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Comment on SwRI-Led Lucy Mission Completes Critical Design Review by October 21 – October 27, 2019 –

[…] October 24, 2019 – The Lucy mission led by Southwest Research Institute is one step closer to its 2021 launch to explore the Trojan asteroids, a population of ancient small bodies that share an orbit with Jupiter. With the successful completion of its critical design review last week, the Lucy spacecraft is on track to begin a 12-year journey of almost 4 billion miles to visit a record-breaking seven asteroids — one main belt asteroid and six Trojans. Read More […]

UBports's Ubuntu Touch Release


  • Ubuntu Touch Q&A 62

    Unity8 from 2017 (plus many patches) and Mir 1.x have arrived in Ubuntu Touch releases on the devel channel. Read more at What's this Edge merge anyway?

    OTA-12 is off to a great start even without these changes, with fixes to private mode coming in this week.

    Ubports Installer 0.4 has been released

    After months of effort to refactor and re-implement parts of the installer, Jan was pleased to announce the release of the UBports Installer 0.4. This release features a new task-based config file format that allows the Installer to act on many types of Android or Android-like devices. It also makes the Installer far more versatile, now able to install custom Android distributions and Ubuntu Touch alike. It can even boot AsteroidOS on a smartwatch.

    The config file format has enabled us to bring support for the Sony Xperia X and Oneplus 3 (and 3T) to the installer as well. Both of these devices have very advanced (but not yet perfect!) hardware support and installing is easy with only a few clicks. For more information, please see the respective threads for the Sony Xperia X and Oneplus 3(T).

  • UBports Begins Offering Ubuntu Touch 64-Bit ARM Images

    While Ubuntu Touch has run on AArch64 hardware, to date their builds have been focused on 32-bit mode support. Fortunately, for select devices, they are now spinning 64-bit images.

    Besides being able to support more than 4GB of RAM with ease, the 64-bit images have resulted in applications launching faster and perform better thans to the ARMv8 architecture.

  • Ubuntu Touch Is Now Finally Available as 64-Bit ARM Images for Ubuntu Phones

    The UBports community has announced today that its Ubuntu Touch mobile operating system for Ubuntu Phones is now finally available to download as 64-bit ARM images.

    After announcing last week an updated Ubuntu Touch Installer that adds support for the OnePlus 3, OnePlus 3T, and Sony Xperia X Android smartphones as Ubuntu Phones, UBports has released today 64-bit ARM images of Ubuntu Touch for the Sony Xperia X and OnePlus 3 and 3T phones for a faster and more optimized experience.


When We Made… Lovers in a Dangerous Spacetime

We take a look behind the scenes of Asteroid Base’s co-op shooter. Discussing its debt to both Star Wars and Star Trek, its modest launch, why it wanted to be a tough roguelike, but how it eventually found success as a family favourite


Lessons from the New Moon


By Colleen Schmidt The New Moon is dated for November 26, 2019 This new Moon features a slew of asteroids. Each of these asteroids is telling us something, giving us detail. The fact that they each fall in this axis means they are in conversation with each other. All of this helps create layers of […]

The post Lessons from the New Moon appeared first on Divination Counseling Service.


LATOKEN Launches IEO of Economic Interest in SpaceX to Hedge Dino Asteroid Disaster

Cayman Islands – “USPX token sparks the dream to unite people to explore an alternative planet to settle and hedge from an asteroid type of disaster. Something that dinosaurs did

Comment on Building an Asteroids game in Unity by John Horton

The most likely solution is in this section "Adding references to the public variables from all the scripts". This error indicates that you are using an object that is unitiialized. The section associates the various prefabs to be used to initialize the various objects.

Comment on Building an Asteroids game in Unity by Zach

Now im getting an error saying Object reference not set to an instance of an object. Is this a code problem? i took the code word for word

Comment on Building an Asteroids game in Unity by John Horton

Hi Zach, This is the code that spawns the asteroids in the GameController class. void SpawnAsteroids(){ DestroyExistingAsteroids(); // Decide how many asteroids to spawn // If any asteroids left over from previous game, subtract them asteroidsRemaining = (wave * increaseEachWave); for (int i = 0; i < asteroidsRemaining; i++) { // Spawn an asteroid Instantiate(asteroid, new Vector3(Random.Range(-9.0f, 9.0f), Random.Range(-6.0f, 6.0f), 0), Quaternion.Euler(0,0,Random.Range(-0.0f, 359.0f))); } waveText.text = "WAVE: " + wave; }

Comment on Building an Asteroids game in Unity by Zach

Right, so my gravity works, my collisions work but only one asteroid spawns, and i cant add scripts to it if its a prefab?

Investigation and Classification of Planetary Materials and Surfaces using Novel Methods to Analyze Large Compositional Datasets: Quantitative X-ray Compositional Mapping and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Narrow Angle Camera Photometric Analysis


Our understanding of planetary bodies and their surfaces originates from measurements made by spacecraft instruments and laboratory analysis of extraterrestrial materials. Integration of these datasets can significantly advance the fields of planetary geology and geochemistry. The goal of my dissertation research has been to develop novel methods for interrogating extraterrestrial samples and planetary regoliths, with an emphasis on integrating these complementary datasets. Additionally, my research has focused on utilizing ‘big data’ within the geoscience and planetary science communities, whether that data be geospatial or geochemical in nature. My dissertation research involves two separate, but related projects: (1) coupling Apollo 17 sample analyses with orbital observations from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC); and (2) development of quantitative compositional mapping (QCM) and lithologic mapping (LM) techniques using the electron microprobe, with specific applications demonstrated using vestan and lunar meteorites. For the Apollo 17 photometry research, the effects of composition, surface maturity, mineralogy, and glass content on the photometric properties of the lunar surface were investigated using Apollo 17 soil compositions as ground truth. A regional Hapke photometric parameter map of Taurus-Littrow Valley (TLV) on the Moon was produced and provides information about the photometric properties of the lunar regolith at a pixel scale of ~5 mpp. Finally, an empirical calibration was developed to relate the photometric properties (e.g., single scattering albedo) of the surface to the mafic content of Apollo 17 soils (wt.% MgO+FeO+TiO2). This relationship was used to generate a regional, topography-corrected compositional map of the TLV at high-resolution (~5 meters per pixel; mpp). Specifically, LROC Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) images were combined with NAC-derived digital terrain models to solve for photometric parameters by taking local illumination geometry into account, and thus allowing photometric parameters to be determined at a pixel scale of NAC DTMs (~5 meters per pixel). Locations of the Apollo samples and Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) stations, along with physiochemical information of soils collected from those stations, were used to precisely located each sample in NAC images, and to determine the correlation between the single scattering albedo and various measures of composition such as the alumina (Al2O3) content, which corresponds to high-albedo anorthositic components, or the mafic index (FeO+MgO+TiO2), which corresponds to the low-albedo mafic mineral components. The strongest correlation was observed for the mature soils, presumably because the soil maturation process breaks rocks and minerals down to a similar fine grain size. Additionally, the photometric data are self-consistent for incidence angles less than ~60 degrees. Using Bear Mountain as a test case, we describe a very effective method for removing slope effects, except for the steepest slopes where immature regolith occurs, by using the photometric parameters determined from NAC DTM data to account for local illumination geometry. Finally, we make inferences about the local geology, where for example, we examine the photometric characterization of Tycho impact melt at Apollo 17 and discuss the potential for Tycho impact melt in Station 2 soils. For the project on vestan and lunar meteorites, my dissertation research involved developing data processing protocols, multivariate statistical classification routines, and data interpretation workflows for QCM and LM. These methods, along with standard geochemical analyses (e.g., electron probe microanalysis and instrumental neutron activation analysis), were used to quantitatively characterize the mineralogic and lithologic heterogeneity (modal abundance and mineral compositions) of vestan and lunar meteorite samples using non-destructive techniques. For example, six paired howardites, collected from the Dominion Range, Antarctica, during the 2010 ANSMET field season, were extensively characterized using petrography, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), laser ablation ICP-MS, instrumental neutron activation analyses (INAA), and fused-bead (FB) analysis by EPMA. These howardites contain abundant lithic clasts of eucritic and diogenitic compositions, as well as atypical lithologies only recently recognized (dacite and Mg-rich harzburgite). Additionally, we identified secondary material (breccia-within-breccia and impact melt) derived from multiple impact events. We describe the characteristics of the howardites, and the lithic clasts they contain, to (1) establish the range and scale of petrologic diversity, (2) recognize inter- and intra-sample mineralogical and lithological heterogeneity, (3) confirm the initial pairing of these stones, and (4) demonstrate the magmatic complexity of Vesta, and by inference, early formed planetesimals. We identified a minimum of 21 individual lithologies represented by lithic clasts >1 mm, based on textural and geochemical analysis; however, more lithologies may be represented as comminuted mineral fragments. Large inter- and intra-sample variations exist between the howardites, with distinct diogenite:eucrite and basaltic eucrite:cumulate eucrite ratios, which may be identifiable in Dawn data. We conclude that these meteorites are fragments of the megaregolith and have the potential to represent the largest sample of the vestan surface and are therefore ideal for remote sensing calibration studies. In summary, the results from my dissertation projects are used to: (1) correlate the photometric properties of the lunar regolith to physiochemical characteristics of Apollo 17 soil samples and address outstanding science questions at the Apollo 17 landing site (e.g., characterization of impact melt from Tycho crater); and (2) assess the extent of magmatic differentiation in the vestan crust, and by inference early planetesimals. This dissertation offers new methods for investigating small-scale compositional variations on the Moon; and provides new, highly effective methods for petrologic investigations of complex samples for which only limited quantities exist (e.g., returned lunar and asteroid samples).


Asteroid fliegt an Erde vorbei - "Gefährliche Objekte kommen uns selten nahe"

Um sechs Millionen Kilometer vefehlt der Asteroid 1998 HL 1 unseren blauen Planeten. Dass Objekte aus dem Kosmos der Erde bedrohlich nahe kommen, ist nichts ungewöhnliches. Deshalb beobachten Forscher, wie zum Beispiel beim Gaia-Projekt, die Umlaufbahn von Asteroiden und anderen Himmelskörpern.

Der Artikel zum Nachlesen:

Ep. 545: Weird Issues: Are comets asteroids or are asteroids comets?

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AD Season 3 Episode 14 - MTG and D&D

Joel and Jack talk about a recent MTG Drafting tournament they attended, the follies of Asteroid Mining and Far Cry 5 In the second half we talk about DUNGEONS AND DRAGONS

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Hace alrededor de sesenta y seis millones de años, los dinosaurios tuvieron su peor día. Un devastador impacto de asteroides provocó el final de un reinado que había durado cerca de 180 millones de años. Y todo acabó, además, de forma abrupta. Una teoría defendida sobre todo por dos investigadores que, en el año 1980, […]

La entrada Cómo era el meteorito que acabó con los dinosaurios aparece primero en


The Good Dinosaur

The Good Dinosaur"The Good Dinosaur" asks the question: What if the asteroid that forever changed life on Earth missed the planet completely and giant dinosaurs never became extinct? In this epic journey into the world of dinosaurs, an Apatosaurus named Arlo makes an unlikely human friend. While traveling through a harsh and mysterious landscape, Arlo learns the power of confronting his fears and discovers what he is truly capable of.


ACROSS: 1 Cathedral, 8 Abaft, 9 Crystal, 10 Docile, 11 Adverb, 12 Asteroid, 15 Mistaken, 18 Nought, 20 Locale, 21 Aspirin, 22 Unite, 23 Pointless. DOWN: 2 Acrid, 3 Hostel, 4 Drawback, 5 Lahore, 6 Capitol, 7 Attendant, 11 Anomalous, 13 Tennyson, 14...

Debating Divestment in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences


A formal, docketed discussion as proponents of divestment intensify their campaign 

Photograph of University Hall, where the Faculty of Arts and Sciences meets

University Hall, where the Faculty of Arts and Sciences is based and holds faculty meetings
Photograph by Kris Snibbe/Harvard Public Affairs and Communications

University Hall, where the Faculty of Arts and Sciences is based and holds faculty meetings
Photograph by Kris Snibbe/Harvard Public Affairs and Communications


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Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences Divestment Debate
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This afternoon, at its regularly scheduled faculty meeting—which happened to fall on the day after President Donald Trump moved formally to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement on climate change—the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) formally docketed “a discussion of whether Harvard’s appropriate response to the global climate and ecological crisis should include financial divestment from fossil fuel interests.” The public discussion with President Lawrence S. Bacow, long sought by faculty advocates of divesting endowment assets invested in fossil-fuel production, follows an October airing of concerns about climate change (read a detailed account here)—which was on the agenda as a more general “discussion of the global climate and ecological crisis and Harvard’s appropriate response to that crisis.” (Bacow, who normally presides at FAS meetings, was absent that day, for Rosh Hashanah.)

The forum took place at a time of heightened activity by campus and community divestment advocates, including alumni pressuring the University to reveal its fossil-energy investments, if any, and to dispose of them—and an effort, announced this past Sunday, to put forth a slate of candidates for the Board of Overseers in the spring 2020 election who will advocate both divestment and changes in Harvard governance (see a separate report on these matters, to be published on November 6).

The Faculty’s Forum

Today’s discussion did not introduce a formal legislative proposal—which would, under FAS rules, have to lay over for a vote at a subsequent meeting. Instead, it provided the occasion for faculty divestment advocates to make their case, in the open, to Bacow and to former Harvard Corporation member Jessica Tuchman Mathews ’67, who was president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and was a founder of the World Resources Institute—an environmental research organization. (During Tuchman’s service on the senior governing board, from 2013 to last year, the Corporation and then-Harvard president Drew Gilpin Faust articulated their opposition to divestment. Bacow was a Corporation member then, too. Senior Fellow William F. Lee ’72, who has spoken for the Corporation in opposition to divestment, was apparently unable to attend today’s session.)

The three docketed faculty speakers, respectively, addressed the role of individual professors and the larger institution in taking on climate change; the history of Harvard’s decisions concerning its investments and public-policy questions; and the operations of the endowment itself and the financial implications of divestment.

They were followed by speakers from the floor, some of whom made further arguments for divestment, and some who forcefully objected to divestment—instead focusing on the faculty’s role in teaching and research, and likely (unintended) political perceptions of its advocacy of divestment. President Bacow then spoke about points of agreement, even though he disagreed with divestment as an action or as a “litmus test” for any person or institution.

Where speakers provided their comments in advance or after delivery, they are reproduced below as prepared for delivery. Where other faculty members spoke from the floor, FAS rules require that they consent to being associated by name with quotations from or paraphrases of their remarks within the confines of faculty meetings; that consent has been sought, and when and if it is granted, the text will be updated to associate the speakers with their remarks. [Updated November 6 at 3:40 P.M. All the speakers are now identified below,with their consent.]

The Docketed Speakers

Individual and institutional responsibility: statement of Charlie Conroy, professor of astronomy and director of graduate studies.

I am an astronomer. I spend most of my time collecting data and running computer models to understand the origin of our Galaxy. But today I speak to you as a deeply concerned member of our community.

I have grown up with the reality of what we once called global warming: rising temperatures, melting glaciers, species extinctions, destabilizing weather patterns. The consequences for humans have also been in plain view: increased occurrence of famine, droughts, and diseases, and, on the horizon, a refugee crisis unparalleled in human history. And yet, like many people I became numb to the increasingly urgent calls for action. I was busy and preoccupied with issues closer to home: raising a family, conducting research, securing tenure. I focused on small acts—recycling, commuting with public transit, eating locally grown food. What more could I do? I am after all only one person.

That thinking was wrong.

As members of the Harvard faculty we have a powerful platform to effect change. This means that we also have a responsibility to use that power in extraordinary times. And these are extraordinary times.  

As I speak California is burning. UC Santa Cruz, where I used to teach, has been subjected to forced blackouts resulting in canceled classes. Fire-related evacuations are now a routine part of life for many communities. This is the new normal. In recognition of the climate crisis, the University of California system is divesting its $13-billion endowment and its $70-billion pension fund from fossil fuels. 

The ice sheets on West Antarctica and Greenland together hold enough water to raise global sea level by 13 meters. Destabilization of these ice sheets could result in sea level rise of 2 meters by the end of this century and 6 meters by the end of the following century. With 6 meters of sea-level rise significant portions of the Harvard campus will be underwater. As will all of MIT, Fenway, and the South End. Globally the situation will be much worse: 600 million people live at an elevation within 10 meters of sea level.

We in rich countries may be able to mitigate the worst effects of climate change, though the costs may be staggering. Maybe. Maybe not. But island nations, poor countries in South Asia and elsewhere, will not have the option of buying their way out of disaster. 

The predicted short-term consequences of climate change from major organizations such as the IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] tend to be conservative. We see evidence of this every year as new reports indicate the pace of change is accelerating faster than predicted. The global climate is a complex system with multiple non-linear feedback cycles that are poorly understood. The near future could easily turn out to be much more extreme than current models predict—during the Pliocene Epoch the levels of CO2 in the atmosphere were comparable to today’s levels. During that time the Earth was 3° C warmer and global sea levels were 10-20 meters higher.

There is currently five times more fossil fuel in proven reserves than can be burnt if we are to stay within the 2°C warming scenario advocated by the UN Paris Agreement. Avoiding catastrophic changes to our world will therefore require leaving huge reserves of fossil fuel in the ground. And yet, the fossil-fuel industry continues to devote vast sums of money and resources to identifying new reserves. Despite its profession of support for the Paris Agreement, ExxonMobil has not changed its position since this agreement was signed. In 2015 ExxonMobil projected that by 2040 fossil fuels would supply over 75 percent of the world’s energy needs. In its latest projections from this year, that number has actually risen to 80 percent.   

It is simply unrealistic to expect the fossil-fuel industry to willingly walk away from so much money in the ground. As our colleague Naomi Oreskes has demonstrated through extensive scholarship [read her October statement here], the fossil-fuel industry has for decades engaged in deliberate doubt-mongering on the topic of climate change. This includes explicit undermining of public policy and indirect undermining of attempts to move to alternative energies. In light of these facts, the idea of working in collaboration with the fossil-fuel industry is dangerously naïve and counterproductive.

These extraordinary times require big ideas and bold leadership.  

The scale of the problem is so enormous that many ideas must be pursued simultaneously. We should commit to a carbon-free campus on a rapid timescale. We should incentivize reduced air travel and the use of a robust public transit system. We should encourage significant new academic and research ventures. We should engage with our community beyond Harvard. And we should divest from the fossil-fuel industry.

There are multiple reasons to support divestment. There are arguments from history and from economics that my colleagues will discuss. My perspective is this: the degree of action and change required to avoid the worst-case scenarios is far larger than anything we could hope to accomplish on our own, even as teachers and researchers. Every one of us could commit 100 percent of our time and resources to combating climate change, but that would fall far short of what is needed. This is where divestment comes in. It is an opportunity, perhaps our best opportunity, to catalyze action and change far beyond these walls. 

Imagine I came here to announce that a civilization-destroying asteroid is heading toward Earth. Would we wait to act until the probability of disaster is 100 percent? No. Would we wait to act until the impact was days or weeks away? No. Climate change is that asteroid. Its impact will be felt not instantaneously but over years, decades, and centuries. As scientists we have an obligation not only to identify and study the asteroid, but to act upon the clear and present danger it represents, and to join our colleagues in other disciplines in urging responsible action.

Harvard is in a position to lead on this issue. We have a responsibility to do so. Now is the time to act.

The Harvard historical perspective: statement of Joyce E. Chaplin, Phillips professor of early American history. (Footnotes removed from this version.)

On the question of divestment from fossil-fuel interests. Harvard’s official position has been that the endowment should not be used to make political points or influence social policy, that the University’s engagement with leaders in the fossil-fuel industry would instead be more effective. In my remarks today, I will examine Harvard’s past in order to question this position, showing that Harvard has a long history of using its reputation and resources to make points about politics and society, that there are precedents for using Harvard’s endowment to state those ethical claims, and that reluctance to do so has had the unfortunate effect of making Harvard seem indifferent to human-rights violations. 

Harvard has been raising its voice in politics and public life at least since April 3rd, 1776, when it granted an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws to General George Washington, commander of the Continental Army. Harvard thus endorsed the idea of American independence three months before delegates from Massachusetts would sign the Declaration of Independence. Harvard would gain its own independence in 1865, when selection of the Overseers would begin to be done by alumni rather than the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. From this point on, Harvard’s contributions to public life would increasingly engage the worlds beyond Massachusetts. This was notably the case for the service Harvard President James B. Conant performed for the Manhattan Project during World War II. Conant became director of the National Defense Research Committee in 1941; he estimated that, during the war, he racked up half a million miles on the train between Boston and Washington, D.C. Conant witnessed the July 16th, 1945 successful test of the first atomic bomb, “Trinity,” at Almogordo, New Mexico, reporting that “the whole sky [was] suddenly full of white light[,] like the end of the world.” 

After the war, Harvard faced new questions about its financial investments, and this is when we first see a stated policy of conservatism about the endowment—during the Civil Rights movement. In May 1964, at the start of the Mississippi Summer Project, Harvard and Radcliffe students identified Harvard as the largest shareholder in Middle South Utilities. This company owned Mississippi Power and Light, whose leadership overlapped with that of the Jackson Citizens’ Council, a white supremacist group. Students did not ask for divestment; rather, they requested that the Corporation withdraw 10 percent of its $10-million investment in Mississippi Power and Light to use as bail for students working for civil rights in Mississippi. The Corporation refused. A conflict of interest was apparent. Middle South’s second largest stockholder was Massachusetts Investor Trust; a member of the Harvard Board of Overseers, Thomas D. Cabot, served on the trust’s advisory board. In addition, Harvard’s treasurer, Paul C. Cabot, was chairman of Middle South’s third largest stockholder, State Street Investment Corporation. When Cabot retired, he was succeeded by Harvard’s deputy treasurer, George F. Bennett, also of State Street Investment. In the wake of the controversy over Harvard’s investment in Middle South Utilities, Bennett responded, “We don’t try to accomplish social purposes with our capital; we just try to put it where it will bring us the best return.”

That preference was restated several times during Derek Bok’s twenty-year term as president of Harvard. One year into Bok’s tenure, two student groups, in February 1972, demanded that the Corporation sell its 682,000 shares of stock in Gulf Oil, valued around $20 million. Gulf Oil was extracting oil from the coastline of Angola, a militarily-occupied colony of Portugal, which until 1974 was itself ruled by a dictatorship, one determined to suppress Angolan freedom fighters. But the Harvard Corporation declined either to sell its Gulf Oil stock or require the company to issue a report on its business strategies in Angola. 

This too was the response when students urged Harvard to disassociate itself from the apartheid regime in South Africa. The 1980s anti-apartheid movement focused on government sanctions of the country and non-governmental divestment from commercial and financial interests in South Africa. Harvard’s disinclination to divest was, in this instance, technically political, because it could have been read as criticism of U.S. leadership—President Ronald Reagan opposed sanctions. The Reaganite alternative was “constructive engagement” with the apartheid regime and with South African businesses, to persuade government and business leaders to abandon racist policies; Harvard likewise advocated constructive engagement. Of course, this position of not divesting was no less political than making any decision to divest. Only when it became clear, by 1985, that Reagan’s policy against sanctions was losing support did Harvard begin to divest from its financial connections to South Africa. By 1988, formal U.S. policy no longer endorsed unilateral engagement with the apartheid regime; it was considered irrelevant, if not bankrupt, as a political strategy. The 2009 comprehensive history of The Rise and Fall of Apartheid, peer-reviewed, published by a university press, does not even list “constructive engagement” or its Reagan-era architect in the book’s index. 

The position that the Harvard endowment should not be used to address social problems has, in any case, never been consistent. In 1970, a Harvard Committee on University Relations with Corporate Enterprise issued a statement that ethics should influence investment, specifically naming alcohol and tobacco as questionable sources of profit. During the controversy over Angola, President Bok set up two deliberative committees: a Harvard Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (CCSR) and an Advisory Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (ACSR) composed of alumni, faculty, and students. Perhaps unexpectedly, the CCSR proved to be somewhat critical of anti-divestment and the ACSR in 1984 voted for total divestment. 

And in the case of one industry, divestment became Harvard’s policy. In 1990, Harvard sold off its last (direct) stock in tobacco companies. “This decision was motivated by the University's belief that in this case it would be unable, as a continuing shareholder, to influence the policy of the companies in regard to the marketing practices mentioned above, and by the desire not to be associated as a shareholder with companies engaged in significant sales of products that create a substantial and unjustified risk of harm to human health.” 

If the official position of the President and Fellows of Harvard College is still that Harvard’s endowment should not be used for political or social purposes, that engagement with the fossil-fuel industries is instead preferable, I think we must ask: why? Why should a position tarnished through association with racism be acceptable as a response to the climate crisis, arguably the greatest threat to human rights today? Why should “engagement,” highly questionable during the 1980s argument over apartheid, now be regarded as an effective way to handle an industry we know to be perfidious? The World Health Organization and Harvard physicians warn that the climate crisis is already generating threats to global public health, threats that will eventually be enormous—why are these of less concern than those posed by big tobacco? In 1945, Harvard’s president saw his work on atomic weapons culminate in a light so bright it seemed to signify the end of the world. In 2019, science has shone enough light on climate change for all of us to see that it might end the world as we know it. This danger demands that we end our complicity with the industries that deny their responsibility in creating our current state of emergency.

 •Financial and investment perspective: statement of Stephen A. Marglin, Barker professor of economics. (References removed from this version.)

I must first report a failure. I do not have the information I need to speak in any detail about the Harvard endowment. Not for lack of trying. After some delay, which I mistakenly, perhaps naively, took as a positive sign, I was directed to the annual financial report and SEC filings. Practically useless.  

Absent this information, what is there to say? Turns out quite a lot. I used to caution against thinking that divestment would have a direct effect on the fossil-fuel industry by denying capital for expansion. No, the shares in ExxonMobil that Harvard sold would be purchased by some other investor. No impact on ExxonMobil.  

I’m no longer sure that it’s a fallacy to argue that our endowment directly provides capital to the fossil-fuel industry. One of the things I did learn from this year’s financial report is that over 50 percent of the endowment is invested in hedge funds and private equity. We simply do not know how much capital Harvard is providing for the expansion of the fossil-fuel industry through these vehicles. We do know, thanks to Bill McKibben [’82, a prominent climate-change and divestment activist], that providing finance for the industry is a thriving business, even as it puts the planet in jeopardy: one bank, Chase, has reportedly committed a hundred and ninety-six billion dollars in financing for the fossil-fuel industry in the three years after the Paris Agreement was signed.

How much has Harvard committed? The Administration won’t tell us.

Not that the information about current holdings and past returns is dispositive. But knowing the extent of our commitment to fossil-fuel investment would at least provide context for an intelligent discussion.

There are a small number of studies on the financial costs of divesting. Not surprisingly—this being economics after all—the conclusions differ. Two studies argue that divestment would have major effects on the financial performance of investment funds, one suggesting that the Harvard endowment in particular would be 16 percent smaller after 50 years if we divested our holdings in fossil-fuels.

These studies suffer from two defects. First, the argument rests on the superior performance of energy stocks during one particular decade. Between 2003 and 2012, ExxonMobil stock rose at double the rate of the stock-market average, from $35 per share in the first week of 2003 to $89 in the last week of 2012. The second defect—make of it what you will—was that both these studies were financed, as the authors acknowledge, by the Independent Petroleum Association of America.

Other studies, I read four, find no adverse effects of divestment. The risk-adjusted performance of portfolios with and without fossil-fuel stocks are virtually identical over long periods.

But all these studies look at publicly traded stocks, and only one-quarter of our endowment is invested this way. In any case, one thing we know for sure: the past is not going to be a very good guide to the future. Unless you’re Donald Trump, climate change is real.  

And so, looking ahead into the not-too-distant future, are the financial risks of investing in fossil fuels. The major risk is stranded assets, oil, gas, and coal that must be left in the ground if we are to limit global warming to the 1.5° Celsius target that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change now recommends.    

Not a problem for ExxonMobil. As Professor Conroy pointed out, ExxonMobil has upped the ante: in 2014, it was projecting that over 75 percent of the world’s energy would come from fossil fuels in 2040; in its most recent projections, the 2040 percentage for fossil fuels is 80 percent. No peak oil, no stranded assets. The oil companies, professing allegiance to the Paris Agreement and even to the IPCC’s revised targets, are like St. Augustine: give us renewable energy, only not yet. 

Stranded assets are not the only problem. ExxonMobil is in court right now defending against charges brought by the Attorney General of New York that “the company lied to shareholders and to the public about the costs and consequences of climate change.” Litigation is an increasing worry and now appears among the risk factors major oil companies acknowledge. 

A third risk, believe it or not, is the divestment movement itself.  Listen to Shell Oil:

“Additionally, some groups are pressuring certain investors to divest their investments in fossil-fuel companies. If this were to continue, it could have a material adverse effect on the price of our securities and our ability to access equity capital markets.”

Whom are we to believe? Well, institutions with assets totaling $11.5 trillion have divested at least partially. Yes, their motives are complicated, but financial motives are playing an increasing role. The University of California is divesting fossil-fuel investments from both its $13-billion endowment and its $70-billion pension fund. The Chair of the Board of Regents investment committee and UC’s chief investment officer could not be clearer:

“We believe hanging on to fossil fuel assets is a financial risk….

“We [are placing] our bets that clean energy will fuel the world’s future. That means we believe there is money to be made. We have chosen to invest for a better planet, and reap the financial rewards for UC.”

Can a clever (or lucky) investor make money for the University even if the fossil-fuel industry is going down the tubes? You bet. If you’d bought ExxonMobil at the end of 2018 and sold it in April of this year you would have made 20 percent on your investment. Can a clever investor consistently make money out of special situations? That’s more doubtful. And these clever investors don’t come cheap. Perhaps this is why the University of California has decided to go down a fossil-fuel-free path.

Our endowment managers already screen potential investments in terms of environmental effects, social effects, and corporate governance (ESG for short). The website of the Harvard Management Company, the guardians of our endowment, even recognizes the particular relevance of these factors in assessing the impact of climate change ( HMC’s senior vice president for sustainability, Michael Cappucci, has argued convincingly that ESG is not for the fainthearted. The worst results come from a half-way commitment. 

Here is a simple screening device that will strengthen our commitment to ESG and bring HMC into line with what hopefully, sooner rather than later, will become standard practice for institutions like ours: Is this investment contributing to the solution of global climate change? Extra points. Or is it part of the problem? No way. Fossil fuels are rightly an endangered species. No prudent investor would choose to be the last hold-out.

In the end financial considerations will take us only so far. One consequence of the Jeffrey Epstein scandal is that both President Bacow and Provost Garber have expressed the need to rethink our policy about donations. Epstein’s crime was to sexually abuse teen-aged girls. He has been credibly accused of rape. I expect we will end up with a policy of screening donations on the basis of the character of the donor. President Bacow, ExxonMobil has been credibly accused of raping the planet and lying about it to boot. Are we really any less culpable accepting the poisoned fruit of fossil-fuel investments than accepting the tainted money of the ilk of Jeffrey Epstein?

Comments from the Floor

Following these docketed statements, other speakers joined the discussion.

[Updated November 5, 2019, 8:00 p.m., to identify the speaker.] Hooper professor of geology Daniel P. Schrag—who is also professor of environmental science and engineering and  director of the Harvard University Center for the Environment—said he was “very impressed and heartened” by the discussions in October and today, given the importance of climate change—the greatest challenge human society has ever faced—and the difficulties it presents as a “global collective-action problem” of the sort humans find it hard to solve, and as a problem on “really long time scales,” extending thousands and even tens of thousands of years. Very long time scales also characterize the necessary changes in the energy system, given the enormous capital investment and infrastructure involved. 

In that light, he continued, despite envisioning a huge role for Harvard to play, he opposed divestment. Even though climate change poses moral issues, there are real differences surrounding divesting, and the problem does not fall solely on the endowment managers. Rather, Harvard and the FAS have to contribute via “the education we give our students and the research we do in every field.” Symbolic actions can have a value, but they are problematic when they supercede actions needed to effect change. He recalled proposing a major initiative on climate and energy at the outset of The Harvard Campaign; despite decanal and faculty enthusiasm, President Faust declined to pursue it, and instead initiated a grant-making presidential climate-solutions fund: worthwhile, but, funded at $8 million, an “embarrassing” level of commitment relative to the problem. Given the recent $750-million gift to Caltech for climate research, a larger, broader institution like Harvard ought to aim even higher. It was laudable for Harvard to stress its internal greenhouse-gas-reduction goals, but again, those efforts are symbolic, when “by far the biggest way we will impact the future of our climate” is through research and teaching.

He applauded the passion and engagement of student advocates of divestment. But he still felt the “obligation to do our central task first,” in the classroom and laboratories. He hoped that faculty members from across the University, and in every FAS discipline, would engage in efforts to conduct research and teaching on climate change on a major scale, and that deans and the president and provost would support that.

•An economist’s political perspective on the perils of divestment: statement of James H. Stock, Burbank professor of political economy.

In 2013-14, I served as a Member of the Council of Economic Advisors under President Obama. My portfolio included energy, environment, and climate. I was the chief economist in the White House working on the Clean Power Plan, our regulation for reducing CO2 emissions from the power sector. I also led the process that led to the moratorium on new leases under the Federal coal program. Although I had worked on climate issues as a secondary interest prior to my time in D.C., since returning to Harvard, climate economics and policy have been the main focus of my research and public engagement. Disclosure: I take no financial support from the fossil-fuel industry.

Putting aside direct financial market effects, divesting sends a message. My worry is that the message, intended or not, is one of moral superiority. We would send that message not just to the oil executives who spent $30 million to defeat a carbon tax in Washington state, but to the oil roughneck in west Texas, the refinery worker in Louisiana, the long-haul trucker, and the coal miner in Gillette, Wyoming. Those workers are not morally flawed by virtue of their working in the fossil-fuel industry. But how could they interpret Harvard’s divestment as other than yet another criticism by liberal elites of the honest way of life they adopted to earn a living and support their families? 

This summer, I testified in Congress on the Federal Coal program. The hearing occurred a week after a coal company, Blackjewel, unexpectedly declared bankruptcy and closed two mines near Gillette. Wyoming’s representative, Liz Cheney, who is on the committee, lit in to me. I quote: 

“Our communities and our families are feeling and facing real pain. We have had 700 people laid off, and the idea that that pain would be used by witnesses in this committee to somehow suggest that we ought to pursue an anti-coal endeavor to me is really offensive.”

She continued in this vein. Representative Cheney’s comments built on a narrative of climate action being something coastal elites do at the expense of everyday Americans. Harvard’s divestment would play into that narrative.

Decarbonizing the economy is a problem we must solve. But if the solution is to be durable, we need to solve it together as a nation. This issue is too important to be driving wedges.

What should Harvard do? In brief: Invest, not divest. Invest in teaching and research in climate technology and policy. These are things we do well but insufficiently, and here, Harvard can do much more. 

•A counter-divestment argument, on FAS’s academic mission: statement of Harry R. Lewis, Gordon McKay professor of computer science

I am Harry Lewis, Gordon McKay professor of computer science, and I should like to speak against the push for divestment from fossil fuels. 

Let me begin by agreeing with the colleagues who have docketed this discussion that climate change is the great existential threat of our times. The question is what Harvard should do about it. Of course, Harvard can do more than one thing, but as we are an institution devoted to teaching and research, those are the weapons we are best positioned to marshal in the fight. And teaching in particular is the thing that this Faculty, acting as a body, can decide to do. Our undergraduates disproportionately go on to influence the future of the world in industry, the professions, and public service. We could shape our curriculum so that Harvard undergraduates will leave here understanding the nature of the threat and their agency to do something about it. I know that many individual faculty members have, to their credit, stressed environmental issues in their own teaching. But we are now being asked to act as a body to pressure the Corporation for divestment, when we have taken no comparable action as a body to better educate our students. 

For this Faculty as a body to alter our education requires no petition to the Corporation or permission from any dean or president. Someone could put a curricular motion on the table and we could vote on it. If we wanted to make it happen, it would happen, whether the Corporation liked it or not. We could make a requirement, or we could fashion a more creative educational strategy. But mainly I wish that my colleagues had asked us to make a commitment as a body to do something that is actually within our competence and power to do, before asking us to tell the Corporation how it should run the endowment. Rather than piling up educational requirements, we might even decide that learning about climate change is more important than the least important of the many other things we already expect of our students.

As for divestment now. I took some pains a moment ago to name the donor of my chair, to make the point that Harvard can do good works with tainted money. If you do not know the tale of Gordon McKay, I invite you to read the Vita I wrote about him for Harvard Magazine a few years ago. He would be a pariah today, but I don’t think that has diminished the good that has come from his endowment. 

Now I have no opinion about whether Harvard should or should not be invested in anything. The job of the endowment managers is to preserve and increase Harvard’s endowment, so that we faculty can do our good works and our students can reap the benefit. Our job is advancing society through teaching and learning. 

Universities are the kidneys of society. The main thing you want from kidneys is to produce pure output, whether or not the inflow is dirty. It is odd that we regularly try to seize the moral high ground by discussing divestment from something or other that is considered impure, but we rarely talk about whether our own work advances society or not. It is no breach of academic freedom to seek answers to that question. All it requires is a willingness to be as critical of ourselves as we are of the Corporation and its investments.

At the last meeting Professor [Edward] Hall correctly described fossil-fuel divestment as a political statement, one that would not exert financial leverage on the fossil-fuel industry. Indeed, selling supply-side stocks to someone else and leaving all the demand-side stocks in our portfolio—airlines, trucking companies, Amazon, the meat industry—seems to me pointlessly self-gratifying. Really, divestment votes are a waste of time. The country’s two largest pension funds, which are many times the size of the Harvard endowment, divested from gun stocks after the Sandy Hook massacre, but there’s no evidence that did anything to solve our horrible gun problem. But they resisted pressure to divest from stores selling guns, and because they had a seat at the table as shareholders, they helped get some of those companies to change their practices.

One of the things about political statements is that they tend to be welcomed by people who don’t need convincing and to do little to persuade skeptics. They are divisive, when academia more than ever needs friends and allies today. Universities make too many political statements already, and such empty declarations increase skepticism about whether we are really in the business of truth as we claim to be or are now just one more politicized American institution.

What we as a Faculty should instead do to impact the climate, it seems to me, is to use as much money as Harvard can make available to us to fight the needed scientific, technical, economic, civic, and social fights. If some of the money we use to do that comes from the fossil-fuel industries themselves, the joke will be on them.  We should accept the profits and use them to help save the planet in the ways we are professionally competent—and powerfully positioned—to do.

[Updated November 6 at 3:40 p.m., to identify the speaker.] Steven C. Wofsy, Rotch professor of atmospheric and environmental science,  rose to say that although he had until recently opposed divestment, the  gutting of the Clean Power Plan and the CAFE standards [for automobile and truck energy efficiency], at the behest of the fossil-fuel industry, had led him to change his mind. Making money from fossil-fuel investments, he now thought, was equivalent to profiting from tobacco.

•Climate change and core values of diversity and inclusion: statement of Scott V. Edwards, professor of organismic and evolutionary biology (OEB). [Editor’s note: Professor Edwards is a member of the Board of Directors of Harvard Magazine Inc.]

As an ornithologist, my research and teaching have both involved climate change as a core driver of evolutionary and ecological change. As [Agassiz professor of zoology] Jim Hanken pointed out at our last faculty meeting, zoology classes at Harvard have been, by necessity, intensely focused on the consequences of climate change for various animal groups. For example, for decades ornithologists have quantified the extent to which climate change has altered the timing and geography of migration, often with detrimental effects on the species in question, especially when arrival times in spring are driven out of sync with the emergence of insect and other prey. The effect of climate change on animal populations is a core issue that few classes in OEB can avoid. To the extent that climate change erodes the very populations that we study in our research, our research itself will suffer and become uprooted.

But today I’d like to draw your attention to a different link between climate change and our core values as a faculty. Specifically I’d like to argue for an important link between Harvard’s approach to climate change and our approach to diversity and inclusion. I just returned from the annual meeting of the Society for the Advancement of Chicano and Native American Scientists, or SACNAS, one of whose themes this year was climate change. SACNAS is the largest and most diverse national gathering of students and faculty in STEM [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics] and is a fertile arena for dialogues between indigenous communities of scientists and educators. Climate change has been at the center of discussions at SACNAS for years, and we have heard heartrending stories of environmental degradation from diverse indigenous peoples, naturally the first to experience our rapidly changing environment. This year, the keynote speaker at SACNAS was Hilda Heine, the president of the Marshall Islands, a Pacific island nation whose very future depends on the ability of developed nations like ours to curtail their production of greenhouse gases. In graphic detail, President Heine reminded the audience of 5,000 undergraduates of the horrific deployment of hydrogen bombs and multiple nuclear tests by the U.S. government in the post-World War II years—a typical —I repeat, typical—example of the disregard of the U.S. government for the plight of voices perceived to be weak and marginalized. In our comfort as a developed nation, with no end to technologies and quick fixes that buffer us from the negative consequences of climate change, it’s all too easy for us to forget that many people around the globe are orders of magnitude more sensitive to climate change than we are. As a country, and, I daresay, as a University, we are literally contributing to the genocide of indigenous populations through our unwillingness to address the sources of climate change. I believe that, as a University, a failure to divest from companies grossly contributing to the problem of climate change is tantamount to contributing to this genocide and to ignoring the voices of diverse indigenous populations around the globe. How can we, as a University, claim to hold the values of diversity and inclusion to heart, when our actions disproportionately affect those already marginalized on the global stage?

[Updated November 6, 7:55 a.m., to identify the speaker and provide a fuller account of his remarks; this paragraph replaces the prior summary sentence on those remarks.] Timken University Professor Irwin I. Shapiro rose to observe that, although it may be hopelessly idealistic, he thought Harvard should consider taking the lead to help solve this clearly world problem of climate change through initiating the organizing of the universities of this country, if not of the world, to develop an approach to the scientific, political, economic, etc., means to solve the problem. That coalition then could be used to pressure the governments of the different countries to support this approach, perhaps with modifications.  This approach would likely involve both cooperation and competition of universities, and other entities, in solving specific parts of the overall problem. 

President Bacow Responds

President Bacow said these issues would be revisited at the next faculty meeting, and that the comments aired today would be taken back to the Corporation. In reflecting on the statements made, he said, “I think it’s important for us to focus not on points of disagreement but on points of agreement”—namely, that climate change is real, threatening, and demands action. “Whatever people may believe about divestment,” he continued, “we all need to agree that as a faculty, we need to confront this issue through our scholarship and teaching,” and through the actions of each individual.

He was troubled, he said, that divestment was seen as a “litmus test,” a sign of whether an individual or an institution cared about climate change. “I do,” he emphasized, recalling his scholarly career in environmental science at MIT (read background here). “I don’t need to be persuaded” that climate change is an urgent problem. So, he said, he agreed with many speakers on many things, even though he might disagree on what is the most effective action.

Turning to divestment per se, he recalled Professor Hall’s statement at the October faculty meeting, where he characterized divestment as a “political statement”—as it indeed is, Bacow said. “But we need to be modest about our capacity to improve the world merely by making political statements.” As Professor Stock had noted, this is an elite institution; many people regard it skeptically, even with mistrust, Bacow continued: “We don’t want to make it harder to solve this problem. We want to make it easier.” He noted that he was supporting research within FAS on how to support parts of the United States where people might lose from changes necessary to adapt to climate change (an example of how to proceed productively).

He also said that he would not defend the conduct of all companies, but noted, “We paint with a very broad brush” if we believe that all companies act in the same ways. Some energy companies, he noted, are trying to be carbon-neutral. They deserve constructive engagement, rather than being labeled as morally repugnant.

Harvard did divest from tobacco investments, he noted: tobacco has no social utility, it is dangerous, and owning tobacco securities was repugnant. But at the same time, Harvard banned sale of tobacco on campus, banned consumption on campus, and prohibited research funded by tobacco interests. The “day after” divesting from fossil-fuel enterprises, he said, “We would still have to turn on the lights, we would still have to heat our buildings,” and many faculty members would still get on airplanes. “We cannot wash our hands of this problem.”

Accordingly, it was urgent for an institution like Harvard to research how to lessen demand for fossil fuels, to explore and teach about new clean-energy technologies, sustainability, and the policies that would bring them into effect. Given the scope of the changes required, he said, the role of government and policy in changing behavior on a wide scale was key.

He pointed to a handout on Harvard Management Company’s engagements on sustainable investment, and urged the faculty members to read it. Were the University to divest, he said, those engagements would cease at once—something he thought faculty members ought to inform themselves about.

In any event, he said, the discussion would continue. Apart from, or beyond, divestment, a Corporation decision, he focused on the point Professor Lewis made: “What is it that as a faculty we want to do? What do you want to do,” as teaching faculty members, “with no permission from anyone”—in scholarship, teaching, and the way FAS members conduct their lives, demonstrating the power of their conviction to their students?

With that, he deemed the meeting useful and productive, and thanked all for taking part.


Harvard Faculty Divestment Debate
Online Only


Лучшая цена на Поворотное и НАКЛОННОЕ Автокресло isofix Евростандарт

В наличии универсальное автокресло CARRELLO Asteroid CRL-12801 - отличный выбор для вашего ребенка от рождения и до подросткового возраста. Оно имеет стильный дизайн и легко устанавливается в автомобиле с помощью ремня безопасности или системы Isofix по ходу или против движения автомобиля. Для маленьких детей рекомендованы поездки спиной к дороге. Можно установить оптимальный наклон спинки. Лицом к дороге рекомендованы поездки для детей старшего возраста. Переустановить положение кресла очень легко, для этого достаточно лишь вращать его на своем основании. Переключатель расположен на удобной панели, которая находится у основания. При изготовлении кресла CARRELLO Asteroid CRL-12801 производитель сочетает современные технологии, качественные и надежные материалы. А мягкий чехол не вызовет аллергии и неприятных ощущений при контакте с кожей ребенка. Также он легко снимается и очищается. Для самых маленьких детей предусмотрен мягкий вкладыш, его рекомендовано использовать от рождения до возраста 6 месяцев. Чтобы ребенка было удобно усаживать, кресло CARRELLO Asteroid CRL-12801 поворачивается на 90 градусов, но передвижение в автомобиле в таком положении запрещено. Автомобильное кресло выполнено в соответствии с Европейскими стандартами безопасности ЕСЕ R44/04 Жмите на "Другие объявления автора" - там много суперовых товаров для детей по крутым ценам! Характеристики товара: Тип Автокресло Группа 0-I-II-III Вес от 0 до 36 кг Возраст от 0 до 12 лет Ремни кресла 5-ти точечный ремень Крепление в машине 3-х точечный ремень автомобиля, ISOFIX Подголовник регулируемый, мягкая вкладка под голову Боковая поддержка есть Положение отдыха/сна есть/есть Съемная обивка есть ДОСТАВКА Новой Почтой 1-2 дня. То есть Вы можете получить товар уже завтра-послезавтра, если оформить заказ сейчас. ОТПРАВКА делается на следущий день, без получения от покупателей предоплаты. Все абсолютно честно. Звоните) В наличии на складе есть ОГРОМНОЕ количество разных моделей и расцветок. Самые ходовые разбираются быстро. Заказывайте сейчас, чтобы уже завтра получить понравившийся Вам товар. *** Подробнее на сайте - Игорь - 0661512008

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Event Update For 2019-11-04


The seas, lakes and oceans are now pluming deadly hydrogen sulfide and suffocating methane. Hydrogen sulfide is a highly toxic water-soluble heavier-than-air gas and will accumulate in low-lying areas. Methane is slightly more buoyant than normal air and so will be all around, but will tend to contaminate our atmosphere from the top down. These gases are sickening and killing oxygen-using life all around the world, including human life, as our atmosphere is increasingly poisoned. Because both gases are highly flammable and because our entire civilization is built around fire and flammable fuels, this is leading to more fires and explosions. This is an extinction level event and will likely decimate both the biosphere and human population and it is debatable whether humankind can survive this event.

A. More fires and more explosions, especially along the coasts, but everywhere generally.
B. Many more animal die-offs, of all kinds, and especially oceanic species.
C. More multiples of people will be found dead in their homes, as if they'd dropped dead.
D. More corpses found in low-lying areas, all over the world.
E. More unusual vehicular accidents.
F. Improved unemployment numbers as people die off.

Category: Fires And Explosions

2019-11-04 - Car goes up in flames at 7:10 AM and kills person near Salthouse Mills Industrial Estate in coastal Barrow-in-Furness (Britain):

Note: Here's a Google Maps link of the area...

2019-11-04 - Mysterious explosion shakes homes in Athens (Oregon):

2019-11-04 - Passenger plane hit by smoke, plane makes emergency landing at Logan Airport in coastal Boston (Massachusetts):

Quote: "The airline said flight attendants noticed some hazy smoke in the cockpit of Flight 6092, so the Embraer 175 aircraft turned back."

2019-11-04 - Passenger plane hit by smoke, plane makes emergency landing in coastal Newark (New Jersey):

Quote: "'The crew returned to Newark after it declared an emergency due to a report of smoke in the cockpit. No injuries were reported,' the FAA said in a statement."

Note: These are the 139th and 140th aircraft to smoke/burn/explode in 2019...

2019-11-04 - Electrical substation damaged by fire in Kettering (Ohio):

2019-11-04 - Steel recycling center goes up in flames in Lockwood (Montana):

Quote: "A fire at the Pacific Steel and Recycling facility in Lockwood on Monday afternoon torched a building and specialized equipment, likely causing more than $1 million in damage."

Quote: "The main part of the fire appears to have been in a part of the facility for sorting metal, Staley said."

2019-11-04 - Landfill fire breaks out on Kiefer Boulevard in Sacramento (California):

2019-11-04 - Recycling plant fire breaks out on Imeson Road in coastal Jacksonville (Florida):

2019-11-04 - Brush fire breaks out and threatens Spring Creek Elementary School in Edmond (Oklahoma):

2019-11-04 - Barge explodes and burns on the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal in Lemont (Illinois):

2019-11-04 - Boat bursts into flame in coastal Besiktas (Turkey):

Note: These are the 910th and 911th boats/ships to burn/explode in 2019...

2019-11-04 - Passenger bus bursts into flame on I-275 in coastal Tampa (Florida):

Note: This is the 539th bus to burn in 2019...

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame in the wee hours on State Road 429 in Orange County (Florida):

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame on Highway 1 near coastal Santa Cruz (California):

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame on I-15 near Malad (Idaho):

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame at feed store on Sainte Genevieve Avenue in Farmington (Missouri):

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame on I-78 near Hellertown (Pennsylvania):

Quote: "All lanes of Interstate 78 are reopened near the Hellertown exit after an earlier tractor-trailer fire in the westbound lanes, according to reports."

2019-11-04 - Tractor bursts into flame on Benhar Road near Balclutha (New Zealand):

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame on the B6050 in Eastmoor (Britain):

2019-11-04 - Tractor bursts into flame in Venn Ottery, Devon (Britain):

Note: These are the 1937th, 1938th, 1939th, 1940th, 1941st, 1942nd, 1943rd and 1944th tractors/tankers/semis to burn/explode in 2019...

2019-11-04 - Garbage truck bursts into flame on M-60 just west of Reynolds Road in Spring Arbor Township (Michigan):

2019-11-04 - Heavy truck bursts into flame on the M5 near Clevedon (Britain):

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame while parked at home, fire spreads to home, on Edgemont Drive in Huntsville (Alabama):

Quote: "Huntsville firefighters responded to a structure fire on Edgemont Drive Monday afternoon. The fire started inside of a parked car. The cause of the fire is not known at this time."

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame on street, man jumps out, in Hanover (Massachusetts):

Quote: "A little after 2:00 PM, a man was driving a car that caught fire and wouldn’t stop, forcing him to jump from the moving vehicle."

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame on State Highway 1 in coastal Auckland (New Zealand):

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame on the Staten Island Expressway on coastal Staten Island (New York):

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame near Scheels Arena in Fargo (North Dakota):

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame on street in Salobreña (Spain), near the coast:

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame on the A9 between Meallmore and Fort Augustus (Scotland):

2019-11-04 - Two cars destroyed by fire while parked at office building in coastal London (Britain):

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame in carpark on North Road in coastal Ellesmere Port (Britain):

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame on the M27 near Eastleigh (Britain):

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame at 12:42 AM on Capenhurst Lane in Great Sutton (Britain):

2019-11-04 - SUV and garage destroyed by fire at home on Washington Avenue in American Fork (Utah), near Utah Lake:

2019-11-04 - Car and two homes destroyed by fire near Lake Arrowhead (California):

Quote: "Video from the scene showed one cascading hillside home completely ablaze, with even a sedan parked in the driveway being consumed. The second house was burning just as badly, with tall columns of bright flames protruding from windows and doorways."

2019-11-04 - SUV and garage destroyed by fire, fire spreads to home, in Blairstown Township (New Jersey):

Quote: "A fire that is believed to have started in an attached garage, where it destroyed a vehicle, spread to a home Monday night in Blairstown Township, an official reports."

2019-11-04 - Auto shop destroyed by fire on Desoto Road in coastal Baltimore (Maryland):

2019-11-04 - Barn destroyed by fire just before 5 AM in Olmsted County (Minnesota), nobody there:

2019-11-04 - Barn and hay destroyed by fire on Sikes Mill Road in Monroe (North Carolina):

2019-11-04 - Warehouse destroyed by fire on Dermody Way in Sparks (Nevada):

2019-11-04 - Country club heavily damaged by fire on Dogwood Trail in Kettering (Ohio):

2019-11-04 - Factory destroyed by fire at 2:30 AM in Delhi (India):

2019-11-04 - Home heavily damaged by fire on River Road in Henrico County (Virginia), 1 injured:

2019-11-04 - Home heavily damaged by fire on Elk Avenue in Stonewood (West Virginia), 1 injured:

2019-11-04 - Home heavily damaged by fire on South Preston Street in Smoketown area in Louisville (Kentucky):

2019-11-04 - Home heavily damaged by garage fire on Marshall Street in Tolono (Illinois):

2019-11-04 - Home heavily damaged by fire in Salt Lake City (Utah):

2019-11-04 - Home heavily damaged by fire in Oklahoma City (Oklahoma), nobody there:

2019-11-04 - Home destroyed by fire at 2 AM in Choctaw (Oklahoma):

2019-11-04 - Duplex damaged by fire on Princeton Avenue in Palmerton (Pennsylvania):

2019-11-04 - Duplex heavily damaged by fire on Pineland Avenue in Madison (North Carolina):

2019-11-04 - High-rise apartment building damaged by fire on West 240th Street in coastal Bronx (New York), 5 injured:

2019-11-04 - Deadly fire burns home on Polk Street in Parkersburg (West Virginia), 1500 feet from the Little Kanawha River:

2019-11-04 - Deadly fire burns home on West Longwood Place in Detroit (Michigan), 1 killed:

2019-11-04 - Deadly fire burns home in Spencer (Iowa), 1 killed:

2019-11-04 - Vacant home burns at 1:40 AM in Omaha (Nebraska):

2019-11-04 - Vacant riverside commercial building burns at 4:45 AM on the Hudson River in Troy (New York):

Quote: "The building had been part of the long-shuttered Riverside Club, a social club and marina that opened in 1894, according to City Historian Kathy Sheehan. Decades later, the Freihofer Co. used some of the buildings for offices, she said."

2019-11-04 - Vacant school building destroyed by fire at 4 AM on Broad Street in coastal Portsmouth (Virginia):

2019-11-04 - Many fish found dead in canal on coastal Marco Island (Florida):

2019-11-04 - Boy, 2, has 'medical emergency' at home and dies in Palatine (Illinois):

2019-11-04 - Man, 63, dies on passenger train at train station in coastal Manhattan (New York):

Quote: "A man on a rush-hour train headed to New Jersey died after possibly suffering a heart attack, despite a doctor’s best efforts to revive him. NJ Transit train No. 3363, on the North Jersey Coast Line route, was loading passengers at New York Penn Station Monday evening when the medical incident occurred, the agency said in a statement."

2019-11-04 - Person found dead in the Christina River in Wilmington (Delaware):

2019-11-04 - Man, 59, found dead at home on Richard Street in Jacksonville (Illinois):

2019-11-04 - Climber, man, has 'medical emergency' at climbing competition, dies shortly later, in Calgary (Canada):

Quote: "Alberta climber Lucas Chabot has died in a Calgary hospital after suffering from a medical emergency during a competition in the city on Sunday. Climbers nearby said that Chabot had been climbing in the qualifications round, but was not on the wall or climbing when he passed out."

2019-11-04 - Person found dead on trail in park in Petawawa (Canada):

2019-11-04 - Man, 56, found dead in pond in Chanthaburi (Thailand):

2019-11-04 - Man in his 60s found dead in dam reservoir outside Potchefstroom (South Africa):

2019-11-04 - Woman found dead on the banks of canal in Manipur (India):

2019-11-04 - Man has 'medical emergency' while operating crane, crane drops load, in Ottawa (Canada):

Quote: "'Ottawa Fire Services was notified that a crane operator suffered a medical emergency while in the operator’s box, rendering him unable to operate the crane,' said an update from the fire department on Monday evening."

2019-11-04 - Man has 'medical event', pickup truck crashes into home, in Langford area in coastal Victoria (Canada), 1 injured:

Quote: "The driver of the vehicle suffered a medical event and crashed at 2744 Sooke Road. He was taken to hospital with undetermined injuries."

2019-11-04 - Small plane crashes into cemetery in coastal New Bedford (Massachusetts), 1 killed:

2019-11-04 - Small plane makes emergency landing on beach at coastal Point Lookout on Long Island (New York), engine failure:

2019-11-04 - Gyrocopter crashes into field in Polk County (Georgia), 1 killed:

2019-11-04 - Passenger bus plunges into valley near coastal Mumbai (India), 5 killed, 40 injured:

2019-11-04 - Tanker truck overturns at 3:30 AM on Broad Street in Summit (New Jersey):

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer overturns at 4:30 AM on the 210 Freeway in Claremont (California):

2019-11-04 - Cement truck veers off road, crashes into Buttle Lake, near Lupin Falls (Canada), 1 killed:

2019-11-04 - Pickup truck veers off road, slowly crashes into tree, in Champion (North Carolina), 1 killed:

Quote: "Damage was minimal because the vehicle was going at a very slow speed at the time of the wreck. An autopsy is being performed at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem to determine whether or not Stanley was suffering from a medical event at the time of his death, Aldridge said."

2019-11-04 - Car veers off road and overturns, bursts into flame, in McCone County (Montana), 1 killed, 2 injured:

2019-11-04 - Car veers off road, crashes into tree, bursts into flame, on Brookside Road in Mount Olive (Alabama), 1 killed:

2019-11-04 - Woman's pit bulls attack and kill her at home on Westshore Drive in Bay City (Michigan):

2019-11-04 - Woman, 70, has 'medical emergency' in swimming pool and almost dies at YMCA in Edina (Minnesota):

Quote: "According to YMCA spokesperson Joan Schimml, a 70-year-old woman was rescued after experiencing a medical emergency in the pool at the YMCA Southdale."

2019-11-04 - Toxic blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) hits Thetis Lake (Canada):

2019-11-04 - Hailstorm pounds crops in the Riverland area in South Australia (Australia):

2019-11-04 - Heavy rain and flooding hit Liguria (Italy), 2 inches of rain in 1 hour:

2019-11-04 - Severe drought affects over 1 million people in east China:

2019-11-04 - Chelyabinsk-sized asteroid skims Earth, third close fly-by in 5 days:

2019-11-04 - Lead in some Canadian water worse than the lead-infused water in Flint (Michigan):

2019-11-04 - Farm bankruptcies spike 24% in the US:

2019-11-04 - The ‘mother of all bubbles’ could blow up the economy if profits don’t improve, warns Blackstone strategist:

2019-11-04 - There's something strange going on inside Neptune:


Space Rescue

Space Rescue

Space Rescue

Fly your spaceship as you rescue creatures and grab crystals. Blast asteroids and don't crash!

Control 1: Mouse to turn
Mouse click to shoot
A to move forward
Z to reverse
Control 2: Arrow keys to move
Space bar to shoot


Click here to view Flash content.


SPACE SUSTAINABILITY RNF - "ኣብ ወርሒ ሓጺን ዝዕደነሉ፡ ኣብ ጠፈር መግቢ ዝፈርየሉ እዋን ርሑቕ ኣይኮነን" ሳይንሰኛታት


As NASA plans to return humans to the moon by 2024, an Australian-first centre is studying the sustainable use of resources in space to keep astronauts there for longer.

 The space sustainability centre at the University of Adelaide will study the potential for growing food in space, along with moon and asteroid mining.


ደቂ ሰብ ኣብ 2024 ናብ ወርሒ ከምዝምለስ መደብ ከምዘውጽአ ትካል ምርምር ጠፈር NASA ኣፍሊጡ ኣሎ። እቲ ንፈለማ እዋን ብኣውስትራሊያ ዝምእከል መጽናዕቲ ጐዕዞ ናብ ወርሒ፡ ተመራመርቲ ጠፈር ንነዊሕ እዋን ኣብ ጠፈር ምእንቲ ክጸንሑ፡ ቀጻልነት ዘለዎ ኣጠቓቕማ ጸጋታት ተፈጥሮ ከጽንዕ እዩ።

እቲ ናይ ዩኒቨርሲቲ አደላይድ  ፡ ማእከል ቀጻልነት ጠፈር፡ ኣብ ጠፈር መግቢ ዝፈርየሉን ጎኒጎኒ ድማ ኣብ ወርሒን ከባቢኣን ዕደና ክግበር ዝከኣል እንተኾይኑ ከጽንዕ እዩ።


La Festa di Roma 2020 - Eventi del 1 gennaio



Lungotevere Aventino, Parco Savello - Giardino degli Aranci, Piazza Bocca della Verità, Piazza dell'Emporio , Ponte Fabricio

A partire dalla mezzanotte del 31 dicembre prendono vita buona parte delle installazioni e il disegno luci che illumina l’area in modo inedito e spettacolare.

In piazza Bocca della Verità dei grandi ragni di luce si muovono intessendo uno straordinario dialogo con degli omini di luce che camminano e si arrampicano sull’altezza del Palazzo dello Sviluppo Economico. Le due installazioni, Façade e Spider Circus, sono realizzate ad hoc per la Festa di Roma dagli artisti francesi di Groupe Laps anche grazie alla collaborazione di Musica per Roma e Teatro di Roma.

La mattina del 1 gennaio è dedicata alla conoscenza del territorio e dello spazio che ci circonda con il progetto Pratiche di abitazione artistica del paesaggio a cura delle Biblioteche di Roma. Quattro passeggiate artistiche per adulti e bambini - guidate dagli artisti e performer Leonardo Delogu e Valerio Sirna, fondatori del progetto di ricerca DOM - partono contemporaneamente alle ore 11 da quattro biblioteche situate in quartieri periferici della città, dando vita a performance teatrali, danze, musica e video, per confluire alle ore 15 nell’area centrale della Festa.

Dalle prime ore del pomeriggio del 1° gennaio la festa si sposta tra Piazza dell’Emporio, Ponte Fabricio, Giardino degli Aranci e Piazza Bocca delle Verità con interventi artistici di importanti compagnie internazionali e 18 site specific realizzati in esclusiva per la manifestazione, che consentono agli spettatori di immergersi in ogni singolo ecosistema e, all’interno di questo, di partecipare attivamente a spettacoli, installazioni, performance musicali e video ad esso specificatamente dedicati.

Sono molteplici anche gli interventi artistici che prevedono il diretto coinvolgimento dei cittadini, sia all’interno delle singole performance che mediante specifiche call.

La Fondazione Musica per Roma propone nel pomeriggio altre due performance ispirate a “La Mer” di Charles Debussy: la performance di musica elettronica con installazione interattiva a cura del compositore Giosuè Grassia e dei suoi allievi dei corsi di Composizione Musicale Elettroacustica del Conservatorio di Benevento, e la performance Tout La Mer du Monde del Daniele Roccato Quintet, un viaggio multietnico e multiculturale nell’ignoto mare del mondo, guidato dal contrabbassista Daniele Roccato, tra le sonorità della musica classica indiana  e persiana, della musica classica contemporanea, e della musica elettronica. Con lui i musicisti Alireza Mortazavi - santur, Mariasole De Pascali - flauti, Sanjay Kansa Banik - tabla, Luigi Ceccarelli - elettronica.

Una maratona attraverso generi musicali diversi è quella che affronterà il pianista e direttore d’orchestra noto in tutto il mondo: Marino Formenti , in Italia grazie alla collaborazione con l’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia.

Per tutto il pomeriggio del primo gennaio Marino Formenti si esibirà in una lunga performance all’interno del Giardino degli Aranci, ribattezzato per la festa Il Giardino d’Inverno e popolato per l’occasione dalle famose statue di ghiaccio del progetto Minimum Monument dell’artista brasiliana Néle Azevedo , in collaborazione con la Fondazione Romaeuropa.
Centinaia di piccole sculture in ghiaccio, rappresentanti uomini e donne di 20 cm, sono posizionate sulla scalinata del Giardino degli Aranci. Si tratta di sculture temporanee che lentamente si sciolgono per raffigurare la scomparsa dell’individualità e la perdita di personalità all’interno della massa.

Tra le altre proposte internazionali della Fondazione Romaeuropa: l’installazione interattiva Bloom Games degli architetti-designer Alisa Andrasek & José Sanchez - posizionata tra via Santa Maria in Cosmedin e Lungotevere Aventino - che consente ai visitatori di partecipare a un gigantesco gioco di costruzioni, con 2.800 pezzi di plastica riciclata, creando installazioni uniche e irripetibili di ispirazione vegetale e floreale; la performance Floe, tra acrobazia e arti visive, dell’artista circense Jean-Baptiste Andrèe dell’artista visivo Vincent Lamouroux, in cui una spettacolare scultura di giganteschi iceberg bianchi diventa spazio per danza ed evoluzioni acrobatiche.

L’Associazione Teatro di Roma propone un’invasione di artisti, performer, danzatori e circensi conosciuti in tutto il mondo.
Nel Mondo del mare, il Leone d’Argento per la danza alla Biennale di Venezia, Michele di Stefano, presenta Bermudas outdoor, un lavoro coreografico ispirato dalle teorie del caos, dalla generazione di insiemi complessi a partire da condizioni semplici, dai sistemi evolutivi della fisica e della meteorologia.
Pensato per un numero variabile di interpreti (da tre a tredici), ciascuno con le proprie caratteristiche, lo spettacolo dà vita a un mondo ritmicamente condiviso e in moto perpetuo, in grado di evolvere all’ingresso di ogni nuovo danzatore, trasformando così la coreografia in un progetto di incontro e mediazione tra individui.

Nel pomeriggio dell’1 gennaio torna il gruppo francese Groupe Laps che, con la performance Spider Circus, trasforma piazza Bocca della Verità in una enorme ragnatela su cui si muoveranno, a un’altezza di 3 o 4 metri, giganteschi ragni, che - grazie a giochi di luce e al supporto di suoni selvaggi e musica da orchestra - animano il Mondo delle giungle, delle foreste e dei boschi mostrando e ingigantendo ciò che normalmente è nascosto agli occhi degli uomini.

Passeggiando nel Mondo colorato dei pascoli e delle praterie si puo' godere invece della visione di un vero e proprio fulmine con la proposta dal grandissimo impatto visivo Luce, dei Masque Teatro, che riproduce uno fra i più forti e spettacolari elementi della natura sfruttando la variazione di frequenza di un generatore di potenza elettrica trasmessa via etere.
A chiusura del percorso della Festa l’Associazione Teatro di Roma propone Asteroide B-612 del Grupo Puja, una grande performance aerea che ci permette di guardare la Terra da lontano e di immaginarvi intorno un grande viaggio senza frontiere, senza muri e senza barriere.
A cura dell’Azienda Speciale Palaexpo i seguenti progetti artistici.

Lo sguardo dell'astronauta olandese André Kuipers, che ha avuto la fortuna di osservare da lontano il nostro Pianeta, è protagonista del progetto video Space cinemagraphs dell’artista Armand Dijcks (Nl) che ha elaborato le immagini fotografiche scattate durante la Missione Spaziale Internazionale trasformandole in un video in slowmotion, per regalare agli osservatori una sensazione realistica e vivida della Terra in movimento vista dallo Spazio. Dalle finestre e dalla sommità di un palazzo di via Petroselli ondeggano sul pubblico le sculture a forma di lunghissimi tentacoli della proposta artistica Tentacles di Filthy Luker & Pedro Estrellas (Designs In Air - UK). Una enorme piovra nel pieno centro della città che, attraverso il gioco e lo stupore, inviterà a considerare l’impatto di ognuno sul Pianeta e la necessità di comportamenti ecologicamente sostenibili.

Allo stesso immaginario è riconducibile la proposta dell’artista Armand Dijks (NL), che con Elemental tramuterà gli scatti fotografici - che l’artista Ray Collins (AU) ha dedicato alle onde oceaniche - in sequenze di video in loop, trasformando gli spettatori in esploratori alla scoperta delle profondità marine.

Come pure il video progetto inedito del collettivo Flxer Team (It) creato appositamente per questa edizione della Festa, fa emergere gli elementi della natura dalle “viscere” architettoniche dell’area del Basamento Aventino.

La scultura Water Bear di Viktor Vicsek (Hu), allestita per la prima volta in Italia grazie al sostegno dell’Accademia di Ungheria a Roma, offre una suggestione rivolta alle capacità di adattamento e resistenza al mutare delle condizioni ambientali.
Collocata nel Giardino d’Inverno (Il Giardino degli Aranci), trasformato per l’occasione nel Mondo di ghiaccio, l’opera riproduce in grande scala un microscopico organismo invertebrato, il tardigrado, capace di sopravvivere a condizioni climatiche letali per quasi tutti gli altri animali


Asteroide de más 1000 metros pasará del planeta el próximo 25 de octubre

El asteroide fue identificado por las instituciones espaciales en 1998. 

Asteroid Impacts Might Wipe Out Alien Life Around Dwarf Stars


Asteroid 2019 UD10 flew past Earth at 0.44 LD

A newly discovered asteroid designated 2019 UD10 flew past Earth at a distance of 0.44 LD / 0.00112 AU (167 549 km / 104 110 miles) at 10:08 UTC on October 27, 2019. 2019 UD10 belongs to the Apollo group of asteroids. It was first observed at Mt. Lemmon Survey,...... Read more »


Interdimensional Transmitter

we have to win: - fields on planet - Production x2,x3, ... - asteroid ps. maybe we will do shortening research, for example 30 days :thumbup: I'm asking because I haven't heard of it

Festival vedy a techniky AMAVET

Festival vedy a techniky AMAVET

Usporiadateľom októbrového krajského kola pre Košický a Prešovský kraj Festivalu vedy a techniky AMAVET bola Katolícka spojená škola sv. Mikuláša v Prešove.

Súťažiaci prezentujú projekty zo všetkých vedeckých a vedecko-technických odvetví ako sú biológia, medicína, chémia, fyzika, environmentálne vedy, elektrina, mechanika a informatika. Festival vedy a techniky AMAVET organizuje Asociácia pre mládež, vedu a techniku od roku 1998. Projekty hodnotila odborná komisia v zložení doc. JUDr. Marián Giba, PhD., prof. Mgr. Jaroslav Hofierka, PhD. a predsedom bol doc. MVDr. Branislav Peťko, CSc.: "Asociácia pre mládež, vedu a techniku na Slovensku podporuje mladých, začínajúcich vedcov, ktorý sa prejavujú v základnom stupni vzdelávania." Predseda komisie pridáva aj jeden postreh: "Na tejto súťaži je významné to, že v biologicko ekologických vedách je viac prihlásených projektov zo základných škôl ako zo stredných. Technické vedy sa zdajú zložitejšie pre nižšie ročníky."

Na slávnostnom otvorení privítal zúčastnených riaditeľ Katolíckej spojenej školy sv. Mikuláša v Prešove RNDr. Marcel Tkáč

Dôležitosť tohto podujatia jednak pre súťažiacich, no i pre verejnosť umocnili aj významní hostia, medzi ktorými nechýbal vedúci odboru školstva, kultúry a cestovného ruchu Mestského úradu v Prešove Mgr. Igor Hodžia: "Orientovať sa týmto smerom, smerom na vedu má zmysel. Študenti takto môžu budovať nie len svoju budúcnosť, no aj budúcnosť spoločnosti."
V roku 2018 sa konalo krajské kolo festivalu v Košiciach. Po dvoch rokoch sa vrátilo znovu do Prešova, na Katolícku spojenú školu sv. Mikuláša. "Naša škola, hlavne Gymnázium nadväzuje na tradíciu úspešných študentov v rámci prírodovedných súťaží a prezentácie vedeckých projektov, kde naši študenti dlhodobo dosahovali veľmi dobré výsledky na medzinárodných súťažiach." vraví riaditeľ školy RNDr. Marcel Tkáč. V roku 2017 študenti Miriam FERETOVÁ a Samuel SMOTER získali na najprestížnejšej projektovej súťaži na svete Intel ISEF úžasné druhé miesto. V kategórii Animal Sciences uspeli so spoločným projektom „Prírodné éterické oleje v prevencii pred kliešťami rodu Dermacentor“.


Na festivale autori prezentujú svoj výskum formou panelu (postera). Poster je kartónový stojan, ktorý umožňuje autorom pripevnenie a prezentovanie svojho výskumu hodnotiteľom.

Zoznam súťažných kategórií:

Projekty skúmajú biologické procesy na úrovni buniek, resp. mikroskopickej úrovni.
Táto kategória zahŕňa organickú aj anorganickú chémiu. Projekty môžu byť zamerané na rôzne oblasti od štruktúry atómov až po zložitejšie organické molekuly. Obzvlášť sú vítané projekty zamerané na efektívnejšiu produkciu látok. Pokročilejšie projekty by mali obsahovať chemické rovnice a vzorce.
Elektrina a mechanika
Autori navrhujú nové komponenty a súčiastky do známych zariadení, napr. v záujme zvýšenia ich účinnosti. Môžu navrhnúť i nové stroje. V rámci elektrotechniky sa navrhujú nové elektrické obvody a súčiastky, ktoré sa následne implementujú do zariadení.
Energia a transport
Projekty zahrnuté v tejto kategórií by mali skúmať efektivitu využívania klasických elektrární (vodných, jadrových, tepelných…), využitie fosílnych palív (uhlie, zemný plyn, ropa) a iných surovín. V projektoch zaoberajúcich sa dopravou autori sa môžu zamerať na efektivitu tradičných dopravných prostriedkov, ich využívaním, perspektívou do budúcnosti a pod. Autori sa rovnako môžu zamerať na alternatívne zdroje energií a dopravné prostriedky budúcnosti.
Environmentálne vedy
Projekty v tejto kategórií by mali študovať životné prostredie a prebiehajúce javy, resp. zmeny v ňom. Autori by mali skúmať vzťahy medzi jednotlivými zložkami biosféry, prípadne narušenie týchto vzťahov.
Fyzika a astronómia
Projekty zahŕňajú fyzikálne riešenia rôznych problémov, predovšetkým tých, ktoré neboli zatiaľ vyriešené. Výsledky prác môžu byť navyše podporené vlastnými programami a počítačovými simuláciami. V rámci astronómie by sa autori mali zamerať pozorovania nebeských objektov (dvojhviezd, asteroidov, zákrytov, premenných hviezd atď.) a získané dáta by mali použiť na vlastnú analýzu a vyslovenie ich záverov.
Zahŕňa štúdium rôznych procesov odohrávajúcich sa na Zemi, napr. zemetrasenia, globálne prúdenie v atmosfére, kontinentálny drift a pod. V pokročilejších prácach by autori mali používať odborné výrazy z oblasti geológie, fyziky, prípadne matematiky. Geodetické práce patria tiež do tejto kategórie.
Informatika a počítačové inžinierstvo
Táto kategória je veľmi široká. Zahŕňa hardware aj software. Čo sa týka hardwaru, autori môžu navrhnúť zmeny v štruktúre, a tým zväčšiť výkon počítača. V rámci software môžu vytvoriť užitočné programy, webstránky, hry a pod.
V tejto kategórií autori prezentujú práce a vety matematikov s ich vlastnými aplikáciami alebo dôkazmi. Môžu sa taktiež pokúsiť dokázať vety a hypotézy, ktoré neboli zatiaľ dokázané, resp. autorov dôkaz a aplikácia je originálna.
Medicína a zdravotníctvo
Práce v tejto kategórií sa zaoberajú ľudským telom, jeho anatómiou a chorobami. Autori môžu, napríklad, skúmať vplyv rôznych látok alebo žiarenia na rast baktérií a vývoj rakovinových buniek, čím môžu navrhnúť i nové metódy liečenia.
Spoločenské vedy
Spoločenské vedy sú piatou zo základných šiestich skupín odborov vedy a techniky tak, ako sú definované Organizáciou pre hospodársku spoluprácu a rozvoj. Oblasť spoločenských vied patrí spoločne s humanitnými vedami medzi vedné disciplíny s rastúcou dôležitosťou – v prípade ich kvalitných výstupov sú tieto veľmi často vo vyspelých štátoch využívané okrem iného aj na riadenie spoločnosti a hospodárstva. Do spoločenských vied zahŕňame: psychologické vedy, ekonomické vedy a obchod, pedagogické vedy, sociálne vedy, právne vedy, politické vedy, sociálnu a ekonomickú geografiu, masmediálnu komunikáciu.
Humanitné vedy: historické vedy a archeológia,, filologické vedy, filozofické vedy, etika a teologické vedy, vedy o kultúre a umení.




Výsledky krajského kola - zoznam postupujúcich pre Prešovský kraj:

Biológia: Kristína Katuščáková a Radka Baranová - Metabolitmi z aromatických čajov proti kliešťom
Biológia: Barbora Langová - Biofyzika mozgu a s ním súvisiacich vĺn
Elektrina a mechanika: Kristián Greif a Oliver Lipka - Inteligentný solárny generátor
Elektrina a mechanika: Andrej Tadeáš a Bača - Powerline komunikácia
Environmentálne vedy: Chiara Ugrayová a Terézia Pjatáková - Vplyv distribúcie reklamných letákov na životné prostredie
Environmentálne vedy: Matej Kmec a Štefan Hudačko - Môže byť huba indikátorom znečistenia životného prostredia?
Environmentálne vedy: Anna Pénzešová a Jozef Jabczun - Mikroorganizmy v lese
Environmentálne vedy: Eliška Semanová - Redukcia odpadu podľa filozofie ZERO WASTE
Environmentálne vedy: Gréta Kolcunová - Porovnanie použitia Whitlock-Vibert boxov a externých liahní pri reintrodukcii pstruha potočného
Fyzika a astronómia: Alex Kanderka a Miroslava Pramníková - Čarovné kvapaliny
Fyzika a astronómia: Vladimír Uhlík - Využitie Arduina vo fyzike
Geovedy: Diana Novikmecová - Slovenský opál
Chémia: Anna Štofirová a Timea Nacková - Stráviteľnosť bielkovín
Informatika a počítačové inžinierstvo: Barbora Horvátová a Lýdia Veselovská - Zostavte si vlastného robota s Arduinom
Informatika a počítačové inžinierstvo: Daniela Chovancová a Samuel Farkaš - ecoCITY
Medicína a zdravotníctvo: Veronika Kováčová - Život s ochorením diabetes mellitus
Medicína a zdravotníctvo: Aneta Anna Dunajová - Stanovenie zakázaných látok v športe pomocou elektrochemických metód



Astroshow på Askim videregående skole

Fredag 1. november fikk alle elever på VG1 SF overvære astroshowet til Knut Jørgen Røed Ødegaard og Anne Mette Sannes. Et stappfullt auditorium fikk høre om romheiser, asteroider, planeter i vårt eget solsystem og muligheter ute i verdensrommet i fremtiden.

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