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Milano - Fontana replica a Bonacini: “Dichiarazioni inaccettabili” - Salute - Varese News

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Il Presidente replica al governatore emiliano e chiarisce che la sanità lombarda è attenta a tutti a prescindere dal reddito. Molte le esenzioni garantite
          

Gato se vuelve viral al interrumpir la entrevista de un policía

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Un felino se ha vuelto viral en la red gracias a un video en el que se le ve interrumpir la entrevista a un oficial de policía.

El material que se presume en redes sociales fue registrado en la ciudad de Spokane, en Washington, EU, muestra al gato saltar encima de los hombros del agente.

Sin embargo, lo que ha desatado risas entre internautas es que el animal se pasea cómodamente entre los hombros del policía mientras lo golpea en la cara con su cola en repetidas ocasiones.

Más información en El Siglo de Torreón


          

James Dean to co-star in new film decades after his death, angering fans

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The computer-generated James Dean will be assembled through old footage and photos and be voiced by another actor.
        

          

ISEE precompilato 2020: che cosa cambia?

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L’ISEE precompilato entrerà in funzione nel 2020. A partire dal Reddito di Cittadinanza, passando per asili nido ed università, vediamo le novità del documento che certifica la situazione economica famigliare. ISEE precompilato INPS: le novità A partire dal 1° gennaio 2020 sarà disponibile l’ISEE precompilato. Analogamente a quanto accade per il 730 precompilato, questo documento […]

L'articolo ISEE precompilato 2020: che cosa cambia? sembra essere il primo su https://www.6sicuro.it

Seguici su Google+


          

Male keeps "the Barrel" in 22-21 thriller of Manual

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In the 138th meeting of "The Old Rivalry" the Male Bulldogs defeated the duPont Manual Crimsons 22-21.
        

          

Supply Chain Transparency Critical to Slowing Down the Amazon Deforestation

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Supply Chain_Transparency_Amazon

As the magnitude of the Amazon fires has now reached a level in which scientists are confirming that the ongoing destruction can have catastrophic consequences for Brazil and the world, businesses are beginning to reconsider sourcing their supplies from the area in response. 

Over the last months, the Amazon deforestation rate was an area of Manhattan every day, following reports that farmers were clearing land for crop fields and cattle ranches, as the new Brazilian government was opening up the region to economic activity. According to the country’s National Institute for Space Research, Brazil (the world’s largest beef exporter) had over 72,000 fire outbreaks this year, with more than half of them located in the Amazon. This number represents an 84-percent increase compared to last year.
 
The Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world, a home to one million native people and three million species of plants and animals. The rainforest covers an area about half the size of Europe and is a vital source of carbon that helps to slow down the pace of global warming, absorbing millions of tonnes of carbon emissions every year. With deforestation, the rainforest’s capacity to absorb carbon emissions is reducing and the carbon they are storing is released into the atmosphere. Non-profit organisation Mighty Earth estimates that globally there are 1.6 billion acres of degraded land for agriculture to expand without deforestation, however the Amazon continues to be cleared for beef production. 
 
Earlier this month, H&M announced that they stopped purchasing leather from Brazil over concerns that the country’s cattle industry is the main contributor of the Amazon deforestation. Other companies such VF Corporation, the parent company of North Face, Vans and Timberland followed. While these companies play relatively small roles in the area with VF Corporation sourcing around five percent and H&M one percent of their leather from Brazil, businesses sourcing from the area are increasingly focus on reviewing their supply chains.
 
In a recent statement, Mars announced that they are developing action plans for raw materials linked to deforestation, such as beef and palm oil, and the company’s targets for reducing emissions include the impact of agriculture and land use change. Nestle, which sources meat, palm oil, soy and cocoa from Brazil, has also announced that they are monitoring their suppliers and would immediately cease sourcing from suppliers found to be linked to Amazon deforestation.
 
The situation is not only critical in the Amazon, but also in many other parts of the world like Africa, this is a positive step toward raising awareness and taking steps to protect the environment and fight climate change. 
 
Research suggests that avoiding or at least reducing meat and dairy products is the single most effective way to improve our environmental impact on the planet. With the world’s population increasing, the growth in food demand is predicted to reach between 59 to 98 percent by 2050, and as a result, agricultural markets will be impacted – farmers will have to increase agricultural land and enhance productivity, however this still might not be quick enough to meet the growing demand. In addition, climate change-driven water shortages, rising global temperatures and extreme weather changes will play a key role. To address this, a new approach to food is necessary and according to the UN, switching to a plant-based diet can reduce the burden on the environment and help to fight climate change.
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Brand new airport draws rave reviews on opening day

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“This is a great improvement and it’s representative of what the city and the people of Louisiana deserve – a modern, safe airport. It’s been great.”
       

          

Mexican authorities arrest man wanted in connection with New Hampshire couple's deaths

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Kleberg County Sheriff Richard Kirkpatrick confirmed to 3News Wednesday morning that Williams had been captured by Mexican authorities.
       

          

Odor from Jefferson Parish landfill is going to get worse before it gets better

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Work on the new $5 million gas collection system will start Monday
       

          

Trump spotlights confirmation of 150-plus federal judges

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He noted that the average age of his nominees is less than 50, ensuring he'll have fingerprints on many important legal decisions for decades.
       

          

House Democrats announce public impeachment hearings next week

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Rep. Adam Schiff is leading the impeachment probe and says they'll hear from state department officials, and also former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanov.
       

          

James Dean to co-star in new film decades after his death, angering fans

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The computer-generated James Dean will be assembled through old footage and photos and be voiced by another actor.
       

          

State Department's No. 3 official testifies in impeachment inquiry

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David Hale had been expected to tell lawmakers that political considerations were behind the agency's refusal to defend the former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine.
       

          

Judge keeps lawsuits against Purdue, its owners on hold

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Current negotiations are primarily between Purdue and attorneys general representing about half the states who objected to the company's earlier settlement offer.
       

          

Report: Jeff Sessions to announce Alabama Senate bid for old seat

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The former attorney general whose relationship with Trump soured over his recusal from Mueller's Russia probe is expected to challenge Democratic Sen. Doug Jones.
       

          

Big temperature swing on the way

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First freeze of the season possible next week
       

          

Falz - This Is Nigeria

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Originally by Childish Gambino, Falz in 'This is Nigeria!' -- YT

Lyrics: http://ngyab.com/2018/05/26/falz-this-is-nigeria-lyrics/

via reddit -- https://www.reddit.com/r/videos/comments/8mbr94/this_is_nigeriathe_nigerian_rapper_falz_tackles/

(9 votes - 1 comment - 115 views)

          

Female quarterback makes history in Fife with touchdown pass

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Brynna Nixon is a junior at Fife High School and the Trojans backup quarterback. She made history during a varsity playoff game against Clover Park.
        

          

Kispert leads No. 8 Gonzaga over Alabama State 95-64

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Kispert is the only returning starter from a team that won 33 games and reached the Elite Eight last season
        

          

PODCAST | Silvi Knows: Alan Hinton

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The name Alan Hinton is synonymous with the sport of soccer, not only in the northwest but also in England where he played the sport at its highest level.
        

          

Seahawks release 4th-rounder Gary Jennings; activate Haynes

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Jennings was inactive for all nine games this season
        

          

Cut from every basketball team for years, Harlem Globetrotter just kept on shooting

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4 time Guinness World Record title-holder Zeus McClurkin knows all about perseverance.
        

          

'The finish line is just the beginning' | Brothers compete in endurance sports to empower those with disabilities

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"Can people in wheelchairs compete in Ironman?"
        

          

'Passionate soccer city’: Tickets sold out quickly for Seattle’s MLS Cup

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Tickets for the MLS Cup in Seattle quickly sold out on Friday. Fans who still want to try and get a seat can sign up for a ticket waitlist.
        

          

Russell Wilson throws 5 TDs, Seahawks outlast Bucs 40-34 in OT

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The Seattle Seahawks rallied for a 40-34 win over the Tampa Bay Buccaneers on Sunday.
        

          

No. 9 Utah keeps rolling, rallies past Washington 33-28

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Washington dropped its second straight after losing to Oregon two weeks ago and lost for the third time at home this season.
        

          

Comment on Velkommen til Øvre Råtun Eierseksjonssameie by Penney Rasmussen

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Hi there, this weekend is good designed for me, as this moment i am reading this great informative piece of writing here at my home.Look at my webpage :: <a href="https://www.reddit.com/user/baodoanhnhantre/comments/dqwnuk/h%E1%BB%99i_doanh_nh%C3%A2n_tr%E1%BA%BB_vi%E1%BB%87t_nam_nh%E1%BA%ADn_chuy%E1%BB%83n_giao_ch%E1%BB%A9c/" rel="nofollow">doanh nhân trẻ việt nam</a>
          

Joki par Pirmo Formulu.

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Santa Sudakova 2 komentāri Skatīt bildi

100 gadus atpakaļ, kad vairāki baltie puiši dzinās pakaļ vienam melnajam, tas saucās Kukluksklans.

Mūsdienās tas saucas Pirmā Formula.



Kurš ir F-1 fanu iecienītākais dārzenis?

Mihaēls Šūmahers.



Kas ir visbīstamākā lieta, ko var izdarīt F-1 pilots?

Slēpot.



Kāda atšķirība starp Pastoru Maldonado un autobusa vadītāju?

Viens ir izcils un profesionāls braucējs, bet otrs brauc Pirmajā Formulā.



Un visbeidzot jautājums, kas daudziem neliek mieru - kāpēc prezidenta Džona Kenedija sieva Žaklīna izskatās taisni pēc Maksa Verstapena?





[author][/author][source]https://www.reddit.com/r/formula1/comments/5h38uf/max_verstappen_or_jackie_kennedy_you_decide/[/source...


          

Fascinējoši: 25 attēli ar vīriešiem no pagājušā gadsimta

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The Diāna 9 komentāri Skatīt bildi

Skaisti, pārsteidzoši, maģiski un skaudri. Arī mūsu vectēvi un vecvectēvi jaunībā bijuši tādi paši cilvēki, kādi tagad esam mēs...



[author][/author]&laquo;Mans vectēvs dienu pirms do&scaron;anās Jūras spēkos. 1941. gads.&raquo;[source]https://www.reddit.com/r/OldSchoolCool/comments/2h8egt/my_grandfather_the_day_before_he_shipped_out_with/[/source...


          

15 cilvēki, kuri pierāda to, ka Māte Daba ir spējīga uz visu

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The Diāna 11 komentāri Skatīt bildi

Un ir mūsu pašu ziņā, vai vēlamies to uztvert kā efektu vai defektu.



[source]https://www.reddit.com/r/interestingasfuck/comments/6js2jp/vitiligo_effecting_one_side_of_a_mans_face/[/source...


          

Buechele, Jones lead No. 16 SMU past Coogs, 34-31

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Houston's Clayton Tune finished 18 of 35 for a career-high 407 yards and two touchdowns.
        

          

Baylor Bears surpass Texas Longhorns as top-ranked Texas team

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The Longhorns had been the top-ranked Texas team the entire 2019 season until this week. Now they're were sandwiched in the rankings between Baylor and SMU.
        

          

How to Read Deleted Reddit Posts and Comments

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How to Read Deleted Reddit Posts and Comments

Reddit is a treasure trove of information and I browse it daily for getting content, passing time, and contributing to the Subreddits that I follow. If you also love Reddit and browse it every day, you must have encountered deleted or removed comments and posts. Now, most of the time they don’t bug me, however, […]
          

Sunset from above the clouds

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7252 9d7f 400

Sunset from above the clouds

[Reposted from fightling via threeheadedmonkey]


          

Bruder Klaus Chapel, Wachendorf (2007) by Peter Zumthor [Building]

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Bruder Klaus Chapel, Wachendorf (2007) by Peter Zumthor [Building]
submitted by /u/elTiburonysuamigo
[visit reddit] [comments]

          

Reddito e pensione di cittadinanza, accolte più di un milione di domande

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di Gabriella Lax – Arrivano i numeri relativi a reddito e pensione di cittadinanza. A fornirli è l'Osservatorio dell'Inps. I dati dall'Osservatorio sul reddito di cittadinanzaI benefici erogati regione per regione Gli importi erogatiI dati dall'Osservatorio sul reddito di cittadinanza[Torna su] Secondo i numeri pervenuti entro l'8 ottobre 2019 risultano arrivate all'Inps 1.522.874 domande, di cui 982.158 sono state accolte, 125.931 sono in lavorazione e 414.785 sono state respinte o cancellate. È infatti l'osservatorio statistico sul Reddito/Pensione di Cittadinanza che si occupa di fornire le essenziali informazioni statistiche sui nuclei familiari percettori del beneficio economico. Così, i dati pubblicati nel report, si basano sulle domande trasmesse all'Istituto dai Caf, dai Pa...
          

ماهي وهم الثقة بالنفس !

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ناقش رواد موقع الأخبار الترفيهية Reddit الصفات الإنسانية الخادعة، والتي غالبا ما يحاول البشر إظهارها، في غضون ساعات قليلة
          

PROGETTISTA MECCANICO AZIENDA INTERNAZIONALE ZONA LAVORO A CODROIPO (UD) MACCHINARI PRODUZIONE ALIMENTARE - Tempor S.p.A. - Belluno, Veneto

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Inquadramento a norma di legge e RAL (reddito annuo lordo) valutata in fase di colloquio. Se in possesso dei requisiti e interessati, candidarsi al presente…
Da Tempor S.p.A. - Tue, 01 Oct 2019 14:11:00 GMT - Visualizza tutte le offerte di lavoro a Belluno, Veneto
          

CERCHIAMO 1 PROGETTISTA MECCANICO PER IMPORTANTE AZIENDA INTERNAZIONALE. AREA PROGETTAZIONE MACCHINARI ALIMENTARI IN LINEA ZONA CODROIPO (UD) - Tempor S.p.A. - Belluno, Veneto

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Inquadramento a norma di legge e RAL (reddito annuo lordo) valutata in fase di colloquio. Se in possesso dei requisiti e interessati, candidarsi al presente…
Da Tempor S.p.A. - Tue, 01 Oct 2019 14:11:00 GMT - Visualizza tutte le offerte di lavoro a Belluno, Veneto
          

Update on Update 3

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Here's a little catch up on what's been happening regarding Update 3 and what to expect in the coming months. The update is delayed because Simon ate it.

⬇ Links and Info ⬇
Website + FAQ ‣ https://satisfactorygame.com

⬇ Social Media ⬇
Twitter ‣ https://twitter.com/SatisfactoryAF
Facebook ‣ https://facebook.com/SatisfactoryGame
Instagram ‣ https://instagram.com/coffee_stain_studios
Discord ‣ https://discord.gg/satisfactory
Reddit ‣ http://reddit.com/r/satisfactorygame
Community Manager ‣ https://twitter.com/jembawls

Satisfactory is an FPS open-world factory building sim. You play as an engineer on an alien planet as part of the ‘Save The Day’ program - a program whose goal is to construct a massive machine for a mysterious purpose. Conquer nature, build multi-story factories, and automate to satisfaction!

-------------------------------------------
Local Elevator by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1300012

Artist: http://incompetech.com/
-------------------------------------------

Story time:
Hello everybody and welcome to story time with jace. today in story time we are gonna go on a journey through time to back when simon was a wee child.

No really, he wee'd everywhere. it was a mess. no one could stop the wee. it was like flooding ship and the only thing you had to soak up the sea was a shamwow. which is good but it was only one.

simon lacked social skills because he wee'd uncontrollably on everyone to the point that they involuntarily floated away to the neighbouring city.

thank you for listening to story time with jace. if you made it this far consider sharing it online with the hashtag #iWee but dont tell anyone where you got the hashtag from. it will be our little secret. we can be the iWee club.

#satisfactory #update #coffeestain
          

Lancement de Whatsat, une appli de messagerie P2P décentralisée basée sur le Lightning Network

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Messagerie

Whatsat, une appli de messagerie décentralisée, a été lancée sur l’architecture du Lightning Network (LN). Il s’agit de la première application à utiliser les caractéristiques du LN pour des échanges de messages.

Une messagerie basée sur le Lightning Network

Le lancement de ce service de messagerie a été annoncé par une publication Reddit, qui explique le fonctionnement de Whatsat. L’utilisateur nowitsallgone explique que l’appli de messagerie « utilise le Lightning Network du Bitcoin pour échanger des messages plutôt que de l’argent ». Pour rappel, le LN est une surcouche du réseau du BTC. Il permet d’en améliorer la scalabilité et la rapidité, en proposant des paiements quasi gratuits. Pour cela, il utilise des canaux de paiement bidirectionnels : c’est ceux-ci qui sont utilisés pour proposer le service de messagerie de Whatsat.

Comme l’explique la publication, cette initiative est une première : « C’est probablement la première application de troisième couche à être construite au-dessus du stack LNP/BP (Lightning Network Protocol sur Bitcoin Protocol). » Le choix du LN a été fait car il a des propriétés qui le rapprochent des services de messagerie : « Le Lightning Network est un bon candidat pour l’échange de messages, car il est déjà capable d’acheminer des données de transaction du Bitcoin, d’une manière privée en pair à pair (P2P), et les données liées au Bitcoin sont déjà une forme de message textuel. »

Une application pour l’instant gratuite

Comme le précise la publication, l’utilisation de Whatsat est pour l’instant gratuite, mais cela pourrait changer si un nombre important d’utilisateurs arrive sur le réseau : « Il n’y a pour l’instant pas de coût pour échanger des messages sur Whatsat, mais si son utilisation se développe, les nœuds du Lightning Network pourraient commencer à demander des frais pour transmettre les messages Whatsat, ce qui créerait un modèle de paiement pour chaque message. »

Cela n’aurait cependant pas que des inconvénients, car cela permettrait de soutenir le réseau du LN, toujours selon nowitsallgone : « Cela pourrait augmenter les revenus des opérateurs des nœuds du Lightning Network, et potentiellement promouvoir le développement de réseaux maillés spécialisés pour transférer à la fois de l’argent et des messages de manière privée, à n’importe quel utilisateur Lightning. » La page GitHub du projet est disponible pour plus d’informations sur le sujet. Comme le rappellent les autres commentateurs, le projet représente un moyen de communiquer à la fois décentralisé et impossible à censurer, il pourrait donc prendre une réelle ampleur s’il trouve des utilisateurs.

RECEVEZ UN RÉCAPITULATIF DE L'ACTUALITÉ CRYPTO CHAQUE DIMANCHE

Marine Debelloir

Intriguée par le Bitcoin depuis plusieurs années, Marine s'est prise de passion pour les crypto-monnaies et les technologies novatrices qu'elles créent. Elle aime dénicher les infos les plus croustillantes pour aider à démocratiser ce passionnant univers.

facebook-cryptoast twitter-soothsayerdataProfil linkedin

          

Traffico illegale di sigarette nel Casertano: presi altri contrabbandieri col Reddito di Cittadinanza

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Pupia.tv - la tua informazione

Al termine di un’indagine coordinata dalla Procura Antimafia di Napoli, i militari della compagnia della Guardia di Finanza di Capua hanno dato esecuzione a 11 misure cautelari personali (una custodia in carcere, tre divieti di dimora nella Regione Campania e sette obblighi di presentazione) nei confronti dei componenti di un’associazione per delinquere operativa nello stoccaggio […]

L'articolo Traffico illegale di sigarette nel Casertano: presi altri contrabbandieri col Reddito di Cittadinanza è presente Pupia.tv.


          

Возможная утечка подробностей Diablo 4

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В сети появилась новая интересная утечка про будущий анонс Diablo 4 на BlizzCon 2019. Пользователь сайта reddit под ником PracticalBrush12 утверждает, что благодаря своей работе получил доступ к закрытой информации.
          

Offer - https://www.fitdiettrends.com/peau-jeune-creme-fr/ - New York

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https://cutt.ly/FeEyoci https://twitter.com/PeauJeuneCreme http://peaujeunecreme.simplesite.com/ https://peaujeunecreme-16.webself.net/ http://peaujeunecreme.moonfruit.com/ http://peaujeunecreme.wikidot.com/blog:_start https://peaujeunecreme.yolasite.com https://www.pinterest.fr/pin/686939749396849852/ https://peaujeunecreme.podbean.com/e/peau-jeune-creme/ https://hearthis.at/krunjhgb/peaujeunecreme/ https://soundcloud.com/user-632962252/peau-jeune-creme http://peaujeunecreme.mystrikingly.com/blog/peau-jeune-creme http://peaujeunecremebuy.bravesites.com/entries/general/blog-post http://peaujeunecreme.jigsy.com/entries/general/benefit-your-face-look-peau-jeune-creme https://www.reddit.com/user/krunjhgb/comments/drf6p4/httpswwwfitdiettrendscompeaujeunecremefr/ https://peaujeunecreme.home.blog/2019/11/04/make-your-skin-glowing/ https://5dbfed4a8b5a8.site123.me/blog/peau-jeune-creme-make-your-skin-shiny https://krunjhgblee.doodlekit.com/blog/entry/5835084/peau-jeune-creme-help-to-reduces-wrinkle https://peaujeunecreme.tumblr.com/post/188808135294/reviews-this-supplement-peau-jeune-creme
          

Supply Chain Transparency Critical to Slowing Down the Amazon Deforestation

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Supply Chain_Transparency_Amazon

As the magnitude of the Amazon fires has now reached a level in which scientists are confirming that the ongoing destruction can have catastrophic consequences for Brazil and the world, businesses are beginning to reconsider sourcing their supplies from the area in response. 

Over the last months, the Amazon deforestation rate was an area of Manhattan every day, following reports that farmers were clearing land for crop fields and cattle ranches, as the new Brazilian government was opening up the region to economic activity. According to the country’s National Institute for Space Research, Brazil (the world’s largest beef exporter) had over 72,000 fire outbreaks this year, with more than half of them located in the Amazon. This number represents an 84-percent increase compared to last year.
 
The Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world, a home to one million native people and three million species of plants and animals. The rainforest covers an area about half the size of Europe and is a vital source of carbon that helps to slow down the pace of global warming, absorbing millions of tonnes of carbon emissions every year. With deforestation, the rainforest’s capacity to absorb carbon emissions is reducing and the carbon they are storing is released into the atmosphere. Non-profit organisation Mighty Earth estimates that globally there are 1.6 billion acres of degraded land for agriculture to expand without deforestation, however the Amazon continues to be cleared for beef production. 
 
Earlier this month, H&M announced that they stopped purchasing leather from Brazil over concerns that the country’s cattle industry is the main contributor of the Amazon deforestation. Other companies such VF Corporation, the parent company of North Face, Vans and Timberland followed. While these companies play relatively small roles in the area with VF Corporation sourcing around five percent and H&M one percent of their leather from Brazil, businesses sourcing from the area are increasingly focus on reviewing their supply chains.
 
In a recent statement, Mars announced that they are developing action plans for raw materials linked to deforestation, such as beef and palm oil, and the company’s targets for reducing emissions include the impact of agriculture and land use change. Nestle, which sources meat, palm oil, soy and cocoa from Brazil, has also announced that they are monitoring their suppliers and would immediately cease sourcing from suppliers found to be linked to Amazon deforestation.
 
The situation is not only critical in the Amazon, but also in many other parts of the world like Africa, this is a positive step toward raising awareness and taking steps to protect the environment and fight climate change. 
 
Research suggests that avoiding or at least reducing meat and dairy products is the single most effective way to improve our environmental impact on the planet. With the world’s population increasing, the growth in food demand is predicted to reach between 59 to 98 percent by 2050, and as a result, agricultural markets will be impacted – farmers will have to increase agricultural land and enhance productivity, however this still might not be quick enough to meet the growing demand. In addition, climate change-driven water shortages, rising global temperatures and extreme weather changes will play a key role. To address this, a new approach to food is necessary and according to the UN, switching to a plant-based diet can reduce the burden on the environment and help to fight climate change.
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John Romero werkt aan nieuwe FPS?

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In een Reddit AMA heeft John Romero laten weten in ieder geval een idee te hebben voor een nieuwe first person shooter! Alle info in deze Nachtwacht met verder nieuws over Red Dead Redemption 2, offline PlayStation game servers, Mario muziek, CoD: Modern Warfare, Death Stranding en een vette PS4 reclame.
          

Canadian in the process of receiving job offer in US. Having visa issues - help

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Posting on reddit because I am totally lost and clueless on what to do or how to handle my current situation. Some background: I'm an early 20s female, working at a tech startup right now in Canada. My current role is in data analytics and user research, where I work in technical and non-technical functions. My educational background was in a social science field (a bachelor of science in psychology).

I started interviewing for another startup based on the east coast of the US. Things went well, and it seems like they really want me. I've received a verbal offer from the recruiter, and they originally said they would have a written offer soon. A couple days went by, no written offer, but they followed up with me to say there are some slight delays with paperwork in HR and the legal team (because I would need to go through immigration). They originally said it should no problem for me to get the TN Visa (I suspected my case could be a bit more complex though).

Fast forward to today and I had another call with the recruiter, who said there is some issues coming up with their legal team. Their legal team has expressed concern about my eligibility for a TN Visa due to my degree (the job I am being offered does not match up neatly with a TN visa category). They said I could apply but there may be a risk of rejection.

The recruiter said that their company is very pro-immigration, and they will continue to work with the legal team to figure out a way to make things work (including looking into other visas). I guess in the meantime I just... have to wait. I know immigration and visa situations can be very complex, especially if it concerns moving to the US. I'm wondering if there's anything I could do while I wait? If there's any hope at all for my situation of moving to the US? Has anybody been in a similar situation where it worked out? I just feel so lost about who I can even get advice from because immigration matters are so complex, it's not really something your friends can give you advice on.

submitted by /u/false_gossip
[visit reddit] [comments]
          

Школьные учителя поделились непристойными историями из своей практики

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Школьные учителя и преподаватели университетов рассказали на Reddit о неприличных случаях, с которыми они сталкивались в работе. Тред с такими историями быстро набрал популярность, пользователи оставили несколько тысяч комментариев.
          

The End of the F***ing World İkinci Sezon Fragmanı Sızdırıldı

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Netflix’in ilk sezonu ile çok ses getiren ve büyük beğeni toplayan dizisi The End of the F***ing World için ikinci sezon fragmanı henüz resmi yayınlanmasa bugün bir reddit kullanıcısı tarafından sızdırıldı. Dizinin ikinci sezonu 5 Kasım’da yayınlanacak.    

Sonrası The End of the F***ing World İkinci Sezon Fragmanı Sızdırıldı Dizi Haber ilk ortaya çıktı.


          

Mais, la tecnologia paga. Sempre

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Ben 337 euro ad ettaro di reddito netto in più nei campi di mais gestiti con la minima lavorazione e la semina a dose variabile. Ecco i risultati 2019 della Kverneland Group Academy

Mais, la tecnologia paga. Sempre

          

Whole Foods affected in recall of more than 100 vegetable products for possible Listeria contamination

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Check your refrigerator. The grocer says it's voluntarily recalling multiple products after Walmart, Trader Joe's, Kroger and others were already impacted.
        

          

Saudis recruited Twitter workers to spy on users, US prosecutors say

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It also alleged that the employees were rewarded with a designer watch and tens of thousands of dollars funneled into secret bank accounts.
        

          

Trump spotlights confirmation of 150-plus federal judges

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He noted that the average age of his nominees is less than 50, ensuring he'll have fingerprints on many important legal decisions for decades.
        

          

House Democrats announce public impeachment hearings next week

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Rep. Adam Schiff is leading the impeachment probe and says they'll hear from state department officials, and also former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanov.
        

          

James Dean to co-star in new film decades after his death, angering fans

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The computer-generated James Dean will be assembled through old footage and photos and be voiced by another actor.
        

          

State Department's No. 3 official testifies in impeachment inquiry

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David Hale had been expected to tell lawmakers that political considerations were behind the agency's refusal to defend the former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine.
        

          

Judge keeps lawsuits against Purdue, its owners on hold

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Current negotiations are primarily between Purdue and attorneys general representing about half the states who objected to the company's earlier settlement offer.
        

          

Report: Jeff Sessions to announce Alabama Senate bid for old seat

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The former attorney general whose relationship with Trump soured over his recusal from Mueller's Russia probe is expected to challenge Democratic Sen. Doug Jones.
        

          

Bud Light has joined the spiked seltzer game

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The Anheuser-Busch company will debut four flavors of hard seltzer at the beginning of 2020.
        

          

Airbnb to verify all 7 million properties to improve trust

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It's one of several moves the company is making after a rough week that included a deadly shooting at an Airbnb in California and the revelation of a scam by hosts.
        

          

BABYMETALのイギリス4公演のオープニングアクトがCreeperに決定 Reddit編 【海外の反応】

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    本日は、ヨーロッパツアーのイギリス4公演のオープニングアクトがCreeperに決まった件です。 それでは、どうぞ。         aertyar Cr...

投稿 BABYMETALのイギリス4公演のオープニングアクトがCreeperに決定 Reddit編 【海外の反応】BABYMETALIZE に最初に表示されました。


          

Comment on Advocacy by read more here

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as soon as I seeds found this website I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.
          

INTERNATIONAL PRODUCT MANAGER

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Prestigiosa Azienda nel settore Agribusiness nel quadro di un generale potenziamento della propria struttura ci ha incaricato di ricercare: International Product Manager Desideriamo entrare in contatto con Laureati ad indirizzo Agrario o cultura equivalente che hanno maturato significativa esperienza in ruolo analogo presso Aziende strutturate operanti nel settore agribusiness. La figura inserita si occuperà di: - Valutazione del mercato di riferimento e della concorrenza - Analisi dei dati di vendita e preparazione di forecast di vendita mensili e di lungo periodo - Analisi redditività dei prodotti di competenze - Definizione di piani di sviluppo per prodotti esistenti e per lancio nuovi prodotti - Realizzazione e studio di strumenti di marketing e comunicazione - Preparazione materiale tecnico- divulgativo, affiancamento e formazione forza vendita - Coordinamento nelle iniziative di comunicazione e di giornate in campo sia per agricoltori sia per rivenditori - Organizzazione di eventi e partecipazione a fiere di settore Si richiede: - conoscenze tecniche nel mondo dell’agricoltura - ottima conoscenza della lingua inglese - capacità di analisi e sintesi - spiccate doti relazionali - padronanza dei principali i strumenti informatici Completano il profilo spirito di iniziativa, dinamismo, attitudine al teamworking L’Azienda offre: Inquadramento e retribuzione commisurate alle effettive esperienze e competenze Zona di lavoro: Piemonte B&S Consulting S.r.l. è una società autorizzata dal Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali a svolgere l'attività di Ricerca e Selezione del Personale col n.° Prot. n° 5020 - 16 febbraio 2007. I dati saranno trattati esclusivamente ai fini di Ricerca di Personale e saranno conservati anche per ricerche future. Sono garantiti i diritti di cui al Regolamento UE 2016/679. Le ricerche sono rivolte a persone di entrambe i sessi (L. 903/77).
          

Microsoft Excel 2013 Tutorial – 18 – Awesome Formula Tips

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Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/TheNewBoston-464114846956315/ GitHub – https://github.com/buckyroberts Google+ – https://plus.google.com/+BuckyRoberts LinkedIn – https://www.linkedin.com/in/buckyroberts reddit – https://www.reddit.com/r/thenewboston/ Support – https://www.patreon.com/thenewboston thenewboston – https://thenewboston.com/ Twitter – https://twitter.com/bucky_roberts
          

Blackberry, Bourbon and Cranberry Cocktail

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A great seasonal cocktail from fall through winter, this Blackberry, Bourbon and Cranberry Cocktail includes blackberry liqueur, bourbon, and cranberry juice for a cocktail that is refreshing and beautiful. I know I whine and complain about Summer ending and the beginning of Fall every year and I do feel a bit like the Lone Ranger […]

The post Blackberry, Bourbon and Cranberry Cocktail appeared first on Creative Culinary.

        

          

Brandon shooting sends woman to hospital

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The Hillsborough County Sheriff’s Office said the shooting call was from the Westchester Apartments in Nina Elizabeth Circle.
        

          

Hillsborough County votes to raise legal vaping age to 21

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The decision was unanimous.
        

          

Firefighers pose with pups to raise money for charity

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The 5th annual Lakeland Firefighter/SPCA Florida calendar is here just in time to become a white hot stocking stuffer.
        

          

High levels of red tide creep up Florida's Gulf Coast, now into Sarasota County

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There are no reports or mere background indications of red tide in the Tampa Bay area.
        

          

Police want to know who threw Molotov cocktails into an apartment

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Bradenton police say when they got to the home, they found heavy smoke coming out.
        

          

6-year old saved by first responders on Halloween gets special SWAT visit

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Dominick Keyes was hit by a truck while trick-or-treating.
        

          

Mom whose toddler was run over by an SUV lost another child in a 2015 crash, deputies say

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Both children were 2 years old.
        

          

Multi-Platinum record artist befriends inspiring St. Petersburg man with a disability

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Music star Andy Grammer is both inspired by and inspiring Andrew Brettner.
        

          

'Concerned Citizens of Carillon' sue St. Pete to keep Topgolf from coming to their community

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They claim that the city didn't hear them out.
        

          

Publix chicken tender subs are on sale this week

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You can get a whole chicken tender sub for just $6.99 beginning Thursday.
        

          

Reddito energetico regionale, Melis (M5S): “proposta in IV Commissione”

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Savona / Genova | A settembre il Gruppo M5S, con primo firmatario Andrea Melis, ha depositato in Regione Liguria una proposta di legge per incrementare il cosiddetto “reddito energetico”. La proposta è oggi approdata alla IV Commissione dove lo stesso >

L'articolo Reddito energetico regionale, Melis (M5S): “proposta in IV Commissione” proviene da AlbengaCorsara News - ultime notizie Liguria, Albenga, città provincia Savona, Regione Liguria: attualità, economia, politica, spettacoli, cultura, eventi.


          

Legge di bilancio/ Detrazioni al 19%: dai medici privati con il bancomat, nel Ssn e per i farmaci in contanti

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L’ultima novità prevista dalla bozza della manovra riguarda le spese sanitarie che con oltre 18 miliardi di euro rappresentano anche la quota maggiore di sconti fiscali utilizzati dagli italiani. L'altra novità: per i redditi alti la detraibilità totale delle spese sanitarie resta in caso di esenzione per patologia. L'ultima versione della manovra
          

Hello darkness, my old friend. From: reddit.com/user/ChunkyPudding13

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Hello darkness, my old friend. From: reddit.com/user/ChunkyPudding13
          

I need my subtitles. From: reddit.com/user/The_Brogrelord

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I need my subtitles. From: reddit.com/user/The_Brogrelord
          

Slick. From: reddit.com/user/Dank_Memer4

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Slick. From: reddit.com/user/Dank_Memer4
          

I remember the “NX”. From: reddit.com/user/AverageBurgerboy

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I remember the “NX”. From: reddit.com/user/AverageBurgerboy
          

Agata, la cantante neomelodica aveva il reddito  di cittadinanza

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Agata,   la cantante neomelodica aveva il reddito  di cittadinanza

Ventisei anni del Librino, star del concerto abusivo conclusosi con 13 denunce. «Il mio nuovo disco pagato con il sussidio? Sono una persona onesta»


          

Workday gets serious about spend, acquires source-to-pay vendor Scout RFP

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Workday gets serious about spend, acquires source-to-pay vendor Scout RFP Phil Wainewright Wed, 11/06/2019 - 15:15
Summary:
Workday's acquisition of Scout RFP shows it's serious about spend management but what's its strategy and how does that impact spend pureplay Coupa?

Business man at desk holds large burlap money bag with US dollar sign © nito - shutterstock

Is spend management an add-on to finance or a separate category? Workday is putting that question to the test with its acquisition of up-and-coming source-to-pay vendor Scout RFP, announced this week. It plants Workday on the same turf as Coupa — whose CEO told diginomica today he welcomes the move — as well as broadening its competitive front against ERP giants SAP and Oracle.

Workday has agreed to pay $540 million in an all-cash transaction to acquire Scout RFP. It expects to complete the deal before the close of its current financial year at the end of January. Through Workday Ventures, it has been an investor in the company since late 2018.

Boosting Workday's source-to-pay appeal

As its name suggests, Scout RFP aims to streamline the process of sourcing suppliers, traditionally initiated by issuing a 'request for proposal' (RFP). Founded five years ago, the San Francisco-based SaaS company has grown fast thanks to the engaging user experience of its automated sourcing and auction platform. It has over 240 customers globally and claims to manage more than $38.5 billion in project spend.

The product already offers close integration with Workday's existing procurement solution. Workday Procurement has itself been growing fast, with more than 650 customers signed up, over half of whom are live. Workday says it does not intend to re-platform Scout RFP but will converge the data model, security model and user experience with its own products over time.

According to Michael Lamoureux, lead analyst in sourcing technology at independent sourcing specialist website Spend Matters, the acquisition is set to boost Workday's appeal in the rapidly expanding source-to-pay (S2P) market:

ScoutRFP opens up more of the extremely fast growing S2P space to Workday (which some value at $50 billion as a total addressable market), and Workday benefits from a product known more for its usability and adoption than just about any other sourcing platform on the global market.

Applying machine learning to procurement

It seems likely that Workday will also be eager to apply its machine learning capabilities to more of the source-to-pay process. At its recent Workday Rising conference. Barbara Larson, General Manager, Workday Financial Management, showed off how it is moving two procurement processes "from labour intensive to frictionless," explaining:

Starting with one of the more manual process flows, procure-to-pay — when accounts payable receives an invoice, machine learning will upload and scan the invoice, and based on past patterns, automatically route it to the most qualified person. They no longer need to manually input and route the invoices. The entire workflow gets faster, saving time and reducing cost.

Then there's contract to cash, where accounts receivable manually matches payments. Instead of having to maintain complex rules to process payments, machine learning will recommend the invoices to match. And when there isn't enough detail, the machine presents the most likely match. Over time, the machine gets smarter and matching becomes more accurate, reducing the amount of manual work.

Integrating these and other automated source-to-pay processes into the core Workday Financials product will no doubt be an important selling point for both products.

New competition for Coupa

The acquisition creates a significant new competitor for cloud spend management vendor Coupa, but its CEO Rob Bernshteyn, who is London for its annual EMEA customer event, told me today that he welcomes Workday's entry into the market. He believes it brings more focus on the spend management sector and Coupa's own product offering:

In general, I think it's a very good thing to see more enthusiasm, more engagement, in this broader, large addressable market ...

There'll be more people — in that case and many other cases — thinking through how to address the problems around business spend management. We're trying to galvanise more focus on this area, because there's so much opportunity.

My take

Anyone who wondered if Workday had lost its appetite for acquisitions after spending $1.5 billion on Adaptive Insights last year has their answer. Dropping a cool half-billion on spend management sends a clear signal, but perhaps this should not surprise given the growth of the existing procurement offering and the attention it was given at Rising.

I've highlighted the focus on automating spend processes at Rising because my sense is that part of the thinking behind this acquisition comes out of Workday CEO Aneel Bhusri's belief that enterprises must harness the power of machine learning to survive. Sourcing and procurement is an area where there's huge scope for applying machine learning — as Coupa identified several years ago. Couple that with an obvious synergy between procurement and finance, and you can see a big opportunity opening up for Workday.

I get the feeling though that Coupa's CEO relishes the challenge from Workday. It spurs Coupa to continue to differentiate itself with a far more comprehensive offering for enterprises that see spend management not just as an automation opportunity but also as a strategic play. I'll have more on that in the next few days out of Coupa's EMEA event, including an interview with Bernshteyn, some news and customer stories.

Image credit - Business man at desk holds large burlap money bag with US dollar sign © nito - shutterstock

Disclosure - Coupa, Oracle and Workday are diginomica premier partners at time of writing


          

En defensa de Pokémon Sol y Luna: por qué me parecen dos de las entregas más brillantes de la saga

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En defensa de Pokémon Sol y Luna: por qué me parecen dos de las entregas más brillantes de la saga

Ahora que están a punto de llegar Espada y Escudo, las entregas de nueva generación se enfrentan a algunas de las expectativas más feroces que la saga ha experimentado en toda su historia. Por un lado, suponen el salto definitivo de la serie principal a una consola de sobremesa en HD, y por otro, se han generado nubarrones de tormenta en torno a ellas por la polémica de la Pokédex Nacional (no será posible tener a todas las criaturas existentes en estos juegos). A todo eso hay que sumarle que, para muchos, las anteriores iteraciones fueron una pequeña decepción.

Digo pequeña porque, a decir verdad, hasta hace un rato pensaba que era mayor. Dándome un paseo por Reddit en el rato previo a escribir este artículo, me he dado cuenta de que a la mayoría de usuarios en realidad sí que les gustaron Pokémon Sol y Luna. Con bastantes reservas, eso sí. Sigue siendo Pokémon, a poco que te guste la fórmula echas un buen rato. No obstante, muchos consideran que son de las entregas más flojas que se han lanzado. Con el paso de los años, este recibimiento semi-negativo me ha ido sorprendiendo cada vez más y más, ya que en el momento de su salida a algunos nos parecieron geniales. De hecho, son de mis favoritas.

Supongo que eso puede considerarse una opinión impopular, pero en realidad tampoco es para tanto. Al fin y al cabo, todos tenemos ese juego al que amamos con locura a pesar de que el resto no lo comparta. Llevo siendo fan de Pokémon desde que aprendí a encender una videoconsola, y no ha habido una sola generación a la que no le haya dedicado sus buenas horas, pero Sol y Luna me transmitieron algo más que la mayoría de entregas: un encanto coherente y honesto.

Alola, una región llena de vida

Tampoco voy a decir que fueran la revolución que la saga necesitaba, ni mucho menos. Game Freak siempre ha llevado el inmovilismo formulaico por bandera, pero dentro de eso, se nota que en las últimas generaciones es cuando más están haciendo por cambiar. Fuera de novedades mecánicas relativamente anecdóticas como los Movimientos Z, Alola fue la primera región de la saga principal en desechar la estructura por cuadrículas y los monigotes cabezones. Hasta el momento era la más viva y por la que más gusto daba pasear.

Los entornos tropicales ayudaban, desde luego. Todo era colorido, lleno de detalles hasta donde la pobre 3DS era capaz, y con Pokémon por todos lados que le aportan ese toque tan carismático a su mundo. A veces, con tanto combate y estadística, se me olvida que una de las mejores cosas de Pokémon es simplemente adentrarse en el universo de esos bichos extraños y convivir con ellos. Todavía estamos muy lejos de un juego en el que la interacción con nuestras criaturas vaya mucho más allá de las tortas (aunque la posibilidad de acariciarlos y jugar con ellos en las generaciones recientes es un buen avance), pero el simple hecho de sentir que ocupamos el mismo espacio que ellos, que existen al margen de nosotros, ya es estimulante. Alola es una ambientación muy rica, y sus raíces temáticas van más allá de lo visual.

Pokémon Sol y Luna

La magia de Pokémon está, cómo no, en los propios Pokémon. Los integrantes de la séptima generación no es que sean mis favoritos a nivel de diseño (ese honor se lo lleva la tercera), pero toda esta tanda hace gala de una cohesión encantadora con la nueva región y todas sus inspiraciones. Hawaii cobra vida en forma de monstruos de bolsillo de la más variopinta índole: tucanes, cangrejos yeti, pepinos de mar, castillos de arena fantasmas, monos futbolistas, isópodos samurais, búhos arqueros y mucho más.

Además, cada uno de ellos tiene uno o varios rasgos distintivos que los hacen únicos. Ya sea una habilidad especial que configura una estrategia completamente propia, movimientos exclusivos, métodos de evolución que se salen de la norma, o simplemente una forma original de localizarlos. Mi favorito en este sentido es Mareanie, un Pokémon basado en las coronas de espinas que devoran corales. En los juegos, solo puede encontrarse cuando un Corsola salvaje, criatura basada en estos últimos, pide ayuda en combate. Entonces, Mareanie aparece y ataca al compañero que le pidió ayuda; al fin y al cabo, es un depredador de corales.

Puede sonar anecdótico, pero este tipo de detalles son los que le dan vida a la región de Alola. Game Freak tuvo muy clara la personalidad de estos juegos en todo momento, y a la hora de construirlos encaminó cada uno de sus elementos en esa dirección. Las formas regionales de Pokémon conocidos adaptados a un nuevo ecosistema o las Pokémonturas que sustituyeron a las molestas MO son dos buenos ejemplos. Incluso la sustitución de los gimnasios por las pruebas insulares, que a decir verdad eran un poco ridículas, pero la chicha estaba en los combates contra los Pokémon dominantes que las culminaban.

Por una vez en la saga, se diseñaron los enfrentamientos en base a una filosofía de desequilibrio. Ahora, el Pokémon en cuestión tiene uno o varios de sus atributos reforzados y puede llamar a un ayudante, convirtiendo la pelea en un dos contra uno. La verdad es que funcionó bastante bien. Jugando sin Repartir Experiencia (que era el principal culpable de que el juego fuera tan fácil, una de las quejas más frecuentes) llegaban incluso a ponerse difíciles. Se planteaban combos de ataques entre ayudante y dominante, lo que le daba cierta profundidad estratégica a la hora de forzarnos a pensar en cómo anticiparnos a ellos.

Sin ser impresionante, su guion es el más trabajado

Quizás no fueran el puñetazo en la mesa que la saga necesitaba, pero Sol y Luna destilaban un aroma propio y una identidad que los desmarcaba. Para mí, el punto fuerte estuvo en su manejo de la historia, la mejor de toda la saga principal si me preguntas. Tampoco es que este fuera el punto fuerte de Pokémon (con la honrosa excepción de la quinta generación), pero me sorprendió gratamente que por una vez le dieran importancia a desarrollar sus personajes, a la estructura de su guion y a su corpus temático.

Nos brindaron a la memorable Lilia, quien va creciendo con nosotros a lo largo del viaje hasta lograr un protagonismo casi total, con varias secuencias increíblemente catárticas al final. También a Tilo, que debajo de esa sonrisa constante escondía un conflicto interno por sentir que no estaba a la altura de lo que se esperaba de él (el pobre puede ser algo cargante, lo sé). Ambos, junto con el protagonista que llega recién mudado a Alola, deben aprender a adaptarse a los entornos que les son más hostiles, y a utilizar eso como catalizador para su crecimiento personal.

Pokémon Sol y Luna

Porque eso es lo que caracteriza a Pokémon Sol y Luna a nivel temático en casi todas sus vertientes: la adaptación al medio, la posibilidad de sacar fuerzas de flaqueza cuando todo nos resulta extraño, y los nuevos caminos que descubrimos con ello. Está en su guion, está en las criaturas que han cambiado de forma por vivir en un hábitat diferente, y está en muchos de sus sistemas; nuevos, extraños, con aciertos y fallos por doquier, pero que nos instan a recontextualizar lo que sabíamos de Pokémon desde un prisma, por una vez, levemente distinto.

Nunca se me olvidará el momento en el que eliges a tu Pokémon inicial. Por norma general en la franquicia, suele ser eso, lo seleccionas y punto. Aquí, sin embargo, tenías que esperar antes a un pequeño ritual: el Pokémon en cuestión tiene que elegirte a ti también, porque esto va de compañerismo mutuo. Evidentemente, la respuesta siempre es sí, pero culmina en un abrazo tan tierno con el bicho que reblandece hasta el hormigón armado.

Por desgracia, esta y muchas otras cosas más cambian en Ultrasol y Ultraluna, que me parecieron notablemente inferiores por la cantidad de concesiones que hacían y que minimizaban ese carisma electrizante que vi en las entregas originales. Especialmente en todo lo relacionado con la inserción de Necrozma en el guion.

Se quedaron unas vacaciones tropicales resultonas

Podría seguir hablando un buen rato más de las otras cosas que me gustan de estas entregas: lo divertida que es la modalidad Battle Royale, lo tronchante que es el Team Skull, lo tierno que es limpiar y cuidar a nuestros Pokémon tras una batalla, o irnos a tomar café mientras escuchamos una anécdota del dependiente. También de algunas de mis especies favoritas de la generación, como Mimikyu y Rowlet. En general, un conjunto de factores entrañables que ayuda a dar empaque a su ficción. Pero esto ya se está alargando demasiado.

Entiendo perfectamente las críticas que pueda haber. Son juegos exageradamente lineales, aunque eso lleva ocurriendo en la saga desde hace unas cuantas generaciones. Los primeros compases pueden llegar a hacerse bastante tediosos, con unos tutoriales que se alargan demasiado y que manejan regular el ritmo. Además, el contenido post-game no es que sea el más brillante que se ha visto en la serie principal.

Son quejas que te pueden afectar más o menos. A mí me gustó explorar Alola por su ambientación tan cuidada y más cosas, a pesar de la linealidad. También me gustó el enfoque más narrativo, aunque a algunos se les hizo demasiado pesado con tanta charla y cinemática. Pokémon apela a una demografía tan amplia (niños pequeños, adultos nostálgicos, veteranos del competitivo, etc…) que es imposible dar con una tecla unánime.

En lo personal, doy las gracias por que Sol y Luna decidieran apartarse un poco y priorizar una personalidad refrescante y divertida para crear un mundo que estuve encantado de habitar. Hacían más énfasis en la convivencia y en las pequeñas cosas, las anécdotas y los detalles que brillaban con maestría, dando lugar a una experiencia en la que los Pokémon y la naturaleza eran los protagonistas. Espero que Espada y Escudo también me conquisten a su manera.

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Pokémon Espada y Escudo nos muestra en acción a todos los Pokémon nuevos confirmados hasta el momento

La gandeza de Galar y su exótica belleza en 6 minutos de Pokémon Espada y Escudo (Actualizado)

El entrenamiento competitivo de Pokémon será más fácil en Espada y Escudo gracias a estos nuevos objetos

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La noticia En defensa de Pokémon Sol y Luna: por qué me parecen dos de las entregas más brillantes de la saga fue publicada originalmente en Vida Extra por Jonathan León .


          

Comment on Kratom’s Effects on the Brain by Cat

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"Kratom doesn’t lead to addiction" Tell that to literally everyone on the "I quit kratom" subreddit. Kratom doesn't "cause negative physical side effects such as respiratory depression, constipation, and increasing dosage tolerance." Tell that to literally everyone who has ever done kratom for any extended period of time. Kratom sucks after using it for a few months. It's NOT just a non-addictive painkiller and some coffee - it's hell and many people report losing their health and even their hair over this BS. This article is FOS. It's probably paid for by the same people who sell kratom. You should be ashamed of yourself, but you're probably not. I hope you pay for the lies, tho... Somehow.
          

Shinichiro Watanabe (Carole & Tuesday, Cowboy Bebop) risponde ai fan su reddit!

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none
          

A glimpse into Minnesota's cannabis future

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A CannCon symposium delved into the opportunities and hurdles companies will face if Minnesota legalizes recreational pot.
        

          

Foggy mornings ahead of late week heat

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Morning fog is more extensive, reaching into the inland valleys Wednesday morning. A warming trend will give us a brief period of heat, peaking Saturday.
        

          

Libre à vous ! Radio Cause Commune - Transcription de l'émission du 29 octobre 2019

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Bannière de l'émission

Titre : Émission Libre à vous ! diffusée mardi 29 octobre 2019 sur radio Cause Commune
Intervenant·e·s : Marie-Odile Morandi - Jean-Baptiste Kempf - Jean-Christophe Becquet - Frédéric Couchet - Étienne Gonnu à la régie
Lieu : Radio Cause Commune
Date : 29 octobre 2019
Durée : 1 h 30 min
Écouter ou télécharger le podcast
Page des références utiles concernant cette émission
Licence de la transcription : Verbatim
Illustration : Bannière radio Libre à vous - Antoine Bardelli ; licence CC BY-SA 2.0 FR ou supérieure ; licence Art Libre 1.3 ou supérieure et General Free Documentation License V1.3 ou supérieure. Logo radio Cause Commune, avec l'accord de Olivier Grieco.
NB : transcription réalisée par nos soins, fidèle aux propos des intervenant·e·s mais rendant le discours fluide.
Les positions exprimées sont celles des personnes qui interviennent et ne rejoignent pas nécessairement celles de l'April, qui ne sera en aucun cas tenue responsable de leurs propos.

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Transcription

Voix off : Libre à vous !, l’émission pour comprendre et agir avec l’April, l’association de promotion et de défense du logiciel libre.

Frédéric Couchet : Bonjour à toutes. Bonjour à tous. Vous êtes sur la radio Cause Commune 93.1 en Île-de-France et partout dans le monde sur le site causecommune.fm. La radio dispose également d’une application Cause Commune pour téléphone mobile.
Merci à vous d’être avec nous aujourd’hui.
La radio dispose également d’un salon web, utilisez votre navigateur web, rendez-vous sur le site de la radio, causecommune.fm, cliquez sur « chat » et retrouvez-nous ainsi sur le salon dédié à l’émission.
Nous sommes mardi 29 octobre 2019, nous diffusons en direct, mais vous écoutez peut-être une rediffusion ou un podcast.

Soyez les bienvenus pour cette nouvelle édition de Libre à vous !, l’émission pour comprendre et agir avec l’April, l’association de promotion et de défense du logiciel libre. Je suis Frédéric Couchet, le délégué général de l’April.

Aujourd’hui c’est une émission exceptionnelle, car c’est la 42e émission de Libre à vous ! et 42 est un nombre fétiche dans la culture geek, informatique, la culture de l’imaginaire. C’est issu de l’œuvre de science-fiction de Douglas Adams qui était originellement un feuilleton radiophonique sur la BBC, totalement déjanté, et ensuite une série de livres, Le guide du voyageur galactique. Imaginez un peuple extraterrestre, intelligent, qui construit le plus puissant ordinateur de tous les temps pour trouver la réponse à la question sur la vie, l’univers et le reste. Après 7,5 millions d’années de calcul et de réflexion, l’ordinateur propose la réponse : 42. Le problème, c’est que personne n’a jamais su vraiment la question précise.
Pour connaître la suite de l’histoire, je vous invite à lire l’œuvre de Douglas Adams et nous allons faire dans l’émission quelques clins d’œil à cette œuvre de Douglas Adams.
Déjà, pour les personnes qui partent en vacances ou autre, n’oubliez pas, évidemment, de prendre avec vous des podcasts de Cause Commune pour accompagner votre voyage et n’oubliez pas, surtout, votre serviette c’est en effet l’outil indispensable pour tout auto-stoppeur galactique qu’il doit avoir ou qu’elle doit avoir en permanence.

Le site web de l’April c’est april.org et vous y trouvez d’ores et déjà une page consacrée à l’émission avec toutes les références utiles, les détails sur les pauses musicales et les moyens de nous contacter.
Si vous souhaitez réagir, poser une question pendant ce direct, n’hésitez pas à vous connecter sur le salon web de la radio, donc sur causecommune.fm, et vous pouvez également nous appeler 09 50 39 67 59 ; je répète 09 50 39 67 59.

Nous vous souhaitons une excellente écoute.

Voici maintenant le programme de l’émission.
Dans quelques secondes nous allons commencer par la chronique de Marie-Odile Morandi, animatrice du groupe Transcriptions, qui va nous parler de communs numériques.
D’ici dix à quinze minutes nous aborderons notre sujet principal qui portera sur le fameux lecteur multimédia libre VLC avec notre invité Jean-Baptiste Kempf.
En fin d’émission nous aurons la chronique de Jean-Christophe Becquet, président de l’April, sur Wikidata, relier tous les serveurs du monde.
À la réalisation de l’émission aujourd’hui Étienne Gonnu. Bonjour Étienne.

Étienne Gonnu : Salut Fred.

Frédéric Couchet : Comme à chaque émission on va vous proposer un petit quiz. Vous pouvez proposer les réponses soit sur le salon web, soit sur les réseaux sociaux.
Première question : lors de l’émission du 15 octobre 2019, nous avons parlé de Google et des assistants personnels connectés. Par quel prénom et pourquoi on a proposé de renommer les assistants personnels connectés ?
Deuxième question : nous allons parler du lecteur multimédia libre VLC au cours de cette émission. Savez-vous pourquoi l’icône de VLC est un cône de chantier ?

Tout de suite place au premier sujet.

[Virgule musicale]

Chronique « Les transcriptions qui redonnent le goût de la lecture » de Marie-Odile Morandi sur les communs numériques

Frédéric Couchet : Les choix voire les coups de cœur de Marie-Odile Morandi qui met en valeur deux ou trois transcriptions dont elle conseille la lecture, c’est la chronique « Les transcriptions qui redonnent le goût de la lecture » de Marie-Odile Morandi, animatrice du groupe Transcriptions. Bonjour Marie-Odile.

Marie-Odile Morandi : Bonjour.

Frédéric Couchet : Le sujet du jour dont tu souhaites nous parler aujourd’hui : les communs numériques. Nous t’écoutons.

Marie-Odile Morandi : Effectivement, ce mois-ci dans la chronique j’ai souhaité faire une rétrospective des transcriptions de conférences et interventions de Lionel Maurel, publiées par notre groupe, de « La dictature du copyright » à « Faire atterrir les communs numériques » sur le sol terrestre.
Les transcriptions auxquelles je vais me référer sont listées à l’onglet références de la page relative à l’émission d’aujourd’hui sur le site april.org, mais il y en a aussi d’autres que vous pouvez retrouver sur la partie consacrée aux transcriptions, toujours sur le site de l’April.

Pour savoir qui est Lionel Maurel et quels sont ses sujets de prédilection, je vais m’appuyer sur la transcription de l’émission 13 du Vinvinteur qui date de 2013, d’une durée d’une quarantaine de minutes ; à noter que cette émission n’existe plus. Lionel Maurel y était interviewé par Jean-Marc Manach. Il nous explique que le pseudo qu’il a choisi, Calimaq, fait référence à un certain Callimaque de Cyrène, un des premiers bibliothécaires de la bibliothèque d'Alexandrie dans l’Antiquité. En effet, Lionel est à la fois bibliothécaire et juriste d’où aussi le nom de son blog : lex, la loi et SI sciences de l’information donc S.I.Lex. Avec cette double casquette, Lionel s’intéresse aux problèmes juridiques liés au droit d’auteur et aux licences libres qui, dit-il, « mettent le droit d'auteur sens dessus dessous en laissant l’auteur au centre du dispositif ».
Dans cet entretien il explique ce que sont les biens communs avec la nécessaire prise de conscience qu'il y a un écosystème numérique dans lequel il faut défendre la neutralité du Net et préserver certaines libertés essentielles, avec des références au logiciel libre et à l’intelligence collective.

Je vous laisse lire cette transcription avec en bonus les explications que donne Lionel Maurel concernant la compilation hebdomadaire qu’il réalise, le Copyright Madness, c’est-à-dire les dérives de la propriété intellectuelle, du droit des marques et du droit des brevets, ce qui, généralement, ne manque pas de sel.

Concernant le droit d’auteur, nous avions transcrit une intervention de Lionel Maurel à l’université de Compiègne en 2016 intitulée « Contenus numériques : droit d'auteur et licences libres » qui dure une heure et 40 minutes. Cette intervention est un cours complet et j’invite toutes les personnes qui sont intéressées par ce sujet, soit personnellement, soit dans un cadre professionnel, à écouter ce cours et à relire sa transcription : les thèmes abordés vont des notions de base du droit d’auteur, son fonctionnement, sa gestion, ses exceptions, pour arriver à l’application de ce droit sur Internet et terminer par les licences Creative Commons auxquelles est faite une large part. C’est un ensemble très complet qui mérite vraiment d’être relu régulièrement.

Toujours concernant les licences libres, Lionel Maurel avait fait une intervention d’une dizaine de minutes au Paris Open Source Summit de 2017 intitulée : « Creative Commons. Où en est-on en 2017 ? »
Il rappelle l’origine de ces licences, c’est-à-dire la façon dont Lawrence Lessig aux États-Unis, suite à sa défaite en tant qu’avocat pour empêcher l’allongement de 50 à 70 ans du copyright après la mort de l’auteur, souhaite « redonner directement aux créateurs le pouvoir de changer les choses et d’ouvrir leurs œuvres directement à la base en utilisant leur droit d’auteur non pas pour mettre des restrictions, mais pour donner des autorisations ». Il rappelle que certaines de ces licences ne sont pas libres au sens classique des termes des licences pour les logiciels libres dont elles s’inspirent. Je mentionne que les musiques qui sont diffusées durant les émissions Libre à vous ! sont réellement libres, c’est-à-dire Attribution et Partage à l’identique si elles sont publiées sous une licence Creative Commons.
Je vous laisse lire les conclusions de cette intervention, somme toutes optimistes, ce qui est de bonne augure, avec la présentation de belles réussites d’œuvres placées sous ces licences Creative Commons.

Lionel Maurel s’intéresse aussi au matériel et il avait tenu une conférence d’environ une heure au festival Pas Sage En Seine de 2016 intitulée : « Que manque-t-il pour avoir des licences Open Hardware qui fonctionnent ».
Avoir du matériel vraiment libre est un enjeu fort, mais difficile parce qu’on entre dans le champ de la propriété industrielle qui comporte d’autres droits, les dessins et modèles, les marques, les brevets. Le droit d’auteur et la propriété industrielle ne fonctionnent pas du tout de la même manière, les règles sont différentes : pour obtenir un droit de propriété industrielle il faut notamment faire un dépôt.
Actuellement ce mouvement se développe. Une fondation s’est montée, donne des instructions sur comment on doit faire pour être dans une démarche d’open source hardware et propose une définition : « conceptions réalisées publiquement et disponibles de manière à ce que n’importe qui puisse étudier, modifier, distribuer, créer et vendre un design ou un produit basé sur ce design », ce qui ressemble beaucoup à la définition du logiciel libre.

Lionel Maurel estime qu’il y a trois stratégies possibles pour libérer le matériel :

  • la première serait de publier la documentation de ce qu’on a produit et verser directement l’invention dans le domaine public. Sauf qu’il existe aux États-Unis les patent trolls qui pourraient s’en servir. Ce sont ces sociétés qui ne fabriquent rien, déposent le plus de brevets possibles et vivent de la menace des procès qu’elles peuvent faire ;
  • deuxième pratique : documenter le projet : expliquer la démarche, le processus de fabrication, publier les plans, les fichiers de conception, préparer un maximum de documentation et tout publier sous licence libre. Sauf que la seule chose qui peut être protégée par le droit d’auteur c’est le texte de la documentation et absolument pas l’objet réalisé à partir de cette documentation ;
  • la dernière stratégie c’est de se dire, puisqu’il faut un brevet, eh bien déposons des brevets et ensuite ouvrons-les. Sauf qu’il faudra engager la procédure de dépôt, payer les coûts et, pour un petit constructeur, un petit inventeur, ce n’est certainement pas possible.

Lionel Maurel propose des solutions que je laisse découvrir aux auditeurs qui liront la transcription. Pour lui il y a là un champ sur lequel faire de la recherche. Il appelle les personnes intéressées à participer car, dit-il, c’est un peu sous-estimé par le monde du Libre qui devrait être beaucoup plus présent sur le sujet.

La dernière conférence en date qui a été transcrite est son intervention au Colloque « Territoires solidaires en commun : controverses à l'horizon du translocalisme », de juin 2019 et qui dure environ une heure.

Là encore, il nous propose quelque chose de très complet, très documenté, avec des références à de nombreux auteurs ce qui permettra aux personnes qui le souhaitent d’approfondir leurs connaissances.

Habituellement, dans notre esprit, nous distinguons les communs matériels, tangibles, des communs de la connaissance, des communs informationnels qui vont être des communs immatériels, intangibles.

Charlotte Hess, qui a travaillé avec Elinor Ostrom, se pose la question : « C’est quoi Internet ? C’est la machine que j’ai devant moi. Il y a un fil. Le fil va à un serveur. Le serveur va à d’autres fils. D’autres ordinateurs sont reliés à ce serveur qui est relié à un système d’information. Ce réseau est relié par des câbles au réseau des réseaux qu’est Internet », et elle fait ainsi une description qui n’a absolument rien d’immatériel ; Internet est indissociable d'un certain nombre d'objets – ordinateurs, câbles, serveurs. Donc, nous dit-elle : « On peut penser Internet comme un commun local et global », montrant que les communs de la connaissance ont une dimension matérielle.
Sur Internet, tout ce que vous allez échanger va laisser une trace quelque part et cette trace n’est pas du tout virtuelle, elle est matérielle parce qu’elle est inscrite dans une infrastructure physique. Nos données ne sont pas du tout stockées dans un nuage, elles sont stockées dans des datacenters, ces immenses hangars extrêmement matériels ; c’est la fameuse phrase « le cloud, le nuage, c’est toujours l’ordinateur de quelqu’un d’autre. »
Donc le fait de nous présenter Internet comme quelque chose d’immatériel est extrêmement faux. L’idée selon laquelle le numérique allait nous permettre de produire les choses avec moins de matière est elle aussi fausse. On lit régulièrement que la consommation électrique due à Internet est préoccupante, à laquelle il faut ajouter les coûts de production des machines, sans oublier les déchets en fin de course qui sont difficilement recyclables. D’où les problèmes sur l’environnement. On en revient à des sujets d’actualité.

Selon un des auteurs cités, une réelle émancipation « impliquera de se réapproprier toute cette chaîne logistique numérique aujourd’hui intégralement privatisée et aliénée ». Il faut qu’on fasse des centres de stockage des données autogérés et contrôlés par nous-mêmes.

Lionel Maurel nous rappelle alors l’existence des fournisseurs d’accès à Internet associatifs, c’est-à-dire ces associations qui disent : « L’accès à Internet est un droit fondamental, donc nous allons tirer des câbles et nous gérerons nous-mêmes la couche physique du réseau. »
Lionel Maurel nous rappelle les projets de l’association Framasoft et l’excellente idée du collectif d’hébergeurs CHATONS. Nos données se trouveront à un niveau local, sur les serveurs d’une entreprise ou d’une association proche de chez nous, qui a signé une charte avec notamment la clause de ne pas utiliser nos données personnelles, donc respect de la vie privée.
Ainsi Internet redevient « translocal », thème de cette conférence.

Actuellement de nombreux penseurs s’interrogent sur la matérialité d’Internet et sur son coût écologique que nous avons sans doute négligé.
Cette dernière conférence m’a particulièrement intéressée, avec, il me semble, une évolution de la pensée, et j’ai souhaité partager.
Transcrire les conférences de Lionel Maurel, défenseur de longue date des logiciels libres, est toujours un plaisir. N’hésitez pas à rejoindre notre groupe Transcriptions, vous ne le regretterez pas !

Frédéric Couchet : Merci Marie-Odile. Tu nous a donné envie de lire ces conférences de Lionel Maurel.
Je précise que le collectif CHATONS est le Collectif des Hébergeurs Alternatifs Transparents Ouverts Neutres et Solidaires dont nous avons déjà parlé dans les émissions Libre à vous ! du 18 juin et du 16 avril 2019. Vous retrouverez les podcasts sur april.org et causecommune.fm. Je précise également que tu as parlé des patent trolls, de ces trolls de brevets. On en reparlera rapidement en fin d’émission parce que c’est dans l’actualité.
Marie-Odile je te remercie et je te souhaite de passer une belle journée.

Marie-Odile Morandi : À vous de même. Bonne soirée.

[Virgule musicale]

Frédéric Couchet : On va passer une pause musicale. Nous allons écouter La fin de Saint Valéry par Ehma. On se retrouve juste après. Belle journée à l’écoute de Cause Commune.

Pause musicale : La fin de Saint Valéry par Ehma.

Frédéric Couchet : Nous venons d’écouter La fin de Saint Valéry par Ehma, disponible en licence Art libre. Vous retrouverez les références sur le site de l’April, april.org et sur le site de Cause Commune, causecommune.fm.

Ne paniquez pas, vous êtes toujours avec l'April pour l’émission Libre à vous ! sur radio Cause commune 93.1 FM en Île-de-France et partout ailleurs sur le site causecommune.fm.

Nous allons passer à notre sujet principal.

[Virgule musicale]

Le lecteur multimédia libre VLC avec Jean-Baptiste Kempf président de VideoLAN et fondateur de la société Videolabs

Frédéric Couchet : Nous allons donc poursuivre par notre sujet principal qui porte aujourd’hui sur le célèbre lecteur multimédia libre VLC dont l’icône est un cône de chantier et nous allons bientôt apprendre les raisons de ce choix. Notre invité est Jean-Baptiste Kempf président de VideoLAN, l’association qui gère VLC, et fondateur de la société Videolabs qui crée des services autour de VLC et plus généralement des nouveautés autour de la vidéo. Bonjour Jean-Baptiste.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Bonjour.

Frédéric Couchet : On a déjà eu l’occasion d’avoir Jean-Baptiste dans l’émission en octobre 2018 pour nous parler de DRM, les fameuses menottes numériques sur lesquelles on reviendra très rapidement au cours de l’émission ; vous pouvez écouter évidemment le podcast. Déjà une première petite question, une présentation personnelle. Jean-Baptiste, d’où viens-tu ? Qui es-tu ? Quel est ton parcours ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Je m’appelle Jean-Baptiste. Je suis un geek, j’ai 36 ans, je suis Parisien, j’ai vécu la plupart de ma vie à Paris. Ça fait un bout de temps, à peu près 13 ou 14 ans, que je fais du VLC et que ça a pris de plus en plus de temps dans ma vie jusqu’à être mon métier principal.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est quoi un geek ? Tu as employé ce mot-là au début.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Oui. Quelqu’un qui adore coder et être sur son ordinateur. Moi j’ai toujours été dans le logiciel libre dès que je me suis mis à l’informatique, pendant que j’étais en école.

Frédéric Couchet : Donc un passionné notamment d’informatique.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Principalement.

Frédéric Couchet : Principalement.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Mais aussi de bons bouquins de fantaisie comme le Le Guide du voyageur galactique de l’espace.

[Rires]

Frédéric Couchet : En plus c’est un grand honneur de te recevoir car, depuis le 15 novembre 2018, tu as eu le grade de chevalier de l’ordre national du Mérite, c’est l’une des plus importantes décorations françaises. Ça a l’air de te faire soupirer mais en même temps ça récompense une dizaine d’années de contribution à la fois dans ta société et dans la communauté du Libre.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Ça va te faire rigoler parce je suis un gros boulet : je n’ai toujours pas récupéré cette décoration parce qu’il faut organiser une cérémonie, avoir quelqu’un qui te la remet, et je dois avouer que ce n’était pas vraiment dans mes priorités, notamment personnelles, cette année. Il faut absolument que je m’en occupe parce que sinon je ne vais jamais avoir le droit de la porter. C’est génial ; c’est clair, c’est génial parce que ça montre notamment qu’on a eu des gens dans l’État qui commencent à comprendre ce qu’est le logiciel libre et pourquoi c’est important pour l’État et pour la France. Ça c’est vraiment très cool. C’était Mounir, à l’époque, qui m’avait proposé.

Frédéric Couchet : Mahjoubi, qui était ministre du numérique [secrétaire d’État chargé du numérique].

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Maintenant c’est Cédric O, je crois, qui l’a remplacé. Donc c’est très cool. Par contre, ce que je n’aime pas : c’est une décoration personnelle pour un projet qui est un projet commun. C’est sûr que je suis la personne qui a passé le plus de temps autour de VLC et d’autres projets autour de VideoLAN, mais je suis toujours un peu mal à l’aise avec ça.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est le côté starisation qui ne te plaît pas.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Ouais. Il y a beaucoup trop de starisation dans tout ce qui est tech, tout ce qui est startup. On parle plus souvent, on voit plus souvent, à propos des startups, plus des photos des fondateurs que de leurs produits. Ça me gêne un peu ; ce n’est pas très grave, mais ça me gêne un peu.

Frédéric Couchet : OK. Avant d’oublier je précise que si des personnes qui écoutent veulent appeler pour faire une intervention et notamment poser une question à Jean-Baptiste, vous pouvez appeler le 09 50 39 67 59 et Étienne Gonnu, en régie, attend vos appels.
Déjà une petite première question. En fait de très nombreuses personnes utilisent VLC souvent sans savoir que c’est un logiciel libre et ça permet à ces personnes de lire des vidéos. Mais toi, quand tu présentes par exemple peut-être en soirée ce que tu fais, comment tu présentes VLC, en une ou deux phrases ? Petit résumé.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Ça dépend de qui est en face, du public, et ça dépend de si je veux troller ou pas. En général, ce que je dis, c’est que c’est un lecteur multimédia qui est capable de lire tous les formats de fichiers audio, vidéo et qui marche partout. Ça c’est l’accroche et après, surtout, je dis que c’est un logiciel libre, développé par une communauté, pour le bien commun.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. C’est intéressant parce qu’une des forces, effectivement, de VLC c’est de lire à peu près tous les formats de fichiers et on va y revenir dans la partie plus technique, présentation des fonctionnalités. Tu dis que c’est une communauté qui développe ça, justement, on va parler de l’histoire de ce projet. Comment c’est né ? Parce que c’est un projet très ancien, il y a de nombreuses années. Est-ce que tu peux nous raconter comment est né ce projet à l’École centrale de Paris, si j’ai bien suivi.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En fait, ce qui est marrant dans VLC, c’est qu’il n’y a pas eu de créateur de VLC et surtout il n’y a personne qui a voulu faire VLC. Souvent les gens, quand je leur raconte ça, ça les déçoit un peu, il n’y a personne qui s’est dit « je vais faire un nouveau lecteur vidéo, ça va être mieux que le reste ». En fait, c’est une succession de projets qui commence il y a très longtemps, et une partie du projet du projet est devenu VLC. Je vais m’expliquer un petit peu parce sinon c’est un peu flou.

Frédéric Couchet : Avec des dates.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Le projet originel date du fait que dans les années 60 l’École centrale Paris a déménagé de la gare de Lyon à Châtenay-Malabry dans le sud de Paris, pour des raisons un peu bizarres, mais notamment parce que l’Éducation nationale n’avait pas l’argent pour le faire. On s’est retrouvé avec une grande école française qui était sur un campus géré par des anciens élèves, donc privé. Et tout dans l’organisation du campus était fait par des étudiants : le téléphone, la télé, la radio, la cafétéria et le réseau informatique. Dans les années 80 ils mettent un réseau informatique et c’était un réseau informatique qui était basé sur Token Ring, donc un réseau très lent. Vers le milieu des années 90, ils veulent avoir un réseau plus rapide et quand ils vont voir l’École pour dire « on a besoin d’un nouveau réseau plus rapide », en particulier pour jouer, il ne faut pas mentir.

Frédéric Couchet : Pour jouer en réseau au début.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Pour jouer en réseau et l’École leur dit : « Écoutez, vous allez être gentils, vous allez l’utiliser pour jouer en réseau et pas du tout pour travailler » et surtout, la raison principale de l’École c’est « vous comprenez, le campus est privé, nous on ne peut rien y faire » ; ils disent : « Allez voir les partenaires ». C’est là que le projet qui s’appellait Network 2000 – on est en 1995, à l’époque, évidemment, tout projet s’appelle 2000 sinon ce n’est pas un vrai projet – ils vont voir des partenaires, ils vont voir notamment TF1 qui dit : « Le futur de la vidéo c’est le satellite — aujourd’hui c’est facile de rigoler, mais en 1995 c’était important — et pour 1500 étudiants s’il faut mettre 1500 décodeurs et 1500 antennes ça va coûter une fortune. Ce qu’on vous propose, c’est de mettre juste un réseau très rapide, numérique – ce sont les débuts de la vidéo numérique – on met une grosse antenne et on diffuse la vidéo sur tout le réseau hyper-rapide. Évidemment on est en 1994/95, les ordinateurs les plus puissants ce sont des 486DX-33, DX-66 ou des Pentium 60, c’est absolument impossible, sans avoir des grosses machines, de faire du décodage vidéo taille DVD à l’époque, sans matériel, mais ils le font quand même et c’est comme ça qu’ils justifient l’achat d’un nouveau réseau pour ce projet dans l’association des étudiants qui gérait le réseau informatique. À ce moment-là il n’y a pas du tout de VLC.
Ça finit, il y a une démo qui marche, ça crashe au bout de 50 secondes ; on fait une démo de 42 secondes, comme ça c’est nickel, c’était cross-platform, ça marchait grosso modo sous BeOS et Linux, rien d’autre, mais on montrait que c’était possible. Pendant un an il ne se passe plus rien. Il y a des étudiants en 98 qui disent : « C’est un projet qui est marrant, de diffusion de vidéos sur un réseau, il y a peut-être d’autres campus ou des réseaux d’entreprises qui sont intéressés ». Donc ils remontent un projet qui, à ce moment-là, s’appelle VideoLAN, lan qui veut dire réseau local en anglais. Donc ils montent le projet VideolAN. Ils sont en 98, ils ont comme objectif de devenir open source et d’être cross-platform. Mais dans VideoLAN, il y avait une partie serveur, une partie réseau, une autre partie un truc un peu compliqué, et il y avait une partie cliente. Mais la partie cliente ce n’était pas forcément le focus, parce que ce n’était pas forcément l’endroit le plus compliqué. La partie cliente s’appelle VideoLAN client.

Frédéric Couchet : Donc VLC.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : À ce moment-là tout le monde l’appelle VideoLAN client. Ça ne va s’appeler VLC que trois ou quatre ans plus tard. Au moment où en 2001, après une bataille de longue haleine, l’École autorise le changement de licence pour que ça passe d’une licence propriétaire vers une licence open source, libre.

Frédéric Couchet : Une licence libre, en l’occurrence la licence GNU GPL, General Public License.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Exactement. Ils ne précisent pas la version, ils disent GNU General Public License et ils ne précisent pas VLC, ils précisent « pour l’ensemble des logiciels du projet VideoLAN ». Donc VLC c’est une petite partie du projet VideoLAN, qui est un projet dont le but a été d’être libre, mais qui, au début ne l’était pas, basé sur un projet qui était originellement de faire un nouveau réseau parce qu’il y avait un réseau informatique lent à l’époque. À ce moment-là, quand ça passe en logiciel libre, c’est à ce moment-là qu’il y a des contributions extérieures importantes qui font que ça passe sous Windows et sous Mac OS rapidement et pas à l’initiative des élèves et que ça commence à démarrer à l’extérieur.
En fait il n’y a personne qui s’est dit « waouh, je vais faire un nouveau lecteur, je vais le porter partout ». Ce sont vraiment des étudiants, plusieurs générations d’étudiants parce qu’on parle de 1994 à 2002 pour le début de l’explosion et il n’y a personne qui s’est dit « je vais créer VLC ! »

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. L’École centrale de Paris c’est une école d’ingénieurs. Toi tu intègres l’École centrale à quelle date ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En 2003.

Frédéric Couchet : En 2003. Je suppose, comme tu l’as dit en introduction, tu es un geek et tu es là pour apprendre, que tout de suite le projet te plaît. Est-ce que tu contribues tout de suite ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est pire que ça. Moi j’ai choisi l’École centrale Paris parce que je savais que c’était une école où il y avait une association informatique qui faisait du Libre.

Frédéric Couchet : Tu as choisi l’école pour ça ! D’accord !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : J’avais rencontré en vacances quelqu’un ; j’ai eu le choix entre plusieurs grandes écoles et je suis allé à Centrale parce que je savais que un, il n’y avait pas beaucoup de cours et deux, parce qu’il y avait une association qui faisait du réseau, qui était sous Linux. Je n’y connaissais rien, c’était clair à l’époque. Donc ça a été mon choix, c’est pour ça que ça que je suis allé à Centrale.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est marrant parce que ça me rappelle ma propre histoire à Paris 8, mais des années avant parce que je suis un peu plus vieux que toi. Donc tu arrives à Centrale en 2003. À l’époque il n’y a pas d’association qui porte ce projet et, si j’ai bien suivi, c’est toi qui vas initier l’idée de créer une association qui va s’appeler VideoLAN.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En fait ça arrive bien plus tard parce qu’à l’époque entre les gens du réseau VIA et les gens de VideoLAN c'était très interconnecté. Je deviens vice-président de l’association du réseau et c’est moi, avec notamment un autre développeur qui s’appelle Rémi, qui portons pendant une année cette association, donc on fait des choses sur VideoLAN. La première chose que je fais sur VideoLAN c’est gérer la diffusion interne de la télévision pour le campus de Centrale. Et ça, ça doit être fin 2003/début 2004 que je commence à toucher au projet VideoLAN, mais pas du tout par la partie code, vraiment par la partie infrastructure. En fait, je fais un stage plus tard en 2005/2006 et je m’emmerde pendant ce stage.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est aux États-Unis, ce stage ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Pas du tout. J’étais au CEA [Commissariat à l'énergie atomique], à la direction des applications militaires. Le stage était génial, mais j’avais beaucoup trop de temps. Je me suis vraiment amusé sur le stage, mais c’est juste que ça n’allait pas assez vite pour moi. Donc j’ai fait deux choses : j’ai fait pas mal de documentation et j’ai commencé à aider sur VLC.
En fait, on s’est retrouvé un peu avec le problème que le projet était trop gros pour l’école, trop gros pour des étudiants, trop d’utilisateurs, et c’était très difficile de faire quoi que ce soit, surtout parce qu’en 2006/2007/2008 la nouvelle génération d’étudiants n’est vraiment pas intéressée par le projet. C’est à ce moment-là, fin 2007 et début 2008, que je lance l’idée de se séparer de l’école. Je crée l’association au VideoLAN Dev Days en décembre 2008, hébergée chez, Free et c’est là où on fait un vote, où on décide de créer une association. Début 2007 il n’y avait plus que deux personnes et demie actives sur le projet. Quand j’étais dans mon stage, comme tu l’as dit aux États-Unis, j’ai passé beaucoup de temps à retrouver des mondes, des anciens et des nouveaux, pour se remotiver autour de projet et ça va prendre quelques années pour qu’on arrive à la version 1.0 de VLC.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. On va y arriver. Petite question : le choix du cône chantier comme icône, c’était à cette époque-là ou pas ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Quand je suis arrivé, le cône de chantier était déjà là.

Frédéric Couchet : Est-ce que tu sais pourquoi le cône de chantier a été choisi ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Oui, je sais, évidemment !

Frédéric Couchet : Vas-y.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Il faut savoir, et je suis désolé pour les auditeurs, qu’il y a une bataille d’anciens pour expliquer quelle est la raison du cône, mais quand moi je suis arrivé à Centrale, c’est sûr, on avait des étages de 24 étudiants et sur l’étage du 2H, l’étage du réseau, il y avait à peu près une centaine de cônes, il y avait une armoire à cônes.

Frédéric Couchet : Le culte du cône !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Le culte avec des jeux physiques comme le cône acrobatique, le « côneball », des batailles, des montages de batailles moitié laser moitié cônes. Il y avait vraiment un culte sur le cône qui était très drôle, pas du tout malsain, attention pour ceux qui ont peur, très marrant et hyper deuxième ou troisième degré. À l’origine ils avaient besoin de parler à un étudiant qui ne voulait pas leur ouvrir la porte. En fait, après une soirée probablement un peu arrosée, ils ont utilisé le cône comme porte-voix pour l’appeler et l’alpaguer depuis sa fenêtre. Plutôt que d’avoir une petite mandoline pour chanter une sérénade, ils ont pris un cône qui était là. Ça c’était des gens autour du réseau et, en fait, dans la première sortie sous Linux X11.

Frédéric Couchet : X11 c’est l’environnement de fenêtrage graphique, on va dire.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Avant, la première version était en framebuffer, c’est encore au niveau plus bas. Ça passe à la première version. En fait, à l’origine, tout le monde se tirait un peu la bourre dans VLC, ce qui est normal parce qu’il y avait toujours plein de choses à faire, c’est super marrant, donc celui qui met la première version X11, il commit à quatre heures du matin, même si ce n’est pas fini, mais juste parce qu’il a quand même fait le plus gros du boulot, il envoie sa version et, pour montrer que ce n’est pas fini, il met comme icône le petit cône de chantier pour dire que c’est en travaux.
Ensuite Sam Hocevar, qui est un des génies qu’il y a eu autour du projet, dessine la première icône et ça reste. Ce n'est pas réfléchi, c’est complètement débile d’utiliser un cône de chantier pour un lecteur multimédia, mais c’est un coup marketing absolument génial parce que c’est hyper-reconnaissable. Là, maintenant, je vais partout dans le monde, quand je parle de VLC les gens connaissent déjà beaucoup plus que l’École centrale Paris ou des choses comme ça, mais, surtout, il y a plein de gens qui font : « Je ne sais pas trop » et tu dis : « Mais si, le cône qui lit des vidéos » et là, c’est universel.

Frédéric Couchet : Le cône de chantier. C’était une excellent idée et on salue Samuel Hocevar qui a aussi été le responsable du projet Debian, qui est aussi un grand fan de cinéma et notamment de La Classe américaine dont on parlera peut-être un jour. En tout cas, allez chercher sur un moteur de recherche Samuel Hocevar, c’est un génie.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Et qui a été un des premiers à introduire Wikipédia en France.

Frédéric Couchet : Exactement. C’est aussi un des fondateurs de Wikimédia France.
J’ai une petite question sur le salon web de la radio, je rappelle que c’est sur causecommune.fm, une réponse rapide, Marie-Odile qui demande : « Est-ce que cette école est toujours aussi sympa afin de la conseiller aux jeunes qui vont prochainement passer des concours ? » L’ECP ? Est-ce que tu conseillerais d’aller à l’ECP aujourd’hui ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Désolé, je n’en sais rien du tout. Maintenant elle s’appelle CentraleSupélec, ça a été fusionné avec Supélec. J’y vais de temps en temps parce que je suis toujours administrateur de l’association du réseau, je trouve que les gens sont toujours aussi cools, par contre je trouve que leur campus est quand même moins marrant que le nôtre.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. Voilà la réponse par rapport à ça. On a bien compris qu’au départ il y a pas mal d’étudiants et d’étudiantes qui ont contribué. On va revenir tout à l’heure sur la contribution concrète, aujourd’hui, à VLC, parce que les gens doivent se dire qu’il doit y avoir des centaines de personnes qui contribuent tous les jours à VLC. On va aussi parler du financement, mais dans une deuxième partie. On va revenir un petit peu, une fois passé cet historique, on remarque que c’est un logiciel libre qui existe depuis très longtemps, qui se développe. Aujourd’hui c‘est la version 3.0, c’est ça ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est ça.

Frédéric Couchet : 3.0. Tu l’as dit tout à l’heure, l’un des grands atouts de VLC en termes de fonctionnalité, c’est que ça intègre les codecs nécessaires à la lecture de la plupart des formats audio et vidéo et que VLC peut aussi lire à peu près tous les flux réseau. Donc le choix de VLC, pour beaucoup de gens, c’est aussi la qualité et la capacité d’accéder à peu près à tous les contenus. Une autre caractéristique c’est la capacité de lire des flux un petit peu endommagés et de les réparer à la volée, c’est assez magique ! Un autre avantage, et là j’aimerais bien que tu expliques comment vous faites, c’est le côté multiplateforme, parce que souvent les logiciels libres sont disponibles sur environnement Windows, Mac, GNU/Linux, mais vous allez encore plus loin, c’est de l’Android, c’est de l’iPhone, c’est OS2. C’est intégré dans certaines box et ça serait intéressant d’en reparler tout à l’heure. Comment vous faites pour ce côté multiplateforme ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Il y a plusieurs raisons. La première raison c’est que VLC est hyper-modulaire, contrairement par exemple à un autre lecteur multimédia qui est sur Linux qui s’appelle MPlayer, qui était là avant. Le cœur de VLC est tout petit, ça doit être un dixième du code, un vingtième du code, et après on a plein de modules. La raison pour laquelle VLC est passé en modules, ça n’est pas du tout une idée, une grande idée en disant « il faut absolument faire ça », c’était, je suis désolé pour le terme technique, pour raccourcir les temps de compilation à l’époque. Quand on faisait une modification on modifiait juste un module et on compilait, c’était beaucoup plus rapide que tout compiler.

Frédéric Couchet : La compilation c’est partir du code source pour arriver à la version compréhensible par l’ordinateur.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est ça. En fait, pour faire plus simple, c’était juste plus facile de développer, mais ça n’était pas dans le but d’être plus cross platform, c’était vraiment Sam qui voulait coder plus rapidement, donc pour aller plus rapidement dans son développement il est passé en modules. Et ce passage en modules, en fait c’est vraiment un coup de génie, qui n’était peut-être pas forcément vu à l’époque, c’est que ça a permis justement d’être sur plein de plateformes, parce que quand tu vas sur une autre plateforme tu fais juste une nouvelle sortie audio, une sortie vidéo, une nouvelle interface et puis c’est tout ; tu n’as pas à modifier tout le reste. Et, deuxième effet cool qui est très bien, c’est que ça permet aux gens qui rentrent dans le projet de commencer à contribuer sans être capables de comprendre ce qui se passe au cœur. Moi, pendant quasiment deux ans depuis le premier moment où j’ai codé sur VLC, je n’ai jamais rien fait dans le cœur de VLC parce que c’est compliqué ; mais ce n’est pas grave, comme ce sont des modules, tu rajoutes juste une fonctionnalité : tu veux un nouveau format, tu rajoutes juste un module ! Et quand tu veux placer sur d’autres plateformes, que tu as mentionnées, mais on est aussi sur Apple TV, sur Android TV, on a une version qui marche sur la PS4 – elle n’est pas publique parce que, pour des raisons de liberté, on ne peut pas la publier.
En fait, ce que je dis, c’est que VLC est un des logiciels le plus porté sur plein d’autres plateformes, en tout cas interfaces. On est sur plus de plateformes que Chrome, on est sur plus de plateformes que Firefox, que LibreOffice et je ne parle même pas, évidemment, de logiciels propriétaires comme Office ou Apple.
Il faut comprendre que, évidemment, ça prend beaucoup de temps, mais, en fait, le cœur de VLC est géré par cinq personnes. C’est important. Ce sont des gens très bons et je suis poli, à part moi ce sont vraiment des gens exceptionnels au niveau code, qui sont vraiment de classe internationale, qui sont hyper-bons, qui savent ce qu’ils font et c’est ça qui permet de supporter plein de plateformes. Ensuite on est très conservateurs sur notre approche du code. On écrit tout en C, un petit peu de C ++.

Frédéric Couchet : C, c’est un langage de programmation.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En langage de programmation C, donc vraiment du bas niveau, parce que c’est un langage qui est très limité mais qui est relativement simple, dont on connaît très bien les limites, donc ça permet à VLC de garder cette qualité. Et un truc important aussi concernant VLC, sa marque, c’est que les gens normaux, c’est-à-dire pas les gens qui passent leurs journées à recompiler leur VLC sur Linux, font confiance au code. Et ça c’est hyper-important. La deuxième raison c’est que dans VLC il y a des gens comme moi qui ont été hyper-embêtants sur la qualité du produit. J’ai emmerdé les autres développeurs des centaines de fois en disant « non, ça ce n’est pas possible, ça casse ce problème pour l’utilisateur ». J’ai passé des heures et des heures sur les forums, sur Twitter, etc., à écouter ce que voulaient nos utilisateurs, c’est hyper-important, ce n’est pas la partie la plus marrante. Pour moi c’est important d’avoir du produit qui fonctionne.

Frédéric Couchet : Justement sur la partie support j’ai une question : est-ce que globalement l’équipe reçoit plus d’encouragements ou de remerciements que de plaintes, ou traditionnellement… ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Non ! On n’entend que des plaintes, voire des insultes ou des menaces de mort.

Frédéric Couchet : À ce point-là !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Oui. Des gens ont envoyé des lettres anonymes que j’ai reçues chez mes parents. Il y a des tarés partout ! Par rapport aux centaines de millions d’utilisateurs, en fait c’est ridicule les plaintes. Évidemment, quand tu es de l’autre côté, tu ne vois que la partie négative et c’est vrai que de temps en temps tu as des mecs qui te dises : « C’est trop bien ! » Il y a des mecs qui m’ont envoyé de la bière parce que sur un thread reddit j’ai dû raconter qu’une des bières que j’adore c’est la Kasteel Rouge et il y a quelqu’un qui a envoyé chez mes parents une caisse de Kasteel Rouge, que j’ai bue.

Frédéric Couchet : Est-ce qu'il t'a invité au Dernier Restaurant avant la fin du monde ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Non, on ne m’a pas encore invité au Dernier Restaurant avant la fin du monde, mais on m’a déjà invité pas mal de fois au Dernier bar avant la fin du monde soit celui de Paris soit dans d’autres endroits.

Frédéric Couchet : Il y en a dans d’autres endroits ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Oui. Il y en a dans d’autres endroits.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. OK. Tu parlais à l’instant de la qualité, notamment par rapport à l’expérience utilisateur et utilisatrice, il y a un autre sujet qui doit sans doute te faire stresser c’est la sécurité. D’ailleurs je ne sais pas sur combien de machines, si c’est estimable, VLC est installé, mais le problème de sécurité soit par un bug soit par une injection de code malveillant, ça doit te faire flipper !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est clair que c’est un vrai sujet qui est très compliqué. Je vais d’abord répondre à ta première question qui est combien il y a de VLC installés. On ne fait pas de télémétrie – moi j’appelle ça de l’espionnage, certains appellent ça de la télémétrie, ça s’appelle de l’espionnage même quand c’est Mozilla qui le fait, nous on ne fait pas d’espionnage –, par contre, c’est vrai qu’on peut savoir des choses. On peut savoir le nombre de téléchargements sur notre site web, sachant qu’il y a évidemment plein d’autres sites de téléchargement comme Download.com, Telecharger.fr et toutes les distributions Linux qui redistribuent sans passer pas nous, donc on n’a pas cette information. Mais là, déjà, on voit qu’on est à peu près à 25 millions, 30 millions de téléchargements par mois. Deux tiers, en fait, ce sont des updates, mais le reste ça ne l’est pas. Déjà le fait qu’il y ait pas mal d’updates ça nous donne des informations.

Frédéric Couchet : Les updates ce sont les mises à jour.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Les mises à jour. Après, on a des informations de Microsoft, du nombre d’utilisateurs, notamment pour les crash reports.
En fait, on n’a pas d’infos fiables, mais on a une estimation. En nombre d’utilisateurs actifs, ce que tu définis comme une personne qui utilise VLC une fois dans le mois, sous Windows on a 300 millions d’utilisateurs actifs.

Frédéric Couchet : Waouh !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Donc tu peux considérer qu’en nombre d’installations on doit être au moins au double, en nombre d’installations !

Frédéric Couchet : Sous les environnements GNU/Linux, FreebSD et autres, libres, on n’a pas d’estimations.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Si. À une époque j’avais fait des estimations : grosso modo on prend le nombre sur Windows, on divise par dix et on a la part de marché qu’on a sous Mac OS et on prend exactement la même chose sous Linux, donc ça fait 30 millions. Sur les machines bureau on pense qu’on a 350 millions d’actifs, donc en nombre d’installés c’est peut-être 600 millions, 700 millions. Après il y a les mobiles. On a eu, par exemple sur Android, 250 millions de téléchargements, de comptes qui l’ont téléchargé et 60 millions d’actifs et sur iOS quelque chose de similaire. Ça donne un ordre d’idée.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est une grosse masse.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est une grosse masse.

Frédéric Couchet : Donc la partie sécurité doit être stressante !

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : En particulier parce que nous on fait du C, on est vraiment au bas niveau, on n’est pas en train d'avoir un langage qui nous aide parce que dans le multimédia, on n’a pas le choix, il faut être hyper-performant. On va le plus proche du matériel, donc on a accès au bas niveau, donc on a accès, en fait, vraiment à tout. Pour ceux qui comprennent, quand on est dans VLC on est vraiment en mode kernel quasiment partout.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est-à-dire qu’on est au plus proche du matériel, donc on peut quasiment tout faire.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Et surtout j’ai accès à tout, j’ai accès à tous tes fichiers, si tu crashes VLC, normalement. C’est le même problème qu’a Chrome, sauf que Chrome ils ont une approche, ils ont des millions pour améliorer ça. On a vu, par exemple, la CIA qui a utilisé une fausse version de VLC et, en même temps que tu regardais ton film, il y avait un petit plugin qu’ils avaient rajouté, un petit module de VLC qu’ils avaient rajouté qui, en fait, chiffrait tous tes documents dans ton dossier « Mes documents » sous Windows et les envoyait quelque part. Ce n’était pas notre version de VLC mais c’était une version récupérée quelque part qu’ils redistribuaient et tu ne t’en rends pas compte : tu regardes un film, ça dure deux heures ou trois heures quand c’est Avengers games, donc ton PC travaille, il y a un peu de bruit, ça ne t’étonne pas.
Ça c’est un vrai problème et puis il y a des failles de sécurité, comme pour tous les logiciels, mais les gens font un peu moins les mises à jour que pour Chrome ; pour ton navigateur, tu passes ton temps à faire ça. On a une approche, notamment depuis trois ans, qui est très proactive, où on va notamment analyser le code et faire des choses comme ça pour, justement, trouver des bugs en amont. On a eu un bug bounty par la Commission européenne qui payait des hackers pour essayer de trouver des problèmes dans VLC et ensuite nous on allait réparer.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est le projet FOSSA [Free and Open Source Software Audit] ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Sur le projet FOSSA.

Frédéric Couchet : Le projet FOSSA de la Commission européenne.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Évidemment que c’est grâce à Julia Reda.

Frédéric Couchet : L’ancienne eurodéputée du Parti pirate.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Évidemment il n’y a qu’elle qui est intéressée par ce genre de truc. C'était vraiment très cool et ça permet de remonter des problèmes, mais ça ne règle pas le problème fondamental. Pour régler le problème fondamental on a une idée avec un système de sandboxing, c’est très compliqué et surtout ce sont des choses qui n’ont jamais été faites.

Frédéric Couchet : Est-ce que tu peux expliquer en une phrase ce qu’est le sandboxing ? Ou après la pause musicale si tu veux.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : L’idée du sandboxing et je ne pourrai pas faire plus technique que ça…

Frédéric Couchet : Moins technique que ça.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Ouais, pardon, c’est que quand VLC a un problème, en fait, il est dans son petit environnement, donc il n’a accès à rien sur ta machine, donc ça n’est pas grave.

Frédéric Couchet : C’est un bac à sable juste pour VLC.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est ça. En fait, ça c‘est la théorie. En pratique, il va falloir mettre une dizaine de bacs à sable à l’intérieur de VLC et c’est très compliqué.

Frédéric Couchet : On va permettre aux gens de réfléchir en écoutant une pause musicale. Nous allons écouter Jack’s Playing Ball par Jono Bacon. On se retrouve juste après. Belle journée à l’écoute de Cause Commune.

Voix off : Cause Commune 93.1.

Pause musicale : Jack’s Playing Ball par Jono Bacon.

Frédéric Couchet : Nous venons d’écouter Jack’s Playing Ball par Jono Bacon, disponible sous licence libre Creative Commons BY SA, c’est-à-dire Partage dans les mêmes conditions. Vous retrouverez les références sur le site de l’April, april.org et sur le site de la radio, causecommune.fm.

Vous écoutez toujours l’émission Libre à vous ! sur radio Cause Commune 93.1 FM en Île-de-France et partout ailleurs sur le site causecommune.fm. Je vous rappelle que vous pouvez nous appeler si vous voulez poser une question en direct au 09 50 39 67 59.

Nous allons poursuivre notre discussion sur VLC, le lecteur multimédia libre, avec Jean-Baptiste Kempf du projet VideoLAN et de la société Videolabs dont on parlera tout à l’heure.
Juste avant on parlait de technique et notamment de sandboxing, bac à sable, et pendant la pause musicale Jean-Baptiste m’expliquait un petit peu les projets pour la version à priori 5, ça a l’air d’être quand même un sacré enjeu technique.
Là on va parler un petit peu des problématiques juridiques. On va les aborder rapidement parce que chacune de ces problématiques juridiques est complexe en tant que telle. Déjà j’ai une première question parce que tu es connu pour avoir reçu des propositions, parait-il de plusieurs dizaines de millions d’euros, en échange de l’insertion de publicités et de logiciels malicieux dans VLC et tu as refusé. Pourquoi ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’est tout à fait exact. Ça m’est arrivé au moins trois fois, des mecs qui voulaient : en même temps que ça installe VLC, il t’installe un antivirus Avast ou Avira, changer ta page de démarrage ou d’installer des spyware. Ça c’est hostile à l’utilisateur donc pour moi c’est no way, quel que soit le montant.
J’ai des gens qui m’ont proposé de racheter le nom de domaine videolan.org, ils étaient déjà un peu plus malins parce que c’est un peu plus malin que d’essayer de mettre de la merde dans VLC, mais pareil, ça ne correspond pas à quelque chose qui est bien pour mes utilisateurs ni à la philosophie que j’ai autour du projet. Je ne suis pas contre l’argent en soi, mais l’argent ça doit être fait de façon morale.

Frédéric Couchet : D’accord. Au niveau des problématiques juridiques, on va parler de deux problématiques juridiques précises assez rapidement, les DRM, les menottes numériques et ensuite brevets.
Les DRM, les menottes numériques, on en a déjà parlé avec toi et Marie Duponchelle dans l’émission d’octobre 2018, vous retrouverez le podcast évidemment en ligne, donc les menottes numériques qui empêchent un certain nombre d’usages. Il y a quelques années VLC avait saisi l’HADOPI [Haute autorité pour la diffusion des œuvres et la protection des droits sur Internet] parce que beaucoup de gens ignorent que l’HADOPI, au-delà de son activité bien connue, a normalement la régulation de ce qu’on appelle les mesures techniques de protection, ce que nous on appelle les menottes numériques, et notamment vous l’aviez saisie concernant les Blu-ray, le format des Blu-ray : est-ce que VLC avait les capacités juridiques – non pas techniques parce que techniquement vous saviez le faire, évidemment – pour lire ces fameux Blu-ray. Première question : pourquoi vous avez dû saisir l’HADOPI ? Quelle était la réponse de l’HADOPI et quelle est la situation aujourd’hui par rapport à la lecture notamment de ces Blu-ray ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : VLC est capable de lire les DVD depuis 2001 et, en fait, c’était avant les lois LCEN, EUCD…

Frédéric Couchet : LCEN, loi pour la confiance dans l’économie numérique et EUCD c’est la version française de la directive droit d’auteur.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : C’était des lois qui avaient été faites. On était passé avant ça. Quand on veut mettre la lecture du Blu-ray dans VLC on est après ça et il y a notamment une agence de régulation des mesures techniques de protection qui avait été créée et qui n’avait jamais rien foutu. Ils n’avaient même pas rendu le rapport annuel qu’ils devaient rendre, donc on a mergé ça dans HADOPI au moment de la loi HADOPI. En théorie, c’était à eux de nous aider parce qu’en fait il y a un problème fondamental qui est l’interopérabilité et les mesures techniques de protection. Grosso modo, ce sont deux concepts qui sont impossibles et puis la loi était hyper peu claire, donc on est allé poser des questions, puisqu’en théorie c’était eux le régulateur. On n’a rien compris à la réponse, en particulier parce qu’ils n’ont rien compris à la question. Ils ont fait ça avec une mauvaise foi absolument forte. Ils n’ont jamais réussi à comprendre, ça a mis deux ans avant qu’on réussisse à avoir une question au gouvernement par un député et c’est à ce moment-là qu’ils ont commencé à se bouger. Grosso modo, ils n’ont rien compris à la question, ils ne nous ont même pas posé la question. En fait ils étaient dans un mode complètement politique avec Franck Riester.

Frédéric Couchet : Actuellement ministre de la Culture et anciennement rapporteur du projet de loi HADOPI.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : À la fin il s’est rendu compte qu’en fait qu’il y avait quelque chose à faire et qu’on n’était pas là juste pour les emmerder, qu’on posait vraiment une question ! Et puis il y avait le secrétaire général de la HADOPI dont j’ai oublié le nom.

Frédéric Couchet : Éric Walter.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Éric Walter, qui a essayé de bouger, mais c’était trop tard. J’ai dit publiquement que c’étaient des gros nuls. Je le redirai publiquement.

Frédéric Couchet : Tu es en train de le dire publiquement.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Je peux le redire une fois de plus, ça ne me dérange pas. Jacques Toubon qui, évidemment, ne se souvient pas de moi parce que c’était mon maire quand j’habitais dans le 13e arrondissement de Paris, qui a écrit dans la presse que j’étais un méchant, grosso modo.

Frédéric Couchet : Jacques Toubon qui est aussi un ancien ministre de la Culture et qui, à l’époque, devait être député européen, je pense.

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Peut-être. Aujourd’hui il fait un travail qui est plutôt bien en tant que médiateur civique de la République [Défenseur des droits], je crois que ce qu’il fait est plutôt pas mal. Il m’avait gonflé. Une fois je l’ai croisé, je lui ai dit qu’il n’avait rien compris au sujet et je crois qu’il m’a dit : « C’est possible, je n’ai rien compris ! »

Frédéric Couchet : Donc l’HADOPI a répondu à côté ou n’a pas compris le sujet, aujourd’hui, légalement, comment ça se passe ?

Jean-Baptiste Kempf : Je ne sais pas. Tu p

          

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IL DESTINO DELL'ITALIA (11). LO SHOCK FISCALE PER IL RILANCIO TRA AGENDA FMI E L'EFFETTO "THATCHER"

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1. Le riforme strutturali finali. Primo: mai perdere di vista il mercato del lavoro.
Riprendiamo la "composizione" della manovra di definitiva normalizzazione della (supposta) "anomalia italiana" che dovrebbe corrispondere alla c.d. agenda FMI (qui, p.4) ed essere realizzata dal mitico policy maker ideale (qui, p.3)
Quest'ultimo, a sua volta, avrebbe l'obiettivo della irlandesizzazione italiana in un quadro di riequilibrio geo-economico di lungo termine tra le due sponde dell'Atlantico.

Prima di affrontare le "voci" rimanenti dell'agenda ancora in sospeso, chiariamo che verrà certamente "tentata" una riforma strutturale fondamentale che, tuttavia, non incide direttamente sui saldi della finanza pubblica. Vi inciderà però indirettamente nella misura in cui agevolerà un'ulteriore deflazione salariale nel complessivo mercato del lavoro italiano, come appare del tutto evidente senza bisogno di particolari spiegazioni: dal punto di vista tributario sarebbe infatti una contrazione della base imponibile ai fini del reddito e una riduzione di consumi ai fini delle imposte indirette in generale).
Parliamo (qui, p.4.1.) della prescrizione di:
i) abolire la contrattazione collettiva nazionale e spostarla al solo livello decentrato al fine di allineare i salari alla effettiva produttività (cioè crescita del PIL), differenziata nelle varie regioni (p.22). Introducendo però un "salario minimo" (in modo da avere, come dovrebbe essere noto, ma non è, un indice di salario massimo, qui p.6, vita natural durante, di lavoro precario in lavoro precario)
ii) ridurre i costi del licenziamento (economico) riportando alla piena espansione la riforma del jobs act del 2015".

2. Sgravi fiscali sul reddito di persone fisiche e imprese.
2.1. Veniamo a questo tema così essenziale per la spendibilità e sostenibilità politica dell'agenda FMI.
Abbiamo passato in rassegna i possibili interventi "ideali" (o "creativi"...ma non tanto originali) su pensioni, sanità e privatizzazioni. Queste saranno le principali misure che consolideranno e "riformeranno strutturalmente": e dal volume di questa ristrutturazione può immaginarsi il livello dello sgravio fiscale che verrà in corrispondenza accordato.
Ora, entro un quadro di consolidamento fiscale di 0,5 punti di PIL netti all'anno, per un totale sostenuto fino a 2,5 punti di complessivo consolidamento (p. 4.2), abbiamo ipotizzato (indicando i calcoli indicativi con un certo dettaglio):

a) sulle pensioni, tra contribuzione solidale a durata quinquennale e suoi effetti strutturali di accelerazione del declino delle prestazioni, unito a una più accentuata sterilizzazione dell'adeguamento all'inflazione (e probabilmente, ad una riduzione del rendimento annuo dei contributi): consolidamento di circa 0,9/1 punto di PIL all'anno (di cui 0,2 strutturali "a regime", oltre tale termine);

b) nella sanità (qui, p.1) una serie di misure di sostanziale "restrizione a pagamento" delle prestazioni sanitarie pubbliche (ticket innalzati insieme alla drastica restrizione della platea degli "esenti"): gettito aggiuntivo, a regime, di (circa) 0,3 punti di PIL;

c) quanto alle privatizzazioni (qui, p.2), la complessità della situazione, scevra (com'è da attendersi) da qualsiasi ponderazione con interessi pubblici fondamentali sottostanti, non impedisce di concepire un piano quinquennale che porti entrate aggiuntive per circa 40/45 miliardi nel periodo (molto dipende dalle quote pubbliche nelle società "locali" e dalle procedure escogitabili); cioè un consolidamento di circa 8-9 miliardi all'anno, pari ad attuali 0,4/0,5 punti di PIL.

2.2. Ci parrebbe invece difficilmente praticabile, nell'attuale fase congiunturale italiana, un aumento delle imposte patrimoniali, e in particolare, la reintroduzione dell'IMU sulla prima casa: come abbiamo visto, la flessione dei prezzi intervenuta a partire dalla "correzione Monti", è tale che un ulteriore aggravamento rischierebbe di avere effetti sui prezzi immobiliari, già in discesa praticamente inarrestabile, tali da minare il sistema creditizio, sui cui bilanci  influiscono pesantemente le valutazioni attribuibili alle garanzie immobiliari.

Il nostro sistema bancario ha bisogno di una effettiva ripresa della domanda e, soprattutto dei valori, nel settore immobiliare.

2.3. Il totale del praticabile, per quanto non tutto strutturale, darebbe un consolidamento intorno a 1,7/1,8 punti di PIL. 
A fronte di ciò, il sollievo fiscale sarebbe culturalmente concedibile a regime, quindi non limitato al quinquennio. 
Per il policy maker ideale, infatti, entrerebbero in gioco gli effetti strutturali di crescita consentiti (qui, pp. 5.1.-5.4.) dall'agire del crowding-out (l'effetto di riespansione di spesa privata, in consumi e investimenti, determinata dalla diminuzione del deficit pubblico, cioè dalla inversione della tendenza ad intendere questo come esigenza di risparmio compensativo ed anticipativo di futuri inasprimenti fiscali), nonché del trickle down e della visione supply side della legge di Say (intendendo ciò come beneficio generale discendente da maggiori redditi disponibili per chi sia più benestante e perciò più capace di impiego produttivo, quindi sul lato dell'offerta, di reddito e risparmio accresciuti). 
Tali effetti "espansivi", si deve presumere, compenserebbero, mediante un gettito aggiuntivo legato all'accelerazione della crescita, il venir meno della parte temporanea e non strutturale del complessivo consolidamento ipotizzato.

2.4. Dovendosi, come s'è detto, consolidare comunque per 0,5 all'anno, lo sgravio concedibile sarebbe di almeno un punto di PIL; potremmo pure ipotizzare un 1,2-1,3, ma è prevedibile che ciò dipenderà dagli effetti sulla crescita innescati dai primi 1 o 2 anni del consolidamento intrapreso. 
In altri termini, un policy maker idealesi riserverebbe di verificare se uno sgravio inizialmente contenuto a 1 solo punto sia sufficiente a contrastare, nel suo calcolo macro-economico neo-classico (cioè neo-liberale), una recessione iniziale eccessivamente ampiav. qui, p. 1.1, per la esplicita "visione" di Draghi sulla crescita certa di medio periodo.

Negli anni successivi, quindi, ferme le riforme strutturali "consolidatrici" apportate, proseguirebbe nell'effettuare manovre annuali che avrebbero un carattere quasi esclusivamente di stimolo fiscale; moderato, nell'ordine di 0,3 punti di PIL. Il che renderebbe pure più politicamente e mediaticamente sostenibile l'effetto cumulativo delle riforme strutturali.


Stimando uno sgravio "sistemico" di 1,3 punti (in media) all'anno, in vista di una stabilizzazione della crescita, avremmo da "ragionare" su un volume di sgravi di circa 22 miliardi.
La nostra ipotesi, diciamo "a occhio", è che si possa agire sul numero e sull'ammontare delle aliquote dell'imposizione sul reddito di persone fisiche e società, nonché sull'Irap (che è certamente una delle imposte meno giustificabili e razionali, sia dal punto di vista produttivistico che, non incidentalmente e ab origine, costituzionale).
Questo è il quadro attuale delle entrate distinte per principali voci, secondo il Mef (aggiornato all'agosto 2019):

(*)Valore acquisito ad agosto 2019, ipotizzando per i restanti mesi dell’anno un gettito pari a quello dei corrispondenti mesi del 2018.

201908_tributarie


2.5. Agendo sugli aggregati "a occhio", poiché la modulazione esatta degli interventi è un gioco matematico eseguibile in moltissimi modi, più o meno "progressivi" - si pensi, ad esempio, che accorpando lo scaglione di reddito con aliquota al 38% - da euro 28.000 a 55.000-, in un unico scaglione con aliquota al 27% che parta da euro 15.000, si hanno  circa 10 miliardi di minori imposte -, si può pensare a:
a) uno sgravio sul reddito delle persone fisiche di circa 12 miliardi (sarebbe un sconto medio-generalizzato di quasi il 7% dell'imposta a gettito attuale);
b) uno sgravio Ires di altri 6 miliardiimmediati e a regime: ai volumi di gettito attuali sarebbe un non disprezzabile sgravio di circa il 20% dell'imposta.

In aggiunta, nella modulazione eventualmente anticiclica che si è detta prima, si può configurare una progressiva abolizione dell'Irap entro un periodo quinquennale, procedendo al suo taglio scaglionato con una ratio intorno ai 4,5 miliardi all'anno (poco meno di 0,3 punti di PIL all'anno, cumulativi), fino alla totale soppressione; il gettito (legibus sic stantibus), infatti, oscilla tra i 23 e i 25 miliardi.

3. #Facciamocome la Thatcher? 
Poi, sull'andamento della crescita breve e lungo periodo, di fronte a questo tipo di manovra fiscale pluriennale, privatizzazioni incluse, la "attendibilità" della teoria per cui la contrazione risulterebbe "a breve periodo" mentre nel medio periodo sarebbero sicuri "gli effetti positivi", si può vedere come andò con la THATCHER.

Thatcher growth

In realtà, come commenta questo articolo britannico, dopo la fase iniziale di un paio di anni di recessione, la crescita "recuperata" dalle politiche della "cancelliera di ferro", riprese agli stessi ritmi di quella che sarebbe stata ottenuta successivamente (al netto delle crisi recessive finanziarie che hanno inciso negli anni della finanziarizzazione globale).

Il timore, più che fondato, perché nascente dalla constatazione di elementi strutturali già fortemente presenti nel nostro sistema economico, è che, adottando la sua medesima strategia, in un'Italia in cui essa non sarebbe rivoluzionaria" bensì solo "di completamento", il ritorno alla crescita di medio periodo non sarebbe ad un livello diverso da quello degli anni "migliori" successivi allo shock del 2011.

Cioè non usciremmo da una semi-stagnazione e non risolveremmo il problema della vulnerabilità di un'economia export-led alla sempre più evidente "inceppatura" della globalizzazione.
In compenso, con la Thatcher, il peggioramento della distribuzione del reddito e lo "spiazzamento" dal manifatturiero ai "servizi", infersero un colpo fatale all'economia britannica; determinando un indebolimento strutturale di lungo periodo, cui ora Boris Johnson tenta di rimediare pianificando una via d'uscita di reindustrializzazione. 

Questi effetti principali delle politiche neo-liberali supply side, ispirate alla fede nel crowding-out, (cioè ulteriore finanziarizzazione e distribuzione regressiva del reddito, alta disoccupazione strutturale in un mercato del lavoro "dualistico", con sostanziale evanescenza del trickle down) appaiono essere esattamente il contrario di ciò di cui ha bisogno un'economia trasformatrice a vocazione manifatturiera come l'Italia. E in realtà, un assetto finale del genere non risulterebbe del tutto favorevole neppure per gli investitori esteri; anche se, certo, favorirebbe la stabilità dei prezzi e la riduzione del rischio di cambio. Finché non ponga gravemente in pericolo la coesione sociale e la qualità stessa dei fattori della produzione (qui, p.4)...




          

TRUMP INTERVISTATO DA FARAGE...LE RICADUTE POTENZIALI SULLA "FUSIONE" FCA-PEUGEOT

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1. Partiamo da questa affermazione che compie un po’ una…fuga in avanti.

L’affermazione, infatti, è deduttiva, poiché deriva una conclusione dalla nota recente “intervista” Trump-Farage:
"Tutto è avvenuto mentre Trump e Farage parlavano in diretta di sanità pubblica britannica, subito dopo l'endorsement del presidente Usa a un'alleanza di Farage con il premier britannico Boris Johnson alle prossime elezioni in Regno Unito il 12 dicembre ("sareste una coppia perfetta per completare la Brexit"), affinché il leader Labour Jeremy Corbyn non vada a Downing Street ("finireste molto male con lui"). A un certo punto Trump, mentre prova a tranquillizzare i britannici sulle future relazioni commerciali Usa-Uk dopo la Brexit, dice: "Noi non vogliamo avere niente a che fare con la vostra sanità pubblica. Parliamo soltanto di commercio, che nel vostro caso, se faceste un accordo con noi, sarebbe quattro-cinque volte più grande di adesso, e la vostra economia ne gioverebbe moltissimo. Ma oggi voi siete bloccati dall'Unione Europea, come altri Paesi nell'Ue. Anche l'Italia e altri Paesi starebbero molto meglio senza l'Unione Europea". Trump cita espressamente soltanto l'Italia, oltre al Regno Unito. "Ma se questi Paesi vogliono rimanere in Ue, ok", ha aggiunto Trump. "Ma sappiate che in Europa governano persone con le quali è molto difficile negoziare, mentre con me sarebbe tutto più facile: faremmo subito un accordo commerciale con voi".
2. Questo “spunto”, indiretto e piuttosto incline a far galoppare la fantasia, consente però di fare alcuni approfondimenti.
Ma che privilegio commerciale sarebbe ragionevolmente concedibile (tranne la “eccettuazione”, - singulatim per l’Italia rispetto al resto dell’Ue -, da un inasprimento tariffario riequilibratore degli USA, sempre all’ordine del giorno)? 
Mica il Presidente Trump – e neppure qualsiasi altra Amministrazione USA, di qualunque colore -, può volere un'agevolazione, cioè un'accentuazione, del loro deficit commerciale attuale...semmai, ragionevolmente il contrario. Ed infatti:
Nel 2018 gli Stati Uniti si posizionano al terzo posto tra i principali partner commerciali dell'Italia, con una quota sull'interscambio complessivo del 9,2% (dopo Germania e Francia) e settimo fornitore con una quota del 3,8%. (Fonte: Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico). Nel 2018 l'Italia ha esportato negli USA 42,3 miliardi di Euro registrando un aumento del +5% rispetto allo stesso periodo del 2017. Il saldo commerciale si conferma positivo per l'Italia attestandosi a 26,4 miliardi di Euro, in aumento rispetto ai 25,3 miliardi di Euro del 2017Gli Stati Uniti sono il terzo mercato di esportazione per l'Italia, con una quota del 9,2% sul nostro export. Tra i Paesi dell'UE, L'Italia si conferma  quindi il quarto fornitore degli USA dopo Germania, Regno Unito e Francia”. 
3. Quello che, semmai, può rientrare nella convenienza degli Stati Uniti è l’ottenimento di condizioni istituzionali (“riforme strutturali”) per investire finanziariamente da noi: naturalmente attendendosi un’adeguata redditività, sia sui settori industriali-manifatturieri, sia con riguardo ad un mercato immobiliare che, sempre più soffocato nei valori, risulta ormai essere pervenuto a un calo di prezzi che è obiettivamente appetibile rispetto a molti altri paesi europei; paesi specialmente dell’eurozona, che vedono, al contrario, un asset bubble sia azionaria che immobiliare (per non parlare dell'overpricing dei bund...).
Sui prezzi immobiliari italiani, al contrario, si può vedere, da questo sito Usa, l'effetto sui prezzi, - e sul patrimonio degli italiani, nonché sulle garanzie dei crediti bancari,- della "cura Monti" (la discesa nel 2019 continua...):
Italy house price indices

4. Quest'ultimo aspetto, delle proiezioni concrete e delle modalità di rafforzamento della convenienza Usa  a creare un ponte privilegiato con l’Italia, rimane sullo sfondo, date le condizioni in cui si è espresso il Presidente Trump. 
Nondimeno, una logica abbastanza stringente, consegue dalle sue parole e dal contesto di politiche commerciali e valutarie che gli Usa si trovano a dover intraprendere con decisione.
Dando per buono lo scenario(lo abbiamo visto qui: spostamento dei capitali Usa su assetdell’eurozona, con propensione particolare per l’Italia, data la sua condizione di paese patrimonializzato ma “sottoprezzato” a livelli che lo differenziano dal resto dei paesi “core” dell’eurozona), questo ha delle conseguenze di portata oggi scarsamente immaginata; seppure altamente immaginabile
E rappresenta una opportunità forse epocale.
La linea di correzione, economico-industriale, commerciale e valutaria propizia agli Stati Uniti (qui, p.1), potrebbe infatti agevolare la soluzione di molti nostri problemi, ormai incancreniti dentro il regime soffocante dell’eurozona a trazione tedesca.

4.1. L’appetibilità (specialmente ai prezzi attuali) di assets italiani da parte dei capitali Usa, ha bisogno, come strategia di medio-lungo periodo, di limitare il rischio di cambio. E ciò potrebbe preludere ad un aggancio di cambio concordato con il dollaro
I capitali Usa investirebbero senza rischio valutario e noi potremmo uscire dall’eurozona con una presumibile adeguata protezione (e convenienza) da parte delle “mani forti” americane,  a non subire svalutazioni speculative di ritorsione a fronte del recupero della sovranità monetaria. Per quanto soggetta a un peg che, date le condizioni concordate che si potrebbero spuntare, non risulta oggi così impraticabile e, nel periodo, insostenibile. Basti considerare anche solo i più recenti rispettivi andamenti dell’inflazione
Quella statunitense
Risultati immagini per US inflation rate  2019
E quella italiana:
Risultati immagini per Italy inflation rate  2019
4.2. E tutto sommato, questa sostenibilità trova anche un riflesso di lungo periodo, se si considera quanto accaduto a partire dall’entrata a regime dell’euro:
Usa
Risultati immagini per US inflation rate USA from 1990 to 2019
Italia
 Risultati immagini per inflazione italia dal 2008 al 2019
Notare come l’inflazione italiana, a partire dagli effetti “ristrutturanti”(e quindi non semplicemente congiunturali) della cura Monti-Letta, cioè dalla seconda parte del 2013, sia costantemente più bassa di quella Usa. Essendosi, notoriamente, anche “riassorbito” l’effetto reflazionista parziale tentato con la “fiammata” del QE. Nel settembre 2019, il dato italiano scende, su base annuale, addirittura allo 0,2% (ultimo bollettino Eurostat), indicando che, al di fuori di interventi “unconventional” della BCE, il tasso di inflazione italiano si configura come strutturalmente più basso che negli Usa.

5. Certo, questa strategia, sicuramente piena di rischi per il nostro modello di specializzazione economica nonché costituzionale (ma esiste ancora?), è una versione (temperata) dell'irlandesizzazione: la quale si porta dietro, in teoria, il peso dell’agenda FMI. Ma anche questa agenda deve "tecnicamente" scontare, allo stato istituzionale delle cose, l’appartenenza italiana all’eurozona e presenterebbe dei margini di ricalibratura in un nuovo scenario istituzionale.
La suggestiva soluzione che potrebbe derivarsi dalle parole di Trump, però, ci darebbe una prospettiva molto più sostenibile dell'applicazione "pura" delle soluzioni FMI.
Irlandesizzazione, sì…ma con un vantaggio peculiare: l’aggancio al dollaro, previa uscita dall’eurozona, e probabilmente con uno sganciamento dall’Ue (negoziabile in un quadro geopolitico molto più “solido”), ci sottrarrebbe al complesso delle sue ingombranti regole, modellate sulla convenienza del mercantilismo tedesco, - tra l’altro, particolarmente impenetrabile all’investimento estero.  

Nella sua evoluzione logica, questo possibile assetto, implica inoltre anche un aggancio alla tendenza svalutativa di medio-lungo periodo degli stessi Usa. Il che sarebbe doppiamente risolutivo: non solo renderebbe irrilevante un nostro riallineamento rispetto all’euro-marco in termini di importazioni di petrolio e materie prime in generale, ma stabilizzerebbe nel tempo un nostro recupero della competitività di prezzo, rilanciando implicitamente, ma necessariamente, la nostra vocazione manifatturiera.
Solo che, in questa forma (geo-politicamente “clamorosa”), esigerebbe una classe dirigente italiana che abbia visione e guts...e siamo alle solite.


6. Tra l'altro, considerata la (incredibile) ostinazione francese a competere coi tedeschi, e quindi a giocarsi la partita politico-continentale privilegiando il sogno dell’unione monetaria coi tedeschi, una soluzione del genere ribalterebbe, entro pochi anni, il senso dell'attuale fusione FCA-Peugeot. Che Mario Giordano, allo stato, vede così

Ma non sarei così drasticamente pessimista (fattori politici interni a parte...naturalmente).
Anzitutto, già ora, gli stabilimenti italiani godono di minor sindacalizzazione e tendenza a scioperare, nonché di livelli salariali nettamente più bassi di quelli francesi; la differenza media del costo del lavoro lordo, tra Francia e Italia, è attualmente di circa il 26%:

How much money does a person working in Factory and Manufacturing make in Italy?
2,880 EUR per month
Average Monthly Salary
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Fine modulo
A person working in Factory and Manufacturing in Italy typically earns around 2,880 EUR per month.
This is the average monthly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits.
Job Title
Average Salary

Assembly Foreman
1,634 EUR
Assembly Line Worker
1,464 EUR
Assembly Supervisor
2,205 EUR
Assistance Maintenance Manager
3,510 EUR
Assistant Shipping Manager
3,464 EUR

How much money does a person working in Factory and Manufacturing make in France?
http://www.salaryexplorer.com/images/salary.png3,970 EUR per month
Average Monthly Salary
Inizio modulo
Fine modulo
A person working in Factory and Manufacturing in France typically earns around 3,970 EUR per month.
Job Title
Average Salary

Assembly Foreman
2,002 EUR
Assembly Line Worker
1,743 EUR
Assembly Supervisor
2,895 EUR
Assistance Maintenance Manager
4,703 EUR
Assistant Shipping Manager
4,659 EUR

7. Una tendenza svalutativa prolungata, (legata ad una nostra divisa agganciata al dollaro) ci renderebbe addirittura un conveniente hubdi delocalizzazione della produzione francese
E persino la governance potrebbe essere rimessa in discussione; non secondariamente dal potenziale subentrare di fondi USA nell'azionariato del nuovo gruppo. Sarebbe un investimento con ottime prospettive e con ricadute favorevoli pure sugli USA-Chrisler, considerando il ruolo fondamentale dei brand e degli stabilimenti statunitensi in CFA e l’interesse Usa a non subire policies di ridimensionamento occupazionale
Certo i francesi opporrebbero golden-share/power (disponendo lo Stato di una quota del 6% nel gruppo ora costituito); ma avrebbero una "gatta da pelare", in termini di ritorsioni commerciali (sulla gran parte delle loro fondamentali esportazioni verso gli Usa) troppo grossa pure per una figura ambiziosa come Macron.

E questa è solo una esemplificazione delle “proiezioni”, economico-industriali, di questa soluzione…valutaria e finanziaria a epicentro Usa.



          

Actor Kedrick Brown talks his breakout roles

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Actor Kedrick Brown discusses his latest starring roles and how he's teaching the next generation of kids to take the stage.
        

          

Dispelling the myths of weight loss

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Dr. Ralph Carson leading clinical nutritionist and exercise physiologist sat down with Deborah Duncan to dispel the myths and gimmicks of weight loss.
        

          

Get perfect holiday hair with the Halo

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Rachel Gower from The Upper Hand demonstrates a quick and easy way to add length and volume to your hair
        

          

Whiskey Cake Kitchen and Bar's famous Whiskey Cake Recipe

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A great place to eat or even a great gift idea, Great Day's Cristina Kooker visited the new Whiskey Cake Kitchen and Bar in Stafford, Texas.
        

          

Princess Cruises' newest ship, Sky Princess, sets sail

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Princess Cruises 18th ship, Sky Princess, just completed a four-day Maiden Voyage arriving in Athens, Greece after departing from Trieste, Italy.
        

          

Creole Thanksgiving dinner with Lord & Barrett Sausage Company

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Troy from Lord & Barrett Sausage Company brings some Creole Thanksgiving inspired dishes to the studio.
        

          

USO Houston Freedom Ride

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Deanna Wheeler, with USO Houston, chats with Deborah Duncan about the organization's exciting event Sunday, November 10.
        

          

People are exploiting the Robinhood investment app like any other video game

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From Matt Levine's newsletter (which goes into much more detail about the exploit):
It makes an app that you can download to your phone, and then you can play a game on the app. As with many mobile games, there are in-app purchases, and you can end up spending a lot of money on the Robinhood game. The game is of course a stock-trading game. The purchases are stocks. You win by getting a lot of money. But there are other ways to play. Some people aren’t interested in playing the game as its designers intended. They want to hack the game, to find weird glitches and exploits, to take the game apart and build their own weird levels, to stream the resulting monstrosities to entertain their friends.

Many, many, many of my readers have emailed and tweeted about a Robinhood exploit that goes by the charming and accurate name “infinite leverage.” Here’s a Reddit user called ControlTheNarrative who claims to have gotten 25x leverage on his trading; that is, he put in $2,000 and turned it into about $50,000 worth of stock. Here’s another Reddit user called MoonYachts who claims to have gotten 250x leverage, putting in $4,000 and turning it into a $1,000,000 stock position. You are not supposed to be able to do this; normal stock market games do not allow you to bet a million dollars by putting up only $4,000 of your own. (“We’re aware of the isolated situations and communicating directly with customers,” said a Robinhood spokesperson.)

These people are posting screenshots and videos of their exploits. They are discussing ways to use the exploit for further, even more outrageous pranks. I do not exactly know what they are thinking. Presumably some part of what they are thinking is along the lines of “if I use $4,000 to buy a million dollars’ worth of stock and it goes up then I will make a lot of money.” But surely another big part of what they are thinking is “if I use $4,000 to buy a million dollars’ worth of stock then my friends on Reddit will be amused.” Judging by the Reddit threads, and by my email inbox, this was a correct analysis. I suppose it is not a conventional financial analysis, but you should not underestimate the importance, in trading generally, of impressing people with your wit and boldness.

          

Concurso Club Ahorro Unimarc Budweiser: Gana viaje al clásico Real Madrid vs Barcelona

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    7
Participa en el concurso de Club Ahorro Unimarc Budweiser y gana un viaje al clásico Real Madrid vs Barcelona, para poder ser el ganador de este viaje sólo tienes que adquirir cualquiera de los productos participantes en cualquiera de los supermercados Unimarc, al momento de efectuar la compra, deberás verificar en la caja tu afiliación al Club Ahorro Unimarc. El participante ganador del premio, se determinará mediante un sorteo que se llevará a cabo el día miércoles 20 de noviembre de 2019.

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Jumbofertas Jumbo noviembre 2019

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Ya están las Jumbofertas de noviembre 2019 en supermercados Jumbo, les dejo el listado de las ofertas que encontrarán: Leche Soprole descremada, semidescremada y natural a sólo $749 Papel higiénico Elite Soft y strong triple hoja de $12.899 a sólo $8.990 Cerveza Heineken botella 6 x 330 cc a sólo $3.990 Alimento seco para perros Master Dog 15 kilos a sólo $16.990

Origen


          

First new HIV strain in 19 years discovered

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Scientists say it shows the virus that causes AIDS continues to evolve.
        

          

Feminist autonomous infrastructures

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Authored by: 

Organization: 

Media@McGill and Tactical Tech Collective
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Feminist autonomous infrastructures

Introduction

Women, feminists, and gay, lesbian, bisexual, trans*, queer and intersex (GLBTQI) individuals share common experiences online: they can easily become targets of online harassment, discrimination or censorship, be it by government, private actors or corporations. When trying to understand the relationship between gender, violence and technology, one should keep in mind that online violence is intrinsically linked with real-life situations. When bigotry, sexism and homophobic attitudes exist in societies, they will almost inevitably be amplified in the online world.

”Real” name policies, data mining, tracking and surveillance technologies have become so intertwined that the days when no one knew if you were a dog or a cyborg on the internet are largely over. In fact, the creation of an industry around the profiling of users, coupled with the centralisation and contraction of the internet, have led to a situation where it is not a safe space (if it ever was). In 1996 the Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace announced the creation of “a world where anyone, anywhere may express his or her beliefs, no matter how singular, without fear of being coerced into silence or conformity.” 1 But nowadays it is too common to see the work and voices of women, feminists and GLBTQI being deleted, censored and/or prevented from being seen, heard or read. Much of this gender-based online violence happens on corporate social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Reddit and the blogosphere, in addition to other non-profit online spaces such as Wikipedia. All of them involve large communities, which are led by a set of practices and policies. Despite the existence of certain rules that govern these spaces and because of certain practices, silencing, intimidation and/or discrimination continues. So far, responses from GLBTQI to violence have involved organised public shaming, doxxing of harassers, 2 feminist counter-speech, active research and documentation, awareness raising around privacy and security, advocacy for amendments to corporate terms of service, and lobbying of institutions contributing to the governance of the internet, among others. While these tactics are paramount to the embodiment of everyday forms of online resistance,3 there is also a need to think about adopting strategies that are not only reactive, but also project us into the future we want. In other words, it is about dreaming and pre-figuring our technologies actively. Proactive practices involve understanding what it means to take back the command and control of technologies by using, creating and maintaining our own ones and shaping our communication and technological infrastructures. Using corporate services such as Facebook or Twitter may be very convenient, and at times strategic because they are generally provided for free and because this is where the so-called critical masses are. But using them also means accepting their terms of service, which are primarily shaped by profit, and in which human rights and gender social justice still remain of negligible importance. When using these online services, we and our networks are at their mercy, which means we can not fully control our data, social networks and historical memories (or traces) on the internet. While the future of the internet often looks bleak, it is paramount to not only continue to investigate into the processes and governance structure of the internet, but to continue to build a communication and technological ecology that puts human well-being front and centre, rather than profit. What will happen when big data has its proper algorithms? What will be the combined relationships between these algorithms and the Facebook project internet.org or the “Internet of Things”, to name only two of the upcoming situations that will again redefine people's rights to privacy and free expression? When our data remains under corporate control, they can be sold or given to third parties to exploit, or they can be deleted or shut down. Ultimately, they become our digital shadows, 4 enabling others to track, profile and control our voices, opinions and expressions. Part of the answer lies in developing, supporting and using not-for-profit, independent, privacy-aware and secure alternatives to corporate online services. Collectives such as Riseup, Nadir and Autistici/Inventati have been powered by hacktivist collectives for almost two decades now.5 They have provided – through volunteer work and community contributions – valuable and basic online services such as email, mailing list servers, wikis, pads,6 blogs and virtual private networks (VPN)7 to activists all around the world. But where are the feminist tech collectives that design and maintain feminist autonomous infrastructures for feminists, queer and trans* people and activists at large? We also need to ask ourselves, why are those feminist tech collectives still so embryonic? And what does this tell us about the discrimination and violence happening when women and feminists do not control, own and manage the technological infrastructure they need to express themselves and act online?

Shaping autonomy within our technologies

One of the main constitutive elements of feminist autonomous infrastructures lies in the concept of self-organisation already practised by many social movements that understand the question of autonomy as a desire for freedom, self-valorisation and mutual aid. In addition, we understand the term technological infrastructure in an expansive way, encompassing hardware, software and applications, but also participatory design, safe spaces and social solidarities. Concrete examples of feminist autonomous infrastructures include the Geek Feminism Wiki, 8 developing specific technologies that tackle gender-based online violence, such as bots against trolls, and building feminist online libraries and feminist servers, but also enabling offline safe spaces such as feminist hackerspaces which allow feminist, queer and trans* hackers, makers and geeks to gather and learn with others.

When talking about these examples of feminist autonomous infrastructures, we recognise that none of them can be fully autonomous, but rather relative in their autonomy, as they still depend, for instance, on already existing communication networks and technologies designed by mainstream companies (such as computers, servers and access devices). Having said that, their autonomy is based on different governance models, the values they embrace and the principles they promote. If feminist autonomous infrastructures are diverse in scope and in shape, they do share in common a desire to proactively create the conditions for their autonomy while following an ethic of care9 which is embedded into the active practice of social solidarities. Caring and recognising the importance of such infrastructures are two aspects that are central to attempt to address the cycle of technology that is rife with inequality from the production of technology, to its access, uptake, development and governance, until its end cycle. This intersectional and integrated approach to technology goes hand in hand with a feminist posture that does not shy away from addressing all forms of violence, whether it be online violence or the violence that is intrinsic in resource extraction or the factory and assembly line work that is gendered and raced. 10

Recently, momentum has gathered around the building of feminist autonomous infrastructures. These initiatives are still in their embryonic stage, mainly representing a set of scattered and fragmented initiatives. Below we highlight two different examples – one addressing the need for physical safe spaces enabling women and feminists to gather and uplift their skills, and another addressing the slow-politics around the creation of feminist servers.

Breaking the circle of isolation by learning together

The Gender and Technology Institute11 was organised by the Tactical Technology Collective and the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) at the end of 2014. The event brought together almost 80 participants and facilitators, mostly from the global South, to focus on some of the issues faced daily by women and trans* persons on the internet, to share strategies and tools for better protecting our privacy and security online, and to discuss how to spread knowledge and skills in our communities and organisations. Since then, the network has expanded, with different outcomes ranging from the creation of a collaborative online space enabling the documentation of the activities around privacy and digital security delivered by its members on the ground, to the production of a manual specifically addressing gender-related issues which also offers various strategies and tools for taking control of our online identities and learning how to shape safe spaces.

All these outcomes are informed by the stories and creative practices of women and feminist grassroots activists, located in 22 different countries, who are actively and creatively using and making technology to tackle gender-based online violence. Meanwhile they become digital security trainers, and privacy advocates, and they are helping others to understand how they can adopt safer and more joyful practices when engaging online and offline.

Eight months after its realisation, the Gender and Technology Institute has become an international informal network of support, a friendly resource space based on social solidarities that helps to break the circle of isolation.12 This contributes to strengthening the technological autonomy of its participants and, by extension, women, feminists and GLBTQI individuals and organisations, in order to face the challenges and threats derivative of their use of the internet.

Feminist servers

A server can be defined as a computer connected to a network that provides services such as hosting files, websites and online services. Because all online resources are hosted on servers, they constitute a base for the internet as we know it. All servers are ruled by different terms of service, governance models and national legislation in relation to privacy and access to data by third actor parties (or "trackers") and are dependent on a variety of business models. This somewhat technical definition can obscure the possibilities for understanding the political aspect behind the setting up and management of a server. In that sense, what would be the purposes13 and principles 14 of a feminist server? Can feminist servers support women, feminists and GLBTQI in their fight for having their rights such as freedom of expression and opinion respected? Can we create trust among us to develop cooperative approaches to the management of those spaces of resistance and transformation? These were more or less the questions that a group of people interested in gender asked themselves during the first Feminist Server Summit 15 in December 2013 and at the first TransHackFeminist (THF!) Convergence 16 held in August 2014. The discussions that emerged out of those meetings recognised that we do not yet have feminist tech collectives that design feminist autonomous infrastructures for the feminist, queer and trans* movement(s) and that this should become a priority. 17

For example, two feminist servers that were dormant re-emerged during the THF! Convergence:

  • The Systerserver project, which was originally launched in early 2000 by the Genderchangers 18 and the Eclectic Tech Carnival (/etc), and focuses on hosting online services such as etherpads and a voice over internet protocol (VoIP) application.

  • The Anarcha server,19 started by the TransHackFeminists from Calafou, an eco-industrial post-capitalist colony located in Catalonia. It hosts a mediawiki, a WordPress farm and a media publishing platform.

These feminist servers are composed by a loose coalition of women, queer and trans* from around the world, with some explicitly interested in hacking heteronormativity and patriarchy. They are also about demonstrating that it is possible to create safe spaces where the harassment of women, feminists and GLBTQI is not allowed and where all can learn about technology in a non-hierarchal and non-meritocratic way. However, even if these server initiatives are inspiring to many, they still remain at the embryonic stage. Moreover, they do not consider themselves service providers; neither have they clearly decided to become stable and sustainable tech collectives providing hosting and online services to women, feminists and GLBTQI groups. In any case, they show that feminist servers are possible and that they should become a political aim for any organisations working in the field of gender social justice and GLBTQI rights – which should be concerned about achieving autonomy in communication and technological infrastructures, in addition to securing their data, social networks and historical memories on the web.

Conclusion

The targeting, silencing and censorship of women, feminists and GLBTQI people online has been and is being challenged in multiple ways. Women, feminists and GLBTQI people have been particularly creative in their everyday forms of resistance and their solidarities and care towards one another. While the initiatives outlined above are exciting, they do remain at an embryonic stage where only a few are able to participate. The reasons why so few initiatives exist ought to be at the core of a feminist analysis to understand how gendered technology actually is. Who is encouraged at a young age to tinker with technology? What kind of division of labour exists when it comes to technology? Why is the level of attrition so high for women in the tech industry?

While seriously considering the above, it remains that if we want to see the Feminist Principles of the Internet as formulated by APC become a reality, we need our own feminist autonomous infrastructures. To do so, we need to have feminist tech collectives that focus on providing these services. We need to be active in developing our expertise and that of the younger generation. But for that to happen we need the feminist and GLBTQI movement(s) to pay more attention to these issues, create more safe spaces to learn collectively, stop fearing technologies and decide collectively that we need to change gears to reshape our own communication and technological infrastructure. After all, freedom of expression is part of the feminist struggle and women, feminists and GLBTQI people can contribute by providing collectively the knowledge and means to ensure that their right to speak up remains accessible online, offline, and wherever and in any format where expression emerges.

References:

1 Barlow, J. P. (1996). A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace. https://projects.eff.org/~barlow/Declaration-Final.html

2 Doxxing of harassers means searching for and publishing private information about a harasser on the internet with the aim of shaming the individual.

3 An example of the embodiment of everyday forms of resistance is that of feminist social media practices that resist rape culture by hijacking Twitter feeds and hashtags that blame victims and perpetuate myths and stereotypes.

4 See “My shadow” by theTactical Technology Collective: https://myshadow.org/

5 For a more extensive list of autonomous servers visit: https://help.riseup.net/en/radical-servers and http://backbone409.calafou.org/participants/index.en.html

6 The following is a great activists etherpads that can be used: https://pad.riseup.net/

7 Riseup.net offers VPN to know more visit: https://help.riseup.net/en/vpn

8 To go to the Geek Feminism Wiki visit: http://geekfeminism.wikia.com/wiki/Geek_Feminism_Wiki

9 Adam, A. (2003). Hacking into Hacking: Gender and the Hacker Phenomenon. ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society, 33(4).

10 Nakamura, L. (2014). Indigenous Circuits: Navajo Women and the Racialization of Early Electronic Manufacture. American Quarterly, 66(4), 919-941.

11 To know more visit: https://tacticaltech.org/gender-tech-institute

12 One example is the International Feminist Hackathon Day (a.k.a. FemHack) held on 23 May 2015. To know more about this initiative see: www.f3mhack.org

13 For a history of where the desire for feminist servers arose read: Alarcon, S. et al. (2015, 30 April). Exquisite Corpse. New Criticals. www.newcriticals.com/exquisite-corpse/page-8

14 Following discussions at the Feminist Server Summit, Femke Snelting came up with a list that defines what a feminist server is, available here: http://esc.mur.at/en/werk/feminist-server

15 vj14.constantvzw.org

16 transhackfeminist.noblogs.org/post/2015/01/25/a-transhackfeminist-thf-convergence-report and anarchaserver.org/mediawiki/index.php/Main_Page

17 The theme of the second edition of the TransHackFeminist (THF!) Convergence is aptly titled “Error 404. Dissent Technologies Not Found”: transhackfeminist.noblogs.org

18 A video about the GenderChangers is available at: https://vimeo.com/4090016

19 anarchaserver.org

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Slashdot - Top 7 posts on reddit.com/r/googlefi and the personal report of my roommate: Hangouts SMS was remotely disabled for a few hours today, and the Messages app took over. Hangouts was supposed to shut down SMS service in October, but has quietly kept on working. It seems likely this was a test, intentio...
          

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Rate of vapers in Utah six times higher than US average

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Jeffrey Manzanares started vaping nicotine two years ago because he thought it would be a safe way to quit smoking. Instead, it almost killed him.

The 33-year-old construction worker spent 17 days in a Utah hospital last month when he came down with a lung illness after vaping nicotine and THC, the high-inducing ingredient in marijuana. He lost 50 pounds.

He’s back at work now and on the mend, but he swears he’ll never touch a vaping pipe again. He offers a warning for anyone he sees vaping: “Hey, that almost killed me.”

“I want people to know stuff you see on the news is not a joke. I was literally almost dead,” Manzanares said. “It’s not a safer alternative.”

He is one of 109 people who have suffered vaping-related lung illnesses in the state, according to an updated tally Monday from the Utah Department of Health.

Utah has one of the 34 deaths reported nationwide in the outbreak, and the state’s rate of 26 vaping-related illness cases per 1 million people as of mid-October was more than six times the national rate, according to a federal Center for Disease Control and Prevention report based on Utah Health Department data. Most are men, and the median age is 26, the data shows.

Nationally, 1,600 cases have been reported as of Oct. 22, according to CDC data. The agency did not provide vaping rates for other states.

Utah health care officials are trying to pinpoint why the state has been hit so hard. The state’s adult vaping rate is about the national average, and the youth rate is significantly lower than the national rate, according to CDC data.

The state prohibits recreational marijuana, and while medical marijuana is legal, the state has yet to open dispensaries or issue patient cards.

THC vaping cartridges are fueling the outbreak, and most of what’s been tested in Utah’s cases appear to be from the black market, said Angela Dunn, the state epidemiologist for Utah Department of Health.

There are indications the contaminated batches are coming from California, though that hasn’t been confirmed.

Last year, more than 50 people around Salt Lake City were poisoned by vapors containing synthetic marijuana from a California company in a separate outbreak.

Mirroring national findings, researchers have found vitamin E acetate, a thickener that looks similar to cannabis oil, in some of the liquids tested, she said.

The Utah Department of Health passed an emergency rule restricting the sale of flavored e-cigarettes in the state. But a judge on Monday temporarily blocked the rule while saying state officials didn’t show a link between flavored nicotine vaping and the outbreak.

Utah Highway Patrol St. Nick Street said the agency has seized 40,000 THC vaping cartridges and 15,000 grams of THC extract this year, most of which appears to be coming from the black market. Troopers usually find the cartridges in hidden car compartments on Interstate 15 in southern Utah heading north, he said.

Dr. Scott Aberegg, a physician and an associate professor at the University of Utah who specializes in pulmonary medicine, said it has been difficult to get many of the young patients to admit they vaped THC or provide details about where they got it, perhaps because of social pressures in a state where nearly two-thirds of the residents belong to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

The faith instructs its members to follow a strict health code that bans smoking, recreational marijuana use and alcohol. The Utah-based church in August strongly reiterated vaping is prohibited.

Manzanares, who is not a member of the faith, said he got the THC, which he used to help sleep, from an acquaintance. He doesn’t know where that person got it.

Aberegg treated Manzanares and called it one of the worst cases Utah has seen. Manzanares also had viral pneumonia, which Aberegg said compounded the issue. As flu season looms, Aberegg worries they will see more cases of people suffering from vaping illnesses and the flu.

“If it’s still happening during influenza season, you’re going to see some really bad illnesses, like two-plus-two equals seven,” Aberegg said.

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Access to Maternal Health Commodities

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ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Posted on November 30, 2010November 13, 2014Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Unlike some other aspects of the development world, maternal health solutions are often straightforward and less controversial. Ask 10 experts how to improve local governance in a given country, and you’ll likely get 10 different answers. However, ask 10 experts how to treat post-partum hemorrhage, and you’ll likely get one answer: treat with misoprostol. This, however, doesn’t mean that maternal health is an issue we can ignore because the challenge is often how to get that knowledge and those supplies to those who need it. The science regarding maternal health is sound, but we still need to figure out how to put that science to use in low-resource settings.This morning at the Woodrow Wilson center in Washington, D.C., the MHTF and UNFPA hosted “Expanding Access to Essential Maternal Health Commodities.” The discussion focused on methods to ensure that the necessary supplies that we know are essential for maternal health are available in low-resource settings. Elizabeth Leahy Madsen from Population Action International and Melodie Holden from Venture Strategies Innovations (VSI) discussed methods for getting supplies, such as misoprostol, into the hands of health workers and doctors in countries such as Bangladesh and[...]
          

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Reality strikes a sanctuary city

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Sanctuary County Rolls Back Its Anti-ICE Policy Following String Of Illegal Aliens Charged With Rape

REUTERS/Kate Munsch
Daily Caller News Foundation logo
JASON HOPKINSIMMIGRATION AND POLITICS REPORTER
  • Montgomery County Executive Marc Elrich, a Democrat, has backpedaled on an executive order he signed several months ago that prohibited cooperation with ICE agents. 
  • The county executive will allow ICE agents to apprehend illegal aliens in his custody, but only in “identified areas” in the Montgomery County jail. 
  • The reversal is the latest move by Montgomery County’s government, which endured national criticism for its sanctuary policy amid a string of rape charges against illegal aliens within the jurisdiction. 
Following months of national media coverage over the handling of illegal aliens in his custody, Montgomery County, Maryland, Executive Marc Elrich has somewhat reversed a sanctuary policy he signed into law.
Elrich will allow Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents the ability to access certain areas of the Montgomery County jail in order to apprehend illegal aliens, according to ABC7 News. A county spokesman confirmed to the local news outlet on Nov. 1 that correctional officers have been ordered to give ICE agents clearance to “identified areas” of the jail to “ensure that transfers are conducted in a safe environment.”
News of the cooperation between Montgomery County and federal immigration authorities comes three months after Elrich signed an executive order that prohibited county officials from working with ICE.
Elrich signed the “The Promoting Community Trust Executive Order” in July, which barred county police from asking an individual about their immigration status and largely prohibited them from cooperating with ICE agents. Montgomery County had already refused to honor ICE detainer requests, and the new order was the latest sanctuary measure enacted by a deep-blue locality revolting against the Trump administration’s crackdown on illegal immigration.
However, Elrich’s order soon proved controversial. Authorities arrested numerous illegal aliens in Montgomery County — all of the arrests taking place just weeks after the order was signed — and charged them with rape or other sexual abuse crimes. The string of rape charges shined a national spotlight on the county’s policy toward criminal illegal aliens and its fraught relationship with the agency tasked with removing them.
A public relations battle ensued between federal immigration authorities and Elrich’s office.
Elrich said in a public statement issued in late August his office cannot honor ICE detainers unless they come with a judicial warrant. However, ICE and other immigration experts blasted that defense, noting that, under the Immigration and Nationality Act, ICE agents do not need a judge’s signature to issue such a warrant.
“The public has been misled to believe that certain judges have the authority to sign a warrant for civil immigration violations — but no such judicial authority exists,” an ICE spokesperson said to the Daily Caller News Foundation. “This idea is a myth created by those who either oppose immigration enforcement efforts, are misinformed, or who do not understand how the immigration system works.”
In a scathing response to national criticism, the Montgomery County Council in early September accused the Trump administration, conservative media, “Neo-Nazi sympathizers” and others of spreading “a lot of inaccurate information” about the county’s criminal justice process.
Pro-ICE demonstrators held a rally in front of the Montgomery County office building on Sept. 13, demanding elected leaders end its sanctuary executive order. The rally, which drew counter-protesters, was held to highlight organizers’ argument that immigration enforcement helps keep communities safer. (RELATED: Trump Taps Chad Wolf As DHS Acting Secretary)
It’s not clear if Elrich’s rollback of his sanctuary rules are sufficient enough for federal immigration authorities. ICE did not respond to a request for comment from the DCNF.
There are caveats to the renewed cooperation, however. Before arriving at the county jail, ICE must submit an immigration detainer and arrive before the wanted illegal alien is released. If, for some reason, ICE agents are not able to arrive on time, the individual is released into the public — even if the individual has been charged with murder, rape or other heinous crime.
Content created by The Daily Caller News Foundation is available without charge to any eligible news publisher that can provide a large audience. For licensing opportunities of our original content, please contact licensing@dailycallernewsfoundation.org.

          

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A Michigan Man Underpaid His Property Taxes By $8.41. The County Seized His Property, Sold It—and Kept the Profits.

A state law allows counties to effectively steal homes over unpaid taxes and keep the excess revenue for their own budgets.

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A woman used a power washer to transform her driveway into viral works of art

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Dianna Wood used a power washer to transform her driveway by drawing art into the dirt. She posted photos on Facebook, where they went viral. She told Insider she's happy the photos are bringing people joy. Visit Insider's homepage for more stories. Power washers have something of a cult following, from a popular "Power Washing Porn" subreddit with 825,000 members to YouTube compilations of power washers at work. People love the satisfaction of watching the concentrated streams of water wash away dirt, leaving behind a clean, bright surface. One North Carolina resident's power washer driveway art attracted the attention of not only power washer enthusiasts, but people around the world. Here's how she transformed her driveway into a viral work of street art.Dianna Wood doesn't have any formal art training, but says she's done "crazy art things" since she was about 5 years old. Wood, who lives in Burlington, North Carolina, retired a few years ago. When her husband bought her a power washer for her birthday, she cleaned everything in sight. "There is something so therapeutic about seeing dirty siding, fences, bricks, and cement go from yuck to clean," she wrote on her blog, The Wood's Secret Garden. When she saw how long it would take to fully clean her driveway, she decided to turn it into an art project, instead. Wood took advantage of the driveway's dirty pavement, using the power washer to remove residue with artistic flair. She started creating word art, writing out words like "love," "truth," and "hope" in different fonts. All of Wood's power washer art was completely free hand — no stencils involved. Wood kept experimenting, using the power washer to draw lifelike woodland creatures. She drew an owl, complete with ruffled feathers and alert eyes. She used the tip of the power washer like a paintbrush. "I raise and lower the tip and turn the angle of it (like you would a fan paintbrush or a calligraphy pen or a can of spray paint), in order to achieve different gradations of clean," she told Insider. When she posted pictures of her power washer driveway art on Facebook, they went viral. Her original post has been shared over 165,000 times. "I am not really wired for all this attention," she said. "But I am happy my art seems to be bringing so many people, from all over the world, joy." Read more: This artist recreates iconic paintings and hides them in abandoned locations, and the contrast is stunning 14 breathtaking photos of Turkey's rainbow-colored neighborhoods This French artist transforms famous landmarks into optical illusions
          

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What you see in Vegas stays in Vegas

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Nicked from Reddit, and I don't know who to credit


          

Trasporto aereo: crisi economica o problema di rapporto tra le classi?

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Trasporto aereo: crisi economica o problema di rapporto tra le classi?
Warren Buffet, uno degli uomini più ricchi al mondo, nel 2006, in un'intervista al New York Times, ammise senza troppo pudore, con enorme imbarazzo da parte dei pennivendoli negazionisti di professione, che esiste una guerra di classe, ma che era la sua classe che la stava portando avanti e la…

Warren Buffet, uno degli uomini più ricchi al mondo, nel 2006 ammise che esiste una guerra di classe, ma che era la sua classe che la stava portando avanti e la stava vincendo. E' infatti emblematico che persino in un settore come quello del trasporto aereo, che non è affatto in crisi, il capitale eroda, a suo vantaggio, ulteriori quote di profitto dall'aumento dello sfruttamento del lavoro.

di Riccardo Filesi

"La storia di ogni società sinora esistita è storia di lotte di classi. Liberi e schiavi, patrizi e plebei, baroni e servi della gleba, membri delle corporazioni e garzoni, in una parola oppressi ed oppressori sono sempre stati in contrasto fra di loro, hanno sostenuto una lotta ininterrotta, a volte nascosta, a volte palese: una lotta che finì sempre o con una trasformazione rivoluzionaria di tutta la società o con la rovina comune delle classi in lotta." (Marx-Engels, MANIFESTO DEL PARTITO COMUNISTA - 1848)

Warren Buffet, uno degli uomini più ricchi al mondo, nel 2006, in un'intervista al New York Times, ammise senza troppo pudore, con enorme imbarazzo da parte dei pennivendoli negazionisti di professione, che esiste una guerra di classe, ma che era la sua classe che la stava portando avanti e la stava vincendo. Qualche anno dopo infatti confermò in altra sede quella vittoria. Warren Buffet, magnate della finanza, poteva d'altronde disconoscere a suo piacimento, con grande libertà di pensiero e di portafoglio, quanto altrove andava finanziando con la propaganda a vantaggio del suo status dominante. Propaganda compiuta quotidianamente nella costruzione di sovrastrutture culturali, e diretta emanazione del potere.

Per i comunisti nulla di nuovo, ma che a dirlo, e certamente per motivi del tutto strumentali (che qui non intendiamo affrontare), sia stato uno dei capitalisti più ricchi ed influenti del pianeta è alquanto significativo del livello dei rapporti di forza tra le classi. Questo è infatti il nodo centrale che accomuna tutti noi, come riflessione attorno a ciò che si muove a livello conflittuale come quota parte della nostra classe subordinata, in risposta alla ristrutturazione del capitale in un periodo di crisi generale. E questo è il termometro del livello di coscienza che permea la classe lavoratrice, da troppo tempo resa incosapevole delle sue potenzialità. Questa riflessione generale consente, ai più accorti, di comprendere con maggior puntualità come possano verificarsi alcune apparenti anomalie in alcuni specifici settori produttivi, anche in casa nostra.

E' infatti emblematico che persino in un settore come quello del trasporto aereo, che non è affatto in crisi, il capitale eroda, a suo vantaggio, ulteriori quote di profitto dall'aumento dello sfruttamento del lavoro. Come può essere possibile che si assista a migliaia di licenziamenti nel solo Aeroporto di Fiumicino, se le condizioni generali ci dicono che il mercato è in costante crescita sia nel settore trasporto passeggeri che merci, segnando addirittura negli ultimi tre mesi del 2015, per l'Aeroporto di Fiumicino circa un + 9% (dati ufficiali Enac)? Perché non solo non esiste una risposta adeguata e specifica dei lavoratori aeroportuali, ma anche perché siamo in assenza di una risposta generalizzata alla guerra che il capitale opera quotidianamente contro il lavoro: in pratica nel nostro paese non trova ostacoli degni di nota.

Di fronte ad una crisi strutturale come quella attuale, punta dell'iceberg di una profonda crisi che invade tutta la società capitalista dagli anni '70, i capitali cercano ogni strada possibile per continuare il loro "naturale" compito di crescita di valorizzazione del proprio investimento. E' così che spuntano nuovi soggetti pronti a far la voce dei Cai-mani (e non solo, visto che ora in Italia si sono affacciati addirittura gli arabi dei "petroldollari" con Etihad) in un settore così fluido e florido come quello del trasporto aereo. Ma l'ultimo affare Alitalia Cai con l'entrata a gamba tesa di Etihad, è però solo uno dei vari passaggi che hanno caratterizzato gli ultimi anni di totale deregolamentazione e liberalizzazione assoluta nella gestione del settore. Le storie del degrado dei rapporti di forza tra lavoro e capitale in ambito aeroportuale, iniziano da lontano, con lo smembramento degli Aeroporti di Roma negli anni '90, e la lenta e costante distruzione dell'azienda di riferimento del settore: l'Alitalia (ai tempi ancora a maggioranza pubblica). In molti, tra politica, pennivendoli ed istituzioni, risultano alquanto smemorati rispetto al fatto che Adr (Aeroporti di Roma) entrò a far parte di Alitalia nel 1983 (tramite cessione all'interno del defunto Gruppo IRI), e che nel 1994 il nuovo azionista diventò Aeroporti di Roma Holding, società che annovera tra gli azionisti, oltre Fintecna, anche Lehman Brothers. Interessante vedere quindi come il capitale finanziario in quegli anni entra a pieno titolo dentro un settore come quello del trasporto aereo, altamente produttivo e remunerativo, soprattutto se parliamo di società del calibro di Leman Brothers che, come tutti sanno, nel 2008 fu travolta dagli scandali legati al suo fallimento. Ma è altrettanto interessante notare come la lenta distruzione del Gruppo IRI iniziata negli anni '80 e proseguita a ritmo serrato negli anni '90, è il frutto di una ristrutturazione del capitale a livello mondiale (ricordiamo su tutti i governi Thatcher e Reagan, nati rispettivamente nel 1979 e nel 1981) che parte dalla crisi degli anni '70 e che, per quanto riguarda l'ex Comunità Europea (oggi UE), promuove attraveso il Trattato di Maastricht nel 1992 la completa liberalizzazione dei mercati e getta le basi per la concretizzazione della moneta unica dell'Unione Europea. E' dentro il processo di crisi economica generale quindi, e poi di liberalizzazione e deregolamentazione dei mercati, che va inserito quanto accaduto nel trasporto aereo, pur essendo tale settore per nulla in crisi. E' all'interno dei processi di valorizzazione del capitale, che perde in interi settori mentre fa enormi profitti in altri, che si possono meglio comprendere le conseguenze quotidiane sulla pelle dei lavoratori, inclusi quelli aeroportuali. Ma in questa partita, qui in Italia, non bisogna allora dimenticare che per la libera realizzazione di questi interessi bisognava costituire un ente che assolvesse al compito di garanzia di tale ristrutturazione: il convitato di pietra per eccellenza, ossia l'Enac (Ente Nazionale per l'Aviazione Civile). E' infatti questo ente, non a caso nato nel 1997 nel pieno del periodo di transizione, che ha avuto un ruolo cruciale nelle varie vicende che hanno afflitto il trasporto aereo ed i suoi lavoratori, risultando infine il vero esattore degli interessi del capitale. L'Enac è stato in grado di coprire, con il suo ombrello istituzionale, ogni possibile passaggio discutibile, a partire dalla proliferazione delle concessioni alle società di handling, il cui scopo era quello di imprimere una presunta benevola concorrenza che avrebbe dovuto garantire una miglior qualità dei serivizi abbattendone contemporaneamente i costi. Il risultato finale però lo possono raccontare bene i lavoratori, che grazie all'effetto dumping si sono visti minare i livelli di sicurezza nello svolgimento delle proprie mansioni, oltre che la perdita continua di diritti, salario e livelli di occupazione per il personale con una certa anzianità di servizio, sistematicamente sostituito con lavoratori precari.

E' così che si accumulano fatti e vicende solo apparentemente anomale, cose che spesso vengono presentate in modo del tutto contraddittorio e fuorviante, e che creano ancor più confusione, con il risultato finale di partecipare alla falsa idea comune che in Italia un settore strategico come quello del trasporto aereo sia in crisi. Quando tutto il mondo del lavoro offre quotidianamente il suo bollettino di guerra in quasi tutti i settori produttivi del paese, con chiusure di aziende, casse integrazioni e licenziamenti, osservare con attenzione quanto accade ad esempio in un aeroporto come quello dello scalo di Roma Fiumicino diventa un'operazione fuori moda, oltre che difficile. A ben vedere quindi, la crisi, che non è un evento naturale ma il modo con il quale il capitale ristruttura il proprio processo produttivo per ricercare una nuova valorizzazione del suo investimento, presenta alcuni elementi che devono essere valutati con attenzione, e dunque non solo in un settore come quello del trasporto aereo dove è facilmente comprovabile dai dati che non è affatto in crisi, ma anche in quei settori dove è evidente una sovrapproduzione ed una tendenza generale alla caduta del saggio di profitto. Infatti se non comprendiamo cosa sia una crisi economica (magari comprendendo anche quale sia il presupposto di funzionamento tecnico che la crea), e quale rapporto abbia con i livelli di coscienza dei lavoratori, rispetto al conflitto di classe citato dallo stesso Warren Buffett, non si mette a nudo lo scopo di esistenza del capitale (cioè del sistema capitalista) che, tradotto ancora in altri termini, non è altro che far profitto dallo sfruttamento del lavoro altrui. Ovviamente, tutto ciò risulta vero, a condizione che si voglia guardare in faccia la realtà senza ammantarla con illusioni consolatrici promosse dall'ideologia dominante, che in ultima analisi vorrebbe "venderci" l'idea di una società pacificata ed interclassista, dove gli interessi della classe padronale possono tranquillamente convergere con quelli della classe subordinata: i lavoratori. Una dolce illusione che cozza duramente con la condizione generale della classe lavoratrice.

Dunque a tal proposito, per compendere i processi di ristrutturazione ancora in atto nel nostro paese, può risultare utile un bel testo del 2014, di un collettivo di ricercatori indipendenti, Clash City Worker, Dove sono i nostri, La casa Usher). Dal loro lavoro di inchiesta ed analisi, emerge un quadro interessante per quanto riguarda l'assetto produttivo e di classe del nostro paese.Il testo fa emergere in sintesi ed in modo chiaro "come si produce la ricchezza, e chi la produce, quali sono state le trasformazioni più significative del mondo del lavoro negli ultimi decenni e quali le linee di tendenza per il prossimo futuro. Chi sono i nostri? E dove sono? Lavoratori dipendenti, parasubordinati, produttivi e improduttivi, "finte" partite Iva, Neet, immigrati: manifestazioni differenti dello stesso fenomeno, etichette e catalogazioni – molte delle quali imprecise e da sfatare - che spesso servono a frammentare ciò che in realtà è unito da interessi comuni e simili ritmi di vita."

E' a questo punto quindi che si inserisce la domanda specifica, che in questo caso riguarda i lavoratori del trasporto aereo, e ancor più nello specifico quelli dell'Aeroporto di Fiumicino. Cosa possiamo fare? Quali strumenti utilizzare per rimettere in moto livelli di coscienza e conflittualità adeguati, in grado di contribuire al rilancio di un regime di regolamentazione che meglio garantisca i lavoratori del comparto? A tal proposito negli ultimi mesi è entrato in scena un comitato di lavoratori autoconvocati (CoRiSTA - Comitato Rioccupazione Stabile Trasporto Aereo), che sta provando, anche assieme al lavoro dei sindacati di base, Cub Trasporti ed Usb Lavoro Privato, e del Coordinamento Mobilitati Filt Cgil, a riconnettere un tessuto sociale totalmente disgregato, e promuovere propri interessi di classe. Un comitato di lavoratori licenziati che parte da un'esperienza passata (il Comitato Overbooked dei licenziati Alitalia del 2008) e che vuole provare ad aggregare anche realtà di lavoratori licenziati oltre il mondo Alitalia, partendo dall'Aeroporto di Fiumicino.

L'elemento innovativo ed interessante, già presente nel vecchio Comitato Overbooked, non è solo la trasversalità rispetto ai vari tesseramenti sindacali di provenienza (sia passati che in atto), di chi si mette ovviamente in gioco all'interno di questo comitato, ma soprattutto il fatto che al suo interno si cerca di promuovere un intellettuale collettivo attraverso un confronto diretto degli interessati, ed una sintesi finale che produce riunioni organizzative, e che porta ad un nuovo protagonismo dei lavoratori stessi attraverso un'autorganizzazione consiliare. Nessuno vuole illudersi, ed illudere, che sia in atto un cambio passo sostanziale, perché la capacità di stimolo e aggregazione di questo comitato è ancora molto lontana dal produrre spostamenti di rapporti di forza, ma si è consapevoli del fatto che la strada che sta segnando è potenzialmente significativa, e ha prodotto dei piccoli segnali positivi. La sua potenzialità, non deve però risolversi solo rispetto alla capacità di ascolto delle istituzioni determinata dal "distrubo" agli interessi del capitale che può arrecare, ma va colta proprio nella sua possibilità di connettere le sofferenze di chi si scopre ogni giorno sempre più simile ad altre realtà lavorative, ben oltre gli aspetti corporativi tipici della categoria e gli errori dei sindacati confederali sempre più compatibili con gli interessi padronali. Ma per avere una visione d'insieme, non dobbiamo dimenticare neanche gli errori del sindacalismo di base, che alle volte rischia di avvitarsi su sé stesso nelle modalità di rapporto con i lavoratori, o perché assume posizioni di "lotta" e di "governo" nella vertenza in atto, lasciando i lavoratori stessi isolati, dopo roboanti manifestazioni di intenti, con firme che vedono tali sindacati conformarsi alle compatibilità confederali, o perché inseguono una tendenza settaria. In quest'ultimo caso il rischio è quello di produrre una separazione delle avanguardie più combattive dal corpo medio della classe, solitamente più arretrato e non in grado di cogliere in anticipo gli elementi critici del conflitto tra capitale e lavoro. Se, come si usa dire in certi ambiti sindacali, non ci si può scegliere i propri padroni, è ancor più vero che non ci si può scegliere i propri lavoratori, scremando quelli "buoni" per la lotta, da quegli altri, indolenti, acritici, corporativi, qualunquisti e opportunisti, in sintesi inutili per contribuire alla messa in campo di azioni conflittuali. Per un sindacato, soprattutto se si caratterizza per le sue posizioni di classe e anticoncertative, è invece fondamentale agire non caratterizzandosi solo attraverso una presa di posizione identitaria promossa dai suoi militanti, ma anche riuscendo ad agire in contesti consiliari, di comitati più aperti e includenti, dove poter intrecciare rapporti che facilitino la permeabilità della coscienza di classe, grazie a percorsi e piattaforme di lotta messe in campo dal protagonismo di singoli soggetti che assumono una visione collettiva e prendono coscienza mano a mano che il percorso si delinea ed apre a possibilità concrete di risoluzioni dei loro problemi. Un lavoro faticoso ma necessario, che non guarda al lavoratore in funzione del suo pedigree, perché pur riconoscendone tutti i suoi limiti prova ad accompagnarlo nel percorso includendolo e rendendolo parte attiva del processo, e lo rispetta quindi in quanto parte della classe.

Sotto questo aspetto CoRiSTA, ha il pregio di mantenere una sua barra diritta al centro sui punti emersi e discussi tra tutti quanti, cercando di offrire un terreno di confronto sempre aperto anche alle istanze più arretrate, nel difficile compito di accompagnare il processo di presa di coscienza di una situazione data, per promuovere infine soluzioni comuni possibilmente inserite in un orizzonte di senso di interessi unitari di classe.

E' così quindi che il Comitato, nel suo agitarsi e nella sua testarda ostinazione nell'aggregare lavoratori di differenti provenienze sindacali e di mansioni lavorative, è arrivato ad ottenere una convocazione, assieme alle citate organizzazioni sindacali, da parte della commissione lavoro della Regione Lazio. La manifestazione promossa ed organizzata proprio dal Comitato stesso nello scorso 15 aprile, sebbene non abbia sfondato dal punto di vista numerico, ha però ottenuto un piccolo risultato. Così come la partecipazione assieme all'Usb Lavoro Privato e al Coordinamento Mobilitati Filt Cgil alla manifestazione promossa dalla Cub Trasporti presso il Ministero del Lavoro il 23 Aprile, dovrebbe essere la premessa per essere ascoltati nel prossimo tavolo interministeriale che dovrebbe occuparsi dei problemi del trasporto aereo.

In conclusione è importante sottolineare non solo il lungo cammino che dovrebbe vedere tutti quanti impegnati, nel tentativo di imporre una regolamentazione costituendo bacini specifici dai quali attingere per le assunzioni, e all'interno di una cornice di sviluppo possibile e diverso, identificato nel progetto della Città del Volo ma anche i rischi in cui si può incorrere se questi lavoratori verranno schiacciati dalla proposta dei contratti di ricollocazione. Tali contratti infatti non sono altro che un modo per attenuare il conflitto e far passare i lavoratori per le agenzie di lavoro interinale, senza alcuna vera garanzia per una loro rioccupazione, ma solo la certezza che soldi pubblici verranno regalati alle agenzie che interverranno nel programma legato a queste politiche attive, promosse, in questo caso, dalla Regione Lazio. Non è un caso infatti che, sebbene la convocazione con la commissione lavoro abbia permesso al comitato di promuovere la propria piattaforma, ed abbia aperto alla possibilità di proseguire un'interlocuzione utile alla risoluzione almeno di alcune urgenze legate alla continuità di reddito (tutto da verificare ovviamente), la qualità politica degli interlocutori è risultata alquanto scarsa, riducendosi ad esortazioni, da parte del suo presidente, che rasentano il ridicolo, se solo orientate a consigliare al Comitato di proseguire nelle azioni di manifestazione e aggregazione, volte a promuovere la piattaforma stessa, sollecitando quindi la politica ai suoi più alti vertici istituzionali, dunque fino al prossimo tavolo interministeriale che verrà "allestito".

Se ne deduce, in ultima analisi, che il livello politico degli interlocutori non è affatto all'altezza della situazione (ovviamente scontato dentro una lettura di classe), e che il Comitato dovrà dunque fare un doppio lavoro, assieme ai sindacati presenti, non solo per convincere i lavoratori a proseguire in questo percorso ed allargare la partecipazione, ma anche nel mettere a nudo la mancanza di idee di mediazione tra gli interessi del capitale con quelli del lavoro da parte della politica di governo, sia esso locale o nazionale, tutta asservita invece agli interessi di chi gestisce i grandi capitali investiti nel trasporto aereo. Su questo, non si può che augurare una prosecuzione del prezioso lavoro che sta compiendo, nella speranza che i principi unitari che muovono CoRiSTA, sulla base di una piattaforma condivisa tra i lavoratori, siano sempre più agevolati da una coscienza di classe crescente.

  • Alitalia
  • Adr
  • Corista

              

    Partinico, scoperto furbetto del Reddito di cittadinanza: lavorava in nero in un panificio

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    Ora dovrà rispondere a una denuncia della Guardia di Finanza

    l'articolo Partinico, scoperto furbetto del Reddito di cittadinanza: lavorava in nero in un panificio è stato scritto su Diretta Sicilia.


              

    Reddito di cittadinanza, oltre 1 milione di beneficiari: Sicilia seconda regione

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    Per la Sicilia si tratta di un andamento inferiore rispetto alle attese

    l'articolo Reddito di cittadinanza, oltre 1 milione di beneficiari: Sicilia seconda regione è stato scritto su Diretta Sicilia.


              

    Rapporto Svimez, reddito di cittadinanza non basta: in 20 anni fuggiti 1 milione di giovani

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    Il reddito di cittadinanza serve ma tende a far allontanare i disoccupati dalla ricerca del lavoro. Così mentre aumenta il divario tra l’economia del Nord e quella del Sud, in 20 anni sono partite 2 milioni di persone e la metà è rappresentata da giovani. Il divario tra Nord e Sud del Paese è ancora […]

    l'articolo Rapporto Svimez, reddito di cittadinanza non basta: in 20 anni fuggiti 1 milione di giovani è stato scritto su Diretta Sicilia.


              

    Reddito di cittadinanza a 500mila siciliani e aziende cercano ma non trovano dipendenti

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    Mezzo milione di persone in Sicilia beneficiano del reddito di cittadinanza a fronte di 300 mila domande. Ben 500 mila persone oggi possono vivere tranquilli grazie al provvedimento voluto dal Movimento 5 Stelle. I dati sono stati riportati da direttore generale dell’INPS Sergio Saltalamacchia nel Palazzo della Regione Siciliana durante la presentazione del Bilancio sociale […]

    l'articolo Reddito di cittadinanza a 500mila siciliani e aziende cercano ma non trovano dipendenti è stato scritto su Diretta Sicilia.


              

    Mercoledì della XXXI settimana del Tempo Ordinario

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    αποφθεγμα Apoftegma

    Se l'appello del re terreno ai suoi sudditi merita attenzione,
    quanto più degno di considerazione è vedere nostro Signore, re eterno,
    che ha davanti a sé tutti gli uomini del mondo,
    e chiama ciascuno in particolare dicendo:
    "È mia volontà sottomettere al mio potere
    tutto il mondo e tutti gli avversari,
    e così entrare nella gloria del Padre mio;
    perciò chi vuole venire con me deve faticare con me,
    perché, seguendomi nella sofferenza,
    mi segua anche nella gloria"
    S. Ignazio di Loyola, Esercizi spirituali



    UN ALTRO COMMENTO





    L'ANNUNCIO
    Dal Vangelo secondo Luca 14,25-33

    In quel tempo, siccome molta gente andava con lui, Gesù si voltò e disse: “Se uno viene a me e non odia suo padre, sua madre, la moglie, i figli, i fratelli, le sorelle e perfino la propria vita, non può essere mio discepolo. Chi non porta la propria croce e non viene dietro di me, non può essere mio discepolo.
    Chi di voi, volendo costruire una torre, non si siede prima a calcolarne la spesa, se ha i mezzi per portarla a compimento? Per evitare che, se getta le fondamenta e non può finire il lavoro, tutti coloro che vedono comincino a deriderlo, dicendo: Costui ha iniziato a costruire, ma non è stato capace di finire il lavoro.
    Oppure quale re, partendo in guerra contro un altro re, non siede prima a esaminare se può affrontare con diecimila uomini chi gli viene incontro con ventimila? Se no, mentre l’altro è ancora lontano, gli manda un’ambasceria per la pace.
    Così chiunque di voi non rinunzia a tutti i suoi averi, non può essere mio discepolo”.



    AMARE E' ANCHE CALCOLARE, E ODIARE LA MENZOGNA DEL DEMONIO CHE IMPEDISCE LA LIBERTA' DI DONARSI GRATUITAMENTE


    Avranno «calcolato» ponderatamente i rischi prima di bussare alla porta della Chiesa i pagani che abitavano l’Impero Romano. Convertirsi significava infatti andare incontro ad una morte probabile. Eppure continuavano a ripetere ai cristiani che desideravano vivere come loro. Accadde anche a quel samurai che, vedendo San Francesco Saverio rispondere con pazienza e amore a dei bambini che lo insultavano e deridevano, ne rimase così affascinato da chiedergli di diventare cristiano come lui; quello straniero, infatti, doveva avere un tesoro molto più grande dell’onore che sino ad allora era stato la ragione della sua vita. «Quello che il cristianesimo offriva ultimamente ai convertiti non era nulla di meno della loro umanità» (G. Bardy), che Dio rivelava autentica e compiuta in Cristo. Incontrandola nei cristiani diveniva naturale «odiare» tutto quello che, nella loro vita, li stava ghermendo nella menzogna. Anche a noi è giunto lo stesso annuncio. Abbiamo visto e sperimentato il suo amore che ha salvato e rinnovato la nostra vita. Ma oggi, «andando a Gesù», che cosa speriamo? Siamo come la «molta gente» che lo seguiva o desideriamo davvero essere suoi «discepoli»? Seguire il Signore significa «costruire» con Lui una «torre» come quelle che si ergevano nei campi per raccogliere e difendere il raccolto. Occorre «calcolare la spesa», che comprende ogni istante della nostra vita, e discernere i «mezzi» con cui «portare la missione a compimento», ovvero «la propria croce». Significa «portare» con Lui ciò che ci umilia e che il mondo non può accettare, per annunciare a tutti che c’é una «torre» dove Cristo ci accoglie e ci difende; essa è proprio la croce di ciascuno, dove si può vivere sereni anche nella sofferenza, perché Lui ha seminato la vita nella morte. Scendere dalla Croce è consegnare se stessi e Cristo alla «derisione» del mondo, nello scandalo che impedisce a chi ci è accanto la salvezza. Seguendo il Signore siamo chiamati anche ad «affrontare» con Lui la «guerra» per strappare al «re» nemico i prigionieri della sua menzogna. Ma, è ovvio, non possiamo combattere senza «odiarlo». Non lottiamo però con le creature, ma contro il demonio e i suoi lacci: gli affetti per «padre, madre, fratelli e sorelle» vissuti nella carne e schiacciati nei compromessi, l’idolatria del denaro, feticcio che rappresenta potere e successo. Soprattutto la nostra «propria vita», con i suoi criteri, le ragioni, i progetti. «Chi non odia» tutto questo ogni giorno, finirà con l’odiare Dio per «accordarsi» con il nemico, anche se «lontano»; le sue tentazioni, infatti, sono subdole e difficili da smascherare... Il Signore ci ha «amati sino alla fine», «odiando» perfino il suo essere Dio pur di raggiungerci laddove giacevamo lontani dal Padre. Per questo «non può essere discepolo» di Gesù chi «non rinuncia a tutti i suoi averi» per far posto al suo amore incorruttibile, libero e autentico, che attira ogni uomo nel desiderio di esserne colmato.




    APPROFONDIMENTI

    Sono molti o pochi quelli che si salvano? Raniero Cantalamessa

    Benedetto XVI: Le "sostanze" e la "sostanza" (Spes Salvi)


    La fede non è soltanto un personale protendersi verso le cose che devono venire ma sono ancora totalmente assenti; essa ci dà qualcosa. Ci dà già ora qualcosa della realtà attesa, e questa realtà presente costituisce per noi una « prova » delle cose che ancora non si vedono. Essa attira dentro il presente il futuro, così che quest'ultimo non è più il puro « non-ancora ». Il fatto che questo futuro esista, cambia il presente; il presente viene toccato dalla realtà futura, e così le cose future si riversano in quelle presenti e le presenti in quelle future.
    8. Questa spiegazione viene ulteriormente rafforzata e rapportata alla vita concreta, se consideriamo il versetto 34 del decimo capitolo della Lettera agli Ebrei che, sotto l'aspetto linguistico e contenutistico, è collegato con questa definizione di una fede permeata di speranza e la prepara. Qui l'autore parla ai credenti che hanno subito l'esperienza della persecuzione e dice loro: « Avete preso parte alle sofferenze dei carcerati e avete accettato con gioia di essere spogliati delle vostre sostanze (hyparchonton – Vg: bonorum), sapendo di possedere beni migliori (hyparxin – Vg: substantiam) e più duraturi ».Hyparchonta sono le proprietà, ciò che nella vita terrena costituisce il sostentamento, appunto la base, la « sostanza » per la vita sulla quale si conta. Questa « sostanza », la normale sicurezza per la vita, è stata tolta ai cristiani nel corso della persecuzione. L'hanno sopportato, perché comunque ritenevano questa sostanza materiale trascurabile. Potevano abbandonarla, perché avevano trovato una « base » migliore per la loro esistenza – una base che rimane e che nessuno può togliere. Non si può non vedere il collegamento che intercorre tra queste due specie di « sostanza », tra sostentamento o base materiale e l'affermazione della fede come « base », come « sostanza » che permane. La fede conferisce alla vita una nuova base, un nuovo fondamento sul quale l'uomo può poggiare e con ciò il fondamento abituale, l'affidabilità del reddito materiale, appunto, si relativizza. Si crea una nuova libertà di fronte a questo fondamento della vita che solo apparentemente è in grado di sostentare, anche se il suo significato normale non è con ciò certamente negato. Questa nuova libertà, la consapevolezza della nuova « sostanza » che ci è stata donata, si è rivelata non solo nel martirio, in cui le persone si sono opposte allo strapotere dell'ideologia e dei suoi organi politici, e, mediante la loro morte, hanno rinnovato il mondo. Essa si è mostrata soprattutto nelle grandi rinunce a partire dai monaci dell'antichità fino a Francesco d'Assisi e alle persone del nostro tempo che, nei moderni Istituti e Movimenti religiosi, per amore di Cristo hanno lasciato tutto per portare agli uomini la fede e l'amore di Cristo, per aiutare le persone sofferenti nel corpo e nell'anima. Lì la nuova « sostanza » si è comprovata realmente come « sostanza », dalla speranza di queste persone toccate da Cristo è scaturita speranza per altri che vivevano nel buio e senza speranza. Lì si è dimostrato che questa nuova vita possiede veramente « sostanza » ed è una « sostanza » che suscita vita per gli altri. Per noi che guardiamo queste figure, questo loro agire e vivere è di fatto una « prova » che le cose future, la promessa di Cristo non è soltanto una realtà attesa, ma una vera presenza: Egli è veramente il « filosofo » e il « pastore » che ci indica che cosa è e dove sta la vita.

    9. Per comprendere più nel profondo questa riflessione sulle due specie di sostanze – hypostasis e hyparchonta – e sui due modi di vita espressi con esse, dobbiamo riflettere ancora brevemente su due parole attinenti l'argomento, che si trovano neldecimo capitolo della Lettera agli Ebrei. Si tratta delle parole hypomone (10,36) e hypostole (10,39). Hypomone si traduce normalmente con « pazienza » – perseveranza, costanza. Questo saper aspettare sopportando pazientemente le prove è necessario al credente per poter « ottenere le cose promesse » (cfr 10,36). Nella religiosità dell'antico giudaismo questa parola veniva usata espressamente per l'attesa di Dio caratteristica di Israele: per questo perseverare nella fedeltà a Dio, sulla base della certezza dell'Alleanza, in un mondo che contraddice Dio. Così la parola indica una speranza vissuta, una vita basata sulla certezza della speranza. Nel Nuovo Testamento questa attesa di Dio, questo stare dalla parte di Dio assume un nuovo significato: in Cristo Dio si è mostrato. Ci ha ormai comunicato la « sostanza » delle cose future, e così l'attesa di Dio ottiene una nuova certezza. È attesa delle cose future a partire da un presente già donato. È attesa, alla presenza di Cristo, col Cristo presente, del completarsi del suo Corpo, in vista della sua venuta definitiva. Con hypostole invece è espresso il sottrarsi di chi non osa dire apertamente e con franchezza la verità forse pericolosa. Questo nascondersi davanti agli uomini per spirito di timore nei loro confronti conduce alla « perdizione » (Eb 10,39). « Dio non ci ha dato uno spirito di timidezza, ma di forza, di amore e di saggezza » – così invece la Seconda Lettera a Timoteo (1,7) caratterizza con una bella espressione l'atteggiamento di fondo del cristiano.





              

    LAVORO - MEZZOGIORNO - PER RAGGIUNGERE I LIVELLI DEL CENTRO NORD IL SUD DOVREBBE CREARE 3 MILIONI DI POSTI LAVORO - MIGRAZIONI E REDDITO CITTADINANZA

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    A mechanistic model of meditation by Kaj_Sotala

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    Med­i­ta­tion has been claimed to have all kinds of trans­for­ma­tive effects on the psy­che, such as im­prov­ing con­cen­tra­tion abil­ity, heal­ing trauma, clean­ing up delu­sions, al­low­ing one to track their sub­con­scious strate­gies, and mak­ing one’s ner­vous sys­tem more effi­cient. How­ever, an ex­pla­na­tion for why and how ex­actly this would hap­pen has typ­i­cally been lack­ing. This makes peo­ple rea­son­ably skep­ti­cal of such claims.

    In this post, I want to offer an ex­pla­na­tion for one kind of a mechanism: med­i­ta­tion in­creas­ing the de­gree of a per­son’s in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness, and thus lead­ing to in­creas­ing psy­cholog­i­cal unity as in­ter­nal con­flicts are de­tected and re­solved.

    Note that this post does not dis­cuss “en­light­en­ment”. That is a re­lated but sep­a­rate topic. It is pos­si­ble to pur­sue med­i­ta­tion mainly for its or­di­nary psy­cholog­i­cal benefits while be­ing un­in­ter­ested in en­light­en­ment, and vice versa.

    What is in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness?

    In an ear­lier post on in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness, I dis­t­in­guished be­tween be­ing aware of some­thing, and be­ing aware of hav­ing been aware of some­thing. My ex­am­ple in­volved that of a robot whose con­scious­ness con­tains one men­tal ob­ject at a time, and which is aware of differ­ent things at differ­ent times:

    Robot’s thought at time 1: It’s rain­ing outside
    Robot’s thought at time 2: Bat­tery low
    Robot’s thought at time 3: Tech­nolog­i­cal un­em­ploy­ment protestors are outside
    Robot’s thought at time 4: Bat­tery low
    Robot’s thought at time 5: I’m now recharg­ing my battery

    At times 2-5, the robot has no aware­ness of the fact that it was think­ing about rain at time 1. As soon as some­thing else cap­tures its at­ten­tion, it has no idea of this ear­lier con­scious con­tent—un­less a par­tic­u­lar sub­sys­tem hap­pens to record the fact, and can later re-pre­sent the con­tent in an ap­pro­pri­ately tagged form:

    Time 6: At time 1, there was the thought that [It’s rain­ing out­side]

    I said that at time 6, the robot had a mo­ment of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness: a men­tal ob­ject con­tain­ing a sum­mary of its pre­vi­ous thoughts, which can then be sep­a­rately ex­am­ined and acted upon.

    Hu­mans are not robots. But I pre­vi­ously sum­ma­rized the neu­ro­science book Con­scious­ness and the Brain, and its global neu­ronal workspace (GNW) model of con­scious­ness. Ac­cord­ing to this model, the con­tents of con­scious­ness cor­re­spond to what is be­ing rep­re­sented in a par­tic­u­lar net­work of neu­rons—the global workspace—that con­nects differ­ent parts of the brain. Differ­ent sys­tems are con­stantly com­pet­ing to get their con­tents into the global workspace, which can only hold one piece of con­tent at a time. Thus, like robots, we too are only aware of one thing at a time, and tend to lose aware­ness of our ear­lier thoughts—un­less some­thing re­minds us of them.

    In what fol­lows, I will sug­gest that like robots, hu­mans also have a type of con­scious con­tent that we might call in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness, which al­lows us to be more aware of our pre­vi­ous men­tal ac­tivity. (I am bor­row­ing the term from the med­i­ta­tion book The Mind Illu­mi­nated, which dis­t­in­guishes be­tween in­tro­spec­tive at­ten­tion, in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness, and metacog­ni­tive in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness. I am elid­ing these differ­ences for the sake of sim­plic­ity.)

    In­tro­spec­tive aware­ness is also a skill that can be de­vel­oped. Con­scious­ness and the Brain in­cludes the fol­low­ing ex­cerpt, on rea­sons why some in­for­ma­tion in our brains might not be­come con­sciously available. In short, be­cause there has to be some way of rep­re­sent­ing that in­for­ma­tion in the global workspace, which re­quires ded­i­cated neu­rons that do so:

    … a fourth way in which neu­ral in­for­ma­tion can re­main un­con­scious, ac­cord­ing to workspace the­ory, is to be diluted into a com­plex pat­tern of firing. To take a con­crete ex­am­ple, con­sider a vi­sual grat­ing that is so finely spaced, or that flick­ers so fast (50 hertz and above), that you can­not see it. Although you per­ceive only a uniform gray, ex­per­i­ments show that the grat­ing is ac­tu­ally en­coded in­side your brain: dis­tinct groups of vi­sual neu­rons fire for differ­ent ori­en­ta­tions of the grat­ing. Why can’t this pat­tern of neu­ronal ac­tivity be brought to con­scious­ness? Prob­a­bly be­cause it makes use of an ex­tremely tan­gled spa­tiotem­po­ral pat­tern of firing in the pri­mary vi­sual area, a neu­ral ci­pher too com­plex to be ex­plic­itly rec­og­nized by global workspace neu­rons higher up in the cor­tex. Although we do not yet fully un­der­stand the neu­ral code, we be­lieve that, in or­der to be­come con­scious, a piece of in­for­ma­tion first has to be re-en­coded in an ex­plicit form by a com­pact as­sem­bly of neu­rons. The an­te­rior re­gions of the vi­sual cor­tex must ded­i­cate spe­cific neu­rons to mean­ingful vi­sual in­puts, be­fore their own ac­tivity can be am­plified and cause a global workspace ig­ni­tion that brings the in­for­ma­tion into aware­ness. If the in­for­ma­tion re­mains diluted in the firing of myr­iad un­re­lated neu­rons, then it can­not be made con­scious.
    Any face that we see, any word that we hear, be­gins in this un­con­scious man­ner, as an ab­surdly con­torted spa­tiotem­po­ral train of spikes in mil­lions of neu­rons, each sens­ing only a minus­cule part of the over­all scene. Each of these in­put pat­terns con­tains vir­tu­ally in­finite amounts of in­for­ma­tion about the speaker, mes­sage, emo­tion, room size . . . if only we could de­code it—but we can’t. We be­come aware of this la­tent in­for­ma­tion only once our higher-level brain ar­eas cat­e­go­rize it into mean­ingful bins. Mak­ing the mes­sage ex­plicit is an es­sen­tial role of the hi­er­ar­chi­cal pyra­mid of sen­sory neu­rons that suc­ces­sively ex­tract in­creas­ingly ab­stract fea­tures of our sen­sa­tions. Sen­sory train­ing makes us aware of faint sights or sounds be­cause, at all lev­els, neu­rons re­ori­ent their prop­er­ties to am­plify these sen­sory mes­sages. Prior to learn­ing, a neu­ronal mes­sage was already pre­sent in our sen­sory ar­eas, but only im­plic­itly, in the form of a diluted firing pat­tern in­ac­cessible to our aware­ness.

    De­haene sug­gests that learn­ing to e.g. no­tice smaller de­tails in our sur­round­ings, is based on tap­ping into in­for­ma­tion which is already available in the brain. As one prac­tices look­ing at smaller and smaller de­tails, the brain builds up spe­cial­ized cir­cuits for ex­tract­ing, re-en­cod­ing and re-pre­sent­ing pat­terns which would oth­er­wise have been ig­nored. Gilbert, Sig­man & Crist (2001) write:

    Psy­chol­o­gists and psy­chophysi­cists have known since be­fore the turn of the cen­tury that train­ing can im­prove the abil­ity to make dis­crim­i­na­tions in a wide va­ri­ety of sen­sory modal­ities; tasks in­volv­ing vi­sual acu­ity, so­matosen­sory spa­tial re­s­olu­tion, dis­crim­i­na­tion of hue, es­ti­ma­tion of weight, and dis­crim­i­na­tion of acous­ti­cal pitch all show im­prove­ment with prac­tice [...] Train­ing can im­prove the dis­crim­i­na­tion of small differ­ences in the offset of two lines (vernier acu­ity) even though ini­tial thresh­olds are already in the hy­per­acu­ity range [...] the spa­tial re­s­olu­tion of the vi­sual sys­tem, at least in the realm of hy­per­acu­ity, can im­prove with prac­tice [...] Other vi­sual per­cep­tual tasks that im­prove with train­ing in­clude the abil­ity to dis­crim­i­nate ori­en­ta­tion [...] the di­rec­tion of mo­tion [...] the differ­ences in the wave­forms of two sinu­soidal stim­uli [...] and the abil­ity to seg­re­gate el­e­ments of the vi­sual scene us­ing tex­tu­ral cues [...] Train­ing has been found to in­crease the abil­ity of ob­servers to de­tect small differ­ences in the depth of two tar­gets [...] as well as the abil­ity to per­ceive depth in ran­dom-dot stere­ograms.

    If we have ac­cess to some sen­sory chan­nel which car­ries with it in­for­ma­tion, train­ing can cause our brains to draw upon in­for­ma­tion which has always been pro­cessed, but never be­fore con­sciously ac­cessed. And we seem to have sen­sory chan­nels which give us in­for­ma­tion about our thoughts—oth­er­wise we would have no idea of what we were think­ing.

    Richard’s ther­apy session

    We saw an ex­am­ple of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness in my post on the book Un­lock­ing the Emo­tional Brain. In the tran­script, a man named Richard has been suffer­ing from se­vere self-doubt, and is asked to imag­ine how it would feel like if he made con­fi­dent com­ments in a work meet­ing. The fol­low­ing con­ver­sa­tion fol­lows:

    Richard: Now I’m feel­ing re­ally un­com­fortable, but-it’s in a differ­ent way.
    Ther­a­pist: OK, let your­self feel it—this differ­ent dis­com­fort. [Pause.] See if any words come along with this un­com­fortable feel­ing.
    Richard: [Pause.] Now they hate me.

    The ther­a­pist is ask­ing Richard to fo­cus his at­ten­tion on the feel­ing of dis­com­fort, gen­er­at­ing mo­ments of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness about the dis­com­fort. No­tice that Richard be­comes more thought­ful and less re­ac­tive to the anx­iety as he does so. My guess of what is hap­pen­ing is some­thing like this:

    When Richard is feel­ing anx­ious, this means that a men­tal ob­ject en­cod­ing some­thing like “the feel­ing of anx­iety” is be­ing rep­re­sented in the workspace. This ac­ti­vates neu­ral rules which trig­ger the kinds of re­sponses that anx­iety has evolved to pro­duce. For ex­am­ple, a sys­tem may be trig­gered which at­tempts to plan how to es­cape the situ­a­tion caus­ing the anx­iety. This sys­tem’s in­ten­tions are then in­jected into the workspace, pro­duc­ing a state of mind where the feel­ing of anx­iety al­ter­nates with thoughts of how to get away.

    In­tro­spec­tive aware­ness is its own type of men­tal ob­ject, pro­duced by a differ­ent sub­sys­tem which takes in­puts from the global workspace, re-en­codes them in a for­mat which high­lights par­tic­u­lar as­pects of that data, and out­puts that back into the workspace. When a rep­re­sen­ta­tion of an anx­ious state of mind is cre­ated, that rep­re­sen­ta­tion does not by it­self trig­ger the same rules as the origi­nal anx­iety did.

    As a re­sult, as rep­re­sen­ta­tions of the anx­iety be­gin to al­ter­nate to­gether with the anx­iety, there are pro­por­tionately less mo­ments of anx­iety. This in turn trig­gers fewer of the sub­sys­tems at­tempt­ing to es­cape the situ­a­tion, mak­ing it eas­ier to re­flect on the anx­iety with­out be­ing both­ered by it.

    When Richard’s ther­a­pist asks him to feel the anx­iety and to see if any words come along with it, the sub­sys­tem for in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness was primed to look for any con­tent that could be re-pre­sented in ver­bal form. As Richard’s anx­iety had been pro­duced by an emo­tional schema in­clud­ing a pre­dic­tion that be­ing con­fi­dent makes you hated, some of that in­for­ma­tion had passed through the workspace and been available for the aware­ness sub­sys­tem to cap­ture. This brought up the ver­bal­iza­tion of what the schema pre­dicted would hap­pen if Richard was con­fi­dent—“now they hate me”.

    Ther­a­pist: “Now they hate me.” Good. Keep go­ing: See if this re­ally un­com­fortable feel­ing can also tell you why they hate you now.

    Ac­cord­ing to the GNW model, when a par­tic­u­lar piece of con­tent is main­tained as the cen­ter of at­ten­tion, it strength­ens the ac­ti­va­tion of any struc­tures as­so­ci­ated with it. As Richard’s ther­a­pist guides him to fo­cus on the ver­bal con­tent, more in­for­ma­tion re­lated to it is broad­cast into the workspace. The fur­ther prompt guides the aware­ness sub­sys­tem to look for pat­terns that feel like the rea­son for the hate.

    Richard: [Pause.] Hnh. Wow. It’s be­cause… now I’m… an ar­ro­gant ass­hole… like my father… a to­tally self-cen­tered, to­tally in­sen­si­tive know-it-all.

    The ther­a­pist then takes a pat­tern which Richard has brought up and helps crys­tal­lize it fur­ther, and throws it back to Richard for ver­ifi­ca­tion.

    Ther­a­pist: Do you mean that hav­ing a feel­ing of con­fi­dence as you speak turns you into an ar­ro­gant ass­hole, like Dad?
    Richard: Yeah, ex­actly. Wow.

    In this ex­am­ple, we saw that hav­ing more mo­ments of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness was benefi­cial for Richard. As as­pects of his mo­ment-to-mo­ment con­scious­ness were made available for other sub­sys­tems to ex­am­ine, the emo­tional schema caus­ing the anx­iety was iden­ti­fied and its con­tents ex­tracted into a for­mat which could be fed into other sub­sys­tems. Later on, when Richard’s co-worker dis­played con­fi­dence which oth­ers ap­proved of, a con­tra­dic­tion-de­tec­tion mechanism no­ticed a dis­crep­ancy be­tween re­al­ity and the pre­dic­tion that con­fi­dence makes you hated, al­low­ing the pre­dic­tion to be re­vised.

    Un­der this model, the sys­tem which pro­duces mo­ments of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness is a sub­sys­tem like any other in the brain. This means that it will be ac­ti­vated when the right cues trig­ger it, and its out­puts com­pete with the out­puts of other sys­tems sub­mit­ting con­tent to con­scious­ness. The cir­cum­stances un­der which the sys­tem trig­gers, and its prob­a­bil­ity of suc­cess­fully mak­ing its con­tents con­scious, are mod­ified by re­in­force­ment learn­ing. Just as prac­tic­ing a skill such as ar­ith­metic even­tu­ally causes var­i­ous sub­sys­tems to ma­nipu­late the con­tent of con­scious­ness in the right or­der, prac­tic­ing a skill which benefits from in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness will cause the sub­sys­tem gen­er­at­ing in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness to ac­ti­vate more of­ten.

    Med­i­ta­tion as a tech­nique for gen­er­at­ing mo­ments of in­tro­spec­tive awareness

    Just as there are differ­ent forms and styles of ther­apy, there are also differ­ent forms and styles of med­i­ta­tion. All of them in­volve in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness to at least some de­gree, but they differ in what that aware­ness is then used for.

    In the ex­am­ple with Richard, his ther­a­pist asked him to imag­ine be­ing con­fi­dent and to then bring his aware­ness to why that felt un­com­fortable. In con­trast, a more be­hav­iorally ori­ented ther­a­pist might not have ex­am­ined the rea­son be­hind the dis­com­fort. Rather, they might have taught Richard to no­tice his re­ac­tion to the dis­com­fort, and then use that as a cue for im­ple­ment­ing an op­po­site re­ac­tion. Both kinds of ther­a­pists would ask their clients to gen­er­ate some in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness, but aiming that aware­ness at differ­ent kinds of fea­tures, and us­ing the aware­ness to trig­ger differ­ent kinds of strate­gies. The re­sults would cor­re­spond­ingly be very differ­ent.

    Like­wise, sys­tems of med­i­ta­tion differ in how much in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness they pro­duce, what kinds of fea­tures the aware­ness-pro­duc­ing sub­sys­tem is trained to ex­tract, and what that aware­ness is then used for. For this ar­ti­cle, I have cho­sen to use the ex­am­ple of the sys­tem in The Mind Illu­mi­nated (TMI), as it is clearly ex­plained and ex­plic­itly phrased in these terms. (Again, TMI has a more pre­cise dis­tinc­tion be­tween in­tro­spec­tive at­ten­tion and in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness, which I am elid­ing for the sake of sim­plic­ity.)

    In TMI’s sys­tem, as in many oth­ers, you start with try­ing to keep your at­ten­tion on your breath. In terms of our model, this means that you want to keep sen­sory out­puts cor­re­spond­ing to your breath as the main thing in your con­scious­ness.

    The prob­lem with this goal is that there is no sub­sys­tem which can just unilat­er­ally de­cide what to main­tain as the cen­ter of at­ten­tion. At any given mo­ment, many differ­ent sub­sys­tems are com­pet­ing to make their con­tent con­scious. So one sys­tem might have the in­ten­tion to fol­low the breath, and you do it for a while, but then a plan­ning sys­tem kicks in with its in­ten­tion to think about din­ner. Such plan­ning has tended to feel re­ward­ing, so it wins out and the in­tent to med­i­tate is for­got­ten un­til five min­utes later, when you de­cide what you want for din­ner and then sud­denly re­mem­ber the thing about fol­low­ing your breath.

    TMI calls this mind-wan­der­ing from for­get­ting, and the first step of prac­tice is just to no­tice it when­ever it hap­pens, con­grat­u­late your­self for hav­ing no­ticed it, and then re­turn to the breath. Be­ing able to no­tice for­get­ting re­quires hav­ing a mo­ment of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness which points out the fact that you had not been fol­low­ing your breath. When you take satis­fac­tion in hav­ing no­ticed this, your aware­ness-pro­duc­ing sub­sys­tem gets as­signed a re­ward and be­comes slightly more likely to ac­ti­vate in the fu­ture. “Have I re­mem­bered to fol­low my breath or not?” acts a feed­back mechanism that you can ex­plic­itly train on.

    As the aware­ness-pro­duc­ing sys­tem starts to ac­ti­vate more of­ten and ping you if you have for­got­ten to med­i­tate, pe­ri­ods of mind-wan­der­ing grow shorter.

    Now, even if you stop get­ting en­tirely lost in thought, you still have dis­trac­tion: con­tent from other sub­sys­tems that is in con­scious­ness to­gether with the sen­sa­tions of the breath and the in­ten­tion to fo­cus on the breath. For ex­am­ple, you might be hav­ing stray thoughts, hear­ing sounds from your en­vi­ron­ment, and ex­pe­rienc­ing sen­sa­tions from your body.

    To more ex­clu­sively fo­cus on the breath, you are in­structed to main­tain the in­tent to both at­tend to it and also to be aware of any dis­trac­tions. The sub­sys­tems which out­put men­tal con­tent can, and nor­mally do, op­er­ate in­de­pen­dently of each other. This means that the fol­low­ing may hap­pen:

    Sub­sys­tem 1: I’m med­i­tat­ing well!
    Sub­sys­tem 2: Hmm, what’s that smell.
    Sub­sys­tem 1: I’m med­i­tat­ing well! No dis­trac­tions.
    Sub­sys­tem 2: Smells kinda like cook­ies.
    Sub­sys­tem 2: Mmm, cook­ies.
    Sub­sys­tem 1: Con­tin­u­ing to med­i­tate well!
    Sub­sys­tem 2: Say, what’s for din­ner?

    That is, a sys­tem which tracks the breath can con­tinue to re­peat­edly find the breath, and re­port that your med­i­ta­tion is pro­ceed­ing well and with no dis­trac­tions… all the while the con­tent of your con­scious­ness con­tinues to al­ter­nate with dis­tracted thoughts, which the breath-track­ing sub­sys­tem is failing to no­tice (be­cause it is track­ing the breath, not the pres­ence of other thoughts). Worse, since you may find it re­ward­ing to just think that you are med­i­tat­ing well, that thought may start to be­come re­warded, and you may find your­self just think­ing that you are med­i­tat­ing well… even as that thought has be­come self-sus­tain­ing and no longer con­nected to whether you are fol­low­ing the breath or not!

    There are all kinds of sub­tle traps like this, and re­duc­ing the amount of dis­trac­tion re­quires you to first have bet­ter aware­ness of the dis­trac­tion. This means more mo­ments of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness which are track­ing what’s ac­tu­ally hap­pen­ing in your mind:

    Sub­sys­tem 1: I’m med­i­tat­ing well!
    Sub­sys­tem 2: Hmm, what’s that smell.
    Sub­sys­tem 1: I’m med­i­tat­ing well! No dis­trac­tions.
    Sub­sys­tem 2: Smells kinda like cook­ies.
    Sub­sys­tem 2: Mmm, cook­ies.
    Aware­ness sub­sys­tem: Wait, one train of thought keeps say­ing that it’s med­i­tat­ing well, but an­other is to­tally get­ting into the thought of food.
    Sub­sys­tem 1: Oh. Bet­ter re­fo­cus that at­ten­tion on the breath, and spend less time think­ing about the con­cept of fol­low­ing the breath.

    This kind of a pro­cess also teaches you to pay at­ten­tion to pat­terns of cause and effect in your mind. In this ex­am­ple, the smell of cook­ies caused you to think of cook­ies, which in turn made you think of din­ner, which could have ul­ti­mately led to for­get­ting and mind-wan­der­ing.

    Catch­ing the train of thought af­ter “mmm, cook­ies” meant that three “pro­cess­ing steps” had passed be­fore you no­ticed it. If you prac­tice trac­ing back trains of thought in your mind, you seem to teach your aware­ness-sys­tem to col­lect and store data from a longer pe­riod, even when it is not ac­tively out­putting it. This means that at the “mmm, cook­ies” stage, you can query your aware­ness to get a trace of the im­me­di­ately pre­ced­ing thought chain.

    You no­tice that you started to get dis­tracted start­ing from the smell of the cookie and can then use this as fur­ther in­put to your aware­ness sys­tem. You are es­sen­tially tak­ing the re-pre­sented smell of the cookie which the sys­tem out­put, and feed­ing it back in, ask­ing it to pay more at­ten­tion to de­tect­ing “things like this”. The next time that you no­tice a smell, your in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness may flag it right away, let­ting you catch the dis­trac­tion at the very first stage and be­fore it turns into an ex­tended train of thought.

    Note that there is noth­ing par­tic­u­larly mys­te­ri­ous or un­usual about any of this. You are em­ploy­ing es­sen­tially the same pro­cess used in learn­ing any skill. In learn­ing to ride a bike, for ex­am­ple, at­tempt­ing to keep the bike bal­anced in­volves ad­just­ing your move­ments in re­sponse to feed­back. When you do so, your brain be­comes bet­ter at de­tect­ing things like “tilt­ing to­wards the right” in the sense data, in­creas­ing your abil­ity to ap­ply the right cor­rec­tion. After you have learned to iden­tify tilt­ing-a-lot-but-not-quite-fal­ling, your brain learns to back­trace to the pre­ced­ing state of tilt­ing-a-lit­tle-less, and ap­ply the right cor­rec­tion there. Once its pre­ci­sion has been honed to iden­tify that state, you can fur­ther de­tect an even sub­tler tilt, un­til you au­to­mat­i­cally ap­ply the right cor­rec­tions to keep you bal­anced.

    Essen­tially the kind of a learn­ing al­gorithm is be­ing ap­plied here. In­creased sen­sory pre­ci­sion leads to im­prove­ments in skill which al­low for in­creased sen­sory pre­ci­sion. (See also this ar­ti­cle, which goes into more de­tail about TMI as a form of de­liber­ate prac­tice.)

    Uses for mo­ments of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness

    I should again em­pha­size that the pre­ced­ing ex­pla­na­tion is only look­ing at one par­tic­u­lar med­i­ta­tion sys­tem. There are other sys­tems which work very differ­ently, but they all use or de­velop in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness to some ex­tent. For ex­am­ple:

    • In Shinzen Young’s for­mu­la­tion of “do noth­ing” prac­tice, you have just two ba­sic in­struc­tions: let what­ever hap­pens, hap­pen and when you no­tice an in­ten­tion to con­trol your at­ten­tion, drop that in­ten­tion. This trains in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness to no­tice when one is try­ing to con­trol their at­ten­tion… but it is also a very differ­ent sys­tem, since main­tain­ing an in­ten­tion to no­tice when that hap­pens would also be an at­tempt to con­trol at­ten­tion! Thus, one is in­structed to drop in­ten­tions if one spon­ta­neously no­tices them, but not to ac­tively look for them.

    • In not­ing prac­tice, you are try­ing to con­sciously name or no­tice ev­ery­thing that hap­pens in your con­scious­ness. In­tro­spec­tive aware­ness is trained to very rapidly dis­t­in­guish be­tween ev­ery­thing that hap­pens, but is not trained to main­tain at­ten­tion on any par­tic­u­lar thing.

    • In vi­su­al­iza­tion prac­tice, you might cre­ate a vi­sual image in your mind, then use in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness to ex­am­ine the men­tal ob­ject that you’ve cre­ated and com­pare it to what a real image would look like. This gives the sub­sys­tem cre­at­ing the vi­su­al­iza­tion feed­back, and helps slowly de­velop a more re­al­is­tic image.

    Go­ing back to TMI-style in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness, once you get it trained up, you can use it for var­i­ous pur­poses. In par­tic­u­lar, once you learn to main­tain it dur­ing your daily life—and not just on the med­i­ta­tion couch—it will bring up more as­sump­tions in your var­i­ous schemas and men­tal mod­els. Think of Richard pay­ing at­ten­tion to the as­sump­tions be­hind his un­wanted re­ac­tions and mak­ing them ex­plicit, but as some­thing that hap­pens on a reg­u­lar ba­sis as the re­ac­tions come up.

    Romeo Stevens de­scribed what he called “the core loop of Bud­dhism”:

    So, what is the core loop?
    It’s ba­si­cally cog­ni­tive be­hav­ioral ther­apy, su­per­charged with a men­tal state more in­tense than most phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals.
    There are two cat­e­gories of prac­tice, one for cul­ti­vat­ing the use­ful men­tal state, the other uses that men­tal state to in­ves­ti­gate the causal link­ages be­tween var­i­ous parts of your per­cep­tion (phys­i­cal sen­sa­tions, emo­tional tones, and men­tal re­ac­tions) which leads to clear­ing out of old link­ages that weren’t con­structed well.
    You have phys­i­cal sen­sa­tions in the course of life. Your ner­vous sys­tem re­acts to these sen­sa­tions with high or low valence (pos­i­tive, nega­tive, neu­tral) and arousal (sym­pa­thetic and parasym­pa­thetic ner­vous sys­tem ac­ti­va­tion), your mind re­acts to these now-emo­tion-laden sen­sa­tions with ac­tivity (men­tal image, men­tal talk) out of which you then build sto­ries to make sense of your situ­a­tion.
    The key in­sight that drives ev­ery­thing is the knowl­edge (and later, di­rect ex­pe­rience) that this sys­tem isn’t wired up effi­ciently. Im­por­tantly: I don’t mean this in a nor­ma­tive way. Like you should wire it the way I say just be­cause, but in the ‘this type of cir­cuit only needs 20 nand gates, why are there 60 and why is it shunt­ing ex­cess voltage into the anger cir­cuits over there that have noth­ing to do with this com­pu­ta­tion?’ way. Re­gard­less of pos­si­ble ar­gu­ments over an ul­ti­mately ‘cor­rect’ way to wire ev­ery­thing, there are very low hang­ing fruit in terms of im­prove­ments that will help you effec­tively pur­sue *any* other goal you set your mind to.

    Again, we saw an ex­am­ple of this with Richard. He had ex­pe­rienced his father as act­ing con­fi­dent and as caus­ing suffer­ing to Richard and oth­ers; sen­sa­tions which his mind has clas­sified as nega­tive. In or­der to avoid them, a model (story) was con­structed say­ing that con­fi­dence is hor­rible, and be­hav­iors (e.g. nega­tive self-talk) were cre­ated to avoid ap­pear­ing hor­rible.

    Now, this caused prob­lems down the line, mak­ing him mo­ti­vated to try to ap­pear more con­fi­dent… mean­ing that there was now a mechanism in his brain try­ing to pre­vent him from ap­pear­ing con­fi­dent, and an­other which con­sid­ered this a prob­lem and tried to make him more con­fi­dent, in op­po­si­tion to the first sys­tem. See what Romeo means when talk­ing about cir­cuits that only need 20 gates but are im­ple­mented us­ing 60?

    The ar­ti­cle “tune your mo­tor cor­tex” makes the fol­low­ing claims about mus­cle move­ment:

    Your mo­tor cor­tex au­to­mat­i­cally learns to ex­e­cute com­plex move­ments by putting to­gether sim­pler ones, all the way down to con­trol of in­di­vi­d­ual mus­cles.
    Be­cause the pro­cess of learn­ing hap­pens or­gan­i­cally, the re­sult­ing ar­chi­tec­ture of neu­ral con­nec­tions (you can think of them as “hid­den lay­ers” in ma­chine learn­ing terms) is not always perfectly suited to the task.
    Some lo­cal op­tima of those neu­ral con­figu­ra­tions are hard to get out of, and con­stantly re­in­forced by us­ing them.
    There is some pres­sure for mus­cle con­trol to be effi­cient, and the mo­tor cor­tex is do­ing a “good enough” job at it, but tends to stop a fair bit from perfec­tion.
    By re­peat­ing cer­tain move­ments and po­si­tions over and over again (e.g. dur­ing sit­ting work), we in­vol­un­tar­ily strengthen con­nec­tions be­tween move­ments and mus­cles that don’t make much sense lumped to­gether.
    E.g. con­trol of shoulders might be­come spu­ri­ously wired to­gether with con­trol of thighs (both are of­ten tense dur­ing sit­ting).

    There are var­i­ous men­tal mo­tions which are learned in ba­si­cally the same way as phys­i­cal mo­tions are:

    • You learn to calcu­late 12*13 by a tech­nique such as first mul­ti­ply­ing 10*13, keep­ing the re­sult in your mem­ory, calcu­lat­ing 2*13, and then adding the in­ter­me­di­ate re­sults to­gether.

    • You learn that a par­tic­u­lar mem­ory makes you feel slightly un­pleas­ant, and that flinch­ing away from any­thing that would re­mind you of it takes the pain away.

    • You learn that this also works on un­com­fortable chores, teach­ing you to keep push­ing the thought of them away.

    • You learn that your father’s be­hav­ior is painful to you, and that any con­fi­dence re­minds you of that, so you learn nega­tive self-talk which blocks you from act­ing con­fi­dent.

    • You learn that say­ing “no” to peo­ple re­minds you of be­ing pun­ished for say­ing “no” to your par­ents, but that say­ing “yes” too of­ten means that you are con­stantly fulfilling promises to other peo­ple—so you learn to avoid situ­a­tions where you would be asked any­thing.

    • You learn that there’s some­thing you can do in your mind to stop feel­ing up­set, so you start ig­nor­ing your emo­tions and any in­for­ma­tion they might have.

    • You learn that if you feel bad about not get­ting the re­spect you want, think­ing “if only I was good enough at per­sua­sion, I would get what I want” gives you a sense of con­trol—even though this pat­tern also makes you feel per­son­ally at fault when you don’t get what you want.

    • You learn that it’s re­ward­ing to pun­ish peo­ple who have wronged, so you always want to pun­ish some­one when some­thing goes wrong—even if there is no­body but re­al­ity to pun­ish.

    • You learn that it feels good to men­tally pun­ish some­one who is munch­ing too loud, but ac­tu­ally com­plain­ing about it would feel petty, and you’ve learned that pet­ti­ness is frowned upon. So you also learn to block the im­pulse to say any­thing out loud, but con­tinue to get in­creas­ingly an­gry about the sound, caus­ing an es­ca­lat­ing cir­cle of both the an­noy­ance and the block­ing ramp­ing up in in­ten­sity.

    As with phys­i­cal move­ments, these can form lo­cal op­tima that are hard to get out of. Many of them are learned in child­hood, when your un­der­stand­ing of the world is limited. But new be­hav­iors con­tinue to build on top of them, so you will even­tu­ally end up with a sys­tem which could use a lot of op­ti­miza­tion.

    If you have more in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness of the ex­act pro­cesses that are hap­pen­ing in your mind, you can make more im­plicit as­sump­tions con­scious, caus­ing your brain’s built-in con­tra­dic­tion de­tec­tor to no­tice when they con­tra­dict your later learn­ing. Also, get­ting more feed­back about what ex­actly is hap­pen­ing in your mind al­lows you to no­tice more wasted mo­tion in gen­eral.

    One par­tic­u­lar effect is that, as Un­lock­ing the Emo­tional Brain notes, the mind of­ten makes trade-offs where it causes it­self some minor suffer­ing in or­der to avoid a per­ceived greater suffer­ing. For ex­am­ple, some­one may feel guilt in or­der to mo­ti­vate them­selves, or ex­pe­rience self-doubt to avoid ap­pear­ing too con­fi­dent. By em­ploy­ing greater in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness, one may find ways to achieve their goals with­out need­ing to ex­pe­rience any suffer­ing in or­der to do so.

    Of course, Bud­dhist med­i­ta­tion is not the only way to achieve this. Var­i­ous ther­a­pies and tech­niques such as Fo­cus­ing, In­ter­nal Fam­ily Sys­tems, In­ter­nal Dou­ble Crux, and so on, are also meth­ods which use in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness to re­veal and re­fac­tor var­i­ous as­sump­tions. In­creased in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness from med­i­ta­tion tends to also boost the effec­tive­ness of re­lated tech­niques, as well as re­veal more situ­a­tions where they can be em­ployed.

    If in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness is so great, why don’t we have it nat­u­rally?

    As with any­thing, there are trade­offs in­volved. Hav­ing more in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness can help fix a lot of is­sues… but it also comes with risks, which I as­sume is the rea­son why we have not evolved to have a lot of it all the time.

    First, it’s worth not­ing that even for ex­pe­rienced med­i­ta­tors, in­tense emo­tional re­ac­tions tend to shut down in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness. If one of the func­tions of e.g. fear and anx­iety is to cause a rapid re­sponse, then ex­ces­sive amounts of in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness would slow down that re­sponse by re­duc­ing cog­ni­tive fu­sion. Many emo­tions seem to in­hibit many com­pet­ing pro­cesses from ac­cess­ing con­scious­ness, so that you can deal with the situ­a­tion at hand.

    Another con­sid­er­a­tion in­volves trau­matic mem­o­ries. In the be­gin­ning of the ar­ti­cle, I sug­gested that anx­iety is a spe­cial kind of men­tal ob­ject which ac­ti­vates par­tic­u­lar be­hav­iors. In gen­eral, differ­ent emo­tional states have spe­cific kinds of be­hav­iors and ac­tivi­ties as­so­ci­ated with them—mean­ing that if you have some mem­o­ries which are re­ally painful, they can be­come over­whelming, mak­ing it nec­es­sary to block them in or­der to carry on with your nor­mal life. Med­i­ta­tion can be helpful for work­ing through your trauma, but it can also bring it up be­fore you are ready for it, to the point of re­quiring pro­fes­sional psy­chother­apy to get through. If you are bet­ter at notic­ing all kinds of sub­tle de­tails in your mind, it also be­comes eas­ier to no­tice any­thing that would re­mind you of things you don’t want to re­mem­ber. A de­crease in in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness seems to be a com­mon trauma symp­tom, as this helps block the un­pleas­ant mem­o­ries from be­ing too eas­ily trig­gered.

    I have also heard ad­vanced med­i­ta­tors men­tion that in­creased in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness makes it difficult to push away pangs of con­science that they would oth­er­wise have ig­nored, caus­ing prac­ti­cal prob­lems. For ex­am­ple, peo­ple have said that they are no longer able to eat an­i­mal prod­ucts or tell white lies.

    On the other hand, ex­tended con­cen­tra­tion prac­tice can also make it eas­ier to block things which you would be bet­ter off not block­ing.

    So far, this ar­ti­cle has mostly fo­cused on us­ing in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness to no­tice the con­tent of your thoughts. But you can also use it to no­tice the struc­ture of the higher-level pro­cesses gen­er­at­ing your thoughts. Part of how you de­velop con­cen­tra­tion abil­ity is by main­tain­ing in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness of the fact that be­ing able to con­cen­trate on just one thing feels more pleas­ant than hav­ing your at­ten­tion jump be­tween many differ­ent things. This can give you an im­proved abil­ity to choose what you are con­cen­trat­ing on… but also to se­lec­tively ex­clude any­thing un­pleas­ant from your mind.

    For ex­am­ple, there was an oc­ca­sion when I needed to do some work, but also had in­tense anx­iety about not want­ing to; in­tense enough that it would nor­mally have made it im­pos­si­ble for me to fo­cus on it. So then I tried to work, and let my in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness ob­serve the feel­ing of head-split­ting agony from my at­ten­tion al­ter­nat­ing be­tween the work and the de­sire not to… and to also no­tice that when­ever my at­ten­tion was on the work, I felt tem­porar­ily bet­ter.

    After a while of this, the anx­iety started to get ex­cluded from my con­scious­ness, un­til it sud­denly dropped away com­pletely—as if some deeper pro­cess had judged it use­less and re­voked its ac­cess to con­scious­ness. And while this al­lowed me to do the work that I needed to, it also felt in­ter­nally vi­o­lent, and like it would be too easy to re­press any un­pleas­ant thoughts us­ing it. I still use this kind of tech­nique on oc­ca­sion when I need to con­cen­trate on some­thing, but I try to be cau­tious about it.

    The nega­tive side of be­ing able to get bet­ter feed­back about your men­tal pro­cesses, is that you can also get bet­ter feed­back on ex­actly how pleas­ant wire­head­ing feels. If you like to imag­ine pleas­ant things, you can get bet­ter and bet­ter at imag­in­ing pleas­ant things, and ex­clud­ing any wor­ries about it from your con­scious­ness. Med­i­ta­tion teacher Daniel In­gram warns:

    Strong in­sight and con­cen­tra­tion prac­tice, even when that prac­tice wasn’t ded­i­cated to the pow­ers, can make peo­ple go tem­porar­ily or per­ma­nently (or for the rest of that life­time) psy­chotic. The more the prac­tice in­volves cre­at­ing ex­pe­riences that di­verge sig­nifi­cantly from what I will crudely term “con­sen­sus re­al­ity”, and the longer one en­gages in these prac­tices, the more likely pro­longed difficul­ties are. It is of note that a sig­nifi­cant num­ber of the pri­mary prop­a­ga­tors of the Western mag­ickal tra­di­tions be­came mod­er­ately nuts to­wards the ends of their lives.
    As one Burmese man said to Ken­neth, “My brother does con­cen­tra­tion prac­tice. You know, some­times they go a lit­tle mad!” He was talk­ing about what can some­times hap­pen when peo­ple get into the pow­ers. [...]
    I re­mem­ber a let­ter from a friend who was on a long re­treat in Burma and was sup­posed to be do­ing in­sight prac­tices but had slipped into play­ing with these sorts of ex­pe­riences. He was now fas­ci­nated by his abil­ity to see spirit an­i­mals and other su­per­nor­mal be­ings and was hav­ing reg­u­lar con­ver­sa­tions with some sort of low-level god that kept tel­ling him that he was mak­ing ex­cel­lent progress in his in­sight prac­tice—that is, ex­actly what he wanted to hear. How­ever, the fact that he was hav­ing sta­ble vi­sion­ary ex­pe­riences and was buy­ing into their con­tent made it abun­dantly clear that he wasn’t do­ing in­sight prac­tices at all, but was lost in and be­ing fooled by these.

    Now, it should be pointed out that “be­ing able to ex­clude any­thing un­pleas­ant from your con­scious­ness” is only go­ing to be a worry for ad­vanced prac­ti­tion­ers who spend a lot of time on the kind of prac­tice that in­clines you to­wards these kinds of risks. Be­fore you get to the point of some­thing like this be­ing a risk, you will get to re­solve a lot of in­ter­nal con­flicts and old is­sues first.

    Here is Cu­ladasa, the au­thor of The Mind Illu­mi­nated, be­ing in­ter­viewed about this kind of a “first you re­solve a lot of is­sues, but then you can get the abil­ity to push down the rest” dy­namic:

    Michael Taft: … and you’re us­ing the med­i­ta­tion prac­tice to help work with your stuff. But what about the other case that we both know of where peo­ple have reached very high lev­els of med­i­ta­tive ca­pac­ity, they’ve got a lot of in­sight, maybe they’re at some level of awak­en­ing, and they seem to have, in a way, missed a whole pocket of ma­te­rial, or sev­eral pock­ets of ma­te­rial. It’s like they think they’re do­ing fine, but maybe ev­ery­one around them is aware that they’ve got these be­hav­ior pat­terns that do not seem awake at all. And yet the med­i­ta­tion has some­how missed that.
    Cu­ladasa: Yes, yes. [...] … there seems to be a cer­tain level of the stuff that we’re talk­ing about that it’s nec­es­sary to deal with to achieve awak­en­ing, but it’s sort of a min­i­mal level. [...] What I think that is in­dica­tive of is that if that hasn’t been suffi­ciently dealt with ear­lier, it has to get dealt with in one way or an­other at that point. That doesn’t nec­es­sar­ily mean that it’s go­ing to get re­solved; it may just get re­buried a lit­tle more deeply.
    Michael Taft: Pushed out of the way.
    Cu­ladasa: Yeah, pushed out of the way, or by­passed in some way. That al­lows a per­son to go ahead and [progress] and it’s un­re­al­is­tic to think that ev­ery­thing has been re­solved. [...] a lot of the things that change [...] ac­tu­ally help to push these things aside, to by­pass them in one way or an­other, whereas be­fore some­body has [made as much progress] these would have been suffi­ciently prob­le­matic in their life that, in one way or an­other, they would be aware of them, whether or not they did any­thing about them or were at a place of just tak­ing for granted that I have these, quote, “per­son­al­ity char­ac­ter­is­tics” that are a bit difficult.

    I used to be very en­thu­si­as­tic about TMI’s med­i­ta­tion sys­tem. I still con­sider it im­por­tant and use­ful to make progress on, but am slightly more guarded af­ter some of my own ex­pe­riences, hear­ing about the ex­pe­rience of a friend who reached a high level in it, read­ing some cri­tiques of its ten­dency to em­pha­size aware­ness of pos­i­tive ex­pe­riences [1 2], and con­sid­er­ing both the in­ter­view quoted above and Cu­ladasa’s sub­se­quent ac­tions. (That said, the fo­cus on pos­i­tive ex­pe­riences can be a use­ful coun­ter­bal­ance for peo­ple who start off with an over­all nega­tive stance to­wards life.)

    I con­tinue to prac­tice it, and would gen­er­ally find it safe un­til you get to around the sixth or so of its ten stages, at which point I would sug­gest start­ing to ex­er­cise some cau­tion. Off the couch, I mostly don’t do much con­cen­tra­tion prac­tice (ex­cept in a con­text where I would need to con­cen­trate any­way). Rather I try to fo­cus my in­tro­spec­tive aware­ness to­wards just ob­serv­ing my mind with­out ac­tively in­terfer­ing with it, In­ter­nal Fam­ily Sys­tems -style prac­tice, and other ac­tivi­ties that do not seem to risk ex­clud­ing too much un­pleas­ant ma­te­rial.

    Fi­nally, de­vel­op­ing too much aware­ness into your mind may cause you to start notic­ing con­tra­dic­tions be­tween how you thought it worked, and how it ac­tu­ally works. I sus­pect that a part of how our brains have evolved to op­er­ate, re­lies on those differ­ences go­ing un­no­ticed. This gets us to the topic of en­light­en­ment, which I have not yet dis­cussed, but will do in my next post.

    Thanks to Maija Haav­isto, Lumi Pakka­nen and Romeo Stevens for com­ments on an ear­lier draft.


              

    Why The Pentagon’s Secret Plan To Use Cats In the al-Baghdadi Raid Failed.

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    By Tom Demerly for tomdemerly.com The failure of a classified plan to use a team of specially trained military cats instead of dogs during the classified raid on ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s compound last week has been revealed. In a social media post copied on Twitter by a reporter from a blog published on Reddit …

    Read More


              

    How Attorneys Won Federal Jury Verdict for Bicyclist Traveling Against Traffic

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    A federal jury in Boston has awarded $150,000 to Connecticut resident Leslie Freeman, who was...

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    2 Connecticut Attorneys Disciplined, 1 Placed on Inactive Status

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    Connecticut's Office of Chief Disciplinary Counsel issued its latest report on attorney discipline....

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    2nd Circuit Overturns Conviction of Man Who Traveled Across State Lines for Sex With Teen

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    "Murphy did not understand the nature of the crime with which he was charged," Judge Denny Chin...

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    New Lawsuit Alleges Illegal 'Shadow' Ukraine Diplomacy at Trump's Direction

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    "State Department officials charged with carrying out our foreign policy should not be left in the...

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    Doubt About Plaintiff's Massage Therapy Leads to Defense Verdict in Torrington

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    Plaintiff Krystal Decker's attorneys sought $860,000 for her at trial, but ended up getting $35,255.

          

              

    Majority of UK public back 2030 zero-carbon target – poll. Nearly half of Tory voters back plan, compared with 16% who back party’s 2050 target.

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    Lib Dems agree ‘Remain alliance’ with Greens and Plaid Cymru

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    Labour unveil huge £150bn fund based in north to fix Tories' 'human emergency'

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    MEGATHREAD 07/11/19 - Put Your Helmet On

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    REMINDER: new rules have been implemented on the subreddit until 15th December 2019. This post as a reddit-stream MOOD MUSIC SUMMARY

    Yesterday marked the official start of the election period - Parliament is dissolved, there are no more MPs and, for an added twist, u/ukpolbot went rogue and tried to turn the clock back to the halcyon days when debates were held in the Commons, we had a moving NOW >>> marker and an order paper by which to organise our lives.

    Alas, no more.

    The Conservatives launched their campaign with the familiar promise to "Get Brexit Done". Boris Johnson said: "I don't want an early election... but we've got to the stage where we have no choice, because our Parliament is paralysed.". However, it could be argued that the launch was overshadowed by some poor PR management over recent days - compounded by the announcement that Welsh Minister Alun Cairns would resign his position over claims he knew about a former aide's role in the "sabotage" of a rape trial.

    The Green Party also launched their election campaign, calling for £100bn to be spent each year on the climate emergency. Sian Berry, the co-leader of the party, said "Some things are even bigger than Brexit. This must be the climate election. The future won't get another chance.".

    By the end of the day, the biggest news was that Tom Watson, the deputy leader of Labour, would not stand at the coming election. Citing personal, rather than political, reasons, he said that he will continue to continue to campaign for Labour, specifically in the areas of gambling regulation, stopping press intrusion and campaigns on public health.

    Today, parties are expected to focus on their economic policies, with speeches expected from both Sajid Javid and John McDonnell later on.

    Manifesto launches are not expected for another week at the earliest (and possibly not until later in November) - in the meantime, everyone will be on the lookout for media gaffes, polling results and empty chairs. If Wednesday is anything to go by, it's going to be a long, brutal campaign.

    Today's megathread is being maintained primarily by /u/jaydenkieran and /u/carrot-carrot.

    ELECTION DETAILS

    There will be a General Election on 12th December 2019. If you are not registered to vote, you can register online by clicking here. To register to vote, you should be aged 16 or over (or 14 or over in Scotland), and a UK citizen (or an Irish, EU, or Commonwealth citizen with a permanent UK address). NOTE: While you can register to vote at 16, you must be 18 or over to vote in the election.

    Registering to vote takes only a few minutes, and is essential if you want to make your voice heard, regardless of which party you support.

    DEADLINES

    These are the deadlines for voting in this election:

    Date Deadline
    5pm, 21st Nov Postal and proxy vote registration (N. Ireland)
    Midnight, 26th Nov Voter registration
    5pm, 26th Nov Postal vote registration (England, Scotland, and Wales)
    5pm, 4th Dec Proxy vote application
    12th Dec Emergency proxy vote application
    META NOTICES DEVELOPMENTS

    Context added for non-UK visitors. All times GMT (UK) unless otherwise stated. If anything is missing here, ping /u/jaydenkieran or /u/carrot-carrot.

    PREVIOUSLY ON UKPOL:

    • Sky News' Kay Burley empty-chaired Tory chairman James Cleverly this morning after he didn't turn up to a scheduled interview. Cleverly later responded on Twitter, stating that he was doing a radio interview with Julia Hartley-Brewer on talkRADIO and "cannot be in two studios at the same time".
    • At a speech in Telford, Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn criticised Jacob Rees-Mogg's comments about Grenfell, saying "I’ll tell you what’s common sense: Don’t put flammable cladding on people’s homes. That’s common sense. Don’t close fire stations and don't cut fire fighters. That’s common sense."
    • Activist group Extinction Rebellion won a High Court challenge against the Metropolitan Police who imposed a London-wide ban on the group's protests last month.
    • At a press event, former Speaker John Bercow expressed his view on Brexit, stating "Brexit is the biggest mistake of this country after the war.".
    • The Labour Party's National Executive Committee banned Chris Williamson, Stephen Hepburn, and Roger Godsiff from standing in the election as Labour candidates. Williamson was suspended because of an antisemitism row, Hepburn was being investigated for a sexual harassment claim, and Godsiff was facing reselection in his constituency.
    • The Lib Dems will stand down their candidate in Beaconsfield to try and boost the chances that former Conservative MP Dominic Grieve (who is pro-Remain) is re-elected to Parliament.

    TODAY:

    • Ian Austin, the former Labour MP who quit the party after 34 years and became an Independent in February 2019, said in an interview on Radio 4 that Jeremy Corbyn is "completely unfit to lead our country".

    • An Election Pact between the Liberal Democrats, Greens and Plaid Cymru has been formed. They will not stand against each other in dozens of seats - further details are expected later today.

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    Ex-Labour Ian Austin says he won't run in Dudley. Tells @BBCr4today he will now "tell decent traditional patriotic Labour voters that they should vote for Boris Johnson in this election".

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    Labour plans to shift power and investment north

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    Allegations that Buckingham Palace put "lots of pressure to kill Jeffrey Epstein pedo story" over 3 years ago

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    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lfwkTsJGYA

    Specific accusation is made around the 3:40 mark. Obviously, people have mentioned Prince Andrew but could it include others? Will this have any political implications for the royal family? How are these revelations being treated by the general public?

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    Древности: вестник тлена или незапланированное устаревание

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    В конце 2017 года компания Apple признала, что снижает производительность старых iPhone, чтобы компенсировать деградацию батареи. Хотя такая практика позже была прекращена, этот инцидент вновь поднял тему запланированного устаревания, когда производители товаров намеренно ограничивают срок жизни устройств, мотивируя потребителя «пересаживаться» на новую модель. Ни из-за новых фич, а просто потому, что старое, абсолютно рабочее устройство, уже не может ни во что. Если честно, я не сторонник конспирологических теорий вокруг данного феномена. Чтобы в большой компании что-то запланировать, нужно проделать большую работу, о которой будут знать много людей, и потенциальная прибыль от такого коварного плана будет несопоставима с репутационными потерями. Нестарые еще смартфоны, лаптопы, настольные ПК, софт превращаются в тыкву просто так, потому что так сложились обстоятельства.



    Я коллекционирую старые устройства, но почти не пользуюсь ими для работы, поэтому к мертвым магазинам софта, просроченным доменам жизненно важных сервисов, битым ссылкам на прошивки и прочим прелестям жизни музейного работника отношусь философски: сам того захотел. Но все-таки… На Реддите есть сообщество покупателей вещей «на всю жизнь», так, чтобы служили как можно дольше. Там обсуждают кухонную посуду, расчески, ботинки, газонокосилки, бойлеры, гантели и аудиотехнику. Но компьютеры обсуждают редко, и по понятным причинам. Возможно ли создать компьютерную технику по современным технологиям, со сроком жизни в десятки лет? Я на этот вопрос по мере возможности попробую ответить в конце поста, а вообще хочу рассказать про то, как деградируют современные устройства со временем. Например, электронные часы, смартфоны и компьютеры разных лет.
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    Giuliani associates pursued Florida medical marijuana license. Is industry vulnerable? (Tampa Bay Times)

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    In October 2016, RUDOLF WILLIAM LOUIS GIULIANI spoke to adoring crowds of misguided Americans, supporting DONALD JOHN TRUMP at our St. Augustine Amphitheater.  Alert Amphitheater Manager Ryan Murphy made sure they paid in advance by wire transfer. TRUMP has stiffed thousands of vendors as a corrupt businessman with five bankruptcies, as well as refusing to pay more than a dozen venues for rental and security.

    Now we learn that several of RUDOLF GIULIANI's Soviet-born associates, LEV PARNAS and IGOR FRUMAN, under indictment in federal court in New York, were hustling to get medical marijuana licenses here in Flori-DUH. Mr. GIULIANI, you have the right to remain silent, but we wish you wouldn't. GIULINI's father served time in prison for armed robbery of a milkman. The apple does not fall far from the tree.





    Giuliani associates pursued Florida medical marijuana license. Is industry vulnerable?

    The state business has 277,000 patients and counting.


              

    Warm and humid with some rain today, cold front moves through tonight

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    First freeze of the season north of the lake possible next week
            

              

    Diablo 3: Diablo 4: Leak zu Klassen, Reittieren & Lilith

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    Ein bekannter User auf Reddit, welcher bereits mehrere Leaks veröffentlicht hat, gibt nun weitere Details zu Diablo 4 bekannt.
              

    0022117: Raptor stealth damage multiplier for 9s after exiting a wormhole does not work

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    <a href="https://www.reddit.com/r/AIwar/comments/dsmh6f/ai_war_2_raptor_stealth_damage_multiplier/">https://www.reddit.com/r/AIwar/comments/dsmh6f/ai_war_2_raptor_stealth_damage_multiplier/</a><br /> <br /> I have only managed to trigger the damage multiplier once (see link above). In general, it seems very difficult to trigger, and I have no idea why. Thought it might not take the puase function into consideration when counting out the 9 second window, so tested for that as well. Makes no difference.<br /> <br /> I used one of the stealth fleet quickstarts from the "Moderate" section for testing. These scenarios are unfortunately rather un-appealing if Raptors don't work as intended.<br /> <br /> Could the bug be related to how planets are simulated if you don't have a planet focused in the UI? This might cause the ambush timer to not register properly.<br /> <br /> Side note: It would be very useful for players to be able to see the ambush timer, including how much time remains. Additionally, it might be worth considering a visual component on shots fired with the damage multiplier active. Could be as simple as alternating the colour for the shots that are normally bright blue for Raptors. It would make it much easier to manage Raptors in a mixed fleet setting.
              

    Monthly gleanings for October 2019

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    I received a question about the origin of French adieu and its close analogs in the other Romance languages. This question is easy to answer. The word goes back to the phrase à Dieu “to God,” which is the beginning of the longer locution à Dieu commande, that is, “I commend (you) to God” or, if we remain with French, “je recommande à Dieu.” The European parting formulas are of rather few types.

    The post Monthly gleanings for October 2019 appeared first on OUPblog.


              

    Sport Love posted a blog post

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    Sport Love posted a blog post

    MONDAY NIGHT FOOTBALL

    https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/mnfstreamsmonday-night-football-live-nfl-4-nov-2019--138030623/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/nfl-mnf-monday-night-football-live-stream-reddit-free-138030656/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/freewatch-cowboys-vs-giants-live-stream-reddit-mnf-game-138030668/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/mfmonday-night-football-cowboys-vs-giants-live-stream-reddit-138030689/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/mnffreedallas-cowboys-vs-new-york-giants-live-stream-138030750/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/mnfstreams-cowboys-vs-giants-live-monday-night-football--138030836/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/nfl-mnf-cowboys-vs-giants-live-monday-football-reddit-free-138030905/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/mnf-nfl-cowboys-vs-giants-live-monday-night-football-reddit-138030952/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/monday-night-football-cowboys-vs-giants-live-stream-reddit-138031003/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/freedallas-cowboys-vs-new-york-giants-live-stream-mnf-reddit-138031089/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/how-to-watch-cowboys-vs-giants-tv-channel-mnf-live--138031139/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/cowboys-vs-giants-live-stream-watch-monday-night-football-138031186/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/livestream-cowboys-vs-giants-live-nfl-mnf-week-9-dal-vs-nyg-138031268/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/espntvwatch-monday-night-football-live-stream-reddit-138031340/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/espntvwatch-cowboys-vs-giants-live-stream-mnf-reddit-138031366/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/watchespntv-cowboys-vs-giants-live-stream-reddit-free-mnf-138031437/See More

              

    Sport Love posted a blog post

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    Sport Love posted a blog post

    SUNDAY NIGHT FOOTBALL

    https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/baltimore-ravens-new-england-patriots-live-now-137973544/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/watch-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-free-reddit-11319-137974337/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/footballtvpatriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-free-on-tv-137974559/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/redditstreamsravens-vs-patriots-live-stream-nfl-football-137974635/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/redditstreamspatriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-nfl-football-137974815/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-sunday-night-football-online-tv-137975043/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/espntvwatch-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-reddit-2019-snf-137975157/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/reddit-game-stream-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-sunday-nfl-tv-137975326/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/freewatch-new-england-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-reddit-137975424/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/livepatriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-nfl-sunday-11319-137975498/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/freewatch-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-reddit-sunday-nfl--137975692/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/redditstreamspatriots-vs-ravens-live-nfl-sunday-game-free-137975832/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/redditstreamsravens-vs-patriots-live-nfl-sunday-game-free-137975904/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/officialredditpatriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-nfl-football-137975966/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/officialstream-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-snf-game-today-137976102/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/officialstream-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-nfl-football-137976110/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/reddit-streams-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-nfl-snf-11319-137976295/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/snf-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-sunday-night-football-game-137976499/https://247sports.com/college/oklahoma-state/board/103596/contents/nfl-patriots-vs-ravens-live-stream-sunday-night-football-game-137976504/See More

              

    Bong Joon-ho; Bu Yıl En Çok Beğendiği Filmler, Favori Yönetmenleri ve Parasite Hakkında Açıklamalarda Bulundu

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    Reddit kullanıcılarının sorularını yanıtlayan Bong Joon-ho, beğeniyle karşılanan son filmi Parasite, favori yönetmenleri ve bu yıl en çok hangi filmleri beğendiği gibi birçok konuda görüşlerini paylaştı. Yakın dönem Güney Kore sinemasının önemli yönetmenlerinden biri olan Bong Joon-ho, Memories of Murder, The Host, Snowpiercer gibi sevilen yapımlara imza attıktan sonra, bu yıl yeni filmi Parasite ile adından […]

    The post Bong Joon-ho; Bu Yıl En Çok Beğendiği Filmler, Favori Yönetmenleri ve Parasite Hakkında Açıklamalarda Bulundu appeared first on Filmloverss.


              

    ((NლRლZ)) https://lionsvs.com/bears-reddit/

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    Коллективная диагностика половых инфекций в интернете получила огромную популярность

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    Исследователи из Калифорнийского университета в Сан-Диего подробно изучили новый популярный вид диагностики ЗППП (заболеваний, передающихся половым путем) – «крауддиагностику», или обращение к «коллективному разуму» незнакомых людей в социальных сетях. Результаты исследования опубликованы в JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association).

    «Мы наблюдаем значительное увеличение числа пациентов в наших клиниках по лечению ЗППП. Но по статистике мы должны видеть больше. Стыд или отсутствие доступа означает, что многие упускают возможность получить профессиональную помощь, спасающую жизнь», – рассказал соавтор исследования Дэйви Смит (Davey Smith).

    «Общественность полагается на доктора Google во всех своих проблемах со здоровьем. Но людям также нужно чувство связи! Причина, по которой сайты социальных сетей так популярны, заключается в том, что они предлагают реальное взаимодействие с реальными людьми. По тем же причинам некоторые могут захотеть обратиться за медицинской помощью к социальным сетям», – пояснила Алисия Ноблс (Alicia Nobles), ведущий автор исследования.

    Проблемы со здоровьем обсуждаются во многих социальных сетях, включая Facebook и Twitter. Данное исследование выбрало своим объектом соцсеть Reddit – медицинское сообщество Reddit STD (r/STD), где пользователи могут найти «все, связанное с ЗППП». Ученые провели мониторинг всех сообщений r/STD с момента его создания в ноябре 2010 года по февраль 2019 года (причем популярность группы быстро растет, с ноября 2018 количество сообщений удвоилось).

    Авторы обнаружили, что 58% сообщений были явно обращены к коллективному разуму для постановки диагноза, а 31% людей, заинтересованных в диагностике, просто описывали симптоматику. Многие запросы на диагностику сопровождаются иллюстрациями. Уровень отклика был поразительным – 87% всех запросов получили один или несколько ответов. Среднее время первого ответа составляло 3 часа, при этом некоторые сообщения получали ответ менее чем за 1 минуту.

    Такая диагностика становится популярной, поскольку посторонние люди очень хотят попытаться помочь. Ответы на 79% запрошенных диагнозов были даны менее чем за день.

    «Попробуйте узнать мнение врача за это время. Но быстро не значит точно», – отметил Джон Эйерс (John Ayers), один из руководителей исследования.

    Также было выявлено, что 20% людей интересуются у коллективного разума альтернативным мнением после диагностированного врачом ЗППП и назначенного лечения.

    «Однажды пациенту диагностировали ВИЧ, но он обратился к «крауддиагностике», чтобы убедиться во врачебной ошибке. Люди, сталкивающиеся с изменяющей жизнь информацией, часто хотят обмануть себя, а в некоторых случаях они находят ее в социальных сетях», – рассказал Эйерс.

    Кроме того, рекомендуемые в соцсетях виды лечения часто идут вразрез с назначениями врача. Например, популярным способом излечения всех и вся является яблочный уксус.

    Исследователи акцентировали внимание, что, несмотря на такие преимущества, как анонимность, быстрота ответов и наличие множества мнений, многие диагнозы «коллективного разума» абсолютно неточны. Ошибочный диагноз может привести к дальнейшему распространению заболевания, а также иметь волновой эффект для миллионов людей, занимающихся самодиагностикой и обнаруживающих у себя сходные состояния. Даже если бы пользователи были подготовленными экспертами, социальные сети не предназначены для оказания медицинской помощи из-за невозможности обеспечения безопасного и эффективного лечения.

              

    Monthly gleanings for October 2019

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    I received a question about the origin of French adieu and its close analogs in the other Romance languages. This question is easy to answer. The word goes back to the phrase à Dieu “to God,” which is the beginning of the longer locution à Dieu commande, that is, “I commend (you) to God” or, if we remain with French, “je recommande à Dieu.” The European parting formulas are of rather few types.

    The post Monthly gleanings for October 2019 appeared first on OUPblog.


              

    GENERALI, NEI PRIMI 9 MESI L’UTILE NETTO SALE A 2,1 MILIARDI

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    MOGLIANO VENETO (TREVISO) (ITALPRESS) – Il Consiglio di Amministrazione di Assicurazioni Generali ha approvato le Informazioni Finanziarie al 30 settembre 2019. Il risultato operativo si attesta a 3.934 milioni di euro, evidenziando un aumento del 9,1%, grazie al positivo contributo di tutti i segmenti di operativita' del Gruppo. L'utile netto di Gruppo si attesta a 2.163 milioni, con una crescita del 16,6%. La redditivita' a conto economico degli investimenti si attesta al 2,4% (2,2% nei primo 9 mesi del 2018), in lieve aumento principalmente grazie a un maggior contributo da attivita' valutate al fair value a conto economico. "Generali ha conseguito ottimi risultati nei primi nove mesi dell'anno, grazie alla crescita di tutte le linee di business. Si confermano le performance tecniche, in particolare nel Danni con un eccellente combined ratio e un'ulteriore crescita dei premi, e nel Vita grazie a una solida redditivita' della nuova produzione e a una raccolta netta in crescita. In un contesto caratterizzato dal perdurare dei bassi tassi di interesse, rimane solida la posizione di capitale del Gruppo", commeta il Group CFO di Generali, Cristiano Borean. (ITALPRESS). sat/com 07-Nov-19 10:46

    L'articolo GENERALI, NEI PRIMI 9 MESI L’UTILE NETTO SALE A 2,1 MILIARDI proviene da La Discussione.


              

    Information Security Manager

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    MID-Dudley, Information Security Manager West Midlands - Commutable from Dudley, Wolverhampton, Redditch and surrounding areas. to c£65k neg dep exp + ben Our client specialises in the provision of a range of office technology products and services including Document Management, Network Support, Cloud Services and Managed Print solutions to an impressive and diverse range of both public and private sector cus
              

    Appartamento in Vendita Moncalieri - Zona: Piazza Bengasi

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    Al confine tra Torino e Moncalieri, non lontano da piazza Bengasi e dalla stazione della Metropolitana, proponiamo in vendita l'intero piano rialzato, totalmente da ristrutturare. L'immobile in vendita si trova all'interno di una palazzina residenziale degli anni '60 ed e' attualmente accatastato come ufficio ma si presta a diverse possibilita' di utilizzo. Si tratta di un open space in cui sono state smontate le pareti mobili di divisione, per lasciare circa 250 mq interrotti solo dai pilastri della casa. Operazione ideale, con ottimo prezzo, per chi volesse investire e creare piccole unita' da reddito, soprattutto per la vicinanza a piazza Bengasi e alla Metropolitana.
              

    Ufficio in Vendita Moncalieri - Zona: Borgo San Pietro

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    Al confine tra Torino e Moncalieri, non lontano da piazza Bengasi e dalla stazione della Metropolitana, proponiamo in vendita l'intero piano rialzato, totalmente da ristrutturare. L'immobile in vendita si trova all'interno di una palazzina residenziale degli anni '60 ed e' attualmente accatastato come ufficio ma si presta a diverse possibilita' di utilizzo. Si tratta di un open space in cui sono state smontate le pareti mobili di divisione per lasciare circa 250 mq interrotti solo dai pilastri della casa. Operazione ideale, con ottimo prezzo, per chi volesse investire e creare piccole unita' da reddito, soprattutto per la vicinanza a piazza Bengasi e alla Metropolitana.
              

    A Robinhood Exploit Let Redditors Bet Infinite Money on the Stock Market

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    This ONE illegal trick let redditors blow their savings in minutes!
              

    'The finish line is just the beginning' | Brothers compete in endurance sports to empower those with disabilities

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    "Can people in wheelchairs compete in Ironman?"
            

              

    NFL playoff picture: Here's who is in if it started today

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    At the halfway point of the season, here's a look at who's in and who's out, and some of the intriguing trends to watch in the second half.
            

              

    7’s Hero: Kuna High School football player signs the national anthem at a home game, and the video goes viral

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    Kuna High Senior Jonathan Edwards had no idea his American Sign Language rendition of the anthem would inspire millions of people around the world.
            

              

    'Body built by Taco Bell': NFL player's own intro is like hot salsa

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    And Taco Bell responded.
            

              

    DCTF's Whataburger Super Team

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    Vote Permian Basin players for DCTF's Whataburger Super Team
            

              

    Tokyo gives in: Olympic marathons will head north

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    The IOC feared Tokyo's summer heat could produce images like those seen last month from Qatar - where dozens of marathon runners collapsed on the course.
            

              

    West Texas Lacrosse holds free clinic

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    The West Texas Lacrosse non-profit gave out free gear and invited Texas tech lacrosse players to teach kids from elementary to high school.
            

              

    Washington rallies 6-2 over Houston to win first World Series since DC move

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    The Nationals beat the Astros in Game 7 to bring the first baseball championship to Washington since the Senators won the World Series in 1924.
            

              

    WTX Indoor Football signs first player

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    The West Texas Indoor Football team has signed Midland High alum in left guard C.J. Carrillo.
            

              

    What could go wrong? Redmond researchers release a blabbering bot trained on Reddit chats

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    'Crowd Diagnosis' of STDs on Reddit

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    'Crowd Diagnosis' of STDs Popular but Often Unreliable
              

    Catania: sequestrati 4 kg di cocaina. arrestati i 2 corrieri che percepivano il reddito di cittadinanza

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    I finanzieri hanno tratto in arresto 2 corrieri che trasportavano, a bordo di un’auto a noleggio, oltre 4 kg. di cocaina. L’operazione, all’uscita della Tangenziale di Catania (San Giovanni Galermo), è stata portata a termine dai militari del Gruppo Operativo Antidroga (G.O.A.) del G.I.C.O. del Nucleo...
              

    «У них длинные руки, и они найдут меня»

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    Краткое содержание

    От моей жизни ничего не осталось. Я не могу вернуться. Да и здесь [в центральной России] небезопасно. У них длинные руки, и они найдут меня и других найдут, где бы мы ни были в России, только дайте им время.

    «Магомед», пострадавший во время облав на геев в Чечне, в настоящее время скрывается за пределами республики.

    В конце февраля 2017 г. чеченские силовики развернули в республике настоящую охоту на геев. Они задерживали мужчин по подозрению в гомосексуальной ориентации, держали их в незаконных местах содержания под стражей, издевались над ними, морили голодом и пытали. Многих возвращали семье едва живыми после побоев. Силовики разглашали родственникам сексуальную ориентацию задержанных и недвусмысленно намекали на то, что только убийство может спасти честь семьи. Глава Чеченской Республики Рамзан Кадыров утверждает, что никаких облав не было, однако приводимая в этом докладе информация свидетельствует о том, что они были санкционированы республиканским руководством. Федеральный центр обозначил намерение разобраться в ситуации, однако пострадавшим будет нелегко решиться вынести свои проблемы в публичное поле из-за более чем реального риска преследований со стороны местных властей и убийств чести со стороны родственников, а также устойчивой стигматизации и страха навредить семье.

    В докладе задокументирована облава на геев в Чечне и реакция на ситуацию со стороны республиканских и федеральных властей. Доклад основан на интервью с мужчинами, которых силовики удерживали в незаконных местах содержания под стражей, с журналистами, которые документировали облавы, и с представителями российской организации за права ЛГБТ, которая помогает пострадавшим и документирует их истории.

    После относительного затишья в середине марта повальные незаконные задержания предполагаемых геев возобновились и продолжались по меньшей мере до конца первой недели апреля 2017 г. Как представляется, пострадало более ста человек. Забрав человека, подозреваемого в гомосексуальной ориентации, силовики изучали данные в его телефоне для установления других предполагаемых геев и выбивали информацию о предполагаемых геях под пытками. Таким образом процесс развивался по цепочке, и число жертв росло. Есть основания полагать, что несколько человек в результате этой операции против геев лишились жизни.

    На момент подготовки этого доклада о новых случаях незаконных задержаний не сообщалось, однако нескольких задержанных, насколько известно, еще не отпустили. Многие бывшие задержанные уехали из Чечни, но в России они не застрахованы от того, что их могут выследить – с соответствующими последствиями – как чеченские силовики, так и их родственники. Некоторые геи и бисексуалы предпочли заранее уехать из республики, опасаясь, что информация о них может быть обнародована в телефонах задержанных или будет получена под пытками.

    Задержания предполагаемых геев и содержание их под стражей силовиками осуществлялись вне правового поля. Задержанных держали в нескольких незаконных местах содержания под стражей, которые существуют в Чечне для «обработки» лиц, подозреваемых в инакомыслии или нелояльности. Те, кого мы интервьюировали для этого доклада, прошли через такие «тюрьмы» в Грозном и Аргуне. Они утверждают, что местные официальные лица, включая двух высокопоставленных, бывали в этих незаконных местах содержания под стражей и глумились над задержанными.

    В консервативном чеченском обществе, где сильны позиции ислама, гомофобия ярко выражена и широко распространена, а наличие в семье человека гомосексуальной ориентации считается позором. Чтобы «смыть пятно» и восстановить честь семьи, в республике практикуются «убийства чести». Хьюман Райтс Вотч в последние годы сталкивалась со случаями «убийств чести» или угроз таким убийством, в том числе в отношении женщин и девушек, чье поведение рассматривалось как безнравственное, а также в отношении тех членов семьи, которые являются лесбиянками, геями, бисексуалами или трансгендерами (ЛГБТ). Руководители республики, включая самого Рамзана Кадырова, неоднократно одобрительно отзывались о практике «убийств чести».

    При всем этом облаву на геев в 2017 г. трудно объяснить одной лишь глубоко укоренившейся в чеченском обществе гомофобией. Скорее, причина состоит в той позиции, которую заняли местные власти. Чеченские силовики долгое время практиковали незаконные задержания предполагаемых геев, чтобы вымогать у них деньги под угрозой огласки, однако никогда прежде это не достигало такого уровня повальных облав и массовых пыток, как в 2017 году.

    За более чем десятилетнее пребывание во главе Чечни Рамзан Кадыров постепенно выстроил в республике режим личной тирании, безжалостно искореняя малейшие проявления несогласия. При этом федеральный центр предоставлял Кадырову практически полную свободу в том, что касается нарушений прав человека и репрессий. В отношении «нежелательных элементов», в число которых попадает множество жителей республики от предполагаемых участников исламистского вооруженного подполья и их родни до тех, чья лояльность просто вызывает сомнение, подконтрольные Кадырову республиканские силовики практикуют незаконные задержания, пытки, коллективное наказание, публичное унижение и другие «меры воздействия». Весной 2017 г. приоритетными «нежелательными» оказались мужчины, подозреваемые в гомосексуальной ориентации.

    Облавы на геев в Чечне получили широкий резонанс, однако республиканские власти заняли позицию тотального, хотя и не всегда последовательного, отрицания, утверждая, что геев в чеченском обществе нет, прозрачно намекая, что с геями могут расправляться их собственные родственники, и обвиняя тех, кто пытается документировать проблему или привлекать к ней внимание, в попытках раскачать ситуацию. В адрес независимой российской «Новой газеты», которая первой вынесла вопрос об облавах на геев в публичную плоскость 1 апреля 2017 г. и опубликовала ряд материалов в развитие темы, неоднократно звучали публичные серьезные угрозы со стороны высокопоставленных чиновников, духовенства и лидеров общественного мнения Чечни.

    Федеральный центр поначалу пытался отмахнуться от сообщений о массовых нарушениях, однако по мере нарастания международного скандала несколько федеральных ведомств начали проверки. 5 мая президент Владимир Путин сказал, что обсудит проблему с генеральным прокурором и министром внутренних дел. После этого Рамзан Кадыров заявил о «готовности к сотрудничеству» с федеральными расследованиями, но при этом продолжил отрицать само существование геев в Чечне.

    Представляется, что федеральные чиновники не в полной мере признают остроту и обоснованность опасений пострадавших, которые боятся официально заявлять о нарушениях. В такой ситуации нельзя исключать, что при отсутствии формальных обращений федеральный центр снимет вопрос с повестки дня и расследование сойдет на нет.

    Ведущая российская группа за права ЛГБТ «Российская ЛГБТ-сеть» открыла специальную горячую линию для срочной помощи тем, кому угрожает непосредственная опасность. По состоянию на середину мая она помогла около 40 жителям Чечни, организовав их безопасное размещение в центральной России и/или оказывая помощь в обеспечении первоочередных нужд. Пострадавшим также было организовано лечение, поскольку многие получили травмы в результате пыток и недозволенного обращения и все без исключения пережили, как представляется, сильнейший стресс.

    Попавшие под облавы на геев в Чечне не могут чувствовать себя в безопасности даже в других российских регионах. Они подвергаются высокому риску того, что их могут выследить чеченские власти или их собственные родственники. Реальная опасность подвергнуться угрозам, притеснениям и мести также угрожает родственникам тех, кто может решиться заявить о нарушениях, и тем семьям, которые будут сопротивляться давлению со стороны республиканских властей.

    Проводимые на федеральном уровне проверки и расследования похищений, пыток и издевательств в Чечне в отношении мужчин, подозреваемых в гомосексуальной ориентации, должны быть тщательными и должны обеспечивать выход на привлечение виновных к ответственности. Власти также должны уделить особое внимание защите пострадавших, свидетелей и их родственников.

    Зарубежные государства должны сделать все возможное для обеспечения безопасного убежища пострадавшим от облавы на геев в Чечне, жизни и здоровью которых угрожает прямая опасность, пока они остаются в России. Как отметил в интервью Хьюман Райтс Вотч один из таких людей – «Магомед»: «У них длинные руки, и они меня найдут и других найдут, где бы мы ни были в России, только дайте время».

    Рекомендации

    Президенту и Правительству Российской Федерации

    • Публично и самым решительным образом осудить облаву на геев, организованную силовиками в Чечне весной 2017 г.
    • Обеспечить тщательное и беспристрастное расследование заявлений о насилии в отношении геев в Чечне.
    • Обеспечить реальную анонимность и другие меры по защите пострадавших от облавы на геев в Чечне, их родственников и свидетелей нарушений, с тем чтобы они могли участвовать в расследованиях. Это включает и возможность давать показания дистанционно.
    • Обеспечить полное соблюдение властями Чеченской Республики, включая силовые структуры, внутреннего законодательства и международно-правовых обязательств России в области прав человека.
    • Обеспечить немедленную ликвидацию всех незаконных мест содержания под стражей в Чечне.
    • Обеспечить немедленное прекращение властями Чеченской Республики подавления свободы выражения мнений на территории этого субъекта РФ.
    • Обеспечить немедленное прекращение властями Чеченской Республики практики коллективного наказания и публичного унижения.
    • Обеспечить пострадавшим реальный доступ к эффективной правовой защите и к механизмам ответственности за нарушения прав человека со стороны республиканских силовых структур, включая жестокое и унижающее достоинство обращение, произвольные задержания, насильственные исчезновения и другие.
    • Привлечь к ответственности причастных к нарушениям в Чечне, обеспечивая информирование общества о промежуточных результатах расследования и уголовного преследования вплоть до итогового результата.
    • Обеспечить журналистам и правозащитникам, предающим гласности факты преследования геев и другие нарушения в Чечне, защиту от преследований и от препятствования работе со стороны местных властей и содействовать созданию в республике благоприятных условий для их работы.
    • Публично признать масштаб и серьезность проблемы насилия и притеснений в отношении ЛГБТ в России и заявить о намерении принять меры по прекращению нарушений.
    • Указать всем государственным служащим и общественным деятелям, прибегающим в своих публичных выступлениях, заявлениях, интервью и в другом публичном контексте к ненавистнической и дискриминационной риторике, на недопустимость такого поведения.
    • Предложить российскому парламенту отменить так называемый «закон об ответственности за пропаганду нетрадиционных сексуальных отношений» № 135-ФЗ от 29 июня 2013 г., который фактически запрещает распространение положительной информации об ЛГБТ, поскольку этот закон способствует нагнетанию гомофобии и эскалации гомофобного насилия и противоречит международно-правовым обязательствам России в области прав человека.
    • Обеспечить эффективное исполнение постановлений Европейского суда по правам человека по жалобам заявителей из Чечни, в том числе привлекая виновных к ответственности и обеспечивая принятие конкретных мер для предупреждения аналогичных нарушений в будущем.
    • Принять все необходимые меры в интересах того, чтобы сотрудники правоохранительных органов при исполнении ими должностных обязанностей соблюдали право граждан не подвергаться дискриминации, право на равенство и право на уважение частной жизни.
    • Решительно осуждать любые акты насилия и дискриминации в отношении ЛГБТ и обеспечивать привлечение к ответственности всех лиц, причастных к гомофобному и трансфобному насилию.

    Международному сообществу

    • Европейский союз, отдельные его члены, Канада, США, Австралия и другие демократические государства должны продвигать рекомендации этого доклада на многосторонних площадках, включая Совет ООН по правам человека, Организацию по безопасности и сотрудничеству в Европе и Совет Европы, а также в рамках двусторонних контактов с Россией.
    • Европейский союз, отдельные его члены, Канада, США, Австралия и другие демократические государства должны принять меры по предоставлению безопасного убежища пострадавшим от облав на геев, которым угрожает прямая опасность.
    • Европейский союз, отдельные его члены, Канада, США, Австралия и другие демократические государства должны регулярно запрашивать информацию о ходе расследования облав на геев в Чечне и публично обозначать свою поддержку журналистов и правозащитников, которые предают гласности факты нарушений и противостоят произволу властей Чеченской Республики РФ.
    • Независимый эксперт ООН по вопросу о защите от насилия и дискриминации по признаку сексуальной ориентации и гендерной идентичности должен пристально отслеживать ситуацию в Чечне, шаги, предпринимаемые российскими властями для прекращения жестоких нарушений, и действия других государств по предоставлению безопасного убежища пострадавшим.
    • Парламентская ассамблея Совета Европы должна назначить нового докладчика по вопросу о нарушениях прав человека на Северном Кавказе и придать вопросу о ситуации с правами человека в Чечне приоритетный статус в своей повестке в интересах скорейшего проведения соответствующих публичных дебатов.

    Международной федерации футбольных ассоциаций (ФИФА)

    • В свете предстоящего Чемпионата мира по футболу в России в 2018 г. потребовать от российского правительства публичного обязательства обеспечить без какой-либо дискриминации всем спортсменам, тренерам, болельщикам, журналистам и другим участникам и гостям безопасность и возможность свободно выражать свое мнение.
    • Выступить с недвусмысленным публичным заявлением в поддержку прав ЛГБТ с призывом ко всем принимающим чемпионат странам, включая Россию, демонстрировать безоговорочную приверженность их соблюдению.

    Методология

    В апреле 2017 г. Хьюман Райтс Вотч проинтервьюировала шестерых бывших задержанных и еще двух человек, затронутых облавами на геев в Чечне. Все они уехали из республики, даты и место интервью не разглашаются. Полученные нами свидетельства соответствуют материалам, опубликованным в том же месяце в «Новой газете». Мы также интервьюировали активистов Российской ЛГБТ-сети, которые работают с пострадавшими, и журналистов «Новой газеты», которые ранее сами брали у таких людей интервью. В докладе также использована информация, полученная нами от источников в Чечне и в чеченской диаспоре в Европе, которые мы не можем раскрывать по соображениям безопасности. Все интервью проводились на русском языке исследователем Хьюман Райтс Вотч, для которого этот язык является родным.

    Мы информировали собеседников о цели интервью, о том, что участие в интервью не предполагает никаких выгод для респондента, а также о том, что оно носит исключительно добровольный характер. Все собеседники давали свое устное информированное согласие. В докладе респонденты фигурируют под псевдонимами, некоторые детали из их свидетельств не разглашаются в интересах защиты наших собеседников и их родственников от возможных последствий.

    Мы также тщательно изучили и использовали материалы СМИ, заявления и комментарии официальных лиц и другие общедоступные материалы по теме доклада.

    I. Общие сведения

    В течение десятилетия, пока Рамзан Кадыров находится во главе Чечни, он с молчаливого одобрения федерального центра создал в республике режим личной тирании, последовательно искореняя малейшие проявления инакомыслия.[1] Его власть построена на жестоких репрессиях, инструментом которых служат фактически подконтрольные главе республики силовики. Похищения, насильственные исчезновения, пытки, внесудебные казни и коллективное наказание, которые они годами практиковали в отношении предполагаемых участников вооруженного подполья и их пособников, со временем стали применяться и против других «нежелательных» категорий граждан – местных инакомыслящих, независимых журналистов, мусульман-салафитов, наркоманов и др.

    Политическая карьера Рамзана Кадырова

    После двух «чеченских» войн 1990-х гг. республика лежала в руинах. В начале нулевых, после завершения крупномасштабных войсковых операций и окончательного решения вопроса о сохранении Чечни в составе России, федеральный центр стал постепенно передавать выполнение административных и контртеррористических функций промосковски настроенным чеченским лидерам. Этот процесс завершился к 2004 г.

    В поисках авторитетной фигуры, на которую можно было бы опереться в республике, Кремль остановил свой выбор на бывшем муфтии Чечни Ахмате Кадырове, который в октябре 2003 г. был избран президентом Чеченской Республики (ЧР). Политика федерального центра предполагала передачу решения основных правоохранительных и контртеррористических задач местным силовым структурам, заметную роль среди которых играла личная охрана Ахмата Кадырова – президентская служба безопасности, которую возглавил его сын Рамзан и которая поначалу состояла преимущественно из родственников и земляков Кадыровых.

    В мае 2004 г. Ахмат Кадыров погиб в результате теракта на грозненском стадионе «Динамо», и федеральному центру пришлось организовывать новые президентские выборы. Рамзан, которому тогда было 27 лет, унаследовал политическое влияние отца, но по возрасту не мог баллотироваться в президенты, и был назначен первым вице-премьером, курирующим силовой блок. В 2005 – начале 2006 гг. ему удалось обеспечить себе контроль над всеми республиканскими силовыми структурами.[2] Весной 2006 г. он стал премьером ЧР. В апреле 2007 г. Рамзан Кадыров по назначению российского руководства стал президентом ЧР и к 2008 г. прочно утвердился в качестве единственного реального центра силы в республике.[3] В 2016 г. на прямых выборах главы республики он набрал 97,94% голосов.[4]

    Нейтрализация оппонентов

    На протяжении последнего десятилетия из Чечни постоянно поступает заслуживающая доверия информация о том, что под флагом бескомпромиссной борьбы с исламистским вооруженным подпольем в регионе подконтрольные Кадырову местные силовики практикуют похищения, насильственные исчезновения, пытки, внесудебные казни и коллективное наказание. Главной мишенью служат предполагаемые боевики, а также их родственники и лица, подозреваемые в пособничестве.[5]

    Рамзан Кадыров также склонен приравнивать к боевикам и их пособникам местных салафитов. Полиции и местному «активу» прямо предписывается следить за тем, как люди молятся и одеваются, и «профилактировать» тех, кто отклоняется от традиционного для региона суфийского ислама. В последние годы полицейские рейды против реальных или предполагаемых салафитов получили широкое распространение. Нередко их задержание официально не оформляется, родственникам не сообщают о состоянии или местонахождении задержанного. Оказавшись на свободе или в официальном изоляторе, такие люди не обращаются с жалобами и молчат о пережитом, имея все основания опасаться последствий со стороны силовиков.[6]

    Режим личной власти

    Многие эксперты по Северному Кавказу характеризуют созданный Кадыровым в Чечне режим как «культ личности», указывая на то, что «приказы Рамзана» фактически стали единственным законом в республике.[7] В недавнем докладе о контртерроре на Северном Кавказе сегодняшняя Чечня характеризуется как «тоталитарное государство в государстве», в котором Кадыров определяет практически все аспекты жизни общества, включая политику, религию, науку и семью.[8]

    Созданный вокруг Рамзана Кадырова и его семьи культ направлен на утверждение его безраздельной власти в республике. Важнейшим инструментом этой политики служит гостелерадиокомпания «Грозный»,[9] большинство новостных и «информационно-аналитических» программ которой так или иначе посвящены Кадырову и нередко содержат вставки кадров, в которых глава республики раздает поручения и распекает за ошибки чиновников вплоть до самых высоких местных руководителей. Кадыров также активно использует социальные сети, чтобы продвигать свою линию, требовать подчинения, обозначать и шельмовать врагов и фактически диктовать закон. Его аккаунт в Instagram, созданный в феврале 2013 г., к весне 2015 г. набрал миллион подписчиков. Глава республики также имеет аккаунты в Facebook, Twitter и ВКонтакте: по данным республиканского Министерства по национальной политике, внешним связям, печати и информации, общее число подписчиков Кадырова в соцсетях превышает 2 млн.[10]

    Испытывая терпение Кремля

    Рамзан Кадыров часто и подчеркнуто демонстрирует свою лояльность федеральному центру и лично президенту Владимиру Путину. Однако его претензии на единоличную власть в республике, похоже, начинают вызывать в Кремле глухое раздражение. С конца 2014 г. из Москвы, в том числе и от Путина лично, в ответ на некоторые особенно вызывающие демарши главы Чечни стали поступать сигналы, которые при всей их внешней мягкости недвусмысленно свидетельствовали о том, что Кремль далеко не все устраивает в сложившейся ситуации.

    18 декабря 2014 г., после публичного обещания Кадырова разрушать до фундамента дома семей боевиков и незамедлительно последовавших за ним резонансных эпизодов поджогов домов, Владимир Путин деликатно напомнил, что никто, даже глава Чечни, не вправе прибегать к досудебным расправам.[11] Значение этого внешне благожелательного напоминания трудно переоценить, учитывая, что это стало первым случаем, когда из Кремля прозвучала публичная критика в адрес Кадырова.

    Через десять дней Рамзан Кадыров отметился громкой речью на грозненском стадионе, выступая перед сотрудниками местных силовых структур. «Мы говорим на весь мир, что являемся боевой пехотой Владимира Путина», - заявил он. Несколько аналитиков оценили эту вызывающую демонстрацию лояльности как предупреждение федеральному центру о последствиях в случае прекращения политической или финансовой поддержки.[12] Менее чем через четыре месяца последовало еще одно резонансное заявление Кадырова в связи со спецоперацией «федералов» в Грозном. На совещании с местными силовиками он разрешил им «открывать огонь на поражение» в случае, если кто-то будет проводить силовые операции в Чечне без согласования с руководством республики.[13]

    27 февраля 2015 г. в центре Москвы был застрелен известный оппозиционный политик Борис Немцов, резко критиковавший Рамзана Кадырова. Следствие быстро установило семерых подозреваемых, из которых все были связаны с Чечней, а четверо являлись действующими или бывшими чеченскими силовиками. Пятеро были арестованы, однако правоохранительным органам не удалось ни арестовать, ни даже допросить ключевого фигуранта – Руслана Геремеева, который на момент убийства был заместителем командира батальона внутренних войск «Север», одного из подконтрольных Рамзану Кадырову силовых формирований. По многочисленным сообщениям СМИ, Геремеев находится в Чечне. Сам Кадыров отвергал какую-либо причастность чеченского руководства к убийству, однако в целом благожелательно отзывался о подозреваемых, заявляя, что Геремеев был вынужден скрыться от следствия, и намекая на то, что его подставили. На момент подготовки этого доклада дело слушалось в суде.

    Рамзан Кадыров на протяжении многих лет не скрывал своего негативного, даже агрессивного, отношения к российской политической оппозиции, журналистам, которые занимаются расследованиями, и правозащитникам. Однако в 2016 г. тональность его высказываний стала приобретать откровенно угрожающий характер. На встрече с журналистами в Грозном в январе 2016 г. он обрушился с нападками на «несистемную» оппозицию, обвинив ее представителей в «подрывной деятельности» и назвав их «врагами народа и предателями».[14]

    В том же месяце власти Чечни организовали в Грозном многотысячный митинг, на котором местные чиновники  клеймили лидеров российской оппозиции как «проплаченных марионеток» Запада и «национал-предателей».[15] Сам Кадыров, комментируя митинг, неоднократно называл оппозиционеров «шайтанами и шакалами» и заявил, что объявляет им войну «в любом смысле этого слова».[16] Через несколько недель он выложил в Instagram видео с Михаилом Касьяновым в оптическом прицеле, сопроводив его подписью «Касьянов приехал в Страсбург за деньгами для российской оппозиции».[17] Это вызвало волну комментариев в западных и российских СМИ, и к концу того же дня видео было удалено со страницы Кадырова, как утверждается – администрацией сервиса.[18]

    В преддверии прошедших осенью 2016 г. выборов главы республики чеченские власти развернули ожесточенные, тотальные репрессии против своих критиков и вообще любых лиц, чья лояльность Кадырову могла вызывать хоть малейшие сомнения. В числе попавших под этот каток оказывались обычные жители республики, тем или иным образом продемонстрировавшие недовольство или несогласие, критически настроенные российские и иностранные журналисты и немногочисленные правозащитники, которые еще рискуют браться за дела о нарушениях со стороны чеченских силовиков.[19]

    Главными жертвами репрессий становились жители Чечни, которые негативно высказывались о тех или иных аспектах властной политики и общей ситуации, либо не проявляли готовности восхвалять республиканское руководство. Власти напрямую или через направляемых ими лиц наказывали таких граждан, подвергая их незаконному задержанию, включая похищения и насильственные исчезновения, жестокому и унижающему достоинство обращению и угрозам физической расправы; нападениям и угрозам также подвергались члены их семей. В конце 2015 г. один из таких людей умер после того, как подвергся насильственному исчезновению и пыткам со стороны силовиков.

    Притеснения геев

    Для чеченских силовиков преследования отдельных геев не являются чем-то новым: они годами наживались на таких людях, избивая и шантажируя их и вымогая у них деньги. Наши собеседники неизменно упоминали в интервью о таких случаях. Однако никогда прежде преследования и притеснения не достигали уровня организованного насилия, который задокументирован в этом докладе в связи с настоящей охотой на геев, развернутой в республике в последнее время.[20]

    На федеральном уровне российские власти активно применяют «закон о гей-пропаганде» 2013 г., запрещающий распространение среди несовершеннолетних информации, в которой однополые отношения характеризуются как нормальные и допустимые и которая формирует представление о социальной равноценности гомо- и гетеросексуальных отношений. На момент подготовки этого доклада по меньшей мере шесть человек уже были привлечены к административной ответственности за нарушение этого закона.[21]

    II. Облава на геев

    Общий обзор

    Охота силовиков на геев началась в конце февраля 2017 г., к середине марта пошла на спад и снова усилилась в конце марта – начале апреля. Точное число попавших под облаву установить не удается, но, судя по всему, это более сотни человек. Российская ЛГБТ-сеть, ведущая российская группа за права ЛГБТ, открыла специальную горячую линию для оперативной помощи жертвам облав, которым угрожала прямая опасность. Как сообщили Хьюман Райтс Вотч в этой организации, за первые три недели апреля на них вышли 75 бывших задержанных, из которых 52 человека побывали в незаконных местах содержания под стражей и подверглись там пыткам. «Новая газета» предоставила Следственному комитету России персональные данные 26 жителей Чечни, которые были незаконно задержаны и стали, по данным редакции, жертвами внесудебных расправ. В списке фигурировали и люди, предположительно убитые только на основании подозрения в гомосексуальной ориентации.[22]

    В интервью Хьюман Райтс Вотч бывшие задержанные рассказывали, что узнали о гибели по меньшей мере трех человек, попавших под облаву. По словам наших собеседников, всех троих силовики вернули родственникам в крайне тяжелом состоянии; как представляется, один вскоре умер, двое других были предположительно убиты родственниками.[23] Один из наших источников утверждал, что об одном случае смерти он может говорить с полной уверенностью, поскольку информацию об этом он получил от члена семьи умершего.[24] Получить независимое подтверждение фактов смерти нам не удалось. Двое бывших задержанных заявили нам, что лично знают нескольких человек, которые, по их сведениям, по состоянию на середину апреля еще удерживались силовиками. О том, что некоторые все еще находятся в незаконных местах содержания под стражей, говорит и проектный директор Международной кризисной группы Екатерина Сокирянская.[25]

    По данным «Новой газеты», в Чечне существует шесть незаконных мест содержания под стражей, куда силовики помещают захваченных ими граждан.[26] Наши собеседники говорят, что в некоторых случаях в издевательствах над задержанными принимали участие высокопоставленные официальные лица.[27]

    С чего все началось

    В самом конце февраля полиция в Аргуне (примерно в 18 км к востоку от Грозного) задержала молодого человека, который принимал вызывавшие эйфорию таблетки. У него в телефоне нашли фотографии и переписку, которые указывали на его гомосексуальность. Задержание официально не оформлялось, но задержанного допросили с пристрастием и проверили его переписку в соцсетях и мессенджерах. На основании этой информации и полученных с помощью пыток показаний полицейские установили личность нескольких его контактов-геев. Об этом начальник аргунской полиции, как утверждают, проинформировал председателя парламента ЧР Магомеда Даудова (позывной «Лорд»). Последний известен как правая рука Рамзана Кадырова и фактически второй человек в республике.[28]

    Представляется, что Даудов играл ключевую роль в организации «зачистки» республики от геев, одобренной республиканским руководством. Большинство наших собеседников из числа бывших задержанных рассказывали, что слышали, как захватившие их и издевавшиеся над ними силовики говорили о Даудове и о якобы поступившей от него команде на жесткую «зачистку» геев. Трое проинтервьюированных нами людей лично видели Даудова, когда содержались в Аргуне и Грозном.[29] О неоднократных приездах Даудова в незаконное место содержания под стражей в Аргуне также сообщала «Новая газета».[30]

    Из каждого нового задержанного выбивалась информация о знакомых ему предполагаемых геях. Информация извлекалась и с телефонов задержанных.

    Вот что рассказал один из бывших задержанных:

    Получалась цепочка. Возьмут одного, покопаются в телефоне, под пыткой заставят других назвать, потом этих других возьмут и так дальше… Там, где меня держали, нас [геев] поначалу четверо было, а через несколько дней – уже два десятка. По ночам, когда нас в покое оставляли, я пытался вновь прибывших уговаривать, чтобы они шли в отказ, все отрицали, никого не называли. Я им говорил, что чем больше людей назовем, чем больше дадим информации – тем дольше нас в этой тюрьме держать будут, пытать… Объяснял им: разве не видите, кто много говорит – того еще жестче пытают… Но обрабатывали серьезно: избивали, и особенно ток, и очень немногие могли выдержать, чтобы не расколоться.[31]

    Незаконные задержания и пытки

    Чеченские силовики забирали своих жертв из дома, с работы или на улице, и даже без минимальной видимости соблюдения процессуальных формальностей доставляли в незаконные места содержания под стражей, где содержались и другие неофициальные задержанные: преимущественно это предполагаемые пособники джихадистов и наркоманы. Двое проинтервьюированных нами бывших задержанных в ходе облавы на геев утверждали, что их держали в незаконном месте содержания под стражей в Аргуне на территории бывшей комендатуры. Еще двоих держали в незаконных местах содержания под стражей

              

    Frozen's "Let it go" sung in Klingon

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    Ever wonder what the song "Let it go" from Disney's hit movie Frozen would sound like in Klingon? Me neither but then again, something like that would never even occur to me. But it did occur to Jen Usellis, who performs as the Klingon Pop Warrior.

    Listen as she belts out her Klingonese version, called "yIbuSQo'":

    Nerdist:

    After Reddit user staq16 posted the song to Reddit’s Star Trek subreddit earlier this month, the track quickly earned mad parmaq from the forum’s community. However, while most users thought the song was on point, some took issue with the fact that Klingons are known for not enjoying the cold—nor letting things go. They also apparently don’t do a lot of other things.

    (Geekologie) Read the rest


              

    Where is the 5th pig?

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    This is an anti-fascist puzzle made in occupied Netherlands circa 1940. Can you find the 5th pig? (Hint: Al Jaffee would have no problem finding it.)

    Solution

    [via r/interestingasfuck] Read the rest


              

    Bodycam video of NOPD shootout with burglars to be released today

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    The video is expected to show officers exchanging gunfire with alleged burglars around 5:30 p.m. on Oct. 28 at a home in the 1000 block of Deslonde Street.
            

              

    44% of Louisiana schools need improvement plans

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    The department released performance data Wednesday as part of the state's compliance with the federal Every Student Succeeds Act.
            

              

    Trump goes all-in with the Louisiana governor's race

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    The White House confirmed he would visit Bossier City on Nov. 14, two days before Louisiana voters head to polls.
            

              

    14-year-old boy arrested, faces several charges including aggravated murder

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    The Northern Ohio Violent Fugitive Task Force has located 14-year-old Keyshawn Foster.
            

              

    TIL that in 1947, the Kiwanis Club of Ahoskie, N.C. held a drawing for a New Cadillac. When a Black Navy Veteran won, they announced there had been a mistake, refunded the winner the $1 price of his ticket, and drew again for a white winner. : todayi

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    Tags:


              

    STI Diagnoses Crowdsourced on Reddit: What Can We Learn?

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    People are using social media platforms to ask the general public to help diagnose sexually transmitted infections.
    Medscape
              

    28: The Fifth Element Multi-Pass Throwback Review

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    In this Episode:

    Our Heroes discuss the legendary film The Fifth Element. Tune in to learn the origins of the film’s style and the crazy European artists that sparked a Sci-Fi revolution…

    Items discussed (links to more info):

    Note - if the below links don’t work in your podcast player please visit the show page at: ebd.fm/episodes/28

    Download MP3

     


              

    That would be cool to film from underwater

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    🔥 Blue-footed boobies dive bomb the water simultaneously from r/interestingasfuck


              

    Weird, but fascinating

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    The limacodidae caterpillar looks like a little gummy bear! Don’t try to eat these guys though as they have a painful sting! from r/interestingasfuck


              

    Psych!

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    when I first saw this I was so confused from r/interestingasfuck


              

    THE HELIOS REPORT #6

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    By: Daniel Thwaites Sr. https://cdn.steemitimages.com/DQmVbUxzCEM762BMMWkqyqXkD54jHDPMDXmPshoJLRwxbvA/image.png What’s What in the Heliosphere Another warm weekly welcome is in store! It is time to regale you with the sixth edition of the Helios Report. This week has been a whirlwind of networking and adventure! Helios Protocol came, saw, and owned World Crypto Con, the Helios Army has been deployed on their first mission, $HLS + CMC, and Flote is our newest front! Keep that radio tuned right here for more… Blockchain Week was a huge success for us this week. It was a pleasure networking with some of the industry’s heavy hitters and speaking of possible future collaborations. We were able to promote our project to some big influencers and in turn learned a lot about new things on the horizon in the Cryptosphere. More to come on that in the future! The Helios Army was recently deployed on their first mission. So far enlistment has been growing fast and we have an amazing group of members out spreading the word about Helios Protocol and the technology we have to offer the world. If you haven’t heard of the Helios Army yet, it is a group of our most loyal and dedicated community members who perform specific tasks each month and in return receive huge rewards. More info can be found here! We have finally made it on to CoinMarketCap!!!! We are very excited to be listed on this #505 Alexa-ranked website! Soon you will be able to check all of the relevant data associated with $HLS! We are also thrilled to announce we now have our own page on Flote! For those of you who haven’t heard of Flote, they are a great Crypto Social Network that has Twitter shaking in its boots. Think new home for Crypto Twitter where content providers are rewarded for their efforts. Users of Flote get their own built-in, easy to use Crypto wallet for fee-free P2P payments. All types of media are allowed including audio, video, images, and text. Users can also live stream and host superchats! Bounty Hunter of the Week: @Maxn76 Congratulations to our Bounty Hunter of the Week, @Maxn76!!! For your hard work and dedication this past week you will be receiving a 50% bonus on your bounty reward! Thank you to all who submitted bounties!! Keep ‘em rollin’ in and next week it may be YOU who gets the bonus!!! Meme of the Week:

    Thank You to @lordblackpuma for the submission!!! This Week in Mass Adoption Mass adoption is the biggest goal the Blockchain community can achieve. Every week there are more examples that it is near, this past week being no exception. There was great news from the Internet of People ($IOP), more big news out of China, land registries, blockchain phones, seafood becomes see food, and now you can stay and pay with more crypto through Travala! Details after these three dots… Internet of People ($IOP) has announced on their Twitter page that their first real use-case has been achieved. IoP has signed a contract with Mexican University, Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit (UAN) for a digital identity solution. UAN has 30,000 students that will use the DID system powered by the IoP Blockchain. The program begins in 2020. The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) has been reported to have been studying a national digital currency, DCEP or Digital Currency Electronic Payment, for the past “five or six years”. This is according to Huang Qifan, the executive VP of the China International Economic Exchange Center. This will in all likelihood, spur on a mad rush of other nations creating their own national digital currencies. Only time will tell if this spells the beginning of mass adoption or the end of our freedom from The Suits’ interference! The Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) is working on a two-year project in Peru, Bolivia, and Paraguay to put land registries on the Blockchain. As reported by CoinDesk, the IADB has teamed up Bolivian IT company Jalasoft and ChromaWay, a startup out of Stockholm, Sweden focusing solutions for financial institutions and governments. Land registries and payments on the Blockchain would be a certain step in the right direction for use-case arguments! Samsung has announced they will be integrating Tron into the SDK of the Samsung Blockchain Keystore which, as stated on the Samsung developers website, “puts consumers in control of their data by providing a platform to consolidate and easily manage private information and digital keys with vault-like security”. Blockchain tech is growing at a fast pace and the next generations of Blockchain-enabled smartphones will be key in the mass adoption charge. Fortune has reported the SEC will allow three major brokerages to settle stock trades using Blockchain tech. Credit Suisse, Société Générale, and another brokerage will utilize technology from the tech startup company Paxos based out of New York. This will dramatically reduce the time needed to settle these stock trades by a significant amount. Blockchain tech is even helping out its little brother, the Stock Market. This already has huge implications. Another seafood company has announced they will be using Blockchain tech to track and trace their products. BusinessWire has said Mastercard is teaming up with Envisible to bring food traceability to the Blockchain. Envisible’s Wholechain tracing system will utilize Mastercard’s Provenance Solution which is also used to fight the counterfeiting of luxury goods. Topco Associates LTD, a member-owned food consortium which includes Food City, will be the first to pilot the program to trace it’s seafood supplies. Hotel booking website Travala announced it will now accept Cardano ($ADA) and Stellar ($XLM) for hotel bookings. These payment options join other Cryptocurrencies $BTC, $ETH, $BNB, $BCH, $XRP, $LTC, $TUSD, $TRON, $NANO, $WAVES, $XZC, and their native $AVA token. It seems that more options for payments are showing up every week!!! Hey, Did Ya Hear That… …patch 1.1 is out for the awesome Flowerpatch DApp? The patch has MANY new upgrades and includes two new particles for the strain editor!!! Annnnndddd…. …winners were announced for the Flowerpatch Halloween contest? Join their Discord already! …the Bitcoin Whitepaper turned 11 this week? Happy birthday $BTC 😉 …traders on KuCoin will soon have access to margin trading? That’s marginally exciting… …Binance is going to open offices in Beijing? Cue the explosion emoji. …Huobi will freeze all American accounts by the middle of November? Booooooooooooooooo …the first birth certificate to be recorded on the Blockchain was registered in Brazil? And it starts… Share, Earn, Repeat Start a Meetup | Bug Bounty | Article DApp Share | Avatar | Daily Task | BitcoinTalk Daily Online Video | Meme | Social Influencer | Referral | Coding Contributions They Love Us, They Love Us Not Discord: 11,953 Flote: 26 Twitter: 7,320 Russian Twitter: 48 Latin American Twitter: 211 Filipino Twitter: 11 Uptrennd: 25 Reddit: 52 Telegram: 4,445 Facebook: 452 Latin American Facebook: 628 Cuff Links Website: https://heliosprotocol.io Github: https://github.com/Helios-Protocol Discord: https://discord.gg/TsGqytf Uptrennd: https://www.uptrennd.com/signup/NTg1OA https://www.uptrennd.com/user/heliosprotocol.io Flote: https://flote.app/HeliosProtocol Trybe: https://trybe.one/user/12537 Twitter Twitter – Russian Twitter – Latin American Twitter – Filipino Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/HeliosProtocolPlatform/ Latin American Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/HeliosProtocolLatino Twitch: https://www.twitch.tv/heliosprotocol Telegram: https://t.me/heliosprotocol Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/heliosprotocol/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/heliosprotocol Bitcoin Talk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=4317054.0 Atomars: https://atomars.com/trading/HLSETH https://atomars.com/trading/HLSBTC https://atomars.com/trading/HLSUSDT qTrade: https://qtrade.io/market/HLS_BTC

              

    Episode 153: We Sell Shit

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    Four close man friends gather around to discuss buying a woman's poop.  This is the Official Podcast. Every Thursday. At 7pm EST. Or Every Wednesday at 7pm on audio. Links below.  GET 20% OFF PREMIUM MEN'S UNDERWEAR AND CLOTHING: visit https://www.MACKWELDON.com and use promo code: OFFICIAL at checkout PATREON: https://www.patreon.com/theofficialpodcast  MERCH: https://teespring.com/stores/the-official-podcast  Timestamps: 00:04:20 - Star Wars v. Star Trek 00:07:41 - Our Passions 00:18:21 - Dressing up on Halloween 00:20:50 - Mack Weldon *Ad*  00:24:26 - Used Underwear Tales and Poop Fetishes 00:47:53 - Poop Sniffing Prices 00:56:32 - Lets Talk About Gaming 00:59:55 - Lets Talk About Movies Hosts:  Jackson: https://twitter.com/zealotonpc  Andrew: https://twitter.com/huggbeestv  Charlie: https://twitter.com/moistcr1tikal  Kaya: https://twitter.com/kayaorsan  The Official Podcast:  SubReddit: https://reddit.com/r/theofficialpodcast  Google Play: https://play.google.com/music/m/Iv4af6j46ldkjja7vwnvljbyiw4?t=The_Official_Podcast  Google Podcasts: https://www.google.com/podcasts?feed=aHR0cHM6Ly9mZWVkcy5tZWdhcGhvbmUuZm0vVE9QNzc4NDYyNTk4MA%3D%3D  Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/theofficialpodcast  Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/6TXzjtMTEopiGjIsCfvv6W  iTunes: https://itunes.apple.com/au/podcast/the-official-podcast/id1186089636  Music by: https://soundcloud.com/inst1nctive Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
              

    'You can't prepare for it.' | How families cope when their loved ones leave for war

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    War doesn't just affect the men and women who serve our country. It also has a major impact on the families they leave behind.
            

              

    Damp, blustery, and colder across Kentuckiana Thursday

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    We'll see the first of two shots of unseasonably cold air impact the area into the weekend.
            

              

    Semi carrying lumber rolls over on I-71N; all lanes closed

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    The crash happened around 5 a.m. on Thursday morning. It is unclear how long the interstate will remain closed.
            

              

    Kentucky State Parks offer military discount

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    The discount is available to those currently serving in the armed forces, retired members of the military, veterans, National Guard members and reservists.
            

              

    VOTE | Should West Clark Community Schools split into two districts?

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    We asked the question during our newscast and we want to know what you think. Click/tap here to vote in our latest poll
            

              

    Plan to separate Silver Creek from West Clark Community Schools approved by Indiana Board of Education

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    It's a move that's been in the making for two years to make the schools more financially stable.
            

              

    'I have more bad days than I do good days': Mother searches for clues in son's murder

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    17-year-old Decorian Curry was murdered on May 25, 2019 in a drive-by shooting.
            

              

    Bevin's campaign requests official recanvass following election results

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    Bevin called it a "close, close race" and said he wasn't conceding "by any stretch."
            

              

    Frazier History Museum names new president and CEO

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    Andy Treinen was handpicked by former president and CEO Penny Peavler to succeed her.
            

              

    Big Freedia goes fishing in New Orleans, opens up about adversity

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    Freedia mentioned that worked is underway to offer fans a new ice cream flavor next year - but did not reveal what that flavor would be.
            

              

    Shot in her own home. Detectives need help finding her killer

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    Leah Marie Carlos's body was discovered inside a Schriever home in the 200 block of North Main Project Road on May 27, 2019.
            

              

    How Condoms Are Made, Shown In 60-Second Video Produced For Your Pleasure

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    Image via Shutterstock

    It takes two hands and a whole factory for consent to happen.

    A fascinating 60-second GIF posted on Reddit shows how condoms are being made. Not the sexiest thing, but satisfying nonetheless.

    The clip shows the rubbers, stretched at full length, systematically being rinsed before being dipped into a latex compound to thicken their structure. They are then pressed down into packageable sizes.

    It befuddles the mind how the condoms don’t tear during the process. The next time you’re tempted to not use one, remember it took all these steps for protection to occur.



    This is how Condoms are made! from
    interestingasfuck





    [via r/interestingasfuck, cover image via Shutterstock]
              

    Contrabbandieri di sigarette: percepivano il reddito di cittadinanza

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    Spacciatori di sigarette di contrabbando per conto di un’agguerrita organizzazione criminale ma anche percettori del reddito di cittadinanza. E’ quanto scoperto dalla Guardia di Finanza […]

    L'articolo Contrabbandieri di sigarette: percepivano il reddito di cittadinanza proviene da Capri Event.


              

    Blizzcon: Blizzard Apologizes For Banning Blitzchung, Keeps Him Banned, More Fallout Ensues

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    The fallout from Blizzard's complete bungling of several eSports competitors taking public stances in support of the ongoing protests in Hong Kong has been both brutal and ongoing. As a reminder, professional Hearthstone player Blitzchung made relatively mild statements on a Blizzard stream backing the protests, leading to Blizzard yanking his prize money from an event and then issuing him a 1 year ban from competition. Others joined him in those comments afterwards, resulting in more bans. Soon after that, Blizzard returned Blitzchung's prize money and reduced his ban to 6 months, apparently believing the outrage that had ensued was over 6 months of the bans, rather than the fact that Blizzard would ban players for this kind of speech at all. Congress started making noise, calling on Blizzard to behave better, while at least one advertiser bailed on Blizzard entirely.

    That's what has occurred basically over the last month or so. This past week, of course, was the start of Blizzcon, the convention that is supposed to be one enormous celebration of Blizzard. Instead, Blizzard President J. Allen Brack was forced to walk onto the stage at Blizzcon's opening ceremony and issue an apology.

    Before Blizzcon’s opening ceremony, Blizzard president J. Allen Brack somberly addressed the crowd with an apology for Blizzard’s harsh punishment of Hearthstone esports pro Chung “Blitzchung” Ng Wai. “Blizzard had the opportunity to bring the world together in a tough Hearthstone esports moment about a month ago and we did not,” said Brack.

    “We moved too quickly in our decision-making and then, to make matters worse, we were too slow to talk with all of you,” said Brack. “We didn’t live up to the high standards that we really set for ourselves.”

    Brack went further: “I’m sorry and I accept accountability,” he said.

    You might assume that he then immediately announced that Blitzchung's 6 month ban and the other bans issued for Hong Kong comments had been rescinded. But you would be very, very wrong about that. Blitzchung's ban remains. And, as far as official Blizzard policy goes, political comments on Blizzard streams and during events are still very much forbidden. In other words, it's difficult to see what's actually changed to go along with Brack's "apology."

    Outside of Blizzcon's front door, there is a group of people who also don't seem to be particularly placated.

    Protesters, some in cosplay, are holding signs and chanting slogans like “People over profit” and “Free Hong Kong.”

    This particular protest has been facilitated by multiple groups, including Los Angeles-based pro-Hong Kong democracy collective Hong Kong Forum, another pro-Hong Kong group called Freedom Hong Kong, an activist organization called Fight For The Future, and the Protest BlizzCon subreddit, the latter two of whom announced their protest intentions well in advance of the convention.

    The protest continued into the afternoon, featuring speeches from guests like two of the American University Hearthstone players who held up a “free Hong Kong” sign during a Blizzard-hosted broadcast and ultimately received a punishment similar to Blitzchung’s.

    This isn't the celebration of Blizzard the company hoped would greet convention goers upon entering Blizzcon, you can be sure. It's worth remembering at this point, again, that Blitzchung's comments in support of Hong Kong were incredibly mild. Blizzard massively overplayed its hand, when it could have shown some spine, no matter the pretend hurt feelings of Beijing.

    Hell, even Hearthstone's developers are publicly commenting that they don't support Blizzard's actions.

    During an interview at BlizzCon, Hearthstone game director Ben Lee and creative director Ben Thompson admitted that they wished Blizzard execs had handled the Hong Kong powder keg with more care.

    And yet the rage continues, as do the protests, all because Blizzard kept tripping over its own feet in handling all of this.



    Permalink | Comments | Email This Story

              

    Answer by alisarabes EN

     Cache   

    deliver a thrilling night of fisticuffs
    https://www.reddit.com/r/ufc211santdos/
    http://www.borrowdogs.org/groups/ufc-211-miocic-vs-dos-santos-2-live-stream-fight-card-ppv-full-fight-start-time-sat-13-may-2017/
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pnv0joMF2po


              

    Nfl Vs Ncaa Football Coach Salary (no replies)

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    BJHB!!!@@@https://www.reddit.com/r/TvPlusStream/comments/dqfvfu/livencaa4knc_state_vs_wake_forest_live_online/ (no replies)

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