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Kartarpur permit free, says Punjab CM

Kartarpur permit free, says Punjab CM

Chandigarh: Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh said here on Sunday devotees applying for visa online to visit Kartarpur Sahib in Pakistan were not being charged by the Sewa Kendras, set up by the state government. Anyone asked to pay any fee should inform his office directly, he added. Reacting to reports that pilgrims were being …

Check out more stories at The Siasat Daily


J-K: Pak violates ceasefire in Shahpur, Qasba sectors

J-K: Pak violates ceasefire in Shahpur, Qasba sectors

Poonch: Pakistan on Sunday violated ceasefire in Shahpur and Qasba sectors in Poonch district. “On December 1, 2019, at about 1600 hours Pakistan initiated unprovoked ceasefire violation by firing of small arms and shelling with mortars along LoC in Shahpur and Qasba sectors in district Poonch (J&K),” a statement said. The Indian Army is retaliating …

Check out more stories at The Siasat Daily


পাকিস্তানে ‘হামলা করতে এসে’ দুই ভারতীয় গ্রেফতার


দি ঢাকা টাইমস্ ডেস্ক॥ অবৈধ অনুপ্রবেশের দায়ে পাকিস্তানে দুই ভারতীয় নাগরিককে গ্রেফতার করা হয়েছে বলে আন্তর্জাতিক সংবাদ মাধ্যম সূত্রে জানা গেছে। আরও জানতে পড়ুন বিস্তারিত -

এই লেখাটি পাকিস্তানে ‘হামলা করতে এসে’ দুই ভারতীয় গ্রেফতার সর্ব প্রথম প্রকাশিত হয়েছে The Dhaka Times এ।


Professor’s car grazes sitting student during protest at Pakistani medical college (VIDEO)

Preview A student protesting at the Nowshera Medical College (NMC) was reportedly injured by a car owned by one of the professors. The school management has denied the incident and accused the students of disruptive behavior.
Read Full Article at

Australia vs Pakistan 2nd Test at Adelaide

Series/Cup: Pakistan tour of Australia, 2019
Result: Stumps - Day 3


Meet the Class of 2019’s Top Three Students

The district is pleased to announce that seniors Tyler Brock and Aneeqa Majid have been named valedictorian and salutatorian, respectively, for the Class of 2019. Grace Armann was also named essayist. The district’s three top students were honored during a reception in the Bellport High School library on April 18, where they were congratulated by the board of education, central administration, faculty and parents. Principal Timothy Hogan called their being named valedictorian, salutatorian and essayist as a “remarkable achievement.” He said these students “serve as leaders of the building and as role models to other students.” As valedictorian, Tyler acquired an overall weighted GPA of 102.9919. Tyler is an advanced Placement Scholar with Honors. Prior to his senior year, he successfully completed nine honors and five Advanced Placement classes and is currently enrolled in an additional six AP courses. Tyler will graduate with a Regents diploma with advanced designation and with honors and mastery in math and science. An outstanding athlete, Tyler has been a member of the varsity tennis team for four years, earning a first single position for the past three years of competition and the title of captain. He also ran cross-country for three years and was a member of the 2016 League Championship team. He is also a member of the National, Science and Math honor societies, Student Council, French Club and Students for Environmental Quality. Tyler also played roles in two high school musicals. His volunteer commitments include Safe Halloween, food drives, homework help at the South Country Public Library, math tutoring, Special Olympics and assisting with religious education. He plans on pursuing his interests in either civil engineering or architecture this coming fall. Salutatorian Aneeqa Majid acquired an overall weighted GPA of 102.6667 and was designated by the College Board as an Advanced Placement Scholar with Distinction, having completed five honors and six AP courses prior to senior year and successfully challenging five AP courses this school year. Aneeqa will graduate with a Regents diploma with advanced designation and with mastery and honors in science. Born in Pakistan and fluent in Urdu, Aneeqa moved to the U.S. when she was 9 years old. Having to work hard in fourth grade to make an academic transition, she thrived prior to coming to Bellport High School in ninth grade, evidenced by her membership in the National, Math and Science honor societies. Last school year, Aneeqa was selected to participate in a summer engineering program at Stony Brook University and has been a member of the math team and varsity tennis team. She writes for the school newspaper, The Clipper, and volunteers at the Brookhaven Public Library as a Junior Ambassador for Suffolk Literacy, where she recruits volunteers to help those who need assistance in learning to read. She also volunteers at Stony Brook Hospital and enjoys drawing and creating crafts. Aneeqa plans on attending Stony Brook University this fall where she will pursue a career in chemical and molecular engineering. Essayist Grace Armann acquired an overall weighted GPA of 102.3955 and was designated as an Advanced Placement Scholar with Distinction. Prior to senior year, she completed nine honors and six AP courses and is completing an additional five AP courses this school year. Grace was recently designated as a National Merit Finalist. She will be graduating with a Regents diploma with advanced designation with honors and mastery in math and science. Her activities include Student Council where she has been class treasurer, class president, student council secretary and student council treasurer. Grace has been a PTSA student member throughout high school and a LEAD Conference representative this year in Washington, D.C. She is also a member of the National, Math and Science honor societies. Her musical accomplishments include Tri-M Music Honor Society, membership in the Metropolitan Youth Orchestra, concert mistress of both the pit and chamber orchestras and designation as an All-County musician in both the Suffolk County Music Educators’ Association and Long Island String Festival Association. Her STEM-related activities include being involved in Women in Science and Engineering at SBU for the past three years, as well as membership in Students for Environmental Quality, math team and Envirothon. In addition, Grace is a reporter for The Clipper, a tutor and a student assistant in the district’s summer music program. Her hobbies include photography, where she recently received an district art award, traveling, reading and music. Grace plans on pursuing a major in journalism and political science and eventually a career in print and broadcast journalism. The district looks forward to seeing where Tyler’s, Aneeqa’s and Grace’s futures lie and wish them the best as they continue to make Bellport High School proud.

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In science news around the world, a Swiss firm announces that, in a first, it has used the CRISPR gene editor to help two people with blood diseases—sickle cell anemia in one and beta thalassemia in the other—caused by mutations to their hemoglobin gene. Brazil's government reports that development, most of it illegal, destroyed more than 9700 square kilometers of Amazon rainforest in the year ending in July, an increase of 30% from the previous year and the highest rate of deforestation since 2007–08. Coincidentally, XPRIZE announces a purse of $10 million in a new competition to develop technology to help survey and protect biodiversity in tropical rainforests. Pakistan plans widespread use of a new typhoid vaccine to help end an outbreak of an extensively drug resistant form of Salmonella enterica Typhi, a sometimes deadly bacterium spread by contaminated water and food. The U.S. President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology holds its first meeting under President Donald Trump.


Will Trump’s Meddling in Navy SEAL Case Derail Reforms Inside Commando Units?

When a team of Navy SEALs slipped undetected into Pakistan in the predawn hours of May 1, 2011 and returned with Osama bin Laden’s the corpse, the world was exposed to the ability and reach of America’s elite commando units. In the years that followed, as SEALs took an oversized share of the burden in…


Zabardast est un composé de mots Urdu : Pour ceux qui, comme moi, ne parle pas le Urdu, ça veut dire : formidable, époustouflant, imposant, magnifique, merveilleux.<br /><br />Un copain (85 ans, trop âgé pour ce genre de choses, même en rêve) m'a prêté un livre portant ce titre et qui raconte une expédition en Afghanistan où les 8 jeunes participants descendent, à ski ou en surf, des pentes extrêmement raides et techniques à + de 5000m. On peut voir un film (comme il y a un américain, ça parle souvent anglais) sur cette expédition. Je n'ai pas le droit de mettre un lien sur la version en ligne du film mais en tapant <a href=";t=videos" target="_blank" rel="noopener">zabardast sur votre moteur de recherche favori</a>, vous le trouverez facilement. Dans l'expédition, il y avait des photographes et des cameramen. Les faces descendues à ski ont été filmées avec des caméras d'action. Le film (il dure un peu moins d'une heure) montre aussi la vie de cette expé et… les peurs des participants.<br /><br />Les participants vont à Skardu (au nord du Pakistan) par la Karakorum Highway et de Skardu à Askole par une piste impressionnante. Jadis (j'étais alors un peu moins âgé) j'avais pris cette piste pour aller à Askole (un village d'une pauvreté étonnante) point de départ d'un trek (l'un des plus beaux que j'ai fait) pour remonter le glacier du Baltoro jusqu'un peu au delà du camp de base du Broad Peak. Je me souviens que le soir, après avoir discuté dans la tente cuisine avec les porteurs, j'avais assisté au lever de la lune sur le Broad Peak. Magnifique !<br /><img src="" alt="" width="422" height="260" /><br />Je n'ai, hélas, jamais eu le niveau à ski pour faire ce qu'ils ont fait mais le reste est un peu du genre de ce que j'ai fait (jadis…) vers le glacier du Baltoro (et un peu aussi dans un raid à skis au Groenland).<br /><br />Quand on fait partie de la grande famille des « tamalou », il reste toujours… le rêve !<br /><br />René<br /><br /><span style="font-size: 8pt;"><em>Images CC0</em></span>

One Pakistani Soldier Killed, Two Injured In North Waziristan Terror Attack


One Pakistani Frontier Corps (FC) soldier was killed and two others injured during a heavy exchange of fire with terrorists after they attacked an FC check-post in North Waziristan. According to a statement by Director General Inter-Services Public Relations Maj Gen Asif Ghafoor, “terrorists raided an FC post in North Waziristan district near the Pak-Afghan […]

The post One Pakistani Soldier Killed, Two Injured In North Waziristan Terror Attack appeared first on EurAsian Times: Latest Asian, Middle-East, EurAsian, Indian News.


Why Saudi Arabia, UAE Ignored Pakistan To Build Strong Ties With India?


Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have talked about setting up a refinery plant worth at least $ 70 billion in India. The giant oil and petrochemicals refinery project will be built jointly by Saudi Aramco and Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. (ADNOC) in Maharashtra’s Raigad. Saudi Arabia Confirms Investing A Whopping $100 Billion In India Crown Prince Mohammed bin-Salman […]

The post Why Saudi Arabia, UAE Ignored Pakistan To Build Strong Ties With India? appeared first on EurAsian Times: Latest Asian, Middle-East, EurAsian, Indian News.


Israeli Firm RADS Apologies To DRDO For Unintended Miscommunication


Israeli firm Rafael Advanced Defense Systems apologised to the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), a day after taking a jibe at India’s Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile which is being developed by the DRDO. ISRO To Launch Military Imaging Satellite; Will Track All Defence Movements of Pakistan, China? In a late-night statement issued via its […]

The post Israeli Firm RADS Apologies To DRDO For Unintended Miscommunication appeared first on EurAsian Times: Latest Asian, Middle-East, EurAsian, Indian News.


India, Israel In War Of Wards Over Spike Anti Tank Guided Missiles


A salacious war of words has broken out between Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and an Israeli firm over Spike Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM) which was recently supplied to the Indian Army. DRDO Equips Indian Tanks With Enhanced Night Vision Amid Tensions With Pakistan It all started when Israeli Rafael Advanced Systems compared […]

The post India, Israel In War Of Wards Over Spike Anti Tank Guided Missiles appeared first on EurAsian Times: Latest Asian, Middle-East, EurAsian, Indian News.


Sweden Raises Voice For Kashmir, Saab Gripen Fighter Jets Ahead Of Visit To India


Joining the list of European nations that have expressed apprehension about the communications blackout in Jammu and Kashmir, Sweden has urged the Modi Government to end restrictions in volatile region. India Cannot Open ”Illegally Occupied’ Siachen Glacier For Tourism – Pakistan India has ignored criticism of the situation in Jammu and Kashmir, asserting revoking special status of […]

The post Sweden Raises Voice For Kashmir, Saab Gripen Fighter Jets Ahead Of Visit To India appeared first on EurAsian Times: Latest Asian, Middle-East, EurAsian, Indian News.


Skhan - female - California, United States

Salaam The profile is for my friend. She has one child And divorce (the guy married her while had another wife back home and his family knew of it and was having affair and just to obtain green card). He had married her for fraud. Please only respond if you live in USA and citizen and Pakistani Sunni thanks

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I am affectionate, loving, calm, nature lover, helpful, . However, I like the peaceful environment, I love understanding between life partners. I hate fights, debates, silly arguments and, therefore, avoid those things. For me, patience and care are the key factors to show off love.

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Well I guess, it would be a little complex to precisely describe yourself, especially when it becomes the matter of establishing new relationships. Presumably one would say that I am self - motivated, ambivert, family oriented and a family person. Lives independently here in Lahore, looking for a simple, fun loving and reliable person and that's it.

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with reguards for a guy of 45 .from pakistan belong to a spirtuel learned famely of pakistan .wel educated Master Degree with islamic Degree From a Religious unive .im a simple layel person hate to lia and hv great live religious person im looking for asych a religious soul mate for real life.who can satisfy my inner rekigious world her modest.behave she wil be a queen for my life drems.iwould take the bandage over her wounded heels.

Jammu and Kashmir: Pakistani troops violate ceasefire in Poonch

Pakistani troops violated ceasefire in the border district of Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir which left one civilian injured.

Pak troops resorted to unprovoked, indiscriminate firing on Indian forward posts, civilian areas in Poonch

Pakistani troops violated the ceasefire and resorted to indiscriminate and unprovoked firing on Indian forward posts and civilian areas in the border district of Poonch in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir last evening.

The Threats and Abuse Outspoken Pakistani Women Receive (2016)

(We have taken the executive decision of no longer making our links “hot” to address the malware problem.) Backgrounder: The threats and abuse outspoken Pakistani women receive (2016), July 19, 2016 The apparent “honour killing” of Pakistani social media celebrity Qandeel Baloch has led to renewed debate over women’s rights in the country, […]

Prevalence and correlates of cardiometabolic multimorbidity among hypertensive individuals: a cross-sectional study in rural South Asia-Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Prevalence and correlates of cardiometabolic multimorbidity among hypertensive individuals: a cross-sectional study in rural South Asia-Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Feng, L.; Jehan, I.; De Silva, H.A.; Naheed, A.; Farazdaq, H.; Hirani, S.; Kasturiratne, A.; Ranasinha, C.D.; Islam, M.T.; Siddiquee, A.T.; Jafar, T.H. OBJECTIVE: To determinate the prevalence and correlates of cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM), and their cross-country variation among individuals with hypertension residing in rural communities in South Asia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Rural communities in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2288 individuals with hypertension aged ≥40 years from the ongoing Control of Blood Pressure and Risk Attenuation- Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka clinical trial. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: CMM was defined as the presence of ≥2 of the conditions: diabetes, chronic kidney disease, heart disease and stroke. Logistic regression was done to evaluate the correlates of CMM. RESULTS: About 25.4% (95% CI 23.6% to 27.2%) of the hypertensive individuals had CMM. Factors positively associated with CMM included residing in Bangladesh (OR 3.42, 95% CI 2.52 to 4.65) or Sri Lankan (3.73, 95% CI 2.48 to 5.61) versus in Pakistan, advancing age (2.33, 95% CI 1.59 to 3.40 for 70 years and over vs 40-49 years), higher waist circumference (2.15, 95% CI 1.42 to 3.25) for Q2-Q3 and 2.14, 95% CI 1.50 to 3.06 for Q3 and above), statin use (2.43, 95% CI 1.84 to 3.22), and higher levels of triglyceride (1.01, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.02 per 5 mg/dL increase). A lower odds of CMM was associated with being physically active (0.75, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.97). A weak inverted J-shaped association between International Wealth Index and CMM was found (p for non-linear=0.058), suggesting higher risk in the middle than higher or lower socioeconomic strata. CONCLUSIONS: CMM is highly prevalent in rural South Asians affecting one in four individuals with hypertension. There is an urgent need for strategies to concomitantly manage hypertension, cardiometabolic comorbid conditions and associated determinants in South Asia. Indexed in MEDLINE.

New digital platform MyACCA launches for members

As part of ACCA’s (the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants) digital transformation programme, its members in Ireland, Poland, Pakistan, Hong Kong and Singapore have helped the professional body to redesign a new digital platform called MyACCA. Offering a new and personalised way of working with ACCA for members and students, the platform is customised so that members can see clearly where they are on their journey with their professional body.

HBL PSL 2020 players retained and released by the six sides

Almost all the key members of the Pakistan T20I cricket team have been retained by their respective franchisees for the HBL PSL..

Day 3 of 2nd Test Pakistan trail Australia by 248 runs after following on

Pakistan trail Australia by 248 runs with 7 wickets remaining at the close of play on day three, after being forced to follow on by Australia.

Warner turns it on against listless Pakistan

There was enough evidence at Adelaide Oval to suggest, the present two-Test series between Australia and Pakistan is a total mismatch.

Sri Lanka Test squad for Pakistan tour analysis - Akila's ban, Dhananjaya's nonchalance and more

After sending a second-string squad for the limited-overs series, the SLC could not afford to repeat it with 120 World Test Championship points at stake, and hence, the Pakistani crowd will get to see some hard-fought cricket this time.

Warner and Starc put Australia in control of 2nd Test against Pakistan

An unbeaten treble century (335*) by David Warner and a top spell of fast bowling from Mitchell Starc put Australia firmly in control

Usman Shinwari to represent Lahore Qalandars in HBL PSL 2020

Left-arm fast bowler Usman Shinwari has become the first player to be transferred for the HBL Pakistan Super League 2020 as he moves from Karachi Kings to Lahore Qalandars.

Sri Lanka Tells Richer Nations to Step Up to Counter China FDI


Sri Lanka Tells Richer Nations to Step Up to Counter China FDI(Bloomberg) -- Terms of Trade is a daily newsletter that untangles a world embroiled in trade wars. Sign up here. Bigger and richer economies should invest in smaller Asian ones if they want to counter China’s expanding Belt and Road Initiative, Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa said.“I want to tell India, Japan, Singapore and Australia and other countries to also come and invest in us,” Rajapaksa said in an interview with the Hindu newspaper. “They should tell their companies to invest in Sri Lanka and help us grow, because if they do not, then not only Sri Lanka, but countries all over Asia will have the same (problem).”China’s Belt and Road Initiative has resulted in an estimated $575 billion worth of energy plants, railways, roads, ports and other projects. But President Xi Jinping’s signature effort has also come in for criticism, including accusations that China is luring poor countries into debt traps for its own political and strategic gain.Sri Lanka’s new government led by Rajapaksa is trying to undo the previous regime’s move to lease the southern port of Hambantota to a Chinese venture, citing national interest. There were concerns in India about its geopolitical rival using a port close to its southern coastline for future military uses.The local government must have control of all strategically important projects like Hambantota, Rajapaksa told the Hindu paper. While Sri Lanka has come under scrutiny for its ties with China, its agreements were “purely commercial,” he said.A port deal similar to Hambantota under the Belt and Road program in Myanmar was drastically scaled back to $1.3 billion from $7.5 billion, while in Malaysia the government canceled $3 billion worth of pipelines and renegotiated a rail project in 2019, cutting that one’s cost by a third to $11 billion.“The main issues India could have with us would be on (our relations) with China or Pakistan, but if we don’t do anything that creates suspicions amongst Indian authorities, there will not be any problem,” Rajapaksa said. “The Chinese will take the Belt and Road Initiative all over unless other countries provide an alternative.”To contact the reporter on this story: Anurag Kotoky in New Delhi at akotoky@bloomberg.netTo contact the editors responsible for this story: Shamim Adam at, Sara MarleyFor more articles like this, please visit us at©2019 Bloomberg L.P.


Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



Gunvor, DTX scoop Pakistan LNG’s January spot deliveries

Swiss trader Gunvor has placed the lowest bids for four out of the five spot LNG cargoes that Pakistan LNG is looking to have delivered in January. 

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Bosnien | „Sie werden erfrieren“

Das Rote Kreuz in Bihać warnt vor großer Not. Tausende Flüchtlinge sind dem herannahenden Winter fast schutzlos ausgeliefert
„Sie werden erfrieren“

Ob das zutreffe, fragt Hussein, ein 23-jähriger Flüchtling aus dem Irak. „Die geben uns kein Essen mehr? Was sollen wir dann tun?“ Da ist Panik in seinem Gesicht, seine Augen betteln um eine beruhigende Antwort. Für ein paar Stunden ging im Flüchtlingslager Vučjak in der Nähe der bosnischen Stadt Bihać das Gerücht um, das Rote Kreuz werde die gut 700 Flüchtlinge in diesem Camp nicht mehr versorgen. Ein Gerücht, das nicht der Wahrheit entsprach, denn die Helfer aus der Region stellten ihre Arbeit in Vučjak nicht ein, wie das Husein Klicić, Präsident des RC Bihać, zunächst kundgetan hatte. Es hieß, mit Einbruch des Winters sehe sich seine Organisation nicht mehr in der Lage, das Überleben der Flüchtlinge und die Sicherheit der Mitarbeiter zu garantieren. „Wir wollen die Verantwortung für eine humanitäre Katastrophe nicht übernehmen. Wenn die Menschen in Vučjak bleiben, werden sie erfrieren. Die Regierung muss nun eine Lösung finden.“

Mülldeponie, Minenfeld

Diese Worte fielen in eine Zeit, da die Zukunft der Flüchtlinge im Kanton Una-Sana so unsicher schien, dass es die Menschen in Verzweiflung stürzte. Auch die von der Internationalen Organisation für Migration (IOM) betriebenen Lager Miral in der Nähe der Stadt Velika sowie Bira in Bihać standen Anfang November kurz davor, geschlossen zu werden. Zu diesem Zeitpunkt lebten in Bihać 2.000, in Mira 800 Flüchtlinge. Zusammen mit denen aus Vučjak und Hunderten, die in Ruinen oder Parks ausharren, wären dann schätzungsweise 4.000 Menschen dem hereinbrechenden Winter ausgeliefert gewesen.

Vučjak wurde 2018 gegen internationalen Protest auf einer Mülldeponie am Rande des gleichnamigen Dorfes errichtet, 15 Kilometer von Bihać entfernt. Die Stadt begründete die Entscheidung seinerzeit damit, dass sich die 40.000 Bewohner nicht mehr sicher fühlten angesichts der zumeist jungen Männer, die auf der Straße und in Parks schliefen, sich wuschen – die Müll und Fäkalien hinterließen. Daher sei die einstige Mülldeponie der allein mögliche Standort. Seither werden Migranten, die sich auf den Straßen von Bihać aufhalten, von der Polizei eingesammelt, nach Vučjak gebracht und dort zwischen flatternden Zelten und einem Waldgürtel ausgesetzt, in dem noch Landminen aus der Zeit des Bosnien-Krieges liegen.

Wegen dieser Sprengkörper wie des mit Methan verseuchten Bodens weigerten sich internationale Hilfsorganisationen, in Vučjak tätig zu werden. Das hat zu Umständen geführt, die man nur als Albtraum bezeichnen kann. Die übervollen Zelte sind im Moment feucht vom Regen und riechen nach Schimmel. Überall sammelt sich Unrat, die Wege sind schlammig. Die Wassertanks werden von der Stadtregierung befüllt, die auch den Müll abholt, es gibt einen Generator zum Aufladen der Mobiltelefone, dazu vier Dusch- und Toilettencontainer, die so verdreckt sind, dass die Bewohner lieber in den Wald gehen. Fast jeder dort – die meisten in Vučjak sind aus Pakistan und Afghanistan – hat Krätze, Flöhe oder eitrige Wunden.

Lediglich das Rote Kreuz von Una-Sana hat bis zuletzt geholfen, mit zwei Mahlzeiten täglich und der Ausgabe von Decken und Schlafsäcken sowie medizinischer Erstversorgung. „Aus Menschlichkeit“, wie Regionalkoordinator Selam Midžić sagt. Doch die Möglichkeiten waren von Anfang an beschränkt, stützten sich auf Spenden der Bevölkerung und die Arbeit von Ehrenamtlichen. Die Entscheidung, Vučjak eventuell aufzugeben, sei auch deshalb herangereift, weil seine Mitarbeiter am Ende ihrer Kräfte waren, so Midžić. „Sie haben es dort mit Hunderten von jungen Männern zu tun, die zum Teil schwer traumatisiert sind. Täglich gibt es Kämpfe und Streit, aber keine Polizeipräsenz, um unsere Leute zu beschützen.“

Als Bosnien – nach Schließung der serbisch-ungarischen Grenze vor gut 18 Monaten – neue Durchgangsstation auf dem Weg nach Europa wurde, war die Solidarität unter den Bewohnern zunächst groß (der Freitag 46/2018). Es gab noch keine Camps und die Flüchtlinge fanden viel private Hilfe, vor allem von Bosniaken, die selber Krieg und Vertreibung erlebt hatten. Man glaubte, es handle sich um eine temporäre Situation, nur riss der Strom jener nicht ab, die über Kroatien in die EU wollten. Mehr als 30.000 Menschen haben schätzungsweise das kleine Balkanland durchquert. Als es im Kanton Una-Sana zu Zusammenstößen zwischen Polizei und Flüchtlingen kam, zu Einbrüchen in leer stehende Häuser und zu Viehdiebstahl, schwand die Hilfsbereitschaft und wich dem Gefühl, überfordert zu sein.

Die Regierung lasse seine Stadt im Stich, klagt Šuhret Fazlić, der Bürgermeister von Bihać, der Vučjak errichten ließ. Tatsächlich ist die Präsenz der Flüchtlinge hoch, ebenso die der Polizei. Weil das Camp Bira direkt in der Stadt liegt, gibt es seit Wochen Demonstrationen von Bewohnern, die eine Schließung verlangen. Jeden Tag steht vor dem Lager eine Schlange von Flüchtlingen, die auf Aufnahme hoffen und abgewiesen werden. Wem das widerfährt, der sucht Schutz in tristen Ruinen, in denen kein Überwintern möglich ist.

Barfuß zurück

Dass die bosnische Regierung trotz internationalen Drucks bislang keine alternativen Standorte bestimmt hat, liegt an der Angst, unpopuläre Entscheidungen zu treffen, die Wählerstimmen kosten, aber auch an der föderalistischen Struktur. „Keiner übernimmt Verantwortung. Jeder fühlt sich zunächst seiner Partei oder seinem Clan verpflichtet. Probleme werden nicht gelöst, sondern von einem zum anderen weitergegeben“, meint Peter Van der Auweraert, Koordinator der IOM in Bosnien. „Wir verhandeln seit Januar, weil absehbar war, jetzt überfordert zu sein.“ Es sei jedoch nicht gelungen, alle involvierten Parteien zu einer gemeinsamen Strategie zu bewegen. „Uns läuft die Zeit davon, das ist allen klar. Wir hoffen, dass unsere Camps über den gesamten Winter hinweg geöffnet bleiben. Für jede andere Lösung ist es zu spät. Einen Plan B, das muss man klar sagen, haben wir nicht.“ Die Entscheidung des Roten Kreuzes, die Versorgung für Vučjak zu verlängern, beruhigt ihn. „Wären dessen Teams dort gar nicht tätig, dann wären diese Camps ohne Zelte, ohne Wasser und Verpflegung, also bald kollabiert. Und man hätte sich dem stellen müssen. Wenn man sich darauf einlässt, Flüchtlingen ein Refugium zu geben, muss man durchhalten.“

Laut Schätzungen des bosnischen Roten Kreuzes sind in den vergangenen Monaten rund 2.500 junge Männer ins Camp Vučjak gebracht worden. Dahinter beginnt die dicht bewaldete Plješevica-Gebirgskette, die Bosnien von Kroatien trennt. Weil in diesen Wäldern die Polizeipräsenz groß ist, nehmen viele Flüchtlinge die Route, die auf einer Karte im Camp als von Landminen verseuchte Strecke eingezeichnet ist. „Wenn du verzweifelt bist, gehst du jedes Risiko ein“, sagt Hussein. Er ist seit August in Vučjak und hat seither ein Dutzend Mal versucht, von dort zu entkommen. „Viermal haben sie mich hinter der Grenze erwischt. Die kroatische Polizei nimmt uns die Kleidung weg, ebenso Schuhe und Schlafsäcke, die vor unseren Augen verbrannt werden. Dann müssen wir barfuß zurück. Einmal hat mich die Polizei in Bihać von der Straße geholt und wieder ins Lager gebracht. Kein Mensch kann so leben, wie wir es hier tun.“

Ein Sturm und heftige Regenfälle haben in Vučjak bereits spüren lassen, was passiert, wenn der Winter unwiderruflich begonnen hat. Die Zelte haben den eisigen Schauern kaum standgehalten, Wasser lief hinein, an vielen Stellen wurden sie aus ihren Verankerungen gerissen. Im steten Regen erwies es sich als unmöglich, die Schlafsäcke zu trocknen. Also hüllten sich die Flüchtlinge gegen den Wind notgedrungen in feuchte Decken – die Stimmung blieb angespannt. „Ich will hier nur noch raus“, sagt Hussein. Seit über einer Stunde steht er durchnässt in der Schlange vor dem Essenszelt, wo es zum Frühstück zwei Scheiben Brot und einen Klecks Frischkäse gibt. Die Umstehenden stimmen ihm zu. Sie hielten es nicht mehr aus. Wenn sie hier eines Tages nicht mehr versorgt würden, wohin sollten sie dann?

„Das wird Europa doch nicht zulassen“, glaubt Hussein hoffnungsvoll. Die bosnische Regierung, so IOM-Koordinator Van der Auweraert, habe erwogen, den Flüchtlingen im Winter zusätzlich eine leer geräumte Kaserne in Sarajevo zu überlassen. Man gehe davon aus, dass sich dort die kalten, verzehrenden Monate überstehen ließen. Was aber, wenn das Frühjahr kommt und alle wieder Richtung kroatische Grenze wandern? Van der Auweraert zuckt müde mit den Schultern. „Mehr, als immer wieder eine langfristige Lösung zu fordern, können wir nicht. Eines ist sicher: Die Flüchtlinge werden weiter durch Bosnien ziehen.“

Lesen Sie mehr in der aktuellen Ausgabe des Freitag.


Looking for English native Speaker(US Only)

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PAKISTAN: Activist languishing in jail

One month since Professor Muhammad Ismail was arbitrarily detained, he is still languishing in prison on trumped-up charges of ‘hate speech’, ‘spreading false information’ and ‘cyberterrorism’. CIVICUS, the global civil society alliance ...

Pomáha im najmä modlitba

Osobnosťou Týždňa pomoci prenasledovaným kresťanom, ktorý sa uskutočnil od 17. do 24. novembra, bol nepochybne kňaz otec Emmanuel Yousaf, pôsobiaci v druhom najväčšom meste v Pakistane Lahore. Oslovili sme ho, aby sme aspoň trochu nazreli do života tamojších kresťanov.

Číslo 48/2019

Najnovšie Katolícke noviny na začiatku Adventu pozývajú dobre sa duchovne pripraviť na Vianoce. Všetci narážame na notoricky známe ťažkosti: takzvaný nedostatok času a naše nedostatky v morálnej oblasti. Dáme sa tým odradiť? Ak túžime po väčšej hĺbke, doceňme a aktivizujme v Advente aspoň to, čo už máme a kým sme. Predstavujú Strednú odbornú školu svätého Jozefa Robotníka v Žiline. Autoopravári, stolári, murári – aj to sú absolventi jedinej cirkevnej školy pre budúcich remeselníkov na Slovensku. „Je pre nás dôležitá oblasť vzdelávania, ale na tej istej úrovni aj oblasť výchovy. Nestačí nám, aby bol žiak dobrý odborník - ale aby bol aj dobrý človek,“ tvrdí riaditeľ školy Igor Pecha. S redemptoristom Viktorom Mišuthom sa rozprávajú o ľudových misiách na Slovensku. Ľudové misie možno označiť za apoštolskú prácu kňazov, ktorí sú splnomocnení cirkevnou autoritou dočasne vykonávať pastoráciu v danej farnosti s cieľom dôkladnej náboženskej obnovy všetkých farníkov. Vysvetľujú, prečo má každý kostol na gréckom vidieku svojho starostlivého dobrodinca. Jedenásťmiliónová krajina, kde sa až deväťdesiattri percent obyvateľov hlási ku kresťanstvu, je cieľom mnohých ciest našincov. Aj keď je hlavným magnetom Grécka – najmä v letných mesiacoch – čisté more, možno tam nájsť i nečakané, no o to hlbšie zážitky v malých strohých chrámoch medzi morom a skalami. Prinášajú aj rozhovor s kňazom Emmanuelom Yousafom, ktorý bol osobnosťou Týždňa pomoci prenasledovaným kresťanom. Emmanuel Yousaf pôsobí v druhom najväčšom meste v Pakistane – v Lahore. V rubrike Mladým sa snažia odpovedať na otázky, ktoré trápia nielen mladých ľudí: Chceš si získať a udržať priateľov? Máš právo ich občas aj kritizovať? Čo robiť, ak ich zraníš? Aj v čase psychologických príručiek, motivačných citátov a instantných internetových rád je zaujímavé pozrieť sa, čo na margo priateľstva radí Sväté písmo. Dobromilka a Svetlúšik pripravili v rubrike Deťom aktuálny adventný seriál s názvom Svetlo sveta prichádza. V jeho prvej časti sa venujú Božej Matke Panne Márii. Približujú misiu pallotínov v africkom štáte Burkina Faso. Do farnosti Matky Božej, Kráľovnej apoštolov, v hlavnom meste Ouagadougou prišiel minulý rok na Misijnú nedeľu poľský misionár Stanisław Filipek SAC a Dariusz Sala SAC. Katolícke noviny vás stále pozývajú zapojiť sa do veľkej predplatiteľskej súťaže. Ak si do 20. decembra 2019 objednáte a zaplatíte ročné predplatné na rok 2020, budete zaradení do žrebovania o 55 hodnotných cien za takmer trinásťtisíc eur. Prvou cenou je pútnický zájazd do Mexika pre dve osoby. Noví predplatitelia navyše dostanú ako darček knihu Muž obety. Pravidlá súťaže a zoznam cien nájdete na Digitálnu verziu najnovšieho čísla Katolíckych novín si môžete zakúpiť TU

Taken to Brink by Trump, Gulf States Are Backpedaling on Iran


Taken to Brink by Trump, Gulf States Are Backpedaling on Iran(Bloomberg) -- An expanded soccer tournament, a direct flight, clandestine meetings and a pledge to release prisoners of war; diplomacy is breaking out as Gulf Arab nations back away from a Donald Trump-inspired confrontation with Iran. And the signs are everywhere.Last week, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain played their first games of the 2019 Arabian Gulf Cup in Qatar after a last-minute decision to take part -- an apparent breakthrough in a 30-month feud that saw them halt trade and flights over Qatar’s links with Iran and support for Islamist groups.Meanwhile, the Saudi-led coalition that’s fought Iranian-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen since 2015 began releasing jailed Houthis, as efforts to end the conflict gather momentum. Oman is quietly hosting high-level meetings, according to people familiar with the matter, and even Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has hinted at direct channels with the U.A.E.Spooked by the prospect of a catastrophic war with Iran and its proxy militias across the region, Gulf monarchies are in the midst of a strategic rethink. The U.A.E., whose economic model relies in large part on its international links, quickly realized it had most to lose from a military escalation. It had removed most of its troops from Yemen by the end of a turbulent summer that saw oil tankers targeted and a U.S. drone downed in the Gulf without significant American response.While the humanitarian catastrophe unleashed by the Yemen war trained an unwelcome spotlight on Saudi Arabia, it took a brazen strike on Saudi oil installations -- which knocked out half the country’s crude production -- to ram home the risks and prove that Trump was not about to ride to his allies’ rescue.“The attacks shattered any illusion of this magical U.S. security umbrella,” said David Roberts, an assistant professor at King’s College London who studies the Gulf. “It burst the bubble and showed that Iran had the willingness to both do something astonishing like the attack on Aramco facilities and the capability to carry it out.”Iran denies U.S. and Saudi assertions it carried out the Sept. 14 strikes, pointing to Houthi claims of responsibility. But people familiar with investigations into the attacks say they were almost certainly launched from southwestern Iran -- an explosive escalation in Tehran’s pushback against an economic offensive unleashed by Trump and enthusiastically backed by the Saudis.The Trump administration withdrew last year from the 2015 deal meant to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear bomb, and reimposed sanctions that have crippled its oil exports. But the “maximum pressure” policy is designed to coax Tehran into more concessions not to drag the U.S. into a new Middle East war just as it draws down troops in Syria.Rolling back Shiite Muslim Iran’s power remains a priority for the Sunni Gulf Arab leadership. There’s an increasing recognition, however, that no one stands to gain from a military escalation in the world’s top oil-exporting region.Saudi Arabia’s Center for International Communication didn’t respond to an email seeking comment. The U.A.E. declined to comment. But in a Nov. 10 speech, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash said he saw “a path to a deal with Iran that all parties might soon” be ready to embark on if Tehran demonstrated commitment.War to ‘Cold Peace’In search of a breakthrough, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, a former cricketer elected with the backing of a powerful army that provides extensive support for the Saudi military, shuttled between Tehran and Riyadh in October. He met Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Rouhani, as well as Saudi Arabia’s King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, describing talks as “encouraging.”Khan said he traveled at the request of Trump and Saudi Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Adel Al-Jubeir said the diplomacy wasn’t prompted by the kingdom. But deepening unease in the Gulf catalyzed the effort.Turning these overtures into lasting peace between countries that have grown further apart since the 1979 Iranian revolution remains far off.The Gulf states resent Iran’s deep reach into Arab nations. While ongoing protests in Iraq and Lebanon suggest Iran has reached the limit of its regional influence, they are unlikely to reverse political and military advances decades in the making.“Cold peace is possible but we are certainly far from a grand bargain,” said Afshin Molavi, senior fellow at the Foreign Policy Institute at Johns Hopkins. “For that, both Riyadh and Abu Dhabi would have to accept a role for Iran in Arab countries such as Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen.”As they explore ways forward, Gulf states are moving at different speeds.The U.A.E. broke with the U.S. and Saudi Arabia by not naming Iran as the culprit behind attacks in May and June on oil tankers as they sailed toward the Strait of Hormuz, the world’s foremost oil shipping chokepoint.It sent coast guard officials to Iran for the first time in six years and Rouhani hinted at other meetings with senior U.A.E. officials. “We’re moving toward improved relations,” he said Oct. 14. Saudi Arabia is catching up.Washington built a multilateral naval operation to protect shipping in the Gulf after the attacks and sent more troops to Saudi Arabia. Both actions resulted in a “down tick” in Iranian actions,” U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said Nov. 13. “The Iranians should not mistake our restraint for weakness.”Where the U.S. holds back, however, others are crowding in. Besides his role in saving Bashar al-Assad’s regime, Russian President Vladimir Putin has forged a partnership with Iran, created an oil alliance with Saudi Arabia and built ties with Egypt’s Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi, who was warned by the U.S. last month against plans to purchase Russian jets.Putin traveled to Saudi Arabia and the U.A.E. in October after visits by the Saudi king and the U.A.E.’s de-facto leader Mohammad bin Zayed to Moscow. The two Gulf countries and Russia have signed deals valued at billions of dollars.For Iran’s Rouhani, the case for regional engagement is obvious.“Don’t you know that Iran is going to stay here and we will remain neighbors throughout history?” he has said, referring to Iran’s Arab neighbors. “Trump will only be around for a few years and will go back to whatever it was he was doing.”\--With assistance from Golnar Motevalli and Glen Carey.To contact the reporter on this story: Zainab Fattah in Dubai at zfattah@bloomberg.netTo contact the editors responsible for this story: Lin Noueihed at, Mark WilliamsFor more articles like this, please visit us at©2019 Bloomberg L.P.


Mohammed Hanif on Pakistan’s celebrity maulanas


They are there on prime time TV, they thunder on FM radios between adverts for Pepsi and hair removing cream.… Read the rest


Eni announces the completion of Bhit Photovoltaic Plant in Pakistan


  Eni, through its subsidiary Eni New Energy Pakistan, inaugurated the Bhit Photovoltaic Plant, Eni's first solar project in Pakistan. The plant, built in proximity to the Bhit Gas Plant, aims at supporting the upstream operations by providing green energy in an off-grid configuration. The Bhit Photovoltaic Plant has a 10MW peak capacity and is expected to produce approximately 20GWh (Gigawatt hours) annually. The output energy will be used on site, reducing gas consumption and avoiding...

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Afghanistan, il "Mullah Donald" e il patto con i Talebani. Storia di un fallimento


Fa uno spot elettorale della serie “ragazzi, tranquilli, presto vi riporterò a casa”, dove quel “presto” sta per prima delle elezioni presidenziali del novembre 20020. E poi sceglie il “male minore”. E poco importa che quel “male” ha rappresentato la ragione dichiarata di una guerra lunga diciotto anni. “Mullah Donald” ha sentenziato che il nuovo Afghanistan, plurale, democratico, de-talebanizzato, è una illusione che non vale più la pena coltivare.

I negoziati con i Talebani sono ripresi dopo l’interruzione nello scorso settembre, ha annunciato Donald Trump, ieri in Afghanistan per una visita a sorpresa nella base militare di Bagram nel Giorno del Ringraziamento. I” talebani vogliono un accordo, e noi li incontreremo e diremo che deve esserci un cessate il fuoco. Loro non lo volevano ma ora sì. Abbiamo compiuto dei grandi progressi”, ha dichiarato Trump al termine di un colloquio con l’omologo afghano Ashraf Ghani.Anche i Talebani si sono detti “pronti a riprendere i colloqui” di pace con gli Stati Uniti e confermano quanto affermato ieri dal presidente statunitense, Alcuni leader del gruppo radicale hanno fatto sapere che stanno avendo incontri con funzionari Usa di alto livello, a Doha.  Ma ciò che più conta, per il tycoon, è mantenere fede su uno dei punti del suo programma elettorale:  quello di riportare a casa i soldati americani dalle guerre infinite, prima tra tutte quella in Afghanistan. Il presidente più volte ha ribadito la sua posizione, così come ha fatto anche in occasione di quest’ultima visita, sostenendo che i soldati americani, “i migliori che ci sono” non possono essere “la polizia del mondo”.   A Ghani , Trump  ha confermato l’intenzione di ridurre al più presto il numero di militari americani, dispiegati nella coalizione internazionale arrivata a combattere i talebani dopo l′11 settembre 2001, a 8.600 unità dagli attuali 13mila. Come primo step. Per arrivare, in piena campagna presidenziale, all’azzeramento della presenza militare Usa in Afghanistan. Obiettivo praticabile, nell’ottica del “Mullah Donald”, visto che nemico di ieri può diventare l’alleato di oggi Paradosso afghano: diciotto anni fa, l’America colpita dall’11 Settembre, muove guerra in Afghanistan ad al Qaeda e al regime che ospitava i campi di addestramento di Osama bin Laden: quello dei Talebani. Migliaia di morti dopo (tra cui 54 militari italiani), l’inquilino della Casa Bianca apre ai Talebani in nome di un nemico comune: l’Isis. Diciotto anni di guerra, ovvero oltre 145 mila morti, tra cui almeno 28 mila civili. A questi si aggiungono oltre 3.500 soldati NATO (di cui 53 italiani, più 650 feriti), almeno 1.700 contractor di varie nazionalità e oltre 300 cooperanti stranieri’. Una guerra costata 900 miliardi di dollari, 7,5 per l’Italia. Nel 2018 secondo l’Onu sono stati uccisi 3800 civili, tra cui mille bambini. Il più alto numero di vittime tra la popolazione in un anno. Quest’anno finora hanno perso la vita 19 militari americani.

I Talebani controllano gran parte delle regionirurali dell’Afghanistan. E rappresentano ancora una minaccia alla pace e alla stabilità del paese, forti ancora di un numero di miliziani stimati tra le 40 e le 60mila persone. Non riconoscono il governo di Ghani, che ritengono essere un “fantoccio” degli occidentali. E vogliono rientrare nella partita per la spartizione del potere. E Trump lo ha accettato. In nome di un nemico comune: lo Stato islamico. Perché a potere e territori  ai Talebani sono i foreign fighters dell’Isis. L’Afghanistan non è l’Iraq o la Siria, dove gli affiliati all’Isis combattono i curdi, i cristiani e gli sciiti. Qui il potere è conteso ad altri sunniti, i Talebani, e più che per conquistare nuovi territori al “califfato”, si combatte per assicurarsi il controllo delle rotte del commercio dei narcotici. La “fabbrica” talebana di oppiacei mantiene salda la prima posizione mondiale, infatti l’eroina afghana raggiunge quasi tutto il globo. 

 Nel gennaio 2017, l’Isis ha annunciato la nascita di una nuova fazione locale in Afghanistan, alla quale hanno velocemente aderito molti fuoriusciti dai talebani: gli afghani di Nangarhar non lo sapevano, ma si trattava proprio dei pakistani rifugiati nelle loro case. Dopo un anno di alleanza con i talebani afghani, in estate, l’Isis è venuto allo scoperto predicando in moschea un islam rigidamente wahabita (lo stesso professato in Arabia Saudita).  A luglio sono cominciati i primi scontri a fuoco tra i talebani afghani e i pakistani, passati all’Isis.   Dopo un mese circa di combattimenti, l’Isis si è impossessato della zona, nonostante gli americani bombardassero sia loro che i talebani. Passando villaggio per villaggio e casa per casa, i jihadisti hanno rubato i mezzi di sostentamento ai residenti, distruggendo scuole e madrasse talebane, imponendo una nuova legge. Le abitazioni dei talebani sono state bruciate e chi veniva sospettato di essere loro alleato è stato rapito e seviziato, Una recente inchiesta della Bbc metteva in evidenza come l’adesione allo Stato islamico fosse divenuta economicamente più appetibile per gli afghani, considerato lo stipendio di 500$ mensili, cui il movimento talebano (in guerra dal 2001) non può sicuramente entrare in concorrenza. Il pericolo di un progressivo sbilanciamento di forze a favore delle bandiere nere era stato denunciato dallo stesso leader Mullah Omar, ora defunto, in una lettera proprio rivolta al Califfo Al-Baghdadi, anche lui passato a miglior vita.  Nella stessa il Mullah intimava il fu Califfo di “non cercare di penetrare in Afghanistan” e che la sua azione stava “pericolosamente dividendo il mondo musulmano. E a rendere ancora più ingovernabile il Paese è la frammentazione etnico-tribale



Maybe letting him out early was a bad idea

Who was the London terrorist who killed two: Khan was one of nine members of an al-Qaida-inspired terror group convicted of plotting to bomb the Stock Exchange and build a terrorist training camp in Pakistan that was disrupted by MI5 and the police. He is also understood to have been a supporter of al-Muhijaroun, the […]

Steve Smith fastest to reach 7,000 Test runs

After a rare dismal show with the bat in the first Test against Pakistan, Australian stalwart Steve Smith got off to a fine start with the bat in the second Test at Adelaide on Saturday to register another world record to his name. Smith, who averages, over 64 in the longer format of the game, […]

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Attachment 2601 ( Looking for the best pharmaceutical jobs in *pharmaceutical...

Social media has taken place of conventional means of news dissemination: DG PBC

A five-day workshop titled Ethics of Social Media Broadcasting concluded at Pakistan Broadcasting Academy in Islamabad on Friday.Addressing the closing ceremony, Director General Radio Pakistan Samina Waqar said social media has taken the place of conv...

Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



Pakistan Foreign Minister to meet Lankan Prez, PM and FM on Monday


Bid to match India's vigorous diplomacy after Gotabaya Rajapaksa's stunning election victory in the Lankan election.

The post Pakistan Foreign Minister to meet Lankan Prez, PM and FM on Monday appeared first on NewsIn.Asia.


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അഡ്ലെയ്ഡ്:ഓസ്ട്രേലിയക്കെതിരായ രണ്ടാം ടെസ്റ്റിൽ പാകിസ്താൻ പൊരുതുന്നു. മൂന്നാം ദിനം കളി നിർത്തുമ്പോൾ പാകിസ്താൻ രണ്ടാം ഇന്നിങ്സിൽ മൂന്നു വിക്കറ്റ് നഷ്ടത്തിൽ 39 റൺസെന്ന നിലയിലാണ്. ഓസീസിന്റെ സ്കോറിനൊപ്പമെത്താൻ പാകിസ്താന് 248 റൺസ് കൂടി വേണം. 14 റൺസുമായി ഷാൻ മസൂദും എട്ട് റൺസോടെ ആസാദ് ഷഫീഖുമാണ് ക്രീസിൽ. ഇമാമുൽ ഹഖ്, അസ്ഹർ അലി, ബാബർ അസം എന്നിവരുടെ വിക്കറ്റുകളാണ് പാകിസ്താന് നഷ്ടമായത്. നേരത്തെ ആദ്യ ഇന്നിങ്സിൽ സെഞ്ചുറി നേടിയ യാസിർ ഷായുടെ പ്രകടനമാണ് പാകിസ്താന്റെ സ്കോർ 300 കടത്തിയത്.യാസിർ ഷായുടെ ക്രിക്കറ്റ് കരിയറിലെ ആദ്യ സെഞ്ചുറിയാണിത്. എട്ടു വിക്കറ്റിന് 194 റൺസെന്ന നിലയിൽ തകർച്ചയിലായിരുന്നു പാകിസ്താൻ. ഒമ്പതാം വിക്കറ്റിൽ യാസിർ ഷായും മുഹമ്മദ് അബ്ബാസും ചേർന്ന് 87 റൺസിന്റെ കൂട്ടുകെട്ടുണ്ടാക്കി. ഏഴാം വിക്കറ്റിലാണ് പാകിസ്താന്റെ ഏറ്റവും മികച്ച കൂട്ടുകെട്ടുണ്ടായത്. യാസിർ ഷായും ബാബർ അസമും ചേർന്ന് 105 റൺസ് കൂട്ടുകെട്ടുണ്ടാക്കി. 213 പന്തിൽ 13 ഫോറിന്റെ സഹായത്തോടെ 113 റൺസാണ് യാസിർ ഷാ നേടിയത്. ബാബർ അസം 97 റൺസ് അടിച്ചു. മറ്റുള്ളവർക്കൊന്നും 30 റൺസിനപ്പുറം സ്കോർ ചെയ്യാനായില്ല. ആറു വിക്കറ്റെടുത്ത മിച്ചൽ സ്റ്റാർക്കും മൂന്നു വിക്കറ്റ് വീഴ്ത്തിയ പാറ്റ് കമ്മിൻസും പാക് ബാറ്റിങ് നിരയെ പിടിച്ചുകെട്ടുകയായിരുന്നു. നേരത്തെ ആദ്യ ഇന്നിങ്സിൽ ഡേവിഡ് വാർണറുടെ ട്രിപ്പിൾ സെഞ്ചുറിയിൽ ഓസീസ് മികച്ച സ്കോർ കണ്ടെത്തിയിരുന്നു. മൂന്നു വിക്കറ്റിന് 589 റൺസ് എന്ന നിലയിൽ ഓസീസ് ആദ്യ ഇന്നിങ്സ് ഡിക്ലയർ ചെയ്യുകയായിരുന്നു. Content Highlights: Australia vs Pakistan Test Cricket Yasir Shah


Menlu Pakistan: Sengketa Kashmir terus membahayakan masa depan seperlima umat manusia

ANKARA ( – Menteri Luar Negeri Pakistan, Shah Mehmood Qureshi, pada Rabu (20/11/2019) mengatakan bahwa langkah ilegal dan sepihak pemerintah India yang diambil di Jammu dan Kashmir yang diduduki pada 5 Agustus telah membawa seluruh wilayah ke jurang bencana kemanusiaan. “Perselisihan Kashmir yang telah berlangsung beberapa dasawarsa terus menimbulkan bayangan tak menyenangkan atas masa depan […]

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Review: 'Hala' — a culturally specific tale with universal appeal


In 'Hala,' a Chicago-area Pakistani American teen balances her desire for freedom with her strict Muslim upbringing.


IELTS (BC) Result 2019 16th November Karachi


If you appeared for IELTS on 16th November you would be thrilled to know that the result for the

The post IELTS (BC) Result 2019 16th November Karachi appeared first on .


Online result announced for IELTS 2019 16th November Karachi


It is a fact that IELTS candidates are sick and tired of taking the exam again and again.

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Check IELTS result for 16th November 2019 Karachi


Result for the 16th November exam has been announced. Pacans Preparation Center would soon be opening its branch

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Islamabad AEO IELTS result for IELTS 16th November exam 2019


AEO stands for Australian Education Office. The candidates for the exam said that the reading section was very difficult.

The post Islamabad AEO IELTS result for IELTS 16th November exam 2019 appeared first on .


Online IELTS Result announced for 16th November 2019 Islamabad on 29th November 2019


Dear students please click on the link below to check the result for the IELTS test which was held on

The post Online IELTS Result announced for 16th November 2019 Islamabad on 29th November 2019 appeared first on .


Result announced for British Council 16th November 2019 Islamabad


Pacans Preparation Center is the official partner of British Council for the preparation of the exam. The exam was held

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Islamabad Check IELTS result for 16th November 2019-29th November 2019


You can go to Fet System or Pacans and find out yourself what people think of Pacans Preparation Center.

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Online result available for 16th November 2019 IELTS exam in Pakistan


Online result for the IELTS would be announced on 16th November 2019. Pacans Preparation Center has been providing the tuition

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16th November 2019 AEO IELTS Result announced Pakistan


AEO stands for Australian Education Office. AEO has announced that the result would be announced on 16th November and

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IELTS (BC) Result 2019 16th November Pakistan 29th November 2019


We would like to confirm the news that the result for the 16th November IELTS test would be announced

The post IELTS (BC) Result 2019 16th November Pakistan 29th November 2019 appeared first on .


Mumbai 26/11: Revisiting the night of terror


Mumbai/New Delhi: Terror struck Mumbai on the night of November 26, 2008, when 10 Kalashnikov-wielding terrorists from Pakistan attacked India’s commercial capital, striking simultaneously at five major locations, and shooting dead 166 people, including many foreign nationals. The 10 Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists had traveled from Karachi to Mumbai on a fishing trawler they had hijacked. They […]

The post Mumbai 26/11: Revisiting the night of terror appeared first on KalingaTV.


Australia v Pakistan: Hosts cruising after historic David Warner triple century - The Australian

  1. Australia v Pakistan: Hosts cruising after historic David Warner triple century  The Australian
  2. Australia vs Pakistan Second Test talking points: Mitchell Starc, Tim Paine follow on
  3. 'Made to be broken': Opinions split over Warner's record innings  Yahoo Sport Australia
  4. Australia vs Pakistan Day 3: Test Cricket live scores, stream, how to watch  Courier Mail
  5. The ‘original’ David Warner predicted Aussie’s Test greatness  Courier Mail
  6. View full coverage on Google News


Going somewhere? Don't bring HIV home from your holiday… - Mirage News

  1. Going somewhere? Don't bring HIV home from your holiday…  Mirage News
  2. HIV diagnosis rates for straight men in WA now greater than for gay men  ABC News
  3. Stigma is still slowing progress of treatment for HIV/AIDS  The Age
  4. On World AIDS Day, a look at treatment advances and health inequalities  PBS NewsHour
  6. View full coverage on Google News


Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



Office boy

required to join immediately for our company Selected candidates responsibility to maintain cleanliness Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine. Salary 1,500 to 1,800 plus accommodation and transportation 050 1578277 050 7849104...

hotel staff urgent for a 5 star hotel in dubai

Bell boy Room Boy Room Attendant Housekeeping Attendant Housekeeping Staff Asian nationality male and female, from indian Pakistan Nepal sri lanka and Philippine .applicant who is trust worthy and presentable are highly recommended. 1500 to 2000 plus ac......


looking for Storekeeper, for immediately hiring who can supervise the store, and maintain the good quality of stock. any nationality for male candidate only, from Asian nationality indian Pakistan Nepal srilanka and philipine salary range 2000 to 3000 plu......

Walk in interview for storekeeper

▲Walk in interview for storekeeper ▲Knowledge on Warehousing and Inventory System, ▲knowledge in computer, ▲ Smart with high attention to details, ▲good knowledge in English. ▲Asian nationality from Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Srilanka and Phi......

General Helper

We need (5nos) of general helper for a supermarket located in Dubai UAE. Male Indian Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Must be hardworking. Salary starts from 1000 to 1200 plus the overtime. Accommodation and transportation will be given by the compa......

Light Driver

We need driver from Asian nationality (Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lankan and Philippine ) Pakistan that came from Pathan please don’t apply For a company in Dubai UAE Salary starts from 1800 to 2500 plus accommodation & transportation & medical & vis......

Walk in interview for construction staff

 Mason, Helper, Electrician, Carpenter, painter, Plumber, Ac technician, driver, Fabricator, Welder, Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine.  For a Contraction company in Al Qouz 4 Dubai Salarystarts from 1500 to 2000 depends on the posit......


We need (5nos) of helper loading / unloading of materials to work in a warehouse located in Dubai UAE. Male Indian Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Must be hardworking. Salary starts from 1000 to 1200 plus the overtime. Accommodation and transportat......

Restaurant Supervisor

Open to Asian nationality from Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lank and Philippine Salary starts from 2500 to 3500 plus accommodation and transportation. Male candidate only. Maintain all hotel equipment’s and records and ensure compliance to all standard......

Packing helper

Must ne Energetic and hard working candidate we From Asian nationality Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine Visit visa, Employment visa, Cancelled visa and any kind of visa can apply Must be inside UAE Salary Negotiable depends on position A......

Customer Services Receptionist and Sales

We're looking for a Customer Services Executive receptionist for a dynamic company in Dubai. Asian nationality Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine call 055 9708281 058 9736973 customer service executive to come on board who is very pr......

General Helper

Male from Asian nationality INDIAN PAKISTAN NEPAL SRI LANKA PHILIPPINE Activeand energetic, salary 1000 to 1500 plus accommodation and transportation. Please come for the walk in interview bring CV and visa. Starting 09:00am to 07:00pm For location pleas......


We need Asian male of female secretary Preferably from India Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Ability to work independently & as a part of a cross functional team Strong attention to detail & commitment to producing accurate & high quality work E......

Restaurant Staff Required

Waiter (3) Waitress (3) Kitchen Helper (5) Cook / Chef (2) Cleaner (2) Cashier (1) Preferably from Asian nationality male and female From India Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Salary will be discussed during the interview plus accommodation and tr......

Front Desk Receptionist

Asian nationality male and female who is highly motivated, From India Pakistan Nepal Sri Lanka & Philippine. Active and easy to learn and able to work independently As well as within a team, With exceptional customer service skills. Can understand, ana......

Office boy

Organizing & coordinating skills Ability to take initiative & make decisions Making tea and coffee. Open to Asian nationality from Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lankan and Philippine Send CV or call for face to face interview 050 3432855 055 9435162...

Sales and marketing Executive

Dear Job Seekers We have walk in interview start from 9:00am to 07:00pm for the post of Sales and Marketing Executive. We need from Asian nationality Indian, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri lanka and Philippine lady and Gents with A highly motivated and energetic p......

Packing helper

Asian nationality, active and energetic, salary 1500 to 2000 plus accommodation an transportation, Please come for the walk in interview bring cv and visa. Asian nationality, Indian, Nepal, Sri lanka, Pakistan and Philipine 055 9435162 050 1815984...

Contra los clichés, convivencia: una encuesta muestra los prejuicios de los vascos hacia los migrantes


"El mejor antídoto contra los estereotipos es la convivencia". Esta frase es de Beatriz Otero, profesora de Sociología y miembro del Observatorio Vasco de la Inmigración-Ikuspegi. Este organismo ha presentado este martes un informe que repasa los prejuicios de las vascos hacia los migrantes. El 65,6% de los vascos cree, por ejemplo, que los migrantes son más machistas que las autóctonos.

Según el informe, que ha sido presentado este martes por la viceconsejera de Políticas Sociales del Gobierno Vasco, Lide Amilibia y la profesora de Sociología y miembro de Ikuspegi, Beatriz Otero, la sociedad vasca comienza a integrar la diversidad y no ve la inmigración como un problema.

Aun así, todavía más de la mitad de los encuestados (un 52,9%) son partidarios de limitar la entrada solo a personas que tengan un contrato de trabajo. El contrato es el "elemento clave" sobre el que deben pivotar, según los encuestados, las políticas de acceso a derechos y servicios, y a la situación administrativa regular. 

Estos datos se han obtenido tras encuestar a 600 personas sobre cuestiones como derechos, servicios, trabajo y políticas migratorias en relación con los inmigrantes. "A medida que vamos conviviendo más con personas de otros orígenes, los estereotipos van disminuyendo", ha afirmado Otero. 

La profesora de Sociología ha querido recalcar que una de las razones por las que la sociedad vasca es más abierta en estos temas en comparación con otros territorios, es porque los políticos vascos, "a diferencia de partidos populistas que han sabido jugar bien con el miedo y la inseguridad", no han utilizado el tema de la inmigración en sus discursos. Además, ha querido destacar el sistema de protección social de Euskadi, ya que, "cuando las personas se sienten protegidas, son más tolerantes y abiertas".

Restaurantes sí, templos no 

Otro dato llamativo: mientras el 73,5% de los encuestados está a favor de que las personas de origen extranjero abran restaurantes de comida exótica en Euskadi, cuando se trata de construir templos para sus religiones, hablen entre sí su propio idioma o vistan como en su país de origen, la tolerancia desciende. Solo un 38,6% está completamente a favor de la construcción de templos, un 53,7% se muestra de acuerdo con que hablen su idioma de origen y a un 38% le parece mal que vistan como en su país. 

Entre los tipos de vestimenta que toleran peor los encuestados se encuentran el burka (con un rechazo del 84,3%), el nicab (con una oposición del 80,1%) y el chador. Por el otro lado se encuentran la túnica (con una aceptación del 80,6%), el kipá y el hiyab. El rechazo a estas prendas y cultura se reflejan también en las preguntas relacionadas con el grado de simpatía hacia las personas de diferentes nacionalidades que llegan a Euskadi, siendo Marruecos, Argelia y Magreb los países "menos amistosos" para los vascos y los orígenes pakistaní, rumano y magrebí, los más rechazados.

Respecto a cuestiones como las personas refugiadas o los menores extranjeros no acompañados, temas en los últimos tiempos de gran impacto social y mediático, la sociedad vasca continúa mostrando una actitud abierta en la línea marcada en los últimos años. 


विराट कोहली को आया गुस्सा, बोले- अनुष्का का नाम बीच में क्यों घसीटते हो


नयी दिल्ली। भारतीय कप्तान विराट कोहली ने पूर्व खिलाड़ी फारूख इंजीनियर के दावे पर चुप्पी तोड़ते हुए शनिवार को कहा कि उनकी पत्नी और अभिनेत्री अनुष्का शर्मा आसान निशाना बनती हैं। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: BCCI की बैठक में राजस्थान क्रिकेट संघ को सौंपी गई प्रशासनिक शक्ति

इंजीनियर ने हाल में पांच सदस्यीय चयन पैनल का उपहास करते हुए कहा था कि उन्होंने इनमें से एक को अनुष्का को इंग्लैंड में विश्व कप के दौरान चाय परोसते हुए देखा था। कोहली इन आरोपों से काफी हैरान थे और उन्होंने कहा कि अनुष्का का नाम इसमें घसीटना सही नहीं था। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: पेस ने अपना डेविस कप रिकॉर्ड किया बेहतर, पाकिस्तान पर भारत को मिली बढ़त

कोहली ने इंडिया टुडे से कहा कि वह श्रीलंका के खिलाफ एक विश्व कप मैच के लिये आयी थी और फैमिली बाक्स व चयनकर्ता बाक्स अलग था और उस समय बाक्स में कोई चयनकर्ता नहीं था। वह दो दोस्तों के साथ आयीं। जैसा कि मैंने कहा कि वह मशहूर है और जब लोग उसका नाम लेते हैं तो सभी का ध्यान इस पर जाता है। उन्होंने कहा कि जब आप चयनकर्ताओं के बारे में कुछ जिक्र करना चाहते तो ऐसा करो लेकिन अनुष्का का नाम इसमें क्यों घसीटो। 


डेविस कप मुकाबले में भारत ने पाकिस्तान को दी 4-0 से मात


नूर सुल्तान। अनुभवी टेनिस स्टार लिएंडर पेस ने अपना डेविस कप रिकार्ड बेहतर करते हुए जीवन नेदुंचेझियान के साथ अपना 44वां युगल मैच जीता जबकि भारत ने पाकिस्तान को 4.0 से हराकर 2020 क्वालीफायर में जगह बना ली। पाकिस्तान के मोहम्मद शोएब और हुफैजा अब्दुल रहमान की जोड़ी पेस और जीवन के आगे टिक नहीं सकी। उन्होंने सिर्फ 53 मिनट में 6.1, 6.3 से जीत दर्ज की। पिछले साल अपना 43वां युगल मैच जीतकर डेविस कप के इतिहास में सफलतम खिलाड़ी बने पेस ने इटली के निकोला पी को पछाड़ा था। पेस ने 56वें मुकाबले में 43वीं जीत दर्ज की थी जबकि निकोला ने 66 में से 42 मैच जीते। 

पेस ने कहा कि यह मेरी 44वीं जीत है लेकिन पहली जीत की तरह लगती है। मेरी सभी जीत विशेष हैं। रिकार्ड में भारत को जगह दिलाना मेरे लिए विशेष है और इसे लेकर मेरे अंदर जुनून है। जीवन अपना पहला मैच खेल रहा था और सीनियर साथी होने के कारण मैंने यह दबाव अपने कंधों पर लिया। पेस ने जीवन की तारीफ करते हुए कहा कि जीवन देश के लिए खेलने में फख्र महसूस करता है। ये लड़के मुझे युवा, तरोताजा और उत्साहित बनाये रखते हैं। मैं उनके साथ सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रदर्शन कर पाता हूं। पेस का 44 जीत का रिकार्ड जल्दी टूट पाना संभव नहीं क्योंकि उनके अलावा कोई मौजूदा युगल खिलाड़ी शीर्ष 10 में नहीं है। बेलारूस के मैक्स मिरनी तीसरे नंबर पर हैं जिनके नाम 36 जीत दर्ज है लेकिन वह 2018 से टूर पर नहीं खेल रहे हैं।

इसे भी पढ़ें: पेस ने अपना डेविस कप रिकॉर्ड किया बेहतर, पाकिस्तान पर भारत को मिली बढ़त

पेस युगल मुकाबले में जीत के मामले में भले ही शीर्ष पर हों लेकिन यह दिग्गज भारतीय कुल जीत के मामले में पांचवें स्थान पर हैं। उन्होंने 92 मैचों में जीत दर्ज की है जबकि 35 में उन्हें हार का सामना करना पड़ा। इस भारतीय खिलाड़ी के नाम पर अब कुल 92 जीत दर्ज हैं जिसमें एकल की 48 जीत भी शामिल हैं। एक और जीत के साथ पेस स्पेन के मैनुएल सेंटाना को पीछे छोड़ देंगे जिनका जीत-हार का रिकार्ड 92-28 है। उलट एकल में सुमित नागल ने युसूफ खलील को 6.1, 6.0 से मात दी। दोनों टीमों ने बेमानी हो चुका पांचवां मुकाबला नहीं खेलने का फैसला किया । पहले तीन मैच जीतने पर भी टीम के लिये चौथा मैच खेलना जरूरी था लेकिन नियम पांचवां मैच छोड़ने की इजाजत देते हैं।

इसे भी पढ़ें: नडाल के शानदार प्रदर्शन के दम पर स्पेन ने रूस को हराया

नागल ने जीत दर्ज करने के बाद कहा कि यह आसान जीत थी, मैं समझ सकता हूं कि वे युवा खिलाड़ी हैं, उन्हें अनुभव की जरूरत है। आज मेरा साल का अंतिम मैच था और मैं शिकायत नहीं करूंगा। यह साल मेरे लिए शानदार रहा। भारत ने फरवरी 2014 के बाद पहली बार किसी मुकाबले में सारे मैच जीते हैं। उस समय इंदौर में भारत ने चीनी ताइपै को 5 . 0 से हराया था। भारत के गैर खिलाड़ी कप्तान रोहित राजपाल ने जीत को देश के सैन्य बलों को समर्पित किया। महेश भूपति के स्थान पर कप्तान बनाए गए राजपाल ने कहा, ‘‘हमने आपस में इस बारे में बात की और हमारा मानना है कि हम इस जीत को सैन्य बलों को समर्पित करना चाहते हैं, विशेषकर उन परिवारों को जिन्होंने हमारे परिवारों की रक्षा करते हुए सीमा पर अपने परिवार के सदस्यों को गंवाया है। इसलिए हम यह जीत भारतीय सेना को समर्पित करते हैं।

इसे भी पढ़ें: नडाल के शानदार प्रदर्शन के दम पर स्पेन ने रूस को हराया

अब क्वालीफायर्स में भारत का सामना क्रोएशिया से होगा और यह मुकाबला 6.7 मार्च को खेला जायेगा। डेविस कप फाइनल्स में 12 क्वालीफाइंग स्थानों के लिये 24 टीमें आपस में भिड़ेंगी। हारने वाली 12 टीमें सितंबर 2020 में विश्व ग्रुप वन खेलेगी। विजेता टीमें फाइनल्स में खेलेंगी जिसके लिये कनाडा, ब्रिटेन, रूस, स्पेन, फ्रांस और सर्बिया पहले ही क्वालीफाई कर चुके हैं। तीसरे मैच में हुफैजा और शोएब ने पहले गेम में सर्विस बरकरार रखी लेकिन भारतीय जोड़ी ने तीसरे गेम में उनकी सर्विस तोड़कर 3.1 से बढत बना ली। पांचवें गेम में फिर उनकी सर्विस तोड़कर पेस और जीवन ने दबाव बनाया। जीवन ने 30 . 15 पर डबल फाल्ट किया लेकिन पाकिस्तानी खिलाड़ी दबाव नहीं बना सके और भारत ने बढत बना ली। पहला सेट जीतने के बाद भारतीयों ने दूसरा सेट भी आसानी से जीत लिया। 


BCCI AGM में लोढ़ा सुधारों में ढिलाई, सीएसी की नियुक्ति होंगे मुख्य मुद्दे


मुंबई। पूर्व कप्तान सौरव गांगुली की अध्यक्षता में बीसीसीआई रविवार को जब यहां अपनी पहली वार्षिक आम बैठक का आयोजन करेगा तो इसमें उच्चतम न्यायालय द्वारा स्वीकृत कुछ सुधारवादी कदमों में ढिलाई बरतने, क्रिकेट सलाहकार समिति (सीएसी) जैसी क्रिकेट समितियों का गठन और आईसीसी में बोर्ड का प्रतिनिधि नियुक्त करने पर चर्चा होगी। उच्चतम न्यायालय द्वारा नियुक्त प्रशासकों की समिति (सीओए) ने 33 महीने तक बीसीसीआई का संचालन किया जिसके बाद पिछले महीने गांगुली की अगुआई में नए पदाधिकारियों ने प्रभार संभाला।

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बीसीसीआई अगर लोढा समिति के सुधारवादी कदमों में ढिलाई देता है तो गांगुली का नौ महीने का मौजूदा कार्यकाल बढ़ सकता है। लोढा समिति के सुधारवादी कदमों को उच्चतम न्यायालय से स्वीकृति मिली हुई है। एजीएम के लिए जारी एजेंडा में बीसीसीआई के मौजूदा संविधान में अहम बदलाव का प्रस्ताव रखा गया है। उच्चतम न्यायालय द्वारा स्वीकृत मौजूद संविधान के अनुसार अगर कोई पदाधिकारी बीसीसीआई या राज्य संघ में तीन साल के दो कार्यकाल पूरा कर लेता है तो उसे तीन साल का अनिवार्य ब्रेक लेना होगा।

इसे भी पढ़ें: रहकीम कॉर्नवाल की दमदार गेंदबाजी ने उड़ाए अफगानिस्तान के होश, वेस्टइंडीज जीता

मौजूदा पदाधिकारी चाहते हैं कि यह अनिवार्य ब्रेक बोर्ड और राज्य संघ में दो कार्यकाल अलग अलग पूरे करने पर हो। अगर यह प्रस्ताव तीन-चौथाई बहुमत से पारित होता है तो गांगुली और सचिव जय शाह का कार्यकाल बढ़ जाएगा। बीसीसीआई के कोषाध्यक्ष अरूण धूमल ने बताया कि सभी प्रस्तावित संशोधनों का लक्ष्य बोर्ड के ढांचे को मजबूत करना है और उच्चतम न्यायालय से स्वीकृति मिलने पर ही इसे लागू किया जाएगा।

इसे भी पढ़ें: मानसिक स्वास्थ्य को बैलेंस करना खिलाड़ियों के लिए एक बड़ा चैलेंज: राहुल द्रविड़

हालांकि अब प्रस्ताव दिया गया है भविष्य में एजीएम में तीन-चौथाई बहुमत ही संविधान में किसी संशोधन को स्वीकृत देने के लिए पर्याप्त होगा क्योंकि उच्चतम न्यायालय की स्वीकृति लेना व्यावारिक नहीं होगा जो मौजूदा संविधान के अनुसार जरूरी है। पिछले तीन साल में प्रशासनिक संकट के कारण आईसीसी में बीसीसीआई का रुतबा काफी कम हुआ है और ऐसे में बोर्ड ने प्रस्ताव रखा है कि वैश्विक संस्था में अनुभवी व्यक्ति बीसीसीआई का प्रतिनिधित्व करे और इसके लिए 70 साल की आयु सीमा का नियम लागू नहीं हो।

इसे भी पढ़ें: पाकिस्तान महिला क्रिकेट टीम की कप्तान ने भारत को दी यह नसीहत

ऐसी स्थिति में पूर्व अध्यक्ष एन श्रीनिवासन के बीसीसीआई की ओर से आईसीसी बैठक में हिस्सा लेने का रास्ता साफ हो सकता है। श्रीनिवासन को 2013 में खेल को झकझोरने वाले स्पाट फिक्सिंग प्रकरण के सामने आने के बाद पद छोड़ने के लिए बाध्य होना पड़ा था। बीसीसीआई ने कहा कि आईसीसी में लगातार कमजोर हुए बीसीसीआई के हितों को बचाने के लिए मोलभाव और अन्य सदस्यों देशों से निजी बातचीत का अनुभव रखने वाले व्यक्ति को प्रतिनिधि बनाया जाना चाहिए।

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मौजूदा संविधान के अनुसार नौ सदस्यीय शीर्ष परिषद का सूत्रधार सीईओ है लेकिन मौजूदा पदाधिकारी चाहते हैं कि यह भूमिका सचिव निभाउए जिससे कि उसे अधिक अधिकार मिलें। शीर्ष पदाधिकारी साथ ही चाहते हैं कि सीईओ सचिव के अंतर्गत काम करें। एजीएम में पिछले तीन वित्तीय वर्ष के खातों को भी स्वीकृति दी जाएगी। क्रिकेट से जुड़े फैसलों के तहत क्रिकेट सलाहकार समिति सहित विभिन्न समितियों की एजीएम के दौरान नियुक्ति होगी।

इसे भी पढ़ें: राहुल द्रविड़ ने जताई निराशा, कहा- IPL में भारतीय कोच की भागीदारी कम क्यों?

सचिन तेंदुलकर, वीवीएस लक्ष्मण और गांगुली के सीएसी में अपनी भूमिका छोड़ने के बाद कपिल देव, शांता रंगास्वामी और अंशुमन गायकवाड़ ने पुरुष टीम के मुख्य कोच की नियुक्ति की थी। इस पद के लिए रवि शास्त्री का अनुबंध बढ़ाया गया था। रंगास्वामी और गायकवाड़ अब भारतीय क्रिकेटर्स संघ के प्रतिनिधि के रूप में शीर्ष परिषद का हिस्सा हैं। चयन समिति की नियुक्ति सीएसी का विशेषाधिकार है। इसलिए यह देखना रोचक होगा कि किसी प्रतिष्ठित पूर्व क्रिकेटर को इस समिति का हिस्सा बनाया जाता है। नए लोकपाल और आचरण अधिकारी की भी नियुक्ति की जाएगी। ये दो भूमिकाएं न्यायमूर्ति (सेवानिवृत्त) डीके जैन निभा रहे थे जिनका कार्यकाल फरवरी में खत्म हो गया था।

इसे भी पढ़ें: विजयरथ पर सवार भारतीय टीम के लिए क्या है अगला लक्ष्य ?

एजीएम में हितों के टकराव के विवादास्पद मुद्दे पर भी चर्चा होने की उम्मीद है। गांगुली पहले ही कह चुके हैं कि यह भारतीय क्रिकेट के सामने सबसे गंभीर मुद्दों में से एक है। कई पूर्व खिलाड़ियों ने हितों के टकराव मुद्दे पर नाखुशी जाहिर की है। सीओए ने भी अपनी अंतिम स्थिति रिपोर्ट में इसमें बदलाव की मांग की थी। इस बीच समझा जा रहा है कि उपाध्यक्ष अमोल काले एजीएम में एमसीए का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे जबकि तमिलनाडु क्रिकेट संघ का प्रतिनिधित्व सचिव आरएस रामास्वामी या अध्यक्ष रूपा गुरुनाथ कर सकते हैं। रूपा श्रीनिवासन की बेटी हैं। बंगाल क्रिकेट संघ का प्रतिनिधित्व उसके सचिव अविषेक डालमिया करेंगे।


रहकीम कॉर्नवाल की दमदार गेंदबाजी ने उड़ाए अफगानिस्तान के होश, वेस्टइंडीज जीता


लखनऊ। वेस्‍टइंडीज ने अपने ऑलराउंड खेल की बदौलत अफगानिस्‍तान को चारों खाने चित करते हुए दौरे का एकमात्र टेस्‍ट तीसरे दिन के शुरूआती सत्र में ही नौ विकेट से जीत लिया। लखनऊ स्थित अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी इकाना स्‍टेडियम में पहली पारी में 90 रन से पिछड़े अफगानिस्‍तान ने तीसरे दिन सात विकेट पर 109 रन के आगे खेलना शुरू किया और उसके बाकी तीन विकेट 7.1 ओवर में मात्र 11 रन और जोड़कर कुल 120 के स्‍कोर पर गिर गये। ये तीनों विकेट कैरेबियाई कप्‍तान जेसन होल्‍डर ने लिये।

वेस्‍टइंडीज को जीत के लिये 31 रन का लक्ष्‍य मिला जो उसने 6.2 ओवर में क्रेग ब्रेथवेट (08) का विकेट खोकर बना लिये। जॉन कैम्‍पबेल 19 और शाई होप 06 रन बनाकर नाबाद रहे। अफगानिस्‍तान की तरफ से एकमात्र विकेट पदार्पण टेस्‍ट खेल रहे अमीर हमजा ने लिया। मैच में कुल 10 विकेट लेने वाले ऑफ स्पिनर रहकीम कॉर्नवाल को ‘मैन ऑफ द मैच’ चुना गया। वैसे, अफगानिस्‍तान की हार की पटकथा तो मैच के दूसरे ही दिन लिख गयी थी, जब दूसरी पारी में अच्‍छी शुरुआत के बाद उसके सात विकेट महज 107 पर गिर गये थे। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: मानसिक स्वास्थ्य को बैलेंस करना खिलाड़ियों के लिए एक बड़ा चैलेंज: राहुल द्रविड़

अफगानिस्‍तान के पहली पारी के 187 रनों के जवाब में वेस्‍टइंडीज ने ब्रुक्‍स के शतक (111) के बूते 277 रन बनाकर 90 रन की महत्‍वपूर्ण बढ़त ले ली थी। उसके बाद कैरेबियाई स्पिन गेंदबाजों रोस्‍टन चेज और पहली पारी के हीरो रहे रहकीम कॉर्नवाल ने तीन-तीन विकेट झटक कर अफगानिस्‍तान को हार की तरफ धकेल दिया था। जीत के बाद कैरेबियाई कप्‍तान होल्‍डर ने कहा कि उन्‍हें जीत के साथ इस साल को विदा करने पर खुशी हो रही है।

इसे भी पढ़ें: पाकिस्तान महिला क्रिकेट टीम की कप्तान ने भारत को दी यह नसीहत

खासतौर पर कॉर्नवाल और ब्रुक्‍स ने शानदार प्रदर्शन किया। अफगान कप्‍तान राशिद खान ने कहा कि उनकी टीम टेस्‍ट क्रिकेट में खासकर बल्‍लेबाजी के क्षेत्र में संघर्ष कर रही है। टीम को सिर्फ इसी क्षेत्र में सुधार करने की जरूरत है। अगर यह हो गया तो अफगानिस्‍तान बड़ी टीमों को भी टक्‍कर देगी। अफगानिस्‍तान के लिये टेस्‍ट क्रिकेट अभी नया है। हम जितने ज्‍यादा टेस्‍ट और वनडे खेलेंगे, उतने ही बेहतर होते जाएंगे।


मानसिक स्वास्थ्य को बैलेंस करना खिलाड़ियों के लिए एक बड़ा चैलेंज: राहुल द्रविड़


नयी दिल्ली। भारत के पूर्व कप्तान और चैम्पियन बल्लेबाज राहुल द्रविड़ का मानना है कि क्रिकेट जैसे कठिन खेल में मानसिक स्वास्थ्य बनाये रखना बड़ी चुनौती है और खिलाड़ियों को व्यस्त कार्यक्रम और अनिश्चित भविष्य के तनाव से निपटने के लिये संतुलन बनाना चाहिये। ईएसपीएन क्रिकइन्फो से बातचीत में द्रविड़ ने कहा कि क्रिकेट से दूर रहकर सामंजस्य बिठाना कठिन होता है। उन्होंने कहा कि यह बड़ी चुनौती है। क्रिकेट कठिन खेल है। इतनी प्रतिस्पर्धा और दबाव है और लड़के साल भर खेलते हैं। कई बार इस खेल में आपको इंतजार करना होता है और सोचने का काफी समय होता है।

इसे भी पढ़ें: पहले टी20 मैच के बाद भ्रष्टाचार के आरोपों का जवाब देंगे HCA अध्यक्ष अजहरूद्दीन

ग्लेन मैक्सवेल और युवा विल पुकोस्वस्की समेत तीन ऑस्ट्रेलियाई क्रिकेटरों ने मानसिक स्वास्थ्य का हवाला देकर खेल से ब्रेक लिया है।राष्ट्रीय क्रिकेट अकादमी के निदेशक द्रविड़ ने कहा कि कड़ी प्रतिस्पर्धा के बीच खिलाड़ियों को अपने स्वास्थ्य का ध्यान रखना चाहिये। उन्होंने कहा कि आपको मैदान के भीतर और बाहर अपने स्वास्थ्य का ध्यान रखना होगा। संतुलन बनाये रखना जरूरी है। सफलता मिलने पर बहुत रोमांचित न हों और नाकाम रहने पर निराश भी नहीं हो।

इसे भी पढ़ें: पाकिस्तान महिला क्रिकेट टीम की कप्तान ने भारत को दी यह नसीहत

द्रविड़ ने कहा कि वह एनसीए में ऐसी व्यवस्था बनाना चाहते हैं कि जरूरत पड़ने पर खिलाड़ी को पेशेवर मदद मिल सके। उन्होंने कहा कि अभी काम चल रहा है और ऐसा समय आयेगा जब जरूरत पड़ने पर हर खिलाड़ी को पेशेवर मदद मिल सकेगी। कई मसलों से कोच या हम पार नहीं पा सकते। ऐसे में पेशेवरों की मदद जरूरी होती है। जनवरी फरवरी में होने वाले अंडर 19 विश्व कप के बारे में उन्होंने कहा कि जो टीम में नहीं चुने जायें, उनके लिये रास्ते खत्म नहीं होते। इसी तरह टीम में जगह पाने वालों को यह नहीं मान लेना चाहिये कि उनका सीनियर टीम में चयन तय है। भारतीय तेज गेंदबाजों की तारीफ करते हुए उन्होंने कहा कि ईशांत, शमी, उमेश, भुवनेश्वर और बुमराह युवाओं के लिये रोल माडल बनते जा रहे हैं। पहले भी कपिल, श्रीनाथ और जहीर जेसे गेंदबाज हुए हैं लेकिन एक ईकाई के रूप में यह भारत का सर्वश्रेष्ठ तेज आक्रमण है।


पहले टी20 मैच के बाद भ्रष्टाचार के आरोपों का जवाब देंगे HCA अध्यक्ष अजहरूद्दीन


हैदराबाद। एचसीए अध्यक्ष मोहम्मद अजहरूद्दीन ने गुरूवार को कहा कि वह भारत और वेस्टइंडीज के बीच छह दिसंबर को पहले टी20 मैच की मेजबानी के बाद हैदराबाद क्रिकेट संघ पर लगे भ्रष्टाचार के कथित आरोपों का जवाब देंगे। भारतीय बल्लेबाज अंबाती रायुडू ने हाल ही में एचसीए पर भ्रष्टाचार के आरोप लगाते हुए अजहर से अनुरोध किया था कि वह ‘छंटे हुए धूर्तों से दूर रहे’ और संघ को पाक साफ करें। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: पाकिस्तान महिला क्रिकेट टीम की कप्तान ने भारत को दी यह नसीहत

अजहर ने कहा कि फिलहाल उनका पूरा फोकस मैच पर है और भ्रष्टाचार के मसले पर वह अभी बात नहीं करेंगे। उन्होंने कहा कि हमें टी20 मैच की मेजबानी करनी है और मैं फोकस उसी पर रखना चाहता हूं। मैं चाहता हूं कि आप उस मैच के बारे में ही लिखें। पूर्व कप्तान ने कहा कि मुझे यकीन है कि आप पूरी तैयारी से आये होंगे। छह तारीख के बाद हम एक और प्रेस कांफ्रेंस करेंगे। उसमें मैं बाकी बातों के बारे में जवाब दूंगा।

इसे भी पढ़ें: बुरी तरह फंसे बांग्लादेशी खिलाड़ी सैफ हसन, कोलकाता एयरपोर्ट पर रोका गया

बतौर प्रशासक यह अजहर का पहला मैच होगा जो सितंबर में एचसीए अध्यक्ष बने हैं। उन्होंने कहा कि हम पूरी तरह से तैयार हैं। मैच की मेजबानी करना आसान नहीं है। बतौर प्रशासक यह मेरा पहला मैच है। जब मैं खेलता था तो मैच खेलकर घर या होटल चला जाता था लेकिन यह अलग जिम्मेदारी है। अजहर ने कहा कि वह इस मैच को टी20 प्रारूप में अपने पदार्पण के तौर पर देख रहे हैं। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: संजू सैमसन का चुना जाना ऋषभ पंत के लिए एक खतरे की घंटी: लक्ष्मण

उन्होंने कहा कि मैं टी20 क्रिकेट नहीं खेल सका। उस समय यह होता ही नहीं था। मैं इसे टी20 प्रारूप में पदार्पण के तौर पर देख रहा हूं। खिलाड़ी होना और प्रशासक होना अलग बात है लेकिन मैं अपने पूरे अनुभव का इस्तेमाल करूंगा। इस मौके पर मौजूद बीसीसीआई उपाध्यक्ष जान मनोज ने कहा कि स्टेडियम में मोहम्मद अजहरूद्दीन स्टैंड बनाया जायेगा। 


ICC टेस्ट रैंकिंग में स्मिथ के करीब पहुंचे कोहली, टॉप 10 में अग्रवाल ने भी बनाई जगह


दुबई। भारतीय कप्तान विराट कोहली बांग्लादेश के खिलाफ दिन रात के टेस्ट में शतक जमाकर आईसीसी टेस्ट बल्लेबाजों की रैंकिंग में स्टीव स्मिथ के करीब पहुंच गए जबकि सलामी बल्लेबाज मयंक अग्रवाल पहली बार शीर्ष दस में आ गए।कोहली के 928 रेटिंग अंक हैं जिन्होंने कोलकाता में बांग्लादेश के खिलाफ 136 रन बनाये । उनके और स्टीव स्मिथ के बीच अब तीन अंक का ही अंतर रह गया है।

इसे भी पढ़ें: युवा जोश के साथ पाक के खिलाड़ी स्मिथ और वार्नर के अनुभव को देंगे चुनौती

इंदौर में बांग्लादेश के खिलाफ पहले टेस्ट में दोहरा शतक जमाने वाले अग्रवाल एक पायदान चढकर दसवें स्थान पर पहुंच गए । शीर्ष दस में वह चौथे भारतीय हैं । चेतेश्वर पुजारा (791) चौथे और अजिंक्य रहाणे (759) पांचवें स्थान पर हैं । इंग्लैंड के हरफनमौला बेन स्टोक्स भी तीन पायदान चढकर शीर्ष दस में पहुंच गए । बांग्लादेश के मुशफिकुर रहीम चार पायदान चढकर 26वें स्थान पर हैं जिन्होंने कोलकाता टेस्ट में 74 रन बनाये । 

इसे भी पढ़ें: 15 वर्षीय शेफाली वर्मा का कमाल, तोड़ दिया सचिन तेंदुलकर का रिकॉर्ड

भारतीय तेज गेंदबाज ईशांत शर्मा और उमेश यादव ने कैरियर के सर्वोच्च अंक हासिल किये । ईशांत 716 अंक लेकर 17वें स्थान पर हैं जबकि उमेश 672 अंक के साथ 21वें स्थान पर हैं । स्पिनर आर अश्विन 772 अंक लेकर नौवें स्थान पर हैं । वहीं फिटनेस समस्याओं से जूझ रहे जसप्रीत बुमराह एक पायदान खिसककर पांचवें स्थान पर हैं । रविंद्र जडेजा हरफनमौलाओं की सूची में दूसरे स्थान पर हैं । वेस्टइंडीज के जैसन होल्डर शीर्ष पर हैं । 


हेजलवुड अपने 50वें टेस्ट मैच में गुलाबी गेंद से गेंदबाजी को लेकर उत्सुक


ब्रिस्बेन। आस्ट्रेलिया के तेज गेंदबाज जोश हेजलवुड अपने करियर के 50वें टेस्ट मैच में गुलाबी गेंद से गेंदबाजी करने को लेकर काफी उत्सुक है। पाकिस्तान के खिलाफ शुक्रवार से शुरु हो रहे श्रृंखला का दूसरा मैच एडीलेड में दिन-रात्रि में गुलाबी गेंद से खेला जाएग। ‘एडीलेड ओवल’ मैदान में 28 साल के इस तेज गेंदबाज का रिकार्ड शानदार है जहां उन्होंने चार मैचों में 20.22 की औसत से 22 विकेट लिये है। गुलाबी गेंद से उनकी गेंदबाजी और भी मारक हो जाती है जहां दिन रात्रि प्रारूप में खेले गये तीन मैचों में उन्होंने 19.44 की औसत से 18 विकेट लिये है। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: युवा जोश के साथ पाक के खिलाड़ी स्मिथ और वार्नर के अनुभव को देंगे चुनौती

हेजलवुड ने क्रिकेट डाट काम डाट एयू से कहा, ‘‘ मुझे लगता है कि एडीलेड से मुझे सबसे ज्यादा लगाव है। मुझे वहां अच्छी सफलता मिली है। मुझे लगता है एडीलेड में गुलाबी गेंद का बर्ताव वैसा ही होता है जैसा यहां (ब्रिस्बेन का गाबा मैदान) लाल गेंद का होता है।’’

इसे भी पढ़ें: मानसिक समस्या से जूझ रहे हैं ऑस्ट्रेलिया के ये तीन खिलाड़ी, क्रिकेट से लिया ब्रेक

आईसीसी गेंदबाजों की रैंकिंग में 13वें स्थान पर काबिज इस खिलाड़ी ने कहा, ‘‘गुलाबी गेंद शायद ज्यादा देर तक स्विंग करती है और अगर आपको रात में नयी गेंद मिल जाए तो आप काफी कुछ कर सकते है मिला है। मैं इसके लिए मैदान में उतरने को उत्सुक हूं। मैं श्रीलंका के खिलाफ पिछले साल यहां खेलने से चूक गया था, इसलिए मैं गुलाबी गेंद से गेंदबाजी करने का इंतजार कर रहा हूं।’’


बीबीएल में मेलबर्न रेनेगेड्स के कोच बने आस्ट्रेलिया के पूर्व माइकल क्लिंगर


मेलबर्न। आस्ट्रेलिया के पूर्व टी20 बल्लेबाज माइकल क्लिंगर को बिग बैश लीग टी20 टूर्नामेंट के आगामी सत्र के लिए मेलबर्न रेनेगेड्स का कोच बनाया गया है। क्लिंगर ने पिछले सत्र में बीबीएल से संन्यास ले लिया था। वह बीबीएल के इतिहास के सबसे सफल बल्लेबाज हैं। इस टी20 टूर्नामेंट में उनके नाम पर आठ सत्र में एक शतक और 12 अर्धशतक की मदद से 1947 रन दर्ज हैं। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: युवा जोश के साथ पाक के खिलाड़ी स्मिथ और वार्नर के अनुभव को देंगे चुनौती

ईएसपीएनक्रिकइंफो की खबर के अनुसार एडिलेड स्ट्राइकर्स और पर्थ स्कोरचर्स का भी हिस्सा रह चुके 39 बरस के क्लिंगर एंड्रयू मैकडोनाल्ड की जगह लेंगे जिन्हें आस्ट्रेलिया का सहायक कोच नियुक्त किया गया है। मैकडोनाल्ड के मार्गदर्शन में रेनेगेड्स ने बीबीएल खिताब जीता था। क्लिंगर भी जस्टिन लैंगर के मार्गदर्शन में स्कोरचर्स के साथ दो खिताब जीत चुके हैं।

इसे भी पढ़ें: हरभजन को खेलने में होती थी मुश्किल, गिलक्रिस्ट ने करार दिया कठिनतम प्रतिद्वंद्वी

एक दशक से अधिक समय तक घरेलू क्रिकेट में सभी प्रारूपों में दबदबा बनाने वाले क्लिंगर 2017 में आस्ट्रेलिया के लिए तीन टी20 अंतरराष्ट्रीय मैच खेले। क्लिंगर को मुख्य कोच के पद पर इससे पहले कोई अनुभव नहीं है। उन्होंने हालांकि कप्तानी का काफी अनुभव है और वह इंग्लैंड में टी20 ब्लास्ट में पिछले चार सत्र ग्लास्टरशर के कप्तान रहे। उन्होंने इस टीम के बल्लेबाजी सलाहकार के रूप में भी काम किया। क्लिंगर ने कहा, ‘‘मौजूदा बीबीएल चैंपियन टीम को कोचिंग देने का मौका मिलना बड़े सम्मान की बात है।’’


दलीप ट्राफी में टीम भावना का अभाव, उम्मीद है कि गांगुली इसमें सुधार करेंगे : तेंदुलकर


कोलकाता। चैम्पियन क्रिकेटर सचिन तेंदुलकर का मानना है कि दलीप ट्राफी में खिलाड़ियों का ध्यान टीम से अधिक व्यक्तिगत प्रदर्शन पर रहता है और बीसीसीआई अध्यक्ष सौरव गांगुली को इसमें बदलाव करना चाहिये। तेंदुलकर ने प्रेस ट्रस्ट से कहा ,‘‘ मैं चाहता हूं कि गांगुली दलीप ट्राफी को देखें। यह ऐसा टूर्नामेंट है कि खिलाड़ी अपने प्रदर्शन और अगले टूर्नामेंट पर ज्यादा फोकस करते हैं और उसी के अनुसार खेलते हैं।’’

इसे भी पढ़ें: युवा जोश के साथ पाक के खिलाड़ी स्मिथ और वार्नर के अनुभव को देंगे चुनौती

उन्होंने कहा ,‘‘ यदि आईपीएल की नीलामी है या टी20 टूर्नामेंट या वनडे है तो खिलाड़ी उसी तरह से खेलते हैं । वे टीम के लिये नहीं खेलते । इस पर ध्यान देने की जरूरत है।’’ दलीप ट्राफी पांच टीमों का क्षेत्रीय टूर्नामेंट था लेकिन अब इसमें इंडिया ब्लू, इंडिया ग्रीन और इंडिया रेड टीमें राउंड राबिन प्रारूप में खेलती हैं। तेंदुलकर ने कहा ,‘‘ मैं इसमें बदलाव देखना चाहता हूं क्योंकि क्रिकेट हमेशा से टीम का खेल रहा है। यह टीम भावना और एक टीम के रूप में साथ खेलने को लेकर है । इसमें व्यक्तिगत प्रदर्शन पर फोकस नहीं रहना चाहिये ।’’

इसे भी पढ़ें: हरभजन को खेलने में होती थी मुश्किल, गिलक्रिस्ट ने करार दिया कठिनतम प्रतिद्वंद्वी

उन्होंने कहा कि इसे रणजी ट्राफी फाइनल के तुरंत बाद खेला जाना चाहिये और उन चार टीमों के बीच होना चाहिये जो सेमीफाइनल तक पहुंची हैं और पूरा सत्र साथ में खेलती हैं । उन्होंने कहा ,‘‘ शीर्ष चार रणजी टीमों के साथ दो और टीमें इसमें हों क्योंकि ऐसी कई टीमें होंगी जिनमें प्रतिभाशाली खिलाड़ी होंगे लेकिन क्वालीफाई नहीं कर पाती । अंडर 19, अंडर 23 अलग अलग टीमों से इन खिलाड़ियों को लिया जा सकता है ।’’


यासिर ने स्मिथ को आउट करके किया था सात उंगली का इशारा, अब मिला करारा जवाब


एडीलेड। लेग स्पिनर यासिर शाह के सात उंगली वाले इशारे ने आस्ट्रेलिया के दिग्गज बल्लेबाज स्टीव स्मिथ को इस पाकिस्तानी गेंदबाज के खिलाफ बेहतर प्रदर्शन करने के लिए प्रेरित किया है। यासिर ने ब्रिस्बेन में श्रृंखला के पहले टेस्ट में स्मिथ का विकेट लेने के बाद जश्न मनाते हुए अपनी सात उंगलियां दिखायी थी जिसका मतलब यह था कि खेल के सबसे लंबे प्रारूप में उन्होंने इस बल्लेबाज को सातवीं बार पवेलियन भेजा। स्मिथ से मंगलवार को यहां संवादाता सम्मेलन में जब इस बारे में पूछा गया तो उन्होंने कहा कि वह अब इस गेंदबाज के खिलाफ सतर्क रहेंगे। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: युवा जोश के साथ पाक के खिलाड़ी स्मिथ और वार्नर के अनुभव को देंगे चुनौती

उन्होंने कहा, ‘‘ यह (यासिर के सात उंगली दिखाने) मुझे अच्छा प्रदर्शन करने के लिए अधिक प्रेरित करेगा कि मैं इस गेंदबाज के खिलाफ आउट नहीं होऊं। मैं उसके खिलाफ ज्यादा अनुशासन से खेलूंगा।’’ उन्होंने हालांकि यासिर की उपलब्धि को ज्यादा तवज्जो नहीं देते हुए कहा, ‘‘ यह दिलचस्प है। उसने मुझे ऐसे समय आउट किया है जब मैं क्रीज पर नया था और तेजी से रन बनाने की जरूरत थी। दो बार शायद मैं दूसरी पारी में आउट हुआ हूं जहां मैं थोड़ बेपरवाह हो कर खेल रहा था। मैं ज्यादा चिंतित नहीं हूं।’’

इसे भी पढ़ें: हरभजन को खेलने में होती थी मुश्किल, गिलक्रिस्ट ने करार दिया कठिनतम प्रतिद्वंद्वी


आस्ट्रेलिया के खिलाड़ियों ने फिलिप ह्यूज को पांचवीं बरसी पर श्रद्धांजलि दी


मेलबर्न। क्रिकेट आस्ट्रेलिया ने फिलीप ह्यूज की पांचवीं बरसी पर उन्हें श्रृद्धांजलि दी । ह्यूज का एक घरेलू मैच में शार्ट पिच गेंद लगने के कारण निधन हो गया था । सिडनी क्रिकेट ग्राउंड पर 25 नवंबर 2014 को शेफील्ड शील्ड मैच के दौरान ह्यूज को सीन एबोट का बाउंसर लगा था । उन्होंने हेलमेट पहना था लेकिन गेंद उनके बायें कान के ठीक नीचे वाले हिस्से पर लगी जो ढका हुआ नहीं था। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: युवा जोश के साथ पाक के खिलाड़ी स्मिथ और वार्नर के अनुभव को देंगे चुनौती

क्रिकेट आस्ट्रेलिया के मुख्य कार्यकारी केविन राबटर्स ने कहा ,‘‘ पिछले पांच साल में ऐसा कोई दिन नहीं गुजरा जब आस्ट्रेलियाई क्रिकेट जगत को फिल की कमी नहीं खली हो।’’ ह्यूज ने आस्ट्रेलिया के लिये 25 टेस्ट और 24 वनडे मैच खेले थे । उन्होंने इंग्लैंड में काफी समय काउंटी क्रिकेट भी खेला। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: मानसिक समस्या से जूझ रहे हैं ऑस्ट्रेलिया के ये तीन खिलाड़ी, क्रिकेट से लिया ब्रेक


बाबर आजम का शतक बेकार, ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने पहला टेस्ट पारी जीता


ब्रिस्बेन। ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने रविवार को गाबा में पाकिस्तान के खिलाफ पहले टेस्ट में पारी और पांच रन से जीत हासिल कर दो मैचों की श्रृंखला में 1-0 से बढ़त हासिल कर ली। पाकिस्तान ने पहली पारी में 240 रन बनाये थे और आस्ट्रेलिया ने इसके बाद पहली पारी में 540 रन बनाकर 340 रन की बढ़त हासिल की थी। पाकिस्तान ने शनिवार को दोपहर के सत्र में तीन विकेट सस्ते में गंवा दिये लेकिन रविवार को उसके बल्लेबाजों ने शानदार जज्बा दिखाया लेकिन उनकी चुनौती अंतिम सत्र में समाप्त हो गयी। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: ऐतिहासिक मुकाबले में भारत की शानदार जीत, सीरीज में बांग्लादेश को 2-0 से हराया

बाबर आजम ने शानदार शतक जड़ा जबकि मोहम्मद रिजवान अपने पहले सैकड़े से महज पांच रन से चूक गये जिससे पाकिस्तान की दूसरी पारी चौथे दिन 335 रन पर सिमट गयी। लेग स्पिनर यासिर शाह ने 42 रन की पारी खेलकर अपना सर्वोच्च टेस्ट स्कोर बनाया। जब भी पाकिस्तानी बल्लेबाजी हावी होने लगते थे तभी ऑस्ट्रेलियाई गेंदबाज उन पर शिंकजा कस लेते थे। जोश हेजलवुड आस्ट्रेलिया के लिये बेहतरीन रहे जिन्होंने 63 रन देकर चार विकेट हासिल किये जबकि मिशेल स्टार्क ने तीन, पैट कमिंस ने एक और नाथन लियोन ने एक विकेट चटकाया। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: रिषभ पंत और शुभमन गिल भारतीय टेस्ट टीम से बाहर, इस खिलाड़ी को मिला मौका

इससे पहले पाकिस्तान ने तीन विकेट पर 63 रन से आगे खेलना शुरू किया। आजम ने आस्ट्रेलिया में पहला और अपना दूसरा टेस्ट शतक जड़ा। उन्होंने 104 रन की पारी खेली जिसमें 13 चौके शामिल रहे। उन्होंने शान मसूद (42 रन) के साथ 68 और रिजवान (95 रन) के साथ 132 रन की भागीदारी निभायी। दूसरा टेस्ट एडीलेड में खेला जायेगा। 


लाबुशेन की शतकीय पारी से ऑस्ट्रेलिया जीत के करीब, पाक के खिलाफ बनाया बड़ा स्कोर


ब्रिसबेन। मार्नस लाबुशेन (185) और डेविड वार्नर (154) की बड़ी शतकीय पारियों से ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने पहले टेस्ट मैच के तीसरे दिन शनिवार को पहली पारी में 580 रन बनाने के बाद पाकिस्तान की दूसरी पारी में 64 रन पर तीन विकेट चटकाकर मैच पर अपनी पकड़ बेहद मजबूत कर ली। पाकिस्तान की पहली पारी 240 रन पर सिमटी थी जिससे ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने 340 रन की बढ़त हासिल की। पाकिस्तान को पारी हार से बचने के लिए अभी और 276 रन बनाने होंगे। स्टंप्स के समय शान मसूद 27 और बाबर आजम 20 रन पर बल्लेबाजी कर रहे थे। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: मानसिक बीमारी से जूझ रही है ये महिला क्रिकेटर, खेल से लिया ब्रेक

मिशेल स्टार्क ने दिन के आखिरी घंटे के खेल में पाकिस्तान को पारी के तीसरे और पांचवें ओवर में दो झटके दिये। उन्होंने सलामी बल्लेबाज एवं कप्तान अजहर अली (पांच) को पगबाधा करने के बाद हारिस सोहेल (आठ) विकेट के पीछे टिम पेन के हाथों कैच कराया। शानदार लय में चल रहे पैट कमिंस ने इसके बाद असद शफीक (शून्य) को खाता खोले बिना पवेलियन भेजा। लाबुशेन ने अपनी पहली शतकीय पारी को बडे स्कोर में बदला लेकिन अपने घरेलू मैदान गाबा में वह दोहरा शतक बनाने से चूक गये। एशेज श्रृंखला के दौरान चोटिल स्टीव स्मिथ की जगह टेस्ट टीम में शामिल होने के बाद उन्होंने लगातार चार अर्धशतकीय पारी खेल टीम में जगह पक्की की। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: रिषभ पंत और शुभमन गिल भारतीय टेस्ट टीम से बाहर, इस खिलाड़ी को मिला मौका

इससे पहले ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने दिन की शुरुआत दो विकेट पर 312 रन से आगे से की। इस साल पहली बार शतकीय पारी खेलने वाले डेविड वार्नर कल की अपनी 151 रन की पारी में तीन रन जोड़ कर पदार्पण कर रहे 16 साल के तेज गेंदबाज नसीम शाह (68 रन पर एक विकेट) के पहले शिकार बने। वार्नर और लाबुशेन ने दूसरे विकेट के लिए 129 रन जोड़े। लेग स्पिनर यासिर शाह(205 रन पर चार विकेट) ने इसके बाद शानदार फार्म में चल रहे पूर्व कप्तान स्टीव स्मिथ (04) को बोल्ड किया। यासिर ने छह टेस्ट में सातवीं बार स्मिथ को चलता किया। लाबुशेन को इसके बाद मैथ्यू वेड (60) के रूप में अच्छा साथी मिला। दोनों की चौथे विकेट के लिए 110 रन की साझेदारी को सोहेल (75 रन पर दो विकेट) ने तोड़ा वेड को आउट कर तोड़ा। इसके बाद ट्रेविस हेड (24) और कप्तान पेन (13) बड़ी पारी खेलने में नाकाम रहे। ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने 25 रन के अंदर आखिरी पांच विकेट गंवा दिये जिसमें लाबुशेन का विकेट भी शामिल है। लाबुशेन को शाहीन अफरीदी (96 रन पर दो विकेट) ने चलता किया। 


सेना के पैराट्रूपर अब कप्तानों को नहीं सौंपेंगे गुलाबी गेंद, जानें इसकी वजह


कोलकाता। बंगाल क्रिकेट संघ (कैब) को सुरक्षा के कारण सेना के पैराट्रूपर द्वारा ईडन गार्डन्स में दिन रात्रि टेस्ट में टास से पहले गुलाबी गेंद कप्तानों को सौंपने की योजना को रद्द करना पड़ा। कैब के सूत्रों के अनुसार भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच यहां एतिहासिक मैच से पहले सुरक्षा मंजूरी नहीं मिल सकी। कैब द्वारा कार्यक्रम की अंतिम सूची के अनुसार गृह मंत्री अमित शाह भी उपस्थित नहीं होंगे। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: WI के खिलाफ टी20 और वनडे सीरीज के लिए टीम इंडिया का ऐलान, भुवनेश्वर की वापसी

बांग्लादेश की प्रधानमंत्री शेख हसीना और पश्चिम बंगाल की मुख्यमंत्री ममता बनर्जी ईडन गार्डन की घंटी बजाकर भारत के पहले दिन-रात्रि टेस्ट की शुरूआत करेंगी। आईसीसी नियमों के अनुसार दोनों देशों की सहमित से खेलने के परिस्थितियों में बदलाव किया जा सकता है। 

इसे भी पढ़ें: पहले टेस्ट में ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने कसा शिकंजा, 240 रनों पर सिमटी पाकिस्तान

ब्रेक के दौरान फैब फाइव -सचिन तेंदुलकर, राहुल द्रविड़, अनिल कुंबले, वीवीएस लक्ष्मण और बीसीसीआई अध्यक्ष सौरव गांगुली- का चैट शो होगा। मैच के बाद रूना लैला का परफोरमेंस होगा जबकि जीत गांगुली के कार्यक्रम से शुरूआती दिन का समापन होगा। 


डे-नाइट टेस्ट तभी उम्दा होगा जब क्रिकेट आला दर्जे का खेला जाये: सचिन तेंदुलकर


कोलकाता। भारत के पहले दिन रात के टेस्ट को लेकर मची हाइप से सचिन तेंदुलकर को कोई ऐतराज नहीं है लेकिन उन्होंने यह सुनिश्चित करने के लिये भी कहा है कि क्रिकेट की गुणवत्ता से किसी स्तर पर समझौता नहीं किया जाये। भारतीय टीम शुक्रवार से बांग्लादेश के खिलाफ गुलाबी गेंद से ऐतिहासिक टेस्ट खेलेगी।

इसे भी पढ़ें: पहले टेस्ट में ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने कसा शिकंजा, 240 रनों पर सिमटी पाकिस्तान

तेंदुलकर ने प्रेस ट्रस्ट को दिये इंटरव्यू में कहा कि सब कुछ दर्शकों को अधिक संख्या में मैदान में लाने और टेस्ट क्रिकेट को अधिक रोचक बनाने के लिये किया जा रहा है। यह अहम है लेकिन मेरा मानना है कि मैच के बाद आकलन किया जाना चाहिये। कितनी ओस थी और खेल के स्तर से समझौता तो नहीं किया गया। उन्होंने कहा कि इसके दो पहलू हैं। पहला दर्शकों को मैदान पर लाना और साथ ही खेल की गुणवत्ता से समझौता नहीं करना। गेंद अगर गीली होने लगे और खेल पर उसका असर पड़े तो हमें देखना होगा कि हम क्या करना चाहते हैं। अगर ऐसा नहीं है तो बहुत बढिया है।

इसे भी पढ़ें: जानिए डे-नाइट टेस्ट मैच का इतिहास, कब और कहां हुआ था पहला मैच?

तेंदुलकर ने कहा कि लेकिन अगर ओस रहती है और अच्छा क्रिकेट देखने को नहीं मिलता तो इसका विश्लेषण जरूरी है। तेंदुलकर यह मैच देखने यहां पहुंची हस्तियों में से है। उन्होंने कहा कि यह अच्छी बात है। हमने दिखाया है कि हम आगे बढकर नयी चीजें आजमाना चाहते हैं। हम कोशिश करेंगे और फिर देखेंगे कि यह कामयाब हुई या नहीं। सफलता का मानदंड स्टेडियम में मौजूद दर्शकों की संख्या ही नहीं होती। यह बस एक पहलू है।

इसे भी पढ़ें: विराट कोहली को गंभीर की सलाह, बोले- दूधिया रोशनी में तेज गेंदबाजों का करें इस्तेमाल

गुलाबी गेंद से घसियाली पिच पर क्या स्पिनर प्रभावी होंगे, यह पूछने पर उन्होंने पिछले साल के पर्थ टेस्ट का जिक्र किया जहां नाथन लियोन ने आठ विकेट लेकर भारत को 146 रन से जीत दिलाई थी। उन्होंने कहा कि आम तौर पर स्पिनर कठोर और घास वाली पिच पर कुछ ज्यादा नहीं कर पाते लेकिन पिछले साल जब भारतीय टीम आस्ट्रेलिया गई थी तो पर्थ की पिच पर तेज गेंदबाजों को मदद मिली थी। भारत के तेज आक्रमण की सफलता का श्रेय फिटनेस को देते हुए तेंदुलकर ने कहा कि हमारे पास तीन गेंदबाज हैं जो 140 की गति से गेंदबाजी कर रहे हैं। उनका प्रदर्शन बेहतरीन रहा और इसका श्रेय फिटनेस को जाता है।


पहले टेस्ट में ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने कसा शिकंजा, 240 रनों पर सिमटी पाकिस्तान


ब्रिस्बेन। ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने पहले क्रिकेट टेस्ट के पहले दिन पाकिस्तान को 240 रन पर आउट करके अपनी पकड़ मजबूत कर ली। पहले सत्र में पाकिस्तान ने बिना किसी नुकसान के 57 रन बना लिये थे । इसके बाद के सत्रों में मिशेल स्टार्क, जोश हेजलवुड और पैट कमिंस ने पाकिस्तानी बल्लेबाजी की बखिया उधेड़ दी। स्टार्क ने 52 रन देकर चार विकेट लिये जबकि कमिंस को तीन और हेजलवुड को दो विकेट मिले। 

एक समय पाकिस्तान का स्कोर बिना किसी नुकसान के 75 रन था जो चार विकेट पर 78 और फिर पांच विकेट पर 94 रन हो गया। पाकिस्तान के लिये असद शफीक ने 76 रन बनाये। उन्होंने मोहम्मद रिजवान के साथ 49 रन की साझेदारी की जिसने 37 रन बनाये ।इसके अलावा यासिर शाह (26) के साथ 84 रन जोड़े। पहले सत्र में पाकिस्तानी बल्लेबाजों अजहर अली (28) और शाह मसूद (21) ने बिना किसी नुकसान के 57 रन बनाये।

इसे भी पढ़ें: विराट कोहली को गंभीर की सलाह, बोले- दूधिया रोशनी में तेज गेंदबाजों का करें इस्तेमाल

बाद में इन्होंने आक्रामक शाट खेलने शुरू किये लेकिन आस्ट्रेलियाई गेंदबाजों ने अपनी लय हासिल करके पाकिस्तान को बैकफुट पर ला दिया। पहले मसूद को कमिंस ने आफ स्टम्प से बाहर जाती गेंद पर दूसरी स्लिप में स्टीव स्मिथ के हाथों लपकवाया। अगली गेंद पर अजहर ने हेजलवुड की गेंद पर पहली स्लिप में जो बर्न्स को कैच दिया। इसके बाद से पाकिस्तानी विकेटों का सिलसिला जारी रहा। 


मैच के दौरान शहादत हुसैन ने अपने साथी खिलाड़ी को मारा थप्पड़ और लात, हुए बैन


ढाका। बांग्लादेश क्रिकेट बोर्ड (बीसीबी) ने मंगलवार को राष्ट्रीय टीम के पूर्व तेज गेंदबाज शहादत हुसैन को मैच के दौरान टीम के साथी से मारपीट के कारण पांच साल के लिए प्रतिबंधित कर दिया जिसमें दो साल की सजा निलंबित है। अंपायरों ने शहादत की शिकायत की थी जिन्हें रविवार को राष्ट्रीय क्रिकेट लीग के मैच के दौरान टीम के साथी को थप्पड़ और लात मारते देखा गया था।

बोर्ड ने बताया कि राष्ट्रीय महासंघ ने दो साल के प्रतिबंध को निलंबित रखा है लेकिन ‘शारीरिक हमले’ का आरोप स्वीकार करने वाले शहादत पर तीन लाख टका (3540 डालर) का जुर्माना भी लगाया गया है। बोर्ड के अधिकारी के अनुसार ढाका और खुलना के बीच मैच के दौरान गेंद को कैसे चमकाया जाए इस पर बहस के बाद 33 साल के शहादत ने युवा गेंदबाज अराफात सनी जूनियर पर हमला कर दिया था।

इसे भी पढ़ें: पाक के खिलाफ टेस्ट मैच से पहले ऑस्ट्रेलियाई टीम ने किया है होमवर्क: टिम पेन

बीसीबी की तकनीकी समिति के प्रमुख मिनहाजुल अबेदिन ने कहा कि उसके अतीत बर्ताव को ध्यान में रखते हुए हमने उसे पांच साल के लिए सजा देने का फैसला किया। इस प्रतिबंध के अंतिम दो साल निलंबित रहेंगे। शहादत पर आजीवन प्रतिबंध भी लग सकता था। बांग्लादेश की ओर से 38 टेस्ट और 51 एकदिवसीय मैच खेलने वाले शहादत ने 2015 में लगभग दो महीने हिरासत के बिताए थे जब उन पर और उनकी पत्नी पर 11 साल की लड़की को प्रताड़ित करने का आरोप लगा था जिसे उन्होंने घरेलू सहायिका के रूप में रखा था। अदालत में हालांकि उन्हें बरी कर दिया गया।

इसे भी पढ़ें: वेस्टइंडीज के खिलाफ टीम इंडिया में इन खिलाड़ियों की होगी एंट्री, रोहित को मिलेगी कमान?

शहादत ने कहा कि टीम के साथी के साथ जो हुआ वह गहमागहमी में हो गया और उन्होंने इनकार किया कि उन्होंने अराफात को थप्पड़ मारा या लात मारी। शहादत ने कहा कि मैं सिर्फ उसे धक्का दिया था, मैंने उसे चोट नहीं पहुंचाई। लेकिन मैं सहमत हूं कि यह गलती है। एक टेस्ट खिलाड़ी के रूप में मुझे ऐसा नहीं करना चाहिए था। मैं अपील करूंगा। उन्होंने कहा कि पांच साल का प्रतिबंध मेरे लिए काफी कड़ा है। मैं छह महीने का प्रतिबंध या कुछ जुर्माना स्वीकार कर लेता। मेरी मां कैंसर से पीड़ित है और इस खबर के बाद उन्होंने खानापीना छोड़ दिया है। अगर मैं पांच साल के लिए प्रतिबंधित हो गया तो मेरी आजीविका छिन जाएगी। शहादत 2018 में भी गलत कारणों से सुर्खियों में आए जब ढाका में उनकी कार को टक्कर मारने पर उन्होंने कथित तौर पर एक रिक्शा चालक को पीटा था।


इंडिया इंटरनेशनल चैलेंज बैडमिंटन में भाग लेंगे 250 खिलाड़ी


मुंबई। भारत और 12 अन्य देशों के 250 खिलाड़ी बुधवार से यहां शुरू हो रहे इंडिया इंटरनेशनल चैलेंज बैडमिंटन टूर्नामेंट में खिताब जीतने के लिए जोर लगायेंगे। यहां जारी विज्ञप्ति के मुताबिक क्रिकेट क्लब आफ इंडिया में खेले जाने वाले इस टूर्नामेंट में कुल इनामी राशि 25,000 अमेरिकी डालर है। इसके क्वालीफाइंग मुकाबले 20 और 21 नवंबर को खेले जाएंगे जबकि फाइनल 24 नवंबर को होगा। भारत के अलावा इस साल टूर्नामेंट में मलेशिया, थाईलैंड, इंडोनेशिया के स्टार खिलाड़ियों और रूस, अमेरिका, भूटान जैसे देशों के युवा खिलाड़ियों की भागीदारी होगी।

इसे भी पढ़ें: युवा जोश के साथ पाक के खिलाड़ी स्मिथ और वार्नर के अनुभव को देंगे चुनौती

पुरुषों में रूस के वलादिमिर मालकोव को शीर्ष जबकि भारत के अजय जयराम को दूसरी वरीयता मिली है। महिला एकल में विश्व रैंकिंग में 38वें पायदान पर काबिज थाईलैंड की पोर्नटिप बुरानाप्रसर्टसुक और भारत की मुग्धा अग्रे के अन्य खिलाड़ियों को कड़ी टक्कर देने की उम्मीद है।

इसे भी पढ़ें: गेंद से छेड़खानी मामले में पूरन पर कम प्रतिबंध से स्मिथ को कोई गिला-शिकवा नहीं

पुरुष युगल में सुमित रेड्डी और मनु अत्री की भारतीय जोड़ी को शीर्ष वरीयता मिली है। मेघना और पूर्विशा की जोड़ी महिला युगल में भारतीय चुनौती की अगुवाई करेगी।


पहले दिन-रात टेस्ट के लिए शमी तैयार, इस रणनीति के तहत करेंगे गेंदबाजी

नयी दिल्ली। भारतीय तेज गेंदबाज मोहम्मद शमी ने कहा कि भारतीय टीम शुक्रवार से कोलकाता में शुरू हो रहे दिन रात के टेस्ट में जब बांग्लादेश से खेलेगी तो बल्लेबाजों को चकमा देने के लिये वह गेंद की लैंग्थ में बदलाव करते रहेंगे। 
शानदार फार्म में चल रहे शमी ने इंदौर में पहले टेस्ट में सात विकेट लिये थे। उन्होंने स्टार स्पोटर्स पर नैरोलेक क्रिकेट लाइव पर कहा, ‘‘गेंदबाजों को विकेट पर नजरें बनाये रखनी होगी। पिच धीमी होने पर मुझे अतिरिक्त प्रयास करने होंगे और जब बल्लेबाज असहज नजर आये तो दबाव बनाना होगा। लैंग्थ में बदलाव करते रहने होंगे।’’ इस बीच भारत के पूर्व कप्तान सुनील गावस्कर ने इंदौर टेस्ट में दोहरा शतक जमाने वाले मयंक अग्रवाल को चेताया है कि बांग्लादेशी टीम आने वाले मैचों में उनके सामने बेहतर तैयारी के साथ उतरेगी। उन्होंने कहा, ‘‘वह टेस्ट क्रिकेट का मजा ले रहा है। यह उसका पहला साल है और उम्मीद है कि वह आगामी सत्र में भी लय कायम रखेगी लेकिन अब विरोधी टीम उसके खिलाफ अधिक तैयारी के साथ उतरेगी।’’
भारत के पूर्व बल्लेबाज गौतम गंभीर ने कहा कि भारत के पास मुकम्मिल गेंदबाजी आक्रमण है। उन्होंने कहा, ‘‘कुछ टीमों के पास अच्छे तेज गेंदबाज और कुछ के पास अच्छे स्पिनर हैं लेकिन भारत के पास दो अच्छे स्पिनर और तीन अच्छे तेज गेंदबाज हैं। जसप्रीत बुमराह और भुवनेश्वर कुमार तो खेल भी नहीं रहे हैं यानी कुल मिलाकर आठ अच्छे गेंदबाज हैं और यही वजह है कि पिछले दो साल में भारत ने कई बार टीमों को आल आउट किया है।’’


इंस्टा पर वीडियो पोस्ट करने के कारण क्रिकेट ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने महिला खिलाड़ी पर लगाया बैन


होबार्ट। होबार्ट हरिकेंस की विकेटकीपर एमिली स्मिथ को क्रिकेट ऑस्ट्रेलिया की भ्रष्टाचार रोधी नीति के उल्लंघन के कारण सोमवार को महिला बिग बैश लीग (डब्ल्यूबीबीएल) से प्रतिबंधित कर दिया गया। क्रिकेट ऑस्ट्रेलिया की वेबसाइट के अनुसार, ‘‘एमिनी ने अपने इंस्टाग्राम अकाउंट पर एक वीडियो पोस्ट किया जो दो नवंबर को बर्नी के वेस्ट पार्क में खिलाड़ियों और मैच अधिकारियों के लिए सीमित क्षेत्र में बनाया गया था और इसमें सिडनी थंडर के खिलाफ हरिकेंस की अंतिम एकादश की भी जानकारी थी।’’

माना जा रहा है कि अंतिम एकादश का इस्तेमाल मैचों पर सट्टेबाजी और नकद पुरस्कार देने वाली ‘फेंटसी’ लीग के लिए किया जा सकता था। सीए ने बयान में पुष्टि की कि यह वीडियो मैच शुरू से एक घंटा पहले डाला गया। यह मैच हालांकि बारिश के कारण एक भी गेंद फेंके बिना रद्द हो गया और इसमें टास भी नहीं हो पाया।

इसे भी पढ़ें: पाकिस्तान के PM ने दी सरफराज को सलाह, कहा- टीम में वापसी के लिए घरेलू क्रिकेट पर फोकस करें

एमिली ने भ्रष्टाचार रोधी संहिता के नियम 2.3.2 के उल्लंघन के लिए सजा स्वीकार कर ली है और वह एक साल तक क्रिकेट के किसी प्रारूप में हिस्सा लेने के लिए आयोग्य होंगी। इसमें से नौ महीने की सजा निलंबित है। तीन महीने की सजा के कारण एमिली डब्ल्यूबीबीएल के बाकी सत्र से बाहर हो गई हैं और वह 50 ओवर की महिला राष्ट्रीय क्रिकेट लीग में भी नहीं खेल पाएंगी।


Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



A respondent cannot withdraw an appeal, confirms the Upper Tribunal

“Be careful what you wish for!”, could be the headline for the case of Ahmed (rule 18; PTA; Family Court materials) Pakistan [2019] UKUT 357 (IAC). Haseeb Ahmed, a Pakistani citizen, was initially refused an application for leave to remain by the Secretary of State. He won his appeal at the First-tier Tribunal, but the Secretary of State was granted permission to appeal to the Upper Tribunal. Shortly before the date of the appeal hearing, Mr Ahmed’s solicitors wrote to the tribunal asking to withdraw the appeal, so that they could submit a new application for leave to remain for their client. I do not blame the solicitors for the...

Taken to Brink by Trump, Gulf States Are Backpedaling on Iran


Taken to Brink by Trump, Gulf States Are Backpedaling on Iran(Bloomberg) -- An expanded soccer tournament, a direct flight, clandestine meetings and a pledge to release prisoners of war; diplomacy is breaking out as Gulf Arab nations back away from a Donald Trump-inspired confrontation with Iran. And the signs are everywhere.Last week, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain played their first games of the 2019 Arabian Gulf Cup in Qatar after a last-minute decision to take part -- an apparent breakthrough in a 30-month feud that saw them halt trade and flights over Qatar’s links with Iran and support for Islamist groups.Meanwhile, the Saudi-led coalition that’s fought Iranian-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen since 2015 began releasing jailed Houthis, as efforts to end the conflict gather momentum. Oman is quietly hosting high-level meetings, according to people familiar with the matter, and even Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has hinted at direct channels with the U.A.E.Spooked by the prospect of a catastrophic war with Iran and its proxy militias across the region, Gulf monarchies are in the midst of a strategic rethink. The U.A.E., whose economic model relies in large part on its international links, quickly realized it had most to lose from a military escalation. It had removed most of its troops from Yemen by the end of a turbulent summer that saw oil tankers targeted and a U.S. drone downed in the Gulf without significant American response.While the humanitarian catastrophe unleashed by the Yemen war trained an unwelcome spotlight on Saudi Arabia, it took a brazen strike on Saudi oil installations -- which knocked out half the country’s crude production -- to ram home the risks and prove that Trump was not about to ride to his allies’ rescue.“The attacks shattered any illusion of this magical U.S. security umbrella,” said David Roberts, an assistant professor at King’s College London who studies the Gulf. “It burst the bubble and showed that Iran had the willingness to both do something astonishing like the attack on Aramco facilities and the capability to carry it out.”Iran denies U.S. and Saudi assertions it carried out the Sept. 14 strikes, pointing to Houthi claims of responsibility. But people familiar with investigations into the attacks say they were almost certainly launched from southwestern Iran -- an explosive escalation in Tehran’s pushback against an economic offensive unleashed by Trump and enthusiastically backed by the Saudis.The Trump administration withdrew last year from the 2015 deal meant to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear bomb, and reimposed sanctions that have crippled its oil exports. But the “maximum pressure” policy is designed to coax Tehran into more concessions not to drag the U.S. into a new Middle East war just as it draws down troops in Syria.Rolling back Shiite Muslim Iran’s power remains a priority for the Sunni Gulf Arab leadership. There’s an increasing recognition, however, that no one stands to gain from a military escalation in the world’s top oil-exporting region.Saudi Arabia’s Center for International Communication didn’t respond to an email seeking comment. The U.A.E. declined to comment. But in a Nov. 10 speech, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash said he saw “a path to a deal with Iran that all parties might soon” be ready to embark on if Tehran demonstrated commitment.War to ‘Cold Peace’In search of a breakthrough, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, a former cricketer elected with the backing of a powerful army that provides extensive support for the Saudi military, shuttled between Tehran and Riyadh in October. He met Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Rouhani, as well as Saudi Arabia’s King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, describing talks as “encouraging.”Khan said he traveled at the request of Trump and Saudi Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Adel Al-Jubeir said the diplomacy wasn’t prompted by the kingdom. But deepening unease in the Gulf catalyzed the effort.Turning these overtures into lasting peace between countries that have grown further apart since the 1979 Iranian revolution remains far off.The Gulf states resent Iran’s deep reach into Arab nations. While ongoing protests in Iraq and Lebanon suggest Iran has reached the limit of its regional influence, they are unlikely to reverse political and military advances decades in the making.“Cold peace is possible but we are certainly far from a grand bargain,” said Afshin Molavi, senior fellow at the Foreign Policy Institute at Johns Hopkins. “For that, both Riyadh and Abu Dhabi would have to accept a role for Iran in Arab countries such as Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen.”As they explore ways forward, Gulf states are moving at different speeds.The U.A.E. broke with the U.S. and Saudi Arabia by not naming Iran as the culprit behind attacks in May and June on oil tankers as they sailed toward the Strait of Hormuz, the world’s foremost oil shipping chokepoint.It sent coast guard officials to Iran for the first time in six years and Rouhani hinted at other meetings with senior U.A.E. officials. “We’re moving toward improved relations,” he said Oct. 14. Saudi Arabia is catching up.Washington built a multilateral naval operation to protect shipping in the Gulf after the attacks and sent more troops to Saudi Arabia. Both actions resulted in a “down tick” in Iranian actions,” U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said Nov. 13. “The Iranians should not mistake our restraint for weakness.”Where the U.S. holds back, however, others are crowding in. Besides his role in saving Bashar al-Assad’s regime, Russian President Vladimir Putin has forged a partnership with Iran, created an oil alliance with Saudi Arabia and built ties with Egypt’s Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi, who was warned by the U.S. last month against plans to purchase Russian jets.Putin traveled to Saudi Arabia and the U.A.E. in October after visits by the Saudi king and the U.A.E.’s de-facto leader Mohammad bin Zayed to Moscow. The two Gulf countries and Russia have signed deals valued at billions of dollars.For Iran’s Rouhani, the case for regional engagement is obvious.“Don’t you know that Iran is going to stay here and we will remain neighbors throughout history?” he has said, referring to Iran’s Arab neighbors. “Trump will only be around for a few years and will go back to whatever it was he was doing.”\--With assistance from Golnar Motevalli and Glen Carey.To contact the reporter on this story: Zainab Fattah in Dubai at zfattah@bloomberg.netTo contact the editors responsible for this story: Lin Noueihed at, Mark WilliamsFor more articles like this, please visit us at©2019 Bloomberg L.P.


10: Triple Test Treat


Three Test matches at the same time? Yes please. Adam and Geoff run the desert comb over Australia and Pakistan at the Gabba, India and Bangladesh at Eden Gardens, and New Zealand versus England at The Mountain, which the Kiwis won live while we were recording the show. Also, Harsha versus Manjrekar, which wasn't much of a contest, and the WBBL. And a closing tribute to Phillip Hughes, five years on.

Support the show.


Imran Khan vows to restore student unions with enforceable laws

Pakistan universities' student unions became violent battlegrounds, Imran Khan said. Reported by Khaleej Times 51 minutes ago.

Global Stock Exchanges


Pakistan stocks hit nine-month high The benchmark KSE-100 index extended its rally from the previous day as bulls dominated trading on Friday, supporting the index cross the 39,000-point mark after nine months. The extensive buying seems to be the result of political clarity following the Supreme Court’s verdict in the army chief tenure extension case. …

The post Global Stock Exchanges appeared first on Pakistan & Gulf Economist.


Stock Watch


Bulls rule PSX as index crosses 39,000 level, gains 4% wow Summary The news of the Supreme Court of Pakistan suspending the notification confirming the extension of Chief of Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa for another three years was taken by surprise by the investors. The market dashed down 417 points on Tuesday. The …

The post Stock Watch appeared first on Pakistan & Gulf Economist.


Stock Review


Index ends Nov-2019 on highest note since 77months; stocks may move under pressure Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) closed positively for third consecutive month and gained 15% during November 2019, which was highest index gain in last 77 months. Investors’ sentiments remained positive on the back of successful IMF review and encouraging macroeconomic indicators that included: …

The post Stock Review appeared first on Pakistan & Gulf Economist.


Kisah epidemi HIV misterius yang menyerang anak-anak di Pakistan

Pakistan mengalami epidemi HIV terbesar di Asia yang dialami oleh anak-anak. Bagaimana peristiwa ini bisa terjadi?

Davis Cup: Pakistan’s top tennis players boycott India tie


  Pakistan sends teenagers to compete against India after ITF moves fixture from Islamabad to Kazakhstan over security. Pakistan’s top tennis players have boycotted a controversial Davis Cup tennis tie against India in protest against the fixture being moved outside of the host country, Pakistan. The two-day Asia/Oceania Zone Group I fixture kicks off on […]

The post Davis Cup: Pakistan’s top tennis players boycott India tie appeared first on Voice of India.


Former Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari arrested in fake bank accounts case

Asif Ali Zardari

Islamabad: Former Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari was on Monday arrested by the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) in connection with fake bank accounts case. A 15-member team of NAB, country’s top anti-corruption body, along with police personnel arrested Zardari from his residence in Islamabad. The arrest comes hours after the Islamabad High Court rejected an application […]

The post Former Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari arrested in fake bank accounts case appeared first on Pragativadi: Leading Odia Dailly.


Xi Jinping bất lực _ Đành phủ phục trước quái kiệt Donald Trump

Biết trước tiền vận không mấy sáng sủa nếu tỷ phú Donald Trump hạ gục chính trị gà nòi Hillary Clinton. Obama và Tập Cận Bình đã liên thủ công phá Donald Trump theo cách "giữ gà từ xa".

Trong chuyến công du tới Bắc Kinh lần cuối trên cương vị tổng thống, Obama và Tập Cận Bình đã diễn tuồng rất sâu để Nước Mỹ và thế giới nhìn vào họ tưởng rằng giữa Obama và Tập Cận Bình là hai thái cực. Tuồng diễn để chứng minh mình ngoại phạm đó chính là việc Tập Cận Bình cho Obama đi cửa hậu máy bay.

Đồng thời, Obama đã cho thân tín theo dõi, nghe lén Tháp Trump để tìm chứng cứ lật đổ ứng viên tổng thống Trump rồi sau đó lại dựng chuyện cho rằng Donald Trump thông đồng với Nga để thắng Hillary Clinton rồi sau đó tiến hành cuộc săn phù thủy hòng phế truất tổng thống Trump. Nay thì lại diễn trò hề cáo buộc tổng thống Trump đã mặc cả với Ukraine để điều tra Joe Biden rồi lấy đó làm lý cớ điều tra luận tội ông Trump.

Riêng về phía Tập Cận Bình, do được thừa hưởng thuyết giáo Khổng Khâu và binh pháp Tôn Tử nên những đòn tấn công mà họ Tập tung về phía ông Trump sẽ là những đòn vô chiêu và hữu chiêu phối hợp. 

Vô chiêu mà Tập Cận Bình tung về phía ông Trump đó là cách xúi Đông, khích Tây để dụ Donald Trump sa lầy mà không còn tay chân, tâm trí đâu tập trung vào Tàu cộng. Cụ thể:

1. Xúi Kim Jong Un thi gan và độ ngông với Donald Trump bằng cách Bắc Hàn liên tục thử vũ khí hạch tâm, hỏa tiễn tầm xa khi ông Trump chưa ngồi ấm chỗ ở Bạch Cung. Nếu Donald Trump bộp chộp như Bush, Obama thì thế giới đã chứng kiến một đại huyết chiến vào cuối năm 2017 khi cả hai là Donald Trump và Kim Jong Un đều đe dọa xóa sổ nhau.

2. Xúi tổng thống Poroshenko của Ukraine gia tăng xung đột với Nga ở eo biển Kerch vào tháng 11/2018 với sự vụ Nga nổ súng bắt giữ 3 tàu của Ukraine. Nếu Donald Trump bộp chộp như Obama thì sự vụ ở eo biển Kerch sẽ thổi bùng ngọn lửa chiến tranh giữa Mỹ với Nga, hai hổ đánh nhau ắt sẽ lưỡng bại câu thương;

3. Xúi Pakistan gia tăng xung đột với Ấn Độ tại Kashmir, Pakistan là đồng minh cũ của Mỹ, Ấn Độ là đồng minh mới của Mỹ trong chiến lược Ấn Độ Dương - Thái Bình Dương. Nếu ông Trump bộp chộp, thích lấy tiếng như Obama thì Mỹ hoặc sẽ binh vực Pakistan hoặc binh vực Ấn Độ, đàng nào cũng bất lợi cho Mỹ và một cuộc chiến tranh giữa Ấn Độ và Pakistan sẽ nổ ra mà Mỹ không thể đứng ngoài, lúc này Tàu cộng lại chiễm chệ tọa sơn quan hổ đấu.

4. Xúi Iran gia tăng xung đột ở eo biển Hormuz bằng việc tấn công UAV của Mỹ để tạo cớ chiến lược và sau đó lại cùng khủng bố Houthi tấn công cơ sở lọc dầu của Arab Saudi cũng chỉ để dụ Mỹ lao vào cuộc chiến tranh với Iran hòng tiêu hao sinh lực Nước Mỹ và rối rắm tay chân của ông Trump.

Nhưng trước những trò xúi Đông, khích Tây của Tàu cộng hòa điệu với sự dè bỉu của đảng Dân chủ và Fake News hùng hậu rằng Donald Trump không biết làm chính trị, Donald Trump hèn nhát, Donald Trump hoang tưởng,... thì Donald Trump vẫn kệ mẹ tụi nó, mặc bay nói ngả nói nghiêng, lòng tao vẫn vững như kiền bốn chân. Cái ông Trump cần làm là đánh cho kinh tế Tàu cộng què quặt, la lếch rồi chết queo chớ không phải đi làm ba cái chuyện bao đồng, vặt vãnh kia. 

Vậy là Donald Trump đã biến Kim Jong Un từ kẻ thù thành bạn, nhân loại đã không bị mất đi 100 triệu người vì chiến tranh Mỹ - Hàn cộng. Donald Trump cũng stop lệnh tấn công Iran vào phút 89 mặc cho Iran, Fake News, never Trump dè bỉu, lêu lêu. Cái ông Trump cần để trị Iran là kinh tế, đánh cho mày bò lếch, hết tiền thì dân của mày đại loạn, rõ chưa.

Thêm một chữ NHẪN siêu đẳng nữa của ông Trump thể hiện ở Venezuela, mặc dù ông cố vấn an ninh quốc gia John Bolton nhất mực phải xua quân lật đổ độc tài bịnh hoạn Maduro nhưng ông Trump trước say no, sau vẫn say no. Bởi vì nếu xua quân lật đổ Maduro thì sẽ vấp phải sự chống lưng của Nga, Tàu cộng và dù cho chắc chắn là Maduro sẽ bị tiêu diệt nếu Mỹ can thiệp quân sự nhưng với sự thiếu chín chắn của tổng thống lâm thời Guaido thì hậu độc tài Maduro, Venezuela chắc chắn sẽ cũng Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Venezuela sẽ chìm đắm trong phân qua, các cứ, nội chiến. Điều này thật tồi tệ cho nhân dân Venezuela và Nước Mỹ vì Nước Mỹ sẽ không tránh khỏi trách nhiệm liên đới.

Hữu chiêu mà Tập Cận Bình tung về phía ông Trump đó là cách mua chuộc ông Trump bằng việc tiếp đón và thết đãi đặc biệt trong chuyến công du tới Bắc Kinh lần đầu tiên của ông Trump vào tháng 11/2017 sau đó lừa ông Trump rằng sẽ san bằng thâm hụt thương mại qua việc ký kết các hợp đồng nguyên tắc có giá trị hơn 250 tỷ Mỹ kim. 

Nhưng Donald Trump là Donald Trump chớ không phải là Obama, vì vậy Tàu cộng không thể tiếp tục "ký thì ký mà mua hàng Mỹ thì không".

Khi lòng kiên nhẫn của Donald Trump bị thách thức, hàng loạt gói thuế quan tàn khốc đã được Donald Trump nện lên đầu Tàu cộng. Vậy nhưng "đánh chết cái nết không chừa". Tàu cộng lại liên tục tung ra những đòn thâm hiểm hơn về phía Donald Trump. Cụ thể những đòn thâm hiểm của Tàu cộng như thế nào xin phép được viết tiếp ở hồi sau.


Sẽ không còn nghi ngờ gì nữa trước những tiên đoán vững chắc của ông Peter Navarrro tại quyển sách "Death by China - Chết bởi Trung cộng" và nhận định của ông Cựu Chủ tịch hạ viện Mỹ Newt Gingriich về việc "Tàu cộng muốn thay thế Mỹ trở thành siêu cường toàn cầu - Đây là những gì chúng ta phải học" cùng nhiều học giả khác. Tất cả các tác giả này đều có chung một nhận định là "Tàu cộng sẽ không từ bỏ khát vọng bá chủ thế giới". 

Vì vậy, nếu ông Donald Trump vẫn theo lối mòn của ông Ronald Reagan là chỉ cần đánh sập nền kinh tế của Tàu cộng như Liên Sô đã bị dính đòn thì sẽ hoàn thành tâm nguyện "xổ số CNXH quái thai" là điều không thể nếu như nước Mỹ không đối đầu quân sự trực tiếp với Tàu cộng. Bởi vì giữa Liên Sô và Tàu cộng tuy giống nhau về ý thức hệ cộng sản nhưng lại khác nhau về văn hóa, đặc trưng sắc tộc.

Liên Sô là một liên bang hình thành từ 15 nước cộng hòa Sô viết là Nga, Ukraine, Gruzia, Belorussia, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Latvia, Litva, và Estonia. Trong 15 nước hợp thành Liên bang Sô viết thì có 70% là người Đông Slav, 12% là người Turk, 18% là người dân tộc khác. Nhìn chung, tuy người dân Liên Sô sống trong chế độ cộng sản cai trị nhưng văn hóa phương Tây vẫn là văn hóa chủ đạo, vì vậy việc đánh sập chế độ cộng sản ở Liên Sô thời ông Ronald Reagan sẽ không khó khăn, phức tạp như việc đánh sập chế độ cộng sản ở Tàu cộng thời ông Donald Trump.

Bởi vì, với dân số trên trên 1,405 tỉ người, trong đó người Hán chiếm tới 91,51%, tức hết 1,286 tỉ người Hán, còn lại có 8,49% là dân tộc khác, tức khoảng 119 triệu người. Nhưng trong 119 triệu người này lại do 55 dân tộc thiểu số hợp thành. Điều này hoàn toàn khác biệt với cơ cấu tỉ trọng giữa dân số và sắc tộc của Liên Sô trước đây.


Mặt khác, thuyết giáo Khổng Tử vốn đã được Hán tộc xem là hồn cốt, máu thịt. Người Hán luôn tôn sùng thuyết giáo về “Lễ Nhạc” của  Khổng Tử, ra sức bảo vệ, phát huy “Thuyết Thiên mệnh, Thuyết Huyết thống, Thuyết Tôn pháp, Thuyết Nhân trị, Thuyết  Cực quyền, Thuyết  Chuyên chế” mà Khổng Tử triệt để bảo vệ. Tức người Hán vẫn bảo vệ cái tư tưởng “Quan bản vị” của chế độ phong kiến. Người Hán hiện nay vẫn tôn thờ "truyền thống văn hóa”, “truyền thống chính trị”, “truyền thống kinh tế” của Khổng Tử. Họ vẫn sống trong toàn bộ “truyền thống” lịch sử đó vì vậy người Hán hiện nay vẫn bộc lộ bốn điều nổi bật là:

·        Về văn hóa là: Nói dối;
·        Về ngoại trị là: Bá quyền - thâu tóm - tiệt diệt ngoại bang;
·        Về nội trị là: Cấm tiệt quyền dân chủ, bình đẳng;
·        Về kinh tế là: Bóc lột - ăn cắp và lừa bịp;

Thử hỏi với một đặc thù như trên, với một tư tưởng cổ hủ "quân xử thần tử, phụ xử tử vong" của Khổng Tử thì làm sao có được cái gọi là "dân chủ - tự do - nhân văn,..." ở đất nước độc đảng gần 1,5 tỉ người này? Thời phong kiến thì người Hán nhất nhất "quân xử thần tử", thời nay thì răm rắp nghe theo đảng cộng sản bởi đảng cộng sản là ông vua tập thể, đảng nói chết là dân phải chết, dân không chết là bất trung. Vì vậy nếu ông Trump có đánh cho nền kinh tế của Tàu cộng sụp đổ, gây ra nạn đói kém, nạn thất nghiệp tràn lan nhưng vẫn chưa thắng lợi trong việc "mưu phạt tâm công", tức vẫn chưa làm sụp đổ "hình tượng Mao Trạch Đông - Tập Cận Bình - hào quang giả tạo của đảng cộng sản" thì xem ra vẫn chưa hề hấn gì.

Cuộc chiến đánh sập nền kinh tế của Tàu cộng là một cuộc chiến trường kỳ, hơn nữa nếu trong hai nhiệm kỳ tổng thống của ông Trump đã làm sụp đổ nền kinh tế của Tàu cộng nhưng chưa chắc đã làm cho đảng cộng sản của nó sụp đổ ngay sau đó như Liên Sô. Điều này chắc chắn bản thân ông Trump và các cộng sự của ông đều rõ. Vì vậy, theo suy nghĩ của cá nhân, trong nhiệm kỳ tổng thống đầu tiên của mình, ông Donald Trump sẽ dốc sức đánh cho nền kinh tế của Tàu cộng nhũn ra như bột gặp nước. Sau đó ông sẽ kích hoạt cho Tàu cộng bộc lộ rõ bản chất tiểu nhân, lưu manh, côn đồ để có cớ cho Mỹ và Đồng Minh hô quân tấn công quân sự. Trước khi hô quân tấn công quân sự trực diện vào Tàu cộng, ông Trump phải khoanh vùng, cô lập Tàu cộng, ngăn không cho nó liên quân, liên thủ với đám côn đồ khác như Nga nô, Bắc Hàn,... Đồng thời ông Trump phải hoàn tất sớm việc "đóng chặt" các van tiếp máu cho Tàu cộng như Venezuela, Iran, các nước Châu Phi, Trung Cận Đông khác,... 

Theo Tiến sĩ David Lai, hiện là giáo sư nghiên cứu về An ninh Châu Á tại Viện Nghiên cứu Chiến lược của Đại học Chiến tranh Quân đội Mỹ thì "cách tiếp cận chiến lược của Tàu cộng được phản ánh trong môn cờ vây. Cách tiếp cận của người Mỹ đối với tư duy chiến lược được phản ánh trong môn cờ vua". 

Cờ vây - Wei qi là một trò chơi gồm 2 người chơi, một người có 180 quân cờ màu trắng và một người có 181 quận cờ màu đen, bàn cờ là tấm ván có 19 hàng ngang và 19 hàng dọc. Người chơi lần lượt đặt những quân cờ của họ lên bảng một lần trên các giao điểm của các vạch kẻ. Mục tiêu của trò chơi là chiếm được nhiều lãnh thổ nhất bằng cách bao vây các khoảng trống hoặc các quân cờ của đối thủ trên bàn cờ. Người chơi có nhiều lãnh thổ nhất sau khi tất cả các quân cờ đã được chơi, hoặc sau khi cả hai người chơi vượt qua lượt của mình, đều thắng.

Wei qi nghĩa là Vi kỳ, tiếng Việt là cờ vây, tiếng Nhật igo là một trò chơi dài đòi hỏi người chơi phải tận dụng những chiến thắng ngắn hạn - nhưng không bao giờ đánh mất chiến lược dài hạn. Ngược lại, trong môn cờ vua, những quân cờ mạnh hơn những quân cờ khác được triển khai với mục tiêu bắt vua của đối thủ. Mọi động thái đều hướng đến việc bảo vệ vị vua của riêng bạn và chiếm lấy đối thủ của bạn. Theo cách này, cờ vua được tập trung hẹp.

Vì vậy, nếu ông Trump vẫn tiếp tục dùng chiến lược của môn cờ vua để đối kháng với sách lược theo môn "cờ vây" của Tàu cộng sẽ là "rất nguy hiểm" vì sẽ rơi vào tình huống "không hiểu và không nhìn thấy toàn bộ và bề rộng chiến lược của Tàu cộng". Theo tiến sĩ David Lai thì hiện nay Tàu cộng đã đặt nhiều quân cờ Wei qi lên bàn như "thiết bị Huawei 5G giá thấp giả tạo - các khoản vay của chánh phủ cho các quốc gia trong bẫy nợ Vành đai và Con đường - GIA TĂNG ĐỘC CHIẾM & XÂY DỰNG TRÁI PHÉP CÁC ĐẢO NHÂN TẠO Ở BIỂN ĐÔNG -  chuyển giao công nghệ,...". Những quân cờ Wei qi này phối hợp với nhau để theo đuổi các hoạt động mua lại lãnh thổ khác nhau, sẽ hợp tác với các loại cờ Wei qi khác mang lại sự thống trị 5G, KIỂM SOÁT BIỂN ĐÔNG và ưu thế về kinh tế.

Còn theo ông Cựu chủ tịch Hạ viện Newt Gingriich thì nỗ lực cơ sở hạ tầng trong dự án Vành đai Con đường - BRI chỉ là một phần trong "kế hoạch của Tàu cộng nhằm thay thế Mỹ trở thành siêu cường toàn cầu thống trị trong vòng ba thập kỷ tới." Ngoài BRI, Tàu cộng còn sử dụng các chiến thuật mạnh mẽ được sử dụng trong cuộc đua tới 5G, QUÂN SỰ HÓA BIỂN ĐÔNG, trộm cắp tài sản trí tuệ và các hoạt động kinh doanh phân biệt đối xử để cùng nhau phát triển ảnh hưởng kinh tế, quân sự và chính trị.

Nhưng sẽ đen đủi cho Tàu cộng và khối CNXH quái thai bởi sách lược chơi cờ vây của Tàu cộng đã bị các chuyên gia chiến lược của Mỹ đoán định, bắt bài, tay ngang như tôi cũng biết thì không lẽ những chú diều hâu sát thủ như John Bolton, Mike Pompeo, Peter Navarro, Patrick Shanahan,... Phó tổng thống Mike Pence và đại bàng chúa Donald Trump không biết. Biết hết và vì đã biết hết nên ông Trump sẽ dồn ép Tàu cộng về Biển Đông để châm ngòi cuộc chiến tranh quân sự để chia năm xẻ bảy Tàu cộng ra, xóa sạch CNXH quái thai trên bản đồ thế giới. Bởi chỉ có chiến tranh quân sự mới phá được thế cờ Wei qi trường kỳ của Tàu cộng trong khi nhiệm kỳ của tổng thống Mỹ chỉ vỏn vẹn có bốn năm thôi.

Tran Hung


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Warner's Wife Praises His Triple Century With A Gandhi Quote

David Warner performed his best-ever Check knock. © Twitter David Warner, the executive plotter of the ball tampering scandal, scored a gritty triple century all through the second one Check between Australia and Pakistan in Adelaide. His unbeaten knock of 335 runs, laced with 39 barriers and one hit over the fence, used to be …

Review under way after Cambridge alumni confirmed as London attack victims


An urgent review of terrorists released from prison has been launched after a knife attack by convicted terrorist Usman Khan killed two former University of Cambridge students. The 28-year-old, who was released halfway through his 16-year sentence, fatally stabbed 25-year-old Jack Merritt and another Cambridge alumnus who is yet to be named. The attack on Friday afternoon left three other people injured, one of who was a member of staff, the university’s vice-chancellor Stephen Toope said. Khan was on licence and wearing an electronic monitoring tag when he attended a conference on prisoner rehabilitation hosted by Cambridge University scheme Learning Together at Fishmongers’ Hall near London Bridge. “I am sad beyond words to report that a course co-ordinator, Jack Merritt, was killed, as was a former student not yet named by the Metropolitan Police,” said Mr Toope. “Among the three people injured, whose identities have not been publicly released, is a member of university staff. “Our university condemns this abhorrent and senseless act of terror.” The attack has prompted the Ministry of Justice to review the licence conditions of every convicted terrorist released from prison, which Boris Johnson says is “probably about 74” people. The Prime Minister told BBC One’s the Andrew Marr Show that the other individuals were now “being properly invigilated to make sure there is no threat”. “I think it is ridiculous, I think it is repulsive, that individuals as dangerous as this man should be allowed out after serving only eight years and that’s why we are going to change the law,” he said on Sunday. Pushed on what action is being taken, Mr Johnson said he did not want to go into the “operational details”, but said: “I’m sure people can imagine what we’re doing to ensure that 74 other individuals who’ve been let out early on the basis of this Labour change in legislation, they are being properly invigilated to make sure there is no threat.” Mr Johnson said Khan was under “various conditions”, adding: “He had mentors, he had restrictions on his mobile phone, he had restrictions on internet access.” The medical director for the NHS in London, Dr Vin Diwakar, said on Sunday that one of the three people injured in the attack had been allowed to return home while the other two remain in a stable condition in hospital. A line of police officers were seen on their hands and knees performing fingertip searches on the bridge on Sunday, which remained closed with vehicles and buses still stranded. Khan, who was living in Stafford, was given permission to travel into the heart of London by police and the probation service. He had also been allowed to travel to Whitehall earlier in the year. Armed with two knives and wearing a fake suicide vest, Khan was tackled by members of the public, including ex-offenders from the conference, before he was shot dead by police on London Bridge. Footage posted online shows Khan being taken to the ground as one man sprays him with a fire extinguisher and another, reportedly a Polish man who worked at the Hall, lunges towards him with a narwhal tusk believed to have been taken from the wall inside the building. Khan was part of an al Qaida-inspired terror group – linked to radical preacher Anjem Choudary – that plotted to bomb the London Stock Exchange and build a terrorist training camp on land in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir owned by his family. A list of other potential targets included the names and addresses of the Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral in London, then London mayor Mr Johnson, two rabbis, and the American Embassy in London. In February 2012, Khan, who had been based in Stoke-on-Trent, was handed an indeterminate sentence for public protection, with a minimum term of eight years – meaning he could have been kept in prison for as long he was deemed to be a threat to the public. The sentence was quashed at the Court of Appeal in April 2013 and he was given a determinate 16-year jail term, with a five-year extended licence period, under legislation which meant he was released automatically halfway through the sentence. Sentencing law changed later in 2012, and if Khan was given the same sentence today he would have had to serve at least two-thirds and be released only if the Parole Board agreed. Despite the law change coming into force before Khan’s appeal, he could only be sentenced under legislation in force when he committed his offences. The Islamic State terror group claimed responsibility for the attack, saying Khan was one of its fighters, but did not provide any evidence. No-one else is being sought over the attack.

The post Review under way after Cambridge alumni confirmed as London attack victims appeared first on London Glossy Post.


Agricultural cropland extent and areas of South Asia derived using Landsat satellite 30-m time-series big-data using random forest machine learning algorithms on the Google Earth Engine cloud

The South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan) has a staggering 900 million people (~43% of the population) who face food insecurity or severe food insecurity as per United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). The existing coarse-resolution (>250-m) cropland maps lack precision in geo-location of individual farms and have low map accuracies. This also results in uncertainties in cropland areas calculated from such products. Thereby, the overarching goal of this study was to develop high spatial resolution (30-m or better) baseline cropland extent product of South Asia for the year 2015 using Landsat satellite time-series big-data and machine learning algorithms (MLAs) on the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud computing platform. To eliminate the impact of clouds, ten time-composited Landsat bands (blue, green, red, NIR, SWIR1, SWIR2, Thermal, EVI, NDVI, NDWI) were derived for each of the 3 time-periods over 12 months (monsoon: Julian days 151-300; winter: Julian days 301-365 plus 1-60; and summer: Julian days 61-150), taking the every 8-day data from Landsat-8 and 7 for the years 2013-2015, for a total of 30-bands plus global digital elevation model (GDEM) derived slope band. This 31-band mega-file big data-cube was composed for each of the 5 agro-ecological zones (AEZ’s) of South Asia and formed a baseline data for image classification and analysis. Knowledge-base for the Random Forest (RF) MLAs were developed using spatially well spread-out reference training data (N=2179) in 5 AEZs. Classification was performed on GEE for each of the 5 AEZs using well-established knowledge-based and RF MLAs on the cloud. Map accuracies were measured using independent validation data (N=1185). The survey showed that the South Asia cropland product had a producer’s accuracy of 89.9% (errors of omissions of 10.1%), user’s accuracy of 95.3% (errors of commission of 4.7%) and an overall accuracy of 88.7%. The National and sub-national (districts) areas computed from this cropland extent product explained 80-96% variability when compared with the National statistics of the South Asian Countries. The full resolution imagery can be viewed at full-resolution, by zooming-in to any location in South Asia or the world, at and the cropland products of South Asia downloaded from The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS):

Awaz e Pakistan | 01-December-2019 | sakib sherani |


The post Awaz e Pakistan | 01-December-2019 | sakib sherani | appeared first on Newsone.


Netherlands: Muslim migrant gets 10 years prison dawah for plot to murder Geert Wilders over Muhammad cartoons


Netherlands (the)
News Date: 

A Pakistani migrant male has been jailed for ten years in the Netherlands for his plot to launch a terror attack against Dutch firebrand Geert Wilders in revenge for his organising a ‘draw Mohammad’ free speech event.


Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



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How Pakistan Might Pursue its Future Strike Aircraft Needs

For the Pakistan Air Force (PAF), dedicated long-range attack aircraft have neither been available nor affordable. However, it has sought to build conventional deep-strike capabilities for decades, and with the market not responding, the PAF is looking in-house to find a solution.

How Pakistan Might Pursue its Future Strike Aircraft Needs

For the Pakistan Air Force (PAF), dedicated long-range attack aircraft have neither been available nor affordable. However, it has sought to build conventional deep-strike capabilities for decades, and with the market not responding, the PAF is looking in-house to find a solution.

Pakistan Conducts ‘Command Level Operation’ Exercise

On 29 November 2019, the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) announced that it held a ‘command level operation’ exercise – designated ‘Hawk-Eye’ – across all three of its Regional Commands.

Press Release: Pakistan Air Force Conducts Hawk-Eye Exercise (Video)

The Pakistan Air Force conducted a command level operation exercise with participation of all Operational Bases across the three Regional Commands.

Pakistan Shows Glimpse of its New Drones

At the 2019 Dubai Air Show, Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) showed both an illustration and a photo a test-launch of its new jet-powered target drone. It also showed an illustration of its medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).

Pakistan’s KSEW Launches Fourth Fast Attack Craft (Missile)

Karachi Shipyard & Engineering Works (KSEW) launched the Pakistan Navy’s (PN) fourth Azmat-class fast attack craft (missile) – or FAC(M) – on 27 November 2019.

Pakistan Think Tank is Back After Winter Break

Share List To All Our Readers-Our Winter Holidays are over and we are back on line.

Kartarpur permit free, says Punjab CM

Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh said here on Sunday devotees applying for visa online to visit Kartarpur Sahib in Pakistan were not being charged by the Sewa Kendras, set up by the state government. Anyone asked to pay any fee should inform his office directly, he added.

Объявлены номинанты на приз «Золотой ледоруб». Приглашаем 7 декабря на торжественный вечер Федерации альпинизма России


7-го декабря Клуб 7 Вершин участвует в организации в Москве торжественного вечера Федерации альпинизма России, посвященного подведению итогов года. Во время этого мероприятия будет проведена церемония вручения премии «Золотой Ледоруб» за лучшее альпинистское восхождение года. А также состоится вручение почетных знаков «Восходитель на Эверест», альпинистам, впервые достигшим высочайшей вершины Мира в этом году.


Планируется, что наш непальский друг Нирмал Пурджа (Нимс) приедет в Россию и выступит перед нашими альпинистами с рассказом о своем уникальном рекордном проекте и о своих дальнейших планах. Выступление в Москве будет первым его публичным выступлением за пределами Непала! Не пропустите, это историческое событие!


Выбор лучшего российского восхождения сезона состоится 7 декабря (суббота) в зале "Коллектив", Большой Знаменский переулок, 2с 3, м. Кропоткинская

Сбор гостей с 17.00, начало церемонии в 18.00...

Шорт-лист премии "Золотой ледоруб России" 2019 


1. Кьязо Ри, 6186 м, первопрохождение

Васильев Андрей, Осипов Иван, Рыбальченко Дмитрий, Шипилов Виталий

Отчет о восхождении:


2. Tangra Tower, 5820 м, первовосхождение, ор. 6Б

Прокофьев Денис, Попова Марина, Матюшин Николай.

Отчет о восхождении:


3. Trident, 5780 м, первовосхождение, ор. 6А

Маркевич Константин, Сушко Денис, Семенов Валерий

Отчет о восхождении:


4. Пик Блока, 5239 м, первопроход, ор. 6А

Парфёнов Александр, Тимофеев Вячеслав, Сухарев Алексей, Бабий Дмитрий


Отчет о восхождении:



5. Жанну, 7300 м, незаконченное восхождение

Нилов Сергей, Головченко Дмитрий


6. Гашербрум II, 8035 м, соло-первопроходждение без кислорода


Денис Урубко


Отчет о восхождении:







En seulement trois mois, Google a alerté 12 000 utilisateurs d’attaques

Google alerte ses utilisateurs ciblés par des attaques informatiques liées à du renseignement. La plupart de ces alertes visaient des utilisateurs aux États-Unis et au Pakistan.

Antara bags Bangladesh's first medal at SA #Games


Sun had won gold medal in the 2010 SA Games in Dhaka, but this time his effort was not good enough to match those of karatekas from Nepal and Pakistan. Nepal's Manday Kaju Shreshtha won the gold while ...

Antara secures first medal for Bangladesh in SA #Games


Humaira Akhter Antara, representing Bangladesh, won a Bronze medal in the women's individual kata event of karate. Pakistan’s Shahida secured the gold medal while Nepal's Danuwar received the silver ...

Improving community health worker performance through supportive supervision: a randomised controlled implementation trial in Pakistan.

Related Articles

Improving community health worker performance through supportive supervision: a randomised controlled implementation trial in Pakistan.

Acta Paediatr. 2018 12;107 Suppl 471:63-71

Authors: Aftab W, Rabbani F, Sangrasi K, Perveen S, Zahidie A, Qazi SA

AIM: To assess the effect of enhanced supportive supervision of lady health workers (LHWs) by lady health supervisors on integrated community case management of childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea.
METHODS: A total of thirty-four supervisors were randomly assigned to intervention and comparison arms. The intervention included enhanced training of supervisors on supervisory skills and written feedback to LHWs by supervisors. The performance of both cadres was assessed three times. Household surveys judged caregiver practices.
RESULTS: Intervention arm LHWs performed better than those in the comparison arm in assessing dehydration (92% [n = 25] vs 64% [n = 25]) and in classifying diarrhoea correctly (68% [n = 25] vs 40% [n = 25]). The two arms differed little in correct disease classification for pneumonia (44% [n = 25] vs 40% [n = 25]). Supervisory performance of intervention arm supervisors was better than that in the comparison arm in correcting the workers' clinical examination skills (64% [n = 25] vs 40% [n = 25]) and more frequent feedback. In the household survey, only 18% (n = 2182) intervention and 23% (n = 2197) comparison arm caregivers considered LHWs capable of providing diarrhoea and pneumonia care. Commodities for integrated community case management were not regularly available to workers.
CONCLUSION: Supportive supervision can improve community case management performance. Support through refresher training, logistics and commodities is essential.

PMID: 30570797 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


De#Coding motives behind the Kudankulam intrusion


The only two States which will gain the most from the KKNP spyware intrusion are China and Pakistan (Getty Images/iStockphoto) The North Korea-based Lazarus group’s attack against Kudankulam Nuclear ...


Some basic facts to mull over:

A new study from Brown University’s Costs of War project puts that terror into stark relief. It estimates that 800,000 people have been killed in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, and Yemen in the wars we’ve launched since 9/11, with local civilians representing the largest share of that total.
But that’s a conservative estimate. When you add those who died from preventable causes thanks to decimated health care, food, and sanitation systems in our many war zones, American University’s David Vine writes, the figure climbs to 3.1 million. The vast majority are civilians.
That’s over 1,000 times the number of innocents who died on 9/11—an almost incomprehensible toll.

Americans have also paid dearly for these wars: $6.4 trillion, plus significant losses of life and limb. Some 7,000 U.S. troops have died in these conflicts. 

Maybe toss out that when you're passing the turkey around the table.

"Iraq snapshot" (THE COMMON ILLS):
Tuesday, November 26, 2019.  More problems for Joe Biden and the protests continue in Iraq as another protesters is shot dead.

Starting in the US where the race for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination continues.  What also continues?  War Hawk Joe Biden's struggling campaign.  As Kat noted, Joe's lost a key staffer.  Vanessa Cardenas.  Marc Caputo (POLITICO) reports:

A senior Joe Biden campaign staffer in charge of outreach to Latino, African-American and women’s groups has quit her post, telling two allies she was frustrated over her lack of input and with the presidential candidate’s immigration rhetoric.

Vanessa Cárdenas, the most senior Latina Biden staffer, had been serving as national coalitions director since the campaign formally announced its existence April 25. She resigned last week and has since changed her bio on Twitter to say she was “formerly with @joebiden.”
Cárdenas did not return a call or text message, but two friends familiar with her thinking told POLITICO that she felt the campaign wasn’t heeding her advice on immigration as she tried to reach out to Latino groups that have had longstanding concerns with the former vice president’s rhetoric and record stemming from the Obama administration.  

Adrian Carrasquillo adds a few thoughts.

Important scoop by . Here’s some additional context I just found out. 1/x

  • According to someone with knowledge of Vanessa Cardenas frustration from her time within Biden camp, there was concern the campaign is not welcoming on any suggestions on tone, immigration messaging, and they’re defensive on Obama deportations.

  • Again, there was mention of how frustrated they were with Jorge Ramos pummeling from September debate. The thing is Latino staff/activists know Ramos would ask Qs like this since he did of Obama.

  • A feeling from people who have spoken with Vanessa Cardenas was also the belief that Biden camp is taking Latinos for granted.

    Biden telling a Latino immigration activist “You should vote for Trump” came after Vanessa Cardenas decided to leave but like Caputo said it underscored the reasons for leaving.

    As it was said to me, you don’t have to hit Obama to say to activists “you’re right, DHS and ICE have been weaponized against Latinos, I will clean house and will review orders of deportation,” even if you won’t say you will end them all.

    Kubra has clarified that she loves her acting career and she is not planning to leave it anytime soon.


    Pakistani actress Kubra Khan has revealed about her newly found spiritual journey, which led to many speculating that she might be leaving Pakistan showbiz industry. However, Kubra has clarified saying that she loves her acting career and she is not planning to leave it anytime soon and that her comments had been misinterpreted. “So no, I’m not leaving the industry. Unless, years down, I feel like I’m not doing what I set out to do, then yes I will change paths and this has nothing to do with money,” she told Galaxy Lollywood. She further added, “I’m no religious scholar. I’m

    The post Kubra has clarified that she loves her acting career and she is not planning to leave it anytime soon. appeared first on Style.Pk.


    Ahad Raza Mir and Sajal Aly get married in Turkey coming March


    If rumours are to be believed, Pakistan’s favorite couple Ahad Raza Mir and Sajal Aly are soon to get married in March 2020 in an intimate ceremony in Turkey. Ahad and Sajal’s fans have been eagerly waiting for the couple to getting married ever since they announced their engagement earlier this year. Now as per the latest buzz, the couple has been planning a destination wedding in Turkey. The rumors of their Turkey wedding have been circulating on social media and fans can’t seem to contain their excitement. The couple, who is lovingly called ‘Sahad’ by their fans, hasn’t reacted

    The post Ahad Raza Mir and Sajal Aly get married in Turkey coming March appeared first on Style.Pk.


    Opinion: I sent my daughter to study in America. Your gun culture killed her

    By FARAH AZIZ NOV. 15, KARACHI, Pakistan — When we sent our daughter Sabika to study in the United States from Pakistan, we were not fully aware of the gun culture there. That’s not something...

    Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



    Zong 4G introduces continental Europe roaming postpaid bundle


    ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s leading telecommunication network, Zong 4G has launched an international roaming postpaid bundle across Europe. Zong 4G customers traveling to 15 European countries will be able to enjoy seamless voice and data connectivity at highly affordable rates. Leading the digital revolution in the Pakistan, Zong 4G has become the first operator in the country …

    The post Zong 4G introduces continental Europe roaming postpaid bundle appeared first on Biz Today.


    Freed Taliban prisoner recounts SEAL rescue attempts

    SYDNEY – An Australian teacher held captive with an American colleague by the Taliban for more than three years believes U.S. special forces tried and failed six times to free them.

    Timothy Weeks was released last month in a prisoner swap along with Kevin King, ending an ordeal that began with their abduction in 2016 outside the American University in Kabul, where they worked.

    Weeks, 50, told a news conference Sunday he believed that Navy SEAL teams tried repeatedly to rescue them, sometimes missing them only by “hours” after the two hostages were moved to other locations by their captors.

    “I believe, and I hope this is correct, that they came in six times to try to get us, and that a number of times they missed us only by hours,” Weeks said.

    One attempt came in April this year. Weeks said he was woken at 2 a.m. by his guards, who told him they were under attack from Islamic State fighters, and moved him into a tunnel beneath where they were being held.

    “I believe now that it was the Navy SEALs coming in to get us,” Weeks said. “I believe they were right outside our door. The moment that we got into the tunnels, we were 1 or 2 meters underground and there was a huge bang at the front door. And our guards went up and there was a lot of machine-gun fire. They pushed me over the top into the tunnels and I fell backwards and rolled and knocked myself unconscious.”

    Weeks said he and King were shifted through various remote locations in Afghanistan and neighboring Pakistan throughout their captivity, and were often kept in tiny, windowless cells.

    While their lives were often at risk, he said he never gave up hope of being rescued.

    “I never, ever gave up hope, and I think in that sort of situation, that if you give up hope, there is very little left for you,” said Weeks, flanked by his sisters Alyssa and Jo Carter.

    “I knew that I would leave that place eventually. It just took a little longer than I expected.”

    While expressing thanks to President Donald Trump and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison for the work that led to their release, Weeks said some Taliban guards he had encountered were “lovely people.”

    “I don’t hate them at all,” he said. “And some of them, I have great respect for, and great love for, almost. Some of them were so compassionate and such lovely, lovely people. And it really led me to think about ... how did they end up like this?”

    He added: “I know a lot of people don’t admit this, but for me, they were soldiers. And soldiers obey the commands of their commanders. [They] don’t get a choice.”

    Weeks said he had hugged some of his Taliban guards when they parted company on the day of his and King’s release.

    Still, the sight of the two U.S. Black Hawk helicopters arriving to take them away had been an enormous relief.

    “From the moment I sighted both Black Hawk helicopters and was placed in the hands of special forces, I knew my long and tortuous ordeal had come to an end,” he said.

    “Out of a big dust cloud came six special forces and they walked towards us and one of them stepped towards me and he just put his arm around me and he held me and he said, ‘Are you OK?’ And then he walked me back to the Black Hawk.”

    Weeks, from the small rural city of Wagga Wagga in New South Wales state, said his ordeal had had “a profound and unimaginable effect on me.”

    His voice breaking, he said: “At times I felt as if my death was imminent and that I would never return to see those that I love again, but by the will of God I am here, I am alive and I am safe and I am free. There is nothing else in the world that I need.”


    New Amnesty report: Governments failing women human rights defenders

    Women in Lahore, Pakistan, march to mark International Women’s Day 2019 © Ema Anis for Amnesty International Governments around the world are failing to protect women human rights defenders from increasing attacks, Amnesty International said on 29 November 2019, International Women Human Rights Defenders Day. In a new report – “Challenging power, fighting discrimination” – […]

    Symbol or Substance? Modi’s Decision to Appoint a Chief of Defense Staff


    India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi revels in making bold decisions and upsetting the status quo. In September 2016, in response to a terror attack in Kashmir, he authorized an unprecedented cross-border commando raid on suspected terrorist camp a few miles across the Line of Control in Pakistan. A few months later, in a nationally televised […]

    The post Symbol or Substance? Modi’s Decision to Appoint a Chief of Defense Staff appeared first on War on the Rocks.


    Pakistan urges India to act responsibly, end its military occupation of Kashmir


    Pakistan has called on India to end its military occupation of Kashmir, open up the disputed region to the international community, and let the Kashmiri people to determine their future.

    In an article published in …


    Institute Of Space Technology Admission 2020

    On this page, you can apply online for the Institute of Space Technology admission 2020 fall application form last date and eligibility criteria for undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate programs are available here. Intake is ready in Islamabad Pakistan campus for granting the aerospace engineering and all programs related to this faculty. If you have the …

    Iqra University Spring Admission 2020 Last Date IU Application Form

    On this page, you will get details of Iqra University Spring Admission 2020 Last Date IU Application Form for bachelor and master degree programs in Pakistan. This is one of the top-ranking private universities in Pakistan which has been providing an excellent education from the last few years in Pakistan. Here in this page, you …

    Join Pakistan Navy Through Short Service Commission Course 2020 A

    We bring the latest updates about Join Pakistan Navy Through Short Service Commission Course 2020 A SSC online registration, last date, how to apply and complete eligibility criteria is all written here along with advertisement of Join Pakistan Navy Jobs 2020-A Through Short Service Commission. Positions are lying vacant in different branches where male …

    Australia vs Pakistan 2nd Test at Adelaide

    Series/Cup: Pakistan tour of Australia, 2019
    Result: Australia won by an innings and 48 runs


    Thirteen Pakistanis killed in Jordan Valley farm fire: civil defense statement

    Thirteen Pakistanis, including eight children, died when a fire swept through their makeshift dwellings on a farming estate in the Jordan Valley, Jordan's civil defense said on Monday.


    Jordan says fire has killed 13 Pakistanis in farming village


    Jordan says fire has killed 13 Pakistanis in farming villageJordanian officials say a fire has killed 13 people in a farming community along the border with Israel and Syria. The Jordanian civil defense says in a statement that the fire broke out early Monday in a shack where two Pakistani families live in the village of al-Shuna al-Janobia. It says the dead included eight children, four women and a man — all said to be Pakistani nationals.


    Lyon takes five as Australia wear down stubborn Pakistan


    Lyon takes five as Australia wear down stubborn PakistanSpin king Nathan Lyon snared five wickets, including dangerous half-century makers Shan Masood and Asad Shafiq, but stubborn resistance from Pakistan frustrated Australia's push to wrap up the day-night second Test quickly on Monday. At the dinner break in Adelaide, Pakistan were 229 for eight -- still needing to score another 58 to make the hosts bat again. Pakistan resumed day four on a precarious 39 for three with Masood not out 14 and Shafiq on eight after being bowled out for 302 in their first innings and forced to follow on.


    Pak army chief's extension: The Plot Thickens!

    'It is not difficult for a Pakistan army chief assisted by the deep state to manipulate a situation.''Pulwama, Uri and Pathankot, all come to mind,' cautions Lieutenant General Syed Ata Hasnain (retd).

    End of the road for Pak army chief?

    'A six month extension, if not extended further, would make General Bajwa a lame duck chief, altering the balance of his equations with the senior peer group of lieutenant generals,' says Rana Banerji, who headed the Pakistan desk at the Research and Analysis Wing, India's external intelligence agency.

    Follow 'Israeli model' to settle KPs: Indian diplomat

    His remarks sparked a controversy with Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan targeting the Indian government over its Kashmir policy.

    PHOTOS: Mumbai pays homage to 26/11 martyrs

    Among those who remembered the slain bravehearts, who fell to bullets of Pakistani terrorists while repulsing the deadly attack on this day 11 years ago, were their kin, politicians, government officials, sports persons and common citizens.

    The man who could succeed Pak army chief

    Lieutenant General Sahir Shamshad Mirza is the Pakistan army's new chief of general staff, notes Rana Banerji, who headed the Pakistan desk at the Research and Analysis Wing, India's external intelligence agency.

    Pakistan hangs brigadier for spying

    It is unlikely Brigadier Raja Rizwan was working for RA&W, notes Rana Banerji, who headed the Pakistan desk at the Research and Analysis Wing, India's external intelligence agency.

    Resentment over Pak army chief's extension

    As many as 17 three star generals will retire before General Bajwa hangs his boots, says Rana Banerji, who headed the Pakistan desk at the Research and Analysis Wing, India's external intelligence agency.

    Buoyant Warner unfazed after world record bid cut short

    Australia’s David Warner during nets.
    Australia’s David Warner during nets.

    MELBOURNE, Saturday -David Warner’s brilliant, unbeaten 335 in the second test against Pakistan on Saturday thrilled the Adelaide Oval crowd but a pragmatic declaration by Australia captain Tim Paine crushed hopes of a tilt at Brian Lara’s world record.

    Warner became the seventh Australian batsman to bring up three figures on day two and finished with the 10th highest score of all time after his 418-ball epic. The lefthander moved just past the 334 scored by Don Bradman in 1930 and matched by Mark Taylor’s unbeaten 334 away to Pakistan in 1998.

    Among Australians, Warner now ranks second only to Matthew Hayden’s 380 against Zimbabwe in 2003.

    With Warner scoring at a rapid strike-rate of 80.14, Lara’s 400 against England in 2004 seemed there for the taking as the man nicknamed ‘Bull’ punished a demoralised Pakistan attack. Batting partner Matthew Wade was providing good support at the other end and there were seven wickets in the bank.

    Yet with rain forecast in the coming days, sentimentality was shoved aside as Paine declared the innings closed at 589 for three, giving his bowlers a few overs before the dinner break.

    The skipper may have felt exonerated when Pakistan collapsed to 96 for six at stumps in a dreadful reply.

    Warner, himself, said he had no regrets but admitted he was thinking about Lara’s record as he motored past 300.

    “If the boundaries were a little bit shorter, I might have taken them on a bit more,” Warner told broadcaster Fox Sports.

    “Wadey kept on saying to me at the other end, let’s not run too hard and run ourselves out.”

    He said he had more regrets when dismissed for 253 in Perth against New Zealand in 2015, having been in rollicking form with a fast outfield. He now holds the distinction of being one of only three Australians to score more than 250 twice, the others being Bradman and former captain Michael Clarke. – Agencies 

    Monday, December 2, 2019 - 01:00


    Pakistan fight to avoid defeat against Australia

    Pakistan batsman Yasir Shah celebrates scoring his century against Australia on the third day of the second cricket Test match in Adelaide on Sunday. AFP
    Pakistan batsman Yasir Shah celebrates scoring his century against Australia on the third day of the second cricket Test match in Adelaide on Sunday. AFP

    ADELAIDE, Sunday - Pakistan was battling to stave off defeat in the day-night second Test against a relentless Australia on Sunday after being forced to follow on, with Tim Paine’s men needing seven wickets to clinch the series 2-0.

    The visitors, who have lost 13 consecutive Tests in Australia, were in big trouble at 39 for three when rain forced an early end, 248 runs behind with two days left and their top order decimated.

    They had resumed on an overcast and cold afternoon teetering at 96 for six in their first innings, in reply to Australia’s 589 for three declared, built on the back of David Warner’s monumental 335 not out.

    Yasir Shah smacked a dogged maiden Test century and Babar Azam hit 97 but they were all out for 302 and still 287 runs adrift.

    Mitchell Starc was the hero, taking 6-66, but he put Australia’s commanding position down to greater consistency within the team.

    “The first two Test matches, the huge partnerships we’ve had, the individual scores. We’ve talked a lot about big first innings totals and the guys have really responded,” he said.

    “We’ve been fantastic in bowling partnerships as well. Pakistan have had a couple of positive innings individually, but probably haven’t had that consistency.”

    Australian skipper Tim Paine enforced the follow on and it started badly for Pakistan, whose first task was to survive intact for 15 minutes before the dinner break.

    They failed with opener Imam-ul-Haq -- recalled after being overlooked for the first Test in Brisbane, which they lost by an innings and five runs -- out lbw for a duck to Josh Hazlewood.

    It was quickly 11 for two with Starc tempting skipper Azhar Ali into a thick outside edge and Steve Smith taking a quality catch just seconds before rain forced them off.

    Showers had been threatening all day and when they returned after 30 minutes Hazlewood bagged the key wicket of dangerman Azam for two, caught behind by Paine.

    But more rain soon blew in, to Australia’s frustration, and the umpires called it a day.

    Earlier, Yasir and Azam had kept Pakistan’s slim hopes alive with disciplined first innings batting.

    Better known as a spin bowler, Yasir had never gone better than 42 in his previous 36 Tests, making his 113 against one of the world’s most fearsome pace attacks even more remarkable.

    “It is a dream come true for any batsman to score 100 against Australia. I was very excited,” said Yasir.

    “I’ve never got a hundred before, anywhere, so I felt a little bit of pressure on 99.”

    In a scintillating spell under lights on Sunday night, left-armer Starc snapped up four quick wickets and the omens for Pakistan did not look good.

    But the gloomy conditions at Adelaide Oval offered little for the bowlers during daylight hours on Sunday and Azam and Yasir took advantage.

    They put on a 105-run stand and Azam looked destined for a third Test century until Starc pounced again, with the 25-year-old edging an attempted drive to Paine behind the stumps on 97.

    Azam -- who scored a century in the first Test at Brisbane and is rapidly emerging as his country’s top batsman -- left the field dejected but to a standing ovation. AFP

    Monday, December 2, 2019 - 01:00


    SA Games open – Lankan men and women fight for VB bronze

    The Sri Lanka contingent take part at the opening ceremony of the 13th South Asia Games at Kathmandu, Nepal yesterday.
    The Sri Lanka contingent take part at the opening ceremony of the 13th South Asia Games at Kathmandu, Nepal yesterday.

    The 13th edition of South Asian Games was officially opened yesterday with participation of more than 5,000 delegates, including 2,715 athletes at the Dasharath Stadium.

    Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari declared open the Games at the three-hour programme, which showcased the rich culture and diversity of Nepal at the newly reconstructed stadium.

    Javelin thrower Nadeeka Lakmali carried the national flag of Sri Lanka at the opening ceremony.

    Today Sri Lanka will be participating in the Women’s Cricket, Wushu, Triathlon, Taekwondo, Table Tennis, Tennis and Volleyball (third place). The Women’s cricket will be held in Pokhara.

    Nepal is hosting the regional sporting extravaganza for the third time after 19 years from December 1 to 10 in Kathmandu, Pokhara and Janakpur. Nepal is the birthplace of the regional meet. It started under the banner of South Asian Federation Games in 1984 and returned for the second time in 1999.

    The regional meet features 26 sports disciplines. Nepal is fielding the highest number of athletes 596 in all 26 sports disciplines. According to the Technical Committee, the SA Games powerhouse, India, has sent 487 athletes in 22 disciplines, while Sri Lanka has entered 568 athletes in 26 disciplines.

    Bangladesh has sent 470 athletes in 25 disciplines, while Pakistan has registered 263 athletes in 18 sports. Bhutan (116) and Maldives (216) are taking part in 18 and 12 disciplines respectively.

    Sri Lanka men’s Volleyball were in hunt for a bronze after being beaten by favorite India in the semi-final clash 3-1(25-27, 19-25, 25-21 & 21-25) at the Main Games Centre at Dasharath Rangashala.

    Sri Lanka will play Bangladesh for the bronze medal on December 3. The women’s volleyball team also face the same fate and are fighting for a bronze medal against Maldives today. Last year Sri Lanka ended up with silver.

    Monday, December 2, 2019 - 01:00


    India will surely be a permanent UNSC member: Jaishankar


    New Delhi: External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Thursday told the Parliament that India will surely become a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council one day and it was "progressing day-by-day".

    "I am realistic enough to know that it is long and patient effort. We are not lacking in patience, perseverance and aspiration. We will get there one day," Jaishankar told the Rajya Sabha in response to a query on when will India permanently join the United Nations Security Council.

    He also said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has reinforced India's relationship with all neighbouring nations, and that India is having good relations with all its neighbouring countries, except Pakistan. "Pakistan is a unique and different from other countries. With the rest of them, we carry a good rapport in terms of bilateral issues."

    Jaishankar also said that the visits of the President, Vice President and Prime Minister have enabled India to cement bilateral partnerships.

    The Minister said that the government has a comprehensive foreign policy outlook that reflect both the state of the world and India's growing role in it. "We have a multi-polar landscape that has been unfolding over the last decade, although its pace has hastened in recent years. Our own growing capability and influence is of course one part of this change," he said.

    He stressed that it requires India to strengthen multilateralism even while engaging in more intensive bilateral interactions. "It also means looking beyond orthodox diplomacy and arriving at issue based understandings with different combination of nations."

    Jaishankar also pointed out that to shape the global agenda effectively, India has to engage countries large and small across all regions.

    "It is only a matter of advancing our own national interest. The expectations that the world has to us is also very much higher. In our own region this is visible in the Neighbourhood First approach as well as in the SAGAR doctrine," he said.

    He said that India have pursued the Act East policy vigorously while building an effective bridge to the Gulf in the West. "Our Indo-Pacific outlook has steadily gained greater understanding. Our commitments to Africa and other nations of the South are well under implementation," the minister said.

    He said that the cumulative impact of all this is therefore a combination of greater diplomatic activity more intensive development partnerships, stronger security engagements and growing global profile.

    "Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas in the founding principle of our foreign policy as well," he said.


    World Expeditions wins Best in Adventure Travel


    In recognition of our sustained “Big Adventures, Small Footprint” travel philosophy we are absolutely thrilled to receive the Adventure Travel Wholesaler of the Year for 2019 at The Travel Awards in Sydney.

    We dedicate this award to all the porters, trip leaders, sirdars, cooks, office staff, consultants and every single member of our global team who work tirelessly to ensure that our travellers receive the high-quality adventure travel holiday’s that we promise to them.

    The timing of this award is serendipitous as we celebrate our 45th year of pioneering adventure next year and with the recent announcement that all our trips are 100% carbon offset as of November 2019.

    World Expeditions wins Adventure Travel Wholesaler of the Year for 2019 at The Travel Awards in Sydney

    Operations Manager, Sarah Higgins, who accepted the Award, said the culture of pioneering new adventures remained a focus at World Expeditions:

    Since 1975, when we became the first Australian company to offer commercial trekking holidays in Nepal, we have continued pioneering adventure holidays all over the world.

    "World Expeditions was the first company to offer walking holidays in Japan and Tibet and cycling in China, India and then Vietnam,” she said.

    “In Australia, we pioneered rafting the Franklin River and trekking the Larapinta Trail, and our pioneering philosophy continues today with our constantly evolving range of remote treks in places like Pakistan and India and with our most challenging trip – the 150-day, 1600km Great Himalaya Trail across Nepal, departing next year for the 10th consecutive year.”

    The Adventure Travel Wholesaler category recognises travel companies that package together unique adventure travel holidays to remote or exotic locations and/or taking part in physically challenging outdoor activities while on holiday and was judged by more than 50 of Australia’s most experienced travel industry alumni. It’s an honour to be acknowledged for the long-held policies we have in place to preserve the places we visit, so future travellers can also enjoy them.

    World Expeditions crowned Best in Adventure Travel at Industry Awards

    Among our many achievements and awards in the past 44 years, we are particularly proud of our:

       • Responsible Travel policies, including our porter welfare policies which help to raise the working standards of porters in Nepal; the development of our child safe travel policy; and our industry-leading Animal Welfare Code of Conduct.

       • 100% carbon offset adventures all of which support renewable energy and reforestation projects across the world.

       • Progression to eliminate single use plastic from our trips.

       • Community Project Travel programs giving travellers the opportunity to give back.

       • Charity brand, Huma Charity Challenge, raising over $6 million for Australian charities.

       • Youth brand, World Youth Adventures, giving thousands of students the opportunity to help underprivileged communities all over the world, following UN Sustainable Development Goals as guiding principles.

       • World Expeditions Foundation fundraising $70,000 towards delivered project works in Nepal.

    Awards such as this provide a wonderful reminder to our whole team, and to those who choose to travel with us, that the path less travelled is, for us, the right path.


    Dec 26, Pakistan: Day after Christmas

    Several countries and regions around the world extend their public holidays for Christmas beyond 25th December. For more information on this holiday, visit the link.

    London Bridge terrorist named as Usman Khan; 2012 Judge warned that he was a serious jihadist who should not be released while he remained a threat to the public.

    Sky News and the TelegraphUsman Khan murdered two people and injured at least three more in the attack on London Bridge on Friday. But he was not unknown to police.In 2012, Khan became a convicted terrorist for his role in the Stock Exchange plot, a planned scheme for a Christmas bomb attack on the London Stock Exchange, the American embassy and the home of Boris Johnson, who was then the Mayor of London.At the time of his sentencing, the judge warned that he was a "serious jihadist" who should not be released while he remained a threat to the public.In February 2012, he was convicted for terrorism offences and released from prison in December 2018 on licence, the Metropolitan Police said.He had been ordered to serve at least eight years in prison over his part in a plot to bomb the London Stock Exchange and build a terrorist training camp on land in Pakistan controlled Kashmir owned by his family.The Stoke on Trent based radical, along with two co conspirators, originally received an ...

    University of Strathclyde Commonwealth Shared Scholarships 2020 for Students from African/Developing Countries – UK


    Now open: University of Strathclyde Commonwealth Shared Scholarships 2020 for Students from African/Developing Countries. Apply now. Application Deadline: 18th December 2019 Eligible Countries: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Gambia, The, Ghana, India, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Eswatini, Tanzania, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia To be […]

    After School Africa


    Ürdün de çiftlik yangını: 13 Pakistanlı öldü

    Ürdün ' de bir çiftlikte çıkan yangında 8 ' i çocuk 13 Pakistanlı hayatını kaybetti.

    Pakistani Lady Caucasian Male

    Actually St Annes Based we seek a lady to join us M is 50, F is 42 adventurois, she is bincurious, he wants to fulfil her fantasy both shaved and prefer the same she wants big boobs and bum and for her playmate to be all access as she is interested then get in touch

    Turkey’s ties with Pakistan may bring it nuclear weapons


    Turkey’s ties with Pakistan may bring it nuclear weapons


    Turkey’s burgeoning strategic relationship with Pakistan raises nuclear concerns since Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan spoke openly in September about Ankara’s ambitions to pursue its own nuclear weapons programme, the Jerusalem Post said on Thursday.  

    Turkey already has the major elements for acquiring a nuclear capability – rich uranium deposits and the TR-1 and TR-2 Research Reactors maintained by the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority – the daily said, adding that obtaining fuel remains as the greatest challenge. But Turkey’s first nuclear power plant is now being built in partnership with Russia’s Rosatom.

    Meanwhile, Turkey has over decades shown great interest in learning the formidable skills needed to purify uranium and turn it into plutonium, the two main fuels needed for a nuclear weapons programme, the Jerusalem Post said. Now, strengthening ties with Pakistan may allow Ankara to access further knowledge it lacks, it said. 

    Turkey’s defence ties with Pakistan have been burgeoning, the Jerusalem Post said. Two Pakistani naval ships this year participated in a multinational exercise in south Turkey, while in October the Pakistan Navy commissioned a 17,000-ton fleet tanker that it has built in collaboration with a Turkish defence contractor. Islamabad has also agreed to buy 30 Turkish-built combat helicopters in a deal struck in 2018. Ankara, on the other hand, is buying MFI-17 Super Mushshak aircraft from Pakistan.

    “The flourishing defence relationship – with its possible nuclear connection – in turn takes place within a broader context,” The Jerusalem Post said. Erdoğan has turned Turkey away from the West towards East, and has now turned its face toward the Islamic world and the path of political Islam, it said.


    Muslim Does Kung-Fu To Stop Far-Right Thug Burning Quran

    A Muslim man delivers a kung-fu style flying kick to a far-right protester burning the Quran before police swarm in and pounce on them both. The incident has led to the Muslim man being branded a hero by netizens online after he stopped the public burning of the holy text during a far-right protest in the southern Norwegian city of Kristiansand. Footage of a far-right protester trying to burn a copy of the Quran during went viral on social media and the Pakistani Foreign Ministry has said: "It was underscored that such actions hurt the sentiments of 1.3 billion Muslims around the world, including those in Pakistan." More - More -

    Ürdün'de bir evde çıkan yangında 13 Pakistanlı öldü

    Ürdün'ün batısındaki El-Kerame bölgesinde bir evde çıkan yangında 13 Pakistanlı hayatını kaybetti.

    Weekly IntSum, 21 Feb 2017

    Security forces in the Lahore area of Pakistan have taken an increased threat condition posture due to Taliban activity including a bombing near the Punjab Assembly Building at approximately 1800HRS local time on 13 February that killed at least 16 and injured at least 74. A local Taliban offshoot, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, has taken credit for this attack. The incident involved a suicide bomber during a protest regarding amendments to laws regulating drug sales. The former provincial counter-terrorism c [...]

    Weekly News Roundup – November 27, 2019

      US Lawmakers Introduce Resolution Condemning Human Rights Violations in Kashmir A US lawmaker… Rashida Tlaib, … in the House Resolution No 724 introduced on Thursday urged India and Pakistan to engage in dialogue to deescalate tensions between them.… The resolution titled “Condemning the human rights violations taking place in Jammu and Kashmir and supporting Kashmiri self-determination” currently has no …

    Recollections of a Long Siege in Kashmir – By Mirza Waheed 

    The long war in and over Kashmir began soon after the Partition of British India in 1947. At the time, the future of the independent state of Kashmir was left undecided; in 1948, after India and Pakistan had fought their first war over Kashmir, it was agreed that a U.N.-mandated referendum would be held to allow Kashmiris a say in …

    Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



    Pakistan re-elected to executive council of OPCW

    HAGUE, NETHERLANDS: Pakistan has been re-elected to the executive council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). The OPCW, with 193 Countries as its members, is world’s foremost chemical weapons watchdog. The election for the term 2020-22 took place on November 28 at the annual Conference of the States Parties held in […]

    Pakistan re-elected as member of executive council of organization for Prohibition of chemical weapons

    HOLLAND: Pakistan has been re-elected as member of Executive Council of Organization for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. According to media reports this organization includes 193 members while ambassador Shujjat Rathore is representing Pakistan. Pakistan was again elected as member of executive council during annual conference of Organization for prohibition of chemical weapons in Hague. Electing […]

    Majority of Pakistanis have no access to clean water: Siraj

    MIANWALI: Ameer Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan Senator Sirajul Haq has said that majority of the Pakistanis have no access to clean water and even a large number of people in prime minister’s home constituency are drinking unsafe water. “Animals and humans drink from the same ponds in Tabisar [NA-95, Mianwali],” said the JI chief while addressing a […]

    PML-N seeks time from ECP to provide details of backers

    ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) on Friday sought time from the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to provide details of backers in party funding case. PML-N leader Mohsin Shahnawaz Ranjha and counsel Jahangir Jadoon appeared before the ECP and took the stance that no company is registered in name of PML-N in America, however, did […]

    Jordan farm fire: Pakistanis die as blaze sweeps through makeshift homes

    Eight children are among those killed after a blaze tore through iron sheds housing migrants workers.

    Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



    Indian National XC/DH team selections for 13th South Asian Games 2019

    The 13th South Asian Games 2019 is scheduled to take place from December 1st to 10th in Kathmandu and Pokhara, Nepal. Seven nations will be participating in the 13th SAG. Nepal, Pakistan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh and India will fight it out for the top spots. For 2019, Indian Cross Country and Downhill MTB team will be entering the competition. This would be a first for the DH contingent from India. Selections for the same were conducted in Gahunje, Maharashtra. Near Pune, the XC and DH courses for this…

    Pak army chief's extension: The Plot Thickens!

    'It is not difficult for a Pakistan army chief assisted by the deep state to manipulate a situation.'

    Over a dozen Pakistanis killed in Jordan Valley farm fire

    At least 13 Pakistanis have died when a fire swept through their makeshift residences on a farming estate in the Jordan Valley, officials said.

    Jordan farm fire: Pakistanis die as blaze sweeps through makeshift homes

    Eight children are among those killed after a blaze tore through iron sheds housing migrants workers.

    El accidente de Chernobyl. Partes I, II y III

    Europa fue escenario de las Guerras Napoleonicas* desde inicios del siglo XIX, las cuales concluyeron en 1815 con la derrota de Napoleon, en Waterloo y dejaron un costo en vidas humanas, entre civiles y militares, de 3-7 millones de personas.
    *Combates entre Napoleon I y diversos Estados europeos. No existe consenso sobre su inicio pues algunos consideran que se inicio cuando Napoleon se hizo con el poder en Francia, en 1799, mientras que otros consideran que tuvo lugar en 1803, cuando el Reino Unido le declaro la guerra a Francia. Como fuera concluyo en 1815 con su derrota en Waterloo, una localidad situada en la actual Belgica.

    Pero el continente no alcanzo ni siquiera a recuperarse de las calamidades de mas de una decada bajo la guerra cuando comenzo a ser azotados por un nuevo embate, esta vez de parte de los elementos naturales y cuyo origen ni siquiera tuvo lugar en Europa.

    En los años 1814 y 1815 el sudeste asiatico fue sacudido por 2 grandes explosiones volcanicas, la del volcan Mayon, en Filipinas, en 1814 y otra aun mas intensa y devastadora, la del monte Tambora, en Indonesia, al año siguiente. Ambos fenomenos permitieron verter a la atmosfera una cantidad inmensa de cenizas que ayudaron no solo a generar una mayor cantidad de nubosidad sino que tambien de lluvias en amplios sectores del Hemisferio norte durante 1816, año que seria calificado como The Year without a Summer (el año sin verano) en Europa occidental y America del Norte por la gran cantidad de dias frios, nubosos y con lluvia presentes esa temporada, lo que implico que el planeta entero sufriera una disminucion de su temperatura anual algo menor a 1°C.

    Anomalias de temperatura en 1816 en comparacion con la media de temperaturas para el periodo 1971-2000. Pueden ver que a pesar de que amplios sectores de Europa, e incluso del norte de Africa, presentaron temperaturas bajo la media de comparacion, el Este del continente, y sobre todo el Imperio ruso, presentaron condiciones mas calidas.

    Pero el mal tiempo, que en verdad no solo abarco 1816, sino que se extendio hasta 1818, dejaria su huella no solo en los registros de los especialistas sino que tambien provoco importantes deficits en la produccion de alimentos en el Hemisferio norte, en una epoca en que existia una agricultura de subsistencia por lo que se vivia con lo que la tierra daba de cosecha a cosecha. Al mismo tiempo, la anomalia climatica favorecio la aparicion de diversas enfermedades, como una epidemia de colera, que se extendio desde la India hasta Moscu, y otra de tifus que asolo Irlanda.

    El fenomeno dejo sus huellas en una gran variedad de actividades humanas modificando incluso el arte de la epoca pues la abundancia de cenizas en la atmosfera cambio los atardeceres, que adquirieron un tono distinto como pueden apreciar en la siguiente pintura del ingles William Turner en que se observa como el tono amarillento de la ceniza -presente en ese momento en los cielos de Europa- tiñe el crepusculo pintado por el autor en su tela, a pesar de representar una situacion de principios del siglo IX antes de nuestra Era.

    "Dido erigiendo Cartago, o el ascenso del Imperio cartagines", obra de 1815

    Y si bien la produccion literaria del periodo fue escasa, parte de ella adquirio sus caracteristicas gracias a las particulares condiciones de la epoca pudiendo, ademas, trascender con vigor hasta el presente.

    Junto al fuego de la chimenea

    En la vispera del verano de 1816 una joven pareja de ingleses, Mary Godwin y su novio y futuro esposo, el poeta Percy Shelley, partieron a visitar a otro poeta, otro ingles, el cual habia decidido dejar su patria y se encontraba entonces residiendo en Suiza. Se trataba del celebre Lord Byron. La joven Mary de 18 años escribia: "El verano fue crudo y frio. La lluvia incesante, durante dias enteros, no nos dejaba salir de casa".

    Lord Byron, poeta ingles nacido en 1788, en Londres y muerto en 1824, a sus 36 años, en la Grecia bajo dominio de los Otomanos que Byron trato de liberar, nacion aquella que lo considera un heroe nacional. Es considerado uno de los mas grandes poetas ingleses de todos los tiempos, habiendose constituido ademas en toda una celebridad en su epoca. Tanto su obra, como su misma figura, han inspirado hasta el presente a celebres compositores, pintores, escritores y tambien al cine. 

    Las conversaciones extensas junto al calor de la chimenea, donde participaban la jovencita junto a su pareja y padre de su hijo, nacido unos pocos meses atras, ademas de Byron y su medico personal, y tambien escritor, John Polidori, incluyeron la lectura de una compilacion en frances de relatos de fantasmas de autores alemanes, denominada Fantasmagoriana, lo que seguramente los inspiro a comenzar a hablar sobre el galvanismo, una linea de investigacion cientifica fundada por el italiano Luigi Galvani que se habia ido popularizando en la epoca, ante el avance de las investigaciones en electricidad, entonces una nueva forma de energia a la cual se le buscaban aplicaciones practicas.

    En 1816 la electricidad no era precisamente una energia de uso masivo, sino que apenas de uso experimental conociendose solo casi 20 años despues su primera gran aplicacion practica, con la creacion del telegrafo en 1833, en la version del estadounidense Samuel Morse, ingenio que permitia la transmision de mensajes codificados. 

    En efecto, la hoy conocida como electrofisiologia habia dado sus primeros pasos con el italiano, quien descubrio en las ultimas decadas del siglo XVIII los efectos de una corriente electrica aplicada sobre muestras de tejido muscular. Sin embargo, un sobrino suyo, Giovanni Aldini, decidio ir aun mas lejos e investigar los efectos de la corriente electrica sobre seres humanos, valiendose para ello de criminales recientemente ejecutados. Muchas de esas experiencias las realizaria frente a publico.

    En una de ellas, realizada en Londres, en 1803 los asistentes reaccionaron con sorpresa y pavor ante los espamos que sufria el cadaver, que pertenecia a un asesino recientemente ajusticiado en la horca. Un testigo de los hechos escribio: "Aparecio en el cadaver una respiracion convulsiva forzada, sus ojos volvieron a abrirse, los labios comenzaron a moverse mientras que el rostro del asesino, que ya no obedecia a ningun instinto rector, comenzo a retorcerse mostrando tan extrañas expresiones que uno de los asistentes resulto apesadumbrado por el espanto y unos pocos dias despues perdio la razon".

    Esa capacidad aparente de revivir tejidos muertos llevaria a algunos a probar los efectos de la electricidad tambien en lisiados para intentar hacerlos caminar nuevamente, pero en el caso de ese verano junto al lago Ginebra, sirvio de inspiracion a la joven Mary para escribir un relato luego de que Lord Byron propusiera a cada uno de los presentes escribir una historia sobrenatural. El relato, que adquiriria su forma final poco tiempo despues, se denomino "Frankenstein, o un Prometeo moderno" siendo publicado en 1818, de forma anonima pero con dedicatoria de Mary a su padre, un filosofo de ideas liberales, ademas de ateo y anarquista, pero que a pesar de sus ideas libertarias se oponia fervientemente a la relacion entre ella y su novio.

    Esa noche de julio de 1816, en que Lord Byron propuso a los presentes escribir una obra inspirada en un tema sobrenatural, sirvio a dicho poeta como ocasion para escribir el fragmento de una historia que luego abandono pero que sirvio de inspiracion para que su medico personal y tambien escritor, John Polidori, que lo acompañaba entonces en Suiza, escribiera una novela llamada The Vampyre, que seria publicada en 1819 pero no apareceria inicialmente bajo autoria de Polidori sino de Lord Byron para aprovecharse de la fama de este ultimo.
    La obra es considerada como la que inaugura el genero del vampirismo como tema literario, que sabemos daria pie a toda una serie de producciones cinematograficas de fama mundial. La obra de Polidori, en si, daria origen a adaptaciones teatrales y peliculas, la ultima de las cuales se estreno en octubre de 2019. 

    En la obra, su protagonista, Viktor Frankenstein, es un hombre que apoyado en la alquimia y en el desarrollo de la quimica de la epoca logra dar con el secreto para dar vida a lo inerte lo que le permitira crear un ser que luego intentara, en vano, destruir. Al reflexionar sobre su creacion afirmara en el texto lo siguiente:

    "No exagero al decir que no se podia mirar a esta criatura sin sentir un estremecimiento... Miraba a mi creacion inmovil, todavia sin concluir, mientras yacia en la mesa del laboratorio pero aun asi su deformidad sorprendia mis ojos. Cuando sus musculos y articulaciones comenzaron a moverse fue tan espantoso que incluso la fantasia de los artistas medievales que habian representado las fuerzas del infierno lucia palida y forzada delante de mi creacion ... Aquello con lo cual habia soñado con tanta pasion se habia transformado para mi en un tormento infinito, frente a lo cual ya no podia hacer nada".

    Si bien no hay una alusion directa a la electricidad como la fuerza motriz que da vida en la obra a esa criatura, el contexto de la epoca y de las conversaciones de su creadora en aquel frio verano de 1816 llevaron al cine a hacer precisamente de la electricidad la fuerza creadora del monstruo creado por  Viktor Frankenstein y cuya primera version filmica aparecio en 1910, en los Estados Unidos, en una pelicula muda de 16 minutos de extension.

    Esa percepcion de las fuerzas de la naturaleza como una capacidad todopoderosa y marcada por el sino de Prometeo*, es decir, como una virtud incapaz de ser dominada por el arbitrio humano, probablemente reflejaba no solo las esperanzas y temores de la epoca frente a la novel electricidad, de la cual era su expresion el galvanismo, sino que tal vez eran tambien una reaccion frente a la vastedad de las transformaciones provocadas por la I revolucion industrial, periodo en que el trabajo manual comenzo a ser reemplazado por la operacion de maquinarias que producian ya no a partir de fuerza animal bruta sino que de las transformaciones de la energia, sobre todo de la liberada a partir del carbon.
    *Figura mitologica de la Antigua Grecia quien se hace de manera furtiva con el fuego del templo de Hefestos para entregarselo como don a la Humanidad, accion por la cual fue castigado por los dioses que lo encadenaron a lo alto de un monte donde un aguila le horadaba las entrañas.

    Esa revolucion se habia iniciado a mediados del siglo XVIII y se seguiria desarrollando en el siglo XIX, permitiendo transformar sociedades agrarias en sociedades industriales y urbanas. Al mismo tiempo, sirvio tambien de preludio para una II revolucion industrial que tuvo lugar entre el ultimo tercio del siglo XIX e inicios del siglo XX llevando el desarrollo industrial hasta la produccion en serie y permitiendo, ademas, el desarrollo de medios de transporte de manera vertiginosa, tanto terrestres, como maritimos y aereos, junto con promover una aun mayor expansion y profundizacion de la urbanizacion.
    Asi como la maquina a vapor y el carbon estuvieron tras la I revolucion industrial, la II fue de la mano de la fundicion del acero y del desarrollo de las ciencias quimicas y la electricidad. 1897 veria nacer el motor Diesel, que seria utilizado a principios de siglo en buques y desde 1914 en locomotoras para despues ser usado en los recientemente creados tractores agricolas, en  vehiculos de carga y en tanques. En tanto la electricidad llevaria al desarrollo de la radiocomunicacion y la generacion electrica que condujo, entre otras cosas, a la aparicion del tranvia y la iluminacion de las ciudades.

    En ese vertiginosa transformacion de la vida cotidiana a cuenta de desarrollos cientificos y tecnologicos crecientes, que no se detiene hasta el presente, la energia nuclear asomaria por primera vez en las postrimerias del siglo XIX con el descubrimiento de los llamados rayos X en 1895 por el aleman Wilhelm Roentgen, lo que le valio recibir en 1901 el primer Premio Nobel de fisica de la historia.

    Los rayos X son radiacion electromagnetica de alta energia que fueron llamados rayos X por su descubridor para designar una radiacion por el desconocida. Fue precisamente Roentgen el primero en realizar una fotografia con radiacion X, lo que hoy constituye un procedimiento medico comun, y que pueden ver arriba, cuando el 22 de diciembre de 1895 el fisico aleman fotografio la mano de su esposa, en uno de cuyos dedos se puede apreciar un anillo. 

    La radioactividad (literalmente, emision de rayos), a saber, la emision de particulas y energia por el nucleo del atomo*, seria descubierta en 1896 por el fisico frances, Antoine Henri Becquerel, quien descubrio la radioactividad del uranio, mientras que en 1898 los esposos Curie, Pierre y Marie, descubrieron la radioactividad del torio y tiempo despues la de otros 2 elementos, que bautizaron como Radio y Polonio (por Polonia, la Patria de Marie Curie, llamada realmente Maria Salomea Sklodowska, quien aunque nacio en Varsovia lo fue cuando la ciudad era parte del Imperio ruso). Al mismo tiempo, tanto Becquerel como Pierre Curie descubririan en si mismos los efectos biologicos de la radioactividad sobre la piel humana mientras que la misma Marie Curie, fruto de su trabajo, moriria de sindrome de radiacion. De hecho, sus apuntes siguen hasta el dia de hoy emitiendo radioactividad.
    *Transformaciones que permiten que los nucleos atomicos se transformen en nucleos distintos, creando, a partir de ello, otros elementos quimicos. No existen practicamente nucleos estables (que no emitan radioactividad) cuando el peso atomico (numero de protones) de los mismos es mayor de 83 y su masa atomica (suma de protones y neutrones) supera los 209.

    En 1897 se descubrio el electron, considerado como la unidad de carga electrica negativa fundamental de la materia. Uno de sus descubridores, el fisico ingles Joseph Thomson, plantearia en 1904 un modelo del atomo, particula fundamental de la materia, que se conoce hasta el dia de hoy como el modelo del plum pudding (un platillo ingles de Navidad). Partiendo de la neutralidad electrica del atomo asumio a este ultimo como una masa en la cual los electrones, las plum* o pasas del pudding, se encuentran insertos en una masa positiva**, el pudding.
    *Si bien plum se puede traducir como ciruela, en la epoca la palabra era usada tambien como sinonimo de pasas cuando formaban parte de un pastel. 
    **Entonces aun no se habia descubierto el proton ni menos el neutron mientras que lo que conocemos hoy como electron era llamado por Thomson como "corpusculo negativo".

    Pero el modelo de Thomson, que suponia al atomo como una masa continua y compacta, seria pronto reemplazado por un nuevo modelo, planteado en 1911 por el neozelandes Ernest Rutherford y en el cual el atomo se transformo en un pequeñisimo nucleo rodeado por electrones que giraban a gran distancia, es decir, el atomo dejo de tener la consistencia de un pudding y se transformo en un espacio mayormente vacio.

    La base del modelo de Rutherford surgio en un experimento realizado por el y sus discipulos en 1899, donde sometio la radiacion emitida por sales de uranio a un campo magnetico. Esto le permitio discernir, al menos, 3 tipos de particulas que se comportaban de manera muy distinta al ser expuestas al campo magnetico y que llamo rayos Alfa, Beta y Gamma, siendo las primeros particulas positivas (equivalentes a atomos de Helio que han perdido sus unicos 2 electrones), las segundas unidades de carga electrica negativa, es decir, electrones y la radiacion Gamma rayos electromagneticos, siendo todos estas particulas producto de la desintegracion del atomo.

    La radioactividad es un proceso mediante el cual el nucleo de un atomo inestable pierde energia emitiendo radiacion en forma de rayos alfa, beta y gamma. La emision de los 2 primeros provoca una transmutacion  nuclear al generarse nucleos con diferentes numeros de protones y/o neutrones, y que puede llevar a la transformacion del atomo original en un elemento quimico diferente. Este ultimo concepto podria recordar a algunos la idea del Lapis philosophorum (Piedra filosofal o Quinto elemento), que en las leyendas de los alquimistas medievales representaba un reactivo capaz de transformar los metales en oro y tambien de crear el llamado Elixir de la vida (Es decir, de la inmortalidad y la juventud)

    En 1932 James Chadwick descubrio el neutron y casi de inmediato, tras su descubrimiento, comenzaron las investigaciones para estudiar las interrelaciones entre el neutron y el nucleo del atomo. Ese año se construiria, en Inglaterra, el primer acelerador de neutrones capaz de escindir nucleos atomicos.

    Pero a pesar de los vertiginosos avances en la ciencia del atomo durante las primeras decadas del siglo XX muchos ni siquiera sospechaban como el atomo acabaria determinando el futuro de la Humanidad en las decadas venideras. De hecho, Ernest Rutherford, considerado hoy como uno de los padres de la fisica nuclear, al dirigirse en 1933 a la Asociacion britanica para el avance de la ciencia, durante una conferencia sobre la energia, afirmo que sus trabajos sobre la division del atomo mostraban que no habia futuro alguno para la energia nuclear, sin importar si pasaran 200 o 300 años mas. Lo sorprendente es que dicha afirmacion la realizo cuando apenas restaban 9 años para la puesta en operacion del primer reactor nuclear de la historia y 12 para la explosion de 2 bombas atomicas sobre Japon.

    En 1934 el italiano Enrico Fermi junto a un grupo de colaboradores sometieron distintos elementos al impacto de neutrones. Entre esos elementos trabajo con el Uranio, el elemento mas pesado existente en la naturaleza, producto de lo cual pudo generar elementos artificiales aun mas pesados que el uranio, los transuranidos*.
    *Sus numeros atomicos (numeros de protones) van desde el 93 al 105. En el caso del Uranio-238, cuando absorbe un neutron, se transforma en U-239, el cual es inestable y lleva a que un neutron de su nucleo se transforme en 1 electron+1 proton, lo que lo transforma en un nuevo elemento, Neptunio-239 (de numero atomico 93). Este tambien es inestable y por el mismo proceso anterior se transforma en Plutonio-239 (numero atomico 94). Si bien este ultimo se puede encontrar de forma natural en las minas de uranio solo lo esta en cantidades extremadamente pequeñas. 

    El descubrimiento en 1939 de la division del atomo, que denominaron fision, por el aleman Otto Hahn, junto a los austriacos Lise Meitner y Otto Frisch, permitio comprender que Rutherford estaba equivocado sobre el futuro de la energia del nucleo pues se habia abierto la puerta a una nueva forma de produccion de energia, la energia del nucleo del atomo, la cual multiplicaba en 50 millones de veces la energia que producia la quema del carbon.

    C + O2 ----- CO2 + 4,2 eV

    Neutron + Uranio ----- Productos de fision + 200 MeV*
    *De esa energia un 80% es energia cinetica (asociada a la velocidad) de los fragmentos de fision, mientras que el restante 20% se divide entre radiacion generada por esos fragmentos y la energia cinetica de los neutrones liberados inmediatamente.

    La razon era la transformacion de la masa en energia segun la conocida formula de Einstein: E=mc2, pues la fision de la masa de un nucleo genera una disminucion de su masa, equivalente en terminos de energia a esa reduccion de masa multiplicada por la velocidad de la luz al cuadrado. Se trataba, de hecho, de la primera confirmacion experimental de esa ecuacion, seguramente la mas famosa ecuacion de la historia, la cual habia sido hecha publica por primera vez el 21 de noviembre de 1905 en el "Annalen der Physik", revista cientifica alemana de publicacion mensual. 

    Esto implicaba que si deseasemos hacer operar durante 1 año una planta de produccion de energia electrica a base de energia atomica y con una potencia de 1 GW* se requeriria utilizar apenas 1 tonelada de uranio mientras que hacerlo con carbon requeriria 3 millones de toneladas de este ultimo.
    *1 GigaWatt equivale a 10 elevado a 9 Watt, es decir,, un mil millones de Watt.

    Adicionalmente, ese mismo año se descubrio que la fision del uranio no solo generaba una enorme cantidad de energia sino que tambien liberaba 2-3 neutrones adicionales, lo cual planteo la idea de generar una reaccion en cadena, en caso de que esos neutrones pudieran ser utilizados para dividir otros nucleos de uranio de modo de hacer crecer el numero de neutrones disponibles para fision de manera exponencial.

    Neutrones como producto de fision

    De los neutrones liberados por fision casi su totalidad son los llamados Мгновенные нейтроны (Neutrones instantaneos) que surgen casi de inmediato tras la fision nuclear. Una cantidad menor a 1% la constituyen otro tipo de neutrones, los llamados Запаздывающие нейтроы, neutrones termicos o ralentizados en español, que son aquellos liberados entre algunos milisegundos y hasta varios minutos despues de que tiene lugar la fision.

    Ese mismo año 1939 se descubrio, ademas, que a pesar de que los neutrones termicos constituian apenas el 1% de los neutrones liberados en una fision nuclear tenian un rol muy relevante en una reaccion en cadena pues permitian la posibilidad de crear una reaccion en cadena bajo control, que es la base de operacion de un reactor nuclear, o una bomba atomica.

    La fision nuclear

    Solo se pueden someter a fision los nucleos de los atomos mas pesados. De hecho, ellos mismos pueden sufrir tambien fision espontanea aunque se trata de un fenomeno muy aislado*.
    *En 1 gramo de uranio tienen lugar cerca de 20 fisiones espontaneas por hora.

    En el caso del uranio-235, al recibir un neutron adicional comienza a estirarse hasta que las fuerzas electricas de repulsion entre protones (de carga positiva) superan las fuerzas nucleares de atraccion (que solo operan a muy cortas distancias) lo que divide al nucleo en 2 partes. Estos subproductos de la fision nuclear salen eyectados a 1/30 de la velocidad de la luz.

    Para establecer una reaccion en cadena no se puede tampoco utilizar cualquier elemento capaz de ser sometido a fision de sus nucleos. El elemento comunmente utilizado es el uranio.

    Este tiene varios isotopos*, siendo el mas abundante en la naturaleza el U-238 (99,3%) mientras que en segundo lugar en abundancia se encuentra el U-235 (con 0,7%). Cuando estos isotopos son bombardeos por neutrones ambos pueden ser fisionados, pero la fision del U-235 es mucho mas intensa con neutrones termicos al tiempo que los nucleos de U-238 solo entran en fision con neutrones instantaneos con energias del orden de 1 MeV**.
    *En griego significa misma posicion pues se refiere a derivados de un mismo elemento quimico, y que por lo tanto tienen identica posicion en la Tabla periodica de los elementos, sin distinguirse en su numero atomico, Z (numero de protones) pero si por su masa atomica, A (numero de protones y neutrones), por lo que tienen identicas propiedades electricas pero distinto peso atomico. Existen isotopos estables y radioactivos.
    **Concepto que se usa en fisica nuclear y que equivale a la energia necesaria para desplazar una particula cargada en un campo electrico y cuya diferencia de potencial electrico sea igual a 1 millon de Volt.

    En caso de menor energia el U-238 no fisiona sino que se va transformando en otros elementos, primero en Neptunio (vida media* de unos 2 dias) y luego en Plutonio. Este ultimo tiene una vida media de 24 mil años, es decir, es bastante estable, sin embargo, tambien puede ser fisionado con neutrones termicos, al igual que el U-235, por lo que tambien puede ser utilizado para generar reacciones en cadena controladas.
    *Tiempo necesario para que una sustancia radioactiva se convierta, debido a las transformaciones de sus nucleos, en la mitad de su cantidad original.

    Si bien en la fision del U-235 se libera una nueva generacion de neutrones la mayoria de ellos se pierde al escapar del recinto del reactor o al ser absorbidos por la mayoria prevaleciente de nucleos de U-238 (que al absorberlos se transforman, como ya vimos, en Plutonio-239). Por tanto, la solucion es enriquecer la "mezcla" aumentando el porcentaje de U-235, siendo el porcentaje minimo de este ultimo isotopo para mantener una reaccion en cadena de 3%*.
    *En la actualidad, se utilizan mezclas con entre 2 a 5% de U-235 para reactores de produccion de energia electrica, mientras que porcentajes de hasta 20% se usan en reactores experimentales y de investigacion. Cuando el porcentaje supera el 20% se trata de reactores para uso militar o en tecnologia espacial. Por otra parte, mezclas empobrecidas en uranio, con valores entre 0,1-0,3%, se utilizan en armaduras de piezas de artilleria.

    En general, las condiciones para crear una reaccion en cadena son las siguientes:

    1-Una cantidad minima de combustible (la llamada masa critica) pues, como ya se menciono, si la cantidad de uranio es muy pequeña los neutrones escaparan sin provocar fision. En el caso del U-235 esa masa critica es de 50 kg, que dada la densidad del uranio representa una esfera de 9 cm de diametro. Sin embargo, la presencia de superficies reflectantes de neutrones o de ralentizadores de los mismos puede disminuir significativamente esa cifra.

    2-Velocidad adecuada de los neutrones.

    3-Ausencia de otras sustancias al interior del reactor nuclear, que es donde se lleva a cabo la reaccion en cadena, que puedan absorber neutrones.

    En 1941 se descubriria que el plutonio-239 bajo accion de neutrones termicos resultaba aun mas facil de fisionar que el U-235 pues en promedio la fision de un nucleo de Pu-239 libera entre 2,8-3,0 neutrones mientras que el U-235 entre 2,4 y 2,6. En tanto, la masa critica de Pu-239 es menor, siendo de 11 kg, conformada como una esfera que alcanza 10 cm de diametro. 

    El primer reactor

    Dada la relevancia de los neutrones en el proceso de fision en cadena no sorprende que en la creacion del primer reactor* tomara parte el mayor especialista en esa particula atomica de la epoca, el italiano Enrico Fermi (imagen superior), quien habia huido de la Italia de la II Guerra hacia los Estados Unidos. Los trabajos comenzaron en 1941 escogiendose como ralentizador de los neutrones un material disponible en abundancia, carbono en forma de grafito. Sin embargo, el primer modelo de reactor, compuesto de oxido de uranio y unas 30 toneladas de grafito, no produjo los resultados deseados ante la falta de neutrones necesarios para iniciar una reaccion en cadena.
    *En buenas cuentas, es un recinto donde se lleva a cabo una reaccion nuclear controlada.

    En 1942 Fermi partio a trabajar a Chicago donde se construyo un nuevo modelo de reactor, constituido por 384 toneladas de grafito y 46 toneladas de uranio. Alli, el dia 2 de diciembre de 1942 se pudo constatar la primera reaccion en cadena, en una experiencia que tomo 28 minutos y donde la reaccion en cadena era moderada por varillas de cadmio, lo que impedia hacerla crecer de manera incontrolada, algo imprescindible no solo para evitar una explosion sino porque ninguno de los 40 testigos del experimento contaba con proteccion contra la radiacion.

    Ampliando el uso de la energia nuclear

    Los primeros reactores industriales se destinaron a la produccion de Plutonio-239*, luego de lo cual fue el turno de los reactores de menor magnitud para su uso en submarinos atomicos.
    *El plutonio es el principal elemento de fision usado para elaborar armas nucleares, dejando rezagado en un segundo lugar al U-235 gracias, entre otras cosas, a que es mas barato de producir que el segundo. Ademas, el plutonio es un combustible nuclear que requiere de una masa critica mas pequeña (para llevar a una reaccion en cadena), requiriendo cerca de 11 kg que, gracias a la elevada densidad del plutonio, pueden contenerse en una esfera de no mas de 10 cm de diametro. El plutonio se genera en un reactor nuclear que opera con uranio natural o empobrecido, el cual contiene mayormente U-238.

    Pero si bien los primeros proyectos en el area de la energia atomica, de principios de la decada del ´40, estaban destinados a su uso militar a fines de la misma decada comenzo a plantearse ya su uso pacifico como fuente de produccion de energia.

    La primera bomba atomica, Triny bomb, fue probada en el Desierto de Nuevo Mexico, el 16 de julio de 1945, en los Estados Unidos. La explosion de una esfera de plutonio del tamaño de una pelota de tenia, alcanzo 20 kilotones, es decir, fue equivalente a la explosion de 20 toneladas de TNT. 
    Si bien solo las bombas arrojadas sobre Hiroshima (conformada por uranio) y Nagasaki (hecha de plutonio) se han utilizado en un escenario belico cerca de 20 mil bombas atomicas se han hecho explotar sobre nuestro planeta.

    En el caso especifico de la URSS, el inicio de su industria atomica tuvo lugar bajo condiciones muy complejas debido a las consecuencias de la Guerra, tanto humanas y financieras como en su infraestructura. Sin embargo, sus esfuerzos humanos y economicos les permitieron en un breve plazo construir y poner a operar el primer reactor nuclear nacional, el F-1, lo cual tuvo lugar a fines de diciembre de 1946, en Moscu. En tanto, en agosto de 1949, en el Poligono de Semipalatinsk (actual Kazaxstan) los sovieticos probaron su primera bomba atomica. Los rusos afirmarian con orgullo que desde la puesta en operacion de su primer reactor nuclear hasta la explosion de su primera bomba requirieron 2 años y 8 meses, un tiempo practicamente equivalente al que le tomo a los Estados Unidos, que habian sufrido significativamente menos las consecuencias de la guerra, en terminos de perdidas humanas, economicas y de infraestructura y porque no se habia combatido al interior de sus fronteras. 
    El bombardeo de Japon con bombas atomicas dio inicio a una carrera armamentistica en el mundo, en el contexto de la llamada Guerra Fria. La URSS probaria su primera bomba atomica en 1949 y luego lo haria el Reino Unido, en 1952, seguido por Francia en 1960 y China, en 1964. En 1998 tanto la India como Pakistan harian explotar su primera bomba atomica. 
    Segun cifras de inicios de 2014 el arsenal nuclear global comprendia 16.300 bombas atomicas. Se considera que hasta 9 paises poseerian armas nucleares (aunque solo 5 lo tienen oficialmente permitido: China, Estados Unidos, Francia, Reino Unido, Rusia) mientras que otros 40 contarian con la tecnologia y los materiales para construirlas.  

    Produccion de electricidad a partir de energia nuclear

    El primer intento por crear electricidad se realizo en 1951 en Idaho, Estados Unidos en un reactor experimental que logro producir una cantidad infima de electricidad. En tanto, el primer reactor nuclear en ser integrado a la red electrica comenzo a operar en Calder Hall, Inglaterra, en 1956.

    Uno de los problemas de la epoca para crear instalaciones adecuadas para producir electricidad era que en la zona activa del reactor* debia aprovecharse el calor generado por medio de materiales que fueran capaces de soportar altisimas temperaturas y elevados niveles de radiacion.
    *El lugar donde tiene lugar la fision nuclear.

    Este trabajo comenzo a ser estudiado tambien en la URSS, en 1950, con la construccion de un reactor experimental, denominado AM, Атом Мирный (Atomo pacifico).

    Tras analizarse diversas variantes el proyecto escogido, aprobado por los academicos Igor Kurchatov y Nikolay Dollezhal, consideraba un reactor que usaria uranio (dispuesto en unos elementos tubulares que los rusos llaman TVEL) y grafito mientras que en calidad de refrigerante, para retirar el calor generado en la reaccion, se usaria agua bajo presion de 100 atmosferas*.
    *El punto de ebullicion de un liquido crece con el aumento de la presion mientras que se reduce con la disminucion de presion. A 100 atmosferas el punto de ebullicion del agua alcanza los 310°C.

    La potencia proyectada era de 30 MW pero no a partir de consideraciones teoricas sino que de consideraciones muy concretas dadas las restricciones impuestas por los deficits financieros y la destruccion propias de los años posteriores a la Guerra. De hecho, para la unidad de turbina que utilizarian se valieron de una turbina fuera de uso de baja potencia, del orden de 6 MW, y que resultaba adecuada para un reactor experimental, y que limito la potencia de ese primer reactor.

    Los llamados en ruso elementos generadores de calor, ТВЭЛ (TVEL Arriba, visibles como varillas cilindricas al interior de un ensamble denominado en ruso ТВС, es decir, TVS) los cuales contienen el combustible nuclear y se situan en el sector mas agresivo del reactor, se crearon inicialmente a partir de tubos de acero en los cuales se instalaban casquillos con uranio. Sin embargo, las pruebas mostraron que los tubos eran inservibles porque su tiempo de operacion en condiciones de altas temperaturas era solo de unas cuantas horas. Los resultados mejoraron cuando el uranio puro fue reemplazado por una mezcla con un 9% de molibdeno, lo que extendio su tiempo de operacion a varios cientos de horas. Pero aun mejores resultados tuvieron lugar al instalar la mezcla uranio-molibdeno al interior de una matriz de magnesio.

    En mayo de 1954 se inicio la carga de combustible del reactor, el cual contenia 546 kg de uranio con un 5% de enriquecimiento de U-235, y que comenzo a generar electricidad el dia 26 de junio. La potencia electrica del reactor experimental alcanzo 1,5 MW.

    El reactor, proyectado para generar hasta 5 MW, se mantendria operando de manera experimental hasta abril de 2002, cuando fue detenido definitivamente.

    El ritmo de desarrollo de la energia nuclear en la URSS no fue inicialmente elevado dado que en la epoca se le daba preferencia al desarrollo de la energia termica y la hidraulica.

    Entre 1948 y 1957 se pondrian en operacion 9 reactores industriales que producian plutonio (para uso militar) y solo 1 reactor, ademas experimental, para produccion de energia electrica (cuya historia acabamos de ver). Al mismo tiempo, se trabajaba activamente en producir reactores con la posibilidad de producir tanto energia electrica como plutonio (derivado, como hemos visto, de bombardear U-238 con neutrones instantaneos) de modo de darles un uso simultaneo, tanto civil como militar.

    A partir de 1957 los sovieticos iniciaron la construccion de centrales de produccion de energia electrica a partir de energia nuclear, construyendo no solo reactores con grafito y agua corriente, como moderador y refrigerante*, respectivamente, sino que tambien usando agua corriente para ambas operaciones (los llamados ВВЭР, водо-водяной реактор, VVER).
    *El flujo de neutrones que se genera en una reaccion nuclear implica la generacion de calor, el cual debe ser retirado por medio de algun elemento refrigerante. En tanto el ritmo de la reaccion nuclear es regulado, entre otras cosas, por medio de elementos moderadores, cuya labor es absorber neutrones libres, dejando menos de ellos disponibles para fisionar otros atomos de U-235.

    En 1964 comenzo a operar el primer reactor VVER, el ВВЭР-1, con una potencia de 210 MW en la AES* de Novovoronezh (imagen superior actual). En 1973 fue puesto en operacion el primer reactor del mundo con neutrones rapidos, el БН-350 (BN-350, en la ciudad de Shevchenko, actual Kazaxstan). En tanto en 1974 comenzo a operar el primer reactor RBMK, celebre por el accidente de Chernobyl, con una potencia de 1000 MW, en la AES de Leningrado y se inicio, ademas,  la construccion de AES en Europa oriental.
    *De aqui en adelante se hablara de AES como acronimo de Planta nuclear para produccion de energia electrica.

    En el periodo 1957-1967, en los paises de Europa oriental, Asia y Africa, la URSS construyo 25 instalaciones atomicas, lo que incluyo 10 reactores para AES, 7 aceleradores* y 8 laboratorios de fisica e isotopos.
    *Son instalaciones que aceleran particulas cargadas electricamente para que alcancen elevadas velocidades e impacten otras particulas. En la actualidad existen unos 30 mil en el mundo. En el futuro se espera poder desarrollar aceleradores capaces de crear incluso agujeros negros.

    En 1964 la energia total de las AES del mundo alcanzaba los 5 millones de kW. A partir de entonces comenzaria un rapido crecimiento de la energia atomica que fue aportando cada vez mas a la produccion de energia electrica en el mundo. Se iniciaria un boom de construccion de AES en los Estados Unidos, luego en Europa occidental, Japon y la URSS. Los niveles de crecimiento de la energia atomica alcanzarian cerca de un 30% anual.

    En 1972 los cientificos del llamado Club de Roma* publican un documento que se volvio legendario, llamado The Limits to Growth (Los limites del crecimiento), que a partir de modelaciones por computador afirmaba que el crecimiento economico no continuaria indefinidamente debido a la progresiva extincion de los recursos naturales, incluido el petroleo. 
    *Organizacion internacional fundada en Roma, en 1968 para analizar la evolucion de la vida en la Tierra a consecuencia de las acciones humanas. El mencionado informe de 1972 daria pie a una serie de movimientos sociales que estan marcando el desarrollo de la Humanidad en el siglo XXI, como el ecofeminismo y el ambientalismo. 

    La crisis del petroleo de 1973* le daria una publicidad sin precedentes al informe del Club de Roma, de 1972 y pondria a la energia nuclear como una opcion mas que oportuna debido a que la crisis energetica, que provoco un brusco aumento de los precios del petroleo, forzo a muchos paises a revisar sus programas energeticos privilegiando un mayor interes en energias renovables, la energia nuclear y la explotacion de combustibles fosiles al interior de las fronteras de cada pais.
    *Se inicio en octubre de 1973 cuando los paises arabes exportadores de petroleo establecieron un embargo petrolero a las naciones que ellos consideraban habian apoyado a Israel durante la Guerra del Yom Kippur (6-25 octubre, en que una coalicion de paises arabes inicio un conflicto belico contra Israel resultando los arabes derrotados. El conflicto dio pie al inicio de un extenso proceso de paz entre Israel y las naciones arabes). El embargo cuadruplico el precio del barril de petroleo pero tambien condujo a otros cambios. Asi, en la industria automotriz comenzaron a construirse automoviles con motores mas eficientes en consumo de combustible y tambien de menores dimensiones.

    En el contexto de esta crisis del petroleo el Presidente norteamericano Richard Nixon establecio un proyecto para construir mil reactores nucleares en territorio norteamericano hasta el año 2000 pero su salida del gobierno antes de cumplir su mandato por el escandalo Watergate* y la llegada a los gobiernos norteamericanos de personas contrarias a la energia nuclear** cambiaron la posicion de este pais hacia la energia nuclear.
    *Escandalo politico que tuvo lugar en los Estados Unidos, entre 1972-1974 y que termino con la destitucion del Presidente Richard Nixon, el unico caso de un hecho asi en la historia de este pais. Este tuvo relacion con acciones de espionaje en las oficinas, ubicadas en el complejo Watergate, en Washington, de George McGovern, candidato del Partido democrata a la Presidencia de los Estados Unidos para las elecciones de 1972, en que triunfo Nixon.
    **Estamos hablando aqui de energia nuclear no para uso militar sino que para produccion de energia electrica.

    La institucionalidad adecuada para comenzar una nueva posicion contraria a la energia nuclear se dio en los Estados Unidos a partir de la administracion del Presidente Jimmy Carter*. Su gobierno estuvo dominado por miembros de la Trilateral Commission, organismo creado por la familia Rockefeller, que se opuso a la energia nuclear y se inclino por el uso de energias renovables. Ademas, la Comision de Energia atomica fue reemplazada por el Departamento de Energia, que quedo a cargo de James Schlesinger, quien a comienzos de la decada de 1970 habia apoyado a representantes de las firmas mas importantes de Wall Street para iniciar acciones legales que finalmente impidieron la construccion de la central nuclear de Calvert Cliffs, en el sur de Maryland. Esta accion daria inicio a una serie de acciones judiciales por parte de ambientalistas para detener o postergar la construccion de muchas otras centrales en los Estados Unidos en las decadas por venir.
    *39 Presidente de los Estados Unidos. Solo goberno por un unico periodo, entre 1977-1981, luego de lo cual fue sucedido por Ronald Reagan. 

    Una circunstancia que reforzo la campaña contra la energia nuclear en los Estados Unidos la provoco el accidente de Three mile Island*, en 1979 en los Estados Unidos lo que, sumado a otros incidentes en Europa, llevo a una revision radical de las exigencias de seguridad, a un endurecimiento de la normativa vigente y a una revision de los programas de desarrollo de las AES en todo el mundo, lo que provoco un inmenso daño material y de prestigio a la industria nuclear. Asi, los Estados Unidos, que eran lideres en energia nuclear, dejaron de plantearse, a partir de 1979, la necesidad de construir nuevas centrales.
    *Tuvo lugar el 28 de marzo de 1979 provocando la liberacion al entorno de gases radioactivos y yodo radiactivo en un total estimado en 2,5 millones de Curie. El accidente tuvo categoria V en una escala internacional que alcanza como valor maximo VII, que fue el valor que alcanzarian los accidente de Chernobyl y Fukushima. El accidente en Estados Unidos tuvo lugar, coincidentemente, pocos dias despues del estreno de la pelicula The China Syndrome que describe una situacion, en diversos aspectos, similar a la de la central nuclear. A consecuencia del accidente, entre 1979-2012 no se entregaria ninguna licencia para construir AES mientras que se cancelaron los planes ya acordados para construir 71 nuevas AES, todo ello en suelo norteamericano.

    Sin embargo, no todos los incidentes con centrales nucleares serian conocidos por el publico dado el contexto de la Guerra fria que requeria, entre otras cosas, la necesidad de mantener una intachable imagen internacional. Uno de ellos fue el que tuvo lugar en la AES de Leningrado, en 1975.

    ЛАЭС, AES de Leningrado

    Situada a 80 km al oeste de la actual San Petersburgo, comenzo a ser construida en septiembre de 1967 y debia constituirse en la principal de las centrales construidas en la URSS con reactores RBMK-1000*. Su primer bloque de produccion de energia electrica estuvo listo para operar en 1973 mientras que el segundo en 1975, agregandose un 3er y un 4to bloques en 1979 y 1980, respectivamente. En agosto de 1981 su capacidad de generacion electrica alcanzo los 4 mil MW, lo que la constituyo en la central mas poderosa en Europa de su tipo.
    *En el curso de 10 años, tras la puesta en operacion del bloque de energia de la AES de Leningrado se pusieron en operacion 12 bloques de energia con reactores RBMK-1000 en la URSS, en las plantas de generacion electrica de Chernobyl, Kursk y Smolensk. Para 1986, año del accidente de Chernobyl, el total de bloques de energia en operacion con esos reactores era de 14.

    En la construccion de la AES de Leningrado se establecio que el costo del kiloWatt/hora no debia superar los 180 rublos de la epoca, lo que forzo a reducciones de costo en el proyecto que afectaron directamente sus sistemas de seguridad. Asi este proyecto, como todos los demas que utilizaron reactores RBMK-1000, no consideraron una cubierta de seguridad de la instalacion del reactor, lo que implicaba que 200 toneladas de uranio y mas de 1 mil toneladas de elementos radioactivos se encontraban practicamente en contacto directo con el exterior pues la cubierta de la seccion del reactor era en solidez equivalente a la de un edificio residencial.

    El accidente de 1975

    El 30 de noviembre de 1975 se produjo un serio accidente en la AES de Leningrado que para algunos pudo haber adelantado el accidente de Chernobyl en 11 años.

    Por largo tiempo los detalles del accidente en el I bloque de la AES de Leningrado (En adelante me referire a ella, a veces, como LAES) fueron inaccesibles al publico dado que en epoca sovietica todo lo relacionado con la industria nuclear era considerado secreto absoluto, salvo para un muy estrecho circulo de especialistas.

    Y no solo ningun medio de comunicacion informaria sobre el accidente sino que ni siquiera los residentes de la localidad en que se encontraba la planta nuclear sabrian algo al respecto al contrario del accidente de Chernobyl que no solo no se pudo ocultar por haber tenido una escala espacial mucho mayor sino porque sucedio cuando en la URSS se daba inicio al periodo conocido como Гластность*.
    *Glastnost, politica de apertura en las acciones de los organismos de gobierno y de libertad de prensa establecida por el Presidente de la URSS, Mixail Gorbachev en la segunda mitad de la decada de los ´80 en la URSS y que permitio, por primera vez, la existencia legal de una oposicion al regimen imperante (recordemos que las constituciones de los paises comunistas prohiben la existencia de oposicion politica). El concepto de Glastnost, sin embargo, es muy anterior pues surgio en Rusia a fines de la decada de 1850 con un sentido similar a aquel de la decada de 1980.

    Como la AES de Leningrado se encontraba bajo administracion del Minsredmash* el accidente se investigo como un hecho absolutamente interno de esta dependencia. Incluso se impidio que los representantes del Ministerio de energia sovietico, que se preparaban para poner en operacion las centrales nucleares de Kursk y de Chermobyl, tuvieran participacion en la investigacion del accidente de Leningrado o que pudieran tener acceso a los materiales de la investigacion.
    *Ministerio de construccion de maquinaria intermedia, el organo de gobierno en la URSS a cargo de la industria atomica. Se creo en 1953. En 1989 se unio al Ministerio de energia atomica para conformar el Ministerio de energia e industria atomica. 

    Los hechos

    En la mañana del 30 de noviembre de 1975 el personal de turno de LAES recibio una llamada telefonica desde un Instituto de investigacion cientifico-tecnologica situado a 3 km de la planta nuclear dado que tenian mediciones de radiacion que superaban la escala maxima de medicion de sus dosimetros y no tenian informacion de alguna anomalia en el recinto del Instituto de investigacion.

    Esa misma mañana, en el panel de control de la central nuclear, habian surgido varias señales de alarma que daban cuenta de la destruccion de varios canales tecnologicos*.
    *Tuberia de un reactor nuclear que tiene posicion vertical u horizontal y que en los reactores RBMK alcanza un total de 1693. Alberga las varillas con combustible nuclear y permite el paso de un refrigerante, agua corriente en el caso de esos reactores. Las tuberias tienen un largo de 18,36 metros. 

    Cuando llego el personal de turno del 1° de diciembre se encontro con que el reactor se habia detenido y que habia una fuga de radiacion que afectaba a la planta nuclear y que se habia extendido tambien fuera del perimetro de la misma.

    Que habia sucedido?

    A partir del 1° de noviembre de 1974 se habia comenzado a realizar una serie de pruebas con el primer modelo de reactor RBMK-1000 de modo que despues de concluirlas se transformara en modelo para una serie de reactores futuros de la misma clase. En la vispera del accidente se habia iniciado una prueba de gran escala luego de la cual el reactor comenzaria a operar como modelo para otras AES sovieticas.

    En la noche del dia 29 al 30 se debia descargar uno de los 2 turbogeneradores del bloque* I de la planta nuclear para realizar labores de mantencion, sin embargo, por error del operador este saco de operacion no el turbogenerador que se habia descargado sino que otro en funcionamiento, lo que llevo a que se pusiera en operacion el sistema de emergencia del reactor nuclear lo que lo llevaria a su detencion.
    *Bloque energetico de una central nuclear destinado a la produccion de energia electrica. Considera diverso equipamiento como el reactor nuclear, la turbina, un turbogenerador, un transformador, etc. 

    Cuando el jefe de turno se dio cuenta del error ordeno poner en operacion lo antes posible el turbogenerador que se saco erroneamente de operacion.

    La situacion debia resolverse lo antes posible ante el riesgo de que el reactor cayera en lo que se conoce como Foso de Yodo y se bloqueara la operacion del reactor.

    Foso de yodo

    Lo primero que debemos tener presente es que en un reactor la fision del combustible nuclear va generando deshechos, algunos de los cuales pueden ser intensivos en absorcion de neutrones*, como el Xenon-135 o el Samario-149, por lo que pueden disminuir la reactividad del reactor, es decir, su capacidad, de mantener una reaccion en cadena.
    *Recordemos que sin neutrones no puede haber fision de nucleos atomicos. Son ellos el detonante permanente de la reaccion.

    Cuando el U-235 impactado por neutrones entra en fision, ademas de generar neutrones adicionales, forma distintos subproductos. En contadas ocasiones se puede formar Xe-135* directamente, algo que ocurre en un 0,3% de las ocasiones y por lo tanto resulta irrelevante, sin embargo, en un 6,3% de las veces se forma Yodo-135, el cual es radioactivo** y se va transformando en Xe-135, mas 1 electron.
    *El Xenon-135 es un muy buen absorbedor de neutrones, por lo que si su cantidad aumenta la reactividad en el reactor (la capacidad del reactor de mantener una reaccion nuclear en cadena) disminuye drasticamente.
    **El que sea radioactivo supone que es una sustancia inestable, por lo que se transforma en otra despues de un tiempo, segun una tasa o ritmo que se denomina Vida media.  

    Es decir, un reactor esta creando todo el tiempo Yodo 135, pero la mitad de el se transforma despues de 6,6 horas en Xe-135. Este ultimo elemento es tambien radioactivo, con una vida media de 9,1 horas, tiem

    El accidente de Chernoby, III parte

    Despues de Chernobyl

    El desarrollo de la energia nuclear como fuente de produccion de energia electrica recibio su primer golpe tras el accidente de 1979 en Three Mile Island, Estados Unidos pues provoco que la construccion de nuevas plantas nucleares cayera desde una media de 24 nuevos reactores anuales, en la decada previa al accidente, a solo 10 en la decada posterior.

    El accidente llevo, ademas, a modificaciones en los diseños de nuevos reactores y tambien a que se incrementaran sus especificaciones de seguridad. Estos cambios se aplicaron tambien a reactores en construccion lo que genero inevitables retrasos en su construccion y aumentos tambien en sus costos.

    Reactores nucleares que iniciaron su construccion en el mundo en cada año, entre 1955-2014

    Sin embargo, las consecuencias del accidente en Chernobyl fueron mucho mas serias y de largo plazo para la industria pues socavo la confianza del mundo hacia la energia nuclear lo que llevo a muchos  paises a interrumpir ya sea planes de desarrollo futuro para instalar energia nuclear o la continuidad en la operacion de programas nucleares. Por ello, entre 1986 y 2002 no se construyo ninguna planta electrica a energia nuclear en los paises de America del Norte y de Europa occidental y no solo por la presion de la opinion publica sino tambien debido a que subieron de manera significativa los costos de los seguros y disminuyo la rentabilidad de la energia nuclear.

    En la URSS, en tanto, se congelo la construccion de decenas de nuevos bloques de energia en las plantas electricas a energia nuclear en diferentes provincias y republicas.

    El accidente de Chernobyl, ademas, se produjo en un momento mas que inoportuno para el mercado de la energia nuclear y las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero pues en los siguientes 25 años despues del accidente la demanda por electricidad se duplico a nivel global al tiempo que declino la construccion de centrales nucleares. Producto de lo anterior, la participacion de la energia nuclear en la produccion de energia electrica a nivel global paso de 18% en 1996 a solo 11% en 2014.

    El grafico superior permite ver en trazado continuo azul la generacion de electricidad a partir de energia nuclear en el mundo en tanto que en rojo se observa el % que la energia nuclear representa dentro de las distintas fuentes de generacion de electricidad. Se puede observa que la produccion de energia electrica a partir de energia nuclear se estabiliza en el siglo XXI y cae despues del accidente de Fukushima. En tanto, su % a nivel global, dentro del total de las fuentes que producen electricidad, cae sostenidamente en el siglo XXI.

    Energia nuclear hoy

    Actualmente, existen en el mundo 444 reactores nucleares* en actividad en 31 paises, los cuales producen un porcentaje cada vez menor de la electricidad a nivel mundial, hoy de 11%**. En contraste, cerca del 80% de la produccion global de electricidad corre a cuenta de energias fosiles, como el gas, el petroleo o el carbon.
    *La mayoria de los reactores actuales fueron construidos en las decadas de 1970 y 1980 lo que les da una edad promedio en torno a 30 años. Los reactores mas viejos se encuentran en los Estados Unidos, con una edad media entre 35-40 años. En tanto, en la Union Europea y las ex naciones sovieticas su edad alcanza una media en torno a 30 años.
    **El 10,55% que aporta la energia nuclear la deja en segundo lugar tras la hidroelectricidad (16%) como fuente de energia que no utiliza combustibles fosiles para producir electricidad.

    Hoy la capacidad de generacion de energia a partir de centrales nucleares es de 345 GW. Como pueden apreciar en el grafico superior el peak de generacion se alcanzo en 2005, con 378 GW, capacidad que ha ido mermando debido a los reactores que han ido saliendo del mercado despues del accidente de Fukushima, como es el caso de Alemania que cerro 8 reactores en 2011.

    Dentro de la jibarizada industria nuclear hay un continente que ha ido recorriendo una direccion distinta: Asia, continente que se encuentra hoy liderando la industria nuclear a nivel global habiendo agregado 51 nuevos reactores entre 1996 y 2016, periodo en el cual el resto del mundo ha construido solo 30 de ellos. China, en particular, tiene los reactores mas nuevos en el mundo, con una edad promedio inferior a los 8 años.

    Si miramos al resto del mundo podemos ver que Africa cuenta con solo una central nuclear en operacion para produccion de energia electrica, en Koeburg, Sudafrica. Sudamerica, en tanto, cuenta con 2, una en Argentina y otra en Brasil.

    El grafico permite apreciar la generacion de GW a partir de energia nuclear entre 1955-2014 para distintas naciones. El predominio global lo mantienen los Estados Unidos y Francia mientras que Japon ha caido drasticamente. En tanto, distintos paises asiaticos, como China, Corea del Sur y Rusia (euro-asiatico), han ido subiendo significativamente su produccion de energia electrica.

    En los 31 paises que utilizan energia nuclear esta constituye una parte significativa de su generacion de energia electrica. El primer lugar lo tiene Francia, con 72%, seguido de Ucrania, con 55%, Suecia, con 40% y Corea del Sur, con 27%, tras los cuales hay una serie de paises con cerca de un 20%: Estados Unidos, Reino Unido, Rusia.

    En terminos de kW/hora anuales el primer lugar de la produccion global lo tiene Estados Unidos, con 804 mil millones, seguido por Francia, con 379 mil millones, China, con 210 mil millones y Rusia con 203 mil millones.

    Futuro de la energia nuclear

    Por mas de 30 años en paises desarrollados como los Estados Unidos, Canada, en paises miembros de la Union Europa o en Japon la energia atomica fue o ha seguido siendo la principal fuente de produccion de energia electrica sin relacion con hidrocarburos. Ademas, en algunos paises juega un rol fundamental en su seguridad energetica. Sin embargo, el futuro de esta energia es indefinido debido a cuestiones politicas, factores economicos y a la posicion de los reguladores en paises desarrollados, donde se comienzan a cerrar viejas AES.

    En total en el mundo se encuentra en construccion 56 nuevos reactores y hasta 2030 se planean construir otros 153 lo que, a proposito, llevara a un aumento en la demanda por uranio natural hasta las 98 mil toneladas para 2030.

    En el mercado del uranio casi un 90% de la produccion proviene de paises que practicamente no lo utilizan mientras que casi un 90% de la demanda es de paises que practicamente no lo producen. 
    En 2017 casi 3/4 de su produccion era responsabilidad de 3 paises: Kazaxstan (39%), Canada (22%) y Australia (10%). En terminos de demanda esta proviene en los ultimos años principalmente de paises aisaticos.

    Actualmente, operan 142 centrales nucleares en 30 paises y a pesar de su uso decreciente hay naciones que estan hoy apostando por su uso en el futuro.

    Asi, en Bangladesh, donde no existe produccion de electricidad a partir de energia nuclear, su Ministro de ciencia y tecnologia, Yafesh Osman afirmo a fines de 2018 en una cumbre en Moscu que: "Bangladesh padece de manera relevante las consecuencias del cambio climatico por lo cual nosotros entendemos la importancia de utilizar ese modo de generar energia electrica que no provocara daños colaterales. Ademas de eso, el costo de la energia atomica es bajo".

    Otro ejemplo destacable es el de Arabia Saudita, el mayor productor y consumidor de energia electrica entre los paises del Golfo persico, de la cual un 41% se produce a partir de petroleo y un 59% de gas, y que espera hacia 2040 producir un 15% de sus necesidades de energia electrica con energia nuclear. De todos modos, sus aspiraciones para diversificar su matriz parecen mas enfocadas a contrapesar a su archirrival en Medio Oriente: Iran, con el proposito de estar en condiciones de desarrollar armas nucleares en caso de que Iran diera ese primer paso. Y, de hecho, los saudies ya estan poniendo en operacion su primer reactor nuclear de investigacion.

    En tanto, Hungria produce en la actualidad casi la mitad de su energia electrica a partir de energia nuclear a cuenta de su unica central nuclear, Paksh*(imagen superior), y esperan aumentar esa cuota hasta un 90% en 2030 luego de que se complete la construccion y puesta en operacion de 2 nuevos reactores.
    *Puesta en operacion el 28 de diciembre de 1982. Cuenta con una potencia electrica de 1940 MW a partir de la operacion de 4 bloques energeticos. En diciembre de 2014 se firmaron los documentos para la construccion de un 5to y 6to bloques energeticos.

    En paises como Rusia, China, India, Republica de Corea, Estados Unidos, Canada y Finlandia se elaboran y desarrollan programas para el desarrollo intensivo de energia nuclear. Para 2020, en la India se habran construido entre 20 y 30 nuevos bloques de energia, mientras que en China se considera incrementar la potencia total hasta 50 GW.

    En Rusia existen 31 centrales nucleares para produccion de electricidad, lo que implica un 16% en el aporte a la produccion global de energia del pais mientras que para 2020 se espera subir ese porcentaje a 25-30%.

    Sin embargo, en muchos paises aparecen perspectivas mas que confusas frente a la energia atomica debido a que en los paises desarrollados se puede producir una brusca disminucion en el numero de sus AES. Segun los partidarios de la energia atomica, ese hecho llevara a un aumento de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero* en miles de millones de toneladas. 
    *Aumento de temperatura en las capas mas bajas de la atmosfera debido a la presencia sobretodo de vapor de agua, metano y CO2 en capas superiores de la misma, lo que permite la conservacion de calor sobre la superficie terrestre. Debemos tener presente que si no existiera la atmosfera la temperatura sobre la superficie terrestre seria de -18°C. 

    Si se consideran las cifras a nivel global se puede observar que si no se toman nuevas decisiones politicas hacia 2025 las economias desarrolladas podrian perder 1/4 de su capacidad instalada en energia atomica y 2/3 para 2040.

    Cantidad de reactores en operacion en el mundo hasta 2016 (en purpura) y luego proyeccion de los mismos. Estan marcados 3 accidentes de centrales nucleares para generacion de electricidad, el de 1979 en Three Mile Island, en Estados Unidos, el de Chernobyl en 1996 y el de Fukushima, en 2011. Puede verse que el primero de ellos no afecto mayormente la industria nuclear pero si lo hizo el de Chernobyl que estanco la puesta en operacion de nuevos reactores, hecho que solo se ha acentuado con los años.

    Para los especialistas que apoyan el uso de la energia nuclear el punto clave en relacion a su uso en el futuro tiene que ver, en primer lugar, con el incremento de la poblacion humana, luego con los requirimientos per capita de energia de los seres humanos, pues se presentara una demanda creciente de energia y, finalmente, con las reservas de energia existentes en nuestro planeta.

    Los partidarios de la energia nuclear afirman que ante la expectativas de agotamiento del petroleo en 50 años, del gas en 100 años y del carbon, dentro de 5 siglos, deberian abocarse todos los esfuerzos a generar reactores capaces de operar con U-238, el isotopo mas abundante de este mineral (cuyas existencias serian suficientes para varios cientos de miles de años) dado que las reservas de U-235, mineral que constituye apenas un 0,72% del uranio existente en la naturaleza se extinguiran en 100 años mas.

    Aumento de poblacion a tasas crecientes

    Entre 2000-2018 la poblacion crecio en un 20% en casi todos los continentes salvo en Europa donde practicamente se estanco y en Africa, donde crecio en un 50%

    Si observamos la evolucion de poblacion en la Tierra, podemos ver que para alcanzar los primeros mil millones de habitantes tuvimos que recorrer practicamente toda la historia humana, pues se requirio el periodo que va desde la prehistoria hasta 1800. Sin embargo, para alcanzar los siguientes mil millones se requirio cada vez menos tiempo. Asi, los 2 mil millones se alcanzaron dentro de 130 años, los 3 mil millones tras 30 años y en la actualidad agregar un nuevo 1 mil millon de personas requiere apenas 13 años. A pesar de este ritmo exhorbitante de aumento de poblacion, desde 1990 su velocidad de aumento comenzo a reducirse estimandose que se estabilice en 12 mil millones hacia 2150.

    El grafico superior permite apreciar que en America, Australia y Europa el crecimiento poblacional se encuentra detenido mientras que en Asia esta creciendo a tasas cada vez mas bajas, esperandose que a mediados de siglo se detenga o incluso disminuya. Un caso totalmente distinto es el de Africa, donde la poblacion crece sin control debido a sus creencias religiosas y ancestrales que relegan a la mujer a un rol de procreadora y donde los Estados no tienen gran representatividad e influencia entre los clanes que habitan los territorios que deberian mantener bajo su administracion, por lo que las perspectivas son de que Africa represente el 50% de la poblacion mundial hacia fines de siglo.

    Si para entonces cada ser humano requerira en promedio 4 kW diario de energia (hoy esa cifra es de 2 kW) entonces la produccion de energia en la Tierra deberia aumentar a 5*10 elevado a 4 GW (siendo hoy de 1,76). La pregunta es, obviamente una sola: De donde se obtendra toda esa energia adicional requerida?

    Los partidarios de la energia nuclear consideran como la opcion mas adecuada este tipo de energia, a partir de las siguientes ventajas:

    1. El gran volumen energetico del combustible utilizado, pues 1 kg de uranio, enriquecido a un 4%, si se consume por completo, genera energia equivalente a la combustion de 100 toneladas de carbon de piedra de alta calidad o de 60 toneladas de petroleo.

    2. Posibilidad de volver a utilizar el combustible (despues de su regeneracion), a diferencia de las cenizas y escorias de otros tipos de combustible.

    3. La energia nuclear no favorece el efecto invernadero.

    Anualmente las centrales nucleares en Europa permiten evitar la emision de 700 millones de toneladas de CO2. En tanto, las centrales en operacion en Rusia evitan la emision a la atmosfera de 210 millones de toneladas de CO2. De ese modo, el desarrollo intenso de la energia nuclear se puede considerar indirectamente como uno de los metodos para evitar el calentamiento global.

    De hecho el uso industrial de la energia nuclear impide arrojar a la atmosfera 2 Gigatoneladas de CO2 al año, lo que equivale a las emisiones anuales de 400 millones de automoviles por lo que podria constituirse en un elemento central de los acuerdos de la Cumbre climatica de Paris* que pretenden llevar la produccion energetica mundial a una matriz que no utilice carbon. 
    *Cumbre de las Naciones Unidas realizada en Paris, en 2015 en que se acordo reducir el calentamiento global a un maximo de +1,5°C a 2050 y contar con una emision nula de gases que generan efecto invernadero hacia la misma fecha.

    4. Por otra parte, la energia atomica no tiene las deficiencias de las llamadas fuentes alternativas de energia. Asi, los gastos para la produccion de baterias solares superan todos los ingresos que se obtienen con la energia que generan. En tanto, los molinos de viento tienen poca potencia, un alto costo y restricciones ecologicas. Su instalacion modifica significativamente el paisaje mientras que el infrasonido que provocan es peligroso para las personas y los animales, por lo que no deben ser ubicados cerca de lugares poblados.

    Sin embargo, sus adherentes tambien estan conscientes de otras desventajas con que cuenta hoy este tipo de generacion de energia, como son:

    1. A pesar de ser muy poco probable, aun existe la posibilidad de accidentes serios en la operacion de los reactores, situaciones que tienen un alto costo en dinero, ambiental y tambien humano.

    2. La operacion de un reactor permite el consumo de a lo sumo un 10% del combustible nuclear. Para poder usarlo por completo es necesario limpiarlo de productos de fision y preparar a partir de el nuevo combustible, tecnologia que aun no se crea y que tiene sin tratar unas 300 mil toneladas de combustible.

    Un reactor con una capacidad de generacion de 1 GW anual genera 1 tonelada de productos de fision en ese mismo periodo, siendo unos 10 kg deshechos que mantienen un elevado nivel de radioactividad por cientos, miles o incluso millones de años. De hecho, tras 60 años de industria atomica se han acumulado mas de 300 toneladas de este tipo de deshechos.

    3. El costo de construccion de una planta nuclear es muy elevado. Asi, la construccion de un reactor nuclear para producir energia electrica significa un desembolso de 5-15 mil millones de dolares por cada reactor de una potencia de 1200-1300 MW. Debemos considerar que una planta de generacion electrica ocupa 2-3 de ellos.

    Pero sea o no la energia nuclear la alternativa a elegir, el ser humano tendra por delante un inmenso desafio en terminos de produccion de energia en los proximos decenios pues se estima que en el curso de los proximos 50 años la demanda de energia de la Humanidad sera equivalente a la utilizada en toda la historia humana precedente.

    Al mismo tiempo, los pronosticos realizados con anterioridad en relacion al aumento del consumo de energia han quedado siempre cortos pues los niveles de consumo han superado las expectativas.

    Actualmente, se espera que para 2030 el consumo global de energia se incremente en 1/3 en relacion a su valor para 2016, esperandose su mayor aumento en el continente asiatico donde deberia aumentar 1,5 veces.

    Al mismo tiempo, tampoco han sido acertadas las previsiones de desarrollo de nuevas tecnologias de produccion de energia, escenario que ademas se encuentra con materias primas en disminucion y las consecuencias del uso de fuente tradicionales de energia. Asi, las emisiones de CO2 a la atmosfera producto de la combustion de petroleo y del carbon utilizado en plantas termicas alcanza 32 mil millones de toneladas anuales, valor que deberia alcanzar los 34 mil millones en 2030.

    En esos terminos, el aporte de la energia nuclear impide que por medio de hidrocarburos se arrojen otros 2 mil millones de toneladas de CO2 a la atmosfera.

    Energia nuclear en la UE

    Despues del fin de la II Guerra Mundial y para resolver el tema del deficit de combustible y la explosiva industrializacion del continente entero los primeros 6 Estados fundadores de la ECSC*  decidieron enfocarse en la energia nuclear para alcanzar su independencia energetica. 
    *European Coal and Steel Communitiy, Comunidad europea del carbon y el acero, de la cual emergeria mas tarde la UE.

    En 1955 los ministros de relaciones exteriores de esos paises se reunieron en Messina, Italia para reflexionar sobre lo que se haria en Europa. Uno de las ideas principales era crear una comunidad europea de energia atomica que permitiria el desarrollo de energia atomica para producir energia para ayudar al desarrollo economico de Europa. En la epoca se decia que una Comunidad europea no podria desarrollarse sin contar con energia abundante y barata, algo que hoy sigue siendo valido.

    Esa idea se concreto el 25 de marzo de 1957 cuando esas 6 naciones fundaron la Euratom (European Atomic Energy Community) para contribuir a la investigacion y desarrollo de plantas para la produccion de energia nuclear con fines pacificos, la cual ha ampliado sus Estados miembros de modo que hoy corresponden a los mismos 28 paises que integran la Union Europea.

    Tras Fukushima

    Despues del accidente de Fukuhima se revisaron los 132 reactores nucleares entonces en operacion en la UE de modo de establecer patrones de seguridad comunes. Los costos por las medidas de seguridad adicionales adoptadas alcanzaron en 2012 entre 30-200 millones de euros por reactor.

    Pero el accidente tambien puso en cuestion en Europa el uso de la energia nuclear. Quienes han tomado mas en serio esto han sido Alemania y Suiza. Este ultimo pais deshecho sus planes para reemplazar sus viejas centrales nucleares de modo que la ultima en operar dejara de hacerlo en 2034.

    De todos modos, la UE necesitara tener al menos un 25% de su electricidad producida por energia nuclear hasta 2050 para satisfacer sus requerimientos de emisiones de CO2. Los requisitos establecidos por la UE implican que en comparacion con los niveles de 1990 las emisiones deberan reducirse en un 40% hasta alcanzar 95% o cero en 2050. Una parte sustancial del plan es detener la quema de carbon, el combustible fosil que emite mas CO2, y que sigue siendo utilizado intensamente en paises como Alemania y Polonia. 

    Debemos recordar que la energia nuclear no es un combustible fosil por lo que sus emisiones en terminos de CO2 son escasas, sin embargo, han sido las consideraciones de seguridad las que han condenado a la energia nuclear a su paulatina eliminacion. La decision de Angela Merkel para ir eliminado los reactores nucleares en su pais tras el desastre de Fukushima, en 2011 han provocado alli un aumento en el uso de carbon y, por consiguiente, de sus emisiones, a pesar del uso activo de energias renovables. Por eso si Europa realmente desea retirar al carbon de su matriz de produccion energetica debera mantener en torno a un 25% de su produccion de electricidad en manos de la energia nuclear.

    El presente

    60 años despues de la fundacion de la ECSC y Euratom es claro que el proposito de la independencia energetica de Europa no fue alcanzado ni por la energia nuclear ni por ninguna otra fuente de energia. Por el contrario, la UE se ha transformado en el mayor importador de energia en el mundo, gastando 400 mil millones de euros al año para adquirir un 53% de la energia que consume.

    En el caso de la electricidad, en 2015 la energia nuclear, el carbon y las energias renovables aportaban cada uno con un 27% de la demanda de Europa mientras que el gas y el petroleo contribuian con un 17% y un 2%, respectivamente. Ademas, debe tenerse en consideracion que mas de la mitad de la energia renovable provenia de turbinas hidroelectricas mas que de energia solar o energia eolica.

    En 2018 mas de un 25% de la produccion de energia de la UE seguia dependiendo de la energia nuclear a partir de 128 reactores operacionales instalados en 14 de los 28 paises de la Union, con 58 de ellos en Francia, el mayor aportante. Ademas, otras 56 centrales nucleares operaban en paises que no son miembros de la UE (Rusia, Ucrania y Suiza) los que proveian cerca de un 17% de los requerimientos de electricidad de la UE.

    Europa estara lejos aun de su meta para el 2030 cuando la electricidad originada por fuentes renovables deberia alcanzar entre un 46-50% y llegaria a un 27% del total de consumo de energia. Ademas, en 2030 todos los paises de Europa necesitaran tener infraestructura adecuada para que puedan, si se requiere, exportar a otros paises europeos, no menos de un 15% de la electricidad producida en su territorio.

    Con el Brexit por delante el Reino Unido sacara sus 15 centrales nucleares y un 7% de su poder nuclear en Europa fuera de la UE. Permanecera, sin embargo, Suecia, que produce lo mismo que el Reino Unido, y Alemania, que aporta con el 9%, pero que va en camino de dejar la energia nuclear a fines de 2022.

    En el caso de Francia, Emmanuel Macron afirmo en su campaña presidencial que confirmaba los compromisos planteados por su predecesor, Francois Hollande*, de reducir el porcentaje de electricidad producida por energia nuclear de 75% a 50% en 2025, algo tecnicamente imposible pero que podria tener costos politicos por parte de sus adherentes ambientalistas.
    *Presidente de Francia entre mayo de 2012 y mayo de 2017 tras su triunfo en segunda vuelta frente al Presidente saliente, Nicolas Sarkozy. Se constituyo en el segundo presidente socialista frances despues de Francois Miterrand. 

    En tanto Italia, la unica nacion del G7* sin instalaciones nucleares, es el mayor importador de electricidad del mundo, al importar un 15% de sus requerimientos de electricidad que en su mayoria viene de centrales nucleares francesas, en tanto que un 10% de la electricidad que consume proviene de fuentes nucleares, pero no situadas en su territorio.
    *Reunion anual, a partir de 1975, de las naciones mas desarrolladas del planeta y que comprende a Alemania, Canada, Estados Unidos, Francia, Italia, Japon, Reino Unido. Entre 1991-2002 incluyo tambien a la Federacion rusa pero tras la anexion de Crimea el G-8 volvio a transformarse en G-7.

    Si Francia cierra instalaciones nucleares Italia tendria muchos problemas para reutilizar vieja infraestructura nuclear, pues todavia esta pagando dinero para su desmantelamiento y para manejar el combustible nuclear derivado de ella. Asi, la central de Caorso*, que opero apenas 3 años, deberia significarle un costo total de 450 millones de euros a lo cual deberian sumarse otros 300 millones para reprocesar el combustible nuclear de la central. Ademas, debe considerarse la diaspora de sus especialistas a otros paises luego de que optara por abandonar la energia nuclear.
    *Central nuclear de Garigliano, situada en la localidad de Caorso en el norte de Italia. Se puso en operacion en 1978 y fue cerrada temporalmente en 1986, tras el accidente de Chernobyl, aunque usaba otro tipo de reactor, mucho mas estable que el de la Ucrania sovietica. Tras un referendum realizado el 8 de noviembre de 1987 y provocado por el accidente de Chernobyl la central fue cerrada en 1990, lo que puso punto final a la operacion de AES en Italia. Posteriormente, en 2011 el gobierno italiano llego a un acuerdo con la compañia franco-germana Areva para entregarle 190 toneladas de combustible nuclear de la AES ya clausurada para su tratamiento en Francia. 

    El cambio energetico en Alemania

    El apoyo de Alemania a la energia nuclear fue muy fuerte en la decada de los ´70 debido al shock de los precios del petroleo de 1974 lo que creo una sensacion de vulnerabilidad frente a la energia. Pero, por una parte, el accidente de Chernobyl en 1986 y por otra, un gobierno de coalicion entre social-democratas y los verdes en 1998* cambiaron la posicion del pais en relacion a la energia nuclear.
    *Despues de la reunificacion de Alemania en 1990 la coalicion de centro-derecha en el gobierno no fue capaz de encabezar un proceso de reintegracion completamente exitoso, sobretodo en terminos de empleo, pues la cesantia alcanzaba en 1998 casi un 10% en la ex Alemania federal y un 20% en la ex Alemania oriental, por lo que ese año Helmut Kohl le entrego el poder al Partido social-democrata, aliado con los Verdes, en una coalicion encabezada por Gerhard Schroder.

    Si bien en 2009 una nueva coalicion entre la Democracia cristiana alemana y los Liberal-democratas busco modificar la politica de rechazo hacia la energia nuclear el accidente de 2011, en Fukushima dio por el suelo con las intenciones de esa coalicion. Entonces, Alemania obtenia 1/4 de su generacion electrica gracias a la operaciones de 17 reactores nucleares.

    Asi, en los meses siguientes al accidente el gobierno ordeno el cierre de 8 reactores de inmediato y determino el cierre de los restantes 9 para fines de 2022, como parte de un plan para satisfacer un 35% de sus necesidades energeticas por medio de energias renovables (energia solar y eolica) llamado Energiewende (Cambio energetico). Sin embargo, los cambios han elevado los precios de la electricidad en el pais, el cual paga una de las energias electricas domiciliarias mas caras de Europa (por los impuestos y sobrecargos asociados a su politica de cambio energetico que representan mas del 50 % del precio) , eso a pesar de las declaraciones del anterior Ministerio de Medioambiente Jurgen Tritten, del Partido verde, quien afirmo que los cambios hacia energia renovable costarian  a los consumidores "no mas que lo que vale un copo de helado".

    En el punto de partida de una carrera por la revolucion energetica, el conductor de la locomotora a carbon le dice al conductor del pequeño vehiculo blanco que tiene escrito a un costado "Energia renovable": -Con ahorro de energia es trampa!

    El plan aleman implica que en 2025 entre 40-45% de su energia electrica sera producida por energias renovables, subiendo esa cifra a 55-60% en 2035 y al menos a 80% en 2050. Ademas, se requerira un aumento de la eficiencia energetica de modo que, en comparacion con 2008, el consumo de energia electrica baje 10% en 2020 y 25% en 2050. Sin embargo, en 2015 ese descenso era de solo 3%.

    En 2014 el pais habia alcanzado un 27,7% de reduccion de emisiones de CO2 en relacion a sus valores de 1990 pero desde entonces sus emisiones se han incrementado y el proposito de reducirlas en un 40% para 2020 (y de 80-95% para 2050) parece imposible.

    La evolucion de los precios producto de los subsidios a la energia renovable llevara a que las cuentas de luz residencial en Alemania alcancen pronto 90 euros mensuales, el doble de lo que se pagaba en 2000, donde 2/3 del incremento de precio es por sobrecargos e impuestos.En tanto, a pesar de estas alzas de precios, las pensiones de gobierno y los pagos de la seguridad social no han sido reajustados por lo que cada nueva alza de tarifas se transforma en una amenaza para los consumidores de bajo ingresos*.
    *En 2013 300 mil consumidores en Alemania vieron sus servicios de electricidad interrumpidos por las autoridades debido a sus cuentas impagas.

    Entrevista con el ecologista Michael Shellenberger, defensor de la energia nuclear como solucion al cambio climatico.

    Que lo ha llevado a criticar a los ambientalistas y a defender las innovaciones tecnologicas desde la decada de 2000?

    Cuando joven era un hombre de izquierda que partio a Nicaragua a aprender español durante la Revolucion sandinista* porque me sentida atraido por este movimiento. Al mismo tiempo, estaba muy preocupado por el medio ambiente y la naturaleza porque mis padres me llevaban a menudo a acampar. Ellos eran muy progresistas. Pero yo nunca he sido malthusiano. En mi relacion con las personas pobres, primero en Nicaragua y luego en Brasil, siempre he pensado que aquellos que temen una explosion demografica estan en una condicion mental pequeño-burguesa y racista. Yo, ademas, era vegetariano pero he comenzado a comer carne despues del nacimiento de mi hijo. Estaba a favor de las soluciones tecnologicas para los problemas del medioambiente y esa es una diferencia significativa con la mayoria de los ecologistas que no estan tanto a favor de las soluciones tecnologicas sino de una disminucion de nuestro nivel de vida a partir de un menor consumo de energia. Muchos de ellos consideran a la especie humana como un cancer sobre la Tierra, algo en lo que disiento. Por otra parte, no sabia nada sobre tecnologias energeticas y, como militante democratico y de izquierda, pensaba que las energias renovables serian la solucion porque toda la gente en mi trinchera politica asi lo pensaba. Sin embargo, cuando tome consciencia de  que la energia nuclear no era aquello que se decia todo se volvio mas claro. 
    *Circunstancia politica que tuvo lugar a partir de 1979, y que se extendio hasta 1990, en Nicaragua a partir del derrocamiento del Presidente Anastasio Somoza. Su lider mas reconocido fue Daniel Ortega mientras que la principal agrupacion vinculada con el cambio de gobierno fue el llamado Frente sandinista de liberacion nacional, nombrado en honor del revolucionario nicaraguense de inicios del siglo XX, Augusto Sandino. 

    La energia nuclear representa una fuente de energia infinita, abundante. Es la energia mas limpia y segura, segun todos los criterios! Al pensar asi claro que iba a ser condenado al ostracismo por la comunidad ecologica a causa de mis criticas a su discurso apocaliptico. Pero ponerme del lado de la energia nuclear no eran tan complicado como ganarme la vida sin aceptar dinero de la industria. Yo amo ser libre para decir lo que pienso. 

    Entonces, usted no ha recibido dinero de la industria nuclear?

    Para nada! Las personas que han leido lo que he escrito durante estos ultimos años conocen la manera en que critico a la industria nuclear. Lamento su arrogancia, que los lleva a tomar decisiones condenadas al fracaso. 

    Por ejemplo?

    La industria esta proponiendo soluciones extremadamente costosas a los problemas existentes. Las centrales antiguas como la de Fessenheim funcionan muy bien ya por 3 generaciones pero los empresarios nos quieren hacer creer que los problemas de seguridad se pueden resolver con nuevos tipos de bombas de agua o moviendo algun tanque de agua. Eso es ridiculo pues se sabe que los accidentes nucleares provienen siempre de errores humanos. Los cambios de planes y de modelos de las centrales las hacen mas caras de construir y mas de caras de operar. Si bien la estandarizacion permitiria bajar los costos y aumentar la seguridad se hace exactamente lo contrario. Es un poco como Boeing, con su modelo 737 MAX*.
    *4ta generacion de aviones Boeing 737 que se construyo para reemplazar los Boeing 737 Next Generation a partir, sobretodo, del uso de motores mas grandes y mas potentes. Comenzo a fabricarse desde 2014 realizando su primer vuelo en 2016 y poniendose en operacion comercial desde el 22 de mayo de 2017. Si bien ha sido el modelo con mas ventas en la historia de la compañia Boeing ha sufrido 4 accidentes entre 2018 y 2019, 2 de los cuales significaron la muerte de personas, ademas de la totalidad de tripulantes y pasajeros.

    Central nuclear de Fessenheim, ubicada en noreste de Francia. Comenzo a operar en 1977 contando con 2 reactores. Es la AES mas antigua en operacion en el pais. El Presidente Francois Hollande prometio en su campaña electoral cerrarla en 2016, lo que no se concreto mientras que el Presidente Macron afirmo en 2018 que seria cerrada en 2020.

    Pero eso no explica la amplitud del desencanto hacia la energia nuclear...

    La energia nuclear es revolucionaria en 3 sentidos: En primer lugar, en la medicina, luego en el area de la defensa y tercero en la energia. Este es un avance historico tan relevante que los humanos se nutriran de energia nuclear probablemente por miles de años. Es una pena que el principal impacto de este tecnologia revolucionaria haya sido tan traumatico en la sociedad con excepcion del area de la medicina. Se usa la radiacion para explorar el cuerpo humano y para ayudar a tratar el cancer y todo el mundo esta de acuerdo en afirmar que este es un avance formidable.

    Por otra parte, las armas nucleares han traumatizado varias generaciones con esa imagen de apocalipsis y destruccion. Y esos traumas se han trasladado al sector de la energia y estamos viendo las centrales nucleares como pequeñas bombas y los incidentes nucleares como pequeñas explosiones y estamos viendo los deshechos como un arma... Toda esta tecnologia esta envuelta con esta idea de la muerte. Y lo mismo pasa con las personas que trabajan en el sector nuclear, tambien son complices de esta histeria antinuclear al decir esencialmente que "Si, se trata de una tecnologia extremadamente peligrosa pero nosotros, que somos ingenieros heroicos, los protegeremos de ella". En primer lugar, eso es falso porque no se puede proteger totalmente a la gente de la energia nuclear como de tantas otras cosas. Ademas, el uso pacifico de la energia nuclear ha provocado menos daño que otras fuentes de energia.

    Segun un estudio de la Agencia internacional de energia atomica y Forbes, en relacion al numero de muertes a consecuencia de la produccion de cada billon de kW/h para distintos tipos de energia, las mas letales, en orden decreciente, son: Carbon, petroleo, biomasa, gas natural, energia solar, eolica, hidroelectricidad y energia nuclear.

    Pero estan los casos de Chernobyl y Fukushima ...

    Se estiman en 200 el numero de muertos por radiacion provocados por el accidente de Chernobyl. En el caso de Fukushima el numero de muertos es cero. Es decir, el uso de la energia nuclear en terminos civiles ha provocado 200 muertos en 24 años! Mientras que el numero de muertos provocados por el temor de la energia nuclear es numeroso. Un nuevo libro sobre Chernobyl muestra como los doctores en Ucrania y Bielorrusia han afirmado que la radiacion tuvo consecuencias sanitarias diversas y variadas sin poder vincularlas a la radiacion nuclear. Los niños nacen a veces con deformidades, al igual que las flores, pero no solo alrededor de Fukushima! Esa es una realidad que nadie quiere entender: La naturaleza comete errores sin ayuda nuestra, un 30% de las personas ha tenido o tendra cancer. Si bien nuestro mundo es hoy mas seguro que antes nosotros proyectamos nuestras ansiedades sobretodo hacia la energia nuclear. La brecha entre la percepcion de la energia nuclear y su realidad es mas grande que sobre cualquier otra forma de energia en el mundo.

    La polucion atmosferica en Paris mata alrededor de 2500 personas por año...

    La OMS estima en 3 millones anuales el numero de muertes provocadas por la combustion de biomasa y en 4 millones las provocadas por la quema de combustible fosiles cada año, al tiempo que las centrales nucleares no emiten ninguna contaminacion atmosferica en forma de humo. Si vas a la India la polucion es tan intensa que antes de matarte te agota, te provoca migrañas, asma... Los habitantes de Europa no comprenden la amplitud de la polucion atmosferica en Asia o Africa, en el presente. En contraste, la energia nuclear ha salvado la vida de unas 2 millones de personas al no quemar energias fosiles, segun 2 cientificos de la Universidad de Columbia, James E. Hansen y Pushker Kharecha. Pero no nos damos cuenta. La industria ha cometido errores de comunicacion pero tambien ha habido un intenso lobby de parte de la industria de las energias fosiles contra la energia nuclear.

    Pero tambien esta este deseo de "volver a la naturaleza" a traves de las energias renovables, lo que favorece un lavado de imagen de los combustibles fosiles. Porque, de hecho, las energias renovables preservan de mejor manera la utilizacion de combustibles fosiles que el cuidado al medio ambiente! Siempre supimos que la energia solar o la energia eolica no eran capaces de reemplazar a los combustibles fosiles. Eso solo puede hacerlo la energia nuclear como lo demuestran Francia y Suecia que tienen la capacidad de reemplazar los combustibles fosiles de manera efectiva a la vez que des-carbonizan la produccion de energia. Basta con comparar a Francia con Alemania. Si un pais podia hacer funcionar las energias renovables como una solucion viable de reemplazo de los combustibles fosiles ese era Alemania. Ningun otro pais es capaz de invertir 500 mil millones de euros, con un aumento del 50% de su costo de producir electricidad, sin ser capaz de des-carbonizar mas de la mitad de su consumo de energia!

    Esta previsto disminuir en Francia la participacion de la energia nuclear en la produccion de electricidad en un 50% de aqui a 2030. Como se puede explicar que un pais que se beneficia tanto de la energia nuclear pueda tomar una decision como esa?

    Ese complejo psicologico existe en muchos paises. Solo en Rusia y en Corea del Sur las cosas son distintas porque tienen una industria nuclear firmemente controlada por un Estado nacionalista y disciplinado. Incluso en Francia, que es sin duda el mejor ejemplo de exito nuclear, esta industria ha sido victima de la arrogancia, la vanidad, la apatia y de una falta de inteligencia emocional y social.

    Yo estuve en Belgica y en los Paises Bajos con sus responsables politicos. Me dijeron que jamas se habian reunido con alguien de Electricite de France (EDF). Les pregunte, "Si ustedes desean construir centrales nucleares preferirian reunirse con rusos, chinos o franceses?" Y me respondieron que obviamente lo harian con franceses. Pero resulta que EDF** no esta interesado en construir centrales electricas a energia nuclear para sus vecinos europeos! Es escandaloso! No estoy seguro que Emmanuel Macron este al tanto de esa incompetencia y falta de iniciativa de EDF.
    *La verdad es que a EDF le gustaria construir EPR (reactores nucleares de 3era generacion) en la UE, que es lo que esta tratando de hacer en el Reino Unido (suponiendo que todavia seguira siendo parte de la UE). Un ejemplo es Hinkley Point C (proyecto de AES de 3200 MW, en suelo ingles actualmente en construccion y financiado por EDF y la estatal china CGN) a lo cual despues podria agregarse Sizewell C (Proyecto de futura AES, la cual junto a Hinkley Point C deberian producir un 13% de la demanda electrica del Reino Unido). Ademas, EDF no tiene tampoco los medios para invertir de manera masiva en Europa, por lo que los proyectos que construye o pueda construir en el futuro tendran participacion significativa de otros inversionistas extranjeros lo que limitara la participacion de la francesa que esta, ademas, sometida a una serie de regulaciones al interior de Francia que restringen su competitividad intenacional.

    EDF, compañia francesa de electricidad bajo propiedad mayoritaria del Estado frances. Cuenta con proyectos en operacion en 4 continentes y produce cerca de 1/5 de las necesidades de energia electrica de la Union Europea, principalmente a partir de energia nuclear. 
    En 2019 el Estado frances solicito de EDF la construccion de otras 3 centrales nucleares, eso a pesar de que en 2017 el Ministro de medioambiente frances afirmo que hasta 17 AES operadas por EDF podrian ser cerradas para 2025.

    Pero, que propone hacer usted con deshechos nucleares que pueden ser radioactivos por millones de años?

    Pero si son los mejores deshechos posibles! Representan una cantidad minima y no le han hecho mal a nadie. Nadie se preocupa por otros tipos de deshechos que se arrojan a la naturaleza de manera mucho mas abundante. Dejaremos que los paneles solares toxicos sean desmantelados por niños en Asia o Africa como sucede con nuestros viejos aparatos de television o con nuestra basura electronica, exponiendolos al polvo toxico de metales pesados? Porque se permite la formacion de islas de plastico en los oceanos? 

    Porque nadie se conmueve con esos vertederos gigantes y no mira al hecho que todos los deshechos nucleares producidos por Suiza en 45 años caben en el espacio de una cancha de basquetbol?? Es insensato! La unica explicacion a tanta irracionalidad es el impacto psicologico de la bomba atomica.

    La mayoria de los elementos que aparecen en la Tabla periodica son toxicos y estan presentes en la naturaleza pero las personas no tiene consciencia de ello.

    No hay un vinculo entre el uso civil y el uso militar de la energia nuclear? Un pais con centrales nucleares para producir electricidad es a menudo un pais que posee o aspira a poseer armamento nuclear.

    Pero, quienes somos nosotros o quienes son los franceses para decir que los iranies o los coreanos del norte no deberian tener una bomba nuclear?

    Si el mundo fuera mas peligroso porque todos los paises tuviesen una bomba atomica porque Francia no se deshace, entonces, de su armamento nuclear? Imagine que su pais se este deshaciendo de todo su arsenal nuclear... Usted sabe que eso no es realista porque puede ocultar una ojiva nuclear en una piscina sin poder ser detectado.

    Y si despues Francia se encuentra en guerra, que es lo primero que harian entonces los militares? Obviamente que relanzar un programa nuclear para obtener una bomba de nuevo! Todos los expertos saben eso desde 1946.

    El movimiento antinuclear fue un movimiento ideologico financiado ampliamente por la Union Sovietica durante la Guerra fria. Pero en la historia no ha habido jamas la posibilidad para deshacernos de algun tipo de armamento. No hay posibilidad alguna de que esto suceda. Por otro lado, el verdadero riesgo es que los Estados Unidos hagan algo insensato como invadir Iran o Corea del Norte. Nosotros ya lo hicimos en Irak con el pretexto de evitar que obtuvieran armas de destruccion masiva, y se han visto las consecuencias que eso ha tenido en la poblacion civil.

    Mire tambien el conflicto entre la India y Pakistan*, el cual se presenta como una amenaza para el planeta. Se trata realmente de una guerra? Las ultimas tensiones han provocado 10 muertos del lado de Pakistan y unos 40 del lado de la India tras un atentado suicida en Cachemira. Y despues de eso van a la guerra como si fuera el teatro kabuki**. Cada parte ha derribado 1 o 2 aviones del lado contrario, luego ambos paises se han dicho cosas horribles durante un par de semanas pero todos saben que no habra un verdadero conflicto belico entre ambos paises. La bomba nuclear ha sido la mas grande fuerza pacifista que el mundo haya jamas conocido. Es una revolucion tecnologica que esta en camino de poner fin a los grandes conflictos.
    *Se refiere al conflicto fronterizo entre la India y Pakistan, en el territorio de Cachemira, que se inicio el 14 de febrero de 2019 tras el ataque por una agrupacion terrorista pakistani a un convoy de vehiculos de la India en que murieron 45 militares. A pesar de la escalada del conflicto ambos paises han hecho lo posible por no llevar a ambos Estados a una nueva guerra, pues ambos poseen armas nucleares (140 ojivas nucleares por parte de Pakistan contra 110 de la India) y como el conflicto tiene un base religiosa (en Cachemira viven hindues, musulmanes y budistas) podria involucrar a muchos mas paises con consecuencias insospechadas ya que 2 vecinos de la region son Afganistan y China. 
    **Forma teatral tradicional de Japon surgida en el siglo XVII y que conjuga canto, musica, baile y drama. Contaba inicialmente solo con mujeres, las que en las piezas comicas interpretaban tambien a hombres. Debido al contenido mayormente vulgar de sus presentaciones posteriormente se le prohibiria a las mujeres tomar parte en las obras, aunque mas probablemente la prohibicion tuvo que ver con la popularidad de las presentaciones y el hecho de que se pusiera en escena la vida y escandalos de politicos contemporaneos. Las mujeres fueron reemplazadas por jovenes pero como no se modifico el contenido de las presentaciones luego se permitiria solo la participacion de hombres adultos, algunos de los cuales se especializarian en representar en las obras a mujeres. A partir del siglo XIX sufriria una fuerte occidentalizacion mientras que actualmente permite la participacion de mujeres.

    Pero, y si los terroristas se apoderan de armamento nuclear?

    No hay un especialista en armas nucleares creible en el mundo que piense que Iran podria entregarle una bomba a terroristas. Porque el regimen irani haria eso? Todos los paises del mundo tienen una suerte de complot entre ellos, sin importar sus enemistades, de modo que las armas nucleares no puedan pasar a la sociedad civil. Esa es tal vez la prioridad internacional mas importante desde 1945.

    Pero consideremos la posibilidad de que Daesh* pudiera haberse hecho con una bomba. En ese caso, porque el Estado Islamico no la habria utilizado? Podrian, por ejemplo, haber hecho una prueba en el desierto para demostrar que poseian un arma nuclear y que eran, por tanto, un Estado soberano. Tenemos que superar una gran disonancia cognitiva para entender que el objeto mas peligroso, jamas concebido en la historia ha hecho, finalmente, del mundo un mejor lugar para vivir.
    *Otra denominacion mas del Estado Islamico, grupo terrorista islamico sunita surgido en Irak en 1999 y que luego fue integrandose con otras agrupaciones terroristas islamicas pasando a denominarse en 2006 como Estado islamico de Irak. Sus acciones militares los llevaron a controlar un territorio que alcanzo su maxima extension en 2014, con unos 110 mil km2, y que albergaba una poblacion de unos 8 millones de personas. Sus derrotas militares los llevarian a fines de 2017 a controlar un territorio de no mas de 10 mil km2, en Siria e Irak. La agrupacion cuenta con celulas terroristas bajo su control en diversas naciones de Africa y Asia.

    Pero volviendo al uso civil de la energia nuclear. La electricidad y la calefaccion no representan mas que 1/4 de las emisiones mundiales de gases efecto invernadero. Pero, si incluso seguimos sus argumentos la energia nuclear no puede tampoco constituirse en una solucion milagrosa...

    Todos los combustible fosiles que deben ser reemplazados pueden ser reemplazados por energia nuclear, y pronto eso tendra lugar. Las energias renovables no son capaces de hacerlo. Habra seguramente una larga transicion energetica. La electricidad sera la primera en descarbonizarse gracias a la energia nuclear. Sucedio con los trenes, como es el caso de Francia o el de Japon, despues vendran los automoviles electricos. En Francia, como en Suecia, la calefaccion ya esta electrificada gracias a la energia nuclear. Y para los aviones, bien podriamos tener un carburante sin emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero por medio de la propulsion nuclear termica o de la misma electricidad.

    No es mas simple cambiar nuestro estilo de vida?

    Quien desearia seriamente vivir en una sociedad en decadencia? Emmanuel Macron intento aumentar ligeramente los precios del combustible con su impuesto al carbono, y hemos visto el resultado con los Gilet jaunes*. Nadie desea realmente menos crecimiento, excepto algunos academicos de la Sorbonne*. Es ridiculo! Es el discurso de los malthusianos***, ricos de paises ricos que promueven la pobreza para los otros, para que no los alcancen en su nivel de vida. Es la misma logica utilizada en los discursos sobre la sobrepoblacion con la idea de que otros paises deberian tener menos poblacion que el nuestro.
    *Movimiento surgido en Francia el 17 de noviembre de 20

    Pakistan Supreme Court suspends extension of Army Chief’s term


    The Supreme Court of Pakistan on Tuesday suspended the extension of the current Chief of Army’s three-year term. The court held that the extension of the term is suspended on grounds that it violates the constitution. This comes as a setback to Prime Minister Imran Khan who initiated the extension “in view of the regional […]

    The post Pakistan Supreme Court suspends extension of Army Chief’s term appeared first on JURIST - News - Legal News & Commentary.


    Klimawandel: Glühende Landschaften

    Kapstadt, Niederlande, Miami Beach: Die Zukunft des Klimawandels hat bereits begonnen. Wie organisieren sich die Gesellschaften neu, wenn die Umwelt sich verändert?

    13 Dead In Jordan Valley Farm Fire

    Thirteen Pakistanis, including eight children, died when a fire swept through their makeshift dwellings in a farming estate in the Jordan Valley, Jordans civil defence said. There were three other injuries in the fire that broke out after midnight that initial signs showed could have been an electrical fire, civil defence spokesman Iyad al Amre []The post 13 Dead In Jordan Valley Farm Fire appeared first on Independent Newspapers Nigeria.

    V požaru v Jordaniji umrlo 13 Pakistancev

    Na kmetiji na zahodu Jordanije je danes izbruhnil požar, pri čemer je umrlo 13 Pakistancev, med njimi osem otrok. Še trije ljudje so bili v požaru poškodovani, poročajo tuje tiskovne agencije. Požar je izbruhnil zgodaj davi v hiši iz valovite...

    Pharmaceutical Companies in Karachi

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    Cricket: Australia five wickets from victory after Lyon strikes

    Australia edged closer to victory in the second test against Pakistan, and a series whitewash, after spinner Nathan Lyon struck twice to leave the tourists on 167 for five in their second innings at tea on day four.

    Fundamental Comics: G. Willow Wilson Creates Modern Muslim Identity with ‘Cairo’

    Fundamental Comics: G. Willow Wilson Creates Modern Muslim Identity with ‘Cairo’

    “Fundamental Comics,” a monthly editorial series that introduces readers to comics, graphic novels, and manga that have been impactful to the sequential art medium and the comic book industry on a foundational level.  Each month, a new essay will examine a familiar or less-known title through an in-depth analysis, exploring the history of the title, significant themes, and context for the title’s popularity since it was first released.

    Writer:  G. Willow Wilson
    Artist/Colorist:  M. K. Perker
    Letterer:  Travis Lanham
    Editor:  Joan Hilty    
    Publisher:  Vertigo, an imprint of DC Comics
    Publication Date:   November 7, 2007
    No. of Issues:  Graphic Novel

    SPOILER ALERT: There are major plot reveals that may impede the reader’s enjoyment if reading Cairo for the first time.

    Egypt is the seat of one of the longest civilizations and is often referred to as a cradle of civilization.  While there were forms of localized governments and established cultural practices that can be traced back to 10,000 BCE, 3150 BCE marks the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt and the beginning of pharaonic dynasties.  Over the centuries, the ancient Egyptians developed and led many societal and cultural changes; they were often victors, but, eventually, their power dissipated as other cultures expanded and exerted their political power.  It wasn’t until the early 20th century before Egypt found independence once again.

    Egypt gained their independence in 1922, but it wasn’t until the U.S. became involved during the Suez Crisis (1956) that the two countries established ties.  The U.S. brokered a peace agreement in 1979, supporting Egypt with military aid and positioning them as a key ally in the Middle East, which eventually evolved into a bilateral friendship.  Egypt initially supported counterterrorism steps taken by the U.S. after the attacks of 2001 but drew the line at Iraqi occupation efforts.  A crack in the friendship formed and manifested itself through a period of tension and transition that finally erupted in 2011.  It was during this time, in 2003, that American writer G. Willow Wilson moved to Cairo to teach English.  This move coincided with her conversion to Islam.  In 2007, this ancient city became the backdrop and namesake of her first graphic novel, Cairo (Vertigo), which paired her with artist M. K. Perker.  Although Muslim characters were not new to comics, Wilson’s ensemble cast was an early effort to portray a group of Middle Eastern characters that did not traditionally fit into the stereotypes that American audiences were familiar with from other comics, films, television, etc.

    The Plot
    “So, today, I hit one of those stoned camels with my truck,” states a young man, smoking a cigarette with a hookah at his side.  This is Ashraf, an Egyptian smuggler, looking to make some money and have a better life.  An Israeli special forces soldier, Tova, is traveling with a group of Bedouin, and, unbeknownst to her, she has crossed the border into Egypt and must quickly find a quiet way to get back home. American Kate and Lebanese-American Shaheed are on the same flight bound for Cairo.  She is an aspiring journalist looking for a writing job that matches with her political views, while Shaheed is a student headed for Beirut where he plans to don a bomb and sacrifice himself.  Meanwhile, in Cairo, Egyptian dissident journalist Jibreel harbors big dreams for himself and his girlfriend (Ashraf’s sister) Salma.  

    All five characters are on a collision course towards each other via the hookah Ashraf stole from power-hungry crime lord and secret magician (Nar) who has nefarious plans.  Ashraf peddles the pipe to Shaheed, but later seeks to get it back when he learns that the hookah is home to a djinn, Shams, who is both cursed and coveted by Nar.  Each character brings their insight and personal baggage into the story, proving that life’s issues transcend political and cultural differences.  Each character must grapple with the cause/effect of their actions, as well as seek to understand (and challenge) their beliefs and prejudices.  All of the characters’ stories quickly intertwine with Shams, protector of East (an unimaginable power), and along the way, each finds friendship and clarity of purpose.  Much of the action crisscrosses present-day Cairo (a supporting character of the story), while the mystical aspects unfold in the world of Under-Nile.  

    Reception Upon Original Release
    As mentioned in the introduction above, the U.S./Egypt political relationship blossomed with the peace agreement and military aid; however, Egyptian and Middle Eastern characters portrayed in American popular culture mediums did not fair well.  In an August 2019 The Hollywood Reporter article, “Ms. Marvel, Muslim Identity and a Changing Hollywood” written by Sheraz Farooqi, Muslim characterization is often “pigeonholed into a villainous stereotype; they are terrorists with heavy accents. […] or just bad guy fodder for our heroes to mow down…” Muslim men are often bearded, talk with a heavy accent, angry, and are driven by conservative ideologies; for example, look at successful films like Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981, Steven Spielberg), True Lies (1994, James Cameron), The Siege (1998, Edward Zwick), or the recent London Has Fallen (2016, Babak Najafi).  The same stereotypes populated American television viewing experience.  Not mentioned in Farooqi’s article, but just as important, was the casting of non-Middle Eastern actors to Middle Eastern roles in American films and television, which excluded their own agency and experience that they could bring to these roles. reporter Latonya Pennington gathered together “15 Muslim Characters in Comics You Should Know” in an article dated February 3, 2017, and included a long list of superhero characters including Wilson’s Kamala Khan (Ms. Marvel), a Pakistani-Muslim living in the U.S.  This was the first comic in which a Muslim character headlined their own title.  Other than Marjane Satrapi’s autobiographical graphic novel, Persepolis, about her childhood in Iran (translated into English in 2003/2004), there are no other Middle Eastern non-superhero characters mentioned in the list.

    So, where does this put Cairo at the time of its release in 2007?  First, the graphic novel challenged well-worn Muslim stereotypes by taking place in Cairo and by having an international cast (Egyptian, Israeli, Lebanses-American, American) in which to explore and step away from the stereotypical Muslim portrayals.  Wilson’s efforts to capture her experiences and engagement with Cairo and its inhabitants resulted in one of the first Western sequential stories to provide a positive view of a Middle Eastern culture.  It resonated with American audiences, and, in late 2007, Cairo was named one of the best graphic novels of the year by Publishers WeeklySchool Library Journal named the paperback edition one of the Best Graphic Novels for High School Students in 2008 while in 2009, the American Library Association named Cairo one of the Top Ten Graphic Novels for Teens.

    Critical Analysis
    Fulbright scholar and professor emeritus of Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, Dr. Jack Shaheen dedicated much of his career to challenging and giving visibility to Arabs and Muslims.  In his seminal essay, “The Comic Book Arab,” published in The Link (November-December 1991, Vol. 24 No. 5), he studied the vast field of comic books, identifying three categories of Middle Eastern character stereotypes:

    Repulsive Terrorist
    These individuals are portrayed as “fanatics who wish to subjugate the western world through a reign of terror” in an us vs. them mentality.  Individuals in this group are overweight, uncouth, and whose appearance is unkept (facial hair for example).  They are angry, dangerous, and armed and ready to engage in violent acts against others.

    Sinister Sheikh
    “With his dark sunglasses, white headdress and fierce beard, the sheikhs of comic book lore vary little in the malevolence of their aspiration to world domination.” These individuals are evil super villains driving towards fulfilling their maniacal plans.  They are often associated with big business and have unlimited money to bankroll their plans.

    Rapacious Bandit
    Individuals in this group tend to fall into one of two subcategories.  They may be killers, but they tend to be backward and a more localized threat.  Of the three categories, among this group is a subset of characters that are more balanced, helpful, and sympathetic; however, this goal is seldom achieved.

    In Shaheen’s research, he mentions the silencing nature of women stereotypes in the comics he reviewed.  He compared that women in a profession, such as dancer, had some voice (dialogue), but that women as housewives, often did not, particularly when wearing a full-body-length naqab.  Shaheen notes these women are “voiceless, featureless, and, for all [intents] purposes, mindless, she is wholly devoid of personality.”  Complicating women’s position in the story are those occasions when a Middle Eastern woman and an American man (hero) are attracted to and/or trust each other; as a result, “Arab men react with hostility to such events.”  Interactions between Arab men and western women are “almost without exception icy, overflowing with hate, lust, and mutual contempt.”  Educators Marvin Wingfield and Bushra Karaman state in their essay, “Arab Stereotypes and American Educators,” published in ADC in 2007 (the same year as Cairo’s release), that “The Arab world – 22 countries, the locus of several world religions, a multitude of ethnic and linguistic groups, and hundreds of years of history – is reduced to a few simplistic images” which are overwhelmingly negative and heavily reliant on skewed generalizations.

    Wilson sought to change the pervasive stereotypes with Cairo.  In an NPR interview conducted November 20, 2007, Wilson discussed, “A lot of the characteristics of the people who are in the book are drawn from experiences that either I have had or people close to me have had in the Middle East.  Emotionally, and also in some sense of – politically, I am drawing on the lives and the positions and the feelings of people that I know, you know, who have lived in the Middle East or who have a background that kind of draws them to these places.”  Although Wilson uses a stereotypical villain and henchmen, for her main group of protagonists, she plays off opposing traits as a method of exploring each character’s motivations and their journey of growth in the story.  There are three pivotal relationship moments that showcase each character’s uniqueness and growth in their respective situations.

    Jibreel and Kate
    Kate meets Jibreel as she seeks assistance in finding her hotel.  He states she is brave but should not be wandering alone.  Jibreel states he will help her by walking her to the hotel, and Kate catches herself as she begins to compare Jibreel’s generosity to the societal disconnect she is used to back home (Orange County, CA).  They are kidnapped and find themselves in the Under-Nile.  Feeling the stress of the situation and wondering if they will find their way back to Cairo, Kate and Jibreel find they are at odds with each other’s philosophical beliefs, and they engage in a heated argument.  The all-seeing devil is aware of their weaknesses, and he seeks to pit the pair against each other by exploiting their intolerance for each other's cultural and personal beliefs.  He tries to provoke Jibreel and Kate, two rational individuals, to violently attack each other.  Jibreel finds strength in his love for others while Kate draws on her beliefs, and by teaming together they find compassion and defeat the devil.  Through their characters, readers witness that compassion is stronger than violent means.

    Tova and Ashraf
    Politics and culture dictate they should be enemies.  He is a drug smuggler, and she is a special forces soldier.  They could not be more different, but after an initially bumpy start – at gunpoint, Tova demands Ashraf take her to the border – they find common ground.  Not the usual masculine hero and weaker female sidekick scenario, they work together as team by drawing on each other’s strengths.  Ashraf’s machismo appears late in the story when he feels protective of Tova because of the romantic feelings he has for her.  In turn, Tova grapples with war, because she realizes it is a war that she and Ashraf have inherited.  While it is true that there were no housewives represented in this story, Tova represents a female perspective that is not typical.  Additionally, she has her own voice, which is well represented in Cairo.   

    Shams and Shaheed
    Shams does not look like any of Shaheen’s three stereotypes, and through this character Wilson conveys a mystical journey of a djinn that draws the ensemble cast, but especially Shaheed.   As a djinn, Shams knows what Shaheed has been up to and exactly why he was headed to Beirut.  The djinn is the young man’s voice of reason and wisdom.  The djinn also represents the one person who believes that Shaheed is a good person and has potential to find his life’s path.  Shaheed is so willing to sacrifice his life, but Shams helps him find strength and, more importantly, the will to live.  As a result, the two form a special bond and represent the mystical aspects of Cairo.  

    While Wilson relies on established stereotypes for the villain and his henchmen (especially Waleed), she successfully challenges those tropes when it comes to the main protagonists.  She pairs up each character by partnering them with their opposite, be it philosophical, political, cultural, and - in two of the pairings - by gender.  In each pairing and in the larger narrative, readers experience a diverse group of characters living life in another part of the world that has so often been depicted as full of terrorists, an angry group of people quick to violence – essentially, no redeeming attributes; however, Wilson tells a compelling and new story that reflects a more realistic view of an ancient Middle East city and its people.  

    Although this essay has focused specifically on the text, Perker’s art brings to life this wonderful city and the cast of characters whose stories readers follow.  His inks and shadows are well done, and it is easy to forget that the visuals are only in black-and-white tones.  Perker emphasizes the action through panel orientation, but not to the detriment of Wilson’s storytelling.  It was an excellent partnership.

    Relevancy Today
    A dozen years later, does Cairo have relevancy today? In a word, yes.  Wingfield and Karaman state, “Prejudice and discrimination against Arab Americans is often rooted in negative stereotypes about Arabs and Muslims.”  This extends to ethnic groups of other countries that are portrayed in American popular culture mediums.  In Shaheen’s closing remarks, he states that these simple stereotypes do an “injustice to a people who have made tremendous contributions to society.”  Stereotypes establish generalizations that influence our media, and breeds ignorance.  More damaging, though, is the impact of negative stereotypes on the group being generalized, especially for young viewers who are impressionable and seeking role models in which to emulate.

    Strides are being made, but there is always more that can and should be done.  As an industry, it’s important to give fair representation to groups under-represented, because it gives voice to groups of people we do not usually hear and see.  It is an opportunity to expand storytelling with less familiar, but no less interesting, characters that bring experiences and their culture to life.  As readers, we should seek out resources that will balance our reading and present us with more accurate details that inform us.  Stories like Cairo break down stereotypes and reveal not only a rich culture, but also a modern culture of people with similar goals, likes, challenges.  


    Kim Kârda, Kim Zararda: “Size Nasıl Geliyorsa Öyledir” yazısına Anonim tarafından yapılan yorumlar

    Başörtüsü değil türban Özdemir İnce 24 Kasım 2019 Pazar Beni bir daha dinleyin! Muhalefet, iktidarın ağzıyla, sözcükleriyle, jest ve mimikleriyle asla konuşmaz, konuşmamalıdır. Böyle bir şey yapmaz ise, iktidarla kendisi arasına mesafe koymaz ve kendisi olmaz ise iktidarı ancak rüyasında görür! *** Türkiye’de “Başörtüsü” AKP ve siyasal İslamcıların sözcüğüdür ve muhalefet bu sözcüğü kesinlikle kullanmamalıdır. Nedenini yüz kez yazdım, bir kez daha yazıyorum: Abdelwahab Meddeb’in yazarlarından olduğu bir kitaptan (La Plus Belle Histoire de la liberté, Edition du Seuil, 2009) bir bölüm tercüme edeceğim: “Geleneksel başörtüden ideolojik başörtüsüne geçildi. Daha önce Pakistan’daki başörtüsü sariye benziyordu. Fas’taki ise cebellaya benziyordu. Şimdi, Endonezya’dan Paris ya da Turin’in banliyölerine kadar aynı örtü - ya da hijab - zorunlu sayılmakta. Geleneksel örtü ile hiçbir ilişkisi yok, her yerde siyasal İslamın simgesi oldu. Evrensel amaçlı bir üniforma İşte bu nedenle gelenekler ya da adetlerle çatışmaktan korkmaksızın bununla mücadele edilebilir.” (s.126-127) *** Yukarıdaki satırların yazarı, filozof, şair, romancı, Paris X-Nanterre Üniversitesi’nde karşılaştırmalı edebiyat profesörü Abdelwahab Meddeb (1946-2014) yakın dostumdu. Dertlerimiz ortaktı. “İslamcılık henüz kazanamadı ama Müslümanın aklı (mantığı) İslamcılığın etkisine girdi. Böyle bir etki son derece tehlikelidir” derdi. Bu tehlikeyi gizlemek için İslamcılığın özel siyasal simgesi olan bu yeni ve evrensel örtüye başörtüsü diyorlar. Türkiye iki örtü arasında benzemezliği vurgulamak için siyasal İslamın örtüsüne TÜRBAN adını verdi. Ama İslamcılar kesinlikle TÜRBAN sözcüğünü kullanmıyorlar, sanki Türk kadınının yüzlerce yıllık geleneksel örtüsüymüş gibi halka yutturmaya kalkıyorlar. *** Peki nasıl oluyor da CHP Genel Başkanı Kılıçdaroğlu, “Türban” demiyor da tıpkı İslamcılar gibi, İslamcıların halifesi Erdoğan gibi “başörtüsü” sözcüğünü kullanıyor ve Abdülkadir Selvi’den (Hürriyet, 18.11.2019) “aferin” alıyor. Dil, sözcük (isim ve sıfat) bilinci olmadan muhalefet yapmak mümkün değildir. Kılıçdaroğlu’na bir soru: Annenizin, halanızın, teyzenizin başörtüsü ile Emine Erdoğan’ın, Semiha Yıldırım’ın, Zeynep Babacan’ın örtüleri aynı mı? Değil! O halde bu örtünün adını çekinmeden söyleyin, “Türban” deyin. Siyaset olarak “Türban” demek zorundasınız. Siyasal İslam teslim alır, onunla uzlaşamazsınız! *** Dünyanın her yerinde siyasal hareketlerin, farklı kültürlerın, aynı ülkede farklı bölgelerin özel deyişleri, sözcükleri, deyimleri, kullandıkları sıfatlar vardır. Biz Mersin’de domatese banadura da deriz. Toroslar’da fasulyeye ülübü denir. Dağ köylerinde taka (pencere), suğluk (bıçak), güdük (gömlek), seko (ceket) gibi sözcükler vardır. Gözünün yağını yiyim, gadalarını alıyım, vb. Doğu’da dayı önemli bir sıfattır, başka taraflarda emmi denir... O hesap: Sağcıların “son tahlilde”, “sosyal (içtimai, toplumsal) adalet”, “diyalektik”, “fırsat eşitliği” dediğini hiç duydunuz mu? “Emperyalizm” diyorlar ama solcuların kullandıkları anlamda değil. Sadece siyasal anlamda. “Fıtrat” muhafazakâr bir sözcüktür. *** “Sayın” sözcüğü Bülent Ecevit’in simgesidir. “Noktasında” R.T.Erdoğan’ın simgesi. Bakıyorum muhalefet bile, herkes kullanıyor. Özenti! Ortak (Kollektif) Akıl, R.T. Erdoğan’ın icadıdır. Dünyanın hiçbir uygar dilinde bir karşılığı yoktur. “Müşavere” ya da “danışma” yerine mi kullanılıyor, belli değil. Eğer öyle ise dilimizde birçok eşanlamlı sözcük var. Muhalefet bilinci olan bir aydın, bir siyasetçi Ortak Akıl gibi faşist ve totaliter bir deyiş kullanmaz. Devlet aklı da bir başka bela. Devlet oruç tutmaz, hacca gitmez, âşık olmaz, işemez. Devlet, insan olmadığı için aklı da olmaz. Devlet denen şey vatan ve toplum gibi bir “kendilik” (zatiyet, entité)’tir. Duygusu, beş duyusu, aklı yoktur. Muhalif dil bu sözcükleri kullanmaz ve yazmaz. Kullandığınız sözcükler kimliğinizi ele verir! Türban türbandır, başörtüsü değildir!

    34% of likely black voters support Trump, Terrorist stabs 5 on London Bridge, Toy sales down 5%


    It’s Monday, December 2nd, A.D. 2019. This is The Worldview in 5 Minutes heard at I’m Adam McManus.

    By Adam McManus (

    Christians girls and women victimized by Pakistani Muslim men

    In the first nine months of 2019, International Christian Concern has documented 34 incidents of abduction, assault, rape, and forcible conversions against Christian women and girls in Pakistan. Given these statistics, human rights activists in Pakistan are concerned by the vulnerability of Christian women there.

    For example, in October 2019, a 13-year-old Christian housemaid was sexually assaulted and blackmailed by Qari Zahid, a Muslim cleric of an Islamic seminary in Shujahabad. According to Iqbal Masih, a local social activist, Zahid assaulted the victim multiple times.

    Despite his threats, she revealed everything to her parents.  While local police have since registered a report against Zahid; no arrest has been made.

    Iffat Mall, a Christian activist, explained that    “Christian girls are taken for granted in this society. Persons belonging to the Muslim community know that Christians are too weak to approach the police and are unable to bear legal expenses of bringing a case. Therefore, they take advantage of this situation and humiliate Christian girls with impunity.”

    Romans 14:12 says, “So then, each of us will give an account of ourselves to God.”

    Terrorist stabs 5 on London Bridge, killed by police

    Two innocent members of the public have died after a knifeman went on a rampage Friday afternoon in London, reports the Daily Mail.

    Usman Khan, 28, was jailed in 2012 for his role in an al Qaeda-inspired terror group that plotted to bomb the London Stock Exchange and the US Embassy and kill Boris Johnson.

    After Khan stabbed up to five people on the north side of London bridge, armed police shot him dead as he was wearing a fake suicide vest in the shocking terrorist attack as frightened crowds fled the scene. Witnesses on the scene said the man had been brandishing two knives.

    Dramatic video footage showed the knifeman being tackled to the ground by at least six heroic members of the public.

    In an old letter from 2012, unveiled today, the terrorist begged to be shown mercy and asked for a course to be arranged so that he could “properly learn Islam and its teachings, and I can prove I don't carry the extreme views which I might have carried before.”

    Trump surprised U.S. troops in Afghanistan on Thanksgiving

    On a surprise visit to Afghanistan, President Donald Trump thanked U.S. and Afghan troops for the work they are doing, saying the reason the Taliban is seeking a peace deal is because the militaries are “doing a great job", reports PBS.

    TRUMP: “There's nowhere I'd rather celebrate this Thanksgiving than right here with the toughest, strongest, best and bravest warriors on the face of the earth. You are indeed that.

    “When I took office almost three years ago, our military was depleted in terms of equipment. We have all those brand new planes and brand new helicopters and brand new ships being built now -- brand new, incredible submarines. We've spent two and a half trillion dollars.”

    Toy sales down 5%, No new hot toy driving foot traffic

    Toy sales are already down more than expected — 5.5 percent through the first nine months of the year.

    Big toymakers like Mattel and Hasbro have failed to launch any new, blockbuster toys this year.  That, in turn, has left toy franchises that are already a year old or more to pick up the slack, reports the New York Post.

    34% of likely black voters support President Trump

    And finally, in what one can only describe as "disastrous news" for Democrats, two different opinion polls find that, among African Americans, support for President Trump is in the thirties. This number has been rising more or less constantly from a year ago, when it was in the mid-20s.

    Rasmussen Reports explains on Twitter that one of the biggest differences between them and most other polling organizations is that they look at likely voters instead of at voters in general.

    Among, likely black voters, a Rasmussen poll found President Trump enjoys 34 percent approval, while an Emerson survey similarly found 34.5 percent approval.

    Exit polling in 2016 found that just 8 percent of African-American voters chose Trump at the ballot box.

    If the president were to garner somewhere in the mid-thirties among black voters, it would be the highest support for a Republican presidential candidate since Dwight Eisenhower in the 1956 race, and could indeed clinch his 2020 victory.

    Acts 9:18 says, “And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales.”

    Beyond that, the Western Journal reports that Black Entertainment Television founder Robert Johnson said that as it currently stands, none of the Democratic presidential candidates are capable of defeating President Donald Trump.

    Johnson was asked if he stood by his assessment which made headlines last summer, that Trump gets an "A+" in his handling of the U.S. economy.

    Johnson said, "I still stand by that position. When you look at the economy overall, and you look at consumer confidence, you look at job growth, you look at unemployment for African-Americans and women, and you look at wages beginning to show some movement upward, I still stand by the position absolutely.”


    And that's The Worldview in 5 Minutes on this Monday, December 2nd in the year of our Lord 2019. Subscribe by iTunes or email to our unique Christian newscast at Or get the Generations app through Google Play or The App Store. I’m Adam McManus ( Seize the day for Jesus Christ.

    Print story

    Prosperity preacher’s church buys shopping mall for $217 million

    CapitaLand Limited, one of Asia’s largest diversified real estate groups, recently announced that it has agreed to sell The Star Vista, one of Singapore’s iconic shopping malls, for nearly $217 million to Rock Productions, the business arm of the 33,000-member New Creation Church led by charismatic televangelist Joseph Prince, reports the Christian Post.

    The church, which was founded in 1983, said that they will not hold a fundraising drive to pay for the mall as they already had the money on hand.

    In 2016, the church announced that it fully paid $366 million for its 5,000-seat Star Performing Arts Centre, the Straits Times said.


    Faltering State Pakistans Internal Security Landscape

    Faltering State Pakistans Internal Security Landscape

    MSU Mental Health Expansion, USM Golden Idea Competition and JSU Teacher Initiative

    The John C. Longest Student Health Center at Mississippi State University recently partnered with outpatient provider Right Track Medical Group to expand student access to comprehensive mental health care. Photo by Francisco Venâncio on Unsplash

    The John C. Longest Student Health Center at Mississippi State University recently partnered with outpatient provider Right Track Medical Group to expand student access to comprehensive mental health care. The partnership gives students better access to psychiatric evaluation, medication management and mental health counseling services, a release from MSU says.

    Students can make an appointment for free to see any of the health center's six physicians and three family nurse practitioners, who offer general care for common mental health issues such as anxiety, depression or attention deficit disorder.

    If students need specialized care, MSU health center physicians and nurse practitioners can refer students to Right Track Chief Medical Officer and Psychiatrist Dr. Stephen Pannel and board-certified Advanced Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Ella Williamson, who can both provide assessment and treatment services to students for a small fee at the health center.

    Pannel works on Fridays as an employee in MSU's clinic, and Williamson sees patients Monday through Thursday. Right Track also provides private care to children, teens and adults at its new local clinic in Starkville at 100 Starr Ave., Suite A, near Oby's restaurant.

    The center is open Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. for walk-in appointments, and counselors are on call 24 hours per day. To request services, call 662-325-2091.

    For more information on MSU's University Health Services, visit To schedule an appointment, call 662-325-7539.

    USM Hosts Golden Idea Competition

    Tiera Bryant and Whitney Jackson, both senior entrepreneurship majors at the University of Southern Mississippi, recently took first place in USM's inaugural Golden Idea Competition.

    USM modeled the Golden Idea Competition, which offered a platform for student entrepreneurs to pitch their products or services to potential investors, off of the television show "Shark Tank," a release from the university says.

    Thirty teams of up to four students initially submitted proposals for the competition. In their proposals, students discussed their products, what problems the products would solve, potential revenue and their target market. Students submitted the applications to a group who decided which 10 teams would advance to round two.

    The top 10 teams next appeared before a panel of USM alumni and community members. Each team had two minutes to pitch their idea and three to five minutes for questions. The judges then decided the top three contestants. Live audience voting determined which teams took first, second and third places.

    Bryant and Jackson's entry, "Pro Waiter," would allow for restaurants to temporarily staff waiters with a pool of screened and trained applicants in a manner similar to Uber, a release from USM says. The first-place prize was $1,000 in cash.

    Natalie Rushing, a senior nursing major from Bogalusa, La., won second place and $500 for her proposal "Sugar and Spice," a specialty spice store.

    Two teams shared third place and a $250 award each. Rida Hassan, a senior management major from Karachi, Pakistan, and Kevin Morgan Bailey, a senior marketing major from New Concord, Ohio, presented "Bus Spot," which would create an app to GPS track campus shuttles to allow live feed for students to know estimated arrival times of their buses. Brice Wilkinson, a junior entrepreneurship major from Madison, Miss., presented "PolyPole," which would utilize recycled plastics to create utility poles.

    The USM Collegiate Entrepreneurs' Organization, the College of Business and Economic development, the School of Management and the Center for Economic and Entrepreneurship Education sponsored the competition.

    JSU Partners with Tom Joyner Foundation for Teacher Quality Initiative

    Jackson State University's College of Education and Human Development recently partnered with the Tom Joyner Foundation, a nonprofit that radio personality Tom Joyner founded in 1998 to provide scholarships and endowments for historically black colleges and universities, to assist the foundation's Teacher Quality Initiative in its mission to increase the number of STEM educators in high-need school districts in Mississippi.

    As part of the partnership, the foundation will give 31 JSU graduate students with STEM backgrounds $250,000 in scholarship funding to pursue a Master of Arts in Teaching at the JSU. The foundation required the scholars to have a 3.0 grade point average and a bachelor's degree in science, technology, engineering or math, a release from JSU says.

    Dr. Dennis Williams, coordinator of the Master of Arts in Teaching program, said in the release that a focus of the TQI is to produce educators with a range of teaching skills and help eliminate limitations for students looking to gain initial teacher certification. JSU and North Carolina A&T University are the only two HBCUs in the program, the release says.


    La destruction de la France par les Islamistes

          Anne-Sophie Chazaud   Cet islamistopithèque velu et particulièrement avenant de sa personne avait été condamné en 2012 à 16 ans de prison pour terrorisme, ce qui n’était déjà pas bezef vu qu’il projetait un attentat à Londres et montait un camp d’entraînement au Pakistan....

    House cleaning services hacks you can do by yourself.


    House cleaning service is essential in any climate or weather. No matter how amazing your furniture and household accessories are, if they are not shining or evenly cleaned, it means that no point of cleaning it. Where I lived in Pakistan, the climate is naturally windy and dusty. So I have to clean my place… Read More »House cleaning services hacks you can do by yourself.

    The post House cleaning services hacks you can do by yourself. appeared first on My Gossip Girl.


    Die Schriften der Welt: Das arabische Alphabet - Thema: Die Schriften der Welt

    Die arabische Schrift ist eine der am weitesten verbreiteten Schriften der Welt.
    Sie wird nicht nur in den arabischen Ländern für das dort gesprochene Arabisch verwendet, mit ihr werden beispielsweise auch diese folgenden Sprachen niedergeschrieben: Persisch, das in Indien und Pakistan verbreitete Urdu, das in Afghanistan gesprochene Paschtu, Kurdisch (nur in Syrien und im Irak) sowie verschiedene Berbersprachen.
    In unserem heutigen Blogartikel lesen Sie mehr über das arabische Alphabet, Sie lernen alle Buchstaben kennen und Sie finden Hilfestellungen, wie man diese Buchstaben in das lateinische Alphabet übertragen kann.

    -- Delivered by Feed43 service


    Australia vs Pakistan: Visitors’ thrashing reveals gulf in class between pace batteries, Pakistan youngsters need to learn quickly from mistakes


    While the Pakistan bowlers toiled throughout the series, their counterparts defied Ali’s logic by taking wickets in clumps. In Brisbane, the Australian fast bowlers halted Pakistan’s bright beginning by taking five wickets in 73 balls to change the momentum of the innings, the match and the series. In Adelaide, the quicks once again decimated the visitor’s top order by restricting them to 6-89 in 32 overs.

    The post Australia vs Pakistan: Visitors’ thrashing reveals gulf in class between pace batteries, Pakistan youngsters need to learn quickly from mistakes appeared first on Firstpost.


    Nathan Lyon takes five-fer as Australia thrash Pakistan by innings and 48 runs


    Nathan Lyon grabbed five wickets to spin Australia to an emphatic innings and 48-run victory in the second test against Pakistan as the hosts swept the series 2-0.

    Called to follow on after reaching 302 in response to Australia’s 589-3 declared, Pakistan’s batsmen battled hard at the Adelaide Oval but were bowled out for 239 in their second innings shortly after the dinner break of the day-night test.

    Continue reading...

    Australia beat Pakistan by innings and 48 runs in second Test – as it happened


    Australia secured easy victory and a 2-0 series win after Nathan Lyon starred on the fourth day

    Musa jumps around the crease like a, well, teenage No.11 making his Test debut, but manages to get a thick edge over the slip cordon for four before Abbas sets off for a single to get on strike but is sent back, and packing, as Cummins effects a direct hit from mid on. Game over. Australia win the series 2-0.

    Hazlewood on for Lyon and he strikes with his first effort, a straight one that moves ever so slightly in the air and finds its way through Rizwan’s forward defensive.

    Continue reading...

    Thirteen Pakistanis killed in Jordan Valley farm fire - civil defence statement

    Thirteen Pakistanis, including eight children, died when a fire swept through their makeshift dwellings on a farming estate in the Jordan Valley, Jordan's civil defence said on Monday.


    پاکستان میں خواتین کی مالی شمولیت


    پاکستان میں شہریوں کے ڈیٹا کے ریکارڈز، ٹیلی کمیونیکیشنز نیٹ ورک کے پھیلاؤ، اور سمارٹ فونز کے بڑھتے ہوئے استعمال کے مدنظر کئی ماہرین کا کہنا ہے کہ یہاں ڈیجیٹل مالی سہولیات متعارف کرنے کا وقت آگیا ہے۔ ان تمام عناصر کے باوجود بھی، پاکستان میں مالی شمولیت کی شرح پورے جنوبی ایشیاء میں سب ...مزید پڑ ھیں

    The post پاکستان میں خواتین کی مالی شمولیت appeared first on MIT Technology Review Pakistan.


    بھارت کے 2019ء کے انتخابات میں ای ووٹنگ کا استعمال


    شہاب الدین یعقوب قریشی بھارت کے سابق چیف الیکشن کمیشنراورAn Undocumented Wonder – The Making of the Great Indian Election نامی کتاب کے مصنف ہیں۔ ایم آئی ٹی ٹیکنالوجی ریویو پاکستان نے ان سے بات کرکے الیکشن کمیشن آف انڈیا کے ٹیکنالوجی سے وابستہ اقدام کے متعلق جاننے کی کوشش کی۔ یہ انٹرویو بذریعہ ای ...مزید پڑ ھیں

    The post بھارت کے 2019ء کے انتخابات میں ای ووٹنگ کا استعمال appeared first on MIT Technology Review Pakistan.


    مستقبل کے لیے ضروری صلاحیتوں کا فروغ


    ورلڈ اکنامک فورم (World Economic Forum) کے چیئرمین ڈاکٹر کلاؤس شواب (Klaus Schwab) نے ڈیجیٹل، طبیعیاتی اور حیاتیاتی شعبہ جات کے امتزاج سے وابستہ ٹیکنالوجیکل تبدیلیوں کو بیان کرنے کے لیے”چوتھے صنعتی انقلاب“ (Fourth Industrial Revolution – 4IR) کی اصطلاح ایجاد کی تھی۔ گوگل ٹرینڈز کے نتائج کے مطابق پچھلے چند سالوں کے دوران اس ...مزید پڑ ھیں

    The post مستقبل کے لیے ضروری صلاحیتوں کا فروغ appeared first on MIT Technology Review Pakistan.


    Irrational use of antibiotics is the next big health epidemic in Pakistan


      An event was held yesterday, where it was stated that around 7,00,000 people across the globe die annually because of using antibiotics irrationally. According to sources, if a similar trend continues, the death rate will rise to 10 million a year by the end of 2050. Other than that, the world economy would face […]

    The post Irrational use of antibiotics is the next big health epidemic in Pakistan appeared first on News Blog.


    Pakistani police charge hundreds of student protesters with treason

    Pakistan’s police says it has charged hundreds of students and activists with sedition for making insulting remarks against its military at a protest.

    Pakistani Hot Girls Photos In Song To Itne Khoobsurat Hai Latest Indian Movie Song


    Pakistani Hot Girls Photos In Song To Itne Khoobsurat Hai Latest Indian Movie Song

    Pakistani, Hot, Girls, Photos, In, Song, To, Itne, Khoobsurat, Hai, Latest, Indian, Movie, Song


    Til Key Ladoo (Sesame Seed Sweet balls)


    According to Ayurveda sesame seeds generate heat and energy in the body and its numerous beauty and hair benefits, sesame seeds are nutritious and delicious and are liked by every child and elder in Pakistan and india. It is categorized as super food for human consumption. It has many health benefits like helps hair growth, […]

    The post Til Key Ladoo (Sesame Seed Sweet balls) appeared first on Charda Suuraj.


    Nihari Recipe


    Nihari is a typical and most popular Pakistani dish served usually at breakfast. Although people do serve it at every dinner, lunch, or wedding function. It is a mild flavored thick curry made with Desi Masala ingredients. Wheat flour is used to get the perfect thickness of Nihari. Nihari  can be garnished with ginger slices […]

    The post Nihari Recipe appeared first on Charda Suuraj.


    UPDATE 3-Cricket-Lyon spins Australia to victory over Pakistan

    Nathan Lyon grabbed five wickets to spin Australia to an emphatic innings and 48-run victory in the second test against Pakistan on Monday as the hosts swept the series 2-0.


    UPDATE 4-Pakistan in Australia 2019 Scoreboard

    Dec 2 (OPTA) - Scoreboard at close of play on the fourth day of 2nd test between Australia and Pakistan on Monday at Adelaide, Australia Australia win by an innings and 48 runs Australia 1st innings David Warner Not Out 335 Joe Burns c Mohammad Rizwan b Shaheen Afridi 4 Marnus Labuschagne b Shaheen Afridi 162 Steven Smith c Mohammad Rizwan b Shaheen Afridi 36 Matthew Wade Not Out


    Cricket-Australia beat Pakistan by innings and 48 runs, seal series

    Australia beat Pakistan by an innings and 48 runs in the second test at Adelaide Oval on Monday to sweep their two-test series 2-0.





    Cricket-Australia five wickets from victory after Lyon strikes

    Australia edged closer to victory in the second test against Pakistan, and a series whitewash, after spinner Nathan Lyon struck twice to leave the tourists on 167 for five in their second innings at tea on day four.


    UPDATE 2-Cricket-Australia sniff victory over Pakistan after late strikes

    * Yasir cheers Pakistan with defiant maiden ton (Adds details, quotes)


    Cricket-Rain halts play as Pakistan 11-2 vs Australia

    Rain halted play after dinner on day three of the second test between Australia and Pakistan on Sunday.


    Cricket-Pakistan bowled out for 302, Australia enforces follow-on

    Pakistan were bowled out for 302 before the dinner break on day three of the second test at the Adelaide Oval on Sunday, in reply to Australia's first innings total of 589 for three declared.


    Cricket-Starc strikes twice as Azam misses out on ton

    Australia fast bowler Mitchell Starc struck twice in two balls to leave Pakistan 213 for eight at tea on day three of the second test at Adelaide Oval, still 177 runs short of making the hosts bat again.


    Australia beat Pakistan by innings and 48 runs, seal series


    Australia Team

    Australia beat Pakistan by an innings and 48 runs in the second test at Adelaide Oval on Monday to sweep their two-test series 2-0.

    The post Australia beat Pakistan by innings and 48 runs, seal series appeared first on SABC News - Breaking news, special reports, world, business, sport coverage of all South African current events. Africa's news leader..


    British Court Enjoins Protests Against School's LGBT Curriculum

    In Birmingham City Council v. Afsar, (EWHC, Nov. 26, 2019), a trial judge in the High Court in the British city of Birmingham held that an injunction should be issued limiting the manner in which demonstrators can protest an elementary school's curriculum on LGBT issues. According to the court:
    The case has been pleaded and argued in various ways, but at its heart is the argument that the School’s teaching policy – described by the defendants as “the teaching of LGBT issues (ie teaching equalities)” – represents or involves unlawful discrimination against British Pakistani Muslim children at the School, and those with parental responsibility for them ... on grounds of race and/or religion. It is submitted that the core religious, philosophical and cultural values of this group “are centred on heterosexual relationships in marriage; this state of belief does not encompass same sex relationships”. ....
    The court held that the Equality Act 2010 excludes from its coverage anything done in connection with the content of curriculum. In any event, the court concluded:
    The teaching has been misunderstood and misinterpreted by the defendants, and misrepresented, sometimes grossly misrepresented, in the course of the protests. The matters that have actually been taught are limited, and lawful. 
    The court went on:
    The evidence – including but not limited to the expert evidence - persuades me that the levels of noise generated by this way of protesting is clearly excessive, amounting to an intrusion into the lives of those at the School and its neighbours that goes well beyond anything that could be justified as proportionate to the aims of persuasion. 
    The court held, however, that an earlier injunction banning the use of social media by protesters should be lifted, saying in part:
    The speech with which I am here concerned has been expressed in the context of a private, or limited, WhatsApp group. It was not aimed at the teachers, in the sense that they were intended to read it. It has come to their attention only as a result of disclosures made by one or more members of that group. The scale, frequency, nature and impact of the abuse to date, given its context, do not give rise to a sufficiently compelling case for interference.
    The court also issued a summary of the decision. The British publication Conservative Women published an article highly critical of the decision.

    Minister wants Makkah Route initiative coverage for all Pakistani Hajj pilgrims next year

    Mon, 2019-12-02 01:59

    ISLAMABAD: Pakistan will ask Saudi Arabia to expand the Makkah Route initiative for all Pakistani Hajj pilgrims next year, Pir Noor-ul-Haq Qadri, federal minister for religious affairs, said in an exclusive interview with Arab News in Islamabad on Friday.

    The initiative by Saudi Arabia was finalized during Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s maiden visit to Pakistan in February. Some 22,000 Pakistani pilgrims were cleared for immigration and customs prior to their Hajj departure during this year’s pilot project in Islamabad.

    “I will reach Jeddah on a five-day official visit on Tuesday to talk with Saudi authorities and sign an agreement for Hajj 2020,” Qadri said, adding that there are “many things on our agenda,” such as the expansion of the Makkah Route initiative, Hajj quota and e-visa facilities.

    Thousands of Pakistani pilgrims have already benefited from the pilot program in Islamabad.

    “This year, we are going to request the Saudi government to expand it to the whole country, otherwise at least Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta should be included,” the minister said. 

    He added it would ultimately be the Kingdom’s decision based on costs related to the expansive project.


    • Pakistan’s Federal Minister for Religious Affairs Pir Noor-ul-Haq Qadri will arrive in Jeddah on Tuesday to sign an agreement for Hajj 2020.

    • Other things on the agenda include expansion of the Makkah Route initiative, Hajj quota and e-visa facilities.

    However, Qadri was hopeful that the project would at least be extended to all provincial capitals by next year and said that the Saudis had delivered on almost all of Prime Minister Imran Khan’s requests.

    “They have given us the Makkah  Route initiative, an e-visa facility and an increase in the Hajj quota to 200,000,” he said.

    Pakistan is the fifth country to get an e-visa facility with Saudi Arabia, in addition to Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria and France, the minister said.

    Qadri said that he would ask the Saudi government to relax rules that required all Hajj tour operators to be registered with the International Air Transport Association.

    Qadri said the Vision 2030 reform plans under Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had revolutionized Hajj and Umrah operations in a short amount of time, especially through technological innovation.

    “The pilgrims have been provided with maximum facilities. He is making Hajj very easy,” he said.

    Main category: 
    Over 170,000 Pakistani pilgrims return home from Hajj200,000 Pakistani pilgrims reach Saudi Arabia as annual Hajj ritual begins today

    Join Pakistan Air Force December 2019 in Medical & Education Branches


    Join Pakistan Air Force December 2019 in Medical & Education Branches. Join Pakistan Air Force PAF Medical & Education Branches 2019 (1 December 2019).  PAF currently offers Commission in 125 Combat Support Course (Medical & Education Branches).  The posts of Specialist Doctors, General Duty Medical Officers (GDMOs), Teachers are to be filled. For online registration/apply, visit  The […]

    The post Join Pakistan Air Force December 2019 in Medical & Education Branches appeared first on Jobs Junction Online.


    Motorway Police Jobs 2019 For Accountant, Computer Operator (154 Posts)


    Motorway Police Jobs 2019 For Accountant, Computer Operator (154 Posts). Tap on this page for Motorway Police Jobs 2019 in Pakistan application form, which is officially the site of the Federal Public Service Commission and is available for non-uniform motorway police jobs 2019 through the National Highway and Motorway Police. Has the option of […]

    The post Motorway Police Jobs 2019 For Accountant, Computer Operator (154 Posts) appeared first on Jobs Junction Online.


    Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority Jobs 2019 For Airport Facilitation Service, Janitor


    Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority Jobs 2019 For Airport Facilitation Service, Janitor. Find here information about PCAA Jobs 2019 Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (28 November 2019).  The positions are available at Bacha Khan International Airport, Peshawar. Posts of Airport Facilitation Service, Janitors, Motor Transport Driver, Maali, Trolley Retriever are currently vacant.  Applications along with all necessary documents must receive not […]

    The post Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority Jobs 2019 For Airport Facilitation Service, Janitor appeared first on Jobs Junction Online.


    CAA Latest Jobs 2019 Allama Iqbal International Airport Lahore Jobs 2019


    CAA Latest Jobs 2019 Allama Iqbal International Airport Lahore Jobs 2019. You may find here the latest CAA Pakistan Jobs 2019 Allama Iqbal International Airport Lahore (28 November 2019).  The posts of Assistant E&M Technician, Janitors, Motor Transport Driver, Bird Shooter are currently vacant. The last date to apply is 13th December 2019. Department Name CAA Pakistan […]

    The post CAA Latest Jobs 2019 Allama Iqbal International Airport Lahore Jobs 2019 appeared first on Jobs Junction Online.


    India: A Little Revisionism Never Hurts Anyone


    Paper No. 6519                Dated  2-Nov- 2019

      Guest Column: By Vasud Torsekar

     The recent statements by Indian ministers alluding to Pak-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Aksai Chin as Indian territories are being misconstrued as revisionism. While revisionism itself has been vilified by the ethnocentric bias in International Relations literature, it seems to be the preferred strategy for almost all global superpowers today. Even the Pakistani stand on Kashmir has been blatantly revisionist for the larger part of its existence. So in a world that seems to be mainstreaming revisionism, India can survive the ignominy of being labelled a revisionist.

    Just as the Azadi March of Maulana Fazl-ur-Rahman was beginning to distract Pakistanis from the events of August 5, the Government of India quietly released the maps of the newly constituted union territories of Ladakh, and Jammu and Kashmir. These maps showed the illegally occupied northern areas of Gilgit and Baltistan as part of the Union Territory of Ladakh. While the reorganisation of maps has changed nothing on ground, it essentially fits a pattern emerging from the Indian side.

    On August 6, Home Minister Amit Shah asserted India’s right to make laws for the entire territory of Jammu and Kashmir, including Pak-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Aksai Chin. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh pointed out that any future parleys with Pakistan would have to be about the PoK. External Affairs Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar insisted that PoK “is part of India and we expect one day that we will have the physical jurisdiction over it”. In essence, it was being insinuated that India was no longer content with the territorial status quo in South Asia.

    It is generally believed that the peace and stability in the international system rest on the pivot of status quo, especially the territorial status quo. Seeking territorial reorganisation amounts to revisionism, which is anathema to international peace. This is why revisionist powers, we are told, have few friends! So does India, in seeking to regain control over PoK, become a revisionist power?

    For one, this apprehension of revisionism betrays the Anglo-American ethnocentric bias pervasive in the field of International Relations. E. H. Carr, a prominent historian and English diplomat says that status quo undermines the moral dimension and only those states support status quo that benefit fro­m it. As such, the moral desirability of status quo is ambiguous at best and all countries are revisionist in their own ways.

    Revisionism is essentially a sign of dissatisfaction with the existing features of the international system.

     The characterisation of the Indian claims to PoK and Aksai Chin as “revisionism” is tenuous at best. Both territories have been on Indian official maps since 1948. The restriction on the Parliamentary power to legislate for Jammu and Kashmir came from article 370 and it was self-imposed. It was by no means a surrender of Indian sovereignty over illegally occupied territories. If India was open to converting the line of control (LoC) into the international border in the past (Swaran Singh-Bhutto talks in 1963, Simla Agreement in 1972), it is not to be construed as acquiescence to the territorial status quo. Such offers were made in discretionary exercise of India’s sovereign powers to cede territory in pursuit of regional peace and stability. And if India is no longer willing to make that concession then it must be put in a proper context instead of surrendering to the Occam’s razor.

     In the 70 years since, India has survived a Pak-sponsored separatist movement in Punjab, the exodus of Kashmiri pandits, and countless terrorist attacks, including those that targeted even the citizens of Israel and America. Ghazwa-e-Hind (conquest of India), once considered the agenda of a few extremists, has made its way into the mainstream discourse through unsubtle monikers like “Endia”, used liberally even by Pakistani ministers. The Daesh flags bandied about in the Kashmir protests were probably the final knell in the coffin for the Kashmir-is-an-unfinished-business-of-partition theory.

    While nobody wants to take the Pakistani rhetoric seriously, the stark reality of extreme radicalisation can no longer be discounted as just rhetoric. The solution-to-Afghanistan-lies-in-Kashmir innuendos can no longer be overlooked. With the US renegotiation of NAFTA and Russian occupation of Crimea, revisionism seems to be the preferred strategy of almost all superpowers today. 70 years of unilateral and disproportionate revisions by Pakistan have rendered the word meaningless anyway.  So in a world that seems to be mainstreaming revisionism, India can survive the ignominy of being labelled a revisionist. After all, a little revisionism never hurt anyone.

    The Author is an analyst with expertise on International Relations and International Law.






    Pakistani FM calls on President, invites for visit

    Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan, Shah Mahmood Qureshi, called on President Gotabaya Rajapaksa at the Presidential Secretariat this afternoon (02). MORE..

    Pakistani Foreign Minister in Sri Lanka

    Pakistan s Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi arrived on a two-day official visit to Sri Lanka. MORE..

    Australia wins by innings and 48 runs, sweeps Pakistan 2-0


    Nathan Lyon had never taken a five-wicket haul against Pakistan. The veteran off-spinner hadn’t taken a wicket in the day-night test until the fourth day.

    The post Australia wins by innings and 48 runs, sweeps Pakistan 2-0 appeared first on The Himalayan Times.


    Cahiers d'études africaines -Numéro 2019/4 - n° 236 - Paroles de papier

    Page 949 à 966 : Rémi Dewière - Paroles de papier. Matérialité et écritures en contextes africains | Page 949a à 966a : Silvia Bruzzi, Rémi Dewière - Words of Paper. Materiality of Writing and its Discourses in African Contexts | Page 967 à 992 : Alexandros Tsakos - Materiality and Physicality of Medieval Manuscripts from Christian Nubia | Page 993 à 1024 : Didier Nativel - « Réversibilités documentaires » | Page 1025 à 1046 : Anne K. Bang - Islamic Incantations in a Colonial Notebook | Page 1047 à 1090 : Rémi Dewière - Les lettres du pouvoir au Sahel islamique | Page 1091 à 1118 : Ghislaine Lydon - Paper Instruments in Early African Economies and the Debated Role of the Suftaja | Page 1119 à 1154 : Anouk Cohen - What is a “Moroccan Qur’an”? | Page 1155 à 1158 : Laure Carbonnel - Bornand Sandra. — Noces en paroles chez les Zarma (Niger) | Page 1158 à 1161 : Rémi Dewière - Cohen Anouk. — Fabriquer le livre au Maroc | Page 1161 à 1163 : Silvia Bruzzi - Dore Gianni. — Amministrare l’esotico : l’etnografia pratica dei funzionari e dei missionari nell’Eritrea coloniale | Page 1163 à 1167 : Anouk Cohen - Hull Matthew S. — Government of Paper: The Materiality of Bureaucracy in Urban Pakistan | Page 1167 à 1171 : Elke E. Stockreiter - Brigaglia Andrea & Nobili Mauro (eds.). — The Arts and Crafts of Literacy: Islamic Manuscript Cultures in Sub-Saharan Africa ; Krätli Graziano & Lydon Ghislaine (eds.). — The Trans-Saharan Book Trade: Manuscript Culture, Arabic Literacy and Intellectual History in Muslim Africa | Page 1171 à 1173 : Ghislaine Lydon - Messick Brinkley. — Sharīʿa Scripts: A Historical Anthropology | Page 1174 à 1180 : Alexandros Tsakos - Piquette Kathryn E. & Whitehouse Ruth D. — Writing as Material Practice. Substance, Surface and Medium ; Kay Sarah. — Animal Skins and the Reading Self in Medieval Latin and French Bestiaries. | Page 1180 à 1184 : Knut S. Vikør - Warscheid Ismail. — Droit musulman et société au Sahara prémoderne. La justice islamique dans les oasis du Grand Touat (Algérie) aux XVII e -XIX e siècles.

    Korean Tekken Legend ‘Knee’ comes to Pakistan and He loves Pakistan’s Hospitality


    True to his promise, The Greatest Of All Times (GOAT) in the famous versus-fighting action game TEKKEN, the Korean Legend Jae Min Bae a.k.a.“Knee” is here in Pakistan and he is overwhelmed by the welcome and hospitality he has received here by Fighting Game’s Community. It was back in August this year when the gaming […]

    The post Korean Tekken Legend ‘Knee’ comes to Pakistan and He loves Pakistan’s Hospitality appeared first on News Blog.


    Pakistan: End crackdown on student protests


    Ronan Farrow | Catch and Kill: Lies, Spies, and a Conspiracy to Protect Predators

    In conversation with Tamala Edwards, anchor, 6ABC Action News morning edition New Yorker writer Ronan Farrow has won the Pulitzer Prize for public service, a National Magazine Award, and a George Polk Award for his ''indefatigable and imaginative'' (Globe and Mail) reportage of some of the most important issues of our time. A former anchor and reporter for MSNBC and NBC News and a former State Department official in Afghanistan and Pakistan, he is the author of the New York Times bestseller War on Peace: The End of Diplomacy and the Decline of American Influence. In his new book, he offers a harrowing account of his plunge into the scores of abuse allegations against Harvey Weinstein. (recorded 11/26/2019)

    20 interesting facts about Pakistan


    We share the most interesting facts about Pakistan, from surging glaciers and political firsts to soaring peaks and, err, cash machines?

    I recently visited Pakistan for the first time to complete the K2 base camp trek. I would be lying if I said that I’d booked my flights without a hint of trepidation. Pakistan has long suffered from bad press flamed by years of political instability. As such, there are still areas of Pakistan where travel is not advisable.

    But during my visit – and this is anecdotal of course – I never once felt in danger or concerned for my safety. I felt more comfortable walking the streets in Pakistan than I have in most South-Asian countries.

    The post 20 interesting facts about Pakistan appeared first on Atlas & Boots.


    Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



    UNITED STATES/PAKISTAN : Tension rises between CIA and ISI, which is under pressure internally and externally



    Believe it! Pakistan More Attractive Destination for Global Investors than India, Says Moody’s

    New Delhi (Sputnik): Moody’s Investors Service – one of the three main global credit rating agencies – has upgraded the outlook for the Pakistani economy weeks after it took a contrary view of the Indian economy and downgraded the credit outlook to negative based on weakening macro-economic data.

    'Deeper Ties': 300 Pakistani Products to Hit Chinese Market

    New Delhi (Sputnik): Under the second phase of the China-Pakistan Free Trade Agreement (CPFTA), China will not charge any kind of duties on 313 new Pakistani products including textiles and meat products. Beijing's import bill for these 313 products is around $64 billion.

    Imran Khan Announces Establishing Code of Conduct to Restore Student Unions After Protests

    New Delhi (Sputnik): Students in Pakistan held a country-wide Students Solidarity March on Friday, 29 November, demanding the revocation of a 35-year-old ban on student unions.

    Risk in construction supply chain

    Title: Risk in construction supply chain Authors: Ahmad, Zaid Abstract: Pakistan's construction industry is constantly evolving and is associated with high and critical risk factors that is close relating to the success and failure of a construction project. One of the most critical factors that affect the construction project is disrupted the supply chain in construction. Disruption in construction supply chain occurs due to many risk factors that occur during the project life cycle. The research is aimed to identify the critical risk factors that occur in a construction supply chain, by analysing the occurrence of risk factors through quantitative and qualitative research methods. Furthermore the identified risks require to be prioritized and classified through the project stages. Therefore, contemporary and traditional methods of supply chain risk management were review to understand the various existing practices. Various challenges and opportunities were explored, and awareness of supply chain risk management in Pakistan construction industry was studied. The outcome of the research is to propose an integrated framework for managing supply chain risks in the construction project life cycle. The resulting framework will comprise of a structured classification for prioritizing supply chain risks that could be used to promote effectiveness and add value to the construction projects. The proposed framework will also aid construction practitioners in managing construction supply chain risks in Pakistan construction industry

    A 'national embarrassment': Australia to end bilateral aid to Pakistan

    Australia to cease giving bilateral aid to one of Asia's poorest countries

    Australia's domination shows split in health of five-day game

    Australia's pursuit of Pakistan's last wickets unspooled like a low-speed car chase, all prolongation and precious little suspense.

    Second Test player ratings: Australia v Pakistan

    Who fared well, who bombed out and how many votes did Travis Head get for not batting or bowling?

    Attention turns to Black Caps as Paine lauds team for Pakistan whitewash

    Tim Paine says Australia are back to their professional best as they eye a showdown with the world's No.2-ranked Test side from next week.

    As it happened: Five wickets for Lyon as Aussies crush Pakistan

    Australia scored their second consecutive innings victory over Pakistan at the Adelaide Oval to claim an emphatic 2-0 series sweep.

    Code of Conduct Needed to Restore Student Unions: Imran Khan - Newsweek Pakistan

    Code of Conduct Needed to Restore Student Unions: Imran Khan  Newsweek Pakistan

    Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



    Babar Azam's Test 'breakthrough' the big positive - Azhar Ali

    More 'A' tours of Australia needed for players to be in better position to counter the conditions, Pakistan captain says

    Lyon takes five to secure back-to-back innings victories for Australia

    Pakistan just managed to take the Test into the final session on the fourth day

    Pakistan Super League 2020: players released, retained, traded and relegated

    Kieron Pollard, Darren Sammy, Shane Watson among overseas names retained

    'I had this thought in my mind that I will bat throughout the day' - Yasir Shah

    The Pakistan legspinner on his fabulous Test century - which helped him go one up against his idol Warne, no less

    Pakistan face innings defeat despite Yasir Shah's century

    Pakistan's lower order wagged impressively, but Mitchell Starc took a six-wicket haul before the follow-on was enforced

    Warner's epic 335 not out overwhelms Pakistan before Starc burst

    It was a day for the record book at the Adelaide Oval as Warner struck a triple century

    Warner and Labuschagne flay woeful Pakistan with twin hundreds

    Pakistan had another day to forget with the ball as they managed just a single wicket

    Mathews, Chandimal to tour Pakistan as Sri Lanka name full-strength Test squad

    The team leaves for Pakistan on December 8, where they will play two Test matches that will count towards the ICC World Test Championship

    Live Report - Australia v Pakistan, 2nd Test, Adelaide

    The Live Report will bring you all the analysis, stats, news and reaction from the day-night Test in Adelaide

    Pakistan must switch on with Adelaide lights to match Australia

    Australia are set to be unchanged as they hunt a 2-0 victory while Pakistan will rejig their team

    Yasir Shah may have "woken up the beast" after Steven Smith send-off

    The Pakistan legspinner has dismissed the Australian batsman seven times and made sure everybody at the Gabba knew it



    TOO dangerous to be free: that was the warning of a British judge who just seven years ago sentenced Usman Khan to 16 years’ jail for plotting to blow up London’s Stock Exchange and start a jihadi training camp in Pakistan. But Khan, now 28, was...

    Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



    Top 10 Richest people of Pakistan


    The post Top 10 Richest people of Pakistan appeared first on Soch News.


    12/1/2019: SPORT: Amir not here hurts us: Akram

    PAKISTAN legend Wasim Akram laments the Test retirement of Mohammad Amir, saying the tourists have missed the pace and experience of the speedster. Amir, 27, who served a five- year international ban for involvement in spotfixing during the 2010...

    More than a dozen Pakistanis killed in Jordan Valley farm fire

    Fire broke out in corrugated iron sheds where two Pakistani families lived in village of al-Shuna al-Janobia.

    Pakistan vs England 1st ODI Live Streaming 8th May 2019


    The Pak vs Eng Live Today 1st Odi good game in the tour match at the start of England’s tour, but in a single Pakistan vs England 1st ODI Live match against the host side, the battles were fought, but Bowling Atak scored water on Babar Azam and Haris Sohail’s excellent batting, which took place …

    The post Pakistan vs England 1st ODI Live Streaming 8th May 2019 appeared first on Tu Musica Live.


    Thirteen Pakistanis Die In Jordan Farm Fire

    Thirteen Pakistani nationals, including eight children and four women, have died in a fire at a farm in Jordan, authorities say.

    Pakistan Urged To End 'Crackdown' On Student Protests

    Amnesty International has joined Pakistani human rights defenders in condemning the authorities’ response to peaceful student protests, calling it a “brazen violation” of their rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly.

    Comment on Say No to Visas for EU Citizens by John Ellison

    Well said. This is using the terrorist attack by an ethnically pakistani individual born in britain and radicalised online to make a completely unconnected restriction. This is exactly opposite to the lessons from this attack.

    Pakistan Business Visa | Pakistan Visa Online (United State)

     Cache Pakistan is one of the fast-growing countries who attracts a good number of investors and tourists.This process is easy and better with the help of e-visa application. This online process works for ...

    Customer Relation Officer-Female - Telenor Pakistan - Karachi

    Candidates belong to only Korangi or Landhi are preferred*. Manage customer arrivals to maximize relationship building opportunities. Rs 12,000 - Rs 15,000 a month
    From Indeed - Wed, 20 Nov 2019 08:14:32 GMT - View all Karachi jobs

    PF/GF Funds Support Executive - Telenor - Islamabad

    Why should you join Telenor? At Telenor Pakistan, we give you the opportunity to become a skilled professional in your chosen field of interest.
    From Telenor - Fri, 29 Nov 2019 14:49:05 GMT - View all Islamabad jobs

    Network Sharing Financial Control Executive - Telenor - Islamabad

    Why should you join Telenor. At Telenor Pakistan, we give you the opportunity to become a skilled professional in your chosen field of interest.
    From Telenor - Fri, 29 Nov 2019 08:49:11 GMT - View all Islamabad jobs

    Service Operations-IT Support Officer - Telenor - Islamabad

    Telenor Global Shared Services Pakistan. Why should you join Telenor. Telenor Global Shared Services Pakistan, a Shared Service Centre, is a service provider of…
    From Telenor - Tue, 26 Nov 2019 14:49:02 GMT - View all Islamabad jobs

    Growth Hacker - Telenor - Islamabad

    Why should you join Telenor. Manage end to end data analytics for My Telenor app eco-system. At Telenor Pakistan, we give you the opportunity to become a…
    From Telenor - Tue, 26 Nov 2019 14:49:01 GMT - View all Islamabad jobs

    Business Segments Specialist - Telenor - Islamabad

    Why should you join Telenor. At Telenor Pakistan, we give you the opportunity to become a skilled professional in your chosen field of interest.
    From Telenor - Mon, 24 Jun 2019 14:48:39 GMT - View all Islamabad jobs

    PHPSoftware Development Specialist - Telenor - Islamabad

    Why should you join Telenor. At Telenor Pakistan, we give you the opportunity to become a skilled professional in your chosen field of interest.
    From Telenor - Mon, 26 Nov 2018 08:49:00 GMT - View all Islamabad jobs

    Director Business Security - RSS client - Pakistan

    Implement the local security strategy, aligned with the Telenor Security Strategy. Build and develop capability within TP in line with the company and Telenor…
    From RSS careers - Fri, 03 May 2019 14:05:36 GMT - View all Pakistan jobs

    Bank Officers (Sales) - Telenor microfinance Bank Ltd. - Pakistan

    “Telenor Bank is looking for Bank Officers (Sales) for our office located in “Toba Tek Singh” as per the criteria : 1 to 2 Years in similar capacity.
    From - Thu, 25 Apr 2019 07:04:32 GMT - View all Pakistan jobs

    Manager Corporate Communications - RSS Client - Pakistan

    To deliver Telenor Group Communication campaigns. Masters in Mass Communication or MBA. To lead and manage external and internal communications, ensuring…
    From RSS careers - Thu, 10 Jan 2019 08:05:46 GMT - View all Pakistan jobs

    Assistant Manager Public & Goverment Affairs - Telenor - Lahore

    Why should you join Telenor. At Telenor Pakistan, we give you the opportunity to become a skilled professional in your chosen field of interest.
    From Telenor - Mon, 02 Dec 2019 14:49:11 GMT - View all Lahore jobs

    لندن برج حملہ آور کے سلسلے میں‌بھارت کو پھر سے منہ کی کھانا پڑی


    لندن برج حملہ آور کے سلسلے میں‌بھارت کو پھر سے منہ کی کھانا پڑی تفصیلات کے مطابق بھارت کو پھر سے منہ کی کھانا پڑی پاکستان کے خلاف اس کا منفی پراپیگنڈا دم توڑ گیا ، لندن برج کے قریب حملہ کرنے والے عثمان خان کا پاکستان سے کوئی تعلق ثابت نہیں ہوسکا اور بھارتی […]

    The post لندن برج حملہ آور کے سلسلے میں‌بھارت کو پھر سے منہ کی کھانا پڑی appeared first on Baaghi TV.


    Pakistan fight to avoid defeat against Australia

    Pakistan fight to avoid defeat against Australia

    A 'national embarrassment': Australia to end bilateral aid to Pakistan

    Australia to cease giving bilateral aid to one of Asia's poorest countries

    Australia's domination shows split in health of five-day game

    Australia's pursuit of Pakistan's last wickets unspooled like a low-speed car chase, all prolongation and precious little suspense.

    Second Test player ratings: Australia v Pakistan

    Who fared well, who bombed out and how many votes did Travis Head get for not batting or bowling?

    Attention turns to Black Caps as Paine lauds team for Pakistan whitewash

    Tim Paine says Australia are back to their professional best as they eye a showdown with the world's No.2-ranked Test side from next week.

    As it happened: Five wickets for Lyon as Aussies crush Pakistan

    Australia scored their second consecutive innings victory over Pakistan at the Adelaide Oval to claim an emphatic 2-0 series sweep.

    Australia Consolidate Second Spot in World Test Championship, India Comfortably on Top

    Following their 2-0 series win over Pakistan at home, Australia strengthened their hold on the second spot in the ICC World Test Championship Table, but are still a fair way behind India who lead comfortably with 360 points.

    Pakistan Rue Not Being Better Prepared for Australia Conditions

    Azhar Ali said that adapting to conditions and building partnerships were crucial if his team hoped to snap a miserable Test record in Australia.

    David Warner's Innings a Special Moment for Australia: Paine

    Australia captain Tim Paine hailed David Warner's record triple ton as one of the best innings of all time by a player from the country. In their second Test against Pakistan at the Adelaide Oval, Warner scored 335 in 418 balls, which is the second highest score by an Australian in a Test innings.

    Lyon Takes Five as Australia Thrash Pakistan by Innings & 48 Runs, Take Series 2-0

    Veteran off-spinner Nathan Lyon picked up a five-wicket haul as Australia defeated Pakistan by an innings and 48 runs in the second and final Test of the two-match series at the Adelaide Oval on Monday.

    Pakistan Fight to Avoid Defeat as Australia Dominate on Day 3 at Adelaide

    Pakistan was battling to stave off defeat in the day-night second Test against Australia on Sunday after being forced to follow on, with Tim Paine's men needing seven wickets to clinch the series 2-0.

    Surpassing Brian Lara's Record Was Never on My Mind: David Warner

    Australia captain Tim Paine's timing of declaration in the second Test against Pakistan, with David Warner on 335* came under the scanner in some quarters.

    David Warner Hits 335 & Steve Smith Shatters Record as Pakistan Suffer

    David Warner smashed an unbeaten 335 while Steve Smith became the fastest man to 7,000 Test runs as Australia took control of the second Test against Pakistan.

    David Warner Hits Triple Century, Steve Smith Breaks Don Bradman's Record

    David Warner smashed an unbeaten 335 while Steve Smith became the fastest man to 7,000 Test runs on day two of the second Test vs Pakistan in Adelaide.

    Australia vs Pakistan Live Score, 2nd Test at Adelaide, Day 2: Australia Take Early Wickets

    Catch all the live scores from the second Test between Australia and Pakistan through our commentary.

    Pakistan Pacer Hasan Ali Ruled Out of Sri Lanka Test Series Due to Rib Fracture

    Pakistan fast bowler Hasan Ali has been ruled out of the Test series against Sri Lanka next month because of broken ribs.

    Warner, Labuschagne Smack Centuries in Day-night Pakistan Test

    Australia opener David Warner continued from where he left in the opening Test as he hit an unbeaten 166 as the hosts raced to 302/1 at stumps on the opening day of the Day-Night Test against Pakistan at the Adelaide Oval. Giving Warner company was Marnus Labuschagne on a 204-ball 126. The 294-run partnership has put the Aussies in the driving seat even though rain ensured that the duo did not further damage.

    Karunaratne to Lead Full Strength Sri Lankan Squad for Test Series in Pakistan

    Sri Lanka on Friday announced a full-strength 16-member squad for the upcoming two-Test series in Pakistan.

    Pakistan Captain Bismah Maroof Wants to Play Bilateral Matches Against India

    India should keep sports away from politics and play bilateral matches against Pakistan, said the country's women's team captain Bismah Maroof on Thursday.

    Pakistan Recall Mohammad Abbas After Gabba Horror Show

    Seamer Abbas has taken 66 wickets at just 18.86 in his 14 Tests but was a surprise omission for the opening clash in Brisbane, where Pakistan were crushed by an innings and five runs.

    Australia Name Unchanged XI for Second Pakistan Test, Drop Concussion Sub Bancroft

    Australia named an unchanged team for the day-night second Test against Pakistan, but took a risk by releasing concussion substitute Cameron Bancroft.

    Australia Heavy Favourites for 'Fast Bowler's Dream' Pink-ball Test

    Add into the mix that Pakistan have now lost 13 consecutive Tests in Australia and Paine's men will be disappointed if they do not wrap up the series 2-0.

    Pink Ball Zipping Around at Night is a Fast-bowler's Dream: Cummins

    Australia will not be complacent in the second Test against Pakistan this week despite the odds being stacked heavily in their favour, they said, insisting day-night cricket is a "completely different beast".

    Pace Attack Will Be 'Totally Different' If We Get a Good Start, Says Azhar Ali

    Pakistan captain Azhar Ali backed his young pace unit to bounce back and overcome the inexperience in the second Test against Australia beginning in Adelaide on Friday.

    Generation Amazing partners with Jordan Hashemite Charity Organisation


    Generation Amazing has announced it is partnering with the Jordan Hashemite Charity Organisation for Arab and Islamic Relief, Development and Cooperation (JHCO) in order to bring the football for development programme to refugees and vulnerable communities in Jordan and across the world.

    Generation Amazing, the Supreme Committee for Delivery & Legacy (SC)’s flagship CSR programme joins forces with JHCO, who are known for their cross sectoral relief and humanitarian work across Jordan and internationally, bringing emergency assistance and providing aid for victims of man-made and natural disasters. The partnership aims to implement the Generation Amazing methodology into already existing sport for development infrastructure in Jordan as well as initiatean exchange of knowledge and operating space in Jordan, Qatar and worldwide.

    An official partnership signing ceremony took place on the 21 November during the WISE 2019 Summit at the Qatar National Convention Centre in Doha. Theevent was attended by JHCO Chairman of the Board of Trustees HRH Prince Rashid bin El Hassan, SC Secretary General HE Hassan Al Thawadi and the JHCO Secretary General HE


    Generation Amazing partners with 1 [].jpg

    “We are proud and excited to partner with such a renowned international humanitarian organisation, and will be further enhancing our Generation Amazing reach and impact across the region and the world by working together with the Jordan Hashemite Charity Organisation over the next four years,” said H.E. Hassan Al Thawadi, SC Secretary General. He continued: “JHCO has an impressive reputation for providing high quality support to affected individuals and communities in Jordan, the MENA region and further afield. We see that this partnership will not only ensure that both GA and JHCO are able to serve refugee and other vulnerable populations over the coming years, but as well innovate respectively as organisations working in the humanitarian sector. We look forward to implementing this collaborative effort which will use football for development to improve the lives of young people.”

    The Generation Amazing football for development programme works with participants to develop communication, leadership and teamwork skills while also promoting values like inclusion, integration, gender equality and building a higher sense of active citizenship among youth through the power of football.

    Ayman Al Mufleh, JHCO Secretary General, added: “The partnership between the Jordan Hashemite Charity Organisation and the Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy’s Generation Amazing programmeprovides a valuable opportunity for both organisations to not only provide support to refugees and vulnerable communities in Jordan and other countries, but to also aid in modernising their skills and experience to help integrate them into host communities through sport for development.”

    Further elaborating on what the partnership is hoping to achieve, Al Mufleh said JHCO arelooking forward to extending the ways in which it can support refugee communities by further establishing alternative methods for interacting with young people:

    Generation Amazing partners with 2 [].jpg

    “This partnership provides an essential opportunity to boost the morale of refugees, giving them the stepping stones they need to improve their quality of life. Hands on work, such as that exhibited in this programme, will most definitely improve the relationship and instills trust between the charity and refugees, providing a solid ground for both parties to grow together and creating a mutually beneficial environment, creating the first steps for socio-economic growth.”

    More than 500,000 beneficiaries have been reached to date through Generation Amazing, which is currently operating in eight countries: Qatar, Oman, Nepal, Pakistan, Jordan, Lebanon, Philippines and India. The programme plans to extend its outreach in the next few years by doubling that figure and impacting the lives of one million beneficiaries by 2022.

    Find out more about Generation Amazing.



    Seven-digit Send-off Motivates Steve Smith for Second Pakistan Test

    Shah raised his thumb and four fingers one hand, and two fingers on the other, marking the number of times he has got Smith out in test cricket, in an act noted as "interesting" by the Australian.

    Looking Forward to Bowling With The Pink Ball: Josh Hazlewood

    Ahead of his 50th Test appearance in Adelaide against Pakistan, Australian fast bowler Josh Hazlewood has said that he is looking forward to getting the pink ball in his hand once again.

    Australia Should Stick with Same Playing XI in Adelaide: Ricky Ponting

    Former Australia captain Ricky Ponting believes Australia should stick with the same playing XI that beat Pakistan in Brisbane for the second Test at Adelaide.

    Pink Ball Test is Almost a Whole Different Format: Pat Cummins

    Pat Cummins believes the second Test against Pakistan - a Day-Night match - will be almost a 'different format' compared to what they dealt with at Brisbane.

    Tim Paine Says Australia Can Get Better After Pakistan Romp

    Australia captain Tim Paine says his team have room to improve after crushing Pakistan in their opening Test, hailing the quality of his batsmen and bowlers.

    Paine Wants Gabba Kickoff to All Test Series After Crushing Win

    Australian captain Tim Paine said he would prefer all home Test series to begin at the Gabba after recording a dominant win over Pakistan in the first Test.

    Babar Azam Century in Vain as Australia Win by Innings & Five Runs

    Australia went one up in their two-Test series against Pakistan when they won the first Test by an innings and five runs at the Gabba in Brisbane on Sunday.

    12/1/2019: SUMMER OF CRICKET: Warner reveals little lucky charm behind record-breaking triple ton


    David Warner produced the biggest innings in the day-night test cricket format and surpassed some of Don Bradman’s records before finishing unbeaten on 335 when Australia captain Tim Paine declared at 589-3 on day two against Pakistan. Paine’s...

    Pakistan Technology Industry Survey 2019


    11 mins read time The Survey data set 2018 was the first year we […]

    The post Pakistan Technology Industry Survey 2019 appeared first on


    ಜಪಾನ್‌-ಭಾರತ 2+2 ಮಾತುಕತೆ, ಉಗ್ರವಾದ ಕಿತ್ತೊಗೆಯಲು ಪಾಕ್ ಗೆ ಎಚ್ಚರಿಕೆ

    ಪಾಕಿಸ್ತಾನದ ಉಗ್ರ ಪೋಷಣೆ­ಯಿಂದಾಗಿ ಪ್ರಾದೇಶಿಕ ಶಾಂತಿ ಭಗ್ನಗೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತಿದೆ. ಈ ಕೂಡಲೇ ಪಾಕ್‌ ತನ್ನ ನೆಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಭಯೋತ್ಪಾದನೆಯನ್ನು ಕಿತ್ತೊಗೆಯಬೇಕು ಎಂದು ಭಾರತ-ಜಪಾನ್‌ ಜಂಟಿಯಾಗಿ ಒತ್ತಾಯಿಸಿವೆ.

    National Bank Of Pakistan Jobs December 2019


    National Bank Of Pakistan Jobs December 2019 National Bank Of Pakistan Jobs December 2019

    The post National Bank Of Pakistan Jobs December 2019 appeared first on


    Total PARCO Pakistan Limited TPPL Jobs December 2019


    Total PARCO Pakistan Limited TPPL Jobs December 2019 Total PARCO Pakistan Limited TPPL Jobs December 2019

    The post Total PARCO Pakistan Limited TPPL Jobs December 2019 appeared first on


    Pakistan Steel Job December 2019


    Pakistan Steel Job December 2019 Pakistan Steel Job December 2019

    The post Pakistan Steel Job December 2019 appeared first on


    Pakistan Oilfields Limited POF Jobs Assistant Engineer


    Pakistan Oilfields Limited POF Jobs Assistant Engineer Pakistan Oilfields Limited POF Jobs Assistant Engineer

    The post Pakistan Oilfields Limited POF Jobs Assistant Engineer appeared first on


    The Institute Of Chartered Accountants Of Pakistan ICAP Jobs December 2019


    The Institute Of Chartered Accountants Of Pakistan ICAP Jobs December 2019 The Institute Of Chartered Accountants Of Pakistan ICAP Jobs

    The post The Institute Of Chartered Accountants Of Pakistan ICAP Jobs December 2019 appeared first on


    Edenrobe Pakistan Jobs Manager Digital Marketing


    Edenrobe Pakistan Jobs Manager Digital Marketing: Edenrobe requires a young and energetic candidate for the position of “ Manager Digital

    The post Edenrobe Pakistan Jobs Manager Digital Marketing appeared first on


    AirSial Pakistan Jobs Manager Brand Media & Marketing


    AirSial Pakistan Jobs Manager Brand Media & Marketing : AirSial Pakistan Jobs Manager Brand Media & Marketing

    The post AirSial Pakistan Jobs Manager Brand Media & Marketing appeared first on


    Foodpanda Pakistan Internship December 2019


    Foodpanda Pakistan Internship December 2019: Foodpanda is looking to hire Interns for our commercial team based at Lahore. Someone who

    The post Foodpanda Pakistan Internship December 2019 appeared first on


    HUB Pakistan Jobs E-Commerce Trainee


    HUB Pakistan Jobs E-Commerce Trainee: HUB Pakistan Jobs E-Commerce Trainee

    The post HUB Pakistan Jobs E-Commerce Trainee appeared first on


    EY Ford Rhodes Pakistan Jobs Business Tax Advisory


    EY Ford Rhodes Pakistan Jobs Business Tax Advisory:EY Ford Rhodes is hiring for a position in Business Tax Advisory. This

    The post EY Ford Rhodes Pakistan Jobs Business Tax Advisory appeared first on


    DHL Global Forwarding Pakistan Internship November 2019


    DHL Global Forwarding Pakistan Internship November 2019:Internship opportunity at DHL Global Forwarding Pakistan Position: Internship- FinanceNumber of positions: 2Duration: 12-16

    The post DHL Global Forwarding Pakistan Internship November 2019 appeared first on


    Miniso Pakistan Jobs November 2019


    Miniso Pakistan Jobs November 2019: Miniso Pakistan Jobs November 2019

    The post Miniso Pakistan Jobs November 2019 appeared first on


    ICI Pakistan Ltd Jobs Sales Coordinator


    ICI Pakistan Ltd Jobs Sales Coordinator: ICI Pakistan Ltd. is hiring for the role of Sales Coordinator for its P.h.a.r.m.a.c.e.u.t.i.c.a.l.s

    The post ICI Pakistan Ltd Jobs Sales Coordinator appeared first on


    Foodpanda Pakistan Jobs November 2019


    Foodpanda Pakistan Jobs November 2019 Position Title: Supply Associate Department: Delivery & Logistics Company: Foodpanda Pakistan Location: Wah Cantt Foodpanda,

    The post Foodpanda Pakistan Jobs November 2019 appeared first on


    Exide Pakistan Limited Jobs Deputy Manager Sales


    Exide Pakistan Limited Jobs Deputy Manager Sales:Exide Pakistan Limited is seeking Deputy Manager Sales, having 6-8 years of Sales Management

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    Coats Pakistan Internship November 2019


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    Episode 53 - Pakistan get rolled at the Gabba! Featuring Adam Hassan and Alex Spinks


    Yes folks the aussie cricket team is back with a brand new invention called - Top order batting! Pat and Chris talk WBBL, Adam Hassan drops by for a chat and Alex Spinks lives to win.

    Music: Paul Stanley - live to win. Licenced by APRA micro broadcaster licence. UMG (on behalf of New Door Records); ASCAP, UMPG Publishing, BMG Rights.


    Web: www.gingersnapsydney/twofornone


    Episode 51 - WBBL Special and Pakistan test preview with Heidi Cheadle, Alex Spinks and Adam Hassan!


    Spinks is in to co host as Australia gear up for the start to the summer. Pakistan are in town getting hyped for the test, big results across the Sheffield Shield and Heidi Cheadle stops by for a big chat around the WBBL. Plus the legend Adam Hassan gives his thoughts on Pakistans chances this summer! Get around it!

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    Accident in pakistan

    injured shifted to hospital

    Pakistan's PPP to submit plea for ex-President Zardari's bail on medical grounds

    Zardari, 64, was arrested in June after his bail application was rejected in connection to the fake bank accounts case.

    Sikh girl who went to visit Kartarpur Sahib missing in Pakistan

    Pakistan police have arrested four men from Lahore and Faisalabad in connection with the incident.

    Ceasefire violated by Pakistan along LoC to provide cover to infiltrating militants: IG BSF

    Singh said infiltration had reduced by a large extent but the launch pads across the Line of Control were active as militants were waiting to sneak in.

    New generation should have replaced me by now: Leander Paes

    Paes was named in India #39;s Davis Cup squad for the Pakistan tie after several top players made themselves unavailable to travel to Islamabad.

    Pakistan FM Qureshi meets Sri Lanka's new leadership to boost bilateral ties

    Earlier, Qureshi held a separate meeting with his Sri Lankan counterpart Dinesh Gunawardena and apprised him about the quot;dire situation quot; in Kashmir.

    At least 13 Pakistanis, mostly children, killed in Jordan fire

    The Foreign Office in a statement in Islamabad said three Pakistanis were also injured in the fire early on Monday and are reported to be in stable condition.

    Pakistan President Arif Alvi invites Sri Lankan counterpart Gotayaba Rajapaksa to visit Islamabad

    Qureshi, who is on a two-day visit to the island nation, handed over a letter of Pakistan President Arif Alvi to Rajapaksa inviting him to pay a visit to Pakistan.

    Pakistan rue not being better prepared for Australia conditions

    Babar Azam reinforced his reputation as top-notch batsman, hitting a century in Brisbane and 97 in Adelaide.

    Nathan Lyon stars as Australia thrash Pakistan by an innings and 48 runs, win series 2-0

    Hazlewood picked up the penultime wicket soon after the dinner break and Cummins finished off the match when he threw down the stumps at the non-striker #39;s end to run out Mohammad Abbas.

    Pakistan FM Qureshi meets Sri Lankan FM Gunawardena, apprises him about Kashmir situation

    According to Pakistan Foreign Office, Qureshi will call on Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and PM Mahinda Rajapaksa and felicitate them.

    Nathan Lyon takes five as Australia wear down stubborn Pakistan

    At the dinner break in Adelaide, Pakistan were 229 for eight -- still needing to score another 58 to make the hosts bat again.

    Two Pakistani Army officers injured in retaliatory firing by India along LoC in Poonch

    This was the third ceasefire violation by Pakistan in the border district in as many days.

    Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi to visit Sri Lanka

    Qureshi #39;s visit comes immediately after President Rajapaksa #39;s recent visit to India during which he met President Ram Nath Kovind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

    Pakistan fight to avoid defeat against Australia

    They had resumed on an overcast and cold afternoon teetering at 96 for six in their first innings, in reply to Australia #39;s 589/3d, built on the back of Warner #39;s monumental 335 not out.

    Nuclear News Roundup Dec 01, 2019



    'Change old mindset', Imran Khan to Pakistani bureaucrats

    Khan called for improving governance and law and order in Punjab province in Pakistan.

    Pat Cummins becomes first bowler to take 50 Test wickets in 2019

    Cummins picked up the wicket of Mohammad Abbas in the 91st over of Pakistan #39;s innings to take his tally to 50 in 2019.

    Pak Minister's Kartarpur comments expose Islamabad’s real intentions: Amarinder

    He also urged Navjot Sidhu to exercise caution in dealing with Pakistan.

    Yasir Shah hits century as stubborn Pakistan forced to follow on against Australia

    The visitors resumed on an overcast day teetering at 96 for six in reply to Australia #39;s first innings 589 for three declared, built on the back of David Warner #39;s monumental 335 not out.

    BSF working on tech solutions to combat drones along Indo-Pak border: Director General VK Johri

    BSF Director General VK Johri also said that the force has expanded its #39;strategic capabilities #39; by using new technology and intelligence to guard borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh.

    Cricket teams should go for records: Shashi Tharoor's take on David Warner

    Warner had played an unbeaten knock of 335 runs against Pakistan in the ongoing day-night Test at Adelaide and was on course to break Lara #39;s individual score of 400.

    India and Japan ask Pakistan to take concrete action against terror infrastructure

    India and Japan also called upon all countries to take resolute action in rooting out terrorist safe havens and infrastructure, disrupt terrorist networks.

    New: Grandmother Involvement in Rural Pakistan: An Observational Study on Child Growth and Development

    Background: Early childhood interventions primarily focus on the mother-child relationship, but grandmothers are often critical in childcare in low-resource settings. We examined the role of grandmother involvement on child growth and development cross-sectionally and longitudinally in rural Pakistan.

    Methods: Maternally reported grandmother involvement was collected at 3 and 12 months postpartum about daily instrumental and non-instrumental caregiving and categorized into non-involved, low, and high. Outcomes included 12- and 24-month child growth, 12-month Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, and 24-month Ages and Stages Questionnaire-Socioemotional. We used adjusted linear mixed models to estimate mean differences (MD) on 699 households with complete data.

    Findings: The majority of grandmothers were involved in caregiving at 3 and 12 months. High 3-month grandmother involvement (vs. non-involved) was associated with higher 12-month weight-for-length ...

    Kartarpur corridor was Army chief Bajwa's brainchild, will hurt India: Pakistan minister

    The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf government has claimed that the Kartarpur corridor was the initiative of Prime Minister Khan.

    David Warner hits 335, Steve Smith shatters record as Pakistan suffer

    Skipper Tim Paine waved his players back into the pavilion at 589 for three ahead of the second day #39;s dinner break with Warner on the 10th highest Test score ever, also a personal best.

    Shaheen Afridi was in 'La La Land', others yawning: Wasim Akram slams Pakistani players

    Wasim Akram wasn #39;t impressed with Pakistan rsquo;s effort in the field and let his feelings be known while commentating during the Adelaide Test.

    Usman Khan profile: Terrorist who wanted to bomb London stock exchange, kill PM Johnson

    Khan left school with no qualifications after spending part of his late teens in Pakistan. On his return to the UK, he started preaching extremism on the Internet.

    Pakistan waging proxy war as it can't win conventional one, says Defence Minister Rajnath Singh

    India always had cordial and friendly relations with other countries, Singh said, adding that the country never had any extra-territorial ambitions but if provoked, it would not spare anyone.

    Pakistan media blames Imran Khan government for 'inept' handling of army chief's extension case

    The Supreme Court gave General Qamar Javed Bajwa a reprieve on Thursday and allowed him to continue as the Chief of the Army Staff for six more months after posing tough questions.

    David Warner registers second-highest individual score for Australia in Tests

    Warner played an unbeaten knock of 335 against Pakistan on day two of the ongoing day-night Test at the Adelaide Oval.

    Leander Paes betters Davis Cup record, India secure tie against Pakistan

    Pakistani teenagers Mohammed Shoaib and Hufaiza Abdul Rehman were no match for the Indian combination of battle-hardened Paes and Jeevan, who needed just 53 minutes to win 6-1 6-3.

    David Warner breaks Bradman, Azhar Ali records in 300-plus innings

    Warner scored the triple ton against Pakistan on day two of the ongoing day-night Test at the Adelaide Oval.

    London Bridge attacker Usman Khan used to recruit, fund Pakistan terror camps

    After returning to the UK, 28-year-old Khan used to preach extremism on the internet while funding the terror camps in Pakistan and recruiting men for it.

    David Warner hits double century against Pakistan

    The 33-year-old, playing in his 81st Test, began day two of the day-night second Test in Adelaide on 166 and wasted little time in racing to 200.

    Marnus Labuschagne becomes year's leading run-scorer in Tests

    The batter went on to score 162 runs in the first innings of the day-night Test against Pakistan, and as a result, took his tally in 2019 to 829 runs.

    Pakistan terrorists reactivating Balakot terror camp: MHA informs Parliament

    Pakistan terrorists reactivating Balakot terror camp: MHA informs Parliament


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    Lyon spins Australia to victory over Pakistan

    IMAGE: Nathan Lyon provided Australia with two crucial wickets in the first session. Photograph: ICC/Twitter Nathan Lyon grabbed five wickets to...

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    Comment la Commission trilatérale a conduit un coup d’état bancaire en Amérique


    Jusqu’à récemment, j’avais cru, comme beaucoup d’autres, que Jimmy Carter n’était pas un politicien typique. Se démarquant de la vaste bande de pirates et de faux-culs de l’establishment, l’ancien président est souvent apparu comme la seule voix de la raison parmi les élites américaines, dénonçant les injustices de l’armée, les torts du lobby sioniste et la nature autodestructrice de l’oligarchie américaine. Un homme qui parle si franchement ne peut pas être mauvais.


    Bien que je pense que Carter avait probablement de bonnes intentions, je pense aussi que l’homme est probablement aussi désemparé aujourd’hui qu’il l’était lorsqu’il était utilisé comme un pantin par les forces désormais identifiées comme l’État profond international qui a pris en main les politiques étrangère et intérieure américaines pendant sa présidence de 1977 à 1981.


    Sous le règne de Carter, une organisation issue de l’influence combinée du Council on Foreign Relations et du groupe Bilderberg s’empara de l’Amérique sous le nom de Commission trilatérale et renversa les derniers vestiges des impulsions anti-impériales contenues dans la vision promue par les présidents Franklin Roosevelt et John Kennedy, convertissant les États-Unis en la catastrophe autodestructrice que nous connaissons aujourd’hui.


    Étant donné que ces réformes de la Trilatérale couvraient tellement de domaines liés à la politique économique, à la création de l’esclavage par la dette extérieure, au financement du terrorisme et aux énergies vertes, il serait utile de procéder à une brève évaluation de la manière dont cela s’est passé tout en examinant également certains des principaux acteurs qui ont rendu cela possible.


    La Commission trilatérale prend le relais


    Alors que James Carter est devenu le 39e président des États-Unis en 1977, la Commission trilatérale avait en fait été créée en 1973 sous la présidence de David Rockefeller III, président de la Chase Manhattan Bank, et une coterie de financiers internationaux et d’idéologues à l’esprit impérialiste qui croyaient religieusement dans la doctrine de la gouvernance mondiale, sous une éthique philosophique maître-esclave. L’idée de consolider trois zones de pouvoir globales – l’Amérique du Nord, l’Europe occidentale et le Japon – au plus fort de la guerre froide, sous une structure de commandement unifiée, a été le motif qui a présidé à la création de ce groupe de réflexion à l’époque.


    Zbigniew Brzezinski, figure de proue de la Commission trilatérale, devenu plus tard conseiller de Carter pour la sécurité nationale, a qualifié cet agenda «d’ère technétronique», qu’il a décrite en 1970 comme «l’apparition graduelle d’une société plus contrôlée. Une telle société serait dominée par une élite, sans l’astreinte des valeurs traditionnelles». Qui ces spécialistes représenteraient-ils ? Dans son ouvrage Between Two Ages, Brzezinski a expliqué très clairement :



    L’État-nation, en tant qu’élément fondamental de la vie organisée de l’homme, a cessé d’être la principale force créatrice : les banques internationales et les sociétés multinationales agissent et planifient sur des horizons lointains, en avance sur les concepts politiques de l’État-nation.


    Le sénateur Barry Goldwater a interpellé cette bête étrangère transformant l’Amérique, dans son autobiographie de 1979, With No Apologies, en affirmant que :



    La Commission trilatérale est internationale… (et)… est censée être le véhicule de la consolidation multinationale des intérêts commerciaux et bancaires en prenant le contrôle du gouvernement politique des États-Unis. La Commission trilatérale représente un effort habile et coordonné pour s’emparer du contrôle et consolider les quatre centres du pouvoir – politique, monétaire, intellectuel et religieux.


    Un autre personnage politique américain qui combattait alors ce virus étranger était le candidat à la présidence, Lyndon LaRouche, qui écrivait prophétiquement, le 4 février 1981, dans son livre  The Trilateral Commission’s Rapid End to Democracy :



    Le plan est de combiner l’effondrement du système financier des États-Unis, de la plupart de l’Europe occidentale, et d’autres pays pour créer un scénario de «gestion de crise globale» à l’échelle la plus vaste et la plus catastrophique… la crise financière doit être utilisée pour soumettre les États-Unis, entre autres pays, par l’établissement d’une dictature, suite à un décret du FMI.


    Sous la direction de Brzezinski, un tiers des membres de la Commission trilatérale ont été nommés à des postes de haut rang dans le cabinet Carter. Les membres notables qui méritent d’être mentionnés sont Walter Mondale vice-président, Harold Brown secrétaire à la Défense, Cyrus Vance secrétaire d’État, Michael Blumenthal secrétaire au Trésor, James Schlesinger tsar de l’énergie, Paul Volcker président de la Fed. Juste pour évoquer le pedigree britannique de ce groupe, Brzezinski et Blumenthal n’étaient pas seulement membres du Bilderberg, mais faisaient aussi partie des neuf directeurs du projet Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) des années 1980. Le CFR est le groupe Cecil Rhodes / Round Table qui s’est établi en Amérique en 1921 pour faire avancer le mandat de Rhodes visant à reconquérir l’Amérique en tant que colonie perdue et à rétablir un nouvel empire britannique.


    La crise de la démocratie


    En 1975, l’assistant de Brzezinski, Samuel P. Huntington, a écrit un livre intitulé Crisis of Democracy dans le cadre du projet des années 1980 du Council on Foreign Relations, qui a publié 33 ouvrages provenant de dix groupes de travail chargés d’inaugurer l’ère Technétronic. Huntington avait déclaré :



    Nous avons fini par reconnaître qu’il existe des limites potentiellement souhaitables à la croissance économique. Il existe également des limites potentiellement souhaitables à l’extension indéfinie de la démocratie … Un gouvernement qui manque d’autorité aura peu de capacité à imposer à son peuple les sacrifices qui seront nécessaires.


    Huntington et Brzezinski ont mené une réforme des affaires étrangères qui a commencé à financer des écoles islamiques radicales et des mouvements politiques à partir du renversement du Shah d’Iran par l’USAID et de l’installation de l’ayatollah Khomeiny en 1979. Le financement américain accordé à Al-Qaïda et aux Moudjahidines était prodigué pour la raison pragmatique de contrer les Soviétiques en Afghanistan, mais la vraie raison était de justifier une thèse du «choc des civilisations» que Huntington a publiée plus tard avec l’hypothèse que les grandes religions ne pourraient pas avoir la paix sans la création d’un Leviathan global pour imposer l’ordre d’en haut. C’était un cas évident du mythe de Pygmalion poussé à l’extrême.


    Il convient de noter ici que le Shah, ainsi que de nombreux dirigeants du mouvement des non-alignés, se sont alors engagés dans une lutte majeure pour se libérer de la structure néocoloniale de l’esclavage par la dette, sous contrôle anglo-américain, en utilisant leurs pouvoirs souverains inaliénables pour annuler les dettes impayables tout en libérant des investissements dans le progrès scientifique et technologique sur le «modèle japonais» de l’après-guerre. Le succès exceptionnel du passage du Japon féodal, après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, à une économie scientifique et industrielle avancée a rendu son adhésion à la Commission trilatérale d’autant plus importante dans l’esprit des nouveaux dieux olympiens qui craignaient que d’autres pays en développement ne s’en inspirent.


    La désintégration contrôlée de l’Occident


    Deux mois après avoir été nommé président de la Réserve fédérale américaine, Paul Volcker a donné une conférence à l’Université Warwick de Londres, proclamant qu’une « désintégration contrôlée de l’économie mondiale est un objectif légitime pour les années 1980 ».


    Volcker a géré cette désintégration contrôlée en relevant les taux d’intérêt de 20 à 21,5 % à partir de 1979 et les y laissant jusqu’en 1982, tout en augmentant les réserves obligatoires des banques commerciales. L’effet a paralysé à jamais l’économie américaine avec une effondrement considérable de la production agricole, de 45,5 % pour les machines-outils, de 44,3 % pour la production automobile et de 49,4 % pour la production d’acier. Au cours de cette période traumatisante, les petites et moyennes entreprises ont été intentionnellement mises en faillite dans tous les secteurs des économies nord-américaine et européenne, laissant uniquement les sociétés multinationales en mesure de payer ces taux d’intérêt. Le programme de Volcker a ouvert la voie à la loi fiscale Kemp-Roth Tax Act de 1981, qui a permis l’essor de la spéculation immobilière, et à la loi de 1982 Garn- St. Germaine Act, qui a déréglementé les banques américaines et favorisé la création de banques universelles trop-grosse-pour-faire faillite.


    Au cours de la même période, les débiteurs du tiers monde devant payer plus de 20 % d’intérêts ont vu leur dette grimper de 40 à 70 %. Les dirigeants qui ont résisté à ce programme, tels que Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, pakistanais, Indira Gandhi, indienne, Thomas Sankara, du Burkina Faso et Lopez Portillo, du Mexique, ont été systématiquement tués ou renversés.


    Lorsqu’il est devenu évident qu’un nouveau président, Ronald Reagan, n’était pas favorable à l’ordre du jour de la Commission trilatérale / CFR, qui avait demandé des réunions bilatérales avec Gandhi et Portillo, au Mexique, en 1981 afin d’aider leurs politiques de croissance industrielle et menaçant de renvoyer Volcker, l’élimination de Reagan a été rapidement orchestrée. Après que George Bush, membre de CFR / Commission trilatérale, a été nommé vice-président de Reagan (entraînant l’éviction du sénateur Paul Laxalt, ami de Reagan, lors d’un scandale médiatique monté par Rockefeller), John Hinckley – un cinglé manipulé par la CIA dans le cadre du projet MKUltra, très lié à la famille Bush, a été utilisé pour mener à bien la tentative d’assassinat de Reagan le 30 mars 1981.


    Reagan ne s’est jamais remis de cet événement, et la star bien intentionnée mais très malléable d’Hollywood a été de plus en plus façonnée par les agents de la Commission trilatérale / CFR, en dépit de sa tendance à se laisser influencer par des personnalités d’État pro-nation, influence illustrée par son adhésion au Joint US-Soviet plan for the Strategic Defense Initiative en 1983, transformé plus tard en une doctrine unilatérale par Bush père.


    Dépeuplement vert


    Il ne faut pas ignorer que la transformation de l’économie américaine d’un modèle ouvert à croissance pro-industrielle en un modèle malthusien fermé était également une initiative des forces contrôlant la Commission trilatérale.


    En 1974, David Rockefeller III a prononcé le discours suivant lors de la Conférence mondiale sur la population organisée par le club de Rome et les Nations unies à Bucarest :



    Il est nécessaire de réviser le concept de croissance économique. Ces dernières années en particulier, nous avons pris conscience des limites de la croissance. L’épuisement des ressources, la pollution et la crise énergétique ont clairement montré tout cela. Le caractère et le but de la croissance doivent changer.


    L’agenda d’une «société post-industrielle» fondée sur une révolution des infrastructures vertes a été défini dans le rapport Global 2000 du 24 juillet 1980 qui appelait à l’économie d’énergie, au contrôle de la population et à l’environnementalisme comme fondement de la nouvelle économie. Plus tard cette année-là, le World Wildlife Fund (WWF) publiait Global Conservation Strategy,  parallèlement à la thèse de Global 2000. Le WWF était dirigé par les princes Philip et Bernhardt et ses vice-présidents sous l’administration Carter comprenaient Louis Mortimer Bloomfield, dont le bureau Permindex a été découvert en train de coordonner l’assassinat de JFK, et Maurice Strong, membre de la Commission trilatérale, qui appelait à la destruction de la civilisation industrielle dans une interview de 1990.


    Ce n’est pas juste une leçon d’histoire


    Ce que vous venez de lire peut sembler, superficiellement, être un rapport historique, mais c’est beaucoup plus que cela. C’est un rapport sur le futur.


    Il s’agit d’un rapport sur le futur puisque votre avenir est façonné par des forces historiques que vous devez comprendre si vous voulez pouvoir choisir d’influencer votre réalité en fonction de ces trajectoires historiques, et que celle-ci soit réellement en harmonie avec les véritables intérêts de l’humanité.


    Les forces du progrès et de l’anticolonialisme que la Commission trilatérale cherchait à étouffer il y a 40 ans ont été ravivées sous la direction renouvelée de la Russie, de la Chine et d’un nombre croissant de pays qui souhaitent avoir un avenir. De plus en plus, les forces nationalistes – aussi confuses qu’elles soient –   sont apparues comme un mouvement antitechnocratique en Amérique du Nord et en Europe, offrant aux nations qui étaient autrefois considérées comme condamnées par le Nouvel Ordre Mondial, une occasion de faire renaître leur héritage.


    La seule chose qui empêche les pays occidentaux de rejoindre l’Initiative chinoise des Nouvelles routes de la soie, de réorganiser le système financier en faillite et de libérer du crédit productif pour redonner vie à l’économie réelle est premièrement un manque de compréhension de l’histoire; et deuxièmement un sens confus de la véritable nature de l’humanité, en tant qu’espèce au-dessus des autres dans l’écosystème, capable de perfection permanente et de découverte créative.


    Tout ce qui nierait ce concept d’humanité et de lois naturelles, tel que le Green New Deal, devrait être traité comme le rêve toxique néfaste des Volcker, Rockefeller, Brzezinski et autres zombies de la Commission trilatérale qui ont encore un long chemin à parcourir avant de se qualifier en tant qu’êtres humains.


    Matthew J.L. Ehret est journaliste, conférencier et fondateur du Canadian Patriot Review et directeur pour La Foundation Rising Tide. Il écrit pour The Duran, Strategic Culture Foundation, Fort Russ. Ses recherches ont été publiées dans Zero Hedge, Executive Intelligence Review, Global Times, Asia Times, L.A. Review of Books, et Matthew a aussi publié le livre The Time has Come for Canada to Join the New Silk Road et trois volumes de l’Histoire secrète du Canada (disponible sur


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    L’Obs accuse le mouvement #Exmuslim d’être récupéré… par l’extrême droite


    Notre contributrice, jadis triste salafiste, regrette les analyses du mouvement #Exmuslim publiées dans l’Obs. L’hebdomadaire a un drôle de sens des priorités… Ne devrait-il pas plutôt encourager un mouvement dont les membres sont constamment menacés?

    « Celui qui quitte sa religion, tuez le». Hadith rapporté par Bukhari, et dont la fiabilité fait débat.

    C’est pourtant en se basant sur ce hadith, et sur d’autres passages de la tradition islamique, que l’apostasie est criminalisée en terre d’islam et par l’islam. Le fait de changer de religion est passible de peines allant de la condamnation à mort, dans les pays les plus rigoristes, à l’emprisonnement, dans les pays musulmans dits « modérés ». Pour ceux qui disent que « ce n’est pas ça l’islam », je tiens à rappeler qu’il s’agit bien d’une loi islamique, tout autant que celles qui imposent l’obligation des cinq prières quotidiennes, le jeûne du mois de Ramadan ou encore le voile pour la femme.

    Il s’agit donc d’une authentique forme de bravoure et de courage que de quitter une religion qu’il est interdit de quitter, et de l’assumer. Dans les pays où l’on est censé ne rien risquer, il s’agit aussi d’un devoir de soutien, d’aider à porter la voix de ces personnes, de leur dire « vous n’êtes pas seules ». C’est pour cela que nous retrouvons le hashtag #ExMuslims aussi bien chez d’anciens musulmans que chez des soutiens de cette cause.

    Car même dans un pays comme la France, où les lois ne nous l’interdisent pas, il est très difficile pour beaucoup de s’affranchir de l’islam et de tout ce qui en découle. L’islam est plus qu’une religion, elle est devenue une identité. La critiquer revient pour certains à critiquer les musulmans dans leur ensemble, à cracher sur leurs origines, à renier qui ils sont.

    Même en France, le mouvement « Exmuslims » est combattu

    Le blasphème dans cette religion est inadmissible. On se souvient par exemple d’Asia Bibi accusée de blasphémer au Pakistan et c’est le pays tout entier qui se soulève pour réclamer sa tête. Il est idiot de croire que l’idéologie s’arrête aux frontières. Nous avons pu le constater avec Charlie ou encore en Suède. Suite à un documentaire où Mahomet a été moqué, il a fallu l’intervention des forces de l’ordre pour calmer la colère d’étudiants musulmans, et des débuts d’émeutes au doux son de « Allahu akbar. » Or, les apostats, sur Twitter notamment, les exmuslims partout dans le monde ont très souvent le point commun d’être de terribles blasphémateurs.

    Voilà ce qui leur vaut cette inimitié de tant de musulmans: plus encore que leur abandon de la religion, c’est sa critique sans concession, souvent acerbe, parfois virulente et, comble de malheur pour les fervents croyants, souvent pointue et documentée. Le mouvement exmuslims a permis une libération de la parole, et la critique enfin ouverte de l’islam provoque un véritable tsunami d’athéisme au sein du « monde musulman », au grand désespoir des islamistes.

    A lire aussi: Vive Fatiha, vive Zineb, vive la France!

    On pourrait penser qu’en France, pays de la laïcité, réputé pour être le pays des droits de l’homme, la patrie des bouffeurs de curés, ce magnifique élan de liberté et d’esprit critique serait encouragé et soutenu. Eh bien pas du tout. La France a choisi les islamistes: je rappelle que Jean-Pierre Chevènement, alors ministre de l’Intérieur, a lancé en novembre 1999 une consultation officielle des principaux organismes islamiques en France. Il a soumis à ses interlocuteurs un texte qui ne pouvait « faire l’objet d’aucune négociation », une charte qui devait aboutir à définir les statuts de ce qui est aujourd’hui le CFCM. Et pourtant! Ce texte n’a finalement été accepté qu’au prix d’un lâche compromis sur son contenu. La mention du droit de changer de religion, donc d’apostasier, en a été retirée à la demande de l’UOIF. Renoncement par la France à un droit pourtant inscrit dans la déclaration universelle des Droits de l’Homme: la liberté de conscience.

    Impossible normalisation de l’apostasie pour l’islam

    Choisir l’apostasie, renier les croyances de nos parents, abandonner la religion qui est devenue aussi une part de notre identité est une voie difficile et solitaire. Les musulmans qui osent questionner ou douter de l’islam sont dénigrés, méprisés, et les apostats se permettant de critiquer sont systématiquement rejetés, ostracisés, et réduits au silence. Mais ce silence a un coût: nous sommes invisibilisés.

    Si tous les apostats choisissaient de se taire pour tempérer, apaiser ou seulement pour éviter les représailles, le résultat serait que ceux qui veulent aussi quitter cette religion ne sauraient pas qu’il en existe d’autres comme eux. Le mouvement « exmuslims » a été créé dans ce but, avoir des contacts permettant la normalisation de l’apostasie, briser ce cercle vicieux qui commence par le silence imposé par la peur. Nous voulons créer des espaces de tolérance et d’ouverture d’esprit, nous voulons faire connaître notre existence pour tendre la main à ceux que leur quête de vérité isole, nous voulons susciter des opportunités pour échanger des pensées et des idées généralement taboues. Nous voulons faire ce que craint par-dessus tout l’islam, et ce pour quoi il criminalise l’apostasie: nous voulons montrer que la liberté est possible.

    L’islam est ici minoritaire et pourtant je vois qu’en France, en Europe, nous facilitons les enseignements coraniques qui créent des extrémistes, les tribunaux chariatiques en Angleterre, les écoles confessionnelles qui apprennent aux enfants que je dois être tuée parce que je suis apostate, et dans le même temps, on me demande de me taire et de me satisfaire de la situation. Si j’ose dire: « l’islam est mal » je suis insultée, traitée d’islamophobe et accusée de faire le jeu des extrêmes. Pourtant, comme tant d’autres, je me contente de dénoncer l’islam tel qu’il est enseigné aujourd’hui!

    Il est cocasse de constater que nombreux sont les comptes d’imams, de « savants musulmans » qui enseignent ce que nous dénonçons: l’infériorité de la femme, la haine envers les juifs et les homosexuels… Mais les musulmans et les « progressistes » reprochent aux exmuslims de dévoiler ces enseignements, les qualifiant de « dévoyés », pendant que les islamistes continuent leur propagande. J’entends aujourd’hui des débats insensés sur le voile, sur l’abattage rituel, sur les limites de la critique de l’islam à ne pas dépasser, sur les caricatures à ne pas faire pour ne pas offenser. On nous demande de tolérer leur intolérance, mais quelqu’un pense-t-il vraiment que cela va rendre l’islam plus tolérant? Pour ma part, je partage l’avis de Ayaan Hirsi Ali: la tolérance de l’intolérance, c’est de la lâcheté.

    Une enquête de l’Obs m’indigne

    Dans cette religion, nous ne sommes pas autorisés à être nous-mêmes, nos vies ne nous appartiennent pas, nos rêves, nos espoirs n’ont aucune importance, l’individu vit au service de sa communauté. Nous ne pouvons pas nous marier avec qui nous voulons, ni même simplement être qui nous souhaitons. Des gens souffrent, en silence, invisibles, victimes de violences et d’abus, la femme est au service de son mari qui a le droit de la frapper, l’enfant est battu pour l’obliger à prier, les amants sont punis, les minorités persécutées.

    Les apostats vivent en clandestinité pour beaucoup, la plupart refuse de faire leur coming out, des femmes restent voilées, des jeunes personnes font semblant de prier, de jeûner, cachent leurs orientations sexuelles. Tous craignent les représailles, parfois physiques, souvent psychologiques, venant de leur famille, de leurs voisins, ou veulent simplement éviter de blesser, décevoir, offenser leurs parents musulmans qu’ils aiment et respectent. Il faut que la parole se libère et que les témoignages se multiplient!

    Nous essayons d’expliquer aux gens la réalité qu’ils ne voient pas, Certains renoncent volontairement aujourd’hui à leur liberté d’expression, pour ne pas «stigmatiser», pour apaiser, mais ils ne voient pas les conséquences mortelles à cette soumission: plus ils se taisent, plus les ex-musulmans, tous les ex-musulmans, sont en danger. Et ceux qui parlent risquent leur vie.

    A lire aussi: Majid Oukacha: « L’islam est une religion violente, misogyne et liberticide »


    Quelle ne fut donc pas ma joie, hélas de courte durée, de voir passer sur le net un article de l’Obs accompagné du hashtag #ExMuslim. En France, contrairement aux pays anglo-saxons, il est malheureusement encore très peu répandu. Rares sont les internautes qui le revendiquent, et plus rares encore ceux qui sont des figures publiques. Je peux légitimement comprendre que beaucoup évitent de s’en vanter: malgré l’anonymat sur les réseaux sociaux, les exmuslims sont invariablement insultés, dénigrés, menacés, harcelés avec des campagnes de signalements massifs pour que leurs comptes soient suspendus et qu’ils soient réduits au silence. Mais, ai-je envie de dire, les musulmans sont là dans leur rôle. C’est ce que l’islam attend d’eux, il leur a appris à ne jamais supporter ni accepter la critique.

    Par contre lorsque des journalistes, en France, publient un article sur les exmuslims, j’attends de leur part un minimum de rigueur et d’enquête. Malheureusement, le texte de l’Obs est une caricature, un pamphlet à charge, une pseudo enquête qui a pour projet de dénoncer une proximité imaginaire entre les apostats et l’extrême droite pour décrédibiliser la quête de liberté et de vérité des apostats. Le journaliste Timothée de Rauglaudre publiera son article en tweetant : « On a enquêté sur le mouvement ExMuslim (…) En France ses principales figures flirtent avec l’extrême-droite et la fachosphère. »

    Je tiens à dire à ces « enquêteurs » qu’il n’y a pas de mouvement exmuslims en France. Il y a des individus qui se battent et qui défendent la liberté de conscience, indépendamment de toute opinion politique. Nous sommes des centaines, des athées convaincus aussi bien que des catholiques conservateurs, des maghrébins et des européens, et nous n’avons aucun représentant, aucune organisation ni revendication politique, nous exerçons notre droit de non seulement dénoncer les dérives que l’on regroupe couramment sous le nom d’islamisme, mais aussi de critiquer, moquer, caricaturer l’islam et ses dogmes.

    Zineb el Rhazoui, Waleed al Husseini, Majid Oukacha…

    Ces prétendus « enquêteurs » se sont contentés d’interroger deux militants pour qui j’ai le plus grand respect. Waleed al Husseini, qui dira sur Facebook que rien de ce qu’il a pu leur expliquer n’a modifié les idées préconçues de ses interlocuteurs. Lui, qui a été emprisonné et torturé pour athéisme, sera accusé d’être récupéré par l’extrême droite. Le paternalisme teinté de racisme de cette gauche lui nie même la capacité de penser par lui-même et d’assumer ses positions, il ne peut qu’être récupéré.

    Le papier de l’Obs passe très brièvement sur les conséquences des prises de positions de ces apostats. Alors même que les collègues de Zineb ont été massacrés, que Majid vit en semi clandestinité et doit prendre des précautions inconcevables pour acheter son pain en sécurité, l’accent est mis sur leurs maisons d’édition. On ne parlera pas du contenu des livres, ni des combats pour la laïcité, on n’évoquera pas la déferlante de haine qu’ils subissent, les menaces quotidiennes, les insultes racistes qu’ils essuient, non, l’article nous parlera des auteurs qui partagent la même maison d’édition