presentation titled "Blockchain and Peace" in Pyongyang, Griffith described how North Korea could "launder money and evade sanctions" and "use these technologies to achieve independence from the global banking system." 

The complaint also said that Griffith had attended the cryptocurrency conference even after the government denied him permission to do so. 

US Federal prosecutor Geoffrey S. Berman said in a statement that Griffith allegedly "provided highly technical information to North Korea, knowing that this information could be used to help North Korea launder money and evade sanctions."

"In allegedly doing so, Griffith jeopardized the sanctions that both Congress and the president have enacted to place maximum pressure on North Korea's dangerous regime," Berman said in the statement.

The US and the United Nations have ramped up sanctions on North Korea in recent years as a bid to settle its expanding nuclear and ballistic missile programs.

Griffith's arrest seemed to stir outrage in his tech circles, as the hacker magazine 2600 tweeted that the arrest was "an attack on all of us." The magazine's editor, Emmanuel Goldstein, tweeted in apparent disbelief that attending a conference and explaining the "concept of cryptocurrency...are crimes now?!"

Cryptocurrency has emerged at the center of the controversial programs after it was revealed that state-sponsored hacking groups attacked critical infrastructure of banks and cryptocurrency exchanges to profit an estimated $2 billion for its nuclear and missile programs. 

The former programmer was called an "internet man of mystery" by The New York Times in 2008, and described himself to the outlet as a "disruptive technologist." He currently works for Ethereum, a platform that produces a digital currency that rivals Bitcoin.

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