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Of Madagascar Selected Issues Fund International Monetary

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Of Madagascar Selected Issues Fund International Monetary
          

OPÉRATEUR(TRICE) SENIOR DE DONNÉES

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En tant que prestataire en externalisation, OWORKERS aide tous types de sociétés à externaliser en offshore à Madagascar, leurs processus d’affaires (BPO) en majorité liés à de la saisie & traitement de données, modération, back office administratif, retranscription audio et management de contenus. Missions : Sous la supervision du Chef de Projet, nous recherchons un Opérateur Sénior en saisie de données dont la principale mission est de remplir un portail spécialisé sur le cheval et l’univers équestre. Profil : - Vous avez fait des études supérieures (BAC+2 et plus); - Vous avez au minimum 3 ans d\'expériences en saisie sur Back office dans un atelier de saisie / BPO et/ou une expérience significative dans un process similaire; - Vous avez un très bon niveau de français à l’oral mais surtout à l\'écrit (comprendre parfaitement le français) ; - Vous avez une bonne culture générale de la vie en centre équestre, en santé équine, alimentation du cheval,équipement du cheval, de l\'écurie, du transport des chevaux. - Une expérience dans l\'utilisation d\'un back office prestashop serait un atout; - Horaire de 9h à 18h Mada du lundi au vendredi; - UNIQUEMENT SUR notre centre à Tsimbazaza, ce travail NE PEUT se faire à domicile Si vous correspondez à ces critères et que vous cherchez un emploi stable et à long terme, nous vous offrons un cadre de travail agréable dans un environnement moderne; - REMUNERATION ATTRACTIVE pour CANDIDAT(E) ADEQUAT(E); Envoyez votre CV et Lettre de motivation à l\'adresse email: miora@oworkers.com
          

OPÉRATEUR SENIOR KTM

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En tant que prestataire en externalisation, OWORKERS aide tous types de sociétés à externaliser en offshore à Madagascar, leurs processus d’affaires (BPO) en majorité liés à de la saisie & traitement de données, modération, back office administratif, retranscription audio et management de contenus. Missions : Sous la supervision du Chef de projet, votre principale mission est de gérer des données back office et ainsi reconstruire le catalogue de pièces détachées dans l\'univers de la moto: - Gérer la grille d’interface du Back office client ; - Faire des courtes descriptions, synthèses, et recoupements ; - Effectuer des recherches sur internet suivant les directives ; - Procéder à la validation et traitement de données. Profil : - Vous avez fait des études supérieures (BAC+2 et plus); - Vous avez au minimum 3 ans d\'expériences en saisie sur Back office dans un atelier de saisie / BPO; - Vous avez au minimum 2 ans d\'expériences dans un process similaire (gestion de données et incorporation sur un back office) ; - Vous avez un très bon niveau de français à l\'écrit et à l’oral (comprendre parfaitement le français) ; - Vous avez une forte passion/intérêt dans l’univers de la moto; - Vous avez une TRÈS grande rigueur dans la gestion de nombreuses informations, sérieuse et motivée ; - Horaire de 8h à 17h Mada du lundi au vendredi - UNIQUEMENT SUR notre centre à Tsimbazaza, ce travail NE PEUT se faire à domicile Si vous correspondez à ces critères et que vous cherchez un emploi stable et à long terme, nous vous offrons un cadre de travail agréable dans un environnement moderne avec une rémunération attractive pour candidat adéquat. Envoyez votre CV et Lettre de motivation à l\'adresse email: miora@oworkers.com
          

Culte D Exhumation Des Morts A Madagascar Le Famadihana Anthropologie Psychanalytique Pierre Loic

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Culte D Exhumation Des Morts A Madagascar Le Famadihana Anthropologie Psychanalytique Pierre Loic
          

Concernant L Expedition A Madagascar Maurice Auguste Comte De

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Concernant L Expedition A Madagascar Maurice Auguste Comte De
          

Physique Naturelle Et Politique De Madagascar V16 Atlas

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Physique Naturelle Et Politique De Madagascar V16 Atlas
          

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Severed hand of Scot, 44, is found inside beast killed because it was found near beaches 

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The 44-year-old British national from Scotland had been swimming off the holiday French island of Reunion, near Madagascar, when the attack took place.
          

PARC DES OISEAUX

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Billet valable 1 jour jusqu'au 11 novembre 2019 Présentation indispensable du billet
Le Parc des Oiseaux est le plus grand Parc ornithologique de France et l'un des plus importants au monde. Sa visite est un véritable tour du monde à la découverte des 3000 oiseaux et 300 espèces, présentés au sein d'aménagements paysagers reconstituant les milieux d'origine des oiseaux. Le Parc des Oiseaux a été récemment désigné « site de loisirs préféré des français en région Auvergne – Rhône Alpes » par le magazine « Ca m'intéresse ». Les exclusivités du Parc : - le Spectacle d'oiseaux en vol : un moment incontournable dans la visite, un véritable ballet coloré et émouvant démontrant la richesse, la diversité et la beauté des oiseaux. - la volière des Loris permettant un contact direct entre les visiteurs et les petits perroquets multicolores très friands du nectar que leur offre le public. - la Tour Panoramique de 27m de haut ! Inauguré en juillet 2016, (un jour d'arrivée du Tour de France au Parc !) cet édifice inédit permet une observation optimale et originale de l'avifaune sauvage… En plein ciel ! Chaque année, le Parc propose son lot de nouveautés. En 2018, la dernière et plus grande partie du nouveau site entièrement dédié à l'Afrique et à l'île de Madagascar sera ouverte. Avec ses grandes volières, ses cascades gigantesques, des activités ludiques pour les enfants et ses dimensions (plus de 2 hectares), ce projet est le plus ambitieux jamais conduit par le Parc des Oiseaux, tant en terme de collection que d'aménagement paysager. Pour célébrer cette ouverture, le Parc proposera une saison entièrement dédiée à l'Afrique avec des rencontres, conférences, animations pour petits et grands tout le long de l'année… Mais également les traditionnelles Musicales au début de l'été et les Nocturnes en juillet/août : deux évènements majeurs qui permettent à tous les publics de découvrir le Parc autrement ! Informations pratiques : Le Parc est ouvert tous les jours jusqu'au 11 novembre 2019. Les horaires d'ouverture sont consultables sur le site. 1 self-service, 1 restaurant traditionnel, 2 snacks. 4 aires de pique-nique aménagées. Jeu d'enfants. 1 Boutique. Parking gratuit. Camping Le Nid du Parc à 500 m. Spectacle d'oiseaux en vol tous les jours à 15h30 (gratuit, sous réserve des conditions météorologiques et des disponibilités à votre arrivée) – 1 à 2 séances supplémentaires en fonction de la saison. Nous vous suggérons de prévoir la journée entière de visite. Gratuit pour les moins de 3 ans.
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World: More than 52 million people across Africa going hungry as weather extremes hit the continent [EN/AR]

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Source: Oxfam
Country: World, Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Millions displaced; women, girls hit hardest; crises compounded by conflicts, poverty and inequality; $700m average climate-related losses; urgent action needed now

More than 52 million people in 18 countries across southern, eastern and central Africa are facing up to crisis levels of hunger as a result of weather extremes, compounded by poverty and conflict.

Some areas are facing a second extreme drought in four years and worse than that sparked by El Nino in 1981.

In the South, parts of Zimbabwe have had their lowest rainfall since 1981 which has helped push more than 5.5m people into extreme food insecurity. Zambia’s rich maize-growing area has been decimated and exports are now banned; 2.3m people there are food insecure. The situation is worsening including in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar, Namibia and Zimbabwe. There are reports of farmer suicides in South Africa.

Drought has also hit the East and Horn of Africa particularly Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. At the same time, record-breaking temperatures in the Indian Ocean have dumped ultra-heavy rainfalls into Kenya and South Sudan, causing flash-flooding especially along major river arteries. South Sudan has declared a state of emergency with more than 900,000 people hit by floods.

In Africa extreme weather events have hit many countries already suffering from ongoing conflict. Across the continent, 7.6 million people were displaced by conflict in the first six months of 2019, and another 2.6 million by extreme weather. In the Horn, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan have simultaneously faced over 750 000 people displaced by conflict and 350 000 displaced by extreme weather.

Scientists have demonstrated how climate change is increasing the frequency or severity of many extreme weather events. Over the last decade, these 18 African countries have collectively suffered average annual losses of $700m from climate-related disasters– and this is without counting the cost of these latest crises, says Oxfam. However, there has been minimal progress globally in raising funds specifically to address loss and damage from climate change. Africa contributes less than 5% of total global emissions but is suffering some of the most severe impacts of the climate crisis.

Officials will meet at the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMCEN) in Durban Nov 11-15 to discuss the future of Africa’s “environmental sustainability and prosperity”. Oxfam urges ministers to demand that industrial nations honor their promises to avoid escalating human and financial costs and to pay for damages.

“We are witnessing millions of already poor people facing extreme food insecurity and exhausting their reserves because of compounding climate shocks that hit already vulnerable communities hardest. They need help urgently. The scale of the drought devastation across southern Africa is staggering,” said Oxfam’s Southern Africa Regional Director Nellie Nyang'wa.

“In western Kenya, the crop harvest is 25% down and in parts of Somalia up to 60%. Livestock in many rural areas are emaciated and milk production is down. Cereal prices in some areas have rocketed up to five-year highs, pricing out poorer people. Nearly 7m people in the region are living just below the catastrophic hunger line,” said Oxfam’s Horn, East and Central Africa regional director Lydia Zigomo. “It is a vicious cycle where poor and marginalized communities, mostly women and girls, are more exposed to the climate crisis and less able to cope and recover from its harm.”.

Mithika Mwenda, chief executive of Oxfam’s partner PACJA, said “communities at the frontline of this climate crisis are overstretched and may be facing potential annihilation. But local people are doing everything that can to overcome the challenge. There are unprecedented levels of organization happening where governments have let local people down.”

“We’re seeing people trying to cope with shifting seasons and erratic rainfall by finding new ways to make a living off-farm. Women are coming together to pool their resources through small internal lending communities, buying food together, growing sweet potatoes instead of maize – all without outside support. Local people have the solutions but what they lack is resources, especially funding.

“Our leaders should look to support these community solutions to build up people’s resilience to climate change. For 35 years AMCEN has been a very important platform with impactful policies that have helped to create awareness of environmental sustainability. It needs to move away now from policy making to policy implementation.”

Oxfam is currently reaching more than 7 million people in ten of the hardest hit countries with food and water support, and long-term development projects to help people cope better with climate-related shocks. Oxfam plans to reach 10% of those most in need in these ten countries and is trying to raise $65m to do so.

Oxfam is calling on African ministers at the AMCEN meeting to:
• Insist rich industrialised countries decrease their CO2 emissions in line with the Paris Agreement's goal of limiting global heating to below 1.5C, and honour their commitment to mobilise $100bn a year by 2020 to fund climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts in developing countries;
• Demand governments agree to develop a new funding mechanism for “loss and damage” from climate change at the upcoming UN climate conference (COP25);
• Invest more into universal, high-quality and gender-responsive public services and strengthen tax systems in African countries to close the gap between rich and poor;
• Improve their disaster warning and management systems, and commit to re-greening and agricultural policies that target women and men small-scale farmers;
• Invest in “social accountability” projects that ensures climate finance can reach the communities that need it most, and empowering them in their own decision-making
• Engage women and girls in the planning, design and implementation of early warning systems and climate mitigation and adaptation programs
• Protect people who are forced to move so that they are able to do so in safety, dignity and on their own terms.

CONTACTS
• Spokespersons available. To arrange for interviews contact:
• At the AMCEN event in Durban: Asanda Ngoasheng; Oxfam South Africa Media Lead: Asanda.Ngoasheng@oxfam.org.za +27826109374
• Nesrine Aly; Global Media Lead: nesrine.aly@oxfam.org +447503989838; +201222486964

Note to editors
The 18 African countries analysed are Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Oxfam’s estimate of economic damages from climate-related disasters is based on figures from EM-DAT: The Emergency Events Database: www.emdat.be. Oxfam's estimate of displacement from extreme weather events and from conflict if based on figure from IDMC : Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre: http://www.internal-displacement.org/

In 2013, CoP agreed to establish the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage which outlines the responsibility of rich developed nations to help communities overcome the loss and damage from climate disasters. Since then, zero progress has been made in ensuring financial support for loss and damage to these communities.

Oxfam is responding to the humanitarian needs in Ethiopia, DRC, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. For more details please check Oxfam.org


          

World: Knowledge for Children in Africa: 2019 Publications Catalogue

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Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Foreword

Every year, UNICEF and partners generate a wealth of evidence on the situation of children in Africa. Knowledge and evidence are essential to informing the development, implementation, and monitoring of relevant policies and programmes for the realization of children’s rights. To this end, UNICEF Regional Directors in Africa are pleased to present the 2019 edition of the Knowledge for Children in Africa Publications Catalogue.

The 2019 edition of the catalogue features 107 reports and studies on the situation of children, young people, and women in Africa. These publications represent the collective knowledge generated by UNICEF Country and Regional Offices during the year, and capture the work of UNICEF and partners to support the rights and well-being of children across the continent.
The publications cover a wide range of topics. Publications are listed under the following categories:

  • Child Poverty
  • Child Protection
  • Child-Sensitive Social Protection
  • Education and Early Childhood Development
  • Financing for Development: Public Finance for Children
  • HIV and AIDS
  • Humanitarian Action, Resilience and Peacebuilding
  • Maternal, Newborn and Child Health
  • Nutrition
  • Situation Analysis and Socioeconomic Development
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Many of the publications are, or will be, available online. The entry for each study or report includes a short description, as well as information on the authors and contributors, planned publication date, and contact details for obtaining additional information.
Evidence plays a critical role in shaping successful initiatives in support of children and women.
We sincerely hope that you will find the publications listed in this catalogue to be a helpful resource for evidence-based decision making and programming.

Ted Chaiban Regional Director UNICEF Middle East and North Africa

Mohamed Malick Fall Regional Director UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa

Marie-Pierre Poirier Regional Director UNICEF West and Central Africa


          

Trouver les pingouins de Madagascar

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Trouver les pingouins de Madagascar Trouver les pingouins de Madagascar


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Sipsmith + Roku Gin + Gratis Larios 12

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Sipsmith + Roku Gin + Gratis Larios 12

Compra Ginebra Sipsmith y Comprar Ginebra Roku tiene tiene regalo: 1 Larios 12 gratis!

Te presentamos una promoción especial y muy limitada, por la compra de 2 botellas de Ginebra, una de Ginebra Sipsmith y otra de Ginebra Roku Gin consigue totalmente gratis una botella de Ginebra Larios 12 valorada en 12,75 EUR.

Ginebra Sipmith es una ginebra London Dry Gin elaborada a través de un proceso de 5 destilaciones por lotes en un único alambique de 300 litros de cobre y agua fresca del rio Lywell, un afluente del Támesis. Botánicos como Enebro, macedonio, corteza de naranja y limón de españa, cilantro de bulgaria, regalíz de españa, canela de madagascar, raíz de casia china, raíz de angélica de Francia, Raíz de Orris de Italia y Almendra de España forman los botánicos base de esta ginebra suave ligeramente cítrica y floral.

Ginebra Roku Gin esta elaborada por la prestigiosa firma Japonesa, Suntory. Sus seis botánicos cultivados durante las 4 estacionesdel año producen una ginebra artesana y aunténtica. Flor de Sakura, hoja de Sakura, Cáscara de Yuzu, Té Sencha, Té Gyokuro y Pimienta Sansho forman la base de esta expectacular ginebra,

Ginebra Larios 12 es la evolución premium de Ginebra Larios. 12 botánicos mediterráneos: Cilantro, Clementina, Enebro, Lima, Limón, Naranja, Pomelo, Mandarina, Nuez moscada, Raíz de Angélica y Flor de Azahar, forman la base de esta ginebra mediterránea en 5 procesos de destilación

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NEWSLETTER #128 - OPEN LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MADAGASCAR

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NEWSLETTER #128
*CRAAD-OI – Research and Support Centre for Development Alternatives – Indian Ocean
*Collectif pour la défense des terres malgaches – TANY
OPEN LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MADAGASCAR
His Excellency, President of the Republic
Please allow us to alert you about the radioactivity issue regarding the Ranobe site of the Base Toliara project relating to the exploitation of mineralized sands with the view to producing ilmenite, zircon, and rutile in the Atsimo Andrefana (...) - 06. Newsletters /
          

NEWSLETTER #128 - LETTRE OUVERTE À MONSIEUR LE PRÉSIDENT DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE DE MADAGASCAR

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Son Excellence, Monsieur Le Président de la République,
Permettez-nous de vous alerter d'urgence au sujet de la radioactivité sur le site de Ranobe du projet Base Toliara d'exploitation de sables minéralisés en vue de la production d'ilménite, de zircon et de rutile dans la région Atsimo Andrefana.
En effet, après ses rencontres successives avec les dirigeants de la société minière, les communautés riveraines qui soutiennent la réalisation du projet Base Toliara, et celles qui demandent son arrêt (...) - 06. Newsletters /
          

The importance of Madagascar's lowland rainforest for lemur conservation

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Throughout their evolutionary history, animals in regions with limited lowland habitat have evolved to adapt to higher elevations. Although lemurs -- among the most endangered mammals on Earth -- are flexible and can persist at intermediate and high elevations in the Madagascar's eastern rainforest, a new study shows that the few remaining patches of lowland rainforest host the highest levels of lemur abundance for several species.
          

Madagascar : Début des propagandes pour les élections communales et municipales.

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Madagascar : Début des propagandes pour les élections communales et municipales.
Le 5 Novembre, les candidats aux élections communales et municipales ont commencé les campagnes électorales. Ainsi, chaque candidat aura exactement 20 jours pour présenter les projets qu’il effectuera dans le cas où il serait élu. La réhabilitation des routes, le transport, la sécurité ainsi que la santé figurent parmi les points essentiels.

Certains candidats ont débuté la course aux communales et municipales par un culte, d’autres ont rencontré leurs partenaires avec la présentation de leurs programmes. Pour la commune rurale d’Alasora, par exemple, l’adduction et approvisionnement en eau potable nécessite le plus d’attention. Rappelons que la date des élections officielles est le 27 Novembre, la campagne électorale prendra fin le 25 Novembre à minuit.


          

Madagascar : Indemnisation des propriétaires des terrains touchés par le projet Tanamasoandro.

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Madagascar : Indemnisation des propriétaires des terrains touchés par le projet Tanamasoandro.
Selon le Directeur Général de l’APIPA, le coût total de l’indemnisation des propriétaires des terrains faisant l’objet du projet Tanamasoandro s’élève à 20 millions de dollar. Ceci constitue la méthode de résolution à l’amiable pour l’acquisition des terres. Depuis ce 30 Octobre, le guichet unique pour le règlement des paiements est ouvert à Andohatapenaka.

Ainsi, tous les dossiers devront être reçus à ce guichet unique. Le paiement aura lieu après 4 jours, jusqu’à 4 mois du dépôt de dossier. Cette durée dépend du mode de paiement. Certains propriétaires sont ravis pour la réalisation dudit projet présidentiel et n’y contestent point. Un village réservé aux anciens propriétaires de terrains y sera également installé en guise de compensation.


          

Madagascar : Dadah Rabel de Mahaleo décède

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Madagascar : Dadah Rabel de Mahaleo décède
Andrianabela Rakotobe mieux connu par son nom Dadah Rabel tire sa révérence à Antsirabe à l’âge de 65 ans, deux semaines après le départ de Fafah. Selon les informations reçues, il a eu un malaise respiratoire pendant le déjeuner. Il a été amené d’urgence à l’hôpital d’Antsirabe mais les médecins n’ont rien pu faire. Dadah, le frère de Nono, était in chirurgien, et a servi à l’hôpital d’Antsirabe.

C’est le quatrième membre qui décède au sein du groupe Mahaleo. Ce n’est pas seulement le groupe qui perd un membre, c’est toute une nation qui perd un « olomanga ». Les hommages à Dadah fusent sur les réseaux sociaux. L’équipe de Madaplus adresse ses plus sincères condoléances à la famille de Dadah, au groupe Mahaleo, aux fans.


          

Madagascar : Limogeage de Ministre de l’Energie de l’Eau et des Hydrocarbures

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Madagascar : Limogeage de Ministre de l’Energie de l’Eau et des Hydrocarbures
Face aux problèmes survenus la semaine dernière sur la crise du carburant, le Ministre de l’Energie, de l’Eau et des hydrocarbures a été limogé, Vonjy Andriamanga. En effet, face à la crise de carburant, le retour du délestage et les problèmes en approvisionnement d’eau dans presque toute la ville.

Le Ministre des Postes, des Télécommunications et du développement numérique assurera cette fonction jusqu’à une novelle nomination. D’une autre part, le Directeur Général de l’Office Malgache des Hydrocarbure, Laurent Rajaonarivelo, a déposé, ce 30 Octobre sa lettre de démission auprès du Conseil d’Administration de cette entité.


          

Farm Frenzy 3: Madagascar

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¡Únete a Scarlett y viaja a la hermosa isla de Madagascar para ayudar a los trabajadores de la reserva a salvar a los animales! Los animales de Madagascar se han visto afectados por una misteriosa enfermedad y depende de ti curarlos. ¡Regresa a la granja donde un elenco único de animales espera tu ayuda en Farm Frenzy 3: Madagascar, un trepidante juego de Gestión del tiempo!
          

Daily Mail: Severed hand of Scot, 44, is found inside beast killed because it was found near beaches 

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The 44-year-old British national from Scotland had been swimming off the holiday French island of Reunion, near Madagascar, when the attack took place.
          

Science and Technology - Latest SKA developments in astronomy

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SAfm — The MeerKat telescope - a precursor to the Square Kilometre Array or SKA, continues to make new discoveries. Scientists say it's just a fraction of what is yet to come. The SKA and the African Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network or AVN, as well as other initiatives, aim to develop astronomy in the nine African SKA partner countries, which are Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia. Guest: Takalani Nemaungani - Director of Multi-wavelength Astronomy at the Department of Science and Technology.
          

Gotu Kola

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Gotu kola, not to be confused with the caffeine-rich kola nut, is a red flowering plant that grows in India, Sri Lanka, Madagascar and other hot, swampy areas throughout the world. It has been a part of traditional Indian Ayurvedic healing for centuries, and especially revered for its therapeutic benefits towards skin disorders. Gotu kola is also a food of choice for elephants. Some believe the herb helps these animals - and perhaps humans as well - live to a ripe old age.

Gotu kola contains chemicals called "triterpenes"; which help form collagen in bones, cartilage and connective tissue. Taken internally or applied topically, the herb can be beneficial for burns, keloid scars, incisions and wounds. It is also shows promise as a treatment for varicose veins as it helps strengthen blood vessels and improve blood flow. Some studies show gotu kola is effective as a topical agent on psoriasis lesions.

Another use of gotu kola is for improving memory and mental acuity. Some studies show it helps improve the concentration levels of developmentally disabled children and Alzheimer's patients.


          

En Partage Reconfigurations De Ruralites Dans Le Corridor Forestier Betsileo Tanala Madagascar Chantal Blanc Pamard Herve Rakoto

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En Partage Reconfigurations De Ruralites Dans Le Corridor Forestier Betsileo Tanala Madagascar Chantal Blanc Pamard Herve Rakoto
          

Parler Secret Arabico Malgache Du Sud Est De Madagascar Philippe

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Parler Secret Arabico Malgache Du Sud Est De Madagascar Philippe
          

WINDYWOO AND HER NAUGHTY NAUGHTY PETS Development Reading Will Be Led By Remy Zaken and Soara-Joye Ross

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Amas Musical Theatre, (Donna Trinkoff, Artistic Producer) presents a developmental reading at the Dare to be Different Festival of Windywoo and Her Naughty Naughty Pets, The Musical, by Wendy Ann Gardner. This new musical based on the popular Naughty Naughty Pets franchise featured on Cartoon Network, with books published by Disney's Hyperion Books for Children features an award-winning cast.

Windywoo began its musical theatre life at NY Musical Festival and has since been developed in two staged readings. Many of those original cast members are returning to reprise their roles.

Remy Zaken who stars as Windywoo has been seen, or heard, on Broadway's Dear Evan Hansen as the Virtual Community Voice and appeared in the original cast of, Spring Awakening. Off-Broadway she was featured in Brooklynite and starred in the title role of Freckleface Strawberry. Remy played the iconic role of Anne Frank in The Diary of Anne Frank at the Pittsburgh Theatre, and received the "Connecticut Critics Circle Award for Best Debut" in A Tree Grows In Brooklyn. In honor of this role, Remy has made a donation to ASPCA.

After closing New York City Center's, Promenade and working on a new Adam Gwon musical, Lucille Lortel Award-winner & Drama Desk nominee, of John Doyle's reimagined Carmen Jones as 'Frankie', Soara-Joye Ross, joins the company and is featured in the role of Ella. Soara-Joye has appeared on Broadway in LES MISERABLES and Dance of the Vampires, Dessa Rose at Lincoln Center, and at Carnegie Hall in Jerry Springer the Opera, she was on the National Tour of The Gershwin's Porgy & Bess and most recently starred as Reno Sweeney in Arena Stage's production of Anything Goes opposite Corbin Blue.

Lulu Picart who will reprise her role as the Furever Home Volunteer received a Lortel Award nomination for her performance in the Off-Broadway production of Disenchanted! and was on the First National tour of Rogers and Hammerstein's Cinderella, internationally she has appeared in China's production of Madagascar Live! Lulu is Co-host of the comedy podcast and YouTube channel 10k Dollar Day. Creator of a motivational speaking series using the tenets of improvisational comedy and on the faculty of Pace University Performing Arts.

Kathy Searle who will play the role of Princess Vicki is an accomplished film, TV actor and standup comedienne winning three awards at the International Independent Film Awards, Jersey Shore Film Festival, and the Madrid International Film Festival for Best Actress in the feature film "Love In Kilnerry," she was nominated for best actress in the western "Bill Tilghman And The Outlaws". Kathy has appeared in the off-Broadway production of I Want To Destroy You and is co-creator of The Awesome 80s Prom.

Thrilled to be working with such an amazing group of women are award-winning director Jonathan Cerullo (The Boys from Syracuse, Band In Berlin, Big Apple Circus, Anna Karenina, Legs Diamond), Music Director, Stephanie Bianchi, and Associate Director, Carol Schuberg.

The reading, which is open to the public, takes place as part of Amas Musical Theatre's Dare to Be Different Festival on Nov. 23rd @ 5:00 pm and Nov. 24th, 2019, @ 12:00 & 3:00 pm at the A.R.T/New York Theatres, Mezzanine Theatre, 502 West 53rd Street, NYC.

Windywoo and Her Naughty Naughty Pets, The Musical runs approximately 75 minutes, with 14 songs, and is suitable for all ages.

Amas Musical Theatre is a non-profit, multi-ethnic theatrical organization founded in 1968 by Ms. Rosetta LeNoire. Amas ("you love" in Latin) is devoted to the creation, development and professional production of new American musicals through the celebration of diversity and minority perspectives, the emergence of new artistic talent, and the training and encouragement of underserved young people in the New York area. Amas celebrates its impact in pioneering multi-ethnic casting in the American Theatre and reiterates its commitment to this reflection of our diverse society.

For online tickets www.amasmusical.org. All shows presented at the beautiful A.R.T./New York Theatres; Mezzanine Theatre located at 502 West 53rd Street (10th Ave & 53rd St) All phone orders: (212) 563-2565 BOX OFFICE: 1 Hour Before Curtain.

For information on the A.R.T./New York Theatres including directions and accessibility information, please CLICK HERE. Amas gratefully acknowledges the performance space for these productions was subsidized by the A.R.T./New York Theatres Rental Subsidy Fund, a program of the Alliance of Resident Theatres/New York (A.R.T./New York).


          

L'Union européenne accorde une importance à la sauvegarde du patrimoine naturel exceptionnel et la biodiversité de Madagascar.

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Dans le cadre de sa mission dans la région Menabe, et en collaboration avec l'ONG Fanamby, SEM Giovanni Di Girolamo, Ambassadeur de l'Union européenne à Madagascar a visité la célèbre Allée des Baobabs. Durant la visite, les membres de la délégation de l'UE ont planté trois petits baobabs pour souligner symboliquement l'importance de la sauvegarde du patrimoine naturel exceptionnel et la biodiversité de Madagascar.


          

Echos de la mission de SEM Giovanni Di Girolamo, l'Ambassadeur de l'Union européenne dans la région Menabe

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Les potentialités et les défis du secteur Tourisme à Morondava ont été au cœur de l'entretien entre l'Ambassadeur de l'Union européenne à Madagascar et Monsieur Jean Marie Kolo, président de l'Office du Tourisme Régional du Menabe.


          

Malgache Francais Dialecte Tainala Sud Est De Madagascar Avec Recherches Etymologiques Philippe

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Malgache Francais Dialecte Tainala Sud Est De Madagascar Avec Recherches Etymologiques Philippe
          

Pontaguite - Voyage Madagascar

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Pontaguite - Bonjour Fanou, quel beau voyage au Madagascar ! J'ai des amis de notre Eglise qui travaillent là-bas. Ils ont dû voir ces paysages que tu as mis. Le jour de la Toussaint, mes enfants et moi, on a mis des fleurs dans trois cimetières. Comme ils sont bien fleuris ! A bientôt, Fanou,...
          

janet - Voyage Madagascar

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janet - coucou Fanou bisous  
          

mamykool - Voyage Madagascar

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mamykool - Avec des bisous !
          

kettyn.. - Voyage Madagascar

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kettyn.. - Bonjour Je passe dans ton bel univers te souhaiter une très bonne journée. Zut de zut les nuages pleurent encore ce matin ,je ne peut pas allée au marcher sous la pluie ,je ne veut pas faire la poule mouiller . bisous. kettyn
          

capucine66 - Voyage Madagascar

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capucine66 - bonjour Fanou c'est jeudi, peux être es-tu sur les sentiers? mon homme , lui, a annulé celle qu'l devait faire, la météo prévoit de l'eau mais pour l'instant nous avons un beau soleil...mais comme c'était en montagne , parfois il est préférable d'annuler ...je vais sortir...
          

berenice.la.ballade - Voyage Madagascar

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berenice.la.ballade - Bonjour Fanou de bon matin je t offre un ti café. et te souhaite un bon jeudi
          

Marynord - Voyage Madagascar

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Marynord - Je passe tard désolée, mais merci pour les visites, et tes belles photos partage, bisous douce soirée.
          

fanouchacha - Voyage Madagascar

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fanouchacha - Coucou Monique, je suis autant peinée que toi pour notre gentille Frimousse, c'est dur la méchanceté. Désolée pour Tatiana et aussi pour toi qui subit quand elle broie du noir. J'espère que les médecins vont lui trouver le bon médicament. Heureusement tu es bien occupée entre...
          

Hiakku - Voyage Madagascar

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Hiakku - Fa ou, cela me peine la méchanceté à propos de Marie. Se servir de son pseudo, pour faire le mal. Vu Tatiana hier. Ce n'était pas une bonne journée pour elle. Passe du temps avec mon fils. Il est en plein déménagement. Il s'installe avec sa compagne dans un appartement qu'elle...
          

foedora clarisse - Voyage Madagascar

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foedora clarisse - Coucou Fanou, merci pour ton com sur ma page! Je vais à peu près bien! mais j'ai été fatiguée! j'ai voulu me reposer en lisant mon journal intime depuis ma séparation avec mon ex-mari! déjà à l'époque il manipulait mon fils pour se le mettre dans sa poche mais il a fait...
          

And Environmental Management In Madagascar

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And Environmental Management In Madagascar
          

World News Updates, World News, Current Affairs, Daily Current Affairs, World News Updates

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World News Updates, World News, Current Affairs, Daily Current Affairs, World News Updates


EU crisis: Eurozone economy growth rates slashed amid fears of downturn

Posted: 07 Nov 2019 12:54 AM PST



THE European Union's economy is set to be plunged into chaos after seven years of consecutive growth, according to the bloc's latest fiscal forecast.

Taiji dolphin hunt: Sweet mammals slaughtered in horror event as calls for its axing grows

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 10:06 PM PST



GRAPHIC CONTENT WARING - DISTURBING footage has surfaced showing a pod of dolphins being coerced into a cove and then slaughtered in a town, called Taiji, in Japan.

Jesus revelation: Mysterious bullet hole found in Last Supper masterpiece painting

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 08:30 PM PST



A BULLET hole has been found in an interpretative painting of the masterpiece, The Last Supper, in a mysterious discovery that has eluded the artist.

Trump triumph: US President soars in major poll that predicts victory in 2020 election

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 07:13 PM PST



PRESIDENT Donald Trump received a huge boost to his chances of being reelected for a second term , as a recent poll found that a majority of voters expect him to win next year's contest.

Michelle Obama shock: Ex-FLOTUS reveals how Barack forced her to make major life decision

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 06:56 PM PST



MICHELLE OBAMA makes surprising admission about her relationship with husband Barack Obama - and it's adorable.

Melania Trump outrage: FLOTUS accused of lying about being a supermodel by ex-NYC roommate

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 06:25 PM PST



MELANIA TRUMP was accused of lying about being a supermodel by her former New York City roommate.

Archeology shock: Ancient US burial site accidentally unearthed by baffled builders

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 05:31 PM PST



A ROAD widening project was halted in California after construction workers accidentally unearthed an ancient American burial site.

Severed hand of British tourist found in killer shark’s stomach after man goes missing

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 05:25 PM PST



A BRITISH swimmer's hand has been found inside the carcass of a shark that was killed off the coast of Reunion Island, near Madagascar.

Melania Trump backlash: FLOTUS accused of 'hurting patients' as protestors storm hospital

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 04:18 PM PST



MELANIA TRUMP was met by dozens of protestors at Boston Medical Center as she visited to highlight the case of drug-exposed babies as part of her Be Best initiative.

EU news: What Europe fears more than anything else - and it involves Trump

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 11:46 PM PST



THE EUROPEAN UNION is in flux as the UK's departure remains uncertain. While across the pond, the campaign for the US 2020 elections is ramping up, posing further concerns to the bloc.

          

le Meilleur SUBSTRAT pour une MARCOTTE

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Que ce soit pour des boutures ou en l’occurrence pour une marcotte quel est le meilleur substrat?
tu peux utiliser de la sphaigne, du Chili ou de Madagascar voir même de France.
C'est un produit facile à trouver en jardinerie largement utilisé pour plante carnivore et autre orchidée.
Ici je te donne quelques astuces pour réussir une marcotte aérienne, afin que tu puisse multiplier tes bonsaï.
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👋Pour me SOUTENIR GRATUITEMENT, juste en regardant une petite vidéo 👋 https://www.utip.io/vitalbonsai

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👉 ABONNE TOI en *cliquant ici* :👈

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCK5Xl6I1HsHpdvzcJDqbkfQ/?sub_confirmation=1

Pour T'ABONNER , il te faut un compte Google. Tu peux en créer un ici :
https://accounts.google.com/signup/v2/webcreateaccount?flowName=GlifWebSignIn&flowEntry=SignUp

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🔎 SUIS MOI SUR :🔍

FACEBOOK : https://www.facebook.com/VitalBonsai/
INSTAGRAM : https://www.instagram.com/bruno_faure/
TWITTER : https://twitter.com/vitalbonsai
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💐POUR ME SOUTENIR : 💐

TIPEEE : https://fr.tipeee.com/v

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Comment faire / créer un bonsaï, comment arroser un bonsaï, comment tailler un bonsaï, comment s’occuper d’un bonsaï, comment ligaturer un bonsaï ???
Une partie des réponses dans ces VIDÉOS :

*Pour DÉBUTER en BONSAÏ* :
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxtKIHv5yUIYERH8DxbkAwg89nildrcMz

*Vos QUESTIONS les PLUS RÉCURRENTES* :
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxtKIHv5yUIYyJOI428V57E9Nh_AN5n9V

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🍀LES PARTENAIRES🍀

François Gau :
https://www.facebook.com/francois.gau.9
https://www.youtube.com/user/gauf81

#marcotte #sphaigne #bonsai : https://youtu.be/Tvxi95YAUR0
          

EPP Ampefiloha Ambodirano – Rajoelina au chevet de l’Éducation

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Du concret. Le président de la République Andry Rajoelina a donné forme, hier, son velirano sur l’éducation à l’EPP Ampefiloha Ambodirano. L’enseignement est malade, il faut le soigner, il faut le soutenir. Ce sont les premiers mots du président de la Répu­blique Andry Rajoelina hier à l’EPP Ampefiloha Ambodirano dont les élèves se sont vu […]

L’article EPP Ampefiloha Ambodirano – Rajoelina au chevet de l’Éducation est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Mahazoarivo – Deux hommes périssent sous les gravats

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Le terrassement d’un terrain à bâtir a viré au drame. Le bilan fait état de deux morts et de quatre blessés. Un manque de qualification des ouvriers est soulevé. Des scènes à fendre le cœur. Un éboulement a fait deux morts à Mahazoarivo, hier matin. Ecrasés par un bloc de terre, deux ouvriers ont trouvé la mort. […]

L’article Mahazoarivo – Deux hommes périssent sous les gravats est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Palais des sports Mahamasina – Tous les honneurs pour la dépouille de Dadah

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Le choc a été palpable pour le public de la capitale en recevant le corps de Dadah au palais des Sports de Mahamasina, hier. La capitale a témoigné son attachement au grand artiste disparu. Soutien et compassion. Pour permettre au grand public de la capitale de rendre un dernier hommage à Dadah avant son enterrement, […]

L’article Palais des sports Mahamasina – Tous les honneurs pour la dépouille de Dadah est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Conseil des ministres – Le projet Base Toliara suspendu

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Coup de tonnerre hier pour les promoteurs du projet d’extraction d’ilménite  de Ranobe à Toliara. Le projet Base Toliara a été décidé de s’arrêter. Pesante décision. Les pressions politiques ont eu raison du grand projet minier de Toliara, repris en main par la société australienne Base Resources en janvier 2018. Le conseil des ministres d’hier […]

L’article Conseil des ministres – Le projet Base Toliara suspendu est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Nomination – Nouveau gouverneur à la Banque centrale

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Grande figure de la finance. Henri Rabarijohn, président du Conseil d’Admi­nistration de la banque BNI Madagascar vient d’être nommé hier, nouveau gouverneur de la Banque centrale de Mada­gascar. Cette institution qui est, à la fois, la banque des banques et la banque de l’État puisqu’elle conserve les comptes du Trésor public, se voit diriger par […]

L’article Nomination – Nouveau gouverneur à la Banque centrale est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Tunnel Ambohidahy – Cinq braqueurs barricadent la route

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Il s’en était fallu de peu. Des automobilistes ont vécu un moment de frayeur au tunnel Garby à Ambohidahy, dans la nuit de mardi à mercredi. Pour échapper à cinq individus brandissant sabres et coutelas, tapis dans un coin sous la voûte du tunnel, des automobilistes ont dû rouler sur le trottoir, rouler par-dessus des […]

L’article Tunnel Ambohidahy – Cinq braqueurs barricadent la route est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Météo – Le temps serait plus chaud cet été

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La saison estivale pointe son nez. Le bulletin saisonnier de l’été, établi  par la direction générale de la météorologie, annonce un temps chaud. L’été sera chaud. Les températures moyennes seront « nettement » supérieures à la normale sur une bonne partie de l’île en ce mois de novembre et au mois de décembre, selon le […]

L’article Météo – Le temps serait plus chaud cet été est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Tennis – Circuit Africain U14 Grade 3 Étape 3 de Maurice : Mahefa et Tefy Ranja terminent demi-finalistes

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Une remarquable adversité. La délégation malgache en lice à la seconde étape du circuit africain U14 grade 3 qui se poursuit ce jour sur les courts du tennis club de Petit-Camp à Maurice n’aura pas de représentant en finale. La meilleure performance de l’armada malgache de treize joueurs est venue de Mahefa Rakotomalala et de […]

L’article Tennis – Circuit Africain U14 Grade 3 Étape 3 de Maurice : Mahefa et Tefy Ranja terminent demi-finalistes est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

La Réunion – Baisse des cas de dengue

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Pour la première fois depuis plusieurs la fin septembre, La Réunion est repassée sous la barre des dix cas hebdomadaires de dengue confirmés. Mais la vigilance de tous doit se maintenir pour éviter une reprise de l’épidémie à l’arrivée de l’été austral. Du 21 au 27 octobre, ce sont sept cas de dengue qui ont […]

L’article La Réunion – Baisse des cas de dengue est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Élection communale – « Safidy » souhaite plus de votants

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Assurer une élection communale transparente dans le respect de la démocratie et des lois électorales. Ce n’est qu’ainsi que les résultats seront acceptés par tous. C’est pour atteindre cet objectif que l’observatoire des élections Safidy (Sampana fanaraha-maso ny fifidianana ivon’ny demokrasia ifarimbona) ne cesse de sensibiliser les citoyens à prendre leur responsabilité et de rester vigilants […]

L’article Élection communale – « Safidy » souhaite plus de votants est apparu en premier sur L'Express de Madagascar.


          

Revolta contra Igreja Universal gera morte e crise diplomática na África

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Foto Divulgação

A crise, que envolveu chefes de Estado africanos, mobilizou congressistas brasileiros e o Itamaraty, pode resultar na expulsão da Iurd de São Tomé e Príncipe, uma ex-colônia portuguesa insular com cerca de 200 mil habitantes no oeste da África.

O imbróglio teve início em 11 de setembro, quando um pastor são-tomense da Universal foi preso na Costa do Marfim, acusado de ser o autor de mensagens que denunciariam supostos abusos da igreja contra funcionários africanos.

Segundo a Iurd, que havia denunciado as mensagens à polícia marfinense, os textos continham “mentiras absurdas e calúnias” sobre a igreja, divulgados por aplicativos de conversas e por um perfil falso no Facebook.

O são-tomense preso, Iudumilo da Costa Veloso, virou pastor da Universal em seu país natal, mas foi transferido há 14 anos para a Iurd da Costa do Marfim. Nove dias após ser detido, ele foi considerado culpado pelas mensagens e condenado a um ano de prisão.

Os textos atribuídos a ele acusavam a Iurd de privilegiar pastores brasileiros e discriminar clérigos africanos. Segundo os posts, a Universal impedia muitos pastores africanos de se casar ou os obrigava a fazer vasectomia para que não tivessem filhos — assim, poderiam se dedicar integralmente à igreja.
O autor também acusava bispos e pastores brasileiros de se apropriar de dízimos recebidos pela igreja, além de “humilhar, insultar, esmagar e escravizar os (pastores) africanos”.

O autor conclamava os funcionários locais a se insurgir contra a igreja. “Éramos muito pacientes, humildes demais, educados demais. Agora é hora de agir sem piedade!”, diz um dos textos, em francês, língua principal da Costa do Marfim.

Veloso confessou à polícia a autoria das mensagens. A defesa do pastor diz, no entanto, que ele é inocente e foi induzido a assumir a responsabilidade na expectativa de ser solto.

Mulher grávida

A notícia sobre a prisão do pastor chegou a São Tomé e Príncipe com a mulher do religioso, Ana Paula Veloso. Em entrevistas e posts nas mídias sociais, ela disse que, dias após a prisão do marido, foi obrigada pela Universal a deixar a Costa do Marfim às pressas, embora estivesse grávida e quisesse permanecer no país.

Afirmou, ainda, que a igreja não ofereceu qualquer auxílio jurídico ao pastor. Veloso foi expulso da Iurd após a prisão.

Os depoimentos da mulher se espalharam e geraram revolta entre muitos são-tomenses, para quem a Universal havia orquestrado a prisão de Veloso para impedir a divulgação de denúncias contra a igreja. Já a Iurd afirma que apenas acionou a polícia marfinense por ser vítima de um crime, mas que foram as autoridades locais que o identificaram e puniram.

Morte em protesto

Em 16 de outubro, centenas de manifestantes vandalizaram e saquearam seis dos 20 templos da Universal em São Tomé. Eles exigiam que a Universal negociassem com autoridades marfinenses a soltura de Veloso e seu retorno ao país natal.

A Polícia Militar interveio, e um manifestante são-tomense de 13 anos morreu baleado. O nome do jovem não foi revelado.

O produtor cultural são-tomense Nig d’Alva, que estudou administração de empresas em Fortaleza, diz à BBC que a revolta “foi a gota d’água de decepções que algumas pessoas tiveram em relação à igreja”.
Segundo d’Alva, há “repulsa” em São Tomé e Príncipe quanto a uma postura da Universal que ele classifica como “segregadora”: ele diz que muitos fiéis da Iurd deixaram de conviver com outras pessoas “porque a igreja diz que são mundanas, que não são cristãs o suficiente, e isso cria um ódio.”
Esse descontentamento, segundo ele, se somou a uma reação nacionalista contra detenção na Costa do Marfim “de um filho da terra sem que houvesse uma resposta do estado são-tomense e da própria igreja”.

Por mais que considere legítima a causa dos manifestantes, o produtor cultural diz que o movimento foi impulsionado pela oposição são-tomense, que aproveitou a revolta para golpear o governo e acusá-lo de ser submisso perante a igreja.

“Parte das pessoas metidas nas manifestações foi induzida ao erro. Só isso explica terem chegado a esse nível de violência, de queimar carros, como se só assim fossem resolver a situação.”
Pedagogia do empreendedorismo

Autora de vários artigos sobre a presença internacional da Iurd, a cientista social Camila Sampaio, professora da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, diz que igreja teve êxito em países africanos ao pregar uma “pedagogia do empreendedorismo”.

Nessas nações, diz ela, muitas famílias egressas do meio rural encontraram na Iurd ensinamentos práticos sobre como se portar no “novo universo urbano”.
“A igreja diz ‘vou te ensinar como ser uma mulher moderna, trabalhar fora e cuidar do marido’, ou ‘vou fazer você prosperar, vou te ensinar a abrir um negócio e ser melhor que o do vizinho’. As pessoas se sentem contempladas nesse discurso”, afirma.
Sampaio afirma que a igreja também soube se articular com figuras importantes dos países onde atua. Em Angola, por exemplo, a igreja tem entre seus fiéis altos dirigentes do MPLA, partido que governa o país desde 1975.

Segundo a professora, a expansão da Universal pela África atende a dois objetivos da igreja: ampliar o número de fiéis e ocupar um espaço simbolicamente importante para os seguidores brasileiros.
“Eles se orgulham de dizer que estão em vários países africanos, e os fiéis brasileiros gostam de ver a igreja fazendo obra na ‘terra da feitiçaria,” diz Sampaio.

Esses fatores explicariam, segundo Sampaio, o engajamento da cúpula da Iurd para conter uma crise em um país pequeno e considerado pouco relevante diplomaticamente.
Outro motivo seria o medo de que a revolta afete a imagem da igreja e se espalhe por outras nações.
Em 2013, a Universal foi suspensa temporariamente em Angola após 16 pessoas morrerem pisoteadas num culto da igreja.

Oito anos antes, a Justiça de Madagascar proibiu as atividades da igreja após a entidade ser acusada de queimar bíblias e outros objetos religiosos num culto.

Via BBC Brasil


          

Appel à participation « mes élèves en font de belles ! »

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Les professeurs de français sont invités à participer à un concours vidéo. L'ambition est de donner à voir les réalisations d'élèves ou bien les professeurs en action (théâtre, bandes-annonces, slam, poésie, maquettes, etc.).

- Toutes les actualités /
Source : La France à Madagascar (https://mg.ambafrance.org)
          

Missions consulaires

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- Tamatave du 11 au 15 novembre 2019
- Tuléar du 25 au 29 novembre 2019

Formez vos demandes de passeport et/ou de carte d'identité !

- Toutes les actualités /
Source : La France à Madagascar (https://mg.ambafrance.org)
          

La France officialise sa contribution au projet d'appui au processus électoral à Madagascar

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Monsieur Christophe Bouchard, Ambassadeur de France à Madagascar, a officialisé mercredi 30 octobre, une nouvelle contribution de son gouvernement au fonds commun du projet SACEM (Soutien Au Cycle Électoral de Madagascar), pour l'appui à l'organisation des élections municipales et communales.

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Source : La France à Madagascar (https://mg.ambafrance.org)
          

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World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 [EN/AR/ES/FR/ZH]

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Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bangladesh, Brazil, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

Global trends and challenges

More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.

Humanitarian needs are increasing despite global economic and development gains. In the past decade, the world has made profound development progress. Between 2008 and 2015, the number of people living in extreme poverty fell from 1.2 billion to 736 million. The world is also richer than ever before: global GDP rose from $63.4 trillion in 2008 to $80.7 trillion in 2017.
But in recent years, more than 120 million people each year have needed urgent humanitarian assistance and protection. There are more crises, affecting more people, and lasting longer today than a decade ago. Most humanitarian crises are not the product of any single factor or event, but of the interaction between natural hazards, armed conflict and human vulnerability.

People’s vulnerability to crises is not just about where they live, but also about how they live.
Poverty, inequality, population growth, urbanization and climate change can erode people’s resilience and make them more susceptible to shocks. Although development gains are being made, progress has been uneven. The rate of extreme poverty remains high in low-income countries and in countries affected by conflict. Crises have disproportionate consequences for the poor: people exposed to natural hazards in the poorest nations are at least seven times more likely to die from them than those in the richest nations.

Fragile and conflict-affected areas are growing faster and urbanizing more rapidly than the rest of the world

In the past five years, the world’s population has grown by 400 million people, from 7.2 billion in 2014 to 7.6 billion in 2017. Although global population growth has slowed compared with previous decades, the rate has been uneven. Today, an estimated 2 billion people live in fragile and conflict affected areas of the word, where they are extremely vulnerable to the impact of conflicts and disasters. This number is projected to increase, as the population in these areas is growing twice as fast as the rest of the world, with an annual growth rate of 2.4 per cent, compared with 1.2 per cent globally. And the urban population in fragile areas grows by 3.4 per cent each year, compared with the world average of 2 per cent. These trends can compound resource scarcity and increase vulnerability to disasters. Urban population density can also amplify the impact of disasters and conflicts. In 2017, when explosive weapons were used in populated areas, 92 per cent of casualties were civilians, compared with 20 per cent in other areas. The populations of countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence are also younger than the global average. Whereas the proportion of the world’s population under 14 years of age has been steadily declining to about 25 per cent today, the average for countries in fragile situations is 40 per cent. As a result, one in every four children in the world is living in a country affected by conflict or disaster, facing threats of violence, hunger and disease. In 2017, more than 75 million children experienced disruptions to their education because of humanitarian crises, threatening not only their present well-being, but their future prospects as well.

More people are being displaced by conflicts

By the end of 2017, war, violence and persecution had uprooted 68.5 million men, women and children around the world – the highest number on record, and nearly 10 million more people than in 2014. Just over 40 million people were internally displaced by violence within their own countries, and 25.4 million refugees and 3.1 million asylum seekers were forced to flee their countries to escape conflict and persecution. The levels of new displacements far outstrip returns or other solutions. In 2017, 5 million people returned to their areas or countries of origin, but 16.2 million people were newly displaced – an average of one person displaced every two seconds, and the highest level of new displacement on record.

The rise in forced displacement is not the result of an increase in conflicts. In fact, after peaking in 2014, the number of political conflicts worldwide decreased by about 10 per cent, from 424 in 2014 to 385 in 2017, although there are still more conflicts compared with a decade ago (328 in 2007). However, during the same period, the proportion of violent and highly violent conflicts, which are more likely to cause human suffering, destruction and displacement, increased from 53 per cent to 58 per cent of all conflicts worldwide.5 The total economic impact of conflict and violence has also increased, from $14.3 trillion in 2014 to $14.8 trillion in 2017.6 The major share of both the human and economic cost of conflicts is borne by developing countries, which host 85 per cent of refugees.


          

World: U.S. Agency for International Development Administrator Mark Green's Remarks at a "Celebrating World Humanitarian Day" Event

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Source: US Agency for International Development
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brazil, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Mexico, Myanmar, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, United States of America, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

For Immediate Release
Monday, August 20, 2018 Office of Press Relations
Telephone: +1.202.712.4320 | Email: press@usaid.gov

Center for Strategic and International Studies
Washington, DC
August 20, 2018

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Good morning, everyone. Thank you, Dan, for that kind introduction and thanks to all of you for being here to help mark this very important occasion.

As we begin, as we call it in Congress, I'd like to start with a point of personal privilege. I'd like to take this opportunity this morning to express our sadness over the death of Kofi Annan. He was a giant who has spent his entire life advocating for peace, and the for the protection of humanitarian workers, something that we'll be talking about today. As he so often said, "People, not states, should be at the center of what we do." His passing makes this World Humanitarian Day even more poignant.

This morning, on behalf of USAID, I hope to convey two important messages to all of you. The first is, as Dan was alluding to, relates to the rapidly-evolving nature of humanitarian relief and assistance.

The second, as we mark this day, is simply our deep, deep admiration and gratitude for the many heroes of our humanitarian work. They, and many of you, are truly extraordinary and heroic.

I have to say that before I joined USAID, I didn't really appreciate the scope and range of what it is that we do in our humanitarian work. You can see it in some of the numbers. In 2017, USAID responded to 53 crises in 51 countries. For only the second time in our agency's history, we had six DART teams, Disaster Assistance Response Teams, deployed simultaneously around the world. The first time that happened was the preceding year.

At this very moment, we have pre-positioned resources and experts in just about every part of the world. We have seven emergency stockpiles in places like Djibouti, South Africa, and Malaysia. We have full-time response staff in 30 countries. We have six regional offices and 11 adviser offices, located with partners like the military's combatant commands.

One of my most vivid memories from my first year as Administrator was, essentially, a crash course in how some of this works. One day, during last year's UN General Assembly meetings, we received word of a terrible earthquake, the second one that had struck Mexico City. One evening that week, I was walking down the street between back-to-back dinners with two different mobile phones: one with the White House, one with the DART team leader.

I was dodging pedestrians, I'm sure looking ridiculous, while the disaster professionals were helping me navigate something much more serious: how to rapidly mobilize an emergency response team to Mexico City to help our neighbors to the South respond to its second earthquake in just a few weeks' time.

The government said to us that they'd welcome the assistance of a highly-specialized type of international search and rescue team, something really hard to find, especially in a hurry. But, thanks to the White House, our talented team here in D.C., our network of first responders, and the DOD, we were able to transport and stand up just such a team in Mexico City before breakfast the next morning. I'm honored to be part of a network, which includes many of you, that can make something like that happen.

But, as we gather to mark World Humanitarian Day this year, we have to acknowledge that natural disaster responses no longer epitomizes today's humanitarian work. We still do that, to be sure, and I think we do it well. But, these days, we face vast other challenges all around the world.

Our humanitarian resources are increasingly being deployed, not for storms and quakes and the like, but for man-made disasters, from conflict-driven displacement to tyranny-driven economic collapse.

Our DARTs are more likely to be deployed for those types of crises, and by far, most of our humanitarian assistance dollars are being allocated for those kinds of needs. There's the ongoing tragedy in Syria, a horrific conflict in its seventh year and one of the most complex crises of our time. Over 13 million people, more than 80 percent of the current population, need humanitarian assistance. There's the ongoing struggle in Afghanistan, where 3.3 million people need humanitarian assistance. A recent upturn in violence has claimed 1,700 civilian lives this year alone.

A dozen or so years ago, I travelled to Afghanistan as a congressman. And, in those days, our presence was measured by the tens of thousands of military boots on the ground. These days, we still have some troops there, but our boots on the ground are increasingly humanitarian and development workers, some of whom have been back to work in Afghanistan two, three, and even four times.

Nine hundred aid workers have been killed in Afghanistan in the last decade.

There's South Sudan, the most dangerous place of all for humanitarian workers. Seven million people in South Sudan, including 1 million living on the brink of famine, depend on international assistance just to survive.

Then there are the man-made crises far closer to home. One of the most underreported catastrophes in the world today is what's happening in and around Venezuela. More than 2.3 million Venezuelans have already fled. It's the largest single mass exodus in the history of the Western Hemisphere. And it's ongoing. I saw this first hand when I visited Cucuta, in Colombia, and the Bolivar Bridge last month. Five thousand new migrants enter Colombia each and every day. They're desperately seeking food and emergency medical care. They're seeking survival.

This isn't merely Colombia's challenge. Venezuelans are fleeing to places like Brazil and Ecuador, as we read over the weekend, and northward to the Caribbean. The list of man-made, conflict-caused, and regime-driven humanitarian crises goes on and on. After all, there are roughly 70,000,000 displaced people in the world today.

Since humanitarian needs and crises are changing, we're doing our best our to change and to respond to them, with the best tools and ideas that we can find. We're applying lessons learned over and over again. And we're fostering innovation.

This past February, USAID and our British cousins, DFID, joined in launching the first-ever Humanitarian Grand Challenge. The Grand Challenge mechanism is a way for the world's best thinkers, from organizations large and small, for-profit and non-profit, business, academia, to offer new ideas in helping (inaudible) relief to the most vulnerable, hardest to reach communities in the world.

It's a chance for us to identify and invest in the best and the brightest. We've already received 615 applications from 86 different countries, including a third from women and nearly half from lower and middle income countries. We're excited to see and mobilize the results, and they're due out this fall.

Given how much of our humanitarian response is in conflict zones and fragile states, we're paying more attention than ever to the obstacles and challenges that factions, gangs, militias, and corrupt officials are throwing at relief teams. Case in point. In April of this year, a leading humanitarian agency reported that it had encountered no fewer than 70 checkpoints on the 300-mile trip from Aden to Sanaa, in Yemen. I'm sure those were just helpful citizens offering directions along the way.

But it's the kind of situation that caused us to launch the Strengthening Field Level Capacity on Humanitarian Access and Negotiations program last August.

It's aimed at helping relief team members better understand practical negotiation techniques and safe, effective field-level decision making.

Because there is nothing more important to us, nothing more important to me, than the safety and security of our humanitarian network, that's the area that we're especially focusing on. We must stay ahead of threats and potential threats. So we're supporting organizations dedicated to improving security standards and training for NGO staff. We're modifying our policy so that security, costs for equipment, staff, training and site enhancements can be more easily built into your contracts and grant budgets.

We're investing in new tools to help us map and minimize risk to operations at the most basic level, the level of, for example, moving food from a plane to a truck, to a warehouse and distribution center. But, let's face it: we can take every possible step to minimize risk. We can't make it go away.

And many of you here know that all too well. One of the most inspiring and humbling parts of my job is getting to meet the heroes who know the risks but carry on just because they care.

I saw firsthand, when I visited IDP camps just outside of Raqqa. I heard stories of challenges that humanitarian heroes face each day, as they strive to bring water and food and medical care to those who've been victimized by the years of conflict. With Assad's regime still holding sway in parts of the country, there's no real, legitimate government partner with whom to work. And their path is riddled with unexploded ordinance, which is going off at the rate of, roughly, three dozen per day.

The shelters they sleep in at night shake with the dropping of bombs each and every day. And yet, somehow, because of their commitment to others, they wake up the next morning and they do it all over again. These are the heroes that we hold high this World Humanitarian Day.

People like Iraq's Salam Muhammad. When Anbar and Kirkuk were liberated from ISIS at the end of last year, humanitarians were the first ones on the ground, providing food, water, and medical care. Iraq staff with the U.S.-funded NGO spend their days clearing mines and educating their neighbors about the dangers the ordinance poses.

Salam decided to joint this particular NGO after witnessing several tragedies that left some of his relatives and friends injured, or killed. He was one of the NGO's first recruits in Iraq. Every day is challenging for the de-miners; any accident can be fatal. But Salam and his staff love their jobs and show up for work every day filled with passion because they know what they're doing matters.

There's Jay Nash, a regional adviser who has lived and worked for USAID in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for the past 20 years. The DRC is, as you know, no stranger to aid worker attacks, with 210 people being killed, wounded, or kidnapped since 2000.

In 1999, while visiting a university in the DRC, Jay was ambushed by a mob of students who thought he was a spy for neighboring Rwanda. The mob torched the U.S. embassy vehicle he had been driving, but Jay escaped after a group of brave students made a ring around him, guarding him until they were able to duck him into the girls' dormitory.

Sitting in that dorm, trapped for hours with a mob threatening to break down the doors, Jay said he had one thought: he thought of the children with disabilities that he was helping in his free time. DRC has a higher than average rate of disability. And he thought to himself, if he died in that girls' dorm, who would take care of those kids?

After eight hours, he made a run for it, and he didn't look back. Not only did he stay in DRC working for USAID, in 2001, he started his own NGO called StandProud. It provides treatment and equipment to young people with disabilities, helping them gain dignity, mobility, and independence.

There's Fareed Noori, one of the victims of last month's attack on a government building in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. The blast killed 15 people. Fareed had been working in Afghanistan since 2010 for a USAID partner the International Rescue Committee, as a water, sanitation, and hygiene engineer. As his colleagues noted, whenever there was an emergency, Fareed was the first in the field to help with whatever was needed.

Fareed was in an emergency meeting at the time of the attack. He was killed doing the work of helping others, to which he had committed his life. Fareed leaves behind four children, two girls, two boys, all under the age of 9.

Another victim of that attack was Bakhtawara; it's a pseudonym, a bright and impressive 22-year-old woman. She was working for the International Organization for Migration, another USAID partner. She had married very early and had a child by the age of 16. But, despite being a young mother in a conservative community, she fought for her education and learned English. After school, she knew she wanted to help people. She convinced her family to let her, not just get job, but get a career as a humanitarian.

When her husband was killed in a bombing three years ago, she continued working as a 19-year-old single mother. Her job took her to the very government offices that were often targeted by insurgents. On the day she was killed, she was attending one of the meetings that she had hoped would help her find better ways to deliver aid to people in need. The building was bombed and then overrun with gunfire. She died doing what she focused her life on, helping people build a brighter future.

Extremist insurgents in Afghanistan like to target these workers. There's a special place in hell...

There's the story of the seven aid workers killed in South Sudan in March of this year. They were killed when their car was ambushed along the 185-mile route of the badly rutted roads in South Sudan's remote east. Their vehicle had been labeled as belonging to an NGO right down to the license plates. It didn't matter. Six of the seven worked for a small Sudanese NGO called the Grass Roots Empowerment and Development Organization, GREDO, which is supported by USAID and worked to promote sustainable development at the grassroots level.

Three of the victims were helping to build a youth center. Two taught English. One was also a driver and the father of a newborn. Three were new recruits. Humanitarian heroes, one and all. And there were thousands of others. And I stand in awe of what they do.

Final thoughts. Why do they do it? What causes them to go out and take these risks? I learned the answer, and (inaudible), when I visited Bangladesh and Burma with Secretary Pompeo earlier this year. In Bangladesh, I went to a Cox's Bazaar, and I saw the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya who are barely surviving in that camp.

They are vulnerable to monsoons and cyclones and without the humanitarian workers, life would be very different. It's bad enough already.

And then I went to Burma, and I travelled to an IDP camp near Sittwe. And what I saw there was the most disturbing thing I have ever seen in development. I saw young families trapped. I saw young families unable to go to school and completely dependent upon the emergency food assistance that we provide.

So, those workers take the risks because they are all that is standing between an even worse catastrophe and death in these young people, these victims. Today we celebrate them. Thank you.

MODERATOR: Thank you. (inaudible) I'm also the director of the Humanitarian Agenda, as Dan mentioned, which is what this event is a part of, it's a new partnership as as we have this conversation. Firstly, I want to ask you -- well, one, congratulations; it's been about a year now since you've been appointed, and you've been back one year? So, happy anniversary.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Pretty close. Thank you -- ask my staff.

MODERATOR: (inaudible) We're all very happy that you were chosen to be in this position because, as Dan alluded to, your deep background in international developments. One of the things that you said a lot in this position is talking about, "The purpose of foreign aid is to end the need for its existence." It's one of your key messages that we hear time and time again. So, I want you to elaborate on sort of how that squares with humanitarian assistance. Right? There's a big difference of international developments for, you know, economic growth and being self-reliant. But humanitarian assistance is so often, as you mentioned, driven by tyranny and regimes, and it's about saving lives. So, how do you marry those two?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off you're right. What I've said since the day that I was first announced is that the purpose of our foreign assistance must be ending its need to exist. And what I mean by that is, we should look every day at ways of helping people take on their own challenges. Not because we want to do less or walk away, but because we believe in human dignity, and we believe in the innate desire of everyone -- every individual, every family, every community, every country -- to want to craft their own bright future.

In the area of humanitarian assistance, what I always say is, look, we will always stand with people when crisis strikes because that is who we are, that is in the American DNA. But at the same time we'll also look for ways to foster resilience so that we can help countries and communities withstand future shocks. And we've seen promising results in places like Ethiopia. You mentioned on the food security front, Ethiopia's a country that's had six consecutive years of drought and yet not falling into full famine. And that obviously is about much more than the work we're doing, but I think we're making a difference in helping Ethiopians build their ability to withstand consecutive years of drought.

So, I see the two as fitting very well together, and the other piece to it is, on the humanitarian front, again, we have natural disasters and man-made disasters. The man-made disasters are coming at us fast and furious. It's also about preventing the next generation of crisis and conflict. I'm often asked what it is that keeps me up at night, and what keeps me up at night are our children being born in camps, and growing up in camps, and getting educated in camps. And when, God willing, the walls come down and the gate opens up, the question is, are those young people going to be prepared to take on the challenges of the world? Are they connected to the communities around them?

And so with the humanitarian work that we do in many of these places, it's really aimed towards the future. And so I think it fits in well; it's a longer term of view, but I see them -- really is all going in the same direction.

MODERATOR: I'm actually headed out to Nigeria in a few weeks and doing some research looking at Feed the Future portfolio there, but really looking at the nexus between that humanitarian and development assistance, you know, how that would work in an unstable environment. So, I'm anxious to see what I learn from that as well. You know, the Trump administration has called for reduction, of course, of U.S. foreign assistance, but, regardless of that, the U.S. continues to be -- and dominate as the largest donor worldwide.

When you're talking to your colleagues in this administration, what is it that you talk about in terms of why it's so important for us to sustain this leadership? I mean, I could throw out numbers and I'll do a little bit.

In 2018, the U.S. pledged 29 billion foreign assistance. Five billion of that was dedicated to humanitarian assistance. I was looking this morning at how that compares to others, and, I mean, the UK -we're event twice what they do. So, you know, we're such a leader in this space. Why is that so important? Why should we dedicate American tax dollars or more importantly to cleaning up other people's wars?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off, you're correct; we're far and away the world's humanitarian leader, and, quite frankly, two or three or four of them together don't really add up to what we're doing. We need other countries to do more because, with those challenges that I laid out, those man-made challenges, I don't see an end in sight, quite frankly, in any of them. So, these are open-ended challenges, and while we are proud to be the world's leader, we need others to step up to the plate. I will tell you, what I worry about is, because these man-made disasters, man-made, often regime-driven disasters, because they are open-ended, there's a real risk that it will begin to take up so much of our budget that it threatens our ability to do some of the development investments that we all want to do, including quite frankly, some of the resilience work that we want to do.

So, we do need others to step up to the plate. But in terms of, you know, what I say to the rest of the administration, it's not a hard cell, you know, pushing them to open a door. The administration is very supportive of our humanitarian work; we continue to be the world's leader; that's not going to change. And I think it's really -- the arguments for it fall on a number of different fronts. Number one, this is an expression of American values. This is who we are and always have been. It is a projection of the American spirit, in my view. So, I think that is very much alive and well in the American psyche, in the American DNA.

But secondly, it's in our interest. Just take for a moment the assistance that we're providing to Colombians, supporting Venezuelans who have fled the border, doing the same thing in some other countries. There is great American self-interest in supporting the ability of these communities to withstand this migration, to help afford some of those costs, because the instability that results from not being able to provide support, I think, is an issue, is a diplomatic issue, is a national security issue. And, as you heard me mention, I think particularly what is happening in the Western Hemisphere is completely underreported.

When I was at the Summit of the Americas, I heard from a number of countries, including Caribbean states, that they were starting to feel the presence of Venezuelans fleeing. And while they're all supportive of their neighbors, clearly it's not without a cost. But the same thing is true in many other parts of the world. So, the investments that we make on the humanitarian front are oftentimes in our self-interest. I look at the work that we're doing on the humanitarian front with an eye towards providing a lifeline so that those who've been displaced in parts of the Middle East can return. That's in our interest. That's a stated foreign policy priority. So, you know, yes, there is certainly -- I think the morality that we -- the expression of values that we've always supported. But I also believe it's in our interest and our national security interest.

MODERATOR: And thank you for reminding us in your speech about humanitarian heroes and what World Humanitarian Day is about. You talked about the unfortunate situation that in today's crises a lot of the time aid workers are targeted specifically. So, I want to ask you whether you feel like there's an erosion of international humanitarian law over, you know, that you talked about the evolution of humanitarian assistance. And so as the world gets more and more disorderly, we see more and more protracted conflicts. Do you feel that both governments and non-state actors alike are violating this law, and is there anything that we can or should be doing more I guess, particularly from the donor or U.S. government perspective, to hold them more accountable?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off, we in the U.S. demand adherence to international law, international humanitarian law. So, we demand that unfettered access is provided, for example, in Rakhine, in Northern Rakhine in Burma. So, that's always been important for us. But if you're asking whether some non-state actors like ISIS are breaking international law, yeah. Having been to both Raqqa and Northern Iraq, what has been done there by ISIS is truly evil. There is simply no other word to describe what they've done: the desecration of graves, the desecration of churches, the disappearances of Yazidis. It's staggering and truly evil. Of course they are breaking every standard that we all know.

Yes, it is a challenge to international law; one of the best ways that we can respond is to say that, and to say it often, and to keep coming back to it. Because I do think the American opinion matters. And to say all across the political spectrum here in this country that we stand united and demand adherence to those standards and that what is happening is unacceptable.

MODERATOR: You brought up demanding unfettered access. I want to let our audience know that the Humanitarian Agenda will be going to the capitol this fall, and we're focusing specifically on the issue of humanitarian access. You brought up, of course, in Yemen, that's 70 choke hold points that David Miliband also talked about when he was here in Yemen -- in April on Yemen. I also want to say we're publishing a policy piece on Yemen here at CSIS that will come out this week.

I have many more questions, but I think we'll turn to the audience, so that we can engage them as well. So, if you have a question, please raise your hand. We will take it in rounds of threes, so announce yourself and where you're from. Please keep it concise, and at the end of it, there should be a question mark. So, who has a question? Yes, sir, right over here. Thanks, gentlemen.

QUESTION: I'll ask a real fast question, my name is Rob, I work for USAID, thank you, sir. My question is about the environment, I'm just back from the Congo, where Ebola is happening and I was just in Madagascar where there was a plague outbreak. A lot of the disasters you talked about have an environmental component, and we're doing some in the United States, but some people think we really need to do more, and that's a little bit against maybe some people in the administration, so I would love for you to talk about your thoughts about that.

MODERATOR: Great question. More? Let's do Julie Howard right there.

QUESTION: Thank you. Mr. Administrator, thank you for your comments. Could you comment on the recent story in the Washington Post about the potential pullback of $3 billion in foreign assistance funds and how that may affect our ability to respond to humanitarian as well as the resilience opportunities you described?

MODERATOR: And, Julie, will you introduce yourself for those that don't know you?

QUESTION: Sorry?

MODERATOR: Would you introduce yourself?

QUESTION: Oh, yes, okay. So, I'm a non-resident senior adviser here at CSIS, thank you.

MODERATOR: Julie and I are also going to be travel partners when I go to Nigeria. It's actually Julie that is leading that study. Let's take one more question right back here. Yes, thank you.

QUESTION: Hi, my name's (inaudible) a reporter from Voice of America. There are a number of humanitarian assistance and also food aid to North Korea spended by the United States Government. What are the key principles that all the United States Government providing assistance to North Korea and under which scenario can assistance to North Korea be resumed?

MODERATOR: Thank you.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Sure.

MODERATOR: Easy questions, right?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: On North Korea, simply put, there have been no discussions that I'm aware of regarding assistance into North Korea. I certainly haven't been part of any such discussions.

Secondly, on the pullback, while we haven't received official notification of anything, I've heard of nothing that would change our status as the world's leader in humanitarian assistance. I haven't seen anything. Third, on -- first off, it's interesting that you visited Ebola country and you talked about conservation, because their linked, obviously.

I think that's one of the reasons we've seen the outbreak of Ebola in other formerly, entirely rare diseases in some of the areas where we've seen deforestation and such. What we're trying to do at USAID, many of you are aware, we're developing metrics that are aimed at helping us to better understand a country's capacity and commitment in a number of sectors, and conservation's one of them.

So, we're looking at things like biodiversity and how resources are managed, because we think it's important, and it's something that we hope to be able to incentivize in the future and have conversations around. I have a personal interest in the conservation front and as you know, we recently made some announcements regarding assistance to Colombia and helping them in their natural resource management. So, I think it's an important area that shouldn't be divorced from the rest of development.

We think it is one of those key areas that needs to be assessed and looked at as we help countries, in what we call, as you know, probably ad nauseam as I talk about the journey to self-reliance. One of those areas is, in fact, conservation, biodiversity, and the capacity to manage resources.

MODERATOR: Let's take another round of questions. Raise your hand high. Joel?

QUESTION: Joel (inaudible) from Norwegian Refugee Council, thank you Administrator Green for your excellent remarks. I'm afraid I have to follow up on the rescission question. We're not going to let you off so easily.

What's been reported is that there's going to be a cut of a billion to UN peacekeeping operations, and that has the potential to not only disrupt work in South Sudan and Somalia and the Congo, but it also has the potential to disrupt, through further chaos in refugee flows, neighboring countries that we care about that are our allies, such as Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, and so on.

I guess -- the argument is that, even if USAID itself doesn't lose funding or doesn't lose out through the rescission, the work will lose out, I feel, if this really goes ahead. So, if you could just offer more thought on -- I mean, you said you're pushing on an open door when it comes to international work, and, honestly, it's not always obvious to see that from the outside. Thank you.

MODERATOR: Thanks, Joel. Let's do these two right here in the front, Haley, yep.

QUESTION: Thank you. Hi, good morning. Nicole (inaudible), I'm a senior associate here at CSIS. Thank you, Administrator Green, for your great comments. You mentioned briefly -- you touched on young people and so, given the disproportionate (inaudible) of people in these countries and how often humanitarian crises can disproportionately affect children and young people, can you talk a little bit more about some of the focus that you're keeping in these initiatives and on the work that you're doing to remedy the situation for youth? Thanks.

MODERATOR: Great, and I think there was a question right behind you if there still is, yeah.

QUESTION: Hello, my name is Jessica (inaudible), and I'm a Jeane Kirkpatrick Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. You mention in your remarks about the man-made nature of a lot of the ongoing conflicts, and I was wondering if you could speak to USAID's role not only in providing humanitarian response in that context, but also the active role that the agency is taking in countering and preventing ongoing violent extremism.

MODERATOR: Great question.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: That's a great question. Joel, on the budget front, I really don't have much more that I can provide. Part of it is I'm not attempting to duck, I just literally don't have more, I'd refer you to OMB quite frankly. But again, you know, they is simply looking at the numbers of the last year and what we're doing on the humanitarian front. There is simply no argument that we have backed away from our role as the world's leading humanitarian assistant. Just objectively, we are far and away the largest humanitarian donor.

We're the largest humanitarian donor in Syria; we're the largest humanitarian donor in conflict after conflict. I do think it is fair for all of us to talk about how it is that these resource needs can be met in the future. I don't mean just the immediate future, but the open-ended nature of these conflicts and this instability and this displacement is staggering.

It is what worries me, because these conflicts that we're seeing -- South Sudan; Yemen -- you and I have talked about Yemen a great deal in recent months. It's open-ended, and I do worry about that. I do worry about our ability to meet resource needs and, you know, the world meeting these resource needs. They're significant.

On the question of young people, particularly in displaced settings, we are looking at a number of ways of accelerating crisis situation education, conflict community education. We've received generous support from Congress, along with generous directives from Congress, in the area of education. What we've been trying to do, and Congresswoman Lowey has long been a great leader on this front, is to try to make sure that we are able to prioritize these crisis needs, and I do think that it's a crisis. It does worry me a great deal.

So, we're looking at some of the use of innovative technologies to see if that can help us in these settings, but it is a very focus and as we develop our basic education strategy going forward, I think you'll see a particular focus on those areas, because it is, as you suggest, very important for the future.

In terms of preventing violent extremism, we have, as you know, an important role under the National Security Strategy. We are investing in trying to identify the drivers of violent extremism.

One of my strong beliefs that comes, actually, from my time at International Republican Institute is that we shouldn't jump to conclusions and try to draw global assumptions and lessons. Instead, we need to look at local drivers. Experience shows us that it's often local drivers, community drivers that become flashpoints for extremism. And so, we're certainly investing research there, and some of the preventative tools that are there; from my days as an Ambassador in Tanzania, I often point out that after the terrible bombing, embassy bombing, the work that we did with our Tanzanian partners in the wake of that, to take on some of the drivers of poverty and despair, I believe was an important down payment for preventing violent extremism. So, I'm a big believer in tackling those drivers and tackling that which can lead to despair. So, that will always be a key part of our work.

MODERATOR: Mr. Green, at Davos this year, you talked about the importance of tapping into the creativity of the private sector, and how innovative financing mechanisms and other innovative technologies can really create better development outcomes. In your speech today, you talked about the Humanitarian Grand Challenges. Are there any specific companies or partnerships or technologies that you're most excited about right now. The things that you see that are happening in the field, you've been in in this career -- I mean, you've had a career for decades that are all related to development --

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Don't say decades.

MODERATOR: Okay, sorry -- you're very young. The last year that you've been an administrator, what are the -- what are the cool, new technologies that we should know about, that are out there, that the mainstream audience has no idea how we're delivering (inaudible) humanitarian assistance?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Yeah, I mean, to be honest, there are countless. During global innovation we -- which we had last fall, whenever it was, and I had a chance to walk through the marketplace at the Ronald Reagan Building, and take a look at some of the innovations. Everything from lunchbox-size solar batteries allowing us to power work in refugee and displaced persons camps to some of the weather forecasting stations that are created with 3D printers. You go through there and it's extraordinary. And it fills you with great hope for our ability to reach out and touch more people in more settings than ever before. In the area of financing -- we announced in India last fall, the world's first Development Impact Bond for maternal and child health, and the largest development impact bond of its kind. So, what we did through that is to set outcomes that we needed to see in order to repay the investment, but in terms of the means, we turn the private sector loose.

And in the follow-up conversations that we had, you can see that our partners, some of whom are based here in D.C., were terribly excited. Because for the first time they didn't have us micro-managing each step along the way, but saying, "Look, these are the outcomes that we need, you go get them." And really tapping into the private sector, nonprofit and for-profit. Also, in the area of displaced communities on World Humanitarian Day, the use of biometrics to establish identification of refugees and IDPs as well as some of the digital technologies for delivering resources -- assistance so that recipients have modest purchasing power in surrounding communities, thereby not only providing assistance, not only holding onto human dignity and allowing them to make some decisions, but also providing a tangible benefit to those host communities which are often placing a disproportionate burden by those who are there. So, it -- it's really using business principles, human nature, and I'd like to say there are new technologies, but my kids will tell me very quickly they're old technologies, just new to someone like me. Tapping into these, I think, creates enormous, enormous hope for reaching into places we haven't before.

MODERATOR: I want to continue on that "hope" trend for a minute. So, you know, when you think about the crises, many of which are located in Syria, Yemen, in South Sudan --

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Is that the whole part?

MODERATOR: Now, I know. Well, this is where I'm kind of heading with this. Is there a crisis that you have your eyes on that you do see any reversal in terms of reversal trends, or any progress? Is there a place that you do think we're going to be able to see some positive outcomes in the next -- I should say decade there, because I know it takes time. But is there one that you see not going the wrong direction?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Oh, sure. There are lots of promising stories. I think Ethiopia and Eritrea provide tremendous hope. One of the challenges, again, as an old democracy guy, one of the challenges that I saw was the enabling environment, for civil society and NGOs in a place like Ethiopia, and with the transition to a new government, we're having conversations that we didn't have before, in ways that I think will be very helpful. Also, I think that their willingness to partner with us more and more will help us make some investments in those areas -- in those resilience areas that will not only help Ethiopia and Eritrea, but also, quite frankly, I think will save us money in the long run. So, there are lots of stories like that, I think all around the continent of Africa and elsewhere. But there are -- every hopeful story is replaced by a new challenge. None of these challenges are inevitable, as problems. But they do require us to be innovative. They do require us to be engaged, they do require us to invest up front, and to be innovative in those procuring methods and how we partner. All of those things need to be done if we're going to turn -- either prevent the challenges from becoming crises, or turn problems into solutions.

MODERATOR: Thank you. I lived in Ethiopia for three years, and I have to say it's quite exciting to see the change that's happening there. I'd like to just turn it onto -- are there any more burning questions? No hands are shooting up; let's do one more right here in the front.

QUESTION: Hi, this is Chris (inaudible) with the State Department. Thank you so much for your leadership of USAID and development. I have a question regarding the nexus between humanitarian assistance, you've been mentioning the nexus with conflict development stabilization -- how does humanitarian assistance fit in, or is it just a one piece element that is disassociated from political issues?

MODERATOR: Great, and as you answer that and any other final remarks you'd like to make as well.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Sure. Thank you and again, thanks to all of you. So I think from the National Security Strategy, you see -- also the Stabilization Assistance Review, you see, I think, a clear multi-agency, multi-department approach to many of these challenges. Our relationship with the State Department is as close as it's ever been. I've received nothing but support and affirmation from Secretary Pompeo. We are working, as you know, closely because all of these challenges touch each of us in different ways and we each have different capacities.

You know, I think it's probably never been more clear than in a place like the Burma-Bangladesh crisis. So, you know, when Rohingya in one place their IDPs and when they're in another place, they're refugees, and then of course we all look at that and say, "forget the labels, they're people who we need to help out," and invest in, and so we do. Also, I would say that both State and AID have as close of a working relationship with DoD as we've had in a very long time. As many of you know, we have a couple dozen detailees over at the Pentagon and the Combatant Commands. DoD has made it clear that they don't want to do what we do or State does, and we certainly don't want to do what they do. So, I would think those seamless teams and close communications are helping us. And going back to the budget question, they have to; there's not enough money for duplication. There's not enough money for bureaucracy. We just have to stay in constant communication.

As to (inaudible) final remarks, I really would like to leave off with where my remarks, my opening remarks left off -- or left off. On this World Humanitarian Day, I would ask that we all think of those men and women who are in places in far places in world, in conflict zones, in fragile settings, day after day, delivering emergency medical assistance, food assistance, water and hygiene under the most trying of circumstances, difficult security situations. They do it because they care. They're my heroes. I'm sure they're your heroes. They are patriots. And what a wonderful expression of values and our priorities that with what they're doing each and every day. Thank you.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #3, 10 April 2018

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia

KEY MESSAGES

↗ International prices of wheat and maize rose in March for the third consecutive month and averaged more than 10 percent above their levels in December 2017. Prices were mainly supported by concerns over the impact of prolonged dryness in key-growing areas of the United States of America and Argentina, coupled with strong demand. International rice prices remained relatively stable.

↗ In South America, severe dry weather and strong demand underpinned the domestic prices of grains in key exporting country, Argentina, while the price of yellow maize spiked also in Brazil in March.

↗ In East Africa, in the Sudan, the strong upward surge in prices of coarse grains faltered in March but they remained at record or near-record highs, reflecting the removal of the wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the local currency.

↗ In Southern Africa, in Madagascar, prices of locally-produced and imported rice declined in February from the record highs reached in January with the harvesting of the minor season paddy crop and following an appreciation of the Malagasy Ariary.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #2, 9 March 2018

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

KEY MESSAGES

↗ International prices of wheat and maize increased further in February, mainly supported by weather-related concerns and currency movements. Export price quotations of rice also continued to strengthen, although the increases were capped by subsiding global demand for Indica supplies.

↗ In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, continued to increase in February and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of the wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.

↗ In Southern Africa, in Madagascar, prices of rice hit record highs at the start of the year, as a result of tight supplies following a sharp drop in the 2017 output to a substantially below-average level and a weaker currency.

↗ In West Africa, prices of coarse grains continued to generally increase in February and reached levels above those a year earlier despite the good harvests gathered in late 2017, due to a strong demand for stock replenishment, coupled with localized production shortfalls and insecurity in some areas.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #11, 11 December 2017

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Key messages

↗ International prices of wheat and maize remained relatively stable in November, reflecting good supply conditions, while export quotations of rice strengthened amid increased buying interest and currency movements.

↗ In East Africa, prices of cereals in November continued to decline in most countries with the ongoing 2017 harvests and were at levels around or below those a year earlier with a few exceptions. By contrast, in the Sudan, prices surged and reached record highs in some markets, mainly underpinned by the sharp depreciation of the Sudanese Pound in the parallel market.

↗ In Central America, after the sharp increases recorded in the previous month, prices of white maize eased in November as market flows returned to normal, after disruption caused by severe rains in the previous month. Good domestic availabilities kept prices at levels below those a year earlier.


          

World: Education in Emergencies - ECHO Factsheet

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Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

Key messages

Education is lifesaving. Education is crucial for both the protection and healthy development of girls and boys affected by crises. It can rebuild their lives; restore their sense of normality and safety, and provide them with important life skills. It helps children to be self-sufficient, to be heard, and to have more influence on issues that affect them. It is also one of the best tools to invest in their long-term future, and in the peace, stability and economic growth of their countries.

Education in emergencies actions can help prevent, reduce, mitigate and respond to emergency-related academic, financial, social, institutional, physical and infrastructural barriers to children's education, while ensuring the provision of safe, inclusive and quality education.

In 2017, the EU dedicates 6% of its annual humanitarian aid budget to education in emergencies, one of the most underfunded sectors of humanitarian aid. In 2018, this amount will increase to 8%.

4.7 million girls and boys in 52 countries have benefited from EUfunded education in emergencies actions between 2012 and 2017.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #10, 10 November 2017

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Key messages

  • The benchmark US wheat price declined in October mostly because of higher supply prospects while maize quotations firmed due to rain-induced harvest delays. International rice prices strengthened in October, mainly reflecting seasonally tight Japonica and fragrant supplies.

  • In East and West Africa, cereal prices declined in October with the 2017 ongoing or recently-started harvests. However, concerns over crop outputs and civil insecurity kept prices at high levels in some countries, particularly in Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Sudan.

  • In Central America, heavy rains in October led to unseasonal increases in maize and bean prices. They remained, however, at levels well below those a year earlier as a result of adequate domestic supplies, following the overall good outputs in 2016 and the 2017 first season harvests.


          

World: FPMA Bulletin #9, 10 October 2017

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Eswatini, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Key messages

  • International prices of wheat increased in September mostly because of weather-related concerns, while maize quotations fell further on crop harvest pressure. International rice prices remained generally firm, supported by seasonally tight availabilities of fragrant rice and strong demand for higher quality Indica supplies.

  • In East Africa, prices of cereals remained at levels above those of a year earlier in most countries, particularly in Ethiopia reflecting seasonal tightness amid concerns over the impact of the Fall Armyworm infestation on the main harvest and in South Sudan mainly due to the ongoing conflict.

  • In Asia, prices of rice in Bangladesh increased again in September and reached record highs, with seasonal patterns exacerbated by the reduced 2017 main season output and concerns over the impact of the July-August floods on the second season crop, to be harvested from November.


          

Coral Expeditions adds Zanzibar, Madagascar and more

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Coral Expeditions has revealed three new itineraries as part of the maiden voyage series of the new-build Coral Geographer during February, March and April 2021. Sailings will explore Zanzibar, Madagascar and Cocos and Christmas Islands.

The post Coral Expeditions adds Zanzibar, Madagascar and more appeared first on LATTE Luxury News.


          

This Day in WWII 5 November 1940 - 1944

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Lockheed Aircraft Corp. Ad - Nov. 1942 1940: Armed merchant-cruiser Jervis Bay sunk by pocket-battleship Admiral Scheer in attack on Atlantic convoy. 1940: Roosevelt is elected as President of USA for an unprecedented third term with 54 percent of the popular vote. He defeats Republican Wendell L. Willke. *June Duprez 1941: Japanese war plans agreed on at an imperial conference, with a deadline of December 1941. The US ambassador to Tokyo, Joseph C Grew, warns that war might come very suddenly. 1942: The British attack Rommel's rearguard, which is now almost 100 miles to west of El Alamein. A peace treaty is signed in Madagascar with the Vichy French. June Duprez 1943: The US Fifth Army reaches the Sangro river in southern Italy. 1943: China's Wang Chingwei, Thailand's Wan Waithayakon, Manchukuo's Chang Chinghui, Burma's Adipadi Ba Maw, India's Subhas Chandra Bose, and the Philippines Jose Laurel attend the "Greater East Asia Family Conference" of November 5-6, 1943 in Tokyo. The Filipino delegate urges the Asian quislings to "extend all possible material and spiritual support to Japan." 1943: US Navy carrier planes cripple a Japanese Naval Squadron at Rabaul, forcing six cruisers (Atago, Maya, Chikuma, Mogami, Takao, and Suzuya) to withdraw North to Truk for repairs. Camel Cigarette Ad - November 1942 1944: 174 Lancasters of No. 5 Group, RAF, breach the Dortmund-Ems Canal, one of Germanys main transport arteries. 1944: The German 4th Army recapture the town of Goldap in East Prussia. June Duprez 1944: British forces land at Salonika, in Greece. 1944: U.S. planes pound the harbor at Manila in the Philippines and also destroy 249 Japanese aircraft. June Duprez *June was born in Teddington, England during an air raid on May 14, 1918. Her father, Fred Duprez, was an American vaudevillian who found stage and film work in England. She herself picked up an interest in performing and eventually joined the Coventry Repertory Company to gather the necessary stage experience. She made her film debut as an extra in 1935. June married at a young age and her career was initially encouraged by her first husband, a Harley Street doctor. But once she started flirting with stardom, he became increasingly envious and possessive and their marriage fell apart. True enough, her sultry and exotic appearances in such British films as "The Spy in Black" (1939), "Four Feathers" (1939) and, especially, Alexander Korda's "The Thief of Bagdad" (1940) made a star out of her and she was quickly ushered to Hollywood to capitalize on this newly-found fame. Although she stayed in America throughout WWII, both Korda and June's agent set her price too high -- at $50,000 per picture. This pretty much put her out of contention and she found herself working very little in the next few years. Her most notable American picture during that time was "None But the Lonely Heart" (1944) opposite Cary Grant. June subsequently left Hollywood in 1946 and discovered a few roles on the Broadway stage. She retired altogether when she married for a second time in 1948 to a well-to-do sportsman. They had two daughters but divorced in 1965. June lived in Rome for a time, then returned to London to live out the remainder of her life. She died on October 30, 1984 at age 66 following an extended illness. Lockheed Aircraft Corp. Ad - Nov. 1943
          

Malgache Francais Dialecte Tainala Sud Est De Madagascar Avec Recherches Etymologiques Philippe

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Malgache Francais Dialecte Tainala Sud Est De Madagascar Avec Recherches Etymologiques Philippe
          

Droit De La Protection De La Nature A Madagascar Entre Centralisme Et Consensualisme Ianjatiana

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Droit De La Protection De La Nature A Madagascar Entre Centralisme Et Consensualisme Ianjatiana
          

Time to review costly tax exceptions in Madagascar

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Alors que le gouvernement malgache met la dernière main à son « Plan émergence » dans le but de stimuler une croissance robuste, durable et plus inclusive, il doit répondre à une question cruciale : comment financer l’augmentation des investissements prioritaires et des dépenses sociales tout en préservant la viabilité budgétaire ? Le gouvernement envisage actuellement différentes mesures, notamment l’accélération de la déclaration et du paiement en ligne de l’impôt, l’amélioration du fonctionnement de l’administration fiscale et la réduction de la délinquance fiscale. Toutefois, ces efforts seront probablement insuffisants pour entraîner une hausse du ratio impôts/PIB d’un point de pourcentage par an, comme le prévoit aujourd’hui le gouvernement.

Une stratégie plus ambitieuse visant à accroître la mobilisation des ressources intérieures sera donc nécessaire, ce qui suppose un examen approfondi des abattements et des régimes fiscaux préférentiels, qui réduisent de près d’un quart les recettes de l’État chaque année. Pour un pays tel que Madagascar, dont la capacité de recouvrement des impôts est l’une des plus faibles au monde, il s’agit d’un énorme manque à gagner. Plus concrètement, le montant total des dépenses fiscales de 2018 équivaut au coût de construction de 3 375 bâtiments scolaires ou de deux écoles primaires dans chaque commune.

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Part des dépenses fiscales

Quelles sont les principales dépenses fiscales de Madagascar ?

En 2018, pas moins de 447 mesures fiscales ont été recensées pour un montant de 1 099,3 milliards MGA, soit 2,7 % du PIB. Les exonérations sur les ventes locales et les importations de riz représentaient 45,3 % des dépenses fiscales de cette même année, suivies de celles sur les ventes et importations de médicaments (13,2 %) et des exonérations accordées aux activités minières (12,8 %) (Figure 2). La liste de ces dépenses comprend également de nombreuses exonérations occasionnelles en faveur de bénéficiaires privilégiés, ce qui ouvre souvent la voie à la fraude fiscale. Par exemple, des sociétés s’enregistrent abusivement en tant qu’entreprises de transformation dédiées à l’export afin d’être exemptées de redevances, et des importateurs produisent des déclarations frauduleuses pour bénéficier de franchises de droits sur les importations de riz ou d’autres denrées de base. Les dépenses fiscales ont rarement été supprimées, quelles qu’aient été l’évolution de la conjoncture économique et les priorités stratégiques du pays.

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Répartition des dépenses fiscales en 2018, par objectif

Les dépenses fiscales remplissent-elles leurs objectifs socioéconomiques ?

En fait, personne ne peut répondre avec certitude à cette question, puisqu’il n’existe pas — ou très peu — d’évaluations de l’impact réel des dépenses fiscales sur leurs objectifs socioéconomiques. Or, les circonstances justifiant la création d’incitations fiscales évoluent dans le temps, ce qui nécessite de les réexaminer régulièrement. Le cas de l’exonération de TVA et des droits d’importation sur le riz, qui est de loin la source la plus importante de dépenses fiscales, est très représentatif. Le prix international du riz a baissé de plus d’un tiers depuis l’instauration de l’exonération il y a dix ans, mais l’impact de la mesure sur les consommateurs et sur le secteur rizicole national dans le cadre de cette évolution n’a pas été évalué de manière transparente. Une telle analyse révélerait probablement qu’un réexamen d’une partie des exemptions fiscales dans le secteur du riz pourrait inciter les producteurs locaux à augmenter leur offre commerciale et à investir dans des méthodes de production plus efficaces, sous réserve que l’accès aux marchés et les chaînes de valeur soient améliorés en parallèle. Cela contribuerait à accroître les revenus et la sécurité alimentaire des plus pauvres, tout en dégageant d’importantes ressources fiscales pour investir dans la connectivité et la résilience. Il faut noter à cet égard que 83 % des ménages dans le secteur agricole participent à la production de riz, mais seuls 20 % de cette production est commercialisée aujourd’hui. La production agricole par habitant est ainsi nettement inférieure aux niveaux observés il y a dix ans.

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Production agricole par habitant

De même, les preuves du bénéfice net des incitations fiscales dans le contexte des zones franches industrielles pour l’exportation sont limitées. Les entreprises opérant dans les secteurs d’exportation à Madagascar citent en général la disponibilité et l’accessibilité économique des intrants ainsi que l’accès préférentiel aux marchés d’exportation comme les facteurs déterminants de leurs choix d’investissement, bien avant les incitations fiscales (Figure 4). L’expérience d’autres pays suggère que ces incitations ne peuvent à elles seules contrebalancer un climat des affaires défavorable et le manque d’infrastructures. Elles ne sont efficaces que dans la mesure où les incitations s’accompagnent de réformes structurelles ambitieuses pour améliorer le contexte d’investissement et résorber les déficits d’infrastructure.

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Facteurs d’attractivité de l’investissement dans le secteur textile

Que faire pour améliorer l’efficacité des dépenses fiscales ?

Les exemples ci-dessus plaident pour l’amélioration de la gestion des dépenses fiscales afin d’accroître leur efficacité et d’éviter que des recettes fiscales indispensables soient détournées aux dépens d’investissements prioritaires. Une analyse coût-bénéfice plus systématique et transparente permettrait de cerner les mesures inefficaces absorbant des ressources qui seraient mieux investies dans la construction de routes, d’écoles ou dans les services de santé.

L’édition d’octobre 2019 de la note de conjoncture économique à Madagascar recommande l’application de principes clés pour améliorer la gestion de ces dépenses. Rappelés ci-dessous, ces principes offrent l’avantage de faciliter la tâche de l’administration fiscale, de réduire les risques de fraude et de favoriser le traitement équitable des opérateurs privés.

Simplicité : la politique fiscale doit rester simple et toutes les réglementations en la matière doivent figurer dans le Code général des impôts.  

Analyse coût-bénéfice : toute nouvelle décision d’octroi d’une exonération doit être étayée par une analyse coût-bénéfice positive. En outre, des examens périodiques doivent être effectués pour évaluer l’atteinte des objectifs correspondants. 

Transparence : toute dépense fiscale doit être fondée sur la législation fiscale, et les coûts et bénéfices doivent être évalués et communiqués ex ante et ex post. Les critères d’éligibilité et le processus d’octroi doivent être clairement définis.  

Limite dans le temps : il convient de privilégier les dépenses fiscales temporaires plutôt que les exonérations permanentes.  

Auteurs

Marc Stocker's picture

Marc Stocker

World Bank’s Country Economist for Madagascar

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Drought parches southern Africa, millions faced with hunger

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JOHANNESBURG (AP) — An estimated 45 million people are threatened with hunger by a severe drought strangling wide stretches of southern Africa.

Emergency food deliveries are planned for parts of South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe and other countries hard hit by a combination of low rainfall and high temperatures.

"We are witnessing millions of already poor people facing extreme food insecurity and exhausting their reserves because of compounding climate shocks that hit already vulnerable communities hardest. They need help urgently," said Nellie Nyang'wa, southern Africa director for the international aid agency, Oxfam.

"The scale of the drought devastation across southern Africa is staggering."

Parts of Zimbabwe have had the lowest rainfall since 1981, contributing to making more than 5.5 million at risk of extreme food insecurity, Oxfam said in a report released Thursday.

Zambia's rich maize-growing area has been hit hard and exports are now banned; 2.3 million people there are food-insecure, according to Oxfam and the Zambia Red Cross. The drought is also worsening food availability in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar and Namibia, Oxfam said.

Southern Africa has received normal rainfall in just one of the past five growing seasons, which particularly hits the small-scale farmers who depend on rain for their crops, the U.N. World Food Program said last week. The U.N. food agencies plan to distribute emergency food aid to 11 million people in the coming months.

Two cataclysmic cyclones hit Mozambique, Zimbabwe and other southern African countries early this year, wiping out crops of maize and other staple crops. Without normal rainfall, subsistence farmers are hard-pressed to recover from the destruction caused by the tropical storms.

"The successive mixture of...


          

Toliara Project Government of Madagascar statement from Australia in the group Base Resources Limited

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Et Voyages Des Plantes Cultivees A Madagascar Avant Le Xvie Siecle Philippe

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Et Voyages Des Plantes Cultivees A Madagascar Avant Le Xvie Siecle Philippe
          

Mão de turista desparecido é encontrada dentro de tubarão

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Tubarão tigre (Foto: Getty Images)

 

Acredita-se que um turista escocês desaparecido no último sábado tenha sido comido por um tubarão, depois que uma mão usando seu anel de casamento foi encontrada nesta quarta-feira na barriga da fera.

De acordo com o jornal The Sun, o homem de 44 anos desapareceu enquanto nadava sozinho na ilha francesa de Reunion, perto de Madagascar. "Quando ele não voltou, sua esposa tocou o alarme e uma busca completa foi iniciada, envolvendo barcos e um helicóptero. Mergulhadores vasculharam um recife de coral na área e também havia patrulhas em terra envolvendo cães farejadores. Infelizmente, o homem não foi encontrado", disse uma fonte ao jornal.

Nesta segunda, um tubarão-tigre foi morto porque estava nadando perto de praias turísticas e acreditava-se ser uma ameaça às pessoas. Ao abrir o animal, autoridades descobriram a mão em sua barriga. 

Testes de DNA serão realizados para confirmar a identidade, mas cientistas do Centro de Segurança em Tubarões da CSR foram informados de que o anel de casamento "estava em conformidade com o identificado pela esposa do homem", disse a fonte.

Os tubarões-tigre têm um recorde atrás apenas dos tubarões-brancos por ataques a humanos, mas pode ser que o homem tenha se afogado e seu corpo tenha atraído os peixes.

A natação e outras atividades aquáticas são fortemente restringidas na ilha devido ao alto risco de ataques de tubarões. Isso acontece depois que dois britânicos foram atacados por um tubarão na Austrália, quando mergulharam na popular costa de Whitsunday, em Queensland, na semana passada.

Alistair Raddon, 28, teve seu pé direito arrancado e Danny Maggs, 22, também foi violentamente atacado em Airlie Beach.

Enquanto estava deitado em uma ambulância aérea, Danny Maggs sorriu e acenou para as câmeras depois de ter sido arrancado em segurança após o ataque aterrorizante.

O helicóptero de resgate levou os dois praticantes de snorkel ao Mackay Base Hospital em estado grave. Em maio, um surfista de 28 anos teve sua perna arrancada por um tubarão e seu corpo foi encontrado mais tarde flutuando no porto de Saint-Leu.


          

Mobile in Madagascar

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Passport Sunday 360 Video Today, for you awesome Passport Members, I have a new 360 video when I am taking photos in Madagascar! Exploring Madagascar While on a 4-hour road trip in Madagascar, we stopped for lunch in some random town. I recorded a quick video here to show you a little bit of what […]


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