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Capodanno + Epifania TUNISIA 4★ All Inclusive.

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Capodanno + Epifania TUNISIA 4★ All Inclusive

          

Tourist bus crash kills more than 20 in northern Tunisia mountains

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A bus carrying Tunisian tourists crashed in the mountains in the country’s north on Sunday, killing 22 people and injuring 21, the interior ministry said.
          

Hasan - male - Tunis, Tunisia

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Im a well educated man, engineering masters degree.. I was born in Algeria, grew up in tunis till 4. Then came to the states for education. I basically go back and forth. But ive lost my Arabic and french a little bit, but still communicate. Im 6ft tall healthy, alhamdulilah. Im looking for a good Muslim wife, but hopefully someone from either algeria or close by, as im comfortable with my own people. I never married and am looking for someone mature also, close to my age.
          

Yousaid - male - Sussah, Tunisia

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Handsome and quiet with big heart Have a try one time and divorced last year I'm here for a serious relationship
          

Amal - female - souuse, Tunisia

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I'm looking here an honest, mature and educated person. A person does not have an understanding of the religion of Islam until he thinks of a hardship as being a blessing, and comfort and luxury as being a tribulation.
          

MARCKS protein overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in male breast cancer.

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Related Articles

MARCKS protein overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in male breast cancer.

Cancer Biomark. 2019 Nov 13;:

Authors: Manai M, Abdeljaoued S, Goucha A, Adouni O, Bettaieb I, Bouzaien H, Rahal K, Birnbaum D, Bertucci F, Gamoudi A

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare and aggressive disease. Thus, identification of new therapeutic targets is crucial.
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the protein expression of MARCKS (Myristoylated Alanine-Rich C-Kinase Substrate) in MBC and to investigate its prognostic value.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: MARCKS protein expression in tumor and stromal cells was analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in a retrospective series of 96 pre-chemotherapy MBC samples and 80 normal breast samples, from Tunisian patients treated at Salah Azaiez Institute. Correlations were searched between MARCKS expression and clinicopathological features including overall survival (OS).
RESULTS: MARCKS was overexpressed in epithelial tumor cells in 66% of the MBC samples versus 26% of normal samples (p= 1.40 × 10-7). Such positive MARCKS expression in epithelial tumor cells was associated with positive HER2 status (p= 4.0 × 10-3). It was associated with shorter OS in uni-and multivariate analysis. By contrast, stromal IHC MARCKS expression was correlated only with tumor grade.
CONCLUSION: MARCKS tumor cell overexpression might in part explain the aggressiveness and the poor prognosis of MBC. MARCKS can represent a potential therapeutic target for MBC.

PMID: 31771045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


          

Fruit and vegetable imports from North African countries having impact on the European sector

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Spanish fruit and vegetable imports from the six southern Mediterranean countries with which the European Commission has association agreements in force (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia) have all grown, except those of Lebanon, from where no fruit and vegetables have been imported.…
          

Death Toll in Bus Crash in Tunisia Rises to 26 - Reports

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MOSCOW (Sputnik) - The death toll in a tourist bus crash in Tunisia on Sunday has risen to 26, Tunisian media reported citing medical sources.
          

Tunisian bus plunges off cliff, killing at least 24

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Tunisian bus plunges off cliff, killing at least 24At least 24 Tunisians were killed and 18 more injured when a bus plunged into a ravine on Sunday, in one of the country's worst road accidents. The bus had set off from Tunis to the picturesque northern mountain town of Ain Draham, a popular autumn destination for Tunisians near the Algerian border, the tourism ministry said. A sign reading in English "Sweet Time Travel" -- apparently the name of the travel agency that ferried the tourists from Tunis -- lay among the debris.



          

Chocolate Prince v. Tunisia - CHOCOLATE BOTTOM WAS SUPA MOIST

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L'Aise riporta in Italia il "pirata" Lolli

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Giulio Lolli arrestato

La storia del “pirata”, “Captain Karim”, così come ricostruita dall’ordinanza di custodia in carcere firmata il 25 settembre 2019 dal gip del Tribunale di Roma Cinzia Parasporo (che ha accolto la richiesta di misura avanzata dal pm Sergio Colaiocco), è degna di un film. 

Una latitanza di quasi dieci anni e trasferimenti nel Mediterraneo, da Rimini a Malta, da Malta in Tunisia e poi in Libia, a Misurata. Un traffico d’armi pesanti e da guerra per alimentare la lotta armata contro il generale Haftar e contro l’Isis da parte di una formazione jihadista Majlis Sera Thuwar Benghazi, controllata dall’organizzazione terrorista Ansar Al Sharia (affiliata ad Al Quaeda). E al centro di tutto, secondo le accuse (ritenute inverosimili dal suo avvocato) un cittadino italiano, Giulio Lolli, bolognese, pregiudicato per vari reati, che avrebbe fornito armi ai Jadhisti grazie ad almeno due due mezzi navali, il Mephisto e il Leon, trasformati da imbarcazioni turistiche in vascelli armati. 

Lolli, che aveva sposato una libica e aveva assunto il nome di “Karim”, era detenuto dal 17 dicembre 2017 nel carcere di Mitiga (Tripoli), condannato all’ergastolo l’8 settembre 2019 in Libia (dove era riparato nel 2010) ed è stato “estradato “ grazie all’AISE (il servizio segreto estero) che ha coordinato l’azione di rientro conclusasi  domenica mattina 1 dicembre 2019 a Ciampino. L’Ambasciata d’Italia a Tripoli ha ottenuto l’espulsione amministrativa al fine di consentirgli  di affrontare la giustizia italiana, che forse a questo punto, Lolli potrebbe perfino preferire.

Comunque sia l’arresto di Lolli - prettamente schierato contro il generale Haftar - aumenterà il peso dell’Italia in Libia in questo momento.

Per valutare la caratura di Lolli va considerato che commercianti e uomini d’affari di peso e sicuramente d’esperienza, come il “faccendiere” Flavio Carboni (coinvolto nel crack del Banco Ambrosiano di Roberto Calvi), condannato in primo grado nel marzo 2018 a sei anni e mezzo di reclusione per la vicenda della P3, sono finiti nei guai per essere stati clienti del “pirata”.

Sul suo conto, oltre alla misura antiterrorismo emessa dalla procura di Roma, pendono anche due ordinanze di custodia cautelare firmate dal gip di Rimini che i carabinieri del Ros hanno provveduto a notificare. Nell’ambito dell’indagine denominata ‘Rimini Yacht’, infatti, Lolli è accusato di estorsione ed associazione per delinquere. 

Le indagini  per terrorismo sono partite da due controlli “effettuati in acque internazionali, tra maggio e giugno 2017, al largo della Libia da parte di unità navali operanti nell’ambito della missione militare europea Eunavfor Med - ‘Operazione Sophia’”. In entrambe le circostanze, in ottemperanza alla risoluzione nr. 2292 (2016) del Consiglio di Sicurezza dell’Onu e in accordo al mandato dell’operazione, il Ros sottolinea che è stato trovato e sequestrato “un ingente quantitativo di armi da guerra, inclusi lanciarazzi e mine anticarro”. La Procura di Roma, gruppo antiterrorismo, assunta la direzione delle indagini, ha delegato il Reparto antiterrorismo del Ros e, per gli accertamenti iniziali, il Comando di Eunavfor Med - ″Operazione Sophia″, a sviluppare le indagini del caso, “dalle quali emergeva che l’imbarcazione fermata era (sino al suo trasferimento in Libia ormeggiata presso il porto turistico di Rimini) originariamente uno yacht registrato in Italia sotto il nome di ‘Mephisto’ poi ridenominato ″El Mukhtar″⁣ all’atto della sua militarizzazione”. L’arrestato, secondo l’accusa degli investigatori, “aveva effettuato analoga operazione in precedenza con un’altra imbarcazione, anche questa proveniente dall’Italia, la ‘Leon’, ridenominata ‘Buka El Areibi’”. 

Una consulenza tecnica sul materiale sequestrato il primo maggio del 2017, quando l’imbarcazione Mephisto viene controllata da forze navali appartenenti alla missione militare Eunavfor Med (quello rinvenuto in una seconda occasione e’ stato smaltito in mare) descrive il materiale (armi portatili, munizionamento, granate, bombe, mine, lanciarazzi anticarro, lanciarazzi, missili anticarro e materiale accessorio da guerra convenzionale e non) come corrispondente a una fornitura da prima linea destinata al rifornimento di unita’ combattenti con un organico tipico della fanteria di assalto. Da qui l’esistenza di “gravi indizi della introduzione nello Stato libico (attraverso la nave italiana Mephisto), della detenzione e cessione a terzi di materiale bellico con finalita’ di terrorismo”.

Le indagini sono affidate dal pool antiterrorismo della Procura di Roma al Reparto antiterrorismo del ROS (Reparto Operativo speciale ) dell’Arma dei Carabinieri, ROS diretto dal generale Pasquale Angelosanto, hanno dimostrato che Lolli  operava sino “all’ottobre 2017 quale ‘Comandante delle forze rivoluzionarie della marina’” di Majlis Shura Thuwar Benghazi, “Proprio da Misurata - sottolinea il Ros -Lolli si occupava di garantire alle milizie di Majlis Shura Thuwar Benghazi a Bengasi i rifornimenti di armi; approvvigionamenti che, via mare (non essendo sicuro il trasporto via terra), dovevano giungere da Misurata”. 


          

Tunisia, bus turistico coinvolto in un incidente stradale: 24 morti

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Pupia.tv - la tua informazione

Almeno 24 persone sono morte in un incidente stradale che ha coinvolto un bus turistico in Tunisia. L’incidente è avvenuto nella zona di Ain Senoussi, nel nord-ovest del Paese. I feriti sono 18, secondo quanto fa sapere il ministero della Salute tunisino. A bordo del pullman c’erano 45 viaggiatori e, in base alle prime ricostruzioni, l’incidente […]

L'articolo Tunisia, bus turistico coinvolto in un incidente stradale: 24 morti è presente Pupia.tv.


          

Stefania Craxi: «Su papà Bettino Craxi basta meline ridicole. Ora a Hammamet tutti i leader politici»

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La figlia e l’anniversario: «Verrà anche Salvini in Tunisia? E perché no? Sulla tomba di mio padre vengono 5 mila persone all’anno»
          

Bus crash in northern Tunisia kills more than 20

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Health ministry says the vehicle veered off course after driver failed to make a sharp turn and fell in ravine.
          

Liga Arab secara resmi tolak keputusan AS soal permukiman Israel

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Liga Arab pada Senin menolak secara resmi keputusan AS untuk tidak lagi menganggap permukiman di wilayah yang diduduki-Israel ilegal, mengatakan langkah tersebut menjadi ancaman bagi perdamaian dan pelanggaran besar terhadap ...


          

Incidente in Tunisia: il bilancio sale a 26 morti e 16 feriti

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Un incidente ha coinvolto ieri un bus turistico nei pressi di Ain Draham, nel…

L'articolo Incidente in Tunisia: il bilancio sale a 26 morti e 16 feriti sembra essere il primo su Meteo Web.


          

How did November become the Mizrahi Heritage Month? And what’s Mizrahi anyhow?

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A Yemenite family walks through the desert to a reception camp 

 

Recently, a growing number of Jewish American organizations began marking November as the "Sephardic/Mizrahi Heritage Month." In the American context, awareness months come to illuminate histories of marginalized communities whose stories are overshadowed and underrepresented in the official curricula and memory. The Mizrahi heritage month, by contrast, is not a local, grassroots initiative that emerged in response to experiences of discrimination or marginalization. Instead, it is a transatlantic importation of recent attempts by the Israeli government to commemorate the forced expulsion of Jews from the Arab and Muslim world in the wake of the establishment of Israel. Nor is November a month that has any particular significance in the histories or rituals of any of the dozen Jewish minority communities that resided in Northern Africa and the Middle East. Instead, the specific date, November 30th, was chosen by the Israeli lawmaker as a symbolic birth date of the mass exodus of Jews from Arab speaking lands triggered by the UN Partition Resolution of November 29th, 1947.

 

Erroneously, in the North American Jewish world, the terms “Sephardi” and “Mizrahi” are often treated as synonymous. Yet, unlike the term “Sephardi,” which originates in the expulsion of Jews from the Iberian Peninsula in 1492 (Sepharad is the Hebrew term for Spain), Mizrahi is a category which is not only far more recent in historical terms but is also politically charged and rooted in a specific Israeli context. Mizrahi, literarily meaning “eastern” or “Oriental” in Hebrew, was an adjective-turned-term that was coined in pre-statehood Palestine and later used in Israel to denote any non-Ashkenazi Jew. In early statehood Israel, a considerable degree of patronizing attitude and discrimination towards “Oriental Jews” who were regarded as less civilized, ill-educated, lacking sufficient ideological commitment resulted in discrimination. During the 1950s, Mizrahi Jews were sent to frontier settlements and to newly established "development towns" that were established in the country's peripheral regions. Soon enough, these towns transformed into conspicuous pockets of deprivation and poverty, and their Mizrahi residents became a discernible low-status blue-collar class, deprived of the same employment and education opportunities as their Ashkenazi peers. In that process, the adjective "Mizrahi” became a highly contested and politically charged term, and not a neutral sociological category.  

 

Years of a persistent civic struggle for equal rights by Mizrahi activists and scholars in Israel, accompanied by demands for recognition of their full history, did not solve all social problems and inequality nor erase past scars. During the 1970s, the Likud Party’s leadership reappropriated the Mizrahi struggle to claim a stake at the Israeli national story. Other political parties, such as Shas, the non-Ashkenazi ultra-Orthodox party that was established during the mid-1980s, also tried to harness the Mizrahi struggle with a considerable level of success. A 2014 legislation that created a new day of commemoration for Mizrahi Jews is yet another attempt to divert the Mizrahi call for equality in Israel to a political cause. In particular, it uses the politics of memory to create a false equation between "Jewish refugees from the Arab World" and the Palestinian refugees. Jewish communities in the Middle East and North Africa region had undergone different experiences, not just between different countries, but even between various communities in the same country. 1948 was undoubtedly a turning point for a great number of them, and the Israel-Palestine conflict loomed over much of it. But casting these rich histories into one single-dimensional narrative is, in fact, a cynical strategy employed by the Israeli Right to avoid the need to address Palestinian claim for compensation on behalf of the Palestinian refugees. 

 

Right-leaning Jewish organizations in the US, such as the San Francisco based JIMENA (Jews Indigenous to the Middle East), were quick to adopt the Israeli ready-made mold of “Mizrahi commemoration” and to blend it with the American practice of “awareness months.” Their website describes them as a non-profit “committed to achieving universal recognition to the heritage and history of the 850,000 indigenous Jewish refugees Arab from countries.” Similar ideas are expressed by Hen Mazzig, a charismatic yet controversial "Hasbarah" (pro-Israeli advocacy) speaker who tours North American campuses, to speak to students about his family's immigration from Tunisia and Morocco, his experiences as a gay officer in the IDF, and ways of combating anti-Israeli critics. Critics of Israel on US campuses are described by him as silencing Middle Eastern and North African Jews. Almost simultaneously, a call upon Jews to join a mass kaddish (a prayer traditionally recited in memory of the dead) on November 30th appeared on the pages of the Jerusalem Post. It remains unclear if these are grassroots initiatives or a well-orchestrated state-funded campaign. As the Jewish daily The Forward revealed, Mazzig is most probably a contractor paid by the Israeli government. 

 

While asserting correctly that the heritage of Middle Eastern Jews does not receive equal space in the American-Jewish establishment, the kind of heritage that JIMENA and wishes to promote is equally superficial and shallow and is mostly comprised of stories of persecution and harassment followed by a final expulsion and a Zionist redemption. The historical narrative they are offering has less to do with the particular heritage and histories of these diverse communities and more to do with a politics of competitive victimhood and a “quid pro quo” argument about the nature of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, in which Jewish refugees from the Middle East are cast as mirror images of the roughly 750,000 Palestinians who were expelled during the 1948 War.

 

As historians who dedicate their careers to research modern Jewish history, who believe in the importance of studying the histories of Middle Eastern Jewish communities alongside Ashkenazi communities, we welcome the intent to deepen and broaden our understanding of the place of these communities. Eurocentric assumptions, including our tendency to understand Jewish modernity writ large as coming out of the experiences of European Jews, provides a very narrow prism that fails to capture the Jewish historical experience in all its richness and diversity. It is about time that academic Jewish Studies programs would expand their curriculum and educate the students and the wider public about the culture and history of Mizrahi Jews, alongside other non-Ashkenazi communities such as the Yemenite Jews, Iranian (Persian) Jews, Greek and Balkan Jews, Caucasus Jews, Bukharan Jews and more. We also believe in the value and the importance of heritage months to raise awareness to and help advance our understanding of marginalized social groups. Notably, per the Library of Congress website, the American-Jewish Heritage month is celebrated in May, as part of an effort of Jews to be part of the “big American Jewish tent.” We raise our eyebrows, however, at what seems as what might be an attempt to hijack this noble cause for a partisan issue and a state-sponsored invented tradition. Jewish communities in the US should pay greater attention to the non-Ashkenazi stories alongside the Ashkenazi saga. But we wonder if a day of commemoration that is copy-pasted mechanically rather than reflectively by Jewish diaspora communities would serve that purpose.


          

Tunisia's New Government Faces Daunting Challenges

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Tunisians elected a new government this year that inherited a series of daunting challenges, including restoring the country's faith in their government and tackling corruption and economic problems.
          

Egypt U-17 suffer defeat to Tunisia in North African Championship final

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Egypt U-17 national team suffered a 3-1 defeat to hosts, Tunisia, in the North African Championship’s final game. The Pharaohs opened the scoring in the first half before Tunisia equalized from a penalty at the stroke of half time. Tunisia then added a second goal after the break before scoring a third after Egypt missed […]

The post Egypt U-17 suffer defeat to Tunisia in North African Championship final appeared first on KingFut.


          

24 killed in Tunisia when bus plummets off hill

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A bus plummeted off a hill in Tunisia on Sunday morning, killing 24 passengers who were on an excursion in the country's north, government officials said. The regional bus, which was carrying 43 people and belonged to a private local company, veered off a winding road after the driver failed to maneuver a sharp turn and crashed at the bottom of a ravine, the Interior Ministry said. Local media showed images of an overturned, crumpled bus with smashed windows at the foot of a hill.
          

Tunisian bus plunges off cliff, killing at least 24

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At least 24 Tunisians were killed and 18 more injured when a bus plunged into a ravine on Sunday, in one of the country's worst road accidents. The bus had set off from Tunis to the picturesque northern mountain town of Ain Draham, a popular autumn destination for Tunisians near the Algerian border, the tourism ministry said. A sign reading in English "Sweet Time Travel" -- apparently the name of the travel agency that ferried the tourists from Tunis -- lay among the debris.
          

Xe buýt lao xuống vách núi: hơn 40 người thương vong

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(thegioitiepthi.vn) - Chiếc xe buýt chở khách du lịch bất ngờ lao xuống khe núi Ain Snoussi ở Tunisia vào hôm Chủ nhật (1/12) khiến 24 người tử vong và 18 người khác bị thương. Đây là một trong những vụ tai nạn đường bộ nghiêm trọng nhất nước này. ]]>
          

Accident teribil: Cel puţin 24 de morţi după ce un autocar cu turişti a căzut într-o râpă în Tunisia

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Cel puţin 24 de persoane au decedat duminică după ce un autocar ce transporta turişti a ieşit de pe carosabil şi a căzut într-o râpă în nord-vestul Tunisiei, informează agenţia de ştiri Tass, citând surse locală.
          

'Masturbation photos' prompt Tunisia's #MeToo anger

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Photos of a man allegedly masturbating in a car outside a high school in Tunisia have prompted an outpouring of stories by women about the sexual abuse and harassment they have experienced. They are ...
          

OMV Sustainability Newsletter Out Now

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Sustainable development in and around our operations is a key focus to OMV. In addition to our efforts in improving our sustainability performance and people’s wellbeing in our operations, we also invest in sustainable development solutions for society and neighboring communities. This newsletter summarizes our recent sustainability progress.

OMV strengthened cooperation with VERBUND for renewable energy options in Austria

OMV and VERBUND first joint project will be to build Austria's largest photovoltaic plant.

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OMV with Snam and TAG started exploring potential opportunities in the field of sustainable LNG mobility in Austria

Gas is the most immediate solution for reducing pollution from fine dust and CO2 emissions from light and heavy transportation. The MoU with with Snam and TAG lays out the intention to jointly explore potential opportunities in the field of sustainable LNG mobility in Austria.

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OMV remained the only Austrian company listed in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index

For the second year in a row, OMV has entered the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI World) and is still the sole Austrian company included.

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Did you know?
All greenhouse gas reduction projects implemented in OMV's operations since 2009 have delivered a total reduction of 1.7 mn t CO2 equivalent. This equals removing 850,000 cars from Austrian streets. 

OMV's recent achievements in social and community investments:

EUR 4 mn committed to more energy efficient public buildings in Romania

More energy efficient buildings can lower Europe’s CO2 emissions. In Romania, OMV Petrom endorsed “Romania Eficienta”, a national four year programme for raising awareness and financing deep renovation for efficiency of public buildings.

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Raised public awareness on circular waste management in Romania and Norway

In Romania, our community investments raised awareness among over 4200 people about recycling and valorization of domestic waste. In Norway, we collected ocean waste for local recycling together with the organization “Clean Shores”.

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Funded 11 innovations for sustainable development in Romania

OMV Petrom funded 11 innovations with EUR 0.5 mn in seed funding contributing to e.g. increasing access to education in remote communities and improving the recovery and integration of children with autism through virtual reality.

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Raised capacity of local suppliers in Yemen

In Yemen, we organized a supplier workshop to enhance our local content outreach. 27 local companies were introduced to OMV's tendering procedures, the importance of HSSE & CSR, current local contractors’ performance, and ways to improve. 

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Launched an entrepreneurship challenge in Tunisia

As part of Nawara Project community investments we launched a Program of Entrepreneurship and Vocational Training – the “TAHADDI” Program. TAHADDI is Arabic for “challenge”. This programme aims to offer subcontractors’ demobilized workers’, as well as the unemployed community members of Tataouine, a path to alternative employment or self-employment. 100 beneficiaries will benefit from entrepreneurship training, seed money, and post-business creation coaching. Another 60 will be able to participate in certified trainings in domestic gas installation, or scaffolding (pictured).

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Subscribe to receive this regular OMV Sustainability Newsletter here.


          

UN chief warns of ‘point of no return’ on climate change

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MADRID – U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said Sunday that the world’s efforts to stop climate change have been “utterly inadequate” so far and there is a danger global warming could pass the “point of no return.”

Speaking before the start Monday of a two-week international climate conference in Madrid, the U.N. chief said the effects of rising temperatures – including more extreme weather – are already being felt around the world, with dramatic consequences for humans and other species.

He noted that the world has the scientific knowledge and the technical means to limit global warming, but “what is lacking is political will.”

“The point of no return is no longer over the horizon,” Guterres told reporters in the Spanish capital. “It is in sight and hurtling toward us.”

Delegates from about 200 countries will try to put the finishing touches on the rules governing the 2015 Paris climate accord at the Dec. 2-13 meeting, including how to create functioning international emissions trading systems and compensate poor countries for losses they suffer from rising sea levels and other consequences of climate change.

Guterres cited mounting scientific evidence for the effect that man-made emissions of greenhouse gases are already having on the planet, including record temperatures and melting polar ice.

But he insisted that his message was “one of hope, not of despair. Our war against nature must stop and we know that that is possible.”

Countries agreed in Paris four years ago to limit global warming to well below 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit, ideally 2.7F, by the end of the century compared with preindustrial times. Already, average temperatures have increased by about 1.8F, leaving little room for the more ambitious target to be met.

Guterres said growing demands from citizens, particularly young people, have shown there is widespread desire for climate action.

“What is still lacking is political will,” he said. “Political will to put a price on carbon. Political will to stop subsidies on fossil fuels. Political will to stop building coal power plants from 2020 onwards. Political will to shift taxation from income to carbon. Taxing pollution instead of people.”

Guterres noted that about 70 countries – many of them among the most vulnerable to climate change – have pledged to stop emitting more greenhouse gases by 2050.

“But we also see clearly that the world’s largest emitters are not pulling their weight. And without them, our goal is unreachable,” he said.

The U.N. chief said he hoped the meeting in Madrid would see governments make more ambitious pledges ahead of a deadline to do so next year.

He also said that creating a worldwide market for emissions, which is a key element of the sixth article of the Paris accord, remained one of the most contentious issues for negotiators.

“We are here to find answers for Article 6, not to find excuses,” Guterres said.

Guterres also announced that outgoing Bank of England governor Mark Carney will become his new special envoy on “climate action and climate finance” from next year.

Organizers expect about 29,000 visitors, including about 50 heads of state and government for Monday’s opening, as well as scientists, seasoned negotiators and activists during the two-week meeting.

Some of the world’s largest carbon emitters – the U.S., China and India – will be represented by ministers or lower-level officials.

The U.S. administration of President Donald Trump, which has announced the intention to withdraw from the Paris agreement, is represented by Marcia Bernicat, principal deputy assistant secretary of state for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi is leading a delegation of Democratic lawmakers to the talks.

More than 5,000 police officers are charged with keeping the summit safe, Spain’s Interior Ministry said Sunday. Although authorities have stepped-up border controls and cybersecurity measures, authorities have kept the country’s terror alert one level under the highest, where it has been ever since extremist attacks in Tunisia and France in mid-2015.


          

Foreign Investors Could Be Granted Tunisian Residence Permits

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Foreign investors could now be granted Tunisian residence permits so as to facilitate their investment activities across the country, the Tunisia Investment Authority (TIA) said in a statement Monday.
          

State Cannot Continue to Function While Devoting Nearly Half of Budget to Wage Bill (Tarek Cherif)

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -"The state cannot continue to function while devoting nearly half of the budget to the wage bill, to the detriment of development and investment," said Confederation of Tunisian Citizen Enterprises (CONECT) President Tarek Cherif in a statement to TAP.
          

Al Harak Political Committee Appoints Khaled Traouli As Party President

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -The political committee of Al Harak party "Tounes Al Irada" decided on Monday to appoint Khaled Traouli as party president and to accept Moncef Marzouki's resignation from the position.
          

Tunisia and UK Opt for Sustainable Tourism in Hammamet

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -The British Embassy in Tunisia announced the signing of a UK/Tunisia Sustainable Tourism Charter launched in Hammamet.
          

Snjt Denounces Al-Karama Coalition MP's Incitement to Violence Against Journalists

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -The National Union of Tunisian Journalists (SNJT) has strongly denounced the incitement to violence against journalists by Al-Karama MP Yosri Deli.
          

Thursday, First Day of Rabii II of Hegira Year 1441

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Wednesday, November 27, will be the thirtieth day of the month of Rabii I of Hegira year 1441, Mufti of the Republic Othman Battikh announced on Tuesday.
          

Municipal By-Elections - Applications to Be Examined, November 26-27 (Isie)

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -The Independent Regional Authorities for the Elections (IRIE) will examine on Tuesday and Wednesday the candidacies for the by-elections in five municipalities, member of the Independent Higher Authority for the Elections (ISIE) Hasna Ben Slimen indicated.
          

Silent March in Sfax Streets to Denounce Violence Against Women

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Activists from the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women and a number of human rights and women's organisations organized a concert of pots and pans and brandished brooms during a silent march launched in front of Sfax City Hall on Monday evening to denounce violence against women and in solidarity with its victims.
          

Bizerte - Second Hearing of Physical Violations Victims Before Transitional Justice System Postponed Until January 27, 2020

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -The criminal jurisdiction of the transitional justice of Bizerte has postponed until January 27, 2020 the second hearing, opened Monday at the Court of First Instance of Bizerte, in the presence of 48 victims of physical violence perpetrated under the former regime, as well as the families of deceased persons, in order to hear the rest of the victims, official source told TAP.
          

Tunisia Participates in 10th Anniversary Meeting of the Global Forum On Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Tunisia will take part on November 26 in Paris, in the 10th Anniversary Meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, organised by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), announced Monday, the Ministry of Finance.
          

Al Joumhouri Party 'Does Not Believe in Independence and Neutrality, but in Programmes and Competences' (Issam Chebbi)

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Al Joumhouri party "does not believe in neutrality and independence to be part of the new government," Al Joumhouri Secretary General Issam Chebbi said on Sunday at the end of his meeting with Prime Minister-designate Habib Jamli at Dar Dhiafa in Carthage.
          

Moncef Marzouki Announces Resignation From Political Life

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[Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Former President Moncef Marzouki announced on Sunday night his decision to withdraw from the presidency of Al Harak party and the political life.
          

Congratulations to the Fall 2019 Alumni Impact Award Winners!

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Alicia Ng, Chit Aein Thu and Manel Bargaoui

Award Winners from Malaysia, Myanmar, and Tunisia will be recognized at this year’s Professional Fellows Congress!


          

New Issue: International Journal of Transitional Justice

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The latest issue of the International Journal of Transitional Justice (Vol. 12, no. 3, November 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Editorial Note
    • M Brinton Lykes & Hugo van der Merwe, Critical Reflexivity and Transitional Justice Praxis: Solidarity, Accompaniment and Intermediarity
  • Articles
    • Larissa van den Herik & Mirjam van Reisen, International Commissions of Inquiry in a Networked World: Unveiling the Roles of Diasporas through an Eritrean Case Study
    • Fidelma Ashe, Sexuality and Gender Identity in Transitional Societies: Peacebuilding and Counterhegemonic Politics
    • Adriana Rudling, What’s Inside the Box? Mapping Agency and Conflict within Victims’ Organizations
    • Philipp Wesche, Business Actors, Paramilitaries and Transitional Criminal Justice in Colombia
    • Andrea Purdeková, Rectified Sites of Violence from Westgate to Lampedusa: Exploring the Link between Public Amnesia and Conflict in Ongoing Confrontations
    • Cynthia E Milton & Anne-Marie Reynaud, Archives, Museums and Sacred Storage: Dealing with the Afterlife of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada
    • Elizabeth A Cole & Pamina Firchow, Reconciliation Barometers: Tools for Postconflict Policy Design
    • Dustin N Sharp, What Would Satisfy Us? Taking Stock of Critical Approaches to Transitional Justice
    • Elham Kazemi, Transitional Justice in Tunisia: When Religion Meets State
  • Review Essay
    • Kiran Grewal, The Role of Victims in Transitional Justice: Agency, Cooption and Exclusion

          

Miss International 2019 - Final Result

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Salam guys..... adlau ini pitca 12 november 2019 nag live in final sin Miss International 2019 amun piya aun ha Tokyo, Japan. Ini in result niya. Aun 83 in contestants niya kataan.





Thailand Thailand - Sireethorn Leearamwat
Winner

Mexico Mexico - Andrea Toscano
1st Runner Up

Uganda Uganda - Evelyn Namatovu Karonde
2nd Runner Up

3rd Runner Up

United Kingdom United Kingdom - Harriotte Lane
4th Runner Up








TOP 8
Vietnam Vietnam - Nguyen Tuong San

Philippines Philippines - Bea Patricia Magtanong









TOP 15
Venezuela Venezuela - Melissa Jiménez

Hong Kong Hong Kong - Kaye Cheung

Netherlands Netherlands - Elize Joanne de Hong

Finland Finland - Jutta Kyllönen

Puerto Rico Puerto Rico - Ivana Carolina Irizarry

Belarus Belarus - Maria Perviy

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka - Pawani Vithanage









Continental Queens
Liberia Liberia - Naomi Nucia Glay
Miss International Africa

 Peru Peru - Maria Jose Barbis
Miss International America 

Thailand Thailand - Sireethorn Leearamwat
Miss International Asia

Netherlands Netherlands - Elize Joanne de Hong
  Miss International Europe
Hawaii Hawaii - Eunice Raquel Basco
Miss International Oceania 
  

 




Special Awards
Uganda Uganda - Evelyn Namatovu Karonde
Best In Swimsuit


Venezuela Venezuela - Melissa Jiménez
 Bes In Evening Gown



Guadeloupe Guadeloupe - Noemie Kribo Milne
Miss Photogenic

Vietnam Vietnam - Nguyen Tuong San
Best National Costume

Miss People's Choice Award – Missosology

Indonesia Indonesia - Jolene Marie Cholock-Rotinsulu
Panasonic Beauty Ambassador
Tunisia Tunisia - Sarra Brahmi
Miss Visit Japan Tourism  

          

Jan 01, Tunisia: New Year's Day

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New Year's Day is a public holiday in all countries that observe the Gregorian calendar, with the exception of Israel. For more information on this holiday, visit the link.
          

В Тунисе автобус с туристами попал в ДТП, есть погибшие

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В Тунисе автобус с туристами попал в ДТП, есть погибшие

Вечером 1 декабря туристический автобус попал в ДТП в Тунисе. По данным МВД страны, погибли 22 человека.

 

 

Как сообщает ведомство, автобус съехал в кювет в окрестностях г. Айн-Драхам. В момент инцидента в транспорте находились 42 туриста и водитель, 22 из них погибли, остальные получили травмы различной степени.

Немногим позднее Посольство РФ в Тунисе сообщило о том, что среди пострадавших и погибших россиян нет.

«По предварительным данным, полученным от компетентных органов Тунисской Республики, в результате ДТП, произошедшего 1 декабря c.г. в окрестностях г. Айн-Драхам (провинция Джендуба), среди погибших и пострадавших российских граждан нет», — говорится в сообщении, опубликованном на официальной странице ведомства в Twitter.

Материал подготовлен редакцией www.trn-news.ru


          

Почему туристам надо предлагать Тунис?

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Почему туристам надо предлагать Тунис?

Летом 2019 года Тунис вошел в список лидеров среди пляжных направлений, популярных среди российских туристов. Более того, как сообщили порталу TRN в пресс-службе туроператора «ANEX Tour», за последние несколько лет спрос на направлении увеличился в три раза. К слову, на данный момент путешественники отправляются в республику не только в высокий сезон, но и зимой.

«Зимой в Тунис приезжают за талассотерапией и оздоровлением, и мы безмерно рады, что культура талассо-отдыха постепенно приходит к нашим туристам. Летом курорты Туниса востребованы в большей степени для семейного отдыха с детьми, поскольку инфраструктура как городская, так и гостиничная хорошо развиты, распространено питание „Все включено“, а пляжи в основном песчаные с пологим входом», — подчеркнули в компании.

В настоящее время полетная программа на зимний сезон будет выполняться на блоках тунисской авиакомпании Nouvelair Tunisie еженедельно по субботам. Летняя программа запланирована рейсами AZUR air из Москвы и семнадцати регионов: Екатеринбург, Санкт-Петербург, Архангельск, Белгород, Екатеринбург, Калининград, Казань, Краснодар, Нижний Новгород, Новосибирск, Омск, Пермь, Ростов-на-Дону, Самара, Сыктывкар, Тюмень, Уфа. Начало программы из Москвы в Энфиду с 21 апреля. Продажи на лето 2020 уже открыты.

Впрочем, помимо оздоровления зимний Тунис готов предложить своим гостям еще много интересного.

Историческое достояние планеты

История региона насчитывает более 3000 лет. Первый город на территории современного Туниса был образован в 1101 году д. н. э. выходцами из ливанского города Тир и носил название Утика, что в переводе с финикийского означает «старый». Это действительно один из старейших портовых городов Африки, который несколько раз подвергался разрушению, вандалами и арабами. Несмотря на то, что на территории Утики до сих пор ведутся многочисленные раскопки, к находкам археологов могут свободно прикоснуться и туристы. В Утике сохранились стены форта, остатки театра и площадка форума, некрополь и прямоугольный бассейн, а также мраморные полы в некоторых зданиях.

 

 

В этом же регионе находится главный исторический памятник Туниса — легендарный город Карфаген, который, согласно приданию, был основан финикийской царицей Эллисой, сбежавшей от возмездия своего брата Пигмелиона. Колонисты прибыли на 34 кораблях и в 814 году д. н. э. основали будущую столицу нового царства, которое в течение нескольких веков соперничало на равных с греками и Римом. Именно в это время финикийцами была создана первая конституция, а сам город стал местом сосредоточения множества народов и культур. Обо всём этом можно узнать из многочисленных исторических циклов, запечатленных в мозаиках археологического музея Бардо — второго по величине в Африке после Каирского.

 

 

Богата событиями и личностями не только древняя, но и современная история страны. В 1957 году была свергнута монархия правящей более 200 лет династии Хусейнидов, Тунис был признан независимым государством. Первый президент страны Хабиба Бургиба является ярчайшим лидером, который боролся за свободу своего народа более 30 лет и в конце концов достиг успеха! Безмолвным памятником тем славным временам и главной достопримечательностью города Монастир — является мавзолей Хабиба Бургибы, выполненный тунисским архитектором Оливье Климентом Кабубом в стиле магрибской мечети.

Продолжая тему искусства и архитектуры, ценителям прекрасного можно смело советовать посещение Сиди — Бу — Саида. Этот красивейший уголок Туниса по праву считается городом художников и философов, а его архитектура сохранила традиционный андалузский стиль — сочетание белого и синего тонов. В разное время в городе проживали известные творческие личности — такие как Мишель Фуко, Андре Жид, Пауль Клее, Август Макке и многие другие. Женщины, для которых Сиди — Бу — Саид стал домом в древние времена, крайне редко попадали на улицы, их основным развлечением было наблюдение за окружающим миром через плотно зарешеченные балконные окна — жалюзи. Интересно, что это французское слово переводится как «ревность» и связано именно с этим городом и подобным жестоким, по отношению к девушкам, традициям.

 

 

Одним из самых обширных и монументальных сооружений финикийской цивилизации, сохранившейся до наших дней, является город Дугга. Здесь мы можем посетить и древний амфитеатр, обладающий превосходными акустическими способностями, которые позволяют гидам и в наши дни выступать подобно Цицерону или Гай Юлию Цезарю и быть услышанным без какой-либо аппаратуры перед огромной аудиторией.

 

 

Заканчивая тему исторических достопримечательностей, невозможно обойти вниманием Колизей Эль Джем — одно из наиболее сохранившихся сооружений подобного типа в наши дни. Будучи также одним из самых поздних, он является наиболее совершенным, так как при его строительстве были учтены все конструкторские ошибки предыдущих Колизеев.

 

 

Дары моря для души и тела

После насыщенной экскурсионной программы туристу необходимо что-то для отдыха телом и душой! Возле аэропорта Монастир, прямо на берегу расположилась целая плеяда роскошных отелей, каждый из которых готов предложить широкий спектр SPA услуг и характерную для этого региона процедуры талассотерапии. Не смотря на близкое расположение к взлётно-посадочной полосе все самолеты направляются таким образом, что никакого шума и дискомфорта для гостей не возникает. Самый лучший таласса-центр во всей Африке расположен в отеле Royal Talassa Monastir 5*. На территории площадью в более чем 14 000 кв.м. расположились хамам, крытый и открытый бассейн с морской водой, процедурные и чайная комнаты. Отель также имеет свой собственный пляж и бар на берегу. Стоимость проживания в двухместном номере на завтраках в зимнее время года всего 4000 рублей в сутки.

 

 

Помимо талассотерапии Тунис также является абсолютным лидером по сбору оливок и производству масла в Африке. Тунисцы собирают 840 000 тонн оливок в год (среднестатистическая цифра). В стране получают 190 000 тонн оливкового масла в год — 19 килограммов на жителя, так же мировой рекорд. Все это открывает перед туристами не только широкие гастрономические возможности, но и широкий ассортимент для SPA процедур.

 

 

Ещё один веский повод для посещения Туниса помимо бальнеологии — медицина. Правительство страны уделяет особое внимание развитию медицинских услуг, которые здесь уже находится на очень высоком уровне! Чтобы стать дипломированным специалистом необходимо пройти жесткий отбор и длительную подготовку. При этом образование как начальное, так и среднее с высшим для граждан страны абсолютно бесплатно. Поражает доступность медицинских услуг — в среднем они в 8–10 раз дешевле, чем в Европе. Именно поэтому так много граждан Евросоюза приезжает сюда именно с целью проведения операций различного уровня.

Историко-культурный потенциал Туниса безграничен, мы обозначили лишь основные и наиболее запоминающиеся достопримечательности, в купе с широкими SPA возможностями. Теперь, когда благодаря регулярному авиасообщению, они доступны круглый год, ведущие туроператоры предлагают разнообразные, в том числе экскурсионные турпродукты, а цены на зимний сезон приятно удивляют, турист может прикоснуться к тысячелетней истории региона, а агент — разнообразить свою продуктовую линейку.

Материал подготовлен редакцией www.trn-news.ru


          

Turtles and tourists share the same beach on a Tunisian island

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Iles Kuriat, Tunisie (AFP) Nov 27, 2019
Between plastic chairs on a crowded Tunisian tourist beach, a sign indicates where another species shares the sand: a nest is buried below. On this paradisaical island off the coast of Monastir - a resort town south of the capital Tunis - tourists co-exist with loggerhead turtles thanks to a novel initiative. Since 2017, the Tunisian government and a local NGO have jointly run a turtle
          

Smoke break

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US military combat photographer Robert Capa (1913-1954) taking a smoke break while on the Tunisian Front; North Africa, 1942
In album US Army
          

The World in Brief

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24 passengers die in Tunisian bus plunge
          

Weekly IntSum 30MAR2017

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Personnel flying commercial aviation from the following countries into the United States and the United Kingdom are now required to secure all personal electronic devices larger than a smartphone in their checked baggage. Approved medical devices are not effected by this. The countries in question are:-Saudi Arabia-Qatar-Jordan-Egypt-United Arab Emirates-Kuwait-Turkey-Lebanon-Tunisia-MoroccoThis restriction is believed to be based off of intelligence gained during a raid by US Special Operations [...]
          

OMV Sustainability Newsletter Out Now

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Sustainable development in and around our operations is a key focus to OMV. In addition to our efforts in improving our sustainability performance and people’s wellbeing in our operations, we also invest in sustainable development solutions for society and neighboring communities. This newsletter summarizes our recent sustainability progress.

OMV strengthened cooperation with VERBUND for renewable energy options in Austria

OMV and VERBUND first joint project will be to build Austria's largest photovoltaic plant.

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OMV with Snam and TAG started exploring potential opportunities in the field of sustainable LNG mobility in Austria

Gas is the most immediate solution for reducing pollution from fine dust and CO2 emissions from light and heavy transportation. The MoU with with Snam and TAG lays out the intention to jointly explore potential opportunities in the field of sustainable LNG mobility in Austria.

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OMV remained the only Austrian company listed in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index

For the second year in a row, OMV has entered the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI World) and is still the sole Austrian company included.

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Did you know?
All greenhouse gas reduction projects implemented in OMV's operations since 2009 have delivered a total reduction of 1.7 mn t CO2 equivalent. This equals removing 850,000 cars from Austrian streets. 

OMV's recent achievements in social and community investments:

EUR 4 mn committed to more energy efficient public buildings in Romania

More energy efficient buildings can lower Europe’s CO2 emissions. In Romania, OMV Petrom endorsed “Romania Eficienta”, a national four year programme for raising awareness and financing deep renovation for efficiency of public buildings.

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Raised public awareness on circular waste management in Romania and Norway

In Romania, our community investments raised awareness among over 4200 people about recycling and valorization of domestic waste. In Norway, we collected ocean waste for local recycling together with the organization “Clean Shores”.

More

Funded 11 innovations for sustainable development in Romania

OMV Petrom funded 11 innovations with EUR 0.5 mn in seed funding contributing to e.g. increasing access to education in remote communities and improving the recovery and integration of children with autism through virtual reality.

More

Raised capacity of local suppliers in Yemen

In Yemen, we organized a supplier workshop to enhance our local content outreach. 27 local companies were introduced to OMV's tendering procedures, the importance of HSSE & CSR, current local contractors’ performance, and ways to improve. 

More

Launched an entrepreneurship challenge in Tunisia

As part of Nawara Project community investments we launched a Program of Entrepreneurship and Vocational Training – the “TAHADDI” Program. TAHADDI is Arabic for “challenge”. This programme aims to offer subcontractors’ demobilized workers’, as well as the unemployed community members of Tataouine, a path to alternative employment or self-employment. 100 beneficiaries will benefit from entrepreneurship training, seed money, and post-business creation coaching. Another 60 will be able to participate in certified trainings in domestic gas installation, or scaffolding (pictured).

More

Subscribe to receive this regular OMV Sustainability Newsletter here.


          

Chukwueze ranks Eagles attack best in Africa

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NIGERIA, under Coach Gernot Rohr, boast of the finest attacking options on the continent at the moment, according to Villarreal winger Samuel Chukwueze.The Super Eagles are currently ranked 31st in the world and third in Africa behind Senegal and Tunisia with Algeria, who defeated Nigeria at the semi-finals of the 2019 AFCON a further spot behind in fourth.Despite Liverpools Sadio Mane spearheading the Teranga Lions attack and Manchester Citys Riyad Mahrez being the most celebrated of the Desert
          

Death toll in Tunisia bus accident rises to 26

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WHO reports Tunisia had second-worst traffic death rate per capita in North Africa, behind only war-torn Libya.
          

Un reportage de l'UFC sur l'équipe ESIiste gagnante du HackIT Tunisia

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26 killed In Tunisia After Bus Goes Off Cliff

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A bus plummeted off a hill in Tunisia on Sunday morning, killing 26 passengers who were on an excursion in the country's north. The private bus, with 43 people on board,set off from Tunis to the picturesque mountain town of Ain Draham 115 kilometres west of the capital near the Algerian border, a popular winter []The post 26 killed In Tunisia After Bus Goes Off Cliff appeared first on Independent Newspapers Nigeria.
          

At least 24 killed in Tunisia bus crash

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TUNIS: At least 24 Tunisians were killed on Sunday (Dec 1) after a bus crashed during an excursion in the northern town of Amdoun, the health ministry said. The bus veered off a winding road when the driver failed to negotiate a sharp turn and crashed to the bottom of a ravine, the interior ...
          

Death Toll in Tunisia Bus Accident Rises to 26

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It was not immediately clear what caused the accident and forensic experts are investigating
          

The SAFRAN daily gridded precipitation product in Tunisia (1979-2015)

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Título : The SAFRAN daily gridded precipitation product in Tunisia (1979-2015) Autor : Feki, Haifa; Tramblay, Yves; Quintana Seguí, Pere; Guijarro, José Antonio; Carreau, Julie Resumen : A new high-resolution (5 km) gridded daily precipitation dataset for Tunisia between 1979 and 2015 is introduced. This product combines 960 rain gauges with the SAFRAN analysis to produce the precipitation gridded data. A validation approach on two different datasets reveals that the SAFRAN analysis outperforms other standard interpolation methods such as Inverse Distance, Nearest Neighbors, Ordinary Kriging or Residual Kriging with altitude. When compared to EOBS, a widely used gridded dataset over Europe, a strong negative bias in EOBS precipitation is found. However due to the aridity and the low density of rain gauges in south Tunisia, results in this region must be analyzed with care. The SAFRAN product could be useful for various purposes such as climate model evaluation, cli-mate studies, hydrological modelling to support the planning and management of surface water resources in Tunisia.
          

Tunisian president vows safer roads after 2 deadly crashes

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Tunisia's president is promising to improve his country's poor road safety record after 26 people were killed in a bus crash — and then a car transporting one of the bodies was reportedly hit by a train.
          

Tunisia Food and Beverages Market 2020 Industry Trends, Sales, Supply, Demand, Analysis& Forecasts to 2026

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(EMAILWIRE.COM, November 26, 2019 ) Tunisia food and beverage market size is poised to report strong growth rate over the forecast period due to increasing population, rising disposable incomes, coupled with changing trends and product innovations. On the other hand, intense government regulations,...
          

At least 24 killed in Tunisia bus crash

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after math of the accident

At least 24 Tunisians were killed on Sunday after a bus crashed during an excursion in the northern town of Amdoun, the health ministry said.

The post At least 24 killed in Tunisia bus crash appeared first on SABC News - Breaking news, special reports, world, business, sport coverage of all South African current events. Africa's news leader..


          

Pathogenic Resistance in Soil Microbes for Drug Discovery

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Antimicrobial resistance has become a prevalent phenomenon and now poses a great threat to public health. In the United States alone, more than 2 million citizens suffer from a disease related to antimicrobial resistance, of which an estimated 23,000 people will die per year.1 To combat the growing threat of such illnesses, several researchers have tested for new microbes from the soil that exhibit antimicrobial properties against these newly resistant pathogens. A study conducted by A.A. Elbendary and his research group collected soil isolates from Egypt and identified bacterial samples K. kristinae, K. rosea, S. griseus, and S. flaveolus as resistant against S. aureus, B. cereus, E. coli, and K. pneumoniae.2 In another study, Z. Nasfi tested 373 bacterial strains isolated from soil in Tunisia against E. coli and S. aureus and found 29 strains to be resistant.3 The bioactive substances in these new microbes have the potential to be used as antibiotics.

Our project expands on the work of these previous studies but targets safe surrogates of ESKAPE pathogens, specifically B. subtilis, E. raffinosus, A. baylyi, P. putida, P. fluorescens, and E. coli.4 Our goal is to identify novel microbes showing resistance to the safe strains of these pathogens and to extract their bioactive compounds for new antibiotics


          

Tunisian president vows safer roads after 2 deadly crashes

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TUNIS, Tunisia (AP) — Tunisia’s president is promising to improve his country’s poor road safety record after 26 people were killed in a bus crash — and then a car transporting one of the bodies was reportedly hit by a train. The Health Ministry on Monday raised the death toll to 26 from the accident […]
          

Bussi syöksyi rotkoon Tunisiassa – yli 20 kuollut

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Uhrit olivat iältään 20–30-vuotiaita.
          

From anti to alter-globalization

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Participants at an exhibition of antiglobalization protest artwork and films curated by Vienna-based artist Oliver Ressler called A World Where Many Worlds Fit, 2008. Photo by Petra Gerschner.

By the end of the 1980s, various cracks began to appear in the global neoliberal edifice. Partially, they were triggered by early crises that erupted in Mexico, Brazil, Thailand, and Russia, among other countries. The impact of the so-called Washington consensus was making itself felt in the form of massive cuts to public services and jobs and financial shifts that allowed big finance to profit from public and private debt, in addition to privatization and deregulation that put trade unions and other social movements on the defensive. The various fragmented revolts in the 80s were a harbinger of what was to come.

Origins

At the beginning of 1994, the little known southern province of Mexico gained international attention. In Chiapas, the peasant-indigenous population took to the streets under the banner of the Zapatista Liberation Army (EZLN). It was a big surprise, even to the Mexican state, which was taken aback by the scale of the protest and the fact that it was widely supported, even outside Chiapas. The EZLN adopted a new language that distinguished it from earlier liberation movements, emphasizing a non-statist view, local autonomy and non-hierarchical structures. This discourse gained currency worldwide through emerging social media and annual conferences held in the jungles of Chiapas. At the same time, huge protest marches were organized all over Europe and North America against the World Bank, the IMF and WTO, which encountered an exceptionally large gathering of angry protestors at its meeting in Seattle in the fall of 1998. The “Battle of Seattle” was unique in the sense that it brought together a wide variety of social movements, from teamsters (trade unions) to “turtles” (environmental campaigns). In the Americas, north and south, this inaugurated a series of struggles that led to the massive People’s Summit in Québec City in 2001.

The ascending phase

This was not yet a movement, but rather a vast tapestry of initiatives in opposition to neoliberal globalization. These struggles revitalized a number of left-wing think-tanks, publications and organizations in the North. In South America, meanwhile, mass pro-democracy movements were offering real resistance to authoritarian regimes. Coalitions in Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina and later Bolivia and Ecuador came together with a strong grass-roots push and by the beginning of the new millennium, Pink Tide governments were established in many countries. It was during this turbulent phase that movements from the Global North, inspired by developments in the Global South, conceived the idea of creating a platform to recharge policy debates and explore the contours of new visions of social transformation. This laid the groundwork for the World Social Forum. Brazilian-led, the WSF had no clear and explicit strategy, but there was a consensus around the need to build a new framework of analysis. For several years after the founding event, hundreds of thousands of movements and people met in Brazil, and later in India, Mali, Tunisia, Kenya and many other countries, with the aim of developing an alter-globalization perspective.

The WSF process was original because it was an open space where participants themselves were to define the agenda through self-organized political and cultural activities. Much of the work involved drafting an alternative economic program based on the revitalization of the public sector, the decommodification of basic goods and services, new fiscal and financial mechanisms to push back inequalities, local non-market enterprises and the like. At the same time, there was much discussion of how to “democratize democracy,” how to struggle against gender, generational and ethnic discrimination, and how to change the rules of the game to wrest space and opportunities for meaningful citizen participation within the framework of liberal democracy. These immense brainstorming sessions were carried out by many social movements that also took advantage of the WSF to create new international and action-oriented networks, such as Via Campesina and the World March of Women. The WSF methodology was also adopted by hundreds of national and municipal forums in which citizens had a chance to act, play, speak out and express their hopes. It thus helped to bring movements together, create new dynamics and give rise to new projects. One such successful forum was organized in Ottawa in 2012. The Peoples’ Social Forum brought together a critical mass of movements from Canada, Québec and Indigenous communities for the first time in Canadian history.

In its ascending phase, alterglobalization was at once a rallying point for social movements, a political program for the most advanced progressive parties, a living laboratory involving millions of professors, students, intellectuals and artists. It also benefited from concrete support by Pink Tide governments, and particularly Brazil and Venezuela.

Uncertain times

In 2008, global capitalism suffered its most severe crisis since 1929. It shook the Global North first, and within a few years mass mobilizations erupted under the banner of Occupy Wall Street (in Canada and the United States), the Indignados (in Spain and other southern European countries) before crossing the Mediterranean in a historic movement that led to the implosion of long-standing dictatorships, mainly in Egypt and Tunisia. In many ways, these diverse movements all travelled the paths opened up in South America and through the WSF. Unlike in South America, however, they did not have a political counterpart and in the absence of either a European or Maghreb-Mackrek pink tide, the revolts did not succeed in reversing the trends. The countries of the Global North were thus able to steady themselves without too much effort, and the countries of the Global South fell into the grip of resuscitated dictatorship (with the exception of Tunisia). Even where social movements grew strong (in Spain and Greece, for example), the edifice of power was able to withstand the challenge by a combination of local/national reactionary offensives, on the one hand, and international intervention by undemocratic neoliberal institutions, on the other. This counteroffensive also led to the demise of many pink-tide countries – Brazil and Venezuela in particular – which were unable to resist the reactionary assaults in addition to being weakened by their own limitations and contradictions. The World Social Forum was deeply affected by this new and debilitating correlation of forces. The traditional South American leadership of the WSF was blindsided by growing divisions between movements and between movements and pink-tide governments. The WSF in Tunis (2015), Montreal (2016) and Salvador de Bahia (2018) were interesting events, but they lacked the energy and enthusiasm of the past, falling into a bit of a rut rather than innovating and exploring new avenues.

Looking ahead

Although the historic alterglobalization moment has now passed, its ideas and achievements continue to inspire and we can detect its legacy in new forms of resistance. In many countries, admittedly, popular movements are on the defensive and social-democratic reforms are being repealed, while new forms of authoritarianism or “austeritarism” are being imposed. Yet if we look at the situation through a wide-angle lens, we can see expanding cracks in the system, with uprisings multiplying, as in China (Hong Kong), Chile, Sudan, Lebanon, Iraq, Argentina, Algeria, and Columbia. In many more countries, we are seeing ripples that portend big transformative waves. Social movements in many places have become more astute, employing new decentralized strategies. Many have taken the battle for Pachamama to the next level, announcing loudly and clearly that the problem, as Naomi Klein stresses, is not the climate but capitalism. At the same time, an international conversation continues via new forms of networking, such as the Great Transition conference (Montreal, May 2020), the World Social Forum on Transformative Economics (Barcelona, June 2020), the Global Forum on Migration and Development (Quito, January 2020), among many other events and developments. It is still too early, however, to hail the rise of an Alterglobalization 2.0.

Who is reinventing the left?

In the meantime, many left-wing political parties are evolving, scrapping the legacy of past sectarianism, as we have seen, for instance, in the United States (Democratic Socialists of America), Quebec (Québec Solidaire), Chile (Frente Amplio), and England (Momentum). The dark clouds of militarism, racism and fascism are looming everywhere, as evidenced most recently in Bolivia. But in all these places, the power struggles are complex, not predetermined, allowing creative movements to regroup, transcend their past experiences and invent new forms of political and social mobilization. Much more than in past, women, youth and marginalized communities are taking the lead. It is most probably an “interregnum,” to use Gramsci’s phrase, between the black hole of mass destruction and the hope for emancipation.

Pierre Beaudet is a founder and editor of the Nouveaux Cahiers du socialisme.


          

Over 20 People Killed, 21 Injured in Bus Crash in Tunisia - Photos

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MOSCOW (Sputnik) - According to the ministry's statement, there were 43 people in the bus, which belonged to one of the tourist operators working in the North African country.
          

Financial Inclusion and Stability in the MED Region: Evidence from Poverty and Inequality

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Publié en septembre 2019. Rédigé par Simon Neaime, Thomas Lagoarde-Segot, Isabelle Gaysset
Les effets des réfugiés syriens sur les marchés de l’emploi des pays d’accueil
Despite a significant growth in profitability and efficiency, the Middle East (MED) well developed banking system seems to be unable to reach vast segments of the population, especially the underprivileged ones. To this end, the onus of policymakers in the region is to create effective opportunities for financial inclusion, and subsequently poverty and income inequality reduction.

EXTRACT :

Whether they have succeeded in their endeavor is an empirical question we seek to address in this research project. Using Panel data, GMM and GLS econometric models, and a sample of six MED countries (Al GMM and GLS econometric models and a sample of six MED countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia) over the period 2002- 2018, this paper assesses empirically the impact of financial inclusion on income inequality, poverty, and financial stability in the MED region. While the empirical literature on the region is relatively scarce, this paper adds to that literature by bridging a significant existing gap, especially in the aftermath of the recent financial and debt crises and the recent political, social, and military turmoil that have been unfolding in several MED countries...

Pdf file to download on the Femise website



          

Twenty-Four Tunisians Die In Bus Crash

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Parts of the wreckage of a bus that crashed during an excursion lie on the ground in the northern town of Amdoun, in Tunisia, December 1, 2019. REUTERS/Stringer At least 24 Tunisians were ki...
          

More than 20 people died in a bus syöksyttyä ravine in Tunisia

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in Tunisia, at least 24 people have been killed and 18 injured in bus syöksyttyä ravine amdo seconds north of the country, the country's ministry of health tol
          

Death toll in Tunisia bus accident rises to 26

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At least 26 people were killed when their bus careened into a ravine in northwestern...
          

Death toll in Tunisia bus accident rises to 26

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At least 26 people were killed when their bus careened into a ravine in northwestern...
          

24 killed in Tunisia when bus plummets off hill

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At least 24 killed in Tunisia bus crash

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Tunisians protest in southern town after man sets himself alight

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22 killed in Tunisian bus crash, another 21 injured

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22 killed in Tunisian bus crash, another 21 injured
          

Nordafrica, due incidenti di autobus (quasi) in contemporanea. Il bilancio è tragico: 41 morti

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In Tunisia un bus turistico è precipitato in un burrone per errore dell'autista (deceduti in 24). In Marocco invece il mezzo si è scontrato, distruggendosi (17 i morti). Tra le vittime moltissimi giovani
          

* Head of PMSU

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UNDP: * Head of PMSU in Tunis, Tunisia. Closing date: 2019-11-02
          

Associé(e) aux finances Finance

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UNOPS: Associé(e) aux finances Finance in Tunis, Tunisia. Closing date: 2019-12-02
          

This Revolutionary System Can Help Stop Global Warming

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“Unsustainable land use and greenhouse gas emissions are delivering a one-two punch to natural ecosystems that are key to the fight against global climate change.

And without sweeping emissions cuts and transformations to food production and land management, the world stands no chance of staving off catastrophic planetary warming,” HuffPost reported, citing the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report.1

Agave plants (the best known of which are blue agave, used to produce tequila), along with nitrogen-fixing, companion trees such as mesquite, huizache, desert ironwood, wattle and varieties of acacia that readily grow alongside agave, are among the most common and prolific, yet routinely denigrated or ignored plants in the world. As India climate scientist Promode Kant points out:

“Agave is to the drier parts of the world what bamboo is to its wetter zones. Capturing atmospheric CO2 in vegetation is severely limited by the availability of land and water. The best choice would be species that can utilize lands unfit for food production and yet make the dynamics of carbon sequestration faster.

As much as 40% of the land on earth is arid and semi-arid, largely in the tropics but also in the cool temperate zones up north. And on almost half of these lands, with a minimum annual rainfall of about 250 mm and soils that are slightly refractory, the very valuable species of agave grows reasonably well.”2

Agave plants and nitrogen-fixing trees densely intercropped and cultivated together have the capacity to draw down massive amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere and produce more above ground and below ground biomass (and animal fodder) on a continuous year-to-year basis than any other desert and semi-desert species. 

Ideal for arid and hot climates, agaves and their companion trees, once established, require little or no irrigation to survive and thrive, and are basically impervious to rising global temperatures and drought. Agaves alone can draw down and store above ground the dry weight equivalent of 30 to 60 tons of CO2 per hectare (12 to 24 tons per acre) per year. One hectare equals 10,000 square meters or 2.47 acres.

Now, a new, agave-based agroforestry and livestock feeding model developed in Guanajuato, Mexico, promises to revitalize campesino/small farmer livestock production while storing massive amounts of atmospheric carbon above and below ground.

Scaled up on millions of currently degraded and overgrazed rangelands, these agave/agroforestry systems have the potential to not only improve soil and pasture health, but to help mitigate and potentially reverse global warming, aka climate change.

Climate Emergency

As international scientists, activists and our own everyday experience tell us, we are facing a Climate Emergency. A “profit at any cost,” fossil fuel-supercharged economy, coupled with industrial agriculture and factory farms, destructive land use and mindless consumption have pumped a dangerous load of CO2 and greenhouse gas pollution into the sky, bringing on global warming and violent climate change.

Degenerative food, farming, livestock and land use practices have decarbonized and killed off much of the biological life and natural carbon-sequestering capacity of our soils, forests and ecosystems.

This degradation and desertification of global landscapes has oxidized and released billions of tons of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and eliminated much of the above ground carbon biomass once stored in our forests and landscapes.

This global degeneration has depleted so much of the carbon and biological life in our soils, trees and plants that these natural systems can no longer draw down and sequester (through natural photosynthesis) enough of the excess CO2 and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to maintain the necessary balance between CO2 and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the carbon stored in our soils, trees and plants.

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) estimates that arid and semi-arid lands make up 41.3% of the earth's land surface, including 15% of Latin America (most of Mexico), 66% of Africa, 40% of Asia and 24% of Europe.

Farmers and herders in these areas face tremendous challenges because of increasing droughts, erratic rainfall, degraded soils, overgrazed pastures and water scarcity. Many areas are in danger of degenerating even further into desert, unable to sustain any crops or livestock whatsoever. 

Most of the world’s drylands are located in the economically underdeveloped regions of the Global South, although there are millions of acres of drylands in the U.S., Australia and Southern Europe as well. Farming, ranching and ecosystem conservation are becoming increasingly problematic in these drylands, especially given the fact that the majority of the farms and ranches in these areas do not have irrigation wells or year-round access to surface water.

Crop and livestock production levels are deteriorating, trees and perennials have typically been removed or seasonally burned, and pastures and rangelands have been overgrazed. Poverty, unemployment and malnutrition in these degraded landscapes are rampant, giving rise to violence, organized crime and forced migration

The good news, however, coming out of Mexico, applicable to many other regions, is that if farmers and ranchers can stop overgrazing pastures and rangelands and eliminate slash and burn practices, and instead reforest, revegetate, rehydrate and recarbonize depleted soils, integrating traditional and indigenous water catchment, agroforestry, livestock and land management practices with agave-based agroforestry, we may well be able to green the drylands and store and sequester massive amounts of carbon.

Via Organica, the ‘Organic Way’

After decades as a food, farm, anti-GMO and climate campaigner for the Organic Consumers Association in the U.S., I now spend a good part of my time managing an organic and regenerative farm and training center, Via Organica, in the high-desert drylands of North Central Mexico.

Our semi-arid, temporal (seasonal rainfall) ecosystem and climate in the state of Guanajuato is similar to what you find in many parts of Mexico, and in fact in 40% of the world. In our valley, we typically get 20 inches or 500 millimeters of precipitation in the “rainy season” (July to October), greening the landscape, followed by eight months with little or no rain whatsoever.

At Rancho Via Organica, we’ve been trying to regenerate our high-desert (6,300 feet elevation) environment, developing farming, livestock and landscape management practices that produce healthy organic food and seeds, sequester carbon in the soil, preserve our monte or natural densely-vegetated areas, slow down and infiltrate rainwater (including runoff coming down the mountains and hillsides) to recharge our water table, and reforest and revegetate our still somewhat degraded corn fields and pasturelands.

Looking across our mountain valley, the most prominent flora are cactus and agave plants (some of which are quite large) along with hundreds of thorny, typically undersized, mesquite, huizache and acacia shrubs/trees.

In order to grow our vegetables and cover crops, maintain our olive, mulberry, citrus and pomegranate trees, and provide water and forage for our animals, we — like most small farmers and ranchers in Mexico — irrigate with only the rainfall that we can collect and store in cisterns, ponds and soils.

Eighty-six percent of Mexican farmers and herders have no source of water other than seasonal rainfall, and therefore have to struggle to maintain their milpas (corn, beans and squash) and raise their animals under increasingly adverse climate conditions.

Greening the Drylands: A New Agroforestry Model

Recently Juan Frias, a retired college professor and scientist, came up to me after attending a workshop at our farm. As we discussed regenerative agriculture practices and climate change, Juan told me about a new system of drylands agroforestry and livestock management (sheep and goats), based upon agave plants and mesquite trees in the nearby community of San Luis de la Paz. They call their agroforestry system Modelo Zamarripa.3

By densely planting, pruning and intercropping high-biomass, high-forage producing, fast-growing species of agaves (1,600 to 2,000 per hectare) amongst preexisting deep-rooted, nitrogen-fixing tree species such as mesquite, or among planted tree seedlings, these farmers are transforming their landscape and their livelihoods.

When the agaves are 3 years old, and for the following five to seven years, farmers can begin pruning the leaves or pencas, chopping them up finely with a machine, and then fermenting the agave in closed containers for 30 days, ideally combining the agave leaves with 20% or more of mesquite pods by volume to give them a higher protein level. In our region mesquite trees start to produce pods that can be harvested in five years.

By Year Seven the mesquite and agaves have grown into a fairly dense forest. In years eight to 10, the root stem or pina (weighing 100 to 200 pounds) of the agave is ready for harvesting to produce a distilled liquor called mescal. Meanwhile the hijuelos or pups put out by the mother agave plants are being continuously transplanted back into the agroforestry system, guaranteeing continuous biomass growth (and carbon storage).

In their agroforestry system, the Zamarripa farmers integrate rotational grazing of sheep and goats across their ranch, supplementing the pasture forage their animals consume with the fermented agave silage. Modelo Zamarippa has proven in practice to be ideal for sheep and goats, and we are now experimenting at Via Organica with feeding agave silage to our pastured pigs and poultry.

The revolutionary innovation of these Guanajuato farmers has been to turn a heretofore indigestible, but massive and accessible source of biomass — the agave leaves — into a valuable animal feed, using the natural process of fermentation to transform the plants’ indigestible saponin and lectin compounds into digestible carbohydrates and fiber.

To do this they have developed a relatively simple machine, hooked up to a tractor, that can finely chop up the tough leaves of the agave. After chopping the agave, the next step is to anaerobically ferment the biomass in a closed container (we use 5-gallon buckets with lids).

The fermented end-product, after 30 days, provides a nutritious but very inexpensive silage or animal fodder (in comparison to alfalfa, hay or cornstalks) that costs less than 1 Mexican peso (or approximately 5 cents USD) per kilo (2.2 pounds) to produce.

According to Frias, lambs readily convert 10 kilos of this silage into 1 kilo of body weight. At less than 5 cents per kilo (2 cents per pound) agave silage could potentially make the difference between survival and bankruptcy for millions of the world’s small farmers and herders.

Agaves and Carbon Storage and Sequestration

The Zamarripa system of drylands afforestation and silvopasture draws down and stores in the plants large quantities of CO2 from the atmosphere. Agronomists have observed that certain varieties of agave can produce up to 43 tons per hectare of dry weight biomass per year, on a continuous basis.4

These high biomass varieties of agave will likely thrive in many of the world’s arid ecosystems, wherever any type of agave and nitrogen-fixing trees are already growing.

Nitrogen-fixing trees such as mesquite can be found in most arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Mesquite grows readily not only in Texas and the Southwestern U.S., Mexico, Central America, Argentina, Chile and other Latin American nations, but also “thrives in arid and semi-arid regions of North America, Africa, the Middle East, Tunisia, Algeria, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Myanmar (Burma), Russia, Hawaii, West Indies, Puerto Rico and Australia.”5

At Via Organica, outside San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato,6 we are utilizing moveable, solar-fenced paddocks for our grazing sheep and goats in order to protect our mesquite tree seedlings, to prevent overgrazing or undergrazing, to eliminate dead grasses and invasive species, and to concentrate animal feces and urine across the landscape in a controlled manner.

At the same time that we are rotating and moving our livestock on a daily basis, we are transplanting, pruning, finely chopping and fermenting the heavy biomass leaves or pencas of agave salmiana plants. Some individual agave pencas or leaves can weigh (wet) as much as 20 kilos or 44 pounds.

The bountiful harvest of this regenerative, high-biomass, high carbon-sequestering system will eventually include not only extremely low-cost, nutritious animal silage, but also high-quality organic lamb, mutton, cheese, milk, aquamiel (agave sap), pulque (a mildly alcoholic beverage) and distilled agave liquor (mescal), all produced organically and biodynamically with no synthetic chemicals or pesticides whatsoever, at affordable prices, with excess agave biomass and fiber available for textiles, compost, biochar and construction materials.

Massive Potential Carbon Drawdown

From a climate crisis perspective, the Modelo Zamarripa is a potential game-changer. Forty-three tons of above-ground dry weight biomass production on a continuing basis per hectare per year ranks among the highest rates of drawing down and storing atmospheric carbon in plants in the world, apart from healthy forests.

Imagine the carbon sequestration potential if rural farmers and pastoralists can establish agave-based agroforestry systems over the next decade on just 10% of the worlds 5 billion degraded acres (500 million acres), areas unsuited for crop production, but areas where agave plants and suitable native nitrogen-fixing companion tress (such as acacia varieties in Africa) are already growing.

Conservatively estimating an above-ground biomass carbon storage rate of 10 tons of carbon per acre per year on these 500 million acres, (counting both agave and companion trees, aboveground and below ground biomass) we would then be able to cumulatively sequester 5 billion tons of carbon (18 billion gigatons of CO2e) from the atmosphere every year.

Five billion tons of additional carbon sequestered in the Earth’s soils and biota equals nearly 50% of all human greenhouse gas emissions in 2018.

More Background on Agaves

To better understand the potential of this agroforestry/holistic grazing system, a little more background information on agave plants, and nitrogen-fixing or trees such as mesquite, huizache or other fodder and food producing trees such as inga or moringa may be useful.

Various varieties of agave plants (along with their cactus relatives and companion nitrogen-fixing trees) are found growing on approximately 20% of the earth’s lands, essentially on the half of the world’s drylands where there is a minimum annual rainfall of approximately 10 inches or 250 mm, where the temperature never drops below 14 degrees Fahrenheit.

Kant has described the tremendous biomass production and carbon-storage potential of agaves in dry areas:

“Agave can … be used for carbon sequestration projects under CDM [the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Climate Protocol] even though by itself it does not constitute a tree crop and cannot provide the minimum required tree crown cover to create a forest as required under CDM rules.

But if the minimum required crown cover is created by planting an adequate number of suitable tree species in agave plantations then the carbon sequestered in the agave plants will also be eligible for measurement as above ground dry biomass and provide handsome carbon credits …

It causes no threat to food security and places no demand for the scarce water and since it can be harvested annually after a short initial gestation period of establishment, and yields many products that have existing markets, it is also well suited for eradication of poverty …”7

Agaves, of which there are 200 or more varieties growing across the world, can thrive even in dry, degraded lands unsuitable for crop production because of their Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) photosynthetic pathway (cacti and other related desert plants also have a CAM pathway) that essentially enables these plants to draw down moisture from the air and store it in their thick tough leaves during the nighttime, while the opening in their leaves (the stomata) close up during daylight hours, drastically reducing evaporation.

Meanwhile, its relatively shallow mycorrhizal fungi-powered roots below the soil surface spread out horizontally, taking in available moisture and nutrients from the topsoil, especially during the rainy season.

In addition, its propagation of baby plants or pups, (up to 50 among some varieties) that grow out of its horizontal roots makes the plant a self-reproducing perennial, able to sustain high biomass growth, and carbon-storage and sequestration on a long-term basis.

Even as a maturing agave plant is pruned beginning in Year Three (to produce fermented silage) and the entire mature agave plant (the pina) is harvested at the end of its life span, in order to make mescal, in our case after eight to 10 years, it leaves behind a family of pups that are carrying out photosynthesis and producing biomass (leaves and stem) at an equal or greater rate than the parent plant.

In other words, a very high level of above-ground carbon storage and below-ground sequestration can be maintained year after year — all with no irrigation and no synthetic fertilizers or chemicals required, if intercropped in conjunction with nitrogen-fixing tree such as mesquite, huizache, inga, moringa or other dryland species such as the acacias that grow in arid or semi-arid areas.

Agaves and a number of their tree companions have been used as sources of food, beverage and fiber by indigenous societies for hundreds, in fact thousands of years. However, until recently farmers had not been able to figure out how to utilize the massive biomass of the agave plant leaves which, unless they are fermented, are basically indigestible and even harmful to livestock.

In fact, this is why, besides the thorns and thick skins of the leaves, animals typically will not, unless starving, eat them. But once their massive leaves (which contain significant amounts of sugar) are chopped up and fermented in closed containers, livestock, after a short period of adjustment, will gobble up this sweet, nutritious forage like candy.

Developing a native species/agroforestry/livestock system on 5 million to 10 million acres of land unsuitable for food crops in a large country like Mexico (which has 357 million acres of cropland and pastureland, much of which is degraded) could literally sequester 37% to 74% of the country’s net current fossil fuel emissions (current net emissions are 492m tons of CO2e).

And, of course, wherever these agave/agroforestry/holistic grazing systems are deployed, farmers and ranchers will also be restoring the fertility and moisture holding capacity of millions of acres of pasturelands and rangelands, thereby promoting rural food self-sufficiency and prosperity.

Scaling up best regenerative practices on the world’s billions of acres of croplands, pasturelands and forest lands — especially those degraded lands no longer suitable for crops or grazing — can play a major role, along with moving away from fossil fuels to renewable energy, in stopping and reversing climate change.

For more information on the global Regeneration Movement go to Regeneration International. Please sign up for our free newsletter and, if you can afford it, make a tax-deductible donation to help us spread the message of Regenerative Agriculture and Agave Power across the world. “Our house is on fire,” as teenage Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg reminds us, but there is still time to turn things around.


          

How To Travel Tunisia (COMPREHENSIVE TRAVEL GUIDE)

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Haley Dasovich How to Travel Tunisia – this is a (long) and comprehensive travel guide for your first time traveling to Tunisia! This is not tourist destination, it is a traveler’s paradise. In this...
          

2019 DSN Summit: Terragon Sends Young Nigerians To Tunisia

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The Co-founder and Chief Operations Officer, Terragon Group, Ayodeji Balogun, has urged government to partner with the private sector in order to develop out 21st century curriculum that would prepare Nigerian students to fit into the emerging fourth industrial revolution (4IR) technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Data Science, among others. He stated this at […] More
          

Tunisian 2019/20 citrus production down 17%

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Minister of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries Samir Taieb Thursday told reporters that a the national citrus production for 2019-2020 stood at around 366,000 tons against 440,000 tons during the 2018-2019 season. This is a drop of about 17%. The rise in temperatures during the growing period, is…
          

Arab World Heritage Young Professionals Forum begins

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The Arab World Heritage Young Professionals Forum "empowering youth to build peace through the protection and preservation of heritage” starts today! Thirty-two participants from the Arab States region gathered in Tunis from 2 to 6 December 2019 in Tunis, Tunisia, to be engaged in their critical roles as global citizens towards peacebuilding, through the protection, preservation and promotion of World Heritage. The meeting was opened by the Minister of Culture of Tunisia, the Director ...


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