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Egypt accedes to the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants

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Egypt deposited its instrument of accession to the UPOV Convention on November 1, 2019, and will become the seventy-sixth member of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) on December 1, 2019. The purpose of UPOV is to provide and promote an effective system of plant…
          

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A trip down Egypt's famous river is still a classic travel experience

          

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Find out the best spots to snap amazing shots in Egypt's capital city.

          

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CNN Travel explores El Gouna, one of best spots for kitesurfing in Egypt.

          

Ancient Egyptian 'cat mummy' preserved in French museum has three tails and five hind legs

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CT scans of the mummy reveal that the ancient wrappings contain three tails and five hind legs. There is also a ball of textile in place of a head.
          

Barrage sur le Nil: trois pays se donnent jusqu'à début 2020 pour trouver un accord

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Barrage sur le Nil: trois pays se donnent jusqu'à début 2020 pour trouver un accord Admin FCE 07 nov. 2019 - 00:30

Les ministres des Affaires étrangères de l'Egypte, du Soudan et de l'Ethiopie, réunis mercredi à Washington, se sont donné jusqu'à janvier 2020 pour trouver un accord sur un projet d'immense barrage sur le Nil Bleu qui suscite des tensions entre leurs pays.

Les émissaires ont été reçus par le président américain Donald Trump, qui a dit vouloir "aider à résoudre la dispute ancienne concernant le barrage éthiopien de la Renaissance, l'un des plus grands au monde, qui est en train d'être construit".

"La rencontre s'est bien passée", a-t-il tweeté avant que les discussions ne se prolongent sous la houlette du secrétaire américain au Trésor Steven Mnuchin.

A l'issue de ces nouvelles discussions, les trois pays se sont engagés à organiser "quatre réunions techniques gouvernementales au niveau des ministres de l'Eau", selon un communiqué commun publié avec les Etats-Unis et la Banque mondiale, qui participeront à ce processus en tant qu'observateurs.

"Les ministres se sont aussi engagés à travailler pour aboutir à un accord d'ici le 15 janvier 2020", avec des points d'étape à Washington le 9 décembre et le 13 janvier prochains, selon leur communiqué.

"Si aucun accord n'est conclu d'ici le 15 janvier 2020, les ministres des Affaires étrangères sont convenus d'invoquer l'article 10 de la déclaration de principes de 2015", ont-ils ajouté.

Cet article stipule qu'en cas d'échec des négociations au niveau ministériel, la balle passe dans le camp des chefs d'Etat ou de gouvernement, ou qu'une "médiation" externe peut être sollicitée.

Le Caire craint que la construction du grand barrage de la Renaissance (GERD), entamée en 2012 par l'Ethiopie, n'entraîne une réduction du débit du Nil Bleu, fleuve dont l'Egypte dépend à 90% pour son approvisionnement en eau.

Les discussions entre ces deux pays et le Soudan, par lequel passe aussi le fleuve, sont bloquées depuis neuf ans.

L'Ethiopie a annoncé que le gigantesque barrage de quatre milliards de dollars devrait commencer à produire de l'électricité d'ici fin 2020 et serait complètement opérationnel d'ici 2022.

L'Egypte cherche à obtenir une médiation internationale sur le GERD, censé devenir la plus grande centrale hydroélectrique d'Afrique avec une production de 6.000 mégawatts.

Le Caire demande un minimum annuel garanti de 40 milliards de m3 --ce à quoi l'Ethiopie n'a pas donné son accord-- et évoque un "droit historique" sur le fleuve, garanti par une série de traités.

Le Nil Bleu, qui prend sa source en Ethiopie, rejoint le Nil Blanc à Khartoum pour former le Nil qui traverse le Soudan et l'Egypte avant de se jeter dans la Méditerranée.

191106232335.jjzb1vo5
© 2019 AFP
07 nov. 2019 - 00h25

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Barrage sur le Nil: Trump assure que les discussions se passent "bien"

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Barrage sur le Nil: Trump assure que les discussions se passent "bien" Admin FCE 06 nov. 2019 - 20:50

Le président américain Donald Trump a affirmé mercredi avoir mené des discussions productives avec des représentants de l'Egypte, du Soudan et de l'Ethiopie concernant un projet d'immense barrage sur le Nil Bleu qui suscite des tensions entre les trois pays.

Le Caire craint que la construction du grand barrage de la Renaissance (GERD), entamée en 2012 par l'Ethiopie, n'entraîne une réduction du débit du Nil Bleu, fleuve dont l'Egypte dépend à 90% pour son approvisionnement en eau.

Les discussions entre ces deux pays et le Soudan, par lequel passe aussi le fleuve, sont bloquées depuis neuf ans.

"Je viens d'avoir une rencontre avec des haut-représentants de l'Egypte, de l'Ethiopie et du Soudan pour aider à résoudre la dispute ancienne concernant le barrage éthiopien de la Renaissance, l'un des plus grands au monde, qui est en train d'être construit", a tweeté M. Trump.

"La rencontre s'est bien passée et les discussions vont se poursuivre durant la journée!", a-t-il ajouté, sans autres précisions.

L'Ethiopie a annoncé que le gigantesque barrage de quatre milliards de dollars devrait commencer à produire de l'électricité d'ici fin 2020 et serait complètement opérationnel d'ici 2022.

L'Egypte cherche à obtenir une médiation internationale sur le GERD, censé devenir la plus grande centrale hydroélectrique d'Afrique avec une production de 6.000 mégawatts.

Le Caire demande un minimum annuel garanti de 40 milliards de m3 --ce à quoi l'Ethiopie n'a pas donné son accord-- et évoque un "droit historique" sur le fleuve, garanti par une série de traités.

Le Nil Bleu, qui prend sa source en Ethiopie, rejoint le Nil Blanc à Khartoum pour former le Nil qui traverse le Soudan et l'Egypte avant de se jeter dans la Méditerranée.

191106194831.eakkg0yd
© 2019 AFP
06 nov. 2019 - 20h49

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Volume exceeded 15,000 tonnes for mango exports

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Egypt's exports of mangoes continue to grow, with increased production and the opening of new markets contributing to this performance.
          

Aly & Fila - Future Sound of Egypt 623 (2019-11-06)

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Aly & Fila - Future Sound of Egypt 623 (2019-11-06)

Исполнитель:Aly & Fila
Название: Aly & Fila - Future Sound of Egypt 623 (2019-11-06)
Жанр: Trance
Год выпуска: 2019
Количество треков: 01 (no *.cue)
Время звучания: 120 Min
Формат: mp3, mixed
Качество: 320kbps | 44.1 kHz | Stereo
Размер: 275 MB
          

الحرب المتجمدة في مصر (2)

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هناك لحظات مدوية: انظروا إليَّ، افهموني. طالبة يطردها أستاذ جامعي من قاعة الدراسة تصيح: "هورِّيك" ويرد الأستاذ بسوقية "مينفعش توريني هنا قدام الطلبة". يضحك الطلاب. شرٌّ محكم! في مصر التي يمثلها هذا الأستاذ، تعلن السوقية عن نفسها بوقاحة. نجح النظام في أن ينشر نظرته لمن هم خارجه كـ"أغيار" بين الجموع. يتم القضاء عمداً على المشاعر الإنسانية الفطرية باحترام الآخرين والتعاطف معهم في سبيل ضمان القضاء على أي تفاهمات يمكن أن تتشكل من خلالها مقاومة محتملة لسيطرة هذا النظام. ليست هناك علامة دالة على النجاح الساحق للقمع أكثر من أن يصل المجتمع لنقطة لا تحتاج فيها السلطة لأن تتدخل من أعلى لحكمه والهيمنة عليه، بل يقوم أفراد وقطاعات بممارسة تلك الهيمنة بالنيابة عن النظام في أوساط مواطنيهم. هذه هي النسخة الأحدث من الحرب المتجمدة في مصر.

عقب مذبحة رابعة، أصبح انقسام مصر إلى ثلاث جبهات أكثر وضوحاً. على جانب لدينا "السيساويون" (مؤيدو السيسي) الذين حازوا السلطة والقوة والوحشية. على جانب آخر، المعسكر الإسلامي، وهو بين قتيل وسجين ومطرود وهارب إلى دول أقل قسوة. وأخيراً لدينا العلمانيون الواقفون مصدومين من دولة ينغلق عليها باب تَشَكَّل من خليط قبيح من الفاشية والشمولية. في وجود جانب يكشر عن أنيابه، وآخر ملقى في السجون أو هارب، وثالث تجمد على وضع الصمت الذليل، لا أحد يضع المكابح في طريق العربة المسرعة نحو الهاوية.

في عام 2012، فاز مرسي بمقعد الرئاسة بنسبة 51.7% من الأصوات. كان تعداد المصريين قد تجاوز التسعين مليوناً في ذاك الوقت، وعدد جدير بالاعتبار قرر التصويت لمرشح الإخوان المسلمين. لذا، فعندما – بعد سنة واحدة أو يزيد قليلاً- دعا الحاكم الفعلي للبلاد عبد الفتاح السيسي جماعة الإخوان المسلمين بـ"الجماعة الإرهابية"، ثم إعلانها رسمياً "منظمة إرهابية" قبل نهاية ذلك العام، وَصمَت مصر أربعين مليوناً من مواطنيها (من صوتوا لمرسي) بأنهم إرهابيون.

كيف يمكن التحرك في سبيل بناء أمة وتحقيق الأمن وخوض الحوار في ظل هذه البنية؟ مع وصف نصف الأمة بأنهم أعداء، وجد المعسكران الآخران نفسيهما في مفترق طرق. ففي أي مبنى سكني يمكن أن يكون جارك قبطياً أو عضواً بجماعة الإخوان المسلمين ينتظر الاعتقال. أما السيساويون والعلمانيون فهم إما يجرؤون على التأييد أو يغرقون في الصمت.

"هل ترغب في الكشف عن الفساد؟ أهلا بك في الزنزانة، هناك متسع للجميع في سجون السيسي حيث سيتم انتهاكك جسدياً حتى لو كنت بحجم ومنصب هشام جنينة الرئيس السابق لأهم جهاز رقابي في مصر"
"لو أنك شاركت في الثورة، أو كنت من صناع الرأي أو مُتَبنّياً محتملاً لمبادئ التغيير، فهناك زنزانة جديدة في سجون السيسي مُعدّةً لاستقبالك: 19 سجناً جديداً تم إنشاءها في مصر وهناك المزيد قيد الإنشاء"

قبل أيام من مذبحة رابعة، زارت تلك الحرب المتجمدة عائلتي. في القاهرة، في شقة كثيرًا ما ترطبها نسائم النيل، في وقت مبكر من أغسطس 2013، اتجهت المناقشة بشكل منطقي إلى اعتصام ميدان رابعة العدوية. كان أقاربي، ومنهم المحامي والمهندس ورجل الأعمال وموظف بمجال مبيعات العقارات وربة منزل، جميعهم يؤيدون الثورة الوحيدة التي عرفتها مصر: 2011، كانوا يتناقشون في الشرفة، وينفثون دخان عدد لا يحصى من السجائر، وأنا معهم. سريعًا ما توصل هؤلاء الواقفون في الشرفة - بخلاف كاتب هذه السطور- إلى أنه يجب فض الاعتصام.

أحدهم ذهب إلى حد اقتراح "خليهم يفرموهم بالدبابات". وفهمت بوضوح: هذه الدولة لم تعد على حافة الهاوية، بل إنها تسقط سقوطاً حراً وهي تظن أنها تصعد وتنجو. انقبض قلبي عندما قال الشخص نفسه: "ممكن نقبل لحد 20 ألف قتيل. دا اعتصام غير شرعي". المذهل أن أحداً لم يعترض على هذا الطرح الإجرامي. هذا الرجل هو أحد أفراد عائلتي، وهذا ما جعل الأمر أكثر فظاعة.

هذا المشهد كان تمهيداً لما هو أسوأ.

خلال الأشهر التالية، شرخ هذا الانقسام الكثير من البيوت المصرية. قابلت العديد من النشطاء والمواطنين العاديين والمفكرين الذين تحدثوا عن مناقشات باردة وجافة خاضوها مع آبائهم وأخواتهم. السيسي على رأس مائدة المعسكر الأول، حَقَن المعادلة بالدماء. ما إن تعكر الدماءُ الجسدَ السياسي حتى يتمزق المجتمع. لا عودة إلى الوراء بعد قتل 1000 مصري خلال 8 ساعات. العديد من العلمانيين صرخوا أنها مقتلة دموية، ولكن هناك أعداداً أكبر من الكتاب والممثلين والمفكرين ظلوا على صمتهم. عندما واجهت ذلك الكاتب الشهير وجادلته في تأييده قرارات القتل لمجرد أنها صادرة عن الجيش، استخدم خاصية البلوك ليوقف النقاش. هذا البتر للحوار، هذا المنهج الذي يمكن تلخيصه في "لا أرى، لا أسمع، لا أتكلم"، يكلف مصر الكثير.

لو أنك شاركت في الثورة، أو كنت من صناع الرأي أو مُتَبنّياً محتملاً لمبادئ التغيير، فهناك زنزانة جديدة في سجون السيسي مُعدّةً لاستقبالك. بحلول عام 2016، كانت مصر قد شهدت بناء 19 سجناً جديداً، وهناك المزيد قيد الإنشاء. وأخذ النظام الحاكم على عاتقه مهمة ملئها بالأصوات الثورية المهمة مثل علاء عبد الفتاح وشادي أبو غزالة وأحمد دومة ومحمد أكسجين، وأخيراً انضمت إليهم إسراء عبد الفتاح والمحامية ماهينور المصري. كل سياسي جَرؤَ على التذمر وجد نفسه في ظلام الزنازين: سامي عنان وعبد المنعم أبو الفتوح اللذان كانا مرشحين رئاسيين، وانضم حازم عبد العظيم إلى الثوار خلف القضبان. هل تؤمن بالتغيير الديمقراطي؟ الاعتقال ينتظرك: زياد العليمي وكيل مؤسسي الحزب المصري الديمقراطي الاجتماعي سابقاً – كم هو مضحك ومثير للأسى اعتقاله وهو يحمل هذا اللقب- وحسام مؤنس وهشام فؤاد اعتُقلا بتهمة ارتكاب جريمة تشكيل تحالف ليبرالي يساري تحت اسم – ويا للسخرية- "الأمل"، يهدف للتنافس على مقاعد المجلس النيابي في الانتخابات المقبلة. لقد اعتقل السيسي الأملَ حرفياً.

هل ترغب في الكشف عن الفساد؟ أهلا بك في الزنزانة، هناك متسع للجميع في سجون السيسي حيث سيتم انتهاكك جسدياً حتى لو كنت بحجم ومنصب هشام جنينة الرئيس السابق لأهم جهاز رقابي في مصر.

من أساليب الاحتلال المعروفة كانت هناك دوماً خطة "فرِّق تسُد". الاحتلال الداخلي يستخدم هذا التكتيك، ويضيف إليه بهارات الاعتقال والقتل خارج نطاق القانون والرغبة الجنونية في السيطرة على الرأي العام.

ولكن الحصيلة النهائية المطلوبة هي الحفاظ على وضع الانقسام بين المصريين في ثلاثة معسكرات: السيساويين والإسلاميين والعلمانيين. لقد شهدنا خلال التظاهرات المفاجئة في 20 أيلول/ سبتمبر، أنه حتى الانخراط المخلص في معسكر تأييد السيسي لا يقيك شر الزنزانة، ويشهد بذلك حبس صحافي بعد ساعات قليلة من كتابته منشوراً على فيسبوك يهاجم فيه الدعوة للتظاهر ويعلن تأييده المطلق للسيسي.

لكن سواء كان الحبس احتياطياً أو بقرار قضائي، فإن الاحتجاز والقمع يمكنهما أن يفلحا في إسكات الناس بعض الوقت. فمع كون القبضة الحديدية تلْكمُ أحشاء المنتمين للمعسكرات الثلاثة - وإن كان ذلك بدرجات مختلفة – فإلى أي مدى قد يطول انتظارنا للانفجار المحتوم؟

شعاع الأمل الضئيل الذي أفسحت له الانتفاضة المصغَّرة في 20 أيلول/ سبتمبر، أشعل شيئاً في النفوس. كتب هذا المحلل على تويتر منذراً بلاعب جديد، "الجوكر المصري"، الذي تحدث عما أسماه بـ"السباع الجُدد" معلناً برنامجاً غير محدد الملامح للتدريب البدني والعقلي للدفاع عن البلاد ضد المخاطر. دعوته لبناء تلك الخلايا التنظيمية العنقودية جذبت أكثر من 80 ألف مهتم، هذه صيحة رقمية عالية في سبيل التغيير. سواء كانت صحيحة أم خاطئة، ويحمل لها أفقها نجاحاً أم فشلاً مدوياً، فإن أعضاء هذه "اللاحركة المنظمة" يبدو كأنهم يزدادون -على الأقل- عبر السوشيال ميديا، مهددين أدوات ممارسي القمع في الدول البوليسية مثل مصر. أعلنت تلك "اللاحركة" يوم أمس الثلاثاء يومًا لتنظيم أول تدريباتها العملية في الشارع المصري.

هناك مجموعات أخرى في الكواليس تحاول تنظيم نفسها، لكنها لا تحدث أي ضجيج. فلسنوات، تم تجفيف مصر تمامًا من أي حركة أو تنظيم سياسي. جميع الكوادر ذات الخبرة تشرذمت. وبرغم ذلك، وعد محمد علي هذا الأسبوع بمفاجأة ستخط كلمة النهاية لحكم السيسي خلال أسبوعين أو ثلاثة. النائب البرلماني أحمد الطنطاوي المحسوب على المعارضة، أعلن خطة إصلاحية من 12 بنداً للخروج من المأزق القائم، على الأقل لم تعد المياه راكدة كما كانت.

سيُهدم السد بلا معجزات. المواجهة ليست هدفاً في ذاتها، التغيير هو الهدف، وتحديداً التغيير الهيكلي. الحوار بين المعارضين والنشطاء والمفكرين يصل عادة إلى نتيجة محورية: "ليس بوسعنا أن نكرر أخطاء الماضي". لقد انتهت سذاجة الماضي ومثاليته وحلت محلهما واقعية متشائمة قاتلة. معارض بارز قال لرصيف 22: "هذه المرة قد تتسبب ثورة بمقتل 50 ألف إنسان".

الحقيقة يمكن أن تفوق الأعداد هذا الرقم. لقد أظهر السيسي تعطشاً للدماء، وربط بقاءه ووجوده بالقيادات العليا للجيش. بهذا، وبينما يغدق على تلك الطبقة بما لا يحصى من الأموال والقصور، يقامر السيسي على أن الأسلحة لن تستدير صوب صدره، بل صوب الناس عندما تحين ساعة الحساب.

مصر مقسمة منذ سنوات. ومن دون اعتراف بأهمية التحالف التكتيكي بين هؤلاء الذين لا يثقون بالسيسي، فإن المؤسسة العسكرية والبيروقراطية النفعية الفاسدة ستستمران في حكم البلد لسنوات.

ولكن إذا ذاب جليد تلك الحرب الكامنة، فسوف تقوم تلك الأمة الجديدة المتحدة بما يتعين عليها لكي تحيا هذه الدولة.


          

Welcome to Israel: Palestinians’ Ordeal at the Erez Crossing

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Without warning, Reham wakes up to the sound of her mobile ringtone at 3 am: after 60 days, the Israeli occupation authorities have approved her permit, she should proceed to the crossing in order to obtain her permit and travel."

Reham immediately jumped off her bed, proceeding to prepare her suitcase, announcing she was travelling with not time for the usual goodbyes – there is no time for that. After a last goodbye glance at her beloved mother, leaving behind her beautiful memories, she stopped a taxi and proceeded to the Beit Hanoun border crossing – known as Erez – in the north of Gaza.

29-year old Reham Saleh is a Palestinian girl who qualified for an academic scholarship to study media production and political science in Romania, determined to fulfil her dream of getting a Masters’ degree, despite the nightmare that Palestinians experience at Israeli-controlled border crossings.

"Boots, Laptops and Cameras are forbidden"

"Israel Welcomes You" the billboard welcomed Reham at the crossing, after she had succeeded in obtaining her paperwork and travel permit from a checkpoint controlled by the Palestinian Authority. However, her passing through the "welcome" banner was hardly the pleasant experience implied; instead, it entailed the most difficult scenes she could imagine – enough to remind her of the reality of her helpless country, and serving as a warning of the obstacles that she will face. For a second, she took to her imagination and asked herself: "What if this banner was replaced with 'Palestine welcomes you' – would it not have spared us much suffering?"

She barely processed this thought when she was interrupted by the voice of an Israeli officer calling her name: it was inspection time. With his index finger, he pointed at her bag, which appeared to hold a list of what he considered to be problematic and forbidden items, despite Reham only carrying her basic necessities and some shoes – winter in Romania was bitterly cold – in addition to a camera and a laptop. The officer started throwing her belongings outside her bag, and forbade her from taking her laptop and camera– the most important items that she needed for her work and studies; not yet satisfied, he proceeded to tell Reham in Hebrew: "Your suitcase cannot cross to Israel… it has wheels."

According to Reham, "this moment was sufficient to return me to stage zero" – she was overcome with despair and broke down in tears: for what else could she do – there was no time left, and the bus had filled with passengers.

Palestinians Destiny

It seems that being an estranged foreigner is the destiny for Palestinians wherever they may be – a reality that Reham stressed as she told her story to Raseef22. "After the Israeli officer refused to let my suitcase pass with me, I threw it outside, and carried my belongings in a small makeshift bundle. I remember then what had happened to my grandparents in the 1948 Nakba, and began spontaneously crying, until one of my fellow travelers came to calm me down, telling me that I had the option of buying a plastic bag which was sold specifically for those who experienced my problem – while another fellow traveler – a foreigner – agreed to carry my laptop and camera with him, until we exited the inspection checkpoints."

Mission Impossible

For Reham, the notion of leaving Gaza was almost an impossible mission; she received a travel permit after she was refused four times by the Israeli occupation, under vacuous excuses of "security reasons". Reham says: “I was in a race with time as the start of the term was approaching, all my colleagues had already begun their studies while I remained behind; I couldn't travel through the southern Rafah border crossing as my number was in the thousands – that is, my turn to cross the Rafah crossing would arrive in perhaps more than a year; furthermore, I didn't have enough money to pay for the exit taxes– so I decided to gamble by travelling through Erez crossing, despite my foreknowledge of the obstacles I would face, but I refused to surrender. The occupation authorities forced me to sign a pledge that I would not return to Gaza except after six months, in exchange for allowing me to travel to study."

After four rejections, Reham finally got clearance to leave Gaza via the Erez Crossing to fly from Tel Aviv to Bucharest, where she got a college scholarship. Her dehumanization at the Erez crossing bears witness to Israel’s policy towards Palestinians.
Israeli authorities added new items to the list of prohibited goods for those with travel permits: suitcases with wheels, cleaning materials, computers, electronic devices, phone chargers, food, beauty products, and certain types of shoes.

Reham experienced two contradictory feelings during her journey; her first, abject misery at the border crossing, and the second, her trivializing of the mentality of the Israeli occupation, which prohibited her from taking her favorite boots – what danger did those boots pose to Israel's security?

The population in Gaza lives in total isolation, separated from the outside world by two border crossings: the first, Rafah in the southern Gaza strip, under the authority of Egypt, and the second Beit Hanoun/Erez in the north of the strip, under the control of the Israel Occupation.

In the 1990s, the Israeli occupation stipulated that Gazans travelling through Erez had to first receive travel permits that are issued according to its own policies; following the takeover of the strip by Hamas in June 2007, the Occupation tightened the restrictions on Gazans, conditioning that permits be subject to 'security inspections' before being issued.

The Threat From A Cancer Patient

Reham's experience differed little from that of Ra'fat Sha'abani, a Palestinian man in his fifties, who has been waiting for two months for a "medical permit" to allow him to travel for treatment abroad – namely, in a hospital in Occupied Jerusalem. Having colon cancer would not suffice for the Israeli authorities to grant him a permit however – being rejected for three consecutive times by Israeli Occupation. After each time, Sha'abani would head to the Civilian Affairs department in Gaza to enquire about the reasons for his refusal, only to be told that his entry was refused according to previous statements by the Israeli authorities alleging "security reasons."

Ra'fat needs to undertake chemotherapy once every 15 days, but 60 days have passed without treatment, which greatly endangers both his physical and mental health – a direct result of the stalling tactics of the Israeli authorities and their forbidding him from passing through Erez crossing.

Sha'abani described his tragic condition by stating: "What cancer patients live through in Gaza is against all of the Abrahamic religions, laws and human rights" – adding to Raseef22: "It is not enough that we already undergo tortures and miseries at Erez, entailing the harshness of the inspection procedures at the hands of the Israeli officers, extortion, forbidding us from taking food and certain medicines – notably ointments – as well as mobile phone batteries; we are prohibited from treatment because of vacuous reasons that are not meant for anything other than to exercise pressure on us."

Sha'abani is accompanied by his wife in his treatment journey as she is also over fifty years of age – otherwise, those below fifty would not be allowed to accompany patients.

Isolating Gaza

The Israeli authorities also impose additional constraints on those with permits (students, the sick, merchants, humanitarian cases, employees of international organizations, visa holders) which have entailed preventing and delaying the issuing of travel permits and stalling in the process of security checks, which can take six to nine months, while tightening restrictions on those working in international humanitarian and relief organizations – restrictions which have impeded their work in Gaza.

During the past few years, the Israeli authorities have added new items to the list of prohibited goods for those with travel permits: suitcases with wheels, cleaning equipment, computers, electronic devices, mobile phone chargers, food, makeup and beauty products, and certain types of shoes.

According to a Palestinian merchant who uses the crossing who preferred not to reveal his name, his reality is not much better, for the Israeli authorities intentionally delay the issuing of his travel permit as a form of stalling and procrastination. In order to circumvent the obstacles he finds at inspections at the Erez crossing, the merchant travels "without any bags", only taking his official papers and the permit.

The merchant explained to Raseef22 the process by which he travels through the crossing, saying: "At the start of my entry into the hall of the crossing, my leather belt, shoes, ring, mobile phone and any other items are placed inside boxes for inspection, and then I am presented in front of a device which emits blue rays, revealing every detail of my body up to [including even] my spine; I walk barefooted to take my box after the end of the inspection that could take a few hours, according to the mood of the Israeli officer, and then my paperwork and permit is examined behind a glass window."

The merchant further added that he usually needs to wear an official suit when meeting with the owners of commercial companies inside 1948 Occupied Palestine thus having to buy from their markets – even though its price is much more expensive than in Gaza.

Meanwhile, Mervat al-Nahaal – a lawyer and human rights activist who works as the coordinator of the legal aid unit at Gaza's "Al Mezan Center for Human Rights" – affirmed that the Israeli Occupation's policies of restricting the freedom of travel of Palestinians through the Erez crossing is a direct violation of their freedom of movement – a principle which is safeguarded by all international laws and conventions.

Al-Nahaal further pointed out that the Occupation authorities refuse to issue permits to certain sick Palestinians using the excuse that they are family relations of Hamas members – a criteria which is rejected in legal terms, as it constitutes a form of collective punishment that goes beyond targeting a single individual. Furthermore, there are cases of wounded from the Great March of Return who are prevented from receiving treatment as a form of punishment for their participation in the demonstrations, without any reference to international humanitarian law – adding that there are additional restraints on merchants, students, and humanitarian cases.

On the negative ramifications of these form of violations committed towards Palestinians, al-Nahaal affirmed that it has negative effects and deprives from them the most important rights: the freedom to travel, the right to education and reunification with family –harming family bonds, isolating Palestinians from the world, and the deterioration of economic, social and health conditions.


          

Egypt’s Sheikh Al Sharawi Was No Saint

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As soon as journalist Asma Sherif Mounir described the much-revered Sheikh Al-Sharawi as “extremist”, I knew she unleashed huge debate accusing her of blasphemy and even declaring her an apostate. I also predicted that she would apologize and that also happened.

The storm started when Asma asked for recommendations of Sheikhs whose teachings she could benefit from and one of her followers on Facebook suggested Sheikh Al Sharawi and she responded to him that she had followed him when she was young but after a while it became apparent to her that he held “extremist” opinions, and so the huge storm broke out and ended with the broadcaster’s apology.

My prediction was not some sort of prognostication but rather a repetition of what happens whenever anyone approaches Al Sharawi. A year ago, I talked with a friend about the Sheikh and I told him in an attempt to soften my words that “I disagree with some of his opinions”. My friend attacked me and accused me of not understanding anything and that I was not qualified to pass judgement on the “reviver of religion” and he ended his attack with “that’s atheist talk”. I cursed myself then because I had not said that Al Sharawi held extremist opinions that he deserved to be punished for and from that time on I decided not to make an effort to soften my words since the accusations are always at the ready on the other side.

Before explaining the attacks and accusations of apostasy flung at anyone who mentions Al Sharawi, we must ask how the man became a "legend" and turned into a "Saint"? The Sheikh was born in 1911 and rose in the ranks until he became the Minister of Awqaf (religious endowments) in 1976 and his great accomplishment in explaining the meanings of Al Quran was not any different from anyone else’s but what set him apart was how he simplified things and explained them in vernacular Arabic which made him extremely popular. The question is, did he ever cross the red line with government?

In fact, Sharawi didn’t come close to the red lines his entire life and in many cases supported the authorities. The same man who criticized Sadat for the Camp David agreement later stood in Parliament in 1978 and said: "Sadat should not be questioned” which is something that should only be said about God almighty.

In Egypt, it has become difficult to object to the bogus Islamic Banking that Sharawi prided himself for pioneering, or even question his agenda when he urged citizens to deposit their money in companies he just happened to preside over!
Sheikh Al Sharawy, the legend of #Egypt, ordered the killing of anyone leaving Islam and also for those skipping prayers. He issued a Fatwa against those too lazy to pray and ordered women not leave the house except for necessary matters.

During the Mubarak era there was only the famous incident in which Sharawi told Mubarak “if you are our fate then may God make you successful, and if we are your fate then may God help you to endure us” this sentence is often brought up by Sharawi admirers as being an example of championing truth before a ruler despite the fact that it isn’t at all out of the ordinary.

Not approaching the red lines and supporting the regime was enough for the regime to return the favour to Sharawi. The regime hosted Sharawi’s show on its channels when none other existed and in prime time slots. Like for example his Quran explanation program that was broadcast just before iftar during Ramadan, so he entered all homes and became a household name and from there the sanctification of the man began which lasted until his death in 1998.

in 2003 the TV series “Imam of preachers” transformed Al Sharawi into an infallible prophet. The show also saw the return of actor Hassan Youssef to the screen which doubled viewing rates and the moniker “Imam of preachers” was endowed on Al Sharawi and thus the legend began.

Since then the phrase “Sharawi said” has become the final say in any controversial debate. So when the authorities wanted to emphasize Egyptian identity on television after the 30 June coup, they began screening a famous clip of Sharawi speaking about Egypt, with full knowledge that no-one would contest it.

Once a legend is born, it’s difficult to get rid of it and when sanctification occurs, criticism becomes difficult. And this is what happened, we could no longer object to Sharawi’s joy when the Naksa occurred in 1967 (Israel’s victory in the Six-day war) because had Egypt been victorious it would have been a victory for communism. The Sheikh believed that the death of thousands and the loss of land is less disastrous than the embrace of a political doctrine.

It has also become difficult to object to the bogus Islamic banking that Sharawi prided himself for pioneering or even question his agenda when he urged citizens to deposit their money in companies he just happened to preside over!

Sharawy, the legend of Egypt, ordered the killing of anyone leaving Islam and also for those skipping prayers. He issued a Fatwa saying that those who do not pray due to laziness should be chided for three days then killed. Should we not hold this man accountable and place him side by side historically with takfiri sheikhs? The words that issued from him could slay millions in a matter of minutes.

You should also agree to his directions for women not go out unless for necessities, so it’s not permissible for them to go out for a walk for example and this is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the ideas of Sheikh Al Sharawi.

Even though it’s easy to access these opinions but because of the sanctification of the man, no-one dares say that these are extremist opinions. Many people fear Sharawi’s followers and extremism has taken roots in our country, so for that reason touching upon this is like playing with fire. There are those who dare expose the falsity of the legend and return him to human status. This happened during the early ’90s with the publication of journalist Ibrahim Eissa’s book “Thoughts threatened with death” which has warned against the man and his dangerous ideas which do not differ a great deal from the ideas of any Islamist. The book was widely critiqued by writers and thinkers.

Now we have learned how the legend came to be and how dangerous it is to question it. Which leads us to ask, Did Sharawi err? Yes, he erred. Did he sin? Yes, he sinned. Is he a Saint? We can say confidently he is not. Did he hold dangerous extremist opinions with an easy conscience? Yes, and if his followers ask why do you constantly criticize the man if you concede he erred and sinned? Then we have agreed that he is just a man, so why be angered by his critics? And therein lies the crux of the matter.

The issue is not the well-deserved criticism of Sharawi, but the criticism of everything resembling him that has been sanctified and rendered untouchable. This cult-like reverence and sanctification of certain figures hurts us. And the list includes Sheikhs, idealogues, princes, sultans and even serial killers. These figures are sacred cows that cannot be criticized and this puts us in the dilemma we are in now. For that reason, it is wrong if we stand by as more sanctification occurs. When someone becomes a sacred cow everything they say is right even if it is wrong and all their fatwas are halal even if they go against the religion itself.

Therefore, those who refuse to criticize Al Sharawi are those who refuse to criticize others like him, they will accuse you of thought terrorism and plague you with questions like “what did you study” or statements like “you are not fit to discuss the sheikh” or “this is the age of deceit” but you cannot stop with these battles for a moment because after each one the halo cracks a little more.

In the middle of these battles, there are those who do not fall into the trap of sanctification and realize that the person who is the subject of debate whether Sharawi or others is just a person who has supporters and detractors.

Imagine how things would be if we stayed silent if we did not speak up and say there are ideas that promote terrorism and are antithetical to the Quran if all lips stayed silent- what would the situation be like? The sacred cows would remain intact, the legends would grow. With these critiques, we point out that these personages are just human and we don’t have to study every aspect of theology to be able to say that there are opinions that we do not like and we don’t have to have certificates in religious studies to criticize a sheikh and finally we will not feel ashamed when we point out fundamentalism. We are here and constantly developing.


          

Ride-hailing market revs up in Egypt

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Competition in Egypt’s ride-hailing and tech-enabled transport market is heating up as rivals from global giant Uber to smaller local firms vie for a slice of the Middle East’s largest
          

Egypt’s non-oil private sector demand ‘subdued’ in October: IHS

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Demand in Egypt’s non-oil private sector remained subdued in October due to a lack of new contracts, an IHS Markit survey released on Tuesday showed. Business conditions at Egyptian firms
          

11/3/2019: Worldwide: Youths forced to jump from moving train

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Egypt’s top prosecutor says a train conductor who forced two poor street vendors without tickets to jump off a moving train, leading to the death of one of the youths, will stand trial. The incident took place in the Nile delta town of Tanta and has...
          

Grenadier D Egypte Michel

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Grenadier D Egypte Michel
          

U-23 AFCON: Believe in yourselves - Ghana's ambassador tells Black Meteors

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Ghana’s ambassador to Egypt Dr Winfred Nii Okai Hammond has offered some words of encouragement to the Black Meteors when he visited the team in camp.

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PHOTOS: Black Meteors hold first training in Cairo

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Ghana's Black Meteors held their first major training in Egypt on Tuesday night ahead of their Group A opener on Friday.

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U-23 AFCON: South Africa arrive in Egypt with only 12 players

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South Africa arrived in Egypt on Tuesday for the Under-23 Africa Cup of Nations, which begins on Friday, with just 12 players.

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U-23 AFCON: Black Meteors arrive in Egypt for tourney (PHOTOS)

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The Black Meteors of Ghana have safely arrived in Egypt ahead of of the CAF U-23 AFCON which begins later this week.

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Trump Holds Talks with Foreign Ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan

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The three are in Washington on an invitation from Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to discuss a giant hydropower dam project on Ethiopia's Blue Nile

          

Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan to try to resolve dam dispute by Jan 15 - Treasury

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The foreign ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan agreed on Wednesday to work toward resolving their dispute over the filling and operation of a massive dam project in Ethiopia by Jan. 15, 2020, the U.S. Treasury said.

          

Water crisis builds in Egypt as dam talks falter, temperatures rise

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Ahmed Abd-Rabo used to get all the water he needed to feed his crops 50 km (30 miles) from Egypt's River Nile. Then supplies in the canal linking his seven acres to the river dwindled as other farmers drew more water, and he had to abandon half the plot.

          

Offer - https://supplements4health.org/instaketo-reviews/ - EGYPT

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Insta Keto Reviews Discarding extra muscle to fat degree improves your appearance, yet close by keeps up your prosperity.is a perceptible weight reducing upgrade that is clinically seemed to eat up off fat. This contains 60 pills in each holder and promises you a tight and shocking body. It is open in the obliging case structure that ensures sharp results. Additionally, by using Advanced you can obviously get adequately fit and become slim, trim. https://supplements4health.org/instaketo-reviews/
          

Mexico - Egypt maçını canlı izle 07 Kasım 2019

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07 Kasım 2019 tarihinde 16:30 maç başlama saatinde Mexico - Egypt maçını canlı izleyebilirsiniz
          

Luxor 2

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The great goddess Isis has enlisted you to help her battle the god Set and his evil minions. Journey through Egypt as you work to thwart Set's diabolical plans. A green and gold scarab will push a chain of spheres toward your pyramids. It can only be destroyed by eliminating all the spheres in the chain or by being crushed from behind by another chain. Set will not be pleased with your interference, but don't let his minions win in Luxor 2!
          

Luxor Amun Rising

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Glory and Adventure await as you return to save Ancient Egypt from certain doom. In this sequel to the runaway hit action-puzzle game, you must defeat the rebellious Princes of Megiddo before they overthrow the Pharaoh and plunge the Two Lands into chaos. Once again, the challenge will not be an easy one as you battle through 88 awesome levels.
          

Secondary Math/Science and Humanities - Egypt - British Columbia Canadian International School - Egypt, ON

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Knowledge of, and demonstrated application of the BC Ministry of Education’ current philosophy, teaching practices, and evaluation/assessment practices.
From Simplication - Sun, 03 Nov 2019 23:20:04 GMT - View all Egypt, ON jobs
          

Middle School Teachers - Egypt - British Columbia Canadian International School - Egypt, ON

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Demonstrated sensitivity, awareness and understanding of adolescent development and enthusiasm for working and developing positive relationships with early…
From Simplication - Sun, 03 Nov 2019 23:20:04 GMT - View all Egypt, ON jobs
          

Elementary Teacher(s) - Egypt - British Columbia Canadian International School - Egypt, ON

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Knowledge of and demonstrated ability in addressing a wide range of academic, social, emotional and behavioural needs of children.
From Simplication - Sun, 03 Nov 2019 05:20:11 GMT - View all Egypt, ON jobs
          

Regional Sales Manager - Winters Instruments - Egypt, ON

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Engineering degree, Technical Diploma in Instrumentation is considered an asset. Develop, in conjunction with the Vice President, an annual sales plan outlining…
From Winters Instruments - Wed, 18 Sep 2019 19:48:21 GMT - View all Egypt, ON jobs
          

Egyptológ: Faraóni boli bohovia. Spochybniť ich mohli akurát doma

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Skončila sa jedenásta sezóna výskumu.
          

Comment on Terror in Thailand: Muslims slaughter 15 people in endless bloody jihad by taxpayer22

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Afghanistan was a Buddhist area before the Arab Muslim invasion... Taliban Muslims - recently destroyed 2,000 year old Buddhists statues.. the goal is to erase history. The conquest of Afghanistan in the year 1000 was followed by the annihilation of the Hindu population (Pakistan, too); the region is still called the Hindu Kush, i.e. “Hindu slaughter.” 2- Note what happened to the Coptic Christians in Egypt since 641 AD = part of the Levant
          

Water crisis builds in Egypt as dam talks falter, temperatures rise

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Ahmed Abd-Rabo used to get all the water he needed to feed his crops 50 km (30 miles) from Egypt's River Nile. Then supplies in the canal linking his seven acres to the river dwindled as other farmers drew more water, and he had to abandon half the plot.

          

Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan to try to resolve dam dispute by January 15: Treasury

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The foreign ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan agreed on Wednesday to work toward resolving their dispute over the filling and operation of a massive dam project in Ethiopia by Jan. 15, 2020, the U.S. Treasury said.

          

Inside ancient Egyptian cat mummy, archaeologists find remains of three cats

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This feline wasn't laid to rest alone.A group of researchers used a CT scan to examine the insides of this ancient Egyptian cat mummy held at the Museum of Fine Arts of Rennes in France.Scans of an ancient cat mummy revealed that the 2,500-year-old feline supposedly resting within the wrappings wasn't a single animal. Instead, the mummy held the partial remains of three cats, according to new findings. Ancient Egyptian cat mummies aren't uncommon, and archaeologists have previously found ...
          

FJÄRDE DAGEN PÅ SEMESTER

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Fjärde dagen på semester här i Egypten var alltså på söndagen. Det var en dag i vanlig ordning med mycket badande på stranden. Vi körde race med våra luftmadrasser och plaskade, solade, åt gott och vilade. Jag hade hunnit läsa klart två hela böcker och vi har kommit in i semester mode på riktigt. Så skönt att bara vara, slappa och göra det man känner för. Jag älskar semester.

På kvällen gick vi ut på en liten shopping tur utanför hotellet på gågatan. Det blev några till armband, gottigott till rummet och några små grejer. Såklart även minidisco på hotellet sen, dagens höjdpunkt för Linnéa alla dagar.


          

TREDJE DAGEN PÅ SEMESTER

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Tredje dagen här nere i Egypten var en lite annorlunda dag eller rättare sagt kväll. Dagen spenderade vi i vanlig ordning på stranden men på kvällen hoppade vi middagen på hotellet och hoppade in i en taxi istället. Den körde oss till en mall med namn Senzo Mall här i Hurghada där vi åt donken till middag och sen kollade in i alla möjliga butiker. Förutom en rolig tandborste till Linnéa och en t-Shirt till mig slog vi inte till på något men vi hade en rolig kväll som bröt semester vardagen. Vi åt god glass och Alex en hel choklad explosion, mumma kardemumma. Som avslut blev det en egyptiskt smarrighet med namn Sahlab som vi tycker om väldigt mycket. Super gott är det!
Super nöjda hoppade vi sen in i taxi bilen som stod och väntade på oss utanför och åkte tillbaka till hotellet. Det var lördagen i Egypten det, dag tre på semestern.


          

RESEDAG

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Vi är på semester, wehoo! Och det sedan i onsdags så hälften av vår vistelse i Egypten är redan över. Tiden går så himla fort.
Vi åkte sent på onsdagskvällen, kl 20 från Nürnberg flygplats och landade i Hurghada 01:30 egyptiskt tid. Att vi var trötta kan ni ju tänka er. Halv fyra var vi i sängen och somnade som en stock allihopa även fast det kokade i vårt rum så varmt var det.
Resan hade gått bra, Linnéa somnade på planet och vi föräldrar försökte blunda emellanåt också.

Före avresan så hade vi fullt upp hemma med jobb, jag skulle köpa nya byxor, städa hemma, laga och äta god Schnitzel så ja, det kändes kanon när bilen sedan var packat och rullade från infarten. Lite sol sådär före vintern skadar aldrig och rå om varandra inte heller.


          

HÖST BAKELSE

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God morgon söndag!
Hoppas du som läser har sovit gott. Det har jag då det är för första gången på en vecka vi inte behövde dela säng med Linnéa. Missförstå mig inte fel, det är det mysigaste jag vet att ha henne liggandes intill mig och gosa hela natten men hon blir ju inte direkt mindre. Det är ont om plats och eftersom vi alla tre inte är riktigt friska är det ännu jobbigare. Hon burkar ju sova i sitt rum numera men när man är sjuk så får man sova hos Mami & Papi har vi kommit överens om. Igår kväll fick hon sova hos mormor istället så att vi kunde kurera oss lite bättre och få en god nattsömn. Välbehövligt. Dock så får jag ej klaga, jag mådde mycket bättre redan igår. Endast halsen som strular lite och hostan börjar komma nu. Linnéas feber har också gått över, så vi två är på bättringsvägen. Tyvärr har Alex nu fått tillbaka sin förkylning och jag hoppas att han frisknar till snabbt för att kunna ha en bra födelsedag och resa till Egypten.

Förra söndagen var Linnéa på utflykt över lunchen och när hon kom hem så satte vi oss och bakade söta höst kakor. Vi gjorde vanlig smördeg och tog fram de mest höstaktiga former vi kunde hitta: en Uggla, en igelkott och ett rådjur. Det roligaste var ju såklart att pynta dem när de hade gräddats klart.

Snart drar julbakningen ingång, yaaay!


          

Writing ‘Akhnaten’

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Akhnaten, Philip Glass’ “Egyptian opera,” opening at the Metropolitan Opera this weekend, premiered in 1984 and since then has been produced in many different stagings, primarily in European cities, where the composer has a very large and enthusiastic audience. Akhnaten’s American production story has been much more modest. In New York, it was first staged at the New York City Opera when that company was directed by Beverly Sills.

Three decades ago Glass was still thought of as an avant-garde downtown composer. Uptown audiences, especially those who went to the Metropolitan Opera, were not yet ready for his heady minimalist music and his extravagant theater-music conceptions. As co-author of Akhnaten’s libretto, and as compiler and translator of its vocal texts, I have traveled to consult on and see at least a dozen of the opera’s productions in cities around the world. But as a native New Yorker, I can’t help but being especially thrilled anticipating its reception at the Metropolitan Opera. For it was in 1956, at the “old” Metropolitan Opera House (before Lincoln Center was built in the early 1960s) that I saw my first opera—a performance of Verdi’s great “Egyptian opera” Aida, which featured a live elephant and made a deep impression on me, perhaps leading to a lifelong interest in matters Egyptian and Middle Eastern.

Continue reading "Philip Glass's Egyptian Opera at the Met" at...


          

Trump says talks on controversial Nile dam 'went well'

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WASHINGTON: US President Donald Trump on Wednesday (Nov 6) said he had hosted successful talks in the White House with representatives of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan on a controversial dam being built on the Nile. Trump was mediating in a dispute over Ethiopia's construction of the huge dam which ...
          

Funny to know pwople like this exist!

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Tags: rebuild, truck, egypt

1666 points, 91 comments.


          

How does one build a decolonised bridge?

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I first heard this question as part of the somewhat facetious reaction that many engineers have to the call to decolonise science, knowledge, engineering. But let’s go back to one of the first communities of colonisers, the ancient Greeks, and reflect on Socrates’ statement, “The unexamined life is not worth living.” When thinking about what I could do to transform the engineering profession into one where we can build a decolonised bridge, I paused to reflect on my classroom.

What made some students feel engaged, feel like they were firmly on their path to building their identity
as a South African engineer?

Why do some students have no problem in feeling this way, while others feel alienated or disempowered? It is so easy to dismiss students as lazy, self-entitled millenials, but the truth is
that a small percentage of matriculants gain entry into university, and engineering attracts top learners from this cohort. We have the privilege of having dedicated, determined and self-motivated young adults in our classrooms. 

So why do we lose so many of them? Educational research shows evidence, again and again, that feelings of engagement, belonging and identifying with the context and the community, are critical for successful learning. How does this relate to decolonisation? If one believes that science was invented in Europe, by white men, and that a Western knowledge-base drives all technological development, it is easy to imagine that anyone whose identity lies outside of this construct would face a significant challenge in engaging with the disciplines supported by science and technology.

A myth
One of the first myths that I interrogated relates to the history and evolution of science. Let’s start with mathematics, as it is arguably the language of engineering. The most ancient mathematical texts date back to around 2000 BC, written in Mesopotamia (situated in the area currently known as the Middle East) and Egypt. As an example of the importance of history, one of the first mathematical theories that a student will learn (long before they enter the university halls) is the Pythagorean theorem.

Pythagoras (c. 570 – 495 BC) was a Greek philosopher who is probably most famously known for a theorem that he did not discover. The Pythagorean triangle relationship was known to Babylonians and Indians centuries before Pythagoras was born! But Pythagoras was probably the first Greek to formally present the knowledge to the Greek communities, perhaps the first to formally set out the proof.

The revelation of “new to you” is something that anyone who has applied themselves to any study knows well. So, one of the first lessons I learnt in my endeavour to unpack colonisation and decolonisation, is that a student’s perception of what is real or true may be very far from reality or the truth.

It is, however, their current reality and I need to be aware of it. Perhaps the first step in decolonisation, is realising that much of what is assumed to be colonised knowledge is no such thing. Mathematics is not European, nor is science, nor is engineering. However, pretending that each student in my class is equal, that they enter our institutions with the same opportunities, privileges or challenges, is insanity. So how do I manage this environment of have and have-nots, of blissful ignorance and painful realities?

Where is the space in the engineering curriculum to incorporate an ethic of care, of awareness and sensitivity? Mathematics is not European, nor is science, nor is engineering.

Diversity of perspectives
Perhaps a decolonised bridge is designed by a local team of engineers who value and appreciate the diversity of perspectives that each team member brings. Perhaps one of the engineers is the daughter of one of the construction workers, the first person in her family to go to university.

Perhaps the bridge is reinforced with natural fibres, from crops grown in fields by local farmers who use sustainable agricultural practices. Maybe it provides a means of connecting a rural community to an economic hub; maybe it carries power and clean water back to this community.

Engineers are expert problem-solvers. Colonisation was a reality in our society. The effects are still evident and continue to pose problems for our society. These are all concrete facts. Let’s use the tools and knowledge available to us, and find a way to build a decolonised bridge.

A/Prof Debby Blaine
SAIMechE Council Member


          

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Rabbi Ken gives a d'rash (devotional) on the exodus from Egypt. This week's readings: Exodus 13:17-18; Isaiah 48:17-18; Psalm 37:23-24; John 12:26; 2 Corinthians 4:11-12,15-18


          

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The View from Riyhadh

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Surely, the story is monumentally important. It’s so important that our news media have largely ignored it. 

Happily, Karen Elliott House has traveled to Saudi Arabia to witness the cultural transformation taking place in the kingdom. We recall the bright eyed New York Times columnists who camped out in Tahrir Square to welcome democracy to Egypt—how did that one work out?—so we ought at least to give passing mention to the one place where Islam is being modernized, rapidly.

Considering how many of the world’s problems derive from the fact that one of its major religions has failed to modernize, we ought to pay some attention to what is happening in Saudi Arabia. Surely, we prefer the course taken by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to that proposed by the reactionary forces running the Islamic Republic of Iran.

And yes, I know, Jamal Khashoggi was most likely murdered by people who are very close to the crown prince. Unfortunately, we do not choose our allies on the basis of a moral purity test. How does it happen that everyone is up in arms about Khashoggi and no one cares about the thousands of people who have been executed in Iran for crimes like…homosexual behavior.

As for life on the ground, House offers this sense of the public mood:

During a three-week visit, the public delight is visible everywhere from the capital city to remote rural provinces like Jizan in the south and Tabuk in the north. Teenage Saudi girls scream hysterically at a performance here by the Korean boy band BTS. Young Saudi women with bared faces run a 5K through city streets clad only in short-sleeved T-shirts and tight leggings. Groups of young men and women relax together in Starbucks. Hotels are no longer permitted to ask Saudi couples for proof of marriage at check-in. All this change and more in a society where until very recently women, uniformly clad in floor-length abayas, couldn’t exercise, drive or appear in public with men other than close relatives.

House believes that the nation is anticipating the day when it will no longer be able to rely on oil revenue. She suggests that it is modernizing in order to attract tourism and investments, but I suspect that there is a larger and more profound reason. The crown prince, whatever his faults, has correctly decided that Islam needs to be part of the modern world. It cannot stand apart and watch other cultures surpass it.

House continues:

This most puritanical of Islamic societies is increasingly mirroring Western mores as the government seeks to attract foreign tourists and investors whose money is needed to diversify the kingdom’s oil-dependent economy.

The regime no longer worries about the erosion of the kingdom’s distinctive culture. Its view is that in a world of ubiquitous social media all cultures are destined to blend and it is no longer feasible, let alone desirable, for Saudi Arabia to shut itself off from inexorable global trends.

As it happens, the kingdom does not allow dissenting opinions. It does not have first amendment rights to free speech and free expression. Naturally, this offends us to the marrow. And yet, do you believe that change would have been possible if the religious police had been allowed to constitute a countervailing faction:

There is no doubt that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, 34, effective ruler of the kingdom, has decided to press ahead full speed with economic and social change (the former much tougher than the latter). Nothing will deter him. The crown prince, those close to him say, is absolutely convinced his reforms are essential and urgent. So in his view, debate is pointless. There is no possibility of reversing course—and no apparent concern about a conservative backlash. The once-powerful religious authorities have been reduced to mouthpieces for the regime and are widely ignored by the public. Even immediate foreign threats are more distraction than deterrent to Crown Prince Mohammed’s domestic agenda.

To be clear, such rapid change is difficult to impose, even when one can exercise authoritarian control over the culture. Attitudes and social habits change more slowly:

The government is spending billions on bringing entertainment—wrestling, tennis, car racing, expensive restaurants, musical performers—to the kingdom to jump-start tourism. Joining a Saudi family for dinner, I am driven by golf cart through a park to the restaurant by a young Saudi woman with a bare face, cropped hair and no abaya. Such dress or employment for a Saudi woman was unthinkable even a few months ago. “I feel out of place in my own country,” says one Saudi woman in shock at seeing a Lebanese singer entering a Riyadh hotel in a sleeveless midthigh dress. Such “indecency,” unlike dissent, runs no risk these days.

Given its neighborhood the Saudi government requires American assistance. It needs a reliable ally in Washington, especially since Western European nations want to align themselves with Iran. Some say that we should completely withdraw from the region, but we are also part of the world oil market. It’s nice to be self-sufficient energy wise, but what happens if our vendors, suppliers and customers run out of fuel.

Meantime, the Saudi government is putting maximum pressure on the U.S. to provide additional military support to the regime. Failure to stand visibly with Saudi Arabia, say officials here, could encourage Iran to strike again and lead to higher oil prices for the U.S. and world-wide. Or the Saudis could opt to price oil in a currency other than the dollar, with severe ramifications for the U.S. and the global economy.

Crown Prince Mohammed is said to have been livid about the slow U.S. reaction but mollified by the Trump administration’s recent decision to dispatch 2,000 additional American troops to Saudi Arabia along with two Patriot missile batteries and a Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system, or Thaad. The American buildup looks intended to deter future Iranian aggression, but whether the Trump administration would engage or duck is anyone’s guess given the lack of a formal U.S.-Saudi mutual-security treaty. The Saudis are understandably nervous after President Obama failed to enforce his “red line” in Syria and President Trump made no response to Iran’s downing of an American drone in June or its attack on Aramco six weeks ago.

The Trump administration seems to have come to this understanding. If it does not support the Saudi reform effort, the chances for backsliding will increase exponentially.


          

America's Empty Headed Philosopher Kings

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If the nation were not riveted to President Trump, and if President Trump did not have to spend half his time dodging and deflecting incoming verbal attack missiles, we might have been paying attention to our philosopher kings, our intellectual and political elites, people who have been running the country... into the ground. By their lights Trump can do no right. By logical extension, they can do no wrong.

Victor Davis Hanson calls them our nomenklatura. (via Maggie’s Farm) They are a guardian class of philosopher kings who have taken control of the government and who will brook no dissent. You might think that they are running on fumes, but it would be more accurate, Hanson suggests, that they are running on credentials.

In that he is echoing a thought often expressed by David Foster of the Chicago Boyz blog, namely that America’s ruling class is defined by credentials, not by achievement or merit. Besides, in a world where diversity has overtaken merit, these credentials are no longer signs of real worth.

Hanson trots out the usual suspects and exposes a gang that cannot think straight. For all of the vitriol routinely tossed at Donald Trump, Americans intellectual leaders has failed to notice that their heroes have feet of clay.

You recall, Hanson reminds us, that serious psychiatrists have accused Trump of being mentally ill. And yet, how often does Joe Biden resemble a man who is suffering some level of dementia. One might even say the same about the hapless and helpless Robert Mueller, a man whose Congressional testimony showed that he was not in charge of much of anything.

As for Biden, Hanson remarks what we all know:

At times, former Vice President Joe Biden is unaware of which town, indeed which state, he is in. He slurs his words often. Biden strings together unconnected thoughts that result in utter incoherence—not alleviated by his near shouting emphatics or fits of pique at reporters.

Sometimes, Biden forgets names, and referents, and appears befuddled generally. His biography is mythical. He cannot address Ukraine and the role of his son, Hunter Biden, because, after all, what would a truthful person say? That the vice president of the United States allowed his wastrel son to become a multimillionaire by leveraging his father’s office with foreign corrupt governments? 

And yet, media enablers continue to claim that Biden merely makes gaffes. If Trump had done as much, they would have been crying out for involuntary commitment... even though they oppose involuntary commitment.

As for Hillary Clinton, she refuses to accept that she lost an election and has descended to trafficking conspiracy theories… the kind that would normally label you paranoid. Of course, she and her minions have been accusing Trump of having done what she and her minions were actually doing. When it comes to corruption, to emoluments, no one beats the Clintons:

And all this from Hillary Clinton, who inaugurated the 2009 disastrous Russian appeasement scheme known as “reset” by pushing a red plastic Jacuzzi button in Geneva, and who was instrumental in green-lighting North American uranium sales to Russian interests, which interests through third parties had donated to her foundation and indirectly paid Russians to interfere in the 2016 election to destroy her opponent?

And the sainted Mitt Romney, a man whose good moral character does not include loyalty, refused to take the gloves off when running against Barack Obama. Now he has made himself a Republican scold, a party of one.

But after the implosion of the once impressive 2016 Republican primary field, Romney assumed the mantle of senior establishment Trump foe. If he played by the Marquess of Queensberry Rules with Barack Obama, he certainly did not with Donald Trump, blasting him frequently as a fraud, con, dishonest, a bully, and greedy—clueless that instead Trump served as some sort of sharp planer that ripped off the thin, shiny mahogany veneer pasted over our particle-board establishment.

And, let’s not forget:

Romney seems to have entered Hillary/Biden fantasyland by admitting to being a “lurker” on social media—one who adopts an anonymous and secret Twitter account (in Romney’s case under the nom de guerre “Pierre Delecto”), to channel and encourage nice stories about himself, and to attack vicariously those who do not share his views or self-admiration.

And, we can examine the records of former Obama administration officials James Clapper and John Brennan. Somehow or other the great minds of the media have not figured out that these holier-than-thou warriors are really trying to stay out of jail.

As it happens, no one much cares about holding them to account:

Before Trump, both John Brennan and James Clapper, respectively CIA director and director of national intelligence, lied under oath to Congress—and paid nothing for doing so. Or rather their past prevarications became good CV items for the new fake news industry. From them, we respectively once learned that the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt was largely secular and that jihad was a mostly a non-violent expression of personal growth and discovery. In their world, drones never hit bystanders, the intelligence agencies never spy on Americans, and the two of them never lied under oath. Both leveraged their past service and security clearances into lucrative cable TV analyst contracts—and often editorialized about ongoing investigations in which they were either knee-deep or of which they later became targets.

How did we go wrong? Hanson offers this explanation:

We have confused credentials with merit—as we learned when Hollywood stars and rich people tried to bribe and buy their mostly lackadaisical children into named schools, eager for the cattle brand BAs and without a care whether their offspring would be well educated. 

Graduating from today’s Yale or Harvard law school is not necessarily a sign of achievement, much less legal expertise. Mostly, entrance into heralded schools is a reminder of past good prep school grades and test scores winning admittance—or using some sort of old-boy, networking, athletic, or affirmative action pull.

Being a “senior” official at some alphabet government agency also means little any more outside of the nomenklatura. Academia, the media, and entertainment industries are likewise supposedly meritocratic without being based on demonstrable worth. Otherwise, why would college graduates know so little, the media so often report fantasies as truth, and Hollywood focus on poor remakes? Take all the signature brand names that the Baby Boomers inherited from prior generations—Harvard, Yale, the New York Times, NPR, CNN, the Oscars, the NFL, the NBA, the FBI, the CIA, the Rockefeller and Ford foundations, and a host of others. And then ask whether they enhanced or diminished such inheritances?

A country over $22 trillion in debt, with an open border, an existential conflict with China, and a West in cultural and demographic decline, for two years was told falsely that Donald Trump supposedly knew of a meeting in advance at Trump Tower, that James Comey would supposedly testify that he never told Trump he was not under investigation, and that Trump would soon be indicted, resign, or impeached. The amount of elite energy spent replaying the embarrassing progressive 2016 loss and trying to abort the Trump presidency before the 2020 election, remember, was the product of our best and brightest, the top echelon of our law enforcement and intelligence communities, and our most esteemed political and media elite.

They are defending their turf, their territories, their reputations and their livelihood. The one thing that they can never accept is that the curtain will be drawn back, revealing them to be impostors. They will never forgive Donald Trump for refusing to pay them proper obeisance.

          

Turning Trump's Victory into Defeat

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In a better world the news would have emphasized the fact that the United States had murdered the leader of the Islamic State, the world’s most important terrorist, a mass murderer and torturer. And yet, to do so would have required the media and the Obamaphile left to praise President Trump. And we can’t have that.

It has been a thoroughly astonishing spectacle. From Saturday Night Live running a skit showing how Trump was coddling ISIS at the precise moment that Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was blowing himself and three of his children up to the Washington Post being incapable of writing a correct headline.

The Post, the paper of record in Washington D. C. first headlined the story by calling al-Baghdadi a “terrorist in chief.” Then, someone decided that that would give Trump too much credit, so it changed the description to “an austere religious scholar.” Considering that the man was responsible for mass murder, mayhem, gang rape and sex trafficking, it seemed a bit too weak, even for the Post. It immediately provoked an outcry from Post readers. The paper changed the headline to “extremist leader.”

At the least, it does not inspire confidence in their journalism.

And then, at the World Series game last night in Washington, President Trump was roundly booed by Nationals fans. Obviously, these fans live in a deep blue city. Even the Washington suburbs are deeply blue… meaning that they are inhabited by government employees, thus, the kind of people that Trump has been attacking and that have, truth be told, been attacking Trump.

It is a pathetic spectacle, not a sign of patriotism. When you boo the president you boo the presidency. And it does not spell patriotism.

So, leftist politicians and media mavens started spinning as fast as they could. They said it was no big deal. ISIS is not defeated. Trump’s press conference was largely inferior to that of Obama when Osama bin Laden was killed. Trump lied about al Baghdadi’s whimpering. And besides, the credit all belongs to Barack Obama, who began the fight against the Islamic State.

You need to wonder how people are stupid enough to believe any of this, but apparently they are. Otherwise why would anyone overlook the obvious fact that the Islamic State was part of the Obama legacy?

Before Obama there was no caliphate. During the Obama years a caliphate grew and became more powerful. Its ability to show itself powerful in the face of the weak Obama policy attracted adherents from around the world. When Obama left office there was still a functioning caliphate. President Trump defeated the caliphate, captured large numbers of ISIS fighters, and ultimately, as of yesterday, eliminated the organization’s chief.

If you put that together and decide that Obama deserves credit for the death of al-Baghdadi you should go back on your meds.

And yet, James Clapper, former Director of National Intelligence said this on CNN:

What is going to be interesting is to the extent to which this negatively affects ISIS or does it galvanize ISIS, the remnants of ISIS, which still survives as an ideology and has franchises in other places besides Syria.

Since Trump might be credited with launching the raid, we are now told that ISIS is really an idea, that it exists elsewhere and that the death of its leader will embolden it. Was this what they said when the Obama administration killed bin Laden?

Or else, read Matt Stieb, in New York Magazine. He first needs to attack Trump, with mockery and ridicule:

The president, who appears to relish violet rhetoric, personal boasting, the defeat of his enemies, and the simplicity of a good vs. evil narrative, announced on Sunday morning that U.S. special forces had killed ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in a raid in northwestern Syria on Saturday. With such a natural lining up of his interests, Trump turned the event into a spectacle, even promoting the press conference on Twitter the night before.

Anytime President Trump speaks for 48 minutes straight, you can expect some pretty unhinged remarks; on Sunday, things started to get weird just 90 seconds in, when Trump described the ISIS leader “whimpering and crying and screaming all the way” to the back of a tunnel in his compound, where he detonated a suicide vest as he was surrounded by three of his children. The president, who did little to hide his enjoyment in the moment, said that “it was just like a movie.”

For those who have no faith in CNN, I will add that a commentator on that network, someone whose name escapes me, explained that Trump had done a great job detailing the raid to the public. The unnamed commentator thanked Trump for describing what happened so well that he and journalists would not need to spend weeks figuring itout for themselves.

Anyway, Stieb seems vaguely offended that Trump was dehumanizing al-Baghdadi:

Trump aim seemed to be dehumanizing al-Baghdadi, the terrorist responsible for the Yazidi genocide, systemized sex slavery within ISIS-controlled territory, and the deaths of thousands in the region. “He was a gutless animal,” Trump said, later adding that “he died in a vicious and violent way, as a coward, running and crying.” He employed one of his frequent, if incoherent, jabs at al-Baghdadi, claiming that he “died like a dog.” In a bizarre piece of symmetry, as Trump degraded the terrorist, he elevated a military canine involved in the raid: “Our K-9, as they call it — I call it a dog, a beautiful dog, a talented dog — was injured and brought back, but we had no soldier injured … We had nobody even hurt. That’s why the dog was so great.”

Tell me that that is not one of the most bizarre paragraphs you have ever had the misfortune to read. Stieb seems to suggest that there is something wrong with dehumanizing a mass murderer, a genocidal maniac, an inveterate homophobe and promoter of gang rapes and sex trafficking. Does he not understand that the propaganda war against ISIS is best advanced by showing its leader to be a sniveling coward? Apparently not.

The raid was named in honor of one Kayla Mueller, a young American woman who was captured by ISIS and who was raped repeatedly by al-Baghdadi himself for months on end… before being killed by an American missile. (via Maggie's Farm) Mueller’s parents did not have as many reservations as the American leftist media.

And then Thomas Friedman, in a column praising Trump, tries to argue that Obama got it right, that ISIS was produced by the Bush administration—you know, after Obama abandoned Iraq and Syria. And then, he dives into the moral equivalence trap and compares al-Baghdadi to Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sissi:

Trump has never met a dictator he did not like. He is blind to the fact that the next al-Baghdadi is being incubated today in some prison in Egypt, where President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt, whom Trump once actually called “my favorite dictator,’’ is not only rounding up violent Jihadists but liberal nonviolent journalists, activists and politicians. Their only crime is that they want to have a say in their country’s future and help to create an environment where they can realize their full potential — so they will not have to look for dignity, power, a job or a girl’s hand from extremist groups like ISIS.

True enough, el Sissi has been cracking down on dissent. You will recall that Egyptian dissidents are most often members of the Muslim Brotherhood or other terrorist organizations.  These have done their best to produce mayhem in the country. The Brotherhood is the godfather of Islamist terrorist organizations. If you know the difference between the Brothers and supposedly liberal journalists I will agree that we should distinguish the one from the other.

We might add that when a Brotherhood leader named Mohamed Morsi won the presidency of Egypt—before being overthrown by a coup lead by el-Sissi— the first  foreign leader to bless his victory with her presence was no less than America’s Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton. 

No one likes to mention it, but Brotherhood voter outreach contained active support for female genital mutilation. Before the election it was sending mobile infirmary vans into the poor neighborhoods of Cairo, the better to allow families to have their daughters mutilated without needing to undergo the indignity of having to go to a clinic or hospital.

Friedman neglects this point. He argues that pro-Iran militias and Syria conspired to help Trump to eliminate al-Baghdadi because they wanted to rid their nation of Sunni influence. He might have added that Sunni Turkey contributed too.

Friedman is sorely offended by the Trump administration’s wish to protect the oil wells, instead of protecting what he called “islands of decency.” A noble thought, offered by a man of surpassing virtue. And yet, where was he when Obama was selling out to Iran and to Islamist terrorist organizations like Hezbollah and Hamas? Was the Iran nuclear deal a way to foster decency? And where was Friedman and where was the Obama administration when the Iranian regime was shooting protesters in the streets during the Green revolution of 2009?

          

Liverpool clash showed what's needed to help struggling £35m star's form

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 Mohamed Salah had another frustrating night in Liverpool’s 2-1 win over Genk. But we saw exactly what’s needed for him to return to his best – time. The Egyptian hasn’t found goals too easy to come by this season. By his standards, anyway, as he does have eight of them. But a good few have […]

The post Liverpool clash showed what's needed to help struggling £35m star's form appeared first on Rousing The Kop.


          

Kouka pulls out of Egypt’s camp due to injury

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Egypt striker Ahmed Hassan Kouka has ruled out of the Pharaohs’ preparation camp after sustaining a knee injury that forced him undergo a surgical intervention El-Badry has recently announced his squad for the two AFCON qualifiers against Kenya and Comoros last week, which included SC Braga forward Kouka. Egypt played their first international friendly since the […]

The post Kouka pulls out of Egypt’s camp due to injury appeared first on KingFut.


          

Hossam El-Badry recalls Ayman Ashraf to Egypt squad

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Egypt’s national team head coach Hossam El-Badry has recalled Al Ahly defender Ayman Ashraf to the national team, days after getting dropped from the squad. Ayman Ashraf was initially included in Hossam El-Badry’s 32-man squad for the 2021 AFCON qualifiers this month. However, the 28-year-old was replaced by Pyramids defender Ahmed Ayman Mansour on Sunday […]

The post Hossam El-Badry recalls Ayman Ashraf to Egypt squad appeared first on KingFut.


          

Michael Owen: Mohamed Salah is obsessed with goals

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Former Liverpool player Michael Owen has talked about Mohamed Salah, saying that the Egypt international has become ‘obsessed’ with goals. Mohamed Salah suffered an ankle during Liverpool’s 2-1 win against Tottenham last week. The 27-year-old returned to action against Aston Villa on Saturday, and most recently, against Genk on Tuesday, where he assisted a goal […]

The post Michael Owen: Mohamed Salah is obsessed with goals appeared first on KingFut.


          

Dean Smith says Trezeguet’s goal was well-deserved

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Aston Villa manager Dean Smith has praised Egypt international Mahmoud Trezeguet after scoring his first goal for the club against Liverpool. Villa suffered a 2-1 defeat to Premier League leaders Liverpool at Villa Park on Saturday. Mahmoud Trezeguet opened the scoring for Villa in the first half, but late goals from Andy Robertson and Sadio […]

The post Dean Smith says Trezeguet’s goal was well-deserved appeared first on KingFut.


          

Bohovia Grékom radili;Jahve Židom Rozkazoval. PôvodNenávisti k Židom. NajväčšíVynálezĽudstva

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Grécki bohovia Grékom len radili. Boh kresťanov je však ako Jahve – Veliteľ, ktorý len rozkazuje! Po smrti Alexandra Veľkého, v roku 323 p. n. l., sa mesto Alexandria, ktoré dal v Egypte postaviť, stalo centrom židovského života v krajine na Níle. Alexandria bola po Ríme druhým najvýznamnejším mestom vtedajšej civilizácie. Alexander v priebehu svojho krátkeho života dobyl [...]
          

Affordable electric cars to launch in Egypt during November

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The electric car set to be put on the Egyptian market by the Ministry of Military Production this November will be affordable to the average citizen, according to the Chairperson of MUT Heavy equipment manufacturing company Michelle Knight. Addressing concerns on how to charge these electric cars, Knight told Al-Watan newspaper that the type planned … Continued

The post Affordable electric cars to launch in Egypt during November appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Zimbabwe’s severe drought killing elephants, other wildlife

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MANA POOLS, Zimbabwe (AP) — Weak from hunger and thirst, the elephant struggled to reach a pool of water in this African wildlife reserve. But the majestic mammal got stuck in the mud surrounding the sun-baked watering hole, which had dramatically shrunk due to a severe drought. Eventually park staff freed the trapped elephant, but … Continued

The post Zimbabwe’s severe drought killing elephants, other wildlife appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Australia’s women footballers get landmark equal pay deal

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Women footballers playing for Australia’s national team will earn the same as their male counterparts under a deal unveiled Wednesday and hailed as landmark for gender equality in sport. Under a new centralized contract system announced by Football Federation Australia (FFA), Matildas stars such as Sam Kerr and Ellie Carpenter will be paid an equal … Continued

The post Australia’s women footballers get landmark equal pay deal appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

World Bank sounds alarm about Lebanon amid protests, crisis

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BEIRUT (AP) — The World Bank called on Lebanese authorities Wednesday to urgently form a new government that can address the country’s worsening economic situation, warning that Lebanon “does not have the luxury of time to waste.” The stark warning came in a statement issued after a meeting between the World Bank’s regional director and … Continued

The post World Bank sounds alarm about Lebanon amid protests, crisis appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Attacker stabs 8 at popular Jordanian tourist site

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AMMAN, Jordan (AP) — A lone attacker on Wednesday stabbed eight people, including four foreign tourists and their tour guide, at a popular archaeological site in northern Jordan, official state-run media said. The incident occurred at Jerash, one of the country’s top tourist destinations. The reports quoted an unnamed security official as saying the wounded … Continued

The post Attacker stabs 8 at popular Jordanian tourist site appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Egypt’s Cabinet approves US$500 million fund for “Inclusive Housing Finance Program”

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The Cabinet approved on Wednesday the World Bank’s US$500 million fund for the “Inclusive Housing Finance Program”, which aims to provide one million houses to low income citizens. The Cabinet added that the fund will help the Ministry of Housing continue constructing the project. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi directed the government to approve the funding, … Continued

The post Egypt’s Cabinet approves US$500 million fund for “Inclusive Housing Finance Program” appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Foreign currencies vary against Egyptian Pound

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Prices for the US dollar and several other currencies varied against the Egyptian pound in several banks, the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) said on Wednesday. According to the updated prices, the average price of the US dollar was LE16.07 for purchase and LE16.20 for selling. Dollar prices have fallen steadily in recent months. The dollar … Continued

The post Foreign currencies vary against Egyptian Pound appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Xi, Macron unite on climate after US withdraws from Paris pact

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Chinese leader Xi Jinping and French President Emmanuel Macron declared on Wednesday that the Paris climate pact was “irreversible”, showing a united front after Washington formally withdrew from the accord this week. Major powers expressed regret and concern after President Donald Trump went ahead with the pullout from the Paris accord despite mounting evidence of … Continued

The post Xi, Macron unite on climate after US withdraws from Paris pact appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Trump calls for ‘war’ on cartels after Mormons murdered in Mexico

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President Donald Trump offered Tuesday to help Mexico hunt the killers of nine Mormon women and children shot dead in a lawless border area, and said the United States stood ready to back its southern neighbor in a “war” on drug cartels. Gunmen ambushed the members of the LeBaron family — a large clan of … Continued

The post Trump calls for ‘war’ on cartels after Mormons murdered in Mexico appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Egypt’s Ministry of Tourism wins World Travel Market 2019 award for “Outstanding Contribution to the Industry”

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Egypt’ Ministry of Tourism has won the World Travel Market’s 2019 Global Leaders Award for “Outstanding Contribution to the Industry”, according to an official statement by the ministry on Tuesday. This prestigious award celebrates the ministry’s contributions towards the global travel and tourism industry in the past 24 months, according to the statement. Additionally, the … Continued

The post Egypt’s Ministry of Tourism wins World Travel Market 2019 award for “Outstanding Contribution to the Industry” appeared first on Egypt Independent.


          

Popular Protest: Palestinian Leaders’ Greatest Fear?

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Both the Palestinian Authority (PA), which rules the West Bank, and Hamas, which rules Gaza, have recently cracked down on journalists, arresting several in recent weeks for criticizing their respective governments; Hamas also incarcerated several activists trying to organize anti-Hamas demonstrations. Khaled Abu Toameh comments:
The latest crackdown on Palestinian journalists [likely] springs from the fear that the current wave of anti-corruption protests sweeping Lebanon, Iraq, Egypt, and other Arab countries may spread to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Earlier this week, Hamas security forces also arrested one of their own officers, Hussein Qatoush, after he posted a video on Facebook in which he complained about the dire economic situation in the Gaza Strip. In the video, Qatoush said he does not have money to pay for transportation from his home to work. . . . In the eyes of Hamas, . . . it seems that any Palestinian who dares to complain about the bad economy in the Gaza Strip is a “traitor” and a “security threat.” Hamas’s latest measures are evidently aimed at preventing a repeat of the widespread demonstrations that erupted in the Gaza Strip last March. Organized by social-media activists, the demonstrators protested the high cost of living and new taxes imposed by Hamas and called for solving the economic crisis in the Gaza Strip, including the high rate of unemployment. The protests, which lasted for a few days, were quickly and brutally crushed by Hamas. Hani al-Masri, a prominent Palestinian political analyst, believes that the current anti-corruption protests sweeping some Arab countries will reach the Palestinian territories. “It is certain that the Arab Spring will arrive, sooner or later, to Palestine,” he said. “The [ruling] Palestinian elite is mostly corrupt and tyrannical [or] incompetent.”

          

Only Decisive Action on the Ground, Not Precision Firepower from Afar, Can Defeat Israel’s Enemies

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In its conflicts fought in the past two decades with Hamas in Gaza and Hizballah in Lebanon, the IDF has a used a strategy based on the combination of precision weapons with detailed intelligence. David M. Weinberg, basing himself on a recent, extensive report, argues that this doctrine has proved to be a failure, and calls for a return to the military principles that served the Jewish state so well in the first three decades of its existence:
In most clashes, a deleterious dynamic has repeated itself. At first, Israel successfully launches a salvo of firepower based on accurate intelligence gathered over a long period of time. Then follows a decline in the quality of targeting intelligence with an attendant reduction in the number of targets that justify a strike, and a recovery by the enemy and a continuation of its attacks against Israel. Subsequent Israeli frustration leads to attacks on targets with high collateral damage or on useless targets, alongside an immense effort to acquire new quality targets, which can lead to an occasional success but does not alter the general picture. What follows is a prolonged campaign—leading to public anger and frustration—and a maneuver by ground forces that is not sufficiently effective to bring the enemy to the point of collapse. Consequently, a return to combat along more traditional lines is inevitable in many cases. This means maneuvering into enemy territory, locating and destroying enemy forces (or capturing them, thus undermining the myth of the self-sacrificing jihadist “resistance”). Only this will break the spirit of the enemy. Consider this, too: while no large conventional armies today threaten Israel, the situation could change. If a radical Muslim Brotherhood regime should rise in a country like Egypt, or if the Syrian army is rebuilt after that country’s civil war, the IDF must be ready. Bear in mind that building ground forces is a complex process that takes time. Neglecting IDF ground-maneuver capabilities is therefore a dangerous gamble.

          

Commentaires sur DÉFI A L’HISTOIRE, OU LE NOUVEAU PARADIGME ! par Quentin

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Concernant le nombre PI, il est évident que les savants Égyptiens en avaient une connaissance exacte. Les rares papyrus mathématique qui existe ne peuvent en aucun contenir toute l'étendue de la science qui étaient aussi réservés à une catégorie de la société si l'on en croit les egyptologues qui admettent que les prêtres ne divulguaient pas l'intégralité de leur savoir. La chambre haute illustre parfaitement le rapport entre PI, la coudée royale, le mètre, le nombre d'or, le triangle 3,4,5 et le double carré... Il y a une chance sur 19000 environ que la relation entre mètre, PI PHI et coudée soit le fruit d'un hasard fortuit. (publication en cours) Après, il est dommage que vous n'ayez pu comprendre les notions d'angles d'azimuth entre les monuments, car c'est en cela que réside la clef de l'astro-géométrie. Il vous faire un véritable effort pour dépasser vos propres compétences en mathématiques, et je suis certains que vous le pouvez si vous le désirez vraiment. C'est regrettable, mais sans cet effort, vous ne pouvez comprendre ce qui se trouve là. Quant aux orientations précises des pyramides, elles sont exceptionnelles, mais je reste convaincu que les Égyptiens étaient bien plus précis et que ces erreurs n'en sont pas. Les orientations correspondent probablement à des visées d'une très grande précision, mais cela nous échappe encore.
          

Commentaires sur DÉFI A L’HISTOIRE, OU LE NOUVEAU PARADIGME ! par Tulane

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Bonjour Quentin, J'ai regardé avec intérêt votre vidéo "défi à l'histoire..." Je vais vous faire deux remarques: 1- Vous affirmez que le nombre PI est dans la pyramide avec le rapport de la demi base / hauteur soit 880 / 280 = PI. C'est évidemment faux 880/280 = 22/7 alors que PI est incommensurable. De plus 3.1416... ne voulait rien dire pour les anciens égyptiens qui n'utilisaient pas la numérotation décimale. un nombre non entier était la somme d'un entier et d'une série de fractions sous la forme d'inverse d'un entier, par exemple 2.25 pour nous était 2 + 1/4 pour eux. Mais, on peut rapprocher ce rapport 22/7 du papyrus de RIND qui donne la "recette" égyptienne pour la quadrature du cercle: La surface d'un cercle de 9 de diamètre est celle du carré de 8 de coté, en développant on trouve que le PIEgyptien du papyrus est le rapport 256/81 ou en notation égyptienne 3+ 1/7 + 10/567 que l'on peut encore développer, mais 3 + 1/7 c'est exactement 22/7 et diffère de PI de 4/10000, mais ce n'est pas PI! On ne peut en conclure que la méthode du papyrus de RIND est très pratico- pratique et donne une erreur de 2% dont ils se contentaient. Prendre le rapport de 22/7 comme un message crypté à la postérité est très exagéré. 2- Vous faites un long exposé sur des angles remarquables, auquel je n'ai rien compris, mais là encore vous utilisez une notation en degrés qui ne signifiait rien pour les anciens Égyptiens qui caractérisaient un angle par sa tangente ou sinus ou cosinus. L'angle que fait avec l'horizontale la face de la pyramide de Khéops 51°8, pour nous ne signifie rien, mais pour les constructeurs beaucoup plus, car sa tangente est une fraction simple 14/11 et son sinus exactement l'inverse, le développement de ces deux fractions donne l’addition de mesures égyptiennes standard ce qui facilitait pour eux les mesures, par exemple le sinus est la somme d'un grand empan et d'une double paume rapportée à la coudée. Si on examine ainsi tous les angles importants des pyramides on trouve ce type de propriétées. J'ajouterai ceci, l'orientation NS précise des pyramides couplée avec le choix judicieux des angles des faces, leur permettait en cours de construction d'utiliser directement le soleil pour vérifier les alignements des faces ainsi que celui des arêtes avec une grande précision. Et donc là je vous rejoins, ces angles ne sont pas le fruit du hasard, mais d'un savoir faire d'architectes et de bâtisseurs, cependant rien ne permet de dire qu'ils relèvaient d'une science ésotérique.
          

Top Nigeria’s Badminton players begin a quest for Olympic qualifier in Egypt

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Nigeria and the best African players Dorcas Adesokan, Anuoluwapo Opeyori, and Godwin Olofua will begin their search for the Olympic qualification at the 2019 international tournament in Egypt. The tournament will take place on Thursday, but the trio will join now, the action on Friday at the main tables during the round of 16. The […]
          

لوكر دواليب صاج جميع المقاسات جوده مطابقة للمواصفات الأوروبية بسعر منافس

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دواليب صاج من 1 ضلفه حتي 9 ضلفه ارقي الدهانات الالكتروستاتيك باسعار مناسبه ومواصفات منافسه قابله الفك والتركيب وسهوله تخزينها للتصدير بأقل تكاليف شحن مزودة بقاعده بها مستويات مختلفه لضبط اتزانها علي اي ارضيه متخصصين منذ أكثر من 20 عام في مجال الاثاث المكتبي +201220232705 بالقاهرة مدينة بدر مصدرين للعديد من الدول العربية ايميل MasterEgypt40@gmail.com
          

تنايات مواسير بدميع المقاسات بنصف سعر السوق ضمان عامين

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تنايات مواسير من 1 بوصه حتي 6 بوصه بجميع المقاسات ومختلف القدرات هيدروليك و يدوي بنص سعر السوق ضمان عامين تدريب مجاني وفحص مستمر بعد البيع قطع غيار اتحاد اوروبي مدماركو لمعدات تشكيل الصاج خبره اكثر من 40 عام لنا سابقه اعمال داخل مص و خارجها في الدول العربية E-Mail: masteregypt40@gmail.com موبايل-واتس اب : م/عبدالرحمن: +201220232705 عنوان: مصر القاهره مدينه بدر طريق السويس المنطقه الرابعه الصناعيه
          

مطلوب وكيل بالسعودية أو موزع لشركه معدات تشكيل الصاج والمواسير مصري المنشأ بمكونات اوروبي

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مطلوب وكيل بالسعوديه لشركه تصنيع معدات تشكيل الصاج والمواسير بمصر متخصصين منذ ٤٢ عام بمجال المقصات والتنايات والدرافيل والمكابس الهيدروليكية بجميع انواعهاا و طعاجات مواسير +201220232705 بالقاهرة مدينة بدر شركة مدماركو ايميل : MasterEgypt40@gmail.com
          

مقص صاج طعاجات درافيل لفافات مكابس تنايه مواسير بجميع القدرات

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تصنيع معدات تشكيل صاج .. تنايات مقصات درافيل مكابس هيدروليك ويدوي بجميع الانواع ومختلف المقاسات والقدرات .. ضمان سنتين .. مطابقه للمواصفات العالميه ولدينا سابقه اعمال مع اكبر الشركات العربيه في مصر والسعوديه و السودان واليمن و نيجيريا بنصف سعرالسوق Masteregypt40@gmail.com للتواصل عبر الاتصال او واتس اب : +201220232705
          

‘Violence, atrocities and impunity’ reign throughout Libya, ICC prosecutor tells UN Security Council

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INTERNATIONAL, 6 November 2019, Peace and Security - Libya remains entangled in a “cycle of violence, atrocities and impunity”, International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda told the UN Security Council on Wednesday, nearly a decade since the Court began its work in the country.

“There has been an escalation of violence”, she stated, citing reports indicating a “high number of civilian deaths, thousands of persons internally displaced, and a sharp increase in abductions, disappearances and arbitrary arrests across Libya”. 

The Prosecutor underscored that without the “unequivocal support” of the Council and international community to end the Libyan conflict, the country risks being “embroiled in persistent and protracted conflict and continued fratricide”.

‘Grave international crimes’ 

She informed the room that arrest warrants are still outstanding for “three ICC fugitives” accused of “grave international crimes”, including war crimes and crimes against humanity, including “persecution, imprisonment, torture, and other inhumane acts”. 

Prosecutor at briefing on : “Implosion of Libya must carry a heavy burden on conscience of international community & galvanize meaningful action to assist Libyan authorities to bring stability to the country & an end to cycle of violence, atrocities & impunity”

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Prosecutor at briefing on situation in : “I must observe w/t serious concern that there has been an escalation of violence in over the reporting period. This trend must be stopped”
View image on Twitter

“Perpetrators of serious international crimes are emboldened when they believe they will never face justice”, Ms. Bensouda continued, adding that this “cycle of impunity has provided a breeding ground for atrocities in Libya”. 

She pointed out that with the fugitives at large, “justice still eludes the victims of their alleged crimes”. 

Referencing “reliable information” the Prosecutor said that Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi, is believed to be in Zintan, Libya; Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled is in the Benghazi area; while Mahmoud Mustafa Busayf Al-Werfalli is in Cairo, Egypt.  

Impunity “serves both as an obstacle and a threat to stability and must be checked through the force of law”, she maintained. 

She said Mr. Al-Werfalli appeared to have been “rewarded for his behaviour”, having been promoted twice by the leadership of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) which is still laying siege to the capital Tripoli – first of all in 2017, after videos depicting the first four unlawful executions he allegedly perpetrated, had been posted online. 

“The effective power to arrest and surrender ICC suspects rests solely with States”, she asserted, adding that her Office is however, “developing, in coordination with States, enhanced strategies and methodologies to track and arrest suspects”. 

The Prosecutor underscored the need for “a concerted international effort to ensure accountability for atrocity crimes” to break the cycle.

“Through the arrest and surrender of the ICC fugitives, the international community can begin to bring justice to the victims in Libya and help prevent future crimes”, she said, calling on all States “to do everything in their power to ensure the surrender of all three ICC Libya fugitives to the Court”. 

A grave situation

Ms. Bensouda was “deeply alarmed” by reports indicating that since April “more than 100 civilians have been killed, 300 injured and 120,000 displaced” during fighting, calling for all combatants to “pay heed to the rules of international humanitarian law”. 

The people of Libya deserve peace and stability – ICC Prosecutor

Condemning all unlawful violence in Libya, she spelled out, “Let me be clear: I will not hesitate to bring new applications for warrants of arrest against those most responsible for alleged crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the ICC”. 

Targeting migrants

Turning to crimes against migrants, she recalled that “the ICC is a court of last resort”, and only acts when States do not “investigate and prosecute serious international crimes”.

However, through collecting and analysing documentary, digital and testimonial evidence on alleged crimes in detention centres, her Office has facilitated progress in “a number of investigations and prosecutions relating to crimes against migrants in Libya”. 

In closing she flagged that the country will continue to be a priority for her Office next year, saying, “the people of Libya deserve peace and stability”. 


          

Amos 8:7-8

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Amos 8:7-8  

(7) The LORD has sworn by the pride of Jacob:
"Surely I will never forget any of their works.
(8) Shall the land not tremble for this,
And everyone mourn who dwells in it?
All of it shall swell like the River,
Heave and subside
Like the River of Egypt.

In Amos 4:2 God swore by His holiness, all of His moral integrity, His very nature. He also swore by Himself (Amos 6:8), indicating everything that He is and His sovereignty over all creation. Israel was not impressed. So God says, "Look, I have sworn by My holiness and by Myself, and that didn't carry any weight with you. So now I will swear by something so great—your own pride—that you can't refuse!" What irony! God says if He swears by something of theirs, it may mean more to them than if He swears by something of His!

This passage also shows that when man gets out of step with God, then nature too begins to suffer. Beauty begins to be replaced by ugliness. We begin to see huge piles of slag, polluted rivers, foul-smelling garbage dumps, expanding deserts, and denuded forests. Finally, when the land begins to vomit the people out (Leviticus 18:24-28), they may show a belated interest in God and His truth, but it will be too late to stop the destruction. The time is right—the fruit is ripe, so God will punish them.

Consider what is currently happening in our Western nations of Israel. God shows a connection between nature and human morality; "natural" disasters are acts of God in response to the moral condition of the people. If men will treat other men, created in the image of God, in an immoral way, how will they treat the land, forests, rivers, lakes, and oceans? Because these things seemingly cannot fight back, man will abuse them with no fear of reprisal. But God says that the environment will fight back and vomit them out!

Instead of rain falling in a gentle mist, it will roar like an avalanche until the inhabitants cannot cope with it. The rivers will swell and flood the land in anger, washing the topsoil into the sea. In other areas, fire will sweep over forests and farmlands, destroying everything in its path. Windstorms like hurricanes and tornadoes will devastate the cities and countryside, endangering the lives and livelihoods of the people. Earthquakes will increase in both frequency and power, costing thousands of lives and billions of dollars of damage. These disasters will mount to such an intensity that the people of modern Israel may seek repentance, but it will be too late. God will not pass by anymore.


 

— John W. Ritenbaugh

To learn more, see:
Prepare to Meet Your God! (The Book of Amos) (Part Two)



 



          

EGYPT/CONGO/ANGOLA : Former Soco execs refill the company coffers in Egypt

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Meet The Prairie View Student That Created This Dope Pyramid Eye Palette

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With SmooveGal's new Egyptian Paradise Palette, 20-year-old Autumn Hulett is proving that she's a makeup icon in the making.
          

Who were the Cyrenian Jews in the Bible?

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In Ancient times, the Cyrenian Jews were a large Hebrew population that lived in Cyrene, a city of Libya in North Africa, between Egypt and Carthage. Cyrene was a chief…

The post Who were the Cyrenian Jews in the Bible? appeared first on BibleAsk.


          

11/07/2019 - Ocean Film Festival World Tour

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Ocean loving audiences will be able to immerse themselves in the wonders of the ocean without getting their feet wet as the Ocean Film Festival World Tour makes a splash in theatres and cinemas across the country. The festival, which features a carefully curated selection of the world’s most captivating ocean-themed will light up the screen at the Mary D. Fisher Theatre on Thursday, Nov. 7 at 4 and 7 p.m., presented by the Sedona International Film Festival.

Designed to mesmerize and captivate, the Ocean Film Festival World Tour showcases sublime footage taken above and below the water’s surface.  The films document the beauty and power of the ocean, and celebrate the divers, surfers, swimmers and oceanographers who live for the sea’s salt spray; who chase the crests of waves; and who marvel at the mysteries of the big blue.

Heart-stopping shots of surfers riding wild waves and adrenaline-inducing scenes of divers swimming with white sharks will leave audiences on the edges of their seats. Viewers will gasp for breath as they follow the stunning marine life in Patagonia and the Artic and embark on a record-breaking voyage.

The Ocean Film Festival World Tour will feature the following films:

EMOCEAN
A love letter to the ocean from surfers, fishermen, marine scientists and people with a shared passion for the sea and how it makes them feel.  This stunning film is a documentary with soul; a salty blend of stories by the eclectic assortment of people sharing tales of adventure, adrenaline, inspiration, love, loss and their relationship with the ocean.  

PEACE WITHIN
Extreme artist Philip Gray was has travelled far and wide to places like Mount Everest, Antarctica and deep into the Borneo Rainforest to capture what he sees on canvas. In what is quite possibly one of his most ambitious projects Gray heads to Quintana Roo in Mexico with the aim of capturing the Cenotes by painting underwater.

MANRY AT SEA: IN THE WAKE OF A DREAM
In 1965 Robert Manry a seemingly typical middle-aged suburbanite in Cleveland, Ohio, threw caution to the wind and set sail on a solo voyage across the Atlantic.  With a goal of sailing from Falmouth in the US to Falmouth in the UK this ocean adventure will have you captivated from start to finish.  A must see for ocean lovers, adventurers and boat enthusiasts alike.  

SURFACE
In a photographic niche defined by familiar angles, Ben Thouard is driven by his desire to create something original in surf photography.  His stunning and unique half/half shots have captivated ocean photographers around the globe.  Gain an insight into Ben’s love of his craft, his devotion to capturing “the shot” and his stunning adopted homeland of Tahiti.

SOUTHERN RIGHT WHALE
A hymn to nature, a cinematographic poem.  A complete sensory immersion into the heart of the Patagonian sea following the life of Southern Right Whales.  A must see on the big screen.

ADVENTURE IS CALLING  
Take a deep breath and explore the majestic underwater world from Egypt, Mexico, Philippines, U.S.A to the Bahamas.  Enjoy close encounters with marine life large and small.  Scuba diving is much more than a recreational sport, diving is about adventure, exploring the unknown, and the sense of freedom felt every time you sink beneath the surface.  

I AM FRAGILE
Captured across 6,000km from West Greenland to Nuanvut, Canada this stunning short film explores the remote Arctic and showcases the spectacular landscapes and wildlife of Devon Island, Bylot Island, Baffin Island, Somerset Island and the large Lancaster Sound.  Certain to create a lasting visual message that would inspire all who viewed it to protect this wild yet fragile region.  

SURFER DAN
Beyond the waves; the ocean, the sand, and the sun are a few elements that come to mind when you think of surfing.  But for this particular landlocked ocean lover, he finds all that he needs in the icy waves of Lake Superior, Michigan in the dead of winter.

The Sedona tour stop of the Ocean Film Festival World Tour is made possible by a generous grant from the Arizona Community Foundation of Sedona.

The Ocean Film Festival World Tour will show at the Mary D. Fisher Theatre on Thursday, Nov. 7 at 4 and 7 p.m. Tickets are $15 general admission, or $12.50 for Film Festival members. For tickets and more information, please call 928-282-1177. Both the theatre and film festival office are located at 2030 W. Hwy. 89A, in West Sedona. For more information, visit: www.SedonaFilmFestival.org.


 
          

Porn. Panic. Ban.

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#PornBan. It’s like a rash, this impulse to ban porn all over the world – despite protests that are going viral. The Twitter hashtag #pornban sprung up in July 2015 as the Indian government blocked 857 porn sites, 1 and then backtracked a bit, 2 asking internet service providers (ISPs) to unblock those that don’t contain child pornography. Which makes service providers the arbiters of our constitutionally guaranteed right to freedom of expression, deciding what we may or may not see. Seriously?

The United Kingdom recently banned a number of sex acts online, 3 including female ejaculation, even while there were almost 250,000 hits on porn sites from IP addresses in the buildings housing parliament. 4 The UK government is now asking porn sites to collect proof 5 that their visitors are adults. Will this data be stored privately and not used for other purposes? A valid question in an age of mass surveillance, hacks on “cheating” sites 6 and hacker releases of private information, including sexual preferences. 7

Iceland 8 has been threatening to ban “violent” online porn since 2013. Indonesia 9 and Turkey 10 have blocked lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) content in the name of banning porn. The Philippines 11 has outlawed cybersex and cam girls, while a religious lobby in Australia 12 is pushing for anti-piracy laws to be extended to porn. Porn possession is illegal in Botswana, 13 Egypt 14 and Uganda. 15 And even as the Israel-Palestine conflict escalated in 2012, Hamas managed to ban “full” internet porn in the Gaza Strip. 16 Whatever that means.

Porn. Panic. Ban. That’s pretty much the policy response in many parts of the world.

But what is it about porn that terrifies so many governments, derails feminist sensibilities, offends the religious right, and attracts so many users? How can we change the way we “see” porn?

***
Lesbian. Threesome. Squirt. Change the words and you change the lens. From the user’s perspective, porn leads to pleasure, not panic. That’s what porn has always been about, from ancient times, when it found its first mention in the word porneia. 17 This Greek word was varyingly defined as fornication, whoredom, promiscuity and adultery, all of which have two things in common: sex and pleasure. For most users, that’s what porn is really about: sexual pleasure. (Dirty, dirty.) Arousal. (Dirty, dirty.) Orgasm. (Dirty, dirty.) Problem is that in the parental gaze called policy, sex is kinda dirty. (Dirty, dirty.)

Problem is that in this global policy gaze, the sexual pleasure-seeker aka Porn User is always a man. Even though globally a quarter of porn viewers are women. 18 Make that 35% in Brazil and the Philippines, 24% in France, 23% in India and Argentina, and come on, Japanese women, you 17% laggards. 19 A 2015 survey of Pornhub and Redtube, 20 which gets 40 million viewers each month, shows that women like watching women. (And Kim Kardashian, James Deen, pussy-licking and rough sex.) “What immediately jumps out is that ladies prefer to take their time, with their average visits to the site lasting a lavish 10 minutes and 10 seconds, compared to men who go for just 9:22,” notes the cocky analysis. “Treat yourselves, ladies!”

So one gender gap is slowly closing as porn moves indoors from the publicness of peepshows and DVD parlours to the relative privacy of one’s own home. (We should be celebrating, not lamenting this “normalisation” of porn, no?) And don’t forget how notions of privacy shape behaviour here. No Peeping Toms. No looking over one’s shoulder. No idea of what we get off on so long as porn sites don’t start matching individual viewers to their viewing habits. Which means that even though “lesbian”, “threesome” and “squirt” are the top three terms that women searched for on Pornhub and RedTube in 2015, the data is anonymised and secure. (Hopefully.) No one’s going to land up at their doorsteps to blackmail them. (Hopefully.) They’re not going to be branded with the scarlet letter P, the digital equivalent of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s analog adulteress, 21 forced to wear the letter A in the 17th century.

Yes. Porn is becoming a bit of a Scarlet Letter – a private act portrayed as a public menace. Privacy is the right to be let alone, wrote Justices Warren and Brandeis of the United States (US) Supreme Court in their iconic 1890 essay. 22 That too was in a context when new media technologies – “instantaneous photographs”, “newspaper enterprises”, “mechanical devices” – were producing panic. Technological change has, of course, always given rise to panic: even the sewing machine was once thought to create deviant desires in women, as they rhythmically moved their legs up and down to its gentle whirr. And women, of course, have always been subjected to moral panics and moralistic privacy 23 when it comes to sexuality, notes law professor Anita L. Allen. One that is associated with “heightened modesty”, self-concealment, and chastity. (Don’t show yourself. Don’t watch other women. In short, no pornification.) Porn’s genteel cousin, erotica, has also faced similar panics. Remember the ban on D. H. Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover 24 in the 1960s?

Problem is, in the policy gaze, women are still stuck in the passenger seat when it comes to sex. It imagines the hubby coming home, all pumped up, and asking the missus to go beyond the missionary position. Just like he saw on his iPad mini. (Dirty, dirty.) You see? Man, driver. Woman, passenger. From the first utterance of porneia, men have been seen as the drivers of sex, women its passengers. Never mind that this is rooted in another P – Patriarchy – which insists that women must have no sexual desire, let alone know pleasure-enhancing postures. (Dirty, dirty). Never mind that many women still can’t refuse men sex, or get them to wear condoms. Never mind every inequality between men and women that pops up everywhere, including in the bedroom. If there was greater equality between the genders, fewer women would feign headaches when they don't want to have sex.

That’s gender inequality. That’s what we need to fix. But it’s so much easier to blame porn for patriarchy, no?

***
Multi-million. Dollar. Industry. This is how anti-porn crusaders often refer to porn. It’s a magic bullet, this phrase, guaranteed to derail logic. Guaranteed to make folks see red. As if we’re not doing all sorts of things like buying biscuits and Maggi noodles and data connections from multi-million dollar enterprises.

Of course we’re all proponents of the small, the stand-alone, the artisanal. But. Can porn be damned just because it’s big business? Let’s stop eating Glucose biscuits first. And must we start loving all independent 25 or homemade porn, right from consenting cam girls to non-consensual hidden cam porn in cyber cafés? Nah. Like in other industries, porn production is “ethical”, when there are no unfair or exploitative contractual or labour practices. When performers are not being pushed to perform sex acts beyond the contract or without condoms. But that’s not enough. Porn is legit, first and foremost, if it’s based on consent. And consent cuts all the way down the line: from those who are paid to perform porn to those who freely turn their images into porn for private pleasure. That some of these images end up as non-consensual porn – often called revenge porn – is a problem that policy makers in some countries have finally begun to tackle, notably in the US where revenge porn is a crime in several states. 26

But try asking anti-porn campaigners to use consent as a yardstick. No. In the anti-porn worldview, ALL porn causes harm to ALL women: those who consume it and those who don’t. All porn objectifies and dehumanises women, never mind women who have starred as “personified” subjects! In this camp, there’s only one kind of porn – in which men treat women as instruments to satisfy their sexual desires. In which porn is the villain with a capital P, mutating “healthy” sexual desires and relationships into “unhealthy” ones. 27 It’s never about mutual pleasure or that there are as many kinds of porn as there are sexual desires. Including queer crip porn. 28 It’s rarely about porn performers who don’t see themselves as victims. Or the issues porn performers themselves raise. “My stage name is less about withholding parts of myself or maintaining privacy than it is a symbol of the idea that I am more than just my job or any other isolated slice of my identity,” says US porn performer, Stoya. 29 “Yes, there’s a paradox here in that I willingly engage in work that reduces me to a few sexual facets of myself but expect to be seen as a multifaceted person outside of that work. I participate in an illusion of easy physical access…”

If objectification is the charge that some feminists typically hurl at porn, addiction is its moralist cousin. In the digital porn discourse, access is often vilified as “addiction” with untold consequences. Portrayed as a drug. A petitioner to India's parliament argues that online porn must be banned before we turn into the equivalent of “Motherless or Fatherless America”. 30 This trend is “related to those ‘orphaned’ children, whose father or mother, though alive, are addicted to cyberpornography and don’t take any care of their children or the family,” the petitioner argues. Another #pornban petitioner in India's Supreme Court raises this bombast to untold heights. 31 “Nothing can more efficiently destroy a person, fizzle their mind, evaporate their future, eliminate their potential or destroy society like pornography,” he argues. “It is so terrible that many do not even recognize it until it is too late, and most refuse to admit it. It is worse than Hitler, worse than AIDS, cancer or any other epidemic. It is more catastrophic than nuclear holocaust, and it must be stopped.”

This #pornban petition goes on to hold online pornography accountable for increasing violence against women, an emotive charge (like “multi-million dollar industry”) that unites moralists and many feminists. Does porn cause rape? Or, as feminist Robin Morgan famously argued in the 1970s, is “porn the theory, rape the practice”? 32 No. Even those who campaign against porn warily agree there’s no evidence to back this charge. 33 In the 1990s, one research study looked at four countries where porn was freely available in the previous two decades, including “aggressive porn”. 34 In all four countries, the availability of pictorial porn – including violent porn – had gone from “extreme scarcity to relative abundance” in the study period. It noted that other studies have shown that “rapists' and nonrapists' immediate sexual reactions to presentations of pornography showed generally greater arousal to non-violent scenes.” It concluded that in none of the countries did “rape increase more than nonsexual violent crimes. This finding in itself would seem sufficient to discard the hypothesis that pornography causes rape.” 35

Disregarding such evidence, anti-porn feminists continue to insist that porn is an act of sexual violence, that porn is not “words” and “images”, that porn is not speech to be protected. 36 Not media. This positioning is, of course, part of the problem, since it exceptionalises porn, locating it in a category by itself, unlike other speech or media. But seriously, what is porn – composed of words, sounds and images, albeit of naked bodies – if not media? Innumerable studies indicate that there is no causal relationship between media representations and realities, that spectators hold diverse and different positions to what they view. 37 Do we hold on-screen rape depictions in feature films responsible for causing actual rapes? No. Do we hold on-screen depictions of murder responsible for causing actual murders? No. Then why hold on-screen porn responsible for real-life rape and sexual assault? Why blame the representation for the reality in this one case alone? What’s so unique about porn – another media representation – that it must be singled out thus? Are naked bodies inherently harmful? Or what?

***
In a 2009 TED talk that went viral, Cindy Gallop, a 50-something fan of hardcore porn, described how she sees online porn. 38 “I have sex with younger men…” in their 20s, she says, “and encounter directly the effect of a flood of hardcore porn.” One of these effects is the misbelief that women love men coming on their faces, a porn staple. “There’s an entire generation growing up that believes that what you see in hardcore pornography is the way that you have sex,” says Gallop. “Hardcore porn has become sex education.” But why has hardcore porn become sex education? One, because it’s easily available. Two, because there’s no other sex education. Three, because we’re so puritanical about sex, we won’t talk about it to our kids. Ergo, vacuum. Enter, online porn. As a “mature experienced self-confident older woman,” Gallop is adept at telling her 20-something lovers: “No, thank you very much. I’d rather you did not come on my face.”

As a user, how would Gallop change porn? “Reorient, reeducate, rehabilitate” is her motto. In other words, resocialise minds, reshape headspaces, rewire neutrons away from the dungheap of patriarchy. Towards a more equitable gender-friendly porn. Sounds like sex-positive feminism to me. Her site 39 busts a bunch of porn myths including balloon boobs, while understanding that porn is play, a pleasure-enhancer, like sex toys. A form of sexual expression. In another TED talk that went viral, erotic filmmaker Erika Lust talks about how it’s time for porn to change. 40 Change. Not vanish. How it’s time to fight unethical porn with ethical porn, counter-porn, porn that makes women and transpersons 41 the subjects of their sexual journeys, pleasures and destinations.

That’s right. Change porn, not ban it. Think about it. Seriously. Think how we try to change other media representations – through critique, debate, dialogue and alternative representations. Not through bans, right? If policy makers understood porn as sexual expression, why would they want to ban it?

***
So what should we really think about when we think about porn? Consent. We need to respect the consent of those who enact porn – if it’s given, even to enacting “rape porn”, dare we cavil? And we need to start getting justice for those who never dreamed they’d end up as digital porn – without their consent. Any image that turns into porn without consent can cause actual harm, not the imaginary variety – harm that wrecks lives, jobs, careers, relationships, self-image and identities. Harm that causes real damage, both on and offline. Harm that is harmful enough to be called out and punished as a crime. When actual rapes turn into digital porn, spreading from phone to phone, as is the case in Pakistan and India, that’s harm. And that’s three counts of consent being violated: one, in forcing sex without consent; two, in filming forced sex without consent; three, in circulating this clip without consent. When physical rape turns into digital porn we know one thing for sure: it’s time to start talking consent. It’s time to start talking harm.

If we really want to “do something” about porn, it’s time we stopped talking about its imagined harms. It’s time we started talking about actual harms. It’s time we started talking along the fault lines of consent.

References

1 Government of India, Ministry of Communication & IT, Department of Telecommunications. (2015). DOT Order Blocking 857 Websites on Grounds of Decency and Morality. cis-india.org/internet-governance/resources/dot-morality-block-order-2015-07-31/view

2 Reuters. (2015, 5 August). India withdraws order to block pornography sites. Reuters. in.reuters.com/article/2015/08/05/india-porn-ban-idINKCN0QA0KK20150805

3 Saul, H. (2015, 13 September). UK porn legislation: What is now banned under new government laws. The Independent. www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/uk-porn-legislation-what-is-now-banned-under-new-government-laws-9898541.html

4 Withnall, A. (2015, 27 July). Porn in Parliament: Palace of Westminster computers made 250,000 attempts to 'access pornography last year. The Independent. www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/parliament-computers-made-250000-attempts-to-access-pornography-at-palace-of-westminster-10418449.html

5 Doctorow, C. (2015, 3 August). David Cameron will publish the financial details and viewing habits of all UK porn watchers. BoingBoing. boingboing.net/2015/08/03/david-cameron-will-publish-the.html

6 Elgot, J, Hern, A, & Weaver, M. (2015, 21 July). Ashley Madison adultery site hack: Will I be found out? The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/21/ashley-madison-adultery-site-hack-will-i-be-found-out-what-you-need-to-know

7 Fox-Brewster, T. (2015, 19 August). Location, Sexual Preference, Weight: Embarrassing Ashley Madison customer date published by hackers. Forbes. www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2015/08/19/ashley-madison-breach-is-awful

8 The Economist. (2013, 23 April). Why does liberal Iceland want to ban pornography? The Economist. www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2013/04/economist-explains-why-iceland-ban-pornography

9 Institut Pelangi Perempuan. (2014). Queering Internet Governance in Indonesia. erotics.apc.org/research/queering-internet-governance-indonesia

10 Tremblay, P. (2015, 27 April). 'Unnatural' porn becomes ticket to jail in Turkey. US News & World Report. www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/04/27/unnatural-porn-becomes-ticket-to-jail-in-turkey

11 BBC News. (2012, 20 September). BBC outlaws cybersex and 'cam girls'. BBC News. www.bbc.com/news/technology-19659801

12 Turner, A. (2015, 24 June). Porn will be next on Australia's website blocking agenda. Sydney Morning Herald. www.smh.com.au/digital-life/computers/gadgets-on-the-go/porn-will-be-next-on-australias-websiteblocking-agenda-20150624-ghw60w.html

13 APA. (2015, 13 March). Botswana: Three arrested for cyber porn material. Star Africa. en.starafrica.com/news/botswana-three-arrested-for-cyber-porn-material.html

14 RT. (2015, 20 May). Egypt's top court bans porn sites, demands enforcement. RT Question More Live. www.rt.com/news/260609-egypt-ban-porn-websites

15 Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa. (2015). Anti-pornography Act: Human rights activists and civil society organisations challenge the legality of the act in Constitutional Court, Uganda www.sihanet.org/news/anti-pornography-act-human-rights-activists-and-civil-society-organisations-challenge-legality

16 Daily Mail. (2012, 3 September). Hamas bans internet porn in Gaza Strip as Islamic hardliners crack down on Palestinian freedoms. www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2197876/Hamas-bans-internet-porn-Gaza-Strip-Islamic-hardliners-crackdown-Palestinian-freedoms.html

17 Biblehub. biblehub.com/greek/4202.htm

18 IANS. (2015, 1 August). Boys ain't having all the fun: Indian women watch more porn now. Hindustan Times. www.hindustantimes.com/sexandrelationships/boys-ain-t-having-all-the-fun-indian-women-watch-more-porn-now/article1-1375150.aspx

19 Pornhub Insights. (2015, 25 July). More of what women want. www.pornhub.com/insights/women-gender-demographics-searches

20 Ibid.

21 McCrum, R. (2014, 6 January). The 100 Best Novels: No 16 – The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/books/2014/jan/06/scarlet-letter-nathaniel-hawthorne-100-best-novels

22 Warren, S. D., & Brandeis, L. D. (1890). The Right to Privacy. Harvard Law Review, 4(5), 193-220. www.jstor.org/stable/1321160

23 Allen, A. L. (2000). Gender and Privacy in Cyberspace. Faculty Scholarship, Paper 789. scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1788&context=faculty_scholarship

24 Robertson, G. (2010, 22 October). The trial of Lady Chatterley's Lover. The Guardian. www.theguardian.com/books/2010/oct/22/dh-lawrence-lady-chatterley-trial

25 Morris, C. (2014, 17 January). The economics of being an independent porn star. CNBC. www.cnbc.com/2014/01/17/the-economics-of-being-an-independent-porn-star.html

26 End Revenge Porn. www.endrevengeporn.org/revenge-porn-laws

27 Massey, A. (2015, 3 April). Porn is not coming for our sex lives. Pacific Standard. www.psmag.com/books-and-culture/its-all-ok-you-can-watch-some-porn-right-after-you-read-this-article

28 Loree Erickson, Porn Star Academic. femmegimp.org

29 Stoya. (2014, 8 March). Can we learn about privacy from porn stars? New York Times. www.nytimes.com/2014/03/09/opinion/sunday/can-we-learn-about-privacy-from-porn-stars.html?hpw&_r=0

30 Prabhudesai, A. (12 June 2013). Petition to ban pornography by amending IT Act filed in Parliament. Trak.in. trak.in/random/ban-pornography-petition-1203

31 Singh, M. (2015, 10 July). Kamlesh Vaswani v. Union of India & Ors. One Law Street. onelawstreet.com/2015/07/pornography-ban-kamlesh-vaswani

32 Morgan, R. (1977). Going Too Far: The Personal Chronicle of a Feminist. New York: Random House.

33 Jensen, R., with Okrina, D. (2004). Pornography and Sexual Violence. National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women. www.vawnet.org/sexual-violence/print-document.php?doc_id=418&find_type=web_desc_AR

34 Kutchinsky, B. (1991.) Pornography and rape: theory and practice? Evidence from crime data in four countries where pornography is easily available. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 14(1-2), 47-64. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2032762

35 Ibid.

36 MacKinnon, C, & Dworkin, R. (1994, 3 March). Pornography: An Exchange. New York Review of Books. www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/1994/mar/03/pornography-an-exchange

37 Tait, S. (2008). Pornographies of Violence? Internet Spectatorship on Body Horror. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 25(1), 91-111. www.researchgate.net/publication/232838902_Pornographies_of_Violence_Internet_Spectatorship_on_Body_Horror

38 Gallop, C. (2009, 2 December). Make love, not porn. TEDTalk. www.youtube.com/watch?v=FV8n_E_6Tpc

39 Porn world vs Real world. makelovenotporn.com/myths/facial

40 Lust, E. (2014, 1 November). It's time for porn to change. TEDx Vienna. erikalust.com/ted-talk

41 Nadika, N. (2015, 1 April). Supporting ethical queer porn. The Orinam Blog. orinam.net/supporting-ethical-queer-porn

42 BBC News. (2015, 26 February). How a rape was filmed and shared in Pakistan. BBC News. www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-31313551

43 Nelson, D. (2015, 13 April). Indian campaigner inundated by gang rape videos. The Telegraph. www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/india/11533852/Indian-campaigner-inundated-by-gang-rape-videos.html

44 Datta, B. (2015, 29 May). Porn. Panic. Ban. GenderIT. www.genderit.org/feminist-talk/porn-panic-ban

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The democratisation of authority in the middle East and north Africa

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The democratisation of authority in the Middle East and North Africa

The recent revolution in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region known as the Arab Spring could not have happened in the way that we know it without the internet and the powerful new forms of social media. Organisers of major protest rallies used social media to pull them together. Eventually their efforts led to toppling long-term tyrannical leaders and a push for more democratic reforms. It was first and foremost through social media that many of us outside of the MENA region got our most enduring images of those protests. The Arab Spring caught standard news agencies off guard. Even policy makers in the West would second-guess whether it was a real revolution or not. It was.

I dare say: the Arab Spring will go down in history as the first of its kind – a revolution that owes more to the internet, including social media, than any before it. Through social media we also caught in full view the grotesque acts of sexual harassment and exploitation of mainly female protesters, both by juntas of the military in Egypt and other pro-government forces, as well as by the usual chauvinist opportunists. So social media brings us the good and the bad, often with little or no censor. Certainly all governments seek to control the tide of information projected in these media, from different degrees of censoring certain images through maturity rating, to “security” issues, even as far as attempts to completely block access.

Technical details about the internet and social media are not my area of expertise. In fact, I can scarcely keep up the content of my web page.1 So let me locate myself in this topic. I am a 62-year-old, retired humanities professor – not the most likely social media geek. I manage a modest amount of social media – a personal page and a public figure page on Facebook, 2 a Twitter account, 3 and recently I’ve ventured onto Instagram. So this is not about my spectacular personal presence on social media.

I built my academic reputation upon the nuances of language, linguistics, rhetoric and hermeneutics. In my line of work, words matter; and that’s NOT just word count. What makes me a perfect Ph.D. also makes me a not-so-exciting Twitter personality. Most of what I do requires more than 140 characters. I’m too long-winded for the fast pace of social media. However, in the past five years I have come to appreciate its merits and impact in my areas of interest: Islam, justice and gender (that’s what my Twitter avatar says, coincidentally).

I took up social activism more than a quarter of a century ago, because I could see that good ideas or theory needed to be made into policy in order to really benefit those who have experienced oppression due to narrow interpretations of texts. It took time before I felt I should keep up with social media; but clearly it makes a difference – not just in revolutions, like the Arab Spring and Black Lives Matter,4 but also in everyday transformations for users. With access to the internet, anyone can harness its power – from crowd funding independent projects, to movement building towards equality and justice in the Muslim family like www.Musawah.org. 5

Using social media allows all sides to have equal access. While active social media can challenge the odds over exertions of power and authority in Islam, as it stands, neo-conservatism and patriarchy still seem to have the most say. With the rise of violent extremist groups like the self-proclaimed Islamic State (ISIS) we can see how effective use of social media evens out the playing field – between the good and the bad. In the context of Islam and issues of social justice, one of the most important questions of our time centres on who has the power to assert their definition of “Islam” to control the lives of others, be it the rule of law, cultural pressure, or even spiritual manipulation.

Everything I do – and therefore everything I do on social media – engages the intersection of systems of oppression. Although my focus is mostly on Islamic thought and praxis, I engage in the discourse over all matters that impact the deep and enduring experience of justice. Therefore, I reflect on power exploitations or coercion, on the logistics of asymmetrical relationships, and on social, political, racial, economic, spiritual and cultural hegemonies over race, class, gender, sexuality, ablism and the environment. (I did say I was long-winded, right?) On any one day I may tweet, retweet, post, or re-post about each one of these intersecting factors. I’ve also blogged on several sites related to these issues.

I am interested in Islamic reformation, by which I mean radically rethinking and critical engagement with the Ultimate Sacred sources of Islamic thought and practice – from its sacred text, its Prophet Muhammad (upon him be peace) and the vast and variegated intellectual history for more than 14 centuries. While I believe Islamic intellectual history is still evolving, the need for a reformation considers the current realities as pivotal to achieving the over-arching principles of Islam: justice, peace and human dignity.

This reformation includes Islamic feminism.

In particular, I propose that the construction of new knowledge in Islamic thought must be ongoing. In Islamic feminism this started with one simple and yet strategic question: What is the role of gender in this discourse? For several centuries after the advent of Islam this idea of “reading for gender” did not exist. Of course people lived and functioned in certain culturally constructed and time-specific gender roles. However, few would reflect critically upon the implications of these roles relative to the ultimate objectives of Islam.

This was due in part to the many radical changes in the lives of women integral to Islam’s beginning, like granting women the right to own property, the right to education, the right for marriage choices and for divorce, a share of inheritance, and a role as credible witness. Alas, the trajectory was not sustained, with great loss to women’s agency and intellectual contributions as early as one century after the Prophet. Meanwhile other trends went unchallenged, like what it means to be human and gendered, including certain unnecessary binaries, ascribing certain roles exclusively to men and re-inscribing male privilege – since patriarchy was pervasive, and not just amongst Muslims.

Islam is a religion focused on “right practices”6 and these are encoded into elaborate legal formulas. Over time certain functionary asymmetrical gender roles would be encoded in the law as if they genuinely reflected the spiritual, philosophical and theological objectives of Islam. When a faith system is dependent upon this interchange between praxis and orthodoxy, it may take some time to unravel which came first: the praxis or the ideology. Over time unexamined gender roles become conflated with ideas about the “natural order” or are seen as a divine mandate. It is a simple logic, really: for example, if women do almost all the caretaking, that must mean women are “natural” caretakers and men are exempt, although this role is vital to human existence and to the environment.

In theory, both men and women were encouraged to participate in Islam’s intellectual development and there are historical examples of women as intellectual contributors. However, they did not play a major role in establishing the basic paradigms of Islamic practice and world view. So when right behaviour became encoded in the law, women’s experiences or women’s ways of knowing and believing would be filtered through the lens of male commentators, philosophers, theologian and jurists.

In our time, we interrogate the ways in which patriarchal norms and biases controlled women’s behaviour by collapsing the link between men’s ways of knowing and believing with the natural or divine order. Whatever men thought was soon equated with what God/Allah thought. All faith paradigms are constructs. When they are constructed only or primarily on the basis of what men experience or perceive, and the connection to these sacred ideas and their human origin is forgotten, then male bias creates notions of authority linked to those constructs as though actually authorised by God. So what men think becomes what God thinks; and the only legitimate way to practise Islam.

While there have always been a few who question the (il)logic of patriarchy, in the 21st century we have reached a critical mass. In every country, every city, every town, every group – no matter how small – Muslim women are questioning what it means to be full agents of our own lives, contrary to patriarchal assertions. We have looked at the consequences of patriarchal interpretations on what it means to be Muslim. Now we are facing an epistemological crisis, where certain ideas – once held sacred and integral to Islam as a universal faith system – are shown to be merely inflections of time-specific, place-specific and gender-specific logic; not sacred at all. Furthermore, certain constructs are no longer tenable or sustainable given the realities of the world we now live in.

This is part of the comprehensive change formulated and projected under a new wave of Islamic feminism. My early work on the Qur’an, Islam’s sacred text, forms one of the cornerstones to these challenges. It centres on one simple question: Does it make a difference if the person reading the text identifies as a man or as a woman? The answer was yes. Reading is always impacted by location, including gender identification. Yet, until this last century, we had no record of women’s responses to the text and no formal exegesis. We know that women read, memorised, recited and used the text as part of their general belief and practice, but we can find no written record of what they thought about its meanings. Meanwhile during that same history men left elaborate exegesis using multiple methods of interpretation.

Reading for gender affects questions of authority in laws made from the perspective of textual interpreters. Now Muslim women have reached a critical mass seeking change. We are diverse and not always mutually supportive in our methods, but despite inner contestation we all demand justice. This critical mass is due largely to a general rise in levels of education. However, there is also a clear link to new forms of communication due to the internet and social media allowing for a dissemination of ideas as sought after by the better-educated populist. This flow of ideas is untainted by constraints of particular institutions, or institutional requirements, and free of patriarchal control.

Knowledge is power. The more ways people have equal access to information, the more they are able to construct informed opinions about any matter. The more pervasive information is, the less control the old-guard authorities will have over the masses. The flow of information in the media is second only to the increased levels of education for all, allowing women, men and children to construct change, challenge injustice and form new trends in authority, more democratic ones. Although we still have a long way to go – considering that access is not nearly equal or universal – at least we see the unfolding of what I call the democratisation of authority. The internet is an important tool for change. It increases access to knowledge and contributes to meaningful exchange in knowledge.

In the particular context of Muslims, the internet gives voice to those who were previously unrepresented and silenced. In the context of gender constructions, and Muslim women’s lived realities, sometimes actual physical mobility is still limited by cultural and legal constraints. However, access to the internet can thwart this lack of mobility, bringing women out of the confines of patriarchal control.

Even if only from the privacy of their homes, Muslim women can venture all over the world, form alliances, support each others’ work, and gain greater insights into the limitlessness of possibilities. Once they get to that world, they can have their say. Once they have their say, they can have an impact. Once they have an impact, they become agents of change.

Exposure to the vast diversity of ideas and ideals across the planet gives greater clarity over the assertions that there is only one way to do things, one “true” Islam – the patriarchal one. For example, in working with www.Musawah.org we use online resources to expose the ways that Muslim Personal Status Law varies from country to country. So if believing Muslims in Jordan do something totally different from what believing Muslims do in Indonesia over the same matter, then clearly the laws are not divine but completely human-made. Since Muslim women are human, we can construct new laws, advocate for reform in existing laws, and challenge those laws imbued with patriarchy to reach more egalitarian policies, laws and experiences. When this diversity is observed through facts presented, it is impossible to say, “This is God’s law and you cannot do anything about it, if you are a believer” – a tactic too often used to silence women’s justice movements.

Another merit of the internet is raising the equality of voices. No one voice is above another voice. This is a great equaliser: no matter how insignificant one internet user may be in the scheme of things, his or her voice can become well known, widespread and persuasive. All that is needed is to have a message that gains momentum through social media. Inadvertently this increases the space for diversity. The argument itself becomes the measure – not the clout of the one speaking. Didn’t the Arab Spring bring down tyrannical rulers? Social media gives greater importance to voices that might have gone unrecognised.

While the internet is a powerful equalising tool, allowing ALL voices to speak, creating forums for people to meet across the globe and share concerns, there are certain challenges to it as well.

I use social media because I agree with its powerful potential for liberation, justice and equality. Since my primary interest is in gender, of course this means I have to discuss issues about sex and sexuality. These seem to gain the most attention when I post. Meanwhile, among the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims, honest and open conversation about sex and sexuality is still primarily missing – despite our sex-affirmative intellectual legacy. For example, in Islam there is no particular virtue in or privileging of celibacy. Details of sexual pleasure have long been celebrated and elaborated. Medical research was so advanced that Muslim doctors were among the first to approve and perform sex-change operations, indicating a deep understanding of sexual diversity. Today’s Muslim cultures have a tendency towards prudishness, silence and shame. Because of this, many conversations I initiate about sex and sexuality receive the greatest negative reactions.

For example, people feel free to question the level of my personal faith because I am open about lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) issues. The tactic is almost always the same: they assert their homophobia and THEN project that I am NOT a Muslim and could not possibly be a scholar because I do not share their interpretations of certain verses in the Qur’an that talk about the story of Lot. Since ALL passages of the Qur’an are subject to multiple interpretations, as part of the rich legacy of Islamic thought and textual analysis, why the literal reading of any one verse should hold sway over another reading is a matter of power, politics and public pressure. This pressure is rampant in social media.

My observations about social media, Islam and sexuality indicate how social media is an indispensable tool. So while I have every intention of keeping up my use of it, I will never have the following of even some untalented Hollywood or Bollywood personalities. That’s okay by me. Instead, I recommend for everyone a balance between the utility of the medium and the random harassment it might bring.

References

1 www.aminawadud.com

2 https://www.facebook.com/pages/Dr-Amina-Wadud/1542191152675401

3 https://twitter.com/aminawadud

4 blacklivesmatter.com

5 www.musawah.org

6 “Right practices” refers to two aspects of what it takes to live a good life according to traditional sources: the right faith and right actions; in other words, not by faith alone, nor just by being a good person who does good things.

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Board games in 100 moves by Livingstone, Ian, 1949- author.

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"Surprising stories behind the games you know and love to play. Journey through 8,000 years of history, from Ancient Egyptian Senet and Indian Snakes and Ladders, right up to role-play, fantasy and hybrid games of the present day. More than 100 games are explored chronologically, from the most ancient to the most modern. Every chapter is full of insightful anecdotes exploring everything from design and acquisition to game play and legacy." -- ONIX annotation.
          

You Sunk My Battleship

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Preface

People who make military policy and amateurs who follow it alike are in something of a vacuum when it comes to naval warfare.  While the Navy is a very large share of the United States Defense Department budget, there have been so few skirmishes in the past fifty years or so that it is hard to get a reality check on the multi-billion dollar expenditures involved. The few incidents which have occurred, meanwhile, have taken on disproportionate importance.  

While some naval history is too distant to be of much use, from the ramming battles between glorified rowboats of the Greeks, to the days of sails and cannons, it is fair, at least, to look at the experience of World War II, the last full fledged blue sea naval campaign in world history.  This experience has informed much of the current conventional wisdom regarding naval warfare, and while the lessons learned in World War II need to be updated to reflect technological advances that have taken place since then, they are too recent to safely ignore.

Among other things, World War II taught the lesson that the heavy armor of a battleship was no match for modern offensive weapons. 

As the Wikipedia article linked above explains:
Battleships were the largest and most complex, and hence the most expensive warships of their time; as a result, the value of investment in battleships has always been contested. 
As the French politician Etienne Lamy wrote in 1879, "The construction of battleships is so costly, their effectiveness so uncertain and of such short duration, that the enterprise of creating an armored fleet seems to leave fruitless the perseverance of a people". The Jeune École school of thought of the 1870s and 1880s sought alternatives to the crippling expense and debatable utility of a conventional battlefleet. It proposed what would nowadays be termed a sea denial strategy, based on fast, long-ranged cruisers for commerce raiding and torpedo boat flotillas to attack enemy ships attempting to blockade French ports. 
The ideas of the Jeune École were ahead of their time; it was not until the 20th century that efficient mines, torpedoes, submarines, and aircraft were available that allowed similar ideas to be effectively implemented. The determination of powers such as Germany to build battlefleets with which to confront much stronger rivals has been criticised by historians, who emphasise the futility of investment in a battlefleet that has no chance of matching its opponent in an actual battle.
Large Warships In Existing Navies

Today, there are only two ships of the battleship class in the world, both in the Russian Navy, only one of which is in active service, the 28,000 ton Admiral Nakhimov commissioned in 1988 is currently undergoing refit and is out of service, and the 28,000 ton Pyotr Velikiy, of the same class commissioned in 1998 is in active service.  

The 14,564 ton Zumwalt class destroyer of the U.S. Navy, the largest warship in the U.S. Navy that is not an aircraft carrier or non-combatant logistics ship, and is is arguably misclassified as a destroyer deserves a battleship designation. Just three Zumwalt class destroyers have three have been built (and no more have been ordered). One was commissioned in 2016, one was commissioned in 2019, and one is awaiting a commission later this year. It cost $7.5 billion per ship of total cost to build and has been severely criticized:
Mike Fredenburg analyzed the program for National Review after Zumwalt broke down in the Panama Canal in November 2016, and he concluded that the ship's problems "are emblematic of a defense procurement system that is rapidly losing its ability to meet our national security needs." Fredenburg went on to detail problems relating to the skyrocketing costs, lack of accountability, unrealistic goals, a flawed concept of operations, the perils of designing a warship around stealth, and the failure of the Advanced Gun System. He concludes:

"The Zumwalt is an unmitigated disaster. Clearly it is not a good fit as a frontline warship. With its guns neutered, its role as a primary anti-submarine-warfare asset in question, its anti-air-warfare capabilities inferior to those of our current workhorse, the Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, and its stealth not nearly as advantageous as advertised, the Zumwalt seems to be a ship without a mission."
Indeed, only twenty navies in the world have surface warships (including aircraft carriers, but not transport ships) larger than a frigate: U.S. (111), Japan (48), China (33), Russia (20), India (14), France (14), United Kingdom (7), Norway (5), Italy (4), Taiwan (4), Netherlands (4), Denmark (3), Germany (3), South Korea (3), Egypt (3), Saudi Arabia (3), Spain (2), Brazil (1), Thailand (1), and Morocco (1).

Only seven of these countries (China, Russia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Thailand and Morocco) would plausibly be U.S. naval warfare adversaries in the foreseeable future (while many of the remaining thirteen countries would likely be allies of the U.S. in an future naval warfare in their region). These seven plausible adversaries have 62 large surface warships ships combined. Of these only China and Russia are really serious concerns militarily and they have 53 large surface warships combined.

The Russian fleet's large ships, moreover, are split between several global regions that are distant from each other in some case (Northern, Baltic, Black Sea and Pacific). The aircraft carrier, the battleship, one smaller cruiser, and six destroyers are in Russia's Northern fleet. One smaller cruiser and five destroyers are in Russia's Pacific fleet. One of its smaller cruisers and one of its destroyers are in Russia's Black Sea fleet. Three of its destroyers are in Russia's Baltic fleet.

Several other plausible U.S. naval warfare adversaries such as Iran and North Korea have submarines but no large surface combatants.

Currently, the U.S. has 20 aircraft carriers (11 "super carriers" of 100,000 tons or more, and 9 amphibious assault ships which can carry helicopters, Osprey aircraft, Harrier aircraft or F-35B aircraft of 40,000-45,000 tons), Italy has 2, Japan has 4, France has 4, Australia has 2, Egypt has 2, and Brazil, China, India, Russia, Spain, Thailand and the United Kingdom each have one. In all there are 42 aircraft carriers in active naval service in the world.

Five aircraft carriers (one each from the U.K., China, Russia, India and France in order of size) are between the size of a U.S. super carrier and the smallest U.S. amphibious assault ship ranging from 42,000 to 65,000 tons (and only four of these from the China, Russia, India and France, and the ten U.S. super carriers, allow for something other than a vertical landing). The other eighteen aircraft carriers range from 11,486 tons to 27,100 tons (eleven of which are restricted to vertical takeoff and landing aircraft such as helicopters and the MV-22 Osprey). All twenty-seven carriers under 42,000 tons and two larger aircraft (one from the U.S. at 45,000 tons and one from the U.K. at 65,000 tons) are restricted either to short takeoff vertical landing aircraft such as an F-35B or a Harrier, or to vertical takeoff and landing aircraft.

Eleven more carriers (including two that are only VTOL carriers) are undergoing sea trials or ordered: the U.S. 3, China 3, and South Korea, India, Italy and Turkey one each.

Currently, the U.S. has 22 cruisers (10,000 tons each) and Russia has 4 (one battleship with 28,000 tons and three cruisers with 12,500 tons) in active service. In all there are 27 cruisers in active naval service in the world. The U.S. cruisers are virtually indistinguishable from its destroyers and slightly inferior to them as they are older designs.

Currently, the U.S. has 69 destroyers (including 2 of the Zumwalt class), Japan has 44, China has 32, Russia has 15, India has 13, France has 10, the U.K. has 6, Norway has 5Taiwan has 4, the Netherlands has 4Germany has 3, Denmark has 3South Korea has 3Saudi Arabia has 3, Italy has 2, Egypt has 1, Morocco has 1, and Spain has 1. The largest destroyer in active service (other than the two Zumwalt class destroyers in active service) is 10,290 tons and many of which are considerably smaller. Some of the destroyer class ships are larger, more capable ships actually called frigates in an effort to make comparisons comparable. All ships classified as frigates for these purposes are under 5,000 tons, although a few particularly capable frigates between 4,000 and 5,000 tons are classified as destroyers. There are 219 destroyers in all of the world's navies combined.

In all there are 42 aircraft carriers over 11,000 tons and 7 other surface combatants over 11,000 tons in naval service in the world. Of those, 20 aircraft carriers and 2 other surface combatants are in the U.S. Navy and 1 aircraft carrier and 4 other surface combatants (one battleship and three cruisers) are in the Russian Navy. The other navies of the world have 21 aircraft carriers, only 10 of which are more than VTOL helicopter carriers. There are 244 other surface combatants bigger than frigates in the world in active naval service (of which 67 are in the U.S. Navy and 15 are in the Russian Navy).

The Japanese Naval Experience

The case that really brought this home for the Japanese was the sinking of the battleship Yamato.  This 71,000 ton ship with massive 18 inch guns was tough.  It  had previously survived a hit from a torpedo delivered by a U.S. submarine on Christmas Day in 1943, and two bombs that hit it in October of 1944, in the Leyte Gulf.  Two more 36,000 ton Japanese battleships, the Fuso and the Yamashiro, were sunk by naval gunfire and torpedoes in that same October battle.  Bombs damaged the 39,000 ton Japanese battleship Nagato in the battle of the Leyte Gulf badly enough to remove it from action. Ultimately, air power prevailed over the big guns and heavy armor of the pinnacle of the battleship era.  On April 7, 1945, the Yamato was sunk by carrier based U.S. aircraft and it took 2,498 Japanese sailors with it.  The 32,000 ton Japanese battleship Ise (already removed from service nine months earlier by a mine), and Japanese battleships Hyunga and Haruna were sunk by carrier based U.S. aircraft in July of 1945.

Japan had already lost its 32,000 ton battlecruiser Kirishima to 16” naval gunfire from the 47,000 ton American battleship Washington in 1942 in one of the last of the battles that went according traditional naval models of close range ship to ship combat, in this case, at a range of a mile and a half.  The 28,000 ton Japanese battleship Kongo was sunk by a submarine in November of 1944.  Its three sister ships were sunk by U.S. aircraft in World War II.

The American Naval Experience in World War II

Americans remember Pearl Harbor.  Yes, this carrier based air attack was a surprise.  But, a heavily armored hull did not prevent this attack from sinking the 32,000 ton U.S. battleship Arizona and three other battleships.  Four more battleships were seriously damaged, the 29,000 ton American battleship Nevada among them, although the Nevada was ultimately returned to service and survived further battle damage on multiple occasions.  Few naval strategists before Pearl Harbor had realized how vulnerable the fleet was to aerial attack.

The 33,000 ton American battleship Idaho ran aground off Okinawa in June of 1945.  American battleship Pennsylvania,  a sister ship of the Arizona, was taken out of action by enemy aircraft in August of 1945.

The 45,000 ton American battleship Indiana did exhibit the resilience in the face of damage which battleships are legendary for notwithstanding a mixed experience in real life.  It survived both a collision and a hit by a kamakazi pilot in 1944, and serious storm damage in 1945, yet survived until decommissioning in 1963.  The 45,000 ton South Dakota similarly sustained and survived repeated battle damage. The 56,000 ton American battleship Iowa likewise survived serious damage from shore fire sustained in March of 1944, and the 47,000 ton battleship Washington survived a 1942 torpedo hit from a Japanese submarine and a 1945 friendly fire incident.

The German Naval Experience in World War II

Germany’s 51,000 ton battleship the Bismark found its fate at the bottom of the sea in May of 1941.  The British Royal Air Force damaged the 40,000 ton German battleship Gneisenau to the point that it never again was useable as a battleship in 1942.  Sister German battleship Scharnhorst, however, survived in the face of a seemingly never ending barrage of hits sustained.

The Italian and Vichy French Naval Experiences in World War II

Both Italy and Vichy France both saw battleships destroyed in port before they were ever launched.  

The planned 48,000 ton battleship Clemenceau was destroyed in its French port during a bombing raid in August 1944.  The 36,000 ton battleship Dunkerque, in the hands of the Vichy French, was damaged sufficiently to be taken out of action, and lost one in seven of its crew members, in July of 1940, by a combination of British warship attacks and torpedoes in two separate incidents.

The 30,000 ton Italian battleship Duilio wasn’t actually sunk, but a British bombing raid in November of 1940 took it out of service for about a year, and the ship served only a brief secondary role in World War II thereafter.  The 46,000 ton battleship Vittorio Veneto was taken out of action by British aircraft in 1941, then by a submarine, and then 1943 by another aircraft.  The 47,000 ton Italian battleship Littorio was taken out of commission by British aircraft by June of 1942.

The Spanish Naval Experience in World War II

The 16,000 ton battleship Espana was sunk by a “friendly” mine in July of 1937 during the Spanish civil war, killing a third of the sailors on board.

The British Naval Experience in World Wars I and II.

While it predates World War II, it is worth recalling that the 22,000 ton British battleship Dreadnought (the second of that name launched in 1906) which became synonymous with the very notion of a battleship, sank only one enemy vessel, a German submarine, in all of World War I.  It achieved this end not with its ten 12” guns, but with a methodology as old as Greek naval warfare.  It rammed it.

German dive bombing planes took the 30,000 ton British battleship Iron Duke out of service on October 17, 1939.  It Italian airplane’s torpedo took the 38,000 ton British battleship Nelson out of service for a year on September 27, 1941.  The British lost the 42,000 ton battleship Prince of Wales in December of 1941 to an attack by Japanese aircraft, after having suffered serious damage from naval guns, which was repaired, earlier that same year.  The 33,000 ton British battleship Queen Elizabeth was removed from service when an Italian frogman bombed it while it was in harbor that same month.

          

EGT busca ampliar su presencia en Europa con la versión online de Egypt Quest

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El juego ya está disponible para los jugadores de Bulgaria, Armenia y Georgia, y se encuentra en proceso de certificación en Rumania, Croacia, Estonia, Letonia y Portugal.
          

Remedial Art History for the German Far Right - Lily Scherlis

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Billboards are a cornerstone of German election campaigns. The government provides each political party with a few minutes of televised ad time, preventing the costs of airtime from pricing underfunded candidates out of public view. Because there are strict limits on the frequency and length of TV and radio advertisements, campaigns traditionally compete for visibility outdoors and on paper. Though parties have recently taken to social media, pouring money into Silicon Valley, printed matter remains a force to reckon with. This past April, in advance of elections for the EU Parliament, an 1866 French Orientalist painting appeared around Berlin. The painting, The Slave Market by Jean-Léon Gérôme, depicts a naked, enslaved woman having her teeth examined by a prospective buyer. The woman has light skin and the three men surrounding her, peering evaluatively at her figure, have darker skin and are wearing outfits meant to evoke nineteenth-century Egypt. The painting was used to publicize the anti-immigration agenda of the far-right AfD (Alternative für Deutschland) party.

Since its establishment in 2013, the AfD has transformed from a small party of Euroskeptic elites into a populist anti-immigration (and often white nationalist) epidemic.[1] Founded by economics professor Bernd Lucke, it initially gained traction with well-educated Germans frustrated about bailing out southern European countries. The party polled 4.7 percent in the 2013 national parliamentary elections and received no seats in the Bundestag. Amid the influx of migrants in 2015, the AfD fractured, and a majority faction rallied around a new leader, vocal Islamophobe Frauke Petry, later regarded as a moderate voice within the party. After adopting fierce anti-immigration rhetoric, the party’s popularity snowballed alongside other far-right movements: in state elections this September, the AfD received 27.5 percent of the vote in Saxony and 23.5 percent in Brandenburg. In the May European Parliament elections, the AfD won eleven out of ninety-six German seats.

The Gérôme poster, a high-profile part of that election’s campaign, deploys the typical far-right tactic of racist and xenophobic paranoia mongering. At the top of the Gérôme poster, big white sans-serif lettering proclaims: “So that Europe doesn’t become Eurabia!”[2] “Eurabia” is a term associated with an Islamaphobic conspiracy theory that describes a hypothetical future version of Europe, one culturally and politically subservient to “Islamic powers.” Those who believe in Eurabia argue that Europe’s subordination is discreetly underway or already complete, helped along by profiting European politicians and powerful governmental lobbies.

The party was predictably derided for the poster’s ferocious racism. The thirty copies placed around Berlin were so frequently defaced or removed that the party had campaign workers running around replacing them almost daily.[3] The Clark Art Institute in Massachusetts, which owns the painting, strongly condemned the AfD’s usage. Though the image is in the public domain, the US museum wrote to the AfD urging them to cease and desist. Ronald Gläser, a party spokesperson, described this as “a futile attempt to gag the AfD,” asserting that the “public has the right to find out the truth about the possible consequences of illegal mass immigration.”[4]

• • •

The Eurabia theory was popularized by Gisèle Littman (writing under the pseudonym Bat Ye’or) in 2005.[5] Littman dated the birth of the conspiracy to the oil crisis of 1973, when the Arab League and the European Economic Community (later subsumed into the EU) established a short-lived conference system that aimed to stabilize economic and political relations between the two entities.[6] The term “Eurabia” is usually attributed to Littman, but before it was a conspiracy theory, it was a small French journal published by the European Coordinating Committee of Friendship Societies with the Arab World, which was founded in 1972.[7] A quarterly providing updates on developments in Euro-Arab cooperation, Eurabia published at least three issues beginning in 1975. Unlike Eurabia, Littman believes that the dialogue turned Europe into “an instrument of Arab policy,” citing instances of European condemnation of Israeli military behavior and increased anti-Americanism as symptoms of Arab political control.[8] Europe will become “a political satellite of the Arab and Muslim world” and fall under Islamic rule, causing the repression of white European culture. She goes on to claim that Jews and Christians have historically been required to “accept the restrictive and humiliating subordination to an ascendant Islamic power to avoid enslavement or death,” and that this repression is now an imminent threat across all of Europe due to the “active collusion” of pro-immigration European politicians. (Littman’s attitudes are perhaps marked by her biography: she was born Jewish in Egypt and moved to Europe in her early twenties, fleeing the Suez Crisis.) To her, migration is a positive feedback loop, a key effect and catalyst of nascent Eurabia, and the migrants are the vehicles for transporting poisonous anti-Zionist and anti-American beliefs to Europe.

Littman’s theory informs scads of alt-right blog posts, as well as several self-published books by Norwegian blogger Peder Are Nøstvold Jensen, who writes under the pen name Fjordman. Jensen inspired mass murder in Norway in 2011, when Anders Behring Breivik detonated a fertilizer-based bomb outside the prime minister’s Oslo office, killing eight. Hours later, he shot and killed sixty-nine young adults at a youth camp organized by the country’s labor party (Arbeiderpartiet). In a fifteen-hundred-page manifesto, Breivik cites Jensen’s writing about Eurabia as motivation. Before long, global media coverage of the Breivik attacks had popularized the term. Shortly after the attack, Littman expressed regret that her writing had been involved. On the other hand, Jens Maier, an AfD member of the Bundestag, called Breivik “a victim of the prevailing circumstances.” “Breivik became a mass murderer out of desperation,” he said in 2017.[9]

• • •

Gérôme’s work epitomizes the French academic style of painting. After his studies at the École des Beaux Arts, he toured Egypt and neighboring countries for several months in 1856 and again in 1862. On his return, he began to paint what he claimed to have seen, catering to the public’s appetite for visual insight into the cultures of the Arab world. The images he produced became canonical documents of Orientalism, the name given to the intertwined discourses in the arts and academia through which “European culture gained in strength and identity by setting itself off against the Orient as a sort of surrogate and even underground self,” as Edward Said puts it in his groundbreaking book on the subject. In fact, the cover of his Orientalism bears another of Gérôme’s paintings, The Snake Charmer, also owned by the Clark.

Typically, Orientalist paintings claimed to document the Eastern world (photography was too young to fill that function), using the restrained brushstrokes of academic realism to produce the effect of objectivity. They thus served as visual aids to anchor and reproduce the exoticizing fantasy Europeans had about what the nations of the East and their residents were like. Gérôme’s exacting style allowed The Slave Market to masquerade as documentation. His paintings, despite being mere illustrations, played a deceptive evidentiary role: he had been there and seen with his own eyes, and had the marvelous ability to render these delicious visions on canvas! “All aspects of the Orient are there,” wrote critic Émile-Louis Galichon about another of Gérôme’s paintings in 1863, rattling off traits that list the qualities of the nineteenth-century stereotype: “Its implacable fatalism, its passive submission, its eternal tranquility, its brazen insults and its ruthless cruelty.”

The Slave Market was first exhibited at the Salon of 1867.[10] In his favorable review of the exhibition, critic Maxime Du Camp asserted that the painting had been done “on the spot” in a Cairo slave market during Gérôme’s second trip there in 1862. Sarah Lees, an associate curator at the Clark, writes that Gérôme probably composed The Slave Market in his studio in France in 1866, mining his imagination to update a very similar composition he had made in 1857. In that earlier painting, the man examining the slave’s teeth is wearing a classical toga. (The painting also prefigures Gérôme’s 1884 painting, A Roman Slave Market.) The events depicted were possibly based on the Orientalist writer Gérard de Nerval’s description of slave markets he claimed to have seen on his own travels. The details were probably borrowed from a variety of sketches, conglomerating details from many distant locales into a singular representation of the entire Arab world as seen through the eyes of a Frenchman.[11] Moreover, Gérôme’s contemporary Edward Strahan noted in 1881 that the woman in the painting so resembled Cleopatra in Gérôme’s Cleopatra and Caesar (also painted in 1866) that Gérôme may have used the same Parisian figure model. As Lees puts it, this provides “a certain irony for the informed viewer in seeing the same figure as both queen and slave. ... Despite the difference in their social status, however, their sexual status is nearly equivalent, as the figure in Cleopatra and Caesar is only marginally more clothed.”

• • •

Orientalist painters complemented their tight brushwork with a liberal dose of sensory detail. The Slave Market brought the imagined Orient closer by making its exotic sensations accessible from Europe; at the same time, it held those colonized at an unbridgeable moral distance by chronicling their purported cruelty. The details turned their characters into depersonalized avatars of their race, aesthetic objects for consumption, mannequins for their exoticized clothing and behavior. The painting “guarantee[s] through sober ‘objectivity’ the unassailable Otherness of the characters,” as art historian Linda Nochlin puts it. Meanwhile it affords its viewer the vicarious pleasure of the characters’ less sophisticated indulgences: “the male viewer of the 19th century was invited sexually to identify himself with, yet morally to distance himself from, his Oriental counterparts,” she writes. To her, Gérôme seems to be saying, “‘I am merely taking careful note of the fact that the less enlightened races indulge in the trade in naked women—but isn’t it arousing!’”

Oddly, the woman in the painting is noticeably detached from her surroundings: her shoulders are relaxed, and she leans on one hip like a classical nude. Gérôme decided to prioritize producing a delicious object for aesthetic appreciation over a suffering character deserving of empathy, a choice that seems like it should undermine the AfD’s point. Nonetheless, the AfD uses the same image that bemused and aroused a fascinated nineteenth-century audience to solicit fear. Orientalism characteristically infantilized those it depicted to make them seem fascinating and able to benefit from the influence of colonizing powers; today’s far right registers the very same characters as menacing, while deploying the woman’s body to make white Germans angry and protective. Posters alleging sexual violence have of course long served as propaganda in conflicts between Western countries: an American World War I poster depicted Germany as a gaping, drooling gorilla gripping a club with the word “Kultur” in one hand and a recoiling half-naked woman in the other; several countries used illustrated allegations of rape against the Soviet Army. Naked women transform readily into the wives or daughters of male viewers. The AfD poster urges its would-be supporters: Worry about your women!

Gérôme’s painting affirmed the nineteenth-century European viewer’s identity, while providing assurance that the lewd behavior depicted was safely at bay. Framed by its new caption, the painting depicts a possible future rather than a present elsewhere. “We did it because the picture shows clearly where the multicultural society could lead,” said AfD spokesperson Ronald Gläser. This shift dislodges the painting’s events from their spatiotemporal home in a fantasy version of colonial North Africa, relocating the scene from a past “there” to a future “here.”[12]

The poster asserts that everyone who migrated from any part of the contemporary Arab world is reducible to a nineteenth-century caricature. But conversely, it claims to reflect the contemporary world by applying twenty-first-century understandings of identity to figments of Gérôme’s imagination. The AfD means for this woman to be perceived as a white Eurabia resident of European descent. According to Maxime Du Camp, the character represented in the painting was meant to be from Abyssinia, a historical region of East Africa. It is unclear whether Du Camp, who often used Gérôme’s paintings as a springboard for his own dubious Orientalist musings, can be trusted to know the painter’s intentions. Nonetheless, a straightforward attempt to ascribe European ethnicity or the twenty-first-century conception of whiteness to the figure is dubious at best.

• • •

Like the Gérôme poster, previous AfD campaign materials have often used white female bodies to incite racist sentiment. A poster from the 2017 national parliamentary campaign features an image of a reclining pregnant woman, cropped so as to emphasize her broad smile and round belly. “New Germans?” read the caption, “We will make them ourselves.” Another poster from the same campaign shows two bikini-clad young women walking away from the camera toward the ocean. “Burkas?” it reads, “We prefer bikinis.”[13] Other AfD campaigns have often directly attempted to make white women scared for their safety. In 2017, an AfD youth group near Bad-Kreuznach in Rhineland-Palatinate, a quite liberal state in the west, handed out pepper spray to teenage girls and was overheard instructing them to use it “to protect yourself against North Africans.” In advance of the September 2019 state elections, the Saxony division of the AfD circulated a design for a poster that depicted a cowering naked woman with her hands cuffed to a radiator. A silhouetted arm holds a sabre. “Pepper spray doesn’t always help,” reads the copy.[14]

The party also made use of several other old paintings in its May campaign, which was titled “Learning from Europe’s History.”[15] A spokesperson claimed that the campaign called for the defense of “common values” evidenced by “numerous motifs,” the phrasing suggesting that the AfD wants to use old art as proof of the timelessness of their agenda. Appealing to the authority of old art to legitimize current racist agendas is not a new strategy. The racial scientists of the nineteenth century leaned on the aesthetic merits of the Apollo Belvedere for credibility in asserting the biological superiority of the white man. The sculpture served as the paragon of whiteness in Josiah C. Nott and George R. Gliddon’s infamous Types of Mankind (1854). The use of high culture material is not new to contemporary far-right populist movements, either.[16] Even so, the AfD takes a peculiar, ironic approach to these images, which are used as decontextualized pretty pictures; the captions demonstrate total disinterest in the paintings’ historical meanings.[17]

Nor do the paintings have a lot in common. Two sixteenth-century portraits of men made out of plants by the Italian painter Giuseppe Arcimboldo are used to caricature Green Party members. The caption of a little-known seventeenth-century rendering of the decapitation of St. John the Baptist represents migrants as violent barbarians who should be barred from the EU. A sixteenth-century Flemish painting of two men handling money bears a complaint about Germany getting fiscally ripped off.[18] The indifference to context is almost mocking in its obliviousness.[19] The reality is that the AfD does not need historically accurate arguments or cultural credibility derived from bourgeois art objects to provoke fear.

We can expect atrociousness from the far right. Seeing the party’s numbers rise despite (or because of) its vicious visual culture is terrifying. It is no less scary to see its rhetoric seep across party lines and get soaked up and deployed by purportedly moderate parties. In September, the German president-elect of the European Commission announced plans for a rebrand that included changing the title of the EU commissioner of migration to commissioner for “protecting our European way of life.” The president-elect, Ursula von der Leyen, is a member of the Christian Democratic Union, the center-right party of Angela Merkel, who herself has condemned far-right xenophobia. Von der Leyen’s phrasing recalls Littman’s paranoia and echoes Jensen’s word choice in his book Defeating Eurabia: “The crucial point is to stress that Islam cannot be reformed nor reconciled with our way of life.” Illustrations of pseudo-Orientalist panregional dystopias become especially dangerous when their logics leak into the casual rhetoric of the center.


          

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Is this Iraq's Arab Spring?

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Iraq is currently facing such an alarming array of economic, political and social problems that many observers fear no-one will be up to the task of delivering the much-needed reforms. By Stasa Salacanin | Since the beginning of October thousands of protesters, mostly young Iraqis, from central and southern Iraqi major cities have been voicing their opposition to the deteriorating economic conditions, sectarian politics and rampant corruption that plague the country. Indeed, the country has been one of the most corrupt in the world for decades – according to Transparency International’s 2018 Corruption Index, Iraq ranks 168 out of 175 countries. Protestors are also expressing their anger over high unemployment and the common governmental practice of political staffing, where sectarian or ethnic quotas rather than qualifications apply. The majority accuse the ruling elite of abusing public funds and mismanaging the country’s national resources while completely failing to meet the needs of the Iraqi population. But perhaps one of the main – and most surprising – characteristics of the October protests is the fact that the protestors are mostly younger Shia citizens who have turned against a Shia-led political establishment. While there are very few Sunni Arabs or Iraqi Kurds among the protestors, with demonstrations taking place in central and southern Iraq, where the population is predominantly Shia, there has been an increase in the use of national symbols. Transcending sectarian and ethnic divisions The sentiment is Iraqi; these young people are not demonstrating as Shia Arabs, but as citizens who are furious with the system which was imposed upon them following the toppling of Saddam Hussein and the U.S.-led invasion in 2003. How the unrest in Iraq will impact on the region remains to be seen, but it is clearly posing a major threat to Tehran. Iran's state news agency IRNA has accused the U.S., Saudi Arabia and Israel of fomenting unrest in Iraq in order to sabotage Iran’s ties with Iraq and Syria. However, many Iraqis including the Shia are less than enamoured of the Popular Mobilisation Units (PMU), powerful non-state actors over which Bagdad has limited control, as many of them are heavily under the influence of Tehran. Among Iraqis, there is the overriding perception that their country is becoming a fiefdom for foreign political and paramilitary factions that many view as a blatant violation of Iraqi national sovereignty. Arab Spring in Iraq While the protests in southern Iraq in summer 2018 addressed similar issues, this time they are becoming increasingly militant and are not only calling for the resignation of the current government but aim to overthrow and change the entire political system.As the demonstrations appear to be leaderless and without a specific agenda, except for expressing general dissatisfaction and impatience with conditions in the country, it remains unclear, however, whether the protests will produce any of the desired changes.   Imad Harb, director of research and analysis at the Arab Center in Washington DC, writes that the protests "offer another example of an approaching, painful, and final collapse of the traditional Arab political order that has shown its impotence in addressing the myriad problems besetting Arab societies today." Furthermore, a commentary published by Middle East expert and head of research at Gulf State Analytics Giorgio Cafiero on LobeLog, posits that the recent unrest in Iraq should be interpreted in the wider context of turmoil that has been spreading all over the Arab region, as the citizens of Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco and Sudan express their deep dissatisfaction with their corrupt governments. According to him, "it is fair to conclude that the Arab Spring has reached Iraq." Can the government regain control of the situation? The government’s brutal response to the unrest and the high number of civilian casualties has put Iraqi Prime Minister Abdel Mahdi under great pressure. Despite promising reforms and ordering a broad cabinet reshuffle, he has so far struggled to address the protesters’ complaints and instead continues to make blunder after blunder. At the beginning of October, for instance, Staff Lieutenant General Abdul-Wahab al-Saadi, widely perceived as a national hero due to his role in fighting Islamic State, was demoted. Then there is the ongoing use of live ammunition and tear gas to disperse the protesters, which could prove the final nail in the prime minister’s coffin. In such circumstances, it is highly unlikely that mere promises will be able to calm tensions in the country. What is more, the fragile coalition over which Abdel Mahdi presides has begun to crack, making his position even more uncertain. While it is hard to imagine that the current Iraqi government will be able to introduce any major reforms, since the prime minister is actually a hostage to the powerful political and paramilitary factions, Mahdi is right about one thing – in his speech after the first wave of protests he declared that there are "no magical" solutions to the problems. The problems faced by the Iraqis are so numerous and complex that many observers fear that no-one will be up to the task of delivering the much-needed reforms. Solving the social and economic crisis that is at the heart of the protests would require painful cuts to the public sector, which already employs over 3 million Iraqis, as well as removing subsidies for gas, food and electricity. Unpopular at the best of times, such measures would merely be likely to provoke more unrest in the current climate.  Last but not least, even though the protests are not sectarian in motivation, sectarianism remains firmly rooted in Iraqi society. Powerful political factions such as the pro-Iranian Fatah party of Hadi al-Ameri, the Axis party of Khamis Khanjar favoured by Iraqi Sunnis and the Barzani clan’s Kurdistan Democratic Party all aim to limit the power of Bagdad’s central government and are thus largely contributing to the impotence of the Iraqi state. We must hope that Iraq is not heading towards disaster along Syrian lines.  Stasa Salacanin © Qantara.de 2019
          

Added on 11/07/2019

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Added 1 artist

Added Elizabeth Butler.

Added 196 artworks

Added The Russian Schube by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Speke Hall, no. 1 by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Thames by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Savoy Pigeons by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added [Untitled] by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Bibi Valentin by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Adam and Eve Tavern, Old Chelsea by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Bibi Lalouette by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added A Sketch on the Embankment by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Annie by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Billingsgate by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Black Lion Wharf by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Cameo, No. 1 by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Chelsea Rags by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Drouet by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Eagle Wharf by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Early Morning, Battersea by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Early Morning, Battersea by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added En Plein Soleil by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Florence Leyland by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Fruit Stall by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Fumette by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Gabled Roofs, Vitre by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Gaiety Stage Door by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Grand Canal, Venice by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Greenwich Park by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Nocturne: Blue and Silver - Chelsea by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Three Figures: Pink and Grey by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Count Burckhardt by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Black Lion Wharf, Wapping by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added La Marchande de moutarde by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added La Mère Gérard by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added La Rétameuse by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added La Vieille aux Loques by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Limehouse by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Limehouse by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Little Arthur by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Little Dorothy by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Little Draped Figure, Leaning by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Little Venice by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Liverdun by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Maunder's Fish Shop, Chelsea by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Model Draping by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Nocturne by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Nocturne by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Nocturne by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Nocturne: Furnace by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Old Battersea Bridge by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Old Battersea Bridge by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Old Hungerford Bridge by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Old Putney Bridge by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Rotherhithe by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added San Giorgio by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Shipping at Liverpool by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Sketch of Mr. Henley by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Soup for Three Sous by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Speke Hall, No. 1 by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added St. Anne's, Soho by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added St.-Giles-in-the-Fields by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Staircase by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Street at Saverne, Alsace by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Study by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Study by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Thames Police by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Thames Warehouses by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The "Adam and Eve", Old Chelsea by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Angler by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Balcony by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Bridge, Venice by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Broad Bridge by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Dancing Girl by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Fireplace by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Forge, Passage du Dragon by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Horoscope by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Kitchen by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Lime-Burner by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Little Pool by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Mast by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Pool by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Punt by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Riva, No. 1 by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Smith, Passage du Dragon by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Smith's Yard by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Tall Bridge by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Thames by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Toilet by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Toilet by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Tyresmith by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Unsafe Tenement, Alsace by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Two Ships by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Unfinished Sketch of Lady Haden by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Victoria Club by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Vitre - The Canal by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Whistler Sketching by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Whistler with the White Lock by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Windsor by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added Yellow House, Lannion by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added The Merovingians by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added The Sons of Clovis II by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added Goths traversant une rivière by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added Une princesse mérovingienne by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added Gaulois revenant de la chasse by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added Gaulois en vue de Rome by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added Pirates normands au IXe siècle by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added Les deux rivaux by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added Psyché by Evariste Vital Luminais.

Added Sunday Morning by Lawrence Alma-Tadema.

Added The Dance in Cupid’s Alley by Arthur Rackham.

Added In Powder and Crinoline by Kay Nielsen.

Added In Powder and Crinoline by Kay Nielsen.

Added In Powder and Crinoline by Kay Nielsen.

Added In Powder and Crinoline by Kay Nielsen.

Added He Too Saw The Image In The Water by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Lad in Battle by Kay Nielsen.

Added East of the Sun and West of the Moon by Kay Nielsen.

Added East of the Sun and West of the Moon by Kay Nielsen.

Added East of the Sun and West of the Moon by Kay Nielsen.

Added East of the Sun and West of the Moon by Kay Nielsen.

Added A Snowdrift Carried Them Away by Kay Nielsen.

Added Catskin by Kay Nielsen.

Added Elder Mother Tree by Kay Nielsen.

Added Frog Bride by Kay Nielsen.

Added Goosegirl by Kay Nielsen.

Added Hansel and Gretel by Kay Nielsen.

Added Hold Tight to My Shaggy Coat by Kay Nielsen.

Added In the Midst of the Gloomy Thick Wood by Kay Nielsen.

Added Juniper Tree by Kay Nielsen.

Added Old Luk-Oie by Kay Nielsen.

Added On the Way to the Dance by Kay Nielsen.

Added Rosebud by Kay Nielsen.

Added Rumplestiltskin by Kay Nielsen.

Added Six Swans by Kay Nielsen.

Added Snow Queen by Kay Nielsen.

Added Snowdrop by Kay Nielsen.

Added Standing in the Earth up to their Necks by Kay Nielsen.

Added Tell Me the Way Then by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Flying Trunk by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Hardy Tin Solder by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Man Who Never Laughed by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Nightingale by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Princess and The Pea by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Shadow by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Story of a Mother by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Swineherd by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Tinder Box by Kay Nielsen.

Added The Unicorn by Kay Nielsen.

Added They Pulled Up the Princesses by Kay Nielsen.

Added Two Brothers by Kay Nielsen.

Added Alps by Night by William Stott.

Added The Amethyst Cloud, Jungfrau by William Stott.

Added Apple Tree in Blossom by William Stott.

Added Autumn by William Stott.

Added Awakening of the Spirit of the Rose by William Stott.

Added The Bathers by William Stott.

Added The Eiger by William Stott.

Added The Fairie Wood by William Stott.

Added The Happy Valley by William Stott.

Added Hide and Seek in the Garden of Epicurus, Leontium and Ternissa by William Stott.

Added Hollyhocks by William Stott.

Added Memory of an Island by William Stott.

Added My Father and Mother by William Stott.

Added The Nymph by William Stott.

Added Pastoral by William Stott.

Added Ravenglass by William Stott.

Added Robert Rattray Tatlock by William Stott.

Added Soft Winds by William Stott.

Added A Summer's Day by William Stott.

Added T. Millie Dow by William Stott.

Added The Two Sisters by William Stott.

Added Venus Born of the Sea Foam by William Stott.

Added The White Mountain by William Stott.

Added Wild Flower by William Stott.

Added Cornfield by William Stott.

Added A Bridge by William Stott.

Added Woodland Scene, Brantrake by William Stott.

Added A Freshet by William Stott.

Added Seascape by William Stott.

Added Old Sycamore by William Stott.

Added North Breeze by William Stott.

Added The Remnants of an Army by Elizabeth Butler.

Added After the Battle: Arrival of Lord Wolseley and Staff at the Bridge of Tel-el-Kabir by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Balaclava by Elizabeth Butler.

Added The Dorset Yeomen at Agagia, 26 February 1915 by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Elizabeth Southerden, née Thompson, Lady Butler by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Evicted by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Listed for the Connaught Rangers by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Patient Horses, a Royal Artillery Gun Team in Action, c 1882 by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Rescuing the Wounded under Fire by Elizabeth Butler.

Added The Return from Inkerman by Elizabeth Butler.

Added The Roll Call by Elizabeth Butler.

Added The Royal Horse Guards Retreat from Mons, 1914 by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Scotland For Ever! by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Study of a British Soldier with Two Camels, Camel Corps, Egypt, 1st Sudan War by Elizabeth Butler.

Added Study of a Wounded Guardsman, Crimea, c 1854 by Elizabeth Butler.

Added A 'V. C.' of the Seaforths by Elizabeth Butler.

Added A Yeomanry Scout Galloping with Despatches in the Boer War by Elizabeth Butler.

Added 11 artwork images

Added a new image of Nocturne: Blue and Gold ­ Old Battersea Bridge by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Nocturne: Blue and Gold ­ Old Battersea Bridge by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Painter's Mother by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Valparaiso Harbor by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Symphony in White, No. 2: The Little White Girl by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Harmony in Grey and Green: Miss Cicely Alexander by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Nocturne: Black and Gold - The Fire Wheel by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Crepuscule in Flesh Colour and Green: Valparaiso by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Nocturne: Blue and Silver - Cremorne Lights by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of Purple and Rose: The Lange Leizen of The Six Marks by James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Added a new image of A Favourite Custom by Lawrence Alma-Tadema.


          

International Criminal Court urges arrest of Gaddafi's son, two other fugitives

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The International Criminal Court's prosecutor called Wednesday for the immediate arrest of longtime Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi's son and two others accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity, saying their whereabouts are known.

Fatou Bensouda told the Security Council the ICC is also continuing to investigate other alleged perpetrators of grave international crimes, and is assessing "the viability of bringing cases before the ICC in relation to migrant-related crimes in Libya."

She said her office has reliable information that Seif al-Islam Gadhafi, the late dictator's son, is believed to be in the Libyan town of Zintan, that Mahmoud al-Werfalli, a commander in the self-styled Libyan National Army is in the Benghazi area in eastern Libya, and Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled, former head of the Libyan Internal Security Agency, is in Cairo.

A civil war in Libya in 2011 toppled Moammar Gadhafi, who was later killed. In the chaos that followed, the country was divided, with a weak U.N.-supported administration in Tripoli overseeing the country's west and a rival government in the east aligned with the so-called Libyan National Army led by Gen. Khalifa Hifter.

Hifter launched a surprise military offensive April 4 aimed at capturing Tripoli despite commitments to attend a national conference weeks later aimed at forming a united government and moving toward elections in the oil-rich North African country.

An array of militias loosely allied with the U.N.-supported government has been fending off the push by Hifter's forces to take the capital.

Bensouda called on Libyan authorities to surrender Seif al-Islam Gadhafi, saying they are required to arrest and surrender him to the ICC despite his appeal of the admissibility of his case. A hearing on his appeal is scheduled on Nov. 11-12.

The ICC prosecutor also demanded that the Egyptian government surrender Khaled, and that Hifter hand over al-Werfalli, whom he recently promoted from major to lieutenant colonel in the Libyan National Army.

"The three ICC fugitives stand accused of grave international crimes," Bensouda said. "These crimes include the war crimes of murder, torture, cruel treatment and outrages upon personal dignity, and the crimes against humanity of persecution, imprisonment, torture and other inhumane acts."

While the power to arrest and surrender ICC suspects rests with governments, the prosecutor said her office "is working to increase opportunities for outstanding arrest warrants to be executed."

Bensouda said that in coordination with states, her office is developing "enhanced strategies and methodologies to track and arrest suspects." She did not elaborate.

Bensouda said she is "deeply alarmed" at the grave situation in Libya and reports indicating that since Hifter launched his offensive in early April more than 100 civilians have been killed, 300 injured and 120,000 displaced.

"My team continues to examine allegations against all parties to the conflict to assess whether they bear criminal responsibility under the Rome Statute" which established the ICC, she said.

Bensouda stressed that she "will not hesitate" to pursue arrest warrants against those most responsible for alleged crimes.

As for alleged crimes against migrants in Libya, the prosecutor said her team "continues to collect and analyze documentary, digital and testimonial evidence relating to alleged crimes committed in detention centers."

The ICC is assessing "the viability" of pursuing such cases "based on this evidence-driven process," Bensouda said.

Bensouda said her office is also actively assisting other countries that are investigating and prosecuting individuals who allegedly have committed crimes against migrants in Libya.

The prosecutor said she was pleased to inform the council that this cooperation "has borne fruit" and facilitated progress in a number of investigations and prosecutions relating to crimes against migrants.


          

The audit: unpacking the old ancient Afrikan calendar

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SAfm — Ancient Africa had calendar systems centuries and centuries ago. Africans created the worlds's oldest calendar, more than 300,000 years ago (150 miles west of Maputo, Mozambique). The settled area surrounding the calendar site was the size of Johannesburg and London put together. Egyptians got their knowledge from this civilization. Guest: Mkhulu Nsingiza - CEO of the Zindzi Mandela Foundation Guest: Rra Letsatsi Bokaba – Child of the Novelant African Ancestors, an Intuitionist and a Malombo (Sangoma) Guest: Dr Zulumathabo Zulu - Doctoral Practitioner; Metaphysical Scientist; Cosmologist; Engineer; Inventor; Lexicographer; intellectual Historian; Published Author; Certified Publisher and Contextual Poet
          

Heavenly Hollyhocks

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I'm absolutely smitten with Hollyhocks this year! They are a magical must-have for any garden and I'm pleased to say they have been successfully added to the Grove.The English flower folk name "Hollyhock" is thought to be comprised of "holy" and "hoc".  "Holy", from the flower's copious use in the Holy Land and Egypt; and "Hoc" meaning part of the mallow plant family.  Hollyhocks were and [...]
          

Pompano Beach High School Hosts 4th International Summit

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Friday, January 25, 2019
Opening Ceremony and Parade of Nations for the fourth International Summit hosted by Pompano Beach High School, with more than 160 guest administrators, teachers and students from 13 countries, including Brazil, China, Egypt, England, France, India, Ireland, Nigeria, Peru, Poland, Switzerland, Turkey and Zimbabwe.
          

Join Wonders Community of Freelance Writers!(FAQs and details below)

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"Join Wonders fast-growing community of freelance researchers! Wonder (askwonder.com) is a personal research assistant, helping people save time by getting detailed answers and resources delivered to their inboxes by a trusted network of researchers. Our clients include Tier 1 consulting firms, VCs, and marketing agencies. We are looking for freelance researchers to join Wonder's research community. You'll work from home, getting paid to do research while learning about new topics and deepening your business skills. You can set your own schedule, you get paid for each research request you complete, and you can earn up to $15-25/hour based on flat-fee project work. Here are some examples of questions our clients ask: - What are the economics of Valentine's Day? - Why would AOL or Verizon be interested in a strategic investment in the start-up Rollout.io? - What are 5 new trends in online food ordering? - What's the market landscape for teacher training in Egypt? PERKS - Sharpen your analytical skills and build up your resume - Earn money working from anywhere - Research in your free time and as often as you'd like - Network with peers in a global community of independent researchers - Learn about new industries and access a growing database of original research APPLICATION To apply, please continue to our online application available here: https://askwonder.com/rr/FreelancedResearcher12-27"
          

Pompano Beach High School Hosts the International Summit

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Friday, January 20, 2017
Pompano Beach High School hosts its third annual International Summit, January 21 – 27, 2017. More than 80 educators and students from eight countries including Brazil, China, Egypt, France, Haiti, Ireland, Poland and Switzerland will participate in the summit.
          

An uncontrollable mess: The proliferation of state spyware

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An uncontrollable mess: The proliferation of state spyware

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Three NGOs and a digital rights platform from Germany including Reporters Without Borders (RSF Germany), The Society for Civil Rights (GFF), the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) this month filed a criminal lawsuit against FinFisher, a German company that develops and markets the spyware called FinSpy, for illegally exporting their software to Turkey. The Munich public prosecutor has launched an investigation into the charges. 

The matter is not new for those who follow this field; reports of FinSpy's use against the opposition in Turkey have been circulating for years. This latest episode is based on the claim that the Turkish government planted the software on a fake website designed to attract people interested in, or involved with the Adalet website, which was originally created to facilitate the coordination of opposition during 2017 protest marches. 

According to the claims, this site contained an app that infected the users' devices with FinSpy, which has many capabilities that can completely undermine the privacy of the individuals who used their devices, opening up opportunities for the Turkish government to abuse information to put pressure on opposition figures. At this point, this is a claim that is still being investigated, but it is well known that intelligence agencies, governments, and even third parties routinely utilise spyware for multiple purposes.

Installing antivirus or privacy protection software is no guarantee against such tools, which are designed to evade such measures. Regardless of the result of the German court case, such tools will continue to proliferate in the foreseeable future. As early as six years ago, researchers from the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto found servers operating FinSpy in 25 countries including Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, the Netherlands, Qatar and the United States. 

In some cases, the sale and use of FinSpy happened through legal channels, but in an age when the proliferation of extremely complex and costly programmes such as nuclear weapons cannot be fully controlled, to suggest that uncontrolled proliferation of mere software is difficult as it is bound by legal frameworks would be ludicrous. There have already been multiple reports of state actors using FinSpy to monitor their populations and suppress dissent, as the Turkish example also suggests.

And FinSpy is by no means the only tool used by states for such purposes; another recent report of abuse, also revealed by the Citizen Lab in 2018 shows that spyware called Pegasus, developed by Israeli company NSO Group was used by a number of countries. Citizen Lab also found that at least 10 operators of the spyware "appear to be engaged in cross-border surveillance". In total, the report found Pegasus infections in 45 countries.

When it comes to the proliferation of surveillance software, states are not the only interested audience; from businesses to hacker groups (ethical or otherwise), from criminal organisations to terrorist organisations, there is an enormous and chaotic marketplace for such tools, and proliferation happens at every level. In the case of Pegasus, a former employee of NSO Group was charged with stealing the spyware and trying to sell it for $50 million over the dark web. 

Much of the code of FinSpy was found to have been copied and used by the hacker group StrongPity, which staged numerous "Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM)" attacks in recent years, especially in Turkey (but also in Belgium, Italy and Syria). In other words, FinFisher did not have to sell anything illegally to anyone; its code and methods could be compromised by one of many hacker groups. 

Proliferation does not only happen through illicit or illegal means. In 2016, it was found that Turk Telekom had used Sandvine/Procera Networks Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) devices to deliver FinSpy to users who wanted to download Windows applications. Similar claims were made for Telecom Egypt, as well. When the U.S.-based company Procera, which operates branches in Canada and Sweden, became aware through its engineers in Sweden that its products were used by Turk Telekom, senior technical engineer Kriss Andsten resigned, sending a company-wide email that said: "I do not wish to spend the rest of my life with the regret of having been a part of Erdoğan’s insanity, so I'm out." 

According to Forbes, the initial request by Turk Telekom through a proxy had been deemed legitimate by senior figures at the company. But it turned out that Turk Telekom did not just request usernames and passwords, but also the IP addresses of the users, as well as a list of sites they visited.

The strength of the software that was sold to Turkey was likened to a tool used by the National Security Agency in its capabilities by computer security researchers.

If you thought that the major threat to your privacy came from businesses and social media, consider the fact that the motivations of most businesses involve profit, and the legal tools at their disposal can only collect so much. While this is not taken lightly, it is the tip of the iceberg. What about tools built from the ground up to spy on your every activity, designed to avoid detection, tools capable of reading all your messages, including encrypted ones, tools capable of locating your location at any given time with great precision, tools that can not only access your most intimate personal information, but are capable of acting on your behalf using your own equipment?" Do not forget, these tools are primarily being used by state actors with vast resources, in addition to other groups.

Turkey has been accused time and again of abusing human rights, including the right to privacy. In all three examples above, Turkey was one of the top consumers of spyware. This is not a coincidence.

*My thanks to MiTM Labs (https://mitmlabs.com/) for the help in researching certain aspects of this article.

 

© Ahval English

The views expressed in this column are the author’s and do not necessarily reflect those of Ahval.


          

Putin: Have NWO Agents Published “A World Map” and “Marked All the U.S. Military Bases on It” Yet?

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“At this point, the US has some kind of military presence in Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, U.A.E., Uzbekistan, and Yemen.”
          

Automotive market anticipates impacts of eliminating customs on Turkish-origin cars

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Turkish car prices expected to fall by 2.5% in 2020

The post Automotive market anticipates impacts of eliminating customs on Turkish-origin cars appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

CIB achieves net profits of EGP3.2bn in 3Q19

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Beltone rates CIB’s fair value at EGP81.07

The post CIB achieves net profits of EGP3.2bn in 3Q19 appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Early stage of comprehensive healthcare insurance registers over a million citizens

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This came four months after the start of the experimental stage’s launch in July 

The post Early stage of comprehensive healthcare insurance registers over a million citizens appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Vested Entrepreneurship Summit promotes $50,000 prize and technology platform

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During the summit, she announced the launch of a technology platform to promote investment opportunities in entrepreneurship and start-ups.

The post Vested Entrepreneurship Summit promotes $50,000 prize and technology platform appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Parliament urges disciplinary action for MP who proposed “political reform initiative”

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Tantaw’s initiative called for the abolition of the recent constitutional amendments, which allow the president's term in office be increased from four to six years.

The post Parliament urges disciplinary action for MP who proposed “political reform initiative” appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Egypt praises Riyadh’s agreement to end conflict in South Yemen

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The agreement aimed at ending a conflict simmering within the country's long-running civil war

The post Egypt praises Riyadh’s agreement to end conflict in South Yemen appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Amid joint drill, Egypt, Greece, and Cyprus condemn Turkey’s Mediterranean violations

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According to Cyprus News Agency, the Cypriot Defence Minister Savvas Angelides said during the meeting that Turkey's illegal measures in Cyprus’ EEZ in the Mediterranean Sea, violates the sovereign rights of his country and the international law.

The post Amid joint drill, Egypt, Greece, and Cyprus condemn Turkey’s Mediterranean violations appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Shoukry meets US congressmen ahead of GERD mediation meeting in Washington

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The minister reviewed with Kushner Egyptian efforts since 2014 to reach a fair agreement on GERD to achieve the interests of the three countries

The post Shoukry meets US congressmen ahead of GERD mediation meeting in Washington appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Egypt is Brazil’s No 1 trade partner in Africa, Arab region: diplomat

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“The free trade agreement between Brazil and Egypt that was enforced in 2017 provided new opportunities, not only for Brazil’s exports, but also for Egypt’s exports to Brazil,” he added.

The post Egypt is Brazil’s No 1 trade partner in Africa, Arab region: diplomat appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Vodafone International acquires Vodafone Egypt’s VIS for EGP 1bn

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Vodafone Egypt holds 55% of VIS platform, while 45% stake belongs to the state-run Telecom Egypt.

The post Vodafone International acquires Vodafone Egypt’s VIS for EGP 1bn appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Construction of EGP 17bn Alexandria Metro to start in 1Q 2020

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Project to be implemented in three phases over two years, says Alexandria Governor

The post Construction of EGP 17bn Alexandria Metro to start in 1Q 2020 appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Egypt’s net foreign reserves rise by $128m to $45.247bn in October

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It’s the highest foreign exchange reserves in Egypt’s history, covering more than eight months of commodity imports.

The post Egypt’s net foreign reserves rise by $128m to $45.247bn in October appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Egypt continues to be EBRD’s success story in SEMED

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The bank’s investments in 2019 to exceed €1bn

The post Egypt continues to be EBRD’s success story in SEMED appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Untapped potential in MENA’s cross-border power interconnection

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WBG, LAS, and AFESD launch 1st Pan-Arab Energy Trade Conference in Cairo

The post Untapped potential in MENA’s cross-border power interconnection appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

‘Plug and Play’ picks Egyptian startup ‘dryve’ as 2019 Mobility Innovation Program finalist

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dryve is MENA’s leading peer-to-peer car-sharing platform utilising latest innovations in tech 

The post ‘Plug and Play’ picks Egyptian startup ‘dryve’ as 2019 Mobility Innovation Program finalist appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Energean to complete soon its acquisition of Edison’s assets in Egypt

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Company finalised evaluating of North Karish discovery

The post Energean to complete soon its acquisition of Edison’s assets in Egypt appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Pyramids Developments to launch administrative units in Paris mall

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Company offers 60,000 sqm- administrative area for sale in Paris malls

The post Pyramids Developments to launch administrative units in Paris mall appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

ISPH market share increases to 20.8% in 9M19: Pharos

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Insina’s net profit grew by 138% in 3Q19 recording EGP 144mn, up from EGP 60m in 2Q19

The post ISPH market share increases to 20.8% in 9M19: Pharos appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

EIB appoints Alfredo Abad as new Cairo office leader

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“Abad’s previous experience covering multilateral development and external relations will make a significant contribution to reinforcing the effective engagement of the EIB as a leader financier in Egypt,” the EIB announced in a statement.

The post EIB appoints Alfredo Abad as new Cairo office leader appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

EBRD boosts support to Egypt’s microfinance sector

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Bank announces new loan for TMES under its WiB programme

The post EBRD boosts support to Egypt’s microfinance sector appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

All sectors of the Cairo real estate market have seen improvements in Q3, says JLL

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Hotel sector in Cairo reached highest performance levels in over 11 years: JLL

The post All sectors of the Cairo real estate market have seen improvements in Q3, says JLL appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Lebanese army removes protesters’ roadblocks, resorting to force in some areas

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While some protestors peacefully opened the roads when security forces arrived, they were forcibly removed in the Zouk Mosbeh, north of Beirut, reported Al Arabiya.

The post Lebanese army removes protesters’ roadblocks, resorting to force in some areas appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

At least seven killed and dozens injured in latest Iraqi protests defying the PM’s calls

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The medical sources said that four protestors were killed while 34 were wounded, adding that one was killed by live fire, and two by rubber bullets and tear gas, but did not explain the fourth death. 

The post At least seven killed and dozens injured in latest Iraqi protests defying the PM’s calls appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Iran to take its fourth step to reduce JCPOA commitments

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Along with the United Kingdom, France, Russia, Germany, and China, the US agreed on a long term deal with Iran on its nuclear programme for sanctions relief in 2015.

The post Iran to take its fourth step to reduce JCPOA commitments appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

States do not interfere with the media anywhere but in the Arab world : Rashwan

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Rashwan said that foreign media in Egypt is doing its job to the fullest, however some of them insult and defame Egyptians

The post States do not interfere with the media anywhere but in the Arab world : Rashwan appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Egypt Defence Minister heads to Greece to attend ‘Medusa 9’ drills

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Exercises have begun on Sunday with the participation of Egyptian, Greek, Cypriot armed forces

The post Egypt Defence Minister heads to Greece to attend ‘Medusa 9’ drills appeared first on Daily News Egypt.


          

Job loss, greatest challenge to planned airport privatisation —Nnaji

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Tribune Online

Job loss, greatest challenge to planned airport privatisation —Nnaji


airports, airport development, Job loss

THE chairman, House of Representatives Committee on Aviation, Honourable Nnoli Nnaji has declared that immediate job loss resulting from downsizing will be the biggest challenge that may confront Nigeria in its determination to embark on privatization of some airports.


Speaking at the 2019 NigerianTravelsmart (NTM) colloquium held in Lagos, Nnaji cited how the airports presently absorb a lot of Nigerians seeking for jobs, but added that unfortunately the size of the airports has not significantly changed.


Besides, Nnaji cited what he called  “the peculiarity of Nigerian airports, development model and the critical role the airport plays where it is seen as catalyst for business activities, does not necessarily make profit as long as it meets the social economic needs.”


According to him, he referred to the ongoing national security issues, through which he cautioned that the nation’s gateway may be open to abuse.


Speaking on passenger traffic, Nnaji described Nigeria as a great nation, but lamented that its air transportation usability was far below its population ratio, making some airport locations redundant while some are overly active, which he said was as a result of low middle class capacity.


He also made mention of the Act that set up the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN) which he said gave it the power to dominate in an area that can be open for private sector entry thus calling for a review of the Act.


Why 3 p.m. is best time for couples to make love — Hormone experts


“I have had the opportunity of reading through the report of Nigeria’s Annual Airport Business Summit for 2017, 2018 and 2019, organized by FCI International limited each of these reports show consistently that the biggest challenge to airport concession in Nigeria is first and foremost the fear of ‘Job Loss’.


“The 2019 report of the Summit suggested steps that can be taken before a successful airport privatization is achieved, following the peculiarities of Nigeria’s airport development structure as itemized earlier. The Summit further suggested the unbundling of Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria, which will help to address the basic problem of job loss and unemployment.


“However, the unbundling of FAAN may lead to a more efficient and progressive airport development and an enabling environment that will attract private sector investments and tourism development in Nigeria.”


The three organizations that are being proposed to emerge from the process include: Nigeria Airport Development Agency which shall have the authority and capacity to process, supervise, monitor and forecast the development of airports in Nigeria.


The proposed agency will advise, check the capability, practicability of interests and applications in line with developmental needs, security approvals and compliance to NCAA regulations. This will help address both aeronautical and non-aeronautical business matters for both private and public airport developmental interests.


Airport Management Company PLC, another organization being proposed shall


be a limited liability company or public quoted company with less than 20% shares held by the Federal Government of Nigeria while the remaining shares shall be sold.


According to Nnaji; “This shall be a first class global company with the sole function of engaging in airport operations and management worldwide. The company shall compete and bid for the management, operation of FAAN airports and other airports worldwide. It shall be allowed to develop its structure and business model without government interference.


The third organization being proposed is the Federal Airports Property Company Ltd which shall be the owner and custodian of all Federal Airports Lands and Properties where Government can invest in airport development but not in its operations.


“The argument may be endless, but the important thing here is that we need functional airport services that will balance the observed variance of the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the quest of Airport Council International (ACI) to liberalize the airports. The ultimate beneficiary should be the airport users so that commuters can commute safely and in a secured manner,reliably, efficiently and affordably.


“Therefore to which ever direction we choose to go, the regulatory frame work that will ensure proper guidance on the operations of privatized airports in the country or government running of airports like in Egypt and Ethiopia, will need to be instituted and this still requires further debate that will enable a well-structured economic regulation that ultimately ensures air transport safety.”


 


Nigerian Tribune


Job loss, greatest challenge to planned airport privatisation —Nnaji

Tribune Online


Source: https://tribuneonlineng.com/job-loss-greatest-challenge-to-planned-airport-privatisation-nnaji/
          

Egyptian Event Europe 2019

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“Best in Show” For Hikayet Hob AA It was on Eid day when four-legged beauty Hikayet Hob conquered the European crown of Straight Egyptian mares at the Egyptian Event Europe in front of the most splendid castle “Löwenstein”. All championships, … Weiterlesen
          

Pyramid Society Stud Farm Tour 2019

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As almost every year right after the Egyptian Event, the Pyramid Society Europe did organise a farm tour – this time in the heart of Bavaria. A lovely group of enthusiasts from different Countries, such as Germany, Netherlands, Danmark and … Weiterlesen
          

Registration Egyptian Event Europe 2019

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Ausschreibung Egyptian Event Europe 2019

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Egyptian Event Europe 10 & 11 August 2019

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Kuwait ANC Straight Egyptian

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Mehr als 160 arabische Pferde aus Kuwait, Ägypten und Saudi-Arabien nahmen am All Nations Cup Straight Egyptian (ANC-SE) für rein ägyptische Vollblutaraber teil, der unter der Schirmherrschaft Seiner Hoheit, des Emir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, organisiert wurde. Die Ägypterzucht … Weiterlesen
          

Natural Amethyst 4mmx6mm Faceted Rondelle Beads, Full Strand J1206 by MapleRanch

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12.00 USD

Sold per strand.

Beautiful stone, excellent cutting. Special deal !!!!!

Crystalline quartz in shades of purple, lilac or mauve is called amethyst, a stone traditionally worn to guard against drunkeness and to instill a sober mind. The word amethyst comes from the Greek meaning "without drunkenness" and amethyst is believed to protect one from poison.

It is used as a dream stone and to help insomnia. Put an amethyst under your pillow to bring about pleasant dreams, or rub it across your forehead to offer relief from a headache.

Ancient Egyptians used the amethyst guard against guilty and fearful feelings. It has been worn as protection from self-deception, as well as a protection against witchcraft. The amethyst has long been used to open the spiritual and psychic centers, making it one of the power stones. It is also used as a meditation aid when worn as a necklace.

The amethyst is known as the Bishop's Stone and is still worn by Catholic Bishops. The amethyst symbolizes piety, humility, sincerity and spiritual wisdom. It is thought the amethyst is the perfect stone to symbolize The Age of Aquarius.

Amethyst is a gemstone often worn by healers, as it has the power to focus energy. A healer will usually wear several pieces of jewelry with amethysts set in silver, especially an amethyst necklace. The person to be healed will have an Amethyst to hold while the healing is being done. The healer will place another piece of Amethyst on the area of the body in need of healing, the heart or lungs usually.

Please refer to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amethyst for more information about this beautiful stone.

Please contact us for more production information or quantity order quote.


          

Garlic - Health Booster

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Garlic, a member of the Allium family and cousin to the onion, scallion, chive and shallot, has had a reputation for being a cure-all for centuries. Egyptian pyramid builders used it for strength; ancient Greeks used it as a laxative; Europeans used it to repel the plague; WWII soldiers used it as an antibiotic for battle wounds. Then, of course, there's its reputed ability to ward off vampires. Despite its distinctive, lingering odor, garlic is still one of herbal medicines most popular healers today.

There are over 100 sulfur compounds in garlic, some of which have therapeutic properties when ingested raw. Allin, allicin and ajoene are some of the chemicals responsible for garlic's curative powers. It has been noted that cultures that eat a lot of garlic, like the Italians and Spanish, tend to have lower rates of heart disease. Studies show that garlic can make platelets less sticky and less prone to clogging the arteries. It is an anticoagulant that can inhibit plaque formation and widen blood vessels, thereby lowering blood pressure. Recent research has been looking into garlic's potential role in lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. There is even some evidence to suggest that it slows the growth of tumors and may help prevent some forms of cancer.

Garlic is a powerful antioxidant that has anti-infection qualities, something proved by Luis Pasteur back in the 19th century. It strengthens the immune system and quells bacteria, viruses and fungi to prevent ailments like colds, flu, athletes foot, swimmer's ear and other infectious diseases. Some skin conditions such as insect bites and warts may also benefit from a topical application of crushed garlic.

Many people are put off by the pungent odor that eating raw garlic brings to their breath and skin, and even some supplements can cause one to burp malodorously. Look for enteric-coated capsules of garlic powder or deodorized garlic preparations if you want to avoid this unpleasant side effect.


          

Mohamed Salah Extends Astonishing Anfield Record With Assist Against Genk

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​Since Mo Salah joined Liverpool from Roma in 2017, the Egyptian has played a pivotal role in transforming the Reds into an elite side. .
          

Egypte Moderne Ideologie Et Renaissance Nationale Anouar Abdel

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Egypte Moderne Ideologie Et Renaissance Nationale Anouar Abdel
          

Writing ‘Akhnaten’

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Akhnaten, Philip Glass’ “Egyptian opera,” opening at the Metropolitan Opera this weekend, premiered in 1984 and since then has been produced in many different stagings, primarily in European cities, where the composer has a very large and enthusiastic audience. Akhnaten’s American production story has been much more modest. In New York, it was first staged at the New York City Opera when that company was directed by Beverly Sills.

Three decades ago Glass was still thought of as an avant-garde downtown composer. Uptown audiences, especially those who went to the Metropolitan Opera, were not yet ready for his heady minimalist music and his extravagant theater-music conceptions. As co-author of Akhnaten’s libretto, and as compiler and translator of its vocal texts, I have traveled to consult on and see at least a dozen of the opera’s productions in cities around the world. But as a native New Yorker, I can’t help but being especially thrilled anticipating its reception at the Metropolitan Opera. For it was in 1956, at the “old” Metropolitan Opera House (before Lincoln Center was built in the early 1960s) that I saw my first opera—a performance of Verdi’s great “Egyptian opera” Aida, which featured a live elephant and made a deep impression on me, perhaps leading to a lifelong interest in matters Egyptian and Middle Eastern.

Continue reading "Philip Glass's Egyptian Opera at the Met" at...


          

Ethiopia: 'US Nile talks not a negotiation'

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The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, being built on the Blue Nile tributary in northern Ethiopia, will create Africa's largest hydroelectric power station. But Egypt fears the project will allow Ethiopia to control the river's flow. The Ethiopian government says the talks in Washington are not negotiations. And Nigerian parents are sending their children with autism to religious rehabilitation centres known for torture, a special needs specialist has told the BBC.
          

Femmes Qui Ont Fait L Egypte D Isis A Cleopatre Christian

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Femmes Qui Ont Fait L Egypte D Isis A Cleopatre Christian
          

Egyptomania

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I’ve become interested recently in Egyptomania – the sudden engagement of western countries with Ancient Egypt in the nineteenth century. Egyptomania spawned a whole range of things – from the Egypt Exploration Society to the Amelia Peabody novels and is … Continue reading
          

MICROCAPITAL BRIEF: Invest In Visions’ IIV Mikrofinanzfonds Lends $49m to Microfinance Institutions in Ecuador, Egypt, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico and Timor-Leste – Including $10m to MFI Alternativa 19 del Sur

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Germany-based Invest In Visions (IIV) recently loaned USD 10 million to Alternativa 19 del Sur, a microfinance institution (MFI) in Mexico. The investment is one of a group of loans totaling USD 48.7 million that IIV recently disbursed from its microfinance investment vehicle IIV Mikrofinanzfonds. The recipients of this funding include unidentified MFIs in Ecuador,

The post MICROCAPITAL BRIEF: Invest In Visions’ IIV Mikrofinanzfonds Lends $49m to Microfinance Institutions in Ecuador, Egypt, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico and Timor-Leste – Including $10m to MFI Alternativa 19 del Sur appeared first on MicroCapital.


          

Joe Manganiello Will Play A Hero Looking For His ‘Archenemy’

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Joe Manganiello (‘True Blood’) is returning to genre work with a bang in an interesting new film called ‘Archenemy.’ The movie is coming from AFM by Voltage Pictures and is being helmed by Adam Egypt Mortimer (‘Daniel Isn’t Real’) based on a story by the writing duo Mortimer and Lucas Passmore. Producing is SpectreVison, who is responsible for giving fans the Nicholas Cage starring ‘Mandy.’ Producing for SpectreVision is Daniel Noah, Lisa Whalen, and Elijah Wood with Stacy Jorgensen and Babacar Diene of Voltage Pictures. Kim Sherman is also producing. As to what the film is about, The Hollywood Reporter posted this description: Archenemy is the story of Max Fist, who claims to be a hero from another dimension who fell through time and space to earth, where he has no powers. No one believes his stories except for a local teen named Hamster. Together, they take to the streets to wipe out the local drug syndicate and its vicious crime boss known as The Manager. While most casting has yet to be announced, we do know that Manganiello will be playing Max Fist, who sounds like a character that we’ll find highly entertaining to watch.   RELATED:  It’s A […]

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This Week's Music Video - The Bangles, Manic Monday

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C'est le début de la semaine, c'est pour certain(e)s la rentrée, c'est just another Manic Monday! The Bangles en 1985 à l'époque de leur second album, Different Light, celui qui les fit décoller dans les charts avec le hit Walk Like An Egyptian. Pure pop en version Paisley Underground, le genre de trucs qui (tout comme leur excellent premier album, All Over The Place, paru l'année précedente) n'en finit plus de se bonifier en vieillissant. Enjoy.

Bangles - Manic Monday

 


          

Building Intuitions On Non-Empirical Arguments In Science by Scott Alexander

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I.

Aeon: Post-Em­piri­cal Science Is An Oxy­moron And It is Danger­ous:

There is no agreed crite­rion to dis­t­in­guish sci­ence from pseu­do­science, or just plain or­di­nary bul­lshit, open­ing the door to all man­ner of meta­physics mas­querad­ing as sci­ence. This is ‘post-em­piri­cal’ sci­ence, where truth no longer mat­ters, and it is po­ten­tially very dan­ger­ous.

It’s not difficult to find re­cent ex­am­ples. On 8 June 2019, the front cover of New Scien­tist mag­a­z­ine boldly de­clared that we’re ‘In­side the Mir­ror­verse’. Its ed­i­tors bid us ‘Wel­come to the par­allel re­al­ity that’s hid­ing in plain sight’. […]

[Some physi­cists] claim that neu­trons [are] flit­ting be­tween par­allel uni­verses. They ad­mit that the chances of prov­ing this are ‘low’, or even ‘zero’, but it doesn’t re­ally mat­ter. When it comes to grab­bing at­ten­tion, invit­ing that all-im­por­tant click, or pur­chase, spec­u­la­tive meta­physics wins hands down.

Th­ese the­o­ries are based on the no­tion that our Uni­verse is not unique, that there ex­ists a large num­ber of other uni­verses that some­how sit alongside or par­allel to our own. For ex­am­ple, in the so-called Many-Wor­lds in­ter­pre­ta­tion of quan­tum me­chan­ics, there are uni­verses con­tain­ing our par­allel selves, iden­ti­cal to us but for their differ­ent ex­pe­riences of quan­tum physics. Th­ese the­o­ries are at­trac­tive to some few the­o­ret­i­cal physi­cists and philoso­phers, but there is ab­solutely no em­piri­cal ev­i­dence for them. And, as it seems we can’t ever ex­pe­rience these other uni­verses, there will never be any ev­i­dence for them. As Brous­sard ex­plained, these the­o­ries are suffi­ciently slip­pery to duck any kind of challenge that ex­per­i­men­tal­ists might try to throw at them, and there’s always some­one happy to keep the idea al­ive.

Is this re­ally sci­ence? The an­swer de­pends on what you think so­ciety needs from sci­ence. In our post-truth age of ca­sual lies, fake news and al­ter­na­tive facts, so­ciety is un­der ex­traor­di­nary pres­sure from those push­ing po­ten­tially dan­ger­ous an­ti­scien­tific pro­pa­ganda – rang­ing from cli­mate-change de­nial to the anti-vaxxer move­ment to home­o­pathic medicines. I, for one, pre­fer a sci­ence that is ra­tio­nal and based on ev­i­dence, a sci­ence that is con­cerned with the­o­ries and em­piri­cal facts, a sci­ence that pro­motes the search for truth, no mat­ter how tran­sient or con­tin­gent. I pre­fer a sci­ence that does not read­ily ad­mit the­o­ries so vague and slip­pery that em­piri­cal tests are ei­ther im­pos­si­ble or they mean ab­solutely noth­ing at all.

As always, a sin­gle quote doesn’t do the ar­gu­ment jus­tice, so go read the ar­ti­cle. But I think this cap­tures the ba­sic ar­gu­ment: mul­ti­verse the­o­ries are bad, be­cause they’re untestable, and untestable sci­ence is pseu­do­science.

Many great peo­ple, both philoso­phers of sci­ence and prac­tic­ing sci­en­tists, have already dis­cussed the prob­lems with this point of view. But none of them lay out their ar­gu­ment in quite the way that makes the most sense to me. I want to do that here, with­out claiming any origi­nal­ity or spe­cial ex­per­tise in the sub­ject, to see if it helps con­vince any­one else.

II.

Con­sider a clas­sic ex­am­ple: mod­ern pa­le­on­tol­ogy does a good job at pre­dict­ing dinosaur fos­sils. But the cre­ation­ist ex­pla­na­tion – Satan buried fake dinosaur fos­sils to mis­lead us – also pre­dicts the same fos­sils (we as­sume Satan is good at dis­guis­ing his ex­is­tence, so that the lack of other strong ev­i­dence for Satan doesn’t con­tra­dict the the­ory). What prin­ci­ples help us re­al­ize that the Satan hy­poth­e­sis is ob­vi­ously stupid and the usual pa­le­on­tolog­i­cal one more plau­si­ble?

One bad re­sponse: pa­le­on­tol­ogy can bet­ter pre­dict char­ac­ter­is­tics of dinosaur fos­sils, us­ing ar­gu­ments like “since ple­siosaurs are aquatic, they will be found in ar­eas that were un­der­wa­ter dur­ing the Me­so­zoic, but since tyran­nosaurs are ter­res­trial, they will be found in ar­eas that were on land”, and this makes it bet­ter than the Satan hy­poth­e­sis, which can only retro­d­ict these char­ac­ter­is­tics. But this isn’t quite true: since Satan is try­ing to fool us into be­liev­ing the mod­ern pa­le­on­tol­ogy paradigm, he’ll hide the fos­sils in ways that con­form to its pre­dic­tions, so we will pre­dict ple­siosaur fos­sils will only be found at sea – oth­er­wise the gig would be up!

A sec­ond bad re­sponse: “The hy­poth­e­sis that all our find­ings were planted to de­ceive us bleeds into con­spir­acy the­o­ries and touches on the prob­lem of skep­ti­cism. Th­ese things are in­her­ently out­side the realm of sci­ence.” But ar­chae­olog­i­cal find­ings are very of­ten de­liber­ate hoaxes planted to de­ceive ar­chae­ol­o­gists, and in prac­tice ar­chae­ol­o­gists con­sider and test that hy­poth­e­sis the same way they con­sider and test ev­ery other hy­poth­e­sis. Rule this out by fiat and we have to ac­cept Pilt­down Man, or at least claim that the peo­ple ar­gu­ing against the ve­rac­ity of Pilt­down Man were do­ing some­thing other than Science.

A third bad re­sponse: “Satan is su­per­nat­u­ral and sci­ence is not al­lowed to con­sider su­per­nat­u­ral ex­pla­na­tions.” Fine then, re­place Satan with an alien. I think this is a stupid dis­tinc­tion – if demons re­ally did in­terfere in earthly af­fairs, then we could in­ves­ti­gate their ac­tions us­ing the same meth­ods we use to in­ves­ti­gate ev­ery other pro­cess. But this would take a long time to ar­gue well, so for now let’s just stick with the alien.

A fourth bad re­sponse: “There is no em­piri­cal test that dis­t­in­guishes the Satan hy­poth­e­sis from the pa­le­on­tol­ogy hy­poth­e­sis, there­fore the Satan hy­poth­e­sis is in­her­ently un­falsifi­able and there­fore pseu­do­scien­tific.” But this can’t be right. After all, there’s no em­piri­cal test that dis­t­in­guishes the pa­le­on­tol­ogy hy­poth­e­sis from the Satan hy­poth­e­sis! If we call one of them pseu­do­science based on their in­sep­a­ra­bil­ity, we have to call the other one pseu­do­science too!

A naive Pop­pe­rian (which maybe no­body re­ally is) would have to stop here, and say that we pre­dict dinosaur fos­sils will have such-and-such char­ac­ter­is­tics, but that ques­tions like that pro­cess that drives this pat­tern – a long-dead ecosys­tem of ac­tual dinosaurs, or the Devil plant­ing dinosaur bones to de­ceive us – is a mys­ti­cal ques­tion be­yond the abil­ity of Science to even con­ceiv­ably solve.

I think the cor­rect re­sponse is to say that both the­o­ries ex­plain the data, and one can­not em­piri­cally test which the­ory is true, but the pa­le­on­tol­ogy the­ory is more el­e­gant (I am tempted to say “sim­pler”, but that might im­ply I have a rigor­ous math­e­mat­i­cal defi­ni­tion of the form of sim­plic­ity in­volved, which I don’t). It re­quires fewer other weird things to be true. It in­volves fewer other hid­den vari­ables. It trans­forms our wor­ld­view less. It gets a cleaner shave with Oc­cam’s Ra­zor. This el­e­gance is so im­por­tant to us that it ex­plains our vast prefer­ence for the first the­ory over the sec­ond.

A long tra­di­tion of philoso­phers of sci­ence have already writ­ten elo­quently about this, summed up by Sean Car­roll here:

What makes an ex­pla­na­tion “the best.” Thomas Kuhn ,af­ter his in­fluen­tial book The Struc­ture of Scien­tific Revolu­tions led many peo­ple to think of him as a rel­a­tivist when it came to sci­en­tific claims, at­tempted to cor­rect this mis­im­pres­sion by offer­ing a list of crite­ria that sci­en­tists use in prac­tice to judge one the­ory bet­ter than an­other one: ac­cu­racy, con­sis­tency, broad scope, sim­plic­ity, and fruit­ful­ness. “Ac­cu­racy” (fit­ting the data) is one of these crite­ria, but by no means the sole one. Any work­ing sci­en­tist can think of cases where each of these con­cepts has been in­voked in fa­vor of one the­ory or an­other. But there is no un­am­bigu­ous al­gorithm ac­cord­ing to which we can feed in these crite­ria, a list of the­o­ries, and a set of data, and ex­pect the best the­ory to pop out. The way in which we judge sci­en­tific the­o­ries is in­escapably re­flec­tive, messy, and hu­man. That’s the re­al­ity of how sci­ence is ac­tu­ally done; it’s a mat­ter of judg­ment, not of draw­ing bright lines be­tween truth and falsity or sci­ence and non-sci­ence. For­tu­nately, in typ­i­cal cases the ac­cu­mu­la­tion of ev­i­dence even­tu­ally leaves only one vi­able the­ory in the eyes of most rea­son­able ob­servers.

The dinosaur hy­poth­e­sis and the Satan hy­poth­e­sis both fit the data, but the dinosaur hy­poth­e­sis wins hands-down on sim­plic­ity. As Car­roll pre­dicts, most rea­son­able ob­servers are able to con­verge on the same solu­tion here, de­spite the philo­soph­i­cal com­plex­ity.

III.

I’m start­ing with this ex­treme case be­cause its very ex­trem­ity makes it eas­ier to see the mechanism in ac­tion. But I think the same pro­cess ap­plies to other cases that peo­ple re­ally worry about.

Con­sider the rid­dle of the Sphinx. There’s pretty good ar­chae­olog­i­cal ev­i­dence sup­port­ing the con­sen­sus po­si­tion that it was built by Pharaoh Khafre. But there are a few holes in that story, and a few scat­tered ar­ti­facts sug­gest it was ac­tu­ally built by Pharaoh Khufu; a re­spectable minor­ity of ar­chae­ol­o­gists be­lieve this. And there are a few anoma­lies which, if taken wildly out of con­text, you can use to tell a story that it was built long be­fore Egypt ex­isted at all, maybe by At­lantis or aliens.

So there are three com­pet­ing hy­pothe­ses. All of them are con­sis­tent with cur­rent ev­i­dence (even the At­lantis one, which was writ­ten af­ter the cur­rent ev­i­dence was found and care­fully adds enough epicy­cles not to blatantly con­tra­dict it). Per­haps one day ev­i­dence will come to light that sup­ports one above the oth­ers; maybe in some un­ex­ca­vated tomb, a hi­ero­glyphic tablet says “I cre­ated the Sphinx, sincerely yours, Pharaoh Khufu”. But maybe this won’t hap­pen. Maybe we already have all the Sphinx-re­lated ev­i­dence we’re go­ing to get. Maybe the in­for­ma­tion nec­es­sary to dis­t­in­guish among these hy­pothe­ses has been ut­terly lost be­yond any con­ceiv­able abil­ity to re­con­struct.

I don’t want to say “No hy­poth­e­sis can be tested any fur­ther, so Science is use­less to us here”, be­cause then we’re forced to con­clude stupid things like “Science has no opinion on whether the Sphinx was built by Khafre or At­lanteans,” whereas I think most sci­en­tists would ac­tu­ally have very strong opinions on that.

But what about the ques­tion of whether the Sphinx was built by Khafre or Khufu? This is a real open ques­tion with re­spectable ar­chae­ol­o­gists on both sides; what can we do about it?

I think the an­swer would have to be: the same thing we did with the Satan vs. pa­le­on­tol­ogy ques­tion, only now it’s a lot harder. We try to figure out which the­ory re­quires fewer other weird things to be true, fewer hid­den vari­ables, less trans­for­ma­tion of our wor­ld­view – which the­ory works bet­ter with Oc­cam’s Ra­zor. This is rel­a­tively easy in the At­lantis case, and hard but po­ten­tially pos­si­ble in the Khafre vs. Khufu case.

(Bayesi­ans can rephrase this to: given that we have a cer­tain amount of ev­i­dence for each, can we quan­tify ex­actly how much ev­i­dence, and what our pri­ors for each should be. It would end not with a de­ci­sive vic­tory of one or the other, but with a prob­a­bil­ity dis­tri­bu­tion, maybe 80% chance it was Khafre, 20% chance it was Khufu)

I think this is a to­tally le­gi­t­i­mate thing for Egyp­tol­o­gists to do, even if it never re­sults in a par­tic­u­lar testable claim that gets tested. If you don’t think it’s a le­gi­t­i­mate thing for Egyp­tol­o­gists to do, I have trou­ble figur­ing out how you can jus­tify Egyp­tol­o­gists re­ject­ing the At­lantis the­ory.

(Again, Bayesi­ans would start with a very low prior for At­lantis, and as­sess the ev­i­dence as very low, and end up with a prob­a­bil­ity dis­tri­bu­tion some­thing like Khafre 80%, Khufu 19.999999%, At­lantis 0.000001%)

IV.

How does this re­late to things like mul­ti­verse the­ory? Be­fore we get there, one more hokey ex­am­ple:

Sup­pose sci­en­tists mea­sure the mass of one par­ti­cle at 32.604 units, the mass of an­other re­lated par­ti­cle at 204.897 units, and the mass of a third re­lated par­ti­cle at 4452.767 units. For a while, this is just how things are – it seems to be an ir­re­ducible brute fact about the uni­verse. Then some the­o­rist no­tices that if you set the mass of the first par­ti­cle as x, then the sec­ond is 2πx and the third is 43 πx^2. They the­o­rize that per­haps the quan­tum field forms some sort of ex­tradi­men­sional sphere, the first par­ti­cle rep­re­sents a di­ame­ter of a great cir­cle of the sphere, the sec­ond the cir­cum­fer­ence of the great cir­cle, and the third the vol­ume of the sphere.

(please ex­cuse the stu­pidity of my ex­am­ple, I don’t know enough about physics to come up with some­thing that isn’t stupid, but I hope it will illus­trate my point)

In fact, imag­ine that there are a hun­dred differ­ent par­ti­cles, all with differ­ent masses, and all one hun­dred have masses that perfectly cor­re­spond to var­i­ous math­e­mat­i­cal prop­er­ties of spheres.

Is the per­son who made this dis­cov­ery do­ing Science? And should we con­sider their the­ory a use­ful con­tri­bu­tion to physics?

I think the an­swer is clearly yes. But con­sider what this com­mits us to. Sup­pose the sci­en­tist came up with their Ex­tradi­men­sional Sphere hy­poth­e­sis af­ter learn­ing the masses of the rele­vant par­ti­cles, and so it has not pre­dicted any­thing. Sup­pose the ex­tradi­men­sional sphere is out­side nor­mal space, curled up into some di­men­sion we can’t pos­si­bly ac­cess or test with­out a par­ti­cle ac­cel­er­a­tor the size of the moon. Sup­pose there are no undis­cov­ered par­ti­cles in this set that can be tested to see if they also re­flect sphere-re­lated pa­ram­e­ters. This the­ory is ex­actly the kind of postem­piri­cal, meta­phys­i­cal con­struct that the Aeon ar­ti­cle sav­ages.

But it’s re­ally com­pel­ling. We have a hun­dred differ­ent par­ti­cles, and this the­ory retro­d­icts the prop­er­ties of each of them perfectly. And it’s so sim­ple – just say the word “sphere” and the rest falls out nat­u­rally! You would have to be crazy not to think it was at least pretty plau­si­ble, or that the sci­en­tist who de­vel­oped it had done some good work.

Nor do I think it seems right to say “The dis­cov­ery that all of our un­ex­plained vari­ables perfectly match the pa­ram­e­ters of a sphere is good, but the hy­poth­e­sis that there re­ally is a sphere is out­side the bounds of Science.” That sounds too much like say­ing “It’s fine to say dinosaur bones have such-and-such char­ac­ter­is­tics, but we must never spec­u­late about what kind of pro­cess pro­duced them, or whether it in­volved ac­tual dinosaurs”.

V.

My un­der­stand­ing of the mul­ti­verse de­bate is that it works the same way. Scien­tists ob­serve the be­hav­ior of par­ti­cles, and find that a mul­ti­verse ex­plains that be­hav­ior more sim­ply and el­e­gantly than not-a-mul­ti­verse.

One (doubtless ex­ag­ger­ated) way I’ve heard mul­ti­verse pro­po­nents ex­plain their po­si­tion is like this: in cer­tain situ­a­tions the math de­clares two con­tra­dic­tory an­swers – in the clas­sic ex­am­ple, Schrod­inger’s cat will be both al­ive and dead. But when we open the box, we see only a dead cat or an al­ive cat, not both. Mul­ti­verse op­po­nents say “Some un­known force steps in at the last sec­ond and de­stroys one of the pos­si­bil­ity branches”. Mul­ti­verse pro­po­nents say “No it doesn’t, both pos­si­bil­ity branches hap­pen ex­actly the way the math says, and we end up in one of them.”

Tak­ing this ex­ag­ger­ated dumbed-down ac­count as ex­actly right, this sounds about as hard as the dinosaurs-vs-Satan ex­am­ple, in terms of figur­ing out which is more Oc­cam’s Ra­zor com­pli­ant. I’m sure the re­al­ity is more nu­anced, but I think it can be judged by the same pro­cess. Per­haps this is the kind of rea­son­ing that only gets us to a 90% prob­a­bil­ity there is a mul­ti­verse, rather than a 99.999999% one. But I think de­ter­min­ing that the­o­ries have 90% prob­a­bil­ity is a rea­son­able sci­en­tific thing to do.

VI.

At times, the Aeon ar­ti­cle seems to flirt with ad­mit­ting that some­thing like this is nec­es­sary:

Such prob­lems were judged by philoso­phers of sci­ence to be in­sur­mountable, and Pop­per’s falsifi­a­bil­ity crite­rion was aban­doned (though, cu­ri­ously, it still lives on in the minds of many prac­tis­ing sci­en­tists). But rather than seek an al­ter­na­tive, in 1983 the philoso­pher Larry Lau­dan de­clared that the de­mar­ca­tion prob­lem is ac­tu­ally in­tractable, and must there­fore be a pseudo-prob­lem. He ar­gued that the real dis­tinc­tion is be­tween knowl­edge that is re­li­able or un­re­li­able, ir­re­spec­tive of its prove­nance, and claimed that terms such as ‘pseu­do­science’ and ‘un­scien­tific’ have no real mean­ing.

But it always jumps back from the precipice:

So, if we can’t make use of falsifi­a­bil­ity, what do we use in­stead? I don’t think we have any real al­ter­na­tive but to adopt what I might call the em­piri­cal crite­rion. De­mar­ca­tion is not some kind of bi­nary yes-or-no, right-or-wrong, black-or-white judg­ment. We have to ad­mit shades of grey. Pop­per him­self was ready to ac­cept this, [say­ing]:

“The crite­rion of de­mar­ca­tion can­not be an ab­solutely sharp one but will it­self have de­grees. There will be well-testable the­o­ries, hardly testable the­o­ries, and non-testable the­o­ries. Those which are non-testable are of no in­ter­est to em­piri­cal sci­en­tists. They may be de­scribed as meta­phys­i­cal.”

Here, ‘testa­bil­ity’ im­plies only that a the­ory ei­ther makes con­tact, or holds some promise of mak­ing con­tact, with em­piri­cal ev­i­dence. It makes no pre­sump­tions about what we might do in light of the ev­i­dence. If the ev­i­dence ver­ifies the the­ory, that’s great – we cel­e­brate and start look­ing for an­other test. If the ev­i­dence fails to sup­port the the­ory, then we might pon­der for a while or tin­ker with the aux­iliary as­sump­tions. Either way, there’s a ten­sion be­tween the meta­phys­i­cal con­tent of the the­ory and the em­piri­cal data – a ten­sion be­tween the ideas and the facts – which pre­vents the meta­physics from get­ting com­pletely out of hand. In this way, the meta­physics is tamed or ‘nat­u­ral­ised’, and we have some­thing to work with. This is sci­ence.

But as we’ve seen, many things we re­ally want to in­clude as sci­ence are not testable: our cre­dence for real dinosaurs over Satan plant­ing fos­sils, our cre­dence for Khafre build­ing the Sphinx over Khufu or At­lanteans, or el­e­gant pat­terns that ex­plain the fea­tures of the uni­verse like the Ex­tradi­men­sional-Sphere The­ory.

The Aeon ar­ti­cle is aware of Car­roll’s work – which, along with the para­graph quoted in Sec­tion II above, in­cludes a lot of de­tailed Bayesian rea­son­ing en­com­pass­ing ev­ery­thing I’ve dis­cussed. But the ar­ti­cle dis­misses it in a few sen­tences:

Sean Car­roll, a vo­cal ad­vo­cate for the Many-Wor­lds in­ter­pre­ta­tion, prefers ab­duc­tion, or what he calls ‘in­fer­ence to the best ex­pla­na­tion’, which leaves us with the­o­ries that are merely ‘par­si­mo­nious’, a mat­ter of judg­ment, and ‘still might rea­son­ably be true’. But whose judg­ment? In the ab­sence of facts, what con­sti­tutes ‘the best ex­pla­na­tion’?

Car­roll seeks to dress his no­tion of in­fer­ence in the cloth of re­spectabil­ity pro­vided by some­thing called Bayesian prob­a­bil­ity the­ory, hap­pily over­look­ing its en­tirely sub­jec­tive na­ture. It’s a short step from here to the the­o­rist-turned-philoso­pher Richard Dawid’s efforts to jus­tify the string the­ory pro­gramme in terms of ‘the­o­ret­i­cally con­firmed the­ory’ and ‘non-em­piri­cal the­ory as­sess­ment’. The ‘best ex­pla­na­tion’ is then based on a choice be­tween purely meta­phys­i­cal con­structs, with­out refer­ence to em­piri­cal ev­i­dence, based on the ap­pli­ca­tion of a prob­a­bil­ity the­ory that can be read­ily en­g­ineered to suit per­sonal prej­u­dices.

“A choice be­tween purely meta­phys­i­cal con­structs, with­out refer­ence to em­piri­cal ev­i­dence” sounds pretty bad, un­til you re­al­ize he’s talk­ing about the same rea­son­ing we use to de­ter­mine that real dinosaurs are more likely than Satan plant­ing fos­sils.

I don’t want to go over the ex­act ways in which Bayesian meth­ods are sub­jec­tive (which I think are over­es­ti­mated) vs. ob­jec­tive. I think it’s more fruit­ful to point out that your brain is already us­ing Bayesian meth­ods to in­ter­pret the pho­tons strik­ing your eyes into this sen­tence, to make snap de­ci­sions about what sense the words are used in, and to in­te­grate them into your model of the world. If Bayesian meth­ods are good enough to give you ev­ery sin­gle piece of ev­i­dence about the na­ture of the ex­ter­nal world that you have ever en­coun­tered in your en­tire life, I say they’re good enough for sci­ence.

Or if you don’t like that, you can use the ex­pla­na­tion above, which barely uses the word “Bayes” at all and just de­scribes ev­ery­thing in terms like “Oc­cam’s Ra­zor” and “you wouldn’t want to con­clude some­thing like that, would you?”

I know there are sep­a­rate de­bates about whether this kind of rea­son­ing-from-sim­plic­ity is ac­tu­ally good enough, when used by or­di­nary peo­ple, to con­sis­tently ar­rive at truth. Or whether it’s a pro­duc­tive way to con­duct sci­ence that will give us good new the­o­ries, or a waste of ev­ery­body’s time. I sym­pa­thize with some these con­cerns, though I am nowhere near sci­en­tifi­cally ed­u­cated enough to have an ac­tual opinion on the ques­tions at play.

But I think it’s im­por­tant to ar­gue that even be­fore you de­scribe the ad­van­tages and dis­ad­van­tages of the com­pli­cated Bayesian math that lets you do this, some­thing like this has to be done. The untestable is a fun­da­men­tal part of sci­ence, im­pos­si­ble to re­move. We can de­bate how to ex­plain it. But deny­ing it isn’t an op­tion.


          

The cities of the future, here today

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About 12,000 years ago, the Neolithic Revolution marked the transition in human history from nomadic hunting and gathering to settling in permanent communities. In all probability, from that time forward mankind has fantasized about a city of the future.

Plato’s Atlantis was the source of inspiration for numerous literary and Utopian concepts, some of which have survived to this day.

Many a child of the Silent Generation can vividly recall watching the 1939 movie “Wizard of Oz” — following Dorothy and the gang along the yellow brick road to the gleaming Emerald City. And how many kids in the 1960s were left wishing they too lived in Orbit City where, like the Jetsons, they could fly to school and have a robot maid.

More recently, we can thank Walt Disney Studios for creating Tomorrowland, a 2015 movie filled with sleek buildings and teeming with robots, jet packs and space ships. The plot merited a barrage of rotten tomatoes but the filmmaker’s vision of what a city of the future might look like certainly fired the imagination.

Fictional renditions of the post-modern metropolis aside, we’ve discovered a number of real-life brick-and-mortar — or rather, glass, steel, ashcrete and carbon fiber — developments that suggest that cities of the future may be nearer at hand than we think.

Songdo, South Korea, is generally recognized as the world’s first smart city. Built on 1,500 acres of reclaimed land near Incheon, it is a low-carbon, eco-friendly, master-planned metropolis that is loaded with technological innovations.

The city’s buildings and streets bristle with sensors that monitor everything from energy use to traffic flow. The district boasts more than 20 million square feet of LEED-certified space, the highest concentration of LEED-certified projects in the world.

Pneumatic tubes send trash from residential units to an underground waste facility where it’s sorted and then recycled or burned for energy generation. Lighting, temperature controls and appliances can be adjusted via a central control panel or remotely from a cellphone. There’s a state-of-the-art water recycling facility and generous swaths of greenery sprinkled throughout — the largest one being the 100-acre seaside park modeled and named after New York City’s Central Park.

Trikala, Greece, may seem an unlikely candidate for a leading smart city, owing to its remote location in the country’s agricultural heartland. Inspired by an innovative, tech-savvy mayor who collaborated with the European Commission and some of the continent’s major tech companies, Trikala has taken a big step into the future.

The most substantial impact on residents’ lives was the digitalization of municipal operations, including an e-complaint system to help speed up services, traffic light monitoring and control, a driverless bus system, and the implementation of robotics labs in the city’s public schools.

A few American communities have made some promising futuristic advances as well.

Thanks to a huge 75 MW solar facility built by Florida Power & Light, the small Florida town of Babcock Ranch, just northeast of Fort Myers, has become the country’s first completely solar-powered community — and the first to introduce a self-driving public shuttle network. The town, with a potential for 50,000 fiber-optically connected residents, was designed and constructed from scratch by developers Kitson & Partners, in coordination with state and local governments.

Emerging from a gritty railyard on Manhattan’s West Side, Hudson Yards is a bold $25 billion development that touts itself as “Tomorrow’s City Today,” and is on its way to becoming the largest real estate development in United States history. This grove of crystalline skyscrapers comprises a mixed-use business, retail and residential complex, encompassing 18 million square feet of built space and about 15 acres of open public space.

Hudson Yards is seen as a cutting-edge model for the future of so-called smart cities, i.e., those with fully integrated infrastructures where internet and communications systems, water services, and electrical and power grids are all connected and unified. Although one critic described it as a “surface spectacle,” big name business (BlackRock, Warner Media, L’Oreal) and retail (Neiman Marcus, Dior, Gucci) have enthusiastically embraced the development.

Apartments and condos are reportedly filling at a rapid clip. A second phase of the project is slated to open in 2025.

Another exciting smart city concept being advanced internationally is Saudi Arabia’s planned Red Sea city of the future, named Neom. A master-planned smart city and tourist destination on the Red Sea coast near the borders of Egypt and Jordan, it is a pet project of controversial Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who has pledged $500 billion to get the project moving.

Some of that funding is to come from the bounty the kingdom expects from its planned IPO of state-owned Saudi Aramco. That IPO, however, has been delayed until late 2020, so development of Neom could be slowed. Toxicity surrounding the brutal murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, widely believed to be at the hands of the prince, has turned off some international investors in the project, but analysts suggest the smell of money will eventually find them back on board.

The Neom initiative emerged from Salman’s Saudi Vision 2030, a plan that aims to reduce Saudi dependency on oil by diversifying its economy and developing its long-neglected tourism industry.

Plans call for robots to perform functions such as security, logistics, home delivery and caregiving — and for the city to be powered solely with wind and solar power. The first phase of Neom Bay Airport was completed in June 2019, and the facility is now capable of handling international air traffic.

Perhaps the most interesting and feasible future city concept comes from no less than (trumpets, please) Google. The search engine giant’s parent company, Alphabet, has tendered a proposal to build a smart city named Quayside on 350 currently unused acres of Toronto’s eastern waterfront.

“Googleville,” as pundits have tagged it, would feature a long list of high-tech amenities such as solar power, geothermal heat, fiber-optics, and wireless 5G internet for everyone. A subterranean network of tunnels would be used for robotic waste collection and walkways and bike lanes would be heated in the winter.

The design relies on a vast range of data collection, including sensors literally everywhere to track things like the speed of people crossing the streets and park bench and restroom usage.

This has raised suspicion among those who distrust large tech companies that Google will use its vast financial resources and surveillance powers to usurp privacy and exert control over the populace. The project is estimated to cost about $3 billion, with Alphabet putting up $900 million. The plan still needs approval from Canadian regulators and the city of Toronto.

Looking a bit farther into the future, we will likely see such seemingly radical concepts as floating cities and self-contained biospheres become realities. If it can be imagined, there’s no doubt it will be built one day.


          

Trump Holds Talks with Foreign Ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan

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The foreign ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan met Wednesday in Washington with President Donald Trump and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to discuss the Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam (GERD) on Ethiopia's Blue Nile.

The post Trump Holds Talks with Foreign Ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan appeared first on Worthy Christian News.


          

Egypt – Hurghada 2008 4 - day

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Ancient aliens on the planet: Do these PREHISTORIC UFO drawings prove our company is perhaps not alone?Holistic rubric for essay writing

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Ancient aliens on the planet: Do these PREHISTORIC UFO drawings prove our company is perhaps not alone?Holistic rubric for essay writing Through the raising associated with the Egyptian pyramids to your mysterious Nazca Lines together with ominous minds of Easter Island, the creation of numerous ancient constructions happens to be caused by interstellar site visitors. […]
          

NILE Release Lyric Video For "Snake Pit Mating Frenzy" + Vile Nilotic Rites Out Now!

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Technical death metal Egyptologists NILE are proud to release their ninth album, Vile Nilotic Rites, today via Nuclear Blast. In celebration of the release the band offer fans the lyric video for the song, "Snake Pit Mating Frenzy". Watch the lyric video here: https://youtu.be/jt29cBn9ppkKarl Sanders comments, “The arrival of the release day of Vile Nilotic Rites is the long awaited culmination of not only years of passionate, ded [...]
          

UN Police patrol team raise young people’s awareness about MONUSCO's mandate

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UN Police patrol team raise young people’s awareness about MONUSCO's mandate. Photo: MONNUSCO/UNPOL


As part of the protection of civilians, a joint patrol team consisting of MONUSCO Policewoman Officer, Moussa Adizatou and ten (10) members of the Formed Police Unit from Egypt, conducted an awareness-raising and information session on the Mission’s mandate and the role of uniformed personnel. Held on in Kingabwa, along the main road ‘’poids lourds’’, Kinshasa commune, the awareness campaign was intended for a group of young men.

The purpose of this activity was not only to inform the population about MONUSCO’s mandate, as set out in the UN Security Council Resolution 2463 of March 29th, 2019, but also to bring the Mission closer to the population, in particular the young people.

The team dwelt much on the importance of the activities carried out by MONUSCO personnel (men and women) on the ground in keeping with the strict context of peacekeeping, namely: consolidating and maintaining peace by promoting progress towards national consensus and sustainable development of the DRC, capacity-building for the Congolese National Police for a proper implementation of the law and protection of the human rights, collaborating with international, national and local partners for the protection of civilians and their properties.

She briefly explained to the audience the priorities set out in the UNSC Resolution 2463 on the protection of civilians. The team also gave detailed explanations of UNPOL's activities. A series of questions and answers helped the audience to become more immersed in the day-to-day activities conducted by the latter on the ground.

The role in protecting civilians and securing agglomerations is a paramount concern for the Mission. This is why regular security patrols are conducted to reassure the population, to help them overcome the feeling of insecurity.

At the end of the session, the youth audience thanked the patrol team for their efforts to protect civilians. "We now know your mandate and its limits; however, we kindly request you to increase your activities, to better meet our security needs. Moreover, we do appreciate the patrols you have been conducting across the city of Kinshasa and elsewhere, we feel reassured, " said one of the young people, speaking under condition of anonymity.


          

Years Digging In Egypt 18811891 Classic Reprint

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Years Digging In Egypt 18811891 Classic Reprint
          

In Egypt Classic Reprint

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In Egypt Classic Reprint
          

11/7/2019: Puzzles & Prizes: WORLD’S SMALLEST, HARDEST CROSSWORD

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ACROSS 1. Egyptian cross (4) 5. Nursemaid in India (3) 6. Trivial lie (3) 7. Primordial matter (4) DOWN 2. Expose as a lie (4) 3. Painful swelling on the heel (4) 4. Derisive exclamation (2) 6. Expression of distaste (2) SOLUTION TOMORROW
          

De La Revolution Egyptienne

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De La Revolution Egyptienne
          

CAF U-23 AFCON: We Are Ready For Tournament, Says Black Meteors Skipper Yaw Yeboah

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117201995405-qulxoca443-yaw-yeboah-1 Black Meteors captain, Yaw Yeboah has insisted that his outfit is ready for the Africa U23 Cup of Nation. Ghana are making their debut at the continental showpiece since its appearance in 2011. Coach Ibrahim Tanko and his team are set for an opening day clash with Cameroon in Group A. Hosts Egypt and Mali are the other teams in the ...
          

Envoutantes De Legypte Ancienne

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Envoutantes De Legypte Ancienne
          

How Israel is Usurping the Rich Archeological Heritage of the Palestinian West Bank

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By Nabil Al-Sahl | – Palestine is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of antiquities, competing with Egypt in the Arab world. At least 22 civilisations have left their mark on Palestine, the first of which were the Canaanites; their presence is still visible today . . . Studies have indicated […]
          

Moreno Du Nil Le Siecle D Une Famille Juive En Egypte Recit Joseph

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Moreno Du Nil Le Siecle D Une Famille Juive En Egypte Recit Joseph
          

Egyptia updated their profile.

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Egyptia updated their profile.
          

Egyptia registered at The Parapsychological Association website.

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Egyptia registered at The Parapsychological Association website.
          

Egyptiennes Iii La Litterature Du Moyen Empire Michel

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Egyptiennes Iii La Litterature Du Moyen Empire Michel
          

Власти Египта обсудят с российскими экспертами возобновление авиасообщения

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В Египте обсудят возобновление авиасообщения с РФ

Российская делегация прибудет в Каир на этой неделе, чтобы обсудить статус российских рейсов в Египет. Об этом заявил министр гражданской авиации Юнес аль-Масри во время церемонии открытия терминала 2 в Международном Шарм-эль-Шейхе.

 

 

 

«Совместная работа с российскими экспертами помогла министерству обеспечить безопасность туристических аэропортов. Я также надеюсь, что российское правительство разрешит возобновить полеты в египетские туристические города как можно скорее», — сказал министр, передает издание Egypt Independent.

 

Также издание приводит данные «Russia Today», согласно которым ожидается, что как минимум 3,16 миллиона туристов посетят Египет после решения России отменить запрет на прямые рейсы в Каир.

Напомним, ранее министерство гражданской авиации Египта сообщило о тестировании здания второго терминала в аэропорту Шарм-эль-Шейха после ремонта.

Материал подготовлен редакцией www.trn-news.ru


          

Китай вошел в число самых популярных направлений на новогодние праздники у россиян

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Хайнань вошел в число самых востребованных направлений у россиян

По данным туроператора TEZ TOUR, остров Хайнань вошел в число самых востребованных направлений у российских туристов на предстоящие новогодние даты. Количество заявок на туры в южную провинцию Китая у клиентов туроператора на зимние праздники даты уже превысило аналогические показатели прошлого года на 143%. Возросшая популярность направления, по мнению специалистов TEZ TOUR, объясняется увеличением числа прямых рейсов из Москвы и крупнейших региональных городов России, активной безвизовой политикой региона, а также климатическими особенностями китайской провинции, позволяющими отдыхать на курортах острова круглый год.

 

 

Также в рейтинг популярных направлений на зимние праздничные даты, согласно данным туроператора, вошли Объединенные Арабские Эмираты, Турция, Таиланд, Египет, Испания, Австрия, Италия и Андорра.

При этом, самым доступным направлениями на период новогодних дат стала Турция. Стоимость туров в Турцию у туроператора TEZ TOUR на период новогодних праздников с авиаперелетом, размещением в отеле 3* на 6 ночей и питанием «завтраки» начинается от 18 400 рублей на человека.

Стоимость аналогичного тура в Китай (Хайнань) на новогодние даты с авиаперелетом в Санью, по данным TEZ TOUR, начинается от 29 300 рублей за тур в ОАЭ — от 38 000 рублей, в Таиланд — от 55 000 рублей на человека. Пляжный отдых в Египте с авиаперелетом в а/п г. Каир и размещением в отеле 4* на 6 ночей обойдется от 32 500 рублей. В число наиболее доступных направлений для горнолыжного отдыха вошли Болгария, Австрия и Андорра. Так стоимость туров на горнолыжные курорты Болгарии на предстоящие новогодние даты с авиаперелетом и размещением в отеле 4* начинается от 28 000 рублей, Австрии — от 34 200 рублей, Андорры — от 36 000 рублей.

Для экскурсионного отдыха самым доступным направлением стала Италия. Недельный тур с перелетом в а/п Римини и проживанием в отеле 3* на базе «завтраков» начинается от 20 100 рублей.

 

Материал подготовлен редакцией www.trn-news.ru


          

Терминал аэропорта Шарм-эль-Шейх тестируют после ремонта

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Терминал аэропорта Шарм-эль-Шейх тестируют после ремонта

Здание второго терминала в аэропорту Шарм-эль-Шейха после ремонта начали тестировать 4 ноября. Об этом сообщается в заявлении министерства гражданской авиации страны.

 

 

«В рамках усилий министерства гражданской авиации Египта по повышению конкурентности египетских аэропортов и приведению их в полное соответствие с самыми современными международными стандартами, а также для увеличения турпотока на курорты Красного моря, министр гражданской авиации Юнис аль-Масри принял участие в запуске тестовой работы второго терминала аэропорта Шарм-эш-Шейха», — говорится в документе, передают «РИА Новости».

В здании было установлено современное оборудование обеспечения безопасности: 200 камер видеонаблюдения, биометрический контроль доступа сотрудников в служебные помещения, анализаторы воздуха для обнаружения взрывчатки и ядовитых веществ, приборы для сканирования и трехмерного отображения содержимого багажа. Кроме того, багажная служба воздушной гавани сможет обрабатывать 4 тысячи единиц багажа в час.

Отмечается также, что после ремонта пропускная способность терминала увеличится с 7 до 9 миллионов туристов в год.

Напомним, 23 октября в Сочи в рамках саммита «Россия-Африка» главы двух стран обсудили снятие запрета на выполнение рейсов из РФ в Хургаду и Шарм-Эль-Шейх, однако так и не пришли к общему знаменателю.

Помимо этого, министр финансов Египта Мухаммед Мааит в кулуарах форума «Россия-Африка» сообщил, что ежегодно Египет теряет до 3 миллионов туристов из-за приостановки авиасообщения с Россией.

Материал подготовлен редакцией www.trn-news.ru


          

Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan Commit to Resolving Nile Dam Dispute

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[Deutsche Welle] The three African nations have said they will continue trying to resolve a conflict over plans for a massive Ethiopian-run dam along the Nile river. The project has raised concerns about shortages of drinking water.
          

Joint Statement Of Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, The United States, And The World Bank

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[U.S. Treasury] Washington, DC -The foreign ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan and their delegations met with the Secretary of the Treasury and the President of the World Bank in Washington, D.C. on November 6, 2019.  The ministers reaffirmed their joint commitment to reach a comprehensive, cooperative, adaptive, sustainable, and mutually beneficial agreement on the filling and operation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and to establish a clear process for fulfilling that commitment in accordance with the 2015 Declaration
          

Trump Holds Talks with Foreign Ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan

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[VOA] White House -The foreign ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan met Wednesday in Washington with President Donald Trump and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to discuss the Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam (GERD) on Ethiopia's Blue Nile.
          

Ministerial Meeting On GERD to Kick Off Wednesday in Washington

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[SNA] Khartoum -The especial ministerial meeting on Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam(GERD) is due to start Wednesday in Washington, capital of Uinted States and will be attended by foreign and irrigation ministers of Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia at US invitation.
          

Former military insider tries to rally Egypt's opposition

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BARCELONA, Spain (AP) — A self-exiled businessman who claims to know the secrets of Egypt's ruling military says he is marshaling political groups to try to topple President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, despite the opposition movement's increasingly bleak prospects.

Mohamed Ali, 45, pitches himself as a former government insider. Without offering evidence, he says he's witnessed high-level corruption and large-scale misuse of funds as a construction contractor for the military.

His allegations, recorded in a series of viral videos made in Spain, managed to ignite rare protests in September against el-Sissi. The government swiftly stamped out the scattered demonstrations, arresting thousands of suspected dissidents across the country.

Now Ali is on a media blitz, seeking to inject momentum into his cause.

"All of the opposition groups outside of Egypt are now agreeing with me. This is the first time this has happened under el-Sissi's rule," Ali told The Associated Press in an unadorned office outside of Barcelona, surrounded by camera crews for a possible documentary and sweeping views of the Mediterranean Sea.

He claimed to be communicating with an array of liberals, leftists and Islamists outside Egypt to oppose el-Sissi's government.

"I told them (the Muslim Brotherhood) that we have to close ranks," he said, referring to the Islamist political organization now outlawed in Egypt.

While in Spain, where he has relocated, Ali said he was approached by the Brotherhood, which had taken offense to one of his videos accusing their elected but divisive president, Mohammed Morsi, of mismanaging the country during his brief rule.

"I told them that we want Egypt to be like Europe," he said. "They said we agree with you, we also want Egypt to move forward."

Over 15 years of work...


          

Egypt lawmaker says parliament could sack him for criticism

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CAIRO (AP) — An Egyptian opposition lawmaker said Wednesday that the country's parliament has referred him to an ethics committee for posting a video criticizing President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, the latest episode in a widening crackdown by authorities on dissent.

The lawmaker, Ahmed Tantawi, also told The Associated Press that security forces arrested a worker in his office and an unspecified number of friends on Cairo. He didn't elaborate.

The development comes after the parliament, stacked with el-Sissi supporters, on Tuesday moved against Tantawi, and referred him to an ethics committee, which could ultimately remove him from parliament.

The state-run MENA news agency also reported on the referral by lawmakers.

Tantawi's video had lobbied against constitutional amendments adopted earlier this year in a national referendum, enshrining that el-Sissi can stay in power until 2030.

On Tuesday's session, around 100 lawmakers called for disciplinary measures against Tantawi. Parliament Speaker Ali Abdel-Al said those criticizing the political leadership "have no place in Egypt and should go to another country."

"We are committed to protect the people. The nation, the leadership, the military and police are red lines," Abdel-Al was quoted as saying by MENA.

El-Sissi, who previously held the office of military chief, led the military's 2013 overthrow of the freely elected but divisive Islamist president, Mohammed Morsi, after protests against Morsi's his brief rule.

El-Sissi was elected president the following year and has since presided over an unprecedented crackdown on dissent. He was re-elected last year after all potentially serious challengers were jailed or pressured to exit the race.

Tantawi also criticized the government's economic reforms as hurting the poor...


          

Stuck on US terror list, Sudan turns to wealthy Gulf for aid

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CAIRO (AP) — Sudan's new prime minister has repeatedly urged the West to end his country's international pariah status. He says it's the only way to save the nation's fragile democratic transition from a plunging economy.

In September, Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok said he was expecting a "big breakthrough" that would lead to removing Sudan from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism and unlocking desperately needed foreign aid.

But so far, nothing has changed — except that Hamdok is now turning to two wealthy Gulf Arab monarchies, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, to secure the funds to keep his government afloat. Both countries are known for bankrolling military rulers in Egypt, Libya and, previously, Sudan.

The U.S. named Sudan a state sponsor of terrorism in 1993, and the designation stuck throughout President Omar al-Bashir's rule. The U.S. began a formal process to de-list Sudan in January 2017, but this was put on hold when Sudan's mass protests erupted last year. The uprising toppled al-Bashir and eventually forced the military into a power-sharing agreement with civilians.

Sudanese officials, speaking on condition of anonymity to talk to reporters, are warning the slow response and "empty promises" from Western governments could weaken Sudan's new civilian leaders, only three months after they were appointed.

"The West has not taken any concrete steps to help the Sudanese," said one official, a government minister. "What we see now are words but no actions. They are demanding things that might take years to address."

The officials said American and European officials have set conditions that include reaching a peace agreement with the country's rebel groups, as well as addressing the role of Sudan's security forces in the transition.

The...


          

Egypt's president lavishly praises Trump on social media

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CAIRO (AP) — Egypt's president lavished praise on President Donald Trump via social media, calling him a "man with unique power to confront crises."

Abdel-Fatah el-Sissi's comments were the latest public example of the two leaders' closeness.

El-Sissi thanked Trump for his "generous concern" for helping revive Egypt's deadlocked dispute with Ethiopia.

The two countries are at odds over Ethiopia's construction of a massive upstream Nile dam, which Egypt claims threatens its water supply.

The U.S. is to host talks on Wednesday between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to discuss the dam, Cairo announced last week.

El-Sissi is a former army general who came to power in 2013. Since then, he's carried out a widespread crackdown on dissent, silencing critics and jailing thousands.

Trump has avoided censuring el-Sissi for his repression, instead admiring his efforts to combat terrorism.

Trump has drawn criticism for his relationships with autocratic leaders such as North Korea's Kim Jong Un and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

The most recent round of talks between the three Nile nations collapsed last month.

Pro-government media in Egypt have cast the dam as a national security threat that could warrant military action.

The White House said in October that it supports talks to reach a sustainable agreement while "respecting each other's Nile water equities."


          

Belangrijke resultaten in eerste week WRC-19

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Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypte, 1 november 2019. In de eerste week van de WRC-19 (World Radiocommunication Conference) bereikten de deelnemers overeenstemming over een aantal onderwerpen. Dit waren de makkelijke onderwerpen, want hierover was al consensus vóór de WRC-19. Ontelbare uren werk binnen de sector Radiocommunicatie van de ITU en zes regionale telecommunicatie organisaties (RTO) hebben dit […]

Het bericht Belangrijke resultaten in eerste week WRC-19 verscheen eerst op VERON.


          

Certified Ethical Hacker - CEH V10 - Hippo Cyber Institute , Dubai

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Certified Ethical Hacker V10
A Certified Ethical Hacker is a skilled professional who understands and knows how to look for weaknesses and vulnerabilities in target systems and uses the same knowledge and tools as a malicious hacker, but in a lawful and legitimate manner to assess the security posture of a target system(s). The CEH credential certifies individuals in the specific network security discipline of Ethical Hacking from a vendor-neutral perspective.

Hippo Cyber Institute Premium CEH V10 Training program 
  • Officially EC-Council Accredited training Centre
  • Certified EC-Council Trainer with 8+ year of industrial training experience in more than 8 countries and delivered training to people from America, Canada, Brazil, UK, Netherlands, Belgium, Angola, Nigeria, Ghana, South Africa, Cameroon, Egypt, Syria, Australia, Hongkong, Mongolia, Philippines, Indian, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, Argentine, Qatar, Tanzania, Lesotho, Seychelles, Afghanistan, Burundi, Sweden, Pakistan, Russia
  • Official EC-Council courseware material includes Book, Tools, & Exam Voucher
  • Official EC-Council Test Centre
  • Intense hands on training and demonstration
  • One free repeat training if not you are not ready for the exam
  • Exam tips, practice questions, and in-depth explanations
  • Post-training support
  • Exam Registration support
  • Exam cost of all the training are included
  • Refreshments
About the Program

Our security experts have designed over 140 labs which mimic real time scenarios in the course to help you “live” through an attack as if it were real and provide you with access to over 2200 commonly used hacking tools to immerse you into the hacker world.
As “a picture tells a thousand words”, our developers have all this and more for you in over 1685 graphically rich, specially designed slides to help you grasp complex security concepts in depth which will be presented to you in a 5 day hands on class by our Certified EC-Council Instructor.
The goal of this course is to help you master an ethical hacking methodology that can be used in a penetration testing or ethical hacking situation. You walk out the door with ethical hacking skills that are highly in demand, as well as the internationally recognized Certified Ethical Hacker certification! This course prepares you for EC-Council Certified Ethical Hacker exam 312-50.

The Purpose of the CEH credential is to:
  • Establish and govern minimum standards for credentialing professional information security specialists in ethical hacking measures.
  • Inform the public that credentialed individuals meet or exceed the minimum standards.
  • Reinforce ethical hacking as a unique and self-regulating profession.
What is New in CEH Version 10 Course
  • Module 01: Introduction to Ethical Hacking
  • Module 02: Footprinting and Reconnaissance
  • Module 03: Scanning Networks
  • Module 04: Enumeration
  • Module 05: Vulnerability Analysis
  • Module 06: System Hacking
  • Module 07: Malware Threats
  • Module 08: Sniffing
  • Module 09: Social Engineering
  • Module 10: Denial-of-Service
  • Module 11: Session Hijacking
  • Module 12: Evading IDS, Firewalls, and Honeypots
  • Module 13: Hacking Web Servers
  • Module 14: Hacking Web Applications
  • Module 15: SQL Injection
  • Module 16: Hacking Wireless Networks
  • Module 17: Hacking Mobile Platforms
  • Module 18: IoT Hacking
  • Module 19: Cloud Computing
  • Module 20: Cryptography
About the Exam
  • Number of Questions: 125
  • Test Duration: 4 Hours
  • Test Format: Multiple Choice
  • Test Delivery: ECC EXAM, VUE
  • Exam Prefix: 312-50 (ECC EXAM), 312-50 (VUE)

Cost: 5000 AED

Duration: 40 Hours


          

Come and join us tomorrow! I'll be speaking on contentious politics in post-coup #Egypt at @unipotsdam The lecture is part of the Centre for Citizenship's annual lecture series, which this year focuses on social #movements and #protest in the #MENA https://www.uni-potsdam.de/en/centre-citizenship/events/citizenshiplectures.html …pic.twitter.com/0JqcEGMjL5

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Come and join us tomorrow! I'll be speaking on contentious politics in post-coup at The lecture is part of the Centre for Citizenship's annual lecture series, which this year focuses on social and in the https://www.uni-potsdam.de/en/centre-citizenship/events/citizenshiplectures.html …


          

Orono Downsizing Online Auction - Mill Street

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WHAT IS IN THIS AUCTION? This online auction features Papyrus From Egypt, Antique Corner Chair, Solid Wood Hall Table, Cookie Crock, Collectors Kelloggs Metal Car, Painted Wood Mirror and much more! HOW TO ACCESS THE AUCTION? Simply click here: https://maxsold.maxsold.com/auction... TO BID PLEASE REGISTER: Copy and paste this link to your browser https://maxsold.maxsold.com/register WHEN DOES THE AUCTION CLOSE? Everything will SELL BY Thursday November 07, 2019 8:15 PM regardless of price... $1
          

Fellah Souvenir D Egypte Edmond

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Fellah Souvenir D Egypte Edmond
          

Barrage sur le Nil: trois pays se donnent jusqu’à début 2020 pour trouver un accord

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Les ministres des Affaires étrangères de l’Egypte, du Soudan et de l’Ethiopie, réunis mercredi à Washington, se sont donné jusqu’à janvier 2020 pour trouver un accord sur un projet d’immense barrage sur le Nil Bleu qui suscite des tensions entre leurs pays. Les émissaires ont été reçus par le président américain Donald Trump, qui a …

L’article Barrage sur le Nil: trois pays se donnent jusqu’à début 2020 pour trouver un accord est apparu en premier sur Le Monde de l'Energie.


          

Egypte 2018 Petit Fute

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Egypte 2018 Petit Fute
          

Egypt Factfinding For Middle High School Students Ancient Egypt Factfinding For Middle High School Students By Rhonda Geissinger 20150801

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Egypt Factfinding For Middle High School Students Ancient Egypt Factfinding For Middle High School Students By Rhonda Geissinger 20150801
          

Mythologique Universel Ou Biographie Mythique Des Dieux Et Personnages Fabuleux De La Grece De Litalie De Legypte De Linde De La Chine Du Japon De La Scandinavie De La Polynesie

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Mythologique Universel Ou Biographie Mythique Des Dieux Et Personnages Fabuleux De La Grece De Litalie De Legypte De Linde De La Chine Du Japon De La Scandinavie De La Polynesie
          

Water crisis builds in Egypt as dam talks falter, temperatures rise

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Talk of physical conflict between the countries along the Nile has receded, but Egypt sees the dam as an existential threat that could decimate farming and damage power supplies
          

Egypt 78 Grey Long Sleeve T-Shirt

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Grateful Dead Egypt 78 Grey Long Sleeve T-Shirt Tee

Officially Licensed Grateful Dead Graphic T-Shirt, Tee, Tie-Dye, designed, dyed and printed in the USA by Liquid Blue.

Price: $26.95


          

Magawish Village Resort Hurghada Egypt

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Magawish Village Resort Hurghada Egypt
          

The Cleopatra Luxury Resort Hurghada Egypt

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The Cleopatra Luxury Resort Hurghada Egypt
          

GRAND MAITRE MARABOUT DU MONDE

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GRAND MAITRE MARABOUT DU MONDE

Dah Alao

VOUS ÊTES ARRIVEE A BON PORT CHEZ LE MEDIUM AFRICAIN LOKOSSI

Avec un des plus grands marabout voyant guérisseur, d'Afrique et du Bénin, son savoir est au dessus de vos espérences, alors faites le pas vers votre resultat souhaité depuis des lustres

Peu importe votre question, vos doutes, la complexité de votre situation, vous pouvez compter sur son honnêteté, son professionnalisme, sa discretion et ses competences. MEDIUM LOKOSSI est l'homme fort, de votre situation, il peut mettre tout en oeuvre pour vous aider à vous en sortir. Votre sourir sera votre dernière emotion apres votre travail terminé.

Marabout LOKOSSI ,est reconnu parmis les grands maitres marabouts du monde et doté d'une voyance sérieuse et gratuite. Voyance pure, Astrologie,Numérologie,Analyse des rêves,Spécialisé dans le retour d'amour voyance d'amour sérieuse et des rituels de magie rouge, travaux occultes retour rapide et définitif de l'être aimé(e), fidélité conjugale, chance, travail, examens, réussite professionnelle,attirance clientèle dans le commerce, faillite commerciale héritage,désenvoûtement,protection totale contre les dangers,défaillance sexuelle,guérit les maladies inconnues,resout les problèmes familiaux.. Vous avez des doutes,vous ne souhaitez plus rester célibataire, le plus puissant maitre LOKOSSI vous apportera le coup de pouce qu'il faut,pour mettre l'amour sur votre chemin de vie sentimental.Discrétion garantie.

UN MAÎTRE DE L'OCCULTE DES SENTIMENTS
Vous souffrez d'une trahison amoureuse,d'une tromperie ou d'un abandon conjugal.Contactez maitre marabout LOKOSSI qui a le pouvoir d'attacher définitivement le conjoint ou la conjointe
volage à votre personne dans l'amour et dans une indestructible union.Le retour de l'être aimé et l'éloignement de la rivale vous sont garantis avec la puissance de ses rituels ! Protection de la famille et des biens contre les envoûtements et les ensorcellements,contre les effets des jalousies et les mauvais sorts des ennemis que le Hadj retournera contre eux ! Travaux occultes pour l'emploi et le commerce,
pour les affaires et pour tous les business.

temoignage de Pierre SAMPER sur le retour affectif du maitre LOKOSSI


DEROULEMENT RITD'AMOUR OU DU RETOUR D'AFFECTION

UEL D’ENVOÛTEMENT Nous consultons les Dieux a partir des noms et des prenoms et les dates de naissances des deux partenaires pour un Envoûtement d'amour,retour d'affection ou empêchement d'un DIVORCE encours,retrouver l'amour de votre vie,retour d'affection,renforcement de retour affectif et sexuel, de l'union astrale, Retour rapide de l'être aimé, Reconquérir son ex, Magie amour,Rupture amoureuse. Nous recevons les possibilités pour obtenir un retour d’affection profitable. En cas d’un oui, des rituels sont faits pour ramener les esprits des deux partenaires à renouer avec l’affection et l'L'amour entre les deux partenaires sera électrique et fort comme du courant -Personne d'autre ne réussira à les éloigner l'un de l'autre - Vous bénéficierez de toutes les largesses et d'une attention particulière de la part de votre amour - Vous tiendrez captif votre amour qui sera esclave de votre charme à durée indéterminée -Vous profiterez des biens de votre amour pour construire votre avenir en réalisant de grands projets industriels et sociaux dans votre pays. En cas d’un non,nous savons certainement que les Dieux n’ont pas donné leurs bénédictions à ce couple pour vivre ensemble.


GRAND MAITRE MARABOUT DU MONDE

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VOUS ÊTES ARRIVEE A BON PORT CHEZ LE MEDIUM AFRICAIN LOKOSSI

Avec un des plus grands marabout voyant guérisseur, d'Afrique et du Bénin, son savoir est au dessus de vos espérences, alors faites le pas vers votre resultat souhaité depuis des lustres

Peu importe votre question, vos doutes, la complexité de votre situation, vous pouvez compter sur son honnêteté, son professionnalisme, sa discretion et ses competences. MEDIUM LOKOSSI est l'homme fort, de votre situation, il peut mettre tout en oeuvre pour vous aider à vous en sortir. Votre sourir sera votre dernière emotion apres votre travail terminé.

Marabout LOKOSSI ,est reconnu parmis les grands maitres marabouts du monde et doté d'une voyance sérieuse et gratuite. Voyance pure, Astrologie,Numérologie,Analyse des rêves,Spécialisé dans le retour d'amour voyance d'amour sérieuse et des rituels de magie rouge, travaux occultes retour rapide et définitif de l'être aimé(e), fidélité conjugale, chance, travail, examens, réussite professionnelle,attirance clientèle dans le commerce, faillite commerciale héritage,désenvoûtement,protection totale contre les dangers,défaillance sexuelle,guérit les maladies inconnues,resout les problèmes familiaux.. Vous avez des doutes,vous ne souhaitez plus rester célibataire, le plus puissant maitre LOKOSSI vous apportera le coup de pouce qu'il faut,pour mettre l'amour sur votre chemin de vie sentimental.Discrétion garantie.

UN MAÎTRE DE L'OCCULTE DES SENTIMENTS
Vous souffrez d'une trahison amoureuse,d'une tromperie ou d'un abandon conjugal.Contactez maitre marabout LOKOSSI qui a le pouvoir d'attacher définitivement le conjoint ou la conjointe
volage à votre personne dans l'amour et dans une indestructible union.Le retour de l'être aimé et l'éloignement de la rivale vous sont garantis avec la puissance de ses rituels ! Protection de la famille et des biens contre les envoûtements et les ensorcellements,contre les effets des jalousies et les mauvais sorts des ennemis que le Hadj retournera contre eux ! Travaux occultes pour l'emploi et le commerce,
pour les affaires et pour tous les business.

temoignage de Pierre SAMPER sur le retour affectif du maitre LOKOSSI


DEROULEMENT RITUEL D’ENVOÛTEMENT D'AMOUR OU DU RETOUR D'AFFECTION

Nous consultons les Dieux a partir des noms et des prenoms et les dates de naissances des deux partenaires pour un Envoûtement d'amour,retour d'affection ou empêchement d'un DIVORCE encours,retrouver l'amour de votre vie,retour d'affection,renforcement de retour affectif et sexuel, de l'union astrale, Retour rapide de l'être aimé, Reconquérir son ex, Magie amour,Rupture amoureuse. Nous recevons les possibilités pour obtenir un retour d’affection profitable. En cas d’un oui, des rituels sont faits pour ramener les esprits des deux partenaires à renouer avec l’affection et l'L'amour entre les deux partenaires sera électrique et fort comme du courant -Personne d'autre ne réussira à les éloigner l'un de l'autre - Vous bénéficierez de toutes les largesses et d'une attention particulière de la part de votre amour - Vous tiendrez captif votre amour qui sera esclave de votre charme à durée indéterminée -Vous profiterez des biens de votre amour pour construire votre avenir en réalisant de grands projets industriels et sociaux dans votre pays. En cas d’un non,nous savons certainement que les Dieux n’ont pas donné leurs bénédictions à ce couple pour vivre ensemble.

LOKOSSI est un Grand Marabout, réputé surnormé le maître de l’amour, même si l'être aimé vous a abandonné, il le fera revenir vers vous sans délais pour un amour fort comme le premier jour, et une fidélité sans failles. Si vous convoitez un homme ou une femme qui ne vous porte pas grand intérêt, LOKOSSI le maitre de l’amour, créera par sa magie les liens nécessaires pour vous rendre attirant et désirable aux yeux de celui ou celle que vous aimez, avec une rapidité, vous en serez que satisfait. Si votre femme ou mari se trouve prisonnier d’une aventure qui met en danger votre foyer, LOKOSSIPuissant Marabout ne laissera pas votre couple partir en dérive, il écartera définitivement ce vautour de votre vie pour que vous retrouviez la paie et la sérénité que vous souhaitez avoir pour votre couple

C'est après 17 ans d'années de recherche dans le monde entier plus précisement en INDE, EGYPTE, HAITI et le BRESIL principalement dans le domaine sentmentale ,ce dernier est donc surnormé le MAITRE DE L'AMOUR . Monsieur LOKOSSI met a votre disposition ses multiples rituels d'amour, paroles magique d'amour, pentacles d'amour et autres.


CONTACTS
Email: maitrelokossi16@gmail.com
Télephone: +229 68 29 88 43

 est un Grand Marabout, réputé surnormé le maître de l’amour, même si l'être aimé vous a abandonné, il le fera revenir vers vous sans délais pour un amour fort comme le premier jour, et une fidélité sans failles. Si vous convoitez un homme ou une femme qui ne vous porte pas grand intérêt, LOKOSSI le maitre de l’amour, créera par sa magie les liens nécessaires pour vous rendre attirant et désirable aux yeux de celui ou celle que vous aimez, avec une rapidité, vous en serez que satisfait. Si votre femme ou mari se trouve prisonnier d’une aventure qui met en danger votre foyer, LOKOSSIPuissant Marabout ne laissera pas votre couple partir en dérive, il écartera définitivement ce vautour de votre vie pour que vous retrouviez la paie et la sérénité que vous souhaitez avoir pour votre couple

C'est après 17 ans d'années de recherche dans le monde entier plus précisement en INDE, EGYPTE, HAITI et le BRESIL principalement dans le domaine sentmentale ,ce dernier est donc surnormé le MAITRE DE L'AMOUR . Monsieur LOKOSSI met a votre disposition ses multiples rituels d'amour, paroles magique d'amour, pentacles d'amour et autres.


CONTACTS
Email: maitrelokossi16@gmail.com
Télephone: +229 68 29 88 43


          

Denied Justice: The Legal Plight of Egypt’s Christians

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Last week the Egyptian court system denied justice to Egypt’s Coptic Orthodox Christian minority by again postponing judgment on two notorious cases that have been at court for years. The first concerns Soa‘d Thabet, a 70-year-old Coptic grandmother. On May 20, 2016, a mob of some 300 Muslim men descended on her home, stripped her completely naked, beat, spit on, and paraded her in the streets of al-Karm village (in Minya governorate) to jeers, whistles, and triumphant shouts of “Allahu Akbar.” Earlier that day she and her husband had gone to local police and complained that they were being harassed...
          

Pionniers-photographes

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40376

 

 

 

Pionniers du voyage et de la photographie

Paris-Le Caire-Pékin... Photographes patentés et anonymes ont exploré l'Orient du plus proche au plus lointain, objectif au poing, imprimant à jamais les images d'hier. Une fascination que les enchères poursuivent !

https://www.gazette-drouot.com

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[PIONNIERS-PHOTOGRAPHES]
La Gazette Drouot consacre un article à ces photographes qui ont jadis exploré l’Orient, objectif au poing. Cette exploration se généralise après l’expédition de Bonaparte en Egypte, peu avant que ne se développe la photographie. Plus tard, les temps de voyage se raccourcissant, la ruée se dirige vers l’Extrême-Orient. Mais il y a seulement 150 ans que les français ont redécouvert le site d'Angkor ! A la même époque, Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux concevait sa "fontaine des Quatre-Parties-du-Monde", qui allait prendre place à Paris dans le Jardin -bien nommé- des Grands Explorateurs. Aurait-il imaginé que, 30 ans plus tard, c'est son fils qui devait succomber à l'appel de l'exploration archéologique en Indochine ?

(c) photo : wikipedia - Joe deSousa — Fontaine de l'Observatoire Uploaded by Paris 17

 

Vincent HADOT

 

Partagé d'après Musée des Beaux-Arts de Valenciennes

 

 

 


          

11/7/2019: REPORT ON BUSINESS: Women’s squash champ hopes winning bigger purse than male peer marks new era

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Nour El Sherbini was six years old when she first followed her brother onto a squash court in Alexandria, Egypt, and she was competing in tournaments at the age of 8. Although neither of her parents play the sport, and despite suffering repeated...
          

Teresópolis terá conscientização sobre combate ao mosquito Aedes aegypti

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Teresópolis terá conscientização sobre combate ao mosquito Aedes aegypti Ação será sábado, dia 9, na Calçada da Fama, na Várzea Teresópolis,
          

My community college history teacher thinks that the Hebrews were slaves in Egypt

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TranslogMed Conference

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The post TranslogMed Conference appeared first on Union for the Mediterranean - UfM.

 4 December 2019, Casablanca. The TranslogMed Conference is taking pace in Casablanca, in Morocco, on 4 December 2019.  TransLogMED project was launched at the first Mediterranean Conference on Maritime Transport and Logistics, held on 8-9 May 2018. in Ismailia (Egypt).
Read more

The post TranslogMed Conference appeared first on Union for the Mediterranean - UfM.


          

Egypt- Automotive market anticipates impacts of eliminating customs on Turkish-origin cars

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(MENAFN - Daily News Egypt) The car market is anticipating the impacts of eliminating customs on Turkish-origin cars, as part of the Free Trade Agreement between Egypt and Turkey.M...
          

Olympic Eagles play 0-0 draw with Cameroon in a Pre – Afcon U23 test game

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Nigeria’s Olympic Eagles played out a barren draw 0-0 in a Pre- Afcon U23 preparatory game at the Mecure Hotel football in Ismailia, Egypt on Tuesday evening.  The game was meant to keep the Olympic Eagles in shape ahead of the first group B game on Saturday against Cote D’Ivoire in the forthcoming Afcon U23 […]

The post Olympic Eagles play 0-0 draw with Cameroon in a Pre – Afcon U23 test game appeared first on Nigeria Football Federation's (thenff) Official Website.


          

The Case of the Haunted Necklace

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The Scotsman, May 15, 1920, via British Newspaper Archive


This week's post is a cautionary tale: if you wish to give someone jewelry, turn to a local store or your favorite home shopping channel. Do not nick the item from an ancient tomb.

Odds are good the recipient will not thank you.

In December 1913, a lady in Edinburgh (whose name was never given in the published reports) was gifted with a necklace from an old friend who was in Cairo. This friend explained that it had come from an ancient tomb in her vicinity. It was a simple piece of work, consisting of a string of glass beads. The Edinburgh woman did not think much of the bauble, so she put the necklace away and soon forgot about it.

In the spring of 1920, the woman was browsing through her jewelry boxes when she came across the Egyptian relic. Deciding that it was of no intrinsic value, she put it in the wastebasket in her bedroom.

She was soon to learn what happens to people who treat vintage Egyptian bling with scorn. That evening, as she reached for some slippers that lay beside the wastebasket, she suddenly got the oddest sensation. It was exactly as if some invisible hand was clutching her wrist. Then she began hearing peculiar sounds: whirrings and rustlings, all seeming to emanate from the wastebasket. Mice? She searched the basket. No, no mice. Just that necklace.

The jewelry was beginning to spook her. The woman picked up the necklace and threw it in the hall outside her door.

The following day, she had lunch with her brother, described in the public prints as a doctor, a member of the Royal Scottish Academy, and a person of "unimpeachable solidity of character and status." She told him of her odd experiences of the past night. In the bright light of day, she was able to pass it all off as a fine joke. However, the doctor had his curiosity piqued. Without telling anyone, he brought the necklace to his own bedroom, and put it under his pillow.

During that night, his rest was interrupted by loud tappings on the wall, and other unidentifiable sounds. He found out later that the people in the next flat were wondering why the good doctor chose the middle of the night to nail pictures on his wall. At one point, he felt a movement as if a hand had made a sudden grasp at the beads lying under his head. From time to time, the necklace seemed to be moving under the pillow. The next night, he was rudely awakened when his bed began shaking. For the next five nights, he continued to experience similar disturbances. Just to see what, if anything, would happen, the doctor gave the necklace to a friend. This friend, after getting the same dose of ghostly medicine, passed the jewelry on to someone else. Who quickly chose to give it to yet another person. All these people reported the same experiences noted by the doctor and his sister. In addition, several of them suddenly awakened in the night suffering from palpitations, cold sweat, and a strong feeling of unidentifiable terror. One investigator placed the necklace in the bedroom of a friend, without informing this person it was there. The friend woke up feeling the same palpitations and sense of fear.

Word of this haunted necklace reached the ears of J.W. Herries, a reporter for "The Scotsman." He managed to persuade the doctor--who feared the public would think he had lost his marbles--to give him an account of the strange happenings. Herries published a series of articles about the necklace--with, as he had promised, all the names of people involved discreetly veiled--and this unprepossessing string of beads became one of the most talked-about objects in Scotland.

Herries obtained permission to do a little experimenting of his own with the necklace. He took it to the Royal Scottish Museum, where experts told him it was made of blue ware beads--now gone green with age--and was about 3,000 years old. They said it was a common enough object of the time, with nothing visibly distinctive about it. Herries noted that the object had a "curious snaky, almost live, feeling when held in the hand."

Herries took it home, without telling anyone in the household he had the now-notorious necklace in his possession. When everyone else had gone to bed, he brought the necklace to the dining room and put it on the mantelpiece. Then he settled down with a book. After about fifteen minutes, he suddenly noticed a "curious rustling sound" in the sideboard. When he approached the sideboard, the noises ceased. Then, a knocking sound came from the other end of the sideboard. This was followed by what seemed to be the sound of someone moving around in the hallway. He quickly opened the door and turned on the hall light, but no one was there, and everything was now completely silent.

Herries was shocked to realize that there might actually be something to this spook business. Sure, he had heard similar stories from people whose veracity he completely trusted, but to have such things happen to you personally was something else altogether.

He went back to his book and did his best to forget about the necklace's presence. It was not long before the sideboard began making noises again. This time, it was a series of taps along its side. Then he heard a loud "ping" on a tray standing on the sideboard.

Herries decided he needed a witness. He put the necklace in his pocket, and went to the bedroom he shared with his wife, who was still awake. Without telling her, he managed to place the necklace on her dressing-table, where she could not see it. Instantly, the electric light began to dim, and then slowly return to its usual brilliance. It did this over and over.

"What on earth is wrong with the light?" Mrs. Herries asked. Herries mumbled something about faulty circuits. The light kept waxing and waning until they finally turned it off. The night was disturbed by the usual tappings and rustlings, all coming from the dressing-table.

The next morning, he finally admitted to the household that they were under the same roof with an apparently haunted necklace. By this time, Herries had developed a healthy aversion to the thing, and would have happily brought it back to its owner, but his family was thrilled by the news, and insisted on keeping it for awhile.

The Herries household had the necklace for a week. During that time, nothing of particular significance happened, although they did periodically hear curious and inexplicable noises. The necklace continued to be passed around to various amateur investigators. One was an architect named James Dunn. Dunn was a light-hearted fellow who took possession of the necklace simply as a lark. He found the whole story very funny.

After his first night with the necklace, Dunn stopped laughing. For whatever reason--possibly the necklace wanted to teach this joker that it was not to be mocked--Dunn had the most striking experiences of anyone who dealt with the object. No sooner had he fallen asleep, that he was startled awake by a huge bang on the middle of the room, exactly as if a very heavy object had been dropped. When he turned on the light, he saw nothing there. This was followed by loud taps on the wall, and "an extraordinary trundling and clashing sound." It sounded as if heavy stone balls were being rolled back and forth across the floor. Dunn's dog fled the room in terror, and could not be persuaded to return.

As is generally known, Arthur Conan Doyle had a strong (and at times overly trusting) belief in the occult. When he heard about the necklace, he was naturally intrigued. He told Herries that some believe that the ancient Egyptians had the power to create "spirit entities" to guard their tombs. He suggested that the necklace came from a burial place that had been under the protection of one of these spirits, who was naturally annoyed by the necklace being removed from its tomb. Herries found this "a most fantastic theory," but he admitted he had no better explanation.

As for the necklace itself, its owner grew to hate the very sight of the thing. She gave it to her brother, making him promise to never bring it under their roof again. One day, the doctor was traveling to Loch Leven. He happened to have the necklace in his pocket, and was wondering what in the world to do with it. Then he had a thought: why not just throw the damned thing in the loch and be done with it.

So that is what he did. And it still is there today.

There was one sequel to our little tale. Soon after the doctor dumped the necklace, a young Edinburgh woman believed she had developed the facility of "automatic writing." Her parents, hard-headed Scots skeptics, were alarmed by this, and brought in the family doctor to have a discreet look at her. Without telling the girl that everyone present feared she was barmy, they asked her to show the doctor her new talent. The girl chatted with the doctor and her mother, while her right hand began writing sentences on paper, seemingly without her noticing. When the trio examined what she had written, it initially looked like gibberish. There were clear letters joined in groups, but there were no intelligible words. Then, the mother had the bright idea to try reading the letters backwards, which, much to their astonishment, formed a clear message. It was about the Egyptian necklace. It stated that the object had been dropped into the water, which pleased whoever was communicating with them.

So the necklace is now resting in peace. If anyone fishing in Loch Leven should happen to accidentally bring up a humble string of glass beads, they would be well advised to throw it back.
          

Egypt Forces Say Kill 83 Militants in Sinai

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Zionist Regime-Egypt Gas Pipeline Deal Seen Imminent

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Probus Club of Evesham - what's in a name?

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On 31st October Denis Harvey asked “What’s in a name?” His talk was about the origin of surnames. The earliest known names date from the oldest known records of language, firstly hieroglyphics then the inscriptions of ancient Egypt and China. In England, the Anglo-Saxons had a sophisticated system of administration and record -keeping which made the Normans’ Domesday Book much easier to compile. It, of course, recorded the names of the people who owned land and their assets which became the basis of taxation. Surnames were based on appearance, habits, occupations, place names and where people lived. Later, given names were taken from the Bible which was the commonest book available. Denis gave various examples of occupational names such as Turner, Wheeler and Wright. Nicknames were common such as Crookshanks, Armstrong, also Brown from the colour of hair. Some were vulgar such as Gotobed or Bullock. Some were seasonal, based on when a person was born, such as Summer or Winter. When the Normans distributed land after the Conquest they often took the Saxon name of the village and added the new owner’s name to it, a local example being Aston Somerville, after William de Somerville. Denis then ran through a list of members and gave likely derivations of their surnames which inevitably gave rise to some hilarity. Finally, Denis thanked the Club for his fee which he said would be paid to the James Hopkins Trust in Gloucester which provides respite care for severely disabled children. We meet at 10:00 every Thursday at The Boathouse, Evesham Rowing Club. Our speaker on 7th November is Barbara Hopper who will be “Pondering Poetically” and on 14th November we will be having our Annual Lunch at the Three Ways House Hotel, Mickleton. Full details can be found on our website www.eveshamprobus.co.uk Alan Smith
          

Latest World News, World News, Current Affairs, Daily Current Affairs

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Latest World News, World News, Current Affairs, Daily Current Affairs


Tweets For Today

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 10:32 PM PST











Picture Of The Day

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 10:24 PM PST

A B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber, assigned to the 509th Bomb Wing, Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri, sits on the flight line, Oct 24, 2019. Consistent training and exercising validates the B-2Õs ability to respond to challenges all over the globe. (Sr. Airman Thomas Barley/Air Force)

WNU Editor: The above picture is from this photo-gallery .... Best photos of the week: Nov. 4, 2019 (Defense News).

Majority Of U.S. Voters Say President Trump Will Be Re-Elected In 2020 Despite Impeachment Process

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 10:16 PM PST

U.S. President Donald Trump sits for an exclusive interview with Reuters journalists in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, U.S. December 11, 2018. REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst

Daily Mail: Comfortable majority of voters say Trump WILL be re-elected in 2020 despite impeachment process – including one-third of Democrats

* A new poll found that 56 percent of registered voters believe President Trump will win again in 2020
* That includes 85 percent of Republicans, 51 percent of independents and 35 percent of Democrats, according to the Politico/Morning Consult survey
* Pollsters found that voters believed that Trump's voters were twice as likely than Hillary Clinton's to be 'very motivated' to go vote
* Another poll found that the percentage of voters who believe Trump should win re-election hasn't significantly changed since the impeachment inquiry opened

A majority of registered voters believe President Trump will win again in 2020.

A new Politico/Morning Consult poll found that 56 percent of all voters said Trump will be re-elected next year. The president obviously has an edge with Republicans, with 85 percent saying a Trump 2.0 is happening.

But a majority of independents - 51 percent - agreed. Even a third of Democrats, 35 percent, said they believed there would be four more years of President Trump.

Read more ....

WNU Editor: He will be difficult to defeat. President Trump has the advantage of the incumbency and the bully-pulpit. The economy is also doing well, and his base overwhelmingly supports him. The Democrat candidates for President are also not inspiring, and I have trouble seeing them being able to attract independent voters. But the election is still far away. A lot can happen in 12 months.

Should CIA Director Gina Haspel Protect The Ukraine Whistleblower From President Trump?

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 10:10 PM PST

CIA Director Gina Haspel is sworn by U.S. Vice President Mike Pence as President Donald Trump looks on and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo holds the bible during ceremonies at the headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency in Langley, Virginia, U.S. May 21, 2018. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque © Reuters

NBC: Intel officials want CIA Director Gina Haspel to protect Ukraine whistleblower from Trump

As Trump allies denounce the whistleblower, pressure is building on CIA Director Gina Haspel to take a stand, say current and ex intelligence officials.

WASHINGTON — As President Donald Trump and his allies continue to denounce the CIA whistleblower whose complaint led to an impeachment investigation, pressure is building on the spy agency's director, Gina Haspel, to take a stand on the matter, current and former intelligence officials tell NBC News.

"It will be incumbent on her to protect the whistleblower — and by extension, the organization — moving forward," Marc Polymeropoulos, a recently retired CIA officer who oversaw operations in Europe and Russia, said in an interview. "This is a seminal moment for her leadership, and I'm confident she will do the right thing."

So far, Haspel has been publicly silent as Trump has railed about the whistleblower, a CIA analyst, on Twitter. So has the director of national intelligence, Joseph Maguire.

Read more ....

WNU Editor: There is a problem with this "CIA analyst". He was removed from the White House for lying and leaking. He is implicated in filing a complaint against President Trump and Ukraine that has led to this impeachment inquiry, even though his complaint is at odds with the transcript that was released. He is a well known Democrat activist who is closely affiliated with former Obama intelligence officials whose opposition to President Trump is well known. Bottom line. This is a person who has used his CIA position to pursue a political agenda against the President and his policies. In this context, this is someone that I am sure CIA Director Gina Haspel does not want to step in and defend.

Democrats' 'Star Impeachment Witness' Admits He Was Not On The Trump-Ukraine Call, And That His Sole Source Of Information Was From The NY Times

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 09:17 PM PST


Zero Hedge: Democrats' 'Star Witness' Admits He Wasn't On Trump-Ukraine Call, Sole Source Was NY Times

House Democrats have released the latest in the series of heavily-redacted transcripts of the secret hearings they had undertaken in recent weeks - that of Bill Taylor - the top US diplomat in Ukraine - ahead of his public testimony next week.

As The Hill notes, Taylor is viewed as a key witness who previously testified in meticulous detail about what he considered an effort by Trump and his allies to pressure Ukraine into opening investigations that would benefit Trump politically.

In leaked copies of his 15-page opening statement, Taylor voiced concerns that the Trump administration had withheld nearly $400 million in aid as leverage to get Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to open investigations into interference in the 2016 election and former Vice President Joe Biden, one of his leading 2020 political rivals.

Read more ....

WNU Editor: When you listen to the main stream media they are saying that Ambassador Bill Taylor is a critical witness to President Trump's demand for a quid-pro-quo from the Ukraine government on military aid and an investigation on the Bidens .... Why William Taylor's testimony is central to the impeachment inquiry (PBS). But when you read his transcript .... READ: Testimony Of William Taylor, Acting U.S. Envoy To Ukraine (NPR), the story is very different where he admits that his source of information comes SOLELY from the New York Times?!?!?! You gotta be kidding me. His sole source of information that he is basing his testimony on is from the New York Times?!?!?! It is not surprising that the main stream media is ignoring this critical admission. Kudos to the above post from Zero Hedge and The Federalist .... Testimony Transcript Shows William Taylor Never Talked To Trump, Wasn't Even On July 25 Phone Call (The Federalist) for their summary and analysis on Bill Taylor's testimony. As for the Democrats hoping that he will be their "star witness" next week, my advice to them is that they find a better witness.

Saudi Arabia Recruited Twitter Workers To Spy On Critics Of Saudi Regime

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 08:47 PM PST



CNBC: Justice Department charges two former Twitter employees with spying for Saudi Arabia

* The Department of Justice on Wednesday charged two former Twitter employees for spying on users on behalf of Saudi Arabia.
* The charges allege that Ali Alzabarah and Ahmad Abouammo used their employee credentials to access information about specific Twitter users, including their email addresses, birth dates, phone numbers and internet protocol addresses.

The Department of Justice on Wednesday charged two former Twitter employees for spying on users on behalf of Saudi Arabia.

The charges allege that Ali Alzabarah and Ahmad Abouammo used their employee credentials to access information about specific Twitter users, including their email addresses, birth dates, phone numbers and internet protocol addresses. A third individual, Ahmed Almutairi, was also charged for acting as an intermediary between the Twitter employees and the Saudi government, the Justice Department said.

Read more ....

More News On Saudi Arabia Recruiting Twitter Workers To Spy On Critics Of Saudi Regime

US: Saudis recruited Twitter workers to spy on users -- AP
Two former Twitter employees accused of spying for Saudi Arabia -- Euronews/Reuters
Former Twitter employees charged with spying for Saudi Arabia -- The Hill
Saudis recruited Twitter workers to spy on critics of Saudi regime, U.S. charges -- NBC
Twitter employees recruited by Saudi Arabia to spy on kingdom's critics, US prosecutors say -- The Independent
Former Twitter employees charged with spying for Saudi Arabia by digging into the accounts of kingdom critics -- The Washington Post
Three charged in US with spying on Twitter users for Saudi Arabia -- Twitter

Commentaries, Analysis, And Editorials -- November 6, 2019

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 04:00 PM PST

Jesse Barajas searches for the remains of his brother José, who was was dragged from his ranch on 8 April 2019 and has not been seen since, last month near the town of Tecate. Photograph: Emilio Espejel/The Guardian

Tom Phillips, The Guardian: 'The disappeared': searching for 40,000 missing victims of Mexico's drug wars

José Barajas, who was snatched from his home, joins the ever-swelling ranks of thousands of desaparecidos, victims of the drug conflict that shows no sign of easing

As he set off into the wilderness under a punishing midday sun, Jesse Barajas clutched an orange-handled machete and the dream of finding his little brother, José.

"He's not alive, no. They don't leave people alive," the 62-year-old said as he slalomed through the parched scrubland of tumbleweed and cacti where they had played as kids. "Once they take someone they don't let you live."

Read more ....

Commentaries, Analysis, And Editorials -- November 6, 2019

Deadly ambush shows Mexico lost control of area -- Peter Orsi and Maria Verza, AP

The epic struggle behind Iraq's protests -- CSM Editorial

A Month of Anti-government Protests in Iraq -- Alan Taylor, The Atlantic

As US dithers over human rights, China opens its arms to Prabowo Subianto, the Indonesian defence minister with a chequered past - Amy Chew, SCMP

From Singapore to Sweden, China's overbearing campaign for influence is forcing countries to resist and recalibrate relations with Beijing -- Drew Thompson, SCMP

New Silk Road money is paving the Old Silk Roads -- Alexander Kruglov, Asia Times

Why India pulled out of the RCEP free trade deal -- Rahul Mishra, DW

Why is India's pollution much worse than China's? -- BBC

One year to go for Tanzania's President Magufuli and the reviews are mixed -- Cristina Krippahl, DW

Study: Russia's web-censoring tool sets pace for imitators -- Tami Abdollah, AP

UK election campaign: Who wants what on EU issues? -- Rob Mudge, DW

Explainer: Chile's constitutional conundrum - To change or not to change? -- Natalia A. Ramos Miranda, Reuters

Revisiting the End of the Cold War -- John Lewis Gaddis & Elmira Bayrasli, Project Syndicate

Why Are So Many Countries Witnessing Mass Protests? -- The Economist

World News Briefs -- November 6, 2019

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 03:36 PM PST

An Iranian flag flutters in front of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) headquarters in Vienna, Austria September 9, 2019. REUTERS/Leonhard Foeger/File Photo

Reuters: Iran fuels centrifuges, resumes uranium enrichment at Fordow

DUBAI (Reuters) - Iran resumed uranium enrichment at its underground Fordow nuclear facility, the country's Atomic Energy Organisation (AEOI) said on Thursday, further stepping away from its 2015 nuclear deal with major powers.

The agreement bans enrichment and nuclear material from Fordow. But with feedstock gas entering its centrifuges, the facility, built inside a mountain, will move from the permitted status of research plant to being an active nuclear site.

"After all successful preparations ... injection of uranium gas to centrifuges started on Thursday at Fordow ... all the process has been supervised by the inspectors of the U.N. nuclear watchdog," the AEOI said in a statement, Iranian media reported

Read more ....

MIDDLE EAST

Turkey's Erdogan speaks with Trump, to visit Washington next week.

Houthis fire missiles at Yemen's Mokha port, military coalition says.

Iraqi security forces break up protests in Battle of the Bridges.

Civilian deaths as Idlib hospital struck by Russian air raids.

Turkey says Kurdish fighters still remain in safe zone near Syrian border.

Iran begins process of fuelling centrifuges at Fordow.

Riyadh has 'open channel' with Yemen rebels: Saudi official. Riyadh in talks with Yemen rebels, Saudi official says.

Lebanon protesters seek to shut down key state institutions.

World Bank urges Lebanon to form govt, warns of recession.

Jordan police arrest man after stabbing attack at popular tourist site.

ASIA

China urges re-elected Canadian government to free Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou.

Over a dozen killed in attack in Thailand's Yala province. 15 defense volunteers killed in Thailand attack. 15 killed in suspected rebel attacks in Thailand's south.

Tajikistan: 17 killed in border outpost attack. ISIL blamed for deadly attack on Tajik border outpost.

Two suspected suicide bombers from Egypt killed in Philippines.

Hong Kong protesters don Guy Fawkes masks to mark month since mask ban. Water cannons deployed in Tsim Sha Tsui as Hong Kong protesters wearing 'V for Vendetta' masks test new 'flash mob' tactic of assembling at short notice.

Pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho stabbed in Hong Kong.

Facebook video shows PNG police kicking, hitting and stomping on group of men.

Cambodian opposition leader Sam Rainsy announces Saturday return.

South Korea promotes DMZ 'peace zone' with new video.

AFRICA

At least 37 killed in attack on Canadian miner Semafo convoy in Burkina Faso.

Water crisis builds in Egypt as dam talks falter, temperatures rise.

France says its troops killed a leading jihadist in the Sahel.

10 civilians killed in militia attack in eastern DRCongo.

Sudan rebels insist new parliament be formed only after peace deal.

UN calls for action as Somalia floods affect 200,0000 children.

US Nile talks 'not a negotiation', says Ethiopia.

Two killed in strike on Libya police station: ministry.

Libya migrant attack: UN investigators suspect foreign jet bombed centre.

Mozambique detains elite police chief over election observer's murder.

EUROPE

Mike Pompeo carries divisive US messages to Germany.

Sweden charges man with spying on Iranian exiles.

Johnson tries to shake off rocky start as UK election begins.

PM's election campaign launch marred by gaffe, resignation and doctored video.

Spain's far-right Vox surges in wake of Catalan independence protests.

Local German conservatives cause uproar with call for talks with far right.

Putin: New weapons will offer Russia reliable protection.

EU urges faster Greece vetting of migrants as arrivals soar.

Hungarian mayor resigns after yacht orgy video.

Netherlands: '4,000 schools shut' in teacher strike.

Italy to become first country to make studying climate change compulsory in schools.

AMERICAS

Exclusive: Brazil likely to vote with U.S. against Cuba at U.N. over embargo.

US Diplomat had 'clear understanding' of Ukraine quid pro quo.

McConnell says Senate would acquit Trump if trial held today.

Democrats win control of Virginia Legislature. Democrat declares upset victory in Kentucky governor race.

Heavily armed hitman of rival El Chapo cartel is arrested over Mormon massacre after a stand-off at the US border where he held two HOSTAGES as heartbreaking photos show devastated relatives visiting the scene of the massacre.

Mexico ambush: Boy, 13, walked 23km for help after gun attack.

United States sanctions 5 Venezuelan officials.

Chile: president promotes minimum wage hike to quell unrest.

Chile's Pinera resists call to resign over protests.

Chilean protest footage captures police officers on fire after molotov cocktail explosion.

Thousands of Bolivians march over disputed election.

TERRORISM/THE LONG WAR

Pakistan failed to stop terror groups from recruiting & raising funds, US report сlaims.

German man fighting for Kurds killed in Syria.

Turkey captured al-Baghdadi's wife and didn't make fuss like US – Erdogan.

ECONOMY/FINANCE/BUSINESS

Wall St. ends near flat; healthcare shares gain but trade deal delay weighs.

Europeans look to China as global partner, shun Trump's US.

Xi Jinping's Brazil trip 'may be too soon' for China to sign partial US trade war deal.

Macron in China: Xi hails $15 billion trade contracts as 'strong signal of free trade'.

Michael Jackson's iconic moonwalk socks are tipped to sell for over $1MILLION at auction... more than a decade on from his passing.

Israel Expects To Be Engaged In A Major War Very Soon

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 03:01 PM PST

Ali Hashisho / Reuters

Michael Oren, The Atlantic: The Coming Middle East Conflagration

Israel is bracing itself for war with Iranian proxies, as Tehran escalates its provocations. But what will the United States do if conflict comes?

The senior ministers of the Israeli government met twice last week to discuss the possibility of open war with Iran. They were mindful of the Iranian plan for a drone attack from Syria in August, aborted at the last minute by an Israeli air strike, as well as Iran's need to deflect attention from the mass protests against Hezbollah's rule in Lebanon. The ministers also reviewed the recent attack by Iranian drones and cruise missiles on two Saudi oil installations, reportedly concluding that a similar assault could be mounted against Israel from Iraq.

The Israel Defense Forces, meanwhile, announced the adoption of an emergency plan, code-named Momentum, to significantly expand Israel's missile defense capacity, its ability to gather intelligence on embedded enemy targets, and its soldiers' preparation for urban warfare. Israeli troops, especially in the north, have been placed on war footing. Israel is girding for the worst and acting on the assumption that fighting could break out at any time.

Read more ....

WNU Editor: The Syrian conflict, unrest in Iraq, and the Yemen war is where the focus in the Middle East is right now. Another Hezbollah - Israel and/or Hamas - Israel war is not on people's radar.

Media Upset That Trump's Son Tweets Name Of Alleged Whistleblower Even Though His Name Was Revealed Last Week

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 01:00 PM PST


AFP: Impeachment: Trump's son tweets name of alleged whistleblower

Washington (AFP) - President Donald Trump's son published on Wednesday the name of the alleged anonymous whistleblower whose complaint fired the impeachment inquiry against Trump, breaking strict conventions for protecting officials who reveal wrongdoing in government.

Amid calls by the president himself to expose the whistleblower, Donald Trump Jr. tweeted the name of a CIA analyst which has circulated online for weeks, and linked to a Breitbart news article implying the person was pro-Democrat and anti-Trump.

AFP could not independently verify the whistleblower's identity and is not publishing the name.

Read more ....

WNU Editor: This is actually old news. The identity of the "whistle-blower" was revealed last week .... The Identity Of The Anonymous 'Whistleblower' Who Triggered Impeachment Proceedings Against President Trump Is Suspected To Be A Well Known Democrat Activist (October 31, 2019). A picture of the "whistle-blower" is below.

Special Operations Air Force Member Goes Missing During Training Jump Over Gulf Of Mexico

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 12:40 PM PST

The airman was a part of the 24th Special Operations Wing at Hurlburt Field in in Okaloosa County, Florida. He disappeared four miles south of the field over the Gulf of Mexico

Daily Mail: Desperate search launched for airman who fell out of Special Operations military plane 1,500 feet over the Gulf of Mexico and was last seen treading water after deploying his parachute

* A search is underway for a staff sergeant in training who disappeared into the Gulf of Mexico Tuesday afternoon during a training exercise
* The unidentified Air Force airman was from the 24th Special Operations Wing at Hurlburt Field in Okaloosa County, Florida
* He exited a C-130 four engine aircraft around 1.45pm from a height of 1,500 feet
* He deployed his parachute and was last seen treading water in the Gulf, approximately four miles south of Hurlburt Field
* As the aircraft turned to retrieve the man, crewmen lost sight of him
* Several vessels, three Air Force aircraft were deployed in the search
* The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission and Coast Guard are also on the scene

A desperate search is underway for a missing airman who disappeared into the Gulf of Mexico after suffering a parachute-jump mishap while exiting a Special Operations military plane.

The unidentified Air Force airman from the 24th Special Operations Wing at Hurlburt Field was exiting a C-130 four-engine aircraft over the Gulf of Mexico during a training exercise around 1.45pm Tuesday when he suddenly vanished into the water below.

'The fall happened during a parachute-jump training exercise out of Hurlburt Field,' a report from the Air Force Times said.

The Coast Guard said the airman was a staff sergeant in training and fell out of the aircraft at 1,500 feet, according to WEAR.

Read more ....

More News On A Special Operations Air Force Member Going Missing During A Training Jump Over The Gulf Of Mexico

Special tactics airman missing in Gulf of Mexico; search underway -- Air Force Times
Airman who fell from plane above Gulf of Mexico still missing -- NBC
Mobile area Coast Guard continue search for airman who fell from plane into Gulf of Mexico -- Al.com
Air Force member goes missing during training jump over Gulf of Mexico -- CBS
Airman fell from C-130 military aircraft while training over the Gulf of Mexico -- Defence-Blog
Coast Guard, Air Force, local agencies searching for a airman in the water near Destin -- FOX 10

ISIS Launched A Failed Attack On A Tajikistan Border Outpost With Uzbekistan

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 11:00 AM PST


DW: Tajikistan: 17 killed in border outpost attack

Twenty masked gunmen launched a failed attack on a Tajik outpost on the border with Uzbekistan. The rare attack was quashed when border forces launched a counter operation and killed most of the raiders.

At least 17 people were killed in an overnight raid by armed men on an outpost on the border between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, Tajik authorities said on Wednesday.

"An armed group of 20 unknown masked individuals attacked a border outpost … using firearms," said Tajikistan's national security committee, according to Russian state-run news agency TASS.

Tajikistan's border forces said the assailants were members of the "Islamic State" (IS) militant group in Afghanistan.

At least five of the gunmen were detained and later provided critical intelligence during interrogations, authorities said.

Read more ....

WNU Editor: I agree with this analysis .... Reported Attack In Tajikistan Could Have Broad Implications For Central Asia (RFE).

More News On Today's ISIS Attack On A Tajikistan Border Outpost With Uzbekistan

Many dead in Tajikistan 'firefight with IS' -- BBC
Fifteen IS jihadists killed in Tajikistan border attack -- AFP
Tajikistan: 17 killed in attack on border checkpoint -- Eurasianet
ISIL blamed for deadly attack on Tajik border outpost -- Al Jazeera

World Leaders Warn Iran To Stick To Nuclear Deal

Posted: 06 Nov 2019 10:24 AM PST



ABC News Online: World leaders warn Iran to stick to nuclear deal, as it begins injecting uranium gas into centrifuges

World leaders have called on Iran to fulfil the terms of its 2015 nuclear deal, after it begins injecting uranium gas into centrifuges at its underground Fordow nuclear facility.

Iran has begun to further distance itself from a 2015 nuclear deal between Tehran and world powers that curbed its atomic work, local media reported on Wednesday (local time).

The deal bans nuclear material from Fordow and, with the injection of uranium gas into its centrifuges, the facility will move from its permitted status of research plant to become an active nuclear site.

Read more ....

WNU Editor: Aside from their rhetoric that everything is still OK .... Long way before JCPOA collapses, says Rouhani's chief of staff (MEHR News Agency), the Iranians are becoming more and more nervous .... Exclusive: Iran briefly held IAEA inspector, seized travel documents - diplomats (Reuters).

          

The Coptic Church to Produce Biographical TV Series About Pope Shenouda III

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The Monastery of Saint Pishoy in Wadi El Natrun has announced plans to produce a 34-episode historical TV series that will chronicle the life and times of the late Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria, local media reports. The series, entitled Pope of the Arabs, will star Egyptian actor Maged El Kedwany who was cast in […]
          

Live-in Nanny/Housekeeper Needed Between London and Egypt

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Live in Nanny/Housekeeper needed between London and Egypt
A friendly family of 3 is looking for a Nanny/Housekeeper to join their family. The family have a 2.5-year-old daughter and she goes to nursery every morning. Childcare duties will include nursery pick up, indoor activities such as musical games and arts and crafts, taking her to the park and other activities, babysitting and so forth.
The family live in a large 5-bedroom home and they employ two other housekeepers. While the little girl is at nursery, they would like some housekeeping to be done alongside the other two housekeepers.
Accommodation on offer is own bedroom. When mum travels they would prefer someone, who is happy to sleep in same room as two-year-old.
Mum travels to Egypt for work very regularly. Therefore, she is looking for someone who happy to travel with her. They’re looking for someone with a British or EU passport for ease of travel.
There are no pets in the home.
Start: December 2019
Days: Monday-Saturday
Hours: 7am-7pm 2 hour break (flexibility required, longer hours may be required)
Salary: £650-£700 net per week
Essential: British or EU passport
Ideal: French speaking

Location: London/Egypt
Salary: £650-£750 Net per Week
Hours: Full-time
Type: Permanent
Starting: Immediately
Duration: Ongoing


          

Building Intuitions On Non-Empirical Arguments In Science

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Published on November 7, 2019 6:50 AM UTC

I.

Aeon: Post-Empirical Science Is An Oxymoron And It is Dangerous:

There is no agreed criterion to distinguish science from pseudoscience, or just plain ordinary bullshit, opening the door to all manner of metaphysics masquerading as science. This is ‘post-empirical’ science, where truth no longer matters, and it is potentially very dangerous.

It’s not difficult to find recent examples. On 8 June 2019, the front cover of New Scientist magazine boldly declared that we’re ‘Inside the Mirrorverse’. Its editors bid us ‘Welcome to the parallel reality that’s hiding in plain sight’. […]

[Some physicists] claim that neutrons [are] flitting between parallel universes. They admit that the chances of proving this are ‘low’, or even ‘zero’, but it doesn’t really matter. When it comes to grabbing attention, inviting that all-important click, or purchase, speculative metaphysics wins hands down.

These theories are based on the notion that our Universe is not unique, that there exists a large number of other universes that somehow sit alongside or parallel to our own. For example, in the so-called Many-Worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, there are universes containing our parallel selves, identical to us but for their different experiences of quantum physics. These theories are attractive to some few theoretical physicists and philosophers, but there is absolutely no empirical evidence for them. And, as it seems we can’t ever experience these other universes, there will never be any evidence for them. As Broussard explained, these theories are sufficiently slippery to duck any kind of challenge that experimentalists might try to throw at them, and there’s always someone happy to keep the idea alive.

Is this really science? The answer depends on what you think society needs from science. In our post-truth age of casual lies, fake news and alternative facts, society is under extraordinary pressure from those pushing potentially dangerous antiscientific propaganda – ranging from climate-change denial to the anti-vaxxer movement to homeopathic medicines. I, for one, prefer a science that is rational and based on evidence, a science that is concerned with theories and empirical facts, a science that promotes the search for truth, no matter how transient or contingent. I prefer a science that does not readily admit theories so vague and slippery that empirical tests are either impossible or they mean absolutely nothing at all.

As always, a single quote doesn’t do the argument justice, so go read the article. But I think this captures the basic argument: multiverse theories are bad, because they’re untestable, and untestable science is pseudoscience.

Many great people, both philosophers of science and practicing scientists, have already discussed the problems with this point of view. But none of them lay out their argument in quite the way that makes the most sense to me. I want to do that here, without claiming any originality or special expertise in the subject, to see if it helps convince anyone else.

II.

Consider a classic example: modern paleontology does a good job at predicting dinosaur fossils. But the creationist explanation – Satan buried fake dinosaur fossils to mislead us – also predicts the same fossils (we assume Satan is good at disguising his existence, so that the lack of other strong evidence for Satan doesn’t contradict the theory). What principles help us realize that the Satan hypothesis is obviously stupid and the usual paleontological one more plausible?

One bad response: paleontology can better predict characteristics of dinosaur fossils, using arguments like “since plesiosaurs are aquatic, they will be found in areas that were underwater during the Mesozoic, but since tyrannosaurs are terrestrial, they will be found in areas that were on land”, and this makes it better than the Satan hypothesis, which can only retrodict these characteristics. But this isn’t quite true: since Satan is trying to fool us into believing the modern paleontology paradigm, he’ll hide the fossils in ways that conform to its predictions, so we will predict plesiosaur fossils will only be found at sea – otherwise the gig would be up!

A second bad response: “The hypothesis that all our findings were planted to deceive us bleeds into conspiracy theories and touches on the problem of skepticism. These things are inherently outside the realm of science.” But archaeological findings are very often deliberate hoaxes planted to deceive archaeologists, and in practice archaeologists consider and test that hypothesis the same way they consider and test every other hypothesis. Rule this out by fiat and we have to accept Piltdown Man, or at least claim that the people arguing against the veracity of Piltdown Man were doing something other than Science.

A third bad response: “Satan is supernatural and science is not allowed to consider supernatural explanations.” Fine then, replace Satan with an alien. I think this is a stupid distinction – if demons really did interfere in earthly affairs, then we could investigate their actions using the same methods we use to investigate every other process. But this would take a long time to argue well, so for now let’s just stick with the alien.

A fourth bad response: “There is no empirical test that distinguishes the Satan hypothesis from the paleontology hypothesis, therefore the Satan hypothesis is inherently unfalsifiable and therefore pseudoscientific.” But this can’t be right. After all, there’s no empirical test that distinguishes the paleontology hypothesis from the Satan hypothesis! If we call one of them pseudoscience based on their inseparability, we have to call the other one pseudoscience too!

A naive Popperian (which maybe nobody really is) would have to stop here, and say that we predict dinosaur fossils will have such-and-such characteristics, but that questions like that process that drives this pattern – a long-dead ecosystem of actual dinosaurs, or the Devil planting dinosaur bones to deceive us – is a mystical question beyond the ability of Science to even conceivably solve.

I think the correct response is to say that both theories explain the data, and one cannot empirically test which theory is true, but the paleontology theory is more elegant (I am tempted to say “simpler”, but that might imply I have a rigorous mathematical definition of the form of simplicity involved, which I don’t). It requires fewer other weird things to be true. It involves fewer other hidden variables. It transforms our worldview less. It gets a cleaner shave with Occam’s Razor. This elegance is so important to us that it explains our vast preference for the first theory over the second.

A long tradition of philosophers of science have already written eloquently about this, summed up by Sean Carroll here:

What makes an explanation “the best.” Thomas Kuhn ,after his influential book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions led many people to think of him as a relativist when it came to scientific claims, attempted to correct this misimpression by offering a list of criteria that scientists use in practice to judge one theory better than another one: accuracy, consistency, broad scope, simplicity, and fruitfulness. “Accuracy” (fitting the data) is one of these criteria, but by no means the sole one. Any working scientist can think of cases where each of these concepts has been invoked in favor of one theory or another. But there is no unambiguous algorithm according to which we can feed in these criteria, a list of theories, and a set of data, and expect the best theory to pop out. The way in which we judge scientific theories is inescapably reflective, messy, and human. That’s the reality of how science is actually done; it’s a matter of judgment, not of drawing bright lines between truth and falsity or science and non-science. Fortunately, in typical cases the accumulation of evidence eventually leaves only one viable theory in the eyes of most reasonable observers.

The dinosaur hypothesis and the Satan hypothesis both fit the data, but the dinosaur hypothesis wins hands-down on simplicity. As Carroll predicts, most reasonable observers are able to converge on the same solution here, despite the philosophical complexity.

III.

I’m starting with this extreme case because its very extremity makes it easier to see the mechanism in action. But I think the same process applies to other cases that people really worry about.

Consider the riddle of the Sphinx. There’s pretty good archaeological evidence supporting the consensus position that it was built by Pharaoh Khafre. But there are a few holes in that story, and a few scattered artifacts suggest it was actually built by Pharaoh Khufu; a respectable minority of archaeologists believe this. And there are a few anomalies which, if taken wildly out of context, you can use to tell a story that it was built long before Egypt existed at all, maybe by Atlantis or aliens.

So there are three competing hypotheses. All of them are consistent with current evidence (even the Atlantis one, which was written after the current evidence was found and carefully adds enough epicycles not to blatantly contradict it). Perhaps one day evidence will come to light that supports one above the others; maybe in some unexcavated tomb, a hieroglyphic tablet says “I created the Sphinx, sincerely yours, Pharaoh Khufu”. But maybe this won’t happen. Maybe we already have all the Sphinx-related evidence we’re going to get. Maybe the information necessary to distinguish among these hypotheses has been utterly lost beyond any conceivable ability to reconstruct.

I don’t want to say “No hypothesis can be tested any further, so Science is useless to us here”, because then we’re forced to conclude stupid things like “Science has no opinion on whether the Sphinx was built by Khafre or Atlanteans,” whereas I think most scientists would actually have very strong opinions on that.

But what about the question of whether the Sphinx was built by Khafre or Khufu? This is a real open question with respectable archaeologists on both sides; what can we do about it?

I think the answer would have to be: the same thing we did with the Satan vs. paleontology question, only now it’s a lot harder. We try to figure out which theory requires fewer other weird things to be true, fewer hidden variables, less transformation of our worldview – which theory works better with Occam’s Razor. This is relatively easy in the Atlantis case, and hard but potentially possible in the Khafre vs. Khufu case.

(Bayesians can rephrase this to: given that we have a certain amount of evidence for each, can we quantify exactly how much evidence, and what our priors for each should be. It would end not with a decisive victory of one or the other, but with a probability distribution, maybe 80% chance it was Khafre, 20% chance it was Khufu)

I think this is a totally legitimate thing for Egyptologists to do, even if it never results in a particular testable claim that gets tested. If you don’t think it’s a legitimate thing for Egyptologists to do, I have trouble figuring out how you can justify Egyptologists rejecting the Atlantis theory.

(Again, Bayesians would start with a very low prior for Atlantis, and assess the evidence as very low, and end up with a probability distribution something like Khafre 80%, Khufu 19.999999%, Atlantis 0.000001%)

IV.

How does this relate to things like multiverse theory? Before we get there, one more hokey example:

Suppose scientists measure the mass of one particle at 32.604 units, the mass of another related particle at 204.897 units, and the mass of a third related particle at 4452.767 units. For a while, this is just how things are – it seems to be an irreducible brute fact about the universe. Then some theorist notices that if you set the mass of the first particle as x, then the second is 2πx and the third is 4/3 πx^2. They theorize that perhaps the quantum field forms some sort of extradimensional sphere, the first particle represents a diameter of a great circle of the sphere, the second the circumference of the great circle, and the third the volume of the sphere.

(please excuse the stupidity of my example, I don’t know enough about physics to come up with something that isn’t stupid, but I hope it will illustrate my point)

In fact, imagine that there are a hundred different particles, all with different masses, and all one hundred have masses that perfectly correspond to various mathematical properties of spheres.

Is the person who made this discovery doing Science? And should we consider their theory a useful contribution to physics?

I think the answer is clearly yes. But consider what this commits us to. Suppose the scientist came up with their Extradimensional Sphere hypothesis after learning the masses of the relevant particles, and so it has not predicted anything. Suppose the extradimensional sphere is outside normal space, curled up into some dimension we can’t possibly access or test without a particle accelerator the size of the moon. Suppose there are no undiscovered particles in this set that can be tested to see if they also reflect sphere-related parameters. This theory is exactly the kind of postempirical, metaphysical construct that the Aeon article savages.

But it’s really compelling. We have a hundred different particles, and this theory retrodicts the properties of each of them perfectly. And it’s so simple – just say the word “sphere” and the rest falls out naturally! You would have to be crazy not to think it was at least pretty plausible, or that the scientist who developed it had done some good work.

Nor do I think it seems right to say “The discovery that all of our unexplained variables perfectly match the parameters of a sphere is good, but the hypothesis that there really is a sphere is outside the bounds of Science.” That sounds too much like saying “It’s fine to say dinosaur bones have such-and-such characteristics, but we must never speculate about what kind of process produced them, or whether it involved actual dinosaurs”.

V.

My understanding of the multiverse debate is that it works the same way. Scientists observe the behavior of particles, and find that a multiverse explains that behavior more simply and elegantly than not-a-multiverse.

One (doubtless exaggerated) way I’ve heard multiverse proponents explain their position is like this: in certain situations the math declares two contradictory answers – in the classic example, Schrodinger’s cat will be both alive and dead. But when we open the box, we see only a dead cat or an alive cat, not both. Multiverse opponents say “Some unknown force steps in at the last second and destroys one of the possibility branches”. Multiverse proponents say “No it doesn’t, both possibility branches happen exactly the way the math says, and we end up in one of them.”

Taking this exaggerated dumbed-down account as exactly right, this sounds about as hard as the dinosaurs-vs-Satan example, in terms of figuring out which is more Occam’s Razor compliant. I’m sure the reality is more nuanced, but I think it can be judged by the same process. Perhaps this is the kind of reasoning that only gets us to a 90% probability there is a multiverse, rather than a 99.999999% one. But I think determining that theories have 90% probability is a reasonable scientific thing to do.

VI.

At times, the Aeon article seems to flirt with admitting that something like this is necessary:

Such problems were judged by philosophers of science to be insurmountable, and Popper’s falsifiability criterion was abandoned (though, curiously, it still lives on in the minds of many practising scientists). But rather than seek an alternative, in 1983 the philosopher Larry Laudan declared that the demarcation problem is actually intractable, and must therefore be a pseudo-problem. He argued that the real distinction is between knowledge that is reliable or unreliable, irrespective of its provenance, and claimed that terms such as ‘pseudoscience’ and ‘unscientific’ have no real meaning.

But it always jumps back from the precipice:

So, if we can’t make use of falsifiability, what do we use instead? I don’t think we have any real alternative but to adopt what I might call the empirical criterion. Demarcation is not some kind of binary yes-or-no, right-or-wrong, black-or-white judgment. We have to admit shades of grey. Popper himself was ready to accept this, [saying]:

“The criterion of demarcation cannot be an absolutely sharp one but will itself have degrees. There will be well-testable theories, hardly testable theories, and non-testable theories. Those which are non-testable are of no interest to empirical scientists. They may be described as metaphysical.”

Here, ‘testability’ implies only that a theory either makes contact, or holds some promise of making contact, with empirical evidence. It makes no presumptions about what we might do in light of the evidence. If the evidence verifies the theory, that’s great – we celebrate and start looking for another test. If the evidence fails to support the theory, then we might ponder for a while or tinker with the auxiliary assumptions. Either way, there’s a tension between the metaphysical content of the theory and the empirical data – a tension between the ideas and the facts – which prevents the metaphysics from getting completely out of hand. In this way, the metaphysics is tamed or ‘naturalised’, and we have something to work with. This is science.

But as we’ve seen, many things we really want to include as science are not testable: our credence for real dinosaurs over Satan planting fossils, our credence for Khafre building the Sphinx over Khufu or Atlanteans, or elegant patterns that explain the features of the universe like the Extradimensional-Sphere Theory.

The Aeon article is aware of Carroll’s work – which, along with the paragraph quoted in Section II above, includes a lot of detailed Bayesian reasoning encompassing everything I’ve discussed. But the article dismisses it in a few sentences:

Sean Carroll, a vocal advocate for the Many-Worlds interpretation, prefers abduction, or what he calls ‘inference to the best explanation’, which leaves us with theories that are merely ‘parsimonious’, a matter of judgment, and ‘still might reasonably be true’. But whose judgment? In the absence of facts, what constitutes ‘the best explanation’?

Carroll seeks to dress his notion of inference in the cloth of respectability provided by something called Bayesian probability theory, happily overlooking its entirely subjective nature. It’s a short step from here to the theorist-turned-philosopher Richard Dawid’s efforts to justify the string theory programme in terms of ‘theoretically confirmed theory’ and ‘non-empirical theory assessment’. The ‘best explanation’ is then based on a choice between purely metaphysical constructs, without reference to empirical evidence, based on the application of a probability theory that can be readily engineered to suit personal prejudices.

“A choice between purely metaphysical constructs, without reference to empirical evidence” sounds pretty bad, until you realize he’s talking about the same reasoning we use to determine that real dinosaurs are more likely than Satan planting fossils.

I don’t want to go over the exact ways in which Bayesian methods are subjective (which I think are overestimated) vs. objective. I think it’s more fruitful to point out that your brain is already using Bayesian methods to interpret the photons striking your eyes into this sentence, to make snap decisions about what sense the words are used in, and to integrate them into your model of the world. If Bayesian methods are good enough to give you every single piece of evidence about the nature of the external world that you have ever encountered in your entire life, I say they’re good enough for science.

Or if you don’t like that, you can use the explanation above, which barely uses the word “Bayes” at all and just describes everything in terms like “Occam’s Razor” and “you wouldn’t want to conclude something like that, would you?”

I know there are separate debates about whether this kind of reasoning-from-simplicity is actually good enough, when used by ordinary people, to consistently arrive at truth. Or whether it’s a productive way to conduct science that will give us good new theories, or a waste of everybody’s time. I sympathize with some these concerns, though I am nowhere near scientifically educated enough to have an actual opinion on the questions at play.

But I think it’s important to argue that even before you describe the advantages and disadvantages of the complicated Bayesian math that lets you do this, something like this has to be done. The untestable is a fundamental part of science, impossible to remove. We can debate how to explain it. But denying it isn’t an option.



Discuss
          

Barrage sur le Nil: trois pays se donnent jusqu'à début 2020 pour trouver un accord

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Les ministres des Affaires étrangères de l'Egypte, du Soudan et de l'Ethiopie, réunis mercredi à Washington, se sont donné jusqu'à janvier 2020 pour trouver un accord sur un projet d'immense barrage sur le Nil Bleu qui suscite des tensions entre leurs pays.
          

Your Daley Gator CCW News Update For Wednesday (11/06/19)

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. DemoNazi-Controlled House Votes To ‘Enhance The Border Security’ Of Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt And Tunisia, But Not The Unites States…
          

EVER - Electric Vehicle Rally 2019 (Almasa, EGY)

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No 6631 Du 16 10 1965 LA VISITE DU MARECHAL AMER SCELLE LA RECONCILIATION FRANCO EGYPTIENNE PAR JEAN PIERRE CORNET RELANCE EUROPEENNE PEU PROBABLE AVANT JANVIER PAR A F LA POTICHE PAR F FONVIEILLE ALQUIER LES TRAVAUX BUDGETAIRES BONN LA FORMATION DU CABINET ERHARD SERIEUSEMENT COMPROMISE PEKIN TIRE LA LECON DE SES ECHECS PAR E M LE PRIX NOBEL DE LITTERATURE A MIKHAIL CHOLOKHOV PAR P K UN ACTE DIPLOMATIQUE PAR GABRIEL MATZNEFF TRENTE ANS APRES LE STATUT LHONNEUR DU JOURNALISTE PAR PI

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No 6631 Du 16 10 1965 LA VISITE DU MARECHAL AMER SCELLE LA RECONCILIATION FRANCO EGYPTIENNE PAR JEAN PIERRE CORNET RELANCE EUROPEENNE PEU PROBABLE AVANT JANVIER PAR A F LA POTICHE PAR F FONVIEILLE ALQUIER LES TRAVAUX BUDGETAIRES BONN LA FORMATION DU CABINET ERHARD SERIEUSEMENT COMPROMISE PEKIN TIRE LA LECON DE SES ECHECS PAR E M LE PRIX NOBEL DE LITTERATURE A MIKHAIL CHOLOKHOV PAR P K UN ACTE DIPLOMATIQUE PAR GABRIEL MATZNEFF TRENTE ANS APRES LE STATUT LHONNEUR DU JOURNALISTE PAR PI
          

Real Modesty (a redux episode) – MBFLP 236

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Hello, Friends! Melanie's come down with laryngitis this week so we'd like to offer this return to a frequent issue for Christians in conservative churches - Modesty! And we think you'll find there's more to it, and less of what you may expect, when you look back to the whole Bible. We hope you enjoy it! In Christ Hal and Melanie One of the long-running controversies in conservative churches is the question of “modesty.” What does it mean, Biblically? How should we practice it? Is it just about “necklines and hemlines” or is there something more? Sometimes the subject has bad associations in people’s memory. Maybe they've encountered a legalistic application of the concept, and it left a bad taste in their mouth. And yet, we know that modesty is important for a Christian. We want the way we dress to reflect that we're God's people. We don't want to tempt people to sin. But how can we consider the question without bogging down in legalistic stuff? Of course – go back and look at the biblical standard. Let's see what the Word actually says and not just what someone interpreted. To The Word! Providentially, we were looking at one of these passages in our family devotions. In 1 Timothy 2:8-9, Paul is instructing Timothy on the organization of the church he’s planting. He wrote, “I desire therefore that men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting. In like manner also, that the women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with propriety in moderation, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or costly clothing, but, which is proper for women professing godliness, with good work.” Some people interpret that to mean women should not wear nice clothes. They shouldn't try to be attractive. They shouldn't wear jewelry or braid their hair. And on the surface the passage sounds like that, but other passages give it more context. For example, 1 Peter 3 is talking about relations of wives and husbands. In his word to the wives, Peter says (verse 3), “Do not let your adornment be merely outward--arranging the hair, wearing gold, or putting on fine apparel—rather, let it be the hidden person of the heart, with the incorruptible beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is very precious in the sight of God.” And in verse five, he continues, “For in this manner, in former times, the holy women who trusted in God also adorned themselves, being submissive to their own husbands, as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, whose daughters you are if you do good and are not afraid with any terror.” Here’s a significant point - Sarah was known for something. In Genesis 12, when she and Abraham were in Egypt, the Egyptians noticed Sarah. They noticed her beauty. They were staring at her. They were saying in their own language, “Wow. Check out that woman over there.” She attracted so much attention Abraham actually feared for his own life. Guess what? Sarah was at least 65 years old at the time. Changing Perspective This is worth considering for a moment. Obviously Sarah was a woman who knew how to take care of herself, who knew how to dress well, who knew how to groom herself. This woman was like a supermodel, and 65 years old. And what does Peter say? Peter says, ladies be like Sarah--she was a godly woman. We’ve had friends who seemed to believe that “Dumpiness is next to holiness.” That “dowdy” is “godly.” And yet we have the example of Sarah to balance some of our interpretation. (There’s much more in the rest of the episode - it's not just an issue for women!)
          

cuccioli egyptian mau adorabili cuccioli e carino maschi e femmine. i nostri cuccioli sono 3 mesi d

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Offro in regalo - Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste
cuccioli egyptian mau adorabili cuccioli e carino maschi e femmine. i nostri cuccioli sono 3 mesi di età e sono aussi 100% sani e vaccinati svermi

          

Until further notice, NO Donations for Container to Egypt is Accepted.

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We would like to request that you do NOT leave any donations in the designated area for the container to Egypt until further notice.  Keep our church clean and don’t bring any stuff please . Thank you for your cooperation.
          

Egypt Wonder Compact-Set Matt

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Kaikille niille jotka haluavat näyttää terveen ruskeilta ja menestyviltä - hetkessä!Egypt Wonder Compact-Single Sport matta on täydellinen ruskettava kiinteä maajauhe.Egypt Wonder on ainutlaatuinen sekoitus maa-ainesta ja orgaanisia mineraaleja, eli aito luonnontuote.Egypt Wonderia on vain yksi sävy...
          

Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan agree to settle GERD dispute by Jan 2020

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Trump met top representatives from the three countries to help solving the issue<br/><br/>The post Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan agree to settle GERD dispute by Jan 2020 appeared first on Daily News Egypt.
          

Air freight to and from Egypt - best shipping company Mersali Air Freight -Free Packaging

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The best shipping companies from Egypt and the best shipping price
          

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A trip down Egypt's famous river is still a classic travel experience

          

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Find out the best spots to snap amazing shots in Egypt's capital city.

          

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CNN Travel explores El Gouna, one of best spots for kitesurfing in Egypt.

          

V září narození...

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Nedá se popřít, že letošní podzim se vážně vydařil. Mám sice na mysli počasí, ale i na zajímavé knižní novinky byl přívětivý. V každém případě nesmím zapomenout, že ani kvůli jedné z uvedených věcí jste tenhle článek nerozklikli. Pojďme si tedy připomenout, čí slova jsme si vypůjčili v průběhu září.

 


"Často se mě ptají, jestli je to [moje práce] sci-fi, nebo fantasy a moje odpověď je obvykle "ano"."
China Miéville
*6. září 1972

Jednoznačně nejmladším vzorkem zářijové fantastiky je tento ryze současný britský autor, u kterého si nemůže čtenář být jistý, co mu naservíruje ve své příští knize. Rád boří hranice žánrů, jako by zkoušel, co ještě jsou mu jeho fanoušci ochotni spolknout a uvěřit. Zatím se mu to daří víc než dobře, a to i přesto (nebo právě proto?), že rád do své tvorby i do diskuzí na conech tahá politiku a nijak se se svými politickými názory netají. Prakticky všechny romány, které napsal, se dají číst i česky, naposledy letos povídková sbírka Tři okamžiky exploze. Prý je divná i na Miévillovy poměry, na Sardenu máme recenzi, můžete se mrknout, co na ni říká Eylonwai.


„Dokud jsem nezačal používat internet, nevěděl jsem, že je na světě tolik idiotů.“
Stanisław Lem
*12. září 1921

Na tomhle prohlášení je nejvíc vidět, že Lem se až do konce svých dnů zajímal o to, co bylo předmětem jeho tvorby. Jeho jméno právem patří mezi velikány světové sci-fi. Nedá se popřít, že byl ovlivněn dobou i zemí, ve které převážně tvořil. Polsko ve druhé polovině dvacátého století a komunisti si „vybrali svou daň“, ale i přesto stojí některé jeho romány za to číst i dneska. Mnozí dnešní autoři píšící o kybernetice a umělé inteligenci možná ani netuší, že on byl jeden z těch, co to zkusili jako první. V českém vydání se dá narazit na tituly, které nevyšly nikde jinde ve světě a stojí za nimi místní editor, jako například soubor povídek Invaze z roku 2010, jenž vyšel v nakladatelství Plus. Sborník sestavený Pavlem Weigelem obsahuje povídky z vrcholného období Lemovy tvorby a dvě česky doposud nevydané práce. Můžete zapátrat v knihovnách.

„Ti, kdo nevěří v magii, ji nikdy nenaleznou.“
Roald Dahl
*13. září 1916

Září je bohaté na moje oblíbence, protože tenhle Brit s norským původem… zkrátka si od něj přečtěte alespoň nějakou povídku, kterých napsal nepočítaně. Zdaleka ne všechna jeho tvorba je dostupná v češtině, ale v roce 2010 (to není možné, že už je to tak dlouho) vydalo nakladatelství Volvox Globator Souhrnné vydání nejlepších povídek od A do Z, a tenhle dvoudílný špalek vám opravdu to nejlepší nabídne. A vůbec vás nebudu podezřívat, že byste neznali Karlíka a továrnu na čokoládu nebo Matyldu, Dahlova tvorba pro děti je tak specifická, že se dá těžko s něčím splést.

„Nejlepší moment, kdy přemýšlet a plánovat knihu je, když umýváte nádobí.“
Agatha Christie
*15. září 1890

Zarytí scifisti a fantasti mi jistě prominou, že jsem do zářijového citátníku propašovala i královnu detektivek. Jednak je občas také recenzujeme a hlavně, je to moje velká oblíbenkyně. Agatha Christie patří mezi ty autory, jejichž život je stejně zajímavý jako knihy, které napsali. Kdo by neslyšel o jejím záhadném zmizení v roce 1926, které nikdy nebylo zcela vysvětleno, nebo o jejím druhém manželství s archeologem Mallowanem a pobytem v Egyptě. Její jméno budou nejspíš znát i ti, kteří nepřečetli jedinou knihu s Herculem Poirotem nebo slečnou Marplovou.

„Když na žábu namaluješ pruhy, nestane se tygrem.“
George Raymond Richard Martin
*20. září 1948

S tímhle Američanem je to stejné jako s Tolkienem. Budu-li se snažit vám tu o něm vykládat cokoli ze základních faktů, mohli byste se klidně i urazit, protože Martinovo jméno znají dneska i ti, kteří nikdy nepřečetli ani řádek z fantastiky, ale jde jim koukání na televizi. On toho samozřejmě napsal daleko víc než jen Píseň ledu a ohně. Ať už patříte mezi ty, kterým se seriál líbil a je jim úplně ukradené, jestli tuhle sérii někdy dopíše, nebo mezi ty, kteří každý večer vysílají svoje modlitby k nebesům, aby už ten knižní konec konečně byl, zkuste si od něj mezitím přečíst něco jiného, třeba Sen Ockerwee. Možná budete překvapeni.

„Dobré knihy neprozradí všechna svá tajemství najednou.“
Stephen King
*21. září 1947

O den později a o rok dřív se narodila další žánrová ikona knižního světa. Ať už si o Kingových knihách myslíte cokoli, rozhodně vás nemohly úplně minout, minimálně nějaká filmová nebo seriálová adaptace. Jeden z nejčtenějších autorů dneška (a také televizní producent, herec, hudebník, scénárista, novinář a režisér) je považován za krále hororu, ač by se o tom u mnoha jeho příběhů dalo úspěšně polemizovat, koneckonců mixování žánrů je dnes docela běžné a důležitý je hlavně příběh a ty umí King páchat excelentně. Ať už se necháte unést nejnovějším filmových zpracování příběhu TO nebo jeho čerstvou novelou Povznesení, dejte si pozor, jestli vás chytí, budete nuceni se k jeho knihám vracet.


          

قرد مكبوت جنسياً وقطط تنتحر… هل تحتاج الحيوانات أيضاً إلى طبيب نفسي؟

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بحكم عمله في السياحة، كان جاد عفانة يقف في صباح ذلك اليوم بساحة فندق الانتركونتننتال، عندما نظر إلى أعلى بناية الفندق المكون من عشرة طوابق، ليجد قطاً يقف فوقه، وكأنه يشرع في إلقاء نفسه، ليطلب عفانة من موظف الأمن إنقاذه، وهو ما كان، ولكن قبل أن يذهب إلى واجهته؛ وجد القط وقد صعد مرة أخرى، ومن ثم طلب من موظف الأمن مجدداً أن ينقذه لآخر مرة، مضيفاً: "فعلاً ذهب ورأيته يلتقطه".

يضيف جاد عفانة، المقيم في إربد، شمال الأردن، لرصيف22، أنَّ القط سرعان ما عاد مرة أخرى إلى أعلى البناية، وقبل أن يمنعاه، عفانة وموظف الأمن، ألقى القط بنفسه من فوقها، ونتيجة لهذا الارتفاع الشاهق، فارق الحياة فور ارتطامه بأرضية الفندق الجرانيتية.

 "حيوان زهد الحياة، أنقذناه مرتين، إلَّا أنَّ تصميمه على ما أقدم عليه جعله ينجح أخيراً بإنهاء حياته".

يؤكد عفانة أن ما رأه هو "واقعة انتحار مكتملة الأركان"، ويتخيل أنه "حيوان زهد الحياة، أنقذناه مرتين، إلا أن تصميمه على ما أقدم عليه جعله ينجح أخيراً بإنهاء حياته".

وليست تلك الواقعة الأولى، فهناك قط آخر حاول الانتحار منذ أشهر، يقول عفانة: "رأيت قطة تقفز وتقفز من فوق الأسطح والشجيرات الصغيرة، فذهبت وبحثت فوجدت بأن هنالك شيء يسمى كآبة الحيوانات، وبأن الحيوانات مثل الإنسان، تصاب بالأمراض النفسية التي تدفعها للانتحار".

لم ينجح الشاب الأردني في إنقاذ القط، أو إحباط محاولة انتحاره، ولكن يبقى التساؤل بشأن كيفية إنقاذه؟ وهل كان ما رآه عفانة هو في حقيقته انتحار؟ وما دام قادراً على الانتحار فهل تحتاج الحيوانات الذهاب إلى طبيب نفسي؟

كبت جنسي يدفع قرد للانتحار

في مارس 2016، نقلت إدارة حديقة الحيوان في مدينة الزقازيق المصرية، القرد "وحيد" إلى حديقة الجيزة، بعد أن حاول الانتحار بسبب الكبت الجنسي، فبحسب تصريحات تداولها النشطاء على موقع "يوتيوب" لمسؤول بحديقة حيوان الجيزة، عانى القرد "وحيد" من كبت جنسي بعد امتناع "رفيقته" عنه نتيجة الحمل، الأمر الذي جعل القرد يعاني من اكتئاب حاد، وأخذ "يعض" نفسه، الأمر الذي جعل إدارة الحديقة تتدخَّل لإنقاذه.

لم يكن القرد "وحيد" آخر القرود التي أقدمت على الانتحار، بحسب التفسير الشائع لسلوكه، فقد نجح قرد فلسطيني في ما لم ينجح فيه القرد المصري، ذلك عندما أكد فتحي جمعة، رئيس جمعية حديقة الحيوان بغزة، انتحار القرد "ريكو" شنقاً بعد يومين من تغير طرأ على سلوكه، مرجحاً أن ما دفعه للانتحار ربما الظرف أو ربما لشعوره باليأس من كونه موجوداً في قفص بمفرده.

سفر أصحاب الحيوانات الأليفة وتركهم بالمنزل بمفردهم، يعد أهم أسباب اكتئاب الحيوانات، ونتيجة لذلك سعى البعض إلى توفير أماكن مخصصة لإيواء الحيوانات بشكل مؤقت في فترة سفر أصحابهم
 عانى القرد "وحيد" من كبت جنسي بعد امتناع "رفيقته" عنه نتيجة الحمل، الأمر الذي جعل القرد يعاني من اكتئاب حاد، وأخذ "يعض" نفسه، الأمر الذي جعل إدارة الحديقة تتدخَّل لإنقاذه

تتعدَّد أشكال الانتحار لدى الحيوانات، فهناك ما لم يجد له العلماء تفسيراً، مثل انتحار الحيتان على الشواطئ، أو ما أرجعوه لأسباب نفسية، وفيها يقدم الحيوان على التخلُّص من حياته بإيذاء نفسه جسدياً، مثل الأفعى التي عضت ذيلها أو القرود التي تعض أجسادها، أيضاً قد تلجأ بعض الحيوانات للانتحار نتيجة خوفها الشَّديد، فعندما يحاول أحد دفع الخنزير إلى الماء فإنَّه ينتحر بقطع شريانه بحوافره، وكذلك تلجأ العقارب إلى قتل نفسها إذا ما أحيطت بالنار.

كلب ينتحر في جنازة صاحبه

حكي مصطفى حسن لـرصيف22 واقعة حدثت في قريته التابعة لإحدى محافظات صعيد مصر، فذات صباح استيقظ أهالي القرية على خبر سقوط طفل من أعلى سطح منزله، ودخل إثر ذلك الإنعاش: "ثلاث ليال قضاهم الطفل في العناية المُركَّزة، حتى توفّي في اليوم الرابع".

يوضِّح حسن (25 عاماً)، والذي يعمل مترجماً صحفياً في القاهرة، أنَّ واقعة سقوط الطفل لم تكن جديدة، لكنّه يُضيف: "الغريب في الأمر أنَّ هذا الطفل كان عنده كلب يرافقه منذ صغره تقريباً، وما فعله الكلب وقتما خرجت جنازة الطفل، وقد شاهد ذلك أهل القرية جميعاً، هو ما كان غريباً، فقد فوجئوا بالكلب يلقي بنفسه من فوق منزل صاحبه، تحديداً من نفس المكان الذي سقط منه الطفل، ليلقى مصرعه، وكأنَّه يأبى أن يعيش بعد صاحبه".

يعلِّق الدكتور علي محمد علي، أخصائي إرشاد بيطري، لـرصيف22 أن الحيوانات تشترك مع الإنسان في بعض السلوك البشري مثل "الصوم"، كأن يأكل أسد غزالة في وجبة واحدة ليمتنع بعدها عن الطعام لأسبوع، إلَّا أنَّه يؤكّد عدم تسجيل حالات انتحار بمعناها المتعارف عليها عند الإنسان، موضحاً في الوقت ذاته إصابة الحيوانات بالاكتئاب أو تغيّر الحالة المزاجية، "ولا سيما الكلاب، لتعلّقهم الشديد بصاحبهم، عكس القطط المتعلقة ببيوت أصحابها"، مؤكداً ضرورة أن يذهب الشخص بالحيوان إلى أخصائي السلوك عندما يظهر عليه بعض أعراض "الاكتئاب".

هل يحتاج الحيوان إلى طبيب نفسي؟

يقسّم محمّد علي السلوك الحيواني إلى ثلاثة أقسام: "سلوك طبيعي، وهو ما يظهر على الحيوانات في بيئتها الطبيعية وليكن الغابة، والثاني سلوك غير طبيعي أو شاذ مثل أن تضع حيوان في قفص فتجده غير مستقر في مكان، ودائم الحركة، وذلك دائماً ما يكون سببه الحبس الزَّائد، أمَّا السلوك الثالث والأخير فيظهر على الحيوانات المنزلية ولاسيما في موسم التزاوج ومنعه من ذلك النشاط، أو أن تكلّمه بصوت عالي".

يشير أخصائي الإرشاد البيطري إلى أن السلوك الثالث يتضح في تصرفات طارئة على سلوك الحيوان، كأن يتبرز في مكان غير المُخصَّص له، مؤكداً ضرورة الذهاب بالحيوان إلى الإرشاد البيطري، فالحيوان في هذه الحالة يحتاج إلى تعديل سلوك، ومن النصائح التي يقدمها في تلك الحالة أن يغلق الباب أثناء قضاء الحيوان لحاجته إن كان يُترك مفتوحاً، أو أن يضع صندوق التبرّز في مكان هادئ إذا كان موضوعاً في مكان صاخب أو قريب من أفراد الأسرة، هكذا نعمل على تعديل سلوك الحيوانات"، مشيراً إلى أن الكلاب هي أكثر الحيوانات قابلية للتعلم وتقويم السلوك.

"الكلاب أكثر الحيوانات قابلية للتعلم وتقويم السلوك".

وعن علامات الانتحار عند الحيوانات، يُشدِّد الدكتور علي محمد علي على أنَّ "انتحار الحيوانات بالإضراب عن الطعام لا يكون لأسباب نفسية فقط، فرغم أن الامتناع عن الأكل من أولى علامات الاكتئاب لدى الحيوان، إلا أنَّ ذلك قد يكون لسبب عضوي، مثل وجود شوكة في حلقه، أو ارتفاع في درجة الحرارة، أو أن يكون هناك أورام سرطانية، ومن هنا تكون الوفاة في تلك الحالة ليست انتحاراً لكن نتيجة لامتناعه عن الأكل".

الحيوانات البرية تضرب عن الطعام

وتابع علي: "الحالات المسجلة في الإضراب عن الطعام هي حالات الحيوانات البرية، فعندما تأتي بهم تحت الأسر يضرب عن الطعام لمدة 10 أيام، ولكن عندما يدرك خطورة الأمر يبدأ بالأكل، ولكن يستمر في الإضراب عن التزاوج، لذلك نجد الفيلة "كريمة" ماتت في حديقة حيوان الجيزة دون أن تنجب، ولكن عكسهم الأسود والضباع، فهم يتعاملون مع الأمر بكل بساطة".

ويؤكد علي على أن سفر أصحاب الحيوانات الأليفة وتركهم بالمنزل بمفردهم، يعد أهم أسباب اكتئاب الحيوانات، ونتيجة لذلك سعى البعض إلى توفير أماكن مخصصة لإيواء الحيوانات بشكل مؤقت في فترة سفر أصحابهم، فمثلاً نجد البيطري أشرف صابر قرر افتتاح فندق "الرحمة" البيطري لاستضافة الحيوانات الأليفة، والذي يقع مقرّه في ضواحي محافظة الجيزة، حيث عمل صابر سابقاً في الجمعية المصرية لحماية حقوق الحيوانات، ولكن بعد إغلاق الملجأ الخاص بالجمعية، ظلَّ راغباً في العمل مع الحيوانات، وحينها قرَّر إنشاء الفندق الخاصّ به.

إغلاق الحكومة فنادق خاصة بالكلاب

وقد لجأت الغردقة، المدينة السياحية على ساحل البحر الأحمر، إلى إنشاء فندق للكلاب، في محاولة لجذب السياح الذين لا يستطيعون ترك كلابهم أثناء سفرهم، وكان آخرهم الفندق الذي افتتح في أغسطس الماضي بمدينة الغردقة، فحسب تصريحات لوحيد رفعت، نقيب الأطباء البيطريين بالبحر الأحمر، جاءت فكرة الفندق لعدم إمكانية نزول الكلاب مع السائحين بنفس الفندق، موضحاً أنَّ عشرات السائحين لا يمكنهم ترك كلابهم في بلادهم ويضطرون للمجيء بها إلى الغردقة، ومؤكداً أنَّ الفندق استقبل حجوزات من سائحين من مختلف الجنسيات، ممن يصطحبون كلابهم معهم من بلادهم، مشيراً إلى أنَّ الفندق يستضيف أيضاً جميع أنواع الحيوانات الأليفة.

الفندق الذي أكد نقيب الأطباء البيطريين بالبحر الأحمر أنه ساعد على زيادة الحجوزات الفندقية، كان للحكومة رأي آخر بشأنه، فلم تمر 24 ساعة على واقعة استضافة أحد فنادق الغردقة للكلاب وتخصيص حمامات سباحة لها، إلا وظهرت مطالبات عدَّة بسرعة غلق الفندق لخطره على صحة الإنسان والسيَّاح في المدينة الساحلية بمحافظة البحر الأحمر، فضلًا عن مخالفته القانون والدستور والصحَّة العامة، وهو الأمر الذي استجاب له محافظ البحر الأحمر، يوم السبت 31 أغسطس الماضي، مُقرِّراً إغلاق فندق إيواء واستضافة الكلاب، مُرجِعاً السبب في ذلك إلى "عدم ترخيصه".


          

Pyramidy: Odhalená tajemství (komplet 1-6) -dokument

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Jak byly vystavěny pyramidy v Egyptě? Odpověď na tuto otázku zůstává nevyřešeným tajemstvím. Mnoho ukrytých pyramid a pohřbených krypt nebylo dosud objeveno. Naštěstí mají moderní egyptologové a archeologové užitečného pomocníka. Díky leteckým a satelitním záběrům získávají cenné, nové stopy o poloze, konstrukci a vývoji těchto ikonických budov. Devět z nich nyní můžeme prozkoumat z úplně […]
          

Et Pyramides D Egypte Ou La Mort Denombree Jean

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Et Pyramides D Egypte Ou La Mort Denombree Jean
          

Egyptian Q Amp S Learn To Speak And Understand Egyptian Arabic With Pimsleur Language Programs

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Egyptian Q Amp S Learn To Speak And Understand Egyptian Arabic With Pimsleur Language Programs
          

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 [EN/AR/ES/FR/ZH]

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Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bangladesh, Brazil, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

Global trends and challenges

More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.

Humanitarian needs are increasing despite global economic and development gains. In the past decade, the world has made profound development progress. Between 2008 and 2015, the number of people living in extreme poverty fell from 1.2 billion to 736 million. The world is also richer than ever before: global GDP rose from $63.4 trillion in 2008 to $80.7 trillion in 2017.
But in recent years, more than 120 million people each year have needed urgent humanitarian assistance and protection. There are more crises, affecting more people, and lasting longer today than a decade ago. Most humanitarian crises are not the product of any single factor or event, but of the interaction between natural hazards, armed conflict and human vulnerability.

People’s vulnerability to crises is not just about where they live, but also about how they live.
Poverty, inequality, population growth, urbanization and climate change can erode people’s resilience and make them more susceptible to shocks. Although development gains are being made, progress has been uneven. The rate of extreme poverty remains high in low-income countries and in countries affected by conflict. Crises have disproportionate consequences for the poor: people exposed to natural hazards in the poorest nations are at least seven times more likely to die from them than those in the richest nations.

Fragile and conflict-affected areas are growing faster and urbanizing more rapidly than the rest of the world

In the past five years, the world’s population has grown by 400 million people, from 7.2 billion in 2014 to 7.6 billion in 2017. Although global population growth has slowed compared with previous decades, the rate has been uneven. Today, an estimated 2 billion people live in fragile and conflict affected areas of the word, where they are extremely vulnerable to the impact of conflicts and disasters. This number is projected to increase, as the population in these areas is growing twice as fast as the rest of the world, with an annual growth rate of 2.4 per cent, compared with 1.2 per cent globally. And the urban population in fragile areas grows by 3.4 per cent each year, compared with the world average of 2 per cent. These trends can compound resource scarcity and increase vulnerability to disasters. Urban population density can also amplify the impact of disasters and conflicts. In 2017, when explosive weapons were used in populated areas, 92 per cent of casualties were civilians, compared with 20 per cent in other areas. The populations of countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence are also younger than the global average. Whereas the proportion of the world’s population under 14 years of age has been steadily declining to about 25 per cent today, the average for countries in fragile situations is 40 per cent. As a result, one in every four children in the world is living in a country affected by conflict or disaster, facing threats of violence, hunger and disease. In 2017, more than 75 million children experienced disruptions to their education because of humanitarian crises, threatening not only their present well-being, but their future prospects as well.

More people are being displaced by conflicts

By the end of 2017, war, violence and persecution had uprooted 68.5 million men, women and children around the world – the highest number on record, and nearly 10 million more people than in 2014. Just over 40 million people were internally displaced by violence within their own countries, and 25.4 million refugees and 3.1 million asylum seekers were forced to flee their countries to escape conflict and persecution. The levels of new displacements far outstrip returns or other solutions. In 2017, 5 million people returned to their areas or countries of origin, but 16.2 million people were newly displaced – an average of one person displaced every two seconds, and the highest level of new displacement on record.

The rise in forced displacement is not the result of an increase in conflicts. In fact, after peaking in 2014, the number of political conflicts worldwide decreased by about 10 per cent, from 424 in 2014 to 385 in 2017, although there are still more conflicts compared with a decade ago (328 in 2007). However, during the same period, the proportion of violent and highly violent conflicts, which are more likely to cause human suffering, destruction and displacement, increased from 53 per cent to 58 per cent of all conflicts worldwide.5 The total economic impact of conflict and violence has also increased, from $14.3 trillion in 2014 to $14.8 trillion in 2017.6 The major share of both the human and economic cost of conflicts is borne by developing countries, which host 85 per cent of refugees.


          

World: Education in Emergencies - ECHO Factsheet

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Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

Key messages

Education is lifesaving. Education is crucial for both the protection and healthy development of girls and boys affected by crises. It can rebuild their lives; restore their sense of normality and safety, and provide them with important life skills. It helps children to be self-sufficient, to be heard, and to have more influence on issues that affect them. It is also one of the best tools to invest in their long-term future, and in the peace, stability and economic growth of their countries.

Education in emergencies actions can help prevent, reduce, mitigate and respond to emergency-related academic, financial, social, institutional, physical and infrastructural barriers to children's education, while ensuring the provision of safe, inclusive and quality education.

In 2017, the EU dedicates 6% of its annual humanitarian aid budget to education in emergencies, one of the most underfunded sectors of humanitarian aid. In 2018, this amount will increase to 8%.

4.7 million girls and boys in 52 countries have benefited from EUfunded education in emergencies actions between 2012 and 2017.


          

Mid Market Account Executive - Egypt - Uber - Dubai

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Work with customers (new and prospective) to introduce new feature roll outs. Uber for Business has one goal–to allow businesses of any size to harness Uber’s…
From Uber - Thu, 11 Jul 2019 18:10:49 GMT - View all Dubai jobs
          

Ambassador Sergei Terentiev met with the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Egypt

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Download logo On November 6, 2019, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Belarus to the Arab Republic of Egypt Mr. Sergei Terentiev met with the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Arab Republic of Egypt Dr. Ali Abdel Aal Saed Ahmed. During the meeting, the parties discussed the state and […]
          

Ambassador of Belarus Sergei Terentiev meets CEO of the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development

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Download logo On 6 November 2019 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Belarus to Egypt and Permanent Representative of Belarus to the League of Arab States Sergei Terentiev met with Secretary General of the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development affiliated with the League of Arab States, Prof. Ibrahim Adam Ahmed El-Dukheri. During the […]
          

PM call with President Sisi of Egypt: 5 November 2019

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Download logo A Downing Street spokesperson said: “The Prime Minister spoke to President Sisi of Egypt this afternoon”. “The leaders welcomed the recent lifting of restrictions on flights from the UK to Sharm el Sheikh as the first step towards services resuming and emphasised the importance of close co-operation between the UK and Egypt on […]
          

Adam Dietch Quartet: Egyptian Secrets (Golden Wolf Records)

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Adam Dietch Quartet: Egyptian Secrets (Golden Wolf Records)
          

Regional Sales Manager - Winters Instruments - Egypt, ON

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Winters Instruments is currently looking for a highly-motivated, driven and focused Regional Sales Manager to help Winters Instruments expand into the African…
From Winters Instruments - Wed, 18 Sep 2019 19:48:21 GMT - View all Egypt, ON jobs
          

11/7/2019: Front Page: City onion price touches 100/kg

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The Centre has announced relaxation in import norms of onions till November 30 as prices shot up to Rs 100 per kg in some localities in Delhi on Wednesday. Efforts are being made to facilitate private import of onion from Afghanistan, Egypt, Turkey and...
          

Olympic Eventing: After a 60-year wait, Egyptian riders are off t

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Olympic Eventing: After a 60-year wait, Egyptian riders are off to the Olympics https://blog.olympictickets2020.com/olympic-eventing-after-a-60-year-wait-egyptian-riders-are-off-to-the-olympics/ Olympic fans from all over the world are requested to book Olympic 2020 tickets from our online platforms for Olympic Tickets. Olympics Eventing followers can book Olympic Eventing Tickets from our ticketing marketplace exclusively on discounted prices. https://www.olympictickets2020.com/olympic-games-tickets/olympic-eventing-tickets/ #OlympicTickets #Olympic2020Tickets #OlympicEventingTickets #OlympicPackages #OlympicHospitality
          

Manual Of Egyptian Pottery Ptolemaic

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Manual Of Egyptian Pottery Ptolemaic
          

Where to Go in 2020 According to A&K

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Egypt makes a comeback and the Arctic Circle continues to entice travelers.
          

Female Arabic DJ

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DJ NADIA Female Arabic DJ Music to suit your taste. From a variety of Arabic (Yemeni, Lebanese, Egyptian, Moroccan, Algerian, Libyan, Syrian, Iraqi, Sudani and rest of Middle East), Somalian, English(RNB, soul, disco, hip hop etc) and other. Weddings, parties and other occasions with full equipment's. We provide national service for all United Kingdom, London, Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Cardiff, Sheffield and more. Booking in advance: 07789978895 IF YOU TRIED THE REST NOW TRY THE BEST
          

Bring Home Your Dream Linen Products With Soft Touch

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Are you looking for a reputed hotel linen supplier in UK? Do you wish to raise the standard of your hotel by using the best linen products? Look no further when Soft Touch Linens is here. We are one of the leading linen suppliers and retailers in the industry with the vision to provide a premium range of linen products at competitive prices. We offer a wide array of quality linen products like cotton percale bedding, Egyptian cotton percale, hotel quality white towels, bathrobes, table linens and many more. Besides, you can also purchase pillows, quilts and toiletries from us. We pride ourselves for supplying not only quality linen but also durable and long-lasting products. Hence, should you look for linen bedding or table linen supplier in UK, feel free to reach us.
          

Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan Agree to Ink Deal on Nile Dam by 15 January 2020 - US Treasury

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The US Department of Treasury said in a statement on Wednesday that ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan reached "a comprehensive, cooperative, adaptive, sustainable, and mutually beneficial agreement on the filling and operation" of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).
          

The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (Global UGRAD) to the U.S. Educational system, culture and values. Deadline : 31 December 2019

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The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (Global UGRAD) to the U.S. Educational system, culture and values. Deadline : 31 December 2019

The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (Global UGRAD) brings future leaders to the U.S. to experience the U.S. educational system, share their culture, and explore U.S. culture and values.

Application is open November 4th, 2019 through December 31st, 2019.

Global UGRAD is administered by World Learning on behalf of the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.

The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program is sponsored by the U.S. Department of State with funding provided by the U.S. Government and administered by World Learning.

Since 2008, World Learning has provided this opportunity to over 2,200 Global UGRAD students.  Participants leave the U.S. with the tools to become leaders in their professions and communities. Global UGRAD alumni go on to receive Fulbright grants, obtain prestigious international internships, and work in business and government in their home countries and regions.

Countries: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cambodia, China, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Bank and Gaza, Zimbabwe

 

 

Program Goals

To promote mutual understanding between people of the United States and other countries.

  • Provide a fulfilling exchange experience to drive academic, cross-cultural, and leadership competencies for students from Global UGRAD countries.
  • Enhance students’ academic knowledge and professional skills needed to pursue long-term academic and career goals.
  • Cultivate students’ comprehensive and nuanced understanding of the U.S.
  • Facilitate opportunities for students to establish social networks with U.S. host institutions and local communities.
  • Empower students to engage constructively in the civic life of their local and global communities.               CLICK HERE TO APPLY

The post The Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (Global UGRAD) to the U.S. Educational system, culture and values. Deadline : 31 December 2019 appeared first on mucuruzi.com.


          

Neoliberalism’s Children Rise Up to Demand Justice in Chile and the World

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Uprisings against the corrupt, generation-long dominance of neoliberal “center-right” and “center-left” governments that benefit the wealthy and multinational corporations at the expense of working people are sweeping country after country all over the world. In this Autumn of Discontent, people from Chile, Haiti and Honduras to Iraq, Egypt and Lebanon are rising up against neoliberalism, […]
          

30 yo Egyptian bull in London

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I am a well hung guy, 180 cm tall, fit, work out, little hairy with a *, i prefer blondes but all white girls are welcome, if interested contact me here or on kik * For more pics and details feel free to ask me Many kisses
          

Egyptian cotton bedding

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We created our bedding collection so you can spend less time searching for premium quality bed linens. With us you can be sure - we only use finest Egyptian cotton featuring at least 300 thread count and 100% long staple cotton. All our cottons are Oeko-Tex certified so you can be sure that you will not meet harmful chemicals during your sleep.
          

100% Egyptian Cotton Percale Sheets

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Our percale sheets are crispy and cool. Isn’t it what you deserve while you sleep? Made of quality Egyptian cotton, featuring 300 thread count and long staple. Stone washed for extra softness and casual look.
          

100% Egyptian Cotton Sateen Sheets

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Classic quality sateen sheets carefully made for contemporary bedroom. Soft, shiny sheets will carry you to the next level of sleep all year around.
          

To buy the best Egyptian 400 Thread Count Pure Cotton Bed Linen

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Looking for high quality bed linen? Come to us. We at My Duvet & Pillow have launched our new collection of bed linens featuring an exquisite 400 thread-count fabric. Our products featuring Egyptian 400 thread count pure cotton bed linen includes soft yet remarkably crisp fitted sheet, pure cotton pillowcase and pure cotton duvet cover. Made from yarn-dyed threads, our products are very smooth and comfortable. To purchase our products, visit us at – https://www.myduvetandpillow.co.uk/collections/400tc-bedding or give us a call at - (020) 8432 0737
          

Egyptian horny guy

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30 yo Egyptian bull living in London With a big ** couples if interested reply back with ur details Kisses
          

Bronze Sphinx Statues Sphinxes Empire Casting

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- This is based in our Los Angeles store in the US where we will ship from - please email for shipping quotes - Stunning pair of bronze Egyptian sphinxes in the French Empire style - These are a sumptuous pair, perfect left and right - Patina is superb and they stand on the marble base which is smooth and chip free - Offered in great shape and will ship these to anywhere in the world Dimensions are in inches: Width x Dept x Height 8 x 14 x 15
          

Art Deco Clara Bronze Statue Figurine by Demetre Chiparus

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Classic art deco style bronze statue entitled Clara. Classic Egyptian dancer pose with flowing dress surrounding the idealised 1920s version of the female form. Its rust free, will ship anywhere in the world. Dimensions are in CM: Width x Depth x Height 81 x 22 x 55 Dimensions are in inches: Width x Depth x Height 32 x 9 x 22 Visit - https://www.canonburyantiques.com/p/Art-Deco-Clara-Bronze-Statue-Figurine-by-Demetre-Chiparus-1433223352/
          

WorleyParsons Recent Available Employment Opportunity

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WorleyParsons has had a presence in Africa since the 1970’s when Parsons E&C established their offices in Cairo, Egypt. Since that time the company has continued to spread across the.....
          

Zephyrs Textile are Supplying Hotel Towel

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Zephyrs Textile is producing Hotel Towel since 2002. We have developed many ways to serve the price conscious wholesalers and suppliers. For high quality seekers, we prefer to use zero twist yarn or Egyptian cotton yarn. Yarn dyed designs are also in demand, for which we use 90 degree dyeing fast colors. Visit Now: zephyrstextile.com Call Now: +923008731203
          

Uitzending van 7 november 2019

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Onze spraakmaker is Susan Blankhart, oud-ambassadeur in onder meer Egypte en Sudan. We hebben het met haar over de RNW Media, de voormalige Wereldomroep. Sinds het einde in 2012 heeft de omroep zich opnieuw uitgevonden als ngo. En daarover spreekt minister Kaag met de Tweede Kamer. En: vandaag is het Nationale Heldendag. Vanmiddag krijgen zeven Nederlanders een decoratie vanwege moed of een andere belangrijke reddingsactie. Voorzitter van het Carnegie Heldenfonds Jaap Smit vertelt waar een hedendaagse held aan moet voldoen. Spraakmakers is dé radiotalkshow van NPO Radio 1. Ghislaine Plag ontvangt bevlogen gasten die je nét even anders naar het nieuws laten kijken. Wil je meepraten met Spraakmakers? Meld je dan aan voor onze community.
          

Egypt-Ethiopia row over River Nile dam

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At the heart of the dispute is which country has control over Africa's longest river.
          

TIP! EgyptAir - Nigérie - levné letenky Lagos (zpáteční) 11.290,- kč

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TIP! EgyptAir - Nigérie - levné letenky Lagos (zpáteční) 11.290,- kč levneletenky.org 30 Říjen, 2019 - 08:53
TIP! EgyptAir - Nigérie - levné letenky Lagos (zpáteční) 11.290,- kč

V rezervačních systémech se objevily raritní spoje do afrických zemí, kam se nemusí být až tak snadné vždy dostat. Příkladem budiž téměř neviditelné akční letenky do Nigérie. Vyjímka potvrzuje pravidlo, nabídka se stále více rozrůstá i díky specialistovi jménem EgyptAir. Aerolinka prodává levné letenky Lagos z Berlína za 11.290,- kč.

Tyhle akční letenky do Nigérie se u nás objevují poprvé v historii. Ukořistit spoj do Lagosu, jednoho z největších měst Afriky je možné díky Egypt Air od 20. února do 27. března. Přílet je na letiště Murtala Muhammed Airport (LOS). Levné letenky Lagos z Německa (Berlín) je nutné objednat bez odkládání.

Ukážeme si také další výhodné letenky do Afriky společnosti EgyptAir. Kromě letenky do Nigérie ještě např. Kigali - Rwanda za 11.490,- kč, Entebbe - Uganda za 11.190,- kč, Johannesburg a Jihoafrická republika za 12.390,- kč.

Rezervace letenky:

  Lagos - Nigérie (z Berlína) 11.290,- kč termíny

Další užitečné odkazy:

  Dovolená vč. ubytování se slevou až 50% Aktuální nabídka
  Jak se dostat levně do místa odletu Rychlý tip, jak na to

Nejvíce vás zajímá:

  Letenky do 1.500,- kč Nejlevnější letenky přehledně
  Akční letenky Aktuální letenky v akci
  Denní zpravodaj Nejnovější přehled levných letenek
 

 

Destinace
Letecké společnosti
Oblíbené lety

          

TIP! EgyptAir - Etiopie - levné letenky Addis Abeba (zpáteční) 9.290,- kč

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TIP! EgyptAir - Etiopie - levné letenky Addis Abeba (zpáteční) 9.290,- kč levneletenky.org 29 Říjen, 2019 - 15:04
TIP! EgyptAir - Etiopie - levné letenky Addis Abeba (zpáteční) 9.290,- kč

Po čtyřech měsících ožívá kategorie levné letenky do Etiopie. O nový přírustek z oblasti akčních letenek do této africké země se opět stará letecká společnost EgyptAir. Využijte zpáteční letenky do Addis Abeba s odletem z německého Berlína za cenu 9.290,- kč. Oproti posledně na letence ušetříme necelou tisícovku a to na zemi nenajdeš.

Odměna v podobě levné letenky do Etiopie potěší hlavně náruživé, aktivní a zkušené cestovatele. Tyhle letenky určitě nejsou pro každého. Našli jste se aspoň v nějakém bodu? Pak vybírejte letenky do Addis Abeba od EgyptAir z Berlína (letiště Tegel) na dobu 5. listopad 2019 až 28. březen 2020.

Vystup z davu a cestuj po světě nespoután rutinními povinostmi. Afrika jen jeden bod. Nelíbí se ti Etiopie? Pak mrkni na všechny akční letenky. Nyní jich je až 582.

Rezervace letenky:

  Addis Abeba - Etiopie (z Berlína) 9.290,- kč termíny

Další užitečné odkazy:

  Dovolená vč. ubytování se slevou až 50% Aktuální nabídka
  Jak se dostat levně do místa odletu Rychlý tip, jak na to

Nejvíce vás zajímá:

  Letenky do 1.500,- kč Nejlevnější letenky přehledně
  Akční letenky Aktuální letenky v akci
  Denní zpravodaj Nejnovější přehled levných letenek
 

 

Letecké společnosti
Oblíbené lety

          

The Full Scoop: Egyptian Government Agency Accuses Glovo and Delivery Hero of Restricting Competition

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Everyone was surprised after Glovo terminated their operations in Egypt in an unexpected move, especially after they were gaining a considerable share in the market. Glovo is a Spanish startup founded in Barcelona in 2015, that serves as an on-demand courier service that purchases, collects, and delivers products ordered through its mobile app. The exit […]

The post The Full Scoop: Egyptian Government Agency Accuses Glovo and Delivery Hero of Restricting Competition appeared first on Scoop Empire. Written By: Mohamed Rashed


          

Egyptian Tech Startup Yumamia Raises $1.5 Million in Investment Round

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Tech startups are one of the fastest-growing and booming sectors in the global economy right now. One Egyptian tech startup that is making a statement is Yumamia. Yumamia is a food delivery app that offers junk-free, healthy food using premium ingredients whilst adhering to the highest standards of hygiene, making clean eating a convenient and […]

The post Egyptian Tech Startup Yumamia Raises $1.5 Million in Investment Round appeared first on Scoop Empire. Written By: Mohamed Rashed


          

Stylar: An Egyptian Entrepreneur Is Building a Shazam-Like App but for Fashion!

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You know how much Shazam helped us recognize super cool songs and build our ultimate playlists; by instantly recognizing the songs it detects? An Egyptian entrepreneur is building an app that is supposed to do just that, but with fashion! Instead of creating the ultimate playlist, fashion addicts will easily build their dream closet! The […]

The post Stylar: An Egyptian Entrepreneur Is Building a Shazam-Like App but for Fashion! appeared first on Scoop Empire. Written By: Mohamed Rashed


          

11/06 Links Pt2: US Jewish umbrella group slams Democratic hopefuls’ calls to leverage Israel aid; Jews lobby non-Jews to browbeat Jews – what do you call that?

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From Ian:

Noah Pollak: Leading Democrats Call for Conditioning Military Aid to Israel
The United States could have responded to Arab antagonism by following the European playbook and squeezed Israel for concessions. But American strategists realized the best way to stop the wars wasn't to make Israel feel less secure, but rather to make Israel less defeatable.

The U.S. military aid that started in earnest in the form of an emergency arms resupply during the 1973 war has been perhaps the single-most effective U.S. policy toward the Middle East in the past half-century. With America now in Israel's corner, the Arab states were compelled to abandon the fantasy of wiping the Jewish State off the map. That led to what had previously been unthinkable: Egypt signed a peace treaty with Israel in 1979, and Jordan followed in 1994.

Other benefits to the United States flowed from military aid to Israel: With the Jewish state now fielding advanced U.S. weaponry against Arab states, which were armed with inferior Soviet weapons, regional skirmishes were turned into devastating morale-killers for Moscow. In one air campaign in June 1982, Israeli-piloted F-15s and F-16s shot down 88 Syrian-piloted Soviet MiGs. Israel lost a single F-16. Battles like this clarified for the world which side was likely to prevail in the Cold War.

Today, Gulf Arab states are drawing closer to an increasingly powerful Israel, seeking protection from Iran—another way in which U.S. military aid, which maintains Israel's "qualitative military edge" in the region, is promoting American interests and decreasing the likelihood that the United States will be called upon to directly protect regional allies.

Warren, Sanders, and Buttigieg did not acknowledge this history, or these strategic benefits. Since the progressive activists of the Democratic Party view Israel largely through the lens of the Palestinians, it was only a matter of time before they began to demand that all aspects of the U.S.-Israel relationship be subordinated to the politics of that issue.
US Jewish umbrella group slams Democratic hopefuls’ calls to leverage Israel aid
An umbrella group of more than 50 Jewish organizations from across the ideological spectrum condemned calls by Democratic presidential candidates to condition military aid to Israel on its approach to making peace with the Palestinians.

“We are deeply troubled by recent statements that would place conditions, limitations, or restrictions on the US security assistance provided to Israel, so vital for the defense and security of the country, the protection of essential US interests, and stability in the region,” Arthur Stark, chairman, and Malcolm Hoenlein, executive vice chairman/CEO, of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations said in a statement issued Friday.

“This approach would harm American objectives in the Middle East and would undermine the ability of our key ally to defend itself against the threats it faces on all its borders.”

Sens. Bernie Sanders of Vermont and Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts, along with Mayor Pete Buttigieg of South Bend, Indiana, recently have indicated a willingness to use American aid to force policy changes by Israel regarding the Palestinian conflict, including halting settlement construction.
U.S.-Israel Security Cooperation Is A Win-Win
Not a single American serviceperson needs to be stationed in Israel. Aside from training missions, there have been American soldiers stationed in Israel since 2009, only working with the American/Israeli co-designed X-band radar system — a deployment that helps the U.S. and Israel monitor threats from the east.

Israel’s missile defense capabilities — developed and produced in conjunction with American industry — not only protect Israel from Hamas and Hezbollah missiles, but protect the United States from emerging threats from North Korea and Iran. Various branches of the U.S. military have purchased a variety of Israeli-developed systems and participated in joint development of anti-tunnel defenses, the Arrow Missile Program, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Plane, THEL Laser Program, the Advanced Urban Combat Training Facility, as well as Iron Dome.

Israel has been a partner in U.S. and multi-lateral military exercises for years; interestingly, Israel and the United Arab Emirates flew together in one. Combined exercises have taken place on NATO territory, in the U.S., in Israel (where the Luftwaffe flew above Israeli territory, making a few people blink), and the Pacific Ocean. Not a single country has opted out due to Israel having opted in.

The two countries are drawn together by common values and common threats. The bipartisan support of our ally Israel has been a testament to those values, as well as to the practical recognition that the threats require cooperation in intelligence, technology, and security policy.

The volatility of the Middle East is unlikely to be constrained. The United States, desirous of removing its soldiers from the region even as it understands the risk attendant to a resurgent Russia and increasingly desperate Iran, is as much in need of capable allies now as it ever was. It would be a shame if rampant J Street politicization of the relationship were allowed to do damage.



MEMRI: Article On Muslim Brotherhood Website: Election Of A Gay U.S. President Will Lead To Pressure On Arab Countries To Permit Homosexuality; The Prophet Muhammad Ordered The Killing Of Homosexuals
In an October 7, 2019 article on the website of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party, Egyptian journalist and Muslim Brotherhood (MB) member Amer Shamakh wrote about the growing support for the LGBTQ community and same-sex marriage in the West, and in the U.S. in particular. Calling them "perversion" that is contrary to human nature and the monotheistic religions, he warned that if potential Democratic presidential candidate Pete Buttigieg became president, this would lead to a campaign of pressure on Arab countries to accept the LGBTQ community as normal, as it is perceived today in the West. Expressing concern that Arab leaders would capitulate to such pressure, he underlined that Islam views homosexuality as "one of the most loathsome deeds," that "Islamic law instructs that those who carry it out be killed by burning, being thrown from a high place, or stoning," and that the Prophet Muhammad himself even ordered that this be done.

Below are excerpts from Shamakh's article:
"After the world has experienced an extremist U.S. president who alarmed the world, especially the Muslims, with his madness and his strange decisions, it may in the future experience another [kind of] U.S. president: a gay one... The official U.S. candidate [sic] for the 2020 presidential election is 37-year-old Pete Buttigieg, a Democrat, who is currently mayor of South Bend, Indiana. He has been married for a year to his partner Justin, and the two have now declared that they want to start a family!

"This pervert wishes to gain the votes of his fellow [LGBTQ] Americans, whose number has increased many times over in [the past] 25 years. Surveys indicate that during this period the number of Americans who support homosexuality increased fivefold, the number of homosexuals in U.S. society rose from 3% in 1990 to 20% in 2014, and the number of those favoring marriage among these perverts rose from 11% in 1990 to 49% in 2014. This means that 20% of Americans are gay, and that 50% of Americans support the gay 20% and recognize them [as legitimate], in spite of their crime that contravenes human nature... and does not exist even among animals.
Tony Blair says Labour antisemitism is “killing the Party” but stops short of saying he won’t vote for Corbyn
Tony Blair has said that Labour’s antisemitism scandal is “absolutely killing the Party”, but stopped short of declaring that he would not vote for the Party in the coming election.

The former Prime Minister made the remarks at a dinner at the Board of Deputies, and said that he anticipates a “complete battle” in Labour between its moderate and radical wings.

Although Mr Blair expressed confidence that Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn would not win the election, when asked if he himself would vote tactically he replied: “I can’t”.

Mr Blair insisted that “there are really good Labour MPs that are standing in this election. People I know, people I’ve worked with. People who have stood up very strongly on antisemitism in the Labour Party and I want to see them supported.”

Left-wing antisemitism, Mr Blair explained, is “not limited to a few bad apples” but rather is a “phenomenon”, and complained about those who are “obsessed with a hatred of Israel”, noting that he is “having more reasonable conversations about Israel with some of the Arab states than I am back home with parts of the Left.”


Disgraced MP Chris Williamson barred from standing as a candidate in forthcoming general election
It understood that the disgraced MP, Chris Williamson, will not be permitted to stand as a candidate for the Labour Party in the coming general election in Derby North.

Mr Williamson is best known for baiting Jews by dismissing allegations of antisemitism as “proxy wars and bulls***” whilst supporting Labour activists like Marc Wadsworth and Jackie Walker who were expelled from the Party over their comments. He has been suspended by Labour three times (although the second suspension was overturned by the High Court).

He has been on suspension while his case is reviewed yet again by the Party, and it has now emerged that the Labour Party has barred him from standing in the general election as a candidate for the Party. Suspended members are usually unable to stand as candidates.

In an interview yesterday on LBC, the Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer, John McDonnell, refused to distance himself from Mr Williamson. When asked by host Iain Dale whether he wants Mr Williamson to be a candidate in the general election, Mr McDonnelll said that Mr Williamson’s case is currently under consideration and therefore he would not wish to say anything that might prejudice the case. To this Mr Dale responded: “the right answer to that question was ‘no’.”
Diane Abbott: Not all Jews think Corbyn is an anti-Semite
Boris Johnson’s election campaign has got off to a dismal start but it seems Labour is determined to catch up. Diane Abbott appeared on the Today programme this morning to discuss her party’s anti-Semitism problem. But Mr S isn’t convinced her defence will convince many voters that things are all OK:

Nick Robinson: Do you accept you haven’t done enough (to resolve the problem of anti-Semitism)?

Diane Abbott: ‘…it’s not every element of the Jewish community that believes Jeremy is an anti-Semite.’

NR: ‘Well every major Jewish newspaper says it, every major Jewish representative body says it.’

DA: ‘Yeah, well, the Hasidic community in Stamford Hill doesn’t say that…’

Hardly a vote-winning pitch to worried Jewish voters…
Gil Troy: Jews lobby non-Jews to browbeat Jews – what do you call that?
Thank you, Jeremy Ben-Ami, Bernie Sanders and J Street’s conventioneers. At J Street’s recent conference, they ended their charade. J Street is not the “pro-Israel, pro-peace” movement it long pretended to be; it’s the anti-occupation lobby, lacking nuance, balance and any ability to criticize Palestinians.

Sanders’ words brought a different clarity: Any Jew who donates to this bash-Israel-firster has no heart; any American who donates to this socialist-for-thee-but-not-for-me has no brain.

I’m responding to Sanders “as a Jew,” because he tried insulating himself from criticism by playing what the British novelist Howard Jacobson calls the “asaJew” card. “It’s going to be very hard for anybody to call me – whose father’s family was wiped out by Hitler, who spent time in Israel – an antisemite,” Sanders said. Don’t call him an antisemite, just a disloyal fool. He thrills antisemites like Ilhan Omar, who endorsed him, while emboldening murderous anti-Zionists leading Hamas and the Palestinian Authority.

This American Jewish Corbynite is spearheading J Street’s campaign to browbeat Democratic candidates, demanding they use American aid to Israel as a battering ram, blackmailing Israel into making policy moves most Israelis have learned would harm them, their country and their region.

That follows the policy Ben-Ami championed at the conference: bullying candidates to buy into J Street’s occupation preoccupation of bullying Israel. Reducing the complicated, multidimensional Israel-Palestinian conflict to this simplistic “end the occupation” slogan makes as much sense as Republicans yelling “cut taxes” as an economic and social cure-all. Life is messier.

I know that doubting someone’s loyalty risks discouraging debate, but what else do you call it? Isn’t it disloyal for a Jew to emphasize his Jewishness as he urges non-Jews to blackmail the Jewish state to do things that would embolden Jew-haters and get many Jews killed?


Jewish Orgs Claim ‘Trump Endangers Jews,’ Despite Synagogue Shooters Hating His Jewish Ties
On Wednesday, activists from two left-wing Jewish organizations, Bend the Arc: Jewish Action and IfNotNow, interrupted a speech by President Trump in Pittsburgh to blame him for the attack on the Tree of Life synagogue.

In a video posted by IfNotNow, a group primarily known for its boycott of Birthright trips, activists can be heard screaming, “Trump endangers Jews!” According to IfNotNow’s Facebook post, the activists disrupted Trump’s speech “one year after he incited the deadliest attack on Jews in US history.”

Tree of Life synagogue shooter Robert Bowers actually hated Trump because of his Jewish family and his perceived fondness for Jews. By blaming Trump for the attack on Jews, left-wing Jewish activists are actually—if one uses their logic—blaming the victim.

Social media posts by Bowers reveal that he despised Trump. His social media posts include deeply offensive slurs in reference to Jews, comments about how he has never voted for Trump nor owned “a maga hat,” and posts depicting Trump as being supposedly controlled by Jews:


These social media posts have been referenced by mainstream news outlets, although they have not prevented Jewish activists (and even Linda Sarsour) from blaming Trump for the shooting in their social media commentary. (h/t Comrade FAILexa, Communistan)

Jewish, Pro-Israel Groups Raise Alarm Over Upcoming Anti-Israel Event at University of Massachusetts
Eighty-four Jewish and pro-Israel groups signed an open letter to Chancellor of the University of Massachusetts Amherst Kumble Subbaswamy raising alarm over an upcoming anti-Israel event that the letter charges will be a purely political and extremist gathering that should not have UMass sponsorship.

The missive addresses an event called “Criminalizing Dissent: The Attack on BDS & American Democracy.” The organizers say it will “address accelerating efforts by US political leaders, pro-Israel lobbying groups, and college and university administrators to silence, smear, and criminalize supporters of BDS, a nonviolent movement that aims to hold Israel accountable for its ongoing human rights abuses and its illegal 50-year occupation of Palestinian land.”

Among the slated speakers are political activist Linda Sarsour, academic Cornel West and BDS movement leader Omar Barghouti, all known for their vehement anti-Israel views.

The letter notes that a previous such petition was sent to Chancellor Subbaswamy regarding a similar event in May called, “Not Backing Down: Israel, Free Speech, & the Battle for Palestinian Rights,” to which the upcoming event bills itself as a “follow up.”

The May event featured Sarsour, along with other prominent anti-Israel figures Roger Waters and Marc Lamont Hill.

The letter said that past statements of these activists “draw on classic antisemitic tropes.”


An Open Letter to UMass Professors Who Support BDS
Below is an open letter to the faculty members who signed a pro-BDS letter to University of Massachusetts Amherst Chancellor Kumble Subbaswamy:

We do not know whether you signed the letter because you are knowledgeable on the issue, or you are just trusting the colleague who encouraged you to “be one of the good guys” and sign. If you are of the latter, allow us to address you.

This is indeed about freedom of speech, and about both sides speaking. It is just the opposite of what the document you signed claims. It is not the Jews who are trying to shut down criticism of Israel. Only someone who knows nothing about Israel or is a dedicated enemy can say such a thing with a straight face. No country on the planet has so high a level of internal public critical discussion. Everyone criticizes Israel, including Israelis and Jews. What the Jews who support Israel find really offensive is the moral sadism of calling them Nazis or having people from far more prejudiced, if not racist, cultures call this astoundingly tolerant polity “racist.”

It is not the Jews who support Israel who are preventing discussions on what is going on in the Middle East or shutting down criticism of Israel; it is those who support the BDS movement, for whom any exchange with an Israel-supporter is considered unacceptable. It is not pro-Israel Jews who are pushing “cancel culture” with shouting and violence; it is BDS promoters. According to the BDS narrative, Israel is an irredeemable evil — like the Nazis or white supremacists — with whom no compromise can be made. As runs their chant: “From the river to the sea, Palestine will be free.”

Do you really think that Palestinian sovereignty over “every inch of the land” will bring freedom? For anyone? Even Muslims?
Ecstatic Ariel Gold Announces Acceptance into ISIS (satire)
Days after returning from Iran, Code Pink national co-director Ariel Gold announced on Twitter that she has also been accepted into the Islamic State to lead the country’s Jewish outreach program.

“I spoke to ISIS President Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi, and it turns out he has the exact same opinion about Jews and Israel as I do!” Gold tweeted. “And to think that some people call him anti-Semitic.”

Gold promised to “keep an open mind” as she met with ISIS leaders and toured the scattered remains of the once-vast caliphate. She even agreed to participate in the execution of a young Yazidi woman.

“This girl claims that she’s being executed because her burka didn’t cover her ankles, but al-Hashimi told me she’s, like, totally a Zionist,” Gold said.

Along with her excitement at the prospect of meeting ISIS leaders, Gold said that she is hopeful that her trip may lead to new opportunities.

“If ISIS really likes me, maybe I can also be a Bernie Sanders surrogate,” she said.
German journalist to be awarded prize for combating antisemitism
The European Janusz Korczak Academy will present Dr. Mathias Döpfner, CEO of Berlin-based media group Axel Springer SE and president of the Federation of German Newspaper Publishers, with a prestigious award on Thursday to recognize his efforts to combat antisemitism and preserve human dignity.

The Korczak Prize for Humanism is awarded biannually to individuals by the academy, founded by the Jewish Agency, for their outstanding contributions to advancing tolerance, human rights and the fight against racism and hatred.

Döpfner, the head of Germany’s largest publishing house, has been hailed for his vocal opposition to antisemitism in Germany and abroad, and his efforts to boost ties between Germany and the State of Israel.

In May, leading German daily newspaper Bild – the largest brand published by Axel Springer – printed a cut-out kippah on its front page. The move followed comments made by Germany’s government commissioner on antisemitism that Jews should sometimes remove their kippah in order to avoid racist attacks.

The ceremony in Berlin will be attended by Jewish Agency Chairman Isaac Herzog, who is visiting Germany almost one month after an armed attack at a synagogue in Halle on Yom Kippur and ahead of the 81st anniversary of Kristallnacht.

Herzog’s visit also follows the approval earlier this week of a decade-long strategic plan by the Jewish Agency to address rising antisemitism across the globe.
BBC’s UK reporting hindered by its own record on Gaza casualties
That will of course come as no surprise to anyone familiar with the BBC’s own track record on the subject. Over five years after that conflict there is still no evidence of the BBC having ever independently verified the civilian/combatant casualty ratios which it continues to promote.

Instead, as noted here in the past, the BBC quotes figures attributed to “the UN” which are in fact sourced from the controversial report commissioned by the UN Human Rights Council more than a month before the conflict ended (originally headed by William Schabas) that was published in June 2015.

A close look at that report’s methodology shows that the Hamas-run “Ministry of Health in Gaza” is one source of the report’s data, together with the UNOCHA “Protection Cluster”. As has been noted here previously, that “Protection Cluster” includes political NGOs, some of which also have a financial relationship with UNOCHA.

And so, with the BBC having spent over five years amplifying casualty figures and debatable civilian/combatant casualty ratios supplied by Hamas and NGOs involved in ‘lawfare’ campaigning against Israel that were funnelled through a UN agency and subsequently promoted in a controversial and biased UNHRC report, it is hardly surprising that the corporation’s journalists are incapable of informing their domestic audiences that according to studies, a significant proportion of the Palestinians killed in Operation Protective Edge were terrorist operatives.

Also notable is the fact that although this BBC report is based on an article published by the Jewish Chronicle which notes Ms Sultana’s prior connections to the controversial advocacy group MEND (see p21 – 30 here), the BBC apparently did not consider it necessary to communicate that information to its ‘Coventry & Warwickshire’ audiences.
Haaretz Vs. Haaretz Are Reasons for Khalida Jarrar’s 2017 Arrest Classified
In recent articles, Haaretz has alleged that the reasons for the 2017 arrest of Khalida Jarrar, a former Palestinian lawmaker who was arrested again last week, are “still classified” despite the fact that Haaretz itself reported those very reasons at the time of the arrest. Most recently, a Nov. 4 page 2 print edition story by Jack Khoury entitled “Israel arrests PA J’lem Affairs minister for third time,” erred:

In February, Jarrar was released after 20 months of administrative detention without trial. The reasons for her previous arrest are still classified.

The identical error appeared in the Oct. 31 digital article entitled “Israel Arrests Ex-Palestinian Lawmaker, Only Eight Months After Her Release From Prison“.

In fact, the reasons for her previous 20 months of administrative detention, which lasted from July 2017 until February 2019, are not classified, and Haaretz itself has reported them.
Reuters Errs on Administrative Detention For 'Anti-Israel Activity'
A Reuters article today egregiously misrepresents administrative detention, erroneously asserting that it is mainly applied to "Palestinians suspected of anti-Israeli activities," when in fact the Israeli practice applies in cases of suspected security offenses. The Nov 4. article ("Jordan says two citizens held in Israel to return 'before the end of the week'") errs:
Israel mainly uses “administrative detention”, or imprisonment without trial, against Palestinians suspected of anti-Israeli activities.

The identical error also appears in this earlier Oct. 29 article.

Israel does not mainly use administrative detention against Palestinians suspected of "anti-Israeli activities" generally. Rather, the measure may only be applied in cases of suspicion regarding security-related offenses.

Thus, B'Tselem, an NGO highly critical of Israeli government policies and activity in the West Bank, explains:
In the West Bank (not including East Jerusalem), administrative detention is carried out under the Order regarding Security Provisions. The order empowers the military commander of the West Bank, or another commander to whom the power has been delegated, to place individuals in administrative detention for up to six months at a time, if the commander has “reasonable grounds to believe that reasons of regional security or public security require that a certain person be held in detention”.
Latest Antisemitic Attacks in Borough Park Underline Grim Challenges Facing Orthodox Jews in Brooklyn
As the New York City Police Department announced on Tuesday that its hate crimes unit was investigating a series of attacks last Friday night against Orthodox Jews in the Borough Park section of Brooklyn, a prominent leader of the community warned that the ongoing threat of antisemitic violence meant that “people in some neighborhoods are scared to leave their houses.”

Speaking to The Algemeiner on Tuesday, Rabbi Yaacov Behrman — the founder of the Brooklyn-based Jewish Future Alliance — said that the spate of attacks over the last two years against Orthodox Jews in the Williamsburg, Crown Heights and Borough Park neighborhoods were overwhelmingly perceived within the community as being spurred by antisemitic malice.

“People’s feelings are important, and the community sees this as antisemitic,” Berhman said. “There are these constant attacks on Jewish individuals in which no money is stolen, and where there seems to be no motivation other than to attack Jews.”

The latest incidents were registered last Friday night, with three separate attacks in Borough Park that involved the same passenger car over a five-block radius. Security cameras captured each incident, in which several men jumped out of the car to chase Jewish men and boys. In one incident, a Jewish man was punched and beaten after the group pinned him against another vehicle with their car.

More than half of the hate crimes reported in New York City this year have been antisemitic in nature, with over 150 incidents targeting Jews — a rise of 63 percent in the previous year, according to figures released by the NYPD in September.
Synagogue President: Gun-Free Zones Are 'Asinine'




German Far-Right Leader Stirs Controversy With Antisemitic ‘Judas’ Tweet Aimed at Popular Musician
A leading parliamentarian with the far-right “Alternative for Germany” (AfD) party faced heavy criticism on Monday after he deployed a notorious antisemitic trope in a social media attack on one of Germany’s top recording artists.

Several politicians are demanding the resignation of AfD representative Stephan Brandner from his role as chair of the Legal Committee of the Bundestag, Germany’s federal parliament, following a tweet last Thursday in which he invoked the Biblical figure of Judas Iscariot — according to Christian tradition, the disciple who betrayed Jesus to the Roman authorities in exchange for financial gain, while remaining a devout Jew. The representation of Judas as emblematic of inherent Jewish deceitfulness became popular in Europe during the Middle Ages.

Brandner’s tweet was aimed at one of Germany’s most popular musicians, Udo Lindenberg, who was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit on Oct. 2 by the German government. Known for his opposition to the former Soviet satellite regime in East Germany, Lindenberg has more recently voiced concerns about the growing appeal of the far right.

In a Facebook post commenting on the surge in support for the AfD in regional elections last month, Lindenberg wrote, “Do you not see the same old-new slogans on the walls of the houses?” In the same post, he described Björn Höcke — one of the AfD’s most influential regional leaders — as “a real fascist, resurrected from the ruins and facing towards the Nazis.”

In his condemnation of Lindenberg, Brandner asserted that the medal presented to the singer was reminiscent of Judas’s financial gains from his betrayal of Jesus.
Antisemitic hate crimes in Sweden rise by 53% to all-time record high
The number of anti-Semitic hate crimes recorded in Sweden rose to a record high last year, jumping 53 percent over the 2016 figures, government statistics show.

The 2018 report, which the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention published Thursday, listed 280 anti-Semitic hate crimes that year compared to 182 in 2016. The latest numbers are the highest on record since at least 2006, when the Council began collecting aggregated data.

Overall, the number of hate crimes with a racist or xenophobic motive rose by 69 percent over 2016 in Sweden to 4,865 cases last year, the report stated.

The council decided not to publish hate crime figures for 2017 without explaining the decision. In one attack from 2017, the Jewish assembly synagogue in Gothenburg was firebombed by approximately 10 men protesting Israel’s policies.

Anti-Semitic motives represented the largest increase from 2016 in hate crimes and was the largest hike in anti-Semitic crimes on record, the report said.

Anti-Semitic attacks accounted for 4 percent of all hate crimes in 2018. The Jewish population of 20,000 comprises approximately 0.2 percent of Sweden’s population.
Anti-fraud unicorn: Israel's Riskified raises $165m. in funding round
Tel Aviv-based fraud prevention start-up Riskified became the latest Israeli “unicorn” on Tuesday, raising $165 million in funding at a valuation exceeding $1 billion.

A “unicorn” refers to start-ups reaching or exceeding a $1b. market valuation.

Led by global growth equity firm General Atlantic, Riskified says the Series E funding round will enable the company to scale business domestically and internationally, in addition to expanding its range of products.

Other investors included Fidelity Management & Research Company, Winslow Capital Management and previous backers of the company.

Founded by Eido Gal and Assaf Feldman in 2012, Riskified is described as the pioneer of chargeback-guarantee fraud prevention – a solution in which every transaction approved by Riskified carries a full, money-back guarantee for the merchant in case of a fraud-related charge-back.

By precisely distinguishing legitimate purchases from fraud based on machine-learning from 500,000 daily transactions, Riskified protects merchants and ensures that customers do not see their payments incorrectly rejected at the online checkout.
UAE said readying to open doors to Israeli tourists, starting with 2020 Expo
The United Arab Emirates intends to allow Israeli tourists to freely visit the country and is engaged in high-level talks with Israeli authorities to put the policy into practice, the Yedioth Ahronoth daily newspaper reported Wednesday.

Israelis will initially be allowed to enter the UAE so that they can attend the Expo 2020 world fair in Dubai, which will include an Israeli pavilion. However, Expo and UAE sources confirmed to the paper that the intention is to leave the door open to Israeli visitors even after the exhibition closes.

Israel has no diplomatic ties with the UAE, though relations between the countries have quietly warmed over shared concerns about Iranian aggression in the region. Senior Israeli ministers have openly visited the country and in 2018, Israel’s national anthem was played at a judo tournament in Abu Dhabi when its team member won a gold medal.

Mohamed Khater, assistant director for tourism development in Ras Al Khaimah, a UAE emirate, confirmed that Israelis will be allowed to visit the Expo.

“I believe, God willing, they will come to visit also after the exhibition,” he said. “Already now hundreds of Israelis trickle into the country and we will be glad to host all of them.”

Israelis can currently visit the UAE if they have a foreign passport or with Israeli travel papers after getting a special entry permit.
US gives large grant to Jerusalem soccer program for Israeli, Palestinian kids
More than a year after the US administration announced drastic funding cuts to programs benefiting Palestinians, the US Embassy in Jerusalem gave a handsome grant for a project bringing Jewish and Arab children living in the capital together to play soccer.

The Hapoel Katamon Neighborhood League, in which kids from both the western and eastern part of the city participate, is “in harmony” with Washington’s vision for peace, US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman told The Times of Israel.

It will receive a one-time payment of $200,000, according to embassy officials.

“This year, 51 teams from 25 different schools will take part in the project, involving more than 750 boys and girls and 26 coaches from all sectors of society — religious and secular Jews, Muslims and Christians, representing the diversity of Jerusalem,” the US embassy said in a statement.

“The US Embassy views sports and educational activities as vital tools for building bridges between different communities and promoting a just, equal and shared society.”
Israeli tourism rises 10% compared to 2018
According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, approximately 447,100 tourist entries were recorded in October 2019, (the month when most of Jewish holidays fell in 2019) 7.9% less than October 2018 and 4.9% more than October 2017.

In the period of January – October 2019, 3.7 million tourist entries were recorded, compared to 3.4 million recorded in the same period last year, an increase of 10%.

In September, there was an increase of 44% in tourist entries on September 2018 (when most of the Jewish holidays fell in 2018). Therefore, in order to take into account, the period of the Jewish holidays, the two-month period should be calculated together.

In September-October 2019, 852,100 tourist entries were recorded, as opposed to 767,200 in the same period last year, an increase of 11%.

Revenue from incoming tourism in October stood at $643 million (about NIS 2.3 billion) and, since the beginning of the year, at $5.371 billion (about NIS 19.3 billion).

According to the Israeli Tourism Ministry, there has been a 10% increase in tourist entries to Israel since the start of the year compared to the same period last year.
George Clooney Set to Narrate New Documentary on the Late Israeli President Shimon Peres
Los Angeles film director Richard Trank has released a new film that chronicles the life and legacy of Israel's former president and prime minister Shimon Peres. Trank's film "Never Stop Dreaming", narrated by George Clooney, tells the life story of Shimon Peres from his childhood in Poland to becoming a key figure in Israel's establishment. The film focuses on his milestone achievements that include helping build up Israel's military and nuclear program, his entry into parliament, and his leadership role in the Labor Party through his election as prime minister in 1984.


Yad Vashem receives Torah scroll saved during Kristallnacht
A family Torah scroll that was saved from destruction in Ansbach, Germany during Kristallnacht was handed over to the Yad Vashem memorial and museum by the granddaughter of its owner.

The Torah scroll belonged to Dr. Ludwig Dietenhofer, "an industrialist who was active in Ansbach community life," according to Yad Vashem. Dietenhofer, who lived alone at the time because his children had all moved out of Germany, "held several public positions in the city, including as a member of the city council and head of the Jewish Community Committee."

Dietenhofer, a Zionist, planned to move to British-held Palestine and help build an independent Jewish state, and ultimately made it there shortly after Kristallnacht, or "Night of Broken Glass," when Nazis terrorized Jews throughout Germany and Austria.
Ludwig Dietenhofer and his wife / Credit: Yad Vashem Archives

During the fateful night on Nov. 9-10, 1938, Nazis killed at least 91 people, burned down hundreds of synagogues, vandalized and looted 7,500 Jewish businesses and arrested up to 30,000 Jewish men, many of whom were taken away to concentration camps.

Dietenhofer, who realized even before that night that Nazi persecution of the Jews was escalating, made sure that the Torah scroll would be spared and taken to a safe place several days in advance.

"On 27 October 1938, a tear gas bomb was thrown into the synagogue in Ansbach during prayer time, and the congregants were forced to stop praying," Yad Vashem noted on its website. "In November 1938, shortly before Kristallnacht, Ludwig was summoned to an urgent meeting with the Ansbach Chief of Police. The police chief, a friend of Ludwig's, warned him about the approaching riots, the anticipated synagogue conflagrations and physical violence, and urged him to leave the country as soon as possible."

Dietenhofer accepted that advice and took the Torah scroll, which had been donated to the synagogue by his family and used for multiple generations.



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11/06 Links Pt1: PA: Dead ISIS leader Al-Baghdadi was a US “pawn” and Israel and ISIS are “twins”; Israel says UNRWA chief’s stepping aside shows ‘deep’ change needed; Arab Spring 2.0

 Cache   
From Ian:

David Singer: Rabin’s Policies Can Help Break Gantz-Netanyahu Deadlock
The prospect of a third election in Israel within twelve months looms large – should Blue and White leader Benny Gantz be unable to form a Government of National Unity within the next two weeks.

To break the current deadlock Gantz needs at least nine members to defect from the voting bloc of 55 seats led by Prime Minister Netanyahu.

Gantz’s cause could be considerably advanced were he to publicly endorse the policies pursued by the late Prime Minister – Yitzchak Rabin – who was assassinated on 4 November 1995.

Rabin made his intentions very clear in his last speech to the Knesset on 5 October 1995 when presenting the 300 page “Israeli - Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip” (Oslo Accords) for approval:

“Members of Knesset,

“We are striving for a permanent solution to the unending bloody conflict between us and the Palestinians and the Arab states." In the framework of the permanent solution, we aspire to reach, first and foremost, the State of Israel as a Jewish state, at least 80% of whose citizens will be, and are, Jews.

"At the same time, we also promise that the non-Jewish citizens of Israel – Muslim, Christian, Druze and others – will enjoy full personal, religious and civil rights, like those of any Israeli citizen. Judaism and racism are diametrically opposed.

"We view the permanent solution in the framework of State of Israel which will include most of the area of the Land of Israel as it was under the rule of the British Mandate, and alongside it a Palestinian entity which will be a home to most of the Palestinian residents living in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

"We would like this to be an entity which is less than a state, and which will independently run the lives of the Palestinians under its authority. The borders of the State of Israel, during the permanent solution, will be beyond the lines which existed before the Six Day War. We will not return to the 4 June 1967 lines.

...
Rabin – then Defence Minister – had stated on May 27, 1985:

“The Palestinians should have a sovereign State which includes most of the Palestinians. It should be Jordan with a considerable part of the West Bank and Gaza. East of the Jordan River there is enough room to settle the Palestinian refugees. One tiny State between Israel and Jordan will solve nothing. It will be a time bomb.”

Supporting Rabin’s policies would stand Gantz in good stead as he seeks to form a Government of National Unity and – failing that – in any upcoming election that would hopefully end Israel’s current precarious political situation.


PMW: Dead ISIS leader Al-Baghdadi was a US “pawn” and Israel and ISIS are “twins” - according to the PA
While most of western society saw the death of ISIS leader and arch-terrorist Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi as a positive development in the war on terrorism, the Palestinian Authority chose to outrageously claim that Al-Baghdadi was a US "pawn" and ISIS a US creation - a terror organization only paralleled by Israel.

Muwaffaq Matar, a Fatah Revolutionary Council member and regular columnist for the official PA daily, presented a venomous PA manifest against the US:
"They [the US] killed their pawn, who they planted in the open borderless territories of Iraq and Syria after they created an organization-state of barbarity, terror, and racism, for which they chose the name 'the Islamic State.'" [Official PA daily Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Oct. 29, 2019]

But dealing with ISIS is not enough as it only amounts to "cutting off the tail of the monster," Matar stated, arguing that the monster's head - Israel - is yet to be fought:
"[The elimination of Al-Baghdadi] was tantamount to a strong blow that has cut off the tail of the monster of terror. However, this monster has a head, and in it is a brain that is capable of growing a different tail and wings... The occupation, settlement, terror, racism, crimes against humanity, and rebellion against UN laws and conventions have a state. They named it 'Israel' and established it on the land of Palestine, which is the Palestinian people's historical and natural right."

Comparing Israel to ISIS, Matar stated that in practice ISIS and Israel are identical:
"This [ISIS] is an organization that, in regard to its crimes, there is nothing similar to it in the modern history of the region except for a defective, colonialist, settling, occupying, and racist state for which they chose the name 'the State of Israel.' The heads of large states in the world have said that the elimination of Al-Baghdadi is not the end of ISIS' terror - and this is correct! - but not one of them referred to their responsibility and their state's responsibility to drain the greatest, deepest, and most dangerous swamp of terror for the region and the world: the defective and racist State of Israel. We know... that the Muslim Brotherhood organization... is essentially a twin of the Zionist movement."
MEMRI: Chicago Islamic Scholar Omar Baloch: Israel Arms And Trains ISIS, Uses It To Destabilize The Region, Advance Its Plans For 'Greater Israel,' Alienate Muslims From Concepts Of Jihad, Islamic State
Chicago Islamic Scholar Omar Baloch said in a video he uploaded to his YouTube channel on September 11, 2019 that Islamic State (ISIS) is now fighting the Taliban in Afghanistan because "you will always find ISIS in places that are running a Zionist agenda [for] Greater Israel." He said that Israel created ISIS in order to weaken Muslims by alienating them from ideas like an Islamic state, Jihad, and Muslim unity, without which he said Islam would not be the same. Showing pictures of ISIS fighters, Baloch said that the weaponry, uniforms, and training that ISIS has are evidence that it is trained and armed by Israel, and he predicted that Israel will use ISIS to destabilize Pakistan and Kashmir. He added that Israel is "working on Kashmir" by means of India's actions in the region and that Israel intends to do to the Kashmiris what it did do to the Palestinians.

According to the Facebook page of the Furqaan Institute of Quranic Education (FIQE), Sheikh Omar Baloch was born in Chicago and is the scholar in residence at the Al-Furqaan Foundation, of which FIQE is a division. The Facebook page also says that Baloch studied at Georgetown University, at Al-Azhar University in Egypt, at Jamia Thul Ahlul Hadith in Pakistan. For more about Sheikh Omar Baloch, see MEMRI TV Clip No. 7053 Illinois-Based Sheikh Omar Baloch: Islamic Relief Organizations Should Promote the Caliphate as the Long-Term Solution to Humanitarian Problems.

"You Will Always Find ISIS In Places That Are Running A Zionist Agenda, The Agenda For Greater Israel"

Sheikh Omar Baloch: "All of a sudden, guess what? ISIS is in Afghanistan and ISIS is killing Taliban.
[...]
"You will always find ISIS in places that are running a Zionist agenda, the agenda for Greater Israel."



NGO Monitor: Key Takeaways from the Supreme Court’s Omar Shakir (HRW) Decision
Like the lower court, the Supreme Court paints a clear picture of Shakir’s BDS activism, from when he founded a pro-BDS student group in 2006 through his present employment at HRW. During this time, he has been a consistent and ardent supporter of BDS (see NGO Monitor’s extensive material submitted in its filings and which was cited in the courts’ decisions). In the words of Justice Yael Wilner (in a short addendum to the main decision), “The statements [made by Omar Shakir and presented] above are definitely calls to boycott entities that operate in Israel and Judea and Samaria, only because of their connection to Israel or an area under its control — each one (statement) individually, all the more so when taken together. It seems to me that there cannot be a substantive argument about this.”

Pro-BDS activists often use the rhetoric of “human rights” and “international law” to justify their discriminatory campaigns, but such rhetoric does not legitimize the boycotts. The Entry into Israel Law, Amendment 28 (2017) applies specifically to boycott calls that are based on a company’s connections to Israel or an area under its control, not to circumstances when the company in question has undertaken problematic activities.

Even though the judges recognize there can be gray areas, Shakir’s activity unquestionably falls within the criteria of the law. Shakir rejects in total the presence of Israeli entities in the West Bank, and his calls for BDS are in opposition to their identity as Israelis, not because of any specific human rights violation.

Contrary to claims from Shakir’s lawyers and Amnesty International (which joined the case in an amicus capacity), denying Shakir’s work visa will not adversely affect human rights NGOs that want to send representatives to Israel to criticize Israel’s policies. This is because Shakir’s involvement in BDS is so egregious.

The Court firmly rejected a key argument from Shakir’s lawyers. They tried to argue that Shakir’s personal BDS activity ended upon his employment at HRW, at which point all his expressions should be attributed to HRW as an organization. Since HRW is not on the Israeli government’s list of “BDS organizations,” Shakir’s activity as an HRW employee should be granted “immunity” from the Entry into Israel Law. In sharp contradiction, the Court determined that he is responsible for his public statements, especially those on his private Twitter account.
Shakir’s BDS is insufficient to trigger a listing of HRW as a “BDS organization” because HRW is a large international NGO with myriad activities having nothing to do with Israel. This is not a reflection on Shakir’s status as a BDS activist or HRW’s anti-Israel advocacy.
Honest Reporting: No Room For BDS Within Human Rights
Omar Shakir is Human Right's Watch (HRW) representative for Israel and Palestine. HRW is notorious for appointing anti-Israel staff and after a long investigation, Israel's Supreme Court have denied Shakir's visa extension. They have asked him to leave the country due to his clear involvement with Boycott movement against Israel.

Israel's law of denying entry to those that are involved with the hateful BDS movement is controversial, but the one thing that everyone is certain of: there is no room for BDS within human rights.




UK Paper Fails to Challenge the Lies of HRW’s Omar Shakir
The Guardian is adept at amplifying, and failing to critically scrutinize, the unsubstantiated claims and accusations of anti-Israel NGOs, and its recent article about the Israeli Supreme Court decision on Human Right Watch (HRW)’s regional director Omar Shakir — a longtime BDS activist — follows this pattern.

First, as we predicted in a tweet before the article by Oliver Holmes (“Israel can deport Human Rights Watch official, court rules,” Nov. 5) was published, the piece uncritically cites Shakir’s unhinged response to the court’s decision:
Shakir wrote on Twitter that if he was kicked out, Israel would join the ranks of Iran, North Korea, and Egypt in blocking access to Human Rights Watch staff. “We won’t stop. And we won’t be the last,” he said.

The truth is that democracies all over the world reserve the right to deny entry to those seen as intent on harming the state. Moreover, there are in excess of 350 NGOs (such as HRW) operating freely in Israel, even those who continually delegitimize the country, support BDS, and even reject Israel’s right to exist as a Jewish state.

The denial of a work visa to one employee of one of these NGOs — after careful consideration by the country’s internationally respected Supreme Court — wouldn’t even minimally change the democratic nature of Israel. The human rights organization Freedom House continually ranks Israel as the only truly free and democratic country in the region, and the suggestion that this status will change due merely to the Supreme Court’s decision on Shakir’s work visa is risible.

In a subsequent paragraph in the article, Holmes makes the following claim about the broader effort by Israel to fight BDS — a movement, let’s remember, whose leaders oppose the continued existence of a Jewish state:
BBC News report uncritically amplifies political NGO’s talking points
On the afternoon of November 5th the BBC News website published a report on its ‘Middle East’ page which was presented to audiences with a ‘halo effect’ reference to a “rights activist”.

The report itself (tagged, inter alia, ‘human rights’) is headlined “Israel court rejects Human Rights Watch activist’s deportation appeal” and the caption under the photograph at the top of the article reads:
“Omar Shakir said he had not called for a boycott of Israel during his time at Human Rights Watch”

Obviously the BBC did not fact-check that claim from the person it had already flagged up as a “rights activist” (i.e. good) before amplifying it.

Had it done so, it would know that analysis of Tweets sent from Shakir’s personal Twitter account between June 2018 and February 2019 by NGO Monitor shows that 16% of those Tweets focused on BDS campaigns against Booking.com and TripAdvisor and additional Tweets supported a UN “blacklist” of businesses operating in Judea & Samaria.

45% of the BBC article’s word count is devoted to uncritical amplification of talking points from Omar Shakir (including a link to a Tweet) and his employer ‘Human Rights Watch’, including the following claim:
Updated Reuters Falsely Reports That Israel Has Criminalized BDS
In an article yesterday about the ruling by Israel's High Court to uphold the government's decision not to renew the visa of Human Rights Watch's Omar Shakir on account of his ongoing anti-Israel BDS (boycott, divest, sanctions) activity, Reuters incorrectly reports that Israel has "criminalized" BDS.
In "Israel's top court upholds deportation of Human Rights Watch official," Jeffrey Heller erroneously reports:
Israel says [Shakir] supports the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement which it has criminalized.

It has lobbied Western powers to follow suit, and Shakir’s case was a test for its anti-boycott legislation.


Israel's anti-BDS legislation treats calls for BDS as a civil, not criminal offense. Specifically, the 2011 "Law for Prevention of Damage to the State of Israel Through Boycott," as amended by the Supreme Court, allows businesses that have suffered economic harm as a result of such boycotts to sue for civil damages. There is no criminal component.

UPDATE, 8 am EST, Nov. 6: Reuters Corrects
In response to communication from CAMERA, Reuters commendably corrected the article to make clear that promotion of BDS in Israel is a civil matter, not criminal.
INSS: Russia in the Middle East: A Higher Gear or Media Buzz?
Recent weeks have featured Russia's expanded diplomatic activity in the Middle East following its longstanding involvement in the Syrian civil war. With the reduced U.S. military presence in northern Syria, the image of Russia as the leading power in the region was strengthened.

To what extent does this image of Russia reflect reality? Russia's intensive diplomatic activity in the region reflects Moscow's desire to fill the breach left by the U.S, but it does not represent a change in the balance of power between the global powers in the region. The U.S., should it choose to do so, still has the ability to challenge Moscow and upset Russia's achievements in almost every part of the region.

Russian analyst Fyodor Lukyanov, echoing the official position, stressed that Russia does not view the situation in Syria as a zero sum game with the U.S.

The political process to resolve the conflict in Syria, which was resumed on Oct. 30 in Geneva, is not under Moscow's control. The Russian attempt (2017-2019) to promote a resolution in cooperation with Turkey and Iran through the Astana Process did not succeed, and Moscow is now forced to return to the Geneva track, which is under UN control, and over which the West has veto power.

The U.S. still holds very strong cards in Syria - territorial (most of the Kurdish zone and the al-Tanf region); political (veto rights over the Geneva process); military deterrence; and economic (sanctions and preventing aid for rebuilding Syria). Beyond Syria, Russia at this stage has limited influence on regional states. U.S. allies in the Middle East are not rushing to the Russian side.
Russia captures advanced Israeli missile interceptor in Syria - report
An advanced Israeli surface-to-air missile that was fired from the David's Sling (formerly known as the Magic Wand) missile system was given to Russia by Syria, when it was found intact after the rocket did not explode on contact, according to Russian media sources.

The rocket was reportedly fired on July 23, 2018, and Syrian forces that were dispatched to the scene found the missile intact after it sustained minor damage from impact. The missile was then taken to a Syrian-Russian base where it was transferred to Moscow for further research.

David’s Sling was developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and American defense contractor Raytheon. The system is designed to intercept enemy planes, drones, medium- to long-range rockets and cruise missiles and the newest generation of tactical ballistic missiles at low altitude.

The system forms the middle layer of air defense systems between the Iron Dome and the Arrow 2 and Arrow 3 missile defense systems.

Russian media reports quoted Chinese news agency Sina saying that the missile was taken by Russia for “reverse engineering.”
Israeli Deputy FM: We have sent humanitarian aid to Kurds
Israel will help the Kurds in any way it can, Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely said in the Knesset on Wednesday.

The deputy foreign minister added that she cannot go into detail about how Israel aids the Kurds, because doing so can hurt their cause.

“Israel has received many requests for aid in diplomatic and humanitarian matters. We are aiding them in various channels,” Hotovely said, in response to a motion to the Knesset’s agenda on the situation of the Kurds in Syria.

In addition, the Foreign Ministry has helped non-governmental organizations send humanitarian aid to the Kurds.

Hotovely recounted that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu “condemned the Turkish invasion of northern Syria and warned against ethnic cleansing of the Kurds,” and that Israel conveyed “our truth about the Kurds in a continuing dialogue with the US.”

Israel’s support for the Kurds is based on “historic ties… [and] shared and varied interests,” she added. “There are many Kurdish Jews in Israel who maintained ties with their place of origin. Kurds are a moderate and pro-Western factor in the Middle East.”
Israel says UNRWA chief’s stepping aside shows ‘deep’ change needed
Israel called on the United Nations agency for Palestinian refugees to release in full its findings of alleged mismanagement at the organization, following an announcement that its leader was taking an indefinite leave of absence.

The agency, known as UNRWA, said Wednesday the findings of a probe into alleged abuses of power among top management “relate specifically to the commissioner general” Pierre Krahenbuhl.

The Foreign Ministry said reports on alleged mismanagement at UNRWA lend credence to its criticism of the agency and called for a full release of the probe’s findings.

“The reports reinforce Israel’s claims that a deep and fundamental change is needed in the agency’s operating model,” it said in a statement.

The ministry charged that under Krahenbuhl, UNWRA has become more politicized, “the deficit has ballooned” and the agency’s model was increasingly unsustainable.

“The suspension of Krahenbuhl is a first step in a long process needed to eliminate corruption, increase transparency and prevent politicization in the agency,” it said.

It also called on donor states to consider a new operating model for UNRWA and said recent events showed the agency’s mandate should not be automatically renewed three years from now.




Two Jordanians Detained by Israel Return Home After Handover Deal
Two Jordanians, whose detention without charge by Israel led Jordan to recall its ambassador, returned home on Wednesday in a handover deal that defused a diplomatic crisis, officials said.

Hiba Labadi, 24, was arrested in August after crossing into the West Bank to attend a family wedding. She subsequently went on a hunger strike and was hospitalized after her health deteriorated.

Separately, Abdul Rahman Miri, 29, was arrested in September after he also entered the West Bank to visit relatives.

Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi said on Monday the two would return to Jordan “before the end of the week” without saying how their release had been secured.

Safadi however said King Abdullah had ordered the government to do everything necessary to bring them back “whatever that may cost.”

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office said the handover was agreed after talks between Israeli and Jordanian security chiefs. It said Jordan’s ambassador would return to his post “in the coming days.”
The Coming Collapse of Lebanon Is a Crisis for Israel
It is imperative that the United States and Israel’s other allies ensure that Lebanon does not become another Afghanistan — a terror group masquerading as a state. This is a real danger now, and Israel is gravely imperiled by it. America — and all well-meaning peoples — must continue to isolate Hezbollah and its slave government in Lebanon until sanity and civilization return to “the Paris of the Middle East.”

The government and infrastructure of Lebanon are dominated by the Shiite terrorist group Hezbollah, which has already dispatched gangs of thugs to drive masses of demonstrators from the streets of major cities like Beirut and Tyre. The government of Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri has resigned due to enormous street protests over his utter mismanagement and corruption.

Israel should be worried, because Hezbollah, with its economic and political power threatened, could lash out at its neighbor to the south as a unifying distraction for its outraged citizenry. A repeat of Hezbollah’s terror-missile war of 2006 would be a far more lethal version of that earlier conflict, which aimed to eradicate the “Zionist entity” on Lebanon’s southern frontier.

Since Hezbollah is a wholly owned subsidiary of Iran and Iran’s terrorist Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Iran can be expected to play a key role in Lebanese affairs at this critical juncture. And where Iran gets involved, Israel becomes the ultimate target.
Israeli and Palestinian firefighters practice saving lives together
Israeli and Palestinian firefighters took part in a joint fire-fighting exercise in Rishon Lezion on Tuesday, according to the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT).

The exercise, held at the Rishon Lezion Firefighting and Rescue School and led by the head of the facility, trained the visiting Palestinian firefighters to handle a number of various real-life situations using a simulator. The Israeli firefighters were trained to speak Arabic throughout these life-threatening situations.

Within the scenarios practiced, the joint exercise included real-life situations such as dealing with fires inside buildings and vehicles, as well as efficient ways to rescue casualties or those in need from blocked or closed off areas.

In part of the blossoming professional relationship between the Palestinian and Israeli commissions, the commander of the Palestinian Civil Defense met with the commissioner of the Israeli Fire and Rescue Authority in the commissioner’s office to discuss firefighting innovations, future collaborations and the importance of the joint work between the two governments.

“The close cooperation between Israeli firefighters and Palestinian firefighters is of great importance in the field,” civilian officer Lt.-Col. Samir said. “Thanks to the combination of forces, we have the ability to work together to improve the skills and the proficiency of both Israeli and Palestinian firefighters alike. This collaboration has yielded fruit in the past and continues to bring positive results every time. Therefore, we will continue to work in order to strengthen and improve it, with a clear purpose – to save human lives together.”
Fatah Official Says PA Chief Abbas, Soon to Turn 85, Won’t Run for Re-Election
Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas will not run for re-election, senior Fatah official Jibril Rajoub told Palestine TV on Monday.

Rajoub’s announcement contradicted Hussein al-Sheikh, who recently said that Abbas is Fatah’s only candidate in the next presidential election.

“President Abbas is the only candidate of Fatah and honorable Palestinians,” stated Sheikh.

“Let us make him the sheikh of the tribe and the spiritual father of the democratic process,” said Rajoub. “In two months, President Abbas will celebrate his 85th birthday.”

In a speech in September at the annual UN General Assembly, Abbas said he will call for “general elections” in the West Bank, Gaza and eastern Jerusalem.

Abbas is currently in the 14th year of a four-year term.

A date for the Palestinian elections has yet to be determined.
Hamas and Islamic Jihad reject Abbas’s terms for Palestinian elections
Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) have rejected Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’s terms for holding elections for the PA's parliament and president, Ynet reported on Wednesday.

The chairman of the Palestinian Central Elections Commission (CEC), Hanna Nasir, arrived in the Gaza Strip on Sunday for talks with leaders of Hamas and other Palestinian factions on Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’s plans to hold parliamentary elections in the coastal enclave, the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

According to Ynet, Hamas and PIJ, which are not members of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, rejected the clause stating that the elections must be held in accordance with the Election Basic Law, which requires recognizing the agreements signed by the PLO to be able to run.

The organizations require a meeting between the factions to define the terms for new elections; only after a consensus is reached, a presidential order for elections would be issued.

A Palestinian parliamentary election was last held in 2006. The following year, Hamas carried out a violent takeover in the Gaza Strip and has been in power in the coastal enclave ever since.
Abbas bans child marriage, with some legal exemptions
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has issued a decision barring Palestinian teenagers from marrying before they turn 18 years old, unless they receive an exemption from a religious court and a top legal official.

The official PA news site Wafa reported earlier this week that Abbas made the decision, but did not say when.

In the West Bank, Palestinian law previously mandated that a female must be 15 years old and a male 16 years old to be eligible to marry, according to Suna Nassar, the PA Women’s Affairs Ministry’s legal adviser. Comparatively, in the Gaza Strip, it had held that a female must be 17 years old and a male 18, she said in a phone call.

The PA controls the West Bank, whereas Hamas rules Gaza. Hamas has not said publicly whether it will enforce Abbas’s decision.

A 2018 PA Central Bureau of Statistics report found that 10.8 percent of women in 2017 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip aged 20-24 had married before turning 18.

In contrast, the report determined that in 1997, 30.3% of women in the West Bank and Gaza who were then between 20 and 24 married before reaching 18.


Hamas Relying on Qatari Funds in Gaza Strip
Qatar warned Hamas, the Palestinian militant group running the Gaza Strip, that it could cease providing funds and aid to the area in 2020. This warning, as Middle East Monitor reports citing Hezbollah-linked Al Akhbar newspaper, came from Qatari envoy Mohammed El-Emadi. El-Emadi reportedly told Hamas and other Gaza factions that Doha had complications with renewing the funding.


Arab Spring 2.0
Moreover, what makes the demonstrations in Lebanon and Iraq unique and gives them historical dimension is that they cross the sectarian, religious and party lines, and demand a change in the structure of government, which currently perpetuates these divisions and prevents unity.

This is unheard of for Lebanon, where political power is divided according to the prominence of the various sectors in society, or for Iraq, where the majority of the population is Shiite. In both countries, protesters have made it clear that they would not settle for the mere resignation of the prime minister (Lebanese Prime Minister Said Hariri has already resigned), nor with reforms that would preserve the current and corrupt system of power.

Although economic hardship and the desire to eradicate corruption are the main issues driving the demonstrations in Lebanon and Iraq, Tehran is up in arms over them. Both countries are of paramount importance in the process of "exporting" the Iranian revolution, both play a key role in repelling external attacks on Iran, and both are used as the base of operations from which Iran can use proxies to attack potential enemies.

In Lebanon, this task falls to Hezbollah and in Iraq, it is the work of pro-Iranian militias. Therefore, any threat to the internal stability in Iraq and Lebanon could undermine Iran's security and military strategy.

Tehran is also concerned that the Iranian people may catch the protest "bug," as they did in 2009 and in 2017.

The prospect of the second round of the Arab Spring in Lebanon and Iraq being more successful than its predecessor is unclear. Replacing the political system in Arab countries is no simple matter, and rulers do not give up their seats easily. But the Iranians already feel threatened by this – just as much as they feel threatened by the devastating economic sanctions the US has imposed on them.

It may very well be that Tehran's decision to renew uranium enrichment sought to distract from the internal problems of the protests in Iraq and Lebanon are creating for it. The ayatollahs much prefer the Iranian people focus on the "real" enemy that on their own plights.
FIFA: Iraq 'unsafe' to host World Cup qualifying matches
FIFA says Iraq is not safe enough to host World Cup qualifying games against Iran and Bahrain.

FIFA says it asked the Iraq soccer federation "to nominate a neutral venue" for the matches on Nov. 14 and 19.

The games were to be played in Basra, the southern city which hosted Iraq's return last month to playing competitive games at home.

Iraq has rarely staged home games since the 1980s because of security concerns.

Turmoil in Iraq in recent weeks has been fueled by economic problems and dissatisfaction with Iran's political influence on its neighbor.
Iran shaves weeks off breakout time, but isn’t tearing up nuclear pact yet
The ongoing game of brinkmanship between Tehran and Washington has entered a new, potentially dangerous level, with Iran restarting uranium enrichment at its Fordo nuclear facility and also announcing it was raising the level of this enrichment, up to five percent.

These two decisions represent a distinctly shocking and provocative move by the Islamic Republic, but they also remain easily reversible, experts say, as Iran attempts to bully its way toward financial relief while keeping just shy of prompting European countries to call for a so-called snapback of broader international sanctions.

The transformation of the Fordo Fuel Enrichment Plant, which is buried deep under a mountain in Iran’s Qom district, from a uranium enrichment facility to one used for other, non-nuclear purposes was a key provision of the 2015 nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

The heavily fortified Fordo was originally built and operated in secret by Iran, until it was exposed by Western intelligence services, including Israel’s, and ultimately acknowledged by Tehran in 2009 to great international criticism. The facility is widely regarded as having been built for the explicit purpose of producing highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons far enough underground that it couldn’t be destroyed in a military strike.
US accuses Iran of ‘nuclear extortion’ as Tehran expands enrichment at key plant
The United States accused Iran on Tuesday of “nuclear extortion” and vowed no let-up in pressure after the clerical regime said it would resume uranium enrichment at the key Fordo plant.

“Iran has no credible reason to expand its uranium enrichment program, at the Fordo facility or elsewhere, other than a clear attempt at nuclear extortion that will only deepen its political and economic isolation,” a State Department spokesperson said.

“We will continue to impose maximum pressure on the regime until it abandons its destabilizing behavior, including proliferation-sensitive work.”

The comments came hours after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu vowed to “never let Iran develop nuclear weapons.”

”Iran expands its aggression everywhere. It seeks to envelop Israel. It seeks to threaten Israel. It seeks to destroy Israel,” Netanyahu said at an event in Jerusalem.

Iran has regularly threatened to destroy Israel, and has developed ballistic missiles believed in the West to be intended to carry nuclear warheads in the future.
Macron: With new centrifuge operation, Iran is withdrawing from nuclear deal
French President Emmanuel Macron on Wednesday said Iran’s decision to resume enrichment activity at a nuclear facility meant it had withdrawn from the troubled 2015 nuclear agreement with major powers.

Iran on Wednesday said it had begun inserting uranium gas into over 1,000 centrifuges at the Fordo nuclear facility, which under the JCPOA pact had turned into a research facility with no active enrichment.

“I think that for the first time, Iran has decided in an explicit and blunt manner to leave the JCPOA (nuclear) agreement, which marks a profound shift,” Macron said at a news conference during a trip to Beijing, according to a Reuters report.

Macron called the developments a “profound change” from Tehran’s previous position and a “grave” move.

“I will have discussions in the coming days, including with the Iranians, and we must collectively draw the consequences,” Macron said.
Iran briefly held IAEA inspector, seized travel documents - diplomats
Iran briefly held an inspector working for the U.N. nuclear watchdog in the Islamic Republic and seized her travel documents, diplomats familiar with the agency’s work said on Wednesday, with some describing it as harassment.

The incident appears to be the first of its kind since Tehran’s landmark deal with major powers was struck in 2015, imposing restrictions on Iran’s nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions.

Hours after Reuters reported the incident, Iran confirmed that it had prevented an inspector from accessing its Natanz site - the heart of its uranium enrichment program - last week, because of a concern that she might be carrying “suspicious material”, according to the Fars news agency.

The episode comes at a time of heightened friction between Iran and the West, with Tehran breaching the deal’s restrictions step-by-step in response to Washington’s withdrawal from the deal and renewed sanctions. The International Atomic Energy Agency is also in transition, with a new chief taking over next month.

The incident is due to be reported on at a meeting of the IAEA’s 35-nation Board of Governors on Thursday convened at short notice to discuss “two safeguards matters” not specified in the agenda, which was circulated on Monday.
How Tehran Is Surviving U.S. Sanctions
A year ago, the U.S. kicked off a "maximum pressure" campaign against Iran. After withdrawing from the Iran nuclear deal in May 2018, in November it reimposed a raft of economic sanctions squeezing Iranian oil exports and curtailing the country's access to the international financial system.

Iran expected that other parties to the nuclear deal would help shore up its economy. But European governments could not force private companies to defy U.S. sanctions. Nor did other friendly governments - China, Russia, and India - pick up the slack. They face little pressure from the oil market to go out on a limb for Iran. Global demand is slowing, supply is abundant, and prices are low - so why risk U.S. sanctions to buy Iranian oil?

The International Monetary Fund and World Bank predict that Iran's economy will rebound from a recession to near zero percent growth in 2020. Iran's fluctuating currency, the rial, has stabilized. The Iranian economy stays afloat in part because it is diversified. In 2017, crude oil accounted for 43% of Iranian exports, so Iran's service, agricultural, and non-oil industrial sectors were able to cushion the blow from the collapse of oil revenues under sanctions.

Moreover, the government can draw upon its $100 billion of reserves to cover any gaps and to ensure the continued strong social spending that Iranians expect.
2 Iranians accused of spying on Jewish, Israeli targets in US plead guilty
Two Iranians who were charged with collecting information on Israeli and Jewish targets in the US and on opponents of the Iranian regime have pleaded guilty to acting on behalf of Tehran, the US Justice Department announced Tuesday.

Ahmadreza Mohammadi-Doostdar, 39, a dual US-Iranian citizen, and Majid Ghorbani, 60, an Iranian citizen and resident of California, were arrested last year.

“The Iranian government thought it could get away with conducting surveillance on individuals in the United States by sending one of its agents here to task a permanent resident with conducting and collecting that surveillance,” said Jessie K. Liu, United States Attorney for the District of Columbia.

Doostdar is scheduled to be sentenced on December 17 and Ghorbani will receive his sentence on January 15.

As part of his plea, Doostdar admitted he traveled to the United States from Iran on three occasions to meet with Ghorbani and to convey directions for Ghorbani’s activities on behalf of Iran.
BBC News mantra on ‘peaceful’ Iranian nuclear programme returns
Iran’s latest breach of the 2015 JCPOA was portrayed by the BBC as “rolling back another commitment” in the opening line of an article headlined “Iran nuclear deal: Uranium enrichment to resume at underground facility” which appeared on the BBC News website’s ‘Middle East’ page on November 5th.

As is inevitably the case in BBC reporting on that deal and Iran’s nuclear programme, audiences were told that:

“Iran has insisted that its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful.”

The BBC knows that in December 2015 (after the JCPOA had already been agreed) the International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA – produced a report which stated that:

“…the agency “assesses that a range of activities relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device were conducted in Iran prior to the end of 2003 as a coordinated effort, and some activities took place” up to 2009.”

The BBC also knows that in April 2018 Israel revealed documents from Iran’s nuclear archive which raised new issues. Nevertheless, it once again chose to amplify Iranian propaganda but not to inform readers of those relevant parts of the story.
PreOccupiedTerritory: Iran Defends Imperialism As Bulwark Against Imperialism (satire)
Officials in the Islamic Republic of Iran explain the country’s virtual takeover of Iraq and Lebanon, as well as its use of puppet militias and proxy forces in Syria and Yemen, among others, as a defense against Western efforts to take over Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and other Middle East states, regime sources reported today.

Representatives of various government ministries and the country’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei told journalists Wednesday that the territorial integrity and political independence of countries in the region are sacrosanct, and require Iran’s protection from what they characterized as a US-led effort to exert effective control over them, protection that Iran provides in the form of taking them over and exerting effective control.

“Satanic Western imperialism will not succeed,” warned Deputy Minister of Defense Mohtin Yorai. “To counter the threat of the evil machinations of the Great Satan and its minions we have already assumed de facto control of the governments of Iraq and Lebanon, and are working to establish similar arrangements elsewhere. In the same vein we offer material and financial support to Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and other groups waging a similar fight. The Zionists and their allies will fail in their campaign to subjugate and rule the region because we will do so first.”




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11/05 Links Pt1: ‘I like your frame on this’: Warren nods as supporter claims US backs 'genocide in Palestine'; It’s Time to Close Down UNRWA; Israel’s Supreme Court rules HRW Director can be deported over BDS

 Cache   
From Ian:

‘I like your frame on this’: Warren nods as supporter claims US backs 'genocide in Palestine'
Elizabeth Warren nodded along with an attendee at her town hall event while he claimed the American military supported genocide.

The Massachusetts senator and 2020 presidential hopeful took questions from the crowd in Grinnell, Iowa, on Monday, with one attendee saying, “Right now, the United States is bombing at least seven countries. We support genocides in Palestine and in Yemen. The U.S. military is actually the biggest polluter of any organization in the world.”

He continued, “United States sanctions on Venezuela caused over 40,000 deaths, and we also have sanctions on many other countries like Iran, North Korea, and you can name many more.”

The attendee asked Warren, “I’m wondering, as president, will you stop U.S.-supported murder, whether it’s through sanctions, arms support, or boots on the ground?”

Warren responded, “I like your frame on this.”


Republican Jewish group’s campaign slams Democrats as a ‘disgrace’ — in Yiddish
The Republican Jewish Coalition on Sunday launched a $10 million campaign — an unprecedented amount in partisan Jewish advertising — with online ads depicting 2020 Democratic US presidential candidates as a “disgrace.”

Videos titled “Shanda,” Yiddish for “disgrace,” blast the Democrats for saying they would consider reducing aid to Israel.

“The radical Left has taken the reins of the Democratic Party, and their policy proposals will devastate our national security, our alliance with Israel, our economy, and our health care system,” Matt Brooks, the RJC’s executive director, said in a statement announcing the release of the 15- to 30-second ads.

The placement of the videos on Facebook, YouTube and other media will cost $50,000. Brooks confirmed to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency a report in Axios that the RJC had budgeted $10 million for its 2020 efforts.

In the spots, “leading Democrats” are accused of “turning their back” on Israel. They show House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, who is Jewish.





It’s Time to Close Down UNRWA
UNRWA’s top official, Commissioner-General Pierre Krähenbühl, was accused of appointing as an adviser a woman with whom he was romantically involved. The pair traveled on business class flights across the globe. Deputy Commissioner-General Sandra Mitchell was accused of bullying and of manipulating the system to find a well-paid job for her spouse, Robert Langridge, who was promoted. Chief of Staff Hakam Shahwan was accused of behaving like a thug, placing people loyal to him in positions of power, and lobbying to take over UNRWA operations in Jerusalem.

Perhaps not surprisingly in view of the above, the agency has adopted a culture of secrecy about itself. It employs about 30,000 people (compared to the UNHCR’s 11,000 for the rest of the world’s 17 million refugees and displaced persons). Most of its staff are Palestinians and many are known members of Hamas (indeed, Hamas membership helps one get a UN job). Peter Hansen, UNRWA’s former Commissioner-General (1996–2005), admitted in an interview with CBS that there are Hamas members on the UNRWA payroll. For example, the chairman of UNRWA’s Palestinian workers’ union, Suhail al-Hindi, is a member of Hamas’ new political leadership.

Retired IDF Col. Yoni Fighel, a former military governor in the territories, notes that as long as UNRWA employees are members of Hamas, they are going to pursue the interests of that organization within the framework of their job.

The agency was threatened with closure after the Trump administration implemented severe cuts following reports that proved rockets had been hidden inside UNRWA schools. UN Secretary-General António Guterres, who sat on the ethics findings for months, claims he is “committed to acting swiftly on the corruption allegations.”

The UN originally made clear that UNRWA’s mandate would be short-term, indicating that the refugee issue should be solved expeditiously through repatriation or resettlement. In the words of former UN Secretary-General Trygve Lie, “The refugees will lead an independent life in countries that have sheltered them. Except for the ‘hardcore’ cases, the refugees will no longer be maintained by an international organization as they are at present. They will be integrated into the economic system of the countries of asylum and will themselves provide for their own needs and those of their families.”

Palestinian residents of Arab states — all of whom are considered refugees by UNRWA — should become citizens of those states, as they are in Jordan.


Israel’s Supreme Court rules HRW Director can be deported over BDS
In a landmark anti-BDS ruling the High Court of Justice has paved the way for Israel to deport Human Rights Watch’s local director Omar Shakir for his support of boycott activity against Israel.

Human Rights Watch is weighing an appeal to a larger judicial panel of the verdict by a three judges. If not appeal is lodged, Shakir could be asked to leave the country within 20-day.

The ruling is a victory for those who hold that advocates of the Boycott, Sanctions and Divestment Movement are acting against the state and are not engaged in legitimate criticism of Israel. Opponents view it as part of a movement to suppress human rights advocacy in Israel.

Shakir, who is a US citizen, immediately tweeted that if the HCJ decision is upheld, Israel will “join ranks of Iran, N Korea & Egypt in blocking access for @hrw official. We wont stop. And we wont be the last.”

Minister for Strategic Affairs Gilad Erdan [Likud] expressed his satisfaction over the verdict.

"I applaud the decision of the Supreme Court that accepted my Ministry and the Interior Minister's position that a work visa should not be given to a foreign boycott activist who wants to harm Israel and its citizens," he said in a statement.

"Omar Shakir is a BDS activist who took advantage of his stay in Israel to harm it, something no sane country would allow. Israel sees great importance in the activities of real human rights organizations, granting hundreds of visas every year to human rights activists. HRW is welcome to appoint another representative in Israel in place of Shakir if it chooses to do so," he added.
NGO Monitor: Resource Page on Omar Shakir (HRW) Court Case
On November 5, 2019, the Supreme Court rejected Shakir’s appeal and upheld the ruling of the Lower Court that his work visa will not be renewed.

In October 2016, Human Rights Watch (HRW) hired Omar Shakir to serve as its “Israel and Palestine Country Director.” Shakir has been a consistent supporter of a one-state framework and advocate for BDS (boycotts, divestment, sanctions) campaigns, fitting the longstanding HRW practice of hiring anti-Israel activists to serve in key positions relating to Israel.

In May 2018, due to Shakir’s BDS ties, the Israeli Ministry of Interior chose not to renew his work visa. HRW and Shakir have been challenging this decision in Israeli courts. In April 2019, he lost his case in the Jerusalem District Court and immediately appealed to the Israeli Supreme Court. The hearing took place on September 24, 2019. While Shakir regularly assails Israel for its “lack of democracy,” in fact, the Israeli courts allowed him to remain in the country during his appeal process despite having no obligation to do so.

Omar Shakir’s background and history of anti-Israel activity exemplifies the organization’s troubling ideological approach to Israel and retreat from the universal principles of human rights.1


Guardian fails to challenge the lies of HRW’s Omar Shakir
The Guardian is adept at amplifying, and failing to critically scrutinise, the unsubstantiated claims and accusations of anti-Israel NGOs, and today’s article about the Israeli Supreme Court decision on Human Right Watch’s regional director Omar Shakir – a long time BDS activist – follows this pattern.

First, as we predicted in a tweet before the article by Oliver Holmes (“Israel can deport Human Rights Watch official, court rules”, Nov. 5th) was published, the piece uncritically cites Shakir’s simply unhinged response to the court’s decision:
Shakir wrote on Twitter that if he was kicked out, Israel would join the ranks of Iran, North Korea and Egypt in blocking access to Human Rights Watch staff. “We won’t stop. And we won’t be the last,” he said.

The truth is that democracies all over the world reserve the right to deny entry to those seen as intent on harming the state. Moreover, there are in excess of 350 NGOs (such as HRW) operating freely in Israel, even those who continually deligitimise the state, support BDS and even reject Israel’s right to exist as a Jewish state.

The denial of a work visa to one employee of one of these NGOs – after careful consideration by the country’s internationally respected supreme court – wouldn’t even minimally change the democratic nature of Israel. The human rights organisation Freedom House continually ranks Israel as the only truly free and democratic country in the region, and the suggestion that this status will change due merely to the supreme court’s decision on Shakir’s work visa is risible.

In a subsequent paragraph in the article, Holmes makes the following claim about the broader effort by Israel to fight BDS – a movement, let’s remember, whose leaders oppose the continued existence of a Jewish state.
'A unity government is dead, and Israel is on its way to a 3rd election'
There is virtually no chance, and if there is no dramatic breakthrough in negotiations, Israel will be facing its third general election in a year, senior political officials from the Likud, Blue and White, Yisrael Beytenu, and the New Right were saying Monday.

According to one official, the two sides are farther apart than ever, particularly since Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's spokespeople were questioned by police last week.

The same official said that Blue and White was waiting for Attorney General Avichai Mendelblit to decide whether or not to indict Netanyahu. Mendelblit is expected to make his decision in early December. For Blue and White, even if Mendelblit were to drop the count of bribery, any indictment would be the final nail in the coffin of any possibility of forming a government with Netanyahu, he explained.

On the other hand, the official said, Netanyahu wants to remain prime minister, even if he is indicted. Therefore, he will not step down, and will apparently retain the support of the Likud and the smaller right-wing parties when and if he is under indictment.

The official said that as of Monday night, it was clear that neither the Likud nor the right-wing bloc would oust Netanyahu and would prefer to hold a third election, even at their detriment.

He also said that Blue and White leader Benny Gantz's position was shaky and even if he wanted to adopt the compromise put forth by President Reuven Rivlin, he would not be able to negotiate it.

"A unity government is dead, and Israel is on its way to a third election," the official said.
Sderot youth challenge MKs to take up their cause
In the middle of Sderot, near the Gaza border, 120 chairs sat empty on a lawn on Sunday, waiting for MKs to fill them.

The chairs were set up by young residents of Sderot to represent the 120 MKs who they say they feel abandoned them as rockets continue to be fired at them from Gaza on a regular basis, including on Friday.

“Elections are important and coalition negotiations are important,” organizers wrote. “Even investigations are important, recordings are important, indictments are important. And also a memorial ceremony [for former prime minister Yitzhak Rabin] is important.”

“Hey, how did we forget?” they continued. “A plane for the prime minister is important and so are demonstrations outside the attorney-general’s house, but wait, rockets on the residents of the South are not a little important.”

The residents said they’re sick of promises that are not being fulfilled.

“After a Shabbat full of fireworks in the sky, after the horror show organized by terrorists on the other side of the fence, we decided to stop being quiet.”

Dvir Sasi, a spokesman for the protest, said: “We welcome all the MKs to come to us and explain the situation to us, and listen to us, and tell us their solution.”

What does conviction of IDF soldier mean for ICC war crimes battle?
Twenty months into the Gaza border conflict, the IDF courts issued their first conviction of a soldier for shooting one of the approximately 350 Palestinians who have been killed.

At the same time, the sentence was a mere one month of community service since the conviction was not for a more serious charge, like manslaughter, but essentially for the low-grade offense of violating the rules of engagement for opening fire.

Why was this the result, and what does all of this mean for the broader big battle before the International Criminal Court (ICC) over whether Israel’s legal system complies with international law or whether it has committed war crimes?

Official and unofficial statements from the IDF were short on details, leaving some critics to speculate about potential improper intentions.

Essentially, they said that the unnamed IDF soldier had violated open fire regulations in shooting toward the 15-year-old Palestinian Othman Helles as he was climbing the Gaza security fence, but that IDF investigators could not establish for sure one way or another whether that soldier’s bullet was the one that killed him.

What does this mean? How can the IDF know the soldier fired illegally toward Helles without knowing whether his bullet was the “kill-shot”?
JPost Editorial: Recognize the Armenian genocide
About 105 years ago, the Armenian genocide began. Members of the Armenian community living in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated at the orders of the governing authorities. As many as 1.5 million Armenians, an ethnic minority, were rounded up and murdered or deported to the deserts of Syria to die.

The Armenian genocide was well known in its time. The German military attaché to the Ottoman Empire described it as “total extermination” and other accounts provided graphic details of the horrors the survivors went through. Women were sold into slavery and raped, children were left to starve. In a prelude to the Holocaust and the crimes of ISIS, the slaughter of Armenians was an opening to a hundred years of similar mass murder events.

As a state founded in the wake of genocide, Israel knows too well what it means to be a small minority subjected to massacre and the systematic murder by a government. Like Armenians, Jews had to live as minorities under regimes such as the Germans or the Poles, enjoying “protection” so long as they did not get in the way of the state’s interests.

In late October, the US House of Representatives passed a resolution to recognize the Armenian genocide. It overwhelmingly passed with 405 votes and affirms that the US will record the genocide and provide “solemn remembrance of one of the great atrocities of the 20th century.” The US was moved to act because of recent tensions with Turkey.


Turkey protected Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Turkey protected ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi – and Trump should have known.

In his national address announcing that US Special Forces had killed Baghdadi, President Donald Trump commended Turkey while turning a blind eye to Turkey’s collusion with ISIS. While Trump thanked “the Syrian Kurds for certain support they were able to give us,” he downplayed the importance of intelligence provided by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which was critical to the mission.

We know that Turkey institutionalized support for jihadis after Syria’s President Bashar Assad attacked Syrian rebels in Ghouta using chemical weapons in September 2013, and that Turkey’s National Intelligence Agency (MIT) provided weapons, money and logistical support to jihadi groups that evolved into ISIS. Wounded ISIS warriors regularly showed up at Turkish hospitals in Gaziantep to receive medical care.

Baghdadi founded ISIS in the spring of 2014. ISIS attacked Mosul and Sinjar in June, terrorizing Yazidis and Kurds. Over five years, the so-called ISIS caliphate grew to the size of Great Britain, with eight million people under its control.

According to the SDF, “Turkey provides all kinds of support to the terrorist groups. These forces, trained and funded by Turkey, are engaged in a planned ethnic cleansing against our people.” Turkish-backed jihadis in the so-called Free Syrian Army (FSA) commit crimes on a daily basis in Turkish-occupied areas of Syria such as Afrin, Azaz, Bab, Jarablus and Idlib.
MEMRI: Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad: It Is Possible That Al-Baghdadi Has Been Kidnapped, Hidden, Or Had His Appearance Surgically Altered; Israel Has Been Behind The Scenes Throughout The War; Erdoğan Is Our Enemy
Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad was interviewed on Syria TV on October 31, 2019. He said that the extremist Wahhabi doctrine represented by Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi and ISIS will continue to exist even after ISIS is gone and that Al-Baghdadi had been released from American prisons in Syria in order to lead ISIS. Questioning whether Al-Baghdadi was really killed by the Americans, President Al-Assad suggested that he may have already been dead or that he may have been kidnapped, hidden, or had his appearance surgically altered. He said that the American operation to kill Al-Baghdadi was a trick and that American politics rely on imagination and resemble Hollywood. Later in the interview, President Al-Assad said that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is Syria's enemy and that U.S President Donald Trump is the best president America has ever had because he is transparent about American policy and America's interest in Middle Eastern oil.

In addition, President Al-Assad said that even though Turkey is occupying parts of Syria, negotiating with it would not suggest that Syria could also negotiate with Israel, because Syria does not recognize Israel as a state or the Israelis as a people the way it does Turkey and the Turks. He also said that Syria wants to gradually regain sovereignty in Kurdistan. Furthermore, President Al-Assad said that Israel's influence is ever present in Syria, that Israel's involvement in the Syrian civil war is a given even though it is not openly apparent, and that everything that has taken place in Syria has served the interests of Israel through proxies, agents, flunkies, or the United States. The English-subtitled version of the interview was uploaded to the Syrian Presidency's YouTube channel.
Halkbank Says It Will Seek Dismissal of US Indictment, Judge’s Recusal
A lawyer for Turkey’s state-owned Halkbank, which has been criminally charged by US prosecutors with helping Iran evade sanctions, said in a letter on Monday that it would seek to dismiss the case and have the judge assigned to it recuse himself.

In a letter to US District Judge Richard Berman in Manhattan, Andrew Hruska, a lawyer for Halkbank, said the bank was not agreeing to appear in court on the charges. He asked that he be allowed to represent the bank for the limited purpose of arguing the dismissal and recusal motions.

A hearing is scheduled in the case on Tuesday, and prosecutors have said they may seek a fine against Halkbank if it refuses to appear.

A spokesman for the office of Manhattan US Attorney Geoffrey Berman, which is prosecuting the case, declined to comment. Hruska did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Federal prosecutors in Manhattan brought the criminal charges against Halkbank on Oct. 16. The bank called the charges an escalation of Washington’s sanctions on Ankara over its military incursion in Syria, while Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called them an “unlawful, ugly” step.

Hruska said in Monday’s letter that the bank’s “incidental contacts with the US are insufficient to establish… jurisdiction” in the New York federal court.
Khaled Abu Toameh: Fatah official: Abbas won't seek reelection
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas is not planning to run in the next presidential election, senior Fatah official Jibril Rajoub said in an interview with Palestine TV on Monday.

Rajoub’s announcement contradicts a statement by another senior Fatah official, Hussein al-Sheikh, who recently said that the only candidate of Fatah in the presidential election will be the 84-year-old Abbas.

“President Abbas is the only candidate of Fatah and honorable Palestinians,” Sheikh said.

Rajoub, who also heads the Palestinian Football Association, described Abbas as a “national treasure.” Abbas, he revealed, does not want to run in the election, and he won’t agree to be a candidate.

“Let us make him the sheikh of the tribe and the spiritual father of the democratic process,” Rajoub said. “In two months, President Abbas will celebrate his 85th birthday.”

In September, Abbas announced in a speech before the United Nations General Assembly that he intends to call for “general elections” in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem.

Rajoub, a former head of the PA’s Preventive Security Force in the West Bank, is seen by some Palestinians as a potential successor to Abbas. However, Rajoub did not say in the interview whether he intends to present his candidacy in the presidential election.

Rajoub’s announcement that Abbas won’t seek another term in office is likely to trigger a “war of succession” between several veteran PLO and Fatah officials who see themselves as suitable candidates to succeed the PA president.

Abbas himself has not said whether he intends to contest the next election. Moreover, he still hasn’t announced a date for holding new presidential and parliamentary elections.

The last Palestinian presidential election was held in 2005, when Abbas was elected for a four-year term. The last parliamentary election, held in 2006, resulted in a Hamas victory.

Rajoub expressed hope that Abbas would set a date for the new elections before the end of this year.
PMW: “The most despicable plot” – Palestinian reactions to the anniversary of the Balfour Declaration
The Balfour Declaration of Nov. 2, 1917 was a letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Zionist leader Baron Rothschild stating that “His Majesty's government views with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.”

Every year, PA officials condemn the Balfour Declaration and seem to compete in calling it names, denying its legitimacy, and refuting the validity of Jews’ right to a national home in “Palestine” as Palestinian Media Watch has reported. This year is no exception. Here are some examples of statements by PA officials and others about Balfour’s “ominous promise”:

PA Minister of Culture Atef Abu Saif stated that the Balfour Declaration is an “invalid promise” that Britain had no right to give, and that the Jews had no right to receive. He called it “a mark of disgrace in the history of humanity” and a “historic mistake,” and predicted that Israel/the Jews will disappear like previous “invaders”:
Minister Abu Saif: “Palestine belongs to the Palestinians, and the invaders will go away as those who preceded them went away...

He added: ‘The ominous promise, in which the one giving the promise permitted giving what is not his to one who has no right, was a mark of disgrace in the history of humanity. The historic mistake will only be corrected when the right returns to its owners.’”

[Donia Al-Watan, independent Palestinian news agency, Nov. 2, 2019]


The PA claims of the illegitimacy of Britain’s actions and Israel's creation is illustrated by this image printed by the official PA daily, which shows the British and the Israeli flags in a no entry sign on the Balfour Declaration together with an image of Balfour and “Palestine”:

The PLO factions issued a joint statement on the anniversary that named the Balfour Declaration “the most despicable plot in the history of the peoples.” The PLO claimed that the “ominous promise” was the result of the convergence of interests of the “colonialist states” Britain and the US and the Zionist movement. The PLO repeated the PA claim that the colonial powers used the Jewish people as a pawn in the Middle East to gain control in the region, steal its resources, and prevent the Arab countries from developing:
Fatah: “We will defend our holy sites with our blood and our souls” “Jerusalem is ours”
Text: “The deal of the century will never pass. We will defend our holy sites with our blood and our souls” PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas: "This is not allowed. This cannot happen. This is a decisive moment, a dangerous moment for us. Our entire future is at stake. If Jerusalem is lost, what will you say afterwards?" Text: “Jerusalem is ours and you will never have a place in it” PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas: "This is a crucial moment that demands that every Palestinian present themselves immediately to quickly discuss the fate of the eternal capital [Jerusalem]. In politics: It’s the capital. In religion: It’s the capital. In geography: It’s the capital." Text: “The shining rage will uproot the tyranny from our land” PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas: "Here we are sitting, here we are remaining. We will never repeat the mistakes of the past. We will not repeat the mistakes of 1948 or the mistakes of 1967. We are remaining here – occupation, settlements, whatever – We are remaining here!" Song lyrics: "The home is ours and Jerusalem is ours" Text: “The home is ours and Jerusalem is ours. And with our hands we will liberate it, Allah willing” Text: “Fatah Al-Asifa” (The Fatah logo includes a grenade, crossed rifles, and the PA map of “Palestine” that presents all of Israel as “Palestine” together with the PA areas.) [Official Fatah Facebook page, July 28, 2019]


Khaled Abu Toameh: Hamas Joins Iranian Plan to Foil Arabs' Anti-Corruption Protests
Alnehaiwi added that the "popular revolutions against the [Iranian] occupiers and [Arab] executioners are a luminous point and milestone that will serve the interest of the Palestinian issue." Noting that Hamas did the right thing when it sided with the Syrian people in their uprising against the regime of President Bashar Assad, the political analyst said:
"Hamas may regret its support for Iran. Hamas will lose a great deal if it continues to side with Iran and stands against the people who have revolted against [Iranian] occupation and the executioners."

Such criticism, however, is unlikely to deter Hamas from pursuing its agenda of promoting Iran's interests in the region. The Arabs who are risking their lives to demand good governance and an end to corruption are now being targeted by Iran and its puppets in the Gaza Strip, Lebanon and Iraq.

It now remains to be seen whether the Arabs who have finally woken up to realize that Iran -- and not Israel -- is the real threat to their well-being will be able to keep up the momentum and continue their uprising against corruption and Iranian dominance over their countries.

By continuing to align itself with Iran, Hamas is leading its people straight toward even greater suffering. The only way for the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip to alleviate their misery is by revolting against their "leaders" in Hamas. Instead of firing rockets at Israel and demonstrating at the Gaza-Israel border, Palestinians ought to learn from their brothers in Lebanon and Iraq who their real enemies are: Iranian-backed dictators and fake Palestinian leaders, who only know how to lead their people towards further suffering.
Hamas Encouraging Youth Drug Use as Qatar Support Comes to an End
As the year comes to an end, the Gaza Strip is preparing to return to the familiar, suffocating financial crises that is sure to result from Qatar’s ending its grant to poor families. Qatari envoy in the Strip, Mohammed al-Emadi, has informed Hamas and other terror factions there that his government is having difficulties renewing the grant, Al-Akhbar reported Tuesday.

These funds did not cover all of Gaza’s poor families, and the most each lucky family received was $100 each month, but it was a reliable stopgap measure to stave off the explosion that’s sure to come without this charity. There will be two more payments until the end of 2019, Al Emadi told the local leaders, after which they are on their own.

Over the weekend, Hamas made it clear that it was blocking the security escalation with Israel and is not interested in keeping it up. But then, on Monday, Yahya Sinwar, the Hamas leader in Gaza, bragged that he had been the one to determine in recent years whether or not there would be war.

Kan 11 TV on Monday night provided a glimpse into the other wars Hamas has been waging: internal leadership wars, a cruel, Darwinian effort to literally “thin the herd” with violent border fence riots, and an unofficial operation to induce as many as 200,000 Gazan youths to using drugs, mostly hashish and opiates – to help them forget the hardships of their daily lives.
Hamas official: Egypt has barred Haniyeh from traveling abroad for past 3 years
Egyptian authorities have barred Hamas chief Ismail Haniyeh from traveling outside the Gaza Strip and Egypt for almost three years to prevent him from meeting with their political rivals, a senior official in the terror group said in an interview published Tuesday.

The last time Haniyeh traveled beyond Gaza and Egypt was in late 2016 and early 2017 before he was elected Hamas head.

“The Egyptians are not permitting the head of the politburo to travel abroad because they do no want him to meet their political rivals,” Musa Abu Marzouk, a senior official in the terror group, told Dar al-Hayat, an Arabic-language news site. “This ban [has been in place] for about the last three years.”

Hamas, which frequently meets with Egyptian intelligence officials mediating between the terror group that rules the Strip and Israel, also maintains close ties with countries that Cairo views as foes such as Qatar and Turkey.




In chilling detail, ex-envoy to US Oren warns of Israel-Iran ‘conflagration’
Former Israeli ambassador to the US Michael Oren has described in chilling detail how a conflict between Israel and Iran could easily be sparked and descend into a massive conflagration, devastating Israel and other countries in the region.

Israel is already girding for a war with the Islamic Republic, and has carried out hundreds of strikes against Iran-linked targets in Lebanon, Syria and Iraq. A single miscalculation during one of those airstrikes could draw retaliation by Iran, Oren wrote in a column published in The Atlantic on Monday.

“The senior ministers of the Israeli government met twice last week to discuss the possibility of open war with Iran,” he began. “Israeli troops, especially in the north, have been placed on war footing. Israel is girding for the worst and acting on the assumption that fighting could break out at any time. And it’s not hard to imagine how it might arrive. The conflagration, like so many in the Middle East, could be ignited by a single spark.”

An Israel Defense Forces bombing run could inadvertently hit a sensitive target, or an Israeli official could step out of line and say something to embarrass Iran following an attack, Oren wrote.

“The result could be a counterstrike by Iran, using cruise missiles that penetrate Israel’s air defenses and smash into targets like the Kiryah, Tel Aviv’s equivalent of the Pentagon. Israel would retaliate massively against Hezbollah’s headquarters in Beirut as well as dozens of its emplacements along the Lebanese border. And then, after a day of large-scale exchanges, the real war would begin,” he continued.
The Revolt Against Iran
Unsurprisingly, Iran and its allies in Iraq and Lebanon are blaming recent unrest on the usual suspects: a conspiracy of foreign actors that includes the United States, Saudi Arabia, and the Zionists.

How will this end? In 2008, civil unrest led to Hezbollah’s armed seizure of Beirut. Hezbollah and Iran have poured thousands of fighters and billions of dollars into neighboring Syria to help crush the rebellion against their Syrian ally. In 2009, Iran’s green movement protests over stolen elections finally ebbed in the face of torture, beatings, and detentions meted out by the regime. “We in Iran know how to deal with protests,” Iran’s second-most powerful man assured Iraqi officials this month. “This happened in Iran and we got it under control.”

Ten years ago, when Iran saw its largest uprising since the 1979 revolution, Obama was not only reluctant to express solidarity with Iranians, he also refused to acknowledge the rigged elections, dismissed advisers who urged active assistance, and blocked CIA resources earmarked for supporting democratic uprisings. In The Iran Wars, former Wall Street Journal reporter Jay Solomon reveals how Obama’s peculiar reticence was largely motivated by his worry that American involvement would ruin his secret overtures to Tehran in hopes of brokering an agreement. While President Trump has also expressed a desire to strike a deal with Iran, he has already retweeted two videos of Iraqi demonstrators storming the Iranian consulate in Karbala. Whether this administration is able to leverage these protests into successful policy beyond tweets remains to be seen. And perhaps more importantly, it is too early to tell whether the nascent political revolts in Lebanon and Iraq can survive the backlash from Iranian-backed militias and snipers long enough to evolve into a meaningful, organized political opposition.
Rep. Cheney to Introduce Legislation Mandating Full Dismantling of Iran Nuclear Deal
Rep. Liz Cheney (R., Wyo.) will soon introduce new legislation that would compel the Trump administration to eradicate the remaining vestiges of the landmark Iran nuclear deal, the lawmaker told the Washington Free Beacon.

Cheney's legislative effort comes as GOP hawks in Congress have launched an offensive against the Trump administration's decision to again grant Iran sanctions waivers that permit it to conduct sensitive nuclear work, including at an underground bunker site that once housed the regime's atomic weapons program.

The legislation is yet another sign of mounting frustration among hawkish Republicans over the Trump administration's mixed signals on Iran. Critics allege the administration is backtracking on its own "maximum pressure" campaign on Iran in order to preserve possible diplomacy with Tehran down the road.

The Free Beacon reported last week that the Trump administration's State Department had signed off on the nuclear waivers, despite public and private pressure from anti-Iran voices on Capitol Hill. The debate marks one of the clearest divides yet between typically faithful Trump administration supporters in Congress and those inside the administration.

Cheney told the Free Beacon that the waivers have helped legitimize Iran's nuclear infrastructure and paved a way for it to continue working on sensitive nuclear issues with help from countries such as China and Russia.
The Islamic Zealots Who Seized U.S. Embassy 40 Years Ago Today Weren't 'Students'
These were first and foremost religious zealots blindly following the will of clerics (Ali Khamenei and Mousavi Khoeini among them) who often visited the hostages, too. Many attended Amir Kabir University, "strictly allied with Khomeini and the new Mullah establishment," according to Mark Bowden in Guests of the Ayatollah (2006). As Bowden puts it, they "were all committed to a formal Islamic state and were allied, some of them by family, with the clerical power structure around Khomeini."

Bruce Laingen, who was the chargé d'affaires at the embassy, wrote in his journal that Khoeni was "the clerical link with the 'students' at the embassy since the day of the seizure and . . . the link before that, too, in the planning for the seizure." On July 21, 1980, he wrote with certainty that Khoeni was Khomeini's "liaison with the 'students' of the embassy" and that there "can be no question of the extent to which the clerical forces are solidly in control."

The term "students" was inaccurate and misleading in 1979, and it is all the more so now. After four decades, the time has come finally to get it right.


40 Years On: How US-Iran Hostility Affects the World Today
With anti-American slogans and effigies mocking President Donald Trump, thousands rallied outside the former US embassy in Tehran on Monday to mark the 40th anniversary of the Iran hostage crisis. Amid renewed tensions with Washington, state television showed rallies taking place in several other cities, including Mashhad, Shiraz and Esfahan, four decades after revolutionary students stormed the diplomatic mission. "They will continue their enmity against us. They are like a lethal scorpion whose nature is to have a poisonous sting," the head of the army, General Abdolrahim Mousavi, said in a speech at Tehran. "We are ready to crush this scorpion and will also pay the price."






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11/04 Links Pt2: Poll: Almost 50% of UK Jews will 'seriously consider' leaving if Corbyn wins elections; Historian: New evidence shows FDR’s bigotry derailed many Holocaust rescue plans; Ray Charles in Israel

 Cache   
From Ian:

Poll: Almost 50% of UK Jews will 'seriously consider' leaving if Corbyn wins elections
Britain's Jewish community so deeply concerned by the prospect of Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn winning the next general election that community leaders have launched a campaign to undermine his premiership candidacy.

A recent poll by the Jewish Leadership Council, a British-Jewish advocacy group, found that 47% of British Jews would "seriously consider" emigrating if Corbyn is elected prime minister.

Some 87% of British Jews believed Corbyn to be anti-Semitic, and 90% said they will not vote for Labour, the poll found.

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson called the general elections, set for Dec. 12, following his failure to push the Brexit deal through Parliament. Johnson's promise to have the UK leave the European Union by Oct. 31 had been a key element in the Conservatives' leadership bid, which brought him to power in July.

Corbyn has been repeatedly lambasted for his failure to tackle anti-Semitism within Labour. In 2018, the party received 863 complaints of anti-Semitism but took action in only 101 of those cases. Worse, Labour members who have publicly made statements such as "Jews are the problem" have remained in the party despite complaints against them.


According to the Jewish Chronicle, prominent British Rabbi Jonathan Romain has even taken the unprecedented step of urging congregants to vote against Labour, warning that a Corbyn-led government "would pose a danger to Jewish life as we know it."

"I should stress that the problem is not the Labour Party itself, which has a long record of fighting discrimination and prejudice, but the problem is Jeremy Corbyn. Corbyn-led Labour, has at best, let antisemitism arise within its ranks, or at worst, has encouraged it," Romain wrote in a letter to the 823 families who are members of his Berkshire shul.

"This has never happened under any previous Labour leader … so the finger of responsibility really does seem to point to Jeremy Corbyn. I am therefore suggesting we should each put aside all other considerations and vote for whichever party is most likely to defeat Labour in whatever constituency we are in – even if we would never normally vote for that party."

Israel Advocacy Movement: Why vote Labour?
In the upcoming election, a vote for Labour is a vote for:
☠️ Terrorism supporters
🇻🇪 An economy like Venezuela
🚫 Racism
A vote for Labour is a vote for insanity… watch the election video Labour don't want you to see.


Jewish Caller Tells Maajid Nawaz He Would Emigrate If Corbyn Elected
A Jewish caller told Maajid Nawaz that he would close his business and leave the UK if Jeremy Corbyn were to become Prime Minister because of anti-Semitism.

David, from Hendon, said: "I will leave the country as soon as Corbyn comes in, God forbid that he should.

"I will not stay in a country where anti-Semitism is now accepted because I think, brilliantly, he and his PR people just didn't answer really, just deflected old accusations.

Now people are fed up with hearing the word so it's almost as if it's accepted and whether that's the case or people are actually anti-Semitic in this country... I hope not but I'm beginning to have my doubts."

He also explained that he would shut down his business of 53 people.

He said: "I will leave, I will close down all of my businesses which I can. I've been nervous of this, I'm in the position where I'll be able to close them down.

"These people won't be employed anymore and that's fine. I'm looking after myself and I'm sure people, some of your viewers or listeners will be saying 'good riddance, let's get rid of the guy'.

But there are hundreds of people like me, and not all of them are Jewish, there are hundreds of wealthy people who have built up businesses who know that in the end Mr. Corbyn will take it all away from us because he doesn't appreciate people who work hard."




Historian: New evidence shows FDR’s bigotry derailed many Holocaust rescue plans
Not only was US president Franklin Roosevelt perfunctory about rescuing Jews from the Nazis, but he obstructed rescue opportunities that would have cost him little or nothing, according to Holocaust historian Rafael Medoff.

FDR’s role in preventing the rescue of European Jewry is detailed in a new book called, “The Jews Should Keep Quiet: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, and the Holocaust.”

Published in September, Medoff’s book includes new archival materials about the relationship between Roosevelt and Rabbi Stephen Wise, who the author sees as a sycophantic Jewish leader used by Roosevelt to “keep the Jews quiet.”

Wrote Medoff, “Franklin Roosevelt took advantage of Wise’s adoration of his policies and leadership to manipulate Wise through flattery and intermittent access to the White House.” In return for visits to the White House and Roosevelt calling him by his first name, Wise undermined Jewish activists who demanded the administration let more Jewish refugees into the US.

According to Medoff, Roosevelt’s policies toward European Jews were motivated by sentiments similar to those that spurred him to intern 120,000 Japanese Americans in detention camps as potential spies.

“Roosevelt used almost identical language in recommending that the Jews and the Japanese be forcibly ‘spread thin’ around the country,” Medoff told The Times of Israel. “I was struck by the similarity between the language FDR used regarding the Japanese, and that which he used in private concerning Jews — that they can’t be trusted, they won’t ever become fully loyal Americans, they’ll try to dominate wherever they go.”
Gil Troy: Mark Twain’s ‘Innocents Abroad’ explains our Israel obsession
Twain offered his pragmatic American explanation for Palestine’s desolation: “Palestine is no more of this work-day world. It is sacred to poetry and tradition – it is dream-land.” Twain feared that Palestine induced so much stargazing no one ever rolled up their sleeves to produce anything there.

Fortunately, the Zionist movement was starting to tap into old-new Jewish dreams to motivate hardy, hardscrabble, hardworking pioneers – much as the American dream drove Twain’s fellow Americans. This pre-Zionist book offers a core Zionist message. The Palestine Twain saw highlights the modern miracles Zionism created that we take for granted.

STILL, IF dreams can motivate or paralyze, mythmaking can inspire – or disappoint. Sarna has long shown how Palestine as dreamland boosted modern Israel in American and Jewish eyes. Many Americans, especially American Jews, echo the pilgrims’ naivete. They romanticize Israel, falling in love with what Sarna calls a “mythical Israel,” more indicative of “American Jewish ideals” than “Israeli realities.” The Zionist dream, American-style, long celebrated an Israel that was even more progressive than America – defined by kibbutz workers, not Wall Street investors; built by new brawny Jews, not traditionally brainy Jews.

Beware: too much mythmaking about any country – especially the world’s only Jewish state trying to survive in a Middle East hostile to Jews and democracies – is risky. As with any romance, some idealization during courtship greases the wheels of love. And Israel’s “dreamland” still dazzles most Americans. But, today, with Israel in middle age, the toxicity of faded romance often triggers an overly harsh counterreaction. Somehow, many of Israel’s jilted leftist lovers still love America while hating Donald Trump. Yet when they detest an Israeli policy or prime minister, they give up on Israel and Zionism.

Mark Twain’s memories of being a Missouri non-Yankee in King Solomon’s court helps explain our modern obsession with Israel, too. Twain emphasizes how foundational Palestine is to the West. “Crowded with historical interest,” filled with “elegant fragments,” it still dominates our collective imaginations.

But heed Twain’s warning. Those who believe Israel can do no right – along with those who believe Israel can do no wrong – are often telling us more about the “verdicts they brought with them” rather than their fair assessments of this rich, complex, modern democracy.

Clearly, we have some Mark Twain-like “unlearning” to do, especially about Israel.
Revisionist Author Tries to Distort the Record of David Ben-Gurion
Tom Segev’s well-written biography of Israel’s first prime minister, A State At Any Cost: The Life of David Ben-Gurion, is undercut by the author’s biases and penchant for narrative.

It would be hard to imagine Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu publishing an op-ed in The New York Times on Buddhism. But back in April 1962, the first Israeli premier, David Ben-Gurion, did precisely that — but only after spending weeks studying with religious scholars as a personal guest of the prime minister of Burma, today’s Myanmar. Ben-Gurion even insisted, much to the consternation of his teachers, “that he had discovered a self-contradiction in the Buddha’s doctrine that no one else had ever noticed.” It turned out that he was wrong; it was a translation error.

As Segev makes clear, Israel’s founding father was both exceptional and eccentric. And nearly five decades after his passing, Ben-Gurion remains iconic, with a legacy and career that are arguably unmatched in the small nation’s modern history.

As his private secretary, Yitzhak Navon, once observed, “Without Ben-Gurion, the State of Israel would not be in existence — and this I can say about nobody.” Indeed, long before he was making history, Ben-Gurion was its avid student.

As Segev notes: “He saw himself, and was seen by others, as an incarnation of history.” To a great extent, this was the result of the tremendous willpower that he displayed throughout his life.
New Book Tells a Holocaust Family Mystery
I just finished reading an extraordinary new book, House on Endless Waters by author Emuna Elon.

From start to finish, I found it to be well-written, touching, and chock-full of character development; there were so many stories I could relate to.

The book is a family mystery ripe with great plot twists. It explores one man’s quest — a renowned Israeli author — to visit his birthplace in Amsterdam, despite promising his late mother that he would never return to that city. And during a visit to that city’s Jewish museum, he sees a picture of his mother, pre-war, holding a child he doesn’t recognize. The book explores his adventures through Amsterdam — past, present, and future — replete with dreams, visions, and more, all in beautifully written prose.

Throughout the book, I had memories of growing up in a home where my grandparents were Holocaust survivors, and my mom (z”l) spent so much time researching, reading, and studying about the history of our many family members who were murdered by the Nazis. She attended conferences, discovered obscure files, and spent days at Yad Vashem. In the last few months of her life, my mother learned that her father, Morris Waga, had been married with a family before he married my grandmother. He lost that wife and a three-year old daughter in the camps to the Nazis. Yet, throughout his entire life, he never told my mother or her younger brother.

The book discusses underground networks that hid Jewish children during the war, and the burdens faced by those who survived. The scars of the Holocaust haunt families and people for generations.
Jonathan Tobin: Can Joe Biden save the day for pro-Israel Democrats?
The problem here for pro-Israel Democrats is that, out of necessity, they’ve hitched the fate of their cause to what right now looks like a fading star. Biden, who hasn’t won a competitive race on his own (being Barack Obama’s running mate doesn’t count) since Richard Nixon was president, has so far been a disappointment to his backers. With a focus on the effort to impeach Trump dominating the headlines this winter, it may also remind voters of his son’s questionable behavior further dragging him down.

Nor, it should be added, is Biden coming to the issue with entirely clean hands. He was part of Obama’s eight-year-long pressure campaign against the Israeli government, as well as an ardent supporter of the disastrous 2015 Iran nuclear deal, which he still defends.

Biden may be instinctively supportive of the Jewish state in ways that eclipse those of Warren, Sanders and Buttigieg; however, the tenor of his dialogue with Israel has always been that of an American who thinks he knows the Middle East better than Israelis. Biden received a devastating – and completely deserved – tongue-lashing from former Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin at a Senate hearing in June 1982. In response to Biden’s threats of aid cuts that were hardly different from the statements of the primary opponents he now considers “outrageous,” Begin slapped him down by telling him that he was “not a Jew with trembling knees,” and that Israel would defend its principles, “and, when necessary, we will die for them again, with or without your aid.”

In a competition with far more extreme critics of Israel than he ever was, Biden is the best that pro-Israel Democrats, who once dominated their party yet now seem unable to muster sufficient support for censoring or shunning anti-Semites like Omar and Tlaib, can muster. It is on his aging and uncertain shoulders that the fate of the Democrats as a pro-Israel party rests. That’s a prospect that should scare friends of the Jewish state, no matter which party they support.
Michael Lumish: Are Arabs indigenous to Judea?
Of course, Arabs are not indigenous to Judea / Israel. Arabs are conquerers indigenous to the Arabian peninsula. If one cares about "the conflict" -- or what I call The Long Arab / Muslim War against the Jews of the Middle East -- then one must recognize the Jews as indigenous and the Arabs and Muslims as imperialists and colonialists.

And, yet, the progressive-left and the Democratic Party honestly believe that the Jewish defenders of Jewish children and Jewish land are the aggressors. They honestly believe that Arabs have every right to kill Jews as a matter of "resistance." It is an intelligent rhetorical strategy on par with the propaganda skill of the National Socialists.

The brilliance behind Arab and Muslim imperialism is that they actually managed to convince the arrogant and ignorant Euros that they are the indigenous population in the lands that they conquered.
Corbyn, a cause for concern
Meanwhile, Johnson's main rival, Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, also isn't assured of restoring his party to power for the first time since 2010. Corbyn's ideological extremism is attractive to certain strata of British society but is also a deterrent to others. Some polls find Corbyn to be the "least popular Opposition leader of the past 45 years." Even if he doesn't win, it's still theoretically possible for him to establish a "resistance coalition" against Johnson and Brexit, which would include the Liberal Democrats and Scottish separatists who oppose leaving the EU.

Even if Labour is weakened in the upcoming election, in such a manner that Corbyn is forced to resign, he will have left behind a party that is fundamentally different than the one he inherited four years ago. Labour's far-left faction has effectively consummated its takeover of Britain's main Opposition party, essentially ridding it of all internal dissent. Under the guise of its anti-Israel and anti-Zionist worldview, Labour has normalized anti-Semitism as part of the British political landscape. Even if Corbyn goes, the devastation he leaves in his wake will be absolute.

All efforts by the country's Jewish community and Labour's own Jewish MPs to foster dialogue with Corbyn's circle about banishing anti-Semitic activists within its ranks have floundered amid their refusal to recognize the importance of the matter. There have been cosmetic initiatives, mostly for public relations purposes, but little else. Labour under Corbyn's leadership has legitimized anti-Semitism and shown Jews that the party that first welcomed them to Great Britain – no longer cares for them.

With a sense of humor that under the current circumstances has taken a darker turn, British Jews have altered Labour's slogan from "For the many, not for the few," to "For the many, not for the Jew." If Labour rises to power, this joke could have serious implications for all of Britain.




Also in October: A selection of other antisemitic Incidents that we did not cover
A swastika was spray-painted on a sign near a Jewish school in Gateshead. The graffiti appeared on the corner of High West Street and Gladstone Terrace on 7th October.

A swastika and the words “Lewis is a Jew” were carved into the glass panel of a bus stop in East Leeds. Anyone with information should contact West Yorkshire Police on 101 referencing log number 243.

On Shabbat, 19th October at the Clapton Common and Oldhill Street junction in Stamford Hill, three males accosted Orthodox Jews walking home from synagogue with antisemitic slurs including “Heil Hitler”.
Alison Chabloz fails to overturn conviction over Holocaust denial at High Court, leaving no further avenue of appeal
Moments ago, notorious antisemite and Holocaust denier Alison Chabloz has had her application for a judicial review denied by the High Court following her landmark conviction on three charges of sending grossly offensive communications via a public communications network.

Ms Chabloz had sought to overturn her conviction on technicalities relating to the meaning of what constituted sending communications online, but the High Court denied her appeal and upheld the earlier judgment. There was confusion over the way that the case had proceeded to court as Ms Chabloz’s case was brought before judges by her barrister, Adrian Davies, who maintains his record of losing cases for neo-Nazis and Holocaust deniers.

Ms Chabloz had sought to overturn her conviction on technicalities relating to the case began as a private prosecution by Campaign Against Antisemitism, which was then continued by the Crown Prosecution Service. The charges related to three self-penned songs in which Ms Chabloz denounced a supposed Jewish conspiracy to dominate the world and attacked the Holocaust as a fraud perpetrated by Jews for financial gain.

The conviction set a new precedent in British law, effectively delivering a landmark precedent verdict on incitement on social media and on whether the law considers Holocaust denial to be “grossly offensive” and therefore illegal when used as a means by which to hound Jews.
Boston University set to hire anti-Israel professor
Sarah Ihmoud, a postdoctoral associate at Boston University, is currently under consideration for a teaching position at the university, Americans for Peace and Tolerance (APT) reported.

According to APT, the university has not yet made an offer to Ihmoud, but the offer is "imminent."

Education Without Indoctrination (EWI) called for action to prevent Boston University from becoming "a platform for Jew-hate."

Ihmoud, co-author of Sexual Violence, Women’s Bodies, and Israeli Settler Colonialism, presented the paper to BU. In it, she claims that "rape and killing of Palestinian women was a central aspect of Israeli troops' systematic massacres and evictions during the destruction of Palestinian villages in 1948" and describes Nazi-like actions, including the shooting of pregnant women and the murder of children.

The paper also claims that that both brutality and sexual violence against Palestinian Authority women is an ongoing tactic of the IDF.
Major Jewish Groups Applaud Twitter for ‘Belated’ Shut Down of Hamas, Hezbollah Accounts
Major Jewish groups applauded the micro-blogging website Twitter on Sunday for suspending a series of accounts affiliated with the terrorist groups Hamas and Hezbollah.

“Thank you @Twitter for suspending the accounts of Hamas and Hezbollah,” Jonathan Greenblatt, the CEO of the Anti-Defamation League, tweeted.

Referring to Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey, Greenblatt added, “US-designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations do not belong on the platform. Let’s hope all platforms follow @jack’s lead.”

The American Jewish Committee also weighed in, pointing out that while Twitter has accepted that there is no difference between the “military” and political wings of terrorist groups, the European Union continues to separate the two.


The Simon Wiesenthal Center responded by tweeting, “Belated but welcome anti-terrorist moves by @Twitter — hope others will follow.”
BBC ignores Twitter’s terror groups suspensions
To date, those searching for coverage of that story under the BBC News website’s ‘social media’ and ‘Twitter’ tags will find nothing.

Perhaps the BBC is having difficulty working out how to square that quote from Twitter with its own euphemistic portrayals of Hamas as a ‘militant Islamist group’ and Hizballah as a ‘political, military and social organisation’.
Indy egregiously misleads on Gaza power shortages
A Nov. 3rd article in the Independent on the use of solar power in Gaza grossly misled readers as to the extent and origin of the strip’s electricity shortages.

The article, “Meet the Gazan woman turning rubble into building blocks and sunlight into power”, by their deputy international editor Gemma Fox, begins thusly:

For Samar, Gaza’s crippling blackouts used to mean a daily, panicked rush to take her son to the nearest hospital so that his lungs wouldn’t fail.

He suffers from a lung disease that has left him dependent on a machine to breathe. But the machine depends on electricity – something in critically short supply in Gaza.

Samar’s story is far from unique, with the enclave’s two million residents forced to try to survive on roughly three hours of electricity since Israel imposed a blockade in 2016.

Hospitals and other buildings rely on generators to keep the power on during the cuts, but they are expensive, and until recently, a luxury that Samar was unable to afford.


First, Israel imposed their blockades of Gaza, due to Hamas’s takeover of the strip, in 2007, not 2016.

Also, it was both Egypt and Israel who imposed a blockade. In Israel’s case, the only items that have generally been restricted are military related (or dual-use) goods.

Additionally, the Indy gets their figures on the daily availability of electricity in Gaza wildly wrong. Palestinians in the strip get around twelve hours a day, not three, as a detailed report and graph by United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) makes clear.
BBC WS radio amplifies claim that a country called Palestine “existed”
Despite the claims from Hills and Lefrak, as we noted when BBC World Service radio previously promoted the museum and its founder back in June, it is essentially the continuation of a project that is very much political – even if Lefrak fails to identify it as such.

Lefrak: “Museum founder Bshara Nassar says his goal is to create a space that’s more personal than political.”
Nassar: “We want to really transform the story and put Palestinians in the light that we’re human beings, right? We’re artists, we’re entrepreneurs, we’re in politics and we contributing a lot to the US as immigrants as well.”
Lefrak: “Nassar immigrated to the US from the West Bank in 2011. When he came to Washington he saw a city full of museums but he didn’t see one that reflected him.”
Nassar: “Really I could not see a place where the Palestinian story can be told.”
Lefrak: “So he decided to open a travelling exhibition that would eventually become the museum. One of the objects in the collection is a 1946 passport for the Palestine Mandate. It was rendered useless the following year after the United Nations voted to establish the State of Israel. Curator Nada Odeh wants visitors to understand that history.”


That passport was of course in fact “rendered useless” in May 1948 when the British terminated their administration of the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine – the purpose of which was to create a Jewish national home. In 1947 the UNGA passed a resolution (181) recommending that the area then still under British administration should be partitioned between Jewish and Arab states – a recommendation accepted by the Jews but rejected out of hand by the Arabs and hence never implemented. BBC world Service listeners heard nothing of that history – or the Arab attacks which followed that UN vote – but they did hear the ‘non-political’ museum’s Syrian-born head curator promote the falsehood that a country “called Palestine” used to exist.


German Cardinal: Antisemitism is an attack on us all
A prominent German cardinal of the Catholic Church has pledged that Jews and Christians will stand together in the fight against rising antisemitism in the country.

Cardinal Reinhard Marx, who is chairman of the German Bishops’ Conference and serves as the archbishop of Munich and Freising, said on Sunday night that “Christians and Jews will never separate again,” in the face of new antisemitism.

He made the comments during a panel discussion on antisemitism at the Catholic Academy in Berlin hosted by the German Bishops’ Conference and the Orthodox Rabbinical Conference of Germany.

Among prominent figures who attended were Katharina von Schnurbein, the European Commission coordinator on combating antisemitism; Armin Laschet, prime minister of North Rhine-Westphalia; and Josef Schuster, head of the Central Council of Jews in Germany.

A statement released by the German Bishops’ Conference quoted Marx as calling for stronger social commitment and better cohesion in society “in the face of resurgent antisemitism in Germany and Europe.”

He stressed that he was “very worried” about the direction society is heading because there are “more and more blogs and ideologies from people that cannot be taught, who indulge in conspiracy theories and soon unite as a sounding board for... slogans of antisemitism.”
Outrage in Germany over neo-Nazis’ political ‘kill list’
German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government on Monday strongly condemned death threats against two leading Green party politicians by a neo-Nazi group, as concern mounts over a rise in right-wing extremism.

Greens lawmaker Cem Ozdemir, who has Turkish roots, revealed at the weekend that police were investigating an email he had received from a neo-Nazi group saying he was at the top of their kill list.

“We are currently planning how and when to execute you. At the next rally? Or will we get you outside your home?” the email read, according to the Funke newspaper group.

Fellow Greens MP Claudia Roth received a message saying she was second in line to be killed.

Both emails were sent on October 27 and signed with “Nuclear Weapons Division Germany” (AWD), apparently a German offshoot of a notorious US-based neo-Nazi group.

“The German government clearly condemns any kind of threats or violence against politicians,” Merkel’s spokeswoman Ulrike Demmer told reporters.

“We cannot and will not accept these attacks on our free democratic system,” she said, vowing to use the full force of the law against the perpetrators.
White supremacist charged with planning to blow up Colorado synagogue
US authorities have arrested a known white supremacist on suspicion that he planned to blow up a synagogue in Colorado, local media reported Monday.

The suspect, named as Richard Holzer, 27, reportedly met an undercover FBI agent on Friday at a motel with explosives that he allegedly intended to use to attack Temple Emanuel in the city of Pueblo.

Holzer told an undercover FBI agent that he had previously been a member of the Ku Klux Klan, and had become a skinhead, according to the Denver Post.

Holzer said he was preparing a “holy war” and claimed to have poisoned the water at the synagogue with arsenic and was planning to do so again, The Denver Post reported, citing an affidavit filed on Saturday at the US District Court in Colorado.

According to the affidavit, when asked what if people were in the building when the bomb exploded, “Holzer stated that he did not think anyone would be there, but that if they were, Holzer would not care because they would be Jews.”
Men dressed as Jews hand out Holocaust denial fliers at Colorado mall
A group of men wearing large white yarmulkes and fringed prayer shawls handed out fliers promoting Holocaust denial and hung up cards bearing anti-Semitic canards on a pedestrian mall in Boulder, Colorado.

The fliers handed out at Boulder’s Pearl Street Mall by the men who appeared to be posing as Jews claimed the Holocaust was “impossible.”

The men also hung notes on index cards around the mall that claimed “Academia is dominated by Marxist Jews,” Jews run the porn industry,” and “Jews ran the Atlantic slave trade,” the Daily Camera newspaper reported.

The men livestreamed their actions, according to the report.

As of Sunday morning, no reports were filed with police about the fliers, Boulder police told the newspaper.


City of Poway, CA, set to rename street after Chabad shooting victim
The city council in Poway, Calif., will consider a proposal on Nov. 5 to change the name of a short street in memory of Lori Lynn Gilbert-Kaye, the only fatality in the shooting earlier this year at Chabad of Poway.

Under the proposal, Eva Drive would become Lori Lynn Lane. It is located near where the 60-year-old congregant lived with her husband, Dr. Howard Kaye, about a mile from the synagogue.

Poway Mayor Steve Vaus said that people associated with Chabad approached the city to propose the street-name change.

“They did all the groundwork, and our team got the obstacles out of the way,” he said. “It should have unanimous and enthusiastic support.”

Three people, including senior Rabbi Yisroel Goldstein, were wounded on April 27 when lone gunman John Earnest shot at worshippers during Shabbat-morning services.

Earnest has pleaded not guilty to state and federal charges, including 113 federal hate crime-related counts.
Karish natural gas field off Israel’s shore found to be much bigger than thought
Energean Oil and Gas plc, a Greek gas producer focused on the Mediterranean, said Monday that its appraisal of the Karish North discovery offshore Israel has revealed 0.9 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of recoverable natural gas resources plus 34 million barrels of light oil or condensate.

The appraisal “significantly” increases the resource volumes discovered by Energean at the Karish and Tanin leases off Israel’s shore, the statement said.

The firm had already discovered 2.4 tcf of natural gas at the Karish and Tanin fields, along with 33 million barrels of light oil. Energean has already signed accords to sell 4.7 billion cubic meters a year of the fuel to Israeli customers.

Light crude oil is a liquid petroleum that has a low density and low viscosity than heavy crude oil. Natural gas condensate is a mixture of hydrocarbon liquids that are present in the raw natural gas produced at gas fields.

Israel, a nation traditionally starved of natural resources, believes the discovery of natural gas reserved off its shores in the Mediterranean will lead it to energy independence and make it an exporter of gas. The Karish and Tanin natural gas fields sit alongside the larger Tamar and Leviathan deposits in Israel’s economic waters in the Mediterranean.
Israel-Egypt gas pipeline deal expected in coming days
A deal that would transfer control of a natural gas pipeline between Israel and Egypt is expected to be closed in the next few days, the companies said on Sunday.

Texas-based Noble Energy (NBL.N), Israel’s Delek Drilling (DEDRp.TA) and Egyptian East Gas Co have partnered in a venture called EMED, which last year agreed to buy a 39% stake in the subsea EMG pipeline for $518 million that will carry Israeli gas exports to Egypt.

In a regulatory filing in Tel Aviv, Delek said the shares have already been transferred to the buyers while the funds are currently being held in a trust. It noted that no closing conditions remained.

“Upon the transfer of the full amount of the consideration to the sellers, which is expected to be performed in the coming days, the EMG transaction will be closed in practice,” Delek said.

Partners in Israel’s Leviathan and Tamar offshore gas fields had agreed to sell $15 billion worth of gas to a customer in Egypt — Dolphinus Holdings — but last month the deal was amended to boost supply by 34% to about 85 billion cubic meters, or an estimated $20 billion.
Elbit Systems Lands 5-Year, $50 Million Portuguese Defense Ministry Contract
Israeli defense contractor Elbit Systems announced over the weekend that it has been awarded a $50 million contract to supply the Portuguese Air Force with a complete electronic warfare suite and customer logistics support for the new KC-390 multi-mission aircraft. The contract is to be completed over a five-year period.

Under the contract, Elbit will supply the Portuguese Air Force’s KC-390s with Radar and Laser Warning Systems, an IR Missile Warning System, Countermeasures Dispensing System, a Directional IR Countermeasures system and Active ECM (AECM) POD system.

“The Portuguese Air Force is a long-standing strategic partner of Elbit Systems and we are proud of this contract award to provide enhanced survivability for their new fleet of KC-390 aircraft,” said Edgar Maimon, executive vice president and general manager of Elbit Systems’ Electronic Warfare and Signals Intelligence Unit.

Last week, Elbit announced that it had been selected by the Swiss Federal Department of Defense, Civil Protection and Sport to provide the Swiss Armed Forces with an army-wide tactical Software Defined Radio (SDR) solution under the Telecommunications Armed Forces (TK A) program.
Ray Charles in Israel
“I had always heard that I was popular in Israel, but I didn’t get over there until the early seventies,” the soul genius Ray Charles recalled. “Some people asked me to do a documentary. I liked the idea. I’d never done anything like that before. The film people knew I wasn’t a scholar or a theologian, but they had heard that I had a decent working knowledge of the Bible. They had also heard that the Israelis liked me, and they hoped the two things would blend.”

Ray Charles, accompanied by his five backup singers, the Raelettes, arrived in Israel in early December 1972. In the first two weeks of that month they performed at five wildly successful concerts. Israeli fans of the “Genius of Soul” thronged the concert halls of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, and Haifa. Fans cheered the musicians in the streets and the press gave their concert tour wide coverage.

The musicians spent two weeks performing and touring in the country. It was, Charles remembered, an opportunity to “look around and learn. … It was all so old, so incredibly old, that I couldn’t help but shake my head in wonder. I could smell history in the streets.”

By the early 1970s, Ray Charles and the Raelettes had given concerts all over the world. In Japan, they had encountered particularly enthusiastic audiences. But in terms of enthusiasm none of these concerts prepared Charles and his ensemble for the reception they received in Israel.

That many Israelis liked Ray Charles and his music was an understatement. I was living in Jerusalem at the time and I remember vividly the excitement that his visit generated. I also remember that by the time I made it to the concert hall box office the two Jerusalem shows were completely sold out. I never got to hear him on that tour, but news of it was in all of the Israel newspapers. It seemed that by missing that concert I had missed more than the music.

The riveting story of the Jerusalem concert is best told by the genius himself: In his autobiography, Brother Ray, (co-written with David Ritz) Charles wrote that, “In thirty years on the road, I had never experienced anything like this. We were supposed to do two shows, but the first one had the crowd so crazy and happy that they wouldn’t leave. The second crowd was due any minute, but the first crowd wasn’t about to move.”


The Jewish roots of French icon Asterix the Gaul
The iconic adventures of Asterix the Gaul may be most famous in the French-speaking world, but their inspiration is decidedly Jewish.

One of the most famous characters in French comics, and considered by many to be a French national hero, the adventures of Asterix and his sidekick Obelix are popular all over the world. The comics were translated to over 100 languages, including Latin, Welsh and Hebrew. It has inspired 10 movies, the most recent one the 2018 Asterix: The Secret of the Magic Potion.

But could Asterix be Jewish? While the answer is obviously no – Asterix is literally a Gaul, after all – Ateret Yerushalayim rosh yeshiva Rabbi Shlomo Aviner argues that the Jewish inspiration is clearly there.

It is important to note that the original writer behind Asterix, René Goscinny, was undoubtedly Jewish, having been born in Paris in 1926 to two Jewish immigrants from Poland. His father accepted a job in Argentina after he was born, unknowingly ensuring their family won't be harmed by the Nazi occupation of France, to which he returned in 1946.

Speaking in an interview reported by Srugim, Rabbi Aviner, who is French himself – after mentioning that this isn't as important as studying Rashi, a medieval Jewish scholar who was also French – reaffirmed Goscinny's Jewishness.

"His father was born in Warsaw, and his grandfather was a rabbi," he explained. "His Jewish identity was strong."
Jewish astronaut snaps space pics of Israel, salutes late father
Jewish astronaut Jessica Meir, who made history last month as one half of the first all-female spacewalking team, on Friday posted pictures of Israel snapped from space with a caption saying the country was part of her father’s journey.

“My father’s globe spanning journey as a surgeon from the Middle East, to Europe, and eventually to the U.S. was an inspiration to many in my immediate and extended family. #TheJourney,” Meir wrote.

Meir’s late father was born in 1925 in Baghdad, and in 1931 the whole family left Iraq as a result of anti-Semitism and settled in pre-state Israel.

He was in medical school at the American University of Beirut when the 1948 War of Independence broke out and returned to Israel, where he drove an ambulance during the war. He then went to Geneva to finish medical school before taking a job in Sweden, where he met Meir’s mother, a nurse who was raised in a Christian Swedish family.

Her parents then moved to the US.




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11/04 Links Pt1: The missing billions of the Palestinian Authority; The delusional one-state solution; Netanyahu: Arab Countries Now See Israel as an ‘Indispensable Ally’ Against Iran

 Cache   
From Ian:

PMW: The missing billions of the Palestinian Authority
Since its creation, the Palestinian Authority has received tens of billions of dollars of international aid. Just since 2011, the European Union, the United States, and other countries have provided the PA with hundreds of millions of dollars and euros of aid.

While the PA has constantly complained about its financial difficulties, scrutiny of the PA’s own financial records for the years 2011 - 2018, shows that the PA transferred from its coffers over 7 billion shekels to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), some of which was then given to terrorist organizations. In that same period, the PA also spent over 440 million shekels to fund its non-functioning institutions.

Funding to the PLO and internationally designated terrorist organizations

The PLO, which is also headed by PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas, is an umbrella organization for several Palestinian groups. The largest and most dominant member is Abbas’ Fatah party. Other members include groups designated as terror organizations by the US and the EU such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Palestinian Liberation Front. PLO members are entitled to and receive funding from the PLO.

While international donors have demanded that the PA show financial transparency, the PLO is not subject to any financial regulation or demands of transparency. Accordingly, it is impossible to know what happens with billions of dollars of donor money the PA has given and continues to give today to the PLO.

Only on sporadic occasions are the financial workings of the PLO exposed. In June 2018, a senior PFLP official, Maher Mazhar, complained that the PFLP was not getting its monthly al