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Foligno, straniero beccato alla stazione con 270 grammi di marijuana

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Foligno
La Polizia di Stato ha sottoposto a controllo un 22enne del Gambia, regolarmente soggiornante sul territorio nazionale, traendolo in arresto[...]Continua a leggere
Arrestato dalla Polizia e portato al carcere di Spoleto

          

Nella città dove partono i migranti

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Tambacounda, nella savana senegalese, è un hub per i giovani che puntano a partire per l’Europa. Alcune realtà legate ai salesiani li informano dei rischi e cercano di offrire loro un’alternativa

«Ah, ça c’est l’Afrique traditionnelle!», «Questa è l’Africa tradizionale!». Con queste parole gli stessi senegalesi si riferiscono alla città di Tambacounda, situata a 500 chilometri a est di Dakar. Una volta per arrivarci si usava il treno perché la ferrovia univa la capitale senegalese a quella del Mali, Bamako. Perfino il giornalista polacco Ryszard Kapuscinski vi fece tappa nel corso delle sue peregrinazioni in Africa. Ora il treno non c’è più e la fatiscente stazione è l’unica attrazione turistica di Tamba, come tutti qui chiamano la città in mezzo alla savana senegalese.

Ancora oggi però questo resta un importante crocevia, soprattutto per chiunque voglia lasciare il Senegal. E per i giovani locali la voglia di partire è molta, perché a Tamba e dintorni purtroppo le opportunità lavorative sono scarse. Per farsi un’idea della condizione di disagio che vivono le nuove generazioni, basti pensare che circa il 90% delle attività lavorative in Senegal sono informali. A ciò si aggiungono le pressioni della famiglia. La decisione di andarsene, infatti, non è quasi mai presa individualmente, al contrario: partire, per l’Europa o per uno Stato confinante, è ormai quasi un rito di passaggio obbligato. Il desiderio di realizzarsi, il bisogno di sfuggire alla precarietà, la ricerca di un lavoro migliore e l’ambizione di poter provvedere alla propria famiglia come già fanno altri migranti sono tutti fattori che alimentano la smania di affrontare il viaggio.h, ça c’est l’Afrique traditionnelle!», «Questa è l’Africa tradizionale!». Con queste parole gli stessi senegalesi si riferiscono alla città di Tambacounda, situata a 500 chilometri a est di Dakar. Una volta per arrivarci si usava il treno perché la ferrovia univa la capitale senegalese a quella del Mali, Bamako. Perfino il giornalista polacco Ryszard Kapuscinski vi fece tappa nel corso delle sue peregrinazioni in Africa. Ora il treno non c’è più e la fatiscente stazione è l’unica attrazione turistica di Tamba, come tutti qui chiamano la città in mezzo alla savana senegalese.

Al giorno d’oggi le principali rotte di percorrenza sono due: una che da Dakar porta in Mauritania e poi in Marocco e un’altra che da località come Tambacounda si inoltra nella regione del Sahel: Mali, Niger, Libia e – se si è sopravvissuti fin qui – forse Mediterraneo ed Europa.

Chi riesce ad arrivare a destinazione viene osannato da chi resta a casa, e comincia un circolo di “dipendenza da rimesse”. Secondo i dati del ministero del Lavoro italiano, nel corso del 2017 sono stati inviati in Senegal circa 309 milioni di euro, pari al 7,5% del totale delle rimesse: una quota che rende il Senegal il primo Paese africano di destinazione di denaro in uscita dall’Italia. Tuttavia la maggior parte di questi soldi non viene reinvestita in loco, ma viene utilizzata per ostentare il miglioramento della propria situazione economica ora che un membro della famiglia è all’estero. E così il senso di deprivazione alimenta senza sosta il desiderio di emigrare in chi rimane, generando un circolo vizioso che sembra solo destinato a peggiorare nei prossimi anni con l’aumento esponenziale della gioventù africana. È in questo contesto che l’ong Vis – Volontariato internazionale allo sviluppo – ha da poco più di un anno avviato il progetto “Vivre et réussir chez moi”, “Vivere e riuscire a casa mia”, finanziato dall’Agenzia italiana per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo. Presente in Senegal dal 2015 e con prospettive di espansione anche in altri Paesi dell’Africa occidentale, il Vis nasce per dare supporto alle opere dei padri salesiani nel mondo. Gli uffici di Tambacounda si trovano infatti proprio a fianco della residenza dei padri di Don Bosco, i quali da 35 anni dirigono il centro di formazione professionale che offre corsi di meccanica auto, elettricità e gestione macchine agricole. In quest’ultimo ambito il centro offre dal 2012 un corso pilota in energia solare per restare al passo con i tempi e meglio rispondere alle esigenze del territorio. L’offerta formativa tiene infatti in considerazione la realtà della regione, che è ancora prevalentemente agricola. In più è proprio all’incrocio delle strade che dal Mali, dalla Guinea e dal Gambia portano a Dakar, quindi molti giovani che si ritrovano qui sono anch’essi migranti, ma provenienti dai Paesi confinanti.

“Il suffit que vous soyez jeunes pour que je vous aime”, “Basta che siate giovani affinché io vi ami”, sono le parole che si leggono uscendo da uno dei centri di formazione professionale. Le attività del progetto si strutturano lungo due direttrici principali. Da una parte ci sono le iniziative di sensibilizzazione all’interno della campagna “Stop tratta” (programma nato da una collaborazione tra Vis e Missioni Don Bosco) che mirano a spiegare il pericolo di finire nel meccanismo della tratta di esseri umani e i rischi di affrontare il viaggio per l’Europa in generale. I cooperanti di Vis ci tengono a precisare che lo scopo delle attività non è impedire forzatamente che i giovani emigrino, ma renderli consapevoli delle sfide che devono affrontare se decidono di intraprendere il viaggio. Allo stesso tempo si cerca di fornire informazioni dettagliate a chi cerca lavoro e dare una panoramica completa sulle opportunità esistenti in Senegal.

Dall’altra parte il Vis supporta le scuole dei salesiani e in questo campo le attività cercano di affrontare il problema della disoccupazione giovanile attraverso il  miglioramento dell’offerta formativa. A partire dalla rimessa a nuovo di un centro di formazione professionale abbandonato nella cittadina di Missirah (a meno di un’ora di macchina da Tamba), che prevede la collaborazione dell’Institut Polytechnique Panafricain di Dakar e la facoltà di architettura dell’Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, in una forma di sinergia internazionale per lo sviluppo che potrà costituire un modello. Poi si passa ai seminari che cercano di mettere allo stesso tavolo i direttori dei centri di formazione professionale, le imprese della regione e gli attori istituzionali che si occupano di gioventù in Senegal per affrontare il  

L'articolo Nella città dove partono i migranti sembra essere il primo su Mondo e Missione.


          

Afrikanische Namen: Unsere Top 20 für Mädchen und Jungen

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Die besten afrikanischen Babynamen

Afrikanische Mädchennamen: Unsere Top 20

Viele Mädchennamen haben eine besondere Bedeutung, zum Beispiel haben sie etwas mit der Religion der Eltern zu tun oder sind aus der Natur entnommen. In Afrika werden über 2000 Sprachen gesprochen, deswegen sind auch die Namen sehr unterschiedlich.

  1. Abiona kommt von den Yoruba und bedeutet "die auf Reisen Geborene". Der Name kann auch für Jungen verwendet werden.

  2. Abla ist Swahili und bedeutet dort "wilde Rose".

  3. Akua ist vor allem in Ghana beliebt und bedeutet, dass ein Mädchen an einem Mittwoch geboren ist.

  4. Alika ist ostafrikanisch und beschreibt ein Mädchen, das mit seiner Schönheit alle übertrifft.

  5. Amaka ist die Kurzform von Chiamaka und heißt "Gott ist schön".

  6. Ayna steht im Afrikanischen für "schöne Blume". Im Türkischen bedeutet Ayna "Spiegel".

  7. Chinara ist nigerianisch und bedeutet "die von Gott Empfangene".

  8. Elani ist kenianisch und steht für "die Leuchtende" oder "das Licht". Manchmal heißt es auch Elany.

  9. Elikia stammt aus der Demokratischen Republik Kongo und bedeutet "Hoffnung".

  10. Gasira steht für "die Mutige".

  11. Hidaya ist Swahili und bedeutet "die Begehrte", "die Ersehnte" oder "das Geschenk".

  12. Imara ist ebenfalls Swahili und steht für "die Willensstarke".

  13. Lamina stammt vom arabischen Namen al-Amin und beschreibt "die Gewissenhafte" oder "die Vertrauenswürdige".

  14. Lisha ist nigerianisch, wird "Lischa" ausgesprochen und bedeutet "die Geheimnisvolle".

  15. Makeda ist äthiopisch und steht für "die Schöne".

  16. Nadra ist Swahili und bedeutet "die Ungewöhnliche".

  17. Nefera ist altägyptischund beschreibt dort "die Schöne" oder "die Gute".

  18. Niara ist Swahili und bedeutet "zu etwas Großem bestimmt". Man kann es auch "Nyara" schreiben.

  19. Shani ist vor allem in Ostafrika beliebt und steht für "die Perle" oder "die Wundervolle".

  20. Tulasa verheißt ein fröhliches Leben.

Afrikanische Jungennamen: Unsere Top 20

Auch afrikanische Jungennamen sind wegen der vielen Sprachen sehr vielfältig und außergewöhnlich.

  1. Amaniel ist in Afrika sehr verbreitet und heißt "Gott sei mit uns". Der Name ist eine Mischung aus Amando, Emanuel und Daniel.

  2. Ayo wird vor allem in Nigeria vergeben und bedeutet "der Glückliche".

  3. Badu ist ghanaisch und steht für das zehnte Kind.

  4. Caven ist äthiopisch und beschreibt die aufgehende Sonne.

  5. Demba ist in Gambia beliebt und steht für "der Friedliche" oder "der, der die Wahrheit spricht".

  6. Edem ist ghanaisch und bedeutet "Gott hat mich gerettet".

  7. Elnatan ist in Äthiopien beliebt, der Name kommt aus dem Hebräischen und ist eine Alternative zu Nathanael und Elnathan.

  8. Jomo ist ghanaisch und bedeutet dort "Bauer".

  9. Kiano ist kenianisch und beschreibt dort einen Wirbelwind.

  10. Kymani stammt vom Stamm der Kikuyu und bedeutet "der Abenteuerlustige".

  11. Lorean  kommt vom lateinischen "laurus" und bedeutet "der Loorbergekränzte".

  12. Madu ist nigerianisch und steht für den aus dem Volk stammenden.

  13. Marlec bedeutet "Der König" oder "Sonnengott".

  14. Napo ist togolesisch und bedeutet "der Zweitgeborene".

  15. Niam beschreibt die Mitwirkung Gottes. Der Name existiert auch im Arabischen und im Persischen.

  16. Samba kommt vom Sambatanz und wurde von afrikanischen Sklaven nach Brasilien mitgebracht.

  17. Sekou ist liberianisch und bedeutet "der Schlaue".

  18. Simba ist swahili und steht für "der Löwe".

  19. Taio  ist nigerianisch und bedeutet "geboren zum Glücklichsein".

  20. Vuyo ist südafrikanisch und verheißt Frieden.

Der Beitrag Afrikanische Namen: Unsere Top 20 für Mädchen und Jungen erschien zuerst auf NetMoms.de.


          

C56BR The Gambia. From DXNews.com

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Carlo, ON4BR will be active as C56BR from Gambia, 1 - 14 December 2019. feeds by http://dxnews.com
          

Reviewing the Constitutional Review Commission

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Photo credited:asoweyve01112019 Today mark the final day of the workshop organised by NYC with the theme ” National Youth Retreat on Democracy and Development. Today’s day was based on the Reviewing of the Constitutional Review Commission. Participants were divided into twenty (20) groups to review on different topics of the CRC and presented on them. … Continue reading Reviewing the Constitutional Review Commission
          

National Youth Retreat

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Young Volunteers for the Environment YVE Gambia is currently attending a workshop organized by National Young Council in partnership with Konrad Adenaeur Stiftung (KAS) at FIFA Foitball Hotel in Old Yundum. The event is attended by the NYC Secretariat and Regional Staff, Regional and District Youth Comittees, Registered National Youth organizations,Regional youth Coordinators, youth Councilors … Continue reading National Youth Retreat
          

Go Doc Go brings first Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) testing units to...

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Go Doc Go (GDG) has just returned from a groundbreaking trip setting up the first HPV testing units in hospitals in Senegal and The Gambia. Go Doc Go, a not-for-profit International medical...

(PRWeb November 27, 2019)

Read the full story at https://www.prweb.com/releases/go_doc_go_brings_first_human_papilloma_virus_hpv_testing_units_to_senegal_and_the_gambia_to_decrease_cervical_cancer/prweb16748207.htm


          

Besuch

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Tabea, Lea, Saskia und Max sind gut angekommen und wurden direkt in den Schulbetrieb eingebunden und in allen Bereichen eingesetzt. Es gibt Deutschunterricht wo die deutsche Nationalhymne gesungen, Spielveranstaltungen organisiert und im Kunstunterricht auch schon mal die Klasse gekalkt wird. Auch unser kleiner Sonnenschein Sireh hat sich gut eingelebt und macht große Fortschritte im Unterricht. …

Besuch weiterlesen


          

Weihnachtsmarkt nicht verpassen! 🎅🏽

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Besucht uns an unserem Stand beim „Besonderen Weihnachtsmarkt“ in Krefeld, Platz an der alten Kirche, Wiedenhofstraße, Evangelischer Kirchplatz und Schwanenmarkt am 07.12.2019 in der Zeit von 10:00 bis 18:00 Uhr Wir haben folgende Handarbeiten im Angebot: Woll-Mützen in unterschiedlichen Größen Woll-Schals Woll-Kinderpullover mit und ohne Mütze Woll-Kinderstrickjacken Woll-Taschen Kindermützen mit 48 cm Kopfumfang Mützen für …

Weihnachtsmarkt nicht verpassen! 🎅🏽 weiterlesen


          

Princess Shyngle Apologizes To Her Fiance, Says She Was Wrong To Publicly Shame Him On Instagram

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Gambian actress and Instagram model, Princess Christian Shyngle who is better known as Princess Shyngle has rendered an unqualified apology to her fiance Frederic Badji after she publicly shamed him for cheating and betraying her after she gave him her
          

Plankade på tunnelbanan – blev utvisad från USA

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27-årige Haigie från Gambia hade bott lagligt i USA i 16 år när han kastades i fängelse och sedan utvisades.
          

Jan 01, Gambia: New Year's Day

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New Year's Day is a public holiday in all countries that observe the Gregorian calendar, with the exception of Israel. For more information on this holiday, visit the link.
          

HISTORY - Destaques da programação de 02 a 08 de dezembro

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Divulgação History
Conheça os destaques da programação do canal HISTORY de 02 a 08 de dezembro. O canal estreia o especial Guerra das Colas, sobre a histórica rivalidade entre as duas maiores marcas de refrigerante (8).

Também estão programados episódios inéditos de Guerreiros da Selva, O Homem Mais Forte da História, Barrados na Fronteira: Estados Unidos, Homens da Montanha e Destravado: Histórias dos Videogames no Brasil.

3/12, terça-feira, 18h30

Episódio inédito de Guerreiros da Selva faz uma retrospectiva dos melhores momentos do curso

A série do HISTORY Guerreiros da Selva, retrata as etapas do treinamento do Comando Militar da Amazônia, que tem por objetivo formar agentes de defesa da floresta amazônica. Considerado o melhor treinamento da categoria no mundo, também recebe oficiais de outros países.

Durante três etapas - vida na selva, técnicas especiais e operações - os alunos passam pela seleção física e psicológica de uma simulação real de guerra. Cada oficial que consegue superar os desafios e chegar ao final do curso do Comando Militar da Amazônia torna-se um “onça”.

Os treze episódios de Guerreiros da Selva acompanham etapas específicas do curso e o desempenho dos soldados. Enquanto corajosos rapazes avançam no treinamento, alguns são expulsos e outros pedem para sair. A série apresenta imagens reais das etapas do curso, imagens de arquivo, reconstituições dramáticas e depoimentos de soldados, instrutores, especialistas, ex-alunos e oficiais de alta patente.

Em Retrospectiva, os melhores momentos das três fases do curso; as broncas, operações, aventuras e desventuras vividas pelos alunos. Oficiais de alta patente lembram-se de quando foram alunos e como, posteriormente, se tornaram instrutores. Classificação indicativa: 12 anos

5/12, quinta-feira, 21h30

Em Las Vegas, os competidores tentam recriar os feitos de 1903, em O Homem Mais Forte da História

O Homem Mais Forte da História (The Strongest Man in History), nova série do HISTORY, acompanha quatro dos homens mais fortes do mundo, enquanto viajam pelos locais de origem de célebres lutadores históricos, para relembrar e conferir se suas proezas foram reais. Além disso, os atletas tentam reproduzir os feitos das grandes lendas e competem ente si para saber qual é o homem mais forte.

Eddie Hall, recordista mundial em levantamento de peso, Brian Shaw, quatro vezes vencedor do World’s Strongest Man, Nick Best, veterano do atletismo de força e recordista mundial de transporte de escudo, e Robert Oberst, finalista do World’s Strongest Man em 2013 e 2018, viajarão pelos Estados Unidos, Inglaterra e Escócia para descobrir a verdade por trás de algumas vitórias e proezas épicas. Em cada um dos sete episódios, os quatro homens encaram três desafios de força históricos e tentam superar os donos das melhores marcas e uns aos outros.

No episódio inédito Os fortões em Las Vegas, os quatro fortões viajam para Las Vegas, o lar de Nick Best, para tentar reproduzir os feitos de Monte Saldo, o maior homem de espetáculo da história dos mais fortes. Será que o grupo conseguirá reunir uma multidão e executar o truque mortal do carro que fez Saldo ficar famoso em 1903? CI: 14

6/12, sexta-feira, 21h30

Potes de creme suspeitos e mercadorias de contrabando intrigam os agentes, em Barrados na Fronteira: Estados Unidos

Criada a partir do sucesso da série Barrados na Fronteira, que mostra o cotidiano dos agentes canadenses, Barrados na Fronteira: Estados Unidos (Border Security: America’s Frontline) é destaque desta sexta no HISTORY. A produção acompanha de perto o trabalho dos agentes da Aduana e de Proteção da Fronteira dos Estados Unidos enquanto inspecionam as cargas com as quais os viajantes tentam entrar no país pelas diferentes fronteiras terrestres, aéreas e marítimas.

Esses oficiais de imigração têm a árdua tarefa de identificar diariamente viajantes ilegais, armas e contrabando. Para eles, não existe rotina entediante. 

No primeiro inédito de hoje, os agentes investigam uma mala com maconha, uma carga de potes de creme suspeitos, comestíveis exóticos, mercadoria de contrabando e um voluntário suspeito. No episódio seguinte, os oficiais identificam produtos falsificados no Canadá e um pacote perigoso no aeroporto JFK. Além disso, são encontradas carne de procedência duvidosa e um carro com cheiro de maconha. CI: 12

7/12, sábado, 19h50

Jake e seus cães perseguem um ladrão reincidente, no episódio inédito de Homens da Montanha

Da região dos Apalaches às Montanhas Rochosas e ao longínquo Alasca, Homens da Montanha (Mountain Men) acompanha seis homens que ainda hoje vivem da caça para sustentar suas famílias, e cuja sobrevivência se baseia na utilização de técnicas antigas, aperfeiçoadas durante centenas de anos. Na corrida contra o inverno, esses sobreviventes lutam para garantir seu sustento e ter o dinheiro necessário para atravessar os meses mais frios do ano no Hemisfério Norte.

A oitava temporada traz mudanças nos personagens de Homens da Montanha: Tom Oar e sua esposa se mudaram para a Flórida. Eustace Conway está de volta, com o novo aprendiz Raleigh. Continuam na série Marty Meierotto, Margaret Stern, Morgan Beasley, Jason Hawk e sua família, Mike Hortsman e Jake Herak, com sua matilha de cães.

No episódio Medidas desesperadas, Kidd e Harry lutam contra o tempo e o terreno em busca de provisões; Jake e seus cães perseguem um ladrão reincidente; Tom volta aos seus assuntos em Yaak; Morgan prepara suas armadilhas para conseguir peles caras; e Eustace e Raleigh decidem combater os intrusos. CI: 12

8/12, domingo, 18h50

Episódio inédito de Destravado: Histórias dos Videogames no Brasil relata a chegada do Xbox 360 ao país

A faixa HISTORY Games apresenta a minissérie Destravado: Histórias dos Videogames no Brasil. Em cinco episódios, a produção do Omelete reuniu as melhores histórias sobre cinco plataformas de games no país.

Desde o começo da indústria de games, o mercado nacional é desprezado para a venda e distribuição de jogos. Mas o brasileiro não se contenta em ficar de fora dos últimos lançamentos em tecnologia de diversão. Graças ao jeitinho, a famosa gambiarra e até contrabando e pirataria, as fronteiras do Brasil foram destravadas e o público teve acesso aos grandes consoles.

No terceiro episódio, Indústria, localização e jogos on-line, os consoles já circulavam no Brasil desde 1983, mas foi só em 2005 que a cultura gamer se firmou finalmente por aqui. O Xbox 360 trouxe sua fábrica para Manaus, oficializou a assistência técnica e lançou grandes jogos dublados em português. A produção mostra como a Microsoft resolveu enfrentar um mercado tomado pela pirataria e por fabricantes bem mais experientes na indústria. CI: 12

ESTREIA – 8/12, domingo, 22h20

Especial inédito Guerra das Colas aborda a rivalidade entre as marcas mais famosas de refrigerante

O HISTORY estreia hoje o especial Guerra das Colas (Cola Wars), que tem como tema central a eterna rivalidade entre as marcas de refrigerante Coca Cola e Pepsi Cola. O foco da produção, em formato de documentário, é o desastre da “New Cola Cola”, de 1985.

Durante quase cem anos, a Coca-Cola liderou o setor global e milionário de refrigerantes, enquanto a Pepsi permanecia na segunda posição, mas sempre incomodando com publicidade inovadora e de qualidade. Mas, em 1985, em uma reviravolta mais estranha que a ficção, os executivos arriscaram tudo e mudaram a fórmula do refrigerante mais popular do planeta. O que os levou a tomar essa decisão inacreditável? CI: livre

          

University of Strathclyde Commonwealth Shared Scholarships 2020 for Students from African/Developing Countries – UK

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Now open: University of Strathclyde Commonwealth Shared Scholarships 2020 for Students from African/Developing Countries. Apply now. Application Deadline: 18th December 2019 Eligible Countries: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Gambia, The, Ghana, India, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Eswatini, Tanzania, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia To be […]

After School Africa


          

ГААГА ТАК ГААГА

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Myanmar State Counselor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi will appear before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to contest a case filed by Gambia accusing Myanmar of genocide against its Rohingya Muslim minority, her government said...

Добрый приятель, спец по Юго-Восточной Азии, прислал мне эту ссылку, зная мой интерес к Мьянме, зародившийся очень много лет назад, ибо Игорь Можейко, более известный, как Кир Булычев (мы долго и близко дружили), умел "заражать" симпатией к стране, которую он знал от и до, и в которую был влюблен без памяти.



Итак, мне прислали ссылку, а сутьв том, что г-жа Аун Сан Су Чжи заявила о готовности лично ехать в Гаагу, и там "отстаивать в Международном суде интересы, честь и достоинство страны", по иску Гамбии обвиняемой международным сообществом в т.н. "геноциде рохинджа", который в Мьянме геноцидом не считают.

В скобках. Мусульмане-рохинджа – потомки бенгальцев, переселившихся в буддистскую Бирму при англичанах в поисках лучшей жизни. Принятые дружелюбно, с местными жили мирно аж до 1942, когда учинили т.н. «райкханскую бойню» с целью очистить регион от «чужих», то есть, бирманцев. Тогда им удалось убить ок. 50 тыс. буддистов,

но добиться своего они не сумели, зато отношение к ним бирманцев перестало быть дружелюбным.Тем не менее, бенгальцы продолжали бежать в Бирму, оседая там, где уже были свои. Бежали от нищеты, от пакистанских репрессий, естественно, без всяких виз, и власти Бирмы из «гуманистических соображений» нелегалов не выгоняли,

хотя они начисто отказывались хоть как-то интегрироваться и были постоянным источником всякого рода неприятностей. В период военных диктатур (конец прошлого века) властям удалось свести конфликт, по крайней мере, его горячую фазу почти к нулю, но как только (в 2015) военные сдали власть гражданским, все началось по-новой,

причем уже не так традиционно, как раньше. Теперь на повестку дня вышли исламистские лозунги, появилось несколько ответвлений «Аль-Каиды» («Харака аль-Якин» и другие), объединившиеся в «Армию спасения рохинджа Аракана», за которой очень ясно светились уши Саудии («командир» этой «армии», некто Ата Улла,

проходил военную подготовку в Рияде, и он же контролировал «спонсоркую помощь»). И в октябре 2016 «армия»,  перейдя границу, начала убивать. И военных, и (целыми семьями)  гражданских, буддистов и индуистов. А также и мусульман, не желавших их поддержать. Дабы, как сообщили их командиры, «вызвать ответные зачистки

и таким образом заострить внимание мирового сообщества на преследованиях рохинджа со стороны властей». Власти, однако, заявили, что видят только два варианта: выступить гарантом безопасности жертв  или раздать оружие всем не-рохинджа, чтобы сами решили вопрос, но выбирают первое. Дальнейшее понятно: повстанцы побежали

в Бангладеш, угоняя с собой всех рохинджа, до которых дотянулись, - а многие и сами бежали, опасаясь мести военных за поддержку
«армии», - и десятки тысяч беженцев осели в бангладешских фильтрационных лагерях, где им живется очень плохо. При этом, что интересно, вся правозащитная рать мира, - «Международная амнистия»,

ООН и так далее, - с первых же дней горячей фазы встала на сторону
«милого этнического меньшинства», потребовав от Аун Сан Су Чжи запретить военным подавлять «мирные протесты молодежи рохинджа грубой силой», на что известная правозищитница и демократка (к слову, лауреат Нобелевской премии мира) ответила в том духе,

что права человека существуют для тех, кто уважает права человека, и с тех пор ее поливают грязью не только в СМИ исламских стран, но и в пр<ессе США, тоже однозначно выступающих в поддержку рохинджа. Что, впрочем, и понятно: Мьянма очень плотно и последовательно сотрудничает с Китаем, пренебрегая интересам Штатов в регионе,

а коль скоро так, мировой общественности плевать на то, что из 18 «актов геноцида», вменяемых мьянмарским военным, 12 ныне официально признаны признаны «неточными» 5 «бездоказательными», а военные, виновные в одном-единственном доказанном эксцессе, арестован властями Мьянмы, отданы под суд и наказаны
.


Вот такая длинная предыстория, в чем-то неуловимо похожая на события в Чемодановке,  а чем-то на киевский путч 2014 года, - естественно, с поправкой на масштаб и тот факт, что власти Мьянмы повели себя так, как следует вести себя в таких ситуациях уважающим себя властям, даже если лютуют анижедети, -

и я пересказал только факты, всячески избегая оценок. А теперь, возвращаясь к теме, зададимся вопросом: почему Аун Сан Су Чжи, несмотря на категорическое "Нет!" мьянмарской общественности, все же сочла возможным согласиться ехать в Нидерланды, зная, как легко там превращают свидетелей в обвиняемых?

Это ни для кого не секрет, и очень многих как бы сильных мира сего начинает трясти при легчайшем намеке на приглашение в Гаагу. А вот пожилая хрупкая дама, дочь легендарного  отца, не трясется. Она уверена в своей правоте,  готова отстаивать ее, - и в чем залог ее уверенности? Безусловно,

китайская "крыша" - сильная карта. Пекин очень ценит надежного, не виляющего союзника, и обидеть мьянмарского лидера означает сильно огорчить Китай, на что Нидерланды вряд ли решатся даже под давлением из-за океана. Но, думаю, дело не только в этом. Как рассказывал мне в свое время Игорь, для любого бирманца,

кем бы он ни был, мужчина или женщина, богач или бедняк, крестьянин или вельможа, - очень важно понятие sikhkar, обозначающее сразу все, что по тамошним понятиям делает человека человеком: достоинство, честь, гордость за свою историю истрану. Короче, верность принципам. "Это ощущение базируется

на внутреннем единстве с собственной тысячелетней культурно-исторической и духовной традицией", и оно не предполагает не только прогибов, достатка и комфорта ради, но и малейших компромиссов, без оглядки на последствия. А принципиальность  г-жи Су Чжи известна. Да и вообще, как бы  там ни было, -

согласитесь: решение лично, на  территоррии врага отстаивать достоинство государства, не позволив мазать его грязью, - это сильно. Есть все-таки еще на Земле страны, и есть еще на Земле народы, и есть еще на Земле лидеры, для которых сакраментальное "за державу обидно", - не пустой звук...




          

I live for you - Princess Shyngle says as she tenders apology to her fiance for embarrassing him

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Gambian-born Ghanaian actress, Princess Shyngle, has taken to social media to apologize to her fiance. This is coming after she posted a video of him crying in order to embarrass him online.
          

Approval of Dangerous Love Novel for Basic and Senior Secondary School

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The novel dangerous love authored by Momodou Sawaneh has been approved for use in Gambia’s educational curriculum. The easily readable novel narrates original raw love that is nostalgic to many young people at their tender years. It is the kind of innocent first love in sight that shapes the true love of many young men [...]
          

PART THE SECOND:  ON CONSTITUTIONAL LAW!

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By Gambian Outsider!  This article is sincerely and respectfully dedicated to lawyer Lamin J. Darbo.  A man I greatly respect because he knows what he is talking about on constitutional matters. His consistency and clarity of thought on constitutional matters are very admirable. I have never met or communicated with Koto Lamin, but I admire and [...]
          

December 1st. Ruined Expectations. Time to Wake Up!

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What is your worth as a human being? What are your rights and duties as a citizen? What is a Republic? What is the purpose of Government? Why is the majority of Gambians poor and deprived of basic social services and economic opportunities? Why is the quality of living extremely low for the majority of [...]
          

Spaccio a San Berillo, preso pusher in via Buda

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I carabinieri hanno arrestato il 20enne gambiano Mohamed Traoure
          

China overtakes US in number of diplomatic missions

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For the first time, China has more diplomatic missions around the world than the United States, according to a study published Wednesday that offered fresh evidence of Beijing's global ambitions.

Australia's respected Lowy Institute reported that China's "rapid" rise up the rankings of diplomatic networks continued in 2019, boosted by the opening of diplomatic posts in countries that had previously recognised Taiwan.

"With 276 posts globally, China has for the first time surpassed the United States' network by three posts," authors of the biennial Global Diplomacy Index said.

In results likely to be read as a bellwether for geopolitical shifts, the think tank said US diplomacy had "entered a period of limbo", with President Donald Trump's budget cuts and troubles retaining career diplomats.

The United States opened no new posts and was forced to shutter its consulate in Saint Petersburg -- amid tit-for-tat diplomatic expulsions following the poisoning of Russian ex-spy Sergei Skripal in Britain.

But the US remained the most popular place to have an embassy or consulate, with the 61 countries covered having a total of 342 posts versus 256 foreign diplomatic missions in China.

At the same time, Beijing's footprint continued to grow, with new missions popping up in "Burkina Faso, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, the Gambia, and Sao Tome and Principe -– all former diplomatic friends of Taipei".

The index may be a blunt indicator of influence -- the number of buildings around the world offers little indication of how effective the diplomats who work there will be.

But the survey offers a snapshot of broader political trends.

Despite a pledge to develop a "Global Britain" without European Union membership, the UK has dropped to 11th in the rankings, below Italy, Spain and Brazil.

Meanwhile, Ireland and the Netherlands have boosted their diplomatic networks by more than half a dozen missions each "as part of their Brexit strategies" to take economic and diplomatic advantage of Britain's retreat.

© Agence France-Presse


          

Albino children in Tanzania: restless persecutions and human rights abuses

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NEW RELEASES – “When I was born, my mother tells me that the traditional midwife made a grimace when she saw me. No one welcomed the arrival of a strange baby.”1 These are the meaningful words of Hamis Ngomella, chairman of the albino association and representative the Red Cross. Persons with albinism face discrimination in their everyday life and persecutions that affect their health and well-being all over the world. The special case of children in Tanzania stresses the importance of the need for progress in the protection of albinos’ human rights in order for them to enjoy "the same standards of equality rights and dignity as others."2

English

Albinism in the African culture

As reported by Ikponwosa Ero, the first Independent  Expert  on  the  enjoyment  of  human  rights  by  albino persons, albinism “is a rare, non-contagious,  genetically  inherited  condition that  affects people worldwide regardless of ethnicity or gender.”3 Deriving from a significant lack in the production of melanin, it manifests in a partial or complete absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes. Albinism occurs everywhere in the world, however it’s mostly present in Africa. It’s extremely difficult to determine how many albino persons there are in Africa as the estimates vary hugely. In spite of the difficulties, Dan Gilgoff (National Geographic) wrote that in Tanzania “albino advocacy groups put the number somewhere above 100,000, out of a total population of roughly 48 million people.”4


Despite the small number of albino persons, the lives of the ones that are born in Africa are not easy ones and have never been. According to ancient African traditions, albinos are thought to be ghosts whose parts of the body can be used to make potions and other rituals in order to bring luck and success. Tragically, “many Africans believe that albinos are ghosts who are immune to death and eventually just vanish.”5 These macabre traditions and old beliefs lead today to the prosecution and mutilation of many albinos in Africa, especially in Tanzania.


According to Anseleme Katyunguruza, the Secretary General of the Burundi Red Cross, an increase in “albino hunting” began in 2008, with a special focus on Tanzania. Katyunguruza stated that “witch doctors revived an old superstition that the limbs and genitals of an albino can bring quicker and better results to one’s enterprise. We are condemning and fighting this horrible form of discrimination.”6

 


Discrimination and human rights abuses

Article 5 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child states: “Every child has an inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law.”7 The incredibly important right protected by this piece of legislation – which has been ratified by Tanzania - is not enjoyed by every child in the same way.


Albino children face discrimination in their everyday life since the day they’re born. For instance, in the educative field, “Janet Anatoli, a 28-year-old Tanzanian albino, says teachers in grade school beat her because she couldn't see the chalkboard, due to impaired eyesight caused by her albinism. Many albinos speak of being socially ostracized from a young age and about the toll it takes on their education.”8 The National Geographic9 also reported that Alfred Nabuli, a doctor who helps run an albinism program at the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center in Moshi, Tanzania, said that many albino children aren't sent to school and that many of those who are suffer from poor performance. In a country where access to education is already extremely difficult and where resources are scarce, the discriminatory treatment that albino children have to go through creates more burdens to their development as healthy and respected human beings.


Moreover, not only albino children are discriminated within their communities and alienated from the rest of society, they’re also, tragically, victims of attacks of those who believe that the use of children for rituals and witchcraft practices is “linked to the pursuit of innocence, which, it is believed, enhances the potency of the witchcraft ritual"10, explains Erick Kabendera, a journalist who has been dealing with this issue for many years. Hence, the result is that especially albino children are targeted by traffickers as it’s their belief that the power of these human beings for rituals can be enhanced by their young age.

 


Inefficiency of the legal system fueling inhuman practices

Given the tragedy and gravity of this issue, what has been done so far? And, importantly, what can be done in the future?


In response to the first question, for now, much has been done in terms of raising awareness on the human rights abuses suffered by young albinos. However, there is a specific problem in terms of access to justice and the effective respect of fair trials. As the BBC has reported: “more than 70 albinos have been killed over the last three years in Tanzania, while there have been only 10 convictions for murder.”11 The United Nations12 have expressed their concern over the attacks against persons with albinism which are often committed with impunity, in a recent Resolution. In relation to the issue of impunity, importantly, Ikponwosa Ero pointed out that “challenges  to   ending   impunity   may   include   lack   of   confidence   in   the   law enforcement  or  judicial  system owing to  fear  of  reprisals  or  stigmatization,  ignorance  of their rights  or  lack  of  financial  resources.”13 Furthermore, Amnesty International USA has stressed how “police investigations of such cases [remain] slow and the overall government effort to prevent attacks on albino people [is] inadequate.”14


On top of the issue of impunity, the reality of a “market of killings”15 has started to become more evident. Many parents decide to sell their albino child in exchange of money and the prices can get extremely high: “with the body parts believed to be fetching tens of thousands of dollars on the black market, the trade is thought to be driven by the wealthiest members of society.”16 As the UN Independent Expert interestingly specified, “civil society  reports  indicate  that,  motivated  by  those  prices,  family  members  and  communities have  sold,  or  attempted  to  sell, persons  with  albinism,  thereby  fuelling  the  supply  side  of this macabre trade. The prices also indicate the involvement of wealthy individuals as they stand  in  sharp  contrast  to  the  average  annual  income  per  capita  reported  in the affected regions.”17


Therefore, in relation to the second question, where do we go from here?  Notably, the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights has recently called upon “State Parties to ensure accountability through the conduct of impartial, speedy and effective investigations into attacks against persons with albinism, the prosecution of those responsible, and by ensuring that victims and members of their families have access to appropriate remedies.”18 This is an important starting point since Tanzania has been called upon as one of the states that need to effectively enact a progressive change. Moreover, the UN Independent  Expert  “considers  it  important  to  identify the applicable  human rights  legal  framework  and  the  key  international  human  rights  instruments  that  could  both comprehensively  and  effectively address the  human  rights – related issues  faced  by  persons with albinism in a sustainable way.”19


To sum it up succinctly: a correct human rights framework needs to be efficiently and appropriately found and adopted. International conventions should be respected and regarded as fundamental tools to be addressed in every aspect of albino persons’ lives. In order to fully achieve equal standards of equality and human rights protection for albinos, the need for a clear implementation of legal provisions has to be enacted. Finally, it’s important not to stop raising awareness over the situation of Tanzanian and African albino children and ask the international community to take action for their protection and safeguard.

 

1 ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei (2009) “Defending albinos’ rights to life”, International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Available at: http://www.ifrc.org/en/noticias/noticias/international/defending-albinos...

2 OHCHR (2016) “Report of the Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism”, Human Rights Council, 31st Session. Available at: http://www.equalrightstrust.org/ertdocumentbank/UN%20Report%20-%20Enjoym...

3 Ibidem

4GILGOFF Dan (2013) “As Tanzania's Albino Killings Continue, Unanswered Questions Raise Fears”, National Geographic. Available at: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/10/131011-albino-killings-w...

5 Ibidem

6ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei, Op.Cit.

7African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1990. Available at: http://www.achpr.org/instruments/child#a5

8ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei, Op.Cit.

9GILGOFF Dan, Op.Cit.

10 Ibidem

11BBC News (2014), “Tanzania's albino community: 'Killed like animals' ” Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-30394260

12OHCHR (2013) “Technical cooperation for the prevention of attacks against persons with albinism”, Human Rights Council, 21/33. Available at: http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/AdvisoryCom/A_HRC_RES_...

13 OHCHR (2016), Op.Cit.

14Amnesty International USA (2013) “Tanzania Human Rights”. Available at: http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/africa/tanzania

15 BBC News, Op.Cit.

16ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei, Op.Cit.

17 OHCHR (2016), Op.Cit.

18African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (2013) “Resolution on the prevention of attacks and discrimination against persons with albinism”, 54th Ordinary Session held from 22 October to 5 November 2013 in Banjul, The Gambia. Available at: http://www.achpr.org/sessions/54th/resolutions/263/

19OHCHR (2016), Op.Cit.

 

 

MR - Research Assistant at CIPADH

 


Webography


African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1990. Available at: http://www.achpr.org/instruments/child#a5

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (2013) “Resolution on the prevention of attacks and discrimination against persons with albinism”, 54th Ordinary Session held from 22 October to 5 November 2013 in Banjul, The Gambia. Available at: http://www.achpr.org/sessions/54th/resolutions/263/

Amnesty International USA (2013) “Tanzania Human Rights”. Available at: http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/africa/tanzania

BBC News (2014), “Tanzania's albino community: 'Killed like animals' ” Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-30394260

ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei (2009) “Defending albinos’ rights to life”, International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Available at: http://www.ifrc.org/en/noticias/noticias/international/defending-albinos...

GILGOFF Dan (2013) “As Tanzania's Albino Killings Con

          

Tira il freno d’emergenza  in metrò e picchia il capostazione a San Donato: fermato con il taser

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Tira il freno d’emergenza  in metrò e picchia il capostazione a San Donato: fermato con il taser

Lunedì mattina un 22enne gambiano ha azionato il blocco del convoglio, è sceso, ha aggredito il capostazione, poi ha cominciato a danneggiare con una spranga i mezzi Atm in deposito. È stato arrestato dalla polizia


          

Myanmar: Suu Kyi leading the delegation to ICJ- Implications

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Paper No. 6518                      Dated 30-Nov-2019

By Dr. S. Chandrasekharan

It all began with Gambia on behalf of the OIC filed a Law suit at the United Nation’s International Court of Justice (ICJ) accusing Myanmar of breaching the 1948 Un Genocide Convention through a military campaign in Rakhine State. The ICJ with great alacrity took up the issue immediately and fixed December 12th for detailed hearing in the case!

What is known and not highlighted in the international media is that it was a response to an attack by a terrorist group of Rohingyas on the Police Posts when several Myanmar Policemen were hacked to death.

As the issue before the ICJ is of national concern and interest to all the people of Myanmar, Suu Kyi the State Councilor declared that she will herself lead a delegation with top international experts to argue the case before the ICJ when the case is to come up between December 10 and 12 of this year.

Ever since the announcement by Suu Kyi there has been unconditional outpouring of support and sympathy from people from all walks of life in Myanmar.  There have been public protests in support of Suu Kyi at many places in Myanmar.

But some supporters in Myanmar feel that it is a ‘bad idea’ for Suu Kyi to stick her neck out when there is a good chance and a risk of falling flat on her face! Suu Kyi by herself has no legal background but is taking several international experts to plead the case in the court.

Fully aware of the seriousness of the case and the risks  the country of facing international condemnation, President U Win Myint On 23rd November gathered top civilian and military officers including the Army Chief Min Aung Hlaing  to discuss the ICJ case coming up in Nay Pyi Taw.

The move of Suu Kyi has been welcomed by the Army that has declared that it is ready to support Suu Kyi in any manner to assist her in facing the genocide law suit.  Lt. Gen. Soe Myint who is next to the Army Chief is likely to accompany Suu Kyi to the Hague for the case.

An Army Spokesperson on 22nd November said that both the military and the civilian Government are behind the decision for Suu Kyi to defend her country against allegations of genocide at the UN’s top Court.

Sensing that a united defence against the genocide accusation at the national level may be misunderstood as a move against Muslims or Muslim Religion, a Foreign Office Press Note on 27th November, declared that “Myanmar is to strive in contesting the case, not to cast any aspersion on any nation, race, religion or group” in contesting/arguing in the case.

Some cynics say that the move by Suu Kyi to defend the Army at the international court is to win the sympathy and support of the Army in the hope that the latter would relent to some extent in the reforms she wants to make in the 2008 Constitution. Just this week, Suu Kyi in one of her meetings in Shan State expressed her desire that peace will take hold of her country in her lifetime.  This argument is too far-fetched and the Army is unlikely to relent in the near future to voluntarily give up its stranglehold in the administration of the country.

Another cynical view heard is that Suu Kyi has decided to go to the ICJ as this would certainly be seen  as a popular move that would be appreciated by both the civilian population and the Army and that in turn would help her in 2020 national elections.  Till now it was  generally felt that Suu Kyi may not get the same overwhelming mandate she got in the last General elections.

There is no doubt that Suu Kyi’s chances in the coming elections will be enhanced after her decision to go to the ICJ but this may not be enough to reach the scale and the decisive victory she got in the last elections!

Internationally Suu Kyi had to some extent lost her credibility for failing to stop the excesses against Rohingyas, little realizing that she had her own constraints and her own long-term agenda for stability, peace and prosperity of her country.  Internally too she had been losing her popularity even in Bamar areas besides the ethnic regions.

Perhaps this was one calculated move of hers to redeem herself. 

 

 

 

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The best eco lodges in Gambia

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There are plenty of eco lodges in Gambia. Whilst the country might be better known for its Gambia beach holidays and sex tourism in The Gambia, it does also have a thriving eco tourism scene. In fact, the government have been trying to have a push in sustainable tourism practices in order to diversify the […]

The post The best eco lodges in Gambia appeared first on Lifeasabutterfly.


          

Gambia nightlife: The best night spots in The Gambia

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When you think of The Gambia in West Africa, you might not think too much about Gambia nightlife. Gambia beaches? Sure, there’s loads. Lush tropical greenery in every direction? Of course! Wildlife that lives in harmony with the human population? To be expected. But Gambia nightlife might just pass you by when planning a trip. […]

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