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AOC Inspires Man To Run False Facebook Ads

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this California man is challenging Facebook to remove his lying political ads. If you saw the Facebook Libra hearing featuring the AOC Zuckerberg full video moment, you know that AOC asked if she could run a Facebook ad claiming Republicans supported the Green New Deal. After the Zuckerberg hearing her question is being put to the test. This new Facebook political ad claims Lindsey Graham supports the Green New Deal. What happens next will display how Republicans vs. Democrats are treated on the social media platform.

(9 votes - 0 comments - 134 views)

          

AOC Inspires Man To Run False Facebook Ads Testing Mark Zuckerberg | NowThis

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UPDATE 3-California reveals Facebook probe, says social media company stonewalling investigation

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California revealed for the first time an 18-month investigation into Facebook Inc's privacy practices and accused the social media giant on Wednesday of hampering the probe by failing to turn over emails from Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg.

          

Who is Facebook responsible to? What is Facebook responsible for?

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Trump's anti-Biden ad is still on Facebook. Warren's anti-Zuckerberg ad is still on Facebook. Both contain allegedly false statements. Why would Facebook allow this? I wanted the answer, so I asked my friend Carolyn Everson, Facebook's VP Global Marketing Solutions to join me and Ross Martin on this week's episode of "Think About This" so we could find out who Facebook responsible to, and what is Facebook responsible for? Her answers may surprise you.

The post Who is Facebook responsible to? What is Facebook responsible for? originally appeared here on Shelly Palmer


          

The Common Law History of Section 230 with Brent Skorup (Ep. 208)

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The Common Law History of Section 230 with Brent Skorup (Ep. 208)

 

Bio

Brent Skorup (@bskorup) is a senior research fellow at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. His research areas include transportation technology, telecommunications, aviation, and wireless policy.

He serves on the FCC’s Broadband Deployment Advisory Committee and on the Texas DOT’s Connected and Autonomous Vehicle Task Force. He is also a member of the Federalist Society’s Regulatory Transparency Project.

The White House, the FCC, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, and a dissenting opinion at the Illinois Supreme Court have cited his research. In addition to economics and law journal publication, he has authored pieces for National Affairs, Reuters, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, Wired, Air Traffic Management magazine, Regulation magazine, and elsewhere. He’s appeared as a TV and radio interview guest for news outlets like C-SPAN, NPR, CBS News, ABC News, and CNBC Asia.

Brent has a BA in economics from Wheaton College and a law degree from the George Mason University School of Law, where he was articles editor for the Civil Rights Law Journal. He was a legal clerk at the FCC’s Wireless Telecommunications Bureau and at the Energy and Commerce Committee in the U.S. House of Representatives. Before joining Mercatus, he was the Director of Research at the Information Economy Project, a law and economics university research center.

Resources

 

Mercatus Center

 

The Erosion of Publisher Liability in American Law by Brent Skorup and Jennifer Huddleston (Mercatus Center, 2019)

 

News Roundup

 

Zuckerberg, Facebook under mounting pressure over political ads

 

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg is set to meet with civil rights leaders this week after his company has maintained its policy to leave up political ads containing false statements by politicians. The company has applied the policy unevenly, first allowing Donald Trump to maliciously post an ad with false information about Joe Biden; then leaving up an Elizabeth Warren ad containing false information designed to illustrate the absurdity of Facebook’s ad policy.  During a hearing, Zuckerberg also admitted to Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez that if she were to place a false political ad, that the company would probably leave it up. 

 

But Facebook is inexplicably removing false ads placed by Political  Action Committees. One notable example is an ad placed the Really Online Lefty League – ROLL – a Political Action Committee co-founded by Adriel Hampton – which falsely claimed that Lindsey Graham supports the New Green Deal. Hampton, an experienced marketing and political strategist, responded by filing to run for governor of California. Then gubernatorial candidate Hampton posted a false political ad and Facebook took it down, saying his campaign wasn’t legit—that it was just a ploy to place a false ad to see what Facebook would do. Even though Hampton says he fully expects to win the governorship, Facebook hasn’t reinstated the ad.

 

It’s a mess.

 

Top officials from the NAACP, National Urban League, and the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights are scheduled to meet with Zuckerberg this week to express their concerns with Facebook’s political ad policy, which the company now says has been extended to the UK.

 

Facebook sued for age, gender bias in financial services ads

 

A plaintiff in San Francisco filed a potential class action federal lawsuit last week claiming that Facebook discriminates against users based on age and gender in determining who can see financial services ads.  The lawsuit comes 7-months after Facebook agreed to tailor its platform to avoid discrimination on the basis of age, gender and zip code for job, credit, and housing ads.

 

US launches Tik Tok investigation

 

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) has launched a national security investigation into Tik Tok, which is owned by the Chinese firm Bytedance. A bipartisan cohort of lawmakers including Democrat Chuck Schumer, Republican Marco Rubio, and Tennessee Democratic Congressman Bart Gordon have all expressed concern about how the Chinese government uses TikTok’s data. TikTok’s growth has been outpacing the growth of incumbent social media companies in the U.S.

 

 

Snowden: Facebook as untrustworthy as the NSA

 

Whistleblower Edward Snowden, who is exiled in Russia for blowing the lid off the National Security Agency’s mass data collection practices six years ago, told ReCode’s Kara Swisher last week that Facebook is as untrustworthy as the NSA when it comes to privacy. But he didn’t limit his remarks to Facebook. He said that all tech companies are looking to exploit our personal data no matter the consequences. He also said that, on the surface, users may appear not to be concerned about how big tech companies handle their data but that, in reality, users are very concerned but feel powerless.

 

Five people shot and killed at Airbnb rental

 

Five people were shot and killed at an Airbnb rental Northern California during a Halloween party on Thursday. The rental listing on Airbnb prohibited parties and the renter claimed it was renting the space for family members who were suffering from smoke inhalation from the fires in the Los Angeles area. A witness reported to Buzzfeed that the shooting occurred with apparently no provocation. Airbnb has banned the renter from the platform.

 

China launches 5G network

 

Chinese officials announced last week that it would roll out 5G to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Hangzhou 2 months ahead of schedule. The country also announced plans to roll out 5G to over 50 cities by the end of this year. While U.S. telecom companies have begun their 5G roll-out, it’s largely been rolled out on higher frequency bands than the 5G service that’s being rolled out in China. The lower frequency bands that China’s using cover a larger surface area, while the higher frequency bands U.S. companies are using are more powerful but cover less ground.

 

Corey Booker introduces bill to ban facial recognition in public housing

 

Senator Corey Booker has introduced a bill to ban facial recognition in public housing. The Senator cites the disproportionate impact that facial recognition technology threatens to have on the nation’s most vulnerable communities. The No Biometric Barriers to Housing Act targets public housing that receives funding from the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

 

Apple pledges $2.5 billion for California affordable housing

 

Apple announced that it will invest $2.5 billion to address California’s affordable housing shortage. Some of those funds will be applied statewide. Others will be allocated for projects in the Bay Area. Three hundred million dollars will go towards affordable housing on Apple-owned property.

 

Following Katie Hill’s resignation, Democrats push for revenge porn law

 

Thirty-five democrats in Congress sent a letter to the House Judiciary Committee to pass a federal revenge porn law that would criminalize the nonconsensual posting of sexually explicit images online. The letter followed Congresswoman Katie Hill’s resignation from Congress after someone posted nude images depicting her and others as well as accusations that she was having inappropriate relations with campaign and congressional staffers. Hill blames her husband, whom she is in the process of divorcing, for posting the photos.

 

 

MIT president acknowledges discrimination against minorities and women on campus

 

Finally, Massachusetts Institute of Technology president Rafael Reif acknowledged last week that women and people of color often face exclusion and belittlement on campus and that it’s something the university is trying to improve. The development follows revelations of Jeffrey Epstein’s ties to the university.


          

California reveals Facebook probe, says social media company stonewalling investigation

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California revealed for the first time an 18-month investigation into Facebook Inc's privacy practices and accused the social media giant on Wednesday of hampering the probe by failing to turn over emails from Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg.

          

To: Mark Zuckerberg & @nick_clegg of @facebook @sundarpichai & @Kent_Walker of @Google We’re calling on you to issue a moratorium on all political and issue-based advertising until the conclusion of the UK Parliamentary Elections. Our open letter: https://mzl.la/2PMcrRw 

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To: Mark Zuckerberg & of & of We’re calling on you to issue a moratorium on all political and issue-based advertising until the conclusion of the UK Parliamentary Elections. Our open letter: https://mzl.la/2PMcrRw 


          

This Too Shall Pass: One Last “Boo!”

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by Elinor Jones

Hello! Raise your hand if you’re ready to read the news while you can because print media is a dying industry! ...Um, hello? You ready? Okay, I don’t actually know what you’re doing, because this is a newspaper and I’m not watching you read it (OR AM I?), so I’m going to assume you’re all enthusiastically flailing your arms around like that one Kermit gif and that you desperately want to read about current-ish events that has been spiced up with my peppery commentary. Please, by all means, do allow me to throw down:


I Like Baseball Now!

I know everybody already knows about Trump getting booed at game five of the World Series last week, but I want to talk about it more because it was beautiful. Motherfucker got BOOED! Because everybody HATES! HIM! LOL. The DC home team, the Nationals, went on the win the World Series. I know baseball fans are notoriously superstitious so I can only assume that Nationals fans will now ceremoniously boo Trump ahead of every game from here on out. Forget your stupid popcorn and peanuts, this might be the tradition that gets me into baseball.


The Internet: Bad, Really Bad, and the Worst

Twitter and Facebook have been locked in a terrible game to see which can do the most harm to our mental health and national conscience, but last week Twitter moved into the least-bad position. First, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testified before Congress about the harm Facebook unleashes on democracy and got his ass 100 percent handed all the way back to him by many members of Congress, including millennial socialist superstar Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who pretty much got Zuck to admit that he’s gonna keep cashing all the checks—misinformation and malice be damned. Meanwhile, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced (in a tweet! Predictable.) that Twitter would not be running any political ads whatsoever anymore because they recognized it was too hard for users to differentiate between content they want and paid content that’s getting forcibly mashed into their brains. Twitter’s CFO went on to say “This decision was based on principle, not money.” Principles over money? On the internet? Sounds very fake news, but okay.

In another corner of the internet, principles lost handily to money: Gawker descendent sports-adjacent blog Deadspin was bought out by some tech bros a few months ago, who promptly missed the whole point of the site by demanding that writers “stick to sports” and then wantonly demolished staff morale to the point that every single writer and editor resigned en masse last week. Some of the best and smartest and silliest writers came from the Gawker universe; Deadspin was a holdout from a 2009-era internet that meant so much to so many of us, and it was destroyed because the jocks can’t stand that the nerds got cool. I really pity any writer who’s about to be looking for a job when so many of those extremely talented writers are pounding the same pavement! (This will be funny when you get to the end; keep going.)


In Local News

Oregon’s only GOP congressman, Greg Walden, announced that he will not seek reelection next year. He said he will be “seeking new challenges,” which is politician-speak for “becoming a lobbyist and getting richer than God [evil laugh].” I’m from Hood River, where Walden lives, and hereby call upon my former classmates who still live there to mercilessly bully him at Rosauers or the Ranch or wherever else he shows his face because he was one of the chief hacks of trying to overturn Obamacare and stood grinning like a cartoon villain behind Paul Ryan and Donald Trump, and the NRA loves him so we don’t like him. Bye, Greg! Enjoy being retired! (I.e. being harassed! [EVIL LAUGH.])

Locally, but also in big cities like New York, city leaders have a real bee in their bonnets about folks not paying their fare to use mass transit, and instead of just making it free, they’re spending buttloads of money to put up cameras, hire fare inspectors, and turn trains and buses into mobile police states. All this for God’s green TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS! So what? Who cares?! Here in Portland, TriMet announced that it’s hiring nine new fare inspectors. Allow me to flex some elementary school-level math: Let’s say each of those inspectors is making a low-ish starting wage for a government-adjacent employee of $45,000. Multiply that by nine and it’s $405,000 for one year. TriMet could have bought full, unlimited passes for 12 whole months for 1,205 low-income residents instead of paying nine narcs to harass people of color and anyone who looks poor. Now I will make this about me: I live on one end of one bus route from my office, but it’s somehow cheaper for me to gas, insure, and drive my Honda to and from work than it would be to take the bus, which I’d rather do. And if the city would prefer that I play my Sudoku while operating a motor vehicle rather than sitting on a bus, rubbing shoulders with friends I haven’t met yet, that’s on them.


Celebrity Skin

Did you know I’ve written this column for over one year and I’ve never once mentioned a Kardashian or Kanye? It’s true! I wanted to see if I could do it, and I can. A person can only yell about so many things with their time on earth, and plenty of people are already yelling about them, so I opted to focus my energy elsewhere. Not to suggest they’re not newsworthy, or that I don’t know what’s on their social media feeds most hours of most days, but some people are only firmly lodged in our national interest because we keep letting them stay there, and I wanted to make one little space that didn’t add to that. Just wanted to be sure you noticed. Which brings us to....


The LAST Last Word

I’m always sad when a column comes to an end, but I’m especially sad this time because this is my last column. :( I’ve had such a wonderful time sharing my 100 percent correct opinions with all of you and challenging myself to explain things with real words where in normal life I’d just use a series of chirps and emojis. Thank you, all of you (even the jerk who said I was about as funny as Gallagher, who is a SUCCESSFUL AND TIMELESS COMEDIAN so THANKS FOR THE COMPLIMENT, JERK) for reading, and if you want to stay in touch, I’m still grinding on Twitter @elinorjoneser and on the ’gram @elinorjo. Okay, smell ya later! <3 Joneser: OUT.

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California reveals Facebook probe, says social media company stonewalling investigation

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California revealed for the first time an 18-month investigation into Facebook Inc's privacy practices and accused the social media giant on Wednesday of hampering the probe by failing to turn over emails from Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg.

          

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Shenjat që tregojnë se keni lindur për t’u bërë biznesmen | Telegrafi

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Telegrafi - 16:40 06/11
Numri i fëmijëve amerikanë që ëndërrojnë të bëhen sipërmarrës është shumë i lartë, por ai numër zvogëlohet për 28% në adoleshencë. Veç kësaj, shumica e atyre ëndrrave nuk mbijetojnë gjatë ...
Botasot: Shenjat që tregojnë se keni lindur për t’u bërë biznesmen
Tetova Sot: Shenjat që tregojnë se keni lindur për t’u bërë biznesmen

          

Leaked documents show #Facebook leveraged user data to fight rivals and help friends

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A cache of leaked Facebook documents shows how the company's CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, oversaw plans to consolidate the social network's power and control competitors by treating its users' data as a ...
          

[Guerre di Rete - newsletter] Whatsapp contro NSO; Facebook e le pubblicità

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Guerre di Rete - una newsletter di notizie cyber
a cura di Carola Frediani
N.50 - 3 novembre 2019

Di cosa si parla:

- Whatsapp contro NSO
- Facebook e gli ads
- I social e i documenti d’identità
- indagini forensi e Cellebrite
- e poi disinformazione, meme war e altro

WHATSAPP CONTRO NSO
Facebook e Whatsapp dichiarano guerra agli spyware
A maggio Whatsapp aveva annunciato di aver individuato e bloccato un attacco che sfruttava una vulnerabilità della sua funzione di video-chiamata (ne avevo scritto qua in newsletter). Un utente riceveva una video-chiamata, ma l’attaccante in realtà trasmetteva di nascosto un codice malevolo per infettare il telefono del ricevente. Non era necessario che la persona rispondesse alla chiamata.
Bene, ora, in questi giorni, dopo mesi di indagine, Whatsapp è uscita allo scoperto con una azione legale contro la società israeliana NSO, produttrice di trojan e spyware che vende a governi e intelligence, incolpandola degli attacchi subiti dai propri utenti. A dirlo è la stessa Whatsapp in un articolo sul Washington Post (testata non casuale, vi ricordo che ci sono sospetti - respinti da NSO, che finora ha sempre negato coinvolgimenti - che degli spyware siano stati usati contro l’entourage del suo editorialista Jamal Khashoggi, brutalmente ucciso dai sauditi, secondo la stessa intelligence Usa).
Come hanno ricondotto gli attacchi a NSO?
Gli attaccanti avrebbero usato server e servizi di hosting già associati a NSO, nonché account Whatsapp.
Chi erano i target?
Secondo l’azione legale promossa da Whatsapp, NSO avrebbe costruito una piattaforma di hacking che sfruttava una vulnerabilità dei server Whatsapp per aiutare i clienti a violare i cellulari di almeno 1400 utenti, tra aprile e maggio 2019.
Whatsapp avrebbe individuato almeno 100 attivisti dei diritti umani, giornalisti e membri della società civile in tutto il mondo, dagli Usa agli EAU, dal Bahrein al Messico, dal Pakistan all’India.
Un nome ad almeno una vittima
Uno di questi è stato intervistato dalla BBC. Si chiama Faustin Rukundo, vive a Leeds (UK) ma proviene dal Rwanda del cui regime è un oppositore, e ad aprile aveva ricevuto delle strane chiamate su Whatsapp da un numero svedese. Aveva provato a richiamare ma nessuno aveva mai risposto. Solo di recente ha scoperto di essere uno dei 1400, dopo aver ricevuto una chiamata dai ricercatori del Citizen Lab, che hanno contribuito alle indagini.
I target governativi
Ma ce ne sono altre di vittime, che potrebbero dare un risvolto geopolitico alla faccenda. Secondo Reuters, infatti, una porzione “significativa” di vittime erano funzionari governativi e militari di alto profilo, sparsi per 20 paesi, molti di nazioni alleate agli Usa. Uno scenario che apre la possibilità che alcuni clienti di NSO abbiano usato i suoi servizi non per fare indagini interne, ma per operazioni di spionaggio. Il professore di studi strategici e cyberwar Thomas Rid nota che mentre il ministro di Giustizia Usa chiede backdoor per Facebook/Whatsapp, militari e funzionari di governi amici venivano attaccati proprio con una backdoor (involontaria ovviamente). Come dire: qui il problema è rafforzare la sicurezza, non aumentare i buchi nella gruviera.
Da notare che Whatsapp avrebbe prima verificato la lista dei target con il database di possibili richieste da parte di Stati relative ad indagini, come terrorismo o pedofilia, ma non avrebbe trovato sovrapposizioni.
Cosa vuole ottenere la causa mossa da Whatsapp?
L’azienda controllata da Facebook ritene che quegli attacchi siano stati un abuso della sua rete; vuole una ingiunzione per fermare NSO dall’accedere alla sua piattaforma; ritiene che anche se NSO ha fornito i servizi a dei clienti, sia comunque responsabile in quanto architetto del software (BBC)
Che possibilità ha di vincerla?
La strada è in salita, secondo una analisi di Wired. In pratica Whatsapp sta accusando NSO di violazione del Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (e di altre leggi statali), ma il caso è un tentativo ardito di usare quella legge per “punire non solo gli hacker che hanno violato i computer di una azienda, ma anche quelli che sfruttano i suoi software per violare i computer dei suoi utenti”. Nel mentre però, c’è almeno un campo d’azione su cui Whatsapp sembra voler giocare. Infatti secondo alcuni voci non confermate, i dipendenti di NSO si sarebbero trovati chiusi tutti i loro account Facebook, Whatsapp, Instagram (ht Alex Stamos)
Il ruolo di NSO
La causa di Whatsapp - che allega vari materiali e manuali interni di NSO - getta però nuova luce sul funzionamento del software della società israeliana e i suoi rapporti con i clienti. E mostra un ruolo più attivo di quello che si pensasse nell’assistenza degli stessi. Ad esempio, scrive Vice, nel confezionare messaggi di phishing per specifici target.

FACEBOOK
Pubblicità politiche, che fare?

Abbiamo visto che Facebook ha deciso di non fare fact checking sulle pubblicità dei politici, una decisione che ha raccolto varie critiche. Ora si aggiunge una lettera interna di 250 dipendenti, secondo la quale permettere ai politici di mentire nelle pubblicità è una minaccia alla stessa azienda (NYT).
Cosa dice la lettera?
“La libertà di espressione (free speech) e la propaganda (paid speech) non sono la stessa cosa. La cattiva informazione (misinformation) ci riguarda tutti”. La decisione di non fare fact checking sui politici è una minaccia a quello in cui crede Facebook (...) “perché permette di trasformare la nostra piattaforma in un’arma prendendo di mira persone che credono che i contenuti postati dai politici siano veri”.
Il suggerimento è dunque di considerare gli ads politici come gli altri, ma nel contempo usare sistemi visuali per far capire ancora di più che sono ads. Inoltre - punto importante - i dipendenti suggeriscono di limitare il targeting per gli ads politici. Attualmente è normale per un politico caricare la lista degli elettori per poi usare gli strumenti di tracking comportamentale (come i pixel) e l’engagement con le pubblicità per raffinare ancora di più gli ads. Il rischio è che le persone non possano avere la possibilità di controllare pubblicamente quanto viene detto. “Inoltre questi ads sono così microtargeted (mirati su gruppi specifici, ndr) che le conversazioni sulla nostra piattaforma sono ancora più rinchiuse dentro silo separati di altre”. Infine, esplorare la possibilità di un silenzio elettorale.
(Per inciso, proprio di microtargeting e di questo problema ho parlato sabato su Omnibus - La 7, min 47)
La proposta
La situazione è molto mutevole e dinamica. In queste ore sul piatto c’era infatti anche una proposta da parte di una delle società che fanno fact checking per Facebook di trovare un sistema bipartisan per fare fact checking anche sugli ads politici. Vedremo (CNN)
La provocazione
Mentre si svolgeva questo dibattito, un politico e attivista di San Francisco, Adriel Hampton, si registrava come candidato a governatore con lo scopo di pubblicare pubblicità false su Facebook, in una sorta di atto dimostrativo (CNN).

PROPOSTE ITALIANE
Documenti per usare i social? Anche no, dai

Per un qualche motivo che mi è incomprensibile (nella sua essenza, non nei fattori esterni scatenanti), siamo di nuovo tornati a parlare di proposte di legge per far presentare i documenti (carte d’identità ecc) agli utenti che vogliano usare un social network o un servizio online pensando in tal modo di eliminare o ridurre l’odio online. Proposte che negli anni sono state sempre bocciate da una miriade di esperti e quindi accantonate. Ora c’è stata la proposta del deputato Marattin (qui la sua intervista a Corriere), e dunque è ripartito un film già visto.
Mi limito a mettere dei link, iniziando con un momento amarcord:
2014, copertina di Wired: Fabio Chiusi e la sottoscritta scrivevamo perché chiedere i documenti fosse inutile se non dannoso. Ma il tempo passa e i temi ritornano dunque….
In questa settimana del 2019:
- Profili sui social network e carta d'identità: perché non è possibile
L'idea di "schedare" tutti i cittadini che abbiano un profilo social pone problemi tecnici, giuridici e politici insormontabili (Giovanni Ziccardi)
- Odio e disinformazione (che sono ovunque per strada, in TV, sui social) sono una seria questione culturale. Come si affrontano? (Arianna Ciccone)
- Disinformazione, propaganda, bugie, minacce, insulti, provocazioni, odio hanno diritto di cittadinanza in Rete? (Fabio Chiusi su Valigia Blu)
- La lesione dei diritti dei cittadini è da sempre un chiaro tema reazionario (ok, il suo vero titolo è un po’ più tranchant) (Il Post - Massimo Mantellini)
- Una sparata controproducente (Radio dell’avvocatura - Francesco Micozzi - audio)
- Perché questo genere di proposte sono inutili - uno Stefano Zanero già di qualche mese fa (ma sul tema direi d’annata, come il vino buono).
- Velleitario e pericoloso (dichiarazioni Garante Privacy)
Mi fermo qua, anche se ho lasciato fuori molti altri interventi, ma se mi costringete a riparlarne, la prossima volta ve li metto tutti, ok?

Riassunto e disegnino semplificato per chi non ha tempo o voglia: quel tipo di proposta per quel tipo di problema equivale ad avere le zanzare in casa e a sparar loro cannonate. Le zanzare restano, i buchi nei muri rendono la tua casa (i diritti di tutti) ancora più fragile. Meglio mettere degli zampironi e modificare l’aria che si respira.
Dunque oltre a investire massicciamente, in modo pianificato, a tutti i livelli, in cultura digitale (un tipo di formazione che sarà cruciale per la nostra sopravvivenza come nazione avanzata, detto en passant) e in educazione civica e cultura generale, si può chiedere, ad esempio:
- al governo: molte più risorse a magistratura e postale per indagare su reati
- alle piattaforme: procedure più snelle ed efficienti per ottenere i dati in caso di indagine
- alle piattaforme: canali più diretti con gli utenti che siano vittima di attacchi organizzati e sistemi per tutelare categorie più deboli o esposte
- alle piattaforme: spiegazioni chiare e trasparenza quando decidono di rimuovere contenuti in violazione delle loro policy, procedure chiare per appellare tali decisioni, revisione umana di decisioni automatizzate
-alle piattaforme: più strumenti in mano al singolo utente per gestire come preferisce il proprio feed, quello che vede, quello che vedono gli altri, come interagire con altri ecc
-alle piattaforme: trasparenza massima sulle pubblicità, specie quelle politiche, valutare se limitarle in qualche modo o fare altri controlli
- ai politici: chiedere di abbassare i toni, non aggredire utenti, non aizzare folle online e offline, tenere sotto controllo i propri spazi social ecc
- ai media: non dare rilevanza, se possibile, ai primi 4 idioti che insultano qualcuno online per ottenere esattamente quello, visibilità.
E ovviamente molto altro, ma era solo per dare un assaggio di come inquadrare diversamente la questione.

CINA E BLOCKCHAIN
Fedeli alla blockchain

Abbiamo visto che la Cina si è lanciata sulla blockchain con anche investitura dall’alto di Xi Jinping. Ora il partito comunista cinese ha chiesto ai suoi membri di attestare la loro fedeltà su blockchain. Chissà cosa ne penserebbe Satoshi Nakamoto. Ad ogni modo si potrebbe usare anche per le promesse elettorali dei nostri politici…. (si scherza)
Coindesk

USA/CINA
Avanti col ban Huawei e ZTE

La Federal Communications Commission andrà avanti con la proposta di vietare ai giganti delle telecomunicazioni americane l’uso di apparecchiature di rete delle cinesi Huawei e ZTE, perché per l’agenzia sarebbero un rischio alla sicurezza nazionale.
TechCrunch

SPOTIFY
I podcast stanno andando bene su Spotify
QZ

APT28
Olimpiadi nel mirino

Gli hacker russi noti come APT28 o Fancy Bear stanno prendendo di mira 16 organizzazioni sportive e anti-doping in vista delle Olimpiadi 2020, avvisa Microsoft
Zdnet

DEEPFAKE
Fa un deepfake porno su una ragazza, arrestato

Uno studente indiano è stato arrestato per aver usato le foto su Instagram di una teenager al fine di produrre un suo deepfake (video in cui sono riprodotte le fattezze di qualcuno per dire o fare cose che non ha mai fatto) pornografico e minacciare di distribuirlo poi online (Ndtv).
Da una breve ricognizione mi pare che i deepfake su celebrità (e non) in India siano molto diffusi. Un anno fa una giornalista indiana schierata a difesa dei diritti delle donne era stata presa di mira con deepfake pornografici.

CELLEBRITE
Il caso Boettcher e lo sblocco del suo iPhone

La società israeliana Cellebrite - che si occupa di estrarre dati da dispositivi - ha pubblicato un caso studio in cui descrive come sono stati usati i suoi servizi in una vicenda di cronaca giudiziaria italiana, quello della coppia Boettcher/Lovato, e della aggressione con l’acido all’ex fidanzato di lei. Tra i reperti sequestrati a Boettcher c'era un iPhone, protetto da un PIN di 4 cifre che il ragazzo diceva di non ricordare. Come indicato nel case study, le consulenti dei legali di parte civile avevano già rinvenuto e analizzato un backup dell'iPhone che però risultava essere stato prodotto un paio di mesi prima dell'aggressione: per poter avere un quadro completo della vicenda si decise quindi di provare ad accedere direttamente all'iPhone. Era l’inizio del 2015. I magistrati allora incaricano un noto ed esperto consulente informatico forense, Mattia Epifani, di capire come gestire la situazione e presentare loro tutte le opzioni sul tavolo per provare a ottenere anche quei dati. Alla fine viene scelto di provare con Cellbrite, riferisce il rapporto.
“L'aspetto rilevante che Cellebrite evidenzia nel suo case study - commenta a Guerre di Rete Paolo Dal Checco, altro noto ed esperto consulente informatico forense - è che Cellebrite è stata in grado di sbloccare un iPhone protetto da PIN in un momento nel quale il loro servizio era l'unico disponibile, a parte alcune soluzioni rischiose che funzionavano solamente in particolari condizioni. L'incarico relativo allo sblocco dell'iPhone di Boettcher, inoltre, è stato tra i primi conferiti ufficialmente dall'Autorità Giudiziaria italiana alla società israeliana e ha dato il via a una serie d'incarichi conferiti ancora oggi, ovviamente su dispositivi più recenti”.
Case study

CATALOGNA
Rimossa l’app per coordinare manifestanti di Tsunami Democratic

La Spagna ha richiesto la rimozione da GitHub dell'app (APK) di Tsunami Democratic, usata per organizzare proteste in Catalogna, perché lo stesso movimento viene considerato dalla polizia una organizzazione criminale che faciliterebbe atti di terrorismo (ht @Orariccardo)
TechCrunch

STRUMENTI
Il creatore di Maltego ha realizzato un nuovo tool per estrarre e organizzare info mentre si naviga.
ht The Grugq

CYBERCRIME
Storia di un giovane americano che combatte i ransomware, creando strumenti per decriptarli, quando possibile. E’ il più grande creatore di decryptor gratuiti.
ProPublica

CILE
In Cile gli hacker svelano documenti riservati dei Carabineros - La Stampa

LETTURE

GIORNALISMO
Se vuoi una redazione di successo, devi avere una redazione rappresentativa della diversità della popolazione. Reuters Institute

GIORNALISMO LOCALE

La fiducia nelle notizie locali negli Usa è più alta rispetto ai media nazionali, ma non è tutto oro quel che luccica. Inoltre coprire in modo più aggressivo temi sociali e politici potrebbe far diminuire questa fiducia, ma diversamente si rischia di abdicare alla funzione del giornalismo.
Lo studio: State of Public Trust in Local News

DISINFORMAZIONE
Un paper che studia l’astroturfing politico - la creazione di campagne coordinate di finti attivisti per fini di propaganda/manipolazione - su Twitter. Tra le altre cose, solleva un punto interessante: gran parte delle campagne di questo tipo usano umani, e cercare solo bot (account automatizzati) rischia di essere un limite.
Political Astroturfing on Twitter: How to Coordinate a Disinformation Campaign

SFRUTTAMENTO
Schiave via app

Il mercato delle lavoratrice domestiche trattate come schiave e “vendute” via app In Kuwait e Arabia Saudita. Inchiesta BBC

MEME WAR
I meme come armi nella guerra dell’informazione e disinformazione

La ricetta: origine indefinita, più nocciolo di verità, più una scalata progressiva nella catena dei media, più amplificazione e consacrazione dai media tradizionali impegnati nel debunking - Technology Review

FABBRICHE DI TROLL
Una giornalista polacca ha lavorato sotto copertura in una agenzia di PR del Paese i cui dipendenti gestiscono decine di finti account a testa e su indicazioni della direzione promuovono determinati contenuti politici
Guardian

NON SOLO CYBER
Contro l’ossessiva ricerca della felicità - Aeon

Reminder:
- ci vediamo l’8 novembre a Bologna (ore 18, Libreria UBIKIrnerio, via Irnerio 17) per la prima presentazione del mio romanzo Fuori Controllo (edizioni Venipedia)
- il 9 novembre, sempre a Bologna, alla tavola rotonda di HackInBo (il programma).

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Buona domenica!


          

California's attorney general reveals he's investigating Facebook over privacy issues, and says it's not complying with subpoenas (FB)

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Mark Zuckerberg Facebook CEO

  • California has been quietly investigating Facebook over privacy issues and its business model for more than a year.
  • On Wednesday, the state's Attorney General Xavier Becerra went public with that investigation for the first time.
  • He did so because, he said, Facebook has failed to comply with subpoenas requesting information.
  • It's the latest headache for the Silicon Valley-based firm, which has lurched from scandal to scandal over the last two years.

California has quietly been investigating Facebook over potential privacy violations and Cambridge Analytica for more than a year. On Wednesday, it went public with that investigation — to announce that Facebook has been failing to comply with lawful subpoenas requesting information about its privacy practices.

In a court filing published Wednesday, California's top government lawyer, Xavier Becerra, said that the Silicon Valley-based social network was dragging its feet over his demands for data, failing to properly answer some questions and outright refusing other requests.

Becerra's office is currently engaged in an investigation into the business practices of Facebook and whether its approach to user privacy violates California law, the filing revealed. 

Facebook has failed to properly respond to a subpoenas relating to this, the court filing said: "Facebook has provided no answers for nineteen interrogatories and produced no documents in response to six document requests. Facebook has also wholly refused to search communications involving senior executives for responsive materials. Thus, Facebook is ... failing to comply with lawfully issued subpoenas and interrogatories."

Becerra's office is now asking the San Francisco Superior Court to take action to force Facebook to comply with its requests.

At a press conference, Becerra said that this was why his office is now going public with the news of the investigation. "We make our work public when there is a legal action to make public, otherwise we do not discuss our investigations," he said. "If Facebook had complied with our legitimate investigative requests, we would not be making this announcement today."

The issue represents a fresh headache for Facebook, which has lurched from scandal to scandal over the last two years — and may result in more of its sensitive internal documents and communications becoming public. Also on Wednesday, 4,000 pages of documentation relating to Facebook's approach to user data and privacy were made public, despite the social network fighting for months to keep them secret.

In an email, Facebook did not directly address whether it had failed to comply with any subpoenas. Will Castleberry, VP of state and local policy, said in a statement: "We have cooperated extensively with the State of California's investigation. To date we have provided thousands of pages of written responses and hundreds of thousands of documents."

Got a tip? Contact this reporter via encrypted messaging app Signal at +1 (650) 636-6268 using a non-work phone, email at rprice@businessinsider.com, Telegram or WeChat at robaeprice, or Twitter DM at @robaeprice. (PR pitches by email only, please.)

Read more:

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Comparing Forbes' lists of America's richest people from 1982 and 2019 shows how differently wealth is tracked today

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forbes 400 1982 vs 2019

  • For 37 years, Forbes has released an annual ranking of the 400 richest Americans.
  • Business Insider obtained a partial copy of the first Forbes 400 list published in 1982. Comparing it with the 2019 version shows key differences in how wealth was tracked and described then versus today.
  • On the 1982 list, the richest Americans' fortunes are described using vague wording like "probably exceeds $1 billion" and "above $2 billion."
  • Today, the numbers are much more precise — e.g. Jeff Bezos is worth $114 billion and Bill Gates is worth $106 billion.
  • The 1982 ranking was not numbered, but organized into categories like "$500 million and up," while today the individuals are clearly ranked No. 1 (Bezos), No. 2 (Gates), etc.
  • Unlike on the 1982 list, billionaires in 2019 were also ranked by their philanthropy score, based on how much they give to charity. 
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

For 37 years, Forbes has released an annual ranking of the 400 richest Americans.

Today, the Forbes 400 is topped by people like Jeff Bezos, Bill Gates, and Warren Buffett, and represents hundreds of billions of dollars.

Business Insider obtained a partial copy of the first Forbes 400 list published in 1982. Comparing it with the 2019 version revealed several stark differences in how wealth was tracked and described then versus today.

The most obvious difference is the sheer quantity of wealth depicted on the Forbes 400 lists. The top five richest Americans today — Bezos, Gates, Buffett, Mark Zuckerberg, and Larry Ellison — are worth a collective $435.4 billion — more than 2% of America's GDP.

The top five richest Americans in 1982 had a combined fortune of roughly $11 billion. But the differences don't end there.

The Forbes 400 in 2019 gives a precise ranking of American billionaires and includes a 'philanthropy score'

In the 2019 list, the billionaires are organized by net worth in a numbered ranking. Other data points include each billionaire's age, home state, source of wealth, and whether or not the individual is an impact investor.

Each person also gets a philanthropy score on a scale of one to five, measuring how much they give to charity. 

The richest person on the list is Jeff Bezos, with an estimated net worth of $114 billion and a philanthropy score of two.

Forbes 400 2019

If you click on a person's name on the online version of the list, a box drops down with more details about the source of the person's wealth. Bezos, for example, has two bullet points:

  • "Jeff Bezos founded e-commerce colossus Amazon in 1994 out of his garage in Seattle. He remains CEO and owns a nearly 12% stake.
  • He divorced his wife MacKenzie in July 2019 after 25 years of marriage and transferred one quarter of his Amazon stake to her."

You can then click "See Full Profile" for a more in-depth description of each individual's life and fortune. 

The original Forbes 400 in 1982 was not explicitly ranked, used vague wording, and represented much less wealth

The original Forbes 400 published in 1982 looks quite different from today's.

For one, the richest person on the Forbes 400 in 1982 wouldn't even make the list today. The richest American in 1982 was Daniel Keith Ludwig with an estimated $2 billion net worth. In 2019, the minimum net worth to make the list was $2.1 billion.

Similar to today's bullet points, each individual got a short blurb noting their age, location, source of wealth, and in some cases, tidbits such as "in continual pain 50 years from back injury" and "principal hobby: sailing."

Forbes 400 1982

But in stark contrast to today's list, the richest Americans' fortunes in 1982 were described using vague wording like "probably exceeds $1 billion" and "above $2 billion." In 2019, those numbers are much more precise — e.g. Bezos is worth $114 billion and Gates is worth $106 billion — although they are still estimates. 

And unlike the 2019 list with its clear, numbered ranking, the 1982 richest Americans weren't numerically ranked.

"They were still ordered by net worth, there just wasn't a numbered ranking explicit on the pages," Christina Vega, Forbes' director of communications, told Business Insider. "They were also further divided into various sections, like '$1 billion and up,' '$500 million and up.'"

Vega told Business Insider that while the Forbes 400 methodology has evolved and improved over the years, "net worth numbers are all still estimates." 

While the Forbes 400 lists have evolved since 1982, two names have consistently appeared on the rich list since the very beginning: Philip Anschutz and William Herbert Hunt.

In 1982, Anschutz was ranked the seventh-richest American with an estimated net worth of "over $1 billion," made in industries including oil, railroads, telecom, real estate, and entertainment. Hunt was ranked the 10th-richest with a net worth "in excess of $1 billion," derived from the oil industry.

SEE ALSO: The richest American 37 years ago wouldn't even make it onto the Forbes billionaires list today

DON'T MISS: The 5 richest men in the US have a staggering combined wealth of $435.4 billion. That's more than 2% of America's GDP.

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Leaked emails show how Facebook wielded its control over user data to hobble rivals like YouTube, Twitter, and Amazon (FB)

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Mark Zuckerberg Facebook Congress House of Representatives Committee

  • Facebook employees regularly discussed how to make special exceptions to the company's policies on data-sharing in order to hobble its competitors like Youtube, Amazon, Twitter, and Pinterest, leaked documents show.
  • Thousands of pages of confidential emails, messages, and documents from inside Facebook were made public Tuesday, shining unprecedented light on how the tech giant operates.
  • Facebook had set general policies on how other apps could access data like peoples' emails and friends lists. But internal emails show Facebook employees wanted to restrict competitors' data access, even when those use cases were already approved.
  • The leaked documents surfaced at a time when Facebook's current and past behavior is under intense scrutiny amid antitrust investigations and accusations it engaged in anti-competitive conduct.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

High-ranking Facebook employees strategized about how to use Facebook's vast control of user data in order to hobble specific companies it viewed as threats, according to internal messages that leaked Wednesday.

User data is a valuable currency for tech companies and sits at the heart of Facebook's business model. While it does not sell user data, Facebook shares some user data with other apps when people connect their Facebook account to those apps — for instance, apps that let users log in with Facebook can typically see users' email addresses and friends lists, allowing them to connect with their Facebook friends on the third-party app.

But on multiple occasions in the early 2010s, Facebook employees discussed plans to selectively restrict access to that valuable data for apps making competing products, like Twitter, Amazon, Pinterest, and YouTube — even in cases when those apps had already been approved to access Facebook user data.

Reached for comment by Business Insider, a Facebook spokesperson said in a statement: "These old documents have been taken out of context by someone with an agenda against Facebook, and have been distributed publicly with a total disregard for US law."

The leaked messages show how Facebook explored selectively blacklisting certain apps, using its dominance in the sphere of social media to stymie competitors' growth. This practice was the subject of an NBC News report published in April 2019, and the newly-leaked messages provide more details.

In one leaked email from June 2013, Facebook employee Jackie Chang describes a decision to restrict Amazon's access to Facebook user data because Amazon's wishlist was seen as a competitor to the Facebook Gifts app.

"Platform will be pushing a functional change ... which will limit Amazon's ability to read friend data (including birthdays) to only friends connected to that App. This should significantly stymie Amazon's ability to grow the gifting app beyond users immediately connected," Chang wrote.

Another leaked exchange from October 2011 shows high-ranking employees planning to blacklist Twitter from seeing users' friends lists, a measure that Facebook already enacted for YouTube. The conversation took place at a time when Facebook was aware it had leverage over Twitter, according to Computer Weekly — Twitter links represented 1% of outbound traffic on Facebook, while Facebook links made up 33% of outbound traffic on Twitter. 

"Can you check to make sure we restrict the Twitter API to block out friend lists?" one employee wrote.

"Youtube is not allowed to see users that don't already use the app, so a friend list would be returned, but it would be only friends that are already Youtube users. This was never enabled for Twitter," another employee responded.

Users' privacy appears to be an afterthought in these exchanges, but Facebook employees regularly referred to user trust as the public-facing reason the company would give for restricting what data it shares. In one instance, Facebook decided to increase the data it shared with Apple due to a special agreement, and an employee worried that people would be skeptical of Facebook's messaging on user trust.

"My concern is around the perception that we can't hold our story together. We're going all-in on the user trust message as our reasoning for doing the v4 shakeup and it'd be sad [journalists] clearly pointed out that there was an easy and obvious workaround on iOS," the employee wrote.

Facebook is the subject of a sweeping antitrust investigation based on allegations that it engaged in anti-competitive conduct

SEE ALSO: Facebook fought to keep a trove of thousands of explosive internal documents and emails secret. They were just published online in full.

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REFILE-UPDATE 3-California reveals Facebook probe, says social media company stonewalling investigation

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California revealed for the first time an 18-month investigation into Facebook Inc's privacy practices and accused the social media giant on Wednesday of hampering the probe by failing to turn over emails from Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg.

          

Leaked documents show Facebook leveraged user data to fight rivals and help friends

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NBCNews: “A cache of leaked Facebook documents shows how the company’s CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, oversaw plans to consolidate the social network’s power and control competitors by treating its users’ data as a bargaining chip. The documents were obtained and are being published by NBC News. This trove comprises approximately 7,000 pages in total, of which […]
          

(UPDATED) Faceberg Tries Buying Off Civil Rights Leaders With Surf and Astroturf Dinner

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Concerns about Facebook’s political ad policy brought to Zuckerberg’s dinner table “Steak, scallops and the future of American democracy were among the items on the menu at one of Mark Zuckerberg’s homes on Monday night as the Facebook CEO hosted … Continue reading
          

Kommentar zu Facebook legt sich ein eigenständiges Unternehmenslogo zu von Worn

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A und K weisen leichte Rundungen in ihren Strichen auf, was ich sehr schön finde. Somit distanziert sich das Erscheinungsbild etwas von den simplen geometrischen Fonts. Hätten sie gerne noch etwas mehr ausbauen bzw. noch deutlicher machen können - kann eine uninspirierte Wortmarke nur aufpeppeln. Wundert mich ja schon, dass kein "Zuckerberg Inc." draus geworden ist.
          

California discloses Facebook probe, sues for documents

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California's attorney general disclosed an ongoing probe into Facebook's privacy practices Wednesday, as it sued the company over its repeated refusal to turn over documents and answer questions.

California Attorney General Xavier Becerra said his probe has been going on for more than a year. He said he was disclosing it now because his office was making a public court filing to force the company to comply with subpoenas and requests for information.

"Facebook is not just continuing to drag its feet in response to the Attorney General's investigation, it is failing to comply," the lawsuit said.

The lawsuit was filed in state Superior Court in San Francisco.

The California probe, one of many legal and regulatory inquiries into Facebook, began as a response to the Cambridge Analytica scandal and grew into an investigation into whether Facebook misrepresented its privacy practices, deceived users and broke California law.

Cambridge Analytica, a data mining firm, gathered details on as many as 87 million Facebook users without their permission. The Federal Trade Commission fined Facebook $5 billion this summer for privacy violations in an investigation that also grew out of that scandal. California officials say questions have been raised about what Facebook knew and why it didn't prevent third parties such as Cambridge Analytica from misusing user data.

The court filing said Facebook hasn't given answers on 19 of the attorney general's questions and hasn't given any new documents in response to six document requests. The filing also said Facebook has refused to search the emails of top executives Mark Zuckerberg and Sheryl Sandberg, as the state requested.

Becerra's office said it requested additional information after Facebook took a year to respond to an initial...


          

Zuckerberg'e büyük taş

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Bütün veri skandallarına rağmen yerinde dimdik duran Mark Zuckerberg, şimdi de Hilary Clinton'dan bir taş yedi!
          

These 5 alternative social networks are the cure for Facebook fatigue

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From familiar functionality to altogether new takes on the tried-and-true social network, here are a handful of apps and services to help you phase out Facebook.

Ah, Facebook. Never a dull moment when it comes to political issues, user privacy and, of course, sexy emojis.

Read Full Story


          

Even Facebook’s Libra can’t escape the fintech establishment

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Despite Facebook’s reach, IMD professor Howard Yu and research fellow Jialu Shan break down how its Libra digital currency is no match for legacy financial institutions.

It’s hard to believe regulators can learn faster than entrepreneurs, but they do. Back when Mark Zuckerberg testified before Congress in April 2018, Senator Orrin Hatch (a Republican from Utah) interrogated Facebook’s business model by asking him “why users don’t pay for your service,” to which a smiling Zuckerberg replied, “Senator, we run ads.” Eighteen months later, on October 23, 2019, Zuckerberg faced another congressional grilling, this time over his proposed digital currency, Libra.

Read Full Story


          

Con la verdad por delante: Facebook asume que desarrolladores se quedaron con datos de usuarios de grupos.

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En el ultimo año hemos visto como Facebook ha salido a poner la cara por una serie de problemas de privacidad que ha surgido en su red social, con momentos en que el mismo Mark Zuckerberg tuvo que sal ... - Fuente: tecnofanatico.com
          

Facebook users mistrusted apps long before Zuckerberg did, leaked documents show

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No, Farmville, you may NOT have access to my photos.

Thousands of pages of court documents containing Facebook's internal communications leaked to the public on Wednesday. Reading between the lines of business bluster, you'll find ideological clashes between executives; these dense email chains would come to shape Facebook's future, and now reveal its blind spots.

One such oversight comes in the realm of user trust in third party apps. By contrasting a 2011 email exchange between executives, and some of Mark Zuckerberg's own thoughts from 2012, it appears that Facebook's users were wise to the risks of giving third party apps access to their personal data long before Facebook's CEO was.  Read more...

More about Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, Cambridge Analytica, Tech, and Cybersecurity
          

Facebook-Hating MRC Sets Bozell-Trump Jr. Interview On Facebook Live

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It appears all those free dinners with Mark Zuckerberg have paid off for Media Research Center chief Brent Bozell.

As we've documented, the Facebook chief has been sucking up to Bozell and other conservatives who agitate against Facebook by spreading the never-proven narrative that it uniquely discriminates against conservatives by hosting them at off-the-record dinners (which the MRC then had to defend). It seems now that Bozell is sufficiently comfortable with Facebook that he'll use it to his advantage.

The MRC is currently promoting an Nov. 12 interview Bozell will conduct with Donald Trump Jr. that will air on ...  Facebook Live. The promotion links to, yes, Bozell's Facebook page.

It's as if Bozell and the MRC are merely trying to exploit a perceived confict with Facebook for personal and political advantage and that they would never leave the platform -- after all, if Facebook were really as biased as Bozell claims it is, he would never air this interview on it, right?

It's as if Bozell has been completely insincere about this the whole time.


          

Zuckerberg Challenged by Civil Rights Leaders on Misinformation

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Zuckerberg Challenged by Civil Rights Leaders on Misinformation(Bloomberg) -- Facebook Inc. Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg was urged by civil rights activists during a dinner at his home to push the company to more aggressively root out election misinformation and voter suppression on its social-media platforms.Civil rights leaders, including Al Sharpton, also asked Zuckerberg to prioritize civil rights more vigorously inside the company. The dinner Monday, which lasted about two hours at Zuckerberg’s Palo Alto, California, home, included discussion on topics like voter suppression and misinformation campaigns heading into the 2020 U.S. elections, plus tactics being used to keep people off the voter rolls ahead of the census, according to Sharpton and Rashad Robinson, president of the advocacy group Color of Change, who were among the attendees.Facebook has been under scrutiny on issues including election manipulation, privacy lapses and potential antitrust actions. Civil rights activists took particular issue with the company when researchers found Russian operatives used Facebook to target African American voters with misinformation and voter suppression efforts during the 2016 presidential campaign.Zuckerberg, who was joined by Facebook executives including Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg and head of global policy Nick Clegg, was encouraged to embed civil rights experts in the company who would be alert to nuances in the political discourse -- such as calls for voters to stand their ground -- that Sharpton said are meant to suppress votes even though it might not appear that way.“We said free speech has to be done within the framework of public safety and abiding by the law,” Sharpton told Bloomberg. “Breaking the law in our opinion is any engagement in knowingly being involved in voter suppression.”Robinson said Facebook needs to build civil rights into its company DNA.Facebook needs a “C-suite-level team that is focused on civil rights,” Robinson said. This group would look at things like Facebook’s artificial intelligence efforts, algorithms, ads and content to provide the company with “a lens by which civil rights is viewed.““We’re grateful that these prominent leaders of the civil rights community took the time to attend a private dinner hosted by Mark and Sheryl,” a Facebook spokeswoman said. “They discussed a range of important issues and we look forward to continuing these conversations.”The conversation was respectful and engaging, according to attendees, and Zuckerberg asked a lot of questions. He reiterated points he’s made publicly about the role he wants Facebook to play as a center of debate and concerns about the company acting as an arbiter in U.S. political discourse, Sharpton said.Facebook executives didn’t make any promises about how or what they might do to address the activists’ concerns, attendees said.“The implication was that he is thinking through how to get to the right place,” Sharpton said. “I think the fact that he had the meeting and had it in his home, not that he had others do it or even meet at his office, was a signal that he’s directly looking into this.”“I felt like we had a substantive and respectful conversation that was robust,” Robinson added. “Whether or not we were heard will depend on their actions.”To contact the reporters on this story: Kurt Wagner in San Francisco at kwagner71@bloomberg.net;Ben Brody in Washington, D.C. at btenerellabr@bloomberg.netTo contact the editors responsible for this story: Jillian Ward at jward56@bloomberg.net, Andrew Pollack, Dan ReichlFor more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.com©2019 Bloomberg L.P.



          

Tuesday's results; Wednesday's events; ABC's controversy; Sondland's revision; Zuckerberg's dinner; NBA's new streaming service

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® © 2019 Cable News Network, Inc. A WarnerMedia Company. All Rights Reserved. You are receiving this message because you subscribed to CNN's "Reliable Sources" newsletter. Our mailing address is: Cable News Network, Inc.

(mailchi.mp)


          

Qual é a cor do cabelo das executivas bem-sucedidas?

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Michelle Obama (Foto:  Jim Bennett / Colaborador // Getty Images)

 

Uma executiva compartilhou um artigo curioso comigo. O texto falava que, apesar de apenas 2% da população ser naturalmente loiro, metade das presidentes femininas das grandes empresas e a maioria das mulheres nos altos escalões da política são loiras.

“Você acha que devo tingir meu cabelo para virar loira também?”, ela me perguntou.

Eu pensei que ela estava brincando: uma mulher mulata, bonita, autoconfiante, com ótimas credenciais e muito sucesso profissional, não iria gastar seu tempo com algo tão trivial.

Obviamente o problema não era a cor do cabelo.

Ela confessou que, na verdade, estava nervosa a respeito de sua participação futura em um vídeo corporativo. Por não ser loira como “aquelas mulheres bonitas e bem-sucedidas,” como ela seria percebida pelos funcionários da empresa?

“Veja o exemplo da Michelle Obama. Quais são as caraterísticas mais atraentes dela? Seu cabelo? A cor da pele? A sua roupa?", disse a ela.

“A atitude, a personalidade, a auto-confiança e a inteligência”, respondeu a executiva. Ela entendeu o que eu queria dizer.

Essa interação me fez refletir sobre a importância da representatividade e as dificuldades sociológicas enfrentadas pelas pessoas que nunca veem alguém como elas nos cargos de liderança.

Sendo uma mulher branca (e loira), nunca pensaria em algo como a cor de cabelo como um símbolo de pertencimento a um grupo de sucesso. Entretanto, como uma mulher, estou extremamente ciente da escassez de modelos variados de sucesso.

Faça um experimento intelectual e escreva “líder de sucesso” no Google. Na maioria dos resultados, aparece uma imagem de homem branco com terno e gravata.

Quando é preciso citar um líder inovador, sempre aparecem os mesmos nomes: Jeff Bezos, Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg etc. Recentemente ressurgiu o nome de Elizabeth Holmes (mais uma loira), da Theranos, mas num contexto de empreendedora que se perdeu e cometeu fraude.

Temos uma visão extremamente estereotipada sobre as características que tornam uma pessoa um bom executivo ou executiva, e continuamos perpetuar o mito do gênio abusivo como um modelo certo de liderança. Temos que mudar isso aí.

+ A pergunta que as empresas devem parar de fazer às mulheres em entrevistas de emprego

*Miriam Grobman ajuda líderes de empresas de grande porte e startups criar culturas mais eficazes e fortalecer suas lideranças femininas. Ela também desenvolve programas de liderança para mulheres de alto potencial

 


          

Bitcoin And Crypto Is Heading For An Epic Social Media Showdown

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In one corner: Twitter’s cofounder and chief executive Jack Dorsey. In the other corner: Facebook’s cofounder and chief executive Mark Zuckerberg. The

The post Bitcoin And Crypto Is Heading For An Epic Social Media Showdown appeared first on ecxx.com blog.


          

Leaked Documents Show Facebook Leveraged User Data To Fight Rivals and Help Friends

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A cache of leaked Facebook documents shows how the company's CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, oversaw plans to consolidate the social network's power and control competitors by treating its users' data as a bargaining chip. NBC News reports: This trove comprises approximately 7,000 pages in total, of which about 4,000 are internal Facebook communications such as emails, web chats, notes, presentations and spreadsheets, primarily from 2011 to 2015. About 1,200 pages are marked as "highly confidential." Taken together, they show how Zuckerberg, along with his board and management team, found ways to tap Facebook users' data -- including information about friends, relationships and photos -- as leverage over the companies it partnered with. In some cases, Facebook would reward partners by giving them preferential access to certain types of user data while denying the same access to rival companies. For example, Facebook gave Amazon special access to user data because it was spending money on Facebook advertising. In another case the messaging app MessageMe was cut off from access to data because it had grown too popular and could compete with Facebook. All the while, Facebook planned to publicly frame these moves as a way to protect user privacy, the documents show. State and federal authorities are now closely scrutinizing Facebook's business practices. In October, New York Attorney General Letitia James announced that 47 attorneys general from states and U.S. territories plan to take part in a New York-led antitrust probe into Facebook. Over the summer, the House Judiciary Committee held hearings over antitrust concerns in Silicon Valley while the Federal Trade Commission also continues to examine the firm's practices.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


          

Aaron Sorkin: Open Letter to Zuck

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Aaron Sorkin: An Open Letter to Mark Zuckerberg

Facebook isn't defending free speech, it's assaulting truth.


          

These 5 alternative social networks are the cure for Facebook fatigue

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From familiar functionality to altogether new takes on the tried-and-true social network, here are a handful of apps and services to help you phase out Facebook.

Ah, Facebook. Never a dull moment when it comes to political issues, user privacy and, of course, sexy emojis.

Read Full Story


          

Even Facebook’s Libra can’t escape the fintech establishment

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Despite Facebook’s reach, IMD professor Howard Yu and research fellow Jialu Shan break down how its Libra digital currency is no match for legacy financial institutions.

It’s hard to believe regulators can learn faster than entrepreneurs, but they do. Back when Mark Zuckerberg testified before Congress in April 2018, Senator Orrin Hatch (a Republican from Utah) interrogated Facebook’s business model by asking him “why users don’t pay for your service,” to which a smiling Zuckerberg replied, “Senator, we run ads.” Eighteen months later, on October 23, 2019, Zuckerberg faced another congressional grilling, this time over his proposed digital currency, Libra.

Read Full Story


          

California acusa a Facebook de no colaborar en investigación sobre privacidad

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San Francisco, 6 nov (EFE).- El fiscal general de California (EE.UU.), el demócrata Xavier Becerra, acusó este miércoles públicamente a Facebook de no estar colaborando con la investigación del departamento que él dirige acerca de la gestión de la privacidad de los usuarios por parte de la compañía.

Becerra calificó las respuestas enviadas hasta la fecha por parte de la empresa de 'evidentemente inadecuadas' y anunció que ha pedido a la Justicia que obligue a Facebook a colaborar con la pesquisa dando respuesta de forma precisa a sus peticiones.

'Nuestro trabajo debe seguir adelante. Nos han dejado sin más opción que pedir una orden judicial para que Facebook dé cumplimiento de buena fe a nuestras peticiones de información', apuntó el fiscal general californiano en un comunicado.

La investigación se abrió en junio de 2018, solo unos meses después de que se destapase el escándalo de la consultora británica Cambridge Analytica, que utilizó una aplicación para recopilar millones de datos de internautas de la plataforma sin su consentimiento y con fines políticos.

La empresa se sirvió de datos de Facebook para elaborar perfiles psicológicos de votantes que supuestamente vendieron a la campaña del ahora presidente de EE.UU. Donald Trump durante las elecciones de 2016, entre otros.

La pesquisa de Becerra se centra en este escándalo, y gran parte de los documentos e información que ha pedido a Facebook (comunicaciones entre ejecutivos, cambios llevados a cabo en la configuración de privacidad, etc.) y por los que no ha recibido respuesta corresponden al caso de Cambridge Analytica.

En paralelo, este miércoles salieron a la luz 7.000 páginas de documentos que Facebook entregó a la Justicia por otras investigaciones, y en los que se revela, entre otras cosas, que en el pasado la compañía utilizó los datos de los usuarios como arma de negociación con terceras partes, beneficiando a sus aliados y perjudicando a sus rivales.

Así, entre 2011 y 2015, la compañía que dirige Mark Zuckerberg habría facilitado el acceso a datos de los usuarios a aquellas aplicaciones y desarrolladores con los que mantenía una buena relación, y se lo habría negado a aquellos a quienes veía como competidores o rivales.

Algunos de los casos más evidentes fueron dar acceso especial a Amazon a los datos como compensación por la compra de espacios publicitarios en la red social, a la vez que este fue eliminado a la plataforma de mensajería online MessageMe al considerar que su ritmo de crecimiento le estaba convirtiendo en un rival para Facebook.

Los documentos, publicados por la cadena estadounidense NBC, también revelaron que los ejecutivos de la compañía planeaban presentar estas decisiones ante el público como esfuerzos encaminados a 'proteger la privacidad de los usuarios'.

Estas revelaciones podrían perjudicar a Facebook en los varios frentes que mantiene abiertos por presuntas prácticas monopolísticas, con sendas investigaciones abiertas por parte de la Comisión Federal del Comercio (FTC, por su sigla en inglés), los fiscales generales de 47 estados y territorios de EE.UU. y el Comité Judicial de la Cámara de Representantes. EFE


          

United States: Facebook Ceo Mark Zuckerberg Defends Libra - Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft LLP

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In testimony before the House Financial Services Committee, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg defended his company's proposed virtual currency
          

Con la verdad por delante: Facebook asume que desarrolladores se quedaron con datos de usuarios de grupos.

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En el ultimo año hemos visto como Facebook ha salido a poner la cara por una serie de problemas de privacidad que ha surgido en su red social, con momentos en que el mismo Mark Zuckerberg tuvo que sal ... - Fuente: tecnofanatico.com
          

Facebook zmienia logo

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Nowy wzór ma pojawić się we wszystkich aplikacjach firmy Marka Zuckerberga. Technologiczny gigant chce w ten sposób podkreślić, że są one jego własnością.
          

Tidbits - Oct. 24, 2019 - Reader Comments: Impeachment; AOC, Bernie; Young Voters, Democratic Socialism; Nuclear Weapons; Kurds; Peter Handke; Zuckerberg; Girls' Soccer; Lynchings map; Future of Warehouse Jobs; World Social Forum; more ...

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Tidbits - Oct. 24, 2019 - Reader Comments: Impeachment; AOC, Bernie; Young Voters, Democratic Socialism; Nuclear Weapons; Kurds; Peter Handke; Zuckerberg; Girls' Soccer; Lynchings map; Future of Warehouse Jobs; World Social Forum; more ... jay Thu, 10/24/2019 - 14:04
          

“He’s F--king Destroyed This Town”: How Zuck Became the Most Reviled Man in Tech

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“He’s F--king Destroyed This Town”: How Zuck Became the Most Reviled Man in Tech
          

CEO Mark Zuckerberg Facebook Pushing "Holocaust Denial Laws in America"

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none
          

Declaration by David Godkin producing 212 sealed exhibits - 16 May 2018

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The exhibits produced in this declaration by David Godkin, counsel for app developer Six4Three, contain internal Facebook communications, including emails between CEO Mark Zuckerberg and senior executives, correspondence and chat-logs, spreadsheets and strategy presentations. Published by: ComputerWeekly.com
          

10 things in tech you need to know today

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Mark Zuckerberg at Georgetown University

Good morning! This is the tech news you need to know this Thursday.

  1. Thousands of explosive internal Facebook documents were published online in full. Facebook has fought vigorously against the release of the documents, arguing that they presented an unbalanced picture of the company.
  2. California's attorney general revealed he's investigating Facebook, and says it's not complying with subpoenas. California has been quietly investigating Facebook over privacy issues and its business model for more than a year.
  3. Facebook admitted to another data leak, saying that up to 100 developers accessed people's data from Groups. In April 2018 Facebook implemented new rules restricting the amount of personal data third parties could access following the Cambridge Analytica scandal, but some apps seem to have been unaffected by the new rules.
  4. Federal prosecutors charged two former Twitter employees with spying on behalf of Saudi Arabia. The criminal complaint unsealed Wednesday alleges that the former employees snooped on the accounts of people who were critical of Saudi Arabia.
  5. Alphabet's board has launched a probe into the company's handling of sexual misconduct charges, including those made against its top attorney. David Drummond, Alphabet's chief legal officer, had an affair and a child with a subordinate and is accused of having other affairs with women in his department.
  6. Bill Gates addressed his multiple meetings with Jeffrey Epstein, saying he "I made a mistake in judgment." Gates said he thought affiliating with Epstein would encourage the financier to commit money to global health initiatives, but that the money never materialized.
  7. Airbnb is rolling out major safety changes following five deaths at a Halloween party last week. Airbnb will now verify all listings and have a 24/7 help line available, among other changes.
  8. China's biggest ridehailing company Didi will bar female passengers from using its carpooling service after 8 p.m. after two women were murdered. The curfew is part of its relaunch of Hitch, a carpooling app which Didi suspended after the murder of a female passenger in August 2018.
  9. China will ban gamers under 18 from playing video games after 10 p.m. in order to curb a growing online addiction. Underage gamers will also be restricted to 90 minutes of gameplay on weekdays according to China's General Administration of Press and Publication.
  10. Airbnb lost a high-stakes vote in Jersey City that will put increased restrictions on short-term rentals. This was a major defeat for Airbnb, which spent more than $4 million campaigning against the increased regulation ahead of the vote and its upcoming IPO.

Have an Amazon Alexa device? Now you can hear 10 Things in Tech each morning. Just search for "Business Insider" in your Alexa's flash briefing settings.

You can also subscribe to this newsletter here — just tick "10 Things in Tech You Need to Know.

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: How autopilot on an airplane works


          

El fiscal general de California acusa a Facebook de no colaborar en una investigación

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El fiscal general de California (EEUU), el demócrata Xavier Becerra, acusó este miércoles públicamente a Facebook de no estar colaborando con la investigación del departamento que dirige sobre la gestión de la privacidad de los usuarios por parte de la compañía.

Becerra calificó las respuestas enviadas hasta la fecha por la empresa de "evidentemente inadecuadas" y anunció que ha pedido a la Justicia que obligue a Facebook a colaborar con las pesquisas dando respuesta de forma precisa a sus peticiones.

"Nuestro trabajo debe seguir adelante. Nos han dejado sin más opción que pedir una orden judicial para que Facebook dé cumplimiento de buena fe a nuestras peticiones de información", apuntó el fiscal general californiano en un comunicado.

La investigación se abrió en junio de 2018, solo unos meses después de que se destapase el escándalo de la consultora británica Cambridge Analytica, que utilizó una aplicación para recopilar millones de datos de internautas de la plataforma sin su consentimiento y con fines políticos.

La empresa se sirvió de datos de Facebook para elaborar perfiles psicológicos de votantes que supuestamente vendieron a la campaña del ahora presidente de EEUU Donald Trump durante las elecciones de 2016, entre otros.

La pesquisa de Becerra se centra en este escándalo, y gran parte de los documentos e información que ha pedido a Facebook (comunicaciones entre ejecutivos, cambios llevados a cabo en la configuración de privacidad, etc.) y de los que no ha recibido respuesta corresponden al caso de Cambridge Analytica.

En paralelo, este miércoles salieron a la luz 7.000 páginas de documentos que Facebook entregó a la Justicia por otras investigaciones y en los que se revela, entre otras cosas, que en el pasado la compañía utilizó los datos de los usuarios como arma de negociación con terceras partes, beneficiando a sus aliados y perjudicando a sus rivales.

Así, entre 2011 y 2015, la compañía que dirige Mark Zuckerberg habría facilitado el acceso a datos de los usuarios a aquellas aplicaciones y desarrolladores con los que mantenía una buena relación, y se lo habría negado a los que veía como competidores o rivales.

Algunos de los casos más evidentes fueron dar acceso especial a Amazon a los datos como compensación por la compra de espacios publicitarios en la red social, a la vez que se le retiró a la plataforma de mensajería online MessageMe al considerar que su ritmo de crecimiento le estaba convirtiendo en un rival para Facebook.

Los documentos, publicados por la cadena estadounidense NBC, también revelaron que los ejecutivos de la compañía planeaban presentar estas decisiones ante el público como esfuerzos encaminados a "proteger la privacidad de los usuarios".

Estas revelaciones podrían perjudicar a Facebook en los varios frentes que mantiene abiertos por presuntas prácticas monopolísticas, con sendas investigaciones abiertas por parte de la Comisión Federal del Comercio (FTC, por su sigla en inglés), los fiscales generales de 47 estados y territorios de EEUU y el Comité Judicial de la Cámara de Representantes.

La entrada El fiscal general de California acusa a Facebook de no colaborar en una investigación se publicó primero en Republica.com.


          

Top 10 Hard Nipples of Instagram of the Day

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These are straight from the instagram machine owned by Zuckerberg and all his shareholders, who knows, maybe you have shares in facebook thanks to your financial planner thinking it was a good buy, so you too may be a pornographer you distances himself from being a pornographer because the girls involved aren’t getting paid to […]

The post Top 10 Hard Nipples of Instagram of the Day appeared first on DrunkenStepFather.com.


          

Political ads on Facebook can be fixed. Is Mark Zuckerberg willing to try?

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Advertising on social media is a cheap and effective way for underfunded candidates seeking less prominent offices to reach prospective voters. No, it’s not good for democracy if we are overwhelmed with lies. But, with some controls in place, Facebook and Twitter can be crucial for political candidates who can’t afford television ads. To get …

Continue reading Political ads on Facebook can be fixed. Is Mark Zuckerberg willing to try?


          

Facebook, ex responsabile inserzioni politiche: 'Guadagna manipolando la gente'

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Yael Eisenstat, che in passato è stata responsabile della divisione di Facebook che controlla le inserzioni politiche, ha scritto sul Washington Post un articolo carico di accuse riguardo alle pratiche della società di Mark Zuckerberg relative alla politica
          

Facebook - Is A Social Networking Website With Huge Benefits

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Today I will be talking about Facebook and the huge benefits you can get when you use it the right way.

This is one thing I want to make clear, Facebook is a social networking website first. The reason why I say this is because it is a site where you can connect with people all over the world and keep in contact with your loved ones and friends.

I believe this is what Mark Zuckerberg intentions was in the beginning. As time passed and he saw how great it was going to be, he saw new things that came to his attention and saw the potential to make big money with it and he has accomplished that.

Facebook Friends (Status Updates) - Don't make post that are boring, they should be natural and fun because Facebook is fun community. Nice writing and engaging post will get instant action from people and they will interact with you. As a social networking website, Facebook wants to be the number one digital newspaper. It is a great idea to use images because they attract readers and they are better than videos, links or text updates.

Now speaking about text updates, do make your post short (80 characters or less will result in more engagement from people).  The shorter the better and make sure it makes sense. Make post that are commentary, persuasive and they get shared around a lot when you do it right. People are emotional, so it is a smart move to BE EMOTIONAL because it sells and attract readers. Your post is an invitation to discussion and interaction. Get comment by asking questions. People love to express their opinions so make your questions easy to answer. Posting quotes are very popular on the social media sites.

People love to see inspirational quotes by great people because they can relate to things they say. It is a good idea to have images with your quotes to attract attention to the quote you are sharing with your Facebook friends. Don't be tempted to ask people to like or share your  post because Facebook doesn't like this. You might find yourself getting penalized by their algorithm.

I see a lot of people using shortened URL's and don't realize they will get less engagement (as much as 3 times less). I recommend using full links when posting from an external website link. Be yourself and be for real.

http://syndicationexpress.ning.com/profiles/blogs/ebook-downloads-two-for-the-price-of-one


Facebook groups - Are very effective because it can benefit you in so many ways. One benefit is the viral exposure you will get when making a post. These days the majority of people are using it the wrong way, they mainly post about their business opportunity. There's nothing wrong with that and the majority of people who join groups use apps like Hootsuite to make their post. This means they don't have to visit the group and just want to post their business links in as many groups as possible.

Over time the results will not be favorable and very frustrating. Any success you may have will be temporary. Facebook groups are a great way to meet new people to interact with so you can get to know them better. You should follow the guidelines I listed above on making post in groups.

When a person in a group leaves a comment on a post you made, be sure to follow up with a comment back to them. If several comments have been posted between you both, this will be a great time to send a friend request. They will accept right away and send them a private message.

A word of caution, don't pitch on your new friend about your business. It's just not good business to do this and many people will pitch on you right back or unfriend you.

When people pull up chat on me and all I see is a long message with a link, I usually close the message with no response. I don't unfriend them unless they continue doing this on a regular basis. I just chalk it up as an inexperienced person who don't know what they are doing on Facebook. Perhaps they will see a blog post or one of my status updates that will trigger them to stop doing that because it doesn't works for you to do this.

As a group member you can go and look at the post that offer something beneficial and you can leave a comment which they will see in their notifications. If you want to see if someone has commented on one of your group post, simply check your notifications after logging in and you will see any comments and if they are online. You should respond back. Most people will respond back when they get the notification. Now you have started a conversation and this is the beginning of growing your Facebook friends.

Building your network of friends will give your status updates more exposure as the number of friends grow. This is better than doing what new people are doing and you won't get in trouble with Facebook by getting yourself blocked from sending too many friend request at one time. Facebook doesn't like when you add 20 or more people you don't know. They will warn you and if you continue doing this, they will block you from sending friend request. When you join a group, you can socialize with people that you have met in the group and by commenting on post in the group (this is interaction among members).

This is what I am doing in my groups that I created and they all have a large membership base. Think of groups as a list because every post you make in the group is being sent to every member's newsfeed and if you make an engaging post then it has the potential of going viral and getting a lot of shares and likes, which is a social signal for the search engines. Virality is very good and the benefits are so great on Facebook. Also this is another way people will learn about your group and ask to join. All you have to do is approve them to join your group. Be sure to welcome each new member because they will always respond back and you will have interaction going on with your new member.


Facebook Fan Pages - Your cover and photo profile is the first thing people see. Make the most of it and look outstanding. Make sure to keep it to 20% text on your cover and photo. Your about should be engaging and be very descriptive and include your link too.

Get your tabs set up, start with a contact form and be sure to customize the tab image.

Now that your fan page is up and ready to be seen, you need to get likes for your page so people can see your updates. I will share with you how you can double your Facebook likes in 5 minutes per day.

The list below takes about five minutes per day and will double your likes on your fan page.

1. Connect with other fan page owners with similar demographics to your and then cross-promote with them.
Example: Manicure/Pedicure shop owners can connect and cross promote with a beauty shop owner near them since they likely have the same customer base.

Invite your email subscribers via email, give a good description and incentive to like your page 

2. Share original content with photos that will attract attention and make sure it is appropriate for your audience. Post something newsworthy and relevant for your readers and they will share it with their friends.

3. Get busy and be active. You can start by liking other pages and watch for their post in the pages feed. Make a comment on other pages where your target audience are already having conversations. Your comments should add to the conversation and help you build relationships. Offer specials or discounts.

4. Link your fan page with your Twitter account. Your post will be automatically tweeted on Twitter. You can choose what gets posted. Keep your post to 140 characters to fit on Twitter because if it's not Facebook will shorten it for you.

5. Promote your Facebook fan page online, in emails and on your website. Also promoting offline is important too. You should promote your fan page everywhere (business cards, marketing material, newspaper ads, radio and TV).

Facebook Ads - can maximize your exposure and get your message seen by a massive customer base. Advertisement on Facebook is flexible meaning that you can customize your advertisements so they appear on specific groups or segment of people based on information contained within their profile or based on gender, location and personal preference. It is wise to create a highly targeted ad to get a high click through rate (CTR). If you CTR drops too low, it could be automatically paused or removed by Facebook, so you must pay attention to the CTR- 2% or higher is great.

Additionally you should pay attention to the times of day that your ads appear. You can decide to run your ads all day or have them appear at specific times (or even specific days). Keep in mind the time zones of your target market, so that your ads are running based on the most active time of day or night.

You definitely want to stay within Facebook guidelines. They are pretty flexible with the type of ads that are allowed to be displayed within their community. They don't allow images or text they consider to be  offensive.

The maximum daily bid that you are willing to pay. The higher your bid, the more exposure your ad will receive. Start off with a lower bid since you are new to Facebook advertising. You can increase your maximum daily bid to increase your exposure for more better results.

You can pay for impressions or based on number of clicks your ads receives. If this is your first advertisement, I recommend cost per click (CPC) so that you can accurately test your ads while paying for responses rather than just views. You can always change it to impression based later.

I decided to write this post to help people get all the benefits from using Facebook and build their network of friends so they can get to know them. As for internet/network marketers, YOU must build those relationships to be successful online.

I encourage you to leave your comments below and share with your friends on your favorite social networking website. Be sure to like my fan page located in the sidebar to the right.

Terri Pattio
MLM Coach
Mentor with a servant's heart

Follow me on Twitter @TerriPattio
          

Social Media’s Effect on Politics

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In a recent release, Twitter Chief executive Jack Dorsey announced that Twitter would be banning all political advertising from the site. This comes in the wake of Facebook’s CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, statements about Facebook’s regulation of ads’ verification and the decisions to not fact-check any political advertisements. These events beg the question, how has social...
          

Facebook frygtede Whatsapp forud for opkøb i 2014

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Ledende medarbejdere i Facebook beskrev måneder forinden opkøbet af Whatsapp-appen som en trussel mod Facebooks kerneforretning.

Det kan være muligt bevismateriale for amerikanske og europæiske lovgivere, der ønsker at gennemføre en række antitrust-undersøgelser af selskabet, skriver avisen Wall Street Journal.

I en række interne dokumenter fra Facebook - heriblandt samtaler over e-mail og præsentationer - der blev offentliggjort onsdag, fremgår det, at topchef Mark Zuckerberg og andre ledende medarbejdere gentagne gange beskrev chatapps som Whatsapp som en trussel mod Facebook og selskabets egen chatapp, Facebook Messenger.

- Disse selskaber prøver at bygge sociale netværker og erstatte os, skrev Mark Zuckerberg i en email-tråd til en række ledende ansatte i januar 2013. I emailen omtaler topchefen tre kinesiske og koreanske chatapps.

I samme tråd skrev Facebooks vækstchef, Javier Olivan, at selskaberne bag chatappsne var farlige, da de kunne "transformere sig til Facebook". Han henviste til en meddelelse fra Whatsapp, om at selskabet havde bearbejdet 18 mia. beskeder på én dag nytårsaften 2012.

Facebooks opkøb af Whatsapp i 2014 har været genstand for antitrust-lovgivere, der efterforsker, hvorvidt Facebook har opkøbt tech-startups for at afholde dem fra at udfordre selskabets imperium.

En talsperson fra Facebook har beskrevet dokumenterne som gamle og "taget ud af kontekst af en, der har en dagsorden mod Facebook" og tilføjede, at dokumenterne er offentliggjort uden hensyntagen til den amerikanske lovgivning.

/ritzau/FINANS

Vis på Emissioner.dk: 


          

“Clever Gründen” eyebizz opti Talk mit namhaften Gästen

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Eine gute Idee steht am Anfang jedes Start-ups: Ein Geist, der aus der Flasche will. Doch eine gute Idee allein reicht nicht aus, um der nächste augenoptische Steve Jobs oder Mark Zuckerberg zu werden. Überall sind Hürden. Was braucht es, außer ...
          

Több színben pompázó Facebook logó érkezett

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Zuckerbergék ismét húztak egyet, hogy ne az aktuális botrányaik kapcsán cikkezzenek róluk, épp ezért most lecserélték a Facebook logóját. Persze a hivatalos indok szerint az új logó nem az elterelés része, hanem az új rebranding következő fázisa. Ezzel próbálják egyértelművé tenni, hogy a Facebook ma már nem csupán egy közösségi oldal, hanem a mögötte lévő […]
          

Gdzie nie ma Facebooka?

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silesian FB_thJak wskazuje najnowszy raport Digital 2019, w Polsce 85 proc. internautów korzysta regularnie z serwisu społecznościowego Facebook. Portal stworzony przez Marka Zuckerberga nie tylko w Polsce święci triumfy w branży social media.
          

In The News: Following Mark Zuckerberg’s Hearing, FACEBOOK’s Libra Project Hangs in the Balance (The American Prospect)

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By most accounts, FACEBOOK CEO Mark Zuckerberg fared poorly at a recent hearing in the House Financial Services Committee. This is perhaps especially true with respect to questions about FACEBOOK’s Libra project—the technotrust’s ambitious attempt to mint “real money” for worldwide use.
          

California reveals Facebook probe, says social media company stonewalling investigation

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California revealed for the first time an 18-month investigation into Facebook Inc's privacy practices and accused the social media giant on Wednesday of hampering the probe by failing to turn over emails from Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg.

          

Re: Mark Zuckerberg contact info

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This first amendment hating SOB needs some feedback. I just got barred for 7 days for saying (...)


          

Static Typing in Ruby with a Side of Sorbet

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As an experiment to see how static typing could help improve our team’s Ruby experience, we introduced Sorbet into a greenfield codebase with a team of 4 developers. Our theory was that adding static type checking through Sorbet could help us catch bugs before they go into production, make refactoring easier, and improve the design of our code. The short answer is that yes, it did all of that! Read on to learn a little more about what it was like to build in a type safe Ruby.

The Sorbet project's logo

Static typing vs dynamic typing

Ruby is a dynamic language, which means that types are checked when the code is run. If you try to call a method on an object that does not exist, the compiler will not complain, you'll only find out about that error when the code is executed and you get a NoMethodError.

Static languages avoid this problem. In a static language, such as Java, the compiler is told or can interpret the type of each variable, and return values from a method or function. This means, among other things, that if you try to call a method that does not exist on an object you will get an error at compile time.

# Ruby code
user = "Jessica"
user.send_email  # Fails with NoMethodError when the code is executed
// Java code
String user = "Jessica";
user.sendEmail();  // Fails at compile time

Statically typed languages usually have more overhead in that you need to declare the types of your objects. The added advantage is that they can possibly prevent errors in your code before they're exposed to a user.

Which is where Sorbet comes in. Originally developed by the Stripe team, it lets you use Ruby like you normally would, but also gain the advantages of static type checking. Sorbet accomplishes this in two ways, the first is by using static linting of the files. While that can help you enforce types to a certain extent, the more effective way of type checking is to have the linting happen at runtime. Sorbet will inject itself into each method call and verify that the parameters and return value match what is defined in your signature. This checking adds practically no additional processing time, so there’s no performance issues to worry about.

In the Ruby example above, instead of getting a NoMethodError, with Sorbet, you’d get Method send_email does not exist on T.class_of(String). That’s a much more useful error message for a developer.

Working with Sorbet

Setup

Sorbet is designed to be added to existing codebases so the development team has spent a lot of time perfecting that experience. The process of getting the project set up on basic type checking was very easy, you only need to run sorbet init to commit the initial configuration files. After setting up the configuration files, you can use sorbet tc to run type checking. Setting up our CI server only required adding an additional call to sorbet tc.

RBI files

For code that is not part of your application, Sorbet provides the option to use RBI files, which are similar to header files in other languages. They are files that allow you to add the method signatures of code that you do not control. This feature is useful to make sure that when you’re using code from a gem, you can still get the benefits of static typing.

Instead of making you do the work of defining a new RBI file for each gem you use, Sorbet also has a GitHub repo where users can add RBI files for gems and version them, this is similar to the TypeScript DefinitleyTyped repo. They provide a command line tool that will scan your gems and pull down any RBI files that are available. These files are then committed to your repo. Gem authors can also provide an RBI file in the gem source, as Sorbet supports that directly, but most authors have not added signatures.

Rails & Sorbet

The meta-programming features of Ruby often come in direct conflict with the static typing of Sorbet. One of these issues is Rails and ActiveRecord. When using an ActiveRecord model, you will have methods defined on the class, based on columns in the database. If you would like to be able to use static typing when interacting with these models, you must create RBI files for your models and add the signatures for the methods as you use them.


# typed: strong

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  extend T::Sig
  extend T::Generic

  sig { params(id: String).returns(T.nilable(User)) }
  def self.find_by_id(id); end
end

sorbet/rbi/app/models/user.rbi, a Ruby Interface, or RBI, file

There is a gem, sorbet-rails, that will attempt to analyze your Rails app and generate the RBI files automatically. As with Sorbet, the project is still young. It was helpful in jump starting some of our typing, but it still misses or mistypes certain fields.

Editors

Sadly, very little editor integration is supported at the moment. The Sorbet team is still keeping their plugins closed source until they’re ready for release. For editors that support a way to easily add custom checks, such as Ale in Vim, the CLI works great and is fast enough to give quick feedback. I’m sure that the development experience will improve significantly once the editor integration is available.

The wins

We had a strong belief that Sorbet could improve our development experience by lowering our errors and showing us possible problems earlier in our local development. We were very pleased to find that as soon as we added Sorbet and types to our project, Sorbet immediately pointed out a problem in our code! As we continued to add types, Sorbet exposed more issues. I've noted a few of the more interesting problems Sorbet helped us to resolve.

Calling a method twice instead of storing the result

Sorbet complained that we were not properly checking the return type of a method that we called. We did not check that because the same method was called previously in the method and the assumption would be that the underlying value would not change. While that is probably true in almost every case, given our knowledge of that class, we can avoid the problem by assigning the variable out. In this case, Sorbet made our code more reliable.

Exposing columns that allowed null values

We decided that we would try our best to not allow nils into our type signatures unless it was unavoidable. This meant that we would rewrite our code where necessary to accommodate this decision. Early into this process, Sorbet made it apparent that we had some columns in our database that we had allowed to be null when that was not what we wanted. This prompted a migration on our database to prevent future problems.

Enforcing a null return

Using Sorbet to define the params and return type can sometimes provide a small benefit by removing tests. In particular there were some tests in our app that were ensuring that the methods returned nil or true, as a dummy value so that callers would not rely on the value. Using type checking allows us to remove those explicit returns. In the case of a method that we do not want to use the return value, Sorbet, provides a void return type that will return a dummy value. Sorbet can also remove guard clauses such as raise Error if arg.nil? by using params checking. This can lower the complexity of the code and the number of tests that are written.

Conclusion

Time will tell if Sorbet is a good long term addition, but in the short term, our experience has been very positive. Getting the initial project up and running was very quick and most of the bugs we hit were related to the young age of the Sorbet project. The project maintainers have built a system that stays out of the way until you want it to help and when it does, it provides a solid experience.

Check out the in-browser Sorbet Playground to try Sorbet out without having to download and set up the gem in your codebase.


          

Cara Membuka Blokiran WhatsApp

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WhatsApp adalah salah satu aplikasi berbasis platform chatting yang cukup populer dan memiliki banyak pengguna, aplikasi yang sahamnya telah dibeli oleh Marc Zuckerberg pendiri Facebook ini kini bahkan telah melakukan banyak sekali pembaharuan untuk memdukung penggunanya. WhatsApp bahkan telah merilis berbagai macam fitur menarik salah satunya seperti ‘Status’ seperti yang terdapat pada Instagram dan Facebook. […]
          

Deepfakes Could Mean Better Movies but a Worse Society

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Of all the mind-bending occurrences 2019 has brought us thus far, in hindsight it may well go down as the Year of the Deepfake—when the nascent technology collided with the mainstream. Over the past ten months alone, viral deepfakes of Nancy Pelosi, Mark Zuckerberg, Jordan Peterson, and Bill Hader have been viewed by hundreds of millions—if not billions. Yet the public is only beginning to grapple with what happens when seeing is no longer believing. Things were so much more simple (albeit still gross) in 2017 when “deepfakes” was just the pseudonym of a Redditor who figured …
          

Headlines for November 6, 2019

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Democrats Take Virginia Legislature & Beat Trump-Backed Governor in Kentucky, NYC Approves Ranked-Choice Voting; Tucson Voters Reject Sanctuary City Measure, JPMorgan CEO Accuses Warren of "Vilifying" Richest Americans, Sondland Now Says There Was Quid Pro Quo on Ukraine, Scientists: Humanity Risks "Untold Suffering" from Climate Change, Brazilians Protest the Largest Oil Auction in Brazilian History, Activists Arrested After Blockading Port of Vancouver in Pipeline Protest, 9 Members of Mormon Family Murdered in Mexico, Pro-Beijing Lawmaker Stabbed in Hong Kong, Israeli Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Expelling Human Rights Watch Official, Zuckerberg Meets with Civil Rights Leaders Amid Facebook Controversies
          

Community networks and feminist infrastructure: reclaiming local knowledge and technologies beyond connectivity solutions

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debora_banner.jpg

Image description: Illustration depicting mesh network

Image description: Illustration depicting mesh network. Source: excerpt from Our Routes: Women's node - an illustrated journey of women in community networks: by Bruna Zanolli

At least two recent scandals have brought the debate over surveillance and concentration of power over the internet to the front pages of newspapers in many countries. In the 2000s, Edward Snowden make revelations regarding the practices of the National Security Agency (NSA) in the United States that highlighted the cooperation between the state surveillance apparatus and large internet companies. More recently, in March 2018, news articles from the New York Times, The Guardian among others, revealed a scheme of misuse of data from millions of users to influence political choices. Cambridge Analytica, which has been involved in controversial campaigns such as the election of Donald Trump in the US, has been investigated in a case that led Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg to the US Parliament for explanations.

In Brazil, the series of attacks that marked the 2018 election race led to people and groups who were at higher risk, such as communicators, human rights defenders, women, LGBTQI+ and black people searching for information about digital security. The election of the far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro as the country’s president also raised questions about data being used for predicting and influencing people's behaviour and political choices[1].

To a certain extent, media scandals help to amplify debates such as - the increasing digitisation of human and non-human activity into gigantic databases; the control of data by a few powerful companies; the lack of transparency in the monetary exchanges involving the data collected; the ability to influence behaviours which in turn leads to new forms of concentration of power, profit and accumulation; big tech companies cooperation with government apparatus and their role in political disputes that seems to be, to some extent, associated with the emergence of authoritarian leadership in several countries. This big picture also brings new perspectives to the tensions around the idea of centralisation and decentralisation that marks internet history.

Other aspects of this phenomenon and how they connect to these debates, however, are usually less visible in scandals, which include the control over infrastructures that are opaque for millions of internet users and the different impacts they will have on contexts, social groups and bodies. Technologies and the role they play are often not in the spotlight, as they are perceived as apolitical or neutral. There is apparently no politics in technologies, but only in the acts of politicians like Trump and Bolsonaro or CEOs from big companies such as Cambridge Analytica and Facebook.

Technologies and the role they play are often not in the spotlight, as they are perceived as apolitical or neutral.

We already know, however, that technologies are not neutral. Different literature has already problematised the distinction between science, technology, and politics in society, rejecting conceptions such as technology as the application of science and schemes that separated human (political) action from scientific discoveries, artifacts, and techniques[2]. Among them are many feminist authors and perspectives that discussed the non-neutrality of technologies at many levels, including that their impacts will not affect people and social groups in the same way[3]. Other works also studied the political decisions embedded in technological infrastructures and how these are present but invisible in daily life[4].

Thus, the expectation of autonomy, decentralisation and horizontality that marked the beginning of the debate on the internet from a communication perspective has been confronted by increasing processes of power concentration aiming to primarily promote new forms of monetisation for private accumulation by large companies and surveillance by companies and states. This expectation was also confronted by the denunciation of the inequalities – especially of gender, race and class – that feminist legacies help to foreground the discriminatory patterns and pointing out that the processes of control and concentration will not impact all people in the same way. However, the literature that critically analyses these processes does not seek to construct a narrative of technological determinism or relativism, but rather to understand the emergence of new forms of power and to point out that new analysis and political action for resistance will be necessary.

In this context, based on paradigms of openness of design and collective management to promote shared connection to the internet or to constitute a local digital network, autonomous and community networks have been seen as an alternative of resistance, of social interaction with infrastructures in the territories and of the search for communication and technological autonomy.

Considering that the installation and maintenance of a community network (CN) in the territory allows the design and management of infrastructures to be done locally and in a shared way between members of the community, this field can be understood as an alternative for experimentation to reclaim technologies for multiple realities and needs. Thus, the debate on autonomous and community networks gains new perspectives as it goes beyond the field of connectivity solutions for places and populations without internet access, and becomes more linked to several political agendas, including those with a critical perspective on the internet.

Thus, the debate on autonomous and community networks gains new perspectives as it goes beyond the field of connectivity solutions for places and populations without internet access, and becomes more linked to several political agendas, including those with a critical perspective on the internet.

All of this, however, is not something given by design, but a possibility that can be explored and that will be crossed by many contradictions. Neither should this potential lead us to adopt a perspective of technologies as a ‘magical solution’ for complex and structural inequalities or even an expectation that community network processes will happen in a homogeneous or "pure" way -- recognizing that they will vary greatly and that different relationships will be established.

The destabilization of our universality statement

In order to do my master's research[5] recently, I have been in different events that gather free technology groups to discuss CN and autonomous infrastructures. In one of these events, a woman was talking about feminist infrastructure experiences in Mexico. An Argentinian man raised his hand and said, "This all sounds very interesting as an exercise you're doing there, but I'm more interested in how we are going to bring down Google and Facebook?"

A god complex and a notion that cyberactivism can be the new privileged social theory to deal with all inequities at once – both things crossed my mind at the time. The question, which may be important when it represents a reflection on ways of organising economic and social life, becomes disruptive in this context as it is mobilised to end the debate and shrink the importance of local knowledge. The confrontation of multiple, localised experiences with the imperative of overthrowing the system as a whole can become a comfortable shortcut to not listening and not rethinking our own practices[6].

In the course of the research, this question would often appear in different ways, which would make me reflect: many people find it important to have more women, black, transgender people, and more class diversity in spaces and networks, but many of us do not deepen the reflection on why this really is important. Nor does this destabilise our own expectation of neutrality – the gender debate is still little constructed from the perspective of masculinity, just as the discussion of the need to fight racism is almost nonexistent from the perspective of whiteness. We are often more concerned with challenging the gender bias of local communities than questioning what in our own practices corroborates the naturalisation of inequalities. It is easy to conclude that technologies are colonised and colonising. But it's hard to accept that we, to some extent, are too.

It is easy to conclude that technologies are colonised and colonising. But it's hard to accept that we, to some extent, are too.

Different feminists authors have pointed out the need to question universalisation, which historically operated with the concealment and naturalisation of inequalities, even contributing to the perpetuation of western colonialist practices in the fields of science and technology[7].

So, it is important to keep in mind that the operation of a community network implies relationships between a multiplicity of individuals and social groups with different lived realities and needs, and who are not equally affected by socio-technical systems. In a recent article for GISWatch[8], I and other authors already discussed some universalization in perspective in the CN field. So, in this article, I would like to discuss the creativity that emerges from the CN encounter with feminist infrastructure.

In my master's research, I argued that the encounter with feminist infrastructures brings important destabilisations to reshape relationships from the local perspective and considering distinct needs, interests and bodies when building CNs. My assumption was that self-organisation and autonomy are already practiced in different ways by many social movements in Latin America – and not exclusively by the feminists in focus in my research – and can be activated to bring new contours to technopolitical debates and practices in this field.

In the course of questioning androcentric, capitalist and colonialist legacies, there is a search in feminist infrastructures experiences for other forms of action and experimentation, in which differentiations arise. I organized some choices that seem important in feminist infrastructures practices as there is an active effort to reclaim women narratives around four axes:

  1. the incorporation of multiple conditions when designing technologies and networks, far beyond a quantitative claim for more women in initiatives; 
  2. the collective perspectives of safety and care;
  3. language hacking and the activation of local narratives and memories; and
  4. the aim to build collective autonomy and an effort towards the decolonisation of our imaginary when designing technologies and networks.

We will not be able to discuss each of these aspects in-depth here, but I would like to point out that they allow us to think of infrastructures as materiality that shapes the reproduction of life and action that will be shared by different bodies. So, feminist infrastructures include servers, networks, cables, antennas, software, hardware, and the use of electromagnetic spectrum, protocols, and algorithms. But they also include spaces, temporalities, priorities, relationships between humans and machines, and agreements that can be (but not always) established, verbalised, made visible and renegotiated if necessary. From feminist perspectives, all this must be traversed by a collective care effort and crossed by alliances that recognize differences and brings a commitment to act when they are triggered to reify structural inequalities.

Feminist infrastructures, thus, are not only electronic materiality made by women and non-binary people, but they also carry out a commitment to rethink from other perspectives -- priorities, space and time organisation, agreements, relationships between people and groups, and even between humans and machines. Feminist infrastructures help us to remember that technologies are not, in fact, neutral, but they are also not limited to the uses and interests of those in power – there will always be escapes and hacks. They allow us to think about women's ability to insist on existing and to refuse invisibility beyond resistance to hegemonic processes. This could be a path to open our experiences with CN to what is not foreseen, has not been programmed and calculated or even for what already exists in diverse groups in terms of local knowledge, technical invention and other kinds of networks and ways of living.

 

Footnotes: 

[1] A meeting between one of Bolsonaro’s son and Steve Bannon, the former chief strategist of the polarized and nationalist narrative that elected Donald Trump, increased speculation about the use of a similar tactic in Brazil and raised a discussion about the ethical and legal limits of WhatsApp use in the race and the impact of misinformation on the process.

[2] See FEENBERG, 2010; HARAWAY, 1995; SANTOS, 2003; WINNER, 1986

 

[3] See HARDING, 1998; MAFFÍA, 2005; NATANSOHN, 2013; SARDENBERG, 2002

 

[4] See BOWKER, STAR, 1999; VICENTIN, 2017

[5] Based on references and feminist research methodologies, my master research (named Feminist infrastructures and political action of women in autonomous and community networks) aim to reflect on the formulations and proposals that emerge from the technopolitical articulations of feminist collectives and activists around the debate about network infrastructures that enable the traffic of digital data. Also, on the resistances to hegemonic processes and the alternatives that emerge from these articulations - in particular, the proposal of constitution of autonomous and community networks with feminist infrastructures. The results were systematized in reflections that emerged from the questions that crossed the research route: what are feminist infrastructures?; what are their impacts on the debate on autonomous and community networks?; what changes when a network is thought through the perspective of breaking the colonial, androcentric, and capitalist legacy?; how do feminist infrastructures and autonomous and community networks dialogue with the questioning of power disputes on the internet? More than producing fixed answers to these questions, the intention was to look at destabilizations that has been happening and that may help to update forms of resistance, promote alliances and rethink our technologies and connections considering diverse contexts and with a commitment to social justice. The work was based on two joint research procedures: literature review and a field research conducted in five events in Brazil and Chile, some exclusively for women and trans people and others not, in which I sought to map public debates and presentations around community and autonomous networks and/or feminist infrastructures. The research was realized at Unicamp University and received funding from the Coordination of Superior Level Staff Improvement (Capes) for 18 months.

 

[6] See STENGERS AND PIGNARRE, 2011; HARAWAY, 1995

 

[7] See HARAWAY, 1995; RIBEIRO , 2017

 

[8] See https://www.giswatch.org/en/infrastructure/feminist-infrastructures-and-community-networks

 

References

 

Bidwell, Nicola J.; Jensen, Michael. Bottom-up connectivity strategies: Community-led small-scale telecommunication infrastructure networks in the global South. APC, 2019. Disponível em: https://www.apc.org/sites/default/files/bottom-up-connectivity-strategie...

 

Bowker, G., Star, S. Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999.

 

Bravo, Loreto. Una semilla brota cuando se siembra en tierra fértil (p.113-127). In: Soberanía tecnológica Vol. 2, 2018. Disponível em: https://wp.sindominio.net/blog/soberania-tecnologica-volumen-2/

 

Castells, Manuel. A galáxia Internet: reflexões sobre Internet, negócios e Sociedade. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar, 2003.

 

Feenberg, A. (2010). Teoria Crítica da Tecnologia: Um panorama. A Teoria Crítica de Andrew Feenberg: racionalização democrática, poder e tecnologia. Brasília: UNB.

 

Haraway, Donna. A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century in Antropologia do ciborgue : as vertigens do pós-humano / organização e tradução: Tomaz Tadeu. Belo Horizonte : Autêntica Editora, 2009.

 

Galloway, A. Protocol. How Control Exists after Decentralization. The Mit Press: 2001. Disponível em: http://art.yale.edu/file_columns/0000/8696/galloway-ch4.pdf

 

Haraway, Donna. Saberes localizados: a questão da ciência para o feminismo e o privilégio da perspectiva parcial in Cadernos Pagu. São Paulo, 1995. Disponível em http://www.clam.org.br/bibliotecadigital/uploads/publicacoes/1065_926_hA...

 

Haraway, Donna. “Gênero” para um dicionário marxista: a política sexual de uma palavra. Cadernos Pagu (22) 2004: pp.201-246. São Paulo, 2004.

 

Harding, S. (1998). ¿Existe un método feminista? In E. Bartra (Ed.). Debates en torno a una metodología feminista. México: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Unidad Xochimilco. Recuperado em 30 de outubro de 2017. Disponível em: https://simposioestudosfeministasct.wordpress.com/curso- epistemologia-feminista-ct.

 

Harding, S. The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies, R  outledge, 2003.

 

Maffia, D. (2005). Epistemología Feminista: por una inclusión de lo femenino en la ciencia. In N. B. Graf & J. Flores (Eds.), Ciencia, tecnología y género en Iberoamérica (pp. 623–633). México DF: Universidad Autónoma de México – Plaza y Valdés.

 

Natansohn, Graciela (org.) Internet em código feminino: teorias e práticas. Buenos Aires: La Crujía, 2013.

 

Natansohn, G., Brunet, K. S., & Paz, M. D. (2011, junho). Mulheres na Cultura Digital: perspectivas e desafios. Anais do Congresso de Ciências da Comunicação na Região Nordeste, XIII, Maceió, AL, Brasil. Recuperado em 30 de outubro de 2017. Disponível em: http://intercom.org.br/papers/regionais/nordeste2011/resumos/R28-1011-1.pdf.

 

Oliveira, Débora Prado. (2017). Community networks and invisibility regimes of infrastructures and bodies. Santiago: 5o LAVITS International Symposium Vigilancia, Democracia y Privacidad en América Latina: Vulnerabilidades y resistencias, Santiago, Chile, 29, 30 november and 01 december. lavits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/40-Débora-Prado-de-Oliveira.pdf

 

Pignarre, P., Stengers, I. Capitalist sorcery: breaking the spell (trad. A. Goffey. Basingstoke). UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

 

Ribeiro, Djamila (2017). O que é Lugar e Fala? Letramento, 2017.

 

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Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg used users' data as a bargaining chip to consolidate company's power, leaked documents reportedly reveal

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A trove of leaked Facebook documents paint a negative portrait of CEO Mark Zuckerberg -- reportedly detailing his efforts to consolidate his company's power and beat its competitors by using users' data as a bargaining chip.
          

Il est temps de « démanteler Facebook », dit Bernie Sanders après la fuite de documents qui montrent que le réseau social exploite les données de ses utilisateurs pour lutter contre ses rivaux

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Il est temps de « démanteler Facebook », dit Bernie Sanders après la fuite de documents qui montrent que le réseau social exploite les données de ses utilisateurs
pour lutter contre ses rivaux

Même si Mark Zuckerberg a parlé cette année de transformer son réseau social en un réseau social axé sur la confidentialité des données des utilisateurs, l'on pourrait dire que l'entreprise est encore loin d'y arriver. Les scandales de violation de données ne cessent pas de se succéder pour l'entreprise. Depuis...
          

Nakenbildene du ikke vil se …

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Verden fortalt i bilder er det vi søker mest på fortiden, Bilder generelt, men nakenbilder spesielt. Instagram, eid av Facebook, går sosiale medier en høy gang, allerede betydelige større enn mikroblogg-nettstedet, Twitter og er på god vei til å ta igjen Facebook som også eies av hovedaksjonæren, Mark Zuckerberg. Nakenbildene du ikke vil se … […]

The post Nakenbildene du ikke vil se … appeared first on vargas12.com.


          

Why Facebook Is Soliciting Lies

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Eric Alterman

From Mark Zuckerberg’s standpoint, it’s both profitable and good politics to invite the Trumpian right to be deceitful.

The post Why Facebook Is Soliciting Lies appeared first on The Nation.


          

So-me-henki

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So-me-henki Gunnar Högnäs La, 2.11.2019 – 14:40

Olen tainnut keskustella aiheesta aikaisemmin https://www.kirjastot.fi/forum/kirjasto-kaapeli/deletefacebook?language_content_entity=fi - Ja mikäpä ettei, täällä on rauhallista - ja turvallista myös, koska tänne ei juuri kukaan eksy. Tämä tila on vähän kuin pommisuoja ydinsodan jälkeen tai korkean paikan leiri ilmastonmuutoksen vanavedessä.

Miksi jaksan edelleen höpistä ja välittää koko asiasta. Se on hyvä kysymys. Varmaan koska asia tai tilanne on ristiriitainen; koska töissä tehtäväni ovat senluontoisia, että edellyttävät some-kanavien käyttöä (itse en ole niissä, joten joudun pyytämään muiden apua, ja samalla pesen käteni, eikä sekään tunnu hyvältä).

Sanotaan, että kirjastojen & kirjastolaisten pitää olla kaikkialla missä asiakkaat, käyttäjät, kansalaiset ovat. Jos ja kun he ovat somelandiassa, niin myös sitten "me". 

Uusi kirjastolaki (1.1.2017) kirjaa jo kakkospykäläkänä että:

"tavoitteena on edistää:
1) väestön yhdenvertaisia mahdollisuuksia sivistykseen ja kulttuuriin;
2) tiedon saatavuutta ja käyttöä;
3) lukemiskulttuuria ja monipuolista lukutaitoa;
4) mahdollisuuksia elinikäiseen oppimiseen ja osaamisen kehittämiseen;
5) aktiivista kansalaisuutta, demokratiaa ja sananvapautta."

Varsinkin kohdat 1), 2) ja 5) rimmaavat hyvin somen käytön kanssa, eikö vain -.

Toisaalta, edistääkö somen käyttöä - pelkästään & yksinomaan - demokratiaa, edistävätkö itse välineet, somekanavat, demokratiaa. Kun niitä hyötykäyttää, annnetaanko samalla äänensä ainoastaan demokraattisille virtauksille ja pyrkimyksille.

Omasta mielestäni kirjastot ja suuri osa muista viranomaisista, kuntien ja valtion toimijoista, käyttävät somealustoja ilman sen kummempaa tunnontuskaa tai epäilyksen sanaa - tai siis: siltä näyttää. (Kenties se on vain esimerkkinä siitä ylistetystä nautraaliudesta, objektiivisuudesta.)

Somekanavat ovat kilpailutukusen (kilpailutuspakon ulottumattomissa) tuolla puollen, ne ovat ilmaisia, joten niiltä ei voida paljon "paskaakaan" vaatia. En usko, että kovin moni hyväksyisi Facebookin lepsuuden tai välinpitämättömyyden, mikäli FB olisi maksullinen alusta. 

Facebook ei ole maa, maanosa tai "oikea" yhteisö tai mafiaperheen bisneskompleksi - jos olisi, monet varmaan reagoisi kovastikin siihen, mitä kaikkea sallitaan tapahtuvan - tai mitä kaikkea joka tapauksessa tapahtuu - sen  piireissä. Facebook on juuri oma itsensä - siltä ei odoteta/vaadita mitään ihmeellistä, vain sitä olennaista, että se on ilmainen ja täynnä populaa, muilla seikoilla ei ole suurta merkitystä. (Kuten sanotaan, ei ase tapa, ihminen sen tekee, ja hieman samoilla fiiliksillä suhtaudutaan Facebookiin; annetaan kaikkien kukkien kukkia ja aseiden loistaa...)

Lukemattomia juttuja some-jättien pimeistä puolista tai niiden hyötykäytöstä epäilyttäviin, epädemokraattisiin, rikollisiin pyrkimyksiin ja toimintoihin ilmenee jatkuvasti. Yksi tuore esimerkki on Facebookin omistuksessa olevan Instagramin käyttö modernissa orjakaupassa: "Slave markets found on Instagram and other apps" (BBC 31.10.2019).

Juuri mainitussa jutussa tapahtunee muutoksia. Mutta näin pyhäinpäivän keskellä mumisen itsekseni tässä suojapaikassa: kun viritämme some-kanavia pienillä ahkerilla sormillamme, minkä puolesta äänestämme, myös, ainakin siinä sivussa, "kaupan päälle"?

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Gunnar Högnäs kiinnittää huomiota asiaan, jonka ongelmallisuus on vuosien mittaan vain kasvanut. Marmatin vuosia sitten kirjastojen heittäytymisestä kritiikittä kaupallisen Facebookin varaan, mutta valitettavasti tänä päivänä joutuu toteamaan suoraan, että myös kirjastot toimivat selkeästi rikollisesti toimivan kaupallisen yrittäjän alustalla.

Kaksi uutista aivan parin päivän sisällä. Twitter ilmoitti kieltävänsä poliittisen mainonnan, vaikka tulee menettämään sen takia satoja miljoonia dollareita. Twitterin mukaan poliittinen viestimisoikeus on ansaittava, ei ostettava. Facebook - tarkemmin sanoen firman omistaja Mark Zuckerberg - puolestaan ilmoitti, että FB ei pelkästään salli poliittista mainontaa, vaan se jättää myös puuttumatta mainosten väittämiin eli sallii valehtelun. Toisin sanoen Zuckerbergille kelpaa miten likainen raha tahansa.

Ei, kirjastot eivät voi vaikuttaa Zuckerbergn linjauksiin luopumalla Facebookin käytöstä. Mutta mihin ne vaikuttavat sillä, että eivät mitenkään reagoi Facebookin rikolliseen toimintaan? Minun mielestäni kirjastoista tulee passiivisia ja haluttomia kanssarikollisia. Ehkä kirjastoväkeä ei hetkauta, miten FB junailee Yhdysvaltain presidentinvaaleja. Mielestäni sen kuitenkin olisi syytä hetkauttaa. Vähintä mitä pitäisi tehdä, olisi ottaa esimerkiksi Kirjastoseuran tasolla kantaa ja todeta, etteivät kirjastot hyväksy FB:n kaikkia linjauksia, vaikka alustaa käyttävätkin. Olisiko tämä tosiaan liikaa pyydetty?

Heikki Poroila

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Pysyvä linkki

Olen samoilla linjoilla, vaikka olenkin nelikymppinen, en ole somekanavissa. Seuraan toki niitä työn puolesta, ja ajoittain pakon edestä privaatissakin, mutta minään vakavasti otettavina tiedonjakajina en niitä edelleenkään osaa pitää. Pöyristyn onnistuneesti joka kerta jos huomaan jonkin firman kontaktoivan ainoastaan sitä kautta! :P

Jotenkin hämmentävää on huomata että todella iäkkäät, arvostetut instituutiotkin ovat "siellä", kuten nyt vaikkapa Bodleian libraries...

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Pysyvä linkki

Onneksi en ole itse keksinyt alustaa, johon miljardi ihmistä haluaa vapaaehtoisesti liittyä, jossa he voivat pitää yhteyttä toisiinsa etäisyyksienkin päästä, ja merkitä kiinnostuksen kohteita ja saada näiltä vapaaehtoisesti tilapäivityksiä. Miljardi ihmistä kiittää, muutama on ikuinen pessimisti.

On nimittäin sanomattakin selvää, että mikään, mikään noin suosittu palvelu ei voi automaattisesti parsia miljardien viestien joukosta laittomuuksia. Pitäisi palkata kymmeniä tuhansia työntekijöitä, jotka kaikki näkisivät kaikkien käyttäjien tilapäivitykset ja chatit. Tietoturvallista? Ei.

Sitä varten palvelussa on ilmiantotoimintoja, joilla tällaiset ilmiannetaan palvelun ylläpidolle. Yksi ilmianto ei tietenkään tee kesää eikä sen tulekaan tehdä, koska jälleen pitäisi palkata kymmeniä tuhansia työntekijöitä tarkistamaan niitä satoja tuhansia huvikseen asiattomiksi tägättyjä sisältöjä, joita ihmiset huvikseen siellä ilmiantaisivat. Sadat ilmiannot alkavat varmaan kuitenkin jo nousta algoritmille esiin asioina jotka tulisi tarkistaa.

Yksikään sosiaalinen palvelu ei voi olla vastuussa esim. alustalla käytävästä orjakaupasta, jos 99,999999% palvelun käyttäjistä ei tee rikosta palvelun avulla. Rikoksen tekee silloin vain ja ainoastaan se häviävän pieni vähemmistö. Emme me rankaise kynävalmistajaa, jos joku tökkää toista kynällä silmään. Emme me täten myöskään rankaise instagramia siitä että joku myy siellä orjia. Kyseessä ei ole orjanmyyntipalvelu, vaan pieni vähemmistö käyttää palvelua hyväkseen laittomiin tarkoituksiin. Silloin näitä tiettyjä käyttäjiä pitää toki rangaista, mielellään tietysti niin että paikallinen tai kansainvälinen poliisiviranomainen pääsee tekijöiden jäljille.

Käytännössä MIKÄ TAHANSA PALVELU voisi olla yhtä syynissä kuin aloittajan mainitsema Facebook tai instagram. Esimerkiksi whatsapp salaa lähtökohtaisesti viestit, ja sitä käytetään aivan varmasti mm. terroristisen keskustelun areenana. Jopa World of Warcraftin ja pleikka-alustan chattia on käytetty terrorististen tekojen suunnittelualustana:

https://www.forbes.com/sites/insertcoin/2015/11/14/why-the-paris-isis-terrorists-used-ps4-to-plan-attacks/#ee7837055492

https://www.propublica.org/article/world-of-spycraft-intelligence-agencies-spied-in-online-games

KYSYMYS: Koska posti välittää avaamattomia kirjekuoria (koska Postihan ei saa avata ja tarkistaa käydäänkö niissä rikollista keskustelua), olisiko Posti vastuussa jos joku myy orjia kirjepostina?

BBC:n mainitsema haastateltu taho antaa suoran sitaatin "If Google, Apple, Facebook or any other companies are hosting apps like these, they have to be held accountable", on täten hyvin heikoilla jäillä.

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Toisin kuin nimimerkki "Some defender" näyttää kuvittelevan, kysymys ei ole niistä rikoksista, joita Facebookin käyttäjät mahdollisesti tekevät palvelun avulla. Kysymys on siitä, että Facebook yrityksenä harkiten ja tietoisesti sallii poliitikkojen valehtelevan rahaa vastaan. Luulisi tällaisen olevan jonkinasteinen kauhistus kirjastolaitoksen kaltaiselle organisaatiolle.

Erityisesti vertailu postinkuljetukseen on epäonnistunut. Kyllä siihen reagoitaisiin, jos Postin johto (millä tahansa kuukausipalkalla) mainostaisi postin kirjepalveluna erinomaisena keinona tilata laittomia lääkkeitä. Sitähän Facebook eli Mark Zuckerberg ilmoitti käytännössä tekevänsä.

Heikki Poroila

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Pysyvä linkki

"Erityisesti vertailu postinkuljetukseen on epäonnistunut."

Pahoittelen, mutta nyt sekoitetaan puurot ja vellit. Postinkuljetus on täysi analogia instagramiin, josta siis alkup. postittajan linkki kertoi (siellä käytävästä orjakaupasta). Samassa alkup. postittajan antaman BBC:n osoittamassa mielessä Postia voitaisiin syyttää orhakaupasta, jos sen välittämien kirjeiden kautta käytäisiin orjakauppaa. Pelkäänpä, että analogia on täydellinen.

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Minusta on jotenkin nolostuttavaa vääntää tällaista rautalankaa, mutta näköjään "Some defender" on niin "orjakaupan" kiihdyttämä, etteivät analogiat oikein osu kohdalleen.

Postinkuljetuspalvelu = Kuljettaa sinetöityjä yksityisiä viestejä ja muita sisältöjä, joista sillä ei ole eikä saa olla tietoa. Kirjekuoren oikeudeton avaaminen on rikos. Posti ei voi kieltäytyä toimittamasta sinetöityä lähetystä. Lähettäjä voi joutua vastuuseen vain jälkikäteen. Suomessa posti on valtiollinen toimija, jonka toimintaa valvotaan, vaikka se onkin muodollisesti osakeyhtiä. Kuinka monta kertaa Posti on ollut raastuvassa vastaamassa syytteisiin yksityishenkilöiden laittomuuksia sisältäneistä lähetyksistä? Kuinka monta kertaa Posti on ollut raastuvassa vastaamassa syytteisiin siitä, että Postin johto on julkisesti ilmoittanut jakavansa mielellään laittomia lähetyksiä?

Instagram/Facebook = verkossa toimiva sovellus, jonka kautta voi välittää kuvia ja sanoja joko rajatulle joukolle tai avoimesti kenen tahansa katsottavaksi ja luettavaksi. Ei mitään sinetöityä, yksityistä informaatiota vaan julkisia toimia, joihin voidaan soveltaa voimassa olevaa rikoslakia siitä riippumatta, millä teknisellä alustalla toimii. Palvelun tarjoajalla on velvollisuus estää virallisesti laittoman sisällön jakeleminen. Sen lisäksi näillä palveluilla on oma säännöt, joiden perusteella yksittäisiä viestejä poistetaan ja kokonaisia tilejä suljetaan. Valehtelemisen suosiminen ei kenties ole Yhdysvalloissa laitonta, mutta palveluntarjoaja voidaan silti haastaa oikeuteen, jos voidaan katsoa sen edistäneen rikollista toimintaa tai peräti yllyttäneensä sellaiseen. Koska Facebookin ja Instagramin viestit eivät ole yksityistä toimintaa, niitä kohdellaan toisin kuin yksityistä postiliikennettä.

Postia ei voida syyttää yksityishenkilöiden laittoista viesteistä, koska Posti ei voi eikä saa tietää viestien sisältöä. Facebookia/Instagramia voidaan syyttää laittoista viesteistä, koska ne ovat julkisia ja sellaisinaan suoraan lainkäytön alaisia. Eri lailla analoginen tilanne vallitsee esimerkiksi Postin ja kirveitä valmistavan yrityksen välillä. Jälkimmästä ei voi menestyksellä viedä oikeuteen sillä perusteella, että joku yksityishenkilö on puiden sijasta halkaissut jonkun ihmisen kallon.

Facebookin ja Instagramin osalta aito analogia on perinteinen yleisönosaston kirjoitus (tai mikä tahansa muu lehti-, radio- tai televisiojuttu). Tällainen julkinen viesti on välittämästi lainkäytön piirissä, jos se sisältää esimerkiksi rikollisen yllytyksen.

Heikki Poroila

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Kommentoi vastausta


          

Facebook Leveraged Fake News To Grow User Engagement in Q3 ’19. Let The Rest Of The World Be Damned

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I’ve been following Facebook since I called Mark Zuckerberg in 2004, a month after launch, and offered to buy the company (I was running Bolt at the time). In March, 2010, I published the first Wall Street style research report on Facebook on Tumblr, with a $100 billion five year price target (it was actively trading in the private […]
          

Here's how long it would take for 6 of the richest Americans to lose their billionaire status under a 6% wealth tax

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Jeff Bezos Elon Musk

  • Sen. Elizabeth Warren's wealth tax forms a key plank of her fiercely populist presidential campaign – and her soak-the-rich approach is electrifying voters eager to curb the gaping income inequality within American society.
  • In recent weeks, financial titans on Wall Street and other corporate leaders have sounded the alarm about her candidacy, anxious that her slate of plans to restructure the national economy could drastically hit their earnings.
  • Here's how long it would take for some of America's most famous billionaires to lose their billionaire status under Warren's six percent wealth tax, according to the Bespoke Investment Group, a financial market research firm.
  • It would take Jeff Bezos 76 years to lose his billionaire status, equivalent to the average lifespan of an American man.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

Sen. Elizabeth Warren's wealth tax forms a key plank of her fiercely populist presidential campaign – and her soak-the-rich approach is electrifying voters eager to curb the gaping income inequality within American society.

Warren's proposal would impose a 2 percent tax on households with net worths over $50 million and increase it to six percent on those with fortunes above $1 billion. It was recently ramped-up to help pay for her new Medicare for All plan to provide universal healthcare to every person in the United States.

Assuming no appreciation or depreciation on their listed net worth, here's how long it would take for some of America's most famous billionaires to lose their billionaire status, according to new research from the Bespoke Investment Group, a financial market research firm:

  • Amazon founder Jeff Bezos ($110 billion): 76 years, or around the average lifespan of an American male.
  • Mark Zuckerberg ($70.3 billion): 69 years
  • Elon Musk ($23 billion): 51 years
  • President Donald Trump ($3.1 billion): 19 years
  • Oprah Winfrey ($2.7 billion): 17 years
  • Michael Jordan ($1.9 billion): 11 years

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has been especially vocal in his criticism of Warren. In leaked audio, he slammed her plan to break up big tech companies and said Facebook was ready to "go to the mat and fight" off government regulation.

In recent weeks, financial titans on Wall Street and other corporate leaders have sounded the alarm about her candidacy, anxious that her slate of plans to restructure the national economy could drastically hit their earnings.

Billionaire investor Leon Cooperman has repeatedly rebuked Warren's rhetoric in recent weeks. They've sparred over the presidential hopeful's economic plans, which substantially hit the rich and corporations with new taxes to fund her progressive initiatives like student debt relief and universal childcare.

"I don't need Elizabeth Warren telling me that I'm a deadbeat and that billionaires are deadbeats," Cooperman told CNBC on Monday. "The vilification of billionaires makes no sense to me."

The hedge-fund manager later said: "This is idiocy! It's appealing to the lowest common denominator and basically trying to turn people's heads around by promising a lot of free stuff."

Warren didn't let Cooperman have the last word.

The Massachussetts senator shot back in a Monday night tweet: "One thing I know he cares about — his fortune," referring to Cooperman's net-worth of $3.2 billion that he's pledged to give to charity.

In a follow-up tweet, she said, "I care about making sure every American has the opportunity to succeed. I'm not afraid to stand up to the wealthy and well-connected."

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