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UK Government statement on Chagos Islands

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On the final day before Parliament was dissolved, the UK government has released a new statement on the future of the Chagos Islands. The full statement can be read here.In May, the UN General Assembly voted overwhelmingly that the UK should cede control of the Chagos Islands to Mauritius within six months. This came after an International Court of Justice (ICJ) verdict which judged UK sovereignty of the islands was not legally established by international law, due to the manner the islands were
          

Indus Software Solutions

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Indus Software Solutions

Indus Software Solutions offers enterprise resource planning (ERP) solutions software such as Microsoft Dynamics Navision for your small and medium sizes organizations. 


Category: Enterprise Resource Planning Solutions
: Old Moka Road
: Bella Village
: EU
: Mauritius
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Stadtkirche St. Mauritius, Walterstr. 11, Feuerbach

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Nächster Termin am 20.11.2019. Alle Termine finden Sie direkt bei https://www.stuttgart.de/event/show/364076.

Ökumenischer Gottesdienst (Pfarrer Hartmut Zweigle)
          

Stadtkirche St. Mauritius, Walterstr. 11, Feuerbach

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Nächster Termin am 17.11.2019. Alle Termine finden Sie direkt bei https://www.stuttgart.de/event/show/364061.

Gottesdienst (Pfarrer Hartmut Zweigle/Daniela Schön)
          

Gustav-Werner-Kirche, Wildeckstr. 33, Feuerbach

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Nächster Termin am 17.11.2019. Alle Termine finden Sie direkt bei https://www.stuttgart.de/event/show/364063.

Einladung zum Gottesdienst in die Stadtkirche St. Mauritius, Walterstr. 11
          

Leimener Weinkerwe am Wochenende: Fody’s Almhütte gegenüber Rathaus steht

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Am kommenden Wochenende findet in Leimen die weit über die Grenzen der Stadt bekannte Weinkerwe statt, bei der Fody’s an prominenter Stelle direkt zwischen Rathaus und ev. Mauritiuskirche mit einer großen original Holz-Almhütte vertreten sein wird. Mementan geht der Aufbau in die finale Phase, damit ab Samstag ordentlich gefeiert, gegessen und getrunken werden kann. Das […]
          

Adani Group Battles for Stake in Mumbai Airport, Bombay HC Refuses Interim Relief

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Adani Group had approached the high court in September seeking execution of its agreement with Bid Services Division Mauritius ('Bidvest'), for sale of Bidvest's 13.5 per cent stake in the airport to Adani.
          

A policy landscape of sexual orientation, gender identity and the internet

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A policy landscape of sexual orientation, gender identity and the internet

Introduction

Two groundbreaking advances in international human rights have been made in the last half decade, with recognition by intergovernmental bodies that human rights law applies equally to all persons regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity (SOGI), and that human rights law is equally applicable online as offline. However, these achievements have not been without significant advocacy efforts by civil society. While internet rights are being increasingly integrated and addressed across the international human rights system, developments on SOGI have been laboured, politicised and isolated, with no state consensus. This report considers the trends, shifts and convergences in international policy making, using a geopolitical analysis.

A brief history

Sexual orientation and gender identity

Activists have been advocating for international recognition of SOGI-related rights as far back as the Beijing World Conference on Women in 1995,1 with concerted efforts to develop state awareness and recognition of the issues since a failed resolution on human rights and sexual orientation in 2003. 2 Brazil’s introduction, and later withdrawal, of a draft text was a catalyst for a number of civil society groups and activists working on sexuality and gender issues to communicate and coordinate more consistently to develop strategies to engage the UN human rights system on these issues. 3 This collective organising led to states delivering a series of joint statements at the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council (HRC) between 2005 and 2011; 4 increasing support for SOGI rights from a handful of countries to nearly half of the UN member states; and finally the adoption by the HRC of the first ever UN resolution on “human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity” in June 2011, 5 and the second in September 2014. 6

Internet rights

Although civil society has been involved in internet policy and governance spaces since the internet was created, the internet has only recently featured in international human rights policy development arenas. The impact of the internet on human rights was first recognised at the international level by an HRC resolution on freedom of expression in 2009. 7 Since then, the UN has adopted a number of resolutions developing international policy on this theme. In particular, the HRC adopted a resolution on “The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet” 8 in June 2012 with 85 state co-sponsors, which affirmed that the same human rights apply online as offline. The following year in November 2013, the General Assembly adopted a resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age, 9 which was followed up by the HRC in March 2015 with a procedural resolution of the same title, creating a UN expert mechanism on the right to privacy. 10 Since the 2009 resolution on freedom of expression, a number of thematic UN resolutions have addressed internet rights. 11

Comparing intersectional recognition

While internet rights concerns have effectively been mainstreamed into initiatives dealing with other human rights issues, sexual orientation and gender identity remain isolated from relevant state-negotiated human rights documents. 12

Internet rights have been recognised by consensus in a number of intergovernmental policy documents, such as resolutions on freedom of opinion and expression, freedom of association and assembly, and the safety of journalists. 13 The use of the internet and other forms of technology in propagating harassment and violence against women has been acknowledged by the Commission on the Status of Women 14 – the primary UN political body tasked with women’s rights issues – and by the General Assembly in a resolution on protecting women human rights defenders. 15

Conversely, there is a huge struggle to include any language that might be associated with SOGI in any government-negotiated documents at the international level, with such language overwhelmingly negotiated out of draft texts or put to a vote. For example, even the word “gender” has become controversial because some governments insist that gender can only denote biological sex, refusing to accept the concept of gender as a social construct or to recognise identities beyond the male-female binary. 16

As a result, where SOGI language has been included in negotiated documents, it has been so virtually in isolation from intersecting fields, such as violence or discrimination against women or the protection of human rights defenders. The only UN human rights resolution to date referencing SOGI, apart from the HRC SOGI resolution itself, is the biennial General Assembly resolution on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. While the strong opposition to recognising SOGI-related rights means the discussion is reduced to violence and discrimination (the areas that have a possibility of gaining consensus), the reference in the “killings” resolution is nonetheless hotly contested each time, with attempts to vote the language out of the resolution during the final adoption process.17

Despite the fact that a broad number of thematic and country-specific UN human rights experts regularly report a vast array of infringements of the rights of LGBTI persons,18 in social and economic rights as well as civil and political rights, the political bodies have so far failed to take the intersectional approach that has been an attribute of developments on internet rights.

Politics of sexual orientation and gender identity rights

International intergovernmental debate on SOGI is a delicate matter, and unfortunately plays out in ways that are politically divisive and strategically counterproductive. Although there is a slow but steady increase in support for these issues from states from all regions, they are still perceived as primarily Western priorities despite the fact that the first UN SOGI resolution was tabled by South Africa and Brazil, and the second by Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Uruguay.

This is partly because Western states have styled themselves as international leaders on SOGI, critiquing discriminatory laws and practices outside of their regional group, and is compounded by certain Western states using aid conditionality to apply pressure on ex-colonies to repeal colonial-era criminal provisions on same-sex relations. 19

These practices have created a “West versus the rest” dynamic which contributes to the geopolitical polarisation on gender and sexuality-related rights that is reflected at the international level, and alienates potential support from those states that are open to discussing SOGI-related rights, but are opposed to Western hegemony on the international stage.

The politicisation of SOGI plays out in intergovernmental human rights policy development spaces such as the HRC in divisive and regressive ways. Firstly we have seen a division of state positions, generally along lines of regional and political blocs. 20 Traditionally this has been Western and most Latin American states supporting SOGI issues, opposed by Russia, the Vatican, most of the African Group and members of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). States within these groups that have dared to support SOGI issues have faced harsh censure from their peers. 21

Secondly, concepts such as cultural relativity, traditional values and protection of the family have been introduced and manipulated in these spaces, primarily by the religious right wing – the OIC, the Vatican, Russia, and conservative groups such as the UN Family Rights Caucus.22 Since 2009 the HRC has adopted various documents undermining the universality of rights, including three resolutions on “traditional values” and two on “protection of the family”. 23 In general, the support and opposition for these initiatives has been in line with positions against and for SOGI-related language respectively.

The politicisation of sexuality rights in international forums means that foreign policy is often at odds with national-level standards and developments, particularly on rights relating to gender identity. For example, some Western states, such as Belgium, France, Norway and Switzerland, present themselves as champions of LGBT rights in international debates while requiring transgender people to undergo sterilisation in order to legally change their gender, 24 a policy that the European Court of Human Rights has ruled to be a violation of the rights to privacy and family life. 25 Conversely, some states that have culturally established and documented forms of gender diversity 26 – and in the case of Pakistan leading case law recognising the rights of hijras27 – claim that such diversity is contrary to their cultural, moral or religious values when it comes to international debate. 28 This is a terrible contradiction of domestic reality and foreign policy.

State positions on SOGI in the international bodies have almost become a symbolic representation of one side versus another in the greater struggle for a new world order that replaces Western hegemony. Sadly, this positioning is to the detriment of human rights, including through the development of international legal norms and standards that exclude LGBTIQ persons.

Politics of internet rights

In comparison to the tumultuous international debates on SOGI, internet rights policy has been developing relatively smoothly, with consensus resolutions and references in the UN General Assembly, the HRC and the Commission on the Status of Women. This is not to suggest that states unanimously respect or support internet-related rights, but that opposition is more nuanced and complex than the open hostility that some governments express on SOGI.

While there does indeed appear to be international consensus on the issue of access to technology, a customary division of state positions on other issues such as freedom of expression remains unchanged in how states see their validity online or offline. During the HRC plenary panel on freedom of expression on the internet in 2012, China called on the international community to promote internet access in developing countries while also stating that freedom of expression could undermine social stability and national security.29 Cuba has both expressed concern about issues of access to information and communications technology (ICT) and lamented the United States (US) monopoly of the internet. 30

Furthermore, the geopolitical divide over internet rights is not as clear-cut as it is on SOGI issues. When Edward Snowden leaked classified information from the US National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013, the US was in the unusual position of being criticised by many of its peers in the West.31

Indeed, states from all regions have relished the opportunity to criticise the US in the wake of the Snowden revelations. Although not explicitly critical of US policy, pre-existing anti-US sentiment meant that the resolutions on the right to privacy in the digital age quickly garnered support amongst states such as North Korea, 32 Russia, Cuba and China. 33 Consequently, it could be argued that a politicisation of internet rights issues has been to the benefit of consensus-building on international human rights policy development on these issues.

SOGI versus internet rights policy

As SOGI language is a notorious key to destroying consensus in government negotiations, states have used sexual orientation references as a bargaining chip to block or undermine developments that they oppose.

For example, sexual orientation language was used by Western states to bargain against references to the “defamation of religions” in international discussions on racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, both during the Durban Review Conference in 2009 and in follow-up meetings and negotiations. 34

This highly questionable tactic arose in discussions on internet rights in negotiations on a resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age at the UN General Assembly in 2013, when a key ally of the US proposed including a reference to sexual orientation. Some of the Five Eyes 35 countries readily supported the proposed language, while other states that were supportive of the resolution theme objected, knowing they would not be able to join consensus on a text that contained sexual orientation language. This was understood to be a strategy to break consensus on an issue that those states implicated in the revelations of deep breaches of privacy rights could not otherwise break without admitting that they did not support the key message of the resolution.

As the Five Eyes countries were openly attempting to water down the text of the privacy resolution, 36 it seemed likely that sexual orientation language was actually being introduced in order to polarise state positions on the text as a whole, and potentially lead to a vote. In effect, the US and its allies pitted sexual orientation against the right to privacy in a failed attempt to undermine international condemnation of and action on the infringement of rights that is mass surveillance.

Moving towards an intersectional approach

Although SOGI and internet rights have developed independently from one another at the international level, the slow increase in state support for SOGI-related rights in international human rights bodies, and the increasing attention being given to internet rights in a number of different thematic resolutions, means that the UN could constructively address their intersection in the near future.

The prevailing geopolitical divide is likely to continue to obstruct the inclusion of SOGI in UN resolutions. However, with internet rights being addressed in a number of negotiated thematic texts, it is not unreasonable to suggest that relevant issues could be included in a future substantive resolution on SOGI.

Furthermore, the HRC resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age mandated the appointment of a UN Special Rapporteur on the right to privacy. The Special Procedures mechanisms 37 have been key allies in raising violations of the rights of LGBTIQ persons across a broad section of thematic and country-specific mandates. A recent report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of opinion and expression to the HRC highlighted how encryption and anonymity in digital communications enable persons persecuted because of sexual orientation or gender identity to exercise the right to freedom of opinion and expression, as well as providing, for some, the only way to securely explore basic aspects of identity such as one’s gender or sexuality. 38

The new Special Procedures mandate has been tasked to look at the right to privacy, “including in connection with” (i.e. but not limited to) the challenges arising from new technologies. Many SOGI rights issues clearly fall under the mandate focus on privacy. It will remain to be seen whether the Rapporteur chooses to address human rights concerns relating to LGBTIQ persons in the execution of the mandate.

Conclusion

With a number of consensus resolutions and documents addressing internet rights, and the creation of an expert mandate on the right to privacy, it is safe to conclude that these issues are now firmly on the UN agenda, and will continue to be mainstreamed into the work of the HRC. Meanwhile, SOGI rights remain segregated with no regular or institutionalised attention to ongoing violations. It will likely remain extremely difficult to get states to consider the human rights of LGBTIQ persons on their substantial merit as long as SOGI continues to be politicised and manipulated by both supportive states and the opposition. The new expert mechanism on the right to privacy could see these two issues being addressed concurrently and with an intersectional analysis for the first time. It remains to be seen whether intergovernmental debate will mature beyond political strife to welcome such an analysis.

References

1 See, for example, Ditsie, P. B. (1995). Statement delivered by Palesa Beverley Ditsie of South Africa, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing, China, 13 September. www.un.org/esa/gopher-data/conf/fwcw/conf/ngo/13123944.txt and Wilson, A. (1996). Lesbian Visibility and Sexual Rights at Beijing. Signs, 22(1). fds.duke.edu/db/attachment/409

2 In 2003 Brazil unexpectedly introduced a draft text on sexual orientation to the former UN Commission on Human Rights. The resolution faced strong opposition, which led to it being deferred by a year and later withdrawn from consideration.

3 ARC International. (2004). International Dialogue on Gender, Sexuality & Human Rights: Final report. Geneva: ARC International. arc-international.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/International-Dialogue-Report-Geneva-2004.doc

4 ARC International. (2011). LGBT Rights at the UN: A brief overview. Geneva: ARC International. arc-international.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/LGBT-Rights-at-the-UN.pdf

5 A/HRC/RES/17/19. (2011). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/17/19

6 A/HRC/RES/27/32. (2014). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/27/32

7 A/HRC/RES/12/16. (2009). ap.ohchr.org/documents/sdpage_e.aspx?b=10&se=100&t=11

8 A/HRC/RES/20/8. (2012). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/20/8

9 A/RES/68/167. (2013). www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/167

10 A/HRC/RES/28/16. (2015). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/28/16

11 See, for example, A/HRC/RES/21/16, The rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association (2012). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/21/16; A/HRC/RES/23/2, The role of freedom of opinion and expression in women’s empowerment. (2013). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/23/2; A/HRC/RES/24/5, The rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association. (2013). ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/24/5; A/RES/68/163, The safety of journalists and the issue of impunity. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/163; A/RES/68/181, Promotion of the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: protecting women human rights defenders. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/181; and A/RES/69/166, The right to privacy in the digital age. (2014). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/69/166

12 While this paper examines how these issues have progressed in intergovernmental spaces, it is important to note that infringements on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons are consistently raised by UN human rights expert mechanisms, such as the Special Procedures, treaty monitoring bodies, and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, across a broad number of thematic and country specific reports. See for example: www.icj.org/sogi-un-database

13 See footnote 10.

14 CSW agreed conclusions on the elimination and prevention of all forms of violence against women and girls. (2013). Para. 34(ww). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/csw57/CSW57_Agreed_Conclusions_%28CSW_report_excerpt%29.pdf

15

A/RES/68/181. (2013). www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/181

16 See, for example, Adolphe, J. (2012). 'Gender' Wars at the United Nations. Ave Maria Law Review, 11(1). papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2232495

17 ISHR et al. (2012, 22 November). Governments Condemn Extrajudicial Executions in Seminal UN Vote. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/governments-condemn-extrajudicial-executions-seminal-un-vote; ISHR. (2012, 20 November). UN General Assembly: Rights groups welcome condemnation of killing of LGBT persons. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/un-general-assembly-rights-groups-welcome-condemnation-killing-lgbt-persons

18 This report primarily uses the language of “sexual orientation” and “gender identity”, which have been acknowledged by the intergovernmental bodies, but also refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer persons using the relevant acronyms LGBT, LGBTI or LGBTIQ, depending on the particular context. For example, while activists and human rights defenders might use the language of Queer rights, this term has not been taken up by the UN, but the UN does recognise and use L,G,B,T and I. Other language yet to be referenced in UN negotiated documents includes “gender expression” and “bodily integrity”.

19 Abolafia Anguita, L. (2012, 9 March). Aid conditionality and respect for LGBT people rights. Sexuality Policy Watch. sxpolitics.org/we-recommend-134/7369

20 UN member states are divided into five regional groups: the African Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eastern European Group, Latin America and the Caribbean Group, and Western European and Others Group. There are also a number of additional political blocs and affiliations of states and sub-regional blocs that form collective positions on issues, such as the Arab Group, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Mercosur, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), the European Union (EU), etc.

21 For example, South Africa and Mauritius were publicly denigrated by Nigeria, the then coordinator of the African Group, for their leadership on and support for the first UN resolution on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity in 2011.

22 www.unfamilyrightscaucus.org/un-initiatives/statements-activities

23 Resolutions on “traditional values”: A/HRC/RES/12/21 (2009); A/HRC/RES/16/3 (2011); A/HRC/RES/21/3 (2012); on “protection of the family”: A/HRC/RES/26/11 (2014); A/HRC/RES/29/22 (2015).

24 Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide (TvT), Legal and Social Mapping: www.transrespect-transphobia.org/en_US/mapping.htm

25 European Court of Human Rights. (2015, 10 March). Refusal to authorise transsexual to have access to gender reassignment surgery breached right to respect for private life. (Press release.) hudoc.echr.coe.int/webservices/content/pdf/003-5032376-6183620

26 See, for example, Jain, D., & Rhoten, K. (2013, 28 December). A Comparison of the Legal Rights of Gender Non-Conforming Persons in South Asia. Economic & Political Weekly. www.academia.edu/11810587/A_Comparison_of_the_Legal_Rights_of_Gender_Non-Conforming_Persons_in_South_Asia

27 Khaki v. Rawalpindi, Supreme Court of Pakistan (12 December 2009).

28 See, for example: United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG). (2011, 17 June). Council establishes mandate on Côte d’Ivoire, adopts protocol to child rights treaty, requests study on discrimination and sexual orientation. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12578B2004B0A50?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2012, 7 March). Human Rights Council holds panel discussion on discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12579BA004DFE81?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2014, 26 September). Human Rights Council adopts resolution on sexual orientation and gender identity and concludes twenty-seventh session. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/24F74BA2FCAB79CDC1257D5F0063A227?OpenDocument; UNOG. (2015, 22 June). Human Rights Council holds general debate on the promotion and protection of all human rights. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C85AF94F13C23F94C1257E6C0059B456?OpenDocument

29 UNOG. (2012, 29 February). Human Rights Council holds panel discussion on the promotion and protection of freedom of expression on the internet. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media_archive.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/C125763C00590FD6C12579B300535CC6?OpenDocument

30 Ibid.

31 MacAskill, E., & Borger, J. (2013, 30 June). New NSA leaks show how US is bugging its European allies. The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/30/nsa-leaks-us-bugging-european-allies

32 United Nations. (2013, 26 November). Third Committee Approves Text Titled ‘Right to Privacy in the Digital Age’, as It Takes Action on 18 Draft Resolutions. www.un.org/press/en/2013/gashc4094.doc.htm

33 UNOG. (2015, 26 March). Human Rights Council creates mandate of Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy. unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/%28httpNewsByYear_en%29/4CA5769DF702C0CCC1257E14005F5F4B?OpenDocument

34 See, for example, ISHR. (2009, 4 November). Stalemate at the Ad Hoc Committee on complementary standards. International Service for Human Rights. www.ishr.ch/news/stalemate-ad-hoc-committee-complementary-standards

35https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Eyes

36 MacAskill, E., & Ball, J. (2013, 21 November). UN surveillance resolution goes ahead despite attempts to dilute language. The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/21/un-surveillance-resolution-us-uk-dilute-language

37 The UN Special Procedures are independent human rights experts with mandates to report and advise on human rights from a thematic or country-specific perspective. Special procedures are either an individual (called "Special Rapporteur" or "Independent Expert") or a working group composed of five members.

38 A/HRC/29/32. (2015). Paras 1 & 12. www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session29/Documents/A.HRC.29.32_AEV.doc

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Science and Technology - Latest SKA developments in astronomy

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SAfm — The MeerKat telescope - a precursor to the Square Kilometre Array or SKA, continues to make new discoveries. Scientists say it's just a fraction of what is yet to come. The SKA and the African Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network or AVN, as well as other initiatives, aim to develop astronomy in the nine African SKA partner countries, which are Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia. Guest: Takalani Nemaungani - Director of Multi-wavelength Astronomy at the Department of Science and Technology.
          

The list of Africa nations in ascending order, by population VS new video of Michael Kiwanuka ‘You Ain’t The Problem’

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Djibouti Eswatini Equatorial Guinea Mauritius Guinea- Bissau Gabon Gambia Lesotho Botswana Namibia Mauritania Liberia Central African Republic Republic of The Congo Libya Sierra Leone Eritrea Togo (that’s 18 of 46 — it ends with Nigeria) South Sudan Burundi Benin (10,008,749) … Continue reading
          

Der Hof der Wunder (Kester Grant)

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der hof der wunderIm Dezember 2019 erscheint "Der Hof der Wunder" von Kester Grant:

"In einem alternativen Paris des Jahres 1823 ist die Französische Revolution fehlgeschlagen. Skrupellose Aristokraten teilen sich die Stadt mit neun kriminellen Gilden, die die Unterwelt regieren. Zwischen den Gilden herrscht ein brüchiger Frieden. Nina, Angehörige der Diebesgilde, will ihre Schwester Azelma retten. Kaplan, der Oberste der „Gilde des Fleisches“, spezialisiert auf Menschenhandel und Prostitution, hat sie an sich gerissen. Aber die Diebe wollen sich nicht mit Kaplan anlegen. Die junge Waise Ettie soll Nina bei einem verzweifelten Befreiungsplan helfen. Doch unvorhersehbare Ereignisse wie eine Hungersnot und neue Revolutionäre zwingen die ungleichen Verbündeten dazu, sich den verfeindeten Gilden anzudienen und bis zur großen Zusammenkunft der Gilden, dem legendären Hof der Wunder, zu überleben. Aber als Kaplan auf die Spur der beiden kommt, droht in ganz Paris ein Krieg auszubrechen ..."

Buchdetails:

€ 17,00 [D], € 17,50 [A]
Erscheint am 02.12.2019
Übersetzt von: Andreas Decker
416 Seiten, Klappenbroschur
ISBN 978-3-492-70501-1

Zur Autorin: Kester Grant ist eine britisch-mauritische Schriftstellerin. Geboren in London und aufgewachsen in England, im Kongo und auf Mauritius, fühlt sie sich heute mit ihrem Ehemann, ihren Hunden und Katzen überall dort zu Hause, wo ihr die besten Ideen zum Schreiben kommen. „Der Hof der Wunder“ ist ihr erster Roman.


(Quelle: Piper)


          

Der Hof der Wunder (Kester Grant)

 Cache   

der hof der wunderIm Dezember 2019 erscheint "Der Hof der Wunder" von Kester Grant:

"In einem alternativen Paris des Jahres 1823 ist die Französische Revolution fehlgeschlagen. Skrupellose Aristokraten teilen sich die Stadt mit neun kriminellen Gilden, die die Unterwelt regieren. Zwischen den Gilden herrscht ein brüchiger Frieden. Nina, Angehörige der Diebesgilde, will ihre Schwester Azelma retten. Kaplan, der Oberste der „Gilde des Fleisches“, spezialisiert auf Menschenhandel und Prostitution, hat sie an sich gerissen. Aber die Diebe wollen sich nicht mit Kaplan anlegen. Die junge Waise Ettie soll Nina bei einem verzweifelten Befreiungsplan helfen. Doch unvorhersehbare Ereignisse wie eine Hungersnot und neue Revolutionäre zwingen die ungleichen Verbündeten dazu, sich den verfeindeten Gilden anzudienen und bis zur großen Zusammenkunft der Gilden, dem legendären Hof der Wunder, zu überleben. Aber als Kaplan auf die Spur der beiden kommt, droht in ganz Paris ein Krieg auszubrechen ..."

Buchdetails:

€ 17,00 [D], € 17,50 [A]
Erscheint am 02.12.2019
Übersetzt von: Andreas Decker
416 Seiten, Klappenbroschur
ISBN 978-3-492-70501-1

Zur Autorin: Kester Grant ist eine britisch-mauritische Schriftstellerin. Geboren in London und aufgewachsen in England, im Kongo und auf Mauritius, fühlt sie sich heute mit ihrem Ehemann, ihren Hunden und Katzen überall dort zu Hause, wo ihr die besten Ideen zum Schreiben kommen. „Der Hof der Wunder“ ist ihr erster Roman.


(Quelle: Piper)


          

*%*+27715451704 (*GOOD NEWS FOR YOU*) HOW TO JOIN ILLUMINATI SECRET SOCIETY 666, FOR MONEY, POWER, W

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cheap maldives holidays 2019

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Tropical holidays direct has been successfully supporting people on their vacation, short break and other travel arrangements for more than 18 years. Focusing on an extremely attractive price/performance ratio, a wide range of choices and best standard customer service, Tropical holidays have become one of the most popular online travel agents in the UK, with over 1 million customers per year. Book a cheap, quick and easy holiday by choosing one of our package holiday deals of top honeymoon destinations,(Maldives, Mauritius Holidays, Sri Lanka Package)etc. Tropical holidays direct is a full member of ABTA and accredited IATA agent.
          

The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (Global UGRAD) to the U.S. Educational system, culture and values. Deadline : 31 December 2019

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The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (Global UGRAD) to the U.S. Educational system, culture and values. Deadline : 31 December 2019

The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (Global UGRAD) brings future leaders to the U.S. to experience the U.S. educational system, share their culture, and explore U.S. culture and values.

Application is open November 4th, 2019 through December 31st, 2019.

Global UGRAD is administered by World Learning on behalf of the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.

The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program is sponsored by the U.S. Department of State with funding provided by the U.S. Government and administered by World Learning.

Since 2008, World Learning has provided this opportunity to over 2,200 Global UGRAD students.  Participants leave the U.S. with the tools to become leaders in their professions and communities. Global UGRAD alumni go on to receive Fulbright grants, obtain prestigious international internships, and work in business and government in their home countries and regions.

Countries: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cambodia, China, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Bank and Gaza, Zimbabwe

 

 

Program Goals

To promote mutual understanding between people of the United States and other countries.

  • Provide a fulfilling exchange experience to drive academic, cross-cultural, and leadership competencies for students from Global UGRAD countries.
  • Enhance students’ academic knowledge and professional skills needed to pursue long-term academic and career goals.
  • Cultivate students’ comprehensive and nuanced understanding of the U.S.
  • Facilitate opportunities for students to establish social networks with U.S. host institutions and local communities.
  • Empower students to engage constructively in the civic life of their local and global communities.               CLICK HERE TO APPLY

The post The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (Global UGRAD) to the U.S. Educational system, culture and values. Deadline : 31 December 2019 appeared first on mucuruzi.com.


          

SPAR-Markt in Flic-en-Flac / Mauritius

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Dodo - the Bird behind the Legend by Alan Grihault

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Dodo: The Bird Behind the Legend

The Dodo stands as an icon of extinct species, this ungainly relative to the pigeon is possibly what most people think of when they think of historical extinctions (rather than the prehistoric extinctions which are best known through the dinosaurs).The dodo is possibly also the first thing that people think of when they think of the island of Mauritius.

This is a beautifully produced, lavishly illustrated book about the dodo. It examines the history of the human relationship with the bird and how we drove it to extinction, the details of its biology and its role as a cultural icon. It also looks at closely related species found on other islands near Mauritius.

It's interesting to see the myths that have circulated about the dodo and this book does its best to clear those up and to reveal the truth about questions such as : how exactly did humans drive the dodo to extinction? and What did the dodo really look like?

It's a totally fascinating book and an important one to read in these times when it is becoming clearer all the time that we are entering a Sixth Great Exctinction.

Dodo: The Bird Behind the Legend by Alan Grihault published (2005) by IPC Ltd (Mauritius)
          

Info soirée : 6 813 personnes non-inscrites sur la liste électorale n’ont pas vu voter

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LE DEFI MEDIA GROUP › Cnr Antonio & Labourdonnais Street, Port Louis, Republic of Mauritius • Tel: 203 4800 MARKETING › Tel: 203 4800• Email: marketing@defi media.info • marketing@radioplus.mu RADIO PLUS LTD › Tel: 207 0666 • 208 6002 • Email: radioplus@radioplus.mu Source link Have something to say? Leave a comment:
          

IN PRAISE OF THE WELFARE STATE – Between the Hammer and the Anvil

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RAMBASSUN (SANDEEP) SEWPAL Chartered Architect, Principal at Sandeep Sewpal Architect Mauritius is set for a general election on the 7th November and this election will have profound implications on the future of the welfare state. Industry experts and politicians have a leading role to play in tackling environmental issues, reforming education, reforming health and addressing […]
          

Kostenlos in die Therme/Sauna vom 21.-27.11.

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Ihr könnt euch als DKB Live Kunde ab jetzt für einen kostenlosen Tag in der Therme/ Sauna vom 21.-27.11. in eurer Region registrieren. Welche Thermen/ Saunen in der Aktion inkludiert sind, habe ich euch unten aufgelistet.
Entspannen, erholen, Wärme tanken
Die Tage sind grau und ungemütlich? Vertreiben Sie mit uns den November-Blues! Vom 21. bis zum 27. November 2019 laden wir Sie bei DKB live ein, Thermen und Saunalandschaften zwischen Hamburg und Erding, Köln und Berlin zu entdecken. Als Aktivkunde können Sie für sich und eine Begleitperson ab dem 7. November an einem unserer Standorte für kostenlose Tickets anmelden. Und wie haben es schon Guns N' Roses besungen: Cause nothin' lasts forever, even cold November rain.
  • Raum Berlin: Tropical Islands / Krausnick (ab 18 Uhr, 3-Stunden Abendticket)
  • Raum Hamburg: Holthusenbad / Hamburg (Tagesticket Bad & Therme)
  • Raum Köln: Mauritius Therme / Köln (3-Stunden Karte)
  • Raum München: Therme Erding (2-Stundenticket mit exotischer Therme, Wellenbad und GALAXY Rutschenwelt)
  • Raum Ruhrgebiet: Medi Therme / Bochum (Tagesticket)
  • Raum Frankfurt: Taunus Therme / Bad Homburg (2-Stunden-Ticket inkl. Sauna)
  • Raum Hannover: Landgrafentherme / Bad Nenndorf (Tagesticket Bad & Sauna)
  • Raum Leipzig: Sachsen Therme / Leipzig (3-Stunden Ticket für die Wasser- und Saunawelt)
  • Raum Nürnberg: Fürthermare / Fürth (Tagestickets für die Wasserlandschaft (Spaßbad, Therme, Hallenbad))
  • Raum Stuttgart: WONNEMAR Murrbäder / Backnang (Tagesticket für die Saunalandschaft inkl. Sport- und Familienbad)
Viel Spaß bei einem erholsamen Tag in der Therme.

          

Duniani Leo November 5, 2019 - Novemba 05, 2019

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Wabunge wa Kivu kaskazini, Beni, Lubero na Butembo wameiomba serikali ya Congo kutowashirikisha wanajeshi wa Rwanda, Uganda na Burundi. Na Mauritius itapiga kura katika uchaguzi ambao unabashiriwa waziri mkuu Pravind Jugnauth kupata ushindi mkubwa,


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