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PALARNIA EL KAWA W DZIERŻONIOWIE

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Specjalizujemy się w wypalaniu zielonej kawy o najwyższej jakości tzw. Speciality Coffe pochodzącej z małych plantacji, nazywanych mikrolotami z Gwatemali, Brazylii, Burundi, Etiopi i innych. Głównym…
          

En route vers l'adhésion du Burundi à l'OHADA

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Les États membres de l'OHADA soutiendront les efforts du Club OHADA Burundi visant à amener ce pays à adhérer à l'Organisation pour l'Harmonisation en Afrique du Droit des Affaires (OHADA). C'est le résultat des échanges entre, Son Excellence Aimé Ange Wilfrid BININGA, Ministre Congolais de la Justice et des Droits Humains et Dr. Emmanuel KAGISYE, Représentant de l'association pour l'Unification du Droit en Afrique (UNIDA). Dans le prolongement de cet encouragement de premier plan, l'association UNIDA entr...
          

contactajopno より Hello world! へのコメント

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BURUNDI: Militaires tués dans l’attaque venant du Rwanda?

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Au moins huit soldats burundais ont été tués lors de l’attaque, dans la nuit de samedi à dimanche 17 novembre, d’une position avancée de l’armée près de la frontière avec le Rwanda, et des dizaines sont depuis portés disparus, a-t-on appris mardi de sources militaires. L’attaque n’a pas été revendiquée et l’identité des assaillants – […]

L’article BURUNDI: Militaires tués dans l’attaque venant du Rwanda? est apparu en premier sur Kubahonet.com.


          

Jan 01, Burundi: New Year's Day

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New Year's Day is a public holiday in all countries that observe the Gregorian calendar, with the exception of Israel. For more information on this holiday, visit the link.
          

Burundi : La décision du gouvernement de confier la vente de l’or à la Banque centrale fait polémique

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L’Observatoire de lutte contre la corruption et les malversations économiques (Olucome) au Burundi a dénoncé, ce mercredi 27 novembre, une mesure prise par les autorités de Bujumbura de suspendre l’achat et la vente d’or par les comptoirs privés au profit de la Banque centrale, la qualifiant de « contreproductive » et de contraire au « principe de libre ...

Cet article Burundi : La décision du gouvernement de confier la vente de l’or à la Banque centrale fait polémique est apparu en premier sur Agence Afrique.


          

Kenya woos oil importers in bid to reclaim business lost to Tanzania

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Kenya hopes to regain its petroleum export market after cutting pipeline tariffs by 50 per cent, a development that sets up stiff competition with Tanzania. Nairobi, which had lost about 30 per cent of its petroleum export market to Dar es Salaam, is also stepping up its crackdown on fuel adulteration and smuggling, a growing menace costing the government $340 million annually in lost taxes. Last week, the Kenya Revenue Authority in collaboration with a multi-agency team formed to strengthen co-ordination among different agencies in curbing illicit trade intercepted a consignment of 7,000 litres of diesel fuel smuggled from Ethiopia. This comes at a time when the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development estimates that the East African Community loses over $500 million in tax revenue annually due to counterfeiting. “KRA has enhanced vigilance at the country’s border points as part of key measures geared towards stepping up the fight against illicit trade and counterfeits,” Kevin Safari, KRA commissioner for Customs and Border Control said in a statement. Kenya hopes the intensified surveillance and crackdown on fuel adulteration and dumping will help the country recapture the petroleum export market from Tanzania. TARIFFS More critically, Nairobi hopes the lower pipeline tariffs will encourage petroleum and petroleum products importers to use the Mombasa port for products destined for neighbouring landlocked countries like Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In the new tariffs imposed by the Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority, oil marketing companies will pay $30.89 per 1,000 litres down from $60 to transport fuel using Kenya Pipeline Company facilities. The rates, which will apply for the next three years, will further be lowered to $30.65 in 2020 and $29.07 in 2021. “Kenya had lost about 30 per cent of its petroleum export market to Tanzania mainly due to the   high tariffs charged for pipeline transport,” EPRA director general Pavel Oimeke told The EastAfrican. He added that in the past 10 days after the implementation of the revised pipeline tariffs, the export volumes have doubled, a trend that is ultimately expected to regain the lost market share. KPC, which was pushing for an upward review of the tariffs that include the domestic market, has however protested the reduction ostensibly on the basis that it will have a negative impact on its bottom line. The company wanted an increase to raise funds to service massive debts procured to finance infrastructure investments including the new Mombasa-Nairobi pipeline constructed at a cost of $473.4 million, and the four new oil storage tanks in Nairobi that cost $50 million. The company has also invested $16 million in the Kisumu Oil Jetty. Mr Oimeke said that KPC has submitted a protest letter to EPRA, which does not amount to an appeal against the new tariffs. “They are yet to submit a detailed appeal to us. What we received is a protest letter. We have written to them and advised on how to structure the appeal accompanied with justification for each item. We will objectively review once we receive the detailed appeal,” he added. According to the Economic Survey 2019, Kenya’s volume of petroleum exports declined to 739.800 tonnes in 2018, from 842.400 tonnes in 2017. Although the value of total exports rose by 7.5 per cent to $374.2 million in 2018 on account of a growth in the value of re-exports, the value of domestic exports of petroleum products dropped by 15.2 per cent to $40.5 million in 2018. DOMESTIC EXPORTS In the first half of 2019, the value of domestic exports stood at $11.5 million from $20.2 million in same period in 2018, a 43 per cent decline. While the volumes of transit petroleum products imports in Kenya have been on the decline, Tanzania has recorded a significant rise in imports entering through the ports of Dar es Salaam and Tanga. Data by the Energy and Water Utilities Regulatory Authority of Tanzania shows that in the financial year ending June 2018, the volume of transit products stood at 2.6 million litres compared with two million litres for 2017, a 35 per cent rise. Ewura, in its 2018 annual report reckons that importers prefer Tanzania due to the authority’s efforts in ensuring compliance to laws and standards in the downstream petroleum subsector. According to Mr Oimeke, the level of petroleum fuels adulteration in Kenya has significantly reduced since September 2018 when the anti-adulteration of $0.173 per litre was introduced for Kerosene. In addition, dumping has significantly reduced due to improvements implemented to the petroleum fuels marking and monitoring programme since January this year. The improvements include increased frequency of monitoring and stiffer penalties for culprits, which has seen compliance levels for both dumping and adulteration hit 100 per cent as at the end of last quarter. “EPRA has increased surveillance and also enlisted the help of the National Police Service to ensure that the problem is dealt with,” he said. He added that EPRA is working with regional energy regulators under the auspices of the Energy Regulators Association of East Africa to improve compliance across the region. ***   TARIFFS The Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority has allowed oil marketing companies to pay $30.89 per 1,000 litres in tariffs, down from $60 to transport fuel using Kenya Pipeline Company facilities. The rates will apply for the next three years and will be further lowered to $30.65 in 2020 and $29.07 in 2021. Oil marketers pay on average $80 to ferry oil from Dar es Salaam on trucks but pay $60 tariff on pipeline to Kisumu and a further $35 to truck the product to Uganda, Rwanda and northern Tanzania buying countries. Tanzania has also stepped up competition by increasing efficiencies at the port. According to the Economic Survey 2019, Kenya’s volume of petroleum exports declined to 739.800 tonnes in 2018, from 842.400 tonnes in 2017. But KPC has protested the cut in tariffs. By The Eastafrica

The post Kenya woos oil importers in bid to reclaim business lost to Tanzania appeared first on Alleastafrica.


          

Kenya retains seat at global maritime council

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Kenya has retained its seat on the Council of the International Maritime Organisation, giving it a chance to continue playing a role in global shipping rule making. The vote on Friday evening in London saw 174 member states take part with Kenya retaining its seat under Category C of 20 countries usually reserved for those with special interest in maritime transport or navigation. In Africa, Morocco, South Africa, Liberia and Egypt are the other members of Category C. Kenya holds special interests in maritime transport and navigation as the coastal, port and flag state “whose strategic location along the Eastern Africa coast makes it a most important cog in the wheel of steering global shipping,” according to Maritime Principal Secretary Nancy Karigithu who led the delegation to the polls. “Our re-election to Council will ensure continued representation of a major geographic area in Eastern Africa and the Great Lakes region consisting of the countries Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda,” she said on Saturday. Kenya’s High Commissioner to the UK Manoah Esipisu, also the Permanent Representative to the IMO, said he was delighted by the vote result. “It confirms the world’s confidence on our leadership around maritime transport and safety, and our commitment to the Blue Economy,” he said. Kenya joined the IMO in 1973 and was first elected to the Council under Category “C” in 2001 and has been re-elected in subsequent elections to date, the last being in 2017. It is one seat at a UN agency where Kenya has dominated lately. But this election saw heavy lobbying. Some marine and shipping giants like Sweden, Nigeria and Liberia lost their bids. Qatar, a wealthy oil producer as well as Saudi Arabia also lost out. The IMO is the specialised agency that determines rules on shipping safety and environment. With more than 80 per cent of global trade running on seas, the IMO’s regulatory framework determines how shipping lines and ports operate. By The Eastafrica 

The post Kenya retains seat at global maritime council appeared first on Alleastafrica.


          

Kenya takes up Nile Basin leadership

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Kenya is now chair of the Nile Council of Ministers and will be led by Water Cabinet Secretary Simon Chelugui. Mr Chelugui takes over from Burundi’s Minister of Environment, Agriculture and Livestock, Dr Deo-Guide Rurema. The handover was done at a pre-conference in Nairobi on Wednesday, where the Council outlined an ambitious plan for the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI). Regional system On Friday, the Council of Ministers led by NBI Secretariat under the executive director of NBI Prof Seifeldin Hamad Abdalla launched the $5.5 million Nile Basin Regional Hydro-Met System that will enable NBI member states to share reliable data for monitoring of the Nile Basin resources as well as collect data to inform planning to prevent potential conflicts over the use of the Nile waters, said Mr Chelugui. The launch was attended by Water ministers from NBI member states, the Nile Technical Advisory Committee, stakeholders and civil society organisations. The Hydro-Met System project funded by the European Union and the government of Government, will include 79 hydrological monitoring stations, 322 meteorological monitoring stations and upgraded water quality laboratories. To-do list As the chair, Kenya will lead the initiative for a period of one year and is seeking to transform it into a co-operation like other basins around the world. “We want to transform it to a co-operation where equitable use of water resources is practised,” said Mr Chelugui. Top of the to-do list for Mr Chelugui is bringing back Egypt to the Initiative. Egypt left in 2010 to protest the signing of the Co-operative Framework Agreement (CFA) by some member countries, a pact that it was opposed to. Currently, six countries have signed the CFA—Uganda, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Kenya and Burundi—of which only four—Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda — have ratified while Kenya is in the process of ratifying after signing it on May 19, this year. Ethiopia has already deposited the CFA with the African Union, while Sudan reviewed its position in 2010. “We intend to employ persuasion and diplomacy to bring back Egypt. We want to reach consensus and reconciliation on the issues which made the state leave,” Mr Chelugui added. Egypt, on the other hand, wants an alternative agreement which will allow other Nile Basin countries to do projects along the River Nile. The country still stands by the 1929 Nile Waters Agreement and the 1959 agreement between itself and Sudan. Other members of the NBI are South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Eritrea as an observer state. River Nile upstream countries have been pushing joint projects, and there is an interconnection and power generation project between Kenya and Uganda (Lessos-Tororo- Bujagali), which is expected to increase cross-border power trade and access to reliable and affordable energy and reduce operational costs, said Mr Chelugui. By The Eastafrica

The post Kenya takes up Nile Basin leadership appeared first on Alleastafrica.


          

La lecture du midi - Laurent Gaudé, Le Soleil des Scorta

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Le 03/12/2019

Lecture en musique par la Compagnie Maâloum.

 

Cette année, pour ces huit lectures du midi, la Compagnie Maâloum propose principalement des extraits de romans d’auteurs de tous pays : Burundi, France, Italie, Allemagne, Chili, États-Unis.



          

Embrace – Burundi Kayanza

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[wp-review-total]

In 3 words: Tart – Cedar – Medium Bodied

The post Embrace – Burundi Kayanza appeared first on Roast Ratings.


          

Albino children in Tanzania: restless persecutions and human rights abuses

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NEW RELEASES – “When I was born, my mother tells me that the traditional midwife made a grimace when she saw me. No one welcomed the arrival of a strange baby.”1 These are the meaningful words of Hamis Ngomella, chairman of the albino association and representative the Red Cross. Persons with albinism face discrimination in their everyday life and persecutions that affect their health and well-being all over the world. The special case of children in Tanzania stresses the importance of the need for progress in the protection of albinos’ human rights in order for them to enjoy "the same standards of equality rights and dignity as others."2

English

Albinism in the African culture

As reported by Ikponwosa Ero, the first Independent  Expert  on  the  enjoyment  of  human  rights  by  albino persons, albinism “is a rare, non-contagious,  genetically  inherited  condition that  affects people worldwide regardless of ethnicity or gender.”3 Deriving from a significant lack in the production of melanin, it manifests in a partial or complete absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes. Albinism occurs everywhere in the world, however it’s mostly present in Africa. It’s extremely difficult to determine how many albino persons there are in Africa as the estimates vary hugely. In spite of the difficulties, Dan Gilgoff (National Geographic) wrote that in Tanzania “albino advocacy groups put the number somewhere above 100,000, out of a total population of roughly 48 million people.”4


Despite the small number of albino persons, the lives of the ones that are born in Africa are not easy ones and have never been. According to ancient African traditions, albinos are thought to be ghosts whose parts of the body can be used to make potions and other rituals in order to bring luck and success. Tragically, “many Africans believe that albinos are ghosts who are immune to death and eventually just vanish.”5 These macabre traditions and old beliefs lead today to the prosecution and mutilation of many albinos in Africa, especially in Tanzania.


According to Anseleme Katyunguruza, the Secretary General of the Burundi Red Cross, an increase in “albino hunting” began in 2008, with a special focus on Tanzania. Katyunguruza stated that “witch doctors revived an old superstition that the limbs and genitals of an albino can bring quicker and better results to one’s enterprise. We are condemning and fighting this horrible form of discrimination.”6

 


Discrimination and human rights abuses

Article 5 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child states: “Every child has an inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law.”7 The incredibly important right protected by this piece of legislation – which has been ratified by Tanzania - is not enjoyed by every child in the same way.


Albino children face discrimination in their everyday life since the day they’re born. For instance, in the educative field, “Janet Anatoli, a 28-year-old Tanzanian albino, says teachers in grade school beat her because she couldn't see the chalkboard, due to impaired eyesight caused by her albinism. Many albinos speak of being socially ostracized from a young age and about the toll it takes on their education.”8 The National Geographic9 also reported that Alfred Nabuli, a doctor who helps run an albinism program at the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center in Moshi, Tanzania, said that many albino children aren't sent to school and that many of those who are suffer from poor performance. In a country where access to education is already extremely difficult and where resources are scarce, the discriminatory treatment that albino children have to go through creates more burdens to their development as healthy and respected human beings.


Moreover, not only albino children are discriminated within their communities and alienated from the rest of society, they’re also, tragically, victims of attacks of those who believe that the use of children for rituals and witchcraft practices is “linked to the pursuit of innocence, which, it is believed, enhances the potency of the witchcraft ritual"10, explains Erick Kabendera, a journalist who has been dealing with this issue for many years. Hence, the result is that especially albino children are targeted by traffickers as it’s their belief that the power of these human beings for rituals can be enhanced by their young age.

 


Inefficiency of the legal system fueling inhuman practices

Given the tragedy and gravity of this issue, what has been done so far? And, importantly, what can be done in the future?


In response to the first question, for now, much has been done in terms of raising awareness on the human rights abuses suffered by young albinos. However, there is a specific problem in terms of access to justice and the effective respect of fair trials. As the BBC has reported: “more than 70 albinos have been killed over the last three years in Tanzania, while there have been only 10 convictions for murder.”11 The United Nations12 have expressed their concern over the attacks against persons with albinism which are often committed with impunity, in a recent Resolution. In relation to the issue of impunity, importantly, Ikponwosa Ero pointed out that “challenges  to   ending   impunity   may   include   lack   of   confidence   in   the   law enforcement  or  judicial  system owing to  fear  of  reprisals  or  stigmatization,  ignorance  of their rights  or  lack  of  financial  resources.”13 Furthermore, Amnesty International USA has stressed how “police investigations of such cases [remain] slow and the overall government effort to prevent attacks on albino people [is] inadequate.”14


On top of the issue of impunity, the reality of a “market of killings”15 has started to become more evident. Many parents decide to sell their albino child in exchange of money and the prices can get extremely high: “with the body parts believed to be fetching tens of thousands of dollars on the black market, the trade is thought to be driven by the wealthiest members of society.”16 As the UN Independent Expert interestingly specified, “civil society  reports  indicate  that,  motivated  by  those  prices,  family  members  and  communities have  sold,  or  attempted  to  sell, persons  with  albinism,  thereby  fuelling  the  supply  side  of this macabre trade. The prices also indicate the involvement of wealthy individuals as they stand  in  sharp  contrast  to  the  average  annual  income  per  capita  reported  in the affected regions.”17


Therefore, in relation to the second question, where do we go from here?  Notably, the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights has recently called upon “State Parties to ensure accountability through the conduct of impartial, speedy and effective investigations into attacks against persons with albinism, the prosecution of those responsible, and by ensuring that victims and members of their families have access to appropriate remedies.”18 This is an important starting point since Tanzania has been called upon as one of the states that need to effectively enact a progressive change. Moreover, the UN Independent  Expert  “considers  it  important  to  identify the applicable  human rights  legal  framework  and  the  key  international  human  rights  instruments  that  could  both comprehensively  and  effectively address the  human  rights – related issues  faced  by  persons with albinism in a sustainable way.”19


To sum it up succinctly: a correct human rights framework needs to be efficiently and appropriately found and adopted. International conventions should be respected and regarded as fundamental tools to be addressed in every aspect of albino persons’ lives. In order to fully achieve equal standards of equality and human rights protection for albinos, the need for a clear implementation of legal provisions has to be enacted. Finally, it’s important not to stop raising awareness over the situation of Tanzanian and African albino children and ask the international community to take action for their protection and safeguard.

 

1 ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei (2009) “Defending albinos’ rights to life”, International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Available at: http://www.ifrc.org/en/noticias/noticias/international/defending-albinos...

2 OHCHR (2016) “Report of the Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism”, Human Rights Council, 31st Session. Available at: http://www.equalrightstrust.org/ertdocumentbank/UN%20Report%20-%20Enjoym...

3 Ibidem

4GILGOFF Dan (2013) “As Tanzania's Albino Killings Continue, Unanswered Questions Raise Fears”, National Geographic. Available at: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/10/131011-albino-killings-w...

5 Ibidem

6ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei, Op.Cit.

7African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1990. Available at: http://www.achpr.org/instruments/child#a5

8ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei, Op.Cit.

9GILGOFF Dan, Op.Cit.

10 Ibidem

11BBC News (2014), “Tanzania's albino community: 'Killed like animals' ” Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-30394260

12OHCHR (2013) “Technical cooperation for the prevention of attacks against persons with albinism”, Human Rights Council, 21/33. Available at: http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/AdvisoryCom/A_HRC_RES_...

13 OHCHR (2016), Op.Cit.

14Amnesty International USA (2013) “Tanzania Human Rights”. Available at: http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/africa/tanzania

15 BBC News, Op.Cit.

16ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei, Op.Cit.

17 OHCHR (2016), Op.Cit.

18African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (2013) “Resolution on the prevention of attacks and discrimination against persons with albinism”, 54th Ordinary Session held from 22 October to 5 November 2013 in Banjul, The Gambia. Available at: http://www.achpr.org/sessions/54th/resolutions/263/

19OHCHR (2016), Op.Cit.

 

 

MR - Research Assistant at CIPADH

 


Webography


African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1990. Available at: http://www.achpr.org/instruments/child#a5

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (2013) “Resolution on the prevention of attacks and discrimination against persons with albinism”, 54th Ordinary Session held from 22 October to 5 November 2013 in Banjul, The Gambia. Available at: http://www.achpr.org/sessions/54th/resolutions/263/

Amnesty International USA (2013) “Tanzania Human Rights”. Available at: http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/africa/tanzania

BBC News (2014), “Tanzania's albino community: 'Killed like animals' ” Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-30394260

ENGSTRAND-NEACSU Andrei (2009) “Defending albinos’ rights to life”, International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Available at: http://www.ifrc.org/en/noticias/noticias/international/defending-albinos...

GILGOFF Dan (2013) “As Tanzania's Albino Killings Con

          

EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT

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UNDP: EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT in Bujumbura, BURUNDI. Closing date: 2019-12-02


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