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Top 20 Highlights from Rugby World Cup 2019 in Japan

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South Africa convincingly defeated England 32-12 on Saturday to claim their third World Cup, equaling New Zealand’s record for most tournament wins. They also became the first side to be crowned champions…

The post Top 20 Highlights from Rugby World Cup 2019 in Japan appeared first on Tokyo Weekender.


          

#0200 -’19. ★RWC2019★/Wales vs South Africa.Karaoke time Sweet Caroline.

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ラグビー・ワールド・カップ2019  日本大会が台風による一部の試合中止もありましたが、大成功の裡に終わりました。まだ、その余韻も冷めやらにうちに日本発祥のカラオヶでの会場での盛り上がりを。カラオケはそのままカラオケで通じる国際語になっています。

今回アップする曲は色々ある中から特に多く歌われてユーチューブ動画にも沢山アップされた「スイートキャロライン」をアップします。

個人的には会場が一体となって盛り上がると言う事もありますが、キャロラインと聞くと故J・F・ケネディ大統領の愛娘のキャロライン氏を想い出します。葬儀の時はあどけない姿で涙をそそったものでした。日本人にも愛されているキャロライン・ケネディ元大使です。

それでは、準決勝のカラオケタイムで歌われたスイートキャロラインをお聞きください。★RWC2019★準決勝ウェールズvs南アフリカ・カラオケ  タイム「スイートキャロライン」場内の雰囲気/Wales vs South Africa.Karaoke time Sweet Caroline.

 

この乗りの良さ、会場が敵味方無くノーサイドで盛り上がるのに最高な曲それが「スイートキャロライン」です。

まるでフェンウェイパーク!? ラグビーワールドカップ2019

 

こちらはカラオケでも使用されていたニール・ダイアモンドの「スイートキャロラインです。生前のJFKと共に写る写真も載っています。

スイート・キャロライン【訳詞付】- ニール・ダイアモンド

 

離日を前に、ケネディ大使から日本の皆さんへ御礼のメッセージ

 

ケネディ・アメリカ合衆国駐日大使が宿泊した大山レークホテルの記事はこちらです。 

 

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Telkom warns of 40% slump in H1 earnings

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(Telecompaper) South Africa's Telkom says it expects earnings for the six months ended September to decrease by as much as 40 percent...
          

Preview: 2019 World RX of South Africa – One Last Push For The Championship

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Just one point separates Timmy Hansen and Andreas Bakkerud with Kevin Hansen still in the fight ahead of the final round of the epic 2019 FIA World Rallycross Championship. Who will become the new champion and how dramatic will the event be after a crazy rallycross season
          

UN Security Council debate on women, peace and security.

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Channel Africa — In this week’s edition of Africa of the Future we take a look at the UN Security Council debate on women, peace and security, nearly 20 years since the adoption of Resolution 1325 which called for increased participation and representation of women at all levels of decision-making. Held recently in New York, it was initiated by South Africa as President of the UN Security Council for the month of October.
          

Boks' Pocket-rocket up for Top14 gong

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NEWS:  South Africa's World Cup winner Cheslin Kolbe has been shortlisted for the French Top 14 player of the season award, the league announced on Wednesday.
          

'This trophy is for the people of South Africa'

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REACTION: Rassie Erasmus and Siyamthanda Kolisi hope the Springboks' World Cup triumph will go some way to assist in fixing a broken society.
          

First Boks arrive home

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BREAKING NEWS: The first batch of the victorious Springboks arrived back in South Africa on Tuesday.
          

In South Africa, Sistaaz are doing trans rights for themselves

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From a network of blankets strung together under a bridge in Cape Town, a group of homeless, transgender sex workers are fighting for equality. Lucy Fielder reports.

          

Where is Your Spirit of Ubuntu?

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On Saturday South Africa took part in a great battle – the one on the international rugby field – and emerged victorious – Congrats Bokke, we are all extremely proud of you!! It was great to see the Spirit of 55 000 plus Saffas carry our boys to victory, but it also made me really […]

The post Where is Your Spirit of Ubuntu? appeared first on Little Fighters Cancer Trust.


          

Comment on Single Foreign Men Looking For American Women by Ishmael

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Hi name is Ishmael from South Africa Johannesburg and I would like to know you
          

asd

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Nice post mate, keep up the great work, just shared this with my friendz spirituality

Emplazamiento South J Bay (South Africa, South Africa)
          

11/3/2019: World Champion Makes History: SOUTH AFRICA ON TOP OF THE WORLD

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WORLD CHAMPIONS: South Africa captain Siya Kolisi — the first black man to captain the Springboks — lifts the Webb Ellis Cup after his team beat England 32-12 in the 2019 Rugby World Cup final at Yokohama Stadium, Japan. See Sport Section
          

11/3/2019: Interview: PEOPLE ARE TALKING

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The Princess in the Ivory Tower TDs polls apart on vote WHEN Meghan Markle first arrived in the UK the British public adored her, but the love affair has ended. Having squandered all the goodwill they had, Megs and Hazza recently toured South Africa,...
          

11/3/2019: Places: Lose yourself in delightfully desolate deserts

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TRAVEL in Africa and it seeps into your bones. It’s special. Namibia is definitely special. Quintessentially African yet wholly unique, Namibia gets into your soul. Namibia is north of South Africa (from whom it gained independence only in 1991) and...
          

Sales Manager | South Africa

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https://tagsearchandselect.com/jobs/sales-manager-south-africa/
          

Only Matric Needed In 20 Sales Position Potchefstroom no Experience Required Day Shift Free Training

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La Granson International - South Africa - skills Well groomed Full Training provided No experience needed If you are eager to learn...(s): English Driver's license: A1 Availability for travel: No Availability for change of residence...
          

Ethiopian asylum seeker denied life-saving dialysis in South Africa

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An Ethiopian woman says she has been denied life-saving medical treatment because of her asylum status.
          

Tendai Mtawarira: South Africa prop retires from internationals after World Cup

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South Africa's World Cup-winning prop Tendai Mtawarira announces his retirement from international rugby aged 34.
          

South Africa: Water and Sanitation On Water Levels in Limpopo, Eastern Cape and North West

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[Govt of SA] The current hot temperatures in major parts of the country have plunged Limpopo, Eastern Cape and North West to stress levels as their dam levels dropped to below half in the past two weeks. The levels in the three provinces have plummeted...
          

South Africa: Government Urges Continued Support for Springboks During Country Bus Tour

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[Govt of SA] Government urges continued support for the Springboks during their country wide bus tour
          

Africa: Government On South Africa Investment Conference

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[Govt of SA] Government is today welcoming hundreds of delegates who form part of the 2nd South Africa Investment Conference and it is all systems go for the gathering. President Cyril Ramaphosa is leading government in hosting this momentous conferenc...
          

South Africa: Kids Up to Guy Fawkes Mischief in Cape Town As SPCA Prepare for Rogue Fireworks

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[News24Wire] Youth in and around Cape Town got up to mischief for Guy Fawkes Day on Tuesday as the SPCA prepared itself for people to discharge fireworks despite no official sites being allocated, effectively banning it.
          

Comment on U.S. senator blasts Apple for ‘risking compromise to authoritarianism’ in China by Kent

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Did Apple do business in South Africa during Apartheid?
          

VAT Compliance Consultant

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BDO - South Africa - opportunities and efficiencies Assisting management in establishing the nature of clients' South...
          

Creative City: Cape Town, South Africa

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  Cape Town- Design Indaba, A better world through creativity. “Cape Town has many challenges but with that comes opportunities to bridge the divide while using creativity as a tool to create a better world.” This was the sentiment put forth by the Design Indaba team when Cape Town was chosen as the first city […]
          

week307 - Deep Space Podcast

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E ae!
Welcome to Deep Space Podcast! Thanks for listening.

You can also listen to Deep Space Podcast every Fridays 9pm BRT (5pm Los Angeles / 2am South Africa) at Dublab Brasil. But I usually do something different there... Join me and check it out ;)
https://dublab.com.br

Today, you gonna listen an exclusive guestmix by Patrick BATeMAN (South Africa) in the 2nd hour.
Please check more detailed information about Patrick BATeMAN in the links below:
https://soundcloud.com/eclectic_criminals
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCts6ti10I3ftT1oB4c3FjtQ
https://vimeo.com/eclecticcriminals

Enjoy the week307!

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Playlist:
Artist - Track Name - [Label]

1st hour mixed by Marcelo Tavares
1) Jullian Gomes Feat. Samantha Thornhill - Darkness - [World Without End]
2) Lavoura - Ayizan
3) Deep Sentiments - Looming Spirits (Original Mix) - [AfroMove]
4) Chris Davis - Travelling Light - [Electronic Emergencies]
5) Latch - Frida - [Colour and Pitch]
6) Soul Central - Un Amore Supremo (West Loop Chicago Remix) - [Electric Mode]
7) John Gorbera - Ensemble (Original Mix) - [Merecumbe]
8) RNDT Feat. Kleophazz - Check One Two - [RNDT]
9) Chymamusique - Bass & Synth (Original Mix) - [Chymamusiq]
10) Basic Need - Song For Leti - [Culprit]
11) Panóptica - Ojala - [Fat!]

2nd hour mixed by Patrick BATeMAN (South Africa)
Playlist loading…


          

Gold Coins

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Buy gold coins and gold bullion to include Canadian maple leaf, American eagle, St Gaudens gold coin, Austrian philharmonic, French Rooster Franc, south African Kruggerands, silver bullion and platinum coins St Gaudens Gold 72 Hr $20 Saint Gaudens Gold Sale. Free 2nd Day FedEx double eagle gold coins Save 15% On st gaudens gold coins Free Gold Guide 1-888-700-9887 A+ BBB Rating
          

South Africa: Sasha-Lee Olivier's Miss World Campaign Aims to Support Sexual Assault Survivors

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[News24Wire] Johannesburg -South Africa's Miss World representative Sasha-Lee Olivier on Monday revealed her Beauty with a Purpose campaign for the international pageant at a conference in Sandton, Johannesburg.
          

South Africa: Mrwetyana Murder-Accused Faces Threats, Insults at Court Appearance

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[allAfrica] Cape Town -Luyanda Botha, the man accused of the rape and murder of UCT student Uyinene Mrwetyana, has appeared in the Western Cape High Court where members in the gallery demanded he show his face. Some people shouted that the public wanted to "get him", News24 reports.
          

South Africa: 'Show Your Face!' Public Yells At Uyinene Mrwetyana's Murder Accused As Case Heads to High Court

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[News24Wire] The investigation against the man accused of the rape and murder of UCT student Uyinene Mrwetyana is complete and the case is set to be transferred to the Western Cape High Court.
          

South Africa: South Africa Committed to Women As Leaders in Global Peacekeeping

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[Daily Maverick] South Africa views the UN's women, peace and security agenda as a means for women to mediate in conflict situations and as essential to end the use of force as a means of settling disputes.
          

South Africa: 207 New Magistrates to Be Appointed in February, With Focus On Gender Transformation

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[News24Wire] Justice and Correctional Services Minister Ronald Lamola will appoint 207 new magistrates with effect from February 2020 with the focus being to strengthen gender transformation, the department said on Monday.
          

Cyber crime an unfortunate reality for SA

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by AKANI CHAUKE JOHANNESBURG, (CAJ News) – SOUTH African companies have been urged to embrace new technologies to deal with rising cyber security threats. The encouragement comes in the wake of cyber criminals recently hacking the website of the City of Johannesburg, while the country’s bigger banks have also had their systems compromised at some […]
          

U-23 AFCON: South Africa arrive in Egypt with only 12 players

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South Africa arrived in Egypt on Tuesday for the Under-23 Africa Cup of Nations, which begins on Friday, with just 12 players.

Read More ...


          

Sportainment - Anton Venter (IRB Rugby World Cup-Developmeent)

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Touch HD — We are joined in studio by Anton Venter speaking everything Rugby development, Rugby World Cup, leadership and the future of South African Rugby.
          

Europe Moving to Worldwide Income Tax & International Wealth Tax

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As I understand you’re writings, the € is not a good currency to be in. I’m South African and stay in the Netherlands for 13 years now. I’ve been following you’re advice not to be in €’s and therefore I only have a house here that can be seen as a € investment. I still …………………………

https://www.armstrongeconomics.com/world-news/taxes/europe-moving-to-worldwide-income-tax-international-wealth-tax/

Der Beitrag Europe Moving to Worldwide Income Tax & International Wealth Tax erschien zuerst auf TOROS.


          

Financial Accountant - Network Recruitment (South Africa) - Midrand, Gauteng

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A global healthcare company that specialises in lifesaving medicines and technologies for infusion, transfusion and clinical nutrition is looking for a young… R450 000 - R500 000 a year
From Network Recruitment (South Africa) - Tue, 05 Nov 2019 17:49:04 GMT - View all Midrand, Gauteng jobs
          

Management Accountant - Network Recruitment (South Africa) - Midrand, Gauteng

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A leading brand in sustainable technologies, this entity applies their cutting-edge science to creating solutions with their customers that make a real… R450 000 - R500 000 a year
From Network Recruitment (South Africa) - Tue, 05 Nov 2019 17:49:04 GMT - View all Midrand, Gauteng jobs
          

Accountant (contract) - Network Recruitment (South Africa) - Midrand, Gauteng

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Looking for a strong Accountant with exceptional knowledge in full accounting function. This will be a contract to start immediate for three months.
From Network Recruitment (South Africa) - Tue, 05 Nov 2019 17:48:59 GMT - View all Midrand, Gauteng jobs
          

Press Release: A South Africa First At The Salon Art + Design New York

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NEW YORK, N.Y., Nov. 6, 2019 (SEND2PRESS NEWSWIRE) -- Yair Shimansky will be exhibiting in the most prestige Art and Design event November 14-18 on the New York calendar, where a hand selected group of jewellery designers will showcase their unique design creations to the most sophisticated art collectors, jewellery lovers and galleries from around […]
          

11/2/2019: RUGBYWORLDCUP2019: Highlights and low points . . . and the tries that helped illuminate the tournament

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Japan and their supporters celebrate a try against South Africa at Brighton Community Stadium. The home side’s daring, energetic, high-tempo rugby thrilled all spectators.
          

Siya Kolisi: 'It's a privilege, not a burden, to fight for South Africa'

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It's been a sleep-sapping few days for South Africa's World Cup-winning captain Siya Kolisi.
          

South Africa can avoid junk status, says Standard Bank chief

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Government urged to improve public finances in time for next year’s budget
          

Understanding The New Engineering Qualifications

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In 2013, the Higher Education Qualification Framework was published that completely changed the higher education qualifications landscape in South Africa. The well-known NATED-151 curriculated NDip and the BTech will be completely phased out by all institutions by 2020 and are no longer part of the possible mix of qualifications.

The “old-style” qualifications being offered by Universities of Technology have been (or are in the process of being) replaced by an “integrated national framework for learning achievement” that includes, in the case of engineering, the introduction of the Bachelor of Engineering Technology (BEng Tech); Diploma in Engineering (Dip Eng), the Diploma in Engineering Technology (Dip Eng Tech) and the Advanced Diploma among a number of others. Meeting international standards he Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA) has developed qualification standards for these new qualifications that are outcome-based (like the existing BEng programmes) and that meet the requirements of the International Engineering Alliance – a necessary requirement to be a signatory to the Sydney and Dublin accords. These accords (focused on Technologists and Technicians respectively) are international agreements between bodies responsible for accrediting engineering academic programmes and confirm that graduates of these programmes have met the necessary educational requirements to be registered as professional engineering practitioners.

Lack of understanding
My engagement with a cross-section of engineering professionals in recent ECSA workshops suggests that there is a lack of understanding about what this change is actually going to mean in practice. It is important to recognize that the “old” BTech and the “new” BEng Tech are two completely different types of qualifications – with different types of graduates. It is not possible to envision the level of competence of a BEng Tech graduate by drawing on one’s experience of BTech graduates. The BEng Tech is a structured, outcomes-based qualification with International Engineering Alliance-aligned graduate attributes and completed over three years; the BTech is a content-focused qualification.

In practice, the BTech often followed a NDip, together being completed in four years. The BTech and BEng Tech are therefore not equivalent qualifications simply repackaged and rebranded. For one thing, the entry requirements for the BEng Tech at National Qualification Framework (NQF) Level 5 are typically higher than those for the old NDip, also at NQF Level 5.

In brief, the graduates of the two sets of programmes are very different. A fundamental difference between the old NDip and the new Diploma qualifications relates to the duration of the workplace-based learning (i.e. in-service training). In years gone by, graduates of Universities of Technology could be assumed to have been exposed to a minimum level of practical workplace-based experience. This requirement is now significantly reduced in the new Diploma in Engineering and largely absent in the new Diploma in Engineering Technology qualifications and the graduates of these qualifications typically graduate with far less practical workplace-based experience.

The Universities of Technology indicate that the intention is to have different work-integrated learning modalities scaffolded into the curriculum of these new Diploma qualifications, but time will tell how well this is enacted.

The consequence of this transformation in the qualification landscape is that companies that employ graduates with a BEng Tech must be aware that they can no longer assume that these graduates will have the same level of workplace-based experience that could be assumed of the BTech graduate and will need to be inducted into engineering practice through carefully managed training programmes – much like the current Engineer in Training model that is used for BEng graduates. With the first of the “new” graduates already in the market, employers will need to reconsider just what they require from a potential applicant to demonstrate that they have met the requirements for the job.

Prof. Brandon Collier-Reed
Pr. Eng FSAIMechE


          

Load Shedding and School Holidays

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It’s school holidays and my children are at home. And they are bored. I suppose every generation stares in awe at their children who cannot see or comprehend the privileges they enjoy. I may as well “own” their boredom since I have through much grace and hard work, been able to put them exactly in this position. I’d like to come back to that analogy in a minute.

With the recent bout of load shedding – despite any previous events, I was again caught off guard. No torches (with batteries) nor a generator. At least we have a gas stove, but we struggled to find the  igniter. You may have a similar story.

There is a connection between my children who are bored despite having broadband internet, Lego etc, and my unprepared state for load shedding. That is of course: privilege. Not the politically loaded “privilege,” but the fact that engineers are working and succeeding (to a degree) to keep the power on. The privilege is being oblivious to the facts – being able to go about your business without having to worry about that as well.

End of innocence
While it is unclear where South Africa’s infrastructure is heading, this may be our childhood end. We are all aware of the fact that things are not as steady as we once believed. There is a lighter counterpoint in that engineers may just have gotten their “We told you so!” moment. Engineering, maintenance and the related procurement systems are now in the spotlight. We can be of critical value if we are able to put forward informed alternatives and opinions.

The catch is that apart from your neighbours and relatives who will take your advice on quotes for solar panels, geysers, generators with automatic changeover switches etc, your activism will not take you very far. You will need a platform and leverage for your campaign.

Actually, you already have those things at your disposal – your local SAIMechE Committee! Through your committee, it is really just two steps to pretty much anyone within ECSA or any other VA or collection of VAs.

Politics and the public can be influenced, if we manage ourselves as a trusted source of guidance and information. That is exactly what we were trained to do, but I don’t think we are stepping up to the plate like we should.

The take-away is this: make sure that you are informed – and then be very opinionated! And go make some waves at your local branch.

Gideon van den Berg
MSAIMechE
Pr. Eng


          

Being an engineer is not all taught, some things need to be learnt

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As South African engineers we are proud of our community, we have a reputation for hard work and innovation in many parts of the world, but we seem to be forgetting that our reputation is not based on what we were taught in the classroom, rather what we learnt from our betters once we leave.

In recent years there has been a strong focus on increasing the number of graduates coming out of tertiary education (at my institution there has been a 5-fold increase in output in a decade). Most of us are aware that to meet this demand academia has wrestled with many challenges resulting in updated curricula. Assessments have been streamlined and the digital era has been embraced. Contemporary graduates have a range of classical skills that will be familiar to the old guard but have also accrued a range of new skills. Some institutions have even begun emphasizing the ever illusive 'soft skills'; that the public at large wants us to have. The question here is; now what?

However good your formal education is, it is incomplete. Young engineers move out of the classroom and join other practicing engineers. Only here do they learn the values of our industry: honesty, integrity, responsibility, inclusivity, continuous development and professionalism. These attributes are passed down from generation to generation. The older generation either mentored the new graduates directly through EIT programs or indirectly through their interaction with new graduates. In this way we have built a culture of engineering.

In a recent news article Consulting Engineers South Africa laments the immigration of senior engineers in the age bracket 35 to 55 and notes the ‘huge number’ of new graduates. As a community we are fast becoming bottom heavy and will reach the point where there are simply too few senior engineers to provide adequate mentorship, and our values may no longer be imparted on the younger segment of our community. With their sheer number, the newly graduated engineers will dominate how South African engineers are seen globally and their behaviour will reflect all our values.

We can no longer rely on the passive interactions of the past (or our absentee regulator) to instil the culture of South African engineering on the new generation. If we want to maintain our standards of practice and reputation, we now need to plan how new additions to our community are socialized. 

Steps in this direction have been made in other communities. In Canada for instance many new graduates choose to participate in the ‘Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer’, which in the words of Rudyard Kipling; ‘...has been instituted with the simple end of directing the young engineer towards a consciousness of his profession and its significance, and indicating to the older engineer his responsibilities in receiving, welcoming and supporting the young engineers in their beginnings.’

Members of the voluntary associations are in the best position to engage with the youth to ensure that they gain the attributes that will keep our community strong. All it takes is a little time.

Dr Martin Venter
MSAIMechE


          

The Digital Disruption in Mechanical Engineering

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The Fourth Industrial Revolution is fundamentally changing the world of work for which we are preparing our students and where mechanical engineers are applying their trade. At the same time the students who enter university programmes are much better prepared for the Digital World than they were in the past, expect for those students, in the South African context, who come from disadvantaged environments. 

Universities tend to be slow to react to changes in the environment and therefore all these factors put together result in a significant challenge for the development and implementation of Engineering Programmes. 

Over the last three decades most universities were quick to introduce computer programming in their programmes, as engineers had a strong vested interest in this field and always had a significant  requirement for fast and accurate computing.

The integration of fast computing, big data and machine learning enable engineers to be significantly more productive than in the past by speeding up and integrating processes, from design to manufacture, implementation and commissioning. This new approach is also blurring the boundaries between disciplines forcing mechanical engineers to work collectively in multi-disciplinary teams with other professionals. It also poses new challenges such as mastering software suites and manipulating complex digital models of physical systems.

Digital moods
“Multiphysics” refers to digital models that can simultaneously solve multiple physical phenomena. These models speed up the design processes and deliver large amounts of data that need to be analysed. It is now possible to simultaneously model and compute the fluid-dynamics over the wing of an aircraft as well as the forces and deflections (stresses and strains) the varying pressure profile will induce in the structure.

This is of course a very powerful “tool” that can be used to optimise the aerodynamics and structural elements of the wing in a very short time. 

Big data

Where we may have not been at the forefront is in the use of Big Data. These very large data sets have been available for many years in the Financial and Health sectors where. Colleagues working in the maintenance field, and especially the condition monitoring of mechanical and electrical plant, have had access to larger data sets but mostly used deterministic and statistical models to analyse the data.

The challenge we face going forward is that modern technology, including the Internet of Things, will make large data sets more readily available and we will need to understand how to handle and analyse the data. Data need to be prepared by cleaning it up, verifying and calibrating it, collating from different sources and then storing the data in a format accessible for the various algorithm that can be used to discover the embedded knowledge.

This new approach is also blurring the boundaries between disciplines forcing mechanical engineers to work collectively in multi-disciplinary teams with other professionals.

There are a host of methods available to analyse the data, extract information and discover the knowledge. Many of the new methods make use of artificial intelligence and machine learning where the algorithms, with minimal human input, can analyse data and discover new phenomena that
were not previously known. 

Reality check
The old saying “garbage in – garbage out” still holds and we will always need the fast and multi-processing skills of the human brain to look at the outcome and do a “reality check.” Recent experiences on the highly-automated Tesla assembly lines with the lack of humans on the line were identified as a key contributor to their not achieving the volumes and level of quality they desired.

Therefore, digital disruption in the world of mechanical engineering will indeed bring additional challenges to our fraternity. We will have to equip our new as well as experienced engineers with the necessary skills and understanding of modern data science but at the same time we must always ensure that these mechanical engineers have the required fundamental knowledge and experience to ensure that the new methods provide useful and technically valid results.

Yours in Mechanical Engineering,

Prof Wikus van Niekerk
SAIMechE Council Member


          

How does one build a decolonised bridge?

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I first heard this question as part of the somewhat facetious reaction that many engineers have to the call to decolonise science, knowledge, engineering. But let’s go back to one of the first communities of colonisers, the ancient Greeks, and reflect on Socrates’ statement, “The unexamined life is not worth living.” When thinking about what I could do to transform the engineering profession into one where we can build a decolonised bridge, I paused to reflect on my classroom.

What made some students feel engaged, feel like they were firmly on their path to building their identity
as a South African engineer?

Why do some students have no problem in feeling this way, while others feel alienated or disempowered? It is so easy to dismiss students as lazy, self-entitled millenials, but the truth is
that a small percentage of matriculants gain entry into university, and engineering attracts top learners from this cohort. We have the privilege of having dedicated, determined and self-motivated young adults in our classrooms. 

So why do we lose so many of them? Educational research shows evidence, again and again, that feelings of engagement, belonging and identifying with the context and the community, are critical for successful learning. How does this relate to decolonisation? If one believes that science was invented in Europe, by white men, and that a Western knowledge-base drives all technological development, it is easy to imagine that anyone whose identity lies outside of this construct would face a significant challenge in engaging with the disciplines supported by science and technology.

A myth
One of the first myths that I interrogated relates to the history and evolution of science. Let’s start with mathematics, as it is arguably the language of engineering. The most ancient mathematical texts date back to around 2000 BC, written in Mesopotamia (situated in the area currently known as the Middle East) and Egypt. As an example of the importance of history, one of the first mathematical theories that a student will learn (long before they enter the university halls) is the Pythagorean theorem.

Pythagoras (c. 570 – 495 BC) was a Greek philosopher who is probably most famously known for a theorem that he did not discover. The Pythagorean triangle relationship was known to Babylonians and Indians centuries before Pythagoras was born! But Pythagoras was probably the first Greek to formally present the knowledge to the Greek communities, perhaps the first to formally set out the proof.

The revelation of “new to you” is something that anyone who has applied themselves to any study knows well. So, one of the first lessons I learnt in my endeavour to unpack colonisation and decolonisation, is that a student’s perception of what is real or true may be very far from reality or the truth.

It is, however, their current reality and I need to be aware of it. Perhaps the first step in decolonisation, is realising that much of what is assumed to be colonised knowledge is no such thing. Mathematics is not European, nor is science, nor is engineering. However, pretending that each student in my class is equal, that they enter our institutions with the same opportunities, privileges or challenges, is insanity. So how do I manage this environment of have and have-nots, of blissful ignorance and painful realities?

Where is the space in the engineering curriculum to incorporate an ethic of care, of awareness and sensitivity? Mathematics is not European, nor is science, nor is engineering.

Diversity of perspectives
Perhaps a decolonised bridge is designed by a local team of engineers who value and appreciate the diversity of perspectives that each team member brings. Perhaps one of the engineers is the daughter of one of the construction workers, the first person in her family to go to university.

Perhaps the bridge is reinforced with natural fibres, from crops grown in fields by local farmers who use sustainable agricultural practices. Maybe it provides a means of connecting a rural community to an economic hub; maybe it carries power and clean water back to this community.

Engineers are expert problem-solvers. Colonisation was a reality in our society. The effects are still evident and continue to pose problems for our society. These are all concrete facts. Let’s use the tools and knowledge available to us, and find a way to build a decolonised bridge.

A/Prof Debby Blaine
SAIMechE Council Member


          

Online Education

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Online education is growing quickly. Gone are the days where universities were the sole custodians of knowledge. Today we have unprecedented access to information and we are free to learn in near arbitrary depth in almost every imaginable field. A quick scan through Wikipedia can confirm how inertia is calculated in a moving reference frame, and YouTube will teach you how to replace a light bulb on your car. Most of us think that the learning stops there but the Internet can provide us with so much more.

As a group we are curious and enjoy learning, in our professional lives we are required to hone existing skills and develop new ones, but are plagued by extensive time commitments and a rapidly changing schedule that often prevents us from committing to the limited number of short courses presented locally. 

Online platforms offer a wider variety of courses with significantly more flexibility, in content timing and mode of participation. Modern online courses are truly massive and benefit from very strong community interaction. It is not uncommon to be enrolled in a course with 60 000 other students, most of whom are happy to communicate via the forums.

Experts
There are many strong online institutions but three organisations stand out, Coursera.org, Udemy.com and Edx.org. Each of these organisations afford anyone the opportunity to participate in courses presented by experts from well established universities including familiar institutions such as Harvard, Stanford, MIT and TU Delft. 

Over the past few years I have participated in courses ranging from statistical modeling presented by John’s Hopkins to geographical information systems presented by the US Army Academy. The courses range from 4 to 12 weeks and require a commitment of between 4 and 12 hours a week.

Video lectures and course materials are provided, with graded assessments and an active mentor community. The courses range from introductory courses to advanced postgraduate level. In some cases, the courses even bear credit at their host university.

Although courses are available on a wide range of topics most fields are limited to a digital footprint, and you are not likely to get your hands dirty. Most will provide you with the theory and rely on the participants to create their own applications. With this in mind each of the three organisations listed make some capstone module available where the participant can engage in an extended application of the theory in a project setting with supervision. These are typically bundled into a mini-diploma style collection or specialisation. In some cases these can extend to full degree programmes.

The University of Illinois for instance has shifted their 2 year Masters degree in Machine Learning to the Coursera platform and whether you are a resident student or online participant you will have access to the same resources. Though some of the courses can be pricey, most will be credit bearing and provide a course certificate for around $15 - $100. Almost all will allow you to audit content and participate in the online forum for free. In some cases, the courses even bear credit at their host university.

Sealability
Although this style of online education is not likely to replace a conventional engineering degree in South Africa any time soon, it is likely that we will be seeing similar courses make their way into the existing university curriculum as an efficient teaching tool that scales well to large groups.

For those of you with your degree under your belt, there is an opportunity to up-skill yourself and your employees with some confidence without taking on the burden of creating your own programmes or relying on local 3rd party providers.

With a small time investment these flexible courses will allow you to develop up to date technical skills in new fields or refine skills from years past. It might be a practical way to transition from one field to another or provide you an edge in your current organisation.

Dr Martin Venter
SAIMechE Western Cape Branch Chairman


          

My Experience as a Female Engineering Student

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In 2018, it feels almost irrelevant to talk about sexism, as we now live in a world where discrimination based on anything is considered taboo, and you will, most definitely, get called out on social media for being racist, sexist, or basically any kind of discrimination or bias.

Today we are bombarded with social media feeds containing messages of support and motivation; messages telling us that we can be anything we want to be, and not to be defined by any type of social construct; messages encouraging us to be individuals, and to achieve greatness, no matter how. What a glorious time to be alive.

However, this global culture of understanding and support is still new, and there are industries where sexism, racism, and other forms of discrimination, still create a culture where individuals are not supported or motivated to be great or achieve greatness.

When I was asked to write an article for “SA Mechanical Engineer”, I was honoured but a bit surprised at the suggested topic of ‘my experience as a female engineering student’. Not offended, just surprised, especially since I am responsible for the most successful student initiative within the SAIMechE in the last decade. 

Subtle acts and role divisions 
But as I was sitting down to write this article, it suddenly dawned on me that today, in the modern South Africa, sexism is no longer a blatant disregard for the female gender, there is no longer an outright belief that men are better than woman, but rather a subtle way of thinking and doing, coded in our DNA because of the social environment in which we were raised.

Today, the female engineering student doesn’t experience sexism in obvious, outright ways, but rather through subtle acts and role divisions. For example, in a group project where taking down minutes is mandatory, you will often see female students being given the role, sometimes at the expense of doing more technical work.

That is why, when projects involve building, manufacturing, or assembly, you will see female engineering students doing the theoretical work. Often the technical or physical aspects of the project are allocated to male students first, with the female students then being given the option to choose from, or volunteer for, the remaining work.

The question that comes to mind is why? Why in a world where females are celebrated and supported do we have so little female representation in mechanical/mechatronic engineering at tertiary level and in industry? Limited research has been done regarding this topic, but the most popular notion is that there aren’t many female role models to motivate girls to pursue such technical studies, or to stay within the industry after graduation, and I tend to agree.

Affirmations
The low female representation within SAIMechE (less than 5% according to the latest demographic information) and the lack of celebrated female engineers within the leadership structures of our institution and the industry in general, is evidence of this problem.

Growing up, my mother, being an educator, understood and embodied the principle that reaffirmations during early childhood development build confidence and self-worth, and both my mother and father noticed and supported my technical aptitudes all through my childhood years.

Having grown up in this type of environment, I never experienced any type of doubt about whether I could excel in a technical, male-dominated industry. But not all girls are this lucky, in fact, some are actively discouraged against pursuing technical careers after graduation. The majority of female engineering graduates end up working in non-technical positions, or working in a totally different industry altogether.

Great heights
That said, ambitious female engineering students are achieving great heights. It is now not uncommon to see female engineering students at the top of their classes, in leadership roles, or even as part of technical endeavours such as robotics clubs and international design competitions.

This is evident in the strong female representation in the SAIMechE Student Chapter initiative across the country. These ambitious female engineering students are doing just as well and achieving just as much as their male counterparts.

I believe, that as SAIMechE, it is now our responsibility to identify, recognise, and promote already successful female mechanical and mechatronic engineers in industry, as well as ambitious female individuals (students and graduates) as strong female role models within the industry to girls in school and at tertiary level. In this way, girls will have the confidence to be more, do better, and achieve just as much as any male peer.

By Marietjie M Jansen van Rensburg
(BEng Mechatronics, Stellenbosch University)
SAIMechE Council Representative:
Student and Graduate Affairs


          

The Engineer’s Contribution to the Economy

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Unfortunately for engineers, the vision for new projects often emanates not from engineers, but from politicians in municipalities, at provincial level, by government, state owned companies and entrepreneurs. Very often engineers are instructed to generate the solutions and they deliver - The many successful projects are proof enough.

Unfortunately, funding is limited and engineering projects compete with other endeavours for funding. As funds are limited, it is in the best interests of the country and all who live in it, that the projects with the best returns are selected. While the powers that be may be well-equipped to make these choices, engineers are seldom present and therefore do not influence these decisions. 

By participating in all walks of life, engineers can contribute even more to the economy and wealth creation, by participating and influencing these decisions in the selection of deserving projects, funded by limited resources. If we, the engineering community, stand up and are counted, by participating in all walks of life and we aim to play an instrumental role in influencing decision making, funding will be channeled to more productive projects, which in return will stimulate the economy even more.

We will influence decisions and our knowledge and skills will contribute significantly. 

In this way, as an institution, represented by our branches all over the country, we have knowledge of local conditions and should promote projects and ventures, which will most benefit our communities. Each SAIMechE branch can probably draw on more expertise than most companies, organisations, municipalities, provinces and government departments. Combined each branch probably has more expertise than the companies they work for!

The achievements listed here, are testimony to our contribution to the development and wellbeing of our society and the projects listed here also serve as a reminder of the role we have to play in the future. 

Industrial: Yskor (Mittal) – South African parastatal steel company founded in 1928 by Hendrik van der Bijl to supply the demands of local consumers. 

Sasol – First and largest oil-from-coal refinery (provides 40% of the country’s fuel). 

Coastal: The Dolos – These structures are designed to break up wave action and protect harbour walls, created by Eric Merrifield in SA in 1963-1964. 

Rail: The Scheffel Bogie – a unique railway Bogie allowing higher speed, less wear and higher load capacity on our unique narrow gauge railway lines. 

The Coal Export Railway line serving Ermelo to Richards Bay. The Iron Ore Export Line, running between Sishen and Saldanha Bay (opened 1976).

Agricultural: Dams and Irrigation Schemes - Orange-Fish Tunnel, completed in 1975, is the key structure by which water is delivered from Gariep dam to Teebus Spruit, Great Brak River and then
to the Great Fish River and Sunday River valleys.

The Vaalharts Irrigation Scheme is one of the largest irrigation schemes in the world covering 369.50 square kilometres in the Northern Cape Province. 

M-Net: (Electronic Media Network) - Established by Naspers for broadcasting local and international programmes.

Pratley Putty: Krugersdorp engineer George Pratley invented his famous sticky stuff in the 1960’s while looking for a glue that would hold components in an electrical box. Pratley’s glue is the only South African invention that went to the moon. In 1969 the putty was used to hold bits of the Apollo XI mission’s Eagle landing craft together. 

Pools: The Kreepy Krauly which revolutionised pool cleaning (invented by Ferdinand Chauvier in SA in 1974). 

By: Director Andre Roos, and Professor Leonard Masu
SAIMechE


          

The Engineer: Create, Imagine, Dare to be Different

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Engineering is generally recognised as a profession, along with other professions such as medicine, dentistry, law, ministry, architecture, and education. A profession which is an occupation is generally characterised by: intellectual effort, creative thinking and the desire for service. Engineering seeks to “employ knowledge” to create what never was or improve what already exists.

 

The distinguishing educational objective in engineering is design. Design is at the heart of engineering.Engineers design new things such as improved airplanes or appliances or materials or things that do not even exist as yet. To be creative, to imagine, to take risks, to “dare to be different” but not to endanger safety of course. Engineering creations must comply with the principles of science and that is the engineering challenge: to be creative but within the constraints inherent in a specific project.

 

The majority of engineers work for industry or government and only a small, but important, percentage is in direct contact with the public as consulting engineers. It is important that engineering professionals, technicians and technologists should be well trained, should be well aware of the demands of their activities and always act responsibly with the public’s safety in mind.

 

Challenges and anomalies

The environment within which engineering is practised is not perfectly designed though to allow for the engineer to follow a logical and structured approach and thus perform optimally. Rather the engineer is presented with challenges and anomalies, most often introduced by the employer or client, requiring the utmost professional conduct from the engineer, to arrive at a safe, economical solution.

 

Notwithstanding this, we do succeed in designing solutions which benefit our economy in a very major way. According to many commentators, growth in the areas of science, engineering and technology are a major catalyst for job creation, social upliftment and economic development.

 

Easy examples are the benefits to our economy of a good infrastructure including road, rail, harbours, airports, energy, communication, banking system, water, sanitation etc, all made possible by engineering. Unquestionably South Africa benefits from a good infrastructure, allowing efficient, cheap communication, freight and transport.

 

Standard of living

While our engineering accomplishments in South Africa have contributed greatly to our economic development, social upliftment and job creation, the need for increased economic growth demands ever more engineering contributions, also requiring an increase in the number of technically skilled artisans, technicians and engineers.

 

We have the engineering capability in South Africa to meet with most demands for engineering expertise and most probably the only constraint engineering faces in South Africa is a lack of development projects and funding. Due to our knowledge of local conditions, we are also well positioned to serve other African countries.

 

Engineering has been vital in addressing basic human needs, improving the quality and standard of living as well as providing opportunities for sustainable development in South Africa and has the potential to do the same for Africa.

 

We (engineers) have in the past and should continue in the future to focus on developing solutions to meet the needs of our local industry and population.

 

Article by: Andre Roos, Vice President SAIMechE (and Director: Megchem), and

Professor Leonard Masu, Vaal Branch Chairman (and Lecturer: VUT)

SAIMechE

As posted in the SA Mechanical Engineer, October 2017 issue
          

Sowing the Seeds

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How to turn the Public Sector into a producer of quality engineering professionals

 

No country or economy ever complained about producing too many competent engineering professionals. In fact, the opposite is true, and we are often reminded in the press about the link between strong economies and the ratio of engineering professionals in the population. South Africa has one of the lowest ratios of engineering professionals to the general population, and so we have good reason to focus on producing more of this valuable resource. We should aim to produce as many competent engineering professionals as we can.

 

The public sector has a perfect opportunity to play a role in this space, and I would like to share my vision of how this might be achieved, particularly in the mechanical engineering arena.

 

Every engineering graduate (NDip. BTech, BSc/BEng) who cannot find a position in the private sector, will be guaranteed a full-time position as a Candidate Engineering Professional in the public sector, on a minimum 36-month contract and at a salary equivalent to that of a junior officer in the defense force.

 

Basic training

There will be two intakes of Candidates per year. The Candidate will spend an initial period of at least 6

months in basic training at an approved mechanical engineering training facility which will offer exposure to the fundamentals of the occupational and practical aspects of mechanical engineering.

 

This will include things like fabrication, machining and workshop practice, as well as introduction to pertinent legislation (e.g, Engineering Profession Act, occupational legislation, basic conditions of employment, etc).

 

The Candidate will be evaluated in this phase through a combination of written and practical tests and examinations. It is not the intention of this phase to develop artisanal skills in the Candidates, but more to create an awareness of how the profession of engineering engages with the occupation of engineering, particularly in relation to the delivery of basic infrastructure. On completion of the basic training, the Candidate will be deployed within the public sector at national, provincial or local level, depending on requirements.

 

Candidates will be deployed considering a number of factors, not least of which will be closeness to their own home communities. Communities enjoying the fruit of their investment in the education of their children, and receiving decent basic services through the work of their own, should add significant value to this idea.

 

Evidence of competency

Candidates will be deployed to work on specific infrastructure projects which will provide the working environment within which professional skills will be developed. Although referred to as “basic” infrastructure, the engineering work behind successful projects still needs to take place and can be made sufficiently complex to serve as evidence of competency.

 

As part of the contract, the Candidate will be enrolled into a professional development programme in partnership with the engineering Voluntary Association most closely representing their engineering discipline.

 

All Candidates in all disciplines will do the same programme, aimed at developing and demonstrating the learning outcomes described in ECSA’s various competency standards for professional registration, thus paving the way for professional registration with ECSA. The programme will produce a portfolio of work for each Candidate, to be used as evidence of competence when measured against the standard.

 

An effective public works programme to develop engineering professionals will achieve two important things: add momentum to the delivery of basic infrastructure; and produce competent engineering professionals. And we need as much of both as we can get.

 

Article by: Vaughan Rimbault, CEO: SAIMechE

As posted in the SA Mechanical Engineer, August 2017 issue


          

A Flawed Process

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There are an awful lot of Engineers, Technologists and Technicians on the market seeking employment commensurate with what they were used to a few years ago. Employers have a choice today even though there are some categories that are hard to find or hard to fill because Engineers who are currently employed are not keen to move given the uncertainty in the market.

The numbers that have undergone retrenchment are horrendous typically in the EPCM and EPC domains. The opportunities for graduates remain consistent although employers are hesitant to undertake training programmes that graduates need in order to fulfill their professional registration requirements. It is an ideal time for this process to take place as long as suitable mentorship is available.

With the hopeful advent of the NDP, we should expect a demand on the engineering profession, but indications of this are slow in materialising. Infrastructure is in serious need of upgrading and development particularly in matters of water management and transport, electrical distribution and support of health care facilities.

What of manufacturing? Are we winning or losing this battle? All these areas of engineering activity need all the engineering disciplines and skills we can muster if the economy is to start growing.

Litigation process underway

Another serious matter has made itself apparent in our profession and it concerns the flawed process of appointment of the new council at ECSA. The VAs (Voluntary Associations) have followed due process, but essentially, the old council agreed on a list of people to be appointed as the new council. This list was then forwarded to the Minister.

When the Minister made the appointment, it was noticed that the list appointed was not the same as the list that was agreed upon by the old council. At this stage, we are not speculating on who changed the lists. We simply want to ensure that due process was followed as per the Engineers Professions Act (EPA). We believe, and after seeking legal advice, that there is sufficient evidence to the contrary and that the process was flawed, which concurs with the legal finding of the CBE.

Previously we sent official letters to the Minister of DPW and the office bearers of ECSA. They have not responded. We have therefore instructed our attorneys to lodge papers in the high court of South Africa. This sees the full litigation process underway.

ECSA is changing all the current systems to effectively disregard the services provide by the VAs in the form of committees. As to whom will now provide these remains to be seen, but it looks as though ECSA will be run by an administration, and hearsay is that they will work on changing the Engineering Professions Act.

 

How all this will align with the various Accords of which SA is a member is anyone’s guess.

 

It’s a clear case of government meddling in the profession without realising the importance of the role that peer group judgment plays.
          

An appreciation of the contribution by John Walmsley

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Our long serving Members will recall the articles written each month by John Walmsley who for many years was a member of one of the SAIMechE’s specialist groups, The SA Institution of Nuclear Engineers which operated as a branch of the UK body.

John passed away in October last year with complications arising from asbestos exposure in his early days. It is suspected that it could be a result of working with the type of piping insulation used in power stations.

John qualified as Nuclear Physicist in England prior to joining Eskom where he played a major role in the nuclear department and in the Koeberg Project.

John had a very visionary view on the role of nuclear power which was the main content of his regular articles, expressed in his skillful and erudite manner. He was an excellent writer, the quality of which was commented on by most readers. Writing a regular feature for a monthly journal with its unforgiving deadlines is a major commitment, especially when done as a free service and when it becomes an element of the publication that readers turn to with great expectation.

John saw a definite role for nuclear power in the SA mix but certainly not in the magnitude as currently identified by government. Disappointed at the closure of the PBMR project, he hoped that other developments in nuclear would emerge of the same scale. With his background in nuclear physics he was able to give some in-depth evaluation on the various technologies that are available and that are being researched and tested at present.

John was involved on promoting and encouraging the development of engineering resources for a future nuclear programme and had addressed many aspects of this including the following:

  • Promoting teaching, research and innovation capacity in South African Universities in strategic areas in the nuclear field
  • Facilitating nuclear skills development through skills transfer programs as part of technology acquisition from local and international suppliers
  • Creating a continuous pipeline of high school learners into the nuclear industry
  • Developing a critical research and skills base to support the nuclear programme

John retired to Fishhoek with his wife Susan and was a regular player at the Clovelly Golf Club. We had some memorable sessions quaffing good wine at the Waterfront pondering over the state of nuclear in SA and the issue of having the local SA branch of the UK Institution becoming an independent SA Institution which in fact did never materialize.

John will be remembered as having a sense of notable intellectual humour. His contribution to the SA Mechanical Engineer was significant.

          

Do we have a Trump card?

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I have been watching with interest the nomination process that is happening in the USA particularly with the Republican Party bun fight for their nominee. The debates are prolific with typical political innuendo and the desire to try to convince the public to accept each partys’ policies or attempts to have any. A rather grey bunch of the inevitable professional political candidates all seeking to make a living off the taxpayer by being elected to a nice paid position without ever really having to get any action to meet the word.

One exception has emerged in the person of Donald Trump. This has caused a great deal of anxiety in the ranks of the republicans and it seems Democratic Party as well. A number of reasons have caught the voters notice; he is not a politician being sponsored and influenced by election funding from future lobbyists and superPACs, he is self-funding his campaign, he has proven he is a successful businessman, he employs thousands of people including legal status Hispanics, and he is the only candidate who has raised the matter of illegal immigrants and bringing jobs back to the USA.   He has adopted a campaign message stated as “Make America Great Again”. What is striking is that his policies do not align with the traditional republican mandates. He is clearly showing the value of leadership and how desperate the people are for it. He is creating a movement.

The press has displayed its traditional biases but are finding it a challenge to have to accept his domination in the poll results so far. As Trump keeps pointing out in his speeches, the USA has a debt load of nineteen trillion dollars and growing as its trading partners keep having trade deals loaded in their favour. This seems to have missed the notice of all the other candidates. 

What if any message does this have on SA? It is not a trivial indication that the voters are fed up with political inaction and ineptitude. The real concern voters have is lack of jobs. Not too different from our situation. What is striking is that in the recent ANC’s national gathering to review progress and future action, the economy and jobs did not even get onto the 7 item “action” list. 

Daily we watch SA business shrinking into losses, projecting an uncertain future and now retrenching the skilled resources (largely engineering) that formed a major part of the scarce skills lists published (again) following the tabling of the stillborn National Development Plan. The most obvious question is how does SA handle the collapse of the resources and commodities bubble? It really did not effectively participate in the commodities boom since 2008, hamstrung by policy uncertainty, labour strikes and power shortages, so there was little if any funding stored away for the present rainy day. Where is a replacement strategy?

If one follows the logic outlined in RW Johnson’s recent book on “Can South Africa survive?”, it is going to require a very concerted and effective policy and strategy change to get us out of the declining trend which may inevitably go the way of Greece, and possibly going cap in hand to the IMF.

Does SA have a Trump who can get up and take a bold stance against our over politically mandated economy and lead SA out of our mess and into a promised land?


          

The implementation of the Professional Development Programme (PDP)

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The global economy is on the decline and that of South Africa is suffering from both that and its own almost endemic ability to mismanage itself into a siege economy where we cannot blame outside influences. We had better get on and dig ourselves out of this hole by adopting policies that have some economic structure in place of the focus on political mandate driven ones that seem to be in the DNA of most emerging African economies.

As Engineers build the environment, and that environment will need to keep being built and maintained, we as a profession cannot contemplate that we will not be needed. It is evident that whatever the growth state of the economy is, engineering resources are always a scarce skill, and whilst one may measure numbers and deny that this is a reality, when it comes to quality, skills and experience, it holds true. Don’t be blinded by cycles, they are fact of life. Of concern however is the growing gap in the age demographics where the rate of retirement from the profession and the lack of commensurate restocking from the entrants to the profession is causing the centre of gravity of available skilled engineering resources to move into the higher end of the age spectrum.

Your Institution over the last three years has developed and beta tested the PDP, and is at a stage where it is ready to move into a productive phase by involving all the necessary players. The goal is to produce professionally registered engineering resources for the economy. SA is still well below the accepted international norms of numbers of engineering resources per head of population, a relevant number if the level of a competitive industrial economy is to be achieved. In meeting this goal, there are a number of necessary conditions (NCs) that have to be in place and all operating at their required level of performance. No goal can be achieved if one or more of those necessary conditions are not in place or working.

The PDP business case has thus identified the following NCs.

  1. An accredited competency standard under the authority of a regulator – the New Registration System (NRS) with ECSA.

  2. Candidate engineering resources – graduates from tertiary institutions that meet the various qualification accords – Washington, Sydney and Dublin.

  3. Employers – providing the workplace environment and supervision roles.

  4. Mentors – registered and trained (by SAIMechE) in the application and facilitation of the NRS.

  5. Money – to fund the training and mentoring activities required by the candidate. SETA and any other funding to pay Mentors to facilitate cells of candidates.

  6. A curriculum that provides a methods guide to the parties that becomes "the rules of the game” for all parties to follow and which facilitates the processes that meet the needs of the candidates to be able to submit the evidence to the regulatory authority to enable registration.

It therefore must be clear on evaluating the above that if any one (or more) of these is missing or does not perform, then the goal will not be met. Registration is not an end in itself. It should be seen as the recognition of the ability to meet the appropriate competencies defined in the eleven outcomes, but also to provide the successful candidate with a basis of on-going improvement to aspire to meet the challenges of the built environment.

The PDP in fact under its facilitation and guidance, provides the successful candidate with an SAIMechE Certificate of Competence that meets exactly the needs of the NRS for the ECSA submission format.

In this sense, the SAIMechE is trying to be proactive and keep the show going however the economy performs. It is now time for these parties to get in on the act.



          

How about some innovation and action on the energy crisis?

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I believe that the real crisis in our base load system has not yet been reached, and the inevitable worst case scenario is to come if the period over the next 10 years is analysed. If we make an assumption (as naive as this may be), and the economy grows over the next 10 years at an average of 3% per annum, then the demand on the installed base load system will grow by 34% by 2015. If the effective available base load now is 40GW, we will need to add some 14GW capacity but that is only on the assumption that the existing fleet of units does not suffer incremental attrition through ageing and hard running that stresses the system over its design limits. 

But let’s look at the equations on the assumption that in this period Medupi and Kusile actually come on line and add 9,6 GW,  and the oldest of the 6-packs now running meet their end of useful life. The net gain would be say 2,5GW capacity. The chances are, over the next 10 years, that more attrition is likely. 

In the event that say 12GW of new base load capacity is needed, this is equivalent to 2,5 new Medupis or 6 Koebergs. We know that SA cannot build Medupis very well – so far double the initial cost and 4 years late with just the first unit. So don’t let’s kid ourselves that we will just hurry up building some new six-pack fossil stations, and the likelihood of 6 Koebergs or the equivalent in nuclear would take a minimum of 12 years for the first unit to be ready. Add to this the dismal record of state planning and financial control, and we can envisage the scale of the challenge ahead. It simply is not possible to quickly correct 20 years of perpetual erroneous thinking and insufficient action. A necessary condition would be the affordability given that SA is currently near junk investment status.

With the commodities market in decline and on which SA has historically depended via foreign investment in mining, we have to realise that unless we jack up manufacturing and are competitive in world trading, we are heading for what could be national bankruptcy. 

The current climate makes us more risk averse than ever. How innovative can we be? Some ideas.

If any funding for another fossil station is ever available, rather re-direct it to providing solar water 
heating and PV panels for every home in SA. Invest in the best PV panel, solar water unit, battery and 
grid inter-connect device factories with the best technologies that can take all low-order water heating 
i.e. hot water geysers out of the base load system, enable the PV panels to work both on-line back-feed to the grid and charging of the batteries complete in a one-stop package with inverters, switching etc. 

Train up Engineer and Technician teams to be able to install, commission and maintain the complete 
system. Do it all on a massive scale with private sector skills and sufficient competitive organisations as was done with the wind and solar farms. The technology must have SABS certification to avoid the 
bandits in it for the quick kill. This will require constructing an attractive long term cost to the user with 
the capital cost being tied to the asset value of the home via a structured debt note that stays with the
home or building. 

The incentives can be seen as the horrific on-going cost of Eskom-provided electrical energy, the stability of the returns that are associated with the mortgage instruments, and a base charge that is offset by lower consumption of high price electricity for low order energy use. 

Who then knows when electric car fever will hit SA? Could we take a leaf out of Elon Musk’s USA initiatives – SolarCity and Tesla, and if possible, license their technology? Tesla has, and is developing, a battery based on their current market leading Lithium-ion  pack design, to be provided to homes together with the solar energy systems, and where the car batteries, once they lose their initial high energy density, can be used for home use. So material sustainability is also achieved.

If a smart South African can go to the USA, invent and build SpaceX, Tesla and SolarCity, then come on guys, what are we doing about solving our SA challenges? And ours are not even rocket science which SpaceX certainly is. We tend to spend too much time looking for reasons ideas won’t work and playing the blame game.


          

You be the judge

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“The president again blamed the scheduled blackouts, in part, on the apartheid regime's failure to expand the electricity supplier's capacity. SA’s electricity woes are a "challenge", but not a crisis and the government knows how to address it”.

We can’t affect the furnaces, but downstream, we have to shut the mills for the times when we are asked to cut back. He explained that the R1.5-million-an-hour loss was calculated based on the closure of Vanderbijlpark’s hot-strip mill and its downstream operations, as well as halting operations at Newcastle from “the rod mill and down”. A CEO statement.

The view below is from an ex-Eskom Engineer. (1977 – 2004 - Forced to take early pension due to Affirmative Action) 
Eskom (when it was the Electricity Supply Commission) was one of the best power utilities in the world. It was owned by all South Africans, and was a non-profit making organization. Money was always set aside, by selling electricity for more than it cost to produce, making surplus for replacement and expansion (No World bank or Government loans). It created its own sinking fund. In 1994 it was turned into a business with the government as sole shareholder. This was done to collect further tax from those who actually pay for electricity and to provide a vehicle for the implementation of government policies in the form of job creation and black empowerment. Profits, and the money set aside for replacement, expansion and maintenance, was paid to the government as dividends.

The sole 'shareholder' directly appointed most of the executive, and non-executive directors. These appointments came out of the ranks of the ANC, and were people with little managerial or power plant experience. Appointments were often based on nepotism. 

They couldn't do the work, but the people who could do the work were retrenched based on skin colour, and some were then re-employed as contractors. Although no real additional work was getting done, (due to lack of funds because of the increased work force of roughly 23%) this was considered acceptable because the government wanted to reduce unemployment. In order to bring relief to poverty stricken townships, Eskom directors were instructed to produce the cheapest electricity in the world. This plan did not work, because of all the extra wages, contractors, a management team that did not have a clue how to run a power utility and which resulted in Eskom running into huge losses for the first time in its history. To compensate for this, the incompetent management team cut the maintenance budget by 55%. These were the first “cracks” in the once stable, profit making power giant’s foundation. 

You will have to live with it and decide if “it’s not a crisis and the government knows how to address it”.


          

The ageing of the baby boomers

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On January 1, 2011, the oldest of the Baby Boomer era turned 65. Every day for the next 19 years from that date, about 10,000 more (in the USA alone) will cross that threshold. This puts the starting date of the era at 1946 and the “end” date at 1965. The annual birth rate in the 50s was the highest ever in history.

We can ask what relevance this has to us here in South Africa where the population distribution is radically different from that in the USA. This however becomes apparent when we track the impact this era has had on the development of the built environment world-wide, which is largely engineering based. Post- war birth rate behavior was not much different in other countries recovering from the depression of the 1930s and the second-world war.

The baby boomer era was really the builder of our modern infrastructure as we know it. The rise of urbanization, consumerism, technology development and health care improvements among many changes took place rapidly, underscored by the focus on access to education and high levels of employment. 

If we reflect on SA, it is evident that the basic infrastructure of the country was developed in this period and well into the 80s. Multiple large projects were all happening in mining, power stations, roads, water storage and reticulation, industries, military developments, agriculture and travel facilities to name many. Urban development began with a vengeance and has continued unabated to accommodate the growth in the population. Urban development brings with it the need to provide power, sanitation, communications and general infrastructure and the services required by the citizens.

It is interesting to witness the trends that evolve with eras such as this. Aside from the social characteristics such the hippies, political protests, civil rights etc, there has been a decline in the building and replacement of infrastructure since. It leveled off by virtue of having met the required levels of need. Much of it has understandably worn out over the last 50 years and simply not either been maintained or replaced. It would appear that maintaining and refurbishing is not as glamorous as building from new. 

So we look at our own circumstances and in the domain of engineering it is evident that the same era built the bulk of our infrastructure, and much if it is ageing. More evident is that maintenance has been neglected in many cases and we are experiencing that on an increasing basis in our electrical power assets. Added to that is the “forced” reduction in skills and expertise which existed in that era of Engineers that built the power stations and distribution systems. Where we designed, constructed and commissioned many six pack stations, none of them ever displayed the horror that is being displayed by Medupi – 3 years late (so far) and getting on for double the capital cost, and add to this the cost of non-availability to the economy. It is thus worth noting: things are built by people. Better people build things better.

Of concern to the Americans is that the rate of exit of engineering talent is considerably greater than the rate of entry of new resources that have to be developed with the assistance of the outgoing skills. This is our own experience in SA where it must be understood that numbers entering the industry may be improving but the experiential training is certainly not sufficient. This applies to the trades as well. The average age of a qualified artisan in the USA is now mid- fifties, the same as ours.

This scenario then makes it very clear that unless we harness the ageing skills and experience of the baby boomer fraternity to mentor and upskill the young engineering resources entering the profession, where else will we get them?  They are not available in a box, a book, a video, a classroom or a memorychip. It is time on the ground with the human interaction, learning on the job.

Time waits for no one. The need is now. It’s time to start attracting the baby boomers to enter a paid mentoring profession.


          

The Reality

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The South African economy is sick. The diagnosis has been going on for a long time, but the prescriptions have been ignored. It is evident that the body may not find the energy and perhaps the will to recover without some serious surgery. The danger of infection is greater as the invasive nature of the surgery is complex. The doctors and specialists (quacks?) may not succeed in finding a recovery routine before incapacity of the patient becomes permanent. To make matters worse, the patient is in a state hospital.

I am writing these words as the engineering based industry, having just had a serious dose of platinum deficiency syndrome, is now steeped in a viral bout of non-metal-working plague. It is going to take a patient with a very strong immune system to overcome this one. Many of the limbs that support the body may simply not survive, suffer from permanent damage and shrink into a state of paralysis.

All the machines (that are working) are monitoring the patient as follows. For clarity, the health monitor dashboard terminology has been calibrated with economic metrics.

Productivity: declining with the record showing the index has shown a reduction of 41% in the last 10 years. The meter rider position shows that the current level is the lowest in 46 years.

Employment: declining.

Unemployment: Increasing

Economic growth rate: Declining, now below 2% pa

Rand parity with world currencies: declining.  Rand: US$  1994: 3.55:1   2014:10.80:1

International Investment rating: Declining towards junk bond status

Corruption factor in government and the economy: increasing, reaching epidemic levels

Infrastructure status, education and service standards: declining

Small Medium Enterprises development rate: at best static but declining in small manufacturing.

Inflation rate: increasing

“Real” recession: evidently active and technically in stage of stagflation

Cost of living of basic items basket: rising (at alarming rate)

Centre of gravity of skilled and experienced engineering resources: moving into 50-60 age spectrum

Potential for Engineers to survive economically at retirement: declining

I do not think we need any more metrics to realize that the patient is in really big trouble.


          

SAIMechE’s suggested contribution to solutions for the scarce skills challenge

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At the recent workshop held by the Department of Higher Education (DHET), the President’s Infrastructure Coordination Committee (PICC) and the Council for the Built Environment (CBE), the objective was to assess the status of the scarce skills in South Africa by assembling Occupational Teams (OTs) that would be assembled largely from the voluntary engineering organizations and academia. Two days were spent following the earlier work done by the PICC/DHET/CBE team to prepare a list of what was determined by the 18 Strategic Infrastructure Projects (SIPs) to be the scare skills for this programme. This list covered the management, professional and trades identified as such by the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFO) model.

The 18 SIPs are identified at a very high level, for example SIP1 being "Unlocking the Northern mineral belt with the Waterberg as the catalyst”. For what was alleged to be "security” reasons, not much else is published on this SIP to expand on the detail, but it can be reliably gathered that a large component will be for coal mining development to take up the supply that is dwindling in the Witbank/Middelburg area.

The projected list of scarce skills, when reviewed on the basis that it should enable some effective action to commence, is in my view a rather useless piece of data insofar as the Mechanical Engineers are concerned. It simply shows "about 500” needed at a scarcity level of "20-50%” whatever that may convey.

The SAIMechE team filled in their answers to the OT list on the wide spectrum of questions and these will then presumably be assembled and evaluated for action with all the others. Most of the questions we have been addressing for years that seem to do no more than lead to the next conference or workshop. One simply comes away with the feeling of perpetual talk and no perceived action.

The first concern the team had was that the workshop called for voluntary conveners to fill variety of time consuming roles, and this just seemed to illustrate a poor business model. Here we have the National Development Programme (NDP) with its first 18 projects worth hundreds of billions of Rand in total installed value (TIV) that has no funds to pay for a properly structured resource development team that would comprise a fraction of a percent of the TIV cost. It simply illustrates the importance given to this role in the success of the programme. There is no contracted leverage with voluntary teams.

The SAIMechE team made three constructive, actionable suggestions. Firstly, establish a top level professional resources team who would be paid to get the scarce skills issue measured and solutions developed, and which would be in a position to advise the SIPs owner’s teams on the appropriate resources required at owner’s level that could be seconded from the profession in a similar way that the accounting profession does for state bodies.

Secondly, develop a model for evaluating availability of scarce skills to identify the scarce resource with the relevant, engineering specific attributes. It is based on the Engineer’s credo that you do not know much about anything until you can define and measure it. Scarcity needs to have two references to be measureable: what you have and what you need. Accordingly SAIMechE could offer to facilitate working with professional engineering resource recruiting bodies to create a large and well configured, best-in-class, dynamic database of engineering resources for these and other South African projects. By simply stating that we need a number of Mechanical Engineers does not resolve the issue. The only time the real scarcity is known is when the employer specifies the need at granular level of definition. For example one can search on Mechanical Engineers and get hundreds, but then ask for those with the specifics such as 10 years of coal plant processing experience or conveyor and coal chute design, one may be lucky to find a few if any under today’s dwindling expertise that largely exists in near retirement age groups or who may have emigrated.

Thirdly, with this information and working with the employers undertaking the projects and who issue the job specifications with these details, we can identify those who should be taking on the Candidate Engineers that wish to do their training under the SAIMechE Professional Development Programme. SAIMechE would be the paid conduit to provide information on scarce skills to the PICC or the CBE on an on-going basis enabled by the dynamics of the model. We need to ensure that the expectation of perpetual voluntary work by professionals is not presumed. It’s a business reality to pay for value. It would it addition be of value to be able to second experts from the Membership, exploiting the immense, collective intellectual capital of the Institution and effectively meeting the essence of the mission statement.



          

The more that things change, the more they stay the same

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It is hard to comprehend that our once successful and world class power utility is now in such a parlous state of diminished competence. The engineering professions have since 1992 warned that, if the government believes in its economic growth projections based on GEAR and ASGISA, then as with any power utility that depends for base load on the 6 pack fossil or two reactor nuclear plant configurations, then start building them without further delay, and to stop kidding themselves that private power interests would want to get involved with investing here on the returns available with the (admirable) historically low unit cost of Eskom’s supply.

Aside from now facing the reality of a major national economic driver failure and the frustrations and anger of business and citizens, Eskom will have to face up to the formidable task of recreating the lost institutional memory and capital in the form of experienced engineering resources to manage both the capital programme and the maintenance of a very stretched system. My own observations and interaction with Eskom, commencing some four years ago on the efforts to provide resource input to the Capital Development Department have been nothing but amazing in the naivety and misplaced belief then that all new Engineers would need to be black females! The affirmative action obsession will come back and bite them big time. Eskom now faces the additional challenge of global demand for good and experienced power engineering resources. In a hysteresis-correcting like manner, they will have to bend back dramatically to reverse their losses, as their mistaken belief that training is going to solve this one should not fool the public. We all know how long it takes to mould a useful, productive, experienced Engineer.

Overall the blame for being politically naïve and failure to heed the advice of experts must lie with the government and the Minister of Public Enterprises. It is hard to believe that those tasked with the responsibility for energy management fell into the realm of unconscious incompetence ie they did not know that they did not know, as the warning bells were loud and clear long ago. I recall Ian Macrae, a past CEO of Eskom, stating "if you stop Eskom growing, you stop the economy growing” How true this is going to be. What must international investors now think about SA as an investment option? Load shedding, rationed power, inadequate skills to recover, the possibility of skills actually depleting further…..and worse, it seems not much convincing light at the end of the tunnel. It is now time that the government and Eskom paid some attention to the significant collective expertise that exists out in the community in the form of retrenched and retired white Engineers who have earned their T shirts in the power industry. Eskom’s current constraint to recover throughput as an active power generating asset will be the supply and retention of skills. It will take some inventive strategy to get that act together but until I see some real serious concern to realize this, then the consumer is going to add desperation to the frustration that power rationing, higher tariffs and unforeseen outages are the future for a long time. Below are some of the statements from the Eskom annual report which I include for a bit of light, masochistic reading:

"Eskom was recognised as a utility of global stature in 2001 when it received the Financial Times award for the Global Power Company of the Year.

Power outages in 2006 and 2007 have brought into sharp focus the vulnerability of the power system. Several factors came into play – higher than expected demand, unplanned outages, and more importantly, a diminishing reserve capacity. In recent years the reserve margin for generation capacity has shrunk to between 8% and 10%. We aspire to a reserve margin of 15%.

As the provider of 95% of South Africa’s electricity, our contribution may be the most fundamental of all in supporting economic growth in South Africa – another reason for the exhilaration and heightened sense of mission that have characterised Eskom’s activities over the past year”.

Missing conclusion: We ran out of power because, together with government, we were not competent or experienced enough to plan and manage the energy system of the country. Our exhilaration may be short lived, as the disillusioned consumer must now pick up the tab for our actions.

Just in case the reader did not notice, this is a word for word repeat of the SA Mechanical Engineer leader article of January 2008. The more they stay the same….


          

The gathering storm

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Engineering practitioners are feeling the pinch that is engulfing most of the citizens of South Africa. We observe daily the reaction to the rising cost of living, the almost demonic rise in basic expenses that far exceed the published inflation figures. We indulge in the ritual of finding reasons, and it being such an emotional issue, we collectively are failing to rationally respond to finding solutions. Let’s firstly take a look at one of the typical, evident symptoms.

The generation and distribution of electricity must without question be an absolute and necessary condition to enable a country to build a modern economy. A quick review of the history over the last two decades reveals that Eskom did not build any capacity into the system until the load-shedding crisis of 2007-2008 made it blatantly apparent that we were in big trouble. The projections by energy experts and Eskom themselves since 1997 were not heeded by government. It thought it would rely on the emergence of independent power producers and not did listen to the warnings that such players only took part if the investments made sense. Eskom had built many modern 6 pack stations that were considered world class and lead the way with large units, the use of pithead locations and the use of high-ash content coal. Eskom had developed a well versed owner’s team with a top level intellectual memory and capacity that knew about power generation, transmission and distribution. Their model was to design and install stations that did not try to experiment with untested technology and politically dictated management structures. It knew the need for experienced skills.

Fast forward to today. Our now infamous political interference habits are coming home to bite us. Eskom, on top of a few bouts of knockout increases in tariffs, then requires a 16% price adjustment per annum for at least the next five years. The surpluses that had been generated were taken by the new government for other uses instead of providing for a sinking fund. Lovely cash cow. Who worries about the future capitalization? This is then compounded by "removing” the retained intellectual memory and replacing it with an inexperienced owner’s team. This team manages to mess with maintenance as well, so that the reliability of the installed capacity is compromised.

Then the message hits home: we must build two new stations: Medupi and Kusile. We are not that good at estimating, especially as we decide to go for bespoke specifications instead of, under the pressure of the circumstances, relying on the experience of established project structures and know-how. The projected costs of Medupi rise from (well who really knows?) anything from R87 billion to now R105 billion and counting, and the date of first synchronization has moved from 2011 to 2014. The messages from the site are scary: you do not know it all. Be aware, things are bad.

So we connect the dots and what does it reveal? It takes no rocket scientist to figure out root cause. I have never indulged in that horror practice of being politically correct, and whilst I will say this, it is now the almost universal opinion in a noticeable crescendo.

Transformation without education.

If that is not readily apparent, then one should not be surprised at the dangers of a gathering storm.


          

For whom the bell tolls…

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You are a Mechanical Engineer. You work in the South African industry. It would be hard to find any activity that is some way does have some connections with the South African mining industry. Connections take the form of user of the mined commodity, supplier of equipment, supplier of services, and ultimately has some dependence on the value that mining adds to the GDP of the country. If you are part of a consultancy, a project management group, a construction company, a financial group and countless businesses from large multi-million Rand organizations to SMEs, it is very likely you will have connections with the mining industry. Mining flows in the veins of South Africans and so it should. We have been told that, following a Citibank survey, we literally sit on an un-mined value of some $2.5 trillion in commodities. The largest in the world.

Just what did we do with this asset that has been given to us for free and left to our collective responsibility as a result of our being the residents and citizens of the country? The early pioneers started out bravely, successfully investing money, technology, hard work and facing unprecedented risk head-on to build and place South Africa at the top of the gold and diamond production world-wide. We have some 80% of the world’s known platinum ore and a good deal of most of the others. We pioneered the mining of high-ash content coal and assisted in the design and development of boilers that can burn it effectively and efficiently to evolve some of the best and most admired and low cost six pack power stations in the world that supported the mining industry. In the early nineties we had some 800 high tech researchers across the board tackling challenges in the mining industry. We thankfully still have a flourishing mining supply industry that designs and builds bespoke equipment to service the industry here and internationally. We had the best Mining Engineers in the world, lots of them, and the older ones mentored the younger ones as a matter of course. We were King of that shining castle.

Take a snapshot today. What comes to mind? Marikana, closed platinum shafts, strikes, poor worker living conditions, reducing productivity, rapidly rising input costs, electricity prices rising at a rate to not only render a lot of mining uneconomic, but a lot of industry as well. We have dropped in the league of gold mining countries from first to fifth. Where are many of our talented mining resources? They are now running the mining industries in Australia, Canada, South America and Central Africa. Our research group has dropped by a factor of ten. International investors are openly advising that we do not really feature on their screens at present: the unchecked talk of nationalization, the regulatory confusion created by the MPRDA and SIMS reports has taken its toll. Perceptions are real, not imaginary as the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) seems to think.

In my book, if the rule applies that those who set the rules and call the shots must be accountable, then that lies fair and square with the DMR. It is not surprising that we see these debacles in the mining, energy, education, health, security and infrastructure functions in South Africa. When the goal is political power at all costs ably assisted by inexperience and an illiterate and innumerate voter support base, then do not be surprised when a competitive nation declines to mediocrity.

If anyone can propose a solution to extricate ourselves from this mess and turn ourselves up again, then we need all the help we can get. Otherwise the bell tolls for thee.


          

The steady decline to lowest common denominator

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I guess we have to criticize the laws of the universe, those annoying and inviolate laws of science and the basic engineering fundamentals for not taking account of the inability of those "leading” the functions of the built environment development and essential skills training in South Africa to achieve the standards required to meet these laws. Why uphold compliance with nature’s laws when it is much easier to change the need for them by a politically driven relaxation? It is clearly far easier to decide to set regulations for practitioners and contractors to use the surplus numbers of unqualified persons to be awarded government contracts for purposes of building the infrastructure.

After all, with this policy and approach we can meet the necessary political targets which seem to be far more important than ensuring compliance with structural, life-cycle and safety standards that have evolved over decades of proven engineering practice. We must learn to be satisfied with our new-found decrees from those that rule, and we can even indulge in some self-praise when we comment "……that bridge was nearly strong enough……… we were quite close really”.

So, in keeping with the above aspiration to continue our acceptance of adjusted standards and drive for the common denominator leading to "a better life for all”, the Minister, ably assisted by the cidb, has recently decreed the following”

"The key amendments include the removal of the requirement for contractors to have registered professionals in their permanent employ; this is to be removed as it is not viable to have such professionals in a contractor’s full-time employ". "The requirement for the Registered Professional is therefore being moved from a contractor registration requirement to a contract management requirement as a condition of contract”.

Essentially, the roles of the Professional Engineer, Technologist and Technician will now effectively be subservient to that of the registered Construction Manager on matters where professional engineering judgment is required. I guess with the comedy of the self-inflicted war games that have been played out between ECSA and the CBE over the important subject of Identification of Engineering Work (IDoEW), not much more could have been expected. Those unregistered Engineers or at least those practicing as such can continue to act without any fear of liability as the rules that govern registration, ethics and safe practice do not apply to them. The IDoEW deliberations commenced in 2006. It’s now 2013 and we are still counting. The profession has messed about arguing while we witness a steady entropic decline in the built environment.

On the topic of training of young Engineers in industry, I thought I would recall some gems that arose in 2012 whilst endeavouring to persuade certain employers to consider taking on basically good candidates and provide some development and experience to assist feeding talent into the skills pool.

"We do not have the time, the money or the systems to train anyone. Just find us a qualified and experienced Engineer. We need a PDI between 30 and 35, with 15 years experience as an Engineering Manager”. (Allowed cost to company will remain undisclosed here to protect the guilty.)

"We do not have time to train or develop anyone into this specialized role. Please find us fully qualified candidates who can hit the ground running”. No acceptable candidates have emerged to date.

Cyril Ramaphosa has confirmed that the ANC policy is to spend R845 billion on infrastructure in the next 3 years. I found that his recent TV interview conveyed blind optimism and was most unconvincing. I can only assume that he does not know that he does not know what is needed to do that properly. Professional government and provincial owners’ teams and supply contractor capacity appear not to feature in his model.

Anyone who cares about developing professional engineering skills should be made aware of the new candidate training curriculum that will be instituted by ECSA and the Voluntary Engineering Associations in April 2013. It identifies the exit level outcomes that define the professional and will be the fastest and most effective route to competence and registration that can be envisaged.


          

We re-visit the National Development Plan

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In June last year, the commission released a diagnostic document which stated that the elimination of poverty and the reduction of inequality were the objectives of a long term plan, but that nine key challenges stood in the way. Let’s call these the Undesirable Effects or UDEs for short.

  • Too few people work.
  • The quality of school education for black people is poor.
  • Infrastructure is poorly located, inadequate and under-maintained.
  • Spatial divides hobble inclusive development.
  • The economy is unsustainably resource intensive.
  • The public health system cannot meet demand or sustain quality.
  • Public services are uneven and often of poor quality.
  • Corruption levels are high.
  • South Africa remains a divided society.

Then, in November, the commission produced a draft National Development Plan for 2030. It contained recommendations covering the following areas. Let’s call these the Desirable Effects or DEs for short. We can see that these are in effect the inverts of the UDEs, and hence become objectives or what we will classify as ambitious targets.

  • Create jobs
  • Education and training
  • Expand infrastructure
  • Transform urban and rural spaces
  • Transition to a low carbon economy
  • Provide health care
  • Build a capable state
  • Fight corruption
  • Transformation and unity

Then comes the following, almost casual assumption: South Africa can become the country we want it to become. It is possible to get rid of poverty and reduce inequality in 20 years. We have the people, the goodwill, the skills, the resources – and now, a plan.

Assuming that the ANC finds the time at their Mangaung conference to review and approve the plan, then the 20 year implementation process has to actually start. The ANC has never shown any glory in action and implementation to follow their renowned rhetoric, so herein lies the test to see whether the assumption made by the plan is more than the usual innuendo.

Let’s take a reality check on the proposed elements of the plan. We can approach this with a mindset that has evolved from a fairly long exposure and many practical applications of the theory of constraints, commonly abbreviated to TOC. It is evident that this NDP challenge is a case of aspiring to a number of ambitious targets that not only require the full dependence on their specific necessary and sufficient conditions, but that such conditions can exist without any mutual conflicts. The practice of using the strategic and tactical mechanisms of the ambitious target process makes the assumption that the target is achievable and is approached in a confident frame of mind rather than one of disbelieving scepticism, which understandably, most commentary on the NDP has generated so far. Intuitively, the NDP is doomed to failure primarily as a result of an historical lack of effective management execution in SA. Any amount of political innuendo will not overcome that reality. What we can only hope for is that the government, as the sponsors so to speak of the plan, will draw on the intelligence, skills, experience and proven competence of available resources to set up, design, articulate, prescribe and monitor the plans making up what we should in fact call a programme, as it

will be a collection of interactive and dependent projects each requiring skilled planning and management execution. The best must be used, not the most politically favoured.

There is one very fundamental factor that will render this programme so challenging that it should convince us of the need for the most radical, urgent, collective effort. I will simply call it the Rule of exponential projections. It is evident in reviewing the listed DEs that every one of them is essentially population growth rate dependent. From 2000 to 2011 the Mundi index shows that the growth has been 12,8% in net gain of population numbers, or an annualised rate of 1,2%. This moderately low (recent) increase in the population was due to the escalation in HIV/Aids driven deaths. How this will change in the next 20 years is an unknown, but it could increase if the treatment measures are effective. 30% of the current population is 14 years old or less and all reaching the job market age in this period. There are an estimated 4,7m unemployed persons in the employment spectrum at present, so a rough projection shows that we need to create about 4.7 m, plus those jobs to employ the 14 year olds, plus the result of the population growth over this period. In my maths, the NPC vision to create 11 m jobs (see the plan) over the next 20 years means we shall have more unemployed in numbers than we have at present. So the elimination of unemployment and hence poverty would appear to be a pipedream and we question whether it has taken exponential growth into account.

Clearly economic growth is required to create these jobs and it has to occur at a higher exponential rate that of the population needing employment. How does one converge these two lines? We either limit the growth rate of the independent variable (population) or radically increase the dependent variable (economic growth rate). If not, the lines diverge and the problem becomes greater. Many goals are missed due to the prevalence of linear thinking.

The ability to provide the management execution to all these components of the programme requires skilled and experienced resources (primarily technical: Engineers, Technologists and Technicians) to be available at the right level and numbers to implement the projects: infrastructure for example requires that the reinvestment into the assets of the infrastructure must equal the rate of depreciation just to remain static. Again we will find that the curves diverge if we cannot reverse the current trend in historical deterioration of these assets without replacement. The infrastructure is currently in a state of serious entropic decline with little evidence of major projects in the pipeline.

If the growth rate of urbanisation which is a major factor in overload and breakdown of infrastructure exceeds the rate of infrastructure growth by only 3,5% per annum, the magnitude of collapsed and underserviced urban population with all its attendant troubles will double in 20 years.

What are the simple fundamentals that must be followed in the big plan or programme? Firstly, identify the goal of each ambitious target of the programme, identify the constraints, subordinate to them, elevate them and keep following this process ensuring that interim pre-defined milestones are being met. Prioritise what will drive the throughput to meet the goal. Do what should be done and do not do what should not be done. Do not waste resources and time, for example changing town and road names, when the resources should be used to manage the required activities to achieve the programme objectives. Utilise the best available management and capacity to execute the processes.

South Africa has a major constraint in the numbers of productive resources that it can apply to this pending challenge. Unless some sense is brought into the skills space alone that reverses the current trend to enforce misplaced affirmative action, uses the experienced skilled (and ageing) work force, raises compliance levels for entrance to learning institutions, discontinues the employment of political appointees into roles instead of competent persons selected on merit, reviews the negative impact of the labour laws, formulates effective policy on small business development, and identifies measurable, interim milestones over the next twenty years, then I have to say that the great plan will fail on the basis that reality is again being replaced with political imperatives that make the appeal of the planning commission to the public to join forces "to make miracles” nothing more than hollow rhetoric we have come so used to hearing. And the exponential rule waits for no one.


          

The crucial importance of the mining industry

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Most commentaries on the status of the mining industry in South Africa refer to the decline in our rankings within the international comparisons. Mining is essentially the industry that developed the SA economy and which spawned the support industries that provided the equipment and services.

Our unique Government Certificate of Competency evolved from the early 1900s to develop safer working conditions and improved skills for the activities of the mining industry. A recent international survey ranked SA at the top of the list for the value of minerals in the ground at the awesome figure of R2,5 trillion, well ahead of Russia in second place. With such credentials we have, however, declined in our competitiveness as growth markets have increased the demand for resources. We effectively lost out on participating in the last resources boom that witnessed countries such as Australia, Canada, many in Africa north of us and many in South America actively rise in the provider stakes. Various reasons are debated for this, but the most frequently identified are poor and slow policy making, the references to nationalization, the reduction in our capacity for research and development and the accompanied loss of experienced skills. In more recent times, the sudden increase in energy costs and industrial strike action have added to the reversal in our competitiveness.

In September the next Electra Mining exhibition will be held which is one of the largest of its type internationally, and which from all accounts, will be well supported. In particular the action in Africa north of us is significant and we have seen many of our project management, design and construction skills moving to manage these northern projects. Some of our EPCM companies have such projects that make up the bulk of their order book. Further afield, estimates put the human resources running the Australian mining industry to be over 50% of South African origin.

With the slump in the platinum price which has placed a number of mines on a caretaker basis or a scramble to try and manage with fewer contracted resources, can the stakeholders, being investors, government, and the mining industry address the skills issues that are even in the present circumstances in short supply? Most of those with whom I interact express the fear about what are we going to do when the lights really come on again - once the European and American recessionary conditions change and the world demand for minerals resumes?

Reports on the diminished R&D capacity and skills in the research establishments, that in the 80s and early 90s were world leaders in mining research and development, are of great concern as the ability to innovate disappears. Clearly mining activity also depends on reliable infrastructure and good logistics which are not well positioned either at present.

In the vein of " ‘n boer maak a plan” in which South Africans have shown an adept ability, can we tackle this huge challenge and get our competitiveness on the rise? It cannot be beyond our ability and willingness to do some serious mining skills development together with that needed across the whole engineering domain. It is time we saw some next steps in the action territory after the publication of the diagnostic report of the National Planning Commission. It could be in danger of becoming another book shelf study.

We really need to curtail our incessant, negative outlook on this state of affairs and try to get collective, positive group action to turn our mining status around. However, from where will this be triggered and what will catalyze the process?

Perhaps the Electra Mining event could energise some reality here. The SAIMechE is to facilitate the first of its Soap Box sessions which will be interesting to watch. Let’s hope the speakers will be able to address some of these issues and spawn some industry enthusiasm to make things happen. One can safely say that the survival of South Africa depends on it.



          

Feedback from members on candidate phase training

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As most members will have read about in recent communications, SAIMechE is represented on the ECSA Strategy Committee working group (WG1) that is formulating the curriculum structure for the revised process of undertaking the candidate phase training period for purposes of registration as Professional Engineer. The new structure will first be developed for the Pr Eng level and then followed by those for Professional Technologist, Professional Technician and Professional Certificated Engineer. The WG1 is comprised of representatives from ECSA and all the ECSA approved Voluntary Engineering Associations (VAs).

The spirit of cooperation between the parties is very positive, and it is encouraging to witness this collective focus which perhaps illustrates the concern that all the VAs have over the serious shortage of skilled and experienced engineering resources in the South African economy. Of note in the most recent deliberations on the input to the request by the National Planning Commission for a submission on the current situation on engineering in RSA, it was concluded that the country has one fifth of the engineering capacity that is required to meet the intended projects and operational requirements to start to move us into acquiring a developed country status. 

That as a snapshot of course does not reflect the issues along the whole supply chain in meeting the desired outcome of professional status of our engineering resources. This starts with the concern on the dismal performance of the schooling system in maths and science subjects where our education authorities’ pre-disposition to the lowest common denominator standards acknowledges pass rates of 30% as acceptable.

So what are the quick wins in this challenge? As the developed profession we must meet the needs of standards and sufficient numbers of resources. This requires us to do the best we can with the graduates from the tertiary institutions as quickly as possible now, while measures to beef up the capacity of the supply chain elsewhere are undertaken by "others”.

The focus is then on providing the Candidate Engineer with the best training and development methods and facilities during the first period after graduating. ECSA has developed the new exit level outcomes based competency standards which can be viewed on their website. These then form the first requirements in constructing the full training programme, and will be followed by the discipline specific guidelines for each discipline and aligning the generic structure of these with the requirements of the QCTO.

The aim of the latter is to enable ECSA to have the resulting curricula registered as qualifications with SAQA so that the employer of the graduates undertaking the candidate phase programme will be able to claim the relevant funds from their SETAs to assist with the costs of the programme development, the cost of remunerated Mentors and a contribution to the trainee’s stipend.

The VAs will be authorized by ECSA to oversee and mentor the programmes such that the trainee undertakes the planned activities and records the outcomes in a portfolio of evidence that form the submission for registration.

The purpose behind this article is to invite members to log in to the SAIMechE website, Candidate Phase Training Group to make suggestions and give feedback on their current and past experiences during their candidate phase training so that these can be reviewed and incorporated into the new programme. Such issues as mentoring, the type and frequency, the facilities that were needed but not available at the employer, the standards of supervision, the opportunities to be exposed to essential activities, the role observation and participation play in the process are all relevant to this venture. Please assist us in this exercise. The identification of engineering work legislation we expect to be promulgated by the start of next year. Hope runs eternal.


          

Our own tragedy of the commons

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 What is the tragedy of the commons and how could it possibly be considered to apply to our engineering environment? For those who have never heard of it or understood its meaning, it is easy to look it up and read up on the various ways it has impacted and will impact on the world in general. Essentially we should look out for it whenever a distribution system malfunctions that distributes or makes available to the users a facility that is regarded as available to all to be used without limit and to which the users do not contribute. The credo is "to each according to his or her needs”. Nature provides.


I see the tragedy of a commons result emerging in the South African technical resources environment. Not quite as easy to understand as the access to free air and water that is now believed to be threatened by toxic overload produced by the common user. No, the analogy is evident by the common employer, believing that the supply of experienced and competent engineering resources is available to all and will continue to be available without considering that each time a useful resource is employed by the employer to grow his business, the common pool of that level of resources declines. The issue then is if one takes account of the skill sets that are required in that resource pool, it behoves the employer to have a structured methodology of enhancing that skill set to replace that which ages out of the system. We are making the fairly obvious assumption that the economy is meant to be growing.

There is a widespread belief that it is up to the tertiary institutions to look after the supply of feedstock and training of these resources. Once graduated, the resource then seeks out employers who may offer employment but the active training of same is carried out by relatively few organisations when one considers the size of the total employer pool. Those that signed up a Commitment and Undertaking with the Engineering Council are the main contributors. It is the best we have. Do you know that with all the efforts so far to increase the number of black Professional Engineers, we only have 825 as at February 2011 out of 14659 Pr Engs in total?

Currently registered to undertake the EIT phase is 5514 in total, with blacks making up 1505. An encouraging growth here, but the rate of all applicants for EIT is growing and will grow faster as Identification of Engineering Work is promulgated and registration is then a requirement and not a nice-to-have. We need to rapidly make all these employable.

The most disturbing and silly belief in industry is that Engineers in their 50s and 60s are "too old”. Guess who decides this? HR. All so entranced with their own importance and convincing management that this is the right decision because of insurance and medical aid and pension issues, they appear quite unaware that this could be easily resolved by employing the mature Engineer on contract, and also have him supervise the trainee. I know of and have seen the mature Engineer run rings around the youngsters in the factory and on site, identifying non-conformances and improvements that the younger Engineers would not even notice. With the critical need for the experienced designer, supervisor and mentor for the trainee Engineer, who I ask, is going to provide this as we grow the economy? Does HR realise as a duty to its management, it must understand that as time moves on, so does the intellectual capacity built on experience move on? My message to HR: overcome your normalcy bias and help prevent the tragedy in our own commons.

I do not accept their excuses any more, and am intending to lead our own Tunisian style revolution to get this age fixation on Engineers out of the system. Just for starters, an ECSA based EIT committee has been formed to design, implement and co-ordinate the efforts of the VAs, the training community and the funding sources to be made available from the skills development levies of our engineering employers that go the NSF and the SETAs. This programme will require the services of mentors and clearly they will be drawn from our mature group. Join the revol.


          

The mad scramble is on again (Mar 2011)

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It may be safe to announce that the recession insofar as the planning and startup of big projects is over, and this is particularly so in the mining industry. Driven by commodities demand, it is evident by the day that the scramble for the limited capacity of engineering resources with experience in mining and mining engineering is on again. And it is not only in South Africa. Africa, South America, Australia are all in the market seeking the whole range of resources needed for mining projects. Traditionally, the next actions in the supply chain are the manufacturers, fabricators and suppliers of equipment and services. Very good for growth and employment generally. Accompanying all this however will be the pain of finding the right resources and the escalation in remuneration demands across the board. For Engineers, it is your time in the sun.

It represents an odd but understandable dichotomy: we have a serious unemployment problem with little realism prevailing as to how to solve it, mainly because it is the creation of historical stupidity in skills development only exceeded by the stupidity of the belief that we suddenly "create jobs by government decree”. But we have a serious shortage of the right skills and experience. The demographics show that the bulk of the best skills in the project development industry are in the age group 50 upwards right into the 70s. Whilst this phenomenon is replicated to a degree elsewhere in world, it is particularly skewed here in SA by the active "expulsion” of a lot of our talent through affirmative action. Studies show that many of the eligible emigration group, below 45 years of age, have readily left SA for options in foreign lands. A South African is the CEO of BHP Billiton in Australia and there are many SA's in the ranks of the engineering resources right throughout that company. The same applies to many other mining companies in other parts of the world.

The young feedstock to the industry is relatively inexperienced and the problem is that the mentoring capacity is so thin that this is almost non-existent. While local mining is growing, faster development is taking place outside SA, and economists that follow the trends are concerned that SAs' mining regulations, talk of nationalization, nepotism in the ranks etc is diverting investment elsewhere. BHP Billiton has $80 billion to invest in new ventures: none of it is going to SA new mining projects because it considers there are lower risk levels elsewhere.

Where does all this leave us? For my money, living in the engineering resources supply business daily, it needs some concerted and urgent action, not more conferences and debates. Firstly, the practical training and development of graduate engineering resources (Engineers, Technologists and Technicians of all disciplines) need to be able to engage in structured and well managed training schemes including time (6 months) in an engineering boot camp facility that will teach trainees the essential competencies and practicalities of (mechanical) engineering at the pit-face so to speak. Then 2 to 3 years in a structured and fund assisted professional development programme in industry. The PDP now being developed and honed by SAIMechE will be ideal, as it will focus on the 11 competencies required for registration with ECSA and align with the legalisation of identification of engineering work. Industry has to come to the party with proper supervision of the trainees.

As for funding, there may be light at the end of the tunnel. It appears (but do not hold your breath) that NSF funding for engineering training may shortly be available in realistically large quanta. The PDP committee will have met with other parties by the time this article is published and we can only hope that this expectation will be met.

Insofar as training and development of engineering resources is concerned, it is essential that this be provided and managed via the profession and the active involvement of the Voluntary Associations with funded programmes and mentorships. To the government, I say with confidence, we have the tools; provide the funds now seriously from the skills levy to let us do the job.


          

The Energy Conundrum (Sep 2010)

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 Electrical energy is the lifeblood of any country's economy and living standard, and the degree of development must inevitably be linked in direct proportion to its supply and consumption. With the pressure now growing to minimize the green gas effects of fossil based power generation, the move to renewables is gathering momentum. Added to this is the on-going dispute over nuclear power generation that is the only other form of large base-load technology with the exception of hydro power that is itself limited by the availability of sufficient water capacity.

While the battle between the reductions in fossil based power and nuclear continues with the usual largely misinformed input by the anti-nuclear protagonists, renewable energy is receiving a lot of attention in the forms of wind, solar, photovoltaic, biogas, wave and hydrogen. In SA, overlaying the issue is the impact of the large increases in the cost of traditional fossil based power created by the lack of vision and unbelievable naïveté displayed by the government in the years following the era in which we had surplus capacity in our fossil stations. Completely beyond comprehension was the belief by government that the independent power producers would suddenly emerge and be prepared to provide power at below cost, and certainly at tariffs that at the time meant a negative return on investment.

When the reality of the situation finally hit home through the load shedding debacle, we were then faced with the challenge of returning to the large "six pack” stations that were the norm for Eskom and which now had to be resurrected hurriedly, the costs of which now meant massive annual tariff hikes that will be substantial for the next five years.

The option of additional nuclear plants such as Koeberg seemed to feature in a sort of Nero-fiddling playback, and then we decided we had to dump the PBMR after spending enormous development costs and creating what must be substantial intellectual property that will, in the true form of these things, never re-emerge other than with competitors who will attract our brainpower.

The next amazing feature of this now manic-level response to the power challenge appears to be another illusion of adequacy in assuming we know how to plan ahead with renewables. One such illusion is the "plan” to have 10,000 GWh per annum of renewable capacity installed and available by 2013. This statement is reported in Engineering News on 23 August 2010. "Energy Minister Dipuo Peters was confident that South Africa would reach the target of producing 10 000 GWh of renewable energy by 2013, as set out in the renewable energy white paper of 2003. The target was said to represent about 4% of South Africa's total generation capacity”.

Given the 28 months left until the start of 2013 by which time the capacity must be installed, commissioned and connected to the grid which would have to be upgraded to accept intermittent input from diverse locations, then being very optimistic and providing 16 months to set strategy, identify parties, get licenses, do the EIAs, design, procure and deliver to a prepared site, then we would have 12 months to erect 1425 x 2MW turbines based on a load factor of 20% to compensate for the varied wind blanket. This factor is the maximum the Americans and Europeans have found possible from wind power. On this basis then we would need to install and commission 1,6 x 2MW turbines every day of the year including weekends and public holidays.

Whilst I believe in ambitious targets, this just makes one wonder who is advising the Minister and just how easily it is to influence non-technical people with illusory numbers. It took the Danes, the most advanced wind power nation in the world, over 30 years to install less than 7000 GWh in their well wind provided environment and with a grid that had been developed to accept the vagaries of renewable supply.

One does wonder who is planning South Africa's future infrastructure and how many engineering knowledge sources are being consulted or charged with developing such plans. Not once have the powers-that-be approached the SAIMechE to provide input to any engineering based plans.

The uninformed, as Lang said, seem to adopt statistics like a drunk man uses a lamp post, mainly for support rather than illumination.


          

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Mercedes-Benz: Internships 2020 in Pretoria

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Mercedes-Benz South Africa (MBSA) invites applicants to apply for Internships Programme for the financial year 2020 in Pretoria. This is a unique development opportunity for recently-qualified graduates, who desire to be an integral part of the MBSA talent pool. Internship Application Closing Date: 17 January 2020 Internship Location: Pretoria Internship […]
          

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Economic and social rights force us to pressure a return to the state

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Constitutional entrenchment is only part of the battle for recognition of economic and social rights, as many South African cases have made clear.


          

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Brazilian state completes first GHG inventory of emissions

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Pernambuco, Brazil, has today announced that it has finalized its first inventory of greenhouse gas emissions. Completed with the support of the Climate Footprint Project and technical assistance from partners Ricardo and WayCarbon, the inventory will support the state to enhance the design of its emissions reduction strategies.

Without a regional GHG inventory, governments don’t have a full picture of where emissions are coming from and find it challenging to decide the sectors in which to enact reduction policies. Through technical assistance from leading experts offered as part of the Climate Footprint Project, state and regional governments from Brazil, Mexico, India and South Africa are improving their emissions tracking reduction efforts.

The announcement comes during this week’s Brazilian Conference on Climate Change which is taking place in Recife from 6 – 8 November, 2019, and the Government of Pernambuco is co-hosting.

José Antônio Bertotti, Secretary of Environment and Sustainability, Government of Pernambuco, commented:

“Having placed climate change mitigation as a key priority for the state, we are now able to use the GHG inventory to direct the debate about the adaption actions required in each sector as well as to form the basis for reviewing our climate policies and setting numerical mitigation targets.

“The conference is an opportunity to bring key influential stakeholders together to discuss and make contributions to the fight against global warming. Together, we will showcase that Brazilian states are taking ambitious action and contributing to the achievement of global climate goals.”

The conference has brought together non-governmental organizations, social movements, governments and representatives of the private and public sector to discuss and formulate proposals that will contribute to the achievement of the Paris Agreement goals. At the conference, the Declaration of Recife was put forward, with organizations and institutions encouraged to sign and commit to collective action on climate change.

Milimer Morgado, Climate Transparency Manager, who attended the conference on behalf of The Climate Group and the project, commented:

“It is outstanding that Pernambuco have successfully completed their GHG inventory at such an early stage in the project. Brazil, and Pernambuco in particular, is one of the most vulnerable areas in the world to the effects of climate change, with low-lying coastal land at risk of severe flooding if mitigation action is not taken.

 “Pernambuco is a shining example to states and regions in the project as well as others in the Under2 Coalition and we’re delighted to see them meet this milestone much more quickly than we had anticipated possible!”

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Pernambuco, Brazil, has today announced that it has finalized its first inventory of greenhouse gas emissions. Completed with the support of the Climate Footprint Project and technical assistance from partners Ricardo and WayCarbon, the inventory will support the state to enhance the design of its emissions reduction strategies.

          

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For more than a century, beer-making in South Africa has been dominated by South African Breweries (SAB), a subsidiary of multinational giant Anheuser-Busch InBev. But now a growing movement of craft brewers is trying to get the nation's drinkers to broaden their tastes. Mexican drug cartels are making "mass quantities" of fake prescription pills containing the synthetic opioid fentanyl with the intention of selling them to users throughout North America, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) said on Monday. From the carmine bee-eater in Zambia to the spoonbill in Norfolk, the Daily Mail's Simon Barnes tells us the birds to spot and where you should flock to in order to catch a glimpse. Ukraine, Virginia, College latisse buy now australia Football Here39;s what you need to know. They're the Hollywood legends whose long-awaited stand-up tour kicks off in Australia in a matter of buy drug atopex tablets days. The Three II speaker has a phono pre-amp built in (so you can plug in a turntable directly, without having to slog back to the hi-fi shop to buy an extra piece of kit) In this half-hour World Sport special, Christina Macfarlane purchase now creon online uk sits down with tennis legend Roger Federer and others to speak about the Swiss maestro. There were 81,408 racegoers at Flemington Racecourse on Tuesday, the lowest number since74,843 went through the turnstiles in 1995. See CNN's Recep Tayyip Erdogan Fast Facts for a look at the life of the Turkish president and former prime minister. A 36-year-old Nepali became the fastest climber to summit the world's 14 highest mountains on Tuesday, scaling all the mountains in just over six months, his hiking agency said, a feat other climbers... New destinations are gaining favor, according to Sothebys International Realty, and some of the best bargains are in Dubai and South Africa. Its chaos, said one of the childrens librarians. Studio 10's Jonathan 'Jono' Coleman order genuine bethanechol has spoken bravely about fighting prostate cancer for a second time. Philip Hammond tretinoin order pharmacy australia today announced he is quitting as an MP. The four MPs trying to cling on to their seats are Dominic Grieve, Sam Gyimah, Anne Milton and Antoinette Sandbach. Mexico's foreign minister has said the country is seeking justice for the nine American women and children killed in an ambush. Michelle Hennessy reports. Sen Lindsey purchasing citodon online Graham said he doesn't plan to read the transcripts Democrats are releasing from the impeachment investigation and from Gordon Sondland, calling the process a 'bunch of B.S.' The godfather of art-as-expos has his first major survey in America in 30 years. He has some questions to put to you, too. French President Emmanuel Macron and Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday issued a joint statement reaffirming their strong support for the "irreversible" Paris Agreement on climate change, from which the U.S. announced its exit this week. Coffee drinkers have half the risk of the most common type of aclasta buy pharmacy usa liver cancer, a study by researchers from Queen's University Belfast has found. Marking his 50th birthday, Oscar-winning actor Matthew McConaughey joined Instagram, and his first post was vintage McConaughey. Im a little bit nervous perindopril buy store australia about it, the actor confessed. Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg will not get stock or bonuses that provide most of his compensation, according to the new chairman of the company. After years in Istanbul and Singapore, the tournament will be parked in Shenzhen for 10 years. Back in the Seventies, much-loved television shows were regularly turned into films, and for eager audiences it often proved a rather disorientating experience. Wine producers are grappling with a maelstrom caused by a warming planet heat waves, droughts, buy lotriderm middle east cold snaps, wildfires and more. must surely dedicated fe bu esther french lining der bitch thus
          

South Africa: Racist on the Run? Police Hunt Vicki Momberg

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[allAfrica] Cape Town -Convicted racist Vicki Momberg has become the target of a manhunt, News24 reports. A warrant of arrest was issued after she failed to appear in the Randburg Magistrate's Court in August following an unsuccessful appeal against her conviction of crimen injuria.
          

South Africa: Reprieve for Rand as Nation Dodges 'Junk' Status Rating

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[allAfrica] Cape Town -The rand has made strong gains against the dollar in early trading hours on Monday after avoiding a "junk status" credit rating from Moody's Investors Service on Friday, Business Tech reports.
          

South Africa: Zuma Revisits Stalingrad Defence in Bid to Delay Corruption Trial

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[allAfrica] Cape Town -Jacob Zuma has appealed a court ruling to try him on charges of corruption, enCA reports. The move comes after the KwaZulu-Natal High Court rejected the former president's bid for a permanent stay of prosecution.
          

Japan weighs the benefits of successful Rugby World Cup

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By Colin Wheeler So for England it wasn’t to be. Congratulations South Africa, and this will mean so much more than just winning a World Cup for the Rainbow nation as it continues to unite its diversity. But what a World Cup! Probably the greatest to date. Rugby World Cup 2019 was a tournament and ...
          

Work and home productivity of people living with HIV in Zambia and South Africa

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Work and home productivity of people living with HIV in Zambia and South Africa

Thomas, R., Friebel, R., Barker, K., Mwenge, L., Kanema, S., Vanqa, N., Harper, A., Bell-Mandla, N., Smith, P. C., Floyd, S., Bock, P., Ayles, H., Fidler, S., Hayes, R. & Hauck, K., 1 May 2019

Article in Aids

Publication details

JournalAids
DateAccepted/In press - 21 Dec 2018
DatePublished (current) - 1 May 2019
Issue number6
Volume33
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)1063-1071
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

To compare number of days lost to illness or accessing healthcare for HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals working in the informal and formal sectors in South Africa and Zambia.Design:As part of the HPTN 071 (PopART) study, data on adults aged 18-44 years were gathered from cross-sectional surveys of random general population samples in 21 communities in Zambia and South Africa. Data on the number of productive days lost in the last 3 months, laboratory-confirmed HIV status, labour force status, age, ethnicity, education, and recreational drug use was collected.Methods:Differences in productive days lost between HIV-negative and HIV-positive individuals ('excess productive days lost') were estimated with negative binomial models, and results disaggregated for HIV-positive individuals after various durations on antiretroviral treatment (ART).Results:From samples of 19330 respondents in Zambia and 18004 respondents in South Africa, HIV-positive individuals lost more productive days to illness than HIV-negative individuals in both countries. HIV-positive individuals in Zambia lost 0.74 excess productive days [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48-1.01; P<0.001] to illness over a 3-month period. HIV-positive in South Africa lost 0.13 excess days (95% CI 0.04-0.23; P=0.007). In Zambia, those on ART for less than 1 year lost most days, and those not on ART lost fewest days. In South Africa, results disaggregated by treatment duration were not statistically significant.Conclusion:There is a loss of work and home productivity associated with HIV, but it is lower than existing estimates for HIV-positive formal sector workers. The findings support policy makers in building an accurate investment case for HIV interventions.

Bibliographical note

© 2019 The Author(s).


          

Four Boks in Baa-baas squad

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Eddie Jones will coach a Barbarians side including four of South Africa's Rugby World Cup winners against Fiji just two weeks after they beat his England side in the Rugby World Cup final.
          

World: More than 52 million people across Africa going hungry as weather extremes hit the continent [EN/AR]

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Source: Oxfam
Country: World, Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Millions displaced; women, girls hit hardest; crises compounded by conflicts, poverty and inequality; $700m average climate-related losses; urgent action needed now

More than 52 million people in 18 countries across southern, eastern and central Africa are facing up to crisis levels of hunger as a result of weather extremes, compounded by poverty and conflict.

Some areas are facing a second extreme drought in four years and worse than that sparked by El Nino in 1981.

In the South, parts of Zimbabwe have had their lowest rainfall since 1981 which has helped push more than 5.5m people into extreme food insecurity. Zambia’s rich maize-growing area has been decimated and exports are now banned; 2.3m people there are food insecure. The situation is worsening including in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar, Namibia and Zimbabwe. There are reports of farmer suicides in South Africa.

Drought has also hit the East and Horn of Africa particularly Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. At the same time, record-breaking temperatures in the Indian Ocean have dumped ultra-heavy rainfalls into Kenya and South Sudan, causing flash-flooding especially along major river arteries. South Sudan has declared a state of emergency with more than 900,000 people hit by floods.

In Africa extreme weather events have hit many countries already suffering from ongoing conflict. Across the continent, 7.6 million people were displaced by conflict in the first six months of 2019, and another 2.6 million by extreme weather. In the Horn, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan have simultaneously faced over 750 000 people displaced by conflict and 350 000 displaced by extreme weather.

Scientists have demonstrated how climate change is increasing the frequency or severity of many extreme weather events. Over the last decade, these 18 African countries have collectively suffered average annual losses of $700m from climate-related disasters– and this is without counting the cost of these latest crises, says Oxfam. However, there has been minimal progress globally in raising funds specifically to address loss and damage from climate change. Africa contributes less than 5% of total global emissions but is suffering some of the most severe impacts of the climate crisis.

Officials will meet at the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMCEN) in Durban Nov 11-15 to discuss the future of Africa’s “environmental sustainability and prosperity”. Oxfam urges ministers to demand that industrial nations honor their promises to avoid escalating human and financial costs and to pay for damages.

“We are witnessing millions of already poor people facing extreme food insecurity and exhausting their reserves because of compounding climate shocks that hit already vulnerable communities hardest. They need help urgently. The scale of the drought devastation across southern Africa is staggering,” said Oxfam’s Southern Africa Regional Director Nellie Nyang'wa.

“In western Kenya, the crop harvest is 25% down and in parts of Somalia up to 60%. Livestock in many rural areas are emaciated and milk production is down. Cereal prices in some areas have rocketed up to five-year highs, pricing out poorer people. Nearly 7m people in the region are living just below the catastrophic hunger line,” said Oxfam’s Horn, East and Central Africa regional director Lydia Zigomo. “It is a vicious cycle where poor and marginalized communities, mostly women and girls, are more exposed to the climate crisis and less able to cope and recover from its harm.”.

Mithika Mwenda, chief executive of Oxfam’s partner PACJA, said “communities at the frontline of this climate crisis are overstretched and may be facing potential annihilation. But local people are doing everything that can to overcome the challenge. There are unprecedented levels of organization happening where governments have let local people down.”

“We’re seeing people trying to cope with shifting seasons and erratic rainfall by finding new ways to make a living off-farm. Women are coming together to pool their resources through small internal lending communities, buying food together, growing sweet potatoes instead of maize – all without outside support. Local people have the solutions but what they lack is resources, especially funding.

“Our leaders should look to support these community solutions to build up people’s resilience to climate change. For 35 years AMCEN has been a very important platform with impactful policies that have helped to create awareness of environmental sustainability. It needs to move away now from policy making to policy implementation.”

Oxfam is currently reaching more than 7 million people in ten of the hardest hit countries with food and water support, and long-term development projects to help people cope better with climate-related shocks. Oxfam plans to reach 10% of those most in need in these ten countries and is trying to raise $65m to do so.

Oxfam is calling on African ministers at the AMCEN meeting to:
• Insist rich industrialised countries decrease their CO2 emissions in line with the Paris Agreement's goal of limiting global heating to below 1.5C, and honour their commitment to mobilise $100bn a year by 2020 to fund climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts in developing countries;
• Demand governments agree to develop a new funding mechanism for “loss and damage” from climate change at the upcoming UN climate conference (COP25);
• Invest more into universal, high-quality and gender-responsive public services and strengthen tax systems in African countries to close the gap between rich and poor;
• Improve their disaster warning and management systems, and commit to re-greening and agricultural policies that target women and men small-scale farmers;
• Invest in “social accountability” projects that ensures climate finance can reach the communities that need it most, and empowering them in their own decision-making
• Engage women and girls in the planning, design and implementation of early warning systems and climate mitigation and adaptation programs
• Protect people who are forced to move so that they are able to do so in safety, dignity and on their own terms.

CONTACTS
• Spokespersons available. To arrange for interviews contact:
• At the AMCEN event in Durban: Asanda Ngoasheng; Oxfam South Africa Media Lead: Asanda.Ngoasheng@oxfam.org.za +27826109374
• Nesrine Aly; Global Media Lead: nesrine.aly@oxfam.org +447503989838; +201222486964

Note to editors
The 18 African countries analysed are Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Oxfam’s estimate of economic damages from climate-related disasters is based on figures from EM-DAT: The Emergency Events Database: www.emdat.be. Oxfam's estimate of displacement from extreme weather events and from conflict if based on figure from IDMC : Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre: http://www.internal-displacement.org/

In 2013, CoP agreed to establish the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage which outlines the responsibility of rich developed nations to help communities overcome the loss and damage from climate disasters. Since then, zero progress has been made in ensuring financial support for loss and damage to these communities.

Oxfam is responding to the humanitarian needs in Ethiopia, DRC, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. For more details please check Oxfam.org


          

World: Knowledge for Children in Africa: 2019 Publications Catalogue

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Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Foreword

Every year, UNICEF and partners generate a wealth of evidence on the situation of children in Africa. Knowledge and evidence are essential to informing the development, implementation, and monitoring of relevant policies and programmes for the realization of children’s rights. To this end, UNICEF Regional Directors in Africa are pleased to present the 2019 edition of the Knowledge for Children in Africa Publications Catalogue.

The 2019 edition of the catalogue features 107 reports and studies on the situation of children, young people, and women in Africa. These publications represent the collective knowledge generated by UNICEF Country and Regional Offices during the year, and capture the work of UNICEF and partners to support the rights and well-being of children across the continent.
The publications cover a wide range of topics. Publications are listed under the following categories:

  • Child Poverty
  • Child Protection
  • Child-Sensitive Social Protection
  • Education and Early Childhood Development
  • Financing for Development: Public Finance for Children
  • HIV and AIDS
  • Humanitarian Action, Resilience and Peacebuilding
  • Maternal, Newborn and Child Health
  • Nutrition
  • Situation Analysis and Socioeconomic Development
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Many of the publications are, or will be, available online. The entry for each study or report includes a short description, as well as information on the authors and contributors, planned publication date, and contact details for obtaining additional information.
Evidence plays a critical role in shaping successful initiatives in support of children and women.
We sincerely hope that you will find the publications listed in this catalogue to be a helpful resource for evidence-based decision making and programming.

Ted Chaiban Regional Director UNICEF Middle East and North Africa

Mohamed Malick Fall Regional Director UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa

Marie-Pierre Poirier Regional Director UNICEF West and Central Africa


          

Commonwealth Virtual Institute in March 2020

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From the ISBGFH:

THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR BRITISH GENEALOGY AND FAMILY HISTORY
PRESENTS COMMONWEALTH VIRTUAL INSTITUTE


The ISBGFH is pleased to announce their Virtual Institute which will run from March 16-19, 2020. The theme for this Institute is Researching in Commonwealth Countries. Each day of the Institute will feature 4 presentations on a particular Commonwealth Country:

Monday March 16 – Canadian Research presented by Kathryn Lake Hogan, UE, PLCGS. Kathryn is a Canadian professional genealogist who revels in teaching people how to find their ancestors in Canada. She is the founder and owner of the Canadian-based genealogy business, Looking4Ancestors.

Tuesday March 17 – South African Research presented by Sue McNelly. Sue is a professional genealogist based in Phoenix, Arizona, with over 16 years of experience. Born in South Africa to her English father and South African mother, Sue’s roots are predominantly English with a little Scottish, Irish and of course South African, to add to the mix. Sue is the owner of KindredPast, a genealogy company focusing on research in South Africa, England, and the Isle of Man.

Wednesday March 18 – British India Research presented by Emma Jolly. Emma Jolly MA is a professional genealogist and writer. Based in London, Emma writes regularly for family history publications and is the author of four books. Emma's media work includes radio and television appearances, as well as research for British and Swedish television channels, independent production companies, and national newspapers. She also edits the monthly newsletter of the Society of Genealogists. Emma specializes in genealogy problem-solving, tracing living relatives (alongside DNA test analysis), London history, social history, women's history and the British in India.

Thursday March 19 – Australian Research presented by Kerry Farmer. Kerry Farmer is a researcher, presenter and teacher in genealogical studies. She is on the Board of the Society of Australian Genealogists and convener of their Education Committee. She is Director of Australian Studies for the National Institute for Genealogical Studies, developing their Australian Records courses.
**Please note that this will be a late afternoon/evening series given the time zone differences**

$70usd per day. $249usd for all 4 days.
Registration allows you access to recordings of the presentations until April 30th
To register: https://isbgfh.wildapricot.org/

(With thanks to Christine Woodcock)

Chris

Order Tracing Your Irish Family History on the Internet (2nd ed) at https://www.pen-and-sword.co.uk/Tracing-Your-Irish-Family-History-on-the-Internet-Paperback/p/16483. My next Scotland 1750-1850: Beyond the OPRs course starts 4 November 2019 - see https://www.pharostutors.com/details.php?coursenumber=302. Further news published daily on The GENES Blog Facebook page, and on Twitter @genesblog.
          

Port of Mumbai , India to Port of Durban, South Africa

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Port of Mumbai , India to Port of Durban, South Africa
          

#PODCAST: Google Assistant's new speech technology is "slowly bridging the gap between man and machine"

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Shanell Daniel - While "um's" and "uh's" are against the laws of language, these utterances are now part of Google Assistant's speech output. In this week's Techno Touch, CEO and Chief Innovation Analyst at Product of the Year South Africa, Preetsh Sewraj says Google's voice-controlled technologies are sounding increasingly human-like and will now accurately complete your searches, even with impromptu language prompts. Sewraj says in due time it will become increasingly difficult to determine the difference between a human voice and a digital one...
          

#PODCAST: A mixed bag for recruitment agency "Jack Hammer", as they release their Annual Bonus and Salary Survey

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Prabashini Moodley - The Annual Bonus and Salary Survey by recruitment agency Jack Hammer shows that 56% of senior professionals in South Africa have low expectations for a bonus this year, while 33% expect no increase next year. According to their Chief Operating Officer Advaita Naidoo, this has been a result of South Africa's economy being under severe strain hence effecting business profitability. Naidoo says, expectations for bonuses and increases have steadily dropped since 2016...
          

#PODCAST: @r2kcampaign explain why its crucial that South Africans know how political party funding is secured

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Prabashini Moodley - As the saying goes "he who pays the piper, calls the tune" - and that's the words of Right2Know co-ordinator Ghalib Galant who says, it's crucial that South Africans know how political party funding is secured. The advocacy group will today host a panel discussion at Constitution Hill in Johannesburg on reforms and stagnation towards the transparency of party funding. This comes after Parliament's portfolio committee on Justice and Correctional Services last month adopted a new bill which will require political parties to record their funding. Galant says, funding needs to be transparent so investors are not given political power...
          

#PODCAST: A brief sigh of relief for motorists, as all grades of petrol drop by 13 cents a litre

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Hoosen Ebrahim - Since midnight last night - South African motorists have been experiencing some relief at the pumps. According to the Energy Department, all grades of petrol dropped by 13 cents a litre, diesel by 14 to 16 cents - while paraffin will drop by 31 cents a litre. Spokesperson for the Automobile Association (AA) - Layton Beard, spoke to Newsbreak's Hoosen Ebrhaim and explained what the fuel decrease is attributed to...
          

#PODCAST: #JacobZuma believes that the judges who denied him his permanent stay of prosecution, were wrong

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SABC News and Current Affairs — Former President Jacob Zuma believes that the Judges who denied him his permanent stay of prosecution application have erred in their findings. Last month, a full bench of the High Court in Pietermaritzburg ruled against the application of a permanent stay of prosecution by both Zuma and his co-accused, the French arms company Thales. The two are facing fraud, corruption, racketeering and money laundering charges. The charges against them emanate from the multi-billion rand procurement of weapons for the South African National Defence Force. The former President has now filed an application for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court of Appeal. Vusi Makhosini reports...
          

#PODCAST: 1860 FOCUS - Judge Thumba Pillay details the impact of indentured labourers who "awakened South Africa"

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Tashlan Naidoo - This November Newsbreak are paying tribute to the Indian indentured labourers who settled in South Africa in 1860. In commemorating 159 years since their arrival - Newsbreak will be bringing you exclusive interviews and literature readings about your ancestors who arrived in South Africa to plough sugarcane fields. Today, we speak to anti-apartheid activist and former High Court and Electoral Court judge - Thumba Pillay. Judge Pillay details the enormous impact of indentured forbearers who advanced and awakened South Africa both agriculturally and politically...
          

#PODCAST: The public has until the end of November to make submissions on the National Health Insurance (NHI) bill

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Hoosen Ebrahim - The public has until the end of this month to make submissions on the National Health Insurance (NHI) Bill. Parliament's Portfolio Committee on Health started its second round of public hearings on the bill over the weekend. The objective of the bill is to achieve universal access to quality health care services in South Africa. The committee called for written submissions from the public on the bill at the beginning of September 2019. Chairperson for the Portfolio Committee on Health - Dr Sibongiseni Dhlomo explains how the public can contribute or have their say by submitting their applications...
          

#PODCAST: SAPS send a stern warning to illegal dispensaries and outlets selling cannabis products

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Shanell Daniel - The South African police have issued a stern warning to illegal dispensaries and outlets marketing and selling cannabis-related products. This after the Constitutional Court ruled last year that the use and cultivation of cannabis "in a private space" for personal consumption are no longer criminal offences. Police spokesperson Brigadier Vishnu Naidoo, says DEALING in cannabis remains a serious criminal offence in terms of the Drugs and Drug Trafficking Act. He says anyone found to act against the warning will face the full might of the law...
          

#PODCAST: In our Legends series, we profile internationally recognised singer/songwriter - @shashikamooruth

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Taliesha Naidoo - South African-born singer / songwriter - Shashika Mooruth, has proved passion for music knows no bounds. In this week's Newsbreak Legends feature, Taliesha Naidoo profiles the internationally recognised songstress...
          

#PODCAST: 1860 FOCUS - Ela Gandhi looks back at the strides made by people of Indian origin in South Africa #159Years

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Matthew Veeran - This November Newsbreak will be paying tribute to the Indian indentured labourers who settled in South Africa in 1860. Commemorating 159 years since their arrival - we'll be bringing you exclusive interviews about your ancestors. Today we speak to social activist and philanthropist Ela Gandhi, who describes the strides made by people of Indian origin here in South Africa. Ela also spoke about how her grandfather - Mahatma Gandhi -worked to assist the indentured labourers, as they were often mistreated by employers...
          

#PODCAST: "SA lifting the World Cup has trailblazed the transformation agenda of local rugby" - Prof. Ashwin Desai

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Taresh Harreeparshad - South Africans remain bound by a thread of green and gold as unified celebrations continue following the Springboks record equalling third World Cup title win this weekend. The Boks beat England 32-12 in Japan. Siya Kolisi lead the squad to the convincing win - and in so doing inspired an entire nation to work together in order achieve great results. Sociologist Prof. Ashwin Desai says Kolisi's feat has trailblazed the transformation agenda of SA rugby by leaps and bounds...
          

#PODCAST: Newsbreak Talk joins in on the celebrations as the @Springboks lift the Webb Ellis Cup! #RWC2019

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Taresh Harreeparshad - Taresh hosts NB Talk shortly after South Africa's massive win over England at the Rugby World Cup in Japan. Listen back to the jubilation and pride - as we get comment from both our reporters on the field and our audience around the country...
          

#PODCAST: South Africa mourns veteran broadcaster, Xolani Gwala

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer, Taliesha Naidoo - Tributes are pouring in for seasoned broadcaster, Xolani Gwala. He lost his battle with stage 4 Colon Cancer - aged 44. With nearly 20 years in broadcast journalism, in South Africa and abroad, Gwala has earned the respect of newsmakers and audiences across the country. His radio journey had started right here on Newsbreak. Former senior producer - Ashok Ramsarup says Gwala produced some of the country's finest pieces of current affairs.....
          

#PODCAST: Study reveals one person dies of a rabies infection every 15 minutes across the world

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer, Shanell Daniel - One person dies of a rabies infection every 15 minutes. That's according to Doctor Nasiha Soofie, Medical Head for Sanofi Pasteur Vaccines in South Africa. With most cases being transmitted by dogs and between 5 and 30 human rabies cases confirmed annually, the global fight against rabies has come under the spotlight. Soofie says the rabies vaccine can prevent a bite from ending a life...
          

#PODCAST: Former Springbok Legend Kobus Wiese gives his thoughts on tomorrow's massive #RWC2019 FINAL

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Matthew Veeran - The excitement is building for tomorrow's massive Rugby World Cup final between South Africa and England. Speaking ahead of the clash at Japan's Yokohama Sadium, former Springbok lock Kobus Wiese - says he expects a very tight affair on Saturday morning. In the semi-final stage England beat the defending champions New Zealand 19-7. The Springboks meanwhile, beat Wales 19-16 the following day to set up a rematch of the 2007 final. Team news suggests that neither side has made any significant changes - but the Boks will have Cheslin Kolbe back from injury. Weise says that while England may go into the game as favourites, the Bokke cannot be counted out...
          

#PODCAST: 1860 FOCUS: "KZN economy built on the back of the Indian indentured labourers" - Mangosuthu Buthelezi

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Taresh Harreeparshad - This November Newsbreak will be paying tribute to the Indian indentured labourers who settled in South Africa in 1860. Commemorating 159 years since their arrival - we'll be bringing you exclusive interviews about your ancestors. Former IFP President - Mangosuthu Buthelezi has shared a very close relationship with the Indian-origin community over the years. The 91-year-old says the KwaZulu-Natal-Natal economy was built on the back of the Indian indentured labourers...
          

#PODCAST: Over 200 people living in an abandoned building forced to vacate - as the owners return 25 years later

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Magashini Mottian - 241 families who lived in a privately-owned building for 25 years in Sirdar Road, Clairwood - will now have to vacate the premises today. The owners, who abandoned the building during these years, now want it back. There have been legal battles, complaints to the municipality, permission to have more time - even written letters to the South African Human Rights Commission, to allow the residents to still reside there. Ward Councillor in the area - Sharmaine Sewshanker - says that the municipality has been aware of this matter and its their responsibility to provide these people with their basic need of housing*... *The eThekwini City Manager - Sipho Nzuza, could not be reached for comment.
          

#PODCAST: We find out about the ancient Japanese art-form of Bonsai and give tips on how to keep them "Instagram worthy"

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Magashini Mottian - Bonsai is a Japanese art form which uses cultivation techniques to produce miniature trees that mimic the shape and scale of full size trees. The tradition dates back over a thousand years and in South Africa, there are numerous bonsai species. Enthusiasts often promote the art of Bonsai by learning the aesthetic and form of smaller plants. Alan Grant - a Bonsai specialist and nursery owner, says Bonsais are like pets. In this week's Greenscene, Grant explains how one can cultivate and care for Bonsais...
          

#PODCAST: IRR's Ian Cruickshanks - "Expectations are high for Tito Mboweni's mini-budget today" #MTBPS2019

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SABC News and Current Affairs — By Newsbreak Producer Matthew Veeran - Finance Minister Tito Mboweni is expected to present the medium term budget statement along with the final version of his economic strategy this afternoon. The mini-budget, is expected to lay bare the country's economic woes. The speech will also highlight several areas that have moved from bad to worse in the economy. Ian Cruickshanks, Chief Economist for the South African Institute of Race Relations, says expectations are high for the medium-term budget policy statement...
          

Free State-Potchefstrom Call for Pure SSD Chemical Solution +27672493579 for Cleaning Black Coated Notes in Durban,Gauteng,Limpopo,Free State,Mpumalanga,KwaZulu

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Free State-Potchefstrom Call for Pure SSD Chemical Solution +27672493579 for Cleaning Black Coated Notes in Durban,Gauteng,Limpopo,Free State,Mpumalanga,KwaZulu Natal,Eastern Cape,Western Cape,North West,Northern Cape,Pretoria,Johannesburg,Harare,Sasolburg,South Africa,USA,Canada,Malawi,Ghana,United Kingdom,Italy,Morocco,Uganda,Rwanda,Kenya,Norway,Belgium,Switzerland,Zambia,Kenya,Qatar,Afghanistan,Sudan,Peru,Mexico,Morocco,Libya,Iran,Iraq,Zimbabwe,Ghana,Austria,Australia,Italy. we […]

The post Free State-Potchefstrom Call for Pure SSD Chemical Solution +27672493579 for Cleaning Black Coated Notes in Durban,Gauteng,Limpopo,Free State,Mpumalanga,KwaZulu appeared first on Anuncios gratis en Ecuador.


          

Nagra and Openview extend partnership

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Kudelski Group’s Nagra has extended its content protection partnership with the South African FTA DTH operator Openview. Its cardless content protection solutions will continue to secure eMedia, Openview’s free-to-view (FTV) satellite platform. Commenting on the development, Antonio Lee, the COO of eMedia, owners of Openview, said: “Since launching our platform, we have reached 1.8 million […]
          

Zamalek beat South Africa U-23 in friendly

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Zamalek have beaten South Africa’s U-23 side in a 67-minute friendly ahead of the start of the U-23 AFCON on Friday November 8. South Africa were drawn in Group B alongside defending champions Nigeria as well as Zambia and Ivory Coast. READ: South Africa reveal U-23 AFCON squad In preparation for the tournament, the Bafana […]

The post Zamalek beat South Africa U-23 in friendly appeared first on KingFut.


          

Comment on LGBTQ Sickness In America! by Ghanaian Homosexual

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Brother just answer me these questions. 1) Many straight people on youtube don't want children. (Far outnumbering gays) 2) Many straight people practice sodomy heterosexually. (Far outnumbering gays) 3) Who you are attracted to is NOT a choice...are you attracted to men? 4) Nobody has the the right to "disagree" with someone..that's call a BIGOT 5) We are making inroads in many African Countries, you know nothing of Africa. (Ghana, South Africa, Namibia) 6) LGBT's ultimate agenda is to be accepted just like Adultery is. We will not fail, no matter how hard you try. Maybe the fact you are arguing so hard is you are "questioning" your sexuality too. I feel sorry for you.
          

Africa: Springboks' Triumph Provides Hope for Country and Continent

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[SAIIA] The power of sport to bring people together was on display when underdogs South Africa upset a previously rampant England 32-12 in the Rugby World Cup Final on 2 November in Yokohama, Japan.
          

11/7/2019: SPORT: Medals outrage took focus off Cup success

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THE aftermath of the Rugby World Cup final was quite the disappointment. South Africa broke through for their third world title, keeping their perfect record in World Cup grand finals, against an England team who were simply outplayed after they...
          

Eskom’s burning diesel, pumping water again to avoid load shedding

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In today’s edition of “What’s New?”, Eskom is still struggling to avoid load shedding in South Africa this week. After it issued a dire...

The post Eskom’s burning diesel, pumping water again to avoid load shedding appeared first on Memeburn.


          

Trumpeter TU09516

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South African Rooikat AFV. Price:£57.99
          

ASARECA kicks off implementation of CAADP-XP4 project targeting climate change mitigation

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By Alis Okonji

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA--ASARECA and other Pillar 4 Institutions are set to start implementation of the Development Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture (DeSIRA) project, supported by a grant from the European Commission (EC) and managed by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).


          

(ISR-Shoham) Sr Dir HR Teva Israel

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Sr Dir HR Teva Israel **Date:** Nov 6, 2019 **Location:** Shoham, IL, 1111 **Company:** Teva Pharmaceuticals **Company Info** Teva is a global pharmaceutical leader and the world's largest generic medicines producer, committed to improving health and increasing access to quality health solutions worldwide. Our employees are at the core of our success, with colleagues in over 80 countries delivering the world's largest medicine cabinet to 200 million people every day. We offer a uniquely diverse portfolio of products and solutions for patients and we've built a promising pipeline centered around our core therapeutic areas. We are continually developing patient-centric solutions and significantly growing both our generic and specialty medicines business through investment in research and development, marketing, business development and innovation. This is how we improve health and enable people to live better, healthier lives. Join us on our journey of growth! **Job Description** HR Director for Teva’s Commercial business in Israel and overall responsibility for the HR in the cluster including Israel, Ukraine, Turkey, South Africa and SLE, covering over 900 employees. 1. Business Partnering & People Strategy + Collaborate closely with head of cluster to define and implement business-specific programs to ensure a culture of high performance, engagement and compliance across the region. + Define a long-term human capital plan to deliver the right capabilities in the right locations, with effective governance to identify and mitigate risk. Break the long-term plan into component and achievable parts with relevant metrics and milestones. + Support cluster leadership team in effectively deploying performance management and rewards processes/practices to drive required levels of employee accountability for desired performance results and ensure retention of top performers. + Ensure the cluster and country leaders have the right level of HR partnering to deliver similar people strategies and tactics to ensure achievement of business objectives and performance goals. 2. Talent Management & Organizational Capability + Develop and execute a plan to define, prioritize, and deliver current and future talent and capability requirements. + Ensure talent and succession practices are effectively executed across the cluster. + Coach Cluster Head, Country General Managers and local HR teams to ensure the appropriate level of focus is placed on assessing talent capabilities, planning succession, and taking action to develop talent. + Ensure critical positions are filled to meet requirements. 3. HR Service Delivery + Collaborate with HR colleagues regionally and globally to ensure that business decisions and actions are fully executed per the agreed upon plans. + Collaborates with HR community to ensure Teva HR standards are applied in decision-making and in all hire-to-retire actions. 4. Employee relations – enable employee relations and relationship with the union. **Qualifications** Experience + 10+ years of experience in Human Resources, in a director level capacity + Proven success as Human Resource Manager/Director in a multi-national company. + Ability to proactively translate changing business objectives to effective HR strategies + Experience leading an effective, relevant HR team that delivers integrated business solutions + Demonstrated matrix management skills, delivering results despite absence of actual execution authority Knowledge + Advanced knowledge of all facets of Human Resources – including talent acquisition, total rewards, talent assessment and development, culture and employee engagement, and performance management. + Appropriate academic background in HR/Industrial Management/Business Administration. Advanced degree preferred. + Ability to conduct business (verbally and in written communications) fluently in English. **Function** Human Resources **Sub Function** HR Business Partner / HR Manager / Generalist **Reports To** SVP,Growth Markets Innovation & IL, TR, Africa & IN, Corporate Teva Israel **Teva’s Equal Employment Opportunity Commitment** Teva Pharmaceuticals is committed to equal opportunity in employment. It is Teva's global policy that equal employment opportunity be provided without regard to age, race, creed, color, religion, sex, disability, pregnancy, medical condition, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, ancestry, veteran status, national or ethnic origin or any other legally recognized status entitled to protection under applicable laws. EOE including disability/veteran
          

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noon-1pmSLT World tunes with Asha @ Metta Cafe Come help me choose this week's world tunes - relax at the cafe, have a chat while I am busy compiling this week's playlist. As always you can hear tunes from South Africa, Hungary, India and beyond. An hour of chill, music, chat and dance. http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Sutton%20Place/21/223/24
          

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7-8amSLT - World mix with Asha @ Inspiration Island Music : Tunes from around the world (South Africa, India, Hungary and beyond ) Who : DJ Asha Dress : Come as you are :) Come visit the Metta Cafe and enjoy an hour of wordly tunes - a surprise mix from around the world. http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Sutton%20Place/22/223/24
          

Karabo Poppy Nike By You Air Force 1

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Nikebyyou ho19 air force 1 by karabo poppy 00 hd 1600Artist Karabo Poppy’s Nike Air Force 1 Low By You relay a vibrant aesthetic inspired by South African art, craft and design.
          

Reformed Witness Hour Messages for November 2019

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RWH Logo 2019

First PRC of Grand Rapids, MI and the Reformed Witness Hour Committee announce the messages scheduled for November 2019 on the RWH radio/Internet program.

This month we are blessed to have once again Rev. W. Bruinsma, pastor of Pittsburgh PRC (PA). He is continuing a special series on "Women in the Bible," beginning this month with Miriam. Also included is a special Thanksgiving Day message. Be sure to tune in for these important messages. The schedule for this month is laid out below and also attached in pdf form.

WBruinsma 2017

November 3 - Miriam'sLamentable Fall, Numbers 12

November 10 - The Faith of Rahab, Hebrews 11:31

November 17 - Thanks Be to God, 2 Corinthians 9:15

November 24 - Jael: Blessed Above Women, Judges 5:24-27

You are encouraged to listen to these important messages and to let others know about them too. Help spread the word about the Reformed Witness Hour, now in its 78th year of broadcasting the truths of God's sovereign, particular, efficacious grace!

Visit our website for the latest podcast and for other news and information!

And don't forget our Spanish programs on YouTube!

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Use the attached flyer (pdf) to spread the news of these important gospel messages!

PO Box 1230, Grand Rapids MI, 49501 | reformedwitnesshour.org | rwh@prca.org

If you wish to be added to the mailing list to receive the printed booklet of the messages each month, send an email to Judi Doezema at doezema at prca.org.

*Special RWH newsletter note: Did you know that Reformed Witness Hour messages are downloaded each month by saints all over the world—saints living in South Africa, Cambodia, Nigeria, and China? If you would like to stay informed about the reach of this distinctly Reformed radio and internet ministry and about ways you can support this witness, sign up at http://eepurl.com/gikNsL for a bimonthly newsletter.


          

Thinking outside the classroom

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JacPod — Valenture Institute is an exciting new global, online education space set to offer South African learners a highly engaging and socially rich learning experience supported by expert tutors and mentors. The Institute’s mission is to evolve what it means to “go” to school by transforming physical limitations into digital opportunities. Robert Paddock is the ex Co-Founder of GetSmarter, an online education company that has educated over 90,000 working professionals from 134 countries around the world, and partners with Universities such as Harvard, Cambridge, MIT, Oxford, LSE and Stanford. And he joins Brent to chat about all the good stuff they’re doing.
          

World Handicap System to Roll Out in 2020

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The World Handicap System (WHS) is ready to be launched in January 2020 and will provide golfers with a unified and more inclusive handicapping system for the first time.

Though many countries are planning to adopt the new system in January, the system will go live in other parts of the world throughout the year to accommodate different implementation plans and variations in the golf calendar.

Developed by the USGA and The R&A in close coordination with existing handicapping authorities, the WHS will provide all golfers with a consistent measure of playing ability, with handicaps calculated in the same way wherever they are in the world.

A key objective of the initiative was to develop a modern system, enabling as many golfers as possible to obtain and maintain a Handicap Index. Golfers will be able to transport their Handicap Index globally and compete or play a casual round with players from other regions on a fair basis. It will also indicate the score a golfer is reasonably capable of achieving the next time they go out to play.

The table lists the estimated implementation timeframes for a selection of countries:

 

Indicative Time Frame*

Country

January

Argentina, Australia, Canada, India, Mexico, Panama, South Africa, Republic of Korea, United States, Uruguay and Venezuela

February – March - April

Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore and Sweden

May - June - July – August

Portugal

September - October – November – December

Great Britain and Ireland

*Subject to change

The WHS has two main components – the Rules of Handicapping and the Course Rating System. The Rules of Handicapping are encompassed within seven Rules to inform administrators and golfers on how an official Handicap Index is calculated and administered, with some flexibility given to national associations based on how the sport is played and enjoyed in their region. The Course Rating System, based on the USGA Course Rating System first adopted nearly 50 years ago and already adopted on nearly every continent, sets out a consistent method of determining a course’s difficulty. Together, these components become the foundational elements in determining a golfer’s Handicap Index.

“When the golf community works together, everyone benefits,” said Mike Davis, CEO of the USGA.  “We have seen the benefit that handicapping has provided for decades, providing greater enjoyment for all who play. To have a single set of Rules of Handicapping for the game will connect golfers from country to country, and we are excited to bring the best of all worlds together through this initiative.

“It is one of the many ways we are investing in golf’s future, to strengthen and foster growth of the entire game for years to come.”

Martin Slumbers, Chief Executive of The R&A, said, “The game of golf is transforming to meet the needs of the modern-day golfer; modernizing the Rules this year was an important step forward in that regard and the World Handicap System will be another.

“Our hope is that the launch of the WHS will be a catalyst for change; signalling the start of a new era of golfer engagement, being inclusive by embracing all golfers, whatever their level of ability, and broadening its appeal to a much wider audience.”

“Change also means opportunity and, managed appropriately, this can only be good for the game. It does mean there will be a period of adjustment, as we saw with the new Rules, but once it beds in golfers and golf clubs will benefit in many ways from the new system.”

In preparation for the launch of the WHS, more than 3,000 golf courses have been rated for the first time and an extensive education program has been delivered. By the end of 2019, more than 90 National Associations will have attended an educational seminar and a robust library of resources is hosted on WHS.com to support regional education.

Rules of Handicapping books are being produced and will be translated and delivered through national associations.

In addition, the USGA and The R&A have developed a series of golfer-focused materials, including videos, infographics and posters, which can be used by national associations and shared with golf clubs for the benefit of golfers. 

This includes a promotional video which can be seen here featuring Annika Sorenstam, Gary Player and voices of recreational golfers from around the world to encourage as many golfers as possible to obtain and maintain a handicap.

The materials explain the system’s key features, including:

  • Flexibility in formats of play, allowing both competitive and recreational rounds to count for handicap purposes and ensuring that a Handicap Index reflects demonstrated ability
  • A minimal number of scores needed to obtain a new handicap; with the number of scores needed to obtain a new handicap being 54 holes from any combination of 18-hole and 9-hole rounds (with some discretion available for national or regional associations)
  • An average-based calculation of a handicap, taken from the best eight out of the last 20 scores and factoring in memory of demonstrated ability for better responsiveness/control
  • A calculation that considers the impact that abnormal course and weather conditions might have on a player’s performance each day
  • Timely handicap revisions
  • A limit of Net Double Bogey on the maximum hole score (for handicapping purposes only)
  • A maximum handicap limit of 54.0, regardless of gender, to encourage more golfers to measure and track their performance to increase their enjoyment of the game

The formation of a World Handicap System was first conceived in 2011 between the USGA and The R&A in an effort to engage more golfers in the game and promote equity, no matter where golf is played. The effort unites six existing handicapping systems into one, while embracing the many ways the game is played across cultures. 

Beginning in 2020, the new WHS will be governed by the USGA and The R&A and administered by national and regional golf associations around the world.

The existing six handicapping authorities, Golf Australia, the Council of National Golf Unions (CONGU) in Great Britain and Ireland, the European Golf Association (EGA), the South African Golf Association (SAGA), the Argentine Golf Association (AAG) and the USGA, represent approximately 15 million golfers in 80 countries who currently maintain a golf handicap.  

As an extension of their support of the Rules of Golf worldwide, Rolex has made a commitment to support the USGA’s and The R&A’s efforts to implement the World Handicap System.

To learn more about the World Handicap System, please visit WHS.com. For WHS information specific to a country, use the Association Finder for further information.

 

About the USGA

The USGA conducts the U.S. Open, U.S. Women’s Open, U.S. Senior Open and the U.S. Senior Women’s Open, as well as 10 amateur championships and international matches, attracting players and fans around the world. Together with The R&A, the USGA governs the game worldwide, jointly administering the Rules of Golf, Rules of Amateur Status, equipment standards and World Amateur Golf Rankings, with a working jurisdiction in the United States, its territories and Mexico.

The USGA is one of the world’s foremost authorities on research, development and support of sustainable golf course management practices. It serves as a primary steward for the game’s history and invests in the development of the game through the delivery of its services and the work of the USGA Foundation. Additionally, the USGA’s Course Rating and Handicap systems are used on six continents. For more information, visit www.usga.org.

About The R&A

Based in St Andrews, The R&A runs The Open, elite amateur events, international matches and rankings. Together The R&A and the USGA govern the sport of golf worldwide, operating in separate jurisdictions but sharing a commitment to a single code for the Rules of Golf, Rules of Amateur Status and Equipment Standards. The R&A, through R&A Rules Ltd, governs the sport worldwide, outside of the United States and Mexico, on behalf of over 36 million golfers in 143 countries and with the consent of 158 organisations from amateur and professional golf.

The R&A is committed to working for golf and supports the growth of the sport internationally and the development and management of sustainable golf facilities.  For more information, visit www.randa.org.


          

SMMC recruits House Officer Dr. Liqui Lung via Fred Expo

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SINT MAARTEN (CAY HILL) - St. Maarten Medical Center (SMMC) recently welcomed Dr. Feyemy Liqui Lung who is working as a House Officer at the hospital and was recruited via the Dutch Caribbean Recruitment Expo, FRED.

Dr. Liqui Lung is no stranger to St. Maarten as her mother was raised on the island and states: “I was born and raised in Curacao. When I studied in Europe, I started to appreciate the Caribbean more and more, and also became to realize the big culture differences there is between the place I was studying (The Netherlands) and the place where I was born (Curacao). My mother was raised on St. Maarten and hearing her good memories of the island, I was always curious to get to know this part of the Caribbean”.

As a House Officer at SMMC she will work, examine, diagnose as well as administer general medical treatment in the prevention and control of diseases. In her new capacity, she works in close collaboration with the Medical Specialists to provide medical care to patients on the Medical/Surgical ward.

When asked what her primary role will be as a House Officer at SMMC, Dr. Liqui Lung states: “My primary role as House Officer is to take care of the patients who are admitted to the hospital. With the daily ward rounds, I get to know the patients and find out what is needed to take care of them and finally, to safely discharge them”

Dr. Liqui Lung has worked in South Africa and Panama apart from The Netherlands as an intern and when asked about those experiences, she stated: “I learned that there is no one way to perform medicine. As a doctor you wish and try to do the best you can for your patient. My experiences abroad thought me that the best care for patients variates between cultures. Not only from a social side, but also considering the resources that are available. For instance, in Panama I experienced for the first time how a Cardiologist gave me money out of his own wallet to buy medicine at the pharmacy across the hospital, because the necessary medicine was not available at the hospital. A situation like this would be unthinkable in The Netherlands, where I got my education. In South Africa, I learned that operations are also possible in the heat of 30 degrees Celsius (without air-conditioning). Finally, in Curacao, where I worked at the ER, I learned that (secondary) prevention and education is very important. Especially for people with Asthma Exacerbation and Diabetic comas because of not understanding how to use their medication”.    

Asked what her first impression is about SMMC, Dr. Liqui Lung responds candidly: “Working at SMMC is actually pretty similar to my previous job in The Netherlands. Logistically the work is almost the same. The main difference is the reasons of admissions. From my first impression I expect to have a great and educational time here.

Medical Director, Dr. Felix Holiday states: “With the arrival of Dr. Liqui Lung Another we again emphasize our mission to enhance quality care while expanding the variety of specialties. It also gives great pleasure to be able contribute to young professionals from the Dutch Caribbean to further build their career through SMMC.”

SMMC welcomes Dr. Liqui Lung to its team of Doctors and nurses and look forward to a good working relationship together, serving our patient community with quality care close to home.

SMMC photo2

SMMC’s Medical Director Dr. Felix Holiday and Dr. Feyemy Liqui Lung during the 2019 FRED Expo in Rotterdam (The Netherlands).

 

 

 


          

Nike By You Partners with SA’s Karabo Poppy for Air Force 1 Collaboration

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Nike By You is an initiative that has introduced a host of collaborations that partner with other brands, products, sports, as well as artists from around the world. As part of its monthly segment, focusing on the latter, Nike has joined forces with Karabo Poppy, a South African illustrator, for the release of an exclusive […]
          

Education / Teaching: MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020 - Houston, Texas

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Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education. The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa. As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract. We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900. Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom. As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach. What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program? Kayleigh - Maths Teacher 'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.' Alex - Maths Teacher 'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.' Amy - Maths Teacher 'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!' ()
          

Other: TEACH SCIENCE IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY OR SEPTEMBER 2020! - Fort Worth, Texas

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Science teachers in the USA are highly encouraged to join a wonderful teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education. This is a wonderful opportunity to teach abroad in England! For three years we have recruited the very best science teaching talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa. Come and visit Quantum Scholars at the Regional NSTA Conference in Seattle where we will be presenting and exhibiting on December 12-14. We are looking for middle or high school science teachers who specialise in physics, chemistry or biology that are available to teach in England from January 2020 or September 2020. There are also financial rewards on offer with flights reimbursed to England up to $900. Science teachers can expect tremendous support during the relocation and visa phase and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning your science teaching contract. As you teach in England, you'll be assured of a school that compliments your experience and skill-set and also provides you with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom. As a certified science teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach. ()
          

A policy landscape of sexual orientation, gender identity and the internet

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A policy landscape of sexual orientation, gender identity and the internet

Introduction

Two groundbreaking advances in international human rights have been made in the last half decade, with recognition by intergovernmental bodies that human rights law applies equally to all persons regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity (SOGI), and that human rights law is equally applicable online as offline. However, these achievements have not been without significant advocacy efforts by civil society. While internet rights are being increasingly integrated and addressed across the international human rights system, developments on SOGI have been laboured, politicised and isolated, with no state consensus. This report considers the trends, shifts and convergences in international policy making, using a geopolitical analysis.

A brief history

Sexual orientation and gender identity

Activists have been advocating for international recognition of SOGI-related rights as far back as the Beijing World Conference on Women in 1995,1 with concerted efforts to develop state awareness and recognition of the issues since a failed resolution on human rights and sexual orientation in 2003. 2 Brazil’s introduction, and later withdrawal, of a draft text was a catalyst for a number of civil society groups and activists working on sexuality and gender issues to communicate and coordinate more consistently to develop strategies to engage the UN human rights system on these issues. 3 This collective organising led to states delivering a series of joint statements at the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council (HRC) between 2005 and 2011; 4 increasing support for SOGI rights from a handful of countries to nearly half of the UN member states; and finally the adoption by the HRC of the first ever UN resolution on “human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity” in June 2011, 5 and the second in September 2014. 6

Internet rights

Although civil society has been involved in internet policy and governance spaces since the internet was created, the internet has only recently featured in international human rights policy development arenas. The impact of the internet on human rights was first recognised at the international level by an HRC resolution on freedom of expression in 2009. 7 Since then, the UN has adopted a number of resolutions developing international policy on this theme. In particular, the HRC adopted a resolution on “The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet” 8 in June 2012 with 85 state co-sponsors, which affirmed that the same human rights apply online as offline. The following year in November 2013, the General Assembly adopted a resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age, 9 which was followed up by the HRC in March 2015 with a procedural resolution of the same title, creating a UN expert mechanism on the right to privacy. 10 Since the 2009 resolution on freedom of expression, a number of thematic UN resolutions have addressed internet rights. 11

Comparing intersectional recognition

While internet rights concerns have effectively been mainstreamed into initiatives dealing with other human rights issues, sexual orientation and gender identity remain isolated from relevant state-negotiated human rights documents. 12

Internet rights have been recognised by consensus in a number of intergovernmental policy documents, such as resolutions on freedom of opinion and expression, freedom of association and assembly, and the safety of journalists. 13 The use of the internet and other forms of technology in propagating harassment and violence against women has been acknowledged by the Commission on the Status of Women 14 – the primary UN political body tasked with women’s rights issues – and by the General Assembly in a resolution on protecting women human rights defenders. 15

Conversely, there is a huge struggle to include any language that might be associated with SOGI in any government-negotiated documents at the international level, with such language overwhelmingly negotiated out of draft texts or put to a vote. For example, even the word “gender” has become controversial because some governments insist that gender can only denote biological sex, refusing to accept the concept of gender as a social construct or to recognise identities beyond the male-female binary. 16

As a result, where SOGI language has been included in negotiated documents, it has been so virtually in isolation from intersecting fields, such as violence or discrimination against women or the protection of human rights defenders. The only UN human rights resolution to date referencing SOGI, apart from the HRC SOGI resolution itself, is the biennial General Assembly resolution on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. While the strong opposition to recognising SOGI-related rights means the discussion is reduced to violence and discrimination (the areas that have a possibility of gaining consensus), the reference in the “killings” resolution is nonetheless hotly contested each time, with attempts to vote the language out of the resolution during the final adoption process.17

Despite the fact that a broad number of thematic and country-specific UN human rights experts regularly report a vast array of infringements of the rights of LGBTI persons,18 in social and economic rights as well as civil and political rights, the political bodies have so far failed to take the intersectional approach that has been an attribute of developments on internet rights.

Politics of sexual orientation and gender identity rights

International intergovernmental debate on SOGI is a delicate matter, and unfortunately plays out in ways that are politically divisive and strategically counterproductive. Although there is a slow but steady increase in support for these issues from states from all regions, they are still perceived as primarily Western priorities despite the fact that the first UN SOGI resolution was tabled by South Africa and Brazil, and the second by Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Uruguay.

This is partly because Western states have styled themselves as international leaders on SOGI, critiquing discriminatory laws and practices outside of their regional group, and is compounded by certain Western states using aid conditionality to apply pressure on ex-colonies to repeal colonial-era criminal provisions on same-sex relations. 19

These practices have created a “West versus the rest” dynamic which contributes to the geopolitical polarisation on gender and sexuality-related rights that is reflected at the international level, and alienates potential support from those states that are open to discussing SOGI-related rights, but are opposed to Western hegemony on the international stage.

The politicisation of SOGI plays out in intergovernmental human rights policy development spaces such as the HRC in divisive and regressive ways. Firstly we have seen a division of state positions, generally along lines of regional and political blocs. 20 Traditionally this has been Western and most Latin American states supporting SOGI issues, opposed by Russia, the Vatican, most of the African Group and members of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). States within these groups that have dared to support SOGI issues have faced harsh censure from their peers. 21

Secondly, concepts such as cultural relativity, traditional values and protection of the family have been introduced and manipulated in these spaces, primarily by the religious right wing – the OIC, the Vatican, Russia, and conservative groups such as the UN Family Rights Caucus.22 Since 2009 the HRC has adopted various documents undermining the universality of rights, including three resolutions on “traditional values” and two on “protection of the family”. 23 In general, the support and opposition for these initiatives has been in line with positions against and for SOGI-related language respectively.

The politicisation of sexuality rights in international forums means that foreign policy is often at odds with national-level standards and developments, particularly on rights relating to gender identity. For example, some Western states, such as Belgium, France, Norway and Switzerland, present themselves as champions of LGBT rights in international debates while requiring transgender people to undergo sterilisation in order to legally change their gender, 24 a policy that the European Court of Human Rights has ruled to be a violation of the rights to privacy and family life. 25 Conversely, some states that have culturally established and documented forms of gender diversity 26 – and in the case of Pakistan leading case law recognising the rights of hijras27 – claim that such diversity is contrary to their cultural, moral or religious values when it comes to international debate. 28 This is a terrible contradiction of domestic reality and foreign policy.

State positions on SOGI in the international bodies have almost become a symbolic representation of one side versus another in the greater struggle for a new world order that replaces Western hegemony. Sadly, this positioning is to the detriment of human rights, including through the development of international legal norms and standards that exclude LGBTIQ persons.

Politics of internet rights

In comparison to the tumultuous international debates on SOGI, internet rights policy has been developing relatively smoothly, with consensus resolutions and references in the UN General Assembly, the HRC and the Commission on the Status of Women. This is not to suggest that states unanimously respect or support internet-related rights, but that opposition is more nuanced and complex than the open hostility that some governments express on SOGI.

While there does indeed appear to be international consensus on the issue of access to technology, a customary division of state positions on other issues such as freedom of expression remains unchanged in how states see their validity online or offline. During the HRC plenary panel on freedom of expression on the internet in 2012, China called on the international community to promote internet access in developing countries while also stating that freedom of expression could undermine social stability and national security.29 Cuba has both expressed concern about issues of access to information and communications technology (ICT) and lamented the United States (US) monopoly of the internet. 30

Furthermore, the geopolitical divide over internet rights is not as clear-cut as it is on SOGI issues. When Edward Snowden leaked classified information from the US National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013, the US was in the unusual position of being criticised by many of its peers in the West.31

Indeed, states from all regions have relished the opportunity to criticise the US in the wake of the Snowden revelations. Although not explicitly critical of US policy, pre-existing anti-US sentiment meant that the resolutions on the right to privacy in the digital age quickly garnered support amongst states such as North Korea, 32 Russia, Cuba and China. 33 Consequently, it could be argued that a politicisation of internet rights issues has been to the benefit of consensus-building on international human rights policy development on these issues.

SOGI versus internet rights policy

As SOGI language is a notorious key to destroying consensus in government negotiations, states have used sexual orientation references as a bargaining chip to block or undermine developments that they oppose.

For example, sexual orientation language was used by Western states to bargain against references to the “defamation of religions” in international discussions on racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, both during the Durban Review Conference in 2009 and in follow-up meetings and negotiations. 34

This highly questionable tactic arose in discussions on internet rights in negotiations on a resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age at the UN General Assembly in 2013, when a key ally of the US proposed including a reference to sexual orientation. Some of the Five Eyes 35 countries readily supported the proposed language, while other states that were supportive of the resolution theme objected, knowing they would not be able to join consensus on a text that contained sexual orientation language. This was understood to be a strategy to break consensus on an issue that those states implicated in the revelations of deep breaches of privacy rights could not otherwise break without admitting that they did not support the key message of the resolution.

As the Five Eyes countries were openly attempting to water down the text of the privacy resolution, 36 it seemed likely that sexual orientation language was actually being introduced in order to polarise state positions on the text as a whole, and potentially lead to a vote. In effect, the US and its allies pitted sexual orientation against the right to privacy in a failed attempt to undermine international condemnation of and action on the infringement of rights that is mass surveillance.

Moving towards an intersectional approach

Although SOGI and internet rights have developed independently from one another at the international level, the slow increase in state support for SOGI-related rights in international human rights bodies, and the increasing attention being given to internet rights in a number of different thematic resolutions, means that the UN could constructively address their intersection in the near future.

The prevailing geopolitical divide is likely to continue to obstruct the inclusion of SOGI in UN resolutions. However, with internet rights being addressed in a number of negotiated thematic texts, it is not unreasonable to suggest that relevant issues could be included in a future substantive resolution on SOGI.

Furthermore, the HRC resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age mandated the appointment of a UN Special Rapporteur on the right to privacy. The Special Procedures mechanisms 37 have been key allies in raising violations of the rights of LGBTIQ persons across a broad section of thematic and country-specific mandates. A recent report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of opinion and expression to the HRC highlighted how encryption and anonymity in digital communications enable persons persecuted because of sexual orientation or gender identity to exercise the right to freedom of opinion and expression, as well as providing, for some, the only way to securely explore basic aspects of identity such as one’s gender or sexuality. 38

The new Special Procedures mandate has been tasked to look at the right to privacy, “including in connection with” (i.e. but not limited to) the challenges arising from new technologies. Many SOGI rights issues clearly fall under the mandate focus on privacy. It will remain to be seen whether the Rapporteur chooses to address human rights concerns relating to LGBTIQ persons in the execution of the mandate.

Conclusion

With a number of consensus resolutions and documents addressing internet rights, and the creation of an expert mandate on the right to privacy, it is safe to conclude that these issues are now firmly on the UN agenda, and will continue to be mainstreamed into the work of the HRC. Meanwhile, SOGI rights remain segregated with no regular or institutionalised attention to ongoing violations. It will likely remain extremely difficult to get states to consider the human rights of LGBTIQ persons on their substantial merit as long as SOGI continues to be politicised and manipulated by both supportive states and the opposition. The new expert mechanism on the right to privacy could see these two issues being addressed concurrently and with an intersectional analysis for the first time. It remains to be seen whether intergovernmental debate will mature beyond political strife to welcome such an analysis.

References

1 See, for example, Ditsie, P. B. (1995). Statement delivered by Palesa Beverley Ditsie of South Africa, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing, China, 13 September. www.un.org/esa/gopher-data/conf/fwcw/conf/ngo/13123944.txt and Wilson, A. (1996). Lesbian Visibility and Sexual Rights at Beijing. Signs, 22(1). fds.duke.edu/db/attachment/409

2 In 2003 Brazil unexpectedly introduced a draft text on sexual orientation to the former UN Commission on Human Rights. The resolution faced strong opposition, which led to it being deferred by a year and later withdrawn from consideration.

3 ARC International. (2004). International Dialogue on Gender, Sexuality & Human Rights: Final report. Geneva: ARC International. arc-international.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/International-Dialogue-Report-Geneva-2004.doc

4 ARC International. (2011). LGBT Rights at the UN: A brief overview. Geneva: ARC International. arc-international.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/LGBT-Rights-at-the-UN.pdf

5 A/HRC/RES/17/19. (2011). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/17/19

6 A/HRC/RES/27/32. (2014). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/27/32

7 A/HRC/RES/12/16. (2009). ap.ohchr.org/documents/sdpage_e.aspx?b=10&se=100&t=11

8 A/HRC/RES/20/8. (2012). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/20/8

9 A/RES/68/167. (2013). www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/167

10 A/HRC/RES/28/16. (2015). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/28/16

11 See, for example, A/HRC/RES/21/16, The rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association (2012). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/21/16; A/HRC/RES/23/2, The role of freedom of opinion and expression in women’s empowerment. (2013). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/23/2; A/HRC/RES/24/5, The rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association. (2013). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/24/5; A/RES/68/163, The safety of journalists and the issue of impunity. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/163; A/RES/68/181, Promotion of the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: protecting women human rights defenders. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/181; and A/RES/69/166, The right to privacy in the digital age. (2014). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/69/166

12 While this paper examines how these issues have progressed in intergovernmental spaces, it is important to note that infringements on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons are consistently raised by UN human rights expert mechanisms, such as the Special Procedures, treaty monitoring bodies, and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, across a broad number of thematic and country specific reports. See for example: www.icj.org/sogi-un-database

13 See footnote 10.

14 CSW agreed conclusions on the elimination and prevention of all forms of violence against women and girls. (2013). Para. 34(ww). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/csw57/CSW57_Agreed_Conclusions_%28CSW_report_excerpt%29.pdf

15

A/RES/68/181. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/181

16 See, for example, Adolphe, J. (2012). 'Gender' Wars at the United Nations. Ave Maria Law Review, 11(1). papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2232495

17 ISHR et al. (2012, 22 November). Governments Condemn Extrajudicial Executions in Seminal UN Vote. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/governments-condemn-extrajudicial-executions-seminal-un-vote; ISHR. (2012, 20 November). UN General Assembly: Rights groups welcome condemnation of killing of LGBT persons. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/un-general-assembly-rights-groups-welcome-condemnation-killing-lgbt-persons

18 This report primarily uses the language of “sexual orientation” and “gender identity”, which have been acknowledged by the intergovernmental bodies, but also refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer persons using the relevant acronyms LGBT, LGBTI or LGBTIQ, depending on the particular context. For example, while activists and human rights defenders might use the language of Queer rights, this term has not been taken up by the UN, but the UN does recognise and use L,G,B,T and I. Other language yet to be referenced in UN negotiated documents includes “gender expression” and “bodily integrity”.

19 Abolafia Anguita, L. (2012, 9 March). Aid conditionality and respect for LGBT people rights. Sexuality Policy Watch. sxpolitics.org/we-recommend-134/7369

20 UN member states are divided into five regional groups: the African Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eastern European Group, Latin America and the Caribbean Group, and Western European and Others Group. There are also a number of additional political blocs and affiliations of states and sub-regional blocs that form collective positions on issues, such as the Arab Group, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Mercosur, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), the European Union (EU), etc.

21 For example, South Africa and Mauritius were publicly denigrated by Nigeria, the then coordinator of the African Group, for their leadership on and support for the first UN resolution on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity in 2011.

22 www.unfamilyrightscaucus.org/un-initiatives/statements-activities

23 Resolutions on “traditional values”: A/HRC/RES/12/21 (2009); A/HRC/RES/16/3 (2011); A/HRC/RES/21/3 (2012); on “protection of the family”: A/HRC/RES/26/11 (2014); A/HRC/RES/29/22 (2015).

24 Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide (TvT), Legal and Social Mapping: www.transrespect-transphobia.org/en_US/mapping.htm

25 European Court of Human Rights. (2015, 10 March). Refusal to authorise transsexual to have access to gender reassignment surgery breached right to respect for private life. (Press release.) hudoc.echr.coe.int/webservices/content/pdf/003-5032376-6183620

26 See, for example, Jain, D., & Rhoten, K. (2013, 28 December). A Comparison of the Legal Rights of Gender Non-Conforming Persons in South Asia. Economic & Political Weekly. www.academia.edu/11810587/A_Comparison_of_the_Legal_Rights_of_Gender_Non-Conforming_Persons_in_South_Asia

27 Khaki v. Rawalpindi, Supreme Court of Pakistan (12 December 2009).

28 See, for example: United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG). (2011, 17 June). Council establishes mandate on Côte d’Ivoire, adopts protocol to child rights treaty, requests study on discrimination and sexual orientation. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12578B2004B0A50?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2012, 7 March). Human Rights Council holds panel discussion on discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12579BA004DFE81?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2014, 26 September). Human Rights Council adopts resolution on sexual orientation and gender identity and concludes twenty-seventh session. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/24F74BA2FCAB79CDC1257D5F0063A227?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2015, 22 June). Human Rights Council holds general debate on the promotion and protection of all human rights. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C85AF94F13C23F94C1257E6C0059B456?OpenDocument

29 UNOG. (2012, 29 February). Human Rights Council holds panel discussion on the promotion and protection of freedom of expression on the internet. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12579B300535CC6?OpenDocument

30 Ibid.

31 MacAskill, E., & Borger, J. (2013, 30 June). New NSA leaks show how US is bugging its European allies. The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/30/nsa-leaks-us-bugging-european-allies

32 United Nations. (2013, 26 November). Third Committee Approves Text Titled ‘Right to Privacy in the Digital Age’, as It Takes Action on 18 Draft Resolutions. www.un.org/press/en/2013/gashc4094.doc.htm

33 UNOG. (2015, 26 March). Human Rights Council creates mandate of Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/4CA5769DF702C0CCC1257E14005F5F4B?OpenDocument

34 See, for example, ISHR. (2009, 4 November). Stalemate at the Ad Hoc Committee on complementary standards. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/stalemate-ad-hoc-committee-complementary-standards

35https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Eyes

36 MacAskill, E., & Ball, J. (2013, 21 November). UN surveillance resolution goes ahead despite attempts to dilute language. The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/21/un-surveillance-resolution-us-uk-dilute-language

37 The UN Special Procedures are independent human rights experts with mandates to report and advise on human rights from a thematic or country-specific perspective. Special procedures are either an individual (called "Special Rapporteur" or "Independent Expert") or a working group composed of five members.

38 A/HRC/29/32. (2015). Paras 1 & 12. www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session29/Documents/A.HRC.29.32_AEV.doc

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Education / Teaching: MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020 - Houston, Texas

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Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education. The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa. As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract. We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900. Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom. As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach. What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program? Kayleigh - Maths Teacher 'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.' Alex - Maths Teacher 'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.' Amy - Maths Teacher 'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!' ()
          

South Africa upstages England to win Rugby World Cup 2019

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KANAGAWA, Japan: South Africa decimated England for a third Rugby World Cup triumph, bringing hope and glory home, on Saturday. They upstaged England 32-12 in a display that was based on brute force and finished off with blinding speed. The team appeared invincible from the start of the contest where...

The post South Africa upstages England to win Rugby World Cup 2019 appeared first on The News Tribe.


          

AUSTRALIAN OPEN COACHES ANNOUNCED

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The Australian Touch Association have announced the coaching appointments for Australia’s Open teams, who will defend their World Number 1 ranking at the 2007 World Cup in South Africa. The calibre of candidates was extremely high and following an extensive process never before undertaken in the appointment of Touch coaches, the successful individuals were: Mens Open – Tony Trad Womens Open – Kerry Norman Mixed Open – Gary Madders The extended process included detailed analysis of applications, an interview, a practical presentation and performance appraisal of all candidates. The Panel included the National Coaching Director, a member of the Board of Directors, the National Technical Manager and an external representative from the Australian Sports Commission Coaching and Officiating division. The make-up of the Panel ensured that extensive analysis of the candidates was undertaken. Tony Trad led the Australian Mixed team to reclaim the Number 1 Mixed crown at the 2003 World Cup in Japan, having closed the gap on New Zealand mixed teams in the last two Trans Tasman campaigns. Kerry Norman was assistant coach of the Open Womens team that also successfully defended its world title in Japan and has also held the position of Australian womens 20s coach at the Youth World Cup in 2001. Gary Madders has been a successful Australian Youth coach in recent years and coach of the highly successful Womens Brisbane City Cobras team at the last national titles. The quality of candidates made the decision extremely difficult and the limited number of positions[...]
          

Cape Town hosts successful WSF AGM

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The World Squash Federation Annual General Meeting took place today in Cape Town, South Africa, hosted by Squash South Africa ...
          

Skookum - 21 October 2019

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So you've long dreamed of writing fiction, but don't know where to begin? There are lots of ways to get started -- creative writing classes, local writing groups, and books with prompts to get you going. The key is to get started, and then stick with it. And: which part of the body do surgeons call "the goose"? Hint: you don't want a bite of chicken caught in your goose. Finally, the nautical origins of the phrase "three sheets to the wind." This term for "very drunk" originally referred to lines on a sailboat flapping out of control. Plus, a brain teaser about shortened phrases, toolies, linguistic false friends, skookum, how to pronounce the word bury, the origin of three sheets to the wind, and what now now means in South Africa.

Read full show notes, hear hundreds of free episodes, send your thoughts and questions, and learn more on the A Way with Words website: https://waywordradio.org/. Email words@waywordradio.org. Twitter @wayword. Our listener phone line 1 (877) 929-9673 is toll-free in the United States and Canada. Elsewhere in the world, call +1 (619) 800-4443; charges may apply. From anywhere, text/SMS +1 (619) 567-9673. Copyright Wayword, Inc., a 501(c)(3) corporation.


          

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After an exceedingly long flight, Flats joins Shanks straight off the plane from Japan to reflect upon South Africa's stunning victory over England in the 2019 Rugby World Cup final. And in many ways, David is the right man to dissect where the match was won and lost, given the importance of the scrum in determining the outcome ...
          

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With Shanks literally on the first flight out of Japan following Wales's agonising defeat to South Africa, he and Flats are in sombre mood - despite England's extraordinary victory over the Kiwis in the other semi-final. But they still manage to scrutinise both matches with characteristic verve, insight and humour before he is booted out of his hotel.
          

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Trust the data, and other lessons from the Bok win

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There is much that mere mortals can learn from South Africa’s Rugby World Cup triumph, writes KATIE CHODOSH, content consultant at TopLine Comms and TopLine Film
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

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'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.'

Alex - Maths Teacher

'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.'

Amy - Maths Teacher

'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!'
          

TEACH SCIENCE IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY OR SEPTEMBER 2020!

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Science teachers in the USA are highly encouraged to join a wonderful teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education. This is a wonderful opportunity to teach abroad in England!

For three years we have recruited the very best science teaching talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

Come and visit Quantum Scholars at the Regional NSTA Conference in Seattle where we will be presenting and exhibiting on December 12-14.

We are looking for middle or high school science teachers who specialise in physics, chemistry or biology that are available to teach in England from January 2020 or September 2020.

There are also financial rewards on offer with flights reimbursed to England up to $900.

Science teachers can expect tremendous support during the relocation and visa phase and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning your science teaching contract.

As you teach in England, you'll be assured of a school that compliments your experience and skill-set and also provides you with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified science teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

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Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!
  • Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
  • Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
  • Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
  • Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your developmentQuantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.By joining this wonderful program you will:
    • Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
    • Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
    • Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
    • Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

TEACH SCIENCE IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY OR SEPTEMBER 2020!

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Science teachers in the USA are highly encouraged to join a wonderful teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education. This is a wonderful opportunity to teach abroad in England!

For three years we have recruited the very best science teaching talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

Come and visit Quantum Scholars at the Regional NSTA Conference in Seattle where we will be presenting and exhibiting on December 12-14.

We are looking for middle or high school science teachers who specialise in physics, chemistry or biology that are available to teach in England from January 2020 or September 2020.

There are also financial rewards on offer with flights reimbursed to England up to $900.

Science teachers can expect tremendous support during the relocation and visa phase and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning your science teaching contract.

As you teach in England, you'll be assured of a school that compliments your experience and skill-set and also provides you with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified science teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.
          

Title-chasing pack close in on Wits

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Leaders Bidvest Wits were held by 10-man Mamelodi Sundowns and Orlando Pirates scored four goals on Saturday as the South African Premiership title race intensified.
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

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Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!

--- Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
--- Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
--- Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
--- Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your development

Quantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.

By joining this wonderful program you will:

--- Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
--- Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
--- Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
--- Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

TEACH SCIENCE IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY OR SEPTEMBER 2020!

 Cache   
Science teachers in the USA are highly encouraged to join a wonderful teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education. This is a wonderful opportunity to teach abroad in England!

For three years we have recruited the very best science teaching talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

Come and visit Quantum Scholars at the Regional NSTA Conference in Seattle where we will be presenting and exhibiting on December 12-14.

We are looking for middle or high school science teachers who specialise in physics, chemistry or biology that are available to teach in England from January 2020 or September 2020.

There are also financial rewards on offer with flights reimbursed to England up to $900.

Science teachers can expect tremendous support during the relocation and visa phase and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning your science teaching contract.

As you teach in England, you'll be assured of a school that compliments your experience and skill-set and also provides you with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified science teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

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Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education.

The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.

We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.

Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.

What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?

Kayleigh - Maths Teacher

'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.'

Alex - Maths Teacher

'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.'

Amy - Maths Teacher

'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!'
          

Tendai Mtawarira calls it a day with Springboks

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South Africa World Cup winner Tendai Mtawarira announced his retirement from international rugby on Wednesday and bows out as the most capped prop in Springbok history.
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

 Cache   
Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!

--- Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
--- Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
--- Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
--- Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your development

Quantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.

By joining this wonderful program you will:

--- Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
--- Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
--- Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
--- Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - AMANDLA.MOBI ANNOUNCED AS A TECH FOR GLOBAL GOOD 2019 LAUREATE

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SAfm — South Africa’s amandla.mobi will be among the laureates from around the globe honoured at the third annual Tech for Global Good celebration in the US on November 02, 2019. The Tech for Global Good is a US based year-round program designed to create the next generation of innovators ready to tackle the toughest challenges facing the planet. Guest: Koketso Moeti - amandla.mobi's executive director,
          

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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SAfm — FIVE REASONS WHY ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE THE FUTURE OF TRANSPORT AND MAY HELP THE POOR SURVIVE FUEL PRICE HIKES Minister of Transport Fikile Mbalula believes that electric vehicles are the future of transport in South Africa, going so far as to say he’d swop to one immediately if he could. Guest: Gideon Treurnich, Strategic Business Development Manager: Transport and Planning in South Africa, at Royal HaskoningDHV
          

The state of housing in South Africa

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SAfm — Guest: Dr Soraya Beukes is a Public Law reseacher at the University of the Western Cape Guest: Siphamandla Mkhwanazi - FNB senior economist Guest: Professor Marie Huchzermeyer - Professor, School of Architecture and Planning University of the Witwatersrand
          

wellness walkathon against cancer

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SAfm — Guest: Tshepang Lutshaba Founder of South Africa United Against Cancer Guest: Khethiwe Mabaso – Assistant Director at South Africa United Against Cancer
          

Halloween: Where did it all begin

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SAfm — Guest: Paul Blom - Director of the South African Horror Fest
          

Science and Technology - Latest SKA developments in astronomy

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SAfm — The MeerKat telescope - a precursor to the Square Kilometre Array or SKA, continues to make new discoveries. Scientists say it's just a fraction of what is yet to come. The SKA and the African Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network or AVN, as well as other initiatives, aim to develop astronomy in the nine African SKA partner countries, which are Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia. Guest: Takalani Nemaungani - Director of Multi-wavelength Astronomy at the Department of Science and Technology.
          

chaos as police remove foreign nationals outside UN refugee offices in Cape Town

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SAfm — Police have removed hundreds of foreign nationals and refugees from an area outside the offices of the UN High Commission for Refugees in Cape Town - the site of a weeks-long peaceful sit-in protest over their safety in South Africa. On Wednesday, multiple police vehicles and police officers gathered around the site in St George's Mall in the Cape Town CBD and removed the protesters. For weeks, the protesters have asked to be evacuated from the country to find safety amid fears of attacks against foreign nationals. Guest: Mlamli Maneli - SABC Reporter in Cape Town
          

Book Review: HAIR: Weaving & Unpicking Stories of Identity

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SAfm — HAIR: Weaving & Unpicking Stories of Identity is a collection of short stories inspired by hair. Like skin, hair is a body feature with a complex and controversial history, and is constantly under scrutiny in the media, specifically with regard to identity. HAIR: Weaving and Unpicking Stories of Identity features short stories by contemporary established and emerging South African writers of diverse backgrounds writing about hair and its intimate, personal as well as socio-political meaning. The book includes illustrative photographs by local visual artists. We hope that the stories will entertain, delight and challenge the reader. Guest: Karina Magdelene - Co-editor of Hair: Weaving & Unpicking stories of Identity, Writer, editor & literary critic Guest: Joanne Hichens - Author and Co-editor of Hair: Weaving & Unpicking stories of Identity
          

Her Story: Lebo Mathosa

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SAfm — Guest: Oscar Bonginkosi Mdlongwa also known as Oskido - South African recording artist Guest: Somizi Mhlongo - choreographer, TV and radio personality.
          

Melinda Gates In South Africa To Launch Her Book The moment of lift

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SAfm — Pan Macmillan and the Nelson Mandela Foundation will be hosting an event later today where Melinda Gates will be talk about her book THE MOMENT OF LIFT: How Empowering Women Changes the World. Guest: Terry Morris - Managing Director of Pan McMillan South Africa
          

What could be the reason for the water scarcity in SA?

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SAfm — South Africa is on the verge of a national water crisis, with drought and poor infrastructure maintenance creating a desiccated dichotomy which promises to worsen in the upcoming months and years. Guest: Dr Willem de Clercq – Water Researcher at the Water Institute at Stellenbosch University /
          

Music feature: Jonathan Butler

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SAfm — Why I chose him: Jonathan Celebrated his 58th bday this month, last week Thursday. He came back to visit his friends and family in Cape Town and brought along his friend, the legendary Marcus Miller to jam with some Cape Town Musicians to celebrate. Born and raised in Athlone, Cape Town during Apartheid. He started singing and playing acoustic guitar as a child. His first single, a cover the song 'Please Stay' originally sung by the Drifters was the first song by a black artist played by white radio stations in South Africa at the time and earned him a Sarie Award, the predecessor to the SAMAs. He was 13 at the time. Guest: RJ Benjamin - Award-winning vocalist, songwriter, composer, vocal coach, musical director and producer
          

The art of biltong

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SAfm — South Africa’s foremost authority on how to make the best biltong is Maxine Jones, a 27 year old Capetonian woman who will receive her doctorate in food sciences from the University of Stellenbosch on Tuesday, 14 March 2017. Jones, will be the first person with a PhD based exclusively on her scientific research regarding making consistently great quality anddelicious biltong. Supervised by Professor Louw Hoffman, who is the South African Research Chair in Meat Science: Genomics to Nutriomics in the university's department of animal science, the industry-based PhD research project focused on different aspects of biltong processing, including the use of standardised drying procedures to dry the meat. Guest: Dr Maxine Jones - Who received a doctorate in food sciences from the University of Stellenbosch in 2017
          

TRAVEL: Tourism in South Africa drops by nearly 10%: What are the factors behind the decline?

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SAfm — Guest: Martin Wiest is the CEO of Tourvest One of the most unflappable industries in the country has undergone something of a slump in the past year. Recently-released figures from StatsSA point to a substantial decline for figures relating to tourism in South Africa, with Mzansi welcoming 9.2% fewer visitors in March 2019 than it did in the same month last year.
          

NATIONAL CYBER SECURITY AWARENESS MONTH: Why is South Africa among the most vulnerable countries to Cyber-crimes?

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SAfm — Guest: Andy Mashaile – Former Chairman of the Gauteng Police Board and Global Ambassador if Interpol’s Turn Back Crime campaign The National Tracker-SAPS Awards are currently taking place today in Menlyn , Tshwane focusing on Cyber Security, Telematics and Motor Vehicle Tracking and 4IR National Cyber Security Awareness Month (NCSAM) is observed in October in the United States of America. Started by the National Cyber Security Division within the Department of Homeland Security and the nonprofit National Cyber Security Alliance, the month raises awareness about the importance of cybersecurity.
          

What is the reason of violence in schools?

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SAfm — Dr Quatro Mgogo said children without a father to teach them how to deal with issues of being men or how to be a respectful man - need guidance. There is growing concern that government and communities are losing the battle against violence in schools. This comes as incidents of violence have recently escalated in South African schools, where several incidents have been reported various parts of the country. A professor at the Walter Sisulu University conducted research into the cause of violence in schools and found that in most cases children who live in families in which have absent father, resort to violence to display their frustration. Guest: Dr Quatro Mgogo - Lecture from The Walter Sisulu University
          

Book Review: Explore Awesome South African Artists

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SAfm — Co-founder of the FNB Joburg Art Fair, Cobi Labuscagne, expands our reading list and captures the many skilled contemporary artists along with their artwork in her newly launched children’s book titled Explore! Awesome South African Artists. The book explores South African art, allows children to dive into the South African Contemporary art scene by showcasing the diverse paths of artists and the fascinating artworks they create. Guest: Cobi Labuscagne is the CEO of Artlogic and Co-founder of the FNB Joburg Art Fair
          

Her Story: Emma Mashinini

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SAfm — Emma Mashinini (21 August 1929 – 10 July 2017[1]) was a South African trade unionist and political leader. Living in Johannesburg, her family was forcibly displaced several times during her childhood. She started working at age 14 and soon became a union organiser at her garment factory. She became active with the African National Congress (ANC) in 1956. Mashinini served for 12 years on the executive board of the National Union of Clothing Workers (NUCW) and founded the South African Commercial, Catering and Allied Workers Union (SACCAWU) in 1975. She was arrested and detained without charges for six months in 1981–82. Guest : Mamhood Fadal - Chairperson of The Public Health and Social Development Sectoral Bargaining Council (PHSDSBC)
          

43 community radio stations across South Africa face closure

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SAfm — The National Community Radio Forum (NCRF) on 18 October 2019 held an emergency meeting of its Central Executive Committee (CEC) in Durban to formulate a plan of action to respond to ICASA having shut down 43 community radio stations Guest: Thabang Pusoyabone, secretary for the National Community Radio Forum (NCRF), Paseka Maleka
          

The Audit: Media Freedom Week: Is Media Freedom a threat to democracy

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SAfm — Guest : Jean Philippe Remy – French Journalist Guest : Ms Khadija Patel - editor-in-chief of the Mail & Guardian, a co-founder of the The Daily Vox and vice chairperson of the Vienna-based International Press Institute (IPI) Guest : Quanitah Hunter - Award-winning South African political journalist at the Sunday Times Guest : Nomshado Lubisi - Head of Communications for Media Monitoring Africa
          

HEALTH - UJ set to use AI technology to deliver mental health services to children and youth

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SAfm — Worldwide about 10-20% of children and youth experience mental disorders. However, it is often difficult to determine the causes behind the child mental health conditions, disorders and diseases. Research shows that several barriers, such as a diminished civil society support, a lack of global consensus on mental illness and its treatment, missed policy opportunities and limited evidence on the delivery of mental health interventions, are blocking improving mental health. Neuropsychiatric conditions are often the leading cause of disability in young people in all regions. If untreated, these conditions severely influence children’s development, their educational attainments and their potential to live fulfilling and productive lives. This is an observation by Professor Jace Pillay, the South African Research Chair in Education and Care in Childhood at the University of Johannesburg (UJ). Guest: Prof. Jace Pillay - South African Research Chair in Education and Care in Childhood at UJ
          

THE BIG INTERVIEW – SAM NHLENGETHWA

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SAfm — Sam Nhlengethwa was born in the mining community of Payneville Springs in 1955 and grew up in Ratanda location in Heidelberg, east of Johannesburg. He completed a two-year Fine Art Diploma at the Rorkes Drift Art Centre in the late 1970s. While he exhibited extensively both locally and abroad during the 1980s and ’90s, Nhlengethwa’s travelling solo show South Africa, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow in 1993 established him at the vanguard of critical consciousness in South Africa and he went on to win the Standard Bank Young Artist Award in 1994.
          

Bishops teacher: Several boys have been 'affected over a number of years', says school

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SAfm — More pupils have been "affected over a number of years" by the alleged "serious misconduct" of a female former Bishops Diocesan College teacher, the school says. "We have confirmed that there have been several boys who have been affected over a number of years," school principal Guy Pearson said in a statement on Tuesday. This follows the resignation of the female teacher who allegedly had a sexual relationship with an 18-year-old matric pupil. The allegations have rocked the prestigious private Cape Town boys' school in Rondebosch after the Sunday Times reported that the pupil had also tried to break off the relationship. Guest: Themba Ndlovu - Spokesperson for the South African Council for Educators
          

NEW R25 ‘DINOSAUR COIN’ TO BE RELEASED IN SOUTH AFRICA NEXT YEAR

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SAfm — A new limited-edition coin featuring a dinosaur will be released in South Africa in 2020. The coin marks a new chapter in the award-winning Natura series. Finance minister, Tito Mboweni recently confirmed that a new 2020 Natura series collectible coin will be released in South Africa next year and it features nothing other than dinosaurs! The South African Mint, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the South African Reserve Bank (SARB), reports that a new chapter in the award-winning Natura series began with the introduction of the paleontology theme in 2018, in recognition of South Africa’s significance to this field and study of plant and animal fossils. Guest: Richard Stone - Head of Product Development at SA Mint
          

THE AUDIT: HOW DO WE DEAL WITH SA’S YOUTH MENTAL HEALTH CRISIS?

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SAfm — It's sometimes hard to find words that can effectively address the mental health crisis we are facing as the youth of South Africa. Much has been said and written about the state of mental health in our country, and young people have implored the state, private entities and communities to prioritise mental health, particularly that of the youth. During this Mental Health Awareness Month, and in particular on World Mental Health Day on Thursday, I’d like to reflect on the experiences of many young people in South Africa today by relating something of my own struggle with mental illness. Guest: Fanelesibonge Ndebele – Final Year LLB Student at Stellenbosch University Charity Mkone - Clinical Psychologist Joy Chiang - runs SOLOS (Survivors of Loved Ones Suicide)
          

HEALTH - HOW IS GROW GREAT WORKING WITH COMMUNITY HEALTH WORKERS?

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SAfm — In a number of developing countries, and regions of developing countries, where significant reductions in stunting have been achieved, Community Healthcare Workers (CHWs) have been central to these countries’ stunting reduction strategies. Countries like Peru and Brazil where significant reductions in stunting have been achieved, Community Healthcare Workers have been central to these countries’ stunting reduction strategies. South Africa already has a strong workforce of 60 000 CHWs that are already entering the homes and interacting with families. How can we best use them in our fight to reduce stunting? Guest: Dr Kopano Matlwa Mabaso - Executive Director at Grow Great Community Health workers
          

The 7 tourism wonders every South African should see atleast once in their lives

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SAfm — iSimangaliso Wetland Park Route 67 Art Route Table Mountain National Park Isandlwana battlefield Kruger National Park Cradle of Humankind The Blyde River Canyon. Guest: Paul Ash – Travel Writer for Sunday Times
          

THE ART OF DANCING AND CHOREOGRAPHY

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SAfm — Mamela Nyamza is a performance artist, dancer and choreographer born and raised in Gugulethu, Cape Town, South Africa. Nyamza was trained in dance at the Zama Dance School under the Royal Academy of Dance (Cape Town, South Africa). She furthered her studies at Pretoria Dance Technikon where she obtained a National Diploma in Ballet (Pretoria, South Africa). In 1998 she received a scholarship to study dance at the Alvin Ailey Dance Theatre (New York, USA). Thereafter, she joined the State Theatre Dance Company (South Africa) and participated in national and international performances. Nyamza also attended choreography workshops at the Vienna International Dance Festival. She also received ballet training from Martin Schonberg at the Pact Dance Company (Pretoria, South Africa), attended African Dance workshops by Jamaine Acogny (Soweto, South Africa), and studied a dance course at Sadler’s Wells Theatre (London, United Kingdom). Guest: Ms. Mamela Nyamza - Deputy Artistic Director at The State Theatre, performance artist, dancer and choreographer
          

TRAVEL E VISAS

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SAfm — South Africa’s new e-visa system is launching in November – here’s what you need to know South Africa will trial a new e-visa system in November, making it easier for tourists to enter the country thanks to the online capture of visa applications and biometric information. Speaking to BusinessTech, Department of Home Affairs spokesperson Siya Qoza said that the pilot aims to test the resilience of the system, with the department already holding successful trials in a controlled environment. Guest: Minister Aaron Motsoaledi – Minister of Home Affairs
          

PanSALB has published and gazetted a South African Sign Language Charter for public comments

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SAfm — The Pan South African Language Board has published a draft charter on South African Sign Language that will become final next week if nobody objects to it. It creates obligations that will make sign language more commonly available in a range of situations, including anywhere front-line staff often deal with deaf people. It also requires all television programmes to carry sign language interpretation. For more stories go to www.BusinessInsider.co.za. The South African government and other employers could by next week be obliged to provide at least some training in South African Sign Language to large swathe of staff – and some classes of employees could be required to spend more than a month in advanced-level sign language classes. Guest: Dr Nomfundo Mali - Acting CEO of Pan South African Language Board
          

An open letter to minister nathi mthethwa by vatiswa ndara

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SAfm — Actress Vatiswa Ndara will not be returning for season 3 of the hit DStv show iGazi. Ndara announced her decision in a heartfelt yet scathing open letter to sports, arts and culture minister Nathi Mthethwa. Guest: Vatiswa Ndara – South African Award winning Actress. Guest: Asanda Magaqa – Minister Nathi Mthethwa's Spokesperson
          

Nobel prize announcements start today

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SAfm — The 2019 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists William G. Kaelin, Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," the Nobel Committee announced Monday. Guest: Her Excellency Ambassador Cecelia Julin – Swedish Ambassador for South Africa
          

Grade 9 proposed certificate by the Department of Basic Education: How do you feel about this?

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SAfm — Education activist Hendrick Makaneta said allowing pupils to exit the system after Grade 9 would drastically reduce the standard of education. File picture. Cape Town - South Africa’s economic prospects cannot afford a proposal where “we” allow Grade 9 pupils to leave the schooling system “that would leave them ill-prepared for the fast-changing world we live in”. That was according to student crowdfunding platform Feenix, in response to a proposal by Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga in which she floated a plan to introduce a General Education Certificate (GEC) for pupils after completing Grade 9. Guest: Hendrick Makaneta - Education Expert Guest: Mr Basil Manuel - National Executive Director of the National Professional Teachers' Organisation of South Africa
          

THE BIG INTERVIEW – RETIRED JUDGE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF SOUTH AFRICA, JUSTICE EDWIN CAMERON

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SAfm — 54th September (Yesterday) he was elected as Stellenbosch University's chancellor Edwin Cameron was born on 15 February 1953 in Pretoria. He completed his schooling at Pretoria Boys’ High School and thanks to an Anglo-American Corporation Open Scholarship award; Cameron was able to attend Stellenbosch University. At Stellenbosch, Cameron acquired a BA Law degree, and an Honours degree in Latin – both cum laude.
          

PAYING TRIBUTE TO THE LATE MAMA WINNIE NOMZAMO MANDELA

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SAfm — Winnie Madikizela-Mandela OLS MP (born Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela; 26 September 1936 – 2 April 2018 , also known as Winnie Mandela, was a South African anti-apartheid activist and politician, and the second wife of Nelson Mandela. She served as a Member of Parliament from 1994 to 2003,and from 2009 until her death,[4] and was a deputy minister of arts and culture from 1994 to 1996. A member of the African National Congress (ANC) political party, she served on the ANC's National Executive Committee and headed its Women's League. Madikizela-Mandela was known to her supporters as the "Mother of the Nation". Guest: Ntombizikhona Valela – PhD History Student AT WITS , Writer and Historian .Her research interest is in intellectual history and legacy of Winnie Mandela Mandela.
          

Health - Understanding stunting

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SAfm — What is stunting and why should people care? Stunting is a form of under-nutrition that affects a child’s physical and mental growth. It is defined as shortness for age, and can only by diagnosed by comparing a child’s measurements to standardised growth charts. 1 in 4 of South Africa’s children under the age of five years old are stunted. Stunted children on average perform worse at school, are more likely to be unemployed as adults, are at higher risk of getting diseases like diabetes and hypertension and are vulnerable to being trapped in inter-generational cycles of poverty. Guest: Dr Kopano Matlwa Mabaso - Executive Director at Grow Great
          

MUSIC FEATURE - SAMTHING SOWETO

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SAfm — Multi-award-winning musician Samthing Soweto has become the first local artist to have simultaneous number-one releases on both the Apple Music Singles and Album Charts in South Africa with a Pre-Add release. His latest single Akulaleki, featuring Shasha, DJ Maphorisa and Kabza De Small, is currently topping the singles chart with his forthcoming album topping the Album chart. DJ Maphorisa and Kabza De Small’s single, Amantombazane, which also features the vocals of Samthing Soweto is at number two on the Apple Music Singles chart. Guest: SAMTHING SOWETO
          

Road to success - Zozibini Tunzi

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SAfm — Zozibini Tunzi has been crowned Miss South Africa 2019. 25-year-old Zozibini from Cape Town walks away with the title as well as R3-million in prize money and sponsorships deals. The runner-up, Sasha-Lee Olivier, takes home R250 000 in cash, and all 16 finalists receive R25 000 Zozibini Tunzi (born 18 September 1993) is a South African beauty pageant titleholder who was crowned Miss South Africa 2019. She will now represent South Africa at the Miss Universe 2019 competition.
          

SANDF's deployment in Western Cape extended to March 2020

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SAfm — Western Cape Premier Alan Winde got his wish on Monday after President Cyril Ramaphosa extended the deployment of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) in the province for six more months. According to the Presidency on Monday, Ramaphosa has allowed the SANDF to stay until March 31, 2020. The original two-month deployment was meant to end on Monday. "The extension comes into effect today, Monday 16, September 2019," the Presidency said. "Members of the regular and reserve forces of the SANDF will undertake operations in cooperation with the police, and will support the prevention and combating of crime and maintenance and preservation of law and order in the Western Cape," Guest: Albert Fritz - Western Cape Community Safety MEC Guest: Byron De Villiers - Lentegeur Community Policing Forums (CPF) Chairperson – He says Army 'becoming tourists on the Cape Flats
          

THE AUDIT - BLACK TAX

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SAfm — With the majority of black South Africans still living in poverty today, many black middle-class households are connected to working-class or jobless homes. Some believe supporting family members is an undeniable part of African culture and question whether it should even be labelled as a kind of tax. Guest: Niq Mhlongo - Award-winning novelist, writer of short stories and screenplays (for radio and television), as well as a travel journalist Guest: Lorraine Sithole - Contributor to the book Black Tax , on the Programming Team For The South African Bookfair . Runs a Book Club for 8 years now Guest: Outlwile Tsipane - Contributor to the book Black Tax
          

Metrobus Bus strike

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SAfm — Guest: Dion Makhura – DEMAWUSA Spokesperson Metrobus workers plan to strike on Monday City of Cape Town issues deadline to MyCiTi N2 Express operators 10 arrested after thousands of litres of diesel stolen from Joburg bus depot A planned strike over pay could bring Johannesburg's Metrobus service to a halt on Monday, the Democratic Municipal and Allied Workers Union of South Africa (Demawusa) said.
          

MUSIC FEATURE – LIVE PERFORMANCE FROM BONGEZIWE MABANDLA

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SAfm — After two nominations for the South African Music Awards in 2013 following the release of his first album Umlilo and his award in 2018 for his second album, Mangaliso, the Tsolo-born artist is back with another project. Guest: Bongeziwe Mabandla - Award Winning Singer, guitarist and songwriter
          

SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL PARKS WEEK

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SAfm — The inaugural South African National Parks Week took place in 2006 and was aimed at linking the South African national parks system to the global national movement and to also showcase the best of South Africa’s national parks. SA National Parks Week 2019 South African National Parks will be presenting the 14th annual SA National Parks Week from 8 to 15 September 2019. We are proud to once again celebrate this week with our partners, Total South Africa and FNB. Guest: Ike Phaahla - Spokesperson at SANParks
          

SANDTOWN SHUTDOWN

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SAfm — Women began gathering in Sandton in the wee hours on Friday ahead of the planned #SandtonShutdown protest against Gender-Based Violence (GBV). The protest which comes one day after national crime stats indicated that violent crimes and murder had significantly worsened. On Thursday the National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (Numsa) issued a statement in support of the protest, which is a call to action from all civil society groups to participate in a massive sit-in in Sandton City in order to highlight the scourge of GBV. Guest: Nicky Newton King - CEO of Johannesburg Stock Exchange
          

THE BIG INTERVIEW – PROFESSOR PITIKA NTULI

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SAfm — Pitika Ntuli is a South African sculptor, poet,[1] writer, and academic who spent 32 years of his life in exile in Swaziland and the UK.[2][3] He holds an MFA from the Pratt Institute in New York and an MA in Comparative Industrial Relations and Industrial Sociology. While in exile in the UK he taught at Camberwell College of Art, Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, the London College of Printing, Middlesex University and the University of East London. Since returning to South Africa he has taught at Wits and UKZN. Guest: PROFESSOR PITIKA NTULI
          

Plan to shut down sandton in protest over gender-based and xenophobic violence

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SAfm — Guest: Lindelwa Nxumalo- Women’s Rights Coordinator for Action Aid Plan to shut down Sandton in protest over gender-based and xenophobic violence Tens of thousands protest outside parliament against gender-based violence following a week of brutal murders of young South African women in Cape Town, South Africa, 05 September 2019. Picture: EPA-EFE / NIC BOTHMA Tens of thousands protest outside parliament against gender-based violence following a week of brutal murders of young South African women in Cape Town, South Africa, 05 September 2019.
          

Steve Bikos legacy

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SAfm — Guest: Kaiser Khoza – National Chairperson for the Black Management Forum Policy and Research Touching tributes are flooding social media as South Africans remember Steve Bantu Biko, who was killed 42 years ago today. As one of the most recognisable members of the Black Consciousness Movement, Biko's outspokenness and fearlessness saw him confront the apartheid government, mainly on students' grievances.
          

MEN TALK - WHY MEN FEEL DISEMPOWERED?

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SAfm — According to the statistics provided by Statistics South Africa (StatsSA 2013:3) women in South Africa - regardless of race or location - are more impoverished than men. Despite this, female-headed households, particularly those in rural areas, are larger and more complex in structure than those headed by men. The large size of households, the fact that more than half of all the households (55.2%) are headed by women and that women on average earn less than men all contribute to their poverty status. Guest: Javu Baloyi - Spokesperson for the Commission of gender equality Commission of Gender Equality Siphiwe Moyo - Co Founder of Chief People Officer at Twice Blue Lecturer at GIBS, Henley & Wits Business School Charlie Petersen - Author of Growing Up Without A Father Professor Phil Beverly - Professor and Administrator at the University of Illinois at Chicago & Leader in Man Kind Project USA
          

Without Us Campaign

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SAfm — South African women have called on their fellow compatriots to join the ‘Without Us’ demonstrations, a daring display of dissatisfaction with the way the government has dealt with gender-based violence. Guest: Sibabalwe Sesmani - Founder of Unorthodox PR & Media Group and Founder of #WithoutUsSA march Farah Fortune - Founder of African Star Communications. She is solidarity with the #WithoutUsSA march
          

HER STORY - FATIMA MEER

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SAfm — Fatima Meer was born in Grey Street, Durban on 12 August 1928, the daughter of Moosa Meer and Rachel Farrel and the second born of their nine children. Her mother, Rachel, was an orphan of Jewish and Portuguese descent, but she converted to Islam and took the name Amina. Fatima Meer's father, Moosa, was born in Surat, Gujarat and came from the small Sunni Bhora community. Although not formally trained in Islamic theology, he was widely-read and highly respected for his immense knowledge of Islam, Hinduism and Christianity. He passed on his love for language, scholarship, religious tolerance and tireless opposition to discrimination to his children. Guest: Omar Badsha - South African documentary photographer, artist, political and trade union activist and an historian
          

The audit – rape culture

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SAfm — Rape culture has become a part of South African culture. It is normalised in our daily interactions in the taxi, at school, at places of worship, in the office, walking down the street, or shopping. It is part of our mundane activities; it features heavily in both the public and private sphere. It is a product of a system and a history of institutionalised coloniality, racism, patriarchy, misogyny and misogynoir. Rape culture is a product of gendered socialisation, it is one of the tenets of heteronormativity and patriarchy. Guest: Lisa Vetten - Gender Based Violence Researcher at Gender Wits Social Institute Guest: Malebo Oldjohn Tsindi – Rape Survivor ,Author & My Confessions
          

Pieter and Emily win World Rugby's Player of the Year awards

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Pieter and Emily win World Rugby's Player of the Year awards
England centre Emily Scarratt has been named World Rugby Women's Player of the Year, with South Africa's Pieter-Steph du Toit collecting the Men's Player of the Year award.
Scarratt saw off the challenge of her England colleagues Sarah Bern and Katy Daley-McLean. France's Pauline Bourdon and New Zealand's Kendra Cocksedge were also nominated.

Previous English winners of the award include Sarah Hunter, Maggie Alphonsi and Shelley Rae.

"It's mad," Scarratt said. "At the start of the season, I was still playing Sevens, so I have come back to XVs and got my teeth back into it.


          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

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Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education.

The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.

We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.

Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.

What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?

Kayleigh - Maths Teacher

'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.'

Alex - Maths Teacher

'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.'

Amy - Maths Teacher

'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!'
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

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Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!
  • Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
  • Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
  • Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
  • Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your developmentQuantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.By joining this wonderful program you will:
    • Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
    • Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
    • Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
    • Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

 Cache   
Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!

--- Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
--- Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
--- Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
--- Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your development

Quantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.

By joining this wonderful program you will:

--- Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
--- Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
--- Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
--- Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

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Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education.

The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.

We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.

Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.

What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?

Kayleigh - Maths Teacher

'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.'

Alex - Maths Teacher

'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.'

Amy - Maths Teacher

'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!'
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

 Cache   
Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!
  • Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
  • Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
  • Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
  • Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your developmentQuantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.By joining this wonderful program you will:
    • Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
    • Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
    • Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
    • Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

 Cache   
Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!

--- Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
--- Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
--- Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
--- Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your development

Quantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.

By joining this wonderful program you will:

--- Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
--- Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
--- Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
--- Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

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Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government?s Department for Education.?The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.?As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.?We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.?Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.?As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won?t need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.?What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?Kayleigh ? Maths Teacher?I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.?Alex ? Maths Teacher?They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.?Amy ? Maths Teacher?The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!??
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

 Cache   
Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education.

The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.

We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.

Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.

What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?

Kayleigh - Maths Teacher

'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.'

Alex - Maths Teacher

'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.'

Amy - Maths Teacher

'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!'
          

TEACH SCIENCE IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY OR SEPTEMBER 2020!

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Science teachers in the USA are highly encouraged to join a wonderful teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education. This is a wonderful opportunity to teach abroad in England!

For three years we have recruited the very best science teaching talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

Come and visit Quantum Scholars at the Regional NSTA Conference in Seattle where we will be presenting and exhibiting on December 12-14.

We are looking for middle or high school science teachers who specialise in physics, chemistry or biology that are available to teach in England from January 2020 or September 2020.

There are also financial rewards on offer with flights reimbursed to England up to $900.

Science teachers can expect tremendous support during the relocation and visa phase and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning your science teaching contract.

As you teach in England, you'll be assured of a school that compliments your experience and skill-set and also provides you with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified science teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.
          

Five million face masks handed out in Delhi

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A public health emergency has been declared in Delhi, which is ranked as the world's most polluted city. Also: the British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, is told to scrap his deal with the EU and form an alliance with Nigel Farage in December's general election, and we hear from a women's rugby team in South Africa which is hoping for Springbok success in Saturday's World Cup final.
          

Hope, tears and fears -- Can South Africa's victorious homecoming make a lasting difference this time?

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South Africa rose as one to acclaim their Rugby World Cup winners on Tuesday, but previous successes in 1995 and 2007 eventually evaporated into racial tension again.
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

 Cache   
Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government?s Department for Education.?The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.?As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.?We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.?Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.?As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won?t need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.?What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?Kayleigh ? Maths Teacher?I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.?Alex ? Maths Teacher?They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.?Amy ? Maths Teacher?The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!??
          

South Africa loosehead prop Tendai Mtawarira, announces his retirement

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The 34-year-old, whose ball carries led to affectionate chants of 'Beast' in stadia around the world, was a stand-out performer as the Boks beat England 32-12 to lift the Webb Ellis trophy.
          

Final Words to my Faithful Flock in South Africa

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[By Clint Archer] Some months ago my wife and I, after much prayer and counsel from loved ones and my elders, made the decision to accept a call to move from Hillcrest South Africa to a church in Mobile Alabama, USA. December 8 will be my installation at Christ Fellowship Baptist Church. On the first […]
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

 Cache   
Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!
  • Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
  • Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
  • Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
  • Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your developmentQuantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.By joining this wonderful program you will:
    • Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
    • Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
    • Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
    • Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

 Cache   
Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!
  • Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
  • Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
  • Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
  • Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your developmentQuantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.By joining this wonderful program you will:
    • Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
    • Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
    • Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
    • Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

TEACH SCIENCE IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY OR SEPTEMBER 2020!

 Cache   
Science teachers in the USA are highly encouraged to join a wonderful teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government?s Department for Education. This is a wonderful opportunity to teach abroad in England!For three years we have recruited the very best science teaching talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.?Come and visit Quantum Scholars at the Regional NSTA Conference in Seattle where we will be presenting and exhibiting on December 12-14.?We are looking for middle or high school science teachers who specialise in physics, chemistry or biology that are available to teach in England from January 2020 or September 2020.?There are also financial rewards on offer with flights reimbursed to England up to $900.?Science teachers can expect tremendous support during the relocation and visa phase and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning your science teaching contract.As you teach in England, you?ll be assured of a school that compliments your experience and skill-set and also provides you with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.As a certified science teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won?t need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

 Cache   
Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!
  • Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
  • Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
  • Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
  • Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your developmentQuantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.By joining this wonderful program you will:
    • Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
    • Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
    • Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
    • Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

REVIVE THE BATAK CULTURE

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REVIVE THE BATAK CULTURE
by: Neneng Tarigan

http://www.tobaphotographerclub.com/data/media/7/Rumah_adat_karo.jpg


It was 25th June 2010, still sundown at 18.00 pm, I and Angie hurriedly driving through the traffic jam of the capital city in order to promptly arrive at the Haji Usmar Ismail Film Head Quarter, so that we would not be late for the REVIVE OF THE BATAK CULTURE program.

As a Batak Karo I am and Batak Tapanuli for Angie, we were both quite seldom to attend or even almost had never been to any particular Batak program like this one. However that night was so special for us to support the Maranatha Choir mission to Austria to compete in the World Choir competition together with the group of churches choirs from all over the world. Whatever the reason was, the effort of Maranatha group would have crafted a good name for Indonesia as a country and a nation that has been so pluralistic.

At 19.00 pm, we arrived at the Usmar Ismail Film Head Quarter. Not so many guests arrived yet; what it seen was the busy of the committee and the Batak Tapanuli's traditional percussion players named Batara Guru. Hm... that is quite similar with the name of a wise god in the Mahabharata epics. In the lobby of the building, Batara Guru play some of lovely Batak's songs with their traditional percussion, whereas just in front of them lies an exhibition of beautiful Batak woven clothes created by Batak designer Merdi Sihombing. Merdi used to live in Austria to deepen his study on textile; his Batak woven creation which used Swarowzky beads in most of his design has already have special costumers in Europe.

Beside of getting fund for the Maranatha Choir Group mission to Austria; Revive the Batak Culture program was also aimed at raising fund for building a school for children at Samosir Isle in Toba lake. A sincere idea of Merdi Sihombing.

Revive The Batak Culture program itself begun at 20.00 pm. Not many audiences present in the program, since almost all eyes of the people at that time were focused on South Africa where the world football match or the World Cup taken place. I my self is a great fan of the World Cup. Ever since the television exist, the World Cup event which is conducted every 4 years became my most awaited event ever. Nevertheless, that night I feel I was called to watch the Batak's Cultural Performance, beside of that my niece Lulu the daughter of my late cousin Maria Erbina Barus with late Singarimbun was also taken part as a committee of the program and she will join the Maranatha Group mission to Austria in July 2010. Few years ago, this group and Lulu were also went to Austria and won as the first winner of the world choir competition that time. What a prestige indeed.

That night the program was filled with Batak modernized dances, but oooiiii... besides the beautiful dances, the dancers also wore the unique, lovely and attractive Merdi's hand woven colorful clothes. The MC was also funny, the songs were also exclusively special especially those songs sung by Ramona Purba with his traditional Batak Karo Band Endakustik, and most specially the songs sang by Victor Hutabarat and Tio Fanta Pinem.

That night I really was swayed and admired by the uniqueness, and the beauty as well as the friendliness of Batak Lima Puak/the Five Tribes of Batak (Tapanuli, Karo, Simalungun, Dairi and sorry if Dairi is not the same with Simalungun). I felt so convenient with the ambiance and the songs because they were so lively and melodious. What sad was, although I am the product of mix marriage of Ambonese + Mandailing from my mom's side and Karo from my father's side. These tribes are famous in producing the top Indonesian singers, however none in our family has the talent.

Beside of dancing and singing performance the program was also interlude with the fashion show of well known beautiful models of the capital. They performed the Merdi Sihombing's creations. Ooooiii...although I am not rich, I was really eager to have just a master piece of this great young designer creations. He dreams to promote the traditional Batak's woven to international market. A solemnly idea indeed.

How lucky I was at the bid that night, because of the pro gesture of the young designer Merdi Sihombing and my favorite singer Victor Hutabarat, at last I was able to win a master piece of one of Merdi Sihombing's design. For me, that was the most expensive cloth I had ever bailed, although the historical value, the culture and uniqueness of the piece must have priced higher than what I paid. Thanks God I had the opportunity to have that Batak cultural creation.

The efforts and the results of the program was not really met with all of the efforts taken by the committee, the sponsors, the models, the designer, the singers and all of the artists who were present that night. Just if I am rich, I was able to help ..................
Nevertheless, it was such a wonderful night that I will treasure in my life together with my kid/niece Angie.

REVIVE THE BATAK CULTURE (Pembangkitan Kembali Budaya Batak)
Oleh: Neneng Tarigan

Hari itu tanggal 25 Juni 2010, masih pukul 18.00 senja hari, saya dan Angie buru-buru berkenderaan menembus kemacetan lalu lintas ibu kota untuk segera bisa mencapai Gedung Pusat Perfilman Haji Usmar Ismail, Kuningan, agar tidak terlambat menghadiri acara REVIVE THE BATAK CULTURE. Sebagai orang yang masih berdarah Batak Karo untuk saya dan Tapanuli bagi Angie, kami memang jarang sekali atau hampir tidak pernah menghadiri acara-acara khusus budaya Batak seperti ini. Akan tetapi ini adalah malam yang sangat special untuk mendukung keberangkatan group koor Maranatha ke Austria bertanding merebut kejuaraan koor dari berbagai gereja dan kelompok gereja sedunia. Apapun alasannya, upaya ini pasti untuk keharuman nama bangsa dan negara Indonesia yang sangat majemuk ini.

Pukul 19.00 kami tiba di Gedung Pusat Perfilman. Belum banyak yang hadir; yang tampak adalah kesibukan panitia dan gendang tradisional Batak Tapanuli bernama Batara Guru. Hm... suatu nama yang mirip sekali dengan nama Dewa bijak dari kisah pewayangan Mahabarata. Di lobby gedung, Batara Guru memainkan dengan sangat indah lagu-lagu gending Batak, sedangkan didepannya terhampar tenun-tenun songket Batak yang luar biasa indah dari designer Batak ternama Merdi Sihombing. Merdi, pernah tinggal di Austria untuk belajar memperdalam mengenai tekstil; bahkan hasil karya tenun Bataknya yang menggunakan manik-manik Swarozky mendapat tempat dan penggemar sendiri di dunia fashion Eropa.

Acara the Revive Batak Culture ini selain menggalang dana untuk keberangkatan group koor Maranatha; juga ditujukan untuk pembangunan sekolah di Pulau Samosir Danau Toba. Suatu niat yang sangat luhur dari Merdi Sihombing.

Acara Revive The Batak Culture-nya sendiri baru dimulai pukul 20.00 malam. Tidak banyak yang hadir, karena hampir semua orang dan semua mata dunia saat itu tertuju ke Afrika Selatan, tempat diselenggarakannya pertandingan sepak bola dunia. Saya sendiri penggemar berat pertandingan sepak bola dunia. Sejak adanya televisi, maka Pertandingan Sepak Bola Dunia yang merupakan ajang pertandingan empat tahun sekali adalah event yang sangat saya nanti-nantikan. Namun malam itu saya terpanggil untuk menyaksikan pagelaran kesenian Batak, selain itu Lulu keponakan saya dari sepupu saya almarhum Maria Erbina Barus dan almarhum Singarimbun ambil bagian karena dia termasuk panitia yang akan turut berangkat dengan group Maranatha bulan Juli 2010. Beberapa tahun sebelumnya group ini dan Lulu juga pernah berangkat dan mereka memenangkan sebagai juara pertandingan koor sedunia tersebut. Sungguh membanggakan memang.

Acara malam itu diisi dengan tari-tarian Batak yang sudah di permodern, akan tetapi oooiiii... selain tariannya yang indah, mereka mengenakan kain-kain tenun Merdi Sihombing yang sangat unik, cantik dan menarik. Pembawa acaranya juga sangat kocak, apalagi lagu-lagu yang dibawakan oleh Ramona Purba dan group tradisional musik Batak karo-nya Endakustik sangat eksklusif sekali terutama lagu-lagu Batak yang dibawakan oleh Victor Hutabarat dan Tio Fanta Pinem.

Malam itu saya benar-benar dibuai dan mengaggumi tradisi Batak yang unik dan indah dan keakraban Batak Lima Puak (Tapanuli, Karo, Simalungun,Dairi dan Mandailing= hmmm, maaf bila mungkin Dairi sama dengan Simalungun.) Apapun alasannya, saya merasakan sangat nyaman dengan suasana dan lagu-lagunya yang merdu meriah. Sedihnya, saya merupakan hasil campuran dari perkawinan Ambon+ Mandailing ibu saya dan Karo adalah darah ayah saya. Suku-suku ini terkenal menghasilkan segudang penyanyi-penyanyi top Indonesia, akan tetapi didalam keluarga besar kami, tidak satupun yang berbakat.

Selain tari dan nyanyi, acara ini juga diselingi dengan fashion show dari pragawati ternama ibu kota yang cantik-cantik. Mereka memperagakan kain-kain tenun Merdi Sihombing yang indah. Ooooiii...walaupun tidak kaya, saya benar-benar ingin memiliki salah satu saja dari disain kreasi anak muda yang luar biasa ini. Dia bercita-cita mengangkat budaya dan tenun tradisional Batak. Suatu cita-cita yang sangat luhur.

Alangkah beruntungnya saya, pada acara lelang malam itu, berkat keberpihakan sang disainer muda Merdi Sihombing dan penyanyi kesayangan saya Victor Hutabarat, akhirnya saya bisa membawa sehelai disain unik Merdi Sihombing. Buat saya, itu adalah harga termahal yang saya tebus, walaupun sebenarnya nilai historis, budaya, keunikannya, beratus kali pasti lebih mahal dari harga yang saya tebus. Terimakasih Tuhan aku sempat memiliki hasil kaya budaya Batak.
Upaya dan hasil yang dibuahkan acara ini, benar-benar tidak sebanding sama sekali dengan seluruh upaya yang dikerahkan panitia, para pendukung, pragawati, disainer serta para penyanyi dan seniman yang hadir pada malam itu. Andai saja saya kaya dan dapat membantu...........
Akan tetapi, bagaimanapun juga, itu adalah malam yang indah yang akan saya kenang sepanjang masa bersama anak/ponakan saya Angie.

          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

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Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!

--- Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
--- Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
--- Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
--- Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your development

Quantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.

By joining this wonderful program you will:

--- Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
--- Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
--- Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
--- Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

Local South African Economic Conditions

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As the world economy spirals into crisis stage, with fully-fledged deglobalisation and a new round of financial turmoil, the South African context is just as foreboding.
Corporations and workers alike are ill prepared for the period ahead, especially if it entails another export-led drive through SEZs, particularly if the 4th Industrial Revolution plays a major role in maintaining links to otherwise-fraying global value chains. Historically, the main era in which worsening vulnerability to (...)

- English / , , , ,
          

Become a Math Teacher in England!

 Cache   
Become a Quantum Scholar and enjoy access to the very best support and mentorship available when teaching in England. This UK government funded program recruits the very best certified math teachers from across the USA, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.We are recruiting now for positions starting in January 2020 and September 2020!
  • Teach in England as part of a highly successful program in its third year of operation.
  • Receive comprehensive support and training in becoming a successful math teacher in England
  • Flight to England reimbursed up to $900
  • Teach in England in a school that matches your character and experience and is also committed to your developmentQuantum Scholars teachers receive incredible support, additional training and assistance during the relocation phase of teaching abroad.By joining this wonderful program you will:
    • Become a math teacher in England in a school at the forefront of math education
    • Receive support and mentorship from your school and Quantum Scholars network
    • Participate in an outstanding subject-specific week-long CPD training session at a Russell Group university in London and be brought up to speed with the latest math pedagogy
    • Receive one-to-one assistance and support processing your visa from a fully licensed immigration firm
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

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Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education.

The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.

We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.

Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.

What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?

Kayleigh - Maths Teacher

'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.'

Alex - Maths Teacher

'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.'

Amy - Maths Teacher

'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!'
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

 Cache   
Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government?s Department for Education.?The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.?As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.?We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.?Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.?As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won?t need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.?What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?Kayleigh ? Maths Teacher?I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.?Alex ? Maths Teacher?They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.?Amy ? Maths Teacher?The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!??
          

Domestic workers turn to Concourt over exclusion from compensation act

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The South African Domestic Allied Workers Union which governs and protects domestic workers has filled an open application that is for the Constitutional Court claiming the exclusion of domestic workers from the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act is unconstitutional.

SADSAWU filled the application because the daughter of a deceased domestic who, died while at work wants to contest the ruling at the North Gauteng High Court. The daughter who is known as Sylvia Mahlangu is represented by the Socio Economic Rights Institution of South Africa. Mahlangu said the family her mother used to work for paid her mother R2 500 a month and the family she worked for allegedly paid the Mahlangu family less than R5 000 for the funeral. Mahlangu said she was excluded from claiming from the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act. Mahlangu doesn’t understand why she was not allowed to claim funds from the organisation as the organisation compensates employees for work related injuries.

The Socio Economic Rights Institution has approached the Constitutional courts on Wednesday with their statement made by Sylvia. A court date hearing has not been confirmed yet.

By Chuma

          

TEACH SCIENCE IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY OR SEPTEMBER 2020!

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Science teachers in the USA are highly encouraged to join a wonderful teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education. This is a wonderful opportunity to teach abroad in England!

For three years we have recruited the very best science teaching talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

Come and visit Quantum Scholars at the Regional NSTA Conference in Seattle where we will be presenting and exhibiting on December 12-14.

We are looking for middle or high school science teachers who specialise in physics, chemistry or biology that are available to teach in England from January 2020 or September 2020.

There are also financial rewards on offer with flights reimbursed to England up to $900.

Science teachers can expect tremendous support during the relocation and visa phase and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning your science teaching contract.

As you teach in England, you'll be assured of a school that compliments your experience and skill-set and also provides you with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified science teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.
          

Premier Hand-Wash Sounder - DAN 1 (Digital Audio Notifier) (From Mimic Components CC)

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Mimic Components launched the newly developed hand-wash reminder sounding device. The box is designed to help meet with the new South African health and safety regulations.
          

New -Enclosures for CCTV Cameras (From Mimic Components CC)

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There is a new CCTV camera enclosure design for easy installation. This new advancement improves both mounting and connection setup for the installer. Designed and made in South Africa the CCTV camera addresses unique related challenges.
          

MATH TEACHERS WANTED IN ENGLAND FROM JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

 Cache   
Join a wonderful math teaching program called Quantum Scholars which is supported and funded by the UK Government's Department for Education.

The program recruits the very best math teacher talent from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica and South Africa.

As part of the program, math teachers can also expect tremendous support and an acclimatisation week of training prior to beginning a contract.

We are recruiting for math teachers to begin employment from either January 2020 or September 2020 with financial rewards of your flight to England reimbursed up to $900.

Math teachers are assured of a school that compliments their experience and skill-set and also provides them with exceptional support, both in and out of the classroom.

As a certified middle or high school math teacher from the USA, you are automatically recognised as a fully qualified teacher in England, meaning you won't need to take any additional qualifications in order to teach.

What do our current Quantum Scholars think of the program?

Kayleigh - Maths Teacher

'I would definitely recommend Quantum Scholars to anyone looking to teach in England. The entire experience has been great and I am really enjoying teaching in the UK. The school I work in has been a great fit for me and my personality as well as my experiences in the USA.'

Alex - Maths Teacher

'They are prompt, effective communicators that are eager to support you through the process. They are extremely supportive and informative and make an intimidating process seem easy. It is a great program where the representatives are excited to help you with the transition.'

Amy - Maths Teacher

'The advice I received when making a decision to accept my position was extremely honest and helpful. The process of securing a math teaching position in England was made so much easier by working with Quantum Scholars. I received honest feedback and was helped every step of the way with advice and answers to every question I had!'
          

Offer - Unessential Acknowledged Ways to deal with direct KetoTrin South Africa - Pretoria

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Canada's Hadwin named to Presidents Cup for second time; Conners just misses out

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By The Canadian Press

The last time Adam Hadwin played in a Presidents Cup, he went home disappointed. But next month, he's getting another shot at winning the international team event.

Hadwin, from Abbotsford, B.C., made his Presidents Cup debut two years ago when the international team lost 19-11 to the United States at Liberty National Golf Club in Jersey City, N.J. South Africa's Ernie Els made Hadwin one of his four captain's picks on Wednesday night, along with Australia's Jason Day, Chile's Joaquin Niemann and South Korea's Sungjae Im.

...

Read More
          

Fleet Management Market and its Key Opportunities and Challenges

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ARI Fleet Management (US), Azuga (US), Chevin Fleet Solutions (Australia), Ctrack (US), Donlen Corporation (US), Geotab (Canada), GPS Insight (US), Masternaut (UK), MiX Telematics (South Africa) , Nextraq (US), Teletrac
          

Queen's research finds that global activism has helped combat worker exploitation on South African vineyards

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Newswise imageA new research study from Queen's University Belfast has examined the changing inspection of labour standards on South African vineyards, arguing that activist pressure on wine global supply chains has added pressure on both private and public regulators to tackle labour exploitation.
          

Yasir Seaidan snatches early lead in AlUla-Neom race

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Author: 
Thu, 2019-11-07 02:27

ALULA: Yasir Seaidan was the early leader of the AlUla–Neom Cross-Country Rally, the third round of the Saudi Toyota Desert Rally Championship, after setting the fastest time of 1hr 47min 08sec on the opening loop stage of 212km around AlUla on Wednesday.

The MINI All4 Racing driver and French navigator François Cazalet won the stage by 5min 45sec from Abu Dhabi Racing Sheikh Khalid Al-Qassimi and French co-driver Xavier Panseri in a Peugeot 2008. “It was a fast stage with nice scenery but we lost a few minutes after 46km and tried hard to catch the time up again,” said Al-Qassimi, a former FIA Middle East rally champion. 

Pre-race favorite Yazeed Al-Rajhi lost more time than anticipated trying to change a left rear puncture when one of the bolts wouldn’t free itself. The Toyota Hilux driver finished third with Russian navigator Konstantin Zhiltsov and returned to AlUla 6min 24sec off the lead.

Two-time former FIA Formula One World Champion Fernando Alonso quickly got into the groove across the Saudi deserts with navigator Marc Coma and was pleased to complete the day’s action in fourth place, 79 seconds behind his Toyota teammate. 

Alonso said: “The first stage in Saudi Arabia was okay for me, over 200km, without any issues and this is a good start for us because we had a lot of problems in South Africa and Morocco. This is good for our preparations. Tomorrow I hope we have a day with a little bit more pace. The terrain today was amazing. It is nice to see it.”

Former Ha’il Rally winner Essa Al-Dossary was the best of the rest in fifth place in his ED Racing Nissan Navara. 

Czech Miroslav Zapletal rounded off the top six on the high-speed opening stage of the four-day event being organised by the Saudi Automobile and Motorcycle Federation (SAMF), under the chairmanship of Prince Khalid bin Sultan Al-Abdullah Al-Faisal and supervision of former FIA Middle East champion Abdullah Bakhashab. 

Yousef Al-Suwaidi led the TL2 category for series production cross-country vehicles in 14th place in a Nissan and Saleh Al-Saif topped the T3 standings in 15th at the helm of his Can-Am. Saudi driver Saeed Al-Mouri retired from the day’s action suffering from back pain. 

Mishal Alghuneim was the only motorcycle rider to complete the full stage on his KTM in a time of 3hr 07min 42sec. The Saudi built up a massive lead when time penalties were imposed on rivals Mohammed Al-Oraini and Abdullah Al-Helal. 

Competition was far closer in the quad category, where recent Rally Qassim winner Abdulmajeed Al-Khulaifi edged into a 3min 07sec advantage over fellow Yamaha rider Riyadh Al-Orafan. Sufyan Al-Omar was third of the nine quad riders who started the stage. Abdulsalem Hamam crashed and sustained a leg injury and was supported by Nissan driver Ahmed Al-Shegawi at the scene of the incident. 

Teams will tackle a second loop of 212km around AlUla on Thursday. 

The event is running with the support of the Saudi Automobile and Motorcycle Federation, the General Sport Authority, Abdul Latif Jameel Motors (Toyota), the MBC Group, Al-Arabia outdoors and the Saudi Research and Marketing Group. 

 

 

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Saudi Arabia’s AlUla-Neom Cross-Country Rally races to lifeAlUla-Neom Cross-Country rally gears up for exciting 3rd round
          

Saudi Arabia’s AlUla-Neom Cross-Country Rally races to life

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Author: 
Wed, 2019-11-06 01:34

ALULA: The AlUla-Neom Cross-Country Rally, the third round of the new Saudi Toyota Desert Rally Championship, roared into life with a fanfare ceremonial start outside AlUla on Tuesday afternoon.

A large crowd of visitors and local residents gathered at Al-Dawarat center to witness Prince Khalid bin Sultan Al-Abdullah Al-Faisal, president of Saudi Automobile and Motorcycle Federation, and AlUla Gov. Rashid Abdullah Al-Qahtani flag off 60 cars and 16 motorcycles from 22 nations at the start of the third round of the championship.

Before the podium start, racing icons including two-time former Formula One World Champion Fernando Alonso, winner of the second-round of Rally Qassim 2019 Yazeed Al-Rajhi and top Emirati rally driver Sheikh Khalid Al Qassimi attended the official pre-press conference.

The rally began between AlUla and Neom yesterday with a first phase of 212 km, which will be followed by a second phase on Wednesday of 212 km. On Thursday, racers will pass through the village of Abu Qazzaz in a stretch of 231 km, before finally facing the 175 km fourth stage in the Neom area on Saturday.

“This is a ground-breaking event for Saudi Arabia and we are extremely proud to see so many famous names from the world of cross-country rallying here with us,” said Al-Faisal.

He welcomed Alonso for taking part in the rally: “We are very pleased to have such a legendary name in our local rally list and we hope that he will have a successful experience before joining the Dakar Rally, which will be hosted by the Kingdom.”

Alonso will be seen behind the wheels of one of the eight Hiluxes to be fielded by Overdrive Racing and Toyota Gazoo Racing Team South Africa.

Speaking during the pre-event press conference, Alonso said that the AlUla Neom rally will be “excellent training” for him on similar terrain to the Dakar stages next January.

He said: “I am very happy to be here in Saudi Arabia for the first time and would like to express my gratitude for the great welcome and hospitality I have received since I landed here.”

He added “This is my second desert rally after Morocco. I am sure my team will enjoy the stay in this beautiful country and hope to see you again at the Dakar Rally.”

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AlUla-Neom Cross-Country rally gears up for exciting 3rd roundYazeed Al-Rajhi claims narrow victory in Saudi Arabia's inaugural Rally Qassim 2019
          

The ‘Bloodhound’ supercar aiming to break the land speed record

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The Bloodhound is half race car and half space ship, and a team from the UK are hoping it will eventually be the world’s fastest car. It clocked 501mph on Wednesday, during a series of tests in South Africa. But it is still at least a year off attempting to break the land speed record ...
          

Confidence high in Bloodhound land speed record team

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The UK-led challenge to the land speed record clocks 501mph in the Kalahari Desert of South Africa.
          

The 'Bloodhound' supercar aiming to break the land speed record

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The BBC met the driver of Bloodhound - part racing car and part spaceship - during testing in South Africa.
          

This Is for You, South Africa: Springboks Start Trophy Tour

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PRETORIA, South Africa — Telling ordinary South Africans that the victory and the trophy was for them, Springboks captain Siya Kolisi and his team have started a five-day tour where they will carry...
          

This is for you, South Africa: Springboks start trophy tour

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South African Springbok rugby captain Siya Kolisi with the Web Ellis trophy arrives back on home soil at the O.R. Tambo Airport in Johannesburg Tuesday, Nov. 5, 2019. South Africa beat England in the...
          

Crises and forms of populism in South Africa: A study of the African National Congress and Inkatha

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Saloojee, Anver ProQuest Dissertations and Theses 01 Jan 1991

Formats: Citation/Abstract

          

South African Phen375 Weight Loss Pills Review OTC

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SouthAfricanPhen375WeightLossPillsReviewOTCComparesPhen375WeightLossPillsReviewBest.Hecontinuedtoberatethechie Continue reading
          

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No country for young people

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  A generational injustice of epic proportions is playing out on the national stage. In the six-year period from 2015/16 to 2021/22, South Africa will be borrowing a billion rand a day, every single day to pay our bloated public sector wage bill and prop up failed state-owned companies. As Finance Minister Tito Mboweni was revealing this […]

The post No country for young people appeared first on The Heralder.


          

Ford commits to grow its business in South Africa, create more jobs

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  The Ford Motor Company is committed to work closely with the South African government, and local stakeholders in expanding its automotive business in the country and creating more jobs, the company’s managing director for Southern Africa Neale Hill said on Tuesday. “Mr President [Cyril Ramaphosa], I can confirm to you today that Ford Motor […]

The post Ford commits to grow its business in South Africa, create more jobs appeared first on The Heralder.


          

South Africa-Ireland Joint Commission: Agriculture, science in the spotlight

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  Dirco’s Deputy Minister, Alvin Botes, has led a delegation to Dublin, where he will co-chair the inaugural South Africa-Ireland Joint Commission for Cooperation with the Minister of the State for the Diaspora and International Development of Ireland, Mr Ciarán Cannon. What is the South Africa-Ireland Joint Commission all about? The Joint Commission is an engagement between […]

The post South Africa-Ireland Joint Commission: Agriculture, science in the spotlight appeared first on The Heralder.


          

This is for you, South Africa: Springboks start trophy tour

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South Africa's Rugby World Cup-winning team has started a five-day victory tour where they will carry the trophy across their country
          

Bloodhound land speed record car breaks 500mph barrier in South Africa test

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Bloodhound LSR topped its benchmark testing target of 500mph in the South African desert, posting a new top speed of 501mph as it builds up to a land speed record attempt in 2020/21

Bloodhound land speed record car during its 501mph run on November 6 2019

Bloodhound on Hakskeenpan on October 28 Photo: Charlie Sperring

The Bloodhound land speed record car has passed its 500mph testing target, with a new top speed of 501mph.

On his eighth run in the South African desert earlier today, driver Andy Green hit the benchmark in preparation for an attempt on the record in 12 to 18 months time.

The car had been damaged on previous runs when, at more than 400mph, the force of the had peeled away bodywork.

But, in social media posts, the Bloodhound LSR team announced that the repair work had held and the car returned from its 501mph blast without no major issues.

The video below shows the car on a run earlier this week.

Bloodhound's speed tests are taking place on the dry lake bed of the Hakskeenpan in the Kalahari desert, where the Bloodhound Land Speed Record (LSR) team hope that it will eventually become the fastest car in the world, beating the current record of 763.035mph, set by Green in Thrust SSC in 1997

As testing speeds rose above 400mph last week, the extreme forces began to damage the car.

"The issue was with an ‘into wind step’, which is an area of the bodywork that high speed air and desert grit blasted into at such a rate on this run, that it peeled back a corner, up to the first rivet," said Mark Chapman, the project's engineering director.

"The Fabrication Team are trimming the 30mm long piece of titanium off before they bond and rivet a patch to cover the area."

The team noted after the seventh run that damage to the rear of the car was inflicted by impact damage caused by debris originating around the front wheels.

 

Bloodhound South Africa testing: as it happened

After a week of preparation on Hakskeenpan, Bloodhound's Rolls-Royce EJ200 jet engine was fired up for the first time in South Africa at the end of October. It's the only engine needed for the test; a rocket will also be needed for the land speed record attempt.

The testing programme marks the first time that the car has been driven since 2017 when the car hit 200mph on the runway at Cornwall Airport.

Since then the Bloodhound Land Speed Record (LSR) project was rescued from administration last December by businessman Ian Warhurst. The car's distinctive blue and orange livery has been replaced, but the tail fin with the names of 36,000 supporters has been recreated.


Bloodhound test programme

  • October 25 Run 1 Static engine test, followed by a slow (100mph) speed run to check steering and brakes
  • October 28 Run 2 Maximum dry power (using the jet without afterburner) to reach 200mph, then a coast-down
  • October 28 Run 3 Full afterburner to reach 334mph, with stability tests, then a coast-down. Parachute data collected
  • October 30 Run 4 Engine shutdown after 1.5km after a suspected vibration on an uneven surface
  • October 31 Run 5 Top speed of 380mph. Right parachute deployed for the first time at 340mph
  • November 1 Run 6 Maximum afterburner start takes the car to 461mph. Left parachute deployed for the first time. Bodywork damage from high-speed air.
  • November 5 Run 7 491mph top speed is reached as team continues work on studying data and effects of drag on the car under deceleration. Further damage recorded.
  • November 6 Run 8 Bloodhound LSR records target speed of 501mph

The current programme gradually built the speed of the car to 500mph to gather vast amounts of data on how the car behaves as it accelerates and slows down from these speeds.

The wheel brakes, airbrakes and drag parachutes are being deployed to slow the car to assess their effectiveness and their impact on stability. Across the car, there are 192 pressure sensors to measure airflow and to ensure that it matches up with CFD modelling. 

Once complete, the team will return to Britain to analyse the data and make any necessary adjustments ahead of a bid to Thrust SSC's 763.035mph benchmark.

The car will also be fitted with its monopropellant rocket for the full record attempt, again in the Hakskeenpan desert, which is planned for 12 to 18 months' time.


Related content


 

Bloodhound LSR in South Africa

Bloodhound Land Speed Record vehicle in South Africa

Bloodhound arrives at Hakskeenpan Photo: Bloodhound LSR

The 6.4-tonne Bloodhound LSR was transported to South Africa via air freight in order to protect it against any uncontrolled shocks in transit, and then rebuilt in the desert, which included fitting its bespoke aluminium wheels.

These weigh 95kg each and are capable of spinning at 10,200rpm: up to four times faster than those of a Formula 1 car at top speed.

The speed that Bloodhound is capable of reaching will mean the wheels will rise to such an extent that they will act more similarly to the rudders of a speedboat as it nears top speed.

Bloodhound LSR engineering director Mark Chapman said the process of converting the car to be able to run in a desert has required an incredible amount of work.

“Transforming Bloodhound from a runway spec car to one capable of reaching speeds in the transonic range on the desert racetrack has been no small task. The team of engineers, craftsmen, fabricators and technicians have pulled out all the stops to upgrade the car in just a few months since the rescue from administration last December."

Preparation of the desert was no small task either: testing requires a 250 metre-wide, 10 mile-long section of the dry lake bed, cleared entirely of debris. A total of 16,500 tonnes of rock were cleared from 22 million square metres of ground by the local Mier community.

The area allows the car to run up to 25 times, on parallel tracks. It can't run over the same piece of ground twice, as the mud surface breaks up as the car rolls over it.

Side view of the Bloodhound Land Speed Record car ahead of speed trials in the South African desert in 2019

Photo: Elliot Davies

Although Bloodhound LSR is expected to be capable of breaking the current land speed record, the team is not planning to aim for the original goal — of a 1,000mph speed — during the car's initial record attempt in 12 to 18 months' time.

If it does succeed in setting a new land speed record, the data from those runs will be reviewed before a further attempt is made to hit 1,000mph.

This article is being updated as testing progresses so some comments below refer to earlier versions.

Writer
Jake Williams-Smith
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In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the totoaba bladder is believed to cure arthritis. As with much of TCM, the claim is unproven and inevitably creates more harm than good. An entire ecosystem is on the verge of collapse thanks to the illegal bladder trade between the Mexican cartel and Chinese businessmen.

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Derek: Congratulations on "Sea of Shadows." And thank you for keeping me up all night.

Richard: I tell people to buckle up before the movie starts.

Derek: I would love to know how you became interested in this topic.

Richard: In general, I'm interested in films with impact and a mission behind them. That started with Jane Goodall, who I was lucky enough to follow around the world about 10 years ago while shooting a film called "Jane's Journey." She inspired me to look at the natural world in a different way and understand that our world is in peril and is really falling apart.

"The Ivory Game" was the first result of her inspiration. Then came "Sea of Shadows," which was brought to us by Leonardo DiCaprio, who was our executive producer on my previous film. He thought "The Ivory Game" was super successful on how we collaborated and how a movie can have such a huge impact, because it changed the law in China and made dealing with ivory illegal.

Two months after the movie came out, they invited us to China to screen the film at the Beijing Film Festival. That was such a big impact, that you can change the government's way of thinking about the world, even a Chinese government on top of that. We were thinking about the next story and Leonardo suggested something on the vaquita because he deeply cared about a small whale that nobody has ever heard about, including myself. He had just met with a Mexican president and was deeply involved in this rescue effort of scientists to save the vaquita.

Derek: While the film is focused on the totoaba and vaquita, you also mention that fishing them can collapse an entire ecosystem. Is that whole area going to be infertile if they continue this trade?

Richard: Absolutely. If the vaquita goes extinct, which we are trying everything in our power to impact, we'll feel we had a little part for not allowing that to happen. But if it happens, it will mean that the cartel is going to completely take over the area. The attention, the focus, the spotlight that it has right now is because of the vaquita; it is such a symbolic animal and it's been highly exposed. If the vaquita goes extinct, the NGOs will be removed from the area. They will move onto a new war somewhere, maybe in Peru or South Africa.

Then what will happen is the cartel is going to 100% take over the Sea of Cortez. All the fishermen are going to be pressured to go out for the totoaba. You've seen how they do it. They dropped thousands of gill nets, walls of death that kill everything just to get to that final totoaba. They will kill everything and it's all tossed away. All the sharks, the turtles, everything will disappear just because they're going for that totoaba.

None


Derek: An ecosystem might collapse half a world away because of a fish bladder that supposedly cures arthritis, with no scientific proof whatsoever. Did you do any research on TCM for the film?

Richard: Yes, of course. We even filmed in China for a month. The reason we didn't include that in the film was because we realized that there was no demand; it is already illegal to trade totoaba there. Every scientist we talked to said it's not proven Western science. They couldn't find any proof that it has any power at all. But then we realized that it would take a whole generation or a campaign to change the minds of the Chinese. The vaquita maybe has 12 months to live.

It will never be solved in China. There is nothing we can do in China that will stop this trade in time. In other cases, like with the elephants, it was 10 years to extinction. We had the time to go there. But in this case, it just didn't make any sense. There was a whole half-hour worth of dramatic events in China, but we took it all out because we wanted people to focus on where the solution is, which is in Mexico.

Derek: Speaking of dramatic events, I love how you focus both on the media aspect of the trade and the race against the cartel. There were some failures too; I'm glad you highlighted them. How did your crew emotionally deal with making this film?

Richard: It was like a roller coaster ride. The dramatic scenes that happened with the vaquita were unthinkable. I was very close with the scientists, with Cynthia Smith; we became friends and she really trusted us. By the end they gave us full access. Living through that traumatic scenes as the moments unfold was just beyond belief. It was really tough for us to be there. I tried to be as invisible as possible and stay out of their way.

At the same time, this film became more and more dangerous every week that we were on location. It was a big responsibility to keep the team safe and to keep going and pushing. Our production company provided a full security budget for us. We had very professional bodyguards that know what they're doing, people that we can trust who are not bought by the cartel or corrupt police. It was like a big military operation to get this film made without anybody getting shot or kidnapped.

Derek: There was the scene when you were at the beach and the fisherman had taken over the Navy vessel. It reminded me a little bit of "Restrepo," from the camera crew perspective: You're in the middle of a war, you're getting rocks thrown at you, and you're getting shot at. Even though you had bodyguards, there was a lot of personal danger.

Richard: It was the most dangerous moment of the entire production. It was also the worst case scenario. In all the planning that went into the film, we always said this is what we need to avoid—a flash mob of people trying to come at us from all sides. We were just trying to get out of it alive and keep everyone safe, but at the same time it was also the challenge of actually capturing that moment and everything that came with it and not stop shooting. Even though I was running for my life, I kept the camera rolling on my shoulder and made sure that that red light was on. If you stop shooting, then you may also lose that one opportunity to really get the audience to understand what these people are going through.

None


Derek: You might not have been worried about framing, but when you see a rock fly by three feet from your feet, you know exactly what's happening.

Richard: Of course. We were hiding behind cars and everything, so I knew what was happening. There was fear, but there was also control in the way of staying focused. What scared me the most was when shots started to appear. We were hearing gunfire, and I didn't know who was shooting at who because we weren't able to see. Did the cartel open fire on us? Is it the Navy shooting at them or in the air? I heard bullets ricocheting off walls around us; that meant that they are firing not in the air but actually at us.

There's stuff that is not in the film, when we got threatened by the cartel right after because they had exposed our identities. They had photographed us, then they followed us home. Then we got direct threats from Oscar Parra. Actually, he requested a meeting with me the following night and said I had to come alone. And I was like, "No, I don't think so."

Derek: I wouldn't have taken that meeting either. There's also a moment where the drone gets shot down. I've known about Sea Shepherd for a long time; they do amazing work. When you see the crew members, they look like a bunch of young kids, but they have to be pretty tough to do that job.

Richard: They are amazing. The average age on ship was 22 and that was just insane, but they're all fired up. They're all activists and wanted to sign up for this battle of the Sea of Cortez. They're very inspiring people. It was always great to be on the ship. I really admire them.

Derek: One of the stories in the film involves the Mexican Navy and how they go from giving you platitudes, then later you're riding along with the Navy. Was it the media pressure that made them change?

Richard: It was actually Carlos Loret de Mola who kept pressuring them: "Show me how you're fighting this war, how you want to win." We were lucky because we were following Carlos; we were sort of his team so they didn't question who we are. We had access to all the operations. But as you see, you think there's something off here: There's all this presence but somehow they're always in the wrong place at the wrong time. They even release the prisoners in the end.

It was after the riots that I confronted the Vice Admiral and asked him, "What the hell is going on? How can you not get on top of that situation?" That's when he told me to stop filming. Then he told me, "Richard, they know where my daughter goes to school, they know where we live, they know the name of my wife, and they will first come for my daughter and kidnap her. Then they will kill her, my wife, and then they will come from me. That's why I'm not getting in their way."

Derek: Do you have any updates since the film has been completed?

Richard: Yes, we're constantly in touch with everybody. Earth League International has put together a new mission to go back in and monitor the situation. Because the totoaba season is just beginning, the cartel is moving in. They have sent out Mexican and Chinese investigators to monitor the trafficking. The good news is that they're dispatching an additional 600 troops to the area and they have committed 14 warships to protect the vaquita refuge.

The president visited the region and started talking about the vaquitas, that they need to save them and offer solutions for all the fishermen. So we are upbeat. Also, six vaquitas have been spotted in early October; some of them are babies, which is fantastic news. It shows us that they're still there and it's not too late.

--

Stay in touch with Derek on Twitter and Facebook.


          

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Hippo Cyber Institute Premium CEH V10 Training program 
  • Officially EC-Council Accredited training Centre
  • Certified EC-Council Trainer with 8+ year of industrial training experience in more than 8 countries and delivered training to people from America, Canada, Brazil, UK, Netherlands, Belgium, Angola, Nigeria, Ghana, South Africa, Cameroon, Egypt, Syria, Australia, Hongkong, Mongolia, Philippines, Indian, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, Argentine, Qatar, Tanzania, Lesotho, Seychelles, Afghanistan, Burundi, Sweden, Pakistan, Russia
  • Official EC-Council courseware material includes Book, Tools, & Exam Voucher
  • Official EC-Council Test Centre
  • Intense hands on training and demonstration
  • One free repeat training if not you are not ready for the exam
  • Exam tips, practice questions, and in-depth explanations
  • Post-training support
  • Exam Registration support
  • Exam cost of all the training are included
  • Refreshments
About the Program

Our security experts have designed over 140 labs which mimic real time scenarios in the course to help you “live” through an attack as if it were real and provide you with access to over 2200 commonly used hacking tools to immerse you into the hacker world.
As “a picture tells a thousand words”, our developers have all this and more for you in over 1685 graphically rich, specially designed slides to help you grasp complex security concepts in depth which will be presented to you in a 5 day hands on class by our Certified EC-Council Instructor.
The goal of this course is to help you master an ethical hacking methodology that can be used in a penetration testing or ethical hacking situation. You walk out the door with ethical hacking skills that are highly in demand, as well as the internationally recognized Certified Ethical Hacker certification! This course prepares you for EC-Council Certified Ethical Hacker exam 312-50.

The Purpose of the CEH credential is to:
  • Establish and govern minimum standards for credentialing professional information security specialists in ethical hacking measures.
  • Inform the public that credentialed individuals meet or exceed the minimum standards.
  • Reinforce ethical hacking as a unique and self-regulating profession.
What is New in CEH Version 10 Course
  • Module 01: Introduction to Ethical Hacking
  • Module 02: Footprinting and Reconnaissance
  • Module 03: Scanning Networks
  • Module 04: Enumeration
  • Module 05: Vulnerability Analysis
  • Module 06: System Hacking
  • Module 07: Malware Threats
  • Module 08: Sniffing
  • Module 09: Social Engineering
  • Module 10: Denial-of-Service
  • Module 11: Session Hijacking
  • Module 12: Evading IDS, Firewalls, and Honeypots
  • Module 13: Hacking Web Servers
  • Module 14: Hacking Web Applications
  • Module 15: SQL Injection
  • Module 16: Hacking Wireless Networks
  • Module 17: Hacking Mobile Platforms
  • Module 18: IoT Hacking
  • Module 19: Cloud Computing
  • Module 20: Cryptography
About the Exam
  • Number of Questions: 125
  • Test Duration: 4 Hours
  • Test Format: Multiple Choice
  • Test Delivery: ECC EXAM, VUE
  • Exam Prefix: 312-50 (ECC EXAM), 312-50 (VUE)

Cost: 5000 AED

Duration: 40 Hours


          

55 gm Brochantite on Calcite, Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Namibia. by Nharo

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250.00 USD

55 gm Brochantite on Calcite, Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Namibia.

Dimensions
Length : 2.15 inches / 5.6 cms
Width : 1.20 inches / 3.0 cms
Depth : 0.80 inches / 2.4 cms

This rare piece of Brochantite on Calcite from the Tsumeb mine, Namibia, is from the late Colin Corser / Exotic Stone collection, Johannesburg, South Africa. Nharo was able to buy this extensive collection in late 2018. Colin was a regular in Tucson and had built up minerals from years of geological passion procuring hard to get African specimens.

Brochantite is a sulfate mineral, one of a number of cupric sulfates and formed in arid climates or in rapidly oxidizing copper sulfide deposits.

Crystals of brochantite can range from emerald green to black-green to blue-green, and can be acicular or prismatic. Brochantite is often associated with minerals such as malachite, azurite, and chrysocolla, and may form pseudomorphs with these minerals.

Brochantite is a common corrosion product on bronze sculptures located in urban areas, where atmospheric sulfur dioxide (a common pollutant) is present. Brochantitie forms mainly in exposed areas where weathering prevents accumulation copper ions and enhancement in the acidity of water films.


          

Springboks prop Mtawarira retires after Rugby World Cup win

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Tendai Mtawarira, the South Africa prop affectionately known as "Beast," retired from international rugby on Wednesday, four days after winning the World Cup. The 34-year-old Mtawarira leaves as…
          

Video: Grasping the Opportunity in Japan & South Africa - YT Mob World Tour Episode 6

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Video: Grasping the Opportunity in Japan &amp; South Africa - YT Mob World Tour Episode 6

Young racers from Japan and South Africa take on the challenge of impressing Martin Whiteley and Angel Suarez in the search for new DH talent.
( Photos: 6, Comments: 8 )
          

[PAST TOP PICK] Ivanhoe Mines (IVN-T)

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(A Top Pick Nov 06/18, Up 39%) He's picked this many times. They have a high-quality platinum palladium deposit in South Africa and the highest-grade zinc in the Congo; and likely the best copper discovery. Yes, there's a lot of political risk in the Congo and South Africa, so that's a warning.
          

South Africa Cricket In "Pretty Bad State", Says Mark Boucher

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Under the captaincy of Faf du Plessis, South Africa were whitewashed in the three-Test series and faced the wrath of many in the cricket fraternity.
          

Nigeria Rugby Sevens names squad, arrive South Africa for Olympic Qualifiers

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(MENAFN - African Press Organization) Coach Bronson Weir today announced the Nigeria Rugby Men’s Sevens squad that will be on duty at the 2019 Rugby Africa Men’s Seven...
          

Free daily horoscope, celeb gossip and lucky numbers for 7 November, 2019 – The South African

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Free daily horoscope, celeb gossip and lucky numbers for 7 November, 2019 The South African …read more Source:: Celebrity Gossip News from Google News

The post Free daily horoscope, celeb gossip and lucky numbers for 7 November, 2019 – The South African appeared first on Zennie62 Blog.


          

The Wind of Change (Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series)

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Harold Macmillan's 'Wind of Change' speech, delivered to the South African parliament in Cape Town at the end of a landmark six-week African tour, presaged the end of the British Empire in Africa. This book, the first to focus on Macmillan's 'Wind of Change', comprises a series of essays by leading historians in the field. Contributors reconsider the significance of the speech within the politics of different overseas and British constituencies, including in the wider British World. Some contributors engage directly with the speech itself - its metropolitan political context, production, delivery and reception. Others consider related themes in the historiography of the end of empire. Together they challenge established orthodoxies and offer fresh perspectives that require us to revisit our understanding of the place of the speech, and the policies to which it referred, in the wider history of British decolonization. Read more...

          

James Dean Gets Resurrected With CGI For 2020 Film But Not Everyone Is Stoked

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Image via In-house publicity still / Wikimedia Commons

The late iconic actor James Dean will star in a new film in 2020 through the magic of CGI. Dean’s portrayal as a troubled teenager in 1955’s Rebel Without a Cause had represented a whole generation of youngsters. However, the actor met his untimely demise at the age of 24 in a car crash.

But the film that propelled him to become a pop culture icon premiered three weeks after his passing, resulting in a staggering amount of ticket sales for that time. His legacy has since lived on and influenced following generations of actors.

Now, Dean will appear on the big screen once again, 65 years after his death. He has been posthumously casted in a Vietnam War-era film adapted by Maria Sova from Gareth Crocker’s novel in the same title, Finding Jack.

The film, directed by Anton Ernst and Tati Golykh, is based on a time where more than 10,000 military dogs were left abandoned after the end of the Vietnam War.

The directors’ latest production house, Magic City Films, attained the rights from Dean’s family to use his image to cast him for a secondary lead role named Rogan.

Director Ernst claims that Dean’s family views Finding Jack as the actor’s fourth film and promises that his legacy will be “kept firmly intact,” and that the producers “do not intend to let his fans down.”

Canadian VFX banner Imagine Engine will work with South African VFX company MOI Worldwide to bring “a realistic version of James Dean” onscreen. The Hollywood Reporter revealed that Dean will be constructed in a “full body” CGI, which will use actual footage and photos of the actor. However, he will be voiced by another actor.

The preproduction of Finding Jack will kickstart on 17 November 2019, and the film is set to release worldwide on Veterans Day 2020.

Some might find this news exciting, but not everyone is on board. When the news broke out on Twitter, Captain America actor Chris Evans posted his disappointment on the platform.

Evans sarcastically wrote, “I’m sure he’d be thrilled,” before revealing his true feelings about the move: “This is awful.”

“Maybe we can get a computer to paint us a new Picasso. Or write a couple new John Lennon tunes,” he added. “The complete lack of understanding here is shameful.”

Devon Sawa, who had auditioned for another role for the same film echoed the sentiment by tweeting, “They couldn't give this role to an actual human?”

Lord of the Rings star Elijah Wood wasn’t pleased with the digitally-constructed James Dean on screen as well, as he tweeted, “Nope. This shouldn’t be a thing.”

Many Twitter users also frowned upon the news of Dean’s casting. “Just leave James alone!” one user wrote. Another remarked, “Art is too personal to create posthumous works that the living version may never have wanted to bring to the public.”

I’m sure he’d be thrilled 🙄

This is awful.

Maybe we can get a computer to paint us a new Picasso. Or write a couple new John Lennon tunes.

The complete lack of understanding here is shameful. https://t.co/hkwXyTR4pu

— Chris Evans (@ChrisEvans) November 6, 2019


NOPE. this shouldn’t be a thing. https://t.co/RH7jWY5cAG

— Elijah Wood (@elijahwood) November 6, 2019


They couldn’t give this role to an actual human? #SJW https://t.co/yZxMS5ocrs

— devon sawa (@DevonESawa) November 6, 2019


Fun fact: James Dean won't be starring in this film because he's dead, someone will just be playing him with a CGI'd skin, and also there are cheaper ways to get to the uncanny valley if you really want to go therehttps://t.co/ofka6b0xvs

— John Scalzi (@scalzi) November 6, 2019


Ugh! I Can’t!! No! No! No!
Just Because They ‘Can’ Doesn’t Mean They ‘Should!’
If this is the future of entertainment I’m looking for Time Travel to get me outta here!!! :( #SorryJames #JamesDean https://t.co/5jpzNt7zAq pic.twitter.com/vyswiBdpRz

— Brad Everett Young (@BradEYoung) November 7, 2019


When the "only person" who can play the part you've written has been dead for nearly 70 years, I'd suggest you find a new casting director before reanimating the corpse of James Dean. pic.twitter.com/RTqJ2TPvSo

— 𝗔𝗶𝗱𝗮𝗻 𝗢’𝗕𝗿𝗶𝗲𝗻 (@artimusfoul) November 6, 2019


"We couldn't find a non-dead actor for the role of a white guy in a Vietnam war movie" is truly an amazing take https://t.co/oOoN1BDkA6

— andi zeisler (@andizeisler) November 6, 2019


Just leave James alone!!!!! pic.twitter.com/Rge1VX55C8

— Swizzlestick (@Swizzlestick8) November 7, 2019


1. We should not steal people's faces and force them to dance for us against their will.

2. The problem w/ movies is not that actors have TOO MUCH input. Imagine a movie made entirely by producers: that's the future we're making.

— M.C. Myers (@filmobjective) November 7, 2019


Art is too personal to create posthumous works that the living version may never have wanted to bring to the public.

— Jordan Harland (@JodeHarland) November 6, 2019




[via Harper’s Bazaar, images via In-house publicity still / Wikimedia Commons]
          

The rugby evening headlines as South Africa World Cup winner retires, Saracens fall-out continues and Wayne Pivac gears up for Wales debut

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Here are the latest rugby headlines as one member of South Africa's World Cup-winning side confirms his international retirement
          

The wonderful scenes as Rugby World Cup winners South Africa receive hero's welcome as they return home

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The joyous greeting marks the start of a five-day victory tour
          

South Africa receive hero's welcome after returning home with World Cup trophy

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South Africa receive hero's welcome after returning home with World Cup trophy
          

The rugby morning headlines as bombshell news sparks war of words between English clubs and South Africa return home to hero's welcome

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It's set to be another busy day in rugby and these are your headlines
          

Storm

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NEW IN TOWN! Indulge in an unrushed; passionate experience of pleasures. Upmarket, sexy seductress to satisfy all your needs. Private venue with secure off street parking. No private numbers will be entertained.

The post Storm appeared first on Escorts South Africa, Escort, Sextrader, Massage, Agencies.


          

Morgan

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Love everything that’s fun loving and more

The post Morgan appeared first on Escorts South Africa, Escort, Sextrader, Massage, Agencies.


          

Bella

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Landline: 021 424 5191 Whatsapp: 063 538 6395 Website: www.singastudios.com Email: appointment@singastudios.com

The post Bella appeared first on Escorts South Africa, Escort, Sextrader, Massage, Agencies.


          

A perfect MeerKAT moment as the sun breaks through above the telescope

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This remarkable image captures the moment the sun shone on MeerKAT, the South Africa-based test bed for the Square Kilometre Array, the world’s most powerful telescope
          

Offer - We are hiring! English teaching position available in our primary school in Hanoi, Vietnam. - Vienna

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1. Location:Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is famous for its hundred-year-old architecture and rich culture with the influence of Southeast Asia, China and France. The city center is the bustling old quarter, where narrow streets are named "goods". There are many small temples, including Bach Ma, honoring a legendary horse, along with Dong Xuan market, selling household goods and street food. 2. Job details: • Salary : $20-$23/ hour• Class size: 40-45• Student age : 6-10 years old• Full assistant to find accommodation and get adapted to the new working environment • Friendly and professional colleagues ( Native English teachers and local teachers ) • TIME: Daytime from Monday to Friday• Working time: 15h/week, Monday to Friday, 7:30 to 16:30 (ensure enough time for teachers to teach)3. REQUIREMENTS:- full time- Willing to sign at least 9- month commitment.- Teaching Certificate (CELTA, TESOL, TEFL or equivalent)- Bachelor degree.- Police check- Health check-Free visa, work permit- Native English speakers from the US, the UK, New Zealand, South Africa, Australia, Canada and Ireland4. How to apply:Please kindly send us your documents to email: melodyyhrteaching@gmail.com if you are interested.Including: Your resume, your passport, your photo of degree and your headshot
          

King’s killer tries to escape, Greek kidnapper strikes for a second time, and ship vanishes in mysterious circumstances: headlines from 40 years ago

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A Greek teenage girl being abducted twice by the same lovesick admirer, the convicted killer of Martin Luther King Jr trying to escape jail and the mysterious disappearance of a merchant ship made the headlines 40 years ago this week.November 4, 1979● Mystery surrounded the disappearance in mid-Atlantic of a huge merchant ship loaded with 190,000 tonnes of Brazilian iron ore on its way to Japan. The South African Air Force mounted a search for the Norwegian-owned 228,000-tonne Berge Vanga and…
          

Bloodhound land speed record car tops 500mph

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British record contender joins top 10 list of fastest cars in history, with aim of beating the 763mph record

The Bloodhound Land Speed Record rocket car has passed the 500mph mark as it continues to gather pace in the Kalahari desert in South Africa.

Pilot Andy Green logged a speed this week of 501mph on the 12.4-mile Hakskeen Pan track near the Namibian border. But the run was not without drama.

During the engine shutdown procedure, a fire warning alert sounded in the cockpit. Green called “Fire, fire, fire over the radio and quickly evacuated the cockpit. Rescue trucks attended the scene, but it turned out to be a false alarm.

The alert was triggered by a fire wire that's designed to burn and break at 160 deg C. The afternoon temperature of 36 deg C, combined with heat soak from the Eurofighter Typhoon jet engine, was put down as the cause. But the team took positives from the incident, claiming it “validated that both the fire detection system and fire response processes the team has set up work successfully”.

 

The Bloodhound team has also reported minor bodywork damage to the rear deltas, which are aerodynamic panels that cover the rear suspension. Sand and grit kicked up by the car’s airflow hammered a small area of the bodywork, crumpling the titanium skin like tissue paper. The first repair failed to survive a previous run at 491mph, but the new patches held up unscathed in the latest, faster attempt.

The 501mph speed means Bloodhound LSR has entered the record books within the list of the top 10 fastest cars in history. The team is now preparing for the next challenge, to hit 550 mph, within the next few days as the work towards their target of breaking the ultimate record of 763.035mph.

Bloodhound - the testing phase explained:

The long-promised testing runs are taking place on a specially prepared 20km (12.4-mile) track at Hakskeen Pan in the Kalahari Desert, near the Namibian border.

To test the installation of its Rolls-Royce EJ200 gas turbine engine (as used by the Eurofighter Typhoon), the car was late last month successfully given a “dry crank” at its Gloucestershire HQ, which involved having the exhaust output of a smaller jet engine blown into its intake to rotate the moving parts of the main motor.

“It involves turning the engine without activating the ignition,” says engineering director Mark Chapman. “It’s like a last look under the hood.”

In South Africa, the Bloodhound team plans a series of 13 runs to test high-speed aerodynamics and stability, especially during the 400mph-plus transition phase when steering authority delivered by the front wheels’ grip on the track surface changes and the front wheels become rudder-like aero devices.

Engineering director Mark Chapman says high speed is not the biggest issue this time, however.

“The 200mph testing we did at Newquay Airport in October 2017 was all about accelerating the car, about checking that we could generate thrust from standstill," he says. "The car was only at full power for about two seconds.”

“In South Africa this time our EJ200 engine will develop its full 54,000 horsepower for nearly a minute, but the main emphasis will be on stopping. The biggest engineering challenge of all is stopping a car as fast as this without running out of desert.

“We’ll be testing a two-parachute braking system, and of course we have friction brakes that work best below about 200mph. On top of that, we’ll do handling tests and investigate stability changes. And we have to see how well the team can perform under pressure in heat that might hit 40deg C."

Engineering millionaire Ian Warhurst, whose “seven-figure” investment rescued the project from receivership early this year at the last minute, says the project will seek financial and technical backers in earnest once the first South African testing is successful.

“I’m very optimistic about the future,” he says. “We have a great deal of interest from potential backers, once the car has run. It was always clear, given the history of this project, that first of all we needed to show we can make things happen.”

Bloodhound will be driven by former RAF jet pilot and current record holder Wing Commander Andy Green, who, back in 1997, became the only person ever to drive a car at supersonic speed on land when he took his Thrust SSC to a new mark of 763.035mph. The team members believe they can achieve 800mph as a first step. 

The record attempt is scheduled to take place late in 2020, but the team has set no timetable for their other, much tougher objective of achieving 1000mph on land.

“We’ve divided our aims into two separate phases,” says Warhurst, owner and CEO of the project’s supporting company, Grafton LSR. “We’ll concentrate on the record first, and when we’ve achieved that, we’ll use the data and knowledge gained to make a judgement about whether to go for the second phase.”

The test track at Hakskeen Pan been specially prepared on a dry lake bed by 317 members of the local Mier community. Working by hand, they have removed more than 16,500 tonnes of stone in preparation for Bloodhound’s runs. 

Thirteen parallel tracks have been laid out, because the car’s unique aluminium wheels – which don’t have tyres because the rotational speed would throw them off the rims – penetrate the track’s hard surface as they run, and “up to 13” runs are planned for this first trip to South Africa.

The new Bloodhound ownership team is maintaining its role as an attraction to STEM (science, technology, engineering and maths) subjects for school-age students, by making its results and research findings publicly available. “This is the first land speed record attempt of the digital era,” says Warhurst. “Digital platforms can share data in real time from hundreds of sensors on the car, allowing budding engineers to see exactly how the car is behaving as it dices with physics.”

Warhurst is funding the current preparations himself but is depending on the upcoming tests to attract new backers, especially title and livery sponsors. For now, the car is painted all white, but Warhurst believes when it “does something”, interested corporate and technical partners, currently waiting in the wings, will come forward.

The project moved from its old base near Bristol and is now based in new premises in the SGS Berkeley Green University Technical College, in Berkeley, Gloucestershire.

The car’s new livery – a red fin with a white body – is intended to encourage new investors in the project, which for the first time will offer both title and livery sponsorships. Bloodhound’s original yellow and blue livery, from what they’re now calling the R&D phase, will still be used in photographs and videos, the new owners say. 

Bloodhound project's dramatic 2019 rescue detailed

Warhurst established a new company, Grafton LSR Ltd, to run the project. The name is taken from an 1839 painting by Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, which now hangs in the Tate Gallery, of a bloodhound called Grafton.

Warhurst is joined in the new company by familiar faces such as Green and Chapman, along with many others from the original team “to provide continuity”. The team also now includes commercial director and ex-Formula 1 money man Ewen Honeyman, whose job is to find new backers for the project. 

For the time being, Warhurst, who was eight days into his retirement when he heard last December of Bloodhound’s demise by text from his son, will provide “the cashflow to keep the project on track” until extra backers are found. Warhurst recently sold Melett, a turbocharger parts and equipment supplier of which he was the owner and managing director. 

“I have been overwhelmed by the passion and enthusiasm the public has shown for the project,” said Warhurst. “Over the past decade, an incredible amount of hard graft has been invested in this project. It would be a tragedy to see it go to waste. It’s my ambition to let Bloodhound off the leash and see just how fast it can go.”

The former boss of Bloodhound SSC, Richard Noble, will not participate on Bloodhound’s engineering side but will continue to work on its educational aspects.

“It was a hard fight to create the Bloodhound car, the largest STEM programme in the UK, the public engagement programme and the 1000-man-year desert preparation. Our weakness was always finance but now, with Ian Warhurst, the team has the support it needs to drive forward.”

Q&A: Ian Warhurst (July 2019)

Why did you buy Bloodhound?

“I had to. They were on the point of cutting it up and sending it away for scrap. In fact, they put it off so I could come and see the car. I knew I couldn’t leave without doing some kind of deal.”

Did you know immediately that you’d go for the record?

“We had to decide whether to put it in a museum or run it as intended. It took about two months to decide it could be a commercial proposition.”

How’s sponsorship going? Wasn’t that the problem last time?

“So far, we’ve had some good indicators, calls from big corporates talking the right numbers, broadly speaking. The problem for projects like this is cashflow, which is what I’m providing. When you get close to running, you have something to sell to sponsors. We believe this can run on a proper commercial basis.”

Have you been to Hakskeen Pan yet?

“Yes, I was there earlier this month, doing 100mph on it in a Toyota Land Cruiser. If you want to see flat, boy, that’s it. I couldn’t believe we’d need to go eight times as fast to break the [current 763mph] record.”

Read more

Bloodhound SSC saved as investor buys 1000mph project

Bloodhound SSC: inside the factory building a 1000mph car

Land speed records: a history of British obsession


          

MATH MOMS and the ISACA South Africa Chapter

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We would like to thank Mrs Sonja Cilliers, Mrs Bertha Losper and the entire Mathmoms group for the amazing work they do in the community.
          

Le RICFME a participé au 8ème forum modial de l'eau

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Une fois de plus, l'INWTC joue bien entendu un rôle majeur dans la préparation des sessions du Forum. En particulier, fort de son expérience en tant que Champion WWF8 de l'Engagement de mise en œuvre de Daegu-Gyeongbuk (DGIC) pour le thème 4.5 "Renforcement de l'éducation et du renforcement des capacités", il prépare de nombreuses sessions sur les questions de gestion des bassins avec ses partenaires, notamment Rand Water -South Africa, Ministère de l'Energie et de l'Eau - Liban, Consórcio PCJ - (...) - 20. Actualité du Réseau
          

Le RICFME a participé au 8ème forum modial de l'eau

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Une fois de plus, l'INWTC joue bien entendu un rôle majeur dans la préparation des sessions du Forum. En particulier, fort de son expérience en tant que Champion WWF8 de l'Engagement de mise en œuvre de Daegu-Gyeongbuk (DGIC) pour le thème 4.5 "Renforcement de l'éducation et du renforcement des capacités", il prépare de nombreuses sessions sur les questions de gestion des bassins avec ses partenaires, notamment Rand Water -South Africa, Ministère de l'Energie et de l'Eau - Liban, Consórcio PCJ - (...) - accueil
          

“Latter-day Saint Women” Podcast Offers New Ways to Connect with Women Leaders throughout Church History

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In some cases, the stories are well known, but often she comes across stories that haven’t been shared before or perhaps have been lost or forgotten over time. And getting the chance to share such discoveries and insights is one of her favorite things about being a historian. “We all learn differently and think differently,” Holbrook said.  From left to right, Sisters Jayne B. Malan, Ardeth G. Kapp, and Elaine L. Jack of the Young Women General Presidency in 1989. Sister Kapp served as Young Women General President from 1984 to 1992. This presidency oversaw the creation of the Young Women theme and Young Women values, and they updated the Personal Progress program. Sister Jack was Relief Society General President from 1990 to 1997. Photo courtesy of the Church History Library.In addition to the messages themselves, the guests on the podcast, particularly the historians, are able to add valuable historical context to the topics discussed.  Sister Amy Brown Lyman at Social Service Training in Anaconda, Montana, circa 1920. Lyman, bespectacled in the center of the front row, became a trained social worker after formative visits to Hull House in Chicago and was a leader in implementing social service work within the Relief Society. Sister Lyman served on the Relief Society General Board for 36 years, including her time as President. Photo by Montgomery Studio. Photo courtesy of Church History Library.Although as a historian Holbrook understands better than most people just how influential history can be on modern lives, she is also all too aware of the fact that not everyone enjoys sitting down and poring over books and histories the way she does. For its first season, or the first 13 episodes—produced during the first half of 2019—the podcast centered solely around the discourses or content from At the Pulpit.People in the Church today, particularly women, are hungry for “the words and the insights and experiences from women of faith,” Guymon explained, citing some of the feedback they have received from listeners of the podcast. “Whether it was 15 to 20 years ago or even 50 to 100 years ago [that a talk was given], it’s almost like it had been given yesterday or at the most recent general conference,” Guymon said. “They’re just so timely and relevant and there really are profound messages and takeaways that the women of today can draw from the messages.”  Elizabeth Ann Whitney, Emmeline B. Wells, and Eliza R. Snow circa 1876. Whitney, left, and Snow, right, were members of the Nauvoo Relief Society and served together when the General Board of the Relief Society was organized in 1880. Emmeline B. Wells, center, edited the Woman’s Exponent and worked as the General Secretary and then General President of the Relief Society in later years. These three women traveled often to speak to different congregations. Photo by Charles R. Savage. Photo courtesy of the Church History Library.Historically, and to an extent still today, men’s letters and talks have been better recorded because on some level, they have been thought of as more important or authoritative, Holbrook said. But as a historian, that is a notion she hopes to dispel. “We would love to create a podcast that highlights the contributions of women in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, especially in various leadership positions and in various locations around the world,” Back said. Their examples “provide visions of beautiful ways to live your life,” she said, adding that “working on At the Pulpit expanded my vision of women’s roles in the Church and all the different ways that they contribute.”Take, for example, the journals of Sister Leone O. Jacobs. While working to gather discourses by women leaders throughout Church history for the book At the Pulpit, Holbrook came across a talk by Sister Jacobs, who served on the Relief Society general board in the mid-1900s. “Regardless of whether people are able to read At the Pulpit, they can still join in the podcast for any episode and have some takeaways and be able to feel engaged in a meaningful conversation about gospel principles,” Back said.  Sisters Belle S. Spafford, Marianna C. Sharp, and Louise W. Madsen with the Relief Society general board in 1962, with members of the presidency at the head of the table. Left to right: Sisters Madsen, Spafford, and Sharp and the Relief Society general board pose in the six-year-old Relief Society Building. Board members trained Relief Society units throughout the world, oversaw temple clothing production, published the Relief Society Magazine, and created Relief Society curricula. Photo by J. M. Heslop. Photo courtesy of the Church History Library.She added that, through their discourses and histories, women are sharing ways to truly live Christ-centered lives and their examples can be used to motivate and inspire the future generations. Despite living in different times and different situations, women throughout Church history have encountered many of the same difficulties and feelings that contemporary women have, Back said, and understanding that is inspiring.For example, from her time studying women’s history, Holbrook said one thing she has learned is that “there are times when women have had more autonomy than others, and that fluctuates. But a constant has been that leaders and members of the Church have always been ready to be engaged in a good cause.” Young Ladies’ Mutual Improvement Association general board, circa 1905. The first YLMIA general board was organized in 1880 under Elmina S. Taylor. The first board members traveled, coordinated the efforts of local associations, corresponded with local units, conducted training, developed curricula and programs, and spoke at MIA June Conferences starting in 1896. Photo courtesy of Church History Library.That’s part of why the podcast is important, Back added.  Relief Society General Conference in 1962. The first Relief Society general conference as held in 1889. This photograph of the Salt Lake Tabernacle shows a large crowd at one of the sessions of the October 1962 conference, at which Sister Louis W. Madsen spoke. Photo by Ross Welser. Photo courtesy of Church History Library.Women throughout Church history are innovative and dedicated problem-solvers, Holbrook said. And for women in the Church now, it is important to know that “you are part of a long tradition of women looking for space where they could improve something and finding concrete ways to do that.” Another thing Holbrook has learned through her work as a historian is the importance of record keeping for both men and women.Throughout history, many of the solutions and innovations created by women have become a part of the fabric of the Church, Holbrook said.Recognizing, however, that the content of the book is finite, with only so many chapters to pull from, Back explained that their vision for the podcast shifted with the second season. “That is one thing we hope will be much better going forward, is that more members of the Church outside of the United States will keep records of the things they’re doing in Church and keep records of their speeches,” she said. Hopefully the existence of a book like “From the Pulpit” will encourage more people “to keep copies of the talks they give and make notes in their journals or however they want to do it.”Her hope is that both the book and the podcast will help women around the world to see that their words and experiences matter and should be recorded and preserved. “It was so meaningful,” Holbrook said of getting to pore over Sister Jacobs’s journals and learn about the experiences she had as a wife, mother, and leader in a very different part of the world.In order to match that effort and to cover the topics that both readers of the book and listeners of the podcast find meaningful, the podcast has evolved in its second season to focus more on topic discussions. It also brings in the voices of guest historians and current and former women leaders of the Church to initiate conversations about the topics that are important to women in the Church today.“The podcast offers another way for women to get at that content and those histories in a way that is more accessible, especially for women on the go,” Guymon said. “Of all of the media we can consume . . . I think having a podcast where women can be inspired by other women, both their experiences and their teachings, is just a great thing to have.” Eliza R. Snow, circa 1875. Snow as a poet, a world traveler, and a renowned leader of Latter-day Saint women. She effectively linked the Nauvoo Relief Society to the resurgence of the organization in the Utah Territory by preserving the Nauvoo Relief Society Minute Book and traveling throughout settlements to help organize women and encourage them to speak. Photo by Charles Carter. Photo courtesy of Church History Library.Finding fully written discourses by women — particularly from the early years of the Church — that could be included in “At the Pulpit” was difficult, Holbrook noted. Finding discourses by women from outside of the United States or that had been given in an international context was even more difficult. As one of several guest historians and women leaders to have joined the Latter-day Saint Women podcast for various episodes during its first year of production, Holbrook noted her gratitude for the addition of the podcast.Learning from and connecting with women leaders of the past and the present—even if only through the histories, discourses, or records they leave behind—can be a powerful experience for any member, Holbrook explained. Prior to contacting one of Sister Jacobs’s children through the white pages and getting her hands on some of Sister Jacobs’s old journals, Holbrook said she had no idea that the Church had established a mission in Palestine and Syria before World War II. Sister Jacobs’s husband served as president of the missions in Palestine and Syria from 1937 to 1939, at which time the Jacobs were called home following England’s declaration of war on Germany. Back and Guymon explained that one of the remarkable things about the discourses from the book they have discussed on the podcast is the longevity and continued relevance of their messages.A New Way to Connect with Women of the PastTimeless Messages and Lessons Sister Judy Brummer as a missionary in Queenstown, South Africa, circa 1980. A native of South Africa, Brummer, second from the right, was the first Latter-day Saint missionary fluent in the Xhosa language. (Photograph in family possession, photo courtesy of Judy Brummer. Photo courtesy of the Church History Library. So for the people who don’t feel inclined to sit and read, the Church is working to make the histories of women leaders in the Church available through other means. Books have lives apart from their content when people have conversations about them and are willing to interpret and misinterpret them, Holbrook said. “And the podcast is a good place to experience that life beyond the actual contents of At the Pulpit.”In early 2019, the Church launched a new podcast called Latter-day Saint Women. At first, the podcast was meant to simply discuss the 54 discourses by women leaders that are included in At the Pulpit. However, after receiving feedback from listeners who were hoping to gain even more knowledge from and about women leaders in the Church, the podcast has evolved into something even better, explained Karlie Brand Guymon and Shalyn Back, cohosts of the podcast.“It can be something that can connect all of us as women and help us feel like our contributions are valued and that they are making a difference and that we’re not alone,” she said. “Women have been so instrumental in teaching and sharing the gospel, and this has been such an incredible way to highlight that.”As one of the leading historians for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and as managing historian of women’s history at the Church History Department, Kate Holbrook is an expert on the history of women in the Church. Her work allows her to find, and sometimes unearth, stories about women leaders of the Church from throughout the less-than-200-year history of the Restoration.


          

The grim reality of the Springboks' wonderful World Cup victory

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Nearly two and half decades after Nelson Mandela and Francois Pinnear stood shoulder-to-shoulder in triumph, South Africa delivered another poignant sporting moment for the world to ponder.   
          

Springbokke : Legendary Springbok “Beast” retires at the top

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Author: Transvaal
Subject: Legendary Springbok “Beast” retires at the top
Posted: 06-Nov-2019 at 5:30pm

Rugby World Cup-winning Springbok legend Tendai ‘Beast’ Mtawarira has announced his retirement from international rugby.

 

The 34-year-old veteran of 117 Tests confirmed his decision after a monumental performance in his final match, Saturday’s emphatic, 32-12, victory over England in the Rugby World Cup final in Yokohama, Japan.

 

In a trademark scrumming performance from the 115kg front ranker, the Springbok pack forced a succession of penalties from their opponents, many of them conceded by Mtawarira’s direct opponent. It crowned a storied career for the Springboks’ and Cell C Sharks’ ‘gentle giant’.

 

Mtawarira made his senior provincial debut for the Cell C Sharks in 2006 and won his first Springbok cap in 2008, setting records on the way.

 

‘Beast’ became the third most-capped Springbok (behind Victor Matfield and Bryan Habana), the most capped prop, made the most appearances for a South African Vodacom Super Rugby team (159) and won the Rugby World Cup (2019), Tri-Nations (2009), Castle Lager Rugby Championship (2019), a series against the British & Irish Lions (2009) and the Currie Cup (2008, 2010 and 2013).

 

“I’ve been privileged to play this great game and achieve many career goals over the last 12 years of playing senior rugby,” said Mtawarira.

 

“I’ve been blessed to have been part of teams that achieved so much success over the years, and I have many memories to cherish forever, but I can honestly say that winning the Rugby World Cup is the perfect ending and cherry on top.

 

“I am grateful for the opportunities afforded to me by many top coaches at the Springboks and the Sharks, and grateful to my numerous team mates in green and gold, and black and white, over the years.

 

“But most of all, to my wife Kuziva, and our two beautiful children, Talumba and Wangu, for sacrificing so much to allow me to chase my dreams. I really appreciate it immensely.

 

“I would also like to thank my parents, other family and friends for their support over the years – I could not have done this without you.”

 

Mr Mark Alexander, President of SA Rugby, paid tribute to Mtawarira, who made his Springbok debut in the second Test against Wales in Pretoria in 2008, and played his last match in green and gold in Yokohama last Saturday.

 

“’Beast is someone who never complained, always put in the hard work and simply got on with his job in his typically unassuming way,” said Mr Alexander.

 

“When he first got an opportunity at the Sharks, he rode a bicycle to training, which perfectly sums up not only his humbleness, but his desire to make it to the top. He worked very hard to achieve what he has and we’re all very proud of him.

 

“’Beast’, thank you for what you’ve done for South African rugby, to show that Springboks can indeed be gentle giants, and for never putting your own interests above that of the team. We salute you and will miss you in green and gold.”


          

Springbokke : “Thank you Springboks, thank you South Africa”

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Author: Transvaal
Subject: “Thank you Springboks, thank you South Africa”
Posted: 06-Nov-2019 at 12:42pm

Mr Mark Alexander, President of SA Rugby, paid tribute to the Rugby World Cup-winning Springbok squad for their amazing feat in Japan, as well as all of South Africa for supporting the men in green and gold as they reached rugby’s ultimate summit.

 

The Springboks returned home to South Africa on Tuesday and were met by more than 10,000 supporters at OR Tambo International Airport, all of whom were there to get a glimpse of their heroes and the Webb Ellis Cup.

 

Mr Alexander congratulated Rassie Erasmus, director of rugby, Bok captain Siya Kolisi and the rest of the squad and management for winning the Rugby World Cup.

 

“What Rassie, Siya and our team achieved in Japan is truly exceptional,” said Mr Alexander.

 

“To see thousands of South Africans take hands, sing, dance and rejoice at their achievement yesterday, warmed my heart and gave me hope for our wonderfully diverse country.

 

“Thank you Rassie and the Boks, for lifting our spirits in the last two months. We really are stronger, together.”

 

Mr Alexander also thanked the players for their role in the Springboks’ success.

 

“A few years ago, we were languishing low down on the world rankings, but we are number one now – for the first time in 10 years – and walked away with an armful of accolades at the recent World Rugby Awards.

 

“To Siya, Handré and your team-mates, thank you.

 

“Our two electric try-scorers in the final, Cheslin and Makazole; our World Rugby Player of the Year, Pieter-Steph; Man of the Match in the final, Duane; all other squad members; Jesse and Trevor, who had to return home from Japan; their replacements in Damian and Thomas; and the others who were part of the wider squad but didn’t make the final selection to Japan – all of you played a massive role.

 

“And the Boks’ hard-working team management also deserve praise. Most of them operate far away from the public eye, but they poured every ounce of energy into this campaign and helped to make it a success.”

 

Mr Alexander said there was much to look forward to in the next few years in South African rugby, with the game at a positive point in its history, but that hard work awaits to ensure we remain consistent.

 

“It’s exciting times for rugby in our country – in two years’ time we welcome the British & Irish Lions to South Africa in what will be a typically tough and uncompromising series, and in 2022 we’re hosting the Rugby World Cup Sevens in Cape Town,” he said.

 

“Next year, our Blitzboks will aim to emulate the Springboks achievement in Tokyo at the Olympic Games and in 2021 the Springbok Women will play in the Rugby World Cup; the SA Schools and Junior Bok teams are creating a pathway to the top for our elite young players; we have an exciting new Vodacom Super Rugby format to look forward to from next year; our teams are starting to find their feet in the Guinness PRO14; and the Currie Cup was as brilliant as ever this year.

 

“Thank you to our franchises and unions for buying into a bigger plan and the important role they also played in the Boks’ success. The same applies to our staff at SARU House in Cape Town, for putting in many hours of dedicated hard work.”

 

Mr Alexander added that on-field success would not be possible without the backing from millions of South Africans off the field.

 

“We really have wonderful supporters, who flock to rugby fields at schools, clubs and big stadiums across the country for most weekends of the year, who supported the Boks from pubs, shebeens, taverns, fan parks and living rooms, who came out to the airport yesterday and who will line the streets during our trophy tour in the coming days – a massive thanks to all of you, as you make all the effort worth our while,” he said.

 

“None of this would have been possible without the support of our family of sponsors, many of whom put their trust in us when times were tough and friends were few. Thank you for believing in SA Rugby and your amazing backing.

 

“Also to our media corps, who help spread the message of rugby to our fellow countrymen and women, your work has not gone by unnoticed.

 

“And lastly, but certainly not least – to our President, Mr Cyril Ramaphosa, our Minister of Sport, Arts and Culture, Mr Nathi Mthethwa, and government, thank you for your unwavering support, not only in the last two months in Japan, but especially in the last few years. We are truly grateful.”


          

Rugby World Cup : SA Rugby considering bid for 2027 World Cup

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Author: Transvaal
Subject: SA Rugby considering bid for 2027 World Cup
Posted: 06-Nov-2019 at 12:18pm

https://www.sport24.co.za/Rugby/RugbyWorldCup2019/sa-rugby-considering-bid-for-2027-world-cup-20191106

SA Rugby president Mark Alexander on Tuesday hinted that South Africa would consider bidding to host the 2027 Rugby World Cup.

Alexander was speaking at OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg on Tuesday after the Springboks arrived back in the country following their World Cup triumph in Japan last Saturday.

"We are considering 2027, but we've just won 2022 (Sevens World Cup) so we first want to conclude the Sevens World Cup that we have won," said Alexander.

World Rugby last week confirmed that Cape Town would host the Rugby World Cup Sevens in 2022. The three-day event will be held at the 55 000-capacity Cape Town Stadium in September of that year.

South Africa put in a strong bid to host the 2023 Rugby World Cup, but were surprisingly pipped at the last hurdle by France.

On Tuesday, Alexander did not rule out the possibility of bringing the World Cup back to South Africa.

"There is a lot of planning so we have to make sure that we have enough money to host 2027," he said.

The United States are also expected to bid for hosting rights of the 2027 tournament with World Rugby eager to break into the largely untapped American market.

South Africa last hosted the Rugby World Cup in 1995 when the Springboks famously won the event at their first attempt.


Edited by Transvaal - Yesterday at 12:19pm

          

general foremanBuilder Foreman Bricklayer General Worker construction

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Stock Market Investment Projects - Johannesburg, Gauteng - My client a reputable contractor is looking for an all rounder General Foreman... (Advantage) Must be a South African Citizen/zimbabwean We are looking for a General Builder...
          

Ford SA, local government plan to create 7 000 jobs with new partnership to bolster economy

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Ford South Africa partnered with National, Provincial and Local Government to launch the Tshwane Automotive Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Pretoria by South African President, Cyril Ramaphosa.
          

Job Opportunity - Instructors  for International Mobile Education Team and Civil-Military Relations course (IMET) activities

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Strategic Opportunities International or SOI  is looking for Instructors/Facilitators to assist in an upcoming proposal. SOI's focus is on Sub Sahara Africa. Please submit resumes/CV to below listed email and/or website. Interested personnel will be required to sign a non-binding letter of Intent. Resumes/CVs need to list security clearance held (if any), foreign languages spoken and degree of fluency as well as educational level.

A series of  one to two-week long mobile events from the following course offerings, tailored to individual country requirements and developing needs over time to include:  Civil-Military Relations, Civil-Military Relations for Junior Military Leaders, Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration, Security Forces and the Electoral Process, Local Focus Program on Civil-Military Relations, National Security Planning Global Commons Security, Intelligence and Policymakers, Intelligence Fusion Centers, Women Integration in the Armed Forces, Cyber Security Policy and Practice, International Defense Transformation, Threat Assessment, Integrated Education And Outreach Programs, Managing Ethnic Conflict and Religious-Based Violence, and other courses. These tailored course series offerings are conducted to all levels of partner nation military officers and civilian leaders and are held abroad as necessary. These events occur in a wide variety of countries including, but not limited to: Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Mozambique, South Africa, Tunisia, Uganda. Please specify country/countries as well as topics of interest

 Submit Resume/CV to:

 paubrey@strategicopportunities.net

  - or - 

Submit resume/CV via portal on company website:  www.strategicopportunities.net



          

An Overseers Challenge Slate—and More on Fossil-Fuel Divestment

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Young alumni and others advance an agenda of governance change and divestment from fossil-fuel investments.

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Harvard Board of Overseers Challenge Slate
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As climate change generates news daily—Donald Trump formally initiates U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Agreement; 11,000-plus scientists declare a “climate emergency”former Environmental Protection Agency administrator Gina McCarthy, now professor of the practice of public health, becomes president of a leading nonprofit to defend against efforts to undermine environmental science—Harvard’s focus on the issues broadened and intensified this week, too:

  • On Sunday, Harvard Forward, organized by young alumni, unveiled a slate of petition candidates for election to the Board of Overseers, pursuing a dual agenda of promoting Harvard governance reform and divesting fossil-fuel investments from the University endowment.
  • On Tuesday, Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) advocates of divestment held the second long discussion of the issue this semester (the October session is covered here). Although decisions on investment policy rest with the Harvard Corporation, not with the faculties, the advocates made the case for divestment on moral, historical, and financial grounds. In turn, they elicited previously unexpressed opposing arguments by colleagues who focused on the faculty’s research and teaching mission, and raised concerns about unintended, adverse political consequences from an elite institution’s decision to divest. Read a full account of the latest debate, including participants’ statements and President Lawrence Bacow’s reaction.
  • Alumni advocates of divestment reiterated their case in a detailed letter to Bacow and William F. Lee, the Corporation’s senior fellow, and hired alumni who had been involved in divestment as undergraduates to help organize support for the measure among the wider alumni community.
  • And student advocates weighed in, too.

These developments all suggest continuing, intense community focus on climate change—and on the steps the University might pursue to deploy its resources (intellectual and pedagogical, as well as financial) to address it.

An Overseers Slate

Harvard Forward announced itself on November 3 with a letter to alumni from the candidates who will petition for signatures to seek election to the Board of Overseers next spring. Citing the 1980s controversies over divesting investments in companies operating in South Africa (during which petition candidates also campaigned for election), they wrote, “Today, a coalition of alumni, students, and faculty called Harvard Forward is doing the same—this time to establish Harvard as a moral and academic leader in the fight against climate change.”

“Harvard students, led by Divest Harvard, have called on the University for years to divest its endowment from fossil fuels,” their letter read. “And yet, at a time when bold action and leadership are required, Harvard is falling behind….Our forward-looking platform calls for divesting from fossil fuels, bolstering our responsible investment practices, and increasing support for climate-related research and education initiatives.”), Harvard Forward also presents itself as a broader, dual-purpose effort. Its home page puts the message succinctly: “Harvard is falling behind in its response to the climate crisis because our governance is not representative of our alumni and student bodies. We’re changing that.”

And indeed the platform is, so far, much more evolved on the latter priority—advocating changes in governance—than on divestment. The “Climate Justice & Responsible Investing” plank is labeled “coming soon,” but “Inclusive Governance & Student Voices” provides a detailed argument for:

  • reserving six seats on the 30-member elected Board of Overseers for recent alumni (three who have graduated from the College within the past four academic cycles, and three who have graduated from the graduate schools within the past four academic cycles—or are in good academic standing and on track to graduate at the May Commencement);
  • involving the Undergraduate Council (UC) and the Harvard Graduate Council (HGC) with the Harvard Alumni Association in selecting diverse candidates for those seats; and
  • limiting voting for those recent alumni candidates to eligible members of the community who are themselves graduates within the past four academic cycles.

Moreover, the platform calls for annual Board of Overseers town halls to engage directly with students in Cambridge, Allston, and the Longwood Medical Area; and for the Overseers to invite the UC and HGC presidents to present their views on current campus affairs before the board each semester.

Harvard Forward’s platform reflects work done by The Boarding School, a nonprofit that aims  “to recruit and train young people to serve on boards of organizations that affect their lives.” The organization’s president, Nathán Goldberg ’18, and campaign manager, Danielle Strasburger ’18, are, respectively, the strategist/policy adviser and campaign manager for Harvard Forward: the Boarding School’s first project.

During a conversation this week, Strasburger (a social-studies concentrator with a secondary in human evolutionary biology, and an alumna of Winthrop House, where she chaired the House committee) and Goldberg (who captained the soccer team, served on a University-wide Title IX review committee, and earned the first joint degree in philosophy and statistics) talked about applying campaign strategies, social media, and digital and data technologies to youth engagement generally. The impetus, Strasburger said, was a sense among their College classmates that for all their involvement in undergraduate life, their impact on the institution as students was limited. Though neither was involved in the highly visible student movement for divestment, both were impressed by the energy and enthusiasm their peers were bringing to climate-change advocacy. As recent alumni, they felt a new kind of frustration about engaging with Harvard. Across the spectrum of their Harvard lives, she said, the issue of “unrepresentative governance” in the face of student and young-alumni concerns arose.

Goldberg said that UC presidents told them the council had been considering whether there could be student representatives on the Overseers—an option precluded by the terms of the University’s charter. But recent alumni, he felt, were in touch with student life still. The recent advent of online voting for the Board opens a “huge amount of space” to boost turnout (which is often in the teens as a percentage of those eligible to cast ballots).

The governance platform, Goldberg said, reflects research on the boards of peer institutions (MIT and Princeton, for example) that have student or young-alumni representation, as well as discussion among Harvard Forward campaigners on what steps to pursue. Although that governance theme has now been married to advocacy of divestment, he said that he, Strasburger, and others involved in conceiving the program were not steeped in that cause. So the climate platform is being refined in cooperation with those who have worked on the issue—and who have increasingly come to feel that the University’s governance structure is not responsive to their agenda. Goldberg said Harvard Forward was gathering input from stakeholders, and would detail its climate platform once that process concludes.

Harvard Forward’s candidate slate is meant to “look like the Harvard of today,” Goldberg said, with members diverse across “multiple axes,” including ethnicity, Harvard affiliation, geography, age, class years, background, interests (including climate and civil-rights advocacy), and socioeconomic status. The petitioners are:

  • John Beatty ’11, who was an early divestment advocate and now works at Amazon;
  • Lisa Bi Huang, M.P.A. ’19, an entrepreneur and former management consultant;
  • Margaret Purce ’17, a professional soccer player
  • Thea Sebastian ’08, J.D. ’16, a lawyer at Civil Rights Corps; and
  • Jayson Toweh, S.M. ’19, an environmental scientist at the Environmental Protection Agency 

The governance-reform platform has been endorsed by the UC and the HGC, and in an indication of Harvard Forward’s programmatic and tactical dexterity, climate-change and divestment organizer Bill McKibben ’82 wrote a supportive op-ed published in The Boston Globe.

While Strasburger says she is living on savings and the kindness of supporters, couch-surfing as she travels, the geographic breadth of the candidate slate, and their own business travels, mean that Harvard Forward has been able to reinforce its online outreach with alumni meet-ups and events scheduled in Seattle, Portland, San Francisco, Palo Alto, Los Angeles, Washington, D.C., Atlanta, Orlando, New York, Cambridge, at The Game in New Haven, Boston, Austin, and Mexico City—just in November, and with dates popping up in early December. That should facilitate gathering signatures for the candidates’ nomination petitions, and rally the faithful. If funds flow, too, job listings are posted for a digital and field director, and a social and communications director, both reporting to Strasburger.

In 2016, a slate of petition candidates for the Board of Overseers, calling their program “Free Harvard/Fair Harvard,”campaigned largely in opposition to affirmative action in admissions. Their campaign prompted organized opposition by alumni who supported the University’s holistic admissions policies, and the petitioners were defeated.

Harvard Forward is employing new tools and techniques in what feels like a different era. It may appeal to young alumni with its governance platform (and the University might well favor their greater engagement, even if not by the means being advocated here. There is an organized constituency in favor of divestment, with which a larger group of potential voters concerned about climate change might sympathize—and opponents of divestment do not seem similarly organized, at least to date. And although the Corporation’s Senior Fellow now grants annual news briefings on the governing board’s work (a result of the 2010 governance reforms), some peer institutions disclose more about their respective boards’ concerns and activities—so transparency may resonate as an issue with some Harvard alumni voters, too.

The University leadership has made it clear, as recently as this week, that it cares a great deal about climate change, but will not divest endowment investments in fossil-fuel production. Electing a slate of pro-divestment Overseers would not make a practical difference, in the near term: they do not vote on the endowment, for example—a power that rests with members of the Corporation (who are not elected). This a point of difference from the elected boards of trustees at institutions like MIT and Princeton, and often a point of frustration for those who do become Overseers.

That said, this promises to be an interesting, sustained election for the Board of Overseers. Stay tuned.

Alumni Advocates for Divestment

One reason that is so is that there is an organized alumni campaign for divestment—most recently, with more than 3,000 signatories. That is not a large share of the alumni overall, but in elections where relatively few people vote, it is not nothing, either.

In their most recent communication with University officials, the leading spokespeople for the alumni advocates wrote to the president and senior fellow on October 24. They requested a meeting with the Corporation, at which they propose to advocate divestment (among those assets managed directly by Harvard Management Company, and ultimately those managed by external advisers) and reinvestment of the endowment in accordance with sustainability principles by 2030. 

They also expressed support for student and faculty advocates of divestment and note, finally, that “we are working to engage a broad coalition of alumni who, like us, recognize the urgency of now. We have hired organizers to help us reach and communicate with alumni. We think that the University should use its existing institutional resources such as the Board of Overseers and its range of alumni councils to help the University adjust to and target its financial resources to the growing climate crisis.” 

Canyon Woodward ’15 and Chloe Maxmin ’15, veteran undergraduate Divest Harvard leaders, have been retained, for 30 and 10 hours a week, respectively, to work on organizing alumni in support of divestment. Their work, the correspondents’ focus on the Board of Overseers, and the Harvard Forward petition slate would seem aligned to make this a vigorous, focused campaign unlike others the University has seen in recent years.

And the Students

Nor has the graduation of earlier student divestment advocates seemed to sap enthusiasm for the cause. As rain fell before the November 5 FAS meeting, students were stationed outside University Hall leafletting the arriving professors.

“Whether you support fossil-fuel divestment, oppose it, or are undecided,” their fliers read, “it is critical that faculty are engaging in this debate that affects the defining issue of our generation. For years, the administration has not listened to student voices on this issue, so we are grateful to faculty for helping lead the way to an open dialogue.” (In fairness, this administration is doing a whole lot more listening than its predecessor—in meetings with students and the faculty—but it has not changed its reasoning or opposition to divestment per se.)

In a generational appeal, they continued, “Today, we are asking you to advocate for us. As FAS debates this critical question, we hope you keep in mind how important this issue is to us as students who will live through the increasing dangers of the climate crisis. We need a just, rapid transition to a decarbonized economy, which is why Harvard must cut its financial ties to the fossil-fuel industry….”

The students advocated disclosure of endowment assets, divestment of fossil-fuel holdings, and reinvestment “in a more socially just and environmentally sustainable economy….”

In Prospect

Whatever the outcome of the continuing debate on divestment and of the Overseeres election, there is ample room for Harvard to make significant contributions to the transition toward sustainability by focusing on students and scholarship.

Several faculty members spoke in favor of emphasizing climate change within the curriculum—a matter wholly within FAS’s jurisdiction. And after one emphasized his disappointment that The Harvard Campaign did not make climate change and energy a major, substantive fundraising goal, it is clear that the University could, and now might well want to, devote resources to research, across the disciplines and professions, that could advance technological, policy, institutional, and behavioral solutions.

Late, in this case, would still be better than never—and would give real meaning to Harvard’s aspirations to draw on its intellectual capital and its education of future leaders as One University, focused on bettering the world.

 

Harvard Board of Overseers Divestment, Governance Challenge
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Debating Divestment in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences

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A formal, docketed discussion as proponents of divestment intensify their campaign 

Photograph of University Hall, where the Faculty of Arts and Sciences meets

University Hall, where the Faculty of Arts and Sciences is based and holds faculty meetings
Photograph by Kris Snibbe/Harvard Public Affairs and Communications


University Hall, where the Faculty of Arts and Sciences is based and holds faculty meetings
Photograph by Kris Snibbe/Harvard Public Affairs and Communications

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Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences Divestment Debate
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This afternoon, at its regularly scheduled faculty meeting—which happened to fall on the day after President Donald Trump moved formally to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement on climate change—the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) formally docketed “a discussion of whether Harvard’s appropriate response to the global climate and ecological crisis should include financial divestment from fossil fuel interests.” The public discussion with President Lawrence S. Bacow, long sought by faculty advocates of divesting endowment assets invested in fossil-fuel production, follows an October airing of concerns about climate change (read a detailed account here)—which was on the agenda as a more general “discussion of the global climate and ecological crisis and Harvard’s appropriate response to that crisis.” (Bacow, who normally presides at FAS meetings, was absent that day, for Rosh Hashanah.)

The forum took place at a time of heightened activity by campus and community divestment advocates, including alumni pressuring the University to reveal its fossil-energy investments, if any, and to dispose of them—and an effort, announced this past Sunday, to put forth a slate of candidates for the Board of Overseers in the spring 2020 election who will advocate both divestment and changes in Harvard governance (see a separate report on these matters, to be published on November 6).

The Faculty’s Forum

Today’s discussion did not introduce a formal legislative proposal—which would, under FAS rules, have to lay over for a vote at a subsequent meeting. Instead, it provided the occasion for faculty divestment advocates to make their case, in the open, to Bacow and to former Harvard Corporation member Jessica Tuchman Mathews ’67, who was president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and was a founder of the World Resources Institute—an environmental research organization. (During Tuchman’s service on the senior governing board, from 2013 to last year, the Corporation and then-Harvard president Drew Gilpin Faust articulated their opposition to divestment. Bacow was a Corporation member then, too. Senior Fellow William F. Lee ’72, who has spoken for the Corporation in opposition to divestment, was apparently unable to attend today’s session.)

The three docketed faculty speakers, respectively, addressed the role of individual professors and the larger institution in taking on climate change; the history of Harvard’s decisions concerning its investments and public-policy questions; and the operations of the endowment itself and the financial implications of divestment.

They were followed by speakers from the floor, some of whom made further arguments for divestment, and some who forcefully objected to divestment—instead focusing on the faculty’s role in teaching and research, and likely (unintended) political perceptions of its advocacy of divestment. President Bacow then spoke about points of agreement, even though he disagreed with divestment as an action or as a “litmus test” for any person or institution.

Where speakers provided their comments in advance or after delivery, they are reproduced below as prepared for delivery. Where other faculty members spoke from the floor, FAS rules require that they consent to being associated by name with quotations from or paraphrases of their remarks within the confines of faculty meetings; that consent has been sought, and when and if it is granted, the text will be updated to associate the speakers with their remarks. [Updated November 6 at 3:40 P.M. All the speakers are now identified below,with their consent.]

The Docketed Speakers

Individual and institutional responsibility: statement of Charlie Conroy, professor of astronomy and director of graduate studies.

I am an astronomer. I spend most of my time collecting data and running computer models to understand the origin of our Galaxy. But today I speak to you as a deeply concerned member of our community.

I have grown up with the reality of what we once called global warming: rising temperatures, melting glaciers, species extinctions, destabilizing weather patterns. The consequences for humans have also been in plain view: increased occurrence of famine, droughts, and diseases, and, on the horizon, a refugee crisis unparalleled in human history. And yet, like many people I became numb to the increasingly urgent calls for action. I was busy and preoccupied with issues closer to home: raising a family, conducting research, securing tenure. I focused on small acts—recycling, commuting with public transit, eating locally grown food. What more could I do? I am after all only one person.

That thinking was wrong.

As members of the Harvard faculty we have a powerful platform to effect change. This means that we also have a responsibility to use that power in extraordinary times. And these are extraordinary times.  

As I speak California is burning. UC Santa Cruz, where I used to teach, has been subjected to forced blackouts resulting in canceled classes. Fire-related evacuations are now a routine part of life for many communities. This is the new normal. In recognition of the climate crisis, the University of California system is divesting its $13-billion endowment and its $70-billion pension fund from fossil fuels. 

The ice sheets on West Antarctica and Greenland together hold enough water to raise global sea level by 13 meters. Destabilization of these ice sheets could result in sea level rise of 2 meters by the end of this century and 6 meters by the end of the following century. With 6 meters of sea-level rise significant portions of the Harvard campus will be underwater. As will all of MIT, Fenway, and the South End. Globally the situation will be much worse: 600 million people live at an elevation within 10 meters of sea level.

We in rich countries may be able to mitigate the worst effects of climate change, though the costs may be staggering. Maybe. Maybe not. But island nations, poor countries in South Asia and elsewhere, will not have the option of buying their way out of disaster. 

The predicted short-term consequences of climate change from major organizations such as the IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] tend to be conservative. We see evidence of this every year as new reports indicate the pace of change is accelerating faster than predicted. The global climate is a complex system with multiple non-linear feedback cycles that are poorly understood. The near future could easily turn out to be much more extreme than current models predict—during the Pliocene Epoch the levels of CO2 in the atmosphere were comparable to today’s levels. During that time the Earth was 3° C warmer and global sea levels were 10-20 meters higher.

There is currently five times more fossil fuel in proven reserves than can be burnt if we are to stay within the 2°C warming scenario advocated by the UN Paris Agreement. Avoiding catastrophic changes to our world will therefore require leaving huge reserves of fossil fuel in the ground. And yet, the fossil-fuel industry continues to devote vast sums of money and resources to identifying new reserves. Despite its profession of support for the Paris Agreement, ExxonMobil has not changed its position since this agreement was signed. In 2015 ExxonMobil projected that by 2040 fossil fuels would supply over 75 percent of the world’s energy needs. In its latest projections from this year, that number has actually risen to 80 percent.   

It is simply unrealistic to expect the fossil-fuel industry to willingly walk away from so much money in the ground. As our colleague Naomi Oreskes has demonstrated through extensive scholarship [read her October statement here], the fossil-fuel industry has for decades engaged in deliberate doubt-mongering on the topic of climate change. This includes explicit undermining of public policy and indirect undermining of attempts to move to alternative energies. In light of these facts, the idea of working in collaboration with the fossil-fuel industry is dangerously naïve and counterproductive.

These extraordinary times require big ideas and bold leadership.  

The scale of the problem is so enormous that many ideas must be pursued simultaneously. We should commit to a carbon-free campus on a rapid timescale. We should incentivize reduced air travel and the use of a robust public transit system. We should encourage significant new academic and research ventures. We should engage with our community beyond Harvard. And we should divest from the fossil-fuel industry.

There are multiple reasons to support divestment. There are arguments from history and from economics that my colleagues will discuss. My perspective is this: the degree of action and change required to avoid the worst-case scenarios is far larger than anything we could hope to accomplish on our own, even as teachers and researchers. Every one of us could commit 100 percent of our time and resources to combating climate change, but that would fall far short of what is needed. This is where divestment comes in. It is an opportunity, perhaps our best opportunity, to catalyze action and change far beyond these walls. 

Imagine I came here to announce that a civilization-destroying asteroid is heading toward Earth. Would we wait to act until the probability of disaster is 100 percent? No. Would we wait to act until the impact was days or weeks away? No. Climate change is that asteroid. Its impact will be felt not instantaneously but over years, decades, and centuries. As scientists we have an obligation not only to identify and study the asteroid, but to act upon the clear and present danger it represents, and to join our colleagues in other disciplines in urging responsible action.

Harvard is in a position to lead on this issue. We have a responsibility to do so. Now is the time to act.

The Harvard historical perspective: statement of Joyce E. Chaplin, Phillips professor of early American history. (Footnotes removed from this version.)

On the question of divestment from fossil-fuel interests. Harvard’s official position has been that the endowment should not be used to make political points or influence social policy, that the University’s engagement with leaders in the fossil-fuel industry would instead be more effective. In my remarks today, I will examine Harvard’s past in order to question this position, showing that Harvard has a long history of using its reputation and resources to make points about politics and society, that there are precedents for using Harvard’s endowment to state those ethical claims, and that reluctance to do so has had the unfortunate effect of making Harvard seem indifferent to human-rights violations. 

Harvard has been raising its voice in politics and public life at least since April 3rd, 1776, when it granted an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws to General George Washington, commander of the Continental Army. Harvard thus endorsed the idea of American independence three months before delegates from Massachusetts would sign the Declaration of Independence. Harvard would gain its own independence in 1865, when selection of the Overseers would begin to be done by alumni rather than the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. From this point on, Harvard’s contributions to public life would increasingly engage the worlds beyond Massachusetts. This was notably the case for the service Harvard President James B. Conant performed for the Manhattan Project during World War II. Conant became director of the National Defense Research Committee in 1941; he estimated that, during the war, he racked up half a million miles on the train between Boston and Washington, D.C. Conant witnessed the July 16th, 1945 successful test of the first atomic bomb, “Trinity,” at Almogordo, New Mexico, reporting that “the whole sky [was] suddenly full of white light[,] like the end of the world.” 

After the war, Harvard faced new questions about its financial investments, and this is when we first see a stated policy of conservatism about the endowment—during the Civil Rights movement. In May 1964, at the start of the Mississippi Summer Project, Harvard and Radcliffe students identified Harvard as the largest shareholder in Middle South Utilities. This company owned Mississippi Power and Light, whose leadership overlapped with that of the Jackson Citizens’ Council, a white supremacist group. Students did not ask for divestment; rather, they requested that the Corporation withdraw 10 percent of its $10-million investment in Mississippi Power and Light to use as bail for students working for civil rights in Mississippi. The Corporation refused. A conflict of interest was apparent. Middle South’s second largest stockholder was Massachusetts Investor Trust; a member of the Harvard Board of Overseers, Thomas D. Cabot, served on the trust’s advisory board. In addition, Harvard’s treasurer, Paul C. Cabot, was chairman of Middle South’s third largest stockholder, State Street Investment Corporation. When Cabot retired, he was succeeded by Harvard’s deputy treasurer, George F. Bennett, also of State Street Investment. In the wake of the controversy over Harvard’s investment in Middle South Utilities, Bennett responded, “We don’t try to accomplish social purposes with our capital; we just try to put it where it will bring us the best return.”

That preference was restated several times during Derek Bok’s twenty-year term as president of Harvard. One year into Bok’s tenure, two student groups, in February 1972, demanded that the Corporation sell its 682,000 shares of stock in Gulf Oil, valued around $20 million. Gulf Oil was extracting oil from the coastline of Angola, a militarily-occupied colony of Portugal, which until 1974 was itself ruled by a dictatorship, one determined to suppress Angolan freedom fighters. But the Harvard Corporation declined either to sell its Gulf Oil stock or require the company to issue a report on its business strategies in Angola. 

This too was the response when students urged Harvard to disassociate itself from the apartheid regime in South Africa. The 1980s anti-apartheid movement focused on government sanctions of the country and non-governmental divestment from commercial and financial interests in South Africa. Harvard’s disinclination to divest was, in this instance, technically political, because it could have been read as criticism of U.S. leadership—President Ronald Reagan opposed sanctions. The Reaganite alternative was “constructive engagement” with the apartheid regime and with South African businesses, to persuade government and business leaders to abandon racist policies; Harvard likewise advocated constructive engagement. Of course, this position of not divesting was no less political than making any decision to divest. Only when it became clear, by 1985, that Reagan’s policy against sanctions was losing support did Harvard begin to divest from its financial connections to South Africa. By 1988, formal U.S. policy no longer endorsed unilateral engagement with the apartheid regime; it was considered irrelevant, if not bankrupt, as a political strategy. The 2009 comprehensive history of The Rise and Fall of Apartheid, peer-reviewed, published by a university press, does not even list “constructive engagement” or its Reagan-era architect in the book’s index. 

The position that the Harvard endowment should not be used to address social problems has, in any case, never been consistent. In 1970, a Harvard Committee on University Relations with Corporate Enterprise issued a statement that ethics should influence investment, specifically naming alcohol and tobacco as questionable sources of profit. During the controversy over Angola, President Bok set up two deliberative committees: a Harvard Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (CCSR) and an Advisory Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (ACSR) composed of alumni, faculty, and students. Perhaps unexpectedly, the CCSR proved to be somewhat critical of anti-divestment and the ACSR in 1984 voted for total divestment. 

And in the case of one industry, divestment became Harvard’s policy. In 1990, Harvard sold off its last (direct) stock in tobacco companies. “This decision was motivated by the University's belief that in this case it would be unable, as a continuing shareholder, to influence the policy of the companies in regard to the marketing practices mentioned above, and by the desire not to be associated as a shareholder with companies engaged in significant sales of products that create a substantial and unjustified risk of harm to human health.” 

If the official position of the President and Fellows of Harvard College is still that Harvard’s endowment should not be used for political or social purposes, that engagement with the fossil-fuel industries is instead preferable, I think we must ask: why? Why should a position tarnished through association with racism be acceptable as a response to the climate crisis, arguably the greatest threat to human rights today? Why should “engagement,” highly questionable during the 1980s argument over apartheid, now be regarded as an effective way to handle an industry we know to be perfidious? The World Health Organization and Harvard physicians warn that the climate crisis is already generating threats to global public health, threats that will eventually be enormous—why are these of less concern than those posed by big tobacco? In 1945, Harvard’s president saw his work on atomic weapons culminate in a light so bright it seemed to signify the end of the world. In 2019, science has shone enough light on climate change for all of us to see that it might end the world as we know it. This danger demands that we end our complicity with the industries that deny their responsibility in creating our current state of emergency.

 •Financial and investment perspective: statement of Stephen A. Marglin, Barker professor of economics. (References removed from this version.)

I must first report a failure. I do not have the information I need to speak in any detail about the Harvard endowment. Not for lack of trying. After some delay, which I mistakenly, perhaps naively, took as a positive sign, I was directed to the annual financial report and SEC filings. Practically useless.  

Absent this information, what is there to say? Turns out quite a lot. I used to caution against thinking that divestment would have a direct effect on the fossil-fuel industry by denying capital for expansion. No, the shares in ExxonMobil that Harvard sold would be purchased by some other investor. No impact on ExxonMobil.  

I’m no longer sure that it’s a fallacy to argue that our endowment directly provides capital to the fossil-fuel industry. One of the things I did learn from this year’s financial report is that over 50 percent of the endowment is invested in hedge funds and private equity. We simply do not know how much capital Harvard is providing for the expansion of the fossil-fuel industry through these vehicles. We do know, thanks to Bill McKibben [’82, a prominent climate-change and divestment activist], that providing finance for the industry is a thriving business, even as it puts the planet in jeopardy: one bank, Chase, has reportedly committed a hundred and ninety-six billion dollars in financing for the fossil-fuel industry in the three years after the Paris Agreement was signed.

How much has Harvard committed? The Administration won’t tell us.

Not that the information about current holdings and past returns is dispositive. But knowing the extent of our commitment to fossil-fuel investment would at least provide context for an intelligent discussion.

There are a small number of studies on the financial costs of divesting. Not surprisingly—this being economics after all—the conclusions differ. Two studies argue that divestment would have major effects on the financial performance of investment funds, one suggesting that the Harvard endowment in particular would be 16 percent smaller after 50 years if we divested our holdings in fossil-fuels.

These studies suffer from two defects. First, the argument rests on the superior performance of energy stocks during one particular decade. Between 2003 and 2012, ExxonMobil stock rose at double the rate of the stock-market average, from $35 per share in the first week of 2003 to $89 in the last week of 2012. The second defect—make of it what you will—was that both these studies were financed, as the authors acknowledge, by the Independent Petroleum Association of America.

Other studies, I read four, find no adverse effects of divestment. The risk-adjusted performance of portfolios with and without fossil-fuel stocks are virtually identical over long periods.

But all these studies look at publicly traded stocks, and only one-quarter of our endowment is invested this way. In any case, one thing we know for sure: the past is not going to be a very good guide to the future. Unless you’re Donald Trump, climate change is real.  

And so, looking ahead into the not-too-distant future, are the financial risks of investing in fossil fuels. The major risk is stranded assets, oil, gas, and coal that must be left in the ground if we are to limit global warming to the 1.5° Celsius target that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change now recommends.    

Not a problem for ExxonMobil. As Professor Conroy pointed out, ExxonMobil has upped the ante: in 2014, it was projecting that over 75 percent of the world’s energy would come from fossil fuels in 2040; in its most recent projections, the 2040 percentage for fossil fuels is 80 percent. No peak oil, no stranded assets. The oil companies, professing allegiance to the Paris Agreement and even to the IPCC’s revised targets, are like St. Augustine: give us renewable energy, only not yet. 

Stranded assets are not the only problem. ExxonMobil is in court right now defending against charges brought by the Attorney General of New York that “the company lied to shareholders and to the public about the costs and consequences of climate change.” Litigation is an increasing worry and now appears among the risk factors major oil companies acknowledge. 

A third risk, believe it or not, is the divestment movement itself.  Listen to Shell Oil:

“Additionally, some groups are pressuring certain investors to divest their investments in fossil-fuel companies. If this were to continue, it could have a material adverse effect on the price of our securities and our ability to access equity capital markets.”

Whom are we to believe? Well, institutions with assets totaling $11.5 trillion have divested at least partially. Yes, their motives are complicated, but financial motives are playing an increasing role. The University of California is divesting fossil-fuel investments from both its $13-billion endowment and its $70-billion pension fund. The Chair of the Board of Regents investment committee and UC’s chief investment officer could not be clearer:

“We believe hanging on to fossil fuel assets is a financial risk….

“We [are placing] our bets that clean energy will fuel the world’s future. That means we believe there is money to be made. We have chosen to invest for a better planet, and reap the financial rewards for UC.”

Can a clever (or lucky) investor make money for the University even if the fossil-fuel industry is going down the tubes? You bet. If you’d bought ExxonMobil at the end of 2018 and sold it in April of this year you would have made 20 percent on your investment. Can a clever investor consistently make money out of special situations? That’s more doubtful. And these clever investors don’t come cheap. Perhaps this is why the University of California has decided to go down a fossil-fuel-free path.

Our endowment managers already screen potential investments in terms of environmental effects, social effects, and corporate governance (ESG for short). The website of the Harvard Management Company, the guardians of our endowment, even recognizes the particular relevance of these factors in assessing the impact of climate change (https://www.hmc.harvard.edu/sustainable-investing/#esg). HMC’s senior vice president for sustainability, Michael Cappucci, has argued convincingly that ESG is not for the fainthearted. The worst results come from a half-way commitment. 

Here is a simple screening device that will strengthen our commitment to ESG and bring HMC into line with what hopefully, sooner rather than later, will become standard practice for institutions like ours: Is this investment contributing to the solution of global climate change? Extra points. Or is it part of the problem? No way. Fossil fuels are rightly an endangered species. No prudent investor would choose to be the last hold-out.

In the end financial considerations will take us only so far. One consequence of the Jeffrey Epstein scandal is that both President Bacow and Provost Garber have expressed the need to rethink our policy about donations. Epstein’s crime was to sexually abuse teen-aged girls. He has been credibly accused of rape. I expect we will end up with a policy of screening donations on the basis of the character of the donor. President Bacow, ExxonMobil has been credibly accused of raping the planet and lying about it to boot. Are we really any less culpable accepting the poisoned fruit of fossil-fuel investments than accepting the tainted money of the ilk of Jeffrey Epstein?

Comments from the Floor

Following these docketed statements, other speakers joined the discussion.

[Updated November 5, 2019, 8:00 p.m., to identify the speaker.] Hooper professor of geology Daniel P. Schrag—who is also professor of environmental science and engineering and  director of the Harvard University Center for the Environment—said he was “very impressed and heartened” by the discussions in October and today, given the importance of climate change—the greatest challenge human society has ever faced—and the difficulties it presents as a “global collective-action problem” of the sort humans find it hard to solve, and as a problem on “really long time scales,” extending thousands and even tens of thousands of years. Very long time scales also characterize the necessary changes in the energy system, given the enormous capital investment and infrastructure involved. 

In that light, he continued, despite envisioning a huge role for Harvard to play, he opposed divestment. Even though climate change poses moral issues, there are real differences surrounding divesting, and the problem does not fall solely on the endowment managers. Rather, Harvard and the FAS have to contribute via “the education we give our students and the research we do in every field.” Symbolic actions can have a value, but they are problematic when they supercede actions needed to effect change. He recalled proposing a major initiative on climate and energy at the outset of The Harvard Campaign; despite decanal and faculty enthusiasm, President Faust declined to pursue it, and instead initiated a grant-making presidential climate-solutions fund: worthwhile, but, funded at $8 million, an “embarrassing” level of commitment relative to the problem. Given the recent $750-million gift to Caltech for climate research, a larger, broader institution like Harvard ought to aim even higher. It was laudable for Harvard to stress its internal greenhouse-gas-reduction goals, but again, those efforts are symbolic, when “by far the biggest way we will impact the future of our climate” is through research and teaching.

He applauded the passion and engagement of student advocates of divestment. But he still felt the “obligation to do our central task first,” in the classroom and laboratories. He hoped that faculty members from across the University, and in every FAS discipline, would engage in efforts to conduct research and teaching on climate change on a major scale, and that deans and the president and provost would support that.

•An economist’s political perspective on the perils of divestment: statement of James H. Stock, Burbank professor of political economy.

In 2013-14, I served as a Member of the Council of Economic Advisors under President Obama. My portfolio included energy, environment, and climate. I was the chief economist in the White House working on the Clean Power Plan, our regulation for reducing CO2 emissions from the power sector. I also led the process that led to the moratorium on new leases under the Federal coal program. Although I had worked on climate issues as a secondary interest prior to my time in D.C., since returning to Harvard, climate economics and policy have been the main focus of my research and public engagement. Disclosure: I take no financial support from the fossil-fuel industry.

Putting aside direct financial market effects, divesting sends a message. My worry is that the message, intended or not, is one of moral superiority. We would send that message not just to the oil executives who spent $30 million to defeat a carbon tax in Washington state, but to the oil roughneck in west Texas, the refinery worker in Louisiana, the long-haul trucker, and the coal miner in Gillette, Wyoming. Those workers are not morally flawed by virtue of their working in the fossil-fuel industry. But how could they interpret Harvard’s divestment as other than yet another criticism by liberal elites of the honest way of life they adopted to earn a living and support their families? 

This summer, I testified in Congress on the Federal Coal program. The hearing occurred a week after a coal company, Blackjewel, unexpectedly declared bankruptcy and closed two mines near Gillette. Wyoming’s representative, Liz Cheney, who is on the committee, lit in to me. I quote: 

“Our communities and our families are feeling and facing real pain. We have had 700 people laid off, and the idea that that pain would be used by witnesses in this committee to somehow suggest that we ought to pursue an anti-coal endeavor to me is really offensive.”

She continued in this vein. Representative Cheney’s comments built on a narrative of climate action being something coastal elites do at the expense of everyday Americans. Harvard’s divestment would play into that narrative.

Decarbonizing the economy is a problem we must solve. But if the solution is to be durable, we need to solve it together as a nation. This issue is too important to be driving wedges.

What should Harvard do? In brief: Invest, not divest. Invest in teaching and research in climate technology and policy. These are things we do well but insufficiently, and here, Harvard can do much more. 

•A counter-divestment argument, on FAS’s academic mission: statement of Harry R. Lewis, Gordon McKay professor of computer science

I am Harry Lewis, Gordon McKay professor of computer science, and I should like to speak against the push for divestment from fossil fuels. 

Let me begin by agreeing with the colleagues who have docketed this discussion that climate change is the great existential threat of our times. The question is what Harvard should do about it. Of course, Harvard can do more than one thing, but as we are an institution devoted to teaching and research, those are the weapons we are best positioned to marshal in the fight. And teaching in particular is the thing that this Faculty, acting as a body, can decide to do. Our undergraduates disproportionately go on to influence the future of the world in industry, the professions, and public service. We could shape our curriculum so that Harvard undergraduates will leave here understanding the nature of the threat and their agency to do something about it. I know that many individual faculty members have, to their credit, stressed environmental issues in their own teaching. But we are now being asked to act as a body to pressure the Corporation for divestment, when we have taken no comparable action as a body to better educate our students. 

For this Faculty as a body to alter our education requires no petition to the Corporation or permission from any dean or president. Someone could put a curricular motion on the table and we could vote on it. If we wanted to make it happen, it would happen, whether the Corporation liked it or not. We could make a requirement, or we could fashion a more creative educational strategy. But mainly I wish that my colleagues had asked us to make a commitment as a body to do something that is actually within our competence and power to do, before asking us to tell the Corporation how it should run the endowment. Rather than piling up educational requirements, we might even decide that learning about climate change is more important than the least important of the many other things we already expect of our students.

As for divestment now. I took some pains a moment ago to name the donor of my chair, to make the point that Harvard can do good works with tainted money. If you do not know the tale of Gordon McKay, I invite you to read the Vita I wrote about him for Harvard Magazine a few years ago. He would be a pariah today, but I don’t think that has diminished the good that has come from his endowment. 

Now I have no opinion about whether Harvard should or should not be invested in anything. The job of the endowment managers is to preserve and increase Harvard’s endowment, so that we faculty can do our good works and our students can reap the benefit. Our job is advancing society through teaching and learning. 

Universities are the kidneys of society. The main thing you want from kidneys is to produce pure output, whether or not the inflow is dirty. It is odd that we regularly try to seize the moral high ground by discussing divestment from something or other that is considered impure, but we rarely talk about whether our own work advances society or not. It is no breach of academic freedom to seek answers to that question. All it requires is a willingness to be as critical of ourselves as we are of the Corporation and its investments.

At the last meeting Professor [Edward] Hall correctly described fossil-fuel divestment as a political statement, one that would not exert financial leverage on the fossil-fuel industry. Indeed, selling supply-side stocks to someone else and leaving all the demand-side stocks in our portfolio—airlines, trucking companies, Amazon, the meat industry—seems to me pointlessly self-gratifying. Really, divestment votes are a waste of time. The country’s two largest pension funds, which are many times the size of the Harvard endowment, divested from gun stocks after the Sandy Hook massacre, but there’s no evidence that did anything to solve our horrible gun problem. But they resisted pressure to divest from stores selling guns, and because they had a seat at the table as shareholders, they helped get some of those companies to change their practices.

One of the things about political statements is that they tend to be welcomed by people who don’t need convincing and to do little to persuade skeptics. They are divisive, when academia more than ever needs friends and allies today. Universities make too many political statements already, and such empty declarations increase skepticism about whether we are really in the business of truth as we claim to be or are now just one more politicized American institution.

What we as a Faculty should instead do to impact the climate, it seems to me, is to use as much money as Harvard can make available to us to fight the needed scientific, technical, economic, civic, and social fights. If some of the money we use to do that comes from the fossil-fuel industries themselves, the joke will be on them.  We should accept the profits and use them to help save the planet in the ways we are professionally competent—and powerfully positioned—to do.

[Updated November 6 at 3:40 p.m., to identify the speaker.] Steven C. Wofsy, Rotch professor of atmospheric and environmental science,  rose to say that although he had until recently opposed divestment, the  gutting of the Clean Power Plan and the CAFE standards [for automobile and truck energy efficiency], at the behest of the fossil-fuel industry, had led him to change his mind. Making money from fossil-fuel investments, he now thought, was equivalent to profiting from tobacco.

•Climate change and core values of diversity and inclusion: statement of Scott V. Edwards, professor of organismic and evolutionary biology (OEB). [Editor’s note: Professor Edwards is a member of the Board of Directors of Harvard Magazine Inc.]

As an ornithologist, my research and teaching have both involved climate change as a core driver of evolutionary and ecological change. As [Agassiz professor of zoology] Jim Hanken pointed out at our last faculty meeting, zoology classes at Harvard have been, by necessity, intensely focused on the consequences of climate change for various animal groups. For example, for decades ornithologists have quantified the extent to which climate change has altered the timing and geography of migration, often with detrimental effects on the species in question, especially when arrival times in spring are driven out of sync with the emergence of insect and other prey. The effect of climate change on animal populations is a core issue that few classes in OEB can avoid. To the extent that climate change erodes the very populations that we study in our research, our research itself will suffer and become uprooted.

But today I’d like to draw your attention to a different link between climate change and our core values as a faculty. Specifically I’d like to argue for an important link between Harvard’s approach to climate change and our approach to diversity and inclusion. I just returned from the annual meeting of the Society for the Advancement of Chicano and Native American Scientists, or SACNAS, one of whose themes this year was climate change. SACNAS is the largest and most diverse national gathering of students and faculty in STEM [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics] and is a fertile arena for dialogues between indigenous communities of scientists and educators. Climate change has been at the center of discussions at SACNAS for years, and we have heard heartrending stories of environmental degradation from diverse indigenous peoples, naturally the first to experience our rapidly changing environment. This year, the keynote speaker at SACNAS was Hilda Heine, the president of the Marshall Islands, a Pacific island nation whose very future depends on the ability of developed nations like ours to curtail their production of greenhouse gases. In graphic detail, President Heine reminded the audience of 5,000 undergraduates of the horrific deployment of hydrogen bombs and multiple nuclear tests by the U.S. government in the post-World War II years—a typical —I repeat, typical—example of the disregard of the U.S. government for the plight of voices perceived to be weak and marginalized. In our comfort as a developed nation, with no end to technologies and quick fixes that buffer us from the negative consequences of climate change, it’s all too easy for us to forget that many people around the globe are orders of magnitude more sensitive to climate change than we are. As a country, and, I daresay, as a University, we are literally contributing to the genocide of indigenous populations through our unwillingness to address the sources of climate change. I believe that, as a University, a failure to divest from companies grossly contributing to the problem of climate change is tantamount to contributing to this genocide and to ignoring the voices of diverse indigenous populations around the globe. How can we, as a University, claim to hold the values of diversity and inclusion to heart, when our actions disproportionately affect those already marginalized on the global stage?

[Updated November 6, 7:55 a.m., to identify the speaker and provide a fuller account of his remarks; this paragraph replaces the prior summary sentence on those remarks.] Timken University Professor Irwin I. Shapiro rose to observe that, although it may be hopelessly idealistic, he thought Harvard should consider taking the lead to help solve this clearly world problem of climate change through initiating the organizing of the universities of this country, if not of the world, to develop an approach to the scientific, political, economic, etc., means to solve the problem. That coalition then could be used to pressure the governments of the different countries to support this approach, perhaps with modifications.  This approach would likely involve both cooperation and competition of universities, and other entities, in solving specific parts of the overall problem. 

President Bacow Responds

President Bacow said these issues would be revisited at the next faculty meeting, and that the comments aired today would be taken back to the Corporation. In reflecting on the statements made, he said, “I think it’s important for us to focus not on points of disagreement but on points of agreement”—namely, that climate change is real, threatening, and demands action. “Whatever people may believe about divestment,” he continued, “we all need to agree that as a faculty, we need to confront this issue through our scholarship and teaching,” and through the actions of each individual.

He was troubled, he said, that divestment was seen as a “litmus test,” a sign of whether an individual or an institution cared about climate change. “I do,” he emphasized, recalling his scholarly career in environmental science at MIT (read background here). “I don’t need to be persuaded” that climate change is an urgent problem. So, he said, he agreed with many speakers on many things, even though he might disagree on what is the most effective action.

Turning to divestment per se, he recalled Professor Hall’s statement at the October faculty meeting, where he characterized divestment as a “political statement”—as it indeed is, Bacow said. “But we need to be modest about our capacity to improve the world merely by making political statements.” As Professor Stock had noted, this is an elite institution; many people regard it skeptically, even with mistrust, Bacow continued: “We don’t want to make it harder to solve this problem. We want to make it easier.” He noted that he was supporting research within FAS on how to support parts of the United States where people might lose from changes necessary to adapt to climate change (an example of how to proceed productively).

He also said that he would not defend the conduct of all companies, but noted, “We paint with a very broad brush” if we believe that all companies act in the same ways. Some energy companies, he noted, are trying to be carbon-neutral. They deserve constructive engagement, rather than being labeled as morally repugnant.

Harvard did divest from tobacco investments, he noted: tobacco has no social utility, it is dangerous, and owning tobacco securities was repugnant. But at the same time, Harvard banned sale of tobacco on campus, banned consumption on campus, and prohibited research funded by tobacco interests. The “day after” divesting from fossil-fuel enterprises, he said, “We would still have to turn on the lights, we would still have to heat our buildings,” and many faculty members would still get on airplanes. “We cannot wash our hands of this problem.”

Accordingly, it was urgent for an institution like Harvard to research how to lessen demand for fossil fuels, to explore and teach about new clean-energy technologies, sustainability, and the policies that would bring them into effect. Given the scope of the changes required, he said, the role of government and policy in changing behavior on a wide scale was key.

He pointed to a handout on Harvard Management Company’s engagements on sustainable investment, and urged the faculty members to read it. Were the University to divest, he said, those engagements would cease at once—something he thought faculty members ought to inform themselves about.

In any event, he said, the discussion would continue. Apart from, or beyond, divestment, a Corporation decision, he focused on the point Professor Lewis made: “What is it that as a faculty we want to do? What do you want to do,” as teaching faculty members, “with no permission from anyone”—in scholarship, teaching, and the way FAS members conduct their lives, demonstrating the power of their conviction to their students?

With that, he deemed the meeting useful and productive, and thanked all for taking part.

 

Harvard Faculty Divestment Debate
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A Commitment to Radicalism

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A Radcliffe Institute conference looks back on the legacy of activist icon Angela Davis and ahead to freedom struggles at Harvard and around the globe.

Angela Davis

Angela Davis

Photograph by Tony Rinaldo


Angela Davis

Photograph by Tony Rinaldo

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Radcliffe Institute conference on activist Angela Davis
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On Tuesday morning, Elizabeth Hinton told everyone to get ready. The second and final—and fullest—day of a Radcliffe Institute  conference honoring radical activist and global icon Angela Davis was about to start. Davis herself was seated in the front row, smiling beneath her instantly recognizable afro, now a shade of silver-gray. A capacity crowd filled the Knafel Center behind her. Hinton, halfway through her welcoming remarks, was talking about the difficult issues and “contested truths” the rest of the conference would grapple with. “If you are not uncomfortable at some point during the day,” said the Harvard historian, who chaired the event’s organizing committee, “then we’re not doing our jobs.”

For the next eight hours, the panelists—scholars, activists, educators—would discuss revolution and liberation and the fight against violent oppression. They’d talk about feminisms (plural) and blackness and queer solidarity; they’d talk about anti-capitalism and the prison-abolition movement. They’d talk about Palestine and apartheid South Africa and northern Syria. And Brazil, where Davis traveled a few weeks ago and met with the family of Marielle Franco, the human rights activist and Rio politician who was assassinated in 2018, a few months before repressive politician Jair Bolsonaro was elected president.

Elizabeth Hinton speaking
Elizabeth Hinton
Photograph by Tony Rinaldo

And the panelists would also talk about Harvard, whose recent acquisition of Davis’s papers—now archived in the Schlesinger Library and available to scholars starting this week—catalyzed the conference. Hinton praised the increasingly prominent University-hosted discussions like this one, but she also pushed back. “We can’t be in a space confronting Angela Davis’s life’s work and its implications,” she said, “without recognizing the struggles against racism and oppression that are very much alive on this campus.” She described a recent incident in which Harvard police confronted a group of students of color in the Yard as they were preparing a poetry installation for a class. And she cited the Harvard Prison Divestment Campaign, whose leaders have been demanding that the University withdraw its investments from prison-related industries. For more than a year, the campaign “has engaged the entire campus in thinking about the kinds of investments Harvard can and should make to advance social justice and equality, including expanding educational opportunities for incarcerated and formerly incarcerated people,” said Hinton, whose scholarly work focuses on the carceral state. She has been pushing Harvard to provide education in prisons since she first arrived in Cambridge six years ago. 

Other speakers, too, declared support for the Harvard divestment campaign, including Davis herself. “Of course I would support your efforts to persuade the University to divest from the prison-industrial complex,” Davis replied to a student who stood up late in the program to ask whether she would take a stand. (She also brought up the Harvard Graduate Student Union, which remains at odds with the University in its contract negotiations; the union voted overwhelmingly last week to authorize a strike. “I want to offer them support and solidarity,” Davis said, referring to the union. She echoed panelist and UCLA historian Robin D.G. Kelley, who earlier in the day had urged Harvard to come to an agreement with the students.)

Ruth Wilson Gilmore, a cofounder with Davis of the prison-abolition organization Critical Resistance, also answered a question about the Harvard divestment campaign. “Everyone should fight how they need to fight,” she said. “But: plan to win.” She explained what she meant: “Let us say that the divest committee gets Harvard to divest tonight. What changes for anybody in a cage tomorrow morning? Nothing.” Divestment, she explained, can be a fight worth having, but she admonished students to be cognizant of the limits of its effect, and also to think about how to build and extend that campaign not only to achieve a circumscribed goal, but also to change public consciousness about prison. “Fight what you’re fighting, but think about what happens the next morning.” 

“That said,” she added, “a multi-, multi-, multi-, multi-billion-dollar empire like Harvard … could use its economic clout” to pressure banks not to issue bonds to state and municipal governments to build new prisons. “If Harvard said, ‘We won’t do business with any bank that will write a bond to build any prison, whether public or not,’ that will be meaningful.”

 

Much of the day seemed to unfold that way: discussions of Davis’s work kept turning into the work itself. In part, that’s because many of the conference participants were old friends and comrades who’d stood alongside Davis for decades in one struggle or another. Some were her very oldest friends. On Monday night, Bettina Aptheker, a childhood companion and fellow radical, recalled meetings with Davis and other members of the youth socialist organization they belonged to in high school. The group would gather in the basement of Aptheker’s parents’ home in Brooklyn, where, under the clothesline in the boiler room, stood a row of metal filing cabinets containing the papers of W.E.B. DuBois. “In that time of McCarthyism and House committees on un-American activities and virulent racism and anti-communism,” she said, “no university library would touch DuBois’s papers.” When DuBois departed for Ghana in 1961, “he left them with my father”—Marxist historian Herbert Aptheker, who would later serve as executor of DuBois’s estate—“until they could be properly housed in a university library.” (They are now at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst.)

Davis’s sister, Fania Davis, an activist for restorative justice—a practice that seeks to repair the harm of criminal behavior through reconciliation between the offenders and victims—recalled growing up in Birmingham, Alabama, in those days nicknamed “Bombingham” because of the dynamite explosions that targeted black residents moving into white neighborhoods. She recalled the sisters learning to read their earliest words—“colored” and “white”—and playing pranks on racist white neighbors and shopkeepers. “Just being African American growing up in the fifties and sixties in the South can, itself be radicalizing,” she said.


Davis greets jazz vocalist Cécile McLorin Salvant, who performed during the conference's opening night. To Davis's left are Gina Dent, Fania Davis, and Bettina Aptheker.
Photograph by Tony Rinaldo

Attorney and law scholar Dorothy Burnham, who defended Davis against murder charges in the trial that made her world-famous, reflected on the case against her friend that followed a deadly 1970 shootout between police and the Soledad Brothers outside the Marin County courthouse. Burnham, a lifelong friend from Birmingham—whose 104-year-old mother, the scientist and civil-rights leader Dorothy Burnham, was in the audience—recalled Davis’s imprisonment and trial and how it not only cemented her fame, but profoundly shaped her activism and political philosophy for the rest of her life: the concepts of freedom and oppression, of solidarity and resistance. In prison, Burnham said, “She grew her voice. She grew her confidence.”  

Earlier in the evening, there was a jazz performance arranged by percussionist Terri Lyne Carrington, another longtime friend of Davis’s, whose setlist included a Herbie Hancock song inspired by the activist’s ordeal during her trial. Harvard music professors Vijay Iyer, a pianist, and Esperanza Spalding, a bassist, played alongside Carrington, trumpter Nicholas Payton and singer Cécile McLorin Salvant.

Again and again, conversations came back to the work. Moderating a panel titled “Revolution,” Brandon Terry, a Harvard assistant professor of African and African American studies, exhorted students to nurture their own “revolutionary practice” and to take the risks required, reminding them that Martin Luther King Jr. was only 25 when he organized the Montgomery bus boycott. “A revolution is not just armed struggle,” he said at one point, quoting from a speech by Davis. “It’s not just a period in which you can take over.…. The society you’re going to build is already reflected in the nature of the struggle you’re carrying out.” 

Film director and Spelman professor Julie Dash, who is working on a biopic of Davis, found herself brainstorming ideas from the speakers’ table. “I’m interested in redefining how African-American women are depicted in historical dramas, reimagining lives in bold and cinematic displays,” she said. “Where do we begin the story of the making of a revolutionary? How do we show the seeds of black radicalism taking root?” 

Gilmore, on stage with Kathy Boudin, a formerly incarcerated woman who codirects and cofounded the Center for Justice at Columbia University, fell into a discussion about the importance of confronting the real harm and violence committed by many those who are behind bars. “People in the movement are afraid to talk about that,” Boudin said. And they also discussed the tension between the need to invest in prison reform to improve inhumane conditions and the importance of preserving the long-term goal of abolition. 

Many who spoke noted the power and potential in the Davis archive—a vast collection of writings, speeches, photographs, and artifacts filed away over a lifetime. “I just knew I shouldn’t throw it away,” Davis said. Historian Jane Kamensky, the Schlesinger’s director, hoped the materials would allow “gatherings in far off years to make connections we have not yet thought of and ask questions we have not yet dreamed of.” Hinton curated an exhibit on Davis’s life and thought drawn from the papers, Angela Davis: Freed by the People, on view at the Schlesinger through March. “The collection was so stimulating for me and so rich,” Hinton said. “I left no box unturned.” 

Lehman College historian Robyn Spencer weighed the Davis archive against “all the violence and erasures and silence, all the things that have shielded black women’s lives from really being known.” She called the collection an act of “self-preservation and self-determination,” by an “unapologetically feminist, blues-loving Afro-wearing, left-leaning black woman. Black women are so rarely allowed universality, unboxed breath.” Her papers will provide “oxygen,” Spencer said, “to people, to movements, and ideas that definitely need to be aired.”

“The Davis papers are not a place for nostalgia,” Spencer concluded. “They demand action.” 

 

As the evening wound to a close, Hinton and Elsa Hardy, a graduate student, and Abbie Cohen, a Radcliffe staff member, shared poetry and other thoughts produced by a reading collective of incarcerated women they work with, who were granted special access to the Davis papers last summer and among the first to study it. Kaia Stern, Radcliffe practitioner-in-residence and visiting lecturer at the Harvard Graduate School of Education who cofounded the Harvard Prison Studies Project and has taught incarcerated people for years, recounted conversations with some of the women she has worked with inside: “Human connection is contraband in jail and prison,” Stern said. “We don’t say that out loud; it’s not written in our policy, but anyone who has spent time in a jail or prison know this. Sharing is punished as extortion.…Yet education in prison is transformative precisely because it is about human connections—to history, to science, to art, and to people.”

 Neferti X.M. Tadiar and Angela Davis speaking
Neferti X.M. Tadiar and Angela Davis
Photograph by Tony Rinaldo

Afterward, Davis herself took the stage, interviewed by her friend and former colleague Neferti X.M. Tadiar, now professor and chair of women’s, gender, and sexuality studies at Barnard. They talked about philosophy and politics and jazz, and the power of art to fortify and inspire and understand. “Art can produce knowledge that nothing else can approximate,” Davis said. Then Tadiar asked her about hope: “When you say we’re at the beginning, I feel like you’re already formulating a way for us to generate hope.” 

Yes, Davis answered. “Historical perspectives are important.… Sometimes we’re too short-sighted; we assume that what is happening right now is what will forever be.” Her mother, Sallye Davis, had trained her to always keep in mind other possibilities, other outcomes, other openings: “That is one of the primary articles of our movement. We have to generate hope.” 

One of the last questions of the night came from a high-school student, who asked Davis how she would define success for movements like hers and newer organizations like Black Lives Matter: “What does success look like?” “It’s a very complicated question,” Davis said. More complicated, for her, than is used to seem. Partly, she said, success is figuring out how to ask the right question in a particular moment, and partly about making new mistakes, not old ones. “I don’t think there’s an ultimate point where you could say, ‘This is freedom, we’re there.’” She paraphrased Nelson Mandela on the long walk to freedom: “Each time one thinks that one has reached the top of the mountain, there is another ahead....If someone had asked me to define freedom 50 years ago, I would’ve said, ‘We have to free the black man.’ That would have been my answer. Now it’s so much more complicated.”  

Radcliffe Institute conference on activist Angela Davis
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Letters on Angela Davis, the Bureau of Study Counsel, climate change, and more

November-December 2019 Opinion

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Angela Davis, Bureau of Study Counsel, climate change
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Crime and Incarceration

The article about Elizabeth Hinton (“Color and Incarceration,” by Lydialyle Gibson, September-October, page 40) included an observation by Hinton when she visited a loved one inside a California prison and saw “all these black and brown families.” I work for the Anti-Recidivism Coalition (ARC), dedicated to helping incarcerated men and women successfully transition back into society and reform our criminal justice system. I have walked into numerous prisons in California, which has one of the world’s largest prison systems. Each time I step into one of these institutions, my breath is taken away by the image of a sea of black and brown bodies in oversized blue prison uniforms, slowly pacing these prison yards in a fog of hopelessness.

I’ve also seen how education can help break through this fog. Sam Lewis, ARC’s executive director, often speaks with me about how education dramatically changed his life during his 24 years of incarceration in a California prison. I applaud and second Hinton’s call for Harvard to invest in prison education. Education is and will continue to be critical in developing the leadership of those most impacted by our justice system. As an alum, I would love to see Harvard lead in this effort.

Bikila Ochoa, Ph.D. ’09
Los Angeles

Speak Up, Please

Harvard Magazine welcomes letters on its contents. Please write to “Letters,” Harvard Magazine, 7 Ware Street, Cambridge 02138, or send comments by email to yourturn@harvard.edu.

 

Hinton’s critique of our criminal justice system, and her call for policy reform, are compelling and convincing. But aside from a few casual references, the article ignores an essential dimension of the story: the victims. It is as if none of the incarcerated had committed an offense graver than possession of recreational drugs. Yet in many if not most cases, the victims of crime are from the same disadvantaged socioeconomic, racial, or ethnic groups as the perpetrators. Moreover, victim compensation, sometimes in lieu of incarceration, should be a key element of humane and effective offender rehabilitation.

In portraying the perpetrators as the victims, the author airbrushes the real victims out of the story. Truly, justice is blind.

Andrew Sorokowski, A.M. ’75
Rockville, Md.

The article was disappointing because it left out an important part of the story. Gibson overlooked James Forman Jr.’s book, Locking Up Our Own, subtitled Crime and Punishment in Black America, which won the Pulitzer Prize for general nonfiction in 2018. I am interested in the topic because I have been a criminal defense lawyer for most of my career, beginning in 1981.

The article sums up Hinton’s book as:

[telling] the story of how federal policies—shaped by presidential administrations and endorsed by Congress—ratcheted up surveillance and punishment in black urban neighborhoods from the 1960s through the 1980s, how criminalization was steadily expanded, and how all of this was driven by deeply held assumptions about the cultural and behavioral inferiority of black Americans.

Gibson overlooks the most important point of Locking Up Our Own: that “amid a surge in crime and drug addiction,” black mayors, judges, and police chiefs who took office in the 1970s, “fearing that the gains of the civil rights movement were being undermined by lawlessness, embraced tough-on-crime measures, including longer sentences and aggressive police tactics” (as the dust jacket puts it). Those officials responded to the demands of black people to do something about the crime in their neighborhoods.

There were big changes in the late 1980s with the advent of the federal sentencing guidelines. Drug cases, even for small amounts of illegal drugs, were prosecuted in federal court instead of state court to take advantage of long mandatory minimum sentences. While many black people were sentenced to prison for crimes involving crack cocaine in urban areas, white people were imprisoned for methamphetamine offenses in rural areas.

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We hope that readers and others who are interested in faculty members’ research will enjoy the new “Ask a Harvard Professor” podcast. To learn more and to subscribe, go to harvardmag.com/podcast. If the initial season, now under way, finds an audience (please spread the word!) and attracts support, we will make this effort a regular part of our service on readers’—and listeners’—behalf.

~The Editors

 

In effect, our country decided to treat illegal drug possession and sales as a criminal-justice problem instead of a public-health challenge. Many public officials, black and white, were making decisions with the best of intentions that resulted in what is now called mass incarceration. Fear of crime motivated all races to do something. I hope Hinton is telling the whole story to her classes about how we got to now.

Patrick Deaton, M.P.A. ’87
St. Louis

The statistics are painfully clear: 50 percent of U.S. murders are committed by 6 percent of our population, black males. A very high violent crime rate in black communities requires police presence to (a) protect potential victims, mostly black, and (b) deter more serious crime. But Hinton concludes that history and white racism are to blame for black crime and imprisonment. Are we to believe that the black community bears no responsibility for its behavior?

Richard Merlo ’57
Elkin, N.C.

“Color and Incarceration” tells a tragic story. To the extent Hinton’s and others’ research in this field defines the problems to be solved, it is useful. This past August 30, Norfolk, Virginia’s, black police chief said, after a bloody week in which 10 people were shot and 5 killed, he is forming a committee to address the public-health crisis of young black men and gun violence the in the same way that they look at the opioid crisis. This means looking at poverty, education, and children regularly witnessing and being victims of gun violence. Black men are either suspect or victim in 93 percent of shootings in Norfolk, often both.

The chief said those demographics have persisted throughout his 30-year career. Black men were victims in 71 percent of the 450 homicides from 2006 to 2017. In the 320 killings in which police arrested someone, that suspect was black 78 percent of the time. He has been saying to groups: Guns are everywhere, shooters are getting younger, and Norfolk residents aren’t energized enough.

The racial makeup of Norfolk is : 47.1 percent white; 43.1 percent African American; 0.5 percent Native American; 3.3 percent Asian; 0.2 percent Pacific Islander; 2.2 percent other races; and 3.6 percent two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.6 percent.

Where are the calls for Pareto analyses and research that help will help us set things right?

Robert Armour, M.B.A. ’67
Virginia Beach, Va.

 

Professor Elizabeth Hinton seems to view poverty and racial oppression as the underlying causes of violent crime.

The homicide offending rate for blacks in St. Louis is about 116 per 100,000 (https://www.slmpd.org/images/2018_Homicide_Stats_for_Website.pdf). This is 13 times the rate of 9 per 100,000 in New York City (https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/nypd/downloads/pdf/analysis_and_planning/yea....). The poverty rate in St. Louis is 23 percent, versus 19 percent in New York City.

New York City’s overall homicide rate declined from 31 per 100,000 in 1990 to 3.4 per 100,000 in 2018. Its poverty rate was 19 percent in both years.

Varying levels of poverty and racial oppression do not explain the homicide offending rate for blacks being 13 times higher in St. Louis than in New York City or the 90 percent decline in New York City’s homicide rate since 1990. What does?

Andrew Campbell ’74
Ann Arbor, Mich.

 

Elizabeth Hinton has done valuable research, but the her book From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime and the article give a misleading picture of the origin of the dramatic growth in our prison population. Chronological plots of crime statistics from Baltimore* and Massachusetts offer a better picture of what happened (*FBI UCR Crime data from a student research project led by me at George Mason University [in preparation]).

 A combination of factors including rise in drug use and other developments in the 1960s led to a huge surge in crime nationwide. This ultimately led to a bipartisan-supported increase in police resources and stiffening of sentencing that peaked with the 1994 Violent Crime Control Act. The Baltimore plot suggests it had major effect in reducing crime. 

Blacks bore the brunt of increased incarceration because higher percentages lived in poverty-burdened neighborhoods that are breeding grounds for crime. The anti-crime movement overreacted—a typical American behavior—but was fundamentally motivated against lawlessness, not a vendetta against African Americans. 

Frank T. Manheim ’52
Fairfax, Va.

Angela Davis

Harvard Magazine’s hagiographic paean to Angela Davis (“Revisiting Angela Davis,” the sidebar to “Color and Incarceration,” September-October, page 44) at least does touch on reality by noting a few of the details of her part in a horrible terrorist murder in the 1970s. Too bad the tone about that incident is so forgiving and low key.

However, to then pass off her totalitarian sympathies by simply saying she was a “member” of the Communist Party is an outrageous evasion. She was the vice presidential candidate of the American Communist Party twice, supported the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, and was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1979 in Moscow. It’s nice that Davis cares, or says she does, about prisoners in this country. However, when Czech dissident Jeri Pelikan publicly called on her to defend his imprisoned dissident comrades, she refused. When Alan Dershowitz asked her to support Eastern bloc political prisoners, she told him that “they are all Zionist fascists and opponents of socialism.” Which of course calls attention to her strong support for the anti-Zionist BDS movement, which aims to dismantle the Jewish homeland.

Angela Davis is a thoroughly reprehensible extreme leftist and a hypocrite when it comes to prisoners’ rights. It is a shame that such a puff piece on her made it into your pages, and it is a disgrace for Harvard to have anything to do with glorifying or honoring her.

Jonathan Burack ’64
East Lansing, Mich.

In “Revisiting Angela Davis,” on the exciting, upcoming exhibit from the papers of Angela Davis recently acquired by the Schlesinger Library, there is a questionable characterization of the “attack on the Marin County Courthouse” in 1970 that resulted in her arrest and trial on multiple charges related to this event.

Often referred to as the August 7 Revolt or Rebellion, the courthouse action was initiated by Jonathan Jackson, the younger brother of George Jackson, who was the most influential of the radical black prisoners referred to as the Soledad Brothers after being accused of the murder of a guard in the California state prison of that name. The sidebar states that the courthouse action was “intended to free the Soledad Brothers but instead left four people dead…,” a claim that was actually used by the prosecution in her trial to support the argument that Davis’s personal relationship with George Jackson was the principal motive for her involvement with the incident. The prosecution could not present definitive evidence for this claim, as detailed in Davis’s Autobiography, describing the cross-examination of chief prosecutor Albert Harris by the defense on that point. The implication that the four deaths resulting from the action were attributable to the brutality of Jackson and three militant prisoners during that incident was also contested in the cross-examination. Jonathan Jackson, prisoners James McClain and William Christmas, and Judge Haley were shot and killed inside a van by San Quentin guards in line with the policy at that time that all escapes must be prevented, even if the killing of hostages might be involved.

Anna Wexler, Ed.D. ’98
Jamaica Plain, Mass.

Bureau of Study Counsel

We are the five living former directors and associate directors of the Bureau of Study Counsel (BSC), representing nearly a half-century (1971-2019) of the BSC’s existence since its founding in the mid 1940s. We are concerned about the characterizations of the bureau offered as justification for its closing (“Bureau of Study Counsel, R.I.P.”; harvardmag.com/bsc-to-arc-19). We appreciate the magazine’s recognition that something important to students’ educational experience will likely be lost (“A Chill in the Air?” September-October, page 5). In our direct and extensive experiences of the BSC, we know it as an office that is deeply committed to an educational mission and model and that has continuously evolved to support the learning and developmental needs of an ever-changing student population.

The primary mission of the BSC has always been educational. BSC services have helped students sharpen their academic skills (reading, time management, problem-solving) with the broader goal of helping each student develop an independent mind that can, among other things, take thoughtful perspective on sources of knowledge and authority; reckon with complexity and uncertainty; generate and evaluate new possibilities; engage difficult endeavors with rigor and purpose; and weigh choices and consequences against deeply considered values. These capabilities are central to the College’s mission and the aims of a liberal arts and sciences education and are as relevant today as they were in the post-World War II era of the BSC’s founding.

When the College hired a new director in 2005, it expressly reconfirmed the BSC’s mission as an academic support office, not a mental-health service—a clarification that was necessary given that Harvard had moved oversight of the BSC to the University Health Services the previous year (a shift which the BSC counselors at that time cautioned against). In 2015, the staff welcomed the move back to the College as a renewed endorsement of the BSC’s original and continuing focus on learning and development.

During the last few decades, at Harvard and beyond, the term “mental health” has slipped almost unquestioned into everyday parlance and has become overly applied to human experience, including the inherently personal and emotional aspects of education and learning. The best educational/developmental support welcomes the rich complex whole of students’ experience of learning. Although such support—including that offered by the BSC—is appropriately informed by the fields of psychology and neuroscience, it is not mental-health treatment.

Listening closely to students’ experiences of learning has helped the BSC staff identify and bring early attention to emerging educational issues and trends—often long in advance of these becoming College priorities—including diversity, inclusion, and belonging in the University; plagiarism and academic integrity; academic stress and resilience; the role of technology in the college experience; and the value of a holistic approach to learning and development. The BSC has a longstanding record of hiring diverse staff from the fields of education and psychology as well as a history of drawing upon and contributing to evolving models and materials in the field of student learning and development.

For over 70 years the BSC has provided an educational setting in which students from every background have found the practical support, illuminating perspectives, and personal courage needed to engage in transformational learning. We five educators who lived and led two-thirds of the BSC’s long history are grateful to have been a part of such an innovative and inclusive learning service dedicated to promoting the intellectual and ethical development of our students.

Suzanne Renna, Ed.D. ’88
Former associate director and
former acting director

Ann Fleck-Henderson ’64, Ph.D.
Former associate director

Jean Wu, Ed.D. ’84
Former associate director

Abigail Lipson, Ph.D.
Former director

Sheila Reindl ’80, Ed.D. ’95
Former associate director

Climate Change

In an essay on “Climate Change” [President Lawrence S. Bacow’s regular letter to readers, September-October, page 3], it is stated that “The scientific consensus is by now clear:” Convenient, because there is not a word in the article to support this so-called science. Nor is there any mention that carbon dioxide, a small fraction of one-half of 1 percent of the earth’s atmosphere, is essential for plant life, and so for all life on earth—including us. One shudders to think how long life could “flourish” in this academically ideal “decarbonized future.”

Of course, the “scientific consensus” on the structure of the universe was settled by Ptolemy, creation by the Bible, gravity by Newton—until someone like Galileo, or Darwin, or Einstein, with the imagination and courage to challenge consensus, follow-the-crowd thinking came along. One hopes for something better from a major university. Nullius in verba.

William J. Jones, J.D. ’60
Warren, N.J.

Editor’s note: The nearly universal scientific consensus, worldwide and among Harvard experts, is that increased man-made emissions of heat-trapping gases such as carbon dioxide and methane are accelerating the warming of the planet and climate change—as has been scientifically predicted for decades. No one disputes that plants use carbon dioxide. Decarbonization refers to reducing man-made emissions from combusting fossil fuels, burning forests, and so on—not to changing the natural chemistry of the atmosphere. The magazine’s extensive coverage of these issues is searchable online at www.harvardmagazine.com; the president’s letter is about University affairs from his perspective, not an article or a report summarizing the underlying science.

 

I read with admiration and sadness the Undergraduate column by Isa Flores-Jones ’19, who writes of the disempowerment she felt as a climate activist trying, in vain, to convince Harvard to divest its holdings from oil and gas companies before her graduation (“Movement Ecology,” September-October, page 35). As Undergraduate columnist from 1985 to 1987, I well remember the “Divest Now” balloon tethered to my and many classmates’ graduation mortar boards—referring not to the University’s fossil-fuel assets, but to holdings in companies doing business with then-apartheid South Africa.

Then, as now, the Overseers made student activists feel they had no agency. As Flores-Jones describes: they listened politely, acknowledged students’ quaint idealism, and disclaimed any power to change the status quo. Affirmation and moral conviction came, instead, from afar: a graduation-day phone call from Archbishop Desmond Tutu to student movement leaders, assuring them their efforts would matter in the end. And matter they did.

Although the lesson of history is that we don’t learn from history, the denouement of the present divestment story seems particularly obvious. Couldn’t Harvard simply cut to the finish, and show that America’s most powerful institutions can occasionally be leaders rather than laggards?

Claudia Polsky ’87
Associate clinical professor of law
and director, Environmental Law Clinic
UC, Berkeley School of Law

I write to challenge President Bacow’s call for a “decarbonized future.” While all scientists agree that the earth has warmed and is still warming since the end of the Little Ice Age in 1850, there is no “consensus” that anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) is the cause of either past or future warming. See, e.g., www.PetitionProject.org, where 31,487 scientists expressly dispute the “consensus” to which President Bacow erroneously refers. In my view, the current climate-change hysteria is based solely upon the projections of several dozen relatively crude and defective computer climate models. All of those models assume their own conclusion that: current and future anthropogenic CO2 will “cause” the glaciers to melt, the seas to rise, and shorelines to disappear. I liken the scary predictions of those modelers to the Wizard of Oz. President Obama has appropriately disregarded all of that CO2 hysteria and recently purchased his dream home on the immediate shoreline of Martha’s Vineyard Island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. He obviously has no fear of future sea-level rise.

Ten years ago, two distinguished German physicists destroyed the modelers’ unsupported CO2 hypothesis (see “Falsification of the Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse Effects Within the Frame of Physics,” by Gerhard Gerlich and Ralf D. Tscheuschner, Int.J.Mod.Phys.B, vol. 23, no. 3, 2009). Since that time, no physicist at Harvard, or any other institution, has even attempted, much less succeeded, in showing that Gerlich and Tscheuschner’s falsification of the “anthropogenic CO2 warming hypothesis” is scientifically incorrect. Because there is no valid scientific evidence that the “anthropogenic CO2 warming hypothesis” has any basis in physics and/or the real world, there is obviously no need to put the entire world through the unimaginable and impossible task of “decarbonization.”

Don W. Crockett, J.D. ’66
Washington, D.C.

President Bacow in his essay says, “If the future is our genuine concern, we must face up to the stark reality of climate change.” He proceeds to tout Harvard’s “research, education, and engagement” but refers to the reasonable demand that Harvard act on its principles by divesting from its fossil-fuel investments only by noting that the debate about divestment “will no doubt continue.” What is he waiting for? How long can Harvard continue to urge its employees and students to recycle their cups while avoiding taking the ethical step—and showing true leadership among universities—by divesting? And he doesn’t even mention the advocacy for Harvard to divest from its investments in prisons, which are huge parts of a greedy and profoundly racist and classist set of enterprises.

Paula J. Caplan ’69 
Associate, Du Bois Institute, Hutchins Center for 
African and African American Research
Cambridge

Relative to the health of Mother Earth, the question is whether divestment is primarily a moral or a practical issue. Due to insatiable demand, the overuse of fossil fuels may be permanently damaging the planet; consumption is out of control, for political and economic reasons only indirectly related to good and evil. Thus the corruption of the fossil-fuel industry, and whether or not using a plastic toothbrush is morally superior to smoking a cigarette, are both incidental; unchecked consumption is the issue, regardless of the moral character of fossil-fuel sellers who merely supply the market with what it wants. And because they sell to anyone, as far as good and evil are concerned it is their absence of morality that should concern us; cold, mercenary, and devoid of conscience, they bargain with saints and sinners alike. This is what an Exxon share really signifies—a for-profit investment in a ruthless trade that does not trouble itself with delicate matters of conscience, and soils its hands as conditions require.

So the least the apologists for fossil-fuel investment can do is stop patronizing us with their pseudo-moral arguments of convenience—for the sake of intellectual honesty, if nothing else. Otherwise we must take their position for what it is: a timid, unprincipled concession to the raw power of a worldwide behemoth, to which many research universities are now attached like remoras to the back of a whale. And since we are known by the company we keep, we are left with two questions; for what do we stand, and how will we be remembered. Slavery once had its share of ardent defenders who saw positive moral good in it; how long, then, will it take the fossil-fuel apologists to see the bankruptcy of their position for themselves.

Frank Morgan ’73, Ds ’79
Wrightsville, Pa.

In his September message to the Harvard community, President Bacow summarized his concerns on climate change and fossil fuels: Climate change is a crisis…fossil fuels are the problem…We hope to be fossil-fuel free by 2050. 

Is the “We” President Bacow is referring to, to make all buildings of the Harvard community fossil-free by 2050? If so, how would one measure the cost and benefit to the University? Or is “We” referring to a larger entity?

As we debate the extent and location of “Climate Change” problems, we must not forget the Hockey Stick hoax of East Anglia University, which most agree was based on manipulated data. 

On August 8, 2019, there was a United Nations Intergovernmental Panel that announced that global warming was devastating crop production and threatening food shortages. This news was contradicted 20 days later, by a Wall Street Journal article that global crop production is setting new records. 

I would like to see a report by a skilled scientist of the Harvard community evaluate the research done by the petroleum engineer Robert Rapier in his paper, published by Forbes on July 1, 2018, titled “China emits more carbon dioxide then the U.S. and EU Combined.” Rapier’s statistics indicate a substantial growth of global emissions of CO2 between 1990 and 2017 from 11 to 18 billion tons/year. In 1990, free Europe and the U.S. combined emitted 9 billion tons, and in 2017 it dropped to 8 billion tons. During the same period the emissions of CO2 in China increased from 2 to 10 billion tons. 

A question for our Harvard community should be, what is the measure we should be using in defining the dangers of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere?. And what is the view of Professor William Happer of Princeton? 

David Scott ’51, M.B.A. ’53 
Dover, N.H. 

I was disappointed by Mr. Bacow’s column, particularly by his comment that “The scientific consensus is by now clear.”

While periodically scientific consensus may be clear, it is never immutable nor settled. Science is based on observation; and as we continue to observe more and gain more facts, scientific consensus moves on.

The “scientific consensus” was settled that everything revolved around the earth before Galileo. In the Soviet Union, the “scientific consensus” was settled under the Lysenkoist theory that changes to living beings could be passed on genetically. And so on.

I would also observe that “climate change” is and always has been ongoing. As far as I can understand, the earth’s climate has been changing for several million years. It is hard to know what exactly is different right now and why we should suddenly be alarmed about a process that does predate us by the aforementioned several million years and which seems not to have resulted in catastrophe for tens of thousands of years (ever since the last Ice Age.)

I applaud Mr. Bacow’s call for additional research. But the president of Harvard, of all people, should not indulge in unscientific and even anti-scientific appeals to a current consensus.

Tom Neagle, M.B.A. ’72
Fort Mill, S.C.

 Larry Bacow’s climate-change column was the most globally important piece I recall reading in Harvard magazine in decades.

By way of background for this comment, I spent many years studying various fields of science before becoming a Humphrey Fellow at Harvard Business School a lifetime ago. With my M.B.A. degree in hand, I worked as a management consultant for Arthur D. Little Inc., then headed up a similar but smaller firm with a reputation for high-quality consulting work. From this education and experience, through HBS, ADL, and a nearly 40-year-long career, I learned how to sort out the real from the fake, and the important from the trivial. 

Now, as a parent, a grandparent, and someone who cares about other people, I feel obligated to speak up and say that no truer words have been written about climate change and its overarching importance than those in Larry’s column. World-famous scientists who understand climate change, including many at Harvard, shake their heads in sad disbelief at the huge gap between their fact-based concern for our future and the widespread nonchalance of the general public—not to mention the outright denial among some.

Larry’s column provides a welcome and overdue brightening of the glimmers of climate-change light that now emanate from various Harvard schools, including HBS. For that I am grateful. Now it’s time for Harvard, the university that educates leaders who make a difference in the world, to show others the way forward by establishing a University Climate Initiative to put Harvard at the cutting edge of this critical existential issue.

Roger Shamel, M.B.A. ’74
Hillsborough, N.H.

The global warming alarms that sounded late in the last century initially were very troubling. But time was not kind to the alarmists, who have since been discredited: none of their dire forecasts has come to pass. We’ve had no temperature increase at all over the past 20 years, even as atmospheric CO2 concentration continues to rise steadily.

Agreement seems to be emerging among numerous credible scientists that:

  • CO2 probably is not a significant factor in global warming. There certainly is no “consensus” to the contrary, and studies claiming to have found one have been refuted.
  • Warming and cooling cycles occur through natural forces which we can’t control, with solar activity likely being one of the most important.
  • CO2 is a good thing, not a bad thing, and so are fossil fuels. Increased atmospheric CO2 produces many beneficial effects on natural plant and animal environments.

Thus, I was very disappointed to read Harvard president Larry Bacow’s “View From Mass Hall: Climate Change.” He merely parrots the popular media narrative: “…we must face up to the stark reality of climate change. The scientific consensus is by now clear: the threat is real, the potential consequences are grave, and the time to focus on solutions is now.”

Well, no, not really. That is to view climate change from the alarmist extreme of the debate.

Many respected scientists now know better; they offer a more balanced view of things. Future generations may well look back upon the climate change panic as the worst case of mass hysteria since the Church of Rome convulsed over Galileo. Too bad that Harvard’s leadership is following politics, not science, doing little to calm the hysteria or expose the decarbonization mania for the folly that it is.

Robert E. Price, M.B.A. ’71
Franklin, N.C.

Baseball’s Rules

Jacob Sweet’s baseball profile, “All Instincts” (May-June, page 32), states that a batter cannot steal first base. But a batter may attempt to steal first on a wild pitch when there are no on-base runners.

Paul Coran
Rockville, Md.

Jacob Sweet clarifies: This is true in the independent Atlantic League as of July, but not in college baseball or MLB as of press time.

About That Vole

Although I greatly appreciated the article about me (“A New Way of Being in the World,” September-October, page 67), there’s something I would like to clarify. The article ends with a vole who is cornered on my porch by two of my cats. She knows she can’t escape, she believes the end has come, and she covers her eyes with her hands. That part’s okay, but I’ve had some criticism from readers for letting this happen, and the truth (which didn’t appear in the article) is that I didn’t let it happen. I ran toward the cats, shouting at them, they turned to look at me, the vole saw she had a moment to escape, and she dashed away to safety. That’s in the book, and I’d appreciate your publishing this letter so readers won’t think too badly of me.

Elizabeth Marshall Thomas ’54
Peterborough, N.H.

Kudos

Thank you and Nell Porter Brown for the “Explorations and Curiosities” series (Harvard Squared). It’s drawn our attention to all kinds of experiences we would have missed otherwise—just last week we spent a wonderful afternoon at the fascinating Public Health Museum in Tewksbury, which I wouldn’t have known about without Porter Brown’s article in the magazine.

Tara Kelly ’91
Gloucester, Mass.

I enjoyed All in a Day about Worcester (“Purgatory—and Beyond,” Harvard Squared, September-October, page 16N). But I was sorry it did not mention the great Korean restaurant Simjang. The food is outstanding, the staff welcoming; they even hosted a poetry reading where I had a chance to share some of my own dishes of poems about Korea. I hope others discover Simjang, too.

David McCann
Korea Foundation professor of
Korean literature emeritus
Watertown, Mass.

Nell Porter Brown’s feature on “Purgatory—and Beyond” brought me to full attention.

I haven’t thought of Purgatory in Sutton, Massachusetts, for decades. It was a destination for a few summer outings for us kids coming from the heat of the nearby city of Worcester. Although it lacked a swimming hole, the rocks provided entertainment sufficient for an afternoon. Thanks for the photo and for the text which stirred some very good memories, and which in turn inspired the poem I attach.

Station Yourself on the Rock

Purgatory Chasm in Sutton, Mass.—
a geological anomaly—meant
more than that to you and me
(no scientists we at five and seven)
who had come with parents
to picnic a lifetime ago.
Pictures emerge in my mind
of sharp outcroppings of towering rock
intimidating in their seeming leaning
at a cautionary angle that said, Take care,
and we did, climbing that rocky place
named by Puritans as Purgatory
where the soul is cleansed by fire
before coming into the presence of God
enabled to bear the beatific vision
which otherwise it could not, recalling
Moses, hidden in rock and waiting to see
the glory of God pass by, but only
allowed the hindmost parts, as no one
could look on the face of God and live.
As smoke rose up from our charcoal grill—
hot dogs, chips and tonic ready—
we sat at a picnic table and shared
the family meal before God.

Judith Robbins, M.T.S. ’96
Whitefield, Me.

Diversity

Regarding the New York Times Magazine’s cover story on litigation before Judge Burroughs (9/1/19):

While the author sets out to analyze the litigation from the viewpoint of second-generation Asian immigrants, the point I draw from it is quite different. The Harvard admissions process is about diversity for the benefit of the student body, not for the purpose of righting old injustices; it has nothing to do with affirmative action. Harvard may quite properly have a purpose not focused on addressing the harms of historic, institutional racism. One can quite properly argue whether this is the “right” purpose for a private institution or not, but it’s not a federally justiciable issue. 

 William Malone ’58, J.D. ’62
New Canaan, Conn.

 Not White, not Black; Asian. Hispanic.

My son’s high school writes to ask me about his race. There are very few choices and so, I reply, none of them describe the diversity he represents. 

I hesitate to tell the information officer that my son is African American. Yet that’s exactly what he is: his father was born under a tree in the Sahara. His first language was not Arabic dialect but the tribal language of the Saharawi. 

In New Orleans, I think, my son isn’t black. But I’m wrong. He isn’t white. And what else is there? In this town, where people have been mixing for 400 years, the reality of Code Noir and Jim Crow has left lasting divisions. My son came home from day care, at age three, and confided in us that he was glad that his father was not a slave because, as his caregivers had told him, this had been the fate of black people in Louisiana. 

So why do I get it wrong, on the form, and say—because there is no category for my son—white? It is the same box that his young, African-American, English teacher puts him in, ignoring the experience he brings to their reading of African and Asian, Muslim, literatures. But the following year, another English teacher, white and on the verge of retirement, puts him in that other box, the one in which people, no matter how smart they might be, are not seen as competent in English. People with my son’s strange name and curly dark hair. 

Harvard students representing diversity have recently testified about their experience. I applaud them. I did not know what it was like to be “taken for” something, to be projected onto, until I watched my son. 

I worried about my son applying to Harvard with less than perfect scores, less than perfect grades. But he understands something better than I do. He understands that, wherever he is admitted, he will bring needed diversity: intelligence and experience, but also that fact that some people might not have seen him the way I do and also for that reason might not have given him the grade he deserves. And this, too, makes him who he is: “white” or African American, beur or Arab; in the UK, Asian, Muslim; and in Spain, Spanish, like his uncle, and other members of the tribe born before the Sahara was de-colonized.

He checks all the boxes. Why ask me? He knows who he is. 

Felicia McCarren ’82
New Orleans 

Errata

The fourth paragraph of the Vita on suffragist Adella Hunt Logan (September-October, page 54) contained inaccuracies in dating and other details involving Hunt Logan’s interactions with Susan B. Anthony, which were pointed out by Anthony biographer Lynn Sherr. Details appear at harvardmag.com/vita-logan-19. We regret the errors.

The profile of Elizabeth Marshall Thomas (“A New Way of Being in the World,” September-October, page 67) reported that she had “three dogs and three cats”—but one of those dogs is her son’s.

The report on a collection obtained by Radcliffe’s Schlesinger Library (“Revisiting Angela Davis,” September-October, page 44) indicated that Professor Elizabeth Hinton and two graduate students sorted and organized the materials for an exhibition. In fact, their selections for the exhibition were preceded by processing of the materials by Schlesinger staff archivists Jenny Gotwals, Amber Moore, and Jehan Sinclair.

As published, the letter from Robert H. Goldstein (September-October, page 6) omitted a significant word, rendering “my humorously intended comments incomprehensible,” he notes. The letter should have read: “Among certain ethnic groups, the theological question of when life begins is reputed to be answered, ‘On graduation from law school,’” with the italicized word here restored.

 

Letters from our readers
10
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Officer Training Manual For South Africa

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Officer Training Manual For South Africa
          

'Winning the Rugby World Cup is the perfect ending and cherry on top' - Beast Mtawarira

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Rugby World Cup-winning Springbok legend Tendai ‘Beast’ Mtawarira has today announced his retirement from international rugby, following the teams return to South Africa yesterday.

          

Pieter Steph du Toit named World Rugby Player of the Year in Tokyo

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South Africa's World Cup winning back-rower Pieter Steph du Toit has been named World Rugby's Player of the Year at the season-closing awards ceremony in Japan.

          

RWC Final: How the players reacted

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Following South Africa's 32-12 triumph over England in Saturdays World Cup final in Japan, the players from both sides took to social media to reflect on the game.

          

Erasmus gives humble press conference after historic Springbok performance

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South Africa head coach Rassie Erasmus gave a gracious post-match press conference following his side’s triumph over England in the World Cup final.

          

WATCH: Eddie Jones remains upbeat in post-final conference

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England head coach Eddie Jones conceded that South Africa was the better side during Saturday’s World Cup final in a post match press conference in Japan.

          

Kolisi gives emotional speech on behalf of South Africa after final whistle

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Springbok captain Siya Kolisi addressed the current state of South Africa in an emotional speech following his side’s World Cup triumph on Saturday.

          

WATCH: The moment Kolisi lifts the World Cup trophy

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South Africa beat England 32-12 to win their third World Cup title in Yokohama on Saturday.

          

[아프리카] 11월 5일 경제동향, 무디스 11월 첫째주 남아공 ACSA 신용등급 부정적으로 변경 등

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미국 글로벌 금융연구 및 분석기업인 무디스(Moody's)에 따르면 2019년 11월 첫째주 기준 ACSA(Airports Company South Africa)의 신용등급 전망을 안정에서 부정적으로 변경했다.

ACSA는 남아프리카공화국의 공항관리회사로 9개의 국내 공항을 운영 및 관리한다.  동시에 무디스는 ACSA의 장기신용등급은 Baa3 ACSA의 국가 규모 장기신용등급은 Aa1.za 등으로 평가했다. 

 

나이지리아 금융기관인 FSDH(FSDH Merchant Bank Limited)에 따르면 2019년 10월말 기준 대외준비자산은 US$ 405억달러로 전월 418억5200만달러 대비 감소했다.

감소하는 대외준비자산에 대한 우려에도 불구하고 FSDH는 2019년 해외간접투자(FPI)가 2018년에 기록된 122억달러 보다 더 증가할 것으로 예상된다. 

 

남아프리카공화국 레스토랑 및 물류기업인 페이머스 브랜드(Famous Brands)에 따르면 2019년 8월말 마감 기준 6개월동안 온라인 음식배달 주문이 급증 추세를 보이고 있다.

국민들이 식당, 커피숍 등에 가기보다 집에서 온라인 음식배달 주문을 더 많이 하는 것으로 나타났기 때문이다. 또한 캐주얼 다이닝 브랜드 매장보다는 패스트푸드 매장으로 고객의 이동이 급증했다.

 

▲ 페이머스 브랜드(Famous Brands) 홈페이지

 


          

[남아공] 무디스, 11월 ACSA의 신용등급 전망을 안정에서 부정적으로 변경

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미국 글로벌 금융연구 및 분석기업인 무디스(Moody's)에 따르면 2019년 11월 첫째주 기준 ACSA(Airports Company South Africa)의 신용등급 전망을 안정에서 부정적으로 변경했다.

ACSA는 남아프리카공화국의 공항관리회사로 9개의 국내 공항을 운영 및 관리한다. 동시에 무디스는 ACSA의 장기신용등급은 Baa3ACSA의 국가 규모 장기신용등급은 Aa1.za 등으로 평가했다. 

 

ACSA에 대한 신용평가 조치는 남아프리카공화국 정부의 등급이 Baa3로 안정에서 부정으로 변경된 것에 따른다. 
                              
ACSA의 국가신용등급(NSR)은 국내 부채 문제와 발행자 사이의 상대적 신용도 측정수단으로 사용된다. 또한 시장 참여자가 상대적 위험을 보다 잘 구별할 수 있도록 한다. 
 
 

▲ ACSA(Airports Company South Africa) 홈페이지

 

민서연 기자 cadamia9lot@naver.com




          

Rugby Union: World Cup final farewell for Mtawarira as 117-cap Springbok prop retires from Tests

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South Africa's World Cup-winning prop Tendai Mtawarira announces his retirement from international rugby aged 34.
          

Reliance Brands picks Sumeet Yadav to head Hamleys

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WATCH: Sir Richard Branson on the future of business

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Play back the event held in South Africa on Thursday.
          

South African Intelligence Services From Apartheid To Democracy 19482005

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South African Intelligence Services From Apartheid To Democracy 19482005
          

World Cup Winner ‘Kolbe’ Nominated For Top 14 Award

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South Africa’s Rugby World Cup winner Cheslin Kolbe has been shortlisted for the French Top 14 player of the season award, the league announced on Wednesday (Nov 6). Kolbe, 26, who lifted the Webb Ellis Trophy with the Springboks on Saturday, scored six tries in 16 appearances as his side Toulouse lifted the title for […]
          

Ann Bungu reflects on Soweto Marathon

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Collin Matiza Sports Editor THERE is an old saying that goes “No Guts, No Glory”. It is a cliche but it helped promising young Zimbabwean female long-distance runner Anna Bungu in her “voyage to immortality.” She impressed at the Old Mutual Soweto Marathon just outside Johannesburg, South Africa, on Sunday morning. The 23-year-old Bungu was […]
          

Mudariki rallies Cheetahs

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Tadious Manyepo Sports Reporter CHEETAHS star, Hilton Mudariki, has challenged his teammates to guard against complacency if they are to make it to the podium in the Africa Cup this weekend in Johannesburg, South Africa. The 14-team two-day Sevens rugby tournament kicks-off on Friday and the winners will also pick a ticket to the Olympic […]
          

When Opportunity Knocks - YT Mob World Tour 6

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When Opportunity Knocks - YT Mob World Tour 6
The YT Mob World Tour is almost over, as the team hits South Africa and Japan in their search for the next big young talent. Find out which 8 riders punched their ticket to the final showdown at the Mob HQ in Spain. more »
          

This is for you, South Africa: Springboks start trophy tour

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With captain Siya Kolisi telling ordinary South Africans that the victory and the spoils were for them, the Rugby World Cup-winning Springboks started a five-day ...
          

Soweto Gospel Choir - Freedom 2020 NZ Tour

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The Soweto Gospel Choir are bringing their Freedom tour to New Zealand in 2020 in honor of the father of their rainbow nation, Nelson Mandela, and South Africa’s struggle for freedom. Following their most recent ...

Auckland | Wednesday, 18 March 2020


          

Naspers CEO Bob van Dijk to talk about late-stage bets at Disrupt Berlin

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South African internet company Naspers isn’t a particularly well-known name in the startup community. And yet, the company made an early investment in a small Chinese company called… Tencent. Naspers still retains a 31% stake in Tencent that is valued at around $100 billion (with a B). That’s why I’m excited to announce that Naspers […]
          

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Chris Elias - chairman at England star Jonny May's old club, Royal Wootton Bassett - says the profile of the sport has lifted after the Rugby World Cup

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DESPITE watching South Africa deny England a second dose of World Cup glory in Yokohama on Saturday, Chris Elias returned to Wiltshire in rich confidence that rugby has a new first-class nation breaking through the ranks.
          

World: U.S. Agency for International Development Administrator Mark Green's Remarks at a "Celebrating World Humanitarian Day" Event

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Source: US Agency for International Development
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brazil, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Mexico, Myanmar, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, United States of America, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

For Immediate Release
Monday, August 20, 2018 Office of Press Relations
Telephone: +1.202.712.4320 | Email: press@usaid.gov

Center for Strategic and International Studies
Washington, DC
August 20, 2018

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Good morning, everyone. Thank you, Dan, for that kind introduction and thanks to all of you for being here to help mark this very important occasion.

As we begin, as we call it in Congress, I'd like to start with a point of personal privilege. I'd like to take this opportunity this morning to express our sadness over the death of Kofi Annan. He was a giant who has spent his entire life advocating for peace, and the for the protection of humanitarian workers, something that we'll be talking about today. As he so often said, "People, not states, should be at the center of what we do." His passing makes this World Humanitarian Day even more poignant.

This morning, on behalf of USAID, I hope to convey two important messages to all of you. The first is, as Dan was alluding to, relates to the rapidly-evolving nature of humanitarian relief and assistance.

The second, as we mark this day, is simply our deep, deep admiration and gratitude for the many heroes of our humanitarian work. They, and many of you, are truly extraordinary and heroic.

I have to say that before I joined USAID, I didn't really appreciate the scope and range of what it is that we do in our humanitarian work. You can see it in some of the numbers. In 2017, USAID responded to 53 crises in 51 countries. For only the second time in our agency's history, we had six DART teams, Disaster Assistance Response Teams, deployed simultaneously around the world. The first time that happened was the preceding year.

At this very moment, we have pre-positioned resources and experts in just about every part of the world. We have seven emergency stockpiles in places like Djibouti, South Africa, and Malaysia. We have full-time response staff in 30 countries. We have six regional offices and 11 adviser offices, located with partners like the military's combatant commands.

One of my most vivid memories from my first year as Administrator was, essentially, a crash course in how some of this works. One day, during last year's UN General Assembly meetings, we received word of a terrible earthquake, the second one that had struck Mexico City. One evening that week, I was walking down the street between back-to-back dinners with two different mobile phones: one with the White House, one with the DART team leader.

I was dodging pedestrians, I'm sure looking ridiculous, while the disaster professionals were helping me navigate something much more serious: how to rapidly mobilize an emergency response team to Mexico City to help our neighbors to the South respond to its second earthquake in just a few weeks' time.

The government said to us that they'd welcome the assistance of a highly-specialized type of international search and rescue team, something really hard to find, especially in a hurry. But, thanks to the White House, our talented team here in D.C., our network of first responders, and the DOD, we were able to transport and stand up just such a team in Mexico City before breakfast the next morning. I'm honored to be part of a network, which includes many of you, that can make something like that happen.

But, as we gather to mark World Humanitarian Day this year, we have to acknowledge that natural disaster responses no longer epitomizes today's humanitarian work. We still do that, to be sure, and I think we do it well. But, these days, we face vast other challenges all around the world.

Our humanitarian resources are increasingly being deployed, not for storms and quakes and the like, but for man-made disasters, from conflict-driven displacement to tyranny-driven economic collapse.

Our DARTs are more likely to be deployed for those types of crises, and by far, most of our humanitarian assistance dollars are being allocated for those kinds of needs. There's the ongoing tragedy in Syria, a horrific conflict in its seventh year and one of the most complex crises of our time. Over 13 million people, more than 80 percent of the current population, need humanitarian assistance. There's the ongoing struggle in Afghanistan, where 3.3 million people need humanitarian assistance. A recent upturn in violence has claimed 1,700 civilian lives this year alone.

A dozen or so years ago, I travelled to Afghanistan as a congressman. And, in those days, our presence was measured by the tens of thousands of military boots on the ground. These days, we still have some troops there, but our boots on the ground are increasingly humanitarian and development workers, some of whom have been back to work in Afghanistan two, three, and even four times.

Nine hundred aid workers have been killed in Afghanistan in the last decade.

There's South Sudan, the most dangerous place of all for humanitarian workers. Seven million people in South Sudan, including 1 million living on the brink of famine, depend on international assistance just to survive.

Then there are the man-made crises far closer to home. One of the most underreported catastrophes in the world today is what's happening in and around Venezuela. More than 2.3 million Venezuelans have already fled. It's the largest single mass exodus in the history of the Western Hemisphere. And it's ongoing. I saw this first hand when I visited Cucuta, in Colombia, and the Bolivar Bridge last month. Five thousand new migrants enter Colombia each and every day. They're desperately seeking food and emergency medical care. They're seeking survival.

This isn't merely Colombia's challenge. Venezuelans are fleeing to places like Brazil and Ecuador, as we read over the weekend, and northward to the Caribbean. The list of man-made, conflict-caused, and regime-driven humanitarian crises goes on and on. After all, there are roughly 70,000,000 displaced people in the world today.

Since humanitarian needs and crises are changing, we're doing our best our to change and to respond to them, with the best tools and ideas that we can find. We're applying lessons learned over and over again. And we're fostering innovation.

This past February, USAID and our British cousins, DFID, joined in launching the first-ever Humanitarian Grand Challenge. The Grand Challenge mechanism is a way for the world's best thinkers, from organizations large and small, for-profit and non-profit, business, academia, to offer new ideas in helping (inaudible) relief to the most vulnerable, hardest to reach communities in the world.

It's a chance for us to identify and invest in the best and the brightest. We've already received 615 applications from 86 different countries, including a third from women and nearly half from lower and middle income countries. We're excited to see and mobilize the results, and they're due out this fall.

Given how much of our humanitarian response is in conflict zones and fragile states, we're paying more attention than ever to the obstacles and challenges that factions, gangs, militias, and corrupt officials are throwing at relief teams. Case in point. In April of this year, a leading humanitarian agency reported that it had encountered no fewer than 70 checkpoints on the 300-mile trip from Aden to Sanaa, in Yemen. I'm sure those were just helpful citizens offering directions along the way.

But it's the kind of situation that caused us to launch the Strengthening Field Level Capacity on Humanitarian Access and Negotiations program last August.

It's aimed at helping relief team members better understand practical negotiation techniques and safe, effective field-level decision making.

Because there is nothing more important to us, nothing more important to me, than the safety and security of our humanitarian network, that's the area that we're especially focusing on. We must stay ahead of threats and potential threats. So we're supporting organizations dedicated to improving security standards and training for NGO staff. We're modifying our policy so that security, costs for equipment, staff, training and site enhancements can be more easily built into your contracts and grant budgets.

We're investing in new tools to help us map and minimize risk to operations at the most basic level, the level of, for example, moving food from a plane to a truck, to a warehouse and distribution center. But, let's face it: we can take every possible step to minimize risk. We can't make it go away.

And many of you here know that all too well. One of the most inspiring and humbling parts of my job is getting to meet the heroes who know the risks but carry on just because they care.

I saw firsthand, when I visited IDP camps just outside of Raqqa. I heard stories of challenges that humanitarian heroes face each day, as they strive to bring water and food and medical care to those who've been victimized by the years of conflict. With Assad's regime still holding sway in parts of the country, there's no real, legitimate government partner with whom to work. And their path is riddled with unexploded ordinance, which is going off at the rate of, roughly, three dozen per day.

The shelters they sleep in at night shake with the dropping of bombs each and every day. And yet, somehow, because of their commitment to others, they wake up the next morning and they do it all over again. These are the heroes that we hold high this World Humanitarian Day.

People like Iraq's Salam Muhammad. When Anbar and Kirkuk were liberated from ISIS at the end of last year, humanitarians were the first ones on the ground, providing food, water, and medical care. Iraq staff with the U.S.-funded NGO spend their days clearing mines and educating their neighbors about the dangers the ordinance poses.

Salam decided to joint this particular NGO after witnessing several tragedies that left some of his relatives and friends injured, or killed. He was one of the NGO's first recruits in Iraq. Every day is challenging for the de-miners; any accident can be fatal. But Salam and his staff love their jobs and show up for work every day filled with passion because they know what they're doing matters.

There's Jay Nash, a regional adviser who has lived and worked for USAID in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for the past 20 years. The DRC is, as you know, no stranger to aid worker attacks, with 210 people being killed, wounded, or kidnapped since 2000.

In 1999, while visiting a university in the DRC, Jay was ambushed by a mob of students who thought he was a spy for neighboring Rwanda. The mob torched the U.S. embassy vehicle he had been driving, but Jay escaped after a group of brave students made a ring around him, guarding him until they were able to duck him into the girls' dormitory.

Sitting in that dorm, trapped for hours with a mob threatening to break down the doors, Jay said he had one thought: he thought of the children with disabilities that he was helping in his free time. DRC has a higher than average rate of disability. And he thought to himself, if he died in that girls' dorm, who would take care of those kids?

After eight hours, he made a run for it, and he didn't look back. Not only did he stay in DRC working for USAID, in 2001, he started his own NGO called StandProud. It provides treatment and equipment to young people with disabilities, helping them gain dignity, mobility, and independence.

There's Fareed Noori, one of the victims of last month's attack on a government building in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. The blast killed 15 people. Fareed had been working in Afghanistan since 2010 for a USAID partner the International Rescue Committee, as a water, sanitation, and hygiene engineer. As his colleagues noted, whenever there was an emergency, Fareed was the first in the field to help with whatever was needed.

Fareed was in an emergency meeting at the time of the attack. He was killed doing the work of helping others, to which he had committed his life. Fareed leaves behind four children, two girls, two boys, all under the age of 9.

Another victim of that attack was Bakhtawara; it's a pseudonym, a bright and impressive 22-year-old woman. She was working for the International Organization for Migration, another USAID partner. She had married very early and had a child by the age of 16. But, despite being a young mother in a conservative community, she fought for her education and learned English. After school, she knew she wanted to help people. She convinced her family to let her, not just get job, but get a career as a humanitarian.

When her husband was killed in a bombing three years ago, she continued working as a 19-year-old single mother. Her job took her to the very government offices that were often targeted by insurgents. On the day she was killed, she was attending one of the meetings that she had hoped would help her find better ways to deliver aid to people in need. The building was bombed and then overrun with gunfire. She died doing what she focused her life on, helping people build a brighter future.

Extremist insurgents in Afghanistan like to target these workers. There's a special place in hell...

There's the story of the seven aid workers killed in South Sudan in March of this year. They were killed when their car was ambushed along the 185-mile route of the badly rutted roads in South Sudan's remote east. Their vehicle had been labeled as belonging to an NGO right down to the license plates. It didn't matter. Six of the seven worked for a small Sudanese NGO called the Grass Roots Empowerment and Development Organization, GREDO, which is supported by USAID and worked to promote sustainable development at the grassroots level.

Three of the victims were helping to build a youth center. Two taught English. One was also a driver and the father of a newborn. Three were new recruits. Humanitarian heroes, one and all. And there were thousands of others. And I stand in awe of what they do.

Final thoughts. Why do they do it? What causes them to go out and take these risks? I learned the answer, and (inaudible), when I visited Bangladesh and Burma with Secretary Pompeo earlier this year. In Bangladesh, I went to a Cox's Bazaar, and I saw the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya who are barely surviving in that camp.

They are vulnerable to monsoons and cyclones and without the humanitarian workers, life would be very different. It's bad enough already.

And then I went to Burma, and I travelled to an IDP camp near Sittwe. And what I saw there was the most disturbing thing I have ever seen in development. I saw young families trapped. I saw young families unable to go to school and completely dependent upon the emergency food assistance that we provide.

So, those workers take the risks because they are all that is standing between an even worse catastrophe and death in these young people, these victims. Today we celebrate them. Thank you.

MODERATOR: Thank you. (inaudible) I'm also the director of the Humanitarian Agenda, as Dan mentioned, which is what this event is a part of, it's a new partnership as as we have this conversation. Firstly, I want to ask you -- well, one, congratulations; it's been about a year now since you've been appointed, and you've been back one year? So, happy anniversary.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Pretty close. Thank you -- ask my staff.

MODERATOR: (inaudible) We're all very happy that you were chosen to be in this position because, as Dan alluded to, your deep background in international developments. One of the things that you said a lot in this position is talking about, "The purpose of foreign aid is to end the need for its existence." It's one of your key messages that we hear time and time again. So, I want you to elaborate on sort of how that squares with humanitarian assistance. Right? There's a big difference of international developments for, you know, economic growth and being self-reliant. But humanitarian assistance is so often, as you mentioned, driven by tyranny and regimes, and it's about saving lives. So, how do you marry those two?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off you're right. What I've said since the day that I was first announced is that the purpose of our foreign assistance must be ending its need to exist. And what I mean by that is, we should look every day at ways of helping people take on their own challenges. Not because we want to do less or walk away, but because we believe in human dignity, and we believe in the innate desire of everyone -- every individual, every family, every community, every country -- to want to craft their own bright future.

In the area of humanitarian assistance, what I always say is, look, we will always stand with people when crisis strikes because that is who we are, that is in the American DNA. But at the same time we'll also look for ways to foster resilience so that we can help countries and communities withstand future shocks. And we've seen promising results in places like Ethiopia. You mentioned on the food security front, Ethiopia's a country that's had six consecutive years of drought and yet not falling into full famine. And that obviously is about much more than the work we're doing, but I think we're making a difference in helping Ethiopians build their ability to withstand consecutive years of drought.

So, I see the two as fitting very well together, and the other piece to it is, on the humanitarian front, again, we have natural disasters and man-made disasters. The man-made disasters are coming at us fast and furious. It's also about preventing the next generation of crisis and conflict. I'm often asked what it is that keeps me up at night, and what keeps me up at night are our children being born in camps, and growing up in camps, and getting educated in camps. And when, God willing, the walls come down and the gate opens up, the question is, are those young people going to be prepared to take on the challenges of the world? Are they connected to the communities around them?

And so with the humanitarian work that we do in many of these places, it's really aimed towards the future. And so I think it fits in well; it's a longer term of view, but I see them -- really is all going in the same direction.

MODERATOR: I'm actually headed out to Nigeria in a few weeks and doing some research looking at Feed the Future portfolio there, but really looking at the nexus between that humanitarian and development assistance, you know, how that would work in an unstable environment. So, I'm anxious to see what I learn from that as well. You know, the Trump administration has called for reduction, of course, of U.S. foreign assistance, but, regardless of that, the U.S. continues to be -- and dominate as the largest donor worldwide.

When you're talking to your colleagues in this administration, what is it that you talk about in terms of why it's so important for us to sustain this leadership? I mean, I could throw out numbers and I'll do a little bit.

In 2018, the U.S. pledged 29 billion foreign assistance. Five billion of that was dedicated to humanitarian assistance. I was looking this morning at how that compares to others, and, I mean, the UK -we're event twice what they do. So, you know, we're such a leader in this space. Why is that so important? Why should we dedicate American tax dollars or more importantly to cleaning up other people's wars?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off, you're correct; we're far and away the world's humanitarian leader, and, quite frankly, two or three or four of them together don't really add up to what we're doing. We need other countries to do more because, with those challenges that I laid out, those man-made challenges, I don't see an end in sight, quite frankly, in any of them. So, these are open-ended challenges, and while we are proud to be the world's leader, we need others to step up to the plate. I will tell you, what I worry about is, because these man-made disasters, man-made, often regime-driven disasters, because they are open-ended, there's a real risk that it will begin to take up so much of our budget that it threatens our ability to do some of the development investments that we all want to do, including quite frankly, some of the resilience work that we want to do.

So, we do need others to step up to the plate. But in terms of, you know, what I say to the rest of the administration, it's not a hard cell, you know, pushing them to open a door. The administration is very supportive of our humanitarian work; we continue to be the world's leader; that's not going to change. And I think it's really -- the arguments for it fall on a number of different fronts. Number one, this is an expression of American values. This is who we are and always have been. It is a projection of the American spirit, in my view. So, I think that is very much alive and well in the American psyche, in the American DNA.

But secondly, it's in our interest. Just take for a moment the assistance that we're providing to Colombians, supporting Venezuelans who have fled the border, doing the same thing in some other countries. There is great American self-interest in supporting the ability of these communities to withstand this migration, to help afford some of those costs, because the instability that results from not being able to provide support, I think, is an issue, is a diplomatic issue, is a national security issue. And, as you heard me mention, I think particularly what is happening in the Western Hemisphere is completely underreported.

When I was at the Summit of the Americas, I heard from a number of countries, including Caribbean states, that they were starting to feel the presence of Venezuelans fleeing. And while they're all supportive of their neighbors, clearly it's not without a cost. But the same thing is true in many other parts of the world. So, the investments that we make on the humanitarian front are oftentimes in our self-interest. I look at the work that we're doing on the humanitarian front with an eye towards providing a lifeline so that those who've been displaced in parts of the Middle East can return. That's in our interest. That's a stated foreign policy priority. So, you know, yes, there is certainly -- I think the morality that we -- the expression of values that we've always supported. But I also believe it's in our interest and our national security interest.

MODERATOR: And thank you for reminding us in your speech about humanitarian heroes and what World Humanitarian Day is about. You talked about the unfortunate situation that in today's crises a lot of the time aid workers are targeted specifically. So, I want to ask you whether you feel like there's an erosion of international humanitarian law over, you know, that you talked about the evolution of humanitarian assistance. And so as the world gets more and more disorderly, we see more and more protracted conflicts. Do you feel that both governments and non-state actors alike are violating this law, and is there anything that we can or should be doing more I guess, particularly from the donor or U.S. government perspective, to hold them more accountable?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off, we in the U.S. demand adherence to international law, international humanitarian law. So, we demand that unfettered access is provided, for example, in Rakhine, in Northern Rakhine in Burma. So, that's always been important for us. But if you're asking whether some non-state actors like ISIS are breaking international law, yeah. Having been to both Raqqa and Northern Iraq, what has been done there by ISIS is truly evil. There is simply no other word to describe what they've done: the desecration of graves, the desecration of churches, the disappearances of Yazidis. It's staggering and truly evil. Of course they are breaking every standard that we all know.

Yes, it is a challenge to international law; one of the best ways that we can respond is to say that, and to say it often, and to keep coming back to it. Because I do think the American opinion matters. And to say all across the political spectrum here in this country that we stand united and demand adherence to those standards and that what is happening is unacceptable.

MODERATOR: You brought up demanding unfettered access. I want to let our audience know that the Humanitarian Agenda will be going to the capitol this fall, and we're focusing specifically on the issue of humanitarian access. You brought up, of course, in Yemen, that's 70 choke hold points that David Miliband also talked about when he was here in Yemen -- in April on Yemen. I also want to say we're publishing a policy piece on Yemen here at CSIS that will come out this week.

I have many more questions, but I think we'll turn to the audience, so that we can engage them as well. So, if you have a question, please raise your hand. We will take it in rounds of threes, so announce yourself and where you're from. Please keep it concise, and at the end of it, there should be a question mark. So, who has a question? Yes, sir, right over here. Thanks, gentlemen.

QUESTION: I'll ask a real fast question, my name is Rob, I work for USAID, thank you, sir. My question is about the environment, I'm just back from the Congo, where Ebola is happening and I was just in Madagascar where there was a plague outbreak. A lot of the disasters you talked about have an environmental component, and we're doing some in the United States, but some people think we really need to do more, and that's a little bit against maybe some people in the administration, so I would love for you to talk about your thoughts about that.

MODERATOR: Great question. More? Let's do Julie Howard right there.

QUESTION: Thank you. Mr. Administrator, thank you for your comments. Could you comment on the recent story in the Washington Post about the potential pullback of $3 billion in foreign assistance funds and how that may affect our ability to respond to humanitarian as well as the resilience opportunities you described?

MODERATOR: And, Julie, will you introduce yourself for those that don't know you?

QUESTION: Sorry?

MODERATOR: Would you introduce yourself?

QUESTION: Oh, yes, okay. So, I'm a non-resident senior adviser here at CSIS, thank you.

MODERATOR: Julie and I are also going to be travel partners when I go to Nigeria. It's actually Julie that is leading that study. Let's take one more question right back here. Yes, thank you.

QUESTION: Hi, my name's (inaudible) a reporter from Voice of America. There are a number of humanitarian assistance and also food aid to North Korea spended by the United States Government. What are the key principles that all the United States Government providing assistance to North Korea and under which scenario can assistance to North Korea be resumed?

MODERATOR: Thank you.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Sure.

MODERATOR: Easy questions, right?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: On North Korea, simply put, there have been no discussions that I'm aware of regarding assistance into North Korea. I certainly haven't been part of any such discussions.

Secondly, on the pullback, while we haven't received official notification of anything, I've heard of nothing that would change our status as the world's leader in humanitarian assistance. I haven't seen anything. Third, on -- first off, it's interesting that you visited Ebola country and you talked about conservation, because their linked, obviously.

I think that's one of the reasons we've seen the outbreak of Ebola in other formerly, entirely rare diseases in some of the areas where we've seen deforestation and such. What we're trying to do at USAID, many of you are aware, we're developing metrics that are aimed at helping us to better understand a country's capacity and commitment in a number of sectors, and conservation's one of them.

So, we're looking at things like biodiversity and how resources are managed, because we think it's important, and it's something that we hope to be able to incentivize in the future and have conversations around. I have a personal interest in the conservation front and as you know, we recently made some announcements regarding assistance to Colombia and helping them in their natural resource management. So, I think it's an important area that shouldn't be divorced from the rest of development.

We think it is one of those key areas that needs to be assessed and looked at as we help countries, in what we call, as you know, probably ad nauseam as I talk about the journey to self-reliance. One of those areas is, in fact, conservation, biodiversity, and the capacity to manage resources.

MODERATOR: Let's take another round of questions. Raise your hand high. Joel?

QUESTION: Joel (inaudible) from Norwegian Refugee Council, thank you Administrator Green for your excellent remarks. I'm afraid I have to follow up on the rescission question. We're not going to let you off so easily.

What's been reported is that there's going to be a cut of a billion to UN peacekeeping operations, and that has the potential to not only disrupt work in South Sudan and Somalia and the Congo, but it also has the potential to disrupt, through further chaos in refugee flows, neighboring countries that we care about that are our allies, such as Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, and so on.

I guess -- the argument is that, even if USAID itself doesn't lose funding or doesn't lose out through the rescission, the work will lose out, I feel, if this really goes ahead. So, if you could just offer more thought on -- I mean, you said you're pushing on an open door when it comes to international work, and, honestly, it's not always obvious to see that from the outside. Thank you.

MODERATOR: Thanks, Joel. Let's do these two right here in the front, Haley, yep.

QUESTION: Thank you. Hi, good morning. Nicole (inaudible), I'm a senior associate here at CSIS. Thank you, Administrator Green, for your great comments. You mentioned briefly -- you touched on young people and so, given the disproportionate (inaudible) of people in these countries and how often humanitarian crises can disproportionately affect children and young people, can you talk a little bit more about some of the focus that you're keeping in these initiatives and on the work that you're doing to remedy the situation for youth? Thanks.

MODERATOR: Great, and I think there was a question right behind you if there still is, yeah.

QUESTION: Hello, my name is Jessica (inaudible), and I'm a Jeane Kirkpatrick Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. You mention in your remarks about the man-made nature of a lot of the ongoing conflicts, and I was wondering if you could speak to USAID's role not only in providing humanitarian response in that context, but also the active role that the agency is taking in countering and preventing ongoing violent extremism.

MODERATOR: Great question.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: That's a great question. Joel, on the budget front, I really don't have much more that I can provide. Part of it is I'm not attempting to duck, I just literally don't have more, I'd refer you to OMB quite frankly. But again, you know, they is simply looking at the numbers of the last year and what we're doing on the humanitarian front. There is simply no argument that we have backed away from our role as the world's leading humanitarian assistant. Just objectively, we are far and away the largest humanitarian donor.

We're the largest humanitarian donor in Syria; we're the largest humanitarian donor in conflict after conflict. I do think it is fair for all of us to talk about how it is that these resource needs can be met in the future. I don't mean just the immediate future, but the open-ended nature of these conflicts and this instability and this displacement is staggering.

It is what worries me, because these conflicts that we're seeing -- South Sudan; Yemen -- you and I have talked about Yemen a great deal in recent months. It's open-ended, and I do worry about that. I do worry about our ability to meet resource needs and, you know, the world meeting these resource needs. They're significant.

On the question of young people, particularly in displaced settings, we are looking at a number of ways of accelerating crisis situation education, conflict community education. We've received generous support from Congress, along with generous directives from Congress, in the area of education. What we've been trying to do, and Congresswoman Lowey has long been a great leader on this front, is to try to make sure that we are able to prioritize these crisis needs, and I do think that it's a crisis. It does worry me a great deal.

So, we're looking at some of the use of innovative technologies to see if that can help us in these settings, but it is a very focus and as we develop our basic education strategy going forward, I think you'll see a particular focus on those areas, because it is, as you suggest, very important for the future.

In terms of preventing violent extremism, we have, as you know, an important role under the National Security Strategy. We are investing in trying to identify the drivers of violent extremism.

One of my strong beliefs that comes, actually, from my time at International Republican Institute is that we shouldn't jump to conclusions and try to draw global assumptions and lessons. Instead, we need to look at local drivers. Experience shows us that it's often local drivers, community drivers that become flashpoints for extremism. And so, we're certainly investing research there, and some of the preventative tools that are there; from my days as an Ambassador in Tanzania, I often point out that after the terrible bombing, embassy bombing, the work that we did with our Tanzanian partners in the wake of that, to take on some of the drivers of poverty and despair, I believe was an important down payment for preventing violent extremism. So, I'm a big believer in tackling those drivers and tackling that which can lead to despair. So, that will always be a key part of our work.

MODERATOR: Mr. Green, at Davos this year, you talked about the importance of tapping into the creativity of the private sector, and how innovative financing mechanisms and other innovative technologies can really create better development outcomes. In your speech today, you talked about the Humanitarian Grand Challenges. Are there any specific companies or partnerships or technologies that you're most excited about right now. The things that you see that are happening in the field, you've been in in this career -- I mean, you've had a career for decades that are all related to development --

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Don't say decades.

MODERATOR: Okay, sorry -- you're very young. The last year that you've been an administrator, what are the -- what are the cool, new technologies that we should know about, that are out there, that the mainstream audience has no idea how we're delivering (inaudible) humanitarian assistance?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Yeah, I mean, to be honest, there are countless. During global innovation we -- which we had last fall, whenever it was, and I had a chance to walk through the marketplace at the Ronald Reagan Building, and take a look at some of the innovations. Everything from lunchbox-size solar batteries allowing us to power work in refugee and displaced persons camps to some of the weather forecasting stations that are created with 3D printers. You go through there and it's extraordinary. And it fills you with great hope for our ability to reach out and touch more people in more settings than ever before. In the area of financing -- we announced in India last fall, the world's first Development Impact Bond for maternal and child health, and the largest development impact bond of its kind. So, what we did through that is to set outcomes that we needed to see in order to repay the investment, but in terms of the means, we turn the private sector loose.

And in the follow-up conversations that we had, you can see that our partners, some of whom are based here in D.C., were terribly excited. Because for the first time they didn't have us micro-managing each step along the way, but saying, "Look, these are the outcomes that we need, you go get them." And really tapping into the private sector, nonprofit and for-profit. Also, in the area of displaced communities on World Humanitarian Day, the use of biometrics to establish identification of refugees and IDPs as well as some of the digital technologies for delivering resources -- assistance so that recipients have modest purchasing power in surrounding communities, thereby not only providing assistance, not only holding onto human dignity and allowing them to make some decisions, but also providing a tangible benefit to those host communities which are often placing a disproportionate burden by those who are there. So, it -- it's really using business principles, human nature, and I'd like to say there are new technologies, but my kids will tell me very quickly they're old technologies, just new to someone like me. Tapping into these, I think, creates enormous, enormous hope for reaching into places we haven't before.

MODERATOR: I want to continue on that "hope" trend for a minute. So, you know, when you think about the crises, many of which are located in Syria, Yemen, in South Sudan --

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Is that the whole part?

MODERATOR: Now, I know. Well, this is where I'm kind of heading with this. Is there a crisis that you have your eyes on that you do see any reversal in terms of reversal trends, or any progress? Is there a place that you do think we're going to be able to see some positive outcomes in the next -- I should say decade there, because I know it takes time. But is there one that you see not going the wrong direction?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Oh, sure. There are lots of promising stories. I think Ethiopia and Eritrea provide tremendous hope. One of the challenges, again, as an old democracy guy, one of the challenges that I saw was the enabling environment, for civil society and NGOs in a place like Ethiopia, and with the transition to a new government, we're having conversations that we didn't have before, in ways that I think will be very helpful. Also, I think that their willingness to partner with us more and more will help us make some investments in those areas -- in those resilience areas that will not only help Ethiopia and Eritrea, but also, quite frankly, I think will save us money in the long run. So, there are lots of stories like that, I think all around the continent of Africa and elsewhere. But there are -- every hopeful story is replaced by a new challenge. None of these challenges are inevitable, as problems. But they do require us to be innovative. They do require us to be engaged, they do require us to invest up front, and to be innovative in those procuring methods and how we partner. All of those things need to be done if we're going to turn -- either prevent the challenges from becoming crises, or turn problems into solutions.

MODERATOR: Thank you. I lived in Ethiopia for three years, and I have to say it's quite exciting to see the change that's happening there. I'd like to just turn it onto -- are there any more burning questions? No hands are shooting up; let's do one more right here in the front.

QUESTION: Hi, this is Chris (inaudible) with the State Department. Thank you so much for your leadership of USAID and development. I have a question regarding the nexus between humanitarian assistance, you've been mentioning the nexus with conflict development stabilization -- how does humanitarian assistance fit in, or is it just a one piece element that is disassociated from political issues?

MODERATOR: Great, and as you answer that and any other final remarks you'd like to make as well.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Sure. Thank you and again, thanks to all of you. So I think from the National Security Strategy, you see -- also the Stabilization Assistance Review, you see, I think, a clear multi-agency, multi-department approach to many of these challenges. Our relationship with the State Department is as close as it's ever been. I've received nothing but support and affirmation from Secretary Pompeo. We are working, as you know, closely because all of these challenges touch each of us in different ways and we each have different capacities.

You know, I think it's probably never been more clear than in a place like the Burma-Bangladesh crisis. So, you know, when Rohingya in one place their IDPs and when they're in another place, they're refugees, and then of course we all look at that and say, "forget the labels, they're people who we need to help out," and invest in, and so we do. Also, I would say that both State and AID have as close of a working relationship with DoD as we've had in a very long time. As many of you know, we have a couple dozen detailees over at the Pentagon and the Combatant Commands. DoD has made it clear that they don't want to do what we do or State does, and we certainly don't want to do what they do. So, I would think those seamless teams and close communications are helping us. And going back to the budget question, they have to; there's not enough money for duplication. There's not enough money for bureaucracy. We just have to stay in constant communication.

As to (inaudible) final remarks, I really would like to leave off with where my remarks, my opening remarks left off -- or left off. On this World Humanitarian Day, I would ask that we all think of those men and women who are in places in far places in world, in conflict zones, in fragile settings, day after day, delivering emergency medical assistance, food assistance, water and hygiene under the most trying of circumstances, difficult security situations. They do it because they care. They're my heroes. I'm sure they're your heroes. They are patriots. And what a wonderful expression of values and our priorities that with what they're doing each and every day. Thank you.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #3, 10 April 2018

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia

KEY MESSAGES

↗ International prices of wheat and maize rose in March for the third consecutive month and averaged more than 10 percent above their levels in December 2017. Prices were mainly supported by concerns over the impact of prolonged dryness in key-growing areas of the United States of America and Argentina, coupled with strong demand. International rice prices remained relatively stable.

↗ In South America, severe dry weather and strong demand underpinned the domestic prices of grains in key exporting country, Argentina, while the price of yellow maize spiked also in Brazil in March.

↗ In East Africa, in the Sudan, the strong upward surge in prices of coarse grains faltered in March but they remained at record or near-record highs, reflecting the removal of the wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the local currency.

↗ In Southern Africa, in Madagascar, prices of locally-produced and imported rice declined in February from the record highs reached in January with the harvesting of the minor season paddy crop and following an appreciation of the Malagasy Ariary.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #2, 9 March 2018

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

KEY MESSAGES

↗ International prices of wheat and maize increased further in February, mainly supported by weather-related concerns and currency movements. Export price quotations of rice also continued to strengthen, although the increases were capped by subsiding global demand for Indica supplies.

↗ In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, continued to increase in February and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of the wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.

↗ In Southern Africa, in Madagascar, prices of rice hit record highs at the start of the year, as a result of tight supplies following a sharp drop in the 2017 output to a substantially below-average level and a weaker currency.

↗ In West Africa, prices of coarse grains continued to generally increase in February and reached levels above those a year earlier despite the good harvests gathered in late 2017, due to a strong demand for stock replenishment, coupled with localized production shortfalls and insecurity in some areas.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #1, 16 February 2018

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Key messages

  • International prices of wheat and maize were generally firmer in January, supported by weather-related concerns and a weaker US dollar. Export price quotations of rice also strengthened mainly buoyed by renewed Asian demand.

  • In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, rose sharply for the third consecutive month in January and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.

  • In West Africa, prices of coarse grains were at relatively high levels in January, despite the good harvests gathered in late 2017, due to strong demand for stock replenishment and insecurity in some areas.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #11, 11 December 2017

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Key messages

↗ International prices of wheat and maize remained relatively stable in November, reflecting good supply conditions, while export quotations of rice strengthened amid increased buying interest and currency movements.

↗ In East Africa, prices of cereals in November continued to decline in most countries with the ongoing 2017 harvests and were at levels around or below those a year earlier with a few exceptions. By contrast, in the Sudan, prices surged and reached record highs in some markets, mainly underpinned by the sharp depreciation of the Sudanese Pound in the parallel market.

↗ In Central America, after the sharp increases recorded in the previous month, prices of white maize eased in November as market flows returned to normal, after disruption caused by severe rains in the previous month. Good domestic availabilities kept prices at levels below those a year earlier.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #10, 10 November 2017

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Key messages

  • The benchmark US wheat price declined in October mostly because of higher supply prospects while maize quotations firmed due to rain-induced harvest delays. International rice prices strengthened in October, mainly reflecting seasonally tight Japonica and fragrant supplies.

  • In East and West Africa, cereal prices declined in October with the 2017 ongoing or recently-started harvests. However, concerns over crop outputs and civil insecurity kept prices at high levels in some countries, particularly in Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Sudan.

  • In Central America, heavy rains in October led to unseasonal increases in maize and bean prices. They remained, however, at levels well below those a year earlier as a result of adequate domestic supplies, following the overall good outputs in 2016 and the 2017 first season harvests.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #9, 10 October 2017

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Key messages

  • International prices of wheat increased in September mostly because of weather-related concerns, while maize quotations fell further on crop harvest pressure. International rice prices remained generally firm, supported by seasonally tight availabilities of fragrant rice and strong demand for higher quality Indica supplies.

  • In East Africa, prices of cereals remained at levels above those of a year earlier in most countries, particularly in Ethiopia reflecting seasonal tightness amid concerns over the impact of the Fall Armyworm infestation on the main harvest and in South Sudan mainly due to the ongoing conflict.

  • In Asia, prices of rice in Bangladesh increased again in September and reached record highs, with seasonal patterns exacerbated by the reduced 2017 main season output and concerns over the impact of the July-August floods on the second season crop, to be harvested from November.


          

Sunday Morning

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South Africans have been celebrating after their rugby team beat England 32-12 in the world cup final in Japan.
          

Antimicrobial Resistance Factors of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamases Producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Cattle Farms and Raw Beef in North-West Province, South Africa

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Background. Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) producing Enterobacteriaceae cause severe infections in humans which leads to complicated diseases. There is increasing evidence that cattle contribute to the development and spread of multidrug resistant pathogens and this raises public health concern. Despite this, data on the concurrence of ESBL producing pathogens in cattle, especially in the North-West province are rare. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to isolate, identify and characterise ESBL producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae species from cattle faeces and raw beef samples. Results. A total of 151 samples comprising 55 faeces samples and 96 raw beef samples were collected and 259 nonreplicative potential isolates of Enterobacteriaceae were obtained. One hundred and ninety-six isolates were confirmed as E. coli (114; 44%) and K. pneumoniae (82; 32%) species through amplification of uspA and uidA and ntrA gene fragments, respectively. Antimicrobial susceptibility test revealed that large proportions (66.7–100%) of the isolates were resistant to Amoxicillin, Aztreonam, Ceftazidime, Cefotaxime, and Piperacillin and were multidrug resistant isolates. Cluster analysis of antibiotic inhibition zone diameter data revealed close similarities between isolates from different sources or species thus suggested a link in antibiotic exposures. The isolates showing phenotypic resistance against ESBL antimicrobial susceptibility tests were screened for the presence of ESBL gene determinants. It was observed that 53.1% of the isolates harboured ESBL gene determinants. The blaTEM, blaSHV and blaCTX-M genes were detected in E. coli isolates (85.5%, 69.6%, and 58%, respectively) while blaCTX-M and blaOXA were detected in K. pneumoniae (40% and 42.9%, respectively). All the genetically confirmed ESBL producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates were subjected to Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC) PCR analysis. Fingerprinting data revealed great similarities between isolates from different areas and sources which indicates cross-contamination between cattle and beef. Conclusion. This study revealed that cattle and its associated food products, beef in particular, harbour ESBL producing pathogens. And this warrants a need to enforce hygiene measures and to develop other mitigation strategies to minimise the spread of antibiotic resistant pathogens from animals to human.
          

Nigeria Rugby Sevens names squad, arrive South Africa for Olympic Qualifiers

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Coach Bronson Weir today announced the Nigeria Rugby Men’s Sevens squad that will be on duty at the 2019 Rugby Africa Men’s Sevens Tournament in Johannesburg, South Africa. The tournament will be held on the 8th and 9th of November, 2019 at the Bosman Stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa where Fourteen teams will compete: Zimbabwe, […]
          

South Africa: celebrating co-operation between BoE and South African Reserve Bank (SARB)

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Download logo Following a successful 18-month pilot, the BoE Stockbrokers will continue a programme of training and technical co-operation first agreed on 17 April 2018 with the SARB (South African Reserve Bank) until March 2022. This initiative further strengthens the relationship between the two central banks and is part of the UK’s broader efforts to […]
          

“Thank you Springboks, thank you South Africa”

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Download logo Mr Mark Alexander, President of SA Rugby, paid tribute to the Rugby World Cup-winning Springbok squad for their amazing feat in Japan, as well as all of South Africa for supporting the men in green and gold as they reached rugby’s ultimate summit. The Springboks returned home to South Africa on Tuesday and […]
          

South Africa’s first ever blockchain-based property register pilot

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The Centre for Affordable Housing Finance in Africa (CAHF) (HousingFinanceAfrica.org), research consultancy 71point4 and Seso Global have partnered to develop South Africa’s first blockchain-based property register. The pilot study area consists of almost 1 000 properties located in four sites in Makhaza, Khayelitsha. All the properties are Government subsidised properties that have not yet been registered […]
          

Nail Technician - High-end Lodge - Lephalale - HotelJobs.co.za - Lephalale, Limpopo

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Kendrick Recruitment is now seeking a qualified Nail Technician to join a High-end lodge based Spa in the Lephalale region of South Africa.
From HotelJobs.co.za - Wed, 06 Nov 2019 15:12:32 GMT - View all Lephalale, Limpopo jobs
          

Sport24.co.za | Proteas netball and England to do battle in Cape Town

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South Africans still basking in the euphoria of the Springboks' victory now have the three-Test Netball series between the Proteas and England.
          

Sport24.co.za | Wayde, Caster named in SA's Tokyo Olympics preparation squad

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Athletics South Africa has unveiled a 56-member preparation squad for next year's Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan.
          

Kitchen Assistant - Grillados - Laval, QC

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Grillado’s is a casual dining restaurant that focuses on grilling the very best Portuguese chicken with a South African twist. Fluent in French and/or English.
From Indeed - Wed, 16 Oct 2019 04:49:36 GMT - View all Laval, QC jobs
          

Griller - Grillados - Laval, QC

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Grillado’s is a casual dining restaurant that focuses on grilling the very best Portuguese chicken with a South African twist. Fluent in French and English.
From Indeed - Tue, 08 Oct 2019 03:42:11 GMT - View all Laval, QC jobs
          

Waiter/Waitress - Grillados - Laval, QC

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Grillado’s is a casual dining restaurant that focuses on grilling the very best Portuguese chicken with a South African twist. Fluent in French and English.
From Indeed - Tue, 08 Oct 2019 03:41:14 GMT - View all Laval, QC jobs
          

Host/Hostess - Grillados - Laval, QC

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Grillado’s is a casual dining restaurant that focuses on grilling the very best Portuguese chicken with a South African twist. Fluent in French and English.
From Indeed - Tue, 08 Oct 2019 03:40:15 GMT - View all Laval, QC jobs
          

The Mercedes-Benz South Africa Graduate Development Programme (GDP) 2020 - Pretoria - Mercedes-Benz South Africa Ltd - Centurion, ON

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A South African Citizen, or permanent resident of South Africa. The Mercedes-Benz South Africa Graduate Development Programme (GDP) 2020. A copy of your ID.
From Daimler AG - Mon, 04 Nov 2019 22:38:24 GMT - View all Centurion, ON jobs
          

The Mercedes-Benz South Africa Bursary Programme - 2020 Intake (Centurion) - Mercedes-Benz South Africa Ltd - Centurion, ON

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South African Citizens, or permanent residents of South Africa. The Mercedes-Benz South Africa Bursary Programme -. Why a Mercedes-Benz South Africa Bursary?
From Daimler AG - Mon, 04 Nov 2019 10:39:12 GMT - View all Centurion, ON jobs
          

Makhosazana Xaba on Living with Jazz and Poetry with Myesha Jenkins

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Jazzuary FM — Makhosazana Xaba is an anthologist, essayist, short story writer and poet. She has three collections of poetry, these hands (2005 and 2017) Tongues of their Mothers (2008) and The Alkalinity of Bottled Water (Forthcoming in 2019 with Botsotso Publishers) and is an editor of Like the untouchable wind: an anthology of poems (2016). Also forthcoming in 2019 with UKZN Press is an anthology she compiled and edited Our Word, Our Worlds: Writing on Black South African Women Poets, 2000 – 2015.
          

Mary Sibande re-imagines the story of South Africa's domestic workers

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Visit our website to read more www.InsideWorld.com.

Or if you are already subscribed hit this Story Link.
          

This is for you, South Africa: Springboks start trophy tour

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Visit our website to read more www.InsideWorld.com.

Or if you are already subscribed hit this Story Link.
          

Mozambique to appeal South African ruling to set aside extradition of ex-finance minister

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Visit our website to read more www.InsideWorld.com.

Or if you are already subscribed hit this Story Link.
          

Young man city’s 40th homicide victim

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Police have identified the man who was found dead in a south Winnipeg home on Monday night as 20-year-old Rig Debak Moulebou of Winnipeg. Moulebou moved to the city from South Africa and attended high school at Daniel McIntyre Collegiate Institute. He was a well-known and popular football player at the school and won a […]
          

Olympic Dressage: South Africa qualifies dressage team for Olympi

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Olympic Dressage: South Africa qualifies dressage team for Olympic 2020 Games https://blog.olympictickets2020.com/olympic-dressage-south-africa-qualifies-dressage-team-for-olympic-2020-games/ Olympic fans from all over the world are requested to book Olympic 2020 tickets from our online platforms for Olympic Tickets. Olympics Dressage followers can book Olympic Dressage Tickets from our ticketing marketplace exclusively on discounted prices. https://www.olympictickets2020.com/olympic-games-tickets/olympic-dressage-tickets/ #OlympicTickets #Olympic2020Tickets #OlympicDressageTickets #OlympicPackages #OlympicHospitality
          

Enel Green Power starts construction of 280 MW of new wind capacity in South Africa

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- - • The two 140 MW facilities, Karusa and Soetwater, are each expected to generate over 585 GWh annually following completion, which is due by the end of 2021 - • Karusa and Soetwater will involve an investment of over 200 million euros each - • Enel Green Power already operates seven renewable plants in South Africa for an installed capacity of 520 MW and, with Karusa and Soetwater, is now building five wind projects for around 700 MW - - - Enel, through its renewable subsidiary En...

Read the full story at https://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=249542


          

Need a Website to Establish Your Brand or Expand Your Business?

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In today's competitive business world websites are a vital asset, helping businesses to not only establish their brand in the market place creating a trusted brand, but expand their businesses to attract more customers and clients. Websites are also one of the first places a person goes to when they need a product or service. Just think when you need a product or a particular service, how do you find what you are looking for? Websites help to open doors for businesses and create more opportunities to reach more customers and clients, create and build trusting relationships with customers and clients and create more sales. A website will help you: - Establish your brand - Expand your business - Reach more customers and clients - Advertise your products and services - Create additional revenue streams for your business - Gain an edge over competitors - Build an email database for marketing and sales We are a small professional front end web design specialist company situated in Port Elizabeth, South Africa doing big International Projects. We produce high quality websites which always adds incredible value to all our clients and partners. We take care of the entire process from start to finish, to ensure you get a professional, functional website which will add long term value to your business. Websites become valuable long term assets for any business or brand! Our Web Design Packages Consist of: - Domain registration (.co.za / .com) - Lifetime SSL Certificate - Professional, beautiful, functional 5 page website, which includes: Home Page, About Page, Services Page, Contact Page and of course a Blog!) - Content creation (If you don't have any content for your website we'll help you create some amazing content!) - Copy writing - Graphic design - Social media integration (Connecting all your awesome social media accounts) - Mobile responsive - SEO (search engine optimization) package. - Amazing content management system so you can take over your website and run it efficiently once completed. - Web hosting (6 Months web hosting free valued at £33,00 when purchasing a web design package). We currently have an amazing special running for general information websites such as our website, for £550,00! Contact us for more info! Our web hosting services ensure your website is running smoothly and efficiently, providing back-end updates to any plugins once a month. All you have to worry about is creating content for your amazing website, building a trusted relationship with your customers and clients, and make more sales. With our amazing content management system we make running your website, updating your website with news photos or images a breeze! We want your website to be a key to your success! Contact our friendly office to discuss your website! If you live locally we will be happy to set up a meeting with you to discuss your website, or if you live overseas, no problem! Drop us a quick email, here or on our website and we'll arrange a Skype call to discuss your website in detail. (Please note our office is situated in South Africa, we are however undertaking International projects), so please be aware of International call charges should you wish to call. Alternatively pop us an email and we'll arrange a Skype Call! Sooo...what are you waiting for? Contact us to design your website and power your brands online presence. Outer Worldly Designs Our Designs are out of this World! outerworldlydesigns.com
          

Book Review: South African Air Force Fighter Colors: Volume 1 - East African Campaign 1940-1942

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Modi travelling to Brazil next week for BRICS summit

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Modi travelling to Brazil next week for BRICS summit

New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be on a two-day visit to Brasilia, Brazil, to attend the 11th BRICS summit, which has the theme ‘Economic Growth for an Innovative Future’. The BRICS comprises Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Secretary (Economic Relations) in the Ministry of External Affairs T.S. Tirumurti, briefing reporters, said this …

Check out more stories at The Siasat Daily


          

4x4 Rental Cape Town

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Rent a 4x4 vehicle from SAAYMAN CAR AND BAKKIE HIRE and explore South Africa and neighboring countries. All vehicles are diesel for better fuel consumption. Vehicles can be rented fully equipped for camping and over landing or also without any equipment. We can also assist with your travel plans and bookings. For best service and rates please contact the rental office. Tel : +2721-1003064 WhatsApp : +27609850263
          

Xenophobic Violence In South Africa

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NPR's Scott Simon talks with Shenilla Mohamed of Amnesty International about refugees in South Africa who are asking to leave the country because of xenophobic violence.
          

Tejulaw: Best Intellectual Property Rights Lawyer

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Our head office is in Lagos, Nigeria from where we serve the majority of our client's needs. We also have an established network of local representatives in Angola, South Africa, OAPI and ARIPO regions and other Sub-Saharan African countries to ensure that we can provide our clients with services covering the whole of Sub-Saharan Africa. A.A. Tejuoso & Co. is a boutique firm of legal practitioners specializing in Intellectual Property Law (i.e. protection of Patent, Design, Trademark, Copyrights and Domain Names) in Nigeria and Sub-Saharan African countries.. The firm also provides legal services in Corporate & Commercial Law, Energy & Natural Resources Law, Maritime Law and Real Property Law in Nigeria. A.A. Tejuoso & Co. has a committed and diverse team of attorneys and advisors, having a diverse wealth of knowledge and experience in various aspects of Law. All of our work is conducted in a highly efficient, professional and timely manner while at all times operating within approved highest client care standards. Since our inception we have been constantly trying to improve on our services and have accordingly got a pool of skilled professionals and attorneys with vast experience within the industries we serve. We offer unique insight and valuable guidance in advising our clients and in-house legal teams on high-value cases related to these industries. Our culture is defined by the focus and commitment of our attorneys and our professional support staff. It is this dedication that our clients and peers have come to admire and respect. A.A. Tejuoso & Co became fully operational in the year 1997 with the vision to provide world class services in Intellectual Property, Commercial & Corporate Law, Maritime Law, Natural and Energy Resources Law and Real Property Law in Africa. We have attorneys and advisors strategically located in the Sub-Saharan Africa region and hence we are able to promptly deal with any matters that our clients require expert advice and guidance on. A.A Tejuoso and Co. strives to protect our client's Intellectual Property from infringement through tailor-made strategies to take into account the different laws, governmental resources and enforcement mechanisms. We have a committed and diverse team of attorneys with the practical International experience and the know-how to enforce your right as an Intellectual Property owner. Contact Us: LONDON OFFICE AA Tejuoso & Co 1 Harley Street London W1G 9QD Tel: +44 (0) 20 7935 1737 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7935 9433 Email: lawyer@tejulaw.com NIGERIAN OFFICE AA Tejuoso & Co. The Royal Chambers 23/29 Abibu Oki Street P.O. Box: 8842, Lagos, Nigeria Tel: +234 1 264 3024 Fax: +234 1 264 3025 Fax/Tel: +234 1 266 4882 Email: lawyer@tejulaw.com
          

TripAdvisor announces 2019 Top 10 Travellers’ Choice Awards ‘Best Fine Dining Restaurants’ in South Africa, La Colombe makes a meal of it!

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It amuses me how much weight La Colombe places on the TripAdvisor Travellers’ Choice Awards, clearly because it is the only awards ranking in which it comes first, and in which it beats its arch enemy The Test Kitchen, despite most serious restaurant diners knowing how questionable a TripAdvisor rating, and therefore this Award ranking, […]
          

Electrical Site Supervisor

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Rosstone Professional Solutions - South Africa - Reference: Ros000148-TDW-2 We are looking for an experienced Electrical Site Supervisor... from the Mining Industry Minimum educational level: National Diploma in Electrical Engineering...
          

Senior Engineer: Electrical

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Rosstone Professional Solutions - South Africa - Reference: Ros000033-TDW-1 We are looking for an experienced Electrical Engineer... Electrical Engineering and B Tech Electrical Engineering with work experience in the Coal Mining...
          

Sales Manager - Electrical

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Tech-Pro - South Africa - Manager with the drive to push sales and boundaries within their Electrical division. The...’ experience in Business Management An Electrical Background is absolutely neccessary Experience in...
          

AFRICA SCIENCE LEADERSHIP PROGRAMME (ASLP) FROM FUTURE AFRICA AT PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA. Deadline : 20th December 2019

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AFRICA SCIENCE LEADERSHIP PROGRAMME (ASLP) FROM FUTURE AFRICA AT PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA. Deadline : 20th December 2019


Download the call

Africa Science Leadership Programme (ASLP)
Call for applicants 2020

Background
The speed and quality of the development of science capacity in Africa and the rest of the developing world depends not only on infrastructure and the technical training of people, but is intimately linked to the quality of leadership to lead change. It is widely accepted that the future of scientific development lies in enabling interdisciplinary, interconnected and often large, international teams. Training structures are, however, often not set up to prepare a next generation of scientists for the complexities that an interconnected, interdisciplinary approach to science entails. There is an internationally emerging paradigm that recognizes that the focus on individual leadership is often inadequate to address complex challenges, which require skills across many sectors and collaborative processes. The ASLP will therefore focus on developing collective leadership skills that will help fellows contribute to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Overview of the Programme
The ASLP is an initiative of the University of Pretoria in partnership with the Global Young Academy, funded by the Robert Bosch Stiftung. It serves early- to mid-career researchers in basic and applied science, engineering, social sciences, arts and the humanities. The programme aims to grow mid-career African academics in the areas of thought leadership, team development, engagement and collaboration, with the intention of enabling them to solve the complex issues that face both Africa and the global community.

The leadership programme:

  • Identifies early- to mid-career academics who have demonstrated leadership potential and an interest in developing key leadership skills
  • Supports them to apply the acquired skills to projects that are relevant to the academic development on the continent and its impact on society
  • Creates a network of academic leaders on the continent, spanning not only across countries, but also across disciplinary boundaries
  • Advances a curriculum for academic leadership development, which can be utilised in institutions in Africa and beyond.

 

 

Programme Structure
The programme will use a highly interactive approach to training, application of skills to a leadership project, peer support, and mentorship. Fellows will attend an initial 5 day, intensive on-site programme in Pretoria, South Africa from 20-25 March 2020 (departing on the 26th). The process will involve an approach that cycles between theory, application and reflection. Participants will be challenged to work collaboratively to design initiatives that advance a new paradigm for African science.

The training will cover:

  • Core elements of collective leadership
  • Creative and systems thinking
  • Development of effective networks
  • Stakeholder engagement for change
  • Maximising the efficiency and impact of collaborative efforts
  • Advanced dialogue and communication skills
  • Effective problem solving and decision making

Following the first training week, fellows will apply their skills to a project relevant to their context and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As described above, projects will aim to contribute to a new paradigm for Africa science. During the year, participants will continue to engage with the group and have access to professional support. The costs incurred during the workshop (training, relevant travel, meals and accommodation) will be covered by the programme. In March 2020, fellows will complete their projects and present them at the second in-person training, which will consist of 3 days.

Expected commitment
The ASLP is seeking candidates who are committed to developing leadership in Africa. The training itself requires the time commitment of the two multi-day training sessions. Furthermore, fellows will be expected to develop their leadership project and engage with other fellows for peer support.

There will be some costs, which are not covered by the programme, such as visas, vaccinations or local transport expenses, for which you may need to seek support from your local institution or fund personally. You will also be required to provide us with your personal travel insurance details as a condition of participation.

Selection criteria and application process
To be selected, applicants need to display a compelling vision of their future involvement in the development of research projects, programmes, human capacity, specific policies or societal structures. The selection process will consider individual qualities but also focus on ensuring a diversity of culture, subject background (Natural and Social Sciences, Humanities) and gender among the fellows. Where possible the programme will also attempt to create small ‘cores’ of leadership; multiple strong applicants from the same centre or country will thus be considered.

The following criteria are used as a guide for the nomination and selection of fellows:

  • A PhD degree or equivalent qualification;
  • A faculty or a continuing research position at a research institution;
  • Active in research and teaching at an African institution of higher education or research;
  • A sustained record of outstanding scientific outputs;
  • Interest in translating and communicating the results of their work for impact in society;
  • Demonstrated leadership ability in research and beyond;
  • Interest in the role of research in addressing complex issues affecting society;
  • Interest in collaborations across disciplines and sectors (e.g. industry, government, etc.);
  • Commitment to participate in all the activities of the fellowship; and
  • Intent to share what is learned in the programme with their broader networks.

All applicants have to provide two support letters by academic referees (details are provided in the application form). One of the two referees has to commit to be involved in future communications and mentorship in case of selection of the applicant into the programme. This referee will be informed about the progress of the fellow and should be willing to support the fellow if he or she requires it.
All applications will be reviewed and shortlisted by representatives of the University of Pretoria, the Global Young Academy, national young academies, and ASLP Management. The ASLP Management team will make the final selection of candidates.

Key dates:

20 December 2019 Applications close
01 February 2020 Outcome letters sent to applicants
19 March 2020 Arrival of fellows, to begin training on the 20th

 

CLICK HERE TO APPLY\

 

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The post AFRICA SCIENCE LEADERSHIP PROGRAMME (ASLP) FROM FUTURE AFRICA AT PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA. Deadline : 20th December 2019 appeared first on mucuruzi.com.


          

Student Academic Support Program Coordinator - Teaching and Learning Centre - REF: 2019/11/VD10

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University of Zululand - South Africa - modern day higher education student, that among others include: the First Year Experience... total student in the context of his/her physical, physiological, psychological and socio...
          

40% REDUCED PRICE * RAF100 PRINT NOW ONLY £12

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******** FEATURE YOURSELF IN THE RAF 100 CENTENARY PRINT "FUSION OF FLIGHT" ******** Following on from the launch of the new 'Fusion Of Flight’ print in the summer, it is now available as a personalised print as well. Any family members or friends can now actually feature in the print alongside Douglas Bader. All that is required is a good passport sized facial photo of the chosen recipient, which can be emailed to me. From this the person will be put into the flying kit of the era, then pencil sketched into the print. Additionally the gold lettering under the persons image can include what wording you like within the confines and scale of the print. Sample shown here is featuring ME to give an indication of the final image print. In recent weeks clients have had the print printed out at A2 size even though I designed the print at A3, having seen a few examples from clients the print out in this size I can confirm quality is very very good and have uploaded the print to a few professional online printers to confirm that the clarity and quality is excellent and as I had envisaged. 'FUSION OF FLIGHT' ORIGINAL PRINT & PERSONALISED VERSIONS ARE NOW ON SPECIAL OFFER WITH A 40% REDUCTION OFF THE RETAIL PRICE. PRICE NOW IS £12.00 ONLY FOR EITHER VARIANT. Please see testimonials below. MAKES FOR A UNIQUE GIFT FOR ANY SPECIAL OCCASION * (available worldwide as it is a digital delivery item) * ENDORSEMENTS: Many thanks to all the recipients who kindly gave me permission to use their endorsed quotes here. Mr. JOHN BATESON, Alicedale South Africa. The print is excellent. I do know that Robert is planning to enlarge and display the print in his personal, ‘War Room’, of memorabilia. NEVILLE HUBBERT (pictured in main photo) The picture was such a nice surprise as it was a present for my 90th birthday from the family. I was really pleased with my 100 years of the RAF picture because all the planes featured are so iconic and loved by everyone. Many thanks. ELSPETH LAX, daughter of Wing Commander Bernard Lax MBE. 58 & 502 Squadrons The 100 Years of the RAF is very special to us, as a family. Dad and I gave my cousin three prints you produced, the one that features Dad he will always treasure. The most recent one you designed of the RAF 100 years Centenary featuring Dad is incredible and everyone will want one that they can own that can be personalised for them. It really is outstanding. Thank you for everything!! ALAN MICKLEY, Boston Lincs. (Bomber County) Got my copy via a flash drive,took it to a print shop in Spalding earlier this year, where they printed me a lovely copy, A2 size and its brilliant.Thank you David Bloor, it’s fantastic. SHEILA PITT, Hanley, STOKE-ON-TRENT I have printed your lovely picture and it looks really superb, the colours are so vibrant - the whole picture looks absolutely stunning !! *** PLEASE CHECK OUT WEBSITE TESTIMONIALS FOR QUALITY OF WORK THAT YOU WILL RECEIVE ***.... www.imaginationink.co.uk 'FUSION OF FLIGHT' ORIGINAL PRINT & PERSONALISED VERSIONS ARE NOW ON SPECIAL OFFER WITH A 40% REDUCTION OFF THE RETAIL PRICE. PRICE NOW IS £12.00 ONLY FOR EITHER VARIANT. Payment is to be via PayPal. Detail specifics are the same as the original ‘Fusion Of Flight’. Print size is A3 in full colour (29.7 cms x 42.0cms) can be printed out at A3 & A2 sizes. For those wishing to purchase this print; the final image comes in a larger resolution than shown here with greater clarity and more defined in colour, minus the watermark. (The print ‘FUSION OF FLIGHT’ still comes with a copyright so commercial usage and re-selling is strictly prohibited). Supply of the print is by DIGITAL DELIVERY ONLY, direct from me, saving on costs and giving people the option of the choice of using their own means of printing method (Home, high street, or professional online). NOTE: For those unfamiliar with digital download the process is as follows once payment has been received with required photo:- 1. The art file containing ‘FUSION OF FLIGHT’ will be sent via email to your email address 2. Once received in your INBOX the file can then be saved to your computer/laptop/device. (Please make sure you are saving the actual print file and not a snapshot image.) 3. The file can then be uploaded to any online printing company or saved to any memory stick/copying device and taken to any High Street Store/Mall for printing. 4. Please be aware the copyright belongs to me via www.imaginationink.co.uk THANK YOU.
          

Event Update For 2019-11-04

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The seas, lakes and oceans are now pluming deadly hydrogen sulfide and suffocating methane. Hydrogen sulfide is a highly toxic water-soluble heavier-than-air gas and will accumulate in low-lying areas. Methane is slightly more buoyant than normal air and so will be all around, but will tend to contaminate our atmosphere from the top down. These gases are sickening and killing oxygen-using life all around the world, including human life, as our atmosphere is increasingly poisoned. Because both gases are highly flammable and because our entire civilization is built around fire and flammable fuels, this is leading to more fires and explosions. This is an extinction level event and will likely decimate both the biosphere and human population and it is debatable whether humankind can survive this event.




A. More fires and more explosions, especially along the coasts, but everywhere generally.
B. Many more animal die-offs, of all kinds, and especially oceanic species.
C. More multiples of people will be found dead in their homes, as if they'd dropped dead.
D. More corpses found in low-lying areas, all over the world.
E. More unusual vehicular accidents.
F. Improved unemployment numbers as people die off.




Category: Fires And Explosions

2019-11-04 - Car goes up in flames at 7:10 AM and kills person near Salthouse Mills Industrial Estate in coastal Barrow-in-Furness (Britain):
http://www.nwemail.co.uk/news/18016526.update-investigation-body-found-barrow-car-fire/
http://www.nwemail.co.uk/news/18015350.mystery-surrounds-discovery-body-found-car-fire-near-salthouse-mills/

Note: Here's a Google Maps link of the area...

2019-11-04 - Mysterious explosion shakes homes in Athens (Oregon):
http://www.eastoregonian.com/news/local/loud-boom-jolts-athena-residents/article_ca106278-ff55-11e9-b766-9ffc84dde4b0.html

2019-11-04 - Passenger plane hit by smoke, plane makes emergency landing at Logan Airport in coastal Boston (Massachusetts):
http://www.wcvb.com/article/smoke-in-cockpit-forces-flight-to-make-emergency-landing-at-logan/29689253
http://www.wcvb.com/article/delta-plane-makes-emergency-landing-at-logan-after-reports-of-smoke/29689372
http://news.yahoo.com/delta-plane-makes-emergency-landing-210401912.html

Quote: "The airline said flight attendants noticed some hazy smoke in the cockpit of Flight 6092, so the Embraer 175 aircraft turned back."

2019-11-04 - Passenger plane hit by smoke, plane makes emergency landing in coastal Newark (New Jersey):
http://www.nbcphiladelphia.com/news/local/United-Airlines-Emergency-Landing-Newark-Airport-564342481.html
http://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/United-Airlines-Emergency-Landing-Newark-Airport-564342481.html
http://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/nation/florida-bound-flight-makes-emergency-landing-in-new-jersey/
http://pix11.com/2019/11/04/united-flight-makes-emergency-landing-at-newark-airport-after-smoke-in-cockpit-faa/
http://www.nj.com/news/2019/11/united-flight-forced-to-return-to-newark-due-to-odor-of-smoke.html
http://miami.cbslocal.com/2019/11/04/florida-bound-flight-makes-emergency-landing-in-new-jersey/
http://patch.com/new-jersey/newarknj/emergency-landing-newark-airport-smoke-odors-reported

Quote: "'The crew returned to Newark after it declared an emergency due to a report of smoke in the cockpit. No injuries were reported,' the FAA said in a statement."

Note: These are the 139th and 140th aircraft to smoke/burn/explode in 2019...

2019-11-04 - Electrical substation damaged by fire in Kettering (Ohio):
http://www.msn.com/en-us/autos/news/fire-dpandl-substation-in-kettering/vp-AAJOIJP
http://dayton247now.com/news/local/dpl-reports-power-outage-in-kettering
http://www.whio.com/news/local/fire-substation-kettering-causes-nearly-23k-power-outages/KAmOiWh3ihZgMh0NIFXV6O/
http://www.dayton.com/news/local/fire-substation-kettering-causes-nearly-23k-power-outages/KAmOiWh3ihZgMh0NIFXV6O/
http://www.whio.com/news/businesses-the-dark-after-substation-fire-kettering/ZF8shAuEg2pCtDEvvOxI5K/

2019-11-04 - Steel recycling center goes up in flames in Lockwood (Montana):
http://billingsgazette.com/news/local/injured-in-pacific-recycling-building-fire-in-lockwood/article_580645d4-dc79-5cdb-92d2-7322ec87cbe2.html
http://www.ktvq.com/firefighters-battle-blaze-at-lockwood-pacific-recycling
http://www.kxlf.com/firefighters-battle-blaze-at-lockwood-pacific-recycling
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8oPpMGFl9Ng

Quote: "A fire at the Pacific Steel and Recycling facility in Lockwood on Monday afternoon torched a building and specialized equipment, likely causing more than $1 million in damage."

Quote: "The main part of the fire appears to have been in a part of the facility for sorting metal, Staley said."

2019-11-04 - Landfill fire breaks out on Kiefer Boulevard in Sacramento (California):
http://fox40.com/2019/11/04/people-told-to-stay-inside-as-crews-battle-fire-at-sacramento-county-landfill/
http://twitter.com/metrofirepio/status/1191586655133560832

2019-11-04 - Recycling plant fire breaks out on Imeson Road in coastal Jacksonville (Florida):
http://www.actionnewsjax.com/news/local/jfrd-fire-at-recycling-plant-in-jacksonville/1004896492




2019-11-04 - Brush fire breaks out and threatens Spring Creek Elementary School in Edmond (Oklahoma):
http://www.koco.com/article/deer-creek-school-evacuated-due-to-grass-fire-officials-say/29688513

2019-11-04 - Barge explodes and burns on the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal in Lemont (Illinois):
http://www.theherald-news.com/2019/11/04/fire-chief-lemont-fire-crews-respond-to-barge-explosion-on-chicago-sanitary-and-ship-canal/a9j6qwo/
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-lemont-barge-fire-20191104-yj4bngrpfvbbfbqg3fqe5ygf7a-story.html
http://chicago.suntimes.com/news/2019/11/4/20948564/lemont-barge-explosion-chicago-sanitary-ship-canal-acetone
http://patch.com/illinois/lemont/barge-propane-tanks-fire-explosion-heard-residents

2019-11-04 - Boat bursts into flame in coastal Besiktas (Turkey):
http://itfaiye.ibb.gov.tr/en/news/10859/boat-fire-in-besiktas.html

Note: These are the 910th and 911th boats/ships to burn/explode in 2019...

2019-11-04 - Passenger bus bursts into flame on I-275 in coastal Tampa (Florida):
http://www.fox13news.com/news/no-injuries-in-i-275-bus-fire
http://www.wfla.com/news/bus-catches-fire-blocks-southbound-lanes-of-i-275/
http://www.wfla.com/news/traffic/bus-catches-fire-blocks-southbound-lanes-of-i-275/

Note: This is the 539th bus to burn in 2019...

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame in the wee hours on State Road 429 in Orange County (Florida):
http://www.clickorlando.com/traffic/hope-it-wasnt-popeyes-big-rig-hauling-chicken-catches-fire
http://www.fox35orlando.com/news/northbound-florida-turnpike-near-winter-garden-partially-reopens-after-vehicle-fire
http://twitter.com/OCFireRescue/status/1191347330580172801

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame on Highway 1 near coastal Santa Cruz (California):
http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/2019/11/04/semi-truck-fire-briefly-closes-highway-1/

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame on I-15 near Malad (Idaho):
http://www.idahostatejournal.com/news/local/semi-fire-blocking-interstate-near-malad/article_1ef54b79-cb7a-54fe-a90b-fbd494a0fd2c.html
http://www.am-news.com/news/vehicle-fire-near-malad-summit/image_0464b976-ff63-11e9-a601-b30268d2b24b.html
http://snewsi.com/id/19499610829/Semi-fire-blocking-Interstate-15-near-Malad

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame at feed store on Sainte Genevieve Avenue in Farmington (Missouri):
http://dailyjournalonline.com/gallery/monday-truck-fire/collection_892946db-317d-5748-909e-536589336075.html

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame on I-78 near Hellertown (Pennsylvania):
http://www.mcall.com/news/local/mc-nws-78-closed-hellertown-vehicle-fire-20191105-ckq3hsllhjbsjp5wiklnhy4mri-story.html

Quote: "All lanes of Interstate 78 are reopened near the Hellertown exit after an earlier tractor-trailer fire in the westbound lanes, according to reports."

2019-11-04 - Tractor bursts into flame on Benhar Road near Balclutha (New Zealand):
http://www.odt.co.nz/regions/south-otago/fire-calls-scrub-and-tractor

2019-11-04 - Tractor trailer bursts into flame on the B6050 in Eastmoor (Britain):
http://www.peakfm.co.uk/news/local/firefighters-tackle-hgv-blaze-in-eastmoor/

2019-11-04 - Tractor bursts into flame in Venn Ottery, Devon (Britain):
http://www.dsfire.gov.uk/News/Newsdesk/IncidentDetail.cfm?IncidentID=51292&siteCategoryId=3&T1ID=26&T2ID=41
http://eastdevonnews.co.uk/2019/11/04/accidental-fire-destroys-tractor-and-damages-trailer/
http://www.sidmouthherald.co.uk/news/tractor-completely-destroyed-after-catching-fire-1-6357537

Note: These are the 1937th, 1938th, 1939th, 1940th, 1941st, 1942nd, 1943rd and 1944th tractors/tankers/semis to burn/explode in 2019...

2019-11-04 - Garbage truck bursts into flame on M-60 just west of Reynolds Road in Spring Arbor Township (Michigan):
http://www.mlive.com/galleries/WYKRLLO7KRGBFGE5W3K6TUTTHU/

2019-11-04 - Heavy truck bursts into flame on the M5 near Clevedon (Britain):
http://www.bristolpost.co.uk/news/bristol-news/live-m5-traffic-fire-clevedon-3498733
http://www.somersetlive.co.uk/news/somerset-news/m5-traffic-live-one-lane-3498490
http://www.somersetlive.co.uk/news/somerset-news/m5-traffic-live-pictures-show-3498638

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame while parked at home, fire spreads to home, on Edgemont Drive in Huntsville (Alabama):
http://www.rocketcitynow.com/news/top-stories/fire-destroys-car-and-spreads-to-home-on-edgemont-drive/
http://www.waff.com/2019/11/04/firefighters-battling-structure-fire-northeast-huntsville/
http://www.waaytv.com/content/news/Huntsville-emergency-crews-responding-to-structure-fire-on-Edgemont-Drive-NW-564369011.html
http://www.waff.com/video/2019/11/05/car-fire-damages-northeast-huntsville-home/

Quote: "Huntsville firefighters responded to a structure fire on Edgemont Drive Monday afternoon. The fire started inside of a parked car. The cause of the fire is not known at this time."

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame on street, man jumps out, in Hanover (Massachusetts):
http://959watd.com/blog/2019/11/hanover-man-jumps-from-vehicle-on-fire/

Quote: "A little after 2:00 PM, a man was driving a car that caught fire and wouldn’t stop, forcing him to jump from the moving vehicle."

2019-11-04 - Car bursts into flame on State Highway 1 in coastal Auckland (New Zealand):
http://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/car-fire-nea