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Embajador de República Checa invita a salvadoreños a estudiar en sus universidades

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El potencial de negocios, turismo y cooperación entre El Salvador y República Checa es muy valioso para Zdeněk Kubánek, embajador extraordinario y plenipotenciario de la República Checa en México, Guatemala, Belice, Honduras, El Salvador y Nicaragua.
          

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Kreamer Street Elementary Hosts "Welcome Party"

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Mr. Sean Clark, Principal of Kreamer Street Elementary School in the South Country Central School District once again hosted a “Welcome Party”. Over a hundred students, parents, relatives, teachers and friends spent the evening at Kreamer Street sharing delicious food and activities from many different cultures. Children and their families were welcomed with profound rhythm and beat thanks to the Boys and Girls Club Steel Drummers. Some of the dishes included Vegetable Pilau with Raita, Papusas, Spanish Rice, Pizza, Eggplant Parmigana, Bread pudding, Latin Roast Pork, Perogis and Kielbasa and sauerkraut. Children and their families had an opportunity to learn and make cultural crafts such as, making Guatemalan Worry Dolls, Mandalas, Jianzi (a Chinese Hacky Sack), African quilting, Mexican Hot Chocolate and the popular pizza dough station. The staff at Kreamer Street was especially vital in making this evening such a success by organizing the event, setting and cleaning up as well as providing numerous donations. In addition, students from the Bellport High School program Future Teachers of America came down to lend a hand at the craft stations. An evening of fun, learning and friendship was enjoyed by all.
          

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    La economía de la experiencia es vital para las empresas

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    economía de la experiencia

    La penetración de Internet en la región representa una oportunidad para el ecommerce de Guatemala, Honduras y Costa Rica

    La entrada La economía de la experiencia es vital para las empresas aparece primero en Revista ITNow.


              

    Chalkbeat en español: El recorrido de los niños que cruzan la frontera solos y llegan a Colorado

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    SOLOS William, quien se vino solo de Guatemala a los 15 años y llegó a las escuelas de Westminster, batallo mucho en la escuela su primer año. No hablaba inglés, y se sentía apartado de sus compañeros, aunque su escuela tenía una mayoría de estudiantes Hispanos. Ahora, puede contar que se logró graduar, y ahora […]

    The post Chalkbeat en español: El recorrido de los niños que cruzan la frontera solos y llegan a Colorado appeared first on Chalkbeat.


              

    Scenic Eclipse Crew Profile:

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    LATTE was recently a guest aboard Scenic Luxury Cruises & Tours’ Discovery Yacht, Scenic Eclipse, where we sailed the Caribbean Sea visiting ports in Jamaica, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize and Mexico. We took the opportunity to speak with a number of crew and personnel while on board to learn more about their cruise industry background, their reason for joining Scenic Eclipse in its inaugural season, and some of their favourite ports and parts of the World’s First Discovery Yacht.

    The post Scenic Eclipse Crew Profile: appeared first on LATTE Luxury News.


              

    Scenic Eclipse Crew Profile: Strawberry Mae Besin

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    LATTE was recently a guest aboard Scenic Luxury Cruises & Tours’ Discovery Yacht, Scenic Eclipse, where we sailed the Caribbean Sea visiting ports in Jamaica, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize and Mexico.

    The post Scenic Eclipse Crew Profile: Strawberry Mae Besin appeared first on LATTE Luxury News.


              

    Guatemalan Drama Explores an Evangelical Dad’s Attempt to

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    Summoning nature’s earth-shaking forces — first volcanic eruptions, now earthquakes — to function resounding signifiers of instability, Guatemalan auteur Jayro Bustamante’s two options up to now roar as sobering assessments of systematic marginalization in a society unwilling to broaden its viciously slim establishment. First, “Ixcanul” objected to corrosive misogyny and racism; now homophobia is the […]
              

    Forget the tech bubble. Craft coffee is the next boom industry

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    Coffee startups are racing to expand in a market that will be worth $85 billion by 2025, from creating algorithms to match you with new roasts to redesigning instant coffee.

    There was a time, just a few decades ago, when coffee was a simple affair. You’d wake up, mosey over to a diner or coffee shop, and drink whatever coffee they had brewed in their industrial-size pot. But those days are long gone. If you stop by a cafe today, your barista will pelt you with a stream of complex, existential questions: Do you want a single-origin brew from Guatemala with a tart palate? Or a blend with a sweet and smooth finish from an artisanal roaster based Topeka, Kansas? Or maybe you want to spring for $16 cup sourced from Yemen?

    Read Full Story


              

    No solo hay que controlar abusos de alcaldías; también hay que bajar los impuestos

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    *** Guatemala es más competitivo que nosotros no solo en términos de cuestiones de impuestos, también en costo de energía; tienen pérdidas técnicas y no técnicas del 9 por ciento, nosotros tenemos más de 30 por ciento, apuntó Barquero. El director ejecutivo de la Cámara de Comercio e Industrias de Cortés (CCIC), Pedro Barquero, dijo […]
              

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    Green earthquake alert (Magnitude 5.6M, Depth:47.61km) in Guatemala 30/11/2019 07:44 UTC, 1670000 people within 100km.

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    On 11/30/2019 7:44:25 AM, an earthquake occurred in Guatemala potentially affecting 1670000 people within 100km. The earthquake had Magnitude 5.6M, Depth:47.61km.
              

    Volcanic eruption is on going for Fuego in Guatemala

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    Volcano Fuego is emitting ash clouds according to the regional VAAC. The aviation alert level is Green.
              

    Tracking Cartels: Exploiting Open Sources to Identify Trends

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    This research brief explains the efforts of researchers from three Department of Homeland Security Centers of Excellence who are working together to provide the U.S. Government with new open source tools that combat transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) and drug cartels in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, while protecting confidential sources and increasing international and domestic information sharing.

    Publication Type: 
    Publication Date: 
    November, 2019

              

    Hold Your Loved Ones Close This Holiday

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    .
    This is a very short week! I didn't get everything done this very short week that I wanted to, including writing a proper review of Knives Out, which is out in theaters today and which I can't seem to summon more to say about than just "It's a ton of fun, you should see it!" I mean that. I do, and you should. It's just 1) a movie it's hard to write about because it's an endless series of twists that even just talking about the twists existing feels spoilery, and 2) it's fluff I will eventually watch ten times but doesn't really inspire a lot in the terms of words out of me.
    .
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    It's a terrific Movie Movie, full of movie stars having fun and clever misdirections and fun sets and costumes, but I don't really know what to say about it beyond that. I mean that, by the way, is plenty. All of those things add up to plenty! But I can't say I feel particularly passionate about Knives Out -- the thing that's most noticeable about it I guess is that it feels so Old Fashioned now, an original story coming from a big studio on a holiday weekend that's full of fresh characters and good actors, so that should be the thing that gets your ass to the theater for it. You won't be disappointed. 

    Spectacularly moved? Probably not. For that you should still check out Marielle Heller's Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood if you haven't already, which didn't do great at the box office when it was released over this past weekend but will presumably still be in a ton of theaters this week for the holiday. I reviewed that right here and yes that is the sort of movie that will get me rambling endlessly. One of the year's absolute best.

    Your other best options are Martin Scorsese's The Irishman, which just hit Netflix (read my NYFF review at The Film Experience) and I'll also recommend, if you're in New York, the Guatemalan flick Temblores, which is about a closeted gay man whose ultra-religious family refuses to let him find happiness. It's opening at the Quad (and PS its gorgeous lead actor Juan Pablo Olyslager will be there for Q&As) and the film's a rough sit emotionally but worth checking out for what feels like an honest view of the uphill battle we still face in many places. (Including here in the US for too many!) It's some perfect anti-Thanksgiving programming -- family can truly suck.

    The other two films out this weekend, The Two Popes (reviewed here) and Queen & Slim (reviewed here), I wasn't nuts about them to put it mildly, but other people seem to be so who knows where you'll fall. If you see any of these, or anything else worth telling me about, let me know your thoughts in the comments! And have a Happy Thanksgiving, go get good and stuffed...
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    Cómo llegar desde Quezaltenango a Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala

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    Cómo llegar desde Quezaltenango a Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala

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    Cómo llegar desde Panajachel a chichicastenango

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    In Guatemala 2017 Edition Antigua Lake Atitlan And Other Expat Hot Spots

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    In Guatemala 2017 Edition Antigua Lake Atitlan And Other Expat Hot Spots
              

    Fathers on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown (“Extracurricular” and “Tremors”)

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    written by Kyle Sanders as part of his coverage of the 2019 Chicago International Film Festival

    Fatherhood can be hell. While parental responsibilities continue to change in our ever progressing sense of parenthood, the role of the father still tends to be looked upon as a source of security, to provide that "everything will be alright" feeling when the going gets tough. But sometimes even a dad can't guarantee that, because they might not be alright themselves.

    The movies have given us plenty of father figures, some good (Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird), and some way, WAY bad (Jack Torrance in The Shining). There are also those who are flawed yet mean well. And at the Chicago International Film Festival, we get two prime examples in Extracurricular (Croatia) and Tremors (Guatemala/France/Luxembourg).

    In the opening scene of Extracurricular, we see fumbling hands wrapping up a Barbie-esque doll in wrapping paper meant for a birthday gift, spliced with scenes of children being dropped off at school. Immediately, we understand these gruff-looking hands must belong to a father hastily preparing a gift for his young daughter. Blaring over the sequence is an intense musical score, foreshadowing a situation that's about to erupt.

    What (or who) erupts is Vlado Mladinic, a divorced, unemployed man, but most importantly a father. He begins his day preparing a gift for his young daughter Ana, parked out in front of the school, evading the sight of his ex-wife as she drops off her daughter with birthday

    snacks in tow for classmates. As his wife leaves, Vlado makes his move, wanting to take his daughter out and celebrate her birthday. But a few obstacles get in his way, such as an assembly welcoming the town's mayor who has just overseen a successful project benefiting the school's new gymnasium.

    Refused entry, Vlado returns soon after, this time with rifle in hand; however, before he can leave with his daughter, the rest of the school is evacuated and the police have the building surrounded. With Vlado trapped in the classroom with the small children and weary teacher, other characters take action as well: the mayor tries using the hostage crisis to his political advantage, an ambitious blogger attempts an immoral angle to get a rousing news story, and a local policeman (whose son is also inside) attempts an improvised rescue mission.

    Extracurricular suggests that America is not the only country dealing with an incel problem. We know Vlado is a father, but as we learn more about him, we learn he has a few problems. He's flabbergasted that grade school children have cell phones and shocked they don't know basic directions. As a father, he believes he has the right to see his daughter, regardless of whether or not the school was informed prior to his arrival. He's described by other townspeople as a loose cannon, getting banned from social networks for trolling other people. Yet the more flawed he appears, the more decency we discover. The real threat in the film comes in the form of the mayor, analyzing every sort of outcome like a multiple-choice question and the effect it could have on an upcoming election day. The blogger blackmails the mayor over this information in order to gain a little bit of journalistic success. The further the plot develops, the more Vlado looks less the bad guy, and more of just a divorced dad who wants to spend time with his daughter.

    Tremors begins and ends with a family together, though not all is as it seems. Family man Pablo comes home to see his wife, parents and siblings awaiting his arrival, circled up and looking concerned--an intervention, no doubt. They've come to help rid him of his homosexuality and stop him from leaving his wife and children. Pablo belongs to a deeply religious evangelical Christian family, so when a tremor (hints the film's title) shakes the foundation of the home, it is viewed to be a sign of God's punishment.

    Pablo's wife tries to be understanding, but once she hires an attorney, she denies him contact with his children. If he wants to see them again, he will have to undergo conversion therapy at the suggestion of the family pastor. The threat of losing contact with his kids after having been fired from his job (due to strict "moral codes"), the conflicted Pablo must decide if he can continue as an unhappy family man or build a new life with his gay lover.

    Family is most important in this film, and the family must remain intact no matter what outside factors try to shake it apart. Pablo's family does not accept his homosexuality, but they're believers of "hate the sin, not the sinner." Everyone in his family sees his "affliction" in a different way: his mother believes he can will himself of his sexual orientation, his father wants him to flatly deny it. His sister believes it was caused from a past childhood trauma, and his wife thinks it can be cured. Of all the different perspectives, not much is paid attention to Pablo's children.  Pablo has no problem with leaving his wife or his family, but the thought of being separated from his children is unbearable, and he's willing to sacrifice his own happiness in order to remain their father.

    Both of these men are judged and ostracized by all except their children. Everyone around them seems to believe they know these men best, when in fact, it is their kids. When Vlado shows up to Ana's classroom, rifle in hand, short-tempered, she is the only one who calmly approaches him, asking for the gift he has brought her, and showing great love for it when unwrapped. It immediately calms Vlado, giving him a sense of accomplishment in bringing joy to his daughter on her birthday, and begins easing the intense situation.

    Pablo's children don't get much interaction with their father. At the beginning, all they seem to understand is that their father is leaving without reason. Later, they seem to understand the reason (referred to as "a sickness" as they've been told), but aren't as quick to judge their father as the rest of the family. The son is concerned he might get sick just like his father, but the daughter seems more skeptical, as she had been told those with this sickness go to Hell, but she does not believe that will happen. Pablo's children serve as a sort of Greek chorus to the drama that surrounds them, explaining what they've been told by others but having difficulty accepting it. Their father might be leaving them, but they still care about him, no matter the reason.

    The men in these films are, in the eyes of those around them, deeply flawed fathers. Yet regardless of the odds stacked against them or the inner conflicts they suffer at understanding who they are, they remain certain of their role as a parent.


              

    1st Honduran Returned To Guatemala Under U.S. Asylum Accord

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    Critics have denounced President Donald Trump's policy shift on asylum as inhumane.
              

    ‘Tremors’ Film Review: Guatemalan Drama Explores an Evangelical Dad’s Attempt to Come Out

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    Summoning nature’s earth-shaking forces — first volcanic eruptions, now earthquakes — to serve as resounding signifiers of instability, Guatemalan auteur Jayro Bustamante’s two features to date roar as sobering assessments of systematic marginalization in a society unwilling to broaden its viciously narrow status quo. First, “Ixcanul” objected to corrosive misogyny and racism; now homophobia is the target in his sophomore social drama “Tremors,” which had its North American premiere last March at the Miami Film Festival and opens theatrically Friday.

    Bustamante’s social pariah, a white man from the upper crust of society, is far removed, at least in obvious parallels, from the teenage indigenous woman chastised by her community for an out-of-wedlock pregnancy in the director’s debut. Their personal hells, however, emanate from the same phallocentric well of hatred. In both instances, Bustamante lets his embattled protagonists unravel without the empty promise of a fortunate resolution.

    A masculine fellow by all traditional parameters, Pablo (Juan Pablo Olyslager) has attained all the essential components for the construction of a convincing façade, one that upholds the patriarchal ideal of a pristine heterosexual life. It’s precisely because he’s excelled for years in the role of a middle-aged office worker with a wife and two kids that, when he’s outed as a gay man, his ultra-religious family reacts in outrage. The lie upon which his identity was built instantly crumbles, because the tremors are both literally seismic and metaphorically personal.

    As if running away from bright colors the way the film’s protagonist does so from his truth, DP Luis Armando Arteaga paints melancholically elegant frames in guilt and frustration, using oppressively drab lighting and subdued hues. The sanitized interiors of churches and affluent residences contrast with the disheveled locations as Pablo’s “clandestine” desires emerge. Outside, Guatemala City — dressed in gray skies and urban grittiness — ensures there is no room for exoticism.

    Olyslager’s eyes project Pablo’s plea for compassion when facing his estranged spouse Isa (Diane Bathen), who has dangerously equated his sexual orientation with pedophilia to punish him professionally; his hopeless disbelief when his mother wishes destruction upon him so that he will repent; and the futile appearance of courage early on, when the assertive Francisco (Mauricio Armas) reassures him they can be together. Lightness only comes briefly with “Ixcanul” actress María Telón, present here as Pablo’s housekeeper and his only ally within his now off-limits house.

    Emotionally repressed, Pablo wallows in fearful anguish, unable to cope with his loved ones’ cruel rejection guised as concern for his soul. Olyslager internalizes such discreet suffering and expresses it only in longing gazes and painful frowns, resulting in a magnificent performance that should elevate the actor’s stature internationally. Drowning in conflicting messaging and guided solely by his desire to see his children, Pablo is soon dragged away from any semblance of freedom and back into the claws of religious dogma.

    His mental state is not dissimilar to a broken vase whose pieces have been put back together. Even if the reassembling of his false code-abiding persona were achieved with the strongest of Christian adhesives, the cracks would still show. Pablo’s fragile standing in his role as a straight Evangelical won’t withstand the next inevitable tremor that rattles it and that terrifies him. Each time the ground rumbles, as does his conviction.

    In the movie’s most upsetting sequences, Bustamante approaches conversion therapy with stark pragmatism, even during the most harrowing of humiliations. His take turns out distinctively more distressing than those in the recent American features “Boy Erased” and “The Miseducation of Cameron Post.”

    This is the case not only as a result of the age gap, geographical specificity, or Pablo being a father, but thanks to first-time actress Sabrina De La Hoz, who plays a female pastor so convinced that her mission is righteous that she doesn’t hold back on degrading and dehumanizing the sinners under her command. It’s the type of villainous part Meryl Streep would get an Oscar for, but De La Hoz makes it truly her own with stern certitude.

    Tragically, Pablo’s inescapable closet is as big as his country and as dark as the inside of the buried coffin where his hopes for happiness lie dead. In that tenebrous space where light cannot penetrate, but where he’s conditionally allowed to exist, he begs for the acceptance of those who would rather see him perish than deviate from the norm. It’s devastating to witness as he stabs himself with an invisible, yet very hurtful, dagger laced in Bible verses misconstrued to condemn him.

    To its very last moment, “Tremors” is a prodigiously gut-wrenching demand for change; the film isn’t kindly asking for tolerance but bluntly exposing the torment inflicted in the name of a prejudiced God. It’s a magnificently unflinching film from a master director in the making, whose thunderous strength will surely make waves in Bustamante’s Central American homeland and abroad.

    Related stories from TheWrap:

    'Boy Erased' Film Review: Gay Conversion Drama Has Powerful Moments But Also Rote Ones

    Joel Edgerton Explains Why Lucas Hedges Was Right to Play Gay Teen in 'Boy Erased' (Video)

    Chloe Grace Moretz Lived in Summer Camp While Filming 'Miseducation of Cameron Post': 'It Was Method' (Video)

    'The Miseducation of Cameron Post' Film Review: Chloë Grace Moretz Plays a Rebellious Lesbian Teen


              

    How Spices Have Made, and Unmade, Empires

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    From turmeric in Nicaragua to cardamom in Guatemala, nonnative ingredients are redefining trade routes and making unexpected connections across...
              

    Planet SOS: Guatemala's illegal animal trade

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    Guatemala's northern Peten region anchors the largest tropical forest north of the Amazon but as more people settle in the area, poaching and other threats to its biodiversity are rising fast.
              

    THEATRE MANAGER & ACTIVIST: Laura Keene & Rigoberta Menchú Tum

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    Amanda sheds light on the full story of Laura Keene, an actress who rose to become one of the most powerful theatre managers in American history. But her life is often overshadowed by one fateful night. Rita tells the story of incredible indigenous activist Rigoberta Menchú Tum, who dedicated her life to improving conditions for Guatemala's indigenous women. 


              

    Centroamérica buscará recursos en la COP25 para salvar al contaminado río Lempa

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    Guatemala, El Salvador y Honduras buscarán ayuda internacional durante la Conferencia sobre el Clima de la ONU (COP25) para rescatar de la contaminación y los efectos del cambio climático al río Lempa, el más extenso de Centroamérica, acordaron este viernes autoridades de los tres países.

     Leer
              

    'A Estados Unidos no le importa América Latina': Vargas Llosa

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    "Estados Unidos ha dejado de ser, hace mucho tiempo, el primer país inversor extranjero en América Latina", señaló el Premio Nobel de Literatura, Mario Vargas Llosa al hablar de su nueva novela "Tiempos recios", que relata el golpe militar de Carlos Castillo Armas y auspiciado por Estados Unidos a través de la CIA contra el gobierno de Jacobo Árbenz en Guatemala, que se sustenta en la mentira de que Árbenz alentaba la entrada del comunismo soviético al continente.

    Al tratar de ver el contexto de la realidad actual frente a aquella América La

    ...

    Más información en El Siglo de Torreón


              

    WONDERS OF GUATEMALA

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    Delve into the colonial meets modern ambiance of Guatemala CityVisit the 400-year-old church in Chichicastenango and see the locals praying to the Mayan GodsCross Lake Atitlan, one of the most beautiful lakes in the world surrounded by 12 Indian villages, and view the three volcanoesExplore Antigua, founded by the Spaniards in 1543, and declared a “Monument of America” in 1965Venture to Tikal where you will be transported back more than 2,000 years in timeClimb Pyramid IV to the top and admire the fantastic view of Tikal and the dense jungle that surrounds it
              

    Freedom of Information Act Request Regarding Asylum Negotiations Between the U.S. and Guatemala

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    The American Immigration Council filed Freedom of Information Act requests with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of State (DOS) seeking information regarding the signing of an "Asylum Cooperative Agreement" with Guatemala.

    The requests seek information about the signing of this agreement, as well as the process by which the U.S. government will evaluate the Guatemalan asylum system prior to sending asylum seekers to that country.

    Select Topics:

    Publication Type:

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    Publication Date: 
    Wednesday, September 18, 2019
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    Sacred Heart Mission Council Appreciation Dinner Invitation

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    You are invited to attend the Sacred Heart Mission Council Appreciation Dinner with music, speaker and a raffle at 6 p.m., Sat., Dec. 7, 2019, in the Sacred Heart Great Hall. Please RSVP to the parish office at 940-723-5288 by Dec. 2. On behalf of Sacred Heart Parish and the Mission Council, we would like to thank you for the support you have given to Nuestra Senora del Carmen school in Patzun, Guatemala, throughout the years. You have made it possible for the children to attend school. The students and their families would like to pass along their profound gratitude. We truly appreciate your generosity this year and hope that you continue your prayers and financial support. May God bless you and your families!
              

    Libros recibidos en noviembre 2019

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    Selección de las últimas novedades literarias.

    70 EF581 VINOS LIBROS libro 1Instrucciones para un funeral
    David Means
    Editorial Sexto Piso
    Madrid, 2019
    Con Instrucciones para un funeral David Means regresa por todo lo alto al género que cimentó su prestigio literario: el relato. En esta colección de cuentos –unas narraciones intrincadas, fascinantes, profundamente poéticas y emotivas, Means reflexiona sobre el adulterio, la paternidad, las amistades traicionadas, el odio de clase, la adicción, la soledad y el desamparo en todas sus esquivas mutaciones, y lo hace con hondura y originalidad, con ingenio y sabiduría, con una mezcla de concisión y hechizo, de elegía, existencialismo y perfeccionismo formal.

    Los personajes de Means afrontan distintos tipos de pérdida, ya sea el trabajo, su pareja o la razón; son seres a la deriva, cuyas vidas se han visto marcadas por la violencia o el infortunio, y para quienes el mundo se ha vuelto un lugar inseguro, hostil. No importa el grado o la naturaleza del sufrimiento de dichos personajes: Means –y con él, el lector– parece confiar plenamente en el poder redentor de las historias. Comparado por la crítica con Denis Johnson, Alice Munro, John Cheever, Tobias Wolff o Raymond Carver, David Means es uno de los grandes maestros de la narrativa breve e indudablemente una lectura imprescindible.

    http://sextopiso.es/esp/item/451/instrucciones-para-un-funeral

    70 EF581 VINOS LIBROS libro 2Estación Sol
    Gregorio León
    Algaida Editores
    Sevilla, 2019
    Coincidiendo con el centenario del Metro de Madrid, Gregorio León nos trae una intrigante historia sobre su construcción. Una periodista capta una foto de Alfonso XIII entrando en un chalé de la mano de una mujer que no es la reina. El director del periódico se niega a publicarla y la envía a cubrir las obras de construcción de un modernísimo medio de transporte que va a alterar la vida de Madrid –El Metropolitano–, cuando, de repente, aparece el cadáver del capataz de la obra. Por la novela transitan personajes reales de la época: Alfonso XIII, incapaz de frenar los acontecimientos que lo sacuden, más pendiente de amantes y vehículos de último modelo; Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, furibundo detractor del rey, y Galdós o Eduardo Dato, entre otros.

    Gregorio León (1971) se gana la vida como periodista de Onda Regional, la emisora autonómica de Murcia. También ha hecho televisión y tiene cinco novelas publicadas.

    novela.algaida.es/buscador.php?buscar=Estaci%F3n+sol

    70 EF581 VINOS LIBROS libro 4Ohio
    Stephen Markley
    Alianza Editorial
    Barcelona, 2019
    En una tórrida y fatídica noche veraniega de 2013, cuatro antiguos compañeros de instituto convergen en su ciudad natal, cada uno con su misión propia, todos obsesionados por los fantasmas de su pasado en común, sus amores perdidos, sus remordimientos y sus secretos. Bill, Stacey, Dan y Tina pertenecen a una generación que no ha conocido más que la guerra, la crisis, el desencanto político, y un creciente terror ante la inevitable calamidad medioambiental. En los rincones olvidados de América, castigados por la desindustrialización, donde reinan los desalojos y las drogas, conviven belleza y depravación, amor por la tierra y frustración vital.
    Stephen Markley es escritor, guionista y periodista. Su primera novela, Ohio, ha sido celebrada por la crítica como la puesta de largo de un nuevo talento.

    https://www.alianzaeditorial.es/libro/alianza-literaturas/ohio-stephen-markley-9788491816263/

     

    70 EF581 VINOS LIBROS libro 3El calentamiento global
    Daniel Ruiz
    Tusquets Editores
    Barcelona, 2019
    Federico Castilla, director de Responsabilidad Corporativa y Desarrollo Sostenible de Oilgas International, recibe una llamada desde Oilgas Ibérica, su planta de distribución en España. Le comunican que un empleado ha caído desde varios metros de altura mientras trabajaba. Inmediatamente, se activan todos los protocolos y Federico toma un avión para viajar hasta Pico Paloma, donde conviven la industria petroquímica, la actividad turística y el paisanaje local. Sobre ese espacio, la planta de Oilgas se erige como un gran agente dinamizador económico y social, pero también como una instalación altamente contaminante. Las políticas de Responsabilidad Corporativa desarrolladas por la firma operan como un verdadero agente silenciador de voluntades y todas las instituciones y organizaciones representativas del entorno participan de esa política del silencio.

    www.planetadelibros.com/libro-el-calentamiento-global/300593

     

    70 EF581 VINOS LIBROS libro 5Tiempos recios
    Mario Vargas Llosa
    Editorial Alfaguara
    Barcelona, 2019
    Guatemala, 1954. El golpe militar perpetrado por Carlos Castillo Armas y auspiciado por Estados Unidos a través de la CIA derroca el gobierno de Jacobo Árbenz. Detrás de este acto violento se encuentra una mentira que pasó por verdad y que cambió el devenir de América Latina: la acusación por parte del gobierno de Eisenhower de que Árbenz alentaba la entrada del comunismo soviético en el continente.

    Tiempos recios es una historia de conspiraciones internacionales e intereses encontrados cuyos ecos resuenan hasta la actualidad. Un suceso que involucró a varios países y en el que algunos verdugos acabaron convirtiéndose en víctimas de la misma trama que habían ayudado a construir.

    Mario Vargas Llosa funde la realidad con dos ficciones: la del narrador que recrea personajes y situaciones, y la diseñada por quienes quisieron controlar la política y la economía de un continente manipulando su historia.

    www.megustaleer.com/libros/tiempos-recios/MES-105177


              

    Empresa Eléctrica de Guatemala convoca a todas las tecnologías de energías renovables para una subasta de compra de energía

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    La Empresa Eléctrica de Guatemala (EEGSA) lanzó una licitación para contratar energía limpia abierta a todas las fuentes de generación de energía limpia con la intención de distribuir a sus clientes.

    La entrada Empresa Eléctrica de Guatemala convoca a todas las tecnologías de energías renovables para una subasta de compra de energía se publicó primero en Energia Estrategica.


              

    Sky incorpora canal de eSports UBEAT a partir del 3 de diciembre

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    El canal de eSports Ubeat, del Grupo Mediapro, se incorpora a la oferta de Sky y llega a Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Panamá y República Dominicana a partir del 3 de diciembre. El canal cuenta con más de 3.600 horas de las competiciones de videojuegos más importantes a nivel internacional, información, [...]
              

    Ubeat adds itself to Sky’s catalog from December 3rd

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    The Ubeat eSports channel, (The Mediapro Group), is joining  Sky’s offer and will arrive at Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama and the Dominican Republic next December 3rd. The channel features more than 3,600 hours of the most important international videogame competitions, information, news, entertainment and its own exclusive content production (Ubeat [...]
              

    16 ülkeye yeni büyükelçi atandı

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    Türkiye Cumhurbaşkanı Recep Tayyip Erdoğan imzasıyla yayımlanan karara göre, Ürdün Büyükelçisi Murat Karagöz, Guatemala Büyükelçisi Süleyman Gökçe, Türkmenistan Büyükelçisi Mustafa Kap...
              

    Miss Grand International 2019 - Final Result

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    Yari na isab aku nag tagid - gid sin result sin Miss Grand International 2019 amun piya aun sin pitca 25 october 2019 bang time ha latin. Bang time ha asia laung ta pitca 26 na bah bang kirahun. Ini in result niya.


    Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela – Valentina Figuera
    Winner

    Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico – Maria Malo
    1st Runner Up
     
    Bandera de Tailandia Thailand – Arayha Suparurk
    2nd Runner Up

    Flag of Panama.svg Panama – Carmen Drayton
    3rd Runner Up

    Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil – Marjorie Marcelle
    4th Runner Up





    TOP 10
    Flag of Australia.svg Australia – Taylor Marlene

    Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador – Mara Topic

    Flag of Peru.svg Peru – Camila Escribens

    Bandera de Puerto Rico Puerto Rico – Hazel Ortíz

    Bandera de Vietnam Vietnam – Nguyễn Hà Kiều Loan





    TOP 21
    Flag of Chile.png Chile – Francisca Lavandero

    Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia – Génesis Quintero

    Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica – Brenda Castro

    Flag of Spain.svg Spain – Ainara de Santamaría

    Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala – Dannia Guevara

    Bandera de Irlanda Ireland – Sudawan Khumdee

    Bandera de Japón Japan – Adeline Minatoya

    Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay – Milena Rodríguez

    Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic – Mary Boichenko

    Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic – Stephanie Bustamante

    Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa – Belindé Schreuder



              

    Dec 31, Guatemala: New Year's Eve

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    The last day of the year in the Gregorian calendar is usually celebrated with parties as midnight approaches. For more information on this holiday, visit the link.
              

    Jan 01, Guatemala: New Year's Day

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    New Year's Day is a public holiday in all countries that observe the Gregorian calendar, with the exception of Israel. For more information on this holiday, visit the link.
              

    Comentario en Teólogos iberoamericanos disertan en Caracas sobre los nuevos caminos de la Iglesia por leonel cuy

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    Interesante el enfoque que se plantearon de acuerdo a los tiempos, ya no más a la comodidad de los bautizados, como lo indica el papa Francisco, tenerremos que salir todos los católicos a misionar, en mi país Guatemala estamos en la misma línea y ser constructores del reino de nuestro padre Yavhé Dios.
              

    Sánchez acapara todo el protagonismo y margina al Rey

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    Pedro Sánchez volverá este lunes a intentar ocupar el papel del Rey, y lo hará durante la Cumbre de jefes de Estado y de Gobierno que se desarrollará en Madrid en el marco de la Conferencia de Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático.

    El Gobierno ha excluido de esta Cumbre a Don Felipe, que ni siquiera saldrá en la llamada «foto de familia», a pesar de que el Rey, según la Constitución, «asume la más alta representación del Estado español en las relaciones internacionales». La Reina tampoco intervendrá en la Cumbre, aunque el martes por la tarde acudirá a un acto puntual. Lo llamativo es que tanto Don Felipe como Doña Letizia han intervenido en los últimos años en varios eventos de la ONU sobre el clima, sin embargo no estarán en la Cumbre de Madrid.

    En esas circunstancias, los Reyes ofrecerán la tarde de este lunes en el Palacio Real una recepción a los jefes de Estado, de Gobierno y de delegaciones asistentes a la conferencia. Allí será donde Don Felipe dirija unas palabras a los mandatarios extranjeros.

    La Moncloa envió el domingo a los medios el programa de Sánchez en la Cumbre, que incluye doce actos en ocho horas (de 8.30 a 16.45 de hoy). En el programa el presidente del Gobierno en funciones se atribuye el papel de anfitrión que tradicionalmente han ejercido los Reyes. Según este programa, Sánchez da la bienvenida a los jefes de Estado y de Gobierno, se fotografía con los presidentes de instituciones europeas, se reúne con los jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de la Unión Europea, con el primer ministro de Francia y con el secretario general de Naciones Unidas, Sánchez interviene en la ceremonia de inauguración, posa para la foto de familia, ofrece un almuerzo a los mandatarios extranjeros y se reúne con los jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de los países iberoamericanos. También comparece ante los medios con el secretario general de Naciones Unidas.

    Además de la recepción que los Reyes ofrecerán este lunes por la tarde, Don Felipe aprovechará la estancia de los mandatarios en Madrid para mantener contactos bilaterales con algunos de ellos, como son el secretario general de Naciones Unidas, Antonio Guterres; la presidenta de la Cámara de Representantes de EE.UU., Nancy Pelosi, y los presidentes de la República Dominicana, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Argentina, Guatemala y Austria. El martes ofrecerá un almuerzo al Gran Duque de Luxemburgo.


              

    Sada Baby - Guatemalan Lyrics

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    Get lyrics to Guatemalan by Sada Baby at eLyrics.net.
              

    中美洲的火山健行-TATONKA Yukon 登山背包

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    瓜地馬拉的阿卡特南戈火山徒步旅行是一次難以置信的經歷。聆聽和觀看火山與岩漿噴發,令人驚艷,絕對值得一來。 攀爬阿卡特南戈火山需要艱苦跋涉,但卻令人有難以置信的回報。這是一個需要在山裡過一夜的冒險,那夜後,我會一直記得它的。 我對阿卡特南戈火山之旅感到非常緊張,因為我不習慣徒步旅行,但登山健行最棒的不是沿途的景點,而是當你到達山頂時的感覺,在雲層之上,這是一種不可思議的感覺。 —————以上,是專辦瓜地馬拉Antigua攀登火山旅行社的旅客評語。 ▼版主逸帆攀登上阿卡特南戈火山的營地,拍攝著不到二公里處的富埃戈火山縮時 此次逸帆32天的中美洲之旅,從巴拿馬轉機開始,一路往北移動,沿途各國有不同的景色值得去探訪,但在中美洲最不缺的就是火山(笑),為什麼這樣說呢?因為旅途中經過的哥斯大黎加、尼加拉瓜、宏都拉斯和薩爾瓦多等諸國,都有豐富的火山生態,但旅人們青春和旅行天數有限,若只能去一個火山,個人首推來自臺灣邦交國之一的瓜地馬拉。 出發前考量中美洲個人的旅行方式,需再較佳的移動彈性,所以捨棄行李箱,背起了Yukon50+10登山背包,還有隨身的Manfrotto攝影背包,在長途移動時,就前後背負。若單純只是城市/景點定點旅行,只要背包隨身包即可。 Yukon50+10公升的登山背包,重量:約為2.3公斤。 ▲出國時,版主會把登山背包拖運,一般來說拖運的重量,每次都在13公斤左右。但回國就很不一定了,還是要取決這國家好不好買。 . 攀登中美洲絕美火山群Acatenango 瓜地馬拉首都附近,車程只需三四十分鐘就可以到達被聯合國教科文組織列入世界文化遺產的安地瓜(Antigua)老城,曾作為西班牙瓜地馬拉殖民地,並保存當時大量的巴洛克式建築而聞名。 散步在這老城的石板路上非常地舒服(但開車或拖行李箱走在上面,並不會讓你太愉快),然而你在城鎮上任何一處,只要抬頭幾乎都可以看到附近的火山群,包括AGUA(水火山)、Fuego(富埃戈火山) 以及Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山)。其中富埃戈是個活火山,拜訪的那幾日,經常可以見到火山口冒煙或噴煙的景色,相當地吸晴。 ▲安地瓜市區就可以看到富埃戈火山不時噴煙的景色。 來到安地瓜其實就是為了這一座活火山而來,也約好了正在中美洲旅行的朋友,一起在這城市集合,一起來攀登火山。旅途中只要有來過安地瓜的旅行者,特別是年輕人,幾乎都會去參加二天一夜的火山行程。這裡專辦火山行程的業者滿多的,很容易在路邊問到資料,甚至住宿飯店青旅就可以報名。 行程大致上,在早上的九點出發,十點開始在山腰處開始攀爬,我們爬的是Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山),這座火山標高是海拔3,976公尺,我一直以為是從3000多公尺開始爬,無痛看風景,但到了登山口,聽完登山導遊的介紹,我就有點頭暈。不好意思,是從2,450公尺開始爬,要爬到約3,600的營地過夜,然後隔日一早四點攻頂3,976海拔去看日出。 行程是包三餐和翌日的早餐,但規定每人要背四公升的水,其中一公升的水,是背到營地後要交出來的?是晚餐和宵夜煮飯所需。 Yukon50+10經典專業登山背包 考量到要背負太多器材上山,於是捨棄背攝影包,改Yukon登山背包(這本來就是專業的登山包,當然是要背它)。來自德國的TATONKA戶外裝備,牌識別LOGO以北美野牛(BISON)為設計,我的這一咖背包為Yukon50+10公升的重量約2.3公斤,雖然比一般背包重量來說,但高性能的揹負系統,強韌且耐用的特色,能應付各種戶外使用情境! 50+10公升,讓容量收納更有彈性。 對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊!不過為了記錄這美景,我帶了空拍機/GoPro/單眼相機加二顆鏡頭/三腳架/二支手機上山,對了,還有4公升的水。 也是帶了這麼多的「雜物」,所以更需要一個背負系統好的登山背包,然而;Yukon50+10有幾項可依個人身高與舒適應,來調整的個人化設計。如同多數的大型登山背包,Yukon可將結構分為底層、主袋及頂袋(主袋與底袋間有拉鍊隔層),其中兩條中空的鋁製支架,可將背負重量轉移到臀部,3D結構的臀帶,增強對髖骨的包覆性/胸帶可調整高度,背包外部吊掛系統,可支援登山杖與冰斧固定環。背包的前、後提把,相當的實用,讓提背包時,力量更平均地分配。 Yukon背包整個材質非常強韌(畢竟是德國貨),就算不是把它背去登山,對於旅行背包族群也相當方便,版主搭飛機時,拖運了十幾次,Yukon50+10目前都沒有問題,就算表面用髒,也相當地好清洗。 ▼對此包有興趣的朋友,可以看看官網影片,會更清楚 ▲德國TATONKAYukon經典專業登山背包(官網介紹) 參加此次火山健行活動剛好是十二月底,很多國家正在放長假,我們這一團有來自歐洲、北美、南美、亞洲和大洋洲共21人參加這行程,現在果然是放大假期間,旅行者一下子就漫佈在安地瓜的街頭。 常常在這團體聽到英文、德文、法語、西班牙文和葡萄牙文,但共通點是大部份的人都滿會西班牙文,連二個從美國來的旅行者都會是怎麼回事? 從海拔2,450公尺開始爬山,一路到山頂3,976公尺,健行在不同的高度落差,帶來的視野及生態環境皆不相同,非常棒地感受。 而且這裡的日夜溫差很大,早上二十幾度,晚上約在零度,聽其他旅人分享,晚上有時會到零下五度,並且我們住在帳棚,不得不多背些保暖衣褲上山,要不然冷起來,根本睡不著覺。 ▲沿途中山色相當地美 ▲同行的20人,要找到人當「點景」相當容易 ▲山中轉個彎,上了三仟公尺,山下就是滿滿地雲,完全是漫步在雲端的概念(照片遠方即是水火山) ▼▲一群人登山有說有笑,時間也過比較快 ▲首日健行到基地營,包含休息吃飯時間,大約要四到五小時的腳程。(重點是帳篷是已紮好的,固定在這裡,所以不用自己來,呼~~好險) 眼前就是Fuego(富埃戈火山) ▲Yukon50+10彈性側袋,帶著保溫瓶,隨時補充水份 ▲來到營地休憩,最美妙的是正對著活躍的富埃戈火山,它不時的發出聲音與噴煙 ▲火山下的雲海也相當地迷人,使用長焦段鏡頭拍攝特寫 ▼▲夕陽一下子就來臨了,大夥穿上了外套,坐靠在山邊,看著火山,望著夕陽,踏著雲海,贊嘆與感受當下的美好時光。 夕陽一下子就沒入了雲海之中,黑暗悄悄地接手上場,氣溫也開始驟降 我們圍成一團,溝著營火取著暖話家常 不遠處的富埃戈火山依舊不時的噴發冒煙,但在夜幕來臨後,原來白天所見的白煙,其實是夾帶著岩漿,火紅並炙熱,在黑幕下展現她的華麗姿態,令所有人有幸一睹她的樣貌,並驚呼連連。 那天夜裡,我們就吃著聊著還不時伴著火山噴發聲與火炎秀,結束了這一回合。 請問你是要早上四點起床攻頂?還是四點半?登山嚮導問著大夥。 若只是爬一個小時就攻頂,為什麼要這麼早上去被風打臉?於是我選擇了四點半,其實85%的人都選擇了四點半,但你若走比較慢體力不夠的話,可以早點出發。 其實我與旅伴本來就不堅持到山頂上看日出,反正半路也看得到,但事實證明,我們爬到還要再等個二十分鐘,日出才出來。時間抓得剛剛好。 阿卡特南戈火山頂上,可以看到完全不同的景色,我要收回試圖說服自己不在山頂看日出的那段話。在這裡看日出,真的是美呆了,滿滿地雲海,遠方城鎮在雲霧之中,隱隱顯現,超適合拍所謂攝影人的琉璃光照片,但我沒有帶三腳架(覺得爬山好累),只帶了一機一鏡的相機和保溫瓶, 當時只想攤在山頂上。 山裡的光陰變化快速,從明暗到色彩多重改變,當下雖冷,但所有人都覺得很滿足。 一旁的富埃戈火山還不時的噴發,帶來最佳的點綴。 ▼▲日出一出來後,大夥就緩緩地下山,往營地走去。沿途中的景色依舊美侖美奐,特別是剛剛摸黑上山,根本只有黑壓壓的一片。現在卻被給予最美麗的光影色彩。 下山只要半個小時就回到了營地,這時也來到了大白天 ▼▲回程的路上,不同的同行旅伴們,也更熟悉了,不過他們都很細心地跟我要照片,覺得細心 HikingvolcanodeFuego,Guatemala 二天一夜的富埃戈火山行程,真的很值得一來,跟衣索比亞那一座火山完全不一樣 (但最重要的是衣索比亞那一座無痛就可爬到)。推薦給愛健行的朋友們。 下山立馬入住四星級飯店泡澡耍廢,期待下一站的旅程。 ▼ 下山來到四星級飯店門口,連行李都不想再拿了XD
              

    攀登中美洲絕美火山群 Acatenango

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    阿卡特南戈火山徒步旅行是一次難以置信的經歷。聆聽和觀看火山與岩漿噴發,令人驚艷,絕對值得一來。 攀爬阿卡特南戈火山需要艱苦跋涉,但卻令人有難以置信的回報。這是一個需要在山裡過一夜的冒險,那夜後,我會一直記得它的。 我對阿卡特南戈火山之旅感到非常緊張,因為我不習慣徒步旅行,但登山健行最棒的不是沿途的景點,而是當你到達山頂時的感覺,在雲層之上,這是一種不可思議的感覺。 —————以上,是專辦瓜地馬拉Antigua攀登火山旅行社的旅客評語。 ▼版主逸帆攀登上阿卡特南戈火山的營地,拍攝著不到二公里處的富埃戈火山縮時 32天的中美洲之旅,從巴拿馬轉機開始,一路往北移動,沿途各國有不同的景色值得去探訪,但在中美洲最不缺的就是火山(笑),為什麼這樣說呢?因為旅途中經過的哥斯大黎加、尼加拉瓜、宏都拉斯和薩爾瓦多等諸國,都有豐富的火山生態,但旅人們青春和旅行天數有限,若只能去一個火山,個人首推來自臺灣邦交國之一的瓜地馬拉。 瓜地馬拉首都附近,車程只需三四十分鐘就可以到達被聯合國教科文組織列入世界文化遺產的安地瓜(Antigua)老城,曾作為西班牙瓜地馬拉殖民地,並保存當時大量的巴洛克式建築而聞名。 散步在這老城的石板路上非常地舒服(但開車或拖行李箱走在上面,並不會讓你太愉快),然而你在城鎮上任何一處,只要抬頭幾乎都可以看到附近的火山群,包括AGUA(水火山)、Fuego(富埃戈火山) 以及Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山)。其中富埃戈是個活火山,拜訪的那幾日,經常可以見到火山口冒煙或噴煙的景色,相當地吸晴。 ▲安地瓜市區就可以看到富埃戈火山不時噴煙的景色。 來到安地瓜其實就是為了這一座活火山而來,也約好了正在中美洲旅行的朋友,一起在這城市集合,一起來攀登火山。旅途中只要有來過安地瓜的旅行者,特別是年輕人,幾乎都會去參加二天一夜的火山行程。這裡專辦火山行程的業者滿多的,很容易在路邊問到資料,甚至住宿飯店青旅就可以報名。 行程大致上,在早上的九點出發,十點開始在山腰處開始攀爬,我們爬的是Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山),這座火山標高是海拔3,976公尺,我一直以為是從3000多公尺開始爬,無痛看風景,但到了登山口,聽完登山導遊的介紹,我就有點頭暈。不好意思,是從2,450公尺開始爬,要爬到約3,600的營地過夜,然後隔日一早四點攻頂3,976海拔去看日出。 行程是包三餐和翌日的早餐,但規定每人要背四公升的水,其中一公升的水,是背到營地後要交出來的?是晚餐和宵夜煮飯所需。 參加此活動剛好是十二月底,很多國家正在放長假,我們這一團有來自歐洲、北美、南美、亞洲和大洋洲共21人參加這行程,現在果然是放大假期間,旅行者一下子就漫佈在安地瓜的街頭。 常常在這團體聽到英文、德文、法語、西班牙文和葡萄牙文,但共通點是大部份的人都滿會西班牙文,連二個從美國來的旅行者都會是怎麼回事? 從海拔2,450公尺開始爬山,一路到山頂3,976公尺,健行在不同的高度落差,帶來的視野及生態環境皆不相同,非常棒地感受。 ▲對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊!為了記錄這美景,我帶了空拍機/GoPro/單眼相機加二顆鏡頭/三腳架/二支手機上山,對了,還有4公升的水。 而且這裡的日夜溫差很大,早上二十幾度,晚上約在零度,聽其他旅人分享,晚上有時會到零下五度,並且我們住在帳棚,不得不多背些保暖衣褲上山,要不然冷起來,根本睡不著覺。 ▲沿途中山色相當地美 ▲同行的20人,要找到人當「點景」相當容易 ▲山中轉個彎,上了三仟公尺,山下就是滿滿地雲,完全是漫步在雲端的概念(照片遠方即是水火山) ▲首日健行到基地營,包含休息吃飯時間,大約要四到五小時的腳程。(重點是帳篷是已紮好的,固定在這裡,所以不用自己來,呼~~好險) ▲喔~我的背包除了攝影器材和零食外,啊~還有四公升的水,我也帶了保溫瓶和悶燒罐,保溫瓶不用多說,台灣人出門最愛帶的物品之一,環保又方便,隨時可喝上熱水或自己想泡的飲品。 然而;悶燒罐是去年在北歐待了一個月,高物價讓人吃不消,所以有了它,可以省些外食費用,並且可以煮自己喜歡的食材(特別是白飯或粥) ▲來到營地休憩,最美妙的是正對著活躍的富埃戈火山,它不時的發出聲音與噴煙 ▲對面著火山美景,這時你需要來一杯熱騰騰的湯品 ▲火山下的雲海也相當地迷人,使用長焦段鏡頭拍攝特寫 ▼▲夕陽一下子就來臨了,大夥穿上了外套,坐靠在山邊,看著火山,望著夕陽,踏著雲海,贊嘆與感受當下的美好時光。 夕陽一下子就沒入了雲海之中,黑暗悄悄地接手上場,氣溫也開始驟降 我們圍成一團,溝著營火取著暖話家常 不遠處的富埃戈火山依舊不時的噴發冒煙,但在夜幕來臨後,原來白天所見的白煙,其實是夾帶著岩漿,火紅並炙熱,在黑幕下展現她的華麗姿態,令所有人有幸一睹她的樣貌,並驚呼連連。 那天夜裡,我們就吃著聊著還不時伴著火山噴發聲與火炎秀,結束了這一回合。 請問你是要早上四點起床攻頂?還是四點半?登山嚮導問著大夥。 若只是爬一個小時就攻頂,為什麼要這麼早上去被風打臉?於是我選擇了四點半,其實85%的人都選擇了四點半,但你若走比較慢體力不夠的話,可以早點出發。 其實我與旅伴本來就不堅持到山頂上看日出,反正半路也看得到,但事實證明,我們爬到還要再等個二十分鐘,日出才出來。時間抓得剛剛好。 阿卡特南戈火山頂上,可以看到完全不同的景色,我要收回試圖說服自己不在山頂看日出的那段話。在這裡看日出,真的是美呆了,滿滿地雲海,遠方城鎮在雲霧之中,隱隱顯現,超適合拍所謂攝影人的琉璃光照片,但我沒有帶三腳架(覺得爬山好累),只帶了一機一鏡的相機和保溫瓶, 當時只想攤在山頂上。 山裡的光陰變化快速,從明暗到色彩多重改變,當下雖冷,但所有人都覺得很滿足。 一旁的富埃戈火山還不時的噴發,帶來最佳的點綴。 ▼▲日出一出來後,大夥就緩緩地下山,往營地走去。沿途中的景色依舊美侖美奐,特別是剛剛摸黑上山,根本只有黑壓壓的一片。現在卻被給予最美麗的光影色彩。 下山只要半個小時就回到了營地,這時也來到了大白天 喝上一口溫熱水,吃著早餐補充體力,在溝火之中取個暖,約在半個小時後,就準備下山。 下山前,我用了保溫瓶與悶燒罐裝了瓜地安拉火山的空氣,聽說現在純淨的空氣正夯。 ▼▲回程的路上,不同的同行旅伴們,也更熟悉了,不過他們都很細心地跟我要照片,覺得細心 HikingvolcanodeFuego,Guatemala 二天一夜的富埃戈火山完成回到安地瓜市區,對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,再次提醒沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊! 這火山真的很值得一來,跟衣索比亞那一座火山完全不一樣 (但最重要的是衣索比亞那一座無痛就可爬到)。推薦給愛健行的朋友們。 下山立馬入住四星級飯店泡澡耍廢,期待下一站的旅程。
              

    Presidente de Honduras asiste a partido del Atlético de Madrid y Barcelona

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    La Prensa

    Madrid, EspañaLos presidentes de Costa Rica, Carlos Alvarado, Guatemala, Jimmy Morales, y Honduras, Juan Orlando Hernández, asisten, en el palco del estadio Metropolitano, al partido de la decimoquinta jornada de la Liga española que disputan el Atlético de Madrid y el Barcelona.

    Presidente de Honduras llega a Madrid para participar en Cumbre del ClimaEl palco del estadio del club rojiblanco está repleto de personalidades, como el presidente del Gobierno español en funciones, Pedro Sánchez, y los primeros ministros de Grecia, Kyriakos Mitsotaki; Polonia, Mateusz Morawiecki; Noruega, Erna Solberg; Montenegro, Dusko Markovic; e Islas Cook, Henry Puna; así como la presidenta de la Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos, Nancy Pelosy.

    EFE.

    <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p lang="es" dir="ltr">Gracias al Presidente del Gobierno de España, <a href="https://twitter.

    com/sanchezcastejon?ref_src=##(##class(dt.

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    embedImage(29362065))##" border="0">El centrocampista holandés de Barcelona Frenkie De Jong patea la pelota durante el partido de fútbol de la liga española entre el Club Atlético de Madrid y el FC Barcelona en el estadio Wanda Metropolitano de Madrid.

    EFECumbre del climaEl presidente de Honduras llegó este domingo a Madrid, España, para participar en la Conferencia de Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (COP25).

    El gobernante hondureño, quien llegó acompañado de la primera dama, Ana García de Hernández, disertará en la inauguración de la COP25, a la que asistirán científicos, empresarios, representantes institucionales, jefes de Estado y de Gobierno, ministros y organizaciones no gubernamentales de todo el mundo.

    La COP25 es una convención climática clave para el planeta y se celebrará del 2 al 13 de diciembre.

    En la COP25 el mandatario expondrá su preocupación por la emergencia climática y los Fondos Verdes destinados a que países vulnerables como Honduras enfrenten las consecuencias del cambio climático.


              

    Presidente de Honduras llega a Madrid para participar en Cumbre del Clima

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    La Prensa

    Madrid, EspañaEl presidente de Honduras, Juan Orlando Hernández, llegó este domingo a Madrid, España, para participar en la Conferencia de Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (COP25).

    El gobernante hondureño, quien llegó acompañado de la primera dama, Ana García de Hernández, disertará en la inauguración de la COP25, a la que asistirán científicos, empresarios, representantes institucionales, jefes de Estado y de Gobierno, ministros y organizaciones no gubernamentales de todo el mundo.

    La COP25 es una convención climática clave para el planeta y se celebrará del 2 al 13 de diciembre.

    En la COP25 el mandatario expondrá su preocupación por la emergencia climática y los Fondos Verdes destinados a que países vulnerables como Honduras enfrenten las consecuencias del cambio climático.

    Vea: Honduras buscará alianzas en la COP25 para la acción climáticaSe citan en COP25Más de medio centenar de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno, responsables ministeriales de Medio Ambiente, altos funcionarios gubernamentales y representantes de las más importantes instituciones del mundo se darán cita a partir de mañana en Madrid en la Cumbre del Clima (COP25).

    Destacará la presencia latinoamericana con los presidentes de Argentina, Costa Rica, Ecuador y Honduras entre los que figuran en la lista de mandatarios que se darán cita en este encuentro.

    Además de los mandatarios argentino, Mauricio Macri; costarricense, Carlos Alvarado Quesada; hondureño, Juan Orlando Hernández; y ecuatoriano, Lenin Moreno, también está previsto que asista a esta cita el presidente electo de Guatemala, Alejandro Guammattei.

    Según la lista divulgada por las autoridades españolas, la Cumbre contará además con la presencia de los responsables de las principales organizaciones internacionales, de los líderes de las instituciones europeas, así como de primeros ministros de países de todo el mundo.


              

    A Hidden Reality for Adolescent Girls: Child, Early and Forced Marriages and Unions in Latin America and the Caribbean

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    Publication Date
    Monday, July 1, 2019

    "[T]raditional social structures, gender norms, legal frameworks, political institutions and economic arrangements together create unhelpful or harmful constraints and challenges for vulnerable girls and women in the eight study countries."

    Across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in 2017, 23% of women aged 20-24 had been married or in union by age 18 and 5% by age 15. This research focuses on LAC adolescent girls in child, early, and forced marriages and unions (CEFMUs) to make their specific needs visible, with the aim of working to change the social norms that perpetuate this violation of their human rights. Plan International and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) conducted the regional study across Bolivia, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Peru.

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    MONDO TUTTE LE NOTIZIE

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    Benvenuti ai Feed Rss del sito di Maurizio Barra

    Tempo di lettura: 18 minuti MONDO TUTTE LE NOTIZIE IN TEMPO REALE MONDO TUTTE LE NOTIZIE IN TEMPO REALE SEMPRE AGGIORNATE DALLE 18:50 DI SABATO 30 NOVEMBRE 2019 ALLE 16:12 DI DOMENICA 01 DICEMBRE 2019 MONDO TUTTE LE NOTIZIE Guatemala, sisma di magnitudo 5.6 Non vi sono segnalazioni di vittime o danni gravi CITTA’ DEL GUATEMALA30 novembre 2019 18:50 –… Continue reading MONDO TUTTE LE NOTIZIE

    L'articolo MONDO TUTTE LE NOTIZIE proviene da tecnologia.


              

    Todo listo para el Campeonato Centroamericano Juvenil de Atletismo

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    @DiarioCoLatino El estadio nacional “Jorge Mágico González” albergará desde hoy a los mejores atletas juveniles de la región en el Campeonato Centroamericano U14 y U16. En el certamen participarán 247 juveniles procedentes de Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panamá y El Salvador, anfitrión del evento. La delegación cuscatleca, que intentará poner en alto los colores …

    La entrada Todo listo para el Campeonato Centroamericano Juvenil de Atletismo aparece primero en Diario Co Latino.


              

    Recapturan en Guatemala a líder de la Mara Salvatrucha

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    La policía de Guatemala anuncia la recaptura de Edgar Herrera Zúñiga, alias 'El falcon', líder de la peligrosa pandilla Mara Salvatrucha que se había fugado de una prisión de máxima seguridad en 2016
              

    In Search of Progressive Putnam

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    See this story at GayCityNews.com.

    BY EILEEN MCDERMOTT

    Community News Group

    Putnam County, New York: you may know it from Broadway’s “The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee” or perhaps you’ve gone apple picking here recently. Putnam is just north of Westchester, and you’re most likely to have visited Cold Spring, which is on the Hudson River at the western end of the county, about 20 minutes south of Beacon, the Brooklyn of the Lower Hudson Valley. Cold Spring is near Breakneck Ridge and other popular hiking trails accessible by Metro-North from Manhattan.

    But it’s less likely you’ve heard of communities farther east in Putnam — Putnam Valley, Mahopac, Carmel, Kent, and Brewster. These are actually the more populated villages in the county, but they are less of a pull for tourists and decidedly more conservative than their counterparts on the Hudson. The particulars of their location and history have created a progressive desert of sorts — even as Manhattan’s ongoing ejection of its middle class and swiftly-rising costs in Hudson River towns sends more progressives, including those of us in the LGBTQ community, to the eastern reaches of Putnam County.

    My wife Laurie and I moved to Brewster, located at Putnam’s east edge, next to Danbury, Connecticut, in 2016. I had lived in Manhattan since 2001; she since 2005. Our individual love affairs with New York City had enjoyed good runs but its many wonders had begun to pale in comparison with its many inconveniences and a growing sense of angst. And as a couple we don’t shun clichés: we hike, snowboard, and have a pit bull, so we looked northward in our search for a new home, anticipating woods, more space, less traffic.

    After months of searching in the usual Gay Flight meccas of Beacon, Cold Spring, Peekskill, Cortlandt Manor, and other Hudson River spots, our realtor forced us to face reality — we could not afford or handle a fixer-upper, and the prices and taxes for move-in ready houses in Westchester and Putnam’s riverfront communities were beyond us. So, she showed us a house in Brewster — wherever that was.

    It was perfect.

    It was a modest ranch — but we’re only two people and a dog. It had a decent sized yard, the taxes were low (around $8,500 compared to $10,000 and up in most Westchester towns), there were state-protected woods across the street, and — most importantly — the house had just been gut-rehabbed to be flipped. We didn’t have to do a thing, and that was good, because after 15 years of depending on supers, neither of us knew an oil tank from a hot water heater. Brewster is a little further from the city than we would have liked, and we knew little about the town or surrounding area, but the village was quaint, the house four minutes from the Metro-North Harlem Line, and only an hour from Manhattan.

    How different could it be?

    Six months after we moved, we would find out.

    On November 8, Donald Trump won the presidency, and at 3 a.m. the next morning, we were awoken to a celebratory booming bass — our neighbors were elated. I had gone to bed hours earlier after sending off an angry Facebook fuck-you to no one in particular. Stirred by a party in our midst, I felt crushed, angry, and actually scared — where was this place that I now lived? For weeks leading up to the election I had seen the Trump banners, bumper stickers, and lawn signs, but I wrote them off as the desperate rantings of a few local good ole boys. Turns out, there are a lot of those up here.

    Five of the six officially-defined “towns” that make up Putnam County voted Trump in 2016. Philipstown, which includes Cold Spring, was the only one that went for Hillary. Trump won nearly 56 percent of the vote countywide — and 61 percent in the town of Carmel. Compare that to Westchester County — a five to ten-minute drive away — where Trump got about 31 percent of the vote.

    Looking at the racial makeup of Putnam County, this really shouldn’t have come as a surprise — according to the Census Bureau, the population is about 78 percent white, 16 percent Hispanic or Latinx, and just 3.7% black.

    Yet Brewster has a large migrant worker community — in the village of 2,360 residents, Hispanics/ Latinx make up 63.4 percent of the total. As of the 2010 Census, Brewster Village, which is within the Town of Southeast, had the highest concentration of Guatemalan residents in all of the US, at 38.2 percent of the population.

    The village’s atypical demographics for this area of Putnam County have not played out well. Some of my first encounters on local social media pages included current and former white residents of the area referring to Brewster Village as “Little Mexico” and to the residents in far more pejorative terms. When I challenged such comments and even called out to the page administrators to police them, I got kicked off some pages. The demographics have also resulted in a starkly segregated community as well as a proposed plan to redevelop Brewster Village in an effort to attract more white residents from New York. This is all framed in the plan’s language as attracting “millennials,” but the true intent is clear to those who live here. The redevelopment plan would bulldoze many of the village’s historic buildings to the ground and replace them with condominiums and office space. If carried out, it would undoubtedly chase out a significant number of Latinx residents, many of whom own businesses in the village that would be affected or eliminated.

    With many Latinx residents worried about endangering their own or family members’ immigration status — ICE raids have “surged” in Putnam and Westchester lately — that community has been broadly afraid to speak up in the debate over redevelopment and other public concerns.

    And even as some are trying to attract city people to Brewster, the dynamics at play, in fact, don’t bode well for progressive and LGBTQ newcomers. While Putnam libraries and some organizations have hosted Pride events in recent years and some schools have Gay-Straight Alliance groups, there is no nearby LGBTQ Community Center, no gay bar in Putnam or even within reasonable driving distance, and there has never been a Pride Parade. LGBTQ people and artists can often be the lifeblood of progressive communities, but without public spaces for queer people to convene and be visible, communities remain insular and conservative, keeping progressive values in the shadows.

    One bright spot in Brewster is the Studio Around the Corner, owned by the Cultural Arts Coalition, a non-profit “dedicated to creating and sustaining cultural arts within the Town of Southeast and its surrounding region.” The Studio serves as a space for artists and theater geeks to gather, hosts ESL classes and support groups, and is spearheading an effort to restore Brewster Village’s historic theater. At the same time, it is funded partially by the local Republican-run government and is sometimes pressured not to host events that might be viewed as too partisan.

    Putnam needs more.

    In response to this climate, I’ve joined with some other Putnam residents in an effort to launch the first-ever Putnam Pride Parade in Cold Spring next year.

    The event is badly needed, not just for Putnam’s LGBTQ residents who have nowhere to congregate, but to energize and bring visibility to the county’s queer community and to ensure that the arc of New York State politics continues to bend forward rather than backward.

    To be sure, other Lower Hudson Valley counties voted Trump in 2016, but Putnam’s margins stand alone and its local governments are broadly Republican-controlled. The County Legislature recently passed resolutions opposing the New York State Reproductive Health Act (RHA) as “sanctioning infanticide” and objecting to New York State’s “Green Light” bill to grant driver’s licenses to undocumented immigrants. During the hearing to approve the RHA resolution, one supporter of the effort sitting near me held a sign that decried abortion on one side and homosexuality on the other — as if he were hopping from one protest to another that night.

    Putnam also hosts a federal government facility that may be harboring “unaccompanied minors” — children who have been separated from their families at the border. Attempts so far to verify the conditions for these children have been largely resisted, with only one Republican elected official being granted a carefully-guided tour without a Spanish translator.

    These kinds of politics persist only because the progressive community in this part of Putnam County has been silenced or become apathetic and disillusioned in light of it being a decades-long conservative stronghold. Like Beacon and Cold Spring, other communities in Putnam County have great potential for LGBTQ and other progressive families looking for more space, easy access to Manhattan via Metro-North, local arts, nature, farms, and more. But as long as the queer community is encouraged to stay quiet, the dynamic will not change.

    There are certainly many forces working for change — the Putnam Progressives, Putnam Young Democrats, and Putnam County Democratic Committee, to name a few — with some recent successes that indicate Putnam may be trending toward change.

    But we need more help. Join us for Putnam Pride on June 6 next year or lend your support, open an LGBTQ-friendly business in Putnam, or even consider moving here. If you’re up for helping to foster change somewhere not too far away, Putnam needs you.

    For more information on Putnam Pride, contact Eileen McDermott at putnamnypride@gmail.com.

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    Orientation — And the Choices that Involves

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    See this story at GayCityNews.com.

    BY GARY M. KRAMER

    Community News Group

    “Temblores” (“Tremors”) is an outstanding Guatemalan drama by out gay filmmaker Jayro Bustamante. Pablo (Juan Pablo Olyslager), an upper class, evangelical, married father of two leaves his family for his lover, Francisco (Mauricio Armas). The ripples of his coming out create the tremors of the title as Pablo loses his job and is cut off from his kids. He also brings shame on his family.

    Pablo quickly learns the harsh lesson that he cannot have his family and his lover — society just won’t allow it. What is more, he undergoes a form of conversion therapy to change his ways.

    “Temblores” is a quietly powerful film buoyed by Olyslager’s remarkable, internal performance. In a recent Skype interview, the actor talked about homosexuality, which he described as “the big pink elephant in the room called Guatemala.”

    He said, “Many people find it uncomfortable to talk about it even though they have relatives who are gay and know gay people. It’s a deeply religious and conservative country, but it’s still a touchy subject here.”

    Olyslager explained how Guatemala lags behind other countries when it comes to gay rights and LGBTQ visibility.

    “There is not a law that doesn’t protect the gay community but there is not a law that protects it,” he said. “There was a pro-familia law that recognized traditional marriage that right-wing groups were advocating, but it did not pass. Homosexuals are not protected. You could be fired easily from a job if someone finds out you are gay.”

    Pablo learns this in the film, as well as that some folks equate his sexuality with pedophilia — something that happens in Guatemalan society because of fear.

    Bustamante deliberately shot the film with what Olyslager described as “the texture of the 1970s,” so as to portray a backward society in modern times. Still the actor acknowledged that attitudes toward homosexuality in Guatemala are changing.

    “I see a glimmer of hope with new generations that are being brought up differently — not by their parents, but by access to information,” Olyslager said. “For some people, it’s a desirable thing to have a country where you have diversity. It also depends on one’s social circle. Artists are more tolerant than businesspeople or religious groups.”

    Religion is very important in “Temblores,” and Olyslager emphasized that Bustamante was not interested in attacking any specific religion.

    “It’s more about dogma,” he said.

    Pablo was a religious man because of his upbringing. He starts doubting religion after he meets Francisco. The actor filled in the lovers’ backstory, explaining that the men met long before the film starts.

    “Pablo was attracted to Francisco’s gutsiness and that he’s free,” Olyslager noted. “Opposites attract. That’s what Pablo saw in him.”

    Several scenes emphasize the loving relationship between Pablo and Francisco. A breakfast the two men share in a market is tender in part because here the wealthy Pablo finds a safe space dominated by lower social classes — he feels liberated because no one knows who he is.

    In the film’s opening moments, Bustamante sets Pablo in the claustrophobic hothouse atmosphere of his family’s opulent home, contrasting that with the warmth of a crowded bar where he greets Francisco. When he moves out of his home to a modest apartment, Pablo is much happier.

    But as his life changes, Pablo faces some reckonings. How he processes what happens to him allows Olyslager to shine, his expressive performance conveying the depths of his character’s despair as he bravely pursues a life he can’t have.

    “Pablo comes from a wealthy conservative family and is expected to meet someone from good social class, marry, have kids, and die,” Olyslager explained. “With Francisco, he has found something he wanted. He wanted to experience the gay scene without being judged in Guatemala. What Pablo wanted was to be with Francisco and have a relationship with his kids and work life. But I think he is naïve that all that could coexist. So, he starts crashing into this wall. In the end, Pablo had to make a choice.”

    That choice has Pablo entering into a conversion therapy program that humbles him.

    “He’s resigned, and he believes what the pastor is saying — maybe they are right and I have to go through this,” Olyslager said of his character’s thinking. “Pablo has faith in conversion therapy and expects to get something out of it — either clarity about his sexuality or a cure. When people are in serious trouble emotionally, they are willing to believe anything just to feel better. So, Pablo could believe that the therapy was going to work.”

    The actor, however, sees conversion therapy — which he first learned about making “Temblores” — as an insidious practice.

    “The founders of these groups often go back to who they are; they fail, themselves,” he noted. “There are many programs, and they do their work in a silent manner.”

    Bustamante’s film shows the consequences of religious righteousness. If “Temblores” offers hope for people like Pablo, it also shows that there remains a price to be paid in the Guatemala of today.

    TEMBLORES | Directed by Jayro Bustamante | In Spanish, with English subtitlers | Film Movement | Opens Nov. 29 | Quad Cinema, 34 W. 13th St. | quadcinema.com

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    What’s Guatemala recognized for? Ten things the national nation does most readily useful

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    What’s Guatemala recognized for? Ten things the national nation does most readily useful Dining Table of articles When you haven’t noticed, I’m a little bit obsessed with Guatemala. The folks, the tradition, the actual fact I left a bit of my heart in this nation, and I challenge you to go there and say otherwise […]
              

    Le “Café en grains” il fait son grand retour chez Alter Eco® !

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    AVEC PUR ARABICA GUATEMALA & PUR ARABICA PÉROU Pendant plusieurs années, le café moulu, les dosettes et les capsules ont été les produits phare sur le marché du café. Mais, depuis peu, la tendance est de nouveau au café en grains, souvent synonyme d’emballages réduits. Il nécessite aussi moins d’étapes lors de la production : …
              

    Here’s Why the Rejection Rate for Asylum Seekers Has Exploded in America’s Largest Immigration Court in NYC

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    Here’s Why the Rejection Rate for Asylum Seekers Has Exploded in America’s Largest Immigration Court in NYCShutterstockThe rate of asylum petitions denied in New York City’s busy immigration court has shot up about 17 times times faster than in the rest of the country during the Trump administration’s crackdown—and still Ana was there, a round-faced Honduran woman with a black scarf wrapped turban-like over her hair, a look of fright crossing her dark eyes as the judge asked if she faced danger in her home country.Her eyes darted over to her helper, a Manhattan lighting designer with New Sanctuary Coalition volunteers to offer moral support—she couldn’t find a lawyer to take her case for free. Then Ana turned back to the judge, or rather, to the video screen that beamed him in from Virginia, and whispered to the court interpreter in Spanish: “My spouse and my son were killed.” Tears welled in her eyes as she said a notorious transnational gang had carried out the slaying. “Yes we were receiving threats from them,” she added. And that was why, months before her husband and son were slain, she and her 5-year-old daughter had come “through the river,” entering the United States near Piedras Negras, Mexico. After ruling that she was deportable, the judge gave Ana—The Daily Beast is withholding her real name because of the danger she faces in Honduras—three months to submit a claim for asylum, a possible defense against her removal. “You should start working on that,” the judge told her. As she left the courtroom, Ana hugged the volunteer who’d accompanied her, Joan Racho-Jansen.Imprisoned Immigrants Facing Deportation Fend for Themselves In CourtNew York’s immigration court has long been the asylum capital; it has made two out of every five of the nation’s grants since 2001, while handling a quarter of the caseload. With approval of 55 percent of the petitions in the fiscal year ended Sept. 30, it still grants a greater percentage of asylum requests than any other courts except San Francisco and Guam.But New York’s golden door is slamming shut for far more asylum seekers than in the past, especially for women like Ana. The asylum denial rate in the New York City immigration court rose from 15 percent in fiscal year 2016, the last full year of the Obama administration, to 44 percent in fiscal year 2019, which ended Sept. 30.  The rest of the country, excluding New York, has been relatively stable, with denials going from 69 percent to 74 percent. That is, the rate of denials in the rest of the country increased by one-ninth, but in New York they almost trebled.  There are other courts where the rate of denials has shot up sharply over the same period: Newark, New Jersey (168 percent); Boston (147 percent); Philadelphia (118 percent). But because of the volume of its caseload, what’s happening in New York is driving the national trend against asylum. For now, in sheer numbers, New York judges still granted more asylum requests over the last year than those in San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Arlington, Virginia, the next three largest courts, combined. An analysis of federal data compiled by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University and interviews with former immigration judges, lawyers, immigrant advocates and experts finds multiple reasons for the sharp shift in the nation’s largest immigration court as compared to the rest of the country:—Many more migrants are coming to the New York court from Mexico and the “Northern Triangle” of El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala, and the judges have been far more likely to deny them asylum than in the past: from two out of five cases in the 2016 fiscal year to four out of five cases in the 2019 fiscal year.  —Many veteran New York judges retired, and most of the replacements have a prosecutorial, military, or immigration enforcement background. In the past, appointments were more mixed between former prosecutors and immigrant defenders. Immigration judges are appointed by the U.S. attorney general and work for the Justice Department, not the federal court system.  —All the judges are under heavier pressure from their Justice Department superiors to process cases more quickly, which gives asylum applicants little time to gather witnesses and supporting documents such as police reports. New judges, who are on two years of probation, are under particular pressure because numerical “benchmarks” for completing cases are a critical factor in employee evaluations. “You have a huge number of new hires in New York,” said Jeffrey Chase, a former New York immigration judge. “The new hires are mostly being chosen because they were former prosecutors. They’re normally of the background that this administration thinks will be statistically more likely to deny cases.”Judge Jeffrey L. Menkin, who presided in Ana’s case via video hookup, began hearing cases in March. He is based in Falls Church, Virginia, the home of the Executive Office of Immigration Review, the Justice Department agency that runs the immigration courts. He’d been a Justice Department lawyer since 1991, including the previous 12 years as senior counsel for national security for the Office of Immigration Litigation.Menkin can see only a portion of his New York courtroom on his video feed and as a result, he didn’t realize a Daily Beast reporter was present to watch him conduct an asylum hearing for a Guatemalan woman—we’ll call her Gloria—and her three young children, who were not present. Immigration and Customs Enforcement took Gloria into custody at the Mexican border in March. Released on bond, she made her way to New York and had an initial immigration court hearing on June 26, one of many cases on a crowded master calendar. She was scheduled for an individual hearing four months later. At the hearing scheduled three months later on the merits of her case, she decided to present an asylum defense to deportation. Her lawyer asked for a continuance—that is, a new hearing date—while his client waited to receive documentation she’d already requested from Guatemala. The papers were on the way, Gloria said.Judges in such cases—those that the Department of Homeland Security designates as “family unit”—have been directed to complete them within a year, which is about 15 months faster than the average case resolved for the year ending Sept. 30. Down the hall, other types of cases were being scheduled for 2023. Menkin called the lawyer’s unexpected request for a continuance “nonsense” and “malarkey” and asked: “Are you and your client taking this case seriously?” The judge then asked if Gloria was requesting a case-closing “voluntary departure,” a return to her homeland that would leave open the option she could apply again to enter the United States.‘Lawlessness’ in Immigration Jails for 250,000 Detainees Finally Allowed to Remain in AmericaBut Gloria had no intention of going back to Guatemala voluntarily.  So Menkin looked to the government’s lawyer: “DHS, do you want to jump into this cesspool?” The government lawyer objected to granting what would have been the first continuance in Gloria’s case.And so Menkin refused to re-schedule, telling Gloria and her lawyer that they had to go ahead right then if they wanted to present an asylum defense. Gloria began testifying about threats and beatings that stretched back a decade, beginning after a failed romance with a man who was influential in local politics. Details are being withheld to protect her identity. She finally fled, she said, when extortionists threatened to hurt her children if she didn’t make monthly payoffs that were beyond her means. When she observed that she and her children were being followed, she decided to leave. After she said she had gone to police three times, Menkin took over the questioning. “Are you familiar with the contents of your own asylum application?” he asked, pointedly.“No,” Gloria responded.Menkin said her asylum application stated she had gone to police once, rather than three times, as she’d just testified. Gloria explained that she had called in the information for the application to an assistant in her lawyer’s office, and didn’t know why it was taken down wrong. When her lawyer tried to explain, Menkin stopped him, raising his voice: “I did not ask you anything.”Later, Menkin came back to the discrepancy he’d picked up on. “I don’t know why,” Gloria responded.“All right, STOP,” Menkin told the woman, who cried through much of the two-hour hearing. Again, he sought to terminate the case, asking the DHS lawyer, “Do I have grounds to dismiss this now?”“I’m trying to be fair,” she replied.“We’re all trying to be fair,” Menkin said.And to be fair, it should be noted that since October 2018, the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) has been evaluating judges’ performance based on the numbers for case completions, timeliness of decisions and the percent of rulings upheld on appeal. “In essence, immigration judges are in the untenable position of being both sworn to uphold judicial standards of impartiality and fairness while being subject to what appears to be politically-motivated performance standards,” according to an American Bar Association report that assailed what it said were unprecedented “production quotas”  for judges. The pressure is especially strong on judges who, like Menkin, are new hires. They are probationary employees for two years.Denise Slavin, a former president of the National Association of Immigration Judges who retired from the bench in April after 24 years of service, said the judges’ union had tried to talk EOIR Director James McHenry out of his quotas. “It’s basically like the same problem with putting quotas on police officers for tickets,” she said. “It suggests bias and skews the system to a certain extent.” Told of the details of Gloria’s hearing, she added, “That’s a prime example of the pressure these quotas have on cases… the pressure to get it done right away.”Kathryn Mattingly, spokeswoman for the Executive Office of Immigration Review, said by email that she couldn’t comment on individual cases, but that all cases are handled on their individual merits. “Each asylum case is unique, with its own set of facts, evidentiary factors, and circumstances,” she wrote. “Asylum cases typically include complex legal and factual issues.”  She also said that Menkin could not comment: “Immigration judges do not give interviews.”It’s true that each asylum case has its own complex factors. But a 2016 study by the U.S. Government Accountability Office took many of them into account—the asylum seeker’s nationality, language, legal representation, detention status, number of dependents—and determined that there are big differences in how the same “representative applicant” will be treated from one court and one judge to another.  “We saw that grant rates varies very significantly across courts and also across judges,” said Rebecca Gambler, director of the GAO’s Homeland Security and Justice team.Some experts say that changes in the way the Justice Department has told immigration judges to interpret the law may be having an outsize effect in New York.Starting with Jeff Sessions, the Trump administration’s attorneys general have used their authority over immigration courts to narrow the judges’ discretion to grant asylum or, in their view, to clarify existing law. Asylum can be granted to those facing persecution because of “race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.” In June 2018, Sessions overturned a precedent that many judges in New York had been using to find that victims of domestic assaults or gang violence could be members of a “particular social group,” especially when police were complicit or helpless. Justice’s ruling in the Matter of A-B-, a Salvadoran woman, seems to have had a particular impact in New York.  “Where there’s a question about a ‘particular social group,’ judges in other parts of the country may have taken a narrower view” already, said Lindsay Nash, a professor at Cardozo Law School in New York and co-director of the Kathryn O. Greenberg Immigration Justice Clinic.Mauricio Noroña, a clinical teaching fellow at the same clinic, said new judges would be especially careful to follow the lead in the attorney general’s ruling.Andrew Arthur, a fellow at the Center for Immigration Studies in Washington and a former immigration judge in York, Pennsylvania, said Sessions’ decision in the Matter of A-B- would particularly affect Central American applicants, whose numbers have increased sharply in New York’s court. Data show that just 8.5 percent of the New York asylum cases were from Central America or Mexico in 2016; in the past year, 32.6 percent were. Arthur said a larger portion of the New York court’s asylum rulings in the past were for Chinese immigrants, whose arguments for refuge—persecution because of political dissent, religious belief, or the one-child policy—are fairly straightforward under U.S. asylum law. Although the number of Chinese applicants is still increasing, they have fallen as a portion of the New York caseload from 60 percent in 2016 to 28 percent in the past year. Sessions’ determination against A-B- is being challenged, and lawyers have been exploring other paths to asylum in the meantime. “It’s extremely complicated to prepare cases in this climate of changing law,” said Swapna Reddy, co-executive director of the Asylum Seeker Advocacy Project. But, she said, “That’s not to say advocates and judges can’t get back to that [higher] grant rate.”Gloria continued to cry; the DHS lawyer asked that she be given a tissue. The government lawyer’s cross-examination was comparatively gentle, but she questioned why Gloria didn’t move elsewhere within Guatemala and seek police protection. “He would find out before I even arrived at the police station,” she said of the man she feared. And, she added, “They’re always going to investigate and as for always being on the run, that’s no life for my kids.”In closing arguments, Gloria’s lawyer said his client had testified credibly and that she legitimately feared her tormentor’s influence. The DHS lawyer did not question Gloria’s credibility, but she said Gloria’s problem was personal, not political—that she could have moved to parts of Guatemala that were beyond the reach of the man’s political influence.Judge Menkin then declared a 20-minute recess so that he could compose his decision. In the interim, the lawyers discovered that a man sitting in one corner of the small courtroom was a reporter and, when the judge returned to the bench to rule, so informed him. Immigration court hearings are generally open to the public. There are special rules for asylum cases, however. The court’s practice manual says they “are open to the public unless the respondent expressly requests that they be closed.” “Oh, Jesus Christ!” Menkin shouted at the lawyers when he learned a reporter had been present for the hearing. “Don’t you people look around the room? What’s the matter with you?”After the judge expressed his alarm, the reporter was ejected with Gloria’s tearful assent, and so the basis for Judge Menkin’s ruling on Gloria’s asylum petition is not known. The outcome is, though: denied, 30 days to appeal. Read more at The Daily Beast.Get our top stories in your inbox every day. Sign up now!Daily Beast Membership: Beast Inside goes deeper on the stories that matter to you. 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    中美洲的火山健行-TATONKA Yukon 登山背包

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    瓜地馬拉的阿卡特南戈火山徒步旅行是一次難以置信的經歷。聆聽和觀看火山與岩漿噴發,令人驚艷,絕對值得一來。 攀爬阿卡特南戈火山需要艱苦跋涉,但卻令人有難以置信的回報。這是一個需要在山裡過一夜的冒險,那夜後,我會一直記得它的。 我對阿卡特南戈火山之旅感到非常緊張,因為我不習慣徒步旅行,但登山健行最棒的不是沿途的景點,而是當你到達山頂時的感覺,在雲層之上,這是一種不可思議的感覺。 —————以上,是專辦瓜地馬拉Antigua攀登火山旅行社的旅客評語。 ▼版主逸帆攀登上阿卡特南戈火山的營地,拍攝著不到二公里處的富埃戈火山縮時 此次逸帆32天的中美洲之旅,從巴拿馬轉機開始,一路往北移動,沿途各國有不同的景色值得去探訪,但在中美洲最不缺的就是火山(笑),為什麼這樣說呢?因為旅途中經過的哥斯大黎加、尼加拉瓜、宏都拉斯和薩爾瓦多等諸國,都有豐富的火山生態,但旅人們青春和旅行天數有限,若只能去一個火山,個人首推來自臺灣邦交國之一的瓜地馬拉。 出發前考量中美洲個人的旅行方式,需再較佳的移動彈性,所以捨棄行李箱,背起了Yukon50+10登山背包,還有隨身的Manfrotto攝影背包,在長途移動時,就前後背負。若單純只是城市/景點定點旅行,只要背包隨身包即可。 Yukon50+10公升的登山背包,重量:約為2.3公斤。 ▲出國時,版主會把登山背包拖運,一般來說拖運的重量,每次都在13公斤左右。但回國就很不一定了,還是要取決這國家好不好買。 . 攀登中美洲絕美火山群Acatenango 瓜地馬拉首都附近,車程只需三四十分鐘就可以到達被聯合國教科文組織列入世界文化遺產的安地瓜(Antigua)老城,曾作為西班牙瓜地馬拉殖民地,並保存當時大量的巴洛克式建築而聞名。 散步在這老城的石板路上非常地舒服(但開車或拖行李箱走在上面,並不會讓你太愉快),然而你在城鎮上任何一處,只要抬頭幾乎都可以看到附近的火山群,包括AGUA(水火山)、Fuego(富埃戈火山) 以及Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山)。其中富埃戈是個活火山,拜訪的那幾日,經常可以見到火山口冒煙或噴煙的景色,相當地吸晴。 ▲安地瓜市區就可以看到富埃戈火山不時噴煙的景色。 來到安地瓜其實就是為了這一座活火山而來,也約好了正在中美洲旅行的朋友,一起在這城市集合,一起來攀登火山。旅途中只要有來過安地瓜的旅行者,特別是年輕人,幾乎都會去參加二天一夜的火山行程。這裡專辦火山行程的業者滿多的,很容易在路邊問到資料,甚至住宿飯店青旅就可以報名。 行程大致上,在早上的九點出發,十點開始在山腰處開始攀爬,我們爬的是Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山),這座火山標高是海拔3,976公尺,我一直以為是從3000多公尺開始爬,無痛看風景,但到了登山口,聽完登山導遊的介紹,我就有點頭暈。不好意思,是從2,450公尺開始爬,要爬到約3,600的營地過夜,然後隔日一早四點攻頂3,976海拔去看日出。 行程是包三餐和翌日的早餐,但規定每人要背四公升的水,其中一公升的水,是背到營地後要交出來的?是晚餐和宵夜煮飯所需。 Yukon50+10經典專業登山背包 考量到要背負太多器材上山,於是捨棄背攝影包,改Yukon登山背包(這本來就是專業的登山包,當然是要背它)。來自德國的TATONKA戶外裝備,牌識別LOGO以北美野牛(BISON)為設計,我的這一咖背包為Yukon50+10公升的重量約2.3公斤,雖然比一般背包重量來說,但高性能的揹負系統,強韌且耐用的特色,能應付各種戶外使用情境! 50+10公升,讓容量收納更有彈性。 對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊!不過為了記錄這美景,我帶了空拍機/GoPro/單眼相機加二顆鏡頭/三腳架/二支手機上山,對了,還有4公升的水。 也是帶了這麼多的「雜物」,所以更需要一個背負系統好的登山背包,然而;Yukon50+10有幾項可依個人身高與舒適應,來調整的個人化設計。如同多數的大型登山背包,Yukon可將結構分為底層、主袋及頂袋(主袋與底袋間有拉鍊隔層),其中兩條中空的鋁製支架,可將背負重量轉移到臀部,3D結構的臀帶,增強對髖骨的包覆性/胸帶可調整高度,背包外部吊掛系統,可支援登山杖與冰斧固定環。背包的前、後提把,相當的實用,讓提背包時,力量更平均地分配。 Yukon背包整個材質非常強韌(畢竟是德國貨),就算不是把它背去登山,對於旅行背包族群也相當方便,版主搭飛機時,拖運了十幾次,Yukon50+10目前都沒有問題,就算表面用髒,也相當地好清洗。 ▼對此包有興趣的朋友,可以看看官網影片,會更清楚 ▲德國TATONKAYukon經典專業登山背包(官網介紹) 參加此次火山健行活動剛好是十二月底,很多國家正在放長假,我們這一團有來自歐洲、北美、南美、亞洲和大洋洲共21人參加這行程,現在果然是放大假期間,旅行者一下子就漫佈在安地瓜的街頭。 常常在這團體聽到英文、德文、法語、西班牙文和葡萄牙文,但共通點是大部份的人都滿會西班牙文,連二個從美國來的旅行者都會是怎麼回事? 從海拔2,450公尺開始爬山,一路到山頂3,976公尺,健行在不同的高度落差,帶來的視野及生態環境皆不相同,非常棒地感受。 而且這裡的日夜溫差很大,早上二十幾度,晚上約在零度,聽其他旅人分享,晚上有時會到零下五度,並且我們住在帳棚,不得不多背些保暖衣褲上山,要不然冷起來,根本睡不著覺。 ▲沿途中山色相當地美 ▲同行的20人,要找到人當「點景」相當容易 ▲山中轉個彎,上了三仟公尺,山下就是滿滿地雲,完全是漫步在雲端的概念(照片遠方即是水火山) ▼▲一群人登山有說有笑,時間也過比較快 ▲首日健行到基地營,包含休息吃飯時間,大約要四到五小時的腳程。(重點是帳篷是已紮好的,固定在這裡,所以不用自己來,呼~~好險) 眼前就是Fuego(富埃戈火山) ▲Yukon50+10彈性側袋,帶著保溫瓶,隨時補充水份 ▲來到營地休憩,最美妙的是正對著活躍的富埃戈火山,它不時的發出聲音與噴煙 ▲火山下的雲海也相當地迷人,使用長焦段鏡頭拍攝特寫 ▼▲夕陽一下子就來臨了,大夥穿上了外套,坐靠在山邊,看著火山,望著夕陽,踏著雲海,贊嘆與感受當下的美好時光。 夕陽一下子就沒入了雲海之中,黑暗悄悄地接手上場,氣溫也開始驟降 我們圍成一團,溝著營火取著暖話家常 不遠處的富埃戈火山依舊不時的噴發冒煙,但在夜幕來臨後,原來白天所見的白煙,其實是夾帶著岩漿,火紅並炙熱,在黑幕下展現她的華麗姿態,令所有人有幸一睹她的樣貌,並驚呼連連。 那天夜裡,我們就吃著聊著還不時伴著火山噴發聲與火炎秀,結束了這一回合。 請問你是要早上四點起床攻頂?還是四點半?登山嚮導問著大夥。 若只是爬一個小時就攻頂,為什麼要這麼早上去被風打臉?於是我選擇了四點半,其實85%的人都選擇了四點半,但你若走比較慢體力不夠的話,可以早點出發。 其實我與旅伴本來就不堅持到山頂上看日出,反正半路也看得到,但事實證明,我們爬到還要再等個二十分鐘,日出才出來。時間抓得剛剛好。 阿卡特南戈火山頂上,可以看到完全不同的景色,我要收回試圖說服自己不在山頂看日出的那段話。在這裡看日出,真的是美呆了,滿滿地雲海,遠方城鎮在雲霧之中,隱隱顯現,超適合拍所謂攝影人的琉璃光照片,但我沒有帶三腳架(覺得爬山好累),只帶了一機一鏡的相機和保溫瓶, 當時只想攤在山頂上。 山裡的光陰變化快速,從明暗到色彩多重改變,當下雖冷,但所有人都覺得很滿足。 一旁的富埃戈火山還不時的噴發,帶來最佳的點綴。 ▼▲日出一出來後,大夥就緩緩地下山,往營地走去。沿途中的景色依舊美侖美奐,特別是剛剛摸黑上山,根本只有黑壓壓的一片。現在卻被給予最美麗的光影色彩。 下山只要半個小時就回到了營地,這時也來到了大白天 ▼▲回程的路上,不同的同行旅伴們,也更熟悉了,不過他們都很細心地跟我要照片,覺得細心 HikingvolcanodeFuego,Guatemala 二天一夜的富埃戈火山行程,真的很值得一來,跟衣索比亞那一座火山完全不一樣 (但最重要的是衣索比亞那一座無痛就可爬到)。推薦給愛健行的朋友們。 下山立馬入住四星級飯店泡澡耍廢,期待下一站的旅程。 ▼ 下山來到四星級飯店門口,連行李都不想再拿了XD
              

    攀登中美洲絕美火山群 Acatenango

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    阿卡特南戈火山徒步旅行是一次難以置信的經歷。聆聽和觀看火山與岩漿噴發,令人驚艷,絕對值得一來。 攀爬阿卡特南戈火山需要艱苦跋涉,但卻令人有難以置信的回報。這是一個需要在山裡過一夜的冒險,那夜後,我會一直記得它的。 我對阿卡特南戈火山之旅感到非常緊張,因為我不習慣徒步旅行,但登山健行最棒的不是沿途的景點,而是當你到達山頂時的感覺,在雲層之上,這是一種不可思議的感覺。 —————以上,是專辦瓜地馬拉Antigua攀登火山旅行社的旅客評語。 ▼版主逸帆攀登上阿卡特南戈火山的營地,拍攝著不到二公里處的富埃戈火山縮時 32天的中美洲之旅,從巴拿馬轉機開始,一路往北移動,沿途各國有不同的景色值得去探訪,但在中美洲最不缺的就是火山(笑),為什麼這樣說呢?因為旅途中經過的哥斯大黎加、尼加拉瓜、宏都拉斯和薩爾瓦多等諸國,都有豐富的火山生態,但旅人們青春和旅行天數有限,若只能去一個火山,個人首推來自臺灣邦交國之一的瓜地馬拉。 瓜地馬拉首都附近,車程只需三四十分鐘就可以到達被聯合國教科文組織列入世界文化遺產的安地瓜(Antigua)老城,曾作為西班牙瓜地馬拉殖民地,並保存當時大量的巴洛克式建築而聞名。 散步在這老城的石板路上非常地舒服(但開車或拖行李箱走在上面,並不會讓你太愉快),然而你在城鎮上任何一處,只要抬頭幾乎都可以看到附近的火山群,包括AGUA(水火山)、Fuego(富埃戈火山) 以及Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山)。其中富埃戈是個活火山,拜訪的那幾日,經常可以見到火山口冒煙或噴煙的景色,相當地吸晴。 ▲安地瓜市區就可以看到富埃戈火山不時噴煙的景色。 來到安地瓜其實就是為了這一座活火山而來,也約好了正在中美洲旅行的朋友,一起在這城市集合,一起來攀登火山。旅途中只要有來過安地瓜的旅行者,特別是年輕人,幾乎都會去參加二天一夜的火山行程。這裡專辦火山行程的業者滿多的,很容易在路邊問到資料,甚至住宿飯店青旅就可以報名。 行程大致上,在早上的九點出發,十點開始在山腰處開始攀爬,我們爬的是Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山),這座火山標高是海拔3,976公尺,我一直以為是從3000多公尺開始爬,無痛看風景,但到了登山口,聽完登山導遊的介紹,我就有點頭暈。不好意思,是從2,450公尺開始爬,要爬到約3,600的營地過夜,然後隔日一早四點攻頂3,976海拔去看日出。 行程是包三餐和翌日的早餐,但規定每人要背四公升的水,其中一公升的水,是背到營地後要交出來的?是晚餐和宵夜煮飯所需。 參加此活動剛好是十二月底,很多國家正在放長假,我們這一團有來自歐洲、北美、南美、亞洲和大洋洲共21人參加這行程,現在果然是放大假期間,旅行者一下子就漫佈在安地瓜的街頭。 常常在這團體聽到英文、德文、法語、西班牙文和葡萄牙文,但共通點是大部份的人都滿會西班牙文,連二個從美國來的旅行者都會是怎麼回事? 從海拔2,450公尺開始爬山,一路到山頂3,976公尺,健行在不同的高度落差,帶來的視野及生態環境皆不相同,非常棒地感受。 ▲對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊!為了記錄這美景,我帶了空拍機/GoPro/單眼相機加二顆鏡頭/三腳架/二支手機上山,對了,還有4公升的水。 而且這裡的日夜溫差很大,早上二十幾度,晚上約在零度,聽其他旅人分享,晚上有時會到零下五度,並且我們住在帳棚,不得不多背些保暖衣褲上山,要不然冷起來,根本睡不著覺。 ▲沿途中山色相當地美 ▲同行的20人,要找到人當「點景」相當容易 ▲山中轉個彎,上了三仟公尺,山下就是滿滿地雲,完全是漫步在雲端的概念(照片遠方即是水火山) ▲首日健行到基地營,包含休息吃飯時間,大約要四到五小時的腳程。(重點是帳篷是已紮好的,固定在這裡,所以不用自己來,呼~~好險) ▲喔~我的背包除了攝影器材和零食外,啊~還有四公升的水,我也帶了保溫瓶和悶燒罐,保溫瓶不用多說,台灣人出門最愛帶的物品之一,環保又方便,隨時可喝上熱水或自己想泡的飲品。 然而;悶燒罐是去年在北歐待了一個月,高物價讓人吃不消,所以有了它,可以省些外食費用,並且可以煮自己喜歡的食材(特別是白飯或粥) ▲來到營地休憩,最美妙的是正對著活躍的富埃戈火山,它不時的發出聲音與噴煙 ▲對面著火山美景,這時你需要來一杯熱騰騰的湯品 ▲火山下的雲海也相當地迷人,使用長焦段鏡頭拍攝特寫 ▼▲夕陽一下子就來臨了,大夥穿上了外套,坐靠在山邊,看著火山,望著夕陽,踏著雲海,贊嘆與感受當下的美好時光。 夕陽一下子就沒入了雲海之中,黑暗悄悄地接手上場,氣溫也開始驟降 我們圍成一團,溝著營火取著暖話家常 不遠處的富埃戈火山依舊不時的噴發冒煙,但在夜幕來臨後,原來白天所見的白煙,其實是夾帶著岩漿,火紅並炙熱,在黑幕下展現她的華麗姿態,令所有人有幸一睹她的樣貌,並驚呼連連。 那天夜裡,我們就吃著聊著還不時伴著火山噴發聲與火炎秀,結束了這一回合。 請問你是要早上四點起床攻頂?還是四點半?登山嚮導問著大夥。 若只是爬一個小時就攻頂,為什麼要這麼早上去被風打臉?於是我選擇了四點半,其實85%的人都選擇了四點半,但你若走比較慢體力不夠的話,可以早點出發。 其實我與旅伴本來就不堅持到山頂上看日出,反正半路也看得到,但事實證明,我們爬到還要再等個二十分鐘,日出才出來。時間抓得剛剛好。 阿卡特南戈火山頂上,可以看到完全不同的景色,我要收回試圖說服自己不在山頂看日出的那段話。在這裡看日出,真的是美呆了,滿滿地雲海,遠方城鎮在雲霧之中,隱隱顯現,超適合拍所謂攝影人的琉璃光照片,但我沒有帶三腳架(覺得爬山好累),只帶了一機一鏡的相機和保溫瓶, 當時只想攤在山頂上。 山裡的光陰變化快速,從明暗到色彩多重改變,當下雖冷,但所有人都覺得很滿足。 一旁的富埃戈火山還不時的噴發,帶來最佳的點綴。 ▼▲日出一出來後,大夥就緩緩地下山,往營地走去。沿途中的景色依舊美侖美奐,特別是剛剛摸黑上山,根本只有黑壓壓的一片。現在卻被給予最美麗的光影色彩。 下山只要半個小時就回到了營地,這時也來到了大白天 喝上一口溫熱水,吃著早餐補充體力,在溝火之中取個暖,約在半個小時後,就準備下山。 下山前,我用了保溫瓶與悶燒罐裝了瓜地安拉火山的空氣,聽說現在純淨的空氣正夯。 ▼▲回程的路上,不同的同行旅伴們,也更熟悉了,不過他們都很細心地跟我要照片,覺得細心 HikingvolcanodeFuego,Guatemala 二天一夜的富埃戈火山完成回到安地瓜市區,對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,再次提醒沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊! 這火山真的很值得一來,跟衣索比亞那一座火山完全不一樣 (但最重要的是衣索比亞那一座無痛就可爬到)。推薦給愛健行的朋友們。 下山立馬入住四星級飯店泡澡耍廢,期待下一站的旅程。
              

    Guatemalan who killed 4 in 2008 Cottonwood, Minn., bus crash arrested

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    Ex-felon, deported after 8 years in prison, found living in Inver Grove Heights.
              

    Transportamos 15 turbinas eólicas de Puerto Quetzal a Agua Blanca, Guatemala

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    Transporte turbinas eólicas
    Transportamos 15 turbinas eólicas para la creación de un parque eólico en Guatemala por una empresa eólica hispano-alemana.
              

    Understanding socio-economic aspects of adoption and effects of Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices in Guatemala

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    Understanding socio-economic aspects of adoption and effects of Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices in Guatemala Howland, Fanny C.; Arora, Diksha; Bonilla-Findji, Osana; Andrieu, Nadine Using a case study of a Climate-Smart Village (CSV) in Guatemala, this study presents an integrated methodological framework to better understand the adoption of Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices, gender-disaggregated motivations, and constraints in smallholder farming communities. It uses a mixed-method approach, using quantitative data gathered thought the ICT based CSV Monitoring Plan and complement and qualitative data from focus group discussions with men and women farmers as well as semi-structured interviews.
              

    Freedom of Information Act Request Regarding Asylum Negotiations Between the U.S. and Guatemala

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    The American Immigration Council filed Freedom of Information Act requests with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of State (DOS) seeking information regarding the signing of an "Asylum Cooperative Agreement" with Guatemala.

    The requests seek information about the signing of this agreement, as well as the process by which the U.S. government will evaluate the Guatemalan asylum system prior to sending asylum seekers to that country.

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    Wednesday, September 18, 2019
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    Earthquakes

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    Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global 5.6 earthquake hits offshore Guatemala. 5.5 earthquake hits south of Fiji. 5.4 earthquake hits the Banda Sea. 5.3 earthquake hits the Chagas Archipelago. 5.3 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands. 5.1 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.
              

    IL CAMMINO DISTORCE ALLA RADICE IL DISCORSO DI PAOLO VI DEL 1977

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    Cercando i discorsi dei Papi sul Cammino Neocatecumenale a partire da Paolo VI, che conosceva zero questo movimento, mi sono imbattuta in una cosa INAUDITA, per pura serendipità.

    Sul sito web neocatecumenale neocatechumenaleiter.org, viene riportato come fatto da Paolo VI un discorso all’udienza generale del 12 gennaio 1977, totalmente falsificato, distorto e “neocatecumenalizzato”.
    NULLA A CHE VEDERE, MA PROPRIO NULLA, COL DISCORSO RIPORTATO INVECE SUL SITO WEB UFFICIALE DEL VATICANO.
    Se il titolo della pagina neocatecumenale fosse stato chiaro nel far intendere che il discorso riportato era da loro unilateralmente MODIFICATO, trasformato e “precisato”, non vi avrei proposto queste considerazioni.

    Invece l'introduzione data dai kikos è proprio questa: “Il Papa Paolo VI alle Comunità Neocatecumenali 12-1-1977” - Durante l’Udienza generale di mercoledì 12 gennaio, il Santo Padre San Paolo VI ha pronunciato il seguente discorso...
    E presenta un testo che sarebbe stato “pronunciato dal Santo Padre (San) Paolo VI durante quell’udienza generale”.

    Sappiamo tutti che nelle udienze generali del mercoledì il Papa parla a tutta l’assemblea dei fedeli in modo generale e non si sognerebbe MAI di dedicare un’intera udienza ad elogiare o approfondire un movimento in particolare, dato che l’udienza generale è generale, per l’appunto, proprio perché si riferisce ad una “generalità” di fedeli, a tutta la Chiesa.

    Vediamo come sul sito neocatecumenale è stato DISTORTO il discorso di Paolo VI.
    Ma credevano davvero che prima o poi qualcuno non se ne accorgesse? Mentire è un conto, ma mentire su certe cose, mettendo in bocca ad un Papa cose che non ha mai detto, è INAUDITO.
    Dannata impudenza!

    Qui sotto il discorso riportato dal sito vaticano.
    Evidenziazioni e grassetti sono nostri.
    Facciamo anzitutto notare che «un gruppo» di neocatecumenali è stato solo l'occasione per parlare d'altro, di qualcosa che vale per tutti i cristiani (i neocat non hanno mica l'esclusiva dello Spirito).

    Dopo il battesimo

    La presenza a questa Udienza d’un gruppo, notevole per numero e per dignità di partecipanti [ndr. si riferisce alla dignità episcopale, cioè ai vescovi, naturalmente: segue poi una virgola e quindi anche la menzione delle comunità neocat], di appartenenti alle «Comunità neocatecumenali» ci offre l’occasione di richiamare l’attenzione dei nostri visitatori e di quanti si collegano all’ascoltazione di questa nostra familiare parola, su due avvenimenti della Chiesa cattolica...
    [...] Siamo dunque in una fase apostolica, missionaria, didattica quanto mai accentuata nella vita della Chiesa; tutti vi dobbiamo essere impegnati: la edificazione del Corpo mistico di Cristo sulla terra, che è la nostra Chiesa presente, è dovere d’ogni credente (Cfr. Lumen Gentium, 33).

    In questa visione è chiaro, è auspicabile che si vengano moltiplicando gli sforzi per attuare questo immenso e urgente programma: evangelizzare, catechizzare; e si assiste alla fioritura di opere e di mezzi per dare all’annuncio del messaggio evangelico la sua migliore diffusione [ndr. non del Cammino ma in generale]...


    E poi diremo che coloro che con cuore semplice e generoso si mettono al servizio dell’evangelizzazione subiscono, certo per un segreto ma immancabile carisma dello Spirito Santo, una metamorfosi psicologica e morale caratteristica, quella che trasforma le difficoltà in stimoli, i pericoli in attrattive, le sconfitte stesse in titoli di merito e quindi di pace serena.

    Adesso possiamo comprendere anche la testimonianza che i nostri odierni visitatori ci offrono: essa si svolge intorno al cardine della vita cristiana che è il battesimo, il sacramento della rigenerazione cristiana, il quale deve ritornare ad essere ciò che era nella coscienza e nel costume delle prime generazioni del cristianesimo [ndr. sta parlando in linea di principio, le stesse cose si possono dire a chiunque consideri sul serio il proprio battesimo]. La prassi e la norma della Chiesa hanno introdotto la santa abitudine di conferire il battesimo ai neonati, lasciando che il rito battesimale concentrasse liturgicamente la preparazione che, ai primi tempi, quando la società era profondamente pagana, precedeva il battesimo, e che era detto catecumenato. Ma nell’ambiente sociale di oggi questo metodo ha bisogno d’essere integrato da una istruzione, da una iniziazione allo stile di vita proprio del cristiano, successiva al battesimo, cioè da un’assistenza religiosa, da un allenamento pratico alla fedeltà cristiana, da un inserimento effettivo nella comunità dei credenti, che è la Chiesa.

    Ecco la rinascita del nome «catecumenato», che certamente non vuole invalidare né sminuire l’importanza della disciplina battesimale vigente, ma la vuole applicare con un metodo di evangelizzazione graduale e intensivo, che ricorda e rinnova in certo modo il catecumenato d’altri tempi. (ndr. Il “catecumenato” non è proprio del Cammino Neocatecumenale, ma è una prassi di lunga tradizione descritto nel documento noto come OICA; il Santo Padre lo sa e quindi parla di catecumenato in senso generico).

    Chi è stato battezzato ha bisogno di capire, di ripensare, di apprezzare, di assecondare l’inestimabile fortuna del sacramento ricevuto. E noi siamo lieti di vedere che questo bisogno oggi è compreso dalle strutture ecclesiastiche istituzionali e fondamentali, le Parrocchie. Si prospetta così una catechesi successiva a quella che il Battesimo non ha avuto; la «pastorale degli adulti», come oggi si dice, viene delineando, crea nuovi metodi e nuovi programmi; poi nuovi ministeri sussidiari sostengono la più esigente assistenza del Sacerdote e del Diacono nell’insegnamento e nella partecipazione alla liturgia; nuove forme di carità, di cultura e di solidarietà sociale accrescono la vitalità della comunità cristiana e ne fanno di fronte al mondo la difesa, l’apologia, l’attrattiva.(ndr. E qui è chiaro che non si riferisce al Cammino Neocatecumenale, dove “carità” e “solidarietà sociale” sono sempre state parole sconosciute).

    Con la nostra Apostolica Benedizione. (ndr. A tutti i presenti, non solo al Cammino Neocatecumenale)

    Confrontiamo ora quanto pubblicato su neocatechumenaleiter.org ed attribuito alle parole di Papa Paolo VI, con gli errori di scrittura lasciati come da testo.
    Anche qui le evidenziazioni e i grassetti sono nostri.
    In giallo le affermazioni contenute nell’originale della Santa Sede.
    In verde tutte le aggiunte e le modificazioni neocatecumenali.
    In celeste le nostre considerazioni.

    (ndr. Se si chiama “San” Paolo VI, dà da pensare che questa pubblicazione non sia contestuale dell’epoca, quando Paolo VI era vivo e non era ancora Santo)

    «Siate tutti salutati “in nomine Domini”. Nonostante che la stagione, siamo nel cuore dell’inverno, non sia propizia ai pellegrinaggi, alle escursioni, alle visite, alle riunioni, tuttavia Noi siamo lieti di salutare ancora la nostra sala che SI FA ONORE con la presenza così copiosa di visitatori che adesso nomineremo. (ndr. Il Papa, nella sua sala “si fa onore” della presenza dei visitatori che nominerà. Non sono i visitatori ad essere “onorati” della presenza del Papa).

    Sappiate che vi salutiamo tutti veramente con la coscienza di essere relatori, di essere trasmettitori di una benedizione che ci trascende, cioè di essere dei rappresentanti, dei ministri di una grazia del Signore che vorremmo a tutti comunicare, e comunicare proprio con un senso di quella unione, di quella carità, di quella fusione di spirito, di quella unità che ci distingue per la nostra fede e per la fortuna che abbiamo tutti di appartenere al Corpo mistico di Cristo. (ndr. Questo mi sa che serve a “dimostrare” che anche il Cammino Neocatecumenale appartiene “al Corpo mistico di Cristo). A tutti il Nostro saluto benedicente. Accompagneremo poi con le nostre preghiere e con il ricordo spirituale il momento che voi, visitandoci, Ci procurate vera felicità di essere insieme e di essere con Cristo. 

    I saluti: abbiamo, con il Nostro grande piacere e con Nostra commozione, un gruppo di Vescovi particolari, i quali saluteremo, per non prolungare troppo questa prefazione alla Nostra udienza, poi a parte nella sala attigua . . .(ndr. Un “gruppo di vescovi "particolari"? E davanti a loro il Papa si “commuove”? Un po’ come fece Morcillo quando andò nelle baracche… ma fanno proprio commuovere tutti, ‘sti neocatecumenali! Inoltre si capisce bene che nella sala attigua saranno salutati solo “i vescovi particolari”, non tutti i camminanti).

    Perchè sappiate almeno l’origine di questi Vescovi e l’importanza di questo gruppo di altri nostri fratelli nell’episcopato, che abbiamo oggi l’onore di avere con Noi, leggeremo, come Ci è suggerito, la provenienza: abbiamo due Vescovi del Messico, abbiamo un Vescovo di EI Salvador, di Guatemala, dell’Honduras, della Repubblica Dominicana, poi due Vescovi del Brasile, dell’Ecuador, del Perù, dell’Uruguay, delle Filippine, abbiamo un Vescovo dell’Inghilterra, uno della Spagna e uno del Portogallo; e alcuni altri d’Italia, che sono l’Arcivescovo di Rossano, poi il Vescovo di Sarzana e Brugnato, Macerata e Tolentino, di Fabriano, di Rieti, di Teramo, Crotone, e finalmente di Piazza Armerina. (ndr. e qui mi sbellico dalle risate: l’impronta neocatecumenale è inconfondibile. Il Papa fa le presentazioni come Kiko!? Ad un’udienza generale nomina i “vescovi particolari” ad uno ad uno! Ma come si fa… Addirittura direbbe: “l’importanza di questo gruppo che abbiamo oggi l’onore di avere con noi!” Maddai… E chi glielo ha “suggerito” di leggere la provenienza? Kiko?).

    E’ un’udienza che HA VERAMENTE UN CARATTERE CATTOLICO (ndr. Casomai qualcuno fosse in dubbio, meglio precisare… A proposito: le altre udienze generali del Papa non avevano carattere cattolico? Questa lo ha VERAMENTE, le altre per finta?) per non dire ecumenico, ma cattolico vuol dire di più perchè è una perfezione già completa e già consumata, e quindi Noi salutiamo tutti questi confratelli, cerchiamo di leggere nel loro cuore il motivo della loro venuta e di corrispondere con tutta la nostra simpatia, col nostro incoraggiamento anche a questo loro atto tanto significativo del loro ministero. (ndr. Quale sarebbe l’ “atto significativo del loro ministero? Essere in rappresentanza del Cammino Neocatecumenale o essere vescovi? Perché se fosse per essere vescovi, che significato ha “simpatia ed incoraggiamento”? Ad un vescovo ci si rivolge così? “Ciao, sono il Papa, ti mostro simpatia ed incoraggiamento”…)

    Accompagnano il GRANDE GRUPPO che adesso nomineremo subito (ndr. il Papa freme per nominare “subito” questo “Grande Gruppo”, non vi preoccupate…), e per il quale ABBIAMO RISERVATO la piccola allocuzione che siamo soliti tenere nelle Udienze generali. (ndr. La “piccola allocuzione c’è, ma è veramente vaga e minuscola, non è questo pappardellone neocatecumenale. Anche da qui si evince che non può essere stato il Papa a parlare: non avrebbe mai tediato i presenti così a lungo, come di regola i Papi non hanno MAI fatto). RIPETO, (ndr. Il Papa “ripete”, casomai non si fosse capita l’importanza del Cammino Neocatecumenale nel 1977) questi Vescovi siano tutti da Noi salutati, E STAREI PER DIRE, ABBRACCIATI; SIAMO TANTO UNITI di più per la loro presenza nel dare omaggio alla nostra Santa Chiesa, nell’onorare Gesù Cristo, nell’avere l’ansia dell’apostolato, di attingere le anime quali sono oggi nel mondo, e nella loro speranza comune che dura nel tempo e trascende il tempo, per l’escatologia finale dell’incontro visibile e pieno con Nostro Signor Gesù Cristo. (ndr. tutti questi elogi per i vescovi neocatecumenali).

    A loro, il Nostro RIVERENTE RINGRAZIAMENTO per la loro partecipazione a questa udienza, il Nostro aiuto e la Nostra benedizione che vuol arrivare anche, carissimi confratelli nell’Episcopato, alle vostre Diocesi rispettive, e sappiate davvero che la preghiera, l’augurio, la speranza comune in Cristo accompagna questi nostri voti. .

    Adesso, dunque, salutiamo innanzi tutto il GRANDE GRUPPO che fa la parte principale di questa udienza – e ne diremo poi qualche cosa -: sono parroci e missionari laici della comunità neo-catecumenale. Sono provenienti da diversi Paesi e, come vedete, sono componenti una comunità molto varia – sacerdoti, religiosi, laici, ecc. – e a tutti diamo un cordiale benvenuto. Diremo poi alcune parole per questa occasione e per lo scopo che li riunisce e li fa professanti la loro fede NELLA CHIESA, e infine la Nostra particolare benedizione. RIPETIAMO, COMUNITÀ NEO-CATECUMENALI DI PAESI E DI DIVERSI CONTINENTI. (ndr. il Papa ripete ancora, si vede che vuol vendere bene il prodotto, fosse stato davvero il Papa. Ma chi è che mette parole in bocca al Papa per vendere bene il prodotto?).

    Salutiamo adesso il GRUPPO PRINCIPALE, dando loro quel PICCOLO REGALO, diciamo, che Noi siamo soliti dare nella Nostra udienza generale, cioè una parola, una parola che vorrebbe essere poi soggetto di meditazione, di riflessione, se non altro di prova della nostra simpatia per chi la ascolta. (ndr. Quinta volta che il Papa “saluta” il “Gruppo Principale”… Seguite bene, poi alla fine dell’articolo viene la BATTUTA, poveri neocatecumenali, che miseria! Poi il Papa dà ai neocatecumenali un “piccolo regalo”, prassi assolutamente neocatecumenale, come quando danno i santini dei “santoni”, i libri (a pagamento)… Ed il regalo che il Papa dà ai neocatecumenali cos’è? UNA PAROLA, prova della “nostra” simpatia per chi ascolta, cioè anche per i non neocatecumenali presenti all’udienza generale).

    “La presenza, diciamo, a questa udienza di un gruppo, notevole per numero - siete quasi tutti voi - 
    e per dignità dei partecipanti  - i vostri DIRIGENTI e soprattutto il gruppo di Vescovi CHE AVETE PORTATO CON VOI - di appartenenti alle comunità neo-catecumenali,Ci offre l’occasione di richiamare l’attenzione dei nostri visitatori e di quanti si cOlleganoall’ascoltazione di questa nostra familiare parola, intanto su due avvenimenti della Chiesa Cattolica, e cioè sul Sinodo dell’Episcopato del 1974,che ebbe per tema allora l’evangelizzazionel’evangelizzazione nel nostro tempo, COME SI FA ADESSO A PROPAGARE IL VANGELO: questo fu il tema del Sinodo del ’74, (ndr. Ma ve lo immaginate il Papa che per spiegare l’evangelizzazione dice “come si fa adesso a propagare il Vangelo?” Nemmeno “ad annunziare”, proprio a “propagare, la fissa dei neocatecumenali) che diede materia alla Nostra successiva Esortazione apostolica “Evagelii Nuntiandi”, che fu pubblicata l’8 dicembre del ’75.

     “Se avessimo la VELLEITÀ DI FAR LA RÉCLAME ai Nostri documenti, vorremmo quasi raccomandarvelo, perchè è tanto denso, è tanto tributario a tutto quello che i Vescovi hanno detto nel Sinodo. Ho cercato di interpretare, di raccogliere tutte le loro idee, di ordinarle e di renderle accessibili in linguaggio il più semplice possibile, ma anche il più importante e chiaro possibile, che ci fa arditi, ripeto, a raccomandarlo a voi e specialmente che volete essere i neocatecumenali, che volete, cioè, DARE ISTRUZIONE, evangelizzazione a queste GRANDI SCHIERE DI POPOLI CHE RIUSCITE AD AVVICINARE.”(ndr. Ma come? La raccomandazione ad attenersi alle risultanze di un Sinodo il Papa la chiama “velleità di far la réclame”? Ma stiamo scherzando…)
    Credo che sarebbe buono per voi e buono per i vostri allievi, PER I VOSTRI DISCEPOLI. Fra due Sinodi: quello della “Evangelizzazione”, come evangelizzare oggi; 

    II secondo avvenimento, invece, è ancora futuro, e cioè avrà luogo quest’anno, a cominciare dal 30 settembre: l’altro Sinodo dell’Episcopato.Avremo qui circa duecento Vescovi che vengono da tutte la parti del mondo, nominati dalle rispettive Conferenze episcopali. Quale sarà il tema? II tema riprende quello della evangelizzazione sotto un altro aspetto, cioè quello del “catechismo”; come si insegna la religione specialmente ai fanciulli, ai ragazzi, alla gioventù e anche agli uomini maturi, in questa stagione della nostra civiltà; e come si diventa maestri di catechismo. Sono i Vescovi che hanno voluto questo tema, lo riprenderemo e lo svilupperemo; questo per dire come voi catecumenali siete d’attualità. quello della “Catechesi”: come catechizzare i giovani e gli adulti in questa epoca Attualità del neocatecumenato...

    Quante volte, facendo l’esame della storia che ha passato e ha caratterizzato i periodi della storia della Chiesa, si dice: “Ma di che cosa si occupavano?” O c’era la guerra fra i tali stati o c’erano davvero le tali questioni dogmatiche ecc., che interessavano sé e no l’opinione pubblica e l’apostolato pastorale. (ndr. Può un Papa in un’udienza dire queste cose, con questo linguaggio diretto e semplificato?).

    La Chiesa è ritornata sopra le sue funzioni e i suoi doveri pastorali, e il primo dovere pastorale è quello di annunciare il Vangelo e andare incontro al mondo e dire: `Guarda, io ti porto il messaggio, il messaggio che GLI ANGELI HANNO PORTATO ALLA TERRA’: `Gloria a Dio e pace in terra’, e poi il messaggio di Cristo, annunciare il Vangelo, cioè la parola buona insegnataci da Gesù Cristo. (ndr. Il Papa direbbe che la Chiesa, che aveva abbandonato le sue funzioni e i suoi doveri, oggi vi è ritornata sopra, possibile? Potrebbe anche pensarlo, ma non lo direbbe mai)

    La Chiesa torna sopra le sue funzioni: annunciare il Vangelo al mondo Questa coscienza, RIPETO, è vigile e operante nella Chiesa di oggi, e la impegna tutta –quello che è anche tanto bello– i ministri, cioè Vescovi, sacerdoti, religiosi, religiose, ecc. e fedeli! I fedeli stessi diventano voce che deve propagare questo messaggio; il messaggio dell’annuncio evangelico che oggi più che mai è degno di essere annunciato per due titoli CHE SEMBRANO CONTRADDITORI
    Uno, dobbiamo annunciarlo PERCHÈ IL MONDO È SORDO, e allora BISOGNA ALZARE LA VOCE, e allora BISOGNA TROVARE LA MANIERA DI FAR CAPIRE, e allora bisogna insistere, BISOGNA CONVOCARE TUTTI AD UNA SCUOLA NUOVA, ecc. La difficoltà diventa provocante, diventa un incentivo per diventare MAESTRI DEL NOSTRO CATECHISMO, cioè della Verità del Vangelo da annunciare. Perchè il mondo è sordo E, secondo motivo, che è proprio l’opposto del primo e cioè per chi sa vedere, per chi sa leggere nel cuore delle folle, nel cuore del mondo vede che in fondo c’è un malcontento, c’è un’inquietudine, c’è un bisogno di una parola vera, di una parola buona, di una parola che dica il senso della vita! che il mondo non sa più quale sia, che non ha più la forza di definire; vive come miope e come cieco in mezzo alle tenebre. (ndr. Ma figurati se il Papa parla così…).

    Noi abbiamo la lanterna, noi abbiamo la lampada, noi abbiamo la Parola del Vangelo che diventa la luce del mondo. II Signore ha detto ai suoi apostoli: voi siete la luce del mondo. Ecco, se siamo la luce del mondo dobbiamo andare incontro a questa gente smarrita, così arrabbiata, così crudele, diventata perfino così sbandata, così senza principi, senza linee di con dotta buona e umana, e andare incontro e dire: ecco, guarda, questo è il sentiero, questa è la via. E ripeto, per queste due ragioni, l’una la difficoltà e l’altra l’opportunità di annunciare il Vangelo, ecco che la Chie sa prende la parola. ed ha bisogno di una parola che dica il senso della vita.

    Noi abbiamo la Parola del Vangelo Siamo dunque in una fase apostolica, missionaria, didattica, quanto mai accentuata nella vita della Chiesa; tutti vi dobbiamo essere impegnati. L’edificazione del Corpo mistico di Cristo sulla terra, che è la nostra Chiesa presente, è dovere, come dice il Concilio, non soltanto dei preti, dei Vescovi ecc., ma di ogni credente; ciascuno deve essere testimone, deve saper tradurre, se non altro con l’esempio e con il suo appoggio ecc., il messaggio di cui è depositario.
    Non esiste un cristiano muto, non esiste un cristiano sterile, non esiste un cristiano che viva per sé; DEVE VIVERE PER LA COMUNITÀ, per il Corpo mistico che si chiama la Chiesa. 

    Ci sono tante iniziative parallele e UN PO' SIMILI A QUELLA VOSTRA, che adesso ascolta (ndr. ma che vuol dire: "iniziative un po' simili a quella vostra che adesso ascolta?" Forse vuol dire che adesso li lascia dare una testimonianza), e si assiste così alla fioritura di opere e di mezzi per dare all’annuncio del messaggio evangelico la sua migliore diffusione e interpretazione, potremmo dire. Noi osserveremo come questo multiforme fenomeno della Santa Chiesa non riguarda soltanto l’aspetto scolastico, didattico delle sue attività, non è soltanto insegnamento da MAESTRO a scolaro, è piuttosto quello più ampio, più pedagogico e più vitale, che riguarda anche lo stile della vita, nel quale l’insegnamento della verità religiosa è parallelo a quello scolastico, anzi è unito alla professione della vita di cui l’insegnamento è norma e principio.


    In secondo luogo noteremo come questo dovere non assume in chi lo compie e anche in chi ne è favorito, la qualifica di un peso grave e difficile, anche se in realtà esso lo è.
    Una delle grandi difficoltà che i preti incontrano, qual è? Eh, non vengono! MA CHE NOIA, SENTIRE LA PREDICA, SENTIRE LA LEZIONE, IMPARARE IL CATECHISMO, ma MI STANCA, a me piace andare a spasso, andare al cinematografo, giocare, ecc., MA INSOMMA QUESTA CHIESA CHE INSEGNA DIVENTA TANTO NOIOSA. Non è così! Diciamolo a noi stessi e diciamolo anche al nostro popolo. (ndr. Qui si tocca veramente l’apice: il Papa dichiarerebbe che i preti e la Chiesa sono una NOIA!).

    Chi ha capito il segreto della Verità che le nostre parole contengono diventa come fulminato da questa luce, da questa verità, e si trasforma tanto nell’apostolo, il prete o l’annunciatore, quanto nel discepolo che ascolta: “AH! NON CREDEVO CHE FOSSE COSÌ BELLO, AH, MA È VERO, MA GUARDA…”. Si apre, ripeto, un orizzonte di luce e di bellezza che era quasi insospettato...
    lo vorrei chiedere se ci sono dei missionari tra voi: perchè fate i missionari? MA PERCHÈ SIETE ESALTATI DAL SENSO DEL VANGELO, che cosa è annunciare la Verità, annunciare il segreto della vita, i disegni di Dio, le speranze che non muoiono! Ma diventa una tale bellezza che non ci si può più sottrarre e si diventa chiamati ad essere anche noi apostoli e annunciatori di questa verità! Il compimento di questo dovere dell’annunciare non è più noioso, come il compimento dell’ascoltare non è più fastidioso
    ha in se stesso la rifusione della fatica che esso comporta e rende felici i suoi testimoni, li rende sicuri, li rende partecipi in anticipo dei beni di quel Regno di Dio che essi vanno annunziando.

    Nel Nostro posto, qui al centro della Chiesa, noi abbiamo da ricevere tanti che vengono da lontano, dalle missioni, e soprattutto questi CHE RICEVIAMO CON TANTO PIACERE, li lasciamo parlare per avere da loro la testimonianza. Hanno difficoltà enormi alcuni, NON SI SA COME POSSONO VIVERE, campare, vincere le malattie, LE INIMICIZIE, i pericoli, ecc., eppure ve lo dico perchè siate contenti anche voi, quando loro dicono e definiscono se stessi dicono una felicità che non ha confronti con le altre felicità del mondo. E se Noi osiamo dire: “Ma lei resterebbe qui o vuol tornare?” “Tornare, tornare!”. E VANNO IN MEZZO A DIFFICOLTÀ ENORMI MA PERCHÈ SON PRESI DALLA GIOIA DEL VANGELO. (nrd. Tutta questa sviolinata sui “missionari” neocatecumenali nel testo originario è completamente ASSENTE) Dunque, e poi diremo che coloro che con cuore semplice e generoso si mettono al servizio della evangelizzazione, subiscono, certo per un segreto ma immancabile carisma dello Spirito Santo, una metamorfosi psicologica e morale che è caratteristica; è quella metamorfosi, quel cambiamento, che trasformale difficoltà in stimoliRIPETO quello che dicevo prima, i missionari perchè ritornano? Ma perchè c’è tanto da fare, ma perchè c’è quella povera gente da consolare, ma perchè c’è il pericolo, “devo andare io a guarire i lebbrosi, devo andare io a scongiurare che questa povera gente sia sopraffatta da altri movimenti sociali e diventi schiava di situazioni intollerabili”La difficoltà, l’ostacolo, diventa attrattiva, che prima faceva paura, faceva noia, faceva fastidioinvece poi diventa la forza che attrae, che impegna, che lega, e che rende l’apostolo, diciamo la grande parola, ma detta in un senso generale, “martire” cioè testimone.

    Ed è stupendo questo fenomeno, che chi sa vedere i fenomeni della Chiesa – Noi abbiamo questa responsabilità e questa fortuna – non può non dire: grazie, Dio, perchè hai dato a me questa visione, di vedere appunto tanti che sono gli entusiasti del Vangelo, del Vangelo difficile, del Vangelo penoso, del Vangelo che costa, del Vangelo che non rende, del Vangelo che URTA CONTRO TUTTE LE MENTALITÀ E TUTTI I VIZI E GLI OSTACOLI DEL MONDO. (ndr. Sono davvero “fenomeni” della Chiesa, ma da baraccone. Fortunatamente il Papa ha “la responsabilità e la FORTUNA di poterli vedere e ringraziare Dio perché gli ha dato la visione per vedere che gli ENTUSIASTI del Vangelo difficile sono tanti e sono neocatecumenali).

    II Vangelo, ripeto, rende felici coloro che lo predicano (ndr. Il Papa ancora “ripete”…)e trasformale difficoltà in stimoli, i pericoli in attrattive, e le sconfitte stesse?sembra un paradosso ? le sconfitte stesse cioè il non riuscire, in titoli di merito (però ho fatto quel che potevo!) quindi anche di pace che discende serena in questi cuori che non hanno avuto neanche la soddisfazione dell’esito delle loro fatiche. (ndr. Apologia degli insuccessi) Adesso possiamo comprendere anche la testimonianza che i nostri odierni visitatori ci offrono: essa si svolge intorno al cardine della vita cristiana che è il Battesimo.

    La parola “catecumenato” è riferita al Battesimo: catecumenato era il periodo di preparazione al Battesimo. Adesso il Battesimo non ha più, almeno diffusivamente e didatticamente, questo sviluppo. Assistiamo alla fioritura di nuove forme per l’annuncio del Vangelo E allora questi dicono: “Beh, lo faremo dopo il Battesimo”.
    NON È BASTATA LA GRAZIA SANTIFICANTE, anzi la grazia santificante non ha fatto che accendere un fuoco che deve essere poi illuminante e propagantesi nella vita. S. Agostino ha un accenno a questo: “non possiamo anticipare? facciamo dopo il Catecumenato”, cioè l’istruzione, il completamento e l’educazione, tutta la parte educativa della Chiesa, dopo il Battesimo (ndr il Papa dice che “la grazia santificante non basta”. Maddaiiii. Magari non è la grazia che “NON BASTA”, ma l’uomo che volge le spalle a Dio).

    ii sacramento della rigenerazione cristiana deve ritornare ad essere ciò che era nella coscienza e nel costume delle prime generazioni del cristianesimo, la preparazione che i primi tempi, quando la società era profondamente pagana, precedeva il Battesimo e che era detta catecumenato.
    Dopo la Chiesa ha concentrato questo periodo; perchè? Ma perchè le famiglie erano tutte cattoliche, erano tutte buone, tutte cristiane, la società era in fondo orientata cristianamente; impareranno lungo la via. Ma adesso che la nostra società non è più uniforme, omogenea, è pluralista, anzi è tutta piena di contraddizioni e di ostacoli al Vangelo in se stessa, nell’ambiente sociale di oggi, questo metodo ha bisogno di essere, DICEVOintegrato da una istruzione, da una iniziazione postuma, allo stile di vita proprio del cristiano: questa deve essere successiva al Battesimo.Cioè da un’assistenza religiosa, da un allenamento pratico alla fedeltà cristiana, da un inserimento effettivo nella comunità dei credenti, che è la Chiesa. (ndr. Questa VERA frase del Papa è stata del tutto omessa).

    Il Catecumenato: preparazione al Battesimo. Il. Neocatecumenato “dopo il Battesimo” QUESTO IL SEGRETO DELLA VOSTRA FORMULA, cioè: dà una assistenza religiosa, conferisce un allenamento pratico alla fedeltà cristiana e compie un inserimento effettivo nella comunità dei credenti che è la Chiesa, dopo che uno è già effettivamente, soprannaturalmente entrato nella Chiesa, ma è stato come un seme che non ha ancora avuto il bene di svolgersi Realizza un effettivo inserimento nella Chiesa Ecco la rinascita quindi del nome “catecumenato”, che certamente non vuole invalidare nè sminuire l’importanza della disciplina battesimale vigente, ma la vuole applicare con un metodo di evangelizzazione graduale e intensivo che ricorda e rinnova in certo modo il catecumenato d’altri tempi.
    Chi è stato battezzato ha bisogno di capire, di ripensare, di apprezzare, di assecondare l’inestimabile fortuna del Sacramento ricevuto... Si prospetta così una catechesi successiva a quella che il battesimo non ha avuto: “la pastorale degli adulti”, come si dice oggi, viene delineando, crea nuovi metodi e nuovi programmi, poi nuovi ministeriquanto bisogno c’è di chi assista: ecco i catechisti, ecco le suore stesse, ecco le famiglie che diventano anche loro MAESTRE di questa evangelizzazione postuma al Battesimo – “la pastorale degli adulti”, come oggi si dice, viene delineando e crea nuovi metodi e nuovi programmi, poi nuovi ministeri sussidiari sostengono la più esigente assistenza del sacerdote e del diacono nell’insegnamento e nella partecipazione alla liturgia, nuove forme di carità, di cultura e di solidarietà sociale accrescono la vitalità della comunità cristiana e ne fanno di fronte al mondo la difesa, l’apologia e l’attrattiva.

    Bisogno compreso dalle parrocchie Tanta gente si polarizza verso queste comunità neocatecumenali perchè vede che là c’è una sincerità, c’è una verità, c’è qualche cosa di vivo e di autentico: c’è Cristo che vive nel mondo. E questo avvenga con la

    Nostra apostolica benedizione». (ndr. Pare che la benedizione finale sia indirizzata ai soli neocatecumenali: “questo avvenga con la nostra benedizione apostolica”).


    Questi i due testi a confronto. Se in verde sono le aggiunte neocatecumenali…Mistificazione pura.

    Ma la BATTUTA che vi avevo promesso, è ancora più spassosa.

    Dopo tutte le filippiche e le sviolinature che i neocatecumenali attribuirebbero al Papa, avendole invece scritte loro, si legge su Zenit, in una rimembranza di quella lontana udienza del 1977, che il Papa “nell’incontro di saluto avuto con gli Iniziatori del Cammino, Kiko e Carmen, al termine di quell’Udienza" chiese: “Chi è Kiko?”. “Sono io”, rispose Kiko.”

    Bella conoscenza del Cammino Neocatecumenale!

    Il Papa, nel 1977, nemmeno sapeva chi era Kiko… Eppure, quando arrivò nel 1968, nove anni prima, Kiko ce lo trovò come pontefice.
    Nove anni di anonimato…

              

    12/1/2019: ENTERTAINMENT: Tutankhamun: Life, Death And Legacy

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    A series of discoveries deep in the Guatemalan rainforest reveals the lives and history of the Mayan people. Forensic techniques are used to uncover how the teenage king died.
              

    Air Plant Waffle, Air Plant Pot, Air Plant Cage - Handmade Pottery Ceramics by FarmhouseMud

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    59.00 USD

    It's the ultimate air plant vacation resort with 48 rooms so you can invite all of your air plant friends. Front, back, top, bottom, left and right - it's got air plant rooms galore.

    Air Plant Waffle measures 6 inches square and roughly 2-1/4 inches deep. It's hand sculpted and hand woven with warm tan stoneware and then antiqued in oxides to give it a real nice country rustic feel. The waffle is designed for indoor and outdoor use. It can hang from a tree limb using your favorite s-hook, or hang on something really unique inside your home. It can also rest against a set of books, lean against a windowsill and decorate just about anything in your home or office.

    Your Air Plant Waffle resort comes with all rooms vacant (air plants and s-hook not included). The waffle pictured with air plants is my own personal waffle. The waffle pictured vacant (photos 2 and 4, and background photos 1 and 3) is the waffle in this listing.

    It truly is a very unique air plant container, holder, hanger or pot. It's a handmade piece of art and the ultimate vacation resort for your air plants.

    Note
    If interested, the air plants in the waffle pictured are: Tillandsia Schiedeana, Mini Tillandsia Baileyi(True) and Mini Tillandsia Bulbosa Guatemala (my favorite air plant).


              

    Premundial Sub-23 de béisbol: Cuba tiene un camino plano

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    Honduras, Argentina, Colombia, Guatemala y Panamá serán los primeros rivales de la Isla en el torneo clasificatorio al Mundial sub-23 de béisbol.

    La entrada Premundial Sub-23 de béisbol: Cuba tiene un camino plano se publicó primero en OnCubaNews.


              

    Trump Got His Wall, After All

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    IN THE TWO YEARS AND 308 DAYS THAT DONALD Trump has been president, he has constructed zero miles of wall along the southern border of the United States. He has, to be fair, replaced or reinforced 76 miles of existing fence and signed it with a sharpie. A private group has also built a barrier less than a mile long with some help from Steve Bannon and money raised on GoFundMe. But along the 2,000 miles from Texas to California, there is no blockade of unscalable steel slats in heat-retaining matte black, no electrified spikes, no moat and no crocodiles. The animating force of Trump’s entire presidency—the idea that radiated a warning of dangerous bigotry to his opponents and a promise of unapologetic nativism to his supporters—will never be built in the way he imagined.

    And it doesn’t matter. In the two years and 308 days that Donald Trump has been president, his administration has constructed far more effective barriers to immigration. No new laws have actually been passed. This transformation has mostly come about through subtle administrative shifts—a phrase that vanishes from an internal manual, a form that gets longer, an unannounced revision to a website, a memo, a footnote in a memo. Among immigration lawyers, the cumulative effect of these procedural changes is known as the invisible wall.

    In the two years after Trump took office, denials for H1Bs, the most common form of visa for skilled workers, more than doubled. In the same period, wait times for citizenship also doubled, while average processing times for all kinds of visas jumped by 46 percent, even as the quantity of applications went down. In 2018, the United States added just 200,000 immigrants to the population, a startling 70 percent less than the year before.

    Before Trump was elected, there was virtually no support within either party for policies that make it harder for foreigners to come here legally. For decades, the Republican consensus has favored tough border security along with high levels of legal immigration. The party’s small restrictionist wing protested from the margins, but it was no match for a pro-immigration coalition encompassing business interests, unions and minority groups. In 2013, then-Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions introduced an amendment that would have lowered the number of people who qualified for green cards and work visas. It got a single vote in committee—his own. As a former senior official at the Department of Homeland Security observed, “If you told me these guys would be able to change the way the U.S. does immigration in two years, I would have laughed.”

    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP REVIEWS PROTOTYPES FOR HIS “IMPENETRABLE, POWERFUL, BEAUTIFUL” WALL. (AP/EVAN VUCCI)

    Senior adviser Stephen Miller is usually regarded as the White House’s immigration mastermind, but his maneuvering is only a sliver of the story. The most fine-grained and consequential changes would never have been possible without a group of like-minded figures stationed in relevant parts of the government—particularly the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service, the agency within DHS that administers visas. Early in Trump’s presidency, said the former DHS official, there was a “strategic sprinkling” of people who “shared a common vision and were ready to outwork everybody.” They included Gene Hamilton, Miller’s “terrible sword at DHS” (his actual title was senior counselor to the secretary), and Francis Cissna, the soft-spoken former head of USCIS whom colleagues describe as “an encyclopaedia of immigration law” and “a total immigration nerd.” “If you said to him, what’s on page 468, second paragraph” of the Immigration and Nationality Act, another former DHS official marveled, “he would quote it to you.”

    Amidst the chaos at DHS, the restrictionists have already radically scaled back America’s asylum and refugee programs for years to come. But no category of immigrant ( 1 ) The major avenues for legal immigration are via family (including marriage), employment and humanitarian programs for refugees and asylum seekers.has escaped the uptick of denials and delays—not the Palestinian student with a Harvard scholarship who was deported upon landing in Boston, or the Australian business owner forced to leave after building a life here. Not the Bolshoi Ballet stars who somehow failed to meet the criteria of accomplished artists, or the Iraqi translators who risked their lives for the U.S. military and whose annual admissions went from 325 to just two after the change in administration. Then there are the consequences that are harder to capture in headlines or statistics: the couples whose marriages broke down when the foreign spouse was forced to wait far longer than usual in their home country, and the unknown number of people who have abandoned the attempt to stay because of financial hardship or the strain of living with a level of uncertainty that becomes untenable.

    “What became clear to me early on was that these guys wanted to shut down every avenue to get into the U.S.,” the first former senior DHS official said. “They wanted to reduce the number of people who could get in under any category: illegals, legals, refugees, asylum seekers—everything. And they wanted to reduce the number of foreigners already here through any means possible.” No government in modern memory has been this dedicated to limiting every form of immigration to the United States. To find one that was, you have to go a long way back, to 1924.

    GERMAN-JEWISH REFUGEES ABOARD THE MS ST. LOUIS, WHICH WAS TURNED AWAY FROM THE UNITED STATES AND CUBA IN 1939.(BETTMANN VIA GETTY)

    “ANATION OF IMMIGRANTS”—THESE FOUR WORDS, ( 2 ) The phrase was popularized by John F. Kennedy, who used it as the title of his 1958 book.genius in their concision, mask the messiest of histories. People like to recall that George Washington wanted America to “be an Asylum to the persecuted of the earth.” Less often praised: Ben Franklin’s contention that immigrants are “the most ignorant Stupid Sort of their own Nation.” Americans have been having some version of this argument ever since. And for much of the country’s existence, public opinion towards immigration has ranged from tepid to hostile. As Daniel Tichenor, author of the comprehensive history, “Dividing Lines,” puts it, “We love the immigrant past and dread the immigrant present.”

    One rare exception came after the Civil War, when the country was desperate to replace the men who had died on the battlefield. A flourishing postwar confidence revived the idea that the country could absorb a never-ending stream of foreigners and fuse their best characteristics into that superior being, an American.

    The turn began in the 1880s. Extremes of wealth had sparked massive labor strikes; out West, people fretted that the land was running out. Now, newcomers were a threat, and the more foreign they seemed, the more threatening they were. An early warning was the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the first-ever prohibition of all people of a specific race. Over the next decade, a surge of European migrants accounted for 40 percent of population growth. From the 1890s, this wave was dominated not by English, Scandanavians, Germans or Irish, but by poorer southern and eastern Europeans and Russian Jews. As the country slid into a long depression, the new immigrants became the source and the target of a tinderbox anxiety. There were lynchings of Italians in New Orleans; attacks on Jewish farmers by Mississippi nightriders; a riot against Russian Jewish factory workers in New Jersey.

    EDITORIAL CARTOONS FROM THE 1880S-1900S (ABOVE: LOUIS DALRUMPLE. BELOW: C.J. TAYLOR/ MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY MUSEUM)

    For decades, nativists in Congress tried and failed to translate this hostility into new immigration laws. It wasn’t until the early 1920s, after Warren Harding was elected president on an “America First” platform, that two Republican lawmakers, Representative Albert Johnson and Senator David Reed, finally realized a restrictionist dream: a comprehensive racial quota system devised to keep American bloodlines pure. “[T]he country would never be the same,” wrote John Higham in his definitive account of American nativism, “Strangers in the Land”—“either in its social structure or in its habits of mind.”

    To build the public case for their legislation, Johnson and Reed teamed up with the leading eugenicists of the day. Johnson enlisted Harry Laughlin, who in 1936 received an honorary degree from a German university for his contributions to the “science of racial cleansing,” to conduct research for the House Immigration Committee. Johnson also worked closely with Madison Grant, whose manifesto, “The Passing of the Great Race,” is a deranged codification of white men into three “races” of descending desirability—Nordics, Alpines and Mediterraneans. Grant’s conclusion, drawn from spurious analyses of skull shape and nose width, was that the new immigrants should be scientifically excluded from the definition of whiteness. They were “human flotsam … breeding out their masters and killing by filth and by crowding as effectively as by the sword.”

    In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge signed the Johnson-Reed Act, which accorded with his own belief that that “America must be kept American.” The law would ultimately shut down most immigration except for a meager inflow dominated by people Madison Grant would have called Nordics. Everyone else faced waitlists of 10 to 75 years, depending on the quota allotted to their country of origin. The law also birthed a national immigration bureaucracy—what Tichenor calls “an increasingly elaborate immigration control system of racist design.”

    Until this point, nearly everyone who arrived at a port of entry like Ellis Island was admitted to the United States. There was no requirement for a visa. Johnson-Reed was deliberately engineered to prevent most immigrants from ever boarding a steamship, by requiring them to obtain visas from U.S. consulates abroad. The State Department, which ran the consulates, was notoriously anti-Semitic: In 1921, the chief of the Consular Service supplied a report to Congress describing Jewish people as “filthy, un-American, and often dangerous in their habits.” By the 1930s, as Hitler launched his assault on the Jews of Europe, the new visa system was perfectly calibrated not to help the growing ranks of refugees, but to keep them out.

    In 1934, President Franklin Roosevelt ordered consulates to give Jewish refugees “the most humane and favorable treatment possible under law.” After that, admissions actually went down. Mere presidential preference was no match for the immigration bureaucracy, which erected, in the words of historian David Wyman, a formidable “paper wall.”

    The paper wall’s architect was Samuel Miller Breckinridge Long—Breckinridge Long to the public. Thin and rangy, intermittently beset by nervous ailments, Long was born to a family that was practically Confederate aristocracy. He’d glided through Princeton, married into money and spent a good deal of his career as a bureaucrat of middling talents. Thanks to his old pal “Frank” Roosevelt, in 1939 he was put in charge of refugee admissions, though he had no relevant experience. From then on, Roosevelt essentially abdicated refugee policy to Long because he was so spooked by the politics: In 1938, the year of Kristallnacht, 86 percent of Americans opposed an emergency increase of refugee admissions.

    BRECKINRIDGE LONG (MYRON DAVIS/THE LIFE PICTURE COLLECTION VIA GETTY)

    From the nativists' perspective, Long was the best possible man for the moment. He believed the overwhelming majority of refugees were propagandists, subversives, freeloaders and derelicts. And he knew exactly how to protect his country from the “alien influx”—with the merciless application of rules, regulations, procedures and forms.

    In 1940, Long issued a memo instructing subordinates to avoid granting visas to European refugees for a “temporary period of indefinite length.” From today's vantage point, his methods are eerily familiar. “We could do this by simply advising our consuls to put every obstacle in the way and to require additional evidence and resort to various administrative devices which would postpone and postpone and postpone the granting of the visas,” he explained. Later, he would crow in his diary: “The cables practically stopping immigration went!”

    Consular officials had enormous latitude in determining a refugee’s fate. In France, you had to obtain an exit visa, a transit visa, an entry visa for the U.S., moral and political affidavits of support, certificates of good behavior and a paid ticket for the ship. You couldn’t get a visa without a ticket, which were sold out months in advance, and you couldn’t get a ticket without a visa, which were only valid for four months, and if just one of your documents had expired on the day of departure, you had to start all over again.

    “IT TAKES MONTHS AND MONTHS TO GRANT THE VISAS AND THEN IT USUALLY APPLIES TO A CORPSE.”

    One of the most powerful tools employed by visa officials was the public charge rule—a component of federal law which states that a person can’t be admitted to the United States if they are likely to become a burden on the state. Although the rule had been on the books since 1882, it was barely observed until the Depression. Under Long, consulates wielded it with abandon. To Jewish refugees of Nazi Germany, the rule must have seemed like a sadistic joke, since throughout the 1930s they had been forced to relinquish up to 90 percent of their capital when they left the country. Even if they were lucky enough to have American financial sponsors, the standards of proof were constantly shifting. As a result, there were multiple years after Hitler seized power in which the U.S. did not fill its annual quota of just under 30,000 immigrants from Germany. In 1938, for example, the State Department admitted 19,552 former residents of the Third Reich, not all of whom were Jewish.

    And yet Breckinridge Long wasn’t satisfied. Convinced Germany was infiltrating America with spies disguised as refugees, he created, for the first time, a centralized immigration processing system based in Washington. Applicants submitted letters of support, financial records and character testimonies. Sponsors were scrutinized. Five committees from different agencies reviewed every application. After that, the flow of refugees nearly stopped altogether. In a speech, Representative Emanuel Cellar blamed Long for the “gruesome bottleneck.” He observed: “It takes months and months to grant the visas and then it usually applies to a corpse.”

    A MEETING OF THE WAR REFUGEE BOARD IN 1944. SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY HENRY MORGENTHAU, JR., IS IN THE CENTER. (FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT LIBRARY)

    In January 1944, Treasury Secretary Robert Morgenthau demanded a meeting with Roosevelt and Long to discuss the situation. He came armed with an investigative memo, which he titled “Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of This Government in the Murder of the Jews.” It documented Long’s machinations in devastating detail. Roosevelt immediately agreed to create a War Refugee Board outside Long’s control. Its work during the remainder of the war demonstrated just how many more lives could have been saved: According to Wyman, it managed to rescued around 200,000 people in 18 months.

    Long fumed at his demotion, raging to his diary that he had been “thrown to the wolves.” One of his great regrets was that he no longer enjoyed the favor of his old friend Frank. The loss of status gnawed at him. He retired by the end of 1944, and after writing a memoir that failed to find a publisher, mostly concentrated on breeding race horses, which usually lost. To the end of his life, according to his biographer, Neil Rolde, he never acknowledged, or apparently even realized, the magnitude of what he had done.

    And yet even after the horrors of the Nazi regime were fully revealed, Johnson-Reed wasn’t overturned for another two decades. The law that replaced it, the Hart-Cellar Act of 1965, is often celebrated as the moment that America opened its doors to the world. At the time, though, its authors had more modest goals. Shamed into action by the civil rights movement, they planned to abolish the racial quotas and create a merit system allowing for limited immigration from outside of Europe.

    It was only a last-minute nativist intervention that turned the law into something very different. An antsy Democratic congressman named Michael Feighan secured a provision allowing people to qualify through family ties as well—reasoning that since most immigrants were white, it would protect the racial status quo. “The bill that we sign today is not a revolutionary bill,” President Lyndon Johnson promised. “It will not upset the ethnic mix of our society,” Senator Ted Kennedy agreed.

    Instead, the law changed the composition of America by accident. Among other things, Feighan completely failed to consider that people from non-European countries would qualify under the merit system and then sponsor their relatives, the process restrictionists term “chain migration.” ( 3 ) “Congress was saying … 'We need to open the door for some more British doctors, some more German engineers,’” sociologist Stephen Klineberg told NPR. “It never occurred to anyone, literally, that there were going to be African doctors, Indian engineers, Chinese computer programmers who’d be able, for the first time in the 20th century, to immigrate to America.”The foreign-born population grew from 9.6 million in 1965 to 45 million in 2015, with 90 percent of those new arrivals coming from outside Europe—mostly from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The United States became, wrote historian Aristide Zolberg, “the first nation to mirror humanity.” To restrictionists, the 1965 reforms are the original sin, the moment when America betrayed its workers, sacrificed a mythic social cohesion and placed the country’s heritage and its future at mortal risk. And ever since, reversing those reforms has been their overriding goal.

    NEW CITIZENS IN LOS ANGELES ON SEPTEMBER 13, 1995.(GILLES MINGASSON/GETTY)

    BACK WHEN JEFF SESSIONS WAS A U.S. SENATOR, HE routinely selected a few staffers to join him in his office for a seminar-style discussion of whatever happened to be on his mind that day. Increasingly over the years, the subject was immigration. These conversations could last for hours. Some staffers surreptitiously tried to work on their phones while the senator dialed up an academic or wended his way through an idea as if preparing to argue a case before a jury. But Sessions’ communications director, Stephen Miller, was invigorated by the intellectual exchange. “They kind of fed off each other,” said one regular attendee. Late in the day, Sessions often took Miller along to his hideaway—the unmarked nook each senator has near the chamber. There, Sessions would decant that day’s conversation into a speech written on a legal pad and deliver it on the floor. “I don’t know how many people listened,” a former staffer said.

    Miller, though, was paying close attention. He’d been railing against immigrants since his high school days as a minor conservative talk radio celebrity in Santa Monica, but his vitriol tended towards the generic—immigrants shouldn’t speak Spanish; their communities were incubators for terrorism and crime. By contrast, Sessions’ desire to curb immigration was part of a wider set of concerns about Americans who had been shut out of the modern economy, underpinned by a cohesive historical argument. On numerous occasions, he praised Johnson-Reed, ignoring its explicitly racist motivations and painting it simply as an effort by Coolidge to raise wages, as well as the sole engine of America’s postwar prosperity.

    THEN-SENATOR JEFF SESSIONS AND HIS COMMUNICATIONS DIRECTOR, STEPHEN MILLER, IN JANUARY 2014 (ANDREW HARNIK/THE WASHINGTON TIMES)

    Similar historical references were cropping up in Miller’s private emails, too. In a series of messages from 2015 obtained by the Southern Poverty Law Center, Miller pinged Breitbart reporter Katie McHugh with ideas for stories celebrating “the heritage established by Calvin Coolidge” and lamenting the damage done by the 1965 legislation. The culmination of the Miller-Sessions mindmeld was a 25-page primer hand-delivered to every Republican congressional office that year. Written by Miller, it lauded the 1924 reforms for ushering in “a sustained slowdown that allowed wages to rise, assimilation to occur, and the middle class to emerge.” It would become a foundational document for the Trump campaign’s immigration platform.

    The day after Trump’s election victory, Gene Hamilton started assembling a team to develop an immigration roadmap for the transition and beyond. Hamliton, then a legal adviser to Sessions in his thirties, relied heavily on staffers for Sessions and Senator Chuck Grassley, whose offices had for years been a lonely beacon for restrictionist groups like the Federation for American Immigration Reform, or FAIR; the Center for Immigration Studies and NumbersUSA. From the outset, according to “Border Wars,” by Julie Hirschfeld Davis and Michael Shear, Hamilton’s small braintrust knew they had to fight on two fronts—against liberal-minded career staffers and mainstream Republican appointees wedded to the status quo.

    Hamilton himself had a deep knowledge of DHS ( 4 ) Before working for Sessions, Hamilton had spent two years working for various DHS offices, and also interned at Immigration and Customs Enforcement while in law school.and a knack for the inside game, both of which became valuable assets when he joined the department. “He would take the pen on a lot of things,” the former DHS official said—meaning he’d assume responsibility for writing a document, giving him the power to set the terms of the debate and the process. “He was sort of the political commissar,” another former senior DHS official explained. “You had to work with him to make sure you weren’t going to get your legs chopped out underneath you.”

    For USCIS director, Hamilton recommended Cissna, a DHS lawyer who’d spent the past two years detailed to Grassley’s office. “Our family is literally a product of our nation’s legal immigration system,” Cissna said at his confirmation hearing, explaining that his grandparents were Peruvian, his wife’s family was Middle Eastern and that he only spoke Spanish to his kids at home. Although he largely shared Miller’s policy goals, his position on immigration “wasn’t a race thing,” the second former DHS senior official told me. Instead, the official said, Cissna saw himself as a “steward of the law,” which he believed should be enforced according to the narrowest interpretation. Quiet and not overtly political, he was nonetheless a canny operator. When he took over at USCIS, “he knew which small things could change to have a big effect,” said Mark Krikorian, the executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies. “He couldn’t be bamboozled by bureaucrats. He knew their job in a way a lot of political appointees don’t.”

    FRANCIS CISSNA. (WIN MCNAMEE/GETTY)

    Kathy Nuebel Kovarik, a veteran Grassley staffer, was put in charge of the USCIS policy office a couple of weeks after her former boss recommended her to Trump via tweet. (“@POTUS If u want a real expert on fixing H1B a former staffer of mine just moved to HomelandSecurity Call my office I will tell WHO SHE IS.”) She brought in Robert Law, FAIR’s governmental relations director, as her senior adviser. Law was smart but rigid. “You couldn’t convince him of anything he didn’t already believe,” said a person who worked with him at USCIS. Along with other alumni of restrictionist groups, ( 5 ) Julie Kirchner, a former FAIR executive director, became USCIS ombudsman, and Jon Feere, a former CIS analyst, became a senior adviser at ICE.Law became a resource for some DHS officials who lacked an immigration background but found the issue consuming their jobs. “They could tell you, this is the law, this is the history of it. It was fascinating,” said one. “They had been following this for decades.”

    At first, things didn’t move as nearly quickly as Miller and Hamilton wanted, mostly because of Trump’s first DHS Secretary, John Kelly. “He was a difficult guy for people to mess with. Even Stephen Miller,” recalled the former DHS official. It wasn’t until Kelly became White House chief of staff in July 2017, another former official explained, that Miller was able to “consolidate his strength.”

    A couple of months later, a meeting was convened at the department, with the acting secretary, Elaine Duke, the most senior figure present. According to a person who was there, Hamilton abruptly took control of the gathering, cutting Duke out of the conversation completely. “Everyone was looking at each other. We’d never seen anything like this—a guy with no standing [taking over the meeting].”

    Hamilton informed the group they needed to produce memos outlining how to enact 10 White House policy priorities, including how to get rid of a 20-day limit on holding children in detention and how to use family separation to discourage migration. He wanted the memos within days.

    The DHS policy office started work according to normal operating procedure—gathering information and assessing the legality and merits of the proposals. Normally, this would take months. “It drove the White House crazy,” said the former DHS official. “Duke’s chief of staff kept asking, ‘Dude, where are the memos?’ He was getting pounded by the White House.” Many of the memos were never produced, the official added, because “some of the [ideas] were so clearly bad.” (Hamilton didn’t respond to a request for comment.)

    GENE HAMILTON “WAS SORT OF THE POLITICAL COMMISSAR,” A FORMER OFFICIAL SAID. “YOU HAD TO WORK WITH HIM TO MAKE SURE YOU WEREN’T GOING TO GET YOUR LEGS CHOPPED OUT UNDERNEATH YOU.”

    At USCIS, the pressure to scrap old policies and roll out new ones was relentless. In theory, the chief counsel’s office was supposed to conduct thorough legal analyses of all new initiatives. Sometimes the office was cut out of the loop; sometimes lawyers were informed of a new memo the day before it dropped, requiring them to scramble till midnight or later to ensure it met basic legal standards. Comment skirmishes broke out within draft documents, with career staff inserting concerns and political appointees stripping them out. The political appointees “really didn’t care about the operational impact of different policies or litigation concerns,” recalled a former agency lawyer. Hamilton himself has essentially confirmed this. “That sounds like the craziest policy you could ever have,” he said in a deposition when asked if DHS had assessed the litigation risk of ending Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA. “You could never do anything if you were always worried about being sued.”

    Kovarik and Law also pushed staffers to dig up evidence for their preferred policies, even when the facts didn’t oblige. For instance, they insisted on advancing the termination of temporary protected status ( 6 ) A temporary status provided to nationals of certain countries experiencing problems that make it difficult or unsafe to return there.for several “shithole countries”—the president’s term—even when experts at State and USCIS recommended extensions. The problem with the official analysis for Haiti, Kovarik explained to a career staffer in an October 2017 email, “is that it reads as though we’d recommend an extension because we talk so much about how bad it is.” The staffer replied, carefully, "We can comb through the country conditions to try to see what else there might be, but the basic problem is that it IS bad there.” Later that month, Law assigned an “important research project” to a low-level employee. “I need positive data on the current status of Haiti to bolster the recommendation to terminate TPS. Improvements or the like that I can plug in,” he wrote. “Be creative.”

    In a separate exchange, Cissna complained that staffers hadn’t done a very elegant job of massaging the facts in order to end TPS status for Sudan. "The memo reads like one person who strongly supports extending TPS for Sudan wrote everything up to the recommendation section and then someone who opposes extension snuck up behind the first guy, clubbed him over the head, pushed his senseless body of out of the way, and finished the memo,” he wrote.

    Even though USCIS had announced plans to kill DACA and end TPS for six countries, the political appointees were being bombarded by Miller to go faster. One of his obsessions was a regulation for a far tougher version of the public charge rule, which had to go through a mandatory administrative process. In June 2018 emails obtained by Politico, Miller berated Cissna for the “unacceptable” timeframe, writing, “I don't care what you need to do to finish it on time.” Cissna stuck to his principles. “He believed,” said the former DHS official, that “this could all get done through the rule of law.”

    ACTIVISTS OUTSIDE THE SUPREME COURT IN NOVEMBER, FOLLOWING A HEARING ON DACA.(CHIP SOMODEVILLA /GETTY)

    OVER AND OVER, IN PUBLIC AND TO HIS STAFF WITHIN USCIS’s boxy beige headquarters on Massachusetts Avenue, Cissna insisted that his mission was simply to enforce the law as it was written. At an event last year, he brought along his copy of the Immigration and Nationality Act, a brick of a book stuffed with yellow post-it notes, and patted it almost affectionately. “Everything we do at the agency should be guided by that, not by, you know, any other thing,” he said in his halting manner. “That’s our Bible.”

    It was an effective claim, and a disingenuous one. So much of America’s immigration code is open to interpretation. There’s no objective test for whether a concert violinist meets the legal standard of “exceptional;” whether a full-stack Java developer is a “specialized” occupation; whether a certain type of kidney condition technically qualifies as a “hardship.” Many decisions inevitably come down to the judgement of individuals, which means they’re susceptible to the peculiar psychology of the immigration bureaucracy.

    “In my own office, I am queen,” one former visa adjudicator told me. What she meant was that the guy down the hallway might require a lot more evidence than she did, or interpret the legal criteria more stringently, and that it wouldn’t be remotely strange if they each reviewed the same case and reached opposite conclusions. Within processing offices, “people get reputations,” she said. There are the officers inclined to give applicants the benefit of the doubt and those hunting for a reason to deny. Many aren’t ideological at all, but are swayed by the preferences of their supervisors. “Everyone learns to write for the teacher,” one officer observed.

    All this variability gives each USCIS office a distinct culture. It’s why lawyers regard the Vermont processing center as reasonably fair and efficient and the one in California as more of a crapshoot. You can sense these distinctions as an immigrant, even if you don’t understand them. You file one application and it goes through smoothly; then a subsequent one gets snagged on some unseen impediment. A new boss, maybe, or a big immigration controversy, or some directive that causes the culture within the agency to change.

    A few months after Cissna was confirmed, in February 2018, he removed the phrase “nation of immigrants” from USCIS’s mission statement. Less noticed but more significant was his decision to strip references to “customer service” from internal manuals. Staffers knew exactly what this meant. USCIS started referring to applicants as “customers” during the Obama administration, and the change was detested by more skeptical employees, who preferred terms like “foreign nationals” or “aliens.” León Rodriguez, the agency’s director from 2014 to 2017, explained that the deletion of the word “customer” could reshape every aspect of an officer’s work: “It’s a statement that your performance will not be judged based on how you treat the people with whom you’re interacting. Your courtesy, transparency, care in explaining things, compassion. Over time that changes what people prioritize.”

    “THE STATISTICS FOR VISA APPROVALS AND DENIALS FOR THE LAST DECADE WERE RELATIVELY CONSISTENT,” SPAULDING SAID. “THEN ABOUT TWO YEARS AGO, ALL HELL BROKE LOOSE.”

    The new priority was visa fraud. There had long been a subset of staffers, including upper-level employees, who were convinced that most immigrants were trying to cheat the system in some way. They were mostly kept at bay because the agency’s own statistics showed consistently low levels of fraud. Under Cissna, that all changed. “There was a sense of urgency across the agency that was palpable,” said Spaulding, who worked as an investigator for the fraud unit in Philadelphia from 2006 until 2019. He described the new mandate as: “Your job as adjudicator is to ferret out fraud. Good adjudicators find fraud. Bad ones don’t.” Adjudicators were also trained in more adversarial styles of interviewing, Spaulding said, “like a Customs and Border Protection officer.” (USCIS spokesperson Matthew Bourke said adjudicators regularly receive training to detect fraud but are not instructed to be adversarial.) Across the agency, there was a pronounced shift to what Rodriguez called a “law enforcement model—the sort of culture change very much driven from the top.”
    Meanwhile, the political appointees under Cissna were churning out memos announcing administrative changes to visa processing that were devastating in their banality. “If you go through the statistics [for visa approvals] for the last decade, they were relatively consistent,” Spaulding said. “Then about two years ago, all hell broke loose.”

    The first memo, issued in October 2017, eliminated something called “prior deference.” Previously, if a person had been greenlit multiple times for certain visas, the adjudications officer would check the circumstances that had changed since the last one. Now, every petition has to be reviewed as if the person was a first-time applicant—a vastly more time-consuming exercise. A former USCIS lawyer told me the memo was very much motivated by the new emphasis on fraud: Excavating old applications provided an opportunity to “get that gotcha moment.” Publicly, though, the agency couldn’t cite that as the justification, “because the stats didn’t back it up. So we had to say something else.”

    The administration, Miller included, often insisted that its policies weren’t anti-immigrant, that it wanted to prioritize high-skilled workers over family-based migrants. And yet the changes coming out of USCIS seemed designed to make it difficult for those workers to come to the United States, too. Denials for first-time H1B applicants, who need a bachelor’s degree, jumped from 6 percent in the 2015 financial year to 32 percent in the first quarter of 2019. And even those numbers don’t tell the full story. An H1B visa typically lasts three years, but lawyers report a pattern of approvals for durations so short they are effectively useless—a week or even a day. In a hearing in D.C. district court, the judge asked the lawyer representing USCIS whether a one-day approval was “as good as a denial.” The government’s lawyer admitted: “There's little practical difference, I would agree with that.”

    EVERY USCIS OFFICE HAS ITS OWN DISTINCT CULTURE. (JOHN MOORE/GETTY)

    For immigrants trying to navigate the rapidly changing rules, everything just kept getting harder. The length of most forms has doubled or tripled or worse. Fees are going up for many visas. Under a new policy of mandatory in-person interviews for employment green cards, the average processing time has gone from around 10 months to more than two years in multiple cities. Yet another memo enabled the government to reject applications without giving the person a chance to correct errors, even incredibly trivial ones. ProPublica found a case that was rejected “because the seventh page, usually left blank, was not attached.” Another was denied “because it did not have a table of contents.” (USCIS has since said it does not intend to reject petitions for “innocent mistakes.”) Meanwhile, the agency has barricaded itself from communication. It is in the process of shuttering 16 of its 23 international offices. Where lawyers could once call or email the office that was handling a case, now they spend hours on hold in a Kafkaesque game of phone tag with a national customer service center. If they miss a return call, they have to start the inquiry from the beginning.

    Inside USCIS, the new restrictions and requirements created a “pattern of chaos,” Spaulding said, as adjudicators struggled to “respond to what they think their superiors want.” For instance, the agency is issuing far more RFEs, or requests for additional evidence. ( 7 ) In the first quarter of 2019, the agency issued RFEs in 60 percent of H1B cases, compared to only 20 percent in 2016.“RFEs used to be common sense under Obama—if you can show the evidence, you get approval,” said Matt Cameron, a Boston lawyer who handles both employment and asylum cases. Now, they’re used as a stalling device. Lawyers are routinely asked for basic documents they’ve already submitted. One attorney was told to prove that the client’s mechanical engineering degree was relevant to his job as a mechanical engineer. Another was instructed to provide additional evidence that her client’s marriage was genuine. “I’m like, are you high?” the lawyer said. “Two people who have adopted a child together eight years ago have a fake marriage?”

    More often, though, attorneys say they simply receive the same vague, boilerplate questions for multiple clients. For an officer behind on his caseload, Spaulding explained, an RFE is “one of the best ways to buy time.” While the applicant prepares a response, the case is no longer counted as open on the officer’s docket. By the end of 2018, USCIS’s total backlog of pending cases was a record 5.7 million.

    Still, Stephen Miller wasn’t satisfied. He kept pushing Cissna to rush out the public charge regulation before it had been fully vetted. When word started to spread that Cissna could be forced out, restrictionist groups told reporters his ouster would be a “colossal mistake.” But it was too late. On May 24, Cissna resigned at Trump’s request in a Miller-driven purge that also claimed DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen. (Cissna didn’t respond to requests for comment.) For the past two years, one USCIS career staffer recalled, she and her demoralized colleagues kept telling themselves that “it could be worse.” Then, in June, Ken Cuccinelli was named the agency’s acting director—“and it did get worse.”

    A MAKESHIFT ENCAMPMENT AT THE U.S. BORDER PATROL STATION IN MCALLEN, TEXAS, THIS MAY.(REUTERS/LOREN ELLIOTT)

    LATE THIS SUMMER, KEN CUCCINELLI INSTALLED A lumpy human-sized replica of the Statue of Liberty in USCIS headquarters, by a window overlooking Massachusetts Avenue. It was a very on-brand bit of trolling: About two weeks earlier, he had finally announced the public charge regulation at a press conference at the White House. There, Cuccinelli suggested that the famous Emma Lazarus poem affixed to the Statue of Liberty (the real one) would be more accurate if it read: “Give me your tired and your poor who can stand on their own two feet and who will not become a public charge.” The poem, he added, was about “people coming from Europe.”

    Cuccinelli is a very different political animal from Cissna, one far more suited to Trumpworld. One of his conditions for accepting the job, according to a source, was that a government car ferry him every day to Washington from his home an hour and a half away in rural Nokesville, Virginia. A conservative purist with a showman’s instinct, he tweets a lot, often about Immigrations and Customs Enforcement or CBP operations that seemed to excite him more than the work of his own agency. Some of the tweets are transparently bespoke for an audience of one. In September, he posted an image of a framed photograph of Trump next to a giant stack of paper, which was a new USCIS policy changing all uses of “foreign nationals” to “aliens.”

    KEN CUCCINELLI WITH LADY LIBERTY AND WITH CBP OFFICERS ON THE RIO GRANDE. (@USCISCUCCINELLI/TWITTER)

    He also shares his boss’s impatience with the slow pace of policy-making. “It seems like everybody in government defers to DOJ,” Cuccinelli told Mark Krikorian at a recent panel discussion. “I don’t operate that way. Lawyers advise and they can deal with my decision as best they can. They may not be [happy].” A former DHS official who worked with Cissna told me Cuccinelli “respected what Cissna did. But where Cissna would have to get something to 98 percent to make him feel good, I think Ken Cuccinelli is much more of a 60 or 70 percent kind of guy.”

    Some DHS leaders, though, felt Cuccinelli’s Trumpian pronouncements were getting in the way of Trump’s agenda. Exhibit A was the outrage provoked by his comments on the Statue of Liberty. “There was concern at DHS that you had an extremely complicated rule, the public charge, which deserved a full policy discussion,” said one former official. “It was fettered by this discussion of the poem, which bore no relevance to the issue.” Asked whether Cuccinelli had ignited the controversy by accident or on purpose, the official paused for an uncomfortably long time and finally said, dryly, “He thinks of himself as a very talented communicator.”

    Out of all the administration’s immigration reforms, the public charge rule has been the most ambitious by far. In the past, the term was defined to mean anyone who was primarily dependent on government assistance. Restrictionists pointed out that only cash benefits were counted—excluding major entitlements like food stamps, Medicaid and housing subsidies. But the new definition is aggressively broad. Most new immigrants aren’t actually eligible for welfare. But the rule grants officers vast discretion to determine whether the applicant might become a public charge at any point in the future. They would be empowered to collect reams of personal financial information and reject any applicant whose income is lower than 250 percent of the poverty line, even if that person has a financial sponsor.

    In essence, the rule would create a backdoor mechanism to alter the composition of immigrants to the United States. Low-income legal immigrants tend to be nonwhite, and they also tend to come here via family-based green cards. According to an analysis by the Migration Policy Institute, the new definition would potentially exclude more than half of all family-based green card applicants. That is, 71 percent of applicants from Central America, 69 percent from Africa, 52 percent from Asia—but only 36 percent from Europe, Canada and Oceania. The regulation, said Ur Jaddou, chief counsel of USCIS during the Obama administration, “fundamentally changes who gets to use our legal immigration system by race and class without an act of Congress.” (In October, a few days before the rule was due to go into effect, it was temporarily halted by three federal judges. The government is expected to appeal.)

    Cuccinelli’s other priority was asylum, one of two major humanitarian categories of legal immigration. (The other is the refugee program, for people requesting protection while in a foreign country rather than at the U.S. border.) Miller had long been incensed that around 90 percent of people pass the “credible fear” screening—the initial interview that determines whether a claim will go before an immigration judge. People explained to him in meetings that the first hurdle was set intentionally low by Congress, to ensure asylum seekers get a fair hearing, and that only a minority (28 percent) eventually succeed. But Miller was convinced the screenings were an outrageous loophole and demanded they be made more restrictive. Cissna pointed out that the agency couldn’t change the requirements without breaking the law. At one meeting, when Miller kept hounding him about it, Cissna finally erupted. “Enough. Enough. Stand down!” he shouted, according to The New York Times. Cuccinelli had none of these qualms. On his second day on the job, according to Buzzfeed, he sent the division an email scolding officers for failing to prevent “frivolous” claims.

    THE “SHEER NUMBER OF BOTH SIGNIFICANT AND LESS SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IS OVERWHELMING,” SAID THE FORMER USCIS CHIEF COUNSEL. “IT WILL TAKE AN AMBITIOUS PLAN OVER A SERIES OF YEARS TO UNDO IT ALL.”

    Within USCIS, asylum officers have always been a band apart. They work in a separate office from visa adjudicators and wear plain clothes, no badges. When the division was launched in the 1980s, it was something of a scandal to visa officers when it was staffed with human rights lawyers and refugee workers. Today, the asylum corps is especially resented by border patrol agents, a longtime officer said. “In their view, we’re a bunch of hippies letting in people they try to keep out.”

    But there’s nothing hippie-ish about the work they do. Asylum officers go through hundreds of hours of rigorous training, learning to distinguish the person who has assumed a false identity because they’re fleeing a violent gang from the person assuming a false identity because they’re a member of that gang. Vetting an applicant can take anywhere between two and five years. “I have to make sure I’m not getting the wool pulled over my eyes by a war criminal,” the officer explained. Since Congress isn’t likely to overhaul the asylum criteria anytime soon, Cuccinelli set about changing the culture of the division itself. Under a DHS pilot program, around 60 border patrol officers are now conducting credible fear screenings. According to government data obtained by Buzzfeed, they have approved less than half of applicants so far. The agency is also hiring 500 new asylum officers, targeting people with law enforcement or military backgrounds, who, according to USCIS spokesperson Matthew Bourke, are “uniquely equipped to support the agency’s improved vetting procedures and fraud-detection efforts.” In a particularly unsubtle move, the division’s head, John Lafferty, was replaced by the director of the fraud unit.

    When you put all of this together, it’s clear that the Trump administration has fundamentally altered the nature of humanitarian immigration to the United States—initiatives that are supported by both parties and have been an essential component of foreign policy since the end of World War II. In 2017, Gene Hamilton and Stephen Miller tag-teamed to reduce annual refugee admissions from 110,000 to 45,000. Since then, the number has been slashed to an all-time low of 18,000. In October, the administration started implementing a regulation ordering that asylum seekers be turned away from the southern border if they have passed through another country without seeking asylum there first. What this means, in practice, is that the only people able to seek asylum at the border are Mexican citizens.

    And yet the restrictionists still aren’t satisfied. After all, the administration hasn’t come close to their goal of halving legal immigration. “Any real changes”—such as ending birthright citizenship or the visa lottery—“are the kind of thing Congress would have to approve,” said Krikorian. FAIR’s governmental relations director, RJ Hauman, told me Trump “botched” his first year with a flawed rollout of the travel ban on seven Muslim-majority countries. “It tainted everything,” he said, especially the president’s chances of getting more ambitious reforms through Congress.

    SHERIFFS FROM AROUND THE COUNTRY MEET PRESIDENT TRUMP AT A FAIR EVENT IN SEPTEMBER. (WHITE HOUSE/JOYCE N. BOGHOSIAN)

    In response, the administration is doing its utmost to appease its most hardcore supporters. For 13 years, FAIR has held an annual convention in Washington D.C. to connect conservative talk radio hosts and anti-immigration personalities. Under previous presidents, it was a niche affair, but this September’s event might as well have been sponsored by the Trump administration. FAIR flew in nearly 200 sheriffs, who received a briefing at the White House from Kellyanne Conway, as well as a photo op with Trump. Afterwards, they made their way back to the Phoenix Park Hotel, just around the corner from DHS. Some 70 radio hosts were crammed into a couple of conference rooms. “We’re in the heart of the swamp, up to our knees in muck,” FAIR’s communications director, Dave Ray, remarked to a talk show host named Tom Roten, who has blamed immigrants for his West Virginia county having “the highest concentration of HIV in the country, maybe even the world.” (This is not true.) Ray went on to discuss the “human carnage caused by criminal aliens and drugs;” at one point, Roten asked, “What if we cut the snake off at the head at the border?”

    Cuccinelli spent an entire morning powering through eight back-to-back interviews, fueled by his usual cup of McDonalds sweet tea. He talked about family separation with Roten who complained that “the media only shows these kids crying.” Children were constantly crossing the border with different adults, pretending to be related, he stated. “You’re exactly right, Tom. They’re being recycled,” Cuccinelli agreed. (Greg Navano, ICE’s assistant director of investigative programs, said that among other methods, the agency sometimes conducts DNA tests of family units, and that around 15 percent of the tests uncovered an adult falsely claiming to be a child’s biological parent.)

    In November, Cuccinelli was promoted to DHS deputy acting secretary. Kathy Nuebel Kovarik became acting deputy at USCIS and Robert Law, the former FAIR lobbyist, ascended to the head of the policy office. The agency has promised a new flurry of major policy changes before the end of the year. And in what is perhaps the purest expression of the administration's intentions so far, it started sending Central American asylum seekers to Guatemala with no access to an attorney, no review by an immigration court, far away from the border infrastructure of activists and reporters and lawyers or any form of help at all.

    AN INFANT IN BORDER PATROL CUSTODY.(JOHN MOORE/GETTY)

    IT’S EASY ENOUGH TO BELIEVE THAT BECAUSE NONE of the Trump administration’s reforms are entrenched in law, they can be overturned as quickly as they were introduced. And yet even though, in theory, the policy memos can all be withdrawn, the “sheer number of both significant and less significant changes is overwhelming,” said Jaddou, the former USCIS chief counsel. “It will take an ambitious plan over a series of years to undo it all.” Formal regulations, like the third-country asylum rule and public charge rule, if it succeeds, will be especially hard to unravel.

    The institutional implications run deeper. The backlog of delayed cases will likely take several years to get under control. The administration has promoted six judges with some of the highest asylum denial rates to the Justice Department’s immigration appeals court, including one who threatened to set a dog on a 2-year-old child for failing to be quiet in his courtroom. Those appointments are permanent.

    The refugee program, too, will take years to rebuild. The plunge in admissions caused a plunge in funding to the nine resettlement agencies, which have closed more than 100 offices around the country since 2016. That’s a third of their capacity, according to a report by Refugees Council USA. “The whole infrastructure is deteriorating,” said Rodriguez, the former USCIS director. Because the application process is so lengthy, even if a new administration raises refugee admissions on day one, it would take as long as five years before increased numbers of people actually make it to the United States. Consider that in January 2017, the State Department briefly paused in-bound flights for refugees who had finally made it through the gauntlet of health, security and other checks. As of this summer, some of those refugees were still waiting to leave. While the flights were grounded, they missed the two-month window during which all of their documents were current. When one document expires, it can take months to replace, causing others to expire and trapping the refugee in what the report called “a domino effect of expiring validity periods.”

    Even harder to repair is the culture shift within USCIS. New visa adjudicators will remain in their jobs long after the political appointees have gone—kings and queens of their own offices. Employees who were promoted for their skeptical inclinations will stay in those positions, setting priorities for subordinates. The multitude of changes at USCIS are the product of an administration that regards immigration as its political lifeblood. There’s no guarantee—or indication—that any of the potential Democratic nominees would apply the same obsessive zeal to overturning them.

    Back in 1924, Johnson-Reed’s supporters never anticipated the Holocaust, and yet they expanded its horrors. We don’t know where our own future is headed, but we live in a time of metastasizing instability. Last year, the United Nations’ official tally of refugees passed 70 million, the highest since World War II. Mass migrations, whether because of violence or inequality or environmental calamity or some murky blend of factors that don't conveniently fit existing laws, are the reality and challenge of our era. There aren’t any easy solutions. But already, what started as a series of small, obscure administrative changes is resulting in unthinkable cruelty. If left to continue, it will, in every sense, redefine what it means to be American.


              

    Woman who served time after deadly bus crash arrested for illegal entry in the U.S. - Minnesota Public Radio: News

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    U.S Immigration and Customs Enforcement officers have arrested a Guatemalan woman for returning to Minnesota after she was deported in 2016, following her imprisonment in connection with the deaths of four people in a car accident.
              

    Primera parte de Aldo Rosado-Tuero y su riesgosa y peligrosa relación con Julio Martínez Andrade, UN CAIN CUBANO, que se prestó a traicionar a sus hermanos levantados en armas contra la tiranía Castrista

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    Nota del Bloguista de Baracutey Cubano

    Alerto que no se deben creer   ¨a pie juntillas¨ los relatos oficialistas Castristas y mucho menos aquellos  relacionados con  labores de Inteligencia y Contrainteligencia. He leido, por ejemplo,  hasta tres versiones diferentes  de un mismo hecho como fue la operación para acabar con los alzados, si mal no recuerdo, de la oriental región de Gibara. Esos  relatos manipulados   persiguen:   adoctrinar,  hacer una labor de ¨profilaxis¨ y hasta no ¨quemar¨ a algunas personas que pudieran aún estar activas en esas labores a favor de la tiranía.

    Nota del Bloguista

    El periodista e historiador Castrista y ex miembro del MINIT, ya fallecido en Miami, Juan Carlos Fernández (seudónimo) en su libro Todo es Secreto Hasta un Día (en Cuba me dijeron varias personas que Juan Carlos Fernández había pertenecido a la Sección o Buró Bandas en Pinar del Río; es posible que así sea, pues los diferentes capítulos de ese libro están dedicados a combatientes de la Seguridad del Estado de Pinar del Río), la labor como agente de Tony Santiago llevó a la neutralización de la ¨Operación Silencio¨, de suministro de alimentos y armas mediante ¨drops¨ en paracaidas a los grupos de alzados en el Escambray por parte de la CIA, ya que en un viaje a EE.UU. le había hecho llegar a la CIA un mapa con las ubicaciones para hacer esos lanzamientos; la inmensa mayoría de esos suministros cayeron en manos de las tropas Castristas. Por su labor se hizo la detención de fabricantes de ¨patas de elefante¨y otros materiales explosivos (supongo que hayan sido fusilados) en La Habana así como la detención del Comandante Jesús Carreras, al que el rencoroso Che Guevara se la guardaba desde que estaban en El Escambray.

    (Juan Carlos Fernández, hablando por teléfono, y Norberto Fuentes en Miami)

    Jesús Carreras era Comandante del Segundo Frente del Escambray y no había querido someterse a la jefatura del Che Guevara y habían tenido sus desavenencias. Jesús Carreras en su conspiración contra el Castrimo confió en Tony Santiago que era Comandante del Directorio Revolucionario 13 de Marzo en el Escambray y esa fue su perdición; fue fusilado. Tony Santiago era veterano de guerra de los EE.UU. y había participado en la guerra del Pacífico contra Japón; participó en la batalla de Iwo Jima, uno de los combates más sangrientos de la Segunda Guerra Mundial donde se distinguió en el combate.

    Una observación sobre ese libro de Juan Carlos Fernández: En su primera edición, 1976, en la parte del testimonio fotográfico habían fotocopias de cartas de alzados, como la del Congo Pacheco, que se podían leer con el auxilio de una lupa y comprender el carácter patriótico de la lucha de esos alzados; en la segunda edición del libro, 1981, esas cartas y documentos fueron eliminados.
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    Tomado de http://nuevoaccion.com/

    MEMORIAS DE LOS DÍAS DEL VIENTO Y DEL FUEGO. RELATOS VERÍDICOS DE LA LUCHA CONTRA LA TIRANÍA CASTRISTA


    Nota  del director de Nuevo Acción: Hoy traemos un relato en que un hermano comunista infiltra a un movimiento anticastrista para liquidar a dos sus hermanos, alzados contra los opresores castristas.   El relato está avalado por la propia tiranía que lo explica todo en este capítulo del libro del agente de la Seguridad del Estado cubana Raúl Fernández, quién firma el libro con su nombre de guerra dentro de los servicios castristas:  “Juan Carlos Fernández”.

    Este verídico relato está siendo preparado como un argumento para un corto metraje que aspiramos a rodar con TVMambisa y que titularemos “El Caín Cubano”.

    UN CAIN CUBANO (tal y como lo relatan sus propios protagonistas castristas)

















    relaciones. Casi llegaron a botarlo.  Ni mamá ni ninguno de mis otros hermanos se acordaron de los sacrificios hechos por él con todos nosotros. Incluso Remigio le llegó a decir que se buscara un revolver, porque la próxima vez, para verlo tendría que ir al monte”.

    “Aquel día jamás se me olvidará. Fue el 8 de enero de 1965 y había una fiesta en el pueblo. Pero yo no asistí. Hice lo que hacía meses tenía premeditado; presentarme a Seguridad del Estado con el fin de ayudar a acabar con los bandidos. (Continuará)

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    Tomado de http://www.nuevoaccion.com

    UN TREMENDO TRIUNFO DE LA RESISTENCIA ANTICASTRISTA


    Por Aldo Rosado-Tuero

    Desde el principio de la llegada de Fidel Castro al poder, cuando se comienza a ver brotar el enorme rechazo al totalitarismo comunista entre los que habíamos sido opositores a la dictablanda de Batista, principalmente los provenientes del Movimiento 26 de Julio, el incipiente totalitarismo, comenzó la táctica de tratar de infiltrar a los grupos que nos le oponíamos; pero, ya sea, bien porque sus aparatos de inteligencia aún no se habían perfeccionado o por el hecho que la mayoría de los que ya conspirábamos en contra de la implantación de una tiranía comunista, proveníamos del Movimiento 26 de Julio, nos permitió a nosotros también lograr un cierto grado de infiltración entre los que trataban de infiltrarnos a nosotros.

    Hoy voy a relatar lo que constituyó una victoria de nuestra infiltración y como se eliminó a un peligroso grupo de infiltrados castristas que—al igual que lo hiciera después La Red Avispa—ya desde fines del 1960 y principios de enero del 1961, tenían la misión de marchar a los Estados Unidos, para espiar a favor del castrismo.

    Desde temprano en el 1959, comenzamos nuestra tarea de preparar condiciones para oponernos por las armas a la instauración de lo que veíamos venir, como una tiranía totalitaria de signo comunista, junto a un buen grupo de ex combatientes tanto de las sierras como del llano, que no estábamos dispuestos a observar en silencio como nos aherrojaban la patria.

    En la esquina de las calles Luz Caballero e Industria, en la ciudad de Caibarién, existía una enorme arboleda de mangos en la que funcionaba la gallería de mi tío Ramón “Mongo” Rosado. Allí, con la anuncia del propietario, se estableció el cuartel general de los que ya preparábamos alzamientos, ayudábamos a los alzados del Escambray y del frente Norte de Las Villas, repartíamos propaganda, realizábamos sabotajes y conseguíamos armas, municiones y medicinas. Por la gran cantidad de personas que visitaban diariamente la gallería donde funcionaba una valla y los muchos gallos de distintos propietarios que mi tío cuidaba, el lugar era perfecto para reunirnos sin levantar grandes sospechas.

    Pero parece ser que el G-2 comenzó a sospechar y se empezaron a aparecer por la gallería una serie de personas de las que los anticomunistas sospechábamos que se dedicaban a la chivatería. Entre ellos estaba un primo hermano mío—cuyo hermano mayor más adelante dirigió el piquete de milicianos que nos detuvo, entre muchos otros cangrejeros, a mi tío Mongo y a mí—que me conocía de mis correrías en el clandestinaje contra Batista, al que muy inteligentemente me le acerqué un día y le dije- “Oye me parece que andamos en lo mismo y no hemos coordinado”. Su respuesta fue franca—tal vez producto de sus pocos años y su inexperiencia como chivato—“Coño y yo que creía que tú estabas con los enemigos”. Mi primo tragó el anzuelo y todos los días yo le sacaba las informaciones que él conseguía.

    Desde antes de la conversación con mi primo chivatón, a la gallería acudía, con dos o tres subordinados, soldados del Ejército Rebelde, el capitán Tomasito Pena, hermano del difunto Comandante Felix Pena, ¿suicidado?, después que como Presidente del tribunal revolucionario de Santiago de Cuba, absolviera a los pilotos de la Fuerza Aérea de la República. Tomasito había llevado varios ejemplares de gallos finos para que mi tío se los cuidara y era visita seguida de la gallería.

    (Comandante Antonio ¨Tony¨ Santiago, agente ¨Oliverio¨para la Seguridad del Estado )

    El capitán Pena, unos días después de mi conversación con mi primo en que le hice creer que yo estaba en lo mismo que él, comenzó a tratarme con mucha deferiencia y a tratar de hacerse amigo mío y de algunos de los patriotas anticomunistas que me acompañaban.

    Por los últimos días del 1960, no sé si por una indiscreción de mi primo o de Tomás Pena, o de otro de los infiltrados castristas, que habían sido infiltrados por los anticastristas, el movimiento subterráneo se enteró que se preparaba una importante misión, por parte del G-2, mediante la cual introducirían en los EE.UU. a un grupo de espías, entre los que se encontraba un ex Comandante de la sierra, que se estaba haciendo pasar como enemigo de la revolución. En los primeros días de enero, ya la resistencia anticastrista tenía más detalles de la “operación”. Los planes de los falsos anticastristas eran llevarse el magnífico velero “El Pensativo”, de Arcadio Oliva fondeado en Caibarién y con el que marcharían hacia los Estados Unidos, en su importante misión, ya que la tiranía esperaba la inminente invasión de los cubanos que se entrenaban en Guatemala y la isla Vieques.

    De inmediato la alta dirigencia de la resistencia, avisó a Miami. Un importante dirigente nos notificó que ya se había avisado y que Antoñico “El Isleño” se encargaría de eso.

    Antoñico “El Isleño”, Antonio Pérez Quesada, era el hombre que mejor se conocía los cayos y los canalizos de la Costa Norte de Las provincias centrales de Cuba y además, sabía perfectamente las rutas de escape de Caibarién a La Florida. Por eso lado, se podría dormir tranquilo. El "él se encargará" era más que una frase, una seguridad para los que conocíamos del coraje y del patriotismo de "Antoñico".

    La resistencia, muy cuidadosamente montó una guardia en el muelle donde atracaba “El Pensativo”; y así se pudo avisar de inmediato a Miami, la noche en que los castristas zarparon. Era el 9 de enero del 1961.

    Yo al menos no supe nada más sobre el asunto, hasta unos días después de llegar a Miami, el 11 de julio de 1961. Aquí me enteré que “El Pensativo” fue interceptado en aguas cerca de Cayo Sal por una lancha artillada procedente de Miami y que fue hundido, pereciendo todos los que en él viajaban. Unos años después, en una clara mañana con un mar en calma total, Antoñico me llevó al lugar del hundimiento y pude ver en el fondo los restos del que había sido unos de los veleros más hermosos y famosos del Puerto de Caibarién.

    (De espaldas, el reportero Oscar Angulo, de pie, con el sombrero australiano Aldo Rosado-Tuero en el viaje en que comprobó por sus propios ojos, la derrota inflingida al castrato que narra en este artículo. Quizás en esta foto se encuentre Antoñico ¨El Isleño¨, pero Aldo no lo señala en el post de donde tomé la foto. Comentario del bloguista de Baracutey Cubano)

    Pasaron muchos años antes de que la tiranía hablara del incidente y de esta importante derrota inflingida a ellos por los anti castristas.

    La tiranía ha reconocido que el Comandante que dirigía la misión era el comandante del Directorio Revolucionario, Antonio "Tony" Santiago, que había actuado en las montañas del Escambray, durante la lucha contra Batista y que siguiendo instrucciones de la Seguridad castrista se había infiltrado en alguno de los grupos contrarrevolucionarios siendo en realidad “El agente Oliverio”, del G2 y que venía a Miami, con una importante misión, tal vez si más importante, que la que llevaron a cabo años después, los integrantes de la Red Avispa.

    Según la tiranía, allí murieron, además de Tony Santiago, Juan Bautista Hernández, Lisandro Sánchez Nieto y Francisco Pequeño Saéz.

    Pero si la memoria no me engaña yo tenía la seguridad de que en ese velero venían además un gran grupo de soldados rebeldes, comandados por el capitán Tomás Pena.

    Ahora la tiranía no habla de esos, tal vez para minimizar la derrota, pero lo cierto es que yo no ví más nunca a Tomasito Pena en la gallería y abandoné el país sin saber nunca más de él.

    Lo cierto es que fue un gran triunfo de la resistencia interna y de los bravos que desde aquí arriesgaban a diario la vida, llevando pertrechos, realizando ataques armados, infiltrando y ex filtrando combatientes anti castristas.

    NOTA: Este es mi humilde homenaje a un hombre, acusado de "pirata" por la tiranía, a un pescador que siempre estuvo dispuesto a llevar lo que fuera a los costas cubanas, cuyo nombre (Antonio Pérez Quesada) habrá de aparecer algún día en la Historia patria y al que un día, "después del viento y del fuego" habrá que levantarle un monumento en mi querido Caibarién, muy cerca del mar al que él tanto amó y en el que vivió dos tercios de su vida.

    Mi tío Mongo fue condenado a varios años de cárcel y murió poco después de ser liberado, de un cáncer, que se comenzó a manifestar en las mazmorras castristas y que nunca le trataron mientras permaneció en prisión. Mi primito chivato, aún está en Cuba y no sé si ya se arrepintió, como su hermano mayor, que anda por estos lares. Razón por la que no doy su nombre.




              

    Manuel Piñeiro, Jeffrey Epstein y Fidel Castro. Raúl Lázaro Fonseca desde Cuba: No es tan extraña la “relación” de Fidel Castro con Jeffrey Epstein si mantuvo por decenios a Barbarroja, depredador, pornógrafo y pedófilo

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    Nota del Bloguista de Baracutey Cubano

    Se dice que  Manuel Piñeiro Losada  estaba escribiendo sus memorias, las cuales  en determinados momentos y hechos  contradecía lo dicho y lo escrito por Fidel Castro Ruz. Me imagino que ese libro de memorias hayan  tenido el mismo destino que el libro que estaba escribiendo el padre de Ernesto ¨Che¨ Guevara  y en la que dejaba ¨mal parado¨ a Fidel Castro. El padre del Che cuando murió estaba viviendo en el antiguo hotel Habana Hilton.
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    Manuel Piñeiro, Jeffrey Epstein y Fidel Castro

    Por Raúl Lázaro Fonseca
    26 noviembre, 2019

    El Cerro, La Habana, Raúl L. Fonseca, (PD) La Habana. No es tan extraña la “relación” de Fidel Castro con Jeffrey Epstein si mantuvo por decenios a Barbarroja, depredador, pornógrafo y pedófilo como una de las principales figuras, responsable de la construcción de los aparatos de seguridad cubanos y de la expansión de los grupos radicales de izquierda en América Latina.

    Corría el segundo semestre del curso escolar 1986-1987 cuando era despedida y apresada la directora docente de la Escuela Secundaria Básica Urbana Esbur “José Miguel Pérez (en la actualidad pre universitario) sito en Nuevo Vedado, municipio Plaza de la Revolución, La Habana, por cargos muy graves; entre otros prostitución infantil, pedofilia y pornografía, pero detrás de ella había un gran personaje que se ocupó de montar todo el entramado que incluía los estudios, filmación y distribución internacional de las películas, Manuel Piñeriro Losada al cual ella llamaba “mi esposo”.

    A pesar de los esfuerzos de los órganos de inteligencia cubanos de amedrentar tanto al alumnado como a los padres “si esta noticia se divulgaba”, le consta a este escribidor que además formó parte del claustro de profesores de dicho centro, que el escándalo a la semana se sabía hasta en Guantánamo.

    Muchos de los padres de los alumnos de este centro escolar eran militares que según fuentes de aquellos tiempos le escribieron a Fidel Castro exigiendo un juicio militar a Barbarroja con la máxima condena, ser fusilado, pero el Comandante en Jefe felizmente desaparecido, siempre respondió que él estaba perturbado mentalmente y que sería internado en una clínica psiquiátrica. Sin embargo, su amante la directora de la escuela, si enfrentó un proceso judicial en el que fue condenada a treinta años de cárcel, cumplió de “la enorme condena” seis años y muy cómodamente impartiendo clases a otras reclusas.

    Oficialmente Piñeiro fue retirado de todos sus cargos, sacado del Comité Central de Partido Comunista de Cuba y retirado en 1997. Entre el descubrimiento de sus delitos como pedófilo y pornógrafo infantil transcurrieron casi 10 años, en que se mantuvo en las sombras. Nunca pudo ser miembro del Buró Político del Comité Central del PCC.

    (Manuel Piñeiro Losada, Fidel Castro, Raúl Castro y Vilma Espían con una de sus hijas)

    En un artículo publicado el jueves 15 del presente mes en el diario el Nuevo Herald firmado por Nora Gámez Torres y Ben Wieder titulado “Jeffrey Epstein viajó a Cuba por invitación de Fidel Castro” se pone al descubierto a través de declaraciones del ex presidente colombiano Andrés Pastrana que coincidió con el magnate en La Habana en el 2003, entonces J. Epstein no estaba acusado de llevar menores de edad a su isla particular para celebrar bacanales con invitados “especiales”.

    Jeffrey Epstein fue un multimillonario depredador sexual, condenado y convicto, cuya fortuna y amistades parecían haberle librado de penas de cárcel más graves.

    Hasta que el que fuera amigo del Príncipe Andrew de Inglaterra, el ex presidente de Estados Unidos Bill Clinton y el actual presidente estadounidense Donald Trump, entre otros reconocibles nombres, fue detenido por el FBI cuando volvía de sus vacaciones en Europa. Estaba acusado de presuntamente traficar con docenas de niñas, explotar y abusar sexualmente de ellas e incluso pagarles para que buscaran a otras adolescentes.

    Es interesante la relación de estos dos depredadores Jeffrey y Manuel con el Comandante en Jefe pues al fin y al cabo Piñeiro estaría “justificado” pero y el multimillonario ¿qué vino a buscar a la Isla?

    Los relaciona también, extrañamente de alguna forma, el final de sus vidas: Manuel Piñeiro el 11 de marzo de 1998 manejando su automóvil, por las calles de Miramar, La Habana, “sufrió una hipoglicemia” lo que provocó que el mismo chocara contra un árbol perdiendo la vida tres días antes de cumplir 65 años de edad mientras, Jeffrey Epstein se “quitó” la vida el 10 de agosto en una cárcel de Manhattan, Estados Unidos de Norteamérica.

    Ahora que se cumplen tres años de la feliz desaparición del genocida, este hecho forma parte de una lista casi infinita de atrocidades que marcan, entre otras su devaluación moral, al final la historia no lo “absolvió” lo condenó por la destrucción material y espiritual del país que desgobernó por más de 50 años.

    Raúl Lázaro Fonseca Díaz; Teléfono: 53452139; comuni.red.comunitaria@gmail.com; Red Cubana de Comunicadores Comunitarios
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    BarbarrojaJustify Full
    Por Luis Cino

    LA HABANA, diciembre (www.cubanet.org) - Barbarroja murió al timón de su auto en 2001. No se supo que le falló primero, si los frenos, la dirección del carro o el corazón. Antes, le fallaron los tiempos: cambiaron. Decían que se acababa la historia. Al menos se acabó un modo de concebirla.

    Manuel “Barbarroja” Piñeiro, un héroe casi olvidado de la revolución cubana, es más recordado hoy entre los veteranos de la izquierda en Latinoamérica que en Cuba, donde apenas se habla de él.

    Desde su oficina en el Palacio de la Revolución, muy cerca de la de Fidel Castro, Barbarroja coordinó durante tres décadas, como un asunto personal, con más o menos suerte, los movimientos armados revolucionarios en América Latina.

    ( foto de la izquierda: Manuel Piñeiro al centro con jacket , chamarra o abrigo; aparece Benigno en el extremo izquierdo; el tirano en la extrema derecha )

    En los años 50, su padre, un gerente de la Bacardí, lo envió a estudiar a una de las mejores universidades de los Estados Unidos. Estudió Administración de Empresas en Columbia University, New York. Quizás le sirvió de algo para vertebrar el G-2 cubano, uno de los más eficientes servicios de inteligencia del mundo, y para administrar las finanzas de los grupos guerrilleros latinoamericanos.

    Piñeiro regresó a La Habana hablando inglés con fluidez y una esposa norteamericana, a poner bombas para el M-26-7. En 1958 se unió a los rebeldes en la Sierra Maestra. En el principado guerrillero del Segundo Frente comenzó a organizar el G-2.

    Fue Vice-Ministro del Interior entre 1961 y 1974. En 1962 lo designaron jefe de la Dirección General de Inteligencia. Durante casi 12 años repartió su atención entre el contraespionaje cubano y el apoyo a los movimientos armados en América Latina.

    Escogió a sus hombres y los hizo a su imagen y semejanza. Tipos duros, imbuidos de la mística revolucionaria, pero inteligentes y seductores. Barbarroja, un bon vivant, los enseñó a vestir y a comportarse en la mesa, pero sobre todo, a escuchar con atención a sus interlocutores de la izquierda latinoamericana y conquistarlos. Aún a costa de mostrarse abiertos, poco dogmáticos y liberales sobre el tema de Cuba, siempre que no se rebasaran determinados límites.

    ( Barbarroja en 1959 presidente del tribunal del segundo juicio a los aviadores de la Fuerzas Armadas del antiguo Ejército Constitucional; el presidente, comandante Félix Pena, que había declarado absuelto a los aviadores en el primer juicio se ¨suicidó ¨al ser reprendido por Fidel Castro por haber dictado ese fallo de absolución)

    Junto a Barbarroja, vivieron el auge y la decadencia de las guerrillas en América Latina. En 1974, siguieron a su jefe cuando salió del Ministerio del Interior para integrar el recién creado Departamento América del Comité Central del Partido Comunista.

    Cuba se aproximaba más a la Unión Soviética y normalizaba sus relaciones con los partidos comunistas y algunos gobiernos latinoamericanos. Los conspiradores de Barbarroja en el continente se apostaron en embajadas, empresas importadoras, círculos intelectuales y oficinas de Prensa Latina.

    El Departamento que presidía Piñeiro y la Casa de las Américas, cada uno a su modo, fueron los principales puentes entre Cuba y la izquierda latinoamericana.

    Barbarroja se tuvo que conformar entonces a tratar con izquierdistas moderados, intelectuales majaderos como Regis Debray y Gabriel García Márquez, viejos políticos estalinistas, exilados chilenos y las viudas y huérfanos de la guerra sucia que desataron las dictaduras militares.

    En 1978, con la ofensiva sandinista en Nicaragua, volvió a brillar su estrella. Piñeiro fue el artífice de la victoria sandinista. Se ocupó luego de Guatemala y El Salvador. Lo hizo a su manera. Según sus concepciones tácticas o sus simpatías, apoyó o no a grupos guerrilleros. Recomendó, según el caso, moderación o posturas más radicales. Lo mismo aconsejó alianzas estratégicas que atizó el enfrentamiento entre facciones.

    No siempre fue fácil. El Departamento América no disponía de tropas. La capacidad operativa y logística estaba en manos del Departamento de Operaciones Especiales. El DOE tenía los soldados y las armas, pero Piñeiro controlaba los contactos con los principales jefes revolucionarios de Centro y Sudamérica. Fueron relaciones, muchas veces amistosas, cimentadas durante años en los polígonos de entrenamiento de Punto Cero y Jejenes o entre comilonas y cervezas en las casas de protocolo.

    Los hombres de Barbarroja y sus prosélitos latinoamericanos tuvieron que acudir a medios nada ortodoxos para el financiamiento de los grupos guerrilleros.

    Barbarroja, integrante del Comité Central desde 1965, emergió indemne de los conflictos de los años 60 con los soviéticos, el PSP y Carlos Rafael Rodríguez, tanto como con el defenestrado ideólogo del Partido, Carlos Aldana en 1990. También consiguió imponerse al DOE. Lo que nunca logró fue ser electo miembro del Politburó.

    (Foto extraida de otra publicación. la periodista no es corresponsal de Baracutey Cubano : -) )

    La derrota electoral sandinista y el desplome soviético marcaron el ocaso de Barbarroja y de la lucha armada en el continente. El Departamento América desapareció en 1992. Piñeiro murió unos años después.

    En el terreno íntimo, Barbarroja fue afortunado con las rubias. Se casó en New York con la bailarina norteamericana Lorna Burdsall. Menos de 15 años después, conquistó en el Santiago de Chile efervescente de Allende y la Unidad Popular a la que sería su segunda esposa: la periodista, escritora y teórica marxista Martha Harnecker. Bellas mujeres las dos.

    En los años 90, Lorna Burdsall encabezaba una troupé de jóvenes bailarines negros que ejecutaban performances por las salas-teatro de La Habana del Período Especial. Antes, colaboró en la fundación del Conjunto de Danza Moderna. Posteriormente, en la creación de la Escuela de Danza Moderna en la Escuela Nacional de Arte de Cubanacán.

    Por su parte, Martha Harnecker, autora del más leído manual marxista latinoamericano, cabildeaba en pro de la revolución de Fidel Castro en eventos académicos, congresos y en el abigarrado Foro de Sao Paulo. Hoy, la Harnecker desarrolla sus teorías del socialismo del siglo XXI entre los hoteles de Caracas y los salones del Palacio de las Convenciones de La Habana.

    Cuando murió Manuel Piñeiro, habían pasado ya los días de hacer la revolución con las armas en América Latina. Cuba se alejaba del romanticismo revolucionario para adentrarse en un largo otoño sin futuro. Era un buen momento para morir.
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    COMENTARIOS

    At 10:38 PM, Blogger Mario Sa said...

    Estamos muy cerca de se saber algo más sobre Barbarroja. Hay un general retirado del exército brasileño, Adyr Fiuza de Castro, que afirma que Barbarroja era agente de la CIA, cuando entrenava militantes de izquierda latinoamerinanos, en el inicio de los años 70. El caso es demasiadamente explosivo. Ahora, precisamente ahora, la Justicia del Brasil ordenó finalmente la abertura de los archivos secretos militares del periodo de la guerrilha rural (Guerrilha do Araguaia). Todavía no sabemos su contenido. Pero, los militares retirados dicen que hay cosas que comprometem a la izquierda.

    De otra parte, ex-militantes de izquierda sospechan que José Dirceu delatava seus compañeros brasileños quienes, cuando regresaban al Brasil, eram muertos. José Dirceu era de confianza de Barbarroja. Dirceu se tornó un importante dirigente del PT (Partido de los Trabajadores), llegando a ser ministro en el gobierno Lula. Estamos muy cerca de saber la verdad. Para más informaciones, visitar na página:

    www.espacoacademico.com.br/081/81ricci.htm

    Digame lo que piensas. Saludo. Victor.
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    At 11:03 PM, Anonymous Anónimo said...

    no puedo revelar mi identidad pero barba roja si tuvo un subordinado que era agente cia desde hacia muchos años era el jefe de america del norte el cual fue delatado por un agente de una guerrilla que vio cuando lo recluto la cia y alerto afidel en una visita este hombre de confianza de barbaroja recluto al mismi serca de la decada del 90 cuando aparecio el camion lleno de armas en la presa del autopista de pinar del rio el cual la numeracion de las armas comprometian a el dpto america este espia fue tomado preso y luego lo fusilaron vivia en el vedado serca dela calle12 y 15 su expediente se conocio por principe para el dpto de la ci el cual le dijeron que iba a cumplir una mision a mejico y se le hizo un juego operativo este principe lo estuvieron chequeando durante una semana aproximadamente hasta que se le dio el corte de la activida acto seguido a barba roja se le puso chequeo por parte dela cim el cual se lo tuvieron que retirar ya que barbaroja se dio cuenta que lo seguian y le habian puesto una camara en el tramsformador de alfrete de su casa que era en la calle 36 entre 7 y 42 luego lo tomo la ci del minint y lo trabajo hasta que un dia el barbaroja fue al comodoro y se cruzo con un oficial de la cina y converzaron durante un rato pero el sabiendo que lo estaban chequeando al salir llamo al fury para decirle lo que habia pasado el cual le respondio que hiciera un imforme y se lo enviaran este oficial cia con fachada de funcionario de la oficina de intereses en cuba era el el agente mas importante para la ci de cuba por eso se sabia que al final lo iban a matar como sucedio el 12 de marzo de 1998 eso no fue un accidente solo que habia que eliminarlo ya que se sabia que el estaba reclutado por la cia eso le debe quedar claro a su hijo que era en aquel entonces oficial de la ci que atendia turismo asi trabajan los castro eso se lo puedo garantixar que es pura verdad no lo que hacen otros papagallos que inventan cosas para ganarce la plata por eso yo vivo en los eu y nunca voy a revelar mi identidad por seguridad de mi familia

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    Un abominable plan terrorista de Fidel Castro y del Che Guevara que verdaderamente le daría un ¨Viernes Negro¨ a New York con más víctimas mortales que el 9/11

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    Un plan terrorista de Fidel Castro que verdaderamente le daría un ¨Viernes Negro¨ a Nueva York




    Por Pedro Pablo Arencibia Cardoso 
    Pasemos ahora a un ejemplo del terrorismo Castrista después de su toma del Poder en enero de 1959
    Es conocido que Fidel Castro en 1962 sugirió a la URSS dar el primer golpe nuclear. Fidel Castro, sin sonrojarse, ha dicho posteriormente que eso había sido un error de traducción del Embajador soviético. Las personas que se sonrojan son aquellas que tienen vergüenza o les queda un poco de ella, pero los que no la tienen... En la guerra nuclear que hubiera desatado ese primer golpe nuclear hubieran muerto muchos millones de personas inocentes, luego son falsas las palabras de Fidel Castro cuando afirma en la antes mencionada reflexión sobre la muerte de Osama Bin Laden: ¨… en cambio, opuestos por principios a todo acto terrorista que condujera a la muerte de personas inocentes…¨ Como detalle curioso, poco conocido, diré que en los años 80s del pasado siglo XX los Castro trataron nuevamente de tener armas nucleares según plantea Vasili Mitrokhin archivero durante 30 años de la KGB que desertó a Gran Bretaña.

    Pero el ejemplo del carácter terrorista del Castrismo posterior al triunfo revolucionario que deseo detallar en este artículo no es ese precisamente; es un ejemplo menos conocido: concretamente es el plan terrorista de Fidel Castro y de Ernesto ¨Che¨ Guevara para ser llevado a cabo en noviembre de 1962 y que hubiera ocasionado miles y miles de muertes y hubiera destruido parte de Nueva York de no haber sido descubierto y frustrado por el Buró Federal de Investigaciones de los Estados Unidos. 

    (Parada de la tienda Macy´s de 1962)

    La noticia fue cubierta en el diario New York Times del 18 de noviembre de 1962 pero hoy se conocen más detalles de ese horrendo plan que había ya pasado de la fase de planificación. Los escritores Humberto Fontova y Servando González han investigado sobre dicho plan que muy probablemente hubiera tenido una cifra más alta de muertes que la cantidad del luctuoso 9/11, ya que los atentados se iban a llevar a cabo en múltiples lugares, entre ellos las tres tiendas más grande del mundo en ese entonces, y en una fecha donde se alcanzan las cifras máximas de venta del año por los bajísimos premios que se ofertan en el llamado ¨Viernes Negro ¨, que siempre es el día posterior al Día de Acción de Gracia o ¨Thanksgiving Day¨ y el Día de la Parada de la tienda Macy's correspondiente al año 1962. Los detalles de dicho plan que aparecen en este artículo son del artículo Castro and Che's foiled (and forgotten) 9 /11 de Humberto Fontova y del libro The Nuclear Deception: Khruschev and the Cuban Missile Crisis, de Servando González. El artículo de Humberto Fontova puede leerse en idioma español, gracias a la traducción de Ernesto Hernández Busto, en:

    El 3 de octubre de 1962 llegó a Nueva York Roberto Santiesteban Casanova, un hombre de confianza de los Castro, que era experto en técnicas terroristas que se había graduado en una escuela secreta de terrorismo ubicada no lejos de la ciudad de La Habana; Santiesteban llegaba con fachada de attaché para ocupar un cargo menor en la Misión Diplomática de Cuba en Naciones Unidas. Santiesteban tan pronto llegó a Nueva York se entrevistó con parte del equipo con el que llevaría a cabo el siniestro plan terrorista; algunos de los integrantes con los que se reunió fueron los también attachés Castristas José Gómez Abad y su esposa lsa Monero Maldonado, así como un cubano dueño de una joyería llamado José García Orellana.

    Según los resultados de búsqueda que he hecho en Internet en sitios oficialistas Castristas y sitios afines, José Gómez Abad (hijo del guerrillero comunista español José Gómez Galloso, ¨López¨, quien fue muerto mediante garrote vil en España el 6 de noviembre de 1948 por sus acciones guerrilleras) nació en La Habana en 1941 y con 19 años de edad se integró a los Órganos de la Seguridad del Estado de Cuba a los cuales perteneció durante tres décadas. En http://www.kaosenlared.net/ leemos: 


    ¨En el transcurso de 30 años, hasta su jubilación, trabajando en la Dirección General de Inteligencia (DGI) del Ministerio del Interior de Cuba, ocupó diferentes cargos y responsabilidades entre ellas el de Jefe de Sección, Ayudante Ejecutivo del Viceministro Primero y Jefe de la DGI.¨

    (José Gómez Abad poco antes de morir; foto tomada durante un viaje que hizo a España)
    .Luego inferimos sin equivocarnos de que José Gómez Abad era miembro de la Seguridad Cubana cuando fue detenido en Nueva York por participar en el mencionado plan terrorista.

    El plan terrorista Castrista consistía en colocar doce dispositivos incendiarios y 500 kilogramos del explosivo TNT en las tiendas Macy's, Gimbels y Bloomingdales, y en la Estación Central de Ferrocarriles de Manhattan. En la página 154 del mencionado libro de Servando González se añaden otros objetivos: la Estatua de la Libertad, la Terminal de ómnibus de la calle 42 y refinerías en la ribera oeste del Hudson, en Nueva Jersey. Las explosiones debían efectuarse durante el ¨Viernes Negro¨ del año 1962.

    El plan incluía muchas personas y ese fue su ¨ talón de Aquiles¨ por el cual el FBI pudo conocer de dicho plan y neutralizarlo. El FBI estimaba que hasta 30 personas podrían formar parte del complot, pero Roberto Santiesteban Casanova, José Gómez Abad y su esposa Elsa Monero Maldonado, una ex guerrillera de la lucha contra el régimen de Fulgencio Batista que había pertenecido al III Frente Oriental ¨Mario Muñoz Monroy¨ eran los tres más importantes. Otros complotados – según Humberto Fontova-eran miembros del capítulo en Nueva York del Comité "Fair Game for Cuba" o ¨Trato Justo para Cuba¨; organización que se haría muy famosa después que al ser detenido Lee Harvey Oswald por el asesinato del Presidente John F. Kennedy se les ocuparon algunos volantes de esa organización.

    El 17 de noviembre de 1962 Santiesteban fue capturado después de correr intentando escapar mientras masticaba y se tragaba algunos papelesen el suelo intentó sacar su pistola cuando era sometido por los agentes del FBI. José y Elsa fueron arrestados sin resistencia al salir de su apartamento. 


     Los terroristas José y Elsa se acogieron a su inmunidad diplomática y pese a ellos haber reclutado a tres persona en los EE.UU. para ese plan, incluyendo entre ellos a una mujer norteamericana, fueron liberados; el caso de Santiesteban fue un poco más complicado pues no había en el momento de su detención aún presentado sus papeles diplomáticos. Roberto Santiesteban Casanova estuvo preso hasta que U Thantel entonces Secretario General de la ONU, intervino para que se le diera la inmunidad diplomática, por lo cual fue liberado con 250 000 dólares de fianza y se le permitió salir de los EE.UU. sin ser llevado a la justicia. De Roberto Santiesteban Casanova se supo que estaba en República Dominicana durante la revuelta de abril de 1965 cooperando con el lado rebelde. Se comprobó de que era un miembro de la Dirección General de la Inteligencia Castrista y de su sistema de sabotaje.

    El Procurador General de los EE.UU. expresó que ese plan estaba "aimed at the heart of the internal security of the United States of America.", o sea, "dirigido al corazón de la seguridad interna de los Estados Unidos de América."

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    Nota del Bloguista de Baracutey Cubano

    En el libro  Foreign Consular Offices in the United States aparece  la tal Margarita Quintana como Miss Jacoba Margarita  Quintana  Quintana como Vice cónsul para Michigan, reconocida desde  el 16 de mayo de 1957; es decir:  cuando aún en Cuba  gobernaba Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar.





    Tomado de LAS GUERRAS SECRETAS DE FIDEL CASTRO: PROYECTO GUATEMALA 1959 Y 1960 y LA ESPIA DE DETROIT
    ENERO 10, 2011

    (fragmentp)


    LA ESPIA DE DETROIT

    En los primeros meses de 1959, el gobierno de Castro envió a Detroit, en un cambio de su consulado a la bella Margarita Quintana, de amplia experiencia diplomática. Además de cónsul, trabajaba para los servicios secretos de Castro,y se relacionó con el ingeniero norteamericano Robert Braun, especialista en el manejo de instrumentos electrónicos, dueño de un laboratorio que suministraba equipos especiales a la Comisión de Energía Atómica de los Estados Unidos.

    En plena luna de miel, Margarita y Braun desaparecieron de los Estados Unidos y se domiciliaron en Cuba, dejando preparadas para su envió a La Habana, todas sus pertenencias que sumaban 25 cajas y paquetes. En mayo y junio de 1960, el equipaje fue llevado al consulado cubano en West Palm Beach para ser reembarcado hacia Cuba, como rezaba en las franquicias. Durante la carga, uno de los bultos llamó la atención de los oficiales aduaneros e intervino el FBI que retuvo el equipaje pese a las airadas protestas del cónsul y de la cancillería cubana.

    Tras una larga batalla judicial con los representantes cubanos, el 9 de agosto de 1961 se obtuvo la orden legal para realizar la inspección (Era un pequeño laboratorio atómico! Se ocuparon métodos de identificación semejantes a los usados por los Estados Unidos para reconocer aviones en pleno vuelo, un sistema de control para bombarderos B-52, instrumentos para reconocimientos aéreos y planos de equipos clasificados. Más sorprendente fue el hallazgo de documentos que relacionaban a la pareja con el espía de secretos relacionados con la energía nuclear Klaus Fuchs, así como las pruebas de que Braun sostenía contactos regulares en Detroit con el agregado comercial soviético, a través de su esposa.

    El rompecabezas fue armándose y en febrero de 1964, se conoció del emplazamiento de bases subterráneas en la provincia de Pinar del Río, supervisadas por el director del programa electrónico de Castro, nada menos que el ingeniero Braun, quien en cooperación con un equipo de ingenieros cubanos y soviéticos, donde figuraba Nicolás Yepylev, laboraba en la instalación de equipos electrónicos muy adelantados para una estación de rastreo de satélites en Cuba. La agencia de noticias francesa France Press, ofrecía la noticia de que Cuba se había convertido en una potencia electrónica equipada para vigilar toda la navegación marítima y aérea del Caribe y la costa oriental de los Estados Unidos.

    Los designios de Castro de reclamar las islas del Cisne, localizadas a mitad de camino entre Cuba y Honduras, no fructificarían en el continente y sólo dejarían recelo, incluso entre los aliados castristas en ese país. Castro quería obtener las Islas del Cisne y también Puerto Cortés, en Honduras; este último, utilizado históricamente por negociantes y aventureros cubanos para contrabandear cargamentos de madera y más tarde, transformado por Castro en un paraje para infiltrar guerrilleros, agentes y alijos de armas, aprovechándose de los cargueros que navegaban por el golfo de Honduras hasta Belice.

    El propio presidente hondureño, Villeda Morales, realizaría en enero de 1961 una locución angustiada ante las amenazas de Castro "yo confieso que somos incapaces de dominar la influencia castrista en Honduras por nuestros propios medios. No podemos derrotarla solos ni puede hacerlo ningún otro país centroamericano. Necesitamos un esfuerzo colectivo. Los países deben abandonar su actitud pasiva".

    Ya para 1963, Castro está experimentando reveses en sus esfuerz­os por subvertir con guerrillas la América Latina, agravados por su sorda disputa con varios partidos comunistas. Sin penas ni glorias, comienzan a languidecer los grupos trotskis­tas peruanos de Hugo Blanco, los colombianos de Pedro Antonio Marín, las huestes brasileñas de Francisco Juliao y el MIR venezolano.

              

    El Rey y el vagabundo. Francisco Almagro Domínguez sobre los Reyes de España en La Habana: Un perro vagabundamente digno: sin casa, pero sin amo

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    El Rey y el vagabundo

    ************
    Un perro vagabundamente digno: sin casa, pero sin amo
    ************
    Composición  fotográfica  de  las  visitas y los respectivos paseos por La Habana Vieja del Príncipe Carlos de  Inglaterra y de los Reyes de España. Foto y comentario añadido por el Bloguista de Baracutey Cubano.


    Por Francisco Almagro Domínguez
    Miami
    26/11/2019
    Quien da pan a perro ajeno,
    pierde el pan y pierde el perro.
    Refrán

    La foto no tiene desperdicio. Podría ganar el Pulitzer de este año. El rey Felipe y la reina Letizia caminan sobre los adoquines de la Habana Colonial. Los siguen enguayaberados funcionarios y guardaespaldas, todos de blanco, para diferenciarse del borbón, que va de guayabera azul cielo. A su lado Letizia, sonriente, veraniego escote, zapatos que parecen elegantes alpargatas hechas a la medida. Y de pronto… ¡un perro! Un indiscreto cánido colado en la instantánea, justamente detrás del Rey que lo ignora, no puede verlo, y algo dice a la Reina con ceño arrugado, como harto del calor y de tanta cola… no la del perro, el mejor amigo, tal vez el único amigo en este lugar. Un funcionario o un agente de la policía política —sutil diferencia—, hace un mohín de disgusto: ¿va a estornudar o a vomitar? ¿Será a causa del perro intruso, escapado, no perdonado, de la misma naturaleza del holocausto zoonótico?

    Cualquier entretenido se preguntaría que hace un rey español por primera vez en Cuba en visita oficial después de 500 años. Pues es fácil. O mejor, lo ha dicho el monarca entre mojitos y comida furtiva en un restaurante privado de la Habana Vieja a los empresarios afincados en la Isla: “No ignoramos las dificultades a las que hacéis frente y que tenemos muy presentes. Nuestras autoridades están trabajando para aliviar su impacto sobre vosotros”. Compete al Rey, jefe de Estado, velar por los intereses españoles en la Siempre Fiel, como hicieron sus mayores durante cuatro siglos y medio.

    Los en contra de la visita hablan de traición a la disidencia, y que los reyes han lavado la cara política a la dictadura. Y si bien eso está entre los efectos colaterales, el objetivo principal de su Majestad era asegurar la presencia económica en Cuba; como un cobrador del frac sin chistera ni chaqueta, decirle a los exsúbditos que en España no están muy abundantes para olvidar sus deudas. Sin duda, la aprobación del título III de la Helms-Burton ha puesto a muchos “gallegos” a temblar: hay una justificación adicional por parte de la Isla para demorar los pagos ante el recrudecimiento del llamado bloqueo.

    /(Los reyes de España en La Habana, Cuba.)

    Otra idea deslizada por el Felipe VI es la revitalización de las llamadas cumbres iberoamericanas, un foro social de presidentes que en los últimos años ha languidecido por ser, precisamente, hispano-descendientes —la debilidad institucional, el poco fijador democrático. La última cumbre celebrada en Guatemala —XXVI— tuvo la presencia de 14 mandatarios, apenas la mitad de los convocados. Siendo la Corona y España los creadores de esta suerte de Commonwealth hispanoamericana o Mancomunidad de Naciones hispanoparlantes —como hubieran deseado muchos intelectuales cubanos en el Siglo XIX— toca al Rey ir al país más díscolo, aquel que sería capaz de “ponerle malo el dao”, y convencerlo, dinero en mano, que es hora de retomar el camino de la cooperación trasatlántica.

    Pero Felipe VI o Pedro Sánchez hubieran escogido otro momento: el contraataque foro-paulista ha tenido su primera importante baja en Bolivia, y se acerca, peligrosamente, la pacificación de Chile, el aborto de la insurrección en Colombia, el probable segundo aire de la oposición desleal venezolana, el apagamiento de la insurrección castro-chavista en Ecuador y Perú. Justamente en las mazmorras del Santiago de Cuba irredento, allí donde el Almirante Cervera hizo galas de obediencia y sacrificó los últimos buques de la otrora Armada Española, ha ido el Rey, que nada lo quiere saber, de José Daniel Ferrer. Difícilmente podrá el gobierno español, por demás bien girado ahora a la izquierda, reparar los daños colaterales hechos al barco de la monarquía española con esta visita que, sin ton, pero con mucho son, no ha recibido más que críticas de las fuerzas democráticas.

    Por la parte cubana todo pudo ir mejor, excepto por el perro o los que caminan erectos. El borbón hizo a lo que vino: calmar a los empresarios y traer turismo rosa; las revistas del corazón tienen fotos para rato. También será muy difícil creerle a la disidencia cubana después que el próximo Alto Representante de la Unión Europea ha visitado el país varias veces y no ha dicho una sola palabra de los arrestos y el desastre socio-económico de la Isla. Josep Borrell es, junto a Sánchez, artífice de este tour real, y son en parte responsables de lo que suceda después de otorgar este cheque en blanco moral al régimen de la Habana.

    Poniéndonos en los pies del que hace de presidente, la visita es de una necesidad vital para el desgobierno. No hay lado para el que se vire, que accedan a prestarle dinero. Se lo regalan. Es preferible para evitarse el viaje a la Feria de la Habana, a sufrir otra vez con el frac y la chistera negra, a sudar bajo 30 grados de temperatura. Donación de 25 millones para saneamiento y acueductos de los municipios al este de la ciudad —ya habían recibido 51 millones en 2018 para lo mismo—; 50 locomotoras rusas; luces donadas —de uso— por Turín para iluminar Galiano, una de las arterias comerciales que la Involución lleno de sombras chinescas; y hablando de China, $112 millones, otra vez para saneamiento y regadíos —a cada cual según su necesidad de higiene.

    Aun así, el personaje del presidente tuvo que hacer una escena difícil, la más complicada de su carrera actoral. Fue en el Palacio de los Capitales Generales; enfrentarse como un hombrecito, autoestima mambisa por el piso, al discurso de un rey español que le daba lecciones de libertad y democracia cinco siglos después, sin pedir perdón por el genocidio de Valeriano Weyler en el Siglo XIX. Aunque el Designado vivió el Obamazo en el Gran Teatro de la Habana y nada sucedió entonces, ahora no tiene un Máximo Líder para cargar las tintas contra el borbón, tras oírlo decir que “es en democracia como mejor se representan y se defienden los derechos humanos, la libertad y la dignidad de las personas y los intereses de nuestros ciudadanos”. No, no hay nadie para escribir algo así como El hermano Felipe, o Los Dólares que nos amenazan —esto último para desgraciarle la jugada de las Tiendas Hernán Cortes II.

    La foto del Designado, muy cerca del atril del Rey, tampoco tiene desperdicio —¿será el mismo indiscreto reportero del diario español El País? Quien hace el protagónico parece ajeno, perdido, póker face. El Rey y la Reina no se imaginan cuánto ha tenido que hacer este hombre para que la ciudad parezca digna de sus altezas reales. Nunca pudieran entender cuanto perro hubo que matar, y cuantos “deambulantes crónicos” —vagabundos— esconder. ¡Vete Canelo, vete, sale de la foto! —grita alguien por allá detrás. El Rey y un perro vagabundo. Un perro vagabundamente digno: sin casa, pero sin amo. Todo me lo han echado a perder esta gente, suspira él. Y le ordenan no despedir a sus majestades en Santiago de Cuba. Abrumado por el desencanto, a un tiro de piedra, prefiere irse a Caimanera. ¡Ay Miguel! ¡Tan lejos de España, tan cerca de Donald Trump!


    © cubaencuentro.com

              

    How Spices Have Made, and Unmade, Empires

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    From turmeric in Nicaragua to cardamom in Guatemala, nonnative ingredients are redefining trade routes and making unexpected connections across lands.
              

    Guatemalan National busted at border with guns and ammunition

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    none
              

    Written by Michael Tettelbaum and Lewis

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    La main du diable: Comment l’extrme droite a voulu sduire les Juifs de FranceBook itself is very cute. Nice illustrations. HavingLa vie de couple – Dix clefs pour mieux vivre deuxIl silenzio delle pietreQute de l’Oiseau du Temps – Avant la Qute – tome 5 – EmpriseMmoires d’un lutteur de sumClara au Guatemala: L’odysse glamour …
              

    30th Nov: Guatemala: Heart of the Mayan World (2019), 1hr 6m [TV-G] (6/10)

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    From Sierra de las Minas to Esquipulas, explore Guatemala's cultural and geological wealth, including ancient Mayan cities and other natural wonders.

              

    Event Update For 2019-11-29

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    The seas, lakes and oceans are now pluming deadly hydrogen sulfide and suffocating methane. Hydrogen sulfide is a highly toxic water-soluble heavier-than-air gas and will accumulate in low-lying areas. Methane is slightly more buoyant than normal air and so will be all around, but will tend to contaminate our atmosphere from the top down. These gases are sickening and killing oxygen-using life all around the world, including human life, as our atmosphere is increasingly poisoned. Because both gases are highly flammable and because our entire civilization is built around fire and flammable fuels, this is leading to more fires and explosions. This is an extinction level event and will likely decimate both the biosphere and human population and it is debatable whether humankind can survive this event.




    A. More fires and more explosions, especially along the coasts, but everywhere generally.
    B. Many more animal die-offs, of all kinds, and especially oceanic species.
    C. More multiples of people will be found dead in their homes, as if they'd dropped dead.
    D. More corpses found in low-lying areas, all over the world.
    E. More unusual vehicular accidents.
    F. Improved unemployment numbers as people die off.




    Category: Variety Pack

    2019-11-29 - Underground electrical explosion and fire cause blackouts at South Coast Plaza in Costa Mesa (California), near the coast:
    http://ktla.com/2019/11/29/apparent-underground-vault-explosion-temporarily-cuts-power-at-south-coast-plaza-on-black-friday/
    http://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/local/Explosion-Causes-Power-Outage-at-South-Coast-Plaza_Los-Angeles-565629242.html
    http://www.ocregister.com/2019/11/29/officials-working-to-fix-power-outage-at-south-coast-plaza-in-the-midst-of-black-friday-shopping/
    http://abc7.com/costa-mesa-mall-has-power-outage-on-black-friday/5726281/

    2019-11-29 - Auto salvage yard hit by fire, six vehicles burn, in Jurupa Valley (California):
    http://www.myvalleynews.com/fire-engulfs-six-cars-at-jurupa-valley-salvage-yard/

    Quote: "A fire engulfed six vehicles at a salvage yard in Jurupa Valley Friday before being knocked down in about 20 minutes."

    2019-11-29 - Five cars and auto shop go up in flames in Fresno (California):
    http://abc30.com/crews-investigating-cause-of-two-alarm-fire-at-east-central-fresno-auto-shop/5725783/

    Quote: "Fire crews say five cars were inside the shop and were damaged by the fire."

    2019-11-29 - Towing business destroyed by fire on Cyrus Creek Road in Barboursville (West Virginia):
    http://www.herald-dispatch.com/news/fire-destroys-barboursville-towing-auto-repair-shop/article_1e27f8c7-d5e9-548c-a050-42b83136a8b2.html
    http://www.wsaz.com/content/news/Fire-crews-respond-to-large-fire-at-towing-company-565617562.html

    2019-11-29 - Heavy truck goes up in flames in the wee hours and kills man while parked in Kanpur (India):
    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kanpur/truck-cabin-catches-fire-driver-charred-to-death-on-highway/articleshow/72300794.cms

    Quote: "A truck driver from Etawah was charred to death after the vehicle’s cabin mysteriously caught fire near Bara Jod toll plaza on Kanpur-Etawah highway in Kanpur Dehat district in the wee hours of Friday."

    2019-11-29 - Two cars and home destroyed by fire at 12:34 AM, another home damaged, in coastal Chestnut Hill Cove (Maryland):
    http://patch.com/maryland/annearundel/fire-damages-two-cars-two-homes-chestnut-hill-cove-officials

    2019-11-29 - Amazon fires are causing glaciers in the Andes to melt even faster:
    http://www.yahoo.com/news/amazon-fires-causing-glaciers-andes-162836952.html

    2019-11-29 - First drought and now a heatwave bring misery to South Africa:
    http://www.thebigwobble.org/2019/11/drought-hit-south-africa-is-bracing.html

    2019-11-29 - Food prices are skyrocketing in a variety of areas around the world and economists are hungry worried:
    http://www.aljazeera.com/ajimpact/food-prices-skyrocketing-economists-worried-191128071235780.html
    http://robinwestenra.blogspot.com/2019/11/skyrocketing-food-prices-worldwide.html
    http://bptnews.org/2019/11/food-prices-are-skyrocketing-and-economists-are-worried/

    2019-11-29 - People protest climate change inaction around the world days before climate conference in Madrid (Spain):
    http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/global-climate-protests-begin-ahead-of-madrid-meeting-1.4707963
    http://www.afp.com/en/news/826/global-climate-protests-kick-smoke-covered-sydney-doc-1mo1gj3
    http://www.deccanherald.com/international/world-news-politics/climate-protests-kick-off-in-smoke-covered-sydney-780864.html

    Quote: "Protesters in cities across the world staged rallies Friday demanding leaders take tougher action against climate change, days before the latest global conference, which this year takes place in Madrid. The rallies kicked off in Australia, where people affected by recent devastating wildfires joined young environmentalists protesting against the government's pro-coal stance."




    2019-11-29 - Boat damaged by explosions and fire in coastal Cape Coral (Florida):
    http://www.nbc-2.com/story/41387760/charred-boat-stuck-in-a-cape-coral-sand-bar-after-fire
    http://www.wptv.com/news/state/florida-boaters-jump-ship-after-large-explosion
    http://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/nation-world/national/article237878149.html
    http://wtop.com/national/2019/11/florida-boaters-jump-ship-after-large-explosion/
    http://www.nbcmiami.com/news/local/Boaters-Jump-Ship-After-Thanksgiving-Day-Explosion-565605422.html
    http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2019/11/29/us/ap-us-boat-explosion.html
    http://www.baltimoresun.com/sns-bc-us--boat-explosion-20191129-story.html
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kZAy9t4IlC4

    Note: This is the 959th boat/ship to burn/explode in 2019...

    2019-11-29 - Tanker truck bursts into flame at 6:45 AM on Highway 97 south of Culver (Oregon):
    http://ktvz.com/news/2019/11/29/fuel-tanker-truck-burns-at-juniper-butte-weigh-station/

    2019-11-29 - Two semi tractors go up in flames in field in Wichita (Kansas):
    http://twitter.com/wichitafireorg/status/1200478187106508801

    Quote: "SEMI TRACTOR FIRE | Area E 77th St N / N Rock Rd | E37 has two semi tractors on fire in the middle of a field | 12:14 PM · Nov 29, 2019"

    2019-11-29 - Semi tractor bursts into flame at business, fire spreads to warehouse, in Calgary (Canada):
    http://calgary.ctvnews.ca/semi-tractor-fire-spreads-to-warehouse-in-southeast-calgary-blaze-1.4709371
    http://flipboard.com/article/semi-tractor-fire-spreads-to-warehouse-in-southeast-calgary-blaze/a-9VKNWWXlQFeqjnyJPBWWmg%3Aa%3A2823982346-2701c10311%2Fctvnews.ca

    Quote: "A semi tractor caught fire Friday, which then spread to a shipping warehouse in southeast Calgary."

    Note: These are the 2050th, 2051st, 2052nd and 2053rd tractors/tankers/semis to burn/explode in 2019...

    2019-11-29 - Four trucks go up in flames at Department of Transportation facility in Winsted (Connecticut):
    http://fox61.com/2019/11/29/pick-up-truck-fire-spreads-to-other-vehicles-at-dot-repair-facility/
    http://www.wfsb.com/news/several-dot-vehicles-catch-fire-in-winsted/article_a5ef8e20-12c2-11ea-b2f6-4f203e1741f4.html
    http://www.nbcconnecticut.com/news/local/Several-DOT-Trucks-Burning-in-Winsted-565607772.html
    http://www.wtnh.com/news/connecticut/litchfield/several-plow-trucks-caught-on-fire-at-dot-facility-in-winsted/
    http://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/connecticut/articles/2019-11-29/fire-damages-dot-plow-trucks-service-truck-in-winsted

    2019-11-29 - Van bursts into flame on I-89 near Richmond (Vermont):
    http://www.wcax.com/content/news/Van-fire-stalls-traffic-on-Interstate-89-565617112.html
    http://www.mynbc5.com/article/i-89-southbound-reduced-to-one-lane-following-vehicle-fire/30058446

    2019-11-29 - Pickup truck bursts into flame on Old Great Mills Road in Great Mills (Maryland), 2 miles from the coast:
    http://smnewsnet.com/archives/466288/video-firefighters-respond-to-vehicle-fire-in-great-mills/
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mf1_Z6iPLpo

    2019-11-29 - Pickup truck bursts into flame on I-80 in Roseville (California):
    http://www.sacbee.com/news/local/crime/article237899869.html

    2019-11-29 - Car bursts into flame on I-95 near Gardiner (Maine):
    http://www.wmtw.com/article/firefighters-respond-to-car-fire-on-i-95-near-gardiner/30058819

    2019-11-29 - Car bursts into flame at gas station in Sycamore Township (Ohio):
    http://www.fox19.com/2019/11/30/car-catches-fire-sycamore-township-gas-station/
    http://twitter.com/IAFF3907/status/1200571669733138433

    2019-11-29 - Car bursts into flame on Highway 17 bypass in Horry County (South Carolina):
    http://wpde.com/news/local/horry-co-firefighters-respond-to-vehicle-fire-on-highway-17-bypass
    http://www.wbtw.com/news/firefighters-responding-to-car-fire-on-17-bypass-near-farrow-parkway/

    2019-11-29 - Two cars go up in flames while parked in Love Lane in coastal Burnham-on-Sea (Britain):
    http://www.somersetlive.co.uk/news/cars-destroyed-unexplained-blaze-side-3596203

    2019-11-29 - Car bursts into flame on Kirland Road in Bodmin (Britain):
    http://www.piratefm.co.uk/news/latest-news/2998739/road-closed-after-car-fire-on-back-lane-in-bodmin/
    http://www.cornwalllive.com/news/cornwall-news/live-bodmin-road-closed-fire-3590415

    2019-11-29 - Car bursts into flame on M3 slip road in Surrey (Britain), separate crash too:
    http://www.getsurrey.co.uk/news/surrey-news/live-m25-traffic-crash-m3-17334966

    2019-11-29 - Car bursts into flame on Lyncastle Way in Warrington (Britain):
    http://www.cheshirefire.gov.uk/news-events/incidents/ongoing-car-on-fire-in-warrington

    2019-11-29 - Vehicle bursts into flame on Highway 18 near Otis (Oregon), near the coast:
    http://www.newslincolncounty.com/archives/237683

    2019-11-29 - Vehicle bursts into flame on Sea View Road in coastal Poole (Britain):
    http://www.dwfire.org.uk/incident/fire-vehicle-poole-3/

    2019-11-29 - Home damaged by fire on Bisland Drive in Raleigh (North Carolina):
    http://www.wral.com/two-adults-displaced-after-house-fire-in-raleigh/18801833/

    2019-11-29 - Home damaged by fire on Kennedy Road in the Crystal Lakes area in Bethel Township (Ohio), 1 injured:
    http://www.daytondailynews.com/news/local/crews-report-heavy-smoke-fire-clark-county-house-fire/OXxWb8YWE19F86FhyqQmkK/

    2019-11-29 - Home heavily damaged by fire at 4:45 AM on Oak Hill Road in Lake Barrington Shores (Illinois), 1 injured:
    http://chicago.suntimes.com/2019/11/29/20988202/woman-critically-injured-lake-barrington-shores-fire-oak-hill-road-wauconda-dog-rescued

    2019-11-29 - Home heavily damaged by garage fire on Lowell Drive in Evesham Township (New Jersey):
    http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2019/11/29/fire-crews-spent-thanksgiving-night-battling-large-house-fire-in-evesham-township/

    2019-11-29 - Home heavily damaged by fire on Wick Street in Buffalo (New York):
    http://www.wgrz.com/article/news/local/buffalo-firefighters-battle-wick-street-fire/71-fcdcb58e-2212-4377-9643-a48b22c50ed8

    2019-11-29 - Home heavily damaged by fire on East Main Street in Ephrata Borough (Pennsylvania), several pets killed:
    http://lancasteronline.com/news/local/people-displaced-after-friday-fire-in-ephrata-borough-video-photo/article_1ae4bb26-12bc-11ea-8d7d-fb0b8e7fd2ac.html

    2019-11-29 - Home destroyed by fire at 1:17 AM on Weaver Avenue in Kalamazoo (Michigan), nobody there:
    http://fox17online.com/2019/11/29/firefighters-respond-to-kalamazoo-home-fully-engulfed-in-flames/
    http://wwmt.com/news/local/fire-engulfs-kalamazoo-home-on-black-friday
    http://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/2019/11/early-morning-fire-engulfs-home.html

    2019-11-29 - Apartment building damaged by fire in Montgomery Village (Maryland), several injured:
    http://foxbaltimore.com/news/local/apartment-building-evacuated-at-least-6-hurt-in-fire

    2019-11-29 - Apartment building destroyed by fire in Beaver (Utah):
    http://www.ksl.com/article/46682962/13-displaced-9-units-damaged-in-beaver-apartment-fire

    2019-11-29 - Condo building damaged by fire on Cape Henry Court in coastal Virginia Beach (Virginia), 1200 feet from the ocean:
    http://wtkr.com/2019/11/29/condo-fire-under-investigation-in-virginia-beach/

    2019-11-29 - Deadly fire burns home just after midnight on East 128th Street in Ensley Township (Michigan), 1 killed:
    http://fox17online.com/2019/11/29/homeowner-found-dead-after-newaygo-county-fire/

    2019-11-29 - Deadly fire burns home on Grandview Drive in Colonie (New York), 1 killed:
    http://www.timesunion.com/news/article/Firefighters-on-scene-of-Colonie-blaze-14871702.php
    http://cbs6albany.com/news/local/crews-battle-house-fire-in-latham

    2019-11-29 - Deadly fire destroys home in Kaysville (Utah), 1 killed:
    http://www.ksl.com/article/46683031/1-dead-in-overnight-kaysville-house-fire
    http://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/utah/articles/2019-11-30/76-year-old-man-dead-after-house-fire-in-kaysville
    http://ksltv.com/426652/man-found-dead-after-crews-put-out-fire-in-kaysville-home/

    2019-11-29 - Vacant home destroyed by fire on Burr Road just outside Springfield (Tennessee):
    http://www.wsmv.com/news/vacant-home-in-springfield-a-total-loss-after-fire/article_4689fae2-1330-11ea-877f-b78f72276515.html

    2019-11-29 - Vacant home destroyed by fire just before 1 AM in Woodstock (Vermont):
    http://www.mynbc5.com/article/woodstock-building-total-loss-following-early-morning-fire/30058953
    http://www.wcax.com/content/news/Fire-in-vacant-building-in-Woodstock-considered-a-total-loss-565637712.html

    2019-11-29 - Vacant warehouse burns in Highlands County (Florida):
    http://www.wfla.com/news/highlands-county/highland-fire-crews-put-out-warehouse-fire/




    2019-11-29 - Porpoise washes ashore dead on beach in coastal Whitstable (Britain):
    http://www.kentonline.co.uk/whitstable/news/porpoise-found-on-beach-217485/




    2019-11-29 - Man, 43, collapses on boat after diving, hits his head and dies, near coastal Juno Beach (Florida):
    http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/20191130/georgia-man-43-dies-after-diving-near-juno-beach
    http://cbs12.com/news/local/man-suddenly-dies-after-during-diving-trip
    http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/fl-ne-diver-dies-off-juno-beach-20191201-ehn2f34l5nf2vnginriffyx5m4-story.html
    http://www.11alive.com/article/news/local/kennesaw/kennesaw-man-diving-death-juno-beach-james-ligon/85-6b7e0d2f-8c0e-4c1b-bda0-0c634a0fdf20

    Quote: "A diver died after he collapsed on a charter boat in Juno Beach Friday afternoon, according to the Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office. Deputies say the charter boat captain requested assistance from the U.S. Coast Guard after 43-year-old James Ligon of Kennesaw, Georgia collapsed on the deck and hit his head."

    2019-11-29 - Man found dead in Lake Berryessa (California), empty 'ghost boat' found first:
    http://napavalleyregister.com/news/local/body-found-of-fisherman-missing-on-lake-berryessa/article_fbfbeb5e-8550-5a01-a337-cdcff8491cd7.html
    http://spotoncalifornia.com/northern-bay-area/1946158/body-found-of-fisherman-missing-on-lake.html
    http://www.newsbreak.com/news/0NSOUG0U/body-found-of-fisherman-missing-on-lake-berryessa

    2019-11-29 - Man, 39, found dead in Stevens Creek in Edgefield County (South Carolina), empty 'ghost boat' found first:
    http://www.wjbf.com/news/north-augusta-man-identified-as-stevens-creek-drowning-victim/
    http://www.wrdw.com/content/news/DNR-38-year-old-North-Augusta-fishermans-body-found-in-Stevens-Creek-565606482.html

    2019-11-29 - Man drops dead near freeway off-ramp in the Chollas Creek neighborhood in coastal San Diego (California):
    http://fox5sandiego.com/2019/11/29/man-found-dead-near-freeway-off-ramp/

    2019-11-29 - Woman found dead in the Lindo Channel near bike trail in Chico (California):
    http://www.chicoer.com/2019/11/29/woman-found-dead-off-the-esplanade-bike-trail/
    http://krcrtv.com/news/butte-county/body-found-in-lindo-channel-next-to-chico-nut-company

    2019-11-29 - Person found dead in submerged car in lake in Monroe (New York):
    http://www.recordonline.com/news/20191129/driver-found-dead-in-car-in-monroe-lake

    2019-11-29 - Man found dead in field in Gallup (New Mexico):
    http://www.krqe.com/news/new-mexico/gallup-police-investigating-body-found-in-field/
    http://www.santafenewmexican.com/news/briefs/gallup-police-body-found-in-open-field/article_ad1abf58-7e81-565e-89e1-41468d2e76b8.html
    http://www.sfchronicle.com/news/article/New-Mexico-police-discover-third-open-field-death-14871257.php

    2019-11-29 - Man, 38, found dead in Laurel Bed Lake (Virginia):
    http://wcyb.com/news/local/officials-body-found-in-laurel-bed-lake-recovery-efforts-underway

    2019-11-29 - Driver has 'medical event', pulls over and dies, on State Highway 1 near Ohaeawai (New Zealand):
    http://www.msn.com/en-nz/news/national/driver-dies-of-medical-event-in-far-north/ar-BBXxBia
    http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/AK1911/S00675/update-serious-crash-on-state-highway-1-ohaeawai.htm
    http://www.police.govt.nz/news/release/update-serious-crash-state-highway-1-ohaeawai
    http://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?id=21253884267&story_fbid=10158053532059268

    Quote: "A driver who pulled over after suffering a 'medical event' on State Highway 1 at Ohaeawai has died, police say. In a statement this morning, police said a lane was blocked about 10am after a single-vehicle crash that blocked one lane. However, they later confirmed it was not a crash but that the driver had pulled over as they suffered a medical event."

    2019-11-29 - Man drops dead in apartment in Angeles City (Philippine Islands), near the coast:
    http://www.philstar.com/nation/2019/11/30/1972982/briton-found-dead-angeles-city-apartment

    2019-11-29 - Woman, 55, found dead in apartment in Delhi (India):
    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/woman-found-dead-under-mysterious-circumstances-in-delhi/articleshow/72303431.cms

    2019-11-29 - Infant boy dies at home in Mangotsfield (Britain), 10 miles from the coast:
    http://www.bristolpost.co.uk/news/bristol-news/street-shut-down-after-death-3583915

    2019-11-29 - Man found dead in Victoria Park in Leicester (Britain):
    http://www.leicestermercury.co.uk/news/leicester-news/body-found-victoria-park-city-3594008




    2019-11-29 - Passenger has 'medical event' on passenger plane, plane diverts to the island of Tahiti:
    http://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/article/Houston-bound-flight-makes-unscheduled-stop-in-14870981.php
    http://www.stuff.co.nz/authors/ripu-bhatia/117842136/medical-emergency-forces-air-new-zealand-flight-to-land-in-tahiti
    http://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/houston-texas/article/Houston-bound-flight-makes-unscheduled-stop-in-14870981.php
    http://www.odt.co.nz/star-news/star-national/medical-emergency-air-nz-flight-texas-diverted
    http://www.odt.co.nz/news/national/medical-emergency-air-nz-flight-texas-diverted
    http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12289750

    Quote: "A plane bound for Houston made an unscheduled landing in Tahiti Friday morning, related on to an on-board medical event."

    2019-11-29 - Passenger has 'medical emergency' on ferry ship off the Isle of Man:
    http://www.three.fm/news/isle-of-man-news/ben-my-chree-turns-back-due-to-medical-emergency/

    Quote: "The Steam Packet Company says it's due to a medical emergency on board."

    2019-11-29 - Person has 'medical incident' and falls off bicycle near Cobham (Britain), 1 injured:
    http://www.getsurrey.co.uk/news/surrey-news/medical-emergency-cobham-live-surrey-17338059

    Quote: "We were called at around 12.30pm to Portsmouth Road (A307) near Cobham to someone who had reportedly collapsed off a bike. It was believed to be a medical incident and they had fallen off as a result of that."

    2019-11-29 - Small plane crashes in Woodville (Australia), 2 killed:
    http://www.whitsundaytimes.com.au/news/two-dead-in-light-aircraft-crash/3891420/
    http://twitter.com/9NewsSyd/status/1200608497479503872

    2019-11-29 - Tanker truck overturns at 3 AM on I-40 in Nashville (Tennessee), 1 injured:
    http://www.wkrn.com/news/i-40-east-closed-in-wilson-county-due-to-overturned-tractor-trailer/

    2019-11-29 - Box truck veers across median, crashes into pickup truck and overturns, near Houston (Texas), 1 killed:
    http://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Wreck-involving-overturned-big-rig-closes-I-45-14870457.php

    Quote: "Investigators are working to determine if the driver had some sort of medical emergency before the crash."

    2019-11-29 - Van and pickup truck crash in Four Corners (Oregon), 3 killed, 10 injured:
    http://katu.com/news/local/3-dead-10-injured-in-high-impact-crash-in-marion-county
    http://www.kgw.com/article/news/local/3-dead-10-injured-in-marion-county-crash/283-1d83cccb-7ccc-4ea1-b947-7e124b7f8d8c

    2019-11-29 - SUV overturns at 1:55 AM on I-295 in coastal Yarmouth (Maine), 4 injured:
    http://wgme.com/news/local/children-inside-car-as-it-rolls-over-early-friday
    http://www.pressherald.com/2019/11/29/driver-injured-in-early-morning-yarmouth-rollover-crash-on-i-295/
    http://www.centralmaine.com/2019/11/29/driver-seriously-injured-when-suv-rolls-over-on-i-295-in-yarmouth/

    2019-11-29 - Three cars crash in Madison County (Alabama), 1 injured:
    http://whnt.com/2019/11/29/wreck-causing-traffic-backup-on-highway-72-at-dug-hill-road/

    Quote: "Crews on the scene said the person taken to the hospital may have had a medical issue."

    2019-11-29 - Car veers off road, crashes into pole, fire erupts, in Portland (Oregon), 1 injured:
    http://katu.com/news/local/driver-knocks-down-power-pole-car-catches-ire-in-north-portland

    2019-11-29 - Car veers off road, plunges hundreds of feet into canyon, on Sycamore Canyon Road, near coastal Pfeiffer Beach (California), 2 injured:
    http://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/local/Cal-Fire-Rescue-Couple-Vehicle-Side-of-Road-Scripps-Poway-HWY-67-565616852.html
    http://fox5sandiego.com/2019/11/29/two-people-rescued-by-helicopter-after-car-crashes-into-ravine/

    2019-11-29 - Car veers off road at 4:17 AM, crashes into tree, bursts into flame, near Bowman (South Carolina), 1 killed:
    http://thetandd.com/news/local/person-killed-near-bowman-when-vehicle-hits-tree-catches-fire/article_5f795c40-ee55-5e6f-a48b-8a4cbaae81b0.html
    http://abcnews4.com/news/local/driver-dead-after-vehicle-strikes-tree-catches-fire-in-orangeburg-county
    http://wach.com/news/local/troopers-vehicle-crashes-into-tree-catches-on-fire-in-orangeburg-county

    2019-11-29 - Car veers off road at 5 AM, crashes into ditch and tree, near coastal Rainbow Haven Beach (Canada), 1 killed:
    http://www.halifaxtoday.ca/police-beat/halifax-woman-dies-in-crash-near-rainbow-haven-beach-1890907

    2019-11-29 - Car veers off road, crashes into home, in coastal Stamford (Connecticut), 1 injured:
    http://www.stamfordadvocate.com/policereports/article/Crash-shuts-down-part-of-Oaklawn-Avenue-in-14871058.php




    2019-11-29 - Dog attacks and injures man at park in coastal Mashpee (Massachusetts):
    http://www.capecodtimes.com/news/20191129/man-bitten-by-dog-at-mashpee-park-taken-to-hospital




    2019-11-29 - Man has 'medical episode' while working on scaffold in Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania):
    http://www.wpxi.com/news/top-stories/man-who-lost-consciousness-unable-to-move-rescued-from-scaffolding-in-pittsburgh/1014062490
    http://triblive.com/local/pittsburgh-allegheny/rope-team-rescues-unconscious-worker-stranded-on-scaffold-in-pittsburghs-north-side/
    http://www.msn.com/en-us/health/medical/man-has-medical-episode-while-doing-scaffolding-work/vp-BBXxIYk
    http://snewsi.com/id/194100860420/Man-Has-Medical-Episode-While-Doing-Scaffolding-Work
    http://news.yahoo.com/man-medical-episode-while-doing-041050565.html

    2019-11-29 - Dangerous volcano Fuego erupts again in Guatemala, other volcanic activity around the world too:
    http://www.thebigwobble.org/2019/11/guatemalas-most-deadly-colossus-fuego.html
    http://www.thebigwobble.org/2019/11/a-spectacular-week-for-volcano-activity.html

    2019-11-29 - Magnitude 4.5 earthquake strikes near coastal Port Orford (Oregon):
    http://katu.com/news/local/45-quake-reported-off-coast-of-oregon

    2019-11-29 - Large waterspouts filmed near Split (Croatia):
    http://www.total-croatia-news.com/lifestyle/39923-waterspouts-near-split
    http://www.sott.net/article/424900-Footage-of-large-waterspouts-near-Split-Croatia

    2019-11-29 - Strange trumpeting sounds heard in coastal Anchorage (Alaska):
    http://www.sott.net/article/424891-Strange-trumpeting-sounds-heard-in-Anchorage-Alaska
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPnVe2GatrM

    2019-11-29 - Amazonian tree with human-sized leaves finally identified as new species:
    http://news.mongabay.com/2019/11/amazon-tree-giant-leaves-coccoloba-gigantifolia-new-species-brazil/
    http://www.sott.net/article/424913-Amazonian-tree-with-human-sized-leaves-finally-Identified-as-new-species

    Note: Whoa, now that's a leaf!


              

    Felipe VI ofrece este lunes una recepción al presidente Danilo Medina

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    El Rey Felipe VI ofrece este lunes una recepción para los presidentes de República Dominicana, Danilo Medina, y de Ecuador, Lenín Moreno, que asisten esta semana a la Cumbre del Clima de Naciones Unidas (COP25) en Madrid.

    El monarca recibirá a las 17.30 horas en el Palacio Real a Medina, y Moreno podrá reunirse con el rey a las 18.00 horas. Más tarde, a las 18.30 horas, Felipe VI ofrecerá una recepción a los jefes de Estado, de Gobierno y a las delegaciones asistentes a la cumbre.

    La agenda del rey continuará el martes en el Palacio de la Zarzuela. A las 10.00 horas, Felipe VI mantendrá un encuentro con el presidente de la República de Costa Rica, Carlos Alvarado Quesada, a las 10.30, con el presidente de Argentina, Mauricio Macri, y a las 13.00 horas con el presidente de Austria, Alexander Van der Bellen.

    Por último, el miércoles el Rey recibirá en audiencia en el Palacio de la Zarzuela de Madrid al presidente de la República de Guatemala, Jimmy Morales, a las 17.00 horas.

    Asimismo, el monarca recibirá en audiencia en el Palacio de la Zarzuela el martes a las 09.00 horas a la presidenta de la Cámara de Representantes de los Estados Unidos, Nanci Pelosi, que acudirá acompañada de una delegación de miembros de la Cámara.

    El martes, Felipe VI también se reunirá con el secretario general de las Naciones Unidas, Antonio Gutiérrez, a las 12.00 horas en el Palacio de la Zarzuela.


              

    La apertura de la cumbre del clima reúne en Madrid a 50 jefes de Estado

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    Madrid, 2 dic (EFE).- La Cumbre del Clima (COP25) que deberá sentar las bases para una nueva fase de acción climática arranca hoy en Madrid con la presencia de cincuenta jefes de Estado o de Gobierno y representantes de los principales organismos internacionales.

    En la ceremonia de apertura de la 25 Conferencia de las Partes del Convenio Marco de Naciones Unidas sobre Cambio Climático participan hoy, entre otros, el secretario general de la ONU, António Guterres, el presidente en funciones del Gobierno español, Pedro Sánchez, la nueva presidenta de la Comisión Europea, Ursula von der Leyen, o la ministra chilena de Medio Ambiente y presidenta de la cumbre, Carolina Schmidt.

    A la ceremonia inaugural han confirmado asistencia más de cincuenta jefes de Estado o de Gobierno y los máximos responsables de numerosos organismos internacionales.

    Estarán hoy en Madrid veinte primeros ministros europeos; los presidentes de Argentina, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras y la República Dominicana; el primer ministro de Marruecos, Saadeddine Othmani; el Príncipe Alberto de Mónaco o la presidenta de la Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos, Nanci Pelosi.

    Asisten también hoy a la inauguración de la cumbre los responsables de las principales instituciones europeas (Comisión, Consejo Europeo y Parlamento) y los presidentes o primeros ministros de numerosos países africanos y asiáticos.

    Antes de la apertura oficial, el presidente del Gobierno en funciones, Pedro Sánchez, se reunirá con los jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de la UE y con el secretario general de la ONU, António Guterres, y por la tarde lo hará con los responsables de los Gobiernos de América Latina.

    Sánchez ofrecerá además un almuerzo 'ecológico' a los jefes de Estado y de Gobierno -elaborado por los propietarios del restaurante 'El Celler de Can Roca- y la agenda oficial se completará por la tarde con la recepción que ofrecen los Reyes en el Palacio Real. EFE


              

    El Cobán del salvadoreño Rodríguez comanda a los 6 clasificados en Guatemala

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    Guatemala, 1 dic (EFE).- Con su reñida victoria en casa ante el Iztapa, el Cobán, que dirige el salvadoreño Jorge 'el Zarco' Rodríguez, volvió a terminar en el primer sitio de la clasificación del Apertura 2019 guatemalteco y como cabeza de los seis equipos que, a falta de dos jornadas, se han clasificado a la fase final.

    1. LOS SEIS CLASIFICADOS

    Además del Cobán, que lidera la clasificación con 38 puntos, certificaron su pase a la liguilla el Municipal (37 puntos), que venció el sábado al Siquinalá; el Comunicaciones (36), que empató con Antigua (34); y el Guastatoya y el Sanarate, que también tienen 34 unidades con una menor diferencia de goles y que ganaron sus respectivos duelos como locales.

    2. LAS SEMIFINALES A PULSO

    Solo 4 puntos distancian al líder Cobán del cuarto, quinto y sexto lugar: Antigua, Guastatoya y Sanarate. Todos, junto al Municipal y el Comunicaciones -los dos más laureados equipos guatemaltecos- tienen la posibilidad de terminar arriba en la clasificación y reclamar esos dos boletos directos a semifinal que ganan el primer y el segundo lugar de la fase regular.

    3. LOS SEIS ELIMINADOS

    La clasificación de los seis equipos, los mismos que lideraron durante la segunda fase del torneo, dejó a la otra mitad fuera. Malacateco perdió contra Santa Lucía, el décimo clasificado; mientras que Iztapa y Xelajú cayeron ante el líder Cobán y el cuarto Guastatoya, respectivamente.

    En el sótano del torneo Apertura 2019 están los infaltables Mixco y Siquinalá, que aún mantienen los 13 y 10 puntos de las últimas dos jornadas disputadas.

    Poco pudo hacer la flamante incorporación de los Súper Chivos del Xelajú hace tres fechas, el argentino Sergio Egea como capitán de un barco que estaba destinado a hundirse y aún es una incógnita, a falta de dos jornadas por jugarse, si continuará el próximo torneo al no haber conseguido seguir el ritmo de los 6 de arriba.

    4. LA LUCHA POR NO DESCENDER

    La lucha anti descenso comenzó desde la primera jornada con los recién ascendidos Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa y Mixco. Mientras los Jaguares han conseguido cuatro triunfos y siete empates con los que han ganado 19 puntos, el Mixco se ha llenado de altibajos aunque con una segunda fase mejor planeada que la primera, con 13 unidades.

    Por debajo de estos dos recién ascendidos está el Siquinalá, que apostó por el español Antonio Acosta al inicio del torneo y que no ha conseguido más de dos victorias y cuatro empates para rayar las 10 unidades.

    Serán estos tres los protagonistas del descenso el próximo semestre, cuando el torneo Clausura 2019 defina los dos que bajarán de la Liga Mayor a la Primera División, dependiendo de la tabla acumulada con la suma del Apertura y Clausura.

    5. EL GOLEO INTACTO

    El argentino Iván Rocca, del Iztapa, continúa aferrado al liderato de los goleadores con sus 14 dianas, seguido del mexicano Agustín 'el Tin' Herrera, del Comunicaciones, que aún mantiene sus 12 anotaciones intactas durante este fin de semana, en la que, de los anotadores principales, vieron las redes el costarricense Rafael Lezcano (10) y el mexicano Luis Ángel Landín (9). EFE


              

    Vargas Llosa: Estados Unidos tiene un desinterés absoluto en América Latina

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    El nobel peruano Mario Vargas Llosa opinó este domingo que Estados Unidos ya no tiene interés en América Latina, a diferencia de lo ocurrido en los años 50, época en la que transcurre su última novela, 'Tiempos recios' (2019), cuando veía a estos países como un 'cuarto trasero' al que controlar.

    'Desde esa época las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América Latina han cambiado. No tiene sentido imaginar una cosa semejante. Hoy día, Estados Unidos muestra un desinterés casi absoluto en América Latina', expresó Vargas Llosa en la presentación de su novela en la Feria Internacional del Libro (FIL) de Guadalajara.

    Según el nobel de Literatura 2010, Estados Unidos 'ha dejado de ser el primer inversor' en la región y señaló que para entender su nueva novela hay que 'regresar a una América Latina muy distinta y un Estados Unidos muy distinto al de hoy'.

    'La relación en esa época es muy difícil. Estados Unidos tiene la sensación de que América Latina es su patio trasero y que tiene responsabilidad sobre él. No puede permitir ciertas cosas, fundamentalmente que la Unión Soviética entre en su patio trasero', relató.

    'Tiempos recios' se ambienta en la Guatemala de 1954, en plena Guerra Fría, cuando Carlos Castillo Armas protagoniza un golpe de Estado auspiciado por Estados Unidos a través de la CIA contra el Gobierno de Jacobo Árbenz, acusado de flirtear con la Unión Soviética.

    'Toda la documentación desmiente la fantasía de que (Árbenz) era un comunista escondido. Es el caso de 'fake news' más exitoso de esa época. Se crea la fantasía de que era un país prácticamente ocupado por la Unión Soviética', señaló el peruano.

    El escritor explicó que su novela es 'una reivindicación del gobierno democrático del coronel Árbenz', quien, según Vargas Llosa, impulsó 'reformas muy profundas para convertir Guatemala en una democracia moderna'.

    Pero en esta ocasión, hizo caso a su amigo, quien le sugirió investigar algo que Vargas Llosa desconocía: la presunta implicación del dictador dominicano Rafael Trujillo en la caída de Árbenz, el ascenso de Castillo Armas y el posterior asesinato del mismo Castillo Armas.

    El peruano se percató de que, curiosamente, el jefe de seguridad de Trujillo salió de Guatemala el 26 de julio de 1957, el día en que fue asesinado Castillo Armas, junto a la amante del dictador guatemalteco.

    'Es una historia maravillosa para un novelista y estimulante. Es un claro caso de irrealidad reemplazando la realidad, como suele ocurrir con las novelas más exitosas', expresó Vargas Llosa, quien reveló que ha cambiado los nombres de algunos personajes históricos y ha añadido anécdotas ficticias.

    El peruano explicó que 'la base histórica se ha respetado', aunque subrayó que los hechos históricos ya resultan por sí mismos 'desconcertantes, sorprendentes y misteriosos al mismo tiempo'.

    Vargas Llosa es uno de los grandes protagonistas de la FIL, que hasta el 8 de diciembre acogerá en Guadalajara, capital del occidental estado mexicano de Jalisco, a cerca de 800 escritores provenientes de 37 países y más de 2.000 editoriales, además una destacada delegación de la India y cerca de 800.000 visitantes.


              

    Presidentes de Costa Rica, Guatemala y Honduras asisten al partido

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    Madrid, 1 dic (EFE).- Los presidentes de Costa Rica, Carlos Alvarado, Guatemala, Jimmy Morales, y Honduras, Juan Orlando Hernández, asisten, en el palco del estadio Metropolitano, al partido de la decimoquinta jornada de la Liga española que disputan el Atlético de Madrid y el Barcelona.

    El palco del estadio del club rojiblanco está repleto de personalidades, como el presidente del Gobierno español en funciones, Pedro Sánchez, y los primeros ministros de Grecia, Kyriakos Mitsotaki; Polonia, Mateusz Morawiecki; Noruega, Erna Solberg; Montenegro, Dusko Markovic; e Islas Cook, Henry Puna; así como la presidenta de la Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos, Nancy Pelosy. EFE.

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    中美洲的火山健行-TATONKA Yukon 登山背包

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    瓜地馬拉的阿卡特南戈火山徒步旅行是一次難以置信的經歷。聆聽和觀看火山與岩漿噴發,令人驚艷,絕對值得一來。 攀爬阿卡特南戈火山需要艱苦跋涉,但卻令人有難以置信的回報。這是一個需要在山裡過一夜的冒險,那夜後,我會一直記得它的。 我對阿卡特南戈火山之旅感到非常緊張,因為我不習慣徒步旅行,但登山健行最棒的不是沿途的景點,而是當你到達山頂時的感覺,在雲層之上,這是一種不可思議的感覺。 —————以上,是專辦瓜地馬拉Antigua攀登火山旅行社的旅客評語。 ▼版主逸帆攀登上阿卡特南戈火山的營地,拍攝著不到二公里處的富埃戈火山縮時 此次逸帆32天的中美洲之旅,從巴拿馬轉機開始,一路往北移動,沿途各國有不同的景色值得去探訪,但在中美洲最不缺的就是火山(笑),為什麼這樣說呢?因為旅途中經過的哥斯大黎加、尼加拉瓜、宏都拉斯和薩爾瓦多等諸國,都有豐富的火山生態,但旅人們青春和旅行天數有限,若只能去一個火山,個人首推來自臺灣邦交國之一的瓜地馬拉。 出發前考量中美洲個人的旅行方式,需再較佳的移動彈性,所以捨棄行李箱,背起了Yukon50+10登山背包,還有隨身的Manfrotto攝影背包,在長途移動時,就前後背負。若單純只是城市/景點定點旅行,只要背包隨身包即可。 Yukon50+10公升的登山背包,重量:約為2.3公斤。 ▲出國時,版主會把登山背包拖運,一般來說拖運的重量,每次都在13公斤左右。但回國就很不一定了,還是要取決這國家好不好買。 . 攀登中美洲絕美火山群Acatenango 瓜地馬拉首都附近,車程只需三四十分鐘就可以到達被聯合國教科文組織列入世界文化遺產的安地瓜(Antigua)老城,曾作為西班牙瓜地馬拉殖民地,並保存當時大量的巴洛克式建築而聞名。 散步在這老城的石板路上非常地舒服(但開車或拖行李箱走在上面,並不會讓你太愉快),然而你在城鎮上任何一處,只要抬頭幾乎都可以看到附近的火山群,包括AGUA(水火山)、Fuego(富埃戈火山) 以及Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山)。其中富埃戈是個活火山,拜訪的那幾日,經常可以見到火山口冒煙或噴煙的景色,相當地吸晴。 ▲安地瓜市區就可以看到富埃戈火山不時噴煙的景色。 來到安地瓜其實就是為了這一座活火山而來,也約好了正在中美洲旅行的朋友,一起在這城市集合,一起來攀登火山。旅途中只要有來過安地瓜的旅行者,特別是年輕人,幾乎都會去參加二天一夜的火山行程。這裡專辦火山行程的業者滿多的,很容易在路邊問到資料,甚至住宿飯店青旅就可以報名。 行程大致上,在早上的九點出發,十點開始在山腰處開始攀爬,我們爬的是Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山),這座火山標高是海拔3,976公尺,我一直以為是從3000多公尺開始爬,無痛看風景,但到了登山口,聽完登山導遊的介紹,我就有點頭暈。不好意思,是從2,450公尺開始爬,要爬到約3,600的營地過夜,然後隔日一早四點攻頂3,976海拔去看日出。 行程是包三餐和翌日的早餐,但規定每人要背四公升的水,其中一公升的水,是背到營地後要交出來的?是晚餐和宵夜煮飯所需。 Yukon50+10經典專業登山背包 考量到要背負太多器材上山,於是捨棄背攝影包,改Yukon登山背包(這本來就是專業的登山包,當然是要背它)。來自德國的TATONKA戶外裝備,牌識別LOGO以北美野牛(BISON)為設計,我的這一咖背包為Yukon50+10公升的重量約2.3公斤,雖然比一般背包重量來說,但高性能的揹負系統,強韌且耐用的特色,能應付各種戶外使用情境! 50+10公升,讓容量收納更有彈性。 對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊!不過為了記錄這美景,我帶了空拍機/GoPro/單眼相機加二顆鏡頭/三腳架/二支手機上山,對了,還有4公升的水。 也是帶了這麼多的「雜物」,所以更需要一個背負系統好的登山背包,然而;Yukon50+10有幾項可依個人身高與舒適應,來調整的個人化設計。如同多數的大型登山背包,Yukon可將結構分為底層、主袋及頂袋(主袋與底袋間有拉鍊隔層),其中兩條中空的鋁製支架,可將背負重量轉移到臀部,3D結構的臀帶,增強對髖骨的包覆性/胸帶可調整高度,背包外部吊掛系統,可支援登山杖與冰斧固定環。背包的前、後提把,相當的實用,讓提背包時,力量更平均地分配。 Yukon背包整個材質非常強韌(畢竟是德國貨),就算不是把它背去登山,對於旅行背包族群也相當方便,版主搭飛機時,拖運了十幾次,Yukon50+10目前都沒有問題,就算表面用髒,也相當地好清洗。 ▼對此包有興趣的朋友,可以看看官網影片,會更清楚 ▲德國TATONKAYukon經典專業登山背包(官網介紹) 參加此次火山健行活動剛好是十二月底,很多國家正在放長假,我們這一團有來自歐洲、北美、南美、亞洲和大洋洲共21人參加這行程,現在果然是放大假期間,旅行者一下子就漫佈在安地瓜的街頭。 常常在這團體聽到英文、德文、法語、西班牙文和葡萄牙文,但共通點是大部份的人都滿會西班牙文,連二個從美國來的旅行者都會是怎麼回事? 從海拔2,450公尺開始爬山,一路到山頂3,976公尺,健行在不同的高度落差,帶來的視野及生態環境皆不相同,非常棒地感受。 而且這裡的日夜溫差很大,早上二十幾度,晚上約在零度,聽其他旅人分享,晚上有時會到零下五度,並且我們住在帳棚,不得不多背些保暖衣褲上山,要不然冷起來,根本睡不著覺。 ▲沿途中山色相當地美 ▲同行的20人,要找到人當「點景」相當容易 ▲山中轉個彎,上了三仟公尺,山下就是滿滿地雲,完全是漫步在雲端的概念(照片遠方即是水火山) ▼▲一群人登山有說有笑,時間也過比較快 ▲首日健行到基地營,包含休息吃飯時間,大約要四到五小時的腳程。(重點是帳篷是已紮好的,固定在這裡,所以不用自己來,呼~~好險) 眼前就是Fuego(富埃戈火山) ▲Yukon50+10彈性側袋,帶著保溫瓶,隨時補充水份 ▲來到營地休憩,最美妙的是正對著活躍的富埃戈火山,它不時的發出聲音與噴煙 ▲火山下的雲海也相當地迷人,使用長焦段鏡頭拍攝特寫 ▼▲夕陽一下子就來臨了,大夥穿上了外套,坐靠在山邊,看著火山,望著夕陽,踏著雲海,贊嘆與感受當下的美好時光。 夕陽一下子就沒入了雲海之中,黑暗悄悄地接手上場,氣溫也開始驟降 我們圍成一團,溝著營火取著暖話家常 不遠處的富埃戈火山依舊不時的噴發冒煙,但在夜幕來臨後,原來白天所見的白煙,其實是夾帶著岩漿,火紅並炙熱,在黑幕下展現她的華麗姿態,令所有人有幸一睹她的樣貌,並驚呼連連。 那天夜裡,我們就吃著聊著還不時伴著火山噴發聲與火炎秀,結束了這一回合。 請問你是要早上四點起床攻頂?還是四點半?登山嚮導問著大夥。 若只是爬一個小時就攻頂,為什麼要這麼早上去被風打臉?於是我選擇了四點半,其實85%的人都選擇了四點半,但你若走比較慢體力不夠的話,可以早點出發。 其實我與旅伴本來就不堅持到山頂上看日出,反正半路也看得到,但事實證明,我們爬到還要再等個二十分鐘,日出才出來。時間抓得剛剛好。 阿卡特南戈火山頂上,可以看到完全不同的景色,我要收回試圖說服自己不在山頂看日出的那段話。在這裡看日出,真的是美呆了,滿滿地雲海,遠方城鎮在雲霧之中,隱隱顯現,超適合拍所謂攝影人的琉璃光照片,但我沒有帶三腳架(覺得爬山好累),只帶了一機一鏡的相機和保溫瓶, 當時只想攤在山頂上。 山裡的光陰變化快速,從明暗到色彩多重改變,當下雖冷,但所有人都覺得很滿足。 一旁的富埃戈火山還不時的噴發,帶來最佳的點綴。 ▼▲日出一出來後,大夥就緩緩地下山,往營地走去。沿途中的景色依舊美侖美奐,特別是剛剛摸黑上山,根本只有黑壓壓的一片。現在卻被給予最美麗的光影色彩。 下山只要半個小時就回到了營地,這時也來到了大白天 ▼▲回程的路上,不同的同行旅伴們,也更熟悉了,不過他們都很細心地跟我要照片,覺得細心 HikingvolcanodeFuego,Guatemala 二天一夜的富埃戈火山行程,真的很值得一來,跟衣索比亞那一座火山完全不一樣 (但最重要的是衣索比亞那一座無痛就可爬到)。推薦給愛健行的朋友們。 下山立馬入住四星級飯店泡澡耍廢,期待下一站的旅程。 ▼ 下山來到四星級飯店門口,連行李都不想再拿了XD
              

    攀登中美洲絕美火山群 Acatenango

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    阿卡特南戈火山徒步旅行是一次難以置信的經歷。聆聽和觀看火山與岩漿噴發,令人驚艷,絕對值得一來。 攀爬阿卡特南戈火山需要艱苦跋涉,但卻令人有難以置信的回報。這是一個需要在山裡過一夜的冒險,那夜後,我會一直記得它的。 我對阿卡特南戈火山之旅感到非常緊張,因為我不習慣徒步旅行,但登山健行最棒的不是沿途的景點,而是當你到達山頂時的感覺,在雲層之上,這是一種不可思議的感覺。 —————以上,是專辦瓜地馬拉Antigua攀登火山旅行社的旅客評語。 ▼版主逸帆攀登上阿卡特南戈火山的營地,拍攝著不到二公里處的富埃戈火山縮時 32天的中美洲之旅,從巴拿馬轉機開始,一路往北移動,沿途各國有不同的景色值得去探訪,但在中美洲最不缺的就是火山(笑),為什麼這樣說呢?因為旅途中經過的哥斯大黎加、尼加拉瓜、宏都拉斯和薩爾瓦多等諸國,都有豐富的火山生態,但旅人們青春和旅行天數有限,若只能去一個火山,個人首推來自臺灣邦交國之一的瓜地馬拉。 瓜地馬拉首都附近,車程只需三四十分鐘就可以到達被聯合國教科文組織列入世界文化遺產的安地瓜(Antigua)老城,曾作為西班牙瓜地馬拉殖民地,並保存當時大量的巴洛克式建築而聞名。 散步在這老城的石板路上非常地舒服(但開車或拖行李箱走在上面,並不會讓你太愉快),然而你在城鎮上任何一處,只要抬頭幾乎都可以看到附近的火山群,包括AGUA(水火山)、Fuego(富埃戈火山) 以及Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山)。其中富埃戈是個活火山,拜訪的那幾日,經常可以見到火山口冒煙或噴煙的景色,相當地吸晴。 ▲安地瓜市區就可以看到富埃戈火山不時噴煙的景色。 來到安地瓜其實就是為了這一座活火山而來,也約好了正在中美洲旅行的朋友,一起在這城市集合,一起來攀登火山。旅途中只要有來過安地瓜的旅行者,特別是年輕人,幾乎都會去參加二天一夜的火山行程。這裡專辦火山行程的業者滿多的,很容易在路邊問到資料,甚至住宿飯店青旅就可以報名。 行程大致上,在早上的九點出發,十點開始在山腰處開始攀爬,我們爬的是Acatenango(阿卡特南戈火山),這座火山標高是海拔3,976公尺,我一直以為是從3000多公尺開始爬,無痛看風景,但到了登山口,聽完登山導遊的介紹,我就有點頭暈。不好意思,是從2,450公尺開始爬,要爬到約3,600的營地過夜,然後隔日一早四點攻頂3,976海拔去看日出。 行程是包三餐和翌日的早餐,但規定每人要背四公升的水,其中一公升的水,是背到營地後要交出來的?是晚餐和宵夜煮飯所需。 參加此活動剛好是十二月底,很多國家正在放長假,我們這一團有來自歐洲、北美、南美、亞洲和大洋洲共21人參加這行程,現在果然是放大假期間,旅行者一下子就漫佈在安地瓜的街頭。 常常在這團體聽到英文、德文、法語、西班牙文和葡萄牙文,但共通點是大部份的人都滿會西班牙文,連二個從美國來的旅行者都會是怎麼回事? 從海拔2,450公尺開始爬山,一路到山頂3,976公尺,健行在不同的高度落差,帶來的視野及生態環境皆不相同,非常棒地感受。 ▲對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊!為了記錄這美景,我帶了空拍機/GoPro/單眼相機加二顆鏡頭/三腳架/二支手機上山,對了,還有4公升的水。 而且這裡的日夜溫差很大,早上二十幾度,晚上約在零度,聽其他旅人分享,晚上有時會到零下五度,並且我們住在帳棚,不得不多背些保暖衣褲上山,要不然冷起來,根本睡不著覺。 ▲沿途中山色相當地美 ▲同行的20人,要找到人當「點景」相當容易 ▲山中轉個彎,上了三仟公尺,山下就是滿滿地雲,完全是漫步在雲端的概念(照片遠方即是水火山) ▲首日健行到基地營,包含休息吃飯時間,大約要四到五小時的腳程。(重點是帳篷是已紮好的,固定在這裡,所以不用自己來,呼~~好險) ▲喔~我的背包除了攝影器材和零食外,啊~還有四公升的水,我也帶了保溫瓶和悶燒罐,保溫瓶不用多說,台灣人出門最愛帶的物品之一,環保又方便,隨時可喝上熱水或自己想泡的飲品。 然而;悶燒罐是去年在北歐待了一個月,高物價讓人吃不消,所以有了它,可以省些外食費用,並且可以煮自己喜歡的食材(特別是白飯或粥) ▲來到營地休憩,最美妙的是正對著活躍的富埃戈火山,它不時的發出聲音與噴煙 ▲對面著火山美景,這時你需要來一杯熱騰騰的湯品 ▲火山下的雲海也相當地迷人,使用長焦段鏡頭拍攝特寫 ▼▲夕陽一下子就來臨了,大夥穿上了外套,坐靠在山邊,看著火山,望著夕陽,踏著雲海,贊嘆與感受當下的美好時光。 夕陽一下子就沒入了雲海之中,黑暗悄悄地接手上場,氣溫也開始驟降 我們圍成一團,溝著營火取著暖話家常 不遠處的富埃戈火山依舊不時的噴發冒煙,但在夜幕來臨後,原來白天所見的白煙,其實是夾帶著岩漿,火紅並炙熱,在黑幕下展現她的華麗姿態,令所有人有幸一睹她的樣貌,並驚呼連連。 那天夜裡,我們就吃著聊著還不時伴著火山噴發聲與火炎秀,結束了這一回合。 請問你是要早上四點起床攻頂?還是四點半?登山嚮導問著大夥。 若只是爬一個小時就攻頂,為什麼要這麼早上去被風打臉?於是我選擇了四點半,其實85%的人都選擇了四點半,但你若走比較慢體力不夠的話,可以早點出發。 其實我與旅伴本來就不堅持到山頂上看日出,反正半路也看得到,但事實證明,我們爬到還要再等個二十分鐘,日出才出來。時間抓得剛剛好。 阿卡特南戈火山頂上,可以看到完全不同的景色,我要收回試圖說服自己不在山頂看日出的那段話。在這裡看日出,真的是美呆了,滿滿地雲海,遠方城鎮在雲霧之中,隱隱顯現,超適合拍所謂攝影人的琉璃光照片,但我沒有帶三腳架(覺得爬山好累),只帶了一機一鏡的相機和保溫瓶, 當時只想攤在山頂上。 山裡的光陰變化快速,從明暗到色彩多重改變,當下雖冷,但所有人都覺得很滿足。 一旁的富埃戈火山還不時的噴發,帶來最佳的點綴。 ▼▲日出一出來後,大夥就緩緩地下山,往營地走去。沿途中的景色依舊美侖美奐,特別是剛剛摸黑上山,根本只有黑壓壓的一片。現在卻被給予最美麗的光影色彩。 下山只要半個小時就回到了營地,這時也來到了大白天 喝上一口溫熱水,吃著早餐補充體力,在溝火之中取個暖,約在半個小時後,就準備下山。 下山前,我用了保溫瓶與悶燒罐裝了瓜地安拉火山的空氣,聽說現在純淨的空氣正夯。 ▼▲回程的路上,不同的同行旅伴們,也更熟悉了,不過他們都很細心地跟我要照片,覺得細心 HikingvolcanodeFuego,Guatemala 二天一夜的富埃戈火山完成回到安地瓜市區,對一個胖了十公斤又增加年齡好幾歲的旅人來說,覺得爬到快往生,再次提醒沒事千萬也別背一堆器材上山啊! 這火山真的很值得一來,跟衣索比亞那一座火山完全不一樣 (但最重要的是衣索比亞那一座無痛就可爬到)。推薦給愛健行的朋友們。 下山立馬入住四星級飯店泡澡耍廢,期待下一站的旅程。


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