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WWE NXT preview for Nov. 6, 2019: Watch online

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Everything you need to know to prepare you for the upcoming edition of WWE NXT for Nov. 6 on the USA Network. The black and yellow brand is the talk of the entire WWE Universe right now after NXT did a “takeover” of SmackDown on Friday night, followed by an attack on Raw a few […]

WWE NXT preview for Nov. 6, 2019: Watch online - FanSided - FanSided - Sports News, Entertainment, Lifestyle & Technology - 300+ Sites


          

Thirteen International Artists Showcase Figurative, Introspective Works in "Universe 2"

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The Garage Gallery in Amsterdam is holding a group exhibition featuring 13 international artists whose "creative practices relies on building their own casts of characters, settings, and events." Curated by Sasha Bogojev, a writer, curator and contributing editor at Juxtapoz Magazine, "Universe 2" continues to push the boundaries of figurative art, showcasing contemporary styles that range from polished pop art to gestural-based depictions. A vibrant selection of works update traditional painting styles with the playfulness and experimentation of the modern world. The artists are connected through their figurative artwork, but draw inspiration from different sources like photography, pop culture, cartoons and manga. Influenced by historical art movements like abstraction, surrealism and classic portraiture, the artists draw viewers in with familiar elements, simultaneously leaving them perplexed with their expressive scenes.For example, Baldur Helgason's anxious self-portrait contrasts with So Youn Lee's gentle, "cotton-candy psychedelia." Elsewhere, Pedro Pedro renders one of his signature still life paintings with expressive, textural feeling, while Gosha Levochkin depicts an angry mob of creatures in a crisp style with precise lines and bold colors. Each work targets societal issues or personal matters in a humorously unconventional way.Participating artists include Anna Park, Pedro Pedro, Johnny Green, Kirsten Deirup, So Youn Lee, Baldur Halgason, Ralf Kokke, Maxwell McMaster, Trey Abdella, Gosha Levochkin, Elliot Dodd, Jur De Vries and Royal Jarmon. Take a look at select artworks from the exhibition in the gallery above. "Universe 2" is on show by appointment only from now until November 22. For more information, head over to The Garage's website. Elsewhere, Marc Jacobs' art collection is going up for auction at Sotheby's New York. The Garage GalleryBrouwersgracht 75D, 1015 GCAmsterdam, Netherlands View this post on Instagram Wow! #UniversesShow2 just opened and I couldn’t be happier with the turnout and response! I’m few days away from my 2nd annivesarry of moving to Holland, so seeing so many people I know coming to check and support what I’m doing really means a world • Big thank you to all the artists for continuously building their universes and making Universes 2 look so damn great. I couldn’t imagine the install looking so great and the works complementing so well • Special thank you goes to @markchalmers and team @thegarageamsterdam for trusting in me and this concept and pushing me to make it MY thing from beginning to the end! And I mean from selecting the artists to picking the beer for the opening. Thank you!A post shared by Sasha Bogojev (@sashabogojev) on Nov 1, 2019 at 4:05pm PDT

Click here to view full gallery at HYPEBEAST


          

Adobe aims to tap $128 billion opportunity in 2022

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Los Angeles: Adobe's stock went up after the software major announced robust earnings forecast for its fiscal 2020 that exceeded analysts' expectations.

The total addressable market for Adobe Experience Cloud is expected to increase to $84 billion by 2022, driven by increased demand for data and insights, content and personalisation, commerce, customer journey management and advertising, Adobe said on Monday.

The company forecasts revenue to reach $13.15 billion in the year beginning December 1 and digital Media segment revenue to grow over 19 per cent (year-over-year).

"Our strategy to unleash creativity, accelerate document productivity and power digital businesses is driving our growth and represents a $128 billion opportunity in 2022," said Shantanu Narayen, President and CEO, Adobe.

"Our expanding universe of customers, strong global brand, market-leading products and continued innovation positions us for a stellar 2020," he added.

At its core, Adobe's Creative Cloud strategy is about unleashing creativity for all, which is driving an increase in Creative Cloud total addressable market for 2022 to approximately $31 billion across creative professionals, communicators and consumers.

Adobe continues to benefit from the paper-to-digital transformation.

With trillions of PDFs created every year and approximately two billion Adobe mobile and reader users, the total addressable market for Adobe Document Cloud is expected to grow to $13 billion by 2022, said the software major.

Based on strong quarter-to-date performance, Adobe indicated it is raising its Q4 fiscal year 2019 Digital Media net new annualized recurring revenue (ARR) target to approximately $475 million, an increase of $25 million above its prior target.

Adobe also affirmed it is on track to achieve Q4 revenue of $2.97 billion.


          

Spot five planets at once and a transit of Mercury in 2016

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Skywatchers will have many opportunities in 2016 to see just how small we are in the universe. Four days into the new year, hundreds of meteors will dance across the night skies.... Come September, an outer ring of the sun's annular eclipse will be visible across Africa. In between, there will be spectacular shooting stars, super moons, and lunar eclipses to take in. ... From about Jan. 20 to Feb. 20, all five planets that are visible to the naked eye — Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn — will occupy the morning sky. This hasn't happened since 2005, according...
          

Universel Et Colonisation 1848 1852 Oruno D

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Universel Et Colonisation 1848 1852 Oruno D
          

Arrow: “Present Tense” - MAGA

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This year marks the final season of the CW’s superhero drama series Arrow. Not only does this mark the end of the show that brought us the shared TV universe of The Flash, SupergirlLegends of Tomorrow, and Batwoman, it’s also the writers’ last time to make a political statement. Sadly, the show decided to reveal its real priorities by throwing in a last-minute MAGA reference for the bad guy. Full article: https://www.newsbusters.org/blogs/culture/lindsay-kornick/2019/11/06/arrow-marks-final-season-evil-maga-speech
          

Promoted | The all-new Skoda Scala: Ashlea’s story

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On a family stargazing adventure, you need a hatchback that is spacious, practical, comfortable, stylish and high-tech When you’re taking the family on a stargazing adventure, you need a hatchback that is as spacious, practical and comfortable as it is stylish and high-tech

Meet Ashlea. A busy mum to Anna (7) and Max (4), she loves to help her family escape the bustle of daily life and look to the skies. That’s why, when Ashlea wants to take the family stargazing, the all-new Skoda Scala is the perfect match.

From a stylish head-turning design and cosseting high-tech interior that gives the Skoda Scala a distinctly premium and modern feel, to the practical, comfortable and spacious passenger and luggage bay, every element of Skoda’s new hatchback has been designed to make family journeys – long or short – simpler, safer and more fun.

To learn more about the all-new Skoda Scala, head to skoda.co.uk/new-cars/scala

The new star of the hatchback pack

The Skoda Scala has been designed to shine in a constellation of rivals. With a bold new look, courtesy of Skoda’s evolving design language, it brings a fresh sense of style to the family hatchback sector. 

The sleekly aerodynamic sporty profile and deep low grille work with intensely bright LED headlights to help you cut far through the dark of remote country roads. Equally, the rear leaves a lasting impression, thanks to its extended tailgate glass and distinctive Skoda branding, as well as LED rear lights with eye-catching animated indicators that ‘flow’ outwards to show a change of direction.

The Skoda Scala’s spacious and stylish interior offers a warming welcome with high-quality soft-touch materials and pleasing ambient lighting. An optional full-length panoramic roof brings even more light into the cabin and gives you a greater sense of your surroundings – whether it’s watching the scenery go by during the day, or admiring the city lights and starry skies at night.

A high-res digital Virtual Cockpit works with Amundsen satellite navigation, SmartLink+ smartphone connectivity and Skoda Connect apps on the large free-standing touchscreen – letting you customise your display between driving info, navigation, media, calls or texts – while keyless entry, a start/stop button and handy steering-wheel-mounted controls help you quickly prepare for blast off.

Space: fine in front and rear

The Skoda Scala has also been designed to be a practical family car, with a large 467-litre luggage space that offers up to 1,410 litres when you fold down the 60:40-split rear seats. A tip-to-close electrically operated boot offers fast and easy access, while a wealth of clever storage features – such as bag and tether hooks, boot nets, double-sided boot liners and straps – help you secure your cargo.

In the rear passenger seats, an extended wheelbase offers generous rear kneeroom and headroom for family members and friends (short or tall), while foldable tables and rear USB slots help keep minds (young and old) entertained. Equally, a wealth of clever storage options around the cabin offer up to 26 litres of space for all that family life throws at you. 

The Skoda Scala is also prepared for unexpected adventures, with an ice scraper conveniently located in the fuel cap for cold days and an umbrella mounted in the door for surprise showers, while the climate control air conditioning is fitted with a humidity sensor to reduce windscreen misting on cold and wet winter mornings.

To infinity, and beyond

The Skoda Scala hasn’t just been designed to be great to use. It has also been designed to be great to drive. A wide choice of Euro 6d petrol and diesel engines, with manual or 7-speed DSG automatic gearboxes, lets you choose the blend of power, economy and low emissions that’s perfect for your budget.

Equally, a chassis that has been designed to be stronger, stiffer and lighter blends improved handling and a more cosseting ride, with optional Sport Chassis Control adjustable shock absorbers that can lower and stiffen the suspension for an even more responsive, engaging and sporty drive.

Intelligent driving aids such as Adaptive Cruise Control, Auto Light Assist, Lane Change Assist, Side Assist and Rear Traffic Alert help make driving easier and safer, while front and rear parking sensors with a rear-view camera help you make any final docking manoeuvres. Plus, if the worst should happen, a total of nine airbags – including an optional driver knee airbag – help protect you and your passengers.

So, whether you’re taking a long journey to the outer rims of your universe, or just doing a simple stargazing trip with the family, the Skoda Scala has been designed to fit the bill. 

To learn more about the all-new Skoda Scala, head to skoda.co.uk/new-cars/scala


          

Mar 24, 2020: Friends of the University of Delaware Library Annual Dinner at Deerfield Country Club

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Join us for the Friends of the University of Delaware Library Annual Dinner with a keynote by Rebecca Romney, rare book specialist, bookseller and TV personality from the History Channel’s Pawn Stars.

Throughout the evening, Romney will discuss how she has engaged a wide popular audience with the basics of book collecting and the rare book trade.

From starring on television to posting on social media, from co-founding a book-collecting prize to writing a book on books, her outreach attempts have been varied and experimental.

During the event, Romney will explore the ethical implications of these experiences, and provide a candid account of the success and failures of these experiments.

Rebecca Romney has built a career on building bridges between the small world of rare books and the larger cultural universe. Since 2011, she has appeared on the History Channel’s TV series Pawn Stars as a rare book specialist and a fan-favorite expert. Romney first managed a rare book gallery in Las Vegas before relocating to the east coast. She is co-founder of the rare book company Type Punch Matrix, and co-author of Printer’s Error: Irreverent Stories from Book History.

Cost:

$125 - General Admission | Single ticket (only)

$50 - Current UD Student | Single Ticket (only)

For dinner menu, more information and registration visit:

https://ud.alumniq.com/index.cfm/events:register/home/eventid/7550

View on site | Email this event


          

Everything is Already in Perfect Order

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We don't typically have much awareness of what is timeless because we are usually the prisoner of a mind that is seeking to become something in time. However, it is possible to see -- without taking thought -- that everything eternal is already in perfect harmony. This means that we can stop struggling uselessly to put the Universe back into order.
          

Joaquin Phoenix Made Fake ‘Joker 2’ Posters for Todd Phillips

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Joker is steamrolling its way to over a billion dollars at the worldwide box office, so a sequel is almost a given at this point. After all, sequels have been announced based on far, far less success (Universal’s Dark Universe, anyone?). But according to Joker star Joaquin Phoenix in a recent interview with the Los Angeles Times, he’s not interested in participating in a sequel “just because the first movie is successful.” Indeed, part of what drew him to the role in the first place was the fact that it was a self-contained story that almost certainly …
          

Elisabeth Moss Has a See-Through Stalker in First Images for ‘The Invisible Man’

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After the ill-fated attempt at making monsters into superheroes in the Dark Universe (RIP 2017-2017), Universal is taking the classic monsters back to their horror roots with The Invisible Man. With the film set to sneak into theaters in 2020, EW has debuted some first-look images and new details about the reimagining of an iconic movie monster. The Blumhouse co-production has Upgrade writer/director Leigh Whannell at the helm and stars Elisabeth Moss as Cecilia Kass, a woman trapped in an abusive relationship with a brilliant scientist, played by The Haunting of Hill House standout Oliver …
          

Nouvelle Religion Solaire Et Universelle Volume 1 Omraam Mikhael

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Nouvelle Religion Solaire Et Universelle Volume 1 Omraam Mikhael
          

Originally published at:...

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Originally published at: http://eschergirls.com/photo/2019/11/06/i-think-snake-devouring-felicia-and-shes-trying-put-her-best-face-situation

the-midnight-doe submitted:

Le Chat Noir, by J. Scott Campbell. Official Marvel merchandise

Holy melted spine, Batman Spider-Man!

This is like Spider-Ham right, this is the Black Asp, the Black Cat from the snake universe?


          

La FIDH busca encargado/a de monitoreo, seguimiento y evaluación para la Oficina de África en París (en Francés)

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Chargé-e de reporting, suivi et évaluation du Bureau Afrique (référence CR-AFRIQUE-11-19)
La FIDH (Fédération Internationale pour les Droits humains) est une ONG internationale de défense des droits humains. Depuis 1922, nous sommes engagés dans la défense de tous les droits civils, politiques, économiques, sociaux et culturels tels que définis dans la Déclaration universelle des droits de l'Homme.
Nous fédérons 192 associations nationales de défense des droits humains actives dans environ 115 pays. (...)

- Empleo
          

Crise Financière: “Si BNP Paribas faisait faillite, l’état serait incapable d’honorer la garantie des dépôts de 100 000 € !”

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Gaël Giraud: “BNP PARIBAS, Société générale, BPCE, et Crédit Agricole. Nous sommes les seuls au monde à avoir 4 banques systémiques dîtes universelles. Elles font courir à l’économie Française un risque majeur parce que le département spéculation sur les marchés financiers est complètement tributaire des risques colossaux que tout le monde court sur les marchés financiers et se repayent à chaque fois qu’ils font des pertes immenses sur le département crédits, dépôts. […] Pourquoi est-ce très dangereux ? Parce que ce genre de crise et de pertes colossales est inévitable et du coup ça met en en danger les comptes de dépôts des déposants français. […] Si une grande banque du type BNP Paribas faisait faillite,… alors il faut voir que le bilan de la BNP c’est quasiment la taille du PIB français… Hein ! C’est de l’ordre d’un peu moins de 2000 milliards d’euros. Donc si une grande banque faisait faillite comme BNP Paribas, l’état serait incapable d’honorer la loi de garantie publique des 100 000 euros par compte. (La garantie des dépôts bancaires, Maître Feron-Poloni met en garde !) Et donc les grandes banques du type BNP Paribas et d’autres ont un pouvoir de chantage colossale sur l’état [...]

The post Crise Financière: “Si BNP Paribas faisait faillite, l’état serait incapable d’honorer la garantie des dépôts de 100 000 € !” appeared first on BusinessBourse.


          

Buttigieg says he has no regrets about coming out later in life

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'It's hard for me to kind of picture alternate universes'

The post Buttigieg says he has no regrets about coming out later in life appeared first on Washington Blade: Gay News, Politics, LGBT Rights.


          

The Hubble constant: a mystery that keeps getting bigger

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Scientists have found a discrepancy in estimates for the rate of expansion of the universe. Why is this and what does it mean?


          

All for Nothing? - Galatians 2:21

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Galatians 2:21 I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing! (NIV)

            Sometimes, I wake up in the middle of the night and I remember an embarrassing mistake or something foolishly spoken that I committed years ago. The event or the expression I used stings my pride and I feel sorry for having said or done something stupid that may have hurt or disappointed other people. As I think about my mistake, I wish I could go back and change the past, but that’s not ever going to happen, so I make a silent prayer to God and ask for Jesus to forgive me. I cannot alter the consequences of my error either, but I am able to leave it in the hands of God after confessing my sin.

            This reminds me of why we all need a Savior. We could say to God that we regret the past and will try to be better people by making it up to Him with a whole load of good deeds, but all we would be doing is covering our shame and blanketing our remorse. We can never do enough good things anyway because there are other countless times when we have said or done something stupidly and selfishly sinful in all of our past.

            It is also the reason why the Cross is at the center of our faith. Without Christ’s sacrifice, we would sadly remain unforgiven for the numerous sinful moments across our entire lives. Without the effective work of the Cross, we could never be restored to God’s gracious love. If we could do this all by ourselves then, as Paul simply states, Jesus would have died for nothing, but because we cannot save ourselves, we need the power, purpose, and peace that the Cross of Christ provides for every one of us to be forgiven.

            So, perhaps the next time you or I awake in the middle of the night and recall an embarrassing or sinful moment from the past, instead of dwelling on our stupidity we should think about the wonderful opportunity to be totally forgiven and completely reconciled to God through Christ’s death on the Cross.

Point to ponder
What past regrets do I honestly have that still embarrass or shame me? Have I asked God to forgive me of them in Christ’s Name?

Prayer: Lord Jesus, You are at the center of history and the focus point of all this universe. Your Life matters to us in so many ways, but Your Death has significantly impacted us by negating our sins in order to let us be restored to our Creator. Thank You for such an amazing gift of love! In Your Holy Name, we humbly and gratefully pray. Amen.

John Stuart is the pastor of Erin Presbyterian Church in Knoxville, Tennessee. Come and join us for worship on Sundays at 11:00 AM. You will be made very welcome 😊

Today’s image is one of John’s Good Friday drawings called ‘Empty Sky.’ If you would like to view a larger version, click this link: Sky.


          

ORIGINES ET AVENIR DE L'HUMANITÉ

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Suite au succès du premier cycle de conférences "Origines et avenir de l'Humanité", l'Institut de Paléontologie Humain, Fondation Albert Ier, Prince de Monaco et le MURS (Mouvement Universel de la Responsabilité Scientifique) lancent un nouveau cycle pour l'année 2019. - 08. Actualités Page Accueil
          

Galaxy S4 Owners Manual Your Quick Reference To All Galaxy S Iv Features Including Photography Voicemail Email And A Universe Of Free Android Apps

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Galaxy S4 Owners Manual Your Quick Reference To All Galaxy S Iv Features Including Photography Voicemail Email And A Universe Of Free Android Apps
          

021 PETE TURNER UNIVERSEL CORNELL CAPA PORTRAIT RARE VINTAGE 1969

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021 PETE TURNER UNIVERSEL CORNELL CAPA PORTRAIT RARE VINTAGE 1969
          

In the Know: Finding Value Among US Microcap Stocks

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When many investors think of microcap stocks, they envision high growth stocks that are like rockets. They soar when times are good, and crash and burn when times are bad. We recently caught up with Oliver Wong, portfolio manager, Franklin MicroCap Value Fund. He explained his approach to finding higher-quality, smaller companies within the equity universe that have the potential to perform well in different market environments.

The post In the Know: Finding Value Among US Microcap Stocks appeared first on Beyond Bulls and Bears.


          

20 Pentecost

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October 27, 2019

Luke 18.9-14

+ Since I’ve been your priest here at St., Stephen’s of quite some time now, you have gotten to known some of my pet peeves. Let’s open it up. What are some of my pet peeves?

Well, certainly only one of the big ones as a priest is none other than: triangulation. If you want to set me off like a rocket, try to nudge me into that fun catch-22.

Here’s essentially what triangulation is:  Sometimes people come to me as a priest and, because they have some issue with another parishioner, they want me to go to that other person and deal with the situation this other person is having on their behalf.

The excuse here is that, since it is a church issue, the “church guy” should take care of this issue for them. After all, I must be on their side of this issue, right?

Now, to be clear, THEY don’t want to confront the person. But they seem to think it’s somehow the priest’s job to confront that person for them and for this particular issue that they themselves see as something that needs to be confronted.

Before we go on from here I just want to be clear: It is NOT the priest’s job to do this. Nowhere in my contract does it say I am to do this kind of a job.  What this triangulation does is it puts the priest not in their rightful position as priest, but only puts them in an awkward situation in which they can’t win.  Stuck right in the middle.

One of the things I have been very proactive about in my ministry is avoiding that ugly situation of triangulation.  Triangulation, as you can guess, is one of the quickest “clergy killers” out there. You want your priest out, all of you have to do is try to draw them into an ugly triangle like this.  

Actually, I luckily, have not really had to deal with triangulation much here at St. Stephen’s very often. And those times when it has come up, I have reacted pretty strongly against it.  One of the great aspects of St. Stephen’s has been the self-reliance of the parishioners. But, in other congregations, let me tell you, they do attempt to resort to triangulation quite often. And…I hear many fellow clergy share stories in which they have found themselves trapped in the middle of those situations.

In the past, when I have found myself being nudged into such a situation, I finally have had to ask a question.  I, of course, tell the person: you need to talk to this person if you have an issue with them.  You’re talking to them will probably be much more successful than my talking to them on your behalf.

But, if that doesn’t work—and it usually doesn’t work—I ask those people: “have you tried praying for them?” And I’m not saying, praying for them to change, for them to be more like what you expect them to be. Have you just prayed for them, as they are? Because when we do that, we find that maybe nothing in that other person changes—ultimately we can’t control how other people act or do things—but rather weare the ones who change. We are the ones who find ourselves changing our attitude about that person, or seeing that person from another perspective.

However it works, prayer like this can be disconcerting and frightening.  Let me tell you. I have done it. I’ll be honest: I have had issues with people who do not meet my own personal expectations.

But I do find that as I pray for them, as I struggle before God about them, sometimes nothing in that other person changes. (God also does not allow God’s self to be triangulated) But I often find myself changing my attitude about them, even when I don’t want to.

Prayer, often, is the key. But not controlling prayer.  Rather, prayer that allows us to surrender to God’s will.  That’s essentially what’s happening in today’s Gospel reading.

In our story we find the Pharisee.  A Pharisee was a very righteous person. They belonged to an ultra-orthodox sect of Judaism that placed utmost importance on a strict observance of the Law of Moses—the Torah.  

The Pharisee is not praying for any change in himself. He arrogantly brags to God about how wonderful and great he is in comparison to others.

 The tax collector—someone who was ritually unclean according the Law of Moses— however, prays that wonderful, pure prayer

“God, be merciful to me, a sinner!”

It’s not eloquent. It’s not fancy. But it’s honest. And it cuts right to heart of it all.

To me, in my humble opinion, that is the most perfect prayer any of us can pray.

“God, be merciful to me, a sinner!”

It’s a prayer I have held very, very dear for so long. And it is a prayer that had never let me down once. Prayers for mercy are probably one of the purest and most honest prayers we can make.  And what I love even more about this parable is the fact that the prayer of the Pharisee isn’t even necessarily a bad prayer in and of itself.  I mean, there’s an honesty in it as well.

The Pharisee is the religious one, after all.  He is the one who is doing right according to organized religion.   He is doing what Pharisees do; he is doing the “right” thing; he is filling his prayer with thanksgiving to God.  

In fact, every morning, the Pharisee, like all orthodox Jewish men even to this day, pray a series of “morning blessings.” These morning blessings include petitions like

“Blessed are you, Lord God, King of the Universe, who made me a son of Israel.”

“Blessed are you, Lord God, King of the Universe, who did not make me a slave.”

And this petition:

“Blessed are you, Lord God, King of the Universe, who did not make me a woman.”

So, this prayer we hear the Pharisee pray in our story this morning is very much in line with the prayers he would’ve prayed each morning.

Again, we should be clear: we should all thank God for all the good things God grants us. The problem arises in the fact that the prayer is so horribly self-righteous and self-indulgent that it manages to cancel out the rightness of the prayer.  The arrogance of the prayer essentially renders it null and void.

The tax collector’s prayer however is so pure.  It is simple and straight-to-the-point.  This is the kind of prayer Jesus again and again holds up as an ideal form of prayer.  But what gives it its punch is that is a prayer of absolute humility.

And humility is the key here.  It gives the prayer just that extra touch.   There is no doubt in our minds as we hear this parable that God hears—and grants—this prayer, even though it is being prayed by someone considered to be the exact opposite of the Pharisee.

Whereas the Pharisee is the religious one, the righteous one, the tax collector, handling all that pagan unclean money of the conquerors, is unclean.  He is an outcast. 

Humility really is the key. And it is one of the things, speaking only for myself here, that I am sometimes lacking in my own spiritual life.

But, humility is important.  It is essential to us as followers of Jesus.

St. Teresa of Avila, the great Carmelite saint, once said, “Humility, humility. In this way we let our Lord conquer, so that [God] hears our prayer.”

I think we’re all a bit guilty of lacking humility in our own lives, certainly in our spiritual lives and in being self-righteous when it comes to sin.  We all occasionally find ourselves wishing we could control and correct the shortcomings and failures of others.   When a person fails miserably, or is caught in a scandal,  find myself saying: “Thank God it’s them and not me.” Which is terrible of me! And maybe that’s also an honest prayer to make.  Because what we also say in that prayer is that we, too, are capable of being just that  guilty.

We all have a shadow side.  And maybe that’s what we’re seeing in those people we want to correct.  There’s no way around the fact that we do have shadow sides. But the fact is, the only sins we’re responsible for ultimately—the only people who can ultimately control—are our own sins—not the sins of others.  

We can’t pay the price of other’s sins—only Jesus can and has done that—nor should we delight in the failings or shortcomings of others. All we can do as Christians, sometimes, is humble ourselves.  Again and again.

Sometimes all we can do is let God deal with a situation, or a person who drives us crazy.

God, have mercy on me, a sinner

We must learn to overlook what others are doing sometimes.  Doing so, exhausts me.  And so I don’t know why I would want to deal with other’s issues if my own issues exhaust me.

There are too many self-righteous Christians in the world.   We know them.  They frustrate us.   And they irritate us.   We don’t need anymore.  

What we need are more humble, contrite Christians.   We need to be Christians who don’t see anyone as inferior to us—as charity cases to whom we can share our wealth and privileges and whom we wish to control and make just like us.

Rather, to paraphrase the great St. Therese of Lisieux: we should sit down with sinners, not as their benefactors but as the “most wretched of them all.”

That is true humility.  In our own eyes, if we carry true humility within us, if we are our own stiffest and most objective judges, then we know that we are the most wretched of them all and that we are in no place to condemn others. In dealing with others, we have no other options than just simply to love those people—fully and completely, even when they drive us crazy.

 Sin or no sin, we must simply love them and hate our own sins.   That is what it means to be a true follower of Jesus.  It is essential if we are going to truly love those we are called by Jesus to love and it is essential to our sense of honesty before God.

So, let us steer clear of such self-righteousness. But, in being humble, let us also not beat ourselves up and be self-deprecating. Rather, let us work to overcome our own shortcomings and rise above them.  Let us look at others with pure eyes—with eyes of love.  Let us not see the shortcomings and failures of others, but let us see the light and love of God permeating through them, no matter who they are.  And with this perception, let us realize that all of us who have been humbled will be lifted up by God and exalted in ways so wonderful we cannot even begin to fathom them in this moment.




          

'A Marvelous Life' Holds Stan Lee High As The Man Who Made Superheroes Matter

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In 2018, Marvel Studios released Black Panther. The film grossed 1.3 billion dollars and was nominated for 7 Oscars including Best Picture (a first time for a superhero film).

Beyond the money and awards, the release of Black Panther was a global event. The story of a super-powered African king, leader of the most technologically advanced nation on Earth, allowed the film to address racism and the history of colonial oppression in entirely new and unexpected ways. If anyone was still raising questions about comics mattering for culture, Black Panther meant the definitive end of the argument. Marvel comics and their characters were culture.

So how did we get here? How did superhero comics, the supposed realm of nerdy teenagers, end up conquering the world?

The answer, in many ways, comes down to a single name — Stan Lee. Across a lifetime of creativity, collaboration and endless hustle, Stan Lee saw possibilities no else could imagine and made them real. And if you want to understand how Lee and Marvel did it, Danny Fingeroth's new book A Marvelous Life is the place to start. As a lifelong fan of Spider-Man, The X-Men, Star-Lord and the rest, it was delightful introduction to a guy I'd never met but felt I'd known my whole life.

Fingeroth, who did his own award-winning time at Marvel, begins by laying out the contours of Stan Lee's early life as the son of a Jewish New York immigrant family (Lee was born in 1922 as Stanley Martin Lieber). Through the 1950s, Lee managed to build a solid if unimpressive career working in comics. But then in the late 1950s, the comics industry crashed as TV gave teenage boys a different venue for their interests. By 1960, Lee felt stymied and trapped. He was planning on quitting comics once and for all to do something "important." It was that frustration that led Stan Lee to what Fingeroth calls "a midlife crisis heard 'round the world."

Seeing that other publishers were having some success reviving superhero teams, Lee's boss tasked him with coming up with a new comic. Lee took the assignment, but he didn't just want to create just another group of costumed do-gooders. Instead, he set out to imagine a different vision what it meant to be a superhero.

In this and the work that followed, Lee asked himself what would happen if an ordinary person got superpowers. Would it make their lives better or would it make them harder? What Lee was picturing were superheroes who weren't gods from another world or perfect, infallible examples of human righteousness. Instead, he wanted stories of flawed men and women, full of neurosis and anguish, who suddenly found they could fly or stretch or punch their way through brick walls. What would happen then?

What happened was The Fantastic Four. And then The Hulk. And then Thor and Spiderman and Doctor Strange and Iron Man and The X-men. Over the next few years, Lee along with the equally legendary Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko, managed to create a large fraction of what we now call the Marvel Universe. Many of the characters had huge, real-life challenges like Tony Stark (aka Iron Man) and his drinking problem. That meant these characters lived in a recognizable world. "I wanted to make it as realistic as possible" says Lee in an interview quoted in the book. "Instead of [superheroes] living in Gotham City or Metropolis, I felt I will have them live in New York City." Just as important, these new Marvel characters lived in the same world where they crossed paths, formed alliances (or broke them), had romances (and broke those too), all of which formed one, giant, seamless story.

It wasn't just the stories that were new. Lee saw something few others could recognize — a nascent adult audience for superhero comics. Rather than just a backwater of teenage fantasy, Lee understood that with the right stories, superhero comics could gain relevance in the rapidly emerging world of ever-present mass media. Then Lee went further. He not only saw the change coming, he understood how to become its personification.

Most folks only know Stan Lee through his charming and quirky cameos in modern Marvel films. But if you were serious about comics back in the day (for me "the day" was the mid-1970s when I was 11 years old), Stan Lee was a constant presence. One of Lee's great innovations in Marvel comics was to develop a relationship with his readers through the "Bullpen Bulletins." These were a kind of editor's news and information page where Lee drew back the curtain to let you see what was happening at Marvel's offices. And as Lee described it, something amazing was always happening including the occasional visit from a rock star or famous movie director who'd popped by to express their Marvel admiration.

That was Lee's genius. "Little by little [he] was making himself and Marvel into celebrities" writes Fingeroth. By becoming a regular presence within Marvel's pages Lee was "mythologizing what he and his peers did for a living, making himself and them as important as the characters whose stories they told." But Lee was making us, his readers part of that story too. He was convincing us that we, too, were part of something very important just by buying those slim volumes of The Avengers, Silver Surfer or Nick Fury and His Howling Commandos.

A Marvelous Life gives us strong insights into the forces that drove Lee and Marvel to success. But Stan Lee was also a complex man who could be both beloved and reviled. In particular, Lee's conflicts with collaborators, who felt he had stolen credit for their work, is also an important part of his story. This was particularly true for Jack Kirby. Fingeroth spends some time in the book unpacking Lee's long running dispute with Kirby and others. He also mentions abuse allegations previously noted by media. These sections were not particularly compelling to me, but they are an important part of Lee's legacy and Fingeroth handles them with grace.

One small criticism of the book is that it tells us very little of Lee's response to the founding and runaway success of Marvel Studios (beginning with Iron Man in 2008). That seems a strange omission given how much of Lee's later story is him trying to get Hollywood to pick up Marvel properties.

Taken as a whole though, A Marvelous Life is a must-read for anyone who wants to understand how Stan Lee set Marvel on the path to world domination (in a good way).

Adam Frank is an astrophysics professor at the University of Rochester and author of Light of the Stars: Alien Worlds and the Fate of the Earth. You can find more from Adam here: @adamfrank4.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

          

Stan Lee & Douglas Rain RIP, plus The Other Side of the Wind, Philadelphia in 4K, Robservations & more

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Stan Lee RIP

We start the new week with a few more Blu-ray reviews, including Tim’s review of Absurd from Severin Films, David’s look at Street Mobster from Arrow Video, and Dennis’ take on Gun Crazy from the Warner Archive Collection. Enjoy!

Also, we’ve posted another new update of the Release Dates & Artwork section featuring all the latest Blu-ray, DVD, and 4K Ultra HD cover artwork and Amazon.com pre-order links. And as we work our way towards Thanksgiving and Black Friday week, we ask that whenever you’re going to shop on Amazon for literally anything, please consider starting by clicking through one of our links (link this one). It makes a real difference in helping us to keep The Bits and we really do appreciate it.

In terms of announcement news, Sony Pictures Home Entertainment has just set Jonathan Demme’s Philadelphia: 25th Anniversary Edition for release on 4K Ultra HD on 11/27, just as we expected. All of the existing extras will carry over, and there will be a new featurette with new Tom Hanks, Denzel Washington, and Mary Steenburgen interviews too. Audio will be Dolby Atmos and there will be HDR10 high dynamic range. [Read on here...]

CLICK HERE to BACK THE BITS in our fight to preserve Physical Media CLICK HERE to shop through our Amazon.com links and SUPPORT THE BITS CLICK HERE to visit The Bits on Facebook CLICK HERE to visit The Bits on Twitter

We’ve also heard from Sony that the previously reported 12/18 street date for Venom (which came from retail sources) is not correct. We’re hearing the actual date may be 1/8/19, but the studio would like you to know that officially the title is still TBA. Warner’s Smallfoot now appears to be a 12/11 release. And it looks like Julius Avery’s Overlord is coming to 4K as well, sometime early in 2019 from Paramount. We’ve updated our 4K Ultra HD Release List here at The Bits accordingly.

Also from Sony, look for White Boy Rick on Blu-ray and DVD on 12/25, with the Digital release expected on 12/11.

In other release news, HBO has set The Deuce: Season Two for Blu-ray and DVD release on 2/5/19.

Mill Creek Entertainment is releasing a Blu-ray double feature of The Karate Kid, Part III and The Next Karate Kid on 1/8.

Well Go USA will release The House That Never Dies: Reawakening on DVD and Digital on 12/4. The company is also releasing the Detective Dee: 3 Movie Collection on DVD only 11/13 exclusively at Walmart. It features the Chinese wuxia fantasy/actioners Detective Dee: The Four Heavenly Kings, Detective Dee and The Mystery of the Phantom Flame, and Young Detective Dee: Rise of the Sea Dragon. And Well Go will release Along with the Gods: The Last 49 Days on Blu-ray, DVD, and Digital on 12/11.

Warner Bros. Home Entertainment will release the all-new Scooby-Doo! and the Curse of the 13th Ghost on DVD and Digital on 2/5/19.

Eureka Entertainment in the UK is releasing Basil Dearden’s Khartoum (1966) in a Blu-ray/DVD Combo edition in the UK on 3 December. The film stars Charlton Heston and Sir Laurence Olivier.

And Lionsgate will release The Oath on DVD on 1/8, with the Digital release on 12/28. They also have American Renegades coming to Blu-ray and DVD on 1/22.

In other news today, if any of you are fans of classic cinema and director Orson Welles, I highly recommend you check out his final film that was recently finished and released on Netflix: The Other Side of the Wind. And I also highly recommend you check out the new documentary about the making of this film on Netflix: They’ll Love Me When I’m Dead. Both are absolutely fascinating insights into to the mind and genius/madness of Welles in his later years. They’re really not to be missed.

Also today, our old friend, director, and longtime special edition producer Robert Meyer Burnett has just posted the first episode of his new Robservations web series on YouTube. It’s meant to be a deep dive into various aspects of pop culture Geekdom. As anyone who knows Rob personally will tell you, he’s the perfect host for such a journey. The first episode is a visit with an old childhood friend in Seattle who’s now a member of the 501st Legion, building screen accurate replica Star Wars costumes and Landspeeders. Yes, Landspeeders. It’s pretty cool... 39 minutes of serious nerdvana. I highly recommend your pour yourself a cup of coffee and check it out here...

{youtube}B28MHXjcDzI|610|343{/youtube}

And finally today, we have a pair of deaths that must be acknowledged. The first is Canadian actor Douglas Rain, better known to many of you as the voice of the HAL 9000 computer in Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey. He was also one of the founding members of the Stratford Festival. Some of you may not know this, but he also voiced the computer and robot butlers in Woody Allen’s Sleeper (1973). You can read more about him here.

News of this next death came in just as I began working on today’s news post here at The Bits, and it’s a toughie: Stan Lee, the legendary chief writer and editor of Marvel Comics, and creator/co-creator of so many iconic superhero and comic book characters has died this morning at the age of 95. Many, many people around the Internet will be posting tributes and remembrances of Lee today, to which the best I can add is that in all my many years as the editor of The Bits, I can scarcely remember a convention I attended in which I didn’t see Lee, pass him in the hallways, attend one of his panels, or hear his gravely but enthusiastic voice. And every time, it made me smile. He was a force of nature and had a tremendous impact on the entire pop culture universe and all its many inhabitants. He will be missed. You can read more about him here at The New York Times.

Stan Lee RIP - photo by William E. Sauro/The New York Times

That’s all for now, except to send out a nod of thanks in honor of all you veterans out there.

Excelsior.

- Bill Hunt

(You can follow Bill on social media at these links: Twitter and Facebook)

 


          

Crash Team Racing Nitro-Fueled - Neon Circus Grand Prix Trailer | PS4

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Step right up Bandicoots, and welcome to the Neon Circus! This electrifying Grand Prix season for Crash Team Racing Nitro-Fueled will excite your senses as you race around a bombastic new track and complete challenges to earn Nitro! New beloved Crash universe characters enter the fray and exciting items fill the Nitro Gauge reward set. New Karts will give you a thrill and tons of new skins, wheels, decals, stickers and animated paint jobs will let you showcase your colorful style. Finally, there’s a new game mode that will test your mettle, and a special (ahem) chicken makes his royal appearance!

The Neon Circus Grand Prix is set to go live November 8 at 7:00AM PST (3:00PM UTC) for anyone who has purchased Crash Team Racing Nitro-Fueled and has an internet connection.

With Crash™ Team Racing Nitro-Fueled, the stakes are high and the competition is fierce. It's the CTR you love, now kicked into the highest gear.

*Grand Prix content and timing subject to change. Internet required.

Follow Crash!

Website: https://www.crashbandicoot.com/crashteamracing
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/crashbandicoot
Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/crashbandicoot
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/crashbandicoot
          

¡Es hora de alquilar un poco de STEEM POWER!

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¿Has estado pensando en alquilar STEEM POWER? El #Newsteem nos hizo centrarnos más en la curaduría, pero la falta de STEEM POWER puede hacer que se sienta menos que efectivo, y no todos tienen los fondos para impulsar STEEM. **@exyle** declaró recientemente que obtuvo ["aproximadamente un 18% de ROI en [su] SP"](https://steempeak.com/exyle/@exyle/explaining-the-way-i-curate-on-steem-after-a-couple-of-weeks-into-the-eip), ¡así que hay una manera clara de beneficiarse de la curación! [DLease](https://dlease.io/market) le ofrece la oportunidad de arrendar STEEM POWER por un período de tiempo específico y utilizarlo para obtener recompensas de curaduría. Aplíquelo correctamente y gane más STEEM!

Por el momento, la APR máxima que se ofrece actualmente en DLease es del 15,70%, con una APR promedio del 13,01%. Eso es considerablemente más bajo que el 18% que menciono @exyle. ¿Por qué no alquilar STEEM POWER ahora mismo? ¡No te pierdas las tarifas bajas! Vaya a [DLease](https://dlease.io/market) ahora, inicie sesión y solicite un contrato de arrendamiento. #

Elija la cantidad de STEEM POWER que desea alquilar, por qué período de tiempo y cuánto desea pagar por semana. ¡Incluso tiene la opción de dividir un contrato de arrendamiento grande en varios más pequeños, para aumentar las posibilidades de que reciba el STEEM POWER que desea!

¿Tiene usted alguna pregunta? ¿Necesita ayuda? **No dudes en contactarnos en [Discord](https://discord.gg/S37bYma).** ---
---
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***
**Descargo de responsabilidad**: Este es un aviso de pago por suscripción de @steemvoter. Gracias a los clientes de Steemvoter por permitirnos utilizar sus cuentas de Steemvoter para votar a favor de esta publicación, en virtud de su **suscripción gratuita** al servicio de la automatización por la curaduría de Steemvoter.com, les agradecemos por su interés en este servicio. @steemvoter es orgullosamente una filial de @buildteam y un proyecto hermano de @dlease, @tokenbb, @ginabot, @steemsports, @btuniverse, @steemsports-es y @minnowbooster.. # ---------------------- **Disclaimer:** This is a commissioned Spanish translation post authored by @lanzjoseg. Although this content has been checked with Google Translate, we cannot confirm it is 100% accurate, please feel free to verify against our [original Steem post in English](https://steempeak.com/dlease/@dlease/it-s-time-to-lease-some-steem-power). **Descargo de responsabilidad:** Esta es una publicación en español responsable de la traducción escrita por @lanzjoseg. A pesar de que este contenido ha sido verificado con Google Translate, no podemos confirmar que sea 100% preciso, no dude en verificar nuestra [publicación original de Steem en inglés.](https://steempeak.com/dlease/@dlease/it-s-time-to-lease-some-steem-power) #### **Declaración de Beneficiario:** 10% @null BURNPOST! 10% al fondo de la propuesta de @steem.dao.

          

Just some random November thoughts...

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https://cdn.steemitimages.com/DQmSoa7taeuB5w678uqWUkfZKLD4Wb3i3Rebq7SrH6DgpWw/steem-universe.jpg https://steemitimages.com/DQmXA9RBqr2qRTbWpcnvGDv38v9v6gak6WotkLMMUZxeERk/hr_thin.png ## Changing the 13 weeks Powerdown period to 4 weeks --- To be honest, I am not sure, if that would really have any positive effect on Steem. Are we, based on fear, changing well thought logics in a rush because of the current bear market? I will continue to think about it for a while and vote for the proposal when I am completely sure that it would really be a good change for us. Of course, 4 weeks would be the absolute minimum. Anything else is just insane in my opinion. I can't believe that there are even a few stakeholders with more than 100k SP really considering a one week period. Did they lose their mind or do they just want to leave us as fast a possible? We are more than just a shitcoin, damn we are Steem and we have security in mind! Steem is still the greatest, my number one and I believe in its big future. It has not failed, even if more people seem to really think that in these days. Having to see witnesses in the top ranks who define Steem as kind of failed/dead is way more negative for external investors than the 13 weeks powerdown period, I think. Sometimes it is just the perspective on things that changes everything. Look at what we all together have accomplished here. As soon as some big gaming companies will grasp, how well Steem would fit into their products, we all will laugh about those old days of prices below $10. ## Any parallels? --- Take a look at the prices of gold and bitcoin. I won't call names, but exactly since the time when a few major exchanges entered the game, there is hardly any movement to the upside anymore and, if it happens, then it is being 'corrected' in a matter of a few days, so that the world can keep staring at the endless, boring line. They are playing with our minds, friends. They are now accepting cryptos in their big companies to be able to drop each earned coin exactly as planned on the market in order to make us 'hodl an endless line' and to create false market beliefs. Same as they 'integrated' some made men into Steem to be able to drop as many coins as possible on external markets. Some of them are just here to manipulate peoples thoughts (same thing as on yt and other networks). We all have felt this for a long time, but I tell you, they lost and I think we can look back to the moon soon (from the perspective of having the moon thousands of miles behind us, of course :) Bidbots are kind of dead, so more coins now go to people who are here for the idea of Steem and the communities, not just for the quick bucks. If you still believe that onboarding 'the masses of quick-buck-sellers' will change the Steem world for the better, please think again about the price that needs to be paid with millions of daily quick-bloggers on here. Millions of cents won't bring us millions of dollars. In my opinion, in the end the big millions will come from the gaming industry. Even with their own SMTs, the RCs to keep the network running need to be provided by staking STEEM and this is just brilliant. ## Fun fact of the month --- I told my family to invest ~ 10k € in STEEM when it was at $1 and they now think I'm crazy because of the current, mildly spoken, huge discount. Big intentions to sit next to their christmas tree with a 9x loss in my pocket? I am not so sure... ## Investment advice --- Please sell your house immediately for STEEM before the rocket will start. A way bigger house is waiting for you. Thank me later. ## Know undervalued authors? --- You know an author/creator (no daily shit blog) who does not get enough votes on his/her posts? Show me and I will try to change that. Before I forget: @CZ please push the button man, it's getting cold outside. Thanks. --- Calm down, get out of your head, trust in your creation and Steem on ;) https://steemitimages.com/DQmXA9RBqr2qRTbWpcnvGDv38v9v6gak6WotkLMMUZxeERk/hr_thin.png https://steemitimages.com/DQmarYCHGSBms38CSwf8Be3n56RN16nz8MS6MTSV2jX3TfT/chiller-footer-sh-400x90.png
          

Looking for Writers

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As part of the **Steem ecosystem**, BuildTeam has an interest in providing Steemians not just with **excellent Steem based apps** like [DLease](https://dlease.io/) and [TokenBB](https://tokenbb.io/), we also try to share info on what's happening on Steem and in the **general crypto space**. On the @btuniverse blog, you will find posts on a variety of topics. The most recent one is about [Real Estate starting to Embrace Tokenization](https://steempeak.com/btuniverse/@btuniverse/real-estate-starting-to-embrace-tokenization). [

](https://steempeak.com/btuniverse/@btuniverse/real-estate-starting-to-embrace-tokenization)

Other topics include [China Providing Crypto Clarity](https://steempeak.com/btuniverse/@btuniverse/this-week-s-big-news-china-providing-crypto-clarity), a [Steempeak Spotlight](https://steempeak.com/steem/@btuniverse/buildteam-spotlight-setting-beneficiaries-on-steempeak), and [Steem being listed on Easycrypto.co.nz](https://steempeak.com/btuniverse/@btuniverse/steem-listed-on-easycrypto-co-nz). There are many topics worth writing about in the cryptospace, and we are now **looking for people interested in writing posts** about interesting current events. Are you interested? ### What you should bring to the table * **Excellent English skills** (native or on a high level as second language) * The ability to **write journalistic posts** (show us previous work, if available) * Motivation to **search for topics** by yourself * Ability to keep agreed upon deadlines ### What you will receive * **25 BUILDTEAM tokens per post**, paid out every second week (read more about the tokens [here](https://buildteam.io/tokens.php)) * Readers for your articles * The pleasure of being part of a great team that has been active on the Steem blockchain for years Please contact @thecryptodrive on Discord (thecryptodrive #8144) with your qualifications and previous work. ---
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*** **Disclaimer:** This is a @steemvoter subscription payment post. Thank you to Steemvoter customers for allowing us to use your Steem accounts to upvote this post by virtue of your free subscription to the Steemvoter.com curation automation service. @steemvoter is proudly a @buildteam subsidiary and sister project to @dlease, @tokenbb, @ginabot, @steemsports, @btuniverse, @steemsports-es and @minnowbooster. **Beneficiary Declaration:** 10% @null BURNPOST! 10% to @steem.dao proposal fund.
          

LEGO Ideas Voltron: Defender of the Universe Building Kit (21311) $140 + Free Shipping

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Walmart has *2321-Piece LEGO Ideas Voltron: Defender of the Universe Building Kit* (21311) on sale for *$139.99*. *Shipping is free* or select free store pickup where available. Thanks SubZero5 ...
          

For The Home, Fine Art Print-Maya & the Secret Universe by elisemahanfineart

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15.00 USD

This is a listing for an astronomy and natural history inspired giclee print. your print is on 5 by 7 inch archival quality matte paper, and will arrive sealed in an archival sleeve and sturdy backing board for the safest possible shipping.

All of my 5 by 7 inch prints are printed using a Canon PIXMA PRO-100 printer which uses dye based archival inks. I use MOAB Photo Matte paper which is 235 gsm and completely acid free.

each print is signed on the back with pencil


          

Tales from the Dark Multiverse - by: TwiceOnThursdays

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Woodclaw wrote: I can see where they're going with this series, but in spite of all the superpowered action I really didn't enjoy it at all.
On one hand, Lois's reaction to Clark's death felt more plausible than in the original story, on the other that reaction was blown out of proportion and scale. I know that this is actually the whole point of this series, to show how thing could have gone much worse in a different time and place... but it still left a terrible aftertaste in my mouth.


I have to say I collect Super-Lois comics, so I was really looking forward to this....and I have to say my reaction is pretty similar.

My general reaction to the entire Metal/Dark Universe/Batman Who Laughs isn't very good and I'm pretty tired of it all.  Mix in the entire JLA/Super Powered Lex Luther (Lex becomes a bland villian when he gets powers) ... and I'm done with the whole thing and wish DC would move on.

There were a few brights spots in all that but mostly it's a giant pile of "is it over yet?" for me.
          

Family Life - by: Klaus

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I'm writing a story set in the Aurora Universe by shadar with a fairly heavy focus on the relationship between a Terran, Jasmine, and the Velorian Hilda.

As Hilda literally crash lands in Jasmine's kitchen like meteor, their relationship gets off to a dramatic start!

I'll try to keep their relationship... grounded. There's a give and take in any serious relationship between two human beings, even when one is a superfemme and the other is a normal human. There's bliss for Jasmine, and the comfort of human contact for Hilda, which I've come to think is extraordinarily important and valued by Vels.. There will be tension but also passion and pleasure.
          

Karma für den Staat

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Karma für den Staat
In Süd(ost)asien wird Buddhismus ausschließend
Rosaly Magg 5 November, 2019 - 14:03

 

In Myanmar und Sri Lanka wurden in den letzten Jahren Übergriffe gegen Minderheiten buddhistisch legitimiert. Zu den Unterstützern fremdenfeindlicher Bewegungen zählen viele Mönche. Woher kommt diese ausgrenzende Strömung im Buddhismus?

 

Die Frage nach religiösem Fundamentalismus im Buddhismus erfordert die Definition beider Begriffe. Religion ist ein Glaubenssystem basierend auf einer Vision des Transzendenten und/oder besseren Lebens in einer anderen Existenz. Gleichzeitig ist sie ein soziales Phänomen, ein Kernelement menschlicher Gesellschaft, welches Menschen universell verbindet. Fundamentalismus (lateinisch fundamentum: Basis, Grundlage) hingegen bietet – scheinbare – Sicherheit in einer unsicheren Welt. Die vermeintliche Rückkehr zu den Wurzeln kann ausschließend werden, wenn nur eine Interpretation der Lehre zugelassen wird. Das führt häufig zum Rückzug aus der Welt und zu Isolation. Gewalt nach außen entsteht, wenn FundamentalistInnen andere Auslegungen bekämpfen. Wer sich auf die reine Lehre beruft, meint meist gar nicht diese, sondern spätere, politisch gefärbte Anwendungen.

Daraus kann sich die Religionisierung der Politik entwickeln: Der Staat soll religiöse Gebote unterstützen und das fromme Leben ermöglichen oder erzwingen. Die Übertragung religiöser Belange auf die politische Ebene dient häufig nicht nur dem frommen Leben, sondern heiligt Ausschlussprozesse. Sie können sich gegen ‚Andere‘ und Minderheiten richten, gegen kritische Stimmen und die politische Opposition.

 

Buddhismus und Herrschaft

Der Buddhismus gilt als tolerante, gewaltlose Religion, die für Fundamentalismus keinen Raum lässt, nicht zuletzt, da er als ‚gottlose‘ Religion gilt: Er vermittelt keine Heilsbotschaft. Ziel dieser Religion ist der Ausstieg aus dem Saṁsāra, dem Kreis von Werden und Vergehen, um das Nirwana, absolute Nichtexistenz, zu erreichen. Dies ist Mönchen vorbehalten. Hierzu muss man Karma vermeiden, also die Konsequenzen individueller Handlungen im nächsten Leben. Ahimsa oder Nichtverletzung ist davon ein wesentlicher Bestandteil.

Mönche waren auf den Unterhalt durch Laien angewiesen. Ihre Sicherheit erforderte eine zumindest rudimentär befriedete Gesellschaft mit ökonomischem Überschuss. Erstmals gelang dies dem indischen Kaiser Aśoka (304 – 232 v. Chr.). Er wurde in Südostasien zum Modell des buddhistischen Herrschers, der die Religion notfalls gewaltsam schützt. Damit war die Idee des gerechten Krieges zum Schutz der Religion geboren.

Dieser Pfad führte bis zu aktuellen rassistischen Übergriffen gegen Andersgläubige. Vor einigen Jahren äußerte sich ein hochrangiger Mönch in Sri Lanka wie folgt: »Was können wir tun? Wir müssen die Kinder töten. Sie werden LTTE-Kämpfer, dann töten sie uns und zerstören den Buddhismus.« Hier werden Tötungen tamilischer Sri Lankaner mit Verweis auf die tamilische Guerilla LTTE legitimiert. Die tamilische Minderheit wird als Feindin der singhalesischen Bevölkerungsmehrheit und des sri-lankischen Buddhismus definiert. Ein Zitat des Myanma-Mönches Sitagu Sayadaw relativiert ebenfalls das Tötungsverbot: »Obwohl du Millionen von Menschen getötet hast, waren es nur eineinhalb echte Menschen.«

Sind solche Äußerungen Ausnahmen? Legitimierung der Gewalt existiert in der mündlichen Überlieferung: Buddhas Schüler Ananda zeichnete angeblich dessen Predigten auf und verbreitete sie. Ananda erbot sich, unter Inkaufnahme schlechten Karmas die Religion auch gewaltsam zu verteidigen. Aus dieser Tradition wurden in Südostasien ausgedehnte Kriege und Raubzüge gegen andere buddhistische Reiche geführt, die angeblich nicht der Lehre genügten.

Eine Rechtfertigung religiöser Gewalt findet sich im buddhistischen Kanon, d.h. in den Lehrreden Buddhas, nicht, dagegen in einem singhalesischen Epos aus dem 5./6. Jahrhundert, dem Mahāvaṁsa. Es beschreibt die – angeblich auf Tatsachen beruhende – Befreiung Sri Lankas vom Tamil-Hindu König Elara durch Dutthagāmani (2. Jh. v. Chr.). Am Ende ist Dutthagāmani schockiert über die Kriegstoten. Aber die Mönche beruhigen ihn: Er habe nicht Menschen erschlagen, sondern nur Tiere; keiner der Toten sei Buddhist gewesen.

In Sri Lanka wurde das Mahāvaṁsa teilweise als Erzählung über die Etablierung eines singhalesischen Buddhismus gelesen. Dies ist etwa so, als betrachte man heutzutage Berichte über die Kreuzzüge als religiös fundierte und zum Handeln verpflichtende Texte. Wichtig ist die Umkehrung der Wahrnehmung: Im 19. Jahrhundert wurde die Erzählung als großes Narrativ nationaler singhalesischer Hegemonie gelesen. Heute wird sie als religiös-doktrinärer Text interpretiert, der nationale Ansprüche legitimiert.

 

Aufstieg und Fall des Säkularismus

Ostern 2019 verübten muslimische Selbstmordattentäter in Sri Lanka Anschläge auf Kirchen und Hotels mit hunderten Toten. Die Täter wurden rasch als lokale Muslims identifiziert. Für radikale buddhistische Gruppen rechtfertigten die Anschläge wiederum neue Gewalttaten gegenüber muslimischen, aber auch tamilischen und christlichen Menschen. Fundamentalismus einer Religion findet oft seine Entsprechung im Fundamentalismus einer anderen.

Fundamentalistischer Buddhismus wird heute sowohl in Sri Lanka als auch in Myanmar benutzt, um ethnische/nationale Identität religiös zu markieren. Dabei hatte bereits die Kolonialzeit in beiden Ländern antikoloniale Laienbewegungen zur ‚Rettung’ der Religion hervorgebracht. Von ihnen erhoffte man sich neben dem Kulturerhalt auch ganz dezidiert die Rückgewinnung der Unabhängigkeit. Die postkolonialen Verfassungen beider Länder waren allerdings säkular. Nach der Unabhängigkeit verbanden sich alte Feindbilder mit notwendig enttäuschten Erwartungen. Man benötigte Schuldige für die zerstörten Hoffnungen. Religiöse Identität wandelte sich in Feindseligkeit gegenüber dem ethnisch-religiös Anderen. Seit 1956 und während des Bürgerkrieges war es in Sri Lanka vor allem der Saṅgha, die Mönchsgemeinschaft, der Religion und Ethnie gleichsetzte. Konzessionen an die TamilInnen würden demnach den singhalesischen Staat und Buddhismus zerstören. Damit einher ging die Forderung, den Buddhismus zur Staatsreligion zu machen.

In Myanmar, damals Burma, erklärte Premierminister U Nu 1961, auch auf Druck des Saṅgha, den Buddhismus zur Staatsreligion. U Nu’s buddhistische Glaubwürdigkeit schützte ihn nicht vor dem Zorn radikaler Mönche, da die Verfassung weiterhin Religionsfreiheit vorsah. Die Unruhen infolge des Gesetzes führten zum Militärputsch 1962 und zur Gesetzesannullierung. Auch gegenwärtig liegt in beiden Ländern die Betonung auf der ethnisch-religiösen Einheit. Der damalige sri-lankische Präsident Rajapaksa betonte im Mai 2009, dass die TamilInnen in Sri Lanka nur mit singhalesischer Duldung existieren. In Myanmar wiederum traten 2015 die ‚Race and Religion Protection Laws‘ in Kraft, die Konversion und interkonfessionelle Heiraten erschweren und die Kinderzahl bestimmter Ethnien begrenzen.

 

Neue Kampfverbände und alte Mythen

In beiden Ländern entstanden im letzten Jahrzehnt radikale buddhistische Organisationen. In Sri Lanka war das etwa die Bodu Bala Sena (BBS/Buddhas machtvolle Armee), die den Sinhala-Buddhismus ‚schützen‘ will; in Myanmar MaBaTha (Verband zum Schutz von Rasse, Buddha und Religion). Beide zeichnen sich vor allem durch Angriffe auf die muslimische, in Sri Lanka auch auf die tamilische und christliche Minderheit aus und genießen erheblichen gesellschaftlichen Rückhalt. Dies beruht auf alten Ressentiments und neuen Ängsten. Letztere hängen teilweise mit realen Missständen zusammen, wie etwa die schlechten Arbeitsbedingungen sri-lankischer Hausmädchen in den sunnitischen Golfstaaten. Während die BBS hier keine Lösung anbietet, war es in Myanmar MaBaTha, die auf die Verabschiedung der ‚Race and Religion Protection Laws‘ drängte. Die verbalen und physischen Angriffe auf die Rohingya sind eine daraus folgende, obwohl nicht notwendige Entwicklung.

Hielte man sich nur an die Lehre, wäre religiöse Gewalt illegitim. Die Rechtfertigung von Gewalt wird aus lokalen oder regionalen Quellen gezogen, die dabei ihren herrschaftlichen Kontext einspeisen. Obwohl Buddhismus als Weltreligion verstanden wird, sind seine Manifestationen, sein Gebrauch und die Verwendung für politische Zwecke stark lokal oder ethnisch gefärbt.

Religionisierung der Politik entsteht aus der Lokalisierung von Religion zugunsten regionaler politischer und wirtschaftlicher Interessen und Ziele. Hier beginnt der Fundamentalismus, nämlich mit der Frage, wem das ‚gute und fromme Leben‘ zusteht. Das hat mit der Rückkehr zu den Ursprüngen von Lehre oder Glauben wenig zu tun. Vielmehr geht es um soziale und ökonomische Privilegien aufgrund ethnisch interpretierter Religionszugehörigkeit; und um Religion als öffentlichen Lebensstil und Moral. Religionisierung der Politik in Richtung Fundamentalismus ist eine Bewegung von unten, eine Bewegung tatsächlicher oder gefühlter VerliererInnen. Sie ist die Forderung an den Staat, das gute Leben für die Auserwählten zu sichern. Daraus folgt das Recht, diese Teilhabe nichtzugehörigen Gruppen zu verweigern. Hier liegt die Saat religiös geheiligter Gewalt gegen Ausgeschlossene, die in den genannten Ländern prächtig aufgegangen ist.

 

 

Dagmar Hellmann-Rajanayagam ist Lehrbeauftragte in der Abteilung Südostasienstudien der Universität Passau sowie Mitarbeiterin beim Erasmus+ Projekt der Abteilung.

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Defending the Perimeter Isn’t Enough on Election Hacking

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Defending the Perimeter Isn’t Enough on Election Hacking(Bloomberg Opinion) -- The U.S. is now just a year from the 2020 presidential election. In 2016, we saw foreign interests influence the outcome of a presidential race when Russian hackers infiltrated the computer networks of officials in both parties, and then selectively disseminated the emails of Democrats. Is the nation in better shape to counter such threats this time around?It doesn’t look like it.For example, Microsoft recently reported an attack by Iranian hackers on the emails of current and former U.S. government officials, journalists covering political campaigns, and accounts associated with a presidential campaign. There is reason to believe that the attack, which consisted of more than 2,700 attempts on targeted email accounts, was backed by the Iranian government.According to security researchers and intelligence officials, hackers from Russia and North Korea have also begun targeting organizations that work closely with 2020 presidential candidates.Foreign enemies continue to see U.S. elections as an opportunity to subvert the will of the American people and exert control over our governance at the highest level. This most recent Iranian attack is a reminder that both political organizations and private enterprises face significant cybersecurity risks.Unfortunately, the legacy electoral systems most voters and organizations rely on do not offer sufficient protection in the modern digital landscape. When facing nation-state adversaries with billions in funding and information resources to rival the U.S. National Security Agency, Americans have to think beyond the popular two-factor authentication protocols. We need to protect not only the voting systems themselves, but the email, file-sharing and other communication systems of ancillary campaign groups, local officials and plenty more.What can we do to defend ourselves better? In my military and cyber experience, the operating principle is that the sophisticated attacker will eventually find a way through any perimeter defense. As supreme allied commander of NATO in the late 2000s, I pushed to strengthen the alliance’s nascent Cyber Defense Center in Tallinn, Estonia — but saw firsthand how easily Russian hackers penetrated our digital perimeter.Protections must be designed so that even if the attacker succeeds in getting to the target, the target remains safe. To do so, we need to think in terms of four core principles for secure communication systems that will be resilient to the inevitable breach.First, systems must employ end-to-end encryption. (Disclosure: I serve on the board of an information-security firm, Preveil Llc.) If we assume that attackers will be able to exploit vulnerabilities in server software or the defense mechanisms that guard it, then the only way to keep information secure is to make sure that it’s never exposed, even while on the server. With end-to-end encryption, data is only accessible to the sender and the recipient — it isn’t accessible en route to the server or on the server. Even if the server is compromised, the data is not. Think of this as the difference between working in an Ebola environment in a body suit, which will eventually weaken at the seams, and being vaccinated against the disease. The perimeter defense is far from worthless, but the vaccine — the internal protection — is vastly better. A second concern is the vulnerability of anything in the system that becomes a juicy target. While end-to-end encryption eliminates the server as a single entity that can be compromised, if the system has administrators with global access, a high-yield single target for attackers remains. To solve this problem, access to large amounts of sensitive user data should be granted only after being approved by several trusted individuals. Similar to the systems used for nuclear-launch codes, encryption cryptography can break up individual user keys into fragments that are distributed among multiple people. Therefore, administrative access to users’ accounts is achieved only when all key shards are present, so there is no single administrator who attackers can compromise to gain access.Third, it’s time to do away with passwords. According to the report of the 2019 Verizon data breach investigations, 80% of hacking-related breaches involve compromised and weak credentials. Rather than depending on fallible passwords, secure communication systems should now grant account access using a private encryption key. A 256-bit encryption key has a lot of different possible combinations of characters — nearly 10 to the 78th power, the same as the number of atoms in the universe — and is not crackable with existing computational power. Because the key is stored only on the user’s physical device, remote access isn’t possible.Finally, it is important to protect the most sensitive communications from socially engineered phishing and spoofing attacks. Traditional digital communications provide an opening for impostors to trick users into clicking on dangerous links or leaking information. When only known users are able to communicate with each other about an organization’s most confidential information, that risk of “lookalike” accounts is eliminated. The strongest security systems don’t depend on users to be perfect, or to always exercise good judgment. They make sure that data is safe even when humans are flawed. Getting at this “insider threat” is crucial.Security is a serious matter for organizations of all types, not just political parties during an election season. Organizations should rethink their security preparedness with a deeper understanding of the adversaries’ capabilities. They need to make the shift to secure systems modeled around these four core principles — including adopting ready-to-use encrypted communications systems for email and file-sharing.Between now and Nov. 3, 2020, there should be few higher priorities than improving security to stop hackers and foreign powers from threatening American democracy itself.To contact the author of this story: James Stavridis at jstavridis@bloomberg.netTo contact the editor responsible for this story: Tobin Harshaw at tharshaw@bloomberg.netThis column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners.James Stavridis is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist. He is a retired U.S. Navy admiral and former supreme allied commander of NATO, and dean emeritus of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. He is also an operating executive consultant at the Carlyle Group and chairs the board of counselors at McLarty Associates.For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.com/opinion©2019 Bloomberg L.P.



          

Universel Dhistoire Et De Gaaographie Contenant 1 Lhistoire Proprement Dite 2 La Biographie Universelle 3 La Mythologie 4 La Gaaographie Ancienne Et Moderne Vol 1 1867

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Universel Dhistoire Et De Gaaographie Contenant 1 Lhistoire Proprement Dite 2 La Biographie Universelle 3 La Mythologie 4 La Gaaographie Ancienne Et Moderne Vol 1 1867
          

Dune Histoire Universelle Au Point De Vue Cosmopolitique Reponse A La Question

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Dune Histoire Universelle Au Point De Vue Cosmopolitique Reponse A La Question
          

Crazy Eights — Getting the dirty on the League of Infamy with Sophie Williams

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Mantic is known for their miniatures games, from their Walking Dead skirmish games to Deadzone and Hellboy The Board Game. They also have the Kings of War universe that Dungeon Saga is set in. Now Mantic is turning the dungeon crawl genre on its head with League of Infamy, which is currently funding on Kickstarter. […]
          

The Year of Potter

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I now live in a parallel universe where the magical world of Harry Potter is alive and well. Every day is full of Quidditch matches in the yard, magical duels in the house, and an unceasing litany of preference questions regarding every last detail of the fictional world created by J.K. Rowling. Last January, as the pollution levels rose higher and higher, Momma S and …
          

Sunday 3 November

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Sunday 3 November

31st Sunday of Ordinary Time Wisdom 11:22-12:2; Psalm 145; 2 Thessalonians 1:11-2:2; Luke 19: 1-10 Our Father Standing outside in the dark of the night, looking up at the stars, we can feel dwarfed by the immensity of the universe. Yet the author of Wisdom likens this universe to a ‘drop of morning dew that […]

Marist Messenger - A Catholic Monthly Magazine


          

The steady decline to lowest common denominator

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I guess we have to criticize the laws of the universe, those annoying and inviolate laws of science and the basic engineering fundamentals for not taking account of the inability of those "leading” the functions of the built environment development and essential skills training in South Africa to achieve the standards required to meet these laws. Why uphold compliance with nature’s laws when it is much easier to change the need for them by a politically driven relaxation? It is clearly far easier to decide to set regulations for practitioners and contractors to use the surplus numbers of unqualified persons to be awarded government contracts for purposes of building the infrastructure.

After all, with this policy and approach we can meet the necessary political targets which seem to be far more important than ensuring compliance with structural, life-cycle and safety standards that have evolved over decades of proven engineering practice. We must learn to be satisfied with our new-found decrees from those that rule, and we can even indulge in some self-praise when we comment "……that bridge was nearly strong enough……… we were quite close really”.

So, in keeping with the above aspiration to continue our acceptance of adjusted standards and drive for the common denominator leading to "a better life for all”, the Minister, ably assisted by the cidb, has recently decreed the following”

"The key amendments include the removal of the requirement for contractors to have registered professionals in their permanent employ; this is to be removed as it is not viable to have such professionals in a contractor’s full-time employ". "The requirement for the Registered Professional is therefore being moved from a contractor registration requirement to a contract management requirement as a condition of contract”.

Essentially, the roles of the Professional Engineer, Technologist and Technician will now effectively be subservient to that of the registered Construction Manager on matters where professional engineering judgment is required. I guess with the comedy of the self-inflicted war games that have been played out between ECSA and the CBE over the important subject of Identification of Engineering Work (IDoEW), not much more could have been expected. Those unregistered Engineers or at least those practicing as such can continue to act without any fear of liability as the rules that govern registration, ethics and safe practice do not apply to them. The IDoEW deliberations commenced in 2006. It’s now 2013 and we are still counting. The profession has messed about arguing while we witness a steady entropic decline in the built environment.

On the topic of training of young Engineers in industry, I thought I would recall some gems that arose in 2012 whilst endeavouring to persuade certain employers to consider taking on basically good candidates and provide some development and experience to assist feeding talent into the skills pool.

"We do not have the time, the money or the systems to train anyone. Just find us a qualified and experienced Engineer. We need a PDI between 30 and 35, with 15 years experience as an Engineering Manager”. (Allowed cost to company will remain undisclosed here to protect the guilty.)

"We do not have time to train or develop anyone into this specialized role. Please find us fully qualified candidates who can hit the ground running”. No acceptable candidates have emerged to date.

Cyril Ramaphosa has confirmed that the ANC policy is to spend R845 billion on infrastructure in the next 3 years. I found that his recent TV interview conveyed blind optimism and was most unconvincing. I can only assume that he does not know that he does not know what is needed to do that properly. Professional government and provincial owners’ teams and supply contractor capacity appear not to feature in his model.

Anyone who cares about developing professional engineering skills should be made aware of the new candidate training curriculum that will be instituted by ECSA and the Voluntary Engineering Associations in April 2013. It identifies the exit level outcomes that define the professional and will be the fastest and most effective route to competence and registration that can be envisaged.


          

Mercury transit is coming to a sky near you Monday. And it won't happen again until 2032. - USA TODAY

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  1. Mercury transit is coming to a sky near you Monday. And it won't happen again until 2032.  USA TODAY
  2. This solar system event only happens 13 times a century. Here's how to watch it in Arizona  AZCentral
  3. Rare transit of Mercury to occur next week  WSVN 7News | Miami News, Weather, Sports | Fort Lauderdale
  4. Don't Miss Monday's Rare Transit of Mercury  Sky & Telescope
  5. A Transit Of Mercury Told Us The Scale Of The Universe  Forbes
  6. View full coverage on Google News

          

LISTEN: ABC Song Has Been Changed & It's Completely Insane

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Warning. One listen and you'll feel like you live in a parallel universe. Continue reading…
          

Adiabatic Dark Matter Density Cusps Around Supermassive Black Holes and Dark Matter Detection

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The growth of a black hole surrounded by dark matter can lead to a significant enhance- ment of the dark matter density close to the hole. We investigate this effect, focusing on the phenomenologically interesting case where the black hole is supermassive and is embedded in a galactic dark matter halo, although the formalism developed does not depend on that fact. Due to the enhanced gravitational potential, the dark matter will tend to cluster around the black hole. The precise details of this clustering will, in general, depend on the formation process of the black hole. However, if the black hole grows slowly with respect to the orbital timescales of the local galactic potential, the density cusp only depends on the black hole’s mass and spin, as well as on the local distribution of orbits. The density cusp generated by the growing black hole is called an adiabatic spike. In the context of dark matter density cusps, these spikes were first investigated by Gondolo and Silk (1999), using a phase space analysis. General relativistic effects originating from the black hole’s mass were calculated by Sadeghian, Ferrer, and Will (2013), revealing an enhancement of the density in the spike. Our work extends this calculation to include the effects of spin. We find a further enhancement to the spike that is strongly dependent on the black hole’s spin parameter, meaning that it cannot be ignored for rapidly spinning black holes. We estimate its impact in local annihilation rates for two particular physical processes: particle dark matter annihilation in the s-channel, and the merger rate of binaries composed of primordial black holes in the local universe. We also present a derivation of the two-body collision rate per four-volume in terms of the phase space distribution that can be used in any coordinate system.


          

Universel Et Colonisation 1848 1852 Oruno D

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Universel Et Colonisation 1848 1852 Oruno D
          

Maal Et Le Fouta Message Local Et Patrimoine Universel Amadou

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Maal Et Le Fouta Message Local Et Patrimoine Universel Amadou
          

'A Marvelous Life' Holds Stan Lee High As The Man Who Made Superheroes Matter

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Stan Lee attends the premiere of "Captain America: Civil War" at Dolby Theatre on April 12, 2016 in Hollywood, Calif.
Stan Lee attends the premiere of "Captain America: Civil War" at Dolby Theatre on April 12, 2016 in Hollywood, Calif.
Jason LaVeris / FilmMagic

In 2018, Marvel Studios released Black Panther. The film grossed 1.3 billion dollars and was nominated for 7 Oscars including Best Picture (a first time for a superhero film).

Beyond the money and awards, the release of Black Panther was a global event. The story of a super-powered African king, leader of the most technologically advanced nation on Earth, allowed the film to address racism and the history of colonial oppression in entirely new and unexpected ways. If anyone was still raising questions about comics mattering for culture, Black Panther meant the definitive end of the argument. Marvel comics and their characters were culture.

So how did we get here? How did superhero comics, the supposed realm of nerdy teenagers, end up conquering the world?

The answer, in many ways, comes down to a single name — Stan Lee. Across a lifetime of creativity, collaboration and endless hustle, Stan Lee saw possibilities no else could imagine and made them real. And if you want to understand how Lee and Marvel did it, Danny Fingeroth's new book A Marvelous Life is the place to start. As a lifelong fan of Spider-Man, The X-Men, Star-Lord and the rest, it was delightful introduction to a guy I'd never met but felt I'd known my whole life.

Fingeroth, who did his own award-winning time at Marvel, begins by laying out the contours of Stan Lee's early life as the son of a Jewish New York immigrant family (Lee was born in 1922 as Stanley Martin Lieber). Through the 1950s, Lee managed to build a solid if unimpressive career working in comics. But then in the late 1950s, the comics industry crashed as TV gave teenage boys a different venue for their interests. By 1960, Lee felt stymied and trapped. He was planning on quitting comics once and for all to do something "important." It was that frustration that led Stan Lee to what Fingeroth calls "a midlife crisis heard 'round the world."

Seeing that other publishers were having some success reviving superhero teams, Lee's boss tasked him with coming up with a new comic. Lee took the assignment, but he didn't just want to create just another group of costumed do-gooders. Instead, he set out to imagine a different vision what it meant to be a superhero.

In this and the work that followed, Lee asked himself what would happen if an ordinary person got superpowers. Would it make their lives better or would it make them harder? What Lee was picturing were superheroes who weren't gods from another world or perfect, infallible examples of human righteousness. Instead, he wanted stories of flawed men and women, full of neurosis and anguish, who suddenly found they could fly or stretch or punch their way through brick walls. What would happen then?

What happened was The Fantastic Four. And then The Hulk. And then Thor and Spiderman and Doctor Strange and Iron Man and The X-men. Over the next few years, Lee along with the equally legendary Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko, managed to create a large fraction of what we now call the Marvel Universe. Many of the characters had huge, real-life challenges like Tony Stark (aka Iron Man) and his drinking problem. That meant these characters lived in a recognizable world. "I wanted to make it as realistic as possible" says Lee in an interview quoted in the book. "Instead of [superheroes] living in Gotham City or Metropolis, I felt I will have them live in New York City." Just as important, these new Marvel characters lived in the same world where they crossed paths, formed alliances (or broke them), had romances (and broke those too), all of which formed one, giant, seamless story.

It wasn't just the stories that were new. Lee saw something few others could recognize — a nascent adult audience for superhero comics. Rather than just a backwater of teenage fantasy, Lee understood that with the right stories, superhero comics could gain relevance in the rapidly emerging world of ever-present mass media. Then Lee went further. He not only saw the change coming, he understood how to become its personification.

Most folks only know Stan Lee through his charming and quirky cameos in modern Marvel films. But if you were serious about comics back in the day (for me "the day" was the mid-1970s when I was 11 years old), Stan Lee was a constant presence. One of Lee's great innovations in Marvel comics was to develop a relationship with his readers through the "Bullpen Bulletins." These were a kind of editor's news and information page where Lee drew back the curtain to let you see what was happening at Marvel's offices. And as Lee described it, something amazing was always happening including the occasional visit from a rock star or famous movie director who'd popped by to express their Marvel admiration.

That was Lee's genius. "Little by little [he] was making himself and Marvel into celebrities" writes Fingeroth. By becoming a regular presence within Marvel's pages Lee was "mythologizing what he and his peers did for a living, making himself and them as important as the characters whose stories they told." But Lee was making us, his readers part of that story too. He was convincing us that we, too, were part of something very important just by buying those slim volumes of The Avengers, Silver Surfer or Nick Fury and His Howling Commandos.

A Marvelous Life gives us strong insights into the forces that drove Lee and Marvel to success. But Stan Lee was also a complex man who could be both beloved and reviled. In particular, Lee's conflicts with collaborators, who felt he had stolen credit for their work, is also an important part of his story. This was particularly true for Jack Kirby. Fingeroth spends some time in the book unpacking Lee's long running dispute with Kirby and others. He also mentions abuse allegations previously noted by media. These sections were not particularly compelling to me, but they are an important part of Lee's legacy and Fingeroth handles them with grace.

One small criticism of the book is that it tells us very little of Lee's response to the founding and runaway success of Marvel Studios (beginning with Iron Man in 2008). That seems a strange omission given how much of Lee's later story is him trying to get Hollywood to pick up Marvel properties.

Taken as a whole though, A Marvelous Life is a must-read for anyone who wants to understand how Stan Lee set Marvel on the path to world domination (in a good way).

Adam Frank is an astrophysics professor at the University of Rochester and author of Light of the Stars: Alien Worlds and the Fate of the Earth. You can find more from Adam here: @adamfrank4.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.
Story does not include AP content Books Arts Normal
          

Moskau kommentiert Verbannung russischer Medien von Londoner Konferenz über Pressefreiheit

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Russlands Außenamt hat die Verbannung russischer Diplomaten und Journalisten von der Globalen Konferenz für Medienfreiheit in London kommentiert. Das Hauptziel ist laut dem russischen Außenminister Sergej Lawrow, universelle Freiheitsstandards zu verwässern sowie das Einführen einer politischen Zensur.
          

Avengers: Infinity War

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The Avengers and their allies must be willing to sacrifice all in an attempt to defeat the powerful Thanos before his blitz of devastation and ruin puts an end to the universe. PG-13 Check it’s Availability! DVDB 1861
          

Of Balboas & Creeds

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Rocky cinematic universe, ranked

  1. Creed
  2. Rocky
  3. Rocky IV
  4. Rocky II
  5. Rocky Balboa
  6. Rocky III
  7. Creed II
  8. Rocky V

          

Marvel Cinematic Universe

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Over/Underrated in Notes

  1. Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2

    UNDERRATED: outer space hangout comedy that prioritizes character moments over violence. high rewatchability factor, genuinely moving ending

  2. Iron Man 3

    UNDERRATED: psychologically thoughtful (though maybe not incisive) and about as politically radical as the MCU can get. full of some wicked Shane Black subversiveness, esp. in its LETHAL WEAPON back half

  3. Black Panther

    OVERRATED: the most historical & cultural complexity of any Marvel, but you can feel the Disney politics and house style smothering Coogler's auteurism at times

  4. Ant-Man and the Wasp

    UNDERRATED: got shafted for being so fluffy post-INFINITY WAR but this is the most kind-hearted MCU picture and it actually has some mild visual wit! a welcome lark, up until that credits scene

  5. Doctor Strange

    UNDERRATED: bad "racial optics" aside it's nice to see a superhero who is spiritual, who heals people, and who uses his mind to thwart villains rather than force. cool VFX too

  6. Thor

    UNDERRATED: forget the dutch angles & low rent effects, this one's got a sub-Shakespearean emotional core that puts the rest of the series to shame. clearly i like these personal stories about men having to temper their toxicity and learn selflessness, for some odd reason...

  7. Captain America: The Winter Soldier

    OVERRATED: this film is dumber-minded than it thinks and uglier-looking than people seem to realize. but it never stops moving, which is nice, and it has a lot of practical stunts!

  8. Avengers: Age of Ultron

    UNDERRATED: weirder, messier, and more distinctive than anything else in the entire franchise. a too-sprawling fuck-up of a film that exhilarates and bores in equal measure

  9. Ant-Man

    OVERRATED: if this weren't in 16:9 and didn't have that dreadful Falcon bit i'd consider bumping my rating up half a star. also shut the fuck up about Luis and watch OBSERVE AND REPORT, posers!

  10. Guardians of the Galaxy

    OVERRATED: Ronan The Accuser more like Ronan The Snoozer thank you very much

...plus 13 more. View the full list on Letterboxd.


          

Critical Pieces Of New Casinos 2019 Gets

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Critical Pieces Of New Casinos 2019 Gets Gambling is usually registered as it could be habit-forming. This isn’t plenty of time or perhaps place undertake a huge discussion regarding destructive addictions, but once it’ersus adequate in the Universe Healthiness Organisation it’erinarians up to scratch designed for us. Not to mention it must be good enough […]

Posting Critical Pieces Of New Casinos 2019 Gets ditampilkan lebih awal di Obat Kanker.


          

Systems Administrator (Linux/Unix)

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Peraton is looking for a System Administrator  who will be responsible for designing and maintaining multiple Red Hat Linux, Sun Solaris, and HP-UX servers and workstations for varied projects on site.  The position is located at the NASA White Sands Complex in Las Cruces, NM. Peraton is the prime contractor for NASA at the White Sands Complex (WSC) near Las Cruces, New Mexico. Operating here are two functionally identical satellite ground terminals: The White Sands Ground Terminal, and the Second TDRSS Ground Terminal. These ground terminals ensure uninterrupted communications between various ground stations, NASA’s orbiting fleet of Tracking and Data Relay Satellites (TDRS), customer spacecraft (satellites), and the computer systems that support such spacecraft. WSC serves as an interface for distributing satellite data to control centers and scientists who then use the daily influx of data to expand our ever-growing knowledge of the Earth and the universe. What you’ll do… Designs, develops, programs, installs, tests, documents, implements, conducts research for and maintains computer systems and utilities. Analyzes internal or external customer’s needs, and determines equipment and software requirements for solutions to problems by means of automated systems. Develops customized solutions to customer/user problems. Establishes system parameters and formats, ensures hardware and software compatibility, and coordinates and/or modifies user requirements in terms of existing and projected computer capacity and capabilities. Revises existing systems and procedures to correct deficiencies and maintain more effective data handling, conversion, input/output requirements, and storage. Maintains smooth operation of a multi-user computer system, including local area networks. May include setting up user accounts, maintaining documentation and installing system-wide software and allocation of mass storage space. Coordinates electronic office systems activities. Recommends HW/SW purchases and coordinates installation. Trains users. Contributes to the development of policies and monitors policies and standards for allocation and use. Develop and maintain disaster recovery plan for area of responsibility. Carries out responsibilities in compliance within established security guidelines. Additional skillsets and responsibilities: Prior Red Hat Enterprise (RHEL) system administration experience, including RPM patch management (Spacewalk experience a plus) Shell scripting Best practices for system security hardening. Prior Sun Solaris and HP-UX system administration experience, including Operating system patch management PERL or shell scripting Server cluster management Best practices for system security hardening. Knowledge of distributed file systems and disk quota management Experience with MS Windows and RHEL system hardening, patching, and remediation Experience with server monitoring, capacity management, and event alert response Experience with system event log configuration Basic knowledge of packet routing, and firewall maintenance Experience with VMWare product suite, including Experience with MS Project and SharePoint a strong plus Experience with VMWare product suite a strong plus, including: ESXi server infrastructure vCenter configuration and management vMotion configuration and management You’d be a great fit if you have… A Bachelor’s degree (or equivalent) in computer science, or other related science. 1 years’ experience with Linux operating system, including terminal command line familiarity. 1 years’ experience working with cyber (IT) security concepts. The ability to obtain a Secret security clearance. It’d be even better if you have… Completed Security + certification. 1 years' experience with Sun Solaris and/or HP-UX operating systems. Experience, or ability to learn in a large scale, dynamic environment requiring immediate problem response. Experience in root cause analysis. Experience in performing credentialed scans utilizing Tenable Nessus Pro Suite. Experience with Solaris or HP-UX not required, but a plus. What you’ll get… An immediately-vested 401(K) with employer matching Comprehensive medical, dental, and vision coverage Tuition assistance, financing, and refinancing Company-paid infertility treatments Cross-training and professional development opportunities The ability to influence major initiatives. SECURITY CLEARANCE This position requires the candidate to be able to obtain and maintain a secret security clearance.  In order to obtain a clearance you need to be a US Citizen and show proof of citizenship. We are an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. We consider applicants without regard to race, color, religion, age, national origin, ancestry, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, marital status, veteran status, disability, genetic information, citizenship status, or membership in any other group protected by federal, state, or local law.
          

The Thirty Meter Telescope Can Show Us the Universe. But at What Cost?

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Locating a telescope on a sacred mountain is one more injustice against Native Hawaiian culture.
          

Systems Engineer

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Peraton has an opening for a Spacecraft Systems Engineer  at the White Sands Complex in Las Cruces, NM. The Spacecraft Systems Engineer will join a team of engineers dedicated to maintaining the health and safety of the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) fleet. Peraton is the prime contractor for NASA at the White Sands Complex (WSC) near Las Cruces, New Mexico. Operating here are two functionally identical satellite ground terminals: The White Sands Ground Terminal, and the Second TDRSS Ground Terminal. These ground terminals ensure uninterrupted communications between various ground stations, NASA’s orbiting fleet of Tracking and Data Relay Satellites (TDRS), customer spacecraft (satellites), and the computer systems that support such spacecraft. WSC serves as an interface for distributing satellite data to control centers and scientists who then use the daily influx of data to expand our ever-growing knowledge of the Earth and the universe. What you’ll do… Perform daily monitoring and trending of TDRS spacecraft state-of-health data. Develop procedures for performing spacecraft activities, including battery management, station-keeping maneuvers, and momentum unloads. Lead spacecraft activities as a Test Conductor, providing engineering guidance to the Satellite Controllers. Perform payload performance tests to verify the TDRS payload is meeting required specifications. Analyze and identify spacecraft anomaly root causes, then plan and execute recovery actions. As experience is gained, provide on-the-job training to peers. Occasional work during nights or weekends is required when executing activities or anomaly recoveries. Other duties as assigned. You’d be a great fit if you have… A Bachelor’s degree in Aerospace Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, or science and 0-2 years of relative experience. The ability to obtain a secret security clearance. It’d be even better if you have… Active Secret security clearance. MS degree in Aerospace Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, or related field. 1+ years of experience in digital signal processing. Proficiency with Systems Tool Kit, FreeFlyer, MATLAB, Python, or LabVIEW. Previous spacecraft operations, design, or test experience. Experience with spectrum analyzers, oscilloscopes, power sensors, and/or other RF equipment. Demonstrated written and oral communication skills, including ability to communicate effectively with peers and TDRS management. Experience with MS Office Suite (Excel, Word, PowerPoint). What you’ll get… An immediately-vested 401(K) with employer matching Comprehensive medical, dental, and vision coverage Tuition assistance, financing, and refinancing Company-paid infertility treatments Cross-training and professional development opportunities The ability to influence major initiatives. SECURITY CLEARANCE This position requires the candidate to be able to obtain and maintain a secret security clearance.  In order to obtain a clearance you need to be a US Citizen and show proof of citizenship. We are an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. We consider applicants without regard to race, color, religion, age, national origin, ancestry, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, marital status, veteran status, disability, genetic information, citizenship status, or membership in any other group protected by federal, state, or local law.
          

New Release Round-Up 11-01-19

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Cold War Kids - New Age Norms 1 -CWKTWO Corp. Over their career, Cold War Kids have fielded musics seismic shifts while simultaneously sticking to their own game plan. Over the course of a dozen releases including seven studio albums, multiple EPs, and a live album on majors and indies alike, non-stop tours and the festival circuits biggest stages, massive radio, sales & streaming successes, the band have become a major part of the modern landscape. Their new album New Age Norms 1 , with lead single Complainer is the next chapter with the approach of taking apart the idea of what the band is and just trying to take the doors off a bit to see where it can go.

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Hootie & The Blowfish - Imperfect Circle -Capitol Nashville The celebrated 90's and early 2000's group Hootie & The Blowfish releasetheir newalbum, Imperfect Circle , thisweek. Their first in nearly 15 years. Includes the single Rollin'

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Bob Dylan - Travelin' Thru, 1967 - 1969: The Bootleg Series, Vol. 15 -Sony Legacy The latest chapter in the highly acclaimed Bob Dylan Bootleg Series revisits Dylan's pivotal musical journeys to Nashville, from 1967 to 1969, focusing on previously unavailable recordings made with Johnny Cash and unreleased tracks from the John Wesley Harding, Nashville Skyline, and Self Portrait sessions. LP 1 finds Dylan in Columbia's Studio A in Nashville recording alternate versions of compositions written for John Wesley Harding (October 17 and November 6, 1967) and Nashville Skyline (February 13-14, 1969) while introducing a new song "Western Road" (a Nashville Skyline outtake). LP's 2 and 3 are centered around Dylan's collaborations with American music icon Johnny Cash including the much sought-after Columbia Studio A sessions and on-stage performances at the Ryman Auditorium (May 1, 1969) for the recording of the premiere episode of The Johnny Cash Show (originally broadcast on ABC-TV on June 7, 1969). LP 3 closes with tracks recorded on May 17, 1970 with Grammy Award-winning bluegrass banjo legend Earl Scruggs for the PBS television special, "Earl Scruggs: His Family and Friends" (originally aired January 1971). Jeff Lynne's ELO - From Out Of Nowhere -Sony From Out Of Nowhere is the new album from Rock & Roll Hall of Famer and music legend Jeff Lynne , and follows up a remarkable run of sold out European and American tours. Jeff Lynnes ELO, whose music has touched fans deeply across three generations now, has found himself in recent years at the peak of his powers as a songwriter, musician and producer. This new collection features a buoyant title song which opens the ten-track record including the wistful Help Yourself to the celebratory Down Came the Rain to the churning rocker One More Time to the sweet closer, Songbird. As does its predecessor, 2015s Alone in the Universe , From Out Of Nowhere shows Lynne finding new facets to his signature sound, at once drawing on his globally loved legacy and forging new paths in both sounds and emotions. Once again, he plays nearly every note of the music on guitars, bass, piano, drums, keyboards and vibes, as well as singing all of the lead and layered harmony vocals. Steve Jay, who also engineered the album, adds some percussion. R.E.M. - Monster: 25th Anniversary Edition -Craft Recordings R.E.M. s ninth album, Monster , was released at a time when the band were coming off the peak of their mainstream success, following Out of Time (1991) and Automatic For The People (1992). Coming from a long break in touring (the band famously didnt tour with the two previous records), Monster represented an intentional shift in R.E.M.s sound, a return to rock with guitar laden, simple arrangements. It was released to strong reviews and significant global success - reaching #1 on Billboard, and least 7 other countries. In 1995 the band promoted that album with their first concert tour since 1989 (although several band members suffered health problems). The album includes the singles; Whats The Frequency, Kenneth?, Crush with Eyeliner, Bang and Blame, and Strange Currencies.Commemorating the albums 25th anniversary, original Producer Scott Litt re-approached R.E.M.s Monster by remixing the entire album. The original 1995 version was dense in guitars and feedback with the vocals mixed within the sonic wall, but on this alternative version the guitars are pulled back and the vocals pushed forward to create a more open sound and showcase often-revealing lyrics.The deluxe edition package also includes previously unreleased demos, a complete live performance, recorded from the Monster tour in Chicago on June 3, 1995, plus a Blu-ray disc which features the bands tour documentary Road Movie, five original music videos, as well as the complete remastered Monster album in 5.1 surround sound and hi-resolution audio.

Nirvana - MTV Unplugged In New York: 25th Anniversary Edition -Geffen Records Nirvana 's classic MTV Unplugged In New York album is getting a 25th anniversary vinyl reissue. Marking the iconic lives set's first pressing as a double LP, the new edition features five rehearsal performances that were previously available on only the DVD release.Among the rehearsals which were previously only available as bonus content on the MTV Unplugged in New York is a different take on the David Bowie cover The Man Who Sold the World, a version that finds both Nirvana and the production team finding their footing ahead of the concert. Rehearsal versions of Polly, Pennyroyal Tea, Come As You Are and the Meat Puppets Plateau are also included on the vinyls Side D.

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Jeff Goldblum & The Mildred Snitzer Orchestra - I Shouldn't Be Telling You This -Decca The Hollywood legend, coolest man on the planet and purveyor of fine jazz will release his second album in November on Decca Records. And this time hes bringing his friends. Jeff Goldblum has assembled an extraordinary gang of vocalists from all walks of musical life, some of whom are revealing their jazz voices for the very first time. The feel good jazz album of the year, featuring singers Sharon Van Etten, Fiona Apple, Inara George, Jeff Goldblum & Anna Calvi.

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Jon Batiste - Chronology Of A Dream: Live At The Village Vanguard -Verve This title was recorded live at the historic Village Vanguard in NYC in the Fall of 2018 during Jon Batiste s residency at the legendary space. It is the follow up to Anatomy of Angels, which is part 1 of this 2 part series. The music on Chronology Of A Dream: Live At The Village Vanguard is original, instrumental music (other than Soulful which is a tribute cover to Ray Hargrove) showcasing Batistes virtuosic and uplifting talent he uses to command a room, and an iconic one at that.

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Japanese Wallpaper - Glow -Nettwerk Records Japanese Wallpaper is Gab Strum, Melbourne-based dream pop producer, songwriter and artist. Gab blends shimmery synths, downtempo beats, and electronic influences with introspective, coming of age song themes to craft his brand of indie pop. Glow is the debut album from Japanese Wallpaper about navigating the simultaneously beautiful and incredibly awkward phase that is one's late teens, growing up and trying to figure out your place in the world. Produced by Grammy-winning producer Ben H. Allen (Walk the Moon, Animal Collective, Gnarls Barkley, Kaiser Chiefs, Cut Copy, Washed Out, Neon Indian),

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ALSO OUT THIS WEEK

CURRENT SINGLES/EPs

The Rolling Stones - Let it Bleed: 50th Anniversary Edition Miranda Lambert - Wildcard Michael Kiwanuka - KIWANUKA The Mavericks - Play The Hits The Doors - The Soft Parade: 50th Anniversary Omni - Networker Frail Body - A Brief Memoriam Nile - Vile Nilotic Rites Jay & Silent Bob Reboot Original Soundtrack Half Moon Run - A Blemish In The Great Light Voyager - Colours In The Sun Apollo Brown - Sincerely, Detroit Cup - Spinning Creature The Damned - Black Is the Night: The Definitive Anthology Nils Frahm - All Encores Van Halen - The Japanese Singles 1978-1984 R.Lum.R - Surfacing Anais Mitchell - Hadestown Original Broadway Cast Recording

& More .....

Coldplay - Arabesque / Orphans Bradford Cox / Cate Le Bon - Myths 004 EP Rayland Baxter - Good Mmornin EP Black Stone Cherry - Black To Blues: Volume 2 EP Pluralone - Shade Lady Antebellum - What Im Leaving For Prince - I Feel For You (Acoustic Demo) / I Feel For You Bishop Briggs - Champion

UPCOMING RELEASES

Fitted - First Fits -Org Music Fitted is a new project from Wire members Graham Lewis and Matthew Simms, with Mike Watt (Minutemen, Stooges, fIREHOSE) and drummer Bob Lee (Fearless Leader, The Freeks). The group first convened after just one practice to perform at Wires DRILL festival in 2017 at The Echo in Los Angeles. On their debut album, First Fits , the freewheelin' pysch-pop powerhouse plows through six numbers over the course of 38 minutes, with Lewis and Watt trading lead vocal duties. The album will be available on LP, CD, and digital formats beginning November 8th.

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Andrea Bocelli - Si Forever: The Diamond Edition -Decca The million-selling 2018 album reimagined to include 5 brand new tracks & including duets with Ellie Goulding, Ed Sheeran, Dua Lipa, Matteo Bocelli, Jennifer Garner and more.

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For more information on these and other releases out this week, check out our New Releases charts by week section.


          

marcas x lixo, a guerra nas sombras, origem da vida, Terra x exoplanetas, internet das coisas #sqn

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Why America isn’t equipped for the new rules of war https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614570/america-isnt-equipped-for-shadow-war-disinformation-sean-mcfate/#Echobox=1572894969 Why We Might Be Alone in the Universe https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8wa1l7M5gU8 Heads up from Internet of S*!# land: Best Buy’s Insignia ‘smart’ home gear will become very dumb this Wednesday https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/11/05/best_buy_iot/ From trash to gold: Big brands offer rewards to recyclers https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/11/04/from-trash-to-gold-big-brands-offer-rewards-to-recyclers.html Study: Darwin may have […]
          

This Too Shall Pass: One Last “Boo!”

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by Elinor Jones

Hello! Raise your hand if you’re ready to read the news while you can because print media is a dying industry! ...Um, hello? You ready? Okay, I don’t actually know what you’re doing, because this is a newspaper and I’m not watching you read it (OR AM I?), so I’m going to assume you’re all enthusiastically flailing your arms around like that one Kermit gif and that you desperately want to read about current-ish events that has been spiced up with my peppery commentary. Please, by all means, do allow me to throw down:


I Like Baseball Now!

I know everybody already knows about Trump getting booed at game five of the World Series last week, but I want to talk about it more because it was beautiful. Motherfucker got BOOED! Because everybody HATES! HIM! LOL. The DC home team, the Nationals, went on the win the World Series. I know baseball fans are notoriously superstitious so I can only assume that Nationals fans will now ceremoniously boo Trump ahead of every game from here on out. Forget your stupid popcorn and peanuts, this might be the tradition that gets me into baseball.


The Internet: Bad, Really Bad, and the Worst

Twitter and Facebook have been locked in a terrible game to see which can do the most harm to our mental health and national conscience, but last week Twitter moved into the least-bad position. First, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testified before Congress about the harm Facebook unleashes on democracy and got his ass 100 percent handed all the way back to him by many members of Congress, including millennial socialist superstar Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who pretty much got Zuck to admit that he’s gonna keep cashing all the checks—misinformation and malice be damned. Meanwhile, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced (in a tweet! Predictable.) that Twitter would not be running any political ads whatsoever anymore because they recognized it was too hard for users to differentiate between content they want and paid content that’s getting forcibly mashed into their brains. Twitter’s CFO went on to say “This decision was based on principle, not money.” Principles over money? On the internet? Sounds very fake news, but okay.

In another corner of the internet, principles lost handily to money: Gawker descendent sports-adjacent blog Deadspin was bought out by some tech bros a few months ago, who promptly missed the whole point of the site by demanding that writers “stick to sports” and then wantonly demolished staff morale to the point that every single writer and editor resigned en masse last week. Some of the best and smartest and silliest writers came from the Gawker universe; Deadspin was a holdout from a 2009-era internet that meant so much to so many of us, and it was destroyed because the jocks can’t stand that the nerds got cool. I really pity any writer who’s about to be looking for a job when so many of those extremely talented writers are pounding the same pavement! (This will be funny when you get to the end; keep going.)


In Local News

Oregon’s only GOP congressman, Greg Walden, announced that he will not seek reelection next year. He said he will be “seeking new challenges,” which is politician-speak for “becoming a lobbyist and getting richer than God [evil laugh].” I’m from Hood River, where Walden lives, and hereby call upon my former classmates who still live there to mercilessly bully him at Rosauers or the Ranch or wherever else he shows his face because he was one of the chief hacks of trying to overturn Obamacare and stood grinning like a cartoon villain behind Paul Ryan and Donald Trump, and the NRA loves him so we don’t like him. Bye, Greg! Enjoy being retired! (I.e. being harassed! [EVIL LAUGH.])

Locally, but also in big cities like New York, city leaders have a real bee in their bonnets about folks not paying their fare to use mass transit, and instead of just making it free, they’re spending buttloads of money to put up cameras, hire fare inspectors, and turn trains and buses into mobile police states. All this for God’s green TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS! So what? Who cares?! Here in Portland, TriMet announced that it’s hiring nine new fare inspectors. Allow me to flex some elementary school-level math: Let’s say each of those inspectors is making a low-ish starting wage for a government-adjacent employee of $45,000. Multiply that by nine and it’s $405,000 for one year. TriMet could have bought full, unlimited passes for 12 whole months for 1,205 low-income residents instead of paying nine narcs to harass people of color and anyone who looks poor. Now I will make this about me: I live on one end of one bus route from my office, but it’s somehow cheaper for me to gas, insure, and drive my Honda to and from work than it would be to take the bus, which I’d rather do. And if the city would prefer that I play my Sudoku while operating a motor vehicle rather than sitting on a bus, rubbing shoulders with friends I haven’t met yet, that’s on them.


Celebrity Skin

Did you know I’ve written this column for over one year and I’ve never once mentioned a Kardashian or Kanye? It’s true! I wanted to see if I could do it, and I can. A person can only yell about so many things with their time on earth, and plenty of people are already yelling about them, so I opted to focus my energy elsewhere. Not to suggest they’re not newsworthy, or that I don’t know what’s on their social media feeds most hours of most days, but some people are only firmly lodged in our national interest because we keep letting them stay there, and I wanted to make one little space that didn’t add to that. Just wanted to be sure you noticed. Which brings us to....


The LAST Last Word

I’m always sad when a column comes to an end, but I’m especially sad this time because this is my last column. :( I’ve had such a wonderful time sharing my 100 percent correct opinions with all of you and challenging myself to explain things with real words where in normal life I’d just use a series of chirps and emojis. Thank you, all of you (even the jerk who said I was about as funny as Gallagher, who is a SUCCESSFUL AND TIMELESS COMEDIAN so THANKS FOR THE COMPLIMENT, JERK) for reading, and if you want to stay in touch, I’m still grinding on Twitter @elinorjoneser and on the ’gram @elinorjo. Okay, smell ya later! <3 Joneser: OUT.

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11/6/2019: NAVIGATOR: 3 THE ‘MOST EXTRAORDINARY THING IN THE UNIVERSE’

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The brain is surprisingly soft. Lift it out of its skull, Bryson writes, and the consistency runs from tofu to “slightly overcooked Jell-O pudding.” Yet, even when we sit doing nothing, “your brain churns through more information in 30 seconds than the...
          

ENTERPRISE DATA ARCHITECT II

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SunIRef:it ENTERPRISE DATA ARCHITECT II Owensboro Health 150 reviews - Owensboro, KY Owensboro Health 150 reviews Read what people are saying about working here. Supports the design and development of enterprise architecture for all enterprise data initiatives at Owensboro Health across Business Intelligence, Analytics and Master Data Management. Completes assignments that are broad in nature. May be assigned several components of a project. Exercises judgment to solve complex problems. Impacts quality and timeliness of deliverables. Job Responsibilities Supports Owensboro Health's enterprise information requirements: design, access, usage and coordination of stewardship across the business to ensure an enterprise view and consistency. Promotes good data management practices, teaching data owners/stewards how to monitor data quality, and explaining the benefits of data management to business, functional, and technical leaders. Promotes data as an enterprise strategic business asset driving strategic direction for capturing, normalizing and distributing information across the enterprise while ensuring that integrated data delivers business value and aligns with Owensboro Health's goals. Implements and supports enterprise-level strategies for the integration of enterprise information by supporting corporate standards for data architecture, format, quality, and database design. Implements conceptual/logical data models based upon business processes and develops physical data models from logical models. Supports the design and implementation of relational databases, data warehouse, data mart, Epic Disease Registries and BOE Universe solutions as well as upholding the strategies for data acquisitions and database archival/recovery. Supports information delivery utilizing Epic and SAP Business Objects tools and technologies. Evaluates new data sources for adherence to the organization's quality standards and ease of integration. Translates and delivers actionable, high-impact plans that improve data integration, data quality and data delivery in support of business initiatives and roadmaps to achieve results. Provides database support by coding utilities, responding to user questions, and resolving problems. Implements and supports flexible, scalable data architectures for reporting needs in coordination with Master Data Management and Data Warehouse that adapt to changing business environment. Supports implementation of standards and best practices involved in modeling, describing data entities and relationships, as well as supporting Metadata. Provides on-site and/or telephone support in accordance with organizational needs - in a periodic, rotating 247 on-call schedule. Organizational Responsibilities Adheres to all organizational policies and procedures. Executes all tasks and behaves in a manner consistent with a culture of compliance, safety and a high reliability organization; behavior supports the organization's core commitments of Integrity, Service, Respect, Teamwork, Excellence, and Innovation. Education Bachelor's degree or higher in Computer Science, Computer Information Systems, Information Technology or related field required. A combination of education, training and experience may be considered in lieu of degree. Licensure/Certification/Registration None required. Work Experience A minimum of 3 years' progressive experience in the development of database/data warehouse/data mart solutions required. Demonstrated proficiency preferred in the following specialty areas: database management systems (SQL Server or Oracle); SQL and data modeling both logical and physical; SAP Business Objects toolset including Web Intelligence, Explorer, Dashboard and Lumira; performance tuning techniques in SQL Server database. Strong analytical and problem-solving skills, and verbal, written and visual presentation skills required. Skills and Attributes Requires an in-depth understanding of the specialized concepts, practices, and procedures in the area of specialization. Utilizes in-depth knowledge of the specialization as well as business needs to recommend appropriate action. Able to research and apply industry benchmarks and practices. Requires critical thinking skills, decisive judgment and works under minimal supervision. Must be able to work in a stressful environment and take appropriate action. FLSA Classification Exempt Disclaimer This description is intended to describe the general nature and level of work performed by employees assigned to this position. It is not designed to contain or be interpreted as a comprehensive inventory of all duties, responsibilities, and qualifications required of employees. Specific duties and responsibilities consistent with the general nature and level of work described may vary by department and additional related duties may be assigned as needed. Some duties listed may not apply to all areas. Additional Position Related Details Populations Served Training is provided relevant to the population served, based on scope of care of the service assignment. Physical Requirements Activity and Frequency: Bending/Stooping - Never Climbing - Never Keyboard Data Entry - Frequently Kneeling - Never Lifting/Moving Patients - Never Lifting/Carrying (Non-Patient) - 0-25 lbs - Never Lifting/Carrying (Non-Patient) - 25-75 lbs - Never Lifting/Carrying (Non-Patient) - over 75 lbs - Never Pushing/Pulling - 0-25 lbs - Never Pushing/Pulling - 25-75 lbs - Never Pushing/Pulling - over 75 lbs - Never Reaching - Never Repetitive Foot/Leg Movements - Never Repetitive Hand/Arm Movements - Frequently Running - Never Sitting - Frequently Squatting - Never Standing - Frequently Walking - Frequently Audible Speech - Frequently Hearing Acuity - Frequently Smelling Acuity - Never Taste Discrimination - Never Vision: Depth Perception - Frequently Vision: Distinguish Color - Frequently Vision: Seeing - Far - Frequently Vision: Seeing - Near - Frequently Exposures Owensboro Health is committed to providing a safe working environment including training and access to person protective equipment necessary to this position. While performing duties of this position, occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is present for all employees. Supports the design and development of enterprise architecture for all enterprise data initiatives at Owensboro Health across Business Intelligence, Analytics and Master Data Management. Completes assignments that are broad in nature. May be assigned several components of a project. Exercises judgment to solve complex problems. Impacts quality and timeliness of deliverables. Job Responsibilities Supports Owensboro Health's enterprise information requirements: design, access, usage and coordination of stewardship across the business to ensure an enterprise view and consistency. Promotes good data management practices, teaching data owners/stewards how to monitor data quality, and explaining the benefits of data management to business, functional, and technical leaders. Promotes data as an enterprise strategic business asset driving strategic direction for capturing, normalizing and distributing information across the enterprise while ensuring that integrated data delivers business value and aligns with Owensboro Health's goals. Implements and supports enterprise-level strategies for the integration of enterprise information by supporting corporate standards for data architecture, format, quality, and database design. Implements conceptual/logical data models based upon business processes and develops physical data models from logical models. Supports the design and implementation of relational databases, data warehouse, data mart, Epic Disease Registries and BOE Universe solutions as well as upholding the strategies for data acquisitions and database archival/recovery. Supports information delivery utilizing Epic and SAP Business Objects tools and technologies. Evaluates new data sources for adherence to the organization's quality standards and ease of integration. Translates and delivers actionable, high-impact plans that improve data integration, data quality and data delivery in support of business initiatives and roadmaps to achieve results. Provides database support by coding utilities, responding to user questions, and resolving problems. Implements and supports flexible, scalable data architectures for reporting needs in coordination with Master Data Management and Data Warehouse that adapt to changing business environment. Supports implementation of standards and best practices involved in modeling, describing data entities and relationships, as well as supporting Metadata. Provides on-site and/or telephone support in accordance with organizational needs - in a periodic, rotating 247 on-call schedule. Organizational Responsibilities Adheres to all organizational policies and procedures. Executes all tasks and behaves in a manner consistent with a culture of compliance, safety and a high reliability organization; behavior supports the organization's core commitments of Integrity, Service, Respect, Teamwork, Excellence, and Innovation. Education Bachelor's degree or higher in Computer Science, Computer Information Systems, Information Technology or related field required. A combination of education, training and experience may be considered in lieu of degree. Licensure/Certification/Registration None required. Work Experience A minimum of 3 years' progressive experience in the development of database/data warehouse/data mart solutions required. Demonstrated proficiency preferred in the following specialty areas: database management systems (SQL Server or Oracle); SQL and data modeling both logical and physical; SAP Business Objects toolset including Web Intelligence, Explorer, Dashboard and Lumira; performance tuning techniques in SQL Server database. Strong analytical and problem-solving skills, and verbal, written and visual presentation skills required. Skills and Attributes Requires an in-depth understanding of the specialized concepts, practices, and procedures in the area of specialization. Utilizes in-depth knowledge of the specialization as well as business needs to recommend appropriate action. Able to research and apply industry benchmarks and practices. Requires critical thinking skills, decisive judgment and works under minimal supervision. Must be able to work in a stressful environment and take appropriate action. FLSA Classification Exempt Disclaimer This description is intended to describe the general nature and level of work performed by employees assigned to this position. It is not designed to contain or be interpreted as a comprehensive inventory of all duties, responsibilities, and qualifications required of employees. Specific duties and responsibilities consistent with the general nature and level of work described may vary by department and additional related duties may be assigned as needed. Some duties listed may not apply to all areas. Additional Position Related Details Populations Served Training is provided relevant to the population served, based on scope of care of the service assignment. Physical Requirements Activity and Frequency: Bending/Stooping - Never Climbing - Never Keyboard Data Entry - Frequently Kneeling - Never Lifting/Moving Patients - Never Lifting/Carrying (Non-Patient) - 0-25 lbs - Never Lifting/Carrying (Non-Patient) - 25-75 lbs - Never Lifting/Carrying (Non-Patient) - over 75 lbs - Never Pushing/Pulling - 0-25 lbs - Never Pushing/Pulling - 25-75 lbs - Never Pushing/Pulling - over 75 lbs - Never Reaching - Never Repetitive Foot/Leg Movements - Never Repetitive Hand/Arm Movements - Frequently Running - Never Sitting - Frequently Squatting - Never Standing - Frequently Walking - Frequently Audible Speech - Frequently Hearing Acuity - Frequently Smelling Acuity - Never Taste Discrimination - Never Vision: Depth Perception - Frequently Vision: Distinguish Color - Frequently Vision: Seeing - Far - Frequently Vision: Seeing - Near - Frequently Exposures Owensboro Health is committed to providing a safe working environment including training and access to person protective equipment necessary to this position. While performing duties of this position, occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is present for all employees. Owensboro Health - Just posted report job - original job
          

SGU: Stargate Universe - The Complete Final Season (5-DVDs Box Set)

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$7.65
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Stargate Universe The Complete First Season 1 (DVD, 2010, 6-Disc Set) New Sealed

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$7.99
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SGU: Stargate Universe: Season 1

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$8.85
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Re: 2020 Kawasaki Ninja 1000SX First Look

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If only Douglas Adams had been a motorcyclist, he would have recognized what the "Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything" really is........


          

Cover Reveal - The Naughty List by Caisey Quinn

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Title: The Naughty List
Author: Caisey Quinn
Genre: Steamy Contemporary Holiday Romance
Release Date: December 10, 2019



Blurb

HOLLIS ROSSI is tired of being good. What's it ever gotten her, anyway?
When her boss, the infamous and illusive Jonah X, passes her up for a promotion because she's "too wholesome" to handle being his personal assistant, she sets out on a mission to prove him wrong.
Her naughty list contains everything she plans to do to show him she's not the innocent, naive girl he thinks she is. She just didn't plan on him finding it. 
As Jonah shows her the ropes of being bad, she can't help but wish he'd show her some other ropes--like the ones in his bedroom. 

The Naughty List is a steamy contemporary holiday romance.







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Excerpt

“Look.” I point at the recipe. “Flour, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, lemon zest, salt, almond milk, canola oil, vanilla, lemon juice, and fresh blueberries. The streusel on top has some vegan butter in it, but that’s everything. Promise.” 
He leans close enough that I can smell the sharp clean scent of his body wash and expensive aftershave. 
“Huh. Well they’re way better than the last ones.” He practically inhales another one.
My teeth sink into my lower lip and tug. “Um, yeah. I over-mixed those. And I didn’t know you were supposed to mix your wet and dry ingredients separately. My mom gave me some tips this time.” 
His eyes drop to my mouth but I’m not sure why. Jonah doesn’t see me like that. He never looks at my mouth. Maybe the way to his heart really is through his stomach. 
“Can I keep this?” He retrieves the recipe from the countertop. “I might have Erma make a big batch for some friends of mine.”
“Mmhm.” I’m temporarily stunned from the way he’s openly watching my mouth. Our faces are close enough to touch. 
Erma is his housekeeper and she’s an amazing cook. I’d be jealous of her but she’s sixty and looks like Mrs. Doubtfire so I don’t think she’s Jonah’s type. 
“Thanks. Don’t give the dogs any of my muffins,” he teases. 
Zeus gave up long ago but Achilles is still staring longingly at the muffins.
He moves to exit the kitchen and my brain resumes full function once he’s out of my personal space. 
“Jonah, wait.” 
He turns, his hip bones doing that sexy V thing that make my mouth water. 
“I actually need that recipe back.” My body shifts into panic mode as he regards me warily with the recipe in his hand. “I’ll type you up a better copy. I need to make a few adjustments anyway and I can’t remember what website I got that one from.” 
My heart is racing and my words are coming out on top of one another.
Jonah’s expression says I’m acting as crazed as I feel. 
He doesn’t make a move to give it back. 
“Jonah, seriously. I need that one. Please.” 
I have no poker face. I’m practically begging and that is not like me. 
“You need it?” He cocks his head to the side, amusement dancing in his eyes. 
For a few seconds, I worry he’s going to pull some big brother crap on me—hold it over my head and make me jump for it or something. I get enough of that from Mikey and Tony. I definitely don’t need it from Jonah. 
Thankfully he just shakes his head and starts to hand it back. 
Until his eyes catch the writing on the back. 
“What’s this?” He glances at me then back at the list. “Your Christmas wish list on here, Rossi?” 
“Give it back, Jonah. I’m serious.” I can’t breathe. 
I reach for it and he steps backward. “Hang on a minute. I need to know what to get you for Christmas.” 
His eyebrows shoot up as soon as he makes out the words. His lips move as he reads. I never noticed that before. 
I give myself a mental slap. I’m losing sight of what’s important here. 
“Adult toys, lingerie, and law breaking?” Jonah nods appreciatively. “Aren’t you a busy little elf this holiday season?” 
“Shut up. My sister-in-law wrote that. She thought it would show you that I deserve the job.” I sigh heavily. “You’ve had your fun. Now give it back.” 
He hasn’t made it to number six yet. 
Please, sweet baby Jesus, don’t let him make it to number six.
“Hang on,” he says, reaching out and keeping me at arm’s length. “What else have we got here?” 
“Jonah!” I make a grab for the list, swiping my hand wildly, hoping to at least tear it. 
I miss, catching his towel instead. 
In one split-second, my entire universe takes a hard left. 
Jonah’s towel falls and he is naked, holding a piece of paper that suggests I sit on his face. 






Author Bio


Caisey Quinn is the bestselling author of over 15 romance novels.

Her books have been both traditionally and independently published and have ranked in the Amazon Top 10 on half a dozen occasions. Her Neon Dreams series (HarperCollins - Avon/William Morrow) has been translated into multiple languages including French and Italian and distributed world-wide.

You can find her living out her very own happily ever after with her husband and two children in a small town in Alabama.


Author Links





Giveaway


          

“ARIADNA GUTIERREZ NAKED BODY GLITTER OF THE DAY”

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ARIADNA GUTIERREZ is the Miss Universe runner up who Steve Harvey accidentally named as the winner a few years back.”
          

Merrill Edge Financial Solutions Advisor- Deer Park FC

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Job Description:

At Bank of America, were creating real, meaningful relationships with individuals and businesses across the country. Each day, we connect with 67 million clients through a growing specialist workforce and our world class digital platform. With each relationship and connection, we are looking to provide care and guidance for our clients when they need us most whether they are just starting out, buying a home, building a family or planning for retirement. As part of our commitment, we are looking for the next generation of Financial Advisorsthose with a passion for growing a long term career and a drive to make our clients financial lives better.

If you are an individual who is passionate about helping clients reach their financial goals, join Bank of Americas Advisor Development Program and become a Financial Solutions Advisor in one of over 4,000 financial center locations nationwide. The Financial Center Financial Solutions Advisor role is a pivotal role for experienced advisors looking to grow in a world-class organization.

From day one, you will receive training from our award-winning Academy at Bank of America. This program delivers hands-on practice, personalized coaching and classes that will help you become the advisor you want to be. The Academy also provides training beyond portfolios and investment strategies. Youll learn to consider a clients entire and complex financial picture, and then guide them with advice and solutions to help them live their best financial lives.

With demonstrated success, you have unlimited career growth and the opportunity to advance in many roles within Bank of America and Merrill. The Academy will support you along the way with dedicated programs, tools and resources throughout your career journey.

This position is subject to SAFE Act registration requirements. Pursuant to the SAFE Act requirements, all employees engaged in residential loan mortgage originations must register with the federal registry system and remain in good standing. Since your position requires SAFE Act registration, you will be required to register and to submit to the required SAFE Act background check and registration process. Failure to obtain and/or maintain SAFE Act registration may result in your immediate termination.

Well help you

--- Build a successful career at Bank of America through world-class training and on-boarding programs that set you up for success.

--- Get training and one-on-one coaching from Academy managers who are invested in your success. Youll be enrolled in the Advisor Develop Program, part of The Academy, to develop as an advisor; the potential for growth is yours.

--- Provide end-to-end comprehensive advice, deliver client reviews/presentations with confidence and recommend strategies to help clients achieve their financial goals and life priorities.

--- Get smart on core banking and investment solutions and connect clients to all of the solutions we provide.

--- Build your network. Starting at a financial center, youll interact with banking customers, small business owners and higher net worth clients alike. Youll be able to leverage our relationships with one out of two households in the U.S. to help eventually grow your business.

--- Build connections. Work in the center of the financial universe, tapping into a range of experts, from mortgage lenders to investment analysts.

--- Continuously learn and grow, with on-going career development support and opportunities for advancement with Bank of America and Merrill.

--- Achieve additional professional designations such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and/or Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor (CRPC) or leverage approved tuition reimbursement to further your education.

As a Financial Solutions Advisor II, you can look forward to

--- Unlimited potential for financial growth.

--- A strong referral network from across the business that will give you a leg-up on client acquisition.

--- Robust marketing support to reach wider audiences with greater appeal.

--- Ongoing professional development to deepen your skills and optimize your practice as the industry evolves and changes.

--- Leadership opportunities, from leading client and conference seminars to mentoring junior associates.

Were a culture that

--- Believes in responsible growth and has a proven dedication to supporting the communities we serve.

--- Provides continuous training and developmental opportunities to help people achieve their goals, whatever their background or experience.

--- Believes diversity makes us stronger, so we can reflect, connect to and meet the diverse needs of our clients and customers around the world.

--- Is committed to advancing our tools, technology, and ways of working. We always put our clients first to meet their evolving needs.

Required skills:

--- Currently holds Series 7 & 66 (63 & 65 in lieu of 66) licenses. If you do not currently hold the 66 but have either a 63 or 65, an offer can be extended with the condition that a passing score is received for the missing series within 60 days.

--- Has at least one year experience in the investments industry, including investment training and in-depth knowledge of investment products and services.

--- Has at least one year experience working in the financial service industry and/or a sales environment where goals were met or exceeded.

--- Sets and accomplishes goals, achieving whatever you put your mind to.

--- Builds and nurtures strong relationships.

--- Collaborates effectively with others to get things done.

--- Communicates effectively and confidently and is comfortable engaging all clients.

--- Manages goals, navigates complexity, prioritizes tasks and executes in a fast-paced environment.

--- Likes to learn, adapts to new information and seeks the right solutions for clients.

--- Efficiently manages your time and capacity.

--- Is thorough and thoughtful in incorporating relevant regulatory due diligence into daily activities and long-term strategies for clients.

Desired skills:

--- Strong computer skills with an ability to multitask in a demanding environment.

--- At least three years experience working in the financial service industry and/or a sales environment where goals were met or exceeded.

--- Achieved additional professional designations such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and/or Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor (CRPC).

--- Obtained your insurance licenses.

Shift:1st shift (United States of America)Hours Per Week:40
          

Journal de cancer #2 – mastectomie et “guérison”

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Préambule : cet article est la suite du Journal #1, dans lequel je raconte comment j’ai appris que j’étais atteinte d’un cancer du sein à 34 ans. L’histoire se termine bien pour moi ; mon expérience n’a rien d’universel et je souhaite simplement, à travers ces articles, vous raconter ce que j’ai vécu. Bonne lecture […]
          

The Case of the Nightmare Person

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Today I bring you, with all due fanfare, another casualty of the therapy culture. I am not saying that the woman who is writing to our least favorite advice columnist Ask Polly is undergoing therapy. I am remarking that she is a true believer, someone who has absorbed therapy culture values, to the point where she moons over each and every Ask Polly column.

Her adoring adulation of Polly has turned her into what she calls a nightmare. Others would call her a train wreck. It is difficult to judge because she offers very little information about her real life.  Apparently, he was brought up by a single mother who worked a graveyard shift at the post office. She was married and divorced her husband. She left him, but that is all that she is willing to share. She is in her thirties. We do not know what she does for a living. We do not know about her relations with her mother, assuming that she has no other family. We do not know where she lives or who comprises her circle of friends.

But, she has adopted Polly’s usual nostrum: she feels he feelings. She is so thoroughly involved with her feelings that she does not know how to interact with other people. She wants to be more vulnerable because thinks that this will cause other people to flock to her, to love her. She does not realize that this might make them feel sorry for her... and thus to avoid. She has no sense whatever of what constitutes normal social interactions, so we imagine that she does not have any normal social interactions. She is wrapped up in herself, full of herself, wallowing in her feelings and imagining, because Polly told her, that she needs merely to be more vulnerable.

It’s a pathetic story, but sadly it offers a good picture of what happens to people who take the culture’s psychobabble seriously.

Here is the letter:

There’s this part of me that is pretty convinced I’m a nightmare person. Actually, I mostly like myself — a lot more now than I used to. But I’m terrified of vulnerability. I have this friend who is really good at just expressing her desires, and she’s so open with people and authentic and cool. I wish I could be more open like that. For example, I often try to give people the impression that I don’t need them, because admitting I do feels extremely uncomfortable.

I also left my husband when I was 28, and it was incredibly sad. I have some shame about that. We’re still friends, and I think we both feel incredibly lucky to still have each other as we navigate this bizarre new single life in our 30s. He’s a good guy. It’s a long story.

I have been asking the universe lately to just open my heart wider and wider, and some days it does feel like that’s happening. But I’m always comparing myself to others — seeking to be as cool as them, or part of a special community in some way (that’s a remnant from an isolated upbringing with a single mom who worked the graveyard shift at the post office).

I want to be okay taking up space and asking for help, while also being grounded in myself. What if I’m the type of person who doesn’t appreciate others and always wants more? That’s terrifying.

Also, I tell white lies often. They’re usually not premeditated and I tell them in circumstances when I want the other person to think that I am very interesting, happy, and sociable, with lots of friends, and that I don’t need anything from them personally. 

Sometimes I genuinely feel like I’m all these things and other times I feel like I’m isolating myself out of fear of being rejected if I’m just me, or fear of making other people uncomfortable with my needs. I think I’m okay at feeling my feelings, but I still feel like I’m doing something totally wrong.

I’m sorry this was so long. I think I’m hoping you can help me understand how to be more vulnerable, and also whether I should be harder or easier on myself? I don’t know.

I love your writing and I often print out the letters and your responses and read them at night. Thanks for everything you do.

Why Is Vulnerability So Goddamn Hard?

The last thing she needs is more vulnerability. Polly is going to tell her to try to figure out why she feels ashamed. Polly will also tell her that she is suffering because she cannot feel love. It's pretty much what Polly tells all those who write to her. 

We find it curious that this woman is asking the universe to open her heart wider. She would do better to attend religious services and to ask God.

Since the letter writer, by Polly's lights, cannot feel love, she cannot feel the love that anyone is offering to her. This is mental drool. Polly closes this thought with an explanation for why the woman left her husband. If you read the letter you will see that no reason is given.

You’ve been tricked into taking your own shame too seriously. So every time you ask for something, you’re immediately sure that you’re an asshole who’s overstepping her rights. This situation is exacerbated by the fact that you have, in fact, acted exactly like an asshole who’s overstepping her rights in the past. Why? Because you couldn’t feel love. You didn’t love yourself, so it was impossible to value the love you had or the people who gave it to you. You left your husband because you didn’t value yourself or him. You couldn’t feel any of it.

Yes, but the letter writer says that she feels her feelings, and that she is doing just what Polly recommends to all the letter writers who are dumb enough to ask her for advice.

Obviously, this woman should stop reading Polly’s columns and should stop thinking that vulnerability will make her more loving. As for Polly’s advice, here’s a bit more of it:

When you grow up isolated from others, it’s very hard not to spend your life craving connection to the point where it makes you anxious and depressed. But you also seem to believe (as I did) that this need for connection makes you unattractive and unlovable. So you try to hide your needs and hide your genuine self. Hiding makes it much harder to connect with other people. You also have trouble trusting people who aren’t hiding at all. You can admire them and sometimes even lean on them — like with your friend and your ex-husband — but you still crave a love that’s “better” than the love they have to offer. You crave love from people who don’t want to give you love at all. Somehow, people who don’t care enough about you are the ultimate prize. They are the least full of shit people, in your estimation, because they’re “strong” enough to hide their emotions. (You can consciously admire people who are open and still subconsciously privilege those who aren’t.) You imagine that if you ever win love from a “strong” withholding person like this (by lying and hiding your weaknesses, of course), it will at least feel real. It will feel like love from an isolated, overworked mother who only loves you conditionally — when you’re good, when you’re quiet, when you don’t ask too much. It will feel like love from someone with high standards — someone who sees through the full-of-shit natives and their cheerful, loving exteriors. Someone who sees through you (a nightmare person).

Obviously, the solution is not that she cannot express her feelings. The solution lies in the fact that she seems not to know how to function in society, how to conduct relationships, how to follow social codes. One suspects that she has landed in a game that she does not understand. She does not know how it is played. She does not know her role. She does not know the rules. So, she retreats into her shell and thinks that if she can speak a universal language, the language of feeling, that all will be well.

In truth, she should learn how to socialize. She should take up a hobby, like going on hikes in the woods. She should learn better manners. She should practice propriety and engage in more formal gestures of caring. If she wants other people to like her, she should show that she likes them, by making simple and gracious gestures. 

As the old Biblical saying goes, she should do unto others as she would have others do unto her. Admittedly the saying can be interpreted in many ways, but, for today, it means that when you are scared to interact with other people you should show your good feelings by doing a kind deed, not by whining in your soup about why you are not lovable.


          

Comment on Armageddon is Good News! by Just Asking

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Hello LJ and Nicole, Consider the passage Nicole mentions from Ephesians, in context, especially noting verse 10: Ephesians 1:5-12 For he [God] foreordained us to the adoption through Jesus Christ as sons to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 in praise of his glorious undeserved kindness which he kindly conferred upon us by means of [his] loved one. 7 By means of him we have the release by ransom through the blood of that one, yes, the forgiveness of [our] trespasses, according to the riches of his undeserved kindness. 8 This he caused to abound toward us in all wisdom and good sense, 9 in that he made known to us the sacred secret of his will. It is according to his good pleasure which he purposed in himself 10 for an administration at the full limit of the appointed times, namely, to gather all things together again in the Christ, the things in the heavens and the things on the earth. [Yes,] in him, 11 in union with whom we were also assigned as heirs, in that we were foreordained according to the purpose of him who operates all things according to the way his will counsels, 12 that we should serve for the praise of his glory, we who have been first to hope in the Christ. --- How are "all things" gathered together? By the unifying effect of Christ as king and ransomer. What are the "the things in the heavens and the things on the earth"? Notice that nowhere here does it say that "people" (specifically, Christians) are gathered together both in heaven and on earth. It simply says "things". Why is that? If some people are resurrected to the earth, and others to heaven, wouldn't it make more sense for verse 10 to say "all PEOPLE" would be gathered, rather than all THINGS? This gives us a hint as to what these verses are trying to tell us. Are there actually THINGS being united in addition to people? Are united people the subject of these verses? What is this passage telling us? That God "made known to us the sacred secret of his will. It is according to his good pleasure which he purposed in himself for an administration at the full limit of the appointed times". It is about administration. It about government. Since the beginning of human creation, we have been operating under various forms of rule. Some people received instructions or laws from God, some lived under the Christian law of love, and other people lived under secular governments alienated from God. Likewise, in the heavens, obedient angels lived under God's heavenly laws regulating such spirit creatures, while Satan and demons were a law to themselves in heaven as rebels against God. So, both in heaven and on earth, there has not been a unified administration over all of God's creation that possessed free will. But, under the kingdom arrangement, that changes. It was always God's purpose that all creation be unified, but that purpose has been temporarily thwarted due to rebellion. That temporary situation will end, and the universe will be united as a single family, consisting of God, Christ, the obedient angels and humans who are raised to righteousness and perfection. That universe does not require humans to be transformed into spirit persons for it to be united. It requires all creation in heaven and earth to recognize Christ as king. Thus, Ephesians here is not evidence in support of a heavenly hope. Rather, the "things" being gathered together (unified) are what are now many separate, inconsistent and unsatisfying forms of rulership over both heaven and earth.
          

Comment on 1 Simple Question You Have to Ask Yourself to Attain Self-Realization by Natalia

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Since I was a child, I have constantly asked myself what’s the deal with being part of that nation or that other nation. I have a double nationality and I could never really identify with any of them. I thought that despite having different names, they were very similar and yet said nothing about myself. I had many people ask me which country or which nationality I would most identify to and I would always answer neither and if I had one of their nationalities then suddenly I would see the rage in their eyes and their incomprehension towards not identifying myself to their “beautiful” nation that should be revered. The “Who Am I?” question is liberating to me in a way that I finally have a reference point that doesn’t include having to defend a position (what nationality am I?) that shouldn’t have to be defended in the first place. I stopped trying to explain to people what I mean a long time ago. But I could help people realize that there is more to life than nationality and groups and identifying to a certain squad by explaining that we are one with the universe. We can be part of the world, the universe without wearing the mask society imposes on us.
          

Comment on 1 Simple Question You Have to Ask Yourself to Attain Self-Realization by Christina Vanian

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I found this article very interesting because when asked who am I, I often define myself by my personality, nationality, hobbies etc.. When really that doesn't identify who I am. That is just the role I choose to play everyday. By stepping out of the cave, we can see life for what it truly is. Like from the article, many of use identify who we are from where we were born. Where we were born doesn't identify who we are because when you move , then we identify ourself from that state. This just proves that our nationality isn't part of who we are. By question everything that identifies us for us, we would probably come to the conclusion that we are the universe and that nobody is who they say they are .
          

Comment on 1 Simple Question You Have to Ask Yourself to Attain Self-Realization by Jillian

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As an over thinker myself, I have to agree that some things are just not worth caring about. Simple answers to questions like what is my nationality or what does my name mean are useless if we don't understand the answer to the bigger question that encompasses all of the above: "who am I?". Without understanding that "I" is bigger than just a name or a nationality but really apart of the universe and everything around us, we can't even begin to know who we truly are. This concept of letting go of things that shouldn't be so important relates to our society's obsession with social media or personal images. Everyone is caught up in "showing their true selves" or "expressing themselves", but really how could they when they don't even know that they don't even know who "they" are! This idea of caring too much about things that don't matter is really just rooted in Double Ignorance since we don't even know that we don't even know that we're obsessing over practically nothing.
          

Ecco Babett Clog Moon Rock Universe - Bailarinas de Piel para Mujer, Color Beige, Talla 40 amazon-shoes gris Sin cierre Estilo red roja

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Ecco Babett Clog Moon Rock Universe - Bailarinas de Piel para Mujer, Color Beige, Talla 40 amazon-shoes gris Sin cierre Estilo red roja

Comprar ahora
          

Libre à vous ! Radio Cause Commune - Transcription de l'émission du 29 octobre 2019

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Bannière de l'émission

Titre : Émission Libre à vous ! diffusée mardi 29 octobre 2019 sur radio Cause Commune
Intervenant·e·s : Marie-Odile Morandi - Jean-Baptiste Kempf - Jean-Christophe Becquet - Frédéric Couchet - Étienne Gonnu à la régie
Lieu : Radio Cause Commune
Date : 29 octobre 2019
Durée : 1 h 30 min
Écouter ou télécharger le podcast
Page des références utiles concernant cette émission
Licence de la transcription : Verbatim
Illustration : Bannière radio Libre à vous - Antoine Bardelli ; licence CC BY-SA 2.0 FR ou supérieure ; licence Art Libre 1.3 ou supérieure et General Free Documentation License V1.3 ou supérieure. Logo radio Cause Commune, avec l'accord de Olivier Grieco.
NB : transcription réalisée par nos soins, fidèle aux propos des intervenant·e·s mais rendant le discours fluide.
Les positions exprimées sont celles des personnes qui interviennent et ne rejoignent pas nécessairement celles de l'April, qui ne sera en aucun cas tenue responsable de leurs propos.

logo cause commune

Transcription

Voix off : Libre à vous !, l’émission pour comprendre et agir avec l’April, l’association de promotion et de défense du logiciel libre.

Frédéric Couchet : Bonjour à toutes. Bonjour à tous. Vous êtes sur la radio Cause Commune 93.1 en Île-de-France et partout dans le monde sur le site causecommune.fm. La radio dispose également d’une application Cause Commune pour téléphone mobile.
Merci à vous d’être avec nous aujourd’hui.
La radio dispose également d’un salon web, utilisez votre navigateur web, rendez-vous sur le site de la radio, causecommune.fm, cliquez sur « chat » et retrouvez-nous ainsi sur le salon dédié à l’émission.
Nous sommes mardi 29 octobre 2019, nous diffusons en direct, mais vous écoutez peut-être une rediffusion ou un podcast.

Soyez les bienvenus pour cette nouvelle édition de Libre à vous !, l’émission pour comprendre et agir avec l’April, l’association de promotion et de défense du logiciel libre. Je suis Frédéric Couchet, le délégué général de l’April.

Aujourd’hui c’est une émission exceptionnelle, car c’est la 42e émission de Libre à vous ! et 42 est un nombre fétiche dans la culture geek, informatique, la culture de l’imaginaire. C’est issu de l’œuvre de science-fiction de Douglas Adams qui était originellement un feuilleton radiophonique sur la BBC, totalement déjanté, et ensuite une série de livres, Le guide du voyageur galactique. Imaginez un peuple extraterrestre, intelligent, qui construit le plus puissant ordinateur de tous les temps pour trouver la réponse à la question sur la vie, l’univers et le reste. Après 7,5 millions d’années de calcul et de réflexion, l’ordinateur propose la réponse : 42. Le problème, c’est que personne n’a jamais su vraiment la question précise.
Pour connaître la suite de l’histoire, je vous invite à lire l’œuvre de Douglas Adams et nous allons faire dans l’émission quelques clins d’œil à cette œuvre de Douglas Adams.
Déjà, pour les personnes qui partent en vacances ou autre, n’oubliez pas, évidemment, de prendre avec vous des podcasts de Cause Commune pour accompagner votre voyage et n’oubliez pas, surtout, votre serviette c’est en effet l’outil indispensable pour tout auto-stoppeur galactique qu’il doit avoir ou qu’elle doit avoir en permanence.

Le site web de l’April c’est april.org et vous y trouvez d’ores et déjà une page consacrée à l’émission avec toutes les références utiles, les détails sur les pauses musicales et les moyens de nous contacter.
Si vous souhaitez réagir, poser une question pendant ce direct, n’hésitez pas à vous connecter sur le salon web de la radio, donc sur causecommune.fm, et vous pouvez également nous appeler 09 50 39 67 59 ; je répète 09 50 39 67 59.

Nous vous souhaitons une excellente écoute.

Voici maintenant le programme de l’émission.
Dans quelques secondes nous allons commencer par la chronique de Marie-Odile Morandi, animatrice du groupe Transcriptions, qui va nous parler de communs numériques.
D’ici dix à quinze minutes nous aborderons notre sujet principal qui portera sur le fameux lecteur multimédia libre VLC avec notre invité Jean-Baptiste Kempf.
En fin d’émission nous aurons la chronique de Jean-Christophe Becquet, président de l’April, sur Wikidata, relier tous les serveurs du monde.
À la réalisation de l’émission aujourd’hui Étienne Gonnu. Bonjour Étienne.

Étienne Gonnu : Salut Fred.

Frédéric Couchet : Comme à chaque émission on va vous proposer un petit quiz. Vous pouvez proposer les réponses soit sur le salon web, soit sur les réseaux sociaux.
Première question : lors de l’émission du 15 octobre 2019, nous avons parlé de Google et des assistants personnels connectés. Par quel prénom et pourquoi on a proposé de renommer les assistants personnels connectés ?
Deuxième question : nous allons parler du lecteur multimédia libre VLC au cours de cette émission. Savez-vous pourquoi l’icône de VLC est un cône de chantier ?

Tout de suite place au premier sujet.

[Virgule musicale]

Chronique « Les transcriptions qui redonnent le goût de la lecture » de Marie-Odile Morandi sur les communs numériques

Frédéric Couchet : Les choix voire les coups de cœur de Marie-Odile Morandi qui met en valeur deux ou trois transcriptions dont elle conseille la lecture, c’est la chronique « Les transcriptions qui redonnent le goût de la lecture » de Marie-Odile Morandi, animatrice du groupe Transcriptions. Bonjour Marie-Odile.

Marie-Odile Morandi : Bonjour.

Frédéric Couchet : Le sujet du jour dont tu souhaites nous parler aujourd’hui : les communs numériques. Nous t’écoutons.

Marie-Odile Morandi : Effectivement, ce mois-ci dans la chronique j’ai souhaité faire une rétrospective des transcriptions de conférences et interventions de Lionel Maurel, publiées par notre groupe, de « La dictature du copyright » à « Faire atterrir les communs numériques » sur le sol terrestre.
Les transcriptions auxquelles je vais me référer sont listées à l’onglet références de la page relative à l’émission d’aujourd’hui sur le site april.org, mais il y en a aussi d’autres que vous pouvez retrouver sur la partie consacrée aux transcriptions, toujours sur le site de l’April.

Pour savoir qui est Lionel Maurel et quels sont ses sujets de prédilection, je vais m’appuyer sur la transcription de l’émission 13 du Vinvinteur qui date de 2013, d’une durée d’une quarantaine de minutes ; à noter que cette émission n’existe plus. Lionel Maurel y était interviewé par Jean-Marc Manach. Il nous explique que le pseudo qu’il a choisi, Calimaq, fait référence à un certain Callimaque de Cyrène, un des premiers bibliothécaires de la bibliothèque d'Alexandrie dans l’Antiquité. En effet, Lionel est à la fois bibliothécaire et juriste d’où aussi le nom de son blog : lex, la loi et SI sciences de l’information donc S.I.Lex. Avec cette double casquette, Lionel s’intéresse aux problèmes juridiques liés au droit d’auteur et aux licences libres qui, dit-il, « mettent le droit d'auteur sens dessus dessous en laissant l’auteur au centre du dispositif ».
Dans cet entretien il explique ce que sont les biens communs avec la nécessaire prise de conscience qu'il y a un écosystème numérique dans lequel il faut défendre la neutralité du Net et préserver certaines libertés essentielles, avec des références au logiciel libre et à l’intelligence collective.

Je vous laisse lire cette transcription avec en bonus les explications que donne Lionel Maurel concernant la compilation hebdomadaire qu’il réalise, le Copyright Madness, c’est-à-dire les dérives de la propriété intellectuelle, du droit des marques et du droit des brevets, ce qui, généralement, ne manque pas de sel.

Concernant le droit d’auteur, nous avions transcrit une intervention de Lionel Maurel à l’université de Compiègne en 2016 intitulée « Contenus numériques : droit d'auteur et licences libres » qui dure une heure et 40 minutes. Cette intervention est un cours complet et j’invite toutes les personnes qui sont intéressées par ce sujet, soit personnellement, soit dans un cadre professionnel, à écouter ce cours et à relire sa transcription : les thèmes abordés vont des notions de base du droit d’auteur, son fonctionnement, sa gestion, ses exceptions, pour arriver à l’application de ce droit sur Internet et terminer par les licences Creative Commons auxquelles est faite une large part. C’est un ensemble très complet qui mérite vraiment d’être relu régulièrement.

Toujours concernant les licences libres, Lionel Maurel avait fait une intervention d’une dizaine de minutes au Paris Open Source Summit de 2017 intitulée : « Creative Commons. Où en est-on en 2017 ? »
Il rappelle l’origine de ces licences, c’est-à-dire la façon dont Lawrence Lessig aux États-Unis, suite à sa défaite en tant qu’avocat pour empêcher l’allongement de 50 à 70 ans du copyright après la mort de l’auteur, souhaite « redonner directement aux créateurs le pouvoir de changer les choses et d’ouvrir leurs œuvres directement à la base en utilisant leur droit d’auteur non pas pour mettre des restrictions, mais pour donner des autorisations ». Il rappelle que certaines de ces licences ne sont pas libres au sens classique des termes des licences pour les logiciels libres dont elles s’inspirent. Je mentionne que les musiques qui sont diffusées durant les émissions Libre à vous ! sont réellement libres, c’est-à-dire Attribution et Partage à l’identique si elles sont publiées sous une licence Creative Commons.
Je vous laisse lire les conclusions de cette intervention, somme toutes optimistes, ce qui est de bonne augure, avec la présentation de belles réussites d’œuvres placées sous ces licences Creative Commons.

Lionel Maurel s’intéresse aussi au matériel et il avait tenu une conférence d’environ une heure au festival Pas Sage En Seine de 2016 intitulée : « Que manque-t-il pour avoir des licences Open Hardware qui fonctionnent ».
Avoir du matériel vraiment libre est un enjeu fort, mais difficile parce qu’on entre dans le champ de la propriété industrielle qui comporte d’autres droits, les dessins et modèles, les marques, les brevets. Le droit d’auteur et la propriété industrielle ne fonctionnent pas du tout de la même manière, les règles sont différentes : pour obtenir un droit de propriété industrielle il faut notamment faire un dépôt.
Actuellement ce mouvement se développe. Une fondation s’est montée, donne des instructions sur comment on doit faire pour être dans une démarche d’open source hardware et propose une définition : « conceptions réalisées publiquement et disponibles de manière à ce que n’importe qui puisse étudier, modifier, distribuer, créer et vendre un design ou un produit basé sur ce design », ce qui ressemble beaucoup à la définition du logiciel libre.

Lionel Maurel estime qu’il y a trois stratégies possibles pour libérer le matériel :

  • la première serait de publier la documentation de ce qu’on a produit et verser directement l’invention dans le domaine public. Sauf qu’il existe aux États-Unis les patent trolls qui pourraient s’en servir. Ce sont ces sociétés qui ne fabriquent rien, déposent le plus de brevets possibles et vivent de la menace des procès qu’elles peuvent faire ;
  • deuxième pratique : documenter le projet : expliquer la démarche, le processus de fabrication, publier les plans, les fichiers de conception, préparer un maximum de documentation et tout publier sous licence libre. Sauf que la seule chose qui peut être protégée par le droit d’auteur c’est le texte de la documentation et absolument pas l’objet réalisé à partir de cette documentation ;
  • la dernière stratégie c’est de se dire, puisqu’il faut un brevet, eh bien déposons des brevets et ensuite ouvrons-les. Sauf qu’il faudra engager la procédure de dépôt, payer les coûts et, pour un petit constructeur, un petit inventeur, ce n’est certainement pas possible.

Lionel Maurel propose des solutions que je laisse découvrir aux auditeurs qui liront la transcription. Pour lui il y a là un champ sur lequel faire de la recherche. Il appelle les personnes intéressées à participer car, dit-il, c’est un peu sous-estimé par le monde du Libre qui devrait être beaucoup plus présent sur le sujet.

La dernière conférence en date qui a été transcrite est son intervention au Colloque « Territoires solidaires en commun : controverses à l'horizon du translocalisme », de juin 2019 et qui dure environ une heure.

Là encore, il nous propose quelque chose de très complet, très documenté, avec des références à de nombreux auteurs ce qui permettra aux personnes qui le souhaitent d’approfondir leurs connaissances.

Habituellement, dans notre esprit, nous distinguons les communs matériels, tangibles, des communs de la connaissance, des communs informationnels qui vont être des communs immatériels, intangibles.

Charlotte Hess, qui a travaillé avec Elinor Ostrom, se pose la question : « C’est quoi Internet ? C’est la machine que j’ai devant moi. Il y a un fil. Le fil va à un serveur. Le serveur va à d’autres fils. D’autres ordinateurs sont reliés à ce serveur qui est relié à un système d’information. Ce réseau est relié par des câbles au réseau des réseaux qu’est Internet », et elle fait ainsi une description qui n’a absolument rien d’immatériel ; Internet est indissociable d'un certain nombre d'objets – ordinateurs, câbles, serveurs. Donc, nous dit-elle : « On peut penser Internet comme un commun local et global », montrant que les communs de la connaissance ont une dimension matérielle.
Sur Internet, tout ce que vous allez échanger va laisser une trace quelque part et cette trace n’est pas du tout virtuelle, elle est matérielle parce qu’elle est inscrite dans une infrastructure physique. Nos données ne sont pas du tout stockées dans un nuage, elles sont stockées dans des datacenters, ces immenses hangars extrêmement matériels ; c’est la fameuse phrase « le cloud, le nuage, c’est toujours l’ordinateur de quelqu’un d’autre. »
Donc le fait de nous présenter Internet comme quelque chose d’immatériel est extrêmement faux. L’idée selon laquelle le numérique allait nous permettre de produire les choses avec moins de matière est elle aussi fausse. On lit régulièrement que la consommation électrique due à Internet est préoccupante, à laquelle il faut ajouter les coûts de production des machines, sans oublier les déchets en fin de course qui sont difficilement recyclables. D’où les problèmes sur l’environnement. On en revient à des sujets d’actualité.

Selon un des auteurs cités, une réelle émancipation « impliquera de se réapproprier toute cette chaîne logistique numérique aujourd’hui intégralement privatisée et aliénée ». Il faut qu’on fasse des centres de stockage des données autogérés et contrôlés par nous-mêmes.

Lionel Maurel nous rappelle alors l’existence des fournisseurs d’accès à Internet associatifs, c’est-à-dire ces associations qui disent : « L’accès à Internet est un droit fondamental, donc nous allons tirer des câbles et nous gérerons nous-mêmes la couche physique du réseau. »
Lionel Maurel nous rappelle les projets de l’association Framasoft et l’excellente idée du collectif d’hébergeurs CHATONS. Nos données se trouveront à un niveau local, sur les serveurs d’une entreprise ou d’une association proche de chez nous, qui a signé une charte avec notamment la clause de ne pas utiliser nos données personnelles, donc respect de la vie privée.
Ainsi Internet redevient « translocal », thème de cette conférence.

Actuellement de nombreux penseurs s’interrogent sur la matérialité d’Internet et sur son coût écologique que nous avons sans doute négligé.
Cette dernière conférence m’a particulièrement intéressée, avec, il me semble, une évolution de la pensée, et j’ai souhaité partager.
Transcrire les conférences de Lionel Maurel, défenseur de longue date des logiciels libres, est toujours un plaisir. N’hésitez pas à rejoindre notre groupe Transcriptions, vous ne le regretterez pas !

Frédéric Couchet : Merci Marie-Odile. Tu nous a donné envie de lire ces conférences de Lionel Maurel.
Je précise que le collectif CHATONS est le Collectif des Hébergeurs Alternatifs Transparents Ouverts Neutres et Solidaires dont nous avons déjà parlé dans les émissions Libre à vous ! du 18 juin et du 16 avril 2019. Vous retrouverez les podcasts sur april.org et causecommune.fm. Je précise également que tu as parlé des patent trolls, de ces trolls de brevets. On en reparlera rapidement en fin d’émission parce que c’est dans l’actualité.
Marie-Odile je te remercie et je te souhaite de passer une belle journée.

Marie-Odile Morandi : À vous de même. Bonne soirée.

[Virgule musicale]

Frédéric Couchet : On va passer une pause musicale. Nous allons écouter La fin de Saint Valéry par Ehma. On se retrouve juste après. Belle journée à l’écoute de Cause Commune.

Pause musicale : La fin de Saint Valéry par Ehma.

Frédéric Couchet : Nous venons d’écouter La fin de Saint Valéry par Ehma, disponible en licence Art libre. Vous retrouverez les références sur le site de l’April, april.org et sur le site de Cause Commune, causecommune.fm.

Ne paniquez pas, vous êtes toujours avec l'April pour l’émission Libre à vous ! sur radio Cause commune 93.1 FM en Île-de-France et partout ailleurs sur le site causecommune.fm.

Nous allons passer à notre sujet principal.

[Virgule musicale]

Le lecteur multimédia libre VLC avec Jean-Baptiste Kempf président de VideoLAN et fondateur de la société Videolabs

Frédéric Couchet : Nous allons donc poursuivre par notre sujet principal qui porte aujourd’hui sur le célèbre lecteur multimédia libre VLC dont l’icône est un cône de chantier et nous allons bientôt apprendre les raisons de ce choix. Notre invité est Jean-Baptiste Kempf président de VideoLAN, l’association qui gère VLC, et fondateur de la société Videolabs qui crée des services autour de VLC et plus généralement des nouveautés autour de la vidéo. Bonjour Jean-Baptiste.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Bonjour.

Frédéric Couchet : On a déjà eu l’occasion d’avoir Jean-Baptiste dans l’émission en octobre 2018 pour nous parler de DRM, les fameuses menottes numériques sur lesquelles on reviendra très rapidement au cours de l’émission ; vous pouvez écouter évidemment le podcast. Déjà une première petite question, une présentation personnelle. Jean-Baptiste, d’où viens-tu ? Qui es-tu ? Quel est ton parcours ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Je m’appelle Jean-Baptiste. Je suis un geek, j’ai 36 ans, je suis Parisien, j’ai vécu la plupart de ma vie à Paris. Ça fait un bout de temps, à peu près 13 ou 14 ans, que je fais du VLC et que ça a pris de plus en plus de temps dans ma vie jusqu’à être mon métier principal.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est quoi un geek ? Tu as employé ce mot-là au début.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Oui. Quelqu’un qui adore coder et être sur son ordinateur. Moi j’ai toujours été dans le logiciel libre dès que je me suis mis à l’informatique, pendant que j’étais en école.

Frédéric Couchet : Donc un passionné notamment d’informatique.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Principalement.

Frédéric Couchet : Principalement.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Mais aussi de bons bouquins de fantaisie comme le Le Guide du voyageur galactique de l’espace.

[Rires]

Frédéric Couchet : En plus c’est un grand honneur de te recevoir car, depuis le 15 novembre 2018, tu as eu le grade de chevalier de l’ordre national du Mérite, c’est l’une des plus importantes décorations françaises. Ça a l’air de te faire soupirer mais en même temps ça récompense une dizaine d’années de contribution à la fois dans ta société et dans la communauté du Libre.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Ça va te faire rigoler parce je suis un gros boulet : je n’ai toujours pas récupéré cette décoration parce qu’il faut organiser une cérémonie, avoir quelqu’un qui te la remet, et je dois avouer que ce n’était pas vraiment dans mes priorités, notamment personnelles, cette année. Il faut absolument que je m’en occupe parce que sinon je ne vais jamais avoir le droit de la porter. C’est génial ; c’est clair, c’est génial parce que ça montre notamment qu’on a eu des gens dans l’État qui commencent à comprendre ce qu’est le logiciel libre et pourquoi c’est important pour l’État et pour la France. Ça c’est vraiment très cool. C’était Mounir, à l’époque, qui m’avait proposé.

Frédéric Couchet : Mahjoubi, qui était ministre du numérique [secrétaire d’État chargé du numérique].

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Maintenant c’est Cédric O, je crois, qui l’a remplacé. Donc c’est très cool. Par contre, ce que je n’aime pas : c’est une décoration personnelle pour un projet qui est un projet commun. C’est sûr que je suis la personne qui a passé le plus de temps autour de VLC et d’autres projets autour de VideoLAN, mais je suis toujours un peu mal à l’aise avec ça.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est le côté starisation qui ne te plaît pas.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Ouais. Il y a beaucoup trop de starisation dans tout ce qui est tech, tout ce qui est startup. On parle plus souvent, on voit plus souvent, à propos des startups, plus des photos des fondateurs que de leurs produits. Ça me gêne un peu ; ce n’est pas très grave, mais ça me gêne un peu.

Frédéric Couchet : OK. Avant d’oublier je précise que si des personnes qui écoutent veulent appeler pour faire une intervention et notamment poser une question à Jean-Baptiste, vous pouvez appeler le 09 50 39 67 59 et Étienne Gonnu, en régie, attend vos appels.
Déjà une petite première question. En fait de très nombreuses personnes utilisent VLC souvent sans savoir que c’est un logiciel libre et ça permet à ces personnes de lire des vidéos. Mais toi, quand tu présentes par exemple peut-être en soirée ce que tu fais, comment tu présentes VLC, en une ou deux phrases ? Petit résumé.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Ça dépend de qui est en face, du public, et ça dépend de si je veux troller ou pas. En général, ce que je dis, c’est que c’est un lecteur multimédia qui est capable de lire tous les formats de fichiers audio, vidéo et qui marche partout. Ça c’est l’accroche et après, surtout, je dis que c’est un logiciel libre, développé par une communauté, pour le bien commun.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. C’est intéressant parce qu’une des forces, effectivement, de VLC c’est de lire à peu près tous les formats de fichiers et on va y revenir dans la partie plus technique, présentation des fonctionnalités. Tu dis que c’est une communauté qui développe ça, justement, on va parler de l’histoire de ce projet. Comment c’est né ? Parce que c’est un projet très ancien, il y a de nombreuses années. Est-ce que tu peux nous raconter comment est né ce projet à l’École centrale de Paris, si j’ai bien suivi.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En fait, ce qui est marrant dans VLC, c’est qu’il n’y a pas eu de créateur de VLC et surtout il n’y a personne qui a voulu faire VLC. Souvent les gens, quand je leur raconte ça, ça les déçoit un peu, il n’y a personne qui s’est dit « je vais faire un nouveau lecteur vidéo, ça va être mieux que le reste ». En fait, c’est une succession de projets qui commence il y a très longtemps, et une partie du projet du projet est devenu VLC. Je vais m’expliquer un petit peu parce sinon c’est un peu flou.

Frédéric Couchet : Avec des dates.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Le projet originel date du fait que dans les années 60 l’École centrale Paris a déménagé de la gare de Lyon à Châtenay-Malabry dans le sud de Paris, pour des raisons un peu bizarres, mais notamment parce que l’Éducation nationale n’avait pas l’argent pour le faire. On s’est retrouvé avec une grande école française qui était sur un campus géré par des anciens élèves, donc privé. Et tout dans l’organisation du campus était fait par des étudiants : le téléphone, la télé, la radio, la cafétéria et le réseau informatique. Dans les années 80 ils mettent un réseau informatique et c’était un réseau informatique qui était basé sur Token Ring, donc un réseau très lent. Vers le milieu des années 90, ils veulent avoir un réseau plus rapide et quand ils vont voir l’École pour dire « on a besoin d’un nouveau réseau plus rapide », en particulier pour jouer, il ne faut pas mentir.

Frédéric Couchet : Pour jouer en réseau au début.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Pour jouer en réseau et l’École leur dit : « Écoutez, vous allez être gentils, vous allez l’utiliser pour jouer en réseau et pas du tout pour travailler » et surtout, la raison principale de l’École c’est « vous comprenez, le campus est privé, nous on ne peut rien y faire » ; ils disent : « Allez voir les partenaires ». C’est là que le projet qui s’appellait Network 2000 – on est en 1995, à l’époque, évidemment, tout projet s’appelle 2000 sinon ce n’est pas un vrai projet – ils vont voir des partenaires, ils vont voir notamment TF1 qui dit : « Le futur de la vidéo c’est le satellite — aujourd’hui c’est facile de rigoler, mais en 1995 c’était important — et pour 1500 étudiants s’il faut mettre 1500 décodeurs et 1500 antennes ça va coûter une fortune. Ce qu’on vous propose, c’est de mettre juste un réseau très rapide, numérique – ce sont les débuts de la vidéo numérique – on met une grosse antenne et on diffuse la vidéo sur tout le réseau hyper-rapide. Évidemment on est en 1994/95, les ordinateurs les plus puissants ce sont des 486DX-33, DX-66 ou des Pentium 60, c’est absolument impossible, sans avoir des grosses machines, de faire du décodage vidéo taille DVD à l’époque, sans matériel, mais ils le font quand même et c’est comme ça qu’ils justifient l’achat d’un nouveau réseau pour ce projet dans l’association des étudiants qui gérait le réseau informatique. À ce moment-là il n’y a pas du tout de VLC.
Ça finit, il y a une démo qui marche, ça crashe au bout de 50 secondes ; on fait une démo de 42 secondes, comme ça c’est nickel, c’était cross-platform, ça marchait grosso modo sous BeOS et Linux, rien d’autre, mais on montrait que c’était possible. Pendant un an il ne se passe plus rien. Il y a des étudiants en 98 qui disent : « C’est un projet qui est marrant, de diffusion de vidéos sur un réseau, il y a peut-être d’autres campus ou des réseaux d’entreprises qui sont intéressés ». Donc ils remontent un projet qui, à ce moment-là, s’appelle VideoLAN, lan qui veut dire réseau local en anglais. Donc ils montent le projet VideolAN. Ils sont en 98, ils ont comme objectif de devenir open source et d’être cross-platform. Mais dans VideoLAN, il y avait une partie serveur, une partie réseau, une autre partie un truc un peu compliqué, et il y avait une partie cliente. Mais la partie cliente ce n’était pas forcément le focus, parce que ce n’était pas forcément l’endroit le plus compliqué. La partie cliente s’appelle VideoLAN client.

Frédéric Couchet : Donc VLC.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : À ce moment-là tout le monde l’appelle VideoLAN client. Ça ne va s’appeler VLC que trois ou quatre ans plus tard. Au moment où en 2001, après une bataille de longue haleine, l’École autorise le changement de licence pour que ça passe d’une licence propriétaire vers une licence open source, libre.

Frédéric Couchet : Une licence libre, en l’occurrence la licence GNU GPL, General Public License.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Exactement. Ils ne précisent pas la version, ils disent GNU General Public License et ils ne précisent pas VLC, ils précisent « pour l’ensemble des logiciels du projet VideoLAN ». Donc VLC c’est une petite partie du projet VideoLAN, qui est un projet dont le but a été d’être libre, mais qui, au début ne l’était pas, basé sur un projet qui était originellement de faire un nouveau réseau parce qu’il y avait un réseau informatique lent à l’époque. À ce moment-là, quand ça passe en logiciel libre, c’est à ce moment-là qu’il y a des contributions extérieures importantes qui font que ça passe sous Windows et sous Mac OS rapidement et pas à l’initiative des élèves et que ça commence à démarrer à l’extérieur.
En fait il n’y a personne qui s’est dit « waouh, je vais faire un nouveau lecteur, je vais le porter partout ». Ce sont vraiment des étudiants, plusieurs générations d’étudiants parce qu’on parle de 1994 à 2002 pour le début de l’explosion et il n’y a personne qui s’est dit « je vais créer VLC ! »

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. L’École centrale de Paris c’est une école d’ingénieurs. Toi tu intègres l’École centrale à quelle date ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En 2003.

Frédéric Couchet : En 2003. Je suppose, comme tu l’as dit en introduction, tu es un geek et tu es là pour apprendre, que tout de suite le projet te plaît. Est-ce que tu contribues tout de suite ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est pire que ça. Moi j’ai choisi l’École centrale Paris parce que je savais que c’était une école où il y avait une association informatique qui faisait du Libre.

Frédéric Couchet : Tu as choisi l’école pour ça ! D’accord !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : J’avais rencontré en vacances quelqu’un ; j’ai eu le choix entre plusieurs grandes écoles et je suis allé à Centrale parce que je savais que un, il n’y avait pas beaucoup de cours et deux, parce qu’il y avait une association qui faisait du réseau, qui était sous Linux. Je n’y connaissais rien, c’était clair à l’époque. Donc ça a été mon choix, c’est pour ça que ça que je suis allé à Centrale.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est marrant parce que ça me rappelle ma propre histoire à Paris 8, mais des années avant parce que je suis un peu plus vieux que toi. Donc tu arrives à Centrale en 2003. À l’époque il n’y a pas d’association qui porte ce projet et, si j’ai bien suivi, c’est toi qui vas initier l’idée de créer une association qui va s’appeler VideoLAN.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En fait ça arrive bien plus tard parce qu’à l’époque entre les gens du réseau VIA et les gens de VideoLAN c'était très interconnecté. Je deviens vice-président de l’association du réseau et c’est moi, avec notamment un autre développeur qui s’appelle Rémi, qui portons pendant une année cette association, donc on fait des choses sur VideoLAN. La première chose que je fais sur VideoLAN c’est gérer la diffusion interne de la télévision pour le campus de Centrale. Et ça, ça doit être fin 2003/début 2004 que je commence à toucher au projet VideoLAN, mais pas du tout par la partie code, vraiment par la partie infrastructure. En fait, je fais un stage plus tard en 2005/2006 et je m’emmerde pendant ce stage.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est aux États-Unis, ce stage ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Pas du tout. J’étais au CEA [Commissariat à l'énergie atomique], à la direction des applications militaires. Le stage était génial, mais j’avais beaucoup trop de temps. Je me suis vraiment amusé sur le stage, mais c’est juste que ça n’allait pas assez vite pour moi. Donc j’ai fait deux choses : j’ai fait pas mal de documentation et j’ai commencé à aider sur VLC.
En fait, on s’est retrouvé un peu avec le problème que le projet était trop gros pour l’école, trop gros pour des étudiants, trop d’utilisateurs, et c’était très difficile de faire quoi que ce soit, surtout parce qu’en 2006/2007/2008 la nouvelle génération d’étudiants n’est vraiment pas intéressée par le projet. C’est à ce moment-là, fin 2007 et début 2008, que je lance l’idée de se séparer de l’école. Je crée l’association au VideoLAN Dev Days en décembre 2008, hébergée chez, Free et c’est là où on fait un vote, où on décide de créer une association. Début 2007 il n’y avait plus que deux personnes et demie actives sur le projet. Quand j’étais dans mon stage, comme tu l’as dit aux États-Unis, j’ai passé beaucoup de temps à retrouver des mondes, des anciens et des nouveaux, pour se remotiver autour de projet et ça va prendre quelques années pour qu’on arrive à la version 1.0 de VLC.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. On va y arriver. Petite question : le choix du cône chantier comme icône, c’était à cette époque-là ou pas ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Quand je suis arrivé, le cône de chantier était déjà là.

Frédéric Couchet : Est-ce que tu sais pourquoi le cône de chantier a été choisi ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Oui, je sais, évidemment !

Frédéric Couchet : Vas-y.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Il faut savoir, et je suis désolé pour les auditeurs, qu’il y a une bataille d’anciens pour expliquer quelle est la raison du cône, mais quand moi je suis arrivé à Centrale, c’est sûr, on avait des étages de 24 étudiants et sur l’étage du 2H, l’étage du réseau, il y avait à peu près une centaine de cônes, il y avait une armoire à cônes.

Frédéric Couchet : Le culte du cône !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Le culte avec des jeux physiques comme le cône acrobatique, le « côneball », des batailles, des montages de batailles moitié laser moitié cônes. Il y avait vraiment un culte sur le cône qui était très drôle, pas du tout malsain, attention pour ceux qui ont peur, très marrant et hyper deuxième ou troisième degré. À l’origine ils avaient besoin de parler à un étudiant qui ne voulait pas leur ouvrir la porte. En fait, après une soirée probablement un peu arrosée, ils ont utilisé le cône comme porte-voix pour l’appeler et l’alpaguer depuis sa fenêtre. Plutôt que d’avoir une petite mandoline pour chanter une sérénade, ils ont pris un cône qui était là. Ça c’était des gens autour du réseau et, en fait, dans la première sortie sous Linux X11.

Frédéric Couchet : X11 c’est l’environnement de fenêtrage graphique, on va dire.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Avant, la première version était en framebuffer, c’est encore au niveau plus bas. Ça passe à la première version. En fait, à l’origine, tout le monde se tirait un peu la bourre dans VLC, ce qui est normal parce qu’il y avait toujours plein de choses à faire, c’est super marrant, donc celui qui met la première version X11, il commit à quatre heures du matin, même si ce n’est pas fini, mais juste parce qu’il a quand même fait le plus gros du boulot, il envoie sa version et, pour montrer que ce n’est pas fini, il met comme icône le petit cône de chantier pour dire que c’est en travaux.
Ensuite Sam Hocevar, qui est un des génies qu’il y a eu autour du projet, dessine la première icône et ça reste. Ce n'est pas réfléchi, c’est complètement débile d’utiliser un cône de chantier pour un lecteur multimédia, mais c’est un coup marketing absolument génial parce que c’est hyper-reconnaissable. Là, maintenant, je vais partout dans le monde, quand je parle de VLC les gens connaissent déjà beaucoup plus que l’École centrale Paris ou des choses comme ça, mais, surtout, il y a plein de gens qui font : « Je ne sais pas trop » et tu dis : « Mais si, le cône qui lit des vidéos » et là, c’est universel.

Frédéric Couchet : Le cône de chantier. C’était une excellent idée et on salue Samuel Hocevar qui a aussi été le responsable du projet Debian, qui est aussi un grand fan de cinéma et notamment de La Classe américaine dont on parlera peut-être un jour. En tout cas, allez chercher sur un moteur de recherche Samuel Hocevar, c’est un génie.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Et qui a été un des premiers à introduire Wikipédia en France.

Frédéric Couchet : Exactement. C’est aussi un des fondateurs de Wikimédia France.
J’ai une petite question sur le salon web de la radio, je rappelle que c’est sur causecommune.fm, une réponse rapide, Marie-Odile qui demande : « Est-ce que cette école est toujours aussi sympa afin de la conseiller aux jeunes qui vont prochainement passer des concours ? » L’ECP ? Est-ce que tu conseillerais d’aller à l’ECP aujourd’hui ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Désolé, je n’en sais rien du tout. Maintenant elle s’appelle CentraleSupélec, ça a été fusionné avec Supélec. J’y vais de temps en temps parce que je suis toujours administrateur de l’association du réseau, je trouve que les gens sont toujours aussi cools, par contre je trouve que leur campus est quand même moins marrant que le nôtre.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. Voilà la réponse par rapport à ça. On a bien compris qu’au départ il y a pas mal d’étudiants et d’étudiantes qui ont contribué. On va revenir tout à l’heure sur la contribution concrète, aujourd’hui, à VLC, parce que les gens doivent se dire qu’il doit y avoir des centaines de personnes qui contribuent tous les jours à VLC. On va aussi parler du financement, mais dans une deuxième partie. On va revenir un petit peu, une fois passé cet historique, on remarque que c’est un logiciel libre qui existe depuis très longtemps, qui se développe. Aujourd’hui c‘est la version 3.0, c’est ça ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est ça.

Frédéric Couchet : 3.0. Tu l’as dit tout à l’heure, l’un des grands atouts de VLC en termes de fonctionnalité, c’est que ça intègre les codecs nécessaires à la lecture de la plupart des formats audio et vidéo et que VLC peut aussi lire à peu près tous les flux réseau. Donc le choix de VLC, pour beaucoup de gens, c’est aussi la qualité et la capacité d’accéder à peu près à tous les contenus. Une autre caractéristique c’est la capacité de lire des flux un petit peu endommagés et de les réparer à la volée, c’est assez magique ! Un autre avantage, et là j’aimerais bien que tu expliques comment vous faites, c’est le côté multiplateforme, parce que souvent les logiciels libres sont disponibles sur environnement Windows, Mac, GNU/Linux, mais vous allez encore plus loin, c’est de l’Android, c’est de l’iPhone, c’est OS2. C’est intégré dans certaines box et ça serait intéressant d’en reparler tout à l’heure. Comment vous faites pour ce côté multiplateforme ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Il y a plusieurs raisons. La première raison c’est que VLC est hyper-modulaire, contrairement par exemple à un autre lecteur multimédia qui est sur Linux qui s’appelle MPlayer, qui était là avant. Le cœur de VLC est tout petit, ça doit être un dixième du code, un vingtième du code, et après on a plein de modules. La raison pour laquelle VLC est passé en modules, ça n’est pas du tout une idée, une grande idée en disant « il faut absolument faire ça », c’était, je suis désolé pour le terme technique, pour raccourcir les temps de compilation à l’époque. Quand on faisait une modification on modifiait juste un module et on compilait, c’était beaucoup plus rapide que tout compiler.

Frédéric Couchet : La compilation c’est partir du code source pour arriver à la version compréhensible par l’ordinateur.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est ça. En fait, pour faire plus simple, c’était juste plus facile de développer, mais ça n’était pas dans le but d’être plus cross platform, c’était vraiment Sam qui voulait coder plus rapidement, donc pour aller plus rapidement dans son développement il est passé en modules. Et ce passage en modules, en fait c’est vraiment un coup de génie, qui n’était peut-être pas forcément vu à l’époque, c’est que ça a permis justement d’être sur plein de plateformes, parce que quand tu vas sur une autre plateforme tu fais juste une nouvelle sortie audio, une sortie vidéo, une nouvelle interface et puis c’est tout ; tu n’as pas à modifier tout le reste. Et, deuxième effet cool qui est très bien, c’est que ça permet aux gens qui rentrent dans le projet de commencer à contribuer sans être capables de comprendre ce qui se passe au cœur. Moi, pendant quasiment deux ans depuis le premier moment où j’ai codé sur VLC, je n’ai jamais rien fait dans le cœur de VLC parce que c’est compliqué ; mais ce n’est pas grave, comme ce sont des modules, tu rajoutes juste une fonctionnalité : tu veux un nouveau format, tu rajoutes juste un module ! Et quand tu veux placer sur d’autres plateformes, que tu as mentionnées, mais on est aussi sur Apple TV, sur Android TV, on a une version qui marche sur la PS4 – elle n’est pas publique parce que, pour des raisons de liberté, on ne peut pas la publier.
En fait, ce que je dis, c’est que VLC est un des logiciels le plus porté sur plein d’autres plateformes, en tout cas interfaces. On est sur plus de plateformes que Chrome, on est sur plus de plateformes que Firefox, que LibreOffice et je ne parle même pas, évidemment, de logiciels propriétaires comme Office ou Apple.
Il faut comprendre que, évidemment, ça prend beaucoup de temps, mais, en fait, le cœur de VLC est géré par cinq personnes. C’est important. Ce sont des gens très bons et je suis poli, à part moi ce sont vraiment des gens exceptionnels au niveau code, qui sont vraiment de classe internationale, qui sont hyper-bons, qui savent ce qu’ils font et c’est ça qui permet de supporter plein de plateformes. Ensuite on est très conservateurs sur notre approche du code. On écrit tout en C, un petit peu de C ++.

Frédéric Couchet : C, c’est un langage de programmation.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En langage de programmation C, donc vraiment du bas niveau, parce que c’est un langage qui est très limité mais qui est relativement simple, dont on connaît très bien les limites, donc ça permet à VLC de garder cette qualité. Et un truc important aussi concernant VLC, sa marque, c’est que les gens normaux, c’est-à-dire pas les gens qui passent leurs journées à recompiler leur VLC sur Linux, font confiance au code. Et ça c’est hyper-important. La deuxième raison c’est que dans VLC il y a des gens comme moi qui ont été hyper-embêtants sur la qualité du produit. J’ai emmerdé les autres développeurs des centaines de fois en disant « non, ça ce n’est pas possible, ça casse ce problème pour l’utilisateur ». J’ai passé des heures et des heures sur les forums, sur Twitter, etc., à écouter ce que voulaient nos utilisateurs, c’est hyper-important, ce n’est pas la partie la plus marrante. Pour moi c’est important d’avoir du produit qui fonctionne.

Frédéric Couchet : Justement sur la partie support j’ai une question : est-ce que globalement l’équipe reçoit plus d’encouragements ou de remerciements que de plaintes, ou traditionnellement… ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Non ! On n’entend que des plaintes, voire des insultes ou des menaces de mort.

Frédéric Couchet : À ce point-là !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Oui. Des gens ont envoyé des lettres anonymes que j’ai reçues chez mes parents. Il y a des tarés partout ! Par rapport aux centaines de millions d’utilisateurs, en fait c’est ridicule les plaintes. Évidemment, quand tu es de l’autre côté, tu ne vois que la partie négative et c’est vrai que de temps en temps tu as des mecs qui te dises : « C’est trop bien ! » Il y a des mecs qui m’ont envoyé de la bière parce que sur un thread reddit j’ai dû raconter qu’une des bières que j’adore c’est la Kasteel Rouge et il y a quelqu’un qui a envoyé chez mes parents une caisse de Kasteel Rouge, que j’ai bue.

Frédéric Couchet : Est-ce qu'il t'a invité au Dernier Restaurant avant la fin du monde ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Non, on ne m’a pas encore invité au Dernier Restaurant avant la fin du monde, mais on m’a déjà invité pas mal de fois au Dernier bar avant la fin du monde soit celui de Paris soit dans d’autres endroits.

Frédéric Couchet : Il y en a dans d’autres endroits ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Oui. Il y en a dans d’autres endroits.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. OK. Tu parlais à l’instant de la qualité, notamment par rapport à l’expérience utilisateur et utilisatrice, il y a un autre sujet qui doit sans doute te faire stresser c’est la sécurité. D’ailleurs je ne sais pas sur combien de machines, si c’est estimable, VLC est installé, mais le problème de sécurité soit par un bug soit par une injection de code malveillant, ça doit te faire flipper !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est clair que c’est un vrai sujet qui est très compliqué. Je vais d’abord répondre à ta première question qui est combien il y a de VLC installés. On ne fait pas de télémétrie – moi j’appelle ça de l’espionnage, certains appellent ça de la télémétrie, ça s’appelle de l’espionnage même quand c’est Mozilla qui le fait, nous on ne fait pas d’espionnage –, par contre, c’est vrai qu’on peut savoir des choses. On peut savoir le nombre de téléchargements sur notre site web, sachant qu’il y a évidemment plein d’autres sites de téléchargement comme Download.com, Telecharger.fr et toutes les distributions Linux qui redistribuent sans passer pas nous, donc on n’a pas cette information. Mais là, déjà, on voit qu’on est à peu près à 25 millions, 30 millions de téléchargements par mois. Deux tiers, en fait, ce sont des updates, mais le reste ça ne l’est pas. Déjà le fait qu’il y ait pas mal d’updates ça nous donne des informations.

Frédéric Couchet : Les updates ce sont les mises à jour.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Les mises à jour. Après, on a des informations de Microsoft, du nombre d’utilisateurs, notamment pour les crash reports.
En fait, on n’a pas d’infos fiables, mais on a une estimation. En nombre d’utilisateurs actifs, ce que tu définis comme une personne qui utilise VLC une fois dans le mois, sous Windows on a 300 millions d’utilisateurs actifs.

Frédéric Couchet : Waouh !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Donc tu peux considérer qu’en nombre d’installations on doit être au moins au double, en nombre d’installations !

Frédéric Couchet : Sous les environnements GNU/Linux, FreebSD et autres, libres, on n’a pas d’estimations.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Si. À une époque j’avais fait des estimations : grosso modo on prend le nombre sur Windows, on divise par dix et on a la part de marché qu’on a sous Mac OS et on prend exactement la même chose sous Linux, donc ça fait 30 millions. Sur les machines bureau on pense qu’on a 350 millions d’actifs, donc en nombre d’installés c’est peut-être 600 millions, 700 millions. Après il y a les mobiles. On a eu, par exemple sur Android, 250 millions de téléchargements, de comptes qui l’ont téléchargé et 60 millions d’actifs et sur iOS quelque chose de similaire. Ça donne un ordre d’idée.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est une grosse masse.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est une grosse masse.

Frédéric Couchet : Donc la partie sécurité doit être stressante !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En particulier parce que nous on fait du C, on est vraiment au bas niveau, on n’est pas en train d'avoir un langage qui nous aide parce que dans le multimédia, on n’a pas le choix, il faut être hyper-performant. On va le plus proche du matériel, donc on a accès au bas niveau, donc on a accès, en fait, vraiment à tout. Pour ceux qui comprennent, quand on est dans VLC on est vraiment en mode kernel quasiment partout.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est-à-dire qu’on est au plus proche du matériel, donc on peut quasiment tout faire.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Et surtout j’ai accès à tout, j’ai accès à tous tes fichiers, si tu crashes VLC, normalement. C’est le même problème qu’a Chrome, sauf que Chrome ils ont une approche, ils ont des millions pour améliorer ça. On a vu, par exemple, la CIA qui a utilisé une fausse version de VLC et, en même temps que tu regardais ton film, il y avait un petit plugin qu’ils avaient rajouté, un petit module de VLC qu’ils avaient rajouté qui, en fait, chiffrait tous tes documents dans ton dossier « Mes documents » sous Windows et les envoyait quelque part. Ce n’était pas notre version de VLC mais c’était une version récupérée quelque part qu’ils redistribuaient et tu ne t’en rends pas compte : tu regardes un film, ça dure deux heures ou trois heures quand c’est Avengers games, donc ton PC travaille, il y a un peu de bruit, ça ne t’étonne pas.
Ça c’est un vrai problème et puis il y a des failles de sécurité, comme pour tous les logiciels, mais les gens font un peu moins les mises à jour que pour Chrome ; pour ton navigateur, tu passes ton temps à faire ça. On a une approche, notamment depuis trois ans, qui est très proactive, où on va notamment analyser le code et faire des choses comme ça pour, justement, trouver des bugs en amont. On a eu un bug bounty par la Commission européenne qui payait des hackers pour essayer de trouver des problèmes dans VLC et ensuite nous on allait réparer.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est le projet FOSSA [Free and Open Source Software Audit] ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Sur le projet FOSSA.

Frédéric Couchet : Le projet FOSSA de la Commission européenne.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Évidemment que c’est grâce à Julia Reda.

Frédéric Couchet : L’ancienne eurodéputée du Parti pirate.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Évidemment il n’y a qu’elle qui est intéressée par ce genre de truc. C'était vraiment très cool et ça permet de remonter des problèmes, mais ça ne règle pas le problème fondamental. Pour régler le problème fondamental on a une idée avec un système de sandboxing, c’est très compliqué et surtout ce sont des choses qui n’ont jamais été faites.

Frédéric Couchet : Est-ce que tu peux expliquer en une phrase ce qu’est le sandboxing ? Ou après la pause musicale si tu veux.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : L’idée du sandboxing et je ne pourrai pas faire plus technique que ça…

Frédéric Couchet : Moins technique que ça.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Ouais, pardon, c’est que quand VLC a un problème, en fait, il est dans son petit environnement, donc il n’a accès à rien sur ta machine, donc ça n’est pas grave.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est un bac à sable juste pour VLC.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est ça. En fait, ça c‘est la théorie. En pratique, il va falloir mettre une dizaine de bacs à sable à l’intérieur de VLC et c’est très compliqué.

Frédéric Couchet : On va permettre aux gens de réfléchir en écoutant une pause musicale. Nous allons écouter Jack’s Playing Ball par Jono Bacon. On se retrouve juste après. Belle journée à l’écoute de Cause Commune.

Voix off : Cause Commune 93.1.

Pause musicale : Jack’s Playing Ball par Jono Bacon.

Frédéric Couchet : Nous venons d’écouter Jack’s Playing Ball par Jono Bacon, disponible sous licence libre Creative Commons BY SA, c’est-à-dire Partage dans les mêmes conditions. Vous retrouverez les références sur le site de l’April, april.org et sur le site de la radio, causecommune.fm.

Vous écoutez toujours l’émission Libre à vous ! sur radio Cause Commune 93.1 FM en Île-de-France et partout ailleurs sur le site causecommune.fm. Je vous rappelle que vous pouvez nous appeler si vous voulez poser une question en direct au 09 50 39 67 59.

Nous allons poursuivre notre discussion sur VLC, le lecteur multimédia libre, avec Jean-Baptiste Kempf du projet VideoLAN et de la société Videolabs dont on parlera tout à l’heure.
Juste avant on parlait de technique et notamment de sandboxing, bac à sable, et pendant la pause musicale Jean-Baptiste m’expliquait un petit peu les projets pour la version à priori 5, ça a l’air d’être quand même un sacré enjeu technique.
Là on va parler un petit peu des problématiques juridiques. On va les aborder rapidement parce que chacune de ces problématiques juridiques est complexe en tant que telle. Déjà j’ai une première question parce que tu es connu pour avoir reçu des propositions, parait-il de plusieurs dizaines de millions d’euros, en échange de l’insertion de publicités et de logiciels malicieux dans VLC et tu as refusé. Pourquoi ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est tout à fait exact. Ça m’est arrivé au moins trois fois, des mecs qui voulaient : en même temps que ça installe VLC, il t’installe un antivirus Avast ou Avira, changer ta page de démarrage ou d’installer des spyware. Ça c’est hostile à l’utilisateur donc pour moi c’est no way, quel que soit le montant.
J’ai des gens qui m’ont proposé de racheter le nom de domaine videolan.org, ils étaient déjà un peu plus malins parce que c’est un peu plus malin que d’essayer de mettre de la merde dans VLC, mais pareil, ça ne correspond pas à quelque chose qui est bien pour mes utilisateurs ni à la philosophie que j’ai autour du projet. Je ne suis pas contre l’argent en soi, mais l’argent ça doit être fait de façon morale.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. Au niveau des problématiques juridiques, on va parler de deux problématiques juridiques précises assez rapidement, les DRM, les menottes numériques et ensuite brevets.
Les DRM, les menottes numériques, on en a déjà parlé avec toi et Marie Duponchelle dans l’émission d’octobre 2018, vous retrouverez le podcast évidemment en ligne, donc les menottes numériques qui empêchent un certain nombre d’usages. Il y a quelques années VLC avait saisi l’HADOPI [Haute autorité pour la diffusion des œuvres et la protection des droits sur Internet] parce que beaucoup de gens ignorent que l’HADOPI, au-delà de son activité bien connue, a normalement la régulation de ce qu’on appelle les mesures techniques de protection, ce que nous on appelle les menottes numériques, et notamment vous l’aviez saisie concernant les Blu-ray, le format des Blu-ray : est-ce que VLC avait les capacités juridiques – non pas techniques parce que techniquement vous saviez le faire, évidemment – pour lire ces fameux Blu-ray. Première question : pourquoi vous avez dû saisir l’HADOPI ? Quelle était la réponse de l’HADOPI et quelle est la situation aujourd’hui par rapport à la lecture notamment de ces Blu-ray ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : VLC est capable de lire les DVD depuis 2001 et, en fait, c’était avant les lois LCEN, EUCD…

Frédéric Couchet : LCEN, loi pour la confiance dans l’économie numérique et EUCD c’est la version française de la directive droit d’auteur.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’était des lois qui avaient été faites. On était passé avant ça. Quand on veut mettre la lecture du Blu-ray dans VLC on est après ça et il y a notamment une agence de régulation des mesures techniques de protection qui avait été créée et qui n’avait jamais rien foutu. Ils n’avaient même pas rendu le rapport annuel qu’ils devaient rendre, donc on a mergé ça dans HADOPI au moment de la loi HADOPI. En théorie, c’était à eux de nous aider parce qu’en fait il y a un problème fondamental qui est l’interopérabilité et les mesures techniques de protection. Grosso modo, ce sont deux concepts qui sont impossibles et puis la loi était hyper peu claire, donc on est allé poser des questions, puisqu’en théorie c’était eux le régulateur. On n’a rien compris à la réponse, en particulier parce qu’ils n’ont rien compris à la question. Ils ont fait ça avec une mauvaise foi absolument forte. Ils n’ont jamais réussi à comprendre, ça a mis deux ans avant qu’on réussisse à avoir une question au gouvernement par un député et c’est à ce moment-là qu’ils ont commencé à se bouger. Grosso modo, ils n’ont rien compris à la question, ils ne nous ont même pas posé la question. En fait ils étaient dans un mode complètement politique avec Franck Riester.

Frédéric Couchet : Actuellement ministre de la Culture et anciennement rapporteur du projet de loi HADOPI.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : À la fin il s’est rendu compte qu’en fait qu’il y avait quelque chose à faire et qu’on n’était pas là juste pour les emmerder, qu’on posait vraiment une question ! Et puis il y avait le secrétaire général de la HADOPI dont j’ai oublié le nom.

Frédéric Couchet : Éric Walter.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Éric Walter, qui a essayé de bouger, mais c’était trop tard. J’ai dit publiquement que c’étaient des gros nuls. Je le redirai publiquement.

Frédéric Couchet : Tu es en train de le dire publiquement.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Je peux le redire une fois de plus, ça ne me dérange pas. Jacques Toubon qui, évidemment, ne se souvient pas de moi parce que c’était mon maire quand j’habitais dans le 13e arrondissement de Paris, qui a écrit dans la presse que j’étais un méchant, grosso modo.

Frédéric Couchet : Jacques Toubon qui est aussi un ancien ministre de la Culture et qui, à l’époque, devait être député européen, je pense.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Peut-être. Aujourd’hui il fait un travail qui est plutôt bien en tant que médiateur civique de la République [Défenseur des droits], je crois que ce qu’il fait est plutôt pas mal. Il m’avait gonflé. Une fois je l’ai croisé, je lui ai dit qu’il n’avait rien compris au sujet et je crois qu’il m’a dit : « C’est possible, je n’ai rien compris ! »

Frédéric Couchet : Donc l’HADOPI a répondu à côté ou n’a pas compris le sujet, aujourd’hui, légalement, comment ça se passe ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Je ne sais pas. Tu p

          

“I AM” Meditations/Affirmations

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Daily Affirmation I am living by Grace and sourced by Love. I have dissolved all concepts of struggle and suffering. I invoke the energy of the Cosmos as I call my good to me today. The limitless abundance of the Universe is flowing now – and I am an open available vessel, ready to be […]
          

it is all for real. . . we must care what we do. . . .

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November 4, 2019—the night before, Sunday the 3rd of November  I read the following and it undid me.  I will write more of this time later but need to post the edited journal entry of Oct 24, ’91.  I have only been familiar with quantum theory since 2015 and Michael Talbot’s holographic universe.  This has […]
          

Dolores Cannon Compilation Concerning “The Event”

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In5D Dolores Cannon Compilation Concerning “The Event” The following article contains excerpts from Dolores Cannon’s The Convoluted Universe, Book 3. by Jonathan Carty, Contributing Writer, In5D.com October 23, 2019 Jonathan Carty – It’s taken a few weeks but I’ve finally gotten through this entire book and I have been bookmarking various pages so that I can come […]
          

Merrill Edge Financial Solutions Advisor - Oklahoma City, OK - Spanish and English fluency required

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Job Description:

At Bank of America, were creating real, meaningful relationships with individuals and businesses across the country. Each day, we connect with 67 million clients through a growing specialist workforce and our world class digital platform. With each relationship and connection, we are looking to provide care and guidance for our clients when they need us most whether they are just starting out, buying a home, building a family or planning for retirement. As part of our commitment, we are looking for the next generation of Financial Advisorsthose with a passion for growing a long term career and a drive to make our clients financial lives better.

If you are an individual who is passionate about helping clients reach their financial goals, join Bank of Americas Advisor Development Program and become a Financial Solutions Advisor in one of over 4,000 financial center locations nationwide. The Financial Center Financial Solutions Advisor role is a pivotal role for experienced advisors looking to grow in a world-class organization.

From day one, you will receive training from our award-winning Academy at Bank of America. This program delivers hands-on practice, personalized coaching and classes that will help you become the advisor you want to be. The Academy also provides training beyond portfolios and investment strategies. Youll learn to consider a clients entire and complex financial picture, and then guide them with advice and solutions to help them live their best financial lives.

With demonstrated success, you have unlimited career growth and the opportunity to advance in many roles within Bank of America and Merrill. The Academy will support you along the way with dedicated programs, tools and resources throughout your career journey.

This position is subject to SAFE Act registration requirements. Pursuant to the SAFE Act requirements, all employees engaged in residential loan mortgage originations must register with the federal registry system and remain in good standing. Since your position requires SAFE Act registration, you will be required to register and to submit to the required SAFE Act background check and registration process. Failure to obtain and/or maintain SAFE Act registration may result in your immediate termination.

Well help you

--- Build a successful career at Bank of America through world-class training and on-boarding programs that set you up for success.

--- Get training and one-on-one coaching from Academy managers who are invested in your success. Youll be enrolled in the Advisor Develop Program, part of The Academy, to develop as an advisor; the potential for growth is yours.

--- Provide end-to-end comprehensive advice, deliver client reviews/presentations with confidence and recommend strategies to help clients achieve their financial goals and life priorities.

--- Get smart on core banking and investment solutions and connect clients to all of the solutions we provide.

--- Build your network. Starting at a financial center, youll interact with banking customers, small business owners and higher net worth clients alike. Youll be able to leverage our relationships with one out of two households in the U.S. to help eventually grow your business.

--- Build connections. Work in the center of the financial universe, tapping into a range of experts, from mortgage lenders to investment analysts.

--- Continuously learn and grow, with on-going career development support and opportunities for advancement with Bank of America and Merrill.

--- Achieve additional professional designations such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and/or Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor (CRPC) or leverage approved tuition reimbursement to further your education.

As a Financial Solutions Advisor II, you can look forward to

--- Unlimited potential for financial growth.

--- A strong referral network from across the business that will give you a leg-up on client acquisition.

--- Robust marketing support to reach wider audiences with greater appeal.

--- Ongoing professional development to deepen your skills and optimize your practice as the industry evolves and changes.

--- Leadership opportunities, from leading client and conference seminars to mentoring junior associates.

Were a culture that

--- Believes in responsible growth and has a proven dedication to supporting the communities we serve.

--- Provides continuous training and developmental opportunities to help people achieve their goals, whatever their background or experience.

--- Believes diversity makes us stronger, so we can reflect, connect to and meet the diverse needs of our clients and customers around the world.

--- Is committed to advancing our tools, technology, and ways of working. We always put our clients first to meet their evolving needs.

Required skills:

--- Currently holds Series 7 & 66 (63 & 65 in lieu of 66) licenses. If you do not currently hold the 66 but have either a 63 or 65, an offer can be extended with the condition that a passing score is received for the missing series within 60 days.

--- Has at least one year experience in the investments industry, including investment training and in-depth knowledge of investment products and services.

--- Has at least one year experience working in the financial service industry and/or a sales environment where goals were met or exceeded.

--- Sets and accomplishes goals, achieving whatever you put your mind to.

--- Builds and nurtures strong relationships.

--- Collaborates effectively with others to get things done.

--- Communicates effectively and confidently and is comfortable engaging all clients.

--- Manages goals, navigates complexity, prioritizes tasks and executes in a fast-paced environment.

--- Likes to learn, adapts to new information and seeks the right solutions for clients.

--- Efficiently manages your time and capacity.

--- Is thorough and thoughtful in incorporating relevant regulatory due diligence into daily activities and long-term strategies for clients.

Desired skills:

--- Strong computer skills with an ability to multitask in a demanding environment.

--- At least three years experience working in the financial service industry and/or a sales environment where goals were met or exceeded.

--- Achieved additional professional designations such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and/or Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor (CRPC).

--- Obtained your insurance licenses.

Shift:1st shift (United States of America)Hours Per Week:40
          

Venkatesh Rao on Waldenponding

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walden-pond.jpg
Writer and management consultant Venkatesh Rao talks about Waldenponding with EconTalk host Russ Roberts. Rao coined the term Waldenponding to describe various levels of retreating from technology akin to how Thoreau extolled the virtues of retreating from social contact and leading a quieter life at Walden Pond. Rao argues that the value of Waldenponding is overrated and that extreme Waldenponding is even somewhat immoral. Rao sees online intellectual life as a form of supercomputer, an intellectual ecosystem that produces new knowledge and intellectual discourse. He encourages all of us to contribute to that intellectual ecosystem even when it can mean losing credit for some of our ideas and potentially some of our uniqueness.

This week's guest:

This week's focus:

Additional ideas and people mentioned in this podcast episode:

A few more readings and background resources:

A few more EconTalk podcast episodes:

TimePodcast Episode Highlights
0:33

Intro. [Recording date: September 13, 2019.]

Russ Roberts: Today is September, 13 2019 and my guest is writer and management consultant, Venkatesh Rao, founder and Editor-in-Chief of Ribbonfarm. Our topic for today is a piece from his newsletter about the seductive nature of our devices and social media and it is called "Against Waldenponding." "Against Waldenponding." Venkat, welcome to EconTalk.

Venkatesh Rao: Great to be here, Russ. Thanks for having me on.

Russ Roberts: So what do you mean by Waldenponding? Which is a phrase--I don't think it's going to catch on, but I loved it.

Venkatesh Rao: I don't know about that. I think it's already caught on, at least in my circles. I did a little Twitter poll and one-third of the people in my feed had heard of it from me, but a bunch of people had heard it not from me. So that's a good measure of inception[?] and the zeitgeist. But yeah, it started, like most things do with me these days--I don't know--a gentle insult to troll some of my friends in tech who I think act a little too, I don't know, solemn, [?self-?] serious about the threat of digital devices hacking our brains. So it started out as an insult. Then I did a little Twitter thread on it and realized I meant it more seriously than I was admitting to myself. Then it turned into a newsletter. Then I did another for part two. And since then I've been sort of exploring the concept all over the place in Twitter and other places.

So the basic idea is: You've got this trend of people advocating some sort of retreat from digital media, and of course Waldenponding is a reference to Thoreau's Walden. So, the idea of not necessarily literally retreating to a log cabin in the woods to meditate--though a lot of people actually do some literal version of that--but somewhere on the spectrum of being very online to being completely offline by Waldenpond, any measure of retreat along that axis is what I call Waldenponding. And the pieces I have been sort of developing as sort of a critical pieces advocating against that. There, I argue that Waldenponding is actually a bad thing and it's sort of a misframing of a problem. It's the wrong response to the, whatever is going on there; and there's more effective ways of engaging with digital technology.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. I want to read an excerpt from your, I'm going to call it an essay. It's a set of bullet points really. A numbered set of points that tie together. But you say "The crude caricature"--you're talking about Waldenponding:

The crude caricature is "smash your smart phone and go live in a log cabin to reclaim your attention and your life from being hacked by evil social media platforms." It is less of a caricature than you might think. At an event I was just at, the opening keynote featured a guy who's literally done just that, and I know at least half a dozen people who have executed a Hard Waldenponding plan with varying degrees of literal fidelity. A great many more have implemented a sort of Soft Waldenponding, marked by digital retreat (aided by various amputation tools that sever or loosen your connection to digital prosthetics), but no log cabin.

So you're not literally against stepping back from some technology sometimes, we should get that straight right from the beginning.

Venkatesh Rao: Yeah, absolutely. So it's almost a critique of what you might say has become a religious doctrine around what's really just a practical matter of, on the one hand engineering design evolution on the part of tech companies, and on the part of users just getting used to a new medium and sort of swinging back and forth on the pendulum a few times before finding sort of a happy medium. And I go back to the history of technologies, and it happens with boring predictability: that you have radio and you have a generation complaining that radio is ruining our brains. You have TV, people complaining that TV is ruining our brains. You have video games, you have same complaints, right?

And it goes back to Plato and Phaedrus and him talking about writing, having the same problem of: you are atrophying your memory by using this weird new medium called writing to preserve your thoughts. So the complaint pattern is not new. Neither is this sort of advocacy of retreat. And it's not that the, those who advocate the retreat are unaware of this long history. So Nick Carr, who I think inaugurated this particular trend of when he wrote The Shallows almost a decade ago, he actually quotes Plato and Phaedrus and says, "All right, still this time it's different. Google is making us stupid." So they're aware of the tradition, but somehow they think it's different this time, which is sort of a common pattern in these things.

So, I would say when you approach this as a practical matter, not as a religious one, it's actually not that hard. It's--there are features available. You can put your phone into dark mode. You can build habits around other information consumption. The diagram I included in my thread has a little turnpike-type visualization of, on the one hand you have the X axis of increasing latency of information consumption. And on the Y axis you have the abstraction with which you consume information. So, you might have something like a book that's written several years after something important has happened. So it's several years lagging. But because it's able to go deep and analyze at higher levels of abstraction, it goes up on the Y axis as well. So that's one extreme.

And on the other extreme, you have a real life sense of what's going on on Twitter today and life sense of sophisticated conversations happening. So it's not all shared posting. So if you're able to go up and down the turnpike to suit your needs, you will sort of meet your informational needs. And I think what ends up happening when these people react against people doing just that, making their own decisions on where to be along that axis and how much attention to allocate on each part, they make the mistake of--I think they make three mistakes. The first is they overestimate their own agency as designers of the mechanisms. So you have, for example, Tristan Harris and Nir Eyal--I don't know how to say his name--but both began their careers as actual designers of web technology--

Russ Roberts: Yeah, that's, by the way, that's Nir Eyal. And he's coming to EconTalk in a couple months. Carry on.

Venkatesh Rao: Absolutely. You should ask him about this stuff. And I think both are great people, very thoughtful people. They've seen the design side of this stuff. They've actually worked on hacking attention-type technologies with tech companies. And then they've kind of had almost like a finding-religion moment where they've gone to the other side and sort of in their mind recognized sort of the dark side of this technology. And, they're now in this sort of evangelical mode where some of it almost sounds like an AA [Alcoholics Anonymouse] program where it's like you have to admit you're powerless and the godlike technology has hacked your attention and you have to admit that there's a higher power and you're powerless. I get a very AA vibe from it.

And I think so that's one mistake they make. Just because they've been involved in the design of this sort of attention-manipulation technologies, they overestimate the actual importance of that element of the puzzle.

The second thing they do is they underestimate the actual level of agency we, as users, bring to our information consumption choices. And I don't think that they actually stop to think too hard about the, what I think is the null hypothesis here, which is that if I'm spending say 50% of my time shit-posting on Twitter, 30% writing random little threads on newsletters and only say, 5%, working on "big, serious, solemn" papers and books, that's actually an attention allocation I might want. If I'm watching five hours of TV a day, that's an attention allocation I might want. So I think they underestimate the degree to which there is actually conscious agency here and they attribute too much to the evil UI [User Interface] designers.

And the third thing that I think is part of their big mistake is: they don't realize the extent to which the behaviors we are now experimenting with across the board are actually a response to a much bigger thing. Namely, the information environment has in fact radically shifted. So it's not just a matter of like, you know, clever UI designers are designing infinite scrolling, patterns with sub-microsecond insertions into the attention loop. It is actually, genuinely the case that several orders of magnitude more information has come online, and our old ways of processing information that were sort of evolved in scarcity environments, they just don't work anymore. So everything we are trying, from being like, you know, gonzo present in live Twitter feeds all the way to the other end where you retreat to a log cabin and only read ancient Greek classics--this entire spectrum of experimentation represents very useful and important evolutionary adaptations experiments. And you kind of have to let these things run and figure out what works.

10:33

Russ Roberts: So, a part of that--let me try to summarize that in some of the ways we've been talking about these topics here recently on EconTalk. So, one issue is this addictive question; and you're suggesting that some of that is overrated in terms of how addictive they can make it. And the second is, we have some control over it obviously. I think the question on that is, is whether we get control of it by taking it off our smartphone--a particular app that we have trouble not going to all the time--versus, say, regulating these companies. And listeners know I'm a big fan of letting cultural response to this happen. And you're making the, I think very relevant, point that this is such an early change, the idea that we're going to just stay as we are in how we interact with this technology is absurd. We're going to change in all kinds of ways and we need some time to do that. I think that's very wise.

The deeper point, of course, also you make is that people enjoy these things. We like these things. It's fun. It's not addiction: that's just a word to vilify it and it's a puritanical concept to make it sound wicked or evil.

The third point, which I would also react to, about longer, deeper dives in deeper ideas: The question is whether that seems to have gotten harder. I know for me, I'm 64 and maybe I'm just getting older, but my ability to sit with a text without interrupting it, with email checking, Twitter checking and other types of distraction seems to have changed. Now, that could be because I haven't reacted correctly or fully to this new information stream. It could be, though, that there is something here to be concerned about. The question is what should we do about that concern?

And I think there's a final point I want to add onto that you make I think is the real, in many ways the punchline: We have this cornucopia, this incredible perfusion of stimulus. Some of it is very superficial and just a little dopamine hit of 'I got another follower.' Some of it as superficial as you point out, because it's gossip about somebody's habits online. They're up there with some shortcoming that people want to wave around. That feels a lot like a waste of time. But, if we're careful, that's not the way we spend most of our time on Twitter. It's not the way we spend most of our time on social media. It's not the way we spend most of our time online. There's such extraordinary riches up and down the line of depth versus superficial, which is one of the ways of thinking of the axis that you're describing.

And it's a glorious time to be alive. You know, I think moaning and complaining about how horrible it is, it's a form of virtue signaling, obviously. It's part of--you allude to that in various point, times in your essay. But I think the right way to think about this is: As individuals, let's make a choice. Here we have this unbelievable menu. Yes, there's some really fattening, unhealthy things down at this part of the buffet. But this other part of the buffett--and some of that's, it's fun. You can have an ice cream cone now and then. You don't want to eat it all day, but the rest of the time, you've got this extraordinary profusion of ideas and opportunities to learn and explore. And just the question is: How do we navigate that?

Venkatesh Rao: So I want to react to a couple of things you said because, the way you framed your response to the trends so far is almost--it's an apologist's mode of--it overemphasizes actually the very criticisms that drive Waldenponding, which I think are actually wrong. So if you actually look at the things they're recommending--so, take for example, academic papers or academic books and I come from the academic world, same as you. I spent several years in my Ph.D. and postdoc research diving into archival journals, technical textbooks. And my background is in mechanical and aerospace engineering. And it might not be as bad as say, social psychology, but honestly, 90% of all papers and technical materials I read was junk. And I hated it.

And my own papers--I'm not going to spend my career as anything great. But I think I was an okay researcher. I got maybe a few citations for the few papers I wrote while I was in academic research. But when I moved over to the blogosphere, it's so much a richer environment, and the conversation gets smarter and better so much faster. So, my best blog posts, they've gotten thousands and thousands of reactions and wonderful conversations have come out that. Things that never happened with my academic work, which kind of languish in obscurity. And most academic work, by the way, deserves to languish in obscurity. You'll see this comment a lot in sort of hard line, 'Twitter is good'-people, which I include myself in. Where you'd say things like, 'That book should be a blog post at best and the heated blog post should just be a Twitter thread.'

And this assessment that we are all coming to in my corner of the discourse is because we're starting to see that the appearance and formal structure of depth does not equal actual depth. So the, what I think of as the traditional literary industrial complex of academia, TED talks, very high gravitas, newspaper op-eds and stuff, it has the form and structure of depth. You look at it and you think, 'Hey, this should be good, deep stuff.' But it's not. I mean, you look at the New York Times op-ed section--it's like warmed over, recycled one-week-late clickbaiting that's actually picking up where Twitter leaves off. And the original conversation on Twitter ends up being, like higher signal, lower noise, more interesting and more current than the NewYork op-ed version of it. You look at half the books that come out--they're the same.

So I want to sort of point that out that so this is not a both sides-ist argument. This is actually a comment on humanity. Humans come in grades of, like, sophistication, shallowness, superficiality of interests, depth of interests. And you will find people in every medium who are going deep and doing, like, profoundly interesting things, exploring information spaces. And you will find 90% of people using whatever form the medium offers to produce honestly, bullshit.

17:33

Russ Roberts: Yeah, well--Venkat, I just want to react to that for a sec because I think you're onto something there. The part that--I know you're critiquing my critique a little bit--but, the part I want to really agree with is that a lot of this worry about social media is a form of condescension. It's basically, 'Well, I know how to handle it, of course. I'm sophisticated. I'm deep. I'm thoughtful. It's them, the masses, the rest of the folks. They need help. They need to be controlled because they can't control themselves.' There is a definite paternalism there that I do not like; and I want to make it clear that I don't embrace that.

Venkatesh Rao: Absolutely. There's several dimensions to this. So there's, the one I was going after is almost like foreign structure conflation in understanding media. You're pointing out the sort of elite-versus-commoner relationship of condescension and sort of.

Actually, riffing a little bit more on that, that's been a sort of ongoing theme for about 20 years in conversations about digital media. Right? I mean, you had Surowiecki with his Wisdom of Crowds book. I think that was 2002. So we've been having this conversation for at least a couple of decades, and we now know a lot more. I mean, this is an economics podcast and to a large extent what we're talking about really is in some sense, efficiency and intelligence of information markets. Right? And, 'wisdom of crowds' is a thing. There are times when crowds can act stupid and insane where they uncritically just repeat each other.

But there's other times when crowds are actually constituted of individuals who bring a lot of private knowledge and they're kind of adding a lot of intelligence, and mechanisms sort of coordinate and wire that information together. And a larger emergent intelligence appears.

And we are very familiar with one mechanism by which this happens, namely the economic markets, which is the focus of your world. But I think we are just seeing the emergence of an entirely different mechanism that works on the same principles. And I've written quite a bit about this as well, both in the original thread and in subsequent tweets and newsletters. But I think of this as what I call the graph mind. You can call it the high brain. I also think of it as the global social computer in the cloud.

But, the idea is that this is an extraordinarily powerful computing and intelligence-extracting mechanism that functions something like a market. It's a big distributed computer. But to participate in it, you have to be willing to let your individuality be subsumed in the larger conversation.

So, when you're on Twitter and bantering back and forth with a bunch of other smart people, what you say and what you do and the memes and the clever coinages you come up with--that matters. But who you are doesn't. So this is why one of my metrics of success for myself as a blogger and very online person is, there's nothing better than seeing a meme that you helped create, sort of propagate through the wilderness of social media and nobody knows where it came from. I'm often like really pleased when that happens.

And I've done that a few times. Like one of the coinages I have been credited with is the phrase 'premium mediocre,' which comes from an article I wrote called "The Premium Mediocre Life of Maya Millennial." That blog was a viral hit; a lot of people appreciated it. But what I loved even more was: as that idea percolated through the zeitgeist, through the global social computer in the cloud, and I do Twitter searches, a lot of people are now starting to use it in roughly the way I intended in coining it, and have no idea where it came from. And it's lovely. It's like I have added a small, I don't know, a vitamin pill of intelligence to the discourse, and it's hopefully making the competition and processing of information a little bit more efficient. So, my reaction to this is both surprise and delight at being able to do this.

But for a lot of people, the reaction when this happens is utter dismay. They feel they've been appropriated; they feel their best thinking has been diluted and leaked out into the wilderness rather than captured and monetized.

And I think that comes from the sense of what I've been calling 'fear of being ordinary.' So you've got 'fear of missing out,' which is a syndrome we sometimes think of people like myself having, which is we're online all the time and are afraid we'll miss some exciting new thing that happens. But fear of being ordinary is when you let yourself be that online sort of gonzo present in social media, you kind of lose your individuality and you become just part of this computational soup. And great things come out of the computational soup, but chances are you're not going to get what you think of is the appropriate level of credit for that. So Waldenponding in one sense is a retreat to reclaim your individuality.

So, I have been playing around with metaphors like: you're doing an attention stock buyback and shrinking sort of your presence even at the expense of doing less in the world; You claim more credits for what you do in fact do. So there's a fear of being ordinary. You want to live in a domain where you can claim authorial credit--authorship for the ideas you come up with. You want to be a legible part of a tradition you want to associate yourself with. Like, I looked up your work and you're--what is it?--a fourth generation Chicago school economist, right? And that's a well known legible tradition. You can draw genealogy of generations of economists who worked on a set of ideas and you can trace the descent of ideas.

So that's one kind of idea space where you can kind of trace the provenance of ideas. And that's great. And it's a kind of idea space we are very comfortable being in. It has a calculus of merit and credit and appreciation and advancement and rewards. But on the other hand, you have this great new thing coming up. It can compute answers to questions that are much more complex and subtle than we could ever compute with either the academic tradition or the market tradition or the journalistic tradition. And we have to get used to working in that mode. So my reaction to this is delight; but for a lot of people it's fear of being ordinary, fear of sort of having their individuality lost, even if the output is extraordinarily enlightened insights.

24:11

Russ Roberts: Yeah. So, I'll just add a couple things to that. I think that's a very deep thought actually. And I liked--you talked about the essay FOMO and FOBO--Fear of Missing Out and Fear of Being Ordinary. And my first thought was, when I read that was, 'Well, I'm not really afraid of being ordinary. I have my followers on Twitter. They see what I write. My name's attached to it.'

But you're making a deeper point. I want to try to, let me try to expand on it a little bit. So, somebody gave me your name or I saw a reference to something you wrote on Ribbonfarm, maybe two years ago. And I looked at it, and I thought, 'You know, I'm not sure that's going to make a good EconTalk, but I wish it did. It's interesting, but I'm going to leave it alone.' I put it down and I forgot about you. And then, somewhere along the line, somehow--I don't know how--this Waldenponding piece got referenced to me.

I didn't see you in the hall and say, 'What have you written lately?' and you said, 'Oh, You'll like this.' Somehow, and my wife always says, 'How'd you find out about X?' I always say, 'How do I know?' I don't know how to answer that. Twitter, email, suggestions. I get emails from listeners. So, let's pretend somebody actually sent this to me. It's possible. I've forgotten. I haven't keep track of it. So it's a nice idea to say, 'My guest today is Venkatesh Rao and I want to thank so-and-so for suggesting it.' I've forgotten that.

Worse, I have a quote in my Adam Smith book that starts off 'The universe is full of dots.' And I'm not going to quote it verbatim here, but gist of the quote is: the secret is not what you can do by connecting the dots. The real question is why did you leave out all the other dots you could have included? It's a deep and beautiful way to talk about cherry picking. And people think I said that, because it's in my book; it gets quoted on Twitter all the time. I didn't say it. Sam Thomsen, who I don't know; but I like to point it out. Because it's such a wonderful quote, I like to give him credit.

But as you're pointing out now, you can argue that it's really not important who gets the credit. Now, our egos want the credit. And you could argue as an economist--I'm not going to--that by giving credit, we encourage people to look for more ideas. I think that's kind of silly. I don't think that's why we're generating ideas and clever thoughts. Some of it it's ego. Some of it it's just the part of being human and the delight we get in wordplay.

So Waldenponding--I don't think you sat around saying, 'This is going to make me more money. I'm going to get to be on more media and I'm going to be able to charge more when I speak.' You just enjoyed the phrase. You thought of it. It was a moment of eureka.

But the other point I want to make--and I think this, to come back to your, this idea of the fear of being ordinary--I think there's a tribalism and an identity issue here. So, I'm much less of a Chicago economist than I was when I came out of graduate school. I've sort of shucked off some of that identity. It's kind of a, more like my town than where I live now. And I kind of like that. I'm proud of it because it is this heritage and tradition; and I kind of like that I've moved away. I've made my own distance from it. But I have a new identity. I have a new set of clothes, a new set of style.

And I think what you're suggesting is, is that when you we are on the internet, when we're in these social media clouds and soups and stews, and we have all these wonderful words to try to capture this emergent phenomenon called the wisdom of network conversation--when I'm in that, I kind of don't have an identity. And I think that's your point. I don't have that tribal feeling. And I do think--although I could have my tribes within it, of course: I can't help myself there. I tend to find tribes on my social media, and I think that's a human impulse we have. But ultimately, I'm submerged in the tribe. I'm submerged in Twitter.

And what you're suggesting--and I'm going to try it out and see what you think--kind of suggesting: 'Okay, Twitter is--there's some really bad neighborhoods in Twitter. And there's some high rise apartments that look really beautiful, but once you get inside them, they're not so great. But there's also this wonderful back and forth. There's this neighborhood bar, that's virtual, where I can go hang out. And it's--unlike the bar in "Cheers," nobody knows your name. They know it literally because they see what your Twitter handle is. But, you're creating something.'

And I think the idea that that is something noble, that that is something human, that that is something that's actually productive even, is--it's a novel idea. I think most of us think of it as just entertainment. And that's totally wrong. And I think one of your many insights here is that, you're actually participating in something quite grand that you're not even probably aware of, as is true of any emergent phenomena. We always use the ant and the ant colony. The ant knows nothing about the purpose of the ant colony. It just has this very narrow task of, say, dropping pheromones for other ants to follow to the trail of where the food is. They don't realize what the consequences are, don't think about it. So here we are, just kind of fooling around, yelling. Got my megaphone--it's a very small megaphone--on these social media platforms. And, as we all talk together, we create something unique.

So I think it's a really beautiful idea and it's not an easy idea to sell, but I like it. And I think the fear of being ordinary, the FOBO worry, that I'll be submerged in this soup and only be a virtual cog of some sort. is part of what's going on here.

Venkatesh Rao: Yeah, and you're right. It's one of those things that I think a lot of us are realizing at the same time, that there's something much deeper going on.

And I want to sort of go back to a couple of things you said, like, think of the idea of like the dots you didn't connect or the fact that I pegged you as a Chicago school economist and you clarified that you've kind of drifted off that. So a lot of this idea of, like, ego-validating narrative construction that we think of as the history of an intellectual tradition or tradition of ideas--it's pure myth-making. It's just a pretty story we tell ourselves about what actually happened. It's a narrative on top of a lot of phenomenology. And, arguably it's a false sense of sort of historical clarity on top of a tradition that was never not murky. So Twitter has just made it impossible for us to lie about the truth of our intellectual tradition and histories. You might credit one person with sort of taking you down a bunny trail. You don't know about the six other people who are involved in the soup, and you just could not see the soup before. Now you can see the soup. You can see every connection that the soup is making.

So that's one point to keep in mind: that it was always false. It's not that it became false now, but the soup has always been the actual foundation of the discourse.

Another interesting idea is, you've got the famous Harry Truman quote--what is it? --'It's amazing what's possible when you don't care who gets the credit'?

Russ Roberts: Yeah. Well, it's a good example because Harry Truman didn't say that.

Venkatesh Rao: Exactly.

Russ Roberts: It's gets attributed to Ronald Reagan who certainly--if Harry Truman said it, it probably didn't start with Ronald Reagan. Although it's a deep and obvious truth. So it could have been thought of by more than one person.

As far as I know, the first example that I know of the coining[?] is in David McCullough's book on the Panama Canal. The engineer who built the canal said that; and I'm blanking on his name, which is perfect for this conversation, right? I'm not giving him the credit. I'm going to confuse him with the guy who built the Brooklyn Bridge. But the guy who built the Panama Canal, which took an enormous team of human beings in all different capacities said that, I think at least before Harry Truman. Carry on.

Venkatesh Rao: So that's actually a wonderful example, and it's great that it kind of organically emerged in our conversation [?inaudible 00:32:26]. And interestingly, that phenomenon has a name. Have you heard of Stigler's Law of Eponymy?

Russ Roberts: Of course. He was on my--

Venkatesh Rao: He didn't come up with that.

Russ Roberts: He was on my Committee, and I actually--my Ph.D Committee. But it's George Stigler we're talking about. And it's funny that you mention it because it crossed my mind about six minutes ago and I thought, 'Should I bring that up? Nah, I'll leave it alone.' Explain what it is.

Venkatesh Rao: I think it's perfectly pertinent and it's wonderful that Stigler's Law of Eponymy was not actually coined by Stigler. And it's--you see this sort of thing all over the place. Like, these days when I do actually write a serious longer essay or book chapter and I actually do try to go and look for the provenance of various quotes, I'm amazed at how often that I find, like, True Quote Investigator or one of those sites, just how deep the bunny trail behind every false-attributed quote goes. It's like versions and versions and versions and in the end it gets lost in some murky thing 100 years ago. And I love that, because it tells me that books written 50, 60 years ago where you couldn't do this kind of research as easily are likely absolutely chock full of misattribution. So it's like rotten all the way through, the citational sort of web there. So it's kind of good that we're backing off from that.

Russ Roberts: But describe--you say what it is, Stigler's Law of Eponymy. It's: Things named after people weren't discovered by them.

Venkatesh Rao: Exactly. And I wouldn't sort of generalize that to all ideas. So, not just name things like children's or ideas, just in general. Like take Waldenponding. I know I thought of it independently, but I haven't actually done the research to see, like, in the 100-plus years since Thoreau, whether somebody else came up with that kind of satirical [?]--

34:14

Russ Roberts: Well, it's also possible that someone else thought of it; you saw it, didn't notice it; and it somehow rose in your brand. That happens to me with other people's work; but it happens to me with my own work. I think of what I think is a novel idea, and I thought of it already, but I forgot about it.

Venkatesh Rao: Yep. So all of this, I think what we're both getting at is the absolute richness of thought and intelligence-mining that can come up if you sort of let your identity, not necessarily be dissolved--it's not like we're all joining Twitter as a cult--but sort of set it on the side. It's not like you're losing your identity. You're just not using it at the moment. And you're diving in. So much is possible. And, when you look at the opposite of vector that a lot of people are encouraging us to go on, which is Waldenponding--which ironically, by the way, the biggest evangelists are former technologists who had a hand in designing that end. And this is like a historical pattern. The biggest evangelist for religion are the ones who left the opposing religion. Right? And it's when you've talked to--

Russ Roberts: Sure. More Catholic than the Pope. That's where it comes--that's what that expression is about. Right? The convert is more Catholic than the Pope. It's a real thing.

Venkatesh Rao: And you see, when you talk to, like, regular people who are not part of the Silicon Valley tech economy like we are, they're actually not as--I don't know--they don't take this as seriously. They're just rolling with it and figuring it out as they go along. And most of them are doing a reasonably good job.

Now, this doesn't mean there aren't elements of what they're doing that aren't valuable. I do think, whereas the overall shaming campaign of shaming the tech companies into like broad manifesto-ish stuff that's, like, not helpful. There may be specific ideas of, 'All right, turn off this dark pattern; have this ability to clear dark mode.'

All those are maybe good, but I do want to point out one exception to this general critique, which is: when you have these large, bottom-up platforms of, like, participatory conversations, and something like national cybersecurity agency with like very trained operatives gets in and they are running the equal end of information special ops and misinformation campaigns and things like that, that's something that you do have to kind of take seriously and as a special case of what's happening.

So, hacking of election discourses and things like that is what I'm getting at. So there, yeah. But that's a very special case and that's not something the general Waldenponding, [?] retreat, works on. But the reason I'm bringing that up is if you look at this conversation we've been having it for about 15, 20 years--Nick Carr, Cal Newport on Deep Work, all that stuff. But it got particularly acute in the last three or four years for a couple of unrelated reasons. One is, you've got all this political-grade [?] and just the general PTSD [Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder] of being online at a toxic time. And a lot of that is caused very deliberately by focused bad actors. So, that's one thing that's getting conflated. And the other is that whether it's caused by Russian spies or, you know, generally a lot of toxic baggage being aired, part of the retreat is a pattern of healing rather than actual adaptation to a new information environment. And this, I think, is actually a legitimate thing. So, if you are, say, in, particularly in the politics part of Twitter and you're a good fit and you've been enjoying being part of the big soup computer since before 2016, but in 2016, it just got a little too toxic and you retreated--I think that's a good thing. That's a kind of information-processing hygiene that we all have to develop. We have to learn to retreat when the psychological stress is too much and then go back in when we've kind of recovered and healed a bit. So, managing your sort of emotional reactions to the discourse is actually important.

But this again I would argue is just more intense and democratic right now. But it's always been the case. Like you could have been in an academic seminar 30 years ago where a rude older faculty member sort of said something rude and you had to go away and go on a vacation to recover from the trauma, right?

Russ Roberts: Yeah. You got beat up. Yeah.

Venkatesh Rao: It's a learning process.

38:32

Russ Roberts: I want to give an example of that. And then I want to challenge your--might want to draw the boundary in a different place. So, I'm pretty active on Twitter. Sometimes I worry I'm too active. I do think if I'm not careful, I'm down in the bottom left-hand corner of your diagram on small-minded things--it's more like gossip rather than the deep exchange of ideas. And I recently--it's just it's bizarre, but it took me this long to have this cultural response--I recently started blocking people. And I feel bad--which is funny. Somebody comes online, who follows me on Twitter, somebody tweets; they are nasty. Potentially sometimes antisemitic. They are, at a minimum, rude. And the thing they do that starts to bother me so much that I now put it in my profile on Twitter is: they assume the worst about me and don't bother finding out what I actually think or say.

Russ Roberts: And I just block them. I want to say it's in my profile: I say I now block people who do that. And at first, I thought, like, 'It makes me comfortable.' But what it's really like is a guy is, you're out in your yard and a guy comes down the street, his windows are down in his car and he yells some antisemitic or grotesque insult to you. And it's one thing to say, 'Well, just don't listen to it.' But that's hard to do. It's really hard to do. It's much better just to say, 'I'm going to go inside now. I'm not going to let this guy bug me. I'm not going to let him get at me.' And so now I just block him; and it's fantastic. It is a way to cope with this emotional part of this that I think we're really unprepared for it.

The other example, the other metaphor I like for this--and you can steal this, thank God, and use it in your own: pretend you thought of it--is, to me, Twitter is like somebody putting a bumper sticker on my car. Right? I'm driving down the street. All of a sudden somebody slaps a bumper sticker on my car about my identity or myself. And it's like, 'No, no, no. I get to decide what bumper sticker goes on my car.' And I think that's the dark side of Twitter. And I just block people who put bumper stickers on my car that aren't really describing what kind of person I am. Okay. So, you want to say something: Go ahead.

Venkatesh Rao: Oh, yeah: I think that's a very important point. And I actually made this point in a couple of newsletters ago: that social media has an addictive bias. You're encouraged to acquire followers, post more and more. And it has very few subtracting mechanisms like blocking and muting. And the ones that we do have are primitive and kind of a nuclear option.

So, I would actually state your point in an even stronger form. I also initially did not like blocking because it seemed uncivil; and I think I had the wrong calibration of what civility is. But I've since gone beyond like just blocking rude people or people who are just very objectionably ideologically too far from me, and simply blocking anybody with whom I have too much problem just getting through and it's simply not worth the trouble.

So, I love Jeff Bezos's line that Amazon is willing to be misunderstood for long periods of time. So, I adopt that attitude in my role in places like Twitter, which is: I am willing to be misunderstood for long periods of time. I'm part of some very productive social media, hive-mind competitions, and that I like and I want to be there and I want to be part of that conversation. But other conversations, things I might say very casually and quickly without, like, trying to be very clearly understood by people who don't know me, I am going to be misunderstood. And I'm okay with that. And quite often there's going to be an asymmetry on the part of my relationship with people who I end up confusing. So, I might have very little interest in making sure somebody else understands me correctly, but they might have a very intense interest in making sure they understand me correctly.

And often they get annoyingly, almost jokingly, where they're like constantly dogging me to self-clarify, add detail. And I'm like, 'Sorry, this is not a useful part of a conversation for me and I'm not doing.' So, this is like a market. It's ultimately selfish individual motives. 'I'm not being altruistic here. I'm participating in conversations that are productive for me as well. And if it's not, and you're being a little too annoying, I'm going to mute or block you.' So I've done that multiple times and I become very liberal with that and it's almost become like, it's not a personal thing any more. And most of my blocks and mutes are in fact not about civility at all any more. I would say eight out of 10 of them are, 'You're just being annoying. The conversational gap between our respective computational processes in this global social computer are just too far apart. Let's not bother. It's just not worth trying to cross-pollinate intelligence across these two conversations.'

So that's my reaction. But another sort of related phenomenon I want to point out is, I think of the most productive conversations in places like Twitter as ones that are not tribal. That don't degenerate into tribal derping. So, for me it's like confirmation and disconfirmation are the two least useful things to do on Twitter. The most useful thing is to actually find a new dimension and vector of a conversation that's neither confirmatory nor dis-confirmatory. And a lot of people don't like that. They are in such strong, you know, beef-only mode or psychology or are constantly beefing along tribal lines, all they're interested in is confirmation and dis-confirmation. And that's just not interesting because it's a kind of computation that can be run on, like, the New York Times op-ed section. It's a primitive kind of discourse. I'm just not interested. I'm interested in the more sophisticated discourses that Twitter is capable of.

Russ Roberts: What we need is a website where there would be a microphone; you would say something like 'I like mushroom pizza,' and there would be an enormous roar of like a football stadium size crowd. You know, so that you can get fix of ego and tribal sentiment. You could have different kinds. When you say, 'I don't like so-and-so,' some political figure, the crowd would not just roar, but angrily roar and sound violent. Anyway.

Venkatesh Rao: I think you describe Instagram.

Russ Roberts: Instagram. I'm not much of an Instagrammer, so I can't fully respond to that.

45:04

Russ Roberts: I want to ask you a different question. I think there are two places where I disagree with you in a more fundamental way. And I'll let you react to this. So the first one is, we've never met. You and I have never met. I have an instinctive liking for you based on the way you write and your flamboyant style. The fact that you have all kinds of insights--some of which I don't understand, by the way. Which is fun. That's a plus. That's feature, not a bug. Right? So I've read a few of your pieces before and I like them a lot. So we could imagine in the old days you'd have an article in a magazine, and I would enjoy that, and I would write you a letter. And I would say, 'Dear Mr. Rao, I really enjoyed your piece on Waldenponding. I found it very thoughtful.'

And then I might say something like, 'I wrote a piece that's related to that you might enjoy, if your library has it, blah blah blah.' So that's a 1950s, 1970s interaction. And you'd get that letter to be fun. My father used to write poets and other people, other authors whose work he liked, and they would often write back. Here's a letter from Robert Penn Warren, which shocked me that Robert Penn Warren bothered to respond to my dad--who's in a different part in the soup. But he had time and was either flattered or thought it was important--for whatever reason he responded. It was really sweet. So that's the old style.

Now, today, you and I could have a Twitter friendship. We could go back and forth on Twitter. We haven't, I don't think, much. I did just before an hour or two before the conversation: I tweeted an article about Thoreau and Walden that you, I saw you liked that. I thought, 'That's nice. He's paying attention. That's good. And maybe he'll read it before we do this interview. It's by Kathryn Schulz--and if we don't get to talk about it, we'll put a link up to it--where she explains Thoreau is a wicked and despicable person and a hypocrite. And the whole Waldenponding thing is nonsense.' But it's a great piece, by the way. Very thoughtful and entertaining and written with great, fervent style as Kathryn Schulz often does. So I just mentioned that in passing

But, we could've responded. Instead of having you on EconTalk, we could have gone back and forth on Twitter. But now we got to a new level. We're having an actual conversation, audio. We video-Skyped for a minute when we started this and we could see each other.

And then the fourth level--this is what I want to focus on. The next level would be, the next time I'm in Seattle or you're in the Washington D.C. area, we could sit down and have coffee, and that would be kind of fun just to see each other face to face. But the real, I think the more important thing would be if we could have coffee regularly--and I have friends I have coffee with regularly--a different type of conversation emerges. A different type of human experience emerges. Some of it, by the way, is overrated. Some of it is--Tyler Cowen recently defended social media versus parties. Parties are face-to-face but often loud, empty and superficial. And he's got something to say there. But, at the same time, I don't think we want to underrate deep human face-to-face connection. And I do think that the digital revolution has challenged that. And, there is a temptation to stay in my room all day, flicking through Twitter if I'm not careful. So you didn't mention anything like that. Do you want to say anything about that?

Venkatesh Rao: Oh, absolutely. I think that's because you have, most of your life still in traditional institutions. I believe you are at Hoover. So right now, by the way, I'm not in Seattle: I'm in Los Angeles on a fellowship at the Berggruen Institute, but I've spent much of the last 10 years out in the wild, so to speak. And a lot of what you describe, for me it has happened a lot more intensely out here in the social media wild than it ever did in my institutional settings. So, for four years before I became a free agent consultant blogger, so 2006-2011, I was working at Xerox in their research group and I had like hallway interactions. And before that I was in academia for almost a decade, and I would have the same kind of hallway interactions and extended frequent coffee or lunch dates with colleagues and coworkers.

So I had all that. In fact, there used to be a law called the 50-Foot Law, which was most collaboration happens within 50 feet. This is pre-internet. And one of the first things I ever wrote about Twitter, when I first saw Twitter--this was 2007 or 2008, one of my earliest blog posts about Twitter was the 50-Foot Rule has been sort of refactored online, and now your 50-foot zone is actually global. So now you have to reimagine that 50-foot zone as the zone of what you can think of as intimate conversations on Twitter that are likely to escalate into long, extended relationships that will actually get as intimate as physical distance and geography allows. So there are people who've literally gotten married off Twitter. So that's an extreme case.

But yeah, over the last 10, 15 years, when I look back, I started a conference around my blog. I've had a huge number of wonderful friendships and collaborations emerge from it. There's people I meet as regularly as I can. There's Facebook groups, slacks[?], extended email threads, lots of consulting gigs have come out of this. So I would say, for my sort of extra institutional feral lifestyle for the last decade, the kind of things you say are valuable and precious about the old institutional life, I've experienced them about two x, three x more than I ever did in institutional life. So I think the reason people don't realize this is they still have enough invested in the old institutional life that they have no need to kind of develop it in the social media world. And what ends up happening if you're forced to do that is you discover that it's possible to do that stuff in a lot more deep way and a lot more flexible way. And it's only a question of how imaginative you are and how much you actually want it.

51:18

Russ Roberts: So I think if Nick Carr--whose book, I apologize to Mr. Carr, I have not read--as you say, I think you alluded to earlier, I think he's the guy who said Google is ruining your brain. And he did have a book called The Shallows. I do remember that. What he might respond--and I'm going to disagree with him after I give his fake response, and then you can see if you agree with either of us. You might say, 'Okay, that's all nice. But the truth is, is that our face-to-face interactions have deteriorated as the internet has arisen because now our attention span is shorter. We might be face to face, but we're more likely to check our phone, respond to a text, flick through Twitter, find it hard to stay focused on a person face to face because I want to get back to my email and back to my Twitterverse.'

And what I'm going to disagree with him, and I'm going to use your metaphor: I think that there's some truth to it, by the way. I don't think it's absurd. I think that it is harder for people to sit still at dinner. And we have a rule in our house: we don't answer the phone or look at our phones during meals. I think those are some good rules. I think that's okay. But I think there's a range of face-to-face, a range of physical interaction. You've inspired me: we'll call it--I'm sure there's a cleverer version--brick and mortaring. As a human, I need to get a pun on 'brick,' like friend and mortaring. We'll figure it out later.

But, I have lots of face-to-face interactions that are superficial and somewhat sterile. And then we have really deep ones. We have really extraordinary connections we make with people online and then also face to face. And I don't think we've lost those. I don't think we've lost the ability to have the deep ones. And it's like your continuum of sort of gossipy superficial conversation down in the left-hand corner, and up in the right-hand corner is a profound exchange of ideas that changes the way you look at the world, that connects you to another human being in a way that creates a great emotional reward and delight.

And I think those, if I could take the most charitable view of the internet, is that--and I can say this as the host of EconTalk--I've met more interesting people in the last 10 years face to face, certainly online, certainly over interviewing people. That's been an amazing gift and privilege to be able to do that. But the face-to-face times that I interact with people are still deeply moving and profound. And as you say, I think you're right. I think I have more of them. I have exposure to more interesting people than I did in a world where I'd have that 50-Foot Rule and only interact with the people on my corridor.

Venkatesh Rao: Absolutely. And I would, again, I seem to be in a pattern of taking your points and refitting them in an even stronger form. But I would say, when you talk about brick and mortaring, look back at the reality of our pre-internet sort of highly brick and mortar social life. And, like Tyler Cowen said, many parties are empty. But I would elaborate on that and say: We remember the interactions that are lovely and wonderful face-to-face interactions, but we kind of block out of our memories the ones that are not. And I remember growing up, so many damn boring visits to my parents' friends, ceremonial culture of norms. I'm sure you know what I'm talking about. We used to live in a culture of norms where there was an expectation of sort of polite participation in vast hours, countless hours of like really boring, tedious face time. And I hated it.

And one of the most wonderful things that has happened as a result of the internet is that those online internet norms of 'If I'm bored, I'm going to leave,' they're actually percolating into meatspace. And the way that's happening is--for example, this became the Law of Two Feet in what used to be called open space technology and then became BarCamps. Where, when you do an unconference, you don't have the old academic conference approach of, just because of a respected elder professor is doing the keynote, you're sort of forced to sit, stay in the room, and pay attention even though bored out of your mind. You should leave. So modern unconferences have the internet-like Law of Two Feet, which is: If you're not actually interested in the conversation, if the person is boring, you get up and leave. Do something better with your time.

And I like that that norm is shifting in a more online way. I think Nir Eyal in his book, one of his points--I'm still looking through it--he talks about, I think he calls it a phubber or something. So somebody who is, like, snubbing you with a phone at dinner. So you're at dinner and apparently you're boring your dinner partner. So that person pulls out their phone and starts checking email at the slightest interruption. Right? So that's phone snubbing, or phubbing, as he calls it. But look at what that signifies. It tells you that you're in a fundamentally boring conversation you don't want to be in.

And though the sort of actual behavior may be obnoxious, of pulling out your phone and actually checking out literally, wouldn't it be so much nicer to not have that lunch meeting at all and to be able on Twitter to actually triage that and say, 'All right, it's been fun chatting with you for three minutes on Twitter, but I'm going to say no to coffee with you because you're probably going to bore me and I'm going to end up checking my phone. So let's not go there and insult and snub each other.' Right?

So, I love that that has now become a possibility and we're able to make our more intimate, deeper exchanges more high yielding. More of them are meaningful ,and the ones that are meaningful are more meaningful. Right?

And this is actually probably the biggest meta-critique I have with Waldenponding, which is it fetishizes an old style brick and mortar--and it's actually, by the way, that's actually as perverse a kind of attention hacking as the social media platforms do to you. So the social media platforms might be throwing clickbait at you and dragging you to useless articles you don't want. But equally there's all these sort of evangelists of Waldenponding who are hacking your attention with, like, ritual descriptions of 'Oh, what game nights! Wonderful world campfire lights, wonderful world, like family dinners, wonderful.' And they try to suck you back into that world and you realize that, 'You know what? That's romanticizing the past. And it never actually was that great. And I hate this freaking game night I've been sucked into.'

57:52

Russ Roberts:

Russ Roberts: That's awesome. Now, you remind me of my dad who often when he would, we would describe a dinner party, he would often say, 'Nyeah, I wish I'd been upstairs with my book.' It was gauche in the 1950s and the 1960s or '70s or '80s to take out a book in the middle of a conversation. But there were times when my dad would just say, 'I need to go lay down.' And he'd go upstairs and just read his book. Sometimes in the middle of a social gathering. Which had some kind of influence on me, I'm sure.

The other thing that I have to point out, Venkat, which is unbelievably great, is that about fo

          

Les écrits antifascistes de Camillo Berneri

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Interrogé par l’Université populaire de Toulouse sur son édition d'un recueil de textes de Camillo Berneri Contre le fascisme, Miguel Chueca revient à la fois sur le parcours personnel et politique de l’auteur, militant et intellectuel anarchiste, et sur l’histoire de l’Italie des années 1920 et 1930.

— Quand on lit le texte « Mussolini, un grand acteur. Psychologie d’un dictateur », on est surpris par la place qu’occupe la psychologie dans la description du dictateur et de son ascension : « Mussolini est-il un grand homme politique… oui… mais pour être un grand homme politique, il n’est nécessaire que d’être un grand acteur 1. » Même si, tout au long de ce texte, Berneri n’évacue pas les questions politiques, tracer un fil conducteur entre l’homme politique devenu dictateur à un acteur de grande envergure, laisse perplexe. Ce choix d’aborder Mussolini prioritairement sous l’angle de la psychologie (l’acteur) va conduire Berneri, dans bien des articles suivants (nous y reviendrons), à examiner le peuple, la classe ouvrière, ses combats, ses défaites sous ce même angle psychologique. Comment expliquer ce choix ?

— On ne peut être surpris par « la place qu’occupe la psychologie dans la description du dictateur » dans une étude dont le sous-titre est « psychologie d’un dictateur ». On ne peut pas dire que Berneri n’annonce pas la couleur : il annonce une « psychologie du dictateur » et c’est de cela qu’il s’occupe ensuite. Il n’y a pas tromperie sur la marchandise, il me semble.

Cela dit, si je comprends bien le sens de vos réserves, ce qui vous gêne est précisément le fait qu’il s’intéresse à la psychologie du dictateur. La première chose que je peux vous dire, c’est que Berneri s’est très tôt intéressé aux études psychologiques et psychanalytiques et qu’il a choisi d’aborder le « cas » Mussolini d’abord sous cet aspect, parce que ce « cas » est particulièrement intéressant – et déconcertant – du point de vue humain : voir un militant expérimenté, membre actif depuis des années du Parti socialiste italien, qui plus est, chef de l’une de ses factions les plus « révolutionnaires », le voir quitter ce parti auquel il avait tout donné pendant des années pour se mettre à la tête d’un mouvement qui allait être son ennemi acharné, pour le réprimer brutalement ainsi que toutes les autres organisations politiques et syndicales de la « famille » socialiste, cela est terriblement intéressant pour qui veut se pencher sur les mystères de la psyché humaine. S’intéresser au fascisme en tant que création politique et historique n’empêche pas de se poser des questions de cet ordre, surtout quand on se réclame de la pensée anarchiste, aussi sensible à l’individu qu’à la « masse ».

Par ailleurs, je comprends mal également votre perplexité devant le fait de « tracer un fil conducteur entre l’homme politique devenu dictateur et un acteur de grande envergure ». En insistant, après d’autres analystes, sur la nature de l’activité politique en général et sur l’histrionisme des hommes politiques – de Mussolini en particulier –, Berneri met très bien l’accent, il me semble, sur l’absence totale de véritables convictions chez le Duce, sur le fait qu’il était une sorte de Fregoli, de « personnage en quête d’auteur », capable d’assumer à peu près tous les rôles les uns après les autres, sans aucun souci de cohérence : anti-impérialiste jugé et condamné pour les émeutes de 1911 à Forli contre la guerre de Libye, puis, des années plus tard, favorable à l’Empire fasciste et à la guerre d’Éthiopie ; férocement antisocialiste après avoir adhéré longtemps au PSI ; écrivant en 1919 « personne ne veut être gouverné par un semblable qui s’érige en messie, en tsar et en Père éternel... Nous voulons être gouvernés par la liberté universelle, non par la volonté d’un groupe ou d’un homme 2 », avant d’établir un véritable État totalitaire ; anticlérical et bouffeur de curés à tous crins puis signataire des accords de Latran avec le Vatican ; adversaire de l’Allemagne nazie en 1934 puis allié à elle quelques années plus tard, etc. Il fallait certainement être un très grand acteur pour pouvoir assumer tous ces rôles les uns après les autres en donnant toujours l’impression qu’il croyait à ce qu’il disait, même si ce qu’il disait le samedi était le contraire de ce qu’il avait dit le lundi d’avant.

Pour ce qui est de votre phrase finale, je ne crois pas que Berneri ait examiné la classe ouvrière sous ce seul aspect « psychologique », même s’il s’intéresse à l’état d’espritdes ouvriers à un moment donné (vous vous référez, je suppose, à l’essai « Le fascisme, les masses et les chefs »). Je n’appellerai pas cela une analyse psychologique : il ne se réfère d’ailleurs au sujet qu’en passant, en quelques lignes, alors qu’il consacre toute une longue étude à la « psychologie du dictateur ».

— Dans l’article « De la démagogie oratoire », Berneri, conclut son article ainsi : « Il faut abattre le régime fasciste, mais il faut aussi guérir de la mystique fasciste, laquelle n’est qu’une manifestation pathogène de la syphilis politique des italiens : la superficialité rhétorique. » Dans un recueil de textes inédits de Georg Lukács, écrits à la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, dans l’article intitulé : « Tournant du destin (1944) », il rappelle à plusieurs reprises « Que le règne de Hitler, n’est pas pour l’Allemagne un accès de fièvre qui pourrait être surmonté et oublié sans autre forme de procès, Ce n’est qu’en arrachant toutes les racines que l’on peut véritablement passer outre ». Il y a dans ces deux textes un point commun, celui de rappeler qu’il ne suffira pas d’abattre ces régimes, mais qu’il faudra nettoyer en profondeur. Cependant Berneri est très sévère à l’encontre des « Italiens ». Le peuple majoritairement peut être, par intérêt, par lâcheté, par conviction… a permis l’avènement du fascisme en Italie et il en en est de même en Allemagne et en France dans des périodes similaires. N’est-ce pas secondaire de mettre en cause « la superficialité rhétorique des Italiens », quand les faits décrits par Berneri mettent en évidence la faiblesse de la gauche ? N’est-ce pas cela qui explique en premier lieu la victoire du fascisme ?

— Vous faites bien de mettre en parallèle les analyses de l’anarchiste Berneri dans la conclusion de « Mussolini, grand acteur » et celles du marxiste Lukács – je ne connaissais pas cette étude de 1944, mais, grâce à vous, j’ai eu envie de la lire et j’en ai trouvé le texte complet sur internet –, qui sont en effet très proches.

Quant à la cause de la défaite de la gauche en Italie, je ne crois pas que Berneri la mette tout benoîtement sur le compte de la « superficialité oratoire » : cette phrase brillante que vous citez ne résume certainement pas toute la pensée de Berneri sur les causes de la victoire du fascisme. Relisez le passage de « Mussolini, un grand acteur » repris en quatrième de couverture : « Il faut que les Italiens se débarrassent de Mussolini, mais il faut aussi qu’ils se débarrassent des défauts qui ont permis la victoire du fascisme 3. » Dans sa conclusion à cet essai brillantissime, il insiste sur tout ce que le fascisme doit à la culture politique des Italiens, à des défauts ou des insuffisances ou des vices séculaires (il reprend le fameux mot de Piero Gobetti sur le fascisme comme « autobiographie de la nation italienne »), qui vont bien au-delà de la « superficialité oratoire » des démagogues de ce pays. Cette approche culturelle me paraît élargir singulièrement la vue limitée qu’on en a eu trop souvent à l’extrême gauche, laquelle a privilégié l’analyse en termes de classes, à la façon de Daniel Guérin et alia, qui ne voulaient voir dans le fascisme que la dictature du grand capital (ce qu’il est aussi, c’est entendu).

Pour ce qui est de la question de l’avènement du fascisme, Berneri se réfère souvent à l’étude La controrivoluzione preventiva d’un de ses compagnons libertaires parmi les plus connus, Luigi Fabbri, qui l’avait publiée dès 1921, et complétée ensuite. Ce grand petit livre est devenu très vite une référence, et un des meilleurs analystes du fascisme, Angelo Tasca, qui n’était pas anarchiste, a repris à son compte l’analyse du fascisme comme « contre-révolution préventive ». Par ailleurs, je ne suis pas sûr que la « faiblesse de la gauche » soit une explication suffisante du triomphe du fascisme : au départ, la gauche avait une force incroyablement supérieure à celle des fascistes, et pourtant, elle a été écrasée. Gaetano Salvemini, qui avait été un maître très écouté et très respecté pour Berneri, a écrit dans Le origini del fascismo in Italia (ses « Leçons de Harvard » sur le fascisme) qu’il y avait eu une guerre civile en Italie entre 1921 et 1922 et que les fascistes l’avaient emporté haut la main sur leurs adversaires parce qu’ils avaient été les plus cruels.

— Pour quelqu’un qui connaît mal l’histoire d’Italie, il y a une phrase mystérieuse et qui peut laisser perplexe : « L’orateur de rue a été une des plaies des mouvements subversifs en Italie. » Pouvez-vous nous expliquer ce que veut dire Berneri ?

Berneri met en cause la superficialité et la légèreté de tous ces orateurs qui se faisaient applaudir avec des discours pleins de vent, des discours qui n’ont jamais servi à « illustrer » le prolétariat italien, à lui apprendre à raisonner, à l’éclairer véritablement. Des orateurs qui ont été souvent parmi les premiers à tourner casaque et à se « convertir », le moment venu, au fascisme. Dans un des textes recueillis dans « Contre le fascisme », il donne comme exemple à suivre le cas d’Angelo Tasca qui, lui, s’adressait à l’intelligence de ses auditeurs et pouvait parler à un meeting ouvrier avec un traité de statistiques à la main.

Plus généralement, Berneri insiste souvent sur le rôle des « subversifs » dans l’avènement du fascisme : ainsi, dans un texte sur l’anticléricalisme et l’anarchisme (non reproduit dans ce recueil), il fait remarquer que le même Leandro Arpinati qui, dans sa jeunesse anarchiste en Romagne, aidait à disperser violemment les processions religieuses a fini par disperser les « processions rouges » de la même façon, à Bologne et ailleurs, pour le compte du fascisme.

— Le texte « Fiume et le fascisme » est publié et écrit en 1929, soit dix ans après l’invasion de la ville par la troupe hétéroclite dont parle Berneri. Il cerne bien le sens politique de cette aventure et ce qu’elle signifiait : « En réalité Fiume fut l’embryon du fascisme », «Fiume était fasciste ». Pourtant Berneri ne caractérise pas le fascisme au-delà de considérations sociologiques résumées par la formule « tour de Babel ». De la même façon il décrit les impasses, les erreurs d’analyse et les illusions des partis de gauche, mais il n’indique pas, ou très brièvement, quelle aurait été une alternative de gauche à Fiume. Il ne dit pas non plus ce qu’était le point de vue de son courant politique. Était-ce le produit de son scepticisme, dont vous parlez dans la note introductive ?

On peut avoir l’impression que, dans ce texte, Berneri ne « caractérise » pas le fascisme, en effet. Toutefois, il faut se rappeler que, au moment où il écrit une bonne partie des textes de ce recueil, le mot « fascisme » désigne purement et simplement le régime instauré en Italie, et rien d’autre : le fascisme n’a pas encore essaimé hors des frontières italiennes. En outre, tout le monde voyait bien alors ce qu’était le régime fasciste sans qu’il soit besoin de le « caractériser » : il se caractérisait très bien tout seul par la violence extrême de ses squadristi, par son parti et son syndicat uniques, par l’absence totale de toutes les libertés reconnues dans les régimes démocratiques ou prétendus tels, par les lois « fascistissimes » qui ont instauré l’État totalitaire, par ses ambitions impérialistes à l’extérieur, etc.

Quant à imaginer une alternative de gauche à Fiume, Berneri n’y pense même pas parce que, pour lui, l’expérience fiumaine est viciée à sa racine, malgré les efforts d’un ex-syndicaliste révolutionnaire comme De Ambris pour donner une apparence « sociale » au nouvel État de Fiume (ladite Régence italienne du Carnaro). L’objectif de l’entreprise de D’Annunzio et de ses légionnaires était de corriger la « victoire mutilée » de l’Italie dans la Grande Guerre, dont elle n’avait prétendument pas tiré tout le profit qu’elle escomptait en 1915 : cette entreprise – ou aventure, plutôt – était avant tout nationaliste, comme Berneri le dit à la fin de son essai sur Fiume. Pour lui, il est clair que rien de bon ne pouvait sortir d’une aventure de ce genre, guerrière et impérialiste, aventure qui – soit dit au passage – avait « oublié » que la ville de Fiume était entourée d’un vaste ceinturon ouvrier où la population italophone était ultra-minoritaire.

— Le texte de 1923 « Le fascisme, les masses et les chefs » est surprenant. Berneri se livre à une analyse des grèves et des occupations de 1919 et 1920, qui contredit l’essentiel de ce qui a été publié depuis longtemps sur le sujet. D’ailleurs il ne parle pas des grèves de leur organisation… mais plutôt de l’état d’esprit des masses qu’il divise en plusieurs catégories. L’une d’elle, fort nombreuse précise-t-il, criait : « Maintenant, les patronsc’est nous, c’est nous qui commandons. » On a l’impression que Berneri ne comprend pas ou doute des capacités des ouvriers de se passer des patrons. Comment faut-il comprendre ce point de vue ? Plus loin il porte un jugement bien surprenant sur les grèves dans les services publics : « indispensables dans bien des cas, mais disproportionnées » Le texte de l’anarchiste Luigi Fabbri que cite Berneri est tout aussi étonnant : « Les ouvriers eux-mêmes devraient mettre une limite à l’usage de cette arme à double tranchant 4… », nous supposons qu’il parle de la grève dans les services publics. Que faut-il comprendre de ces prises de position ?

— Ici encore, je vous donne raison, au moins en partie  : en effet, dans l’essai que vous citez, Berneri s’intéresse surtout à l’état d’esprit des « masses » ouvrières, divisées en plusieurs catégories. En revanche, là où je ne vous suis pas du tout, c’est dans ce que vous dites ensuite.

Il est vrai que, dans ce recueil, je n’ai donné aucun des nombreux textes théoriques où Berneri défend la validité de ce qu’il appelle le « soviétisme », en référence à l’expérience des soviets russes (les conseils ouvriers, paysans, etc.), et qu’on connaît peu, hors du milieu anarchiste, les écrits théoriques de Berneri. Celui-ci était certes très conscient des limites du mouvement ouvrier réellement existant et voyait bien les faiblesses des « vrais ouvriers », fort éloignées de la vue idéalisée et mythifiée qu’en avaient beaucoup de marxistes (et quelques anarchistes aussi). Son texte sur « L’idolâtrie ouvrière » (« L’operaiolatria ») est très explicite sur ce point (le texte est disponible en français sur Internet). Mais il ne doutait pas de la capacité des meilleurs d’entre eux de se passer d’une classe dirigeante, comme il l’a bien montré dans ses textes « espagnols », écrits dans la Barcelone ouvrière et révolutionnaire d’après le 20 juillet 1936. Berneri ne se serait jamais déclaré anarchiste s’il n’avait eu aucun espoir en la capacité des ouvriers, sous l’impulsion des plus « conscients » d’entre eux, de se passer des patrons.

Cela étant dit, pour bien comprendre le sens du texte que vous citez, il faudrait citer aussi la phrase qui le suit. Je la reproduis en entier pour tous ceux qui n’ont pas le livre sous la main : « Il y avait ceux, fort nombreux, qui criaient : « Maintenant, les patronsc’est nous, c’est nous qui commandons. Cependant, ceux-là ne voyaient pas quoi faire et ne se demandaient pas jusqu’où pourrait aller leur propre volonté. »

En somme, crier : « Maintenant, les patrons, c’est nous, c’est nous qui commandons » ne veut pas dire pour autant qu’on a déjà fait la révolution, il s’en faut. Ces ouvriers-là ne l’avaient pas faite. Et Berneri se contente de le faire remarquer.

Quant à ses observations, et celles de Luigi Fabbri, sur l’abus des mouvements de grève au cours du Biennio Rosso (les années rouges de 1919-1920), je vous rappelle qu’il s’y place « du point de vue des intérêts de classe et des intérêts révolutionnaires, pour lesquels il convient de recueillir [...] les appuis les plus larges et de réduire au minimum l’hostilité à leur égard ». Comme toujours, Berneri adopte une vision pragmatique des choses et se limite à relever les effets négatifs des grèves à répétition des « années rouges », des mouvements qui « attisèrent l’indignation momentanée des masses, en intensifiant le mécontentement des classes moyennes et en laissant les ouvriers dans un état marqué par le découragement et la fatigue 5 ».

Quelques mots, enfin, pour répondre à une des phrases qui introduisaient à la pièce jointe où figuraient vos cinq questions : « Je pense qu’il aurait fallu une note explicative à ce texte, dire par exemple de quel endroit il observe le mouvement (il parle de la Toscane et d’Emilie), quel rôle y a-t-il joué… » Je suis bien d’accord : j’aurais dû donner quelques précisions de plus sur ce texte, mais il y a déjà tant de notes de bas de page dans ce livre que j’ai eu des scrupules à en ajouter encore. J’aurais certainement dû préciser par exemple, que le texte « Le fascisme, les masses et les chefs » contenait plusieurs allusions aux mouvements de 1919 contre la vie chère, par exemple, ce qui n’apparaît peut-être pas assez clairement à un lecteur français peu familiarisé avec cette période.

Pour répondre très précisément à ces dernières questions : Berneri n’a travaillé de ses mains qu’en exil, sur les chantiers, quand il lui a fallu compléter les maigres revenus de son travail intellectuel (lectures à la BNF pour le compte du professeur Salvemini, articles chichement payés, quand ils l’étaient). Dans les années qui précédèrent son départ pour la France, en 1926, il avait étudié à l’université de Florence puis enseigné trois ans dans des lycées de la région des Marches et d’Italie centrale. En 1919-1920, tout jeune étudiant à l’université de Florence, il pouvait difficilement participer aux grèves ouvrières des régions de Toscane ou d’Émilie. Cependant, vous noterez qu’il dit en avoir été le témoin direct : il en avait profité pour prendre le pouls du mouvement, à la manière d’un journaliste ou d’un sociologue, en s’entretenant avec les ouvriers en grève. Ces observations sur leur état d’esprit auxquelles vous faites allusion sont des témoignages de première main, qu’il a mis à profit dans l’essai « Le fascisme, les masses et les chefs ».

Rien n’indique que la situation était très différente dans les autres régions ouvrières du pays. Le journal communiste Ordine Nuovo publia en 1921 le rapport d’un expert militaire adressé au ministère de la Guerre, après une tournée dans le pays en vue d’en mesurer la température révolutionnaire : d’après Salvemini, qui le cite dans ses Lezioni di Harvard (Leçons d’Harvard), l’auteur de cette enquête avait conclu en 1920 à l’impossibilité pour les révolutionnaires italiens de faire quoi que ce soit de sérieux 6.

Pour en revenir à Berneri, s’il n’était pas issu d’une famille ouvrière, on sait que, au cours des trois ans qu’il passa, de 15 ans à 18 ans, dans le Mouvement des jeunesses socialistes de la région d’Émilie, avant de passer définitivement à l’anarchisme, il fréquenta les jeunes ouvriers qui en étaient membres : il indique quelque part qu’il était le seulparmi les 700 à 800 militants des Jeunesses socialistes de la région à être encore à l’école. Malgré ses origines petites-bourgeoises, Berneri connut très tôt, et de très près, le monde ouvrier et il en adopta les idéaux, socialistes puis anarchistes.

Miguel Chueca

Entretien paru initialement sur le site de l’Université populaire de Toulouse, le 28 octobre 2019.

1. Camillo Berneri, Contre le fascisme, op. cit., p. 63.

2. Popolo d’Italia, 14 novembre 1914, cité in G. Salvemini, Le origini del fascismo in Italia, p. 265.

3. Camillo Berneri, Contre le fascisme, op. cit., p. 124.

4. Ibid., p. 231.

5Contre le fascisme, op. cit., p. 232.

6. Le origini del fascismo in Italia. Lezioni di Harvard, Feltrinelli, p. 276.


          

Scrum Master

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At ULA, success comes through the efforts of a strong, united team.
Thanks for your interest in United Launch Alliance, the world s most experienced and reliable space launch company!

Successfully launching more than 130 consecutive missions doesn t just happen. It s credit to the commitment of our 2,500 team members and the systems and processes we use to pull them together.

As a ULA employee, you ll have the opportunity to grow in your career while working in a team-oriented culture that combines technology, innovation, ingenuity and a commitment to the extraordinary.

Together, our unshakable unity yields stronger solutions and better results as we carry out our mission to save lives, explore the universe, and connect the world.

Our team is excited to meet you!

Your Role: What you'll be doing

* Work with a highly collaborative team in an Agile environment embracing a fail-fast mentality ( fail fast, fail often, react quickly and learn from every failure ).

* Engage with Product Owners, Technology Architects, QA and/or Automation team members on cross-functional activities to design, develop, and test cutting-edge software solutions.

* Work in a development environment coaching, facilitating, and being a servant leader for four Scrum teams.

* Encourage growth through cultivating strong relationships and trust.

* The Scrum Master owns the work process for the team and creates balance with the Product Owner and the Technical Architect by taking responsibility for sprint capacity, status, reporting (burn up/burn down), and risk management.

* Demonstrate servant leadership by ensuring the scrum team has the resources they need, are shielded from distractions and interruptions, and works to remove impediments along the way.

Your Background: What education and experience you'll need
Requires a bachelor s degree and 2 - 6 years of experience.

Your Background: What skills you'll need

* Bachelor's degree in technical discipline with 2+ years of hands on industry experience OR Master's Degree in technical discipline

* Helps teams self-organize and self-manage.

* Strong understanding of Agile frameworks and core philosophies driving frameworks

* Strong facilitation skills in leading planning meetings, reviews, and retrospectives

* Communicates clearly and can deliver complex messages and teach new concepts

Relocation Available
Yes

About ULA: What makes us different
Because we understand launch success comes through the collective efforts of a team, we seek the best to join us. We value ethics, ingenuity, diversity and professional development for employees at all levels.

We offer our employees competitive pay and benefits including:

* 401(k) match plus an additional employer contribution
* Bonus potential
* Generous paid time off
* Flexible work environments

Additionally, most ULA team members work a 9/80 schedule, meaning they enjoy every other Friday off.

Security Clearance / International Traffic In Arms Regulations (ITAR). This position requires use of information which is subject to the International Traffic In Arms Regulations (ITAR). Therefore, all applicants must be U.S. Persons as defined in ITAR 120.15 (e.g., U.S. Citizen or Permanent Resident (Green Card holder) or protected individual. Also see 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(20) and 8 U.S.C. 1324b(a)(3) for additional information).

ULA is an Equal Opportunity Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, disability, protected veteran status or any other categories protected by law.

ULA is a participant in the federal E-Verify Program. Posters in PDF format pertaining to this program can be accessed by clicking on the links identified below. E-Verify Participation poster (English - Spanish ) and Right to Work poster ( English - Spanish ).

INTERESTED IN GROWING IN YOUR CAREER WITH ULA?

Apply today. We look forward to learning more about you!.
          

LIC Housing Finance - Not Rational for Bulls or Bears

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  • Recent underperformance leads to a review of the bear thesis.

  • Low PE levels to be expected when the market has reassessed these companies as bank like with an NPL cycle.

  • NPLs are the key issue - as always with financial companies.

  • Growth is decent but NPLs could wipe out investors at any point with a growing risk of a capital call.

  • Declining interest rates and heavier competition continue to put margins under pressure.

  • The company has a structurally low RoAA due to its conservative nature but it has not been conservative enough.

  • Life Insurance Company of India (LIC), as the parent company, reassures debt investors, and rightly so, but equity investors would still be hit by any fall out.

  • Nothing for the bulls or the bears in this company unless you have a very small universe.

  • Long only PMs should buy peers with higher beta if they believe the sector’s problems are over or not invest here is they think there is more contagion and India’s economy will continue to disappoint (as we believe).

» Get straight to the source on Smartkarma.


          

Lettrasso N° 799 du mardi 05-11-2019 - 106 114 abonnés

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Seine Aval : quand le silence cache un désastre écologique absolu + Il était une fois 28 millions d'euros + L'argent dormant bientôt sur les comptes des associations ? + Les outils pour sortir des lourdeurs administratives qui pèsent sur les petites associations + Vers une modification du Fonds pour le développement de la vie associative ? + Redressement judiciaire d'une association : ce qu'il faut savoir + L'AAH sera-t-elle intégrée dans le futur revenu universel d'activité ? + PLF 2020 : Le mécénat s'oriente vers une défiscalisation à géométrie variable + Comment mettre en place le nouveau règlement comptable des associations ? + Etre trésorier d'une association : une obligation peu connue + Dons aux associations : comment freiner la chute ? + Cadeaux aux bénévoles, encaissement des cotisations et autres éclairages associatifs + Exclusion d'un membre d'une association : attention à l'exigence d'impartialité + Tenue d'une AG : les règles qui s'appliquent dans le silence des statuts + Lancement d'une procédure à l'encontre d'un président malhonnête ou dictatorial + Comment répondre à la carence du président d'une association ? + Etre dirigeant bénévole et occuper un poste salarié au sein d'une petite association + Impact Emploi Associations versus Chèque Emploi Associatif - Bis repetita ? + Du nouveau sur l'obligation déclarative des dirigeants d'associations ? + Associations sportives et le paiement de la TVA + Nouveau règlement comptable des associations - suite et fin : dons en nature et appel public à la générosité + Rédaction d'une délégation de pouvoir au sein d'une association +
          

Martin Scorsese Versus the Marvel Cinematic Universe | The Big Picture

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Watch on YouTube here: Martin Scorsese Versus the Marvel Cinematic Universe | The Big Picture via Channel Name or Channel URL
          

Martin Scorsese Versus the Marvel Cinematic Universe | The Big Picture

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Watch on YouTube here: Martin Scorsese Versus the Marvel Cinematic Universe | The Big Picture via Channel Name or Channel URL
          

Martin Scorsese Versus the Marvel Cinematic Universe | The Big Picture

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Watch on YouTube here: Martin Scorsese Versus the Marvel Cinematic Universe | The Big Picture via Channel Name or Channel URL
          

"A Look to the Heavens"

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"In the lower left corner, surrounded by blue spiral arms, is spiral galaxy M81. In the upper right corner, marked by red gas and dust clouds, is irregular galaxy M82. This stunning vista shows these two mammoth galaxies locked in gravitational combat, as they have been for the past billion years. The gravity from each galaxy dramatically affects the other during each hundred million-year pass. 
Click image for larger size.
Last go-round, M82's gravity likely raised density waves rippling around M81, resulting in the richness of M81's spiral arms. But M81 left M82 with violent star forming regions and colliding gas clouds so energetic the galaxy glows in X-rays. This big battle is seen from Earth through the faint glow of an Integrated Flux Nebula, a little studied complex of diffuse gas and dust clouds in our Milky Way Galaxy. In a few billion years only one galaxy will remain."
http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap160203.html

"When observing the stars, you should see them in another perspective. Take into account what they really are: the mothers of the atoms from which we are constituted, the atoms that constitute the mortal and thinking species that admire the sun as a god, a father or a nuclear power station. The particles that were composed at the beginning of the Universe, the atoms that were forged in the stars, the molecules that were constituted on Earth or in another place… all that is also inside us."
- Michel Cassé, French astro-physicist, "Desafio do Século XXI"

          

Chet Raymo, “The Great Silence”

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“The Great Silence”
by Chet Raymo

“If there is one word that should not be uttered, it is the name of- no, I will not say it. Any name diminishes. In the face of whatever it is that is most mysterious, most holy, we are properly silent. It is appropriate, I think, to praise the creation, to make a joyful noise of thanksgiving for the sensate world. But praising the Creator is another thing altogether. When we make a big racket on His behalf we are more than likely addressing an idol in our own image. What was it that Pico Iyer said? "Silence is the tribute that we pay to holiness; we slip off words when we enter a sacred place, just as we slip off shoes." The God of the mystics whispers sweet nothings, as lover's do.

In a diary entry for "M.", near the end of his too-short life, Thomas Merton wrote: "I cannot have enough of the hours of silence when nothing happens. When the clouds go by. When the trees say nothing. When the birds sing. I am completely addicted to the realization that just being there is enough." The natural world was for Merton the primary revelation. He listened. He felt a presence in his heart, an awareness of the ineffable Mystery that permeates creation. It was this that drew him to the mystical tradition of Christianity, especially to the Celtic tradition of creation spirituality. It was this that attracted him to Zen. 

There come now and then, perhaps more frequently in late life than previously, those moments of being (as Virginia Woolf called them) when creation grabs us by the shoulders and gives us such a shake that it rattles our teeth, when love for the world simply knocks us flat. At those moments everything we have learned about the world- the invaluable and reliable knowledge of science- seems a pale intimation of what is. In Virginia Woolf's novel The Waves, the elderly Bernard says: "How tired I am of stories, how tired I am of phrases that come down beautifully with all their feet on the ground! Also, how I distrust neat designs of life that are drawn upon half sheets of notepaper. I begin to long for some little language such as lovers use, broken words, inarticulate words, like the shuffling of feet on the pavement." 

In moments of soul-stirring epiphany, it is reassuring to feel beneath our feet a floor of reliable knowledge, the safe and sure edifice of empirical learning so painstakingly constructed by the likes of Aristarchus, Galileo, Darwin and Schrodinger. But at the same time we are humbled by our ignorance, and more ready than ever to say "I don't know," to enter at last the great silence. Erwin Chargaff, who contributed mightily to our understanding of DNA, wrote: "It is the sense of mystery that, in my opinion, drives the true scientist; the same blind force, blindly seeing, deafly hearing, unconsciously remembering, that drives the larva into the butterfly. If the scientist has not experienced, at least a few times in his life, this cold shudder down his spine, this confrontation with an immense invisible face whose breath moves him to tears, he is not a scientist."

The whole thrust of the mystical tradition, the whole thrust of science, is toward the great silence- an awareness of our ignorance and a willingness to say "I don't know." A lifetime of learning brings one at last to the face of mystery. We live in a universe of more than 100 billion galaxies. Perhaps the number of galaxies is infinite. And the universe is silent. Achingly, terrifyingly silent. Or, rather, the universe speaks a little language such as lovers use, broken words, inarticulate words, like the shuffling of feet on the pavement.”

          

Miracle A Universe Settling Accounts With Torturers

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Miracle A Universe Settling Accounts With Torturers
          

Why Chris Evans' Captain America Will Probably Never Return to the MCU

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Don't expect to be seeing Chris Evans return to the Marvel Cinematic Universe any time soon.

          

The Wolf of Wall Street - Jordan Belfort - Биографии и Мемуары

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NEW YORK TIMES **BESTSELLER** •  **Now a major motion picture directed by Martin Scorsese and starring Leonardo DiCaprio**
By day he made thousands of dollars a minute. By night he spent it as fast as he could. From the binge that sank a 170-foot motor yacht and ran up a $700,000 hotel tab, to the wife and kids waiting at home and the fast-talking, hard-partying young stockbrokers who called him king, here, in Jordan Belfort’s own words, is the story of the ill-fated genius they called the Wolf of Wall Street. In the 1990s, Belfort became one of the most infamous kingpins in American finance: a brilliant, conniving stock-chopper who led his merry mob on a wild ride out of Wall Street and into a massive office on Long Island. It’s an extraordinary story of greed, power, and excess that no one could invent: the tale of an ordinary guy who went from hustling Italian ices to making hundreds of millions—until it all came crashing down.
**Praise for *The Wolf of Wall Street** *
“Raw and frequently hilarious.” **—** The New York Times
“A rollicking tale of [Jordan Belfort’s] rise to riches as head of the infamous boiler room Stratton Oakmont . . . proof that there are indeed second acts in American lives.” — Forbes **
“A cross between Tom Wolfe’s** The Bonfire of the Vanities **and Scorsese’s** GoodFellas **. . . Belfort has the Midas touch.”** — *The Sunday Times* (London) **
“Entertaining as pulp fiction, real as a federal indictment . . . a hell of a read.”** — *Kirkus Reviews *****
### From Publishers Weekly
Belfort, who founded one of the first and largest chop shop brokerage firms in 1987, was banned from the securities business for life by 1994, and later went to jail for fraud and money-laundering, delivers a memoir that reads like fiction. It covers his decade of success with straightforward accounts of how he worked with managers of obscure companies to acquire large amounts of stock with minimal public disclosure, then pumped up the price and sold it, so he and the insiders made large profits while public investors usually lost. Profits were laundered through purchase of legitimate businesses and cash deposits in Swiss banks. There is only brief mention of Belfort's life before Wall Street or events since 1997. The book's main topic is the vast amount of sex, drugs and risky physical behavior Belfort managed to survive. As might be expected in the autobiography of a veteran con man with movie rights already sold, it's hard to know how much to believe. The story is told mostly in dialogue, with allegedly contemporaneous mental asides by the author, reported verbatim. But it reports only surface events, never revealing what motivates Belfort or any of the other characters *. (Oct. 2)*
Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
### Review
“A cocky bad boy of finance recalls ... [his] career as a master of his own universe.... A hell of a read.”— *Kirkus Reviews
*
“A memoir that reads like fiction.... [concerning] the vast amount of sex, drugs and risky physical behavior Belfort managed to survive.”— *Publishers Weekly*
From the Hardcover edition.


          

卡巴斯基发现了 2017 Shadow Brokers 泄露中提到的神秘 APT

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2017 年,一个名叫 Shadow Brokers 的神秘黑客团体,在网络上公布了名为“Lost in Translation”的数据转储,其中包含了一系列据称来自美国国家安全局(NSA)的漏洞利用和黑客工具。此后臭名昭著的 WannaCry、NotPetya 和 Bad Rabbit 勒索软件攻击,都基于这里面提到的 EternalBlue 漏洞。现在,卡巴斯基研究人员又发现了另一座冰山,它就是一个名叫 sigs.py 的文件。

据悉,该文件是一个名副其实的情报数据宝库。作为内置的恶意软件扫描程序,黑客利用它来扫描受感染的计算机,以查找是否存在其它高级可持续威胁(APT / 通常指背后能量巨大的黑客团体)。

总 sigs.py 脚本包括了用于检测其它 44 个 APT 的签名,但在 2017 年泄密之初,许多网络安全行业从业者并没有对此展开深入研究,表明 NSA 知晓且有能力检测和追踪许多敌对 APT 的运行。

在上月的一份报告中,卡巴斯基精英黑客手雷部门 GReAT 表示,他们终于设法找到了其中一个神秘的 APT(通过 sigs.py 签名的 #27 展开追踪)。

研究人员称,DarkUniverse 组织从 2009 到 2017 年间一直活跃。但在 ShadowBrokers 泄漏后,他们似乎就变得沉默了。

GReAT 团队称:“这种暂停或许与‘Lost in Translation’泄漏事件的发生有关,或者攻击者决定改用更加现代的方法、开始借助更加广泛的手段”。

该公司称,其已在叙利亚、伊朗、阿富汗、坦桑尼亚、埃塞俄比亚、苏丹、俄罗斯、白罗斯、以及阿联酋等地,找到了大约 20 名受害者。其中包括了民间和军事组织,如医疗、原子能机构、以及电信企业。

不过,卡巴斯基专家认为,随着时间的推移和对该集团活动的进一步深入了解,实际受害者人数可能会更多。至于 DarkUniverse 恶意软件框架,卡巴斯基表示,其发现代码与 ItaDuke 恶意软件 / APT 重叠。

来源:cnBeta.COM

更多资讯

Firefox 被曝安全漏洞:显示虚假通知锁定浏览器使用

Mac 和 Windows 平台的 Firefox 浏览器近日成为了部分恶意网站攻击的目标,这些网站会显示虚假的警告通知并完全锁定浏览器。黑客利用 Firefox 中的一个 BUG 来篡改该浏览器,从而在无需用户交互的情况下达到目的。目前 Mozilla 并未公布解决方案,不过该问题已经造成严重破坏并给用户带来困扰。

来源:cnBeta.COM
详情链接:https://www.dbsec.cn/blog/article/5358.html 

利用 BlueKeep 漏洞的攻击被观察到 但它似乎没那么可怕?

利用 BlueKeep 漏洞进行攻击的实例真的出现了。BlueKeep 是今年 5 月份被发现的高危漏洞,它可以利用 Windows 远程桌面服务(RDS)传播恶意程序,方式类似于 2017 年凭借永恒之蓝而肆虐的 WannaCry 勒索软件。攻击者可以利用该漏洞执行任意代码,并通过远程桌面协议(RDP)发送特制请求,在不需要用户交互的情况下即可控制计算机。

来源:开源中国
详情链接:https://www.dbsec.cn/blog/article/5359.html 

Epic 商城再次曝出 DRM 漏洞 玩家不花钱就能玩所有游戏

众所周知,Epic 商城依靠低分成和巨额独占费,获得了不少游戏大作的先发权,比如《天外世界》《无主之地3》《荒野大镖客2》等等。但其实Epic商城还是有许多不足之处,最近 CCN 的安全研究员 Willian Worrall 就曝光了 Epic 商城的又一个安全漏洞:玩家即使没购买过游戏,也可以无障碍游玩。

来源:3DMGame
详情链接:https://www.dbsec.cn/blog/article/5360.html 

Facebook 又出现隐私漏洞:100 多位软件开发人员违规访问用户数据

据 cnbc 报道,Facebook 周二发布消息称,多达 100 位软件开发人员可能已经通过不正当的方式访问用户数据,数据包括该社交网络的用户姓名、个人资料、图片等。Facebook 在一篇博客文章中称,尽管 2018 年 4 月对其服务做出调整,预防此类事件发生,但最近公司发现仍然有一些 App 可以获取此类用户的数据。

来源:ChinaZ 站长之家
详情链接:https://www.dbsec.cn/blog/article/5361.html 

(信息来源于网络,安华金和搜集整理)


          

Terminator: Dark Fate

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Terminator: Dark Fate is here AKA Terminator 6 AKA Terminator 3. It all makes a ton of sense, we promise. Join all 3 of us with a special guest as we dive in to the Terminator universe for (we think) the last time? Maybe? Who knows.

Want more MAM? Become a VIP and get bonus episodes every week! Join at madaboutmoviespodcast.com/vip


          

Other: Mechanical (HVAC) Operational Engineer - Monrovia - Monrovia, California

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We are seeking a Mechanical (HVAC) Operational Engineer in----the Monrovia, CA office to support our Deep Space Network (DSN) and Maintenance O&M contract with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and NASA.The DSN Facilities Operations Engineers (OE) sustain and support the development of the various assemblies in the Facilities and Antenna Subsystems serving NASA's Deep Space Communications Complexes (DSCCs) in Australia, Spain and California.-- The HVAC assemblies encompass HVAC for Data or Signal Processing Centers (SPCs), Multi-frequency Antennas and cooling systems for high power electronic critical equipment, as well as HVAC systems for administrative and support-type buildings, including the Peraton Monrovia facility. --The Deep Space Network is NASA's international array of giant radio antennas that supports interplanetary spacecraft missions, plus a few that orbit the Earth. The DSN also provides radar and radio astronomy observations that improve our understanding of the solar system and larger universe.The antennas of the Deep Space Network are the indispensable link to explorers venturing beyond Earth. They provide the crucial connection for commanding our spacecraft and receiving their never before seen images and scientific information on Earth, propelling our understanding of the universe, our solar system and ultimately, our place within it.What you'll do...Assist the senior Design Engineer in project implementation of repairing or replacing existing systems. The candidate may be expected to take the technical lead in the implementation of projects. Provide technical assistance and guidance to operations and maintenance personnel for issues on HVAC systems. Support faculty, consultants and field technicians as required and creating an analysis and resolution on system problems. Serve as a test engineer during commissioning of new HVAC projects Maintain and review files/operational data/records related to configuration assets Verify and ensure that new HVAC building systems are compatible with existing building infrastructure. Identify equipment spares and product obsolescence Assist in planning, design, analysis, cost estimating, sparing, and overall technical directions of the subsystem Support the DSN Engineering Change Management (ECM) Board in the in the development, evaluation and costing of Engineering Change Requests (ECRs), the preparation and delivery of Modification Kits (Modkits), and the troubleshooting, resolution and closure of Discrepancy Reports (DRs). The candidate will be expected to quickly familiarize themselves with the forms and functions of the DSN HVAC assemblies in both the Facilities and Antenna Subsystems, working closely in coordination with supporting electrical and mechanical engineers, as well as with operations personnel at the DSCCs. Review, archive, trend, recommend, and report concerns related to water quality treatments that are performed monthly on several HVAC chilled water closed loop, open loop, fluid cooler/cooling tower, transmitter cooling, and waveguide cooling water closed loops10 % of domestic and international travel to Deep Space Communications Complexes (DSCCs) may be required.You'd be a great fit if----- Must have B.S degree in Mechanical Engineering from an ABET accredited institution and 2+ years of related field experience.-- 2+ years of experience in the implementation and testing of air distribution systems, chilled water generation and chilled water distribution systems including freeze protection, HVAC power distribution equipment and system automation, selecting replacement equipment for HVAC systems: (AHU's, chillers, pump selection, boilers, etc---) 2+ years experience with evaluating HVAC components (compressors, fans, chillers, dampers, actuators, etc.)Possess a working knowledge of NFPA, ASHRAE, and other relevant codes and always be in complianceAre able to undergo a trusted background check and pass a National Criminal Information Check (NCIC). In order to obtain a clearance, you need to be a US Citizen and show proof of citizenship.It'd be even better if you-----Possess an Engineer-in-Training (EIT) Certification or Professional Engineering (PE) LicensePossess a Master's Degree from an ABET accredited institutionBasic understanding in process cooling such as chilled water plant and distribution systems.Experience with automatic HVAC control systems, PLC logic and PID control diagrams but not limited to:PLC Ladder, Boolean, PID programming, DDC, and DCS systemsFamiliarity with ALC programming and Johnson MetaSys Control SystemsMust possess and demonstrate excellent oral and written communications skills, and a working knowledge of MS Office SuiteProven capability of working with minimal supervisionAble to multi-task, adapt to change quickly, and are an analytical thinker with detail orientation.Are bilingual,the ability to speak and write Spanish is a plus.What you'll get---An immediately-vested 401(K) with employer matching.Rapid PTO accrual schedule with floating holidays.Comprehensive medical, dental, and vision coverage.Tuition assistance, financing, and refinancing.Paid maternity and paternity leave.Company-paid infertility treatments.Cross-training and professional development opportunitiesThe ability to influence major initiatives.We are an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. We consider applicants without regard to race, color, religion, age, national origin, ancestry, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, marital status, veteran status, disability, genetic information, citizenship status, or membership in any other group protected by federal, state, or local law. ()
          

Ep 039 - (Members Pick) How to Take A Leap of Faith and Live Your Highest Calling: An Interview with Astrologer, Stormie Grace

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Stating intent, and being willing to receive allows the Universe to open doors in the constant unfolding story of your life.

Stormie Grace was featured on Astrology Hub Podcast Episode 17. This week we're highlighting this episode to help express how empowering a journey can be, and perhaps how the Universe planned for Stormie to be delivering your forecast with Astrology Hub long before there was a podcast!

Get Notified!

Thanks so much for joining us this week. Want to subscribe to The Astrology Hub Podcast? Have some feedback you’d like to share? Connect with us on iTunes and leave us a review!

iTunes not your thing? Find us on Spotify, Stitcher, or TuneIn.

🎧 to this episode on iTunes, Spotify, Tuneln & Stitcher.

For show notes & links from this episode, visit astrologyhub.com/podcast


          

Astrology Hub Podcast Horoscope for the Week of July 8th - July 14th

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The Universe is serving up "cosmic cookies" this week! 
 
Are you on the right path? 
You'll know one way or another this week! (If you are, expect instant karma!) 
No matter what path you are on Saturn & Pluto have a dose of disciplined growth and "power love" to dish out. 
 
Tune in to hear Donna & Amanda's best advice for this weeks change making—reality check—reward giving energy!

Get Notified!

Thanks so much for joining us this week. Want to subscribe to The Astrology Hub Podcast? Have some feedback you’d like to share? Connect with us on iTunes and leave us a review!

iTunes not your thing? Find us on Spotify, Stitcher, or TuneIn.

🎧 to this episode on iTunes, Spotify, Tuneln & Stitcher.

For show notes & links from this episode, visit astrologyhub.com/podcast


          

Ep 024 - Eris and the New Feminine Warriors for the Planet, an Interview with Astrologer, Henry Seltzer

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Working with astrology gives us a much better picture of what's really going on. That there's magic afoot the soul, is real, angels are about. - Henry Seltzer

Science & spirituality, more often than not, stand in a state discord…

What if they didn’t?

What if brilliant minds that understood the mathematical/ scientific nature of our universe also understood the magic of the cosmos?

Could you imagine the boundless insight our age would have?

Our Guest on today’s Podcast is Henry Seltzer, founder of Time Passages Software.

Tune in and listen to how his love of Jungian psychological symbolism led him to astrology, allowing him to marry both the Science & spiritual aspects for the world around him.

We cover a lot of amazing ground in this episode including:

  • A new way to look at difficult transits
  • What most “paradigm shifters” have in common
  • The behind the scenes story for Henry’s creation of the Time Passages App
  • What your Eris placement says about you

Get Notified!
Thanks so much for joining us this week. Want to subscribe to The Astrology Hub Podcast? Have some feedback you’d like to share? Connect with us on iTunes and leave us a review!

iTunes not your thing? Find us on Spotify, Stitcher, or TuneIn.

For show notes & links from this episode, visit astrologyhub.com/podcast

 


          

Ep 017 - How to Take A Leap of Faith and Live Your Highest Calling: An Interview with Astrologer, Stormie Grace

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Your Sun is your light, your heat, your vitality. It is your "Tada, oh look what I can do." And if you are not connected to your "Tada," you're uncomfortable. When the Sun is not allowed to shine, flowers don't bloom.” - Stormie Grace

Your purpose in this universe unique. But. The fear you sense and the courage you clutch is something we all feel when we surrender to faith. In those times of trust, it is empowering to hear the path others have taken and what they honored on their journey. Astrologer Stormie Grace is a thriving example of how purpose guides you no matter how aware you are—and how awareness reveals the beauty in the pain and confusion.

Tune In to hear her inspirational story and how you can find the light you need to express in your chart.

For show notes & links from this episode, visit astrologyhub.com/podcast

Links and tools mentioned in the Show:

GUESTS: Stormy Grace

HOSTS: Amanda ‘Pua' Walsh

Get Notified!

Thanks so much for joining us this week. Want to subscribe to The Astrology Hub Podcast? Have some feedback you’d like to share? Connect with us on iTunes and leave us a review!

iTunes not your thing? Find us on Spotify, Stitcher, or TuneIn.

For show notes & links from this episode, visit astrologyhub.com/podcast


          

Star Trek: Discovery (first impressions) – OR: I really hate Michael Burnham

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I grew up on Star Trek TNG.  I was, in fact, one of ‘those’ trekkies, with the encyclopedias and the model Enterprise, and even every single one of the extended universe books.  I would rush home from school every day and wait for it to begin at 4PM.  And then I would despair when the […]
          

Debt capital markets syndicate

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Job DescriptionOur client is a global investment bank & are looking to expand their Emerging Markets distribution into Europe. This role would be focused on issuance from Africa. The perfect candidate will be familiar with the relevant European investor universe who are able to buy private placements & structured deals. Essential responsibilities: Lead the execution process for all international bond issuances arranged by the banks local DCM team. Act as a bridge between DCM & Sales and Trading on the firm's primary deals, assisting with origination & ensure alignment with investor appetite. Working closely with sales, develop relationships with portfolio managers at key asset managers, hedge funds, banks, corporates & private banks across UK, Europe & USA. Provide guidance on pricing, target investors and the execution strategy required to achieve the client's objectives. Qualifications: Knowledge of which structures & terms will appeal to different categories of investors.
          

A marvelous life : the amazing story of Stan Lee by Fingeroth, Danny, author.

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"The definitive biography of the beloved-often controversial-co-creator of many legendary superheroes, A Marvelous Life: The Amazing Story of Stan Lee presents the origin of "Stan the Man," who spun a storytelling web of comic book heroic adventures into a pop culture phenomenon: the Marvel Universe. Stan Lee was the most famous American comic book creator who ever lived. Thanks, especially, to his many cameos in Marvel movies and TV shows, Lee was-and even after his 2018 death, still is-the voi
          

At the edge of time : exploring the mysteries of our universe's first seconds by Hooper, Dan, 1976- author.

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Scientists in the past few decades have made crucial discoveries about how our cosmos evolved over the past 13.8 billion years. But there remains a critical gap in our knowledge: we still know very little about what happened in the first seconds after the Big Bang. At the Edge of Time focuses on what we have recently learned and are still striving to understand about this most essential and mysterious period of time at the beginning of cosmic history. Taking readers into the remarkable world of
          

Applied Geophysics (Staff or Senior) Scientist - Energy Geosciences Division | United States of America | Full time

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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, United States of America

Applied Geophysics (Staff or Senior) Scientist – Energy Geosciences Division – 87325
Organization: GO-Energy Geosciences

Berkeley Lab’s Energy Geosciences Division has an immediate opening for a Staff or Senior Scientist in Applied Geophysics.

We are seeking an Applied Geophysicist with a record of leading innovative research in characterizing subsurface structure, and monitoring properties and processes, with a focus on seismology. As a member of the Energy Geosciences Division (EGD) you will lead and participate in leading-edge research in passive and active seismic methodologies, including borehole data acquisition. A successful candidate is expected to lead and expand our historically vibrant and extramurally supported frontier research program in applied seismology with a broad range of support from U.S. DOE programs in geothermal, carbon storage, and oil and gas, as well as external industry funding. Continued focus on developing novel field methods is expected, with an emphasis on permanent reservoir monitoring and time-lapse seismic imaging approaches. Development of novel imaging and inversion methods is encouraged, and internal collaboration with non-seismic methods including electromagnetic acquisition and imaging is also expected.

Currently funded research areas include distributed acoustic sensing (DAS), continuous active-source seismic monitoring (CASSM) using both surface and borehole sources, and advanced microseismic monitoring, as well as the development of new seismic modeling and inversion techniques. Data acquisition research areas utilize dedicated engineering support from LBNL’s Geoscience Measurement Facility which houses extensive resources for novel field seismic acquisition systems, including high-temperature wireline instruments, downhole tools, recording systems, and fiber optics. This is in addition to more traditional geophysical instrumentation, experienced field personnel, and instrument fabrication facilities.

As part of EGD’s ‘Sustainable Earth’ (https://eesa.lbl.gov/about/strategic-vision-2025/sustainable-earth/) Strategic Direction, these methods will be utilized in a variety of contexts relevant to DOE’s mission of finding scientific solutions for the sustainable utilization of the subsurface, including characterization and monitoring of geological carbon storage, geothermal systems, oil and gas reservoirs, nuclear waste disposal, and groundwater management. The successful candidate will take advantage of world-class experimental and computational facilities at Berkeley Lab, including LBNL’s unique Geosciences Measurement Facility to propose and develop funding for projects in both current and new research areas. Active collaboration with other scientific divisions across Berkeley Lab including the Climate and Ecosystem Sciences division, as well as UC Berkeley, is expected.

About Energy Geosciences at Berkeley Lab:
The Energy Geoscience Division (EGD, https://eesa.lbl.gov/our-divisions/energy-geosciences/) of Berkeley Lab is advancing multi-disciplinary expertise to accelerate scientific discoveries and their translation into scalable solutions for the sustainable utilization and management of the Earth’s subsurface. We strive to promote the intelligent use of the subsurface as a substantial resource for energy and water, as well as its wise use for waste disposal. We work at the cutting edge of observation, measurement, and simulation of rock-fluid processes through the development and use of methodologies that span from the molecular to field scales. Together with our sister division in the Earth and Environmental Sciences Area (EESA), we address the most pressing energy and environmental challenges of our time, striving for scientific excellence that makes a difference in a changing world. We deeply care for an inclusive and diverse work environment and we are fully invested in the well-being and advancement of our staff.

What You Will Do:

  • Conduct cutting edge scientific research in applied geophysics with an emphasis on seismic methods.
  • Lead a nationally recognized program that has a distinguished history in novel areas of seismic acquisition design, fabrication, and testing, such as borehole geophysics, permanent reservoir monitoring, and distributed acoustic sensing using fiber optic networks. Coordinate and manage field data acquisition projects.
  • Propose new research agendas, develop external proposals and detailed research plans, and perform innovative and complex research and analysis. Independently raise funds for geophysical research at LBNL.
  • Write LBNL reports, conference papers, and articles for refereed archival journals. Publish as primary or corresponding author in refereed journals, and present work extensively at conferences and workshops.
  • Lead and supervise LBNL staff and technical subcontractors on projects related to geothermal and fossil energy, carbon storage, nuclear waste storage, and groundwater management issues. Mentor junior scientists and post-docs.
  • Collaborate with and/or lead others in groups and forge collaborations across the Lab and with colleagues at external institutions.
  • Develop programmatic goals for geophysical methods applied to areas of DOE interest.
  • Interact with clients (DOE and industry) and with professional colleagues through participation in meetings, advisory committees, and other forms of job-related communications. Build and maintain effective relationships with clients.

At the Senior Scientist level, you may also:

  • Oversee a Program or Department within EGD.
  • Have an affiliation with UC Berkeley.
  • Assist in preparing reports and giving briefings as needed in support of other EESA programs.

What is Required:

  • Demonstrated ability and experience in developing and managing high-impact projects.
  • Demonstrated ability and experience in developing and applying complex and innovative new methods, tools, and approaches in seismic geophysics.
  • Demonstrated technical and managerial expertise in independently conceiving and designing research plans, performing data analysis
  • Demonstrated ability to serve in advisory roles to government agencies, industry groups, and other stakeholders.
  • Excellent verbal and written communication skills, including demonstrated ability to write reports, conference papers, and refereed journal articles synthesizing research results, and to present research findings at conferences, workshops, and other forums.
  • Demonstrated ability to work with clients and professional colleagues, manage research projects, prepare funding proposals, and independently attract research funding.
  • Record of successful mentorship and supervision.
  • PhD or equivalent experience in applied geophysics, or a related engineering field, and at least five years of relevant professional experience.

Additional Desired Qualifications:

  • Deep expertise in one or more of the following topics: borehole/crosswell seismic data acquisition/processing, distributed acoustic sensing and other fiber optic sensing technologies, passive seismic imaging methods, permanent reservoir monitoring systems, optical seismic sensor instrumentation and data acquisition.
  • Ability to collaborate with other Earth Scientists specializing in non-seismic monitoring methods (e.g., electromagnetic geophysics or potential field methods) and/or develop non-seismic acquisition/ processing/ analysis methodologies.

The posting shall remain open until the position is filled

Notes:

  • This is a full time, M-F, exempt from overtime pay (monthly paid), Career Appointment.
  • This position may be hired at the Staff or Senior Scientist level, depending on business needs, and selected candidate’s skills, knowledge, and abilities.
  • This position may be subject to a background check. Any convictions will be evaluated to determine if they directly relate to the responsibilities and requirements of the position. Having a conviction history will not automatically disqualify an applicant from being considered for employment.
  • Work will be primarily performed at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA.

How To Apply
Apply directly online at http://50.73.55.13/counter.php?id=169826 and follow the on-line instructions to complete the application process.

Berkeley Lab (LBNL, http://www.lbl.gov/) addresses the world’s most urgent scientific challenges by advancing sustainable energy, protecting human health, creating new materials, and revealing the origin and fate of the universe. Founded in 1931, Berkeley Lab’s scientific expertise has been recognized with 13 Nobel prizes. The University of California manages Berkeley Lab for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. Located next to UC Berkeley, the Lab is part of the stimulating San Francisco Bay Area innovation ecosystem. The region is also recognized for offering a high quality of life, having both abundant natural beauty and exciting urban surrounds.

Working at Berkeley Lab has many rewards including a competitive compensation program, excellent health and welfare programs, a retirement program that is second to none, and outstanding development opportunities. To view information about the many rewards that are offered at Berkeley Lab- Click Here (https://commons.lbl.gov/display/hr/Benefits).

Equal Employment Opportunity: Berkeley Lab is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, disability, age, or protected veteran status. Berkeley Lab is in compliance with the Pay Transparency Nondiscrimination Provision under 41 CFR 60-1.4 (https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/PayTransparencyNondiscrimination.html). Click here (http://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/posters/pdf/eeopost.pdf) to view the poster: “Equal Employment Opportunity is the Law”.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory encourages applications from women, minorities, veterans, and other underrepresented groups presently considering scientific research careers.

Apply directly online at http://50.73.55.13/counter.php?id=169826 and follow the on-line instructions to complete the application process.


          

Chopped Liver — 11 June 2018

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There's a proverb that goes "Beloved children have many names." That's at least as true when it comes to the names we give our pets. "Fluffy" becomes "Fluffers" becomes "FluffFace" becomes "FlufferNutter, Queen of the Universe." Speaking of the celestial, how DID the top politician in California come to be named Governor Moonbeam, anyway? Blame it on a clever newspaper columnist. And: still more names for those slowpokes in the left-turn lane. Plus munge and kludge, monkey blood and chopped liver, a German word for pout, and the land of the living.

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ORIGINES ET AVENIR DE L'HUMANITÉ

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Suite au succès du premier cycle de conférences "Origines et avenir de l'Humanité", l'Institut de Paléontologie Humain, Fondation Albert Ier, Prince de Monaco et le MURS (Mouvement Universel de la Responsabilité Scientifique) lancent un nouveau cycle pour l'année 2019. - 08. Actualités Page Accueil
          

SI LOIN SI PROCHE - CIE NOMADE IN FRANCE

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Date : Jeudi 19 mars 2020 - Lieu : L'Imprévu - Saint-Ouen l'Aumône (95310) - Agrémenté d’anecdotes personnelles et de références universelles, la petite et la grande Histoire se croisent dans ce récit musical dans lequel une famille d’immigrés algériens rentre au pays dans les années 80 pour célébrer le mariage du fils ainé. Nous...
          

Illegal Dismissal cases: How to Avoid Them

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EARLY BIRD RATE: PHP 2,988.00 REGULAR RATE: PHP 3,988.00 REGISTER HERE: https://forms.gle/J7NbybrqrTGfsPa36 Illegal dismissal cases are costly to employers. You don't need to be a lawyer to understand labor law. The labor relations universe has a
          

[Manual] Susan Lea - Student Solutions Manual for Lea`s Mathematics for Physicists-Cengage Learning (2003)

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Download : Susan Lea Student Solutions Manual for Lea`s Mathematics for Physicists Cengage Learning (2003).pdf






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Download : Susan Lea Student Solutions Manual for Lea`s Mathematics for Physicists Cengage Learning (2003).pdf( 43 )




Chapter 1: Describing the universe 1. Circular motion. A particle is moving around a circle with angular velocity Write its

velocity vector as a vector product of and the position vector with respect to the center of the circle. Justify your expression. Differentiate your relation, and hence derive the angular form of Newton`s second law ( from …(투비컨티뉴드 )



설명
[Manual] Susan Lea - Student Solutions Manual for Lea`s Mathematics for Physicists-Cengage Learning (2003)


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솔루션,공업수학,솔루션
솔루션/공업수학




순서

[Manual] Susan Lea - Student Solutions Manual for Lea`s Mathematics for Physicists-Cengage Learning (2003)




다.
          

OMG, gossip: RIP iconic Puerto Rican celebrity astrologer, Walter Mercado

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Walter Mercado is now a bright shining star in the Universe [dlisted] Young Turkmen doctor vanishes after coming out as gay under pseudonym, recording farewell...

The post OMG, gossip: RIP iconic Puerto Rican celebrity astrologer, Walter Mercado appeared first on OMG.BLOG.


          

App developers had access to more Facebook Group data than intended. Election security and disinformation. DarkUniverse described. Millions lost to business email compromise.

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Facebook closes a hole in Group data access. US authorities seek to reassure Congress and the public concerning the security of election infrastructure. Disinformation remains a challenge, however, as the US prepares for the 2020 elections. Criminals catch Potomac fever as they use politicians’ names and likenesses as an aid to distributing malware. Kaspersky outlines the now-shuttered DarkUniverse campaign. And Nikkei America loses millions to a BEC scam. Justin Harvey from Accenture on automated incident response. Carole Theriault speaks with Kristen Coulson from Tripwire on protecting the IoT.

For links to all of today's stories check our our CyberWire daily news brief:

https://thecyberwire.com/issues/issues2019/November/CyberWire_2019_11_06.html 

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Planetary System Dynamics

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By Francisco J. Pozuelos, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC) The ultimate goal of exoplanetary research is to place ourselves in the universe. Are we just the result of normal evolution? That is to say, does life tend to appear almost everywhere, which means that the emergence of intelligent life is just a matter of time. … Continue reading Planetary System Dynamics
          

The Prodigal Species

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Science: Old and New The Prodigal Species Wednesday, November 6, 2019 The universe is a single reality—one long sweeping spectacular process of interconnected events. The universe is not a place where evolution happens; it is evolution happening. It is not a stage on which dramas unfold; it is the unfolding drama itself. . . . […]
          

Doctor Who: 10 Times The Doctor Lost

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Think you're having a bad day? Bet you've never inadvertently destroyed the universe.
          

Doctor Who: 8 Times The Doctor Has Killed

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Shooting, suffocating and exploding his way through the universe since 1963.
          

Y001 Qi Universele Draadloze Oplader 9V - 1.67A Wireless Cha

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Een hekel aan oplaadkabels die kwijt of in de knoop raken? Dat hoeft niet meer! Het snel en draadloos opladen van je smartphone was nog nooit zo makkelijk met de Y001 Qi draadloze oplader pad.

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Local authors carving their niche and lighting the way to a Maltese fantasy and sci-fi genre

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Today marks the opening day of the 2019 Malta Book Festival, which kicks off with "Strange New Worlds", a conference on sci-fi and fantasy literature, which is organised by the National Book Council.

The conference will bring together local and international authors who all have created their own fantastical worlds in their works. These include Loranne Vella (Malta), Joan Courtenay Grimwood (UK), Kali Wallace (US) and Dave Rudden (Ireland). The conference will be monitored by translator and writer of It-Tawmaturgu: Il-Hmura ta' Filghaxija Mark Anthony-Fenech. The Malta Independent contacted Mark to discuss the conference and its importance on sci-fi and fantasy fiction in Malta.

What are you expecting from the conference itself, given that there are four other authors who have created their own different fantasy worlds?

I am looking forward to hearing about each author's years of experience, knowledge and their take on the worlds they created, as well as their own ideas on what is essential when telling a sci-fi and fantasy story. I'm also keen on their take on the standing of genre literature vis a vis literary fiction; whether this fixation with pigeonholing stories is a fruitless exercise since some works transcend boundaries; whether it is an exercise in snobbery, or if this helps authors and readers discover science fiction and fantasy.

The science fiction genre dates back hundreds of year, during the time of great advances in science and technology. Yet in most recent years there has been a rise in sci-fi and speculative fiction, as more authors question what the future will look like.

What do you think is the reason behind this rise and what attracts authors and readers towards this genre?

One might say that the "Epic of Gilgamesh" is one of the first, if not the first fantasy epic. Of course, mythology might be seen as the precursor of fantasy, that is a testament to the human imagination, creating stories and other worlds to make sense of their own.

More recently, the likes of Mary Shelley, Jules Verne, H.G Wells, JRR Tolkien and others have spearheaded both science fiction and fantasy, with sci-fi keeping pace and running ahead with the scientific discoveries of the time and the angst they caused.

The age of the internet, Dungeons and Dragons, Game Workshop and the rise of blockbuster franchises such as Star Wars and the Marvel Cinematic Universe have made the genres more accessible and fired the imagination of millions. There are many reasons as to why an author writes in such genres such as the lure to create an alternative world, it's like playing chess with history and the future.

Apart from the language, do you believe Maltese local sci-fi and fantasy literature has a different theme and style when compared to international titles of the same genre?

It is too early to determine the voice of Maltese fantasy and sci-fi, but the present authors are carving their niches and lighting the way. Maltese literature as a whole is fledgling compared to English, American, French and Italian literature to name but a few. There is a beauty to this in that the authors are establishing the rules of the genre within the local setting for others to follow, and are shaping the language to the stories they create.

Which authors and events inspired you to write Tawmaturgu? 

Where to start? Warhammar 40,000, Star Wars, The Lord of the Rings, and movies such as Event Horizon, have all been great influences. Authors who have left a great influence would be  JRR Tolkien, Frank Herbert, Dan Abnett, Aaron Dembski-Bowden and Graham McNeil to name a few. On the local scene, Trevor Zahra's Meta Jaqa C-Cpar was probably the first Maltese sci-fi book I've read and an interview with the author was essential in inspiring me to write when he encouraged would be authors to read.

I started writing It-Tawmaturgu after translating excerpts from Dan Abnett's Prospero Burns and Aaron Dembski-Bowden's Soul Hunter into Maltese for my MA in Translation dissertation. This showed me that not only was sci-fi in Maltese possible but that the language was malleable enough in the creation of neologisms and in telling a story with jargon related to military, astronomy and technology set in the far future. An excerpt from It-Tawmaturgu was edited by Joseph Sultana and Kit Azzopardi.

John A Bonello, National Book Prize Winner and author of Il-Loghba Tal-Allat trilogy and the Irvin Vella books, was my mentor and editor; who was extremely helpful and it was all thanks to him that I published the novel. I would like to call him the Master Jedi with me being the Padawan here.

What are you expecting from the Book Festival? Do you believe it is an important event and why?

I hope it would encourage people to read and maybe write their own work. There are many different worlds and stories out there waiting to be discovered. I hope the presence of illustrious authors like Loranne Vella, Dave Rudden, Kali Wallace and Jon Courtenay Grimwood help shed light onto the genres of science fiction and fantasy and be inspiration to their audiences.

The Book Festival is a very important event, it encourages people to read, be more critical in their everyday lives and be more active citizens. I cannot stress enough how important or praise the stellar work of the National Book Council in promoting literature in Malta and the rights of authors.

What is your advice to inspiring authors or those experiencing writers block?

I have only written one novel and still have much to learn and will always do. My advice though, such as it is, would be to read, not only in the genre they're writing in but outside their comfort zones. They should be ready for criticism and should always have beta readers to read their work before submitting their work for publishing. As for writer's block, it comes and goes. Sometimes it's good to stop for a while, to let the work rest and start again after a break. That said, writing is mostly discipline, there is no such thing as the muse or waiting to be inspired- otherwise you would never finish anything.

What is next for you? 

Translating It-Tawmaturgu into English (this has been a long time coming), and writing the sequel which is called It-Tawmaturgu: Il-Hmura ta' Filghodu (The Thaumaturge: Red Sky at Dawn).


          

Grotesque and mirthless humour in "Midnight Hotel" and Morning Yet on Judgement Day"

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This paper intends to examine theories of humour in which the comic and the tragic meet through the style and structure of a text. It therefore defines the grotesque along this line and expands our interpretation of Osofisan's satiric pieces in within the ambit of unnatural disordered universe he creates to arouse laugher. This is in contrast to the kind of humour that is mirthless in because the issues in discussion range from the serious and the tragic about the socio-political environment in which the play weaves the plot. In other words, our reception of each of these plays depends on the language and style of the plays to elicit either of the reactions: the grotesque in terms of the comic and mirthless humour in terms of the tragic which are so illustrated in each of the play. The paper concludes that whatever our reaction to each play both are good texts that intend to liberate us through humour from any frustration about the environment in which the texts are situated.


          

Our universe’s first seconds

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From In the Moment, Oct. 31, 2019: In this 42-minute podcast, Fermilab scientist Dan Hooper talks about particles, relativity and the origins of our universe, outlining our growing understanding of the conditions in which our universe began, highlighting what we know about the first few seconds after the Big Bang and how several astronomers and mathematicians throughout history helped us determine that the universe was expanding.
          

Anonym - Desert

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AutorIn: Anonym
Titel: Desert
Datum: 2011
Quelle: Entommen aus: "Desert. Hurra, die Welt geht unter", Unrast Verlag, Münster, Oktober 2016, 172 Seiten.
Vorwärts!
  • Tief in unseren Herzen wissen wir alle, dass die Welt nicht ›gerettet‹ werden wird

  • Aktive Desillusionierung ist befreiend

Etwas verfolgt viele Aktivist*innen, Anarchist*innen, Umweltschützer*innen, viele meiner Freund*innen. Es verfolgte auch mich. In unseren Subkulturen erzählen wir uns oft, dass es nicht da ist, dass wir es nicht sehen, nicht hören können. Unsere Wünsche für diese Welt verbieten es uns, es zu sehen. Trotz bester Bemühungen – kontinuierlichem Aktivismus, dem Aufbau von Bewegungen, einem angemessenem Leben als Ausdruck der eigenen Ethik – trotz alledem, nimmt das Gespenst für viele von uns Formen an. Das blasse Bild wird immer deutlicher, immer unvermeidbarer – bis einem das Gespenst ins Gesicht starrt. Genau wie bei vielen Ungeheuern aus den alten Märchen genügt ein Blickkontakt und mensch versteinert. Unfähig, sich zu bewegen. Von der Hoffnung verlassen, desillusioniert und inaktiv. Dieses Unwohlsein, das Versteinern, macht nicht nur die aktivistische Arbeit schleppend, ich konnte auch beobachten, wie es jede Facette des Lebens vieler meiner Freund*innen betraf.

Das Gespenst, dem viele nicht ins Auge blicken wollen, ist eine simple Erkenntnis: Die Welt wird nicht ›gerettet‹ werden. Die anarchistische Weltrevolution wird nicht stattfinden. Der Klimawandel ist inzwischen nicht mehr zu stoppen. Wir werden nicht das weltweite Ende der Zivilisation / des Kapitalismus / des Patriarchats / der Autorität erleben. Das wird in nächster Zeit einfach nicht kommen. Es ist unwahrscheinlich, dass es überhaupt irgendwann kommt. Die Erde wird nicht ›gerettet‹ werden. Nicht durch Aktivist*innen, nicht durch Massenbewegungen, nicht durch Wohltätigkeit und auch nicht durch ein aufständisches, globales Proletariat. Die Erde wird nicht ›gerettet‹ werden. Diese Erkenntnis verletzt die Leute. Sie wollen sie nicht wahrhaben! Es ist aber wahrscheinlich so.

Diese Erkenntnisse, dieses Aufgeben der Illusionen sollte nicht zur Handlungsunfähigkeit führen. Wenn mensch jedoch glaubt, es ginge um alles oder nichts, dann werden sie zu einem Problem. Viele Freund*innen sind aus der ›Bewegung‹ ›ausgestiegen‹, während andere noch immer in den alten Handlungsmustern feststecken – dies allerdings mit einer Traurigkeit und einem Zynismus, die ein Gefühl von Nutzlosigkeit vermitteln. Ein paar schweben über den Szenen und kritisieren alles – leben und kämpfen allerdings wenig.

»Es ist nicht die Verzweiflung – mit der Verzweiflung kann ich umgehen. Es ist die Hoffnung, mit der ich nicht umgehen kann«[1]

Die Hoffnung auf das große Happy End verletzt Leute – sie bereitet den Weg für den Schmerz, den sie spüren, wenn sie desillusioniert werden. Mal ehrlich, wer von uns glaubt wirklich daran? Wie viele sind an dem Aufwand, den fundamental religiösen Glauben an eine positive Transformation dieser Welt mit der uns umgebenden Lebensrealität in Einklang zu bringen, zerbrochen? Desillusioniert zu sein – in Bezug auf die Weltrevolution / auf unsere Möglichkeit, den Klimawandel zu stoppen – sollte jedoch nicht dazu führen, dass wir unsere anarchistische Überzeugung ändern oder unsere Liebe zur Natur aufgeben. Es gibt immer noch viele Möglichkeiten für wilde Freiheit.

Wie sehen einige dieser Möglichkeiten aus und wie können wir sie leben? Was könnte es bedeuten, Anarchist*in oder Umweltaktivist*in zu sein, wenn Weltrevolution und soziale / ökologische Zukunftsfähigkeit nicht das Ziel sind? Welche Ziele, Pläne, welche Lebensformen, was für Abenteuer ergeben sich, wenn die Illusionen beiseite gelegt werden und wir der Welt begegnen, ohne von der Desillusionierung handlungsunfähig geworden zu sein, sondern dank ihr unbeschwert sind?

1. Keine (globale) Zukunft
  • Religiöse Mythen: Fortschritt, globaler Kapitalismus, Weltrevolution, globaler Untergang

  • Ich liebe uns, es gibt so vieles, was wir sein und machen können, es gibt jedoch Grenze

  • Von Globalisierungskritik zum Klimawandel

Die Idee des Fortschritts war elementarer Bestandteil der modernen westlichen Weltanschauung, und die Annahme, dass die gesamte Welt sich immer weiter zu einer besseren Zukunft entwickeln würde, war dominant. Die Idee, dass eine globale libertäre Zukunft unvermeidbar oder möglich wäre, basiert auf diesem Glauben.

In mancherlei Hinsicht war / ist der Anarchismus das libertäre Extrem der (europäischen) Aufklärung – gegen Gott und den Staat. In manchen Ländern, wie Spanien zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts, war er die Aufklärung – sein militanter, pro-wissenschaftlicher Anti-Klerikalismus hatte genau so viel Anziehungskraft wie sein Antikapitalismus. Dennoch kann der Müll nicht so einfach auf der Müllhalde der Geschichte entsorgt werden, und ›progressive‹ revolutionäre Bewegungen stellten oftmals in ihrem Kern, in ihrer Form und in ihren Zielen nur eine Weiterführung der Religion mit anderen Mitteln dar. Der Glaube an das Erreichen von universellem Frieden und universeller Schönheit durch apokalyptische Tumulte voller Blut und Feuer (Revolution / Millennium / der Zusammenbruch) deutet darauf hin, dass der Anarchismus als aufklärerische Ideologie stark von seinen euro-christlichen Ursprüngen belastet ist. John Gray schrieb über den Marxismus, dass er »…eine radikale Version des Glaubens der Aufklärung an den Fortschritt ist – dieser ist schon an sich eine Abwandlung der christlichen Hoffnungen, nach denen die Geschichte als moralisches Elend begriffen wird, das in der Erlösung enden soll«.[2] Einige Anarchist*innen hatten nie etwas für solch einen Blödsinn übrig, viele dagegen schon und manche immer noch.

...


          

Road to success - Zozibini Tunzi

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SAfm — Zozibini Tunzi has been crowned Miss South Africa 2019. 25-year-old Zozibini from Cape Town walks away with the title as well as R3-million in prize money and sponsorships deals. The runner-up, Sasha-Lee Olivier, takes home R250 000 in cash, and all 16 finalists receive R25 000 Zozibini Tunzi (born 18 September 1993) is a South African beauty pageant titleholder who was crowned Miss South Africa 2019. She will now represent South Africa at the Miss Universe 2019 competition.
          

Comment on Song Melody Tricks We Can Take From “Norwegian Wood” by Morpheus

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The repeating motif in this song is called a "melodic sequence." It is found in many songs such as: The Beatles - Eleanor Rigby The Beatles - Across the Universe Stan Getz - Girl From Ipanema Nat King Cole - Nature Boy Dolly Parton - Jolene Cream - White Room Merle Haggard - Mama Tried Hank Williams - Settin' The Woods On Fire
          

A TRIBUTE TO MY BLOGGER FRIENDS

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A TRIBUTE TO MY BLOGGER FRIENDS.
by: Neneng R. Tarigan

Friendship is a unique relationship that knows no difference, cultural or otherwise.~

As bloggers, I think it is part of our obligation to promote our friends' blogs or their web sites in any possible way we can.
Yes, I must admit, sometimes we feel reluctant because some of them are so unmindful even to leave a little comment on our posts; we feel bad about that. However, let us forget about their negative sides for a while and think what we can value and learn from our blogger friends who really have brilliant ideas to put in their blogs, sorts of stories and info that would make our lives as the readers much happier, knowledgeable and colorful.
Let us just remember, how they have made our day full with laughter and curiosity with their intriguing writings, how they can turn our egoism down with their preaches and the wise words as well as poems that they have created or some had been quoted from famous people around the world, or the pictures and traveling experiences they shared with us in their blogs, their cooking recipes, their fashion ideas, their health tips, their amazing pictures, their gigs, their craziness, their cartoons, their love stories, their films, their talent as fortune tellers, their free money making machines, their skill as an IT experts, their gardening, their small agriculture expertise, their arts, their architecture, their free games and thousand others that could color our lives.
This post is a tribute to that kind of friends I have. There are thousands of them, but let us check some of their links and find out why these people deserve a special tribute as friends, though most of them are non professional writers, photographers, film makers, but what they had produced would make us whispers: " Yes indeed, they are really good!"
Here are some recommended links that I am sure you might share my view of their quality. Please take note that the row where I put the names of the bloggers does not represent the rank at all. You may also recommend me more links and categories to be add in this list, but that should not be the links belong to companies or organizations except your own company or organization; I am sure that will be interesting and fun as we could assume it as a little appreciation among us as real bloggers.
I highly value your concern for spending your precious time to check for the links in this list. I wish our works as bloggers would contribute to a greater advantageous to many people around the globe; and most importantly, to create a better connection and to enable us as human beings to live in peace and harmony together.
May God bless our works.
Forever your friend, Neneng Tarigan - Indonesia.

Preaches
Dr. Russ Murray (Canada)
http://woman4virtue.blogspot.com/
Judas Maccabaeus(Israel)

Novel
Sir Johnny Ray (USA), the American No 1 Winning Novelist and an award winning writer of international romantic novels.
http://www.sirjohn.us
http://www.facebook.com/pages/Novelist-J...
Pandora Poikilos (UK), a novelist. Peace from Pieces
Manoj Kumar (India), The Dot
http://www.justanotherdot.blogspot.com/
http://www.justanotherdot.wordpress.com/
Aisha (Pakistan), 3yeSH's Illusion, She and The City
http://www.3yesha.com
Daniel Fung (Malaysia)
http://cha2ming.blogspot.com/









Poems:
Jim McIntosh (New Zealand), Holes in My Soles
http://holesinmysoles.blogspot.com
Simon M Hunter (UK), Simon Hunter Poetry
Rigzin Namgyal (India), Love, Poems, Thought
http://www.networkedblogs.com/blog/rigzzz
Vishwas Anand (India), Provoking Hearts and Minds
http://vishwasanand28.wordpress.com/
Kymberly Berson, Words of Expression
http://kkswordsofexpression.synthasite.com/

Thriller and Horror:
Julian Ravage (USA), Writing, Arts, Dreams.
http://www.julianravage.com/
John Mountain (USA), Written in Blood, Writing and Promoting thriller and horror books, films and video
Scott Riddick (USA), Tales From A Motel
http://www.talesfromamotel.blogspot.com

Life:
Scott Riddick  (USA), a Typical Read
http://atypicalread.blogspot.com
Debra El Ramey (USA), Pure and Simple
Bonnie Panter Gayadeen (USA), Bongo is me at
http://bongoisme.blogspot.com
Therra Favor Weinberg (USA), Oh Lead Me
http://www.ohleadme.com/
Amit Purswani (India), Krane Metal
http://www.networkedblogs.com/blog/krane_metal
Umamaheswari Andane (India), Perpetual Mind.
http://perpetualthinkings.blogspot.com/
Savira Yogasavi (India), A Purple Journey
http://yogasavy.blogspot.com
Lisa Brandel (USA), The Widow Lady.
http://widowlady302.blogspot.com/
Deborah/Debbie (USA), Scattered Musing of A Creative Mind.
http://scatteredmusings.net/

Traveling Experience:
Dave Briggs (UK), "Daves Travel Page". Around The World Cyclist.
http://www.davestravelpages.com/
Jim McIntosh (New Zealand). Holes in My Soles.
http://holesinmysoles.blogspot.com
Sigit Hermawan (Indonesia), Rest Area
http://restarea28.blogspot.com/
Heinz Rainer (Austria), Project Life Art Travel: Life on Three Continents.
http://africasiaeuro.blogspot.com/
Michal Rupinski (Poland), Unlimited Dreamers
http://www.UnlimitedDreamers.com/blog
AJ Poliquit (Philippines), The Transcendental Tourist,
http://ajpoliquit.wordpress.com
Jorie Pacli (Philippines), The Long and Winding Road.
http://jorietravel.blogspot.com/
Norazam Che Amat, (Malaysia)
www.kenalinegaraku4u2c.blogspot.com
www.malaysiaopenhouse2u.blogspot.com
Baracea Cosmin (Romania), Most Beautiful Islands
http://mostbeautifullisland.blogspot.com/
Aznzar (Morocco), Subme, Morocco Deserts.
http://www.morocco-deserts.blogspot.com/

Photography:
Jim Brandono (USA), JP Brandono Photography
http://jpbrandano.imagekind.com/
Mike Neal (USA), Neal Studios
http://nealstudios.net/
Endy Daniel (Indonesia), Endy Photography
Hind Toufga (Morocco), Fashion Photography
http://hind-toufga.blogspot.com

Recipes:
Laura Spear (USA), Culinary Adventures.

Agriculture
Robert Puckett (USA), Missouri Permaculture.
http://www.missouripermaculture.com/

Architecture:
Cafelab Architettura (Italy)
Chrystal Baker Russel (Canada), Adorn on a Shoestring, Interior Decoration
http://www.adornonashoestring.com/

IT
Prabha Karan (India), Peppyday: News, Softwares, Blogging
Joe Morrow (USA) at
http://www.thebloggerpageshowto.blogspot.com/
Subrato Paul (India), Golden Twine,
http://www.goldenTwine.com/
Abhinav Singh (India), Hacking, Security, Computer.
http://hackingalert.blogspot.com/

Social Media:
Weddy Rhamdeny Karnalies (Indonesia/Australia), Social Outbreak/Indofast International


Human Right:
Geoge Sera (Kenya), Alliance Vision Educational Centre, A community project that supports orphans, widows and all vulnerable people in slum areas.
http://www.avec.webs.com/ http://www.alliancevision.blogspot.com/ http://www.avec.wetpaint.com/ http://www.avec.cealon.com/
Jessica Brant (USA),  Finding One's Way, Women, Domestic Abuse, Survivor Stories
http://findingonesway.com/

Education:
Damaio Carlos (Brazil), English Tips and Tour Guide.
http://www.englishtips-self-taught.blogspot.com/
Barry Smith (Australia), Keeping Kids Out of Trouble
http://www.keepkidsoutoftrouble.com/
Cristina Dubei (Romania), Human Resources and Marketing Projects.
http://krisztad.blogspot.com/

Health:
Al Sears, MD (USA), Power for Healthy Living
http://www.alsearsmd.com/contact-us/
Dr. Khan Sherief (Oman), All Internal Medicine
http://anaesthesiatoday.blogspot.com
Jeff Simms (USA), Overcoming Diabetes
http://overcomingdiabetes.blogspot.com/
Mary Hudak Collins (USA), Living with Celiac & Food Allergies
Green Yatra (India),
http://zaroorat-a-need.blogspot.com/
Egidius Heerkens (Netherlands), A Self Sufficient Journey,
Nature, Cooking, Bush-crafts.
http://www.eheerkens.com/

Journal:
Scott Ledbetter (USA), Ye Olde Journalist

Spiritual:
MaryelllenGrady (USA)
Jessica Mokrzycki (USA), Ascending The Hills
http://www.ascendingthehills.blogspot.com

Fortune Teller:
Indranil Ray (India), Astrology Useful Information
http://indranilray.blogspot.com/

Gigs:
Patricia Morrison (Canada), The Writing Womb
http://www.thewritingwomb.com/
Scott Riddick (USA), A Typical Read
http://atypicalread.blogspot.com
Pramod Lohia (Thailand), My Musing.
http://likemymusings.blogspot.com/

Cartoon:
Johnny Ancich (Canada)

Fashion:
Thuy Kathrin Otto and friends (Germany), Two For Fashion
http://www.twoforfashion.de/
Nava Krishnan (Malaysia), Life Style on Nava K.
http://www.networkedblogs.com/blog/lifestyle_on_nava_k
Hannah Santhanam (UK), Carina Bridesmaid Dresses
http://bridesmaiddresses.name/
AngHoo (Singapore), Korean Fashion Indulgence,
http://koreanfashionindulgence.weebly.com/2/post/2011/05/define-your-own-style-be-a-fashion-trendsetter.html
Mdvanii (Finland)
Soncere Nada (Italy), Milana Fashion Galery
http://milanafashiongallery.blogspot.com/
Zeeshan Rhana (Pakistan), Pakistan, India Beauty and Style

Jewelleries:
Gilliauna (Italy), Bits and Beads, Handcrafted jewelry.
http://www.bitsnbeads.com/
Sarah Jones, USA, Cute Jewelery
http://jewellery-style.blogspot.com/



Traditional Music:
Vedang Dharashive (India)
http://vedangdharashivemusic.blogspot.com/

Glass art:

Bibi Bowman (USA)
http://visualartexchange.ning.com/profile/bibibowmanrodrigue
Ashley Brake (USA)
http://theartistinyou.typepad.com/taiy/ashley-brake.html
Allison Reece (USA), Allison Reece Arts.

Wood crafts:
Sarah Wood (USA), Wood Arts Universe.
http://www.woodartsuniverse.com/

Films:
Aabhisek Phanda (India), Film Maker.
Entertainment:
Chad Elliot, Days in the Park
http://www.daysinthepark.com/

Stars and Films Comments:
Colleen Sullivan (USA), Star Smoothy
http://www.starsmoothy.com/

Forex:
Ikon Group (USA), 
http://www.ikonfx.com/

Making Money on Line:
Derek Jones (UK), Derek's Home and Business Blog
http://www.facebook.com/DereksHomeandBusinessBlog 
http://www.derekjones.co 
Francisco Linares (UK), How to Make Money On Line With Francisco Linares.
http://www.whatnetworkonline.com/
Delois Mc Kay (USA), Click Bank Success Blog.
Bronzilla Sheppard (USA), Gift Ideas, Make Money and Advice 
http://bronzilla-sheppard.blogspot.com/
Adam Jones (Australia), Video Marketing
http://www.youtubehigh.com/ 
Kevin Elliott (USA), The Best Way to Promote Business Through Video.
https://www.videocontrolpanel.net/
Akinori Shiratori (Japan), Javita Independent
http://www.myjavita.com/noritou

          

So I'm writing an essay trying to create a religion based around the worship of time. It's exciting stuff. I'm not sure if I should leave this joke in though...

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Mkay. Get back to me when Time loses all meaning because the Void has consumed all. When all the stars have gone out, when all matter has decayed, when all the black holes have evaporated, when the universe has finally reached that stable perfection that is absolute maximum entropy, when Nothing remains, and will remain, forever. Edit: Ok, quick skim of the Sithis wiki, since I'm not deep, or at all, into ES lore. And I gotta say, these chumps don't know shit about worshiping the Void. Chaos? Death? The Void is absolute stable perfection, the truly unachievable state of the existence of non-existence. The Void is the duality of everything and nothing. This whole system is flawed if they're attributing both "light" and "order" to the same god, Anu. Light is true chaos. It's bizarre how often everyone tries to combine things like "light" and "life" with perfection and order and stability. Light and life are absolutely chaotic elements. Light is movement. Light is energy. How is it anyone can believe energy and stability can co-exist? Delusional. No. Life will end, the light will fade, and all that will be left is the darkness, as the universe slowly grinds to a halt, achieving perfect stability. Nah. The more I read, the more I think this lore doesn't remotely fit with my idea of The Void. The Void isn't a counterpart to anything. The Void is the sum of all that is and all that is not. Death is the counterpart to Life. The Void encompasses them both. The Void is Beginning and End. From the Void, the universe was ripped, chaotic and violent, and from that moment, the universe has only ever sought to return to that state of Nothing.
          

The Best Pioneer Square Art Openings This Month

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Serene Woodblocks, Digital Art, A Tribute to Victims of White Supremacy, and Other Critics' Picks by Stranger EverOut Staff

On the first Thursday of every month, Seattleites flock to the streets of Pioneer Square for the city's central and oldest art walk, which offers opportunities to stroll, sip on wine, and attend as many gallery openings as possible. But, in most cases, the shows are up for longer than just one night, and the historic neighborhood is a great place to check out art any day of the year. So, below, we've compiled the most promising exhibits that are having opening receptions on November 7—complete with a Google map at the bottom.

Ancestral Journeyz of Coastal Voices
Multidisciplinary artists from various tribes—including Quileute, Quinault, Lummi, Tulalip, Makah, Skokomish, Kalispel, Muckleshoot, and Duwamish—juxtapose 1989's Coastal Canoe Journey Roadway (an annual celebration that recognizes the cultural importance of canoe travel to indigenous people) with 2019's through photographs, stained glass, weaving, paddles, regalia, and other art forms. 
SOIL Gallery

David Hytone: The Armchair Librettist
David Hytone has worked in paint, ink, paper, ceramics, and large-scale collage. His latest paintings on okawara Japanese paper blur the lines between geometric abstraction and the macroorganism.
Linda Hodges Gallery

Eva Isaksen: Urd/New Collages
Former Stranger critics Jen Graves and Nathaniel Deines called Isaksen "one of those rare, non-schlocky collage artists." Here, she uses materials reminiscent of her Norwegian childhood, like cut-ups of the "vintage Norwegian women's magazine URD."
Foster/White Gallery

Eva Pietzcker: Earth, Water, Light
Berlin-based Eva Pietzcker’s prints are mostly in the vein of Japanese-style woodblock printmaking, a process where watercolor paint is applied to a carved woodblock with brushes and printed by hand onto soft paper, as opposed to the Western style of using a press. Of this method, Pietzcker says that Japanese style prints “tend to have a more painterly appearance and can often resemble watercolor paintings.” I love the way the sun shines and falls upon water in her work. She has a piece that features Lake Crescent, in Olympic National Park, where the lake sparkles through the black trees. It almost seems to transform the medium of ink and paper into earth, water, and glimmer. JASMYNE KEIMIG
Davidson Galleries

Janna Watson: Seven Perfect Syllables
In 2018, Emily Pothast wrote for The Stranger: "In the early 20th century, nonobjective painting was seen as something revolutionary. Today, it feels almost quaint and anachronistic, as though every painting for its own sake that the universe could possibly need has already been made. The large-scale mixed-media works of Toronto-based painter Janna Watson stand in defiance of this trend. Large brushstrokes and small bursts of color wiggle and dance on soft gradients like visual music. A recent article from Artsy named Watson's paintings among the most collectible offerings at Seattle Art Fair—but even if you're not in the market to buy art, these are very nice to look at."
Foster/White Gallery

Ko Kirk Yamahira
Ko Kirk Yamahira’s works—one of which was recently acquired by the Frye Art Museum for its permanent collection—are destruction in suspension. Yamahira creatively takes apart sections of canvases, thread by thread (vertically, horizontally), expanding the breadth of the material and forcing it to occupy the gallery space in a new way. When I first saw his pieces, I marveled at the fastidiousness of his deconstruction, his unravelings. Of his work, he writes, “There is no specific aim to find a meaning, neither in the creative act itself, nor through the creative process.” His pieces are never finished, representing the beginning of a process of undoing and creation. JASMYNE KEIMIG
4Culture Gallery

Maja Petrić, Etsuko Ichikawa, Peter Gronquist: Digital Perspectives
This group exhibition brings together three artists whose work—in one way or another—utilizes different digital mediums to talk about humanity’s relationship to the world around us. Maja Petrić will be presenting Particle Attraction, a new interactive piece where viewers have the chance to walk through a simulated landscape. Etsuko Ichikawa will be continuing her exploration of nuclear waste and “what we choose to leave behind” in Murmurings of Love, in which a futuristic figure smashes a vessel made of uranium glass. And finally, in A Visual History of the Invisible 2, Peter Gronquist will be projecting a “soothing and hypnotic” digital installation of a large gold fabric magically suspended against a bright-blue sky. JASMYNE KEIMIG
Winston Wächter Gallery

Norman Lundin: Remembered Detail
I do believe in the holiness of certain overlooked spaces. Especially at times of the day that almost do not exist. Like, 3:30 p.m. is definitely a time, but 6:43 a.m.? I don’t know her. Seattle-based artist Norman Lundin’s work memorializes and depicts this kind of time, in these kinds of spaces. The way the light from the late-afternoon sun slants through the windows onto the neglected side of a studio, or the orange glow of dawn outside the windows of a dark workroom. A reminder that the forgotten, the overlooked, the just barely remembered can be sacred and beautiful, too. JASMYNE KEIMIG
Greg Kucera Gallery

Paul Rucker: Forever
In past exhibitions, this Guggenheim Fellowship-winning artist and cellist has meditated on such topics as police shootings, racism, slavery, and other atrocities against African Americans and other people of color. His 2016 series Forced Migration, for example, used animation and acrylics to expand upon the image of an enslaved person on a Confederate $100 bill. This exhibition features stamp prints on aluminum that depict activists, schoolchildren, falsely accused teens, and others murdered by white supremacists.
Greg Kucera Gallery


          

Merrill Edge Financial Solutions Advisor (Burke Lake Rd FC) Burke

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Job Description:

At Bank of America, were creating real, meaningful relationships with individuals and businesses across the country. Each day, we connect with 67 million clients through a growing specialist workforce and our world class digital platform. With each relationship and connection, we are looking to provide care and guidance for our clients when they need us most whether they are just starting out, buying a home, building a family or planning for retirement. As part of our commitment, we are looking for the next generation of Financial Advisorsthose with a passion for growing a long term career and a drive to make our clients financial lives better.

If you are an individual who is passionate about helping clients reach their financial goals, join Bank of Americas Advisor Development Program and become a Financial Solutions Advisor in one of over 4,000 financial center locations nationwide. The Financial Center Financial Solutions Advisor role is a pivotal role for experienced advisors looking to grow in a world-class organization.

From day one, you will receive training from our award-winning Academy at Bank of America. This program delivers hands-on practice, personalized coaching and classes that will help you become the advisor you want to be. The Academy also provides training beyond portfolios and investment strategies. Youll learn to consider a clients entire and complex financial picture, and then guide them with advice and solutions to help them live their best financial lives.

With demonstrated success, you have unlimited career growth and the opportunity to advance in many roles within Bank of America and Merrill. The Academy will support you along the way with dedicated programs, tools and resources throughout your career journey.

This position is subject to SAFE Act registration requirements. Pursuant to the SAFE Act requirements, all employees engaged in residential loan mortgage originations must register with the federal registry system and remain in good standing. Since your position requires SAFE Act registration, you will be required to register and to submit to the required SAFE Act background check and registration process. Failure to obtain and/or maintain SAFE Act registration may result in your immediate termination.

Well help you

--- Build a successful career at Bank of America through world-class training and on-boarding programs that set you up for success.

--- Get training and one-on-one coaching from Academy managers who are invested in your success. Youll be enrolled in the Advisor Develop Program, part of The Academy, to develop as an advisor; the potential for growth is yours.

--- Provide end-to-end comprehensive advice, deliver client reviews/presentations with confidence and recommend strategies to help clients achieve their financial goals and life priorities.

--- Get smart on core banking and investment solutions and connect clients to all of the solutions we provide.

--- Build your network. Starting at a financial center, youll interact with banking customers, small business owners and higher net worth clients alike. Youll be able to leverage our relationships with one out of two households in the U.S. to help eventually grow your business.

--- Build connections. Work in the center of the financial universe, tapping into a range of experts, from mortgage lenders to investment analysts.

--- Continuously learn and grow, with on-going career development support and opportunities for advancement with Bank of America and Merrill.

--- Achieve additional professional designations such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and/or Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor (CRPC) or leverage approved tuition reimbursement to further your education.

As a Financial Solutions Advisor II, you can look forward to

--- Unlimited potential for financial growth.

--- A strong referral network from across the business that will give you a leg-up on client acquisition.

--- Robust marketing support to reach wider audiences with greater appeal.

--- Ongoing professional development to deepen your skills and optimize your practice as the industry evolves and changes.

--- Leadership opportunities, from leading client and conference seminars to mentoring junior associates.

Were a culture that

--- Believes in responsible growth and has a proven dedication to supporting the communities we serve.

--- Provides continuous training and developmental opportunities to help people achieve their goals, whatever their background or experience.

--- Believes diversity makes us stronger, so we can reflect, connect to and meet the diverse needs of our clients and customers around the world.

--- Is committed to advancing our tools, technology, and ways of working. We always put our clients first to meet their evolving needs.

Required skills:

--- Currently holds Series 7 & 66 (63 & 65 in lieu of 66) licenses. If you do not currently hold the 66 but have either a 63 or 65, an offer can be extended with the condition that a passing score is received for the missing series within 60 days.

--- Has at least one year experience in the investments industry, including investment training and in-depth knowledge of investment products and services.

--- Has at least one year experience working in the financial service industry and/or a sales environment where goals were met or exceeded.

--- Sets and accomplishes goals, achieving whatever you put your mind to.

--- Builds and nurtures strong relationships.

--- Collaborates effectively with others to get things done.

--- Communicates effectively and confidently and is comfortable engaging all clients.

--- Manages goals, navigates complexity, prioritizes tasks and executes in a fast-paced environment.

--- Likes to learn, adapts to new information and seeks the right solutions for clients.

--- Efficiently manages your time and capacity.

--- Is thorough and thoughtful in incorporating relevant regulatory due diligence into daily activities and long-term strategies for clients.

Desired skills:

--- Strong computer skills with an ability to multitask in a demanding environment.

--- At least three years experience working in the financial service industry and/or a sales environment where goals were met or exceeded.

--- Achieved additional professional designations such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and/or Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor (CRPC).

--- Obtained your insurance licenses.

Shift:1st shift (United States of America)Hours Per Week:40
          

Merrill Edge Financial Solutions Advisor - Rockville Area (Evergreen)

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Job Description:
At Bank of America, were creating real, meaningful relationships with individuals and businesses across the country. Each day, we connect with 67 million clients through a growing specialist workforce and our world class digital platform. With each relationship and connection, we are looking to provide care and guidance for our clients when they need us most whether they are just starting out, buying a home, building a family or planning for retirement. As part of our commitment, we are looking for the next generation of Financial Advisorsthose with a passion for growing a long term career and a drive to make our clients financial lives better.

If you are an individual who is passionate about helping clients reach their financial goals, join Bank of Americas Advisor Development Program and become a Financial Solutions Advisor in one of over 4,000 locations nationwide. Our award winning Academy offers training to go beyond portfolios and investment strategies. Youll consider a clients entire, complex financial picture, and then guide them with advice and solutions to help them live their best financial lives

From day one, you will receive best-in-class training from the award winning Academy at Bank of America. Our Advisor Development Program delivers hands-on practice, personalized coaching and dedicated classes for understanding the Life Priorities and needs of your clients. Our program guides you through a defined path to become the financial advisor you want to be. From marketing yourself to managing your own practice, well equip you with everything you need as you move through the stages of development.

The Financial Center Financial Solutions Advisor role is a pivotal role for experienced advisors looking to grow in a world-class organization. With demonstrated success, you have unlimited career growth and the opportunity to advance in many roles within Merrill Edge, Bank of America, Merrill Lynch and U.S. Trust. The Academy will support you along the way with In Role Development, Mastery and Leadership Development.

This position is subject to SAFE Act registration requirements. Pursuant to the SAFE Act requirements, all employees engaged in residential loan mortgage originations must register with the federal registry system and remain in good standing. Since your position requires SAFE Act registration, you will be required to register and to submit to the required SAFE Act background check and registration process. Failure to obtain and/or maintain SAFE Act registration may result in your immediate termination

Well help you

  • Get training and one-on-one coaching from Academy managers who are invested in your success. Youll enroll in our Academy for Consumer and Small Business to develop as an advisor; the potential for growth is yours
  • Provide end-to-end comprehensive advice. Deliver client reviews/presentations with confidence and recommend strategies to help clients achieve their financial goals and life priorities.
  • Get smart on core banking and investment solutions. Connect clients to all of the solutions we provide
  • Grow your network to eventually grow your business. Leverage our relationships with one out of two households in the U.S. Starting at a financial center, youll interact with banking customers, small business owners and higher net worth clients alike.
  • Build connections. Work in the center of the financial universe, tapping into a range of experts, from mortgage lenders to investment analysts.
  • Continuously learn and grow, with on-going career development support and opportunities for advancement with Bank of America, Merrill Lynch and U.S. Trust.


    • Achieve additional professional designations such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and/or Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor (CRPC) or leverage approved tuition reimbursement to further your education

      As a Financial Solutions Advisor, you can look forward to

      • Unlimited potential for financial growth
      • A strong referral network from across the business that will give you a leg-up on client acquisition
      • Robust marketing support to reach wider audiences with greater appeal
      • Ongoing professional development to deepen your skills and optimize your practice as the industry evolves and changes
      • Leadership opportunities, from leading client and conference seminars to mentoring junior associates

        Youre a person who (required skills)

        • Currently holds Series 7 & 66 (63 & 65 in lieu of 66) licenses. If you do not currently hold the 66 but have either a 63 or 65, an offer can be extended with the condition that a passing score is received for the missing series within 60 days.
        • Has at least one year experience in the investments industry, including investment training and in-depth knowledge of investment products and services.
        • Has at least one year experience working in the financial service industry and/or a sales environment where goals were met or exceeded.
        • Sets and accomplishes goals, achieving whatever you put your mind to.
        • Builds and nurtures strong relationships.
        • Collaborates effectively with others to get things done.
        • Communicates effectively and confidently and is comfortable engaging all clients.
        • Manages goals, navigates complexity, prioritizes tasks and executes in a fast-paced environment.
        • Likes to learn, adapts to new information and seeks the right solutions for clients.
        • Efficiently manages your time and capacity.
        • Is thorough and thoughtful in incorporating relevant regulatory due diligence into daily activities and long-term strategies for clients.

          Youll be even more prepared if you have

          • Strong computer skills with an ability to multitask in a demanding environment
          • At least three years experience working in the financial service industry and/or a sales environment where goals were met or exceeded.
          • Achieved additional professional designations such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and/or Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor (CRPC).
          • Obtained your insurance licenses.

            Were a culture that

            • Has a place for everyone committed to doing the work. We provide continuous training and developmental opportunities to help people achieve their goals, whatever their background or experience.
            • Believes diversity makes us stronger, so we can reflect, connect to and meet the diverse needs of our clients and customers around the world
            • Is committed to advancing our tools, technology, and ways of working. We always put our clients first to meet their evolving needs
            • Believes in responsible growth and has a proven dedication to supporting the communities we serve
              Shift:1st shift (United States of America)Hours Per Week:40
          

Microsoft Innovation Stories! Intersection Of Art And Science!

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Intersecting art and science creates a universe of possibility to make the invisible visible. Asta Roseway, Microsoft Principal Research Designer/Fusionist, shares her thoughts on fusing art, technology and science to address crucial issues like climate change, pollution exposure, mental health and other challenges currently facing society. Asta shares about innovative creations such as speaking to […]
          

The Poetic Universe of Hafez

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It has been said that every Iranian household contains two books, the Koran and Hafez. And a little saying suggests, “While one is read, the other is not.” More than 600 years after his death, the 14th-century poet Hafez of

The post The Poetic Universe of Hafez appeared first on Interlude.hk.


          

In the Harmonic Labyrinth – Locatelli’s Capriccio No. 23

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What is a capriccio? It has its roots in late 16th-century Italy, where it was used to describe a set of madrigals by Jacquet de Berchem in 1561. According to Furetière in his Dictionnaire universel (1690), ‘Capriccios are pieces of

The post In the Harmonic Labyrinth – Locatelli’s Capriccio No. 23 appeared first on Interlude.hk.


          

THE FOOL

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​THE FOOL ... when people take advantage of you, and you still continue to trust and trust again you are not the fool, you are a pure conscious being who will not be sullied by other peoples dishonest behaviour. Let them be the fool in thinking their behaviour is not being noticed, even if you don't see what they are doing immediately other people will see who they really are before you. Nothing we do goes unnoticed by everyone and certainly not by the universe. A cheap gain only brings a [...]
          

Infinity Defiance Kickstarter Fully Funded & Breaking Stretch Goals

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Infinity Defiance Kickstarter Fully Funded & Breaking Stretch Goals

Corvus Belli has a new way to play in the Infinity Universe – the Dungeon Crawling Infinity Defiance! It’s out on Kickstarter and is going strong.

The post Infinity Defiance Kickstarter Fully Funded & Breaking Stretch Goals appeared first on Bell of Lost Souls.


          

Born Digital – The Expanding Universe of Research Content

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Publishing as we know it is being redefined to include other forms of content that are part of the scholar’s workflow.

The post Born Digital – The Expanding Universe of Research Content appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.


          

Richard Madden rushed off set of Marvel’s The Eternals after bomb scare

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The likes of Richard Madden, Angelina Jolie and Kit Harington are currently busy shootingThe Eternals, one of the next big things in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Yesterday, filming on the island of Fuerteventura — one of the Canary Islands, off the coast of northeastern Africa — was interrupted after a bomb was discovered in the area. […]

The post Richard Madden rushed off set of Marvel’s The Eternals after bomb scare appeared first on Winter is Coming.


          

Dune: The Sisterhood has already lost its showrunner

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Legendary Entertainment has a plan. In the wake of smash successes like Game of Thrones, they want to revive Frank Herbert’s Dune universe, about a future where humanity has colonized the galaxy. There’s a Dune movie from Arrival director Denis Villeneuve already in post-production. Legendary also wants video games, comic books…and TV shows. WarnerMedia also has a plan. Seeing the success of […]

The post Dune: The Sisterhood has already lost its showrunner appeared first on Winter is Coming.


          

The Wrong Todd (2018) [720p] [yifyddl.movie]

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the-wrong-todd-2018
IMDB Rating: 4.7/10
Runtime: 90 min

Everything changes for Todd when his evil twin from a parallel universe arrives to steal his girlfriend.
          

Nouveau régime aux seuls nouveaux entrants : C'est impossible !, répète Delevoye

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Le haut-commissaire aux retraites, Jean-Paul Delevoye, assure mercredi qu'il est impossible de réserver le nouveau régime universel de retraites aux seuls nouveaux entrants sur le marché du travail, dans un entretien au Parisien.
          

Star Wars Toy Box

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Star Wars Toy Box specializes in helping collectors find almost anything and everything in the Star Wars collectibles universe. With an enormous collection of vinctage items - to the most current items out there... they have it all.
          

Chris Evans joined 'Billy on the Street' to rally a posse of lesbians

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Billy Eichner has returned to terrorize the streets of New York once more, dragging along human golden retriever Chris Evans to join him in the 15th anniversary episode of Billy on the Street.

With Eichner dual-wielding his signature microphone and blatant disregard for social norms, the pair rushed about the city to ask random strangers a series of pressing questions. These included whether they'd sign a petition "to remove Kevin Spacey from homosexuality and add Chris Evans", and if they'd rather have sex with Evans or his Marvel Cinematic Universe co-star Paul Rudd.

Rudd was picked up in their frantic charge through New York, joining Eichner and Evans for a brief period before being replaced with "Chris' worst nightmare: a bunch of lesbians that don't care that he's hot."  Read more...

More about Chris Evans, Billy Eichner, Billy On The Street, Entertainment, and Celebrities
          

Extinction

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ExtinctionPublisher: Livres de l and #039;Ours

EXCTINCTION is a stand alone RPG of Sci-Fi survival horror made with the BLACK HACK, inspired by movies like Alien, Outland and Event horizon.

Players can choose a character class, from Corporate drone to Medic or Deck officer (8 classes in total), read a 1 page summary of the setting, pick a rules cheat sheet and start to play right away.

GMs will find an introductory adventure, Breathing Day, so they can start running the game on the same day they bought the book!

Keeping with BLACK HACK traditions, EXTINCTION is loaded with tools: create NPCs, colonies, space stations, alien ruins, find what's wrong with a corporation or the next target of a fringe group... It's a big universe and xenomorphs are not the only danger players will face.


          

The Universe Might Be a Giant Loop - Space.com

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  1. The Universe Might Be a Giant Loop  Space.com
  2. The universe might not be flat - it could be curved like an inflating ball  Yahoo News UK
  3. Universe not flat but an inflating ‘closed sphere’ that loops back on itself, scientists claim  The Sun
  4. The universe is curved, controversial new study suggests  Newshub
  5. The Universe May Be Round—and That Would Be Bad News for Physicists  Gizmodo
  6. View full coverage on Google News

          

L Attraction Universelle David

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L Attraction Universelle David
          

‘Helstrom’ Adds Ex-X-Man Daniel Cudmore In A Recurring Role

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Are we getting our first crossover between the ‘X-Men’ movie universe and the Marvel Cinematic Universe?  Well, no, but close.  Daniel Cudmore has been cast in a recurring role on Hulu’s live-action series ‘Helstrom’, based on the Marvel comic book characters Daimon and Ana (Satana) Helstrom, who might be the children of Satan. On the show, their father is a notorious serial killer.  It’s unknown if that is a misdirect or if the show is deviating from the comics.  Cudmore’s character, Keith Spivey, is “a nurse at St. Teresa’s where  Daimon and Ana’s mother, Victoria, has been institutionalized for the last 20 years.”  (per Deadline)   RELATED: Character Breakdowns From Marvel And Hulu’s ‘Helstrom’ Emerge   Of course, Cudmore may be best known among comic book adaptation fans for playing Colossus in the ‘X-Men’ films.  He debuted in ‘X2: X-Men United’, and went on to appear in ‘X-Men: The Last Stand’ (a.k.a. ‘X-Men 3’), and in ‘X-Men: Days of Future Past’, in which he was part of the mutant resistance that had gone into hiding to avoid the Sentinels.  He is also listed as having made an uncredited appearance in this year’s ‘Dark Phoenix’, but I don’t recall seeing him. […]

The post ‘Helstrom’ Adds Ex-X-Man Daniel Cudmore In A Recurring Role appeared first on ScienceFiction.com.


          

Forcing It: Cancelled ‘Star Wars’ Films From David Benioff and DB Weiss Were To Explain Origins Of The Jedi

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For a lot of fans, news that David Benioff and DB Weiss were no longer going to be making films in the ‘Star Wars’ universe was not that much of a blow, especially for the ones who did not enjoy the direction they took and ended ‘Game of Thrones’ on. Now, thanks to Variety, there is more news about the kind of film they had been looking to make for ‘Star Wars,’ which is sure to make a large group of those fans even happier that the films are not moving forward. According to the Variety story, the trilogy of movies that Benioff and Weiss were developing would: “… exist apart from the Skywalker family saga,” and focus on “exploring….how the Jedi came to exist.” The last time ‘Star Wars’ tried to “explore” any part of their mythology was when George Lucas tried to explain the nature of the Force in the prequels with the midi-chlorians, and fans have still not gotten over complaining about that. And in this situation, since rumors had been flying that Weiss and Benioff would be doing movies set in the days of the “Old Republic” and fans were hoping for something similar to what […]

The post Forcing It: Cancelled ‘Star Wars’ Films From David Benioff and DB Weiss Were To Explain Origins Of The Jedi appeared first on ScienceFiction.com.


          

The Invisible Man: Check Out First Look At The Next Dark Universe Movie

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Leigh Whannell's film looks to take the Universal Monsters into the horror realm.


          

Building Intuitions On Non-Empirical Arguments In Science by Scott Alexander

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I.

Aeon: Post-Em­piri­cal Science Is An Oxy­moron And It is Danger­ous:

There is no agreed crite­rion to dis­t­in­guish sci­ence from pseu­do­science, or just plain or­di­nary bul­lshit, open­ing the door to all man­ner of meta­physics mas­querad­ing as sci­ence. This is ‘post-em­piri­cal’ sci­ence, where truth no longer mat­ters, and it is po­ten­tially very dan­ger­ous.

It’s not difficult to find re­cent ex­am­ples. On 8 June 2019, the front cover of New Scien­tist mag­a­z­ine boldly de­clared that we’re ‘In­side the Mir­ror­verse’. Its ed­i­tors bid us ‘Wel­come to the par­allel re­al­ity that’s hid­ing in plain sight’. […]

[Some physi­cists] claim that neu­trons [are] flit­ting be­tween par­allel uni­verses. They ad­mit that the chances of prov­ing this are ‘low’, or even ‘zero’, but it doesn’t re­ally mat­ter. When it comes to grab­bing at­ten­tion, invit­ing that all-im­por­tant click, or pur­chase, spec­u­la­tive meta­physics wins hands down.

Th­ese the­o­ries are based on the no­tion that our Uni­verse is not unique, that there ex­ists a large num­ber of other uni­verses that some­how sit alongside or par­allel to our own. For ex­am­ple, in the so-called Many-Wor­lds in­ter­pre­ta­tion of quan­tum me­chan­ics, there are uni­verses con­tain­ing our par­allel selves, iden­ti­cal to us but for their differ­ent ex­pe­riences of quan­tum physics. Th­ese the­o­ries are at­trac­tive to some few the­o­ret­i­cal physi­cists and philoso­phers, but there is ab­solutely no em­piri­cal ev­i­dence for them. And, as it seems we can’t ever ex­pe­rience these other uni­verses, there will never be any ev­i­dence for them. As Brous­sard ex­plained, these the­o­ries are suffi­ciently slip­pery to duck any kind of challenge that ex­per­i­men­tal­ists might try to throw at them, and there’s always some­one happy to keep the idea al­ive.

Is this re­ally sci­ence? The an­swer de­pends on what you think so­ciety needs from sci­ence. In our post-truth age of ca­sual lies, fake news and al­ter­na­tive facts, so­ciety is un­der ex­traor­di­nary pres­sure from those push­ing po­ten­tially dan­ger­ous an­ti­scien­tific pro­pa­ganda – rang­ing from cli­mate-change de­nial to the anti-vaxxer move­ment to home­o­pathic medicines. I, for one, pre­fer a sci­ence that is ra­tio­nal and based on ev­i­dence, a sci­ence that is con­cerned with the­o­ries and em­piri­cal facts, a sci­ence that pro­motes the search for truth, no mat­ter how tran­sient or con­tin­gent. I pre­fer a sci­ence that does not read­ily ad­mit the­o­ries so vague and slip­pery that em­piri­cal tests are ei­ther im­pos­si­ble or they mean ab­solutely noth­ing at all.

As always, a sin­gle quote doesn’t do the ar­gu­ment jus­tice, so go read the ar­ti­cle. But I think this cap­tures the ba­sic ar­gu­ment: mul­ti­verse the­o­ries are bad, be­cause they’re untestable, and untestable sci­ence is pseu­do­science.

Many great peo­ple, both philoso­phers of sci­ence and prac­tic­ing sci­en­tists, have already dis­cussed the prob­lems with this point of view. But none of them lay out their ar­gu­ment in quite the way that makes the most sense to me. I want to do that here, with­out claiming any origi­nal­ity or spe­cial ex­per­tise in the sub­ject, to see if it helps con­vince any­one else.

II.

Con­sider a clas­sic ex­am­ple: mod­ern pa­le­on­tol­ogy does a good job at pre­dict­ing dinosaur fos­sils. But the cre­ation­ist ex­pla­na­tion – Satan buried fake dinosaur fos­sils to mis­lead us – also pre­dicts the same fos­sils (we as­sume Satan is good at dis­guis­ing his ex­is­tence, so that the lack of other strong ev­i­dence for Satan doesn’t con­tra­dict the the­ory). What prin­ci­ples help us re­al­ize that the Satan hy­poth­e­sis is ob­vi­ously stupid and the usual pa­le­on­tolog­i­cal one more plau­si­ble?

One bad re­sponse: pa­le­on­tol­ogy can bet­ter pre­dict char­ac­ter­is­tics of dinosaur fos­sils, us­ing ar­gu­ments like “since ple­siosaurs are aquatic, they will be found in ar­eas that were un­der­wa­ter dur­ing the Me­so­zoic, but since tyran­nosaurs are ter­res­trial, they will be found in ar­eas that were on land”, and this makes it bet­ter than the Satan hy­poth­e­sis, which can only retro­d­ict these char­ac­ter­is­tics. But this isn’t quite true: since Satan is try­ing to fool us into be­liev­ing the mod­ern pa­le­on­tol­ogy paradigm, he’ll hide the fos­sils in ways that con­form to its pre­dic­tions, so we will pre­dict ple­siosaur fos­sils will only be found at sea – oth­er­wise the gig would be up!

A sec­ond bad re­sponse: “The hy­poth­e­sis that all our find­ings were planted to de­ceive us bleeds into con­spir­acy the­o­ries and touches on the prob­lem of skep­ti­cism. Th­ese things are in­her­ently out­side the realm of sci­ence.” But ar­chae­olog­i­cal find­ings are very of­ten de­liber­ate hoaxes planted to de­ceive ar­chae­ol­o­gists, and in prac­tice ar­chae­ol­o­gists con­sider and test that hy­poth­e­sis the same way they con­sider and test ev­ery other hy­poth­e­sis. Rule this out by fiat and we have to ac­cept Pilt­down Man, or at least claim that the peo­ple ar­gu­ing against the ve­rac­ity of Pilt­down Man were do­ing some­thing other than Science.

A third bad re­sponse: “Satan is su­per­nat­u­ral and sci­ence is not al­lowed to con­sider su­per­nat­u­ral ex­pla­na­tions.” Fine then, re­place Satan with an alien. I think this is a stupid dis­tinc­tion – if demons re­ally did in­terfere in earthly af­fairs, then we could in­ves­ti­gate their ac­tions us­ing the same meth­ods we use to in­ves­ti­gate ev­ery other pro­cess. But this would take a long time to ar­gue well, so for now let’s just stick with the alien.

A fourth bad re­sponse: “There is no em­piri­cal test that dis­t­in­guishes the Satan hy­poth­e­sis from the pa­le­on­tol­ogy hy­poth­e­sis, there­fore the Satan hy­poth­e­sis is in­her­ently un­falsifi­able and there­fore pseu­do­scien­tific.” But this can’t be right. After all, there’s no em­piri­cal test that dis­t­in­guishes the pa­le­on­tol­ogy hy­poth­e­sis from the Satan hy­poth­e­sis! If we call one of them pseu­do­science based on their in­sep­a­ra­bil­ity, we have to call the other one pseu­do­science too!

A naive Pop­pe­rian (which maybe no­body re­ally is) would have to stop here, and say that we pre­dict dinosaur fos­sils will have such-and-such char­ac­ter­is­tics, but that ques­tions like that pro­cess that drives this pat­tern – a long-dead ecosys­tem of ac­tual dinosaurs, or the Devil plant­ing dinosaur bones to de­ceive us – is a mys­ti­cal ques­tion be­yond the abil­ity of Science to even con­ceiv­ably solve.

I think the cor­rect re­sponse is to say that both the­o­ries ex­plain the data, and one can­not em­piri­cally test which the­ory is true, but the pa­le­on­tol­ogy the­ory is more el­e­gant (I am tempted to say “sim­pler”, but that might im­ply I have a rigor­ous math­e­mat­i­cal defi­ni­tion of the form of sim­plic­ity in­volved, which I don’t). It re­quires fewer other weird things to be true. It in­volves fewer other hid­den vari­ables. It trans­forms our wor­ld­view less. It gets a cleaner shave with Oc­cam’s Ra­zor. This el­e­gance is so im­por­tant to us that it ex­plains our vast prefer­ence for the first the­ory over the sec­ond.

A long tra­di­tion of philoso­phers of sci­ence have already writ­ten elo­quently about this, summed up by Sean Car­roll here:

What makes an ex­pla­na­tion “the best.” Thomas Kuhn ,af­ter his in­fluen­tial book The Struc­ture of Scien­tific Revolu­tions led many peo­ple to think of him as a rel­a­tivist when it came to sci­en­tific claims, at­tempted to cor­rect this mis­im­pres­sion by offer­ing a list of crite­ria that sci­en­tists use in prac­tice to judge one the­ory bet­ter than an­other one: ac­cu­racy, con­sis­tency, broad scope, sim­plic­ity, and fruit­ful­ness. “Ac­cu­racy” (fit­ting the data) is one of these crite­ria, but by no means the sole one. Any work­ing sci­en­tist can think of cases where each of these con­cepts has been in­voked in fa­vor of one the­ory or an­other. But there is no un­am­bigu­ous al­gorithm ac­cord­ing to which we can feed in these crite­ria, a list of the­o­ries, and a set of data, and ex­pect the best the­ory to pop out. The way in which we judge sci­en­tific the­o­ries is in­escapably re­flec­tive, messy, and hu­man. That’s the re­al­ity of how sci­ence is ac­tu­ally done; it’s a mat­ter of judg­ment, not of draw­ing bright lines be­tween truth and falsity or sci­ence and non-sci­ence. For­tu­nately, in typ­i­cal cases the ac­cu­mu­la­tion of ev­i­dence even­tu­ally leaves only one vi­able the­ory in the eyes of most rea­son­able ob­servers.

The dinosaur hy­poth­e­sis and the Satan hy­poth­e­sis both fit the data, but the dinosaur hy­poth­e­sis wins hands-down on sim­plic­ity. As Car­roll pre­dicts, most rea­son­able ob­servers are able to con­verge on the same solu­tion here, de­spite the philo­soph­i­cal com­plex­ity.

III.

I’m start­ing with this ex­treme case be­cause its very ex­trem­ity makes it eas­ier to see the mechanism in ac­tion. But I think the same pro­cess ap­plies to other cases that peo­ple re­ally worry about.

Con­sider the rid­dle of the Sphinx. There’s pretty good ar­chae­olog­i­cal ev­i­dence sup­port­ing the con­sen­sus po­si­tion that it was built by Pharaoh Khafre. But there are a few holes in that story, and a few scat­tered ar­ti­facts sug­gest it was ac­tu­ally built by Pharaoh Khufu; a re­spectable minor­ity of ar­chae­ol­o­gists be­lieve this. And there are a few anoma­lies which, if taken wildly out of con­text, you can use to tell a story that it was built long be­fore Egypt ex­isted at all, maybe by At­lantis or aliens.

So there are three com­pet­ing hy­pothe­ses. All of them are con­sis­tent with cur­rent ev­i­dence (even the At­lantis one, which was writ­ten af­ter the cur­rent ev­i­dence was found and care­fully adds enough epicy­cles not to blatantly con­tra­dict it). Per­haps one day ev­i­dence will come to light that sup­ports one above the oth­ers; maybe in some un­ex­ca­vated tomb, a hi­ero­glyphic tablet says “I cre­ated the Sphinx, sincerely yours, Pharaoh Khufu”. But maybe this won’t hap­pen. Maybe we already have all the Sphinx-re­lated ev­i­dence we’re go­ing to get. Maybe the in­for­ma­tion nec­es­sary to dis­t­in­guish among these hy­pothe­ses has been ut­terly lost be­yond any con­ceiv­able abil­ity to re­con­struct.

I don’t want to say “No hy­poth­e­sis can be tested any fur­ther, so Science is use­less to us here”, be­cause then we’re forced to con­clude stupid things like “Science has no opinion on whether the Sphinx was built by Khafre or At­lanteans,” whereas I think most sci­en­tists would ac­tu­ally have very strong opinions on that.

But what about the ques­tion of whether the Sphinx was built by Khafre or Khufu? This is a real open ques­tion with re­spectable ar­chae­ol­o­gists on both sides; what can we do about it?

I think the an­swer would have to be: the same thing we did with the Satan vs. pa­le­on­tol­ogy ques­tion, only now it’s a lot harder. We try to figure out which the­ory re­quires fewer other weird things to be true, fewer hid­den vari­ables, less trans­for­ma­tion of our wor­ld­view – which the­ory works bet­ter with Oc­cam’s Ra­zor. This is rel­a­tively easy in the At­lantis case, and hard but po­ten­tially pos­si­ble in the Khafre vs. Khufu case.

(Bayesi­ans can rephrase this to: given that we have a cer­tain amount of ev­i­dence for each, can we quan­tify ex­actly how much ev­i­dence, and what our pri­ors for each should be. It would end not with a de­ci­sive vic­tory of one or the other, but with a prob­a­bil­ity dis­tri­bu­tion, maybe 80% chance it was Khafre, 20% chance it was Khufu)

I think this is a to­tally le­gi­t­i­mate thing for Egyp­tol­o­gists to do, even if it never re­sults in a par­tic­u­lar testable claim that gets tested. If you don’t think it’s a le­gi­t­i­mate thing for Egyp­tol­o­gists to do, I have trou­ble figur­ing out how you can jus­tify Egyp­tol­o­gists re­ject­ing the At­lantis the­ory.

(Again, Bayesi­ans would start with a very low prior for At­lantis, and as­sess the ev­i­dence as very low, and end up with a prob­a­bil­ity dis­tri­bu­tion some­thing like Khafre 80%, Khufu 19.999999%, At­lantis 0.000001%)

IV.

How does this re­late to things like mul­ti­verse the­ory? Be­fore we get there, one more hokey ex­am­ple:

Sup­pose sci­en­tists mea­sure the mass of one par­ti­cle at 32.604 units, the mass of an­other re­lated par­ti­cle at 204.897 units, and the mass of a third re­lated par­ti­cle at 4452.767 units. For a while, this is just how things are – it seems to be an ir­re­ducible brute fact about the uni­verse. Then some the­o­rist no­tices that if you set the mass of the first par­ti­cle as x, then the sec­ond is 2πx and the third is 43 πx^2. They the­o­rize that per­haps the quan­tum field forms some sort of ex­tradi­men­sional sphere, the first par­ti­cle rep­re­sents a di­ame­ter of a great cir­cle of the sphere, the sec­ond the cir­cum­fer­ence of the great cir­cle, and the third the vol­ume of the sphere.

(please ex­cuse the stu­pidity of my ex­am­ple, I don’t know enough about physics to come up with some­thing that isn’t stupid, but I hope it will illus­trate my point)

In fact, imag­ine that there are a hun­dred differ­ent par­ti­cles, all with differ­ent masses, and all one hun­dred have masses that perfectly cor­re­spond to var­i­ous math­e­mat­i­cal prop­er­ties of spheres.

Is the per­son who made this dis­cov­ery do­ing Science? And should we con­sider their the­ory a use­ful con­tri­bu­tion to physics?

I think the an­swer is clearly yes. But con­sider what this com­mits us to. Sup­pose the sci­en­tist came up with their Ex­tradi­men­sional Sphere hy­poth­e­sis af­ter learn­ing the masses of the rele­vant par­ti­cles, and so it has not pre­dicted any­thing. Sup­pose the ex­tradi­men­sional sphere is out­side nor­mal space, curled up into some di­men­sion we can’t pos­si­bly ac­cess or test with­out a par­ti­cle ac­cel­er­a­tor the size of the moon. Sup­pose there are no undis­cov­ered par­ti­cles in this set that can be tested to see if they also re­flect sphere-re­lated pa­ram­e­ters. This the­ory is ex­actly the kind of postem­piri­cal, meta­phys­i­cal con­struct that the Aeon ar­ti­cle sav­ages.

But it’s re­ally com­pel­ling. We have a hun­dred differ­ent par­ti­cles, and this the­ory retro­d­icts the prop­er­ties of each of them perfectly. And it’s so sim­ple – just say the word “sphere” and the rest falls out nat­u­rally! You would have to be crazy not to think it was at least pretty plau­si­ble, or that the sci­en­tist who de­vel­oped it had done some good work.

Nor do I think it seems right to say “The dis­cov­ery that all of our un­ex­plained vari­ables perfectly match the pa­ram­e­ters of a sphere is good, but the hy­poth­e­sis that there re­ally is a sphere is out­side the bounds of Science.” That sounds too much like say­ing “It’s fine to say dinosaur bones have such-and-such char­ac­ter­is­tics, but we must never spec­u­late about what kind of pro­cess pro­duced them, or whether it in­volved ac­tual dinosaurs”.

V.

My un­der­stand­ing of the mul­ti­verse de­bate is that it works the same way. Scien­tists ob­serve the be­hav­ior of par­ti­cles, and find that a mul­ti­verse ex­plains that be­hav­ior more sim­ply and el­e­gantly than not-a-mul­ti­verse.

One (doubtless ex­ag­ger­ated) way I’ve heard mul­ti­verse pro­po­nents ex­plain their po­si­tion is like this: in cer­tain situ­a­tions the math de­clares two con­tra­dic­tory an­swers – in the clas­sic ex­am­ple, Schrod­inger’s cat will be both al­ive and dead. But when we open the box, we see only a dead cat or an al­ive cat, not both. Mul­ti­verse op­po­nents say “Some un­known force steps in at the last sec­ond and de­stroys one of the pos­si­bil­ity branches”. Mul­ti­verse pro­po­nents say “No it doesn’t, both pos­si­bil­ity branches hap­pen ex­actly the way the math says, and we end up in one of them.”

Tak­ing this ex­ag­ger­ated dumbed-down ac­count as ex­actly right, this sounds about as hard as the dinosaurs-vs-Satan ex­am­ple, in terms of figur­ing out which is more Oc­cam’s Ra­zor com­pli­ant. I’m sure the re­al­ity is more nu­anced, but I think it can be judged by the same pro­cess. Per­haps this is the kind of rea­son­ing that only gets us to a 90% prob­a­bil­ity there is a mul­ti­verse, rather than a 99.999999% one. But I think de­ter­min­ing that the­o­ries have 90% prob­a­bil­ity is a rea­son­able sci­en­tific thing to do.

VI.

At times, the Aeon ar­ti­cle seems to flirt with ad­mit­ting that some­thing like this is nec­es­sary:

Such prob­lems were judged by philoso­phers of sci­ence to be in­sur­mountable, and Pop­per’s falsifi­a­bil­ity crite­rion was aban­doned (though, cu­ri­ously, it still lives on in the minds of many prac­tis­ing sci­en­tists). But rather than seek an al­ter­na­tive, in 1983 the philoso­pher Larry Lau­dan de­clared that the de­mar­ca­tion prob­lem is ac­tu­ally in­tractable, and must there­fore be a pseudo-prob­lem. He ar­gued that the real dis­tinc­tion is be­tween knowl­edge that is re­li­able or un­re­li­able, ir­re­spec­tive of its prove­nance, and claimed that terms such as ‘pseu­do­science’ and ‘un­scien­tific’ have no real mean­ing.

But it always jumps back from the precipice:

So, if we can’t make use of falsifi­a­bil­ity, what do we use in­stead? I don’t think we have any real al­ter­na­tive but to adopt what I might call the em­piri­cal crite­rion. De­mar­ca­tion is not some kind of bi­nary yes-or-no, right-or-wrong, black-or-white judg­ment. We have to ad­mit shades of grey. Pop­per him­self was ready to ac­cept this, [say­ing]:

“The crite­rion of de­mar­ca­tion can­not be an ab­solutely sharp one but will it­self have de­grees. There will be well-testable the­o­ries, hardly testable the­o­ries, and non-testable the­o­ries. Those which are non-testable are of no in­ter­est to em­piri­cal sci­en­tists. They may be de­scribed as meta­phys­i­cal.”

Here, ‘testa­bil­ity’ im­plies only that a the­ory ei­ther makes con­tact, or holds some promise of mak­ing con­tact, with em­piri­cal ev­i­dence. It makes no pre­sump­tions about what we might do in light of the ev­i­dence. If the ev­i­dence ver­ifies the the­ory, that’s great – we cel­e­brate and start look­ing for an­other test. If the ev­i­dence fails to sup­port the the­ory, then we might pon­der for a while or tin­ker with the aux­iliary as­sump­tions. Either way, there’s a ten­sion be­tween the meta­phys­i­cal con­tent of the the­ory and the em­piri­cal data – a ten­sion be­tween the ideas and the facts – which pre­vents the meta­physics from get­ting com­pletely out of hand. In this way, the meta­physics is tamed or ‘nat­u­ral­ised’, and we have some­thing to work with. This is sci­ence.

But as we’ve seen, many things we re­ally want to in­clude as sci­ence are not testable: our cre­dence for real dinosaurs over Satan plant­ing fos­sils, our cre­dence for Khafre build­ing the Sphinx over Khufu or At­lanteans, or el­e­gant pat­terns that ex­plain the fea­tures of the uni­verse like the Ex­tradi­men­sional-Sphere The­ory.

The Aeon ar­ti­cle is aware of Car­roll’s work – which, along with the para­graph quoted in Sec­tion II above, in­cludes a lot of de­tailed Bayesian rea­son­ing en­com­pass­ing ev­ery­thing I’ve dis­cussed. But the ar­ti­cle dis­misses it in a few sen­tences:

Sean Car­roll, a vo­cal ad­vo­cate for the Many-Wor­lds in­ter­pre­ta­tion, prefers ab­duc­tion, or what he calls ‘in­fer­ence to the best ex­pla­na­tion’, which leaves us with the­o­ries that are merely ‘par­si­mo­nious’, a mat­ter of judg­ment, and ‘still might rea­son­ably be true’. But whose judg­ment? In the ab­sence of facts, what con­sti­tutes ‘the best ex­pla­na­tion’?

Car­roll seeks to dress his no­tion of in­fer­ence in the cloth of re­spectabil­ity pro­vided by some­thing called Bayesian prob­a­bil­ity the­ory, hap­pily over­look­ing its en­tirely sub­jec­tive na­ture. It’s a short step from here to the the­o­rist-turned-philoso­pher Richard Dawid’s efforts to jus­tify the string the­ory pro­gramme in terms of ‘the­o­ret­i­cally con­firmed the­ory’ and ‘non-em­piri­cal the­ory as­sess­ment’. The ‘best ex­pla­na­tion’ is then based on a choice be­tween purely meta­phys­i­cal con­structs, with­out refer­ence to em­piri­cal ev­i­dence, based on the ap­pli­ca­tion of a prob­a­bil­ity the­ory that can be read­ily en­g­ineered to suit per­sonal prej­u­dices.

“A choice be­tween purely meta­phys­i­cal con­structs, with­out refer­ence to em­piri­cal ev­i­dence” sounds pretty bad, un­til you re­al­ize he’s talk­ing about the same rea­son­ing we use to de­ter­mine that real dinosaurs are more likely than Satan plant­ing fos­sils.

I don’t want to go over the ex­act ways in which Bayesian meth­ods are sub­jec­tive (which I think are over­es­ti­mated) vs. ob­jec­tive. I think it’s more fruit­ful to point out that your brain is already us­ing Bayesian meth­ods to in­ter­pret the pho­tons strik­ing your eyes into this sen­tence, to make snap de­ci­sions about what sense the words are used in, and to in­te­grate them into your model of the world. If Bayesian meth­ods are good enough to give you ev­ery sin­gle piece of ev­i­dence about the na­ture of the ex­ter­nal world that you have ever en­coun­tered in your en­tire life, I say they’re good enough for sci­ence.

Or if you don’t like that, you can use the ex­pla­na­tion above, which barely uses the word “Bayes” at all and just de­scribes ev­ery­thing in terms like “Oc­cam’s Ra­zor” and “you wouldn’t want to con­clude some­thing like that, would you?”

I know there are sep­a­rate de­bates about whether this kind of rea­son­ing-from-sim­plic­ity is ac­tu­ally good enough, when used by or­di­nary peo­ple, to con­sis­tently ar­rive at truth. Or whether it’s a pro­duc­tive way to con­duct sci­ence that will give us good new the­o­ries, or a waste of ev­ery­body’s time. I sym­pa­thize with some these con­cerns, though I am nowhere near sci­en­tifi­cally ed­u­cated enough to have an ac­tual opinion on the ques­tions at play.

But I think it’s im­por­tant to ar­gue that even be­fore you de­scribe the ad­van­tages and dis­ad­van­tages of the com­pli­cated Bayesian math that lets you do this, some­thing like this has to be done. The untestable is a fun­da­men­tal part of sci­ence, im­pos­si­ble to re­move. We can de­bate how to ex­plain it. But deny­ing it isn’t an op­tion.


          

Devient On Universel Shakespeare Mozart Luther King De Vinci Descartes Einstein Tome 2 Jean Marie Beyssade Francoise Balibar Serge Bramly Brigitte

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Devient On Universel Shakespeare Mozart Luther King De Vinci Descartes Einstein Tome 2 Jean Marie Beyssade Francoise Balibar Serge Bramly Brigitte
          

Marvels: Eye of the Camera

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Marvels: Eye of the Camera
author: Kurt Busiek
name: Sesana
average rating: 3.64
book published: 2010
rating: 3
read at:
date added: 2019/11/03
shelves: comics, superhumans
review:
Marvels is brilliant. This is a decent book, but it simply doesn't live up to its predecessor. I'm not sure I can put my finger on why, exactly, that is. Maybe it's because the subject matter just isn't as awe-inspiring. Instead of the birth of the cornerstones of the Marvel universe, this is the nitty gritty, what makes it run decade in and decade out: the distrust of normal people. And while that was a major plot point in the original, there were other things going on there. This is basically all about that. Which makes it pretty repetitive. Superhero does something great, has one second of praise, is almost immediately framed or smeared, is cleared, lather, rinse, repeat. And while that is, the ebb and flow of the Marvel universe, especially anything related to mutants, seeing it reduced like this is just depressing. But if you've been wondering about the fate of Maggie, and I think we almost all have, it's a relief to get to finally know the rest of her story.

          

Satisfied?

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​Bob Marley said that and he was absolutely right! Take a moment right now, sit quietly, take a few deep breaths and then ask yourself if you are satisfied with the life you are presently living. The first answer that comes to you is your intuition talking and is always right. For most of us, the answer will be "No." And that's OK because we are all born with an innate desire to grow and evolve. We feel this because we are part of the Universe, a piece of God, if you will. But if you are f [...]
          

Executive (Treasury)

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Location: Mumbai - Maharashtra Industry: Automobile / Auto Ancillary / Auto Components Job Role: Treasury Executive Annual Salary: Negotiable Experience Required:1-6 Years send CV: deepika@universejobs.com Job Description: https://bit.ly/2CcMZwI
          

Shadow Brokers data dump tipped researchers off to a mysterious APT dubbed DarkUniverse

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Clues about a hacking group that carried out attacks against targets in countries including Syria, Iran and Russia were included in files leaked by a mysterious group known as the Shadow Brokers, according to new findings. Researchers from the security vendor Kaspersky published a report Tuesday detailing an advanced persistent threat (APT) group the company has dubbed DarkUniverse. Documents published in 2017 by the Shadow Brokers — an elusive group that publicly disseminated NSA hacking tools — included a script that checked for other hacking groups lurking in a compromised system. DarkUniverse was among the groups the script could check for. The DarkUniverse group hit victims in Afghanistan, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Belarus and the United Arab Emirates, along with more common targets like Russia, Iran and Syria. All told, the APT group breached “around” 20 victims ranging from military agencies to private sector organizations like telecommunication firms, and medical institutions. “We believe […]

The post Shadow Brokers data dump tipped researchers off to a mysterious APT dubbed DarkUniverse appeared first on CyberScoop.


          

Author Artemis Crow on creating an alternate universe for her Zodiac Assassins series

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Author Artemis Crow on creating an alternate universe for her Zodiac Assassins series
I was lucky to have a conversation with up and coming author Artemis Crow last weekend at the Red Arrow Diner. Upon meeting, she stated she is a “virgin” to the diner; chuckling at the fact of having to use that word (don’t worry — she was given a "first-time customer" sticker before she left). READ MORE

          

De L Identite Nationale La Roumanie Aux Expositions Universelles Et Internationales De Paris 1867 1937 Vlad

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De L Identite Nationale La Roumanie Aux Expositions Universelles Et Internationales De Paris 1867 1937 Vlad
          

Greg_Notill-Acid_Universe-(RBL_292)-WEB-2019-BB8

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Artist : Greg Notill Album : Acid Universe Genre : Techno Label : Reload Black Label Catalog : RBL_292 Year : 2019 Quality : 320kbps / 44.1kHz Codec : MP3 (MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) Encoder : LAME Tracks : 4 Size : 77M Date : 2019-11…
          

Jessa Rhodes's fine MILFtastic booty fucked before facial

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Jessa Rhodes, the hottest blonde MILF in universe, looks outstanding in white stockings with garters. Stud eats curvaceous babe's round booty before she tops his dong with her backdoor in a reverse cowgirl pose. Busty blonde vixen gets assfucked doggystyle and missionary, then receives cumshots on face.

          

OBSCURA - Sign To Nuclear Blast + Announce 2020 EU Headline Tour W/ GOD DETHRONED, THULCANDRA & FRACTAL UNIVERSE!

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Today, Nuclear Blast is pleased to announce the signing of Germany's finest progressive death metal band, OBSCURA. Founded in 2002, the group have established their reputation by releasing 5 studio albums which have been highly acclaimed by fans and press alike, accompanied by playing support tours (w/ SEPULTURA, CHILDREN OF BODOM, CANNIBAL CORPSE among others) as well as their own headline shows all around the globe.Band founder Steffen Kummerer states,&n [...]
          

Game jockey as an intermediary between DJ practice and video games

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Abstract:  The game jockey is a new practice between DJing and video gaming. This study underlines the difficulty to hybridize these two creative cultures. Game jockey implies a person, who will mix games during a live performance, by adapting to the players’ feelings. We will present key concepts of the DJ practice and the similarities to the game universe. Based […]
          

Un premier album live pour Stone Sour

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Un premier album live pour Stone Sour

« C’est avec grand plaisir que j’annonce le tout premier album officiel de Stone Sour », a déclaré le guitariste, Josh Rand, lors du dévoilement. « C’est le spectacle de Reno dans son intégralité, exactement comme ça s’est déroulé le 5 octobre 2018. »

Le projet comprend 16 des titres les plus appréciés du groupe, dont « Absolute Zero », « Through Glass » et « Song # 3 », enregistrés en direct le 5 octobre 2018 dans la ville de Reno, aux États-Unis. L'album sera disponible sur CD, en format numérique et en double vinyle, limité à 2 500 exemplaires et comprenant également une affiche, une passe des coulisses, un pick de guitare, une setlist autographiée et une carte de téléchargement.

Josh Rand poursuit : « Nous sommes extrêmement fiers que ce soit 100% en direct, avec absolument pas d'overdubs! Ce n'est pas parfait, mais nous non plus. En tant que collectionneur moi-même, je voulais que cette édition limitée soit très spéciale. Le vinyle est pressé sur 180 grammes, ce qui vous donne la meilleure qualité audio possible, et est limité à 2500 exemplaires dans le monde. J'espère que vous l'apprécierez autant que nous l'avons joué. »

Liste des titres :

  1. YSIF
  2. Taipei Person / Allah Tea
  3. Do Me A Favor
  4. Knievel Has Landed
  5. Whiplash Pants
  6. Absolute Zero
  7. Bother
  8. Tired
  9. Rose Red Violent Blue
  10. 30/30-150
  11. Get Inside
  12. Reborn
  13. Song #3
  14. Through Glass
  15. Made Of Scars
  16. Fabuless

Plus tôt cette année, le bassiste de Stone Sour, Johny Chow, a confirmé à la station de radio WRIF 101.1 FM du Michigan, dans l’émission Meltdown of Detroit, que le groupe avait entamé le processus de composition pour la suite de l'album « Hydrograd » (2017).

Le chanteur, Corey Taylor, a précisé au magazine australien Heavy en 2018 que ses compagnons de groupe avaient commencé à écrire de la nouvelle musique « pratiquement dès que nous avons pris la route » pour soutenir la parution d’Hydrograd. « Nous ne pouvons tout simplement pas nous arrêter; nous sommes juste des gourmands en punition à ce stade », a-t-il confié. « Mais ce qui est cool, c'est que savoir que nous disposons de tout ce matériel fantastique nous permet de profiter du reste autant que possible car nous savons que lorsqu’il sera temps de vraiment commencer à faire fonctionner la machine de démos, nous aurons toutes ces choses intéressantes à écouter. Il n'y a pas de pression pour que nous fassions notre chemin. »

  • Stone Sour
  • Hello, You Bastards: Live In Reno
  • album live
  • Corey Taylor
  • 2019

              

    Tous les anciens membres de KISS invités à participer à la grande finale

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    Tous les anciens membres de KISS invités à participer à la grande finale

    Dans les mois qui ont suivi l'annonce de la tournée de KISS, des fans étaient préoccupés à savoir si les membres d'origine, soit Ace Frehley (guitare) et Peter Criss (batterie), participeraient à la tournée, en particulier compte tenu de la complicité entre Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons et le guitariste.

    Selon McGhee, Ace Frehley et Peter Criss ont tous deux « été invités » à participer d'une manière ou d'une autre. « C’est « assez difficile », reconnait-il. « Quand les gens disent: "Oh, tu devrais amener Ace et Peter." Comment faire quand tu as deux Catmen et deux Spacemen? Alors tu dis: "Ok. Vous ne portez pas de maquillage et vous ne vous maquillez pas." Et puis ils [Ace et Peter] disent: "Eh bien, c'était mon maquillage." Je ne sais pas. C'est donc très difficile à faire, mais nous allons trouver une solution car ils font vraiment partie de l'héritage de KISS. Et ils sont reconnus par Gene et Paul, ainsi que par tout le monde dans la salle, comme membres fondateurs… c'est important pour vous les gars [et] c'est important pour nous. C'est juste une question d'équilibre et nous pouvons l'amener là où cela fonctionne pour tout le monde et pour que tout le monde passe un bon moment. »

    L'année dernière, le guitariste a confié à VintageRock.com que « la seule façon » qu'il envisageait sérieusement « de prendre part à » End Of The Road était si « je reprenais mon maquillage et mon costume et mon personnage - que j'avais dessiné ». Il a ajouté que le guitariste actuel de KISS, Tommy Thayer « n’est pas un mauvais guitariste, mais qu’il imite en fait tout ce que j’ai écrit, et tente d’imiter mon personnage. Il le fait depuis 15 ans », a-t-il dit. « Mais la réalité est que je suis le gars d'origine. Et personne ne peut vraiment copier la façon dont je joue de la guitare. »

    Quand on lui a demandé s’il prévoyait toujours de participer à la tournée si Peter Criss n’était pas impliqué, Ace a répondu: « Je pense que ce serait formidable si Peter était impliqué. De toute évidence, à ce stade de sa vie, il ne pourrait pas faire un concert de deux heures. Mais je peux voir si nous pouvons réussir à créer une situation dans laquelle Peter sort à la fin et a fait trois ou quatre chansons - dont « Beth », « Black Diamond » et quelques autres, je pense que ce serait amusant. »

    La tournée « End Of The Road » a débuté le 31 janvier dernier à Vancouver et reprendra le 16 novembre à Perth, en Australie. La gamme actuelle de KISS comprend les membres originaux

    • KISS
    • dernière tournée
    • dernier show
    • 2021

                

      W.A.S.P. soulignera ses quatre premiers albums dans sa prochaine tournée

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      W.A.S.P. soulignera ses quatre premiers albums dans sa prochaine tournée

      La description de la tournée par le groupe va comme suit : « Le premier album éponyme, intitulé « Winged Assassins » dans certains pays, contient des chansons de cet album désormais classique, « I Wanna Be Somebody » et « L.O.V.E. Machine », le deuxième album, « The Last Command », avec « Inside The Electric Circus », sur le chef-d'œuvre emblématique « The Headless Children ». Ces succès des quatre premiers albums n’ont jamais été joués ensemble live, ils seront donc dans le concert le plus spéciale, et NE SERONT PLUS JAMAIS RÉPÉTÉS!! Alors rejoignez-nous, alors que nous vous ramènerons… là où tout a commencé. »

      Seules les dates de la partie Européenne de la tournée ont été dévoilées à ce jour.

      • WASP
      • tournée
      • 2020

                  

        Iron Maiden célèbre la vente de 25 millions de pintes de bières avec une caisse spéciale

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        Iron Maiden célèbre la vente de 25 millions de pintes de bières avec une caisse spéciale

        « Y a-t-il un meilleur moyen de célébrer 25 millions de pintes de Trooper vendues que de lancer toutes nos bières dans une collection pour la toute première fois? », a mentionné le directeur de la marque Trooper, Sam Kennerley. « On nous demande tous les jours quand nous allons rééditer certaines bières, c’est donc une occasion pour les fans de mettre la main sur chaque bière de notre collection à ce jour. »

        Depuis son lancement en 2013, la bière ABV Premium à 4,7% s'est fermement établie comme une marque de bière appartenant au Top 40 au Royaume-Uni, tout en devenant un acteur de premier plan parmi les bières britanniques exportées, ayant été vendue dans plus de 50 pays.

        Outre la gamme de base de bières Trooper (Trooper, Sun And Steel et Light Brigade), la collection comprendra trois bières à édition limitée: Trooper 666, lancée pour la première fois en 2015 (6,6%); Red 'N' Black, une bière de style « porter » lancée en 2016, et Hallowed, une bière hybride d'inspiration belge lancée en 2017. Afin de donner la possibilité aux fans d’avoir deux bières de chaque sorte, le coffret contiendra une douzaine de bouteilles.

        La boîte de collecte offrira également aux fans l’occasion de mettre la main sur certaines des bouteilles populaires en édition limitée de Trooper, qui ont été lancées plus tôt cette année.

        • Robinsons Brewery
        • Iron Maiden
        • bière

                    

          Mercyful Fate : Le bassiste Timi Hansen est décédé

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          Mercyful Fate : Le bassiste Timi Hansen est décédé
          • mercyful fate
          • Timi Hansen
          • rip
          • King Diamond
          • décès

                      

            Mayhem et Abbath de passage à Montréal en 2020!

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            Mayhem et Abbath de passage à Montréal en 2020!

            Le 7 avril prochain la tournée sera de passage à Montréal! Plus de détails à venir!

            • Mayhem
            • Abbath
            • montréal
            • tour
            • 2020

                        

              Bruce Dickinson : Il quitte sa femme pour une fan d'Iron Maiden

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              Bruce Dickinson : Il quitte sa femme pour une fan d'Iron Maiden

              La légende du heavy metal, âgé de 61 ans, s’est séparé de sa femme Paddy, mère de ses trois enfants, qui partageait sa vie depuis 29 ans. Il a ensuite déménagé chez sa nouvelle copine, la spécialiste du fitness Leana Dolci, à Paris. Elle est plus jeune de 15 ans.

              Une source du magazine Mirror rapporte : « Leana a toujours été une grande fan d'Iron Maiden, les suivant de près depuis environ 10 ans. Bruce et elle ont commencé à se rapprocher au cours de la dernière année. »

              Les mariés n’ont aucun plan établi pour un cas de divorce, mais s’ils décident d’aller en procédures judiciaires, le chanteur devra verser le montant cité plus haut.

              Parmi la grande discographie, le fructueux groupe a produit quatre albums qui ont fait le top des palmarès, vendant plus de 100 millions de copies.

              • Bruce Dickinson
              • divorce
              • 2019

                          

                Rage Against The Machine : Enfin une réunion pour 2020!

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                Rage Against The Machine : Enfin une réunion pour 2020!

                Le groupe vient d'annoncer des spectacles pour 2020 avec les membres originaux! Reste maintenant à voir si evenko ou l'équipe du FEQ va flairer la bonne affaire et inviter la formation en 2020 pour un de ses festivals.

                Voici les dates confirmées pour 2020:

                Mar. 26 - El Paso, TX
                Mar. 28 - Las Cruces, NM⠀⠀⠀
                Mar. 30 - Phoenix, AZ⠀
                Apr. 10 - Indio, CA (Coachella)⠀⠀⠀⠀
                Apr. 17 - Indio, CA (Coachella)

                 

                • Rage Against The Machine
                • 2020
                • reunion
                • RATM

                            

                  Mobilité verte : Le Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort profite des bienfaits de Power Zone

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                  Le Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort profite des bienfaits de Power Zone, la première borne de recharge universelle ultra-rapide et écologique proposée par la SMEG. Situé en plein cœur de Monaco, le Monte Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort s’est récemment équipé de Power Zone : la borne de recharge multi-standard pour véhicules électriques proposée par la Société Monégasque de l’Electricité et du Gaz (SMEG).
                            

                  Re: Just putting this into the Universe

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                  Haha good one.  Is this an After Dark game?  Tate will be Tate 1.0 and rush for 140 with 3 TDs.
                            

                  An evening classy and elegant

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                   “Full many a gem of purest ray serene

                  The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear:

                  Full many a flower is born to blush unseen

                  And waste its sweetness on the desert air” – Thomas Gray

                  The metaphor perfectly fits Dr Subashini Pathmanathan, who has substantially contributed to the society as a teacher of Bharatha Natyam (Vazhuvoor Style), artiste, researcher, journalist, author of around 18 books to her credit, and a passionate exponent of Bharatha Natyam in its pristine form. I happened to witness her Lecture Demonstration at the Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre on Friday, October 11.

                  The aura created by her dedicated and graceful performance with poise to the enchanting melodies played in the background, whisked the audience to Kailash in an instance. The lecture she gave showed the commitment and the wide knowledge Dr Subashini Pathmanathan has towards Bharatha Natyam.

                  The session started with a Viruththam by Saint Thirunaavukkarasar - Appan Nii, Ammai Nii. The saint declares to Shiva that everyone and everything found on earth is Him – as he sees Shiva in all. The meaning was brought out by Subashini with splendid facial expressions and flexible postures attributed to the theme.

                  Next was a Patham, Atputha Sitpi, sung on the cosmic dancer - Chidambaram Nadaraj, by Thandaayuthapaani Pillai, to a lovely melody of Ragamalika (a medley of ragas), set to Aathi Thaalam (rhythm).

                  Seeing Shiva as a lover, the devotee sings that nowhere on earth has he come across such a magnificent and meaningful sculpture depicting various aspects of the cosmic dancer. The udukku (damarukam) represents the vibrations from which the sound creates many universes with different manifestations. Agni (fire) denotes samharam (destruction) of the material bonds, leading to dissolution and liberation from the cycles of birth. The abayak karam (right palm) signifies protection; the thookkiya thiruvadi (raised foot) symbolises salvation; and oondriya thiruvadi (the other foot) on muyalakan (ego) is firmly pressed down, to suppress the ego created by maya (illusion).Subashini splendidly brought out the meaning of the composition through vivid expressions, in which the devotee begs for deliverance.

                  Moving on, an 18th-century composition, Theruvil Vaaraano in the Ragam Kamas set to Roopaka Thaalam by Sri Muththu Thandavar was chosen. The lyrics articulate how the devotee pleads with God to appear at least on the road and pave the way for salvation. Subashini did justice to the stanzas through her graceful steps and captivating expressions.

                  The last dance for the presentation was a Varnam on Lord Murugan by Paabanaasam Sivan in Sri Ranjani Raga set to Aathi Thaalam. This composition encompasses all three aspects of Bharatha Natyam: Niruththam (rhythm, vibrancy and the beauty of dance); Nirthiam (expressions for interpretation of meanings); and Natyam (story oriented). The devotee appeals to Parvathi to send her son Murugan, either as a lover or as a kid and relieve him from the earthly compulsions.

                  In the closing session, she earnestly pleaded with those engaged in learning and imparting this divine art, to do so in its purest pristine form.

                  I thank all involved in having such an educative programme. It was an entrancing solo lecture and rendering by Dr Pathmanathan. A performance which should have had a packed auditorium sadly did not have. Like a precious stone unmined at the bottom of the ocean or a beautiful flower blooming in the deep woods, her heroic work may not be seen or known, if her work does not reach us.

                  Thursday, November 7, 2019 - 01:00

                            

                  Sao Việt ngày 2/11: Nghẹn ngào gửi tiễn biệt con gái của đạo diễn Đỗ Đức Thành

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                  Nghẹn ngào gửi tiễn biệt con gái của đạo diễn Đỗ Đức Thành; Missosology khen ngợi Hoàng Thùy, fan Philippines dậy sóng: 'Việt Nam sẽ có Miss Universe đầu tiên'; Đông Nhi, Ông Cao Thắng lộ ảnh cưới như cổ tích ở trời Tây... là những tin chính trong ngày 2/11.
                            

                  QCD Baryogenesis. (arXiv:1911.01432v1 [hep-ph])

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                  QCD Baryogenesis. (arXiv:1911.01432v1 [hep-ph]) <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/hep-ph/1/au:+Croon_D/0/1/0/all/0/1">Djuna Croon</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/hep-ph/1/au:+Howard_J/0/1/0/all/0/1">Jessica N. Howard</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/hep-ph/1/au:+Ipek_S/0/1/0/all/0/1">Seyda Ipek</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/hep-ph/1/au:+Tait_T/0/1/0/all/0/1">Timothy M.P. Tait</a> We explore a simple model which naturally explains the observed baryon asymmetry of the Universe. In this model the strong coupling is promoted to a dynamical quantity, which evolves through the vacuum expectation value of a singlet […]
                            

                  Weekly Space Hangout: November 6, 2019 – Tiera & Myron Fletcher, Engineers on NASA’s Space Launch System

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                  Weekly Space Hangout: November 6, 2019 – Tiera & Myron Fletcher, Engineers on NASA’s Space Launch System Hosts: Fraser Cain (universetoday.com / @fcain) Nancy Atkinson ( @Nancy_A / @nancyatkinson_ut) Beth Johnson (@planetarypan) Veranika Klimovich ( @VeronikaSpace) This week we welcome Tiera and Myron Fletcher, Aerospace Engineers with Boeing working on NASA’s Space Launch System. Tiera […]
                            

                  New Research Suggests that the Universe is a Sphere and Not Flat After All

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                  New Research Suggests that the Universe is a Sphere and Not Flat After All The universe is a seemingly endless sea filled with stars, galaxies, and nebulae. In it, we see patterns and constellations that have inspired stories throughout history. But there is one cosmic pattern we still don’t understand. A question that remains unanswered: […]
                            

                  ORIGINES ET AVENIR DE L'HUMANITÉ

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                  Suite au succès du premier cycle de conférences "Origines et avenir de l'Humanité", l'Institut de Paléontologie Humain, Fondation Albert Ier, Prince de Monaco et le MURS (Mouvement Universel de la Responsabilité Scientifique) lancent un nouveau cycle pour l'année 2019. - 08. Actualités Page Accueil
                            

                  Francaise Des Foires Et Des Expositions Universelles Christian Philippe Chanut Philippe

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                  Francaise Des Foires Et Des Expositions Universelles Christian Philippe Chanut Philippe
                            

                  Für reklamiertes Gerät Gutschriftkürzung erhalten

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                  12.03.2018 wurde Seasonik Prime 80 Platinum (Preis 268,90 Euro) online bei computeruniverse.net gekauft und wurde nach Volgograd /Russland geliefert. 07.2019 ist das Teil kaputt gegangen, wurde reklamiert und zurück von mir nach Deutschland Versand...
                            

                  Couronne Des Esclaves Honor Harrington Universe Wages Of Sin T1 David Weber Eric

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                  Couronne Des Esclaves Honor Harrington Universe Wages Of Sin T1 David Weber Eric
                            

                  Ad.Astra.2019.720p.HDCAM-GETB8

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                  Ad Astra

                  Amazon - iMDB - NFO - Sample 1 , 2, 3 , 4 - Video Sample


                  Astronaut Roy McBride undertakes a mission across an unforgiving solar system to uncover the truth about his missing father and his doomed expedition that now, 30 years later, threatens the universe.

                  The post Ad.Astra.2019.720p.HDCAM-GETB8 appeared first on DDLValley.


                            

                  Men.in.Black.International.2019.HDCAM.x264.AC3-ETRG

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                  Men in Black: International

                  Amazon - iMDB - NFO - Sample 1 , 2, 3 , 4 - Video Sample


                  The Men in Black have always protected the Earth from the scum of the universe. In this new adventure, they tackle their biggest threat to date: a mole in the Men in Black organization.

                  The post Men.in.Black.International.2019.HDCAM.x264.AC3-ETRG appeared first on DDLValley.


                            

                  Avengers.Endgame.2019.NEW.720p.HDCAM-1XBET

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                  Avengers.Endgame.2019.HDCAM.x264.AC3-ETRG - Added.

                  Avengers: Endgame

                  Amazon - iMDB - NFO - Sample 1 , 2, 3 , 4 - Video Sample


                  After the devastating events of Avengers: Infinity War (2018), the universe is in ruins. With the help of remaining allies, the Avengers assemble once more in order to undo Thanos' actions and restore order to the universe.

                  The post Avengers.Endgame.2019.NEW.720p.HDCAM-1XBET appeared first on DDLValley.


                            

                  Apocryphe 1812 1832 L Histoire De La Conquete Du Monde Et De La Monarchie Universelle Louis Napoleon Geoffroy

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                  Apocryphe 1812 1832 L Histoire De La Conquete Du Monde Et De La Monarchie Universelle Louis Napoleon Geoffroy
                            

                  Inside the VST

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                  This seldom-seen perspective offers a true insider’s view of one of ESO’s world-leading telescopes: the VLT Survey Telescope, or VST.

                  The VST is installed at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in Chile. It is the largest telescope surveying the sky in light visible to humans and its cutting-edge design makes it a powerful tool for studying the Universe.  From this viewpoint the OmegaCAM instrument — a camera with a large field of view — can be seen front and centre, nestled inside its stabilising control structure.  

                  When night falls the telescope’s dome opens and the VST gets to work. The high altitude and arid conditions of the Atacama Desert provide the perfect conditions for astronomical observing, delivering cloud-free skies and very low light pollution for the vast majority of the year. This allows for truly spectacular views of the Milky Way overhead, complete with its array of striking colours, streaks of dark interstellar dust, and bright foreground stars — as seen here.


                            

                  Martin Scorsese Avenges the Auteur

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                  Richard Brody writes on the director Martin Scorsese’s criticisms of movies from the Marvel Cinematic Universe and of systems of film production that submerge the authority of directors.
                            

                  There Might Be a Hidden 'Crisis' in What We Know About the Universe

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                  Scientists think the universe is flat, but new observations suggest that we might actually be living in a gigantic sphere. Whoa.
                            

                  10 quotes that prove humanity is absurd

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                  • Absurdism is the philosophical school that recognizes the tension between meaning and a meaningless universe.
                  • Camus and Kierkegaard wrote extensively on the topic, though modern thinkers continue to contribute to the literature of the Absurd.
                  • In a politically divided time, the Absurd has come to the forefront of national discussion.

                  None


                  Like many Angelenos, last week I spent a fair amount of time on the LAFD's Twitter feed. As breaking information about regional wildfires was disseminated, I noticed a few comments pointing to some sort of conspiracy as the reason that so many fires were raging. Of course, numerous human-caused climate-oriented forces "conspire" in contribution to this growing problem, but that was not the implication.

                  Human beings are absurd creatures, a fact that the philosophical school of Absurdism addresses. The ideology represents the tension between our desire to apply meaning to a situation and living in a meaningless universe. The human brain, conspiracy theorist that it is, fills in gaps when explanations are lacking or simply invents them whole-cloth.

                  Two great Absurdist thinkers, Søren Kierkegaard and Albert Camus, devoted a lot of time contemplating the three responses to the tension that Absurdism spotlights, arriving at different conclusions as how to resolve it.

                  • Suicide. Exiting existence is the quickest way out, one that neither thinker advocated as effective.
                  • Belief in the transcendent. Kierkegaard felt that resolution might require an irrational leap — a recent article on science-seeking millennials believing in astrology is a more recent example of this mindset. Camus thought this method led to "philosophical suicide" and was to be avoided.
                  • Acceptance of Absurdism. Camus's advice was to create personal meaning within the meaningless, which Kierkegaard regarded as a form of madness.

                  These are not the only thinkers to consider the absurd. One can argue that we are living through especially absurd times in America, with two alternate realities simultaneously presented as fact. Navigating this treacherous terrain has never been easy, but it proved especially difficult in times of social turmoil. The following 10 quotes consider this topic in greater detail.

                  Why life is meaningless, according to absurdists | BBC Ideas


                  The ultimate modern absurdist, English author Douglas Adams, kicked off his classic Hitchhiker's series as a BBC radio show in 1978. While Adams left us too early at age 49 in 2001, the atheist and satirist knew how to drive into the heart of contradiction, as when he wrote in The Ultimate Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy,

                  "If there's any real truth, it's that the entire multidimensional infinity of the Universe is almost certainly being run by a bunch of maniacs."

                  Somali-born activist Ayaan Hirsi Ali has gotten into her share of trouble for pointing out the contradictions in religious belief systems — namely, Islam, which she was raised in. She beautifully expresses the absurdity of existence in this passage from Infidel:

                  "The only position that leaves me with no cognitive dissonance is atheism. It is not a creed. Death is certain, replacing both the siren-song of Paradise and the dread of Hell. Life on this earth, with all its mystery and beauty and pain, is then to be lived far more intensely: we stumble and get up, we are sad, confident, insecure, feel loneliness and joy and love. There is nothing more; but I want nothing more."

                  In Einstein's Monsters, British novelist and screenwriter Martin Amis takes our love of war to task by noting the absurdity of our nuclear predicament.

                  "What is the only provocation that could bring about the use of nuclear weapons? Nuclear weapons. What is the priority target for nuclear weapons? Nuclear weapons. What is the only established defense against nuclear weapons? Nuclear weapons. How do we prevent the use of nuclear weapons? By threatening to use nuclear weapons. And we can't get rid of nuclear weapons, because of nuclear weapons."

                  The medieval scholar, Caroline Walker Bynum, knows well the contradictions of past ages. In Fragmentation and Redemption she takes note of the emotional utility of a belief in resurrection.

                  "If there is meaning to the history we tell and the corruption (both moral and physical) we suffer, surely it is in (as well as in spite of) fragmentation. Bodily resurrection at the end of time is, in a technical sense, a comic — that is, a contrived and brave — happy ending."

                  The bible of Absurdist literature goes to the French philosopher, Albert Camus, who wrote one of the great philosophical texts of the 20th century with The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays.

                  "If I try to seize this self of which I feel sure, if I try to define and to summarize it, it is nothing but water slipping through my fingers. I can sketch one by one all the aspects it is able to assume, all those likewise that have been attributed to it, this upbringing, this origin, this ardor or these silences, this nobility or this vileness. But aspects cannot be added up. This very heart which is mine will forever remain indefinable to me. Between the certainty I have of my existence and the content I try to give to that assurance the gap will never be filled."

                  None


                  American professor and essayist Roxane Gay is one of today's most lauded feminists, for good reason: her criticism shines light where darkness has too long pervaded. In Bad Feminist, she notes that judgment in the face of contradiction is itself absurd and should not distract from the bigger message.

                  "No matter what issues I have with feminism, I am a feminist. I cannot and will not deny the importance and absolute necessity of feminism. Like most people, I'm full of contradictions, but I also don't want to be treated like shit for being a woman."

                  Italian anti-fascist poet and anarchist Renzo Novatore had quite a way with words. The early 20th-century writer reminds us in I Am Also a Nihilist that the playing field will always be tilted and that finding your place on that field is essential.

                  "Life — for me — is neither good nor bad, neither a theory nor an idea. Life is a reality, and the reality of life is war. For one who is a born warrior, life is a fountain of joy, for others it is only a fountain of humiliation and sorrow."

                  How can any list of contradictions and absurdity be complete without Belgian psychotherapist, Esther Perel? Mating in Captivity is necessary reading for anyone that wishes to be in any sort of relationship in the modern era. (Make sure to check out my 11 quotes from her as well.)

                  "Today, we turn to one person to provide what an entire village once did: a sense of grounding, meaning, and continuity. At the same time, we expect our committed relationships to be romantic as well as emotionally and sexually fulfilling. Is it any wonder that so many relationships crumble under the weight of it all?"

                  Few can put such a large sentiment in as few words as Jon Stewart.

                  "I have complete faith in the continued absurdity of whatever's going on."

                  I listed the quotes in alphabetical order by author name, yet it seems fitting to give the last word to the man that deserves it. Kurt Vonnegut is the king cynic and a brilliant writer that forces you to confront everything in existence. In Breakfast of Champions he sums up the Absurdity of our situation.

                  "As for myself: I had come to the conclusion that there was nothing sacred about myself or about any human being, that we were all machines, doomed to collide and collide and collide."

                  --

                  Stay in touch with Derek on Twitter and Facebook.


                            

                  Fallout 3, Mass Effect 3, and Skyrim devs create new studio together

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                  Developers behind Fallout 3, Mass Effect 3, and The Elder Scrolls 5: Skyrim have come together to create a new entertainment studio called Brass Lion Entertainment. The studio will create universes centered on underrepresented people, stories, and cultures.


                            

                  Cosmic 3D mapping machine opens 5,000 robotic eyes

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                  Tucson AZ (SPX) Oct 29, 2019
                  A new instrument mounted atop a telescope in Arizona aimed its robotic array of 5,000 fiber-optic "eyes" at the night sky to capture the first images of its unique view of galaxy light. It was the first test of the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, or DESI, which is designed to explore the mystery of dark energy that makes up about 68% of the universe and is speeding up its expansion.
                            

                  Yan Au Croisement Du Local Et De L Universel Actes Du Colloque International Paris Aix 2013 Actes Du Colloque International Paris Aix 2013 2014 Shuang

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                  Yan Au Croisement Du Local Et De L Universel Actes Du Colloque International Paris Aix 2013 Actes Du Colloque International Paris Aix 2013 2014 Shuang
                            

                  Bulletin du 25 octobre 2019

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                  Bulletin CFPSAA Infos 2019-09 – du 25 octobre 2019 Pour vous abonner à la lettre du CFPSAA, envoyez un message à cfpsaa-subscribe@yahoogroupes.fr Pour vous désabonner de cette lettre, envoyez un message à cfpsaa-unsubscribe@yahoogroupes.fr à partir de l'adresse inscrite. SOMMAIRE *ÉDITORIAL Le chantier sur la prestation de compensation du Handicap (PCH), les travaux de la Cour des comptes sur l'éventuelle réforme de l'AAH, la création d'un Revenu universel d'activité (RUA), autant de dossiers sur (...) - Bulletin de 2019
                            

                  Re: "Хьюстон, у нас проблемы!" О вопросах освоения космоса американцами...

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                  SpaceX испытала обновленные парашюты Dragon 2

                  SpaceX провела 13 последовательных успешных тестов обновленной парашютной системы корабля Dragon 2 (Crew Dragon). Сообщение об этом вместе с кадрами последнего испытания было опубликовано в твиттере компании.

                  В апреле этого года SpaceX провела тест, в ходе которого отрабатывался сценарий, при котором один из четырех парашютов капсулы экипажа Dragon 2 не раскрылся при спуске в атмосфере. Он завершился неудачей. После выброса массо-габаритного макета с самолета три оставшихся парашюта раскрылись не полностью. В результате он получил повреждения при ударе о землю. По времени эта неудача совпала с взрывом капсулы Dragon 2, случившемся при испытаниях двигателей системы аварийного спасения (САС) экипажа корабля.

                  В результате, инженерам SpaceX пришлось внести ряд изменений в конструкцию парашютной системы. Новый дизайн получил обозначение Mark 3. По утверждению инженеров, он на порядок надежнее предыдущей версии. В общей сложности, SpaceX провела 13 последовательных успешных тестов Mark 3. В ходе последнего теста был отработан сценарий не раскрытия одного из парашютов

                  https://universemagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/24301320609_60e23aed75_o.jpg
                  https://universemagazine.com/15018/


                            

                  Viganò dringt aan op herconsecratie Sint Pietersbasiliek

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                  Aartsbisschop Carlo Maria Viganò
                  Aartsbisschop Carlo Maria Viganò dringt aan op een nieuwe consecratie van de Sint-Pietersbasiliek in het licht van wat hij 'de afschuwelijke afgodische profanaties' noemt die binnen de muren van de basiliek zijn begaan door de verering van het beeld van de afgod Pachamama. In een nieuw interview op de Amazone Synode met LifeSiteNews heeft aartsbisschop Viganò gezegd: 'De gruwel van afgodische riten is het heiligdom van God binnengedrongen en heeft geleid tot een nieuwe vorm van afvalligheid waarvan de zaden, die al lang actief zijn, groeien met hernieuwde kracht en effectiviteit. ”

                  Hij vervolgt: “Het proces van de interne verandering van het geloof, dat al enkele decennia in de katholieke kerk plaatsvindt, heeft met deze Amazone synode een dramatische versnelling laten zien in de richting van de oprichting van een nieuw credo, samengevat in een nieuw soort aanbidding. In naam van inculturatie besmetten heidense elementen de goddelijke eredienst om deze te transformeren in een afgodische cultus." De geestelijkheid en de leken "kunnen niet onverschillig blijven voor de afgodische daden waarvan we getuige waren", benadrukt de aartsbisschop. "Het is dringend noodzakelijk dat we de betekenis van gebed, herstel en boete, van vasten, van "kleine offers, van de kleine bloemen en vooral van stille en langdurige aanbidding voor het Heilig Sacrament herontdekken. "

                  In dit interview (link) spreekt LifeSiteNews met aartsbisschop Viganò wat deze 'Pachamama-saga' heeft onthuld over de staat van de Kerk en hoe dit het logische gevolg is van andere 'afwijkende' verklaringen afgelegd onder het huidige pontificaat van Paus Franciscus. LifeSiteNews praat ook over het laatste document van de synode, dat hij een "frontale aanval op het goddelijke bouwwerk" van de Kerk noemt, en wat de Amazone Synode onthult over "synodaliteit" en wat de organisatoren ervan hebben bereikt.

                  Volgens aartsbisschop Viganò is het 'Amazone paradigma' gericht op het fundamenteel 'transformeren' van de katholieke kerk, is het in lijn met een 'globalistische' agenda en 'dient het als een catwalk om het overblijfsel van het katholieke bouwwerk over te brengen naar een onduidelijke universele religie. ”
                  'Voor ons katholieken wordt het landschap in de heilige Kerk met de dag donkerder', zegt hij. "Als dit satanische plan succesvol is, zullen katholieken die dit naleven in feite van religie veranderen, en de immense kudde van Onze Heer Jezus Christus zal worden teruggebracht tot een minderheid."

                  "Deze minderheid zal waarschijnlijk veel te lijden hebben ... maar met Hem zullen zij overwinnen," zegt hij, terwijl de aartsbisschop zijn opmerkingen afsluit met de provocerende en profetische woorden van de 14e-eeuwse mysticus en heilige, Brigitta van Zweden die spreekt over een Paus die het celibaat opheft en die door God gestraft zal worden. (Openbaringen, Boek VII, 10)

                  (Vertaling naar het Nederlands uit LifeSiteNews).

                            

                  Mythologique Universel Ou Biographie Mythique Des Dieux Et Personnages Fabuleux De La Grece De Litalie De Legypte De Linde De La Chine Du Japon De La Scandinavie De La Polynesie

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                  Mythologique Universel Ou Biographie Mythique Des Dieux Et Personnages Fabuleux De La Grece De Litalie De Legypte De Linde De La Chine Du Japon De La Scandinavie De La Polynesie
                            

                  A Milestone Payload for Ariane 5: The JWST is Prepared for Liftoff With Arianespace

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                  With multiple pre-flight milestones achieved in recent months, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) – which will succeed the Hubble Space Telescope – is on course for its historic launch by Arianespace on an Ariane 5. As the world’s premier space science observatory, the JWST will solve mysteries of the solar system, look for distant worlds, and probe the mysterious structures and origins of the universe. It is an international project led by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space
                            

                  A UFO-themed brothel is now providing remote services for its alien sex robots

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                  The Alien Cathouse near Las Vegas is the "final frontier of sexual adventure," a popular refuge for anyone seeking a little action in their own Area 51. From their website:

                  On an interstellar mission to bring erotic pleasure to the entire universe, the Cosmic Kittens from the planet Venus 69 set out on a fantastic voyage across deep space — but a freak mishap caused their starship to crash land on planet Earth just outside Nevada’s mysterious Area 51 Air Force facility. Now, stranded on a strange planet populated by so many repressed men and women fraught with a galaxy’s worth of lust, the Cosmic Kittens have vowed to use their extraterrestrial sexual prowess to help horny Earthlings satisfy their insatiable carnal desires.

                  In addition to escorts, fetish services, and plush alien dolls already offered at the Cathouse, they'll soon be offering a cutting-edge teledildonics program. According to the Daily Mail, the Cathouse is investing heavily in KIIROO's remote sex robot technology, so that customers can enjoy their services even in a galaxy far, far away. "Visitors" to the remote alien brothel would need to provide their own Interactive Vibrating Masturbator for Men or OhMiBod toy and presumably a stable wifi connection in order to get the full haptic experience.

                  The Cathouse’s Rod Thompson told Daily Star Online why they have added a robot to their line-up: "For clients that have certain … fetishes that courtesans might not be interested in, the robot could fulfill those."

                  Asked how the Cathouse’s flesh-and-blood denizens felt about working alongside an AI rival, Rod said they were all for it: "The Courtesans are actually excited about the additional revenue stream to Alien Cathouse, and themselves … as well as the additional opportunities that might present themselves for interested parties wanting to party with a real flesh and blood courtesan and with an AI sex robot at the same time."

                  It's only fitting that the most technologically advanced brothel in the country would be sci-fi themed. Read the rest


                            

                  "Bigfoot Watcher Chasing Chemtrails Records a UFO"

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                  At Mysterious Universe, Paul Seaburn writes:

                  In what can be considered an unusual convergence of conspiracy theories, a man who runs a Bigfoot videos YouTube channel was chasing chemtrails when he claimed to have recorded a UFO chasing them as well. If you’re playing Conspiracy Scrabble, ‘Chemtrail’, ‘Bigfoot’ and ‘UFO’ is a triple-word score.

                  According to his commentary during the video, Marc Abell –the CEO of Colorado Bigfoot, a provider of Bigfoot videos – was recording a plane making a contrail over a snow-covered terrain in Vail, Colorado, and believed the color and shape changes in the contrail were signs that the plane was actually spraying something rather than just trailing the usual water vapor and jet exhaust.

                  That's when Abell spotted the UFO.

                  Read the rest


                            

                  La FIDH recrute un-e Chargé-e de reporting, suivi et évaluation du Bureau Afrique à Paris

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                  Chargé-e de reporting, suivi et évaluation du Bureau Afrique (référence CR-AFRIQUE-11-19)
                  La FIDH (Fédération Internationale pour les Droits humains) est une ONG internationale de défense des droits humains. Depuis 1922, nous sommes engagés dans la défense de tous les droits civils, politiques, économiques, sociaux et culturels tels que définis dans la Déclaration universelle des droits de l'Homme.
                  Nous fédérons 192 associations nationales de défense des droits humains actives dans environ 115 pays. (...)

                  - Recrutement
                            

                  6 ноября 2019

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                  Absolute Carnage - Weapon Plus #1
                            

                  Réformes des retraites : Stanislas Guerini s'oppose à Jean-Paul Delevoye sur la "clause du grand-père"

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                  L'INTERVIEW POLITIQUE - Stanislas Guerini était l’invité politique d’Elizabeth Martichoux dans la matinale de LCI ce jeudi 7 novembre 2019. Le Délégué général de La République en marche est notamment revenu sur le refus de Jean-Paul Delevoye de réserver le nouveau régime universel de retraites aux seuls nouveaux entrants sur le marché du travail.
                            

                  New study suggests the universe may actually be a giant loop

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                  The universe may actually be curved, like a giant inflated balloon, a new study claims. A study published on Monday in the journal Nature Astronomy examines data from the cosmic microwave background (CMB), which is the faint echo of the “Big Bang,” to conclude that the universe is not flat. The findings, however, contradict years...
                            

                  Astronomy (quickstudy: Academic)

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                  A comprehensive guide to the known universe. Great reference for classes, including earth science and physical science as well as astronomy. Also great for those curious about the solar system and the universe beyond.
                            

                  ซัมซุงเตรียมเพิ่มกำลังการผลิตสมาร์ทโฟนจอพับในปีหน้าเพราะ Galaxy Fold ขายดี

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                  DJ Koh CEO ฝั่งมือถือของซัมซุงให้สัมภาษณ์กับนักข่าวว่า ทางบริษัทมีแผนเพิ่มกำลังการผลิตสมาร์ทโฟนจอพับได้ในปีหน้าเนื่องจากผู้บริโภคให้การตอบรับที่ดีกับ Galaxy Fold อย่างในไทยขายดีมากจนหมดภายในครึ่งวัน

                  นอกจากนี้ ซัมซุงยังกำหนดวางจำหน่าย Galaxy Fold ที่ประเทศจีนในวันที่ 8 พฤศจิกายน ก่อนคู่แข่งอย่าง Huawei Mate X ที่จะวางจำหน่ายในวันที่ 15 พฤศจิกายนนี้ ส่วนสมาร์ทโฟนจอพับได้รุ่นถัดไป ทางซัมซุงจะประกาศวันเปิดตัวอีกครั้งเมื่อเห็นว่าเหมาะสม

                  ภาพจาก Samsung

                  นอกจากนี้ทวิตเตอร์ของ Ice universe ที่มีข่าวหลุดสมาร์ทโฟนได้ค่อนข้างแม่นยำก็มีภาพผ้าใบ Samsung W20 5G สมาร์ทโฟนพับจอจากบนลงล่างปรากฏออกมา GSMArena คาดว่า Samsung W20 5G น่าจะเปิดตัวเร็ว ๆ นี้และอาจวางจำหน่ายทั่วโลกด้วย

                  ที่มา: THE INVESTOR


                            

                  Beach City Turbo Voleybol

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                  2019-11-04 <p>Beach City Turbo Voleybol oyunu oyna mücadelesinde sizi bekliyoruz. Steven Universe ve OK KO Lakewood Plaza karakterleri, web sitemizde en iyi sporcu olmak için yardımınıza ihtiyaç duyacaklar.Sizler için sevgili çocuklarınıza OK KO ve Steven Universe karakterleriyle Voleybol Sahası nda bütün gün devam edeceğiniz Çizgi Film Oyun
                            

                  Plaquettes Clignos Bonneville

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                  Plaquettes d'adaptation de clignotants pour Triumph Bonneville, pour monter des clignotants universels sur les pattes de phare d'origine. Vendus par paire (une de chaque coté).Voir application et détails ci-dessous.

                            

                  That Scorsese Op-Ed & Pouring One Out for Giant Days | Comic Book Podcast Issue #415

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                  NOW on SPOTIFY! The boys finally say good bye to John Allison’s GIANT DAYS. Things get teary. Also, that gang digs deep into those Scorsese comments regarding the Marvel Cinematic Universe and his subsequent NY Times Op-Ed. Also also, a solid listener questioner, Batman casting news, and the first issue of EXCALIBUR!!! Comics talked this week:  Invisible Woman #4, Fantastic Four: Grand Design #1, Batman Annual #4, Harleen #2, Gramercy Park, SFSX #2, Spider-Man: Life Story, Excalibur #1, Gideon Falls #11-17, Die #1-8, Afterlift #1, Black Canary: Ignite OGN, and Giant Days: As Time Goes By #1. The Comic Book Podcast is brought to you by Talking Comics (www.talkingcomicbooks.com) The podcast is hosted by Steve Seigh (JoBlo.com assistant EIC & news editor), Bob Reyer, Joey Braccino, Jessica Garris-Schaeffer, and Sarah Miles who weekly dissect everything comics-related, from breaking news to new releases. Our Twitter handle is @TalkingComics and you can email us at podcast@talkingcomicbooks.com.
                            

                  GDevCon - 4-5th September - Cambridge, UK

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                  Hi All,

                   

                  This is just quick reminder (following my last post) that GDevCon, the independent graphical programming (read: LabVIEW) conference is taking place in a few weeks in Cambridge (UK) on the 4-5th September. The event is organised by members of the LabVIEW community and features many high profile speakers and a jam-packed agenda covering a wide range of topics.

                   

                  Tickets are still available but we will be closing the ticket office soon so we can give final numbers to our venue etc. so we suggest you get your tickets ASAP to avoid disappointment.

                   

                  We recently posted our Agenda on our website - https://www.gdevcon.com/agenda

                   

                  If you can't make it this time, sign up to our mailing list (or follow us on the various social media accounts) to make sure you get notified about future events.

                   

                  Hope to see as many of you there as possible!

                  Sam (on behalf of the GDevCon team)


                            

                  What I Learned About the Transgender Politics Injected Into This Affluent County’s Schools

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                  I live in Fairfax County, Virginia, which has the 10th-largest public school district in the nation, but I never focused on our public schools. My kids go to Catholic schools, and that was the center of our universe. I never focused, that is, until I heard that the Fairfax County School Board voted to let boys into the girls’ bathrooms. The vote was 10-1. Was there only one sane person on the Fairfax County School Board? I had to find out. So I began attending school board meetings. And there I saw moms and dads begging the school board to...
                            

                  Seeking subversive fiction

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                  I really like fiction that takes established universes or tropes and plays with them or completely subverts them. What should I check out next?

                  I loved Lamb: The Gospel According to Biff, Christ's Childhood Pal and Ladies and Gentlemen, the Bible!. Both are simultaneously whimsical and heartfelt reevaluation of Bible stories. I really enjoyed both issues of Spencer & Locke - it didn't really bring anything new to Calvin & Hobbes or detective comics, but the callbacks to C&H plus the question "what if Calvin's childhood had been really shitty?" were entertaining. Same for The Last Ringbearer asking "what if the history of The Lord Of The Rings is propaganda?" and The Gray Havens asking "what if the good guys lost? Does it even matter?"

                  I'm having a hard time describing what about these I like, other than callbacks to known works are fun as is subverting established stories and tropes.

                            

                  Star Wars Makes The Expanded Universe Sith Homeworld's Name Canon - Screen Rant

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                  Star Wars Makes The Expanded Universe Sith Homeworld's Name Canon  Screen Rant
                            

                  Star Trek: Discovery: Gesellschaftsvisionen fur die Gegenwart [German]

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                  Die neue Star-Trek-Serie Discovery thematisiert die gegenwrtige Unsicherheit ber die Zukunft der westlichen Gesellschaften. Die Beitrge des Bandes zeigen, welche Mglichkeiten die Serie durchspielt. Spiegeluniversen, Zeitreisen, Klingonen und Terraner halten der Gegenwart einen Spiegel vor, in dem Utopien und Dystopien sichtbar werden. Der InhaltStar Trek und die neue Unbersichtlichkeit. Eine Einfhrung.- Amerikanische Befindlichkeiten in Star Trek: Discovery.- Star Trek als das einzig greifbare Beispiel einer gelingenden Zukunft? Zur semantischen Krise normativer Potentiale.- Star Trek und der Traum von der Allgegenwart. Technik und die Realisierung von Utopien.- Interstellare Gerechtigkeit. Star Treks Ideal einer speziespluralistischen Gesellschaft.- Zwischen Serenity undDiscovery: Female Warriors in Science Fiction. Zwischenrume von Klischee und Agency.- Star Trek: Discovery: Fremdsetzung, Serialitt und der Star Trek-Kanon Die ZielgruppenStudierende, Wissenschaftler*innen und Lehrende der Geistes-, Medien- und Sozialwissenschaften Die Herausgeber*innenProf. Dr. Katja Kanzler ist Inhaberin des Lehrstuhls fr amerikanische Literatur an der Universitt Leipzig.Prof. Dr. Christian Schwarke ist Inhaber des Lehrstuhls fr Systematische Theologie an der TU Dresden. Without You And Your Support We Cant Continue Thanks For Buying Premium From My Links For Support Read more...

                            

                  Munkey diaries

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                  « J'ai écrit mon journal à partir de 11 ans, adressé à Munkey, mon confident, ce singe en peluche, gagné dans une tombola. Il a dormi à mes côtés, il a partagé ma vie avec John, Serge, Jacques, il a été le témoin de toutes les joies et toutes les tristesses. Devant la dévastation de mes enfants, j'ai déposé Munkey dans les bras de Serge dans le cercueil où il reposait, tel un pharaon. Mon singe pour le protéger dans l'après-vie. En relisant mes journaux, il me semble flagrant qu'on ne change pas. Ce que je suis à 12 ans, je le suis encore aujourd'hui. J'ai pris comme principe de ne rien arranger, et croyez-moi, j'aurais préféré avoir des réactions plus sages que celles que j'ai eues... » On croyait tout connaître de Jane Birkin, tant elle fait partie de notre histoire depuis cinquante ans, jusqu'à ce livre qui nous fait vivre une époque flamboyante, du Swinging London au Saint-Germain-des-Prés des années 70, et donne à lire le quotidien d'une grande amoureuse, désopilante et fantasque, et d'une artiste exceptionnelle. Un journal à la fois intime et universel, sublimé par la lecture unique et touchante de Jane Birkin.

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                  Le patriarche Cyrille : Le papisme est dangereux parce qu’il est plus facile d’influencer une seule personne qu’un groupe entier

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                  Résultat de recherche d'images pour "patriarche cyrille de moscou"

                  Le 4 novembre 2019, après la célébration de la Divine liturgie à la cathédrale de la Dormition du Kremlin de Moscou, le patriarche Cyrille a adressé un discours aux personnes rassemblées pour les agapes. Sa Sainteté a évoqué les phénomènes de crise en cours dans l’Orthodoxie mondiale :

                  « Nous traversons aujourd’hui certaines difficultés, en premier lieu dans nos rapports avec Constantinople. Mais, à la différence de Constantinople, qui agit en violation des règles canoniques, intervenant dans le domaine d’une autre juridiction et accordant « l’autocéphalie » à ceux qui ne l’ont pas demandée, qui insiste sur des privilèges qu’il n’a jamais eu, notre Église n’aspire pas à prendre le pouvoir au niveau panorthodoxe. Nous voulons uniquement sauvegarder l’ordre canonique, et nous ne pouvons pas admettre qu’une espèce de papisme, de « quasi-papisme » s’introduise dans l’Orthodoxie.

                  Je vais dire quelque chose d’un peu inattendu, peut-être. Pourquoi le papisme est-il dangereux ? Certes, parce que le papisme ne trouve son origine ni dans la Parole de Dieu, ni dans la Tradition de l’Église. Mais je proposerai un autre argument, tout à fait différent : le papisme est dangereux parce qu’il est plus facile d’influencer une seule personne qu’un groupe entier. Le pape, comme le patriarche qui voudrait devenir pape, devient une cible pour les grands de ce monde, et les influences extérieures s’exerçant sur cette personne peuvent mener l’Église à sa perte.

                  Lorsque le système collégial de direction de l’Église s’est mis en place, les saints apôtres ont bien compris ce qu’ils faisaient. Il était impossible, dans le contexte de l’Empire romain, qu’une seule personne portât la responsabilité de l’Église entière, car elle aurait pu être arrêtée, on aurait pu l’inciter à collaborer, on aurait pu l’intimider. Cependant, ces risques disparaissent si l’Église est dirrigée de façon collégiale, conciliaire.

                  C’est pourquoi il faut défendre aujourd’hui la direction collégiale de l’Église universelle. Nous ne mettons pas en doute la primauté d’honneur du patriarche de Constantinople, mais nous ne sommes d’accord avec aucune espèce de prétention à l’autorité universelle. Le patriarche de Constantinople, qui réside sur le territoire de la Turquie, est personnellement très vulnérable, c’est pourquoi il ne reste qu’à prier pour que le Seigneur le libère des influences qui peuvent avoir des conséquences néfastes pour l’Église entière. »


                            

                  Peter Malkov: Revue de vidéos sur le portail éducatif de l'Académie de la foi [Академия веры]

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                  Peter Yourevitch Malkov
                  Membre de la commission inter-conciliaire de l’Église orthodoxe russe
                  Membre de la commission synodale biblique et théologique
                  Chef du département de théologie de l’Université Saint-Tikhon
                  Candidat (grade universitaire russe) en théologie, chargé de cours
                  ***
                  L'examen des documents publiés sur le portail éducatif Академия веры/Akademiya Very, en français Académie de la Foi site russe: https://vera.academy/block/207, positionné comme une "première ressource sur l'étude multiforme de la doctrine chrétienne dans l'Internet russe", et prétendant offrir "un regard neuf sur la doctrine et les traditions de l'Église orthodoxe" m'a laissé une impression plutôt négative.

                  D'une part, on ne peut que se réjouir de la volonté du clergé russe bien éduqué, des professeurs de l'Académie théologique de Moscou et d'un certain nombre de professionnels travaillant dans le domaine de la culture orthodoxe russe, de faire une nouvelle et noble tentative pour transmettre les principes et les bases les plus importants de la foi chrétienne aux jeunes russes contemporains, même si cette tentative fut faite en utilisant les méthodes missionnaires et catéchisantes qui sont très inhabituelles dans la tradition orthodoxe et dans le contexte ecclésial. Nous pouvons rappeler ici l'un des grands principes missionnaires de l'Apôtre Paul qui "s'est rendu faible aux faibles, pour gagner les faibles." Je suis devenu tout pour tous, afin que par tous les moyens possibles je puisse en sauver quelques-uns" (1 Corinthiens 9: 22).

                  Il est toujours très important pour les auteurs de tels projets de pouvoir raconter aux gens des choses vraiment complexes de manière simple et intelligible, tout en reflétant les aspects les plus importants de la foi chrétienne dans leurs productions et en aidant ainsi les jeunes contemporains à s'établir dans l'espérance du Seigneur, à les renforcer dans l'amour de Dieu et du prochain et à faciliter pour eux l'entrée dans l'Église du Christ. Il est très important ici de s'en tenir à un "juste milieu". Dans de tels projets, il est tout à fait acceptable d'utiliser des approches modernes de prédication et de se référer aux réalités de la culture de masse contemporaine séculière, dans laquelle les jeunes d'aujourd'hui sont élevés. Pourtant, ce faisant, les auteurs doivent rester fidèles à l'esprit de la tradition de l'Église, à la pureté de la doctrine orthodoxe et aux fondements de la morale chrétienne. En effet, comme il est dit dans les Évangiles, "Car par vos paroles vous serez justifiés, et par vos paroles vous serez condamnés" (Matthieu 12,37).

                  C'est pourquoi une telle discussion avec les jeunes sur les fondements de la foi chrétienne ne doit pas devenir - en se réjouissant des valeurs de "cette  époque" - une trahison des principes doctrinaux et moraux du témoignage chrétien sur la vérité.

                  Malheureusement, de nombreuses vidéos présentées sur le portail de l'Académie de la Foi paraissent précisément un exemple de déviation de leurs auteurs des principes authentiques de l'œuvre missionnaire chrétienne.

                  Tout d'abord, je voudrais dire quelques mots sur les textes publiés sur le portail de l'Académie de la Foi. Heureusement, après un rapide coup d'œil, ils ne semblent pas poser de problèmes quant à leur contenu doctrinal et moral. Cependant, on peut avoir l'impression que ces textes doctrinalement corrects destinés à présenter les fondements de la doctrine orthodoxe, ont été écrits par un professeur travaillant dans le domaine de l'enseignement ecclésiastique supérieur, non pas pour des jeunes gens non instruits, mais pour ses propres étudiants. Ces textes ressemblent à de brefs résumés de conférences sur la théologie dogmatique plutôt qu'à des essais missionnaires catéchétiques pour ceux qui commencent leur cheminement vers la foi. Tout est très sophistiqué, complexe et abscons dans ces textes. Et les sujets qui ont été choisis sont très difficiles. Telle est, par exemple, la section intitulée "Qu'est-ce que la monarchie du Père", qui contient des phrases comme celle-ci : "La causalité existant dans notre monde ne peut être comparée à la causalité en Dieu, puisque le Père est une cause rationnelle et aimante, capable d'éviter la hiérarchie dans Sa génération et Sa procession. Pauvres jeunes ! Oseraient-ils s'en prendre à une science théologique aussi ardue ?

                  Il convient maintenant de dire quelques mots sur le contenu des vidéos présentées sur le portail de l'Académie de la Foi. Elles ont été créés dans le style de l'animation par ordinateur, elles intègrent activement les éléments de la culture de masse contemporaine, regorgent d'images visuelles brillantes, parfois exagérées et comiques, elles utilisent un langage compréhensible et intelligible par les jeunes de notre époque, ressemblent parfois à des bandes dessinées animées et reflètent les réalités du cinéma, de la musique et des arts actuels, bien connues des adolescents. 

                  Ces éléments spécifiques de la culture contemporaine sont constamment liés dans les vidéos à l'imagerie de la culture orthodoxe traditionnelle, à la peinture d'icônes et au symbolisme chrétien. Et, bien que certaines de ces vidéos semblent trop provocantes pour "l'œil orthodoxe", elles ne méritent pas toutes des commentaires négatifs sur leur contenu théologique et moral. Cependant, malheureusement, il y a beaucoup de vidéos parmi elles qui méritent l'évaluation la moins flatteuse, et d'ailleurs, les plus infructueuses sont les vidéos sur les domaines les plus importants de la doctrine chrétienne, telles que "Pourquoi Dieu est Trinité", "Qui est Dieu ? "A propos de la Liturgie", « Qu’est-ce que la tradition sacrée" et « Existe-t-il un christianisme au-delà des frontières de l'Orthodoxie ?" J'aborderai le contenu doctrinal et moral de chacune.

                  1. Vidéo "Pourquoi Dieu est Trinité" (scénario du diacre Ilya Kokine)




                  Certainement, c'est l'exemple le plus flagrant de toutes les vidéos présentées sur le Portail.

                  Il convient de mentionner que les auteurs de la vidéo en ont retiré plusieurs images à la suite de remarques critiques formulées par moi-même et par d'autres téléspectateurs. Malheureusement, cela n'a en rien résolu le problème...

                  Je ne raconterai pas en détail la composante "humoristique" de la vidéo, mais je ne donnerai qu'un seul exemple qui permettra de transmettre en partie son humeur "divertissante" générale. La vidéo contient diverses images symboliques et parallèles du monde créé, permettant au spectateur d'approcher mentalement le mystère de la Sainte Trinité : Comment un seul Dieu peut-il être en trois personnes ? 

                  Ces images comprennent le soleil (le soleil, la lumière et la chaleur), l'arbre (racine, tronc et couronne), etc. Cependant, les auteurs de la vidéo ont décidé d'ajouter leur propre contribution à l'inventaire figuratif des symboles du Dieu trinitaire. C'est une tasse de cappuccino dans laquelle on mélange du café, de la crème et du sucre. Ces découvertes théologiques, sont, pour le moins déconcertantes. Comme nous le comprenons bien, théologiquement cette image est absolument incorrecte, puisque dans une tasse de cappuccino, trois substances complètement hétérogènes, différentes les unes des autres dans la nature, sont combinées de manière aléatoire. De plus, les auteurs n'ont pas pu s'empêcher de faire une plaisanterie très étrange : "Une tasse, mais j'en veux trois"... Est-ce là l'explication du mystère de l'Unité et en même temps de la Trinité de Dieu ? Telle est, si je puis dire, la "plaisanterie" qui embrouille complètement le spectateur…

                  Passons maintenant à l'essence théologique de cette vidéo : au tout début, l'icône de la "Sainte Trinité" de saint André Roublev apparaît devant le spectateur. On nous dit que l'artiste a représenté trois personnes divines sur l'icône : le Père, le Fils et le Saint-Esprit. Et puis le présentateur corrige saint André : "Bien que, franchement, ce ne soit pas le cas." Ensuite, extrêmement intrigués par cette déclaration, nous sommes informés que l'icône représente trois personnages - des voyageurs qui un jour apparurent au juste  Abraham de l’Ancien Testament, et prédirent la naissance de son fils Isaac. "Mais ce qui s'est passé par la suite n'entre pas dans l'intrigue sur l'apparition de la Sainte Trinité", nous dit le présentateur en confidence. 

                  "Un voyageur resta pour parler avec Abraham, et les deux autres allèrent dans la ville de Sodome, où ils furent soumis, hum... à du harcèlement. Et à quoi d'autre pouvait-on s'attendre de la part des Sodomites ?" Comme on le sait, le mot "harcèlement" signifie le plus souvent une imposition sexuelle criminelle et persistante, une agression sexuelle dans l'intention de viol. A cette époque, l'image animée représente une foule de personnages gris - des habitants de la ville de Sodome, se précipitant vers la maison où deux anges viennent d'entrer. Ensuite (dans la version originale de la vidéo), nous avons pu voir deux anges quitter la maison avec les joues rouges et les visages tristes, tenant des affiches avec l'inscription "#me too" dans leurs mains. Laissez-moi vous expliquer : "me too" est un hashtag, aujourd'hui très populaire, qui postule la condamnation de tout harcèlement et de toute violence sexuelle ; il s'est récemment répandu dans les médias sociaux d'aujourd'hui après une série de scandales sexuels à Hollywood. Ces cadres avec l'affiche et les anges honteux ont disparu de la nouvelle version de la vidéo, mais le sujet du "harcèlement" y est toujours resté. Les auteurs de la vidéo n'ont pas expliqué si ces deux anges ont été violés par les Sodomites, mais nous espérons que la vraie conscience dogmatique orthodoxe qui nie la corporéité matérielle des anges a aidé le scénariste à rejeter cette pensée audacieuse. 

                  Je dois tout de suite mentionner que selon le récit biblique, les événements qui ont eu lieu à Sodome et auxquels ont participé les voyageurs qui ont visité Abraham, se sont passés d'une manière complètement différente de ce qu'il semble aux auteurs de la vidéo : "Mais les hommes à l'intérieur ont tendu la main et ont ramené Lot à l'intérieur de la maison et ont fermé la porte. Alors ils frappèrent d'aveuglement les hommes qui étaient à la porte de la maison, jeunes et vieux, afin qu'ils ne puissent pas trouver la porte " (Genèse 19: 10-11). Quoi qu'il en soit, le cours de présentation vidéo de la doctrine trinitaire se poursuit. Le présentateur dit : "Mais le but ici n'est même pas dans une situation épicée, mais dans le fait que nous appelons la Sainte Trinité Consubstantielle, Une, et Indivisible." Sans expliquer la signification de ces formulations théologiques sophistiquées, les auteurs procèdent immédiatement et résolument à la ruine du "mythe" erroné de la Trinité de Roublev. 

                  Aucune Trinité n'est apparue à Abraham, puisque les "voyageurs bibliques se sont séparés." L'auteur laisse entendre ici que l'un des voyageurs est resté avec Abraham, tandis que les deux autres, comme le racontent les auteurs de la vidéo, sont allés à Sodome où la foule grise et agressive a tenté de les violer. Alors les paroles de l'apôtre Jean apparaissent soudainement dans la vidéo : "Personne n'a jamais vu Dieu, mais le Fils unique, qui est au sein du Père, l'a fait connaître" (Jean 1:18). Les auteurs de la vidéo soulignent : personne n'a vu Dieu le Père. C'est pourquoi, selon eux, Dieu le Père et donc toute la Trinité n'auraient pas pu apparaître à Abraham. Pourtant, en même temps, les auteurs de la vidéo croient que Dieu le Fils pourrait encore apparaître à Abraham. "Qui donc apparut à Abraham ?" - Selon le scénariste, Dieu le Fils et deux anges avec lui. Selon l'affirmation des auteurs, ce sera "la chose la plus logique" à supposer (je dois le noter : cette logique dans le raisonnement humain sur le mystère de la Sainte Trinité est une chose dangereuse !)

                  Ici, nous devrions nous arrêter brièvement pour examiner plus en détail les principaux arguments des auteurs de la vidéo. Ainsi, de leur point de vue, Dieu n'apparaît pas à Abraham comme Trinité. Après tout, les voyageurs après avoir visité Abraham se séparèrent les uns des autres, alors que la Sainte Trinité ne peut être divisée. De plus, toute la Trinité ne pouvait pas apparaître à Abraham à cause de l'invisibilité absolue de Dieu le Père.

                  Je dois m'opposer aux auteurs de la vidéo. Tout d'abord, il faut rappeler que dans la peinture d'icônes orthodoxe médiévale (byzantine et russe), il existe un grand nombre de représentations de "l'hospitalité d'Abraham" accompagnée de l'inscription "Trinité" ou "Sainte Trinité". Dans l'art orthodoxe, ces images de la "Trinité de l'Ancien Testament" sont les plus traditionnelles. Cependant, les inscriptions "Père", "Fils" et "Saint Esprit" ne sont pas faites près des figures, car elles sont considérées comme canoniquement inacceptables. Je devrais également mentionner que de telles icônes de la Trinité de l'Ancien Testament incluent souvent (contrairement à l'icône de la Sainte Trinité par saint André Roublev) Abraham et Sarah, la table avec des plats, des serviteurs, et ainsi de suite. 

                  Ainsi, pour l'art orthodoxe, la vérité de l'apparition de la Sainte Trinité à Abraham est, dans un bon sens du terme, "la connaissance commune". La tradition des Saints Pères comprend souvent cette apparition des Trois Voyageurs à Abraham précisément comme l'apparition de la Sainte Trinité. Cependant - et ici les auteurs de la vidéo ont en partie raison - certains Saints Pères avaient une autre opinion : c'était Dieu le Fils et deux anges avec Lui qui apparurent à Abraham. Cependant, de célèbres Saints Pères, théologiens et exégètes, comme saint Cyrille d'Alexandrie, saint Ambroise de Milan ou saint Augustin, croyaient que c'était précisément la Sainte Trinité - Dieu le Père, le Fils et l'Esprit Saint - qui apparut à Abraham. Dans la tradition russe, le principal partisan de l'idée de l'apparition du Dieu trinitaire à Abraham était saint Joseph de Volotsk. En effet, saint Cyrille d'Alexandrie explique aussi pourquoi les Divins Voyageurs se sont divisés après le repas d'Abraham : les anges qui apparurent à Abraham, "pourraient être l'image de Dieu ; trois s'approchèrent d'abord d'Abraham au Chêne de Mamré, mais seulement deux entrèrent dans Sodome : " Le Père ne juge personne mais il a donné tout jugement au Fils " (Jn. 5 : 22), avec qui, sans aucun doute, il est présent et en qui l'Esprit Saint demeure selon la nature " (Saint Cyrille d'Alexandrie, Sur l'Adoration dans l'Esprit et la Vérité, 1ère partie, Livre 6). Ainsi, selon la pensée de saint Cyrille, Dieu le Père a laissé le jugement de la Sodome pécheresse précisément au Fils dans sa coopération avec le Saint-Esprit, mais le Père lui-même ne porte jamais aucun jugement et n'est donc pas allé à Sodome.

                  Il faut dire ici que, malgré le fait que les Trois Voyageurs semblent se diviser après avoir visité Abraham, cela ne peut évidemment pas signifier que les Personnes de la Sainte Trinité se soient séparées les unes des autres. Après tout, Dieu est omniprésent... Oui, en apparence, ils se sont séparés ici, mais la Trinité ne se sépare jamais. Après tout, nous ne considérons pas l'envoi de Dieu le Fils dans le monde, Qui est descendu du Ciel en sacrifice expiatoire pour la race humaine, comme une séparation des personnes divines. Quoi qu'il en soit, un argument aussi étrange de la part des auteurs de la vidéo - il ne pouvait s'agir de la Trinité, parce que les trois voyageurs se déplacent dans des directions différentes - est absolument frivole du point de vue doctrinal et ne fait que confondre et désorienter l'observateur. En ce qui concerne le passage de l'Évangile de Jean, cité par les auteurs de la vidéo (" Personne n'a vu Dieu à aucun moment. Le Fils unique, Qui est dans le sein du Père est Celui Qui l’a fait connaître"), cela n'a rien à voir avec le sujet de l'Ancien Testament, parce qu'il fait référence au moment de l'Incarnation du Fils de Dieu quand, devenu humain, il nous est devenu visible, car le Verbe s'est fait chair.

                  De plus, la formulation dogmatique trinitaire ultérieure de la vidéo ne me semble pas appropriée : "Les Trois Personnes, c'est-à-dire les Trois Personnalités Indépendantes, ont une nature commune." Un mot extrêmement inapproprié ici est "indépendant". 

                  Pour le spectateur d'aujourd'hui, le mot "indépendant" signifiera nécessairement "séparé", "isolé". Et là commence une nouvelle "tentation" née de la vidéo : l'idée que les Trois Personnes sont trois dieux distincts, reliés les uns aux autres uniquement par l'amour, commence à apparaître de plus en plus clairement. Une comparaison plus poussée des Trois Personnes de la Sainte Trinité avec la plénitude de la race humaine, composée de personnalités isolées et complètement séparées les unes des autres, soutient également ce point. De plus, la vidéo fait une autre déclaration extrêmement audacieuse : "On peut comprendre le mystère de la Sainte Trinité en regardant l'homme, puisque, comme la Sainte Trinité, "l'humanité entière est un seul organisme avec la multitude des personnes". Ainsi, les auteurs de la vidéo ont déjà compris avec succès et complètement le mystère ineffable de la Sainte Trinité ("On peut comprendre le mystère de la Sainte Trinité..."). Mais savent-ils que, selon les saints Pères, ce mystère ne peut en aucun cas être compris pleinement et rationnellement par une personne créée et imparfaite ?

                  Vient ensuite une autre question dogmatiquement inexacte et manifestement incorrecte : "Pourquoi Dieu a-t-il besoin de trois personnes ?" Pourquoi Dieu est-il ainsi et pas d'une autre nature ? Poser de telles questions en théologie est le pire faux pas qu'on puisse imaginer... Si seulement les auteurs de la vidéo pouvaient répondre honnêtement à cette question : "On n'en sait rien !" Cependant, malheureusement, ils commencent (de leur point de vue) à y répondre, avec diligence et exhaustivité, continuant ainsi à rationaliser et à simplifier de plus en plus le mystère de la Sainte Trinité. "Dieu est Amour, mais l'Amour a besoin de l'Autre. L'amour est quelque chose qui unit deux ou plusieurs personnalités." Une conclusion extrêmement tentante d'un point de vue doctrinal découle de la vidéo : le Père, le Fils et le Saint-Esprit sont unis non par l'unité de leur nature commune, non par leur consubstantialité, mais par leur qualité commune d'amour énergétique, que les spectateurs d'aujourd'hui vont inévitablement interpréter - conformément à leur compréhension quotidienne du sens de l'amour - de manière très simple : le Père, le Fils et le Saint Esprit sont unis seulement par les tendres sentiments qu'ils expriment les uns envers les autres. "L'amour s'est refroidi, expliquent les auteurs de la vidéo, "en nous", mais pas en Dieu, car contrairement à nous, le Père, le Fils et l'Esprit Saint, "ont réussi dans l'amour..."

                  En tant que spectateur potentiel, quel est le résultat final que je peux tirer de cette vidéo ?

                  1. Saint André Roublev a mal interprété un récit biblique de l'Ancien Testament, il s'est trompé et il a peint une icône avec le mauvais sujet représentant quelque chose qu'il n’aurait pas dû.

                  2. Le Fils de Dieu et deux autres anges apparurent à Abraham ; puis on essaya de les violer à Sodome, mais tout cela n'a rien à voir avec le sujet de la Sainte Trinité.

                  3. Le Dieu Unique a Trois Personnes, mais ce n'est pas comme le Serpent à plusieurs têtes des contes de fées russes, mais comme les nombreux êtres humains qui vivent sur terre.

                  4. Le cappuccino est une très bonne chose : non seulement parce qu'il est délicieux, mais aussi parce qu'il est une image symbolique réussie de l'unité des personnes de la Sainte Trinité.

                  5. Les auteurs de la vidéo savent à coup sûr pourquoi Dieu a besoin de Trois Personnes - pour qu'il y ait des Personnes pour s'aimer en Dieu.

                  6. La condition préalable et le fondement de l'unité des Trois Personnes de la Sainte Trinité, Personnalités indépendantes, n'est pas leur unité selon la nature commune, mais précisément le parfait sentiment d'amour qu'elles éprouvent les unes envers les autres.

                  Et une autre remarque importante concernant le contenu de cette vidéo : ses auteurs ont utilisé presque tout le matériel source pour la vidéo de l'Ancien Testament, mais ils n'ont pratiquement pas mentionné la doctrine de la Sainte Trinité du Nouveau Testament. Pourquoi en est-il ainsi ? Comme c'est étrange !

                  2. Vidéo "Qui est Dieu" (scénario du prêtre Serge Baritsky) 

                  Selon les auteurs de cette vidéo, tous les dieux semblaient être des créatures fantaisistes et inaccessibles aux païens dans les temps anciens. Les gens avaient l'impression qu'ils devaient rester loin d'eux. Les auteurs de la vidéo comparent ces dieux avec le Dieu chrétien. Ils nous le disent avec optimisme : "Un jour... quelque chose s'est brisé dans ce mode de vie païen lugubre". Un homme né dans la petite province romaine de Judée a apporté au peuple quelque chose dont les anciens ne pouvaient que rêver : Il a révélé au peuple l'amour de Dieu le Père." Super ! Nous nous préparons à entendre que cette personne (bien sûr, c'est Jésus-Christ) était le Fils de Dieu, le vrai Dieu, qu'Il est venu pour sauver le monde. Rien de tel ! Ils ne nous en parleront pas, on n'en parle même pas. On nous parlera de la florissante Florence et de Dante qui y ont vécu. Il restera dans l'esprit des spectateurs (qui bien sûr comprennent qui a été mentionné), que Jésus n'était qu’un "homme" bon qui a finalement "révélé" Dieu - "le Père, Dieu aimant" - à l'humanité. Cependant, les spectateurs ne relieraient pas nécessairement cette "personne" au "Père" et ne seraient pas en mesure de conclure que c'est précisément cet Homme qui est le vrai Fils de Dieu le Père. Selon la vidéo, il n'était qu'un des nôtres : un "homme né dans la petite province romaine de Judée" - et c'est tout...

                  Alors qui est Dieu, du point de vue des auteurs de la vidéo ? Les gens ont essayé de répondre à cette question plus d'une fois. Comme le disent les auteurs, "Parfois les gens essayaient d'expliquer Dieu de manière affirmative, en lui donnant des noms et en décrivant [ses] qualités ; parfois ils essayaient de le faire par le déni des propriétés typiques des êtres humains". Avec ces mots, les caractéristiques et les noms de Dieu traditionnels pour la doctrine orthodoxe apparaissent sur l'écran : "Dieu est éternel", "n'a ni commencement ni fin", "immortel", "tout-puissant", "miséricordieux", "juste", "qui voit tout", "la première cause", "immuable", "amour", "incompréhensible", "Dieu est un"... On pourrait s'en réjouir et même applaudir toutes ces formulations orthodoxes offertes au spectateur, mais tout d'un coup, le présentateur leur répond avec beaucoup de scepticisme : « Des mots, des mots, des mots…" Et puis, à l'improviste, il ajoute : "Mais, en fin de compte, peu importe ce qu'il est." Quoi ?!!!...

                  Nous avions prévu de découvrir l'enseignement orthodoxe sur Dieu, et maintenant il s'avère que tout l'enseignement orthodoxe est absurde, que vous pouvez éteindre l'ordinateur et aller faire des choses complètement différentes ? Car selon les auteurs de la vidéo, peu importe ce que Dieu est vraiment ! Les auteurs continuent : peu importe ce qu'il est - "le Tout-Puissant, l'éternité ou l'Esprit Immortel. On ne peux pas réchauffer son âme avec ça." Pendant ce temps, sur l'écran, un morceau de papier sur lequel sont écrits les noms orthodoxes de Dieu, se froisse et s'envole dans les ténèbres. "L'âme humaine ne cherche pas des formules exactes, mais l'amour parental ", expliquent les auteurs de la vidéo. Oui, en effet, on peut être d'accord avec eux ici : l'âme aspire à l'amour de Dieu et elle apprend à L'aimer. Seul problème - le mot "amour" a été écrit sur la page froissée et flottante comme l'un des noms de Dieu… 

                  Tout ce qui se passait à l'écran ressemblait de plus en plus à des sermons protestants populaires appelant à renoncer au dogmatisme médiéval obsolète et à embrasser la chose la plus importante et la seule vraie : Jésus vous aime ! Mais encore une fois, une citation exaltée du Nouveau Testament clignote à l'écran : "Mais à tous ceux qui l'ont reçu, il leur a donné le droit d'être enfants de Dieu, à ceux qui croient en Son Nom" (1 Jean 1:12).  Cependant, pour une raison ou pour une autre, il disparaît aussi avec un sifflement lorsqu'une larme du Dante de la vidéo qui pleure, tombe dessus. Une feuille de papier propre et vide reste à la place de la citation... Enfin, il s'avère que dans cette vidéo, les auteurs s'opposent résolument au "dogme, aux spéculations rationnelles froides" sur Dieu et à "l'expérience chaleureuse de la rencontre avec Dieu", "qui supprime toute question" comme la question "Qui est Dieu ? Probablement, selon les auteurs de la vidéo, ces "spéculations rationnelles" "superflues" comme la doctrine orthodoxe "froide" des propriétés et des noms divins sont aussi enlevées ici…



                  3. Vidéo "Liturgie" (scénario du diacre Ilya Kokin)


                  Suite à la critique de son contenu, cette vidéo a également fait l'objet d'une petite correction "cosmétique"...

                  Cette vidéo tente, d’une manière contre nature, de rapprocher la doctrine orthodoxe de la Liturgie et de l'Eucharistie des idées du philosophe religieux et mystique russe Nicolas Fiodorov, qui figuraient dans son ouvrage Philosophie de la Tâche Commune et qui étaient à la base de la philosophie dite du mouvement "cosmisme russe" [https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmisme]Comme on le sait, tout au long de sa vie, Fiodorov a tenté de mettre en œuvre un étrange projet utopique - la résurrection universelle des morts par le simple pouvoir de la connaissance scientifique. Cette résurrection des ancêtres n'était en aucun cas censée devenir une action divine, mais était considérée par Fiodorov comme une tâche de l'humanité. 

                  Dans Les Voies de la Théologie Russe, l'archiprêtre George Florovsky a bien décrit sa position idéologique de la manière suivante :

                  "L'enseignement de Fiodorov est une forme particulière de positivisme religieux, forme raffinée de "religion positive". Et, à proprement parler, rien n'y changerait s'il n'y était pas fait mention de Dieu (comme beaucoup de successeurs de Fiodorov le font maintenant)... On dit que Fiodorov était un homme d’église. Pourtant, sa vision du monde," dans la majorité de ses hypothèses", n'était pas du tout chrétienne et contredisait fortement la révélation et l'expérience chrétienne. Et c'est plus une idéologie qu'une vraie foi... Fiodorov écrit : " Le Christ est le résurrecteur et le christianisme est résurrection ; la fin du ministère du Christ fut la résurrection de Lazare..." Ce n'est pas une glissade accidentelle de la langue. Pour Fiodorov, le Christ n'était qu'un grand faiseur de miracles auquel les esprits et les éléments obéissaient. Le Mystère de la Croix lui restait fermé, " la crucifixion et la mort du Christ n'étaient que la vengeance impuissante des ennemis de la résurrection et des ennemis du ressuscité..." Pour Fiodorov, Béthanie, où Lazare est ressuscité, était plus importante que Nazareth, Bethléem et même Jérusalem... Il parle du Christ très rarement, à peine et obscurément, en utilisant des paroles peu inspirantes et peu convaincantes. Strictement parlant, Fiodorov n'a pas du tout de christologie..."

                  Cependant, la doctrine de la "tâche commune" de Fiodorov et la doctrine chrétienne de la Liturgie comme "tâche commune" de notre communion avec le même Christ en la divinité duquel Fiodorov ne croyait pas, pour une raison quelconque, semblent être profondément en accord et intégralement unies pour les auteurs de la vidéo. "Après tout, le nom 'Tâche commune' est une traduction littérale du mot grec...'Liturgie'"... D'ailleurs, l'idée de Fiodorov selon laquelle "un jour la science trouvera le moyen de ressusciter nos ancêtres morts. Alors nous aurons une belle vie" est positivement importante pour les auteurs de la vidéo. Probablement, de leur point de vue, elle est très utile pour le travail missionnaire (sinon, elle n'aurait pas été inclus dans la vidéo) et elle peut contribuer au ministère catéchétique.

                  La première version de la vidéo contenait une expression figurative vivante : Après la Chute, les gens sont devenus ce qu'on appelle des " fragments de corps " dans les chroniques criminelles, en d'autres termes, sont devenus "démembrés…" Suite aux critiques, le mot "démembré" a disparu du texte de la vidéo...

                  Malheureusement, la vidéo sur la Liturgie est une véritable « décharge publique" d'informations et personne ne sait pourquoi elle a été donnée. Par exemple, il y a une citation d'un des apocryphes attribués au Christ : "Béni soit l'homme qui mange le lion, car alors le lion deviendra un homme, et malheureux est l'homme qui est mangé par le lion, car alors l'homme deviendra un lion." Étant donné que de nombreux téléspectateurs de la vidéo ne savent probablement pas encore clairement ce que sont les apocryphes, après avoir regardé cette vidéo, l'arsenal des citations de l'Evangile va sensiblement augmenter dans l'utilisation de nombreux catéchistes....

                  4. Vidéo "Qu'est-ce que la tradition sacrée ?" (Scénario d'Alexey Pichtchouline).


                  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eppd1K-6Vkw

                  Cette vidéo contient une interprétation très étrange du concept doctrinal standard de la "Tradition sacrée", qui ne correspond à aucune compréhension traditionnelle possible de ce concept très important de la doctrine orthodoxe.
                  Tout d'abord, je vais donner une citation de la vidéo : "La Sainte Écriture était à l'origine la Tradition, et la Tradition en est devenue une partie intégrale."

                  En effet, le contenu de l'Écriture a été transmis à l'origine dans le sermon des Apôtres comme Tradition orale, avant l’Ecriture des Évangiles et des Épîtres. Ceci est correct. Cependant, l'affirmation selon laquelle la Tradition a été incluse dans l'Écriture en tant que partie intégrante n'est pas vraie. Je n'ai jamais vu une interprétation aussi étrange de la relation entre les concepts théologiques de la "Sainte Écriture" et de la "Tradition sacrée" ailleurs.
                  Il existe deux approches classiques pour comprendre la relation entre l'Écriture et la Tradition.

                  A) L'Ecriture et la Tradition sont deux sources complémentaires de la doctrine religieuse. Sous cette forme, ce principe apparaît, par exemple, dans les cours classiques russes d'enseignement pré-révolutionnaire de théologie dogmatique, par exemple, par le Métropolite Macaire (Boulgakov).

                  B) L'Écriture est l'une des formes de la Tradition (la plus parfaite, puisque sa source est directe, infaillible et divinement inspirée par la Révélation) ; dans chaque forme de Tradition, y compris l'Écriture, la même vérité révélée par Dieu est exprimée en plénitude, mais de manières différentes et dans ses divers modes. Dans cette approche, Tradition et Écriture ne se complètent plus, comme dans la version A), mais sont une seule et même révélation sur Dieu, n'apparaissant que sous des formes différentes. Une telle interprétation a été proposée, par exemple, par Vladimir Lossky.

                  L'idée des auteurs de la vidéo selon laquelle la Tradition est entrée dans l'Écriture comme partie intégrante de celle-ci contredit toute version de la doctrine dogmatique orthodoxe de la Tradition et de l'Écriture. Une telle formulation ne peut être considérée comme admissible ; elle détruit complètement le sens dogmatique traditionnel des deux concepts théologiques acceptés dans l'Église.

                  Dans de tels projets missionnaires, on peut s'efforcer autant qu'on le souhaite d'atteindre la simplicité et la clarté de présentation. Cependant, il est obligatoire de tout formuler théologiquement correctement et sans contradictions par rapport à la même Tradition de la Sainte Église, tout en parlant simplement et clairement de choses sophistiquées. Dans ce cas, les auteurs de la vidéo sont engagés dans une invention obscure et inadmissible qui n'a rien à voir avec la théologie orthodoxe traditionnelle. Ils enseignent n'importe quoi au spectateur, mais pas ce qu'est la Tradition Sacrée dans son sens d’Église traditionnel.

                  La déclaration "La Protection de la Vierge [Pokrov] est une fête mondiale de l'Eglise" de cette vidéo (juste pour mémoire) provoque également de l'étonnement. 

                  C'est tout simplement faux. La fête de la Protection n'est célébrée que dans l'Église russe. Ni l'Église orthodoxe grecque, ni l'Église orthodoxe géorgienne, ni aucune autre Église locale ne célèbre cette fête.

                  Cependant, le plus énorme est dans la deuxième moitié de la vidéo. Tout d'abord, je vais mentionner une citation tirée du dessin animé : "La tradition est la même source essentielle de notre connaissance de Dieu que l'Écriture Sainte." Une image apparaît à l'écran : des balances avec des casseroles équilibrées. Supposons que l'approche pour comprendre le sens de la Tradition dans l'option 
                  A) (voir ci-dessus) soit choisie ici. Mais alors commence un étrange courant de conscience. Si la Tradition est sacrée et est une source vraie et fiable de notre connaissance de Dieu, pourquoi alors l'idée qu'il existe pourtant précisément une "différence fondamentale" qualitative entre les deux commence-t-elle à être introduite ? Quelles sont ces différences ? Les auteurs expliquent : "Les textes qui sont devenus partie intégrante du Nouveau Testament sont passés à travers le filtre de la critique... Inversement, les traditions se sont spontanément développées et se sont répandues au cours des siècles sur de vastes étendues du monde baptisé et elles l'ont fait de la manière la plus démocratique : quelqu'un a écouté - et l'a transmis.... Vous ne l'avez pas bien attrapé ? - pas de problème ! Pour cela, on vous a donné des capacités créatives. Par conséquent, les absurdités... pourraient entrer dans la version originale... Et le niveau théologique des conteurs... était différent." Allez, venez ! On vient d'affirmer que l'Écriture et la Tradition sont deux sources pratiquement équivalentes et substantielles de notre connaissance de Dieu. Et maintenant, pour une raison quelconque, il s'avère que la Tradition (précisément la Tradition Sacrée, dont il est question ici !) est pleine de toutes sortes de contes de vieilles femmes ! Qu'elle est remplie d'absurdités! La Tradition Sacrée est ainsi assimilée mécaniquement aux "traditions de l'Antiquité profonde" (selon le poème d'Alexandre Pouchkine). D'une part, selon les auteurs de la vidéo, la Tradition est sacrée ; et d'autre part, ceci: (je tiens à le souligner !) cette Tradition SACRÉE est pleine de toutes sortes d'absurdités. Les auteurs n'ont pas pris la peine de faire la distinction entre les deux :
                  A) d'une part, Tradition et traditions (en tant que coutumes traditionnelles comme le signe de croix), et

                  B) d'autre part, les opinions superficielles, les croyances naïves et les éléments légendaires qui ont pénétré dans la conscience de certains chrétiens au cours des siècles et qui se reflètent dans la littérature chrétienne et l'art ecclésial - des opinions qui ne possèdent certainement pas l'autorité de la Sainte Tradition pour nous.

                  Les auteurs ont empilé tout cela en un seul tas et l'ont inscrit sous le nom commun de "Tradition Sacrée". C'est pourquoi, suivant ce qui a été dit, ils vont encore plus loin et assimilent de manière générale le contenu de la Tradition Sacrée au folklore des contes de fées, aux épopées et aux paroles : "Est-il donc nécessaire d'honorer la Tradition Sacrée ? Bien sûr, c'est le cas !… Elle contient la mémoire collective du peuple de l'Église. De la même manière, les érudits ont chéri et étudié le folklore des contes de fées, les épopées héroïques et folkloriques, et les dictons pendant des siècles." 

                  Il s'avère que la tradition de la Nativité de la Vierge et les histoires de centaures et de basilics, que l'on retrouve dans les pages de la vie ancienne des saints, sont des choses du même niveau et du même ordre, appelées également et sans distinction par les auteurs de la vidéo du même nom de Tradition Sacrée. C'est ce que le spectateur peut apprendre de la vidéo à sa fin. Les auteurs le confirment également en résumant - déjà après avoir expliqué de manière claire et critique l'arrière-plan populaire "authentique" de la Sainte Tradition - "L'Ecriture et la Tradition forment ensemble un tout."

                  Dans les dernières secondes de la vidéo, une autre image vivante apparaît, ce qui dépasse la compréhension de toute personne orthodoxe. Cela dit d'abord : "L'Écriture et la Tradition forment ensemble un tout, puis une image représentant notre planète Terre apparaît à l'écran. "L'Écriture et la Tradition forment ensemble un tout unique, comme une planète et son atmosphère - avec des nuages, soit sous forme de montagnes célestes, soit sous forme d'ailes angéliques. La tradition est l'atmosphère accumulée depuis deux millénaires, qui entoure le noyau précieux : la simplicité cristalline originelle et la clarté de la parole de Dieu [Écriture]." 

                  Ainsi, selon les auteurs de la vidéo, l'Écriture simple et claire, fiable et indubitable dans sa pureté infaillible est le fondement solide sur lequel reposent notre foi et notre salut chrétien, tandis que la Tradition n'est que quelques châteaux nuageux dans les airs : si vous regardez son contenu, c'est comme si vous voyez le ciel - parfois comme une montagne et parfois comme un ange qui passe en volant. Tout cela est changeant, fluide et, surtout, accidentel comme les nuages célestes qui changent constamment leurs formes instables. Contrairement à la "base solide" de l'Écriture, on ne peut pas s'établir fermement sur le "nuage" de la Tradition ; il est impossible de s'y tenir ou d'y prendre pied. On ne peut que tomber à travers n'importe quel nuage et c'est tout. 

                  La tradition est une substance peu fiable remplie de fantaisies et d'éléments folkloriques venant de la nature créative chrétienne. Ainsi, la Tradition est ici déplacée de façon décisive par les auteurs de la vidéo du Royaume divinement révélé au royaume poétique et esthétique. La tradition perd complètement son sens sotériologique pour nous et s'avère n'être qu'une sorte de phénomène culturel. Une telle approche pour comprendre le sens de la Tradition Sacrée choisie par les auteurs de la vidéo est absolument protestante dans son esprit. 

                  Dans l'idéologie de la vidéo, tout comme dans le protestantisme, seule l'Écriture Sainte, Sola scriptura, joue un rôle salvifique et divin pour un chrétien, tandis que la Tradition n'est qu'une interprétation du contenu de la Révélation Divine par un esprit humain faible, plein d'erreurs, de contradictions, de choses imaginaires, de figures du langage et de pure sauvagerie médiévale. Ce n'est plus Dieu, ni l'Esprit Saint, qui est ici l'auteur et le porteur de la Tradition ; ses auteurs et "inventeurs" sont uniquement chrétiens. Ainsi, du point de vue des auteurs de la vidéo, il s'avère que Vladimir Lossky déjà mentionné a écrit un non-sens complet, quand il a dit : "La tradition est la vie de l'Esprit Saint dans l'Église.... Nous pouvons donner une définition exacte de la Tradition en disant que c'est la vie qui transmet à chaque membre du Corps du Christ la capacité d'entendre, d'accepter et de connaître la Vérité dans sa lumière inhérente, et non dans la lumière naturelle du mental humain. L'Église possède la Tradition qui est la connaissance du Verbe incarné dans l'Esprit Saint."

                  5. Vidéo "Le christianisme existe-t-il au-delà des frontières de l'Orthodoxie ?" (scénario d’Alexis Pichtchouline)


                  https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=LnmI7F0uqwo

                  "Le christianisme existe-t-il au-delà des frontières de l'Orthodoxie ?" - nous nous le demandons, en commençant à regarder la vidéo avec Alexis Pichtchouline. L'auteur nous répond de la part de Dieu Lui-même : "Ça ne te regarde pas." "Et qui es-tu pour poser la question?" 

                  Continue reading
                            

                  Comment on Mass Effect Andromeda Review: Already better than Shepard by Lyla Bax

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                  I remember going into this game cautiously since I was a massive fan of Shepard. Couldn't have been more proud and more thankful they made this title and continued the universe. The character stories alone were amazing!
                            

                  On Why Not Everyone Will See Todd Phillips’ Joker

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                  By Ed Sum (The Vintage Tempest) Just a little more than a month since the release of Joker, I simply don’t have the interest to see Todd Phillips’ box office smash hit. Enough has been spoiled online, where just going will simply be a waste of time. In the DC Comics universe, many writers ranging […]
                            

                  Elder Uchtdorf Shares Three Ways to Begin the Journey of Discipleship and Find True Happiness

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                  Coming to know Heavenly Father and understanding the Atonement of Jesus Christ will bring a greater desire to share the gospel.Elder Uchtdorf suggested three places to begin one’s journey of discipleship:

                  Elder Dieter F. Uchtdorf speaks to young adults during a devotional at the Stanford Memorial Church on October 27, 2019. Photo courtesy of Tina Richter.

                  The Savior’s commandment to “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations” (Matthew 28:19) was not intended for His original Apostles only. “The Great Commission of Jesus Christ applies to us in our day,” he said.Heavenly Father has also offered wisdom on how to find joy. He cares about the happiness of each of His children. Why? “Because you are His child. He knows you. He hears you. He wants you to succeed. He wants you to know what it means to fill your soul with the incomprehensible light of eternal glory.Happiness is what the great philosopher Aristotle said individuals seek for above everything else. And 2,400 years later, the pursuit of happiness is still happening today.
                • Know the manual. Study God’s words. “Seek to know your Father in Heaven and His Son, Jesus Christ. . . . Learn to communicate with heaven.”
                • Align your heart, mind, and actions with God’s commandments and teachings. “Practice becoming a true disciple of Jesus Christ. Remember, the very word practice implies a degree of imperfection. God understands this. So should you.”
                • Understand that disciples of Jesus Christ are known by their love for others. “Reach out in compassion to those with whom you come in contact. Mourn with them. Rejoice with them. Minister to them. The more you love and serve others, the more you are in the service of your God.”
                • Despite the advancements of living conditions, transportation, health care, technology, and entertainment since Aristotle’s time, new studies are released every year about the unhappiness and despair of the modern day. Elder Dieter F. Uchtdorf greets young adults following a devotional at the Stanford Memorial Church on October 27, 2019. Photo courtesy of James Welch.“But how successful are we in finding it?” Elder Dieter F. Uchtdorf of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles asked young adults during a multiregional devotional in Palo Alto, California, on October 27.During the devotional, Elder Uchtdorf spoke of discovering the true happiness that comes by walking the path of discipleship and sharing experiences as followers of Jesus Christ. 

                  Elder Dieter F. Uchtdorf meets with students in Palo Alto, California, for a devotional sponsored by the Latter-day Saint Student Association at Stanford University on October 27, 2019.

                  “Your charge is to first make these changes within your own hearts and then be an example and a servant to others as you help them do the same,” he said.“Do these things every day and you will see exciting, practical, spiritual, and emotional fruits in your life,” he said. Inside the Stanford Memorial Church on October 27, 2019.“If you truly understand and internalize this, you will never be the same,” Elder Uchtdorf said.While talking about the Church may be easy for some, Elder Uchtdorf said to those who may struggle: “All is not lost. [They] can still play a necessary and critical role in fulfilling the Great Commission of Jesus Christ” by using everyday conversation to talk about what is happening in their lives as members of the Church.Thousands of young adults gathered on October 27 in the Stanford Memorial Church for the meeting, sponsored by the Latter-day Saint Student Association at Stanford University. In 1981, Elder Uchtdorf served on a presidential task force that took him to the area. “It was nice to come back in a different way and to be in the historic Stanford Memorial Church, with its beautiful architecture and golden mosaic that shines in the evening light,” he said.Follow the guidance found in For the Strength of Youth. Make the decision to always hold a current temple recommend. Internalize the principles in Come, Follow Me by using it as a daily guide. Pray to Heavenly Father every day, and trust Him.Some acquaintances will want to learn more, and others will not. “That is between them and God,” Elder Uchtdorf said.He quoted God’s “mission statement” found in Moses 1:39 about His work and glory to bring about the immortality and eternal life of His sons and daughters.“Allow your Heavenly Father to work His miracles. He can take a simple post on social media or a brief comment to a friend and transform it into a light that burns within someone else’s soul.”Ministering to and lifting others counts as success, not just when someone joins the Church. Success comes through simple acts of goodness and friendship.“Imagine that: the most powerful being in the universe—the being who formed stars, nebulae, and galaxies—has your eternal happiness as His greatest priority,” said Elder Uchtdorf.After the devotional, Elder Uchtdorf and Sister Harriet Uchtdorf mingled with the audience to shake hands and chat with the young adults. Elder Uchtdorf said, “We could tell how much they love each other, how much they love the Church, and how uniquely they love Heavenly Father and His Son, Jesus Christ.”

                  From left: Kimmy Welch, Nicholas Welch, Elder Dieter F. Uchtdorf, Sister Harriet Uchtdorf, Deanne Welch, and James Welch pose for a photo following a devotional at the Stanford Memorial Church on October 27, 2019. Photo courtesy of James Welch.

                  God will use every effort to share the gospel to work His miracles. “With every act of kindness, every word of testimony, every prayer you offer, this world becomes a better, purer, and more peaceful place.”“As disciples of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, you are needed to play your part in transforming this dream into reality. You are God’s agents, His representatives to all with whom you come in contact. You are examples of the joy and fulfillment the gospel brings.To help bring His children safely home, Heavenly Father has prepared a plan of happiness—a plan based on agency that allows His children to reach their potential as “beings of light and glory.”In addition to Elder Uchtdorf, Margaret Ivory and Alejandra Aldridge, both of the Latter-day Saint Student Association, spoke.Part of this plan includes making mistakes and learning from them. “We don’t want to make mistakes. But when we do, because of our Savior’s eternal sacrifice, we can be forgiven and given a fresh start again,” he said.“But that is not all,” Elder Uchtdorf said.“Too often, people today confuse happiness with experiencing pleasure. We post Potemkin Village images of our lives on social media offering carefree impressions of an idyllic existence of never-ending sunshine, laughter, and euphoric bliss,” said Elder Uchtdorf, referencing his talk about being genuine from the April 2015 general conference (see “On Being GenuineEnsign or Liahona, May 2015, 80–83).Contrary to the counterfeit happiness found on social media today, Aristotle described happiness by using the term eudaemonia, which means “human flourishing.” This definition implies that happiness comes from “daily striving to become the best version of ourselves” rather than moments of pleasure, he said.Elder Uchtdorf also emphasized the power of three invitations: “come and see,” “come and help,” and “come and stay.” The gospel of Jesus Christ is the world’s greatest hope for a better, more peaceful world—a world where people incline their hearts to God and serve their neighbor.Elder Uchtdorf closed his devotional address by extending an apostolic blessing and urging young adults to allow the Spirit to work in their hearts and to share that light with others. “As you do so, you will be on the path to discovering true meaning, peace, and happiness in this great adventure and in the life to come.”


                            

                  Building Intuitions On Non-Empirical Arguments In Science

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                  Published on November 7, 2019 6:50 AM UTC

                  I.

                  Aeon: Post-Empirical Science Is An Oxymoron And It is Dangerous:

                  There is no agreed criterion to distinguish science from pseudoscience, or just plain ordinary bullshit, opening the door to all manner of metaphysics masquerading as science. This is ‘post-empirical’ science, where truth no longer matters, and it is potentially very dangerous.

                  It’s not difficult to find recent examples. On 8 June 2019, the front cover of New Scientist magazine boldly declared that we’re ‘Inside the Mirrorverse’. Its editors bid us ‘Welcome to the parallel reality that’s hiding in plain sight’. […]

                  [Some physicists] claim that neutrons [are] flitting between parallel universes. They admit that the chances of proving this are ‘low’, or even ‘zero’, but it doesn’t really matter. When it comes to grabbing attention, inviting that all-important click, or purchase, speculative metaphysics wins hands down.

                  These theories are based on the notion that our Universe is not unique, that there exists a large number of other universes that somehow sit alongside or parallel to our own. For example, in the so-called Many-Worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, there are universes containing our parallel selves, identical to us but for their different experiences of quantum physics. These theories are attractive to some few theoretical physicists and philosophers, but there is absolutely no empirical evidence for them. And, as it seems we can’t ever experience these other universes, there will never be any evidence for them. As Broussard explained, these theories are sufficiently slippery to duck any kind of challenge that experimentalists might try to throw at them, and there’s always someone happy to keep the idea alive.

                  Is this really science? The answer depends on what you think society needs from science. In our post-truth age of casual lies, fake news and alternative facts, society is under extraordinary pressure from those pushing potentially dangerous antiscientific propaganda – ranging from climate-change denial to the anti-vaxxer movement to homeopathic medicines. I, for one, prefer a science that is rational and based on evidence, a science that is concerned with theories and empirical facts, a science that promotes the search for truth, no matter how transient or contingent. I prefer a science that does not readily admit theories so vague and slippery that empirical tests are either impossible or they mean absolutely nothing at all.

                  As always, a single quote doesn’t do the argument justice, so go read the article. But I think this captures the basic argument: multiverse theories are bad, because they’re untestable, and untestable science is pseudoscience.

                  Many great people, both philosophers of science and practicing scientists, have already discussed the problems with this point of view. But none of them lay out their argument in quite the way that makes the most sense to me. I want to do that here, without claiming any originality or special expertise in the subject, to see if it helps convince anyone else.

                  II.

                  Consider a classic example: modern paleontology does a good job at predicting dinosaur fossils. But the creationist explanation – Satan buried fake dinosaur fossils to mislead us – also predicts the same fossils (we assume Satan is good at disguising his existence, so that the lack of other strong evidence for Satan doesn’t contradict the theory). What principles help us realize that the Satan hypothesis is obviously stupid and the usual paleontological one more plausible?

                  One bad response: paleontology can better predict characteristics of dinosaur fossils, using arguments like “since plesiosaurs are aquatic, they will be found in areas that were underwater during the Mesozoic, but since tyrannosaurs are terrestrial, they will be found in areas that were on land”, and this makes it better than the Satan hypothesis, which can only retrodict these characteristics. But this isn’t quite true: since Satan is trying to fool us into believing the modern paleontology paradigm, he’ll hide the fossils in ways that conform to its predictions, so we will predict plesiosaur fossils will only be found at sea – otherwise the gig would be up!

                  A second bad response: “The hypothesis that all our findings were planted to deceive us bleeds into conspiracy theories and touches on the problem of skepticism. These things are inherently outside the realm of science.” But archaeological findings are very often deliberate hoaxes planted to deceive archaeologists, and in practice archaeologists consider and test that hypothesis the same way they consider and test every other hypothesis. Rule this out by fiat and we have to accept Piltdown Man, or at least claim that the people arguing against the veracity of Piltdown Man were doing something other than Science.

                  A third bad response: “Satan is supernatural and science is not allowed to consider supernatural explanations.” Fine then, replace Satan with an alien. I think this is a stupid distinction – if demons really did interfere in earthly affairs, then we could investigate their actions using the same methods we use to investigate every other process. But this would take a long time to argue well, so for now let’s just stick with the alien.

                  A fourth bad response: “There is no empirical test that distinguishes the Satan hypothesis from the paleontology hypothesis, therefore the Satan hypothesis is inherently unfalsifiable and therefore pseudoscientific.” But this can’t be right. After all, there’s no empirical test that distinguishes the paleontology hypothesis from the Satan hypothesis! If we call one of them pseudoscience based on their inseparability, we have to call the other one pseudoscience too!

                  A naive Popperian (which maybe nobody really is) would have to stop here, and say that we predict dinosaur fossils will have such-and-such characteristics, but that questions like that process that drives this pattern – a long-dead ecosystem of actual dinosaurs, or the Devil planting dinosaur bones to deceive us – is a mystical question beyond the ability of Science to even conceivably solve.

                  I think the correct response is to say that both theories explain the data, and one cannot empirically test which theory is true, but the paleontology theory is more elegant (I am tempted to say “simpler”, but that might imply I have a rigorous mathematical definition of the form of simplicity involved, which I don’t). It requires fewer other weird things to be true. It involves fewer other hidden variables. It transforms our worldview less. It gets a cleaner shave with Occam’s Razor. This elegance is so important to us that it explains our vast preference for the first theory over the second.

                  A long tradition of philosophers of science have already written eloquently about this, summed up by Sean Carroll here:

                  What makes an explanation “the best.” Thomas Kuhn ,after his influential book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions led many people to think of him as a relativist when it came to scientific claims, attempted to correct this misimpression by offering a list of criteria that scientists use in practice to judge one theory better than another one: accuracy, consistency, broad scope, simplicity, and fruitfulness. “Accuracy” (fitting the data) is one of these criteria, but by no means the sole one. Any working scientist can think of cases where each of these concepts has been invoked in favor of one theory or another. But there is no unambiguous algorithm according to which we can feed in these criteria, a list of theories, and a set of data, and expect the best theory to pop out. The way in which we judge scientific theories is inescapably reflective, messy, and human. That’s the reality of how science is actually done; it’s a matter of judgment, not of drawing bright lines between truth and falsity or science and non-science. Fortunately, in typical cases the accumulation of evidence eventually leaves only one viable theory in the eyes of most reasonable observers.

                  The dinosaur hypothesis and the Satan hypothesis both fit the data, but the dinosaur hypothesis wins hands-down on simplicity. As Carroll predicts, most reasonable observers are able to converge on the same solution here, despite the philosophical complexity.

                  III.

                  I’m starting with this extreme case because its very extremity makes it easier to see the mechanism in action. But I think the same process applies to other cases that people really worry about.

                  Consider the riddle of the Sphinx. There’s pretty good archaeological evidence supporting the consensus position that it was built by Pharaoh Khafre. But there are a few holes in that story, and a few scattered artifacts suggest it was actually built by Pharaoh Khufu; a respectable minority of archaeologists believe this. And there are a few anomalies which, if taken wildly out of context, you can use to tell a story that it was built long before Egypt existed at all, maybe by Atlantis or aliens.

                  So there are three competing hypotheses. All of them are consistent with current evidence (even the Atlantis one, which was written after the current evidence was found and carefully adds enough epicycles not to blatantly contradict it). Perhaps one day evidence will come to light that supports one above the others; maybe in some unexcavated tomb, a hieroglyphic tablet says “I created the Sphinx, sincerely yours, Pharaoh Khufu”. But maybe this won’t happen. Maybe we already have all the Sphinx-related evidence we’re going to get. Maybe the information necessary to distinguish among these hypotheses has been utterly lost beyond any conceivable ability to reconstruct.

                  I don’t want to say “No hypothesis can be tested any further, so Science is useless to us here”, because then we’re forced to conclude stupid things like “Science has no opinion on whether the Sphinx was built by Khafre or Atlanteans,” whereas I think most scientists would actually have very strong opinions on that.

                  But what about the question of whether the Sphinx was built by Khafre or Khufu? This is a real open question with respectable archaeologists on both sides; what can we do about it?

                  I think the answer would have to be: the same thing we did with the Satan vs. paleontology question, only now it’s a lot harder. We try to figure out which theory requires fewer other weird things to be true, fewer hidden variables, less transformation of our worldview – which theory works better with Occam’s Razor. This is relatively easy in the Atlantis case, and hard but potentially possible in the Khafre vs. Khufu case.

                  (Bayesians can rephrase this to: given that we have a certain amount of evidence for each, can we quantify exactly how much evidence, and what our priors for each should be. It would end not with a decisive victory of one or the other, but with a probability distribution, maybe 80% chance it was Khafre, 20% chance it was Khufu)

                  I think this is a totally legitimate thing for Egyptologists to do, even if it never results in a particular testable claim that gets tested. If you don’t think it’s a legitimate thing for Egyptologists to do, I have trouble figuring out how you can justify Egyptologists rejecting the Atlantis theory.

                  (Again, Bayesians would start with a very low prior for Atlantis, and assess the evidence as very low, and end up with a probability distribution something like Khafre 80%, Khufu 19.999999%, Atlantis 0.000001%)

                  IV.

                  How does this relate to things like multiverse theory? Before we get there, one more hokey example:

                  Suppose scientists measure the mass of one particle at 32.604 units, the mass of another related particle at 204.897 units, and the mass of a third related particle at 4452.767 units. For a while, this is just how things are – it seems to be an irreducible brute fact about the universe. Then some theorist notices that if you set the mass of the first particle as x, then the second is 2πx and the third is 4/3 πx^2. They theorize that perhaps the quantum field forms some sort of extradimensional sphere, the first particle represents a diameter of a great circle of the sphere, the second the circumference of the great circle, and the third the volume of the sphere.

                  (please excuse the stupidity of my example, I don’t know enough about physics to come up with something that isn’t stupid, but I hope it will illustrate my point)

                  In fact, imagine that there are a hundred different particles, all with different masses, and all one hundred have masses that perfectly correspond to various mathematical properties of spheres.

                  Is the person who made this discovery doing Science? And should we consider their theory a useful contribution to physics?

                  I think the answer is clearly yes. But consider what this commits us to. Suppose the scientist came up with their Extradimensional Sphere hypothesis after learning the masses of the relevant particles, and so it has not predicted anything. Suppose the extradimensional sphere is outside normal space, curled up into some dimension we can’t possibly access or test without a particle accelerator the size of the moon. Suppose there are no undiscovered particles in this set that can be tested to see if they also reflect sphere-related parameters. This theory is exactly the kind of postempirical, metaphysical construct that the Aeon article savages.

                  But it’s really compelling. We have a hundred different particles, and this theory retrodicts the properties of each of them perfectly. And it’s so simple – just say the word “sphere” and the rest falls out naturally! You would have to be crazy not to think it was at least pretty plausible, or that the scientist who developed it had done some good work.

                  Nor do I think it seems right to say “The discovery that all of our unexplained variables perfectly match the parameters of a sphere is good, but the hypothesis that there really is a sphere is outside the bounds of Science.” That sounds too much like saying “It’s fine to say dinosaur bones have such-and-such characteristics, but we must never speculate about what kind of process produced them, or whether it involved actual dinosaurs”.

                  V.

                  My understanding of the multiverse debate is that it works the same way. Scientists observe the behavior of particles, and find that a multiverse explains that behavior more simply and elegantly than not-a-multiverse.

                  One (doubtless exaggerated) way I’ve heard multiverse proponents explain their position is like this: in certain situations the math declares two contradictory answers – in the classic example, Schrodinger’s cat will be both alive and dead. But when we open the box, we see only a dead cat or an alive cat, not both. Multiverse opponents say “Some unknown force steps in at the last second and destroys one of the possibility branches”. Multiverse proponents say “No it doesn’t, both possibility branches happen exactly the way the math says, and we end up in one of them.”

                  Taking this exaggerated dumbed-down account as exactly right, this sounds about as hard as the dinosaurs-vs-Satan example, in terms of figuring out which is more Occam’s Razor compliant. I’m sure the reality is more nuanced, but I think it can be judged by the same process. Perhaps this is the kind of reasoning that only gets us to a 90% probability there is a multiverse, rather than a 99.999999% one. But I think determining that theories have 90% probability is a reasonable scientific thing to do.

                  VI.

                  At times, the Aeon article seems to flirt with admitting that something like this is necessary:

                  Such problems were judged by philosophers of science to be insurmountable, and Popper’s falsifiability criterion was abandoned (though, curiously, it still lives on in the minds of many practising scientists). But rather than seek an alternative, in 1983 the philosopher Larry Laudan declared that the demarcation problem is actually intractable, and must therefore be a pseudo-problem. He argued that the real distinction is between knowledge that is reliable or unreliable, irrespective of its provenance, and claimed that terms such as ‘pseudoscience’ and ‘unscientific’ have no real meaning.

                  But it always jumps back from the precipice:

                  So, if we can’t make use of falsifiability, what do we use instead? I don’t think we have any real alternative but to adopt what I might call the empirical criterion. Demarcation is not some kind of binary yes-or-no, right-or-wrong, black-or-white judgment. We have to admit shades of grey. Popper himself was ready to accept this, [saying]:

                  “The criterion of demarcation cannot be an absolutely sharp one but will itself have degrees. There will be well-testable theories, hardly testable theories, and non-testable theories. Those which are non-testable are of no interest to empirical scientists. They may be described as metaphysical.”

                  Here, ‘testability’ implies only that a theory either makes contact, or holds some promise of making contact, with empirical evidence. It makes no presumptions about what we might do in light of the evidence. If the evidence verifies the theory, that’s great – we celebrate and start looking for another test. If the evidence fails to support the theory, then we might ponder for a while or tinker with the auxiliary assumptions. Either way, there’s a tension between the metaphysical content of the theory and the empirical data – a tension between the ideas and the facts – which prevents the metaphysics from getting completely out of hand. In this way, the metaphysics is tamed or ‘naturalised’, and we have something to work with. This is science.

                  But as we’ve seen, many things we really want to include as science are not testable: our credence for real dinosaurs over Satan planting fossils, our credence for Khafre building the Sphinx over Khufu or Atlanteans, or elegant patterns that explain the features of the universe like the Extradimensional-Sphere Theory.

                  The Aeon article is aware of Carroll’s work – which, along with the paragraph quoted in Section II above, includes a lot of detailed Bayesian reasoning encompassing everything I’ve discussed. But the article dismisses it in a few sentences:

                  Sean Carroll, a vocal advocate for the Many-Worlds interpretation, prefers abduction, or what he calls ‘inference to the best explanation’, which leaves us with theories that are merely ‘parsimonious’, a matter of judgment, and ‘still might reasonably be true’. But whose judgment? In the absence of facts, what constitutes ‘the best explanation’?

                  Carroll seeks to dress his notion of inference in the cloth of respectability provided by something called Bayesian probability theory, happily overlooking its entirely subjective nature. It’s a short step from here to the theorist-turned-philosopher Richard Dawid’s efforts to justify the string theory programme in terms of ‘theoretically confirmed theory’ and ‘non-empirical theory assessment’. The ‘best explanation’ is then based on a choice between purely metaphysical constructs, without reference to empirical evidence, based on the application of a probability theory that can be readily engineered to suit personal prejudices.

                  “A choice between purely metaphysical constructs, without reference to empirical evidence” sounds pretty bad, until you realize he’s talking about the same reasoning we use to determine that real dinosaurs are more likely than Satan planting fossils.

                  I don’t want to go over the exact ways in which Bayesian methods are subjective (which I think are overestimated) vs. objective. I think it’s more fruitful to point out that your brain is already using Bayesian methods to interpret the photons striking your eyes into this sentence, to make snap decisions about what sense the words are used in, and to integrate them into your model of the world. If Bayesian methods are good enough to give you every single piece of evidence about the nature of the external world that you have ever encountered in your entire life, I say they’re good enough for science.

                  Or if you don’t like that, you can use the explanation above, which barely uses the word “Bayes” at all and just describes everything in terms like “Occam’s Razor” and “you wouldn’t want to conclude something like that, would you?”

                  I know there are separate debates about whether this kind of reasoning-from-simplicity is actually good enough, when used by ordinary people, to consistently arrive at truth. Or whether it’s a productive way to conduct science that will give us good new theories, or a waste of everybody’s time. I sympathize with some these concerns, though I am nowhere near scientifically educated enough to have an actual opinion on the questions at play.

                  But I think it’s important to argue that even before you describe the advantages and disadvantages of the complicated Bayesian math that lets you do this, something like this has to be done. The untestable is a fundamental part of science, impossible to remove. We can debate how to explain it. But denying it isn’t an option.



                  Discuss
                            

                  Resistance Reborn Is an Exquisite Payoff to 4 Years of Star Wars' Reborn Expanded Universe

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                  The role of P/E multiples in determining investment returns

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                  Two of the most common fallacies of investing in the stock market are:


                  • P/E multiple of 10x is cheap and P/E multiple of 50x is expensive
                  • During time periods when P/E multiples of great companies compress, share prices of poor quality companies will outperform those of great companies.


                  Let’s do a quick statistical analysis to test these two points. As shown in the exhibits that follow, the BSE100 universe in India has had no significant correlation between starting period valuations (as at the beginning of the concerned period) and subsequent long-term returns, no matter which phase of the stock market one looks at.

                  Read more at https://marcellus.in/blogs/the-role-of-p-e-multiples-in-determining-investment-returns/

                            

                  Unwell

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                  I’m not doing very well. I’m having early signs of psychosis, particularly thinking that my universe is a parallel reality. I’m seeing “signs” meant only for me. I keep thinking people are out to get me or are agents of … Continue reading
                            

                  1) LE JEUDI 7/11:CHAMPIONNAT MENSUEL D'ECHECS RAPIDES DE LA COMMUNAUTE INTERNATIONALE DE PARIS.2)LE 9/11: 1ER MARATHON INTERNATIONAL DE BLITZ DE PARIS

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                  LE JEUDI 7 NOVEMBRE  2019
                  (de 19h à 21h) 

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                  Permission - You Are The Ultimate Authority! By Alia Mira

                  The 11:11 Gateway to Higher Consciousness By Shanta Gabriel & Archangel GabrielFrom the beginning of time there have been clear moments when the Portals of Awakening open for individuals to advance. The 11:11 Gateway is a collective, high-vibrational portal opening to assist the evolution of consciousness on the earth at this time.Stepping through the gateway in a figurative sense, allows you to move into your most Evolved Self, in oneness with All That Is. We will offer suggestions and visualizations so your imagination can help you to create a beautiful scenario to empower this Light-filled ritual.You have been coded within for this awakening moment. It is another step in the evolution of consciousness, one with great power and support. The Archangels stand at the gateway to hold you in love while offering you strength and courage to step into your new awakened life.Whenever the 11:11 presents itself, it acts as a daily reminder to take that one minute to hold your dreams in your heart, acknowledge the support available from the Angelic Realms, and have the courage to affirm your willingness to move into new dimensions of Love. Gathering momentum throughout these past 25 years, a new level of Union with your Angelic Self is available at this time that offers a wondrous moment of ascending liberation from old patterns.The new opportunities available beyond the 11:11 Gateway are greater awareness and the deeper truth of your choices and possibilities. The choice of many will be opting for the old way, and yet those who are attracted to this time of Grace, can avail themselves of the opportunity to soar, greatly empowered by the Archangels. This is a ceremony of conscious intention, in harmony with Divine Light that will accelerate the evolution of consciousness within you and on the Earth.Percolation and PerturbationIt is a time of percolation and perturbation. New perceptions of reality percolate through the energy centers within you. Perturbation occurs as these new perceptions hit the coding in the imaginal system of your body in ways that stir you to change, like the metamorphosis of the caterpillar to a beautiful butterfly.The Universe will stop at nothing to get your attention and encourage you to fulfill your Soul’s destiny. Perturbation is uncomfortable in its various demonstrations, making you feel very agitated.But know that all such catalysts are designed by your soul to bring you into a new level of evolution. Because the support of the Angelic Dimensions is so available, this portal in time offers you a graceful transition so you can see more clearly the world you are choosing to create on Earth while you assist its evolution.The 11:11 Gateway to the 5th Dimensional shifting of the Ages allows a harmonious flow of Divine Love into your being. This can impact the amygdala in the temporal lobe of your brain in ways that calm this flight or fight center and cause it to resume the dimensions of your original Divine blueprint.Over the years this fear center has been over-stimulated by the pressures, beliefs and electronics of this age. Much of what is called information is designed to increase the flow of fear energy to this center of the brain causing it to increase in size. The resulting surge of imbalances, such as panic disorders, PTSD and more serious psychiatric conditions have become obviously rampant.The flow of Divine Love through each person can create an expansion in perception, as though the veils have parted so that new clarity dawns. This increase in clarity incites a sense of liberation and the freedom of spiritual expression within your being.Prayers for the Earth to receive a positive benefit from this moment in time will be of great benefit. The release of pressure from the 11:11 Gateway is similar to the beginnings of a horse race when the horses are being held within the gate.As the gates are flung open, raw power surges forward and instincts take over. The rawness of this power requires careful training and guidance, so that it moves in directions that allow the goals to be reached and the reaping of rewards. Your prayers assist this process.The rewards from this time that we speak of are the prevalent desires of a heart seeking Oneness, Peace and Harmony within your being. Access to these exalted states exist beyond the Gateway. The Archangels stand present holding the forces of Light as pillars at the gate. You can claim this empowerment of Divine Love to use within your own life.Video - "11/11 Gateway - 5 Things You Need To Know" - https://youtu.be/5CgyXhvbz0wThe Intention of the 11:11 EmpowermentThe greater intention for this 11:11 empowerment has always been to ground Divine Energy into the depths of the Earth so that planetary evolution will prevail. As millions of awakened people access the Divine Light through the Gateways, Unity consciousness is the resulting force pervading the hearts of all humanity. Never doubt the miracle of Spontaneous Evolution as a creative possibility for the fifth dimensional shift on this planet. Asking for miracles at this time is very appropriateThe entwined spiral of the DNA is a strong image for this gateway experience. As the strands of the double helix intertwine in the subtle body, they connect the upper chakras in the energy sheath above the crown to Universal Presence.Spiraling down they connect the crown chakra through the core of the body to the base chakra. They continue from the base of your spine below the earth and connect to the energy sheath beneath the earth lighting up the twelve chakras of the subtle body.The image of the Double Helix of DNA strands acts as an allegory for the Glyph of Awakened Consciousness – as above, so below, this glyph represents Embodied Divinity upon an Earth that has become sacred.There is also a deep connection to the flow of Kundalini spiritual energy as it winds through the energy centers of the body. This subtle linking involves the two centers below your base chakra and the three above your crown for the 12 Chakras of subtle energy that are coming into completion with the 12:12. When you use this image, you are linking your Most Divine Spiritual Self with your human self, connected to the Earth through the core of your being.Union with the SelfThe 11:11 Gateway opens the way to this union within the Divine Self. You can use the image of the double helix to remind you of your alignment from Heaven to Earth. The Archangels stand ready to welcome you into the new creative power of exalted awareness. Retraining and guiding the fearful thoughts that plague your days are only a prayer away. Each prayer raises your frequency of energy and could be the one that unleashes the critical mass for Spontaneous Evolution on the planet. Imagine that your prayer is the turning point – the key that fits the doorway to Oneness.A Prayer for your Own Personal 11:11 CeremonyDivine Presence, All That is, and Archangels of Light:As I prepare to be guided through this 11:11 portal of time, I ask that the Light of Divine Love clear any disharmony within my energy field. I willingly let go of the burdens of old beliefs so I may stand tall and move freely through the gateways to Unity Consciousness.Within the spaciousness of my cleared energy field I ask that it be filled with the power of Divine Love, Harmony and Peace. I ask to receive the strength and courage to embody these fields of Divine Light and ground the presence of Love, Peace and Healing into the Earth to assist her evolution.I join with the Angelic Dimensions and the millions of those who work in the Light of God, as we are led through the 11:11 Gateway. I know that as one is lifted up, all are uplifted. I dance through the Light-filled gateways feeling your guidance and knowing that loving awareness for new possibilities in my life will be provided in every moment, with every heartbeat.I awaken in your Light and embrace the Divine Gifts being offered to me now with supreme gratitude. You are giving me the Divine Connection to greater life and I gratefully receive this. I am honored to anchor this Light into the Earth as the presence of Nature awaits my awareness.Hold me with Love and guide me as I step through this gateway into 5th Dimensional awareness so I may use your Divine Love to bring greater Life, Peace and Joy through my being and be a blessing for the Earth.For this and all your blessings, I say Thank you. Thank you. Thank you.So be it, Be it so. AmenThe new levels of 5th Dimensional awareness that are available beyond this gateway can impact all aspects of your being. You are being offered a supported and liberating path through these exalted portals to new territory for your Soul’s growth on Earth.The 11:11 Gateway is a supreme moment of time, yet the Divine Light causing evolution within you during this moment, is a gift from a Timeless Reality that is in harmony with All of Life.And so it is.Shanta Gabriel For Archangel Gabriel www.shantagabriel.com/ - "Implant-Device Removal Meditation: Neutralising 4D Interference Technologies" By Steve Nobel - https://youtu.be/lUSr6DAqwfc...Permission - You Are The Ultimate Authority! By Alia MiraAlia,The subtle, inner landscape of infinite clarity and knowing can open more fully, if you cultivate your relationship with the Divine You. And your capacity for divinely shaping life can shift by considering what you give your allegiance to. In this week's new channeled message the Council of Radiant Light opens up our awareness by inviting us to step more fully into our CREATOR role in life.Have a wonderful week! With love, AiliaCouncil of Radiant Light's Message.....So many of you, dear ones, wait for signs. Feel uncertain more often than you’d like.You look for validation. Seek echoes of your own inner knowing. Ask other people "what you should do…"And in your experience we are not questioning the joy of sharing your process, the fun of the non-physical communicating with you and lighting the way, or any other aspect of your unfolding. But we do wish to highlight one essential aspect of the experience of how you live and how you decide what to do, what you can have, what you can’t do, what you can’t have and it is this: Does the permission for your choices comes from within?You alone can give yourself permission to answer the inner calls to more life. You alone know what feels true for you, now, what’s current with who you are, what’s open for you.As you receive guidance, insight, nudges, a sense of how your life would be better for you, feel better, in essence, or be more what you'd like to experience and feel, only you can give yourself permission to step into this new vision of life.So many of you actually have very clear knowing about what you would like to create in your experience. About the vision of your life which is fuller then you experience it now and yet, you hold back. You wait. You want more details about what it will take. You want to know all the steps and then be able to decide, “Hmmmm…do I want to do that?” Since you don’t have all the steps - only the first one, or the idea, you think this means what you want is far off. Maybe, maybe not.Often, you focus on the vision - creating more and more energy around it, but also introducing resistance to it because you are afraid to claim what you know. You feel you can’t really have it. You don’t yet have the inner thought-patterns of the version of you that is living that life - you have to build that resonance, and you’ve not done it. Yet.You are afraid it's not possible. You're afraid you don't deserve it. You're afraid it cannot happen as good as you dream it. You're afraid it won't fit with what your life is like currently and you don't know how to make that work. You're afraid to let go of what's standing between you and this. You're afraid of what people will think, what they will say. You're afraid of what happens if you fail, of what happens if your guidance is wrong, of what happens even if you GET IT ALL and how people will look at you and what it all means.This is all simply part of being human. And so you have to work with all this. All of the things that stand between you and your vision of life as you'd love to know it, are invitations to your own capacity and wholeness and your trusting relationship with YOU, being claimed, that's how this works.Visions of life expand you into more fullness. As a result new visions arise. You are eternally extending more and more into form and creating more and more experiences and connections, situations and outcomes from your focus, combined with the energetic standards or preferences of your being. And so you summon, summon, summon and when you are opening to it and stepping into what opens, then life can be a pretty graceful. The flow feels natural - it’s an amazing thing. When you hesitate, or welcome some part but not another, then you start to muck it up. You start controlling it because you’re nervous, or unsure you can actually have what you want. Because you still think about the part you did not welcome, you split your energy.Presence-wise, you do not step into it, but you do not let it go either. And herein lies the rub as they say, for in doing so you confuse yourself - the split energy generates doubt and conflicting ideas come into your thoughts.What comes to you as knowing is part of a complex web of synchronicity and beauty and which answers your call to your own fullness. If you do not feel inclined or able to step into something, then truly let it go. If it arises again, then the opening and the alignment is again an option. If not, another variation on the theme will show up if you continue to summon it. There are endless options for creating the experience you seek, not one, not just one, there is not one true love, not one perfect job, not one perfect home, and yet in any moment there is an exact arrangement of openings in alignment with the energy you are summoning... and so as you step into some and not others, or walk through all. You further the creation of the situations which speak to the new harmonies you are embodying now.Each now is a present created and existing as certain harmonies and frequencies and amplification and standards through presence and it calls forth particular openings and presents you with certain situations that meet you where you are in focus and form. So dear ones, it is up to you to say YES! To answer the call, when and if you are ready. But to also make these answers definitive. Not ambivalent.Make decisions. Trust yourself. Go all in with what feels right. Change your mind when you want. Be in complete and total alignment with what feels right to you now and give yourself absolute freedom to change at a moment's notice if something else becomes more beautiful, alluring, attractive or of interest to you to experience.Stop editing your joy by being so careful about each and every step. Take more steps and have more joy, experiment more! Be playful. Let life flow with more freedom and you will experience more and more of the abundance, in all forms, that you know really is the true nature of your being.In this relationship to knowing yourself by feeling within you for what calls to you - you are always feeling the divine flow. Always tuning to the possibilities for more joy. And you know - you feel clear.There are specific ideas which arise within you. When you're hungry you think specifically of mushroom pizza, while another person feel specifically “tuna sushi.” Even in this small details the specificity of your energy presence is summoning the situations and openings which align with you, NOW! And there is great freedom in this if you allow it.Of course and most naturally one of the implications of living with this abundant flow and ease and grace and joy is that there will be, most naturally and most beautifully a lot of dynamic changes and situations which open and present to you! You will have many of those kinds of things happen to you for which people will say, "Wow -- you're so LUCKY!" and you will clarify if you feel like it that actually it's just about creating intentionally with your presence. Or not, you could say nothing and just smile. And inside you might feel doubt, like "How did I do this? Will it last?"This happens often until you really learn to trust yourself. So when it does, we encourage you in this moment to smile at yourself and say reassuring things. This is the time to activate and call forth your inner cheerleader who says, "rah! rah! you're awesome! You did this! you can do more!Get used to it! Life is going to rock and it's not going to stop! And you can take it at your own pace lovely! And how amazing that for so long you felt afraid when something good happened, but that is all going to gradually go away as you claim your new capacity and in this new capacity your relationship to change is going to change.And it's not that you need to live an experience of dramatic, perpetual change in all ways, and it's not that you cannot have things that you live with and build upon and enjoy. It's just that within your life there will be a lighter touch toward it all, a sense of openness to living it as it's meaningful and always being available to the leading edge of the DIVINE YOU, which is calling you to extend more into form and evolve and create and expand and be increasingly more present and more fulfilled. Life is trying to exalt you, beloved. Do you hear that - exalt.So this is already happening to one degree or another within your life and each of you really already know what is right for you next in so many ways and the thing is simply this: permission comes from within your heart. And you can give it to yourself without knowing all the details, in fact it's easier if you leave those up to all that is and your own higher levels.Just say yes to what feels good or right or true to you now and MOVE! Merge with the flow. Feel for it. Move into the newness to allow your Divine Self to come forth.Embrace and live whatever part of it is available now and just say yes, letting the rest present and occur to you as ideas and situations that you can step into and create from. And please let yourself do this knowing its natural for you and it's a gift from All That You Are, and All That is to the presence that is here which is making all of this possible and now which increasingly is containing the fulness of your being and making this expression increasingly joy-filled and knowing.We love you! We encourage you to love yourself enough to say YES to what you want, love and what calls to you, now.We are the Council of Radiant LightVideo - "Judy Satori - Experience Your Authentic Divine Self In The Inner Stillness"https://youtu.be/7NFtViHYNxI...See More

                            

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                  Letters on Angela Davis, the Bureau of Study Counsel, climate change, and more

                  November-December 2019 Opinion

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                  Angela Davis, Bureau of Study Counsel, climate change
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                  Crime and Incarceration

                  The article about Elizabeth Hinton (“Color and Incarceration,” by Lydialyle Gibson, September-October, page 40) included an observation by Hinton when she visited a loved one inside a California prison and saw “all these black and brown families.” I work for the Anti-Recidivism Coalition (ARC), dedicated to helping incarcerated men and women successfully transition back into society and reform our criminal justice system. I have walked into numerous prisons in California, which has one of the world’s largest prison systems. Each time I step into one of these institutions, my breath is taken away by the image of a sea of black and brown bodies in oversized blue prison uniforms, slowly pacing these prison yards in a fog of hopelessness.

                  I’ve also seen how education can help break through this fog. Sam Lewis, ARC’s executive director, often speaks with me about how education dramatically changed his life during his 24 years of incarceration in a California prison. I applaud and second Hinton’s call for Harvard to invest in prison education. Education is and will continue to be critical in developing the leadership of those most impacted by our justice system. As an alum, I would love to see Harvard lead in this effort.

                  Bikila Ochoa, Ph.D. ’09
                  Los Angeles

                  Speak Up, Please

                  Harvard Magazine welcomes letters on its contents. Please write to “Letters,” Harvard Magazine, 7 Ware Street, Cambridge 02138, or send comments by email to yourturn@harvard.edu.

                   

                  Hinton’s critique of our criminal justice system, and her call for policy reform, are compelling and convincing. But aside from a few casual references, the article ignores an essential dimension of the story: the victims. It is as if none of the incarcerated had committed an offense graver than possession of recreational drugs. Yet in many if not most cases, the victims of crime are from the same disadvantaged socioeconomic, racial, or ethnic groups as the perpetrators. Moreover, victim compensation, sometimes in lieu of incarceration, should be a key element of humane and effective offender rehabilitation.

                  In portraying the perpetrators as the victims, the author airbrushes the real victims out of the story. Truly, justice is blind.

                  Andrew Sorokowski, A.M. ’75
                  Rockville, Md.

                  The article was disappointing because it left out an important part of the story. Gibson overlooked James Forman Jr.’s book, Locking Up Our Own, subtitled Crime and Punishment in Black America, which won the Pulitzer Prize for general nonfiction in 2018. I am interested in the topic because I have been a criminal defense lawyer for most of my career, beginning in 1981.

                  The article sums up Hinton’s book as:

                  [telling] the story of how federal policies—shaped by presidential administrations and endorsed by Congress—ratcheted up surveillance and punishment in black urban neighborhoods from the 1960s through the 1980s, how criminalization was steadily expanded, and how all of this was driven by deeply held assumptions about the cultural and behavioral inferiority of black Americans.

                  Gibson overlooks the most important point of Locking Up Our Own: that “amid a surge in crime and drug addiction,” black mayors, judges, and police chiefs who took office in the 1970s, “fearing that the gains of the civil rights movement were being undermined by lawlessness, embraced tough-on-crime measures, including longer sentences and aggressive police tactics” (as the dust jacket puts it). Those officials responded to the demands of black people to do something about the crime in their neighborhoods.

                  There were big changes in the late 1980s with the advent of the federal sentencing guidelines. Drug cases, even for small amounts of illegal drugs, were prosecuted in federal court instead of state court to take advantage of long mandatory minimum sentences. While many black people were sentenced to prison for crimes involving crack cocaine in urban areas, white people were imprisoned for methamphetamine offenses in rural areas.

                  Helping Hands

                  We warmly thank readers who help support publication of Harvard Magazine. Donors during the past year are recognized in the print version of this issue. Your contributions (and advertising revenues) underpin this nonprofit enterprise; the remaining operating deficit is funded by a subvention from the Harvard president’s office. (The magazine’s finances are described further at harvardmagazine.com/why-donate.)

                  We hope that readers and others who are interested in faculty members’ research will enjoy the new “Ask a Harvard Professor” podcast. To learn more and to subscribe, go to harvardmag.com/podcast. If the initial season, now under way, finds an audience (please spread the word!) and attracts support, we will make this effort a regular part of our service on readers’—and listeners’—behalf.

                  ~The Editors

                   

                  In effect, our country decided to treat illegal drug possession and sales as a criminal-justice problem instead of a public-health challenge. Many public officials, black and white, were making decisions with the best of intentions that resulted in what is now called mass incarceration. Fear of crime motivated all races to do something. I hope Hinton is telling the whole story to her classes about how we got to now.

                  Patrick Deaton, M.P.A. ’87
                  St. Louis

                  The statistics are painfully clear: 50 percent of U.S. murders are committed by 6 percent of our population, black males. A very high violent crime rate in black communities requires police presence to (a) protect potential victims, mostly black, and (b) deter more serious crime. But Hinton concludes that history and white racism are to blame for black crime and imprisonment. Are we to believe that the black community bears no responsibility for its behavior?

                  Richard Merlo ’57
                  Elkin, N.C.

                  “Color and Incarceration” tells a tragic story. To the extent Hinton’s and others’ research in this field defines the problems to be solved, it is useful. This past August 30, Norfolk, Virginia’s, black police chief said, after a bloody week in which 10 people were shot and 5 killed, he is forming a committee to address the public-health crisis of young black men and gun violence the in the same way that they look at the opioid crisis. This means looking at poverty, education, and children regularly witnessing and being victims of gun violence. Black men are either suspect or victim in 93 percent of shootings in Norfolk, often both.

                  The chief said those demographics have persisted throughout his 30-year career. Black men were victims in 71 percent of the 450 homicides from 2006 to 2017. In the 320 killings in which police arrested someone, that suspect was black 78 percent of the time. He has been saying to groups: Guns are everywhere, shooters are getting younger, and Norfolk residents aren’t energized enough.

                  The racial makeup of Norfolk is : 47.1 percent white; 43.1 percent African American; 0.5 percent Native American; 3.3 percent Asian; 0.2 percent Pacific Islander; 2.2 percent other races; and 3.6 percent two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.6 percent.

                  Where are the calls for Pareto analyses and research that help will help us set things right?

                  Robert Armour, M.B.A. ’67
                  Virginia Beach, Va.

                   

                  Professor Elizabeth Hinton seems to view poverty and racial oppression as the underlying causes of violent crime.

                  The homicide offending rate for blacks in St. Louis is about 116 per 100,000 (https://www.slmpd.org/images/2018_Homicide_Stats_for_Website.pdf). This is 13 times the rate of 9 per 100,000 in New York City (https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/nypd/downloads/pdf/analysis_and_planning/yea....). The poverty rate in St. Louis is 23 percent, versus 19 percent in New York City.

                  New York City’s overall homicide rate declined from 31 per 100,000 in 1990 to 3.4 per 100,000 in 2018. Its poverty rate was 19 percent in both years.

                  Varying levels of poverty and racial oppression do not explain the homicide offending rate for blacks being 13 times higher in St. Louis than in New York City or the 90 percent decline in New York City’s homicide rate since 1990. What does?

                  Andrew Campbell ’74
                  Ann Arbor, Mich.

                   

                  Elizabeth Hinton has done valuable research, but the her book From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime and the article give a misleading picture of the origin of the dramatic growth in our prison population. Chronological plots of crime statistics from Baltimore* and Massachusetts offer a better picture of what happened (*FBI UCR Crime data from a student research project led by me at George Mason University [in preparation]).

                   A combination of factors including rise in drug use and other developments in the 1960s led to a huge surge in crime nationwide. This ultimately led to a bipartisan-supported increase in police resources and stiffening of sentencing that peaked with the 1994 Violent Crime Control Act. The Baltimore plot suggests it had major effect in reducing crime. 

                  Blacks bore the brunt of increased incarceration because higher percentages lived in poverty-burdened neighborhoods that are breeding grounds for crime. The anti-crime movement overreacted—a typical American behavior—but was fundamentally motivated against lawlessness, not a vendetta against African Americans. 

                  Frank T. Manheim ’52
                  Fairfax, Va.

                  Angela Davis

                  Harvard Magazine’s hagiographic paean to Angela Davis (“Revisiting Angela Davis,” the sidebar to “Color and Incarceration,” September-October, page 44) at least does touch on reality by noting a few of the details of her part in a horrible terrorist murder in the 1970s. Too bad the tone about that incident is so forgiving and low key.

                  However, to then pass off her totalitarian sympathies by simply saying she was a “member” of the Communist Party is an outrageous evasion. She was the vice presidential candidate of the American Communist Party twice, supported the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, and was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1979 in Moscow. It’s nice that Davis cares, or says she does, about prisoners in this country. However, when Czech dissident Jeri Pelikan publicly called on her to defend his imprisoned dissident comrades, she refused. When Alan Dershowitz asked her to support Eastern bloc political prisoners, she told him that “they are all Zionist fascists and opponents of socialism.” Which of course calls attention to her strong support for the anti-Zionist BDS movement, which aims to dismantle the Jewish homeland.

                  Angela Davis is a thoroughly reprehensible extreme leftist and a hypocrite when it comes to prisoners’ rights. It is a shame that such a puff piece on her made it into your pages, and it is a disgrace for Harvard to have anything to do with glorifying or honoring her.

                  Jonathan Burack ’64
                  East Lansing, Mich.

                  In “Revisiting Angela Davis,” on the exciting, upcoming exhibit from the papers of Angela Davis recently acquired by the Schlesinger Library, there is a questionable characterization of the “attack on the Marin County Courthouse” in 1970 that resulted in her arrest and trial on multiple charges related to this event.

                  Often referred to as the August 7 Revolt or Rebellion, the courthouse action was initiated by Jonathan Jackson, the younger brother of George Jackson, who was the most influential of the radical black prisoners referred to as the Soledad Brothers after being accused of the murder of a guard in the California state prison of that name. The sidebar states that the courthouse action was “intended to free the Soledad Brothers but instead left four people dead…,” a claim that was actually used by the prosecution in her trial to support the argument that Davis’s personal relationship with George Jackson was the principal motive for her involvement with the incident. The prosecution could not present definitive evidence for this claim, as detailed in Davis’s Autobiography, describing the cross-examination of chief prosecutor Albert Harris by the defense on that point. The implication that the four deaths resulting from the action were attributable to the brutality of Jackson and three militant prisoners during that incident was also contested in the cross-examination. Jonathan Jackson, prisoners James McClain and William Christmas, and Judge Haley were shot and killed inside a van by San Quentin guards in line with the policy at that time that all escapes must be prevented, even if the killing of hostages might be involved.

                  Anna Wexler, Ed.D. ’98
                  Jamaica Plain, Mass.

                  Bureau of Study Counsel

                  We are the five living former directors and associate directors of the Bureau of Study Counsel (BSC), representing nearly a half-century (1971-2019) of the BSC’s existence since its founding in the mid 1940s. We are concerned about the characterizations of the bureau offered as justification for its closing (“Bureau of Study Counsel, R.I.P.”; harvardmag.com/bsc-to-arc-19). We appreciate the magazine’s recognition that something important to students’ educational experience will likely be lost (“A Chill in the Air?” September-October, page 5). In our direct and extensive experiences of the BSC, we know it as an office that is deeply committed to an educational mission and model and that has continuously evolved to support the learning and developmental needs of an ever-changing student population.

                  The primary mission of the BSC has always been educational. BSC services have helped students sharpen their academic skills (reading, time management, problem-solving) with the broader goal of helping each student develop an independent mind that can, among other things, take thoughtful perspective on sources of knowledge and authority; reckon with complexity and uncertainty; generate and evaluate new possibilities; engage difficult endeavors with rigor and purpose; and weigh choices and consequences against deeply considered values. These capabilities are central to the College’s mission and the aims of a liberal arts and sciences education and are as relevant today as they were in the post-World War II era of the BSC’s founding.

                  When the College hired a new director in 2005, it expressly reconfirmed the BSC’s mission as an academic support office, not a mental-health service—a clarification that was necessary given that Harvard had moved oversight of the BSC to the University Health Services the previous year (a shift which the BSC counselors at that time cautioned against). In 2015, the staff welcomed the move back to the College as a renewed endorsement of the BSC’s original and continuing focus on learning and development.

                  During the last few decades, at Harvard and beyond, the term “mental health” has slipped almost unquestioned into everyday parlance and has become overly applied to human experience, including the inherently personal and emotional aspects of education and learning. The best educational/developmental support welcomes the rich complex whole of students’ experience of learning. Although such support—including that offered by the BSC—is appropriately informed by the fields of psychology and neuroscience, it is not mental-health treatment.

                  Listening closely to students’ experiences of learning has helped the BSC staff identify and bring early attention to emerging educational issues and trends—often long in advance of these becoming College priorities—including diversity, inclusion, and belonging in the University; plagiarism and academic integrity; academic stress and resilience; the role of technology in the college experience; and the value of a holistic approach to learning and development. The BSC has a longstanding record of hiring diverse staff from the fields of education and psychology as well as a history of drawing upon and contributing to evolving models and materials in the field of student learning and development.

                  For over 70 years the BSC has provided an educational setting in which students from every background have found the practical support, illuminating perspectives, and personal courage needed to engage in transformational learning. We five educators who lived and led two-thirds of the BSC’s long history are grateful to have been a part of such an innovative and inclusive learning service dedicated to promoting the intellectual and ethical development of our students.

                  Suzanne Renna, Ed.D. ’88
                  Former associate director and
                  former acting director

                  Ann Fleck-Henderson ’64, Ph.D.
                  Former associate director

                  Jean Wu, Ed.D. ’84
                  Former associate director

                  Abigail Lipson, Ph.D.
                  Former director

                  Sheila Reindl ’80, Ed.D. ’95
                  Former associate director

                  Climate Change

                  In an essay on “Climate Change” [President Lawrence S. Bacow’s regular letter to readers, September-October, page 3], it is stated that “The scientific consensus is by now clear:” Convenient, because there is not a word in the article to support this so-called science. Nor is there any mention that carbon dioxide, a small fraction of one-half of 1 percent of the earth’s atmosphere, is essential for plant life, and so for all life on earth—including us. One shudders to think how long life could “flourish” in this academically ideal “decarbonized future.”

                  Of course, the “scientific consensus” on the structure of the universe was settled by Ptolemy, creation by the Bible, gravity by Newton—until someone like Galileo, or Darwin, or Einstein, with the imagination and courage to challenge consensus, follow-the-crowd thinking came along. One hopes for something better from a major university. Nullius in verba.

                  William J. Jones, J.D. ’60
                  Warren, N.J.

                  Editor’s note: The nearly universal scientific consensus, worldwide and among Harvard experts, is that increased man-made emissions of heat-trapping gases such as carbon dioxide and methane are accelerating the warming of the planet and climate change—as has been scientifically predicted for decades. No one disputes that plants use carbon dioxide. Decarbonization refers to reducing man-made emissions from combusting fossil fuels, burning forests, and so on—not to changing the natural chemistry of the atmosphere. The magazine’s extensive coverage of these issues is searchable online at www.harvardmagazine.com; the president’s letter is about University affairs from his perspective, not an article or a report summarizing the underlying science.

                   

                  I read with admiration and sadness the Undergraduate column by Isa Flores-Jones ’19, who writes of the disempowerment she felt as a climate activist trying, in vain, to convince Harvard to divest its holdings from oil and gas companies before her graduation (“Movement Ecology,” September-October, page 35). As Undergraduate columnist from 1985 to 1987, I well remember the “Divest Now” balloon tethered to my and many classmates’ graduation mortar boards—referring not to the University’s fossil-fuel assets, but to holdings in companies doing business with then-apartheid South Africa.

                  Then, as now, the Overseers made student activists feel they had no agency. As Flores-Jones describes: they listened politely, acknowledged students’ quaint idealism, and disclaimed any power to change the status quo. Affirmation and moral conviction came, instead, from afar: a graduation-day phone call from Archbishop Desmond Tutu to student movement leaders, assuring them their efforts would matter in the end. And matter they did.

                  Although the lesson of history is that we don’t learn from history, the denouement of the present divestment story seems particularly obvious. Couldn’t Harvard simply cut to the finish, and show that America’s most powerful institutions can occasionally be leaders rather than laggards?

                  Claudia Polsky ’87
                  Associate clinical professor of law
                  and director, Environmental Law Clinic
                  UC, Berkeley School of Law

                  I write to challenge President Bacow’s call for a “decarbonized future.” While all scientists agree that the earth has warmed and is still warming since the end of the Little Ice Age in 1850, there is no “consensus” that anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) is the cause of either past or future warming. See, e.g., www.PetitionProject.org, where 31,487 scientists expressly dispute the “consensus” to which President Bacow erroneously refers. In my view, the current climate-change hysteria is based solely upon the projections of several dozen relatively crude and defective computer climate models. All of those models assume their own conclusion that: current and future anthropogenic CO2 will “cause” the glaciers to melt, the seas to rise, and shorelines to disappear. I liken the scary predictions of those modelers to the Wizard of Oz. President Obama has appropriately disregarded all of that CO2 hysteria and recently purchased his dream home on the immediate shoreline of Martha’s Vineyard Island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. He obviously has no fear of future sea-level rise.

                  Ten years ago, two distinguished German physicists destroyed the modelers’ unsupported CO2 hypothesis (see “Falsification of the Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse Effects Within the Frame of Physics,” by Gerhard Gerlich and Ralf D. Tscheuschner, Int.J.Mod.Phys.B, vol. 23, no. 3, 2009). Since that time, no physicist at Harvard, or any other institution, has even attempted, much less succeeded, in showing that Gerlich and Tscheuschner’s falsification of the “anthropogenic CO2 warming hypothesis” is scientifically incorrect. Because there is no valid scientific evidence that the “anthropogenic CO2 warming hypothesis” has any basis in physics and/or the real world, there is obviously no need to put the entire world through the unimaginable and impossible task of “decarbonization.”

                  Don W. Crockett, J.D. ’66
                  Washington, D.C.

                  President Bacow in his essay says, “If the future is our genuine concern, we must face up to the stark reality of climate change.” He proceeds to tout Harvard’s “research, education, and engagement” but refers to the reasonable demand that Harvard act on its principles by divesting from its fossil-fuel investments only by noting that the debate about divestment “will no doubt continue.” What is he waiting for? How long can Harvard continue to urge its employees and students to recycle their cups while avoiding taking the ethical step—and showing true leadership among universities—by divesting? And he doesn’t even mention the advocacy for Harvard to divest from its investments in prisons, which are huge parts of a greedy and profoundly racist and classist set of enterprises.

                  Paula J. Caplan ’69 
                  Associate, Du Bois Institute, Hutchins Center for 
                  African and African American Research
                  Cambridge

                  Relative to the health of Mother Earth, the question is whether divestment is primarily a moral or a practical issue. Due to insatiable demand, the overuse of fossil fuels may be permanently damaging the planet; consumption is out of control, for political and economic reasons only indirectly related to good and evil. Thus the corruption of the fossil-fuel industry, and whether or not using a plastic toothbrush is morally superior to smoking a cigarette, are both incidental; unchecked consumption is the issue, regardless of the moral character of fossil-fuel sellers who merely supply the market with what it wants. And because they sell to anyone, as far as good and evil are concerned it is their absence of morality that should concern us; cold, mercenary, and devoid of conscience, they bargain with saints and sinners alike. This is what an Exxon share really signifies—a for-profit investment in a ruthless trade that does not trouble itself with delicate matters of conscience, and soils its hands as conditions require.

                  So the least the apologists for fossil-fuel investment can do is stop patronizing us with their pseudo-moral arguments of convenience—for the sake of intellectual honesty, if nothing else. Otherwise we must take their position for what it is: a timid, unprincipled concession to the raw power of a worldwide behemoth, to which many research universities are now attached like remoras to the back of a whale. And since we are known by the company we keep, we are left with two questions; for what do we stand, and how will we be remembered. Slavery once had its share of ardent defenders who saw positive moral good in it; how long, then, will it take the fossil-fuel apologists to see the bankruptcy of their position for themselves.

                  Frank Morgan ’73, Ds ’79
                  Wrightsville, Pa.

                  In his September message to the Harvard community, President Bacow summarized his concerns on climate change and fossil fuels: Climate change is a crisis…fossil fuels are the problem…We hope to be fossil-fuel free by 2050. 

                  Is the “We” President Bacow is referring to, to make all buildings of the Harvard community fossil-free by 2050? If so, how would one measure the cost and benefit to the University? Or is “We” referring to a larger entity?

                  As we debate the extent and location of “Climate Change” problems, we must not forget the Hockey Stick hoax of East Anglia University, which most agree was based on manipulated data. 

                  On August 8, 2019, there was a United Nations Intergovernmental Panel that announced that global warming was devastating crop production and threatening food shortages. This news was contradicted 20 days later, by a Wall Street Journal article that global crop production is setting new records. 

                  I would like to see a report by a skilled scientist of the Harvard community evaluate the research done by the petroleum engineer Robert Rapier in his paper, published by Forbes on July 1, 2018, titled “China emits more carbon dioxide then the U.S. and EU Combined.” Rapier’s statistics indicate a substantial growth of global emissions of CO2 between 1990 and 2017 from 11 to 18 billion tons/year. In 1990, free Europe and the U.S. combined emitted 9 billion tons, and in 2017 it dropped to 8 billion tons. During the same period the emissions of CO2 in China increased from 2 to 10 billion tons. 

                  A question for our Harvard community should be, what is the measure we should be using in defining the dangers of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere?. And what is the view of Professor William Happer of Princeton? 

                  David Scott ’51, M.B.A. ’53 
                  Dover, N.H. 

                  I was disappointed by Mr. Bacow’s column, particularly by his comment that “The scientific consensus is by now clear.”

                  While periodically scientific consensus may be clear, it is never immutable nor settled. Science is based on observation; and as we continue to observe more and gain more facts, scientific consensus moves on.

                  The “scientific consensus” was settled that everything revolved around the earth before Galileo. In the Soviet Union, the “scientific consensus” was settled under the Lysenkoist theory that changes to living beings could be passed on genetically. And so on.

                  I would also observe that “climate change” is and always has been ongoing. As far as I can understand, the earth’s climate has been changing for several million years. It is hard to know what exactly is different right now and why we should suddenly be alarmed about a process that does predate us by the aforementioned several million years and which seems not to have resulted in catastrophe for tens of thousands of years (ever since the last Ice Age.)

                  I applaud Mr. Bacow’s call for additional research. But the president of Harvard, of all people, should not indulge in unscientific and even anti-scientific appeals to a current consensus.

                  Tom Neagle, M.B.A. ’72
                  Fort Mill, S.C.

                   Larry Bacow’s climate-change column was the most globally important piece I recall reading in Harvard magazine in decades.

                  By way of background for this comment, I spent many years studying various fields of science before becoming a Humphrey Fellow at Harvard Business School a lifetime ago. With my M.B.A. degree in hand, I worked as a management consultant for Arthur D. Little Inc., then headed up a similar but smaller firm with a reputation for high-quality consulting work. From this education and experience, through HBS, ADL, and a nearly 40-year-long career, I learned how to sort out the real from the fake, and the important from the trivial. 

                  Now, as a parent, a grandparent, and someone who cares about other people, I feel obligated to speak up and say that no truer words have been written about climate change and its overarching importance than those in Larry’s column. World-famous scientists who understand climate change, including many at Harvard, shake their heads in sad disbelief at the huge gap between their fact-based concern for our future and the widespread nonchalance of the general public—not to mention the outright denial among some.

                  Larry’s column provides a welcome and overdue brightening of the glimmers of climate-change light that now emanate from various Harvard schools, including HBS. For that I am grateful. Now it’s time for Harvard, the university that educates leaders who make a difference in the world, to show others the way forward by establishing a University Climate Initiative to put Harvard at the cutting edge of this critical existential issue.

                  Roger Shamel, M.B.A. ’74
                  Hillsborough, N.H.

                  The global warming alarms that sounded late in the last century initially were very troubling. But time was not kind to the alarmists, who have since been discredited: none of their dire forecasts has come to pass. We’ve had no temperature increase at all over the past 20 years, even as atmospheric CO2 concentration continues to rise steadily.

                  Agreement seems to be emerging among numerous credible scientists that:

                  • CO2 probably is not a significant factor in global warming. There certainly is no “consensus” to the contrary, and studies claiming to have found one have been refuted.
                  • Warming and cooling cycles occur through natural forces which we can’t control, with solar activity likely being one of the most important.
                  • CO2 is a good thing, not a bad thing, and so are fossil fuels. Increased atmospheric CO2 produces many beneficial effects on natural plant and animal environments.

                  Thus, I was very disappointed to read Harvard president Larry Bacow’s “View From Mass Hall: Climate Change.” He merely parrots the popular media narrative: “…we must face up to the stark reality of climate change. The scientific consensus is by now clear: the threat is real, the potential consequences are grave, and the time to focus on solutions is now.”

                  Well, no, not really. That is to view climate change from the alarmist extreme of the debate.

                  Many respected scientists now know better; they offer a more balanced view of things. Future generations may well look back upon the climate change panic as the worst case of mass hysteria since the Church of Rome convulsed over Galileo. Too bad that Harvard’s leadership is following politics, not science, doing little to calm the hysteria or expose the decarbonization mania for the folly that it is.

                  Robert E. Price, M.B.A. ’71
                  Franklin, N.C.

                  Baseball’s Rules

                  Jacob Sweet’s baseball profile, “All Instincts” (May-June, page 32), states that a batter cannot steal first base. But a batter may attempt to steal first on a wild pitch when there are no on-base runners.

                  Paul Coran
                  Rockville, Md.

                  Jacob Sweet clarifies: This is true in the independent Atlantic League as of July, but not in college baseball or MLB as of press time.

                  About That Vole

                  Although I greatly appreciated the article about me (“A New Way of Being in the World,” September-October, page 67), there’s something I would like to clarify. The article ends with a vole who is cornered on my porch by two of my cats. She knows she can’t escape, she believes the end has come, and she covers her eyes with her hands. That part’s okay, but I’ve had some criticism from readers for letting this happen, and the truth (which didn’t appear in the article) is that I didn’t let it happen. I ran toward the cats, shouting at them, they turned to look at me, the vole saw she had a moment to escape, and she dashed away to safety. That’s in the book, and I’d appreciate your publishing this letter so readers won’t think too badly of me.

                  Elizabeth Marshall Thomas ’54
                  Peterborough, N.H.

                  Kudos

                  Thank you and Nell Porter Brown for the “Explorations and Curiosities” series (Harvard Squared). It’s drawn our attention to all kinds of experiences we would have missed otherwise—just last week we spent a wonderful afternoon at the fascinating Public Health Museum in Tewksbury, which I wouldn’t have known about without Porter Brown’s article in the magazine.

                  Tara Kelly ’91
                  Gloucester, Mass.

                  I enjoyed All in a Day about Worcester (“Purgatory—and Beyond,” Harvard Squared, September-October, page 16N). But I was sorry it did not mention the great Korean restaurant Simjang. The food is outstanding, the staff welcoming; they even hosted a poetry reading where I had a chance to share some of my own dishes of poems about Korea. I hope others discover Simjang, too.

                  David McCann
                  Korea Foundation professor of
                  Korean literature emeritus
                  Watertown, Mass.

                  Nell Porter Brown’s feature on “Purgatory—and Beyond” brought me to full attention.

                  I haven’t thought of Purgatory in Sutton, Massachusetts, for decades. It was a destination for a few summer outings for us kids coming from the heat of the nearby city of Worcester. Although it lacked a swimming hole, the rocks provided entertainment sufficient for an afternoon. Thanks for the photo and for the text which stirred some very good memories, and which in turn inspired the poem I attach.

                  Station Yourself on the Rock

                  Purgatory Chasm in Sutton, Mass.—
                  a geological anomaly—meant
                  more than that to you and me
                  (no scientists we at five and seven)
                  who had come with parents
                  to picnic a lifetime ago.
                  Pictures emerge in my mind
                  of sharp outcroppings of towering rock
                  intimidating in their seeming leaning
                  at a cautionary angle that said, Take care,
                  and we did, climbing that rocky place
                  named by Puritans as Purgatory
                  where the soul is cleansed by fire
                  before coming into the presence of God
                  enabled to bear the beatific vision
                  which otherwise it could not, recalling
                  Moses, hidden in rock and waiting to see
                  the glory of God pass by, but only
                  allowed the hindmost parts, as no one
                  could look on the face of God and live.
                  As smoke rose up from our charcoal grill—
                  hot dogs, chips and tonic ready—
                  we sat at a picnic table and shared
                  the family meal before God.

                  Judith Robbins, M.T.S. ’96
                  Whitefield, Me.

                  Diversity

                  Regarding the New York Times Magazine’s cover story on litigation before Judge Burroughs (9/1/19):

                  While the author sets out to analyze the litigation from the viewpoint of second-generation Asian immigrants, the point I draw from it is quite different. The Harvard admissions process is about diversity for the benefit of the student body, not for the purpose of righting old injustices; it has nothing to do with affirmative action. Harvard may quite properly have a purpose not focused on addressing the harms of historic, institutional racism. One can quite properly argue whether this is the “right” purpose for a private institution or not, but it’s not a federally justiciable issue. 

                   William Malone ’58, J.D. ’62
                  New Canaan, Conn.

                   Not White, not Black; Asian. Hispanic.

                  My son’s high school writes to ask me about his race. There are very few choices and so, I reply, none of them describe the diversity he represents. 

                  I hesitate to tell the information officer that my son is African American. Yet that’s exactly what he is: his father was born under a tree in the Sahara. His first language was not Arabic dialect but the tribal language of the Saharawi. 

                  In New Orleans, I think, my son isn’t black. But I’m wrong. He isn’t white. And what else is there? In this town, where people have been mixing for 400 years, the reality of Code Noir and Jim Crow has left lasting divisions. My son came home from day care, at age three, and confided in us that he was glad that his father was not a slave because, as his caregivers had told him, this had been the fate of black people in Louisiana. 

                  So why do I get it wrong, on the form, and say—because there is no category for my son—white? It is the same box that his young, African-American, English teacher puts him in, ignoring the experience he brings to their reading of African and Asian, Muslim, literatures. But the following year, another English teacher, white and on the verge of retirement, puts him in that other box, the one in which people, no matter how smart they might be, are not seen as competent in English. People with my son’s strange name and curly dark hair. 

                  Harvard students representing diversity have recently testified about their experience. I applaud them. I did not know what it was like to be “taken for” something, to be projected onto, until I watched my son. 

                  I worried about my son applying to Harvard with less than perfect scores, less than perfect grades. But he understands something better than I do. He understands that, wherever he is admitted, he will bring needed diversity: intelligence and experience, but also that fact that some people might not have seen him the way I do and also for that reason might not have given him the grade he deserves. And this, too, makes him who he is: “white” or African American, beur or Arab; in the UK, Asian, Muslim; and in Spain, Spanish, like his uncle, and other members of the tribe born before the Sahara was de-colonized.

                  He checks all the boxes. Why ask me? He knows who he is. 

                  Felicia McCarren ’82
                  New Orleans 

                  Errata

                  The fourth paragraph of the Vita on suffragist Adella Hunt Logan (September-October, page 54) contained inaccuracies in dating and other details involving Hunt Logan’s interactions with Susan B. Anthony, which were pointed out by Anthony biographer Lynn Sherr. Details appear at harvardmag.com/vita-logan-19. We regret the errors.

                  The profile of Elizabeth Marshall Thomas (“A New Way of Being in the World,” September-October, page 67) reported that she had “three dogs and three cats”—but one of those dogs is her son’s.

                  The report on a collection obtained by Radcliffe’s Schlesinger Library (“Revisiting Angela Davis,” September-October, page 44) indicated that Professor Elizabeth Hinton and two graduate students sorted and organized the materials for an exhibition. In fact, their selections for the exhibition were preceded by processing of the materials by Schlesinger staff archivists Jenny Gotwals, Amber Moore, and Jehan Sinclair.

                  As published, the letter from Robert H. Goldstein (September-October, page 6) omitted a significant word, rendering “my humorously intended comments incomprehensible,” he notes. The letter should have read: “Among certain ethnic groups, the theological question of when life begins is reputed to be answered, ‘On graduation from law school,’” with the italicized word here restored.

                   

                  Letters from our readers
                  10
                  Online Only

                            

                  A Transit Of Mercury Told Us The Scale Of The Universe - Forbes

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                  1. A Transit Of Mercury Told Us The Scale Of The Universe  Forbes
                  2. Mercury transit is coming to a sky near you Monday. And it won't happen again until 2032.  USA TODAY
                  3. Rare transit of Mercury to occur next week  WSVN 7News | Miami News, Weather, Sports | Fort Lauderdale
                  4. This solar system event only happens 13 times a century. Here's how to watch it in Arizona  AZCentral
                  5. Don't Miss Monday's Rare Transit of Mercury  Sky & Telescope
                  6. View full coverage on Google News

                            

                  NEWS : Les news du 6 Novembre 2019

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                  Carcariass - Saracen - Riot City - Moonreich - Blaze Of Perdition - Fields of the Nephilim - The Bastard Within - Megaton Sword - Crusadist - Haunt - Enemy Awake - Beerzerker - Ashen Horde - Zifir - Black Beast - Fractal Universe - Tragedy in Hope - Lurker of Chalice - Arkona

                            

                  oh je ne connaissais pas du tout cette chanson! sur 25 soul cakes for a birthday

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                  oh je ne connaissais pas du tout cette chanson!
                  pourtant j'adore Sting. merci beaucoup, elle est très belle, folk et mélodieuse, comme j'aime. je suppose que ton concert était dans une église ou cathédrale? parce que forcément, ça appelle le sujet. mais je pense qu'il faut juste voir la dimension sacrée plus universelle que les interprétations religieuses somme tout très terre à terre. enfin, je suppose que c'est ce que tu fais déjà ;)
                            

                  Batman Universe #5 Review – Another Great Issue

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                  After time travelling from the past to the present, Batman is fatally shot by Vandal Savage who reclaims the mysterious Fabergé egg. Batman Universe sees Bendis on a roll. Many of the criticisms levelled against him for his work on Superman or Event Leviathan, for instance, are missing here or in short supply. Some of […]
                            

                  Re: Ana Mardoll's Ramblings: Film Corner: Alien Resurrection

                   Cache   

                  Hey, so remember how I had a giant response to Aliens I'd made on her Patreon (most of which got lost and had to be rewritten)? Well my giant response to her thing on this movie was intact and I figure I should inflict it on share it with everyone here.

                  -

                  The aliens take advantage of the distraction to kill one of their own

                  That part's weird. In the hands of a better writer this would be one of our first hints that the crossing went both ways. It would indicate that these aliens are more human than they're supposed to be, and no longer approach self preservation the way the Aliens aliens did.

                  Up until now it's been the case that the aliens only cared about collective survival. A lone alien will try very hard to stay alive because it's got the weight of the entire species on its shoulders. When there are others to carry on after they're kaput, however, they keep on charging the sentry guns until they're pretty sure (erroneously, it turns out) that those things aren't running out of ammo any time soon.

                  Now they have fucked up pack dynamics where they murder the least popular member of the group while it begs them not to. That's not how it would have gone down in previous movies.

                  That could have been foreshadowing. Instead of sacrificing for the cause they're screwing one another over for a god damned percentage. I don't have that much faith in Whedon. I think it's exactly what it looks like: he needed a thing to happen, it wasn't one of the parts he cared about, he wrote what was easiest without thinking through what it would mean in-universe.

                  Honestly, god bless Weaver for her acting skills; she's really carrying this one on her shoulders.

                  Her exposition dump there was so very great. I hear people talk a lot about how terrible exposition is and how it needs to be treated as a sometimes necessary evil and . . . no. That was wonderful, and it revealed character, and it even advanced the plot because it got implanted dude on board with everything in a hurry, and then it revealed more character when implanted dude's only question was, "Who are you?"

                  And still more when the answer was, "I'm the monster's mother."

                  (Though, technically I think she's the grandmother.)

                  The aliens swim excellently, though, so that's nice; I like when they're allowed to be elegant.

                  They don't get to be in the water enough. One of the most iconic scenes in the second movie was when the alien emerged from the water behind Newt, which was only possible because they're so damned skilled at swimming they can do it all quiet-like.

                  The wheelchair user had to abandon his chair before the pool--a plot point that I have never liked--and he is now dead weight to slow the guy carrying him. I really hate that so much.

                  I liked that the response to, "We have to go in a place that's not wheelchair accessible," was, "It's not like it's the first time we've had to deal with this shit." These are people who do things they're not supposed to do and go places they're not supposed to go, so of course this has come up before.

                  Not saying how they dealt with it was good . . . especially for fucking swimming. It might make sense if it turned out that ricochet dude was some genetically augmented person who was designed to do things like carrying other people without slowing down and calculating bullet trajectories, but . . . even though I like the fact they have a standard plan because they understand that the universe is built by abilist fucks . . . I don't know the right way to show something like that, but it wasn't the way they did it.

                  it dies and falls off and THEN you drown.

                  I'd handwave it as they're expecting a drone to pick you up before the facehugger falls off.
                  (When I watch movies like this, I come up with handwaves and fixes without even trying.)

                  Despite never having evidenced this ability before that I can remember

                  I've been told that it's in Alien 3 but:
                  a) I have my doubts.
                  b) All of the aliens here were born of humans (so Alien 3 rules don't apply to them.)

                  This is the death I hate the most, I think. I liked Christie.

                  Same on both counts.

                  Also Vriess begging Christie not to. Vriess is holding the weight of two people using only his hands, if they fall they'll be in facehugger water pit, and just . . . wait for someone to climb down the ladder and then carry two people instead of one. How much harder is that?

                  because there was an existing theme of motherhood in these movies and we're going to run with it, dammit.

                  "Us non-humans gotta stick together?" Mild credit to that scene for showing "positive" racism. "Oh my god, it's so awesome I'm seeing one of you in person," is just as dehumanizing as other stuff, but it's not as though it's explored.

                  Ripley, both you AND the alien survived the last crash. This seems like a bad idea. Why not just turn it around? You're not caught in a gravity well or anything! You just need to override the GPS.

                  Things like this tend to be especially annoying to me, because they're easy to deal with.

                  If you're deadset on crashing the ship, say that they can't leave it intact because then the military will swoop in and get the aliens. Say that they can't shove it into the sun because of navigational safety procedures. Have crashing it work because the ship has a gobbledygook core (that's equivalent to taking off and nuking the site from orbit), and have crashing it be a way to get around the navigational safety thingies because it just requires screwing with, say, the altitude sensors which are a different system.

                  You just plugged eleventy billion plot holes and had a fun little brainstorming session between two characters that we like to see talking to each other.

                  Evil Scientist and Infected Victim take each other out in a rapid thinning of the cast.

                  If there were anything to indicate that the victim knew that the monster burst out of that particular spot with bone breaking force, I'd give the victim credit for responding to "I'm in unspeakable agony and about to die" with "I shall be a force of poetic justice" but as is it doesn't make much sense.

                  -

                  I have questions about the hybrid. Initially killing it makes oodles of sense because: oh my fucking God! But then we establish that it obeys Ripley (which doesn't make sense, but it's established none the less) and at that point things get complicated.

                  It's a thinking feeling being, which has never stopped us from being ok with offing aliens before, that's not necessarily a threat, which is new. If Ripley can tell it, "Don't hurt people," and it will obey that command, this entire universe of moral questions opens up. Questions that are sidestepped because it's big and scary and must therefore die.

                  I don't have any answers to those questions, but I do have the questions themselves.

                  -

                  I didn't say it over on Patreon, but proto-Firefly was something I liked about the movie. Ripley, Call, and proto-Firefly are the selling points for me. I never thought of it as proto-Firefly until I read this, though.


                            

                  Transformers Universe Autobot Blaster Repair Service Manual User

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                  Transformers Universe Autobot Blaster Repair Service Manual User
                            

                  Phenomena In The Universe Jayant V Narlikar

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                  Phenomena In The Universe Jayant V Narlikar
                            

                  Galaxy S4 Owners Manual Your Quick Reference To All Galaxy S Iv Features Including Photography Voicemail Email And A Universe Of Free Ansamsung Galaxy

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                  Galaxy S4 Owners Manual Your Quick Reference To All Galaxy S Iv Features Including Photography Voicemail Email And A Universe Of Free Ansamsung Galaxy
                            

                  Kaspersky Lab Analysis Shines Light on DarkUniverse APT Group

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                  Threat actor was active between 2009 and 2017, targeting military, government, and private organizations.
                            

                  Russie Et L Eglise Universelle Vladimir Soloviev Vladimir Sergueevitch

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                  Russie Et L Eglise Universelle Vladimir Soloviev Vladimir Sergueevitch
                            

                  Devient On Universel Shakespeare Mozart Luther King De Vinci Descartes Einstein Tome 2 Serge Bramly Francoise Balibar Jean Marie Beyssade Brigitte

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                  Devient On Universel Shakespeare Mozart Luther King De Vinci Descartes Einstein Tome 2 Serge Bramly Francoise Balibar Jean Marie Beyssade Brigitte
                            

                  The Definitive Guide to What Does Rotation Mean in Math

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                  All About What Does Rotation Mean in Math The middle of the universe is close to the sun. In this instance, the data we’re searching is sorted go do your homework by time. Because as we’ll see today, there are only a few additional particulars about functions that you will need to continue in mind. […]
                            

                  Hugh Jackman Is All Smiles for His New Broadway-Inspired Show

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                  HughJackmanIsAllSmilesforHisNewBroadway-InspiredShow

                  To anyone immersed in the “X-Men Universe” Hugh Jackman will always be Wolverine, a role he played in seven movies. But there’s more to this Australian actor than mutant bone claws and mutton chops that would make Elvis envious. Jackman has also starred in over 20 non-superhero films, including Les Misérables, for which he won a Golden Globe. He is also a Tony award-winning Broadway performer—with a winning smile.

                  With his famed character Logan/Wolverine fading in the rearview mirror, Jackman has returned to his musical roots. He will play Harold Hill in the Broadway revival of The Music Man, set to open in Fall 2020. And since May 2019 he’s been on world tour with Hugh Jackman: The Man. The Music. The Show., featuring Jackman and a supporting cast performing songs from favorite shows and films, including Les Misérables and the 2017 hit The Greatest Showman.

                  The Show, with 90 planned stops throughout Europe, North America and Oceania, is a decidedly different “universe” from the X-Men. As Wolverine, Jackman could get away with a scruffier look. But performing as Jean Valjean or the bigger-than-life P.T. Barnum, he has to bring a vastly different look to the role, which brings us to Jackman’s teeth…

                  Once upon a time, Jackman’s teeth were an unflattering gray—definitely not a good look for stage or film. So with the help of his dentist, Jackman set about upgrading his smile with teeth whitening. Teeth whitening is a great way to take a dull, stained smile and turn up the volume on its brightness—and attractiveness—a notch or two. A dentist applies a bleaching solution that stays in contact with the teeth for a few minutes. The process is often aided by special lighting.

                  A professional application is especially desirable if, like Jackman, you want “Goldilocks” brightness: not too little, not too much, but just right for you. Dentists can precisely control the tint level to get a brighter but more naturally looking white. Of course, you can also get a dazzling “Hollywood” smile if you so desire.

                  And although the effect of teeth whitening isn’t permanent, a dental application can last a while, depending on how well you manage foods and beverages that stain teeth. With a touchup now and then, you may be able to keep your brighter smile for years before undergoing the full procedure again.

                  One important note, though: This technique only works with outer enamel staining. If the discoloration originates from within the tooth, the bleaching agent will have to be placed internally, requiring access to the inside of the tooth. An alternative would be porcelain veneers to mask the discoloration, an option that also works when there is ultra-heavy enamel staining.

                  If you’re tired of your dull smile, talk with us about putting some pizzazz back into it. Teeth whitening could be your way to get a smile worthy of Broadway.

                  If you would like more information about teeth whitening, please contact us or schedule a consultation. To learn more, read the Dear Doctor magazine articles “Teeth Whitening” and “Whitening Traumatized Teeth.”


                            

                  Letters to the Editor: 11.07.19

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                  Letters to the Editor: 11.07.19 Yupay Wed, 11/06/2019 - 11:06

                  Henry Haney


                  Amagansett


                  November 1, 2019

                  Dear David,

                  We have lost one more of East Hampton’s finest kind — all of us.

                  Sadly,

                  LONA RUBENSTEIN


                  Something Is Wrong


                  Hampton Bays


                  November 4, 2019

                  To the Editor,

                  My beautiful hometown of Montauk — these words have been churning within me for some time, scattered, submerged. I’ve been making all the standard excuses for not getting around to this letter: I don’t have the time. I’m not sure anyone cares to hear this. There are already people in charge. The universe will work itself out.

                  But my heart is telling me that something is wrong, and I’m starting to realize that the only time we have is right now. So here it goes:

                  Montauk, we are in a state of emergency. Our waters are poisoned. Our fishermen are imprisoned on open seas. Our children are being fed a dystopian dream, and every year, more of us are forced to abandon the hamlet we grew up in in desperation for a life we can afford. Our psyche is damaged; our identity clouded by trends and dollar signs.

                  I believe we are suffering collectively, but like the rest of the world, we allow politics to further divide us.

                  One of the most precious, unique aspects of this town is our camaraderie. We watch each other’s kids without question, we fund-raise for the suffering, we speak (loudly!) when we believe there is injustice. But we are turning a blind eye to our own loss of quality of life, the drugs sneaking into the hands of the young and the compromised, the habit we have of tolerating being berated by strangers for less than five months, only to take it out on each other or ourselves, usually at a bar late at night or, more regrettably, on social media.

                  I am asking our leaders — more honestly, I’m begging them — to take their roles more seriously than they ever have before. It’s time to swallow our pride and our personal politics and remember that we are a town built on the good of the hive.

                  Montauk, when will you remember that the conveniences of today will not outweigh the generational consequences of tomorrow? Who are we trying to hold back the tide for? I can still see the opportunity for change before us, but I also see the window closing, and I can’t stand silently anymore.

                  My dream is to raise my own children there, to show them the same surf breaks and walk them through the same school halls. I am not naive to change. The world is ever expanding, and so too must Montauk. But we can retain the empathy, and the beauty that draws so many newcomers here like moths to the flame, who stand on our bluffs staring out at forever, who put their arms around us at closing time and say, “This place is truly special.”

                  Respectfully, and with hope,

                  KIAH WRIGHT


                  Art-Making Space


                  East Hampton


                  November 4, 2019

                  Dear David,

                  There are many things the Town of East Hampton sorely needs, but I believe a studio art center is among the most important for many reasons. A building including individual rentable studios with shared amenities where local artists can create work in all its forms would be a great asset not only to the many creatives in town (some say we have the highest per capita in the country) who require affordable space, but also to the curious public hungry to engage with authentic creativity and its process.

                  We are a town obviously steeped in artistic heritage, beginning with Thomas Moran and the early artist summer colony, continuing with Jackson Pollock and the Abstract Expressionists, and today we are home to many notable contemporary artists. Despite this history, our many amazing institutions and museums, and the presence of many collectors and enthusiasts, we lack the kind of community center dedicated to creating art that is surprisingly common in many other towns and cities. Younger artists and those of lesser means simply can’t make the work for lack of dedicated space and nearly all move away to larger cities.

                  There is no future for an arts community in this current situation. Affordable studio space is nearly impossible to find, just as housing is, and is further complicated by the fact that the town outlaws stand-alone studios with a bathroom.

                  I want to emphasize that artists need special consideration because we aren’t like plumbers, lawyers, or carpenters who have a reliable income through a straightforward trade. The path of the creative is uncharted and unique in every situation, and cannot thrive without some support. Indeed, many studies show that a strong arts community is a huge economic driver for many communities and serves to strengthen social bonds while enriching people’s lives tremendously. I believe that the Town of East Hampton absolutely benefits from its artistic community and heritage and it’s time to give back to this underserved population.

                  The real estate prices are the biggest obstacle here, but many existing underutilized structures exist that would serve the purpose well. I point out the former C.D.C.H. School building in Wainscott, currently owned by the town and undergoing restoration. I also point out LTV Studios in the same neighborhood, also owned by the town, which has a whole floor of acutely underused space.

                  Some may remember the former Amagansett Applied Arts building, formerly a small art school with a darkroom, print studio, and computer lab. The building now houses Grain Surfboards and features a great little wood shop in the basement, and is up for sale again after years of near vacancy under the ownership of the infamous Sackler family. I believe this building above the others would serve the greater community as a dedicated art-making space, pairing nicely with an existing artisan workshop.

                  I write this because I want to get the ball rolling for those who feel the same, and to build support for this endeavor, wherever and however it may manifest.

                  SCOTT BLUEDORN


                  Accabonac Harbor


                  Springs


                  November 4, 2019

                  Dear David,

                  As a summer resident of Gerard Drive from 1964, I have noticed since the culvert was built and continuously dredged  a degradation of Accabonac Harbor.

                  Some of the issues for residents on Accabonac Harbor are interrelated: Accabonac shoreline flooding, caused by accelerated sand sedimentation from the bay entering through the culvert, raising water levels. This leads to shore erosion, which, along with sedimentation, blocks drainage of vector ditches. This increases the mosquito population, posing disease risks.

                  As far as most know, there has been no scientific research measuring any benefits to water quality from the culvert, in fact many sections of the harbor remained closed to shellfishing.

                  The real issue is cesspool leakage into the harbor from many of the houses near or on Accabonac.

                  My proposal is to require any Accabonac shoreline homes to convert to a low or no-nitrogen-emitting sewage system. This would minimize the single argument in favor of maintaining the culvert and would allow the harbor to return to its natural state.

                  My best,

                  PHILIP WEYHE


                  Ebb and Flow


                  Amagansett


                  November 4, 2019

                  To the Editor,

                  Thank you for the editorial about the important work that the CARP team has started on looking at the problems of beach erosion in the bays from Gerard Drive to Lazy Point. One beach area that does not seem to be included in that group is Fresh Pond Beach, and this would be a great disservice.

                  As an almost 20-year resident several yards from Fresh Pond Park, I have seen this beautiful and important shoreline drastically recede, and watched the stream that keeps the pond viable open and close with each passing storm. When we moved there, the beach in high tide was out about three-quarters of the jetties. And the stream ran along the north jetty adjacent to Little Albert’s Landing. This provided a small beach perfect for the many families with young children who could wander into very shallow water safely. And the stream provided the ebb and flow into the pond that has kept it healthy.

                  Over the years the stream has migrated south, cutting the beach in half, and the beach has eroded so badly that it now only goes out about one-third of the jetty. This leaves very little space for families to sit and let the children roam.After a recent storm the stream completely closed and the town had to dredge it open.

                  Fresh Pond Park and beach are very popular with families for parties and swimming — and of course the July Fourth fireworks. So I hope that the members of CARP will also look at the problems at this beach that is so important to the residents of north Amagansett and Springs.

                  Sincerely,

                  ELLIN BURKE


                  Unethical Assertion


                  East Hampton


                  November 4, 2019

                  Dear Editor,

                  In response to recent statements that appeared in the local press regarding Mayor Rickenbach’s opinions about transition plans upon his retirement in December, we would like to make the following clear to the public:

                  We respect the mayor’s decision to announce his impending retirement in December, and we believe that any decision regarding how best to transition from the mayor’s retirement to the June election should be made openly and transparently.

                  There is no vacancy at this point and the mayor has indicated he won’t retire until Dec. 31. Should the mayor formally retire in December as he has indicated, we believe the board should have a public discussion at a public meeting before deciding on how best to facilitate the transition. The most important thing in our opinion is for the village to be efficiently and effectively managed during the transition period until the next mayor is elected in June and installed on July 1. 

                  Jerry Larsen’s false allegation that the village board is being unethical by simply following New York State law after Mayor Rickenbach leaves office at the end of this year is offensive. The law provides that the deputy mayor shall assume the responsibility in the absence of the board appointing a mayor until the next election.

                  Mr. Larsen’s unethical assertion is unfortunately typical of his self-serving propensities, since it was his own lack of ethics and abuse of authority for his own personal gain during his tenure as village chief of police that precipitated the unanimous decision of the village board to refuse to renew his employment contract with the village in 2016.

                  Sincerely yours,

                  RICK LAWLER

                  Deputy Mayor

                  BARBARA BORSACK

                  Village Trustee


                  Go Forward


                  Springs


                  November 4, 2019

                  Dear Editor,

                  Election day has come and gone, and we are all still here no worse for the wear. Hopefully, though, we all are better informed and more motivated to question the town’s elected officials moving forward.

                  The political demographics in East Hampton are unique. The truth of the matter is East Hampton registered Demo­crats (8,700) outnumber the combined total (4,900) of registered Republicans, Conservatives, Independents, and Libertarians. Only when you add (4,000) those not registered with a political party is the total of unregistered Dem­ocrats less than (200) the combined total. What makes this all interesting is the fact that East Hampton, with a year-round population of 21,000, has the highest percentage (85 percent) of registered voters in the nation. The New York State average is 55.3 percent, Suffolk County 53 percent, and the state with the highest total of registered voters is Maine, at 77.1 percent.

                  What I will tell you from the Republican camp despite the overwhelming enrollment edge, a bumpy start due to several factors outside of our control, and that some in the community that were professing the Republican Party in East Hampton to be defunct, our candidates (Republican, Democrats, and Independents) excelled. Our philosophy was to bring issues to the forefront, make our elected officials respond and articulate their decisions, to give a voice to the growing segment of our community that is increasingly feeling more ignored by the day. We believe that elected officials that represent a supermajority must not lose sight that whenever a political party dominates the government more often than not, segments of the community become disenfranchised and underrepresented, as is the case in East Hampton.

                  Congratulations to the winners from both camps and thank you to those who did not. Putting yourself out in the public eye for all to scrutinize and criticize is not an easy thing to do. The pressures to raise funds to run a campaign, win the favor of voters, and still maintain one’s interpersonal relationships with family and friends is a constant struggle in any campaign.

                  Now go forward and be the best you can be.

                  MANNY VILAR

                  Chairman

                  East Hampton Town

                  Republican Committee


                  Find a Child


                  Montauk


                  November 1, 2019

                  To the Editor,

                  After reading Russell Stein’s letter to the editor dated Oct. 15, I can only hope he is the stupidest person in town. I suggest he find a child to explain the signs to him.

                  MIKE SKARIMBAS


                  Animal Products


                  East Hampton


                  November 1, 2019

                  Dear Editor,

                  Re: Laura Donnelly’s Oct. 31 “Seasons by the Sea”: Food cheating reflects the thinking of a lot of people who struggle to defend their eating choices despite having some awareness of their destructive nature. She questions her food lifestyle, which is a good thing, but I am disturbed by some of her thought processes and feel that she is misleading her readers by promoting her ambivalence. Making an informed food choice requires nutritional, environmental, and ethical considerations.

                  Ms. Donnelly stated that it would be daunting to give up yogurt, butter, milk, and cheese for breakfast. There is a massive volume of literature substantiating that dairy consumption is unhealthy and should definitely be avoided when recovering from a myriad of diseases. Canada recently removed dairy from its 2019 nutrition guide. The water use as well as air pollution associated with dairy farming is excessive and unnecessary, and is well documented in peer-reviewed journals worldwide. Dairy cows are forcibly inseminated until they can’t produce milk anymore, at which time they are sent to slaughter only five years into their 20-year life span. Their journey to the slaughterhouse is barbaric, as is their short time at the slaughterhouse. Their calves are almost immediately removed from them after birth so that we can have the milk that is designed and intended for the calves, not humans. Male calves are confined to a small area to prevent muscle development so that their flesh is tender for human consumption as veal. As the saying goes, there is a slice of veal in all dairy products. They are fed a non-iron formula, which makes them anemic so that their flesh has acceptable coloring for human consumption. The life that we impose upon dairy animals and the consequences imposed upon earth so that humans can consume dairy (an unhealthy product with respect to each of three aforementioned food choice considerations) is a daunting reality. 

                  Ms. Donnelly implied that giving up bacon and ham would be too challenging. Again, there is a substantial volume of literature suggesting that pig consumption is unhealthy nutritionally and environmentally. The World Health Organization classifies bacon as a group one carcinogen. Hog agriculture is one of the worse environmental offenders. Pigs create a lot of manure. Where do you think the manure goes? It goes untreated into the air, soil, and water. Pigs are castrated and have their tails docked without the benefit of painkillers. The majority of pigs live in very small indoor spaces. They often don’t see the light of day until they are boarded to be transported for slaughter at very young ages. The average life span of a pig is approximately 11 years, yet meat pigs are slaughtered at approximately 6 months of age and breeding sows average 4 years of age. The U.S.D.A. recently eliminated slaughterhouse processing speeds for hogs. Apparently, the current slaughtering speed of approximately 1,100 hogs per hour was too slow and inefficient. The new legislation also reduces federal inspections by 40 percent, leaving the slaughterhouses to effectively monitor themselves. The slaughterhouse employee turnover rate is extremely high and there are psychological consequences associated with continuously killing sentient intelligent individual beings. Yet it is too much to ask humans to not consume pigs.    

                  Ms. Donnelly stated, “Sometimes I want some shrimp for a cocktail appetizer.” The shrimping industry is recognized as a leader in fisheries bycatch, nothing for the industry to be proud of leading, or for individuals to be proud of eating. The shrimping industry creates approximately 30 percent of total bycatch or approximately 10 pounds of bycatch per pound of shrimp eaten. The bycatch includes endangered and threatened species such as sea turtles, which often are dead and thrown overboard. I am frustrated that shrimp bycatch statistics are so readily available and yet many people choose to eat shrimp. Are people not aware of shrimp bycatch or do they not care about all the individual sentient beings they kill to consume shrimp? In passing, it is important to mention that the worldwide commercial fishing industry is depleting our oceans at a rate that has led to a massive change in its fragile ecosystem.

                  I could comment on the nutritional, environmental, and ethical issues pertaining to all the animals and animal products mentioned in this article, but will comment on only one more, eggs. After having their very sensitive beaks cut back (debeaked) without pain medications, female chickens for the most part live their lives in a crate, which limits their movements; they can’t spread their wings. Their floor space is approximately 70 square inches. The female chicks each lay hundreds of eggs annually partially because of forced molting. Molting involves starving the female chickens to create stress, which somehow results in their laying eggs at much higher rates. A wild chicken would only produce about 20 eggs annually. When they can’t lay eggs anymore or at a fast-enough rate, they are sent to the slaughterhouse to face a barbaric ending to their lives. The approximately 300 million male chicks born into the egg industry are ground up, suffocated, or dumped into garbage cans to be starved immediately after birth. There is a substantial volume of literature pertaining to the significant environmental externalities associated with the chicken industry. Nutritionally, eat eggs and you will get plenty of fat and cholesterol.

                  Unrelated to this article, the European Union won’t allow chickens produced in the United States into