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Structural Indicators for Monitoring Education and Training Systems in Europe – 2019: Overview of major reforms since 2015

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The Eurydice report contains more than 35 updated structural indicators on education policies for the 2018/19 school/academic year in six policy areas: early childhood education and care (ECEC), achievement in basic skills, early leaving from education and training (ELET), higher education, graduate employability and learning mobility. It additionally provides a short overview of the major reforms since the start of the 2014/15 school/academic year in the said policy areas. The indicators provide information on the national policies and structures that contribute to achieving the  benchmarks  set  in  the strategic  framework  for  European  cooperation  in  education  and  training ('ET2020'). EU  and  Member  States’  performance  on  the  ET2020  benchmarks  are  analysed  in  detail  in the European Commission's Education and Training Monitor.The Eurydice project on Structural Indicators for Monitoring Education and Training Systems in Europe contributes to the contextual informationforthis  analysis.  It  provides  yearly  data  since  2015,  which  illustrate  the  main  policy  developments  in education and training systems across Europe. The 2019 update of the structural indicators covers all EU Member States, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey. (Summary: Eurodyce, DIPF author)
          

Camelot_Club: Современная модная Норвегия

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Национальная одежда (а главное, отношение к ней) может многое поведать об истории страны. Историки моды обычно совмещают любовь к народному костюму с всплеском национализмом. И, как правило, история, и не только история моды доказывает этот факт. Видимо, надев на себя нечто отличительное, человек глубже ощущает себя частью общества, носящего тоже самое. Но в конце концов все люди носят брюки, рубашки, юбки не зависимо от того, какой узор на них вышит. Вероятно поэтому ярая приверженность к национальной одежде как-то постепенно спала на нет... но не у всех народов.

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Наследный принц , принцесса Метте-Марит, старший сын принцессы и два наследника престола

Осталась а Европе такая удивительная страна Норвегия, в которой ее юные жители в день конфирмации предпочитают получить в подарок национальный костюм (bunad).
Нельзя сказать, чтобы традиция ношения национального костюма была уникальной норвежской «находкой». Так национальные костюмы носят по торжественным случаям и в соседней Швеции, но там лишь 10% шведок имеют «бюнад» в своем шкафу. В Норвегии же бюнады стали почти универсальной одеждой для абсолютно всех праздников — от 17 (День Конституции) мая до свадьбы и крестин.

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Здесь нужно внести небольшую историческую справку. Возможно, Норвегия пережила свой расцвет в период викингов, державших в страхе все окрестные страны и делающих набеги даже на далеко расположенные государства. Позже, чтобы противостоять экспансии немецких государств в 1398 г. была основана датско-шведско-норвежская уния, возглавляемая датским королем. Далее следовала череда войн, в результате которых Норвегия оказывалась включенной в состав то Дании, то Швеции, и долгожданную независимость приобрела только в 1905-м году.

Даже сегодня в Норвегии два официальных языка — bokmal (букмол, «книжный») и nynorsk (нюношк, «новый норвежский»). Букмол представляет из себя практически датский язык, новонорвежский основан на сохранившихся местных диалектах. Хотя оба языка являются официальными, нюношк используют всего 10-12 % населения. Таков результат многовекового датского влияния.

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Норвежский художник Ханс даль


Поэтому становится понятно, почему норвежцы с такой страстью и рвением создавали и развивали все, связанное с национальным, самобытным, традиционным.
В середине XIX века сложилось направление, получившее название национального романтизма. Для последователей этого направления важным было выделение национальных особенностей, их возвеличивание и приукрашивание. В Норвегии особенно подчеркивалась красота природы, а крестьянский уклад считался «типично норвежским» укладом жизни.
Национальный романтизм находил свое выражение и в литературе, и в изобразительном искусстве, и в музыке,... и в одежде.

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Норвежский художник Axel Ender

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Норвежский художник Axel Ender

Именно в это время и появился бюнад, нарядная национальная одежда, имеющая старинные корни, и измененная в соответствии с новыми течениями.
17 мая в Норвегии — День Конституции, это не только самый главный, самый любимый, но и самый нарядный народный праздник!

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Самое красивое в этой истории, это то, что бюнад, как и диалект, признак принадлежности к малой родине — его не меняют, а перевозят с собой на место учёбы или работы. Поэтому в любом уголке этой вытянутой вдоль моря страны, на 17 мая вы увидите бюнады с севера и с юга, из горных районов и с побережья. В этот день надо гордится своей малой родиной и своей страной. В этот день повсеместно исполняется гимн, начинающийся с прекрасных строк: «Да! Мы любим эту страну!». И по всеобщей радости, единению и гордости понятно, что национальная идея искренняя и действительно народная!

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Бюнады есть у более 70% норвежек, а в последние годы резко увеличилось число мужчин, также купивших себе национальный костюм. Маленькие бюнадики есть даже у младенцев и маленьких детей. Социологи считают это выражением своеобразного протеста против вступления Норвегии в ЕС.

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Народный норвежский костюм очень ярок и красив, а еще чрезвычайно дорог (в материальном выражении). Ведь это целое произведение искусства ручной работы украшенное серебром, драгоценными камнями и безумно красивой вышивкой. Одежда передаётся от матери к дочери, от отца к сыну.
Праздничный костюм состоит из белой рубашки из льна, верхнего платья из шерсти на лямках, сумочки. Вышивкой украшают лямки, пояс, подол юбки, спинку, сумочку.

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Бюнад, это не просто народный костюм — это сшитый по определенным канонам наряд — каждая выточка, складка, цвет тесьмы и оторочка подола зафиксированы в специальном своде бюнадов, составленном еще в конце 19 века!

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У современного бюнада есть свои тайны. Если в старые добрые времена украшения делались из чистейшего олова, то сегодня — из оксидированного серебра (это серебро, покрытое оксидной пленкой, которая защищает металл от потускнения и предназначена для повышения декоративных свойств и антикоррозионных качеств серебряного изделия).

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Бюнад для норвежцев — не просто платье, а сложный костюм. К нему непременно прилагается сумочка, туфли или сапожки для зимы, плащ, чепчик или шапочка и, конечно, совершенно потрясающие украшения.
Это сёлье — броши, которые могут как очень простыми, так и супер «навороченными», с подрагивающими «висюльками», которые по-норвежски зовутся «листиками».

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Короны- их в Норвегии носят невесты. В наши дни все чаще и чаще обычаи старинных свадеб с коронами стали возвращаться, что не удивительно: о таком платье и таких украшениях может мечтать любая девушка!

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МУЖСКОЙ КОСТЮМ состоит из панталон ниже колена, льняной рубашки, плотной жилетки с несколькими рядами пуговиц и верхней куртки. Так же полагаются шерстяные носки-гольфы до колена. Мужской костюм не так сильно украшен вышивкой, как женский, зато часто бывает очень ярких цветов, красный с желтым или черный с красным. Многие носят широкополую шляпу или шляпу-котелок.

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Шапочка, которая очень напоминает шапочку норвежского гнома — ниссе:

Еще одна составная часть мужского национального костюма - свитер из овечьей шерсти, который в принципе и называют норвежским, хотя он распространен по всем странам Скандинавии (ну холодно там).

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Традиционно, мужчины носили свитера, заправленные в черные суконные брюки с подтяжками. Как брюки столяра, они имели спереди нагрудник и укрепленное сидение из козлиной кожи.
Все побережье славилось производством разнообразных цветных свитеров. Некоторые демонстрировали отличительные детали и узоры.

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Нижний край свитера, который полностью спрятан поясом брюк, всегда вязался белой гладью, не было причин использовать дорогую крашенную шерсть, если ее никто не увидит. Белая шерсть никогда не использовалась на видном месте — было стыдно признать свою нищету и отсутствие мастерства.

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Норвежский художник Axel Ender


Вязание известно в Норвегии несколько сотен лет, но хорошо знакомые нам цветные свитера с замысловатыми узорами – сравнительно недавняя инновация. Вязание из разноцветной пряжи пришло в норвежскую моду в нескольких изолированных местах только в середине 19-го века и быстро распространилось, став почти норвежским национальным костюмом.

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Старейший вязаный фрагмент, найденный в Норвегии, был обнаружен в Бергене в захоронении, датируемом 1500 годом.
Надо заметить, что изначально вязание было тесно связано с низкими социальными слоями. Около 1600 года в Бергене была основана школа вязания, чтобы создать источник дохода для нищих и сирот. В судебных документах 1634 года упоминается заключенная женской тюрьмы, обвиняемая в бродяжничестве и колдовстве. Судя по записям, она вязала носки, чтобы заработать на еду и ночлег.
Позднее умение вязать стало даже модным, кроме того, оно экономило много денег.
В гостинных собирались дамы и под вязание рассказывали истории и последние новости. Женщины вязали для аукционов и благотворительных базаров, а также небольшие вещи для миссионеров, распространяемые в разных странах.

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Это экспонат Norsk Folkemuseum в Осло, Норвегия

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В 1800-х вязание было обязательным предметом в норвежских школах и даже сегодня норвежские дети учатся вязать в начальной школе.

Об истории свитеров стало известно благодаря дизайнеру текстиля и преподавателю ткачества Аннемор Сундбе, которая в 1990 году купила маленькую фабрику Torridal Tweed Fabrik. Фабрика производила продукцию из перереботанной шерсти. С покупкой фабрики она унаследовала запас из 16 тонн шерстяных лоскутов (в большинстве старые свитера, связанные вручную), которые должны были быть использованы для набивки шерстяных одеял и матрасов.

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Аннемор Сундбе


Фабрика стала бесконечным ресурсом исследований и знаний для Аннемор. По мере развития процесса она получила грант от Норвежского совета по культуре, чтобы выкопать среди огромной и растущей груды свитеров, каталогизировать и сохранить те, которые могут рассказать историю ручного вязания региона.
Она много путешествовала по музеям и архивам, собирала старые фотографии и иллюстрации. По результатам ее исследований написано несколько книг, она награждена многими наградами за ее вклад в развитие культуры.

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Да, норвежцы живут по традициям — хотя в «прочей» своей жизни совершенно супер-современны. Норвежцы вообще не ортодоксальны и не зациклены — вспомним хотя бы, что их наследный принц женился не просто на девушке незнатных кровей, а на девушке с ребенком, рожденным вне брака, из весьма необеспеченной среды, да еще и признавшейся, что в молодости она была неидеальна.
Зато теперь принцессу Метте-Марит обожает вся страна.

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Наследный принц , принцесса Метте-Марит, старший сын принцессы и два наследника престола


Неделя моды в Осло идет всего три дня, но за это время модники успевают продемонстрировать на улицах норвежской столицы все тренды сезона. Здесь и тренчи из алой лаковой кожи, и яркие сумки, и шубы из искусственного меха поверх худи. Погода в Осло немногим отличается от московской, поэтому большинство модных трюков, которые используют скандинавские девушки, можно применять и в наших реалиях.

Стритстайл Осло-2019
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Мутоновая шубка
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Шубки из искусственного меха
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Как всегда, образы жителей Северной Европы выверены до мелочей, выглядят сдержанно, но при этом в них ощущается легкость – как физическая, так и духовная. Особенный акцент здесь делают не только на крой, но и на выбор высококачественных тканей и оригинальных аксессуаров.

https://www.livemaster.ru/topic/1189349-selbu-svit...z-istorii-vyazaniya-v-norvegii
https://www.livemaster.ru/topic/850481-chto-za-nor...ver-takoj-byunad-prodolzhenie?
https://www.livemaster.ru/topic/1189349-selbu-svit...z-istorii-vyazaniya-v-norvegii
https://www.livemaster.ru/topic/1596266-vyshivka-v-norvezhskom-narodnom-kostyume

          

Under New Deal, Australian Women's And Men's Soccer Will Get Equal Share Of Revenue

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The deal will lift salaries for the Matildas by 90% and promises parity in training and travel. Norway and New Zealand have made similar moves, as a lawsuit against U.S. Soccer continues.
          

Bixungan Norway Flag Multifunctional Magic Headwear 12-in-1 Men&Women Tube Scarf Facemask Headbands Neck Gaiter Bandana Balaclava Helmet Outdoor Running Yoga Work out

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Bixungan Norway Flag Multifunctional Magic Headwear 12-in-1 Men&Women Tube Scarf Facemask Headbands Neck Gaiter Bandana Balaclava Helmet Outdoor Running Yoga Work out1, tamaño: 50x25 cm / 19.7 x 9.8 pulgadas (L X W). 2, Material: suave, transpirable de secado rápido 100% poliéster de microfibra. 100% Polialgodón 3, UPF 50+, Bloquea el 95% de los rayos UV: Diseñado con sensatez para la protección solar para reducir la exposición a los rayos UV. 4, características del producto: secado de humedad secado rápido y extremadamente transpirable. El sistema de transporte retira la humedad de la piel. Luego seca esa humedad más rápido que cualquier otra tela para termorregular el cuerpo. 5, formas de usar: gorra, gorro, NeckerChief, mascarilla, protector solar, capucha, pasamontañas, cuello Gaitor, hacer trapo, gorra pirata, fular, diadema, diadema, lazo de pelo, Sahariane, casco delineador, bufanda, pulsera. Se adapta a todas las estaciones.

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Telia Norway merges consumer home and mobile divisions, sets up two new arms

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(Telecompaper) Telia Norway said it is making organisational changes next year to improve its competitive ability...
          

Ski wax is being EATEN by animals at winter resorts and infiltrating the food chain

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Biologists concerned about the persistence of harmful chemicals in the environment took soil and animal samples from the popular Granåsen Ski Center in Trondheim, Norway.
          

On Norway's icy border with Russia, unease over military buildup

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Under a soft winter sun in northern Norway, U.S. Marines train in the ice and snow as they learn how to fight in the freezing cold.
          

Tension at Norway's icy border with Russia as military presence increases

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Under a soft winter sun in northern Norway, U.S. Marines in camouflaged combat jackets and white trousers train in the ice and snow as they learn how to fight in the freezing cold. A few hundred kilometres away, Russia is modernising its forces on the Kola Peninsula. Francesca Lynagh reports.

          

Inga Krohn 画像・写真 | 美女画像倉庫 No.9590

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Inga Krohn 画像No.9590 Inga Krohn 出身地:Norway 居住地:United States 身長:177cm スリーサイズ:80 - 62 - 91
          

Inga Krohn 画像・写真 | 美女画像倉庫 No.9567

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Inga Krohn 画像No.9567 Inga Krohn 出身地:Norway 居住地:United States 身長:177cm スリーサイズ:80 - 62 - 91
          

Inga Krohn 画像・写真 | 美女画像倉庫 No.9538

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Inga Krohn 画像No.9538 Inga Krohn 出身地:Norway 居住地:United States 身長:177cm スリーサイズ:80 - 62 - 91
          

Norwegian investors call on Assam’s Industry Minister

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GUWAHATI: A team from Fiber Strength AS, Norway led by Sturle Harald Pedersen, Chairman of the Board of Directors called on Assam’s Industries and Commerce Minister, Chandra Mohan Patowary at Janata Bhawan here on Thursday. The Norwegian team briefed the minister on their proposal to invest in setting up of a production unit for manufacture […]
          

Under New Deal, Australian Women's And Men's Soccer Will Get Equal Share Of Revenue

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Australia's soccer governing body says it has reached an agreement with its top-flight men's and women's teams that will give the teams an equal share of player-generated revenue and lift the salaries of its women's team.

Under the collective bargaining agreement between Football Federation Australia and Professional Footballers Australia, the two teams will be granted 24% of the revenue that they generate: 19% for themselves, and 5% to be invested in their names in the country's youth national teams. The share paid to players will rise one point a year.

Salaries for the women's team will rise under the new deal. Top women's players will make about $57,000 USD a year in 2020, up from about $38,000 this year.

The FFA says the deal amounts to a 90% raise in guaranteed minimum payments for the Matildas, as the women's team is known. The men's team is the Socceroos. (Australia has achieved relative parity in team nicknames.)

The contract promise other improvements for the women's team. The federation says it will upgrade the parental leave policy to provide more support for Matildas both during pregnancy and when they return to the pitch. Training conditions will now match those of the men's team. And the Matildas will travel in business class on international flights, as the Socceroos long have.

The agreement is good for four years, governing the payouts for the next men's and women's World Cups. Australia is among the nations vying to host the 2023 women's tournament.

The Matildas have historically fared better on the international stage than their male counterparts. At the 2019 Women's World Cup, the Matildas were eliminated by Norway on penalties in the round of 16, while the Socceroos finished last in their group at the 2018 men's tournament.

Under the new deal, players will get 40% of the prize money awarded by FIFA for playing in a World Cup, rising to 50% if they qualify for the knockout round. That's up from the 30% the teams made before.

But it also represents the contract's limits in terms of parity, because the payouts from FIFA are so much smaller for the women's tournament. In 2023, women's teams will share $60 million, while in 2022 the men will divide $440 million – a pot more than seven times bigger.

Australia joins other countries in improving pay and working conditions for its women's teams. Norway began paying its men's and women's teams equal salaries in 2017, and New Zealand announced pay parity and international business-class travel for its women's team last year.

Meanwhile, the U.S. women's team lawsuit alleging gender discrimination by U.S. soccer continues. Mediation between the two parties broke down, and the case is headed for trial in May 2020.

Alex Morgan, co-captain of the U.S. team that made "equal pay" their cry of victory at last summer's World Cup, said in August that she's hopeful the two sides can find a resolution before going to court.

The team's fight for parity isn't for themselves, she said, but for the next generation of players.

"We're not going to reap the benefits from equal pay and what we're fighting for," she told NPR. "That next generation should feel confident that they're in good hands, and that we are setting up this structure, and this compensation, and this true equality for them."

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

          

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Norra-Eesti keskkonnasõbraliku innovatsiooni programm tugevdab kahe riigi majanduskoostööd

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Täna Green IT seminaril pidulikult lõpetatud Eesti-Norra keskkonnasõbraliku innovatsiooni programmi seminaril tõdeti, et koostöö on andnud suurepärase võimaluse ühendada Eesti infotehnoloogilised ja Norra keskkonnatehnoloogilised kogemused ning elavdada kahe riigi majanduskoostööd. Norra suursaadik Dagfinn Sørli sõnul on keskkonnasõbraliku innovatsiooni programm osutunud väga edukaks koostööplatvormiks Eesti ja Norra ettevõtete vahel. "Lõppenud 15 projekti on loonud mitmeid kasulikke uusi lahendusi energia, e-tervishoiu, tootmise ja transpordi valdkonnas," rõhutas suursaadik. "Aga need on olnud ka tõukelauaks veelgi suurematele ühistele ettevõtmistele ja laiaulatuslikule infovahetusele Eesti ja Norra tehnoloogiaringkondade vahel," lisas suursaadik. Ettevõtlusminister Liisa Oviir ütles, et tuleviku eduks on innovatsioon kõikides valdkondades äärmiselt oluline. „Oleme Eestis astunud mitmeid samme, et oma ettevõtjaid ja teadusasutusi rohkem koostööle motiveerida, et tulevikus oluliselt rohkem innovaatilisi lahendusi ja tooteid arendada. IT valdkonnas suudame juba palju, kuid teised valdkonnad on sama olulised. Eesti ekspordi jaoks on just innovatsioon see, mis toob meie toodetele kõrge lisandväärtuse, et maailmaturul edukalt teistega konkureerida,“ ütles Oviir. ICT Weeki raames toimuval Green IT lõpuseminaril tutvustatakse Norra ja Eesti koostöös valminud keskkonnasäästlikke IT-lahendusi. Teiste hulgas esitletakse T grupp AS ühistransporditeenuste ostu-müügi keskkonda, Elering AS loodud Estfeed andmeportaali, mille abiga saavad nii organisatsioonid kui ka eraisikud korraldada oma energiatarbimist tõhusamalt, ja Skeleton Technologies OÜ lahendust, mis tõstab veelgi superkondensaatorite tõhusust ja töökindlust. Seminari fookuses on partnerlus Eesti ja Norra vahel, samuti räägitakse IT-äri finantseerimisvõimalustest. Päeva peaesinejaks on üks IT-sektori säravamaid liidreid, Innovation Norway juht Anita Krohn Traaseth. Norra keskkonnasõbraliku innovatsiooni programm käivitus 2013. aastal. Programmiga toetati IT-lahendusi e-tervise, transpordi ja logistika, tööstuse ja kaubanduse ning energia valdkondades. Programmi aitas ellu viia Norra riiklik ettevõtluse edendaja Innovation Norway ning projektidesse kaasati partnereid Norrast. Majandus- ja Kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi algatatud ja Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse rakendatud programmi kogumaht on 7 mln eurot, millest Norra Kuningriigi toetus on 6 mln eurot. Avatud on uue Norra programmiperioodi 2014-2021 läbirääkimised. Kokku eraldatakse uue perioodi raames Eestile 35,7 miljonit eurot. /03.06.2016/
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Sulling: väärtusi jagavad riigid peaksid kokku hoidma ka majandusküsimustes

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Väliskaubandus- ja ettevõtlusminister Anne Sulling ütles Oslos Eesti-Norra ärifoorumi avakõnes, et samu väärtusi hindavad riigid nagu Eesti ja Norra peaksid kokku hoidma ka majandusküsimustes.   Sullingu sõnul on Eesti ja Norra majandussuhted hästi arenenud, kuid ruumi on veelgi tihedamaks koostööks. „Eesti huvi on suurendada koostööd Norraga nii kaubanduse kui investeeringute valdkonnas. Eesti ootab siia ettevõtteid, kes tooksid kaasa töökohad, kus luuakse kõrgemat lisandväärtust,“ märkis Sulling. Tema sõnul on Eestis tegutsevad Norra investorid leidnud siit usaldusväärsed partnerid ja lojaalsed töötajad ning lisaks kvaliteetsele tööle hinnatakse kõrgelt ka mugavaid suhtluskanaleid riigiga. Sulling rääkis ka Eesti 10 miljoni e-residendi algatusest, mis pakub muuhulgas välisriikide ettevõtjatele võimalust taotleda ja kasutada Eesti ID-kaarti. „Eestit tuntakse tugeva IT-riigina, meie ülesanne on leida võimalused, kuidas seda kogemust kasutada ekspordi tugevdamiseks. Ma näen Smart City’t kui ühte valdkonda, kus meie ettevõtjad võiksid omavahel koostööd teha,“ märkis Sulling. Minister avaldas ka lootust, et lisaks Norra ettevõttele Orkla, kes on Eestisse toonud oma finantskeskuse, kaaluvad Eestit oma tugiteenuste majutajana teisedki rahvusvahelised ettevõtted. Väliskaubandus- ja ettevõtlusminister Anne Sulling kohtus Norras ettevõtjatega, osales Green IT ümarlaual ja kohtumisel Innovation Norway esindajatega.
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Interactive E-Book on Choral Leadership - "THE LEARNING CONDUCTOR" - you can find it here - just click Musikk-Husets Forlag, Oslo in February 2017: Activities 2019:Clinic, rhythmic leadership, Bergen (Norway), 1st - 2nd of NovemberGuest conducting, Formosa Singers, Taiwan, 1st - 16th of OctoberGuest lecturing/presentation at World Choral Expo Exchange, Lisbon, 27th of July-1st of AugustSweden, Malmö: 7th - 9th of June: Husie Youth choir reunion, conductingAdjudicating at A [...]
          

Under New Deal, Australian Women's And Men's Soccer Will Get Equal Share Of Revenue

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The deal will lift salaries for the Matildas by 90% and promises parity in training and travel. Norway and New Zealand have made similar moves, as a lawsuit against U.S. Soccer continues.
          

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Hidden gems in Fargo-Moorhead

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Fargo is an artsy town, with installations on electrical boxes, murals, and scupltures throughout. Here are a few of the hidden gems within the community that are worth seeking out.   Rollo statue  Standing tall to honor Rollo the Viking from Alesund, Norway, came to Fargo in 1912 and was greeted by a crowd ...READ MORE

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Under New Deal, Australian Women's And Men's Soccer Will Get Equal Share Of Revenue

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The deal will lift salaries for the Matildas by 90% and promises parity in training and travel. Norway and New Zealand have made similar moves, as a lawsuit against U.S. Soccer continues.
          

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Ebola emergency chief decries new attacks on frontline staff, after DR Congo worker death

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INTERNATIONAL, 4 November 2019, Health - Security measures for staff helping to fight health emergencies need to be stepped up urgently, a UN health agency top official said on Monday, after a frontline Ebola epidemic community worker was reportedly stabbed to death at his home in northeast Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Speaking at a public event in Geneva, Dr Mike Ryan from the World Health Organization (WHO), said that in his 25-year humanitarian career, violence carried out deliberately against health workers and hospitals had never been so bad.

The “overwhelming impact” had been on local health workers, not international staff, Dr Ryan told a Geneva Peace Week event, in his capacity as Director of WHO’s Health Emergencies Programme.

Despite the risks of working in insecure locations, “one doesn’t really have a choice but to go, as the epidemic will continue to spread and intensify like a fire if it’s not put out”, he said. “It does put our workers at the extreme edge of risk.”

Echoing Dr Ryan’s message of sympathy, WHO Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti tweeted her condolences to the family and friends of the worker killed in DRC.

In 2019 alone, there have been 862 reported attacks on healthcare workers and facilities from just 10 countries, resulting in 173 deaths and 557 significant injuries. “And that probably is a massive underestimation of the problem,” Dr Ryan insisted.

UN Photo/Martine Perret

Destroy a hospital and you destroy hope

Among the most shocking aspects of this growing trend for humanitarians was the effect it had on civilians, he added.

“One of the last hopes a community has in conflict is the ability to seek care for your children or the injured. The destruction of a health care facility is more than the destruction of a building; it tears the heart out of a community and it takes the hope away from the community, and as such its impact is much, much greater.”

In a joint UN-DRC Ministry of Health statement, both noted that the victim – who has not been officially named - also worked as a reporter at a community radio station in Lwemba, and that his partner was critically injured, suffering multiple wounds.

Two suspects have been arrested and the investigators are looking to see whether the murder is linked to the ongoing Ebola response, they added.

In Geneva, Dr Ryan also expressed his sympathies for the families of three UN Migration Agency (IOM) workers killed eight days ago near an Ebola screening point on South Sudan’s border with DRC last Wednesday.

No new information about South Sudan abductees

According to IOM, its staff were caught in crossfire during clashes between armed groups in Morobo County, in South Sudan’s Central Equatoria region.

A volunteer worker and a child were also abducted during the incident, prompting an appeal for their immediate and unconditional release by the agency, which on Monday said that it had no new information about the case.

Since 1 January, WHO has documented more than 300 attacks on health care facilities in DRC that have resulted in six deaths and 70 injuries of workers and patients.

The current Ebola outbreak, began in DRC last August, and is the most lethal in the nation’s history, although recent progress has seen cases fall. The virus has claimed more than 2,180 lives; more than 1,050 people have survived.

“It’s not just the physical attacks, it’s the harassment, it is the fear of going to work,” Dr Ryan said, highlighting the “tremendous psychological stress” on workers.

'We can't sit back and wait'

Welcoming continuing financial support among Member States including the Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland and the United States for frontline staff to operate with added security measures, he stressed too that the humanitarian community could do more to protect them.

“We can’t sit back and wait for international humanitarian law to change or political will to change,” he said. “We need to professionalize how we operate in these situations, we need to improve our security briefings for staff, we need to improve awareness among our staff…the stresses on our staff are extreme.”

He added: “We call on our donors to look positively on those costs because these are the real costs of doing business in humanitarian settings right now”.


          

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A policy landscape of sexual orientation, gender identity and the internet

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A policy landscape of sexual orientation, gender identity and the internet

Introduction

Two groundbreaking advances in international human rights have been made in the last half decade, with recognition by intergovernmental bodies that human rights law applies equally to all persons regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity (SOGI), and that human rights law is equally applicable online as offline. However, these achievements have not been without significant advocacy efforts by civil society. While internet rights are being increasingly integrated and addressed across the international human rights system, developments on SOGI have been laboured, politicised and isolated, with no state consensus. This report considers the trends, shifts and convergences in international policy making, using a geopolitical analysis.

A brief history

Sexual orientation and gender identity

Activists have been advocating for international recognition of SOGI-related rights as far back as the Beijing World Conference on Women in 1995,1 with concerted efforts to develop state awareness and recognition of the issues since a failed resolution on human rights and sexual orientation in 2003. 2 Brazil’s introduction, and later withdrawal, of a draft text was a catalyst for a number of civil society groups and activists working on sexuality and gender issues to communicate and coordinate more consistently to develop strategies to engage the UN human rights system on these issues. 3 This collective organising led to states delivering a series of joint statements at the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council (HRC) between 2005 and 2011; 4 increasing support for SOGI rights from a handful of countries to nearly half of the UN member states; and finally the adoption by the HRC of the first ever UN resolution on “human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity” in June 2011, 5 and the second in September 2014. 6

Internet rights

Although civil society has been involved in internet policy and governance spaces since the internet was created, the internet has only recently featured in international human rights policy development arenas. The impact of the internet on human rights was first recognised at the international level by an HRC resolution on freedom of expression in 2009. 7 Since then, the UN has adopted a number of resolutions developing international policy on this theme. In particular, the HRC adopted a resolution on “The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet” 8 in June 2012 with 85 state co-sponsors, which affirmed that the same human rights apply online as offline. The following year in November 2013, the General Assembly adopted a resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age, 9 which was followed up by the HRC in March 2015 with a procedural resolution of the same title, creating a UN expert mechanism on the right to privacy. 10 Since the 2009 resolution on freedom of expression, a number of thematic UN resolutions have addressed internet rights. 11

Comparing intersectional recognition

While internet rights concerns have effectively been mainstreamed into initiatives dealing with other human rights issues, sexual orientation and gender identity remain isolated from relevant state-negotiated human rights documents. 12

Internet rights have been recognised by consensus in a number of intergovernmental policy documents, such as resolutions on freedom of opinion and expression, freedom of association and assembly, and the safety of journalists. 13 The use of the internet and other forms of technology in propagating harassment and violence against women has been acknowledged by the Commission on the Status of Women 14 – the primary UN political body tasked with women’s rights issues – and by the General Assembly in a resolution on protecting women human rights defenders. 15

Conversely, there is a huge struggle to include any language that might be associated with SOGI in any government-negotiated documents at the international level, with such language overwhelmingly negotiated out of draft texts or put to a vote. For example, even the word “gender” has become controversial because some governments insist that gender can only denote biological sex, refusing to accept the concept of gender as a social construct or to recognise identities beyond the male-female binary. 16

As a result, where SOGI language has been included in negotiated documents, it has been so virtually in isolation from intersecting fields, such as violence or discrimination against women or the protection of human rights defenders. The only UN human rights resolution to date referencing SOGI, apart from the HRC SOGI resolution itself, is the biennial General Assembly resolution on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. While the strong opposition to recognising SOGI-related rights means the discussion is reduced to violence and discrimination (the areas that have a possibility of gaining consensus), the reference in the “killings” resolution is nonetheless hotly contested each time, with attempts to vote the language out of the resolution during the final adoption process.17

Despite the fact that a broad number of thematic and country-specific UN human rights experts regularly report a vast array of infringements of the rights of LGBTI persons,18 in social and economic rights as well as civil and political rights, the political bodies have so far failed to take the intersectional approach that has been an attribute of developments on internet rights.

Politics of sexual orientation and gender identity rights

International intergovernmental debate on SOGI is a delicate matter, and unfortunately plays out in ways that are politically divisive and strategically counterproductive. Although there is a slow but steady increase in support for these issues from states from all regions, they are still perceived as primarily Western priorities despite the fact that the first UN SOGI resolution was tabled by South Africa and Brazil, and the second by Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Uruguay.

This is partly because Western states have styled themselves as international leaders on SOGI, critiquing discriminatory laws and practices outside of their regional group, and is compounded by certain Western states using aid conditionality to apply pressure on ex-colonies to repeal colonial-era criminal provisions on same-sex relations. 19

These practices have created a “West versus the rest” dynamic which contributes to the geopolitical polarisation on gender and sexuality-related rights that is reflected at the international level, and alienates potential support from those states that are open to discussing SOGI-related rights, but are opposed to Western hegemony on the international stage.

The politicisation of SOGI plays out in intergovernmental human rights policy development spaces such as the HRC in divisive and regressive ways. Firstly we have seen a division of state positions, generally along lines of regional and political blocs. 20 Traditionally this has been Western and most Latin American states supporting SOGI issues, opposed by Russia, the Vatican, most of the African Group and members of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). States within these groups that have dared to support SOGI issues have faced harsh censure from their peers. 21

Secondly, concepts such as cultural relativity, traditional values and protection of the family have been introduced and manipulated in these spaces, primarily by the religious right wing – the OIC, the Vatican, Russia, and conservative groups such as the UN Family Rights Caucus.22 Since 2009 the HRC has adopted various documents undermining the universality of rights, including three resolutions on “traditional values” and two on “protection of the family”. 23 In general, the support and opposition for these initiatives has been in line with positions against and for SOGI-related language respectively.

The politicisation of sexuality rights in international forums means that foreign policy is often at odds with national-level standards and developments, particularly on rights relating to gender identity. For example, some Western states, such as Belgium, France, Norway and Switzerland, present themselves as champions of LGBT rights in international debates while requiring transgender people to undergo sterilisation in order to legally change their gender, 24 a policy that the European Court of Human Rights has ruled to be a violation of the rights to privacy and family life. 25 Conversely, some states that have culturally established and documented forms of gender diversity 26 – and in the case of Pakistan leading case law recognising the rights of hijras27 – claim that such diversity is contrary to their cultural, moral or religious values when it comes to international debate. 28 This is a terrible contradiction of domestic reality and foreign policy.

State positions on SOGI in the international bodies have almost become a symbolic representation of one side versus another in the greater struggle for a new world order that replaces Western hegemony. Sadly, this positioning is to the detriment of human rights, including through the development of international legal norms and standards that exclude LGBTIQ persons.

Politics of internet rights

In comparison to the tumultuous international debates on SOGI, internet rights policy has been developing relatively smoothly, with consensus resolutions and references in the UN General Assembly, the HRC and the Commission on the Status of Women. This is not to suggest that states unanimously respect or support internet-related rights, but that opposition is more nuanced and complex than the open hostility that some governments express on SOGI.

While there does indeed appear to be international consensus on the issue of access to technology, a customary division of state positions on other issues such as freedom of expression remains unchanged in how states see their validity online or offline. During the HRC plenary panel on freedom of expression on the internet in 2012, China called on the international community to promote internet access in developing countries while also stating that freedom of expression could undermine social stability and national security.29 Cuba has both expressed concern about issues of access to information and communications technology (ICT) and lamented the United States (US) monopoly of the internet. 30

Furthermore, the geopolitical divide over internet rights is not as clear-cut as it is on SOGI issues. When Edward Snowden leaked classified information from the US National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013, the US was in the unusual position of being criticised by many of its peers in the West.31

Indeed, states from all regions have relished the opportunity to criticise the US in the wake of the Snowden revelations. Although not explicitly critical of US policy, pre-existing anti-US sentiment meant that the resolutions on the right to privacy in the digital age quickly garnered support amongst states such as North Korea, 32 Russia, Cuba and China. 33 Consequently, it could be argued that a politicisation of internet rights issues has been to the benefit of consensus-building on international human rights policy development on these issues.

SOGI versus internet rights policy

As SOGI language is a notorious key to destroying consensus in government negotiations, states have used sexual orientation references as a bargaining chip to block or undermine developments that they oppose.

For example, sexual orientation language was used by Western states to bargain against references to the “defamation of religions” in international discussions on racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, both during the Durban Review Conference in 2009 and in follow-up meetings and negotiations. 34

This highly questionable tactic arose in discussions on internet rights in negotiations on a resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age at the UN General Assembly in 2013, when a key ally of the US proposed including a reference to sexual orientation. Some of the Five Eyes 35 countries readily supported the proposed language, while other states that were supportive of the resolution theme objected, knowing they would not be able to join consensus on a text that contained sexual orientation language. This was understood to be a strategy to break consensus on an issue that those states implicated in the revelations of deep breaches of privacy rights could not otherwise break without admitting that they did not support the key message of the resolution.

As the Five Eyes countries were openly attempting to water down the text of the privacy resolution, 36 it seemed likely that sexual orientation language was actually being introduced in order to polarise state positions on the text as a whole, and potentially lead to a vote. In effect, the US and its allies pitted sexual orientation against the right to privacy in a failed attempt to undermine international condemnation of and action on the infringement of rights that is mass surveillance.

Moving towards an intersectional approach

Although SOGI and internet rights have developed independently from one another at the international level, the slow increase in state support for SOGI-related rights in international human rights bodies, and the increasing attention being given to internet rights in a number of different thematic resolutions, means that the UN could constructively address their intersection in the near future.

The prevailing geopolitical divide is likely to continue to obstruct the inclusion of SOGI in UN resolutions. However, with internet rights being addressed in a number of negotiated thematic texts, it is not unreasonable to suggest that relevant issues could be included in a future substantive resolution on SOGI.

Furthermore, the HRC resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age mandated the appointment of a UN Special Rapporteur on the right to privacy. The Special Procedures mechanisms 37 have been key allies in raising violations of the rights of LGBTIQ persons across a broad section of thematic and country-specific mandates. A recent report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of opinion and expression to the HRC highlighted how encryption and anonymity in digital communications enable persons persecuted because of sexual orientation or gender identity to exercise the right to freedom of opinion and expression, as well as providing, for some, the only way to securely explore basic aspects of identity such as one’s gender or sexuality. 38

The new Special Procedures mandate has been tasked to look at the right to privacy, “including in connection with” (i.e. but not limited to) the challenges arising from new technologies. Many SOGI rights issues clearly fall under the mandate focus on privacy. It will remain to be seen whether the Rapporteur chooses to address human rights concerns relating to LGBTIQ persons in the execution of the mandate.

Conclusion

With a number of consensus resolutions and documents addressing internet rights, and the creation of an expert mandate on the right to privacy, it is safe to conclude that these issues are now firmly on the UN agenda, and will continue to be mainstreamed into the work of the HRC. Meanwhile, SOGI rights remain segregated with no regular or institutionalised attention to ongoing violations. It will likely remain extremely difficult to get states to consider the human rights of LGBTIQ persons on their substantial merit as long as SOGI continues to be politicised and manipulated by both supportive states and the opposition. The new expert mechanism on the right to privacy could see these two issues being addressed concurrently and with an intersectional analysis for the first time. It remains to be seen whether intergovernmental debate will mature beyond political strife to welcome such an analysis.

References

1 See, for example, Ditsie, P. B. (1995). Statement delivered by Palesa Beverley Ditsie of South Africa, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing, China, 13 September. www.un.org/esa/gopher-data/conf/fwcw/conf/ngo/13123944.txt and Wilson, A. (1996). Lesbian Visibility and Sexual Rights at Beijing. Signs, 22(1). fds.duke.edu/db/attachment/409

2 In 2003 Brazil unexpectedly introduced a draft text on sexual orientation to the former UN Commission on Human Rights. The resolution faced strong opposition, which led to it being deferred by a year and later withdrawn from consideration.

3 ARC International. (2004). International Dialogue on Gender, Sexuality & Human Rights: Final report. Geneva: ARC International. arc-international.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/International-Dialogue-Report-Geneva-2004.doc

4 ARC International. (2011). LGBT Rights at the UN: A brief overview. Geneva: ARC International. arc-international.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/LGBT-Rights-at-the-UN.pdf

5 A/HRC/RES/17/19. (2011). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/17/19

6 A/HRC/RES/27/32. (2014). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/27/32

7 A/HRC/RES/12/16. (2009). ap.ohchr.org/documents/sdpage_e.aspx?b=10&se=100&t=11

8 A/HRC/RES/20/8. (2012). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/20/8

9 A/RES/68/167. (2013). www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/167

10 A/HRC/RES/28/16. (2015). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/28/16

11 See, for example, A/HRC/RES/21/16, The rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association (2012). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/21/16; A/HRC/RES/23/2, The role of freedom of opinion and expression in women’s empowerment. (2013). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/23/2; A/HRC/RES/24/5, The rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association. (2013). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/24/5; A/RES/68/163, The safety of journalists and the issue of impunity. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/163; A/RES/68/181, Promotion of the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: protecting women human rights defenders. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/181; and A/RES/69/166, The right to privacy in the digital age. (2014). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/69/166

12 While this paper examines how these issues have progressed in intergovernmental spaces, it is important to note that infringements on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons are consistently raised by UN human rights expert mechanisms, such as the Special Procedures, treaty monitoring bodies, and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, across a broad number of thematic and country specific reports. See for example: www.icj.org/sogi-un-database

13 See footnote 10.

14 CSW agreed conclusions on the elimination and prevention of all forms of violence against women and girls. (2013). Para. 34(ww). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/csw57/CSW57_Agreed_Conclusions_%28CSW_report_excerpt%29.pdf

15

A/RES/68/181. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/181

16 See, for example, Adolphe, J. (2012). 'Gender' Wars at the United Nations. Ave Maria Law Review, 11(1). papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2232495

17 ISHR et al. (2012, 22 November). Governments Condemn Extrajudicial Executions in Seminal UN Vote. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/governments-condemn-extrajudicial-executions-seminal-un-vote; ISHR. (2012, 20 November). UN General Assembly: Rights groups welcome condemnation of killing of LGBT persons. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/un-general-assembly-rights-groups-welcome-condemnation-killing-lgbt-persons

18 This report primarily uses the language of “sexual orientation” and “gender identity”, which have been acknowledged by the intergovernmental bodies, but also refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer persons using the relevant acronyms LGBT, LGBTI or LGBTIQ, depending on the particular context. For example, while activists and human rights defenders might use the language of Queer rights, this term has not been taken up by the UN, but the UN does recognise and use L,G,B,T and I. Other language yet to be referenced in UN negotiated documents includes “gender expression” and “bodily integrity”.

19 Abolafia Anguita, L. (2012, 9 March). Aid conditionality and respect for LGBT people rights. Sexuality Policy Watch. sxpolitics.org/we-recommend-134/7369

20 UN member states are divided into five regional groups: the African Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eastern European Group, Latin America and the Caribbean Group, and Western European and Others Group. There are also a number of additional political blocs and affiliations of states and sub-regional blocs that form collective positions on issues, such as the Arab Group, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Mercosur, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), the European Union (EU), etc.

21 For example, South Africa and Mauritius were publicly denigrated by Nigeria, the then coordinator of the African Group, for their leadership on and support for the first UN resolution on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity in 2011.

22 www.unfamilyrightscaucus.org/un-initiatives/statements-activities

23 Resolutions on “traditional values”: A/HRC/RES/12/21 (2009); A/HRC/RES/16/3 (2011); A/HRC/RES/21/3 (2012); on “protection of the family”: A/HRC/RES/26/11 (2014); A/HRC/RES/29/22 (2015).

24 Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide (TvT), Legal and Social Mapping: www.transrespect-transphobia.org/en_US/mapping.htm

25 European Court of Human Rights. (2015, 10 March). Refusal to authorise transsexual to have access to gender reassignment surgery breached right to respect for private life. (Press release.) hudoc.echr.coe.int/webservices/content/pdf/003-5032376-6183620

26 See, for example, Jain, D., & Rhoten, K. (2013, 28 December). A Comparison of the Legal Rights of Gender Non-Conforming Persons in South Asia. Economic & Political Weekly. www.academia.edu/11810587/A_Comparison_of_the_Legal_Rights_of_Gender_Non-Conforming_Persons_in_South_Asia

27 Khaki v. Rawalpindi, Supreme Court of Pakistan (12 December 2009).

28 See, for example: United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG). (2011, 17 June). Council establishes mandate on Côte d’Ivoire, adopts protocol to child rights treaty, requests study on discrimination and sexual orientation. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12578B2004B0A50?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2012, 7 March). Human Rights Council holds panel discussion on discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12579BA004DFE81?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2014, 26 September). Human Rights Council adopts resolution on sexual orientation and gender identity and concludes twenty-seventh session. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/24F74BA2FCAB79CDC1257D5F0063A227?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2015, 22 June). Human Rights Council holds general debate on the promotion and protection of all human rights. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C85AF94F13C23F94C1257E6C0059B456?OpenDocument

29 UNOG. (2012, 29 February). Human Rights Council holds panel discussion on the promotion and protection of freedom of expression on the internet. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12579B300535CC6?OpenDocument

30 Ibid.

31 MacAskill, E., & Borger, J. (2013, 30 June). New NSA leaks show how US is bugging its European allies. The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/30/nsa-leaks-us-bugging-european-allies

32 United Nations. (2013, 26 November). Third Committee Approves Text Titled ‘Right to Privacy in the Digital Age’, as It Takes Action on 18 Draft Resolutions. www.un.org/press/en/2013/gashc4094.doc.htm

33 UNOG. (2015, 26 March). Human Rights Council creates mandate of Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/4CA5769DF702C0CCC1257E14005F5F4B?OpenDocument

34 See, for example, ISHR. (2009, 4 November). Stalemate at the Ad Hoc Committee on complementary standards. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/stalemate-ad-hoc-committee-complementary-standards

35https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Eyes

36 MacAskill, E., & Ball, J. (2013, 21 November). UN surveillance resolution goes ahead despite attempts to dilute language. The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/21/un-surveillance-resolution-us-uk-dilute-language

37 The UN Special Procedures are independent human rights experts with mandates to report and advise on human rights from a thematic or country-specific perspective. Special procedures are either an individual (called "Special Rapporteur" or "Independent Expert") or a working group composed of five members.

38 A/HRC/29/32. (2015). Paras 1 & 12. www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session29/Documents/A.HRC.29.32_AEV.doc

Themes: 


          

You Sunk My Battleship

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Preface

People who make military policy and amateurs who follow it alike are in something of a vacuum when it comes to naval warfare.  While the Navy is a very large share of the United States Defense Department budget, there have been so few skirmishes in the past fifty years or so that it is hard to get a reality check on the multi-billion dollar expenditures involved. The few incidents which have occurred, meanwhile, have taken on disproportionate importance.  

While some naval history is too distant to be of much use, from the ramming battles between glorified rowboats of the Greeks, to the days of sails and cannons, it is fair, at least, to look at the experience of World War II, the last full fledged blue sea naval campaign in world history.  This experience has informed much of the current conventional wisdom regarding naval warfare, and while the lessons learned in World War II need to be updated to reflect technological advances that have taken place since then, they are too recent to safely ignore.

Among other things, World War II taught the lesson that the heavy armor of a battleship was no match for modern offensive weapons. 

As the Wikipedia article linked above explains:
Battleships were the largest and most complex, and hence the most expensive warships of their time; as a result, the value of investment in battleships has always been contested. 
As the French politician Etienne Lamy wrote in 1879, "The construction of battleships is so costly, their effectiveness so uncertain and of such short duration, that the enterprise of creating an armored fleet seems to leave fruitless the perseverance of a people". The Jeune École school of thought of the 1870s and 1880s sought alternatives to the crippling expense and debatable utility of a conventional battlefleet. It proposed what would nowadays be termed a sea denial strategy, based on fast, long-ranged cruisers for commerce raiding and torpedo boat flotillas to attack enemy ships attempting to blockade French ports. 
The ideas of the Jeune École were ahead of their time; it was not until the 20th century that efficient mines, torpedoes, submarines, and aircraft were available that allowed similar ideas to be effectively implemented. The determination of powers such as Germany to build battlefleets with which to confront much stronger rivals has been criticised by historians, who emphasise the futility of investment in a battlefleet that has no chance of matching its opponent in an actual battle.
Large Warships In Existing Navies

Today, there are only two ships of the battleship class in the world, both in the Russian Navy, only one of which is in active service, the 28,000 ton Admiral Nakhimov commissioned in 1988 is currently undergoing refit and is out of service, and the 28,000 ton Pyotr Velikiy, of the same class commissioned in 1998 is in active service.  

The 14,564 ton Zumwalt class destroyer of the U.S. Navy, the largest warship in the U.S. Navy that is not an aircraft carrier or non-combatant logistics ship, and is is arguably misclassified as a destroyer deserves a battleship designation. Just three Zumwalt class destroyers have three have been built (and no more have been ordered). One was commissioned in 2016, one was commissioned in 2019, and one is awaiting a commission later this year. It cost $7.5 billion per ship of total cost to build and has been severely criticized:
Mike Fredenburg analyzed the program for National Review after Zumwalt broke down in the Panama Canal in November 2016, and he concluded that the ship's problems "are emblematic of a defense procurement system that is rapidly losing its ability to meet our national security needs." Fredenburg went on to detail problems relating to the skyrocketing costs, lack of accountability, unrealistic goals, a flawed concept of operations, the perils of designing a warship around stealth, and the failure of the Advanced Gun System. He concludes:

"The Zumwalt is an unmitigated disaster. Clearly it is not a good fit as a frontline warship. With its guns neutered, its role as a primary anti-submarine-warfare asset in question, its anti-air-warfare capabilities inferior to those of our current workhorse, the Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, and its stealth not nearly as advantageous as advertised, the Zumwalt seems to be a ship without a mission."
Indeed, only twenty navies in the world have surface warships (including aircraft carriers, but not transport ships) larger than a frigate: U.S. (111), Japan (48), China (33), Russia (20), India (14), France (14), United Kingdom (7), Norway (5), Italy (4), Taiwan (4), Netherlands (4), Denmark (3), Germany (3), South Korea (3), Egypt (3), Saudi Arabia (3), Spain (2), Brazil (1), Thailand (1), and Morocco (1).

Only seven of these countries (China, Russia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Thailand and Morocco) would plausibly be U.S. naval warfare adversaries in the foreseeable future (while many of the remaining thirteen countries would likely be allies of the U.S. in an future naval warfare in their region). These seven plausible adversaries have 62 large surface warships ships combined. Of these only China and Russia are really serious concerns militarily and they have 53 large surface warships combined.

The Russian fleet's large ships, moreover, are split between several global regions that are distant from each other in some case (Northern, Baltic, Black Sea and Pacific). The aircraft carrier, the battleship, one smaller cruiser, and six destroyers are in Russia's Northern fleet. One smaller cruiser and five destroyers are in Russia's Pacific fleet. One of its smaller cruisers and one of its destroyers are in Russia's Black Sea fleet. Three of its destroyers are in Russia's Baltic fleet.

Several other plausible U.S. naval warfare adversaries such as Iran and North Korea have submarines but no large surface combatants.

Currently, the U.S. has 20 aircraft carriers (11 "super carriers" of 100,000 tons or more, and 9 amphibious assault ships which can carry helicopters, Osprey aircraft, Harrier aircraft or F-35B aircraft of 40,000-45,000 tons), Italy has 2, Japan has 4, France has 4, Australia has 2, Egypt has 2, and Brazil, China, India, Russia, Spain, Thailand and the United Kingdom each have one. In all there are 42 aircraft carriers in active naval service in the world.

Five aircraft carriers (one each from the U.K., China, Russia, India and France in order of size) are between the size of a U.S. super carrier and the smallest U.S. amphibious assault ship ranging from 42,000 to 65,000 tons (and only four of these from the China, Russia, India and France, and the ten U.S. super carriers, allow for something other than a vertical landing). The other eighteen aircraft carriers range from 11,486 tons to 27,100 tons (eleven of which are restricted to vertical takeoff and landing aircraft such as helicopters and the MV-22 Osprey). All twenty-seven carriers under 42,000 tons and two larger aircraft (one from the U.S. at 45,000 tons and one from the U.K. at 65,000 tons) are restricted either to short takeoff vertical landing aircraft such as an F-35B or a Harrier, or to vertical takeoff and landing aircraft.

Eleven more carriers (including two that are only VTOL carriers) are undergoing sea trials or ordered: the U.S. 3, China 3, and South Korea, India, Italy and Turkey one each.

Currently, the U.S. has 22 cruisers (10,000 tons each) and Russia has 4 (one battleship with 28,000 tons and three cruisers with 12,500 tons) in active service. In all there are 27 cruisers in active naval service in the world. The U.S. cruisers are virtually indistinguishable from its destroyers and slightly inferior to them as they are older designs.

Currently, the U.S. has 69 destroyers (including 2 of the Zumwalt class), Japan has 44, China has 32, Russia has 15, India has 13, France has 10, the U.K. has 6, Norway has 5Taiwan has 4, the Netherlands has 4Germany has 3, Denmark has 3South Korea has 3Saudi Arabia has 3, Italy has 2, Egypt has 1, Morocco has 1, and Spain has 1. The largest destroyer in active service (other than the two Zumwalt class destroyers in active service) is 10,290 tons and many of which are considerably smaller. Some of the destroyer class ships are larger, more capable ships actually called frigates in an effort to make comparisons comparable. All ships classified as frigates for these purposes are under 5,000 tons, although a few particularly capable frigates between 4,000 and 5,000 tons are classified as destroyers. There are 219 destroyers in all of the world's navies combined.

In all there are 42 aircraft carriers over 11,000 tons and 7 other surface combatants over 11,000 tons in naval service in the world. Of those, 20 aircraft carriers and 2 other surface combatants are in the U.S. Navy and 1 aircraft carrier and 4 other surface combatants (one battleship and three cruisers) are in the Russian Navy. The other navies of the world have 21 aircraft carriers, only 10 of which are more than VTOL helicopter carriers. There are 244 other surface combatants bigger than frigates in the world in active naval service (of which 67 are in the U.S. Navy and 15 are in the Russian Navy).

The Japanese Naval Experience

The case that really brought this home for the Japanese was the sinking of the battleship Yamato.  This 71,000 ton ship with massive 18 inch guns was tough.  It  had previously survived a hit from a torpedo delivered by a U.S. submarine on Christmas Day in 1943, and two bombs that hit it in October of 1944, in the Leyte Gulf.  Two more 36,000 ton Japanese battleships, the Fuso and the Yamashiro, were sunk by naval gunfire and torpedoes in that same October battle.  Bombs damaged the 39,000 ton Japanese battleship Nagato in the battle of the Leyte Gulf badly enough to remove it from action. Ultimately, air power prevailed over the big guns and heavy armor of the pinnacle of the battleship era.  On April 7, 1945, the Yamato was sunk by carrier based U.S. aircraft and it took 2,498 Japanese sailors with it.  The 32,000 ton Japanese battleship Ise (already removed from service nine months earlier by a mine), and Japanese battleships Hyunga and Haruna were sunk by carrier based U.S. aircraft in July of 1945.

Japan had already lost its 32,000 ton battlecruiser Kirishima to 16” naval gunfire from the 47,000 ton American battleship Washington in 1942 in one of the last of the battles that went according traditional naval models of close range ship to ship combat, in this case, at a range of a mile and a half.  The 28,000 ton Japanese battleship Kongo was sunk by a submarine in November of 1944.  Its three sister ships were sunk by U.S. aircraft in World War II.

The American Naval Experience in World War II

Americans remember Pearl Harbor.  Yes, this carrier based air attack was a surprise.  But, a heavily armored hull did not prevent this attack from sinking the 32,000 ton U.S. battleship Arizona and three other battleships.  Four more battleships were seriously damaged, the 29,000 ton American battleship Nevada among them, although the Nevada was ultimately returned to service and survived further battle damage on multiple occasions.  Few naval strategists before Pearl Harbor had realized how vulnerable the fleet was to aerial attack.

The 33,000 ton American battleship Idaho ran aground off Okinawa in June of 1945.  American battleship Pennsylvania,  a sister ship of the Arizona, was taken out of action by enemy aircraft in August of 1945.

The 45,000 ton American battleship Indiana did exhibit the resilience in the face of damage which battleships are legendary for notwithstanding a mixed experience in real life.  It survived both a collision and a hit by a kamakazi pilot in 1944, and serious storm damage in 1945, yet survived until decommissioning in 1963.  The 45,000 ton South Dakota similarly sustained and survived repeated battle damage. The 56,000 ton American battleship Iowa likewise survived serious damage from shore fire sustained in March of 1944, and the 47,000 ton battleship Washington survived a 1942 torpedo hit from a Japanese submarine and a 1945 friendly fire incident.

The German Naval Experience in World War II

Germany’s 51,000 ton battleship the Bismark found its fate at the bottom of the sea in May of 1941.  The British Royal Air Force damaged the 40,000 ton German battleship Gneisenau to the point that it never again was useable as a battleship in 1942.  Sister German battleship Scharnhorst, however, survived in the face of a seemingly never ending barrage of hits sustained.

The Italian and Vichy French Naval Experiences in World War II

Both Italy and Vichy France both saw battleships destroyed in port before they were ever launched.  

The planned 48,000 ton battleship Clemenceau was destroyed in its French port during a bombing raid in August 1944.  The 36,000 ton battleship Dunkerque, in the hands of the Vichy French, was damaged sufficiently to be taken out of action, and lost one in seven of its crew members, in July of 1940, by a combination of British warship attacks and torpedoes in two separate incidents.

The 30,000 ton Italian battleship Duilio wasn’t actually sunk, but a British bombing raid in November of 1940 took it out of service for about a year, and the ship served only a brief secondary role in World War II thereafter.  The 46,000 ton battleship Vittorio Veneto was taken out of action by British aircraft in 1941, then by a submarine, and then 1943 by another aircraft.  The 47,000 ton Italian battleship Littorio was taken out of commission by British aircraft by June of 1942.

The Spanish Naval Experience in World War II

The 16,000 ton battleship Espana was sunk by a “friendly” mine in July of 1937 during the Spanish civil war, killing a third of the sailors on board.

The British Naval Experience in World Wars I and II.

While it predates World War II, it is worth recalling that the 22,000 ton British battleship Dreadnought (the second of that name launched in 1906) which became synonymous with the very notion of a battleship, sank only one enemy vessel, a German submarine, in all of World War I.  It achieved this end not with its ten 12” guns, but with a methodology as old as Greek naval warfare.  It rammed it.

German dive bombing planes took the 30,000 ton British battleship Iron Duke out of service on October 17, 1939.  It Italian airplane’s torpedo took the 38,000 ton British battleship Nelson out of service for a year on September 27, 1941.  The British lost the 42,000 ton battleship Prince of Wales in December of 1941 to an attack by Japanese aircraft, after having suffered serious damage from naval guns, which was repaired, earlier that same year.  The 33,000 ton British battleship Queen Elizabeth was removed from service when an Italian frogman bombed it while it was in harbor that same month.

          

Remedial Art History for the German Far Right - Lily Scherlis

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Billboards are a cornerstone of German election campaigns. The government provides each political party with a few minutes of televised ad time, preventing the costs of airtime from pricing underfunded candidates out of public view. Because there are strict limits on the frequency and length of TV and radio advertisements, campaigns traditionally compete for visibility outdoors and on paper. Though parties have recently taken to social media, pouring money into Silicon Valley, printed matter remains a force to reckon with. This past April, in advance of elections for the EU Parliament, an 1866 French Orientalist painting appeared around Berlin. The painting, The Slave Market by Jean-Léon Gérôme, depicts a naked, enslaved woman having her teeth examined by a prospective buyer. The woman has light skin and the three men surrounding her, peering evaluatively at her figure, have darker skin and are wearing outfits meant to evoke nineteenth-century Egypt. The painting was used to publicize the anti-immigration agenda of the far-right AfD (Alternative für Deutschland) party.

Since its establishment in 2013, the AfD has transformed from a small party of Euroskeptic elites into a populist anti-immigration (and often white nationalist) epidemic.[1] Founded by economics professor Bernd Lucke, it initially gained traction with well-educated Germans frustrated about bailing out southern European countries. The party polled 4.7 percent in the 2013 national parliamentary elections and received no seats in the Bundestag. Amid the influx of migrants in 2015, the AfD fractured, and a majority faction rallied around a new leader, vocal Islamophobe Frauke Petry, later regarded as a moderate voice within the party. After adopting fierce anti-immigration rhetoric, the party’s popularity snowballed alongside other far-right movements: in state elections this September, the AfD received 27.5 percent of the vote in Saxony and 23.5 percent in Brandenburg. In the May European Parliament elections, the AfD won eleven out of ninety-six German seats.

The Gérôme poster, a high-profile part of that election’s campaign, deploys the typical far-right tactic of racist and xenophobic paranoia mongering. At the top of the Gérôme poster, big white sans-serif lettering proclaims: “So that Europe doesn’t become Eurabia!”[2] “Eurabia” is a term associated with an Islamaphobic conspiracy theory that describes a hypothetical future version of Europe, one culturally and politically subservient to “Islamic powers.” Those who believe in Eurabia argue that Europe’s subordination is discreetly underway or already complete, helped along by profiting European politicians and powerful governmental lobbies.

The party was predictably derided for the poster’s ferocious racism. The thirty copies placed around Berlin were so frequently defaced or removed that the party had campaign workers running around replacing them almost daily.[3] The Clark Art Institute in Massachusetts, which owns the painting, strongly condemned the AfD’s usage. Though the image is in the public domain, the US museum wrote to the AfD urging them to cease and desist. Ronald Gläser, a party spokesperson, described this as “a futile attempt to gag the AfD,” asserting that the “public has the right to find out the truth about the possible consequences of illegal mass immigration.”[4]

• • •

The Eurabia theory was popularized by Gisèle Littman (writing under the pseudonym Bat Ye’or) in 2005.[5] Littman dated the birth of the conspiracy to the oil crisis of 1973, when the Arab League and the European Economic Community (later subsumed into the EU) established a short-lived conference system that aimed to stabilize economic and political relations between the two entities.[6] The term “Eurabia” is usually attributed to Littman, but before it was a conspiracy theory, it was a small French journal published by the European Coordinating Committee of Friendship Societies with the Arab World, which was founded in 1972.[7] A quarterly providing updates on developments in Euro-Arab cooperation, Eurabia published at least three issues beginning in 1975. Unlike Eurabia, Littman believes that the dialogue turned Europe into “an instrument of Arab policy,” citing instances of European condemnation of Israeli military behavior and increased anti-Americanism as symptoms of Arab political control.[8] Europe will become “a political satellite of the Arab and Muslim world” and fall under Islamic rule, causing the repression of white European culture. She goes on to claim that Jews and Christians have historically been required to “accept the restrictive and humiliating subordination to an ascendant Islamic power to avoid enslavement or death,” and that this repression is now an imminent threat across all of Europe due to the “active collusion” of pro-immigration European politicians. (Littman’s attitudes are perhaps marked by her biography: she was born Jewish in Egypt and moved to Europe in her early twenties, fleeing the Suez Crisis.) To her, migration is a positive feedback loop, a key effect and catalyst of nascent Eurabia, and the migrants are the vehicles for transporting poisonous anti-Zionist and anti-American beliefs to Europe.

Littman’s theory informs scads of alt-right blog posts, as well as several self-published books by Norwegian blogger Peder Are Nøstvold Jensen, who writes under the pen name Fjordman. Jensen inspired mass murder in Norway in 2011, when Anders Behring Breivik detonated a fertilizer-based bomb outside the prime minister’s Oslo office, killing eight. Hours later, he shot and killed sixty-nine young adults at a youth camp organized by the country’s labor party (Arbeiderpartiet). In a fifteen-hundred-page manifesto, Breivik cites Jensen’s writing about Eurabia as motivation. Before long, global media coverage of the Breivik attacks had popularized the term. Shortly after the attack, Littman expressed regret that her writing had been involved. On the other hand, Jens Maier, an AfD member of the Bundestag, called Breivik “a victim of the prevailing circumstances.” “Breivik became a mass murderer out of desperation,” he said in 2017.[9]

• • •

Gérôme’s work epitomizes the French academic style of painting. After his studies at the École des Beaux Arts, he toured Egypt and neighboring countries for several months in 1856 and again in 1862. On his return, he began to paint what he claimed to have seen, catering to the public’s appetite for visual insight into the cultures of the Arab world. The images he produced became canonical documents of Orientalism, the name given to the intertwined discourses in the arts and academia through which “European culture gained in strength and identity by setting itself off against the Orient as a sort of surrogate and even underground self,” as Edward Said puts it in his groundbreaking book on the subject. In fact, the cover of his Orientalism bears another of Gérôme’s paintings, The Snake Charmer, also owned by the Clark.

Typically, Orientalist paintings claimed to document the Eastern world (photography was too young to fill that function), using the restrained brushstrokes of academic realism to produce the effect of objectivity. They thus served as visual aids to anchor and reproduce the exoticizing fantasy Europeans had about what the nations of the East and their residents were like. Gérôme’s exacting style allowed The Slave Market to masquerade as documentation. His paintings, despite being mere illustrations, played a deceptive evidentiary role: he had been there and seen with his own eyes, and had the marvelous ability to render these delicious visions on canvas! “All aspects of the Orient are there,” wrote critic Émile-Louis Galichon about another of Gérôme’s paintings in 1863, rattling off traits that list the qualities of the nineteenth-century stereotype: “Its implacable fatalism, its passive submission, its eternal tranquility, its brazen insults and its ruthless cruelty.”

The Slave Market was first exhibited at the Salon of 1867.[10] In his favorable review of the exhibition, critic Maxime Du Camp asserted that the painting had been done “on the spot” in a Cairo slave market during Gérôme’s second trip there in 1862. Sarah Lees, an associate curator at the Clark, writes that Gérôme probably composed The Slave Market in his studio in France in 1866, mining his imagination to update a very similar composition he had made in 1857. In that earlier painting, the man examining the slave’s teeth is wearing a classical toga. (The painting also prefigures Gérôme’s 1884 painting, A Roman Slave Market.) The events depicted were possibly based on the Orientalist writer Gérard de Nerval’s description of slave markets he claimed to have seen on his own travels. The details were probably borrowed from a variety of sketches, conglomerating details from many distant locales into a singular representation of the entire Arab world as seen through the eyes of a Frenchman.[11] Moreover, Gérôme’s contemporary Edward Strahan noted in 1881 that the woman in the painting so resembled Cleopatra in Gérôme’s Cleopatra and Caesar (also painted in 1866) that Gérôme may have used the same Parisian figure model. As Lees puts it, this provides “a certain irony for the informed viewer in seeing the same figure as both queen and slave. ... Despite the difference in their social status, however, their sexual status is nearly equivalent, as the figure in Cleopatra and Caesar is only marginally more clothed.”

• • •

Orientalist painters complemented their tight brushwork with a liberal dose of sensory detail. The Slave Market brought the imagined Orient closer by making its exotic sensations accessible from Europe; at the same time, it held those colonized at an unbridgeable moral distance by chronicling their purported cruelty. The details turned their characters into depersonalized avatars of their race, aesthetic objects for consumption, mannequins for their exoticized clothing and behavior. The painting “guarantee[s] through sober ‘objectivity’ the unassailable Otherness of the characters,” as art historian Linda Nochlin puts it. Meanwhile it affords its viewer the vicarious pleasure of the characters’ less sophisticated indulgences: “the male viewer of the 19th century was invited sexually to identify himself with, yet morally to distance himself from, his Oriental counterparts,” she writes. To her, Gérôme seems to be saying, “‘I am merely taking careful note of the fact that the less enlightened races indulge in the trade in naked women—but isn’t it arousing!’”

Oddly, the woman in the painting is noticeably detached from her surroundings: her shoulders are relaxed, and she leans on one hip like a classical nude. Gérôme decided to prioritize producing a delicious object for aesthetic appreciation over a suffering character deserving of empathy, a choice that seems like it should undermine the AfD’s point. Nonetheless, the AfD uses the same image that bemused and aroused a fascinated nineteenth-century audience to solicit fear. Orientalism characteristically infantilized those it depicted to make them seem fascinating and able to benefit from the influence of colonizing powers; today’s far right registers the very same characters as menacing, while deploying the woman’s body to make white Germans angry and protective. Posters alleging sexual violence have of course long served as propaganda in conflicts between Western countries: an American World War I poster depicted Germany as a gaping, drooling gorilla gripping a club with the word “Kultur” in one hand and a recoiling half-naked woman in the other; several countries used illustrated allegations of rape against the Soviet Army. Naked women transform readily into the wives or daughters of male viewers. The AfD poster urges its would-be supporters: Worry about your women!

Gérôme’s painting affirmed the nineteenth-century European viewer’s identity, while providing assurance that the lewd behavior depicted was safely at bay. Framed by its new caption, the painting depicts a possible future rather than a present elsewhere. “We did it because the picture shows clearly where the multicultural society could lead,” said AfD spokesperson Ronald Gläser. This shift dislodges the painting’s events from their spatiotemporal home in a fantasy version of colonial North Africa, relocating the scene from a past “there” to a future “here.”[12]

The poster asserts that everyone who migrated from any part of the contemporary Arab world is reducible to a nineteenth-century caricature. But conversely, it claims to reflect the contemporary world by applying twenty-first-century understandings of identity to figments of Gérôme’s imagination. The AfD means for this woman to be perceived as a white Eurabia resident of European descent. According to Maxime Du Camp, the character represented in the painting was meant to be from Abyssinia, a historical region of East Africa. It is unclear whether Du Camp, who often used Gérôme’s paintings as a springboard for his own dubious Orientalist musings, can be trusted to know the painter’s intentions. Nonetheless, a straightforward attempt to ascribe European ethnicity or the twenty-first-century conception of whiteness to the figure is dubious at best.

• • •

Like the Gérôme poster, previous AfD campaign materials have often used white female bodies to incite racist sentiment. A poster from the 2017 national parliamentary campaign features an image of a reclining pregnant woman, cropped so as to emphasize her broad smile and round belly. “New Germans?” read the caption, “We will make them ourselves.” Another poster from the same campaign shows two bikini-clad young women walking away from the camera toward the ocean. “Burkas?” it reads, “We prefer bikinis.”[13] Other AfD campaigns have often directly attempted to make white women scared for their safety. In 2017, an AfD youth group near Bad-Kreuznach in Rhineland-Palatinate, a quite liberal state in the west, handed out pepper spray to teenage girls and was overheard instructing them to use it “to protect yourself against North Africans.” In advance of the September 2019 state elections, the Saxony division of the AfD circulated a design for a poster that depicted a cowering naked woman with her hands cuffed to a radiator. A silhouetted arm holds a sabre. “Pepper spray doesn’t always help,” reads the copy.[14]

The party also made use of several other old paintings in its May campaign, which was titled “Learning from Europe’s History.”[15] A spokesperson claimed that the campaign called for the defense of “common values” evidenced by “numerous motifs,” the phrasing suggesting that the AfD wants to use old art as proof of the timelessness of their agenda. Appealing to the authority of old art to legitimize current racist agendas is not a new strategy. The racial scientists of the nineteenth century leaned on the aesthetic merits of the Apollo Belvedere for credibility in asserting the biological superiority of the white man. The sculpture served as the paragon of whiteness in Josiah C. Nott and George R. Gliddon’s infamous Types of Mankind (1854). The use of high culture material is not new to contemporary far-right populist movements, either.[16] Even so, the AfD takes a peculiar, ironic approach to these images, which are used as decontextualized pretty pictures; the captions demonstrate total disinterest in the paintings’ historical meanings.[17]

Nor do the paintings have a lot in common. Two sixteenth-century portraits of men made out of plants by the Italian painter Giuseppe Arcimboldo are used to caricature Green Party members. The caption of a little-known seventeenth-century rendering of the decapitation of St. John the Baptist represents migrants as violent barbarians who should be barred from the EU. A sixteenth-century Flemish painting of two men handling money bears a complaint about Germany getting fiscally ripped off.[18] The indifference to context is almost mocking in its obliviousness.[19] The reality is that the AfD does not need historically accurate arguments or cultural credibility derived from bourgeois art objects to provoke fear.

We can expect atrociousness from the far right. Seeing the party’s numbers rise despite (or because of) its vicious visual culture is terrifying. It is no less scary to see its rhetoric seep across party lines and get soaked up and deployed by purportedly moderate parties. In September, the German president-elect of the European Commission announced plans for a rebrand that included changing the title of the EU commissioner of migration to commissioner for “protecting our European way of life.” The president-elect, Ursula von der Leyen, is a member of the Christian Democratic Union, the center-right party of Angela Merkel, who herself has condemned far-right xenophobia. Von der Leyen’s phrasing recalls Littman’s paranoia and echoes Jensen’s word choice in his book Defeating Eurabia: “The crucial point is to stress that Islam cannot be reformed nor reconciled with our way of life.” Illustrations of pseudo-Orientalist panregional dystopias become especially dangerous when their logics leak into the casual rhetoric of the center.


          

Prostitution reform should penalise sex-buyers - NCPE

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The National Commission for the Promotion of Equality (NCPE) has welcomed most measures in the proposed reform on human trafficking and prostitution.

In particular, it commends efforts to combat human trafficking through prevention, awareness-raising and the strengthening of laws and protection mechanisms. The NCPE also welcomes plans to "decriminalise prostitutes" and enhance support for persons to exit prostitution.

In addition to the measures outlined in the consultation document, the NCPE is proposing a legal framework that penalises sex-buyers, underlining that prostitution is not gender-neutral since the absolute majority of prostitutes are women and the absolute majority of clients, pimps and traffickers are men.

"In fact, a defining feature of prostitution is power and control of men over women, which both reflects and reinforces a patriarchal society."

"The proposal to penalise sex-buyers is based on the recognition that prostitution is a vicious cycle rife with physical and psychological violence, whereby increased supply creates more demand and, in turn, more need for supply, effectively encouraging pimps and traffickers to actively find and force more women into prostitution. Penalising sex-buyers would break this cycle by disrupting the sex market."

It is to be noted that the experiences of countries that legalised prostitution were largely negative, the NCPE said. "For example, in the Netherlands and in Germany, where prostitution has been legal for a number of years, the sex industry grew exponentially and extreme exploitative conditions for prostitutes were in no way addressed.  On the other hand, countries such as Sweden that criminalised the purchase of sexual services, reported largely positive results such as a shrinking sex industry and a reduction in human trafficking. Other countries that criminalised the purchase of sexual services include Canada, France, Iceland, Israel, Northern Ireland, Norway and the Republic of Ireland."

Moreover, prostitution does not only affect prostitutes and clients, but also society in general since it promotes and normalizes the perception of women as sex objects, thus reinforcing gender inequality and gender stereotypes, the NCPE said.

The NCPE deems that the point of departure of any reform should be that prostitution has very negative effects on both the individuals involved as well as society at large, and that everyone should be in a position of not having to opt for prostitution.

The NCPE is also suggesting regulation and enforcement in relation to massage parlours and temporary work agencies in order to ensure that these are used for their stated purpose and do not act as fronts for prostitution and/or human trafficking. Additionally, it is recommending that strip clubs offer alternative entertainment due to their reinforcement of gender inequality and the objectification of women.



          

Bytte Varmtvannsbereder

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Bytte Varmtvannsbereder

Bytte Varmtvannsbereder is the best online store if you are looking for a company, which supplies and installs hot water heaters at the lowest prices in Norway. Our OSO water heaters can be found in several households in Norway offering not just hot water but pure well-being with the most energy-efficient products on the market. Visit our official website today and place your order for the best water heater you find.


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: Unsettled & cold - Milder east, 11 07 - 05:43

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Staying unsettled and cold for much of central and western Europe, milder in the east Thursday Rain affecting northern Spain on Thursday, some of it heavy. Central and southern Spain should be dry with sunny spells, although sopme showers may affect far southern coasts and hills. Showers in the Balearics with further showers in Corsica and Sardinia. Heavy showers, some thundery for southern Italy and Sicily. Showers too for western Greece but dry for most. Turkey shoud be dry with good spells of sunshine. Rain and wind for the west of France, few showers in the east. Some heavy periods of rain in the Low Countries, these also affecting the far west of Germany. eastern Germany should be dry with sunny spells although Poland will too be dry. Some showers for Jungary but dry in Austria. Rain in western Switzerland. Denmark will have sunny spells and scatered showers. These scattered showers affecting the Baltic States too. Finland will be chilly and dry. A few showers in eastern Sweden but dry elsewhere. Mostly dry and chilly in Norway.

Friday Wet in northern a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Spain.htm" TARGET="_top">Spain through Friday. The south will be dry and sunny but cold. Showers and rain in the Balearics and this rain will be affecting Corsica and Sardinia too. More rain in central and northern parts of Spain. a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Greece.htm" TARGET="_top">Greece will have a few showers in the west. Much of Turkey should be dry and sunny. Rain affects western a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/France.htm" TARGET="_top">France. Brighter and drier to the north and east. More showers to come in the Low Countries with rain for southern Germany. Northern Germany should be dry. Poland will be dry and mild with sunny spells, wilst it also stays dry in Hungary. Austria and Switzerland will hacve periods of rain. Denmark will have a mix of sunshine and showers. More rain in southern a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Sweden.htm" TARGET="_top">Sweden. The Baltic States will be mild with broken cloud with mild weather too in Finland. Norway will be chilly ad dry with sunshine.


          

Sales Director

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Sales Director, Southeast (Florida, Georgia, North and South Carolina)About HurtigrutenHurtigruten is the world leader in exploration travel. As the largest cruise operator in polar waters, and with 125 years of know-how, we offer immersive experiences to some of the world"---s most pristine and remote destinations, including Antarctica, Arctic Canada and the Northwest Passage, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Svalbard, and more. Hurtigruten"---s fleet consists of 14 expedition ships, custom built for adventure travel. In 2019 and 2020, two new groundbreaking ships will be delivered; MS Roald Amundsen and MS Fridtjof Nansen will be the most advanced and environmentally friendly expedition vessels at sea, as well as the world"---s first hybrid electric-powered cruise ships. Hurtigruten is an industry leader in sustainability, with a deep commitment to improving the marine environments we call home.We"---re looking for an experienced -Sales Director -for the Southeast territory (Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas). The Southeast Sales Director is responsible for maximizing expedition cruise sales by cultivating strong travel agent relationships, driving brand awareness, and identifying new agency prospects. This position will also work with Hurtigruten's GSA network in South America and Mexico.Responsibilities---Maintain effective strategic relationships with travel agent partners"--- front line staff, executives, marketing and sales teams---Maintain and manage applicable sales agreements, including reporting, commissions, back- end incentives and marketing plans---Set targets, develop, coordinate and implement annual sales/marketing plans with key accounts---Strengthen relationships and achieve growth with key preferred accounts through regular sales contact and informative updates with respect to their productivity and progress; offer sales assistance when appropriate---Provide detailed in-house and webinar product/sales training---Co- organize and host client (consumer) presentations and product information sessions---Escort familiarization trips for travel agents as necessary---Identify and develop new business opportunities---Evaluate ROI of potential trade and consumer shows/events and participate where beneficial. Continually identify new shows/events that would be beneficial to the brand.---Stay abreast of competitor activities and general trends within the industry. Provide feedback to relevant team members.---Ensure that weekly sales reports are accurate, detailed, and submitted within the desired time frame using Salesforce---Utilize Salesforce reports to provide useful information to agents during every call and in regular e-mail communication.---Actively seek , foster and close group business; coordinate with group sales manager & provide relevant assistance throughout the process---Manage T&E budget in the most cost effective way, being mindful of established policies.Requirements---College Degree or equivalent relevant experience required---5+ years strong sales and executive account management experience required---Fluent in Spanish preferred---Must reside in Florida, Georgia, North or South Carolina-- - -BenefitsHurtigruten provides an excellent benefits package which includes: competitive compensation, employer paid Medical, Vision, Dental, EAP, 401k with 4% match, 10 paid Holidays, 3 weeks of vacation (increasing to 4 weeks of vacation), 7 personal days, familiarization trips, excellent employee discounts, and more!-- - -
          

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What is the best menopause medicine? Treatments may include: Hormone therapy. Estrogen therapy is the most effective treatment option for relieving menopausal hot flashes. Vaginal estrogen. Low-dose antidepressants. Gabapentin (Neurontin, Gralise, others). Clonidine (Catapres, Kapvay, others). Medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis.
How long should you take HRT? For the vast majority of women under 60 years, the benefits of HRT outweigh the risks. HRT is also recommended for young women to take following an early menopause and they need to take it until they are at least 51 years. There is no set length of time that you should take HRT for.
Can you get a false positive pregnancy test in perimenopause? The hormone can remain in your blood and urine for up to six weeks following the end of the pregnancy. It's possible to have a false - positive test until your hCG levels return to their prepregnancy state.
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She shares son Eissa Al Mana, two, with ex-husband, Qatari billionaire Wissam Al Mana. The incredible images were taken by Belgian photographer Giel Sweertvaegher, who recently visited Nepal for two weeks and was blown away by the diversity of the landscape. Anthony Cailan was hailed recently as a rising star in the wine world. Now four women have come forward with allegations of sexual abuse. DOMINIC SANDBROOK We are only a few days into the election campaign and the conspiracy theories have already begun. 5mg endometrin online uk. Mr. Gaines chronicled the lives and struggles of black people in the South before the civil rights era; The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman is his best-known work. HLN's Jennifer Westhoven lists the top airports for passengers with long layovers. Toni Tipton-Martins recipes celebrate African-American cooking. This one is astonishingly good. Kayla Vallez was found dead in her overturned car on Sunday morning after a caller alerted authorities that he saw her Honda Accord at an embankment on the Tioga Pass. Ryan Giggs has criticised brain injury charity Headway for questioning Wales' medical department following an apparent concussion incident involving winger Daniel James. The deal represents an aggressive attempt by Google to bolster its lineup of hardware products. How did a piece of piping installed when Richard Nixon was U.S. president go without once being checked before leading to a fire that devastated the East Coast's largest and oldest oil refinery? A security guard who was shot in the face during a drive-by shooting outside a popular Melbourne nightclub has died in hospital. At least four men were shot as the gunman remains at large. NBA ROUND-UP The Phoenix Suns surprising start to the NBA season continued on Monday night as they downed the Philadelphia 76ers inspired by Devin Booker (left). Reality fiction is a publishing sensation in Norway. But some have accused the countrys most high-profile writers of revealing intimate secrets under the guise of fiction. Asian markets were mixed Wednesday, with SoftBank investors jittery ahead of the company's quarterly earnings report. Journalist Steve Pennells lost 20 kilos and gained a six-pack of abs after he was 'fat shamed' online for a story he was featured in topless. Many Britons and Americans have grown so stubbornly devoted to a single point that they are happily forgetting everything they once stood for. A suspect has been arrested in the massacre of nine family members from a Mormon community on the Mexican side of the border with the United States, Mexican authorities said Tuesday. Far from neighbors and close to nature, these standout resorts prove that seclusion can take many different forms. Reece James has etched his name into the record books after becoming Chelsea's youngest Champions League scorer. The 19-year-old came off the bench to score the fourth against Ajax. Buy endometrin 100 effervescent. Stressed Neve is struggling to support her troubled family so almost feels as if she deserves her affair with her mercurial boss. Guests and staff at the Tangalooma Island Resort on Moreton Island - off the south-east Queensland coast - have been told to stay away from tap water or boil it after it became contaminated with E. coli. Security experts have raised serious concerns about how easy it is for fraudsters to hack into Amazon accounts. A 17-year-old learner driver has been charged after allegedly leading police on a high-speed chase in a stolen car while drunk along a busy highway on the Sunshine Coast, north of Brisbane. This stunning collection of intricate works of art by Russian jeweller and goldsmith Peter Carl Faberg is what the Royal family has amassed in more than a century. It tries to make things disappear. On social media and in interviews, many are saying the chicken sandwich comes across as endometrin authentically black. The look of the city, known for its Vancouverism design, is changing as the real estate market adapts to the spread of luxury housing and a tech-fueled office boom. Penny Lancaster, 48, is set to appear on Paul O'Grady's For the Love of Dogs on ITV with the rescue dog, Blondie, who she adopted from Battersea Dogs Home with her husband Rod Stewart. Kayla Vallez was found dead in her overturned car on Sunday morning after a caller alerted authorities that he saw her Honda Accord at an embankment on the Tioga Pass. Coca-Cola may be the most popular soda brand in the world, but it is also the largest plastic polluter as well. A new audit found it contributes to more littler than the next top three polluters combined. In choosing him, President Trump is passing over the acting F.D.A. commissioner, Norman E. Sharpless, who has been running the agency since Scott Gottlieb resigned last spring.
          

The agenda of the Nobel Peace Prize

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Why Obama got a Nobel Peace Prize for nothing — and Trump never will for anything


President Barack Obama’s first act as a Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2009 — nine months after he took the oath of office — was to try to wriggle out of accepting it.
“The morning the prize was announced, his staff investigated whether anyone had failed to travel to Oslo to receive their prize,” writes Nobel insider Geir Lundestad in “The World’s Most Prestigious Prize” (Oxford), out this month.
Apparently, the president was among the 61 percent of Americans who believed he didn’t deserve it.
“It is true, Obama did not do much before winning,” Lundestad, 74, a member of Norway’s Nobel Committee until 2014, told The Post. “But he represented the ideals of the committee. And when we have an American president who supports that message, we like to strengthen him.”
Obama’s advisers soon decided the honor could not be refused. But as ridicule rained down on the committee for handing a peacemaker’s award to a man who was ordering drone strikes on civilians overseas, the White House grew increasingly hesitant, dithering for weeks over how much of the traditional three-day awards gala he would attend.
In the end, Obama stayed just long enough to deliver an acceptance speech that tried to justify the wars he was waging in Iraq and Afghanistan — rationalizations that visibly irked First Lady Michelle Obama.“Did you have to go there?” she asked when he concluded, according to Lundestad’s book.
The committee’s risky choice backfired, Lundestad admits, as the new president took flak from all sides for accepting it before he had accomplished any of his lofty foreign policy goals. Even supporters like Washington Post columnist Ruth Marcus called the prize “ridiculous — embarrassing, even.” David Axelrod, a top Obama advisor, said it was “more of a surreal challenge than a cause for celebration.”
Enlarge ImageAuthor Geir Lundestad
Author Geir LundestadKyodo via AP Images
“It would be difficult, even impossible, for Obama to live up to the enormous expectations,” Lundestad writes. “I personally greatly doubted their decision.”
But the committee members took the chance out of sheer exultation that a Republican no longer resided in the White House, Lundestad suggests in his book, an expanded English-language version of a memoir he published in Norwegian in 2015.
Of the 100 Nobel Peace Prizes bestowed since 1901, 22 of them have gone to Americans — far more than any other nation in the world. The entire continent of Africa has produced only 11 Peace Prize winners, including this year’s laureate, Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia.
It’s a matter of geopolitics, Lundestad explained. “It is always Norwegian policy to maintain a good relationship with the United States,” he said. “Russia is our neighbor, and we need a big friend.”
The Nobel Committee, under the terms of Alfred Nobel’s 1895 will, is made up of prominent Norwegians who share a particular worldview.
The resulting philosophy of “liberal internationalism” prioritizes globalist organizations over national governments and boosts ideas like arms control and environmentalism.
“To Norwegians it is almost as if the USA is split in two,” Lundestad writes. “A liberal and democratic country with which we feel solidarity and a conservative country for which we have little respect.”
Three of the four prize-winning American presidents have been Democrats: Obama, Woodrow Wilson and Jimmy Carter. The sole Republican is Theodore Roosevelt, who won it in 1906 as a progressive whose outlook bears little resemblance to that of today’s GOP.
Almost all of the other US honorees — such as Al Gore, Martin Luther King Jr. and anti-nuclear activist Linus Pauling — have been on the left end of our political spectrum. “The warmth of our relationship with the US is of course much higher with a left-of-center president,” Lundestad said.
Ronald Reagan was pointedly snubbed in 1990 when the Soviet Union’s Mikhail Gorbachev won a solo Peace Prize for ending the Cold War.
“Gorbachev was not a true democrat, obviously,” Lundestad said — making him one of the committee’s most controversial picks. But Reagan’s peace-through-strength policies were so unpopular in Norway that a Nobel for him was unthinkable.
President Trump has been nominated for the prize by two Norwegian legislators — valid nominators, under committee rules — for his peace overtures to North Korea. But his “America First” ideology and aversion to globalism make him an equally unlikely candidate. “I probably will never get it,” Trump said in February. “I think I’ll get a Nobel Prize for a lot of things — if they gave it out fairly, which they don’t,” Trump complained again during September’s UN General Assembly.
It’s the one thing on which Lundestad and the president agree.
“I would be extremely surprised if Donald Trump ever received the Nobel Peace Prize,” Lundestad said. “He may say he wants to bring peace to the Middle East or the Korean Peninsula, but he has not accomplished anything,” he added. “And his policies do not fall into line with the ideas of liberal internationalism” — no matter how those efforts may turn out.

          

Banned in Norway

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How do you get banned in Norway?  Growing up in the late sixties and early seventies I became aware of the irreverent, surreal satire and absurd humor of Monty Python’s Flying Circus.  The Britishness of their humor was an interesting contrast with the closest American absurdist ensemble – the National Lampoon Radio Hour, but it … Continue reading Banned in Norway

The post Banned in Norway appeared first on Prime Passages.


          

Teaching at USN continues

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It was in 2017 when the first edition of the course “Introduction in Architecture & Architectural Lightning Design” started at the University College of Southeast Norway (USN). The course objective is to pursuit through lectures and workshops the essentials of architectural lightning; from its design history, existing roles, design processes of architecture, sense of materials, […]
          

Now recyclers can empty an entire bag of drink containers in seconds: introducing TOMRA R1 

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Global reverse vending leader TOMRA has today unleashed the highly-anticipated TOMRA R1, which enables recyclers to pour over 100 empty beverage containers into the machine in one go – rather than inserting them one by one.

Tailored to larger stores and redemption facilities collecting high volumes of containers, TOMRA R1 offers a more user-friendly and convenient recycling experience. This can attract visitors and increase the volume of containers returned, leading to increased loyalty and revenues for retailers. TOMRA R1 hits the market today in Norway and Sweden, and for redemption centers in the US, and will roll out to other markets in the months ahead. It will be on show at EuroShop, the world’s largest retail trade fair, on 16-20 February in Dusseldorf.

“The machine is totally fantastic! Customers love it, and we definitely have customers coming to the store because of it,” explained Fredrik Hallenstvedt, Store Manager at Meny Borreveien in Norway, one of the testing locations for TOMRA R1. “Since installing the machine we have experienced over 200% growth in the volume of containers compared to the year before.”

How does it work?

Shoppers simply open the hatch and pour their empty cans and plastic bottles into the machine, and close the lid to begin the counting and sorting process. They then collect their voucher and start shopping. Ineligible containers are returned to the user via the reject chute.

Attractive recycling results in more store visits and spending

The multi-feed TOMRA R1 has been tested in the field by retailers and recyclers in Norway and Sweden since 2016. Test stores registered an up to 60% increase in the number of consumer recycling sessions compared to the year before, and up to 218% more containers returned. Consumer response to TOMRA R1 has been enormous, with a demonstration video uploaded to social media by one of the tests stores now viewed over 425,000 times. Making recycling easy for consumers also enables retailers to demonstrate their sustainability commitments.

With an accessible product design, the new TOMRA R1 is easy to clean and maintain. TOMRA R1 is also the first RVM with an operator interface screen located inside the machine, so store personnel have all the information they need at their fingertips.

For recyclers, TOMRA R1 provides a mess-free recycling experience as there is no need to handle each bottle – so consumers can do their part for the planet without getting their hands sticky. TOMRA R1 is also intuitive to use, reduces queues, and offers efficient and fast recycling. When returning over 100 beverage containers, recycling at TOMRA R1 is up to five times faster than using a single-feed solution, since containers do not need to be inserted one by one​. ​

A 2018 TOMRA survey of Nordic consumers revealed that recyclers are valuable customers because they bring extra store traffic, tend to use their deposit refund for shopping at the store where they recycle, and spend more money at each store visit. 40% also choose where they recycle based on the quality of the recycling experience: preferring shorter queues and a clean, fast reverse vending solution.

“TOMRA R1 enables stores and redemption centers to offer the best recycling experience and truly wow their customers,” said Harald Henriksen, Head of TOMRA Collection Solutions. “The multi-feed concept fundamentally transforms the recycling experience. During our tests we have seen recyclers come with trailers full of containers, drive past other stores in order to use TOMRA R1, and tag family and friends on social media encouraging them to try it out.”

Features at a glance

Bringing together the premium products from different categories in TOMRA’s reverse vending portfolio, TOMRA R1 can pair with the T9 reverse vending machine to add handling of glass containers, and connect to TOMRA’s MultiPac Air high-speed, high-capacity storage cabinets.

TOMRA partners with retailers on TOMRA R1 in offering reverse vending as a service, not merely being a supplier of machinery. ​As well as the cutting-edge reverse vending equipment, TOMRA is offering the product as part of an all-inclusive package:

TOMRA R1 is powered by TOMRA Flow Technology for industry-leading recognition and system integrity​, and compatible with TOMRA’s full portfolio of Digital products, which add value for both recyclers and retailers.

For redemption centers, TOMRA R1 empowers facilities to move toward automated returns and away from manual, over-the-counter handling of containers, or to increase a facility’s capacity by moving from single-feed machines to multi-feed offerings.

Retailers can contact TOMRA or their local TOMRA representative to arrange a demonstration of the new TOMRA R1 multi-feed reverse vending solution.

Notes for editors

Locations with test versions of TOMRA R1:

Eager recyclers can try out preview versions of TOMRA R1 at the following stores:

  • Rema 1000 Gystadparken (Norway)
  • COOP OBS Lillestrøm (Norway)
  • Meny Borreveien (Norway)
  • ICA Kvantum Kvissleby (Sweden)
  • MaxiMat Töcksfors (Sweden)
  • ICA Maxi Eskilstuna (Sweden)
  • ICA Maxi Hälla (Sweden)
  • City Gross Växsjö (Sweden)

Quotes from store managers testing out TOMRA R1:

  • “The machine is totally fantastic! Customers love it, and the machine definitely attracts more people to our store. Since installing the machine we have experienced over 200% growth in the volume of containers compared to the year before.”
  • “We have gotten a lot of positive feedback. We have customers saying ‘since your store has such a nice machine, we will buy our groceries here at the same time’.”
  • “I am really happy with it. Customers come to our store to recycle, and then do their shopping here, too. We recently had two new competitors move next door, but we are still experiencing growth. I believe the new machine is a contributing factor.”

See the full case study with test store MaxiMat Töcksfors in Sweden.

Contact tcs.media@tomra.com if you have any questions, need images or would like to arrange to speak to the TOMRA team.


          

Kia Optima Sedan Stolen at Apartment Complex Near Route 53 and Dundee Rd, Unincorporated Palatine

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Cook County Sheriff’s Police received a report about 7:09 AM Tuesday November 5, 2019 of a stolen auto at an apartment complex in the block of 1500 Norway Lane near the intersection of Norway Lane and and Silver Lane Palatine, IL. Police received a report that an unknown offender or offenders to a black 2006 […]
          

Iz zemlje Vikinga stiže nam 22 milijuna eura: novac je namijenjen hrvatskim poduzetnicima, evo tko se sve može javiti na natječaj

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Do kraja godine očekuje se objava prvog natječaja za Norveške darovnice (Norway Grants) namijenjene hrvatskim poduzetnicima iz programa “Inovacije,
          

'Islamism in Practice': Proposal of Separate Muslim Child Welfare Service Inflames Norway

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Norway's Child Welfare Service has previously received a lot of international criticism for its habit of taking away children in a manner often seen as random and erratic and even likened to kidnapping.
          

Norway's Equinor Claims 'One of the Biggest Oil Discoveries of the Year' in North Sea

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The Fram field in the North Sea is expected to harbour up to 100 million barrels. It is conveniently placed and is expected to commence production at short notice.
          

Norway Claims to Achieve 'New Capabilities' as F-35 Declared Operational – Photo, Video

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With 52 F-35s by 2025, Norway is on its way to becoming one of the foremost users of the US-made fighter jets in Europe.
          

Under New Deal, Australian Women's And Men's Soccer Will Get Equal Share Of Revenue

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The deal will lift salaries for the Matildas by 90% and promises parity in training and travel. Norway and New Zealand have made similar moves, as a lawsuit against U.S. Soccer continues.
          

CP-North: living life in the Nordic countries? A retrospective register research protocol on individuals with cerebral palsy and their parents living in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland.

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CP-North: living life in the Nordic countries? A retrospective register research protocol on individuals with cerebral palsy and their parents living in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland. Alriksson-Schmidt, A; Ahonen, M; Andersen, GL; Eggertsdottir, G; Haula, T; Jahnsen, R; Jarl, J; Jeglinsky-Kankainen, I; Jonsdottir, G; Seid, AK; Asgeirsdottir, TL; Moller-Madsen, B; Nordbye-Nielsen, K; Saha, S; Steskal, D; Sääksvuori, L; Hägglund, G
          

Wartsila Inert Gas Units With Groundbreaking Titanium Construction Selected for Worlds Largest Ever Spar Platform

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A new spar platform being built for Statoil’s Aasta Hansteen field off the coast of Norway will feature Wärtsilä’s Inert Gas and Nitrogen Generator systems. The contract has been issued in the first quarter 2014 by Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) of South Korea, the yard building the platform. The Wärtsilä Inert Gas Generator will utilise titanium in its construction, the first time ever that this material has been used in such a system. Titanium was preferred due to its superior corrosion
          

[kudlaty @ kudlaty] Near Tromsø, Norway

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0254 65bd 400

Near Tromsø, Norway

[Reposted from kinolux via hash]


          

The future is electric and self-driving

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The rise of electric vehicles (EVs) and autonomous vehicles (AVs) is inevitable, according to Jacob Schram, senior adviser for McKinsey and Co., New York. Before his time at McKinsey, Schram spent 22 years as the group president and CEO of Circle K Europe in Norway. He said he became convinced of the inevitability of EVs and AVs after his time there.
          

Pánska lyžiarská/snb bunda Phenix 3v1 nová veľkosť L/50 - 11 500

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Predám ( vymením za niečo v tej hodnote) úplne novú špičkovú lyžiarskú bundu značky Phenix. Veľkosť L/50 . V prípade potreby premeriam.Originálna bunda národného nórskeho tímu v alpskom lyžovaní Phenix Norway Alpine Team je funkčný športový kúsok, kt ...
          

Reforming to Survive: The Bolshevik Origins of Social Policies – A Works in Progress Presentation by Magnus B. Rasmussen

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Reforming to Survive: The Bolshevik Origins of Social Policies – A Works in Progress Presentation by Magnus B. Rasmussen

<p>Rasmussen and Knutsen assess their argument by using original qualitative and quantitative data. First, using extensive archival resources, they document a change in perceptions of revolution, but also explicitly strategic policy concessions in early inter-war Norway. Second, they use party- and union representatives at the 1919 Comintern meeting as an indicator of the credibility of the domestic revolutionary threat in cross-national analysis. They find that states facing higher revolutionary threats expanded various social policies to a much greater extent, and some of these differences persist up until today.</p> <p>Magnus B. Rasmussen is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Oslo. His academic interests include comparative political economy, welfare state development, inequality and redistribution, labor market regulation and working time, trade unions and corporatism, and electoral systems.</p> <p>The Works in Progress presentations are intended to foster interdisciplinary conversations among Europeanists and others at BU. Open to faculty, graduate students, and visiting researchers. Refreshments will be served. RSVP to edamrien@bu.edu.</p>

4:00pm on Thursday, November 7th 2019


          

Kahoot! is hiring a Senior UX Designer in Oslo, Norway

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JANUS Norway 100% Merino tričko/nátelník veľ.160/S - 25

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JANUS Norway 100% Merino tričko/nátelník veľ.160/S Merino vlna je vhodná pre nosenie po celý rok, nakoľko má výborné termo-regulačné vlastnosti, je priedušná a chladivá v lete, hrejivá a izolujúca v zime. Je to 100% prírodný materiál, nevyvoláva a ...
          

NORHEIM Norway Dámske 100% Merino tričko/nátelník veľ. M - 35

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NORHEIM Norway Dámske 100% Merino tričko/nátelník veľ. M Merino vlna je vhodná pre nosenie po celý rok, nakoľko má výborné termo-regulačné vlastnosti, je priedušná a chladivá v lete, hrejivá a izolujúca v zime. Je to 100% prírodný materiál, nevyvo ...
          

Summit "Contemporary Issues in Education in Multicultural North" - Registration open

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The summit will take place in Levanger and Stjørdal, Norway in 29-30 January, 2020. The summit is co-organised by Nord University, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Sámi University of Applied Sciences and University of Lapland and is part of UArctic Thematic Network on Teacher Education for Social Justice and Diversity activities. 


          

Indian Summer, Blue Resin Necklace, Christmas Day Gift, Wood Pendant, Beachwear, Unique gift, Holiday treat, Baby shower, Artisan Jewelry by artfulresin

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46.48 GBP

A stunning wood and blue resin pendant from ArtfulResin, handmade by me in the south of Norway. This would be great beachwear for your Indian summer. It would make a great Christmas Day gift.

This statement necklace is a fusion of burl wood and blue resin. It is a lovely, one of a kind resin wood pendant that would make a unique gift for her. This blue necklace would add art to your outfit! If you are looking for a special birthday gift then look no further than this blue necklace!

•This is a made to order pendant. The piece shown in the picture is to show the shape, colour and style of the pendant you are
buying. There may be slight variation in the colour and appearance of the pendant you receive as each piece is lovingly handmade using burl wood. This piece will take roughly a week to make.

•Materials: Burl wood and blue resin. The resin is beautifully clear and through a long process of polishing we attain a glass-like finish. We use a silver plated snake chain with a lobster clasp. The wood has a lovely gloss finish.

•We have used an aluminum finding for extra strength and durability.

•Size: 65 mm (H) - 45 mm (W) - 12 mm (D) / 2.6 inches (H) – 1.8 inches (W) – 0.5 inches (D)

•Comes in a beautiful box, perfect for gifting.

•We also offer gift wrapping - just mark it as a gift when you are checking out and tick the 'gift wrap' option.


It is a lovely, one of a kind resin wood pendant that would make a unique gift for her. This resin pendant would add art to your outfit! If you are looking for a special birthday gift then look no further than this resin jewelry!

I hope you enjoy this pendant as much as I enjoyed making it.



Have something slightly different in mind? Questions? Feel free to have a chat with us: https://www.etsy.com/conversations/new?to_username=artfulresin

Back to our shop: https://www.etsy.com/shop/artfulresin


          

Flowers partners with ‘Frozen II’ on new promotion

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Grand prize is a trip for two to Norway.
          

Campaigners try again to stop Norway drilling for oil in Arctic

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  Climate campaigners are taking Norway’s government back to court to oppose its plans to open the Arctic for oil drilling despite a public commitment to tackle the environmental crisis. Greenpeace Nordic and Norway’s Nature and Youth organisation will appeal on Tuesday against the government’s decision to allow oil exploration in parts of the Arctic […]

The post Campaigners try again to stop Norway drilling for oil in Arctic appeared first on Eco Daily News.


          

Rosenborg – Sporting (Pick, Prediction, Preview)

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Rosenborg vs Sporting Prediction & Tips In matchday four of UEFA Europa League Group D, Rosenborg from Norway host Sporting Clube de Portugal. The match will be on Thursday, November 7, 2019, at 17:55, expecting a lively duel, with some favoritism for the lions, who have been much better in the race. Rosenborg are really... Read more »

The post Rosenborg – Sporting (Pick, Prediction, Preview) appeared first on 007SoccerPicks.net.


          

5th Consortium Meeting

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5th Consortium Meeting

During the meeting the progress on the project work and future development were discussed among the SHAMISEN SINGS participants represented by partners (Paola Fattibene and Sara Della Monaca from ISS, Italy; Deborah Ougthon and Yevgenia Tomkiv from NMBU, Norway; Dominique Laurier, Sylvie Charron and Jean Francois Bottollier from ISRSN, France; Pascal Croual from CEPN, France and Liudmila Liutsko from ISGlobal, Spain),  Vadim Chumak (expert from Ukraine; ) and Masaharu Tsubokura (external expert & stakeholder from FMU, Japan; supported by NERIS and IRSN).


          

On Norway’s border with Russia, unease over military buildup | The Wider Image

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On Norway's border with Russia, unease over military buildup

Under a soft winter sun in northern Norway, U.S. Marines train in the ice and snow as they learn how to fight in the freezing cold. 29 Oct 2019. Setermoen, Norway. Reuters/Stoyan Nenov U.S. marines take part in “Reindeer 2”, a Norwegian-U.S. military drill in Setermoen. “Which country is to the northeast?” Staff Sergeant Daniel […]

The post On Norway’s border with Russia, unease over military buildup | The Wider Image appeared first on EPeak World News.


          

Left Party: Norway should recognise Autonomous Administration

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Socialist Left Party (SV) Vestfold and Telemark President Greta Wold said condemning Turkey is not enough, concrete steps should be taken to stop the attacks.
          

Foden's Solo Contest

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On Saturday 2nd November Foden’s Band held their annual Solo and Ensemble competition at Sandbach School which attracted 135 competitors across 16 sections.

Speaking about the contest Andrew Rolfe commented ‘We would like to thank all those competitors and supporters who attended our 9th annual contest which included a large number of overseas visitors from Belgium, Norway and Switzerland. Once again the standard across the sections was extremely high and our adjudicators Mike Lovatt, John Doyle and Mark Wilkinson had a number of difficult decisions to make due to this. As well as adjudicating, Mike Lovatt provided an inspirational master class which left everyone in awe of his fantastic playing. The Foden’s members were kept busy all day stewarding the event as well as serving and making hot food. Ian Goldy was in attendance taking photos which have been made available to purchase via the below link. We would like to thank Kapitol Promotions and Brass Band World for inviting the winner of the Open Air Varie, Lorenz Havermans to play a recital at the Kapitol National Brass Band Finals at Cheltenham in 2020 prior to the results.

Andy continued ‘Without the support of Kapitol Promotions, Brass Band World, Hercules, Sandbach Music,  Goldy Solutions and Sandbach Town Council the event would not be able to take place. Our thanks also go to our Main sponsor Geneva Instruments for their support and for awarding a large number of instrument vouchers as prizes.

https://sales.goldy.uk/2019fodens9thsoloduetandensemblecompetition/

 

PRIZE WINNERS 2019

Class 1: 11 & Under Slow Melody

Helen Stewart Memorial Quaich

1 Annie Stuart

2 Isabelle Owen

3 Archie Pannell

 

Class 2: 12 & 13 Slow Melody

Diamond Jubilee Trophy

1 Aidan Grant

2 Olivia Taylor

3 James Gray

 

Class 3: 14 - 16 Slow Melody

B & G.J. Birch Memorial Cup

1 Milla Van Lint

2 Simon Binon

3 Edward Culpin

 

Class 4: 17 - 19 Slow Melody

Bryan Tait Trophy

1 Alfie Bousfield

2 Lynn Van de Venne

3 Martijn Binon

 

Class 5: Vintage Slow Melody

Lyndon Baglin Trophy

1 Patricia Woodings

2 Antony Sanders

3 Andrew Blackledge

 

Class 6: Open Slow Melody

Mark Wilkinson Trophy

1 Peter McDonough

2 Jonas Violet

3 Tim Pannell

 

Class 7: Under 16 Air Varie

Granville Jennings Trophy

1 Daniel Marsh

2 Alice Newbould

3 Simon Binon

 

Class 8: 16-21 Air Varie

Louise Charles Memorial Trophy

1 Thibaut de Bondt

2 Nadia James

3 Lina Van Lint

 

Class 9: Vintage Air Varie

Bramwell Tovey Award

1 Andrew Blackledge

2 Antony Sanders

3 Marrianne Garbutt

 

Class 10: Open Air Varie

Peter Fletcher President’s Trophy

1 Lorenz Havermans

2 Jonas Violet

3 Daniel Marsh

 

Class 11: 11 & Under Duet

Roy Allcock Prize

1 Rhys & Skye Stokes

2 Jasmine Squires-Evans & Rayan al Badawi

3 Sam Mati & George Walker

 

Class 12: 12 – 16 Duet

George Rolfe Memorial Cup

1 The Stuart Sisters

2 Ben Parkinson & Rowan Tjepkema

3 Hannah Taylor & Bethany Harby

 

Class 13: Open Duet

Sandbach Boys School Trophy

1 Horence Lam & Yuchen Hou

2 Martijn & Kris Binon

3 Ngo Tin Chan & Cheuk Him Chan

 

Class 13a: Parent & Child Duet

Annual Trophy

1 Isabelle Owen & her Mum

2 Jasmine Squires-Evans and her Daddy

3 Simon Binon & his dad

 

Class 14: 11 & Under Ensemble

Annual Award

1 Over Wyre Brass Ensemble

2 Over Wyre Brass Quartet

 

Class 15: 12 – 16 Ensemble

Helen McCabe Shield

Place Competitor’s Name

1 Over Wyre Youth Band Quartet

Class 16: Open Ensemble

Foden’s Band Challenge Trophy

1 Simon, Martijn & Kris Binon

 

SPECIAL PRIZE WINNERS

Overall most outstanding performance of the day: Flowcrete Trophy Jasmine Squires-Evans

Most promising local player: Sandbach Town Council Trophy Nadia James

Most promising player 11 & Under: Lions Youth Brass Trophy & Lesson Archie Pannell

Most outstanding cornet: Astute Trophy Alice Newbould

Most outstanding horn Lina Van Lint

Most outstanding Euph/Bari Lorenz/Havermans

Most outstanding Trombone Nick Stokes

Youngest player Glyn Stokes


          

These 4 European countries still have a wealth tax. Here's how it's working out for them.

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Yachts in SpainClara Margais/picture alliance via Getty Images)

  • The wealth tax has become the subject of fierce debate as progressive 2020 Democratic candidates champion it as a mechanism to redistribute wealth and curb the economic power of the wealthiest Americans.
  • Though it's a relatively new proposal in the US, many European nations adopted it decades ago.
  • The wealth tax is similar to a property tax. But instead of taxing real estate, it covers wealth in all forms: stocks, cash, jewelry, yachts, a Pablo Picasso painting — really any asset that could be appraised a monetary value.
  • Today, four European countries have a wealth tax: Spain, Norway, Switzerland, and Belgium. Here's how its working out for them.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

The wealth tax has become the subject of fierce debate as progressive Democratic candidates in the 2020 election champion it as a mechanism to redistribute riches. They also see it as a way to curb the economic power of the wealthiest Americans. Sen. Elizabeth Warren first proposed it and Sen. Bernie Sanders later followed.

Warren is pushing for a 2% tax on households with net worths above $50 million, and tripled to 6% on fortunes over $1 billion. Sanders went farther with a more aggressive plan: He wants to levy a 2% wealth tax on households with net worths over $32 million and gradually increase it to 8% on those over $1 billion.

Though it's a relatively new proposal in the US, many European nations had already adopted it decades before. 

The wealth tax is similar to a property tax. But instead of taxing real estate, it covers wealth in all forms: stocks, cash, jewelry, yachts, a Pablo Picasso painting — really any asset that could be appraised a monetary value.

Back in 1990, around a dozen European countries had a wealth tax, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Today, only four European countries have it: Spain, Norway, Switzerland, and Belgium. 

Most European governments eliminated the tax because it was problematic in design and enforcement, and France was the latest to scrap it in 2017. They often hit people with plenty of assets but little cash on hand to pay the taxman.

"They can be really difficult to administer and ensure even a moderate compliance rate," Daniel Bunn, the director of Global Projects at the nonpartisan Tax Foundation, told Business Insider.

He added that it became difficult for governments to justify the high administrative cost of enforcement as the rich were able to move assets and capital out of the country into lower-taxed jurisdictions, often within Europe.

Instead, Bunn said, European countries did away with it and doubled down on enforcing income taxes among others.

All together, European wealth taxes generally brought in around 0.2% of GDP in revenues, a study from the Cato Institute noted.

Still, four European governments are relying on wealth taxes to generate revenue. Here's how its working out for them.

Spain has a wealth tax levied on fortunes above €700,000, or just over $774,000, starting at a 0.2% rate.

Denis Doyle UEFA/UEFA via Getty Images

Spain first introduced a wealth tax (otherwise known as Patrimonio) in 1977, two years after the death of its authoritarian leader Francisco Franco. 

It kept the tax until 2008 when the global financial crisis threw the Spanish economy into a tailspin. The tax was temporarily reinstated three years later in 2011 to boost public finances, but the national government later decided to make it permanent again. 

Spain now taxes fortunes above €700,000 at 0.2%, which gradually increases to 2.5% on net worth above €10.7 million depending on the region. People living in the Spanish capital of Madrid are exempt from the tax.

Its never been a substantial generator of tax money for the Spanish government. Data from the OECD shows that a net wealth tax on individuals made up 0.55 percent of all tax revenues in 2017.



Norway collects a wealth tax both at the municipal and the national level, starting at 1.48 million krone, or $174,000.

Photo by Wolfgang Kaehler/LightRocket via Getty Images

Norway's wealth tax was first introduced in 1892. The central government levies a tax rate of 0.15% while municipalities impose a 0.7% rate, bringing the maximum to 0.85%.

Only wealth above 1.48 million krona, or roughly $174,000, is taxed. That figure is doubled for married couples.

A 2012 study from Norwegian researchers reported that average wealth per household totaled 1.6 million krona, or just over $166,000, indicating that most of the population paid some form of the tax.

The amount of revenue generated has largely been the same over the last two decades. The OECD reported the wealth tax constituted 1.1% of all wealth tax revenues in Norway in 2017.



Switzerland first implemented its wealth tax in 1840. The rate varies by canton, or state, as the central government does not collect the tax.

Athanasios Gioumpasis/Getty Images

Switzerland first levied a wealth tax in 1840 and its been a pillar of their tax structure since. They're self-reported and paid annually, with no institutional tracking of wealth. Tax authorities can only access personal bank information if a person is suspected of a crime.

The country has a decentralized tax system, and the rate varies around its 26 cantons. But it ranges between 0.3% and 1% of taxpayers' net worth. They tend to be highest in the French-speaking regions of the west and lower in the German-speaking cantons of central Switzerland.

The tax-free threshold for a married couple without children is between 50,000 Swiss francs ($50,370) to 250,000 Swiss francs ($251,856). "The wealth tax thus affects much of the middle class in addition to the wealthiest families," one study on the Swiss wealth tax found.

Compared to the other three European countries, the Swiss wealth tax has generated consistent revenue so far in the 21st century and it brought the largest share. OECD data shows that wealth taxes made up 3.6% of all Swiss tax revenue in 2017, and it's been above 3% since 2000.




See the rest of the story at Business Insider

See Also:

SEE ALSO: Wealth tax explainer: Why Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and billionaires like George Soros alike are calling for a specialized tax on the ultra-wealthy


          

[ACTU] Kiss à Paris en Juin 2020

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Kiss sera le 9 Juin à l'AccorHotels Arena de Paris dans le cadre de sa dernière tournée mondiale intitulée End Of The Road  World Tour qui a commencé le 31 Janvier 2019 à Vancouver au Canada et se terminera le 17 Juillet à New York. Dates de la Tournée Européenne et USA 2020: Europe June 9, 2020 Paris - France June 12, 2020 Leicestershire - England Download Festival June 14, 2020 Dortmund - Germany June 15, 2020 Hamburg - Germany June 18, 2020 Copenhagen - Denmark June 20, 2020 Sandnes - Norway  June 23, ...
          

Ежегодная конференция Международного совета архивов в Аделаиде, Австралия: Опыт и идеи Норвегии

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Очередная ежегодная конференция Международного совета архивов (МСА) открылась в Аделаиде, Австралия, 21 октября 2019 года. Наблюдая 22 октября за потоком сообщений в Твиттере, я бы выделила сессию 1.2 «Ориентированная на пользователя идеология проектирования как движущая сила инноваций» (User-centred design thinking as a driver for innovation), и в первую очередь на доклад представителя Национальных Архивов Норвегии Эспена Шёволла (Espen Sjøvoll), который ничего изобретать не стал и назвал свой доклад «Ориентированная на пользователя идеология проектирования как движущая сила инноваций в Национальных Архивах Норвегии».

На сайте конференции краткое резюме его доклада сформулировано следующим образом:
«Переход на электронные технологии очень сильно влияет на государственный сектор в плане того, как документы создаются и обрабатываются. В ногу с прогрессом идти не просто, а возникающие проблемы сложны и тесно взаимосвязаны друг с другом. Для того, чтобы решить текущие проблемы и разработать решения на будущее, Национальные Архивы Норвегии работает с инновациями, опираясь на идеологию проектирования и междисциплинарный подход, предусматривающие вовлечение широкого круга заинтересованных сторон с тем, чтобы выяснить потребности пользователей, решить проблемы и разработать новые решения.»
Норвежский коллега рассказал, что его страна имеет высокоразвитую цифровую экономику, однако архивы находятся на переходной стадии и используют в своей работе итеративный подход.


Управлять документами приходится в условиях сложной среды – здесь и правовые вопросы, в том числе законодательство о защите персональных данных, о госзакупках и доступе к государственной информации; и рынок ИКТ-решений, и вопросы финансирования, и идеология проектирования.


Он отметил, что у государственных ведомств имеются существенные пробелы в управлении документами. В частности, при аудите выяснилось, что сохранилось очень мало документов, отражающих принятие решений по наиболее чувствительным вопросам последних лет (закрытие дорогостоящего проекта в норвежской полиции, взаимоотношения с Китаем после провокационного решения присудить Нобелевскую премию китайскому оппозиционеру, отказ от встречи с далай-ламой в 2014 году, правовые основы участия Норвегии в антитеррористической операции в Сирии).


Получается так, что в архивных фондах самая интересная информация отсутствует; а вот скучные материалы все на месте (комментарий в Твиттере по этому поводу: «Нам нужно создать Международный архив интересных материалов!»).

В Норвегии планируют оцифровать 90% архивных документов, и впоследствии уничтожить бумажные оригиналы (видимо, финские идеи оказались заразительными :) – Н.Х.)

На коллег также произвела впечатления идея норвежцев, в рамках их видения на 2030 год, сделать так, чтобы информационные системы автоматически создавали архивные документы.

Дополнительная информация: Презентация к другому докладу Эспена Шёволла, с которым он выступал в апреле 2019 года, содержащая часть тех же слайдов, доступна по адресу https://arkivmote.files.wordpress.com/2019/04/espen-sjc3b8voll.pdf

Источник: Твиттер (пользователи @TimMifsud, @GustavoCastaner, @GionniDG и др.) / сайт конференции
http://conference.archivists.org.au/events/designing-the-archive/agenda-af722a30647a418885bed5dd598e6f1b.aspx


          

Paiber, Al Tumi named in Malta squad for Euro qualifiers

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Brandon Paiber (left) has been called to the Malta squad for the upcoming Euro 2020 qualifiers. Photo: Matthew Mirabelli

Malta coach Ray Farrugia has named a squad of 24 players for the final EURO 2020 Group F qualifying matches against Spain and Norway. The national team face Group F leaders Spain at the Estadio Ramon de Carranza in Cadiz on November 15 before wrapping up their EURO 2020 qualifying campaign with a home match against Norway at the National Stadium three days later.   Farrugia has awarded a first call-up to young goalkeeper Rashed Al-Tumi, currently playing for Italian Serie D club Casarano Calcio, and in-form Floriana midfielder Brandon Paiber. “Rashed Al-Tumi and Brandon Paiber are doing well for their respective clubs and we think they deserve to be part of our squad for the upcoming qualifiers,” Farrugia said. “Rashed is only 19 and Brandon is 24, so they are both young players and this fits with our philosophy of injecting young blood into the national squad.” Farrugia is aware that his team face a very difficult conclusion to their European Championship qualifying campaign but he is eyeing a positive finale. “Spain away will be a very difficult test for us,” Farrugia said. “Three days later we meet Norway at home in our final qualifier. This will be another tough match...
          

Under New Deal, Australian Women's And Men's Soccer Will Get Equal Share Of Revenue

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The deal will lift salaries for the Matildas by 90% and promises parity in training and travel. Norway and New Zealand have made similar moves, as a lawsuit against U.S. Soccer continues.
          

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World: Opening statement at the 70th session of the Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme

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Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World

By Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
07 October 2019

Mr. Chairman,
Deputy Secretary-General,
Distinguished Delegates,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

The modern concept of refugee protection was born in the middle of the last century, as the world emerged from two devastating global conflicts and was preparing to enter the Cold War. Millions had been uprooted from their homes, as wars cast people adrift, empires disintegrated, borders were redrawn, and minorities and political opponents were persecuted and expelled. Ensuring the safety of those displaced, and resolving displacement, were among the earliest priorities of the United Nations.

Seven decades on, forced human displacement remains a global concern. The context is different, but the complexity remains immense. Today’s refugee crises are part of a growing flow of human mobility, driven by many overlapping elements.

Resource-based conflicts that transcend borders, shaped by a mosaic of local, regional and international interests; fueled by extremism, criminal networks and urban gangs.

Loss of hope, as global advances in prosperity, education and the fight against hunger and disease fail to reach those most in need.

Conflicts premised on ethnic and religious differences, stoked by others for political and financial gain.

Collapsing eco-systems and weather-related disasters that destroy homes and livelihoods, forcing millions further into poverty.

Damaging forms of nationalism, and hate speech that – often through cyberspace – have found a new legitimacy in public discourse.

Refugees emerge from these widening fault-lines – a warning of things going wrong. This is why tackling forced displacement calls again for a bigger, broader ambition than we have managed to muster in the recent past.

This was the vision that drove the development of the Global Compact on Refugees. Addressing refugee crises cannot be done in isolation from larger global challenges, and from effective migration policies. The two compacts – on refugees, and on safe, orderly and regular migration – were designed to complement each other, and for good reason.

Look at the Sahel – a situation of enormous complexity, where insecurity, poverty and loss of traditional livelihoods are fracturing and uprooting entire communities, across the region and beyond. Protecting refugees and the internally displaced is vital. But this must be accompanied by a deeper and wider scope of action that cuts across the political, security, migration and development spheres.

Two aspects of the Global Compact on Refugees stand out.

One is its comprehensive approach. It accelerates a long-awaited shift in responses – from a traditional humanitarian angle, as the Deputy Secretary-General said, to one that preserves the humanitarian imperative, but matches it with a broader set of tools more adapted to the dynamics of today’s refugee flows.

This means peacemaking and peacebuilding, development action and private sector investment. It means sustained, strategic support to address the root causes of refugee movements and mixed population flows. The Deputy Secretary-General has just highlighted how this dovetails with the work to bring about a UN system that can best catalyze progress collectively towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Synergies between the compact and UN reforms are therefore relevant and strong.

Also, the compact makes tangible the commitment to international solidarity that underpins the refugee protection regime, but has never been fully realised. You will hear more about this from our new Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, Gillian Triggs, whom I am happy to introduce to you today.

Securing the refugee compact – a practical, concrete tool – proved that beyond the damaging, unilateral approaches that sometimes surface, a commitment to addressing refugee flows through international solidarity still prevails. At UNHCR, we are fully committed to this effort, and we count on all of you – our closest partners – to do the same. It is possible! The Global Refugee Forum, to be convened in December in this building, will be the opportunity to showcase what has been achieved, and make fresh commitments to further progress.

Mr Chairman,

The last year has underscored why the compact is needed, and how it is starting to re-shape our collective response. Let me share my thoughts on seven related challenges.

First, while much of the discussion on forced displacement has focused on arrivals in the global North, the most profound consequences by far are in host countries in the global South. Preserving asylum there, and helping host communities, requires more substantial and sustained international support. More than four million Venezuelans, for example, have left the country, the majority taking refuge in 14 nations in Latin America and the Caribbean. Most of these states have shown commendable solidarity, despite immense pressures. Colombia’s recent decision to grant citizenship at birth to the children of Venezuelans in the country is an example, and the Quito Process is helping shape a regional approach.

Sustaining this solidarity is vital, including through support to the services, infrastructure and economy of impacted countries. I welcome the engagement of the Inter-American Development Bank, and the World Bank’s decision to extend support to Colombia – and potentially also Ecuador – through its Global Concessional Financing Facility. I urge them to accelerate their contributions. The forthcoming Solidarity Conference convened by the European Union, together with UNHCR and the International Organisation for Migration, will be an opportunity to take stock and commit more.

Second, responses to 'mixed flows' of refugees and migrants continue to generate very divisive debates. Widespread political rhetoric exploits the anxieties prevailing among those excluded from the benefits of globalization, and directs those fears towards refugees and migrants – themselves among the most disenfranchised people on the planet. Pitting exclusion against exclusion is not only cynical and immoral – it rarely offers practical solutions to either. And measures taken or invoked to reduce flows – pushbacks, externalization of asylum processing, policies of deterrence – all erode refugee protection without really addressing the root causes of mixed flows, or the challenges of integration.

These situations are enormously complex – we must recognise that. I saw this last week in Mexico, where impressive examples of refugee integration are coupled with increasing migratory pressures from the region but also from Africa. A range of actions is undoubtedly needed to address these “mixed” flows. Several are included in that region under the MIRPS, a regional framework for protection and solutions which we have promoted; and we will contribute to UN efforts to support initiatives such as a regional development plan for Mexico and northern Central America, currently being discussed. In this context, saving lives and safeguarding the dignity and rights of all those on the move must remain central, together with access to international protection for those with valid claims. There and elsewhere, legal migration pathways would help prevent the abuse of asylum systems as substitutes of migration channels.

We observe these challenges not only in northern Central America and at the southern border of the United States, but also in southern Africa, and south-east Asia. In Europe, public confidence in asylum and migration management has been diminished, and must be restored through fast and fair procedures, good migration management that avoids overloading asylum systems, and investments in integration for those with a right to stay. Cooperation between governments is needed – including on the return of those who do not qualify for international protection or other stay arrangements.

I welcome the recent decisions of four EU States to establish a temporary cooperation mechanism for disembarking those rescued in the Mediterranean, and hope that this will galvanise broader EU engagement and revitalize rescue at sea arrangements. But this must also be matched by a broader ambition – investments in addressing the root causes of refugee flows, and supporting the efforts of refugee-hosting and transit countries. UNHCR continues to evacuate the most vulnerable from Libya – efforts for which Niger and now Rwanda are providing life-saving channels. Hopefully, others will join. We work closely with the International Organisation for Migration in these efforts, as elsewhere. But these operations pose enormous dilemmas, and can only be sustained as part of a comprehensive, responsibility-sharing approach that has the preservation of life, and access to international protection as central imperatives. There, as in several other operations, UNHCR colleagues and our partners are working – let us not forget that – under extremely dangerous conditions.

Third, long-standing and recurring displacement crises continue to persist, in the absence of political solutions. And other major crises are now becoming protracted too. In this context, the compact’s emphasis on inclusion, resilience and development action – pending solutions – is critical. This year marked the fortieth anniversary of the start of the Afghan refugee crisis. Regrettably, peace efforts seem once again to have stalled. I welcome Afghanistan’s decision to apply the comprehensive refugee response model in support of its initiatives to solve displacement, but solutions remain compromised by drought, insecurity and governance failures. Just 15,000 refugees returned home last year. The hospitality displayed by Pakistan and Iran, and their work on refugee inclusion and self-reliance, as well as on legal migration and stay options, are ground-breaking, but must receive more international support while the Afghan crisis continues.

In Somalia, too, while the commitment of the government to reduce forced displacement is evident and commendable, conflict and drought are still inhibiting solutions and driving new displacement. In this context, the regional application of the comprehensive response model by IGAD helps strengthen asylum, access to rights, and refugee inclusion in health, education and national economies.

Governments in the East and Horn of Africa have been in the forefront of the application of the comprehensive refugee response model. Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya and Uganda, among others, have made enormous strides with the support of the World Bank’s expertise and financing, bilateral development support and private sector investments. These are already transforming the lives of many refugees, as well as refugee-hosting communities across the region, and proving the validity of the model enshrined in the compact. They are giving concrete meaning to the African Union’s decision to declare 2019 the year of refugees, displaced people and returnees in Africa.

Fourth, the issue of repatriation continues to be the subject of much attention. A question we are increasingly asked is – how to advance solutions, when security in countries of origin remains fragile, and there is no end of hostilities? Can people return to their home countries in the absence of political settlements?

The answer is that returns must be driven by people, not by politics. Across UNHCR’s operations, we have an ongoing dialogue with refugees on return, and on the complex factors that influence their decisions. We work with governments to help create the conditions paving the way for returns. These must be voluntary and sustainable.

Take the example of Syria. Some 200,000 Syrian refugees have returned since 2016, and over three quarters of the almost six million refugees in neighbouring countries say they hope to return one day. We must continue to be guided by their views and decisions, and provide support to those who choose to return to avoid exposing them to further hardship.

Our policy is not to stand back and wait. We work with the Government of Syria to help address barriers to return and support confidence-building measures; hoping of course that recent political advances are consolidated; and that further humanitarian crises – especially in Idlib – can be avoided through concerted action by all parties.

In the meantime, international support to asylum countries must be sustained. Their outstanding generosity, and continuous donor support have helped Syrian refugees contend with long years in exile, even in places like Lebanon where the ratio of refugees to nationals continues to be the highest in the world. The achievements are significant: last year, 1.3 million Syrian refugee children were attending school, and 110,000 work permits were issued in Jordan and Turkey. However, acute poverty and vulnerability are weighing on people’s lives, and on host communities, and inevitably influencing their decisions.

In Myanmar, too, the Government has recognised the right of refugees in Bangladesh to return, and has started an important dialogue with the refugees, to build confidence and enable informed decisions. UNHCR and UNDP are working on social cohesion projects in northern Rakhine State to help pave the way for eventual returns. These are important steps, but need to be accompanied by more visible changes on key issues of refugee concern – freedom of movement, solutions for the internally displaced, clear information on a pathway to citizenship.

A second bilateral initiative to commence repatriation in August did not result in any refugees coming forward. But it sent important messages: the door is open, and voluntariness was respected. My hope is that this can now pave the way for a more strategic approach, in which refugee voices and choices are central. UNHCR stands ready to advise and support. There, and in other places, for example with Burundian refugees in Tanzania, and Nigerian refugees in the Lake Chad region, we are available to facilitate dialogue and solutions through tripartite approaches which include UNHCR.

Fifth, and closely linked to my previous point, we need to seize opportunities to accelerate solutions. Conflicts moving towards peace are rare, but when there is a chance, we have to pursue it. In this respect, we are closely following events in Sudan and South Sudan. The political transition in Sudan and the new Government’s commitment to a peace process have important implications for hundreds of thousands of Sudanese refugees, and for the internally displaced. The renewed momentum in the South Sudan peace process is also encouraging. Spontaneous refugee returns to South Sudan have already surpassed 200,000, and IDP returns are also under way.

Over the last two years, UNHCR and IGAD have been promoting the inclusion of refugees and internally displaced people in the South Sudan peace process. I hope that these recent developments will pave the way to a definitive end of the cycle of violence and displacement that has blighted the lives of generations of Sudanese and South Sudanese people.

Resettlement is another solution – albeit for very few. While some countries are stepping up their programmes, the overall number of places has plummeted. I am very disappointed by this. Resettlement saves lives and offers stability to refugees who are most vulnerable and at risk. I propose that we use more deliberately our new three-year strategy to intensify resettlement efforts, and expand private sector and community involvement.

The sixth major challenge relates to our engagement with the internally displaced. At the end of 2018, over 41 million people were living in displacement in their own countries. Major IDP operations, in Iraq, Syria, Yemen, the Lake Chad Basin, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ukraine, remain among our most politically and operationally complex – but all are among our priorities. I wish to flag in particular that together with our partners, we are responding with more resources to the Ethiopian government’s call for support to address recent large-scale internal displacement in the country.

In sum, we are trying to better align our efforts to advance solutions for refugees and IDPs, and to design our operations more effectively, in the context of inter-agency efforts. Our new policy on internal displacement reflects our firm and revitalized commitment. This places particular emphasis on protection leadership, and aligning our interventions with those of our partners.

Mr. Chairman,

A few days ago, at the start of the 74th session of the General Assembly in New York, we heard calls to accelerate our responses to the climate emergency, before it is too late. Greta Thunberg, speaking for the next generations, and António Guterres, speaking as the world’s conscience, were adamant in asking all of us to take action – now.

These calls concern us, too, as we gather here to discuss issues of forced displacement. I have just presented six key displacement-related challenges. The seventh intersects and underpins them all.

Climate-related causes are a growing driver of new internal displacement, surpassing those related to conflict and violence by more than 50%. Climate is often also a pervasive factor in cross-border displacement.

The term “climate refugee” is not based in international law, and does not reflect the more complicated ways in which climate interacts with human mobility. But the image it conveys – of people driven from their homes as an outcome of the climate emergency – has rightly captured public attention.

I am often asked how the UN refugee organization can help respond to this challenge. I wish to take this opportunity to share a few thoughts for your consideration.

For some years, UNHCR has worked to highlight relevant legal frameworks and the protection gaps resulting from cross-border displacement in the context of climate change. We will continue to help steer international discussions and the legal and normative debate in this area, including through engagement with the Platform on Disaster Displacement, and other multilateral fora.

Forced displacement across borders can stem from the interaction between climate change and disasters with conflict and violence – or it can arise from natural or man-made disasters alone. Either situation can trigger international protection needs.

In the first case, these would normally be met through recognition as a refugee under the 1951 Convention or regional refugee frameworks. In the second, temporary protection or stay arrangements, on which UNHCR has expertise, can provide flexible and speedy responses.

Even more specifically, where disaster-related displacement occurs, a strong operational response, guided by protection considerations, is often needed. Here too, UNHCR will continue to work in inter-agency contexts to support governments – building on our strong expertise in emergency responses. The Global Compact on Refugees by the way calls for preparedness measures and evidence-based forecasting, and the inclusion of refugees in disaster risk reduction strategies.

There are other considerations. Climate factors drive people out of their homes – but large-scale refugee movements – whether or not climate-induced – have themselves in turn an environmental impact, and refugees are frequently located in climate hotspots. I am determined to make these considerations more relevant to the way we prepare for and respond to refugee crises.

At UNHCR, we have worked for years to reduce the environmental impact of refugee crises through renewable energy options, reforestation activities, and access to clean fuels and technology for cooking. We have now launched a revitalized energy strategy and are improving our tools to address these challenges. Private sector partners such as the IKEA Foundation have been invaluable in helping us develop new approaches.

And finally like other organizations, we recognise that our own operational footprint has an environmental impact, and are taking action accordingly. We are working, for example, to increase energy efficiency and renewable energy use.

Mr. Chairman,

Work to respond to these challenges is made possible by the strong confidence that UNHCR continues to receive from donor partners. We expect funds available this year to reach an estimated 4.82 billion US dollars. The United States’ contribution has continued to be the most substantial, and has been decisive in many challenging situations, and for this I am very grateful. I wish to thank the European Commission and Germany for their particularly strong support; and Sweden, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands for providing critical, substantive unearmarked funding; and of course all other donors as well.

The gap between requirements and available resources nonetheless continues to grow in absolute terms and will reach around 3.82 billion US dollars this year. Private sector income is projected to increase by 11% over last year’s figure, to 470 million US dollars. We continue to work to diversify our funding base, in the spirit of responsibility-sharing and to ensure a stable platform for our work. Most importantly, our partnership with development organizations is becoming much stronger, and is helping us find ways to target our resources in ways that leverage those bigger programmes.

I am aware that donor generosity must be matched by constant improvements in how we manage the organization. In late 2016, I initiated a reform process to ensure an agile and effective UNHCR, with country operations equipped to pursue context-driven strategies, innovate, and respond to local and regional dynamics, as part of UN Country Teams. This was the rationale for our regionalisation and decentralization process, which is giving greater authority and flexibility to country offices, helping us get closer to refugees, and front-loading support through Regional Bureaux located in their regions.

We are entering the last phase of structural changes, which will involve adjustments to Headquarters Divisions and other entities in line with the new rebalanced authorities.

Of course, transformation is not only about structures and accountabilities, and is not a one-time exercise – it is also about transforming our organisational culture, investing in the quality of work, improving and streamlining systems and processes, and creating space for innovation.

We are working on evidence-based planning, on how we describe impact, and on increasing efficiency, in line with our Grand Bargain commitments and as an active participant, as the Deputy Secretary-General noted, in broader UN reforms. I recently endorsed a Data Transformation Strategy, and the new UNHCR/World Bank Joint Data Centre will be inaugurated this week in Copenhagen by the Secretary-General – a milestone of humanitarian/development cooperation.

We also continue to embed a strong risk management culture across the organisation, and to strengthen systems and tools for preventing and responding to misconduct. This includes sexual exploitation and abuse, and sexual harassment, for which we have implemented a broad range of measures and to which I am personally committed, also as Champion for this issue in the Inter-Agency Standing Committee. There is no place in the organization for perpetrators, and we will keep survivors and victims at the center of our response.

Mr. Chairman,

In 2011, my predecessor, the Secretary-General, convened a ministerial meeting on the 60th anniversary of the 1951 Refugee Convention, and the 50th of the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. It is fair to say that until then, the statelessness mandate had been a rather peripheral aspect of UNHCR’s work. Clearly, you didn’t see it that way. More than 60 states and regional entities came forward with pledges aimed at reducing statelessness, and that groundswell of political will and commitment became the catalyst for the #IBelong campaign, launched in 2014. Spurred on by the energy that had emerged, we decided to fix a time limit – ten years – to bring statelessness to an end.

Now, as we mark the halfway point, it’s time to take stock and renew the commitment that set us on the path towards that bold ambition. This is the aim of the High-Level Segment that will follow in a few moments, as part of this Executive Committee meeting.

When we talk about statelessness, we often find ourselves speaking of laws, documents and other technicalities. These are critical, and are where the hard work has to happen, but when we frame statelessness purely in legal terms, we lose sight of the all-encompassing blight it casts on people’s lives, pushing them to the margins of society, denying them basic rights and a sense of identity. This is an area in which – for relatively little investment – wide-reaching impact is within our reach.

Some of you, last year, were present at an EXCOM side event at which a young woman who had grown up stateless became the citizen of a country for the first time. It was a deeply emotional experience for everyone present – and that moment, more than any speech or list of pledges, captured what it means to finally belong, after years spent living on the margins. She and a number of formerly stateless people are present here today, and I encourage you to talk to them and understand what citizenship has meant to them. Their stories are what will inspire us as we move ahead.

There have been important achievements in the first half of the campaign – tackling gender discrimination in nationality laws, introducing laws to avoid childhood statelessness, and developing procedures to find solutions for people who would otherwise be stateless. Certain protracted situations were finally resolved. Fifteen states acceded to one or both of the Statelessness Conventions. Kyrgyzstan became the first State to formally announce that all known cases of statelessness on its territory had been resolved – an achievement that should inspire others. I look forward to honouring a Kyrgyz champion of this campaign, Azizbek Ashurov, at the Nansen Award ceremony this evening.

I also wish to acknowledge the work of UNICEF, UNFPA, the World Bank, and civil society and academic networks – and especially the Geneva-based ‘Friends’ of the campaign, who have been persistent in their advocacy and support. The regional preparatory meetings have been characterized by energy and commitment. I am pleased to share that we have received 171 pledges ahead of today’s event, which has also galvanised other initiatives that may become concrete pledges later.

At a time when we are asking a lot of you, this is particularly commendable. At UNHCR, we will also step up our efforts even more to achieve the ambitious collective goal of ending statelessness once and for all.

Mr Chairman,

The first Global Refugee Forum will be convened in this building in just over two months. It comes at the end of a turbulent decade, in which people and communities have been uprooted across all regions. Nobody foresaw, ten years ago, the convergence of trends and events that would lead to a doubling in the number of people forcibly displaced, and the prominence that refugee and migrant flows would assume in domestic and international politics. Addressing and resolving forced displacement has rightly emerged as an urgent priority intertwined with other 21st-century global challenges, including climate change.

The big question now is – what are we going to make of the next decade? Will it be one that sees us in retreat – turning our backs on the hard-learned lessons of the twentieth century – or one in which we will have the courage of joining forces in spite of our different perspectives and interests, embracing the challenges and opportunities of international cooperation to address the plight of exile? These are the fundamental questions that the Forum will have to tackle. I hope – of course – that it will respond by clearly showing the second way. I encourage all of you to ensure high-level representation from States, share positive experiences, and make significant and impactful commitments that will greatly improve the future of refugees and host communities.

I believe that in the Global Compact for Refugees, we have grounds for optimism. The momentum is there. We have a powerful tool that was born of a narrative of possibility. The Forum will be the occasion, I hope, to show that we do not shy away from the enormous responsibility placed on all of us – one that stems not only from the refugees and host communities looking to us for action, but also from the opportunity that we have to inspire new generations, and demonstrate, in so many practical, concrete ways, why international cooperation matters, and how it can be made to work.

Thank you.


          

World: Humanitarian Funding Update September 2018 - United Nations Coordinated Appeals [EN/AR]

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Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

FUNDING REQUIRED $25.32B

FUNDING RECEIVED $10.63B

UNMET REQUIREMENTS COVERAGE $14.69B

COVERAGE 42%

PEOPLE IN NEED 133.8M

PEOPLE TO RECEIVE AID 97.4M

COUNTRIES AFFECTED 41

Spotlight on the recent disaster in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

On Friday 28 September, a 7.4 magnitude earthquake and tsunami struck Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. On 5 October, the Government and country team/regional office issued the Central Sulawesi Earthquake Response Plan to support the six priority areas identified by the Government. Some existing programmes in Sulawesi will be augmented and others entailing WASH, health, camp management and logistics activities will be developed.

The response plan will focus on immediate response over a three-month period. On 2 October and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock (USG/ERC) announced an allocation of US$15 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to bolster relief assistance for people affected by this emergency

Global appeal status

At the end of September 2018, 21 Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP) and the Syria Regional Response Plan (3RP) require $25.32 billion to assist 97.4 million people in urgent need of humanitarian support. The plans are funded at $10.63 billion; this amounts to 42 per cent of financial requirements for 2018. For the remainder of 2018, humanitarian organizations require another $14.69 billion to meet the needs outlined in these plans.

Global requirements are $1.13 billion higher than at this time last year. Overall coverage and the dollar amount were only marginally higher in late September 2018 than at the same time in 2017.

High-level events The USG/ERC made a strong appeal for HRP funding for South Sudan and Yemen at two high-level events at UN headquarters last month. At an event on 25 September on the crisis in South Sudan during the General Assembly, the USG/ERC asked that donors sustain their generous and large response to the crisis to enable life-saving activities and to encourage a multi-year approach to crisis response with stronger focus on stabilization, resilience and recovery from the conflict. In his statement to the Security Council on Yemen on 21 September, he announced that we may now be approaching a tipping point beyond which it will be impossible to prevent massive loss of life as a result of widespread famine across the country.

Three days later, the Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen reiterated the call for more funding and more humanitarian partners on the ground to respond to the unprecedented emergency in Yemen.
The UNHCR Commissioner and USG/ERC ended a mission to Afghanistan last month with a call for donors to urgently increase and sustain support for humanitarian response in the country, and to take measures to find durable solutions for millions of people caught up in Afghanistan’s displacement crisis.
On 3-4 September, in a follow-up event to the 2017 Oslo Humanitarian Conference on Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region, Germany, Nigeria, Norway and the UN co-hosted the High-Level Conference on the Lake Chad Region in Berlin. On this occasion, UN Member States, international organizations and civil society actors discussed humanitarian assistance, stabilization and development cooperation in the region. Humanitarian and development announcements made at the conference totalled $2.17 billion and it is estimated that $1.02 billion was for humanitarian assistance in 2018 for Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. Of that amount, approximately $875 million (86%), has been made available to recipient organizations.

International financial institutions pledged an additional $467 million in concessional loans.

Concerning pledging conferences this year, according to data reported to FTS by donors and recipient organizations as of 18 September, 95 per cent of pledges have been fulfilled for Yemen, 91 per cent of pledges have been fulfilled for Somalia, and 82 per cent of pledges have been fulfilled for DRC. In each of these countries, many donors have contributed above and beyond their original announcements.
For Syria and the Region, the EU recently published a tracking report on announcements made in Brussels in April which can be accessed here:

www.consilium.europa.eu/media/36437/syria-report-six.pdf Donors are urged to quickly fulfil outstanding pledges made at the conferences and to consider providing additional funding before the end of the year.

Pooled funds

Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, the Emergency Relief Coordinator approved $395 million in grants from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), including $265 million from the Rapid Response Window and $130 million from the Underfunded Emergencies Window, for life-saving activities in 38 countries. A total of $40 million was released in September to assist people affected by underfunded emergencies in Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic and Rwanda; as well as people affected by flooding in India and Myanmar, and Venezuelan refugees and migrants arriving in Ecuador and Peru.

Country-based pooled funds (CBPFs) have received a total of US$667 million from 31 donors between January and September 2018. During this period, the 18 operational funds have allocated $478 million to 921 projects, implemented by 525 partners. Over 60 per cent of all CBPF allocations were disbursed to NGOs, including 21 per cent ($100.6 million) directly to national NGOs. Another 36 per cent was allocated to UN agencies and a smaller portion to Red Cross/Red Crescent organizations, which have received 1.2 per cent of funding ($5.8 million) for direct project implementation. The first allocation for 2018 of the Yemen Humanitarian Fund (YHF) for $90 million is ongoing and focuses on covering gaps in first-line responses in cluster strategies and providing life-saving support to people in newly accessible and hard-to-reach areas. In Ethiopia, the Humanitarian Coordinator launched a $30 million reserve allocation targeting immediate and life-saving activities in the nutrition, health, WASH, agriculture/livestock, emergency shelter/NFI, education and protection sectors. Finally, reserve allocations were also ongoing in Afghanistan and Myanmar during September.

In Myanmar, an integrated CBPF and CERF allocation strategy ($1 million CBPF reserve and $2.95 million CERF) prioritized projects aligned with the Myanmar Humanitarian Fund (MHF) operating principles and the CERF Life Saving Criteria, aiming at achieving the main objective of addressing critical unmet needs of flood‐affected people across the country, particularly the most vulnerable people.

Country updates

The humanitarian situation in Afghanistan has deteriorated considerably over the past year, primarily due to the drought, but also as a result of worsening violence. Overall, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection services in Afghanistan has increased dramatically since the beginning of 2018, from 3.3 million people to 5.5 million people. Over half of the needs are generated by conflict and population movement. In the meantime, chronic vulnerabilities such as poverty, food insecurity, and unemployment are also increasing. Afghanistan is experiencing its most severe drought since 2011, with some 20 provinces affected by significantly reduced rainfall from winter snow. Some 2.2 million chronically food insecure people are on the verge of acute food insecurity, with four provinces – Badakhshan, Badghis, Faryab and Herat – likely to pitch into a state of emergency unless they receive comprehensive and sustained humanitarian assistance. Drought-related displacement is growing in volume and geographical scope – now constituting 40 percent (119,000) of the overall number of people displaced in Afghanistan in 2018. It is likely that the Afghan population – some 15 million of whom are dependent on the agriculture sector across these 20 provinces for livelihoods – will take years to recover. Overall, more than 12 million Afghans have been displaced internally or abroad during the last four decades of conflict, natural hazards, disasters and the resulting socio-economic upheaval.

Since 25 August 2017, extreme violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar, has driven over 727,000 Rohingya refugees across the border into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Statelessness imposed over generations has rendered this population seriously vulnerable, even before the severe traumas of this most recent crisis. The vast majority of these refugees now live in congested sites that are ill-equipped to handle the monsoon rains and cyclone seasons – with alarmingly limited options for evacuation. Low levels of funding are seriously hampering the capacity of humanitarian to respond effectively to the scale and scope of the humanitarian needs in the refugee camps, particularly to ensure safe shelter, appropriate educational options, nutritional support, and most critically, the quality of health services available for an extremely vulnerable population. For example, with the health sector only 23 per cent funded, programming for non-communicable diseases, malaria, TB, and HIV/AIDS remains insufficient, and partners are struggling to scale up service provision which is critical for emergencies including obstetric emergencies.

The alarming financial shortfall for humanitarian programmes in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has had detrimental consequences on the lives of the most vulnerable. More than 40 per cent (10.3 million) of the population remains undernourished. One in five children under-five is stunted with likely irreversible physical and cognitive repercussions. More than 9 million people lack access to essential health services. Pregnant women, young children and people living with diseases, in particular, struggle to access the care they need. Those living in rural areas are most at risk. Recent floods in North and South Hwanghae provinces have affected 280,000 people, killed 76 and displaced over 10,500 people, and chronic underfunding is making it difficult for UN agencies and their partners to respond to needs caused by the natural disasters that frequently hit the country. The 2018 Needs and Priorities plan seeks $111 million to assist 6 million out of 10.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.

The prospect of protracted displacement in Iraq is real, warranting a whole-of-system approach to respond to needs and work toward durable solutions. Some 1.9 million Iraqis remain displaced, with insecurity, lack of livelihood opportunities, destroyed housing, and explosive remnants of war contamination among the key barriers to returning. Considerable protection concerns exist, especially for women and children with perceived ties to ISIL. Critical funding gaps are hampering the response, particularly in food security, health, shelter and non-food item sectors, and the WASH sector. Urgent funding priorities include water supply interventions in the south, especially in Basra, which is experiencing water shortages and a gastrointestinal disease outbreak. Child health and nutrition services for up to 180,000 pregnant and lactating mothers, 300,000 children under the age of five and 5,000 newborn babies lack adequate funding.

The level of humanitarian need in Myanmar remains high and is driven by multiple factors including armed conflict, protracted displacement, inter-communal violence, statelessness, segregation, discrimination, food insecurity and vulnerability to natural disasters. More than 720,000 people – mostly stateless Rohingya Muslims – were forced to flee the country in August last year and there remains little tangible progress on addressing the root causes of violence and discrimination against this population. More than 128,000 Muslims confined in camps, some since violence erupted in 2012, have little to no access to essential services. In Kachin and Shan, persistent cycles of displacement due to conflict continue to raise serious protection concerns, with annual flooding exacerbating existing vulnerabilities. In both areas of the country, access remains a critical challenge.

Recent violence in Tripoli has highlighted the fragile situation in Libya. Thousands of people have been displaced, including families staying in schools converted into makeshift IDP shelters. The violence led to a breakdown in basic services, with frequent electricity cuts and compromised access to water. The situation is compounded by liquidity challenges which deepen needs among the most vulnerable. Humanitarian partners are responding to pre-existing and new needs, but the response is undermined by underfunding. With only 24 per cent of financial requirements covered, the ability of partners to provide assistance in life-saving sectors such as water, sanitation and hygiene and protection, as well as education, is limited. Additional funds are required to support a nation-wide measles vaccination campaign, targeting 3 million children against the backdrop of an ongoing outbreak.

South Sudan continues to experience extensive humanitarian needs, including dire levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. In September, 6.1 million people (59% of the population) faced crisis, emergency, or catastrophe levels (IPC Phase 3-5) of food insecurity. This includes 47,000 people in catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5). Urgent funding is needed in the coming months to procure and preposition food and other life-saving supplies during the approaching dry season, when these activities are most cost-effective. Food insecurity is expected to decline slightly following the October-December harvest, and rise again in January-March, when 5.2 million people are expected to be in IPC Phases 3-5, including 36,000 in IPC Phase 5. Resources are also needed to scale up preparedness and capacity to respond to Ebola Virus Disease. Though no cases have been reported in South Sudan, there is a risk of cross-border spread.

An agreement on 17 September to establish a demilitarized zone in Idlib, Syria, provided a reprieve for close to three million people placed at risk by a major military escalation in the area, of whom more than two million were already in need of humanitarian assistance. Civilian deaths and injuries due to airstrikes and shelling, as well as displacement and attacks impacting health facilities, were reported in the Idlib area in the weeks prior to the announcement of the agreement. Response and readiness efforts continued in Idlib and other parts of the north-west, drawing to a large extent on cross-border assistance channels from Turkey. Despite significant access challenges, humanitarian assistance continued to be provided across the country, including in areas that had recently come under Government control such as eastern Ghouta, northern rural Homs and much of the south-west. Cross-border assistance to the south-west under the framework of Security Council resolution 2393 remained suspended, but assistance was delivered from Damascus, primarily through the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC). Deployment of an inter-agency convoy from Damascus to Rukban on the Syria-Jordan border became increasingly urgent, with reports of a deterioration of the humanitarian situation in a camp estimated to be hosting up to 45,000 people. The situation in eastern Deir-Ez-Zor, in the east of the country, also deteriorated, with clashes linked to counter-ISIL operations displacing thousands in rural areas with limited humanitarian access and reports of restrictions on the onward movement of displaced people.

Steep economic decline accelerated in Yemen in September, with the Yemeni riyal losing about 30 per cent of its value against the US dollar during the month. Because Yemen imports the vast majority of its food and other basic commodities, this has translated into sharp rises in prices of food, fuel and other essentials – placing these goods increasingly out of reach for millions of Yemenis at a time when famine remains a real threat. In parallel, conflict in Hudaydah has intensified, with about 550,000 people displaced by the violence since 1 June. Aid operations have dramatically expanded, reaching 8 million people with direct assistance across the country every month. Partners have provided rapid response kits to nearly all families recently displaced from Hudaydah, as well as additional assistance based on assessed needs. Generous funding has been key: the 2018 HRP has received US$1.96 billion, or 67 per cent of requirements. Despite these achievements, recent developments threaten to overwhelm the operation’s capacity to respond. Urgent steps are needed to stabilize the economy, keep all ports and main roads open, uphold international humanitarian law, and move towards a political solution. Partners are also seeking full funding for the $3 billion HRP in order to deliver all activities in the plan.


          

Norway provides NOK 300 million annually for renewable energy in poor countries

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Download logo ‘Increased access to clean energy will reduce poverty, improve health and mitigate climate change. The Government is therefore allocating up to NOK 300 million annually to provide better guarantees for businesses that are willing to invest in renewable energy in poor countries,’ said Minister of International Development Dag-Inge Ulstein. At a time when […]
          

Vasilikos Port, Cyprus to Port of Karmsund , Norway

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Vasilikos Port, Cyprus to Port of Karmsund , Norway
          

Предложение (Аудио / Мончегорск Мурманской обл). ФИРМЕННЫЕ СД часть 1

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ФИРМЕННЫЕ СД  часть 1

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Taking Norway's government back to court for climate lawsuit

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  Greenpeace Nordic and Nature and Youth in Norway are today again taking the Norwegian government to Oslo's Court of Appeal for opening up new oil drilling in the Arctic.  “Right now climate change is contributing to intensifying wildfires, droughts, hurricanes and heatwaves and causing deaths around the world. The Norwegian Government can no longer ignore the dangerous impact its exported oil is having on the climate. Climate change knows no borders. Oil is oil, no matter where it is b...

Read the full story at https://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=249521


          

Gone Mental Episode 346

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Bringing you the goods for another week of the greatest rocknroll on earth. Two hours featuring the good stuff from Liquor Beats Winter, The Showcase Showdown, The Bone Machine, LaVerne Baker, Mojo Nixon, Reverend Beat-Man, The Tazmanian Devils, Manic Pistoleros, The Saints, and more.

Git it.

Liquor Beats Winter | Liquor Beats Winter | Journey To The Center Of The Vagrant(Self Release)2014 The Showcase Showdown | Pemanent Stains | Fuck You, Norway(Damaged Goods)1999 Toy Dolls | Wakey Wakey! | Lester Fiddled The Tax Man(Receiver Records Limited)1989 Rock N Roll Adventure Kids | Boobies RnR / Teenage Caveman | Boobies Rock N' Roll Hot Dog And A Jelly Roll(Bachelor Records)2008 The Saints | (I'm) Stranded | River Deep Mountain High(Captain Oi!)1977 Thee Dagger Debs | Thee Dagger Debs | Eight While Ten(Damaged Goods Records)2018 Tall Boys | Funtime | Action Woman(Big Beat Records)1998 Fujiyama Monsters | Fujiyama Thunder Stomp | Monster From Outer Space(Self Release)2008 Hotdoggrrrl & The Sesame Buns | Hard On! | Queen Of Fucking Everything(Self Release)2017 John Schooley | Voodoo Rhythm Compilation Vol 3 | Every Day(Voodoo Rhythm)2011 The Bone Machine | La Vita Finisce, La Strada No | Forse Sei Gia Morto E Non Lo Sai(Self Release)2007 The Tremors | Invasion Of The Saucermen(I Ain't No) Two Timin' Man(Brain Drain Records)2006 Spellbound | Eleven Deadly Sins | Just In Time(Stompin Ground Records)2007 Radiacs | Hellraiser | Radiac Wrath(Link Records)1989 Guana Batz | Held Down.... At Last! | Can't Take The Pressure(Radiation Reissues)1985 Batmobile | Bambooland | Night Without Sleep(Count Orlok Music)1987 The Tazmanian Devils | Rhythm 'N' Psycho Jamboree | The Mighty Desert(Razmataz Records)2009 Nekromantix | Demons Are A Girls Best Friend | Technicolor Nightmare(Record Music DK)1996 Batmobile | Bail Set At 6.000.000 | Gorilla Rock(Nervous Records)1988 The Nitros | Something's Gotta Give | Love 'em 'n' Leave 'em(Rockout Records)1993 Beat Devils | Dig My Beat | Just A Little More Fun(Magnetic Loft Records)2019 Mel Smith | Single | Chicken Backs(Blue Bell) Stick McGhee | Single | Drank Up All The Wine Last Night(Atlantic) Champion Jack Dupree | Single | Shim Sham Shimmy(Red Robin) Piney Brown | Single | Sugar In My Tea (Cream In My Coffee)(Mad) Laverne Baker | Single | How Can You Leave A Man Like This?(Atlantic) Long Tall Texans | Texas Beat The Best Of The Long Tall Texans | One More Time(Anagram Records)1994 The Quakes | Negative Charge | Just Rock(Orrexx Records)2009 Manic Pistoleros | Silver Bullet | 16 Miles From Mars(Self Release)2011 The KDV Deviators | Lost Contact | Behind The Glass(Drunkabilly Records)2012 The Nevrotix | New Worlds | Lost Contact(Crazy Love Records)2019 Southern Culture On The Skids | Liquored Up And Lacquered Down | I Learned To Dance In Mississippi(Telstar Records)2000 Mojo Nixon | !Sock Ray Blue! | Redneck Rampage(Shanachie)1999 Kentucky Beltfight | Harlis Road | We Like Your Town(Self Release)2011 Asmodeus | Diabolique Royale | Semi - Crazy(Tombstone Records)2004 Reverend Beat-Man & Nicole Izobel Garcia | Baile Bruja Muerto | Black Metal(Voodoo Rhythm Records)2018
          

Enlighten 2020: Call for Presentations

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The Call for Presentations for Enlighten Americas 2020 in Palm Springs, CA USA and Enlighten Europe 2020 in Oslo, Norway are now open, and we are seeking energetic and engaging speakers to lead impactful learning experiences. We know that lighting designers learn best […] More
          

Pasangan Malaysia Didakwa Dera Anak Kerana Berpuasa Lebih 12 Jam

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Pasangan dari Malaysia, Hairi Muhamad dan Norliha Khamis kini sedang menghadapi perbicaraan di Norway atas pertuduhan mendera anak mereka. Memetik laporan Free...
          

We hire for Denmark Finland Norway Canada USA Iceland

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- Video cruise operator - Photographer cruiser - Sales assistant cruise shop - Maseur cruise - Waiters cruise and land - Personal greenhouses / Agriculture - Security agent - Housekeeper - Construction workers - Truck driver / Deliveries For more info and job application visit out website , you can apply for the job in the job application section, just follow the steps!
          

Leading Web & Website Design Company

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Zinavo is a dependable Web Design Company offer protected, adaptable, strong, and expandable Web Design administration to an extensive variety of territories, for example, endeavors, person to person communication, eCommerce and the sky is the limit from there. We exceed expectations in making inventive Websites that are easy to understand and cross-program good. Our structure specialists make custom and very much planned and created Bespoke Websites that are straight out you had always wanted. They offer proficient site structuring and improvement administrations, eCommerce web arrangements, seaward web composition, custom WordPress sites plan, WordPress topics, logo, and standard plans that assistance runs organizations and applications with greater dependability and speed. Our Web Design Expertise: Responsive Web Design Corporate Web Designing Search engine optimization Friendly Web plans Easy to use Web Designs Online business Web Designs Give benefits by Zinavo: UI/UX Implementations Web composition PSD to HTML Visual depiction 3D Design On the off chance that you need to make financially savvy, vast scale Web Design for your business. Coruscate has been making innovative yet flawless arrangements with Zinavo, in this manner giving your thoughts the wings of the real world. Interface with us to make the most imaginative and expert cooperation for your business. Customer Base: Australia | Canada | India | Thailand | Switzerland | Germany | Italy | Norway | Denmark | Sweden | France | Singapore | South America | Dubai | USA | UK | UAE. You can make your creative website through us at Cheapest Rate Contact Us: Landline: 080-41644089 Call Us: 7760245945 Email: info@zinavo.com Skype: zinavotechnologies Web: https://www.zinavo.com/
          

Comment on Northern Light: Norway Past and Present, A Critical Analysis – Nils-Johan Jørgensen by Ste J

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It will whet your appetite for more of everything, whether Scandinavian or countries even further afield. It is a great grounding on the country, with lots of references for future exploration of the many cultural facets of the country.
          

Comment on Northern Light: Norway Past and Present, A Critical Analysis – Nils-Johan Jørgensen by Ste J

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This one found me which was equally good. It's always great to get such an email offer in my inbox. I really enjoyed it, and now wonder which country to explore next.
          

Comment on Northern Light: Norway Past and Present, A Critical Analysis – Nils-Johan Jørgensen by Clare Pooley

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Thanks for the review, Ste J. I know hardly a thing about any of the Scandinavian countries, which is shameful really. I suspect a book like this would be a very good place to start my exploration.
          

Comment on Northern Light: Norway Past and Present, A Critical Analysis – Nils-Johan Jørgensen by shadowoperator

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This sounds like an initeresting title, for all the parts of the picture that it fills in especially. You know how to pick 'em.
          

Comment on Northern Light: Norway Past and Present, A Critical Analysis – Nils-Johan Jørgensen by Ste J

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What are the titles of those books as I have an interest as well, as you probably suspected. I was surprised, although I shouldn't have been how much I had been missing out on, not only with Norway but with the wider Scandinavian picture. I need to pick up more literature of a Northern persuasion now.
          

Comment on Northern Light: Norway Past and Present, A Critical Analysis – Nils-Johan Jørgensen by Liz

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There is something so beguiling about our Nordic neighbours and their fascinating countries. I have been dipping in and out of books about the ancient histories of Orkney and Shetland where there are, of course, very close connections with Viking ancestors. I like the sound of this one as an opportunity to read more about the same things from the opposite perspective.
          

Father of in-form attacker says player wants PL move; Spurs need to break transfer record

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Father of in-form attacker says player wants PL move; Spurs need to break transfer record - originally posted on Sportslens.com

A host of Premier League clubs including Tottenham Hotspur, Manchester United and Liverpool are reportedly interested in signing Erling Haaland from Red Bull Salzburg. The 19-year-old attacker is widely regarded as one of the best young talents in world football, and he is progressing at a tremendous rate. The youngster is enjoying a phenomenal campaign for the Bundesliga club, where he has scored 23 goals in just 17 appearances this season. The Norway international has caught the attention of heavyweight Premier League clubs after his sensational form in the Champions League this season. He has scored seven goals already in the competition, scoring

From Sportslens.com - Football News | Football Blog


          

The Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree has been harvested

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A Norway spruce that years ago was displayed on its owner's coffee table will soon rise in a much grander setting: the middle of Rockefeller Center
          

Coastal Cabins

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At the rugged coastal landscape on the west coast of Norway the Norwegian Trekking Association has commissioned Holon Architecture to design self-service cabins, adapted to the terrain and weather conditions with a minimum of foot print.
          

Expanding the Azure Stack portfolio to run hybrid applications across the cloud, datacenters, and the edge

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Since announcing Azure Stack in 2017, we’ve set the stage for extending the cloud to customers’ datacenters. The hybrid cloud has been one of the design principles for Azure from the start. Today, customers including the Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited, KPMG Norway, Airbus, and the Malta Information Technology Agency are building hybrid solutions […]

The post Expanding the Azure Stack portfolio to run hybrid applications across the cloud, datacenters, and the edge appeared first on Cloudmovement.


          

Equinor hits hydrocarbons in one of the most mature area on the NCS

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“We are making one of this year’s biggest discoveries in the most mature area of the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS), not far from the Troll field. This demonstrates the opportunities that still exist for value creation and revenue from this industry,” says Nick Ashton, Equinor’s senior vice president for exploration in Norway and the UK. […]
          

Weather

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Top Weather, best weather forecast, up to 72 hours and 25 days forecast.The weather forecast, one of the best weather application on store, one of the best choose for you.Weather forecast, which has accurate weather information for anytime and everywhere.Report immediately local weather forecast & real time rain, storm, ice & snow ...With weather information, you can prepare your plan carefully, you will be successful at work and have better life. The application is very helpful with everybody. Weather forecast detects weather in your current location automatically. There are many information in weather forecast which includes weather condition, atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, visibility distance, precipitation in different unites, dew point, wind speed and direction, in addition to ten days future forecast, also hourly weather forecast.Real-time temperature, rain, snow, humidity, pressure, wind force and wind direction are all in this weather application based.FEATURES:- All is free, weekly, daily, hourly update with real time.- Weather forecast for global, for all country: United States (US), Canada, Brazil, United Kingdom (UK), Sweden, Denmark, Italy, Germany, France, Portugal, Spain, Mexico, Finland, Norway , Russia, India, Japan, Korea, China, Australia, Vietnam, ...- Weather forecast for all city: Washington, New York, California, San Francisco, Texas, Georgia, Florida, Ottawa, Hawaii, Toronto, Dallas, Nashville, Kansas city, London, Rome, Madrid, Oslo, Paris, Nancy, Dijon, Brest, Marseille, Rennes, Reims, Chamonix, Lyon, Metz, Grenoble,Strasbourg, Berlin, Tokyo, Singapore, Hong Kong, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh...- Various weather information: temperature, wind, humidity, dew point, precipitation, visibility, pressure, sunrise, sunset- Full report. Displays all information of weather: location time, temperature, atmospheric pressure, weather condition, visibility distance, relative humidity, precipitation in different unites, dew point, wind speed and direction...- Detect location automatically by GPS and network- Search and manage multiple locations- Supported notification- Weather description: Sunrise Time, Sunset Time, Humidity, Precipitation Probability, Visibility, Wind Speed...- Real time weather maps & weather radar animations with your personal blizzard & hurricane tracker: Rain, snow, clouds, wind, temperature, Humidity, wave, pressure, current.- Chart to manage and view hourly and daily weather- Top weather can display all languages over the world- Real time update widget- Change unit setting: Temperature (C/F), Time format (12h/24h), Precipitation (mm, inch), wind speed (km/h, mi/h, m/s), pressure (mmhg, hPa, mbar)- If you buy version without Ads, you will be received unlimited features: "Add 48 hours forecast & Add 10 days forecast"Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/Weather-2217926141558713/Email support: media.topapps@gmail.comUsing weather application and get weather information daily and daily.Download weather forecast for free and experience. Enjoy the perfect and accurate weather forecast!
          

Europe forecast: Unsettled & cold - Milder east, Nov 07 - 05:43

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Staying unsettled and cold for much of central and western Europe, milder in the east Thursday Rain affecting northern Spain on Thursday, some of it heavy. Central and southern Spain should be dry with sunny spells, although sopme showers may affect far southern coasts and hills. Showers in the Balearics with further showers in Corsica and Sardinia. Heavy showers, some thundery for southern Italy and Sicily. Showers too for western Greece but dry for most. Turkey shoud be dry with good spells of sunshine. Rain and wind for the west of France, few showers in the east. Some heavy periods of rain in the Low Countries, these also affecting the far west of Germany. eastern Germany should be dry with sunny spells although Poland will too be dry. Some showers for Jungary but dry in Austria. Rain in western Switzerland. Denmark will have sunny spells and scatered showers. These scattered showers affecting the Baltic States too. Finland will be chilly and dry. A few showers in eastern Sweden but dry elsewhere. Mostly dry and chilly in Norway.

Friday Wet in northern a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Spain.htm" TARGET="_top">Spain through Friday. The south will be dry and sunny but cold. Showers and rain in the Balearics and this rain will be affecting Corsica and Sardinia too. More rain in central and northern parts of Spain. a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Greece.htm" TARGET="_top">Greece will have a few showers in the west. Much of Turkey should be dry and sunny. Rain affects western a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/France.htm" TARGET="_top">France. Brighter and drier to the north and east. More showers to come in the Low Countries with rain for southern Germany. Northern Germany should be dry. Poland will be dry and mild with sunny spells, wilst it also stays dry in Hungary. Austria and Switzerland will hacve periods of rain. Denmark will have a mix of sunshine and showers. More rain in southern a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Sweden.htm" TARGET="_top">Sweden. The Baltic States will be mild with broken cloud with mild weather too in Finland. Norway will be chilly ad dry with sunshine.


          

The Nordic-Baltic region: are there common pathways for the future cooperation?

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Title: The Nordic-Baltic region: are there common pathways for the future cooperation? Author(s): Hilmarsson, Hilmar Þór Abstract: The five Nordic countries and the three Baltic States are closely interlinked via trade, investment, mobility of people and banking, but their approaches to European integration are diverse. Within this group of countries there are hardcore EU and euro area member states (the Baltics and Finland), EU members (Denmark and Sweden) and EU outsiders (Iceland and Norway). Common pathways for the future cooperation in Europe may be hard to find. The methodology used in the article is the case study method. The sources of evidence used for the analysis is secondary data, including analytical reports and scholarly literature, as well as interviews and direct observation.; Penkios Šiaurės ir trys Baltijos šalys tarpusavyje glaudžiai susijusios prekybos, investicijų, žmonių mobilumo ir bankininkystės saitais, tačiau jų požiūris į Europos integraciją skiriasi. Šioje šalių grupėje yra ES ir euro zonos valstybės narės (Baltijos šalys ir Suomija), ES valstybės narės (Danija ir Švedija) ir ES nepriklausančios šalys (Islandija ir Norvegija). Tačiau kai kalbama apie Europos integraciją, bendrų susitarimų trūkumas apsunkina šių šalių bendradarbiavimą. Šiame straipsnyje taikomas atvejo metodas. Analizei atlikti naudojami antriniai duomenys, įtraukiant analitines ataskaitas, mokslinę literatūrą ir interviu. Taip pat taikomas tiesioginio stebėjimo metodas.
          

Investors are dumping oil. So why would anyone buy Saudi Aramco?

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Saudi Arabia's state oil monopoly makes more money than any other company on Earth. But low oil prices, the climate crisis and geopolitical risk could deter investors from buying into the partial privatization of Saudi Aramco.

The concerns may cause fund managers in London, New York and Tokyo to balk at what could be the largest IPO in history, forcing Aramco to rely heavily on rich local families, sympathetic sovereign wealth funds or major customers such as China signing up for shares.

The biggest risks are tied to Aramco's core business: oil. Demand growth for crude is slowing — an inconvenient truth for bankers pitching the company at a valuation of up to $2 trillion. Add growing pressure on institutional investors to ditch oil assets they already own, as well as a tough political environment in the Middle East, and the investment case for Aramco weakens.

"It's hard to see how the company grows over time," said Anish Kapadia, director of energy at Palissy Advisors, an investment advisory firm based in London.

$1 trillion or $2 trillion?

Aramco announced its intention to float shares on the Riyadh stock exchange this week. It made clear it wants this to be a global affair.

"We want to get financial investors from all over the world," chairman Yasir Al-Rumayyan told reporters at a press conference on Sunday.

Global investors are sure to give the company a good look. Aramco, which could reportedly list a stake as large as 5%, sits on massive crude reserves. It posted a $68 billion profit for the first nine months of 2019, a slowdown from the previous year, when annual earnings totaled $111 billion.

"Aramco is the largest and lowest cost producer of oil, and the scale of spare capacity still makes it uniquely strategic in the global oil market," Hasnain Malik, the Dubai-based head of equity strategy at Tellimer, an investment bank focused on developing markets, wrote in a recent note to clients.

The company has also committed to a $75 billion annual dividend through 2024. Analysts say what investors earn from the payouts could compete with ExxonMobil and Royal Dutch Shell, depending on Aramco's valuation. Some potential investors may hold out for even more.

The next few weeks could be tumultuous. Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman has reportedly sought a valuation for Aramco near $2 trillion. But the model run by Palissy Advisors puts Aramco's value at just $1 trillion. That's a massive range — and some investors will worry about overpaying. Some may decide to just stick with existing oil and gas holdings, many of which have been traded publicly for years and offer more transparency.

"There [are] plenty of existing stocks which give exposure to oil," Malik told CNN Business. "Occupying a minority position in a state-owned oil company may not be that appealing."

Oil's dimming outlook

Brent crude, the global benchmark, is currently worth about $62 per barrel. If oil prices were between $70 and $80 per barrel, it would be easy to tack on a few $100 billion more in value to Aramco, Kapadia said.

But prices aren't headed in that direction. Global economic growth is weakening, reducing demand, and climate crisis fears are escalating. OPEC said in a report published this week that annual demand growth for oil will slump to just 500,000 barrels per day at the end of the next decade, as developed countries shift to renewable sources of energy. Aramco could tighten its grip on supply to boost prices — but not without stoking division among the cartel and allied producers.

"It's essentially a one product company, and the price of that product is very volatile," said Tarek Fadlallah, chief executive of the Middle East unit of Nomura Asset Management.

Additionally, many big institutional investors are under enormous pressure to dump oil assets because of the greenhouse gas emissions they generate and declining performance. Norway's giant wealth fund said it would phase out oil and gas stocks earlier this year. According to Carbon Tracker, a think tank, every major oil and gas company, including Aramco, has committed to recent projects that don't align with the Paris Climate Agreement, which aims to limit the increase in global average temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

"There are an increasing number of funds that have it as a stated policy that they will not invest in hydrocarbon-related companies," Fadlallah said. "That necessarily decreases the universe of funds that can invest in the Aramco IPO."

Aramco could fare better than its peers should climate concerns reduce demand for fossil fuels because its production costs are so low, said Andrew Grant, senior analyst at Carbon Tracker. But the company would still be hit if reduced demand eats into oil prices, making its margins much less attractive.

The Saudi factor

International investors that don't need to curry favor with Saudi's rulers could also hold out for a cheaper price on shares due to geopolitical risks. Aramco proved in September that it can quickly get production back up and running following a serious attack on its facilities. But the company still operates in a very volatile region and is beholden to its majority owner, the Saudi royal family.

"With any national oil company, the valuation is inextricably linked to the politics of that country," Kapadia said. He views Aramco as less politically risky than Russia's Rosneft or Brazil's Petrobras, but more exposed than the big oil companies based in developed markets.

The murder one year ago of journalist Jamal Khashoggi inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul chilled international business ties with the kingdom. Relations have only been partially repaired since.

Of course, some are more comfortable stomaching that political risk. China — which counts Saudi Arabia as its No. 1 source of crude oil — is in talks to invest between $5 billion and $10 billion in Aramco's IPO, Bloomberg reported Wednesday.

Sonja Laud, chief investment officer at Legal and General Investment Management, said Monday at a Reuters investment summit that her firm has not yet decided whether to invest in Aramco. "Concerns from a corporate governance viewpoint are well-flagged," she noted.

"LGIM is currently reviewing the Saudi Aramco investment case under consideration of business, valuation and corporate governance concerns," the asset management company said in a statement.

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Skiën en het Noorderlicht spotten in Narvik

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Het skiresort van Narvik is dé plaats bij uitstek om het Noorderlicht te spotten tijdens je wintersportvakantie in Noorwegen. Vanwege de noordelijke ligging en perfecte omstandigheden laat de befaamde Aurora Borealis zich hier regelmatig zien. Een reis naar Narvik kun je boeken via Norway Home of Skiing, een platform voor de mooiste skigebieden in Noorwegen.

Het bericht Skiën en het Noorderlicht spotten in Narvik verscheen eerst op Verkeersbureaus.info.


          

Week 45/2019 - Eurovision Radio International - 06 Nov 2019 - Michael Rice Interview - PODCAST AVAILABLE NOW

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Download this week's edition of Radio International
The Big Show  |     Play List

Also listen to other Eurovision Shows:
Forest FM Eurovision Show Case (2019-11-03)
Bradley Stoke Radio - Let Me Be the One (2019-11-05)

Radio International - The Ultimate Eurovision Experience

Radio International - The Ultimate Eurovision Experience is broadcast from Malta's Radio 105FM on Sunday evenings from 1800 - 2100 hours CET. The show is also broadcast on Castlepoint FM in the United Kingdom on Wednesday evenings from 2000 - 2300 hours CET as well as on the Facebook Page of Eurovision Radio International. Find out more details of how to tune in - click here.

Join in this Wednesday 30 October 2019 live from 2000 - 2300pmCET live on Castlepoint FM for Eurovision Radio International taking you through the autumn of 2019 with lots of good music and features related to the Eurovision Song Contest.

November - and into the month of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2019, Europe's Eurovision Countries are gearing up for the selection of their country's entry to the Eurovision Song Contest 2020 but also the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2019 is around the corner on Sunday, 24 November 2019 from Gliwice, Poland. But also many Eurovision Fanclubs (OGAEs) are having their annual club meetings and events around the contest. Radio International keeps you up to date with these events. See below what is planned for the show. 


AT A GLANCE - ON THE SHOW THIS WEEK
  • Interview with Michael Rice (United Kingdom 2019) done at OGAE UK's EUROBASH 2019 in Leeds
  • Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2019 - Thsi year's songs and trip back through the years
  • Eurovision Top 5 Flashback
  • Eurovision Cover Spot and The Eurovision Birthday File with David Mann
  • Eurovision Spotlight: The Netherlands at the Eurovision Song Contest with Ross Bennett
  • Eurovision News from escXtra.com with Nathan Waddell
  • Eurovision EUROVISION CALENDAR with Javier Leal
  • Your music requests
  • New Music Releases by Eurovision artist

Interview with Michael Rice (United Kingdom 2019):
The OGAE UK's annual edition of EUROBASH took place on 12 October 2020 in Leeds, United Kingdom with the participation of over 180 national and international plus four Eurovision artists were invited to attend the convention. Justs (Latvis 2016), Esther Hart (Netherlands 2003), Michael Rice (United Kingdom 2019 and Eurovision Winner 1992 Linda Martin (Ireland 1983 and 1992). Last week Radio International aired an interview with Eurovision Winner 1992, Linda Martin. This week enjoy the interview with the charming UK representative to the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 - Michael Rice who performed the song "Bigger than us" penned by John Lundvik from Sweden. Unfortunately, this year's UK entry became last in the Grand Final at Number 26.  Radio International's JP, Chris and Salman met the charming singer for an interview during EUROBASH 2019 in Leeds. This interview will be broadcast on Radio International this week.

Michael Rice (United Kingdom 2019) with JP, Chris and Salman

 Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2019: The 17th edition of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest will be staged in the Gliwice Arena, Poland on Sunday, 24 November 2019 with 19 countries participating. In 2018, Poland won with Roxana and the song "Anyone I want to be" and a decision was taken by Polish Broadcaster TVP to stage the 2019 edition in Gliwice. In the run up to the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2019 Radio International will be devoting a part of the weekly show to the music contest for the kids. You will hear some previous winners, highlights and of course also the 19 songs that are competing this year. The official website of the event is available here - Junior Eurovision and more detailed info is available here



Plus there will be Eurovision News, Birthday File, Cover Spot, Calendar and new releases by Eurovision artists.


Our Chatroom - Chat with the Eurovision Fan Community during the live show on Wednesdays from 2000 - 2300 hours CET. This is how it works:

  • Enter your Chat Member Nick Name and after confirming you will be taken to the chat room.
  • In order to listen to the show you need to click on the SOUND ICON below the chat room and select Play Radio. The current live show should now be playing and 
  • Start chatting while listening to the show.

Join Radio International on Wednesday, 06 November 2019 starting from 2000 - 2300 pmCET via the website or on FM. Radio International is available via different means. Visit HOW TO TUNE IN to see the details. The show will be available on the website of Malta's RADIO105 and via TUNEIN, as well as on Castlepoint FM in the United Kingdom via their TUNEIN Channel and will be relayed on the Facebook Group of Eurovision Radio International . For the Wednesday evening live show you can join the chat room where the show will be relayed as well. For that click here.

Further details are available here:

Happy Eurovisioning
JP and the Team in the Tower of Eurovision Power
www.radiointernational.tv


#eurovision #eurovision2019 #esc #DareToDream #eurovision2019 #interviews #EUROBASH #UnitedKingdom #MichaelRice #jesc #JuniorEurovision #ShareTheJoy

THE PLAY LIST

1.
Erik Rapp
Faller
Junior Eurovision 2011, Sweden, Number 9

2.
Privat ft Erik Rapp
Marmor
NEW RELEASE: Nov 2019, Sweden

3.
Vicky Leandros
Come what may (Apres Toi)
Eurovision Winner 1972, Luxembourg
United Kingdom Charts 1972, April, Number 2

4.
Roxana Wegiel
Anyone I want to be
Junior Eurovision Winner 2018, Poland

5.
Roxana Wegiel
Half of my heart
NEW RELEASE: Nov 2019, Poland

6.
Conchita Wurst
Rise Like A Phoenix
Eurovision Winner 2014, Austria

7.
Diggi-Loo, Diggi-Ley
The Herreys
Eurovision Winner 1984, Sweden

8.
Gabriela Gunčíková
I stand
Eurovision 2016, Czech Republic, Number 25

9.
Laura Tesoro
What’s the pressure
Eurovision 2016, Belgium, Number 19

10.
Laura Tesoro
Press Pause
NEW RELEASE : Oct 2019, Belgium

8.
Conchita Wurst
Under the gun
NEW RELEASE: Nov 2019, Austria

11.
Carl Espen
Silent Storm (Rykkinnfella Remix)
Eurovision 2014, Norway, Number 8

12.
Lukas Gournitzka
Silent Storm (Cover)
Eurovision 2014, Norway, Number 8

13.
Corry Brokken
Net Als Toen
Eurovision Winner 1957, The Netherlands

14.
Lennie Kuhr
De Troubadour
Eurovision Winner 1969, The Netherlands

15.
Linda Williams
Het is een wonder
Eurovision 1981, The Netherlands, Number 9

16.
Maxine and Franklin Brown
De Eerste Keer
Eurovision 1996, The Netherlands, Number 7

17.
De Toppers
Shine
Eurovision 2009, The Netherlands, Semi Final 2 Number 17

18.
Roko
The Dream
Eurovision 2019, Croatia, Semi Fina 2 Number 14

19.
Roko feat. Messenger
Krila
NEW RELEASE: Nov 2019, Croatia

20.
Gianluca Bezzina
Tomorrow
Eurovision 2013, Malta, Number 8

21.
Michael Rice
Bigger than us
Eurovision 2019, United Kingdom, Number 26

22.
Max and Anne
Samen
Junior Eurovision 2018, Netherlands, Number 13

23.
Matheu
Dans met jou
Junior Eurovision 2019, Netherlands

24.
Darija Vracevic
Podigni glas (Raise your voice)
Junior Eurovision 2019, Serbia

25.
Julia Chmielarska
Oszukujesz sie (You are kidding yourself)
NEW RELEASE: Nov 2019, Poland

26.
Dunja Jeličić
Uh la la la
Junior Eurovision 2016, Serbia, Number 17


          

Husqvarna Láncfűrész PROFI Fűrészgép Akár 1ft! Nincs minimálár! KIÁRUSÍTÁS! Csak pár nap! - Jelenlegi ára: 2 800 Ft

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Eladó Husvarna Láncfűrész
Típus: 315 EL
Működik, jó hangja van, a lánc fut szépen, viszont a láncolajzó valamiért nem nyom olajat. Ezt leszámítva elektronikusan, szerkezetileg, mechanikailag rendben van. Szét nem szedtem és szervízben sem volt, így eladó. Láncvezetővel, lánccal, láncvédő burkolattal kompletten, ahogyan a képeken látható. Erős 1500 Wattos motor, automatikus kuplung, biztonsági fék, ergonómikus kialakítás. Profi Norvég minőség, aki ismeri, annak nem kell bemutatni.
Hálózati feszültség: 230 V
Teljesítmény: 1500 W
Vágáshossz: 350 mm
Biztonsági fék
Made in Norway.
Lánccal, láncvezetővel, védőburkolattal kompletten adom, ahogyan a képeken látható. A képek az eladó termékről készültek, retusálás nélkül.
Minimálár nincs, a legmagasabb licit nyeri az aukciót. Lejárati idő előtt nem zárok és licitet sem törlök. A termék állapotára való tekintettel garancia, visszavét nincs. Kérem, hogy ezeket vegye figyelembe, amikor licitál.
Házhozszállítás futárral, MPL PostaPont, Foxpost vagy MPL csomagautomata egyaránt megoldható. Amennyiben 25 ezer forint összérték felett vásárol nálam, ingyenes szállítást biztosítok!
Nézze meg a többi aukciómat is, 1 Ft-ról, minimálár nélkül!
IDE kattintva feliratkozhat, hogy időben értesüljön, amikor új terméket töltök fel, ugyanígy 1 Ft-ról!
Husqvarna Láncfűrész PROFI Fűrészgép Akár 1ft! Nincs minimálár! KIÁRUSÍTÁS! Csak pár nap!
Jelenlegi ára: 2 800 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2019-11-12 20:00
          

Video Premiere: MAYHEM's 'Falsified And Hated'

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The official music video for the song "Falsified And Hated" from Norwegian black metal veterans MAYHEM can be seen below. The track is taken from the band's latest album, "Daemon", which was released on October 25 via Century Media. Guitarist Teloch comments: "This is the first official music video we have released, so indeed some thought went into this. Instead of having us filmed at some dodgy location with instruments not even plugged in, we did something different, in the true tradition of the band. We hired Johan Bååth (WATAIN, etc.) as a director and we also were lucky enough to get the infamous Swedish graffiti artist Ziggy Jonas Rasmusson to do his ritualistic paintings for the video." Producer Tore Stjerna states: "It's a very strong track with tons of energy. It also stands out in an interesting way with its hints towards industrial music. The insanity of this roller-coaster ride of a song marries beautifully with the twisted art featured in the video." Director Johan Bååth says: "When I was asked to do the very first MAYHEM music video, I thought I really had to do something more than just a plain black metal video, I wanted to take it one step further and do something different but stay true to the genre and, of course, MAYHEM's iconic legacy as a band. I thought of the artist Ziggy Jonas Rasmusson and his ritualistic paintings and I asked him if he wanted to participate. Together we came up with this idea of a ritualistic painted pentagon-shaped room, completely surrounded by five painted walls, facing a centered pentagram-painting with Ziggy's 'hex-text'signs and symbols all over, each of the five point corners symbolizing human expiration. In the middle, we see an organic neoplasm tumor-like shaped form, all muddy and dirty with wooden branches ensnared around it. The surreal and scary-looking outgrowth is almost breathing with dark energy, attached to several plastic tubes connected to five cloaked characters symbolizing the five members of MAYHEM. They're completely occupied with different ritual tasks destroying all humanity and contributing matter and dark energy to the demon creation in the middle." By the power of darkness and with the might of black-hearted will no two MAYHEM albums have been or will ever be the same. Over the course of MAYHEM's storied and groundbreaking 35-year career — from "Deathcrush" (1987) through "Esoteric Warfare" (2014) — the Norwegians have continuously challenged the orthodoxy of the genre they helped create. Originally informed by greats HELLHAMMER, VENOM, BATHORY and SODOM, MAYHEM eventually imbued its damnable attack with influences from all over the music extreme spectrum, indicated first on the harsh and angular "Wolf's Lair Abyss" (1997) EP and foremost on the enterprisingly brutal and revolutionary "Grand Declaration Of War" (2000). "Daemon" isn't a direct follow-up to "Esoteric Warfare". Like all MAYHEM albums of their time, "Daemon" is unto itself. The wolf solitary and singular. Indeed, "Daemon" also isn't a new chapter in MAYHEM's storied career. Rather, it's a new tome, authoritative yet wild in character. Composed and decomposed with the same lineup — Necrobutcher (bass), Hellhammer (drums), Attila (vocals), Teloch (guitars) and Ghul (guitars) — that handled "Esoteric Warfare" and performed "De Mysteriis Dom Sathanas" in its entirety over the last few years, "Daemon" isn't a retrofit of classic songs like "Freezing Moon", "Pagan Fears" or "Buried By Time And Dust" either. That's what the live album, "De Mysteriis Dom Sathanas Alive" (2016), was for. "Daemon" is change, an opportunity for the maw of hell to open wider. "MAYHEM will always be MAYHEM," says Teloch. "If we put the genre game aside a bit, no one else sounds like MAYHEM. Even when 'De Mysteriis' came out, it was not at first considered to be a black metal album, if my memory serves me right. Tricky to label this band. Metal would be the most fitting; it's not pure black metal, in my opinion. Not sure it has ever been actually, despite what the general opinion is. People can call it whatever they want. If it's black metal to them, then fine. We don't really care. To me, it's important to keep some sort of black metal vibe at least." MAYHEM entered NBS Audio Studio (a.k.a. Necromorbus Studio) in Söderfors, Sweden to record drums and vocals with producer/engineer Tore Stjerna. Newly consecrated Studio A (Stjerna's Stockholm studio will continue to operate as Studio B) in an old church, Hellhammer and Csihar recorded their respective parts for "Daemon". The band then had Ghul record his guitars in the Netherlands, while the bass was engineered by Teloch and performed by Necrobutcher at Lupercal Studio in Oslo, Norway. Teloch took his guitar tracking to SleikBallaMi Studio, also in Oslo. "Daemon" was then brought back to Stjerna for mixing and sent off to Thomas Johansson at The Panic Room for mastering. The whole affair took about three months to nail down. "Daemon" track listing: 01. The Dying False King 02. Agenda Ignis 03. Bad Blood 04. Malum 05. Falsified And Hated 06. Aeon Daemonium 07. Worthless Abomination Destroyed 08. Daemon Spawn 09. Of Worms And Ruins 10. Invoke The Oath Certainly, the art of the album cover can be hit or miss. Not for MAYHEM. The Norwegians have crafted an aesthetic that's both harrowing and insidious. From the low contrast majesty of "De Mysteriis Dom Sathanas" and the blurry haunt of "Chimera" to the suggestive intensity of "Grand Declaration Of War" and "Esoteric Warfare"'s retro-modern mind machine layout, the band have always been progressively inclined where it concerns image, message, and style. For "Daemon", MAYHEM enlisted Italian designer Daniele Valeriani (LUCIFER'S CHILD, DARK FUNERAL) to understand, conceive, and deliver the cover art. "I think this album will be most pleasing for old and new fans," says Teloch. "As most of our devoted fans know, MAYHEM has never released two albums that sound the same. That's the case this time around as well. As I said, we simplified stuff, but at the same time tried out some new stuff to keep it interesting for ourselves and, also for our fans that dig that we are doing something new on each album."

          

IRON MAIDEN Announces Spring/Summer 2020 'Legacy Of The Beast' Tour Dates

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British heavy metal legends IRON MAIDEN have announced nearly three dozen shows for next spring and summer as part of their acclaimed "Legacy Of The Beast" tour. After a six-date run in Australia and New Zealand in May, they will play in Japan and the Philippines, before traveling to Dubai, United Arab Emirates and Tel Aviv, Israel. MAIDEN will then return to Europe for a number of festival appearances and headlining shows in Finland, Germany, United Kingdom, Belgium, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Russia, Poland, Czech Republic, Holland, France, Austria, Italy, Portugal and Spain. IRON MAIDEN singer Bruce Dickinson said in a statement: "We've had a fantastic time on the 'Legacy' tour so far, and the reaction everywhere to the stage show and all the crazy props (and Eddie!) I get to play with has been phenomenal. The whole band has been having such fun, we're really excited to bring this production back out on the road next year." The concept for the "Legacy Of The Beast" tour was inspired by MAIDEN's mobile game and comic book of the same name. The stage set design features a number of different but interlocking "worlds" with a setlist covering a large selection of 1980s material with a handful of surprises from later albums to add diversity. MAIDEN's current set includes a Spitfire buzzing the stage during the opening number, "Aces High". The plane is a 90-percent-sized replica of an actual Supermarine Spitfire Mk Vb registration number AA 853 from 302 Squadron that saw active duty in 1941. MAIDEN's 2019 North, South and Central America trek comprised 44 shows in six countries, which, combined with the band's 2018 European dates, means that the group has already taken the "Legacy Of The Beast" show to over one and three quarter of a million fans around the globe. The first leg of the "Legacy Of The Beast" tour opened in Europe last year to outstanding critical acclaim, not just by the 750,000-plus fans who came to see the show but right across national press and rock media, including The Times (U.K.) newspaper calling it "an extraordinary show filled with world class theatrics… a masterclass in performance and staging." IRON MAIDEN's 2020 tour dates: May 01 - Perth, Australia, RAC Arena (w/ KILLSWITCH ENGAGE) May 03 - Adelaide, Australia, Entertainment Centre (w/ KILLSWITCH ENGAGE) May 05 - Brisbane, Australia, Entertainment Centre (w/ KILLSWITCH ENGAGE) May 07 - Sydney, Australia, Qudos Bank Arena (w/ KILLSWITCH ENGAGE) May 11 - Melbourne, Australia, Rod Laver Arena (w/ KILLSWITCH ENGAGE) May 13 - Auckland, New Zealand, Spark Arena (w/ KILLSWITCH ENGAGE) May 16 - Manila, Philippines, Pulp Summer Slam May 19 - Tokyo, Japan, Pia Arena MM May 20 - Tokyo, Japan, Pia Arena MM May 22 - Osaka, Japan, [venue to be confirmed] May 27 - Dubai, UAE, Coca-Cola Arena May 30 - Tel Aviv, Israel, Bloomfield Stadium (w/ ORPHANED LAND) Jun. 5-7 - Tampere, Finland, Rockfest Jun. 09 - Bremen, Germany, Buergerweide (w/ DISTURBED & AIRBOURNE) Jun. 10 - Cologne, Germany, Rhein-Energie-Stadium (w/ AIRBOURNE & LORD OF THE LOST) Jun. 13 - Donington, UK, Download Festival Jun. 15 - Belfast, UK, Belsonic Festival Jun. 18 - Dessel, Belgium, Graspop Metal Meeting Jun. 20 - Copenhagen, Denmark, Copenhell Jun. 23 - Berlin, Germany, Waldbuehne (w/ AIRBOURNE & LORD OF THE LOST) Jun. 25 - Oslo, Norway, Tons Of Rock Jun. 27 - Gothenburg, Sweden, Ullevi Stadium (w/ ALTER BRIDGE & AIRBOURNE) Jun. 30 - St Petersburg, Russia, Ice Palace (w/ AIRBOURNE) Jul. 02 - Moscow, Russia, VTB Arena Dynamo Central Stadium (w/ AIRBOURNE) Jul. 05 - Warsaw, Poland, PGE Narodowy (w/ WITHIN TEMPTATION & LORD OF THE LOST) Jul. 07 - Prague, Czech Republic, Sinobo Stadium (w/ AIRBOURNE & LORD OF THE LOST) Jul. 09 - Weert, Holland, Evenemententerrein (w/ Alter BRIDGE & AIRBOURNE) Jul. 11 - Paris, France, Paris La Defense Arena (w/ AIRBOURNE & AVATAR) Jul. 16 - Wiener, Austria, Neustadt Stadium (w/ AIRBOURNE & LORD OF THE LOST) Jul. 18 - Stuttgart, Germany, Mercedes-Benz Arena (w/ AIRBOURNE & LORD OF THE LOST) Jul. 20 - Bologna, Italy, Sonic Park (w/ AIRBOURNE & LORD OF THE LOST) Jul. 23 - Lisbon, Portugal, Estadio Nacional (w/ WITHIN TEMPTATION & AIRBOURNE) Jul. 25 - Barcelona, Spain, Olympic Stadium (w/ WITHIN TEMPTATION & AIRBOURNE)

          

World RX Calendar 2020

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World RX official  April 18 - 19 th. Spain - Barcelona - Catalunia  May 02 - 03 th. Portugal - Montalegre  May 16 - 17 th. Benelux - Spa-Francorchamps June 13 - 14 th. Norway - Hell July 04 - 05 th. Sweden - Holjes July 18 - 19 th. TBC  August 01 - 02 th. Germany - Nurburgring September 05 - 06 th. France - Loheac  September 19 - 20 th. TBC October 30 - 31 th. Abu - Dhabi - Yas
          

U.S. Coal Bankruptcies Reveal The Future Of Alberta Tar Sands

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Date: 
Friday, November 1, 2019 - 19:45
Article Image: 
London on April 18, 2018, as they protest against the Trans Mountain oil pipeline from Alberta's oil sands to the Pacific Ocean. In 2016, Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's government approved tripling the 1,150-kilometer (715-mile) Trans Mountain pipeline's capacity to carry 890,000 barrels of oil for shipping overseas from landlocked Alberta's oil sands to the port of Vancouver. / AFP PHOTO / Tolga AKMEN (Photo credit should read TOLGA AKMEN/AFP/Getty Images)AFP/GETTY IMAGES
 Oct 30, 2019

By some estimates, “the price of oil could permanently plummet to $25 a barrel by the mid-2020s. Only the cheapest oil in places like Saudi Arabia could be economically produced. Canada's oil sands, where most projects need an oil price of $60 to $80 a barrel just to break even, would cease to make financial sense.”
 
The U.S. coal industry is in big trouble. This year alone, eight companies have filed for bankruptcy protection, Murray Energy is the latest one. Bob Murray’s friendship with President Trump could not save the company. After all, the death of coal is due to fracking, not regulation.

While these bankruptcies might be good news for climate change, they have caused havoc for coal miners and coal communities. Typically, bankrupt coal companies renege on their pension and healthcare obligations. Miners and pensioners are virtually left penniless. Just follow any story on Appalachia to get a sense of the social and economic chaos that collapsing coal inflicts on local communities.

Coal implosion should hold important lessons for Alberta’s oil sands economy. After all, both coal and oil contribute to climate change. Both are vulnerable to regulatory and market challenges. It seems that Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau does not see the decline of oil to be inevitable. In 2018, courts blocked the construction of Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain Pipeline, which would carry Alberta’s oil to the Pacific Ocean. Trudeau’s government intervened and purchased the pipeline for $4.5 billion (and has committed additional billions of dollars for its expansion).

But Albertans remain suspicious of Trudeau and Ottawa. Some even want to secede from Canada! In 2019 election, his Liberal party drew blank in Alberta. So how does he win over Albertans? At his first Press conference after the 2019 reelection, Trudeau declared that his government is committed to fighting climate change and building the Trans Mountain Pipeline. 

This is where a leadership deficit is showing. Instead of pandering to Alberta, Trudeau should have shown tough love. The reason is simple: the pipeline provides a false sense of economic security and discourages Alberta from diversifying away from the tar sands.

The Trudeau Syndrome: Real Climate Champions Love Oil Sands

Alberta tar sands are an important economic resource for CanadaNatural Resources Canada, a government body, notes: “The oil sands comprise 167.2 billion barrels of crude oil – 97 percent of Canada’s 172.5 billion barrels of proven oil reserves—and are a vital part of the Canadian economy. The industry is one of Canada’s largest employers, with more than 400,000 people deriving direct, indirect and induced employment from the oil sands and supporting sectors.”

To justify his support for the pipeline to his pro-climate base, Trudeau is playing the nationalist card, which for Canadians means a dose of Anti-AmericanismTrudeau said: "For too long we have been selling our natural resources to the United States at a discount ... Getting our resources to markets other than the United States and getting that done as quickly as possible remains a priority.”

The Stranded Asset Problem

Trudeau might support the pipeline pointing to the projected growth in energy demand. There are over 1 billion cars in the world, and an additional 70 million are added every year. If there are cars, the logic goes, there will be a demand for oil, not to mention the increasing demand for petrochemicals. It is not surprising that almost every country (Norway probably being the only exception) continues to explore for new oil reserves.

In the short run (10-20 years), this argument probably makes sense. But in the medium term (20-40 years), the auto industry might look different and the demand for oil will probably begin to soften. This is when Alberta will begin facing the problem of stranded oil sands assets.

An asset is stranded when it becomes nonperforming during its useful economic life. The reasons include technological innovations that render it obsolete, shifts in consumer preferences, or changes in the regulatory structure.

Faced with extreme weather events, governments may enact even more stringent laws to discourage combustion-engine automobiles. Second, courts may announce large verdicts against major oil firms for imposing harms on individuals, cities, and other actors. As a part of the settlement, oil firms may accept penalties such as a large dose of a carbon tax in exchange for immunity. This sort of carbon tax could reduce demand for oil. Third, increased energy-efficiency of gasoline cars and the rapid expansion of electric cars and trucks might dampen the demand for oil. Alongside, there could be a “drive shame” movement encouraging individuals to take public transportation (or simply walk) as opposed to driving. Indeed, millennials are less interested in car ownership than the previous generations.

With oil demand softening, only the most efficient oil producers will survive. By some estimates, “the price of oil could permanently plummet to $25 a barrel by the mid-2020s. Only the cheapest oil in places like Saudi Arabia could be economically produced. Canada's oil sands, where most projects need an oil price of $60 to $80 a barrel just to break even, would cease to make financial sense.”

Will Alberta Become the New Appalachia?

An investment of more than $200 billion is at risk. What if oil sands industry becomes uncompetitive and these assets become nonperforming? Mass bankruptcies will follow. Governmental revenue will plummet and local communities dependent on oil jobs will be devastated.

Just see how the bankruptcy of the coal industry is playing out in Appalachia and the Powder River Basin regions of the United States. David Roberts notes: “Coal mines have shut down, hundreds of people are out of work, unemployment offices are overwhelmed, and there appears to be worse to come. The coal industry, long seen as a friend and economic linchpin in the state, is falling apart, and the very communities that have supported it most are getting screwed over in the process.”

Labor unions are worried that a bankrupt coal sector will not be able to fulfill its pension and healthcare obligations. Further, bankrupt coal firms tend to renege on mine clean up obligations as well.

Preparing for a Soft Landing

Trudeau wants to become another Trump who promised to bring coal back. One might argue that the decline of oil will be delayed by rolling back climate laws or massive government funding for carbon removal technologies. The reality is that coal jobs have not come back and probably never will. Oil could follow a similar trajectory.

Generating false hopes for the revival of oil is irresponsible because it is making Alberta, a high-cost oil producer, even more vulnerable to oil downturns. The wise policy is to start preparing Alberta for a soft landing. The basic idea is to invest in creating non fossil-fuel jobs. At minimum, Trudeau’s government should not throw a lifeline to the Trans Mountain Pipeline because it is creating an even bigger stock of stranded assets.

The Trudeau syndrome reveals the perils of democracy where leaders embrace policies to secure short term political gains. Trudeau’s false populism did not fetch him votes in Alberta. Maybe it is time for him to reverse course on the pipeline and guide Alberta towards a more diversified economy with a sustainable economic trajectory.

Nives Dolsak is Professor and Director of the School of Marine & Environmental Affairs. Aseem Prakash is the Walker Family Professor and the Director of the Center for Environmental Politics. Both are at the University of Washington, Seattle.

[Top photo: London on April 18, 2018, as they protest against the Trans Mountain oil pipeline from Alberta's oil sands to the Pacific Ocean. In 2016, Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's government approved tripling the 1,150-kilometer (715-mile) Trans Mountain pipeline's capacity to carry 890,000 barrels of oil for shipping overseas from landlocked Alberta's oil sands to the port of Vancouver. / AFP PHOTO / Tolga AKMEN (Photo credit should read TOLGA AKMEN/AFP/Getty Images)]

Author: 
Nives Dolsak and Aseem Prakash

          

Affected person.The published incidence numbers of CICV conditions with all the Correspondence

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Patient.The revealed incidence figures of CICV circumstances with all the Correspondence: marten.sandberg@medisin.uio.no School of medication, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Air Ambulance Department, Oslo College Clinic, Sykehusveien , N, Nordbyhagen, Norway Whole list of author information and facts is avai.Affected person.The published incidence figures of CICV scenarios while using the Corr
          

Kia Optima Sedan Stolen at Apartment Complex Near Route 53 and Dundee Rd, Unincorporated Palatine

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Cook County Sheriff’s Police received a report about 7:09 AM Tuesday November 5, 2019 of a stolen auto at an apartment complex in the block of 1500 Norway Lane near the intersection of Norway Lane and and Silver Lane Palatine, IL. Police received a report that an unknown offender or offenders to a black 2006 […]
          

Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree Cut Down, En Route to NYC

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With Christmas season on the horizon, a 23 meter tall Norway Spruce bound for Rockefeller Center was cut down and placed on to a trailer to take the trip into Manhattan, Thursday, November 7.
          

Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree Due To Arrive Saturday

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The Rockefeller Center Christmas tree is being cut down Thursday morning in the village of Florida, New York. The Norway spruce will be the 88th tree to grace the Plaza this...
          

2019 X Games Update: From Minneapolis to Norway

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Minneapolis has become a new home for the Summer X Games events. But Minneapolis isn’t the only spot gaining attention in the X Game scene. Norway is up next. We haven’t seen any odds for the event at top sportsbooks as of yet, but they are bound to come out soon. The action gets underway […]
          

Euronext CEO Boujnah says no tie-up talks with any European bourse

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Euronext CEO Boujnah says no tie-up talks with any European bourseEuronext's Chief Executive Stephane Boujnah said rumours the pan-European exchange was in talks with Spanish peer BME or another European exchange were "baseless". Bloomberg reported that Euronext - which operates stock markets in France, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Belgium and the Netherlands - has been assessing potential acquisition targets, including the Madrid and Milan exchanges. "Recent market rumours... are unfounded and there is no dialogue with the two companies mentioned, nor with any exchange in Europe, and also no offer has been made to any board or to any shareholders," Boujnah told a media call on Euronext's third quarter results.



          

DiRT Rally 2.0 World Series Qualifiers: Round 3

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It’s your last chance to progress to the next stage, as we head into Round 3 of the DiRT Rally 2.0 World Series Qualifiers.   Round 3 Schedule   Here is the schedule of Qualifiers for Round 3 of the DiRT Rally 2.0 World Series, for both Rally and Rallycross disciplines. Head to the World Series tab in-game to find the Qualifiers as they go live, and keep an eye on the Leaderboards to see who’s on track for the Quarter-Finals. The player with the fastest time on each platform in each Qualifier will progress, as will the driver on each platform with the fastest cumulative time across the 3 weeks.   November 5-11: Rally: Poland – Czarny Las – H3 RWD Rallycross: Mettet, Belgium – RX2   November 12-18: Rally: New Zealand – Waimarama Point Reverse – R2 Rallycross: Holjes, Sweden – RX1600   November 19-25: Rally: Spain – Decenso por Carrertera – R5 Rallycross: Hell, Norway – RX Supercars     Participation Prize: BMW M2 Competition   Every player who competes in a DiRT Rally 2.0 World Series Qualifier will be rewarded with an new car, the BMW M2 Competition. If you set a valid time in a DiRT Rally 2.0 World Series ...
          

Somalia iyo Norway oo  si wadajir ah u daah-furay Wajiga labaad ee Mashruuca Xasilinta iyo adeegyadda bulshadda oo laga fulinayo dalka “Sawirro”

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Muqdisho (SONNA)- Wasiirka Arrimaha Gudaha Xukuumadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Ku-xiggeenka Safiirka Norway ee Soomaaliya, Ergeyga gaarka ah ee Dawladda …

Somalia iyo Norway oo  si wadajir ah u daah-furay Wajiga labaad ee Mashruuca Xasilinta iyo adeegyadda bulshadda oo laga fulinayo dalka “Sawirro” Read More »


          

1st #VdGMForum | Barcelona, 7-8 February 2014

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The Vasco da Gama Movement whishes to thank all participants, speakers and supporters of the first PanEuropean meeting for Trainees and Junior Family Doctors, the #VdGMForum !

 

 

Download the 2014 #VdGMForum programme and abstract booklet by clicking here (PDF, 5MB)

 

Welcome message

The Vasco da Gama Movement invites you to be part of the first PanEuropean meeting for Trainees and Junior Family Doctors !

We are delighted to welcome you to the first Pan European meeting for trainees and junior Family Doctors, the Vasco da Gama Movement Forum, which will be held in the city of Barcelona on 7th-8th February 2014. After organising 8 succesful European PreConferences and co-organising 2 fantastic World PreConferences ahead of the Wonca Conferences between 2005-2013, and alongside preparations for the 2014 VdGM PreConference in Lisbon in July, the Vasco da Gama Movement is ready to take the next step ! 
 
We are organizing the VdGM Forum, a scientific conference rich in contents, under the title “One Strong Voice for the Family Doctors of the 21st Century”. The programme will be focused on the topics of the Future of Family Medicine, Emergency Medicine and Out-of-Hours Services, Career Development, Research Skills and Emerging Technologies.
 
Prior to the VdGM Forum, a vocational exchange will be organized for selected participants, who will have the opportunity to observe GP/FM practices (offices) in Barcelona and learn more about the national organisation of primary care.
 
We strongly believe that the progress of our movement depends on our colleagues, on whether they share our cause, and on the continuity of our platform; a platform in which members meet regularly and they have the chance to establish and develop good professional relationships, which are essential for launching exciting and aspirational new projects. Alongside trainees and newly qualified (5 years) General Practitioners / Family Doctors, we also welcome senior GP/FD, other specialities but also patients and undergraduate medical students.
 
For this very reason we are working with great enthusiasm so that you can enjoy a unique scientific and cultural programme.
 
We warmly invite you all to join us for an amazing conference; we are looking forward to meeting you in Barcelona!
 
The Host Organising Committee of the First VdGM Forum
 
 

Speakers

Confirmed speakers to the VdGM Forum

 

Enric Aragonès  (Spain) 

Enric Aragonès, MD, PhD,is a family physician and general practitioner at Constantí Primary Care Centre (Catalan Heath Institute). He is working in research projects in mental health in the primary care area (mainly in clinical and healthcare topics of depression) and is the manager of the Research Group in Mental Health and Primary Care in Tarragona (Primary Care Research Institute IDIAP Jordi Gol). He is member of the Working Group in Mental Health of the CAMFiC (Catalan Society of Family Medicine) and coordinator of the semFYC Working Group in Mental Health (Spanish Society of Family Medicine).

 

Manuel Campíñez Navarro

(Spain)

Manuel Campiñez Navarro. Family physician in EBA Vallcarca, Barcelona. Master in Primary Health Care, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB). Associate Clinical Professor in the Medicine Department, UAB. Directive Member of the Communication and Health Group in the Spanish Family Physicians Association (SEMFYC). PhD Student in UAB.

Magdalena Canals

(Spain)

Magdalena  Canals Aracil is a family and community doctor. She works in a Health Center in the south of Madrid. She’s member of  the Emergencyand ContinuingCare group of semFYC  and is Family Medicine resident´s tutor in Madrid and Associate Professor of practice in the Complutense University. She has a lot of experience learning basic/advanced live support, she makes with her ESVAP program group (Enseñanza de Soporte Vital en Atención Primaria) many courses all over Spain. She is coordinator of ESVAP program in Madrid.

Sonia Cibrián

(Spain)

Family physician un EBA VAllcarca, Barcelona. Member of the Communication and Health Group in the Spanish Family Physicians Association (semFYC). PhD Student in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB).

Lorraine Cleaver

(UK)

Lorraine Cleaver is a Scottish wife and mother who has petitioned the Scottish Parliament for improved Thyroid diagnosis and treatment. The petition has benefited from the involvement of the Minister for Public Health and is progressing well. After her thyroid was removed in 2006 for Graves disease, Lorraine's health declined by an alarming degree, despite being under the care of an Endocrinologist. Her GP was desperate to help but the system of deferring to the consultant and guidelines made this almost impossible. She recovered her health by working alongside her GP but outwith the established Endocrinology model. Gathering evidence for the petition reinforced that the treatment model for chronic diseases is failing many thousands of patients who go on to develop worsening health and a reliance on polypharmacy. She is optimistic that putting patients at the center of their treatment will help to change this, improving patient's health and enabling GP's to have more autonomy in the patient's care.

Xavier Cos
(Spain)
 

Mercedes Fernández

(Spain)

Mercedes Pérez Fernández. GP, specialist in Internal Medicine, Equipo CESCA, Madrid (Spain). President of the Ethical Committee of the Spanish Network of Primary Care, and NoGracias.

Odile Fernández

(Spain)

Odile Fernández. GP. Postgradute in preventive medicine and public health. Author of the book: "Mis Recetas Anticáncer: alimentación y vida anticáncer" ( My recipes anticancer: food and life anticancer). Survivor of stage IV ovarian cancer. She is working in the promotion of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of cancer. 

Aurora Rovira Fontanals

(Spain)

Aurora Rovira Fontanals (Barcelona, 1961). MD (UAB, 1985). Family physician since 1989, working in CAP La Pau (Barcelona) since 1992. Tutor of GP trainees since 1995. Member of Gender Violence network and Primary Care of CAMFiC. Member of Red-CAPS (female healthcare professional’s network).

Berta Garcia Arbol

(Spain)

Medical student at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Currently studying at the University of Alcalá in a national exchange program. Member of Farmacriticxs, a national project of International Federation of Medical Students Associations of Spain (IFMSA-Spain). Member of the organization committee of the second Farmacriticxs- NoGracias conference “Salut amb Seny” at Barcelona, 2011. One month clinical clerkship at Teresina, Brazil through an International Clinical Exchange Program of IFMSA. Member of Red-CAPS, a female healthcare professional’s network.

Juan Gervas

(Spain)

Juan GERVAS. GP, PhD. Equipo CESCA, Madrid (Spain). Honorary professor, public health, Autonomous University, Madrid. Visiting professor, international health, National School of Public Health, Madrid.

Raquel Gomez-Bravo
(Spain)
Dr Raquel Gómez Bravo is a Spanish young family doctor from Alhaurín el Grande Málaga, where she was graduated in 2004 (UAM). She made her Specialization in Family and Community Medicine in Madrid 2005-2009, being very in the Spanish Scientific Society of Family and Community Medicine SemFYC. Chief of Residents of Universitary of Hospital La Paz 2009-2010. Emergency Department of the University Hospital La Paz (Madrid, Spain) (June, 2009 to August 2012). Mentor of trainees: June 2010-August 2012. Teacher at Autonomous University of Madrid: “TAD de Medicina y Cirugía de Urgencias” during 3 years (Academic years 2009-2010, 2010-2011, 2011-2012), specialize in communication skills and new technologies. Expert in Mental Health in Primary Care (University of Alcalá) 2009. European Expert in Quality Management in Health Care (AENOR) 2011. Nowadays she is the Spanish Representative Member in VdGM Europe Council. Coordinator of Beyond Europe Group in VdGM. VdGM Executive. Liaison with EURIPA and member of EURIPA Executive. Liaison with WWPWFM. Member of Family Violence Special Interest Group and actually working in her PhD about Gender Violence. 

Ángel González

(Spain)

Advertising practitioner with 30 years of experience, half of them in the Healthcare sector. He has been co-President of Publicis Healthcare Spain, heading the Madrid office by managing its change and bringing innovation to lead it to being “the reference of the market on a global scale”. Afterwards, he joined the Madrid office of Global Healthcare as partner and managing director with the responsibility of re-launching it onto the Spanish market. In January 2009, Angel set up Ideagoras, the first fully independent Social Media in Healthcare company established in Spain. He was the founder of #hcsmeuES, leading the tweet-chats during its first year.

Angelina González Viana

(Spain)

Registered Nurse at Barcelona University (1996) worked at cardiac units both in Catalan and English hospitals and for Doctors without Borders in Sierra Leone and Uganda in 2003-2004. MPH in 2005 at Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona. Since 2007 I work at Catalan Public Health Agency. Involved on health promotion programs that connect primary health and municipalities into making easy the healthy options at local level as well as involved in impulsing community health projects in vulnerable areas of Catalonia.

Prof Amanda Howe

(UK)

Prof Amanda Howe was elected as WONCA President-Elect in Prague in June 2013. She will become the first woman to be WONCA President in 2016. She was elected RCGP Honorary Secretary in 2009. Prof Howe practices at the Bowthorpe Medical Centre in Norwich, England and has been Professor of Primary Care at the University of East Anglia since 2001. She has been deeply involved with WONCA since 2000, when she facilitated a workshop for their Working Party on Women and Family Medicine. She is on their Executive, chaired the group from 2007-2009, and hosted an international meeting at UEA in 2009. Prof Howe now serves on the newly created Equity Committee, is a member of WONCA Europe’s Bylaws Committee, and (also as part of her role as RCGP Honorary Secretary), often attends WONCA conferences in Europe and around the world to contribute relevant papers and promote the development of family medicine.
 

Sebastian Huter

(Austria)

Sebastian Huter is a medical student from Austria. He is writing his diploma thesis on "the role of the GPs as point of first contact in the Austrian health care system". As a member of the Austrian Medical Students' Association and the Austrian VdGM-membership organisation "JAMÖ" he participated in and coordinated various projects to advocate for better training in general practice, both during and after medical school.

Per Kallestrup

(Denmark)

See more in this link.

Laminu Kaumi

(Spain)

Laminu Kaumi M.D, ETM, MPH, is a final year Resident Doctor in Family and community medicine at Unidad docente Este Madrid, Spain. Graduated at the Latin American school of medicine, Havana with Honours Title (Gold Title, Titulo de Oro) and 7 Academic Awards. Working experience in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa related to global health, tropical medicine and volunteer activities. Presently undergoing a Masters programme in tropical medicine and international health at Universidad autonoma de Madrid. Active Member of the Cuban and Nigerian Medical association.

Oleg Kravtchenko

(Norway)

Born in 1963 to the family of Russian army officer. Graduated Moscow Medical Academy in 1986. Specialized in ENT-surgery at Central Postgraduate University, Moscow, and Eppendorf University, Hamburg. Practiced at the Central Clinical Hospital in Moscow until 1998 when moved to Norway. Studied at Oslo University and then practiced at the Nordland Central Hospital, ENT-dept. and later Ob.-Gyn. dept. Specialized as GP in 2002 and worked in rural practice in Meloey community, Nordland, until summer 2012 when became co-owner at the Fredensborgklinikken, Nordland. Works as a fulltime GP and is an Overseas Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, London, and Vice-President of EURIPA, WONCA. 

Joanne Lane

(UK)

Joanna Lane BA Hons (Oxon).Joanna’s son Chris committed suicide in 2008 at the age of 31. Since then she has been trying her best to raise awareness of neuroendocrine problems after brain injury, with such diverse consequences as getting the issue raised in an Early Day Motion in Parliament, and incorporated into the plot line of a Holby City episode.  She is very willing to speak on post-traumatic hypopituitarism (PTHP) to any audience, and welcomes emails from anyone who believes they may be affected by this condition. Her website is www.headinjuryhypo.org.uk. Before retirement she taught English as a Second Language. She is married with two surviving daughters and two small granddaughters, and lives in Surrey.

Frederic Llordachs i Marques

Frederic Llordachs

(Spain)

MD with MBA, specialiced in Healthcare Management and Marketing. Direct experience with healthcare insurance, and heathcare management, and interested in medical tourism, innovation in medical devices and new ICT-based healthcare services. Involved in start-ups, like Doctoralia (http://www.doctoralia.com), the global platform for healthcare search and accessibility, and other early stage projects

Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva

(Spain)

Associate Professor at School of Information and Communication Science Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) and researcher at Internet Interdisciplinary Institute. His research field is focused on Innovative Technologies and eHealth, among others.
He was a scientific Officer at Information Society Unit - European Commission to work on economic evaluation and modelling of Personal Health Systems.

Helena Legido-Quigley

(UK)

Helena Legido-Quigley, is a Lectuer in Global Health at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. She has conducted research on European health policy, quality of health care, health systems, chronic conditions, and migrant populations. Her latest research focuses on the impact of the financial crisis and austerity measures on health. Her work has been published in peer reviewed journals such as the Lancet, British Medical Journal and PLOS Medicine. It has also been widely covered in International media including the Economist, the Financial Times and Huffington Post.

Juan A Lopez-Rodriguez

(Spain)

Juan A Lopez-Rodriguez, MD, was born in Frigiliana (Malaga-SPAIN) and graduated from Malaga's University in 2009. He is currently a Primary Care Resident at the Madrid Center Multiprofesional Primary Care Teaching Unit and a member of the Working Group in Mental Health at the semFyC (main National Primary Care Society). He worked as an attending Physician in a Substance Misuse clinic and he owns a Master Degree in Psychopharmacology and Drug Abuse by the Universidad Complutense of Madrid. He is currently also a PhD fellow developing his thesis in the field of Addiction treatment tools for Primary Care with the use of social media and computer assisted programs treatments (conducted by Prof. Gabriel Rubio)

Job Metsemakers

(Netherlands)

 
Prof Job Metsemakers became in 2002 professor and chair of the Department of Family Medicine, at Maastricht University. At the international level, he has been active as consultant in health care reform in Eastern European countries, and in development of family medicine in Indonesia. He has been on the executive board of The European Academy of Teachers in General Practice and Family Medicine (EURACT), and currently is on the Advisory Board of the European General Practice Research Network (EGPRN). For the last six years (until June 2013) he was the Honorary Secretary of WONCA Europe. From 2010-2013 he served on the WONCA membership committee. He succeeded Tony Mathie (UK), in June 2013, to become President of WONCA Europe 2013-2016.
 
Frederick Miller (Spain) 

Frederick (Rick) Miller is a physician of Family and Community Medicine trained in the United States. He has spent the last 12 years working in both the US and Spain in medicine and community health. He is a founding member of the network AUPA, which comprises over 75 health centres in Catalunya that are doing community health projects, and was the Scientific Secretary for PACAP (Program for Community Health in Primary Care), of the Spanish Society of Family and Community Medicine. Currently, he works in Barcelona for Advance Medical, a company that provides expert medical opinions to patients in remote areas of the world, and at Codman Square, a community health center in Boston, as a family physician.

Sergio Minue

(Spain)

 
Sergio Minué is a specialist in Family and Community Medicine and professor of Health Policy and Ethics Department in the Andalusian School of Public Health. At this moment he is Director of Innovation and Research in this institution. He is leading some research project related to clinical decision making in primary care, about diagnostic error, and he is working in some international projects about the impact of the economic crisis in health systems. Sergio carries out functions as semFYC representative in WONCA/CIMF. Member of the semFYC group in patient safety, he publishes two blogs ( “El gerente de Mediado” and "La cara Ve”).
@sminue
 
 Ernesto Mola (Italy)

Ernesto Mola is a family doctor in Lecce (South of Italy), representative of ASSIMEFAC and President Elect of the network of Italian Associations members of WONCA. He is involved in research and in the vocational training for family doctors as coordinator. He collaborated for the Leonardo Project, designed to involve patients in the management of their chronic conditions.

Agostinho Moreira de Sousa

(Portugal)

Agostinho Sousa is a sixth year medical student at the Abel Salazar Biomedical Sciences Institute (ICBAS) of the University of Porto, Portugal. He is now in his second term as Liaison Officer for Medical Education issues. He also serves as the student representative in the World Federation for Medical Education (WFME) and in the Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE). His main responsibility is to work with all the external partners that are related to Medical Education.

Marco Noventa

(Italy)

Marco Noventa got his education at University of Padova where in 2002 he got graduated in Science and Agrarian Technologies and attended PhD courses in Michigan State University “management and improvement of animal genetic resources”.  He is responsible beef cattle nutritionist for one of the biggest Italian farmers association (AZOVE)  with more than 50000 heads. He follows all the phases of meat chain production, from selection and purchasing of animals, nutrition, formulation and production of feedstuffs and supplements, premixes and control of meat quality at slaughter houses.

 

Marie Ennis O'Connor

 

Nikos Papachristou

 

Tanja Pekez-Pavlisko

(Croatia)

Luisa Pettigrew

(UK)

Dr Luisa Pettigrew is a young family doctor in London. Whilst in VdGM (2008-2011) she coordinated the ‘Hippokrates’ international exchange programme, helping secure its first European Union funding grant. In parallel in the UK she helped establish the Royal College of General Practitioners' Junior International Committee to enable the future generation of family doctors in the UK to also further in international activities. In 2013 she was elected as a member at large to WONCA's executive board. Luisa has undertaken a Diploma in International Health (2003) and Master in Health Policy (2011). When possible Luisa has taken time to undertake voluntary work for various NGOs and health organisations in Argentina, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico and Mozambique. In addition she has undertaken work for the World Health Organization and Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. 

Alba Riesgo

(Spain)

Alba Riesgo, MD, PhD, is a family physician who works in the emergency department of the University Hospital in Oviedo, a medium city in the North of Spain. She is working in research projects in emergency medicine, specially in cardiac acute care and acute stroke. She has participated in different multicentric studies about cardiac acute care in Spain and she has also published several papers about this topic in Spanish medical journals. She also has a lot of experience learning basic/advanced live support, she makes with her ESVAP program group (Enseñanza de Soporte Vital en Atención Primaria) many courses all over Spain. She is coordinator of the semFYC Working Group in emergency medicine (Spanish Society of Family Medicine).

Marta Sastre

(Spain)

Marta Sastre Paz is a young family and community doctor. She was traineed in Vallecas, a district in the south of Madrid. For the last two years, she’s been working in a Health Promotion Centre in Villaverde, also in the south of Madrid; nowadays, her work is more community work than individual consultations, working in Health Promotion Centre, CMS Villaverde - Madrid Salud - Ayuntamiento de Madrid. She’s member of PACAP (Community Activities in Primary Care Programm of semFYC) since 2008. “I believe in the need of engaging with the community, and try to be part of it, to promote health and reduce health inequalities.”

Martin Sattler

(Luxembourg)

Martin Sattler is a family physician working since 2010 in Luxemburg. He completed the GP training in Luxemburg and started the national VdGM group in Luxemburg in 2009. The medical studies he completed in various european countries as Germany, France, Sweden and Italy where her get in contact with the different health care systems and where started his special interest for primary care in europe and worldwide. Personal interests are beside promotion of primary care, alternative medicine and health politics, travelling, languages, sports, music and nature.

Martin Seifert

(Czech Repubblic)

Martin Seifert is a young GP in training from the Czech Republic, currently working in two general practices in Prague. He studied medicine in Prague and gathered his medical experience and skills mainly in the University Hospital in Prague, in Granada (Spain), Ufa (Russia), Jeruzalem (Israel), and Regensburg (Germany), where he worked more than two years in neurological rehabilitation. He has finished a 3-year course of study of traditional Chinese medicine and shiatsu, which he practices and continues to study. Dr. Seifert has additionally been studying and practicing therapeutic yoga in the Czech Republic, Spain, and Nepal for the last 12 years. He practices manual medicine of the famous „Prague school“ and he is in psychotherapeutic training focused on psychosomatics. He has volunteered in many foreign countries, such as Ghana, giving lessons about teenage pregnancy. He teaches as an external assistant at the Department of Family Medicine of Charles University in Prague.

Jordi Serrano Pons

(Spain)

Jordi is a General Practitioner and the founder of the UniversalDoctor Project, the main objective of which is to improve multilingual communication between health professionals and patients.
He is co-founder of Zero Mothers Die, a Global partnership Project using mobile health to improve maternal health.
He recently started working as a consultant to the WHO and TicSalut Foundation and collaborates very frequently with the Geneva Health Forum as advisor on Innovation and Health cited Forum (Forum of Global Health).
     

 

 

Preconference: #DesignThinking for Primary Care Workshop

Design Thinking is about believing we can make a difference, and having an intentional process in order to get to new, relevant solutions that create positive impact.
 
  • It’s human-centred: it begins from deep empathy and understanding of needs and motivations of people
  • It’s collaborative: several great minds are always stronger when solving a challenge than just one.
  • It’s optimistic: Design Thinking is the fundamental belief that we all can create change.
  • It’s experimental: it gives you permission to fail and to learn from your mistakes, because you come up with new ideas, get feedback on them, then iterate.
 
It has five phases that help navigate the development from identifying a design challenge to finding and building a solution.
 
The Five Phases of the Design Thinking Process
 
The Vasco da Gama Movement is developing a fantastic workshop that will enable you to learn firsthand how Design Thinking can be used to innovate in health and healthcare. During this workshop, teams will work together to explore and create solutions to real healthcare challenges.
 
Design Thinking #1
 
The participants will work on problems identified and will use the Design Thinking methods to gain a deep understanding of the problem and develop innovative ‘human-centred’ solutions (ie. solutions that truly meet the needs of users). Methods will include user-interviews, observation, brainstorming and rapid prototyping, with the aim of creating solutions that combine human desirability and usability with business viability and technological feasibility.
 
The workshop will take place in Barcelona just before the 1st #VdGMForum, on 7th February from 9am to 2.30pm. There is only a limited number of places for this workshop. The participation in the workshop will be free of charge. Medical students, other healthcare professionals, people from other professional background and patients are welcome to apply for a place.
 
The deadline for applications is Tuesday 7th January.
 
Design Thinking #2
 

Preconference: Satellite Meetup with the Health 2.0 Barcelona

Are you a technology enthusiast? Do you believe in the potential of technology that will lead to the Creative Destruction of Medicine? We are delighted to invite you to the Preconference Satellite Meetup with the Health 2.0 Barcelona!

Health2.0Bcn is an interdisciplinary group where professionals of the health sector join technology lovers with the aim to improve healthcare through the use of new technologies. Health2.0 wants to encourage projects related to health, developed by startups or individuals, offering them visibility, while inspiring others

This Preconference Satellite Meetup will be held on Thursday 6th February 2014 at 7pm, just a day before the #VdGMForum. A map to the location is available here. The participation is completely free, but we kindly ask you to register here in order to manage the resources that we need for this meetup.

 

The Programme includes:

 

  1. Presentation of the VdGM
  2. Introduction and overview of the latest trends in health2.0 by health2.0Bcn team
  3. Round table of local GPs who will tell us about the use of 2.0 technologies in their day to day, what's available out there and what's missing. 
 
Primary care represents a big market segment with special needs, that are not necessarily covered yet by the new technologies. Let's try to fill that gap. 
 
The confirmed family doctor panelists are:
  • Dra Mireia Sans 
  • Dra Dolors Ruiz  
  • Dra Adriana Bataller 
  • Dr Miguel Angel Mayer 
  • Dr Monica Moro 
  • Dr Jordi Serrano
 
We hope that this session will be a good occasion for startups to size the opportunities and needs of the primary care, and for primary care doctors to share their experience and best practices in order to spread the benefits of those technologies amongst their GP colleagues.

 

We would like to thank the organizers Aline Noizet, Frederic Llordachs, Jordi Serrano Pons and Sophie Park for their enthusiastic support and for making this meeting happen.

 

 

Exchange Programme

It is our pleasure to offer to all European GP trainees/junior GP visitors the opportunity to discover how GPs in and around Barcelona practice medicine, in the Conference Exchange in Barcelona, just before the first Pan European meeting for trainees and junior Family Doctors, the Vasco da Gama Movement Forum! Between 5-6th February, during the Conference Exchange, we will try to show you our art and science to be a doctor. Therefore, we offer 30 places for European visitors in primary health care urban or rural centres.
 
You will enjoy 2 days of rotation before the Vasco da Gama Movement Forum begins, which will be held in the city of Barcelona on 7th-8th February 2014. You can join us and be part of the social program we have prepared just to show the skills, knowledge, technology, art, languages, and awesome Barcelona which is always waiting for you. 
 
We have limited places (12) for those who want to stay in the home of one of our tutors/GP trainers colaborators. Some of them live in rural areas within 2 hours of Barcelona, others in the city of Barcelona.
 
Also, if you want to stay by your own in the city, we can help you to find cheap accomodation in a nice hostel with good transport communication and location.
 
We are working with great enthusiasm so that you can enjoy an unforgettable experience that will not disappoint you ! Please take a look also at the detailed schedule of the Exchange, by clicking here.
 
If you wish to participate in the exchange, please contact your VdGM National Representative.
 
The selection has finished ! Thank you to everyone who applied !
 

You can download the final social programme for the exchange by clicking here.

 
 
 

Place and Time

The Forum venue is the Collegi Oficial de Metges de Barcelona (www.comb.cat). Here is the venue on Google Maps: Map
The Forum will take place on 7th and 8th February 2014.
 

 

Facebook

Join the Facebook Event to be up to date on news - https://www.facebook.com/events/119640248206586

 

Twitter

Join the conversation! We will be tweeting with the #vdgmForum hashtag: http://www.symplur.com/healthcare-hashtags/vdgmforum/
 

Newsletter

You can download the Forum Newsletter here: Announcement Issue

 

 

Scientific Committee

 

The EU believes in increased growth in Norway appeared first on Norway Today.


          

Now you can check the air quality on Yr

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The weather service Yr expands the offer and includes air quality in the alerts. Researchers at the Department of Meteorology have developed the warning model, which shows...

The post Now you can check the air quality on Yr appeared first on Norway Today.


          

Coffee giants join forces

 Cache   

The Norwegian coffee market may have a new giant to reckon with after coffee makers Nestlé and Starbucks joined forces. At the moment, Joh. Johannson...

The post Coffee giants join forces appeared first on Norway Today.


          

New oil and gas discovery in the North Sea

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Equinor said that it has “made one of the biggest discoveries of the year”. Together with three partners, it has found between 38 and 100...

The post New oil and gas discovery in the North Sea appeared first on Norway Today.


          

Norway’s F-35 aircraft are now operational

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As the last step in two years of testing, the F-35 aircraft were test flown on Wednesday from Ørland to the Air Defense Base at...

The post Norway’s F-35 aircraft are now operational appeared first on Norway Today.


          

Few Norwegians take an ICT doctorate

 Cache   

Almost 2 out of 3 ICT doctorates in Norway are taken by foreigners. The fact that such a large proportion are foreigners can create problems...

The post Few Norwegians take an ICT doctorate appeared first on Norway Today.


          

255 children are being held in fear of air pollution in Bergen

 Cache   

No children can play outside, and all children should sleep inside. These are some of the measures one of Bergen’s largest kindergartens is implementing after...

The post 255 children are being held in fear of air pollution in Bergen appeared first on Norway Today.


          

The crown prince met with the community of Jølster

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The inhabitants of the hamlet Slåtten in Jølster, which this summer was hit by floods and landslides was visited on Tuesday by Crown Prince Haakon....

The post The crown prince met with the community of Jølster appeared first on Norway Today.


          

Strikes at Lufthansa lead to 1,300 cancellations – departures to and from Norway are also affected

 Cache   

Cabin employees in the German airline Lufthansa go on strike, causing about 1,300 flights to be canceled the next two days. Currently, flights to and...

The post Strikes at Lufthansa lead to 1,300 cancellations – departures to and from Norway are also affected appeared first on Norway Today.


          

Lawyer believes Frode Berg’s return may soon be possible

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Spy-convicted Frode Berg’s Norwegian defender, Brynjulf Risnes, believes Berg may be on his way home in a few days. “The fact that the request for...

The post Lawyer believes Frode Berg’s return may soon be possible appeared first on Norway Today.


          

Wesley So is the first Fischer Random World Champion

 Cache   
America’s third-ranked player wins the first official world championship for this variant over classical world champion Magnus Carlsen of Norway. — Read on www.fide.com/
          

These 4 European countries still have a wealth tax. Here's how it's working out for them.

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Yachts in Spain

  • The wealth tax has become the subject of fierce debate as progressive 2020 Democratic candidates champion it as a mechanism to redistribute wealth and curb the economic power of the wealthiest Americans.
  • Though it's a relatively new proposal in the US, many European nations adopted it decades ago.
  • The wealth tax is similar to a property tax. But instead of taxing real estate, it covers wealth in all forms: stocks, cash, jewelry, yachts, a Pablo Picasso painting — really any asset that could be appraised a monetary value.
  • Today, four European countries have a wealth tax: Spain, Norway, Switzerland, and Belgium. Here's how its working out for them.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

The wealth tax has become the subject of fierce debate as progressive Democratic candidates in the 2020 election champion it as a mechanism to redistribute riches. They also see it as a way to curb the economic power of the wealthiest Americans. Sen. Elizabeth Warren first proposed it and Sen. Bernie Sanders later followed.

Warren is pushing for a 2% tax on households with net worths above $50 million, and tripled to 6% on fortunes over $1 billion. Sanders went farther with a more aggressive plan: He wants to levy a 2% wealth tax on households with net worths over $32 million and gradually increase it to 8% on those over $1 billion.

Though it's a relatively new proposal in the US, many European nations had already adopted it decades before. 

The wealth tax is similar to a property tax. But instead of taxing real estate, it covers wealth in all forms: stocks, cash, jewelry, yachts, a Pablo Picasso painting — really any asset that could be appraised a monetary value.

Back in 1990, around a dozen European countries had a wealth tax, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Today, only four European countries have it: Spain, Norway, Switzerland, and Belgium. 

Most European governments eliminated the tax because it was problematic in design and enforcement, and France was the latest to scrap it in 2017. They often hit people with plenty of assets but little cash on hand to pay the taxman.

"They can be really difficult to administer and ensure even a moderate compliance rate," Daniel Bunn, the director of Global Projects at the nonpartisan Tax Foundation, told Business Insider of the European wealth tax experience.

He added that it became difficult for governments to justify the high administrative cost of enforcement as the rich were able to move assets and capital out of the country into lower-taxed jurisdictions, often within Europe.

Instead, Bunn said, European countries did away with it and doubled down on enforcing income taxes among others.

All together, European wealth taxes generally brought in around 0.2% of GDP in revenues, a study from the Cato Institute noted.

Still, four European governments are relying on wealth taxes to generate revenue. Here's how its working out for them.

SEE ALSO: Wealth tax explainer: Why Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and billionaires like George Soros alike are calling for a specialized tax on the ultra-wealthy

Spain has a wealth tax levied on fortunes above €700,000, or just over $774,000, starting at a 0.2% rate.

Spain first introduced a wealth tax (otherwise known as Patrimonio) in 1977, two years after the death of its authoritarian leader Francisco Franco. 

It kept the tax until 2008 when the global financial crisis threw the Spanish economy into a tailspin. The tax was temporarily reinstated three years later in 2011 to boost public finances, but the national government later decided to make it permanent again. 

Spain now taxes fortunes above €700,000 at 0.2%, which gradually increases to 2.5% on net worth above €10.7 million depending on the region. People living in the Spanish capital of Madrid are exempt from the tax.

Its never been a substantial generator of tax money for the Spanish government. Data from the OECD shows that a net wealth tax on individuals made up 0.55 percent of all tax revenues in 2017.



Norway collects a wealth tax both at the municipal and the national level, starting at 1.48 million krone, or $174,000.

Norway's wealth tax was first introduced in 1892. The central government levies a tax rate of 0.15% while municipalities impose a 0.7% rate, bringing the maximum to 0.85%.

Only wealth above 1.48 million krona, or roughly $174,000, is taxed. That figure is doubled for married couples.

A 2012 study from Norwegian researchers reported that average wealth per household totaled 1.6 million krona, or just over $166,000, indicating that most of the population paid some form of the tax.

The amount of revenue generated has largely been the same over the last two decades. The OECD reported the wealth tax constituted 1.1% of all Norwegian tax revenue in 2017.



Switzerland first implemented its wealth tax in 1840. The rate varies by canton, or state, as the central government does not collect the tax.

Switzerland first levied a wealth tax in 1840 and its been a pillar of their tax structure since. They're self-reported and paid annually, with no institutional tracking of wealth. Tax authorities can only access personal bank information if a person is suspected of a crime.

The country has a decentralized tax system, and the rate varies around its 26 cantons. But it ranges between 0.3% and 1% of taxpayers' net worth. They tend to be highest in the French-speaking regions of the west and lower in the German-speaking cantons of central Switzerland.

The tax-free threshold for a married couple without children is between 50,000 Swiss francs ($50,370) to 250,000 Swiss francs ($251,856). "The wealth tax thus affects much of the middle class in addition to the wealthiest families," one study on the Swiss wealth tax found.

Compared to the other three European countries, the Swiss wealth tax has generated consistent revenue so far in the 21st century and it brought the largest share. OECD data shows that wealth taxes made up 3.6% of all Swiss tax revenue in 2017, and it's been above 3% since 2000.



Belgium enacted a limited wealth tax last year on securities accounts containing over €500,000.

Belgium introduced a limited wealth tax on security holdings last year, the Financial Times reported.

The Belgian government enacted a 0.15% tax on the securities accounts of individuals with holdings over €500,000, or $553,000.

The country already had some of the highest tax rates in Europe, though it proved hospitable for French entrepreneurs and businesspeople seeking to park their assets in a neighboring country before Paris eliminated the wealth tax.




          

Hitler’s Secret Antarctic Expedition for Whales

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When authoritarian leaders obsess over a particular food, it can change how a country eats and drinks for generations. This week, we’re looking at five cases of dictator food projects and what they reveal about the power of food. Previously: how Mao made China mad for mangoes and how Stalin created a champagne for the working class.

As a corporal in World War I, Adolf Hitler watched a British naval blockade strangle German supply lines, forcing his country into submission, defeat, and shame. As Führer in the years leading up to World War II, he planned to sidestep the mistakes of his predecessors. This time, Germany would have whales.

Hitler’s “Four Year Plan” in 1936 aimed to circumvent Nazi dependence on foreign supply lines altogether. He handed the tall order to Herman Göring, a high-ranking, flamboyant Nazi official with a reputation for partying. The goal was autarky, or complete military and economic self-sufficiency, by 1940. A sort of “hunkering down” for protracted, all-out war, the plan set specific targets for amassing stores of weapons, commodities, and, of course, food. “The final solution lies in extending … the sources of raw materials and foodstuffs,” Hitler wrote in a confidential memo, in which he also banned the distillation of potatoes into alcohol.

article-image

At the time, margarine was central to German kitchens. Replacing cow’s milk with leftover animal fat made the still-spreadable answer to butter a favorite among working-class families. The French invention never caught on in France, but Northern Europeans took a liking to it, and Germans in particular. By 1930, they consumed 17.5 pounds per person annually.

It was also around this time that manufacturers discovered an even cheaper way to produce margarine: with whale fat. The advent of kerosene created a surplus of whale oil, which was previously used as lighting fuel, leading to a massive buy up at low-cost. In 1929, the two companies that would later merge to form Unilever—Margarine Unie, a Dutch company, and Lever Brothers, a British firm—successfully incorporated their vast stores of whale oil into widely popularized margarine products.

article-image

Whale fat was also widely used to wage war. Liquified blubber served as a handy machine lubricant and proved useful in manufacturing the nitroglycerine needed for explosives. In fact, Britain declared it a “national defense” commodity in 1938. Crucial to kitchens and battlefields alike, Germany and Britain that year purchased 83% of the world’s whale harvest between them. Many of those whales came from Norwegian whaling, which led the world in whale harvests by hunting along an unclaimed Antarctic coastline, today called Queen Maud Land.

German Councillor of State Helmut Wohlthat saw two birds and one stone. He pitched Göring on an ambitious expedition: If they could spoil Norway’s claim to Queen Maud Land, they’d win access to resource-rich waters that spelled margarine and explosives. Without much to show two years into the Four Year Plan, Göring approved. In May of 1938, planning began for the German Antarctic Expedition.

article-image

With alliances signed between Italy, Japan, and Germany against the Soviet Union, the covert Nazi mission to secure Antarctic territory and whales embarked on the eve of war in December, 1938. The hodgepodge crew of soldiers, scientists, and whalers led by Captain Alfred Ritscher sailed on a retrofitted freighter made to catapult two 10-ton seaplanes borrowed from Lufthansa airlines. The men were selected based on polar experience rather than military standing, as the mission was largely surveillance-based. One Nazi official was on board to oversee an adherence to party standards, notably mandating a listening party during Hitler’s Christmas speech. The ship was named Schwabenland, named after the Swabia region of Bavaria, and the land they set out to claim would be called Neu-Schwabenland, or “New Swabia.”

article-image

In some respects, the mission was over before it began. On January 14, 1939, Norway made their claim over Queen Maud Land official by royal proclamation, just as the covert German fleet was reaching the Antarctic circle. Nevertheless, Nazi seaplanes covered 10,000 miles of previously unexplored Antarctic land, dropping four-and-a-half foot darts inscribed with swastikas along their path that plunged deep into the Antarctic ice. These were meant to claim “New Swabia” for Germany.

While they increased the known size of Antarctica by 16 percent and discovered new mountain ranges, a lack of proper ground control made accurate mapping all but impossible. While some old German maps refer to the land around Queen Maud Land as New Swabia, no other country ever recognized the claim.

The sole benefit of the expedition for Nazi Germany may have been the knowledge Göring requested about the functioning of airplanes at low temperatures. The information proved useful during the subsequent invasion of the Soviet Union. Just not useful enough.

You can join the conversation about this and other stories in the Atlas Obscura Community Forums.


          

An Urban Whale – North Atlantic Right Whale at the Crossroads

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Deck: 
November 10th in Chatham
Towns: 
Hub Category: 
Main Image: 
Main Image Credit: 
Marilyn Marx (Courtesy photo)
Thumbnail Image: 
Body: 

On: November 10, 2019 at 2 pm

At: Atwood Museum 

347 Stage Harbor Road; Chatham, MA  02633

Marilyn Marx will be offering a lecture at the Atwood Museum on Right Whales and her experience as a Right Whale specialist. Marx began her career in Right Whale research at the Center for Coastal Studies in Provincetown in 1985 where she analyzed habitat use in Cape Cod Bay, and later became the photo ID coordinator. In 1994, she joined the New England Aquarium’s Right Whale Research Program. She is involved with the curation and maintenance of the Right Whale Catalog and is responsible for reviewing all images of catalogued whales for anthropogenic scarring. Marilyn also manages the Right Whale Sponsorship Program and is editor of its newsletter, Right Whale Research News. She has been an observer aboard hundreds of vessel and aerial surveys and has participated in large whale research projects in Canada, Iceland, New Zealand, Norway, and the Dominican Republic.

Join the Atwood Museum as we learn about the Right Whale from a true expert.

Tickets are available at the door.  Doors open at 1:15 pm and seating is limited.

Admission: $10, Members are Free

Additional information about the Sunday Monthly Lecture Series is available at www.chathamhistoricalsociety.org


          

World’s Story Volume VIII: Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Greenland and the Search for the Poles, The by TAPPAN, Eva March

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This is the eighth volume of the 15-volume series of The World’s Story: a history of the World in story, song and art, edited by Eva March Tappan. Each book is a compilation of selections from prose literature, poetry and pictures and offers a comprehensive presentation of the world's history, art and culture, from the early times till the beginning of the 20th century. Topics in Part VIII include excerpts from the Eddas, the life of the Vikings, the Scandinavian kings' fight for supremacy and the race towards the North and South Pole. - Summary by Sonia
Cast list for The ghost of Hamlet's father:
Bernardo: alanmapstone / Francisco: Jim Locke / Horatio: Eva Davis / Marcellus: Tomas Peter / Hamlet: Nemo / Narrator: Sonia

          

Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree Has Been Harvested

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A 14-ton Norway spruce that was once small enough to be displayed on a coffee table has been harvested in Florida, New York, as it's prepared for its role as the famous Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree
          

NY's Norway spruce 'excellent choice' for Rockefeller Christmas Tree

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Scandinavian Leicester City fans gets even better, new website launched and positive vibes all around

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Leicester City have a grand colony of followers all over the globe, as we have seen on the official site, you will find them at places you would seldom believe fans of such a club would be. The Scandinavian Branch of the Supporters Club is a union of people living in Norway, Denmark and Sweden,...
          

Hillary Clinton slams Bernie Sanders' and Elizabeth Warren's wealth-tax plans as 'incredibly disruptive' and 'unworkable'

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Hillary ClintonMichael Cohen/Getty Images

  • Hillary Clinton called the wealth taxes proposed by Sens. Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren "unworkable" and said they would be "incredibly disruptive" if enforced.
  • "I don't see other examples anywhere else in the world where it has actually worked over a long period of time," Clinton said.
  • Clinton did say she's "all in favor" of reinstating the estate tax, which Republican lawmakers all but eliminated in their 2017 tax law.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

Hillary Clinton called the wealth taxes proposed by Sens. Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren "unworkable" and said they would be "incredibly disruptive" if enforced.

Warren has proposed an "ultra-millionaire tax" of 2% on American households' net worth between $50 million and $1 billion and of 3% on households' net worth above $1 billion. Sanders supports a similar version that begins with a 1% tax on wealth over $32 million.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

NOW WATCH: Extremists turned a frog meme into a hate symbol, but Hong Kong protesters revived it as an emblem of hope

See Also:

SEE ALSO: The 25 women who have accused Trump of sexual misconduct


          

These 4 European countries still have a wealth tax. Here's how it's working out for them.

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Yachts in Spain

  • The wealth tax has become the subject of fierce debate as progressive 2020 Democratic candidates champion it as a mechanism to redistribute wealth and curb the economic power of the wealthiest Americans.
  • Though it's a relatively new proposal in the US, many European nations adopted it decades ago.
  • The wealth tax is similar to a property tax. But instead of taxing real estate, it covers wealth in all forms: stocks, cash, jewelry, yachts, a Pablo Picasso painting — really any asset that could be appraised a monetary value.
  • Today, four European countries have a wealth tax: Spain, Norway, Switzerland, and Belgium. Here's how its working out for them.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

The wealth tax has become the subject of fierce debate as progressive Democratic candidates in the 2020 election champion it as a mechanism to redistribute riches. They also see it as a way to curb the economic power of the wealthiest Americans. Sen. Elizabeth Warren first proposed it and Sen. Bernie Sanders later followed.

Warren is pushing for a 2% tax on households with net worths above $50 million, and tripled to 6% on fortunes over $1 billion. Sanders went farther with a more aggressive plan: He wants to levy a 2% wealth tax on households with net worths over $32 million and gradually increase it to 8% on those over $1 billion.

Though it's a relatively new proposal in the US, many European nations had already adopted it decades before. 

The wealth tax is similar to a property tax. But instead of taxing real estate, it covers wealth in all forms: stocks, cash, jewelry, yachts, a Pablo Picasso painting — really any asset that could be appraised a monetary value.

Back in 1990, around a dozen European countries had a wealth tax, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Today, only four European countries have it: Spain, Norway, Switzerland, and Belgium. 

Most European governments eliminated the tax because it was problematic in design and enforcement, and France was the latest to scrap it in 2017. They often hit people with plenty of assets but little cash on hand to pay the taxman.

"They can be really difficult to administer and ensure even a moderate compliance rate," Daniel Bunn, the director of Global Projects at the nonpartisan Tax Foundation, told Business Insider of the European wealth tax experience.

He added that it became difficult for governments to justify the high administrative cost of enforcement as the rich were able to move assets and capital out of the country into lower-taxed jurisdictions, often within Europe.

Instead, Bunn said, European countries did away with it and doubled down on enforcing income taxes among others.

All together, European wealth taxes generally brought in around 0.2% of GDP in revenues, a study from the Cato Institute noted.

Still, four European governments are relying on wealth taxes to generate revenue. Here's how its working out for them.

Spain has a wealth tax levied on fortunes above €700,000, or just over $774,000, starting at a 0.2% rate.

Spain first introduced a wealth tax (otherwise known as Patrimonio) in 1977, two years after the death of its authoritarian leader Francisco Franco. 

It kept the tax until 2008 when the global financial crisis threw the Spanish economy into a tailspin. The tax was temporarily reinstated three years later in 2011 to boost public finances, but the national government later decided to make it permanent again. 

Spain now taxes fortunes above €700,000 at 0.2%, which gradually increases to 2.5% on net worth above €10.7 million depending on the region. People living in the Spanish capital of Madrid are exempt from the tax.

Its never been a substantial generator of tax money for the Spanish government. Data from the OECD shows that a net wealth tax on individuals made up 0.55 percent of all tax revenues in 2017.



Norway collects a wealth tax both at the municipal and the national level, starting at 1.48 million krone, or $174,000.

Norway's wealth tax was first introduced in 1892. The central government levies a tax rate of 0.15% while municipalities impose a 0.7% rate, bringing the maximum to 0.85%.

Only wealth above 1.48 million krona, or roughly $174,000, is taxed. That figure is doubled for married couples.

A 2012 study from Norwegian researchers reported that average wealth per household totaled 1.6 million krona, or just over $166,000, indicating that most of the population paid some form of the tax.

The amount of revenue generated has largely been the same over the last two decades. The OECD reported the wealth tax constituted 1.1% of all Norwegian tax revenue in 2017.



Switzerland first implemented its wealth tax in 1840. The rate varies by canton, or state, as the central government does not collect the tax.

Switzerland first levied a wealth tax in 1840 and its been a pillar of their tax structure since. They're self-reported and paid annually, with no institutional tracking of wealth. Tax authorities can only access personal bank information if a person is suspected of a crime.

The country has a decentralized tax system, and the rate varies around its 26 cantons. But it ranges between 0.3% and 1% of taxpayers' net worth. They tend to be highest in the French-speaking regions of the west and lower in the German-speaking cantons of central Switzerland.

The tax-free threshold for a married couple without children is between 50,000 Swiss francs ($50,370) to 250,000 Swiss francs ($251,856). "The wealth tax thus affects much of the middle class in addition to the wealthiest families," one study on the Swiss wealth tax found.

Compared to the other three European countries, the Swiss wealth tax has generated consistent revenue so far in the 21st century and it brought the largest share. OECD data shows that wealth taxes made up 3.6% of all Swiss tax revenue in 2017, and it's been above 3% since 2000.



Den Rest der Story gibt es auf Business Insider Deutschland
          

2019 Show Trees

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The Detail shots from the 2019 show Display trees.
A slideshow version is also available on youtube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZabMNnHdZKw althouth there is no decriptions for the trees on that.



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Ficus nerifolia
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Juniperus x Media laauw
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Ficus microcarpa 'Tigerbark'
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Ficus microcarpa 'Green Island'
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Ficus microcarpa 'Tigerbark'
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Heath Myrtle
Sannatha similis
Artist Geoff Sm
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Ginkgo biloba
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Tree of a Thousand Stars
Serissa foetida
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Corky Bark Chinese Elm
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Okinawa Holly
Ilex dimorphophylla
Artist Rhett
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Juniper
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Chinese Elm
Ulmus parvifolia
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Claret Top
Melaleuca linarifolia
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Jade
Crassula ovata
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Tig
          

Europe forecast: Unsettled & cold - Milder east, Nov 07 - 17:43

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Staying unsettled and cold for much of central and western Europe, milder in the east Thursday Rain affecting northern Spain on Thursday, some of it heavy. Central and southern Spain should be dry with sunny spells, although sopme showers may affect far southern coasts and hills. Showers in the Balearics with further showers in Corsica and Sardinia. Heavy showers, some thundery for southern Italy and Sicily. Showers too for western Greece but dry for most. Turkey shoud be dry with good spells of sunshine. Rain and wind for the west of France, few showers in the east. Some heavy periods of rain in the Low Countries, these also affecting the far west of Germany. eastern Germany should be dry with sunny spells although Poland will too be dry. Some showers for Jungary but dry in Austria. Rain in western Switzerland. Denmark will have sunny spells and scatered showers. These scattered showers affecting the Baltic States too. Finland will be chilly and dry. A few showers in eastern Sweden but dry elsewhere. Mostly dry and chilly in Norway.

Friday Wet in northern a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Spain.htm" TARGET="_top">Spain through Friday. The south will be dry and sunny but cold. Showers and rain in the Balearics and this rain will be affecting Corsica and Sardinia too. More rain in central and northern parts of Spain. a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Greece.htm" TARGET="_top">Greece will have a few showers in the west. Much of Turkey should be dry and sunny. Rain affects western a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/France.htm" TARGET="_top">France. Brighter and drier to the north and east. More showers to come in the Low Countries with rain for southern Germany. Northern Germany should be dry. Poland will be dry and mild with sunny spells, wilst it also stays dry in Hungary. Austria and Switzerland will hacve periods of rain. Denmark will have a mix of sunshine and showers. More rain in southern a href="http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/Sweden.htm" TARGET="_top">Sweden. The Baltic States will be mild with broken cloud with mild weather too in Finland. Norway will be chilly ad dry with sunshine.


          

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