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Sri Lanka Maldive.

Sri Lanka Maldive


Sri Lanka Tour Yala.

Sri Lanka Tour Yala


Sri Lanka Maldive Gennaio Marzo 2020.

Sri Lanka Maldive Gennaio Marzo 2020


Sri Lanka Capodanno partenza 28 Dicembre.

Sri Lanka Capodanno partenza 28 Dicembre


Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka


Circuiti Dubai Sri Lanka Maldive.

Circuiti Dubai Sri Lanka Maldive


India To Provide Massive Aid Worth $400 Million To Sri Lanka


India and Sri Lanka have had a long history of pleasant ties. These have been a constant feature on the front of the geopolitical affairs of the country in Asia. And recently, the Indo-Sri Lankan ties attained a new emblem of closeness concerning the announcement of massive Indian aid to Sri Lanka. Apart from close

The post India To Provide Massive Aid Worth $400 Million To Sri Lanka appeared first on RapidLeaksIndia.


Why Both India And China Are Happy With Newly Elected Sri-Lankan President Gotabhaya Rajapaksa?


Gotabhaya Rajapaksa arrived in Delhi 29 November on a three-day visit after taking over the reins of Sri Lanka. Rajapaksa’s first overseas tour is a reflection of the importance he attaches to ties with India.  China Likely To Upset India For Influence In Sri Lanka; Rajapaksa Predicted To Be Next Lankan President Rajapaksa reached Delhi on […]

The post Why Both India And China Are Happy With Newly Elected Sri-Lankan President Gotabhaya Rajapaksa? appeared first on EurAsian Times: Latest Asian, Middle-East, EurAsian, Indian News.


ohsoofi - male - colombo, Sri Lanka

i am a doctor working in Oman , i am fun and intellectual , love travelling gardening and pets . looking for an Ideal Partner here

公園でオカスバカレー Taking a Okasba curry lunch at a park


English follows





My friends wanted to eat Okasba curry, so we met at Ohanajaya station and went to Okasba curry shop.

Okasba curry is a Sri Lankan curry lunch take out shop.

I choose 5 kinds of curry lunch, my friends choose a banana leaf curry lunch.

It was a very nice day and we had a nice time!







Assessment of exposure of gas station attendants in Sri Lanka to benzene, toluene and xylenes.

Assessment of exposure of gas station attendants in Sri Lanka to benzene, toluene and xylenes. Scheepers, P.T.J.; de Werdt, L.; van Dael, M.; Anzion, R.; Vanoirbeek, J.; Duca, R.C.; Creta, M.; Godderis, L.; Warnakulasuriya, D.T.D.; Devanarayana, N.M. ABSTRACT:Exposure to benzene, toluene and p-, m-, o-xylene (BTX) was studied in 29 gas station attendants and 16 office workers in Sri Lanka. The aim of this study was to assess the exposure level and identify potential exposure mitigating measures. Pre- and post-shift samples of end-exhaled air were collected and analysed for BTX on a thermal desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry system (TD-GC-MS). Urine was collected at the same timepoints and analysed for a metabolite of benzene, S-phenyl mercapturic acid (SPMA), using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Environmental exposure was measured by personal air sampling and analysed by gas chromatography flame ionization detection (GC-FID). Median (range) breathing zone air concentrations were 609 (65.1-1960) μg/m3 for benzene and 746 (<5.0-2770) μg/m3 for toluene. Taking into account long working hours, 28% of the measured exposures exceeded the ACGIH threshold limit value (TLV) for an 8-h time-weighted average of 1.6 mg/m3 for benzene. Xylene isomers were not detected. End-exhaled air concentrations were significantly increased for gas station attendants compared to office workers (p < 0.005). The difference was 1-3-fold in pre-shift and 2-5-fold in post-shift samples. The increase from pre-to post-shift amounted to 5-15-fold (p < 0.005). Pre-shift BTX concentrations in end-exhaled air were higher in smokers compared to non-smokers (p < 0.01). Exposure due to self-reported fuel spills was related to enhanced exhaled BTX (p < 0.05). The same was found for sleeping at the location of the gas station between two work-shifts. Benzene in end-exhaled air was moderately associated with benzene in the breathing zone (r = 0.422; p < 0.001). Median creatinine-corrected S-phenyl mercapturic acid (SPMA) was similar in pre- and post-shift (2.40 and 3.02 μg/g) in gas station attendants but increased in office workers (from 0.55 to 1.07 μg/g). In conclusion, working as a gas station attendant leads to inhalation exposure and occasional skin exposure to BTX. Smoking was identified as the most important co-exposure. Besides taking preventive measure to reduce exposure, the reduction of working hours to 40 h per week is expected to decrease benzene levels below the current TLV. Indexed in MEDLINE.

Effect of household air pollution due to solid fuel combustion on childhood respiratory diseases in a semi urban population in Sri Lanka.

Effect of household air pollution due to solid fuel combustion on childhood respiratory diseases in a semi urban population in Sri Lanka. Ranathunga, N.; Perera, P.; Nandasena, S.; Sathiakumar, N.; Kasturiratne, A.; Wickremasinghe, R. BACKGROUND:Household air pollution from combustion of solid fuels for cooking and space heating is one of the most important risk factors of the global burden of disease. This study was aimed to determine the association between household air pollution due to combustion of biomass fuel in Sri Lankan households and self-reported respiratory symptoms in children under 5 years. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Ragama Medical Officer of Health area in Sri Lanka. Children under 5 years were followed up for 12 months. Data on respiratory symptoms were extracted from a symptom diary. Socioeconomic data and the main fuel type used for cooking were recorded. Air quality measurements were taken during the preparation of the lunch meal over a 2-h period in a subsample of households. RESULTS: Two hundred and sixty two children were followed up. The incidence of infection induced asthma (RR = 1.77, 95%CI;1.098-2.949) was significantly higher among children resident in households using biomass fuel and kerosene (considered as the high exposure group) as compared to children resident in households using Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) or electricity for cooking (considered as the low exposure group), after adjusting for confounders. Maternal education was significantly associated with the incidence of infection induced asthma after controlling for other factors including exposure status. The incidence of asthma among male children was significantly higher than in female children (RR = 1.17; 95% CI 1.01-1.37). Having an industry causing air pollution near the home and cooking inside the living area were significant risk factors of rhinitis (RR = 1.39 and 2.67, respectively) while spending less time on cooking was a protective factor (RR = 0.81). Houses which used biomass fuel had significantly higher concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) (mean 2.77 ppm vs 1.44 ppm) and particulate matter2.5 (PM2.5) (mean 1.09 mg/m3 vs 0.30 mg/m3) as compared to houses using LPG or electricity for cooking. CONCLUSION: The CO and PM2.5 concentrations were significantly higher in households using biomass fuel for cooking. There was a 1.6 times higher risk of infection induced asthma (IIA) among children of the high exposure group as compared to children of the low exposure group, after controlling for other factors. Maternal education was significantly associated with the incidence of IIA after controlling for exposure status and other variables. Indexed in MEDLINE.

Familial glucocorticoid deficiency presenting with hyperpigmentation, gigantism, and motor development delay: a case report.

Familial glucocorticoid deficiency presenting with hyperpigmentation, gigantism, and motor development delay: a case report. Uyangoda, K.; Kamalanathan, P.; Mettananda, S. BACKGROUND: Familial glucocorticoid deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by isolated glucocorticoid deficiency. Most patients are diagnosed following episodes of hypoglycemia or convulsion. We report the case of an infant with familial glucocorticoid deficiency who presented with hyperpigmentation, gigantism, and motor developmental delay without documented hypoglycemia, convulsion, or circulatory collapse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 10-month-old Sri Lankan Sinhalese baby boy born to consanguineous parents presented with generalized hyperpigmentation and overgrowth since birth. He had marginal gross motor developmental delay. His weight, length, and head circumference were above normal range for his age. Investigations revealed low serum cortisol and high adrenocorticotrophic hormone levels with no cortisol response following adrenocorticotropin stimulation. Serum electrolytes and aldosterone levels were normal. A diagnosis of familial glucocorticoid deficiency was made based on isolated glucocorticoid deficiency, hyperpigmentation, and tall stature. CONCLUSIONS: This case report highlights that glucocorticoid deficiency can present without documented hypoglycemia and circulatory collapse and a high degree of suspicion is needed in diagnosis. Indexed in MEDLINE.

Prevalence and correlates of cardiometabolic multimorbidity among hypertensive individuals: a cross-sectional study in rural South Asia-Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Prevalence and correlates of cardiometabolic multimorbidity among hypertensive individuals: a cross-sectional study in rural South Asia-Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Feng, L.; Jehan, I.; De Silva, H.A.; Naheed, A.; Farazdaq, H.; Hirani, S.; Kasturiratne, A.; Ranasinha, C.D.; Islam, M.T.; Siddiquee, A.T.; Jafar, T.H. OBJECTIVE: To determinate the prevalence and correlates of cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM), and their cross-country variation among individuals with hypertension residing in rural communities in South Asia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Rural communities in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2288 individuals with hypertension aged ≥40 years from the ongoing Control of Blood Pressure and Risk Attenuation- Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka clinical trial. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: CMM was defined as the presence of ≥2 of the conditions: diabetes, chronic kidney disease, heart disease and stroke. Logistic regression was done to evaluate the correlates of CMM. RESULTS: About 25.4% (95% CI 23.6% to 27.2%) of the hypertensive individuals had CMM. Factors positively associated with CMM included residing in Bangladesh (OR 3.42, 95% CI 2.52 to 4.65) or Sri Lankan (3.73, 95% CI 2.48 to 5.61) versus in Pakistan, advancing age (2.33, 95% CI 1.59 to 3.40 for 70 years and over vs 40-49 years), higher waist circumference (2.15, 95% CI 1.42 to 3.25) for Q2-Q3 and 2.14, 95% CI 1.50 to 3.06 for Q3 and above), statin use (2.43, 95% CI 1.84 to 3.22), and higher levels of triglyceride (1.01, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.02 per 5 mg/dL increase). A lower odds of CMM was associated with being physically active (0.75, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.97). A weak inverted J-shaped association between International Wealth Index and CMM was found (p for non-linear=0.058), suggesting higher risk in the middle than higher or lower socioeconomic strata. CONCLUSIONS: CMM is highly prevalent in rural South Asians affecting one in four individuals with hypertension. There is an urgent need for strategies to concomitantly manage hypertension, cardiometabolic comorbid conditions and associated determinants in South Asia. Indexed in MEDLINE.

Beijing and Sri Lanka Buddha Tooth Relic Shadow Bones Consecrate WAKI Relic Musuem

The replica of Buddha Tooth from Beijing, China and Kandy, Sri Lanka Enshrined in the relic section of the WAKI Relic Musuem,Malaysia. On 17 November 2019 the Venerable Sayadaw U

Sri Lanka Test squad for Pakistan tour analysis - Akila's ban, Dhananjaya's nonchalance and more

After sending a second-string squad for the limited-overs series, the SLC could not afford to repeat it with 120 World Test Championship points at stake, and hence, the Pakistani crowd will get to see some hard-fought cricket this time.

Hasan Ali Ruled Out of Sri Lanka Tests

Fast bowler Hasan Ali has been ruled out of home Tests against Sri Lanka after fresh CT scans revealed cortical rib fractures, involving ninth rib on the right side and eighth and ninth ribs on the left side.

Sri Lanka Tells Richer Nations to Step Up to Counter China FDI


Sri Lanka Tells Richer Nations to Step Up to Counter China FDI(Bloomberg) -- Terms of Trade is a daily newsletter that untangles a world embroiled in trade wars. Sign up here. Bigger and richer economies should invest in smaller Asian ones if they want to counter China’s expanding Belt and Road Initiative, Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa said.“I want to tell India, Japan, Singapore and Australia and other countries to also come and invest in us,” Rajapaksa said in an interview with the Hindu newspaper. “They should tell their companies to invest in Sri Lanka and help us grow, because if they do not, then not only Sri Lanka, but countries all over Asia will have the same (problem).”China’s Belt and Road Initiative has resulted in an estimated $575 billion worth of energy plants, railways, roads, ports and other projects. But President Xi Jinping’s signature effort has also come in for criticism, including accusations that China is luring poor countries into debt traps for its own political and strategic gain.Sri Lanka’s new government led by Rajapaksa is trying to undo the previous regime’s move to lease the southern port of Hambantota to a Chinese venture, citing national interest. There were concerns in India about its geopolitical rival using a port close to its southern coastline for future military uses.The local government must have control of all strategically important projects like Hambantota, Rajapaksa told the Hindu paper. While Sri Lanka has come under scrutiny for its ties with China, its agreements were “purely commercial,” he said.A port deal similar to Hambantota under the Belt and Road program in Myanmar was drastically scaled back to $1.3 billion from $7.5 billion, while in Malaysia the government canceled $3 billion worth of pipelines and renegotiated a rail project in 2019, cutting that one’s cost by a third to $11 billion.“The main issues India could have with us would be on (our relations) with China or Pakistan, but if we don’t do anything that creates suspicions amongst Indian authorities, there will not be any problem,” Rajapaksa said. “The Chinese will take the Belt and Road Initiative all over unless other countries provide an alternative.”To contact the reporter on this story: Anurag Kotoky in New Delhi at akotoky@bloomberg.netTo contact the editors responsible for this story: Shamim Adam at, Sara MarleyFor more articles like this, please visit us at©2019 Bloomberg L.P.


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Violence against women, awareness project – Rotaract Club of University of Sri Jayewardenepura


November 29 ( – Violence against women and girls is a grave violation of human rights. Its impact ranges from immediate to long-term multiple physical, sexual and mental consequences for women and girls, including death. One in three female homicides in Sri Lanka are related to intimate partner violence and 69 percent of such incidences […]

The post Violence against women, awareness project – Rotaract Club of University of Sri Jayewardenepura appeared first on NewsIn.Asia.


Foreign Exchange Rates in Sri Lanka


Colombo, Nov.28 ( – The following are the foreign exchange rates against the Sri Lankan rupee released by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka on Thursday. Buying       Selling Australian Dollar 119.84   124.87 Canadian Dollar 133.72    138.52 Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) 25.15     26.32 Euro 195.63     202.34 Japanese Yen 1.6240    1.6824 Singapore Dollar 130.33  […]

The post Foreign Exchange Rates in Sri Lanka appeared first on NewsIn.Asia.


Indian envoy cautions against being prisoners of the past


“India and Sri Lanka have a lot to offer each other, and to the world,” said High Commissioner Taranjit Singh Sandhu.

The post Indian envoy cautions against being prisoners of the past appeared first on NewsIn.Asia.


Foreign Exchange Rates in Sri Lanka


Colombo, Nov.27 ( – The following are the foreign exchange rates against the Sri Lankan rupee released by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka on Wednesday. Buying       Selling Australian Dollar 120.67   125.72 Canadian Dollar 134.33    139.14 Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) 25.25     26.42 Euro 196.55     203.27 Japanese Yen 1.6352    1.6938 Singapore Dollar 130.72  […]

The post Foreign Exchange Rates in Sri Lanka appeared first on NewsIn.Asia.


Sri Lankan President appoints new state, deputy ministers


Colombo, Nov.27 ( – Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, on Wednesday appointed 35 new state ministers and three new deputy ministers in the new interim government which will function till the next parliamentary election is announced. The new state and deputy ministers took oaths in front of the President at the Presidential Secretariat in capital […]

The post Sri Lankan President appoints new state, deputy ministers appeared first on NewsIn.Asia.


Journalist Thulasi Muttulingam on social issues facing Tamil women in North Sri Lanka


A nuanced account of the challenges facing Tamil women in North Lanka given to a Canadian Tamil TV channel.

The post Journalist Thulasi Muttulingam on social issues facing Tamil women in North Sri Lanka appeared first on NewsIn.Asia.


Swiss embassy’s version of “abduction” of female staffer doesn’t match facts, says Lankan govt.

Swiss embassy caught on the wrong foot? Colombo, December 1 ( The Sri Lankan Foreign Ministry said in a press release on Sunday that there is clear evidence” that the sequence of events and the timeline of the alleged abduction” of a Swiss embassy staffer, as formally presented by the Swiss Mission on behalf of […]

Sri Lanka briefs Swiss Ambassador on progress of investigation

Courtesy Adaderana The Ministry of Foreign Relations stated that the timeline of the alleged criminal incident against a local staff member of the Swiss Embassy, as presented by the Embassy, does not correspond with the actual movements of the alleged victim on the relevant date. The Ministry, issuing a statement, states that the Criminal Investigation […]

Can the Swiss Embassy Colombo keep a local recruit inside the embassy compound by force?

We sure hope the Swiss will not be caught doing a Rajitha on Sri Lanka’s new Govt? Doing a Rajitha is what we now call the fake white van story using a dressed up driver. Humour aside, the Swiss claims an injustice has happened to its local staffer, who is a Sri Lankan citizen so […]

International Reaction to election of Sri Lanka’s President show crass hypocrisy of West

In 2015 regime change took place and common candidate Maithripala Sirisena was elected as President. Democracy and elections were ‘virtues’ handed to former colonies by former colonial invaders. Diplomacy is part and parcel of international relations and enshrined in code of conduct via Vienna Convention/Protocols. When a candidate is voted victor in an election it […]

What has happened to Paskaralingam?

C. Wijeyawickrema When R Premadasa was killed Paskaralingam, his master, servant and agent and the Balasingham spy, left Sri Lanka the next day to join his tiger crowd in Australia. While everybody is talking about the CB robber Mahendran, Ranil got down Paskaralingam in 2015 and kept him as his advisor unknown to the country. […]

Sri Lanka: Employée suisse enlevée: des doutes émis

Dimanche, les autorités sri-lankaises ont remis en cause les dires de l'employée de l'ambassade suisse.

Office boy

required to join immediately for our company Selected candidates responsibility to maintain cleanliness Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine. Salary 1,500 to 1,800 plus accommodation and transportation 050 1578277 050 7849104...

hotel staff urgent for a 5 star hotel in dubai

Bell boy Room Boy Room Attendant Housekeeping Attendant Housekeeping Staff Asian nationality male and female, from indian Pakistan Nepal sri lanka and Philippine .applicant who is trust worthy and presentable are highly recommended. 1500 to 2000 plus ac......

General Helper

We need (5nos) of general helper for a supermarket located in Dubai UAE. Male Indian Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Must be hardworking. Salary starts from 1000 to 1200 plus the overtime. Accommodation and transportation will be given by the compa......

Light Driver

We need driver from Asian nationality (Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lankan and Philippine ) Pakistan that came from Pathan please don’t apply For a company in Dubai UAE Salary starts from 1800 to 2500 plus accommodation & transportation & medical & vis......

Walk in interview for construction staff

 Mason, Helper, Electrician, Carpenter, painter, Plumber, Ac technician, driver, Fabricator, Welder, Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine.  For a Contraction company in Al Qouz 4 Dubai Salarystarts from 1500 to 2000 depends on the posit......


We need (5nos) of helper loading / unloading of materials to work in a warehouse located in Dubai UAE. Male Indian Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Must be hardworking. Salary starts from 1000 to 1200 plus the overtime. Accommodation and transportat......

Truck Driver

Light Driver Light bus driver Heavy Bus driver Truck Driver Job Type: Full-time Salary: AED2,200.00 to 3,500 /month Accommodation and transportation Required experience: • Driving : 0 to 1 year Nationality : • Indian, Philippine, Sri lanka, Nepal a......

Packing helper

Must ne Energetic and hard working candidate we From Asian nationality Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine Visit visa, Employment visa, Cancelled visa and any kind of visa can apply Must be inside UAE Salary Negotiable depends on position A......

Customer Services Receptionist and Sales

We're looking for a Customer Services Executive receptionist for a dynamic company in Dubai. Asian nationality Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine call 055 9708281 058 9736973 customer service executive to come on board who is very pr......

General Helper

Male from Asian nationality INDIAN PAKISTAN NEPAL SRI LANKA PHILIPPINE Activeand energetic, salary 1000 to 1500 plus accommodation and transportation. Please come for the walk in interview bring CV and visa. Starting 09:00am to 07:00pm For location pleas......


We need Asian male of female secretary Preferably from India Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Ability to work independently & as a part of a cross functional team Strong attention to detail & commitment to producing accurate & high quality work E......

Restaurant Staff Required

Waiter (3) Waitress (3) Kitchen Helper (5) Cook / Chef (2) Cleaner (2) Cashier (1) Preferably from Asian nationality male and female From India Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Salary will be discussed during the interview plus accommodation and tr......

Front Desk Receptionist

Asian nationality male and female who is highly motivated, From India Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Active and easy to learn and able to work independently As well as within a team, With exceptional customer service skills. Can understand, ana......

Office boy

Organizing & coordinating skills Ability to take initiative & make decisions Making tea and coffee. Open to Asian nationality from Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lankan and Philippine Send CV or call for face to face interview 050 3432855 055 9435162...

Sales and marketing Executive

Dear Job Seekers We have walk in interview start from 9:00am to 07:00pm for the post of Sales and Marketing Executive. We need from Asian nationality Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine lady and Gents with A highly motivated and energetic p......

Packing helper

Asian nationality, active and energetic, salary 1500 to 2000 plus accommodation an transportation, Please come for the walk in interview bring cv and visa. Asian nationality, Indian, Nepal, Sri lanka, Pakistan and Philipine 055 9435162 050 1815984...

Sri Lanka Prez Rajapaksa says both India and his country need to work together on issues related to security & overall welfare of the people of the two countries.


Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa said on Friday he will strive to take his country’s relationship with India to a

The post Sri Lanka Prez Rajapaksa says both India and his country need to work together on issues related to security & overall welfare of the people of the two countries. appeared first on eBangla.


Elephant seal native to Antarctica spotted for first time in tropical Sri Lanka

COLOMBO — Uthpala Adaranga, a ranger with Sri Lanka’s Department of Wildlife Conservation  (DWC), was initially doubtful about the call he received of a seal spotted near Unawatuna, off the country’s southern coast on Nov. 20. He assumed, as had happened in the past, that it was another case of misidentification, given that the tropical […]

Suspension on primary dealer NatWealth Securities lifted


The Monetary Board of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka has decided to revoke the suspension of licensed primary dealer NatWealth Securities Limited. The Central Bank in a statement said the Monetary ...

Schweiz - Sri Lanka: Verschleppte Botschaftsmitarbeiterin: Sri Lanka äussert Zweifel

Sri Lanka hat Vorwürfe einer Mitarbeiterin der Schweizer Botschaft in Colombo über deren mutmassliche Entführung zurückgewiesen. Eine offizielle Untersuchung der Regierung des südasiatischen Landes zielt Aussagen der Frau in Zweifel.

Sri Lanka President warns West investment needed to keep China at bay

Sri Lanka’s new president Gotabaya Rajapaksa has warned India and Western nations that his country will be forced to seek finance from China again if they do not invest in the island. Rajapaksa

Agricultural cropland extent and areas of South Asia derived using Landsat satellite 30-m time-series big-data using random forest machine learning algorithms on the Google Earth Engine cloud

The South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan) has a staggering 900 million people (~43% of the population) who face food insecurity or severe food insecurity as per United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). The existing coarse-resolution (>250-m) cropland maps lack precision in geo-location of individual farms and have low map accuracies. This also results in uncertainties in cropland areas calculated from such products. Thereby, the overarching goal of this study was to develop high spatial resolution (30-m or better) baseline cropland extent product of South Asia for the year 2015 using Landsat satellite time-series big-data and machine learning algorithms (MLAs) on the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud computing platform. To eliminate the impact of clouds, ten time-composited Landsat bands (blue, green, red, NIR, SWIR1, SWIR2, Thermal, EVI, NDVI, NDWI) were derived for each of the 3 time-periods over 12 months (monsoon: Julian days 151-300; winter: Julian days 301-365 plus 1-60; and summer: Julian days 61-150), taking the every 8-day data from Landsat-8 and 7 for the years 2013-2015, for a total of 30-bands plus global digital elevation model (GDEM) derived slope band. This 31-band mega-file big data-cube was composed for each of the 5 agro-ecological zones (AEZ’s) of South Asia and formed a baseline data for image classification and analysis. Knowledge-base for the Random Forest (RF) MLAs were developed using spatially well spread-out reference training data (N=2179) in 5 AEZs. Classification was performed on GEE for each of the 5 AEZs using well-established knowledge-based and RF MLAs on the cloud. Map accuracies were measured using independent validation data (N=1185). The survey showed that the South Asia cropland product had a producer’s accuracy of 89.9% (errors of omissions of 10.1%), user’s accuracy of 95.3% (errors of commission of 4.7%) and an overall accuracy of 88.7%. The National and sub-national (districts) areas computed from this cropland extent product explained 80-96% variability when compared with the National statistics of the South Asian Countries. The full resolution imagery can be viewed at full-resolution, by zooming-in to any location in South Asia or the world, at and the cropland products of South Asia downloaded from The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS):

Deutscher Nachhaltigkeitspreis für Unternehmens - Partnerschaften

Foto: Dariusz Misztal Bochum, 23.11.2019. Die Partnerschaft zwischen der GLS Bank und Bio Foods (PVT) in Sri Lanka...

Beijing and Sri Lanka Buddha Tooth Relic Shadow Bones Consecrate WAKI Relic Musuem

The replica of Buddha Tooth from Beijing, China and Kandy, Sri Lanka Enshrined in the relic section of the WAKI Relic Musuem,Malaysia. On 17 November 2019 the Venerable Sayadaw U

Coaches protest football fixture


Maldives and Sri Lanka today expressed their dissatisfaction over the rescheduling of football tournament under the 13th South Asian Games here today.

The post Coaches protest football fixture appeared first on The Himalayan Times.


Elephant seal native to Antarctica spotted for first time in tropical Sri Lanka

COLOMBO — Uthpala Adaranga, a ranger with Sri Lanka’s Department of Wildlife Conservation  (DWC), was initially doubtful about the call he received of a seal spotted near Unawatuna, off the country’s southern coast on Nov. 20. He assumed, as had happened in the past, that it was another case of misidentification, given that the tropical […]

#141 Sri Lanka (solo)


Folge 141: Sri Lanka (Solo)

Endlich wieder eine Solo Folge… 90 Minuten, bis der Hals kratzt. Was mache ich hier in Sri Lanka? Was hat der Terroranschlag an Ostern mit dem Land gemacht? Welche Konflikte herrschen hier allgemein? Was beobachtet man wenn man durchs Land fährt? Welche Hotels sind richtig krass?

Außerdem: Wie sieht es bei den Podcast Hörern mit Höhenangst aus? Wie ich zum Münzsammler wurde, warum Frauen schneller schwitzen als Männer und wie man mit Brexit Gegnern im Kolonialhaus trotz aller Differenzen einen netten Abend haben kann.



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PM offers $450 mn development, anti-terror aid to SL

On the lingering Tamil issue, Modi said he was confident that the Sri Lankan government will carry forward the reconciliation process and fulfil the aspirations of the Tamil community.

India turns on the charm, will Rajapaksas reciprocate?

In the endlessly entertaining and absorbing soap opera that is India-Sri Lanka relations, wait for the next episode, Aditi Phadnis reports.

New Issue: International Review of the Red Cross

The latest issue of the International Review of the Red Cross (Vol. 101, no. 910, April 2019) is out. The theme is: "Memory and War." Contents include:
  • Vincent Bernard, Memory: a new humanitarian frontier
  • Interview with Boris Cyrulnik: Director of studies at the Université du Sud, Toulon-Var
  • Hélène Dumas, When children remember: A history of the Tutsi genocide through the eyes of children (1994–2006)
  • David Rieff, …And if there was also a duty to forget, how would we think about history then?
  • Marijn C. W. Kroes & Rain Liivoja, Eradicating war memories: Neuroscientific reality and ethical concerns
  • Jill Stockwell, Does individual and collective remembrance of past violence impede or foster reconciliation? From Argentina to Sri Lanka
  • Phuong N. Pham, Mychelle Balthazard, Niamh Gibbons, & Patrick Vinck, Perspectives on memory, forgiveness and reconciliation in Cambodia's post-Khmer Rouge society
  • Aaron Weah, Declining ethnic relations in post-war Liberia: The transmission of violent memories
  • Germán Parra Gallego, The role of freedom of expression in the construction of historical memory
  • Cédric Cotter, The role of experience and the place of history in the writings of ICRC presidents
  • Pierre Ryter, A personal experience in Turkey, Iran and China: The need for the ICRC to adapt in a multipolar world
  • Gilbert Holleufer, Heroic memory and contemporary war
  • Danielle Drozdzewski, Emma Waterton, & Shanti Sumartojo, Cultural memory and identity in the context of war: Experiential, place-based and political concerns
  • Helen Walasek, Cultural heritage and memory after ethnic cleansing in post-conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Annaïg Lefeuvre, The Shoah Memorial: A history retraced from the Drancy site
  • Annette Becker, Dark tourism: The “heritagization” of sites of suffering, with an emphasis on memorials of the genocide perpetrated against the Tutsi of Rwanda
  • Michael N. Schmitt, Wired warfare 3.0: Protecting the civilian population during cyber operations


Sports Ministry orders AASL to hold inquiry into athlete’s motor accident


Director General of Sports Dammika Muthugala stated that Sri Lanka has paid 73 million Sri Lankan rupees to the South Asian Olympic committee for make preparations and arrangements for the Sri Lanka contingents a few months ago but disorganization by the host country has caused a few issues when the teams arrived in Kathmandu.

Speaking at a special media conference organized for the Sri Lankan Journalists at Everest Hotel in Kathmandu, Muthugala said, “There are some disputes but Nepal as a neighbor and friendly nation we should co-operate with the organizing committees for the successes of the 13th South Asian Games”.

“As a Ministry we have done our maximum and we disappointed and regret the issues faced by the athletes. The government has spent nearly Rs. 100,000 each in preparing the athletes after finalizing the pool and a further Rs. 123 million for air tickets,” he said.

Muthugala stated that only 24 officials and not 100 (as stated in some sections of the media) from the Ministry of Sports are part of the contingent and said that apart from them there were four officials who were included from the Examination department because six athletes were sitting the G.C.E. ordinary level examination. They will do their examination at the Sri Lanka embassy in Kathmandu.

Muthugala further stated the Ministry of Sports has requested the Athletic Association of Sri Lanka to hold an inquiry into the accident suffered by elite athlete Nimali Liyanarachchi which deprived her from participating at the ongoing SAG.

“We want to know why pooled athletes venture out of the hotel without any reason. We have given them all the facilities at the Sugathadasa Stadium but why do athletes travel out of the hotel using motor bikes which has led to the accident,” Muthugala said.

General Secretary of the National Olympic Committee of Sri Lanka Maxwell de Silva also present at the press conference said that Sri Lanka cannot blame the host country for the poor facilities.

“Only the athletic team has issues as they are looking for more privileges than other sports. We regret the incident but as a Sri Lanka we should also think about the Games rather than blaming Nepal who has done their maximum.”

He further stated that NOCSL has issued 771 accreditations for Sri Lankans to participate at the SAG.

Monday, December 2, 2019 - 01:00


SA Games open – Lankan men and women fight for VB bronze

The Sri Lanka contingent take part at the opening ceremony of the 13th South Asia Games at Kathmandu, Nepal yesterday.
The Sri Lanka contingent take part at the opening ceremony of the 13th South Asia Games at Kathmandu, Nepal yesterday.

The 13th edition of South Asian Games was officially opened yesterday with participation of more than 5,000 delegates, including 2,715 athletes at the Dasharath Stadium.

Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari declared open the Games at the three-hour programme, which showcased the rich culture and diversity of Nepal at the newly reconstructed stadium.

Javelin thrower Nadeeka Lakmali carried the national flag of Sri Lanka at the opening ceremony.

Today Sri Lanka will be participating in the Women’s Cricket, Wushu, Triathlon, Taekwondo, Table Tennis, Tennis and Volleyball (third place). The Women’s cricket will be held in Pokhara.

Nepal is hosting the regional sporting extravaganza for the third time after 19 years from December 1 to 10 in Kathmandu, Pokhara and Janakpur. Nepal is the birthplace of the regional meet. It started under the banner of South Asian Federation Games in 1984 and returned for the second time in 1999.

The regional meet features 26 sports disciplines. Nepal is fielding the highest number of athletes 596 in all 26 sports disciplines. According to the Technical Committee, the SA Games powerhouse, India, has sent 487 athletes in 22 disciplines, while Sri Lanka has entered 568 athletes in 26 disciplines.

Bangladesh has sent 470 athletes in 25 disciplines, while Pakistan has registered 263 athletes in 18 sports. Bhutan (116) and Maldives (216) are taking part in 18 and 12 disciplines respectively.

Sri Lanka men’s Volleyball were in hunt for a bronze after being beaten by favorite India in the semi-final clash 3-1(25-27, 19-25, 25-21 & 21-25) at the Main Games Centre at Dasharath Rangashala.

Sri Lanka will play Bangladesh for the bronze medal on December 3. The women’s volleyball team also face the same fate and are fighting for a bronze medal against Maldives today. Last year Sri Lanka ended up with silver.

Monday, December 2, 2019 - 01:00


Ranindi an athletic star in the making

Ranidi Pehansa Gamage
Ranidi Pehansa Gamage

Ranindi Pehansa Gamage of Kottawa Dharmapala Vidyalaya is an outstanding athlete who has won several events in athletic meets held recently She has won the girls under 16 high jump event in Sir John Tarbat meet, 2019 Sri Lanka athletic meet, 2019 Sri Jayawardanapura Zonal schools athletic meet, 2019 Colombo District athletic meet, 2019 Colombo District Yovun Kreeda Festival, 2019.

She has also won the girls under 20 high jump event in the western province meet, 2019 and under girls 200 metres event at the Maharagama zone youth athletic meet, 2019.

Monday, December 2, 2019 - 01:00


Wijewardena MV, Kiriwathtuduwa enter second round

Wijewardene Maha Vidyalaya Kiriwaththuduwa Under 13 Division Three cricket pool – 2019 (Seated from L/R Ruchika, Pulmitha, Nishalitha (Captain), Rohitha Kumara (Prinicpal), Gaushitha/ Vice captain, Sathsara, Denuka, Sanjaya. Back row standing L/R Lasantha Hemal (coach), Dushan, Malisha, Niluk, Nuwan, Ishara, Miyuru, Ravindu, Mahith, Chenul, Vihanga, Pramodhara, Thushan, Tharusha, Marlon Weerasinghe (master in Charge of Cricket). Picture by Dilwin Mendis Moratuwa Sports Special Correspondent

Wijewardene Maha Vidyalaya Kiriwaththuduwa Under 13 Division Three cricket pool – 2019 (Seated from L/R Ruchika, Pulmitha, Nishalitha (Captain), Rohitha Kumara (Prinicpal), Gaushitha/ Vice captain, Sathsara, Denuka, Sanjaya. Back row standing L/R Lasantha Hemal (coach), Dushan, Malisha, Niluk, Nuwan, Ishara, Miyuru, Ravindu, Mahith, Chenul, Vihanga, Pramodhara, Thushan, Tharusha, Marlon Weerasinghe (master in Charge of Cricket). Picture by Dilwin Mendis Moratuwa Sports Special Correspondent   

Wijewardena Maha Vidyalaya Kiriwathuduwa booked a berth in the second round of the all island Under 13 Division three cricket tournament conducted by Sri Lanka Schools Cricket Association for the singer trophy.

They participated in four matches and won three and one was drawn. Last year too they qualified for the second round. They do not have a proper ground and other necessary facilities. They are coached by Lasantha Hemal and the team is captained by Nishalitha Sandiew and his deputy is the gloveman of the side and highest run getter Gaushitha Maligaspe. Their principal Rohitha Kumara is a tower of strength for them with the assistance of the Master in Charge Marlon Weerasinghe. The parents and the old boys have been very supportive throughout the tournament. 

Monday, December 2, 2019 - 01:00


Miss International 2019 - Final Result

Salam guys..... adlau ini pitca 12 november 2019 nag live in final sin Miss International 2019 amun piya aun ha Tokyo, Japan. Ini in result niya. Aun 83 in contestants niya kataan.

Thailand Thailand - Sireethorn Leearamwat

Mexico Mexico - Andrea Toscano
1st Runner Up

Uganda Uganda - Evelyn Namatovu Karonde
2nd Runner Up

3rd Runner Up

United Kingdom United Kingdom - Harriotte Lane
4th Runner Up

Vietnam Vietnam - Nguyen Tuong San

Philippines Philippines - Bea Patricia Magtanong

TOP 15
Venezuela Venezuela - Melissa Jiménez

Hong Kong Hong Kong - Kaye Cheung

Netherlands Netherlands - Elize Joanne de Hong

Finland Finland - Jutta Kyllönen

Puerto Rico Puerto Rico - Ivana Carolina Irizarry

Belarus Belarus - Maria Perviy

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka - Pawani Vithanage

Continental Queens
Liberia Liberia - Naomi Nucia Glay
Miss International Africa

 Peru Peru - Maria Jose Barbis
Miss International America 

Thailand Thailand - Sireethorn Leearamwat
Miss International Asia

Netherlands Netherlands - Elize Joanne de Hong
  Miss International Europe
Hawaii Hawaii - Eunice Raquel Basco
Miss International Oceania 


Special Awards
Uganda Uganda - Evelyn Namatovu Karonde
Best In Swimsuit

Venezuela Venezuela - Melissa Jiménez
 Bes In Evening Gown

Guadeloupe Guadeloupe - Noemie Kribo Milne
Miss Photogenic

Vietnam Vietnam - Nguyen Tuong San
Best National Costume

Miss People's Choice Award – Missosology

Indonesia Indonesia - Jolene Marie Cholock-Rotinsulu
Panasonic Beauty Ambassador
Tunisia Tunisia - Sarra Brahmi
Miss Visit Japan Tourism  


Exploring the delights of India and Sri Lanka - by boat

AT school in a history lesson, I learned of the exploits of Vasco da Gama, the first European to discover India; at the time, I dreamed of visiting this fascinating country.

University of Strathclyde Commonwealth Shared Scholarships 2020 for Students from African/Developing Countries – UK


Now open: University of Strathclyde Commonwealth Shared Scholarships 2020 for Students from African/Developing Countries. Apply now. Application Deadline: 18th December 2019 Eligible Countries: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Gambia, The, Ghana, India, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Eswatini, Tanzania, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia To be […]

After School Africa


Sri Lanka: SPC to strip civic rights of the officers who investigated Rajapaksa era crimes

The Government is to strip the civic rights of those responsible for falsely implicating or involving others in murders or related investigations. Their conduct will be probed by a Special Presidential Commission to be appointed by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa. Its tasks will cover those serving state investigative agencies such as the Criminal Investigation Department (CID), [...]

Abduction of a Swiss Embassy employee: HRCSL calls for a impartial investigation

Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka has called for a thorough and impartial investigation in to the reported abduction of a Swiss embassy employee to find out information on Sri Lankans who have sought protection through the embassy. The letter sent to acting IGP follows:

Sri Lanka: Statement by Swiss embassy, re I.P. Nishantha & “abduction” of an employee

Image: The employee had been abducted on Monday and allegedly questioned about a police officer who reportedly sought Swiss asylum [File: Lakruwan Wanniarachchi/AFP] On 25 November 2019, a serious security incident involving a local employee of the Embassy of Switzerland in Colombo occurred. The employee was detained against their will in the street, forced to [...]

Sri Lanka will carry forward the process of reconciliation, including implementation of 13 A – Marendra Modi

Speaking at the press conference today held in New Delhi on the visit of Sri Lanka President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, Prime minster of India has said that ” I am confident that the Government of Sri Lanka will carry forward the process of reconciliation, to fulfill the aspirations of the Tamils for equality, justice, peace and [...]

Sri Lanka: FMM expresses its concerns over journalists being questioned

Image: Thushara Vitharana, a journalist of Voice Tube were summoned by police for interrogation . 2019-11-29/ Media Release/FMM. Sri Lanka Police and Security Forces Must Maintain Openness on Public Peace. Free Media Movement of Sri Lanka expresses its concerns on calling two journalists to the Criminal Investigation Department, for questioning the information regarding the investigations [...]

In Gotabaya’s Lanka: Many fear the rise of majoritarian sentiment in Sri Lanka – Ahilan Kadirgamar

Image: Sri Lanka President Gotabaya Rajapaksa. (AP/ File) In Sri Lanka, with the longest history of universal suffrage in Asia, every election excites the nation, and that will be the case with the upcoming parliamentary polls. Less than a fortnight after Sri Lanka’s November 16 presidential elections, the country is faced with two realities. One, a [...]

Swiss embassy worker kidnapped and threatened in Colombo

Image: The Swiss embassy in Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka. (Keystone / Anthony Anex) A local employee of the Swiss embassy in Sri Lanka has been temporarily kidnapped and threatened by unknown assailants in what the foreign ministry has called a “serious and unacceptable attack”. According to the Sri Lanka news website lankanewsweb.netexternal link, the woman [...]

Sri Lankan Critics Fear a Crackdown is Underway, and Some Flee

Image: Gotabaya Rajapaksa, Sri Lanka’s newly elected president, center, greeting supporters after his swearing-in ceremony in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, this month.Credit…Eranga Jayawardena/Associated Press. A Swiss Embassy employee is abducted and asked about asylum applications an.d investigators are banned from leaving just days after Gotabaya Rajapaksa is elected. By Maria Abi-Habib and Sameer Yasir. Fears of a potential crackdown on [...]

Sri Lanka to make new presentation to UNHRC explaining atrocities committed by rebels

COLOMBO, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Sri Lanka’s new government will make a fresh presentation to the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), explaining all the atrocities and war crimes committed by the Tamil Tiger rebels who were militarily defeated by government forces after a 30-year war in 2009, local media reports said Tuesday. President’s Spokesperson, [...]

India offers funds to Sri Lanka in bid to outdo China

New Delhi (AFP) Nov 29, 2019
India, anxious to counter China's influence in the region, on Friday offered hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to Sri Lanka as the island's new president made his maiden overseas trip in New Delhi. Gotabaya Rajapaksa's visit to India just 12 days after he became president is being intensely watched as New Delhi and Beijing compete to control the Indian Ocean and its strategic sea routes

Sri Lanka a place with true tabler and 41 spirit! [Tom Albrigtsen]


I had the pleasure of meeting up with a crowd of more than 40 people in Colombo for a social get to gether. And hospitality [...]

The post Sri Lanka a place with true tabler and 41 spirit! [Tom Albrigtsen] appeared first on * 41 INTERNATIONAL * The Association of Ex-Round Tablers‘ Clubs *.



Aujourd’hui, plus des ¾ des approvisionnements pétroliers chinois depuis le Moyen-Orient et l’Afrique transitent par le détroit de Malacca. Considéré comme la « lifeline » maritime de la Chine, ce dernier fournit à Pékin son accès le plus court à l’Europe, au Moyen-Orient et à l’Afrique.

La plus grande crainte des dirigeants chinois est que le détroit soit bloqué par des pays hostiles, en cas de crise ou de conflit. Cauchemar de Pékin, le risque d’un blocage du commerce maritime chinois représente une épée de Damoclès pour l’économie du pays. L’ex-Président chinois, Hu Jintao, avait décrit cette vulnérabilité comme le « dilemme de Malacca ».

Il existe deux manières de résoudre ce problème pour l’Empire du Milieu. La première est d’augmenter la puissance de sa marine militaire pour qu’elle puisse protéger ses routes maritimes. La deuxième est de sécuriser une route vers l’océan Indien qui diminuerait sa dépendance envers le goulet d’étranglement qu’est le détroit de Malacca.

C’est dans cette optique que le gouvernement chinois a proposé - de manière officieuse - à Bangkok de fournir financement et main d’œuvre à la construction du canal.Ce projet donnerait la possibilité au trafic maritime de contourner le détroit de Malacca, l'une des zones de piraterie les plus actives dans le monde.Mais outre les conséquences stratégiques du projet pour Pékin et Washington, celui-ci promet d’avoir d’importantes répercussions économiques pour les États de la région, en premier lieu Singapour.La cité-État sera sans doute la grande perdante en cas de construction du canal. Ce dernier fera en effet concurrence au détroit de Malacca dont la position géostratégique entre l’océan Indien et la Mer de Chine méridionale a permis à Singapour de devenir un centre logistique et financier de renommée mondiale.

Bâtie à proximité du point le plus étroit du détroit de Malacca et commandant les approches maritimes de ce dernier, Singapour voit passer par son port une part conséquente du commerce mondial (environ 25%) ainsi que respectivement 90% et 80% des importations en pétrole et en gaz du Japon et de la Chine. Principal port d’escale de la région, la ville bénéficie directement de l’augmentation progressive du trafic maritime par le détroit, 84 000 navires l’ayant emprunté en 2017 (la barre des 100 000 navires devrait être franchie d’ici 2020). Une aubaine pour le Sri Lanka

« Le malheur des uns faisant le bonheur des autres ! » Si Singapour a tout à perdre à la construction d’un canal en Thaïlande, le Sri Lanka, lui, a tout à y gagner.

A proximité des routes maritimes entre Europe et Asie, l’île pourrait faire valoir sa position géographique privilégiée (à la même latitude que le futur canal) pour se positionner comme un « deuxième Singapour », créant un nouvel « hub » maritime dans l’océan Indien.

Difficilement perçu comme une plateforme maritime importante et intégrée au commerce international, le pays a pourtant réalisé un saut capacitaire important en ce qui concerne ses infrastructures maritimes. En effet, depuis une décennie, la Chine a réalisé d’importants investissements visant à donner à l’ex-Ceylan des infrastructures portuaires capables d’accueillir des navires de gros tonnage. Intégré au projet de « Route de la Soie maritime », le nouveau port d’Hambanthota, au sud de l’île, a été financé par Pékin. Celui-ci est d’ailleurs géré par une entreprise publique chinoise. Pékin finance également la construction d’un nouveau port à Colombo, capitale de l’île, ainsi que de son nouveau quartier des affaires.

Sri Lanka- ASP B.S. Tissera transferred out of the CID

(MENAFN - Colombo Gazette) A senior police officer attached to the Criminal Investigation Department (CID), who led investigations into high profile cases, has been transferred to ...

Indian National XC/DH team selections for 13th South Asian Games 2019

The 13th South Asian Games 2019 is scheduled to take place from December 1st to 10th in Kathmandu and Pokhara, Nepal. Seven nations will be participating in the 13th SAG. Nepal, Pakistan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh and India will fight it out for the top spots. For 2019, Indian Cross Country and Downhill MTB team will be entering the competition. This would be a first for the DH contingent from India. Selections for the same were conducted in Gahunje, Maharashtra. Near Pune, the XC and DH courses for this…

Tích Lan muốn lấy lại cảng chiến lược đã cho Trung Cộng thuê

Chính quyền mới ở Tích Lan (Sri Lanka) do Tổng Thống Gotabaya Rajapaska đứng đầu đang muốn hủy hợp đồng để lấy lại hải cảng Hambantota

Gulf News Jobs In Dubai


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Sri Lanka wants to query Swiss Embassy worker over threat


Sri Lanka wants to query Swiss Embassy worker over threatSri Lankan authorities have told the Swiss Embassy in Colombo that they want to question an embassy worker who was allegedly forced into a car and threatened to establish the veracity of her claims. The embassy has said the employee, who allegedly was ordered by her abductors to produce embassy information, is unable to speak with police due to a deteriorating health condition. The Swiss foreign ministry called the Nov. 25 incident a “very serious and unacceptable attack” and summoned Sri Lanka’s ambassador to demand an investigation.


Gun Violence, Sri Lanka PEPs, Detecting Twitter Bots, More: Friday ResearchBuzz, November 29, 2019

NEW RESOURCES The Guardian: A gun is fired on US school grounds twice a week, database reveals. “A gun is fired on a school campus in America nearly twice a week. Suicide, […]

Sachin, Sehwag for world’s greatest team

THE GREATEST ODI SQUADClick here to EnlargeIn-form batting grandmasters Sachin Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag on Wednesday found pride of place among the shortlisted players from which an all-time greatest One-Day International XI will be picked. Sourav Ganguly, who has retired, is the third Indian in the pruned openers’ club.”The online poll, being conducted by the International Cricket Council (ICC) on its website www. icc- cricket. com , will pick the team to coincide with 40th anniversary celebrations of ODI cricket,” the ICC said in a statement. The event is part of the build up to the World Cup, which will begin in less than two months in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.Besides selecting the ODI XI from a shortlist of 48 players, the ICC is also asking fans to pick the greatest ODI from a choice of 10 memorable matches, including the historic 1983 World Cup final that India won by upsetting the West Indies at Lord’s, London.The ICC has divided the XI into six departments – openers, middle order batsmen, all-rounders, wicket-keepers, fast bowlers, and spinners – and shortlisted eight players in each. Out of these, fans worldwide will pick two openers, three middle order batsmen, one all- rounder, one wicket-keeper, three fast bowlers, and one spinner.Interestingly, there is no Indian middle-order batsman in the list.But Kapil Dev is in the allrounders’ department. Current captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni is the lone Indian among the wicket- keepers.There is no Indian among the fast bowlers while leading offspinner Harbhajan Singh and retired leg-

Trevor Penney could be India’s fielding coach

Sri Lanka’s former assistant coach Trevor Penney could be the Indian cricket team’s next fielding coach with Duncan Fletcher planning to bring him on board as part of his support staff.Fletcher, who took over as India’s national coach from Gary Kirsten after the team’s World Cup triumph last month, is keen on bringing the 42-year-old Penny.Penney has worked with Fletcher earlier also as the part-time fielding coach of England in 2005 before becoming Tom Moody’s assistant with the Sri Lankan team. He was a deputy to Moody even in the IPL with the Kings XI Punjab franchise.India have not had a fielding coach for two years now with Robin Singh being the last to be appointed to the post.Mike Young, who was Australia’s fielding coach, worked as a consultant in late 2009.Penney is likely to join the squad from the West Indies tour which begins on June 4, BCCI sources said.Penney played for 17 years with English county Warwickshire, and was among England’s substitute fielders for the 2005 Ashes.When Moody decided to move to Western Australia after his Sri Lanka stint, Penney joined him there and later worked as Moody’s deputy at IPL franchise Kings XI Punjab.With PTI inputs

IT / Software / Systems: Software Engineer - C# - Portland, Oregon

About InEight Portland:InEight Portland is an engineering focused outpost of InEight with a distinctly start-up culture. Our office is on the 13th floor in downtown Portland, with tons of nearby shops, food carts, and restaurants within a quick walk. Benefits include medical, dental, vision, generous PTO, secure bike parking, easy public transit, gym, showers, free coffee, and more. We value an ego-less engineering culture for building the best solutions. We believe that a talented and cohesive team is the most critical element to developing good software. We want the 'right' amount of process, because if we are in meetings all day then no-one is building software. We provide crucial tools and a common data environment for some of the largest and most complex construction projects on the planet. Our customers are using our software to build international airports, silicon chip factories, refineries, and more. Customers use our products to accomplish tasks like clash detection, QA/QC, completions, commissioning, and document management. Position Summary:The C# Software Engineer works as part of the C# sprint team to estimate stories, implement new features and bug fixes, and participate in the ongoing design of the application. This position will interact daily with other C# developers, QA, and product owners. *Position located in Portland, OR Role & Responsibilities:--- Analyze system requirements and prioritize tasks--- Design, build, and maintain efficient, reusable and readable C# code--- Adhere to coding standards and practices--- Participate in daily stand-ups, sprint planning, retrospectives, and bug-scrubs Requirements & Qualifications:--- Bachelor's degree in Computer Science, Information Technology or equivalent experience--- Minimum of 3 years' experience with C#--- Prior experience working in Visual Studio--- Highly motivated and self-directed--- Strong interpersonal skills to resolve problems in a professional manner--- Conceptual understanding of software development process--- Strong analytical and problem-solving skills--- Strong verbal and written communication skills--- Understands testing best practices--- Ability to work collaboratively in a team--- Prior experience working in a commercial software product is preferred--- Prior experience working in Agile process preferred InEight Inc. is an Equal Opportunity Employer, (EOE) and will consider all applications without regard to race, marital status, sex, age, color, religion, national origin, veteran status, disability or any other characteristic protected by law. Company Description:InEight is a leading developer of construction project management software that enables contractors, engineers and owners to overcome their greatest project pain points. InEight's solutions span every stage of the project life cycle from design to estimate and from field execution to turnover. The solutions give project stakeholders the real-time information and insights needed to minimize risks, improve operational efficiency, control project costs, and make educated decisions easily. Based in Scottsdale, Arizona, InEight has offices in Omaha, Nebraska; Houston, Texas; Portland, OR; Melbourne, Australia; Sydney, Australia and Colombo, Sri Lanka. InEight, an ISO 9001:2015-registered company, is a subsidiary of Kiewit Corporation (Kiewit). Kiewit, through its subsidiaries, is one of North America's largest and most respected construction and engineering organizations. InEight is a fast-paced, innovative company comprised of high energy teams of self-starters playing integral roles in shaping the future of capital projects around the world. Our industry-leading solutions, dedicated employees, and proven leadership team provide a solid foundation to support our continued growth and success. ()

Sri Lanka shares steady at 17-month high on tax-cut optimism; rupee slips

Sri Lankan shares closed nearly unchanged on Monday, steadying at a 17-month high hit in the previous session, as positive sentiment surrounding tax cuts by the country's new government continued to cheer investors, while the rupee ended weaker.


700kg of ganja meant to be smuggled to Sri Lanka seized

India s Q Branch police seized around 700kg of ganja, worth millions of rupees, from three men near Mannargudi in Tiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu in the early hours of Sunday. The cannabis was to be smuggled to Sri Lanka through the sea route. MORE..

DMK leader shocked by Sri Lankan President s views

DMK leader M K Stalin expressed shock at Sri Lankan President s response to demands for devolution of political powers to the island nation s Tamil minority in his recent media interviews and promise to instead focus on the development of areas inhabited by them. MORE..

India-Sri Lanka joint military exercise Mitra Shakti 2019 begins

The 7th edition of joint military Army Exercise Mitra Shakti 2019 aimed at enhancing interoperability and operational efficiency between the armies of Sri Lanka and India when deployed as part of the United Nations peacekeeping forces commenced today at Aundh Military Station, Pune, India. MORE..

Pakistani Foreign Minister in Sri Lanka

Pakistan s Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi arrived on a two-day official visit to Sri Lanka. MORE..

Gotabaya’s Rise Is Part Of A Greater Global Phenomenon

The new President elect of Sri Lanka, Gotabaya Rajapaksa, is only a week into his administration, but he has already hit the turbo gear and is on full throttle. The president expects everyone in his governance mechanism, including his two elder siblings – irrespective of the fact that one was a two-term president and the other the eldest brother in the family – to deliver results at the same pace with which he is cruising.

England set to recall Keaton Jennings in Sri Lanka to help counter spin


• Opener last played in win over West India in February
• Jennings averages 44 from Test matches on the subcontinent

Keaton Jennings is being considered for a surprise England recall in Sri Lanka in March in a move designed to counter the spinning conditions expected in the two-Test series.

The 27-year-old has not played for England since a consolation victory over West Indies at St Lucia in February, when his struggle against the new ball on seaming pitches left him with an average of 25 from 17 Tests.

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Sri Lanka Rajapaksas: Return to power for wartime leader brothers


  Sri Lanka’s new president has sworn in his brother as interim prime minister, a remarkable return to power for the siblings who oversaw the brutal end to the island’s civil war 10 years ago. Mahinda Rajapaksa took the oath as PM at a brief ceremony in Colombo. His younger brother Gotabaya was voted in […]

The post Sri Lanka Rajapaksas: Return to power for wartime leader brothers appeared first on Deutsches Asienforschungszentrum.


After seven weeks of rehab, Hasan Ali is injured again

Fast bowler fractures ribs upon return after long layoff; ruled out of next month's home Tests against Sri Lanka

Mathews, Chandimal to tour Pakistan as Sri Lanka name full-strength Test squad

The team leaves for Pakistan on December 8, where they will play two Test matches that will count towards the ICC World Test Championship

Sri Lanka doubts Version of the Embassy employee

The Sri Lankan authorities informed on Sunday, according to the Swiss Ambassador Hanspeter Mock on the status of the investigation. The Sri Lankan foreign Minis

Cinnamon Lodge Habarana – Gold Winner in Sri Lanka

Green Globe recently awarded Gold status to Cinnamon Lodge Habarana marking five years of certification. The resort has continued to gain recognition for its outstanding sustainability performance. Last year in October, Cinnamon Lodge Habarana won the Presidential Silver Award at the 2018 Presidential Environment Awards held at the Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall in Sri Lanka. The Central Environment Authority […]

Pakistan Pacer Hasan Ali Ruled Out of Sri Lanka Test Series Due to Rib Fracture

Pakistan fast bowler Hasan Ali has been ruled out of the Test series against Sri Lanka next month because of broken ribs.

Central Stags Release Mickey Arthur With South African Set for Sri Lanka Top Job

With Mickey Arthur’s appointment as head coach of the Sri Lankan national team all but confirmed, New Zealand domestic team Central Stags has released Arthur from his position as head coach of the team.

Karunaratne to Lead Full Strength Sri Lankan Squad for Test Series in Pakistan

Sri Lanka on Friday announced a full-strength 16-member squad for the upcoming two-Test series in Pakistan.

Sri Lankan Spin King Muralitharan to be Appointed as Governor of Northern Province

Yahampath is the chairperson of the Nationalist Entrepreneurs Association and a Director of a reputed garment export company.

Follow-up Meeting of the WIPO-PRV Advanced Training Program on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources in Support of Innovation

Dec 1, 2019 to Dec 6, 2019 (Colombo, Sri Lanka)

Security ecosystems drive the demand for identity and access management solutions

The explosive expansion of IT infrastructure has led to the identity and access management market gaining substantial momentum. As the onslaught of information technology continues, organisations are able to offer users quick and easy access to systems and information from any place, at any time. However the ease of access is inherently associated with the risk of security breach. Organisations must find a balance between fulfilling user demands and doing so in a manner that is safe enough so that cybercriminals cannot take advantage of the system, thus strengthening identity and access management market trends. The prominence of IAM solutions in the BFSI sector In 2016, the world was shocked by the news of the Bangladesh bank heist in which cybercriminals were successful in conducting unauthorised money transfer from Bangladesh Central Bank to banks in Philippines, Sri Lanka and other parts of Asia. In the heist, criminals used Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunic...

Pakistan FM Qureshi meets Sri Lanka's new leadership to boost bilateral ties

Earlier, Qureshi held a separate meeting with his Sri Lankan counterpart Dinesh Gunawardena and apprised him about the quot;dire situation quot; in Kashmir.

Pakistan President Arif Alvi invites Sri Lankan counterpart Gotayaba Rajapaksa to visit Islamabad

Qureshi, who is on a two-day visit to the island nation, handed over a letter of Pakistan President Arif Alvi to Rajapaksa inviting him to pay a visit to Pakistan.

Sri Lanka-India bilateral ties revitalised, will maintain warm relations with New Delhi: Gotabaya Rajapaska

India offered a USD 400 million credit line to Sri Lanka for development of its infrastructure and economy during president Rajapaksa #39;s visit to New Delhi.

Pakistan FM Qureshi meets Sri Lankan FM Gunawardena, apprises him about Kashmir situation

According to Pakistan Foreign Office, Qureshi will call on Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and PM Mahinda Rajapaksa and felicitate them.

"New Sri Lanka government wants to undo deal to lease port to China for 99 years"


Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi to visit Sri Lanka

Qureshi #39;s visit comes immediately after President Rajapaksa #39;s recent visit to India during which he met President Ram Nath Kovind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

China Will Take Belt And Road All Over Asia

In its report “’China Will Take Belt And Road All Over Unless…’: Sri Lankan President”, Agence France-Presse quotes Sri Lanka’s new president Gotabaya Rajapaksa as saying in his recent interview with The Hindu that Sri Lanka will be forced to seek finance from China again if India and western nations do not invest in the […]

ANFREL elects new set of board of directors

The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) has elected a new set of Board of Directors during its general assembly on 19 November 2019 in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

India offers funds to Sri Lanka in bid to outdo China


India, anxious to counter China's influence in the region, on Friday offered hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to Sri Lanka as the island's new president made his maiden overseas trip in New Delhi.

Gotabaya Rajapaksa's visit to India just 12 days after he became president is being intensely watched as New Delhi and Beijing compete to control the Indian Ocean and its strategic sea routes.

Sri Lanka has been traditionally been allied to India but China invested and loaned billions of dollars to the island nation during the decade-long reign of Rajapaksa's elder brother Mahinda Rajapaksa.

After talks with the new leader, India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi said his country would give $400 million in credit to Sri Lanka to improve its economy and infrastructure.

He offered another $50 million to boost Sri Lanka's security and intelligence gathering -- notably after the April 21 attacks by Muslim radicals that killed 258 people.

"A strong and prosperous Sri Lanka is not just in India's interest but the entire Indian Ocean region," Modi said as he welcomed Rajapaksa for the three-day visit.

"The security and development of our two countries are interlinked. Therefore it is only natural that we remain mindful of each other's security and sensitivities," he added.

Rajapaksa swept the November 16 election on promises of bolstering the economy and security -- but is a controversial figure for his role in Buddhist-majority Sri Lanka's decades-long civil war against Tamil separatists.

The separatists' defeat in 2009 was followed by allegations of widespread human rights abuses towards Tamil minorities by government forces.

International condemnation brought the Colombo government closer to Beijing, which launched huge infrastructure projects on the Island nation, including the Hambantota port.

In his inauguration speech however, the new president said he wanted a "neutral" foreign policy and friendly relations with all countries.

"India's cooperation is multi-faceted. We will continue to work closely with India to ensure that the Indian Ocean remains a zone of peace," he said as he invited Modi to visit Sri Lanka.

© Agence France-Presse


12/1/2019: Sport Cricket: Test cricket’s highest scorers


400*: Brian Lara (WI), West Indies v England, St John’s, 2004. 380: Matthew Hayden (Aus), Australia v Zimbabwe, Perth, 2003. 375: Brian Lara (WI), West Indies v England, St John’s, 1994. 374: Mahela Jayawardene (SRI), Sri Lanka v South Africa,...

Facebook: How Data Collection Works


In this first season, we focus on the social media apps we all use daily. Whether to check on some updates of your friend or just to pass time laughing at that meme or video. First episode is none other than Facebook, which is arguably the social media platform majority of the Sri Lankan internet […]

The post Facebook: How Data Collection Works appeared first on Pulse.


Famous Sri Lankan Painters


Art in Sri Lanka has been a prominent part of our culture since ancient times from the cave frescos found in Sigiriya to more modern digital art. Keep reading to check out some well-known Sri Lankan painters and learn more about the art culture in Sri Lanka!   Senaka Senanayake One cannot have a list […]

The post Famous Sri Lankan Painters appeared first on Pulse.


Fortunaglobal Powers TV Derana to Revolutionize Presidential Election Coverage in Sri Lanka


As TV Derana celebrated its 14th anniversary recently, marking consecutive years at the forefront of the media industry in Sri Lanka, it was strongly supported by trusted long-time digital partner – Fortunaglobal, which has developed web portals and mobile applications for Derana and Ada Derana to help achieve its successful digital revolution. Today, is […]

The post Fortunaglobal Powers TV Derana to Revolutionize Presidential Election Coverage in Sri Lanka appeared first on Pulse.


Consultant ? Youth at UN RCO, Sri Lanka (Open for both Nationals & Internationals)

UNDP: Consultant ? Youth at UN RCO, Sri Lanka (Open for both Nationals & Internationals) in Colombo, SRI LANKA. Closing date: 2019-12-02

China Greatly Expands Black Tea Trade with Sri Lanka


China has become “a market of real interest” for Sri Lanka, Kenya and India.…

The post China Greatly Expands Black Tea Trade with Sri Lanka appeared first on World Tea News.


Event Update For 2019-11-28


The seas, lakes and oceans are now pluming deadly hydrogen sulfide and suffocating methane. Hydrogen sulfide is a highly toxic water-soluble heavier-than-air gas and will accumulate in low-lying areas. Methane is slightly more buoyant than normal air and so will be all around, but will tend to contaminate our atmosphere from the top down. These gases are sickening and killing oxygen-using life all around the world, including human life, as our atmosphere is increasingly poisoned. Because both gases are highly flammable and because our entire civilization is built around fire and flammable fuels, this is leading to more fires and explosions. This is an extinction level event and will likely decimate both the biosphere and human population and it is debatable whether humankind can survive this event.

A. More fires and more explosions, especially along the coasts, but everywhere generally.
B. Many more animal die-offs, of all kinds, and especially oceanic species.
C. More multiples of people will be found dead in their homes, as if they'd dropped dead.
D. More corpses found in low-lying areas, all over the world.
E. More unusual vehicular accidents.
F. Improved unemployment numbers as people die off.

Category: Variety Pack

2019-11-28 - We may have already crossed the threshold for a cascade of interrelated climate tipping points:

Quote: "The world may already have crossed a series of climate tipping points, according to a stark warning from scientists. This risk is 'an existential threat to civilisation', they say, meaning 'we are in a state of planetary emergency'."

Note: We have definitely passed plenty enough tipping points to bring an end to civilization...

2019-11-28 - Chemical plant burns into second day after massive explosion in coastal Port Neches (Texas), 50,000 people remain evacuated:

Quote: "Jefferson County Judge Jeff Branick confirmed that thousands of his county's residents remain evacuated on Thursday following a fire and explosion at an industrial plant Port Neches, Texas. The fire remained active on Thursday, one day after a pair of explosions at the plant rocked the town of Port Neches. The explosions could be felt from up to 30 miles away, and blew out windows near the plant."

Quote: "The disaster at the TPC Group-owned facility roughly 94 miles west of Houston took place a week after the Trump administration rolled back safety rules meant to protect workers and people who live near chemical plants."

2019-11-28 - Metal recycling center hit by fire, scrap metal and 3 cars burn, on Anne Road in Smethwick (Britain):

Quote: "The incident occurred at a scrap recycling centre in the industrial street and involved two large shipping containers filled with scrap, as well as three cars located nearby."

2019-11-28 - Recycling center erupts in flame near I-55 in St. Louis County (Missouri):

2019-11-28 - Recycling center fire breaks out on North Lincoln Avenue in Urbana (Illinois):

2019-11-28 - RV goes up in flames and kills person while parked at property in Middletown (California):

Quote: "Dispatch had received multiple reports of the fire, and when firefighters got on scene they reported finding a fully involved RV."

Note: This is the 424th RV to burn in 2019, and this is the 12th deadly RV fire in 2019...

2019-11-28 - Transformer bursts into flame and causes blackouts in Dubuque (Iowa):

2019-11-28 - Experts say current drought is the worst ever experienced in Australia:

2019-11-28 - Death toll rises to 46 after magnitude 6.4 earthquake shakes the Adriatic coast in Albania:

Quote: "Hopes were fading Thursday of finding anyone else alive beneath the rubble of collapsed buildings in Albania, two days after a deadly quake struck the country’s Adriatic coast killing at least 46 people and injuring more than 2,000."

2019-11-28 - Wildfire breaks out and burns hundreds of acres in and around Smoke Hole (West Virginia):

2019-11-28 - Fishing trawler 'Schneivins' bursts into flame near coastal Ouistreham (France):

Quote: "On Nov 27, 2019 at 1:44 p.m. the CROSS Jobourg was alerted by several shellfish vessels that a fire broke out in the engine room of the trawler 'Schneivins' which was 8,5 nautical miles northwest of Ouistreham with a crew of five on board."

2019-11-28 - Boat and garage destroyed by fire just before midnight at home on Woodbine Street in Uniondale on coastal Long Island (New York), another fire too:

Quote: "Another fire started just before midnight on Woodbine Street. Sources at the scene told News 12 that a boat and a garage were destroyed."

2019-11-28 - Boat bursts into flame while drydocked at the Grimsby Docks in coastal Grimsby (Britain):

Note: These are the 956th, 957th and 958th boats/ships to burn/explode in 2019...

2019-11-28 - Transit bus bursts into flame at Electronics City area in Banglaore (India):

Note: This is the 571st bus to burn in 2019...

2019-11-28 - Tanker truck bursts into flame at 12:19 AM on the A5 near Wellington (Britain):

Note: This is the 2049th tractor/tanker/semi to burn/explode in 2019...

2019-11-28 - Truck bursts into flame on the N52 in Tullamore (Ireland):

2019-11-28 - Truck bursts into flame at 5:52 AM on the M40 near Handy Cross (Britain):

Quote: "Thursday 28 November, 5.52am Lorry fire, M40 northbound between junctions 4 (Handy Cross) and 5 (Stokenchurch). Two appliances and crews from High Wycombe, one from Beaconsfield and an officer attended. Firefighters used one hose reel and a thermal imaging camera."

2019-11-28 - Ferrari bursts into flame at airport in coastal Miami (Florida):

2019-11-28 - Two cars go up in flames while parked at dealership on Rockingham Road in Davenport (Iowa):

2019-11-28 - Car bursts into flame on I-95 in coastal Bridgeport (Connecticut):

2019-11-28 - Car bursts into flame on Route 7 in Brookfield (Connecticut):

2019-11-28 - Car bursts into flame on the QEW in Oakville (Canada):

2019-11-28 - Car bursts into flame on the M20 near Ashford (Britain):

2019-11-28 - Car bursts into flame at 2:54 AM on New Park Road in Castlefields, Shrewsbury (Britain):

2019-11-28 - Car bursts into flame near Wem (Britain):

2019-11-28 - Car and garage go up in flames in the wee hours, home damaged too, on Mill Springs Road in Smyrna (Tennessee):

2019-11-28 - Barn destroyed by fire at African Safari Wildlife Park in Port Clinton (Ohio), 10 animals killed:

2019-11-28 - Barn destroyed by fire in Moore County (North Carolina), 19,000 chickens killed:

2019-11-28 - Barn destroyed by fire on Chippewa Drive in Oswego (Illinois):

2019-11-28 - Restaurant heavily damaged by fire at 4:30 AM on South 25th Street in Fort Dodge (Iowa):

2019-11-28 - Mobile home destroyed by fire in coastal San Leandro (California):

2019-11-28 - Home heavily damaged by carport fire on North Clearfield Avenue in coastal Tampa (Florida), cat killed:

Quote: "Darville is visiting family from out of town. He said he heard loud pops and came outside to see the carport on fire. 'There's a car over there, so you don't know if it's going to explode or if that's what exploded,' Darville said."

2019-11-28 - Home heavily damaged by garage fire and explosion just after 5 AM on West Hanover Circle in Orchard Mesa (Colorado):

2019-11-28 - Home heavily damaged by garage fire on Haverhill Drive in Piqua (Ohio):

2019-11-28 - Home heavily damaged by garage fire on Lincoln Avenue in Dighton (Massachusetts):

2019-11-28 - Home heavily damaged by fire at 12:30 AM on Chestnut Street in Noblesville (Indiana), 1 injured:

2019-11-28 - Home destroyed by fire at 3:40 AM on Montclaire Drive in Olathe (Kansas):

2019-11-28 - Two homes damaged by garage fire just after 4 AM on Pacelot Street in the Lakes of Summerville area in Summerville (South Carolina):

2019-11-28 - Apartment building damaged by fire in Sanford (Florida):

2019-11-28 - Apartment building heavily damaged by fire on Gregory Lane in Fairfield (California):

2019-11-28 - Apartment building heavily damaged by fire in Bradford (Britain):

2019-11-28 - Apartment building devastated by huge fire on North Canyon Road in Provo (Utah):

2019-11-28 - Apartment building destroyed by huge blaze on Forest Lane in Dallas (Texas):

2019-11-28 - Apartment building destroyed by fire on Cotton Creek Circle in Arlington (Texas):

2019-11-28 - Deadly fire burns mobile home at 6:46 AM in Mount Vernon (Washington), 1 killed, 2 injured:

2019-11-28 - Deadly fire burns home on Belltown Road near Oxford (North Carolina), 1 killed:

2019-11-28 - Deadly fire burns home in Beaver Dam (Wisconsin), 1 killed, 1 injured:

2019-11-28 - Deadly fire burns home on Lehman Street in Osceola (Indiana), 1 killed:

2019-11-28 - Deadly fire burns home at 6:30 AM on West Steadman Road in Somerset (Canada), near the coast, 1 killed:

2019-11-28 - Vacant mobile home burns in Hall County (Georgia):

2019-11-28 - Vacant home burns on West Georgia Street in Tallahassee (Florida):

2019-11-28 - Two infant twin girls die after being found unresponsive at home in coastal Brisbane (Australia):

Quote: "The twin sister of a baby girl who died at a Brisbane home has also died in hospital. Police and paramedics were called to the home at Sunnybank Hills on Wednesday where one of the six-week-old pair was confirmed dead. Her twin was transported to hospital in a critical condition, but police say she died on Thursday. Their deaths are not being treated as suspicious. Preliminary investigations suggest the babies were sleeping together throughout the night and were discovered unresponsive in the morning."

2019-11-28 - Man, 46, found dead in marshy area in coastal Crisfield (Maryland):

2019-11-28 - Man, 53, found dead along the Napa Valley Vine Trail in Napa (California):

2019-11-28 - Person found dead on top of theater in Ripley (Mississippi):

2019-11-28 - Man found dead in gangway between buildings in Skokie (Illinois):

2019-11-28 - Man, 67, falls into the water and dies in Lake Wyaralong (Australia):

2019-11-28 - Man, around 30, found dead in drain in Delhi (India):

2019-11-28 - Man, around 70, dies after being found unconscious on beach in coastal Mandrem (India):

2019-11-28 - Man dies while snorkeling at the island of Barbuda:

2019-11-28 - Man found dead in Florida Lake (South Africa):

2019-11-28 - Man found dead along Park Road in Narahenpita on the island of Sri Lanka:

2019-11-28 - Man, 32, drops dead at prison in coastal Liverpool (Britain):

Quote: "A 32-year-old inmate at HMP Liverpool has died suddenly."

2019-11-28 - Man, 49, has heart attack and dies at home in Helston (Britain), 2 miles from the coast:

2019-11-28 - Man, 41, found dead at home on Bridge Street in Newhaven (Britain), near the River Ouse:

2019-11-28 - Driver has 'medical emergency', pickup truck overturns into gully, in Austintown (Ohio), 1 injured:

Quote: "Investigators say the driver suffered some type of medical emergency, lost control and the truck flipped over."

2019-11-28 - Passenger plane makes emergency landing in Kelowna (Canada), landing gear problem:

2019-11-28 - SUV veers off road and overturns at 3:40 AM on Garners Ferry Road near Crossing Creek Road in Columbia (South Carolina), 1 killed:

2019-11-28 - SUV crashes, bursts into flame, on I-91 in Rocky Hill (Connecticut), 1 injured:

2019-11-28 - SUV veers off road, crashes into tree, in Oakwood Hills (Illinois), 1 killed:

2019-11-28 - Car veers off road just before 12:30 AM, crashes into tow truck, bursts into flame, near Seffner (Florida), 1 killed:

2019-11-28 - Car veers off road, plunges into pond, in Republic County (Kansas), 4 killed, 1 injured:

2019-11-28 - Car veers off road, crashes into pole, in White Marsh (Maryland), 1 injured:

2019-11-28 - Car veers off road, crashes into two trees, on State Road 26 in Newberry (Florida), 2 killed:

2019-11-28 - Car veers off road at 7 AM and crashes next to the Naugatuck River in Naugatuck (Connecticut), 1 injured:

2019-11-28 - Car veers off road before 5 AM, crashes down embankment, near Vernonia (Oregon), 1 injured:

2019-11-28 - Car veers off road, crashes into tree, in De Peyster (New York), 1 killed:

2019-11-28 - Sinkhole closes street in Whittier (California):

2019-11-28 - Sinkhole opens on the shoulder of the 10 Freeway in Redlands (California):

2019-11-28 - Steel suspension bridge under construction collapses near Balemu (India), 4 injured:

2019-11-28 - Three small earthquakes shake the New Madrid Seismic Zone:

2019-11-28 - Storm Ezekiel with the strength of a hurricane, Winter Storm Dorothy and the East Coast Cyclone wallop most of the US:

2019-11-28 - Typhoon Kammuri (Tisoy) intensifies and heads toward the Philippine Islands:

2019-11-28 - Storm dumps 7 inches of rain in 3 hours on Salvador (Brazil):

2019-11-28 - Meteor streaks across the sky over Camarillo (California):

2019-11-28 - Measles epidemic death toll rises to 39 in Samoa:


Sri Lanka’s India Equation- Rhetoric and Reality.


Paper No. 6517                             Dated  28-Nov-2019

By Prof. V. Suryanarayan

The victory of Gotabaya Rajapaksa in the Presidential election held on November 16, 2019, with a massive mandate, not unexpected by Sri Lanka watchers in India, opens a new chapter in Sri Lanka’s history and also in Sri Lanka-India relations.

Gotabaya is a controversial figure; while the majority Sinhalese adores him as a “savior” and a “war hero”, the minority Tamils (Sri Lankan Tamils and hill country Tamils) and the Muslims view his ascendancy with fear and trepidation. The EU Election Observation Mission in its report has mentioned that the election was largely free of violence and technically well – managed. However unregulated campaign funding, abuse of state resources and media bias did not provide a level playing field for all candidates.

Gotabaya in his campaign highlighted that if elected he would restore law and order in the country. It was music to the ears of the majority Sinhalese, especially in the wake of ISIS-inspired bombings last Easter, that left more than 250 dead and at least 500 injured. The fact that external intelligence agencies, including India, warned Colombo about possible attacks, added to the discomfiture of Sirisena-Ranil team. Other contributory factors included the rift between the President and the Prime Minister, increasing corruption, mounting cost of living and rising unemployment.

The Rajapaksa family is virtually ruling the country. Gotahaya is the President; Mahinda is the Prime Minister and also in charge of key portfolios –finance, economic affairs, policy development, Buddha Sasana, water supply, urban development and housing and Chamal Rajapaksa is another member of the cabinet, who is in charge of the Mahaveli development, agriculture and trade. In Sinhalese perception the return of the Rajapaksas to power symbolizes the ascendancy of the Ruhune, the deep south which had always been in the forefront of Sinhalese sub-nationalism.

Two important consequences must be highlighted. Voting has followed ethnic lines and naturally ethnic polarization has widened. Because of several acts omission and commission committed by the Tigers, the Tamil struggle for autonomy and participatory democracy has suffered serious reverses. The functioning of the elected governments in the northern and eastern provinces is nothing much to rave about. Even on issues relating to development activities in these two provinces the elected governments are often ignored.   Equally relevant, on the crucial question of accountability for the war crimes, demanded by UN Human Rights Agencies, Sri Lanka is unlikely to take any positive steps. The three brothers are strong Sinhala nationalists and are determined to whitewash the crimes committed by the trigger-happy armed forces during the Fourth Eelam War. A winter of discontent is ahead of Sri Lanka.

Soon after Gotabaya was sworn in as President, S. Jaishankar, Minister for External Affairs, Government of India, called on the President, offered congratulations and good wishes and invited the President to visit New Delhi at the earliest. What exactly transpired during the talks is not known, but according to media sources Jaishankar conveyed New Delhi’s expectation that Sri Lankan Government “will take forward the process of national reconciliation, to arrive at a solution that meets the aspirations of Tamil population for equality, justice, peace and dignity”.   President Gotabaya Rajapaksa   is visiting New Delhi on November 29, his first state visit after becoming the President. The visit underlines the importance that Colombo attaches to its relations with India.

India: Main Focus of Sri Lanka’s Foreign Policy

In his first major interview, Gotabaya Rajapaksa told the well- known Indian journalist Nitin Gokhale that Sri Lanka wants be a “neutral country”. It does not want to be a “bandwagon country” and it cannot survive if “we get into the balancing act”. More important the President added giving Hambantota “on lease for 99 years” by the previous government “was a mistake”. He added that Hambantota is “strategically important, economically important” and giving that “is not acceptable”. He added “we should have control. We have to negotiate”. Is this only an attempt to accuse the Ranil-Sirisena team of bartering away the sovereignty of Sri Lanka? Will China re-negotiate with Colombo and give away a crucial strategic asset in the Indian Ocean region?

On the proposed visit to India Gotabaya said, “I will reassure the Indian Government that we will work with India as a friendly country. We will not do anything that will harm the security interests (of India)”. On the question of “reconciliation process with the minorities” Gotabaya did not touch upon the political and constitutional measures that his government will undertake but emphatically maintained that “development is the answer”. He added that the leaders of both Sinhalese and Tamils were speaking about things “that are not practical, impossible, only to fool the people”. He added that every citizen of the country should be given an opportunity “to live as a Sri Lankan, to get an education, live a better life, get a good job and live in dignity. I will create that environment”.

India- Sri Lanka bilateral relations since independence have undergone several twists and turns, confounding friends and critics alike. But the crucial statement made by the Sri Lankan President in his interview with Nitin Gokhale that Sri Lanka “will not do anything that will harm the security interests (of India)” has to be analysed in greater detail. For if we do not learn from history, we will be condemned to re-live it.

Love-hate relations

All aspects of Sri Lankan life – demography, history, religion, language, art, literature, politics, even dress and cuisine – have been profoundly influenced by India. In 1927, Mahatma Gandhi, on the invitation extended by the Jaffna Youth Congress, visited Ceylon to popularise Khadi and prohibition. Gandhiji spoke at several places touching upon Buddha’s heritage, temperance, khadi and untouchability. According to Rajaji, who accompanied Gandhiji during his visit to Ceylon, Gandhiji’s visit was an “unprecedented triumphal march”.

Gandhiji was so impressed by all-pervasive Indian influence that he referred to Ceylon as “India’s daughter state”. During his visit to Jaffna he referred to Ceylon as “India glorified”. Struck by the natural beauty of the country, Gandhiji told that Ceylon “surpassed all my expectations and so I could not help saying that Ceylon seemed to me a fragrant beautiful pearl dropped from the nasal ring of India”. He expressed the hope that the people of Ceylon “who have inherited and adopted the teachings of the Great Master (Gautama Buddha) do better than the children of the Motherland”.

Though a proclaimed agnostic, Jawaharlal Nehru was fascinated by the life and teachings of Gautama Buddha. Nehru never failed to visit the Samadhi statue of the Buddha in Anuradhapura whenever he visited the Island. When he was in Dehradun jail, a Ceylonese friend sent him a picture of this statue and it became his constant companion. In Discovery of India Nehru has written that “it became a precious companion for me and the strong calm features of Buddha’s statue soothed me and gave me strength and helped me to overcome many a period of depression”. No wonder that when the Constituent Assembly debated on the selection of the national flag it unanimously adopted the flag of the Indian National Congress, with the Charkha being replaced by the Ashoka Chakra, indicating that Dharma will guide India’s policies and programmes.

It must be pointed out that in Sri Lanka there is wide divergence between theory and practice of Buddhism. In his absorbing book, Buddhism Betrayed, Prof. Stanley Tambiah raised the embarrassing question: “If Buddhism preaches non-violence why is there so much of political violence in Sri Lanka today?”. The book carries in the front cover, the photograph of a Buddhist monk shrieking and shouting. There is no Karuna (compassion) in his face there is only Raudra (anger).   It needs to be highlighted that the assassin who killed S W R D Bandaranaike was a Buddhist monk. And the monks had been in the forefront in preaching intolerance and even violence against the minorities, whether Tamils or Muslims.

Minority Complex of the Majority Community

Though the Sinhalese constitute three fourths of the island’s population, they do not look at the Tamils as minority groups, but as those who have links with South India with no loyalty to the island Republic. It is a well-entrenched attitude.  This idea got further strengthened because the island was subjected to frequent invasions from South India during the Chola period. In recent times the discomfiture has been strengthened by wild statements made by the leaders of the Dravidian parties that India should resort to military means to solve the ethnic problem.

The ever present fear of the giant in the north made the Sinhalese leaders seek external help to “checkmate” India. Thus, instead of reciprocating the good will expressed by Jawaharlal Nehru Ceylon entered into a defence agreement with Britain which permitted the latter to station British troops in Ceylon. It was justified by Sir John Kotelawala, the Ceylonese Prime Minister, who said, “the day Ceylon dispensed with Englishmen completely, the island would go under India”.

J V P Revolt and the Bangladeshi Crisis

Faced with the internal security threat posed by the Janata Vimukti Peramuna (JVP) in April 1971, Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike asked for external assistance. The first country to respond spontaneously was India. A senior diplomat then working in the Indian High Commission told me that he took the next available flight to Thiruvananthapuram, telephoned then Foreign Secretary T N Kaul who, in turn, got in touch with the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The Government of India acted swiftly. The Indian Air Force planes within minutes flew from Bangalore to Colombo to defend the Katunayake airport. The Indian naval ships from Chennai and Kochi sailed to Colombo to defend the Colombo harbor. The JVP revolt was easily put down; a State of Emergency was proclaimed and large number of Sinhalese youth were detained without trial.

How did Colombo respond to these gestures of goodwill? Six months later, during the East Pakistani crisis, when India had banned over flights by Pakistani planes over Indian Territory, Sri Lanka provided transit and re-fuelling facilities for Pakistani air force planes and soldiers on their way from West Pakistan to East Pakistan to carry on savage reprisals against Bangladeshi nationalists.  Was it not an act which went against Indian interests? In that process did not Sri Lanka collude with Pakistan and go against the wishes of the overwhelming majority of East Pakistanis who wanted freedom from Pakistani domination?

India’s Nuclear Programmes and Sri Lankan Response

During the 1970’s one of the major foreign policy initiatives of Sirimavo Bandaranaike was to get the Indian Ocean declared as a Zone of Peace. With the support of non-aligned countries, especially India, Sri Lanka was able to muster majority in the UN General Assembly to get the IOPZ resolution passed in October 1971. But with India’s growing nuclear capability Colombo began to change its stance. It began to support the Pakistani proposal for making South Asia a nuclear weapons free zone. What is more, when India “imploded” the bomb in May 1974 anti-India sentiments came out into the open. In addition to concerns about super power rivalry, Colombo began to express fears about India’s nuclear capabilities. Sri Lankan diplomat Shirley Amarasinghe remarked: “We do not want any great power here. We do not intend to drive out Satan by Beelzebug and allow some other powers within the group of littoral and hinterland states to take up the place of superpowers”.

It must be highlighted that when India exercised the nuclear option and exploded the bomb in Pokhran in May 2008 there was an enlightened government in Colombo. Lakshman Kadiragamar was the Minister for External Affairs, who did not believe in checkmating India, but in promoting bilateral relations. He was conscious of the fact that India is the best guarantor of the stability and security of Sri Lanka and welcomed India’s initiative.

Induction of IPKF:

The induction of the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), on the invitation of President Jayewardene under the provisions of the India Sri Lanka Accord, enabled the Sri Lankan army to withdraw from the north and the east and concentrate itself in tackling the JVP threat. The JVP, it may be recalled, after 1987 India-Sri Lanka Accord, gave up its earlier form of class struggle and transformed itself as a champion of Sinhala nationalism. Unprecedented violence was unleashed by the JVP. For few weeks, according to many impartial observers, the security situation in southern parts of Sri Lanka began to turn against the Government. But gradually the Sri Lankan army got an upper hand. During those turbulent days, Bheeshana Samaya, days of terror, as the Sinhalese refer to it, the two rivers of exquisite beauty in Sri Lanka, Mahaweli Ganga and Kelaniya Ganga, were clogged with dead bodies and foamed with blood. Gradually the army got the upper hand and the JVP revolt was crushed.

What is instructive for us in India is the fact that the military marginalization of the Tigers, accomplished at heavy cost of men and materials, did not earn for India the corresponding gratitude of the Sinhalese. On the contrary it gave a fillip to Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism and provided justification for the argument that Sri Lanka would soon become the client state of India. What was more embarrassing for New Delhi was the fact that the hitherto two antagonistic entities, Prabhakaran and President Premadasa, came together. It is well known that President Premadasa provided lot of money and weapons to the Tigers to fight against the IPKF. However, in the end, Premadasa had to pay for the wages of sin. He fell victim to the cult of the bomb and the bullet perfected by the Tigers.

In his memoirs, My Days in Sri Lanka, Ambassador Lakhan Mehrotra, who was High Commissioner from April 1989 to June 1990, narrates the policy of brinkmanship practiced by President Premadasa. Sri Lanka was toyng with the idea of abrogating the India-Sri Lanka Accord by an Act of Parliament, recalling the Sri Lankan High Commissioner from New Delhi, thus leading to “rupture” in diplomatic relations. President Premadasa threatened B G Deshmukh, Principal Secretary to Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, who was sent to Colombo as a “special envoy” that he would declare the IPKF as an “occupying force” which would sully India’s name. In a fit of anger Premadasa told Deshmukh that he would “commit suicide” if his request for the IPKF to cease its operations against the LTTE was not met before July 1989.

The wheel turned full circle again. When the military crisis deepened during the Third Eelam War, after the fall of the Elephant Pass to the Tigers in April 2000, and the Tigers were ready to re-enter Jaffna, their former stronghold, not only Sri Lankan Government, but even the hard core sections of the JVP pleaded for Indian military intervention. Having burnt its fingers already, New Delhi turned down the request.

Indian Naval Diplomacy at Its Best

When Tsunami struck Sri Lanka in December 2004 the Indian response was spontaneous. Though a victim of Tsunami itself, the Government of India immediately mobilised its resources and extended timely help to its immediate neighbours – Sri Lanka, Maldives, Thailand and Indonesia. India was the first country to send assistance to Sri Lanka  - within hours – after the Tsunami which claimed over 30,000 lives in the coastal districts spread across the northern, eastern, southern and southwestern parts of the island. Indian relief workers were involved in a range of operations, including emergency medical aid, the setting up of relief camps, clearing debris and reconstructing damaged bridges. The magnificent role played by the Indian Navy constitutes one of the golden chapters of India’s naval history and diplomacy. It included the mapping of the Colombo harbor which was completed effectively and swiftly.

It must be pointed out that Tsunami, which wrought havoc in Indonesia, had the effect of bringing together the Achenese rebels and the Indonesian Government, which paved the way for the settlement of the Achenese separatist problem. Hope entertained by Indian observers that a similar denouement will take place in Sri Lanka did not materialize due to the intransigence of both sides – Sri Lankan Government and the separatist Tigers. As a result, Indian assistance extended to Sri Lanka did not reach the Tamils in the north and the east to the extent India would have liked.

India and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)

We can choose our friends, but not our neighbours. What is more, in South Asia we cannot make a clear distinction between domestic developments and foreign policy. To illustrate, if there are Hindu-Muslim riots in India, the Muslims in neighbouring countries will naturally get agitated. If religious conversion on a mass scale takes place in Bangladesh and Pakistan and if the Hindu minority is pressurised/coerced to embrace Islam, the Hindus in India will be concerned. If the Tamils in Sri Lanka are discriminated against by the Sinhalese-dominated governments ,the Tamils in Tamil Nadu will naturally get agitated and will express their support and sympathy to their Tamil brethren across the Palk Strait. Keeping this reality in mind we in India have to evolve a realistic neighbourhood policy. As the dominant power in the region, which lies at the very centre of South Asia, India has the responsibility of preventing genocide in neighbouring countries. In other words, in its foreign policy, New Delhi must uphold, both in letter and spirit, the “Responsibility to Protect (R2P)”.

The R2P is a revolutionary doctrine in the theory and practice of international relations. Promulgated by Australian visionary and former Foreign Minister Gareth Evans, who had taken keen interest in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, the theory is gathering support and momentum in different parts of the world. It was unanimously adopted by the UN General Assembly at the 2006 World Summit, but has not been implemented because of the strong opposition put forward by states who are taking shelter behind state sovereignty to commit genocidal crimes against their own people.

In simple words, R2P spells out that the primary responsibility of protecting the people from mass atrocity lies with the State itself. As Gareth Evans has aptly put it, “State sovereignty implies responsibility, not license to kill”. But when a State is unable or unwilling to take responsibility, the international community cannot turn a Nelson’s eye to gross violations of human rights. The international community should take preventive action. R2P’s primary tools are persuasion and support, not military or other coercive methods. But when all means fail, then the alternative of military intervention should be considered.

Sri Lanka, as Prime Minister Indira Gandhi said in 1983, is “not just another country” and what happens in the island will have its repercussions in India. If fire rages in your neigbbourhood, you must extinguish the fire before it engulfs you. This policy was adhered to by New Delhi in the case of Sri Lanka even before the ethnic fratricide in July 1983. Three illustrations are given below to substantiate this point.

  1. India’s Response to ethnic riots in 1958

The first organized violence against the Tamils took place in Colombo in 1958 and death and destruction were the order of the day. Y D Gundevia, who was then Indian High Commissioner in Colombo, met Governor General Oliver Goonetileke and candidly told him that the Tamils in Colombo were feeling unsafe in the national capital. Ambassador Gundevia suggested that it was better to shift them to the safety and security of Jaffna peninsula. The Governor General concurred with this view and with Indian assistance ships were arranged and those Tamils who wanted to leave Colombo were transported to Kankesenthurai. There were few hundred Sinhalese living in the Northern Province at that time, mainly involved in the bakery business. Their lives were not in danger, but as a precautionary measure, they were brought back to the Sinhalese areas.

During the height of the Fourth Eelam War I used to narrate this incident in several forums and used to plead that India should take the initiative, get in touch with the United States and member States of the European Union and persuade/pressurise the President to declare a cease fire so that innocent people who were caught between the Sinhalese Lions and the Tamil Tigers could be rescued and taken to safe areas. Unfortunately, my voice turned out to be a voice in the wilderness. And, what is more deplorable, when the Tiger guerrillas got in touch with the Indian diplomats and told them that they would like to surrender they were asked to approach the Sri Lankan armed forces and hold aloft the white flag of surrender. As the international Human Rights Organisations have pointed out some of those who held aloft the white flag were also mercilessly shot down. Thus, India became an unwilling accomplice to a dastardly crime. As Lady Macbeth put it, “There is the smell of the blood still. And all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten my little hand”.

  1. Organised Riots in Plantation Areas, 1981

The second illustration pertains to the organized riots which took place in the plantation areas in the middle of 1981 engineered by powerful forces within the United National Party (UNP) and carried out by lumpen sections of Sinhalese population. Their objective was apparent – to drive out as many Indian origin Tamils to India before the Sirimavo-Shastri Pact expired in October 1981. The Indian High Commissioner Thomas Abraham deputed two of his junior colleagues, Gopal Krishna Gandhi and Ranjan Mathai to the plantation areas to make an on-the-spot study of the situation. Gopal Gandhi and Ranjan Mathai reported that the riots were pre-planned and were masterminded by leading members of the ruling party. Thomas Abraham immediately went to the riot affected areas, though W T Jayasinghe, then Foreign and Defence Secretary, tried to dissuade him on the plea that the Government will not be able to provide him adequate security. Thomas Abraham told W T Jayasinghe: “I am going to meet my people. I do not require your security. Courtesy demands that when the High Commissioner leaves the capital he should inform the foreign office”. Thomas Abraham was shocked by the senseless violence taking place in the planation areas. In one of his memorable statements, which made many of us proud, Thomas Abraham declared that if the Sri Lankan Government could not restore law and order and provide security to the Indian Tamils, India will have to think in terms of taking its own steps. The chauvinist elements in Sri Lanka accused Thomas Abraham of interfering in the internal affairs of the country. But Thomas Abraham stuck to his principled stand. The warning sent shock waves through the Sinhalese establishment. President Jayewardene acted swiftly and normalcy was returned to the hill country.

  1. India and Emergency Regulations

 The third illustration took place in July 1983, when Shankar Bajpai was additional Secretary in charge of Sri Lanka and Bernard Tilakaratne was Sri Lankan High Commissioner in New Delhi. Five days before the ethnic fratricide took place in Colombo, Shankar Bajpai summoned Bernard Tilakaratne to the Foreign Office and told him about India’s concerns “about what is happening in Sri Lanka”. Bajpai made particular reference to the Emergency Regulations that were operative in Jaffna permitting disposal of the dead without inquests. The Sri Lankan envoy ventured to ask whether the concern was conveyed from Tamil Nadu. He was told that the concern was being expressed “at the highest political level”. Understandably the Sri Lankan press reacted with unprecedented hysteria. It accused India of “meddling in the internal affairs of Sri Lanka”. “Big Brother, shut up” was the screaming headline in a leading newspaper.

Much water has flowed through the Ganga, Kaveri and the Mahaveli since then and Indian policy towards the island became one of bending backwards to placate its southern neigbbour. Another incident deserves mention. During the height of the Fourth Eelam War when civilian casualties were very high, the South Block expressed its concern through the website. The senior officials did not even want to summon the High Commissioner to express India’s concern.

Continuing Ambivalence on Devolution to Provinces

The greatest threat to nation building in Sri Lanka comes from the Sinhalese perception that Sri Lanka is a Sinhala-Buddhist state and the minorities have to adjust themselves to Sinhalese supremacy. The 13th Amendment, which was introduced after India-Sri Lanka Accord of 1987 provided for the substance of federalism in a unitary state. A review of developments since 1987 clearly illustrates that the limited devolution to the provinces is being progressively undone by successive governments. The merger of the North and the East, an article of faith as far as the Tamils are concerned, has been undone by a judicial pronouncement. Mahinda Rajapaksa has made it clear that police powers will not be devolved to the provinces. The composition of an upper house to protect the interests of the federal units has become a forgotten chapter. The bureaucracy is still dominated by the Sinhalese. The armed forces are predominantly Sinhalese. The military presence in the north and the east continues and the job opportunities created as a result of development activities is grabbed by the Sinhalese.

In multi-ethnic societies we must make a clear distinction between citizenship and nationality. Citizenship implies political loyalty to the state irrespective of ethnic origin. You may be a Sinhalese, Tamil or Muslim, but you are a citizen of Sri Lanka and your loyalty is to the Sri Lankan state. The second pertains to nationality, which includes cultural moorings. You are a Tamil, you follow Tamil culture, you practice Hindu religion and you have your education through the Tamil language, while being a loyal citizen of Sri Lanka. In other words, the success of nation building will depend upon the nature of political system. If the political system provides sufficient space for multiple identities to co-exist harmoniously the nation building experiment is on the right track. But if it does not provide for tolerance of multiple identities, tensions and fissures will develop. A meaningful solution to the problem of ethnicity and nation building can be found only if the political system enshrines tolerance, devolution, power sharing and autonomy.

India-Sri Lanka Relations – Coming Months

Let us hope that President Gotabaya Rakjapaksa and his team will discuss all these problems in a free and frank atmosphere. If the past is an illustration, India carries no ill will towards Sri Lanka and would like the island republic to emerge as a happy and harmonious nation. One problem which New Delhi faces today is to take the political parties of Tamil Nadu along. The AIADMIK Government and the opposition Dravidian parties still harp on events of the past and live in a world of make believe. They do not understand that a policy of confrontation will only result in Sri Lanka’s increasing dependence on China for economic, political and strategic survival.

With the co-operation of Tamil Nadu New Delhi can resume the shipping service between Rameshwaram and Talaimannar. It would give a fillip to the promotion of trade and cultural relations. The connectivity between the two countries can be developed further if the proposal made by Ranil Wikramasinghe to have a land bridge gets translated into action.  Tamil Nadu can contribute a lot for the amelioration of 70,000 war widows who continue to live in poverty and destitution. Educational opportunities in Tamil Nadu should be enhanced so that Sri Lankan Tamils can come to Tamil Nadu for higher education. It should be pointed out that among the very first graduates of Madras University, which was started in1857, were two Sri Lankan Tamils – Viswanatha Pillai and Thamodaran Pillai. I can multiply the opportunities for fruitful co-operation between the two countries. 


The greatness of a nation, Mahatma Gandhi once said, depends upon how secure the minorities feel in that country. Twelve days before his assassination, Gandhiji wrote in the Harijan: “All Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians and Jews, who people this vast sub-continent and have adopted it as their own motherland, have an equal right to it. No one has a right to say that it belongs to the majority community only and that the minority community can only remain there as an underdog”.

“What we call the beginning” T S Eliot wrote years ago “is often the end”. “And to make an end is a beginning. The end is where we start from”. In the beginning of this essay, I referred to Gandhiji’s visit to Ceylon in 1927. Let me conclude the essay with another statement of Gandhiji. Speaking in the Nalanda Mahavidyalaya he appealed to the students to follow the teachings of the Buddha: “If you do not represent the teachings of the Buddha in your own lives, you having belonged to this institution will be considered useless … You can reproduce the central teaching of the Gautama in your own lives… He gave us the unadulterated law of mercy –and he insisted upon purity of life”.  Gandhiji was deeply pained by the growing canker of communalism in the island, but he held out the hope that if the Ceylonese adhered to the Master’s teachings, to quote Gandhiji again, you “can outstrip us and set an example”.             

Dr. V. Suryanarayan is Founding Director and Senior Professor (Retired), Centre for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Madras. His e mail id:







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Following a visit by Sri Lankan horticulturalists, Dutch Ambassador to Sri Lanka and the Maldives, Tanja Gonggrijp, stated  there were plans to create more formal linkages between the two nations. Gonggrrijp was the guest speaker following the 38th Annual General Meeting of the Lanka Fruit and Vegetable Producers,…

The best family hotels in Sri Lanka


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KBSL ‘SAARC Partner Of The Year’ At Avaya Partner Awards 2019


KBSL – a leading IT solutions company in Sri Lanka - received the prestigious SAARC Partner of the Year award at the Avaya Partner Awards 2019 Ceremony held in Dubai.

The award recognized the Sri Lankan IT solutions company’s outstanding contribution to Avaya — an American multinational technology company — by closely collaborating in addressing customer requirements, winning new customers, deploying complex UC and CC solutions and enabling them to provide best in class communication and customer experiences.

Avaya is a global industry leader providing cutting edge solutions and elevating ‘next generation’ communications in terms of engagement, connectivity between organizations, customers, workforce, and communities through secure and intelligent systems.

Avaya is a transformative force in digital communications and meets the needs of businesses of all sizes. With the help of KBSL’s professional engineering team, the company is fully aligned with Avaya’s mission to power next generation communication.

KBSL offers a wide range of products and services in the Enterprise Unified Communication (UC) and Contact Center (CC) space. The company’s UC portfolio includes Voice, Video, Instant Messaging, Presence, Data sharing, Unified Messaging and Mobility.

KBSL’s CC portfolio offers a number of services including ACD Voice, Multimedia, IVR Self Service Automation, Reporting, Compliance Recording, Advance analytics, WFM, Dialer and CTI. Unique service value addition and after sales service are two characteristics that define KBSL’s commitment to customers.

Innovative business ideas to enhance ROI, reduce TCO and integrating with latest trends in UC and CC technologies are at the heart of KBSL’s engagement with customers and partners.

Effective UC and CC infrastructure enables coordinated, comprehensive and integrated services to function and adapt to highly dynamic customer behaviors.

KBSL started the UC and CC solutions journey in the early 90’s with the industry giant Avaya, and has maintained an excellent track record for nearly 25 years by offering successful solutions to a number of sectors ranging from Banking and Finance, Conglomerates, Telco, Hospitality, Public sector and SMEs.


Sri Lanka latest nation to push back from China’s Belt Road embrace


Another country is trying to push back from the embrace of China’s Belt Road Initiative (BRI). Citing national interest, Sri Lanka’s new government led by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has made clear it is keen to cancel the previous regime’s move to lease the southern port of Hambantota to state-backed China Merchants. A number of other […]



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on September 22, 2019." class="caption" align="right" />

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Addis Ababa,23 November, (

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